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Sample records for cavidad oral reporte

  1. Hibernoma de cavidad oral. Una entidad infrecuente

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    Francisco Javier Torres Gómez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El hibernoma es un tumor adiposo benigno que morfológicamente rememora la grasa fetal. Su presencia a nivel oral es excepcional. Presentamos un caso de hibernoma de cavidad oral, revisamos la entidad y mostramos los distintos diagnósticos diferenciales.

  2. Sífilis secundaria en cavidad oral: Reporte de dos casos Oral secondary syphilis: Two cases report

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    M G Díaz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La sífilis es una enfermedad infecciosa humana causada por una bacteria: el Treponema pallidum. La enfermedad es transmitida por contacto directo a través de lesiones durante el estadio primario y secundario, por vía transplacentaria intrauterina o a través del canal uterino; puede afectar cualquier órgano de la economía causando un número infinito de presentaciones clínicas. La sífilis secundaria cursa con manifestaciones mucocutáneas características y eventual sintomatología general. La presentación clínica de nuestros dos pacientes es singular ya que solo poseían lesiones en la cavidad oral. La respuesta al tratamiento instaurado fue buena.Syphilis is a human infectious disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with a lesion during the primary or secondary stages, in utero by the transplacental route, or during delivery as the baby passes through an infected canal. The bacterium may infect any organ, causing an infinite number of clinical presentations. Secondary syphilis is characterized by mucocutaneous lesions, a flulike syndrome, and generalized adenopathy. Hepatosplenomegaly may be present. The oral mucosa is the second most frequent site of luetic lesions; the genital areas are the most frequent. In the oral cavity, the most characteristic lesion is a whitish mucosal patch, normally located on the lips, tongue, or palate, which is extremely contagious. The differential diagnosis of this lesion may include oral squamous carcinoma, leukoplakia, candidosis, lichen planus, and hairy oral leukoplakia. Definitive diagnosis is based on clinical information and completed by laboratory examinations even the biopsy can help us. With the diagnosis of secondary syphilis treatment with penicillin G benzathine must be started. We present two cases of secondary syphilis with oral lesions only; the first one, a man with macule covered with a whitish membrane on palate mucosa and a

  3. Granuloma telangiectásico en cavidad oral: Reporte de un caso clínico Telangiecticum granuloma in oral cavity: Report of clinic case

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    A.J. Díaz Caballero; C.I. Vergara Hernández; M. Carmona Lorduy

    2009-01-01

    El granuloma telangiectásico es un tumor benigno que se presenta en cavidad oral, frecuentemente observado en la zona anterior de la cavidad oral y en encía, sangrante y de crecimiento rápido, asociado a la presencia de irritantes locales. Su tratamiento es la escisión quirúrgica, aunque puede presentar recidiva. Dentro de sus diagnósticos diferenciales encontramos el granuloma periférico de células gigantes, hemangioma capilar adquirido, carcinoma epidermoide exofítico, carcinoma metastásico...

  4. Granuloma telangiectásico en cavidad oral: Reporte de un caso clínico Telangiecticum granuloma in oral cavity: Report of clinic case

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    A.J. Díaz Caballero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El granuloma telangiectásico es un tumor benigno que se presenta en cavidad oral, frecuentemente observado en la zona anterior de la cavidad oral y en encía, sangrante y de crecimiento rápido, asociado a la presencia de irritantes locales. Su tratamiento es la escisión quirúrgica, aunque puede presentar recidiva. Dentro de sus diagnósticos diferenciales encontramos el granuloma periférico de células gigantes, hemangioma capilar adquirido, carcinoma epidermoide exofítico, carcinoma metastásico, sarcoma de Kaposi, fibroma periférico, tumores mesenquimales benignos y malignos. Se presenta caso clínico de paciente femenino de 52 años de edad que acudió a consulta odontológica en la facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Cartagena por presentar dos lesiones tumorales que sangraban con facilidad ubicadas en encía papilar y espacio edéntulo relacionadas a prótesis parcial fija de tres unidades entre órganos dentarios 11-13. Se le realizó la escisión quirúrgica de la lesión y se envió a patología donde se confirmó histopatológicamente diagnóstico de granuloma telangiectásico.Telangiecticum granuloma is a benign tumor that occurs in the oral cavity, often observed in the anterior section of the oral cavity and gums, it is bleeding and rapid growth, associated with the presence of local irritants. Its treatment is surgical excision, but may present recurrence. Inside we find the differential diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma, capillary hemangioma acquired exophytic squamous cell carcinoma, metastatic carcinoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, peripheral fibroma, benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors. In this paper is reported a case of female patient aged 52 who came to the Dental School of Dentistry of the University of Cartagena for filling 2 lesions that bled easily located in papillary gingiva and edentulous space fixed partial dentures related to three dental units between 11-13 bodies. Was performed surgical

  5. Paracoccidioidomicosis en cavidad oral Oral cavity paracoccidioidomycosis

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    D. Antunes Freitas

    2012-02-01

    completamente y el paciente continúa bajo control en el servicio.Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM or South-american Blastomycosis is the most important systemic mycosis in Latin America, is relatively common in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina. Sporadic cases can also be seen in some other countries, which is a rare progressive and fatal if not treated. It has been regarded as a multifocal disease with oral lesions as the prominent feature. It is caused by a dimorphic fungus, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, which mainly affects the skin, lymph nodes, lungs and mucous membranes, oral, nasal and gastrointestinal. Depending on the specific immunity of the host, the infection can take many forms and affects one or more organs, becoming a serious and potentially fatal disease. It is very important for health professionals worldwide have knowledge about Paracoccidioidomycosis because sometimes the disease only manifests itself many years after you have left the endemic area. To provide useful information about the diagnosis and treatment of disease A case report of case of male patient 48 years old from a rural area of Brazil Oath, presenting multiple painful ulcers on the gums and palate of 3 months duration, referred to chronic smoking history, clinical examination extraoral lesions are discarded in other intraoral examination bodies and multiple ulcers were observed necrotic and granulomatous background located on the gums and palate. We performed an incisional biopsy of the lesion and the material was sent for pathologic examination. The pathology report confirmed the clinical impression of Paracoccidioidomycosis. The patient was treated with the use of sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim - 800/60 mg/day, orally every 12 hours for 30 days. The oral lesions disappeared completely and the patient remains under control in the service.

  6. Papiloma invertido (Papiloma Schneideriano com envolvimento da cavidade oral: relato de caso incomum Inverted papilloma (Schneiderian papilloma with involvement of the oral cavity: report of an unusual case

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    Marta Rabello Piva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O papiloma invertido schneideriano é uma neoplasia de origem no epitélio de revestimento que surge da mucosa respiratória revestindo a cavidade nasal e os seios paranasais. Frequentemente, surge como uma lesão unilateral no septo nasal e estende-se secundariamente para o nariz e os seios paranasais. Este trabalho relata um caso incomum desta patologia, com o envolvimento da cavidade oral em um homem branco, de 61 anos de idade, cuja avaliação clínica revelou uma massa vegetante no rebordo alveolar direito da maxila, com duração de aproximadamente 4 meses. Após avaliação radiográfica, constatouse o envolvimento do seio maxilar. A análise microscópica, hibridização in situ e análise imunoistoquímica da peça cirúrgica levaram a um diagnóstico de displasia moderada em PIS associado à infecção por HPVInverted Schneiderian papilloma (ISP is a neoplasm of epithelial lining origin which arises in the respiratory mucosa that lines the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The inverted Schneiderian papilloma frequently appears as a unilateral lesion in the nasal septum and extends secondarily to the nasal and paranasal sinuses. This paper reports an unusual case of this pathology with involvement of the oral cavity in a 61-year-old white man. Clinical evaluation revealed a vegetating mass in the alveolar ridge of the right maxilla that had been present for approximately 4 months. After radiographic evaluation, involvement of the maxillary sinus was detected. Microscopic evaluation, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis of the specimen led to a diagnosis of ISP moderate dysplasia associated with HPV infection

  7. Influência da cavidade oral na performance desportiva

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    Moura, Luís Miguel Garcia da Rosa

    2016-01-01

    A influência da cavidade oral na performance desportiva é um tema atual e crescendo em importância. Devido a uma sociedade cada vez mais especializada e competitiva a procura de formas que produzam vantagens perante os concorrentes é cada vez maior. A cavidade oral, devido à sua importância e papel em relação ao organismo como um todo, tem o potencial de provocar alterações sistémicas que melhoram o rendimento do atleta. Neste trabalho de revisão bibliográfica pretendeu-se (1) reunir as in...

  8. Neurilemomas de cavidad oral y cuello Neurilemmomas of the oral cavity and the neck

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    J.A. García de Marcos

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Los neurilemomas son tumores neurogénicos benignos, con origen en la vaina neural. De los neurilemomas extracraneales, aproximadamente un 25 a un 45% ocurren en cabeza y cuello. La edad de afectación predominante es entre la tercera y la cuarta décadas de vida. El neurilemoma es un tumor claramente circunscrito y, generalmente, de pequeño tamaño. Clínicamente aparece como una masa de crecimiento lento y gradual. El examen microscópico es necesario para el diagnóstico. El tratamiento de elección es la escisión quirúrgica completa tumoral y después de ésta es muy rara su recurrencia. El propósito de este artículo es presentar un estudio retrospectivo, de nueve casos, de neurilemomas de cavidad oral y cuello, tratados en nuestro servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial, entre 1997 y 2001. Hemos valorado una serie de parámetros epidemiológicos (edad, sexo, localización, tamaño, clínica, estudios previos a la cirugía, tiempo trascurrido entre aparición de síntomas y primera consulta, nervio de origen, patrón histológico predominante (Antoni A, Antoni B, y evolución postquirúrgica. Se ha realizado una revisión de la literatura.Neurilemomas are benign neurogenic tumours, that derive from the neural sheath. Approximately 25 to 45 per cent of the extracraneal neurilemomas occur in the head and neck region. Neurilemomas usually occur between the third and the fourth decades of life. Neurilemoma is a sharply circumscribed, and usually small tumor. Clinically it manifests as a slow and gradually growing mass; microscopic examination is neccesary for diagnosis. Complete tumoral excision remains the treatment of choice and after this, they rarely recur. The aim of this article is to report a retrospective study, of nine cases, of oral cavity and neck neurilemomas, treated in our service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, between 1997 and 2001. A series of epidemiological parameters (age, sex, location, size, symptoms, preoperative

  9. Estado nutricional de los pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral

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    Dana Aline Pérez Camargo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer de cavidad oral ocupa el doceavo lugar a nivel mundial. El tratamiento del cáncer de cavidad oral es habitualmente cirugía seguida de radioterapia, la cual puede estar indicada sola o con quimioterapia; este tipo de terapias tienen importantes efectos secundarios funcionales sobre el estado nutricio del paciente. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer el impacto de los diferentes tratamientos sobre el estado nutricional de los pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología durante el período comprendido del 2009 al 2011. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron 99 pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral. Se registraron las siguientes variables; género, edad, tipo de tratamiento (cirugía, quimioterapia, radioterapia, complicaciones más importantes secundarias a tratamiento, pérdida de peso, índice de masa corporal (IMC y albumina. Resultados y discusión: La prevalencia de cáncer de cavidad oral fue mayor en mujeres (58,6%; la edad promedio fue de 61,22 años. Las complicaciones secundarias al tratamiento fueron xerostomía (20% seguida de odinofagia y mucositis (19%, la relación de pérdida de peso y sintomatología se observó en el (54% de los pacientes, debido al tipo de alimentación previo, durante y después del tratamiento en los cuales tuvo mayor predominio el uso de papillas. Conclusión: Se observó una pérdida de peso debido a las complicaciones del tratamiento médico que afectaron el estado nutricio, por ello es importante tener un monitoreo continuo que apoye el éxito del tratamiento multidisciplinario.

  10. Granuloma telangiectásico en cavidad oral Telangiecticum granuloma in oral cavity

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    M. Rebolledo Cobos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El granuloma telangiectásico es un tumor de origen epitelial benigno que tiene predilección en cavidad oral a nivel de la encía, de contenido vascular y de crecimiento rápido, cuya etiología es atribuible a irritantes locales como placa bacteriana, calculo, traumatismos, presencia de restos radiculares y otros como la presencia de cuerpos extraños. Esta patología es muy semejante a granuloma periférico de células gigantes, hemangioma capilar, carcinoma epidermoide exofítico, sarcoma de Kaposi, nevos pigmentados, melanomas, fibroma periférico y otros tumores mesenquimatosos. A continuación se presenta caso clínico de una paciente femenina de 71 años de edad quien acude al servicio de Estomatología y Cirugía Oral de la facultad de odontología de la Universidad de Cartagena por presentar una lesión tumoral en maxilar inferior que sangraba con facilidad el cual abarcaba una extensión desde órgano dental 34 a órgano dental 43. Se procedió a realizar la escisión quirúrgica de la lesión tumoral y se envió a patología donde se confirmó diagnostico de granuloma telangiectásico.The telangiecticum granuloma is a benign tumor of epithelial origin with preference for oral cavity, specially at the gum. It is rich in vascular content and rapid growth. It´s aetiology is attributable to local irritants such as bacterial plaque, dental calculus, trauma, and presence of root, others such as the presence of foreign bodies. This pathology is very similar to the peripheral giant cell granuloma, capillary hemangioma, exophytic squamous cell carcinoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, snowy pigmented melanomas, peripheral fibroma and mesenchymal tumors. In present paper is showed a clinical case of a female 71 years old who goes to the service of Stomatology and Oral Surgery at the School of Dentistry, University of Cartagena for presenting a tumor in jaw that was bleeding easily covering a body length from teeth number 34 to teeth number 43. We

  11. Colgajo lateral de brazo en reconstrucción de la cavidad oral Lateral arm flap in oral cavity reconstruction

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    A. Dean Ferrer

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La posibilidad de emplear una piel fácilmente plegable ha permitido reconstruir defectos de la cavidad oral consiguiendo una gran funcionalidad. Aunque el colgajo radial es el colgajo que se utiliza con más frecuencia para reconstruir defectos de superficie de la cavidad oral, el colgajo lateral de brazo puede ser de elección en algunas situaciones. Objetivos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es mostrar las ventajas e inconvenientes y nuestras indicaciones y resultados del colgajo lateral de brazo en reconstrucción de defectos de la cavidad oral. Material y método. Se trata de un estudio prospectivo sobre la utilización del colgajo lateral de brazo en la reconstrucción de defectos de la cavidad oral tras cirugía ablativa. Se ha valorado: la viabilidad del colgajo, la morbilidad del lecho donante, la longitud del pedículo, la selección de vasos receptores, las complicaciones y los resultados funcionales de la zona reconstruida. Resultados. Hemos utilizado el colgajo lateral de brazo en 10 pacientes en reconstrucciones primarias tras cirugía ablativa por carcinoma epidermoide de la cavidad oral. Hubo un caso de necrosis por trombosis venosa. El defecto donante se cerró en 8 casos de modo directo y en 2 con un injerto libre de espesor parcial. La longitud media del pedículo ha sido de 8,75 cm. En 9 casos el resultado funcional de los pacientes ha sido satisfactorio. Conclusiones. El colgajo fasciocutáneo lateral de brazo permite la reconstrucción de la cavidad oral consiguiendo buenos resultados funcionales. Además la morbilidad de la zona donante es mínima y puede realizarse cierre directo del defecto cutáneo del brazo en la mayoría de los casos.Introduction. The availability of easily pliable skin has allowed the functional reconstruction of oral cavity defects. Although the radial forearm free flap is the most frequently used flap for the reconstruction of surface defects of the oral cavity, the lateral arm free

  12. Novas terapias antimicrobianas em doenças da cavidade oral

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    Neves, Joaquim Fernando da Rocha

    2012-01-01

    A cárie dentária, a doença periodontal e a candidose oral assumem-se como as três principais doenças da cavidade oral, sendo que, a cárie dentária e a doença periodontal são as patologias de eleição devido à sua extensão e prevalência. O tratamento destas infecções de origem microbiana tem sido tradicionalmente realizado através de métodos mecânicos de odontologia. Contudo, à medida que evolui o conhecimento científico acerca dos processos envolvidos nestas doenças, percebemos ...

  13. Interatómica da cavidade oral - oralint V2.0

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    Lopes, Sara Filipa Nunes

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: As proteínas são moléculas essenciais ao funcionamento do organismo, apresentam inúmeras funções e estão envolvidas na regulação da maioria dos processos celulares. A interação proteína-proteína é um dos mecanismos utilizado na cavidade oral para a relação microrganismo-hospedeiro. Apesar da reconhecida importância dos microrganismos, o conhecimento específico das interações estabelecidas entre estes e o Homem é atualmente um tópico relevante de investigação, que vi...

  14. Fisiología bucal infantil: función y crecimiento de la cavidad oral del lactante

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    Sánchez Molins, Meritxell; Ustrell i Torrent, Josep Maria, 1953-

    2003-01-01

    Todas las funciones que se realizan en la cavidad oral (respiración, succión, deglución, masticación y fonación), estimulan el crecimiento y desarrollo del tercio inferior de la cara. Por ello, el tipo de lactancia, así como los hábitos orales disfuncionales, pueden influir sobre la morfología definitiva de los maxilares y de la oclusión dentaria.

  15. Los factores asociados a los trastornos psicológicos y su efecto sobre la cavidad oral (Mecanismos indirectos)

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    Velasco-Ortega, Eugenio; Machuca-Portillo, M.C.; Martinez-Sahuquillo Marquez, Angel; Ríos-Santos, J.V.; Bullon, Pedro

    1994-01-01

    La salud oral puede ser influida directamente por factores psicoemocionales que intervienen en la etiopatogenia o en el desarrollo del cuadro clínico de diversas enfermedades orales. Sin embargo, otros factores de naturaleza compleja suman sus efectos a los psicológicos sobre la cavidad oral .Su carácter fundamental es que se encuentran íntimamente asociados a los anteriores. Así, los psicofármacos utilizados en el tratamiento mental alteran el medio bucal mediante los cambios salivales que o...

  16. New Device for the Oral Cavity Nuevo dispositivo para el acceso a la cavidad bucal

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    Virginia Pentón García

    2010-02-01

    >Objetivo: mostrar un nuevo dispositivo para el acceso a la cavidad oral. Métodos: el dispositivo se confeccionó con alambre de acero inoxidable de 1,8 milímetros, se utilizaron 0,61 metros. Para su confección se utilizó el alicate universal para arcos faciales 003-180, auxiliado por el alicate acanalado fuerte 003-233. El dispositivo comienza a confeccionarse por el retractor de labios de un lado, luego se hace un doblez en ángulo recto, por donde el alambre baja para continuar formando parte de una robusta ballesta de acero inoxidable, después de confeccionado este resorte o ballesta, se confecciona el retractor de labios del otro lado. Resultados: el dispositivo tiene un tamaño único, pudiendo ser utilizado en otros campos de la estomatología, como la operatoria dental y la endodoncia. A pesar de ser una sola unidad, consta de 3 partes fundamentales: los dos retractores de labios unidos a un resorte o ballesta. Conclusiones: el dispositivo facilita la inspección oral, posee tamaño único y es utilizable en varios campos de la estomatología. Su utilización produce ventajas económicas.

  17. Desnutrição neonatal e microbiota normal da cavidade oral em ratos Neonatal malnutrition and normal microbiota of the oral cavity in rats

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    Solange Maria Magalhães da Silva Porto; Marcelo Tavares Viana; Karla Melo Ferreira da Silva; Maria de Fátima Alves Diniz; Célia Maria Machado Barbosa de Castro

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência da desnutrição neonatal sobre o padrão e o crescimento de bactérias aeróbias, da microbiota normal da cavidade oral, em ratos Wistar adultos. MÉTODOS: O material da cavidade oral foi coletado através de swabs embebidos em 40µL de solução salina estéril e colocados em tubos estéreis contendo 960µL de brain heart infusion. Posteriormente, fez-se homogeneização de cada uma amostra. Então, destes 1.000µL, retirou-se 1µL e este foi semeado em placas de Petri contendo...

  18. Carcinoma fusocelular de cavidad oral: Revisión de 9 casos Spindle cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: A review of 9 cases

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    G. Gómez Oliveira

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available El carcinoma fusocelular es una variedad maligna y poco frecuente del carcinoma de células escamosas. Es una tumoración constituida por una doble proliferación celular: una sarcomatosa de células fusocelulares y otra carcinomatosa de células epiteliales. Aunque puede afectar a cualquier parte del organismo, es más frecuente encontrarla en vías aerodigestivas superiores. Afecta con mayor frecuencia a varones entre la 6ª y 7ª décadas de la vida. Tiene un comportamiento agresivo con tendencia a la recurrencia. El alcohol y tabaco han sido identificados como los factores de riesgo más importantes. Su diagnóstico histológico es complicado y muchas veces es necesario recurrir a técnicas de inmunohistoquímica y al uso del microscopio electrónico. En la actualidad, se le atribuye un origen epitelial. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una revisión de 9 casos de carcinoma fusocelular localizados en cavidad oral recogidos en nuestro servicio entre los años 1985 a 2004, describiendo su comportamiento clínico y tratando de comprender la patogenia de esta controvertida estirpe tumoral.Spindle cell carcinoma is a malignant and rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma. The histological pattern is composed of a double cell proliferation: a sarcomatous component made up of spindle-shaped cells and a carcinomatous component made up of epithelial cells. Nearly all the anatomy of the body can be affected by these tumors although the most common location is the upper aerodigestive tract. With regard to sex distribution, it is more frequent in males than in females in their sixth and seventh decades of life. Its behavior is aggressive and it tends to recur after treatment. The most important risk factors are alcohol and tobacco. The histological diagnosis is complicated, so immunohistochemical techniques and the use of electron microscopy are usually necessary. Nowadays, its epithelial origin is accepted. The aim of this article is to report a

  19. Determinación de la sensibilidad a amoxicilina y a clindamicina de staphylococcus spp aislado de cavidad oral de pacientes con alto riesgo de endocarditis infecciosa

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    Silvia Barrientos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En la literatura existen pocos estudios acerca de la distribución de Staphylococcus spp en boca y los que hay sobre estos microorganismos como residentes de la cavidad oral son controversiales.El género Staphylococcus spp conforma un importante grupo de patógenos en el ser humano y origina distintas enfermedades, entre ellas, la Endocarditis Infecciosa; de igual forma, la literatura reporta tasas de resistencia a amoxicilina y clindamicina antibióticos usados comúnmente para la profilaxis en odontología. Objetivo: Conocer la sensibilidad de Staphylococcus spp a amoxicilina y la clindamicina aislados de cavidad oral de pacientes con alto riesgo de Endocarditis Infecciosa.

  20. Prevalência do papilomavírus humano (HPV na cavidade oral e na orofaringe Prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV in oral cavity and oropharynx

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    Therezita Peixoto Patury Galvão Castro

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência do papilomavírus humano (HPV na cavidade oral e na orofaringe ainda não está bem esclarecida como nos estudos do trato genital, na qual é bem definida. Entretanto, novas pesquisas estão surgindo após o aparecimento dos exames de biologia molecular. Neste estudo foi realizada uma revisão da literatura com o objetivo de verificar a prevalência do papilomavírus humano na cavidade oral e na orofaringe. Os resultados desta pesquisa mostraram uma prevalência do HPV 16 na mucosa oral normal (infecção latente. Já nas lesões benignas orais associadas ao HPV mostraram uma prevalência do HPV 6 e 11 em papilomas de células escamosas e condilomas, e, nas verrugas, uma prevalência do HPV 2 e 57, enquanto na hiperplasia epitelial focal prevaleceram os HPVs 13 e 32, e no câncer oral, principalmente, no carcinoma de células escamosas (CCE, foi evidenciada uma alta prevalência do HPV 16, o que sugere sua participação na carcinogênese oral, apesar de ser um assunto controverso. Constatou-se também uma enorme discrepância nos resultados da prevalência do papilomavírus humano (HPV na mucosa oral normal (infecção latente e no câncer oral, enquanto nas lesões benignas associadas ao vírus, os resultados foram confirmatórios.The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV in the oral cavity and oropharynx has not yet been as well studied as its infection of the vaginal tract. However, new study are emerge after the development of molecular biology techniques. The objective of this study is to show the prevalence of HPV in the oral cavity and the oropharynx. An ample bibliographic review was done showing a prevalence of HPV 6, 11 in a normal oral mucous membrane (latent infection. In oral benign lesions associated with HPV, a prevalence of HPV 6 and 11 was observed in squamous cell papilloma (SCP and condylomas acuminatum, while HPV 2 and 57 were more prevalent in verruca vulgaris lesions. As for focal epithelial hyperplasia

  1. New Device for the Oral Cavity Nuevo dispositivo para el acceso a la cavidad bucal

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    Virginia Pentón García

    2010-01-01

    Background: Apart from the instruments used to work and develop adequate treatments, there are some other instruments in General Dentistry and in Orthodontics in particular, called auxiliary instruments or accessories that help to get a better view of surgical field. A capable surgeon appreciates good instruments and recognizes their urgent need in an efficient way. Objective: To show a new device to work in the oral cavity.

  2. Modelo experimental de tumor na cavidade oral de ratos com carcinossarcoma de Walker 256 Experimental model of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma developed in the oral cavity of rats

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    Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estabelecer um modelo experimental de desenvolvimento tumoral na cavidade oral de ratos, permitindo, assim, o estudo da osteólise induzida pelo tumor nos ossos do complexo maxilomandibular como também nas estruturas dentais, através da caracterização histomorfológica da reabsorção óssea e dentária. MÉTODOS: Uma suspensão de células tumorais (0,1mL do Carcinossarcoma de Walker 256, na concentração de 10(6 células/mL foi implantado na cavidade alveolar de ratos previamente aberta por exodontia. Os animais foram observados durante 12 (doze dias consecutivos para determinação da curva de peso corpóreo, sendo posteriormente sacrificados e as mandíbulas removidas para exames radiográfico e histológico. RESULTADOS: No exame radiográfico foi verificada área lítica, sem evidência de reparo, na região dos alvéolos. No exame microscópico foi identificada infiltração óssea, periférica e central, de pequenas células hipercromáticas e pleomórficas, com leve infiltrado inflamatório mononuclear associado e áreas de necrose. O índice de pega foi de 100%. CONCLUSÃO: O modelo animal de invasão óssea, do tumor de Walker na cavidade oral, possibilita a avaliação in vivo de drogas antitumorais e esquemas terapêuticos no tratamento do câncer bucal.PURPOSE: To estabilish an experimental model of tumor development in the oral cavity of rats, that would enable to study the tumor-induced autolysis in the maxillomandibular bone complex as well as of the dental structures, through histomorphological characterization of bone and dental resorption. METHODS: Walker 256 carcinossarcoma cell suspension (0,1 mL containing 10(6 cell/mL was implanted in the alveoli of first and second molars. The animals were observed during twelve consecutive days and the body weigth were determined. Later, the animals were sacrificed and their mandibles removed to radiographic and hystologic analysis. RESULTS: The radiographic image

  3. Fatores prognósticos no carcinoma espinocelular de cavidade oral Prognostic factors in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity

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    José Raphael de Moura Campos Montoro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Devido à incerteza da evolução do câncer oral é que os pesquisadores procuram fatores que possam influenciar no prognóstico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular de cavidade oral variáveis que possam influenciar no tempo de sobrevida. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Analisados dados de 45 pacientes no período de Janeiro de 2001 a Janeiro de 2006. As curvas de sobrevida foram estimadas pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e para compará-las os testes de log-rank e o modelo de regressão de Cox. Desenho do Estudo: Análise retrospectiva. RESULTADOS: A sobrevida global foi de 39% em 5 anos. Apenas as variáveis, metástase cervical (p=0,017, radioterapia pós-operatória (p=0,056 e margens comprometidas (p=0,004 tiveram significância estatística. A sobrevida foi menor em pacientes: com metástase cervical; com margens comprometidas e os submetidos à radioterapia pós-operatória, ou seja, nos tumores mais agressivos. Após ajustamento, a radioterapia não mostrou significância estatística. Provavelmente a sobrevida de 39% seja pelo elevado número de pacientes com metástase (52,2% e pelo fato da amostra ser basicamente de cânceres de língua e assoalho (82%, os de controle mais difícil. CONCLUSÃO: A metástase cervical e o comprometimento das margens cirúrgicas são os fatores prognósticos no carcinoma de cavidade oral que influenciaram na sobrevida.Researchers have been looking for factors that can influence the prognosis of oral cancer, because its outcome is highly uncertain. AIM: To evaluate variables that can impact the survival rate of patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data analysis of 45 patients from January, 2001 to January, 2006. Survival rate curves have been estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and they have been compared through the log-rank test and the Cox regression standard. Study design: Retrospective analysis. RESULTS: Total five-year survival rate was of 39

  4. Antimicrobial activity of Uncaria tomentosa against oral human pathogens Atividade antimicrobiana da Uncaria tomentosa sobre patógenos da cavidade bucal humana

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    Renzo Alberto Ccahuana-Vasquez

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Uncaria tomentosa is considered a medicinal plant used over centuries by the peruvian population as an alternative treatment for several diseases. Many microorganisms usually inhabit the human oral cavity and under certain conditions can become etiologic agents of diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of different concentrations of Uncaria tomentosa on different strains of microorganisms isolated from the human oral cavity. Micropulverized Uncaria tomentosa was tested in vitro to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC on selected microbial strains. The tested strains were oral clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus spp., Candida albicans, Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The tested concentrations of Uncaria tomentosa ranged from 0.25-5% in Müeller-Hinton agar. Three percent Uncaria tomentosa inhibited 8% of Enterobacteriaceae isolates, 52% of S. mutans and 96% of Staphylococcus spp. The tested concentrations did not present inhibitory effect on P. aeruginosa and C. albicans. It could be concluded that micropulverized Uncaria tomentosa presented antimicrobial activity on Enterobacteriaceae, S. mutans and Staphylococcus spp. isolates.Uncaria tomentosa é uma planta medicinal usada por vários séculos pela população peruana como alternativa de tratamento para diversas doenças. Muitos microrganismos que usualmente não habitam a cavidade bucal humana podem se tornar agentes etiológicos de doenças sob certas condições. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana de diferentes concentrações de Uncaria tomentosa sobre diferentes cepas de microrganismos isolados de cavidades bucais humanas. Uncaria tomentosa micropulverizada foi testada in vitro para determinar a concentração inibitória mínima (CIM em isolados microbianos selecionados. Cepas de Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus spp., Candida albicans, Enterobacteriaceae e

  5. Utilidad del estudio de pérdidas de heterocigosidad en los genes p53, p16 y APC en muestras de cavidad oral como marcadores de riesgo para carcinoma broncogenético

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    Roig Vázquez, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la tesis es estudiar la utilidad de la deteccion de perdidas de heterocigosidad (PDH) en los locus cromosómicos 17p13, 9p21 y 5q21, sobre muestras de material citológico exfoliado de cavidad oral, como factor pronóstico de carcinoma broncogénico.

  6. Desnutrição neonatal e microbiota normal da cavidade oral em ratos Neonatal malnutrition and normal microbiota of the oral cavity in rats

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    Solange Maria Magalhães da Silva Porto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência da desnutrição neonatal sobre o padrão e o crescimento de bactérias aeróbias, da microbiota normal da cavidade oral, em ratos Wistar adultos. MÉTODOS: O material da cavidade oral foi coletado através de swabs embebidos em 40µL de solução salina estéril e colocados em tubos estéreis contendo 960µL de brain heart infusion. Posteriormente, fez-se homogeneização de cada uma amostra. Então, destes 1.000µL, retirou-se 1µL e este foi semeado em placas de Petri contendo Agar-sangue e Levine para isolamento e identificação de bactérias Gram+ e Gram-, respectivamente. Essas placas foram incubadas em estufa bacteriológica a 37ºC, 48 horas, e as unidades formadoras de colônias que cresceram foram contadas e seus percentuais calculados. Para a bacterioscopia foram confeccionadas lâminas coradas pelo método de Gram. RESULTADOS: Do 5º ao 21º dia de vida os pesos corporais do grupo desnutrido (33,6g:42,8g, desvio-padrão=27,2g foram menores (pOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of neonatal malnutrition on the pattern and growth of aerobic bacteria of the normal bacterial flora of the oral cavity in adults Wistar rats. METHODS: In the present study, the material of the oral cavity was collected through swabs soaked in 40µL of sterile saline solution. After the collection, each swab was placed in a sterile tube containing 960µL of brain heart infusion. Later, the samples were homogenized. Then, from the 1.000µL, 1µL was collected with a gauged loop to be sowed in Petri dishes containing Agar-blood and Agar-Levine, for the isolation and identification of the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria respectively. The plates were placed into a bacteriological incubator, 37ºC, for 48 hours and the colony-forming units that grew were counted and their percentages were calculated. For bacterioscopy, slides were stained with the Gram method. RESULTS: From the 5th to the 21st day of life, body weight of

  7. Estudo epidemiológico das doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas na cavidade oral An epidemiological study of immune-mediated skin diseases affecting the oral cavity

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    Cyntia Helena Pereira de Carvalho

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: As doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas compõem diversas patologias que apresentam formas variadas de manifestação no organismo. OBJETIVO: Foi proposição desta pesquisa, estabelecer a prevalência das principais doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas que apresentam manifestação oral. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados laudos histopatológicos de 10.292 casos arquivados no Serviço de Anatomia Patológica da Disciplina de Patologia Oral da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, no período de 1988 a 2009. Dos casos diagnosticados como algum tipo de doença em estudo, coletaram-se dados clínicos como sexo, idade, raça, sítio anatômico e sintomatologia das doenças. RESULTADOS: Do total de casos registrados, no serviço supracitado, 82 (0,8% corresponderam a doenças dermato lógicas imunologicamente mediadas com manifestação na cavidade oral. As doenças encontradas neste estudo foram: líquen plano oral, pênfigo vulgar e penfigoide benigno das membranas mucosas, sendo o líquen plano oral a lesão mais prevalente, representando 68,05% dos casos analisados, dos quais 64,3% apresentavam-se em mu lheres, sendo a mucosa jugal o sítio anatômico mais acometido (46,8%. CONCLUSÃO: A ocorrência de doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas que apresentam manifestação oral ainda é um fato incomum, semelhante ao observado na maioria das regiões mundiais. No entanto, a busca pelo diagnóstico precoce é um requisito essencial para a condução do tratamento dessas doenças, tendo em vista o possível comprometimento sistêmico do organismo nos pacientes.BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated skin diseases encompass a variety of pathologies that present in different forms in the body. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of the principal immune-mediated skin diseases affecting the oral cavity. METHODS: A total of 10,292 histopathology reports stored in the archives of the

  8. Identificación de Bacterias en Cavidad Oral y Valores Hematológicos en Bothrops asper en el Serpentario de la Universidad de Antioquia -resumen-

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    C Martínez-Mejía

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La flora bacteriana de la cavidad oral de las serpientes en cautiverio ha sido asociada a infecciones por estomatitis y abscesos secundarios por auto-mordedura. Igualmente‚ su identificación es importante debido a las infecciones secundarias que pueden causar los accidentes ofídicos en humanos y animales. En particular el veneno de la serpiente mapaná‚ Bothrops asper‚ responsable del 70% de los accidentes ofídicos en Colombia‚ genera efectos sistémicos y locales incluyendo dermonecrosis y mionecrosis que puede complicarse con abscesos‚ celulitis y fascitis hasta en el 30% de los casos. En este estudio se realizaron cultivos bacteriológicos y antibiogramas para identificar las bacterias presentes en la cavidad oral‚ y se determinaron los valores hematológicos no reportados aún para B. asper‚ mantenidas en el serpentario de la Universidad de Antioquia. Mediante hisopados de cavidad oral (n=16 se aislaron 9 especies de bacterias pertenecientes a 4 familias: Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia coli‚ Citrobacter sp.‚ Proteus sp.‚ Salmonella sp. y Enterobacter sp.‚ Enterococcaceae (Enterococcus sp.‚ Staphylococcaceae (Staphylococcus epidermidis‚ Staphylococcus haemolyticus y Bacillaceae (Bacillus licheniformis. De este total‚ la mayoría (55,5% resultaron Gram negativas y el resto (45,5% fueron Gram positivas. Se observó además una asociación entre los individuos con más tiempo en cautiverio (+ 60 meses‚ 4 ♀ y 3♂ y cultivos simultáneos de 2 bacterias‚ mientras que de los individuos con menos tiempo (- 50 meses‚ 4 ♀ y 5♂ se aisló solo una especie de bacteria. En acuerdo con la literatura‚ todas las bacterias aisladas fueron sensibles a la Amikacina y Enrofloxacina‚ mientras que el 66‚6% (n=9 de las bacterias fue resistente a la Ampicilina Sulbactam. Los parámetros hematológicos se determinaron a partir de 24 serpientes en buen estado de salud. El promedio del hematocrito (Hto‚ % fue de 27

  9. Papel pronóstico de los factores clínicos y epidemiológicos en una cohorte de pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral y orofaringe

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    Sandoval Puig, Marta

    2004-01-01

    [spa] INTRODUCCIÓN: El cáncer de cavidad oral y orofaringe (cáncer oral) es un problema de salud pública creciente. La tasa anual de incidencia mundial sobrepasa los 3.000.000 de casos nuevos al año. La incidencia del cáncer oral en Cataluña (basado en los registros hospitalarios) se situa en la quinta posición en los hombres (7,1% del total de cánceres). El incremento de la incidencia debe relacionarse con los factores de riesgo identificados, que son el consumo de tabaco (fumado y mascado) ...

  10. Expressão do colágeno I em carcinomas epidermóides da cavidade oral Collagen type I expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity

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    Gabriela Botelho Martins

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available A matriz extracelular no carcinoma epidermóide da cavidade oral sofre modificações qualitativas e quantitativas durante a sua progressão. Estas alterações parecem possibilitar os processos de invasão e metástase que caracterizam as neoplasias malignas e são mais evidentes na interface tumor-hospedeiro. No nosso estudo, 23 biópsias incisionais de carcinomas epidermóides de diversas localizações da cavidade oral foram classificadas segundo o sistema de graduação histológica preconizado por Anneroth et al.¹ (1987. Foram utilizadas as colorações pela H. E. e a do tipo picrosirius, específica para colágeno. A expressão imuno-histoquímica do colágeno tipo I foi analisada em lesões com diferentes escores histológicos de malignidade. Pôde-se concluir que o colágeno apresenta diferentes padrões morfológicos, histoquímicos e imuno-histoquímicos em lesões com altos e baixos escores de malignidade.An analysis of the extracellular matrix at the invasive front of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity may improve the understanding of tumour cell matrix interactions during malignancy growth. Alterations in collagen I expression may influence cellular invasion and metastasis. In this work, 23 cases of squamous cell carcinoma were submitted to the Anneroth's malignancy grading system¹. H. E. and sirius red staining were used. Immunohistochemical expression of collagen type I protein was observed in different malignancy scores. As a result, it was observed that the extracellular matrix in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity shows different patterns of collagen I expression in low and high scores of malignancy.

  11. Enzimotipagem de espécies do gênero Candida isoladas da cavidade bucal Enzymotiping of species of the genus Candida isolated from the oral cavity

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    Regina Celia Candido

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas quanto a produção de exoenzimas fosfolipase e proteinase, 79 amostras de Candida isoladas da cavidade bucal de pacientes com lesões bucais características de candidose e indivíduos com boca clinicamente normal, atendidos na Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto USP. Dentre as cepas de C. albicans isoladas de lesões bucais, a fosfolipase e proteinase foram detectadas em, respectivamente, 83,3% e 66,7%. C. tropicalis e C. parapsilosis produziram somente proteinase. Quanto às cepas isoladas de nichos sem lesão, do total de 32 C. albicans, 71,9% apresentaram fosfolipase e 68,7% proteinase. C. tropicalis apresentou apenas a enzima proteinase, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. guilliermondii e Candida spp, não apresentaram nenhuma das exoenzimas. Entre as amostras de C. albicans de ambos os grupos, o enzimotipo 22 (fosfolipase positiva e proteinase fracamente positiva foi prevalente. Enzimotipos diferentes foram detectados em amostras da mesma espécie provenientes de mesmo paciente.The production of phospholipase and proteinase exoenzymes was evaluated in seventy nine samples of Candida isolated from the oral cavity of patients with oral lesions characteristic of candidosis and from individuals presenting a clinically normal mouth, attended at the University of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto USP. Among the strains of C. albicans isolated from oral lesions, the phospholipase and proteinase were detected in 83.3% and 66.7%, respectively. C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis produced only proteinase. Regarding the isolated strains from niches without lesions, out of a total of 32 C. albicans, 71.9% presented phospholipase and 68.7% proteinase. C. tropicalis only presented the enzyme proteinase, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. guilliermondii and Candida spp did not present any of the exoenzymes. Among the samples of C. albicans from both groups, the enzymotype 22 (positive phospholipase and proteinase weakly positive, was prevalent

  12. Prevalencia de lesiones en cavidad oral en pacientes con VIH /Sida en HERES Salud E.U. de la ciudad de Santa Marta en el periodo 2006-2007

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    Polo Padilla, Adriana Patricia

    2011-01-01

    Objetivos: identificar la prevalencia de las lesiones en cavidad oral en pacientes convivientes con VIH/SIDA, a través de la revisión de las historias clínicas de una Unidad de Atención en Salud en el periodo 2006-2007. Materiales y métodos:Estudio Descriptivo de prevalencia de periodo en una muestra de 224 pacientes, a los cuales se les estudio las historias clínicas, posteriormente fueron analizadas, mediante una base de datos en Excel que luego se envió al paquete estadístico SPSS18 lic...

  13. Prevalência do papilomavírus humano (HPV em Belém, Pará, Brasil, na cavidade oral de indivíduos sem lesões clinicamente diagnosticáveis

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    Marizeli Viana de Aragão Araújo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo transversal com o objetivo de verificar a prevalência do HPV na cavidade oral de indivíduos sem lesões clinicamente diagnosticáveis e quais são os tipos encontrados neles. Foram analisadas 166 amostras em pacientes maiores de 18 anos de idade, residentes no Estado do Pará, Brasil. As amostras foram coletadas por meio de raspado com escova estéril na cavidade oral. Para a detecção da presença do HPV, foi utilizada a técnica da reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR. As amostras infectadas pelo HPV foram tipadas para HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 52 e 58. Os resultados encontrados indicaram a presença de HPV em 40 amostras (24,1%. Três amostras (7,5% foram positivas para HPV 6; cinco (12,5%, para HPV 18; e uma (2,5%, para HPV 58.

  14. Carcinoma de células escamosas da cavidade oral em pacientes jovens e sua crescente incidência: revisão de literatura Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in young patients and its increasing incidence: literature review

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    Beatriz R. M. Venturi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste estudo é rever o carcinoma de células escamosas oral na população jovem. A literatura mostra um comportamento diferente neste tipo de doença, que parece ser mais agressivo. Existe uma forte relação entre alguns hábitos (tabaco e consumo de álcool e o desenvolvimento do carcinoma de células escamosas (CCE oral, mas nestes casos os pacientes normalmente não relatam hábitos considerados de risco. Existe um pequeno número de relatos de casos de CCE oral em pacientes com menos de 40 anos de idade, então é difícil de provar o aumento da incidência do CCE da cavidade oral como dito na literatura. Outros estudos são necessários para entendermos melhor esta entidade. A identificação das características desta população jovem se faz necessária, pois pode refletir problemas no controle do câncer e pode possibilitar o desenvolvimento de um programa de prevenção primária para o CCE oral em pacientes jovens.The purpose of this study was to review the squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in young population. The literature shows a different behavior in this type of disease; it seems to be more aggressive. There is a close relationship between some habits (tobacco and alcohol consumption and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, but in this case the patients normally relate no risk factors. There is a little number of case report of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in patients under 40 years old, so it's difficult to prove the increasing of the squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity as said in the literature. Further studies are necessary to know better this entity. The identification of the characteristics of this young population is necessary, because it might reflect problems in cancer control and can enable the development of a primary prevention program for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in young patients.

  15. Consideraciones actuales sobre la presencia de papilomavirus humano en la cavidad oral Current considerations about the presence of the human papilomavirus in the oral cavity

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    M.L. Medina

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La infección por Papilomavirus Humano (HPV es una de las infecciones virales más difundidas en la población y es considerada una enfermedad de transmisión sexual. La mayoría de estas infecciones son asintomáticas o subclínicas y pasan desapercibidas salvo se haga una prueba molecular para detección del genoma viral en células infectadas. Casi todas las infecciones son transitorias, controladas por la respuesta inmune, sólo algunas se vuelven crónicas o persistentes y éstas son las que tienen mayor potencial oncogénico. Es importante transmitir la necesidad de identificar precozmente las manifestaciones bucales de HPV y valorar la importancia del tratamiento oportuno, lo cual es crucial para mejorar el pronóstico de cáncer bucal.The infection by Human Papillomavirus (HPV is considered a sexually transmitted disease and it is one of the most widespread viral diseases among the general population. Most of these infections are asymptomatic or subclinical and they can remain unnoticed unless the virus could be detected in infected cells by molecular methods. Only some infections are chronic or persistent, and these possess the higher oncogenic potential. It is important to spread the need for early identification of oral manifestations of HPV and to highlight the importance of prompt treatment, which is crucial for improving the prognosis of oral cancer.

  16. Oral Myiasis : Case Report

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    Ramli, Roszalina; Abd Rahman, Roslan

    2002-01-01

    Myiasis occurs when living tissues of mammals are invaded by eggs or larvae of flies, mainly from the order of Diptera. Most of the previousty reported cases are in the tropics and they were usually associated with inadequate personal hygiene, sometimes with poor manual dexterity. This report describes two cases of oral myiasis in cerebral palsy patients in Seremban General Hospital, Malaysia. This article also discusses the therapeutic property of maggots and highlights the importance of ora...

  17. Graphite oral tattoo: case report

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    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-01-01

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more f...

  18. Oral lymphangioma: case report

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    Marcelo Gadelha Vasconcelos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lymphangioma is a change of lymphatic vessels that frequently affects the head and neck region. Its occurrence at oral cavity is rare and it is most commonly identified at the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. At this location, it is clinically characterized as transparent and generally grouped vesicles, which can be red or purple. The deep lesions appear as nodular masses of variable color and superficial texture. It can be classified according to the size of vessels into three types: capillary, cavernous, and cystic lymphangioma. Several types of treatment have been suggested; and the most commonly used treatments are: surgical excision, application of carbon dioxide laser, cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen, and sclerosing agents. Objective and case report: To describe a case of oral lymphangioma diagnosed in a 17-year-old female patient. The lesion was presented as multiple vesicles of soft consistency with thin epithelial lining and color ranging from translucent to yellow-reddish, involving the soft palate and the left retromolar region. Incisional biopsy confirmed the hypothesis of cavernous lymphangioma. Patient was followed-up for one year without signs of lesion relapse. Conclusion: Through this clinical case report and literature review, this study emphasizes the relevance of the clinical and histopathological features that should be considered to confirm the clinical hypothesis and indicate the proper therapeutic for oral lymphangiomas.

  19. Exame da cavidade bucal de pacientes com câncer: avaliação clínica e dosagem indireta de óxido nítrico Examen de la cavidad oral de los pacientes con cáncer: evaluación clínica y medición indirecta de óxido nítrico Examination of the oral cavities of patients with cancer: clinical evaluation and indirect measurement of the nitric oxide level

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    Emilia Campos de Carvalho; Evelin Capellari Cárnio; Vivian Youssef Khouri; Caroline Guilherme; Claudia Benedita dos Santos; Mariangela Aparecida Pace

    2013-01-01

    Neste estudo buscou-se verificar associação entre avaliação clínica da cavidade oral (pelos Índices de dentes Cariados,Perdidos e Obturados e Índice de Higiene Oral - Simplificado) e a determinação indireta de óxido nítrico em pacientes com patologias onco-hematológicas. Trata-se de estudo observacional, no qual foram incluídos vinte sujeitos internados, diagnosticados com Leucemia (35%), Linfoma (50%), Mieloma (15%), em avaliação para início de quimioterapia, sendo que 50% apresentaram norma...

  20. Estudo de alterações na cavidade oral em pacientes com doença do refluxo gastroesofágico Study in oral cavity alterations in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease

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    Maria Carolina Canteras Scarillo Falotico Corrêa

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, afecção de elevada e crescente incidência, pode se manifestar através de sintomas típicos (pirose e regurgitação e atípicos (pulmonares, otorrinolaringológicos e bucais. OBJETIVO:Analisar as alterações na cavidade oral de pacientes com a doença do refluxo gastroesofágico. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 100 pacientes, sendo 50 acometidos por doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (grupo 1 e 50 controles (grupo 2. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame clínico oral e questionário específico, e naqueles do grupo 1, foram realizadas endoscopia digestiva alta e manometria e pHmetria esofágicas. RESULTADOS: A endoscopia digestiva alta demonstrou esofagite em todos os pacientes, sendo erosiva em 20, não-erosiva em 30 e hérnia hiatal em 38. A pressão média no esfíncter inferior do esôfago foi de 11 ± 4,8 mm Hg e no superior de 75 ± 26,5 mm Hg. Em 42 pacientes do grupo 1 (84% foi observado refluxo gastroesofágico patológico. O exame clínico oral mostrou: erosões dentárias no grupo 1: 273 faces e no grupo 2: 5; dentes cariados no grupo 1: 23 e 115 no grupo 2; abrasão no grupo 1: 58 e no grupo 2: 95; desgaste por atrito: 408 no grupo 1 e 224 no grupo 2. A face dental mais acometida foi a palatina. No grupo 1, 21 pacientes referiam queixas de aftas freqüentes, 35 sensibilidade dentária, 26 ardência bucal e 42 gosto azedo na boca. Naqueles do grupo 2 estas queixas foram observadas em menor número de pacientes. CONCLUSÕES: Os doentes com doença do refluxo gastroesofágico apresentam maior incidência de erosões dentárias, aftas, ardência bucal, sensibilidade dentária e gosto azedo que os controles e menor incidência de lesões cariosas em relação aos controles.BACKGROUND: The gastroesophageal reflux disease, which has become highly and increasingly incident, may be manifested by typical (pyrosis and regurgitation and atypical (pulmonary, otorhinolaryngological and buccal

  1. Prevalence of yeast species in the oral cavity and its relationship to dental caries = Prevalência de leveduras na cavidade bucal e sua relação com a cárie dental

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    Adriane Castro Martinez Martins

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of yeasts in the oral cavity, and to determine the main yeast species present and whether there is a correlation between the presence of yeasts in the mouth and caries or dental plaque. Ninety-five healthy children and adolescents who were residents of rural villages participated in the study. They were submitted to an odontological examination for the identification of dental caries and dental plaque, as well as for yeast culture and identification. The frequency of yeasts was 33.7%, with no difference between females and males. Yeasts predominated in children (37.7% more than in adolescents (26.5%. Caries and dental plaque were present in 70.3 and 96.8% of the sample, respectively, and Candida albicans was the most prevalent species (75%. The findings indicated a correlation between the presence of caries and yeasts in the mouth (p = 0.0087 and between yeasts and the number of carious teeth (p O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência de leveduras na cavidade bucal, determinar as principais espécies de leveduras presentes e, se existe correlação entre a presença de leveduras na boca com cárie ou placa dental. Participaram deste estudo 95 crianças e adolescentes saudáveis que residiam em Vilas Rurais, na região Oeste do Estado do Paraná. Eles foram submetidos a exame odontológico para identificação de cárie e placa dental, além de pesquisa de levedura na cavidade bucal. A frequência de leveduras foi 33,7% e não houve diferença entre os gêneros femininos e masculinos. As leveduras predominaram nas crianças (37,7% em relação aos adolescentes (26,5%. Cárie e placa dental estavam presentes, respectivamente, em 70,3 e 96,8% da amostra e Candida albicans foi à espécie mais prevalente (75%. Os resultados mostraram correlação entre a presença de cárie e de levedura na boca (p = 0,0087 e também entre a presença de leveduras e o número de dentes cariados (p < 0

  2. Oral Myiasis: Case report

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    S Jimson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral myiasis is a rare disease caused by larvae of dipteran flies. Houseflies are strongly suspected of transmitting at least 65 diseases to humans, including typhoid fever, dysentery and cholera. Flies regurgitate and excrete wherever they come to rest and thereby mechanically are the root cause for disease organisms. A case of oral myiasis caused by Chrysomya bezziana in the maxillary anterior region in a 40-year-old patient is presented. Manual removal of maggots, and surgical debridement of wound was done followed by broad-spectrum anti-parasitic medications. A note on the identification of the larva and histopathology of the tissue is also highlighted here.

  3. Oral health, hygiene practices and oral cancer Saúde bucal, práticas de higiene bucal e ocorrência de câncer da cavidade oral

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    Luzia A Marques

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between oral health and hygiene practices and oral cancer. METHODS: Hospital-based case-control study in the metropolitan area of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil, from 1998 to 2002. A total 309 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the mouth and the pharynx and 468 controls matched by sex and age were included in the study. Cases were recruited in seven reference hospitals and controls were selected in five out of the seven participating hospitals. Detailed information on smoking, alcohol consumption, schooling, oral health status and hygiene practices were obtained through interviews. Odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI, adjusted by sex, age, schooling, smoking, alcohol consumption as well as the variables oral health status and hygiene practices were estimated using unconditional logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The use of complete dental prosthesis was not associated with oral cancer but regular gum bleeding showed a strong association (OR 3.1; 95% CI 1.2-7.9. Those who never attended a dental visit were more likely to have oral cancer (OR 2.5; 95% CI 1.3-4.8. Daily mouthwash use showed a stronger association to pharynx (OR 4.7; 95% CI 1.8-12.5 than mouth cancer (OR 3.2; 95% CI 1.6-6.3. CONCLUSIONS: Gum bleeding, no dental care, and daily mouthwash use were factors associated with oral cancer regardless of tobacco and alcohol consumption.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre saúde e higiene bucal na ocorrência de câncer oral. MÉTODOS: Estudo caso-controle de base hospitalar, realizado entre 1998 e 2002 na área metropolitana de São Paulo, SP. Foram incluídos 309 pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de boca e orofaringe e 468 controles, pareados com os casos por sexo e idade. Os casos foram levantados em sete hospitais que concentram a assistência médica a pacientes com a doença e os controles rastreados em cinco hospitais gerais dentre os sete. Informa

  4. Valoración de la calidad de vida en pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral y orofaringe

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Carranza, Eusebio

    2005-01-01

    El cáncer oral, aún no siendo una de las patologías que más frecuentemente se atienden en un Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial, si que resulta ser una de las que más recursos humanos y hospitalarios consume. En lo humano conlleva la actuación de diversos profesionales sanitarios que afrontan la enfermedad desde diferentes enfoques en aras de una mejor atención al paciente. Tradicionalmente, el enfoque del tratamiento del cáncer, independientemente de la localización del mismo, iba dirigido ...

