WorldWideScience

Sample records for cber licensed products

  1. CBERS-02 Application Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Jianning; YU Jin; MIN Xiangjun; LI Xingchao; HOU Minghui

    2004-01-01

    As the successor of CBERS-01, CBERS-02 was launched successfully on 21October 2003 and transmitted its first downlink data the next day. According to the OBT (On Board Test) outline, CRESDA cooperated with CAST and many remote sensing organizations in China in implementing the test of the satellite payloads, ground processing system and data application. In this paper, the test is briefly illustrated in three parts: Ⅰ. Satellite Parameters Test (especially the test for payloads), Ⅱ. Payload Image Quality Assessment, and Ⅲ. Data Application Assessment. The results of the test show that the image quality of CBERS-02 is much improved over CBERS-01 and will continue to play a more important role in the society and economic development of China.

  2. Product Licenses Database Application

    CERN Document Server

    Tonkovikj, Petar

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this project is to organize and centralize the data about software tools available to CERN employees, as well as provide a system that would simplify the license management process by providing information about the available licenses and their expiry dates. The project development process is consisted of two steps: modeling the products (software tools), product licenses, legal agreements and other data related to these entities in a relational database and developing the front-end user interface so that the user can interact with the database. The result is an ASP.NET MVC web application with interactive views for displaying and managing the data in the underlying database.

  3. The Prototype Development for The Second Generation CBERS Initiates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SunQing

    2005-01-01

    It's reported that the concept for the second generation CBERS-CBERS-03 & 04 to be jointly developed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) and INPE went through the assessment by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) at the beginning of the year. It means that the prototype development of CBERS-03 & 04 has been initiated.

  4. Patent licensing, bargaining, and product positioning

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumura, Toshihiro; Matsushima, Noriaki

    2010-01-01

    Innovators who have developed advanced technologies, along with launching new products by themselves, often license these technologies to their rivals. When a firm launches a new product, product positioning is also an important matter. Using a standard linear city model with two firms, we investigate how the bargaining power of the licenser affects the product positions of the firms. We find that the inventor more likely chooses the central position when its bargaining power is weak. We also...

  5. CRESDA APPLICATION SYSTEM OF CBERS-1, RESULTS AND TYPICAL EXAMPLES OF APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    CRESDA Application System of CBERS-1 was established in 1999. During the operation of the system for more than two years, about 240 000 scenes of CBERS-1 Level 0 data have been archived and more than 13 000 scenes of Level 2 products have been ordered by end users from different application fields.In this paper, the typical examples of applications in crop yield estimation,calamity alleviation, resources survey and protection, environment monitoring and continuable development, and urban planning are mainly described.

  6. Applications Of CBERS Data In Oceanic Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xiaomin; Zhang Jie; Ma Yi; Song Pingjian

    2009-01-01

    @@ The CBERS series satellite data has been widely used by the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration (SOA) for the studies related to the monitoring of coral islands, land use changes of islands and coastal zone, green tide,implementation of ocean functional zoning, suspended particulate matter,sea ice, rafts cultivation and so on.The data covers the range of islands,coastal zone and inshore sea areas.

  7. The Application Achievements And Perspective Of CBERS Series Satellite Imagery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xingchao; Qi Xueyong; Lu Yilin

    2009-01-01

    @@ Since the first China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS-1),launched in 1999,the CBERS data has been applied in many fields extensively.Remarkable social and economic benefits have been achieved.This article presents the application achievements during the past nine years,and gives a perspective for the future.All these applications demonstrate that the CBERS data has been an important data source for resources investigation and monitoring.

  8. Atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images with MODIS data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Junsheng; ZHANG Bing; CHEN Zhengchao; SHEN Qian

    2006-01-01

    China Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS) CCD images have much potential for inland water environmental monitoring. However, their atmospheric accuracy correction can affect their quantitative applications. This paper contains an atmospheric correction algorithm for CBERS CCD images with MODIS data from the same day, the use of which improves the atmospheric correction algorithm of ocean color remote sensing developed by Gordon (1993, 1994) and makes it applicable to inland waters. The improved algorithm retrieves atmospheric parameters from MODIS data and uses them to perform the atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images. Experimental results show that the atmospheric correction algorithm of CBERS CCD images assisted by MODIS data is reliable. Furthermore, MODIS data can be freely obtained on a daily basis, making the algorithm developed in this paper useful for environmental monitoring of inland waters.

  9. Licensing new uranium production projects in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the decision to complete construction and begin operation of the Atucha II Plant, Argentina's nuclear reactor fuel requirements will increase in the mid-term from 120 tU/year to 220 tU/year. Current market conditions justify reactivation of indigenous production of uranium concentrates that could progressively replace imports. Consequently, CNEA presented to the Mendoza Province and national (Nuclear Regulatory Authority) licensing authorities a proposal for reactivation of the San Rafael Mining-Milling Complex. The main step in the licensing process is the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). This includes both assessment of the engineering for remediation of waste generated during previous production activities, and of environmental management of future production activities. The EIA was carried out by the National Technological University. The Cerro Solo Project, Chubut Province, which is currently at the pre-feasibility stage, is being considered for initiation of the feasibility study and development-production stage. Under present market conditions, the estimated project production cost has become competitive, and the resources of the project could be sufficient to supply the long-term needs of Argentina's nuclear power plants. Taking into account the increasing interest in environmental issues, and stricter environmental regulations, the main challenges to re-activation of uranium production in Argentina are: improvement of interaction with local communities; training of skilled personnel in waste management; and developing cost estimates and plans for mine-mill closure. (author)

  10. A tasseled cap transformation for CBERS-02B CCD data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li SHENG; Jing-feng HUANG; Xiao-lu TANG

    2011-01-01

    The tasseled cap transformation of remote sensing data has been widely used in agriculture,forest,ecology,and landscape.In this paper,tasseled cap transformation coefficients appropriate for data from a new sensor (China & Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS-02B)) are presented.The first three components after transformation captured 98% of the four-band variance,and represent the physical characteristics of brightness (coefficients:0.509,0.431,0.330,and 0.668),greenness (coefficients:-0.494,-0.318,-0.324,and 0.741),and blueness (coefficients:0.581,-0.070,-0.811,and 0.003),respectively.We hope these results will enhance the application of CBERS-02B charge-coupled device (CCD) data in the areas of agriculture,forest,ecology,and landscape.

  11. Topographic correction realization based on the CBERS-02B image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Hui-ping; Yi, Wei-ning; Fang, Yong-hua

    2011-08-01

    The special topography of mountain terrain will induce the retrieval distortion in same species and surface spectral lines. In order to improve the research accuracy of topographic surface characteristic, many researchers have focused on topographic correction. Topographic correction methods can be statistical-empirical model or physical model, in which the methods based on the digital elevation model data are most popular. Restricted by spatial resolution, previous model mostly corrected topographic effect based on Landsat TM image, whose spatial resolution is 30 meter that can be easily achieved from internet or calculated from digital map. Some researchers have also done topographic correction based on high spatial resolution images, such as Quickbird and Ikonos, but there is little correlative research on the topographic correction of CBERS-02B image. In this study, liao-ning mountain terrain was taken as the objective. The digital elevation model data was interpolated to 2.36 meter by 15 meter original digital elevation model one meter by one meter. The C correction, SCS+C correction, Minnaert correction and Ekstrand-r were executed to correct the topographic effect. Then the corrected results were achieved and compared. The images corrected with C correction, SCS+C correction, Minnaert correction and Ekstrand-r were compared, and the scatter diagrams between image digital number and cosine of solar incidence angel with respect to surface normal were shown. The mean value, standard variance, slope of scatter diagram, and separation factor were statistically calculated. The analysed result shows that the shadow is weakened in corrected images than the original images, and the three-dimensional affect is removed. The absolute slope of fitting lines in scatter diagram is minished. Minnaert correction method has the most effective result. These demonstrate that the former correction methods can be successfully adapted to CBERS-02B images. The DEM data can be

  12. 9 CFR 102.5 - U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Veterinary Biological Product... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.5 U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License. (a) Authorization to produce each biological product shall be specified on a U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License, issued by...

  13. Land use mapping from CBERS-2 images with open source tools by applying different classification algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanhouse-García, Antonio J.; Rangel-Peraza, Jesús Gabriel; Bustos-Terrones, Yaneth; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Mesas-Carrascosa, Francisco J.

    2016-02-01

    Land cover classification is often based on different characteristics between their classes, but with great homogeneity within each one of them. This cover is obtained through field work or by mean of processing satellite images. Field work involves high costs; therefore, digital image processing techniques have become an important alternative to perform this task. However, in some developing countries and particularly in Casacoima municipality in Venezuela, there is a lack of geographic information systems due to the lack of updated information and high costs in software license acquisition. This research proposes a low cost methodology to develop thematic mapping of local land use and types of coverage in areas with scarce resources. Thematic mapping was developed from CBERS-2 images and spatial information available on the network using open source tools. The supervised classification method per pixel and per region was applied using different classification algorithms and comparing them among themselves. Classification method per pixel was based on Maxver algorithms (maximum likelihood) and Euclidean distance (minimum distance), while per region classification was based on the Bhattacharya algorithm. Satisfactory results were obtained from per region classification, where overall reliability of 83.93% and kappa index of 0.81% were observed. Maxver algorithm showed a reliability value of 73.36% and kappa index 0.69%, while Euclidean distance obtained values of 67.17% and 0.61% for reliability and kappa index, respectively. It was demonstrated that the proposed methodology was very useful in cartographic processing and updating, which in turn serve as a support to develop management plans and land management. Hence, open source tools showed to be an economically viable alternative not only for forestry organizations, but for the general public, allowing them to develop projects in economically depressed and/or environmentally threatened areas.

  14. 76 FR 63668 - Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Licensing Applications for the Production of Radioisotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... COMMISSION Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Licensing Applications for the Production of Radioisotopes..., ``Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Applications for the Licensing of Non-Power Reactors: Format and... Reviewing Applications for the Licensing of Non-Power Reactors: Standard Review Plan and Acceptance...

  15. 21 CFR 310.4 - Biologics; products subject to license control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Biologics; products subject to license control. 310.4 Section 310.4 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... to license control. (a) If a drug has an approved license under section 351 of the Public...

  16. Discriminação de variedades de citros em imagens CCD/CBERS-2 Discrimination of citrus varieties using CCD/CBERS-2 satellite imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ieda Del'Arco Sanches

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar as imagens CCD/CBERS-2 quanto à possibilidade de discriminarem variedades de citros. A área de estudo localiza-se em Itirapina (SP e, para este estudo, foram utilizadas imagens CCD de três datas (30/05/2004, 16/08/2004 e 11/09/2004. Um modelo que integra os elementos componentes da cena citrícola sensoriada é proposto com o objetivo de explicar a variabilidade das respostas das parcelas de citros em imagens orbitais do tipo CCD/CBERS-2. Foram feitas classificações pelos algoritmos Isoseg e Maxver e, de acordo com o índice kappa, concluiu-se que é possível obterem-se exatidões qualificadas como muito boas, sendo que as melhores classificações foram conseguidas com imagens da estação seca.This paper was aimed at evaluating the possibility of discriminating citrus varieties in CCD imageries from CBERS-2 satellite ("China-Brazil Earth Resouces Satellite". The study area is located in Itirapina, São Paulo State. For this study, three CCD images from 2004 were acquired (May 30, August 16, and September 11. In order to acquire a better understanding and for explaining the variability of the spectral behavior of the citrus areas in orbital images (like as the CCD/CBERS-2 images a model that integrates the elements of the citrus scene is proposed and discussed. The images were classified by Isoseg and MaxVer classifiers. According to kappa index, it was possible to obtain classifications qualified as 'very good'. The best results were obtained with the images from the dry season.

  17. 76 FR 13973 - United States Warehouse Act; Processed Agricultural Products Licensing Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Farm Service Agency United States Warehouse Act; Processed Agricultural Products Licensing Agreement... warehouse licenses may be issued under the United States Warehouse Act (USWA). Through this notice, FSA is... processed agricultural products that are stored in climate controlled, cooler, and freezer warehouses....

  18. 77 FR 21592 - Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Licensing Applications for the Production of Radioisotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... published in the Federal Register for comment on October 13, 2011 (76 FR 63668). This draft ISG provides... COMMISSION Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Licensing Applications for the Production of Radioisotopes..., ``Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Applications for the Licensing of Non-Power Reactors: Format...

  19. Pharmaceutical new product development: the increasing role of in-licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Nancy V

    2008-12-01

    Many pharmaceutical companies are facing a pipeline gap because of the increasing economic burden and uncertainty associated with internal research and development programs designed to develop new pharmaceutical products. To fill this pipeline gap, pharmaceutical companies are increasingly relying on in-licensing opportunities. New business development identifies new pharmaceuticals that satisfy unmet needs and are a good strategic fit for the company, completes valuation models and forecasts, evaluates the ability of the company to develop and launch products, and pursues in-licensing agreements for pharmaceuticals that cannot be developed internally on a timely basis. These agreements involve the transfer of access rights for patents, trademarks, or similar intellectual property from an outside company in exchange for payments. Despite the risks, in-licensing is increasingly becoming the preferred method for pharmaceutical companies with pipeline gaps to bring new pharmaceuticals to the clinician. PMID:19041620

  20. 75 FR 64949 - Domestic Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities; Updates to Incorporation by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... 3150-AI37 Domestic Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities; Updates to Incorporation by... October 5, 2010 (75 FR 61321). The final rule amends the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) regulations... 61335 of Federal Register document 2010-24814, published on October 5, 2010 (75 FR 61321), add...

  1. Assessing the Relative Ecological Importance and Deforestation Risks of Unprotected Areas in Western Brazil Using Landsat, CBERS and Quantum GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, A.; Sevilla, C.; Lanclos, A.; Carson, C.; Larson, J.; Sankaran, M.; Saad, M.

    2012-12-01

    In addition to understanding Brazilian policies and currently utilized methodologies, the measurement of the impacts of deforestation is essential for enhancing techniques to reduce deforestation in the future. Adverse impacts of deforestation include biodiversity loss, increased carbon dioxide emissions, and a reduced rate of evapotranspiration, all of which contribute directly or indirectly to global warming. With the continual growth in population in developing countries such as Brazil, increased demands are placed on infrastructural development and food production. As a result, forested areas are cleared for agricultural production. Recently, exploration for hydrocarbons in Western Brazil has also intensified as a means to stimulate the economy, as abundant oil and gas is believed to be found in these regions. Unfortunately, hydrocarbon-rich regions of Western Brazil are also home to thousands of species. Many of these regions are as of yet untapped but are at risk of ecological disruption as a result of impending human activity. This project utilized Landsat 5 TM to monitor deforestation in a subsection of the Brazilian states of Rondônia and Amazonas. A risk map identifying areas susceptible to future deforestation, based on factors such as proximity to roads, bodies of water, cities, and proposed hydrocarbon activities such as pipeline construction, was created. Areas at higher risk of clearance were recommended to be a target for enhanced monitoring and law enforcement. In addition, an importance map was created based on biodiversity and location of endangered species. This map was used to identify potential areas for future protection. A Chinese-Brazilian satellite, CBERS 2B CCD was also utilized for comparison. The NDVI model was additionally replicated in Quantum GIS, an open source software, so that local communities and policymakers could benefit without having to pay for expensive ArcGIS software. The capabilities of VIIRS were also investigated to

  2. 10 CFR 31.12 - General license for certain items and self-luminous products containing radium-226.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... LICENSES FOR BYPRODUCT MATERIAL § 31.12 General license for certain items and self-luminous products..., radium bath salts, and healing pads. (2) Intact timepieces containing greater than 0.037 megabecquerel (1... NRC. (b) Persons who acquire, receive, possess, use, or transfer byproduct material under the...

  3. State Regulation Of Licensing In The Sphere Of Production Of Peat In Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel A. Byshkov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article features of legal regulation of production and state licensing of peat in the modern legislation and laws of the Russian Federation are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the understanding of peat as a mineral that is important for the country's energy. The process of securing right of the peat use in the modern Russian law is analyzed. The question of the relationship of legislation on the subsoil and water legislation is researched, as well as issues of the Law of the Russian Federation "On Subsoil" and the Water Code of the Russian Federation are correlated. In addition the term "swamp", as the object of peat occurrence is considered. In the broader concept of the "wetland" exists in the Ramsar Convention of the 1971. The order of occurrence, termination, as well as the content of a license for the peat use is analyzed. The license is considered as a special governmental approval, including the prescribed form of the document with the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, as well as text, graphics and other supplements that are an integral part of the license and the fundamental conditions for the subsoil use. Rights and obligations of peat users in Russia are analyzed. Importance of the legal regulation of peat extraction as a common mineral in the Russian law understanding is highlighted.

  4. Preliminary screening of fuel cycle and by-product material licenses for emergency planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes work done for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission as part of a program considering the need for and appropriate level of emergency response planning at fuel cycle and by-product material facilities. The purpose is to: (1) provide a base of technical information for identifying and ranking those facilities for which the need for emergency response planning and preparedness should be further considered, and (2) perform an initial screening of licenses issued by NRC. A data base containing the radionuclide possession limits for each license was developed. Dose estimates for a unit (1 curie) release of each of the radionuclides in the data base were calculated. To account for the variability in weather, distributions of doses were estimated for a full range of meteorological conditions. As requested by NRC, doses at the 99th percentile of the distribution were used. An initial screening analysis was performed for the approximately 9400+ licenses by comparing the estimated 99th percentile dose for a postulated release of a fraction of the licensed possession limit to the dose levels suggested in the Environmental Protection Agency's Protective Action Guides. Using relatively conservative assumptions in the screening analysis, all but at most a few hundred licenses were found to have estimated doses below the protective Action Guide levels. The few hundred identified in this initial screening should be further evaluated using realistic assumptions and site-specific information to establish the need for, apropriate level and extent of, and potential effectiveness of emergency response planning and preparedness beyond that currently required. 51 refs

  5. Licensed uranium mills, uranium hexafluoride production plants, and fuel facilities: a historical review through 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data base has information that pertains to the health, safety, and environmental aspects of the licenses. Consideration was given to also include safeguards aspects, but this was not appropriate since the safeguards licensing program is fairly new and separate licenses for safeguards are not issued. Insofar as the health, safety, and environmental aspects of the licenses are concerned, the data base represents a comprehensive history of licensing actions and licensee performance compiled as one document

  6. Energetic particle radiations measured by particle detector on board CBERS-1 satellite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO YongQiang; XIAO Zuo; ZOU Hong; ZHANG DongHe

    2007-01-01

    Using the data measured by energetic particle detector on board CBERS-01 and -02 for the past five years, statistics was made to show the general features of MeV electrons and protons along a solar synchronous orbit at an altitude of 780 km. This height is in the bottom region of the Earth's radiation belts. Detectors are inside the satellite cabinet and such continuous monitoring of particle radiation environment inside a satellite has seldom conducted so far. After a proper and careful treatment, it is indicated that the data inside satellite are well correlated with the radiation environment outside. Besides the agreement of the general distribution characteristics of energetic electrons and protons with similar observations from other satellites, attention is particularly paid to the disturbed conditions. Variations of particle fluxes are closely related with solar proton events, in general, electron fluxes of outer belt are well correlated with Dst index after three days' delay while the electron injection occurred almost at the same day during great magnetic storms. It is confirmed that both energetic electrons and protons appear in the Polar Cap region only after the solar proton events.

  7. STRIPING NOISE REMOVAL OF IMAGES ACQUIRED BY CBERS 2 CCD CAMERA SENSOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Amraei

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available CCD Camera is a multi-spectral sensor that is carried by CBERS 2 satellite. Imaging technique in this sensor is push broom. In images acquired by the CCD Camera, some vertical striping noise can be seen. This is due to the detectors mismatch, inter detector variability, improper calibration of detectors and low signal-to-noise ratio. These noises are more profound in images acquired from the homogeneous surfaces, which are processed at level 2. However, the existence of these noises render the interpretation of the data and extracting information from these images difficult. In this work, spatial moment matching method is proposed to modify these images. In this method, the statistical moments such as mean and standard deviation of columns in each band are used to balance the statistical specifications of the detector array to those of reference values. After the removal of the noise, some periodic diagonal stripes remain in the image where their removal by using the aforementioned method seems impossible. Therefore, to omit them, frequency domain Butterworth notch filter was applied. Finally to evaluate the results, the image statistical moments such as the mean and standard deviation were deployed. The study proves the effectiveness of the method in noise removal.

  8. 10 CFR 32.22 - Self-luminous products containing tritium, krypton-85 or promethium-147: Requirements for license...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Self-luminous products containing tritium, krypton-85 or... containing tritium, krypton-85 or promethium-147: Requirements for license to manufacture, process, produce... self-luminous products containing tritium, krypton-85, or promethium-147, or to initially transfer...

  9. Freely Licensed and Open Source Pipelines for Art Based Film and Media Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Whitehead

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Given the number of free/libre and open source licensed tools, and the number of "no cost" applications at the fingertips of the artist/animator/film developer today, the ability to "create what you will" is now an option for everyone. The advent of affordable media development tools has opened up the world of media production to those who were previously locked out of the Hollywood studio system. Proprietary software including Adobe Creative Suite, Autodesk?s Maya, Nuke, After Effects, Final Draft, and a litany of other necessary tools creates a financial wall so high that ?will? cannot overcome it alone. In this article, we examine a standard pipeline from a birds-eye-view for anyone with a will to create an Indie film. Without breaking the bank, the entire pipeline is achievable using F/LOSS tools and content that is available under a creative commons license. This allows high quality media development for all. In many cases, these same tools are being used by the Hollywood elite.

  10. Problems concerning waste-product-control for licensing of final-repositories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Federal Republic of Germany all radioactive waste are to be disposed in a deep geological underground formation - either Low-, Medium,- and High-Active-Wastes (LAW, MAW, HAW). Since Germany is a federal state and the planned repositories are sited in Low Saxony this State Ministry of Environment has to license the site by order of the Federal Government. Planned are the following repositories: Iron-ore mine Konrad for non-heatproducing wastes (LAW) Salt-dome Gorleben. Both repositories will be operated by the Federal Agency for Radiation Protection. This paper reports on the one main problem - the title of this contribution is the quality control of the waste products to be disposed in the final repositories, either produced in Germany or in other European countries during reprocessing of German fuel elements

  11. Licensing for tritium production in a commercial light water reactor: A utility view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a December 1995 Record of Decision for the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Tritium Supply and Recycling, the US Department of Energy (DOE) decided to pursue a dual-track approach to determine the preferred option for future production of tritium for the nuclear weapons stockpile. The two options to be pursued were (a) the Accelerator Production of Tritium and (b) the use of commercial light water reactors (CLWRs). DOE committed to select one of these two options as the primary means of tritium production by the end of 1998. The other option would continue to be pursued as a backup to the primary option. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) became involved in the tritium program in early 1996, in response to an inquiry from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for an expression of interest by utilities operating nuclear power plants (NPPs). In June 1996, TVA was one of two utilities to respond to a request for proposals to irradiate lead test assemblies (LTAs) containing tritium-producing burnable absorber rods (TPBARs). TVA proposed that the LTAs be placed in Watts Bar NPP Unit 1 (WBN). TVA participated with DOE (the Defense Programs Office of CLWR Tritium Production), PNNL, and Westinghouse Electric Company (Westinghouse) in the design process to ensure that the TPBARs would be compatible with safe operation of WBN. Following US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issuance of a Safety Evaluation Report (SER) (NUREG-1607), TVA submitted a license amendment request to the NRC for approval to place four LTAs, containing eight TPBARs each, in WBN during the September 1997 refueling outage. In December 1998, DOE announced the selection of the CLWR program as the primary option for tritium production and identified the TVA WBN and Sequoyah NPP (SQN) Units 1 and 2 (SQN-1 and SQN-2, respectively) reactors as the preferred locations to perform tritium production. TVA will prepare license amendment requests for the three plants (WBN, SQN-1

  12. Removal of Review and Reclassification Procedures for Biological Products Licensed Prior to July 1, 1972. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-12

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is removing two regulations that prescribe procedures for FDA's review and classification of biological products licensed before July 1, 1972. FDA is taking this action because the two regulations are obsolete and no longer necessary in light of other statutory and regulatory authorities established since 1972, which allow FDA to evaluate and monitor the safety and effectiveness of all biological products. In addition, other statutory and regulatory authorities authorize FDA to revoke a license for biological products because they are not safe and effective, or are misbranded. FDA is taking this action as part of its retrospective review of its regulations to promote improvement and innovation. PMID:26878738

  13. Investigation into the dosage form attributes of currently UK licensed cardiovascular and Parkinson's disease drug products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanning, S M; Muhamed, J; Orlu-Gul, M

    2015-02-01

    Globally, there is a continuous rise in the older population (over 65 years), particularly in developed countries. As many diseases are age-related, older adults represent a highly heterogeneous cohort. This presents a major challenge for both the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare professionals. The purpose of this research was to attract attention towards the appropriateness of geriatric formulations by investigating the dosage form attributes of currently UK licensed cardiovascular and Parkinson's disease drug products. Medication available in the UK for cardiovascular disorders and Parkinson's disease were screened and the available formulations, packaging and patient information leaflets of these medicines were analysed, with the goal of raising awareness of the need to cater for elderly patients with increasing difficulty in managing their medication. It emerged that although cardiovascular disorders and Parkinson's disease are more prevalent in older people, many treatment options have not been optimised for this cohort. In particular, older patient centred dosage forms, specific dosing requirements, excipients, patient-friendly packaging and easy-to-follow patient information were highlighted as areas to be considered in order to optimise health outcomes in the ageing population. PMID:25556052

  14. Identifying Spatial Units of Human Occupation in the Brazilian Amazon Using Landsat and CBERS Multi-Resolution Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Sobral Escada

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Every spatial unit of human occupation is part of a network structuring an extensive process of urbanization in the Amazon territory. Multi-resolution remote sensing data were used to identify and map human presence and activities in the Sustainable Forest District of Cuiabá-Santarém highway (BR-163, west of Pará, Brazil. The limits of spatial units of human occupation were mapped based on digital classification of Landsat-TM5 (Thematic Mapper 5 image (30m spatial resolution. High-spatial-resolution CBERS-HRC (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite-High-Resolution Camera images (5 m merged with CBERS-CCD (Charge Coupled Device images (20 m were used to map spatial arrangements inside each populated unit, describing intra-urban characteristics. Fieldwork data validated and refined the classification maps that supported the categorization of the units. A total of 133 spatial units were individualized, comprising population centers as municipal seats, villages and communities, and units of human activities, such as sawmills, farmhouses, landing strips, etc. From the high-resolution analysis, 32 population centers were grouped in four categories, described according to their level of urbanization and spatial organization as: structured, recent, established and dependent on connectivity. This multi-resolution approach provided spatial information about the urbanization process and organization of the territory. It may be extended into other areas or be further used to devise a monitoring system, contributing to the discussion of public policy priorities for sustainable development in the Amazon.

  15. 76 FR 79203 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Veterinary Biological Products for Swine Influenza Vaccines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... contemplating the grant of an exclusive license to practice the inventions embodied in Patent Applications USSN... business in 1520 Prairie Drive, Worthington, MN 56187. The patent rights in this invention have been... considered. ADDRESSES: Requests for a copy of the patent application, inquiries, comments and other...

  16. Investigation into the dosage form attributes of currently UK licensed cardiovascular and Parkinson's disease drug products

    OpenAIRE

    Hanning, S. M.; Muhamed, J.; Orlu-Gul, M.

    2015-01-01

    Globally, there is a continuous rise in the older population (over 65 years), particularly in developed countries. As many diseases are age-related, older adults represent a highly heterogeneous cohort. This presents a major challenge for both the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare professionals. The purpose of this research was to attract attention towards the appropriateness of geriatric formulations by investigating the dosage form attributes of currently UK licensed cardiovascular and...

  17. ITER licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ITER was fortunate to have four countries interested in ITER siting to the point where licensing discussions were initiated. This experience uncovered the challenges of licensing a first of a kind, fusion machine under different licensing regimes and helped prepare the way for the site specific licensing process. These initial steps in licensing ITER have allowed for refining the safety case and provide confidence that the design and safety approach will be licensable. With site-specific licensing underway, the necessary regulatory submissions have been defined and are well on the way to being completed. Of course, there is still work to be done and details to be sorted out. However, the informal international discussions to bring both the proponent and regulatory authority up to a common level of understanding have laid the foundation for a licensing process that should proceed smoothly. This paper provides observations from the perspective of the International Team. (author)

  18. Remote Sensing of the EnviSat and Cbers-2B satellites rotation around the centre of mass by photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshkin, N.; Korobeynikova, E.; Shakun, L.; Strakhova, S.; Tang, Z. H.

    2016-08-01

    During 2013-2015 the photometric observations of the EnviSat satellite, which became space debris after the failure in April 2012 in low Earth orbit, were performed. The rotation pole position and slow change in sidereal rotation period were updated on the basis of analysis of specular glints observed in 222 light curves using reduction of synodic periods. Apparently, there are minor oscillations of the rotation pole near the normal to the orbital plane. The sense of the EnviSat's spinning is opposite to the sense of its orbital rotation. The sidereal period is best approximated by the second-order polynomial: Psid (sec) = 0.000021534 ·T2 + 0.04936003 · T + 121.18195 where T is measured in days from the beginning of 2013. This method being applied to another representative of space debris, namely the Cbers-2B satellite, has shown a similar result: there is not precise solution for the rotation pole either as it undergoes oscillations with various time scale from several hours to several months. In 2014, the spin axis made the 10 ° angle with the normal to the orbital plane while the sense of spinning is direct in this case, i.e. coincides with the sense of orbital rotation. The sidereal period is best approximated by the following expression: Psid (sec) = 0.000029543 ·T2 + 0.08094931 · T + 81.31775 where T is measured in days starting from March 10, 2014. This method allows of controlling slow changes in the spatial orientation of the rotation axis of the satellites in which specular reflection of light from flat faces of the surface is inherent.

  19. Análise de mapas de represas publicados na web usando imagens orbitais CCD/CBERS no estado de Minas Gerais Analysis of dams maps published on the web by using orbital CCD/CBERS images in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Ferreira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, bancos de dados públicos e gratuitos disponíveis na World Wide Web (WEB foram utilizados para avaliar as áreas das superfícies dos espelhos d'água das represas de Furnas e do Funil, no Estado de Minas Gerais. O objetivo foi comparar as informações obtidas nos bancos da WEB com os valores das áreas calculadas a partir de imagens do sensor CCD a bordo dos satélites CBERS2 e CBERS2B. A área da represa de Furnas obtida a partir das imagens CCD/CBERS2B, ano 2008, foi de 1.138 km², mas nos bancos de dados consultados esta área estava entre 1.182 e 1.503 km². A represa do Funil, construída em 2003, com superfície de espelho d'água de 29,37 km² e uma ilha com área de 1,93 km² não aparecem nos bancos Atlas, Geominas, IGAM e IBGE. Os resultados mostraram algumas discrepâncias nos bancos de dados publicados na WEB, tais como diferenças em áreas e supressão ou extrapolação de limites do espelho d'água. Concluiu-se que, até o momento, os responsáveis por algumas publicações de bancos de dados no Estado de Minas Gerais não tiveram rigor suficiente com as atualizações. As imagens CCD/CBERS, que também são dados públicos disponíveis na WEB, mostraram ser produtos adequados para verificar, atualizar e melhorar as informações publicadas.In this work some public databases from the World Wide Web (WEB were used to find the area of the Furnas and Funil Dams in Minas Gerais State. The purpose of this work was to compare the WEB public databases values and the real values obtained from the CCD camera images on board CBERS2 and CBERS2B satellites. The Furnas Dam area obtained from CCD/ CBERS2B images, in 2008, was 1.138 km², but in the consulted databases this area ranged from 1.182 to 1.503 km². The dam of the Funil, built in 2003, with a water surface of 29.37 km² and an island with 1.93 km² area, did not appear in Atlas, Geominas, IGAM and IBGE databases. The results revealed some problems in the WEB public

  20. 10 CFR 50.52 - Combining licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Combining licenses. 50.52 Section 50.52 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Issuance, Limitations, and Conditions of Licenses and Construction Permits § 50.52 Combining licenses. The Commission may combine in...

  1. Experience gained in the production of licensable safety-critical software for Darlington NGS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Darlington Nuclear Generating Station is a new station, consisting of four 935 Mw units, built by Ontario Hydro, on the north shore of Lake Ontario, approximately 50 miles east of Toronto. In May, 1987, the first of the four units of this station was approaching the point where Ontario Hydro would be requesting a license to load fuel, and then proceed to first criticality. At this point, however, the regulatory authority, the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) started to show increasing concerns related to the Trip Computer Software associated with Darlington's newly-designed computerized shutdown systems. The concerns centered around whether or not the safety reliability, reviewability, and maintainability of this software could be demonstrated by Ontario Hydro or the system designer, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). In order to back up the validity of their concerns, they hired a well-known consultant, who reviewed the code, and made recommendations concerning its design, implementation, and documentation. Considerable effort was required by Ontario Hydro and AECL in order to comply with those recommendations. This paper describes those efforts, outlines the difficulties encountered, and assesses the lessons learned from them

  2. Concentration of chlorhophyll-a and the limit of the photic zone in the Third River reservoir (Córdoba-Argentina, using images from CBERS-2B satellite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Maria Rodriguez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The satellite images provided by remote sensors represent an important tool for monitoring, controlling and administering water resources. The aim of this work was to model the spatial distribution of the concentration of chlorhophyll-a and the limit of the photic zone in the Rio Tercero reservoir (Córdoba-Argentina, using images from CBERS-2B satellite and a geographical information system (SIG. We selected 15 samples places wherefrom we measured physical, chemical and biological parameters during the fall of 2008. By using a georeferenced image from sensor CBERS-2B and performing an analysis of the principal components (ACP, we were able to identify associations between variables and reflectance values of the satellite bands. Based on these associations and with simple regression models, we were able to know the spatial distribution of the variables: concentration of chlorophyll-a (R2 = 0, 73 and the limit of the photic zone (R2 = 0, 78 in the reservoir as a whole. We may conclude thata there exists a negative correlation between the concentration of chlorophyll-a and the water transparency in reservoir Rio Tercero, as well as that the sensor used allows us to evaluate the quality of the water in a relative short time.

