WorldWideScience

Sample records for cavado valley portugal

  1. Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckles, David; Toro, Leonor, Ed.

    Brief information is provided on the region, climate, agriculture and industry of 10 provinces in Portugal: Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, located in Portugal's northeastern region; Beira Alta, the province with Portugal's highest elevation point; Beira Baixa, one of Portugal's poorest regions; Beira Litoral, located in central Portugal along the…

  2. Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    Portugal's 1983 population of 10.04 million was growing at .7%/year. 97% were Roman Catholic, 80% were literate, and 4.1 million were in the labor force in 1984. Portugal is mountainous north of the Tagus River and consists of rolling plains in the central south. The Azores and Madeira islands belong to Portugal but enjoy considerable autonomy. Portugal's dependency of Macau on the Chinese coast is an autonomous entity under Portuguese administration. The former teritories of Goa and Portuguese Timor were annexed by India and Indonesia respectively in 1961 and 1976, and the former territories in Africa achieved independence in 1974 and 1975. Portugal, 1 of the oldest states in Europe, traces its modern history to A.D. 1140 when the 1st king was crowned. The approximate present day boundaries were secured in 1249. Portugal eventually became a massive colonial empire with territories in Africa and Latin America and outposts in the Far East. The Portuguese Republic replaced the monarchy in 1910. After some years of instability, Antonio Salazar became prime minister, and with his successor, ruled Portugal as an authoritarian "corporate" state for 42 years. An almost bloodless coup in 1974 led to establishment of a parliamentary democracy. The 4 main organs of national government are the presidency, the prime minister and council of ministers, the assembly of the republic, and the courts. Portugal's gross domestic product (GDP) in 1984 was $19.4 billion, and per capita income was $1930. After almost a decade of rapid growth, the economy declined in the mid 1970s due to disruption after the 1974 revolution and the large influx of refugees from Portugal's former colonies in Africa. Growth resumed in the late 1970s, but structural problems and an often adverse international economic climate have slowed progress. The proportion of the labor force in agriculture has dropped from 42% to 24.4% since 1960. Agricultural production now contributes only 8.8% to the GDP, and a

  3. Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Helena

    2005-01-01

    (Excerto) Portuguese broadcasting system Public Service Broadcasting(PSB) has: • 2 public channels (Radio e Televisao de Portugal) RTP1 and RTP2 ; • I international global channel RTP Africa • 2 public regional channels RTP-Acores and RTP Madeira • RTP1: national generalist channel. RTP1 is supported by public funding and by its own advertising revenues (advertising limit: 6 minutes per hour). • A Dois: national generalist channel with particular attention to culture, science, innovation, am...

  4. Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, T; Madeira, Liliana; Estanqueiro, Ana

    2009-01-01

    Due to its location, Portugal has several valuable renewable resources for electricity production. It has a high level of solar radiation, moderate wind resource, and considerable vegetable and animal biomass potential. Ocean and hydro resources are also present, mainly the latter—although its major development took place in 2006 with the construction of large hydraulic power stations. Wave energy systems are now under development; the PELAMIS project, the first of its kind, is installed and ...

  5. Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Miguel; Marujo, R.; Simões, T. (Tânia); Estanqueiro, Ana

    2012-01-01

    During 2011, Portugal experienced a strong reduction of electricity demand. With a decrease of 2.3%, the total consumption was 50.5 TWh (1). Due to a mild winter season, the most relevant renewable generation facilities (hydro and wind) experienced a strong production reduction in comparison with 2010. In 2011, Portuguese wind farms produced 21 GWh less than the previous year. It is only because of the decrease in consumption that wind penetration achieved a value of 18%. The growth of the wi...

  6. Shallow translational slides hazard evaluation in Santa Marta de Penaguião (Douro valley - Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Susana; Luís Zêzere, José; Bateira, Carlos

    2010-05-01

    The present study is developed for the municipality of Santa Marta de Penaguião (70 square kilometers), located in the Douro Valley region (Northern Portugal). In the past, several destructive landslides occurred in this area, and were responsible for deaths and destruction of houses and roads. Despite these losses, mitigation and landslide zonation programs are missing, and the land use planning at the municipal level did not solve yet the problem. The study area is mainly composed by metamorphic rocks (e.g., schist and quartzite). These rocks are strongly fractured, and weathered materials are abundant in clayed schist, mainly in those areas where agricultural terraces were constructed centuries ago for the vineyard monoculture. From the geomorphologic point of view, the study area is characterized by deep incised valleys, tectonic depressions and slopes controlled by the geological structure. Elevation ranges from 49 m to 1416 m. The main landslide triggering factor is rainfall and the mean annual precipitation ranges from 700 mm (in the bottom of fluvial valleys) to 2500 mm (in the mountains top). A landslide inventory was performed in 2005-2009 using aerial photo-interpretation (1/5.000 scale) and field work. The inventory includes 848 landslides, most of shallow translational slide type (85% of total slope movements). The landslide density is 10.5 events/square kilometers, and the average landslide area is 535 square meters. The susceptibility to shallow translational slide occurrence was assessed at the 1: 10 000 scale in a GIS environment. Two different bivariate statistical methods were used to evaluate landslide susceptibility: the Information Value and the Fuzzy Logic Gamma operator. Eight conditioning factors were weighted and integrated to model susceptibility: slope angle, slope aspect, slope curvature, lithology, geomorphologic units, fault density, land use and terrace structures build in slopes. The susceptibility results were validated using a

  7. Life history, population dynamics and production of eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki (Pisces, Poeciliidae), in rice fields of the lower Mondego River Valley, western Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral, João Alexandre; Marques, João Carlos

    1999-01-01

    The introduced population of Gambusia holbrooki from the rice fields of the lower Mondego River Valley, Portugal, was studied for 15 months, relating their life cycle and population dynamics with its production, in order to assess the role of the species in the energy flow and secondary production in this type of agro-ecosystem. Two main annual cohorts (1995 and 1996 cohorts) were identified. The females outnumbered males and the average female/male-ratio was 4. The inspection of ovary develo...

  8. ANÁLISE DE POTABILIDADE BACTERIOLÓGICA DE ÁGUAS DE POÇOS CAVADOS DA ZONA PERIFÉRICA DE BARRETOS, SP, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Pedroso PREGNOLATTO

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Foram analisados 30 pontos distintos de água, sendo 27 de poços cavados e 3 de nascentes superficiais, na zona periférica da cidade de Barretos- SP, distribuídos em quatro bairros. A coleta foi feita em quatro etapas, com intervalo de 90 dias, totalizando 120 amostras. Das amostras analisadas, 106 (88,3% foram positivas para coliformes totais e 48 (40,0%, para coliformes fecais. Não houve positividade para aeromonas móveis. Os dados obtidos indicam que a maioria das amostras analisadas não atende ao padrão de potabilidade, em virtude da presença de coliformes totais em 100 mL. A presença desse tipo de coliformes não parece estar relacionada com influências sazonais, enquanto a incidência de coliformes fecais apresenta correlação com os indices pluviométricos das etapas de amostragem: os meses de menor índice coincidem com menor positividade desse indicador bacteriano e os meses com índice mais alto, com maior porcentagem de positividade.

  9. Life history, population dynamics and production of eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki (Pisces, Poeciliidae), in rice fields of the lower Mondego River Valley, western Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, João Alexandre; Marques, João Carlos

    1999-11-01

    The introduced population of Gambusia holbrooki from the rice fields of the lower Mondego River Valley, Portugal, was studied for 15 months, relating their life cycle and population dynamics with its production, in order to assess the role of the species in the energy flow and secondary production in this type of agro-ecosystem. Two main annual cohorts (1995 and 1996 cohorts) were identified. The females outnumbered males and the average female/male-ratio was 4. The inspection of ovary developmental stages of this viviparous fish, revealed that the most important reproductive period was between April and August. The first recruits were recorded in June and were present thereafter until October. Males from the parental cohort died before August, whereas parental females could survive until October. Mean adjusted fecundity (number of embryos divided by female standard length) peaked in July 1996 (0.95) and in June 1997 (1.05). Females reached greater sizes, had a higher growth rate and lived longer than males. Annual production was estimated at 3.101 g.m -2.year -1 (ash-free dry weight, AFDW), the average biomass at 2.896 g.m -2 (AFDW), and the P/B ratio was 1.071. A conjugation of life history, population dynamics, production and ecological traits (e.g. fast growth, reduced longevity, viviparity, high productivity, an intermediate position in food chain, and no special habitat requirements for reproduction) clearly show that the populations of G. holbrooki, introduced into rice fields all over the world, may play an important role in the structure and functioning of the biological communities of these important agro-ecosystems.