  5. Amiloidose na cavidade bucal: aspectos clínicos, histopatológicos e ultra-estruturais Amyloidosis in the oral cavity: clinical, histopathological and ultrastructural features

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Rogério de Faria; Luiz Fernando Carvalho de Menezes; Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva; Ricardo Della Coletta; Pablo Agustin Vargas

    2003-01-01

    Amiloidose refere-se à deposição extracelular e progressiva de proteínas fibrilares patogênicas com características microscópicas e ultra-estruturais similares. A amiloidose pode ser sistêmica ou localizada. Descrevemos três pacientes que desenvolveram amiloidose intra-oral, sendo que dois casos manifestaram amiloidose localizada e o outro caso apresentou amiloidose sistêmica com acometimento de língua. Nos três casos, o exame histopatológico evidenciou depósitos de amilóide, os quais foram c...

  6. Oral lymphangioma: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Gadelha Vasconcelos; Bruna Câmara Santos; Luciana Cristina Peixoto Lemos; Betania Fachetti Ribeiro; Déborah Pitta Paraíso Iglesias; Rodrigo Gadelha Vasconcelos; Ana Myriam Costa de Medeiros

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Lymphangioma is a change of lymphatic vessels that frequently affects the head and neck region. Its occurrence at oral cavity is rare and it is most commonly identified at the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. At this location, it is clinically characterized as transparent and generally grouped vesicles, which can be red or purple. The deep lesions appear as nodular masses of variable color and superficial texture. It can be classified according to the size of vessels into thre...

  7. Prevalência de achados sugestivos de papilomavírus humano (HPV em biópsias de carcinoma espinocelular de cavidade oral e orofaringe: estudo preliminar Prevalence of histological findings of human papillomavirus (HPV in oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma biopsies: preliminary study

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    Sandra Doria Xavier

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O papilomavírus humano (HPV é universalmente aceito como agente causal do câncer de colo uterino e, recentemente, vem se especulando sobre sua possível relação com câncer oral e de orofaringe. O carcinoma espinocelular (CEC oral representa 90% de todos os tumores malignos que afetam a cavidade bucal. Estudos sobre a prevalência de HPV em pacientes com CEC variam de 0 a 100%. O efeito citopático viral mais conhecido é a coilocitose, considerado "critério maior" na infecção pelo HPV do ponto de vista histopatológico. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência de achados sugestivos de HPV - coilocitose - em CEC oral e de orofaringe. FORMA DE ESTUDO: coorte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram examinadas no microscópio 20 lâminas com o diagnóstico de CEC de cavidade oral ou orofaringe sendo que em 15 delas foi encontrada coilocitose, correspondendo a 75%. RESULTADO: Apesar de termos conhecimento que o método com maior sensibilidade atual para pesquisa de HPV ser a reação de polimerase em cadeia (PCR, iniciamos esta pesquisa com a investigação de coilocitose, o que é muito sugestivo de infecção por HPV. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo em questão trata-se de um projeto-piloto pois será dada continuidade a esta pesquisa através da realização de PCR a fim de confirmar a alta prevalência de infecção por HPV em CEC oral e de orofaringe.Human papillomavirus (HPV is considered to be an etiologic agent of cervical cancer and, recently its relation to oral and oropharyngeal cancer has also been investigated. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC represents 90% of all malignant tumors that affect the oral cavity. The prevalence of HPV in patients with SCC ranges from 0 to 100%. The most known viral cytopathic effect is koilocytosis, considered to be a major characteristic of HPV infection. AIM: The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of some peculiar characteristics of HPV - koilocytosis - in oral and

  8. Graphite oral tattoo: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-10-01

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more frequently in the region of the alveolar ridge. Graphite tattoos occur in younger patients when compared with the amalgam type. Histologically, amalgam lesions represent impregnation of the reticular fibers of vessels and nerves with silver, whereas in cases of graphite tattoos, this impregnation is not observed, but it is common to observe a granulomatous inflammatory response, less evident in cases of amalgam tattoos. Both types of lesions require no treatment, but in some cases a biopsy may be done to rule out melanocytic lesions. PMID:26632800

  9. impacto na cavidade oral dos pacientes

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Gisela Cristina Moreira

    2010-01-01

    A Síndrome de Sjögren (SS) é uma patologia de origem autoimune, que se caracteriza imunológicamente, por um infiltrado linfocitário nas glândulas salivares e lacrimais dos indivíduos afectados. A SS pode-se dividir em Síndrome de Sjögren Primário e Síndrome de Sjögren Secundário. Os principais sintomas são a secura da boca, dos olhos e o cansaço extremo. A infiltração plasmática e linfocitária nas glândulas exócrinas e, consequentemente, a produção de auto-anticorpos, leva a...

  10. Estudo de p27, p21, p16 em epitélio escamoso normal, papiloma escamoso e carcinoma de células escamosas da cavidade oral Comparative analysis of the immunohistochemistry expression of p27, p21WAF/Cip1, and p16INK4a in oral normal epithelium, squamous papilloma and squamous cell carcinoma

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    Ana Beatriz Piazza Queiroz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO E OBJETIVO: O tipo de câncer oral mais frequente é o carcinoma de células escamosas, que corresponde a 95% dos casos(9. O papiloma escamoso oral é uma neoplasia benigna normalmente associada à infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV(21. A análise da literatura mostra alterações nos genes reguladores do ciclo celular p27, p21WAF/Cip1 e p16INK4a, porém sem uma definição de seus papéis na carcinogênese oral. O objetivo foi caracterizar imuno-histoquimicamente p27, p21WAF/Cip1 e p16NK4a em epitélio escamoso normal, papilomas escamosos e carcinomas de células escamosas da cavidade oral. MÉTODOS: Imuno-histoquímica para p27, p21WAF/Cip1 e p16NK4a em 32 casos de epitélio escamoso normal, 30 casos de papiloma escamoso e 34 de carcinoma de células escamosas da cavidade oral. RESULTADOS: p27: 97,06% dos casos de carcinoma de células escamosas apresentaram imunopositividade focal. O grupo papiloma escamoso apresentou 33,33% e o grupo controle, 18,75%. p21WAF/Cip1: 100% de imunopositividade focal tanto no grupo controle como no grupo carcinoma de células escamosas, e 90% no grupo papiloma escamoso. p16INK4a: 100% de imunopositividade focal para os grupos controle e papiloma escamoso, e 94% para o grupo carcinoma de células escamosas. CONCLUSÃO: Imuno-histoquimicamente demonstrou-se diferença significativa para p27 quando feita comparação dos grupos controle e papiloma escamoso com o grupo carcinoma de células escamosas. O p21WAF/Cip1 não demonstrou poder de diferenciar os grupos analisados. O p16INK4a apresentou imunopositividade difusa em uma minoria dos casos do grupo carcinoma de células escamosas. O grupo papiloma escamoso se comportou de maneira similar ao grupo controle em relação aos três marcadores.INTRODUCTION: The most frequent type of oral cancer is the squamous cell carcinoma, which corresponds to 95% of the cases(9.The oral squamous papilloma is a benign neoplasia, commonly associated with

  11. Estudo epidemiológico das doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas na cavidade oral An epidemiological study of immune-mediated skin diseases affecting the oral cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Cyntia Helena Pereira de Carvalho; Bruna Rafaela Martins dos Santos; Camila de Castro Vieira; Emeline das Neves de Araújo Lima; Pedro Paulo de Andrade Santos; Roseana de Almeida Freitas

    2011-01-01

    FUNDAMENTO: As doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas compõem diversas patologias que apresentam formas variadas de manifestação no organismo. OBJETIVO: Foi proposição desta pesquisa, estabelecer a prevalência das principais doenças dermatológicas imunologicamente mediadas que apresentam manifestação oral. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados laudos histopatológicos de 10.292 casos arquivados no Serviço de Anatomia Patológica da Disciplina de Patologia Oral da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande...

  12. Oral Candida spp carriers: its prevalence in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Portadores de Candida spp na cavidade oral: a sua prevalência em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2

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    Ramon Felipe Fernandez Martinez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Prevalence of oral candidiasis in diabetic patients is 13.7-64%. Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated species (75-86.5%. OBJECTIVE: To obtain the prevalence of Candida carriers among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to identify the species of the yeast. Study design: It is an open, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and prospective study. METHODS: We included voluntary patients from the National Diabetes Marathon and performed a blood glucose measurement, sialometry test, Gram-stained exfoliative cytology, and culture on Sabouraud dextrose agar and CHROMagar Candida TM. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: We examined 141 patients (mean age 57 years: 103 women (73% and 38 men (26.9%. Exfoliative cytology was positive in 32 cases (23 with oral lesions; 78 had oral lesions but no Candida (93.9%. Candida was isolated in 58 patients (41.1%, 21 (45.6 % had blood glucose greater than 126 mg/dl, and 37 (38.9% had less than 126 mg/dl. The most frequent species was C. albicans (82.7%. Forty-two Candida carriers had salivary flow greater than 20 mm (72.4%, and 16 (27.5% had hyposalivation. Candida was isolated in 25 of 79 patients with dental prosthesis (31.6%, 9 of 15 were smokers (60%, and 22 of 71 had symptoms (30.9%. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of oral Candida carriers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexico was similar to that found in other countries; exfoliative cytology was effective in finding Candida; salivary flow rate, use of prosthesis, and presence of oral lesions and symptoms were similar in oral Candida carriers and negative patients. Most smokers were Candida carriers. FUNDAMENTOS: A prevalência de candidíase oral em pacientes diabéticos é de 13,7- 64%. A espécie mais frequentemente isolada é Candida albicans(75-86,5%. OBJETIVO: Obter a prevalência de portadores de Candida em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 para identificar as espécies da levedura

  13. Oral benign fibrous histiocytoma: two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Menditti, Dardo; Laino, Luigi; Mezzogiorno, Antonio; Sava, Sara; Bianchi, Alexander; Caruso, Giovanni; Di Maio, Luigi; Baldi, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a benign soft tissue tumour arising as a fibrous mass everywhere in the human body. The involvement of the oral cavity is rare. We report two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma that localized in the oral cavity. The clinical and histological features of the lesion are reported. Finally, a literature revision of this pathology at the level of the oral cavity is reported.

  14. Exame da cavidade bucal de pacientes com câncer: avaliação clínica e dosagem indireta de óxido nítrico Examen de la cavidad oral de los pacientes con cáncer: evaluación clínica y medición indirecta de óxido nítrico Examination of the oral cavities of patients with cancer: clinical evaluation and indirect measurement of the nitric oxide level

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    Emilia Campos de Carvalho

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo buscou-se verificar associação entre avaliação clínica da cavidade oral (pelos Índices de dentes Cariados,Perdidos e Obturados e Índice de Higiene Oral - Simplificado e a determinação indireta de óxido nítrico em pacientes com patologias onco-hematológicas. Trata-se de estudo observacional, no qual foram incluídos vinte sujeitos internados, diagnosticados com Leucemia (35%, Linfoma (50%, Mieloma (15%, em avaliação para início de quimioterapia, sendo que 50% apresentaram normalidade da condição bucal (sem lesões ou traumas; a maioria apresentou higiene satisfatória (35% ou regular (35%, porém, 30% tiveram higiene deficiente ou péssima. A expressão indireta do óxido nítrico variou de 13,34 a 257. O óxido nítrico não apresentou associação com os outros parâmetros; houve grande variabilidade de seus valores. Novos estudos são necessários, em especial pela potencialidade deste indicador na detecção precoce de alterações bucais.Este estudio observacional buscó verificar la asociación entre evaluación clínica de la cavidad oral (por medio de el índice de dientes cariados, perdidos y obturados y el índice de higiene oral simplificado y la determinación indirecta de óxido nítrico en pacientes con enfermedades oncohematológicas. Estudio observacional, que incluyó a 20 pacientes hospitalizados, con diagnóstico de leucemia (35%, linfoma (50%, mieloma (15%, bajo evaluación para el inicio de la quimioterapia, de los cuales el 50% tenía salud bucal normal (sin lesión o trauma. La mayoría mostró higiene satisfactoria (35% o regular (35%, pero el 30% tenía mala o muy mala higiene. La expresión indirecta del óxido nítrico varió de 13,34 hasta 257. El óxido nítrico no presentó asociación con otros parámetros, hubo gran variabilidad de los valores. Se necesitan más estudios, en particular, el potencial de este indicador para la detección precoz de las enfermedades bucodentales

  15. Contribuição para a utilização de um sistema informático de apoio à decisão clínica no diagnóstico de patologias de tecidos duros na cavidade oral : estudo piloto

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, Artur Filipe Coelho

    2012-01-01

    Introdução: Sistemas de apoio à decisão clínica (SADC) são programas de computador, desenvolvidos para dar apoio especializado a profissionais de saúde no processo de tomada de decisão clínica. Em Medicina Dentária, imagens radiográficas são um dos principais suportes auxiliares para um diagnóstico correto. O ORAD II é um SADC desenvolvido para avaliar as características clínicas e radiográficas de lesões intraósseas da cavidade oral, a fim de auxiliar no diagnóstico clínico. Objetivo: Avalia...

  16. Differences in exoenzyme production and adherence ability of Candida spp. isolates from catheter, blood and oral cavity Diferenças na produção de exoenzimas e habilidade de aderência entre isolados de espécies de Candida provenientes do cateter, sangue e cavidade bucal

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    Carolina Rodrigues Costa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Phospholipase and proteinase production and the ability of adhesion to buccal epithelial cells (BEC of 112 Candida isolates originated from oral cavity of HIV infected patients and from blood and catheter of intensive care unit patients were investigated. The proteinase production was detected by inoculation into bovine serum albumin (BSA agar and the phospholipase activity was performed using egg yolk emulsion. A yeast suspension of each test strain was incubated with buccal epithelial cells and the number of adherence yeast to epithelial cells was counted. A percentage of 88.1% and 55.9% of Candida albicans and 69.8% and 37.7% of non-albicans Candida isolates produced proteinase and phospholipase, respectively. Non-albicans Candida isolated from catheter were more proteolytic than C. albicans isolates. Blood isolates were more proteolytic than catheter and oral cavity isolates while oral cavity isolates produced more phospholipase than those from blood and catheter. C. albicans isolates from oral cavity and from catheter were more adherent to BEC than non-albicans Candida isolates, but the adhesion was not different among the three sources analyzed. The results indicated differences in the production of phospholipase and proteinase and in the ability of adhesion to BEC among Candida spp. isolates from different sources. This study suggests that the pathogenicity of Candida can be correlated with the infected site.A produção de proteinase e fosfolipase e habilidade de adesão à célula epitelial bucal de 112 isolados de Candida originadas da cavidade bucal de pacientes infectados pelo HIV e de sangue e cateter de pacientes hospitalizados foram investigados. A produção de proteinase foi detectada por inoculação em ágar soro albumina bovina e a atividade de fosfolipase foi realizada usando emulsão de gema de ovo. A suspensão de levedura de cada isolado foi incubada com célula epitelial e o número de leveduras aderidas a c

  17. Una técnica para la extirpación de los órganos vomeronasales en el armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. Abordaje desde la cavidad bucal - A surgical procedure for the ablation of the Vomeronasal Organs in the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. Approach from oral cavity

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    Iodice, O. H.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSe describen los pasos de un procedimiento quirúrgico para la extirpación bilateral de los órganos vomeronasales del armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Mammalia, Xenarthra. Cada órgano está ubicado en el piso de la cavidad nasal, adosado a cada lado del tabique nasal. Los órganos se abordan a través de unaabertura practicada en el techo de la cavidad bucal. Este procedimiento se realiza bajo lupa estereoscópica y permite una visualización directa de los órganos Los mismos se destruyen por medio de una fresa accionada por un torno. De este modo se tiene la certeza de una ablación total. La posterior verificación por mediode cortes histológicos no es por lo tanto necesaria. Esto representa una ventaja importante puesto que las características físicas del hueso de estos animales requieren períodos largos de ablandamiento (generalmente alrededor tres meses. SummaryA surgical procedure for the bilateral ablation of the vomeronasal organs of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Mammalia, Xenarthra is described. The organs are approached from the roof of the oral cavity through a longitudinal slit performed with a dental drill. This procedure is performed under magnifying stereoscopic lens and permits the direct visualization of the organs. Those structures are then destroyed with the dental drill. This provides certainty of totalablation. As a consequence, verification by means of histological sections is not needed. This represents an important advantage since the physical characteristics of the bone of these animals require long periods of softening (usually around three months.

  18. Freqüência e atividade enzimática de Candida spp. na cavidade oral de pacientes diabéticos do serviço de endocrinologia de um hospital de Fortaleza-CE Frequency and enzymatic activity of Candida spp. oral cavity of diabetic patients of the service of endocrinology of a hospital of Fortaleza-CE

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    Everardo Albuquerque Menezes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O diabetes mellitus (DM, uma doença endócrino-metabólica de alta e crescente prevalência, é citada como responsável pela ocorrência das candidíases orais. A candidíase constitui um espectro de infecções causadas por fungos do gênero Candida, sendo o seu agente mais comum a Candida albicans, embora outras espécies tenham sido identificadas (Candida tropicalis, Candida guillermondii, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a freqüência e a atividade enzimática de Candida spp. na cavidade oral de pacientes diabéticos atendidos no Serviço de Endocrinologia do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio da Universidade Federal do Ceará (HUWC/UFC. Foram coletadas amostras de 48 pacientes diabéticos, de ambos os sexos, com situações variáveis de controle glicêmico. Os materiais clínicos foram colhidos com ajuda de swabs e semeados em placas de Petri contendo ágar-Sabouraud dextrose com cloranfenicol e incubado a 37°C. Os crescimentos foram identificados pelas provas clássicas usadas em micologia. Depois, essas cepas de Candida foram submetidas a provas de detecção de enzimas fosfolipase e proteinase. Destas, 15 amostras (31,25% apresentaram cultura positiva para o gênero Candida. A espécie mais freqüente foi a C. albicans, com 80%, seguida de C. tropicalis (13,3% e C. guillermondii (6,7%. Quanto à pesquisa da atividade enzimática de Candida spp., foi observado que 86,6% delas apresentaram atividade de proteinase e 80%, de fosfolipase. Conclui-se com tais resultados que a C. albicans é a mais freqüente e que as espécies de Candida isoladas possuem fortes atividades enzimáticas.Diabetes mellitus, a endocrine-metabolic disease, of high and increasing prevalence, is cited as responsible by the occurrence of oral candidiasis. Candidiasis constitutes a specter of infections caused by fungi of genera Candida; the most common agent is Candida albicans, but other species have also been

  19. Neurofibromatose tipo 1 com manifestação oral: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Neurofibromatosis type 1 with oral manifestation: a case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollianna Muniz Alves

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A neurofibromatose tipo 1 é uma condição hereditária autossômica dominante caracterizada pela presença de tumores benignos na pele, alterações em sistema nervoso, ossos e glândulas endócrinas, e que pode ser acompanhada de leve retardo mental, convulsões, tumores malignos, displasia esquelética e desordem da pigmentação. O trabalho tem como objetivo relatar o caso de uma paciente portadora de neurofibromatose tipo 1 com manifestação na cavidade oral, representada pela presença de extensa massa nodular na língua, além de fazer uma breve revisão dessa condição. Concluiu-se que, apesar de a neurofibromatose tipo 1 ser uma condição rara que pode apresentar manifestação na cavidade oral, é de extrema importância o seu conhecimento por parte dos cirurgiões-dentistas e da atuação de uma equipe multidisciplinar.Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by the presence of benign skin tumors, alterations in the nervous system, bones and endocrine glands. It may be followed by mild mental retardation, convulsions, malignant tumors, osseous dysplasia and abnormal pigmentation. The aim of this paper is not only to report the case of a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 with manifestation in the oral cavity, represented by the presence of a large nodular mass in the tongue, but also to undertake a brief review of this condition. The work concluded that, despite the fact that neurofibromatosis type 1 is a rare condition, which may present manifestations in the oral cavity, its study is of paramount importance to dental surgeons and multidisciplinary groups.

  20. Acondicionamiento de cavidades terapéuticas

    OpenAIRE

    Berástegui, Esther; Pumarola Suñé, José; Roig Cayón, Miguel

    1997-01-01

    La aparición de materiales nuevos obliga a replantearse la preparación del sustrato dental para recibir el material de obturaión. El objetivo de estudio fue analizar la situación actual en lo referente al acondicionamiento de cavidades en operatoria dental previa a la obturación. Para ello se ha revisado la literatura más moderna en tres aspectos: la tinción de la caries, desinfección y la protección del complejo pulpodentinario. Después del estudio del tema llegamos a la conclusión que la de...

  1. Evaluation of radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment in patients of oral squamous cell carcinoma; Avaliacao dos resultados dos tratamentos radioterapico e quimioterapico em pacientes portadores de carcinoma espinocelular na cavidade bucal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sannomiya, Eduardo Kazuo [Universidade de Santo Amaro (UNISA), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Dept. de Diagnostico e Cirurgia; Medici Filho, Edmundo; Moraes, Luiz Cesar de; Castilho, Julio Cezar de Melo [UNESP, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Dept. de Cirurgia, Periodontia e Radiologia; Furukawa, Souhei [Osaka Univ. (Japan). Faculdade de Odontologia. Dept. de Radiologia e Radioterapia Buco-Maxilo-Facial

    2003-12-01

    We evaluated the effectiveness of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, 1042 cases where reviewed in School Dentistry - Osaka Univ. Seven hundred and fifteen were male and three hundred and twenty-seven were female. Ora cancer was affected more male than female patients, with mean age of 582 years old. The tongue was the most common anatomic localization of oral cancer. In tongue, the use of external radiotherapy y combined with brachytherapy and brachytherapy isolated presented better results than chemotherapy combined with external radiotherapy. In buccal mucosa, there was not differences in the treatment's results using external radiotherapy and combined chemotherapy and external radiotherapy. In tongue's floor and upper and jaw gingiva the combined treatment with chemotherapy and external radiotherapy presented better results than isolated external radiotherapy. (author)

  2. Irradiation effects of GaAlAs ({lambda}=830 nm) laser on oral traumatic ulceration; Avaliacao dos efeitos da irradiacao de ulceras traumaticas na cavidade bucal com o laser de GaAlAs ({lambda}=830 nm)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senna, Andre Machado de

    2003-07-01

    Low intensity GaAlAs ({lambda}=830 nm) laser irradiation effects on oral traumatic ulceration were evaluated. For this purpose, twenty patients presenting orthodontic appliance - induced oral traumatic ulceration were randomly distributed in two groups. Patients in group 1 were submitted to the irradiation procedure and group 2 was the control one. The irradiation parameters employed were the following: wavelength 830 nm, one single application of 4 J/cm{sup 2}, punctual in the contact mode and 30 mW power. The control group received the conventional treatment, consisting on topical application of Triancinolon based ointment four times a day. For both groups the agent responsible for the trauma was removed or covered with utility wax whenever removal was impossible. The results were evaluated concerning the wounds size reduction and pain relief. The time of laser irradiation was considered the starting time (time zero) and analysis were done 24 hours, 48 hours and seven days after that. The statistical analysis showed an acceleration in the healing process as well accentuated pain reduction for the irradiated group compared to the control one. These evidences allows us to indicate this protocol of one single application of 4 J/cm{sup 2} as therapy when patients with oral traumatic ulceration can not attend several sessions for a multiple application procedure. (author)

  3. Carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidad bucal en un centro de tercer nivel de atención social en la ciudad de México: Experiencia de cinco años Oral cavity squamous cells carcinoma, 5 years experience in a third level social assistence center, in Mexico city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Meza García

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available El carcinoma epidermoide o de células escamosas, es una neoplasia maligna que se origina de las células escamosas del epitelio que recubre la mucosa, es la más frecuente de la cavidad bucal. Objetivo: determinar si la supervivencia y muerte de los pacientes con carcinoma epidermoide de cavidad bucal, asociada a la edad, género, factores de riesgo, grado histológico y tratamiento recibido. Método: Se revisaron los archivos del servicio de Anatomía Patológica del Centro Médico Nacional "20 de Noviembre" de 1997 al 2001 (49.615 registros histopatológicos. Sólo 149 con diagnóstico de carcinoma epidermoide en cavidad bucal, y presentaban las variables: edad, género, alcoholismo, tabaquismo, enfermedades de transmisión sexual, ocupación, enfermedades sistémicas, uso de prótesis dental, antecedentes familiares oncológicos, liquen plano bucal; grado de diferenciación histológica, localización, tratamiento, recurrencia, metástasis, supervivencia y muerte; se analizaron los resultados con la prueba de Fisher. Resultados: De los 149 sólo 49 casos contaban con todos los datos, de éstos, la relación hombre-mujer 2:1, localización más frecuente la lengua, grado de diferenciación: 35 casos bien diferenciados (71,4%, 9 moderadamente diferenciados (18,4% y 5 poco diferenciados (10,2%. Los factores de riesgo, uso de tabaco (65,3% y alcohol (63,3%; ambas en 55,1%; hipertensión arterial 10,2% y Diabetes Mellitus 26,5%. antecedentes heredofamiliares oncológicos 22,45%. El tratamiento fue la combinación de quimioterapia, cirugía y radioterapia (59,2%. El seguimiento de los pacientes desde un mes hasta 120 meses con una media de 34,85 meses. La recurrencia se presentó en 23 de 49 casos (46,9%. presentaron metástasis 16 pacientes (32,2%. 11 de los 49 murieron (22,45%. Discusión: Las asociaciones más importantes fueron las siguientes: entre la muerte y los antecedentes heredofamiliares oncológicos (p = 0,094 y entre el grado de

  4. Metastatic Tumours to the Oral Cavity: Report of Three Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Kalaitsidou, Ioanna G.; Ioannis T. Astreidis; Kontos, Konstantinos I.; Lazaridou, Maria N.; Eleni T. Bourlidou; Gerasimidou, Domniki K; Vladika, Natalia P.; Mangoudi, Doxa L.

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background Metastatic tumours to the oral cavity from distant organs are uncommon and represent approximately 1 - 3% of all oral malignancies. Such metastases can occur to the bone or to the oral soft tissues. Almost any malignancy from any site is capable of metastasis to the oral cavity and a wide variety of tumours have been reported to spread to the mouth. Methods Careful examination of the oral cavity and a high degree of clinical suspicion as well as a multidisciplinary approac...

  5. Una técnica para la extirpación de los órganos vomeronasales en el armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. Abordaje desde la cavidad bucal - A surgical procedure for the ablation of the Vomeronasal Organs in the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. Approach from oral cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Iodice, O. H.; Cervino, C. O.; Affanni, J. M.

    2010-01-01

    ResumenSe describen los pasos de un procedimiento quirúrgico para la extirpación bilateral de los órganos vomeronasales del armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Mammalia, Xenarthra). Cada órgano está ubicado en el piso de la cavidad nasal, adosado a cada lado del tabique nasal. Los órganos se abordan a través de unaabertura practicada en el techo de la cavidad bucal. Este procedimiento se realiza bajo lupa estereoscópica y permite una visualización directa de los órganos Los mismos se destruyen...

  6. Carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidad bucal en un centro de tercer nivel de atención social en la ciudad de México: Experiencia de cinco años Oral cavity squamous cells carcinoma, 5 years experience in a third level social assistence center, in Mexico city

    OpenAIRE

    G. Meza García; J.J. Muñoz Ibarra; C. Páez Valencia; B. Cruz Legorreta; Aldape Barrios, B.

    2009-01-01

    El carcinoma epidermoide o de células escamosas, es una neoplasia maligna que se origina de las células escamosas del epitelio que recubre la mucosa, es la más frecuente de la cavidad bucal. Objetivo: determinar si la supervivencia y muerte de los pacientes con carcinoma epidermoide de cavidad bucal, asociada a la edad, género, factores de riesgo, grado histológico y tratamiento recibido. Método: Se revisaron los archivos del servicio de Anatomía Patológica del Centro Médico Nacional "20 de N...

  7. Report Hints Zika Can Spread Through Oral Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... html Report Hints Zika Can Spread Through Oral Sex French finding adds to growing evidence that sexual ... the Zika virus can be transmitted through oral sex. Zika is typically spread through the bite of ...

  8. Oral histoplasmosis masquerading as oral cancer in HIV-infected patient: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed, Shafiulla; Sinha, Mahua; Chavan, Purushottam; Premalata, CS; Shivaprakash,; Chakrabarti, Arunaloke; Jayshree, Rudrapatna S

    2012-01-01

    Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycoses caused by Histoplasma capsulatum with endemicity around midwestern United States and central America. The endemicity of histoplasmosis in India is not clearly known. Histoplasmosis, especially oral histoplasmosis, is now increasingly being reported from India. We report here a culture-confirmed and sequence confirmed, oral histoplasmosis in a HIV seropositive individual who was referred to our regional cancer centre with a suspicion of oral cancer.

  9. Primary oral leishmaniasis mimicking oral cancer: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celentano, A; Ruoppo, E; Mansueto, G; Mignogna, M D

    2015-04-01

    Primary mucosal leishmaniasis is a rare infectious disease, particularly in immunocompetent patients. We present a 50-year-old patient with a 6-week history of a painful lesion of the left buccal mucosa that mimicked cancer. The exophytic lesion looked invasive, and we took an incisional biopsy specimen to exclude cancer. The diagnosis of leishmaniasis was unexpected, and the patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B for five weeks. After five months the patient had a visceral recurrence. Chronic exophytic and ulcerated mucosal lesions that do not heal within 3-4 weeks should be regarded as the first signs of oral cancer, but primary oral leishmaniasis can easily mimic it. PMID:25701438

  10. Oral metastases: report of 24 cases.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waal, van der RI; Buter, J.; Waal, van der I.

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To study patients with oral metastatic tumours for the distribution of sex and age, the oral site and histopathological type of the metastasis, the primary tumour site and length of follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who had an oral metastasis diagnosed during the period January 1970

  11. Associations between Indigenous Australian oral health literacy and self-reported oral health outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamieson Lisa M

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives To determine oral health literacy (REALD-30 and oral health literacy-related outcome associations, and to calculate if oral health literacy-related outcomes are risk indicators for poor self-reported oral health among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australians. Methods 468 participants (aged 17-72 years, 63% female completed a self-report questionnaire. REALD-30 and oral health literacy-related outcome associations were determined through bivariate analysis. Multivariate modelling was used to calculate risk indicators for poor self-reported oral health. Results REALD-30 scores were lower among those who believed teeth should be infrequently brushed, believed cordial was good for teeth, did not own a toothbrush or owned a toothbrush but brushed irregularly. Tooth removal risk indicators included being older, problem-based dental attendance and believing cordial was good for teeth. Poor self-rated oral health risk indicators included being older, healthcare card ownership, difficulty paying dental bills, problem-based dental attendance, believing teeth should be brushed infrequently and irregular brushing. Perceived need for dental care risk indicators included being female and problem-based dental attendance. Perceived gum disease risk indicators included being older and irregular brushing. Feeling uncomfortable about oro-facial appearance risk indicators included problem-based dental attendance and irregular brushing. Food avoidance risk indicators were being female, difficulty paying dental bills, problem-based dental attendance and irregular brushing. Poor oral health-related quality of life risk indicators included difficulty paying dental bills and problem-based dental attendance. Conclusions REALD-30 was significantly associated with oral health literacy-related outcomes. Oral health literacy-related outcomes were risk indicators for each of the poor self-reported oral health domains among this marginalised population.

  12. Report on World Workshops on Oral Medicine IV and V

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peterson, DE; Lodi, Giovanni; Jensen, Siri Beier;

    2014-01-01

    The first World Workshop on Oral Medicine (WWOM) was held in 1988. The portfolio has continued to expand in scope and impact over the past twenty-six years. Five World Workshops were conducted between 1988 and 2010, focusing on creation of systematic reviews in biomedicine and health care of...... (EAOM), together with The British Society for Oral Medicine and the Oral Medicine Academy of Australasia. The goal of the WWOM portfolio is to strategically enhance international oral medicine research, education, and clinical practice. To this end, this report summarizes subject areas for WWOM IV (2004...

  13. An oral ulceration associated with Morgellons disease: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosskopf, Courtney; Desai, Bhavik; Stoopler, Eric T

    2011-08-01

    Morgellons disease is a psycho-dermatologic condition in which patients report fibers or filaments "growing" out of their skin. This case report highlights an oral ulceration in a young woman associated with Morgellons disease, a condition that has not been previously described in the dental literature. An increasing number of individuals are self-reporting this condition and oral health care providers must be familiar with this disorder. PMID:21749875

  14. Oral Phenytoin Toxicity Causing Sinus Arrest: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thimmisetty, Ravi K.; Gorthi, Janardhana Rao

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of sinus node arrest leading to symptomatic junctional bradycardia from oral phenytoin toxicity, which is a rare presentation. Our patient had no prior cardiac history and was on phenytoin therapy for seizure disorder. Although bradycardia is more commonly associated with intravenous phenytoin and there were few case reports of bradycardia with oral phenytoin reported, the literature is limited. In this case report, we also reviewed the pathophysiology of phenytoin-induced cardiac toxicity. PMID:25343048

  15. Self-reported oral hygiene practices among adults in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Lisa Bøge; Petersen, Poul Erik; Krustrup, Ulla;

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the present level of oral hygiene practices in the Danish adult population aged 16 or above, in particular to analyse how self-care practices in terms of oral hygiene habits and cleaning of dentures are affected by socio-economic factors, dental status, actual dental visiting......-administered questionnaires. The response rate was 66%. RESULTS: Toothbrushing twice-a-day was reported by 68% of the dentates while 32% brushed their teeth once-a-day or less frequent. Daily use of toothpicks was reported by 28% while daily use of dental floss was reported by 11%. Oral hygiene habits were more frequent...

  16. Oral cavity metastasis of renal cell carcinoma: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Will Thomas; Agarwal Neena; Petruzzelli Guy

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Despite being reported rarely, renal cell carcinoma is the third most frequent neoplasm to metastasize to the head and neck region preceded only by breast and lung cancer. Little information exists regarding the presentation and work-up of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the oral cavity. Case presentation We report the case of a 63-year-old Caucasian man presenting with an oral cavity lesion that was painful and that had grown substantially over several months. Biopsy...

  17. Work Group report: oral food challenge testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak-Wegrzyn, Anna; Assa'ad, Amal H; Bahna, Sami L; Bock, S Allan; Sicherer, Scott H; Teuber, Suzanne S

    2009-06-01

    Oral food challenges are procedures conducted by allergists/immunologists to make an accurate diagnosis of immediate, and occasionally delayed, adverse reactions to foods. The timing of the challenge is carefully chosen based on the individual patient history and the results of skin prick tests and food specific serum IgE values. The type of the challenge is determined by the history, the age of the patient, and the likelihood of encountering subjective reactions. The food challenge requires preparation of the patient for the procedure and preparation of the office for the organized conduct of the challenge, for a careful assessment of the symptoms and signs and the treatment of reactions. The starting dose, the escalation of the dosing, and the intervals between doses are determined based on experience and the patient's history. The interpretation of the results of the challenge and arrangements for follow-up after a challenge are important. A negative oral food challenge result allows introduction of the food into the diet, whereas a positive oral food challenge result provides a sound basis for continued avoidance of the food. PMID:19500710

  18. Tuberculosis of the Oral Cavity Affecting Alveolus: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Bipin Kumar

    2011-01-01

    We report a first case of tuberculosis of oral cavity affecting the left alveolus from Nepal in a 63-year-old male who came to otorhinolaryngology outpatient department with a complaint of an ulcer in the oral cavity and pain in bilateral ear and throat. An ulcer measuring 1.8 cm in diameter with irregular friable margin and bleeding on touch was found in the left upper alveolar region of the oral cavity. Biopsy from the ulcer margin revealed histological features of necrotizing granulomatous...

  19. Evaluation of effects of laser irradiation therapy ({lambda}=830 nm) on oral ulceration induced by fixed orthodontic appliances; Efeito terapeutico da irradiacao com laser de arseneto de galio aluminio ({lambda}=830 nm) em lesoes provocadas pelo aparelho ortodontico fixo na cavidade oral

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Maria Teresa Jabur

    2001-07-01

    Twenty patients presenting fixed orthodontic appliance - induced oral ulceration were randomly chosen for this study. These patients were then divided into two groups. In Group ,1 the ulceration was submitted to low intensity infrared laser ({lambda}=830 nm), at 30 mW fluency per point 1,3 J/cm{sup 2} at an exposure time ranging from 3s to 33s, depending on ulceration size. Ulceration was irradiated on the first day, the process being repeated 24 and then 48 hours later. Evaluations were made seven days after the first irradiation. Group 2 comprised of patients who were exposed to conventional treatment where wax was used to cover the afflicted area. These patients also took triancinolona. Evaluation was made on the same day. In both groups the cause of irritation was eliminated whenever was possible. Clinical results pointed out that the healing process was slightly faster in cases of LILT treated oral ulceration. The latter also presented significant decrease in symptoms of pain. Comparative statistical evaluation results between both groups has shown that in the case of Group 1 patients (those submitted to low-intensity infrared laser beam): 1) Healing process was faster with reduction of sore areas; 2) immediate relief of pain following first irradiation, as stated by patients. Taking into consideration the vast amount of patients who are bearers of fixed orthodontic appliances and whose most usual and frequent complaint is pain and irritation, the use of LILT is highly recommended due to its simplicity and efficacy. (author)

  20. Heat transfer study for convection and radiation in an open cavity; Estudio de de la transferencia de calor por convencion y radiacion en una cavidad abierta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabanillas Lopez, Rafael E [Universidad de Sonora, Hermosillo, Sonora (Mexico); Estrada Gasca, Claudio A [Centro de Investigacion en Energia-UNAM, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico); Alvarez Garcia, Gabriela S [CENIDET, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    Interaction of natural convection and radiation heat transfer in an open side square cavity has been simulated numerically. Previous studies have shown results of the simulation of heat transfer for convection on this geometry. This paper reports the effect of considering both the convection and the radiation mechanisms. Radiation was found to have a great influence on the total amount of heat lost by the cavity as well as on the pattern of flow and on the temperature field. Computations were performed within the domain of the cavity for two-dimensional laminar flow problem. The average of heat transfer coefficient was calculated for several values of the Grashof number for air (Pr = 0.7), with the bottom wall at 500 K (constant temperature) and the open side at 300 K. [Spanish] Se presenta el estudio de la interaccion conveccion natural-radiacion en una cavidad rectangular abierta. Algunos estudios anteriores han mostrado resultados sobre la transferencia de calor por el mecanismo de conveccion natural sobre cavidades abiertas. Aqui se presenta la influencia de considerar ambos mecanismos de transferencia de calor, la conveccion y la radiacion. Se demuestra que el intercambio radiactivo tiene una gran influencia tanto en la cantidad total de calor perdido por la cavidad al ambiente, como en el patron de flujo y de temperatura dentro de la cavidad. Se resuelven numericamente las ecuaciones gobernantes para flujo laminar en dos dimensiones y se calcula el coeficiente promedio de transferencia de calor para diferentes valores del Grashof en una cavidad llena de aire (Pr 0.7), teniendo la pared del fondo de la cavidad a 500 K y los alrededores a 300 K.

  1. Malignant melanoma of the oral cavity: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Munde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant melanoma is a rare and aggressive neoplasm that originates from the proliferation of melanocytes. Although, it comprises 1.3% of all cancers, malignant melanoma of the oral cavity accounts for only 0.2-8% of all reported melanomas and occurs approximately 4 times more frequently in the oral mucosa of the upper jaw, usually on the palate or alveolar gingivae. Most of the mucosal melanomas are usually asymptomatic in early stages, and presents as pigmented patch or a mass delaying the diagnosis until symptoms of swelling, ulceration, bleeding, or loosening of teeth are noted. The prognosis is extremely poor, especially in advanced stages. Therefore, any pigmented lesion of undetermined origin should always be biopsied. We herewith report of two cases of oral malignant melanoma in a 60 and 75-year-old female.

  2. Oral Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Two Case Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Manoela Seadi; Munerato, Maria Cristina

    2016-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are known as chronic inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract, represented mainly by Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Among the main oral manifestations of IBD are cobblestoning of the oral mucosa, labial swellings with vertical fissures, pyostomatitis vegetans, angular cheilitis, perioral erythema, and glossitis. In this sense, understanding these nosological entities by dentists would help reach early and differential diagnosis. Thus, two case reports are presented and discussed based on theoretical references obtained by a literature review. The first case report refers to an adult patient whose IBD diagnosis was established after stomatological assessment. The second case was a patient with CD diagnosed in childhood with characteristic oral lesions. PMID:26864508

  3. Consideraciones orales del síndrome de Kawasaki: Descripción de un caso clínico Oral considerations of Kawasaki syndrome: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Figueiredo; P.D.S. Pires; D.D. Faustino-Silva; M.O. Cernicchiaro; R. Squef

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar un caso clínico y revisar la literatura existente sobre el Síndrome de Kawasaki (SK) tan frecuente en pacientes con necesidades especiales. Las características clínicas de esta patología se observan ya en niños muy jóvenes, en la gran mayoría de los casos menores de 5 años de edad. Esta es una patología que puede llevar al óbito, pues revela un compromiso cardíaco importante. Hay señales y síntomas en la cavidad oral en la fase aguda de la enferme...

  4. Anatomia da cavidade bucofaringeana de Sorubim trigonocephalus (Siluriformes, Osteichthyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano de Oliveira Schuingues

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sorubim trigonocephalus Miranda et Ribeiro, 1920 conhecido popularmente como chinelo, é uma espécie migratória, de importância econômica. Bastante apreciado na gastronomia por apresentar sabor agradável e sem ossos intermusculares (espinhos. Os exemplares foram coletados em um trecho no Rio Teles Pires, localizado no município de Alta Floresta/MT. Anestesiados e sacrificados em solução aquosa de benzocaína, fixados com solução de formoldeído a 10%, transferidos para o Laboratório de Anatomia Animal/Unemat para descrição das características da cavidade bucofaringeana. Esta espécie apresentou uma pré-maxila bem desenvolvida e cabeça achatada dorsoventralmente, boca localizada na porção ventral média da cabeça, com fenda bucal ampla. Os lábios superiores apresentaram pigmentação cinza escuro com pequenas áreas claras, sendo mais largos que os inferiores e não apresentaram pigmentação. Foram identificadas quatro regiões dentígeras na porção anterior da cavidade bucal e duas na região da faringe, todas com dentes viliformes. A porção posterior da cavidade bucal era limitada lateralmente por quatro pares de arcos branquiais que decresciam em tamanho do primeiro ao último par, crânio-caudal, formados por dois ramos: o superior, mais curto, e o inferior, mais longo. A cavidade bucofaringeana de S. trigonocephalus se mostrou semelhante à de outros teleósteos descritos na literatura, estando adaptado ao hábito alimentar com dieta carnívoro-ictiofágica e diferindo apenas pela ausência de língua estrutural com pré maxila bem desenvolvida apresentando dentes viliformes.

  5. Betel quid-induced oral lichen planus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoopler, Eric T; Parisi, Ernesta; Sollecito, Thomas P

    2003-04-01

    The social use of betel nut is relatively common in certain geographic areas, especially India and Southeast Asia. The term betel nut does not truly describe the product that is chewed; rather, the term quid is more accurate because it refers to a substance or mixture of substances, including the areca nut, that are chewed and remain in contact with the mucosa. Betel quid is a type of quid that contains betel leaf. Chewer's mucosa and oral submucous fibrosis are clinical entities that have been associated with betel quid use. We report a case of oral lichen planus induced by betel quid use in a 79-year-old Cambodian woman. PMID:12729096

  6. Oral ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnof, Jason E; Friedman, Joel M; Reich, Renee; Freedman, Paul D; Behrman, David A

    2009-10-01

    Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor (ECMT) of the oral cavity is a rare lesion. We describe the 33rd reported case in the current English-language literature. This patient had originally presented 5 years earlier with a tongue neoplasm with biopsy results consistent with nerve sheath myxoma. A general surgical pathologist gave the patient's current lesion a preliminary diagnosis of low-grade sarcoma. After further evaluation by an oral and maxillofacial pathologist, the diagnosis of ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor was established. It is important for clinicians to have a better understanding of ECMT, so as to avoid future misdiagnosis of this entity. PMID:19716722

  7. Primary Oral Myiasis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Bhola

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis commonly refers to invasion of live human or animal tissue by fly larvae of the Diptera order where they complete their cycle totally or in part, feeding on living or dead tissue, as well as on body fluids. Infestation of tissues of vertebrate species is pandemic but more frequently found in tropical and subtropical countries where poor hygiene, poor housing infrastructure, warm humid climate, and proximity with domestic animals prevail. Its diagnosis is made basically by the presence of larvae. The present paper reports a case of gingival myiasis involving 14–16 larvae in a 12-year-old boy.

  8. Levorphanol for excruciating pain from oral cancer: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNulty, Jack P

    2007-01-01

    In the United States the most common cancers of the head and neck are those of the oral cavity and pharynx. In 2007, oral cancer will be diganosed in more than 37,000 Americans and will claim more than 7,500 lives. The report presented here describes a case of extrarodinary pain in a woman with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the hard palate. At the time of her referral for hospice care, she was experiencing excruciating, unremitting, chronic pain graded 10 of 10 on a standard pain scale. Her analgesic treatment consisted of opioids prescribed in increasingly higher doses until they were ineffective, the effects of treatment could not be tolerated, or she could not swallow the quantity or oral medication needed to provide relief. Only the opioid levorphanol has provided effective analgesia with few adverse effects, and the patient's malignant pain is manageable with far fewer doses of oral medication. Comments from the patient's physician, the pain management specialist who provided the successful conversion between analgesic therapies, the patient's husband, and the compounding pharmacist who used his own funds to pay in advance for treatment are provided. Formulations of compounded levorphanol are also featured, and the patient described in this report kindly discusses the results of her treatment. PMID:23996023

  9. Oral focal mucinosis in an adolescent: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J G; Allen, G; Moore, L; Gue, S

    2012-03-01

    Oral focal mucinosis (OFM) is an uncommon soft tissue lesion of unknown aetiology. Clinically, it is most commonly found on the gingiva and presents as a painless, sessile or pedunculated mass that is the same colour as surrounding mucosa. Histologically, it is characterized by focal myxoid degeneration of connective tissue. OFM occurs predominantly in adults during the fourth and fifth decade of life, although it has been reported infrequently in children and adolescents. Diagnosis relies on histological analysis and treatment involves complete surgical excision. Recurrence is unreported. This case report describes the clinical and histological presentation and subsequent management of OFM in an adolescent female patient. PMID:22369564

  10. Snus (nass and oral cancer: A case series report

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    Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Snus (nass is a form of snuff used in a similar manner to American dipping tobacco, but it does not typically result in a need for spitting. Possible hazards associated with this material include malignant and premalignant lesions in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract. The use of smokeless tobacco has increased in the Middle East in recent decades, particularly among teenagers and young adults. Therefore, practitioners must be able to recognize malignant and premalignant lesions. Although, an estimated 10-25% of the world′s population uses smokeless tobacco, this practice is virtually unknown in Iran. The aim of this study is to report a series of cases of squamous cell carcinoma and verrucous carcinoma occurring in the users of snus, who referred to the Department of Oral Medicine in Kerman Dental School.

  11. Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Induced Oral Mucositis Using a Patient-Reported Oral Mucositis Experience Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Gussgard, Anne Margrete; Hope, Andrew; Jokstad, Asbjørn; Tenenbaum, Howard; Wood, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Treatment of oral mucositis (OM) is challenging. In order to develop and test useful treatment approaches, the development of reliable, reproducible and simpler methods than are currently available for assessment of OM is important. A Patient-Reported Oral Mucositis Symptom (PROMS) scale was assessed in patients with head and neck cancer to determine if the patient-reported OM experience, as determined by using the PROMS scale, correlate with OM assessed by clinician-based scori...

  12. Large oral lipoma: Case report and literature review in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Motagi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lipoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor of fat with uncertain pathogenesis. Although the most common mesenchymal neoplasm in trunk and proximal portions of the extremities, it is rarely seen in the oral cavity. Oral lipomas are clinically soft, smooth-surfaced nodular masses that mostly are less than 3 cm in size. Typically the tumor is asymptomatic unless bitten or become noticeable because of their size. The buccal mucosa and buccal vestibule are the most common intraoral sites and account for 50% of all cases. Reported here is a relatively large lipoma of buccal mucosa that was treated surgically under local anesthesia. In an 18-month postsurgical follow up no complication or recurrence has occurred. This case will also be compared to intraoral lipomas reported in Iranian population. As lipomas are usually smaller than 3 cm in diameter, lipoma with the size reported, is of clinical importance. Since the large lipomas are in differential diagnosis with other, even malignant, mesenchymal, or salivary gland tumors. Thus, this case report recommends clinical awareness in diagnosis of large intraoral soft tissue lesions.

  13. Amiloidose na cavidade bucal: aspectos clínicos, histopatológicos e ultra-estruturais

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    Faria Paulo Rogério de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Amiloidose refere-se à deposição extracelular e progressiva de proteínas fibrilares patogênicas com características microscópicas e ultra-estruturais similares. A amiloidose pode ser sistêmica ou localizada. Descrevemos três pacientes que desenvolveram amiloidose intra-oral, sendo que dois casos manifestaram amiloidose localizada e o outro caso apresentou amiloidose sistêmica com acometimento de língua. Nos três casos, o exame histopatológico evidenciou depósitos de amilóide, os quais foram confirmados pela coloração de vermelho-congo. A ultra-estrutura mostrou material fibrilar compatível com amilóide. Apesar de infreqüente, a cavidade bucal pode ser um importante local de acometimento de amiloidose.

  14. A RARE CASE REPORT OF ORAL CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS IN INDIA

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    Shahana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Chromoblastomycosis , caused by various dematiaceous (pigmented fungi , is a chronic fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue , belong to the heterogeneous group of subcutaneous mycoses . These dematiecious fungi exist as saprophytes in soil and gain entry into the sk in via traumatic implantation. The characteristic sclerotic bodies are thick walled dark brown single or multicelled fungal clusters seen in tissue. Infection usually follows trauma involving the exposed areas , very rarely mucosa. The lesions may be warty plaques , nodules which ulcerate. We report a rare case of oral chromoblastomycosis in a 63yr old female patient involving only the tongue.

  15. Oral angioleiomyoma: a case report and considerations on differential diagnosis

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    Carlos Augusto Galvão Barboza

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Angioleiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors derived from smooth muscle, which rarely occur in the oral cavity. We report a case of an angioleiomyoma occurring in the maxillary gingiva. The lesion was painless, with a lobulated surface, fibrous in consistency, and firm upon palpation. Microscopic examination showed an encapsulated tumor mass composed of large vascular channels of varying calibers, surrounded by thick walls of irregularly arranged, spindle-shaped cells, which were immunopositive for smooth-muscle actin. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate an angioleiomyoma from other spindle-cell tumors, thus we emphasize its histological differential diagnosis.

  16. Leiomioma vascular bucal: relato de dois casos, revisão da literatura e estudo imuno-histoquímico Oral vascular leiomyoma: report of two cases, review of literature and immunohistochemistry study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Ávila Sarmento Silveira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os leiomiomas são neoplasias benignas do músculo liso que ocorrem mais comumente nos tratos geniturinário e gastrintestinal, entretanto são raros na cavidade bucal, na qual provavelmente a maioria desses tumores tem sua origem a partir de músculo liso vascular. OBJETIVOS: Relatar dois casos com história clínica semelhante, confrontando seus aspectos com aqueles encontrados na literatura. RELATO DOS CASOS: Dois casos de mulheres na quinta e sexta décadas de vida apresentando nódulo submucoso em ventre lingual. Após exame microscópico que revelou numerosos vasos sangüíneos entremeados a células fusiformes, com núcleos ovalados ou alongados, e exame imuno-histoquímico com positividade para actina de músculo liso nos dois casos, o diagnóstico final foi leiomioma vascular. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo do leiomioma vascular bucal é de extrema importância devido à raridade e semelhança desse com outras lesões da cavidade bucal. A análise imuno-histoquímica é importante para o diagnóstico final do leiomioma.INTRODUCTION: The leiomyomas are benign tumors of smooth muscle origin, which are more frequently found in genitourinary and gastrointestinal tracts. However, leiomyomas rarely arise in the oral cavity, and when it happens, the majority of them is originated by smooth muscle of blood vessels. AIMS: Report two cases of oral vascular leiomyoma with similar clinical characteristics, and discuss their aspects with the literature. CASE REPORT: Two cases of vascular leiomyoma in women that presented a nodular mass in the tongue ventral surface were described. The microscopic analysis revealed numerous blood vessels surrounded by spindle cells with ovoid or elongated nuclei. The two cases presented immunopositivity for smooth muscle actin, confirming the diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The study of vascular leiomyoma is required due to its rarity and similar aspects with other oral common lesions. The immunohistochemical analysis is

  17. Linfoma no Hodgkin oral relacionado al sida (LNHORS: Actualización y presentación de un caso clínico Aids related oral no Hodgkin lymphoma (ARONHL: Up today and report of a case

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    Z. Casariego

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los linfomas No-Hodgkin presentan características propias cuando se asocian a la infección por el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana. La cavidad bucal es una de las localizaciones a tener en cuenta en pacientes con Sida (LNHORS Si bien se registran casos en los primeros estadios de la infección, el diagnóstico previo diferencial estomatológico y su seguimiento no se realizan en nuestro medio con la frecuencia que esta enfermedad requiere. En los pacientes VIH positivos, las características generales están relacionadas con la edad de los pacientes, el estado de base inmunológico de la infección, la adherencia a los tratamientos, una historia de más de 35 años de drogadicción intravenosa y el tipo de linfoma. El presente trabajo tiene dos objetivos: 1 Presentar una actualización del tema ya que en los últimos años se han investigado los diferentes tipos y subtipos histológicos, su estratificación y tratamientos en forma intensa y 2 presentar un caso clínico de Linfoma no Hodgkin con localización en la cavidad bucal de evolución no frecuente. Desarrollo: Una paciente de 34 años de edad con una masa tumoral en el hueso maxilar mucosa gingival y paladar duro y blando. La lesión estaba ulcerada en la primera consulta y hacía protrusión a través de la cavidad bucal. Resultados: se realizaron estudios sistémicos, biopsias de las lesiones orales,. estudio histológico y marcación inmunohistoquímica,, búsqueda por diagnóstico por imágenes de otras manifestaciones y localizaciones de linfomas. Fueron establecidos tratamientos, seguimiento y evolución. Conclusiones: Un diagnóstico eficiente y temprano de los pacientes con LNHORS por un equipo de salud, puede incrementar las sobrevidas, en un marco, donde pueda ser posible la reconstitución de la función inmunológica y puedan ser aplicados los nuevos regímenes de infusión contínua con quimioterápicos.Introduction: Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma presents their

  18. Recognition of patient-reported impairment in oral aesthetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dannemand Jensen, Katrine; Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

    2014-01-01

    Scale (OES). Background variables were: gender, age, work-situation, education-level, marital status, number and location of teeth, wearing a removable dental prosthesis (RDP), and smile line. Results: A significant correlation was found between the overall professional evaluation and the OHIP-Aes score....... The multivariate analyses showed that up to 57 % of the patient-reported impairment could be explained by the professionally evaluated oral esthetic in combination with background variables. Discoloration of the teeth was the greatest explanatory variable, but also dental arch symmetry, and position...... and color of the teeth was significant aspects. Conclusion: A high percentage of the patient-reported esthetic impairment can be recognized by the professionals. The most reliable aspect is discoloration of the teeth, but also dental arch symmetry, and the position and color of the teeth are important...