  3. Patent license negotiation :best practices

    OpenAIRE

    Giordano-Coltart, J. (Jennifer); Calkins, C.W. (Charles)

    2009-01-01

    In all areas of the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, the licensing of intellectual property is in most cases an essential step in the translation of basic research into a commercial product. Negotiating IP licensing agreements and developing the terms of the business transaction involve evaluating numerous factors pertaining to the specific circumstances of the parties and the technology at issue. As the quality of the business relationship after licensing of the intellectual prop...

  4. Responsibilities of NARM Licensing States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are 30 Licensing States of Naturally Occurring and Accelerator-Produced Radioactive Materials (NARM) in the U.S. In these States NARM is licensed in a similar manner as is by-product material in the Agreement States. Each Licensing State has the responsibility to identify and evaluate NARM products including informing other State and Federal radiation control agencies of potential problems encountered during the lifetime of the product. Licensing States have authority to perform on-site inspections of manufacturers, enforce radiation regulations, require compliance with all conditions of the license, and amend or terminate the license for possession and use of NARM. A Licensing State also has the responsibility to accept the recommendation on NARM products evaluated by other Licensing States. To assist States in the evaluation of NARM products the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors developed a report entitled 'Guides for Naturally Occurring and Accelerator-Produced Radioactive Materials (NARM).' The NARM Guides report (HEW Publication (FDA) 77-8025) was published by the Bureau of Radiological Health/FDA in July 1977. The NARM Guides establish uniform criteria for evaluating the manufacture, assembly and distribution of NARM products in the U.S. The Radioactive Materials Reference Manual which is coordinated by BRH/FDA is the medium for communicating NARM information with the radiation control agencies of the 50 States, certain Federal and local agencies. (author)

  5. 21 CFR 610.53 - Dating periods for licensed biological products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... years 5 years. Blood Group Substance AB ......do ......do 2 years. Blood Group Substance A ......do ......do Do. Blood Group Substance B ......do ......do Do. Botulism Antitoxin ......do Not applicable 5... blood cells ......do ......do Do. 3. Enzyme conjugated products ......do ......do Do. Iodinated...

  6. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Fosfuri, Andrea; Rønde, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    valuable licensing opportunities because the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives, especially private benefits, of business unit managers are more powerful, making centralization more attractive......Technology licensing is an important means for companies to extract more value from their intellectual assets. We build a model that helps understand how licensing activity should be organized within large corporations. More specifically, we compare decentralization—where the business unit using...... the technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend on product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes...

  7. Brand Licensing : Once you pop you can’t stop: When brand licensing goes too far

    OpenAIRE

    Dementev, Kirill; Lukyanchenko, Yuliya; Emilsson, Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate consumer’s attitude towards licensed products in relation to the parent brand, with respect to perceived quality, likelihood to buy and associations’ transferability. Background: Brand licensing has become one of an increasingly popular ways of stretching a brand into new product categories to reach more consumers in new markets. Despite the fact that brand licensing is less risky than building a brand from scratch, the odds that licensed p...

  8. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Rønde, Thomas; Fosfuri, Andrea

    Over the last decade, companies have paid greater attention to the management of their intellectual assets. We build a model that helps understand how licensing activity should be organized within large corporations. More specifically, we compare decentralization—where the business unit using the...... technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend upon product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes valuable...... licensing opportunities since the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives are more powerful, making centralization more attractive. Growth of technology markets favors centralization and drives higher...

  9. 7 CFR 58.34 - Suspension or revocation of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension or revocation of license. 58.34 Section 58... Dairy Products Licensing of Inspectors Or Graders § 58.34 Suspension or revocation of license. For good... by any argument or evidence that he may wish to offer as to why his license should not be...

  10. 9 CFR 114.7 - Personnel at licensed establishments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personnel at licensed establishments... REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.7 Personnel at licensed establishments. (a) Each licensee shall...) All personnel employed in the preparation of biological products at a licensed establishment shall...

  11. Licensing and Business Models

    OpenAIRE

    Onetti Alberto; Verma Sameer

    2008-01-01

    License affects software companies’ business activities. While proprietary software vendors create custom licenses, open source companies have less flexibility. The Open Source Initiative (OSI) defines a list of 72 licenses as open source (“OSI approved”). For a project to follow open source licensing, it has to pick licenses from this set. Logically, we expect that an open source company defines its business model around the license that it selects. Thus, we can assume that business model de...

  12. Licensing Strategies of the Entreprising - But Vulnerable - `Intellectual property' Vendors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davis, Lee N.

    This paper investigates in an exploratory manner the licensing strategies pursued by firms whose business model is based on developing and licensing out their intellectual property rights (IPRs). These are not traditional suppliers, since they do not engage in production or commercialization, but...... this basis, four main licensing strategies are identified. We investigate the relative benefits and costs of these four strategies, and the factors affecting licensing choices.Key words: Intellectual property, licensing, strategyJEL Codes: O31, OO34...

  13. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic nursing care. They work under the direction of registered ... licensed vocational nurses work in many settings, including nursing homes and extended care facilities, hospitals, physicians’ offices, ...

  14. Licensed Healthcare Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Licensed Healthcare Facilities point layer represents the locations of all healthcare facilities licensed by the State of California, Department of Health...

  15. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensing. 166.10 Section 166.10 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application....

  16. CANDU 9 enhancements and licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CANDU 9 design has followed the evolutionary product development approach that has characterized the CANDU family of nuclear power plants. In addition to utilizing proven equipment and systems from operating stations, the CANDU 9 design has looked ahead to incorporate design and safety enhancements necessary to meet evolving utility and licensing requirements. With the requirement that the CANDU 9 design should be licensable for both domestic and foreign potential users, the pre-project Basic Design Engineering program included a two year formal extensive review by the Canadian Regulatory Agency, the Atomic Energy Control Board . Documentation submitted for the licensing review included the licensing basis, safety requirements and safety analyses necessary to demonstrate compliance with regulations and to assess system design and performance

  17. Licensing to Market with Logit Demand Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Qing-you; ZHU Li-li

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the licensing of a brand innovation to a monopoly in an uncovered market characterized by a logit demand framework. The innovator is an outsider to the market and sells the license via fixed-fee, royalty or their combinations. It is shown that the license occurs irrespective of whether the utility of the new brand is improved or not, and that the optimal licensing policy for the innovator is fixed-fee only. Ultimately, the monopoly produces both the old and the new brand products, even in the case of utility-improving brand innovation. In addition, the incentive for the innovator was examined.

  18. State Licenses & Permits

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Starting a business? Confused about whether you need a business license or permit? Virtually every business needs some form of license or permit to operate legally....

  19. 9 CFR 354.21 - Suspension of license; revocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension of license; revocation. 354... Services § 354.21 Suspension of license; revocation. Pending final action by the Secretary, any person..., supported by any argument or evidence that he may wish to offer as to why his license should not be...

  20. Nuclear power stations licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The judicial aspects of nuclear stations licensing are presented. The licensing systems of the United States, Spain, France and Federal Republic of Germany are focused. The decree n0 60.824 from July 7 sup(th), 1967 and the following legislation which define the systematic and area of competence in nuclear stations licensing are analysed

  1. Repository program licensing approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yucca Mountain, Nevada is currently being studied by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as a potential site for a mined geologic repository for high-level nuclear waste. DOE has the responsibility to determine the suitability of the site and to develop a license application (LA) for authorization to construct the potential repository. If the site is suitable, the license application would be submitted to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The repository program licensing approach is focused on the timely acquisition of information needed in licensing and the resolution of potential licensing issues with the NRC staff. Licensing involves an iterative process requiring refinements as data are acquired, analyzed, and evaluated. The repository licensing approach presented in this paper ensures that the information is available when needed to facilitate the licensing process. Identifying the information needed to evaluate compliance with the performance objectives in 10 CFR 60, monitoring the acquisition of such information, and developing a successful license application are integral elements of DOE's repository program licensing approach. Activities to characterize the site are being systematically conducted as planned in the Site Characterization Plan (SCP). In addition, DOE is implementing the issue resolution initiative, the license application annotated outline (LAAO) process, and interim licensability evaluations to update the early planning in the SCP and to focus site characterization, design, and performance assessment activities on the acquisition of information needed for a site suitability determination and licensing. Collectively, the issue resolution initiative, LAAO process, and interim licensability evaluations are key elements of a transition to the iterative process to answer the question: open-quotes When do we have enough data to support licensing?close quotes

  2. Operator licensing examiner standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes

  3. Current status of the PBMR licensing project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CNS is currently reviewing the PBMR conceptual design from a licensibility point of view. The PBMR concept is based on a High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor - pebble bed reactor type. It is anticipated that the PBMR design will rely on inherent safety characteristics to contain fission products within fuel over the full range of design basis events. This feature combined with the high temperature integrity of the fuel and structural graphite, allows the safe use of a high coolant temperature, which allows consideration of the future development of this reactor for non-electrical applications of nuclear heat for industrial use. The CNS licensing approach requires that the licensing and design basis of the plant should respect prevailing international norms and practices and that a quantitative risk assessment should demonstrate compliance with the CNS fundamental safety standards. The first stage of the licensing process is now ongoing; this is a pre-application phase, which will result in a statement on licensibility being issued. Identification of the specific documentation requirements and information needed is required across every step of the licensing process. Top level regulatory requirements have been established for the PBMR. They include the CNS fundamental safety standard and basic licensing criteria, which describes requirements on licensees of nuclear installations regarding risk assessment and compliance with the safety criteria and define classification of licensing basis events. (author)

  4. Whom to Choose as License Partner?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Reichstein, Toke; Trombini, Giulia

    2013-01-01

    benefits and obviate issues related to technology transfer and knowledge recombination. At the same time, firms wish to select a partner operating in a different product market to minimize competitive downside issues and to access other product markets, skills and resources. We contend interdependence......This paper investigates the matching of firms on the market for technology. The paper forwards two dimensions along which license formation occurs: technology and product-market. Both sides of the market search for a partner representing potential for high technology synergies to maximize licensing...... between technology and market forces: if partners are market distant, the likelihood of technology license contractual partnership decreases with partners’ technological distance. Using data on the formation of license partnerships in the global biopharmaceutical industry over the period 1994-2004 the...

  5. 21 CFR 515.23 - Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.23 Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill license. A license issued...

  6. 21 CFR 515.21 - Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.21 Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application. (a)...

  7. A systematic review of the safety information contained within the Summaries of Product Characteristics of medications licensed in the United Kingdom for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. how does the safety prescribing advice compare with national guidance?

    OpenAIRE

    Savill Nicola; Bushe Chris J

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The safety of paediatric medications is paramount and contraindications provide clear pragmatic advice. Further advice may be accessed through Summaries of Product Characteristics (SPCs) and relevant national guidelines. The SPC can be considered the ultimate independent guideline and is regularly updated. In 2008, the authors undertook a systematic review of the SPC contraindications of medications licensed in the United Kingdom (UK) for the treatment of Attention Deficit...

  8. Trends in nuclear licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of nuclear safety and licensing is briefly reviewed in four stages namely: The Formative Period (1946-1959), The Expansive Period (1960-1969), The Mature Period (1970-1979) and the Apprehensive Period (1980-1989). Particular safety issues in the respective periods are highlighted to indicate the changing emphasis of nuclear licensing over the past thirty years or so. Against this background, nuclear licensing. (author)

  9. Licensed bases management for advanced nuclear plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prospective Advanced Nuclear Plant (ANP) owners must have high confidence that the integrity of the licensed bases (LB) of a plant will be effectively maintained over its life cycle. Currently, licensing engineers use text retrieval systems, database managers, and checklists to access, update, and maintain vast and disparate licensing information libraries. This paper describes the demonstration of a ''twin-engine'' approach that integrates a program from the emerging class of concept searching tools with a modern Product Data Management System (PDMS) to enhance the management of LB information for an example ANP design. (author)

  10. Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and...

  11. Licensing, supervision, retrofitting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture deals in detail with questions on the systematization and coordination of the elements the Atomic Energy Act defines as relevant to licensing; discretion to deny a licence for safety reasons - other licensing reservations under environmental law - protection of third parties - provisions for waste disposal and compliance with international obligations - protective aim of the law; questions on a concentrating effect in licensing and other administrative decisions; introduction of a plan approval procedure or site assessment and procedure; staged licensing procedure, dynamization of provisions against damage; subsequent obligations; introduction of periodical safety checks; abolition of the indemnification obligation pursuant to Paragraph 18 Section 3 of the Atomic Energy Act. (HSCH)

  12. Operator licensing examiner standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining licensees and applicants for reactor operator and senior reactor operator licenses at power reactor facilities pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). The Examiner Standards are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to better understand the initial and requalification examination processes and to ensure the equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator licensing policy changes

  13. 50 CFR 260.50 - Suspension or revocation of license of licensed sampler or licensed inspector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of license of... Licensing of Samplers and Inspectors § 260.50 Suspension or revocation of license of licensed sampler or... or evidence that he may wish to offer as to why his license should not be suspended or revoked....

  14. Operator licensing examiner standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes. As appropriate, these standards will be revised periodically to accommodate comments and reflect new information or experience

  15. Screening vs. signaling in technology licensing

    OpenAIRE

    Manel Antelo

    2010-01-01

    A patent holder owning a two-period lasting innovation is unable to push it into the market, so it is licensed to a downstream user with production capabilities to market it. The production cost of this firm can be low or high, but the patent holder has only a prior on this fact

  16. 7 CFR 1530.103 - License eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE THE REFINED SUGAR RE-EXPORT PROGRAM, THE SUGAR CONTAINING PRODUCTS RE-EXPORT PROGRAM, AND THE POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL PROGRAM § 1530.103 License eligibility. (a) A raw cane sugar refiner, a manufacturer of sugar containing products, or a producer of certain polyhydric alcohols, that owns and...

  17. Allegheny County Dog Licenses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — A list of dog license dates, dog breeds, and dog name by zip code. Currently this dataset does not include City of Pittsburgh dogs.

  18. 9 CFR 102.4 - U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Veterinary Biologics... LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.4 U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License. (a) Before a U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License will be issued by the Administrator for any establishment,...

  19. Nuclear facilities licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need for the adoption of a legal and normative system, defining objectives, pescriptions and the process of nuclear licensing and building of nuclear power plants in Brazil is enphasized. General rules for the development of this system are presented. The Brazilian rules on the matter are discussed. A general view of the German legal system for nuclear power plant licensing and the IAEA recommendations on the subject are finally presented. (A.L.S.L.)

  20. Operator licensing examiner standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining licensees and applicants for reactor operator and senior reactor operator licenses at power reactor facilities pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). The Examiner Standards are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to better understand the initial and requalification examination processes and to ensure the equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator licensing policy changes. Revision 7 was published in January 1993 and became effective in August 1993. Supplement 1 is being issued primarily to implement administrative changes to the requalification examination program resulting from the amendment to 10 CFR 55 that eliminated the requirement for every licensed operator to pass an NRC-conducted requalification examination as a condition for license renewal. The supplement does not substantially alter either the initial or requalification examination processes and will become effective 30 days after its publication is noticed in the Federal Register. The corporate notification letters issued after the effective date will provide facility licensees with at least 90 days notice that the examinations will be administered in accordance with the revised procedures

  1. CANDU 9 safety enhancements and licensability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CANDU 9 design has followed the evolutionary product development approach that has characterized the CANDU family of nuclear power plants. In addition to utilizing proven equipment and systems from operating stations, the CANDU 9 design has looked ahead to incorporate design and safety enhancements necessary to meet evolving utility and regulatory requirements both in Canada and overseas. To demonstrate licensability in Canada, and to assure overseas customers that the design had independent regulatory review in the country of origin, the pre-project Basic Engineering Program included an extensive two year formal review by the Canadian regulatory authority, the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB). Documentation submitted for this licensing review included the licensing basis, safety requirements and safety analysis necessary to demonstrate compliance with regulations as well as to assess system design and performance. The licensing review was successfully completed in 1997 January. In addition, to facilitate licensability in Korea, CANDU 9 incorporates feedback from the application of Korean licensing requirements to the CANDU 6 reactors at Wolsong site. (author)

  2. 7 CFR 52.32 - Suspension or revocation of license of licensed sampler or licensed inspector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension or revocation of license of licensed... Inspection and Certification Licensing of Samplers and Inspectors § 52.32 Suspension or revocation of license..., with the Secretary supported by any argument or evidence that he may wish to offer as to why...

  3. 75 FR 75177 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... Federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing... comparable market in Europe, the global market for such products forecast to be over $300 million. In...

  4. GOVERNOR ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVITY LICENSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maslennikova L. V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses the licensing of governor organizations activity in connection with amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation by adoption of a Federal law of 21.07.2014 N 255-FZ «On amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation, some legislative acts of the Russian Federation and on declare force Certain Provisions of Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation void » and the Government Resolution adoption of the of 28.10.2014г. N 1110 «On entrepreneur activity in apartment buildings’ government licensing». The urgency of the issue of the apartment buildings licensing activity is associated with the modernization of housing and communal services and legal regulation in this area. Introduction of the governor organizations activity licensing without securing in law the concept of "governor organizations" is a significant flaw of the legislator. As a result, the author gives the concept of governor organizations based on the analysis of scientific papers and current legislation. In addition, the article analyzes the introduction of licensing control, assesses the established order of the three registers on the governor organizations activity. The presented paper examines the experience of foreign countries associated with the activities on the apartment building common property management as well, and the state control over such activity. The authors examine violations of housing legislation that may cause the governor organizations and their officials’ administrative responsibility

  5. Nuclear licensing in Slovenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article presents the approach to nuclear licensing in Slovenia. The paper describes, the initialization, internal authorization and review process in the Krsko NPP. The overall process includes preparation, internal independent evaluation, the Krsko Operating Committee and the Krsko Safety Committee review and internal approval. In addition, the continuation of the licensing process is discussed which includes independent evaluation by an authorized institution and a regulatory body approval process. This regulatory body approval process includes official hearing of the licensee, communication with the licensee, and final issuance of a license amendment. The internal evaluation, which follows the methodology of US NRC (defined in 10 CFR 50.59 and NUMARC 125) is described. This concept is partially implemented in domestic legislation.(author)

  6. Software licenses: Stay honest!

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Do you recall our article about copyright violation in the last issue of the CERN Bulletin, “Music, videos and the risk for CERN”? Now let’s be more precise. “Violating copyright” not only means the illegal download of music and videos, it also applies to software packages and applications.   Users must respect proprietary rights in compliance with the CERN Computing Rules (OC5). Not having legitimately obtained a program or the required licenses to run that software is not a minor offense. It violates CERN rules and puts the Organization at risk! Vendors deserve credit and compensation. Therefore, make sure that you have the right to use their software. In other words, you have bought the software via legitimate channels and use a valid and honestly obtained license. This also applies to “Shareware” and software under open licenses, which might also come with a cost. Usually, only “Freeware” is complete...

  7. License to Learn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Boccardelli, Paolo; Reichstein, Toke;

    2016-01-01

    . Licensees that are more familiar with the licensed technology are in less need of assistance from the licensors to assimilate and integrate the knowledge. However, this substitution effect is neutralized once the hurdle of invention has been overcome, meaning that the licensees have succeeded to ignite the......This article introduces the distinction between thin and thick contracts to the investigation of licensing-in as a mechanism for technological learning. Thick contracts include a clause specifying that the licensors are obligated to assist the licensees in assimilating and integrating the...

  8. Operating reactors licensing actions summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors

  9. 21 CFR 515.24 - Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.24 Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill license. When a...

  10. 76 FR 13972 - United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Farm Service Agency United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement AGENCY... warehouse licenses may be issued under the United States ] Warehouse Act (USWA). Through this notice, FSA is... licenses for agricultural products include grain, cotton, nuts, cottonseed, and dry beans....

  11. 9 CFR 2.10 - Licensees whose licenses have been suspended or revoked.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... suspended or revoked. 2.10 Section 2.10 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION... have been suspended or revoked. (a) Any person whose license has been suspended for any reason shall....12. (b) Any person whose license has been revoked shall not be licensed in his or her own name or...

  12. Understanding Licensing Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cabaleiro, Goretti; Moreira, Solon; Reichstein, Toke

    The potential for rent dissipation has been argued to be the main cause of firms? licensing out behavior being stifled.However, this aspect has been scarcely studied empirically. We draw on rent dissipation arguments, and hypothesize that firms suffering from the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome...

  13. Trends in CANDU licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern utilities view nuclear power more and more as a commodity - it must compete 'today' with current alternatives to attract their investment. With its long construction times and large capital investment, nuclear plants are vulnerable to delays once they have been committed. There are two related issues. Where the purchaser and the regulator are experienced in CANDU, the thrust is a very practical one: to identify and resolve major licensing risks at a very early stage in the project. Thus for a Canadian project, the designer (AECL) and the prospective purchaser would deal directly with the AECB. However CANDU has also been successfully licensed in other countries, including Korea, Romania, Argentina, India and Pakistan. Each of these countries has its own regulatory agency responsible for licensing the plant. In addition, however, the foreign customer and regulator may seek input from the AECB, up to and including a statement of licensability in Canada; this is not normally needed for a ''repeat'' plant and/or if the customer is experienced in CANDU, but can be requested if the plant configuration has been modified significantly from an already-operating CANDU. It is thus the responsibility of the designer to initiate early discussions with the AECB so the foreign CANDU meets the expectations of its customers

  14. A License To Deal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanville, Tom

    1999-01-01

    Discusses consortium-based licensing as a means of meeting libraries' information resources needs. Topics include information needs, the need for more affordable information, requirements for libraries and for vendors, competition across disciplines, saving money, pricing and market practices, experiences at OhioLINK, and future possibilities.…

  15. Operating reactors licensing actions summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis

  16. Automatic Licenses Plate Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Ronak P Patel; Narendra M Patel; Keyur Brahmbhatt

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the Smart Vehicle Screening System, which can be installed into a tollboothfor automated recognition of vehicle license plate information using a photograph of a vehicle. An automatedsystem could then be implemented to control the payment of fees, parking areas, highways, bridges ortunnels, etc. This paper contains new algorithm for recognition number plate using Morphological operation,Thresholding operation, Edge detection, Bounding box analysis for number plate extract...

  17. Advanced reactor licensing issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In July 1986 the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued a Policy Statement on the Regulation of Advanced Nuclear Power Plants. As part of this policy advanced reactor designers were encouraged to interact with NRC early in the design process to obtain feedback regarding licensing requirements for advanced reactors. Accordingly, the staff has been interacting with the Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors on the review of three advanced reactor conceptual designs: one modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR) and two Liquid Metal Reactors (LMRs). As a result of these interactions certain safety issues associated with these advanced reactor designs have been identified as key to the licensability of the designs as proposed by DOE. The major issues in this regard are: (1) selection and treatment of accident scenarios; (2) selection of siting source term; (3) performance and reliability of reactor shutdown and decay heat removal systems; (4) need for conventional containment; (5) need for conventional emergency evacuation; (6) role of the operator; (7) treatment of balance of plant; and (8) modular approach. This paper provides a status of the NRC review effort, describes the above issues in more detail and provides the current status and approach to the development of licensing guidance on each

  18. License renewal - an idea whose time has come. Hatch nuclear plant license renewal program: an actual example of application of the license renewal rule to the Intake Structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the NRC issued a revised license renewal rule in May 1995, the nuclear industry focussed on developing generic industry for implementing the rule and testing the guidance through various demonstration programs and work products in conjunction with the NRC. In addition, plant-specific programs also proceeded forward. These activities show that implementation issues continue to exist. Since the issuance of the rule, the NRC has issued a draft standard review plan for license renewal (SRP-LR), working draft, September 1997. Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC) has begun development work on a license renewal application for Plant Hatch Units 1 and 2. Plant Hatch Units 1 and 2 are BWR 4, Mark I plants whose operating licenses expire in 2014 and 2018, respectively. The Plant Hatch initiative also involves teaming with other boiling water reactors (BWRs) to develop the license renewal technology within the BWR fleet, and to support Plant Hatch by providing an oversight role for the application process. The teaming effort involved two other utilities, each being assigned to prepare a common report on a mechanical system or a structure. The common report could be presented to the NRC with modifications to suit the individual plants, thereby saving time and money, and hopefully resulting in quicker approval by the NRC. The desired license renewal process end result is a renewed license with up to a 20 year extension (10CFR 54.31(b)). (orig.)

  19. A systematic review of the safety information contained within the Summaries of Product Characteristics of medications licensed in the United Kingdom for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. how does the safety prescribing advice compare with national guidance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savill Nicola

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The safety of paediatric medications is paramount and contraindications provide clear pragmatic advice. Further advice may be accessed through Summaries of Product Characteristics (SPCs and relevant national guidelines. The SPC can be considered the ultimate independent guideline and is regularly updated. In 2008, the authors undertook a systematic review of the SPC contraindications of medications licensed in the United Kingdom (UK for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD. At that time, there were fewer contraindications reported in the SPC for atomoxetine than methylphenidate and the specific contraindications varied considerably amongst methylphenidate formulations. In 2009, the European Medicines Agency (EMA mandated harmonisation of methylphenidate SPCs. Between September and November 2011, there were three changes to the atomoxetine SPC that resulted in revised prescribing information. In addition, Clinical Guidance has also been produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE (2008, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN (2009 and the British National Formulary for Children (BNFC. Methods An updated systematic review of the Contraindications sections of the SPCs of all medications currently licensed for treatment of ADHD in the UK was undertaken and independent statements regarding contraindications and relevant warnings and precautions were then compared with UK national guidance with the aim of assessing any disparity and potential areas of confusion for prescribers. Results As of November 2011, there were seven medications available in the UK for the treatment of ADHD. There are 15 contraindications for most formulations of methylphenidate, 14 for dexamfetamine and 5 for atomoxetine. Significant differences exist between the SPCs and national guidance part due to the ongoing reactive process of amending the former as new information becomes known

  20. Exporting the Canadian licensing program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the problems of an overseas regulatory agency in licensing a Canadian-supplied nuclear plant which is referenced to a plant in Canada. Firstly, the general problems associated with the use of a reference plant are discussed. This is followed by a discussion of specific problems which arise from the licensing practices in Canada. The paper concludes with recommendations to simplify the task of demonstrating the licensability of an overseas CANDU plant

  1. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operating Units Status Report --- Licensed Operating Reactors provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management from the Headquarters staff on NRC's Office of Enforcement (OE), from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. The three sections of the report are: monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC's Regional Offices, OE Headquarters and the utilities; and an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor-years of experience and non- power reactors in the US

  2. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly Licensed Operating Reactors Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. Since all of the data concerning operation of the units is provided by the utility operators less than two weeks after the end of the month, necessary corrections to published information are shown on the errata page

  3. Validation, acceptance and licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The licensing process requires communication of complex scientific and technical information. In this paper transfer of such information is discussed using concepts and ideas from systems analysis, cybernetics and argumentation theory. A simple model for the decision process is developed. The analysis stresses the need for careful design of the communication channels between the three systems involved: the political system, the judicial-regulatory system and the scientific-technical community. The Dialogue - Scenario project initiated by the Swedish nuclear Inspectorate is briefly presented

  4. FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and...

  5. Operating reactors licensing actions summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the operating reactors licensing actions program. Its content will change based on NRC management informational requirements

  6. NRC licensing of uranium enrichment plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is preparing a rule making that establishes the licensing requirements for low-enriched uranium enrichment plants. Although implementation of this rule making is timed to correspond with receipt of a license application for the Louisiana Energy Services centrifuge enrichment plant, the rule making is applicable to all uranium enrichment technologies. If ownership of the US gaseous diffusion plants and/or atomic vapor laser isotope separation is transferred to a private or government corporation, these plants also would be licensable under the new rule making. The Safeguards Studies Department was tasked by the NRC to provide technical assistance in support of the rule making and guidance preparation process. The initial and primary effort of this task involved the characterization of the potential safeguards concerns associated with a commercial enrichment plant, and the licensing issues associated with these concerns. The primary safeguards considerations were identified as detection of the loss of special nuclear material, detection of unauthorized production of material of low strategic significance, and detection of production of uranium enriched to >10% 235U. The primary safeguards concerns identified were (1) large absolute limit of error associated with the material balance closing, (2) the inability to shutdown some technologies to perform a cleanout inventory of the process system, and (3) the flexibility of some technologies to produce higher enrichments. Unauthorized production scenarios were identified for some technologies that could prevent conventional material control and accounting programs from detecting the production and removal of 5 kg 235U as highly enriched uranium. Safeguards techniques were identified to mitigate these concerns

  7. 76 FR 10378 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing... facilitate the ] production of a digestion product with a homogeneous C-terminus. Applications Removal short...@mail.nih.gov for more information. A DsbC Expression Vector for the Production of Proteins...

  8. Licensing topical report: the measurement and modelling of time-dependent fission product release from failed HTGR fuel particles under accident conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The release of fission products from failed fuel particles was measured under simulated accident (core heatup) conditions. A generic model and specific model parameters that describe delayed fission product release from the kernels of failed HTGR fuel particles were developed from the experimental results. The release of fission products was measured from laser-failed BISO ThO2 and highly enriched (HEU) TRISO UC2 particles that had been irradiated to a range of kernel burnups. The burnups were 0.25, 1.4, and 15.7% FIMA for ThO2 particles and 23.5 and 74% FIMA for UC2 particles. The fission products measured were nuclides of xenon, iodine, krypton, tellurium, and cesium

  9. Intellectual property licensing issues in the holography business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gortych, Joseph E.

    2006-02-01

    Increasingly, many high-tech companies are acquiring or transferring "leases" to the innovations used to make products. In legal parlance, these innovations-which may include new manufacturing methods, applications, devices or improvements-are considered "intellectual property" (IP), and the "leases" are referred to as "licenses." The holography business, like many other high-tech businesses, has evolved over many decades and consists of many densely packed IP subspaces. However, the IP space is constantly expanding through the development of new innovations and applications, such as security and storage applications, and new materials. Additionally, like most IP, the quality and business value of holographic IP ranges widely, which makes for a challenging IP licensing environment. This paper addresses IP licensing issues in the holography business, including some basics about the forms of IP and the basic types of IP licenses, the role of an IP space analysis in licensing activities, best-practice management of licensing activities, and how IP is properly scrutinized to assess licensing potential. The concept of the patent pool is discussed in connection with security holograms as well as other technologies.

  10. Essays on the economics of licensing nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulation and licensing of nuclear power plants by the United States Atomic Energy Commission and the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission are discussed. Chapter 1 overviews the licensing process and issues raised in licensing cases. Based on a sample of plants licensed between 1967 and 1978, a statistical study of the impact of public participation in licensing is performed. The study concludes that public participation has had a major impact on licensing and power-plant costs. The impact is due to a fundamental weakness of the Commissions: their inability to resolve certain issues related to acceptable social risk. The study has important policy implications for reforming the Federal licensing process. Chapter 2 contains an analysis of the Price-Anderson Act, a Federal program for compensating victims of large nuclear accidents. The Price-Anderson Act is placed within the context of generalized federal disaster relief. A model is developed that allows an evaluation programs on the basis of moral hazard and equity principles. Chapter 3 analyzes the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's treatment of its mandatory antitrust review of applicants for nuclear power plants. The main conclusion of the chapter is that the reviews have not addressed the central economic issues of antitrust that are relevant to nuclear power. Instead, the reviews contribute to further cartelization of the electric utility industry. While politically expedient, the reviews are counter-productive to the development of an optimal industry structure

  11. License Plate Recognition System based on Image Processing Using Labview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuldeepak

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A License plate recognition (LPR system is one kind of an intelligent transport system and is of considerable interest because of its potential applications in highway electronic toll collection and traffic monitoring systems. A lot of work has been done regarding LPR systems for Korean, Chinese, European and US license plates that generated many commercial products. However, little work has been done for Indian license plate recognition systems. The purpose of this paper is to develop a real time application which recognizes license plates from cars at a gate, for example at the entrance of a parking area or a border crossing. The system, based on regular PC with video camera, catches video frames which include a visible car license plate and processes them. Once a license plate is detected, its digits are recognized, displayed on the user interface or checked against a database. The focus is on the design of algorithms used for extracting the license plate from a single image, isolating the characters of the plate and identifying the individual characters. The proposed system has been implemented using Vision Assistant 8.2.1 & Labview 11.0 the recognition of about 98% vehicles shows that the system is quite efficient.

