WorldWideScience

Sample records for cber licensed products

  1. Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — CBER is the Center within FDA that regulates biological products for human use under applicable federal laws, including the Public Health Service Act and the Federal...

  2. CBERS-02 Application Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Jianning; YU Jin; MIN Xiangjun; LI Xingchao; HOU Minghui

    2004-01-01

    As the successor of CBERS-01, CBERS-02 was launched successfully on 21October 2003 and transmitted its first downlink data the next day. According to the OBT (On Board Test) outline, CRESDA cooperated with CAST and many remote sensing organizations in China in implementing the test of the satellite payloads, ground processing system and data application. In this paper, the test is briefly illustrated in three parts: Ⅰ. Satellite Parameters Test (especially the test for payloads), Ⅱ. Payload Image Quality Assessment, and Ⅲ. Data Application Assessment. The results of the test show that the image quality of CBERS-02 is much improved over CBERS-01 and will continue to play a more important role in the society and economic development of China.

  3. Product Licenses Database Application

    CERN Document Server

    Tonkovikj, Petar

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this project is to organize and centralize the data about software tools available to CERN employees, as well as provide a system that would simplify the license management process by providing information about the available licenses and their expiry dates. The project development process is consisted of two steps: modeling the products (software tools), product licenses, legal agreements and other data related to these entities in a relational database and developing the front-end user interface so that the user can interact with the database. The result is an ASP.NET MVC web application with interactive views for displaying and managing the data in the underlying database.

  4. The Prototype Development for The Second Generation CBERS Initiates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SunQing

    2005-01-01

    It's reported that the concept for the second generation CBERS-CBERS-03 & 04 to be jointly developed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) and INPE went through the assessment by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) at the beginning of the year. It means that the prototype development of CBERS-03 & 04 has been initiated.

  5. CRESDA APPLICATION SYSTEM OF CBERS-1, RESULTS AND TYPICAL EXAMPLES OF APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    CRESDA Application System of CBERS-1 was established in 1999. During the operation of the system for more than two years, about 240 000 scenes of CBERS-1 Level 0 data have been archived and more than 13 000 scenes of Level 2 products have been ordered by end users from different application fields.In this paper, the typical examples of applications in crop yield estimation,calamity alleviation, resources survey and protection, environment monitoring and continuable development, and urban planning are mainly described.

  6. Applications Of CBERS Data In Oceanic Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xiaomin; Zhang Jie; Ma Yi; Song Pingjian

    2009-01-01

    @@ The CBERS series satellite data has been widely used by the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration (SOA) for the studies related to the monitoring of coral islands, land use changes of islands and coastal zone, green tide,implementation of ocean functional zoning, suspended particulate matter,sea ice, rafts cultivation and so on.The data covers the range of islands,coastal zone and inshore sea areas.

  7. The Application Achievements And Perspective Of CBERS Series Satellite Imagery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xingchao; Qi Xueyong; Lu Yilin

    2009-01-01

    @@ Since the first China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS-1),launched in 1999,the CBERS data has been applied in many fields extensively.Remarkable social and economic benefits have been achieved.This article presents the application achievements during the past nine years,and gives a perspective for the future.All these applications demonstrate that the CBERS data has been an important data source for resources investigation and monitoring.

  8. Technology Licensing Strategy for Network Product in a Service Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianpei Hong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Technology licensing has gained significant attention in literature and practice as a rapid and effective way to improve firm’s capability of technology innovation. In this paper, we investigate a duopolistic service provider competition market, where service providers develop and sell a kind of network product. In this setting, we analyze the innovating service provider’s four licensing strategies: no licensing, fixed fee licensing, royalty licensing, and two-part tariff licensing. The literature suggests that when the network products can be completely substituted, two-part tariff licensing is the optimal strategy of the innovating service provider. We find that when the network products cannot be completely substituted, two-part tariff licensing is not always optimal. The degree of the product differentiation, the intensity of the network effects, and the R&D cost of the potential licensee play a key role in determining the innovating service provider’s optimal licensing strategies.

  9. Compulsory licensing, price controls, and access to patented foreign products

    OpenAIRE

    Eric Bond; Kamal Saggi

    2012-01-01

    Motivated by existing multilateral rules regarding intellectual property, we develop a North-South model to highlight the dual roles price controls and compulsory licensing play in determining Southern access to a patented Northern product. The Northern patent-holder chooses whether and how to work its patent in the South (either via entry or voluntarily licensing) while the South determines the price control and whether to issue a compulsory license. The threat of compulsory licensing benefi...

  10. 9 CFR 114.2 - Products not prepared under license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Biological Product License: (i) When a culture of microorganisms, isolated from a herd in a State, is... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Products not prepared under license. 114.2 Section 114.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE,...

  11. Atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images with MODIS data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Junsheng; ZHANG; Bing; CHEN; Zhengchao; SHEN; Qian

    2006-01-01

    China Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS) CCD images have much potential for inland water environmental monitoring. However, their atmospheric accuracy correction can affect their quantitative applications. This paper contains an atmospheric correction algorithm for CBERS CCD images with MODIS data from the same day, the use of which improves the atmospheric correction algorithm of ocean color remote sensing developed by Gordon (1993, 1994) and makes it applicable to inland waters. The improved algorithm retrieves atmospheric parameters from MODIS data and uses them to perform the atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images. Experimental results show that the atmospheric correction algorithm of CBERS CCD images assisted by MODIS data is reliable. Furthermore, MODIS data can be freely obtained on a daily basis, making the algorithm developed in this paper useful for environmental monitoring of inland waters.

  12. 9 CFR 107.2 - Products under State license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Products under State license. 107.2 Section 107.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS EXEMPTIONS FROM...

  13. CBERS-2B Monitored Forest Fires In Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rain.L

    2008-01-01

    @@ Several forest fires hit Yunnan Province,in the southwest of China from April 6 to 9.Two disastrous fires happened near Shangri-La County,Yunnan Province.According to the requirement of the Land and Surveying Department of Yunnan Province,the China Center for Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA) provided satellite monitoring images to detect the events.The processed CBERS-2B images were delivered to the related departments for decision making and disaster relief.

  14. 9 CFR 102.5 - U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Veterinary Biological Product... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.5 U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License. (a) Authorization to produce each biological product shall be specified on a U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License, issued by...

  15. 21 CFR 601.26 - Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... licensed biological products are safe, effective, and not misbranded under prescribed, recommended, or... Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective, and not misbranded... for the reclassification of all biological products that have been classified into Category IIIA....

  16. 76 FR 13973 - United States Warehouse Act; Processed Agricultural Products Licensing Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Farm Service Agency United States Warehouse Act; Processed Agricultural Products Licensing Agreement... warehouse licenses may be issued under the United States Warehouse Act (USWA). Through this notice, FSA is... processed agricultural products that are stored in climate controlled, cooler, and freezer warehouses....

  17. Land use mapping from CBERS-2 images with open source tools by applying different classification algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanhouse-García, Antonio J.; Rangel-Peraza, Jesús Gabriel; Bustos-Terrones, Yaneth; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Mesas-Carrascosa, Francisco J.

    2016-02-01

    Land cover classification is often based on different characteristics between their classes, but with great homogeneity within each one of them. This cover is obtained through field work or by mean of processing satellite images. Field work involves high costs; therefore, digital image processing techniques have become an important alternative to perform this task. However, in some developing countries and particularly in Casacoima municipality in Venezuela, there is a lack of geographic information systems due to the lack of updated information and high costs in software license acquisition. This research proposes a low cost methodology to develop thematic mapping of local land use and types of coverage in areas with scarce resources. Thematic mapping was developed from CBERS-2 images and spatial information available on the network using open source tools. The supervised classification method per pixel and per region was applied using different classification algorithms and comparing them among themselves. Classification method per pixel was based on Maxver algorithms (maximum likelihood) and Euclidean distance (minimum distance), while per region classification was based on the Bhattacharya algorithm. Satisfactory results were obtained from per region classification, where overall reliability of 83.93% and kappa index of 0.81% were observed. Maxver algorithm showed a reliability value of 73.36% and kappa index 0.69%, while Euclidean distance obtained values of 67.17% and 0.61% for reliability and kappa index, respectively. It was demonstrated that the proposed methodology was very useful in cartographic processing and updating, which in turn serve as a support to develop management plans and land management. Hence, open source tools showed to be an economically viable alternative not only for forestry organizations, but for the general public, allowing them to develop projects in economically depressed and/or environmentally threatened areas.

  18. Discriminação de variedades de citros em imagens CCD/CBERS-2 Discrimination of citrus varieties using CCD/CBERS-2 satellite imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ieda Del'Arco Sanches

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar as imagens CCD/CBERS-2 quanto à possibilidade de discriminarem variedades de citros. A área de estudo localiza-se em Itirapina (SP e, para este estudo, foram utilizadas imagens CCD de três datas (30/05/2004, 16/08/2004 e 11/09/2004. Um modelo que integra os elementos componentes da cena citrícola sensoriada é proposto com o objetivo de explicar a variabilidade das respostas das parcelas de citros em imagens orbitais do tipo CCD/CBERS-2. Foram feitas classificações pelos algoritmos Isoseg e Maxver e, de acordo com o índice kappa, concluiu-se que é possível obterem-se exatidões qualificadas como muito boas, sendo que as melhores classificações foram conseguidas com imagens da estação seca.This paper was aimed at evaluating the possibility of discriminating citrus varieties in CCD imageries from CBERS-2 satellite ("China-Brazil Earth Resouces Satellite". The study area is located in Itirapina, São Paulo State. For this study, three CCD images from 2004 were acquired (May 30, August 16, and September 11. In order to acquire a better understanding and for explaining the variability of the spectral behavior of the citrus areas in orbital images (like as the CCD/CBERS-2 images a model that integrates the elements of the citrus scene is proposed and discussed. The images were classified by Isoseg and MaxVer classifiers. According to kappa index, it was possible to obtain classifications qualified as 'very good'. The best results were obtained with the images from the dry season.

  19. 21 CFR 600.14 - Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reporting of biological product deviations by... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS: GENERAL Establishment Standards § 600.14 Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers. (a) Who must report...

  20. 21 CFR 601.25 - Review procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective, and not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... biological products are safe, effective, and not misbranded under prescribed, recommended, or suggested... determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective, and not misbranded under prescribed, recommended, or suggested conditions of use. For purposes of reviewing biological products that have...

  1. Pre-Launch Absolute Calibration of CCD/CBERS-2B Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzoni, Flávio Jorge; Albuquerque, Bráulio Fonseca Carneiro

    2008-01-01

    Pre-launch absolute calibration coefficients for the CCD/CBERS-2B sensor have been calculated from radiometric measurements performed in a satellite integration and test hall in the Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CAST) headquarters, located in Beijing, China. An illuminated integrating sphere was positioned in the test hall facilities to allow the CCD/CBERS-2B imagery of the entire sphere aperture. Calibration images were recorded and a relative calibration procedure adopted exclusively in Brazil was applied to equalize the detectors responses. Averages of digital numbers (DN) from these images were determined and correlated to their respective radiance levels in order to calculate the absolute calibration coefficients. It has been the first time these pre-launch absolute calibration coefficients have been calculated considering the Brazilian image processing criteria. Now it will be possible to compare them to those that will be calculated from vicarious calibration campaigns. This comparison will permit the CCD/CBERS-2B monitoring and the frequently data updating to the user community. PMID:27873886

  2. CBERS-2B Brazilian remote sensing satellite to help to monitor the Bolivia-Brazil gas pipeline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandes, Gilberto Luis Sanches [TBG Transportadora Brasileira Gasoduto Bolivia-Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    This paper presents the results of CBERS-2B' Brazilian Remote Sensing Satellite to help to monitor the Bolivia-Brazil Gas Pipeline. The CBERS-2B is the third satellite launched in 2007 by the CBERS Program (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite) and the innovation was the HRC camera that produces high resolution images. It will be possible to obtain one complete coverage of the country every 130 days. In this study, 2 images from different parts of the Bolivia- Brazil Gas Pipeline were selected. Image processing involved the geometric registration of CBERS-2B satellite images with airborne images, contrast stretch transform and pseudo color. The analysis of satellite and airborne images in a GIS software to detect third party encroachment was effective to detect native vegetation removal, street construction, growth of urban areas, farming and residential/industrial land development. Very young, the CBERS-2B is a good promise to help to inspect the areas along the pipelines. (author)

  3. Features information extraction of the mining area based on CBERS-02B%基于CBERS-02B的矿区地物信息的提取

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞红; 任晓敏

    2013-01-01

    Object-oriented classification method is used to extract information from the Pingshuo surface coal mine in Shanxi Province. China-Brazil Earth Resources Satel ite(CBERS-02B)is used as data sources.The multi-scale segmentation and partitions level are created by object-oriented classification method.Through comparison of different segmentation results,the final segmentation scales are obtained.And spectral and spatial characteristics of the specific surface features are used to classify the image into vegetation, roads,mine construction,coal pile,mining face,waste rock dumps through the fuzzy classification of the membership function classification method.In the end,The classification result is evaluated by the error matrix,the result shows that the overal classification accuracy reaches 88.03%,and Kappa coefficient is 0.88.%应用面向对象分类方法,对山西省平朔露天煤矿进行信息提取。以中巴资源卫星CBERS-02B卫星遥感影像为数据源,利用面向对象分类方法进行多尺度分割并建立分割等级,通过对不同分割尺度的分割结果进行比较,获得最终分割尺度,并结合具体地物的光谱、空间等特征,采用模糊分类中的隶属度函数分类方法,最终将地物分为植被、道路、矿区建筑、煤堆、开采面、废石堆六类。最后使用误差矩阵对分类结果进行精度评价,其总体分类精度达到了88.63%,Kappa系数为0.89。

  4. Assessing the Relative Ecological Importance and Deforestation Risks of Unprotected Areas in Western Brazil Using Landsat, CBERS and Quantum GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, A.; Sevilla, C.; Lanclos, A.; Carson, C.; Larson, J.; Sankaran, M.; Saad, M.

    2012-12-01

    In addition to understanding Brazilian policies and currently utilized methodologies, the measurement of the impacts of deforestation is essential for enhancing techniques to reduce deforestation in the future. Adverse impacts of deforestation include biodiversity loss, increased carbon dioxide emissions, and a reduced rate of evapotranspiration, all of which contribute directly or indirectly to global warming. With the continual growth in population in developing countries such as Brazil, increased demands are placed on infrastructural development and food production. As a result, forested areas are cleared for agricultural production. Recently, exploration for hydrocarbons in Western Brazil has also intensified as a means to stimulate the economy, as abundant oil and gas is believed to be found in these regions. Unfortunately, hydrocarbon-rich regions of Western Brazil are also home to thousands of species. Many of these regions are as of yet untapped but are at risk of ecological disruption as a result of impending human activity. This project utilized Landsat 5 TM to monitor deforestation in a subsection of the Brazilian states of Rondônia and Amazonas. A risk map identifying areas susceptible to future deforestation, based on factors such as proximity to roads, bodies of water, cities, and proposed hydrocarbon activities such as pipeline construction, was created. Areas at higher risk of clearance were recommended to be a target for enhanced monitoring and law enforcement. In addition, an importance map was created based on biodiversity and location of endangered species. This map was used to identify potential areas for future protection. A Chinese-Brazilian satellite, CBERS 2B CCD was also utilized for comparison. The NDVI model was additionally replicated in Quantum GIS, an open source software, so that local communities and policymakers could benefit without having to pay for expensive ArcGIS software. The capabilities of VIIRS were also investigated to

  5. Classification of CBERS-2 Imagery with Fuzzy ARTMAP Classifier%用模糊ARTMAP算法对中巴卫星02数据进行分类

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆成凤; 刘正军; 燕琴

    2007-01-01

    A fuzzy ARTMAP classifier is adopted for a classification experiment of CBERS-2 imagery. The fundamental theory and processing about the algorithm are first introduced, followed with a land-use classification experiment in Shihezi County on CBERS-2 high resolution imagery. Three classifiers are compared: maximum likelihood classifier (MLC), error back propagation (BP) classifier, and fuzzy ARTMAP classifier. The comparison shows comparably better results for the fuzzy ARTMAP classifier, with overall classification accuracy of 9.9% and 4.6% higher than that of MLC and BP. The results also prove that the fuzzy ARTMAP classifier has better discernment in identifying bare soil on CBERS-2 imagery.

  6. Local TNFR1 Signaling Licenses Murine Neutrophils for Increased TLR-Dependent Cytokine and Eicosanoid Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguine, Jacques; Wei, Jessica; Barbalat, Roman; Gronert, Karsten; Barton, Gregory M

    2017-02-20

    Neutrophils are generally the first immune cells recruited during the development of sterile or microbial inflammation. As these cells express many innate immune receptors with the potential to directly recognize microbial or endogenous signals, we set out to assess whether their functions are locally influenced by the signals present at the onset of inflammation. Using a mouse model of peritonitis, we demonstrate that neutrophils elicited in the presence of C-type lectin receptor ligands have an increased ability to produce cytokines, chemokines, and lipid mediators in response to subsequent TLR stimulation. Importantly, we found that licensing of cytokine production was mediated by paracrine TNF-α-TNFR1 signaling rather than direct ligand sensing, suggesting a form of quorum sensing among neutrophils. Mechanistically, licensing was largely imparted by changes in the posttranscriptional regulation of inflammatory cytokines, whereas production of IL-10 was regulated at the transcriptional level. Altogether, our data suggest that neutrophils rapidly adapt their functions to the local inflammatory milieu. These phenotypic changes may promote rapid neutrophil recruitment in the presence of pathogens but limit inflammation in their absence.

  7. 78 FR 75336 - Notice of Intent To Grant an Exclusive License; STIC-ADHESIVE Products Co., Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of Navy Notice of Intent To Grant an Exclusive License; STIC-ADHESIVE Products Co., Inc. AGENCY... intent to grant to STIC-ADHESIVE Products Co., Inc. located at 3950 Medford Street, Los Angeles, CA...

  8. Freely Licensed and Open Source Pipelines for Art Based Film and Media Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Whitehead

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Given the number of free/libre and open source licensed tools, and the number of "no cost" applications at the fingertips of the artist/animator/film developer today, the ability to "create what you will" is now an option for everyone. The advent of affordable media development tools has opened up the world of media production to those who were previously locked out of the Hollywood studio system. Proprietary software including Adobe Creative Suite, Autodesk?s Maya, Nuke, After Effects, Final Draft, and a litany of other necessary tools creates a financial wall so high that ?will? cannot overcome it alone. In this article, we examine a standard pipeline from a birds-eye-view for anyone with a will to create an Indie film. Without breaking the bank, the entire pipeline is achievable using F/LOSS tools and content that is available under a creative commons license. This allows high quality media development for all. In many cases, these same tools are being used by the Hollywood elite.

  9. The investigation of special information distilling method of land use in karst area based on CBERS-02B and analysis on application: a case study of Duyun, Guizhou

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Juan; Luo, Miao; An, Yulun

    2010-09-01

    This paper explores the optimal methods for processing CBERS-02B images and using them to classify the land uses of karst mountain areas with 3S technologies, especially the RS digital image processing technology. Through multiple experiments and analysis, the difficulty of CBERS-02B images in distinguishing water from mountain shades, construction land from dry land and paddy field are satisfactorily removed. And the combination of band 421, based on OIF method, is proved optimal for classifying the land uses of karst areas. After comparing and evaluating the effect of HIS, PCA and HPC based image fusion methods, the HIS transformation based image fusion method is found best for CBERS-02B HR and CCD data fusion in the case of karst highland mountains. Based on the experiments, this paper proves that CBERS images are capable of large scale land use classification for karst areas, a competent substitute of TM images for karst mountain area land use survey.

  10. STRIPING NOISE REMOVAL OF IMAGES ACQUIRED BY CBERS 2 CCD CAMERA SENSOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Amraei

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available CCD Camera is a multi-spectral sensor that is carried by CBERS 2 satellite. Imaging technique in this sensor is push broom. In images acquired by the CCD Camera, some vertical striping noise can be seen. This is due to the detectors mismatch, inter detector variability, improper calibration of detectors and low signal-to-noise ratio. These noises are more profound in images acquired from the homogeneous surfaces, which are processed at level 2. However, the existence of these noises render the interpretation of the data and extracting information from these images difficult. In this work, spatial moment matching method is proposed to modify these images. In this method, the statistical moments such as mean and standard deviation of columns in each band are used to balance the statistical specifications of the detector array to those of reference values. After the removal of the noise, some periodic diagonal stripes remain in the image where their removal by using the aforementioned method seems impossible. Therefore, to omit them, frequency domain Butterworth notch filter was applied. Finally to evaluate the results, the image statistical moments such as the mean and standard deviation were deployed. The study proves the effectiveness of the method in noise removal.

  11. Energetic particle radiations measured by particle detector on board CBERS-1 satellite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO YongQiang; XIAO Zuo; ZOU Hong; ZHANG DongHe

    2007-01-01

    Using the data measured by energetic particle detector on board CBERS-01 and -02 for the past five years, statistics was made to show the general features of MeV electrons and protons along a solar synchronous orbit at an altitude of 780 km. This height is in the bottom region of the Earth's radiation belts. Detectors are inside the satellite cabinet and such continuous monitoring of particle radiation environment inside a satellite has seldom conducted so far. After a proper and careful treatment, it is indicated that the data inside satellite are well correlated with the radiation environment outside. Besides the agreement of the general distribution characteristics of energetic electrons and protons with similar observations from other satellites, attention is particularly paid to the disturbed conditions. Variations of particle fluxes are closely related with solar proton events, in general, electron fluxes of outer belt are well correlated with Dst index after three days' delay while the electron injection occurred almost at the same day during great magnetic storms. It is confirmed that both energetic electrons and protons appear in the Polar Cap region only after the solar proton events.

  12. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Fosfuri, Andrea; Rønde, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    the technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend on product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes valuable...... licensing opportunities because the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives, especially private benefits, of business unit managers are more powerful, making centralization more attractive. Surprisingly...

  13. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Rønde, Thomas; Fosfuri, Andrea

    the technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend upon product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes valuable...... licensing opportunities since the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives are more powerful, making centralization more attractive. Growth of technology markets favors centralization and drives higher...

  14. Boosting your product pipeline through innovative licensing. Pinpointing and managing successful alliances to remain competitive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, L

    2001-09-01

    With the recent outbreak of large mergers and acquisitions and the looming pipeline crisis among large pharmaceutical companies, this meeting aimed to bring together senior officers from the business development and licensing sectors of top biotech and pharma companies, to discuss all aspects of licensing with a focus on remaining competitive. Along with in-depth analyses and theories delivered by representatives from investment banks, consultancy firms and academia, the conference presented delegates with interesting viewpoints and practical advice on partnering strategies, and issues surrounding licensing.

  15. 9 CFR 102.3 - License applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License applications. 102.3 Section... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.3 License applications. (a) U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License. (1)...

  16. INVESTIGATION OF PURCHASING ATTITUDES OF FANS RELATING TO THE LICENSED PRODUCT MARKETING ACTIVITIES AT THE SPORTS CLUBS ACCORDING TO THE TEAM HELD VARIABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kürşat Yusuf AYTAÇ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to investigate their attitudes to purchase licensed products according to their held team variability of the Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray and Trabzonspor fans. The study was conducted on the 2100 fans.In the study a questionnaire prepared by researcher was applied which has areliability co-efficient of Cranbach Alpha 783 and which is formed of 33 items and 5 sub-dimensions. In accordance with the data obtained, it has been identified that Fenerbahce fans have purchased for children in specially produced licensed products, Besiktas fans have purchased their team’s licensed products from the big stores which have easy Access Galatasaray fans have purchased the licensed products as they are satisfied with the attitude maintined by the store staff and Trabzonspor fans have purchased their own team's licensed products when their children grow up not to be another team supporter, obtained in accordance with the data to prevent their children to be other teams supporters when they grow up.

  17. CCD CBERS and ASTER data in dasometric characterization of Pinus radiata D. Don (north-western Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Sevillano-Marco

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A Chinese-Brazilian Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS and an Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER scenes coupled with ancillary georeferenced data and field survey were employed to examine the potential of the remote sensing data in stand basal area, volume and aboveground biomass assessment over large areas of Pinus radiata D. Don plantations in Northwestern Spain. Statistical analysis proved that the near infrared band and the shade fraction image showed significant correlation coefficients with all stand variables considered. Predictive models were accordingly selected and utilized to undertake the spatial distribution of stand variables in radiata stands delimited by the National Forestry Map. The study reinforces the potentiality of remote sensing techniques in a cost-effective assessment of forest systems.

  18. 27 CFR 555.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 555.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Licenses and Permits § 555.42 License fees. (a) Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a three year license, a separate fee...

  19. 27 CFR 478.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 478.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Licenses § 478.42 License fees. Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a firearms license or...