  10. Fucus spiralis as monitoring tool of metal contamination in the northwest coast of Portugal under the European Water Framework Directives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Pedro A; Cassiano, Júlia; Veiga, Puri; Rubal, Marcos; Sousa-Pinto, Isabel

    2014-09-01

    Metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) in coastal seawaters and soft tissues of macroalga Fucus spiralis from the northwest coast of Portugal were determined to assess spatial variations of metal bioavailabilities and bioaccumulation factors to compare different ecological quality classifications. Both coastal seawaters and soft tissues of F. spiralis showed significant spatial variations in their metal concentrations along the coast. The macroalgae F. spiralis accumulated more efficiently Cd, Mn and Zn and showed low bioaccumulation factors to Cr, Cu and Fe. Regarding the metal guidelines of the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority, the entire northwest (NW) coast of Portugal in April 2013 should be classified as 'class I--unpolluted' for all metals, except in Ave for Cu ('class II--moderately polluted') and Cavado for Cd and Cu ('class II-moderately polluted'), revealing the low metal bioavailabilities of these seawaters. As there were always significant positive correlations between all metals in seawaters and F. spiralis, this macroalga species was considered a suitable monitoring tool of metal contamination in the NW coast of Portugal and a useful aquatic organism to be included in the European Environmental Specimen Banks in order to establish a real-time environmental monitoring network under the European Water Framework Directives. PMID:24816592

  11. Lessons from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harry, Vickie; Mechling, Ken

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has long been touted as a popular destination for savvy travelers, but now educators are touting it as something else--a professional development (PD) powerhouse for inquiry-based science! This article describes Portugal's ongoing efforts to reform its country's elementary science education program through a project known as the…

  12. Tertiary Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Portugal's tertiary education sector has expanded significantly over the last 20 years, but participation and overall educational attainment levels remain below European standards and enrolment rates have begun to decline. The OECD review recommends that Portugal's national government should focus on strategic direction and leave higher education…

  13. A creche em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Leonor; Pinto, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    Na evolução das creches em Portugal verifica-se uma alternância entre conceções assistencialista de integração educacional. Procura-se refletir sobre a tensão existente entre estas duas perspetivas relativamente ao atendimento em creche em Portugal. A creche foi considerada como local de guarda por impedimento dos pais, no entanto no decurso dos tempos assistimos a tentativas de a assumir como um serviço de prestação de cuidados e de educação promovendo um desenvolvimento mais holístico e res...

  14. Class actions in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Raimundo, Maria Carlos Miranda

    2013-01-01

    Even eighteen years after the implementation of Law 83/95, of August 31, about the rights of participation in class action litigation in Portugal, there is no sufficient evidence of its applicability. Contrarily to what is observed in other countries as the United States and Brazil it seems that in Portugal, there is no interest of the several parties that would be involved in a class action litigation to obtain information or inform other parties relatively to the main procedures on it and t...

  15. Early Retirement in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Albuquerque, Paula; Arcanjo, Manuela; Escária, Vítor

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the early retirement decisions made by Portuguese workers aged 50 to 64. It investigates the main characteristics of early retirees, and the main determinants of their decision, based on the eight waves of the European Community Household Panel for Portugal, from 1994 to 2001. Several definitions of early retirement are considered in order to take into account the different pathways to retirement that workers may follow. Some results are robust to different methodologie...

  16. Restructuring in SMEs Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Dina; Leitão, João

    2013-01-01

    Based on information derived from 85 case studies across all EU Member States and other sources, the project outlines the features peculiar to SMEs in their anticipation and management of restructuring, explores the main drivers of change and analyses the factors influencing successful restructuring. It offers some insight into how restructuring impacts on workers and the company itself and sets out several policy pointers for future action. This is the country report for Portugal.

  17. Eastern Enlargement and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tania Fernandes

    1999-01-01

    The paper is structured in two parts. The first one analyses the proposals of the European Commission concerning the reform of the European Union policies and the Eastern enlargement, set out in Agenda 2000. The second addresses the impacts of the Eastern enlargement to Portugal. The paper reviews the standard argument against the Eastern enlargement and presents evidence that an once and for all enlargement of all the ten Central and Eastern European Countries that applied for EU membership ...

  18. Assembling Toyota in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Tiago; Moniz, António

    2003-01-01

    A lot has been written over the last decade with regard to Toyota and the productive model associated to it (toyota-ism). And more specifically concerning the "(…) best-seller that changed the... sociological world" (Castillo, 1998: 31). But the case of Salvador Caetano’s Ovar Industrial Division (OID), that assembles Toyota light commercial vehicles in Portugal, allows us to put forward a sub-hypothesis that fits into the analysis schema proposed in the First GERPISA International Program – ...

  19. Monsanto, orgullo de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Brandes, Stanley

    2014-01-01

    El artículo investiga el concurso que tuvo lugar en 1938 durante el régimen fascista de António de Salazar con el fin de seleccionar «el pueblo más portugués de Portugal». En torno a este evento tuvo lugar una cercana colaboración entre etnólogos profesionales y el gobierno de derechas del momento. Este artículo ofrece una interpretación del mencionado concurso en el contexto de unas relaciones internacionales turbulentas, particularmente como reacción a la amenaza de una posible invasión esp...

  20. Oportunidades para Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Boite, Amaury

    2014-01-01

    As ameaças transnacionais representadas pelo tráfico de drogas ilícitas, o terrorismo extremista religioso jihadista, a pirataria e o roubo armado a navios têm vindo a por em causa a Segurança Marítima do Atlântico Sul, especialmente na região do Golfo da Guiné, espaço onde Brasil e Portugal tem interesses diversos, pelas cada vez mais intensas trocas comerciais que realizam com os países lindeiros, bem como pela importação de significativos volumes de hidrocarbonetos. Há que se considerar, t...

  1. Biogeografia de Portugal Continental

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, José C.; Aguiar, Carlos; Capelo, J.; Lousã, Mário; Neto, Carlos

    1998-01-01

    Apresentam-se alguns conceitos fundamentais usados em Biogeografia. Propõe-se uma tipologia biogeográfica para Portugal continental desenvolvida a partir dos trabalhos de S. Rivas-Martínez para a Península Ibérica, principalmente: RIVAS-MARTÍNEZ et al (1990). São enumeradas as unidades biogeográficas reconhecidas no território continental nacional e discutem-se os seus limites até ao nível de Superdistrito, bem como os critérios e fundamentos florísticos e fitossociológicos ...

  2. Is Portugal potentially insolvent

    OpenAIRE

    Eric Dor

    2013-01-01

    The primary surplus ratio which is required to stabilize the public debt ratio depends on assumptions about the future rate of growth of nominal GDP and implicit interest rates levels. Under the official scenario of a long term nominal growth rate of 4% and an unchanged implicit interest rate of 3.5%, Portugal may even have a small deficit of the primary balance. However, under realistic forecasts of a 2.5% rate of nominal growth, and an implicit interest rate at 4.5%, debt stabilization requ...

  3. Innovationsnetzwerke in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso Parreira, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird analysiert, wie die Innovationsnetzwerke von Informationstechnologieunternehmen in Portugal räumlich strukturiert sind und welche Bedeutung räumliche Nähe für die InnovationsfŠhigkeit derselben hat. Als Ergebnis lassen sich zwei wesentliche Beobachtungen machen: Einerseits lässt sich eine deutliche Konzentration der portugiesischen IT-Branche auf die Metropolregion Lissabon (mehr als 80 %) und in großer räumlicher Nähe dazu auch zu den meisten Innovationspartne...