  12. WNA Licensing and Permitting Survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation treats of licensing and permitting practices - views of the international nuclear industry. It provides an overview of a survey by WNA on licensing that was completed in September 2012. It explains that responses to the survey were received from utilities, vendors and architect engineer firms across 4 continents. It notes that all nuclear stakeholders agree that safety and security is paramount in any licensing process. It also notes that the survey focuses the interaction of regulatory process with the industry's commercial activities, such as procurement, contracting, and finance. The results of the survey indicate that one licensing model does not fit all and that the regulatory, political and economic environments are very diverse across countries. The presentation highlights differences and some pros and cons for one-step and two-or multi-step licensing. It also highlights the importance of pre-licensing activities. It notes that vendor and site selection are also different and can be commercial or government influenced. Regarding contracting, the survey indicates that it is not practical to develop or advocate for standardization because of the diversity of factors driving commercial considerations. Regarding financing, it highlights the importance of a clear and predictable licensing regime to the availability of financing. It concludes by noting that international harmonization of safety requirements and standardization of designs would greatly facilitate licensing, although there still remains a long way to go in that regard

  13. The Monticello license renewal project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today, 111 nuclear power plants provide over 20 percent of the electrical energy generated in the United States. The operating license of the oldest operating plant will expire in 2003, one-third of the existing operating licenses will expire by 2010 and the newest plant's operating license will expire in 2033. The National Energy Strategy (NES) prepared by the Department of Energy (DOE) assumes that 70 percent of the current operating plants will continue to operate beyond their current license expiration. Power from current operating plants can assist in ensuring an adequate, diverse, and environmentally acceptable energy supply for economic growth and improved U.S. competitiveness. In order to preserve this energy resource, three major tasks must be successfully completed: (1) establishment of regulations, technical standards, and procedures for the preparation and review of License Renewal Applications (LRAs); (2) development of technical criteria and bases for monitoring, refurbishing or replacing plant equipment; and (3) demonstration of the regulatory process by a plant obtaining a renewed license. Since 1986, the DOE has been working with the nuclear industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to establish and demonstrate the option to extend the life of a nuclear power plant by renewing the operating license. The Monticello Lead Plant demonstration project was initiated in September 1988, following the Pilot Plant studies. This paper is primarily focused on the status and insights gained from the Northern States Power Company (NSP) Monticello Lead Plant demonstration project. The following information is included: (1) Current Status - Monticello License Renewal Application; (2) Economic Analysis; (3) License Renewal Regulatory Uncertainty Issues; (4) Key Decisions; (5) Management Structure; (6) Technical and Licensing Perspective; (7) NRC Interactions; (8) Summary

  14. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly Licensed Operating Reactors Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. This report is divided into three sections: the first contains monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; the second is a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC Regional Offices, IE Headquarters and the Utilities; and the third section is an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor years of experience and non-power reactors in the United States

  15. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    THE OPERATING UNITS STATUS REPORT - LICENSED OPERATING REACTORS provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management from the Headquarters staff of NRC's Office of Enforcement (OE), from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. The three sections of the report are: monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC's Regional Offices, OE Headquarters and the utilities; and an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor-years of experience and non-power reactors in the US

  16. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly LICENSED OPERATING REACTORS Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. This report is divided into three sections: the first contains monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; the second is a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC Regional Offices, IE Headquarters and the Utilities; and the third section is an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor years of experience and non-power reactors in the United States

  17. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's annual summary of licensed nuclear power reactor data is based primarily on the report of operating data submitted by licensees for each unit for the month of December because that report contains data for the month of December, the year to date (in this case calendar 1990) and cumulative data, usually from the date of commercial operation. The data is not independently verified, but various computer checks are made. The report is divided into two sections. The first contains summary highlights and the second contains data on each individual unit in commercial operation. Section 1 capacity and availability factors are simple arithmetic averages. Section 2 items in the cumulative column are generally as reported by the licensee and notes as to the use of weighted averages and starting dates other than commercial operation are provided

  18. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commissions annual summary of licensed nuclear power reactor data is based primarily on the report of operating data submitted by licensees for each unit for the month of December, the year to date (in this case calendar year 1993) and cumulative data, usually for the date of commercial operation. The data is not independently verified, but various computer checks are made. The report is divided into two sections. The first contains summary highlights and the second contains data on each individual unit in commercial operation. Section 1 capacity and availability factors are simple arithmetic averages. Section 2 items in the cumulative column are generally as reported by the licensee and notes as to the use of weighted averages and starting dates other than commercial operation are provided

  19. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly LICENSED OPERATING REACTORS Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. This report is divided into three sections: the first contains monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; the second is a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC Regional Offices, IE Headquarters and the utilities; and the third section is an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor years of experience and non-power reactors in the United States

  20. Decommissioning licensing procedure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decommissioning or closure of a nuclear power plant, defined as the fact that takes place from the moment that the plant stops producing for the purpose it was built, is causing preocupation. So this specialist meeting on Regulatory Review seems to be the right place for presenting and discusing the need of considering the decommissioning in the safety analysis report. The main goal of this paper related to the licensing procedure is to suggest the need of a new chapter in the Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (P.S.A.R.) dealing with the decommissioning of the nuclear power plant. Therefore, after a brief introduction the problem is exposed from the point of view of nuclear safety and finally a format of the new chapter is proposed. (author)

  1. IRIS Licensing Status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kling, Charles L.; Carelli, Mario D. [Westinghouse Electric Company, Windsor (United States)

    2006-04-15

    The International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant is well into the pre-application review process with the US NRC and has accomplished its first near term goal of obtaining US NRC feedback on the long term testing program. To date, the IRIS team has submitted to the US NRC a number of documents patterned after the Evaluation Model Development and Assessment Process (EMDAP) outlined in Regulatory Guide 1,203. They have covered a detailed description of IRIS, initial safety analysis results, PIRT development for limiting transients, scaling analysis and a description of the test program. The IRIS Safety-by-Desing{sup TM} intrinsically eliminates and/or significantly reduces the consequences of traditional LWR accidents. In addition, the fewer passive safety systems are similar in principle to those of the US NRC approved AP1000 design. For these reasons, the IRIS testing program only needs to include those features unique to the IRIS design. NRC feedback was that the planned test program appeared to be complete and could generate sufficient information to support a Design Certification (DC) submittal. The US NRC has also stated that a DC application must include complete information regarding the test program. On this basis the IRIS team has initiated an aggressive program to conduct IRIS testing to support a DC submittal by the end of 2008. Subsequent US NRC review should be expeditious because of the AP1000 precedent, allowing IRIS to obtain its Final Design Approval (FDA) in 2012; thereby, maintaining its goal of deployment in the 2015-2017 time frame. The next steps in the pre-application review process will be to provide the US NRC with a road map of the anticipated IRIS licensing process, a review of current licensing requirements showing that IRIS meets or exceeds all current criteria and information to support the long term goal of redefining the Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ)

  2. Waste management and licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is the Court's consideration of the repercussions the regulation on waste management of Sect. 9a of the Atomic Energy Law will have, relating to the licensing of a plant according to Sect. 7 (2) of the Atomic Energy Law which is noteworthy. Overruling its former legal conception, the Administrative Court Schleswig now assumes, together with the public opinion, that the problem of waste management being brought to a point only with the initial operation of a nuclear power station is accordingly to be taken into account in line with the discretion of licensing according to Sect. 7 (2) of the Atomic Energy Law. In addition, the Administrative Court expressed its opinion on the extent to the right of a neighbour to a nuclear power station to file suit. According to the Sections 114 and 42 (2) of the rules of Administrative Courts it is true that a plaintiff cannot take action to set aside the licence because public interests have not been taken into account sufficiently, but he may do so because his own interests have not been included in the discretionary decision. The Administrative Court is reserved when qualifying the regulation on waste management with regard to the intensity of legal control. The Court is not supposed to replace controversial issues of technology and natural sciences on the part of the executive and its experts by its own assessment. According to the proceedings, the judicial review refers to the finding as to whether decisions made by authorities are suited - according to the way in which they were made - to guarantee the safety standard prescribed in Subdivision 3 of Sect. 7 (2) of the Atomic Energy Law. (HSCH)

  3. 9 CFR 166.11 - Suspension and revocation of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension and revocation of licenses. 166.11 Section 166.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions §...

  4. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  5. 7 CFR 1530.102 - Nature of the license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license under the Refined Sugar Re-export Program permits a refiner to enter raw cane sugar under... OF AGRICULTURE THE REFINED SUGAR RE-EXPORT PROGRAM, THE SUGAR CONTAINING PRODUCTS RE-EXPORT PROGRAM... participate in the Refined Sugar Re-export Program, the Sugar Containing Products Re-export Program, or...

  6. Are the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European paradox

    OpenAIRE

    Conti, Annamaria; Gaulé, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    Europe is perceived to lag behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data and controlling for standard factors affecting the productivity of Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs), we find that European TTOs do not execute less licenses than US TTOs. However, they earn significantly less revenue from licenses. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Specifically, US TTOs employ more staff...

  7. A strategic analysis of an IT company for software licensing solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Liko; Su, Jean

    2005-01-01

    XYZ is a newly acquired software company of Company JL, which develops recreation management products for Parks and Recreation centres across North America. Company XYZ uses a perpetual licensing model where a lump sum is charged up front for the use of the software. Company JL uses a transactional licensing model where the licensing fee is charged per transaction via the Internet. Company XYZ can provide its customers with hosting solutions that provide end users with online registration ser...

  8. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly LICENSED OPERATING REACTORS Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. Since all of the data concerning operation of the units is provided by the utility operators less than two weeks after the end of the month, necessary corrections to published information are shown on the ERRATA page. This report is divided into three sections: the first contains monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; the second is a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC Regional Offices, IE Headquarters and the Utilities; and the third section is an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor years of experience and non-power reactors in the United States

  9. License restrictions at Barnwell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Autry, V.R. [S.C. Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, SC (United States). Bureau of Radiological Health

    1991-12-31

    The State of South Carolina was delegated the authority by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to regulate the receipt, possession, use and disposal of radioactive material as an Agreement State. Since 1970, the state has been the principal regulatory authority for the Barnwell Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility operated by Chem-Nuclear Systems, Inc. The radioactive material license issued authorizing the receipt and disposal of low-level waste contains numerous restrictions to ensure environmental protection and compliance with shallow land disposal performance criteria. Low-level waste has evolved from minimally contaminated items to complex waste streams containing high concentrations of radionuclides and processing chemicals which necessitated these restrictions. Additionally, some waste with their specific radionuclides and concentration levels, many classified as low-level radioactive waste, are not appropriate for shallow land disposal unless additional precautions are taken. This paper will represent a number of these restrictions, the rationale for them, and how they are being dealt with at the Barnwell disposal facility.

  10. Licensed operating reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's monthly LICENSED OPERATING REACTORS Status Summary Report provides data on the operation of nuclear units as timely and accurately as possible. This information is collected by the Office of Information Resources Management, from the Headquarters Staff of NRC's Office of Inspection and Enforcement, from NRC's Regional Offices, and from utilities. Since all of the data concerning operation of the units are provided by the utility operators less than two weeks after the end of the month, necessary corrections to published information are shown on the ERRATA page. This report is divided into three sections: the first contains monthly highlights and statistics for commercial operating units, and errata from previously reported data; the second is a compilation of detailed information on each unit, provided by NRC Regional Offices, IE Headquarters and the Utilities; and the third section is an appendix for miscellaneous information such as spent fuel storage capability, reactor years of experience and non-power reactors in the United States

  11. VEHICLES LICENSED IN SWITZERLAND

    CERN Multimedia

    Service des Relations avec les Pays-Hôtes

    2000-01-01

    1.\tVehicle licensinga)\tTime limitsVehicles must have a Swiss registration document and Swiss number plates: -\tif the owner has been residing in Switzerland for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months and has been using it for more than one month on Swiss territory, or -\tif the vehicle itself has been on Swiss territory for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months. b)\tTechnical details Vehicles belonging to non-Swiss members of the personnel who hold a carte de légitimation issued by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as 'DFAE') and who were not permanently resident in Switzerland before taking up their appointment may be licensed in Switzerland with virtually no restrictions provided that their owner produces: -\tthe vehicle registration document and number plates of the country in which the car was previously registered, or -\ta manufacturer's certi...

  12. Unionization Structure, Licensing and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Mukherjee, Arijit; Pennings, Enrico

    2005-01-01

    This discussion paper led to a publication in the 'International Journal of Industrial Organization', 29(2), 232-41.Taking technological differences between firms as given, we show that the technologically advanced firm has a stronger incentive for technology licensing under a decentralized unionization structure than with centralized wage setting. Furthermore, We show that, in presence of licensing, the incentive for innovation may also be stronger under decentralized unions. Unions have a c...

  13. 7 CFR 51.34 - Suspension or revocation of license of a licensed inspector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension or revocation of license of a licensed... revocation of license of a licensed inspector. Pending final action by the Secretary, the Administrator may..., supported by any argument or evidence that he may wish to offer as to why his license should not...

  14. Evaluation of Terminated Nuclear Material Licenses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the results of a six-year project that reviewed material licenses that had been terminated during the period from inception of licensing until approximately late-1994. The material licenses covered in the review project were Part 30, byproduct material licenses; Part 40, source material licenses; and Part 70, special nuclear material licenses. This report describes the methodology developed for the project, summarizes the findings of the license file inventory process, and describes the findings of the reviews or evaluations of the license files. The evaluation identified nuclear material use sites that need review of the licensing material or more direct follow-up of some type. The review process also identified licenses authorized to possess sealed sources for which there was incomplete or missing documentation of the fate of the sources

  15. US licensing process and ABWR certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Part 50 licensing process establishes a two-step licensing process whereby the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) authorizes construction through issuance of a construction permit and authorizes operation by issuance of an operating license. At each stage, the NRC staff conducts technical reviews, and there is potential for public hearings. The purpose of the Part 52 licensing process is to provide a regulatory framework that brings about early resolution of licensing issues in comparison with the Part 50 process. Because issues are not resolved early in the Part 50 licensing process, approval of an operating license is not assured until after a significant investment has been made in the plant. Part 52 increases the stability and certainty of the licensing process by providing for the early resolution of safety and environmental issues. The Part 52 licensing process features early site permits, design certification, and combined construction permits and operating licenses

  16. Protecting environmental flows through enhanced water licensing and water markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erfani, T.; Binions, O.; Harou, J. J.

    2015-02-01

    To enable economically efficient future adaptation to water scarcity some countries are revising water management institutions such as water rights or licensing systems to more effectively protect ecosystems and their services. However, allocating more flow to the environment can mean less abstraction for economic production, or the inability to accommodate new entrants (diverters). Modern licensing arrangements should simultaneously enhance environmental flows and protect water abstractors who depend on water. Making new licensing regimes compatible with tradable water rights is an important component of water allocation reform. Regulated water markets can help decrease the societal cost of water scarcity whilst enforcing environmental and/or social protections. In this article we simulate water markets under a regime of fixed volumetric water abstraction licenses with fixed minimum flows or under a scalable water license regime (using water "shares") with dynamic environmental minimum flows. Shares allow adapting allocations to available water and dynamic environmental minimum flows vary as a function of ecological requirements. We investigate how a short-term spot market manifests within each licensing regime. We use a river-basin-scale hydroeconomic agent model that represents individual abstractors and can simulate a spot market under both licensing regimes. We apply this model to the Great Ouse River basin in eastern England with public water supply, agricultural, energy and industrial water-using agents. Results show the proposed shares with dynamic environmental flow licensing system protects river flows more effectively than the current static minimum flow requirements during a dry historical year, but that the total opportunity cost to water abstractors of the environmental gains is a 10-15% loss in economic benefits.

  17. Licensing process characteristics of Small Modular Reactors and spent nuclear fuel repository

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Söderholm, Kristiina, E-mail: kristiina.soderholm@fortum.com [Fortum Power (Finland); Tuunanen, Jari, E-mail: jari.tuunanen@fortum.com [Fortum Power (Finland); Amaba, Ben, E-mail: baamaba@us.ibm.com [IBM Complex Systems (United States); Bergqvist, Sofia, E-mail: sofia.bergqvist@se.ibm.com [IBM Rational Software (Sweden); Lusardi, Paul, E-mail: plusardi@nuscalepower.com [NuScale Power (United States)

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • We examine the licensing process challenges of modular nuclear facilities. • We compare the features of Small Modular Reactors and spent nuclear fuel repository. • We present the need of nuclear licensing simplification. • Part of the licensing is proposed to be internationally applicable. • Systems engineering and requirements engineering benefits are presented. - Abstract: This paper aims to increase the understanding of the licensing processes characteristics of Small Modular Reactors (SMR) compared with licensing of spent nuclear fuel repository. The basis of the SMR licensing process development lies in licensing processes used in Finland, France, the UK, Canada and the USA. These countries have been selected for this study because of their various licensing processes and recent actions in the new NPP construction. Certain aspects of the aviation industry licensing process have also been studied and selected practices have been investigated as possibly suitable for use in nuclear licensing. Suitable features for SMR licensing are emphasized and suggested. The licensing features of the spent nuclear fuel deep repository along with similar features of SMR licensing are discussed. Since there are similar types of challenges of lengthy licensing time frames, as well as modular features to be taken into account in licensing, these two different nuclear industry fields can be compared. The main SMR features to take into account in licensing are: • Standardization of the design. • Modularity. • Mass production. • Serial construction. Modularity can be divided into two different categories: the first category is simply a single power plant unit constructed of independently engineered modules (e.g. construction process for Westinghouse AP-1000 NPP) and the second one a power plant composed of many reactor modules, which are manufactured in factories and installed as needed (e.g. NuScale Power SMR design). The deep underground repository

  18. 78 FR 5514 - Supplemental Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact for License Renewal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... Commission. Andrew Persinko, Deputy Director, Decommissioning and Uranium Recovery Licensing Directorate... Uranium One USA, Inc., Willow Creek Uranium In-Situ Recovery Project, Johnson and Campbell Counties, WY... Materials License SUA-1341 for continued uranium production operations and in-situ recovery (ISR) of...

  19. 9 CFR 590.112 - Suspension of license or authority; revocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; revocation. 590.112 Section 590.112 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE... INSPECTION ACT) Performance of Service § 590.112 Suspension of license or authority; revocation. Pending... to offer as to why his license should not be suspended or revoked. After the expiration of...

  20. 10 CFR 40.32 - General requirements for issuance of specific licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license for a uranium enrichment facility, or for a license to possess and use source and byproduct material for uranium milling, production of uranium hexafluoride, or for the conduct of any other activity... use of source material in a uranium enrichment facility, the applicant has satisfied the...

  1. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... fabrication, scrap recovery, or conversion of uranium hexafluoride pursuant to part 70 of this chapter. (8) Issuance of a license to possess and use source material for uranium milling or production of uranium hexafluoride pursuant to part 40 of this chapter. (9) Issuance of a license pursuant to part 72 of this...

  2. Licensing reform in the USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The licensing process for nuclear power plants in the USA is currently in two distinct stages: the issuance of a construction permit followed later by the issuance of an operation license. The ''two-step'' process has come under heavy criticism from the U.S. nuclear industry on the grounds that it causes uncertainty and delays and therefore inhibits new commitments to nuclear power plants. In 1989 the NRC published new regulations for the licensing of nuclear power plants which provide for the issuance of early site permits, safety certifications of standard designs, and combined construction permits and operating licences. The new rule was challenged by intervenors representing antinuclear groups who filed a legal challenge seeking to have the rule set aside on the grounds that it violates the Atomic Energy Act which they allege makes two-step licensing mandatory. In November 1990 the US Court of Appeals upheld the NRC's authority to issue combined licenses. An appeal for a rehearing has been filed. The paper analyses the events and the possible consequences of an adverse court decision. It reviews the options open to the NRC and industry if the court decision is upheld. The possibility of congressional action to amend the Atomic Energy Act is discussed. (author)

  3. 76 FR 31616 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... model. Radiology 2006 Apr;239(1);86-93. Licensing Status: Available for licensing. Licensing Contacts...@mail.nih.gov . Collaborative Research Opportunity: The NIH Clinical Center, Interventional...

  4. License Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Urhonen, Matti

    2014-01-01

    Anite Finland Ltd. is a Finnish based company providing a full range of software and hardware solutions for the mobile network testing. The Nemo product portfolio consists of several products from handheld measurement tools all the way to the powerful data analysing server solutions. The main customers are mobile operators all around the world. Anti-piracy and copy protecting is a serious business, as there are skilful people trying to break the copy protections for illegal income or to g...

  5. Nuclear power plant operator licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The guide applies to the nuclear power plant operator licensing procedure referred to the section 128 of the Finnish Nuclear Energy Degree. The licensing procedure applies to shift supervisors and those operators of the shift teams of nuclear power plant units who manipulate the controls of nuclear power plants systems in the main control room. The qualification requirements presented in the guide also apply to nuclear safety engineers who work in the main control room and provide support to the shift supervisors, operation engineers who are the immediate superiors of shift supervisors, heads of the operational planning units and simulator instructors. The operator licensing procedure for other nuclear facilities are decided case by case. The requirements for the basic education, work experience and the initial, refresher and complementary training of nuclear power plant operating personnel are presented in the YVL guide 1.7. (2 refs.)

  6. NRC licensing requirements: DOD options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pike, W.J.; O' Reilly, P.D.

    1982-09-01

    This report describes the licensing process (both safety and environmental) that would apply if the Department of Defense (DOD) chooses to obtain licenses from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for using nuclear energy for power and luminous sources. The specific nuclear energy sources being considered include: small or medium-size nuclear power reactors; radioisotopic thermoelectric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; radioisotopic dynamic electric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; and applications of radioisotopes for luminous sources (lights) with /sup 3/H, /sup 85/Kr, or /sup 147/Pm. The steps of the licensing process are summarized in the following sections, with particular attention given to the schedule and level of effort necessary to support the process.

  7. NRC licensing requirements: DOD options

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the licensing process (both safety and environmental) that would apply if the Department of Defense (DOD) chooses to obtain licenses from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for using nuclear energy for power and luminous sources. The specific nuclear energy sources being considered include: small or medium-size nuclear power reactors; radioisotopic thermoelectric generators with 90Sr or 238Pu; radioisotopic dynamic electric generators with 90Sr or 238Pu; and applications of radioisotopes for luminous sources (lights) with 3H, 85Kr, or 147Pm. The steps of the licensing process are summarized in the following sections, with particular attention given to the schedule and level of effort necessary to support the process

  8. Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon

    Although licensing has repeatedly been acknowledged to be a major vehicle for firms to acquire external knowledge, surprisingly little is known about how firms use it as part of their overall inventive efforts. Furthermore, with the exception of absorptive capacity, the organizational determinants...... relationship. The findings also suggest that high levels of Organizational Slack (available financial resources) strengthen the positive effect of licensing on innovation. However, higher levels of Organizational Myopia (the extent to which a firm draws on its own knowledge) can decrease the main effect of...

  9. 78 FR 42527 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ...: Elimination of background plasmid DNA during recombinant baculovirus production Elimination of nonproductive... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing... mice in which Cre recombinase was controlled by the beta-cell specific rat insulin promoter...

  10. Analysis of the results of licensing procedure carried out in the Croatian energy sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses the performance of the licensing procedure carried out in the Croatian energy sector. The paper presents the results of the above mentioned procedure, with distribution of frequency of applications per energy activities, as well as distribution of licenses which are issued for different energy activities determined under Article 15 of the Energy Law. It also describe certain problems that appeared during the licensing procedure, such as impossibility for natural persons to obtain a license for carrying out transport of oil derivatives (through product pipelines and other means of transport) and trading, mediation and representation in the energy market. Moreover, transport of oil, oil derivatives and bio fuel by road vehicles, bio fuel production and natural gas storage were not recognized as energy activities by the Energy Law in the past. Hence, the upgrading of regulatory framework in the field of licensing started after the new energy laws had been passed at the end of 2004.(author)

  11. Guide to request license for teletherapy practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work the steps to request license for teletherapy practice are described , among these steps they it continued it plows to request the qualified personnel's yams, the operation authorization, application purpose, license type

  12. List of Nuclear Materials Licensing Actions Received

    Data.gov (United States)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission — A catalog of all Materials Licensing Actions received for review. The catalog lists the name of the entity submitting the license application, their city and state,...

  13. Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) Permit Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A federal Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) license is required onboard any vessel deployed in scallop fisheries in Federal waters off Alaska (except for...

  14. Environmental licensing issues for cogeneration plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The siting and licensing of cogeneration and independent power production (IPP) facilities is a complex process involving a number of interrelated engineering, economic, and environmental impact considerations. Important considerations for the siting and licensing of such facilities include air quality control and air quality impacts, water supply and wastewater disposal, and applicable noise criteria and noise impact considerations. Air quality control and air quality impact considerations for power generation facilities are commonly reviewed in the public forum, and most project developers are generally aware of the key air quality licensing issues. These issues include Best Available Control Technology (BACT) demonstration requirements, and air quality modeling requirements. BACT is a case-by-case determination, which causes uncertainty, in that developers have difficulty in projecting the cost of required control systems. Continuing developments in control technology may cause this problem to continue in the 1990's. Air quality modeling can be a problem in hilly terrain or within or near an urban environment, which could delay or preclude permitting of a new cogeneration or IPP facility in such locations. This paper discusses several environmental issues which are less frequently addressed than air quality issues, namely water/wastewater and noise. The design features of typical cogeneration and IPP facilities that affect water supply requirements, wastewater volumes, and noise emissions are discussed. Then, the site selection and impact review process are examined to identify typical constraints and trade-offs that can develop relative to water, wastewater, and noise issues. Trends in permit review requirements for water, wastewater, and noise are examined. Finally, innovative approaches that can be used to resolve potential development constraints for water, wastewater, and noise issues are discussed

  15. Legal Challenges to Licensing Examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyburn, Keith M., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Discrepancies between court and professional association views of licensing examinations are discussed. Litigation associated with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and constitutional law is considered. Courts should examine professional standards and apply those that are consistent with the court's determination of the proper…

  16. Natural analog studies: Licensing perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, J.W. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes the licensing perspective of the term {open_quotes}natural analog studies{close_quotes} as used in CFR Part 60. It describes the misunderstandings related to its definition which has become evident during discussions at the U.S Nuclear Regulatory Commission meetings and tries to clarify the appropriate applications of natural analog studies to aspects of repository site characterization.

  17. 25 CFR 11.601 - Marriage licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Marriage licenses. 11.601 Section 11.601 Indians BUREAU... ORDER CODE Domestic Relations § 11.601 Marriage licenses. A marriage license shall be issued by the clerk of the court in the absence of any showing that the proposed marriage would be invalid under...

  18. Operation of Trades Licensing Office after the amendment of Trades Licensing Act

    OpenAIRE

    Neužilová, Barbora

    2011-01-01

    My work "Operation of Trades Licensing Office after amendement of the Trades Licensing Act" deals with valid legal regulation of the Trade Licensing Act, which the officers follow. My work is divided into two parts. The first part contains the valid legal regulation. Here I analyse not only the Trades Licensing Act, but also the law about Trades Licensing Offices. Further, the practical part follows. At the beginnning of the practical part of my work I describe the operations of the rele...

  19. Uranium mine project licensing: Cameco's current experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental assessment and licensing requirements for new uranium projects have become more complex, and can have a substantial influence on the timelines needed to bring new production on-line. This increased complexity is taking place in an era that is witnessing a resurging interest in uranium exploration. The assessment and licensing process has evolved to include more sophisticated ecological risk assessment, more detailed waste rock and tailings management plans and comprehensive socio-economic impact assessments. While such assessments are fully compatible with sustainable development objectives, they do take time. The current challenges, as encountered by Cameco in its most recent work, are associated with timelines, predictability and effectiveness. All are needed in the process if market demands are to be met efficiently. The good news remains that the assessment process, while frustrating at times in its duration, strongly supports our main collective environmental goal, which is to solidly support the clean environment aspects of nuclear power at our end of the nuclear fuel chain. (author)

  20. Licensing plan for UMTRA project disposal sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office developed a plan to define UMTRA Project licensing program objectives and establish a process enabling the DOE to document completion of remedial actions in compliance with 40 CFR 1 92 and the requirements of the NRC general license. This document supersedes the January 1987 Project Licensing Plan (DOE, 1987). The plan summarizes the legislative and regulatory basis for licensing, identifies participating agencies and their roles and responsibilities, defines key activities and milestones in the licensing process, and details the coordination of these activities. This plan provides an overview of the UMTRA Project from the end of remedial actions through the NRC's acceptance of a disposal site under the general license. The licensing process integrates large phases of the UMTRA Project. Other programmatic UMTRA Project documents listed in Section 6.0 provide supporting information

  1. Streamlining the license renewal review process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The staff of the NRC has been developing three regulatory guidance documents for license renewal: the Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) report, Standard Review Plan for License Renewal (SRP-LR), and Regulatory Guide (RG) for Standard Format and Content for Applications to Renew Nuclear Power Plant Operating Licenses. These documents are designed to streamline the license renewal review process by providing clear guidance for license renewal applicants and the NRC staff in preparing and reviewing license renewal applications. The GALL report systematically catalogs aging effects on structures and components; identifies the relevant existing plant programs; and evaluates the existing programs against the attributes considered necessary for an aging management program to be acceptable for license renewal. The GALL report also provides guidance for the augmentation of existing plant programs for license renewal. The revised SRP-LR allows an applicant to reference the GALL report to preclude further NRC staff evaluation if the plant's existing programs meet the criteria described in the GALL report. During the review process, the NRC staff will focus primarily on existing programs that should be augmented or new programs developed specifically for license renewal. The Regulatory Guide is expected to endorse the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) guideline, NEI 95-10, Revision 2, entitled 'Industry Guideline for Implementing the Requirements of 10 CFR Part 54 - The License Renewal Rule', which provides guidance for preparing a license renewal application. This paper will provide an introduction to the GALL report, SRP-LR, Regulatory Guide, and NEI 95-10 to show how these documents are interrelated and how they will be used to streamline the license renewal review process. This topic will be of interest to domestic power utilities considering license renewal and international ICONE participants seeking state-of-the-art information about license renewal in the United States

  2. CHOOSING THE RIGHT FORM OF LICENSING A BUSINESS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROIBAN Roxana Nadina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Choosing the most appropriate form of licensing a business is an important decision not easy to be made by an entrepreneur and it should be taken only after he has the required skills and abilities to do so. The business idea should harmonize with the business environment and its future trends, with the existing opportunities and the future products or services that the company will provide and not least the entrepreneur has to make sure that he has sufficient resources to get started. We consider that every business has a number of features that make certain forms of licensing to be more suitable than others. This paper aims to present a multitude of items to be reviewed by an entrepreneur at the start-up in order to choose the most appropriate licensing type for his business. Given that our country's law allows entrepreneurs to license their businesses in several forms, the decision to choose between many existing possibilities is a very important one for the future good of the business. Currently in our country there are two major laws governing the licensing of a business. The first one is the republished and subsequently amended Company Law number 31/1990 and the second, the Government Emergency Ordinance number 44/2008 regarding the economic activities of the Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises. The Company Law number 31/1990 allows companies to choose between one of the five types of business entities that can operate in Romania: General partnership (in Romanian SNC, Limited partnership (in Romanian SCS, Limited partnerships by shares (in Romanian SCA, Joint stock company (in Romanian S.A. and Limited liability company (in Romanian S.R.L.. GEO number 44/2008 on economic activities of the Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises regulates the licensing and the activity of a Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises.

  3. A safety licensable computing architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Halang, WA; Jung, S-K; Scheepstra, JJ

    1993-01-01

    This book describes the design of a low complexity, fault-detecting computer architecture for utilisation in programmable logic controllers (PLCs) for process control purposes. The cyclic operating mode of PLCs and a specification level graphical programming paradigm based on interconnecting application-oriented standard software function modules are architecturally supported. Thus, by design, there is no semantic gap between the specification, programming and machine execution levels enabling the safety licensing of application software by diverse back translation, an extremely simple but rig

  4. Licensing process for safety-critical software-based systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haapanen, P. [VTT Automation, Espoo (Finland); Korhonen, J. [VTT Electronics, Espoo (Finland); Pulkkinen, U. [VTT Automation, Espoo (Finland)

    2000-12-01

    System vendors nowadays propose software-based technology even for the most critical safety functions in nuclear power plants. Due to the nature of software faults and the way they cause system failures new methods are needed for the safety and reliability evaluation of these systems. In the research project 'Programmable automation systems in nuclear power plants (OHA)', financed together by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), the Ministry of Trade and Industry (KTM) and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), various safety assessment methods and tools for software based systems are developed and evaluated. As a part of the OHA-work a reference model for the licensing process for software-based safety automation systems is defined. The licensing process is defined as the set of interrelated activities whose purpose is to produce and assess evidence concerning the safety and reliability of the system/application to be licensed and to make the decision about the granting the construction and operation permissions based on this evidence. The parties of the licensing process are the authority, the licensee (the utility company), system vendors and their subcontractors and possible external independent assessors. The responsibility about the production of the evidence in first place lies at the licensee who in most cases rests heavily on the vendor expertise. The evaluation and gauging of the evidence is carried out by the authority (possibly using external experts), who also can acquire additional evidence by using their own (independent) methods and tools. Central issue in the licensing process is to combine the quality evidence about the system development process with the information acquired through tests, analyses and operational experience. The purpose of the licensing process described in this report is to act as a reference model both for the authority and the licensee when planning the licensing of individual applications

  5. Licensing process for safety-critical software-based systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    System vendors nowadays propose software-based technology even for the most critical safety functions in nuclear power plants. Due to the nature of software faults and the way they cause system failures new methods are needed for the safety and reliability evaluation of these systems. In the research project 'Programmable automation systems in nuclear power plants (OHA)', financed together by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), the Ministry of Trade and Industry (KTM) and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), various safety assessment methods and tools for software based systems are developed and evaluated. As a part of the OHA-work a reference model for the licensing process for software-based safety automation systems is defined. The licensing process is defined as the set of interrelated activities whose purpose is to produce and assess evidence concerning the safety and reliability of the system/application to be licensed and to make the decision about the granting the construction and operation permissions based on this evidence. The parties of the licensing process are the authority, the licensee (the utility company), system vendors and their subcontractors and possible external independent assessors. The responsibility about the production of the evidence in first place lies at the licensee who in most cases rests heavily on the vendor expertise. The evaluation and gauging of the evidence is carried out by the authority (possibly using external experts), who also can acquire additional evidence by using their own (independent) methods and tools. Central issue in the licensing process is to combine the quality evidence about the system development process with the information acquired through tests, analyses and operational experience. The purpose of the licensing process described in this report is to act as a reference model both for the authority and the licensee when planning the licensing of individual applications. Many of the

  6. Licensing framework of storage for spent fuel installation in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Indonesia has operated three research reactors i.e. TRIGA 2000 reactor at Bandung, Kartini reactor at Yogyakarta and Multi Purpose Reactor-GA Siwabesy (MPR-GAS) at Serpong. Besides Indonesia has also operated some nuclear installations such as radioisotope production installation, radio-metallurgy installation, and transfer channel-interim storage for spent fuel installation (TC-ISFSFI ). While being operated for research activities, reactors produce spent fuel that has the potential for radiation hazard. The utilities shall collect spent fuel temporarily throughout the life time of reactor. To control the spent fuel storage according to requirements (Act No. 10 year 1997 article 24.2), the National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) has constructed the TC-ISFSFI, managed by the Center for Development of Research Reactor Technology (CDRRT). TC-ISFSFI is intended to collect spent fuel and other irradiated materials produced by MPR-GAS, the radioisotope production installation, the radio-metallurgy installation and other institutions. The control of TC-ISFSFI is conducted by the regulatory body (BAPETEN). It is implemented by establishing regulations, carrying out licensing and performing inspections. The TC-ISFSFI shall be subjected to licensing. According to the Act (No. 10 year 1997 article 17), the construction and operation of nuclear reactors and other nuclear installations as well as the decommissioning of nuclear reactors shall be subjected to the licensing. Implementation of the Act, especially the licensing regulations, includes the Chairman Decree of Bapeten (CD) No. 06 year 1999 on the Licensing Construction and Operation of Nuclear Reactor. In performing a review of the licensing requirements, BAPETEN uses government regulations and the other regulations on nuclear and radiation safety such as: - Government Regulation (GR) No. 64 year 2000 on Licensing of Nuclear Energy Utilization, - Government Regulation No. 27 year 2002 on Radioactive Waste

  7. Set of criteria for licensing procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general model of licensing procedures thought to be the most appropriate for small countries is discussed. Because of the similarities in the administration and economy of small countries, the licensing process proceeds on a step-by-step basis and the licensing procedures, as one of the steps in the is process, consists of two parts: a pre-licensing period and the main part, i.e. issuing of the license. A detailed discussion of the directives of the nuclear authority for the selection of the site for a nuclear facility is provided, together with some remarks on the directives for the other licensing procedures. The licensee has to provide a special answer in a specific case which need not agree strictly with the general directives. However, the licensee is required to give a detailed explanation of the other case. (author). 4 figs

  8. Technical Guidance Document For License Application Preparation, Revision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This introduction provides information that applies to all chapters of the Technical Guidance Document for License Application Preparation. Authors preparing the License Application (LA) shall use this document for guidance and must read this Introduction and Appendix B before writing their respective sections. This technical guidance document (TGD) was developed by the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Management and Operating Contractor (M and O) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The document was prepared by an M and O team led by the M and O Licensing group. This document was prepared using the proposed 10 CFR 63 (64 FR 8640) as the rule governing the granting of a license for the DOE to construct a potential repository at Yucca Mountain, and to receive and possess source, special nuclear, and by-product materials at the potential geologic repository. The DOE comments submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) on the proposed 10 CFR 63 (64 FR 8640), as contained in the ''Interim Guidance Pending Issuance of New Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulations for Yucca Mountain, Nevada'' (Dyer and Horton 1999), have been incorporated into this TGD

  9. Psychological characteristics of licensed nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safe production of electricity by nuclear power plants has been the focus of considerable attention. Much of this concern has been focused on equipment and procedural issues, with less attention to the psychological factors that affect the operations staff of the plants, i.e., those individuals who are most directly responsible for a plant's operations. Stress and type A qualities would be significant for these individuals because of their relationships to job performance and health. Of equal significance would be work-related factors, such as job involvement and work pressure. Also of interest would be hostile tendencies because of the need for cooperation and communications among operations staff. Two variables could influence these psychological factors. One is the degree of responsibility for a plant's nuclear reactors. The individuals with the greatest responsibility are licensed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). There are also individuals with less direct responsibilities who are not licensed. A second variable is the operating status of the plant, whether or not the plant is currently producing electricity. Relative to ensuring the safe operation of nuclear power plants, these data suggest a positive view of licensed operators. Of interest are the greater stress scores in the licensed staff of the operating plant in contrast with their peers in the nonoperating plant

  10. Technology Spillover and Licensing Strategy of Patentee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The optimal license proportions with and without technology spillover are analyzed with a game-theoretical approach when a patent-holding firm licensed non-drastic process innovation to his incumbent rivals by means of a first price sealed bid auction. The optimal strategy is obtained through solving the game by backward induction. It is found that the range of optimal license proportion is narrower when there is spillover compared to the no spillover case.