  19. ORAL HEALTH DURING PREGNANCY AND THE CLINIC APPEARANCE OF PREGNANCY TUMOR (Case Report)

    OpenAIRE

    Kılınç, Gülser; Koca, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this case report is to introduce pregnancy tumors and to emphasize the importance of oral health during pregnancy. Pregnant patient within 34th week of her pregnancy applied our clinic for tuberance and bleeding problems in her gingiva. In her oral examination  she was diagnosed with pregnancy tumor. Oral hygiene education was taught to the patient and appropriate dental treatment was made. Bad oral hygiene and increased hormanal levels have an important role in the etiology of pre...

  20. Consideraciones orales del síndrome de Kawasaki: Descripción de un caso clínico Oral considerations of Kawasaki syndrome: A case report

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    M.C. Figueiredo

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar un caso clínico y revisar la literatura existente sobre el Síndrome de Kawasaki (SK tan frecuente en pacientes con necesidades especiales. Las características clínicas de esta patología se observan ya en niños muy jóvenes, en la gran mayoría de los casos menores de 5 años de edad. Esta es una patología que puede llevar al óbito, pues revela un compromiso cardíaco importante. Hay señales y síntomas en la cavidad oral en la fase aguda de la enfermedad, como la lengua de "frambuesa", eritema con fisura labial y eritema en la mucosa oral, siendo importante que el dentista tenga el conocimiento de esta patología y encamine el paciente para tratamiento médico con urgencia. Se observó en este caso una característica peculiar, que es la retención prolongada de la dentición temporaria. Una vez diagnosticado y tratado, el conocimiento del Síndrome de Kawasaki permite al dentista planear con seguridad un tratamiento dentario a largo plazo. Con eso puede evitarse que los dientes permanentes erupcionen ectópicamente, así como también mantener una profilaxis bucal de rutina, preservando la salud oral de los pacientes portadores de este síndrome.The aim of this study is to review what literature presents about Kawasaki Disease (KD, common in patients with special needs. Clinical evidence of this pathology may be observed in young children, who are usually less than five years old. This pathology may lead patients to death since it involves serious heart conditions. There are signs and symptoms in the oral cavity during the acute phase, for example "strawberry" tongue, red lesions with lips fissure and red lesions of oral mucous. Therefore it is important for the dentist to know about this pathology in order to send the patient to urgent medical treatment. A peculiar characteristic was observed in this case, long term retention of temporary dentition. Once the disease has been diagnosed and

  1. Café Discussions on Oral Sex, Oral Cancer, and HPV Infection: Summative Report

    OpenAIRE

    Brondani, Mario Augusto

    2010-01-01

    Recent emphasis has been placed on the potential links between oral sex, HPV infection, and oral cancer development. Such links were addressed by researchers, clinicians, and the community during two Café Scientifique discussions in October and November 2008, in Vancouver, Canada. The Cafes gathered panels of experts on oral pathology, dentistry, oncology, social work, and community-based research who interacted with an audience of policy makers, health care administrators, sociologists, sexo...

  2. Multifocal Carcinoma of Oral Cavity: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Anilkumar L Bhoweer; Sudarshan Ranpise

    2016-01-01

    Oral Carcinoma is most common among several other cancers in our country (over 40%). The most causative factor is tobacco in various forms. It is very rare to have multiple foci or centres for cancer in oral cavity. The case presents a rarity, having multiple (about 4) cancer sites in the oral cavity.

  3. Estudo da atividade antimicrobiana dos ácidos anacárdicos do óleo da casca da castanha de caju (CNSL dos clones de cajueiro-anão-precoce CCP-76 e CCP-09 em cinco estágios de maturação sobre microrganismos da cavidade bucal Study of the antibacterial activity of anacardic acids from the cashew Anacardium occidentale nut shell oil of the clone of cashew-midget-precocious CCP-76 and and CCP-09 in five stages of maturation on oral microorganisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto de A. LIMA

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A atividade antimicrobiana dos ácidos anacárdicos do óleo da casca da castanha de caju (CNSL Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae foi estudada sobre os microrganismos da cavidade bucal Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12598, Candida albicans ATCC 10231 e Candida utilis. Os ácidos anacárdicos obtidos dos extratos etílicos do CNSL apresentaram atividade antibacteriana contra os microganismos citados, porém a maior atividade inibitória ocorreu sobre a bactéria Gram positiva Streptococcus mutans, considerada predominante na cárie dentária. As cáries dentárias são uma das mais freqüentes doenças infecciosas nos países em desenvolvimento. Os elementos que influenciam na cárie dentária incluem o estado nutricional, a ingestão de açúcar e a presença da microbiota cariogênica.The antimicrobial activity of the anacardic acids of the cashew nut shell oil Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae was studied on the oral microorganisms Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12598, Candida albicans ATCC 10231 and Candida utilis. The anacardic acids obtained from the ethyl extract of the cashew nut shell oil presented activity antibacterial against the mentioned microorganisms, but the most inhibitory activity occurred with the Gram positive bacteria Streptococcus mutans, which is known to be one of the main cause of tooth decay. The tooth decay is one of the most frequent infectious diseases in the countries in development. The elements that influence in the tooth decay include the nutritional state, the ingestion of sugar and the presence of the microflora cariogênica.

  4. Quantitative evaluation of Streptococcus mutans and Candida sp and salivary factors in the oral cavity of patients submitted to radiotherapy; Avaliacao quantitativa de Streptococcus do grupo mutans e Candida sp e fatores salivares na cavidade bucal de pacientes submetidos a radioterapia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spolidorio, Denise Madalena Palomari; Spolidorio, Luis Carlos; Barbeiro, Roberto Henrique; Bernardo, Wagner Luis Carvalho; Pavan, Sabrina [UNESP, Araraquara, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia; Hoefling, Jose Francisco [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia

    2001-12-01

    The aim of this study was to quantify the microorganisms Streptococcus mutans and Candida sp in the oral cavity of patients with oropharynx carcinoma, before, during and after radiotherapy, and to correlate the results with salivary factors such as pH, buffer capacity and flow rate. Saliva samples were collected, diluted and inoculated in SB-20 agar and in Sabouraud agar, for Streptococcus mutans and Candida sp, respectively. Previously to dilution, the concentrated saliva was analyzed, and the salivary factors were determined. After the growth of colonies, the number of microorganisms was determined in CFU/ml. The analysis of the results allowed to conclude that the salivary factors are related to the presence of microorganisms, and that the number of CFU/ml increased as salivary flow rate decreased. The effects of radiation compromised salivary homeostasis and favored the increase of infection by yeasts and bacteria. (author)

  5. Lipomas of oral cavity: case reports with review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Kumaraswamy, SV; Madan, Nanjappa; Keerthi, R.; Shakti, Singh

    2009-01-01

    Lipomas represent about 1 to 5% of all neoplasms of the oral cavity. Although relatively common, few large series of intraoral lipomas and its variants are seen in the literature. Therefore, the author presents the four cases of intra-oral lipoma with one case of histological variant of lipoma, the fibrolipoma. All lesions were removed surgically with the intra-oral approach and none showed recurrence.

  6. Self-reported poor oral hygiene among in-school adolescents in Zambia

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    Rudatsikira Emmanuel

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dental health is a neglected aspect of adolescent health globally but more so in low-income countries. Secondary analysis using the 2004 Zambia Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS was conducted in which we estimated frequencies of relevant socio-demographic variables and explored associations between selected explanatory variables and self-reported poor oral hygiene (not cleaning or brushing teeth within the last 30 days of the completion of questionnaire. Findings Most of the 2257 respondents were males (53.9% and went hungry (82.5%. More than 4 in 10 respondents drank alcohol (42.2% while 37.2% smoked cannabis. Overall 10.0% of the respondents reported to have poor oral hygiene. Male respondents were 7% less likely to report to have poor oral hygiene compared to females. Compared to respondents who never drank alcohol, those who drank alcohol were 27% more likely to report to have poor oral hygiene. Respondents who smoked cannabis were 4% more likely to report to have poor oral hygiene compared to those who did not smoke cannabis. Finally, respondents who went hungry were 35% more likely to report to have poor oral hygiene compared to those who did not go hungry. Conclusions Results from this study indicate that female gender, alcohol drinking, cannabis smoking, and going hungry were associated with self-reported poor oral hygiene. The identification of these factors should guide the design and implementation of programs aimed to improve oral health among adolescents.

  7. Exame da cavidade bucal de pacientes com câncer: avaliação clínica e dosagem indireta de óxido nítrico

    OpenAIRE

    Emilia Campos de Carvalho; Evelin Capellari Cárnio; Vivian Youssef Khouri; Caroline Guilherme; Claudia Benedita dos Santos; Mariangela Aparecida Pace

    2013-01-01

    Neste estudo buscou-se verificar associação entre avaliação clínica da cavidade oral (pelos Índices de dentes Cariados,Perdidos e Obturados e Índice de Higiene Oral - Simplificado) e a determinação indireta de óxido nítrico em pacientes com patologias onco-hematológicas. Trata-se de estudo observacional, no qual foram incluídos vinte sujeitos internados, diagnosticados com Leucemia (35%), Linfoma (50%), Mieloma (15%), em avaliação para início de quimioterapia, sendo que 50% apresentaram norma...

  8. Laser treatment of an oral squamous papilloma in a pediatric patient: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet Ferhat Misir; Levent Demiriz; Figen Barut

    2013-01-01

    Oral squamous papilloma is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium, which results in a papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papilloma virus (HPV). These oral mucosa lesions are most often asymptomatic and have small progression. Laser assisted surgery is common nowadays with several advantages including successful hemostasis, devoid of sutures, wound sterilization and minimal post-operative pain and edema. The aim of this report is to present the oral sq...

  9. Nuevo procedimiento de diseño de cavidades multimodo con agitadores de modo

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Pagán, Antulio

    2013-01-01

    En este proyecto, se presenta una herramienta para mejorar la distribución del campo eléctrico en una cavidad multimodo rectangular. Esta herramienta o dispositivo es conocido como agitador de El objetivo principal del proyecto es la optimización de la eficiencia energética de cavidades rectangulares de microondas que contienen elementos móviles. Esta optimización se realiza con algoritmos genéticos. Para ello este proyecto consta de dos fases. En la primera fase, se pretende cons...

  10. Efecto del consumo moderado del vino sobre la microbiota de la cavidad bucal

    OpenAIRE

    Tabasco, Raquel; García-Cayuela, Tomás; Muñoz-González, Irene; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria; Bartolomé, Begoña; Martínez-Cuesta, M. Carmen; Peláez, Carmen; Requena, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    La cavidad bucal está compuesta por cientos de especies de microorganismos diferentes, siendo en su mayoría bacterias, aunque aproximadamente sólo el 50% de estas especies se pueden cultivar. Diversos estudios han demostrado que existe un efecto entre los componentes del vino y la salud bucal, sin embargo, apenas existe información acerca de la modulación bacteriana por parte de los polifenoles del vino en la cavidad bucal. El objetivo de este trabajo se ha centrado en el estudio de los posib...

  11. Darier disease with oral and esophageal involvement: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magesh Karuppur Thiagarajan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A 58-year-old man presented with itchy papular eruptions all over the body since 15 years. Intraoral examination revealed raised papular lesions on the labial mucosa, hard palate, and tongue. The histopathology of the oral and skin lesions was confirmative of Darier disease (DD. This patient also showed esophageal involvement, which was confirmed histopathologically. Such a presentation of DD, with oral and esophageal involvement, is rare.

  12. Laser treatment of an oral squamous papilloma in a pediatric patient: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ferhat Misir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral squamous papilloma is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium, which results in a papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papilloma virus (HPV. These oral mucosa lesions are most often asymptomatic and have small progression. Laser assisted surgery is common nowadays with several advantages including successful hemostasis, devoid of sutures, wound sterilization and minimal post-operative pain and edema. The aim of this report is to present the oral squamous papilloma in a pediatric patient and its treatment with soft tissue laser. The lesion was excised with diode laser and the healing was uneventful in follow-up visit after one year. Oral squamous papillomas can be found in child′s oral cavity and laser dentistry can be used by dental clinicians to treat these kinds of oral lesions and should be considered as an alternative to conventional surgery.

  13. Oral gingival myiasis: A rare case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Dheeraj; Kumar, Sandeep; Parashar, Pranav; Naphade, Vihang Vinod

    2015-01-01

    Myiasis is a universal term for extreme infection by the parasitic fly larvae that feed on their host living/dead tissue. Gingival myiasis is a rare disease in the humans associated with poor oral hygiene, suppurative oral lesions, alcoholism, and senility, among other conditions. We present a case of gingival myiasis in the maxillary anterior region on the palatal surface in a 21-year-old mentally challenged male with moderate periodontitis and neurologic deficit. The diagnosis was made on the presence of larvae in the lesion. Treatment done was a manual removal of the larvae, one by one, with the help of the clinical forceps, surgical debridement of the oral wound, and subsequent management of the periodontal disease. PMID:26681864

  14. Anaphylactic shock following oral penicillin--report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myre, S; Zaske, D

    1976-03-01

    Two cases of anaphylactic shock secondary to oral penicillin therapy are presented. The clinical course and treatment of the two patients are discussed. Ways in which physicians and pharmacists may reduce the incidence and severity of anaphylactic reactions to penicillin are reviewed. PMID:1258884

  15. Association between adolescents' self-perceived oral health and self-reported experiences of abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvist, Therese; Annerbäck, Eva-Maria; Sahlqvist, Lotta; Flodmark, Olof; Dahllöf, Göran

    2013-12-01

    This study investigated the association between self-perceived oral health and self-reported exposure to different types of child abuse. It was hypothesized that self-perceived oral health is compromised in exposed adolescents. All Grade-9 compulsory school and second-year high-school pupils in Södermanland County, Sweden (n = 7,262) were invited to take part in a population-based survey; 5,940 adolescents responded. Survey items on health and social wellbeing included self-perceived oral health and exposure to abuse. The results showed that poor self-perceived oral health was associated with self-reported experience of physical abuse, intimate partner violence, forced sex, and bullying (adjusted OR = 2.3-14.7). The likelihood of reporting poor oral health increased from an adjusted OR of 2.1 for a single incident of abuse to an adjusted OR of 23.3 for multiple abuses. In conclusion, poor self-perceived oral health and previous exposure to child physical abuse, intimate partner violence, bullying, and forced sex is associated. It is important that dental professionals recognize adolescents with poor subjective oral health and take into consideration child abuse as a possible cause in order to prevent these adolescents from further victimization. These results further strengthen that dental professionals are an important resource in child protection. PMID:24206076

  16. Primary melanoma of oral mucosa: A case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raman Preet Kaur Bhullar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary oral melanoma is a rare neoplasm of melanocytic origin, accounting for 0.5% of all oral malignancies. The "chameleonic" presentation of a mainly asymptomatic condition, rarity of this lesion, poor prognosis, and the necessity of a highly specialized treatment are factors that should be seriously considered by the involved health provider. Here is a case report presenting a malignant melanoma of oral mucosa in 48-year-old male patient on maxillary gingiva. The lesion was removed by partial maxillectomy and patient is disease free after 11 months of regular followup. This case provides an example of how dental clinicians play a major role in the identification of pigmented lesions of oral cavity and also emphasize on the fact that any pigmented lesion detected in the oral cavity may exhibit potential growth and should be submitted to biopsy to exclude malignancy.

  17. Management of recalcitrant oral pemphigus vulgaris with CO 2 laser - Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhardwaj Ashu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Laser has been used efficiently for treatment of oral lichen planus, leukoplakia, aphthous ulcers and oral manifestations of HIV. Two cases of recalcitrant oral pemphigus vulgaris that were successfully treated with CO 2 laser are described. The patients had been treated by a dermatologist with pulse therapy of methyl prednisolone and cyclophosphamide over a period of 6 to 8 months, but the clinical course was characterized by episodes of painful flare-ups and nonresponsiveness. The patients were extremely uncomfortable with recurrent oral lesions. CO 2 laser at low power was used to irradiate the lesions. It was shown to be effective in relieving pain and healing of lesions, with nonrecurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of such a treatment of oral pemphigus vulgaris. Further clinical studies are warranted to confirm efficacy and to optimize the treatment protocol.

  18. Estudio ultrastructural e imunohistoquímico de los miofibroblastos de la cavidad oral

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Marco André Melo de Sousa Nicolau

    2011-01-01

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los miofibroblastos son células que expresan la isoforma α-actina de la célula muscular lisa. Estas células exhiben características intermedias entre fibroblastos y células musculares lisas; sin embargo revelan una morfología similar al de los fibroblastos. Los miofibroblastos también han sido llamados de fibroblastos peri-tumoral, fibroblastos asociados al carcinoma y fibroblastos activos del estroma, pero hoy son comúnmente conocidos por miofibroblastos. ...

  19. Lymphangioma of Oral Mucosa After Chronic Trauma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Seval Doğruk Kaçar; Pınar Özuğuz; Şahin Ulu; Şemsettin Karaca; Çiğdem Tokyol

    2013-01-01

    Lymphangiomas are vascular malformations, known as benign tumors of lymphatic vessels. They are most commonly located in head and neck region whereas oral cavity lesions are rare. The clinical appearance is either clear fluid and blood filled thin walled blisters or smooth flesh-colored papules or nodules varying in size. The condition does not regress itself. Dilated lymphatic vessels lined with endothelium of varying wall thickness is seen on histopathology. Surgical excision, electrocauter...

  20. Snus (nass) and oral cancer: A case series report

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour; Farzad Gholampour; Fatemeh Fatah; Samaneh Bazregari

    2013-01-01

    Snus (nass) is a form of snuff used in a similar manner to American dipping tobacco, but it does not typically result in a need for spitting. Possible hazards associated with this material include malignant and premalignant lesions in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract. The use of smokeless tobacco has increased in the Middle East in recent decades, particularly among teenagers and young adults. Therefore, practitioners must be able to recognize malignant and premalignant lesions. Alt...

  1. Estudio de la mucosa oral en pacientes que emplean colutorios

    OpenAIRE

    Marzal Gamarra, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN 1. Recuerdo histológico de la mucosa oral La cavidad bucal, como toda cavidad orgánica que se comunica con el exterior, esta tapizada por una membrana mucosa de superficie húmeda. La humedad, que es aportada por las glándulas salivales mayores y menores, es necesaria para el mantenimiento de la estructura normal de los tejidos. 2. Colutorios y su utilización en Odontología Los colutorios son preparaciones líquidas destinadas a ser aplicadas sobre los dientes, las...

  2. [Association between tooth root remains and self-reported oral health among the elderly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Aline Blaya; Dalberto, Charlene da Silveira; Hugo, Fernando Neves

    2015-12-01

    The presence of tooth root remains is a common clinical finding among elderly patients and may reflect a need for treatment. The scope of this study sought to explore the association between the presence of tooth root remains and self-reported oral health among the elderly. Secondary data from two sanitary districts of Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, were analyzed. A conceptual theoretical model was used in the analysis to assess factors related to self-perceived oral health: gender, age, education, marital status, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, demand for oral health care, participation in community groups, family economic self-sufficiency, oral health service accessed, number of teeth and the presence of tooth root remains. The statistical data were analyzed using Chi-square and Poisson Regression tests (95% CI analysis; α 5%). The sample consisted of 849 elderly individuals with a mean age of 69.7 years (± 7.2); 14.5% of the elderly had tooth root remains and 60.7% reported good self-perceived oral health. According to the hierarchical analysis, the absence of tooth root remains was associated with good oral health perception. The qualification and expansion of health care provided should be considered in order to allow planning actions to ensure the maintenance of good oral health for the elderly. PMID:26691792

  3. Dentists’ Role in Diagnosis and Management of Oral Involvement of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Serial Case Report

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    Theodorus Hedwin Kadrianto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC is still a significant health problem due to its relatively high incidence. Rarely, NPC could extend and involve the oral cavity, and may present as an ulceration or exophytic mass. Objectives: To discuss the rare clinical appearance of NPC involving the oral cavity and the significant role of dentists in its diagnosis and management. Case Report: We reported 3 cases of NPC with oral cavity involvement. In the first two cases, the patients presented with persistent oral ulceration with bone exposure and perforation to the above structure. The third patient presented with an ulcerated exophytic mass with temporomandibular disorder. The ulceration occurred due to bone destruction by the expansion of NPC mass, which indicated advance stage of the disease. All patients were managed with twice a day 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate rinsing in combination with placing a chlorhexidine-moistened gauze to inhibit bacterial overgrowth and prevent secondary infection. The use of chlorhexidine was substituted by saline solution during patients’ radiotherapy and chemotherapy cycles. Conclusion: Dentist’s awareness to recognize the oral cavity involvement of NPC as well as recognizing the symptoms of NPC is very important, in order to make appropriate diagnosis and oral management. The oral management will eventually affect treatment outcome and quality of life.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v22i1.493

  4. Extensive Myiasis infestation associated with Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Report of two cases

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    Sudharani Biradar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis is the condition of infestation of the body by fly larvae (maggots. The deposited eggs develop into larvae, which penetrate deep structures causing adjacent tissue destruction. It is an uncommon clinical condition, being more frequent in tropical countries and hot climate regions, and associated with poor hygiene, suppurative oral lesions, alcoholism and senility. The diagnosis of Myiasis is basically made by the presence of larvae. The reported cases of oral Myiasis associated with oral cancer in the literature are few. This paper reports two cases of oral and maxillofacial Myiasis involving larvae in patients with squamous cell carcinoma in adult males. The condition was managed by manual removal of the larvae, one by one, with the help of forceps and subsequent management through proper health care.

  5. Microanatomía de la cavidad bucofaríngea de la larva de tres bufónidos de la Argentina, con comentarios acerca del aparato bucal y del contenido intestinal

    OpenAIRE

    Echeverría, Dinorah Diana

    1998-01-01

    Las observaciones con microscopio electrónico de barrido y estereoscópico de la cavidad oral de Bufo paracnemis, Bufo arenarum y Melanophryniscus stelzneri revelaron características comunes entre estas especies: el área de la superficie del piso de la boca tiene papilas altas y simples sobre cada borde lateral; cuatro papilas linguales; el área de la superficie del techo de la boca tiene 3 a 4 papilas de cada lado y coanas oblicuas. En Bufo paracnemis la espátula de los dientes labiales tiene...

  6. Encysted Tenia solium larva of oral cavity: Case report with review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuvana Krishnamoorthy; N Suma Gundareddy; Manu Dhillon; Siddharth Srivastava; Manisha Lakhanpal Sharma; Sangeeta Singh Malik

    2012-01-01

    Cysticercosis is caused by the larvae of the pig tapeworm, Tenia solium. Oral cysticercosis is a rare event and is often a diagnostic challenge to the clinician. We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with a single, painless, nodule on the lower lip that was diagnosed as cysticercosis. Current literature on the clinical presentations, investigations, and treatment of the condition has been reviewed in this article. We have also proposed a set of criteria for the diagnosis of oral cysticer...

  7. A case report of metastasis of malignant mesothelioma to the oral gingiva

    OpenAIRE

    Moser, Stephanie; Beer, Marc; Damerau, Georg; Lübbers, Heinz-Theo; Grätz, Klaus W; Kruse, Astrid L

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Metastatic mesothelioma to the oral cavity arises from the pleura or peritoneum and distant hematogenous metastases are seen in more than half of cases but only a few cases are reported to the oral cavity. Case: A 75 year old male suffering from metastatic mesothelioma presents an hyperplasia of the attached gingiva. Malignant mesothelioma is a rare tumour arising from pleura, pericardium or peritoneum. Conclusion: This article highlights the importance of biops...

  8. Pyogenic granuloma near the midline of the oral cavity: A series of case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Adusumilli, Srikanth; Yalamanchili, Pallavi Samatha; Manthena, Sathish

    2014-01-01

    Pyogenic granuloma (PyG) is a common cause of swelling in the oral cavity during pregnancy and also as an exaggerated response to any minor trauma. The condition is frequently associated with periodontal pain and discomfort, in some cases interfering with mastication and creating esthetic problems. Six patients reported to the Department of Periodontics with gingival overgrowth in the lower anteriors. After recording the details of the patients’ oral hygiene status, all the patients were prov...

  9. Actinomicosis: presentación de un caso y revisión del tema con énfasis en los aspectos orales Actinomycosis in children with emphasis on oral aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Gómez Jiménez

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se actualizan los conocimientos sobre actinomicosis y se presenta el caso de un niño con la forma torácica de dicha entidad. La actinomicosis es una infección infrecuente que puede afectar cualquier parte del cuerpo; los Actinomyces son bacilos o filamentos gram positivos que forman parte de la flora endógena de las mucosas en especial las de las cavidades oral e intestinal. Su comportamiento es insidioso pero en oportunidades tiene expresión aguda, fistulización a piel y cicatrización con fibrosis. Los llamados gránulos de azufre son una característica macroscópica del exudado que contribuye al diagnóstico de laboratorio. La infección inicial para la forma cervicofacial suele provenir de la cavidad oral y extenderse a la vecindad o ser aspirada a los pulmones. El tratamiento de elección es la penicilina, inicialmente endovenosa y seguidamente oral por un lapso no menor de 6 meses. Algunas formas requieren manejo quirúrgico. We report the case of a child with thoracic actinomycosis and review this disease. Actinomycosis is a rare infection that can affect any part of the body; Actinomyces are gram positive bacilli or filaments belonging to the endogenous flora of the mUCOUS membranes, specially that of the oral cavity and the intestinal tract. Actinomycosis usually behaves as an insidioUS disease but may ocassionally have acute expressions with fistulization to the skin and fibroUS healing during resolution. The So called sulfur granules are an important macroscopic detail that helps establish the diagnosis. Actinomyces infections usually start in the oral cavity for the cervicofacial form and then spread to contiguous tissues or to the lungs via aspiration. Penicillin is the drug of choice and surgical drainage may become necessary.

  10. Avaliação da Cavidade Uterina: Estudo Comparativo entre Histerografia, Histerossonografia e Histeroscopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Rodrigo Coelho

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: realizar um estudo comparativo entre os métodos utilizados para avaliar a cavidade uterina por meio da análise da sensibilidade e especificidade da histerografia e da histerossonografia, comparadas com a histeroscopia (padrão ouro. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo prospectivo para a investigação da cavidade uterina com a histerografia, a histerossonografia e a histeroscopia em 18 pacientes. Todas as pacientes apresentavam suspeita de anomalias da cavidade uterina. As principais indicações para a investigação foram: distúrbios do ciclo menstrual, sangramento pós-menopausa e alterações observadas em exames ultra-sonográficos sugestivas de pólipos, miomas e/ou espessamento endometrial. Resultados: a sensibilidade da histerossonografia foi de 90% e a especificidade 87,5%, quando comparadas à histeroscopia. O valor preditivo positivo foi de 90% e o negativo 87,5%. A histerografia, por sua vez, apresentou sensibilidade de 70%, especificidade de 75%, valor preditivo positivo de 77,7% e valor preditivo negativo de 75%. Conclusão: a histerossonografia parece ser um bom método alternativo para a avaliação da cavidade uterina, identificando algumas lesões não observadas à ultra-sonografia convencional ou à histerografia, e permitindo a triagem das pacientes candidatas à realização de uma histeroscopia diagnóstica ou cirúrgica. A histerografia apresentou resultados inferiores à histerossonografia, e não parece ser de utilidade na triagem das pacientes.

  11. Candidiasis oral en el paciente mayor

    OpenAIRE

    E. Otero Rey; M. Peñamaría Mallón; M. Rodríguez Piñón; B. Martín Biedma; A. Blanco Carrión

    2015-01-01

    La candidiasis o candidosis oral es la enfermedad infecciosa ocasionada por el crecimiento de las colonias de Cándida y la penetración de las mismas en los tejidos orales cuando las barreras físicas y las defensas del huésped se encuentran alteradas. Es una infección frecuente de la cavidad oral de los adultos de edad avanzada. Aunque la incidencia real se desconoce, se sabe que existe una prevalencia aumentada en ciertas ocasiones como ocurre en ancianos, en presencia de prótesis mucosoporta...

  12. THE IMPORTANCE TO RECOGNIZE ORAL MANIFESTATIONS OF ACUTE LEUKEMIA (CASE REPORT

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    Anandina Irmagita

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentists could be the first health providers who detect the oral manifestation of early symptoms of leukemia. The management of three cases of acute leukemia, which had intra oral manifestations that were unnoticed by the dentists, are discussed. Before being referred to the Oral Medicine Department, these patients had undergone invasive dental treatment by their dentist, which had caused complication such as bleeding. After being referred, the patients had undergone non-invasive dental examination and hematologic examination, which revealed leukemia, and instruction of non-invasive daily oral hygiene procedure, were performed on the patients. Dentist should work in a team with physicians who treat the systemic conditions of the leukemic patients with dental problems. This report stresses the need in increasing dentists’ awareness on the importance of noticing and reviewing systemic condition of their patients prior to dental treatment.

  13. Effect of a social cognitive intervention on oral health status, behavior reports, and cognitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tedesco, L A; Keffer, M A; Davis, E L; Christersson, L A

    1992-07-01

    An intervention designed to test the influence of cognitive restructuring on protective oral health behaviors was conducted with 108 patients with mild to moderate gingivitis. Subjects in the experimental group viewed slides of active, mobile bacteria taken from their mouths on 5 occasions: before and after prophylaxis and at 3 appointments, one month apart. A specially trained hygienist discussed with these participants the process of periodontal disease, the role of bacteria, and self-efficacy (self-control) for oral hygiene self-care. Both experimental and control group subjects received instruction in oral self-care procedures. Assessments of oral health using Löe and Silness' plaque and gingival indices (PI and GI) were taken throughout the study and at 3- and 6-month follow-up visits. Self-efficacy, oral hygiene intentions, attitudes, and values comprised the set of cognition variables. Plaque and gingival indices mean differences between groups approached significance at visit 6. Analyses were also performed using percent of gingival surfaces scored at "0" (no visible bleeding on probing). A trend occurred for group differences in percent "0" scores at visit 6, with the experimental group maintaining higher percent zeros (better health) at this 3-month follow-up. At visit 7 (9-month follow-up), PI and GI differences disappeared. No significant differences were found between groups for oral health cognitions or behavior reports over time. The data suggest that the cognitive-behavioral intervention produced a delayed relapse in protective oral self-care behaviors, and by extension, oral health status. Such a delay could be clinically relevant in promoting adherence to oral hygiene behavior between professional visits. PMID:1507036

  14. Bullous oral lichen planus: report of two cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Berrin (U)NSAL; S. Elif G(U)LTEKIN; Erol BAL; Benay TOKMAN

    2003-01-01

    @@ Lichen planus is a common chronic mucocutaneous disease of unknown cause. Several types of lichen planus (reticular, atrophic, erosive and bullous) within the oral cavity have been described, among which the reticular and erosive types are the most common types,1,2 while the bullous type is rarely observed.1,3 Bullous lichen planus (BLP) lesions are commonly seen on the buccal mucosa, most frequently at the posterior areas adjacent to the second and third molar teeth. Less common localizations are gingiva and inner aspect of the lips.4 Bullae are generally short lived and leave ulcerated lesions on rupturing.1 The clinical diagnosis of bullous lichen planus is extremely difficult, and pathological examinations may be necessary to establish a definitive diagnosis.5

  15. Treatment of oral hemangioma with sclerotherapy: case report

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    Salomão Israel Monteiro Lourenço Queiroz

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are benign neoplasms that are common in the head and neck, but relatively rare in the oral cavity. They can cause esthetic and functional impairment, depending on location. The most common site is the upper lip, but they can occur in other areas, such as the tongue, buccal mucosa and palate. Treatment is primarily dependent on correct diagnosis of the lesion and on its anatomic location. The purpose of this article is to provide a description of a case of a hemangioma on the upper lip, treated by therapeutic sclerosis with monoethanolamine oleate (Ethamolin®, covering clinical characteristics and methods for diagnosing these lesions. Precise diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic management resulted in satisfactory esthetic and functional results, with total regression of the lesion and no signs of relapse at 1-year follow-up.

  16. Assessment of cancer therapy-induced oral mucositis using a patient-reported oral mucositis experience questionnaire.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Margrete Gussgard

    Full Text Available Treatment of oral mucositis (OM is challenging. In order to develop and test useful treatment approaches, the development of reliable, reproducible and simpler methods than are currently available for assessment of OM is important. A Patient-Reported Oral Mucositis Symptom (PROMS scale was assessed in patients with head and neck cancer to determine if the patient-reported OM experience, as determined by using the PROMS scale, correlate with OM assessed by clinician-based scoring tools.Fifty patients with head and neck cancer and undergoing radiotherapy consented to participate. They were examined before cancer treatment and twice weekly during 6-7 weeks of therapy and once 4-6 weeks after therapy. Signs of OM were evaluated using the 3 clinician-based scoring tools; NCI-CTCAE v.3, the OMAS criteria and the Total VAS-OMAS. The participants' OM experiences were recorded using PROMS-questionnaires consisting of 10 questions on a visual analogue scale. Spearman rank correlation test were applied between the PROMS scale values and the clinician-determined scores. Repeated measures mixed linear models were applied to appraise the strengths of correlation at the different time points throughout the observation period.Thirty-three participants completed all stages of the study. The participant experience of OM using the PROMS scale demonstrates good correlations (Spearman's Rho 0.65-0.78, p<0.001 with the clinician-determined scores on the group level over all time points and poor to good correlations (Spearman's Rho -0.12-0.70, p<0.001 on the group level at different time points during and after therapy. When mouth opening was problematic, i.e. during the 6th and 7th week after commencing cancer treatment, the Spearman's Rho varied between 0.19 and 0.70 (p<0.001.Patient experience of OM, as reported by the PROMS scale may be a feasible substitute for clinical assessment in situations where patients cannot endure oral examinations.

  17. Lymphangioma of Oral Mucosa After Chronic Trauma: A Case Report

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    Seval Doğruk Kaçar

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Lymphangiomas are vascular malformations, known as benign tumors of lymphatic vessels. They are most commonly located in head and neck region whereas oral cavity lesions are rare. The clinical appearance is either clear fluid and blood filled thin walled blisters or smooth flesh-colored papules or nodules varying in size. The condition does not regress itself. Dilated lymphatic vessels lined with endothelium of varying wall thickness is seen on histopathology. Surgical excision, electrocautery, cryosurgery, radiotherapy, injection of sclerosing agent, CO2 and argon laser are used in treatment and recurrence is common. As a developmental defect lymphangiomas are frequently seen at birth or early childhood period, whereas acquired lymphangioma or lymphangiectasias are structurally and histologically not different from lymphangioma. This condition develops in a previously normal lymphatic vessels and is described following chronic infections as tuberculosis, radiotherapy, cheloid, tumors and recurrent trauma. Thirty six year old female patient with vesicular papules of 9 months history underwent to cryosurgery after the biopsy is compatible with lymphangioma. The lesions are thought to be related to chronic trauma due to deficiency of lower central incisor and dental treatment is offered to patient.

  18. Oral Cysticercosis in a Pediatric Patient: A Rare Case Report with Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarawgi, Aditi; Asopa, Kirti; Gumber, Parvind; Dutta, Samir

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Cysticercosis is a condition in which a human acts as the intermediate host of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. Although cysticercosis is a common disease in some regions of the world and can occur in any body site, oral lesions are rare. In this report, we document the case of oral cysticercosis in a 10-year-old boy who sought treatment for an asymptomatic nodule on the dorsal surface of the tongue. A detailed history, thorough clinical examination, morphological appearance and the histopathologic findings of the excised cyst formed the basis for the diagnosis of the lesion. How to cite this article: Goenka P, Sarawgi A, Asopa K, Gumber P, Dutta S. Oral Cysticercosis in a Pediatric Patient: A Rare Case Report with Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):156-161. PMID:27365940

  19. Self-Inflicted Intraoral Hematoma in a Cardiac Patient Receiving Oral Anticoagulant Therapy- A Case Report

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    Shantala Arunkumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Intraoral hematoma secondary to systemic anticoagulant therapy is rare, but it is a potentially fatal condition requiring immediate medical management. Case report: Here we report a case of self-inflicted hematoma in the anterior maxillary gingival region in a 65year old female cardiac patient who was on systemic anticoagulant therapy with a poor periodontal condition, manifesting as a periodontal swelling for a period of one week. Oral anticoagulant therapy is considerably imperative to prevent thromboembolic complications in various medical conditions, in such patients there are chances for spontaneous bleeding or hematoma by means of minor trauma due to sharp teeth or dental prosthesis in the mouth leading to life threatening complications such as partial or complete airway blockage. Therefore,directives about possible bleeding complications secondary to anticoagulant drugs in the oral cavity and the importance of maintaining oral health hygiene are necessary for the patient.

  20. Oral Cysticercosis in a Pediatric Patient: A Rare Case Report with Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goenka, Puneet; Sarawgi, Aditi; Asopa, Kirti; Gumber, Parvind; Dutta, Samir

    2016-01-01

    Cysticercosis is a condition in which a human acts as the intermediate host of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. Although cysticercosis is a common disease in some regions of the world and can occur in any body site, oral lesions are rare. In this report, we document the case of oral cysticercosis in a 10-year-old boy who sought treatment for an asymptomatic nodule on the dorsal surface of the tongue. A detailed history, thorough clinical examination, morphological appearance and the histopathologic findings of the excised cyst formed the basis for the diagnosis of the lesion. How to cite this article: Goenka P, Sarawgi A, Asopa K, Gumber P, Dutta S. Oral Cysticercosis in a Pediatric Patient: A Rare Case Report with Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):156-161. PMID:27365940

  1. Linfoma de Burkitt oral: relato de caso Oral Burkitt's lymphoma: case report

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    Roseana de Almeida Freitas

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O linfoma de Burkitt é um raro e agressivo tipo de linfoma não-Hodgkin pobremente diferenciado. O presente relato trata de uma criança do sexo masculino, com sete anos de idade, que foi examinada na Clínica de Odontopediatria do Departamento de Odontologia da UFRN, exibindo uma massa tumoral na região de pré-molares mandibulares com mobilidade dentária. O exame radiográfico revelou uma área radiolúcida difusa e o diagnóstico histopatológico foi de linfoma de Burkitt. O paciente foi tratado por poliquimioterapia e obteve completa remissão da patologia.Burkitt's lymphoma is a poorly differentiated rare and aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This article reports the case of a male child aged seven years, who was examined at the Odontopediatric Clinic of the UFRN Dentistry Department. The patient presented a tumor in the premolar region of the mandible; teeth were mobile in this region. Radiology revealed a diffuse radioluscent area which was diagnosed histopathologically as Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient was treated with polychemotherapy; complete remission of the disease was attained.

  2. Pneumonia nosocomial: importância do microambiente oral Nosocomial pneumonia: importance of the oral environment

    OpenAIRE

    Simone Macedo Amaral; Antonieta de Queiróz Cortês; Fábio Ramôa Pires

    2009-01-01

    A pneumonia nosocomial, em especial aquela associada à ventilação mecânica, é uma infecção frequente nas UTIs. Seus principais fatores etiológicos incluem bactérias colonizadoras e oportunistas da cavidade oral. Manobras de higiene oral, com o uso de antissépticos orais, como a clorexidina, têm se mostrado úteis na diminuição de sua incidência. O objetivo deste trabalho foi revisar a literatura sobre a importância do microambiente oral no desenvolvimento da pneumonia nosocomial.Nosocomial pne...

  3. PROPOSED ORAL REFERENCE DOSE (RFD) FOR BARIUM AND COMPOUNDS (Final Report) 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document is the final report for the 2004 external peer review of the Proposed Oral Reference Dose (RfD) for Barium and Compounds, prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA), for the Integrated Risk Informa...

  4. Acute allergic reaction to oral quinine for malarial prevention:A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sora Yasri; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2016-01-01

    Quinine is a classical antimalarial drug that is used worldwide. It is also used for pre-exposure of malaria before visiting to the jungle in the endemic area of malaria. In this article, the authors reported a case of acute allergic reaction to oral quinine for malarial prevention.

  5. Deep cerebral venous thrombosis associated with oral contraceptives: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deep cerbral venous thrombosis(DCVT) is a rare category of stroke that can be caused by various conditions. We report a case of spontaneous DCVT in a 34-year-old female using oral contraceptives;clinical and radiologic manifestations were characteristic.=20

  6. Acute allergic reaction to oral quinine for malarial prevention: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sora Yasri

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Quinine is a classical antimalarial drug that is used worldwide. It is also used for pre-exposure of malaria before visiting to the jungle in the endemic area of malaria. In this article, the authors reported a case of acute allergic reaction to oral quinine for malarial prevention.

  7. Does switching from oral to subcutaneous administration of methotrexate influence on patient reported gastro-intestinal adverse effects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann, Charles B; Lage-Hansen, Philip R; Koefoed, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: When treating patients with methotrexate (MTX) the most frequently reported adverse effects (AE) are gastrointestinal (GI) with nausea being reported by 10-20%. If intolerable AE of oral MTX persist, switching from oral to subcutaneous (SC) or intramuscular (IM) administration is...

  8. Eruption of Odontomas into the Oral Cavity: A Report of 2 Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Sreenivasan Bhargavan Sarojini; Ektah Khosla; Thomas Varghese; Leena Johnson Arakkal

    2014-01-01

    Odontomas are the commonest odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity and are by nature asymptomatic. They consist mainly of dental tissue that may or may not be arranged in an orderly fashion. Their presence is often detected accidentally or due to the presence of a dental disturbance such as an unerupted tooth. The very rarity of odontomas erupting into the oral cavity validates the need for more current literature on the phenomenon. Our report of two cases aims to present and discuss the rare ...

  9. Encysted Tenia solium larva of oral cavity: Case report with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhuvana Krishnamoorthy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cysticercosis is caused by the larvae of the pig tapeworm, Tenia solium. Oral cysticercosis is a rare event and is often a diagnostic challenge to the clinician. We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with a single, painless, nodule on the lower lip that was diagnosed as cysticercosis. Current literature on the clinical presentations, investigations, and treatment of the condition has been reviewed in this article. We have also proposed a set of criteria for the diagnosis of oral cysticercosis.

  10. Oral malignant melanoma: A case report of an unusual clinical and histologic presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzma Iqbal Belgaumi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is a potentially aggressive tumor of melanocytic origin. Primary oral malignant melanoma is a rare neoplasm, accounting for 0.5% of all oral malignancies. The present case occurred in a 60-year-old female patient, as a pedunculated growth involving the palate and alveolar ridge and histologically showing a desmoplastic differentiation. The article discusses the distinct clinico-pathologic presentation of this case and emphasizes on the need to identify and report such cases for further understanding of their biologic behavior.

  11. Severe hypocalcemia after oral ibandronate in a patient with metastatic breast cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma AVCI

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bone metastasis is a common finding in patients with metastatic breast cancer. In approximately 25% of breast cancers, bone is commonly the first area of metastasis. Pain, hypercalcemia and bone fractures are the most common complications of bone metastasis. Bisphosphonates effectively reduce and prevent skeletal related complications in breast cancer patients with bone metastases. Although hypocalcemia might occur during bisphosphonate therapy, symptomatic hypocalcemia after oral bisphosphonate therapy is rare and usually occurs several weeks after the initiation of the therapy. In this case report, we present a metastatic breast cancer patient with vitamin D deficiency who developed severe hypocalcemia in the early period following oral ibandronic acid treatment.

  12. Oral findings in a child with lipoid proteinosis: A case report and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Mainali

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Lipoid proteinosis, a very rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis, results in hyaline material deposition in the skin and mucous membrane of various organs leading to multisystem involvement. A case report of a 12-year-old female child is presented here who showed classic features of the disease with generalized thickening, hardening, and scarring of the skin and vocal cord infiltration causing voice changes. The patient also had numerous oral mucosal and dental findings. The knowledge of the clinical features of the disease may help the oral health professional in rendering the appropriate treatment in order to improve the quality of life deteriorated by the disease.

  13. Management of physiological hyperpigmentation of oral mucosa by cryosurgical treatment: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talebi, Maryam; Farmanbar, Niloofar; Abolfazli, Salman; Sarraf Shirazi, Alireza

    2012-01-01

    Melanin hyperpigmentation is the result of melanin granules. "Black gums" may cause esthetic problems. Different treatment modalities have been used with the aim of removing pigmentations for esthetic reasons, all of which have some advantages and disadvantages. Recurrent lesions are the most important concept in all of these treatments. Cryotherapy is a method of tissue destruction by rapid freezing. It is an atraumatic, cost-effective and simple method for treating oral pigmentation. This report presents the effects of cryotherapy on physiologic pigmentations of oral mucosa in a 9-year-old boy. In this case no recurrent lesions were observed after 12 months. PMID:23277862

  14. Distal migration of a floating carotid thrombus in a patient using oral contraceptives: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watanabe Masaki

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We report the case of a patient with distal migration of a floating carotid thrombus caused by oral contraceptives. Case presentation A 48-year-old woman using oral contraceptives suffered from dysarthria and gait disturbance. Examinations, including ultrasound and cerebral arteriogram, revealed a floating thrombus at the left carotid bifurcation with no stenosis. Despite antithrombotic therapy, the floating carotid thrombus migrated to the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery, resulting in a severe stroke. Conclusion Some floating thrombi are resistant to conservative therapy and have a risk of distal migration, which may cause a major stroke in the acute stage.

  15. Educational Imperatives for Oral Health Personnel: Change or Decay? Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Technical Report Series 794.

    Science.gov (United States)

    World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland).

    This report highlights trends in disease patterns and technological advances that call for sweeping changes in the education of oral health personnel. It first provides a brief history of the development of dental education. The second and most extensive section analyzes global trends for dental caries, periodontal conditions, tooth loss and…

  16. Expresión proteica de p53 y proliferación celular en leucoplasias orales

    OpenAIRE

    Santos García, Antonio; Abad Hernández, M. Mar; Fonseca Sánchez, Emilio; Cruz Hernández, Juan Jesús; Bullón Sopelana, Agustín

    2005-01-01

    Objetivos: Conocer la expresión proteica de las alteraciones genéticas que se producen en las etapas precoces de la cancerización del campo de cavidad oral en nuestro medio. Estudiar la proliferación celular mediante Ki-67 y la expresión de la proteína p53 para valorar si las alteraciones en la expresión proteica de estos marcadores suceden de forma secuencial a través de las distintas etapas en la cancerización del campo de la cavidad oral. Material y métodos: Se real...

  17. Malformación congénita de oído interno: cavidad única

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Pazmiño, Julio César; Marrugo Pardo, Gilberto Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    Las malformaciones congénitas del oído interno son patologías de baja frecuencia pero que requieren precisión diagnóstica. Se presenta un caso de cavidad única o común con sus correspondientes imágenes radiológicas manejado con implante coclear, así como la revisión de la clasificación y diagnóstico diferencial de las demás anomalías de oído interno.

  18. A Histerossonografia na Avaliação da Cavidade Uterina em Pacientes Menopausadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceccato Júnior Benito Pio Vitório

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: avaliar a acuidade diagnóstica da histerossonografia como método de avaliação da cavidade uterina em pacientes menopausadas com cavidade uterina alterada à ultra-sonografia endovaginal convencional. Métodos: este estudo consistiu na avaliação de 99 pacientes menopausadas com cavidade uterina anormal à ultra-sonografia endovaginal convencional, caracterizada por espessura endometrial maior ou igual a 5 mm em pacientes sem terapia de reposição hormonal, ou espessura endometrial maior ou igual a 8 mm em pacientes em terapia de reposição hormonal, com sangramento irregular. Estas pacientes foram submetidas à histerossonografia e após, foram obtidas amostras para avaliação histopatológica por biópsia dirigida por histeroscopia em 92 pacientes, biópsia endometrial em quatro pacientes e histerectomia em três pacientes. Os resultados da histerossonografia foram comparados com os resultados do exame histopatológico, considerado como "padrão-ouro". Resultados: houve oito casos de cavidade uterina normal e 20 casos de atrofia endometrial e a histerossonografia teve altos níveis de especificidade (97,8 e 97,5% e baixa sensibilidade (35 e 25%. Houve altos níveis de sensibilidade (92,3 e 75,0% e especificidade (94,1 e 97,9% em pólipos (65 casos e miomas submucosos (quatro casos. Houve três casos de câncer de endométrio e a histerossonografia teve sensibilidade e especificidade de 100%. Conclusões: a histerossonografia mostrou boa acuidade no diagnóstico de doenças focais (pólipos endometriais e miomas submucosos, com altos níveis de sensibilidade e especificidade. Houve três casos de câncer endometrial, e a histerossonografia diagnosticou corretamente todos eles. Mostrou também ser método acurado para excluir anormalidades endometriais. Entretanto, nos casos de espessamento endometrial difuso, a acuidade é baixa, porque endométrios atróficos ou normais freqüentemente aparecem como tendo espessamento difuso

  19. ORAL CHRONIC GRAFT VERSUS HOST DISEASE IN AN IMMUNOCOMPETENT PATIENT: A CASE REPORT

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    Redwin Dhas Manchi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD is a complication which occurs in an individual who has received allogenic transplant. This was first noticed in individuals who had undergone bone marrow transplantation. Since then it has been described in solid organ transplantation and even transfusion of blood and blood products. Transfusion-associated GVHD (TA-GVHD is acute or chronic in nature. Acute TA-GVHD is rare and usually runs a fulminant and fatal course. In its chronic form, oral cavity is frequently affected with wide variety of signs and symptoms resulting in significant short and long-term complications ranging from mucosal sensitivity and limited oral in take to secondary malignancy and early death. Herewith we report a case of oral cGVHD in an immuno competent patient who underwent transfusion of platelets from an unrelated donor

  20. Oral squamous cell carcinoma misdiagnosed as a denture-related traumatic ulcer: A clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Vitor Bonetti; Takamiya, Aline Satie; Ferreira, Lígia Lavezo; Felipini, Renata Callestini; Biasoli, Éder Ricardo; Miyahara, Glauco Issamu; Bernabé, Daniel Galera

    2016-03-01

    A 65-year-old woman presented with an ulcerated lesion in the alveolar ridge mucosa, which appeared after new dentures had been inserted. Despite many treatment attempts, the lesion did not recede, even with the interruption of denture wearing. A biopsy was performed, and histopathologic examination revealed an ulcerated, invasive, poorly differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma. The time from the patient's first contact with the prosthodontist because of the lesion until the appropriate diagnosis was established was approximately 6 months. This clinical report documents a significant delay in the oral squamous cell carcinoma diagnosis and treatment because of a clinical misdiagnosis of a traumatic ulcer resulting from complete dentures. Prosthodontists should be aware of the importance of early diagnosis of oral cancer among elderly prosthesis wearers. PMID:26581660

  1. Treatment resistant trigeminal neuralgia relieved with oral sumatriptan: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moran JA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Treatment-resistant trigeminal neuralgia is a distressing condition, for both the patient and the treating doctor. To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of trigeminal neuralgia successfully treated with oral sumatriptan in the literature. Case presentation A 51-year-old Caucasian woman was prescribed opiate analgesia for management of her treatment-resistant trigeminal neuralgia. Given the possible harmful effects of initiating such a course of treatment, a speculative therapeutic trial with oral sumatriptan was initiated with a successful outcome. Conclusion This case raises the hypothesis that oral sumatriptan may be an effective drug in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Further research is required to test this theory.

  2. The self-reported oral health status and behaviors of adults who are deaf and blind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Elvine Y W; Daly, Blánaid

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study explored perceived oral health, felt need, oral health knowledge and behaviors, and utilization of dental services among a community of deaf and blind adults in Toronto, Canada. Seven adults participated in in depth interviews facilitated by intervenors skilled in communication with people who are deaf and blind. Subjects reported that their oral health was good, however oral health knowledge was poor and daily oral hygiene practices were minimal. Few subjects had ever received dental health education and were largely unaware of how to prevent dental disease. A subsidized dental program enabled subjects to have regular dental visits, though they were concerned about the costs of more complex dental treatment not covered by the program. They also worried about finding an alternative source of care once their eligibility for the program ceased at the age of 65. The presence of the subsidized sympathetic dental program and the facilitative role of intervenors promoted utilization of dental care for many of the subjects who participated in this study. There is a clear need to develop appropriate dental health education programs for this group of people, which would harness the support of the community of deaf and blind people and their intervenors. The interventions need to be sensitive and appropriate for the individual's level of impairment. PMID:20051068

  3. Childhood Oral Lichen Planus: Report of Two Cases

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    Sageena George

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Lichen planus (LP is a chronic mucocutaneous disease widely recognized in adults, but uncommon in children. The purpose of this paper is to report two cases of LP in children. The diagnosis was made based on clinical and histopathological findings. The treatment consisted of antifungal and multivitamin therapy. Regression of lesions was observed. The patients are still under follow up.Although LP is uncommon in children, it is necessary to have adequate knowledge about this condition for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  4. Idiopathic stuttering priapism treated with salbutamol orally: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliorini, F; Porcaro, A B; Baldassarre, R; Artibani, W

    2016-03-01

    Recurrent ischaemic priapism also known as stuttering priapism is an uncommon form of ischaemic priapism, and its treatment is not yet clearly defined. If left untreated, it may evolve into classic form of acute ischaemic priapism and lead to erectile dysfunction due to fibrosis of corpora cavernosa. Several drugs have been proposed with variable results and only supported with level three or four of evidence. Hormonal therapy such as cyproterone acetate, oestrogen, bicalutamide or Lh-Rh agonist are often effective but can cause side effects such as hypogonadal state and infertility. Other medical options are 5-alpha-reductase and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, ketoconazole, baclofen, digoxin, gabapentin and beta-2-agonist terbutaline. We report the first case of stuttering priapism treated with beta-2-agonist salbutamol. PMID:26032021

  5. A case of aspergillus endophthalmitis in an immuncompetent woman: intra-ocular penetration of oral voriconazole: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Logan, SA; Rajan, MS; Graham, E; Johnson, EM; Klein, JL

    2010-01-01

    Background There are very few reports of Aspergillus fumigatus causing endogenous endophthalmitis (EAE) in immunocompetent individuals although it is well recognised in the immunocompromised. Treatment can be with intravitreal, intravenous and oral antifungal agents. The benefit of an oral agent is clear however the concentration of voriconazole in the inflamed eye after oral administration has not previously been documented. Case presentation We present a case of EAE in an immunocompetent 78...