  4. Portugal é o mar

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, Avelino de Freitas de

    2007-01-01

    Os oceanos são críticos para a sobrevivência e o bem-estar da Humanidade, pelo que as oportunidades que encerram estão ao alcance e são um desafio para todos nós. Longe vão os tempos em que o mar separava os países e os povos – hoje é o mar que os aproxima e lhes confere poder e competitividade. Sendo um facto que sempre que Portugal se voltou para o mar prosperou, é objetivo do presente trabalho conhecer as razões que contribuíram para que o país chegasse à atual situação. ...

  5. Ultraviolet radiation watch in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultraviolet radiation monitoring in Portugal started in the eighties using a broadband type detector installed at Lisbon. Currently, the Portuguese Institute of Meteorology has set up a new ultraviolet network using both spectral and broadband detectors covering most of the mainland territory and Madeira islands. Ultraviolet monitoring is complemented by the ultraviolet Index forecasting program started in 1999. A brief historical view, methodology and some results of the ultraviolet watch in Portugal are shown. (author)

  6. Women in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, M

    1981-01-01

    Prior to 1974, women in Portugal were restricted by the Penal Code and had little organizational power. Women's groups were formed within the Catholic Church to teach women about cooking, child care, and home economics. There was no contact with international women's groups. The press only reported events such as bra burning. 80% of all illiterates in Portugal are women. The conditions of Portuguese women are described after the revolution of April 25, 1974. Present roles are discussed for work, health, education, religion, trade unions and political parties, and women's organizations. The Women's Liberation Movement (WLM) appeared in May 1974 among a heterogenous group of women in Lisbon who were concerned about the oppression of women. WLM made feminist issues public amid ridicule and promoted the declaration of equal rights for women in the 1976 Republic Constitution and in the Family Code. Wage discrimination became illegal in 1979. Women represent 32.8% of the labor force. Unemployment is particularly high among women and is increasing. Women's wages and levels of skill are the lowest. The Christian Democratic government is actively engaged in a campaign to keep women at home and has formed the special Ministry of Family Affairs, which encourages large families and women's home activity in order to save jobs for men. There is a crisis in education: large class sizes and limited number of schools. Child care for the working mother is expensive when available and rarely available. An obstacle to women's rights has been the role of the Catholic Church, which fought equal rights legislation, condemned the Family Code and divorce laws, forbade the practice of contraception, and supported the movement against abortion. Only 1 member of government is a women, and she is considered a token. Trade unions have a women's section, but little attention is given to the problems of women. Women's groups within larger organizations have little autonomy. Those with autonomy

  7. Experiment@Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Restivo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    The main goal of the Project Experiment@Portugal is to produce a complete survey of Portuguese developments in remote and virtual labs. This knowledge will provide the conditions for joining forces in order to organize a well structured national website integrating a database of available remote and virtual experiments, categorized for sharing purposes, and looking for delivering valuable contents for high schools and for higher education. It is expected that the final result will bring up a solid team able to offer in this domain a Portuguese partner at international level

  8. Pobreza e desigualdade em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sabença, Cindy Sofia dos Santos Alves Ribeiro

    2012-01-01

    A conjuntura económica atual levanta questões sobre a condição de vida e bem-estar da sociedade, obrigando a uma reflexão aprofundada sobre a Pobreza e Desigualdade em Portugal. Este estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar a situação portuguesa e apresentar quais os determinantes da Pobreza em Portugal. Para tal é utilizada a base de dados estatísticos do Eurostat não só para a caracterização da sociedade portuguesa num contexto europeu, como também para desenvolver um modelo de estimação linea...

  9. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

  10. Coastal Otters in Southwest Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Beja P.R.

    1989-01-01

    A survey was made for otter signs along the coast of Portugal, preliminary to a more thorough survey later in 1989. Spraints, anal secretions and footprints were looked for, as were holts. As was expected, the area contained a good population of otters.

  11. Sociology in Portugal: a short history

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Filipe Carreira da

    2015-01-01

    Sociology in Portugal provides the first English-language account of the history of sociology in Portugal from 1945 to the present day. Banned by the fascist regime until 1974, the institutionalization of sociology as an academic discipline came relatively late. Understanding academic disciplines as institutionalized struggles over meaning, Filipe Carreira da Silva gives a genealogy of sociology in Portugal from its origins in the political-administrative interstices of a dictatorship, throug...

  12. O cineturismo: o caso de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho,Susan Belinda

    2013-01-01

    The following dissertation discusses the topic of film-induced tourism in Portugal from the perspective of the Portuguese destination marketing organisations. As research concerning film tourism in Portugal was unavailable due to the novelty of the topic, primary research was developed through online survey questionnaires, case studies and interviews. The primary research conducted found that Portugal has all the necessary resources and attributes required to develop film tourism; however DMO...

  13. La contabilidad pública en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Pedrosa, Fernanda

    2014-01-01

    LA CONTABILIDAD PÚBLICA EN PORTUGAL - Que se entiende por Sector Público - Arquitectura del Sector Público en Portugal. - Evolución de la Contabilidad del Sector Público en Portugal. - El Plan Oficial de Contabilidad Pública (POCP) y Planes de Contabilidad sectoriales. - Las normas de consolidación de cuentas en el Sector Público. - Y hoy, ¿cuál es el punto de la situación?

  14. Country Report Portugal - February 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Evangelista

    2015-01-01

    Report prepared by Prof. Evangelista Rocha with assistance and advice from: •Dr. Rui Cruz Ferreira, MD, Director of the National Programmme for Cerebro-Cardiovascular Diseases, Directorate-General of Health •Dr. Ana Abreu, MD, Coordinator of the Working Group on Exercise Physiology and Cardiac Rehabilitation - Author of the contents of cardiac rehabilitation, Portuguese Society of Cardiology. •Dr. Rui Portugal, MD, Executive Director of the National Health Plan, Directorate- Genera...

  15. Air quality assessment for Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, A; Miranda, A. I.; C. Borrego; R. Vautard

    2007-01-01

    According to the Air Quality Framework Directive, air pollutant concentration levels have to be assessed and reported annually by each European Union member state, taking into consideration European air quality standards. Plans and programmes should be implemented in zones and agglomerations where pollutant concentrations exceed the limit and target values. The main objective of this study is to perform a long-term air quality simulation for Portugal, using the CHIMERE chemistry-transport mod...

  16. The Phillips Curve in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa, Agostinho S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper estimates the Phillips curve in Portugal using the Johansen Method, with the wage inflation rate as a dependent variable, based on annual data from the period 1954-1995. The main conclusions are as follows. Firstly, in the long term, the wage inflation rate relates positively to the inflation rate and negatively to the unemployment rate, as expected. There is also a positive relationship between the wage inflation rate and the average labour productivity growth index. Secondly, in ...

  17. Improving Greenhouse Heating in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, J.F.; Baptista, Fátima

    2011-01-01

    Although several new solutions for greenhouse heating and environmental control are being investigated all over the world; to reduce energy consumption and environmental impacts, to increase the efficiency of energy use for plant production in protected cultivation or to take advantage of the new renewable energy sources, in Portugal the great majority of producers still rely on more conventional heating systems for an economical year round production of vegetables and flowers....

  18. Research on allelopathy in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, L. S.; Pereira, I.P.; A. S. Dias

    1999-01-01

    The review shows that allelopathy is widespread in shrubs and trees of Portugal and hence, may play an important role in their ecology. The role of soil in the nature and intensity of allelopathy was demonstrated, and the potential of wheat straw and some aromatic plants to provide allelochemicals for herbicidal use has been found. Therefore, future lines of research should include I) the investigation of herbicidal potential of allelochemicals already identified in wheat straw, II) screening...