  11. Licensing documentation and licensing process for dismantling and decontamination projects in Lithuania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uspuras, Eugenijus; Rimkevicius, Sigitas; Babilas, Egidijus [Lithuanian Energy Institute (LEI), Kaunas (Lithuania)

    2013-07-01

    One of the main tasks of any decommissioning project is the licensing process which allows implementation of developed strategies in real NPP. The Lithuanian laws on nuclear energy and on radioactive waste management require that the dismantling and decontamination (D and D) projects shall be licensed by the Lithuanian State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (VATESI) and other Authorities. Licensing is an inseparable part of the Lithuania regulatory and supervisory system for safety of nuclear facilities. The licensing process starts when NPP submits the first licensing document(s) to the Authorities. It is completed when all the licensing documents are approved by the Authorities and authorization to start D and D works is received by NPP. Current paper will discuss one of the main steps in D and D projects implementation process - Licensing and will provide information about D and D licensing approach used in Lithuania. (orig.)

  12. Licensing documentation and licensing process for dismantling and decontamination projects in Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the main tasks of any decommissioning project is the licensing process which allows implementation of developed strategies in real NPP. The Lithuanian laws on nuclear energy and on radioactive waste management require that the dismantling and decontamination (D and D) projects shall be licensed by the Lithuanian State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (VATESI) and other Authorities. Licensing is an inseparable part of the Lithuania regulatory and supervisory system for safety of nuclear facilities. The licensing process starts when NPP submits the first licensing document(s) to the Authorities. It is completed when all the licensing documents are approved by the Authorities and authorization to start D and D works is received by NPP. Current paper will discuss one of the main steps in D and D projects implementation process - Licensing and will provide information about D and D licensing approach used in Lithuania. (orig.)

  13. 21 CFR 515.22 - Suspension and/or revocation of approval of a medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... medicated feed mill license. 515.22 Section 515.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED... medicated feed mill license. (a) The Secretary of Health and Human Services may suspend a medicated...

  14. 10 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Standardization of Nuclear Power Plant Designs: Permits To Construct and Licenses To Operate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Standardization of Nuclear Power Plant Designs: Permits To Construct and Licenses To Operate Nuclear Power Reactors of Identical Design at Multiple Sites N Appendix N to Part 50 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Pt. 50, App.N Appendix N to...

  15. 9 CFR 2.9 - Officers, agents, and employees of licensees whose licenses have been suspended or revoked.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... licensees whose licenses have been suspended or revoked. 2.9 Section 2.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... § 2.9 Officers, agents, and employees of licensees whose licenses have been suspended or revoked. Any... or revoked and who was responsible for or participated in the violation upon which the order...

  16. Initiatives in transport cask licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The variations in research reactor fuel form, configuration, irradiation characteristics, and transport cask have required a substantial number of transport cask licensing actions associated with foreign research reactor spent fuel transportation. When compounded by limited time for shipment preparations, due to contract timing or delayed receipt of technical data, the number and timing of certifications has adversely impacted the ability of regulatory agencies to support intended shipping schedules. This issue was brought into focus at a april, 1998 meeting among DOE, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and DOE's spent fuel transportation contractors. (author)

  17. Vehicle License Plate Recognition Syst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi,R. B. Dubey

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle license plate recognition system has greater efficiency for vehicle monitoring in automatic zone access control. This Plate recognition system will avoid special tags, since all vehicles possess a unique registration number plate. A number of techniques have been used for car plate characters recognition. This system uses neural network character recognition and pattern matching of characters as two character recognition techniques. In this approach multilayer feed-forward back-propagation algorithm is used. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on several car plates and provides very satisfactory results.

  18. Vehicle License Plate Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle license plate recognition system has greater efficiency for vehicle monitoring in automatic zone access control. This Plate recognition system will avoid special tags, since all vehicles possess a unique registration number plate. A number of techniques have been used for car plate characters recognition. This system uses neural network character recognition and pattern matching of characters as two character recognition techniques. In this approach multilayer feed-forward back-propagation algorithm is used. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on several car plates and provides very satisfactory results.

  19. Initiatives in transport cask license

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patterson, John [NAC International, Aiken, SC (United States). Foreign Research Reactor Liaison]. E-mail: nacaiken@aol.com

    1998-07-01

    The variations in research reactor fuel form, configuration, irradiation characteristics, and transport cask have required a substantial number of transport cask licensing actions associated with foreign research reactor spent fuel transportation. When compounded by limited time for shipment preparations, due to contract timing or delayed receipt of technical data, the number and timing of certifications has adversely impacted the ability of regulatory agencies to support intended shipping schedules. This issue was brought into focus at a april, 1998 meeting among DOE, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and DOE's spent fuel transportation contractors. (author)

  20. Texas site selection and licensing status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avant, R.V. Jr.

    1989-11-01

    Texas has identified a potential site in Hudspeth County in far West Texas near the town of Fort Hancock. Over the past year the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority has been conducting detailed geology, hydrology, meteorology, soils, and flora and fauna evaluations. An authorization by the Board of Directors of the Authority to proceed with a license application, assuming that the detailed evaluation indicates that the site is suitable, is expected by September. A prototype license has been prepared in anticipation of the order to proceed with licensing, and the formal license application is expected to be submitted to the Texas Department of Health-Bureau of Radiation Control in December, meeting the license application milestone. Although site selection processes in all siting areas across the country have experienced organized opposition, El Paso County has funded a particularly well-organized, well-financed program to legally and technically stop consideration of the Fort Hancock site prior to the licensing process. Many procedural, regulatory, and technical issues have been raised which have required responses from the Authority in order to proceed with licensing. This has provided a unique perspective of what to expect from well-organized opposition at the licensing stage. This paper presents an update on the Texas siting activity with detailed information on the site evaluation and license application. Experience of dealing with issues raised by opposition relating to NRC guidelines and rules is also discussed.

  1. Licensing Electronic Content in Today's Information Marketplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okerson, Ann

    This session will develop topics such as: what is a license, what is a shrinkwrap license and is it binding, how do licenses or contracts relate to national copyright laws, what is a good negotiating stance, what to look for in a license (key issues), and where to look for more information. The session will be outlined by a series of overheads that can help to guide the library professional who needs to work through these matters during the course of negotiating for electronic information content. The article contains the text of the transparencies shown during the presentation.

  2. Overview of the Yucca Mountain Licensing Process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of the licensing process for a Yucca Mountain repository for high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The paper discusses the steps in the licensing proceeding, the roles of the participants, the licensing and hearing requirements contained in the Code of Federal Regulations. A description of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff acceptance and compliance reviews of the Department of Energy (DOE) application for a construction authorization and a license to receive and possess high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel is provided. The paper also includes a detailed description of the hearing process

  3. 10 CFR 52.173 - Duration of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duration of manufacturing license. 52.173 Section 52.173... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.173 Duration of manufacturing license. A manufacturing license... issuance. A holder of a manufacturing license may not initiate the manufacture of a reactor less than...

  4. 10 CFR 52.105 - Transfer of combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of combined license. 52.105 Section 52.105 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Combined Licenses § 52.105 Transfer of combined license. A combined license may be transferred...

  5. CAN OPEN MEAN TERBUKA? NEGOTIATING LICENSES FOR INDONESIAN VIDEO ACTIVISM

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Crosby; Ferdiansyah Thajib

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: Since the fall of Suharto’s New Order regime in Indonesia, space has been opened up for the emergence and development of new practices of media production and distribution, such as the use of video for social change. As access to the technology for producing, distributing and watching video becomes increasingly democratised in Indonesia over this period, a spectrum of approaches to licensing are developing in response to ideology as well as economic impetus. These include the full a...

  6. A Generalized Theorem for Joint Ventures and Licensing Negotiations

    OpenAIRE

    Farok J Contractor

    1985-01-01

    Traditional theory has viewed direct investment, licensing and trade mainly as foreign market-entry alternatives. However, a growing number of overseas ventures are being formed as a mix of the 3 methods, where a joint venture partner may be compensated by a package involving some return on equity investment, plus royalties, plus margins on components or finished product traded with the joint venture corporation. This paper presents an algebraic model for the negotiations position of each par...

  7. 76 FR 38463 - SAFE Mortgage Licensing Act: Minimum Licensing Standards and Oversight Responsibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... On December 15, 2009, at 74 FR 66548, HUD published a proposed rule to clarify HUD's responsibilities... Mortgage Licensing Act: Minimum Licensing Standards and Oversight Responsibilities; Final Rule #0;#0...: Minimum Licensing Standards and Oversight Responsibilities AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...

  8. Reproductive 'surrogacy' and parental licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overall, Christine

    2015-06-01

    A serious moral weakness of reproductive 'surrogacy' is that it can be harmful to the children who are created. This article presents a proposal for mitigating this weakness. Currently, the practice of commercial 'surrogacy' operates only in the interests of the adults involved (the gestator and the commissioning individuals who employ her), not in the interests of the child who is created. Whether 'surrogacy' is seen as the purchase of a baby, the purchase of parental rights, or the purchase of reproductive labor, all three views share the same significant flaws. They endorse the transfer, for a fee, of the infant from the woman who gestated it to those who commissioned it, but without justifying such a transfer; they fail to demonstrate that the commissioners have any entitlement to the infant, or, for that matter, suitability to be the infant's parents; and they fail to take any notice of the infant's needs, interests, and wellbeing. A mere genetic connection is not enough to establish that the commissioners are entitled to receive the baby or that they are competent to raise it. Their good intentions, however caring, are not enough. Therefore, just as in the practice of adoption, there should be a formal institutionalized system for screening and licensing the prospective social parents, which would make the infant's needs, interests, and wellbeing paramount. I reply to several potential objections to this proposal, including the objection that genetic parents who raise their own child are not screened and licensed. PMID:25082172

  9. Cask development, testing, and licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NuPac 125-B Rail Cask was developed to provide a safe means of transporting the damaged core of Three Mile Island Unit 2 from the TMI site at Middletown, PA, to the Idaho National Engineering laboratory (INEL) at Idaho Falls, ID. The development of the NuPac 125-B Rail Cask posed two engineering and technical management challenges; Licensing Strategy - The NuPac 125-B Rail Cask represented the first irradiated fuel rail cask developed within the United States in the past decade, a decade characterized by changing nuclear regulations, and Accelerated Schedule - The TMI-2 defueling schedule demanded a cask development schedule one-third as long as normally required. These challenges governed the overall development and licensing process for the cask. First, a high degree of conservation was incorporated into the design to allow quick, simplified demonstrations of adequacy to regulatory staff. Second, redundant design techniques were employed in all areas of uncertainty. The testing program eliminated performance uncertainties and validated predictions and predictive models. Drop tests of a quarter-scale model of the cask were conducted, and results were correlated with analytic predictions to verify structural and mechanical performance of the cask. Full-scale tests of the canisters were conducted to verify structural behavior of canister internals which provide criticality control. This paper describes the testing program for the NuPac 125-B Rail Cask, presents results therefrom, and correlates findings with Regulation 10 CFR 71 of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  10. 78 FR 35273 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... new biological products contain data that are adequate to assess the safety and effectiveness of the... and advertisements for biological products as well as for prescription drugs and antibiotics. The... Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262), manufacturers of biological products must submit a license application...

  11. Production and diffusion of technological knowledge on environment licenses on shore: an experience of CEFET-RN and PROMINP; Producao e difusao de conhecimentos tecnologicos sobre licenciamento ambiental 'on shore': uma experiencia do CEFET-RN e do PROMINP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pagado, Erika Araujo da Cunha; Silva, Valdenildo Pedro da [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica do Rio Grande do Norte (CEFET-RN), Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents an initiative of the CEFET-RN and the PROMINP of execution of a course of specialization directed toward the production and diffusion of technological knowledge and the qualification of professionals who can act, in the elaboration of environment studies of enterprises in the area of oil and gas on shore. The qualification of professionals and companies is considered important so that can act in the activity of oil and natural gas environment licensing, in accordance with the principles which guides Brazilian environment normalization, in search of the sustainable development. The objective of the course is specialize professionals to act in the area of environment management, planning, coordination, management and execution of activities to the environment area, attempting against the principles of sustainable management. Moreover, it aims at to deepen the knowledge about the elaboration, installment of consulting and assessor of public and private institutions, in regards to act of environment studies, directed toward the petroliferous activity on Shore. The course is developed by means of instructions modules that contemplate knowledge of diverse areas of science and, mainly, of the petroliferous and environment activity. The achievement of the modules contributes to improve the qualification of involved professionals with the elaboration of environment studies that are demanded in the processes of environment licensing of activities of the area of oil and gas on shore. (author)

  12. 75 FR 70674 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... valid bonds. License Number: 020760F. Name: AAA Cuban Transportation Cargo & Logistics, Inc. Address... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  13. Licensing aspects regarding the RBMN project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The licensing process of a waste disposal facility is a complex and demanding undertaking. It proceeds in phases, starting with the site selection and ending many decades later, when the radionuclides decayed and no longer offer possible hazard. That is one of the reasons why the licensing process for the Brazilian repository for low and intermediate level radioactive waste (RBMN Project) is a challenge for all the technicians involved. Besides that, the only national experience associated to this subject arose after a radiological accident in the State of Goias, in 1987. Two different institutions are involved in this licensing process: IBAMA, for environmental licensing, and CNEN, for nuclear licensing. Both of them will evaluate the possible impacts caused by the waste disposal, so it is essential to avoid conflicts and duplications of activities. The RBMN project has different teams for each main activity, and one of them is the Licensing group. This team has been planning the licensing activities for the repository, studying the legal framework and estimating costs and execution time for each step. This paper presents the status of the licensing activities regarding to the RBMN project done by the CNEN staff. (author)

  14. Licensing of ''grandfather's'' facilities: Ukrainian experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the former USSR, unlike most countries, radioactive waste management activities including waste disposal needed no license. But after the USSR breakdown the Ukrainian Parliament -- Verkhovna Rada -- invoked the revised Law on Business activities. According to Article 4 of the Law, in order to treat or to dispose radioactive waste every enterprise has to get a special permission or license. In compliance with the Law, the Cabinet of Ministers by its Ordinance of January 13, 1993, authorized the Ukrainian State Committee for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (UkrSCNRS) to issue special permissions or licenses for waste treatment and disposal. And that requirement was valid not only for future activities but also for existing facilities in operation. Taking into account the undergoing legislative process, SCNRS began to develop its licensing process without waiting for the special nuclear laws to be passed. On the basis of the legislation already in effect, first of all the Law on Enterprises (full responsibility of enterprises for their activities) and Law on Business activities (requirement to have a license for special types of activities), the newly formed national regulatory body had to identify all the enterprises that needed to be licensed, to establish relevant procedures, to develop related regulatory documents, to implement these procedures and documents at operating enterprises, and for each case to make a decision concerning feasibility of issuing a license, period of validity and license conditions

  15. 22 CFR 96.30 - State licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State licensing. 96.30 Section 96.30 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS UNDER THE INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTION ACT OF 2000 (IAA) Standards for Convention Accreditation and Approval Licensing and Corporate Governance §...

  16. NEG-shift, Licensing, and Repair Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ken Ramshøj

    2008-01-01

    I entertain the idea that the cross-linguistic variation in the licensing of NEG-shift, the movement of negative objects to spec-NegP, can be accounted for by a few representational constraints that are not directly related to case licensing or feature checking, and which potentially conflict wit...

  17. Licensing-In Fosters Rapid Invention!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Reichstein, Toke

    2012-01-01

    -back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to licensor. Also, the effect is significantly reduced if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology. The effect of the grant-back clause is offset if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology, suggesting that the licensee retains the...... incentives to invent under these circumstances...

  18. 75 FR 62692 - Dairy Import Licensing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... the historical license reduction provisions of the Dairy Import Licensing Program, 7 CFR part 6, for a... this proposed rule to Ron Lord, Branch Chief, Sugar and Dairy Branch, Import and Trade Support Programs... CONTACT: Ron Lord, Branch Chief, Sugar and Dairy Branch, Import and Trade Support Programs...

  19. Licensing of radioactive material (CPR Part 2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Code of PAEC Regulations (CPR) part 2 sets forth the rules and regulations applicable to all persons in the Philippines governing the licensing of radioactive materials by the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI). The following are the parts of the CPR, 1) General provisions, 2) Exceptions, 3) Licenses, 4) Records, reports, inspections and tests, and 5) Enforcement. (ELC)

  20. Licensing Teachers: Design for a Teaching Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Arthur E.; And Others

    This report presents a new comprehensive design for licensing teachers. The design would require beginning teachers to complete a supervised internship as the penultimate step in the licensing process. Local school districts, operating under state guidelines, would be expected to make carefully planned internships available to all beginning…

  1. Cost and risk reduction using upfront licensing in Canada. Annex 15

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper summarizes the use of 'up-front' licensing in Canada - how licensing requirements are defined, and met - in advance of a project commitment. The approach to licensing in Canada has allowed flexibility in development of new designs. Since licensing was originally risk-based, and current regulatory policy allows cost-benefit considerations as part of the decision making, risk can be and should be used in novel circumstances as a licensing tool. Since the licensing framework is non-prescriptive, innovative approaches to design can be introduced and dispositioned without changing the legal structure. This flexibility has been used in several up-front licensing reviews: a small urban heating reactor, repeat CANDU 6 generating station units, and the single unit CANDU 9 generating station. In the future we expect to apply it to advanced designs, as an essential part of risk reduction and customer confidence in the product. The important lessons learned in Canada include: Up-front licensing is essential to reduce the risk of licensing-related delays once a project has been committed. It requires a significant investment in time and effort from both the designer and the regulator; The most effective scope for up-front licensing is for the regulator to thoroughly assess novel concepts, test the design against changed domestic requirements, and follow-up on known difficult areas; and for the designer to ensure foreign requirements are incorporated. There is little benefit in certifying the design in detail; Although it would be satisfying to have legally-binding certification, in the end there can be no legal obligation on the regulator, and agreement is pursued on the basis of good faith that the regulator will not make arbitrary decisions and that the designer will meet agreed targets or requirements; In almost all circumstances, issues will arise that are beyond the current 'rules', however expressed. Rather than rushing to create new rules, one reaches a

  2. 7 CFR 735.103 - Amendments to license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing... licensing and examination fees; (c) Receipt of bonding or other financial assurance if required in...

  3. Assessment and improvement on system of licensing for work with ionizing radiation in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article outlined regulations, authorities and responsibilities for licensing in China. The health departments at provincial level issue the license certificates to the units engaging in the production, use or sale of radioisotopes or apparatus equipped with radiation source or radiation-emitting apparatus, and have the duty of supervising and monitoring the security about radiation work. For the particular dangers of radiation sources, there is deficiency and shortage of the current licensing system, such as ignorance of the importance of keeping detail records about sources, poor communications among every health department, poor actions to prevent illegal and secret radiation work such as secret use and sale. We are going to improve our licensing system by hardware (computer technology) and software (management). (author)

  4. AVC/H.264 patent portfolio license

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skandalis, Dean A.

    2006-08-01

    MPEG LA, LLC offers a joint patent license for the AVC (a/k/a H.264) Standard (ISO/IEC IS 14496-10:2004). Like MPEG LA's other licenses, the AVC Patent Portfolio License is offered for the convenience of the marketplace as an alternative enabling users to access essential intellectual property owned by many patent holders under a single license rather than negotiating licenses with each of them individually. The AVC Patent Portfolio License includes essential patents owned by DAEWOO Electronics Corporation; Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI); France Telecom, societe anonyme; Fujitsu Limited; Hitachi, Ltd.; Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.; LG Electronics Inc.; Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.; Microsoft Corporation; Mitsubishi Electric Corporation; Robert Bosch GmbH; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.; Sedna Patent Services, LLC; Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha; Siemens AG; Sony Corporation; The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York; Toshiba Corporation; UB Video Inc.; and Victor Company of Japan, Limited. Another is expected also to join as of August 1, 2006. MPEG LA's objective is to provide worldwide access to as much AVC essential intellectual property as possible for the benefit of AVC users. Therefore, any party that believes it has essential patents is welcome to submit them for evaluation of their essentiality and inclusion in the License if found essential.

  5. Regulation and license for NPP in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Any activity relating to nuclear energy shall maintain safety, security, safeguards, health worker and public as well as environmental protection, according to article 16(1) act No. 10 year 1997 on Nuclear Energy. The act No. 10 year 1997 on Nuclear Energy stipulated independent government agency as nuclear energy regulatory called BAPETEN (Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency). BAPETEN has task to make regulation, licensing process and inspection. Bapeten shall have a licensing and inspection system in fulfilling his function to issued licensing according to Nuclear Energy Act. In Article 17 stipulated that any nuclear energy utilization or construction and operation of nuclear reactor and other nuclear installation as well as decommissioning of nuclear reactor shall have license. Requirements and process to issue license for nuclear reactor stipulated further in Government Regulation no. 43 year 2006. The purpose of the Government Regulation No. 43 is to stipulate licensing of nuclear reactor in order to assure the health of worker and public, environment protection and security of nuclear material and nuclear facility. Requirement and guidance in licensing NPP mandated by Government Regulation or Presidential Decree stipulated in Bapeten Chairman Regulation

  6. Hanau licenses voided by German state court

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On July 21, the Higher Administrative Court in the German state of Hesse declared illegal three of the first four partial construction licenses for the plutonium section of the Siemens fuel fabrication complex at Hanau. The licenses were issued in the late 1980s by the former Christian Democrat administration of Hesse, but final licensing of the plant - now 90 percent complete - has been held up by the Social Democrat/Green Party coalition government that is now in power. The court ruling came as a result of four cases, and a so-called urgent application, initiated by antinuclear groups in the area

  7. PBMR-SA licensing project organization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The South African nuclear regulatory authority, the Council for Nuclear Safety (CNS), is beginning the safety review of the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) design under development by the South African National Electrical Utility, Eskom. This paper describes the CNS licensing process, including the establishment of basic licensing criteria, general design criteria, and specific design rules, as well the safety assessment to be conducted in accordance with the established structure. It also summarises the CNS PBMR review project activities, including the overall organisational arrangements, licensing basis, safety and risk assessment, general operating rules and plant design engineering, and pre-operational testing. (author)

  8. Contractual Solutions in Electronic Publishing Industry: A Comparative study of License Agreements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.T. Anuradha

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology (IT revolution has brought global change and has impact on electronic publishing industry also. In the digital and networked environment, publishers are concerned about protecting their products from illegal use. Copyright has been proclaimed as an important weapon by the publishers to safeguard their products. In view of the increasing importance that is gained by contract law in electronic publishing, more and more libraries are engaged in signing License Agreements for getting access to all types of electronic information products. It has become imperative on the part of librarians to have knowledge of License agreements and their clauses. The body of the license agreements differs from publisher to publisher and is product dependent too. Since there is a difference between the license agreements of societal publishers and commercial publishers, an attempt is made here to carry out a comparative study of the clauses of the license agreements among commercial publishers at the first level and societal publishers at the second level. It is observed that the licensors’ rights are well protected compared to that of licensees’ rights.

  9. The Transaction Cost Benefits of Electronic Patent Licensing Platforms: A Discussion at the Example of the PatentBooks Model

    OpenAIRE

    Ghafele, Roya; Gibert, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Current mechanisms to compensate inventors and improve legal access to their inventions remain ineffective. Manufacturers encounter significant transaction costs in the process of licensing the multitude of patent rights implicated in their products. High-technology product manufacturing requires access to a diverse pool of technologies that are owned by different organizations all over the world. The transaction costs of licensing these disparate rights are inhibiting unlicensed manufacturer...

  10. 9 CFR 166.5 - Licensed garbage-treatment facility standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensed garbage-treatment facility standards. 166.5 Section 166.5 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.5...

  11. License Compliance Issues For Biopharmaceuticals: Special Challenges For Negotiations Between Companies And Non-Profit Research Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzio, Todd A; Feindt, Hans; Ferguson, Steven

    2011-09-01

    Biopharmaceuticals are therapeutic products based on biotechnology. They are manufactured by or from living organisms and are the most complex of all commercial medicines to develop, manufacture and qualify for regulatory approval. In recent years biopharmaceuticals have rapidly increased in number and importance with over 400() already marketed in the U.S. and European markets alone. Many companies throughout the world are now ramping up investments in biopharmaceutical R&D and expanding their portfolios through licensing of early-stage biotechnologies from universities and other non-profit research institutions, and there is an increasing number of license agreements for biopharmaceutical product development relative to traditional small molecule drug compounds. This trend will only continue as large numbers of biosimilars and biogenerics enter the market.A primary goal of technology transfer offices associated with publicly-funded, non-profit research institutions is to establish patent protection for inventions deemed to have commercial potential and license them for product development. Such licenses help stimulate economic development and job creation, bring a stream of royalty revenue to the institution and, hopefully, advance the public good or public health by bringing new and useful products to market. In the course of applying for such licenses, a commercial development plan is usually put forth by the license applicant. This plan indicates the path the applicant expects to follow to bring the licensed invention to market. In the case of small molecule drug compounds, there exists a widely-recognized series of clinical development steps, dictated by regulatory requirements, that must be met to bring a new drug to market, such as completion of preclinical toxicology, Phase 1, 2 and 3 testing and product approvals. These steps often become the milestone/benchmark schedule incorporated into license agreements which technology transfer offices use to monitor

  12. The licensing dilemma: understanding the determinants of the rate of technology licensing

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The licensing of technology entails a trade-off: licensing payments net of transaction costs (revenue effect) must be balanced against the lower price-cost margin and/or reduced market share implied by increased competition (profit dissipation effect) from the licensee. We argue that the presence of multiple technology holders, which compete in the market for technology, changes such a trade-off and triggers more aggressive licensing behavior. To test our theory, we analyze technology licensi...

  13. Handling of design and licensing changes in Hungary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulatory and licensing matters related to the siting, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of NPPs are within the remits of several different authorities in Hungary, as describing in the following: — Nuclear regulation, licensing and regulatory oversight are within the responsibilities of the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority (HAEA), as stated in the Atomic Energy Act CXVI, 1996; — Environmental protection aspects of the use of nuclear energy are within the realm of the National Inspectorate for the Environment, Nature and Water, as stipulated by the Environmental Protection Act LIII, 1995; — Production and commercial aspects of power generation are within the responsibilities of the Hungarian Energy Office, on the basis of the Electric Energy Act LXXXVI, 2007; — Health physics aspects are under the responsibility of the National Public Health and Medical Officer Service, on the basis of a government directive. In addition, several government and ministerial directives have included regulations related to NPP operation. The nuclear safety regulation is the most significant of these for the handling of design and licensing changes

  14. Compulsory licenses for pharmaceuticals: an inconvenient truth?

    OpenAIRE

    Thambisetty, Sivaramjani

    2013-01-01

    LSE’s Sivaramjani Thambisetty discusses the legal and strategic implications for the pharmaceutical industry of the Indian decision to uphold the grant of the first compulsory license on a patented drug.

  15. Licensing and Certification District Offices, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data contains a list of California Licensing and Certification District Offices. The California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Care Quality,...

  16. Licensing of HTGRs in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The licensing history of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) in the United States is given historical perspective. The experience began with the licensing of the Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station and extends to the continuing experience at the Fort St. Vrain Nuclear Generating Station. Additional experience was obtained from the licensing reviews in the mid-1970s of the large HTGR plants that were to be built by Philadelphia Electric Company and Delmarva Power and Light. Also, information was provided by the licensing review of the General Atomic standard plant by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at about the same time. These experiences are summarized in terms of the principal design criteria that were required by the regulatory authority for each project. These criteria include specification of the design basis accidents that were postulated for the plant safety analysis. Several technical issues raised by the NRC during their review of the large HTGR are presented. (author)

  17. Visualization of License Plate Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyi Ruan

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The image of the license plate is located and segmented by some digital-image processing technologies such as gray-scale processing, gray-scale stretching and filtering, edge detection, morphological processing, Hough transformation etc. According to the characteristics of the license plate, binary matrix of character image sets the fuzzy matrix, and based on the principle of proximity computing space of closeness to get the fuzzy pattern recognition of characters. On the basis of the data of image pixels, the samples which are randomly selected under noisy condition and which are treated by morphological processing are randomly selected, and then the samples are used to test the simulation and identification of Back Propagation (BP Neural Networks. With the mathematical software-Matlab programming, the license plates are recognized. The aim is to develop the Visualization of user interface in License Plate Recognition System.  

  18. Licensing Opportunities for NIH, CDC & FDA Technologies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This dataset represents all technologies available for licensing from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the...

  19. 10 CFR 55.57 - Renewal of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrator specified in § 55.5(b). (3) Provide written evidence of the applicant's experience under the... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Renewal of licenses. 55.57 Section 55.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Licenses § 55.57 Renewal of licenses. (a) The...

  20. 7 CFR 6.32 - Globalization of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Globalization of licenses. 6.32 Section 6.32 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing § 6.32 Globalization of licenses. If the Licensing Authority determines that entries of an...

  1. 78 FR 21366 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act... 26, 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 022076NF. Name: KT Logistics,...

  2. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  3. 10 CFR 52.167 - Issuance of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of manufacturing license. 52.167 Section 52.167... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.167 Issuance of manufacturing license. (a) After completing any... manufacturing license if the Commission finds that: (1) Applicable standards and requirements of the Act and...

  4. 10 CFR 51.54 - Environmental report-manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental report-manufacturing license. 51.54 Section... report—manufacturing license. (a) Each applicant for a manufacturing license under subpart F of part 52... Environmental Report—Manufacturing License.” The environmental report must address the costs and benefits...

  5. 21 CFR 601.5 - Revocation of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Revocation of license. 601.5 Section 601.5 Food... LICENSING General Provisions § 601.5 Revocation of license. (a) A biologics license shall be revoked upon... for, and offering an opportunity for a hearing on the proposed revocation if the Commissioner...

  6. 10 CFR 52.104 - Duration of combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duration of combined license. 52.104 Section 52.104 Energy... Combined Licenses § 52.104 Duration of combined license. A combined license is issued for a specified... criteria are met under § 52.103(g) or allowing operation during an interim period under the...

  7. 10 CFR 52.103 - Operation under a combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the combined license will be processed as a request for action in accordance with 10 CFR 2.206. The... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operation under a combined license. 52.103 Section 52.103... POWER PLANTS Combined Licenses § 52.103 Operation under a combined license. (a) The licensee...

  8. 10 CFR 52.109 - Continuation of combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Continuation of combined license. 52.109 Section 52.109... POWER PLANTS Combined Licenses § 52.109 Continuation of combined license. Each combined license for a... applicable to the facility in accordance with the NRC's regulations and the provisions of the...