  20. Identifying Spatial Units of Human Occupation in the Brazilian Amazon Using Landsat and CBERS Multi-Resolution Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Sobral Escada

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Every spatial unit of human occupation is part of a network structuring an extensive process of urbanization in the Amazon territory. Multi-resolution remote sensing data were used to identify and map human presence and activities in the Sustainable Forest District of Cuiabá-Santarém highway (BR-163, west of Pará, Brazil. The limits of spatial units of human occupation were mapped based on digital classification of Landsat-TM5 (Thematic Mapper 5 image (30m spatial resolution. High-spatial-resolution CBERS-HRC (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite-High-Resolution Camera images (5 m merged with CBERS-CCD (Charge Coupled Device images (20 m were used to map spatial arrangements inside each populated unit, describing intra-urban characteristics. Fieldwork data validated and refined the classification maps that supported the categorization of the units. A total of 133 spatial units were individualized, comprising population centers as municipal seats, villages and communities, and units of human activities, such as sawmills, farmhouses, landing strips, etc. From the high-resolution analysis, 32 population centers were grouped in four categories, described according to their level of urbanization and spatial organization as: structured, recent, established and dependent on connectivity. This multi-resolution approach provided spatial information about the urbanization process and organization of the territory. It may be extended into other areas or be further used to devise a monitoring system, contributing to the discussion of public policy priorities for sustainable development in the Amazon.

  1. Identificação de fragmentos de floresta nativa, por diferentes intérpretes, com a utilização de imagens landsat e cbers em lavras, MG Identification of small areas of semideciduous forest, by different analysts, in Lavras region, MG, using Landsat and Cbers sattelites images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Ferreira

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, as imagens dos satélites Landsat 7 e Cbers 2 foram analisadas com o objetivo de identificar áreas com fragmentos de floresta semidecídua e de avaliar a exatidão da classificação feita por diferentes intérpretes e técnicas de interpretação. O estudo foi realizado em Lavras, MG, utilizando o SIG-SPRING, que possui recursos para realização da classificação digital e visual. Na comparação das diferentes classificações e avaliação da exatidão, foram empregadas as exatidões global, do consumidor, do produtor e o coeficiente Kappa. Pelos resultados, verificou-se que a exatidão global foi maior que 90% e o coeficiente Kappa variou de 50% a 77% nas comparações feitas por diferentes intérpretes, em imagens Landsat e Cbers. Os mapas de fragmentos de vegetação produzidos com base na classificação digital das imagens Cbers e Landsat apresentaram alta porcentagem de áreas comuns e os intérpretes produziram diferentes mapas, porém, aqueles gerados pela imagem Cbers apresentaram a melhor concordância entre as classificações.In this work two images from Landsat 7 and Cbers 2 were analyzed in order to identify small areas of semideciduous forest and to evaluate the classification accuracy made by three different analysts. The study was carried out in Lavras region, MG, using the SPRING GIS with the appropriate functions to jufil the digital classification and visual inspection. The comparisons between the classifications and accuracy assessment procedures employed the overall accuracy, the user's accuracy, the producer's accuracy and the Kappa coefficient. The results showed that the overall accuracy were higher than 90% and the Kappa coefficient ranged from 50% to 77% when the Landsat and Cbers images were compared by different analysts. The fragments vegetation maps made from digital classification of Cbers and Landsat satellites images presented high percentage of common areas and analysts made different maps

  2. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL...) of this part, issue a conditional U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License to an establishment... available, the Administrator shall either reissue the U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License or allow...

  3. Environmental sensitive and licensing of productive oil fields during the period 2008-2017; Sensibilidade ambiental e licenciamento dos campos petroliferos produtivos no decenio 2008-2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, Veronica S.M.; Silva, Cesar M.B.; Coelho, Cristiane M.; Serran, Flavia Pompeu; Vieira, Hermani de Moraes; Conde, Marcos R.; Santos, Gustavo R. dos; Miceli, Giam C.C.; Nuti, Mirian Regini; Furtado, Ricardo C. [Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Superintendencia de Meio Ambiente], e-mail: veronica.gomes@epe.gov.br

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents an socio environmental analysis of the expected production of the oil fields for the next ten years. First, it has has been studied the environmental sensitivity of the region in which are inserted the fields. From that base on and other information, it have been estimated the time for the environmental licensing, and the possible delays compared with the initial estimation. Nevertheless the existing limitations related to the licensing information, this study allowed the identification of aspects relevant to the petroleum and natural gas offer expansion in the country.

  4. 77 FR 21592 - Guidelines for Preparing and Reviewing Licensing Applications for the Production of Radioisotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... Chapters 7-18 of Draft Interim Staff Guidance (ISG) NPR-ISG-2011-002, augmenting NUREG-1537, Part 1... Content,'' for the production of radioisotopes and NUREG-1537, Part 2, ``Guidelines for Preparing and...,'' for the production of radioisotopes. The ISG augmenting NUREG-1537, Parts 1 & 2, Chapters 1-6...

  5. Occupational Licensing

    OpenAIRE

    Morris M. Kleiner

    2000-01-01

    The study of the regulation of occupations has a long and distinguished tradition in economics. In this paper, I present the central arguments and unresolved issues involving the costs and benefits of occupational licensing. The main benefits that are suggested for occupational licensing involve improving quality for those persons receiving the service. In contrast, the costs attributed to this labor market institution are that it restricts the supply of labor to the occupation and thereby dr...

  6. A strategy for regulatory action when new adverse effects of a licensed product emerge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronson, Jeffrey K; Price, Deirdre; Ferner, Robin E

    2009-01-01

    Regulatory agencies grant product licences (marketing authorizations) for medicinal products in the light of evidence that the balance between benefit and harm in the population is favourable. Here we consider a framework for allowing regulatory agencies to make rational decisions when reviewing product licences in the light of new information about harms that change that balance. The regulator can revoke the product licence, restrict the product's availability or change the 'label' in different ways. We examine the features of the adverse effect that may be relevant in making the decision: namely, individual differences in susceptibility; the possibility of monitoring; and the availability of protective strategies. The balance of benefit and harm, and the time-course and dose relation of the adverse effect play important roles in the decision-making process. We set out how these factors can help determine the logical response to new information on the balance between benefit and harm, and provide a series of relevant examples. We believe that when regulatory agencies have to decide how to amend the product licence of a drug when new serious adverse effects cause concern, they would find it useful to adopt a framework of this kind, using different strategies for different cases. Our proposed framework could also be useful in risk management planning during drug development.

  7. 75 FR 33312 - Indexing Structured Product Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products; Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Indexing Structured Product Labeling for Human Prescription... Evaluation and Research (CDER) and Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) are indexing certain... class as a top priority for indexing of product labeling information. FDA is now announcing that...

  8. 76 FR 79203 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Veterinary Biological Products for Swine Influenza Vaccines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... Biological Products for Swine Influenza Vaccines AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service... methods of use as Veterinary Influenza Vaccines. Sustained outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza in animals increase the risk of reassortment and adaption to humans. This technology describes DNA...

  9. 7 CFR 1530.103 - License eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license held by an affiliated person. (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b) of this section, a person who owns one or more wholly-owned subsidiary corporations manufacturing sugar containing products or producing... license. The sum total of license limits for the parent corporation and its wholly-owned...

  10. 27 CFR 478.44 - Original license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Original license. 478.44... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Licenses § 478.44 Original license. (a)(1) Any person who intends to engage in business as a firearms or...

  11. Análise de mapas de represas publicados na web usando imagens orbitais CCD/CBERS no estado de Minas Gerais Analysis of dams maps published on the web by using orbital CCD/CBERS images in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Ferreira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, bancos de dados públicos e gratuitos disponíveis na World Wide Web (WEB foram utilizados para avaliar as áreas das superfícies dos espelhos d'água das represas de Furnas e do Funil, no Estado de Minas Gerais. O objetivo foi comparar as informações obtidas nos bancos da WEB com os valores das áreas calculadas a partir de imagens do sensor CCD a bordo dos satélites CBERS2 e CBERS2B. A área da represa de Furnas obtida a partir das imagens CCD/CBERS2B, ano 2008, foi de 1.138 km², mas nos bancos de dados consultados esta área estava entre 1.182 e 1.503 km². A represa do Funil, construída em 2003, com superfície de espelho d'água de 29,37 km² e uma ilha com área de 1,93 km² não aparecem nos bancos Atlas, Geominas, IGAM e IBGE. Os resultados mostraram algumas discrepâncias nos bancos de dados publicados na WEB, tais como diferenças em áreas e supressão ou extrapolação de limites do espelho d'água. Concluiu-se que, até o momento, os responsáveis por algumas publicações de bancos de dados no Estado de Minas Gerais não tiveram rigor suficiente com as atualizações. As imagens CCD/CBERS, que também são dados públicos disponíveis na WEB, mostraram ser produtos adequados para verificar, atualizar e melhorar as informações publicadas.In this work some public databases from the World Wide Web (WEB were used to find the area of the Furnas and Funil Dams in Minas Gerais State. The purpose of this work was to compare the WEB public databases values and the real values obtained from the CCD camera images on board CBERS2 and CBERS2B satellites. The Furnas Dam area obtained from CCD/ CBERS2B images, in 2008, was 1.138 km², but in the consulted databases this area ranged from 1.182 to 1.503 km². The dam of the Funil, built in 2003, with a water surface of 29.37 km² and an island with 1.93 km² area, did not appear in Atlas, Geominas, IGAM and IBGE databases. The results revealed some problems in the WEB public

  12. Remote Sensing of the EnviSat and Cbers-2B satellites rotation around the centre of mass by photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshkin, N.; Korobeynikova, E.; Shakun, L.; Strakhova, S.; Tang, Z. H.

    2016-08-01

    During 2013-2015 the photometric observations of the EnviSat satellite, which became space debris after the failure in April 2012 in low Earth orbit, were performed. The rotation pole position and slow change in sidereal rotation period were updated on the basis of analysis of specular glints observed in 222 light curves using reduction of synodic periods. Apparently, there are minor oscillations of the rotation pole near the normal to the orbital plane. The sense of the EnviSat's spinning is opposite to the sense of its orbital rotation. The sidereal period is best approximated by the second-order polynomial: Psid (sec) = 0.000021534 ·T2 + 0.04936003 · T + 121.18195 where T is measured in days from the beginning of 2013. This method being applied to another representative of space debris, namely the Cbers-2B satellite, has shown a similar result: there is not precise solution for the rotation pole either as it undergoes oscillations with various time scale from several hours to several months. In 2014, the spin axis made the 10 ° angle with the normal to the orbital plane while the sense of spinning is direct in this case, i.e. coincides with the sense of orbital rotation. The sidereal period is best approximated by the following expression: Psid (sec) = 0.000029543 ·T2 + 0.08094931 · T + 81.31775 where T is measured in days starting from March 10, 2014. This method allows of controlling slow changes in the spatial orientation of the rotation axis of the satellites in which specular reflection of light from flat faces of the surface is inherent.

  13. Performance evaluation of different classifiers (Isoseg, Bhattacharyya, Maxver e Maxver-ICM, using CCD/CBERS-1 and ETM+/Landsat-7 fused images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Lins de Mello Filho

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the performance of image classifiers (Isoseg, Bhattacharyya, Maxver and Maxver-ICM based on an accuracy analysis (set percentage, area determination and Kappa coefficient, using as ground truth an edited thematic map. For this, pre-processing techniques (atmospheric, geometric and radiometric corrections, contrast enhancement (IHS data fusion and principal component analysis and classification of CCD/CBERS-1 and ETM+/Landsat-7 images were done. Amongst all classifiers tested, Isoseg and Bhattacharyya presented best performance for the studied classes and the study area. It is anticipated that these results are relevant to environmental analyses based on orbital satellite data.

  14. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  15. 9 CFR 102.2 - Licenses required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.2 Licenses required. (a) Every person who prepares biological products subject to the Virus-Serum-Toxin...

  16. 2015 Business Licenses

    Data.gov (United States)

    City of Jackson, Mississippi — This data displays all business license information for the year of 2015. This information details license classifications and status. This information will updated...

  17. Licensed Healthcare Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Licensed Healthcare Facilities point layer represents the locations of all healthcare facilities licensed by the State of California, Department of Health...

  18. Licensing to Market with Logit Demand Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Qing-you; ZHU Li-li

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the licensing of a brand innovation to a monopoly in an uncovered market characterized by a logit demand framework. The innovator is an outsider to the market and sells the license via fixed-fee, royalty or their combinations. It is shown that the license occurs irrespective of whether the utility of the new brand is improved or not, and that the optimal licensing policy for the innovator is fixed-fee only. Ultimately, the monopoly produces both the old and the new brand products, even in the case of utility-improving brand innovation. In addition, the incentive for the innovator was examined.

  19. 10 CFR 72.6 - License required; types of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required; types of licenses. 72.6 Section 72.6... Provisions § 72.6 License required; types of licenses. (a) Licenses for the receipt, handling, storage, and transfer of spent fuel or high-level radioactive waste are of two types: general and specific. Licenses...

  20. State Licenses & Permits

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Starting a business? Confused about whether you need a business license or permit? Virtually every business needs some form of license or permit to operate legally....

  1. Technology licensing in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason; Chen, Jin

    2015-01-01

    We explore the landscape of technology licensing among Chinese entities in the period 2000–12, using a unique database on technological licensing from the State Intellectual Property Office of China. We find that: first, among Chinese licensee organizations, firms have dominated in terms...... of the number of licensed technologies; second, the geographical distribution of licensed technologies among the provinces has gradually reached a new quantitative balance; third, utility models are the most popular technologies to be licensed and the majority of technology licensing in China has been between...... Chinese entities, and most transactions have been local within provinces; and finally, Chinese firms have gradually in-licensed newer and newer technologies, but the technologies in-licensed from foreign sources are by no means state-of-the-art. We make several suggestions for innovation policy...

  2. 21 CFR 515.25 - Revocation of order refusing to approve a medicated feed mill license application or suspending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... medicated feed mill license application or suspending or revoking a license. 515.25 Section 515.25 Food and..., FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.25 Revocation of order refusing to approve a medicated feed mill license application or suspending or revoking...

  3. Licensing of Practices

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    All practices are licensed by Radiation Protection Centre (RPC). RPC verifies if license seeker is prepares to work with sources in an adequate and safe manner. Types of licences defined in the Republic of Lithuania are listed. Data on the number of licensees and of licenses issued in 1999-2001 is presented.

  4. 21 CFR 515.20 - Approval of medicated feed mill license applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Approval of medicated feed mill license... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.20 Approval of medicated feed mill license applications. Within 90 days after...

  5. 21 CFR 515.21 - Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.21 Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application. (a)...

  6. 21 CFR 515.23 - Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.23 Voluntary revocation of medicated feed mill license. A license issued...

  7. Whom to Choose as License Partner?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Reichstein, Toke; Trombini, Giulia

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the matching of firms on the market for technology. The paper forwards two dimensions along which license formation occurs: technology and product-market. Both sides of the market search for a partner representing potential for high technology synergies to maximize licensing...... benefits and obviate issues related to technology transfer and knowledge recombination. At the same time, firms wish to select a partner operating in a different product market to minimize competitive downside issues and to access other product markets, skills and resources. We contend interdependence...... between technology and market forces: if partners are market distant, the likelihood of technology license contractual partnership decreases with partners’ technological distance. Using data on the formation of license partnerships in the global biopharmaceutical industry over the period 1994...

  8. Study on Licensing Strategies of New Product Innovation in a Differentiated Stackelberg Duopoly%异质 Stackelberg 寡头竞争下创新产品技术许可策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 包振华

    2015-01-01

    Based on a differentiated Stackelberg duopoly,this paper established a licensing game model in which an in-cumbent innovator competing with a potential rival can develop the technology for the new product,or accept the licensing to enter the market.Depending on the two scenarios for the development cost,the optimal two-part tariff licensing strategies for the innovator were investigated.It concludes that the technology is always licensed and the optimal licensing contract depends on the development cost incurred by the rival,the market parameter and the substitution coefficient.%基于异质产品 Stackelberg 寡头竞争模型,建立了拥有新产品创新技术在位厂商与潜在竞争对手间的技术许可博弈模型。模型中假设潜在竞争对手可以接受许可,也可通过自我研发创新技术进入市场参与竞争。根据潜在竞争对手研发成本的高低,研究了创新厂商的最优两部制收费策略。研究结果表明:潜在竞争者总会接受创新技术许可,最优许可策略依赖于研发成本、市场参数以及产品的替代系数。

  9. Licensing Strategies of the Enterprising - but Vulnerable - "Intellectual Property" Vendors

    OpenAIRE

    Lee Davis

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates in an exploratory manner the licensing strategies pursued by firms whose business model is based on developing and licensing out their intellectual property rights (IPRs). These are not traditional suppliers, since they do not engage in production or commercialization, but focus solely on invention. While considerable anecdotal evidence exists about these IP vendors, there has been no systematic investigation of how they use licensing to appropriate value from their in...

  10. 9 CFR 102.4 - U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Veterinary Biologics... LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.4 U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License. (a) Before a U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License will be issued by the Administrator for any establishment,...

  11. 9 CFR 102.1 - Licenses issued by the Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR... biological products under the Virus-Serum-Toxin Act shall hold an unexpired and unrevoked U.S. Veterinary... CFR parts 103 or 106 of this subchapter....

  12. Allegheny County Dog Licenses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — A list of dog license dates, dog breeds, and dog name by zip code. Currently this dataset does not include City of Pittsburgh dogs.

  13. 10 CFR 50.51 - Continuation of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commission upon the expiration of the period. Renewal of operating licenses for nuclear power plants is... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Issuance... continue to maintain the facility, including, where applicable, the storage, control and maintenance of...

  14. 27 CFR 478.112 - Importation by a licensed importer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... importer. 478.112 Section 478.112 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Importation § 478.112 Importation by a licensed importer. (a) No firearm, firearm barrel, or ammunition shall be imported or brought into the United States by a licensed importer (as defined in § 478.11)...

  15. 76 FR 13972 - United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Farm Service Agency United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement AGENCY... warehouse licenses may be issued under the United States ] Warehouse Act (USWA). Through this notice, FSA is... licenses for agricultural products include grain, cotton, nuts, cottonseed, and dry beans....

  16. 21 CFR 515.11 - Supplemental medicated feed mill license applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Supplemental medicated feed mill license... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Applications § 515.11 Supplemental medicated feed mill license applications. (a) After approval of a medicated...

  17. 21 CFR 515.24 - Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill... SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on Licenses § 515.24 Notice of revocation of a medicated feed mill license. When a...

  18. Software licenses: Stay honest!

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Do you recall our article about copyright violation in the last issue of the CERN Bulletin, “Music, videos and the risk for CERN”? Now let’s be more precise. “Violating copyright” not only means the illegal download of music and videos, it also applies to software packages and applications.   Users must respect proprietary rights in compliance with the CERN Computing Rules (OC5). Not having legitimately obtained a program or the required licenses to run that software is not a minor offense. It violates CERN rules and puts the Organization at risk! Vendors deserve credit and compensation. Therefore, make sure that you have the right to use their software. In other words, you have bought the software via legitimate channels and use a valid and honestly obtained license. This also applies to “Shareware” and software under open licenses, which might also come with a cost. Usually, only “Freeware” is complete...

  19. 47 CFR 13.17 - Replacement license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS General § 13.17 Replacement... Operator License, Marine Radio Operator Permit, First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate, Second... Radio Operator's License, Restricted GMDSS Radio Operator License, GMDSS Radio Maintainer's License,...

  20. 42 CFR 431.703 - Licensing requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.703 Licensing requirement. The State licensing program must provide that only nursing homes supervised by an administrator licensed in accordance with...

  1. License plate detection algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broitman, Michael; Klopovsky, Yuri; Silinskis, Normunds

    2013-12-01

    A novel algorithm for vehicle license plates localization is proposed. The algorithm is based on pixel intensity transition gradient analysis. Near to 2500 natural-scene gray-level vehicle images of different backgrounds and ambient illumination was tested. The best set of algorithm's parameters produces detection rate up to 0.94. Taking into account abnormal camera location during our tests and therefore geometrical distortion and troubles from trees this result could be considered as passable. Correlation between source data, such as license Plate dimensions and texture, cameras location and others, and parameters of algorithm were also defined.

  2. Digital Content Licensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwemer, Sebastian Felix

    -legislative) initiatives, which support the facilitation of multi-territorial licensing and cross-border access to content. It investigates the regulation of two online markets, which have recently been subject to scrutiny by the EU institutions: the audiovisual and the music sector, both addressed by ex ante sector...... and to enable cross-border access, and furthermore that the regulatory interventions to date may have been more driven by a competition and subsidiary a harmonisation agenda than a focus on the consumers and innovative service providers. Keywords: copyright licensing, cross-border access, sector...

  3. Partner Selection in Technological Licensing Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Trombini, Giulia

    as attractors, and market competition and potential involuntary spillovers act as repellants. Firms seek potential licensing partners by trying to maximize technological synergies while attempting to minimize the competitive downsides. We hypothesize that when licensees engage in matches involving a partner...... that is technologically unrelated, ex ante familiarity with the licensors’ technology is required. We contend also that there is interdependence between technological learning and market competition: if partners are in the same product markets, the likelihood of technology license contractual partnerships decreases...... with partners’ technological relatedness. We use data on the formation of license partnerships in the global biopharmaceutical industry over the period 1994-2004 and find that, on the whole, there is empirical support for our theoretical predictions....

  4. Understanding Licensing Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cabaleiro, Goretti; Moreira, Solon; Reichstein, Toke

    The potential for rent dissipation has been argued to be the main cause of firms? licensing out behavior being stifled.However, this aspect has been scarcely studied empirically. We draw on rent dissipation arguments, and hypothesize that firms suffering from the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome...

  5. A License To Deal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanville, Tom

    1999-01-01

    Discusses consortium-based licensing as a means of meeting libraries' information resources needs. Topics include information needs, the need for more affordable information, requirements for libraries and for vendors, competition across disciplines, saving money, pricing and market practices, experiences at OhioLINK, and future possibilities.…

  6. Analysis on tea products process license in Fujian province in 2013%2013年福建省茶类食品加工许可证现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖凌凌; 郭雅玲; 魏日凤; 陈昌盛

    2014-01-01

    It has been nearly 12 years since the tea products process license system was carried out, of which the data could indicate the general tea production situation. Using the numbers of companies qualified to process tea products by license in Fujian province in 2013, this paper analyzed the data based on product categories and production areas. The results showed that the categories of tea products in Fujian were rich and complete, and the total number of companies in 2013 increased about 60.73% compared to that in 2012. In the aspect of product categories, oolong tea, black tea and green tea dominated the processed tea leaves, while instant tea, flavored tea and substitute tea were rapidly developed. In the aspect of production areas, Anxi county and Wuyishan city mainly processed oolong tea and black tea, while Ningde city had outstanding performance in developing green tea, black tea, white tea and scented tea. This paper also summarized that tea industry in Fujian province was characterized by rich tea categories, prominent advantages of traditional tea production areas and rapid development of further processed tea products and tea substitute products. Also, positive effects of the process license system on the development of tea products in Fujian were proposed, which were the protection of geographical indication brands, execution of standardized production and strict controls of quality safety. Finally, the defects and its countermeasures of the system were pointed out.%茶叶及其相关制品被实施生产许可证制度已近12年,对生产许可证数据的统计基本上可以反映食品的生产加工情况。本文对2013年福建省获证的茶叶及其相关制品的生产企业数量按茶类和地区(市)进行分析,结果发现全省各类茶产品丰富且齐全,企业总数比2012年增加60.73%左右,以生产乌龙茶、红茶、绿茶为主;含茶制品、代用茶则呈迅速发展的趋势。安溪县和武

  7. License to Learn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Boccardelli, Paolo; Reichstein, Toke;

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the distinction between thin and thick contracts to the investigation of licensing-in as a mechanism for technological learning. Thick contracts include a clause specifying that the licensors are obligated to assist the licensees in assimilating and integrating....... Licensees that are more familiar with the licensed technology are in less need of assistance from the licensors to assimilate and integrate the knowledge. However, this substitution effect is neutralized once the hurdle of invention has been overcome, meaning that the licensees have succeeded to ignite...... the technology. Drawing on a sample of 133 licensees and an equal number of matched nonlicensees, we present empirical evidence that thick contracts propel the licensees' likelihood of introducing new inventions. It is also found that thick contracts act as a substitute for licensees' absorptive capacity...

  8. Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon

    that facilitate or constrain firms' ability to deal with licensed-in technologies have received little attention. This paper starts investigating in a longitudinal setting the effect of technology licensing on the number of patents produced by the licensee within the three years subsequent to the technology...... acquisition. The findings indicate that technology licensing is positively related to the number of inventions produced by the licensee in the years subsequent to the licensing deal. Subsequently, I investigate the moderating effect that organizational slack and myopia have on this main relationship....... The findings also suggest that high levels of Organizational Slack (available financial resources) strengthen the positive effect of licensing on innovation. However, higher levels of Organizational Myopia (the extent to which a firm draws on its own knowledge) can decrease the main effect of licensing....

  9. 47 CFR 78.29 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 78.29 Section 78.29... SERVICE Applications and Licenses § 78.29 License period. Licenses for CARS stations will be issued for a period not to exceed five (5) years. On and after February 1, 1966, licenses for CARS stations...