  6. Knowledge and reported practice of antibiotic prescription by dentists for common oral problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the knowledge and reported practice in relation to antibiotic prescribing regarding common oral problems by dentists in Karachi, Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Three Dental Colleges of Karachi, from July to December 2010. Methodology: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan in the Outpatient Departments (OPD) of three dental colleges. Inclusion criteria were full time employed dentists working in their respective OPDs (n = 100). The dentists were asked to fill a questionnaire. The questionnaire included (i) general information, (ii) perception and knowledge of antibiotic resistance, (iii) reported management of oral problems, (iv) perceptions about oral infections and (v) perceptions of how people perceive oral problems. To assess dentist's ability to relate knowledge to practice regarding the management of the most common oral problems, written simulated case scenarios with related questions were also included. Scores were given for each correct answer. Results: The response rate was 85%. Of the total respondents, 65 (76%) were under the age of 30 years, 53 (62%) were males and 32 (38%) females. Out of 85 respondents 53% (n = 45) reported prescribing of antibiotics 4 - 5 times a week, 87% (n = 74) prescribe antibiotics based upon symptoms and 64% (n = 54) prescribed antibiotics in abscess condition. The total score for all four scenarios showed that nearly two thirds (61%) of all respondents scored sub-optimally. Conclusion: A substantial number of dentists had suboptimal knowledge regarding antibiotic use. This might lead to the provision of suboptimal care of patients with dental infections. Therefore, continuing education, training and supervision are recommended to improve the quality of dental management. (author)

  7. Bola fúngica por Aspergillus fumigatus em cavidade pleural Aspergillus fumigatus fungus ball in the pleural cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana Silva Guazzelli; Cecília Bittencourt Severo; Leonardo Santos Hoff; Geison Leonardo Fernandes Pinto; José Jesus Camargo; Luiz Carlos Severo

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Relatar os casos de 6 pacientes com bola fúngica (BF) na cavidade pleural por Aspergillus fumigatus. MÉTODOS: Entre 1980 e 2009, foram diagnosticados 391 pacientes com BF aspergilar no Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Porto Alegre (RS). O diagnóstico de BF na cavidade pleural foi definido com exames de imagem demonstrando derrame e espessamento pleural com nível líquido; exame micológico direto demonstrando hifas septadas, consistentes com Aspergillus sp.; e cultura positiva para A...

  8. Linfoma primário de cavidade pleural em paciente imunocompetente Primary effusion lymphoma in an immunocompetent patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Antonangelo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O linfoma primário de cavidade é um tipo raro de linfoma não-Hodgkin que acomete principalmente pacientes imunocomprometidos e, mais raramente, pacientes imunocompetentes. Neste relato de caso são apresentados os achados clínicos e laboratoriais de um paciente imunocompetente com derrame pleural diagnosticado como linfoma primário de cavidade pleural.Primary effusion lymphoma is an unusual non-Hodgkin's lymphoma rarely seen in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we present clinical and biochemical data obtained from an immunocompetent patient diagnosed with primary effusion lymphoma.

  9. Linfoma primário de cavidade pleural em paciente imunocompetente Primary effusion lymphoma in an immunocompetent patient

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Antonangelo; Francisco S. Vargas; Lisete Ribeiro Teixeira; Marcelo A.C. Vaz; Maria Mirtes Sales; Luis C Moreira; Roberta Karla Barbosa de Sales

    2005-01-01

    O linfoma primário de cavidade é um tipo raro de linfoma não-Hodgkin que acomete principalmente pacientes imunocomprometidos e, mais raramente, pacientes imunocompetentes. Neste relato de caso são apresentados os achados clínicos e laboratoriais de um paciente imunocompetente com derrame pleural diagnosticado como linfoma primário de cavidade pleural.Primary effusion lymphoma is an unusual non-Hodgkin's lymphoma rarely seen in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we present clinical and biochemi...

  10. Oral Manifestations of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocytic Leukemia: a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioanna-Eirini Arvanitidou

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: T-cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL leukemia is a rare, chronic, often indolent lymphoproliferative disorder of mature T cells (CD3+. Severe neutropenia and other cytopenias are common features in patients with T-LGL leukemia and may cause infections, thus representing a major cause of morbidity in this disease. Immunosuppressive therapy with low-dose regimes of methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids or cyclosporine A is the treatment of choice. Amongst the variety of T-LGL leukemia complications, oral manifestations such as ulcers have been rarely reported. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia with oral manifestations and to discuss their pathogenesis and management.Methods: In the present case, a 65 year old female with a two-month history of diagnosed T-LGL leukemia presented with oral lesions, including ulcerations on the ventral tongue and soft palate as well as swollen, erythematous and ulcerated gingiva. The patient was under treatment with methotrexate, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF and erythropoietin.Results: Considering patients’ medical history and clinical appearance of the lesions, a clinical diagnosis of a neutropenic ulcer of the tongue was established. The oral lesions resolved after treatment with antibiotics, topical steroids and antiseptics combined with improvement of the hematological condition. The pertinent literature related to T-LGL leukemia ethiopathology, diagnostics and treatment was discussed.Conclusions: Although rare, T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia should be included in the list of lymphoproliferative disorders, which may present with oral manifestations as a result of the disease and its treatment complications.

  11. Oral and Dental Manifestations of Diamond-Blackfan Anemia: Case Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozden, Feyza Otan; Gunduz, Kaan; Ozden, Bora; Isci, K. Devrim; Fisgin, Tunc

    2011-01-01

    Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a red cell aplasia characterized with physical abnormalities. The incidence of the disease is reported to be five to seven (5–7) cases per million births in Europe and 4–5 per million live births in the UK and Netherlands with equal sex ratio. It was first recognized in 1938 but an exact pathophysiology of the disease has not been described yet. These abnormalities are well known, however, detailed oral and dental conditions related with the disease have not been described previously. We herein presented two cases of DBA together with oral and dental findings. Our study is first to report the gingival status of the patients with a complete investigation of any orthodontic or dental abnormalities in these kind of patients. A careful follow up and preventive therapies should not be missed in these kind of patients. PMID:21769279

  12. Oral Manifestations of Lamellar Ichthyosıs; A Case Report

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    Sedat Akdeniz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background:The name ichthyosis is derived from the Greek ikhthus meaning "fish" and refers to the similarity in appearance of the skin to fish scale. The ichthyoses are a heterogeneous group of disorders. There are few studies about the oral manifestations of these disorders. But early reports of ichthyosis in the Indian and Chinese literature date back to several hundred years. Case Presentation:Oral manifestations of the 14-year-old female patient with ichthyosis are presented. Physical examination revealed thick, brownish scales covering the entire body surface including all larger body flexures and corneae. She had short and dry hair. There were no nail abnormalities and hearing loss. Conclusion:We consider that this patient represents a new manifestation of lamellar ichthyosis disease, because congenitally teeth missing and cephalometric analysis measurements have not been reported before.

  13. Practicing Engineers Talk about the Importance of Talk: A Report on the Role of Oral Communication in the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Ann L.; Dannels, Deanna P.

    2003-01-01

    Reports the results of practicing engineers' descriptions of the importance of oral communication. Suggests that engineering practice takes place in an intensely oral culture and while formal presentations are important to practicing engineers, daily work is characterized more by interpersonal and small group experiences. Notes that communication…

  14. Treatment resistant trigeminal neuralgia relieved with oral sumatriptan: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Moran JA; Neligan A

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Treatment-resistant trigeminal neuralgia is a distressing condition, for both the patient and the treating doctor. To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of trigeminal neuralgia successfully treated with oral sumatriptan in the literature. Case presentation A 51-year-old Caucasian woman was prescribed opiate analgesia for management of her treatment-resistant trigeminal neuralgia. Given the possible harmful effects of initiating such a course of treatment, a specu...

  15. Oral propranolol as a new treatment for facial infantile hemangioma: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Rosane da Cruz Ferreira; Francisco Romeu Locatelli Wolff; Ricardo Mörschbächer

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy. Despite their self-limited course, infantile capillary hemangiomas can impair vital or sensory functions as vision and cause cosmetic deformity. The usual treatments include oral/intralesional steroids, alpha interferon, cytotoxins, pulsed dye laser and cosmetic surgery resection. These treatments are not free of multiple complications and toxic side effects. This report describes the case of a 3-month-old female baby with progressivel...

  16. Successful treatment of lower urinary tract infections with oral fosfomycin: a report of three cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Oliveira da Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms continue to increase, and therapeutic options remain scarce. Given this challenge, it has become necessary to use older antimicrobials for treatment of these pathogens. We report three patients with lower urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae who were successfully treated with a seven-day course of oral fosfomycin monotherapy.

  17. Self-reported poor oral hygiene among in-school adolescents in Zambia

    OpenAIRE

    Rudatsikira Emmanuel; Muula Adamson S; Siziya Seter

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Dental health is a neglected aspect of adolescent health globally but more so in low-income countries. Secondary analysis using the 2004 Zambia Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS) was conducted in which we estimated frequencies of relevant socio-demographic variables and explored associations between selected explanatory variables and self-reported poor oral hygiene (not cleaning or brushing teeth) within the last 30 days of the completion of questionnaire. Findings M...

  18. Prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patient with limited oral access: A clinical report

    OpenAIRE

    Sandeep Kumar; Aman Arora; Reena Yadav

    2012-01-01

    Microstomia may result from surgical treatment of orofacial neoplasms, cleft lips, maxillofacial trauma, burns, radiotherapy or scleroderma. A maximal oral opening that is smaller than the size of a complete denture can make prosthetic treatment challenging. This clinical report presents the prosthodontic management of a total edentulous patient with microstomia. Sectional mandibular and maxillary trays and foldable mandibular and maxillary denture were fabricated for the total edentulous pat...

  19. Prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patient with limited oral access: A clinical report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Microstomia may result from surgical treatment of orofacial neoplasms, cleft lips, maxillofacial trauma, burns, radiotherapy or scleroderma. A maximal oral opening that is smaller than the size of a complete denture can make prosthetic treatment challenging. This clinical report presents the prosthodontic management of a total edentulous patient with microstomia. Sectional mandibular and maxillary trays and foldable mandibular and maxillary denture were fabricated for the total edentulous patient.

  20. MALFORMACIÓN CONGÉNITA DE OÍDO INTERNO: CAVIDAD ÚNICA. Congenital malfomation of inner ear: single cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Julio César Torres Pazmiño; Gilberto Eduardo Marrugo Pardo

    2010-01-01

    Las malformaciones congénitas del oído interno son patologías de baja frecuencia pero que requieren precisión diagnóstica. Se presenta un caso de cavidad única o común con sus correspondientes imágenes radiológicas manejado con implante coclear, así como la revisión de la clasificación y diagnóstico diferencial de las demás anomalías de oído interno.Congenital malformations of the inner ear are rare conditions, but their detection requires high diagnostic accuracy. In this report we describe ...

  1. Oral and inhaled sodium cromoglicate in the management of systemic mastocytosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagberg Hans

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mastocytosis is a rare disease consisting of a group of disorders characterized by a pathologic increase in the number of mast cells in one or more organ system. Treatment is symptomatic. Oral sodium cromoglicate (SCG is the only treatment licensed for the treatment of mastocytosis. In this case we report how in a mastocytosis patient being treated with H1 and H2 antihistamines, and oral sodium cromoglicate, the addition of inhaled sodium cromoglicate resulted in further improvement. This is the first report of this use of the drug in this disease. Case presentation The subject is a Caucasian woman aged 40 years. Symptoms of mastocytosis began when she was aged 13 years, but the diagnosis was not made until after her first pregnancy aged 33 years. Symptoms improved with H1 and H2 antihistamines, and oral sodium cromoglicate, but it required the addition of inhaled sodium cromoglicate to produce further improvement, specifically in the symptoms of bone pain, fatigue and headache. Doses of oral sodium cromoglicate had to be increased if challenged with a food to which the subject was sensitive. Doses of inhaled sodium cromoglicate had to be increased during the menstrual period. Conclusions Patients suffering from the rare disease of mastocytosis have symptoms affecting many body systems. Symptoms result from the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells. Sodium cromoglicate, a drug that reduces the release of mediators from mast cells, is effective in controlling gastrointestinal symptoms, but less effective in those affecting other body systems. In this case report we have shown that the addition of inhaled sodium cromoglicate controls the symptoms of bone pain, fatigue and headache and also that the doses have to be increased during the menstrual period.

  2. SAFETY OF EARLY ORAL FEEDING AFTER TRANSHIATAL ESOPHAGECTOMY : PRELIMINARY REPORT OF A PROSPECTIVE TRIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Jafarian

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Oral feeding is the best means of nutrition in surgical patients. There arc many reports on early oral feeding after lower gastrointestinal {(il operations but data regarding upper Gl procedures is rather scant. This limited study rocuses 011 early removal of nasogastric tube and start of oral diet after transhiatal csophagcctomy. We prospectively evaluated 13 consecutive patients (8 males. 5 females with esophageal cancer who had undergone rranshiatal csophngcctomy from March 100 I to September :lOrn. Nasogustric tube was removed on post-op day 1 and clear liquids started on day 3. Diet was advanced to son regular in tile next 5 days if the patients tolerated it. Mean age of patients was 63 years."nMenu body weight and serum albumin level were 57.9 kg and 3.73 gr/dl., respectively. Tumor pathology was squamous cell carcinoma in 11 cases and adenocarcinoma in I. Location oftumor was at the lower third of the esophagus in 11 cases and middle third in one. All patients ill the study group tolerated tile protocol well. Only one patient had nausea after oral intake, without vomiting. We had one neck wound infection and OIlC pulmonary infection. There was no anastomotic leakage or fistula. A group of I( esophageal cancer patients undergoing trnnshiuta! csophagcctomy in the same period ""'('I'C used as the control group. One anastomotic leakage occurred in control group. We had no significant complication. Early nasogastric tube removal and oral feeding seems to be safe in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing transhiatal csophagcctcmy.

  3. Prosthetic Oral Rehabilitation of a Child With S-ECC: A Case Report with Histopathologic Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannure, P N; Moraes, G G; Borba, McU; Abrahão, A; Andrade, Mtrc; Fidalgo, Tks

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning of a young child with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) as well as the prosthetic rehabilitation technique. A 3-year-old female child was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, difficulty in eating and recurrent hospitalizations caused by dental infections. The mother reported intermittent episodes of fever and recurrent swelling of child's face. The girl presented angular cheilitis and was referred to a dietitian. The treatment plain consisted on a behavior changes in oral hygiene habits, exodontias of all primary teeth and oral rehabilitation with a prosthesis. The extracted teeth with periapical lesions were submitted to histopathologic analysis (hematoxilin and eosin staining) and revealed an inflammatory infiltrate. The aesthetic requirement of children with S-ECC has been a challenge to pediatric dentists. In the present case, the oral rehabilitation provided for the children better aesthetic, nutrition, phonation, and functional conditions. PMID:26551361

  4. Reabilitação Oral em Pacientes Maxilectomizados

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Ângela Maria Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Apesar da cavidade oral ser um local de fácil acesso e observação, a realidade é que a incidência do cancro oral no nosso país é cada vez mais elevada. O mais preocupante é, sem dúvida, o tardio diagnóstico deste tipo de patologia que acaba por contribuir para taxas de morbilidade e mortalidade elevadas. Desta forma, o conhecimento da sintomatologia adjacente ao cancro oral, quer por parte dos profissionais de saúde, quer por parte da população em geral, assume uma importância crucial para a ...

  5. Oral propranolol as a new treatment for facial infantile hemangioma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane da Cruz Ferreira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy. Despite their self-limited course, infantile capillary hemangiomas can impair vital or sensory functions as vision and cause cosmetic deformity. The usual treatments include oral/intralesional steroids, alpha interferon, cytotoxins, pulsed dye laser and cosmetic surgery resection. These treatments are not free of multiple complications and toxic side effects. This report describes the case of a 3-month-old female baby with progressively increasing hemangioma of the left upper eyelid impinging over the visual field. The hemangioma promptly responded to low-dose oral propranolol. A clinical response was noticed few days after the beginning of the treatment, with regression to 1/4 of its original size in 45 days of treatment, and to less than 1/10 after 8 months, free of any major side effects.

  6. Oral histoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil Karthikeya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal disease that takes various clinical forms, among which oral lesions are rare. The disseminated form of the disease that usually occurs in association with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV is one of the AIDS-defining diseases. Isolated oral histoplasmosis, without systemic involvement, with underlying immunosuppression due to AIDS is very rare. We report one such case of isolated oral histoplasmosis in a HIV-infected patient.

  7. Treatment of cyanobacterial (microcystin) toxicosis using oral cholestyramine: case report of a dog from Montana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Kelly A; Alroy, Karen A; Kudela, Raphael M; Oates, Stori C; Murray, Michael J; Miller, Melissa A

    2013-06-01

    A two and a half year old spayed female Miniature Australian Shepherd presented to a Montana veterinary clinic with acute onset of anorexia, vomiting and depression. Two days prior, the dog was exposed to an algal bloom in a community lake.Within h, the animal became lethargic and anorexic, and progressed to severe depression and vomiting. A complete blood count and serum chemistry panel suggested acute hepatitis, and a severe coagulopathy was noted clinically. Feces from the affected dog were positive for the cyanobacterial biotoxin, microcystin-LA (217 ppb). The dog was hospitalized for eight days. Supportive therapy consisted of fluids, mucosal protectants,vitamins, antibiotics, and nutritional supplements. On day five of hospitalization, a bile acid sequestrant, cholestyramine, was administered orally. Rapid clinical improvement was noted within 48 h of initiating oral cholestyramine therapy. At 17 days post-exposure the dog was clinically normal, and remained clinically normal at re-check, one year post-exposure. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful treatment of canine cyanobacterial (microcystin) toxicosis. Untreated microcystin intoxication is commonly fatal, and can result in significant liver damage in surviving animals. The clinical success of this case suggests that oral administration of cholestyramine, in combination with supportive therapy, could significantly reduce hospitalization time, cost-of-care and mortality for microcystin-poisoned animals. PMID:23888515

  8. Treatment of Cyanobacterial (Microcystin Toxicosis Using Oral Cholestyramine: Case Report of a Dog from Montana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Murray

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A two and a half year old spayed female Miniature Australian Shepherd presented to a Montana veterinary clinic with acute onset of anorexia, vomiting and depression. Two days prior, the dog was exposed to an algal bloom in a community lake. Within h, the animal became lethargic and anorexic, and progressed to severe depression and vomiting. A complete blood count and serum chemistry panel suggested acute hepatitis, and a severe coagulopathy was noted clinically. Feces from the affected dog were positive for the cyanobacterial biotoxin, microcystin-LA (217 ppb. The dog was hospitalized for eight days. Supportive therapy consisted of fluids, mucosal protectants, vitamins, antibiotics, and nutritional supplements. On day five of hospitalization, a bile acid sequestrant, cholestyramine, was administered orally. Rapid clinical improvement was noted within 48 h of initiating oral cholestyramine therapy. At 17 days post-exposure the dog was clinically normal, and remained clinically normal at re-check, one year post-exposure. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful treatment of canine cyanobacterial (microcystin toxicosis. Untreated microcystin intoxication is commonly fatal, and can result in significant liver damage in surviving animals. The clinical success of this case suggests that oral administration of cholestyramine, in combination with supportive therapy, could significantly reduce hospitalization time, cost-of-care and mortality for microcystin-poisoned animals

  9. A CONTROVERSIAL ON THE DIAGNOSIS OF CHRONIC BULLOUS TYPE MUCOCUTANEOUS DISEASE INVOLVING ORAL MUCOSA (A CASE REPORT

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    Isadora Gracia

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A case of chronic bullous type mucocutaneous disease involving oral mucosa was reported from a 56 years old man with never healing oral ulcers and wound on the perianal skin for three years. There were also red and black spots on the limb and back skin and a lesion on nail. Painful oral lesion consisted of mucous erosion, desquamative gingivitis, and sloughing area on palate and tongue. The patient is diabetic. The first perianal skin diagnosis was granulomatous candidasis with differential diagnosis pemphigus vegetates and acuminarum condiloma. However the histopathologic examination did not support these diagnosis. After several histopathologic examinations, the latest perianal skin diagnosis was lichen planus with differential diagnosis granulomatous vasculitis, bowenoid papulosis and pyodema gangrenosum. Other skin diagnosis was erythema multiforme. Oral diagnosis was mucous membrane pemphigoid with differential diagnosis lichen planus, Behçet's syndrome and erythema multiforme. Oral histopathologic examinations showed a sub-epithelial blister, which supported mucous membrane pemphigoid. A lip balm, prednisone 5 mg oral rinse and multivitamins were given but oral improvement started after blood sugar level was controlled. Conclusion: It is not yet known whether skin and oral mucous lesions are from the same disease or not.

  10. Blastomicosis oral, papilomatosis laríngea y tuberculosis esofágica Oral blastomycosis, laryngeal papillomatosis and esophageal tuberculosis

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    Manuel Montoya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El compromiso esofágico es una complicación infrecuente de la tuberculosis incluso en países con alta prevalencia de infección. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 57 años no seropositivo al virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH, con diagnóstico simultáneo de blastomicosis en cavidad oral y papilomatosis laríngea, ambas confirmadas por anatomía patológica. La biopsia de esófago reveló esofagitis granulomatosa con necrosis; la tinción de Ziehl-Neelsen mostró bacilos ácido-alcohol resistente, sugerentes de tuberculosis. El antecedente de tuberculosis pulmonar en dos oportunidades y abandono de tratamiento determinó el inicio de tratamiento antituberculoso de segunda línea a través de un tubo de gastrostomía, más itraconazol vía oral. La evolución fue favorable.Esophageal involvement is an extremely rare complication of tuberculosis even in countries with high prevalence of infection. We report the case of a 57 year-old hiv-seronegative patient with simultaneous diagnoses of oral blastomycosis and laryngeal papillomatosis. Both were confirmed by anatomopathological analysis. The esophageal biopsy revealed granulomatous esophagitis with necrosis and ziehl-neelsen stain showed acid-fast alcohol resistant bacilli suggestive of tuberculosis. The patient’s history included pulmonary tuberculosis twice and previous abandonment of therapy. Thus, it was necessary to use oral itraconazole combined with second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs administered through a gastrostomy tube. The clinical development was favorable.

  11. Diagnosis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis in an Infant Undergoing Milk Oral Immunotherapy - A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Morais Silva, P; Antunes, J; Chambel, M; Prates, S.; Leiria-Pinto, P

    2014-01-01

    Although the standard of care for cow’s milk (CM) allergy is strict food avoidance, oral immunotherapy (OIT) is being widely investigated as an alternative management option in certain cases. Immediate adverse reactions to OIT have been described, but its long-term effects are much less often reported. We present the case of a girl diagnosed with IgE-mediated CM allergy that was proposed for our CM OIT protocol at the age of 3 years. The first sessions (dose escalation up to 5 ml) were ...

  12. Dirofilariasis involving the oral cavity: report of the first case from South America

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    Laudenice Lucena Pereira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Oral dirofilariasis is very rare with non-specific clinical manifestations. Here, we report the case of a 65-year-old South American woman with a submucosal nodule on her right buccal mucosa. The nodule was slightly tender and painful. Differential diagnoses included mesenchymal (lipoma or fibrolipoma, solitary fibrous tumor, and neurofibroma or glandular benign tumors (pleomorphic adenoma with secondary infections. We performed excisional biopsy. A histopathological examination revealed a dense fibrous capsule and a single female filarial worm showing double uterus appearance, neural plaque, well-developed musculature and intestinal apparatus. Dirofilariasis was diagnosed, and the patient was followed-up for 12 months without recurrence.

  13. Vaccine-associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis : A Case Report of Flaccid Monoparesis after Oral Polio Vaccine

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sun Jun; Kim, Sung Han; Jee, Young Mee; Kim, Jung Soo

    2007-01-01

    This report describes a case of acute flaccid paralysis after administration of oral polio vaccine (OPV). A 4 month-old male patient with the decreased movement of left lower extremity for 1 month was transferred to the Department of Pediatrics. He received OPV with DTaP at 2 months of age. Flaccid paralysis was detected 4 weeks after OPV immunization. Attempts to isolate Sabin-like viruses in the two stool and CSF samples failed because those specimens were collected more than 2 month after ...

  14. Gastrointestinal bleedings during therapy with new oral anticoagulants are rarely reported

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay-Nielsen, Morten; Kampmann, Jens Peter; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Post-marketing surveillance of drugs relies on spontaneous reporting of adverse drug events to the Danish Health and Medicines Authority. A number of new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) have recently been marketed in Denmark. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reporting of......, Surgical Section, Hvidovre Hospital, during a one-year-period. Patients in treatment with NOAC and admitted for gastrointestinal bleeding were identified. Relevant patients were cross-checked for a reported adverse drug event in the Danish Health and Medi-cines Authority's database on adverse medical...... underreported which questions the current effectiveness of post-marketing surveillance of adverse drug effects. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered with clin-icaltrials.gov (NCT02107651)....

  15. The Prevalence of Self-Reported Halitosis and Oral Hygiene Practices among Libyan Students and Office Workers

    OpenAIRE

    A, Eldarrat; J, Alkhabuli; A, Malik

    2008-01-01

    Aims:The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of self-reported halitosis, oral hygiene practices and related diseases among Libyan students and employees.Methods: Six hundred self-administered structured questionnaires were used to investigate self-perception of halitosis and oral hygiene practices among a group of Libyan volunteers. Chi square test was used to detect significant differences between frequencies and to test correlation between self-perception of halitosis and measu...

  16. Oral, esophageal and cutaneous lichen ruber planus controlled with alitretinoin: case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Kolios, Antonios G. A.; Marques Maggio, Ewerton; Gubler, Christoph; Cozzio, Antonio; Dummer, Reinhard; Lars E. French; Navarini, Alexander A.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Therapy-resistant lichen planus (LP) can be a challenging condition for dermatologists. There are some case reports about successful treatments with alitretinoin of cutaneous and oral, but not of esophageal LP. OBJECTIVE: We present the unique case of a patient with cutaneous, oral and esophageal LP which was refractory to classical treatment options (topical clobetasol propionate and pimecrolimus, intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide); because of systemic side effects the patien...

  17. Self-reported halitosis and emotional state: impact on oral conditions and treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trimarchi Giuseppe

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. The aim of this study was to examine behavior in a sample of Italian subjects with reference to self-reported halitosis and emotional state, and specifically the presence of dental anxiety. Methods The study was performed on Italian subjects (N = 1052; range 15-65 years. A self-report questionnaire was used to detect self-reported halitosis and other variables possibly linked to it (sociodemographic data, medical and dental history, oral hygiene, and others, and a dental anxiety scale (DAS divided into two subscales that explore a patient's dental anxiety and dental anxiety concerning dentist-patient relations. Associations between self-reported halitosis and the abovementioned variables were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis. Correlations between the two groups, with self-perceived halitosis and without, were also investigated with dental anxiety and with the importance attributed to one's own mouth and that of others. Results The rate of self-reported halitosis was 19.39%. The factors linked with halitosis were: anxiety regarding dentist patient relations (relational dental anxiety (OR = 1.04, CI = 1.01-1.07, alcohol consumption (OR = 0.47, CI = 0.34-0.66, gum diseases (OR = 0.39, CI = 0.27-0.55, age > 30 years (OR = 1.01, CI = 1.00-1.02, female gender (OR = 0.71, CI = 0.51-0.98, poor oral hygiene (OR = 0.65, CI = 0.43-0.98, general anxiety (OR = 0.66, CI = 0.49-0.90, and urinary system pathologies (OR = 0.46, CI = 0.30-0.70. Other findings emerged concerning average differences between subjects with or without self-perceived halitosis, dental anxiety and the importance attributed to one's own mouth and that of others. Conclusions Halitosis requires professional care not only by dentists, but also psychological support as it is a problem that leads to avoidance behaviors and thereby limits relationships. It

  18. Successful Management of Phaeochromocytoma using Preoperative Oral Labetalol and Intraoperative Magnesium Sulphate; Report of four cases

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    Sanath Kumar B. S.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Phaeochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine catecholamine-secreting tumour. This type of tumour poses multidimensional anaesthetic challenges as it has an unpredictable clinical course during surgical resection. The alpha-blocking agent phenoxybenzamine remained the mainstay in preoperative preparation before the introduction of beta-blocking agents. We report four cases operated between 2009–2012 at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. The cases were prepared with oral labetalol, as the alpha-blocking drug phenoxybenzamine was not immediately available. Responses to simulated stress were tested in the theatre before surgery. Anaesthesia was induced under invasive arterial pressure monitoring and magnesium sulphate infusion. Rare intraoperative surges in blood pressure during tumour manipulation were treated with sodium nitroprusside infusions and phentolamine boluses. All of the patients had an uneventful postoperative recovery. Preoperative treatment with labetalol has rarely been reported and can be considered as a potential therapeutic option with optimal patient monitoring if phenoxybenzamine is unavailable.

  19. Self-reported oral health in the Brazilian adult population: results of the 2013 National Health Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nico, Lucélia Silva; Andrade, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Pucca Júnior, Gilberto Alfredo; Peres, Marco Aurelio

    2016-02-01

    Oral diseases are a relevant public health problem in Brazil, because of their prevalence and magnitude in the population. Population-based surveys are essential tools for the election of groups and demands priority attention, . The aim of this paper was to describe the self-reported oral health status of the population, according to sociodemographic factors. A descriptive study was conducted using the National Health Survey data of 2013. Indicators associated with oral hygiene practices and oral health conditions were analyzed. Men, elders, blacks and browns, individuals with no education and with incomplete elementary level, residents in rural areas and in the northeast had the lowest frequencies of the indicators of oral hygiene and health self-perception oral as good or very good. Total loss has affected about 16.0 million. Both total tooth loss as the loss of 13 or more teeth was more frequent among women, individuals aged 60 and older, poorly educated, residents in rural areas. It is concluded that the data from the National Health Research -PNS 2013 reinforce the need for policies and actions that minimize the inequalities in oral health, ensuring access to the most vulnerable population sub-groups according to their health needs. PMID:26910147

  20. Association between self-reported oral health, tooth loss and atherosclerotic burden

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    Maximiliano Schünke Gomes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have suggested that oral diseases may influence the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that poor self-reported oral health (SROH and tooth loss are positively associated with coronary atherosclerotic burden (CAB. 382 consecutive subjects undergoing coronary angiography were included. Socio-demographic characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors and oral health status were collected using a standardized questionnaire, including data on SROH and use of dental prosthesis. Number of teeth and anthropometric measures were collected through clinical examinations. CAB at coronary angiography was quantified using the Friesinger score (FS. Prevalence ratios (PR were calculated with Poisson regression analyses. Mean age was 60.3 ± 10.8 years, with 63.2% males. In the bivariate analysis, there was a significant association (p 60y (PR = 1.01, 95%CI = 1.02-1.16, male gender (PR = 1.11, 95%CI = 1.03-1.19, smoking (PR = 1.08, 95%CI = 1.01- 1.16, hypertension (PR = 1.12, 95%CI = 1.03-1.22, diabetes (PR = 1.17, 95%CI = 1.05-1.21, poor SROH (PR = 1.22, 95%CI = 1.02-1.46 and tooth loss (< 20teeth present (PR = 1.10, 95%CI = 1.02-1.19. The use of dental prosthesis was not associated with CAB. The multivariate models, adjusted for age, gender, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia showed that poor SROH (p = 0.03 and tooth loss (p = 0.02 were independently associated with CAB, confirming the study hypothesis.

  1. Retention proposal in complex cavities. Propuesta de retención en cavidades complejas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aracelis Navarro Sánchez

    2003-12-01

    disciplina fácil o que brinde resultados gratificantes con poco esfuerzo debido a las dificultades técnicas que ofrece la reconstrucción correcta de un elemento dentario destruido. Con frecuencia ocurren heridas pulpares durante el anclaje de los elementos adicionales de retención en cavidades complejas, agravadas por las dificultades técnicas que ocasiona la carencia de estos elementos, lo cual justifica la necesidad de simplificar los procederes dentales. Objetivo: Demostrar la factibilidad de la sustitución de los medios adicionales de anclaje por un surco retentivo en cavidades complejas de molares vitales en los que se necesite restaurar más de una cúspide. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo a 53 pacientes (42 % del universo seleccionados mediante un muestreo aleatorio simple. Partiendo de una cavidad próximo-oclusal o MOD, las preparaciones cavitarias se extendieron en forma de cajas hacia región bucal o lingual y se sustituyeron los elementos adicionales de retención por un surco practicado en la pared gingival de la preparación. Se colocó hidróxido de calcio de fraguado rápido como forro cavitario, cemento de policarboxilato como base , y se realizó entonces la restauración de amalgama. Se precisó el número de restauraciones realizadas según la edad y el número de fracasos por fractura de la amalgama, pérdidas de la vitalidad y cambios periapicales teniendo en cuenta la edad y la evolución en un año. Resultados : La mayoría de las restauraciones de amalgama se realizaron en pacientes con edades comprendidas entre 35 y 59 años. Los valores de frecuencia relativa con que ocurrieron las fracturas de amalgama, pérdida de vitalidad y cambios periapicales fueron muy bajos. Conclusión: La sustitución de los medios adicionales de anclaje por un surco retentivo, en cavidades complejas de molares vitales en los que se necesita restaura

  2. Oral malignant melanoma: An aggressive clinical entity - Report of a rare case with review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Shamimul; Jamdar, Sami Faisal; Jangra, Jogender; Al Beaiji, Sadun Mohammad Al Ageel

    2016-01-01

    Melanomais one of the most dreaded and aggressive neoplasms, being derived from epidermal melanocytes. The majority of melanomas are seen to involve the skin, and primary mucosal melanomas account for less than 1% of all melanomas. Oral malignant melanomas (OMM) are asymptomatic at the initial presentation, but later they become painful with growth and expansion. In the late stages, the patient may present with ulceration, bleeding, tooth mobility, paresthesia, ill-fitting prosthesis, and delayed healing of the extraction sockets. Diagnosis is often delayed due to asymptomatic clinical presentation, with silent progression of the lesion. OMM are associated with poor prognosis due to their invasive and metastasizing tendencies. The condition has poor survival rates, and metastatic melanomas show even worse prognosis. The 5-year survival rate for OMM ranges 4.5–29%, with 18.5 months being the mean survival rate. The tumor is best managed by wide surgical resection; however, consideration should also be made for adjunctive therapies such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy. Recurrences may be seen even 10–15 years after the primary therapy. This paper aims to present an interesting report of aggressive OMM in a 50-year-old male patient and emphasizes the role of dental professionals in maintaining a high degree of vigilance for the pigmented lesions of the oral cavity. Pigmented lesions of uncertain origin should be routinely biopsied to rule out malignancy. Early diagnosis of this dreadful entity entails thorough history taking, physical examination, and radiographic features coupled with histopathology. PMID:27114959

  3. Oral malignant melanoma: An aggressive clinical entity - Report of a rare case with review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Shamimul; Jamdar, Sami Faisal; Jangra, Jogender; Al Beaiji, Sadun Mohammad Al Ageel

    2016-01-01

    Melanomais one of the most dreaded and aggressive neoplasms, being derived from epidermal melanocytes. The majority of melanomas are seen to involve the skin, and primary mucosal melanomas account for less than 1% of all melanomas. Oral malignant melanomas (OMM) are asymptomatic at the initial presentation, but later they become painful with growth and expansion. In the late stages, the patient may present with ulceration, bleeding, tooth mobility, paresthesia, ill-fitting prosthesis, and delayed healing of the extraction sockets. Diagnosis is often delayed due to asymptomatic clinical presentation, with silent progression of the lesion. OMM are associated with poor prognosis due to their invasive and metastasizing tendencies. The condition has poor survival rates, and metastatic melanomas show even worse prognosis. The 5-year survival rate for OMM ranges 4.5-29%, with 18.5 months being the mean survival rate. The tumor is best managed by wide surgical resection; however, consideration should also be made for adjunctive therapies such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy. Recurrences may be seen even 10-15 years after the primary therapy. This paper aims to present an interesting report of aggressive OMM in a 50-year-old male patient and emphasizes the role of dental professionals in maintaining a high degree of vigilance for the pigmented lesions of the oral cavity. Pigmented lesions of uncertain origin should be routinely biopsied to rule out malignancy. Early diagnosis of this dreadful entity entails thorough history taking, physical examination, and radiographic features coupled with histopathology. PMID:27114959

  4. Oral traumatic neuroma with mature ganglion cells: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes Marcio

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic neuromas are characterized by the presence of pain, burning, or paresthesia, associated with a history of trauma, normally surgery, in the same site. In the oral cavity, the most commonly affected sites are the lip, tongue, and mental nerve area. Pressure on the suspected area usually provokes pain. They microscopically consist of a proliferation of nerve fascicles embedded in a background of collagen. We present a case of a 42-year-old Latin American female patient complaining of a painful solitary nodule erupting on the lingual surface of the mandibular body. Histopathological analysis showed a traumatic neuroma associated with mature ganglion cells, which is an extremely unusual finding. After complete removal of the lesion the symptoms disappeared. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a unique lesion with unusual clinical and histopathological features reported in the English language literature.

  5. Complete oral rehabilitation of a postresection ameloblastoma patient: a clinical case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minichetti, John C; D'Amore, Joseph C; Schwarz, Evan

    2011-12-01

    Conventional ameloblastomas are rare, benign, epithelial odontogenic tumors that tend to grow slowly in the mandible or maxilla, but are locally invasive and can be highly destructive of the surrounding dental anatomy. Aggressive resection is the most effective method of eliminating the tumors, but treatment can further contribute to patient deformity and malfunction. Ameloblastomas also have a high rate of recurrence, which significantly diminishes 8 years after resection, but still requires vigilant clinical monitoring. This case report describes the complete oral rehabilitation of a postresection ameloblastoma patient with a mandibular reconstruction plate and partial edentulism. An autogenous graft was taken from the patient's iliac crest, shaped to fit the defect, and attached with bone screws. After graft incorporation, dental implants were successfully placed into the augmented ridge and restored with a fixed partial denture. There was no evidence of tumor recurrence during the 10 months of treatment or 8 years of subsequent clinical monitoring. PMID:21955211

  6. Estudo de prevalência de HPV na cavidade oral de um grupo de mulheres portuguesas na Universidade Fernando Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Samuel Gonçalves de Matos Moreira de

    2016-01-01

    O Cancro da Cabeça e Pescoço é uma patologia com uma das mais altas taxas de mortalidade no mundo. Em Portugal, surgem 2500 a 3000 novos casos desta doença por ano. A etiologia é multifatorial sendo que os principais fatores a ter em conta são o tabaco e o álcool. Outros fatores de risco podem ser biológicos como por exemplo o vírus do papiloma humano (HPV). Este vírus é altamente contagioso e apresenta lesões idênticas quer orais quer genitais, talvez por isso se tenha procurado uma assoc...

  7. The association between population aging and oral and pharynx cancer incidence in the American continent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle E Denison

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la asociación entre envejecimiento de la población y la incidencia de cáncer de la cavidad oral y de faringe en los países del continente americano. Métodos: Estudio ecológico usando datos de cada país. Los datos por país para cáncer oral y faringe provienen de la Agencia Internacional de Investigación sobre el Cáncer (GLOBOCAN 2002. Veintiocho países de América del Norte, América Central y América del Sur, fueron incluidos. Las variables dependientes fueron las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de cavidad oral y de faringe (por 100.000/año a nivel de cada país por sexo, en total y por grupos de edades 0-64 años y 65+ años, y la variable independiente principal fue el envejecimiento de la población a nivel del país (% de personas mayores de 65+ años. Otras variables consideradas fueron el ingreso nacional bruto per cápita y la prevalencia del fumar por sexo a nivel de cada país. Resultados: Las tasas globales de incidencia del cáncer de la cavidad oral y de faringe de los países fueron correlacionadas significativamente con los porcentajes de envejecimiento poblacional de los países (p Conclusión: El envejecimiento de la población a nivel de los países se asoció con mayores tasas de incidencia de cáncer de la cavidad oral y de faringe en el continente americano.

  8. Úlcera eosinófila de la mucosa oral Eosinophilic ulcer of oral mucosa

    OpenAIRE

    A.C. Bencini; C.A. Bencini; V. Strada; M. Florencia Soldavini; G.M. Bruno; M.F. Cordeu; M.A. Cotignola

    2009-01-01

    La Úlcera Eosinófila de la Mucosa Oral, es una entidad poco frecuente, pobremente descrita en la literatura mundial. Se define como una lesión benigna autolimitada que si bien puede presentarse en distintas áreas de la cavidad bucal, presenta una marcada predilección por la mucosa ventral de la lengua. Clínicamente, se presenta como una lesión ulcerada de bordes indurados y sobreelevados. Los hallazgos histopatológicos son característicos y consisten en un infiltrado mixto rico en eosinófilos...

  9. Oral myiasis

    OpenAIRE

    Treville Pereira; Tamgadge, Avinash P.; Mayura S Chande; Sudhir Bhalerao; Sandhya Tamgadge

    2010-01-01

    Myiasis is a relatively rare condition arising from the invasion of body tissues or cavities of living animals or humans by maggots or larvae of certain species of flies. It is an uncommon clinical condition, being more frequent in underdeveloped countries and hot climate regions, and is associated with poor hygiene, suppurative oral lesions; alcoholism and senility. Its diagnosis is made basically by the presence of larvae. The present article reports a case of oral myiasis involving 20 larv...

  10. Mitochondrial DNA copy number and risk of oral cancer: a report from Northeast India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosy Mondal

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC is the sixth most common cancer globally. Tobacco consumption and HPV infection, both are the major risk factor for the development of oral cancer and causes mitochondrial dysfunction. Genetic polymorphisms in xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes modify the effect of environmental exposures, thereby playing a significant role in gene-environment interactions and hence contributing to the individual susceptibility to cancer. Here, we have investigated the association of tobacco - betel quid chewing, HPV infection, GSTM1-GSTT1 null genotypes, and tumour stages with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA content variation in oral cancer patients. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The study comprised of 124 cases of OSCC and 140 control subjects to PCR based detection was done for high-risk HPV using a consensus primer and multiplex PCR was done for detection of GSTM1-GSTT1 polymorphism. A comparative ΔCt method was used for determination of mtDNA content. The risk of OSCC increased with the ceased mtDNA copy number (Ptrend  = 0.003. The association between mtDNA copy number and OSCC risk was evident among tobacco - betel quid chewers rather than tobacco - betel quid non chewers; the interaction between mtDNA copy number and tobacco - betel quid was significant (P = 0.0005. Significant difference was observed between GSTM1 - GSTT1 null genotypes (P = 0.04, P = 0.001 respectively and HPV infection (P<0.001 with mtDNA content variation in cases and controls. Positive correlation was found with decrease in mtDNA content with the increase in tumour stages (P<0.001. We are reporting for the first time the association of HPV infection and GSTM1-GSTT1 null genotypes with mtDNA content in OSCC. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the mtDNA content in tumour tissues changes with tumour stage and tobacco-betel quid chewing habits while low levels of mtDNA content suggests invasive thereby serving as a biomarker in

  11. Removal of an oral squamous cell carcinoma including parts of osseointegrated implants in the marginal mandibulectomy. A case report.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, G.J.; Dieleman, F.J.; Berge, S.J.; Merkx, M.A.W.

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) arising around dental implants will increase because of the rising popularity of dental implants. In this case, a novel surgical treatment of an OSCC in the vicinity of endosseous implants is reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 69-year

  12. THE IMPORTANCE TO RECOGNIZE ORAL MANIFESTATIONS OF ACUTE LEUKEMIA (CASE REPORT)

    OpenAIRE

    Anandina Irmagita; Siti Aliyah Pradono

    2015-01-01

    Dentists could be the first health providers who detect the oral manifestation of early symptoms of leukemia. The management of three cases of acute leukemia, which had intra oral manifestations that were unnoticed by the dentists, are discussed. Before being referred to the Oral Medicine Department, these patients had undergone invasive dental treatment by their dentist, which had caused complication such as bleeding. After being referred, the patients had undergone non-invasive dental exami...

  13. Use of Low Level Laser Therapy for Oral Lichen Planus: Report of Two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdavi O; Boostani N.; Jajarm HH.; Falaki F.; Tabesh A.

    2013-01-01

    Oral Lichen Planus is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Erosive/ ulcerative oral lichen planus is often a painful condition that tends to become malignant, urging appropriate therapy. Laser therapy has recently been suggested as a new treatment option without significant side effects. This article presents two cases of erosive/ ulcerative oral lichen planus, who had not received any treatment before, treated with 630 nm low level laser. Lesion type and pain was recorded befo...

  14. Diagnosis and Intralesional Corticotherapy in Oral Ulcers Occurring as the Sole Manifestation of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambirazi, Liane; Libório, Tatiana; Nunes, Fábio; Sugaya, Norberto; Migliari, Dante

    2016-01-01

    This article reports a case of oral mucosa lesions as the sole manifestation in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). This is a very uncommon manifestation of LCH since this disease preferably affects the bones with frequent involvement of the jaws. LCH may also involve other organs, particularly the lungs, liver, lymph nodes, and skin. The highlights of this report are the differential diagnosis, immunohistochemical analysis and, mostly, the therapeutic approach. PMID:27398106

  15. A Case Report of Tooth Wear Associated with a Patient's Inappropriate Efforts to Reduce Oral Malodor Caused by Endodontic Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiro Yoneda

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of severe tooth wear associated with a patient's inappropriate efforts to reduce oral malodor. A 72-year-old male patient visited our breath clinic complaining of strong breath odor. Former dentists had performed periodontal treatments including scaling and root planing, but his oral malodor did not decrease. His own subsequent breath odor-reducing efforts included daily use of lemons and vinegar to reduce or mask the odor, eating and chewing hard foods to clean his teeth, and extensive tooth brushing with a hard-bristled toothbrush. Oral malodor was detected in our breath clinic by several tests, including an organoleptic test, portable sulphide monitor, and gas chromatography. Although patient's oral hygiene and periodontal condition were not poor on presentation, his teeth showed heavy wear and hypersensitiving with an unfitted restoration on tooth 16. Radiographic examination of the tooth did not reveal endodontic lesion, but when the metal crown was removed, severe pus discharge and strong malodor were observed. When this was treated, his breath odor was improved. After dental treatment and oral hygiene instruction, no further tooth wear was observed; he was not concerned about breath odor thereafter.

  16. Diseño de una escala de salud oral de potencialidad infecciosa

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça Moutinho Relvas, Marta

    2012-01-01

    La combinación de diferentes variables para conformar escalas de salud oral no ha sido una práctica muy habitual en la literatura odontológica. La idea de representar el estado de salud oral con un único valor numérico cobró un especial interés con el desarrollo de la “Medicina Periodontal”, que intenta establecer correlaciones entre los procesos infecciosos/inflamatorios de la cavidad oral y el desarrollo de determinadas enfermedades sistémicas. En este trabajo proponemos una nueva escala de...

  17. Curriculum Planning for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Assistant Program. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Mary Ann

    This project was conducted to develop a curriculum for dental auxiliary training in the dental specialty field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Research was conducted to identify the major functions performed by an oral surgery assistant and then to organize these functions into an educational program that would provide adequate didactic and…

  18. Efeitos do sulfato de bário na cavidade pleural de ratos Effects of barium sulphate in rats pleural cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanni Antonio Marsico; Rui Haddad; Carlos Eduardo de Souza Carvalho; Patrícia Gioia de Assis; Ivam Martinelli Júnior; Maria Das Graças Martins

    2001-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do sulfato de bário na cavidade pleural de ratos. MÉTODO: Foram avaliados, experimentalmente, os efeitos do sulfato de bário a 100% na cavidade pleural de 43 ratos. Sob anestesia inalatória com éter, foi realizada injeção de contraste radiológico (1ml) na cavidade pleural direita após punção com agulha romba pela via subxifóide. Os ratos, divididos em três grupos, foram mortos em câmara fechada com éter, após 24h (13 ratos), 48h (16 ratos) e 21 dias (14 ratos), re...

  19. Relapsing insulin-induced lipoatrophy, cured by prolonged low-dose oral prednisone: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantelau Ernst A

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Circumscript, progressing lipoatrophy at the insulin injection sites is an unexplained, however rare condition in diabetes mellitus. Case presentation We report a case of severe localised lipoatrophy developing during insulin pump-treatment (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion with the insulin analogue lispro (Humalog® in a woman with type-1 diabetes mellitus. After 11 months of progressing lipoatrophy at two spots on the abdomen, low-dose prednisone (5-10 mg p.o. was given at breakfast for 8 months, whereby the atrophic lesions centripetally re-filled with subcutaneous fat tissue (confirmed by MRI despite ongoing use of insulin lispro. However, 4 weeks after cessation of prednisone, lipoatrophy relapsed, but resolved after another 2 months of low-dose prednisone. No further relapse was noted during 12 months of follow-up on insulin-pump therapy with Humalog®. Conclusion Consistent with an assumed inflammatory nature of the condition, low-dose oral prednisone appeared to have cured the lipoatrophic reaction in our patient. Our observation suggests a temporary intolerance of the subcutaneous fat tissue to insulin lispro (Humalog®, triggered by an unknown endogenous mechanism.

  20. Parental reports of the oral health-related quality of life of children with cerebral palsy

    OpenAIRE

    Abanto Jenny; Carvalho Thiago S; Bönecker Marcelo; Ortega Adriana OL; Ciamponi Ana L; Raggio Daniela P

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The severity of physical and mental impairments and oral problems, as well as socioeconomic factors, may have an impact on quality of life of children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this research was to assess the impact of impairments and oral health conditions, adjusted by socioeconomic factors, on the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of children with CP using their parents as proxies. Methods Sixty children, between 6-14 years of age were selected. The...

  1. Oral Myiasis Affecting Gingiva in a Child Patient: An Uncommon Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fareedi Mukram Ali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain dipteran flies larvae causing invasion of the tissues and organs of the humans or other vertebrates are called as myiasis, which feed on hosts dead or living tissues. It is well documented in the skin and hot climate regions; underdeveloped countries are affected more commonly. Oral cavity is affected rarely and it can be secondary to serious medical conditions. Poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, or suppurating lesions can be associated with the oral myiasis. Inflammatory and allergic reactions are the commonest clinical manifestations of the disease. In the present case, gingiva of maxillary anterior region was affected by larval infection in a 13-year-old mentally retarded patient.

  2. Localised Leishmaniasis of Oral Mucosa: Report of an Unusual Clinicopathological Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Passi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The term leishmaniasis comprises of a group of diseases caused by different species of a protozoan called Leishmania. There are three main clinical forms of leishmaniasis: visceral leishmaniasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Exclusive involvement of the mucosa is very rare. We present a case of mucosal leishmaniasis located in the oral cavity. The only manifestation of leishmaniasis disease in the described case was the appearance of an oral lesion. Treatment was provided in the form of antimoniates (oral miltefosine and systemic sodium stibogluconate. A review of literature is made on the subject.

  3. Use of Low Level Laser Therapy for Oral Lichen Planus: Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdavi O.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Oral Lichen Planus is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Erosive/ ulcerative oral lichen planus is often a painful condition that tends to become malignant, urging appropriate therapy. Laser therapy has recently been suggested as a new treatment option without significant side effects. This article presents two cases of erosive/ ulcerative oral lichen planus, who had not received any treatment before, treated with 630 nm low level laser. Lesion type and pain was recorded before and after treatment. Severity of lesions and pain were reduced after treatment. Low Level Laser Therapy was an effective treatment with no side effects and it may be considered as an alternative therapy for erosive/ulcerative oral lichen planus.

  4. Patient Related Factors Associated with Delayed Reporting in Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Akram

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: The results of this study provide guidance towards interventions to reduce patient delay. Interventions should target the rural, older age group and lower socioeconomic population for educating them and to change their psychosocial behavior for oral and oropharyngeal cancer.

  5. Ledderhose disease: a case report with palmar fibromatosis, keloid and partial response to oral retinoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadr Eshkevari Shahriar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ledderhose disease is a rare hyperproliferative disorder of fibrous tissue. We present the case of a 40-year-old man who presented with bilateral plantar fibromatosis, dupuytren contracture and keloid, with partial response to oral acitretin.

  6. Nasoendotracheal tube obstruction by a nasal polyp in emergency oral surgery: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Milic Morena; Goranovic Tatjana; Knezevic Predrag

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Nasal polyps can make nasoendotracheal intubation difficult. We present a case of complete obstruction of a nasoendotracheal tube by a nasal polyp during a blind nasoendotracheal intubation in emergency oral surgery.

  7. Primary Oral Malignant Melanoma: Two Case Reports and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Sharma

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant melanoma of the oral cavity is a rare neoplasm. The tumors tend to metastasize or locally invade tissue more readily than other malignant tumors in the oral region. The survival of patients with mucosal melanomas is less than for those with cutaneous melanomas. Tumor size and metastases are related to the prognosis of the disease. Early detection, therefore, is important.

  8. Linear IgA dermatosis adult variant with oral manifestation: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T Isaac Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Linear immunoglobulin A (IgA dermatosis (LAD is a rare autoimmune disorder that presents as a vesiculo-bullous lesion with cutaneous manifestations, but rare oral mucosal involvement. Here we discuss a case of a vesiculobullous lesion with severe oral and ocular mucosal involvement mimicking pemphigoid with histopathological evidence of subepithelial blisters. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF confirmed the lesion as LAD of adult variant, although with atypical clinical features.

  9. Localised Leishmaniasis of Oral Mucosa: Report of an Unusual Clinicopathological Entity

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Passi; Sarang Sharma; Shubharanjan Dutta; Chandan Gupta

    2014-01-01

    The term leishmaniasis comprises of a group of diseases caused by different species of a protozoan called Leishmania. There are three main clinical forms of leishmaniasis: visceral leishmaniasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Exclusive involvement of the mucosa is very rare. We present a case of mucosal leishmaniasis located in the oral cavity. The only manifestation of leishmaniasis disease in the described case was the appearance of an oral lesion. Treatment was ...