  9. Establishing a safety and licensing basis for generation IV advanced reactors. License by test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The license by test approach to licensing is a novel method of licensing reactors. It provides an opportunity to deal with innovative non-water reactors in a direct way on a time scale that could permit early certification based on tests of a demonstration reactor. The uncertainties in the design and significant contributors to risk would be identified in the PRA during the design. Deterministic analysis computer codes could be tested on a real reactor. Scaling effects and associated uncertainties would be minimized. License by test is an approach that has sufficient merit to be developed and tested

  10. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator licensed hardware package and certification tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the Licensed Hardware package and the Certification Test portions of the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Transportation System. This package has been designed to meet those portions of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 71) relating to ''Type B'' shipments of radioactive materials. The detailed information for the anticipated license is presented in the safety analysis report for packaging, which is now in process and undergoing necessary reviews. As part of the licensing process, a full-size Certification Test Article unit, which has modifications slightly different than the Licensed Hardware or production shipping units, is used for testing. Dimensional checks of the Certification Test Article were made at the manufacturing facility. Leak testing and drop testing were done at the 300 Area of the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The hardware includes independent double containments to prevent the environmental spread of 238Pu, impact limiting devices to protect portions of the package from impacts, and thermal insulation to protect the seal areas from excess heat during accident conditions. The package also features electronic feed-throughs to monitor the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator's temperature inside the containment during the shipment cycle. This package is designed to safely dissipate the typical 4500 thermal watts produced in the largest Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators. The package also contains provisions to ensure leak tightness when radioactive materials, such as a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator for the Cassini Mission, planned for 1997 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, are being prepared for shipment. These provisions include test ports used in conjunction with helium mass spectrometers to determine seal leakage rates of each containment during the assembly process

  11. Current safety issues of CANDU licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As requested by Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety(KINS), the status of five generic licensing issues has been examined and their potential impact on a new plant that would be constructed in Canada has been evaluated. The results and conclusions of this evaluation are summarized as follows: steam explosion in calandria, hydrogen explosion in containment, use of PSA in reactor licensing, human factors, safety critical software

  12. Spectrum licensing, policy instruments and market entry

    OpenAIRE

    Madden, Gary; Bohlin, Erik; Tran, Thien; Morey, Aaron

    2013-01-01

    Competition policy attempts to address the potential for market failure by encouraging competition in service markets. Often, in wireless communication service markets, national regulatory authorities seek to encourage entry via the spectrum assignment process. Instruments used include the assignment mode (auction or beauty contest), setting aside licenses and providing bidding (price and quantity) credits for potential entrants, and making more licenses (spectrum blocks) available than incum...

  13. Smart Card Driving License System in Gujarat

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Kumar

    2005-01-01

    Gujarat was the first state in India which introduced the smart card license system in 1999. It was the first place in the world which introduced this innovative system and, thus, its implementation was a real challenge. As of now, Gujarat Government has issued 5 million smart card driving licenses to its people. This card is basically a plastic card having ISO 7810 certification and integrated circuit,capable of storing and verifying information according to its programming. To avoid corrupt...

  14. Improving the Business Trade Licensing Reform Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Gamser, Matthew

    2003-01-01

    This case study of Kenyan business trade licensing shows that red-tape costs can be cut if reform is championed strongly and there is a strong case in terms of costs and benefits. The reform of business registration, trade licensing and other business entry procedures is a cost effective and progressive way to promote indigenous private sector development. But, reform needs more than good cost-benefit analysis and legal drafting; it also requires building constituencies and continuous advocacy.

  15. Licensing of nuclear and radioactive installations in Peru

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Peru, the Regulation for Ionizing Radiation Sources is applied, which establishes the norms and procedures to follow in the nuclear and radioactive installations of the country in order to assure their correct operation as concerns to the nuclear safety and radiological protection, allowing the emission of the respective licenses. As for the nuclear facilities, this authorization includes the Previous License, the Construction License and the Operation License (provisional and definitive) and for radioactive facilities and equipment generating ionizing radiations: the Construction License and the Operation License. The personnel also require a license that can be an operator license (as for nuclear reactors) or a supervisor license (for nuclear and radioactive facilities). In spite of the above mentioned regulation and its long enforcement period, less than 10% of radioactive facilities in this country are licensed, due to different problems which will be solved in the medium term. (Author)

  16. License renewal industry reports: An overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 40 year limit for nuclear power plant operating licenses in the United States was established in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. This was established primarily on the basis of a reasonable investment recovery period, rather than the result of technical life evaluations. Technical and economic evaluations have confirmed the feasibility of operation beyond the original license term. As the first of these operating licenses nears expiration, considerable efforts are being made by both the industry (under the direction of EPRI and DOE) and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to demonstrate the technical and institutional basis for a predictable, rational and stable license extension option. These efforts include the publication of a proposed license renewal rule, and issuance of a series of Industry Reports (IRs). The IRs were developed with the common objective of identifying and resolving key technical issues associated with age-related degradation of selected Light Water Reactor (LWR) Systems, Structures and Components (SSCs). This paper addresses the ten IRs developed by the industry, and how they contribute to streamlining the license renewal process

  17. 77 FR 13376 - Notice of License Termination for the University of Arizona Research Reactor, License No. R-52

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... COMMISSION Notice of License Termination for the University of Arizona Research Reactor, License No. R-52 The... No. R-52, for the University of Arizona Research Reactor (UARR). The NRC has terminated the license... released for unrestricted use. Therefore, Facility Operating License No. R-52 is terminated. For...

  18. New Reactor Licensing Status and Lessons Learned

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation deals with new reactor licensing status and lessons learned in the USA. The presentation covers a status of licensing for large light water reactors in the USA and insights and lessons learned from licensing reviews and on-going construction activities. In the area of lessons learned, the presentation highlights the importance of pre-application interactions between applicants and the regulator. It notes that early interactions and reviews are important for major policy and technical issues and areas where research may be needed. It highlights the importance of communication, the success of on-sight audits of detailed calculations and analyses, and the importance for applicants and regulators to be aware of issues arising on similar applications domestically and internationally. It next discusses the importance of translation of design into construction documents as well as the need to ensure that construction is conducted in accordance with the licensing basis, especially under the U.S. one-step licensing process. The presentation also provides a discussion on new processes being implemented to address the need for changes during construction. These include a preliminary amendment request process by which the licensee could seek a no objection letter from the regulator to proceeding with installing and testing a proposed change pending U.S.NRC's review of the license amendment request. It also discusses the use of pre-submittal meetings with licensees on draft amendment requests in order to provide feedback and expedite the review of the amendments when submitted. It notes the ongoing work to address Fukushima lessons learned. It concludes by noting that the U.S.NRC has initiated a comprehensive review to identify best practices and potential enhancements to its new reactor licensing processes and that a report should be published in early 2013

  19. General aspects of radiological protection to consider for the licensing a hospital cyclotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of PET/PET-CT studies for a variety of diagnoses has increased significantly on a global scale. Modern medical cyclotrons must be placed in or near hospitals on account of the short radioactive half-life of the pharmaceuticals used in such studies. Many countries in Latin America are now licensing cyclotrons and laboratories for the production of radio-pharmaceuticals for the first time, and most are expected to have installations within the near future. This report outlines the general aspects of radiological protection important to consideration during the licensing of these facilities, and includes the following: general operation of the cyclotron and laboratory for the production of radiopharmaceuticals, safety systems (shielding, interlocks, ventilation, manual safety systems, alarms and monitors), and general aspects for licensing an installation (monitoring, accidental and incidental events, activation of components, etc.) and personnel. (authors)

  20. Gamma irradiation facility: License and authorization processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    National and international regulations demand that the competent authority should issue licenses to authorize users of ionizing radiation after satisfactory completion of the conditions set by the authority in line with international standards. In the process five (5) licenses (Site selection, Design, Construction, Importation and Transportation of Radioactive sources and Commissioning) were requested for by the management of SHESTCO and were issued by the Nigeria Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NNRA) after going through the rigorous and laborious process. Despite the fact that the installations of the major components of the facility were completed before the establishment of the NNRA, it took close to 2 years to secure all the licenses. The licenses for site selection, design and construction were issued retroactively after proper review of the compliance with the national and international regulations by experts from Nigeria and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria. It was tough, to say the least, to secure the licenses for the importation of radioactive sources, and the Hot Commissioningwith the radioactive sources already installed but unused

  1. A BWR licensing experience in the USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US-Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (A BWR), certified by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC), is a third generation, evolutionary boiling water reactor design which is the reference for the South Texas Project Units 3 and 4 (STP3-4) Combined License Application (Cola). Nuclear Innovation North America (Nina) is the License Applicant for this new build project, and Toshiba is the selected primary technology contractor. The STP3-4 project has finished the US NRC technical review of the Cola through the final meeting of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS), and the Final Safety Evaluation Report (FSER) is scheduled to be issued by the US NRC in the middle of 2015. The next steps are to support the Mandatory Hearing process, and voting by the NRC commissioners on the motion to grant the Combined License, which is scheduled beginning of 2016 according to US NRC schedule as of March 30, 2015. This paper summarizes the history and progress of the US-A BWR licensing, including the experiences of the Licensee, Nina, and Toshiba as the Epc team worked through the Code of Federal Regulations Title 10 (10-Cfr) Part 52 process, and provides some perspectives on how the related licensing material would also be of value within a 10-Cfr Part 50, two-step process to minimize schedule and financial risks which could arise from ongoing technical developments and regulatory reviews. (Author)

  2. NRC materials licensing business process reengineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has issued 6550 active licenses that authorize possession and use of byproduct, source, and special nuclear material. In October 1994, the NRC staff began to examine the process used to issue these licenses to identify ways to improve the process. In addition to examining the current process, the staff was directed to develop a new process design that would accomplish the following goals: (1) Maintain or raise the level of public safety achieved by the current process, (2) Perform licensing reviews and associated tasks an order of magnitude faster than the current process, (3) Exploit modern information technology as a fundamental part of the new process, and (4) Reduce the resources needed to carry out the licensing program to meet the projected 1997-1999 staffing levels. The method used for this examination is called Business Process Reengineering (BPR). BPR is the process of fundamentally changing the way work is performed so as to achieve radical performance improvements in speed, cost, and quality. Features of the new licensing process, scheduled to begin in 1996, are outlined in this paper

  3. A BWR licensing experience in the USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, J.; Ogura, C. [Toshiba America Nuclear Energy, Charlotte, North Carolina (United States); Arai, K. [Toshiba Corporation, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan); Thomas, S.; Mookhoek, B., E-mail: jim.powers@toshiba.com [Nuclear Innovation North America, Lake Jackson, Texas (United States)

    2015-09-15

    The US-Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (A BWR), certified by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC), is a third generation, evolutionary boiling water reactor design which is the reference for the South Texas Project Units 3 and 4 (STP3-4) Combined License Application (Cola). Nuclear Innovation North America (Nina) is the License Applicant for this new build project, and Toshiba is the selected primary technology contractor. The STP3-4 project has finished the US NRC technical review of the Cola through the final meeting of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS), and the Final Safety Evaluation Report (FSER) is scheduled to be issued by the US NRC in the middle of 2015. The next steps are to support the Mandatory Hearing process, and voting by the NRC commissioners on the motion to grant the Combined License, which is scheduled beginning of 2016 according to US NRC schedule as of March 30, 2015. This paper summarizes the history and progress of the US-A BWR licensing, including the experiences of the Licensee, Nina, and Toshiba as the Epc team worked through the Code of Federal Regulations Title 10 (10-Cfr) Part 52 process, and provides some perspectives on how the related licensing material would also be of value within a 10-Cfr Part 50, two-step process to minimize schedule and financial risks which could arise from ongoing technical developments and regulatory reviews. (Author)

  4. RM - ODP to express nuclear licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of CNEN (Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear) is established by standards and procedures, which allow one context where several activities for nuclear licensing are realized by persons, machines and other entities of real world and by software systems. The CNEN objectives for licensing nuclear installations can be specified and they define how the systems are consisted, its nature, and which important elements were considered relevant for its constitution. The behavior, where the software will be operated, was likely defined in this paper through all aspects of its business process, which means from its licensing context. The concepts and definition showed here defined one specifics business domain, through ODP context. The functionalities of nuclear licensing process, the relationship scope and the rules of interaction that contributed for to specify the nuclear licensing process were defined, too. Therefore, the definition of the domain follows the orientation of architecture concepts and allows to implement the reflection model, where, with the auxiliary from IDEF0 (Integration Definition for Function Modeling) diagrams, the interactions between extern domains were mapped

  5. Use of modeling in repository licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of the regulatory history of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations applicable to the licensing of a geologic repository, as well as a review of NRC administrative (licensing) decisions and federal case law, support the NRC's use of simplified models, in appropriate circumstances, which provide well-documented and reasonably conservative bounding assumptions, together with the use of expert judgement, natural analogues, and other aids to supplement available information, in reaching its reasonable assurance determination whether the public health and safety will be adequately protected if the Yucca Mountain, Nevada site should be licensed for development as a geologic repository. Specific examples are provided to assist the reader to better understand how such qualitative concepts as open-quote reasonable assurance close-quote, open-quote reasonably conservative close-quote, and open-quote adequate close-quote protection are used in an administrative context to resolve technical issues

  6. The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through the Atomic Energy Act, Congress made is possible for the public to get a full and fair hearing on civilian nuclear matters. Individuals who are directly affected by any licensing action involving a facility producing or utilizing nuclear materials may participate in a formal hearing, on the record, before independent judges on the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (ASLBP or Panel). Frequently, in deciding whether a license, permit, amendment, or extension should be granted to a particular applicant, the Panel members must be more than mere umpires. If appropriate, they are authorized to go beyond the issues the parties place before them in order to identify, explore, and resolve significant questions involving threats to the public health and safety that come to a board's attention during the proceedings. This brochure explains the purpose of the panel. Also addressed are: type of hearing handled; method of public participation; formality of hearings; high-level waste; other panel responsibilities and litigation technology

  7. PC-based car license plate reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Chung-Mu; Shu, Shyh-Yeong; Chen, Wen-Yu; Chen, Yie-Wern; Wen, Kuang-Pu

    1992-11-01

    A car license plate reader (CLPR) using fuzzy inference and neural network algorithm has been developed in Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and installed in highway toll stations to identify stolen cars. It takes an average of 0.7 seconds to recognize a car license plate by using a PC with 80486-50 CPU. The recognition rate of the system is about 97%. The techniques of CLPR include vehicle sensing, image grab control, optic pre- processing, lighting, and optic character recognition (OCR). The CLPR can be used in vehicle flow statistics, the checking of stolen vehicles, automatic charging systems in parking lots or garage management, and so on.

  8. 7 CFR 75.33 - Suspension or revocation of license of inspector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT... to why the license should not be suspended. After expiration of the 7-day period and consideration...

  9. 78 FR 17942 - Request To Amend a License To Export High-Enriched Uranium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... COMMISSION Request To Amend a License To Export High-Enriched Uranium Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public... Security material (High- kilograms U-235 LVR-15 Research will ultimately Administration. Enriched Uranium... medical isotope March 11, 2013 uranium) the list of production at the XSNM3622/02 research...

  10. 21 CFR 558.4 - Requirement of a medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Register citations affecting § 558.4, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirement of a medicated feed mill license. 558... (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS...

  11. 78 FR 21497 - Publication of General Licenses Related to the Burma Sanctions Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Availability This document and additional information concerning OFAC are available from OFAC's Web site ( www... November 16, 2012, OFAC issued General License No. 18 (``GL 18'') authorizing the importation into the United States of any article that is a product of Burma, subject to certain limitations. GL 18 does...

  12. When does inward technology licensing facilitate firms' NPD performance? A contingency perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Many firms find inward technology licensing (ITL), as a means to access external technological knowledge, an effective and relatively inexpensive way for new product development (NPD). However, although the literature has suggested some advantages and disadvantages of ITL with respect to NPD, the...

  13. When does inward technology licensing facilitate firms’ NPD performance? Evidence from China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li-Ying, Jason; Wang, Yuandi; Salomo, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly, many firms have found inward technology licensing a relatively quick and inexpensive way for new product development (NPD) as compared to internal R&D started. Although the literature on NPD has suggested some advantages and disadvantages regarding NPD by means of inward technology ...

  14. Government use licenses in Thailand: an assessment of the health and economic impacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaisiri Kakanang

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Between 2006 and 2008, Thailand's Ministry of Public Health (MOPH granted government use licenses for seven patented drugs in order to improve access to these essential treatments. The decision to grant the government use licenses was contentious both within and beyond the country. In particular, concerns were highlighted that the negative consequences might outweigh the expected benefits of the policy. This study conducted assessments of the health and economic implications of these government use licenses. Methods The health and health-related economic impacts were quantified in terms of i Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs gained and ii increased productivity in US dollars (USD as a result of the increased access to drugs. The study adopted a five-year timeframe for the assessment, commencing from the time of the grant of the government use licenses. Empirical evidence gathered from national databases was used to assess the changes in volume of exports after US Generalized System of Preferences (GSP withdrawal and level of foreign direct investment (FDI. Results As a result of the granting of the government use licenses, an additional 84,158 patients were estimated to have received access to the seven drugs over five years. Health gains from the use of the seven drugs compared to their best alternative accounted for 12,493 QALYs gained, which translates into quantifiable incremental benefits to society of USD132.4 million. The government use license on efavirenze was found to have the greatest benefit. In respect of the country's economy, the study found that Thailand's overall exports increased overtime, although exports of the three US GSP withdrawal products to the US did decline. There was also found to be no relationship between the government use licenses and the level of foreign investment over the period 2002 to 2008. Conclusions The public health benefits of the government use licenses were generally positive

  15. Guide to the selection, training, and licensing or certification of reprocessing plant operators. Volume I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 55, establishes procedures and criteria for the licensing of operators, including senior operators, in ''Production and Utilization Facilities'', which includes plants for reprocessing irradiated fuel. A training guide is presented which will facilitate the licensing of operators for nuclear reprocessing plants by offering generalized descriptions of the basic principles (theory) and the unit operations (mechanics) employed in reprocessing spent fuels. In the present volume, details about the portions of a training program that are of major interest to management are presented

  16. Guide to the selection, training, and licensing or certification of reprocessing plant operators. Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-06-01

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 55, establishes procedures and criteria for the licensing of operators, including senior operators, in ''Production and Utilization Facilities'', which includes plants for reprocessing irradiated fuel. A training guide is presented which will facilitate the licensing of operators for nuclear reprocessing plants by offering generalized descriptions of the basic principles (theory) and the unit operations (mechanics) employed in reprocessing spent fuels. In the present volume, details about the portions of a training program that are of major interest to management are presented. (JSR)

  17. 9 CFR 354.22 - Surrender of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... promptly be surrendered by the licensee to his immediate superior. Upon termination of the services of a licensed inspector, the licensee shall promptly surrender his license to his immediate superior....

  18. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Vol.4, No. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors

  19. 77 FR 42312 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  20. 77 FR 37044 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  1. 78 FR 3425 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of...

  2. Groundfish/Crab License Limitation Program (LLP) Permit Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — As of January 1, 2000 a Federal License Limitation Program (LLP) license is required for vessels participating in directed fishing for LLP groundfish species in the...

  3. 42 CFR 1001.501 - License revocation or suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... license), for reasons bearing on the individual's or entity's professional competence, professional performance or financial integrity; or (2) Has surrendered such a license while a formal disciplinary proceeding concerning the individual's or entity's professional competence, professional performance...

  4. 10 CFR 72.44 - License conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., construction and operation. The Commission may also include additional license conditions as it finds... materials of construction and geometric arrangements. (5) Administrative controls. Administrative controls... conditions: (1) Construction of the MRS may not begin until the Commission has authorized the construction...

  5. Partner Selection in Technological Licensing Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Trombini, Giulia

    as attractors, and market competition and potential involuntary spillovers act as repellants. Firms seek potential licensing partners by trying to maximize technological synergies while attempting to minimize the competitive downsides. We hypothesize that when licensees engage in matches involving a partner...

  6. 14 CFR 1274.942 - Export licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appropriate licenses or other approvals, if required, for exports of hardware, technical data, and software... International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120 through 130, and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), 15 CFR parts 730 through 799, in the performance of this Cooperative Agreement. In...

  7. Information management and NRC licensing: Intervenor's perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NRC licensing of a high-level waste repository will place extraordinary information management demands on its participants. The large volumes of information and logn timeframes in the program strongly support the efficacy of automated solutions. DOE is currently considering establishment of a computerized licensing support system (LSS), and NRC is considering institution of a negotiated rulemaking to amend its procedural rules for licensing to accommodate such a system. However, because the actual ability of affected parties to influence key programmatic decisions diminishes with time, the need for affected parties to gain ready access to repository data arises long before the formal licensing proceeding. The best and more efficient way to achieve a workable information management system in time to be useful is to develop the pilot system already set up by the NRC staff as an interim system, to subsequently develop that system into the full-blown LSS, and to retain its management within NRC. Appropriate means should be found to reimburse NRC for the costs of such a system from the Nuclear Waste Trust Fund

  8. The licensing procedure under Atomic Energy Law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This post-doctoral thesis of 1981 has been updated to include developments in this field up to the year 1983. The author discusses in detail all questions relating to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany, predominantly from the point of view of administrative law. He investigates nuclear energy and its contribution to electricity supplies with a view to other energy sources, renewable energy sources, alternative energy policies, nuclear fuel and the fuel cycle, development of the nuclear industry, nuclear power stations in operation, under construction, or in development. Following a survey of the nuclear controversy, both on the national and the international level, the author reviews the legal system and arising controversies in the Federal Republic of Germany, defining the purpose of this thesis to be the systematic analysis of the available legal instruments, in order to show structural deficiencies in the planning law relating to nuclear power stations, and thus reasons of ambiguities within the licensing procedure. The author studies the following terms and requirements: licensing requirements and licensability, the licensing method and scenario, the legal character of licences, their contents and effects within the stepwise procedure, and due publication. (HSCH)

  9. Permission Granted: Open Licensing for Educational Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissell, Ahrash N.

    2009-01-01

    Open licences are critical for defining Open Educational Resources. The goal of this article is to explain the logic of open licensing to teachers, funders, and educational policy-makers--to explain the relatively simple but vital considerations that are necessary to build this global educational commons of free learning material. In particular,…

  10. Image simulation for automatic license plate recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Raja; Zhao, Yonghui; Burry, Aaron; Kozitsky, Vladimir; Fillion, Claude; Saunders, Craig; Rodríguez-Serrano, José

    2012-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) is an important capability for traffic surveillance applications, including toll monitoring and detection of different types of traffic violations. ALPR is a multi-stage process comprising plate localization, character segmentation, optical character recognition (OCR), and identification of originating jurisdiction (i.e. state or province). Training of an ALPR system for a new jurisdiction typically involves gathering vast amounts of license plate images and associated ground truth data, followed by iterative tuning and optimization of the ALPR algorithms. The substantial time and effort required to train and optimize the ALPR system can result in excessive operational cost and overhead. In this paper we propose a framework to create an artificial set of license plate images for accelerated training and optimization of ALPR algorithms. The framework comprises two steps: the synthesis of license plate images according to the design and layout for a jurisdiction of interest; and the modeling of imaging transformations and distortions typically encountered in the image capture process. Distortion parameters are estimated by measurements of real plate images. The simulation methodology is successfully demonstrated for training of OCR.

  11. 15 CFR 336.5 - Licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licenses. 336.5 Section 336.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) INTERNATIONAL TRADE... authorization in writing or by electronic notice to the importer and providing a copy of such authorization...

  12. 15 CFR 335.5 - Licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licenses. 335.5 Section 335.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) INTERNATIONAL TRADE... its behalf by making such an authorization in writing or by electronic notice to the importer...

  13. Licensing Revisited: Open Access Clauses in Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit Schmidt

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Open access increases the visibility and use of research outputs and promises to maximize the return on our public investment in research. However, only a minority of researchers will "spontaneously" deposit their articles into an open access repository. Even with the growing number of institutional and funding agency mandates requiring the deposit of papers into the university repository, deposit rates have remained stubbornly low. As a result, the responsibility for populating repositories often falls onto the shoulders of library staff and/or repository managers. Populating repositories in this way – which involves obtaining the articles, checking the rights, and depositing articles into the repository – is time consuming and resource intensive work.The Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR, a global association of repository initiatives and networks, is promoting a new strategy for addressing some of the barriers to populating repositories, involving the use of open access archiving clauses in publisher licenses. These types of clauses are being considered by consortia and licensing agencies around the world as a way of ensuring that all the papers published by a given publisher are cleared for deposit into the institutional repository. This paper presents some use cases of open access archiving clauses, discusses the major barriers to implementing archiving language into licenses, and describes some strategies that organizations can adopt in order to include such clauses into publisher licenses.

  14. Information Technology Trends, Creative Commons Licenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felician ALECU

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Creative Commons licenses, also known as CC, allow the authors to retain the copyright over the works while granting some right to the others, like the permission to modify or to use the work for commercial purposes.

  15. You've Licensed It. Now What?

    OpenAIRE

    McCleskey, Sarah E.; Fischer, Christine M.; Milewski, Steven D.; Davis, Jim

    2015-01-01

    While libraries face challenges in building usage of a new medium like streaming video, strategic, active marketing by libraries, with support from vendors, can overcome these challenges. Time‐tested marketing strategies, as well as leveraging new promotional tools can help the library attain the usage that justifies the investment in new media. If you license, with a little help, they will come.

  16. Licensing failure in the European decentralised procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langedijk, Joris; Ebbers, Hans C; Mantel-Teeuwisse, Aukje K; Kruger-Peters, Alexandra G; Leufkens, Hubert G M

    2016-05-25

    The majority of the licensing applications in the European Union are submitted via the decentralised procedure. Little is known about licensing failure (i.e. refusal or withdrawal of a marketing authorisation application) in the EU decentralised procedure compared to the EU centralised procedure and the approval procedure in the United States. The study aim was to determine the frequency of and determinants for licensing failure of marketing authorisation applications submitted via this procedure. We assessed procedures that failed between 2008 and 2012 with The Netherlands as leading authority and assessed the remaining major objections. In total 492 procedures were completed, of which 48 (9.8%) failed: 8 refused, 40 withdrawn. A wide variety of major objections was identified and included both quality (48 major objections) and clinical (45 major objections) issues. The low failure rate may be related to the regular interaction between competent authorities and applicants during the procedure. Some degree of licensing failure may be inevitable, as it may also be affected by the financial feasibility or willingness to resolve major objections, as well as other reasons to withdraw an application besides the raised major objections. PMID:26493584

  17. Compulsory licensing and access to drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavropoulou, Charitini; Valletti, Tommaso

    2015-01-01

    Compulsory licensing allows the use of a patented invention without the owner's consent, with the aim of improving access to essential drugs. The pharmaceutical sector argues that, if broadly used, it can be detrimental to innovation. We model the interaction between a company in the North that holds the patent for a certain drug and a government in the South that needs to purchase it. We show that both access to drugs and pharmaceutical innovation depend largely on the Southern country's ability to manufacture a generic version. If the manufacturing cost is too high, compulsory licensing is not exercised. As the cost decreases, it becomes a credible threat forcing prices down, but reducing both access and innovation. When the cost is low enough, the South produces its own generic version and access reaches its highest value, despite a reduction in innovation. The global welfare analysis shows that the overall impact of compulsory licensing can be positive, even when accounting for its impact on innovation. We also consider the interaction between compulsory licensing and the strength of intellectual property rights, which can have global repercussions in other markets beyond the South. PMID:24408475

  18. AIDS, essential medicines, and compulsory licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, D

    1999-04-01

    Delegates to the AIDS and Essential Medicines and Compulsory Licensing conference examined issues related to compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals worldwide. Compulsory licenses allow members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to use patented material when justified in the public interest. This agreement is part of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, or TRIPS. Current estimates of the HIV/AIDS pandemic show that 33 million persons worldwide are infected, with 26 million of those in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of these people have no access to antiretroviral treatment due to its cost, and medicines for other life-threatening illnesses like tuberculosis, malaria, and meningitis are also too expensive. The U.S. government opposes the use of compulsory licenses, and has attempted to block their implementation in countries trying to obtain AIDS drugs at a lower price. The U.S. has also pressured countries to adopt stricter trade laws than those included in the TRIPS agreement. Meeting delegates were encouraged to pursue existing and legal means to increase the supply of affordable drugs. PMID:11367046

  19. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Program

  20. Experiments in Image Segmentation for Automatic US License Plate Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz Acosta, Beatriz

    2004-01-01

    License plate recognition/identification (LPR/I) applies image processing and character recognition technology to identify vehicles by automatically reading their license plates. In the United States, however, each state has its own standard-issue plates, plus several optional styles, which are referred to as special license plates or varieties. There is a clear absence of standardization and multi-colored, complex backgrounds are becoming more frequent in license plates. Commercially availab...

  1. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Vol. 3, No. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regularory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the operating reactors licensing actions program

  2. Licensing Experience for EPR Flamanville 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation discusses the three stages of the EPR Flamanville 3 Licensing process: the political decision to build a new nuclear power plant, the authorization decree for nuclear power plant creation/construction license, and the commission and operation license. The operating license process requires the operator to submit the safety analysis report, the general operating rules, a study on waste management, the onsite emergency plan, and an update, as necessary of the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment. The presentation follows with a discussion on the licensing of the Flamanville 3 EPR reactor. Flamanville 3 licensing was a longstanding and continuous process taking 18 years for the 3 main steps (1989 to 2007) and resulting in the authorization decree. The presentation describes the safety objectives utilized in the process, the integration of recent operating experience, innovations, and design and manufacturing. It also highlights several examples of modifications that resulted from the technical assessment supporting the authorization decree, including diversification of emergency electrical supply, practical elimination of fuel melt in the fuel pool, and diversification of heat sink and essential service water system. It reviews the contents of the authorization decree. Next, it discusses current on-going activities and milestones related to commissioning and operating license application and notes that current ASN/IRSN review activities are focused on a number of topics, including accident studies, I and C, protection system, internal and external events, detailed design of systems playing a safety role as supporting systems, equipment qualification to accident conditions, radiological consequences, several accident management, probabilistic studies, and several other topics. It explains that a 'focusing' review principle is used to inform the level of review for each topic. This principle is used to choose the SSCs that will

  3. 47 CFR 90.904 - Aggregation of EA licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Aggregation of EA licenses. 90.904 Section 90.904 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES... Service § 90.904 Aggregation of EA licenses. The Commission will license each Spectrum Block A through...

  4. 76 FR 55909 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ..., Application Type: New NVO License. International Movers Network Inc. (NVO), 70-20 73rd Street, Glendale, NY..., President, Application Type: New NVO License. Unity Holdings, Inc. (NVO), 2860 W. State Road 84, Suite 118.../Treasurer (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO License. Echo Trans World Inc. (NVO), 462...

  5. 10 CFR 72.210 - General license issued.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for Storage of Spent Fuel at Power Reactor Sites § 72.210 General license issued. A general license is hereby issued for the storage of spent fuel in an independent spent fuel storage installation at power... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDEPENDENT STORAGE OF...

  6. 78 FR 21366 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101). License No.: 016816N. Name: Green Integrated Logistics, Inc....

  7. 78 FR 23252 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act... maintain a valid bond. License No.: 003445F. Name: Nedlloyd Logistics, Inc. Address: Giralda Farms,...

  8. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  9. Experience acquired by Furnas for licensing nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system for licensing of Almirante Alvaro Alberto Nuclear Power Plant-Unit 1 is presented. The process phases for reactor construction and operation are described: preliminary site approval; bases for safety review; partial construction permits; final construction permits; emission of final report of safety analysis; initial operation license and permanent operation license. (M.C.K.)

  10. 7 CFR 70.21 - Suspension of license; revocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension of license; revocation. 70.21 Section 70.21... Graders § 70.21 Suspension of license; revocation. Pending final action by the Secretary, any person... any argument or evidence that the licensee may wish to offer as to why the license should not...

  11. License - Taxonomy Icon | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available g this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution 2.1 Japan . ...ase Center for Life Science licensed under CC Attribution 2.1 Japan . The summary... of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this database, you are license

  12. Black Residential Segregation: Impact of State Licensing Laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darden, Joe T.

    1982-01-01

    Compared the level of Black residential segregation among two groups of States: those whose real estate licensing laws contain explicit fair housing or anti-discrimination provisions, and those whose licensing laws contain no such provisions. Found that State licensing laws have no significant impact on Black residential discrimination. (GC)

  13. 25 CFR 558.4 - Granting a gaming license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Granting a gaming license. 558.4 Section 558.4 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GAMING LICENSES AND BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND PRIMARY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS GAMING LICENSES FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND...

  14. 10 CFR 52.8 - Combining licenses; elimination of repetition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Combining licenses; elimination of repetition. 52.8... NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS General Provisions § 52.8 Combining licenses; elimination of repetition. (a) An applicant for a license under this part may combine in its application several applications for...

  15. 10 CFR 52.97 - Issuance of combined licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of combined licenses. 52.97 Section 52.97 Energy... Combined Licenses § 52.97 Issuance of combined licenses. (a)(1) After conducting a hearing in accordance with § 52.85 and receiving the report submitted by the ACRS, the Commission may issue a...

  16. 10 CFR 110.42 - Export licensing criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) EXPORT AND IMPORT OF NUCLEAR EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL Review of License Applications § 110.42 Export licensing criteria. (a) The review of license applications for export... nonproliferation objectives or otherwise jeopardize the common defense and security, in which case the...

  17. 19 CFR 360.108 - Loss of electronic licensing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... MONITORING AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM § 360.108 Loss of electronic licensing privileges. Should Commerce determine... system, Commerce may revoke its electronic licensing privileges without prior notice. The filer will then... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Loss of electronic licensing privileges....

  18. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of... Licensing in HUD-Administered States § 3286. 211 Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. (a) Expiration. Each installation license issued or renewed under this subpart C will expire 3 years after...

  19. 7 CFR 51.36 - Expiration and renewal of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration and renewal of license. 51.36 Section 51.36 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... STANDARDS) Regulations 1 Licensing of Inspectors § 51.36 Expiration and renewal of license. An...