  10. 7 CFR 6.33 - License fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License fee. 6.33 Section 6.33 Agriculture Office of... License fee. (a) A fee will be assessed each quota year for each license to defray the Department's costs... preceding the quota year for which the fee is assessed. (b) The license fee for each license issued is...

  11. 47 CFR 5.71 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 5.71 Section 5.71...) Applications and Licenses § 5.71 License period. (a) The regular license period for stations in the Experimental Radio Service is either 2 or 5 years. An applicant desiring to apply for a 5-year license...

  12. 47 CFR 1.945 - License grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License grants. 1.945 Section 1.945... Applications and Proceedings Application Requirements and Procedures § 1.945 License grants. (a) License grants—auctionable license applications. Procedures for grant of licenses that are subject to competitive...

  13. FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and radio...

  14. 42 CFR 431.710 - Provisional licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.710 Provisional licenses. To fill a position of nursing...

  15. Licensing Strategies of the Entreprising – But Vulnerable – "Intellectual property” Vendors

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Lee

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates in an exploratory manner the licensing strategies pursued by firms whose business model is based on developing and licensing out their intellectual property rights (IPRs). These are not traditional suppliers, since they do not engage in production or commercialization, but focus solely on invention. While considerable anecdotal evidence exists about these IP vendors, there has been no systematic investigation of how they use licensing to appropriate value from their in...

  16. 25 CFR 558.5 - License suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License suspension. 558.5 Section 558.5 Indians NATIONAL... MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS § 558.5 License suspension. (a) If, after the issuance of a gaming license, the... tribe shall suspend such license and shall notify in writing the licensee of the suspension and...

  17. 31 CFR 536.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 536.305 Section 536.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 536.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the...

  18. 31 CFR 596.306 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 596.306 Section 596.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 596.306 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  19. 47 CFR 27.13 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 27.13 Section 27.13... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Applications and Licenses § 27.13 License period. (a) 2305-2320 MHz and 2345-2360 MHz... beyond the end of the license term if no broadcast service had been provided, whichever period is...

  20. 31 CFR 586.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 586.305 Section 586...) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms of which are set forth in this part....

  1. 31 CFR 535.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 535.316 Section 535.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN....316 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or...

  2. 31 CFR 598.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 598.308 Section 598.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 598.308 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  3. 31 CFR 515.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 515.317 Section 515.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 515.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  4. 31 CFR 575.313 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 575.313 Section 575.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  5. 31 CFR 585.307 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 585.307 Section 585.307 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 585.307 General license. The term general license means any license or...

  6. 31 CFR 560.311 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 560.311 Section 560.311 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 560.311 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  7. 31 CFR 500.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 500.317 Section 500.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 500.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  8. 31 CFR 595.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 595.308 Section 595.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  9. 31 CFR 596.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 596.305 Section 596.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 596.305 General license. The term general license means any license or...

  10. 31 CFR 538.304 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 538.304 Section 538.304 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 538.304 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  11. 47 CFR 24.15 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 24.15 Section 24.15 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Applications and Licenses General Filing Requirements § 24.15 License period. Licenses for...

  12. 31 CFR 515.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 515.318 Section 515.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 515.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  13. 19 CFR 112.21 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License required. 112.21 Section 112.21 Customs... CARRIERS, CARTMEN, AND LIGHTERMEN Licensing of Cartmen and Lightermen § 112.21 License required. A customhouse cartage or lighterage license issued by the port director in accordance with this part or...

  14. 32 CFR 746.6 - Nonexclusive license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nonexclusive license. 746.6 Section 746.6... Nonexclusive license. (a) Availability of licenses. Each government invention normally shall be made available for the granting of nonexclusive revocable licenses, subject to the provisions of any other...

  15. 31 CFR 535.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 535.318 Section 535.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 535.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  16. 31 CFR 575.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 575.305 Section 575.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms of...

  17. 31 CFR 585.308 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 585.308 Section 585.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 585.308 Specific license. The term specific license means any license...

  18. 31 CFR 500.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 500.318 Section 500.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 500.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  19. 31 CFR 538.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 538.308 Section 538.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  20. 31 CFR 586.315 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 586.315 Section 586...) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set forth in this part but issued pursuant to this part....

  1. 31 CFR 585.306 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 585.306 Section 585.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 585.306 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  2. 10 CFR 40.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 40.3 Section 40.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SOURCE MATERIAL General Provisions § 40.3 License requirements. A..., unless authorized in a specific or general license issued by the Commission under the regulations in...

  3. 31 CFR 536.313 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 536.313 Section 536.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 536.313 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not...

  4. 31 CFR 595.312 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 595.312 Section 595.312 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 595.312 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  5. 31 CFR 560.312 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 560.312 Section 560.312 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 560.312 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  6. 31 CFR 575.316 - Special license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special license. 575.316 Section 575.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....316 Special license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set forth...

  7. 31 CFR 597.313 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 597.313 Section 597.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 597.313 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  8. 31 CFR 535.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 535.317 Section 535.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 535.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  9. 31 CFR 586.311 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 586.311 Section 586.311... SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.311 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to this part....

  10. 31 CFR 560.310 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 560.310 Section 560.310 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  11. 31 CFR 515.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 515.316 Section 515.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or authorization...

  12. 10 CFR 55.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 55.3 Section 55.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES General Provisions § 55.3 License requirements. A person must be authorized by a license issued by the Commission to perform the function of an operator...

  13. 31 CFR 536.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 536.308 Section 536.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 536.308 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  14. 31 CFR 538.311 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 538.311 Section 538.311 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 538.311 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  15. 32 CFR 643.72 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true License. 643.72 Section 643.72 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE Licenses § 643.72 License. A license is a bare authority to do a specified act upon the property of the...

  16. 31 CFR 500.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 500.316 Section 500.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN....316 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or...

  17. 31 CFR 595.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 595.305 Section 595.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 595.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  18. Processing Polarity Items: Contrastive Licensing Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saddy, Douglas; Drenhaus, Heiner; Frisch, Stefan

    2004-01-01

    We describe an experiment that investigated the failure to license polarity items in German using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). The results reveal distinct processing reflexes associated with failure to license positive polarity items in comparison to failure to license negative polarity items. Failure to license both negative and…

  19. 42 CFR 431.705 - Licensing authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.705 Licensing authority. (a) The State licensing program must provide for licensing of nursing home administrators by— (1) The agency designated under the healing arts...

  20. Protecting environmental flows through enhanced water licensing and water markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Erfani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available To enable economically efficient future adaptation to water scarcity some countries are revising water management institutions such as water rights or licensing systems to more effectively protect ecosystems and their services. Allocating more flow to the environment though can mean less abstraction for economic production, or the inability to accommodate new entrants (diverters. Modern licensing arrangements should simultaneously enhance environmental flows and protect water abstractors who depend on water. Making new licensing regimes compatible with tradable water rights is an important component of water allocation reform. Regulated water markets can help decrease the societal cost of water scarcity whilst enforcing environmental and/or social protections. In this article we simulate water markets under a regime of fixed volumetric water abstraction licenses with fixed minimum flows or under a scalable water license regime (using water "shares" with dynamic environmental minimum flows. Shares allow adapting allocations to available water and dynamic environmental minimum flows can vary as a function of ecological requirements. We investigate how a short-term spot market manifests within each licensing regime. We use a river-basin-scale hydro-economic agent model that represents individual abstractors and can simulate a spot market under both licensing regimes. We apply this model to the Great Ouse river basin in Eastern England with public water supply, agricultural, energy and industrial water using agents. Results show the proposed shares with dynamic environmental flow licensing system protects river flows more effectively than the current static minimum flow requirements during a dry historical year, but that the total opportunity cost to water abstractors of the environmental gains is a 10 to 15% loss in economic benefits.

  1. Caracterização espectral de áreas de gramíneas forrageiras infectadas com a doença "mela-das-sementes da braquiária" por meio de imagens CCD/CBERS-2 Spectral characterization of forage grasses infected with the disease "mela-das-sementes da braquiária" through CCD/CDBERS -2 images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José C. Rosatti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Imagens CCD/CBERS-2, nas bandas espectrais CCD2, CCD3 e CCD4, dos anos de 2004 e 2005, de Mirante do Paranapanema - SP, foram transformadas em reflectância de superfície usando o modelo 5S de correção atmosférica e normalizadas radiometricamente. O objetivo principal foi caracterizar espectralmente áreas de pastagens de Brachiaria brizantha em fase de florescimento, isentas e infectadas com a doença "mela-das-sementes da braquiária", possibilitando a sua detecção por meio da comparação entre os valores de reflectância de superfície denominada de Fator de Reflectância Bidirecional de Superfície (FRBS. Teve-se, também, o objetivo de avaliar a eficácia das imagens CCD/CBERS-2 para a obtenção de respostas espectrais de pastagens. Os dosséis sadios e doentes da Brachiaria brizantha foram identificados por meio da análise dos valores de reflectância e dos dados observados no Índice de Estresse Hídrico Acumulativo Relativo da Cultura (ACWSI obtidos na área de estudo. Os resultados indicaram que as principais diferenças foram a diminuição da reflectância na banda CCD3 e o aumento da reflectância na banda CCD4 nas áreas doentes. A metodologia empregada com o uso de dados do sensor CCD/CBERS-2, associados ao ACWSI, mostrou-se eficaz para discriminar dosséis infectados com a "mela-das-sementes da braquiária".CCD/CBERS-2 images in the spectral bands of CCD2, CCD3 and CCD4 of the years 2004 and 2005, from Mirante do Paranapanema - SP (Brazil, were transformed into surface reflectance images using the 5S atmospheric correction model and radiometrically normalized. The main objective was to spectrally characterize pastures of Brachiaria brizantha in the flowering phase, exempt and infected with the disease "mela-das-sementes da braquiária" making it possible its detection through the comparison among the SBRF - Surface Bidirectional Reflectance Factor values. At the same time, it was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the

  2. VEHICLES LICENSED IN SWITZERLAND

    CERN Multimedia

    Service des Relations avec les Pays-Hôtes

    2000-01-01

    1.\tVehicle licensinga)\tTime limitsVehicles must have a Swiss registration document and Swiss number plates: -\tif the owner has been residing in Switzerland for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months and has been using it for more than one month on Swiss territory, or -\tif the vehicle itself has been on Swiss territory for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months. b)\tTechnical details Vehicles belonging to non-Swiss members of the personnel who hold a carte de légitimation issued by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as 'DFAE') and who were not permanently resident in Switzerland before taking up their appointment may be licensed in Switzerland with virtually no restrictions provided that their owner produces: -\tthe vehicle registration document and number plates of the country in which the car was previously registered, or -\ta manufacturer's certi...

  3. License restrictions at Barnwell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Autry, V.R. [S.C. Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, SC (United States). Bureau of Radiological Health

    1991-12-31

    The State of South Carolina was delegated the authority by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to regulate the receipt, possession, use and disposal of radioactive material as an Agreement State. Since 1970, the state has been the principal regulatory authority for the Barnwell Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility operated by Chem-Nuclear Systems, Inc. The radioactive material license issued authorizing the receipt and disposal of low-level waste contains numerous restrictions to ensure environmental protection and compliance with shallow land disposal performance criteria. Low-level waste has evolved from minimally contaminated items to complex waste streams containing high concentrations of radionuclides and processing chemicals which necessitated these restrictions. Additionally, some waste with their specific radionuclides and concentration levels, many classified as low-level radioactive waste, are not appropriate for shallow land disposal unless additional precautions are taken. This paper will represent a number of these restrictions, the rationale for them, and how they are being dealt with at the Barnwell disposal facility.

  4. Empirical Analysis on Food Production License System to Promote Economic Development of Food Industry in Fujian Province%食品生产许可证制度与食品行业经济发展的实证——基于福建省食品行业获证企业现状的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘行星; 陈志华

    2012-01-01

    食品生产许可证制度的实施,对促进食品产业结构调整,提升食品安全发挥了巨大的作用。现以福建省食品行业相关数据为样本,通过简单的计量经济框架和数据统计,论证食品生产许可证制度对当地食品行业发展的推动作用,从而为更好地完善和实施食品生产许可证制度提供有益的思考。%The implementation of Food production license system plays a great role in promoting food industry structural adjustment and enhancing food security This article took the Fujian province food industry related data as sample, proved the impetus function of the food production license system on the local food industry development through simple econometric framework and data statistics, providing useful thoughts for perfecting and implementing the food production license system better.

  5. 75 FR 54343 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is announcing an invitation to participate in a pilot evaluation program for CBER's eSubmitter Program (eSubmitter). CBER's eSubmitter has been customized as an automated biologics license application (BLA) and BLA supplement (BLS) submission system for blood and blood components. Participation in the......

  6. NRC licensing requirements: DOD options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pike, W.J.; O' Reilly, P.D.

    1982-09-01

    This report describes the licensing process (both safety and environmental) that would apply if the Department of Defense (DOD) chooses to obtain licenses from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for using nuclear energy for power and luminous sources. The specific nuclear energy sources being considered include: small or medium-size nuclear power reactors; radioisotopic thermoelectric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; radioisotopic dynamic electric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; and applications of radioisotopes for luminous sources (lights) with /sup 3/H, /sup 85/Kr, or /sup 147/Pm. The steps of the licensing process are summarized in the following sections, with particular attention given to the schedule and level of effort necessary to support the process.

  7. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission... Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License...

  8. List of Nuclear Materials Licensing Actions Received

    Data.gov (United States)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission — A catalog of all Materials Licensing Actions received for review. The catalog lists the name of the entity submitting the license application, their city and state,...

  9. Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) Permit Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A federal Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) license is required onboard any vessel deployed in scallop fisheries in Federal waters off Alaska (except for...

  10. 25 CFR 11.601 - Marriage licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Marriage licenses. 11.601 Section 11.601 Indians BUREAU... ORDER CODE Domestic Relations § 11.601 Marriage licenses. A marriage license shall be issued by the clerk of the court in the absence of any showing that the proposed marriage would be invalid under...

  11. 14 CFR 1274.942 - Export licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export licenses. 1274.942 Section 1274.942... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.942 Export licenses. Export Licenses July 2002 (a) The Recipient shall comply with all U.S. export control laws and regulations, including...

  12. 47 CFR 13.15 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 13.15 Section 13.15 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS General § 13.15 License term... years from the date of issuance. (b) General Radiotelephone Operator Licenses, Restricted...

  13. 10 CFR 61.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 61.3 Section 61.3 Energy NUCLEAR... Provisions § 61.3 License required. (a) No person may receive, possess, and dispose of radioactive waste... license issued by the Commission pursuant to this part, or unless exemption has been granted by...

  14. 10 CFR 60.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 60.3 Section 60.3 Energy NUCLEAR... Provisions § 60.3 License required. (a) DOE shall not receive or possess source, special nuclear, or byproduct material at a geologic repository operations area except as authorized by a license issued by...

  15. 10 CFR 70.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 70.3 Section 70.3 Energy NUCLEAR... License requirements. No person subject to the regulations in this part shall receive title to, own... license issued by the Commission pursuant to these regulations....

  16. 10 CFR 35.11 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 35.11 Section 35.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL General Information § 35.11 License required. (a) A... for medical use only in accordance with a specific license issued by the Commission or an...

  17. 10 CFR 35.18 - License issuance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License issuance. 35.18 Section 35.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL General Information § 35.18 License issuance. (a) The Commission shall issue a license for the medical use of byproduct material if— (1) The applicant has...

  18. 47 CFR 27.1212 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 27.1212 Section 27.1212... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband Service § 27.1212 License term. (a) BRS/EBS licenses shall be issued for a period of 10 years beginning with the date of grant. (b) An...

  19. 10 CFR 63.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 63.3 Section 63.3 Energy NUCLEAR... MOUNTAIN, NEVADA General Provisions § 63.3 License required. (a) DOE may not receive nor possess source... except as authorized by a license issued by the Commission under this part. (b) DOE may not...

  20. 22 CFR 120.20 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 120.20 Section 120.20 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.20 License. License means a document bearing the word “license” issued by the Directorate of Defense...

  1. License plate recognition using DTCNNs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Brugge, M.H; Stevens, J.H; Nijhuis, J.A G; Spaanenburg, L; Tavsanonoglu, V

    1998-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition requires a series of complex image processing steps. For practical use, the amount of data to he processed must be minimized early on. This paper shows that the computationally most intensive steps can be realized by DTCNNs. Moreover; high-level operations like fi

  2. Natural analog studies: Licensing perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, J.W. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes the licensing perspective of the term {open_quotes}natural analog studies{close_quotes} as used in CFR Part 60. It describes the misunderstandings related to its definition which has become evident during discussions at the U.S Nuclear Regulatory Commission meetings and tries to clarify the appropriate applications of natural analog studies to aspects of repository site characterization.

  3. The Enhanced Driver’s License: Collateral Gains or Collateral Damage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Enhanced Driver’s License EIC Electronic Electrotechnical Commission EPC-1 Electronic Product Code Class-1 Generation-1 EPC-2 Electronic Product...be retained in electronic storage in a transferable format • Retain paper copies of source documents for a minimum of 7 years or images of source...and ID cards are produced and the security document materials and papers from which driver’s licenses and ID cards are produced • Subject all persons

  4. CHOOSING THE RIGHT FORM OF LICENSING A BUSINESS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROIBAN Roxana Nadina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Choosing the most appropriate form of licensing a business is an important decision not easy to be made by an entrepreneur and it should be taken only after he has the required skills and abilities to do so. The business idea should harmonize with the business environment and its future trends, with the existing opportunities and the future products or services that the company will provide and not least the entrepreneur has to make sure that he has sufficient resources to get started. We consider that every business has a number of features that make certain forms of licensing to be more suitable than others. This paper aims to present a multitude of items to be reviewed by an entrepreneur at the start-up in order to choose the most appropriate licensing type for his business. Given that our country's law allows entrepreneurs to license their businesses in several forms, the decision to choose between many existing possibilities is a very important one for the future good of the business. Currently in our country there are two major laws governing the licensing of a business. The first one is the republished and subsequently amended Company Law number 31/1990 and the second, the Government Emergency Ordinance number 44/2008 regarding the economic activities of the Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises. The Company Law number 31/1990 allows companies to choose between one of the five types of business entities that can operate in Romania: General partnership (in Romanian SNC, Limited partnership (in Romanian SCS, Limited partnerships by shares (in Romanian SCA, Joint stock company (in Romanian S.A. and Limited liability company (in Romanian S.R.L.. GEO number 44/2008 on economic activities of the Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises regulates the licensing and the activity of a Sole traders, Individual enterprises and Family enterprises.

  5. Vehicle License Plate Character Segmentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei-Sen Pan; Jun-Biao Yan; Zheng-Hong Xiao

    2008-01-01

    Vehicle license plate (VLP) character segmentation is an important part of the vehicle license plate recognition system (VLPRS). This paper proposes a least square method (LSM) to treat horizontal tilt and vertical tilt in VLP images. Auxiliary lines are added into the image (or the tilt-corrected image) to make the separated parts of each Chinese character to be an interconnected region. The noise regions will be eliminated after two fusing images are merged according to the minimum principle of gray values.Then, the characters are segmented by projection method (PM) and the final character images are obtained. The experimental results show that this method features fast processing and good performance in segmentation.

  6. Licensing process for safety-critical software-based systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haapanen, P. [VTT Automation, Espoo (Finland); Korhonen, J. [VTT Electronics, Espoo (Finland); Pulkkinen, U. [VTT Automation, Espoo (Finland)

    2000-12-01

    System vendors nowadays propose software-based technology even for the most critical safety functions in nuclear power plants. Due to the nature of software faults and the way they cause system failures new methods are needed for the safety and reliability evaluation of these systems. In the research project 'Programmable automation systems in nuclear power plants (OHA)', financed together by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), the Ministry of Trade and Industry (KTM) and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), various safety assessment methods and tools for software based systems are developed and evaluated. As a part of the OHA-work a reference model for the licensing process for software-based safety automation systems is defined. The licensing process is defined as the set of interrelated activities whose purpose is to produce and assess evidence concerning the safety and reliability of the system/application to be licensed and to make the decision about the granting the construction and operation permissions based on this evidence. The parties of the licensing process are the authority, the licensee (the utility company), system vendors and their subcontractors and possible external independent assessors. The responsibility about the production of the evidence in first place lies at the licensee who in most cases rests heavily on the vendor expertise. The evaluation and gauging of the evidence is carried out by the authority (possibly using external experts), who also can acquire additional evidence by using their own (independent) methods and tools. Central issue in the licensing process is to combine the quality evidence about the system development process with the information acquired through tests, analyses and operational experience. The purpose of the licensing process described in this report is to act as a reference model both for the authority and the licensee when planning the licensing of individual applications

  7. Discussion on Whether Export Food Production and Processing Enterprises Shall Go Through the Production License%出口食品生产加工企业是否应当办理生产许可证的探讨与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎青; 钟文渊; 刘宏波

    2011-01-01

    AQSIQ clear requires for the first time that the export food production and processing enterprise shall go through the production license. Some researchers believe that the implementation of these measures lack the legal basis. And if implemented, it will%目前,国家质检总局已经明确要求出口食品生产加工企业应当办理生产许可证。笔者认为上述措施的实施缺乏相应的法律依据,且其付诸实施后,将会引发许多问题。笔者就其可能引发的部分问题做了初步的探讨和分析,籍此希望质检部门能够真正做到“缺位的要到位、越位的要归位、错位的要正位”,确保食品安全法律制度的一致性。

  8. 78 FR 49283 - Chicken Ranch Rancheria-Chicken Ranch Liquor Licensing Ordinance, Ordinance No. 12-10-03

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... ``liquor''. 04.040 Beer. ``Beer'' means any alcoholic beverage obtained by the fermentation of any infusion... alcoholic fermentation of the juice of the grapes or other agricultural products containing natural or added... license. 06.030 Types of licenses. The Council shall have the authority to issue the following types...

  9. 10 CFR 52.173 - Duration of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duration of manufacturing license. 52.173 Section 52.173... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.173 Duration of manufacturing license. A manufacturing license... issuance. A holder of a manufacturing license may not initiate the manufacture of a reactor less than...

  10. 10 CFR 39.13 - Specific licenses for well logging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific licenses for well logging. 39.13 Section 39.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Specific Licensing Requirements § 39.13 Specific licenses for well logging. The Commission will approve an application for a specific license for the...

  11. 48 CFR 227.7203-4 - License rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License rights. 227.7203-4... Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-4 License rights. (a) Grant of license. The... license, under an irrevocable license granted or obtained by the contractor which developed the...

  12. 48 CFR 227.7103-4 - License rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License rights. 227.7103-4... 227.7103-4 License rights. (a) Grant of license. The Government obtains rights in technical data, including a copyright license, under and irrevocable license granted or obtained for the Government by...

  13. Establishment of licensing process for development reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Jong Chull; Yune, Young Gill; Kim, Woong Sik (and others)

    2006-02-15

    A study on licensing processes for development reactors has been performed to prepare the licensing of development reactors developed in Korea. The contents and results of the study are summarized as follows. The licensing processes for nuclear reactors in Korea, U.S.A., Japan, France, U.K., Canada, and IAEA were surveyed and analyzed to obtain technical bases necessary for establishing licensing processes applicable to development reactors in Korea. Based on the technical bases obtained the above analysis, the purpose, power output, and design characteristics of development reactors were analyzed in detail. The analysis results suggested that development reactors should be classified as a new reactor category (called as 'development reactor') separated from the current reactor categories such as the research reactor and the power reactor. Therefore, it is proposed to establish a new reactor category classified as 'development reactor' for the development reactors. And licensing processes, including licensing technical requirements, licensing document requirements, and other regulatory requirements, were also proposed for the development reactors. In order to institutionalize the licensing processes developed in this study, it is necessary to revise the current laws. Therefore, draft provisions of Atomic Energy Act, Enforcement Decree of the Atomic Energy Act, and Enforcement Regulation of the Atomic Energy Act have been developed for the preparation of the future legalization of the licensing processes proposed for the development reactors. Conclusively, a proposal of licensing processes and draft provisions of laws have been developed for the development reactors. The results proposed in this study can be applied directly to the licensing of the future development reactors. Furthermore, they will also contribute to establishing successfully the licensing processes of the development reactors.

  14. Technology Spillover and Licensing Strategy of Patentee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The optimal license proportions with and without technology spillover are analyzed with a game-theoretical approach when a patent-holding firm licensed non-drastic process innovation to his incumbent rivals by means of a first price sealed bid auction. The optimal strategy is obtained through solving the game by backward induction. It is found that the range of optimal license proportion is narrower when there is spillover compared to the no spillover case.

  15. 21 CFR 601.21 - Products under development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Products under development. 601.21 Section 601.21...) BIOLOGICS LICENSING Biologics Licensing § 601.21 Products under development. A biological product undergoing development, but not yet ready for a biologics license, may be shipped or otherwise delivered from one...