  19. Characterizing Human Cysticercosis In Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vilhena, M.; Fonseca, AG; Marques, R; Dias, SS; Torgal, J.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract text Introduction: Cysticercosis results from the ingestion Taenia solium eggs directly by faecal-oral route or contaminated food or water. While, still considered a leading cause of acquired epilepsy in developed countries, this zoonosis has been controlled or eradicated in industrialized countries due to significant improvements in sanitation, pig rearing and slaughterhouse control systems. Objectives: the health burden of human cysticercosis in Portugal. Material and Metodes: ...

  20. Wonder Valley

    OpenAIRE

    Hillyard, William

    2013-01-01

    You might have passed through here, maybe. Thought you'd stick to the blue roads, hit the casinos of Vegas by the back way. As you blew through this nowhere corner of the Mojave Desert you might have noticed the rat-trap shacks rotting into the sparse hardscrabble of greasewood scrub. And you'd have thought, "What the hell is this place?" Wonder Valley. Out here, thousands of dilapidated cabins crumble into the desert, each one 12 by 20, an outhouse out back. They sit on a grid of five acre p...

  1. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Gonçalves, Fernando J.; Oromí, Pedro;

    2015-01-01

    The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods known from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodive...

  2. Child Labour and Educational Success in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulart, Pedro; Bedi, Arjun S.

    2008-01-01

    The current debate on child labour focuses on developing countries. However, Portugal is an example of a relatively developed country where child labour is still a matter of concern as between 8% and 12% of Portuguese children may be classified as workers. This paper studies the patterns of child labour in Portugal and assesses the consequences of…

  3. Portugal to Accede to ESO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-06-01

    The Republic of Portugal will become the ninth member state of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) [1]. Today, during a ceremony at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany), a corresponding Agreement was signed by the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago and the ESO Director General, Catherine Cesarsky , in the presence of other high officials from Portugal and the ESO member states (see Video Clip 05/00 below). Following subsequent ratification by the Portuguese Parliament of the ESO Convention and the associated protocols [2], it is foreseen that Portugal will formally join this organisation on January 1, 2001. Uniting European Astronomy ESO PR Photo 16/00 ESO PR Photo 16/00 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 405 pix - 160k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 809 pix - 408k] Caption : Signing of the Portugal-ESO Agreement on June 27, 2000, at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany). At the table, the ESO Director General, Catherine Cesarsky , and the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago . In his speech, the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago , stated that "the accession of Portugal to ESO is the result of a joint effort by ESO and Portugal during the last ten years. It was made possible by the rapid Portuguese scientific development and by the growth and internationalisation of its scientific community." He continued: "Portugal is fully committed to European scientific and technological development. We will devote our best efforts to the success of ESO". Catherine Cesarsky , ESO Director General since 1999, warmly welcomed the Portuguese intention to join ESO. "With the accession of their country to ESO, Portuguese astronomers will have great opportunities for working on research programmes at the frontiers of modern astrophysics." "This is indeed a good time to join ESO", she added. "The four 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes with their many first-class instruments are nearly ready, and the VLT

  4. Portugal's Petrogal eyes expansion amid continuing privatization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portugal's recently privatized state oil company Petrogal is about to embark on a major expansion worldwide. That comes against the backdrop of major change in Portugal's energy sector and the rocky road to Petrogal's partial privatization. Despite the controversy, there remain opportunities for foreign companies investing in Portugal's energy sector. The most attractive opportunities are in Portugal's downstream petroleum sector and in the country's continuing campaign to develop its natural gas industry. Typical of the latter is Portugal's participation in the Trans-Maghreb gas pipeline megaproject. The paper discusses the background to privatization, its current status, Petrogal strategy, modernization of refineries, a joint partnership with Venezuela, constraints, energy policy program, gas pipeline privatization, and concerns of the gas industry

  5. Geology and religion in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, Ana; Simoes, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Mota, Teresa Salomé

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses the relationship between geology and religion in Portugal by focusing on three case studies of naturalists who produced original research and lived in different historical periods, from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Whereas in non-peripheral European countries religious themes and even controversies between science and religion were dealt with by scientists and discussed in scientific communities, in Portugal the absence of a debate between science and religion within scientific and intellectual circles is particularly striking. From the historiographic point of view, in a country such as Portugal, where Roman Catholicism is part of the religious and cultural tradition, the influence of religion in all aspects of life has been either taken for granted by those less familiar with the national context or dismissed by local intellectuals, who do not see it as relevant to science. The situation is more complex than these dichotomies, rendering the study of this question particularly appealing from the historiographic point of view, geology being by its very nature a well-suited point from which to approach the theme. We argue that there is a long tradition of independence between science and religion, agnosticism and even atheism among local elites. Especially from the eighteenth century onwards, they are usually portrayed as enlightened minds who struggled against religious and political obscurantism. Religion—or, to be more precise, the Roman Catholic Church and its institutions—was usually identified with backwardness, whereas science was seen as the path to progress; consequently men of science usually dissociated their scientific production from religious belief.

  6. Climate change projections for precipitation in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, C.; Santos, J. A.

    2013-10-01

    The strong irregularity of precipitation in Portugal, which may e.g. trigger severe/extreme droughts and floods, results in a high vulnerability of the country to precipitation inter-annual variability and to its extremes. Furthermore, dryer future climates are projected for Portugal, though there has also been some growing evidence for a strengthening of precipitation extremes. Due to the central role played byprecipitation on many socio-economic sectors and environmental systems, regional climate change assessments for precipitation in Portugal are necessary. This study is focused on analyzing climate change projections for seasonal (3-month) precipitation totals and their corresponding extremes over mainland Portugal. Taking into account the strong seasonality of the precipitation regimes in Portugal, winter (DJF) and summer (JJA) are considered separately. Precipitation datasets generated by a 16-member ensemble of regional climate model experiments from the ENSEMBLES project are used. Percentile-based indices of precipitation are computed and analyzed for a recent past period (1961-2000) and for a near future period (2041-2070). Results for the R5p, R50p and R95p indices highlight significant projected changes in precipitation, with a clear distinction between northwestern Portugal and the rest of the country in both seasons. Overall, precipitation is projected to decrease in both seasons, particularly over northwestern Portugal in winter, despite some significant regional differences. Although precipitation is projected to decrease in most cases, extremely high seasonal precipitations (above the 95th percentile)areexpected to increase in winter.

  7. Transnational citizenship: Latin Americans in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Padilla

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection upon the exercising of transnational citizenship as a consequence of international migration, applied to Latin Americans resident in Portugal. In order to do this we have adopted the concept of transnational citizenship, as its malleability allows us to consider the whole concept of countries of origin and destination and the influence of bilateral and international relations. We ask how transnational citizenship is exercised in the European Union, Ibero-American and, particularly, Portuguese spaces, and whether it is affected by the economic crisis in Europe and, in particular, Portugal, by analysing the cases of Argentines, Brazilians and Uruguayans living in Portugal.

  8. [Carbon monoxide intoxications in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Márcia Christel; Rodrigues, Rui Paulo; Moura, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    The prevalence of carbon monoxide intoxication in the World shows that this is a common situation. In Portugal, there are no concrete data available in literature and its incidence remains unknown. Currently, the use of hyperbaric oxygen is a valid therapeutic for carbon monoxide poisoning management. However, its effectiveness and its proper handling are still controversial. The first aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of carbon monoxide intoxication in Portugal and to analyze its demographic characteristics. The second objective of this work was to evaluate the possible change in the type of treatment applied in areas near de hyperbaric chamber of Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, since its opening in June 2006. To achieve these objectives, we conducted a survey on admissions data for carbon monoxide intoxication occured between January first, 2000 and December 31, 2007. These data was collected in seven hospitals and in the Administração Central do Sistema de Saúde, I.P. Nationally, 621 hospitalizations were recorded, which represents an incidence of 5,86/100000 in 8 years. In the seven hospitals, there were 93 hospitalizations due to carbon monoxide intoxication during the same period of time. There was a peak of incidence during winter, between November and March and there was a similar distribution in men (47,3%) and women (52,7%). Since June 2006, date of opening of the hyperbaric chamber, the Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, E.P.E. recorded a sharp increase in the number of hospitalization for carbon monoxide intoxication. The number of admissions in the 19 months after the chamber opening was double the number of all cases occurred in that institution in the 65 months prior. We concluded that, in Portugal, carbon monoxide intoxication is an uncommon situation but it´s still an important cause of hospitalization. The referral of cases to the Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, E.P.E. since the opening of hyperbaric chamber

  9. Optometry in Portugal: a historical perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Eduardo; Baptista, António M. G.; Sousa, Raul A. R. C.