  20. 76 FR 20249 - Update Station License Expiration Dates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Update Station License Expiration Dates AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... reflect the current license expiration dates for radio and television broadcast stations. The current version of the rule specifies license expiration dates from 2011 through 2014 for radio stations and...

  1. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ''Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Summary'' is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  2. 77 FR 29340 - Intent To Grant Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... AGENCY Intent To Grant Patent License AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Intent to Grant Co-Exclusive Patent License. SUMMARY: Pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 207 (Patents) and 37 CFR part 404 (U.S. Government patent licensing regulations), EPA hereby gives notice of its intent to grant...

  3. 76 FR 3128 - Intent to Grant Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... AGENCY Intent to Grant Patent License AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Intent to Grant Co-Exclusive Patent License. SUMMARY: Pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 207 (Patents) and 37 CFR part 404 (U.S. Government patent licensing regulations), EPA hereby gives notice of its intent to grant...

  4. 78 FR 48460 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker License AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Notice of revocation of a customs broker license. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that a customs broker license is being revoked...

  5. 78 FR 48456 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license cancellations. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the customs broker licenses and any and all...

  6. 76 FR 71584 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license... of the Code of Federal Regulations at Sec. 111.30(d), the following Customs broker licenses...

  7. 76 FR 71591 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... License, dated July 25, 2006 (71 FR 42105). The current Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses... SECURITY Bureau of Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs...

  8. Investment issues in nuclear plant license renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method that determines the operating lives for existing nuclear power plants is discussed. These assumptions are the basis for projections of electricity supply through 2020 reported in the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) Annual Energy Outlook 1999. To determine if plants will seek license renewal, one must first determine if they will be operating to the end of their current licenses. This determination is based on an economic test that assumes an investment of $150/kW will be required after 30 yr of operation for plants with older designs. This expenditure is intended to be equivalent to the cost that would be associated with any of several needs such as a one0time investment to replace aging equipment (steam generators), a series of investments to fix age-related degradation, increases in operating costs, or costs associated with decreased performance. This investment is compared with the cost of building and operating the lowest-cost new plant over the same 10-yr period. If a plant fails this test, it is assumed to be retired after 30 yr of service. All other plants are then considered candidates for license renewal. The method used to determine if it is economic to apply for license renewal and operate plants for an additional 20 yr is to assume that plants face an investment of $250 million after 40 yr of operation to refurbish aging components. This investment is compared with the lowest-cost new plant alternative evaluated over the same 20 yr that the nuclear plant would operate. If the nuclear plant is the lowest cost option, it is projected to continue to operate. EIA projects that it would be economic to extend the operating licenses for 3.7 GW of capacity (6 units)

  9. NRC Licensing Status Summary Report for NGNP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moe, Wayne Leland [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Kinsey, James Carl [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project, initiated at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, is based on research and development activities supported by the Department of Energy Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative. The principal objective of the NGNP Project is to support commercialization of high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology. The HTGR is a helium-cooled and graphite moderated reactor that can operate at temperatures much higher than those of conventional light water reactor (LWR) technologies. The NGNP will be licensed for construction and operation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). However, not all elements of current regulations (and their related implementation guidance) can be applied to HTGR technology at this time. Certain policies established during past LWR licensing actions must be realigned to properly accommodate advanced HTGR technology. A strategy for licensing HTGR technology was developed and executed through the cooperative effort of DOE and the NRC through the NGNP Project. The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the current status of the still evolving pre-license application regulatory framework relative to commercial HTGR technology deployment in the U.S. The following discussion focuses on (1) describing what has been accomplished by the NGNP Project up to the time of this report, and (2) providing observations and recommendations concerning actions that remain to be accomplished to enable the safe and timely licensing of a commercial HTGR facility in the U.S.

  10. Licensing of in situ leach mining for the Crownpoint and Church Rock uranium deposits, New Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the Ambrosia Lake District. Total low-cost Reasonably Assured Resources (RAR) for properties controlled by Hydro Resources Inc. includes 32 730 tonnes U (85 million lbs U3O8). This paper reviews the process of developing and licensing this resource. Hydro Resources, Inc. ('HRI') is a wholly owned subsidiary of Uranium Resources, Inc. (URI) whose role is the operating company for acquisition, permitting (licensing) and developing of the New Mexico properties. The corporation has invested over $20 million in New Mexico since 1986 because the San Juan Basin is the most prolific uranium province in the United States with historical production of over 133,000 tonnes U (347 million lbs U3O8) nearly matching the resources of several of the world class Australian and Canadian deposits

  11. 78 FR 5840 - Notice of License Termination for University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor, License No. R-115

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... COMMISSION Notice of License Termination for University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor, License No. R-115... No. R-115, for the University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor (ATR). The NRC has terminated the..., Facility Operating License No. R-115 is terminated. The above referenced documents may be examined,...

  12. 76 FR 2918 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland... Federal Regulations at section 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker license and any and...

  13. Changing mobility patterns and road mortality among pre-license teens in a late licensing country : an epidemiological study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Twisk, D.A.M. Bos, N.M. Shope, J.T. & Kok, G.

    2013-01-01

    Whereas the safety of teens in early licensing countries has been extensively studied, little is known about the safety of pre-license teens in late licensing countries, where these teens also may be at risk. This risk exists because of the combination of a) increasing use of travel modes with a hig

  14. 76 FR 22912 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS. ACTION: General notice... 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker licenses and any and all permits have...

  15. 76 FR 44033 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland... Federal Regulations at section 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker licenses and any and...

  16. 77 FR 45648 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland... Federal Regulations at section 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker licenses and any and...

  17. 75 FR 11899 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security... Regulations at section 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker licenses and any and all...

  18. 78 FR 48456 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license cancellation due to death of the broker. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...

  19. 77 FR 16249 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland... Federal Regulations at section 111.51(a), the following individual Customs broker licenses and any and...

  20. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, a program has been established whereby an annual NUREG report will be published on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirement areas. This report, the second volume of a three-volume series, addresses the status of unresolved safety issues (USIs) at licensed plants. The data contained in these NUREG reports are a product of the NRC's Safety Issues Management System (SIMS) database, which is maintained by the Project Management Staff in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and by NRC regional personnel. The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive description of the status of implementation and verification of the 27 safety issues designated as USIs and to make this information available to other interested parties, including the public. A corollary purpose of this NUREG report is to serve as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues up until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed plants. 3 figs., 4 tabs

  1. Ignalina plant licensing process, international co-operation and assistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The challenge for Lithuania as a country with regained independence was to perform a licensing review in a way never done before in the country and in a time schedule that was extremely short. The work included establishing of the licensing base, strengthening the regulatory authority and organising the technical support, establish and implement a safety improvement program, production of the safety case and review of the safety case, and to derive a conclusion regarding whether to issue a licence or not. This was to be done together with other tasks, such as implementation of modifications included in the safety improvement programme at Ignalina, implementation of a new storage for spent fuel and, most important of all, to manage the operational safety at the plant. The achievements are impressive seen in view of the point of start and in view of the time and resources that have been available. Lithuania has put forward a unique safety documentation of an RBMK reactor and presented an in-depth safety evaluation in full openness to Western experts, giving the unique possibility to compare the safety of the Ignalina reactors to Western standards. The co-operation that has been established between Lithuania and Western experts through different assistance programmes is of outmost value, for all involved parties. Co-operation should continue as one element of the challenges for the future

  2. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, a program has been established whereby an annual NUREG series report will be published on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirement areas. The data contained in this report are a product of the NRC's Safety Issues Management System database, which is maintained by the Project Management Staff in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and by personnel in the NRC regions. This report has been prepared in order to provide a comprehensive description of the implementation and verification status of all the TMI Action Plan requirements at licensed reactors, and to make this information available to other interested parties, including the public. A corollary purpose of this report is for it to serve as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues up until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed facilities

  3. Planning and licensing two replacement nuclear power plants in Switzerland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Switzerland is facing the challenges of steadily rising electricity consumption and an aging pool of power plants. Its electricity mix of roughly 60% hydroelectric power and 40% nuclear power is the reason for its excellent carbon balance in electricity production. Consequently, replacement must be found for the oldest nuclear power plants and for future electricity import contracts. Security of supply, environmental protection, and economic performance must be taken into account in equal proportions. For the overarching strategic project of a ''replacement nuclear power plant'', 2 of the big Swiss electricity utilities, Axpo and BKW, in 2008 jointly founded a project development company, Resun AG. Performing the project design work in a joint effort allows synergies to be exploited and expenses to be focused. The 2003 Nuclear Power Act (KEG) of Switzerland provides a 3-stage plant licensing procedure. In addition, the political system in Switzerland offers a number of possibilities for involvement and participation at various stages in the licensing procedure of new nuclear power plants. The political debate about the future energy policy of Switzerland was triggered for good when the framework applications for approval of the replacement nuclear power plants were submitted. Construction of the replacement nuclear power plants corresponds to the political strategy, communicated by the Federal Council, to ensure future energy supply also by building new large power plants. (orig.)

  4. Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licenses, Patent Pools and Standard Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Shapiro, Carl

    2004-01-01

    In several key industries, including semiconductors, biotechnology, computer software, and the Internet, our patent system is creating a patent thicket: an overlapping set of patent rights requiring that those seeking to commercialize new technology obtain licenses from multiple patentees. The patent thicket is especially thorny when combined with the risk of hold-up, namely the danger that new products will inadvertently infringe on patents issued after these products were designed. The need...

  5. Contractual Solutions in Electronic Publishing Industry: A Comparative study of License Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    K.T. Anuradha; B M Meera

    2005-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) revolution has brought global change and has impact on electronic publishing industry also. In the digital and networked environment, publishers are concerned about protecting their products from illegal use. Copyright has been proclaimed as an important weapon by the publishers to safeguard their products. In view of the increasing importance that is gained by contract law in electronic publishing, more and more libraries are engaged in signing License Agreements ...

  6. Managing the high level waste nuclear regulatory commission licensing process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the process for obtaining Nuclear Regulatory Commission permits for the high level waste storage facility is basically the same process commercial nuclear power plants followed to obtain construction permits and operating licenses for their facilities. Therefore, the experience from licensing commercial reactors can be applied to the high level waste facility. Proper management of the licensing process will be the key to the successful project. The management of the licensing process was categorized into four areas as follows: responsibility, organization, communication and documentation. Drawing on experience from nuclear power plant licensing and basic management principles, the management requirement for successfully accomplishing the project goals are discussed

  7. Licensing of away-from-reactor (AFR) installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Storage of spent fuel at Away-From-Reactor (AFR) installations will allow reactors to continue to operate until reprocessing or other fuel disposal means are available. AFR installations must be licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Although wide experience in licensing reactors exists, the licensing of an AFR installation is a relatively new activity. Only one has been licensed to date. This paper delineates the requirements for licensing an AFR installation and projects a licensing schedule. Because the NRC is developing specific AFR requirements, this schedule is based primarily on draft NRC documents. The major documents needed for an AFR license application are similar to those for a reactor. They include: a Safety Analysis Report (SAR), and Environmental Report (ER), safeguards and security plans, decommissioning plans, proposed technical specifications, and others. However, the licensing effort has one major difference in that for AFR installations it will be a one-step effort, with follow-up, rather than the two-step process used for reactors. The projected licensing schedule shows that the elapsed time between filing an application and issuance of a license will be about 32 months, assuming intervention. The legal procedural steps will determine the time schedule and will override considerations of technical complexity. A license could be issued in about 14 months in the absence of intervention

  8. Licensing an assured isolation facility for low-level radioactive waste. Volume 1: Licensing strategy and issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides a detailed set of proposed criteria and guidance for the preparation of a license application for an assured isolation facility (AIF). The report is intended to provide a detailed planning basis upon which a prospective applicant may begin pre-licensing discussions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and initiate development of a license application. The report may also be useful to the NRC or to state regulatory agencies that may be asked to review such an application. Volume 1 of this report provides background information, and describes the licensing approach and methodology. Volume 2 identifies specific information that is recommended for inclusion in a license application

  9. NRC antitrust licensing actions, 1978--1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NUREG-0447, Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants, was published in May 1978 and includes a compilation and discussion of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) proceedings and activity involving the NRC's competitive review program through February 1978, NUREG-0447 is an update of an earlier discussion of the NRC's antitrust review of nuclear power plants, NR-AIG-001, The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants: The Conditioning of Licenses, which reviewed the Commission's antitrust review function from its inception in December 1970 through April 1976. This report summarizes the support provided to NRC staff in updating the compilation of the NRC's antitrust licensing review activities for commercial nuclear power plants that have occurred since February 1978. 4 refs., 4 tabs

  10. Adjuvants: Classification, Modus Operandi, and Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostólico, Juliana de Souza

    2016-01-01

    Vaccination is one of the most efficient strategies for the prevention of infectious diseases. Although safer, subunit vaccines are poorly immunogenic and for this reason the use of adjuvants is strongly recommended. Since their discovery in the beginning of the 20th century, adjuvants have been used to improve immune responses that ultimately lead to protection against disease. The choice of the adjuvant is of utmost importance as it can stimulate protective immunity. Their mechanisms of action have now been revealed. Our increasing understanding of the immune system, and of correlates of protection, is helping in the development of new vaccine formulations for global infections. Nevertheless, few adjuvants are licensed for human vaccines and several formulations are now being evaluated in clinical trials. In this review, we briefly describe the most well known adjuvants used in experimental and clinical settings based on their main mechanisms of action and also highlight the requirements for licensing new vaccine formulations.

  11. AN EVALUATIONOF LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION ALGORITHMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Sharifi Kolour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades vehicle license plate recognition systems are as central part in many traffic management and security systems such as automatic speed control, tracking stolen cars, automatic toll management, and access control to limited areas. There are many techniques for license plate detection. The goal of this paper is study and evaluate some most important LPD algorithms and compared them in terms of accuracy, performance, complexity, and their usefulness in different environmental condition. This evaluation gives views to the developers or end-users to choose the most appropriate technique for their applications. Our study and investigation show that the dynamic programming algorithm is the fastest and the Gabor transform is the most accuracy algorithm compared to other algorithms.

  12. NRC antitrust licensing actions, 1978--1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, S.J.; Simpson, J.J.

    1997-09-01

    NUREG-0447, Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants, was published in May 1978 and includes a compilation and discussion of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) proceedings and activity involving the NRC`s competitive review program through February 1978, NUREG-0447 is an update of an earlier discussion of the NRC`s antitrust review of nuclear power plants, NR-AIG-001, The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants: The Conditioning of Licenses, which reviewed the Commission`s antitrust review function from its inception in December 1970 through April 1976. This report summarizes the support provided to NRC staff in updating the compilation of the NRC`s antitrust licensing review activities for commercial nuclear power plants that have occurred since February 1978. 4 refs., 4 tabs.

  13. Radiation control through licensing and intensive training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various types of intensive training courses to suit radiation workers in different fields were sponsored by both the Atomic Energy Council of Executive Yuan and the National Health Administration of Executive Yuan, Republic of China during the past seven years. During the years 1974-79, the number of radiation workers attending each training course, their age, sex and educational background are presented in detail. The typical course contents for both medical and non-medical radiation workers are given. A summary of the percentage of passes and failures of the final examination given at the end of each training course is also given. The present status of licensing for radiation facilities and workers is described, and its results are indicated. The successful control of ionizing radiation through this kind of intensive training and licensing is evidenced in the film badge records given by a centralized service laboratory located at the National Tsing Hua University. (author)

  14. Licensing procedure for interim stores in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The coalition agreement of October 1998 signed by the parties in government contains a provision about the treatment of spent fuel elements from nuclear power plants which, in principle, seeks to avoid transports and terminate, which would also end transports to France and the UK, by July 1, 2005. After that date, all fuel elements arising are to be managed by direct disposal. Pending the start of operation of a suitable repository, this concept requires safekeeping of spent fuel elements in appropriate storage facilities. The consensus agreement between the federal government and the power utilities contains this approach with the goal of building on-site storage facilities. The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), as the competent supervisory authority under Sec. 6 of the Atomic Energy Act, has received licensing applications for temporary and on-site stores, respectively, as decentralized interim stores for all nuclear power plant sites in Germany (with the exception of Muelheim-Kaerlich, for which special regulations exist). Three technical concepts, namely two variants of a hall structure, a tunnel concept for Neckarwestheim, and a temporary store, must be examined by BfS in a licensing procedure including as its main steps public participation, examination of the preconditions for a permit, and drafting of the licensing decision. In addition, on-site stores require that an environmental impact assessment be carried out. Proceedings are conducted at BfS largely in parallel and speedily by a project group set up. BfS intends to finish all steps involving public participation still this year. When all preconditions have been met for licensing decisions to be granted, and with an assumed construction period of two years, on-site interim stores ought to be available from 2005 on. (orig.)

  15. Technology evaluation and licensing in Portuguese Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, António Miguel Sousa; Romero, Fernando

    2010-01-01

    Universities have adopted knowledge valorisation strategies to foster the practical application of research results. Technology transfer offices have been implemented in almost all European universities to evaluate, protect and support the transfer of university’s research outcomes. To this end, technology evaluation and licensing activities have been widely adopted and implemented by technology transfer units, allowing universities and inventors to obtain revenues through the establishment o...

  16. Safety and licensing issues for Indian PHWRs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India has achieved competency in design, construction, commissioning and operation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor based Nuclear Power Plants and has completed more than 120 reactor operating years with an extremely satisfactory safety record. In this paper, the safety management in NPCIL and operational safety aspects are discussed, licensing and regulatory approach is described and some of the main safety issues for Indian PHWRs are brought out. (author)

  17. Compulsory licensing and access to drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Stavropoulou, C; Valletti, T.

    2015-01-01

    Compulsory licensing allows the use of a patented invention without the owner's consent, with the aim of improving access to essential drugs. The pharmaceutical sector argues that, if broadly used, it can be detrimental to innovation. We model the interaction between a company in the North that holds the patent for a certain drug and a government in the South that needs to purchase it. We show that both access to drugs and pharmaceutical innovation depend largely on the Southern country's abi...

  18. International Harmonization of Reactor Licensing Regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of a harmonization policy for reactor licensing regulations on the basis of already considerable experience is to attain greater rationalisation in this field, in the interest of economic policy and healthy competition, and most important, radiation protection and safety of installations. This paper considers the legal instruments for such harmonization and the conditions for their implementation, in particular within the Communities framework. (NEA)

  19. CANDU safety and licensing framework and process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Safety is a shared responsibility of the Industry, public and the Government. The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) safety fundamentals, basic objectives and safety guides lay down the principles from which requirements, recommendations and methodologies for safety design of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) are derived. Within the framework of the international regulations and those of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), this paper will discuss the overall safety objectives, the defence in depth philosophy guiding CANDU safety, as well as the licensing process defined to meet all applicable CNSC regulations. The application of such philosophy to the ACR design and safety approach will also be discussed along with aspects of its implementation. The role of deterministic analysis, and Probabilistic Safety Analysis (PSA) in the design and licensing process of the Advanced CANDU Reactor will be discussed. Postulated initiating events and their combinations, acceptance criteria, CANDU margins and limits, supporting methodologies and computer codes used in safety analysis will be reviewed. The paper will also note intrinsic safety characteristics of CANDU, some of the ACR passive safety features built-in by design, CANDU distinctive features with respect to severe core damage, mechanisms of heat rejection in those extreme conditions, emergency coolant injection system features and other post accident mitigating systems. Update on the ACR Canadian and US licensing progress will also be provided. (authors)

  20. New nuclear plant design and licensing process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes latest developments in the nuclear power reactor technology with emphasis on three areas: (1) the US technology of advanced passive light water reactors (AP600 and S BWR), (2) regulatory processes that certify their safety, and (3) current engineering concerns. The goal is to provide and insight of how the government's regulatory agency guarantees public safety by looking into how new passive safety features were designed and tested by vendors and how they were re-evaluated and retested by the US NRC. The paper then discusses the US 1989 nuclear licensing reform (10 CFR Part 52) whose objectives are to promote the standardization of nuclear power plants and provide for the early and definitive resolution of site and design issues before plants are built. The new licensing process avoids the unpredictability nd escalated construction cost under the old licensing process. Finally, the paper summarizes engineering concerns found in current light water reactors that may not go away in the new design. The concerns are related the material and water chemistry technology in dealing with corrosion problems in water-cooled nuclear reactor systems (PWRs and BWRs). These engineering concerns include core shroud cracking (BWRs), jet pump hold-down beam cracking (BWRs), steam generator tube stress corrosion cracking (PWR)

  1. Licensing of ANSTO's Replacement Research Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a general description of the licensing of the 20 MW Pool-type Replacement Research Reactor (RRR) currently being built by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) at their Lucas Heights site. The following aspects will be addressed: 1) The influence of ARPANSA's (the Australian regulator) Regulatory Assessment Principles and Design Criteria on the design of the RRR. 2) The Site Licence Application, including the EIS and the supporting siting documentation. 3) The Construction Licence Application, including the PSAR and associated documentation. 4) The review process, including the IAEA Peer Review and the Public Submissions as well as ARPANSA's own review. 5) The interface between ANSTO, INVAP and ARPANSA in relation to the ongoing compliance with ARPANS Regulation 51 and 54. 6) The future Operating Licence Application, including the draft FSAR and associated documentation. These aspects are all addressed from the point of view of the licensee ANSTO and the RRR Project. Particular emphasis will be given to the way in which the licensing process is integrated into the overall project program and how the licensing and regulatory regime within Australia influenced the design of the RRR. In particular, the safety design features that have been incorporated as a result of the specific requirements of ANSTO and the Australian regulator will be briefly described. The paper will close with a description of how the RRR meets, and in many aspects exceeds the requirements of ANSTO and the Australian regulator. (author)

  2. Validation and licensing of intelligent software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential benefits of using artificial intelligence (AI) technology will only be realized if AI systems can be validated and successfully licensed. The issues associated with these systems are part of the wider problems of validation and licensing of computer systems in nuclear power plants. The plant considers the role of AI systems in plant safety and recommends the development of appropriate standards or guidelines. It considers the issues which need to be addressed in developing such documents. These include the need for design guidelines which restrict architectures and extend conventional safety engineering to AI and to limit the role of certain types of AI system. The issues addressed by the corresponding development guidelines include the validation of the reference engine, the problem of justifying the calculus used for reasoning under uncertainty, the role of logics versus heuristics, and the need to have formally defined semantics for the development process. The particular problems of real time systems are briefly mentioned together with the problems of distributed decision making. The paper concludes that there are many issues to be resolved if AI systems are to be successfully licensed. Some of these can be addressed by adapting existing guidelines, some require the definition of current good practice in the AI field and others must await the results of research. The paper recommends that research and standardization initiatives should be undertaken to ensure that nuclear power plants will benefit fully from AI technology. (author). 17 refs

  3. Licensing system for primary category radioactive installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of a licensing system for primary category radioactive installations is described, which aims to satisfy the needs of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission's Department of Nuclear and Radiological Safety, particularly the sections for Licensing Outside Radioactive Installations and Safety Control. This system involves the identification, control and inspection of the installations, their personnel and connected activities, for the purpose of protecting the population's health and the environment. Following the basic cycle methodology, a systems analysis and engineering stage was prepared, establishing the functions of the system's elements and defining the requirements, based on interviews with the users. This stage was followed by the design stage, focusing on the data structure, the software architecture and the procedural detail. The codification stage followed, which translated the design into legible machine-readable format. In the testing stage, the entries that were defined were proven to produce the expected data. Finally and operational and maintenance stage was developed, when the system was installed and put to use. All the above generated a useful system for the Licensing section of the Department of Nuclear and Radiological Safety, since it provides faster and easier access to information. A project is described that introduces new development tools in the Computer department following standards established by the C.CH.E.N. (author)

  4. Identifying, Licensing, and Commercializing Technology: An Entrepreneur's View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, Kris

    2013-03-01

    A linguist by trade, Kris Appel left government service to pursue entrepreneurship. She knew she wanted to start a company, but she did not have a business idea. After researching various technologies available for commercialization, she began to focus on a prototype medical device at the University of Maryland Medical School, which had been developed to help stroke survivors recover their arm movement. The device was based upon emerging science into brain re-training, and was backed by very convincing clinical trials. Working closely with University researchers, she licensed the rights to the device, developed a commercial version, and launched it in 2009. Today the device is used around the globe, and has helped thousands of stroke and brain injury survivors improve their arm function and way of life. Kris will tell the story of the device, and how it got from idea to prototype to successful rehabilitation product.

  5. Uranium-Loaded Water Treatment Resins: 'Equivalent Feed' at NRC and Agreement State-Licensed Uranium Recovery Facilities - 12094

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Community Water Systems (CWSs) are required to remove uranium from drinking water to meet EPA standards. Similarly, mining operations are required to remove uranium from their dewatering discharges to meet permitted surface water discharge limits. Ion exchange (IX) is the primary treatment strategy used by these operations, which loads uranium onto resin beads. Presently, uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be disposed as a waste product or processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities if that licensed facility has applied for and received permission to process 'alternate feed'. The disposal of uranium-loaded resin is costly and the cost to amend a uranium recovery license to accept alternate feed can be a strong disincentive to commercial uranium recovery facilities. In response to this issue, the NRC issued a Regulatory Issue Summary (RIS) to clarify the agency's policy that uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities without the need for an alternate feed license amendment when these resins are essentially the same, chemically and physically, to resins that licensed uranium recovery facilities currently use (i.e., equivalent feed). NRC staff is clarifying its current alternate feed policy to declare IX resins as equivalent feed. This clarification is necessary to alleviate a regulatory and financial burden on facilities that filter uranium using IX resin, such as CWSs and mine dewatering operations. Disposing of those resins in a licensed facility could be 40 to 50 percent of the total operations and maintenance (O and M) cost for a CWS. Allowing uranium recovery facilities to treat these resins without requiring a license amendment lowers O and M costs and captures a valuable natural resource. (authors)

  6. Method and details of on-site application materials inspection of food production license according to GB 14881-2013 and general guidelines%结合GB 14881-2013、食品生产许可审查通则谈食品生产许可现场对申请资料审核的内容和方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁燕骅; 陈柄旭; 杨丽仙

    2015-01-01

    深入理解食品生产相关法令法规和标准,逐步统一各级执行者的认识,提高一线监管的专业水平,是食品安全监管工作发展的当前迫切需求和今后必经之路。为了逐步整合同类标准和文件之间的异同,便于监管人员和审核人员从实际工作需求角度去理解GB 14881和审查通则的要求,本文以食品生产许可审查通则(2010版)为基本框架,结合GB 14881-2013的相关内容以及笔者以往的审核经验,对申请材料审核部分各条款核查的内容和方法进行细化、分析和归纳,包括组织领导、人员职责和要求、技术性文件、采购及验证、过程管理、关键质控、产品防护、检验管理等13个方面的内容,可作为食品生产许可现场核查和日常监管的具体工作实施的技术参考材料。%To improve the food safety inspection, it is urgent and necessary to have a deep understanding of the related food production regulations and standards, unify the executions at various levels and improve the execution quality of the site inspectors. The similarities and differences among related standards and documents were summarized so that it would be easier for the inspectors and auditors to understand GB 14881 and inspection's general guideline according to their work. Based on the general guidelines for food production license inspection (version 2010) as well as the related regulations in GB 14881-2013 and authors' professional experiences, the details and methods for auditing the application materials were analyzed and summarized, including 13 aspects, such as organization structure, responsibility and requirements of staff, technical documents, purchase and verification, process management, critical control point, product protection, and test management,etc. This article intended to be a technical reference for future on-site verification and the implementation of routine monitoring.

  7. Methodology to identify, review, and evaluate components for license renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A methodology has been developed to systematically identify, review, and evaluate plant equipment for license renewal. The method builds upon the existing licensing basis, operating history, and accepted deterministic and probabilistic techniques. Use of these approaches provides a focus for license renewal upon those safety-significant systems and components that are not routinely replaced, refurbished, or subject to detailed inspection as part of the plant's existing test, maintenance, and surveillance programs. Application of the method identified the PWR and BWR systems that should be subjected to detailed license renewal review. Detailed examination of two example systems demonstrates the approach. The review and evaluation of plant equipment for license renewal differ from the initial licensing of the plant. A substantial operating history has been established, the licensing basis has evolved from the original one, and plant equipment has been subject to periodic maintenance and surveillance throughout its life. In consideration of these differences, a basis for license renewal is needed. License renewal should be based upon continuation of the existing licensing basis and recognition of existing programs and operating history

  8. Licensing and continuous professional development of geodetic experts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Pandžić

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The same as other engineering and technical fields, performing geodetic activities in the Republic of Serbia is regulated by relevant standards and system of licensing. Geodetic professionals licensing is conducted in accordance with the Law on Planning and Construction and the Regulations on Granting Licenses prescribed by Serbian Chamber of Engineers. Simultaneously, geodetic activity relating to the affairs of state survey and cadaster is regulated by the Law on State Survey and Cadaster and the Law on Amendments to the Law on State Survey and Cadaster, in which a special licensing system is implemented by the Republic Geodetic Authority. In both cases, the requirements to obtain licenses are: a diploma of higher education, prescribed work experience and the appropriate professional examination passed. The procedure for periodic renewing or extending the license validity is not stipulated. In most countries, like in other professions where a licensing system is applied, extending license validity with the proof of completed professional development is anticipated. Unfortunately, this is not the case for any type of license for geodetic experts in Serbia. This paper presents the proposal for establishing license renewal procedure and its linkage to the continuous professional development.

  9. VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Karthi Keyan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available License plate recognition (LPR plays a major role in this busy world, as the number of vehicles increases day by day, theft of vehicles, breaking traffic rules, entering restricted area are also increases linearly, so to block this act license plate recognition system is designed. License Plate Recognition (LPR systems basically consist of 3 main processing steps such as: Detection of number plate, Segmentation of plate characters and Recognition of each character. Among this, character segmentation is a most challenging task, as the accuracy of the character recognition relies on the accuracy of the character segmentation. Problems of different lighting condition, adhesion, fracture, rivet, rotation degrades the accuracy of the character segmentation. So in order to overcome these problems and uplift the accuracy of character segmentation various algorithms are developed for this work. Purpose of this paper is to categorize the vehicle plate character and recognize the segmented characters.

  10. 21 CFR 601.21 - Products under development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) BIOLOGICS LICENSING Biologics Licensing § 601.21 Products under development. A biological product undergoing... 520(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended, and the regulations thereunder (21 CFR... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Products under development. 601.21 Section...

  11. / production

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    François Arleo; Pol-Bernard Gossiaux; Thierry Gousset; Jörg Aichelin

    2003-04-01

    For more than 25 years /Ψ production has helped to sharpen our understanding of QCD. In proton induced reaction some observations are rather well understood while others are still unclear. The current status of the theory of /Ψ production will be sketched, paying special attention to the issues of formation time and /Ψ re-interaction in a nuclear medium.

  12. 78 FR 9702 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Immunogenicity Assessment for Therapeutic Protein Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ..., Outreach and Development (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug... Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, suite...

  13. Social licensing in the uranium cycle production (case of Niger)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In Niger Republic, uranium exploitation has begun since 1970. It is an economic resource but also causes social and environmental problems. To exploit according to the rule, to protect social environment, to work in safe conditions and contribute to the development of local population one side and Niger Republic in the other side, a mining law was voted in March 1993. It is about the ordinance no. 93-16 on mining law which was modified in august 2006 by a new mining law, the ordinance no. 2006-26 of august 09, 2006. As well as the presidential decree affecting the application of this new law was issued. Other legislative and regulatory texts have been taken as far as exploration and exploitation mining. For example, the mining agreement, the order no. 0073/PM of July, the 4th ,2005 relative to the transparency on mining exploitation; ordinance no. 97-001 of January the 10th, 1997 appointing the environmental studying impact and the law 98-56 of December the 29th, 1998 relative to the management of environment. For acquisition of an exploration licence or a mining licence, a mining agreement is signed between the mining company and Niger Republic which makes clear social, environmental, financial, economic-conditions in which the mining company must exploit natural resources. The ordinance no. 93-16 of 2 March, 1993 related to the mining law in chapter IV, clarifies conditions for acquisition of exploration and mining licence in Niger Republic. It clarifies again in the same chapter, title VI, rights and obligations relating to mine or quarry operations for companies and tax provisions relative those activities. In the same order, in title VIII, hygiene and security conditions in mines are been specified. The mining agreement in title IV, specify rights, obligations and administration in mining activities, particularly article 18.2 which stipulates 'the mining company undertakes to contribute to the development of municipalities in which it shall carry out activities, by contributing to the funding of collective infrastructure'. The government must look after the application of this mining convention. This new mining law and the others legislative texts provide for in some articles the social obligations of the mining company in which the exploitation must be done for the local population in the way of lasting development. In this presentation, all articles of the mining law and other legislative, regulatory that treat the Social Responsibilities Companies (SRC), the social obligations of the company will be more detailed. (author)

  14. Social Licensing in the Uranium Cycle Production (Case of Niger)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Niger Republic, uranium exploitation has begun since 1970. It is an economic resource but also causes social and environmental problems. To exploit according to the rule, to protect social environment, to work in safe conditions and contribute to the development of local population one side and Niger Republic in the other side, a mining law was voted in March 1993. It is about the ordinance n°93-16 on mining law which was modified in August 2006 by a new mining law, the ordinance n°2006-26 of 9 August 2006. As well as the presidential decree affecting the application of this new law was issued. Other legislative and regulatory texts have been taken as far as exploration and exploitation mining. For example, the mining agreement, the order n°0073/PM of 4 July 2005 relative to the transparency on mining exploitation; ordinance n°97-001 of 10 January 1997 appointing the environmental studying impact and the law 98–56 of 29 December 1998 relative to the management of environment. For acquisition of an exploration licence or a mining licence, a mining agreement is signed between the mining company and Niger Republic which makes clear social, environmental, financial, and economic conditions in which the mining company must exploit natural resources. The ordinance n°93-16 of 2 March 1993 related to the mining law in chapter IV, clarifies conditions for acquisition of exploration and mining licence in Niger Republic. It clarifies again in the same chapter, title VI, rights and obligations relating to mine or quarry operations for companies and tax provisions relative those activities. In the same order, in title VIII, hygiene and security conditions in mines are been specified. The mining agreement in title IV, specify rights, obligations and administration in mining activities, particularly article 18.2 which stipulates “the mining company undertakes to contribute to the development of municipalities in which it shall carry out activities, by contributing to the funding of collective infrastructure”. The government must look after the application of this mining convention. This new mining law and the others legislative texts provide for in some articles the social obligations of the mining company in which the exploitation must be done for the local population in the way of lasting development. In this presentation, all articles of the mining law and other legislative, regulatory that treat the Social Responsibilities Companies (SRC), the social obligations of the company will be more detailed. (author)

  15. Tracking production, quality and licensing at nuclear stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As with NRC Action Items, issues such as Design Document Control, Field Change Requests, Non-Conference Reports, Field Change Notices and Engineering Change Notices can be addressed in an identical fashion. All of these issues need to be record kept in an effective manner. The system provides a standardized yet flexible method of storing and representing independent records. The design matches the needs of those who use the data. The ability exists to track the life cycle of the document. The ability to collectively view or report related records must be present. The ability to reflect status for the purpose of serving as a management tool, from a site perspective, must be present. The system must be dynamic, that is, easily adaptable. The system must be capable of integration into existing procedures and information flow patterns

  16. Four Essays on Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon

    &D strategies. On the supply side, the existing literature has been focused on understanding how technology licensing can be used by firms as a mechanism to recover investments in innovative activities and to foster learning opportunities. On the demand side, it has been shown that licensing is an important...... source that firms can tap into to feed their internal needs for innovative knowledge. While several studies have examined technology licensing through the lens of the licensor, research on how firms rely on licensing contracts to acquire knowledge and improve their innovation performance still leaves...... much to be investigated. Furthermore, with few exceptions, neither organizational nor contractual characteristics related to the licensing deals have received enough attention as determinants of the capacity of the acquiring firm to benefit from licensing in a new technology. The purpose of this...