  16. Licensing-In Fosters Rapid Invention!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Reichstein, Toke

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on contractual economics and innovation management, licensing-in is hypothesized to accelerate licensees' invention process. Studying a matched dataset of licensees and non-licensees, licensees are shown to be faster at inventing, but the effect is negated if the license includes a grant......-back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to licensor. Also, the effect is significantly reduced if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology. The effect of the grant-back clause is offset if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology, suggesting that the licensee retains...

  17. Texas site selection and licensing status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avant, R.V. Jr.

    1989-11-01

    Texas has identified a potential site in Hudspeth County in far West Texas near the town of Fort Hancock. Over the past year the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority has been conducting detailed geology, hydrology, meteorology, soils, and flora and fauna evaluations. An authorization by the Board of Directors of the Authority to proceed with a license application, assuming that the detailed evaluation indicates that the site is suitable, is expected by September. A prototype license has been prepared in anticipation of the order to proceed with licensing, and the formal license application is expected to be submitted to the Texas Department of Health-Bureau of Radiation Control in December, meeting the license application milestone. Although site selection processes in all siting areas across the country have experienced organized opposition, El Paso County has funded a particularly well-organized, well-financed program to legally and technically stop consideration of the Fort Hancock site prior to the licensing process. Many procedural, regulatory, and technical issues have been raised which have required responses from the Authority in order to proceed with licensing. This has provided a unique perspective of what to expect from well-organized opposition at the licensing stage. This paper presents an update on the Texas siting activity with detailed information on the site evaluation and license application. Experience of dealing with issues raised by opposition relating to NRC guidelines and rules is also discussed.

  18. Compulsory licensing of patents in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhry, Rahul

    2016-09-01

    This article deals with compulsory licensing scenarios in India, provides a background of relevant provisions in the Patents Act and examines how these provisions are Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights compliant. This article further discusses the procedure followed by India in granting a compulsory license, provides an overview of compulsory license applications filed in India to date and judicial precedence regarding the same. This article also highlights how compulsory licensing is a great safeguard that balances the interests of the innovators and the public at large.

  19. Vehicle License Plate Recognition Syst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi,R. B. Dubey

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle license plate recognition system has greater efficiency for vehicle monitoring in automatic zone access control. This Plate recognition system will avoid special tags, since all vehicles possess a unique registration number plate. A number of techniques have been used for car plate characters recognition. This system uses neural network character recognition and pattern matching of characters as two character recognition techniques. In this approach multilayer feed-forward back-propagation algorithm is used. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on several car plates and provides very satisfactory results.

  20. 78 FR 78956 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ...), Xiqian (aka Steven) Wei, President, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Blue Ocean Logistics... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a...

  1. 75 FR 66104 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... Toxicity''. Licensing Status: Available for licensing. Licensing Contact: David A. Lambertson, PhD; 301-435... responses. Blood. 2006 Jun 15;107(12):4597-4605. . 4. Biragyn A, Ruffini PA, Coscia M, Harvey LK, Neelapu...

  2. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 002364F. Name: Reiko Soejima Gibbs and James Thomas Gibbs...

  3. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018407N. Name: Pacific Atlantic Lines, Inc. Address:...

  4. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 2226F. Name: Foley, III, William Cody dba Cody...

  5. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 3105F. Name: CJG International, Inc. Address: 40397 Big Oak...

  6. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 4365N. Name: Logistics Management International, Inc....

  7. 76 FR 28780 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 2813F. Name: Vital International Freight Services, Inc....

  8. 77 FR 35386 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018547N. Name: Pallets in Motion. Address: 1140 E....

  9. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018906NF. Name: Tri-Net Logistics Management, Inc. Address:...

  10. 77 FR 42312 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... bond. LICENSE NUMBER: 023327N. NAME: G & F West Indies Shipping, Inc. ADDRESS: 1416 Blue Hill...

  11. 75 FR 41501 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    .... Inventors: Shyamasundaran Kottilil (NIAID), Howard Young (NCI), Michael Polis (NIAID), Anthony Suffredini... automation. Inventors: David W. Dorward, Vinod Nair, Elizabeth R. Fischer, Bryan Hansen (NIAID). Patent...-2008/2-PCT-01). Licensing Status: Available for licensing. ] Licensing Contact: Michael Shmilovich,...

  12. 32 CFR 643.126 - Transportation licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation licenses. 643.126 Section 643.126... ESTATE Additional Authority of Commanders § 643.126 Transportation licenses. Installation commanders are... free competitive proposals of all available companies or individuals. (b) DD Form 694...

  13. 76 FR 32866 - Cable Landing Licenses; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Systems Agency in the regulations that we published in the Federal Register of January 14, 2002, 67 FR... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Cable Landing Licenses; Correction AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... streamlined processing of cable landing license applications. Need for Correction As published, the...

  14. Licensing failure in the European decentralised procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langedijk, Joris; Ebbers, Hans C; Mantel-Teeuwisse, Aukje K; Kruger-Peters, Alexandra G; Leufkens, Hubert G M

    2016-01-01

    The majority of the licensing applications in the European Union are submitted via the decentralised procedure. Little is known about licensing failure (i.e. refusal or withdrawal of a marketing authorisation application) in the EU decentralised procedure compared to the EU centralised procedure and

  15. 24 CFR 244.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 244.2 Section 244.2 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF... FOR GROUP PRACTICE FACILITIES Eligibility Requirements § 244.2 License. The Commissioner shall...

  16. Overdragelse af immaterielle licenser ved virksomhedsoverdragelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liin, Birgit; Bülow, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling.......Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling....

  17. China Unicom obtained Macao 3G license

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Macao Telecommunications Administration announced the competitive tender result of 3G license yesterday. There had 5 telecom operators bidding 3 licenses, China Unicom (Macao), Hutchison Telephone (Macao) and CTM won their bids. The other two tender are DIGI and Kong Seng.

  18. 36 CFR 271.4 - Commercial license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commercial license. 271.4 Section 271.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE USE OF âSMOKEY BEARâ SYMBOL § 271.4 Commercial license. (a) The Chief may authorize the commercial...

  19. Your EHR license agreement: critical issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shay, Daniel F

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses several key provisions and concepts in software license agreements for electronic health records. It offers insight into what physician practices can expect to find in their license agreements, as well as practical advice on beneficial provisions. The article examines contractual language relating to term and termination, technical specifications and support, and compliance with governmental programs.

  20. 24 CFR 232.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 232.2 Section 232.2... Eligibility Requirements § 232.2 License. The Commissioner shall not insure any mortgage under this part... facility is or is to be located, and the appropriate agency for such jurisdiction provides a...

  1. NEG-shift, Licensing, and Repair Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ken Ramshøj

    2008-01-01

    I entertain the idea that the cross-linguistic variation in the licensing of NEG-shift, the movement of negative objects to spec-NegP, can be accounted for by a few representational constraints that are not directly related to case licensing or feature checking, and which potentially conflict wit...

  2. Learning-by-Licensing: How Chinese Firms Benefit From Licensing-In Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Roijakkers, N.; Vanhaverbeke, W.

    2012-01-01

    performance lies in differences of absorptive capacity. In this study, we intend to relax this assumption and use data about 186 Chinese indigenous firms to investigate how differences in in-licensing portfolios lead to different effects on innovation performance. We find that firms benefit from prior in......This paper explores how interfirm variations in their in-licensed technology portfolios influence subsequent innovation performance. Existing studies mainly assume licensed technologies are homogeneously accessible to firms, and a prevailing explanation as to why firms vary in their innovation......-licensing technologies and the result is related to four dimensions of their licensing portfolios. We find that 1) the scale of firms' technology in-licensing has an inverted-U relationship with their subsequent innovation performance; 2) firms that license-in foreign technologies tend to outperform those...

  3. Production and diffusion of technological knowledge on environment licenses on shore: an experience of CEFET-RN and PROMINP; Producao e difusao de conhecimentos tecnologicos sobre licenciamento ambiental 'on shore': uma experiencia do CEFET-RN e do PROMINP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pagado, Erika Araujo da Cunha; Silva, Valdenildo Pedro da [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica do Rio Grande do Norte (CEFET-RN), Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents an initiative of the CEFET-RN and the PROMINP of execution of a course of specialization directed toward the production and diffusion of technological knowledge and the qualification of professionals who can act, in the elaboration of environment studies of enterprises in the area of oil and gas on shore. The qualification of professionals and companies is considered important so that can act in the activity of oil and natural gas environment licensing, in accordance with the principles which guides Brazilian environment normalization, in search of the sustainable development. The objective of the course is specialize professionals to act in the area of environment management, planning, coordination, management and execution of activities to the environment area, attempting against the principles of sustainable management. Moreover, it aims at to deepen the knowledge about the elaboration, installment of consulting and assessor of public and private institutions, in regards to act of environment studies, directed toward the petroliferous activity on Shore. The course is developed by means of instructions modules that contemplate knowledge of diverse areas of science and, mainly, of the petroliferous and environment activity. The achievement of the modules contributes to improve the qualification of involved professionals with the elaboration of environment studies that are demanded in the processes of environment licensing of activities of the area of oil and gas on shore. (author)

  4. License - DMPD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us DMPD Lice... terms and conditions of the Standard License and the Additional License described below. The Standard License specifies the lice...ments you must follow in using this database. The Additional License specifies those items that are exceptio...nally permitted even though they are generally prohibited in the Standard License. Standard License The Standard Lice...nse for this database is the license specified in the Creative Commons A

  5. 42 CFR 431.709 - Issuance and revocation of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.709 Issuance and revocation of license. Except...

  6. A Signature of Genomic Instability Resulting from Deficient Replication Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Maochun; Wang, Jianmin; Kunnev, Dimiter; Freeland, Amy

    2017-01-01

    Insufficient licensing of DNA replication origins has been shown to result in genome instability, stem cell deficiency, and cancers. However, it is unclear whether the DNA damage resulting from deficient replication licensing occurs generally or if specific sites are preferentially affected. To map locations of ongoing DNA damage in vivo, the DNAs present in red blood cell micronuclei were sequenced. Many micronuclei are the product of DNA breaks that leave acentromeric remnants that failed to segregate during mitosis and should reflect the locations of breaks. To validate the approach we show that micronuclear sequences identify known common fragile sites under conditions that induce breaks at these locations (hydroxyurea). In MCM2 deficient mice a different set of preferred breakage sites is identified that includes the tumor suppressor gene Tcf3, which is known to contribute to T-lymphocytic leukemias that arise in these mice, and the 45S rRNA gene repeats. PMID:28045896

  7. License Compliance Issues For Biopharmaceuticals: Special Challenges For Negotiations Between Companies And Non-Profit Research Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzio, Todd A; Feindt, Hans; Ferguson, Steven

    2011-09-01

    Biopharmaceuticals are therapeutic products based on biotechnology. They are manufactured by or from living organisms and are the most complex of all commercial medicines to develop, manufacture and qualify for regulatory approval. In recent years biopharmaceuticals have rapidly increased in number and importance with over 400() already marketed in the U.S. and European markets alone. Many companies throughout the world are now ramping up investments in biopharmaceutical R&D and expanding their portfolios through licensing of early-stage biotechnologies from universities and other non-profit research institutions, and there is an increasing number of license agreements for biopharmaceutical product development relative to traditional small molecule drug compounds. This trend will only continue as large numbers of biosimilars and biogenerics enter the market.A primary goal of technology transfer offices associated with publicly-funded, non-profit research institutions is to establish patent protection for inventions deemed to have commercial potential and license them for product development. Such licenses help stimulate economic development and job creation, bring a stream of royalty revenue to the institution and, hopefully, advance the public good or public health by bringing new and useful products to market. In the course of applying for such licenses, a commercial development plan is usually put forth by the license applicant. This plan indicates the path the applicant expects to follow to bring the licensed invention to market. In the case of small molecule drug compounds, there exists a widely-recognized series of clinical development steps, dictated by regulatory requirements, that must be met to bring a new drug to market, such as completion of preclinical toxicology, Phase 1, 2 and 3 testing and product approvals. These steps often become the milestone/benchmark schedule incorporated into license agreements which technology transfer offices use to monitor

  8. Contractual Solutions in Electronic Publishing Industry: A Comparative study of License Agreements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.T. Anuradha

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology (IT revolution has brought global change and has impact on electronic publishing industry also. In the digital and networked environment, publishers are concerned about protecting their products from illegal use. Copyright has been proclaimed as an important weapon by the publishers to safeguard their products. In view of the increasing importance that is gained by contract law in electronic publishing, more and more libraries are engaged in signing License Agreements for getting access to all types of electronic information products. It has become imperative on the part of librarians to have knowledge of License agreements and their clauses. The body of the license agreements differs from publisher to publisher and is product dependent too. Since there is a difference between the license agreements of societal publishers and commercial publishers, an attempt is made here to carry out a comparative study of the clauses of the license agreements among commercial publishers at the first level and societal publishers at the second level. It is observed that the licensors’ rights are well protected compared to that of licensees’ rights.

  9. The environmental licensing processes of the offshore oil and natural gas exploration and production in the world and in Brazil: a comparative analysis considering the utilization of studies of the strategic environmental assessment; O processo de licenciamento ambiental das atividades de exploracao e producao de petroleo e gas natural offshore no mundo e no Brasil: uma analise comparativa considerando a utilizacao de estudos de avaliacao ambiental estrategica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mariano, Jacqueline [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Programa de Planejamento Energetico

    2004-07-01

    This study presents an analyses of the environmental licensing processes of the offshore oil and gas exploration and production of the following countries: USA, UK, Norway, Australia and Canada, and makes a comparison with the Brazilian case. This study also emphasizes the use of the Strategical Environmental Assessments (SEA) before the bid procedures. The SEA studies aim to predict and to evaluate the environmental implications of the adoption of sectorial policies and programs and are very useful to the decision making processes. They permit the exclusion of environmental sensitive areas and contribute to the improvement of the environmental management of the regions where the activities will take place. The selected countries use SEA as an environmental management tool and their experience is analysed so as to provide suggestions for the improvement of the current Brazilian environmental licensing process. (author)

  10. 78 FR 35273 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... FDA review and approval before marketing a biological product in interstate commerce. Licenses may be... concern biological products for which human efficacy studies are not ethical or feasible. Section 601.91(b... part 601, subpart H, when human efficacy studies are not ethical or feasible (or based on evidence...

  11. 10 CFR 52.109 - Continuation of combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Combined Licenses § 52.109 Continuation of combined license. Each combined license for a... continue to maintain the facility, including, where applicable, the storage, control and maintenance of...

  12. 10 CFR 51.54 - Environmental report-manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental report-manufacturing license. 51.54 Section... report—manufacturing license. (a) Each applicant for a manufacturing license under subpart F of part 52... Environmental Report—Manufacturing License.” The environmental report must address the costs and benefits...

  13. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  14. 10 CFR 52.167 - Issuance of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of manufacturing license. 52.167 Section 52.167... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.167 Issuance of manufacturing license. (a) After completing any... manufacturing license if the Commission finds that: (1) Applicable standards and requirements of the Act and...

  15. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    .... LICENSE NUMBER: 019206NF. NAME: Fun N Stuff International USA, Inc. dba Air Ocean Land Transport Logistics...: Surrendered license voluntarily. LICENSE NUMBER: 020934N. NAME: D.L. International Logistics Inc. ADDRESS... corresponding date shown below: LICENSE NUMBER: 003555F. NAME: Thomas Griffin International, Inc. ADDRESS:...

  16. 78 FR 79018 - Request for a License To Export Deuterium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... COMMISSION Request for a License To Export Deuterium Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public Notice of Receipt... received the following request for an export license. Copies of the request are available electronically.... The information concerning this export license application follows. ] NRC Export License...

  17. 7 CFR 6.32 - Globalization of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Globalization of licenses. 6.32 Section 6.32 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing § 6.32 Globalization of licenses. If the Licensing Authority determines that entries of an...

  18. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  19. 77 FR 13605 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License no....

  20. 48 CFR 252.227-7004 - License grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License grant. 252.227... Clauses 252.227-7004 License grant. As prescribed at 227.7009-3(a), insert the following clause in patent releases, license agreements, and assignments: License Grant (AUG 1984) (a) The Contractor hereby grants...

  1. 76 FR 30360 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-12969] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License... Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight... applications to amend an existing OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license....

  2. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  3. 48 CFR 252.227-7005 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 252.227-7005... Clauses 252.227-7005 License term. As prescribed at 227.7009-3(b), insert one of the following clauses in patent releases, license agreements, and assignments: License Term (OCT 2001) Alternate I (AUG 1984)....

  4. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  5. 76 FR 28779 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  6. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  7. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. ] License No....

  8. 7 CFR 51.35 - Surrender of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Surrender of license. 51.35 Section 51.35 Agriculture... Licensing of Inspectors § 51.35 Surrender of license. Upon termination of his services as a licensed... the office of inspection serving the area in which he is located. These same provisions shall apply...

  9. 中巴资源卫星影像HR数据在煤矿矿区地面塌陷调查中的应用%Application of CBERS HR Image Data in Investigation of Surface Collapse in Coal Mine Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文平; 范英霞; 韩小明; 薛磊; 李少贞

    2012-01-01

    We apply, for the first time, the CBERS HR image data whose independent intellectual property rights are owned by China to investigate the surface collapse of coal mine zone through remote sensing technique. A problem which grows serious over time is coal mine zone' s surface collapse which features itself by its growing area and both its gradual and sudden change. It is difficult to deter- mine the boundary of the collapse zone and adapt to the development of the problem via conventional station observation. In this paper, we construct a remote sensing image lettering and interpreting system to interpret and delineate the boundary of collapse zones, collect relevant data and support the environmental protection of the region via human computer interaction using Liudaowan - Tieehanggou coal mine zone' s CBERS satellite HR image based on known fundamental features of the collapse zone as a case study.%首次应用具有我国自主知识产权的中巴资源卫星影像数据对煤矿矿区采煤地面塌陷进行遥感调查研究。煤矿采空区地面塌陷随着时间日趋严重,面积不断扩大,兼有渐变和突变的特点,用常规方法定点观测难以适应其发展,确定其边界分布非常困难。文章应用中巴资源卫星HR高分辨率影像数据,以六道湾一铁厂沟煤矿矿区为例,通过已知塌陷区的基本特点,建立塌陷区的遥感影像地物解译标志体系,通过人机交互遥感影像解译,圈定地面塌陷的边界并获得塌陷区的有关数据,为该地区环境地质灾害治理提供依据。

  10. 7 CFR 46.6 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Licenses § 46.6...

  11. 7 CFR 46.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Licenses § 46.3...

  12. Licensing Opportunities for NIH, CDC & FDA Technologies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This dataset represents all technologies available for licensing from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Center...

  13. 36 CFR 25.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... desire a shortened tour, to arrange for such service as may suit their convenience. 8. (a) Not to operate... motor vehicle operator's license issued by the State in which the national military park is located....

  14. 78 FR 17450 - Notice of Issuance of Materials License Renewal, Operating License SUA-1341, Uranium One USA, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Issuance of Materials License Renewal, Operating License SUA-1341, Uranium One USA, Inc., Willow Creek Uranium In Situ Recovery Project AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice of... license renewal for Materials License No. SUA- 1341 to Uranium One USA, Inc. (Uranium One) for its...

  15. 77 FR 13376 - Notice of License Termination for the University of Arizona Research Reactor, License No. R-52

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... COMMISSION Notice of License Termination for the University of Arizona Research Reactor, License No. R-52 The... No. R-52, for the University of Arizona Research Reactor (UARR). The NRC has terminated the license... released for unrestricted use. Therefore, Facility Operating License No. R-52 is terminated. For...

  16. 78 FR 12365 - License Amendment Request for United Nuclear Corporation, Church Rock Mill-License No. SUA-1475

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... COMMISSION License Amendment Request for United Nuclear Corporation, Church Rock Mill--License No. SUA-1475... Materials License Number SUA-1475 for the UNC Church Rock Mill site located in New Mexico (the UNC license... flow model for the UNC Church Rock Mill site and adjacent downgradient areas . In a letter...

  17. License - RMG | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us RMG License Lice...ith the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regardi...ng the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice.... If you use data from this database, please be sure attribute this database as follows: Rice Mitochondrial ...Genome © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribut

  18. Current safety issues of CANDU licensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Y. [University of Ottawa, Ottawa (Canada); Natalizio, A. [ENSAC Associates, Ontario (Canada)

    1994-01-15

    As requested by Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety(KINS), the status of five generic licensing issues has been examined and their potential impact on a new plant that would be constructed in Canada has been evaluated. The results and conclusions of this evaluation are summarized as follows: steam explosion in calandria, hydrogen explosion in containment, use of PSA in reactor licensing, human factors, safety critical software.

  19. Libraries, licensing and the challenge of stewardship.

    OpenAIRE

    Farb, Sharon

    2006-01-01

    Stewardship has always figured predominantly in the mission of libraries. This paper discusses major findings and implications of a study of licensing in U.S. academic libraries. The data suggests that not all libraries are accepting their heritage role — that is, they are not planning for long–term preservation and access for their growing licensed digital collections and resources. Instead they rely increasingly on third parties to perform this fundamental function. This shift may have far–...

  20. Impact of Ohio Administrative License Suspension*

    OpenAIRE

    Voas, Robert B.; Tippetts, A. Scott; Taylor, Eileen P.

    1998-01-01

    This report covers an analysis of the driving records of Ohio’s 45,788 drivers who were convicted of driving under the influence (DUI) between July 1, 1990, and August 30, 1995, to determine the specific deterrent impact of the Ohio administrative license suspension (ALS**) law on DUI recidivism. Our data support the conclusion that, under the ALS law, license suspensions were earlier and more certain. Consequently, the number of drunk-driving convictions, moving offenses, and crashes of firs...

  1. Improving the Business Trade Licensing Reform Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Gamser, Matthew

    2003-01-01

    This case study of Kenyan business trade licensing shows that red-tape costs can be cut if reform is championed strongly and there is a strong case in terms of costs and benefits. The reform of business registration, trade licensing and other business entry procedures is a cost effective and progressive way to promote indigenous private sector development. But, reform needs more than good cost-benefit analysis and legal drafting; it also requires building constituencies and continuous advocacy.

  2. Benchmark for license plate character segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Gabriel Resende; da Silva, Sirlene Pio Gomes; Menotti, David; Shwartz, William Robson

    2016-09-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) has been the focus of many researches in the past years. In general, ALPR is divided into the following problems: detection of on-track vehicles, license plate detection, segmentation of license plate characters, and optical character recognition (OCR). Even though commercial solutions are available for controlled acquisition conditions, e.g., the entrance of a parking lot, ALPR is still an open problem when dealing with data acquired from uncontrolled environments, such as roads and highways when relying only on imaging sensors. Due to the multiple orientations and scales of the license plates captured by the camera, a very challenging task of the ALPR is the license plate character segmentation (LPCS) step, because its effectiveness is required to be (near) optimal to achieve a high recognition rate by the OCR. To tackle the LPCS problem, this work proposes a benchmark composed of a dataset designed to focus specifically on the character segmentation step of the ALPR within an evaluation protocol. Furthermore, we propose the Jaccard-centroid coefficient, an evaluation measure more suitable than the Jaccard coefficient regarding the location of the bounding box within the ground-truth annotation. The dataset is composed of 2000 Brazilian license plates consisting of 14000 alphanumeric symbols and their corresponding bounding box annotations. We also present a straightforward approach to perform LPCS efficiently. Finally, we provide an experimental evaluation for the dataset based on five LPCS approaches and demonstrate the importance of character segmentation for achieving an accurate OCR.

  3. License - PLACE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us PLACE License Lice... with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regar...ding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice... Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2... to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database, and acquire data; free

  4. License - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us KOME License Lice...with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regard...ing the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...uchi (National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences) licensed under CC Attributio...e . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database, and acq

  5. License - RPSD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us RPSD License Lice...with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regard...ing the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...on of Protein © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC A...found here . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database

  6. License - DGBY | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us DGBY License Lice...with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regard...ing the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...(National Food Research Institute) licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 ... this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database, and acquire data; freely

  7. Licensing in the Patent Thicket - Timing and Benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Siebert, Ralph Bernd; Graevenitz, Georg von

    2011-01-01

    Licensing can be a solution for hold-up in patent thickets. In this paper we study whether licensing is an effective solution for hold-up. To do this we distinguish between ex ante and ex post licensing. A theoretical model shows that firms’ expectations of blocking in a patent thicket determine whether they license ex ante while ex post licensing arises if expected blocking was low but realized blocking turns out to be high. It can also be shown that ex ante licensing will allow firms to ...