  10. Ulceration of the oral mucosa induced by antidepressant medication: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bertini Fernanda; Costa Nívea; Brandão Adriana; Cavalcante Ana; Almeida Janete

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Ulcers are frequent lesions of the oral mucosa. Generally, they are circumscribed round or elliptical lesions surrounded by an erythematous halo and covered with an inflammatory exudate in their central portion, and are accompanied by painful symptoms. Oral ulcers affect 20% of the population, especially adolescents and young adults. The etiopathogenesis includes immunological alterations, infections, nutritional deficiency, trauma, food and contact allergies, autoimmune...

  11. Oral infection control to assist infliximab therapy in a Behçet's disease patient with severe eye inflammation in response to dental treatment: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Kudo, Chieko; Wakabayashi, Hiroshi; Shimoe, Masayuki; Kobayashi, Hiroya; Ito, Takashi; Ohkawa, Toshinori; Isoshima-Nakamura, Arisa; Mineshiba, Junji; Yoshioka, Norie; Nawachi, Kumiko; Maeda, Hiroshi; Matsuo,Toshihiko; Makino,Hirofumi; Takashiba, Shogo

    2014-01-01

    Key Clinical Message We report a case of Behçet's disease which was aggravated by psychological stress and oral infection. The control of oral infection under medical and dental collaboration is important for providing Behçet's disease patients with the optimal medical care and for facilitating the relief of the primary disease.

  12. Aggressive Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor of the Maxillary Sinus with Extraosseous Oral Mucosal Involvement: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Vidya Rani; Mahaboob Kadar Masthan; Babu Aravindha; Sankari Leena

    2016-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumors are benign odontogenic neoplasms whose occurrence in the maxillary sinus is rare. Maxillary tumors tend to be locally aggressive and may rapidly involve the surrounding vital structures. We report a case of a large calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of the maxilla, involving the maxillary sinus in a 48-year-old woman. The tumor was largely intraosseous. In the canine and first premolar regions, the loss of bone could be palpated but the oral mucos...

  13. Self-reported oral health and associated factors in the North Finland 1966 birth cohort at the age of 31

    OpenAIRE

    Lintula, Terho; Laitala, Ville; Pesonen, Paula; Sipilä, Kirsi; Laitala, Marja-Liisa; Taanila, Anja; Anttonen, Vuokko

    2014-01-01

    Background The Northern Finland 1966 birth cohort (NFBC 1966) is an epidemiological study where the participants have been controlled since pregnancy both in field tests and using questionnaires. This study aimed to evaluate cross-sectionally the association of self-reported oral symptoms (dental caries and bleeding of gums) with sociodemographic and health behavior factors among the subjects. Methods Of the 11,541 original members of the cohort, 8,690 (75%) responded to the questionnaire on ...

  14. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the oral cavity Linfoma difuso de grandes células B primário de boca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Correia Jham

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Lymphomas arising within the oral cavity account for only 3.5% of all oral malignancies. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype characterized by diffuse proliferation of large neoplastic B lymphoid cells. This paper reports a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma affecting the oral cavity of a Brazilian woman, along with its clinical, microscopical, immunohistochemical, and molecular features.Linfomas correspondem a 3,5% de todos os casos de lesões malignas de boca. O linfoma difuso de grandes células B é um subtipo de linfoma não-Hodgkin caracterizado pela proliferação difusa de células linfóides B. Este artigo relata um caso de linfoma difuso de grandes células B localizado na cavidade bucal de uma mulher brasileira, incluindo os achados clínicos, microscópicos, imuno-histoquímicos e moleculares.

  15. Oral myiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Treville Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis is a relatively rare condition arising from the invasion of body tissues or cavities of living animals or humans by maggots or larvae of certain species of flies. It is an uncommon clinical condition, being more frequent in underdeveloped countries and hot climate regions, and is associated with poor hygiene, suppurative oral lesions; alcoholism and senility. Its diagnosis is made basically by the presence of larvae. The present article reports a case of oral myiasis involving 20 larvae in a patient with neurological deficiency.

  16. Ulceration of the oral mucosa induced by antidepressant medication: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertini Fernanda

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Ulcers are frequent lesions of the oral mucosa. Generally, they are circumscribed round or elliptical lesions surrounded by an erythematous halo and covered with an inflammatory exudate in their central portion, and are accompanied by painful symptoms. Oral ulcers affect 20% of the population, especially adolescents and young adults. The etiopathogenesis includes immunological alterations, infections, nutritional deficiency, trauma, food and contact allergies, autoimmune diseases, neoplasms, and psychosomatic, genetic and environmental factors. Case presentation A 78-year-old Caucasian woman was referred by her dentist to our outpatient clinic with a 4-week history of an oral ulceration after using an antidepressant (sertraline hydrochloride. On the basis of the clinical findings and anamnesis, the occurrence of the lesion was attributed to the use of the drug. Exfoliative cytology was performed, to reassure the patient that it was not oral cancer, which revealed the presence of a nonspecific inflammatory reaction. The drug was replaced and resolution of symptoms was observed. Conclusion Exfoliative cytology should be the complementary examination of choice in cases of oral ulcers with a suspicion of drug interaction. Although this is a rare event in dental practice, dentists should be aware of the diagnostic possibility of drug-induced ulcers and should cooperate with the clinician to adjust the prescribed medication to resolve the symptoms.

  17. Developing Oral Communication Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.

    Intended for use by both elementary and secondary school teachers, the two papers in this report stress the importance of developing students' oral and written communication skills. The first paper, "Relationship of Oral Communication to Reading," by Phil Backlund and John Johnson, argues that ability in oral communication is a prerequisite to the…

  18. Riqueza e densidade de aves que nidificam em cavidades em plantações abandonadas de eucalipto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo de Siqueira Pereira

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Monoculturas de árvores, como as de espécies de eucalipto, têm substituído florestas naturais, impactando a fauna pela perda de habitat e recursos. Diversas espécies de aves necessitam de ocos em árvores para nidificar. A falta de recursos como cavidades formadas pela degradação da árvore ou locais apropriados para serem criadas cavidades leva a diminuição na abundância das populações destas espécies. Este trabalho tem o objetivo de comparar a riqueza e a densidade de aves que nidificam em ocos em áreas de plantação de eucalipto abandonadas com áreas de vegetação nativa em duas unidades de conservação em Minas Gerais. Em cada tipo de vegetação de cada reserva foram estabelecidos 25 pontos, nas quais foi utilizado o método de contagem por remoção para o levantamento das espécies de aves. A riqueza de espécies de aves de cada área foi estimada por Jackniffe e a densidade foi estimada através do método de máxima verossimilhança; modelos candidatos que poderiam influenciar a abundância das aves foram avaliados utilizando-se o Critério de Informação Akaike (AIC. Os resultados mostraram que a riqueza de espécies foi maior nas áreas de florestas nativas e que a densidade foi significantemente mais alta nas áreas de florestas nativas, e que o tipo de vegetação e a hora do dia influenciam na abundância e detecção das aves. Esses resultados indicam que as plantações de eucaliptos influenciam negativamente a comunidade de aves que nidificam em ocos, provavelmente por causa da falta de cavidades ou de sub-bosque. Plantações de eucaliptos normalmente não substituem as florestas nativas e seu uso deve ser controlado em áreas de conservação.

  19. Biomarcadores de cáncer oral en saliva

    OpenAIRE

    M.V. Madera Anaya

    2013-01-01

    Esta revisión muestra los principales biomarcadores de cáncer oral en saliva. El aspecto clínico y el grado de displasia de las lesiones precancerosas de la cavidad bucal sugieren su capacidad de malignidad; sin embargo, éstas generalmente son diagnosticadas en estadios avanzados, disminuyendo la probabilidad de supervivencia, lo que justifica el diseño de nuevas pruebas diagnósticas que determinen el grado de alteración celular, permitan comprender el proceso degenerativo en el cáncer y esta...

  20. A Report of a Rare Case of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma of the Oral Cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad G Kango

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Case history: Malignant lymphoma is a neoplastic proliferative process of the lymphopoietic portion of the reticuloendothelial system that involves cells of either the lymphocytic or histiocytic series in varying degrees of differentiation and occurs in an essentially homogenous population of a single cell type. The character of histologic involvement is either diffuse (uniform or nodular and the distribution of involvement may be regional or systemic (generalized, the process basically being multicentric. A case of oral cavity lymphoma was detected and after various panel of imunnohistochemical (IHC markers it was diagnosed as Anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCL of oral cavity. Conclusion: Lymphoma of oral regions are very rare and ALCL is rarest. It is of utmost importance to do the IHC, so that the prognosis of the lesion is known at the earliest. In this case since it was detected at a later stage the outcome was fatal.

  1. Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter W Duda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFD is a collective term describing thirteen distinctive, rare genetic disorders based on inheritance pattern and phenotypic expression. OFD is characterized by malformations of the oral cavity, the maxillofacial region and the arms and legs. Central nervous system anomalies, include intracerebral cysts, agenesis of the corpus callosum, hydrocephalus, cerebral/cerebellar atrophy, and berry aneurysms. Some degree of compromised intellectual ability and speech are present in affected individuals that correlate with the degree of central nervous system involvement. Furthermore, renal involvement in the form of polycystic kidney disease is evident in affected individuals in adulthood. In this article, we present a 37-year-old female patient that presented to the Rutgers School of Dental Medicine with oral-facial-digital syndrome, type 1.

  2. Consideraciones actuales sobre la presencia de papilomavirus humano en la cavidad oral Current considerations about the presence of the human papilomavirus in the oral cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Medina, M.L.; M.G. Medina; L.A. Merino

    2010-01-01

    La infección por Papilomavirus Humano (HPV) es una de las infecciones virales más difundidas en la población y es considerada una enfermedad de transmisión sexual. La mayoría de estas infecciones son asintomáticas o subclínicas y pasan desapercibidas salvo se haga una prueba molecular para detección del genoma viral en células infectadas. Casi todas las infecciones son transitorias, controladas por la respuesta inmune, sólo algunas se vuelven crónicas o persistentes y éstas son las que tienen...

  3. Chrysomya Bezziana Oral Myiasis

    OpenAIRE

    G S Vijay Kumar; G S Sowmya; Shivananda, S

    2011-01-01

    Myiasis is an opportunistic infestation of human and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae. Oral myiasis is a rare condition associated with poor oral hygiene, mental disability, halitosis and other conditions. We present a case report of an adult mentally challenged woman with extensive necrotic oral lesion burrowing into the hard palate through which three live maggots (larvae) were seen emerging out. The larvae were removed using forceps and the patient was treated with oral ivermectin....

  4. An intervention study of oral cancer and precancer in rural Indian populations: a preliminary report

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    A large-scale epidemiological study of oral cancer and precancer was initiated in 1966 in several regions of India. Phase 1 of the study consisted of a cross-section survey to determine the prevalence of cancer and precancerous lesions, while phase 2 was a 10-year follow-up survey to determine the incidence and natural history of oral precancer. Following these preliminary investigations, an intervention study was started to try to persuade subjects to give up tobacco, and to measure the subs...

  5. Complaints reported by patients with cancer of oral cavity, submitted to radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The oral cavity is of fundamental importance to the speech, chewing, deglutition, suction and salivation functions. When an illness like cancer develops in this region, radiation therapy is very important, but can cause many sequels to the affected functions and structures of the Oral Motor System, especially to chewing, deglutition and speech. In such cases, the phonoaudiology support as part of a multidisciplinary staff can help providing esthetic and functional rehabilitation as well as social re-integration for a better quality of life of these patients. (author)

  6. THE ORAL TOLERANCE TO CONTACT ALLERGENS IN PROSTHODONTIC BIOMATERIALS. Case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliyana Stoeva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of oral allergy to dental prosthodontic materials are presented, highlighting the interest of dosage of allergen and the clinical manifestation of contact allergy to prosthodontic dental materials. Symptoms appeared after placement of a new prosthesis of same material as the precedent one. These patients were able to tolerate the allergen in minor quantity and the increasing of the quantity interrupt the tolerance. These cases indicate a possible relationship between the oral contact allergy and the dosage of the allergen.

  7. [Oral plasmablastic lymphoma in a human immunodeficiency virus positive child: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astolfo, María Florencia; D'Antonio, Federico; Dartiguelongue, Juan B; Arabolaza, María N; Cheistwer, Ariel; De Matteo, Elena; Torrado, Lidia; Martínez Iriart, Emilio

    2016-04-01

    Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive subtype of diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, originally described in the oral cavity of male adults with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is composed of neoplastic ceils which resemble immunoblasts but present immunophenotype distinctive of plasma cell and Epstein-Barr virus latent infection. In children, it is an even rarer disease. We present a case of oral plasmablastic lymphoma in a vertically transmitted human immunodeficiency virus-positive five-year-old child. PMID:27079412

  8. Oral and systemic manifestations, and dental management of a pediatric patient with Tetralogy of Fallot. A case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen de la Luz Ayala

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart disease and the most common cyanotic heart defect in children. It is clinically characterized by a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, overriding aorta over ventricular septal defect and right ventricular hypertrophy. There is little or no information about the oral manifestations in patients with this pathology. A report and discussion of a pediatric patient diagnosed with Tetralogy of Fallot, its clinical manifestations, oral findings and dental management are presented. Case Report. A four-year-old male patient diagnosed with Tetralogy of Fallot and epileptic attacks. The patient has deciduous teeth with many severe early childhood caries, stomatitis and cyanotic mucous, radicular remains, periapical abscess and noticeable enamel hypoplasia. Conclusions. In agreement with other authors, children with systemic diseases such as Tetralogy of Fallot have a higher rate of caries, poor oral hygiene, high susceptibility to other infections and bacterial endocarditis, cyanotic mucous membranes and enamel hypoplasia. Primary prevention is critical, proper dental hygiene, regular dental check-ups and the use of antibiotic prophylaxis are particularly important, especially in high-risk patients.

  9. Low-energy laser in the management of radiation-induced oral mucositis: report of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oral mucositis is a common, dose-limiting, and potentially serious complication of cancer therapy. Severe mucositis can lead to modifications of treatment planning and even suspension of therapy, with a negative impact on local tumor control and patient survival, increasing the risk of local and systemic infections. The lesions generally develop in non-keratinized mucosa, which is most vulnerable to this complication. Symptoms can range from a burning sensation to severe pain that impairs nutrient and fluid intake. Low-energy laser has been proposed for treatment of mucositis, with good clinical and functional results, accelerating the healing process and decreasing the pain. The aim of this article, illustrated by two clinical cases at the Pernambuco Cancer Hospital in Recife, Brazil, was to report on the efficacy of low-energy laser in the management of radiation-induced oral mucositis.(author)

  10. ORAL MANIFESTATIONS AND PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION IN HEREDITARY SENSORY AND AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY (HSANTYPE IV:A CASE REPORT*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu OFLUOĞLU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN are rare genetic syndromes of unknown etiology. They are seen in early childhood and are categorized into six different types by their symptoms. HSAN type 4 demonstrates autosomal recessive transmission pattern, with such major characteristics as loss of sense of pain, self-mutilation, anhydrosis and mental retardation. Sympathetic innervations are deficient despite the existence of sweat glands. Sufferers are hypotonic without any tendon reflexes, and neuro-motor development is retarded. In some cases tactile sensation and vibration may be intact. Biting injuries due to lack of pain sensation cause laceration, ulceration and scarring of the tongue, lips and other parts of oral mucosa. Tooth luxation and severe dental attrition have been observed. This case report presents oral and dental findings, surgical treatments and prosthetic rehabilitation of an 11- year-old boy with HSAN type 4.

  11. Exéresis de las lesiones hiperplásicas de la cavidad bucal: estudio retrospectivo de 128 casos

    OpenAIRE

    Tamarit Borrás, Meritxell; Delgado Molina, Esther; Berini Aytés, Leonardo; Gay Escoda, Cosme

    2005-01-01

    Objetivos: Este trabajo pretende, en base a nuestra experiencia, valorar y discutir las indicaciones, ventajas e inconvenientes de la exéresis de los épulis de la cavidad bucal con el láser de dióxido de carbono (CO2) respecto al láser de Erbio:YAG (Er: YAG), el láser de diodo y el bisturí frío. Material y método: Se ha realizado un estudio retrospectivo de un grupo de 120 pacientes en los que se extirparon 128 épulis con el láser de CO2, láser de Er:YAG, láser de diodo y...

  12. Exéresis de las lesiones hiperplásicas de la cavidad bucal. Estudio retrospectivo de 128 casos

    OpenAIRE

    Tamarit Borràs, Meritxell; Delgado Molina, Esther; Berini Aytés, Leonardo; Gay Escoda, Cosme

    2005-01-01

    Objetivos: Este trabajo pretende, en base a nuestra experiencia, valorar y discutir las indicaciones, ventajas e inconvenientes de la exéresis de los épulis de la cavidad bucal con el láser de dióxido de carbono (CO2) respecto al láser de Erbio:YAG (Er:YAG), el láser de diodo y el bisturí frío. Material y método: Se ha realizado un estudio retrospectivo de un grupo de 120 pacientes en los que se extirparon 128 épulis con el láser de CO2, láser de Er:YAG, láser de diodo y bisturí frío. Se real...

  13. Condiloma lingual: a case report Condyloma in the tongue

    OpenAIRE

    Therezita M.P.P.G. Castro; Maria Luisa Duarte

    2004-01-01

    O condiloma acuminado é uma doença sexualmente transmissível causada pelo Papilomavírus humano (HPV). Freqüente na região anogenital e rara na cavidade oral. No entanto, o aumento da atividade oro-sexual vem cada vez mais favorecendo a instalação da infecção do HPV na mucosa oral. O presente relato descreve um condiloma na cavidade oral em um paciente do sexo masculino, de 35 anos, com história de prática de sexo oral, cujo diagnóstico foi confirmado pela biópsia. O tratamento instituído foi ...

  14. Effects of LEDs on oral mucositis prevention in a patient with classic Hodgkin's lymphoma - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this case report was to evaluate the efficacy of therapy using LEDs (light-emitting diodes), at a wavelength of 880 nm, in the prevention of oral mucositis in a patient with Hodgkin's disease treated with ABVD regimen. Mucositis is a dose limiting complication of cancer treatment, of high incidence, which severity can lead to alterations of treatment planning or even to suspension of cancer therapy, with serious consequences in tumor response and even survival. Lesions develop most commonly on the nonkeratinized mucosa and present symptoms that begin like mild burning and evolve to severe pain. For this reason, low power laser and, recently, LEDs have been considered for preventing and management of oral mucositis, with great results. In this study, a 34-year-old male received intraoral irradiations with an infrared LEDs array (3,6 J/cm2, 74 mW), for five consecutive days, starting on the day of chemotherapy. In each chemotherapy cycle, he received ABVD protocol on day 1 and day 15, and received LEDs treatment during five days on each ABVD infusion. To analyze results, the WHO (World Health Organization) scale was used for grading of mucositis and VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) for pain evaluation, on days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 13 post-chemotherapy. The results obtained showed the patient did not develop oral mucositis, during the five chemotherapy cycles and did not present any pain symptom. Therapy with LEDs was a safe and effective method for the prevention of oral mucositis in this case report. However, new studies are needed in order to prove the efficacy of this methodology with more patients, increasing their quality of life. (author)

  15. Oral Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... TMJ Disorders Oral Cancer Dry Mouth Burning Mouth Tooth Decay See All Oral Complications of Systemic Diseases Cancer ... Puts Someone at Risk? Possible Signs & Symptoms Early Detection About Oral Cancer Oral cancer includes cancers of ...

  16. Determinants of Oral Health: Does Oral Health Literacy Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani; Reza Yazdani; Jorma Virtanen; Afsaneh Pakdaman; Heikki Murtomaa

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate oral health literacy, independent of other oral health determinants, as a risk indicator for self-reported oral health. Methods. A cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Tehran, Iran. Multiple logistic regression analysis served to estimate the predictive effect of oral health literacy on self-reported oral health status (good versus poor) controlling for socioeconomic and demographic factors and tooth-brushing behavior. Results. In all, among 1031 partici...

  17. Tratamiento de los carcinomas epidermoides orales y orofaringeos mediante láser de CO2

    OpenAIRE

    Villareal Renedo, P.M.; Monje Gil, Florencio; Junquera Gutiérrez, Luis Manuel; Vicente Rodríguez, Juan Carlos de; Morillo Sánchez, A.J.

    2004-01-01

    Introducción: El efecto de la amplia longitud de onda del láser de CO2 es la vaporización térmica de los tejidos, consiguiendo una máxima concentración de energía con una mínima penetración en los mismos. En el campo de la cirugía oral generalmente se emplea para el tratamiento de los pequeños tumores mucosos de la cavidad oral y la orofaringe, por la escasa morbilidad que produce y la ausencia de necesidad reconstructiva del defecto creado. Objetivo: Analizar la evolu...

  18. Acute myopathy secondary to oral steroid therapy in a 49-year-old man: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larson Eric

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Acute myopathy caused by oral corticosteroids is rare. We present a case of myopathy occurring after two doses of methylprednisolone. Typically, acute steroid myopathy occurs with therapy using intravenous corticosteroids at high doses. Acute myopathy developing very early in the course of treatment with oral corticosteroids has been reported only once in the literature. Corticosteroid therapy may be complicated by myopathy, usually chronic, after prolonged high-dose therapy. Acute myopathy caused by exogenous corticosteroids is rare, usually with intravenous corticosteroids at high doses. Case presentation A 49-year-old Caucasian man developed acute myopathy after taking oral methylprednisolone for only two days, 24 mg on day 1 and 20 mg on day 2. He discontinued the medication because of new-onset myalgias and lethargy on day 3 and was seen in our clinic four days after beginning therapy. He completely recovered in four weeks by discontinuing the corticosteroids. Conclusion Among the many complications of corticosteroid therapy, acute myopathy is very rare. It requires prompt recognition and adjustment of therapy.

  19. Oral bullous eruption after taking lisinopril--case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baričević, Marinka; Mravak Stipetić, Marinka; Situm, Mirna; Marinović, Branka; Seiwerth, Sven; Baričević, Denis; Lončar, Božana

    2013-07-01

    Drug-induced lesions of oral mucosa are well-established side effect of different commonly used drugs. A female patient under treatment for hypertension with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitor), lisinopril, developed blisters and ulcerations on oral mucosa 3 weeks after lisinopril intake. Due to clinical finding drug-induced pemphigus was considered. However, direct and indirect immunofluorescence anal-ysis revealed no autoantibodies that are commonly present in pemphigus while histological study suggested allergic reaction. Lisinopril was discontinued from further therapy and after a month after her first arrival patient has experienced complete remission of the disease. This case raises the question, whether the term pemphigus in drug-induced reactions could be used when immunopathological criteria for pemphigus are not fulfilled. PMID:23794071

  20. Oral and systemic manifestations of congenital hypothyroidism in children. A case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Ayala

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. It may be congenital if the thyroid gland does not develop properly. A female predominance is characteristic. Hypothyroidism is the most common congenital pediatric disease and its first signs and early symptoms can be detected with neonatal screening. Some of the oral manifestations of hypothyroidism are known to be: glossitis, micrognathia, macroglossia, macroquelia, anterior open bite, enamel hypoplasia, delayed tooth eruption, and crowding. This paper briefly describes the systemic and oral characteristics of congenital hypothyroidism in a patient being treated at a dental practice. The patient had early childhood caries and delayed tooth eruption. There are no cases of craniosynostosis related to the primary pathology, which if left untreated, increases the cranial defect. Early diagnosis reduces the clinical manifestations of the disease. Delayed tooth eruption will become a growing problem if the patient does not receive timely treatment and monitoring.

  1. Oral tumours seen at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital: a preliminary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oral tumours in patients attending the oral Surgery Department of the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, during a 12 month period from February 1998 to January 1999 were studied and classified. In all, 50 patients were included in the study out of which 33 were fully characterised and classified historically. Fifteen (45.4%) of the tumours examined were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 6(18.2%) ameloblastoma (AME), 3 (9.1%) each of Lympoma (L), adenoid cystic carcinoma (ADC) and pleomorphic adenoma (PA), 2(61.1%) ossifying fibroma (OF) and 1(3.0%) embryonal rhabdomyosar coma (ER). There was significant observed between the prevalence rates in men and women. OSCC was found to occur more frequently in the palate/maxillary sinus and the parotid gland whilst ameloblastoma was the commonest benign neoplasm within the fourth decade. (author)

  2. The prevalence of self-reported halitosis and oral hygiene practices among Libyan students and office workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eldarrat, A

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims:The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of self-reported halitosis, oral hygiene practices and related diseases among Libyan students and employees.Methods: Six hundred self-administered structured questionnaires were used to investigate self-perception of halitosis and oral hygiene practices among a group of Libyan volunteers. Chi square test was used to detect significant differences between frequencies and to test correlation between self-perception of halitosis and measures of oral hygiene. Results: Forty three percent of the subjects were males and 57% were females. Forty four percent of the males and 54% of the females revealed self-perception malodour. Malodour was reported with the highest frequency (68% during wake up time. Malodour was perceived by 31.7% of the females and 23.4% of the males during the hand-on-mouth test (p=0.04. Significantly more females (89.9% than males (75.7% practiced brushing (p<0.001. Fifty one percent of the males and 49.6% of females had dental caries. Smoking was significantly (p<0.001 more prevalent among males (17% than among females (1%. Brushing was practiced by 85% of non-smokers and 68% of smokers (p=0.004. About 71% of the subjects who practiced brushing reported malodour during wake up time in comparison to subjects who did not practice brushing (p=0.041. Conclusions: The prevalence of self-perceived malodour among the Libyan volunteers in this study is within the range of other studies. There is a great demand to reduce the incidence of dental caries and periodontal diseases.

  3. CYSTICERCOSIS IN THE ORAL CAVITY: A CASE REPORT WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    OpenAIRE

    Prabhakar; Deepak Chakravarthy

    2014-01-01

    Cysticercosis is caused by the larval stage of Taenia Solium. A middle aged woman presented with a painless solitary nodular swelling on left lateral border of the tongue. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed only blood elements. Excision biopsy was done and sent for histopathological examination which revealed larvae of the pork tapeworm (Cysticercosis). Cysticercosis in human tissues is unusual. Oral cysticercosis, especially the involvement of tongue is very rare in...

  4. An oral fluoropyrimidine agent S-1 induced interstitial lung disease: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Yamane, Hiromichi; Kinugawa, Masahide; Umemura, Shigeki; Shiote, Yasuhiro; Kudo, Kenichiro; Suwaki, Toshimitsu; Kamei, Haruhito; Takigawa, Nagio; Kiura,Katsuyuki

    2011-01-01

    A 66-year-old Japanese man with pancreatic cancer received eleven courses of gemcitabine monotherapy. The tumor responded to gemcitabine until metastatic liver tumors progressed. Subsequently, he was treated with S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer agent, as salvage chemotherapy. Forty-two days after initiating S-1, he presented with dyspnea and fever. Chest computed tomography showed diffuse interstitial lesions with thickening of the alveolar septa and ground glass opacity. Serum KL-6 ...

  5. Novel approach in the management of an oral premalignant condition - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankaranarayanan S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral submucous fibrosis is a progressive oral disease first described by Pindborg and Sirsat 3 decades ago. It is a premalignant condition. The signs and symptoms depend on the involvement of the different sites in the oral cavity. The patient feels burning sensation for normal diet and trismus which may be so severe. If not properly treated the risk of malignant change in advanced cases of OSMF is relatively high. Wide ranges of treatment such as medical management, surgical therapy and physiotherapy have been attempted in the past, but none of them has proved to be a cure for this chronic fibrotic disease.Histopathologically as the disease progresses, (i change in the morphology of collagen, (ii increased accumulation of amorphous collagen, and (iii decreased collagen degradation results in decrease in number of blood vessels are observed in the affected area compared to the normal area. With an aim of bringing more blood supply to the affected area which is expected to bring ?more nutrients and help in collagen degradation, earlier application of vasodilators and studies with curcumin have been done, but still with - no significant outcome.As an alternative approach to improve the blood circulation, we have tried Autologous bone marrow stem cells which have been earlier applied in several diseases such as ischemic peripheral vascular diseases, ischemic heart diseases etc with proven improvement in angiogenesis. A 38 year old patient with oral submucosal fibrosis, proven by histopathology, and endothelial markers was injected 175 million BMMNCs into the area affected. The paramaters such as blanching, fibrous band have significantly improved, 4 weeks after the injection. We could observe positive changes clinically to prove the improvement. The mouth opening has improved to 35 mm from the previous 30.0 mm. Further histopathology and SEM studies with larger samples are done for establishing stem cell therapy’s safety and efficacy.

  6. CYSTICERCOSIS IN THE ORAL CAVITY: A CASE REPORT WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Cysticercosis is caused by the larval stage of Taenia Solium. A middle aged woman presented with a painless solitary nodular swelling on left lateral border of the tongue. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed only blood elements. Excision biopsy was done and sent for histopathological examination which revealed larvae of the pork tapeworm (Cysticercosis. Cysticercosis in human tissues is unusual. Oral cysticercosis, especially the involvement of tongue is very rare in humans.

  7. Oral traumatic neuroma with mature ganglion cells: A case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes Marcio; Vargas Pablo; Almeida Oslei; Takahama Ademar; Leon Jorge

    2009-01-01

    Traumatic neuromas are characterized by the presence of pain, burning, or paresthesia, associated with a history of trauma, normally surgery, in the same site. In the oral cavity, the most commonly affected sites are the lip, tongue, and mental nerve area. Pressure on the suspected area usually provokes pain. They microscopically consist of a proliferation of nerve fascicles embedded in a background of collagen. We present a case of a 42-year-old Latin American female patient complaining of a...

  8. Diagnostic significance of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: A case report with oral physician′s perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divya Ananda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by intestinal polyposis and pigmentation of skin and mucous membrane. Gastrointestinal polyps are considered as premalignant and also the occurrence of rare malignancies at nongastrointestinal sites is high in these patients. This article demonstrates the importance of oral physician in the diagnosis of this inherited syndrome, thereby minimizing the morbidity in a young male patient who presented with multifocal pigmentation.

  9. General and oral aspects in Apert syndrome: report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Villarreal Becerra, Einer Niels; Sánchez Soler, Luis Alberto; Espías Gómez, Ángel F. (Ángel Fortunato); Leonard, R. H.; Herrero-Payo, Julio; Chimenos Küstner, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    Background: The present paper describes the general and oral manifestations in a 32-year-old man previously diagnosed with Apert syndrome. Clinical examination revealed features of acrocephalosyndactyly. The patient was found to have a flattened occiput with frontal prominence, abnormal contour of head (brachycephaly), shallow and downward slanting orbits with bilateral proptosis, hypertelorism, retruded midface, and prognathic mandible.Dental anormalies were present in a patient. Intraoral e...

  10. Management of Physiological Hyperpigmentation of Oral Mucosa by Cryosurgical Treatment: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Melanin hyperpigmentation is the result of melanin granules. "Black gums" may cause esthetic problems. Different treatment modalities have been used with the aim of removing pigmentations for esthetic reasons, all of which have some advantages and disadvantages. Recurrent lesions are the most important concept in all of these treatments. Cryotherapy is a method of tissue destruction by rapid freezing. It is an atraumatic, cost-effective and simple method for treating oral pigmentation. This r...

  11. Parental reports of the oral health-related quality of life of children with cerebral palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abanto Jenny

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The severity of physical and mental impairments and oral problems, as well as socioeconomic factors, may have an impact on quality of life of children with cerebral palsy (CP. The aim of this research was to assess the impact of impairments and oral health conditions, adjusted by socioeconomic factors, on the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL of children with CP using their parents as proxies. Methods Sixty children, between 6-14 years of age were selected. Their parents answered a children’s OHRQoL instrument (5 domains which combines the Parental-Caregivers Perception Questionnaire (P-CPQ and Family Impact Scale (FIS. The severity of dental caries, type of CP, communication ability, gross motor function, seizures and socioeconomic conditions were assessed. Results Considering the total score of the OHRQoL instrument, only the reduction of communication ability and dental caries severity had a negative impact on the OHRQoL (p  Conclusions The severity of dental caries, communication ability, and family income are conditions strongly associated with a negative impact on OHRQoL of children with CP.

  12. Oral ulcer as an exclusive sign of gastric cancer: report of a rare case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The oral cavity is a rare but occasional target for metastases, which may masquerade as various benign and inflammatory lesions, and sometimes also be asymptomatic. Oral metastatic lesions have been described in various cancers, particularly lung, breast and kidney carcinoma. We here describe an uncommon case of a hard palate mucosa and gingival metastasis from gastric carcinoma that was originally diagnosed as a periodontal disease. Histopathological examination of a biopsy of the lesion revealed a signet-ring cell carcinoma, and a subsequent biopsy of an ulcerated stomach lesion showed a poorly differentiated gastric carcinoma. The patient underwent gastric resection but died of heart failure on the tenth postoperative day; a post-mortem examination revealed a residual bilateral ovarian infiltration by gastric carcinoma (Krukenberg's tumor). An occult carcinoma of the stomach may rarely metastasise to the oral cavity even as a first and exclusive manifestation; it is important to bear this possibility in mind because such conditions may mimic a benign disease

  13. Carcinoma Verrucoso Oral: Reporte de un Caso Clínico y Revisión de 20 Casos del Instituto de Referencia en Patología Oral (IREPO, Chile Oral Verrucous Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of 20 Cases of the Oral Pathology Referral Institute (IREPO, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Adorno Farias

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El carcinoma verrucoso (CV es una variante rara del carcinoma de células escamosas con características morfológicas y comportamiento específico. El presente estudio relata el caso de una paciente de género femenino, de 68 años de edad, que presenta un carcinoma verrucoso en lengua, indoloro y con 8 meses de evolución. Además, se realizó una breve revisión de casos clínicos del Instituto de Referencia en Patología Oral (IREPO de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile, diagnosticados entre enero de 1984 y octubre de 2010, encontrándose 20 casos, con un promedio de edad de 70 años, localizados con mayor frecuencia en encía inferior y lengua.Verrucous carcinoma (VC, a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma is an established entity with distinctive morphology and specific clinical behavior. The present study describe a case report of a 68-year-old women who presented a tongue verrucous carcinoma, asymptomatic, that had about 8 months of evolution. A brief review of VC cases diagnosed in Oral Pathology Referral Institute (IREPO, Faculty of Odontology, University of Chile, between 1984 and 2010. It was found 20 cases of verrucous carcinoma with a median age of70-years-old, the most common places were lower gingiva and tongue.

  14. Removal of an oral squamous cell carcinoma including parts of osseointegrated implants in the marginal mandibulectomy. A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Meijer, Gert J; Dieleman, Francois J.; Stefaan J Bergé; Merkx, Matthias A.W.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) arising around dental implants will increase because of the rising popularity of dental implants. In this case, a novel surgical treatment of an OSCC in the vicinity of endosseous implants is reported. Materials and methods In a 69-year-old woman, a recurrent OSCC (cT2N0M0) developed in the floor of the mouth extending to the attached keratinized peri-implant mucosa of both interforaminal-placed dental implants. Radiographically, n...

  15. Treatment of Psoriasis Vulgaris by Oral Administration of Yin Xie Ping Granules——A Clinical Report of 60 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Shan; Liu Yuan; Bo Xiuzhen; Qi Aiju

    2006-01-01

    @@ Psoriasis is a chronic and an easily recurrent dermatosis, with the characteristic red papules and patches covered with silvery scales especially on the outer aspects of the limbs, scalp, and back.1 The cause of the disease is not clear yet, and no satisfactory therapies are available for the treatment so far. We treated 60 cases of psoriasis vulgaris by oral administration of Yin Xie Ping Granules (银屑平颗粒 Granulae for Treating Psoriasis) from August 2004 to March 2005 with quite good results, with another 60 cases treated by taking Xiao Yin Pian (消银片 Tablets for Relieving Psoriasis) as the controls.A report follows.

  16. Oral microbiome and oral and gastrointestinal cancer risk

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Jiyoung; Chen, Calvin Y.; Hayes, Richard B.

    2012-01-01

    A growing body of evidence implicates human oral bacteria in the etiology of oral and gastrointestinal cancers. Epidemiological studies consistently report increased risks of these cancers in men and women with periodontal disease or tooth loss, conditions caused by oral bacteria. More than 700 bacterial species inhabit the oral cavity, including at least 11 bacterial phyla and 70 genera. Oral bacteria may activate alcohol and smoking-related carcinogens locally or act systemically, through c...

  17. Equivalence considerations for orally inhaled products for local action-ISAM/IPAC-RS European Workshop report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Carole; Cipolla, David; Chesworth, Tim; Agurell, Eva; Ahrens, Richard; Conner, Dale; Dissanayake, Sanjeeva; Dolovich, Myrna; Doub, William; Fuglsang, Anders; García Arieta, Afredo; Golden, Michael; Hermann, Robert; Hochhaus, Günther; Holmes, Susan; Lafferty, Paul; Lyapustina, Svetlana; Nair, Parameswaran; O'Connor, Dennis; Parkins, David; Peterson, Ilse; Reisner, Colin; Sandell, Dennis; Singh, Gur Jai Pal; Weda, Marjolein; Watson, Patricia

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this article is to document the discussions at the 2010 European Workshop on Equivalence Determinations for Orally Inhaled Drugs for Local Action, cohosted by the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine (ISAM) and the International Pharmaceutical Consortium on Regulation and Science (IPAC-RS). The article summarizes current regulatory approaches in Europe, the United States, and Canada, and presents points of consensus as well as ongoing debate in the four major areas: in vitro testing, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies, and device similarity. Specific issues in need of further research and discussion are also identified. PMID:22413806

  18. Oral bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws in rheumatoid arthritis patients: a critical discussion and two case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcantonio Elcio

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ is a clinical condition characterized by the presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region. Its pathogenesis is still undetermined, but may be associated with risk factors such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA. The aim of this paper is to report two unpublished cases of BRONJ in patients with RA and to conduct a literature review of similar clinical cases with a view to describe the main issues concerning these patients, including demographic characteristics and therapeutic approaches applied. Methods Two case reports of BRONJ involving RA patients were discussed Results Both patients were aging female taking alendronate for more than 3 years. Lesions were detected in stage II in posterior mandible with no clear trigger agent. The treatment applied consisted of antibiotics, oral rinses with chlorhexidine, drug discontinuation and surgical procedures. Complete healing of the lesions was achieved. Conclusions This paper brings to light the necessity for rheumatologists to be aware of the potential risk to their patients of developing BRONJ and to work together with dentists for the prevention and early detection of the lesions. Although some features seem to link RA with oral BRONJ and act as synergistic effects, more studies should be developed to support the scientific bases for this hypothesis.

  19. Self-rated oral health status, oral health service utilization, and oral hygiene practices among adult Nigerians

    OpenAIRE

    Olusile, Adeyemi Oluniyi; Adeniyi, Abiola Adetokunbo; Orebanjo, Olufemi

    2014-01-01

    Background There is scarce information available on oral health service utilization patterns and common oral hygiene practices among adult Nigerians. We conducted the 2010–2011 national oral health survey before the introduction of the national oral health policy to determine the prevalence of oral health service utilization, patterns of oral hygiene practices, and self reported oral health status, among adults in various social classes, educational strata, ethnic groups and geopolitical zone...

  20. Implant-based oral rehabilitation of a variant model of type I dentinal dysplasia: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sowmya Nettem

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentin dysplasia is an exceptionally rare, autosomal-dominant, hereditary condition, primarily characterized by defective dentin formation affecting both the deciduous and permanent dentitions. The etiology remains imprecise to date, in spite of the numerous hypotheses put forward and the constant updates on this condition. This case report of type I dentin dysplasia exhibits radiographic findings that are unique and diverse from the classical findings of various subtypes of this disease reported to date. This article also depicts the implant-based oral rehabilitation of the young patient diagnosed with this variant model of dentin dysplasia type I. Early diagnosis and implementation of this preventive and curative therapy is vital for avoiding premature exfoliation of deciduous and permanent dentition and the associated residual ridge resorption, thereby overcoming functional and esthetic deficits and ensuring protection of the remaining dentition from further harm.

  1. Oral cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the immune system (immunosuppressants) Poor dental and oral hygiene Some oral cancers begin as a white plaque ( leukoplakia ) or ... use Visiting the dentist regularly and practicing good oral hygiene

  2. Efecto del probiótico oral Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis en la salud periimplantaria. Estudio clínico e inmunológico

    OpenAIRE

    Flichy Fernández, Antonio Juan

    2014-01-01

    Introducción Los probióticos son microorganismos vivos que actúan aportando beneficios saludables al hospedador. A nivel local, en la cavidad oral, crean un biofilm y protegen al tejido oral frente a las bacterias patógenas cariogénicas y periodontales, ya que ocupan un espacio que sería ocupado por estos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el efecto del probiótico oral Lactobacillus reuteri en la salud periimplantaria de pacientes edéntulos portadores de implantes dentales con ...

  3. The treatment of oral lesions in Behçet's Syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Cristine Tarquinio Marinho

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Behçet's disease (BD is a multi-systemic vascular disorder characterized by oral and genital ulcers, cutaneous, ocular, arthritic, vascular, central nervous system and gastrointestinal involvement. It usually affects young adults and the etiopathogenesis is unknown. A 21-year-old girl, Caucasian, with diagnostic BD, presented with rheumatoid arthritis, genital lesions and multiple recurrent ulcers inside the mouth, with an erythematous halo, covered by yellowish exudates exacerbated during menstrual periods, and in situations of stress and anxiety. The application of low power laser in ulcers was considered in order to decrease the inflammatory symptoms and pain, beyond getting the healing process accelerated. The proposed therapy was able to promote pain relief, increase local microcirculation and repair ulcerated lesions, eliminating the need for administration of systemic or topical medications, leading to improved quality of life.

  4. Sclerotherapy followed by surgery for the treatment of oral hemangioma: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariano, Fernanda Viviane; Vargas, Pablo Agustin; Della Coletta, Ricardo; Lopes, Marcio Ajudarte

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas, vascular malformations, and varices are common benign vascular lesions in the head and neck region. They can occur in the mouth and primarily affect the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate. The main types of treatments are surgery and intralesional injection of sclerosant agents. However, other therapies have been considered, such as systemic corticosteroids, laser therapy, interferon a, and cryotherapy. Currently, sclerotherapy is employed largely because of its efficiency and ability to conserve the surrounded tissues. Surgery can be used exclusively or associated with sclerotherapy in lesions that do not show complete resolution. This article describes the cases of two patients with oral hemangiomas that were submitted to sclerotherapy with ethanolamine oleate. Although an important decrease was detected after seven applications in both cases, surgical resection of the residual lesion was performed to achieve optimal results. PMID:21903533

  5. Linfoma no Hodgkin oral relacionado al sida (LNHORS): Actualización y presentación de un caso clínico Aids related oral no Hodgkin lymphoma (ARONHL): Up today and report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Z Casariego; S Micinquevich; Laufer, N; J. Ricar

    2006-01-01

    Introducción: Los linfomas No-Hodgkin presentan características propias cuando se asocian a la infección por el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana. La cavidad bucal es una de las localizaciones a tener en cuenta en pacientes con Sida (LNHORS) Si bien se registran casos en los primeros estadios de la infección, el diagnóstico previo diferencial estomatológico y su seguimiento no se realizan en nuestro medio con la frecuencia que esta enfermedad requiere. En los pacientes VIH positivos, las c...

  6. Commentary: Oral rehydration solution

    OpenAIRE

    Fontaine, O.

    1998-01-01

    Although it had been shown as early as 1968 that oral rehydration therapy was as effective as intravenous rehydration therapy in the treatment of dehydration due to diarrhoea, use of oral rehydration therapy was limited to rural health centres. In large urban hospitals oral rehydration therapy was held to be inferior to intravenous therapy and tended to be used only when the latter was not available. The results reported in the article by Samadi et al. in 1983 were extremely important in help...

  7. Autoatención en salud oral en el pueblo yanacona de los andes del sur de colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Edson Jair Ospina Lozano; Clara Bellamy Ortíz

    2011-01-01

    Antecedentes. El pueblo indígena Yanacona tiene sus propias estrategias de entender y atender su proceso salud/enfermedad, referido particularmente a la cavidad oral. En estas actividades no se involucran terapeutas de la medicina tradicional ni de la medicina occidental, las realizan las mismas personas. Objetivo: identificar y analizar las prácticas de autoatención en salud oral de la población Yanacona de los resguardos de Caquiona y Pancitará. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizó el método et...

  8. First Report on the Efficiency of Oral Vaccination of Foxes against Rabies in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupulovic, D; Maksimovic Zoric, J; Vaskovic, N; Bugarski, D; Plavsic, B; Ivanovic, N; Petrovic, T; Pusic, I; Marcic, D; Grgic, Z; Lazic, S

    2015-12-01

    Rabies is one of the oldest known zoonotic diseases that has significant impact on public health, but still remains neglected in Serbia. Rabies virus can infect humans and other mammals and causes inflammation of the brain associated with encephalomyelitis and neurological symptoms. In 2010, Veterinary Directorate (national Competent Authority for animal health in Serbia) has started multi-annual project of oral rabies vaccination of foxes and other wild carnivores (e.g. jackals), as support of long-term programme of eradication of rabies in Serbia, co-funded by EU (financed by Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance). Monitoring of the effectiveness of oral vaccination campaigns has been carried out in continuation from 2011 and was based on: (i) post-mortem laboratory examination of brain tissue of target animals (foxes, jackals and other carnivores) by fluorescent antibody test (FAT), (ii) detection of antibodies against rabies virus in serum samples by ELISA and (iii) detection of tetracycline biomarker in the mandibles for the evaluation of vaccine bait uptake. From September 2011 to May 2014, the total number of 4943 brain tissue samples, 4241 sera and 4971 mandibles were analysed. Confirmed rabies-positive brains decreased from 10 in 2011/2012 to 6 in 2012/2013 and eventually to 1 positive case in 2013/2014. The seroconversion rate increased from 10.48% (133/1269) in 2011/2012 to 20.11% (362/1800) in 2012/2013 and 42.23% (495/1172) in 2013/2014. Along with the seroconversion, the number of detected tetracycline-positive mandibles demonstrated an increasing tendency in the same period, being 49.67% (682/1373) in 2011/2012, 62.60% (1294/2067) in 2012/2013 and 90.33% (1383/1531) in the monitoring programme carried out in 2013/2014. Presented results confirmed that ORV of foxes and other wildlife in Serbia against rabies was successful and characterized by steady increase of vaccine baits uptake and immunization of animals. PMID:25903646

  9. Oral Haemangioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaspreet Singh Gill

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Vascular anomalies comprise a widely heterogeneous group of tumours and malformations. Haemangioma is the most common benign tumour of vascular origin of the head and neck region. The possible sites of occurrence in oral cavity are lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate. Despite its benign origin and behaviour, it is always of clinical importance to the dental profession and requires appropriate management. This case study reports a rare case of capillary haemangioma on the palatal gingiva in a 14-year-old female.

  10. Alterações bucais e cuidados orais no paciente transplantado de medula óssea Oral alterations and oral care in bone marrow transplant patients

    OpenAIRE

    Ana C. Luiz; Fernanda P. Eduardo; Letícia M. Bezinelli; Luciana Correa

    2008-01-01

    Os cuidados gerais relativos ao paciente submetido ao transplante de medula óssea (TMO) incluem avaliações odontológicas rotineiras, as quais devem estar inseridas em um contexto multiprofissional. A cavidade oral constitui um sítio propício a infecções com grande potencial de desenvolvimento de bacteremia, sendo que lesões infecciosas devem ser previamente tratadas e controladas pelo cirurgião-dentista. O objetivo desta revisão é discutir questões em destaque na literatura nacional e interna...

  11. Self-reported halitosis and emotional state: impact on oral conditions and treatments

    OpenAIRE

    Trimarchi Giuseppe; Terranova Antonella; Saitta Ambra; Gugliotta Simona C; Mento Carmela; Settineri Salvatore; Mallamace Domenico

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. The aim of this study was to examine behavior in a sample of Italian subjects with reference to self-reported halitosis and emotional state, and specifically the presence of dental anxiety. Methods The study was performed on Italian subjects (N = 1052; range 15-65 years). A self-report questionnaire was used to detect self-reported halitosis and other variables possibly linked...

  12. Osteonecrosis of the jaw in a patient with rheumatoid artritis treated with an oral aminobisphosphonate: a clinical case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longato, Lorena; Cavalli, Loredana; Marcucci, Gemma; Metozzi, Alessia; Giusti, Francesca; Brandi, Maria Luisa; Piscitelli, Prisco

    2013-05-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been recently described after intravenous administration of amino-bisphosphonates and - less frequently - in association with the use of oral bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BRONJ) may affect mandible bone (65%), maxilla bone (26%) and rarely (9%) both sites simultaneously. Although causality may never be proven, emerging experimental data have established a strong association between monthly intravenous bisphosphonate administration and ONJ. Current level of evidence does not fully support a cause and effect relationship between the use of oral BPs and ONJ. In this paper, we report a clinical case of BRONJ in a 73 years old woman affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis, after three years of treatment with alendronate 70 mg one a week, plus daily calcium and vitamin D. The patient developed a tooth abscess at the lower jaw, accompanied by increased inflammatory markers, that never returned to normal range despite antibiotic therapy, inducing deterioration of joint synovium. The worsening of joint status after the onset of ONJ was reflected by the progressive increase in the number of swollen (SJ) and tender (TJ) joints, by the deterioration of the score DAS 28 (which passed from 5.46 to 7.07), pain (with VAS increasing from 60 to 90), and by a progressively impaired quality of life, as reported using the HAQ score (from 1,25 to 2,5). The patient was switched to antifracture therapy with strontium ranelate and the osteonecrosis was successfully treated with antibiotics, surgical curettage and local ultrasounds. PMID:24133533

  13. Treatment of gastric phytobezoars with Coca-Cola® given via oral route: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ertuğrul G

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Gökhan Ertuğrul1, Murat Coşkun1, Mahsuni Sevinç1, Fisun Ertuğrul2, Toygar Toydemir31Department of General Surgery, Düzce Atatürk State Hospital, Muncurlu, Düzce, Turkey; 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Düzce Atatürk State Hospital, Muncurlu, Düzce, Turkey; 3Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Surgery Hospital, Nisantasi, İstanbul, TurkeyBackground: A 43-year-old female patient presented with a chief complaint of upper abdominal pain. As her complaints had lasted for 1 month, an upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy was performed and discovered a bezoar in the stomach.Case presentation: The bezoar was quite hard and light green-yellow in color. Pathological examination revealed phytobezoar. The patient was hospitalized and given oral Coca-Cola® Zero for seven days at a dose of 500 mL three times daily.Conclusion: The upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy performed at the end of 7 days showed that the phytobezoar had softened and become smaller. The phytobezoar was broken into pieces with biopsy forceps and washing was applied, so the phytobezoar pieces could pass through the pylorus. The patient was discharged after the procedure without problem.Keywords: gastric phytobezoar, Coca-Cola, upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy

  14. The recurrence and survival of oral squamous cell carcinoma: a report of 275 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Yue

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck, and recurrence is an important prognostic factor in patients with OSCC. We explored the factors associated with recurrence of OSCC and analyzed the survival of patients after recurrence. Clinicopathologic and follow-up data of 275 patients with OSCC treated by surgery in the Cancer Institute and Hospital of Tianjin Medical University between 2002 and 2006 were analyzed. Recurrence factors were analyzed with Chi-square or Fisher's exact test and multivariate analysis. The prognosis of patients after recurrence was analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. The recurrence rate was 32.7%. The recurrence time ranged from 2 to 96 months, with a median of 14 months. Univariate analysis showed that T stage, degree of differentiation, pN stage, flap application, resection margin, and lymphovascular invasion were factors of recurrence (P 0.05. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests showed that the 2- and 5-year survival rates were significantly lower in the recurrence group than in non-recurrence group (67.6% vs. 88.0%, 31.8% vs. 79.9%, P < 0.001. Therefore, to improve prognosis, we recommend extended local excision, flap, radical neck dissection, and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for patients more likely to undergo recurrence.

  15. Chrysomya Bezziana oral myiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G S Vijay Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis is an opportunistic infestation of human and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae. Oral myiasis is a rare condition associated with poor oral hygiene, mental disability, halitosis and other conditions. We present a case report of an adult mentally challenged woman with extensive necrotic oral lesion burrowing into the hard palate through which three live maggots (larvae were seen emerging out. The larvae were removed using forceps and the patient was treated with oral ivermectin. The maggots were identified as larvae of the Chrysomya bezziana fly.

  16. ORAL MYIASIS CONVERTING TO ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akshay

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Oral Myiasis, a condition of infestation of the body by fly larvae (maggots is a rare pathology in humans. It is associated with poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, suppurating lesions, severe halitosis. It is seen frequently in tropical countries and hot climatic regions. The reported cases in literature of oral Myiasis associated with oral cancer are few. The treatment is a mechanical removal of the maggots but a systemic treatment with Ivermectin, a semi - synthetic macrolide antibiotic, has been used successfully for treatment for oral m yiasis. We present a case of 55 yr old male alcoholic patient with oral myiasis with extensive proliferative growth of oral cavity. Our patient was managed with manual debridement and administration of systemic ivermect in along with antibiotic coverage. Incisional biopsy of the proliferative lesion showed well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Thus our patient showed presence of oral myiasis in association with oral squamous cell carcinoma.

  17. "Churg Strauss Syndrome after Introducing Oral Steroid to Inhaler - A Report of Three Cases "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    "Saeid Fallah-Tafti

    2006-06-01

    We report three subjects with asthma who had been receiving previously multiple corticosteroid courses for control, but when systemic corticosteroids were discontinued or switched over to steroid inhaler, the patients developed a similar syndrome.