    2011-05-01

    The establishment and development of optometry in Portugal resulted from the committed work of many individuals and institutions. These efforts have had good results in terms of raising the public's awareness of the major role played by optometrists in primary eye care. Back in the late 80's higher education in optometry was started. Ten years ago the results of scientific research on the topic first became available and are now also contributing to the success of optometry in Portugal. In regard to the optometry profession, specific regulations are to be discussed in the national parliament. The Associação de Profissionais Licenciados de Optometria (APLO), as the professional organization representing optometrists in Portugal, has been critically important in this process. This article will present an overview of the history of optometry in Portugal, of change in the foreseeable future and of the APLO's experience and activities.

  10. Wind power costs in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saleiro, C. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Biological Engineering (Portugal); Araujo, M.; Ferreira, P. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Production and Systems (Portugal)

    2007-05-15

    In a way to reduce the external energy dependence, increasing also the investments in renewable energy sources and aiming for the concretization of the European renewable objectives, the Portuguese government defined a goal of 5100 MW of installed wind power, up to 2012. If the drawn objectives are accomplished, by 2010 the wind power share may reach values comparable to leading countries like Denmark, Germany or Spain. The Portuguese forecasts also indicate a reinforcement of the natural gas fired generation in particular through the use of the combined cycle technology, following the European tendency. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating cost of wind power and CCGT in Portugal. A life cycle cost analysis was conducted, including investment costs, O and M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions, for each type of technology. For the evaluation of the externalities ExternE values were used. The results show that presently the wind power production cost is higher than the CCGT one, at least from the strictly financial point of view. CCGT costs increase significantly when charges for externalities are included. However, they only reach levels higher than the equivalents for wind power for high externality costs estimations. This partially results from the low load factor of the wind farms in Portugal and also from the low emission levels of the gas fired technology used in the comparison. A sensitive analysis of the technical and economical parameters was also conducted. Particular attention was given to the natural gas prices due to the possible increase over time. The fuel escalation rate is the parameter that has larger effects on the final costs. It was verified that the total cost of wind plant is more influenced by the load factor than the total cost of CCGT. (au)

  11. Care transition and network activation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Santana, Silvina; M. Viana

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To report on the use of a user-centred model and methodology to assess the quality of care transition and network activation action, in light of an ongoing home supported discharge procedure for stroke patients in Portugal. Theory In Portugal, the health care system presents weaknesses resulting from a remarkable diversity of entry points, inadequate use of scarce and expensive resources and difficult information flow between institutions and professionals. The social care network is ...

  12. Sustainable Offshore Wind Potential in Continental Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, P.; Simões, T. (Tânia); Estanqueiro, Ana

    2010-01-01

    This study intends to depict the availability of the sustainable offshore wind energy for Continental Portugal and identify the preliminary areas for developing offshore wind parks. Two scenarios were performed to distinct the different offshore wind turbine prototypes assembled by the manufactory energy sector – bottom fixed and floating models. The results achieved until now indicate that Portugal has a very large potential for offshore wind deployments ready to be exploited, especial...

  13. Overview on transportation infrastructure research in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da

    2003-01-01

    The road infrastructures in Portugal have a great importance in the general transportation system, and the investments made in the last decades in the Portuguese road network resulted in road infrastructures of very good quality, classified by OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) in the best places between the OECD countries. Concomitantly, the number of road accidents in Portugal deeply decreased into values only observed a few decades ago, when the traffi...

  14. Fish Farming and Otters in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Trindade A.

    1991-01-01

    In Portugal fish farming has expanded very rapidly in the last decade, with trout, mullet, cuttlefish, seabream, eel, salmon and prawns being intensively reared in artificial ponds. A questionnaire was sent to all known fish farmers to assess the effect of predation, especially by otters; no compensation scheme exists in Portugal. This paper discusses the results of this exercise. It is suggested that fish farmers need to look beyond economic and technological aspects of aquaculture and consi...

  15. The natural gas industry in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article makes a synthesis of the evolution of the natural gas sector in Portugal since the end of the 1990's. The aim of the energy policy of Portugal was the creation of a liberalized energy market capable to ensure the security of the energy supplies and to encourage the energy efficiency in order to reduce the environmental impact. The success of the introduction of natural gas in Portugal perfectly fulfills these goals. Since 1997, the natural gas consumption has increased significantly. The start-up of the methane terminal of Sines allows the diversification of the supply sources and contributes to the growth of the offer. The opening of the market is under development. It will allow the main consumers to select their supplier among those present on the Portuguese market. GALP company should keep its leader position and its daughter company 'Gas du Portugal' should reach 300 MW of power generation capacities by 2005 with the development of multi-energy services. The creation of an Iberian energy market between Spain and Portugal should speed up in 2004 leading to deep modifications in the energy sector of southern Europe. (J.S.)

  16. Primeras evidencias de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simón Vallejo, María D.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the first evidence for Palaeolithic portable art in Southern Portugal. This include two plaques, dated between 20,500 and 19,500 BP from Solutrean levels from the site of Vale Boi, Western Algarve (Portugal. One of the pieces is a small engraved schist plaque (14,6 × 8,1 mm with abstract lines on one side. The other artefact is an 8 × 5 cm schist plaque. One side is an oxide natural deposit, used to produce dye; the other side has three aurochs and a probable cervid. Stilistic information and the engraving sequence indicate probably production by a single artist. The stylistic characteristics are in full agreement withi those from late Gravettian and early Solutrean art known from Valencia, Andalucia (Spain and the Côa valley (Portugal, thus confirming the absolute AMS dates from the Vale Boi Levels.

    En este trabajo presentamos la primera evidencia de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal: dos plaquetas de pizarra procedentes de niveles solutrenses del yacimiento de Vale Boi, zona occidental del Algarve (Portugal. La primera de las piezas es una pequeña placa (14,6 × 8,1 mm que presenta sobre una de sus caras un ideomorfo grabado. La segunda (8 × 5 cm cuenta con una superficie ocupada por óxido de hierro natural de color amarillento, tiene claros indicios de extracción de mineral para producir colorantes. En la superficie opuesta han sido grabados tres uros y una posible cierva. El estilo y secuencia de los grabados apuntan a un solo artista. Las características estilísticas de los zoomorfos concuerdan bien con los rasgos comunes del arte del ciclo Gravetiense final y Solutrense antiguo del País Valenciano, Andalucía y Valle de Côa (Portugal. Esta afinidad sintoniza asimismo con las fechas AMS de los niveles solutrenses de Vale Boi, datados entre ca. 20.500 y 19.500 BP.

  17. Enoturismo em Portugal: as Rotas de Vinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simões, Orlando

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, as supported by the Dyonisios program of the European Union, the wine routes have been the most visible face of the wine tourism practice in Portugal. Since these thematic routes have no specific rules, they usually depend on the initiative of the promoters, namely through the creation of adherent/promoters associations or other institutions, like the Regional Viticulture Commissions, and Tourism Regions. This article aims at analysing the basis for the development of wine tourism in Portugal and its structure around wine routes. The socioeconomics traits of both the vineyards and wine, are analysed. The existing routes in Portugal are presented and their strengths and limitations are identi-fied.

  18. Enoturismo em Portugal: as Rotas de Vinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Simões

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, as supported by the Dyonisios program of the European Union, the wine routes have been the most visible face of the wine tourism practice in Portugal. Since these thematic routes have no specific rules, they usually depend on the initiative of the promoters, namely through the creation of adherent/promoters associations or other institutions, like the Regional Viticulture Commissions, and Tourism Regions. This article aims at analysing the basis for the development of wine tourism in Portugal and its structure around wine routes. The socioeconomics traits of both the vineyards and wine, are analysed. The existing routes in Portugal are presented and their strengths and limitations are identified.