  8. A BWR licensing experience in the USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, J.; Ogura, C. [Toshiba America Nuclear Energy, Charlotte, North Carolina (United States); Arai, K. [Toshiba Corporation, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan); Thomas, S.; Mookhoek, B., E-mail: jim.powers@toshiba.com [Nuclear Innovation North America, Lake Jackson, Texas (United States)

    2015-09-15

    The US-Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (A BWR), certified by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC), is a third generation, evolutionary boiling water reactor design which is the reference for the South Texas Project Units 3 and 4 (STP3-4) Combined License Application (Cola). Nuclear Innovation North America (Nina) is the License Applicant for this new build project, and Toshiba is the selected primary technology contractor. The STP3-4 project has finished the US NRC technical review of the Cola through the final meeting of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS), and the Final Safety Evaluation Report (FSER) is scheduled to be issued by the US NRC in the middle of 2015. The next steps are to support the Mandatory Hearing process, and voting by the NRC commissioners on the motion to grant the Combined License, which is scheduled beginning of 2016 according to US NRC schedule as of March 30, 2015. This paper summarizes the history and progress of the US-A BWR licensing, including the experiences of the Licensee, Nina, and Toshiba as the Epc team worked through the Code of Federal Regulations Title 10 (10-Cfr) Part 52 process, and provides some perspectives on how the related licensing material would also be of value within a 10-Cfr Part 50, two-step process to minimize schedule and financial risks which could arise from ongoing technical developments and regulatory reviews. (Author)

  9. Patents and licensing in pharmaceutical industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina Ancevska Netkovska

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Intellectual property rights (IPR have been defined as ideas, inventions, and creative expressions based on which there is a public willingness to bestow the status of property. IPR provide certain exclusive rights to the inventors or creators of that property, in order to enable them to reap commercial benefits from their creative efforts or reputation. There are several types of intellectual property protection like patent, copyright, trademark, etc. Patent is recognition for an invention, which satisfies the criteria of global novelty, non-obviousness, and industrial application. IPR is prerequisite for better identification, planning, commercialization, rendering, and thereby protection of invention or creativity. Each industry should evolve its own IPR policies, management style, strategies, and so on depending on its area of specialty. Pharmaceutical industry currently has an evolving IPR strategy requiring a better focus and approach in the coming era. The protection of inventions with patents in the pharmaceutical industry have a specific role in the development of society and represent one of the drivers of economic development. The license agreements are considered as one of the most common types of transfer of industrial property rights. The right holders often transfer their rights to patents by concluding licensing agreement. While the patent license may give the license a right to use the technology many license agreements have provisions for the transfer of know-how in addition to the patent.

  10. Government use licenses in Thailand: an assessment of the health and economic impacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaisiri Kakanang

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Between 2006 and 2008, Thailand's Ministry of Public Health (MOPH granted government use licenses for seven patented drugs in order to improve access to these essential treatments. The decision to grant the government use licenses was contentious both within and beyond the country. In particular, concerns were highlighted that the negative consequences might outweigh the expected benefits of the policy. This study conducted assessments of the health and economic implications of these government use licenses. Methods The health and health-related economic impacts were quantified in terms of i Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs gained and ii increased productivity in US dollars (USD as a result of the increased access to drugs. The study adopted a five-year timeframe for the assessment, commencing from the time of the grant of the government use licenses. Empirical evidence gathered from national databases was used to assess the changes in volume of exports after US Generalized System of Preferences (GSP withdrawal and level of foreign direct investment (FDI. Results As a result of the granting of the government use licenses, an additional 84,158 patients were estimated to have received access to the seven drugs over five years. Health gains from the use of the seven drugs compared to their best alternative accounted for 12,493 QALYs gained, which translates into quantifiable incremental benefits to society of USD132.4 million. The government use license on efavirenze was found to have the greatest benefit. In respect of the country's economy, the study found that Thailand's overall exports increased overtime, although exports of the three US GSP withdrawal products to the US did decline. There was also found to be no relationship between the government use licenses and the level of foreign investment over the period 2002 to 2008. Conclusions The public health benefits of the government use licenses were generally positive

  11. 76 FR 53480 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Conjugate Vaccines Against B. anthracis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Conjugate Vaccines... factor'' (EF). Although production of an efficient anthrax vaccine is an ultimate goal, the benefits of... therapy of B. anthracis (anthrax) infection by immunization with conjugate vaccines against anthrax...

  12. Discovering Software License Constraints: Identifying a Binary’s Sources by Tracing Build Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Burg, S.; Davies, J.; Dolstra, E.; German, D.M.; Hemel, A.

    2012-01-01

    With the current proliferation of open source software components, intellectual property in general, and copyright law in particular, has become a critical non-functional requirement for software systems. A key problem in license compliance engineering is that the legal constraints on a product depe

  13. 77 FR 3750 - Notice of Intent To Grant a Partially Exclusive License; Cobalt Technologies, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... Department of the Navy Notice of Intent To Grant a Partially Exclusive License; Cobalt Technologies, Inc... notice of its intent to grant to Cobalt Technologies, Inc., a revocable, nonassignable, partially... Olefin Feedstocks for the Production of Turbine and Diesel Fuels, filed on April 27,...

  14. 78 FR 17942 - Request To Amend a License To Export High-Enriched Uranium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... COMMISSION Request To Amend a License To Export High-Enriched Uranium Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public... Security material (High- kilograms U-235 LVR-15 Research will ultimately Administration. Enriched Uranium... medical isotope March 11, 2013 uranium) the list of production at the XSNM3622/02 research...

  15. 21 CFR 601.51 - Confidentiality of data and information in applications for biologics licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Adverse reaction reports, product experience reports, consumer complaints, and other similar data and... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality of data and information in applications for biologics licenses. 601.51 Section 601.51 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  16. 77 FR 8880 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing Provisions; Section 351(k) Biosimilar Applications AGENCY... for an application for a proposed biosimilar product and an application for a supplement for a...) Biosimilar Applications On March 23, 2010, the President signed into law the Patient Protection...

  17. 75 FR 4081 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... application for FDA review and approval before marketing a biological product in interstate commerce. Licenses... studies are not ethical or feasible. Section 601.91(b)(3) requires applicants to prepare and provide... part 601, subpart H when human efficacy studies are not ethical or feasible (or based on evidence...

  18. From the Chemistry Lab to Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savino, Joseph M.; Street, Kenneth W.; Philipp, Warren H.

    1998-01-01

    This is a story of technology maturation and transfer, and licensing. It traces the history of the recently patented ion- exchange material (IEM) from the accidental discovery that this polymer, a battery separator of marginal performance, picked up copper from distilled water passing through corroded copper tubing in the laboratory, to a point where five organizations and one individual have applied for licenses to manufacture and market it or to use it in a wide variety of applications. This story discusses in detail the problems of converting an immature technology into a mature and eventually commercialized technology, without dedicated resources. Readers will develop an appreciation for how the obstacles to maturation and licensing of the technology were faced and overcome. The lessons learned will be discussed, with the hope of enhancing the technology transfer process.

  19. Guide to the selection, training, and licensing or certification of reprocessing plant operators. Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-06-01

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 55, establishes procedures and criteria for the licensing of operators, including senior operators, in ''Production and Utilization Facilities'', which includes plants for reprocessing irradiated fuel. A training guide is presented which will facilitate the licensing of operators for nuclear reprocessing plants by offering generalized descriptions of the basic principles (theory) and the unit operations (mechanics) employed in reprocessing spent fuels. In the present volume, details about the portions of a training program that are of major interest to management are presented. (JSR)

  20. PC-based car license plate reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Chung-Mu; Shu, Shyh-Yeong; Chen, Wen-Yu; Chen, Yie-Wern; Wen, Kuang-Pu

    1992-11-01

    A car license plate reader (CLPR) using fuzzy inference and neural network algorithm has been developed in Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and installed in highway toll stations to identify stolen cars. It takes an average of 0.7 seconds to recognize a car license plate by using a PC with 80486-50 CPU. The recognition rate of the system is about 97%. The techniques of CLPR include vehicle sensing, image grab control, optic pre- processing, lighting, and optic character recognition (OCR). The CLPR can be used in vehicle flow statistics, the checking of stolen vehicles, automatic charging systems in parking lots or garage management, and so on.

  1. An analysis on the licensing trends of nuclear power plant and outstanding licensing issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Kyoo Sung; Nam, Seung Duk; Jang, Keun Sun; Yang, Joon Suk; Park, Tae Chul [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-08-01

    In this paper, nuclear licensing politics, procedures and regulatory trends of the national practices of both Korea and United States are reviewed and analyzed to begin with. The resolution process and regulatory status of severe accident issues, Unresolved Safety Issues(USIs) and Generic Safety Issues(GSIs) are also traced. Subsequently, the author suggests a scheme for resolving and preparing for anticipated licensing issues for Ulchin units 3 and 4, together with the establishment of outstanding licensing issues and regulatory criteria applicable to Ulchin units 3 and 4. 10 figs., 10 tabs., 22 refs. (Author).

  2. License - Gclust Server | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ...base Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us License - Gclust Server | LSDB Archive ...

  3. License - KEGG MEDICUS | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ... Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us License - KEGG MEDICUS | LSDB Archive ...

  4. License - RGP physicalmap | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us RGP physical...e Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us License - RGP physicalmap | LSDB Archive ...

  5. A Line Dividing "Trademark License" and "Trademark Infringement"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chi Shaojie

    2004-01-01

    @@ Opinions are not divided on in fringement by another person's use of a registered trademark without license from the trademark registrant,nor on the non-infringement by its/his licensed use of a registered trademark.

  6. 78 FR 73898 - Operator Licensing Examination Standards for Power Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... COMMISSION Operator Licensing Examination Standards for Power Reactors AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission... available for public comment a draft NUREG, NUREG-1021, Revision 10, ``Operator Licensing Examination Standards for Power Reactors.'' DATES: Submit comments by February 7, 2014. Comments received after...

  7. Groundfish/Crab License Limitation Program (LLP) Permit Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — As of January 1, 2000 a Federal License Limitation Program (LLP) license is required for vessels participating in directed fishing for LLP groundfish species in the...

  8. 77 FR 37044 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    .... License Number: 022238F. Name: Grimes Supply Chain Services, Inc. Address: 600 North Ellis Road... a valid bond. License Number: 021899NF. Name: Trans World Logistics Corporation. Address: 702...

  9. 78 FR 49752 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations The Commission gives notice that... valid bond. License No.: 018716N. Name: Transporte Medrano Inc. Address: 134 North Franklin...

  10. 78 FR 20107 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ..., LLC. dba Superior International Logistics. Address: 4471 NW 36th Street, Miami Springs, FL 33166. Date...: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 8927N. Name: Grand Express International, Inc. Address: 135.... License No.: 016816F. Name: Green Integrated Logistics, Inc. Address: 16210 South Maple Avenue,...

  11. 77 FR 64992 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ...: August 15, 2012. License No.: 020088N. Name: Hal-Mari International Logistics, Inc. Address: 9122..., 2012. License No.: 019372F. Name: Hal-Mari International Logistics, Inc. Address: 9122 Telephone Road, Houston, TX 77075. Date Reissued: September 6, 2012. License No.: 023500N. Name: IMAC International...

  12. 76 FR 59128 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... maintain valid bonds. License Number: 021359N. Name: Titan International Logistics, LLC. Address: 16905... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 004473F. Name: Maromar International Freight Forwarders Inc. dba.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 17499N. Name: Unico Logistics Inc. Address:...

  13. 78 FR 60282 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... maintain valid bonds. License No.: 020337N. Name: WTG Logistics, Inc. dba WTG International. Address: 140... shown. License No.: 13285N. Name: Safari International Trading Corporation dba Safari Int'l Shipping.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License No.: 019002N. ] Name: Glotrans International,...

  14. 22 CFR 123.5 - Temporary export licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary export licenses. 123.5 Section 123.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.5 Temporary export licenses. (a) The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls...

  15. 78 FR 48458 - Notice of Reinstatement of Customs Broker License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Reinstatement of Customs Broker License AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Reinstatement of customs broker license. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that a customs broker's license has been...

  16. 78 FR 48460 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker License AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Notice of revocation of a customs broker license. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that a customs broker license is being revoked...

  17. 76 FR 71584 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license... of the Code of Federal Regulations at Sec. 111.30(d), the following Customs broker licenses...

  18. 78 FR 48456 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker license cancellations. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the customs broker licenses and any and all...

  19. 48 CFR 1852.225-70 - Export Licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Export Licenses. 1852.225... 1852.225-70 Export Licenses. As prescribed in 1825.1103-70(b), insert the following clause: Export Licenses (FEB 2000) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all U.S. export control laws and...

  20. 77 FR 60434 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... Type: New OFF License. Farkas Worldwide Shipping Inc. (NVO), 1420 W. Flager Street, Miami, FL 33135, Officers: Heather R. Farkas, President (QI), Maria A. Farkas, Secretary, Application Type: New NVO License... License. Mota Import Export LLC dba MTI Mota Import Export Cargo Express (NVO), 175 Smith Street,...

  1. 19 CFR 111.15 - Issuance of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of license. 111.15 Section 111.15 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Procedure To Obtain License or Permit § 111.15 Issuance of license. If the...

  2. 78 FR 57633 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  3. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  4. 78 FR 55698 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  5. 77 FR 61752 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... existing OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  6. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 16661NF. Name : H.L.M. Cargo Corp. dba Sea Line Express....

  7. 78 FR 69459 - Vogtle Unit 3 Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Unit 3 Combined License AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Determination of... Combined License. ADDRESSES: Please refer to Docket ID NRC-2008-0252 when contacting the NRC about the... License (ADAMS Accession No. ML13276A034). This ITAAC was approved as part of the ] issuance of...

  8. 78 FR 27238 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  9. 76 FR 7209 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  10. 76 FR 33757 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  11. 77 FR 6563 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  12. 78 FR 40143 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  13. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  14. 76 FR 30361 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... No: 2011-12974] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued... Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No. Name/address Date reissued 001580F Marco Forwarding Co., 8835...

  15. 76 FR 62407 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  16. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  17. 77 FR 39707 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... No: 2012-16473] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants... application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF.... 40101). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license...

  18. 76 FR 28778 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  19. 78 FR 73894 - Vogtle Unit 4 Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Unit 4 Combined License AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Determination of... Combined License. ADDRESSES: Please refer to Docket ID NRC-2008-0252 when contacting the NRC about the... License (ADAMS Accession No. ML13275A108). This ITAAC was approved as part of the issuance of the...

  20. 78 FR 20106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  1. 78 FR 43202 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a licensee. Interested persons may contact...

  2. License protection with a tamper-resistant token

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chong, Cheun Ngen; Ren, Bin; Doumen, Jeroen; Etalle, Sandro; Hartel, Pieter H.; Corin, Ricardo

    2004-01-01

    Content protection mechanisms are intended to enforce the usage rights on the content. These usage rights are carried by a license. Sometimes, a license even carries the key that is used to unlock the protected content. Unfortunately, license protection is difcult, yet it is important for digital ri

  3. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 1580F. Name: Marco Forwarding Co. Address: 14204 SW. 62nd...

  4. 77 FR 1936 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  5. 77 FR 56643 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Doc No: 2012-22498] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants... Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight... given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or the Qualifying Individual...

  6. 47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... this chapter. (b) Application filing procedures for commercial radio operator licenses are set forth in... file applications for commercial radio operator licenses is contained in the bulletin “Commercial Radio... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses....

  7. 76 FR 57720 - Intent To Grant an Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... Department of the Air Force Intent To Grant an Exclusive Patent License SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions... exclusive license in any right, title and interest the United States Air Force has in: U.S. Patent... license for the invention described in this patent application will be granted unless a written...

  8. 77 FR 50584 - Voluntary Licensing of Amateur Rocket Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... are summarized below. Total Benefits and Costs The FAA does not require licensing of amateur rocket... of this rule. To the extent the licensing requirements provide a societal benefit, those benefits... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 400 RIN 2120-AJ84 Voluntary Licensing of Amateur...

  9. 76 FR 12962 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    .../Director, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. ICT International Cargo Transport (USA) Inc. (NVO & OFF... applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  10. 78 FR 48456 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security... death of the license holders. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that, pursuant...

  11. 31 CFR 539.309 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 539.309 Section 539.309 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL REGULATIONS...

  12. 31 CFR 539.311 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 539.311 Section 539.311 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL...

  13. 31 CFR 539.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 539.305 Section 539.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL...

  14. 77 FR 31894 - Portable Gauge Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... COMMISSION Portable Gauge Licenses AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Draft NUREG; request for... guidance for portable gauge licensees. The NRC is requesting public comment on NUREG-1556, Volume 1...- 4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov . The NUREG-1556, Volume 1, Revision 2, is under...

  15. Image simulation for automatic license plate recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Raja; Zhao, Yonghui; Burry, Aaron; Kozitsky, Vladimir; Fillion, Claude; Saunders, Craig; Rodríguez-Serrano, José

    2012-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) is an important capability for traffic surveillance applications, including toll monitoring and detection of different types of traffic violations. ALPR is a multi-stage process comprising plate localization, character segmentation, optical character recognition (OCR), and identification of originating jurisdiction (i.e. state or province). Training of an ALPR system for a new jurisdiction typically involves gathering vast amounts of license plate images and associated ground truth data, followed by iterative tuning and optimization of the ALPR algorithms. The substantial time and effort required to train and optimize the ALPR system can result in excessive operational cost and overhead. In this paper we propose a framework to create an artificial set of license plate images for accelerated training and optimization of ALPR algorithms. The framework comprises two steps: the synthesis of license plate images according to the design and layout for a jurisdiction of interest; and the modeling of imaging transformations and distortions typically encountered in the image capture process. Distortion parameters are estimated by measurements of real plate images. The simulation methodology is successfully demonstrated for training of OCR.

  16. Information Technology Trends, Creative Commons Licenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felician ALECU

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Creative Commons licenses, also known as CC, allow the authors to retain the copyright over the works while granting some right to the others, like the permission to modify or to use the work for commercial purposes.

  17. 77 FR 4887 - DOE Patent Licensing Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... Part 781 RIN 1990-AA41 DOE Patent Licensing Regulations AGENCY: Office of the General Counsel, Department of Energy. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its patent... patents or patent applications vested in the United States of America, as represented by or in the...

  18. To License or Not to License: An Examination of State Statutes Regarding Private Investigators and Digital Examiners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Lonardo

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the authors examine statutes that regulate, license, and enforce investigative functions in each US state. After identification and review of Private Investigator licensing requirements, the authors find that very few state statutes explicitly differentiate between Private Investigators and Digital Examiners. After contacting all state agencies the authors present a distinct grouping organizing state approaches to professional Digital Examiner licensing. The authors conclude that states must differentiate between Private Investigator and Digital Examiner licensing requirements and oversight.

  19. NRC Licensing Status Summary Report for NGNP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moe, Wayne Leland [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Kinsey, James Carl [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project, initiated at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, is based on research and development activities supported by the Department of Energy Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative. The principal objective of the NGNP Project is to support commercialization of high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology. The HTGR is a helium-cooled and graphite moderated reactor that can operate at temperatures much higher than those of conventional light water reactor (LWR) technologies. The NGNP will be licensed for construction and operation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). However, not all elements of current regulations (and their related implementation guidance) can be applied to HTGR technology at this time. Certain policies established during past LWR licensing actions must be realigned to properly accommodate advanced HTGR technology. A strategy for licensing HTGR technology was developed and executed through the cooperative effort of DOE and the NRC through the NGNP Project. The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the current status of the still evolving pre-license application regulatory framework relative to commercial HTGR technology deployment in the U.S. The following discussion focuses on (1) describing what has been accomplished by the NGNP Project up to the time of this report, and (2) providing observations and recommendations concerning actions that remain to be accomplished to enable the safe and timely licensing of a commercial HTGR facility in the U.S.

  20. 78 FR 5840 - Notice of License Termination for University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor, License No. R-115

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... COMMISSION Notice of License Termination for University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor, License No. R-115... No. R-115, for the University of Illinois Advanced TRIGA Reactor (ATR). The NRC has terminated the..., Facility Operating License No. R-115 is terminated. The above referenced documents may be examined,...

  1. Changing mobility patterns and road mortality among pre-license teens in a late licensing country : an epidemiological study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Twisk, D.A.M. Bos, N.M. Shope, J.T. & Kok, G.

    2013-01-01

    Whereas the safety of teens in early licensing countries has been extensively studied, little is known about the safety of pre-license teens in late licensing countries, where these teens also may be at risk. This risk exists because of the combination of a) increasing use of travel modes with a hig

  2. Innovation and Ex Ante Consideration of Licensing Terms in Standard Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Tor Winston

    2006-01-01

    In an effort to produce interoperable products, firms frequently participate in Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs) to collaboratively set technical standards for products used by networks of consumers. Some SSO members say they suffer from a type of holdup: after they sink technology-specific investments in developing and implementing a standard using a particular patented technology the patent owner can set licensing terms that exploit those investments. These members have called on SSOs ...

  3. License - RGP caps | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us RGP caps License Lice...nce with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms re...garding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...based genetic markers on rice chromosomes © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences lice...on-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access pa

  4. License - GETDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us GETDB License Lice... with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms regar...ding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...© 2010 Shigeo Hayashi(RIKEN) licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan .... The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this database, you are lice

  5. License - TP Atlas | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us TP Atlas License Lice...nce with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms re...garding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...rgeted Proteins Research Program licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Ja...pan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to t

  6. License - AT Atlas | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us AT Atlas License Lice...nce with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms re...garding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...rgeted Proteins Research Program licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Ja...pan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to t

  7. License - RGP gmap | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us RGP gmap License Lice...nce with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms re...garding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...NETIC MAP IN NATURE GENETICS © National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences lice...e 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole o

  8. License - Taxonomy Icon | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Taxonomy Icon License License to Use This Database Last updated : 2013/3/21 You may use this database in com...s regarding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in usin...g this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution 2.1 Japan . If you... of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.1 Japan is found here . With regard to this database, you are license...erivative works based on part or whole of the data from this database, under the license, as long as you com

  9. License - Trypanosomes Database | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s database, under the license, as long as you comply with the following conditions: You must attribute this ...Trypanosomes Database License License to Use This Database Last updated : 2014/02/04 You may use this databa...ense terms regarding the use of this database and the requirements you must follo...e . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database, and acq...whole of the data from this database under the license. You need to contact the Licensor shown below to requ

  10. LICENSE PLATE LOCALIZATION USING GABOR FILTERS AND NEURAL NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Ktata

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle License Plate Detection (LPD is an important step for the vehicle plate recognition which can be used in the intelligent transport systems. Many methods have been proposed for the detection of license plates based on: Mathematical morphology, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Hough Transform and others. In general, an LPR system includes four main parts: Vehicle image acquisition, license plate detection, character segmentation and character recognition. In this study, we present a robust method for extracting and detecting license plates, from simple images of Tunisian vehicles, based on Gabor filters and neural networks. The proposed method is designed to perform recognition of any kind of license plates under any environmental conditions.

  11. Advanced CANDU reactor pre-licensing progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popov, N.K.; West, J.; Snell, V.G.; Ion, R.; Archinoff, G.; Xu, C. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited., Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)]. E-mail: popovn@aecl.ca

    2005-07-01

    The Advanced CANDU Reactor (ACR) is an evolutionary advancement of the current CANDU 6 reactor, aimed at producing electrical power for a capital cost and at a unit-energy cost significantly less than that of the current reactor designs. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) staff are currently reviewing the ACR design to determine whether, in their opinion, there are any fundamental barriers that would prevent the licensing of the design in Canada. This CNSC licensability review will not constitute a licence, but is expected to reduce regulatory risk. The CNSC pre-licensing review started in September 2003, and was focused on identifying topics and issues for ACR-700 that will require a more detailed review. CNSC staff reviewed about 120 reports, and issued to AECL 65 packages of questions and comments. Currently CNSC staff is reviewing AECL responses to all packages of comments. AECL has recently refocused the design efforts to the ACR-1000, which is a larger version of the ACR design. During the remainder of the pre-licensing review, the CNSC review will be focused on the ACR-1000. AECL Technologies Inc. (AECLT), a wholly-owned US subsidiary of AECL, is engaged in a pre-application process for the ACR-700 with the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) to identify and resolve major issues prior to entering a formal process to obtain standard design certification. To date, the USNRC has produced a Pre-Application Safety Assessment Report (PASAR), which contains their reviews of key focus topics. During the remainder of the pre-application phase, AECLT will address the issues identified in the PASAR. Pursuant to the bilateral agreement between AECL and the Chinese nuclear regulator, the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) and its Nuclear Safety Center (NSC), NNSA/NSC are reviewing the ACR in seven focus areas. The review started in September 2004, and will take three years. The main objective of the review is to determine how the ACR complies

  12. Adjuvants: Classification, Modus Operandi, and Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostólico, Juliana de Souza

    2016-01-01

    Vaccination is one of the most efficient strategies for the prevention of infectious diseases. Although safer, subunit vaccines are poorly immunogenic and for this reason the use of adjuvants is strongly recommended. Since their discovery in the beginning of the 20th century, adjuvants have been used to improve immune responses that ultimately lead to protection against disease. The choice of the adjuvant is of utmost importance as it can stimulate protective immunity. Their mechanisms of action have now been revealed. Our increasing understanding of the immune system, and of correlates of protection, is helping in the development of new vaccine formulations for global infections. Nevertheless, few adjuvants are licensed for human vaccines and several formulations are now being evaluated in clinical trials. In this review, we briefly describe the most well known adjuvants used in experimental and clinical settings based on their main mechanisms of action and also highlight the requirements for licensing new vaccine formulations. PMID:27274998

  13. NRC antitrust licensing actions, 1978--1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, S.J.; Simpson, J.J.

    1997-09-01

    NUREG-0447, Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants, was published in May 1978 and includes a compilation and discussion of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) proceedings and activity involving the NRC`s competitive review program through February 1978, NUREG-0447 is an update of an earlier discussion of the NRC`s antitrust review of nuclear power plants, NR-AIG-001, The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Antitrust Review of Nuclear Power Plants: The Conditioning of Licenses, which reviewed the Commission`s antitrust review function from its inception in December 1970 through April 1976. This report summarizes the support provided to NRC staff in updating the compilation of the NRC`s antitrust licensing review activities for commercial nuclear power plants that have occurred since February 1978. 4 refs., 4 tabs.