  17. Licensing Procedures for Interim Storage of Spent Fuel in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In accordance with the waste management concept in Germany spent fuel is stored in interim storage facilities for 40 years until disposal in a geological repository. The storage concept bases on dry storage of the spent fuel in metallic transport and storage casks, standing upright in halls of reinforced concrete. Storage of spent fuel as well as significant modifications of the storage require a license according to art. 6 of the Atomic Energy Act. The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz - BfS) is the competent licensing authority. The mode of the licensing procedure — whether formalized or non-formalized — depends on the necessity to carry out an environmental impact assessment. Formalized licensing procedures include a public participation procedure. In the following, the licensing prodecures are illustrated and a short overview over the current licensing procedures conducted by BfS is given. (author)

  18. Survey and Evaluation of Digital I and C Licensing Experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Digital I and C licensing experiences showed significant performance variance among different cases, i.e., some were smooth and efficient while others were lengthy and problematic. In order to explain the causes of such variance and to develop more efficient licensing techniques, we conducted an in-depth survey and analysis of these licensing experiences. By viewing the licensing process as an evidence- confidence conversion process, a Licensing Performance Model has been developed and used as a framework to analyze the behavior characteristics of licensing activities. The model identified major factors and functions that dominate the performance of licensing process, among which the proficiency maturity and evidence profiles are the most critical factors that affect the licensing performance. During the evaluation step we were able to apply this model to explain why some previous licensing cases were successful and some were troublesome. This successful application shows the validity of the proposed model. Finally, we presented insights into the nature of licensing process gained form this study and recommended approaches for improving licensing performance. In this paper we reported the preliminary result of our survey and evaluation of major digital I and C licensing experiences accumulated in the recent years. The motivation is that we noticed the performance variance among different digital I and C licensing cases, i.e., some were smooth and efficient while others were lengthy and problematic. In order to explain the causes of such variance and to develop techniques for improving the effectiveness of licensing process, we conducted an in-depth survey and analysis of these experiences. By viewing the licensing process as a confidence conversion process, a Licensing Performance Model is developed and used as a framework to analyze the behavior characteristics of licensing activities. The model identified major factors and functions that dominate the performance

  19. Four Essays on Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Solon

    2014-01-01

    Licensing contracts represent one of the most widely used mechanisms to exchange technologies and transfer know-how between firms. Due to the opportunities that licensing creates for firms operating on both sides of the markets for technology, it has increasingly become an integral part of firms’ R&D strategies. On the supply side, the existing literature has been focused on understanding how technology licensing can be used by firms as a mechanism to recover investments in inn...

  20. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, Number 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the operating reactors licensing actions program

  1. Licensing One of the World's Oldest Professions: Massage

    OpenAIRE

    Robert J. Thornton; Edward J. Timmons

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the development of occupational regulation of massage therapists in the United States as well as the effects of state licensing and certification on their earnings and numbers. Our results suggest that massage therapists working in states with licensing receive an earnings premium of as much as 16.2 percent. We also find some evidence that licensing seems to reduce the number of massage therapists. We find less convincing evidence that certification has had similar e...

  2. Creative Commons International The International License Porting Project

    OpenAIRE

    Maracke, Catharina

    2010-01-01

    When Creative Commons (CC) was founded in 2001, the core Creative Commons licenses were drafted according to United States Copyright Law. Since their first introduction in December 2002, Creative Commons licenses have been enthusiastically adopted by many creators, authors, and other content producers – not only in the United States, but in many other jurisdictions as well. Global interest in the CC licenses prompted a discussion about the need for national versions of the CC l...

  3. Licensing of the construction permit of the NHR-200

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear heating reactor (NHR) was developed by the Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology (INET), Tsinghua University. The main design features and safety concepts of the NHR-200, the criteria and principles that were followed in licensing the construction permit of the NHR-200 are discussed. Licensing activities and procedures are described. Some of the main licensing safety issues including accident analysis, secondary containment design, the requirements for the Diesel generators and the safety classification of systems and components are briefly addressed

  4. Licensing and continuous professional development of geodetic experts

    OpenAIRE

    Slobodan Pandžić; Slavoljub Tomić

    2014-01-01

    The same as other engineering and technical fields, performing geodetic activities in the Republic of Serbia is regulated by relevant standards and system of licensing. Geodetic professionals licensing is conducted in accordance with the Law on Planning and Construction and the Regulations on Granting Licenses prescribed by Serbian Chamber of Engineers. Simultaneously, geodetic activity relating to the affairs of state survey and cadaster is regulated by the Law on State Survey and Cadaster a...

  5. Methodology and findings of the NRC's materials licensing process redesign

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the work and vision of the team chartered to redesign the process for licensing users of nuclear materials. The Business Process Redesign team was chartered to improve the speed of the existing licensing process while maintaining or improving public safety and to achieve required resource levels. The report describes the team's methods for acquiring and analyzing information about the existing materials licensing process and the steps necessary to radically change this process to the envisioned future process

  6. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Fiscal Year 1990, The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (Panel) handled 40 proceedings involving the construction, operation, and maintenance of commercial nuclear power reactors or other activities requiring a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This report summarizes, highlights, and analyzes how the judges and licensing boards of the Panel addressed the wide-ranging issues raised in these proceedings during the year

  7. Social license to operate: case from brazilian mining industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Ana Lúcia F.; Demajorovic, Jacques; Aledo, Antonio

    2015-04-01

    The approach of the Social License to Operate (SLO) emerges as an important element in academic discussions and business practices related to extractive industries. It appears that in productive activities with great potential to produce economic, social and environmental impacts, conventional approaches based on legal compliance no longer sufficient to legitimize the actions of companies and engagement stakeholders. Studies highlight the need of mining activities receiving a SLO "issued" by companies stakeholders, including society, government, non-governmental organizations, media and communities. However, local communities appears as major stakeholders in governance arrangements, by virtue of its proximity to extractive areas and ability to affect the company's results. Stakeholders with unmet expectations can generate conflicts and risks to the company, the knowledge of these expectations and an awareness of company managers of the importance of Social License to Operate (SLO), can generate strategies and mitigating actions to prevent and or minimize possible conflicts. The concept of SLO arises in engineering extractive industry, when you need to respond to social challenges, beyond the usual environmental challenges, technological and management. According to Franks and Cohen (2012) there is a tendency of engineering sectors, sustainability, environmental, safety and especially in risk mappings, treat the technological issues in a neutral manner, separating the technological research projects of social influences. I want to contribute to the advancement of the debate on stakeholder engagement and adopting as focus on the company's relationship with the community, the aim of this study was to understand how a social project held by one of the largest mining companies in Brazil contributed to the process of SLO. This methodological procedure adopted was a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory interviews with the communities located in rural areas of direct

  8. Licensing process for the power increase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The licensing process for the power increase of a nuclear power station is presented, this includes the description of the effective normative framework, the attributions of the one Mexican regulator organism in nuclear matter, the definition and importance of the power level of a nuclear reactor for the safety studies. Also, the types of power increase according to its magnitude, and the regulator process that it includes the scope and the detail of the required information that it should be evaluated by the one regulator organism are discussed. Finally it offers a summary of the experience that one has in Mexico for this type of processes. (Author)

  9. Optimal Licensing Contracts with Three Innovation Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela MARINESCU

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we analyze the features of the optimal licensing contracts in the situation of asymmetric information between the license’s owner and the potential buyer. The approach is based on a classical model of adverse selection first proposed by Macho-Stadler and Perez-Castrillo (1991 and solved in an alternative way, using the informational rents as variables, by Marinescu and Marin (2011. Their model is extended in the present paper by assuming that the adverse selection parameter can have one of three possible values (corresponding to three possible types of innovations.

  10. 78 FR 23886 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ..., Agricultural Research Service, intends to grant to Biosortia Pharmaceuticals of Dublin, Ohio, an exclusive... the public interest to so license this invention as Biosortia Pharmaceuticals of Dublin, Ohio...

  11. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Vol. 3, No. 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the operating reactors licensing actions program. Its content will change based on NRC management informational requirements

  12. Safety and Licensing of Spent Fuel Storage Facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All operating nuclear power reactors in the United States (U.S.) are storing spent fuel on-site in spent fuel pools licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Spent fuel pools at U.S. reactors were not designed to store the full amount of spent fuel generated during the lifetime of plant operation. Consequently, most utilities expanded their storage capacity by the use of high-density storage racks. Even with the high density racks, most utilities will need additional storage capacity. When it became apparent that nuclear power plants were going to need additional spent fuel storage space, the NRC amended its regulations in 1980 to provide nuclear power plants with alternate spent fuel storage in an independent spent fuel storage installation (ISFSI). NRC provides for a 20-year specific license with the option to renew the license for additional 20-year terms. In 1990, the NRC implemented the General License option to ease the burden on nuclear power plants that have a license to either operate or possess fuel. The general license for each storage cask terminates 20 years after the storage cask is first used by the licensee. The first storage cask using a general license was loaded in 1994. This paper discusses NRC experiences and its knowledge gained in licensing over the past 30 years and renewing the licenses for three ISFSIs and how this knowledge has driven the NRC to revise its guidance and thought processes for dry storage. (author)

  13. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... (OFF), 7823 New London Drive, Springfield, VA 22153, Officers: Feras Hindi, Member, (Qualifying Individual), Ruba Hindi, Member, Application Type: New OFF License. Kemka USA Limited Liability Company...

  14. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management. This summary report is published for internal NRC use in managing the Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Program. Its content will change based on NRC management informational requirements

  15. 77 FR 23719 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... Type: New NVO License. Bertschi North America Inc. (NVO), 15811 Heatherdale Drive, Houston, TX 77059. Officers: Eloy Ramos, Director/President/Secretary/ Treasurer (Qualifying Individual), Hans J....

  16. Licensing biotech intellectual property in university-industry partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozdoff, Vladimir; Fairbairn, Daryl

    2015-03-01

    Appropriate negotiation and drafting of license agreements are critical to successfully establishing and managing the expansive and complex relationships that are becoming more common between industry and universities. More often than not, the resulting licensing agreements become quite lengthy and complex, and the key principles become difficult to discern among all the details. This summary provides a short, nonexhaustive introduction to some of the essential components of these licenses with the intent of providing the non-licensing professional a better appreciation of some of the key commercial and legal terms from both an academic and company perspective, keeping in mind some of the considerations that particularly apply to biotechnology deals. PMID:25605752

  17. 77 FR 61752 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... Embarque Corporation (NVO & OFF), 376 Totowa Avenue, Paterson, NJ 07502, Officers: Robert Guerra, President (QI), Henry Guerra, Vice President, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Ocean Line Logistics...

  18. DESIGNING A PRODUCT CATALOGUE FOR CAT BAGS FALL WINTER 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Vorobyeva, Lidia

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this thesis project was to create a product catalogue for the brand Cat Bags. The project was conducted in co-operation with the bag manufacturer GROWN UP Group and its part called GROWN UP Licenses. The GROWN UP Licenses owns a license to produce and sell bags and related products under the brand Cat. Designing a product catalogue is a complex project including co-operation and collaboration with the GROWN UP Licenses marketing team and a senior graphic designer. The proc...

  19. 78 FR 15747 - Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses Involving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... Nuclear Engineering (GEH) Licensing Topical Report, NEDC-33178P-A, Revision 1, ``General Electric... features (69 FR 33536; June 16, 2004). Engineering analyses, which may include engineering evaluations....315(c), must be filed in accordance with the NRC's E-Filing rule (72 FR 49139; August 28, 2007). The...

  20. Learning-by-Licensing: How Chinese Firms Benefit From Licensing-In Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Roijakkers, N.; Vanhaverbeke, W.

    2012-01-01

    performance lies in differences of absorptive capacity. In this study, we intend to relax this assumption and use data about 186 Chinese indigenous firms to investigate how differences in in-licensing portfolios lead to different effects on innovation performance. We find that firms benefit from prior in...

  1. 10 CFR 171.15 - Annual fees: Reactor licenses and independent spent fuel storage licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... only status and has spent fuel onsite, and each independent spent fuel storage 10 CFR part 72 licensee... onsite, and to each independent spent fuel storage 10 CFR part 72 licensee who does not hold a 10 CFR... NRC § 171.15 Annual fees: Reactor licenses and independent spent fuel storage......

  2. Nuclear Regulatory Commission activities to prepare for reviewing license applications and issuing licenses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uleck, R.B.; DeFino, C.V. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (LLRWPAA) assigned States the responsibility to provide for disposal of commercial low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) by 1993. The LLRWPAA also required the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to establish procedures and develop the technical review capability to process license applications for new LLRW disposal facilities. Under the LLRWPAA, NRC is required, to the extent practicable, to complete its review of an LLRW disposal facility license application within 15 months of its submittal by a State. This provision of the LLRWPAA helps ensure that NRC, in addition to protecting public health and safety and the environment, facilitates States` achievement of LLRWPAA milestones for new facility development. A timely NRC review is needed for States to accomplish their objective of having new disposal facilities in operation on the dates prescribed in the LLRWPAA. To help assure NRC and States` compliance with the provisions of the LLRWPAA, NRC has developed a licensing review strategy that includes: (1) the further development of regulatory guidance, (2) enhancement of licensing review capability, and (3) prelicensing regulatory consultation with potential applicants.

  3. COMPARISON OF CERTAIN ABILITIES NEEDED BY WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES AND LICENSED ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DILLON, ROY D.

    THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH WORKERS WITH THE JOB TITLES OF GENERAL DIRECTORS, SALESMEN, SUPERVISORS, AND FIELD WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES NEEDED AGRICULTURALLY ORIENTED KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAME KIND AND LEVEL AS WORKERS IN COMPARABLE JOB TITLES IN ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES. DATA WERE COLLECTED BY PERSONAL…

  4. FDI, licensing, e crescimento da produtividade total de fatores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Flavia Bonzaninit

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho analisamos os impactos de dois canais de transferência internacional de tecnologia, investimento direto estrangeiro e licenciamento (FDI e licensing, sobre o crescimento da produtividade total de fatores (TFP numa amostra de 88 países, para o período 1980-2006. Em relação a Pessoa (2008, trazemos aqui três contribuições originais: incluímos na especificação do modelo econométrico uma variável de composição dos fluxos estrangeiros de capital; nossa amostra compreende também países pobres e em desenvolvimento, e não só da OCDE; oferecemos um tratamento do problema de endogeneidade típico em regressões de crescimento tendo como variáveis explicativas medidas do tipo "abertura financeira" dos países.We analyze the impacts of two international technology transfer channels, foreign direct investment (FDI and licensing, on total factor productivity (TFP growth in a sample of 88 countries for the period 1980-2006. Comparing with Pessoa (2008, we bring here three original contributions: we include in the econometric model specification a variable which captures the composition of foreign capital flows; our sample comprises poor and developing countries too, not only OECD's; we offer a treatment for the typical endogeneity problem found in growth regressions which have as explanatory variables measures like countries' "financial openness".

  5. Licensing systems for reactor operators in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Any person proposing to set up a reactor, whether for commercial power generation or for research, is obliged by law to adopt a ''chief tech-ician'' for the reactor from among those who have passed national examinations for such technicians, for appointment to the supervisory position to ensure safety in reactor operation (System for Reactor Chief Technicians). Candidates for chief technicians first take a written test, followed by an oral test. The written test is given to find out whether or not they have the special knowledge necessary to discharge their possible duties as chief technicians. The oral test is given to see if they have the practical knowledge necessary for reactor operation. After the TMI accident, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry carried out a special inspection of nuclear power plants, leading to the conclusion that it was necessary to make constant efforts to upgrade the skills of the operators. Thus the MITI enforced a new system (System for Reactor Responsible Operators) in July 1980, with the aim of fostering and securing highly qualified responsible operators. The Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering Society was appointed as the licensing organization in January 1981. It was made obligatory for owners of commercial power reactors to assign persons licensed by the Society as responsible operators of nuclear power reactors. (Nogami, K.)

  6. Licensing Support Network: An Electronic Discovery System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The necessary authorization for the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) to submit a License Application (LA) is contingent upon the policy process defined in the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, as amended (NWPA), with some steps yet to occur. In spite of this uncertainty, the DOE must take prudent and appropriate action now, and over the next several years, to prepare for submittal of an application and to facilitate the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) review of this application, if the Yucca Mountain site is recommended and approved for repository development. One of these steps the DOE has taken involves working with the NRC's Advisory Review Panel to develop Licensing Support Network (LSN) requirements and guidelines. The NRC has made a prototype of the LSN web page available at www.LSNNET.gov. The OCRWM part of the LSN currently has an indefinite life cycle and may need to remain in existence until the repository is closed, which could be as long as 325 years

  7. Mock Site Licensing Demonstration Project. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mock Site Licensing Demonstration Project developed the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Siting Simulation, a role-playing exercise designed to facilitate the process of siting and licensing disposal facilities for low-level waste (LLW). This report describes the development, contant, and usefulness of the siting simulation. The simulation was designed by Harvard University's Program on Negotiation; it can be conducted at a workshop or conference, involves 14 or more participants, and requires about eight hours to complete. The simulation consists of two sessions. In the first, participants negotiate the selection of siting criteria, and in the second, a preferred site for a facility is chosen from three candidate sites. The project sponsored two workshops (in Boston, Massachusetts and Richmond, Virginia) in which the simulation was conducted for persons involved in planning for LLW. It is concluded that the siting simulation can be useful in three ways: (1) as a tool for information dissemination, (2) as a vehicle that can foste communication among parties in conflict, and (3) as a step toward consensus building and conflict resolution. The DOE National Low-Level Waste Management Program is now making the siting simulation available for use by states, regional compacts, and other organizations involved in development of LLW disposal facilities

  8. Decision of decommissioning and license renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the concept in judging the decommissioning or license renewal of a nuclear power plant. As for the criteria for decision, it is important to have the recognition that the problem is that the type and design concept of whole facilities including reactor itself, design standards, and material specifications are out of date, not because that equipment is decrepit. This paper takes up Tsuruga Unit 1 reactor, which adopted Japan's sole BWR/2 reactor type, as an example, and analyzed the factors for that when a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) has happened, the reactor core is stripped of everything in a very short time, assuming from the material specifications and multiplex design at the time of construction. This paper points out the following problems: (1) existence of superiority and inferiority among generations depending on the evolution of basic design, (2) loose standards/criteria at the time of construction, and (3) non-establishment of standard design at the initial stage of construction. It also introduces the failed example of license renewal that was attempted through remodeling, by referring to the example of a power plant in the United States, and advices that we should be prudent for the renewal. (A.O.)

  9. Licensing strategies for electric power generating facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siting and licensing electric power generating facilities can be a time-consuming, costly, and frustrating process. An aggressive and constantly changing regulatory climate, heightened public awareness of environmental issues, and the proliferation and resilience of opposition groups have created a permitting atmosphere in which the developer must shoulder the burden of proof that the environmental impacts of his project will be acceptable; and today, acceptable is fast becoming negligible. Throughout this complex process, it is important that the developer not lose sight of the objective of environmental permitting, environmental protection in order to ensure successful facility implementation and operation. Done properly, the environmental permitting process can also ensure continued good community relations long after the facility comes on line. As discussed in this paper, important keys to the successful licensing of a power project include assembling the right permitting team at the right stage in the development process, selecting the right site within the right host community, developing and implementing a sound permitting strategy, and executing a careful public interaction program

  10. 21 CFR 510.305 - Maintenance of copies of approved medicated feed mill licenses to manufacture animal feed bearing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Maintenance of copies of approved medicated feed mill licenses to manufacture animal feed bearing or containing new animal drugs. 510.305 Section 510...) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS Records and Reports § 510.305 Maintenance...

  11. 75 FR 9452 - Solicitation of Topics for Discussion at a Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... COMMISSION Solicitation of Topics for Discussion at a Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing... Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing Conference. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory... entitled, ``Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Licensing Conference.'' The purpose of the...

  12. 75 FR 7469 - Panel Member List for Hydropower Licensing Study Dispute Resolution; Notice Extending Filing Date...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Panel Member List for Hydropower Licensing Study Dispute Resolution; Notice Extending Filing Date for Applications for Panel Member List for Hydropower Licensing Study Dispute... in the Commission's hydropower integrated licensing process (ILP) study dispute resolution...

  13. 15 CFR 970.102 - Nature of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of licenses. 970.102 Section 970.102 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES General § 970.102 Nature...

  14. Equal Opportunity for Children (A Proposal for Licensed Parenthood).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Cosby S.; Hicks, Mary W.

    A theoretical proposal for a government-sponsored system of licensed parenthood is suggested, based on the premise that overpopulation, child abuse, and emotional, intellectual, and physical handicaps in children could be controlled through legislation. The three-part legislative proposal for licensed parenthood outlined would include: (1)…

  15. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Vol. 4, No. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  16. 77 FR 20398 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... Individual), Christopher J. Alf, Chairman/CEO, Application Type: New OFF License. Novargo Inc. (NVO), 38..., President/CEO, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Lars Courier, Inc. dba Lars International Freight...: Mark Bongean, Vice President (Operations), (Qualifying Individual), Sebastian Tshackert,...

  17. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ..., Officers: Edward H. Lee, Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Darren Kim, Chairman/ President/CFO...), George W. Pasha, IV, Member/President/CEO, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License RDD Freight... (Qualifying Individual), Victor L. Sheng, Director/ ] President/CEO, Application Type: New NVO License...

  18. 75 FR 32184 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing...; lambertsond@mail.nih.gov . Collaborative Research Opportunity: The Center for Cancer Research, Laboratory...

  19. 76 FR 10374 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... Federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing...-Chung Cheng and Aldo G. Badano (FDA). Patent Status: HHS Reference No. E-284-2010/0--Research...

  20. 76 FR 66726 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing... antigens, including MAGE-A3 and MAGE-A12, expressed by cancer cells. A research tool to...

  1. 77 FR 36477 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ..., Agricultural Research Service, intends to grant to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln of Lincoln, Nebraska, an... States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture. The prospective exclusive license will.... The prospective exclusive license may be granted unless, within thirty (30) days from the date of...

  2. 78 FR 27181 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, intends to grant to Oregon State University of Corvallis, Oregon... Agriculture. The ] prospective exclusive licenses will be royalty-bearing and will comply with the terms and conditions of 35 U.S.C. 209 and 37 CFR 404.7. The prospective exclusive licenses may be granted...

  3. 10 CFR 72.40 - Issuance of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and experience to conduct the operation covered by the regulations in this part; (5) The applicant's... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of license. 72.40 Section 72.40 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDEPENDENT STORAGE OF SPENT NUCLEAR...

  4. 76 FR 72409 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ...), Rolf E. Habben-Jansen, Chairman, Application Type: New NVO License. Daybreak Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF... Individual), Ming Wu, CEO/CFO/Secretary, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Trans-Pak International.... Webgistix Corporation (OFF), 127 E. Warm Springs Road, Las Vegas, NV 89119; Officer: Joseph A. Disorbo,...

  5. 75 FR 32983 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards: Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... exemption (72 FR 36748). The complete docket of the NAAA request, including public comments, can be examined... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards: Exemption AGENCY... not obtained an HM endorsement for their commercial driver's license (CDL) as required by...

  6. 78 FR 53456 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act...: New Life Health Care Services, LLC dba New Life Marine Services. Address: 3527 Brackenfern Road,...

  7. 77 FR 3773 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI...). Application Type: New OFF License. Kamino International Transport, Inc. dba Kamino Ocean Line (NVO &...

  8. 78 FR 3424 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  9. 48 CFR 227.7203-4 - License rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... or documentation or the licensor of the software or documentation if the development contractor is... Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-4 License rights. (a) Grant of license. The Government obtains rights in computer software or computer software documentation, including a...

  10. 75 FR 23272 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing...: Early stage. Market: According to a report by the Global Industry Analysts, Inc., the sun care market is...: Adaptation to different types of microscopes. Further demonstration of utility of in-vivo imaging....

  11. 77 FR 20823 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Family Healthware

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Family... Analysis for Personalized Disease Prevention Plan,'' filed 5/20/2008, claiming priority to Provisional... Application Pending. Priority Date: 2/3/2005. Issue Date: N/A. The prospective exclusive license will...

  12. 50 CFR 230.5 - Licenses for aboriginal subsistence whaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... whaling. 230.5 Section 230.5 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WHALING WHALING PROVISIONS § 230.5 Licenses for aboriginal subsistence whaling. (a) A license is hereby issued to whaling captains identified by the...

  13. 78 FR 35635 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act.... Name: KN Special Logistics, Inc. Address: 22780 Indian Creek Drive, Suite 160, Sterling, VA 20166....

  14. The B and W owners group license renewal program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uncertainty in the license renewal process can only be reduced by a demonstration. The B and WOG has committed to pursuing license renewal and submitting at least one license renewal application. The condition for this commitment is that reasonable NRC interpretations be provided in process through the formal approval of technical reports. This formal approval will allow on-going evaluation of the cost effectiveness of the license renewal option. The evaluations will satisfy the technical requirements for the B and WOG owners and can pave the way for the industry as a whole. The industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission must continue to solve policy issues such as the continuity of the current licensing basis, the implications of the new license and the depth of the evaluation required to demonstrate that aging is managed. Reasonable solutions to these policy issues will be critical in keeping the license renewal option cost effective. As history has demonstrated, without that positive economic analysis, nuclear plant operations will not be viable. License renewal can help strengthen cost effective plant operation and maintain the nuclear option into the 21st century

  15. 78 FR 25740 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... to Fesco Integrated Transport North Neptune Shipping Limited dba Novalink Logistics (NVO), 2085 S... Leonard, Member (QI), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Maritime and Intermodal Logistics Systems..., OH 43219, Officer: Nicholas Armah, Member (QI), Application Type: New NVO License Seacoast...

  16. 19 CFR 360.101 - Steel import licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., refer to 19 CFR 143.21 through 143.28. (e) Other non-consumption entries. Import licenses are not... Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE STEEL IMPORT MONITORING AND... for “informal entries” listed in paragraph (d) of this section, will require an import license...

  17. Motorcycle Training for California Driver Licensing Personnel. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Motor Vehicles, Sacramento.

    The development of a 6-hour motorcycle course of instruction for personnel responsible for motorcycle licensing is described in this project report. The primary goals are stated and include (1) training driver licensing personnel in motorcycle safety and principles of operation, and (2) purchasing and installing appropriate motorcycle skill…

  18. 77 FR 57596 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ...: Dynamically Variable Spot Size Laser System; NASA Case No.: MFS-32859-1: Pulsed Ultrasonic Stir Welding System... and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent... been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing....

  19. 75 FR 10286 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... Invention: Radiation therapy not only damages cancer cells, but it also damages healthy cells and can cause... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing.... Development Status: The invention is fully developed. Market: Vaccines development based on vaccinia (e.g....

  20. 25 CFR 141.13 - Amusement company licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amusement company licenses. 141.13 Section 141.13 Indians... NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Licensing Requirements and Procedures § 141.13 Amusement company... companies where the contract between the tribe and the amusement company provides for the payment of a...

  1. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  2. 22 CFR 120.21 - Manufacturing license agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturing license agreement. 120.21 Section 120.21 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.21 Manufacturing license agreement. An agreement (e.g., contract) whereby a U.S....

  3. 42 CFR 431.706 - Composition of licensing board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.706 Composition of licensing board. (a) The board must be... representative of a single profession or category of institution; and (2) Members not representative of institutions may not have a direct financial interest in any nursing home. (b) For purposes of this...

  4. Guide to request license for industrial X-rays practices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work the instructions it plows described to request license for practices it of industrial x-ray it continued. The instructions but important: they plows license type, purpose of the application, source and equipment, location of local the, program of radiological protection and security

  5. 76 FR 36513 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... Lakeland, Florida, an exclusive license to the variety of citrus claimed in U.S. Plant Patent Application... of Lakeland, Florida has submitted a complete and sufficient application for a license. The... requirements of 35 U.S.C. 209 and 37 CFR 404.7. Richard J. Brenner, Assistant Administrator. BILLING CODE...

  6. Commitment of Licensed Social Workers to Aging Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Kelsey; Bonifas, Robin; Gammonley, Denise

    2011-01-01

    This study sought to identify client, professional, and employment characteristics that enhance licensed social workers' commitment to aging practice. A series of binary logistic regressions were performed using data from 181 licensed, full-time social workers who reported aging as their primary specialty area as part of the 2004 NASW's national…

  7. License - GETDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Jap...© 2010 Shigeo Hayashi(RIKEN) licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan .... The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this

  8. License - RGP caps | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available is database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ...Sciences licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution

  9. License - Trypanosomes Database | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available w in using this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Sha...Trypanosomes DB © Targeted Proteins Research Program licensed under CC Attribution...-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found her

  10. License - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available atabase. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japa...uchi (National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences) licensed under CC Attribution...-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found her

  11. License - AT Atlas | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available is database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ...rgeted Proteins Research Program licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Ja...pan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to t

  12. License - RGP gmap | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available is database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ...NETIC MAP IN NATURE GENETICS © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution...-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alik

  13. License - RGP physicalmap | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sing this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Ali...e of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution

  14. License - RMG | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tabase. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan...Genome © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution...-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found h

  15. License - TP Atlas | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available is database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ...rgeted Proteins Research Program licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Ja...pan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to t

  16. License - DGBY | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available atabase. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japa...(National Food Research Institute) licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ...Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to

  17. License - PLACE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Jap... Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2....1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard

  18. License - Society Catalog | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sing this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Ali...y Catalog © The Database Center for Life Science licensed under CC Attribution-Sh...are Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here .

  19. License - RPSD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available atabase. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japa...on of Protein © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution...-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is

  20. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    .... License Number: 015847N. Name: Straightline Logistics, Inc. Address: One Cross Island Plaza, Suite 210...: 228-236 Star of India Lane, Main Street, Carson, CA 90746. Date Revoked: February 7, 2011. Reason.... License Number: 019288F. Name: Kairos Logistics LLC. Address: 1447 West 178th Street, Suite 305,...

  1. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 4, No. 9

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the division of licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  2. Licensing Trends for Construction of New Nuclear Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently in Korea, an SFR (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor) technology proving stage reactor called PGSFR (Prototype Gen-IV SFR) is being developed by KAERI and KEPCO E and C to be constructed by 2028. After the accident of the Fukushima nuclear power plants, how to regulate and license newly developing nuclear reactors requiring higher safety goals has been issued. As a result, in leading nuclear nations developing new reactors, the close cooperation between the developer and the regulator is becoming very important. In this study, the licensing processes of leading nuclear countries were surveyed and compared with that of Korea, and a new licensing direction for PGSFR was suggested. Reviewing licensing processes for newly developing reactors of other countries, the first step of the licensing process is the pre-safety review, which is to review the reactor design. This process is not legally binding, but is a review process for a better understanding of newly applied technologies by regulators prior to starting the legally binding licensing process as the construction and operation licensing. This process provides an opportunity for the reactor developer to adopt the regulator's licensing direction and a goal to designing newly developing reactors to meet the safety requirements

  3. License - KEGG MEDICUS | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available g this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial... KEGG MEDICUS © Minoru Kanehisa (Kyoto Univ.) licensed under CC Attribution-NonCommercial...-NoDerivs 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.1 Jap

  4. 75 FR 3704 - Secrecy and License To Export

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Secrecy and License To Export ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request... opportunity to comment on the revision of a continuing information collection, as required by the Paperwork...-mail: Susan.Fawcett@uspto.gov . Include ``0651-0034 Secrecy and License to Export collection...

  5. 76 FR 68225 - License Renewal Application for Purdue University

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... COMMISSION License Renewal Application for Purdue University AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION... Facility Operating License No. R-087 (``Application''), which currently authorizes Purdue University (the licensee) to operate the Purdue University Reactor (PUR-1) at a maximum steady-state thermal power of...

  6. 77 FR 43866 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... System,'' to Aviation Technology, Inc., having its principal place of business at 288 Dolphin Cove Court... prospective exclusive license will comply with the terms and conditions of 35 U.S.C. 209 and 37 CFR 404.7. DATES: The prospective exclusive license may be granted unless, within fifteen (15) days from the...

  7. ABWR certification work brings US licensing stability nearer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) is now approaching Final Design Approval by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and will then proceed on to the certification phase of the NRC's new standard plant licensing process. Successful completion of this will usher in a new era of standardization and reactor licensing stability in the US. (author)

  8. 77 FR 23720 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    .... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 022238NF. Name: Grimes Supply Chain Services...: Summit Logistics, Inc. Address: 177-25 Rockaway Blvd., Suite 107, Jamaica, NY 11434. Date Revoked...: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 022431N. Name: SPG Logistics, Inc. Address: 8081 NW...