  19. Fish Farming and Otters in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trindade A.

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal fish farming has expanded very rapidly in the last decade, with trout, mullet, cuttlefish, seabream, eel, salmon and prawns being intensively reared in artificial ponds. A questionnaire was sent to all known fish farmers to assess the effect of predation, especially by otters; no compensation scheme exists in Portugal. This paper discusses the results of this exercise. It is suggested that fish farmers need to look beyond economic and technological aspects of aquaculture and consider the wider environmental impact of their activities.

  20. Evolução do Fast Fit da reparação automóvel em Portugal: caso Midas Portugal, S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Farinha, Catarina Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    The dissertation presented herein - “Evolution of Fast Fit car repair and servicing in Portugal, Midas Portugal, S.A.” - aims to publicizethe subject of Fast Fit car repair and its evolution in Portugal. The Fast Fit sector (fast car repair) has faced some recent changes and a sustainable growth in Portugal. The dissertation presents Midas Portugal, SA Case Study, a Fast Fit chain operating in Portugal. This study is thus divided into two parts: 1. Theoretical framewo...

  1. Valley polarization in bismuth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fauque, Benoit

    2013-03-01

    The electronic structure of certain crystal lattices can contain multiple degenerate valleys for their charge carriers to occupy. The principal challenge in the development of valleytronics is to lift the valley degeneracy of charge carriers in a controlled way. In bulk semi-metallic bismuth, the Fermi surface includes three cigar-shaped electron valleys lying almost perpendicular to the high symmetry axis known as the trigonal axis. The in-plane mass anisotropy of each valley exceeds 200 as a consequence of Dirac dispersion, which drastically reduces the effective mass along two out of the three orientations. According to our recent study of angle-dependent magnetoresistance in bismuth, a flow of Dirac electrons along the trigonal axis is extremely sensitive to the orientation of in-plane magnetic field. Thus, a rotatable magnetic field can be used as a valley valve to tune the contribution of each valley to the total conductivity. As a consequence of a unique combination of high mobility and extreme mass anisotropy in bismuth, the effect is visible even at room temperature in a magnetic field of 1 T. Thus, a modest magnetic field can be used as a valley valve in bismuth. The results of our recent investigation of angle-dependent magnetoresistance in other semi-metals and doped semiconductors suggest that a rotating magnetic field can behave as a valley valve in a multi-valley system with sizeable mass anisotropy.

  2. Rickettsia slovaca Infection in Humans, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    De Sousa, R.; Pereira, B. I.; Nazareth, C.; Cabral, S.; Ventura, C.; Crespo, P; Marques, N; Cunha, S

    2013-01-01

    Fifteen years after the initial detection of Rickettsia slovaca in ticks in Portugal, 3 autochthonous cases of R. slovaca infection were diagnosed in humans. All patients had an eschar on the scalp and lymphadenopathy; 2 patients had facial edema. R. slovaca infection was confirmed by serologic testing, culture, and PCR.

  3. Social housing in Portugal and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Andersen, Hans Thor

    The social housing sector has become increasingly residualized and segregated in Portugal and Denmark. Whilst there is a considerable difference between the systems in these two countries, as regards issues of management and governance, dominant rent regimes (cost rent, social rent) or eligibility...

  4. Child Poverty in Portugal: Dimensions and Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Amelia; Nunes, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses the extent and persistence of child poverty in Portugal between 1995 and 2001. Data from the Portuguese component of the European Community Household Panel Survey (ECHP) are used to estimate child poverty rates and children's flows in and out of poverty. The article focuses upon an analysis based on family income and on a set…

  5. Millipedes (Diplopoda) from caves of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Millipedes play an important role in the decomposition of organic matter in the subterranean environment. Despite the existence of several cave-adapted species of millipedes in adjacent geographic areas, their study has been largely ignored in Portugal. Over the last decade, intense fieldwork in ...

  6. Migrants and Health in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Bäckström

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to atain knowledge on immigrant´s health related problems and to identify their dificulties when acesing health care services. The article describes immigrant´s dificulties when acesing health care services that are visiting the health ofice at a National Immigrant Support Centre.Design: : A qualitative study was conducted, analysing available documentation and observing the health isues dealt with at the National Immigrant Support Centre’s (CNAI Health Ofice. The 148 cases are mainly immigrants coming from Portuguese speaking African countries for health purposes. Immigrants from Brazil have more restricted aces, and feel discrimination on the part of the services. Immigrants from Eastern Europe come in search of information and have communication dificulties. Obstacles are related to the lack of knowledge of the law, but also to the failure of puting the law into practice. The ofice has had a great demand of users seeking information and in acesingthe health care system.Results: The cases analysed are mainly nationals from Portuguese Speaking African Countries (PSAC, Brazil and countries in Eastern Europe. The majority of the immigrants coming from PSAC are patients receiving treatment under international Cooperation Agreements requesting financial and social support. Immigrants from Brazil have more restricted aces and feel greater discrimination on the part of the services. New Labour Migrants from Eastern Europe, on the other hand, come in search of information and are known to have communication dificulties.Conclusions: Legislation in Portugal provides aces to health care to al citizens, regardles of their legal condition and origin. However, some immigrants have had significant dificulties with aces to Portugal’s National Health Service. The obstacles are not only related to the lack of legal knowledge, but also to the failure of puting the law into practice, which requires atention by

  7. Muslim Slaves and Freedmen in Medieval Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soyer, François

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of slavery in medieval Portugal has focused almost exclusively on the status and fate of the sub-Saharan Africans who started to arrive in the kingdom from 1441 onwards. The work of A. C. de C. M Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 has been particularly important in this respect. In stark contrast to this, the fate of the substantial number of Muslim slaves who lived and worked in Portugal during the medieval period has to a large extent been overlooked. Using documentary evidence obtained from the national Portuguese archives, this article proposes to analyse in detail the origins of these slaves, their economic and social role and the laws that were promulgated to control them and their owners. The status of freedmen and manumission practices are also closely studied.

    El estudio de la esclavitud en el Portugal medieval ha sido dominado por estudios sobre los esclavos oriundos del África subsahariana que comenzaron a ser importados en aquel reino desde 1441. La obra de A. C. de C. M. Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 ha sido particularmente importante a este respecto. En contraste con esta situación, se sabe relativamente poco de los esclavos musulmanes en el reino medieval de Portugal. Utilizando nuevas fuentes documentales del archivo nacional portugués, este artículo se propone examinar los orígenes de estos esclavos musulmanes y su posición económica y social en el Portugal del medievo, así como las leyes reales que fueron promulgadas para controlar a los esclavos y a sus dueños. La posición social de los libertos y las prácticas de manumisión serán también estudiadas.

  8. Silicon Valley Ecosystem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2005-01-01

    @@ It is unlikely that any industrial region of the world has received as much scrutiny and study as Silicon Valley. Despite the recent crash of Internet and telecommunications stocks,Silicon Valley remains the world's engine of growth for numerous high-technology sectors.

  9. Rift Valley Fever Virus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-transmitted virus or arbovirus that is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. In the last decade, Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreaks have resulted in loss of human and animal life, as well as had significant economic impact. The disease in livestock is primarily a...

  10. Neo-Lamarckism in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almaça, Carlos

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Darwinism was championed in Portugal by the University and progressionist political parties from the 1860's on. Neo-Darwinism was neglected in its proper time and so the acceptance of the inheritance of acquired characters continued over the first decades of the 20th century. Men of medical education who were professors of Biology at the University of Oporto supported neo-Lamarckian theories in early 20th century. The first one has been Américo Pires de Lima (1886-1966, professor of Botany, whose doctoral dissertation sustaining early Darwinism and neo-Lamarckism was presented in 1912. This thesis, as well as a few neo-Lamarckian publications with antropological significance, are commented and discussed in the present paper.