  14. Direct Licensing in Major Weapon Systems Acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    tions. Teledyne, CAE ( TCAE ), the only source that the Government and the developer could agree upon, was selected in September 1978 to be the licensee...Williams, under the licensing program, was required to assist TCAE in establishing its manufacturing and test facilities on a step-by-step basis...and for licensee progress, but no significant leverage was afforded the Government if they failed to meet the milestones or if TCAE was not qualified

  15. Identifying, Licensing, and Commercializing Technology: An Entrepreneur's View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, Kris

    2013-03-01

    A linguist by trade, Kris Appel left government service to pursue entrepreneurship. She knew she wanted to start a company, but she did not have a business idea. After researching various technologies available for commercialization, she began to focus on a prototype medical device at the University of Maryland Medical School, which had been developed to help stroke survivors recover their arm movement. The device was based upon emerging science into brain re-training, and was backed by very convincing clinical trials. Working closely with University researchers, she licensed the rights to the device, developed a commercial version, and launched it in 2009. Today the device is used around the globe, and has helped thousands of stroke and brain injury survivors improve their arm function and way of life. Kris will tell the story of the device, and how it got from idea to prototype to successful rehabilitation product.

  16. Closing the access gap for health innovations: an open licensing proposal for universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajkumar Rahul

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This article centers around a proposal outlining how research universities could leverage their intellectual property to help close the access gap for health innovations in poor countries. A recent deal between Emory University, Gilead Sciences, and Royalty Pharma is used as an example to illustrate how 'equitable access licensing' could be put into practice. Discussion While the crisis of access to medicines in poor countries has multiple determinants, intellectual property protection leading to high prices is well-established as one critical element of the access gap. Given the current international political climate, systemic, government-driven reform of intellectual property protection seems unlikely in the near term. Therefore, we propose that public sector institutions, universities chief among them, adopt a modest intervention – an Equitable Access License (EAL – that works within existing trade-law and drug-development paradigms in order to proactively circumvent both national and international obstacles to generic medicine production. Our proposal has three key features: (1 it is prospective in scope, (2 it facilitates unfettered generic competition in poor countries, and (3 it centers around universities and their role in the biomedical research enterprise. Two characteristics make universities ideal agents of the type of open licensing proposal described. First, universities, because they are upstream in the development pipeline, are likely to hold rights to the key components of a wide variety of end products. Second, universities acting collectively have a strong negotiating position with respect to other players in the biomedical research arena. Finally, counterarguments are anticipated and addressed and conclusions are drawn based on how application of the Equitable Access License would have changed the effects of the licensing deal between Emory and Gilead.

  17. [Licensing of Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices in Germany: Weaknesses and Opportunities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, D; Wildner, M

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe and compare the licensing of pharmaceuticals and medical devices in Germany. Weaknesses and opportunities of the respective processes are identified. Methods: To describe and compare the two approaches, a systematic literature review was conducted, followed by an archival analysis, guided by experts. Unstructured interviews were conducted with experts (users, financers, surveillants and producers) personally or by telephone to identify weaknesses and opportunities. The data were evaluated by content analysis according to Mayring and MAXQDA 11. The results were critically assessed by comparing them with the current academic literature. Results: A central market authorization for medical devices was mentioned often, but seems politically not viable. However, quality, methodology and depth of the analyses necessary for the licensing of medical devices, especially for high-risk devices, can and should strive for higher standards, comparable to those of pharmaceuticals. With regard to post-market surveillance, the systems for both pharmaceuticals and medical devices should be improved. Innovativeness and competitiveness of European medical device manufacturers should not be promoted by reduced evidence standards and patient safety. Subsidies or easier licensing procedures for small product lines with particular importance for public health, similar to orphan drug regulations, are more desirable. Conclusion: This study helps to identify areas of improvement for licensing of pharmaceuticals and medical devices. Concrete recommendations were developed. Higher evidence standards should be mandatory especially for high-risk devices, comparable to those of pharmaceuticals. Post-marketing surveillance should be improved for pharmaceuticals and medical devices.

  18. Method and details of on-site application materials inspection of food production license according to GB 14881-2013 and general guidelines%结合GB 14881-2013、食品生产许可审查通则谈食品生产许可现场对申请资料审核的内容和方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁燕骅; 陈柄旭; 杨丽仙

    2015-01-01

    To improve the food safety inspection, it is urgent and necessary to have a deep understanding of the related food production regulations and standards, unify the executions at various levels and improve the execution quality of the site inspectors. The similarities and differences among related standards and documents were summarized so that it would be easier for the inspectors and auditors to understand GB 14881 and inspection's general guideline according to their work. Based on the general guidelines for food production license inspection (version 2010) as well as the related regulations in GB 14881-2013 and authors' professional experiences, the details and methods for auditing the application materials were analyzed and summarized, including 13 aspects, such as organization structure, responsibility and requirements of staff, technical documents, purchase and verification, process management, critical control point, product protection, and test management,etc. This article intended to be a technical reference for future on-site verification and the implementation of routine monitoring.%深入理解食品生产相关法令法规和标准,逐步统一各级执行者的认识,提高一线监管的专业水平,是食品安全监管工作发展的当前迫切需求和今后必经之路。为了逐步整合同类标准和文件之间的异同,便于监管人员和审核人员从实际工作需求角度去理解GB 14881和审查通则的要求,本文以食品生产许可审查通则(2010版)为基本框架,结合GB 14881-2013的相关内容以及笔者以往的审核经验,对申请材料审核部分各条款核查的内容和方法进行细化、分析和归纳,包括组织领导、人员职责和要求、技术性文件、采购及验证、过程管理、关键质控、产品防护、检验管理等13个方面的内容,可作为食品生产许可现场核查和日常监管的具体工作实施的技术参考材料。

  19. A meta-analytic review of moral licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanken, Irene; van de Ven, Niels; Zeelenberg, Marcel

    2015-04-01

    Moral licensing refers to the effect that when people initially behave in a moral way, they are later more likely to display behaviors that are immoral, unethical, or otherwise problematic. We provide a state-of-the-art overview of moral licensing by conducting a meta-analysis of 91 studies (7,397 participants) that compare a licensing condition with a control condition. Based on this analysis, the magnitude of the moral licensing effect is estimated to be a Cohen's d of 0.31. We tested potential moderators and found that published studies tend to have larger moral licensing effects than unpublished studies. We found no empirical evidence for other moderators that were theorized to be of importance. The effect size estimate implies that studies require many more participants to draw solid conclusions about moral licensing and its possible moderators.

  20. Four Essays on Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon

    much to be investigated. Furthermore, with few exceptions, neither organizational nor contractual characteristics related to the licensing deals have received enough attention as determinants of the capacity of the acquiring firm to benefit from licensing in a new technology. The purpose......Licensing contracts represent one of the most widely used mechanisms to exchange technologies and transfer know-how between firms. Due to the opportunities that licensing creates for firms operating on both sides of the markets for technology, it has increasingly become an integral part of firms’ R......&D strategies. On the supply side, the existing literature has been focused on understanding how technology licensing can be used by firms as a mechanism to recover investments in innovative activities and to foster learning opportunities. On the demand side, it has been shown that licensing is an important...

  1. 7 CFR 61.38 - Suspended license to be returned to Division.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspended license to be returned to Division. 61.38...) Regulations Licensed Cottonseed Samplers § 61.38 Suspended license to be returned to Division. In case a license issued to a sampler is suspended or revoked such license shall be returned to the Division. At...

  2. Saudi License Plate Recognition Algorithm Based on Support Vector Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Khaled Suwais; Rana Al-Otaibi; Ali Alshahrani

    2013-01-01

    License plate recognition (LPR) is an image processing technology that is used to identify vehicles by their license plates. This paper presents a license plate recognition algorithm for Saudi car plates based on the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. The new algorithm is efficient in recognizing the vehicles from the Arabic part of the plate. The performance of the system has been investigated and analyzed. The recognition accuracy of the algorithm is about 93.3%.

  3. The Navy’s Management of Software Licenses Needs Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    whether the DON included appropriate clauses in software license contracts. We reviewed 1 Enterprise Licensing Agreement ( ELA ), 13 non- ELAs , and the...Software Initiative approved software licensing training. Findings Overall, the DON made progress toward the mandated use of DON ELAs by issuing a $700...million ELA for Microsoft software. However, the ELA included unacceptable language in 2 of the 11 best practice areas we identified in software

  4. When does inward technology licensing facilitate firms' NPD performance? A contingency perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Many firms find inward technology licensing (ITL), as a means to access external technological knowledge, an effective and relatively inexpensive way for new product development (NPD). However, although the literature has suggested some advantages and disadvantages of ITL with respect to NPD......, the relationship between ITL and licensee firms' subsequent NPD performance has not yet been found convincingly evident. Sharing with many other likeminded scholars and practitioners, we believe that the dynamics between external knowledge, internal capability, external environment, and firm performance should...... be investigated through a contingency perspective. Thus, this study posits that a firm's propensity to develop new products through ITL is contingent upon two categories of contingency factors that are internal and external to firms. Using a dataset containing information about Chinese firms' licensing activities...

  5. License Plate Recognition for Parking Control System by Mathematical Morphology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Javier Ortiz; Alberto Gómez

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, license plate recognition for parking systems is a critical task to provide automatic control of customers and payment. This paper introduces a new method for automatic recognition of license plates of vehicles by mathematical morphology. The proposed method can provide the license plate number of the plates in different light conditions, colors, sizes, and inclination (angles). The algorithm can recognize the license plates of European Union vehicles quickly and correctly. The pattern learning of mathematical skeletons has high efficiency in the process. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated well by the test in a parking control system.

  6. 76 FR 56759 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... 33171. Officer: Miguel O. Gonzalez, President/Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New... Gutierrez, Vice President/Secretary, Application Type: New OFF License. Jacobson Global Logistics, Inc....

  7. 77 FR 21559 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ...: Cintia Altheman, Managing Member (Qualifying Individual). Cristiano de Lima, Managing Member. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. American Guardship, LLC (NVO & OFF), 6679 Santa Barbara Road, J,...

  8. Licensing biotech intellectual property in university-industry partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozdoff, Vladimir; Fairbairn, Daryl

    2015-01-20

    Appropriate negotiation and drafting of license agreements are critical to successfully establishing and managing the expansive and complex relationships that are becoming more common between industry and universities. More often than not, the resulting licensing agreements become quite lengthy and complex, and the key principles become difficult to discern among all the details. This summary provides a short, nonexhaustive introduction to some of the essential components of these licenses with the intent of providing the non-licensing professional a better appreciation of some of the key commercial and legal terms from both an academic and company perspective, keeping in mind some of the considerations that particularly apply to biotechnology deals.

  9. 75 FR 80499 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... Street, Orlando, FL 32812. Officers: Tanya Quiroz, Treasurer/ Secretary, (Qualifying Individual), Eddy A. Quiroz, President. Application Type: New NVO License. FPS Logistic (USA) Inc. dba Famous Pacific...

  10. 78 FR 66713 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ..., Baldwin, NY 11510. Officer: Kamran Ali, President (QI), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Miragrown... 2D, Philadelphia, PA 19115. Officers: Mykola Chobotar, Chief Executive Manager (QI), James...

  11. 76 FR 16420 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Global Logistics Consulting (OFF), 1010 19th Street, 10, Santa Monica, CA 90403. Officer: Andrea Bigi, Sole Proprietor (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New OFF License. Annex Brands, Inc....

  12. 77 FR 26008 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... License. CLN Worldwide, LLC (NVO & OFF), 1825-C Cross Beam Drive, Charlotte, NC 28217, Officer: David E..., Officers: Robin Lynch, Managing Member (Qualifying Individual), Gina Lynch, Member, Application...

  13. 75 FR 29545 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    .... Pacific Coast Highway, Suite 8406, Redondo Beach, CA 90277. Officers: Li Mei, Manager, (Qualifying.../ Treasurer, (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New NVO License. Dated: May 21, 2010. Karen V....

  14. Social license to operate: case from brazilian mining industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Ana Lúcia F.; Demajorovic, Jacques; Aledo, Antonio

    2015-04-01

    The approach of the Social License to Operate (SLO) emerges as an important element in academic discussions and business practices related to extractive industries. It appears that in productive activities with great potential to produce economic, social and environmental impacts, conventional approaches based on legal compliance no longer sufficient to legitimize the actions of companies and engagement stakeholders. Studies highlight the need of mining activities receiving a SLO "issued" by companies stakeholders, including society, government, non-governmental organizations, media and communities. However, local communities appears as major stakeholders in governance arrangements, by virtue of its proximity to extractive areas and ability to affect the company's results. Stakeholders with unmet expectations can generate conflicts and risks to the company, the knowledge of these expectations and an awareness of company managers of the importance of Social License to Operate (SLO), can generate strategies and mitigating actions to prevent and or minimize possible conflicts. The concept of SLO arises in engineering extractive industry, when you need to respond to social challenges, beyond the usual environmental challenges, technological and management. According to Franks and Cohen (2012) there is a tendency of engineering sectors, sustainability, environmental, safety and especially in risk mappings, treat the technological issues in a neutral manner, separating the technological research projects of social influences. I want to contribute to the advancement of the debate on stakeholder engagement and adopting as focus on the company's relationship with the community, the aim of this study was to understand how a social project held by one of the largest mining companies in Brazil contributed to the process of SLO. This methodological procedure adopted was a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory interviews with the communities located in rural areas of direct

  15. COMPARISON OF CERTAIN ABILITIES NEEDED BY WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES AND LICENSED ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DILLON, ROY D.

    THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH WORKERS WITH THE JOB TITLES OF GENERAL DIRECTORS, SALESMEN, SUPERVISORS, AND FIELD WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES NEEDED AGRICULTURALLY ORIENTED KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAME KIND AND LEVEL AS WORKERS IN COMPARABLE JOB TITLES IN ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES. DATA WERE COLLECTED BY PERSONAL…

  16. 77 FR 22808 - Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... different type of equipment will be installed) or changes in methods governing normal plant operation. The... governing normal plant operation. In addition, the changes do not impose any new or different requirements...-related system performs its function. The change revises license renewal commitments and aging...

  17. 78 FR 70589 - Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Oconee assumes 5 gpm back-leakage from the Reactor Building sump to the BWST. The automatic isolation... National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 805, ``Performance- Based Standard for Fire Protection for... new fire protection licensing basis which complies with the requirements in 10 CFR 50.48(a), 10 CFR...

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission activities to prepare for reviewing license applications and issuing licenses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uleck, R.B.; DeFino, C.V. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (LLRWPAA) assigned States the responsibility to provide for disposal of commercial low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) by 1993. The LLRWPAA also required the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to establish procedures and develop the technical review capability to process license applications for new LLRW disposal facilities. Under the LLRWPAA, NRC is required, to the extent practicable, to complete its review of an LLRW disposal facility license application within 15 months of its submittal by a State. This provision of the LLRWPAA helps ensure that NRC, in addition to protecting public health and safety and the environment, facilitates States` achievement of LLRWPAA milestones for new facility development. A timely NRC review is needed for States to accomplish their objective of having new disposal facilities in operation on the dates prescribed in the LLRWPAA. To help assure NRC and States` compliance with the provisions of the LLRWPAA, NRC has developed a licensing review strategy that includes: (1) the further development of regulatory guidance, (2) enhancement of licensing review capability, and (3) prelicensing regulatory consultation with potential applicants.

  19. Technology Licensing for the Benefit of the Developing World: UC Berkeley's Socially Responsible Licensing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimura, Carol

    2007-01-01

    In the years since the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, university technology transfer success has been measured primarily by traditional metrics such as numbers of patents filed, revenue obtained from licensed patents and numbers of start-up companies founded to commercialize university intellectual property. Intellectual property (IP)…

  20. 77 FR 24538 - Fukushima-Related Orders Modifying Licenses; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... Boiling Water Reactor Licensees With Mark I and Mark II Containments: Order Modifying Licenses With Regard to Reliable Hardened Containment Vents (Effective Immediately) Docket No. Ea-12- 050 All Power... immediately effective order issued to all operating boiling water reactor licensees with Mark I and Mark...

  1. FDI, licensing, e crescimento da produtividade total de fatores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Flavia Bonzaninit

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho analisamos os impactos de dois canais de transferência internacional de tecnologia, investimento direto estrangeiro e licenciamento (FDI e licensing, sobre o crescimento da produtividade total de fatores (TFP numa amostra de 88 países, para o período 1980-2006. Em relação a Pessoa (2008, trazemos aqui três contribuições originais: incluímos na especificação do modelo econométrico uma variável de composição dos fluxos estrangeiros de capital; nossa amostra compreende também países pobres e em desenvolvimento, e não só da OCDE; oferecemos um tratamento do problema de endogeneidade típico em regressões de crescimento tendo como variáveis explicativas medidas do tipo "abertura financeira" dos países.We analyze the impacts of two international technology transfer channels, foreign direct investment (FDI and licensing, on total factor productivity (TFP growth in a sample of 88 countries for the period 1980-2006. Comparing with Pessoa (2008, we bring here three original contributions: we include in the econometric model specification a variable which captures the composition of foreign capital flows; our sample comprises poor and developing countries too, not only OECD's; we offer a treatment for the typical endogeneity problem found in growth regressions which have as explanatory variables measures like countries' "financial openness".

  2. To License or Not to License Revisited: An Examination of State Statutes Regarding Private Investigators and Digital Examiners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Lonardo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available In this update to the previous year's study, the authors examine statutes that regulate, license, and enforce investigative functions in each US state. After identification and review of Private Investigator licensing requirements, the authors find that very few state statutes explicitly differentiate between Private Investigators and Digital Examiners. After contacting all state agencies the authors present a distinct grouping organizing state approaches to professional Digital Examiner licensing. The authors conclude that states must differentiate between Private Investigator and Digital Examiner licensing requirements and oversight.

  3. 77 FR 12578 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive Patent License; C&C Ventures, Doing Business as Randolph...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Navy Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive Patent License; C&C Ventures, Doing Business as... hereby gives notice of its intent to grant to C&C Ventures, doing business as Randolph Products,...

  4. / production

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    François Arleo; Pol-Bernard Gossiaux; Thierry Gousset; Jörg Aichelin

    2003-04-01

    For more than 25 years /Ψ production has helped to sharpen our understanding of QCD. In proton induced reaction some observations are rather well understood while others are still unclear. The current status of the theory of /Ψ production will be sketched, paying special attention to the issues of formation time and /Ψ re-interaction in a nuclear medium.

  5. Mock Site Licensing Demonstration Project. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roop, R.D.

    1986-06-01

    The Mock Site Licensing Demonstration Project developed the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Siting Simulation, a role-playing exercise designed to facilitate the process of siting and licensing disposal facilities for low-level waste (LLW). This report describes the development, contant, and usefulness of the siting simulation. The simulation was designed by Harvard University's Program on Negotiation; it can be conducted at a workshop or conference, involves 14 or more participants, and requires about eight hours to complete. The simulation consists of two sessions. In the first, participants negotiate the selection of siting criteria, and in the second, a preferred site for a facility is chosen from three candidate sites. The project sponsored two workshops (in Boston, Massachusetts and Richmond, Virginia) in which the simulation was conducted for persons involved in planning for LLW. It is concluded that the siting simulation can be useful in three ways: (1) as a tool for information dissemination, (2) as a vehicle that can foste communication among parties in conflict, and (3) as a step toward consensus building and conflict resolution. The DOE National Low-Level Waste Management Program is now making the siting simulation available for use by states, regional compacts, and other organizations involved in development of LLW disposal facilities.

  6. 78 FR 48435 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... 151 Avenue, Pembroke Pines, FL 33027, Officers: Michael L. DeBartolo, Managing Member (QI), Juan D. Restrepo, Member, Application Type: New NVO License. KYS Imports & Exports Inc. (NVO), 1938 Tyler Avenue..., Managing Member (QI), Oscar J. Alzate, Member, Application Type: New OFF License. MGL International...

  7. 76 FR 3636 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... NVO & OFF License. Marine Cargo Line, L.C. dba, Active Freight & Logistics (NVO), One Blue Hill...

  8. 78 FR 69852 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... Proprietor (QI), Application Type: Trade Name Change to Blue Ocean Express. United Harbour Logistics LLC (NVO... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a...

  9. 77 FR 49446 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 40901 of the Shipping...: 1416 Blue Hill Avenue, Boston, MA 02125. Date Reissued: June 26, 2012. Vern W. Hill, Director,...

  10. 78 FR 71611 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    .... Name: Blue Ocean Logistics Corporation dba B.O. Logistic Corp. Address: 2461 West 205th Street, Unit B... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked or terminated for...

  11. 75 FR 39529 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... & NVO License Blue Ocean Freight, Inc. dba Seaship Line (OFF & NVO), 250 Valley Street, 2F, Providence..., Secretary, Application Type: Add NVO Service and Trade Name Change Blue Ocean Shipping, Inc. dba Advanced... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the...

  12. 10 CFR 71.5 - Transportation of licensed material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transportation of licensed material. 71.5 Section 71.5 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL General Provisions § 71.5 Transportation of licensed material. (a) Each licensee who transports...

  13. 76 FR 10593 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ..., Application Type: QI Change. GC Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 79301 Country Club Drive, 104, Bermuda Dunes, CA 92203..., Application Type: New NVO License. KCTC International (America), Inc. dba World Bridge Line dba Green Shipping...: New NVO License. Pegasus3 Worldwide Logistics, LLC (NVO & OFF), 59 Grove Street, Stoughton, MA...

  14. 75 FR 65017 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... Global Logistics Inc. Address: 100 North Hill Drive, 16, Brisbane, CA 94005. Date Revoked: September 18...: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 020931NF. Name: Good One Logistics Inc. Address: 1001... maintain valid bonds. License Number: 021040N. Name: Green Line Global International Corporation....

  15. 77 FR 48997 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ... friendly Intuitive interface Development Stage: Prototype Inventors: Yanling Liu, Jack Collins, Curtis... Tool. Patent protection is not being pursued for this technology. Licensing Contact: Michael Shmilovich... Tool. Patent protection is not being pursued for this technology. Licensing Contact: Tara L. Kirby,...

  16. 22 CFR 120.21 - Manufacturing license agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturing license agreement. 120.21 Section 120.21 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.21 Manufacturing license agreement. An agreement (e.g., contract) whereby a U.S....

  17. 76 FR 22104 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Individual), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Kinetix International Logistics, LLC (OFF), 5400 Shawnee..., Application Type: Add NVO Service ADM Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 4666 Faries Parkway, Decatur, IL 62526..., Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Amass International Group (New York) Inc. (NVO), Cargo Bldg. 75,...

  18. 75 FR 46939 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... bond. License Number: 021413N. Name: C&C International Logistics Inc. Address: 99 West Hawthorne Avenue... Number: 8904F. Name: Port Jersey Shipping International Inc. Address: 268 Seaview Avenue, Jersey City, NJ... bond. License Number: 018628N. Name: Master Global Logistics, Inc. Address: 758 South Glasgow...

  19. 78 FR 17206 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ...: Gamma International Logistics Inc. dba Logistix Container Line. Address: 9700 NW 17th Street, Miami, FL... International Cargo Corp. Address: 7500 NW 25th Street, Unit 7, Miami, FL 33122. Date Revoked: February 28, 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 16044F. Name: Atlas International Freight...

  20. 76 FR 22106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... valid bond. License Number: 018088N. Name: ILS-International Logistics Solutions, Inc. Address: 1345... International Shipping, Inc. Address: 2358 W. Devon Avenue, Chicago, IL 60659. Date Revoked: March 31, 2011.... License Number: 021929N. Name: American Royal International, Inc. Address: 1021 Washington Street,...

  1. 75 FR 40837 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ...), Virgil Hale, President, Application Type: New OFF License. AFL International Logistics Group LLC (NVO..., Director, Application Type: New OFF License. Direct Service Inc. dba Tiger Freight International... Name Change. Jupiter Airline Services, Inc. dba Mercury Logistics (NVO), 5456 McConnell Avenue,...

  2. Equal Opportunity for Children (A Proposal for Licensed Parenthood).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Cosby S.; Hicks, Mary W.