  18. Two case reports of oral lichen planus in children%儿童口腔扁平苔藓病例报告2例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉; 王珣; 蔡扬

    2016-01-01

    Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the common diseases of the oral mucosa, incidence of 1%-2%. It occurs in middle-age people,which is a rare disease in children [1] with few domestic literature reports. This article will re-port 2 cases of children's oral lichen planus, and discuss the etiology of children's oral lichen planus, onset ages, clinical manifestations and treatment methods.%口腔扁平苔藓(oral lichen planus,OLP)是口腔黏膜常见疾病之一,发病率为1%~2%,好发于中年人,儿童发病较为少见[1],国内只有极少的文献报告。本文将报告2例儿童口腔扁平苔藓,同时探讨儿童口腔扁平苔藓的病因、发病年龄、临床表现以及治疗方法。

  19. Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and oral parafunctions in urban Saudi arabian adolescents: a research report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feteih Rabab M

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD and oral parafunction habits among Saudi adolescents in the permanent dentition stage. Methods A total of 385 (230 females and 155 males school children age 12–16, completed a questionnaire and were examined clinically. A stratified selection technique was used for schools allocation. Results The results showed that 21.3% of the subjects exhibited at least one sign of TMD and females were generally more affected than males. Joint sounds were the most prevalent sign (13.5% followed by restricted opening (4.7% and opening deviation (3.9%. The amplitude of mouth opening, overbite taken into consideration, was 46.5 mm and 50.2 mm in females and males respectively. TMJ pain and muscle tenderness were rare (0.5%. Reported symptoms were 33%, headache being the most frequent symptom 22%, followed by pain during chewing 14% and hearing TMJ noises 8.7%. Difficulty during jaw opening and jaw locking were rare. Lip/cheek biting was the most common parafunction habit (41% with females significantly more than males, followed by nail biting (29%. Bruxism and thumb sucking were only 7.4% and 7.8% respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of TMD signs were 21.3% with joint sounds being the most prevalent sign. While TMD symptoms were found to be 33% as, with headache being the most prevalent. Among the oral parafunctions, lip/cheek biting was the most prevalent 41% followed by nail biting 29%.

  20. Treatment of Prolapse of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc by Tuina Massotherapy Combined with Oral Administration of Buyang Huanwu Tang——A Report of 75 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Deli; Wang Xinzhong

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc is a commonly encountered disease. From Feb. 2003 - Feb. 2005, a series of 75 cases had been treated by Tuina massotherapy combined with oral administration of Buyang Huanwu Tang (补阳还五汤 Decoction for Invigorating Yang and Recuperation), with satisfactory therapeutic results reported as follows.

  1. An Aggressive Plasmablastic Lymphoma of the Oral Cavity as Primary Manifestation of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Case Report and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Corti, Marcelo; Minué, Gonzalo; Campitelli, Ana; Narbaitz, Marina; Gilardi, Leonardo

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare entity that was first described in the jaws and the oral cavity of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Plasmablastic lymphoma is considered as a diffuse, large, B-cell lymphoma with a unique phenotype and a predilection for the oral cavity. Objective The authors describe a case of an aggressive plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity as the primary manifestation of AIDS. Resumed Report ...

  2. Oral myiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalaimalai Saravanan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis is a pathologic condition in humans occurring because of parasitic infestation. Parasites causing myiasis belong to the order Diptera. Oral myiasis is seen secondary to oral wounds, suppurative lesions, and extraction wounds, especially in individuals with neurological deficit. In such cases, neglected oral hygiene and halitosis attracts the flies to lay eggs in oral wounds resulting in oral myiasis. We present a case of oral myiasis in 40-year-old male patient with mental disability and history of epilepsy.

  3. Metabolomic Studies of Oral Biofilm, Oral Cancer, and Beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Jumpei Washio; Nobuhiro Takahashi

    2016-01-01

    Oral diseases are known to be closely associated with oral biofilm metabolism, while cancer tissue is reported to possess specific metabolism such as the ‘Warburg effect’. Metabolomics might be a useful method for clarifying the whole metabolic systems that operate in oral biofilm and oral cancer, however, technical limitations have hampered such research. Fortunately, metabolomics techniques have developed rapidly in the past decade, which has helped to solve these difficulties. In vivo meta...

  4. ORAL MYIASIS CONVERTING TO ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA

    OpenAIRE

    Akshay; Aparna; Kriti Bagri

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Oral Myiasis, a condition of infestation of the body by fly larvae (maggots) is a rare pathology in humans. It is associated with poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, suppurating lesions, severe halitosis. It is seen frequently in tropical countries and hot climatic regions. The reported cases in literature of oral Myiasis associated with oral cancer are few. The treatment is a mechanical removal of the m...

  5. Low-energy laser in the management of radiation-induced oral mucositis: report of two cases; Laser de baixa intensidade no tratamento da mucosite oral induzida pela radioterapia: relato de casos clinicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelner, Natalie; Castro, Jurema Freire Lisboa de [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Disciplina de Patologia Oral]. E-mail: nataliekelner@yahoo.com.br

    2007-01-15

    Oral mucositis is a common, dose-limiting, and potentially serious complication of cancer therapy. Severe mucositis can lead to modifications of treatment planning and even suspension of therapy, with a negative impact on local tumor control and patient survival, increasing the risk of local and systemic infections. The lesions generally develop in non-keratinized mucosa, which is most vulnerable to this complication. Symptoms can range from a burning sensation to severe pain that impairs nutrient and fluid intake. Low-energy laser has been proposed for treatment of mucositis, with good clinical and functional results, accelerating the healing process and decreasing the pain. The aim of this article, illustrated by two clinical cases at the Pernambuco Cancer Hospital in Recife, Brazil, was to report on the efficacy of low-energy laser in the management of radiation-induced oral mucositis.(author)

  6. Hiperplasia endotelial papilar intravascular oral: uma entidade rara Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia: a rare entity

    OpenAIRE

    João Augusto Vianna Goulart Filho; Karuza Maria Alves Pereira; Hébel Cavalcanti Galvão

    2006-01-01

    A hiperplasia endotelial papilar intravascular (HEPI) é uma lesão vascular reativa caracterizada pela proliferação endotelial excessiva localizada no interior de vasos sangüíneos comumente dilatados, associada a trombos em organização, ou secundária a outras lesões vasculares, como hemangiomas e granulomas piogênicos. A HEPI é um achado incomum na cavidade oral, onde os lábios são o principal sítio de acometimento, e surge clinicamente sob a forma de nódulos azulados de aspecto clínico semelh...

  7. Estudio epidemiológico y clínicopatológico de la leucoplasia oral

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Rivero Pérez; Carlos Manuel Albornoz López del Castillo; Isidro de Jesús Nápoles

    2014-01-01

    La leucoplasia oral es la lesión cancerizable más abundante en la cavidad bucal, que con mucha frecuencia puede transformarse en un cáncer bucal; por eso es necesario estudiar desde el punto de vista epidemiológico y clínicopatológico esta entidad. Se realizó un estudio observacional transversal en la población objeto de estudio, que asistió a la consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial desde junio de 2013 hasta marzo de 2014. El estudio incluyó un total de 24 pacientes con diagnóstico de leucoplasia...

  8. Effects of LEDs on oral mucositis prevention in a patient with classic Hodgkin's lymphoma - a case report; Utilizacao de LEDs na prevencao de mucosite oral em paciente com linfoma de Hodgkin classico - estudo de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bicudo, Leticia Lang

    2004-07-01

    The purpose of this case report was to evaluate the efficacy of therapy using LEDs (light-emitting diodes), at a wavelength of 880 nm, in the prevention of oral mucositis in a patient with Hodgkin's disease treated with ABVD regimen. Mucositis is a dose limiting complication of cancer treatment, of high incidence, which severity can lead to alterations of treatment planning or even to suspension of cancer therapy, with serious consequences in tumor response and even survival. Lesions develop most commonly on the nonkeratinized mucosa and present symptoms that begin like mild burning and evolve to severe pain. For this reason, low power laser and, recently, LEDs have been considered for preventing and management of oral mucositis, with great results. In this study, a 34-year-old male received intraoral irradiations with an infrared LEDs array (3,6 J/cm{sup 2}, 74 mW), for five consecutive days, starting on the day of chemotherapy. In each chemotherapy cycle, he received ABVD protocol on day 1 and day 15, and received LEDs treatment during five days on each ABVD infusion. To analyze results, the WHO (World Health Organization) scale was used for grading of mucositis and VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) for pain evaluation, on days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 13 post-chemotherapy. The results obtained showed the patient did not develop oral mucositis, during the five chemotherapy cycles and did not present any pain symptom. Therapy with LEDs was a safe and effective method for the prevention of oral mucositis in this case report. However, new studies are needed in order to prove the efficacy of this methodology with more patients, increasing their quality of life. (author)

  9. Salivary Markers for Oral Cancer Detection

    OpenAIRE

    Markopoulos, Anastasios K; Michailidou, Evangelia Z.; Tzimagiorgis, Georgios

    2010-01-01

    Oral cancer refers to all malignancies that arise in the oral cavity, lips and pharynx, with 90% of all oral cancers being oral squamous cell carcinoma. Despite the recent treatment advances, oral cancer is reported as having one of the highest mortality ratios amongst other malignancies and this can much be attributed to the late diagnosis of the disease. Saliva has long been tested as a valuable tool for drug monitoring and the diagnosis systemic diseases among which oral cancer. The new em...

  10. Análise da biocompatibilidade de cones de biovidro e biovitrocerâmico (Biosilicato® em cavidade eviscerada de coelho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Milani Brandão

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar experimentalmente a biocompatibilidade de cones de biovidro e biovitrocerâmico em cavidades evisceradas de coelhos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 45 coelhos albinos submetidos à cirurgia de evisceração do olho direito, seguida da inclusão de cones de biovidro e dois tipos de biovitrocerâmicos (chamados de FI e FII na cavidade escleral. Os animais foram sacrificados em três momentos (7, 90 e 180 dias. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: peso, exame clínico diário, exames bioquímicos, avaliação histológica, exame morfométrico. RESULTADOS: Os animais mantiveram-se saudáveis durante o experimento, não tendo ocorrido extrusão do implante em nenhum animal. O exame morfológico mostrou que houve a formação de pseudocápsula ao redor dos cones, com superioridade dos cones de biovidro e biovitrocerâmico FI, os quais apresentaram menor reação inflamatória e menor formação da pseudocápsula ao redor dos cones que os demais. A reação inflamatória foi mais intensa após 7 dias da colocação dos cones, diminuindo em direção aos 180 dias, sendo menos intensa nos coelhos que receberam cones de biovidro. CONCLUSÃO: Os cones de biovidro e biovitrocerâmico FI e FII podem ser úteis para a reparação da cavidade anoftálmica, com melhor resposta quando se usa cones de biovidro e de biovitrocerâmico FI.

  11. HIV Associated Intra–oral Burkitt’s Lymphoma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Pinisetti, Soujanya; Nalabolu, Govind Raj Kumar; UVR, Chowdary; Tadi, Durga Prasad

    2013-01-01

    Immunodeficiency associated Burkitt’s lymphoma is the most common in patients with HIV/AIDS. It accounts for 30-40% of Non–Hodgkin’s lymphomas and may be the first sign of underlying immunosuppression. This report illustrates a case of Burkitt’s lymphoma of maxillary alveolar ridge, which was the first manifestation in an HIV positive patient, with a brief discussion on clinicopathologic features, aetiopathogenesis and treatment.

  12. Oral findings in Midline Syndrome: a case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Tallón-Walton, Victòria; Nieminen, Pekka; Arte, Sirpa; Ustrell i Torrent, Josep Maria, 1953-; Carvalho Lobato, Patricia; Manzanares Céspedes, María Cristina

    2010-01-01

    We describe a female patient with a midline syndrome. The patient presents agenesis of the corpus callosum, encephalocele, iris coloboma, hypertelorism, submucosal cleft palate and dental anomalies. Despite being very characteristic, her phenotypical traits do not coincide exactly with those reported to date in the literature. The karyotype and the molecular cytogenetic study do not show mutations. We identify the presence of dental anomalies in the mother and other family members, not being ...

  13. Hiperplasia epitelial focal en la cavidad bucal. Reporte de casos en dos comunidades del Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Silvia González López

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Un total de 426 escolares de ascendencia mazahua y 2,856 escolares mestizos, entre 6 y 16 años de edad, originarios del Estado de México, fueron examinados para determinar si presentaban hiperplasia epitelial focal. En el grupo mazahua se detectó una prevalencia de 7.09%, la más alta reportada en el país; mientras que en el grupo mestizo fue de 1.08%, similar a la referida en la población mestiza de otros países de Latinoamérica.

  14. Hiperplasia epitelial focal en la cavidad bucal. Reporte de casos en dos comunidades del Estado de México

    OpenAIRE

    Blanca Silvia González López

    1999-01-01

    Un total de 426 escolares de ascendencia mazahua y 2,856 escolares mestizos, entre 6 y 16 años de edad, originarios del Estado de México, fueron examinados para determinar si presentaban hiperplasia epitelial focal. En el grupo mazahua se detectó una prevalencia de 7.09%, la más alta reportada en el país; mientras que en el grupo mestizo fue de 1.08%, similar a la referida en la población mestiza de otros países de Latinoamérica.

  15. Report on the activities carried out by 'Sonrisas' to promote oral health: the experience of a Canadian dental hygienist in the Dominican Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsman, Elina

    2007-08-01

    Smiles Foundation is a non-profitable organization established in Canada as a sister foundation to the Dominican Fundacion para la Prevencion y la Salud Bucal de los Ninos "Sonrisas" the Dominican Republic, which provides free dental treatment and oral health education to underprivileged children. Its founder Elina Katsman, a Canadian dental hygienist embarked on this project in 1986, and started giving lectures in the small community of Samana along with two local nurses that she trained in the principles of oral hygiene and related primary health care. Today, the foundation runs eight dental clinics and five mobile units that serve remote areas and has benefited 1,723,119 people in total. The aim of this article was to report on the growth that Smiles Foundation has experienced to promote oral health among children and adults in the Dominican Republic including its activities and the results it has achieved up until 2005. PMID:17615022

  16. Estado periodontal y de la mucosa oral en un grupo de embarazadas: Estudio clínico Periodontal and mucosal status in a group of pregnant women: Clinical study

    OpenAIRE

    M. Lacalzada-Pastor; J. Gil-Samaniego; M. Giménez-Juncosa; J. López-López; E. Chimenos-Küstner

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: Los cambios hormonales en el embarazo se reflejan en la salud periodontal de las pacientes, se pretende cuantificar y evaluar estos cambios en la cavidad oral de 165 pacientes embarazadas, así como el estado de su mucosa oral y relacionar su percepción de salud oral con los resultados de su estado periodontal. Métodos: Pacientes de revisión de rutina de un centro de atención primaria. Se les realiza una exploración donde se evalúa el estado periodontal, mediante el Índice de Nec...

  17. Estudio in vitro de los efectos del resveratrol y la irradiación sobre la viabilidad, apoptosis, migración y el ciclo celular en el carcinoma oral de células escamosas

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Atiénzar, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN: El carcinoma oral de células escamosas, histológicamente, es el tumor más común observado en la cavidad oral. El resveratrol es un producto antioxidante natural polifenólico que, recientemente, ha sido declarado un agente antitumoral y quimiopreventivo. OBJETIVO: Estudio in vitro para evaluar el efecto del resveratrol combinado con la irradiación, sobre el carcinoma oral humano de células escamosas. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El resveratrol ha sido administrado en dosis de 5, ...

  18. Caracterización de las lesiones premalignas y malignas de la cavidad bucal en pacientes de Amancio, 2010-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Tomas de la Paz Suárez; Carmen de los Milagros García Alguacil

    2014-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo, para caracterizar las lesiones premalignas y malignas de la cavidad bucal en pacientes remitidos a la consulta de máxilo facial, de la clínica estomatológica del policlínico “Luis Aldana Palomino”, durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2010 a diciembre de 2012, en el municipio Amancio. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 63 personas remitidas al referido servicio. La muestra quedó conformada por los 32 pacientes ...

  19. Implantes de polietileno gel e poroso em cavidade anoftálmica de coelhos Gel and porous polyethylene implants in the rabbit anophthalmic cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Lucieni Cristina Barbarini Ferraz; Silvana Artioli Schellini; Sheila Lordelo Wludarski; Carlos Roberto Padovani

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Comparar implantes de polietileno poroso no estado sólido e gel em cavidades enucleadas. MÉTODOS: Trinta e seis coelhos albinos foram submetidos à enucleação do olho direito, recebendo esferas de polietileno poroso (18 animais) ou gel (18 animais), de 12 mm de diâmetro. Os animais foram avaliados semanalmente por exame clínico e mensalmente por ultra-sonografia modo B, realizada 30, 60 e 90 dias após a cirurgia, tendo sido os animais sacrificados aos 90 dias. Após o sacrifício, o co...

  20. O uso de implantes orbitários de polietileno granulado de ultra-alto peso molecular no reparo de cavidades anoftálmicas

    OpenAIRE

    João Edward Soranz Filho; Gustavo Mendes; Regina Kiomi Takahira; Silvana Artioli Schellini; Cláudia Helena Pellizzon

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Alterações oculares, em especial a perda de volume nas cavidades evisceradas, promovem uma série de modificações ao paciente tanto funcional do órgão quanto psicológica e estética. Para tanto a procura de um material de baixo custo e com biocompatibilidade tem sido uma constante na literatura. Portanto, esse trabalho teve como objetivo testar experimentalmente implante de polietileno granulado de ultra-alto peso molecular, material de baixo custo, em órbitas de coelhos submetidos à ...

  1. Brief Report: Remotely Delivered Video Modeling for Improving Oral Hygiene in Children with ASD: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popple, Ben; Wall, Carla; Flink, Lilli; Powell, Kelly; Discepolo, Keri; Keck, Douglas; Mademtzi, Marilena; Volkmar, Fred; Shic, Frederick

    2016-08-01

    Children with autism have heightened risk of developing oral health problems. Interventions targeting at-home oral hygiene habits may be the most effective means of improving oral hygiene outcomes in this population. This randomized control trial examined the effectiveness of a 3-week video-modeling brushing intervention delivered to patients over the internet. Eighteen children with autism were assigned to an Intervention or Control video condition. Links to videos were delivered via email twice daily. Blind clinical examiners provided plaque index ratings at baseline, midpoint, and endpoint. Results show oral hygiene improvements in both groups, with larger effect sizes in the Intervention condition. The findings provide preliminary support for the use of internet-based interventions to improve oral hygiene for children with autism. PMID:27106570

  2. Oral Insulin

    OpenAIRE

    Kalra Sanjay; Kalra Bharti; Agrawal Navneet

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Oral insulin is an exciting area of research and development in the field of diabetology. This brief review covers the various approaches used in the development of oral insulin, and highlights some of the recent data related to novel oral insulin preparation.

  3. Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor's disease: a rare case report with oral manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha ML

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica, also known as Trevor's disease, is an extremely rare skeletal developmental disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by an osteocartilaginous outgrowth of one or more epiphyses or of a tarsal bone during childhood. It is a rare skeletal hemimelica disorder characterized by asymmetric growth of cartilage in one or more epiphyses. Due to the unusual presentation and variability of the picture, there is no standardized treatment and outcome is very different. Also such an unusual, unique case with craniofacial manifestations has not been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 14-year-old male, who complained of irregularly placed teeth in upper and lower front teeth region. On general physical examination we noticed some skeletal abnormalities with the patient and hence we subjected him to radiographic investigations. The images were consistent with epiphyseal dysplasia hemimelica. The prognosis of DEH is variable and depends basically on its location and size. Carriers of this unusual dysplasia should be periodically monitored for the risk of recurrence. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(4.000: 1018-1024

  4. The gut and oral microbiome in HIV disease: a workshop report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyes, D L; Saxena, D; John, M D; Malamud, D

    2016-04-01

    Recent years have seen a massive expansion in our understanding of how we interact with our microbial colonists. The development of new, rapid sequencing techniques such as pyrosequencing and other next-generation sequencing systems have enabled us to begin to characterise the constituents of our diverse microbial communities, revealing the astonishing genetic richness that is our microbiome. Despite this, our ignorance of how these communities change over the course of an HIV infection is profound. Whilst some steps have been made to characterise the HIV microbiome at selected sites, these reports are still limited and much remains to be done. It has become apparent, however, that host-microbiota interactions are perturbed during HIV infections, with microbial translocation of potential pathogens linked to a variety of different HIV complications, including more rapid progression of disease. The use of probiotics and prebiotics has been investigated as treatments to alleviate symptoms for a variety of conditions, and is now being proposed for the treatment of symptoms associated with HIV. However, this is a new area of investigations and many questions remain unanswered. What we know about both of these topics is a drop in the ocean compared with what we need to know. In this article, we report on a workshop where these two major under-investigated research areas were presented, and future directions explored and discussed. PMID:27109284

  5. A UNIQUE STAR SHAPED PERIPHERAL OSSIFYING FIBROMA MIMICKING ORAL CARCINOMA : A RARE CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi Pandey

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The gingiva is often the site of localized growths that areconsidered to be reactive rather than neoplastic in nature. Peripheral ossifying fibromais one such reactive lesion. This case report documents a case of a 15-year-old girl witha large peripheral ossifying fibroma in the posterior maxilla showing significantgrowth and interference with occlusion. Methods: Review of literature concerningetiology, pathogenesis and management of the resulting gingival enlargement isdiscussed. Conclusion: Many of these lesions are difficult to be identified clinicallyand can be identified as specific entity only on the basis of typical and consistenthistomorphology. Surgical treatment of the POF in adolescents should be initiatedsoon, given the high recurrence rate, because although gingival enlargement thatoccurs can be treated, the alveolar bone loss is irreversible, compromising toothsupporting apparatus permanently.

  6. Paraffinoma of lips and oral mucosa: Case report and brief review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich, Reinhard E.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Interstitial application of paraffin in plastic and reconstructive surgery is obsolete due to the development of permanent and extensive foreign body granulomas at the site of application. These granulomas can cause severe physical impairment and develop their own prognostic worth. Furthermore, the disperse oil droplets are not a locally stable suspension. Therefore, the desired aesthetic aspect can get lost in the course of a potential dislocation of the suspension. In addition, the interstitial confluence of non-resorbable droplets to larger oil drops causes palpable and sometimes visible indurations of the skin, the correlate of chronic inflammation. This case report describes the efforts undertaken to release the patient at least temporarily from her paraffin granulomas and to improve her appearance. The relevant literature is briefly discussed. Furthermore, we present some immunohistochemical findings to specify the foreign body reaction associated with paraffin injections into connective tissues.

  7. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis in Childhood: Review, Symptoms in the Oral Cavity, Differential Diagnosis and Report of One Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shooriabi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH is a rare disease in which monoclonal migration and proliferation of specific dendritic cells is seen. The disease primarily affects the bones and skin, but there is a possibility that involves other organs or appears as a multi-systemic disease. Case Report In oral examination of a nine-month girl, two deep wounds with a yellow membrane with approximate size of 1 × 1 cm on both sides of mandibular alveolar ridge were seen. The edges of the wounds were swollen and proliferated and redder than the surrounding mucosa. At the touch the edges of the wound were not indurated. The wound were created from the third-month and the size of wounds had become slightly larger within 6 months. According to the chronic wound and being non-responsive to various systemic and local treatments, incisional biopsy was taken from the wounds. Langerhans cell histiocytosis was confirmedhistologically and immune histochemically. Conclusion Mouth ulcers may be the only symptoms of Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Therefore, the role of dentist could be important in diagnosis of this disease.

  8. Oral Melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Forouzandeh

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Melanoma is a malignant tumor that originates from melanocyte cells. Its oral type is rare. The goal of this investigation was to determine the prevalence of oral malignant melanoma in Iran, as determined by age, sex and location. This research reviewed 623 cases of oral and non-oral malignant melanoma in Immam-Khomeini hospital, Mearaj cancer institute and department of oral pathology of dental faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences in a period of 19 years from 1981-1999. The results showed that 54 cases of biopsy lesions were melanoma of oral cavity that included 7.8% of these lesions. The mean age incidence of oral melanoma was 55.5(between 26-86 years. The most prevalent sites were palate (37.1% and alveolar mucosa (20.4% and less common sites included floor of mouth. buccal mucosa and tongue.

  9. Status report from the American Acne & Rosacea Society on medical management of acne in adult women, part 3: oral therapies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Rosso, James Q; Harper, Julie C; Graber, Emmy M; Thiboutot, Diane; Silverberg, Nanette B; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

    2015-12-01

    Parts 1 and 2 of this 3-part series provided an overview of the epidemiology, visible patterns, and important considerations for clinical and laboratory evaluation of acne vulgaris (AV) in adult women and reviewed the role of proper skin care and topical therapies in this patient population. In Part 3, oral therapies including combination oral contraceptives, spironolactone, antibiotics, and isotretinoin are discussed along with important considerations that clinicians should keep in mind when selecting oral agents for management of AV in adult women. PMID:26761932

  10. Oral environment and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudo, Yasusei; Tada, Hidesuke; Fujiwara, Natsumi; Tada, Yoshiko; Tsunematsu, Takaaki; Miyake, Yoichiro; Ishimaru, Naozumi

    2016-01-01

    Cancer is now the leading cause of death in Japan. A rapid increase in cancer mortality is expected as Japan is facing a super-aged society. Many causes of cancer are known to be closely linked to life style factors, such as smoking, drinking, and diet. The oral environment is known to be involved in the pathogenesis and development of various diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, diabetes, heart disease, and dementia. Because the oral cavity acts as the bodily entrance for air and food, it is constantly exposed to foreign substances, including bacteria and viruses. A large number of bacteria are endemic to the oral cavity, and indigenous oral flora act to prevent the settlement of foreign bacteria. The oral environment is influenced by local factors, including dental plaque, tartar, teeth alignment, occlusion, an incompatible prosthesis, and bad lifestyle habits, and systemic factors, including smoking, consumption of alcohol, irregular lifestyle and eating habits, obesity, stress, hormones, and heredity. It has recently been revealed that the oral environment is associated with cancer. In particular, commensal bacteria in the oral cavity are involved in the development of cancer. Moreover, Candida, human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus as well as commensal bacteria have been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of cancer. In this review, we introduce recent findings of the correlation between the oral environment and cancer. PMID:27482300

  11. Enregistrements, procès-verbaux, transcriptions devant la Commission d’enquête : le traitement de l’oral en questions Recordings, official reports, transcriptions before the Inquiry committee: questioning the treatment of orality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyne Serverin

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Nombre d’observations formulées devant la Commission d’enquête sur l’affaire dite d’Outreau, et nombre de préconisations ont porté sur les procédés employés pour consigner les déclarations des personnes entendues au cours d’une procédure pénale. Le passage de l’oral à l’écrit a été abordé sous deux dimensions : 1 la première dimension est institutionnelle et pose la question de l’incidence du droit processuel sur les événements rapportés devant la Commission d’enquête. Il est apparu que si l’enregistrement des auditions des enfants était obligatoire, les moyens légaux d’y échapper étaient multiples, de sorte que les procès-verbaux sont restés la référence exclusive dans le cours de l’instruction ; 2 la deuxième dimension est linguistique, et concerne les problèmes de la transcription de l’oral en interaction. Les écarts entre les enregistrements vidéos réalisés devant la Commission d’enquête et leurs transcriptions dans le rapport final montrent qu’un procès-verbal, rédigé dans le cours même d’une audition, ne peut restituer ni la teneur ni le déroulement des propos échangés. Le visionnage s’impose donc pour guider les problèmes d’interprétation. En l’absence de réforme profonde du statut de l’oral dans la procédure pénale, force est de conclure qu’une affaire comme celle d’Outreau a toutes les chances de se reproduire.Many observations formulated before the Investigation Committee on the Outreau case and many recommendations have concerned the devices used to record the declarations of the persons heard during the criminal proceedings. The transformation of the oral into written declarations is considered from two dimensions: 1 the first dimension is institutional and raises the question of the impact of criminal procedure law on the events reported before the Investigation Committee. It has appeared that if registering the hearings of the children is

  12. Inverted ductal papilloma of the oral cavity secondary to lower lip trauma: a case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Sala Pérez, Sergi; España Tost, Antonio Jesús; Vidal Bel, A.; Gay Escoda, Cosme

    2013-01-01

    Inverted ductal papilloma of the oral cavity is an infrequent benign neoplasm of papillary appearance that originates in the secretory duct of a salivary gland. The etiology is unknown, though some authors have related it to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman with a tumor of the lower lip mucosa. Histopathological study of the lesion diagnosed inverted ductal papilloma of the oral cavity. Human papillomavirus DNA detection and typing based on tumo...

  13. Psychological effects of treatment with new oral anticoagulants in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation: a preliminary report

    OpenAIRE

    Fumagalli, Stefano; Cardini, Francesca; Roberts, Anna T.; Boni, Serena; Gabbai, Debbie; Calvani, Silvia; Casalone Rinaldi, Marta; Manetti, Stefania; Tarantini, Francesca; Marchionni, Niccolò

    2015-01-01

    Background and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in elderly people, yet oral anticoagulation is underused in the aged. We tried to determine whether new oral anticoagulants (NOA) have greater psychological tolerability than warfarin. Methods: Age-, gender-matched groups of AF patients receiving NOA (N = 15) or warfarin (N = 15) were assessed with the Anti-Clot Treatment Scale (ACTS) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Results: Patients were old (81 ...

  14. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for providing oral care. NIDCR > OralHealth > Topics > Oral Cancer > Oral Cancer Exam Video Oral Cancer Exam Video This video shows what happens during an oral cancer examination. Quick and painless, the exam can detect ...

  15. Damaging Oral Habits

    OpenAIRE

    Kamdar, Rajesh J; Al-Shahrani, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Oral habits, if persist beyond certain developmental age, can pose great harm to the developing teeth, occlusion, and surrounding oral tissues. In the formative years, almost all children engage in some non-nutritive sucking habits. Clinicians, by proper differential diagnosis and thorough understanding of natural growth and developmental processes, should take a decision for intervening. This article describes case series reports of thumb sucking, finger sucking, and tongue thrusting habits,...

  16. Social disparity and oral health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a clear reported association between social disparity and oral health, for example, between dental caries and malnutrition in children. This fact is detected in several studies, and also found amongst the Brazilian population. However, several efforts have been made to improve the quality of life of the population and to achieve the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. Oral health is a branch to be improved among these goals. The Brazilian experience has been drawing the attention of authorities, insofar as there have been direct improvements in oral health through state oral health programs, and also indirect results by improving the quality of life of the population. Included within the Brazilian oral health programs are the Family Health Program and Smiling Brazil Program. The former is a global healthcare program which involves primary oral healthcare, while the latter is a specialized oral care program. Among the social programs that would indirectly improve oral health are Family Stipend and the Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience of Natal (ELS-IINN. In conclusion, although oral health problems are related to socioeconomic factors, the implementation of primary oral health programs and programs to improve the population's quality of life may directly or indirectly improve the oral health scenario. This fact is being observed in Brazil, where the oral health policies have changed, and social programs have been implemented.

  17. Prevalence study of oral mucosal lesions, mucosal variants, and treatment required for patients reporting to a dental school in North India: In accordance with WHO guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Bhatnagar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OML in adult patients reporting to the dental outpatient department at the Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. The purpose was to determine the priorities in oral health education, preventive measures, and identify the group in urgent need of treatment. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted over a period of 6 months in 2010, when 8866 subjects were offered structured interviews and standardized extraoral and intraoral examinations according to the World Health Organization (WHO guidelines . Result: Overall prevalence of OML was 1736 (16.8%, the most prevalent being smoker′s palate (10.44% followed by leukoplakia (2.83%, oral submucous fibrosis (1.97%, oral candidiasis (1.61%, recurrent aphthous stomatitis (1.53%, oral lichen planus (0.8% and others (0.78%. The highest prevalence of the tobacco habit in both forms was recorded in the group aged 40-44 yearsand those aged between 60 and 64 years who wore dentures. Lesions were most prevalent in those aged 40-44 years with a significant predominance of males at 3:1 (M = 12.6% and F = 4.3%. Patients who consumed tobacco in any form or wore dentures had a significantly higher prevalence of OML (P < 0.001. The highest number of lesions were on the palate (59.7% followed by buccal mucosa (19.9%. Various normal mucosal variants were recorded. Fordyce′s granules (0.13%, fissured tongue (3.3%, leukoedema (1.47%, and lingual varices (2.73% were also recorded. The tongue showed the highest number of variants (64.4%. Patients were grouped according to the treatment needed under the WHO criteria. One hundred and ninety-seven patients were given oral hygiene instructions only, whereas 1422 patients were advised on change of habit and a follow-up and 674 patients needed definitive treatment. Conclusion: This study thus highlights diagnostic criteria, multifactorial risk factors to

  18. Indicadores del estado de salud bucodental en menores con fisura oral congénita y en escolares sanos

    OpenAIRE

    Vilariño Rodríguez, Rosa María

    2013-01-01

    Las fisuras labiopalatinas son malformaciones congénitas que alteran el desarrollo normal de la cavidad oral. Desde el nacimiento y dependiendo de las estructuras afectadas, los niños fisurados pueden presentar, deformación facial, problemas de alimentación, alteraciones dentales e infecciones recurrentes del oído medio estando sometidos a numerosas intervenciones quirúrgicas a lo largo de su desarrollo. Aunque se ha avanzado mucho en el conocimiento y tratamiento de las fisuras labiopalatina...

  19. Calidad de Vida Oral y Salud Bucodental en el paciente oncohematológico. Ensayo experimental de cohortes preventivas

    OpenAIRE

    Lourenço Núñez, Mónica

    2014-01-01

    [ES]El paciente oncohematológico es un paciente médicamente comprometido en odontología, por lo que hay que tener en consideración una serie de condiciones especiales. Las alteraciones en la cavidad oral son frecuentes, especialmente en aquellos que presentan leucemia aguda. Las complicaciones, a nivel bucodental, pueden deberse también a los efectos secundarios del tratamiento oncohematológico, basado principalmente en la aplicación de quimioterapia y la realización de un trasplante de médul...

  20. Oral mucormycosis in an 18-month-old child: a rare case report with a literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Oral mucormycosis is a fungal infection observed mainly in elderly immunocompromised patients. In rare instances, the disease occurs in healthy individuals and those patients that are below preschool age. Although this condition mainly involves the maxilla, it may also manifest in any part of the oral cavity based on the source of infection. Mucormycosis of the maxilla spreads rapidly, leading to necrosis of the palatal bone and palatal perforation. Such patients are usually rehabilitated using bone grafting or free flap surgeries. However, when surgeries are delayed, palatal prosthesis is an interim treatment modality that can prevent nasal regurgitation and aspiration of food or fluids. Palatal prostheses also help with mastication, speech, and swallowing. The present case describes a rare case of oral mucormycosis in an 18-month-old male involving the maxilla that was managed by palatal prosthesis. PMID:27162751

  1. Osteonecrosis of the Torus Palatinus in the Setting of Long-Term Oral Bisphosphonate Use--A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Joshua L; Larson, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Bisphosphonates are medications used orally and intravenously for a variety of conditions including cancer metastatic to bone, hypercalcemia of malignancy, Paget's disease and osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw has been related to bisphosphonate use. Osteonecrosis of the jaw most commonly occurs in the setting of intravenous bisphosphonate use and concomitant dental work or trauma. Oral bisphosphonates have much less risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw. We present an interesting case of a patient on an oral bisphosphonate for an extended period of time (nine years), with a torus palatinus, who burned her palate while eating a slice of pizza. Over six months later, she presented with an area of denuded bone and diagnosis consistent with osteonecrosis of the torus palatinus. PMID:26882578

  2. Higiene bucal: prática relevante na prevenção de pneumonia hospitalar em pacientes em estado crítico Higiene bucal: práctica relevante en la prevención de neumonía hospitalaria en pacientes en estado crítico Oral hygiene: a relevant practice to prevent hospital pneumonia in critically ill patients

    OpenAIRE

    Isa Rodrigues da Silveira; Flávia de Oliveira Motta Maia; Juliana Rizzo Gnatta; Rúbia Aparecida Lacerda

    2010-01-01

    Este artigo objetivou atualizar o conhecimento a respeito dos aspectos microbiológicos da cavidade oral e sua relação com a higiene bucal na prevenção da pneumonia associada à ventilação mecânica. Estudos analisados têm sido favoráveis ao uso de antissépticos para descontaminação da orofaringe, embora ainda não exista uma padronização de condutas a respeito da técnica e produtos.Este artículo tuvo por objetivo actualizar el conocimiento sobre aspectos microbiológicos de la cavidad oral y veri...

  3. Estudio epidemiológico y clínicopatológico de la leucoplasia oral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Rivero Pérez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La leucoplasia oral es la lesión cancerizable más abundante en la cavidad bucal, que con mucha frecuencia puede transformarse en un cáncer bucal; por eso es necesario estudiar desde el punto de vista epidemiológico y clínicopatológico esta entidad. Se realizó un estudio observacional transversal en la población objeto de estudio, que asistió a la consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial desde junio de 2013 hasta marzo de 2014. El estudio incluyó un total de 24 pacientes con diagnóstico de leucoplasia oral, basado en un interrogatorio, examen físico y biopsia. La investigación tuvo el objetivo de caracterizar desde el punto de vista epidemiológico y clínicopatológico la leucoplasia oral en los pacientes perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial “Ismael Clark Mascaró”, para así describir su comportamiento en esa población. Los grupos de edades más afectados fueron de 35 años en adelante y pertenecientes al sexo masculino. La localización más frecuente fue el labio inferior y en su mayoría no presentaron ningún grado de displasia. El tipo de leucoplasia oral más frecuente fue la homogénea. Todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de leucoplasia oral eran fumadores. Se concluye que la leucoplasia es una lesión cancerizable, frecuente en la cavidad bucal, que afecta a pacientes de la cuarta década de vida, principalmente del sexo masculino y fumadores. El labio inferior fue el sitio más afectado, predominó la forma homogénea y sin displasia

  4. Promoting oral health: interventions for preventing dental caries, oral and pharyngeal cancers, and sports-related craniofacial injuries. A report on recommendations of the task force on community preventive services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-11-30

    The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of the evidence of effectiveness of selected population-based interventions to prevent and control dental caries (tooth decay), oral (mouth) and pharyngeal (throat) cancers, and sports-related craniofacial injuries. The Task Force strongly recommends community water fluoridation and school-based or school-linked pit and fissure sealant delivery programs for prevention and control of dental caries. Using the rules of evidence it has established, the Task Force found insufficient evidence of effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the remaining interventions reviewed. Therefore, the Task Force makes no recommendation for or against use of statewide or communitywide sealant promotion programs, population-based interventions for early detection of precancers and cancers, or population-based interventions to encourage use of helmets, facemasks, and mouthguards to reduce oral-facial trauma in contact sports. The Task Force's finding of insufficient evidence indicates the need for more research on intervention effectiveness. Until the results of such research become available, readers are encouraged to judge the usefulness of these interventions by other criteria. This report presents additional information regarding the recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and provides information designed to help apply the strongly recommended interventions locally. PMID:11770576

  5. Circulation re-marquée vs effacée des discours rapportés directs à l’oral [Re-marked circulation vs un-marked circulation of oral reported discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Verine

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’interroge sur la rareté à l’oral des formes récursives DD+DD par rapport aux occurrences imputables à une tierce voix en vertu d'inférences contextuelles. Il explique cette disproportion entermes de pertinence dialogique: le marquage de la médiation, formellement très coûteux, est avant tout pertinent lorsqu'il y a doute ou conflit a priori sur la crédibilité de l'énonciation enchâssée; les formes plus économiques de circulation sont davantage pertinentes dans les interactions enchâssantes où il y a consensus, ou lorsque le locuteur principal s'efforce de prévenir par la persuasion / manipulation l'existence d'un doute quelconque chez ledestinataire.This paper tries to answer why, in oral interactions, the recursive forms of direct reported speech (e.g. Peter said: “Paul said: “Y”” are scarcer than utterances where the third voice can be inferred from the context. It will explain this imbalance through the principle of dialogical relevance. Marking explicitly the double report is especially usefull and pertinent when the addressee may doubt or contest the reliability of the reported content. Simplified forms are preferred when there is consensus amongst the participants or when the speaker aims to anticipate the addressee’s doubts by persuading or manipulating him/her.

  6. Úlcera eosinófila de la mucosa oral Eosinophilic ulcer of oral mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C. Bencini

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La Úlcera Eosinófila de la Mucosa Oral, es una entidad poco frecuente, pobremente descrita en la literatura mundial. Se define como una lesión benigna autolimitada que si bien puede presentarse en distintas áreas de la cavidad bucal, presenta una marcada predilección por la mucosa ventral de la lengua. Clínicamente, se presenta como una lesión ulcerada de bordes indurados y sobreelevados. Los hallazgos histopatológicos son característicos y consisten en un infiltrado mixto rico en eosinófilos, acompañado de una población de grandes células mononucleadas. Recientes artículos basados en estudios inmunohistoquimicos, permiten afirmar la presencia de grandes linfocitos atípicos CD30+ y por lo tanto, incluir esta lesión en el espectro de las entidades simuladoras de desordenes linfoproliferativos. A pesar de esto, el mecanismo etiopatogenico permanece oscuro y el trauma local juega un rol todavía no dilucidado; aunque se halla presente en la mayoría de las publicaciones, explicando el fenómeno como un mecanismo reactivo. La importancia de esta lesión, radica en su diagnostico diferencial por su semejanza clínica al carcinoma espinocelular, histoplasmosis, chancro sifilítico, Úlcera tuberculosa, carcinoma epidermoide y otras. En nuestro trabajo se revisa la literatura y se discuten la características clínicas, histopatológicas y alternativas terapéuticas, a partir del artículo de un caso clínico en una paciente joven, que luego de la biopsia escisión como método para el diagnostico de certeza, se produce una recidiva de la lesión; lo que orientó el tratamiento hacia la cirugía combinada con corticoterapia local intralesional, logrando su remisión.Eosinophilic Ulcer of the Oral Mucosa, an entity, poorly deciphers in world-wide literature. It is defined as a self-limited, benign injury that although it can appear in different areas of the buccal cavity it presents a noticeable predilection via the ventral mucosa of the

  7. Oral lesions associated with renal secondary hyperparathyroidism in an English bulldog/ Lesões orais associadas ao hiperparatireoidismo renal secundário em um Buldogue Inglês

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Carlos Faria dos Reis

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Renal secondary hyperparathyroidism is a complex clinical syndrome frequently described in dogs. However, in most cases, lesions are characterized by fibrous osteodystrophy of facial bones, affecting principally the mandible and the maxilla. There are few reports of renal secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with facial tumorous masses in the dog; similar findings in dogs have not been previously described in Brazil. This report describes the clinical, pathological, and radiological findings of this syndrome in a 14-month-old dog with oral tumorous-like lesions. The pathogenesis associated with this disease is also discussed.Hiperparatireoidismo renal secundário é uma síndrome clínica complexa freqüentemente descrita em cães. Entretanto, na maioria dos casos as lesões são caracterizadas por osteodistrofia fibrosa dos ossos faciais, afetando principalmente a mandíbula e a maxila. Existem poucos relatos do hiperparatireoidismo renal secundário associada a massas tumorais na face de cães; achados semelhantes em cães não foram anteriormente descritos no Brasil. Este relato descreve os achados clínicos, patológicos e radiológicos dessa síndrome em um cão de 14 meses de idade com lesões semelhantes a tumores na cavidade bucal. A patogenia associada a essa doença também é discutida.

  8. Relleno de cavidades óseas en cirugía maxilofacial con materiales aloplásticos Bone cavity filling with alloplastic material in maxillofacial surgery

    OpenAIRE

    S. Ochandiano Caicoya

    2007-01-01

    En los estudios de regeneración ósea se distinguen dos tipos de defectos, los que carecen de capacidad de regeneración espontánea durante toda la vida del individuo (defectos de tamaño crítico) y los que sí que poseen dicha capacidad (de tamaño no crítico), siempre que aportemos las condiciones adecuadas, estabilización del coágulo, mantenimiento del espacio y reposo mecánico (concepto de regeneración ósea guiada). En esta controversia revisamos el defecto óseo del seno maxilar y las cavidade...

  9. Case report: false positive elevated serum-galactomannan levels after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation caused by oral nutritional supplements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachow, Tobias; Dornaus, Sebastian; Sayer, Herbert G; Hermann, Beate; Hochhaus, Andreas; von Lilienfeld-Toal, Marie

    2016-05-01

    Positive galactomannan tests in patients who underwent chemotherapy without any clinical signs of a fungal infection should lead the clinician to consideration of a false-positive test result. Oral nutritional supplements may be a cause, especially in the case of concomitant disturbance of the gastrointestinal mucosal barrier because of mucositis. PMID:27188260

  10. Teacher Survey of the Accessibility and Text Features of the Computerized Oral Reading Evaluation (CORE). Technical Report #1601

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Josh; Nese, Joseph T.; Alonzo, Julie

    2016-01-01

    There is strong theoretical support for oral reading fluency (ORF) as an essential building block of reading proficiency. The current and standard ORF assessment procedure requires that students read aloud a grade-level passage (˜ 250 words) in a one-to-one administration, with the number of words read correctly in 60 seconds constituting their…

  11. Efeito histológico causado na parede posterior da cavidade abdominal pela lavagem com solução salina 0,9% aquecida a diferentes temperaturas: estudo experimental em ratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Alcino Lázaro da

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A lavagem da cavidade abdominal com solução salina 0,9% aquecida é uma prática comum em cirurgia geral, mas, geralmente, não há um controle adequado da sua temperatura, sendo por vezes introduzida na cavidade abdominal a temperaturas elevadas, possivelmente causando lesões no nível celular. O objetivo do trabalho é estudar a célula da parede posterior da cavidade abdominal de ratos após o tratamento desta com solução salina 0,9% aquecida a graus diversos. Foram utilizados 28 ratos divididos em três grupos com 9 animais cada e um rato controle. O grupo A foi tratado com solução salina 0,9% a 37ºC, o grupo B a 45ºC e o grupo C a 60ºC. O rato controle não recebeu tratamento com solução salina 09,%. Em todos os grupos a solução salina 0,9% permaneceu na cavidade durante 1 minuto. Exame histopatológico revelou que no rato controle e nos grupos A e B as fibras musculares e as estriações celulares estavam intactas. No grupo C, no entanto, observaram-se princípios de degeneração celular. Como conclusão ressalta-se a importância de um controle efetivo da temperatura da solução salina 0,9% a ser introduzida na cavidade abdominal de ratos para prevenir um trauma térmico no nível celular.

  12. Assessment of relationship between oral health behavior, oral hygiene and gingival status of dental students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsheen Lalani

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Thus, it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between the oral health behavior, oral hygiene, and gingival status of dental students. Dental students with better self-reported oral health behavior had lower plaque and gingival scores indicating a better attitude toward oral health.

  13. Irradiation mucositis and oral flora

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study, which is motivated by the substantial morbidity of local signs of mucositis and generalized symptoms that result from mucositis induced by therapeutic irradiation, has the following objectives: To investigate if it is possible to prevent irradiation mucositis via oral flora elimination, and, if it is true that flora plays a role in irradiation mucositis, what fraction of the oral flora may be involved; to evaluate oral Gram-negative bacillary carriage; to investigate the possibility to eradicate Gram-negative bacilli from the oral cavity; to evaluate oral yeast carriage; to investigate the possibility to eradicate yeasts stomatitis and the 'selectivity' of elimination of flora. Two methods are described for monitoring alterations of mucositis of the oral cavity and changes in oral flora. Chlorhexidine has been tested as the commonly used prophylaxis. The effect of chlorhexidine 0.1% rinses on oral flora and mucositis has been studied in a prospective placebo controlled double blind randomized programme. The results of the influence of saliva on the antimicrobial activity of chlorhexidine and the results of selective elimination of oral flora in irradiated patients who have head and neck cancer are reported. Salivary inactivation of the topical antimicrobials used for selective elimination of oral flora has been studied and the results are reported. Finally, the objectives that have been achieved (or not) are delineated. The significance of the results of the study are discussed in terms of published information and further lines of research are suggested. (author). 559 refs.; 29 figs.; 20 tabs

  14. Lavagem nasal como método de avaliação das cavidades nasais Nasal lavage as a tool to evaluate nasal cavities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme P. Caminha

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A avaliação das cavidades nasais é extremamente importante nos indivíduos portadores de patologias nasais e nos que estão expostos a substâncias potencialmente nocivas presentes no meio ambiente. Como a histologia da mucosa nasal é similar à das vias respiratórias inferiores, uma resposta inflamatória vista no nariz pode ser um sinal de alerta de inflamação na via aérea inferior. A presença de biomarcadores nas cavidades nasais pode ser facilmente detectada através de inúmeras técnicas. Entretanto, é necessário dispormos de um método para avaliação das alterações encontradas nesta região que seja simples e seguro. A lavagem nasal preenche estes critérios e deve ser considerada sempre que se deseje estudar esta região.The evaluation of the nasal cavities of subjects with nasal pathologies and those exposed to environmental contaminants is very important. Nasal mucosal histology is similar to that in the lower airways. Therefore, an inflammatory response seen in the nasal passages may be a warning signal of inflammation in the lower airways. Biomarkers in the nasal cavities can be easily detected in many ways. However, it is necessary to have a method of quantifying this effects that is safe and simple to perform. Nasal lavage fulfills these criteria and should be considered when studying this area.

  15. Oral epithelial dysplasia classification systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warnakulasuriya, S; Reibel, J; Bouquot, J;

    2008-01-01

    report, we review the oral epithelial dysplasia classification systems. The three classification schemes [oral epithelial dysplasia scoring system, squamous intraepithelial neoplasia and Ljubljana classification] were presented and the Working Group recommended epithelial dysplasia grading for routine....... Several studies have shown great interexaminer and intraexaminer variability in the assessment of the presence or absence and the grade of oral epithelial dysplasia. The Working Group considered the two class classification (no/questionable/ mild - low risk; moderate or severe - implying high risk) and...

  16. Liquen plano: Revisión de la literatura actual Oral lichen planus: A review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Matesanz-Pérez

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Proporcionar información actualizada acerca del liquen plano oral, prestando atención especial a su posible malignización y a su relación con el cáncer oral. El liquen es una enfermedad mucocutánea con una relevancia particular en la cavidad oral, no sólo debida a su prevalencia, sino también debida al hecho de estar englobada dentro de los denominados "enfermedades o estados premalignos". La relación del liquen plano con el cáncer oral aumenta la necesidad de revisar la literatura, para así comprender cuánto puede hacer el clínico al respecto, y aprender cómo manejar esta patología.Aims: To provide updated knowledge about oral lichen planus, paying especial attention to its possible malignant transformation and the relationship with oral cancer. Oral lichen planus is a mucocutaneous disorder with particular relevance in the oral cavity, not only due to its prevalence, but due to the fact of belonging to the group of "premalignant lesions or states". The relationship that this pathology has with oral cancer increases the need for literature reviewing so as to learn what the practitioner can do about it and how to manage it.

  17. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Dental Research See All Continuing Education Practical Oral Care for People With Developmental Disabilities – This booklet presents ... developmental disabilities and offers strategies for providing oral care. NIDCR > OralHealth > Topics > Oral Cancer > Oral Cancer Exam ...

  18. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... common in patients with developmental disabilities and offers strategies for providing oral care. NIDCR > OralHealth > Topics > Oral ... diagnosis, and treatment of oral cancer, along with definitions of selected medical terms and resource information. Oral ...

  19. Oral Cancer Exam

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Topics > Oral Cancer > The Oral Cancer Exam The Oral Cancer Exam Main Content See a step-by-step video explaining what happens during an oral cancer examination. An oral cancer exam is painless and quick — it takes ...

  20. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Oral Cancer > Oral Cancer Exam Video Oral Cancer Exam Video This video shows what happens during an oral cancer examination. Quick and painless, the exam can detect oral cancer early—when it can ...

  1. Desarrollo de un liofilizado oral antihistamínico de segunda generación

    OpenAIRE

    Flórez Borges, Paloma

    2016-01-01

    El liofilizado oral es una forma farmacéutica sólida que tiene como objetivo facilitar la administración de un medicamento mediante la disolución instantánea del mismo en la cavidad bucal, con la consiguiente deglución del contenido por vía oral. Dicha forma farmacéutica se obtiene mediante preparación previa de una solución, suspensión o emulsión que contenga el principio activo que se quiere administrar antes de la aplicación de la técnica de liofilización. La liofilización permite generar ...

  2. Development of novel pharmaceutical forms for oral administration of bioactive agents

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Ana Filipa Silva

    2015-01-01

    A forma farmacêutica Película (do inglês “Films”) é definida genericamente nas Farmacopeias como uma fina folha composta por uma ou várias camadas com ou sem fármaco, que se destina a ser colocado na cavidade oral. Estas películas são geralmente preparadas por técnicas como solvent-casting ou extrusão, podendo ser preparadas com o objetivo de apresentarem desintegração rápida ou lenta e / ou permitirem uma absorção gastrointestinal ou através mucosa oral do fármaco. Estas diferenças podem se...

  3. Methylprednisolone Oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Nizoral), oral contraceptives, phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin (Rifadin), theophylline (Theo-Dur), and vitamins.if you have a ... stomach irritation vomiting headache dizziness insomnia restlessness depression anxiety acne increased hair growth easy bruising irregular or ...

  4. Dexamethasone Oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Nizoral), oral contraceptives, phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin (Rifadin), theophylline (Theo-Dur), and vitamins.if you have a ... stomach irritation vomiting headache dizziness insomnia restlessness depression anxiety acne increased hair growth easy bruising irregular or ...

  5. Hydrocortisone Oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Nizoral), oral contraceptives, phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin (Rifadin), theophylline (Theo-Dur), and vitamins.if you have a ... stomach irritation vomiting headache dizziness insomnia restlessness depression anxiety acne increased hair growth easy bruising irregular or ...

  6. Oral Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... use. Some oral cancers are linked to human papilloma virus (HPV) infections of the mouth and throat. ... The number of oropharyngeal cancers linked to human papilloma virus (HPV) has risen dramatically over the past ...

  7. Carcinoma Verrucoso Oral: Reporte de un Caso Clínico y Revisión de 20 Casos del Instituto de Referencia en Patología Oral (IREPO), Chile Oral Verrucous Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of 20 Cases of the Oral Pathology Referral Institute (IREPO), Chile

    OpenAIRE

    D Adorno Farias; A Maturana Ramírez; M Farias Vergara; ME Franco Martínez; M Iriarte Hernández; R Sáez Salgado; J. Cortés Araya; AV Ortega Pinto

    2010-01-01

    El carcinoma verrucoso (CV) es una variante rara del carcinoma de células escamosas con características morfológicas y comportamiento específico. El presente estudio relata el caso de una paciente de género femenino, de 68 años de edad, que presenta un carcinoma verrucoso en lengua, indoloro y con 8 meses de evolución. Además, se realizó una breve revisión de casos clínicos del Instituto de Referencia en Patología Oral (IREPO) de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile, diagnost...