    El Darwinismo fue defendido en Portugal en la Universidad y por los partidos políticos progresistas durante la década de los años 60 del siglo XIX. El neo-darwinismo fue ignorado en su tiempo y así continuó la aceptación de la herencia de los caracteres adquiridos a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Los profesores de biolog

  11. Analysing the factors affecting gully development and their relationships with land-use changes in the east Alentejo (Portugal)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The land abandonment and land-use changes as a consequence of the implementation of the European Union common Agricultural Policy (C. A. P.) in the SE of Portugal, have been generating, differences in the equilibrium of the geomorphic processes. The head waters catchments of some of the Guadiana River tributaries show in the study area several degrees of gully initiation and development both on the hillsides and valley bottom in fill. this gully generation process is closely related with the changes in the soil and cover properties occurring when agricultural practises have been replaced by intensive grazing areas or by abandoned land. (Author) 7 refs.

  12. Business Creation in Portugal: A Viewpoint on Data Comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa De Morais Sarmento; Alcina Nunes

    2014-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register's and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  13. Family and General Medicine in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Costa

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available General and Family Medicine in Portugal as a medical specialty has evolved in the past few decades much the same way as in other European countries. This article aims to describe the various changes that have taken place over the years, in terms of career reform and medical training, which together have brought about the present model for General and Family Medicine training.  It succinctly delineates the stages in training, including the main objectives at each step, the difficulties and the many challenges encountered along the way, as well as the methods of evaluation during the internship. The main objective of this article is to inform how training in family medicine is conducted and how one can embark on this career path in Portugal

  14. In Portugal, the energy revolution is underway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As at the beginning of 2013, 70 per cent of the electricity consumed in Portugal had a renewable origin, this article outlines that this result is based on a strong-willed policy. In fact, Portugal entered the energy transition in 2001 with its '4E program' (energy efficiency and endogenous energies) which aimed at reaching 60 per cent of renewable energies in electricity consumption by 2020. This program was based on a strong development of wind and hydraulic energy. Moreover, the country developed its own capacities for the manufacturing of wind turbines. On another hand, other renewable energies (notably solar energy) seem a bit late although several projects are underway. As far as hydraulic energy, a dam project is a matter of controversy

  15. Seismicity and earthquake risk in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Bezzeghoud, M.; Borges, J. F.; Caldeira, B.; Grandin, R.

    2006-01-01

    The workshop “Earthquake monitoring and Earthquake Risk in WEstern Mediterranean” (EERWEM) will summarize the current knowledge, on-going projects and research plans with regard to seismic activity and risk in the region. This work is organized in two topics: i) presentation of our current research on seismic activity and earthquake risk in the Western Mediterranean region, particularly in Portugal and ii) a short training course about seismic data processing and waveform analysis. Some appli...

  16. Biogas in Portugal: status and public policies

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Miguel; Malico, Isabel; Marques, Isabel Paula

    2009-01-01

    Portugal has recently implemented a number of measures and monitoring mechanisms that seek to promote renewable energy sources as a way of protecting the environment and assuring a sustainable development. In its policy for renewable energies, 39% of the electricity from renewable energy sources was defined as target for 2010. Biogas arises as a useful energy source by its direct conversion into heat and electricity or by injection into a natural gas network. This work reviews the Portuguese ...

  17. The ABC model for telework in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Rui M. R.; Coelho, José Dias

    1996-01-01

    The principal aim of this paper is to develop a simple and objective model which can classify an systematise telework, and provide a standard for Portugal. This model defines special concepts of telework and allows the division of the activity in this area, making its application easier. The model was constructed on the basis of four perspectives which it has to cover: the economic and social, of the employers, of the teleworkers and the suppliers of goods and services.

  18. A Bayesian Modelling of Wildfires in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Giovani L.; Soares, Paulo; Marques, Susete; Dias, Inês M.; Oliveira, Manuela M.; Borges, Guilherme J.

    2015-01-01

    In the last decade wildfires became a serious problem in Portugal due to different issues such as climatic characteristics and nature of Portuguese forest. In order to analyse wildfire data, we employ beta regression for modelling the proportion of burned forest area, under a Bayesian perspective. Our main goal is to find out fire risk factors that influence the proportion of area burned and what may make a forest type susceptible or resistant to fire. Then, we analyse wildfire...

  19. Runoff erosion in Portugal: A broad overview

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Tomás

    2013-01-01

    Soils are generally a scarce natural resource in Portugal as far as productivity is concerned (CNROA, 1983; Agroconsultores e Coba, 1991; Agroconsultores e Geometral, 1995). In fact, the major part of the territory is potentially not suitable for agriculture, corresponding to areas with misuse and over-exploitation of the soil resource in cropland, and to typical marginal land cover by forests and shrubs. The soils with moderate and high suitability are under agricultural use, more or less in...

  20. Stroke patients’ pathways to rehabilitation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silvina Santana; Patrícia Redondo; Conceição Neves; José Rente; Marta Viana; Mariana Ribeiro; Nina Szczygiel

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To report on stroke patients’ pathways to rehabilitation in Portugal, in light of an ongoing EHSD procedure. Theory and methods The Portuguese government has created the National Network of Continuous Integrated Care (RNCCI) to reduce costly acute care and length of stay in hospitals by substituting less costly care closer to the community. The network is based on establishing protocols with existing institutions, designated according to the kind of services they provide as convalesce...

  1. Wages and Job Satisfaction in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, José; Couto, João; Borges-Tiago, Maria Teresa

    2004-01-01

    The interest in the analysis of job satisfaction has increased among economists. Indeed, reported levels of satisfaction have been seen as a good predictor of individual behaviour such as job turnover, productivity and absenteeism. Because of this, several studies have tried to identify the determinants of job satisfaction. This paper is concerned with job satisfaction in Portugal. For this purpose, we use the first six waves of the European Household Panel Data (ECHP). The panel nature of th...

  2. Tourism Demand in Portugal: Market Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Paulo M.M. Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal. To frame this development, several panel data models were estimated. The main objective is to explain the evolution of overnight stays by nationality in each region. Secondary data from 2000 to 2010 was used. The analysis includes the main tourism markets, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. Tourism literature suggests that, among others, th...

  3. Silent surfaces : an experience in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Elisabete F.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Paulo, Joel; Coelho, J. L. Bento; Anfosso-Lédée, F.

    2008-01-01

    It is acknowledged that traffic noise affects human behaviour and health. Measures aiming at mitigating the impact of traffic noise are not always viable in urban areas. In Portugal, road designers have recently started to consider silent surfaces as alternative within their road pavement projects. In this paper the tire-surface noise of three surface layers integrated in a rehabilitation project carried out in an urban road that carries more than 40000 vehicles per day is a...

  4. Silent surfaces : An experience in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    FREITAS, E; P. Pereira; J. Paulo; BENTO COELHO, J; Anfosso Ledee, Fabienne

    2008-01-01

    It is acknowledged that traffic noise affects human behaviour and health. Measures aiming at mitigating the impact of traffic noise are not always viable in urban areas. In portugal, road designers have recently started to consider silent surfaces as alternative within their road pavement projects. In this paper the tire-surface noise of three surface layers integrated in a rehabilitation project carried out in an urban road that carries more than 40000 vehicles per day is assessed : 1) on de...

  5. Consumer behavior: Online grocery shopping in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    ROLA, MARIANA

    2015-01-01

    Living in the digital era, activities that have for centuries acted one way, have now changed and entered the online world, and online grocery shopping is one of them. It is a worldwide phenomenon and is already a significant part of people’s lifestyle in several countries however, in Portugal, it is still in expansion and improvement. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, this study allowed to estimate how the perceived risk and shopping orientation counterbalances the conv...

  6. Potential of Equestrian Tourism in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Magalhães, Nuno; Barroco, Cristina; Antunes, Joaquim

    2015-01-01

    Portugal offers a vast number of factors that boost the development of the national equestrian tourism. Equestrian tourism represents an important opportunity for the qualification and differentiation of the national tourism, as well as stimulating rural economies, helping to combat seasonality and asymmetries. The aim of this study is to understand how critical success factors such as the Lusitano horse, the national equestrian culture, the landscape diversity, among others, are important fo...