    A theoretical proposal for a government-sponsored system of licensed parenthood is suggested, based on the premise that overpopulation, child abuse, and emotional, intellectual, and physical handicaps in children could be controlled through legislation. The three-part legislative proposal for licensed parenthood outlined would include: (1)…

  3. Recasting Licensing in Social Work: Something More for Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grise-Owens, Erlene; Owens, Larry W.; Miller, Justin Jay

    2016-01-01

    Abraham Flexner contended that "something more than a degree or claim" is needed to make a profession. He further asserted that the definitions of a profession require recasting over time. This article critically considers recasting licensing as something more for social work. Analysis of past and present discourse on licensing in social…

  4. 22 CFR 123.3 - Temporary import licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.3 Temporary import licenses. (a) A license (DSP-61) issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is required for the temporary import and subsequent export of unclassified defense articles, unless exempted from this requirement pursuant to § 123.4. This requirement applies to:...

  5. 22 CFR 123.25 - Amendments to licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendments to licenses. 123.25 Section 123.25 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF...; and change of foreign intermediate consignee if that party is only transporting the equipment and...

  6. License - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ...me and URL of this database (http://dbarchive.lifesciencedb.jp/english/en/plabrain-db/desc.html) in the arti...se Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us License - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive ...

  7. 76 FR 72982 - Cable Statutory License: Specialty Station List; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... the Federal Register on November 8, 2011 at 76 FR 69288: On page 69289, WNYA-CA, Albany, NY was... Copyright Office Cable Statutory License: Specialty Station List; Correction AGENCY: Copyright Office... use of the cable compulsory license. In response to the publication of an initial list of...

  8. 10 CFR 50.82 - Termination of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Termination of license. 50.82 Section 50.82 Energy NUCLEAR... consistent with the definition of decommissioning in § 50.2; (B) The expenditure would not reduce the value... approval of the license termination plan, demonstrate that the facility and site have met the criteria...

  9. Experimental investigations of the licensing of NPIs in English

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spenader, Jennifer; Rado, Janina; Richter, Frank; Hoeksema, Jack; Gilbers, Dicky

    2014-01-01

    In an experimental investigation of NPIs and their licensing conditions in German, Richter & Radó (2013) showed that Weak Licensors can partially license Strong NPIs. In two experiments we investigate these results for English. In Experiment 1 we empirically identify 16 Strong and 16 Weak NPIs by ex

  10. 76 FR 71591 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... SECURITY Bureau of Customs and Border Protection Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Customs broker... Federal Regulations at section 111.30(d), the following Customs broker licenses are revoked...

  11. 78 FR 48457 - Correction of Document Revoking Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Correction of Document Revoking Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Correction of document revoking certain customs broker licenses. SUMMARY: In a notice published in the Federal Register...

  12. 76 FR 65742 - Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses AGENCY: U.S. Customs and... section 641 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, (19 U.S.C. 1641) and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulations (19 CFR 111.51(b)), the following Customs broker licenses and all associated...

  13. 76 FR 554 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... Individual), Oscar Espinosa, President. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Frontline Cargo Logistics.... 84th Avenue, Doral, FL 33166. Officers: Manuel J. Rojas, Vice President/Secretary/Treasurer (Qualifying Individual), Annette M. Diaz-Rojas, President. Application Type: License Transfer. Quartz Logistics Inc....

  14. 76 FR 36551 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing... antibodies against GPC3 and their use, either by themselves or as the targeting domain for an immunotoxin... commercialize monoclonal antibodies and immunoconjugates targeting malignant mesotheliomas. Please contact...

  15. Licensing Trends for Construction of New Nuclear Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Bae-Hyeuk; Ahn, Kyu-Suk; Kim, Young-Gyun; Kim, Tae-Wan; Baek, Jong-Hyuk [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Currently in Korea, an SFR (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor) technology proving stage reactor called PGSFR (Prototype Gen-IV SFR) is being developed by KAERI and KEPCO E and C to be constructed by 2028. After the accident of the Fukushima nuclear power plants, how to regulate and license newly developing nuclear reactors requiring higher safety goals has been issued. As a result, in leading nuclear nations developing new reactors, the close cooperation between the developer and the regulator is becoming very important. In this study, the licensing processes of leading nuclear countries were surveyed and compared with that of Korea, and a new licensing direction for PGSFR was suggested. Reviewing licensing processes for newly developing reactors of other countries, the first step of the licensing process is the pre-safety review, which is to review the reactor design. This process is not legally binding, but is a review process for a better understanding of newly applied technologies by regulators prior to starting the legally binding licensing process as the construction and operation licensing. This process provides an opportunity for the reactor developer to adopt the regulator's licensing direction and a goal to designing newly developing reactors to meet the safety requirements.

  16. 76 FR 67763 - Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ...) 604-2767. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert M. Padilla, Chief Patent Counsel, Office of Chief... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Notice of Intent To Grant Exclusive License AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of intent to grant exclusive license. SUMMARY: This notice is issued in...

  17. 19 CFR 111.37 - Misuse of license or permit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Misuse of license or permit. 111.37 Section 111.37 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Duties and Responsibilities of Customs Brokers § 111.37 Misuse of license...

  18. 19 CFR 111.13 - Written examination for individual license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Procedure To Obtain License or Permit § 111.13 Written examination... broker. A special written examination for an individual may also be authorized by Customs if a brokerage... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written examination for individual license....

  19. 19 CFR 360.103 - Automatic issuance of import licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... licenses will be issued to registered importers, customs brokers or their agents through an automatic steel... accuracy of the submitted data. (3) Upon completion of the form, the importer, customs broker or the... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automatic issuance of import licenses....

  20. 19 CFR 111.11 - Basic requirements for a license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Procedure To Obtain License or Permit § 111.11 Basic requirements for... incorporation to transact customs business as a broker; and (2) Have at least one officer who is a broker. ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Basic requirements for a license. 111.11...

  1. How Much are Flexibility and Uncertainty Worth in Patent Licensing?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Oriani, Raffaele; Reichstein, Toke

    2015-01-01

    As patent licensing has become the prime driver of technology trade, understanding the rationales behind a properly-defined payment structure of the agreements is essential. Specifically, among the other remuneration components, upfront fees are critical in license negotiations since they imply a...

  2. Phenomenological Study of Special Education Teachers Using an Emergency License

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alborn-Yilek, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of special education teachers is critical. One means used to increase the supply of available teachers is to issue an emergency license to teachers not fully certified in special education. This is a phenomenological study of four general education teachers practicing special education using an emergency license. Their experience is…

  3. 76 FR 45838 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing... targeting of treatment Targeted treatment decreases non-specific killing of healthy, essential...

  4. 10 CFR 52.103 - Operation under a combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...). If the combined license is for a modular design, each reactor module may require a separate finding... Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR... loading of fuel into the reactor, whichever is later. (f) A petition to modify the terms and conditions...

  5. 47 CFR 13.211 - Commercial radio operator license examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commercial radio operator license examination. 13.211 Section 13.211 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS Examination System § 13.211 Commercial radio operator license examination. (a) Each session...

  6. 47 CFR 13.5 - Licensed commercial radio operator required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Licensed commercial radio operator required. 13.5 Section 13.5 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS General § 13.5 Licensed commercial radio operator required. Rules that require FCC...

  7. Quest for a global standard for geo-data licenses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Loenen, B.; Janssen, K.; Welle Donker, F.M.

    2012-01-01

    The ability to share geo‐data is key to the success of spatial data infrastructures. A major barrier in sharing geo‐data is the use of non‐standard Licenses which are difficult to understand both for human beings and computers. This article compares existing (national and international) licensing fr

  8. 76 FR 49777 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES: Licensing... chemotherapy. The researchers have developed a quantitative antibody-based testing method for...

  9. 10 CFR 30.32 - Application for specific licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MATERIAL Licenses § 30.32 Application for specific licenses. (a) A person may file an application on NRC... maintaining the equipment. (vi) Assessment of releases. A brief description of the methods and equipment to... shutdown. A brief description of the means of restoring the facility to a safe condition after an...

  10. 10 CFR 40.31 - Application for specific licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Application for specific licenses. (a) A person may file an application for specific license on NRC Form 313... equipment. (vi) Assessment of releases. A brief description of the methods and equipment to assess releases... description of the means of restoring the facility to a safe condition after an accident. (xii)...

  11. 78 FR 48870 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ..., Vice President, Application Type: New OFF License. Supply Chain Shipping LLC (OFF), 4607 44th Street SE..., FL 33126, Officer: Jorge L. Roa, President (QI), Application Type: NVO & OFF License. Kesco Logistics..., Application Type: Add Trade Name Daimon Logistics USA. Logistics International Parcel Shipping Transport...

  12. 76 FR 68225 - License Renewal Application for Purdue University

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... licensee) to operate the Purdue University Reactor (PUR-1) at a maximum steady-state thermal power of 1... operate PUR-1 up to a steady- state thermal power of 12.5 kW (thermal) for an additional 20 years from the... License No. R- 087 for the PUR-1. Because the license renewal application was filed at least thirty...

  13. 77 FR 64315 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S. Provisional Patent...

  14. 77 FR 55465 - US Air Force Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... Department of the Air Force US Air Force Exclusive Patent License AGENCY: Air Force Research Laboratory... an Exclusive Patent License. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of part 404 of Title 37, Code of... interest the United States Air Force has in: U.S. Patent No. 8,051,475, filed on March 27, 2007 and...

  15. 77 FR 65673 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR 404.7(a)(1)(i... and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S. Patent Application No....

  16. 77 FR 38771 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Prospective Grant of Exclusive Patent License AGENCY... of exclusive patent license. SUMMARY: This is a notice in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 209(e) and 37 CFR... territories, possessions and commonwealths, to NIST's interest in the invention embodied in U.S....

  17. 25 CFR 141.13 - Amusement company licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amusement company licenses. 141.13 Section 141.13 Indians... NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Licensing Requirements and Procedures § 141.13 Amusement company... companies where the contract between the tribe and the amusement company provides for the payment of a...

  18. Commitment of Licensed Social Workers to Aging Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Kelsey; Bonifas, Robin; Gammonley, Denise

    2011-01-01

    This study sought to identify client, professional, and employment characteristics that enhance licensed social workers' commitment to aging practice. A series of binary logistic regressions were performed using data from 181 licensed, full-time social workers who reported aging as their primary specialty area as part of the 2004 NASW's national…

  19. 42 CFR 431.706 - Composition of licensing board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.706 Composition of licensing board. (a) The board must be... institutions may not have a direct financial interest in any nursing home. (b) For purposes of this...

  20. 76 FR 38651 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ..., (Qualifying Individual), Uri D. Silver, President, Application Type: QI Change. ICT International Cargo... applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...). Notice is also hereby given of the filing of applications to amend an existing OTI license or...

  1. License - AcEST | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us AcEST Lice...e terms and conditions of the Standard License and the Additional License described below. The Standard License specifies the lice...ements you must follow in using this database. The Additional License specifies those items that are excepti...onally permitted even though they are generally prohibited in the Standard License. Standard License The Standard Lice...nse for this database is the license specified in the Creative Commons

  2. 37 CFR 404.5 - Restrictions and conditions on all licenses granted under this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT OWNED INVENTIONS... make the benefits of the invention reasonably accessible to the public. (6) The license shall...

  3. Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    The Non-Power Reactor Operator Licensing Examiner Standards provide policy and guidance to NRC examiners and establish the procedures and practices for examining and licensing of applicants for NRC operator licenses pursuant to Part 55 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 55). They are intended to assist NRC examiners and facility licensees to understand the examination process better and to provide for equitable and consistent administration of examinations to all applicants by NRC examiners. These standards are not a substitute for the operator licensing regulations and are subject to revision or other internal operator examination licensing policy changes. As appropriate, these standards will be revised periodically to accommodate comments and reflect new information or experience.

  4. 76 FR 22912 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS. ACTION: General...

  5. 76 FR 44033 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of...

  6. 75 FR 11899 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland...

  7. 77 FR 45648 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... [Federal Register Volume 77, Number 148 (Wednesday, August 1, 2012)] [Notices] [Page 45648] [FR Doc No: 2012-18740] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and...

  8. 77 FR 16249 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of...

  9. 76 FR 2918 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of...

  10. Hypothesis: how licensed vaccines confer protective immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, J B; Schneerson, R; Szu, S C

    1996-01-01

    By examining experience with evaluation of licensed vaccines we theorize that a critical level of serum IgG confers protection against infectious diseases by killing or inactivating the inoculum. We found that efficacy is reliably predicted by measurement of serum antibodies elicited by vaccines, that serum IgG antibodies alone account for the protection conferred by passive immunization, that vaccine-induced "herd" immunity is best explained by inactivation of the inoculum on epithelial surfaces by serum antibodies and that serum antibodies induced by active immunization will neither treat disease symptoms nor eliminate the pathogen. If valid, this theory should facilitate research because knowledge of the pathogenesis of the disease symptoms may not be essential for vaccine development.

  11. Licensing the ACR-700 in the USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langman, V.; Ion, R. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada); Reid, C. [Bechtel Power Corporation, San Fransisco, California (United States); Snell, V. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

    2003-07-01

    Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (AECL), via its 100% owned US subsidiary AECL Technologies Inc., is performing a pre-application review of the Advanced CANDU Reactor (ACR) with the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). Completion of this pre-application review by mid-2004, is in support of an application to the USNRC for Standard Design Certification that is targeted for the fall of 2004. The intent of the pre-application review is to deal up-front with potential issues associated with the CANDU reactor genealogy of the ACR that are different from the Light Water Reactor (LWR) and Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) regulatory framework in the USA. The focus of the paper will be to describe the pre-application review process currently underway with the NRC staff. In the context of the pre-application review this paper will provide an overview of the licensing approach being used to introduce the ACR-700 to the USA. (author)

  12. Pricing of Licenses on CERN Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Eide, V; Gaivoronski, Alexei; Huuse, H; Streit-Bianchi, M; Le Goff, J M

    2006-01-01

    This Master thesis develops a framework for the pricing of licenses on technology, suitable for a Technology Transfer (TT) context that is characterized by a goal of dissemination, early-stage technologies, limited market information, and great variations between technologies. The chosen context is defined by comparing the policy and the specificity of the initial recipient, CERN, to other public research institutions, thereby aiming at the development of a general framework. A conceptual model of the framework is thereafter developed to accommodate considerations of all the indicated characteristics through three main subparts: 1)~the target price, 2)~the walk-away point, and 3)~the royalty structure. For estimation of a suitable target price, valuation methodologies from academic and business literature are reviewed and discussed with regard to their suitability for the chosen TT context, thus selecting six methods of different approaches and varying information dependency. A method for quantifying the appr...

  13. Does license disqualification reduce reoffence rates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siskind, V

    1996-07-01

    A review was conducted of the subsequent driving records of over 25,000 Queensland drivers cited for a drink driving offence in 1988 who received at least one subsequent license restriction. The interval of follow-up was at least 3 years, average 3.9 years. Periods of driving disqualification were identified and, for each driver, the total amount of time during restricted and unrestricted driving was computed; the numbers of events, i.e. crashes and traffic offences, recorded during these periods were counted. Rates under disqualification and during legal driving, expressed per thousand person-years were derived by dividing total numbers of events by total time during which they could occur. Three categories of traffic violation were considered: drink driving offences; traffic offences unassociated with drink driving, and any offence involving driving. Since only 12% of the offenders and 9% of the reoffenders were female, detailed analyses are presented for men only; results for women were little different. Statistical inference assumed a Poisson model for crashes and a negative binomial model for offences, and analyses were performed after stratification by number of drink driving offences. Calculated rates during periods of disqualification were about one third of the rates during legal driving for crashes and all three categories of traffic offence, ranging from 25% in the case of unassociated offences to 35% for any driving offence. There were differences, some statistically significant, by age and between metropolitan, provincial city and rural regions of the State, but most were relatively minor. Drivers were apprehended more frequently earlier in the disqualification period than later. It is impossible from these data to distinguish between reduced driving levels and more cautious traffic behaviour during periods of license restriction. It is nonetheless clear that while such penalties are in operation, they substantially reduce the negative impact of

  14. A Robust and Efficient Approach to License Plate Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Yule; Zou, Wenbin; Zhao, Yong; Wang, Xinan; Hu, Xuefeng; Komodakis, Nikos

    2017-03-01

    This paper presents a robust and efficient method for license plate detection with the purpose of accurately localizing vehicle license plates from complex scenes in real time. A simple yet effective image downscaling method is first proposed to substantially accelerate license plate localization without sacrificing detection performance compared with that achieved using the original image. Furthermore, a novel line density filter approach is proposed to extract candidate regions, thereby significantly reducing the area to be analyzed for license plate localization. Moreover, a cascaded license plate classifier based on linear support vector machines using color saliency features is introduced to identify the true license plate from among the candidate regions. For performance evaluation, a data set consisting of 3977 images captured from diverse scenes under different conditions is also presented. Extensive experiments on the widely used Caltech license plate data set and our newly introduced data set demonstrate that the proposed approach substantially outperforms state-of-the-art methods in terms of both detection accuracy and run-time efficiency, increasing the detection ratio from 91.09% to 96.62% while decreasing the run time from 672 to 42 ms for processing an image with a resolution of 1082×728 . The executable code and our collected data set are publicly available.

  15. 75 FR 68802 - Report on the Performance of Drug and Biologics Firms in Conducting Postmarketing Requirements...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... clinical safety, clinical efficacy, clinical pharmacology, and nonclinical toxicology study/clinical trial... therapeutic products formerly regulated by CBER into CDER. Consequently, CDER now reviews many BLAs....

  16. 77 FR 13339 - Report on the Performance of Drug and Biologics Firms in Conducting Postmarketing Requirements...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... clinical safety, clinical efficacy, clinical pharmacology, and nonclinical toxicology study/clinical trial... completed a consolidation of certain therapeutic products formerly regulated by CBER into CDER....

  17. 76 FR 47211 - Report on the Performance of Drug and Biologics Firms in Conducting Postmarketing Requirements...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ..., clinical efficacy, clinical pharmacology, and nonclinical toxicology study/clinical trial either required... consolidation of certain therapeutic products formerly regulated by CBER into CDER. Consequently, CDER...

  18. Human capital development and a Social License to Operate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smits, Coco; Justinussen, Jens Christian Svabo; Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø

    2016-01-01

    of a Social License to Operate addresses the acceptance of an activity by local communities and other stakeholders. This manuscript explores the role human capital development in obtaining and maintaining a Social License to Operate in Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. As trust and legitimacy...... are the two fundamental principles on which a Social License to Operate is based, these are being examined more closely. On the basis of three case studies, this manuscript explores how human capital development can contribute to the legitimacy of Arctic energy development and trust building between various...

  19. Automated License Plate Recognition for Toll Booth Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketan S. Shevale

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Smart Vehicle Screening System, which can be installed into a tollbooth for automated recognition of vehicle license plate information using a photograph of a vehicle. An automated system could then be implemented to control the payment of fees, parking areas, highways, bridges or tunnels, etc. There are considered an approach to identify vehicle through recognizing of it license plate using image fusion, neural networks and threshold techniques as well as some experimental results to recognize the license plate successfully.

  20. A process framework and typology for software product updaters.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, R.L.; Brinkkemper, S.; Ballintijn, G.C.

    2004-01-01

    Product software is constantly evolving through extensions, maintenance, changing requirements, changes in configuration settings, and changing licensing information. Managing evolution of released and deployed product software is a complex and often underestimated problem that has been the cause of

  1. 9 CFR 103.3 - Shipment of experimental biological products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Only—Not For Sale,” or equivalent. The U.S. Veterinary License legend shall not appear on such labels... product and for maintaining records of the quantities of experimental product prepared, shipped and...

  2. A Process Model and Typology for Software Product Updaters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, R.L.; Brinkkemper, S.; Ballintijn, G.

    2005-01-01

    Product software is constantly evolving through extensions, maintenance, changing requirements, changes in configuration settings, and changing licensing information. Managing evolution of released and deployed product software is a complex and often underestimated problem that has been the cause of

  3. 7 CFR 800.174 - Issuance and possession of licenses and authorizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... possession of licenses and authorizations. (a) Scope of licenses and authorizations. Subject to the... more services specified in this paragraph. (1) Official samplers. Individuals employed by an agency or...) Licensed warehouse samplers. Elevator or warehouse employees may be licensed to sample grain and...

  4. 48 CFR 252.227-7007 - License term-running royalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term-running... of Provisions And Clauses 252.227-7007 License term—running royalty. As prescribed at 227.7009-4(b), insert the following clause in patent releases, license agreements, and assignments: License...

  5. 78 FR 53791 - Draft Program-Specific Guidance About Irradiator Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is revising its licensing guidance for irradiator licenses. The NRC is requesting public comment on draft NUREG-1556, Volume 6, Revision 1, ``Consolidated Guidance about Materials Licenses: Program-Specific Guidance about 10 CFR Part 36 Irradiator Licenses.'' The document has been updated from the previous revision to include safety culture,......

  6. 75 FR 74640 - International Fisheries; South Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Procedures To Request Licenses and a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... engaged in ``joint venture'' arrangements designed to maximize the benefits generated for the PIPs. The... between joint venture licenses (licenses for fishing activities designed to maximize the benefits... for the two license types. (2) To obtain approval from NMFS for a joint venture license, in...

  7. 47 CFR 90.665 - Authorization, construction and implementation of MTA licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of MTA licenses. 90.665 Section 90.665 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.665 Authorization, construction and implementation of MTA licenses. (a) MTA licenses in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band will...

  8. An exploration of compulsory licensing as an effective policy tool for antiretroviral drugs in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Dipika; Darrow, Jonathan J

    2013-01-01

    Access to affordable drugs for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and other diseases is increasingly challenging in many developing countries such as Brazil, South Africa, and India. These challenges are in part the result of strengthened patent laws mandated by the 1994 Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) treaty. However, there are underutilized instruments within TRIPS that governments can use to limit the adverse effects of patent protection and thereby ensure a supply of affordable generic drugs to their people. One such instrument is compulsory licensing, which allows generic manufacturers to produce pharmaceutical products that are currently subject to patent protection. Compulsory licensing has been used by a number of countries in the last few years, including the United States, Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, and Thailand, and is particularly significant for countries such as India, where large numbers of people are infected with HIV. This Article explores the feasibility of compulsory licensing as a tool to facilitate access to essential medicines within the current patent regime in India, drawing on the experiences of other countries.

  9. Uranium-Loaded Water Treatment Resins: 'Equivalent Feed' at NRC and Agreement State-Licensed Uranium Recovery Facilities - 12094

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camper, Larry W.; Michalak, Paul; Cohen, Stephen; Carter, Ted [Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Community Water Systems (CWSs) are required to remove uranium from drinking water to meet EPA standards. Similarly, mining operations are required to remove uranium from their dewatering discharges to meet permitted surface water discharge limits. Ion exchange (IX) is the primary treatment strategy used by these operations, which loads uranium onto resin beads. Presently, uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be disposed as a waste product or processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities if that licensed facility has applied for and received permission to process 'alternate feed'. The disposal of uranium-loaded resin is costly and the cost to amend a uranium recovery license to accept alternate feed can be a strong disincentive to commercial uranium recovery facilities. In response to this issue, the NRC issued a Regulatory Issue Summary (RIS) to clarify the agency's policy that uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities without the need for an alternate feed license amendment when these resins are essentially the same, chemically and physically, to resins that licensed uranium recovery facilities currently use (i.e., equivalent feed). NRC staff is clarifying its current alternate feed policy to declare IX resins as equivalent feed. This clarification is necessary to alleviate a regulatory and financial burden on facilities that filter uranium using IX resin, such as CWSs and mine dewatering operations. Disposing of those resins in a licensed facility could be 40 to 50 percent of the total operations and maintenance (O and M) cost for a CWS. Allowing uranium recovery facilities to treat these resins without requiring a license amendment lowers O and M costs and captures a valuable natural resource. (authors)

  10. Spatial service delivery system for smart licensing & enforcement management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahap, N. A.; Ismail, N. M.; Nor, N. M.; Ahmad, N.; Omar, M. F.; Termizi, A. A. A.; Zainal, D.; Noordin, N. M.; Mansor, S.

    2016-06-01

    Spatial information has introduced a new sense of urgency for a better understanding of the public needs in term of what, when and where they need services and through which devices, platform or physical locations they need them. The objective of this project is to value- add existing license management process for business premises which comes under the responsibility of Local Authority (PBT). Manipulation of geospatial and tracing technology via mobile platform allows enforcement officers to work in real-time, use a standardized system, improve service delivery, and optimize operation management. This paper will augment the scope and capabilities of proposed concept namely, Smart Licensing/Enforcement Management (SLEm). It will review the current licensing and enforcement practice of selected PBT in comparison to the enhanced method. As a result, the new enhanced system is expected to offer a total solution for licensing/enforcement management whilst increasing efficiency and transparency for smart city management and governance.

  11. A Malaysian Vehicle License Plate Localization and Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganapathy Velappa

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Technological intelligence is a highly sought after commodity even in traffic-based systems. These intelligent systems do not only help in traffic monitoring but also in commuter safety, law enforcement and commercial applications. In this paper, a license plate localization and recognition system for vehicles in Malaysia is proposed. This system is developed based on digital images and can be easily applied to commercial car park systems for the use of documenting access of parking services, secure usage of parking houses and also to prevent car theft issues. The proposed license plate localization algorithm is based on a combination of morphological processes with a modified Hough Transform approach and the recognition of the license plates is achieved by the implementation of the feed-forward backpropagation artificial neural network. Experimental results show an average of 95% successful license plate localization and recognition in a total of 589 images captured from a complex outdoor environment.