  8. Candidiasis oral en el paciente mayor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Otero Rey

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La candidiasis o candidosis oral es la enfermedad infecciosa ocasionada por el crecimiento de las colonias de Cándida y la penetración de las mismas en los tejidos orales cuando las barreras físicas y las defensas del huésped se encuentran alteradas. Es una infección frecuente de la cavidad oral de los adultos de edad avanzada. Aunque la incidencia real se desconoce, se sabe que existe una prevalencia aumentada en ciertas ocasiones como ocurre en ancianos, en presencia de prótesis mucosoportadas, xerostomía o en patologías asociadas frecuentemente en los mayores. Los tipos clínicos más característicos son la forma seudomembranosa y la eritematosa (palatina y lingual. Pueden tener evolución aguda o crónica según la persistencia de los factores predisponentes. También son frecuentes procesos bucales comúnmente asociados: estomatitis protética, queilitis angular, glositis romboidal y lengua vellosa. La mayor parte de las candidiasis orales tienen un diagnóstico clínico, pero ha de confirmarse demostrando la penetración de la cándida en la mucosa oral, siendo el frotis la técnica de elección. Antes de comenzar el tratamiento, debemos estar seguros que se trata de una candidiasis oral, el tipo clínico y los factores predisponentes relacionados con la infección. Empezaremos siempre eliminando estos factores predisponentes, en el adulto mayor, la polifarmacología, la xerostomía, enfermedades crónicas y el uso de prótesis mucosoportadas son situaciones frecuentes que habrá que controlar. Instauraremos medidas higiénicas bucales y posteriormente si es necesario, utilizaremos fármacos antifúngicos, comenzando siempre con formas tópicas.

  9. Conhecimentos e práticas em saúde bucal com crianças hospitalizadas com câncer Knowledge and practices of oral health on hospitalized children with cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline May Barbosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os conhecimentos e práticas em saúde bucal (SB com crianças hospitalizadas com câncer. A amostra foi composta pela equipe de enfermagem, cuidadores e crianças. Foi aplicado um questionário relacionado ao conhecimento geral sobre SB, métodos e instrumentos utilizados para a higiene oral (HO e dados socioeconômicos. Baseado nos resultados, quem realiza a HO das crianças são os cuidadores (90,7%, que receberam orientações da equipe de enfermagem em 21,4% dos casos. Com relação ao desconforto na cavidade bucal, a equipe de enfermagem reportou que todos apresentaram manifestações clínicas, enquanto apenas 62,8% dos cuidadores reportaram casos. Todos os participantes consideram importante haver um CD no setor de oncologia. Pôde-se concluir que não existe um protocolo de cuidados com a higiene bucal de crianças hospitalizadas com câncer e que as manifestações bucais mais frequentes entre os pacientes em tratamento antineoplásico foram: mucosite, enjoos, vômitos, xerostomia e ausência de paladar.The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practices of oral health (OH in hospitalized children with cancer. The sample was composed by the nurse team, caretakers and children. It was applied a questionnaire concerning the general knowledge about OH, methods and instruments used for oral hygiene (OH. According to the results, the responsible of OH of children are the caretakers (90.7% who receive instructions from the nurse team in 21.4% of cases. As for the oral cavity discomfort, the nurse team reported that all patients exhibited clinical manifestations while the caretakers reported a different number, 62.8% of cases. All participants considered important having a dentist in the oncology sector. According to the results obtained, it was possible to conclude that there is no oral health protocol for hospitalized children with cancer and that the most frequent oral manifestations among

  10. A Case Report of Post-Operative Jöd-Basedow Phenomennon Following Oral and IV Iodine Contrast Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Maureen Higgs; Erroll Hull; Eugenio Lujan

    2014-01-01

    This is a case of thyrotoxicosis, due to the Jöd-Basedow phenomenon following administration of oral and IV iodinated contrast in a patient with history of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and small bowel obstruction. The patient developed atrial fibrillation and had an extended stay in the intensive care unit. Given the aging population with possible subclinical hyperthyroidism, multinodular goiter, and the rise in contrast administration for routine diagnostic studies, this case serves...

  11. Unprecedented Simultaneous and Rapid Reversal of Oral and Alimentary Mucositis using Polymerized Cross Linked Sucralfate: Two Case Reports

    OpenAIRE

    Ricky Wayne McCullough

    2014-01-01

    The quest to optimize cancer treatments and to extend cancer survival is consistently thwarted by an unavoidable but expected consequence – mucositis of the oral and gastrointestinal tract. Prior to market approval our Translational Medicine Research Center clinically tested polymerized cross-linked sucralfate (PCLS) on a cancer treatment patient who underwent 6 weeks chemo-radiation for squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN). This late-breaking Phase 4 observational experience ...

  12. Osteonecrosis of the jaw in a patient with rheumatoid artritis treated with an oral aminobisphosphonate: a clinical case report

    OpenAIRE

    Longato, Lorena; Cavalli, Loredana; Marcucci, Gemma; Metozzi, Alessia; Giusti, Francesca; Brandi, Maria Luisa; Piscitelli, Prisco

    2013-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been recently described after intravenous administration of amino-bisphosphonates and – less frequently – in association with the use of oral bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BRONJ) may affect mandible bone (65%), maxilla bone (26%) and rarely (9%) both sites simultaneously. Although causality may never be proven, emerging experimental data have established a strong association between monthly intravenous bisphosphonate admin...

  13. Amiloidose na cavidade bucal: aspectos clínicos, histopatológicos e ultra-estruturais

    OpenAIRE

    Faria Paulo Rogério de; Menezes Luiz Fernando Carvalho de; Saldiva Paulo Hilário Nascimento; Della Coletta Ricardo; Vargas Pablo Agustin

    2003-01-01

    Amiloidose refere-se à deposição extracelular e progressiva de proteínas fibrilares patogênicas com características microscópicas e ultra-estruturais similares. A amiloidose pode ser sistêmica ou localizada. Descrevemos três pacientes que desenvolveram amiloidose intra-oral, sendo que dois casos manifestaram amiloidose localizada e o outro caso apresentou amiloidose sistêmica com acometimento de língua. Nos três casos, o exame histopatológico evidenciou depósitos de amilóide, os quais foram c...

  14. Oral myiasis: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basavaraj T Bhagawati

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral myiasis is a relatively rare pathology in humans caused by invasion of body tissue or cavities of living animals or humans by larvae of certain dipteran flies. It is an uncommon clinical condition, being more frequent in underdeveloped countries, and in countries with tropical climate. Common pre-disposing factors are poor oral hygiene, halitosis, trauma, senility, suppurative oral lesions, and in patients with neuro-psychiatric deficits. The present article reports a case of oral myiasis involving the anterior palate in a physically and mentally disabled 24-year-old female patient.

  15. Efeitos do sulfato de bário na cavidade pleural de ratos Effects of barium sulphate in rats pleural cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Antonio Marsico

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do sulfato de bário na cavidade pleural de ratos. MÉTODO: Foram avaliados, experimentalmente, os efeitos do sulfato de bário a 100% na cavidade pleural de 43 ratos. Sob anestesia inalatória com éter, foi realizada injeção de contraste radiológico (1ml na cavidade pleural direita após punção com agulha romba pela via subxifóide. Os ratos, divididos em três grupos, foram mortos em câmara fechada com éter, após 24h (13 ratos, 48h (16 ratos e 21 dias (14 ratos, respectivamente. Através de esternotomia longitudinal e laparotomia alta, foram retiradas a pleura parietal e visceral, juntas com o gradil costal e o pulmão direito. No grupo-controle, de 22 ratos, foi injetado 1ml de soro fisiológico a 0,9% na cavidade pleural direita. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortes entre os 43 ratos em que foi injetado sulfato de bário e no grupo-controle. As alterações encontradas na cavidade pleural dos grupos injetados com sulfato de bário e mortos com 24h e 48h foram semelhantes: leve e difusa hiperemia na pleura parietal, sulfato de bário livre, derrame pleural inflamatório com predomínio de polimorfonucleares; macrófagos na pleura fagocitando sulfato de bário e pleura com infiltrado predominantemente polimorfonuclear. Com 21 dias, o sulfato de bário estava localizado e bloqueado na região retroesternal e havia formação de sínfises pleurais intensas. No exame histopatológico das pleuras havia grande quantidade de macrófagos repletos de sulfato de bário, raros pigmentos de sulfato de bário no meio extracelular, importante proliferação fibroblástica em 13/14 (92% casos e não ocorreu formação de granulomas. No grupo-controle (22 ratos, o exame histopatológico foi normal em todas as fases do experimento. CONCLUSÕES: a o sulfato de bário causou derrame pleural inflamatório em todos os casos; b com 21 dias ocorreu formação de sínfises pleurais em 100% dos casos; c não houve formação de

  16. Correlating the Metabolic Stability of Psychedelic 5-HT2A Agonists with Anecdotal Reports of Human Oral Bioavailability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth-Petersen, Sebastian; Bundgaard, Christoffer; Hansen, Martin;

    2014-01-01

    little is known about the relationships between the structure of the ligands and their pharmacokinetic profile. In order to evaluate the potential of these compounds for in vivo applications we have determined the microsomal stability of 11 phenethylamines and 27 N-benzylated derivatives thereof using...... human liver microsomes. We found that the N-benzylated phenethylamines have much higher intrinsic clearance than the parent phenethylamines. We hypothesize that their low hepatic stability renders them orally inactive due to first pass metabolism, which is supported by anecdotal data from recreational...

  17. Oral myiasis in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M H Raghunath Reddy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral myiasis is a rare condition in humans and is associated with poor oral hygiene, severe halitosis, mouth breathing during sleep, mental handicap, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, anterior open bite, incompetent lips, and other conditions. In this report, a 14 year-old boy who had an orofacial trauma in the maxillary dentoalveolar region,which was neglected, has been described. There was a deep lacerated wound on the upper vestibule which was infected and maggots were found on the same wound. The clinical features, management, treatment are discussed and relevant literature is reviewed.

  18. Oral lichen planus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lichen planus is a mucocutaneous dermatological disorder, with intraoral manifestation. Skin lesions prevail with oral mucosal lesions. Prevalence of lichen planus, as an oral pre-malignant lesion, is 1-2 % population. Lateral border, dorsal tongue, gingiva, hard palate and vermilion border are common sites and lesions appear as reticular, plaque-like and papular intraoral types. Skin presents with pururitic, polygonal papules. Atrophic and erosive are the known intraoral pre-malignant types. A case report is presented, which responded well to steroid therapy. (author)

  19. Oral candidiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millsop, Jillian W; Fazel, Nasim

    2016-01-01

    Oral candidiasis (OC) is a common fungal disease encountered in dermatology, most commonly caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans in the mouth. Although thrush is a well-recognized presentation of OC, it behooves clinicians to be aware of the many other presentations of this disease and how to accurately diagnose and manage these cases. The clinical presentations of OC can be broadly classified as white or erythematous candidiasis, with various subtypes in each category. The treatments include appropriate oral hygiene, topical agents, and systemic medications. This review focuses on the various clinical presentations of OC and treatment options. PMID:27343964

  20. Oral manifestations of syphilis: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. Soares

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Syphilis is an infectious disease presenting stages associated with specific oral lesions. Therefore, health professionals should be familiar with the different syphilis oral manifestations at each stage and be prepared to refer any suspected patient for further evaluation. This report describes the most important clinical factors of each stage, emphasizing the oral manifestations.

  1. [Oral rehabilitation of a patient with Wilson-syndrome using MK1 bolt attachment. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Károlyházy, Katalin; Kivovics, Péter; Faluhelyi, Péter; Fejérdy, Pál

    2006-10-01

    The oral condition of neurologically compromised patients seemed to be worse as compared to the healthy population, which is confirmed by concrete data in case of epilepsy patients. The dental status of our 33 years old patient with Wilson-syndrome showed the same situation. The Wilson-syndrome is a hepatolenticular degeneration, with the disfunction of copper excretion in liver. Toxic dose of copper is accumulated in liver, in the nuclei of central nerve system, in kidneys, and in cornea. Deficiency of coeruloplasmin characterizes the disease which might occur in a form of acute hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis or hepatosplenomegaly without any symptom. Initial symptoms might usually be extrahepatic, with the presence of the green and golden brown Kayser-Fleischer copper deposition. Treatment is necessary until the end of life, 1 g Penicillamine/ day. Our patient with Wilson-syndrome has been treated for 17 years at the Department of Neurology Semmelweis University. Dystonia, speech disorder, and intention tremor are rampant among his symptoms. At the time of admittance to dental clinic, both the upper and lower dental arches belonged to class 2B according to the Fábián and Fejérdy classification of partial edentulousness. After root canal fillings and cementation of dowel cores, an upper and lower fix and removable partial denture combination was made. Oral hygiene was controlled every three months. Dentures are worn for half a year without complaint. PMID:17183790

  2. Training in oral medicine.

    OpenAIRE

    Zakrzewska, J M

    2001-01-01

    88 members of the UK specialty society of oral medicine were asked about career satisfaction and their views on training programmes. 70% responded (79% of consultants and all accredited trainees). Men work longer hours than women, report less control over their work and experience more stress. Although high work satisfaction is reported, nearly one-third regret their choice of specialty. Men more than women do locum work while training. Most respondents would welcome flexible training, job sh...

  3. Laryngeal and tracheal anomalies in an infant with oral-facial-digital syndrome type VI (Varadi-Papp): report of a transitional type

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayes, Laura L.; Palasis, Susan [Children' s Healthcare of Atlanta at Scottish Rite, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Simoneaux, Stephen F. [Children' s Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Niyazov, Dmitriy M. [Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Human Genetics, Decatur, GA (United States)

    2008-09-15

    The oral-facial-digital syndromes (OFDS) comprise a group of disorders involving malformations of the mouth, face, and digits. There are 13 subtypes of the OFDS, and much overlap exists among OFDS patients. Distinct syndromes such as Joubert and Pallister-Hall display many of the same features. This report describes an infant with abnormalities including a hypoplastic/absent cerebellar vermis and forked third metacarpals, consistent with a diagnosis of OFDS type VI (Varadi-Papp). The girl's abnormalities also included malformations of the larynx and trachea, findings never before described in type VI but described in other OFDS subtypes and similar syndromes. Our patient represents a transitional OFDS type, further supporting evidence of a common molecular pathway among these disorders. This report highlights the importance of the radiologist's role in diagnosis. (orig.)

  4. Oral coatings: a study on the formation, clearance and perception

    OpenAIRE

    Camacho, S

    2015-01-01

    Oral coatings are residues of food and beverages that coat the oral mucosa after consumption. Several studies have reported on the lubrication properties in mouth, and the after-feel and after-taste impact of oral coatings. Further, oral coatings have been suggested to influence subsequent taste perception. Although it is well known that oral coatings can influence sensory perception, there was little information available on the chemical composition and physical properties of oral coatings. ...

  5. Oral ketamine in the palliative care setting: a review of the literature and case report of a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 and glomus tumor-associated complex regional pain syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Eliezer; Stewart, Douglas R; Mannes, Andrew J; Ruppert, Sarah L; Baker, Karen; Zlott, Daniel; Handel, Daniel; Berger, Ann M

    2012-06-01

    Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, has been shown to be effective not only for its anesthetic properties but also for the analgesic and opiate-sparing effects. However, data on efficacy and safety of oral ketamine for the treatment of neuropathic or cancer pain syndromes is limited with most of the evidence based on small clinical trials and anecdotal experiences. In this review, we will analyze the clinical data on oral ketamine in the palliative care setting. After an extensive search using five major databases, a total of 19 relevant articles were included. No official clinical guidelines for the use of oral ketamine in this patient population were found. Studies on oral ketamine for cancer and neuropathic pain have shown mixed results which could be partially due to significant differences in hepatic metabolism. In addition, we will include a case report of a 38-year-old female with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with history of chronic, severe pain in her fingertips secondary to multiple glomus tumors which evolved into CRPS resistant to multiple therapies but responsive to oral ketamine. Based on our experience with oral ketamine, this drug should be administered after an intravenous trial to monitor response and side effects in patients with an adequate functional status. However, patients in the palliative care and hospice setting, especially the one at the end of their lives, may also benefit from oral ketamine even if an intravenous trial is not feasible. PMID:21803784

  6. Co-existence of a giant splenic hemangioma and multiple hepatic hemangiomas and the potential association with the use of oral contraceptives: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatzoulis George

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hepatic and splenic hemangiomas are common benign tumors that mainly affect female patients. Giant splenic hemangiomas are extremely rare, especially when correlated with multiple hepatic hemangiomas. Pathogenetic mechanisms between hemangiomas and oral contraceptives, as well as therapeutic approaches, are analyzed in this case report, in particular for the management of synchronous splenic and hepatic hemangiomas. Case presentation We report here a 42-year-old woman with a giant splenic hemangioma, multiple hepatic hemangiomas and a history of oral estrogen intake for many years. At first it was difficult to determine the organ from which the giant hemangioma originated. Angiography proved extremely helpful in tracing its origin in the spleen. Hematomas in the giant hemangioma posed a significant threat of rupture and catastrophic hemorrhage. We left the small hepatic hemangiomas in place, and removed the spleen along with the giant splenic hemangioma. Conclusion Diagnostic pitfalls in the determination of the origin of this giant hemangioma, attribution of its origin to the spleen angiographically, the unusual co-existence of the giant splenic hemangioma with multiple hepatic ones, and the potential threat of rupture of the giant hemangioma are some of the highlights of this case report. Estrogen administration represents a pathogenic factor that has been associated with hemangiomas in solid organs of the abdominal cavity. The therapeutic dilemma between resection and embolization of giant hemangiomas is another point of discussion in this case report. Splenectomy for the giant splenic hemangioma eliminates the risk of rupture and malignant degeneration, whereas observation for the small hepatic ones (

  7. Oral calcitonin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdy RC

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ronald C Hamdy,1,2 Dane N Daley11Osteoporosis Center, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, 2Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Johnson City, TN, USAAbstract: Calcitonin is a hormone secreted by the C-cells of the thyroid gland in response to elevations of the plasma calcium level. It reduces bone resorption by inhibiting mature active osteoclasts and increases renal calcium excretion. It is used in the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis, Paget's disease of bone, and malignancy-associated hypercalcemia. Synthetic and recombinant calcitonin preparations are available; both have similar pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles. As calcitonin is a peptide, the traditional method of administration has been parenteral or intranasal. This hinders its clinical use: adherence with therapy is notoriously low, and withdrawal from clinical trials has been problematic. An oral formulation would be more attractive, practical, and convenient to patients. In addition to its effect on active osteoclasts and renal tubules, calcitonin has an analgesic action, possibly mediated through β-endorphins and the central modulation of pain perception. It also exerts a protective action on cartilage and may be useful in the management of osteoarthritis and possibly rheumatoid arthritis. Oral formulations of calcitonin have been developed using different techniques. The most studied involves drug-delivery carriers such as Eligen® 8-(N-2hydroxy-5-chloro-benzoyl-amino-caprylic acid (5-CNAC (Emisphere Technologies, Cedar Knolls, NJ. Several factors affect the bioavailability and efficacy of orally administered calcitonin, including amount of water used to take the tablet, time of day the tablet is taken, and proximity to intake of a meal. Preliminary results looked promising. Unfortunately, in two Phase III studies, oral calcitonin (0.8 mg with 200 mg 5-CNAC, once a day for postmenopausal osteoporosis and twice a day for osteoarthritis failed to

  8. Oral Sex, Oral Health and Orogenital Infections

    OpenAIRE

    Rajiv Saini; Santosh Saini; Sugandha Sharma

    2010-01-01

    Oral sex is commonly practiced by sexually active male-female and same-gender couples of various ages, including adolescents. The various type of oral sex practices are fellatio, cunnilingus and analingus. Oral sex is infrequently examined in research on adolescents; oral sex can transmit oral, respiratory, and genital pathogens. Oral health has a direct impact on the transmission of infection; a cut in your mouth, bleeding gums, lip sores or broken skin increases chances of infection. Althou...

  9. Oral care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitz Lindenmüller, Irène; Lambrecht, J Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Adequate dental and oral hygiene may become a challenge for all users and especially for elderly people and young children because of their limited motor skills. The same holds true for patients undergoing/recovering from chemo-/radiotherapy with accompanying sensitive mucosal conditions. Poor dental hygiene can result in tooth decay, gingivitis, periodontitis, tooth loss, bad breath (halitosis), fungal infection and gum diseases. The use of a toothbrush is the most important measure for oral hygiene. Toothbrushes with soft bristles operated carefully by hand or via an electric device help to remove plaque and to avoid mucosal trauma. A handlebar with a grip cover can be helpful for manually disabled patients or for those with reduced motor skills. In case of oral hygiene at the bedside or of patients during/after chemo-/radiotherapy a gauze pad can be helpful for gently cleaning the teeth, gums and tongue. The use of fluoride toothpaste is imperative for the daily oral hygiene. Detergents such as sodium lauryl sulphate improve the cleaning action but may also dehydrate and irritate the mucous membrane. The use of products containing detergents and flavouring agents (peppermint, menthol, cinnamon) should therefore be avoided by bedridden patients or those with dry mouth and sensitive mucosa. Aids for suitable interdental cleaning, such as dental floss, interdental brushes or dental sticks, are often complicated to operate. Their correct use should be instructed by healthcare professionals. To support dental care, additional fluoridation with a fluoride gel or rinse can be useful. Products further containing antiseptics such as chlorhexidine or triclosan reduce the quantity of bacteria in the mouth. For patients undergoing or having undergone radio-/chemotherapy, a mouthwash that concomitantly moisturizes the oral mucosa is advisable. PMID:21325845

  10. Fibrolipoma gigante de la mejilla: a propósito de un caso Giant fibrolipoma of the cheek: report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    M Scivetti; M. Di Cosola; L Lo Muzio; GP Pilolli; Maiorano, E.; Capodiferro, S.; F Vignoletti; GF Favia

    2006-01-01

    El fibrolipoma es una neoplasia de origen mesenquimal, rara en la cavidad oral, representando el 1% de todos los tumores benignos orales. Es una variante histológica del lipoma simple, que normalmente se manifiesta a nivel de la mucosa oral, suelo de la boca, lengua y labios. La etiología suele ser traumática cuando afecta localizaciones extraorales, mientras se considera idiopática al manifestarse a nivel bucal. En este artículo se presenta un raro caso de fibrolipoma de mejilla, y se discut...

  11. Higiene bucal: prática relevante na prevenção de pneumonia hospitalar em pacientes em estado crítico Higiene bucal: práctica relevante en la prevención de neumonía hospitalaria en pacientes en estado crítico Oral hygiene: a relevant practice to prevent hospital pneumonia in critically ill patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Rodrigues da Silveira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetivou atualizar o conhecimento a respeito dos aspectos microbiológicos da cavidade oral e sua relação com a higiene bucal na prevenção da pneumonia associada à ventilação mecânica. Estudos analisados têm sido favoráveis ao uso de antissépticos para descontaminação da orofaringe, embora ainda não exista uma padronização de condutas a respeito da técnica e produtos.Este artículo tuvo por objetivo actualizar el conocimiento sobre aspectos microbiológicos de la cavidad oral y verificar la relación de la higiene bucal con la prevención de la neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica. Los estudios analizados se han mostrado favorables al uso de antisépticos para descontaminar la cavidad oral y la faringe, a pesar de que todavía no existe una estandarización de conductas sobre la técnica y de los productos utilizados en ese proceso.The objective of this article was to update knowledge on the microbiological aspects of the oral cavity and, verify the relation of oral hygiene with the prevention of pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation. The studies analyzed were in favor of the use of antiseptics for decontaminating the oral cavity and pharynx, although there is still no standardization of procedures on the technique and products used in this process.

  12. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Topics > Oral Cancer > Oral Cancer Exam Video Oral Cancer Exam Video This video shows what happens during an oral cancer examination. Quick and painless, the exam can detect ...

  13. Oral Health and Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Oral Health and Aging Oral Health and Aging Summer 2016 Table of Contents Jerrold H. Epstein, ... they may need. Read More "Oral Health and Aging" Articles Oral Health and Aging / 4 Myths About ...

  14. Successful treatment of oral verrucous hyperplasia with photodynamic therapy combined with cryotherapy--report of 3 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yu-Chao; Yu, Chuan-Hang

    2014-06-01

    Our previous study showed successful treatment of a large oral verrucous hyperplasia (OVH) with topical 5-aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy combined with cryotherapy (ALA-PDT). In this case series, we extended this combined method for another three OVH lesions in three different patients. The clinical procedure was conducted as follows: the OVH lesions were irradiated with a 635-nm laser 1.5h after topical application of 20% ALA on the lesion for a total of 1000 s, which consisted of five 3-min and one 100-s irradiations separated by five 3-min rests. Cryogun cryotherapy was then performed on the lesion after ALA-PDT. The tumor was cleared after 1-6 treatments. No recurrence of the lesion was found after a follow-up period of 6-24 months. We suggest that our combined treatment protocol may be effective in treating OVH lesions. PMID:24561304

  15. Summary of the 1st Schizophrenia International Research Society Conference oral sessions, Venice, Italy, June 21-25, 2008: the rapporteur reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abubaker, Roohi; Alaerts, Maaike; Allman, Ava-Ann; Barnett, Jennifer; Belujon, Pauline; Bittner, Robert A; Burne, Thomas H J; Cahn, Wiepke; Chance, Steven; Cherkerzian, Sara; deSouza, Renan; Di Forti, Marta; du Bois, Teresa; Fatjó-Vilas, Mar; Green, Melissa; Halperin, Demian; Halpern, Demian; John, John P; Kemp, Aaron; Koelkebeck, Katja; Lee, Jimmy; Lodge, Daniel J; Michalopoulou, Panayiota; Mompremier, LaNina; Nelson, Barnaby; Perälä, Jonna; Rotarska-Jagiela, Anna; Schoeman, Renata; Thakkar, Katharine N; Valuri, Giuletta; Varambally, Shivarama; Zai, Clement; DeLisi, Lynn E

    2008-10-01

    The Schizophrenia International Research Society held its first scientific conference in Venice, Italy, June 21 to 25th, 2008. A wide range of controversial topics were presented in overlapping and plenary oral sessions. These included new genetic studies, controversies about early detection of schizophrenia and the prodrome, treatment issues, clinical characteristics, cognition, neuropathology and neurophysiology, other etiological considerations, substance abuse co-morbidity, and animal models for investigating disease etiology and for use as targets in drug studies. Young investigators in the field were awarded travel grants to participate in the congress and one of their roles was to summarize the oral sessions and subsequent discussions. The reports that follow are the culmination of this work produced by 30 young investigators who attended the congress. It is hoped that these summaries will be useful synopses of what actually occurred at the congress for those who did not attend each session or were unable to be present. The abstracts of all presentations, as submitted by the authors a few months prior, were previously published as supplement 2 to volume 102/1-3, June 2008. PMID:18819775

  16. Passagem de células endometriais para a cavidade peritoneal durante histeroscopia diagnóstica Dissemination of endometrial cells into the peritoneal cavity during diagnostic hysteroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rievani de Sousa Damião

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a passagem de células endometriais para a cavidade peritoneal durante histeroscopia diagnóstica. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, prospectivo, envolvendo 61 pacientes sem afecção endometrial maligna e 15 com câncer do endométrio. Duas amostras de lavado peritoneal foram colhidas, uma antes (LP-1 e outra (LP-2, imediatamente após a realização da histeroscopia diagnóstica. A passagem para a cavidade peritoneal foi definida como a presença de células endometriais no LP-2, devendo tais células estarem ausentes no LP-1. Utilizou-se histeroscópio com 5 mm de diâmetro (Storz. O meio de distensão foi o CO2 com pressão de fluxo de 80 mmHg controlada eletronicamente. O LP foi fixado em álcool absoluto (1:1. As lâminas foram preparadas pelo método de Papanicolaou e todas as leituras feitas pelo mesmo observador. RESULTADOS: foram excluídas quatro pacientes (5,26% por apresentarem células endometriais no LP-1, sendo duas em cada grupo. Nas 72 restantes, não houve passagem de células para a cavidade peritoneal. No grupo sem afecção maligna endometrial, 88,1% (52/59 apresentaram endométrio secretor, com correlação de 80% entre o diagnóstico histeroscópico e a biópsia do endométrio. No grupo com afecção maligna endometrial, a maioria das pacientes encontrava-se no estádio I (92,3%. A correlação entre histeroscopia/biópsia endometrial e exame anatomopatológico da peça cirúrgica foi de 100%. CONCLUSÕES: a realização de histeroscopia diagnóstica com CO2 e pressão de fluxo de 80 mmHg não determinou passagem de células endometriais para a cavidade peritoneal em ambos os grupos, sugerindo que a histeroscopia é método seguro nas pacientes com suspeita de câncer endometrial.PURPOSE: to evaluate the spreading of endometrial cells to the peritoneal cavity during diagnostic hysteroscopy. METHODS: a prospective, descriptive study involving 76 patients divided in two groups: one with 61 patients without

  17. Caracterización de las lesiones premalignas y malignas de la cavidad bucal en pacientes de Amancio, 2010-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas de la Paz Suárez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo, para caracterizar las lesiones premalignas y malignas de la cavidad bucal en pacientes remitidos a la consulta de máxilo facial, de la clínica estomatológica del policlínico “Luis Aldana Palomino”, durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2010 a diciembre de 2012, en el municipio Amancio. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 63 personas remitidas al referido servicio. La muestra quedó conformada por los 32 pacientes diagnosticados con lesiones malignas y premalignas. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, tipo de lesión, factores de riesgo y localización anatómica de las mismas. Predominaron los pacientes del grupo de edad de 35-59 años, del sexo masculino, así como la lesiones premalignas; se comprobó que la totalidad de las lesiones malignas fueron carcinomas epidermoides y la mayoría de las lesiones premalignas leucoplasias; el factor de riesgo predominante fue el hábito de fumar y las lesiones se encontraron localizadas fundamentalmente en el labio inferior

  18. Estudio de la prevalencia de patología oral en una población institucionalizada de disminuidos psíquicos

    OpenAIRE

    López López, José

    1990-01-01

    [spa] En la presente tesis se pretende realizar un estudio detallado de la prevalencia en patología oral, haciendo especial énfasis en la afectación dental y periodontal; y en menor medida, en otras patologías de tejidos duros y blandos de la cavidad oral. El estudio está referido a una población de deficientes mentales ingresados en una institución. Inicialmente se hace reflexión sobre el grado de atención oral en una población minusválida en comparación con la población general. Luego se an...

  19. Higiene oral e prevalência de cárie dentária em crianças e adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Joana Márcia Lameiro

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A cárie dentária é uma das doenças mais prevalentes da cavidade oral e afecta cerca de 90% da população mundial. Isto deve-se não só a factores determinantes biológicos que interagem na etiologia desta doença, mas também a condições sociais, económicas, políticas e educacionais. A promoção da saúde oral torna-se fundamental na infância/adolescência, conduzindo à aquisição de comportamentos individuais e à consciencialização da necessidade de uma higiene oral eficaz para manter a s...

  20. Caracterización microambiental de la Cueva de Pozalagua (Vizcaya: aplicación a la gestión y protección de cavidades turísticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuezva, S.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available There are summarized the data obtained after monitoring some microenvironmental parameters in the Pozalagua cave from 1st April 2001 to 1st july 2002. The singularity of this show cave is because the high amount of helictites type speleothems. Host rock, speleothems and infiltration waters have been analysed as well as the effect of the visits into the cave have been evaluated. It is stated that visits influence the temperature and CO2 levels inside the cave and the natural system need some time in recover from this changes. During massive visits increase in cave temperature is over the natural annual thermal oscillation. Management guidelines focused in visits schedule have been proposed in order to minimize the effects of the visits and to keep the cave microenvironment near the natural conditions.Se presentan los datos obtenidos tras el registro en continuo de diversos parámetros microambientales en la Cueva de Pozalagua (Vizcaya durante el período del 1 de abril de 2001 al 1 de julio de 2002. La singularidad de esta cueva turística se debe a la alta presencia de espeleotemas tipo excéntricas o helictitas. Tras la caracterización de la roca encajante y diversos espeleotemas, así como de la hidroquímica de las aguas de infiltración que circulan por la misma, se ha evaluado el efecto que tienen las visitas turísticas en esta cavidad. Se constata que las visitas influyen claramente en la temperatura de la cavidad y en los niveles de CO2 de la misma, de lo que el sistema natural tarda tiempo en recuperarse. En períodos de visitas masivas se ha comprobado que el incremento de temperatura que se produce en la cavidad es superior a la oscilación térmica natural de la misma durante un ciclo anual. Se proponen medidas de gestión de la cavidad, principalmente enfocadas a optimizar el régimen de visitas, que minimicen el impacto de las mismas y que permitan mantener las condiciones microambientales de la cavidad cercanas a las condiciones

  1. Biomarcadores de cáncer oral en saliva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.V. Madera Anaya

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisión muestra los principales biomarcadores de cáncer oral en saliva. El aspecto clínico y el grado de displasia de las lesiones precancerosas de la cavidad bucal sugieren su capacidad de malignidad; sin embargo, éstas generalmente son diagnosticadas en estadios avanzados, disminuyendo la probabilidad de supervivencia, lo que justifica el diseño de nuevas pruebas diagnósticas que determinen el grado de alteración celular, permitan comprender el proceso degenerativo en el cáncer y establezcan diagnósticos precoz. Esta búsqueda para mejorar los métodos diagnósticos, apunta a que sean sensibles, específicos y menos invasivos, por lo cual el estudio de diferentes biomarcadores en saliva que desde una perspectiva molecular proporcionan información adicional al examen clínico e histopatológico, es considerada como una alternativa eficaz y más cómoda con respecto a los ensayos en sangre. Los biomarcadores que se han descrito en saliva algunos mostrando mayor relación con la carcinogénesis oral son: Ciclina D1, cyfra 21-1, endotelina-1, galectinas 1, 3 y 7, Ki67, lactato deshidrogenasa, metaloproteinasas 2 y 9, proteína p53, proteína de unión a calcio (S100P y telomerasa.

  2. Prolonged urinary leakage in the postoperative period of renal hydatic cyst treatment with oral desmopressin: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceylan Cavit

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Prolonged extravasation after renal and ureter surgeries is a bothersome situation for both the patient and the doctor. It is usually related to the suture line not being watertight. The contact between urine and the edges of the wound also delay healing of the wound. In this situation, the first thing to do is to break the contact between the wound and the urine by inserting an adequate stent. Sometimes, this process is not enough. We approached this problem with a different treatment method for a case involving prolonged drainage. Case presentation A 52-year-old Caucasian woman who presented at our clinic with right flank pain was operated on due to a renal hydatic cyst, and cyst removal was performed. On follow-up, prolonged urinary leakage was observed and a desmopressin treatment was started on the patient. Drainage was greatly reduced after desmopressin was started and there was no drainage on the fifth day. Conclusion Prolonged extravasation is a bothersome situation and there can be many reasons for this. Whenever traditional approaches are not enough, oral desmopressin therapy can be started reliably if there are no contraindications for the patient. Eventually, contact between urine and the suture site will cease and therefore the fever and healing time will be shortened.

  3. The diagnostic contribution of computed tomography in intranasal carcinoma with retrobulbar, oral and brain invasion in a canine: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intranasal tumors are uncommon and in most cases are malignant, aggressive and with low to moderate potential for metastasis. Clinical signs are usually caused by progressive obstruction of the upper airways. The test cytopathological also is a diagnosis method, but the definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological. Computed tomography (CT) is recommended to treatment planning. A poodle was attended at the veterinary hospital with a clinical history of epistaxis and nasal and ocular secretions, seizures and severe dyspnoea. The animal underwent to radiographic examination of the chest and skull as well as helical computed tomography of the nasal cavity and brain before and after the administration of intravenous contrast. The CT findings revealed an expansive bilateral nasal cavity neoformation, with involvement of the retrobulbar space, right frontal sinus, brain and oral cavity, suggesting a neoplastic or an infectious process. The CT examination allowed the material collection, directly from the mass, to cytological examination, providing the diagnosis of carcinoma. CT also allowed the determination of the unfavorable prognosis of the patient and the treatment planning which not included the surgical excision of the neoformation. Although CT was not conclusive in the diagnosis of carcinoma, it was essential to accurately define the extent of the lesion, to guide the collection of material directly from the tumor and to determine the prognosis of the animal, proving to be an extremely useful tool in cases of tumors intranasal in dogs. (author)

  4. Oral coatings: a study on the formation, clearance and perception

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Camacho, S.

    2015-01-01

    Oral coatings are residues of food and beverages that coat the oral mucosa after consumption. Several studies have reported on the lubrication properties in mouth, and the after-feel and after-taste impact of oral coatings. Further, oral coatings have been suggested to influence subsequent taste per

  5. History of oral contraception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhont, Marc

    2010-12-01

    On the 50th birthday of the pill, it is appropriate to recall the milestones which have led to its development and evolution during the last five decades. The main contraceptive effect of the pill being inhibition of ovulation, it may be called a small miracle that this drug was developed long before the complex regulation of ovulation and the menstrual cycle was elucidated. Another stumbling block on its way was the hostile climate with regard to contraception that prevailed at the time. Animal experiments on the effect of sex steroids on ovulation, and the synthesis of sex steroids and orally active analogues were the necessary preliminaries. We owe the development of oral contraceptives to a handful of persons: two determined feminists, Margaret Sanger and Katherine McCormick; a biologist, Gregory Pincus; and a gynaecologist, John Rock. Soon after the introduction of the first pills, some nasty and life-threatening side effects emerged, which were due to the high doses of sex steroids. This led to the development of new preparations with reduced oestrogen content, progestins with more specific action, and alternative administration routes. Almost every decade we have witnessed a breakthrough in oral contraception. Social and moral objections to birth control have gradually disappeared and, notwithstanding some pill scares, oral contraceptives are now one of the most used methods of contraception. Finally, all's well that ends well: recent reports have substantiated the multiple noncontraceptive health benefits paving the way for a bright future for this 50-year-old product. PMID:21091163

  6. Oral myiasis caused by Chrysomya bezziana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankari Leena

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral myiasis is a rare disease caused by larvae of certain dipteran flies. It is mostly reported in developing countries and in the tropics. Herein, a case of oral myiasis in the maxillary anterior region of a 14-year-old mentally challenged boy is being reported. The myiasis was caused by the larvae of Chrysomya bezziana species. The clinical findings are presented. Etiology and the importance of oral health in special people are also discussed.

  7. Tuberculosis involving the oral cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Ferguson, Kathleen A.; McCormack, David G

    1993-01-01

    The oral cavity is a rare site for extrapulmonary tuberculosis. A case is reported of a young woman with dysphagia and oral ulceration. The original mucosal biopsy was negative on smear for acid-fast bacilli, and the patient subsequently developed pulmonary symptoms. A diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was ultimately made on open lung biopsy. Complete resolution of both mouth lesion and chest involvement occurred with standard antituberculous therapy.

  8. Oral cysticercosis: a clinical dilemma

    OpenAIRE

    Wanjari, Sangeeta Panjab; Patidar, Kalpana A; Parwani, Rajkumar N; Satyajitraje A Tekade

    2013-01-01

    Cysticercosis is a potentially fatal parasitic disease caused by cysticercus cellulosae, the larval stage of Taenia solium. Oral cysticercosis is a rare entity and represents difficulty in clinical diagnosis. This article reports two cases of oral cysticercosis involving buccal and labial mucosa. Both the cases presented with solitary, nodular swelling that had been clinically diagnosed as a mucocele. Histopathology of excisional biopsy revealed it to be cysticercosis. Single, cystic nodular ...

  9. Oral / response

    OpenAIRE

    Bartram, Angela; O'Neill, Mary

    2012-01-01

    The performance ‘Oral/Response’ joins an artist, Angela Bartram and a theorist, Mary O’Neill in research to analyse the dynamic, but often disjointed relationship between the live experience and its documentation by positioning both elements within the performance. Traditionally, the documentation of performance is a record left to stand for the work after the event that demonstrates an out of time viewpoint, which is a problem for ephemeral practice whose intention is to be ‘live’ and in the...

  10. Interleukin-37 expression and its potential role in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Lin Lin; Jiayi Wang; Dongjuan Liu; Sai Liu; Hao Xu; Ning Ji; Min Zhou; Xin Zeng; Dunfang Zhang; Jing Li; Qianming Chen

    2016-01-01

    Interleukin 37 (IL-37) has been reported to play a significant role in innate immune response and to be involved in several kinds of cancers. However, the investigation of association between IL-37 and oral mucosa carcinogenesis hasn't been clearly established. The aim of the study was to assess IL-37 expression and explore its role in oral mucosa carcinogenesis. The expression of IL-37 increased from normal control (NC) to Oral leukoplakia (OLK) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Moreo...

  11. Acurácia da histeroscopia na avaliação da cavidade uterina em pacientes com sangramento uterino pós-menopausa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machado Maria Karenina N.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar a acurácia da histeroscopia como método de estudo da cavidade uterina de pacientes com sangramento na pós-menopausa. MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo transversal, que consistiu na avaliação de 78 prontuários de pacientes menopausadas com queixa de sangramento, no período de janeiro de 2000 a junho de 2002 no Centro Estadual de Oncologia do Estado da Bahia, submetidas à histeroscopia com biópsia de endométrio. Os achados histeroscópicos foram classificados como benignos (miomas, pólipos, atrofia, normal e suspeitos (espessamento, hiperplasias e câncer e os achados histopatológicos como benignos (miomas, pólipos, atrofia, hiperplasia típica e malignos (hiperplasia atípica e câncer. Os resultados da histeroscopia foram comparados com os exames histopatológicos. RESULTADOS: em relação aos achados suspeitos (espessamento, hiperplasias e câncer, a sensibilidade da histeroscopia foi de 85,7% e a especificidade de 88,7%, quando comparados à histopatologia. O valor preditivo positivo foi de 42,8% e o negativo 98,4%. A razão de probabilidades do teste positivo e a razão de probabilidades do teste negativo foram respectivamente 7,6 e 0,16. A acuidade da histeroscopia foi de 88,4% e o índice kappa 0,5. CONCLUSÃO: a histeroscopia isoladamente não apresentou, no presente estudo, acurácia aceitável, reforçando o conceito de que sua principal vantagem é dirigir a biópsia, devendo sempre estar associada ao diagnóstico histopatológico.

  12. FLUJO INTERNO MIXTO CON DIFUSIÓN DOBLE DE CALOR Y MASA EN UNA CAVIDAD RECTANGULAR MIXED INTERNAL FLOW WITH DOUBLE DIFFUSION OF HEAT AND MASS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos H Salinas Lira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra resultados de transporte de calor y masa (Doble al interior de una cavidad rectangular ocasionado por un flujo convectivo forzado y natural (Mixto. El modelo matemático consta de las ecuaciones de Navier-Stokes para describir el flujo laminar de un fluido incompresible. Además es modelado el transporte de calor y masa a través de dos ecuaciones diferenciales lineales de segunda orden, incorporando en forma lineal los efectos de los gradientes de concentración y de temperaturas. El modelo matemático es resuelto numéricamente a través del Método de Volúmenes Finitos descrito en coordenadas curvilíneas y variables colocalizadas, representando los términos difusivos a través de diferencia central y usando un esquema potencial para los términos convectivos. Se muestran resultados originales de patrones de flujo: Isotermas, isoconcentraciones y números de Nusselt y de Sherwood en regiones características para el problema de flujo interno mixto con difusión de calor y masa.The present work shows the relationship of the transport of heat and mass (double in a rectangular cavity caused by a forced and natural convection. The mathematical model consists of the Navier-Stokes equations to describe the incompressible laminar flow. The transport of heat and mass are modelled through two second order no-linear differential equations, incorporating in linear way the effects of gradients of concentrations and temperature. The mathematical problems is solved numerically through the Finite Volumes Method, in curvilinear coordinated and co-located variables, representing the diffusion through central difference and using a potential schemes for the convection terms. Original results of flow models are shown: Isotherms, isoconcentrations and numbers of Nusselt and Sherwood in characteristic regions for the mixed internal flow problem with heat and mass are shown.

  13. Towards understanding oral health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Zaura; J.M. ten Cate

    2015-01-01

    During the last century, dental research has focused on unraveling the mechanisms behind various oral pathologies, while oral health was typically described as the mere absence of oral diseases. The term ‘oral microbial homeostasis' is used to describe the capacity of the oral ecosystem to maintain

  14. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

    OpenAIRE

    Parvin Khadem; Seied Ebrahim Jabarifar; Hajiahmadi Maryam; Sadeghain Susan Susan; Mohamad Safaie

    2013-01-01

      Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to comple...

  15. Chapter Oral Health Advocates: A Nationwide Model for Pediatrician Peer Education and Advocacy about Oral Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Charlotte W; Barone, Lauren; Quinonez, Rocio B; Boulter, Suzanne; Mouradian, Wendy E

    2013-01-01

    Objective. (1) To describe an innovative program training US pediatricians to be Chapter Oral Health Advocates (COHAs). (2) To provide insight into COHAs' experiences disseminating oral health knowledge to fellow pediatricians. Patients and Methods. Interviews with 40 COHAs who responded to an email request, from a total of 64 (62% response). Transcripts were analyzed for common themes about COHA activities, facilitators, and barriers. Results. COHAs reported positive experiences at the AAP oral health training program. A subset of academic COHAs focused on legislative activity and another on resident education about oral health. Residents had an easier time adopting oral health activities while practicing pediatricians cited time constraints. COHAs provided insights into policy, barriers, and facilitators for incorporating oral health into practice. Conclusions. This report identifies factors influencing pediatricians' adoption of oral health care into practice. COHAs reported successes in training peers on integrating oral health into pediatric practice, identified opportunities and challenges to oral health implementation in primary care, and reported issues about the state of children's oral health in their communities. With ongoing support, the COHA program has a potential to improve access to preventive oral health services in the Medical Home and to increase referrals to a Dental Home. PMID:24228032

  16. Chapter Oral Health Advocates: A Nationwide Model for Pediatrician Peer Education and Advocacy about Oral Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte W. Lewis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. (1 To describe an innovative program training US pediatricians to be Chapter Oral Health Advocates (COHAs. (2 To provide insight into COHAs’ experiences disseminating oral health knowledge to fellow pediatricians. Patients and Methods. Interviews with 40 COHAs who responded to an email request, from a total of 64 (62% response. Transcripts were analyzed for common themes about COHA activities, facilitators, and barriers. Results. COHAs reported positive experiences at the AAP oral health training program. A subset of academic COHAs focused on legislative activity and another on resident education about oral health. Residents had an easier time adopting oral health activities while practicing pediatricians cited time constraints. COHAs provided insights into policy, barriers, and facilitators for incorporating oral health into practice. Conclusions. This report identifies factors influencing pediatricians’ adoption of oral health care into practice. COHAs reported successes in training peers on integrating oral health into pediatric practice, identified opportunities and challenges to oral health implementation in primary care, and reported issues about the state of children’s oral health in their communities. With ongoing support, the COHA program has a potential to improve access to preventive oral health services in the Medical Home and to increase referrals to a Dental Home.

  17. Oral sex, oral health and orogenital infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Saini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral sex is commonly practiced by sexually active male-female and same-gender couples of various ages, including adolescents. The various type of oral sex practices are fellatio, cunnilingus and analingus. Oral sex is infrequently examined in research on adolescents; oral sex can transmit oral, respiratory, and genital pathogens. Oral health has a direct impact on the transmission of infection; a cut in your mouth, bleeding gums, lip sores or broken skin increases chances of infection. Although oral sex is considered a low risk activity, it is important to use protection and safer sex precautions. There are various methods of preventing infection during oral sex such as physical barriers, health and medical issues, ethical issues and oral hygiene and dental issues. The lesions or unhealthy periodontal status of oral cavity accelerates the phenomenon of transmission of infections into the circulation. Thus consequences of unhealthy or painful oral cavity are significant and oral health should be given paramount importance for the practice of oral sex.

  18. Use of oral voriconazole as adjunctive treatment of severe cornea fungal infection: case report Uso do voriconazol oral como tratamento adjuvante da infecção fúngica grave da córnea: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Freda

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A case of Aspergillus flavus keratitis was successfully treated with oral voriconazole and penetrating keratoplasty after conventional antifungal medical therapy failure.O presente trabalho descreve o emprego do voriconazol sistêmico como adjuvante no tratamento de ceratite micótica grave por Aspergillus flavus.

  19. Use of oral voriconazole as adjunctive treatment of severe cornea fungal infection: case report Uso do voriconazol oral como tratamento adjuvante da infecção fúngica grave da córnea: relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Freda

    2006-01-01

    A case of Aspergillus flavus keratitis was successfully treated with oral voriconazole and penetrating keratoplasty after conventional antifungal medical therapy failure.O presente trabalho descreve o emprego do voriconazol sistêmico como adjuvante no tratamento de ceratite micótica grave por Aspergillus flavus.

  20. Oral bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws in rheumatoid arthritis patients: a critical discussion and two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Marcantonio Elcio; Marcantonio Rosemary AC; Spolidorio Luis C; Bastos Alliny S; Conte-Neto Nicolau

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a clinical condition characterized by the presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region. Its pathogenesis is still undetermined, but may be associated with risk factors such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this paper is to report two unpublished cases of BRONJ in patients with RA and to conduct a literature review of similar clinical cases with a view to describe the main issues concerning these pat...

  1. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the mouth for signs of oral cancer. For Patients and the Public Oral Cancer Pamphlet that describes ... step description of the oral cancer examination so patients know what to expect. What You Need to ...

  2. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... video shows what happens during an oral cancer examination. Quick and painless, the exam can detect oral ... Step-by-step description of the oral cancer examination so patients know what to expect. What You ...

  3. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... oral cancer. For Patients and the Public Oral Cancer Pamphlet that describes the risk factors, signs and symptoms of oral cancer, and the importance of detecting the disease in ...

  4. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Text size: Website Contents NIDCR Home Oral Health Diseases and Conditions Gum Disease TMJ Disorders Oral Cancer ... Tooth Decay See All Oral Complications of Systemic Diseases Cancer Treatment Developmental Disabilities Diabetes Heart Disease HIV/ ...

  5. Oral Thrush (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Oral Thrush Symptoms Prevention Treatment en español Candidiasis bucal About Oral Thrush Oral thrush is a ... digestive tract can overgrow and lead to an infection. Candida overgrowth also causes diaper rash and vaginal (yeast) ...

  6. Oral Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Quit General Information About Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer Oral cavity cancer and oropharyngeal cancer are diseases in ... about how you might lower your risk of cancer. Oral cavity cancer and oropharyngeal cancer are two different ...

  7. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Tips Careers & Training Fellowships and Internships for... High School and College Students Recent College Graduates Dental and ... Oral Cancer > Oral Cancer Exam Video Oral Cancer Exam Video This video shows what happens during an ...

  8. Correlation of oral hygiene practices, smoking and oral health conditions with self perceived halitosis amongst undergraduate dental students

    OpenAIRE

    Setia, Saniya; Pannu, Parampreet; Gambhir, Ramandeep Singh; Galhotra, Virat; Ahluwalia, Pooja; Sofat, Anjali

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of oral hygiene practices, smoking habits and halitosis among undergraduate dental students and correlating the oral hygiene practices, oral health conditions to the prevalence of self perceived oral malodour. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among 277 male and female students. A questionnaire was developed to assess the self-reported perception of oral breath, awareness of bad brea...

  9. Oral delivery of anticancer drugs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thanki, Kaushik; Gangwal, Rahul P; Sangamwar, Abhay T;

    2013-01-01

    The present report focuses on the various aspects of oral delivery of anticancer drugs. The significance of oral delivery in cancer therapeutics has been highlighted which principally includes improvement in quality of life of patients and reduced health care costs. Subsequently, the challenges...... incurred in the oral delivery of anticancer agents have been especially emphasized. Sincere efforts have been made to compile the various physicochemical properties of anticancer drugs from either literature or predicted in silico via GastroPlus™. The later section of the paper reviews various emerging...... trends to tackle the challenges associated with oral delivery of anticancer drugs. These invariably include efflux transporter based-, functional excipient- and nanocarrier based-approaches. The role of drug nanocrystals and various others such as polymer based- and lipid based-nanocarriers in the...

  10. Isoxsuprine Oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately: rash fast heartbeat chest pain If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting ...

  11. ESTUDIO NUMÉRICO DE LA CONVECCIÓN NATURAL EN UNA CAVIDAD CUADRADA EN 2-D CON INTERFASE FLUIDO-MEDIO POROSO Y GENERACIÓN DE CALOR

    OpenAIRE

    H. Jiménez-Islas; M. Calderón-Ramírez; J. L. Navarrete-Bolaños; J. E. Botello-Álvarez; G. M. Martínez-González; F. López-Isunza

    2009-01-01

    Se estudió numéricamente el fenómeno de convección natural bidimensional en una cavidad cuadrada que contiene dos regiones horizontales formadas por un fluido homogéneo y un medio poroso isótropo, el cual presenta generación de calor. Para la modelación, se utilizó el enfoque de dominio simple con un parámetro binario para que las ecuaciones de momentum y de energía tengan validez en todo el dominio. Las ecuaciones de transporte se discretizaron mediante colocación ortogonal y el sistema de...

  12. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Main Content National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) Improving the Nation's Oral ... Disorders Oral Cancer Dry Mouth Burning Mouth Tooth Decay See All ...

  13. Oral Sexual Experience among Young Adolescents Receiving General Health Examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Howard, Donna E.

    2002-01-01

    Surveyed young adolescents receiving general health examinations regarding oral sex occurrence. Overall, 18 percent reported having oral sex, and of that 18 percent, 25 percent reported no vaginal sex. Few adolescents used barrier protection during oral sex. Most adolescents thought that penile-anal sex could transmit HIV, but only 68 percent…

  14. Improving Oral Communication Skills of Students in Food Science Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reitmeier, C. A.; Svendsen, L. K.; Vrchota, D. A.

    2004-01-01

    Communication activities about food evaluation were incorporated into food preparation courses. Oral reports replaced quizzes and an oral presentation replaced the final exam. A rubric was developed to help students evaluate ingredient functions, procedures, techniques, temperatures, and sensory evaluation. Oral report scores, self-evaluations,…

  15. Aetiology of Oral Cancer in the Sudan

    OpenAIRE

    Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives To review the studied risk factors that linked to aetiology of oral cancer in the Sudan. There have been numerous reports in the increase in the incidence of oral cancer from various parts of the world. A recent trend for a rising incidence of oral cancer, with the absence of the well established risk factors, has raised concern. Although, there are inconsistent data on incidence and demographical factors, studies suggest that the physiologic response to risk factors by me...