  9. Museums in the Commercial Marketplace: The Need for Licensing Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodes, Scott; Gross, Karen

    1978-01-01

    Discussed are the major features of a Model Licensing Agreement to be used by museums in any commercial reproduction venture. They include rights and obligations of the respective parties, maintenance of quality control, payment of royalties, arbitration, and termination provisions. The Model Licensing Agreement is appended. (JMD)

  10. 78 FR 71611 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ...: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License No.: 017531F. Name: New York Logistic Services, Inc. Address... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION... valid bond. License No.: 17895NF. Name: Maritime International, Inc. dba Trade Link. Address:...

  11. 22 CFR 129.6 - Requirement for license/approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Brokering activities undertaken by or for an agency of the United States Government— (i) For use by an agency of the United States Government; or (ii) For carrying out any foreign assistance or sales program... LICENSING OF BROKERS § 129.6 Requirement for license/approval. (a) No person may engage in the business...

  12. Operating reactors licensing actions summary. Volume 5, No. 9

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Resource Management

  13. 78 FR 75345 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... President and Sales Manager (QI), Teresita Del Calvo, Manager. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License..., Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309. Officers: Ulrike Bracken, Manager (QI), Philip Stachow, Managing Member... Manager (QI), Unni Krishnan Nair, President. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Martik LLC...

  14. 77 FR 64315 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S. Provisional Patent...

  15. 77 FR 38771 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... of exclusive patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR... territories, possessions and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S....

  16. 77 FR 48130 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in Provisional Application for...

  17. 75 FR 63443 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(c)(1) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S. Patent Application No....

  18. 77 FR 65673 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S. Patent Application No....

  19. 77 FR 72873 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license revocations... of the Code of Federal Regulations at section 111.30(d), (19 CFR 111.30(d)) the following...

  20. 76 FR 65742 - Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and... section 641 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, (19 U.S.C. 1641) and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulations (19 CFR 111.51(b)), the following Customs broker licenses and all associated...

  1. How Much are Flexibility and Uncertainty Worth in Patent Licensing?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Oriani, Raffaele; Reichstein, Toke

    2015-01-01

    As patent licensing has become the prime driver of technology trade, understanding the rationales behind a properly-defined payment structure of the agreements is essential. Specifically, among the other remuneration components, upfront fees are critical in license negotiations since they imply a...

  2. Licensing process for a uranium ore mining and milling facilities located in the state of Bahia, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Concentrate Plant – URA – is a plant engaged in uranium ore research, mining and milling activities. The plant aims at producing natural uranium concentrate in the form of ammonium diuranate – ADU, used as raw material for fuel production for nuclear plants. This paper discusses the aspects related to nuclear installation licensing, featuring all steps of the process and emphasizing the requirements of control agencies. It also approaches the epidemiological study required by IBAMA during the process of environment licensing, in order to define possible influences of URA's activities on the neighboring population’s health. (author)

  3. Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    The Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes. As appropriate, these standards will be revised periodically to accommodate comments and reflect new information or experience.

  4. Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes. As appropriate, these standards will be revised periodically to accommodate comments and reflect new information or experience

  5. Licensing Process for Nuclear Installations. Specific Safety Guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide describes how the licensing process should be applied at the various stages of the lifetime of a nuclear installation, with discussion of topics and required documents to be considered at each stage. Recommendations on the application by a regulatory body of a graded approach in the licensing process are also provided. It also describes the processes that should be undertaken to meet the regulatory and legal requirements in a Member State to authorize the establishment of a nuclear installation and/or initiation of its activities. While this Safety Guide focuses on safety at nuclear installations, it is noted that integration of safety and security aspects should be considered and evaluated by the regulatory body in the licensing process. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. General recommendations for the licensing process; 3. Steps of the licensing process; Appendix I: Examples of documents to be submitted to the regulatory body.

  6. Screening of generic safety issues for license renewal considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faramarzi, A.; Hughes, A.A.; Seth, S.S. (Mitre Corp., McLean, VA (United States))

    1991-12-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is developing regulations for renewing the operating licenses of nuclear power plants to ensure that they operate safely beyond the present license terms of 40 years. One consideration relates to past resolutions of generic safety issues (GSIs) that did not result in backfit requirements on the licensees. The consideration of an additional operating term of 20 years which the proposed license renewal rule allows, could have retrospective implication for the basis of those GSI resolutions. As part of its technical support to the NRC for the development of license renewal regulations. MITRE has performed an independent review of the GSIs to identify those that could be potentially affected by license renewal considerations. This report describes the screening process and the results of that work.

  7. The end game must end before license renewal begins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quest for a process and strategy to achieve license renewal was begun in the mid-1980s with the view that renewal was an imperative. A major portion of the nation's future electric supply seemed to be at stake. For plants who were becoming noncompetitive because of annual capital recovery, license renewal also appeared as the means of survival. These two perceptions led to a third: License renewal should be sought immediately upon completion of the first 20 yr of operation. Although the basic engineering premise of license renewal remains sound, the perceptions regarding timing of an application may be incorrect. This paper suggests that a gauntlet of uncertainty exists for all plants. Further, it is most severe between the 20th and 30th years of operation. Thus, the competitive viability of the plant must be sustained for most of the initial term before license renewal can become a serious option

  8. The Licensing of New Nuclear Power Plants in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction dealing with the nuclear Renaissance in Europe and the specific situation of Germany and of Italy, the article focuses on the question of licensing processes for new reactors. New nuclear power plant projects involve a substantial investment and electric utilities will only take this decision if the licensing and regulatory risk can be adequately managed. Licensing processes should be predictable and efficient in order to give sufficient assurance to applicants. The article discusses best practice in licensing by giving some examples of suitable licensing processes of other countries. It also highlights international initiatives aimed at harmonizing safety requirements for new reactors and a multinational cooperation in reactor design review. These issues should be carefully considered by any country wanting to get new nuclear started.

  9. Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes. As appropriate, this standard will be revised periodically to accommodate comments and reflect new information or experience

  10. 78 FR 37234 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Start-Up Commercial License for the Development of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Start-Up Commercial License for the Development of Fenoterol and Fenoterol Analogues for the Treatment of Brain, Liver,...

  11. The road to nuclear licensing reform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    United States legislation on licensing of nuclear installations is complex, rigid and heavy. According to public opinion it bypasses its objctives when those empowered to speak in the context of 'public participation' realise the ineffectiveness and uselessness of their intervention. The Administration and specialist agencies therefore appear to be closed institutions and the public's lack of understanding gives birth to suspicion which in turn results in contestation. The author thus pulls apart the mechanism of the American public's rejection of the nuclear option. He proposes reforms more likely to gain that public's confidence. Rather than restructuring the mechanism and the institutions, the author favours a revision of the mentality which will result in an improvement in the relations between the Administration and the public. (NEA)

  12. Licensing woes peril start of oil ports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, E.

    1976-10-04

    Port facility licensing problems are now threatening the planned daily importation of 3.8 million barrels of crude oil through the Gulf of Mexico - oil which could be up to 15 cents cheaper per barrel and provide partial relief to states affected by Canada's impending shutoff of crude exports. Action was expected by December, 1976 on two Gulf Coast deepwater ports - Seadock, Inc. and Louisiana Oil Port, Inc. (LOOP). Oil from both group's proposed facilities could reach Northern-Tier states via existing pipelines. Seadock is planned in the Gulf, 26 miles south of Freeport, Texas and LOOP is to be situated 18 miles off the Louisiana coast directly south of New Orleans. The LOOP crude could be delivered to a St. James, Louisiana pipeline, extending to Patoka, Ill., starting point for other pipelines. (MCW)

  13. LTO License Application Project NPP Borssele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borssele NPP plans to extend its operating life with 20 years until 2034. Borssele has started the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' (LTO 'Justification') in order to meet the requirements of the Dutch regulator. The outline of the project is based on IAEA safety guide 57 'Safe Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants'. This paper describes the contents and coherence of the different parts in the project and how these respond to the IAEA guidelines on LTO. The goal of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' is to ensure that safety and safety relevant systems, structures and components continue to perform their intended functions during long term operation. The outcome of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' will be used for a license change application and this will be submitted to the Dutch regulator KFD for approval of prolonged operation of Borssele NPP after 2013. (author)

  14. Pricing of Licenses on CERN Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Eide, V; Gaivoronski, Alexei; Huuse, H; Streit-Bianchi, M; Le Goff, J M

    2006-01-01

    This Master thesis develops a framework for the pricing of licenses on technology, suitable for a Technology Transfer (TT) context that is characterized by a goal of dissemination, early-stage technologies, limited market information, and great variations between technologies. The chosen context is defined by comparing the policy and the specificity of the initial recipient, CERN, to other public research institutions, thereby aiming at the development of a general framework. A conceptual model of the framework is thereafter developed to accommodate considerations of all the indicated characteristics through three main subparts: 1)~the target price, 2)~the walk-away point, and 3)~the royalty structure. For estimation of a suitable target price, valuation methodologies from academic and business literature are reviewed and discussed with regard to their suitability for the chosen TT context, thus selecting six methods of different approaches and varying information dependency. A method for quantifying the appr...

  15. 76 FR 53500 - Notice of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuance of Materials License SUA-1598 and Record of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... request for a materials license was previously noticed in the Federal Register on July 10, 2008 (73 FR...., Project Manager, Uranium Recovery Licensing Branch, Decommissioning and Uranium Recovery Licensing... Director, Decommissioning and Uranium Recovery Licensing Directorate, Division of Waste Management...

  16. IRIS. Progress in licensing and toward deployment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) is an advanced, integral, light water cooled, pressurized reactor of smaller generating capacity (1000 MWt, or 335 MWe). It is being developed through a strong international partnership by a team lead by Westinghouse and including organizations from 10 countries. The main objective of the project is to offer a simple nuclear power plant with outstanding safety, attractive economics and enhanced proliferation resistance characteristics ready for deployment within the next decade. IRIS embodies the requirements set forth by the recently announced US DOE Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program for worldwide deployment of a smaller-scale reactors and provides a viable bridge to Generation IV reactors. IRIS is designed to address the needs of both developed and emerging markets. Its smaller power level provides deployment flexibility in larger developed markets, and makes it in particular well suited for markets with limited grids or where the annual energy demand growth is moderate. Due to its short construction time and the staggered build option, IRIS significantly reduces the required financing, improves cash flow, and provides a viable solution for economies with limited resources. While based on proven and worldwide accepted LWR technology, IRIS introduces a number of innovative solutions to simplify its design and improve safety and operational characteristics, including the integral primary system and its components, as well as the safety-by-design approach. These features will be tested and demonstrated in a testing program that has been initiated. As its centerpiece, the program will include the integral test facility. Results of this program will support licensing with the US NRC. A multinational licensing is considered to facilitate worldwide deployment. (author)

  17. DOE's Energy Optimization Program supports license renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While industry is primarily responsible for reducing costs and maintaining operational safety, the Federal government has a strategic national interest in continued operation of the existing NPPs. This view was supported by the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) Panel on Federal Energy Research and Development (R and D) last year. In its November 1997 report the PCAST panel determined the role of nuclear power in meeting global greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals as crucial and made specific recommendations for nuclear energy R and D that the US Department of Energy (DOE) should undertake. As part of these recommendations, PCAST asked that DOE work with the national laboratories, universities, and industry to address the critical issues that may prevent the continued operation of existing NPPs. DOE's Strategic Plan, issued in September 1997, also specifies that the US maintain its nuclear energy option and improve the efficiency of existing plants as part of its energy portfolio, in the interest of national security. DOE has proposed two new nuclear energy R and D programs for fiscal year 1999: the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (a peer-reviewed, competitively selected R and D program to preserve the future use of nuclear energy) and the Nuclear Energy Plant Optimization Program (NEPO). The goal of NEPO is to ensure that current NPPs can continue to deliver adequate and affordable energy supplies up to and beyond their initial 40-yr license period by resolving open issues related to aging mechanisms, by applying new technologies to improve the cost-effectiveness and predictability of the life-cycle management process, and by providing a strong technical basis for long-term operation via stable and efficient license renewal programs

  18. AP1000R licensing and deployment in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, both domestic and foreign utilities have turned to the standardized Westinghouse AP1000 plant design in satisfying their near - and long-term - sustainable energy needs. As direct support to these actions, licensing the AP1000 design has played a significant role by providing one of the fundamental bases in clearing regulatory hurdles leading to the start of new plant construction. Within the U.S. alone, Westinghouse AP1000 licensing activities have reached unprecedented milestones with the approvals of both AP1000 Design Certification and Southern Company's combined construction permit and operating license (COL) application directly supporting the construction of two new nuclear plants in Georgia. Further COL application approvals are immediately pending for an additional two AP1000 plants in South Carolina. And, across the U.S. nuclear industry spectrum, there are 10 other COL applications under regulatory review representing some 16 new plants at 10 sites. In total, these actions represent the first wave of new plant licensing under the regulatory approval process since 1978. Fundamental to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's AP1000 Design Certification is the formal recognition of the AP1000 passive safety design through regulatory acceptance rulemaking. Through recognition and deployment of the AP1000 Design Certification, the utility licensee / operator of this reactor design are now offered an opportunity to use a simplified 'one-step' combined license process, thereby managing substantial back-end construction schedule risk from regulatory and intervention delays. Application of this regulatory philosophy represents both acceptance and encouragement of standardized reactor designs like the AP1000. With the recent AP1000 Design Certification and utility COL acceptances, the fundamental licensing processes of this philosophy have successfully proven the attainment of significant milestones with the next stage licensing actions directed

  19. A quantitative integrated assessment of pollution prevention achieved by integrated pollution prevention control licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Styles, David; O'Brien, Kieran; Jones, Michael B

    2009-11-01

    This paper presents an innovative, quantitative assessment of pollution avoidance attributable to environmental regulation enforced through integrated licensing, using Ireland's pharmaceutical-manufacturing sector as a case study. Emissions data reported by pharmaceutical installations were aggregated into a pollution trend using an Environmental Emissions Index (EEI) based on Lifecycle Assessment methodologies. Complete sectoral emissions data from 2001 to 2007 were extrapolated back to 1995, based on available data. Production volume data were used to derive a sectoral production index, and determine 'no-improvement' emission trends, whilst questionnaire responses from 20 industry representatives were used to quantify the contribution of integrated licensing to emission avoidance relative to these trends. Between 2001 and 2007, there was a 40% absolute reduction in direct pollution from 27 core installations, and 45% pollution avoidance relative to hypothetical 'no-improvement' pollution. It was estimated that environmental regulation avoided 20% of 'no-improvement' pollution, in addition to 25% avoidance under business-as-usual. For specific emissions, avoidance ranged from 14% and 30 kt a(-1) for CO(2) to 88% and 598 t a(-1) for SO(x). Between 1995 and 2007, there was a 59% absolute reduction in direct pollution, and 76% pollution avoidance. Pollution avoidance was dominated by reductions in emissions of VOCs, SO(x) and NO(x) to air, and emissions of heavy metals to water. Pollution avoidance of 35% was attributed to integrated licensing, ranging from between 8% and 2.9 t a(-1) for phosphorus emissions to water to 49% and 3143 t a(-1) for SO(x) emissions to air. Environmental regulation enforced through integrated licensing has been the major driver of substantial pollution avoidance achieved by Ireland's pharmaceutical sector - through emission limit values associated with Best Available Techniques, emissions monitoring and reporting requirements, and

  20. Introduction to Technology Export License of Nuclear Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this regime, the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) has authority on final decision making. And the Korea Institute of Nuclear nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) has missions to review the classification and export licensing technically. In principle, classification and export licensing are applied and reviewed individually. However, the number of application for classification and licensing has increased geometrically in the last three years. This is largely a due to the contract that the Republic of Korea (ROK) has finalized to build the UAE Barakah Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) and Jordan Research and Training Reactor (JRTR). This circumstance brought an administrative burden for the government and related institutes as well as stakeholders. This article introduces the law related to the 'Technology Export License of Nuclear Facility' which was developed and legislated to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of commodities classification and export licensing. This system could significantly reduce the licensing burden for transferring the technologies. However, the classification and license on this system are still requested when transferring the goods. Therefore, KINAC will continue to figure out the needs for the stakeholders and keep searching for solutions to problems inherent in the industry

  1. Using lessons learned to improve the NPP license renewal process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are 103 licensed, operating commercial nuclear power plant reactors in the United States today. Based on the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issues licenses for commercial nuclear power plants (NPP) to operate for up to 40 years and allows these licenses to be renewed. The NRC has established a license renewal process that establishes guidelines for renewal of operating power plant licenses for an additional 20 years of plant life and that can be completed in a reasonable period of time. The NRC has developed internationally available license renewal guidance documents to describe the interrelated aspects of preparing and reviewing license renewal applications. The objective of this presentation is to provide background information on the development of these documents and to briefly explain the intended use of the guidance documents singularly and in combination-to facilitate the renewal process starting from the application development by the plant to the regulatory staff review including audits and inspections of on-site supporting technical documentation. (authors)

  2. Establishment of regulatory framework for the development reactor licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With a trend that various types of advanced reactor designs are currently under development worldwide, the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute has been developing an advanced reactor called ' System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor (SMART)', which is a small sized integral type pressurized water reactor with a rated thermal power of 330 MW. To demonstrate the safety and the performance of the SMART reactor design, the SMART Research and Development Center has embarked to build a scaled-down pilot plant of SMART, called 'SMART-P' with a rated thermal power of 65 MW. In preparation for the forthcoming applications for both construction permit and operating license of SMART-P in the near future, the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety is developing a new regulatory framework for licensing review of such a development reactor, which covers establishment of licensing process, identification and resolution of technical and safety issues, development of regulatory evaluation or verification-purpose computer codes and analytical methods, and establishment of design-specific, general design and operating criteria, regulations, and associated regulatory guides. This paper presents the current activities for establishing a regulatory framework for the licensing of a research and development reactor. Discussions are made on the SMART-P development program, the current Korean regulatory framework for reactor licensing, the SMART-P licensing-related issues, and the approach and strategy for developing an effective regulatory framework for the SMART-P licensing

  3. Practical issues in structuring seismic licensing and acquisition agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some issues facing the geophysical industry in the area of licensing and acquisition agreements are discussed, focusing on a very large business segment of the industry called 'non-exclusive' seismic data (commonly referred to as SPEC data). A historical perspective of the industry in the Gulf of Mexico is presented, highlighting some important aspects of data licenses. The benefits of licensing three-dimensional data to the exploration industry include: (1) economy of scale, (2) 3-D is more affordable, (3) reduced barriers to entry by independents, and (4) improved success rates and reduced risk. A list of 'SPEC' companies in the Gulf of Mexico is provided and the data licensing process is outlined. There are two basic types of seismic data use licenses. The first is for a single, one-time transaction, and the other (which is more prevalent), covers multiple use licenses contemplated over a period of time. This paper briefly outlined the meaning of some important terms usually found in a license agreement, among them ownership, rights of licensee, term, disclosure to third parties, and transfer. International 'SPEC' programs and the requirements for a successful 'SPEC' program are described. The requirements include: a stable host government, reliable, competitive system of concession offerings, long term scheduled offerings, clear, consistent, and acceptable concession terms to oil and gas companies, and consistent, fair and timely method of evaluating bids and awarding concessions. 001CA9901758

  4. Development of radioactive waste management licensing review assistant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulations on radioactive waste disposal are now in urgent need due to our increasing consumption of electric power from nuclear origin. It is set forth that actually applying the regulations to evaluate the license application of new repositories for interim storage and final disposal of High-Level Waste and Low-Level Waste before the year of 2000. In the mean time, it is expected to establish the basis for the decision on issuing the license. The license review procedure can be very complicated, because too many factors must be taken into consideration. For the time being, licensing review is as much an art as it is a science. The authority usually faces three major problems; (1) the availability of domain expert, (2) maintaining of high quality and consistent reviews, and (3) the documentation of the review process. However, to maintain a more efficient, accurate, and systematic review procedure, and at the same time to reduce costs, the Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques may be used. An expert system is designed as a radioactive waste management licensing review aid for the staff those are in charge of the license application. Tasks such as completeness checking, functional areas of review distribution, participation confirmation, knowledge acquisition, review comment collection, weighting calculation, and degree of satisfaction are considered. In this paper we will discuss the development of the radioactive waste management licensing review assistant

  5. TMI-related requirements for new operating licenses. Technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are four types of TMI-related requirements and actions approved by the Commission for new operating licenses: (1) those required to be completed by a license applicant prior to receiving a fuel-loading and low-power testing license, (2) those required to be completed by a license applicant prior to receiving a license to operate at appreciable power levels up to full power, (3) those the NRC will take prior to issuing a fuel-loading and low-power testing or a full-power operating license, and (4) those required to be completed by a licensee prior to a specified date. In this report, only those dated requirements that have already been issued are of interest. Other dated requirements are expected to be issued in the future as work progresses in accordance with the TMI Action Plan. This report summarizes the several parts of the list of TMI-related requirements approved by the Commission for new operating licenses

  6. ACR-1000 Project - Licensing Opportunities and Challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: 1000 (ACR-1000) as an evolutionary advancement of the current CANDU 6 reactor. The ACR-1000 design has evolved from AECL's in-depth knowledge of CANDU systems, components, and materials, as well as the experience and feedback received from owners and operators of CANDU plants. The ACR design retains the proven strengths and features of CANDU reactors, while incorporating innovations and state-of-the-art technology. It also features major improvements in economics, inherent safety characteristics, and performance, while retaining the proven benefits of the CANDU family of nuclear power plants. The Canadian nuclear reactor design evolution that has reached today's stage represented by the ACR-1000 as described above, has a long history dating back to the early 1950s. In this regard, Canada is in a unique situation, shared only by a very few other countries, where original nuclear power technology has been invented and further developed. With the Canadian nuclear technology development, in parallel, the development of Canadian regulations and licensing processes took place. This latter development was carried out by the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), established in 1946. The AECB mandate, originally focused on security, and later extended to include nuclear safety, was focused on regulating the nuclear sector, establishing health and safety regulations, and also played an instrumental role in forming the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The AECB, which preceded the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), established in 2000, licensed all CANDU power reactors in Canada and provided assistance to the overseas regulatory authorities in licensing of CANDU reactors in Korea, Argentina, China and Romania. The regulatory framework in Canada is currently in a period of change. The CNSC is further developing its requirements for new reactor designs in Canada whilst at the same time AECL development of the ACR design. This situation has created

  7. Licensing and regulation of the cannabis market in England and Wales: Towards a cost-benefit analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Pudney, Stephen; Bryan, Mark; DelBono, Emilia

    2013-01-01

    This study sets out the potential costs and benefits of a move to a licensed, taxed and regulated cannabis market in England and Wales. It identifies at least 17 sources of social cost/benefit and gives indicative estimates of annual net external benefit for 13 of them. We stress the important role of product regulation as a means of controlling the chemical properties of the cannabis product. Research in neuroscience has demonstrated the harmful effects of one cannabis constituent (THC) and ...

  8. Proceedings of the topical meeting on plant license renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extension of nuclear plant operating licenses for an additional 20 years represents an important contribution to ensuring an adequate energy supply for the nation during the first half of the 21st century. This importance cannot be overstated. License renewal will enable the continued availability of a proven, reliable, and benign source of electric capacity. Economic benefits resulting from the deferment of new construction have been estimated to exceed $100 billion. From an environmental standpoint, license renewal could prevent increased fossil fuel emissions associated with replacement power. Many person-years of regulatory, research, and industry efforts have been devoted to refining initial concepts into a workable, practicable, and demonstrable process focused on continued safety and adequate public protection. Issues important to the license renewal process are becoming focused, and the process itself has been identified, at least in preliminary form. The lead U.S. plants, Yankee Rowe and Monticello, are well along in their application process. Insights from their technical work have provided considerable improvements to the process. In consideration of the timing of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) rule-making efforts and industry initiatives, the Power Division of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) has sponsored this topical meeting on license renewal as a premier forum for the initiatives and issues. All participants are encouraged to exchange ideas and information to gain some insights into the issues and processes that are shaping the activities associated with their roles in the license renewal process. No single topical meeting could cover all of the issues in detail that are associated with license renewal at this time. This meeting will address many of the key issues and initiatives. The license renewal topical has been organized according to the following three areas: Regulatory Perspective: NRC perspectives on current rule

  9. Licensing of large industrial plants. Legal regulations and recent judicature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author arrives at a conclusion by examining prerequisites for licensing, their legal implementation, based on lawful standardization, and the dimensions of constitutional rights, including questions of third-party protection. In section ''licensing procedures'', he discusses the right for planning, true and false categorization of partial licensing, the participation of the public, exclusion of objections, protection of constitutional rights through procedures, and the legal consequences of judicial procedural errors. Within the frame of administrative controls, authority for court actions, control density, and effective, temporary legal protection are discussed. The author is of the opinion that the legal uncertainty, so often deplored is slowly disappearing. (HSCH)

  10. Licensing procedure for the Hanau fuel element fabrication plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Licensing procedure for the Hanau fuel element fabrication plant. The fuel element plant at Hanau fabricates at present fuel elements on the basis of licences according to para. 9 Atomic Energy Law. In 1975, however, it was decided to carry out a subsequent licensing procedure according to para. 7 Atomic Energy Law. This led to protracted proceedings before the Administrative Court and, in addition, to criminal proceedings against the managing director and officials. Most of the proceedings were settled in favor of the operator. The present state of partial licenses is described. (DG)

  11. Automated License Plate Recognition for Toll Booth Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketan S. Shevale

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Smart Vehicle Screening System, which can be installed into a tollbooth for automated recognition of vehicle license plate information using a photograph of a vehicle. An automated system could then be implemented to control the payment of fees, parking areas, highways, bridges or tunnels, etc. There are considered an approach to identify vehicle through recognizing of it license plate using image fusion, neural networks and threshold techniques as well as some experimental results to recognize the license plate successfully.

  12. Licensing procedures and safety criteria for research reactors in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the very beginning of the CEA up to now, a great deal of work has been devoted to the development and utilization of research reactors in France for the needs of fundamental and applied research, production of radioisotopes, and training. In recent years, new reactors were commissioned while others were decommissioned. Moreover some of the existing facilities underwent important modifications to comply with more severe safety criteria, increase the experimental capabilities or qualify new low-enrichment fuels for research reactors (Osiris and Isis). This paper summarizes the recent evolution of the French research reactor capacity, describes the licensing process, the main safety criteria which are taken into consideration, and associated safety research. At the end, a few considerations are given to the consequences of the Osiris core conversion. Safety of research reactors has been studied in detail and many improvements have been brought due to: implementation of a specific experimental program, and adaptation of safety principles and rules elaborated for power reactors. Research reactors in operation in France have been built within a 22 year period. Meanwhile, safety rules have been improved. Old reactors do not comply with all the new rules but modifications are continuously made: after analysis of incidents, when replacement of equipment has to be carried out, when an important modification (fuel conversion for example) is decided upon

  13. CAN OPEN MEAN TERBUKA? NEGOTIATING LICENSES FOR INDONESIAN VIDEO ACTIVISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Crosby

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Since the fall of Suharto’s New Order regime in Indonesia, space has been opened up for the emergence and development of new practices of media production and distribution, such as the use of video for social change. As access to the technology for producing, distributing and watching video becomes increasingly democratised in Indonesia over this period, a spectrum of approaches to licensing are developing in response to ideology as well as economic impetus. These include the full adherence to the global norms of intellectual property rights, market-driven piracy, politically based rejection of any restrictions, and a burgeoning interest in Creative Commons.While Indonesia hosts one of the most enthusiastic cultures of digital sharing, this article argues that there is not yet a solution for the issues of copyright management that fits the Indonesian context. We examine the work of several groups who are currently active in producing social and environmental video in the archipelago. These include VideoBattle, Forum Lenteng, and the EngageMedia network.

  14. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, a program has been established whereby an annual NUREG report will be published on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirement areas. This report, the third volume of a three-volume series, addresses the status of generic safety issues (GSIs) at licensed plants. Volume 1 addressed the status of Three Mile Island Action Plan requirements and was published in March 1991. Volume 2 addressed the status of implementation and verification of unresolved safety issues and was published in May 1991. The annual NUREG report will combine these three areas in a single volume to be published in late 1991. The data contained in these NUREG reports are a product of the NRC's Safety Issues Management System (SIMS) database, which is maintained by the Project Management Staff in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and by NRC regional personnel. The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive description of the status of implementation and verification of the 34 GSIs and sub-issues that have been resolved by the NRC and involve implementation of an action or actions by licensees. This NUREG report also serves as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues up until a request for action by licensees is issued by NRC. 3 figs., 6 tabs

  15. Changing mobility patterns and road mortality among pre-license teens in a late licensing country : an epidemiological study.

    OpenAIRE

    Twisk, D.A.M. Bos, N.M. Shope, J.T. & Kok, G.

    2013-01-01

    Whereas the safety of teens in early licensing countries has been extensively studied, little is known about the safety of pre-license teens in late licensing countries, where these teens also may be at risk. This risk exists because of the combination of a) increasing use of travel modes with a high injury risk, such as bicycles and mopeds, b) inexperience, and c) teens’ developmental stage, known to be associated with risk taking and novelty seeking, especially among males. To explore the m...

  16. Government use licenses in Thailand: The power of evidence, civil movement and political leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wibulpolprasert, Suwit; Chokevivat, Vichai; Oh, Cecilia; Yamabhai, Inthira

    2011-01-01

    This paper attempts to describe and analyse the policy processes that led to the granting and implementation of the government use licenses to enable the import and production of generic versions of medicines patented in Thailand. The decision to grant the series of government use licenses was taken despite much domestic and international controversy. The paper demonstrates that the policy processes leading to the granting of government use licenses are a successful application of the concept of "the triangle that moves the mountain". This is a well-known conceptualisation of a philosophical and strategic approach to public policy advocacy in Thailand, which propounds that the effective bridging of three powers; a.) Knowledge and evidence generated by research and analysis, b.) Civil society movements and public support, and c.) Leadership of policy makers and politicians; in a synergistic "triangle" can move "mountains", meaning the resolution of seemingly insurmountable problems. The paper provides insights into the policy context for the decision and analyses the roles of key actors, their motivations and the policy processes in the country. PMID:21910864

  17. Government use licenses in Thailand: The power of evidence, civil movement and political leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oh Cecilia

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper attempts to describe and analyse the policy processes that led to the granting and implementation of the government use licenses to enable the import and production of generic versions of medicines patented in Thailand. The decision to grant the series of government use licenses was taken despite much domestic and international controversy. The paper demonstrates that the policy processes leading to the granting of government use licenses are a successful application of the concept of "the triangle that moves the mountain". This is a well-known conceptualisation of a philosophical and strategic approach to public policy advocacy in Thailand, which propounds that the effective bridging of three powers; a. Knowledge and evidence generated by research and analysis, b. Civil society movements and public support, and c. Leadership of policy makers and politicians; in a synergistic "triangle" can move "mountains", meaning the resolution of seemingly insurmountable problems. The paper provides insights into the policy context for the decision and analyses the roles of key actors, their motivations and the policy processes in the country.

  18. The licensing process of Cernavoda NPP interim spent fuel dry storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first 12,000 spent fuel bundles capacity of a new modular interim spent fuel dry storage facility is in operation at the Cernavoda NPP site, since May 2003. The facility consists of a preparation station, a shielded transfer flask and a concrete monolith module of the MACSTOR type, a system designed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. The capacity can be extended to accommodate 300 000 spent fuel bundles, which represent the entire production of spent fuel during the lifetime of two CANDU-6 units. The project was implemented by Nuclearelectrica based on the licenses and permits granted by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN) for each step: the siting, construction, commissioning and operation. According to the specific Romanian regulations, the interim dry storage facility is also subject to the licensing process by the Environmental and Public Health authorities. The public involvement has been an important step of the environmental licensing procedure. Cernavoda NPP used different legal procedures for the public debate, including announcements in local and national newspapers and public hearings. No objections against the storage facility have been raised. (author)

  19. An exploration of compulsory licensing as an effective policy tool for antiretroviral drugs in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Dipika; Darrow, Jonathan J

    2013-01-01

    Access to affordable drugs for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and other diseases is increasingly challenging in many developing countries such as Brazil, South Africa, and India. These challenges are in part the result of strengthened patent laws mandated by the 1994 Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) treaty. However, there are underutilized instruments within TRIPS that governments can use to limit the adverse effects of patent protection and thereby ensure a supply of affordable generic drugs to their people. One such instrument is compulsory licensing, which allows generic manufacturers to produce pharmaceutical products that are currently subject to patent protection. Compulsory licensing has been used by a number of countries in the last few years, including the United States, Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, and Thailand, and is particularly significant for countries such as India, where large numbers of people are infected with HIV. This Article explores the feasibility of compulsory licensing as a tool to facilitate access to essential medicines within the current patent regime in India, drawing on the experiences of other countries. PMID:24341078

  20. Yucca Mountain licensing support network archive assistant.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Bauer, Travis L.; Verzi, Stephen J.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Shaneyfelt, Wendy

    2008-03-01

    This report describes the Licensing Support Network (LSN) Assistant--a set of tools for categorizing e-mail messages and documents, and investigating and correcting existing archives of categorized e-mail messages and documents. The two main tools in the LSN Assistant are the LSN Archive Assistant (LSNAA) tool for recategorizing manually labeled e-mail messages and documents and the LSN Realtime Assistant (LSNRA) tool for categorizing new e-mail messages and documents. This report focuses on the LSNAA tool. There are two main components of the LSNAA tool. The first is the Sandia Categorization Framework, which is responsible for providing categorizations for documents in an archive and storing them in an appropriate Categorization Database. The second is the actual user interface, which primarily interacts with the Categorization Database, providing a way for finding and correcting categorizations errors in the database. A procedure for applying the LSNAA tool and an example use case of the LSNAA tool applied to a set of e-mail messages are provided. Performance results of the categorization model designed for this example use case are presented.