  12. 77 FR 60434 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ....: 020088F. Name: Hal-Mari International Logistics, Inc. Address: 9122 Telephone Road, Houston, TX 77075..., 2012. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License No.: 021221NF. Name: Trans-System Logistics,...

  13. 78 FR 53456 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ....: 018461N. Name: Select Aircargo Services, Inc. dba PAC International Logistics Company. Address: 12801...: July 16, 2013. License No.: 018392N. Name: Broom U.S.A., Inc. dba Transcontinental Logistics Neutral...

  14. 75 FR 17744 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... a Valid Bond. License Number: 004553N. Name: Marianas Steamship Agencies, Inc. DBA MSA Logistics. Address: Commercial Port Annex, 2nd Floor, 1010 Cabras Highway, Piti, Guam 96915. Date Revoked: March...

  15. 78 FR 38336 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... Express, LLC (NVO & OFF), 812 Downtowner Blvd., Suite K, Mobile, AL 36609, Officers: Thomas (Mac) H. Mc... License. Magnum-Ramstr Cargo LLC (NVO & OFF), 2 Ethel Road, Suite 202C, Edison, NJ 08817,...

  16. License - Society Catalog | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ...se Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us License - Society Catalog | LSDB Archive ...

  17. 78 FR 3437 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.... [PMID 18338778] 2. Nandy K, et al. Automatic nuclei segmentation and spatial FISH analysis for...

  18. 7 CFR 46.7 - Issuance of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Licenses §...

  19. 7 CFR 46.8 - Copies of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Licenses § 46.8...

  20. 77 FR 13604 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... 149 Court, Miami, FL 33194, Officer: Robert Esquivel, President/Secretary/Treasurer (Qualifying... Type: New NVO & OFF License. Dated: March 2, 2012. Karen V. Gregory, Secretary. BILLING CODE 6730-01-P...

  1. 76 FR 31616 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... indicated licensing contact at the Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health, 6011... endogenous heat that facilitates local thrombolytic drug release. The thermosensitive liposome can also be... capture of a reentering guidewire during transcatheter cerclage annuloplasty. The wire mesh...

  2. 10 CFR 110.20 - General license information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... time remove a country from a general license in response to significant adverse developments in the... expediting U.S. Customs Service's processing of the shipment. (f) As specified in §§ 110.21 through...

  3. 75 FR 22408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... License. Damco USA Inc. dba Damco Sea and Air dba Damco dba Damco Maritime dba DSL Star Express dba Maersk... Logistics LLC dba JSK Lines (OFF & NVO), 4 Wernik Place, Metuchen, NJ 08840. Officers: Norbert G....

  4. 77 FR 40073 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... immune receptors and other immune molecules (cytokines, etc.) targeting multiple tumor antigens. A... of treatment agents could have significant public health and market impact. Potential...

  5. Licensing and Environmental Issues of Wave Energy Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neumann, Frank; Tedd, James; Prado, Miguel;

    2006-01-01

    The major non-technical barrier for large-scale wave energy implementation is the wide range of licensing issues and potential environmental concerns, in addition to significant National/regional differences in licensing procedures and permit requirements. Whereas some pilot plants have had...... a special standing or facilitated access to operating licenses due to their experimental character, the move of wave energy projects towards commercial applications implies complex procedures for obtaining licenses both with respect to the construction and deployment and operation phases, as well....... Different National settings and traditional use of ocean space, as well as different levels of advance in terms of legislation and procedural effectiveness make it extremely difficult to set out implementation strategies for ocean wave energy technologies. The paper includes a brief experience review from...

  6. 7 CFR 1530.104 - Application for a license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... any wholly-owned subsidiary(s) and plant(s) in the case of a consolidated license, and including those... affiliated with any other licensee, or explaining any affiliations, should they exist. (b) A...

  7. 77 FR 69866 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-21

    ... Dec 2010. Licensing Contact: Tara L. Kirby. Ph.D.; 301-435-4426; tarak@mail.nih.gov . Treatment for.... Inventors: Peter M Steinert, Nemes Zoltan, Lyuben N Marckov (NIAMS). Publications: 1. Candi E, et...

  8. Licensing arrangements and the development of the solar energy industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, M.

    1979-06-01

    The process by which technology and information related to technology are transferred within industry is explored. Property rights in technology are part of the broader field of intellectual property. The general contours of legal protection for knowledge are explored. The four basic forms of intellectual property - patents, trade secrets (or know-how), trademarks, and copyrights - are covered in varying degrees of depth, depending on their relative applicability to the development of the solar industry. Once this background has been established, the legal aspects of licensing are examined. A license is a legal arrangement whereby a party (licensor) who controls the right to use an idea, invention, etc. shares the right to use the particular intellectual property with someone else (licensee). The advantages and disadvantages of licensing are described from the point of view of potential licensees and licensors. Barriers to licensing are discussed.

  9. 78 FR 21365 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Container Line (NVO & OFF), 510 Plaza Drive, Suite 1210, Atlanta, GA 30349, Officers: John J. Laird... Officer (QI), Rosemary Myers, CEO, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Full Hull Logistics, LLC...

  10. 77 FR 40882 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ...: 019456N. Name: Global Galan Logistics Inc. Address: 3132 SW 173rd Terrace, Miramar, FL 33029. Date Revoked.... License Number: 021186NF. Name: U.S. Xpress, Inc. dba Xpress Network Solutions. Address: 4080 Jenkins...

  11. 77 FR 45610 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ....gov . Access Supply Chain Services LLC (NVO), 65 West 5th Avenue 415, San Mateo, CA 94402, Officer...), Thomas C. Sasser, Treasurer, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Green Shipping, Inc. (NVO &...

  12. 76 FR 25690 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Eastern Express (NVO), 10717 Camino Ruiz, 119, San Diego, CA 92126, Officers: Alex O. De Guzman, President..., (Qualifying Individual), Juan A. Peralta, President, Application Type: New NVO License. Genex Logistics,...

  13. 47 CFR 27.1207 - BTA license authorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....1207 BTA license authorization. (a) Winning bidders must file an application (FCC Form 601) for an... quiet zones under § 1.924 of this chapter. (2) Any antenna structure that requires notification to...

  14. 78 FR 14792 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ..., Secaucus, NJ 07094. Officer: Cesar E. Quinones, Sole Proprietor (QI). Application Type: New NVO License Denizabel Shipping, Inc. (OFF), 19558 NW 50th Court, Miami, FL 33055. Officer: Isabel Ramirez, President...

  15. 47 CFR 22.221 - Eligibility for partitioned licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Licensing Requirements and Procedures Competitive Bidding Procedures § 22.221... short-form applications and for submitting upfront payments and down payments contained in this...

  16. 77 FR 3773 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... Limited (NVO), F-35/3, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase II, New Delhi 110020 India. Officers: Parveen Mehta... F. Atari, President (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Dated:...

  17. 2012 Economic Survey of Gulf State Shrimp License Holders

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This mail survey collected economic data on inshore commercial shrimp fishermen who held licenses to commercially harvest shrimp in state waters of the U.S. Gulf of...

  18. Farsi License Plate Detection and Recognition Based on Characters Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedigheh Ghofrani

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a license plate detection and recognition system for Iranian private cars is implemented. The proposed license plate localization algorithm is based on region elements analysis which works properly independent of distance (how far a vehicle is, rotation (angle between camera and vehicle, and contrast (being dirty, reflected, or deformed. In addition, more than one car may exist in the image. The proposed method extracts edges and then determines the candidate regions by applying window movement. The region elements analysis includes binarization, character analysis, character continuity analysis and character parallelism analysis. After detecting license plates, we estimate the rotation angle and try to compensate it. In order to identify a detected plate, every character should be recognized. For this purpose, we present 25 features and use them as the input to an artificial neural network classifier. The experimental results show that our proposed method achieves appropriate performance for both detection and recognition of the Iranian license plates.

  19. Automatic Vehicle License Recognition Based on Video Vehicular Detection System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhaoxuan; CHEN Yang; HE Yinghua; WU Jun

    2006-01-01

    Traditional methods of license character extraction cannot meet the requirements of recognition accuracy and speed rendered by the video vehicular detection system.Therefore, a license plate localization method based on multi-scale edge detection and a character segmentation algorithm based on Markov random field model is presented.Results of experiments demonstrate that the method yields more accurate license character extraction in contrast to traditional localization method based on edge detection by difference operator and character segmentation based on threshold.The accuracy increases from 90% to 94% under preferable illumination, while under poor condition, it increases more than 5%.When the two improved algorithms are used, the accuracy and speed of automatic license recognition meet the system's requirement even under the noisy circumstance or uneven illumination.

  20. 77 FR 35384 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... aka John Chen, President, Application Type: License Transfer JP Express Shipping, Corp. (NVO), 1873... Warehousing, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1855 Gateway Blvd., 250, Concord, CA 94520, Officers: Steven T. Rubin,...

  1. 76 FR 34993 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    .... License Number: 17318NF. Name: South Florida Auto Terminal Incorporated. Address: 901 Old Griffin Road..., LLC. Address: 10 Florida Park Drive N., Suite D-1A, Palm Coast, FL 32137. Date Revoked: May 23,...

  2. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... Global Group, Inc. dba Aerocosta Global Systems Inc. (NVO), 2463 208th Street, 205, Torrance, CA 90501... Proprietor (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO License Praxis SCM, LLC (NVO & OFF),...

  3. 75 FR 28250 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ...), 8201 NW 66th Street, 6, Miami, FL 33166. Officers: Luis A. Marquez, President, (Qualifying Individual). Maria A. Garcia, Secretary. Application Type: New OFF License. Miriam Family Cargo, Inc. (NVO), 18...

  4. Development of licensing process for SMART-P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Jong Chull; Yune, Young Gill; Kim, Woong Sik (and others)

    2004-06-15

    The basic design of System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor (SMART), a small-to-medium sized integral type pressurized water reactor (PWR) with the capacity of 330MWth, has been developed in Korea. Presently, for the purpose of demonstrating the safety and performance of the SMART design, 'Development Project of SMART-P (SMART-Pilot Plant)' is being performed as one of the 'National Mid and Long-term Atomic Energy R and D Programs', which includes design, construction, and start-up operation of the SMART-P with the capacity of 65MWth, a 1/5 scaled-down design of the SMART. At the same time, a study on the establishment of a licensing process for the SMART-P has been carried out by KINS in order to prepare for the forthcoming SMART-P licensing. The results of this study performed from Aug. of 2002 to June of 2004 can be summarized as follows: (1) The construction purpose and design characteristics of the SMRAT-P were reviewed. (2) The licensing processes for reactors in Korea, U.S.A., Japan, France, U.K., Canada, and IAEA were analyzed. (3) Reactor classification criteria were established based on the analysis results for the foreign licensing processes. And a development direction for the licensing process applicable to the development reactor was established. (4) 4 candidate models of licensing process for the development reactor were proposed based on the domestic licensing processes considering the general trends and practices of the foreign licensing processes. Evaluation of the candidate models were performed. (5) Through the expert review of the candidate models, an optimized model was finally selected and an implementation plan for the optimized model including legalization was established. The licensing process for the development reactor proposed in this study can be applied directly to the licensing of the SMART-P. Furthermore, it will be also applied to the licensing of the development reactors for the advanced reactors such as the

  5. Copyright licenses and legal deposit practices of grey multimedia materials

    OpenAIRE

    Debbie L. Rabina; GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether the type of copyright license under which grey multimedia materials are published makes a difference in terms of their inclusion in library catalogs. The two types of copyright licenses examined are Creative Commons and traditional copyright, and the library catalogs examined is that of the United States Library of Congress and national catalogs of countries represented in the population of the study. The population included grey multimedia ma...

  6. Technology Transfer Center to Assume Patenting and Licensing Responsibilities | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    The NCI Technology Transfer Center (TTC) is undergoing a reorganization that will bring patenting and licensing responsibilities to the Shady Grove and Frederick offices by October 2015. The reorganization is a result of an effort begun in 2014 by NIH to improve the organizational structure of technology transfer at NIH to meet the rapid rate of change within science, technology, and industry, and to better align the science and laboratory goals with the licensing and patenting process.

  7. License Plate Recognition Based on Transform Coding and Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小平; 胡海生; 宋瀚涛; 朱建学; 丁俨

    2003-01-01

    A method of vehicle license plate recognition utilizing Karhunen-Loeve(K-L) transform is provided. The transform is used to extract features from a mass of image templates, to describe high-dimensional images with low-dimensional ones, and moreover, to implement data compression and play down complexity of the neural network. With the character to reduce eigenspace dimensionality of K-L transform and the ability to map data of BP network, the method does effectively in recognizing license plates.

  8. The importance of multidisciplinary action for the environmental licensing process in the PETROBRAS/UN-RIO (Unidade de Negocio de Exploracao e Producao do Rio de Janeiro); A importancia da acao multidisciplinar em processos de licenciamento ambiental na Unidade de Negocio de Exploracao e Producao do Rio de Janeiro - UN-RIO, da PETROBRAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Aline W.L.; Vidal, Roseane D.M.; Rocha, Valmir G. da [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio de Exploracao e Producao

    2004-07-01

    This paper describes the workings of the so-called Environmental Licensing Group from PETROBRAS's UN-RIO's SMS division (Safety, Health and the Environment Division). It emphasizes the importance of multidisciplinary action in the environmental licensing process of activities related to the transference and production of oil and gas, especially in a company the size and importance like PETROBRAS. The effectiveness of the system adopted by UN-RIO is verified by the results already achieved by the group, with the successful licensing of its activities. For a company like PETROBRAS, with a great number of activities simultaneously being licensed, it is extremely important that there exists a control, not only of the information that is being sent to the Environmental Agency as a follow-up of the several licensing processes, so that Licenses can be obtained in time and without complications. (author)

  9. AUTOMATIC LICENSE PLATE LOCALISATION AND IDENTIFICATION VIA SIGNATURE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorita Angeline

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A new algorithm for license plate localisation and identification is proposed on the basis of Signature analysis. Signature analysis has been used to locate license plate candidate and its properties can be further utilised in supporting and affirming the license plate character recognition. This paper presents Signature Analysis and the improved conventional Connected Component Analysis (CCA to design an automatic license plate localisation and identification. A procedure called Euclidean Distance Transform is added to the conventional CCA in order to tackle the multiple bounding boxes that occurred. The developed algorithm, SAICCA achieved 92% successful rate, with 8% failed localisation rate due to the restrictions such as insufficient light level, clarity and license plate perceptual information. The processing time for a license plate localisation and recognition is a crucial criterion that needs to be concerned. Therefore, this paper has utilised several approaches to decrease the processing time to an optimal value. The results obtained show that the proposed system is capable to be implemented in both ideal and non-ideal environments.

  10. A Vehicle License Plate Detection and Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid W. Maglad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Automatic vehicle license plate detection and recognition is a key technique in most of traffic related applications and is an active research topic in the image processing domain. Different methods, techniques and algorithms have been developed for license plate detection and recognitions. Approach: Due to the varying characteristics of the license plate from country to country like numbering system, colors, language of characters, style (font and sizes of license plate, further research is still needed in this area. Results: In most of the Middle East countries, they use the combination of Arabic and English letters, along with their countries logo. Thus, it makes the localization of plate number, the differentiation between Arabic and English letters and logo’s object and finally the recognition of those characters become a more challenging research task. The use of artificial neural network has proved itself beneficial for plate recognition, but it has not been applied for the plate detection. Radial Basis Function (RBF neural network is used both for the detection and recognition of Saudi Arabian license plates. Conclusion/Recommendations: The proposed approach has been tested on 200 front images of national license plate of Saudi Arabia. A higher percentage of accuracy has been obtained to show that the significant of this approach. The study could be further investigated in other Middle East countries.

  11. INTERNAL HAZARDS ANALYSIS FOR LICENSE APPLICATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.J. Garrett

    2005-02-17

    The purpose of this internal hazards analysis is to identify and document the internal hazards and potential initiating events associated with preclosure operations of the repository at Yucca Mountain. Internal hazards are those hazards presented by the operation of the facility and by its associated processes that can potentially lead to a radioactive release or cause a radiological hazard. In contrast to external hazards, internal hazards do not involve natural phenomena and external man-made hazards. This internal hazards analysis was performed in support of the preclosure safety analysis and the License Application for the Yucca Mountain Project. The methodology for this analysis provides a systematic means to identify internal hazards and potential initiating events that may result in a radiological hazard or radiological release during the repository preclosure period. These hazards are documented in tables of potential internal hazards and potential initiating events (Section 6.6) for input to the repository event sequence categorization process. The results of this analysis will undergo further screening and analysis based on the criteria that apply to the performance of event sequence analyses for the repository preclosure period. The evolving design of the repository will be re-evaluated periodically to ensure that internal hazards that have not been previously evaluated are identified.

  12. Yucca Mountain licensing support network archive assistant.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Bauer, Travis L.; Verzi, Stephen J.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Shaneyfelt, Wendy

    2008-03-01

    This report describes the Licensing Support Network (LSN) Assistant--a set of tools for categorizing e-mail messages and documents, and investigating and correcting existing archives of categorized e-mail messages and documents. The two main tools in the LSN Assistant are the LSN Archive Assistant (LSNAA) tool for recategorizing manually labeled e-mail messages and documents and the LSN Realtime Assistant (LSNRA) tool for categorizing new e-mail messages and documents. This report focuses on the LSNAA tool. There are two main components of the LSNAA tool. The first is the Sandia Categorization Framework, which is responsible for providing categorizations for documents in an archive and storing them in an appropriate Categorization Database. The second is the actual user interface, which primarily interacts with the Categorization Database, providing a way for finding and correcting categorizations errors in the database. A procedure for applying the LSNAA tool and an example use case of the LSNAA tool applied to a set of e-mail messages are provided. Performance results of the categorization model designed for this example use case are presented.

  13. Nuclear Safety Design Base for License Application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.J. Garrett

    2005-09-29

    The purpose of this report is to identify and document the nuclear safety design requirements that are specific to structures, systems, and components (SSCs) of the repository that are important to safety (ITS) during the preclosure period and to support the preclosure safety analysis and the license application for the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The scope of this report includes the assignment of nuclear safety design requirements to SSCs that are ITS and does not include the assignment of design requirements to SSCs or natural or engineered barriers that are important to waste isolation (ITWI). These requirements are used as input for the design of the SSCs that are ITS such that the preclosure performance objectives of 10 CFR 63.111(b) [DIRS 173273] are met. The natural or engineered barriers that are important to meeting the postclosure performance objectives of 10 CFR 63.113(b) and (c) [DIRS 173273] are identified as ITWI. Although a structure, system, or component (SSC) that is ITS may also be ITWI, this report is only concerned with providing the nuclear safety requirements for SSCs that are ITS to prevent or mitigate event sequences during the repository preclosure period.

  14. To License or Not to License Updated: An Examination of State Statutes Regarding Private Investigators and Digital Examiners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Lonardo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this update to the 2009 year's study, the authors examine statutes that regulate, license, and enforce investigative functions in each US state. After identification and review of Private Investigator licensing requirements, the authors find that very few state statutes explicitly differentiate between Private Investigators and Digital Examiners, but do see a trend of more states making some distinction. The authors contacted all state regulatory agencies where statutory language was not explicit, and as a result, set forth the various state approaches to professional Digital Examiner licensing. As was the case in the previous two iterations of this research, the authors conclude that states must differentiate between Private Investigator and Digital Examiner licensing requirements and oversight.

  15. How Institutionalized Are Model License Use Terms? An Analysis of E-Journal License Use Rights Clauses from 2000 to 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eschenfelder, Kristin R.; Tsai, Tien-I; Zhu, Xiaohua; Stewart, Brenton

    2013-01-01

    This paper explored the degree to which use terms proposed by model licenses have become institutionalized across different publishers' licenses. It examined model license use terms in four areas: downloading, scholarly sharing, interlibrary loan, and electronic reserves. Data collection and analysis involved content analysis of 224 electronic…

  16. Adipogenesis licensing and execution are disparately linked to cell proliferation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Guo; Kun-Ming Zhang; Kang Tu; Yi-Xue Li; Li Zhu; Hua-Sheng Xiao; Ying Yang; Jia-Rui Wu

    2009-01-01

    Coordination of cell differentiation and proliferation is a key issue in the development process of multi-cellular organisms and stem cells. Here we provide evidence that the establishment of adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-LI cells requires two processes: the licensing of an adipogenesis gene-expression program within a particular growth-arrest stage, i.e., the contact-inhibition stage, and then the execution of this program in a cell-cycle-independent manner,by which the licensed progenitors are differentiated into adipocytes in the presence of inducing factors. Our results showed that differentiation licensing of 3T3-L1 cells during the contact-inhibition stage involved epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation and histone modifications, whereas disturbing these epigenetic modifications by DNA methylation inhibitors or RNAi during the contact-inhibition stage significantly reduced adipogenesis efficiency.More importantly, when these licensed 3T3-LI cells were re-cultured under non-differentiating conditions or treated only with insulin, this adipogenesis commitment could be maintained from one cell generation to the next, whereby the licensed program could be activated in a cell-cycle-independent manner once these cells were subjected to adipogenesis-inducing conditions. This result suggests that differentiation licensing and differentiation execution can be uncoupled and disparately linked to cell proliferation. Our findings deliver a new concept that cell-fate decision can be subdivided into at least two stages, licensing and execution, which might have different regulatory relationships with cell proliferation, in addition, this new concept may provide a clue for developing new strategies against obesity.

  17. Technology Licensing in Two-Sided Markets%双边市场条件下的技术许可策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀祖; 熊中楷; 黄俊

    2011-01-01

    Two-sided markets include a system platform and two groups of clients who interact with each other via two-sided network externalities-the expansion of one market can increase customers' utilities in the other market. Technology licensing decisions are important in the network economy because two-sided network externalities are prevalent. The purpose of the paper is to investigate innovators' optimal technology licensing strategies under two-sided markets.We assume that an innovator has major patented technologies that are manufactured for Product I market, but licensed in Product II market. The scenario shows that two-sided network externalities between the two markets exist. We explore how factors, such as the intensity of two-sided network externalities, the number of potential licensees and the potential demand effect, can influence the technology licensing strategies of innovators. We establish a two-stage game model and adopt the fulfilled expectation equilibrium theory to analyze market equilibrium.First, we discuss the fixed-fee licensing strategy and analyze the optimal number of licenses for an innovator. We find that an innovator will not restrict the number of licenses in the licensed product market when the following conditions exist: strong two-sided network externalities, small potential licensee numbers, and relatively small potential demand scale in the licensed product market. Without the presence of these conditions, an innovator will restrict the number of licensees. Second, we discuss the royalty licensing strategy. We find that the innovator will decrease the royalty rate when two-sided network externalities and the potential number of licensees increase, and when the potential demand in the licensed product market decreases. Third, we discuss the probability of technological subsidies provided by innovators. An innovator may subsidize licensees with negative royalty rates. Furthermore, an innovator' s subsidizing strategy may promote

  18. 75 FR 61497 - Approval Pathway for Biosimilar and Interchangeable Biological Products; Public Hearing; Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Approval Pathway for Biosimilar and Interchangeable...'' (biosimilar) to, or ``interchangeable'' with, an FDA-licensed biological product. The purpose of this public... for biological products shown to be biosimilar to, or interchangeable with, an FDA-licensed...

  19. License - Q-TARO | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us Q-TARO License Lice...e with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the license terms rega...rding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...i Yonemaru (National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences) licensed under CC Attr...nd here . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely access part or whole of this database, a

  20. Considerations about the licensing process of special nuclear industrial facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Talarico, M.A., E-mail: talaricomarco@hotmail.com [Marinha do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao do Porgrama de Submarino com Propulsao Nuclear; Melo, P.F. Frutuoso e [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear

    2015-07-01

    This paper brings a discussion about the challenges involved in the development of a new kind of nuclear facility in Brazil, a naval base for nuclear submarines, with attention to the licensing process and considerations about the risk-informed decision making application to the licensing process. Initially, a model of such a naval base, called in this work, special industrial facility, is proposed, with its systems and respective sets of basic requirements, in order to make it possible the accomplishment of the special industrial facility support function to the nuclear submarine. A discussion about current challenges to overcome in this project is presented: the challenges due to the new characteristics of this type of nuclear facility; existence of several interfaces between the special industrial facilities systems and nuclear submarine systems in design activities; lack of specific regulation in Brazil to allow the licensing process of special industrial facilities by the nuclear safety authority; and comments about the lack of information from reference nuclear facilities, as is the case with nuclear power reactors (for example, the German Grafenrheinfeld nuclear plant is the reference plant for the Brazilian Angra 2 nuclear plant). Finally, in view of these challenges, an analysis method of special industrial facility operational scenarios to assist the licensing process is proposed. Also, considerations about the application of risk-informed decision making to the special industrial facility activity and licensing process in Brazil are presented. (author)