  16. Oral health information from the dentist to the diabetologist

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Ahdi; W.J. Teeuw; H.G.T.A. Meeuwissen; J.B.L. Hoekstra; V.E.A. Gerdes; B.G. Loos; E.W. Meesters

    2015-01-01

    Background Diabetes care includes annual evaluation of micro- and macrovascular complications, however, oral pathologies are not included. We studied retrieving oral health information, in particular periodontal disease, from the dentist and studied the association between the reported periodontal c

  17. Interim report of the DOE [Department of Energy] Type B Investigation Group: Appendix C, Oral statements about the RSI [Radiation Sterilizers, Inc.] incident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sometime between April 28, 1988, and June 5, 1988, a 22-inch long by 2.625-inch diameter doubly encapsulated cesium-137 irradiation source began leaking in the RSI-Decatur, Georgia, irradiation facility. By November 1988 when the source was isolated, between 7 and 8 curies (0.4 grams) leaked. This source was one of 1576 produced at Hanford to isolate the highly radioactive elements of wastes stored in single-walled tanks there. The capsule was designed for long term storage in a benign controlled pool environment on the Hanford reservation. An investigation was conducted to evaluate the cause of the incident, the management and administrative matters including leasing and licensing, the capsule design and manufacture, and the capsule qualification process. This Appendix presents transcripts of oral testimony taken during this investigation and is include as an integral part of the factual data upon which the Findings of this report are based. The transcriptions in every case were made available to the individuals involved for correction of factual misstatements and to be cleaned of verbal idiosyncrasies that detract from the meaning of the text

  18. Desfechos perinatais e alterações na cavidade bucal: coortes brasileiras de Ribeirão Preto e São Luís

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Estudos vêm mostrando uma possível associação das doenças bucais no período gestacional com o nascimento pré-termo (NPT e o baixo peso ao nascer (BPN. Esses desfechos perinatais parecem se associar com defeitos de desenvolvimento do esmalte (DDE na dentição decídua, que, por sua vez, parecem predispor ao desenvolvimento futuro de lesões de cárie nas crianças. Assim, é relevante a inclusão de variáveis de saúde bucal do binômio mãe/filho nos estudos de coorte para a compreensão de como esses fatores se associam. Os objetivos deste estudo são: 1 verificar se existe associação entre doenças da cavidade bucal da gestante e o NPT; 2 testar a hipótese de associação entre desfechos perinatais e defeitos de esmalte/cárie dentária nas crianças; 3 analisar se existem associações entre desfechos perinatais e distúrbios de erupção dentária nas crianças; 4 construir modelos teóricos para estudo das iniquidades sociais como fator comum entre os desfechos perinatais e condições bucais. Utilizou-se abordagem integrada e colaborativa entre duas cidades brasileiras com condições socioeconômicas contrastantes: São Luís, MA; e Ribeirão Preto, SP - estudo BRISA (Brazilian Birth Cohort Studies, Ribeirão Preto-São Luís . Duas coortes foram avaliadas: uma iniciada ao nascimento, representativa da população de nascidos vivos; e outra iniciada no pré-natal. Os participantes foram reavaliados a partir do início do segundo ano de vida. Espera-se que estas coortes contribuam para fomentar o desenvolvimento e consolidação de pesquisas de seguimento, de base populacional, no Brasil.

  19. The Effect of Recombinant Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor on Oral and Periodontal Manifestations in a Patient with Cyclic Neutropenia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Matarasso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Cyclic Neutropenia (CN is characterized by recurrent infections, fever, oral ulcerations, and severe periodontitis as result of the reduced host defences. The previous studies have established the effectiveness of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF to increase the number and the function of neutrophils in the peripheral blood in this disease. In a 20-year-old Caucasian female with a diagnosis of cyclic neutropenia, oral clinical examination revealed multiple painful ulcerations of the oral mucosa, poor oral hygiene conditions, marginal gingivitis, and moderate periodontitis. The patient received a treatment with G-CSF (Pegfilgrastim, 6 mg/month in order to improve her immunological status. Once a month nonsurgical periodontal treatment was carefully performed when absolute neutrophil count (ANC was ≥500/L. The treatment with G-CSF resulted in a rapid increase of circulating neutrophils that, despite its short duration, leaded to a reduction in infection related events and the resolution of the multiple oral ulcerations. The disappearance of oral pain allowed an efficacy nonsurgical treatment and a normal tooth brushing that determined a reduction of probing depth (PD≤4 mm and an improvement of the oral hygiene conditions recorded at 6-month follow-up.

  20. Validez y fiabilidad de la versión española de la guía de valoración oral (OAG) en pacientes con cáncer

    OpenAIRE

    C. Oroviogoicoechea; Carvajal, A.; M.A. Soteras; E. Beortegui; C. de la Hera; M.A. Aznárez

    2015-01-01

    Fundamento: El instrumento Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) es una herramienta diseñada y ampliamente utilizada para evaluar problemas de la mucosa oral en pacientes con cáncer, sin embargo no está validada en español. El objetivo de este trabajo es traducir y validar al español la escala de la valoración de la cavidad oral (OAG) diseñada por Eilers. Método: El proceso de traducción se realizó utilizando el método de traducción retrotraducción por bilingües. El estudio se llevó a cabo en pacientes...

  1. Czech society during the so-called normalization and transformation via oral history. Biographic narratives of Czech(oslovak) firefighters - A case study report

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bortlová, Hana

    Buenos Aires: Dirección General Patrimonio e Instituto Histórico, 2012 - (Barela, L.) ISBN 978-987-1642-17-5. [Conferencia internacional de historia oral. Los retos de la historia oral en el siglo XXI: diversidadese, desigualdades y la construcción de identidades /17./. Buenos Aires (AR), 03.09.2012-07.09.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP410/11/1352 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : cold war * memory and oral history * Czechoslovak fire fighters Subject RIV: AB - History

  2. Estudio in vitro del efecto de la curcumina, el licopeno y la irradiación sobre el carcinoma oral de células escamosas

    OpenAIRE

    Tudela Mulero, María del Rosario

    2012-01-01

    El carcinoma oral de células escamosas (COCE) es el más común en la cavidad oral. Actualmente está aumentando el uso de productos naturales como anticancerígenos. Nosotros, desarrollamos un estudio in vitro para evaluar el efecto de la curcumina, licopeno e irradiación sobre COCE. La curcumina y el licopeno fueron administrados a dosis de 3, 4.25, 5.50 y 6.75 µM sobre cultivos de la línea celular PE/CA-PJ15 de COCE irradiados a diferentes dosis (1, 2.5 y 5 Gy), seguido de la evaluación sobre ...

  3. Oral Myiasis Caused by Chrysomya bezziana in Anterior Maxilla

    OpenAIRE

    Ankur Aggarwal; M Jonathan Daniel; Raju Singam Shetty; Boddu Naresh Kumar; Sumalatha, C. H.; Srikanth, E.; Shalu Rai; Rohit Malik

    2014-01-01

    Oral myiasis is a rare pathology and is associated with poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, suppurating lesions, and severe halitosis. It arises from invasion of body tissues or cavities of living animals by maggots or larvae of certain dipterian flies. It is mostly reported in developing countries and in the tropics. We hereby report a rare case of oral myiasis in a 70-year-old female with extensive necrotic oral lesion burrowing into the hard palate through which numerous live maggots ...

  4. Mesoridazine Oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... control eye pain or discoloration difficulty breathing or fast breathing skin rash yellowing of the skin or eyes If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting ...

  5. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Search Text size: Website Contents NIDCR Home Oral Health Diseases and Conditions Gum Disease TMJ Disorders Oral Cancer Dry Mouth Burning Mouth Tooth Decay See All Oral Complications of Systemic Diseases Cancer Treatment Developmental ... Health Professionals Detecting Oral Cancer: A Guide for Health ...

  6. Reimplante intencional en diente geminado con lesión endoperio tipo IV: Reporte de caso Intentional replantation gemina injured in tooth type IV endoperio: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.S. Rodríguez Rodríguez

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En los dientes con geminación y lesiones periapicales no resueltas después de un tratamiento endodóntico se debe pensar no solo en un diagnostico endodóntico sino también periodontal, ya que estos dientes en el intento de separación pueden presentar surcos o fisuras que van desde el borde incisal hasta la raíz convirtiéndose en un canal de comunicación entre la zona apical y la cavidad oral. Para realizar el plan de tratamiento se debe tener en cuenta: sintomatología persistente, posterior a la terapia endodóntica, persistencia de fístula, lesión periapical de gran tamaño, bolsa periodontal, anatomía radicular palatina del órgano dentario (presunto canal palatino, y que la anatomía del diente sea favorable para realizar el procedimiento. La extracción y reimplante intencional es el tratamiento indicado en casos donde el tratamiento endodóntico fracasa y por la anomalía dental, la cirugía periapical también fallaría porque solo se eliminaría la lesión momentáneamente más no la que lo causa que es la comunicación entre la cavidad oral y la zona apical. Sin embargo, se sabe que esta opción de tratamiento puede traer riesgos y beneficios, incluyendo pérdida del diente o una posible anquilosis y con una de tasa de éxito del 42,9%. El presenta caso clínico describe la extracción y reimplante intencional en un diente geminado con una lesión periapical persistente de origen periodontal, con sintomatología y fístula, posterior a tratamiento endodóntico complejo, su evolución y éxito.In teeth with gemination and unresolved periapical lesions after endodontic treatment we must think not only in diagnosis but also periodontal endodontic, as these teeth in the attempt of separation may have grooves or cracks that go from the incisal edge to root becoming a channel of communication between the apical and oral cavity. To make the treatment plan should take into account: persistent symptoms, after endodontic therapy

  7. Cavidades moldantes produzidas por estereolitografia

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Duarte Jorge Brito Antunes

    2007-01-01

    Tese de mestrado em Projecto e Fabrico de Moldes Os processos de prototipagem rápida (RP-Rapid Prototyping) têm permitido a introdução de peças mais rapidamente no mercado e o fabrico de protótipos ou de pequenas séries com custos reduzidos. As ferramentas de prototipagem rápida (RP) surgiram no final dos anos 80 e permitem construir modelos 3D muito rapidamente. A Estereolitografia (SL) foi patenteada em 1986 pela empresa 3D Systems, sendo o processo de prototipagem rápida ...

  8. Relleno de cavidades óseas en cirugía maxilofacial con materiales aloplásticos Bone cavity filling with alloplastic material in maxillofacial surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ochandiano Caicoya

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available En los estudios de regeneración ósea se distinguen dos tipos de defectos, los que carecen de capacidad de regeneración espontánea durante toda la vida del individuo (defectos de tamaño crítico y los que sí que poseen dicha capacidad (de tamaño no crítico, siempre que aportemos las condiciones adecuadas, estabilización del coágulo, mantenimiento del espacio y reposo mecánico (concepto de regeneración ósea guiada. En esta controversia revisamos el defecto óseo del seno maxilar y las cavidades residuales postquistectomía, ambos defectos de tamaño no crítico que conservan varias de sus paredes. En la elevación de seno muchos autores concluían que era necesario aportar siempre hueso autólogo en el material de injerto, bien en solitario o en distintas mezclas con biomateriales en proporciones no definidas, 50:50, 20:80 etc. La evidencia clínica y la que recoge la literatura en los últimos años contradice esa conclusión y ya se afirma que los biomateriales en exclusiva en el seno maxilar consiguen resultados equiparables al hueso autólogo siempre que se aumente el periodo de osificación. Repasamos nuevos estudios que incluso discuten la necesidad de utilizar ningún tipo de injerto para conseguir neoformación ósea dentro del seno maxilar. Los resultados en el defecto óseo de cavidades residuales postquistectomía, en las que consigamos mantener varias de sus paredes, son todavía más concluyentes. El mejor tratamiento de esos defectos es el cierre directo de la mucosa y esperar a la regeneración espontánea del defecto. La utilización de hueso autólogo es innecesaria y si aportamos biomateriales tampoco conseguimos un mejor comportamiento biomecánico del hueso residual, retrasamos la osificación y aumentamos el número de complicaciones. Sólo los defectos de espesor total pueden beneficiarse de la utilización de membranas. Los defectos que han perdido varias paredes pueden perder su capacidad de regeneración

  9. Avaliação in vitro da microinfiltração em cavidades de classe V restauradas com diferentes combinações de resina composta e cimento de ionômero de vidro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZANATA Régia Luzia

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste estudo foi comparar o padrão de microinfiltração em restaurações classe V usando diferentes combinações de cimento ionomérico/resina composta. Cinqüenta cavidades foram preparadas nas superfícies vestibular e lingual de caninos e de pré-molares recém-extraídos. A margem gengival dos preparos estendeu-se até a dentina/cemento, e a margem oclusal localizou-se em esmalte. As cavidades foram restauradas como se segue: cimentos ionoméricos restauradores modificados por componentes resinosos (Fuji II LC e Vitremer; sistema adesivo/resina composta (Scotchbond Multi-Uso/Silux Plus; técnica sanduíche empregando-se o sistema adesivo/resina composta descrito, com um cimento ionomérico forrador (Vitrebond e GC Lining LC. Os espécimes foram armazenados em água destilada, polidos, submetidos à ciclagem térmica e imersos em fucsina. A extensão de penetração do corante foi classificada segundo o critério de escores, e os dados foram analisados estatisticamente, não sendo observadas diferenças significativas tanto entre materiais como entre margens.

  10. Avaliação in vitro da microinfiltração em cavidades de classe V restauradas com diferentes combinações de resina composta e cimento de ionômero de vidro In vitro evaluation of marginal leakage in class V restorations using different combinations of composite resin and glass ionomer cement

    OpenAIRE

    Zanata, Régia Luzia; PALMA Regina Guenka; Navarro, Maria Fidela de Lima

    1998-01-01

    O propósito deste estudo foi comparar o padrão de microinfiltração em restaurações classe V usando diferentes combinações de cimento ionomérico/resina composta. Cinqüenta cavidades foram preparadas nas superfícies vestibular e lingual de caninos e de pré-molares recém-extraídos. A margem gengival dos preparos estendeu-se até a dentina/cemento, e a margem oclusal localizou-se em esmalte. As cavidades foram restauradas como se segue: cimentos ionoméricos restauradores modificados por componente...

  11. Estudio comparativo de las capacidades de adaptación de una resina compuesta en cavidades clase I in vitro, preparadas con instrumental de alta rotación y con láser Er:YAG en primeros molares y premolares permanentes

    OpenAIRE

    Cantarini, Luis Martín

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo principal, establecer la capacidad de adaptación de una resina compuesta en cavidades clase I in vitro preparadas con instrumental de alta rotación y con láser de Er: YAG en los primeros molares y premolares. Específicamente se propone, a) evaluar la desadaptación de la interfaz entre el material restaurador y diente receptor, en cavidades elaboradas con láser de Er:YAG y con instrumental rotatorio de alta rotación al Microscopio Olympus LEXT OLS4...

  12. Arresting rampant dental caries with silver diamine fluoride in a young teenager suffering from chronic oral graft versus host disease post-bone marrow transplantation: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Chun-Hung; Lee, Angeline Hui-Cheng; Zheng, Liwu; Mei, May Lei; Chan, Godfrey Chi-fung

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Rampant caries is an advanced and severe dental disease that affects multiple teeth. This case describes the management of rampant caries in a young teenager suffering from chronic oral graft versus host disease after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old Chinese boy suffering from beta-thalassemia major was referred to the dental clinic for the management of rampant dental caries. An oral examination revealed pale conjunctiva, bruising of lips, ...

  13. Reliability of self-reported toothbrushing frequency as an indicator for the assessment of oral hygiene in epidemiological research on caries in adolescents: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Gil, Giovana S; Morikava, Francine S; Santin, Gabriela C; Pintarelli, Tatiana P; Fraiz, Fabian C; Ferreira, Fernanda M.

    2015-01-01

    Background In the present state of knowledge regarding the etiology of dental caries, it is unacceptable for studies addressing factors associated with this outcome to disregard oral hygiene. Simple, valid methods are needed for the assessment of oral hygiene in adolescents to allow this condition to be properly investigated in epidemiological studies on caries and assist in the establishment of health promotion measures. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the self-r...

  14. Aboriginal Oral Traditions of Australian Impact Craters

    CERN Document Server

    Hamacher, Duane W

    2013-01-01

    We explore Aboriginal oral traditions that relate to Australian meteorite craters. Using the literature, first-hand ethnographic records, and fieldtrip data, we identify oral traditions and artworks associated with four impact sites: Gosses Bluff, Henbury, Liverpool, and Wolfe Creek. Oral traditions describe impact origins for Gosses Bluff and Wolfe Creek craters and non-impact origins of Liverpool and Henbury craters, with Wolfe Creek stories having both impact and non-impact origins. Three impact sites that are believed to have formed during human habitation of Australia - Dalgaranga, Veevers, and Boxhole - do not have associated oral traditions that are reported in the literature.

  15. Aboriginal oral traditions of Australian impact craters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamacher, Duane W.; Goldsmith, John

    2013-11-01

    In this paper we explore Aboriginal oral traditions that relate to Australian meteorite craters. Using the literature, first-hand ethnographic records and field trip data, we identify oral traditions and artworks associated with four impact sites: Gosses Bluff, Henbury, Liverpool and Wolfe Creek. Oral traditions describe impact origins for Gosses Bluff, Henbury and Wolfe Creek Craters, and non-impact origins for Liverpool Crater, with Henbury and Wolfe Creek stories having both impact and non-impact origins. Three impact sites that are believed to have been formed during human habitation of Australia -- Dalgaranga, Veevers, and Boxhole -- do not have associated oral traditions that are reported in the literature.

  16. Commensal Oral Candida in Asian Cohorts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lakshman Samaranayake

    2009-01-01

    The oral carriage rate of Candida in healthy humans ranges from 40% to 60%. However for a prolonged period, the oral candidal prevalence in humans was documented essentially using data from studies in the West as their prevalence in inhabitants in different regions of the world, including Asia was not known. Yet, recent reports from a number of studies indicate the quality, quantity and prevalence of oral yeasts differ between Asia and other regions for reason that are still unclear. This mini review on such data from Asian studies on oral carriage of Candida provides another intriguing facet of the behavior of this ubiquitous yeast.

  17. Uso da biomembrana de látex em cavidade exenterada: relato de caso The use of latex biomembrane in exenteration: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Fugimoto; Ana Carolina Jervásio; Alexandre Kazuo Misawa; Renato Garcia; Suzana Matayoshi

    2007-01-01

    A membrana de látex é um material extraído da Hevea brasiliensis, e devido às suas propriedades neoangiogênicas, de adesão celular e formação de matriz extracelular, é utilizada em recobrimentos de úlceras, meringoplastias e outras feridas, com sucesso. Neste caso descrevemos seu uso, inédito, na ferida pós-exenteração orbitária por carcinoma basocelular em paciente do sexo masculino, 72 anos, procedente da Bahia com lesão na pálpebra do olho esquerdo há dois anos com prurido, sangramento, la...

  18. Oral cancer knowledge among Turkish dental patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melda Misirlioglu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: To determine the level of oral cancer awareness and knowledge among patients referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology in Central Anatolia. Settings and Design: The study was conducted with 1,125 patients who applied to the school of dentistry for routine dental examinations. The authors collect information with a 20-item written questionnaire from the participants about oral cancer risk factors, epidemiology, etiology, and signs and symptoms. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics of demographic variables and other data were reported as means and percentages. Statistical analysis was performed by means of SPSS +11.0 statistical package. Results: Overall, only 48.9% of all patients showed awareness of oral cancer, with awareness especially poor among lower socioeconomic groups. Awareness of oral cancer risk factors and signs and symptoms did not vary significantly between men and women (P > 0.5; however, older participants (aged 40-64 years were more familiar with oral cancer signs than younger participants. More than half of all participants (56.8% were unaware of the common clinical presentations of oral cancer. Conclusions: The results of this survey showed knowledge regarding oral cancer to be quite low. Thus, educational programs are needed to increase public awareness about oral cancer, and dentists should request patients undergo examinations for oral cancer to ensure early detection.

  19. Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilea, Aranka; Boşca, Bianca; Miclăuş, Viorel; Rus, Vasile; Băbţan, Anida Maria; Mesaros, Anca; Crişan, Bogdan; Câmpian, Radu Septimiu

    2016-02-01

    Oral human papillomavirus infection is rare in children, but the presence of a villous lesion with slow but continuous growth concerns parents, who need information and therapeutic solutions from the physician. All these aspects are discussed based on a case report of a 9-year-old child with an oral human papillomavirus infection. PMID:26588443

  20. Oral cavity and leprosy

    OpenAIRE

    Shambulingappa Pallagatti; Soheyl Sheikh; Anupreet Kaur; Amit Aggarwal; Ravinder Singh2

    2012-01-01

    Although leprosy involves the oral cavity in up to 60% of the patients, examination of the oral cavity in leprosy clinics or oral health science clinics is often neglected. Oral involvement in leprosy can broadly be divided into non-specific and specific lesions. In this review, we discuss various oral manifestations in leprosy patients so as to increase the awareness about this aspect among dermatologists and dental surgeons.

  1. Detecção de HPV na mucosa oral e genital pela técnica PCR em mulheres com diagnóstico histopatológico positivo para HPV genital HPV detection in the oral and genital mucosa of women with positive histopathological exam for genital HPV, by means of the PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Therezita M. Peixoto Patury Galvão Castro

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A infecção do papilomavírus humano (HPV é uma das mais freqüentes doenças sexualmente transmissíveis em todo o mundo. A relação entre o HPV genital e oral permanece incerta, assim como o seu papel na carcinogênese oral. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a presença do DNA do HPV na mucosa oral e genital de mulheres com infecção genital por HPV, pela técnica de reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Coorte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo piloto, prospectivo, com 30 mulheres, idade de 14 a 51 anos, portadoras de infecção genital por HPV confirmada pelo exame de histopatológico. Todas as pacientes foram submetidas a exame e coleta por raspagem da cavidade oral e genital para pesquisa do DNA do HPV pela técnica PCR. RESULTADOS: Nenhuma das amostras da cavidade oral foi positiva para HPV, enquanto no genital, o HPV foi detectado em 17 (57% das 30 pacientes, principalmente o HPV 6b e 16. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram maior porcentagem do HPV genital em relação à cavidade oral, e sugerem que o HPV genital não parece ser fator predisponente para a infecção oral no mesmo paciente.Infection by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases all over the world. The relationship between oral and genital HPV remains uncertain, as it is with its role on oral carcinogenesis. The goal of the present investigation was to check for the presence of HPV DNA in the oral and genital mucosas of women with HPV genital infection, using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR. STUDY METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: this is a pilot and prospective study involving 30 women, aged between 14 and 51 years, with HPV genital infection, confirmed by histopathology. All the patients were submitted to the exam and sample collection by swabbing the oral and genital mucosas in order to test for HPV DNA through the PCR technique. RESULTS: none of the oral

  2. Transtracheal ventilation in oral surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Terry, R M

    1983-01-01

    The use of transtracheal ventilation as a routine method of ventilation during anaesthesia for 60 patients with gross pathology requiring oral surgery is reported. Theoretical hazards of the technique and protection of the airway are discussed. There were no serious complications in this series. The technique is recommended as a simple and safe alternative to blind nasal intubation.

  3. Gaelic Singing and Oral Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, Mark; MacDonald, Iona; Byrne, Charles G.

    2011-01-01

    A recent report by UNESCO placed Scots Gaelic on a list of 2500 endangered languages highlighting the perilous state of a key cornerstone of Scottish culture. Scottish Gaelic song, poems and stories have been carried through oral transmission for many centuries reflecting the power of indigenous peoples to preserve cultural heritage from…

  4. Dientes neonatales: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Neonatal teeth: A case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    A.C.R.A. Souza; C.S. Normandia; L.T. Melo; R. López Alvarenga; L.N. Souza

    2011-01-01

    Los dientes natales y neonatales son anomalías relativamente raras en los recién nacidos, que pueden causar trastornos en la alimentación, ulceraciones traumáticas sublinguales (enfermedad de Riga-Fede) y preocupaciones en cuanto a la aspiración de los mismos. La diferencia entre los dientes natales y neonatales está en el momento de la erupción. Los dientes natales son dientes que aparecen en la cavidad oral en el momento del nacimiento y los dientes neonatales son los que aparecen durante l...

  5. Movimentos involuntários anormais como primeira manifestação do lupus eritematoso sistêmico: relato de caso Involuntary movement disorders as first manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Maria Kakehasi; Carlos Alexandre de Souza Bomtempo; Silviane Vassalo; Renato César Pimenta; Marco Antônio P Carvalho; Francisco Cardoso

    2001-01-01

    Relatamos o caso de uma paciente, de 36 anos de idade, que desenvolveu quadro de coréia após dois meses do início do uso de anticoncepcional oral, acompanhando-se, posteriormente, de trombocitopenia, úlcera mucosa em cavidade oral, artrite, positividade para os anticorpos antinuclear (FAN), anti-DNA e anti-Sm, preenchendo critérios para lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, segundo o Colégio Americano de Reumatologia. A pesquisa para os anticorpos anticoagulante lúpico e anticardiolipina (IgG e IgM) f...

  6. School based oral health promotional intervention: Effect on knowledge, practices and clinical oral health related parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjun Gauba

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: No organized school oral health program is existent in India. Aim: The aim of this study is to test the feasibility and efficacy of an economical school oral health promotional intervention with educational and preventive components. Settings and Design: School oral health promotional intervention carried out in one of the randomly selected school and evaluated through short duration prospective model. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 children with an age range of 10-12 years with no previous history of dental intervention were enrolled. Interventions comprised of oral health education (delivered through lecture and demonstrations by an undergraduate dental student and topical antibacterial therapy (fluoride varnish and povidone iodine. Outcomes consisted of Knowledge and practices (KAP regarding oral health, clinical oral health related parameters such as plaque index (PI, gingival index (GI and caries activity as per Modified Snyder′s test. These were reported at baseline, 3 weeks and 6 months follow-up examination by a calibrated examiner. Statistical Analysis: McNemar Bowker′s test, Student′s t-test, Pearson Chi-square tests were used. Results: Highly significant (P < 0.001 improvements in KAP scores, PI scores, GI scores and caries activity were reported at 3 weeks and 6 months follow-up examination. Conclusion: This small economical school oral health program positively influenced oral health related practices and parameters of oral health such as oral cleanliness, gingival health and caries activity.

  7. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvin Khadem

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to complete the relevant questionnaires. The questionnaires evaluated quality of life in four fields of oral signs, functional deficits and emotional and social health. In order to evaluate child-parent agreement, intra-correlation coefficient (ICC, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were used (α=0.05.   Results: The agreements between PPQ11-14 (parent perception questionnaire, CPQ11-14 (child perception questionnaire and the related fields were 0.81, -0.67. The highest agreement level (ICC=0.83 was related to emotional health (excellent, followed by functional deficits (ICC=0.80, social health (ICC=0.69 and oral signs (ICC=0.64. Pearson's test showed significant correlations between CPQ11-14 and PPQ11-14 (r=0.81 (P<0.01.   Conclusion: Although parents, especially mothers, may be used as proxies for their children in relation to quality of life and related fields, the views of both should be obtained in order to fully represent child oral health-related quality of life issues.

  8. Oral cancer in Libya and development of regional oral cancer registries: A review

    OpenAIRE

    BenNasir, E.; El Mistiri, M.; Mcgowan, R.; Katz, R.V.

    2015-01-01

    The aims of this paper are three-fold: (1) to summarize the current epidemiological data on oral cancer in Libya as reported in the published literature and as compared to other national oral cancer rates in the region; (2) to present both the history of the early development, and future goals, of population-based oral cancer tumor registries in Libya as they partner with the more established regional and international population-based cancer tumor registries; and, (3) to offer recommendation...

  9. Antimicrobial activity of Aegiphila sellowiana Cham., Lamiaceae, against oral pathogens Atividade antimicrobiana de Aegiphila sellowiana Cham., Lamiaceae, contra patógenos orais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcele A. Ferreira

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The antimicrobial activity of Aegiphila sellowiana Cham., Lamiaceae, against oral pathogens is reported. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs for inhibiting the microorganisms growth were determined using the broth microdilution method from the CLSI M7-A7 protocol. Chlorhexidine was used as the positive control. The ethanol crude extract of the aerial parts of A. sellowiana exhibited activity against the microorganisms tested in this work; however, the activity decreased after partition with n-hexane, dichloromethane, and ethyl acetate. Among the tested fractions, the n-hexane fraction was found to be the most effective against the evaluated oral pathogens. GC-MS analysis of this latter fraction revealed that fatty acids esters, steroids, and aliphatic sesquiterpene hydrocarbons are its major constituents. These compounds may be responsible for the activity of the n-hexane fraction, but other chemical constituents of the dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and hydroalcoholic fraction may potentialize their activities in the crude extract.A atividade antimicrobiana de Aegiphila sellowiana Cham., Lamiaceae, contra patógenos da cavidade bucal foi avaliada empregando-se o método de microdiluição em caldo, segundo o protocolo CLSI M7-A7, utilizando-se clorexidina como controle positivo. O extrato etanólico bruto das partes aéreas de A. sellowiana, obtido por maceração, exibiu atividade contra os microrganismos testados neste trabalho, entretanto, os valores de CIM (concentração inibitória mínima aumentaram após a partição com n-hexano, diclorometano e acetato de etila. Entre as frações testadas, a fração n-hexânica foi a mais efetiva contra os patógenos bucais avaliados, com valores de CIM entre 140 e 350 µg/mL-1. Dados obtidos por CG-EM revelaram que ésteres de ácidos graxos, esteróides e hidrocarbonetos sesquiterpênicos alifáticos são os constituintes majoritários desta fração. Embora esses compostos possam ser os

  10. Manifestaciones orales del síndrome de Mobius asociado a Poland: descripción de un caso clínico Oral manifestations of Mobius syndrome associated to the Poland anomaly: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Figueiredo; D.D. Faustino-Silva; A.S. Bez; D.P.C. Rincón

    2009-01-01

    El síndrome de Mobius es una anomalía congénita que causa parálisis de los nervios VI y VII pares craneanos. Se caracteriza por malformaciones límbicas y cráneo-buco-faciales. Asociada a Poland, presenta malformación del músculo pectoral mayor y anomalías en pies y manos. Por ser un síndrome que presenta anomalías faciales y orales importantes como paladar ojival, mordida abierta, xerostomía, úvula bífida, malformaciones en la lengua, se destaca la necesidad de un abordaje odontológico eficaz...

  11. Treatment of oral mucositis due to chemotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagán-Sebastián, José V

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The management of oral mucositis is a challenge, due to its complex biological nature. Over the last 10 years, different strategies have been developed for the management of oral mucositis caused by chemotherapy in cancer patients. Material and Methods An exhaustive search was made of the PubMed-Medline, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases, crossing the key words “oral mucositis”, “prevention” and “treatment” with the terms “chemotherapy” and “radiotherapy” by means of the boolean operators “AND” and “NOT”. A total of 268 articles were obtained, of which 96 met the inclusion criteria. Results Several interventions for the prevention of oral mucositis, such as oral hygiene protocols, amifostine, benzidamine, calcium phosphate, cryotherapy and iseganan, among others, were found to yield only limited benefits. Other studies have reported a decrease in the appearance and severity of mucositis with the use of cytoprotectors (sucralfate, oral glutamine, hyaluronic acid), growth factors, topical polyvinylpyrrolidone, and low power laser irradiation. Conclusions Very few interventions of confirmed efficacy are available for the management of oral mucositis due to chemotherapy. However, according to the reviewed literature, the use of palifermin, cryotherapy and low power laser offers benefits, reducing the incidence and severity of oral mucositis – though further studies are needed to confirm the results obtained. Key words:Chemotherapy-Induced Oral Mucositis Treatment. PMID:27034762

  12. Angioleiomyoma of the oral cavity extended to submandibular space; an unusual tumor in an unusual deep-seated space: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minni, A; De Carlo, A; Roukos, R; Illuminati, G; Cerbelli, B

    2012-10-01

    Angioleiomyoma (AL) is a benign neoplasia originating from smooth muscle and very uncommon in the oral cavity. The most frequent subtype in the oral cavity is the vascular one. AL usually occurs in the extremities: only around 12% are found in other areas such as head and neck. It presents as an asymptomatic, slow growing nodule lodging in the palate, tongue or lips. The diagnosis is essentially by histological exam and special specific stains are helpful to confirm the origin and to distinguish it from other tumors. We present a case of AL found in unusual site: attached to the submandibular region in a deep-seated space. PMID:23090830

  13. Linear Epidermal Nevus of the Oral Cavity: A Rare Diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Dutra de Cássia Ferreira Santos; Alexandre Scalli Mathias Duarte; Guilherme Machado de Carvalho; Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães; Carlos Eduardo Monteiro Zappelini; Ana Cristina Coelho Dal Rio; Maria Elvira Pizzigatti Corrêa; Albina Messias de Almeida Milani Altemani; Ester Maria Danielli Nicola

    2012-01-01

    Linear epidermal nevus is an uncommon diagnosis of benign lesions of the oral cavity. It is characterized by a congenital malformation arising from the ectoderm cells, which are arranged according to a typical linear configuration known as Blaschko’s lines. We report a case of linear epidermal nevus of oral cavity in a 51-year-old lady or woman. The linear epidermal nevus of the oral cavity, although rare, can be considered a differential diagnosis of oral papillomatosis (OP). The histopathol...

  14. Oral cyclosporine therapy for refractory severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikhil S Gokhale

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the success of oral cyclosporine therapy in a patient with severe vision-threatening vernal keratoconjunctivitis. A child presented with severe allergy which was not controlled with topical steroids, cyclosporine and mast cell stabilizers. Oral steroids were required repeatedly to suppress inflammation. Child showed a dramatic improvement and stabilization with oral cyclosporine therapy. Oral cyclosporine therapy can be tried in severe vision-threatening allergy refractory to conventional therapy.

  15. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Oral Complications of Systemic Diseases Cancer Treatment Developmental Disabilities Diabetes Heart Disease HIV/AIDS See All Order ... Education Practical Oral Care for People With Developmental Disabilities – This booklet presents an overview of physical, mental, ...

  16. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research Programs (Extramural Research) NIDCR Laboratories (Intramural Research) Science News in Brief Study Takes First Comprehensive Look ... diagnosis, and treatment of oral cancer, along with definitions of selected medical terms and resource information. Oral ...

  17. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... signs of oral cancer. For Patients and the Public Oral Cancer Pamphlet that describes the risk factors, ... not collect any actual information. External Web Site Policy This graphic notice ( ) means that you are leaving ...

  18. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Professionals A step-by-step, illustrated guide for health professionals that provides instruction on examining the mouth for signs of oral cancer. For Patients and the Public Oral Cancer Pamphlet that describes the risk factors, ...

  19. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... See All Oral Complications of Systemic Diseases Cancer Treatment Developmental Disabilities Diabetes Heart Disease HIV/AIDS See ... this brochure includes information on symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of oral cancer, along with definitions of selected ...

  20. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Trials What Are Clinical Trials? About Clinical Trials Information for Clinical Researchers See All Browse Studies by ... been diagnosed with oral cancer, this brochure includes information on symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of oral cancer, ...

  1. Oral amelanotic melanoma of the maxilla.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasrollah Saghravanian

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Amelanotic melanoma is a variant of malignant melanoma comprising 2% to 8% of all malignant melanomas. The amelanotic presentation of melanoma in the oral cavity is extremely rare and has been reported only occasionally in the literature. Moreover, the lack of melanin makes these tumors difficult to diagnose than that of pigmented lesions and the prognosis tends to be poorer. Herein, we report an amelanotic melanoma involving the oral mucosa of the maxilla in a 27 year-old male.

  2. A Case of Anaphylaxis to Oral Minocycline

    OpenAIRE

    Jang, Ji Woong; Bae, Yun-Jeong; Kim, Yong Giun; Jin, Young-Joo; Park, Kyung Sun; Cho, You Sook; Moon, Hee-Bom; Kim, Tae-Bum

    2010-01-01

    Minocycline is a semisynthetic tetracycline derivative that is often used in the treatment of acne vulgaris. To date, there has been only one case report of anaphylaxis to minocycline. We report here a case of anaphylaxis to oral minocycline. A 56-yr-old woman visited our hospital after three episodes of recurrent anaphylaxis. We performed an oral challenge test, the standard method for diagnosing drug allergies, with minocycline, one of the drugs she had taken previously. She developed urtic...

  3. Systemic Absorption of Nanomaterials by Oral Exposure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binderup, Mona-Lise; Bredsdorff, Lea; Beltoft, Vibe Meister;

    This report and accompanying database systematically evaluates the reliability and relevance of the existing scientific literature regarding systemic absorption of nanomaterials by oral exposure and makes specific recommendations for future testing approaches.......This report and accompanying database systematically evaluates the reliability and relevance of the existing scientific literature regarding systemic absorption of nanomaterials by oral exposure and makes specific recommendations for future testing approaches....

  4. Human Papilloma Virus and oral cancer: Narrative review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Fernández

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV infection is now more common sexually transmitted diseases, with an incidence of 5.5 million worldwide, with 85% of the carrier of this virus adult population. Their oncogenic potential and increased oral lesions associated with oral HPV infection have led us to make a narrative of the literature on the role of HPV in oral cancer, especially types 16 and 18. Here we refer to the possible routes of infection, oncogenic mechanisms, both benign and potentially malignant oral lesions associated with the infection, different methods used for detection, prediction and prevention of infection. We stress the importance of the role of the dentist to identify individuals considered high risk and ease of performing detection in the oral cavity, through a quick and easy method as exfoliative cytology. RESUMEN El Virus Papiloma Humano (VPH en la actualidad constituye la infección por transmisión sexual más frecuente, presentando una incidencia de 5,5 millones en el mundo, siendo un 85% de la población adulta portadora de este virus. Su potencial oncogénico y el aumento de lesiones orales asociadas a infección oral por VPH nos han llevado a realizar una narración de la literatura referente al rol del VPH en el cáncer oral, especialmente de los subtipos 16 y 18. Nos referiremos a sus posibles vías de contagio, mecanismos oncogénicos, lesiones orales tanto benignas como potencialmente malignas asociadas a su infección, diferentes métodos utilizados para su detección, pronóstico y prevención de contagio. Destacamos la importancia del rol del odontólogo para identificar individuos considerados de alto riesgo y la facilidad de realizar su detección en la cavidad oral, a través de un método rápido y sencillo como es la citología exfoliativa.

  5. Essentials of oral cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera, César

    2015-01-01

    Oral cancer is one of the 10 most common cancers in the world, with a delayed clinical detection, poor prognosis, without specific biomarkers for the disease and expensive therapeutic alternatives. This review aims to present the fundamental aspects of this cancer, focused on squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (OSCC), moving from its definition and epidemiological aspects, addressing the oral carcinogenesis, oral potentially malignant disorders, epithelial precursor lesions and experi...

  6. Oral vaccination of fish

    OpenAIRE

    Embregts, Carmen W.E.; Forlenza, Maria

    2016-01-01

    The limited number of oral vaccines currently approved for use in humans and veterinary species clearly illustrates that development of efficacious and safe oral vaccines has been a challenge not only for fish immunologists. The insufficient efficacy of oral vaccines is partly due to antigen breakdown in the harsh gastric environment, but also to the high tolerogenic gut environment and to inadequate vaccine design. In this review we discuss current approaches used to develop oral vaccines fo...

  7. Radiation induced oral mucositis

    OpenAIRE

    P S Satheesh Kumar; Anita Balan; Arun Sankar; Tinky Bose

    2009-01-01

    Patients receiving radiotherapy or chemotherapy will receive some degree of oral mucositis The incidence of oral mucositis was especially high in patients: (i) With primary tumors in the oral cavity, oropharynx, or nasopharynx; (ii) who also received concomitant chemotherapy; (iii) who received a total dose over 5,000 cGy; and (iv) who were treated with altered fractionation radiation schedules. Radiation-induced oral mucositis affects the quality of life of the patients and the family concer...

  8. Oral health in pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Blagojević Duška; Brkanić Tatjana; Stojić Siniša

    2002-01-01

    Introduction Good oral health care during pregnancy is essential but often overlooked factor of dental growth as well as of other structures of oral cavity. Pregnancy is the time when conscious approach to preventive oral care should increase. Preventive measures during pregnancy Preventive measures during pregnancy mean usage of fluorides, special dietary measures and increased oral hygiene habits. Preventive measures in pregnant women have one goal: providing conditions for development of f...

  9. Survey of oral hygiene behaviour, knowledge and oral hygiene status among Hong Kong adults : a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Cheung, Kwan-pui; Hui, Yiu-man; Ip, Cheuk-yin; Kwan, Pui-hang, Stephen; Liang, Betty; Ng, Man-yi; Ng, Yuk-kee, Brian; Wu, On-ki; Yung, Chun-yuen

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To study the correlation between oral health behaviour and knowledge with respect to the oral hygiene status of Hong Kong Chinese adults. Materials and methods: Subject selection was by convenience sampling. A total of four outreach visits were arranged in March 2015. The participants’ oral health behavior and knowledge were evaluated through a self-reported questionnaire, while existing oral conditions were recorded following clinical examination using Visible Plaque In...

  10. Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... rashes clinical tools newsletter | contact Share | Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) Information for adults A A A White, slightly ... the tongue and lips are typical of oral candidiasis. Overview Thrush (oral candidiasis), also known as oral ...

  11. Caracterización y prevalencia de las enfermedades orales en el caballo criollo, departamento de Caldas, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mario Cruz Amaya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es caracterizar y estimar la prevalencia de las enfermedades orales en el equino de trabajo del departamento de Caldas, Colombia. Se registraron las variables presencia o no de enfermedad en la cavidad oral, condición corporal (CC, edad, sexo, especie (mular o caballar y tipo de alimentación. Para analizar la información se crearon cuatro grupos de edad: joven, adulto, maduro, viejo. Se conformaron tres grupos de CC: pobre o delgados (1-2-3, saludable (4-5-6 y obesos (7-8-9, y se observaron tres grupos de alimentación: tipo 1, forraje; tipo 2, forraje + alimento concentrado, y tipo 3, forraje + derivados de la fabricación de panela (cachaza. Todos los análisis se efectuaron usando el programa SAS. La prevalencia para cada enfermedad se calculó mediante ji-cuadrado (χ2. El efecto de los grupos de edad, CC y alimentación sobre las distintas enfermedades orales se evaluó mediante análisis de varianza (Anova. El nivel de significancia se fijó en p < 0,05. La prevalencia de enfermedad oral hallada fue del 76,5% (n = 400. Se diagnosticaron 32 anormalidades orales diferentes. La CC y la edad tuvieron un efecto significativo sobre la probabilidad de asociarse con afección oral (p < 0,01. El efecto del tipo de alimentación sobre la probabilidad de enfermedad oral fue significativo (p = 0,04, mientras los efectos de sexo y especie no lo fueron. Los equinos estudiados no habían recibido tratamiento odontológico previamente, siendo este un importante campo de acción para los profesionales de dicha región.

  12. Papel da Histerossonografia no Estudo da Cavidade Uterina em Pacientes com Sangramento Uterino Anormal Role of Sonohysterography in the Evaluation of the Uterine Cavity in Patients with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar o papel da histerossonografia na avaliação das anormalidades da cavidade uterina, em pacientes com sangramento uterino anormal, selecionadas previamente pela ultra-sonografia transvaginal. Métodos: foram selecionadas 48 pacientes na menacme e pós-menopausa, portadoras de sangramento uterino anormal e anormalidades da cavidade uterina, diagnosticadas inicialmente pela ultra-sonografia transvaginal. Todas as pacientes se submeteram à histerossonografia e, posteriormente, aos métodos "padrão ouro", a histeroscopia e/ou histerectomia. As histerossonografias foram avaliadas por dois diferentes médicos e os diagnósticos confrontados. Resultados: a histerossonografia mostrou ter alta sensibilidade e especificidade no diagnóstico das patologias benignas da cavidade uterina. Na presença de pólipo a sensibilidade e a especificidade do método foram, respectivamente, de 100 e 97%, seguido do mioma submucoso cuja sensibilidade e especificidade foram, respectivamente, de 83 e 100%. Já na hiperplasia endometrial e no endométrio normal a sensibilidade e especificidade foram de 100%. Diagnosticamos 33 casos de pólipos, 13 casos de miomas submucosos, quatro casos de hiperplasia endometrial e três casos normais na análise dos métodos "padrão ouro". Houve alta correlação entre os diagnósticos dados pelos dois examinadores. Conclusões: a histerossonografia mostrou ser um exame reprodutível, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade no diagnóstico das patologias benignas da cavidade uterina em pacientes com sangramento uterino anormal.Purpose: to determine the role of sonohysterography in the evaluation of abnormalities in the uterine cavity in patients presenting abnormal uterine bleeding, who had previously been selected by transvaginal ultrasonography. Methods: forty-eight patients presenting abnormal uterine bleeding and changes in the uterine cavity seen by transvaginal ultrasonography were selected, and they were in

  13. Reação peritoneal tardia ao calculo biliar humano, de colesterol, deixado na cavidade abdominal de ratos Late peritoneal reaction to human cholesterol gallstone left into abdominal cavity of rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bertges

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados os resultados tardios da colocação de cálculos biliares humanos, de colesterol, na cavidade peritoneal de ratos. Constituíram-se cinco grupos: cinco ratos foram apenas laparotomizados com manuseio da cavidade; cinco foram laparotomizados e receberam um ponto com fio monofilamentar cinco zeros no sulco paracólico direito e mesentério; dez receberam cálculos que foram deixados livres na cavidade peritoneal; em dez, os clculos foram fixados no sulco paracólico direito e, finalmente, dez tiveram clculos fixados no mesentério. Os animais foram mortos após cinco meses de pós-operatório quando se observou a cavidade abdominal e foi coletado material para estudo histopatológico. Concluiu-se que os cálculos não foram absorvidos, desenvolveram uma reação peritoneal do tipo corpo estranho com formação de plastrão e foram envolvidos por tecido fibroso e células inflamatórias.It was evaluated the late results of human gallstones placed into peritoneal cavity of rats. Five groups were created. In the first (group A five rats were submitted only to laparotomy and handling of abdominal cavity, in the second (group B five rats were submitted to laparotomy and a stitch was placed into right abdominal wall and in mesenterium between the ileus and cecum, in the third (group C ten rats received a gallstone left free into abdomen, in the fourth (group D ten rats received a gallstone fixed into right abdominal wall and in the fifth (group E ten rats received a gallstone fixed in mesenterium between the ileus and cecum. One rat in each group was selected to be use as a pilot and were re-laparotomized after 1 month and 3 months, in order to look for any possible alteration. All rats were dead after five months when the abdominal cavity was observed and specimens were collected around the gallstones to histopathology. ln groups A and B there were not important macroscopic alterations. The gallstones were not absorved in groups C, D

  14. Oral Health and Swallowing Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Furuta, Michiko; Yamashita, Yoshihisa

    2013-01-01

    Oral health impacts systemic health. Therefore, oral care is an important consideration in maintaining quality of life (QOL). Previously, maintenance and improvement of oral hygiene was considered essential for achieving oral health. In addition to oral hygiene, oral care in terms of oral function is now considered to maintain QOL. Ingestion of exogenous nutrients via the oral cavity is fundamental to the function of all higher animals, not only human beings. Chewing and swallowing processes ...

  15. Risk for oral cancer associated to smoking, smokeless and oral dip products

    OpenAIRE

    Abdoul Hossain Madani; Madhurima Dikshit; Debanshu Bhaduri

    2012-01-01

    Oral cancer is one of the most common life threatening diseases in India. Tobacco and alcohol are considered to be the most risk factors for oral cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the association of tobacco and poly-ingredient oral dip products with oral cancer. A case-control study of 350 cases and 350 controls, over a period of 19 months, between February 2005 and September 2006 was carried out in Pune, India. The self-reported information about the consumption of tobacco, pol...

  16. Autoatención en Salud Oral en el Pueblo Yanacona de los Andes del Sur de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Jair Ospina Lozano

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. El pueblo indígena Yanacona tiene sus propias estrategias de entender y atender su proceso salud/enfermedad, referido particularmente a la cavidad oral. En estas actividades no se involucran terapeutas de la medicina tradicional ni de la medicina occidental, las realizan las mismas personas. Objetivo: identificar y analizar las prácticas de autoatención en salud oral de la población Yanacona de los resguardos de Caquiona y Pancitará. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizó el método etnográfico. Las técnicas fueron la entrevista semi-estructurada y la observación participante. La información se consignó en el diario de campo. El universo de trabajo fueron las familias de los resguardos de Pancitará y Caquiona. Las unidades de análisis las conformaron cinco familias que cumplían los criterios de inclusión: auto adscripción indígena, los ingresos económicos, la tenencia de dos o más hijos y la escolaridad de la madre.  Resultados: Para los integrantes de este pueblo indígena la boca es necesaria para comer y comunicarse. Las personas reconocen las enfermedades y otras dolencias en su cavidad oral y disponen de conocimientos y destrezas para enfrentarlas, principalmente plantas medicinales y medicamentos farmacéuticos. La caries dental es reconocida como la única enfermedad que afecta a la boca. Se reconoce un origen mágico de las aftas bucales. Los cuidados de la boca implican el uso de cepillo y crema dental y la masticación de una planta -chulco-. Conclusiones. La autoatención en salud oral es una estrategia que le permite a este pueblo indígena solucionar parcialmente los inconvenientes relacionados con su salud/enfermedad oral.

  17. Oral Cancer and Oral Precancerous Lesions in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsanos, Konstantinos H; Roda, Giulia; Brygo, Alexandre; Delaporte, Emmanuel; Colombel, Jean-Frédéric

    2015-11-01

    Oral cancer is historically linked to well-known behavioural risk factors such as tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption. Other risk factors include age over 40, male sex, several dietary factors, nutritional deficiencies, viruses, sexually transmitted infections, human papillomavirus, chronic irritation, and possibly genetic predisposition. Precancerous lesions in the oral cavity include leukoplakia, erythroplakia, and lichen planus. Histology of oral cancer varies widely but the great majority are squamous cell carcinomas.Epidemiological studies and cancer registries have shown a consistently increased risk of oral malignancies in kidney, bone marrow, heart, or liver transplantation, in graft vs host disease, and in patients with HIV infection. Because of the increasing use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, it is useful to more accurately delineate the consequences of chronic immunosuppression to the oral cavity. Oral cancer and precancerous oral lesions in patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] have been scarcely reported and reviews on the topic are lacking.We conducted a literature search using the terms and variants of all cancerous and precancerous oral manifestations of inflammatory bowel diseases. By retrieving the existing literature, it is evident that patients with IBD belong to the high-risk group of developing these lesions, a phenomenon amplified by the increasing HPV prevalence. Education on modifiable risk behaviours in patients with oral cancer is the cornerstone of prevention.Oral screening should be performed for all IBD patients, especially those who are about to start an immunosuppressant or biological drug. PMID:26163301

  18. Modelización del perfil de soldadura y de la cavidad de vapor en la aleación de aluminio 5182 soldada con láser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastor, M.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is the study of the laser welding process of the aluminum alloy 5182 and the development of models by means of the COSMOS/M package, in order to predict the shape of the keyhole and the temperatures profile of the weld. Modeling has been done considering the degree of defocusing. The heat flow applied on the models was a Gauss flow, considering the condition of the focused face and the conditions of negative and positive defocusing. The validity of the models has been demonstrated comparing their results with those obtained by experimental tests. The extent of defocusing of laser beam affected the stability of the keyhole and welding geometry.

    El presente trabajo se introduce en el desarrollo de modelos para predecir la forma de la cavidad de vapor y el perfil de la aleación de aluminio 5182 con soldadura láser. Para el procesamiento del modelo se ha empleado el paquete profesional de Elementos Finitos COSMOS/M. La modelización de la soldadura se realizó considerando como variable el grado de desenfoque del haz de láser y la distribución del flujo de calor según un modelo Gaussiano, para las condiciones de haz enfocado y de desenfoque negativo y positivo. La validez de los resultados obtenidos se comprobó mediante la comparación con los resultados obtenidos en pruebas experimentales, concluyéndose que el grado de desenfoque del haz del láser afecta notablemente la estabilidad de la cavidad de vapor y la geometría de la soldadura.

  19. Oral contraceptives induced hepatotoxicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Akshaya Srikanth

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Oral Contraceptives are the pharmacological agents used to prevent pregnancy. These are divided as the combined and progestogen methods and are administered orally, transdermally, systemically and via vaginal route. All these methods contain both oestrogen and progestogen. Vigorous usage of oral contraceptives and anabolic steroids as associated with cholestasis, vascular lesions and hepatic neoplasm. Benign hepatic neoplasms are clearly associated with oral contraceptives. In this article we discuss the various hepatocellular complications like cholestasis, benign neoplasm and hepatocellular carcinoma occurred by oral contraceptives. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2013; 2(1.000: 91-93

  20. The diagnostic contribution of computed tomography in intranasal carcinoma with retrobulbar, oral and brain invasion in a canine: case report; Contribuicao da tomografia computadorizada no diagnostico de carcinoma intranasal com invasao retrobular, oral e cerebral em canino: relato de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zardo, Karen Maciel, E-mail: kmz@bol.com.br; Belotta, Alexandra Frey; Babicsak, Viviam Rocco; Machado, Vania Maria de Vasconcelos [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (FMVZ/UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia. Dept. de Reproducao Animal e Radiologia Veterinaria; Zanoni, Diogo Souza; Costa, Denis Carvalho [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (FMVZ/UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia. Dept. de Clinica Veterinaria

    2012-07-01

    Intranasal tumors are uncommon and in most cases are malignant, aggressive and with low to moderate potential for metastasis. Clinical signs are usually caused by progressive obstruction of the upper airways. The test cytopathological also is a diagnosis method, but the definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological. Computed tomography (CT) is recommended to treatment planning. A poodle was attended at the veterinary hospital with a clinical history of epistaxis and nasal and ocular secretions, seizures and severe dyspnoea. The animal underwent to radiographic examination of the chest and skull as well as helical computed tomography of the nasal cavity and brain before and after the administration of intravenous contrast. The CT findings revealed an expansive bilateral nasal cavity neoformation, with involvement of the retrobulbar space, right frontal sinus, brain and oral cavity, suggesting a neoplastic or an infectious process. The CT examination allowed the material collection, directly from the mass, to cytological examination, providing the diagnosis of carcinoma. CT also allowed the determination of the unfavorable prognosis of the patient and the treatment planning which not included the surgical excision of the neoformation. Although CT was not conclusive in the diagnosis of carcinoma, it was essential to accurately define the extent of the lesion, to guide the collection of material directly from the tumor and to determine the prognosis of the animal, proving to be an extremely useful tool in cases of tumors intranasal in dogs. (author)