  7. Motivations for social entrepreneurship: evidences from Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Proença, Teresa; Ferreira, Marisa R.; João F. Proença

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this article is to explore the factors that motivate people to create, develop and maintain a social entrepreneurship project and also to explore the difficulties and expectations social entrepreneurs face. The research is based on an exploratory study that includes the collection and analysis of qualitative data, involving 13 interviews to social entrepreneurs from Portugal.The study provides information about the motivations that take individuals to initiate and maintain...

  8. Digital History in Portugal: a survey

    OpenAIRE

    Guardado, Cristina; Borges, Maria Manuel

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of concepts like “digital humanities” and “digital history” shows how digital technology is becoming increasingly important to the humanities and corresponding disciplines. This study is a first look into digital history in Portugal. Using information available on the Web, it is possible to see that historians are using more and more digital tools to complete and communicate their work as well as to collaborate with other researchers.

  9. Developments in Public Accounting in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Maria José da Silva Fernandes

    2009-01-01

    In Portugal we are assisting, since the nineties, to the reform of all public accounting, having as main innovations the utilization of double entry system and the obligatoryness to implement three accounting systems: budget accounting, patrimonial and cost accounting. In the systems of patrimonial and cost accounting, it will be used the accrual systems. The publication of the first Public Accounting Plan (POCP) in 1997 identifies the change from a traditional public accounting, which main o...

  10. The accessible tourism in Andalusia and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Jurado Almonte, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT: There is a relevant and growing number of people with some degree of sensory and physical disability in Portugal, Spain, including Andalusia, and the European Union, who want to be able to enjoy leisure and tourism. Therefore, in addition to the creation of legislature, an economic opportunity should be added. The various tourism models that already exist (sun and beach, rural, cultural tourism, adventure tourism, etc.) can and should also be categorised as «access...

  11. Winter tourism in Portugal - encouraging its increase

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Raul Ressano

    2014-01-01

    Every year between seventy thousand and one hundred thousand Portuguese practice winter sports,mainly skiing and snowboarding (Carvalho, 2006). Unfortunately for Portuguese tourism most of them go abroad to spend their money.Serra da Estrela is the only mountain where it is possible to practice winter sports in Portugal but it doesn’t attract many Portuguese. Problems with accessibility (Petur,2006) inexistency of accommodation near the ski slopes (Carvalho,2006) and not enough kilometers ...

  12. Hydro-geomorphologic disasters in Portugal: mortality trends in the past 150 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Susana; Zêzere, José L.; Quaresma, Ivânia; Santos, Pedro P.; Santos, Mónica

    2015-04-01

    important cluster in the Lisbon Region and in the Tagus valley, Oporto and Coimbra cities, where simultaneously, natural conditions are favorable to floods and a high number of people are exposed to flood hazard (e.g. residential buildings and economic activities installed in floodplains). The occurrence of landslide fatalities is mostly constrained in the north of the Tagus valley, where geologic and geomorphologic conditions are more landslide-prone than in the southern part of the country. Flash floods caused the majority of fatalities associated with floods, while falls and flows were responsible for the highest frequency of fatalities associated with landslides. The temporal evolution of flood fatalities reflects the implementation of territorial management policies and the improving of early warning systems for floods and the evacuation of people living in floodplain areas prior major flood events, in Portugal in the latest four decades. In the case of landslides, despite the improving in the quality of buildings construction, fatalities generated by landslides are still frequent because buildings are often located in hazardous slopes. In addition, so far no early warning system for landslide was implemented in Portugal. This research was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). The first author is a Post-Doc fellow funded by FCT (SFRH/BPD/69002/2010).

  13. Blitzen Valley Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The 64,000 acre Blitzen Valley unit of Malheur National Wildlife Refuge is not producing enough wildlife to meet the refuge's migratory bird objectives. The area...

  14. Geometry of Valley Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Petroff, Alexander P; Abrams, Daniel M; Lobkovsky, Alexander E; Kudrolli, Arshad; Rothman, Daniel H

    2011-01-01

    Although amphitheater-shaped valley heads can be cut by groundwater flows emerging from springs, recent geological evidence suggests that other processes may also produce similar features, thus confounding the interpretations of such valley heads on Earth and Mars. To better understand the origin of this topographic form we combine field observations, laboratory experiments, analysis of a high-resolution topographic map, and mathematical theory to quantitatively characterize a class of physical phenomena that produce amphitheater-shaped heads. The resulting geometric growth equation accurately predicts the shape of decimeter-wide channels in laboratory experiments, 100-meter wide valleys in Florida and Idaho, and kilometer wide valleys on Mars. We find that whenever the processes shaping a landscape favor the growth of sharply protruding features, channels develop amphitheater-shaped heads with an aspect ratio of pi.

  15. Population diversity of Theileria annulata in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Jacinto; Salgueiro, Patrícia; Inácio, João; Amaro, Ana; Pinto, João; Tait, Andy; Shiels, Brian; Pereira da Fonseca, Isabel; Santos-Gomes, Gabriela; Weir, William

    2016-08-01

    The tick-borne protozoan parasite Theileria annulata causes tropical theileriosis, a severe disease of cattle that occurs across the Mediterranean littoral, the Middle East and Southern Asia. In the Mediterranean region, the disease has long been perceived as being a constraint to livestock production in North Africa and Turkey but was believed to have minimal impact in Southern European countries. It has recently been demonstrated that in Southern Portugal the prevalence of T. annulata is approximately 30%. While the population genetics of the parasite and the multiplicity of infection in the bovine host have been studied in a number of countries, no information is currently available on the composition of the parasite population in Southern Europe or its relationship to populations in bordering regions. A parasite genotyping system, based on micro- and mini-satellite amplification, was used to perform genetic analysis of T. annulata populations from T. annulata infected cattle in twelve farms in Southern Portugal. A diversity of genotypes and a high multiplicity of infection were found, suggesting that the parasite possesses a panmictic population in this region. In comparison with genotypes found in Tunisia and Turkey, parasites from Portugal form a genetically distinct group and show lower genetic diversity. PMID:27109468

  16. Municipal solid waste disposal in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal has been one of the most important environmental problems for all of the Portuguese regions. The basic principles of MSW management in Portugal are: (1) prevention or reduction, (2) reuse, (3) recovery (e.g., recycling, incineration with heat recovery), and (4) polluter-pay principle. A brief history of legislative trends in waste management is provided herein as background for current waste management and recycling activities. The paper also presents and discusses the municipal solid waste management in Portugal and is based primarily on a national inquiry carried out in 2003 and directed to the MSW management entities. Additionally, the MSW responsibility and management structure in Portugal is presented, together with the present situation of production, collection, recycling, treatment and elimination of MSW. Results showed that 96% of MSW was collected mixed (4% was separately collected) and that 68% was disposed of in landfill, 21% was incinerated at waste-to-energy plants, 8% was treated at organic waste recovery plants and 3% was delivered to sorting. The average generation rate of MSW was 1.32 kg/capita/day

  17. Lichens as biomonitors of atmospheric ammonium/ammonia deposition in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the present work was to evaluate the potentiality of lichens as biomonitors of NH4+/NH3 (ammonium/ammonia) and NO3- (nitrate) atmospheric deposition. For that, we used as a field station a rice plantation which is submitted, once a year, to air spraying fertilization with a mixture of nitrogen sources. Samples of an epiphytic lichen, Ramalina fastigiata, were collected from an ash-tree bordering the rice-plantation by the Sorraia River Valley (Central Portugal). The study started one month before fertilization and sampling was carried out for five months. The concentration of ammonium in the lichen was highly and significantly correlated with the number of days without precipitation before sampling, and had an inverse correlation with fluorescence values. Under these conditions, the amount of NH4+ found in the lichen appears to reflect ammonium/ammonia dry deposition. (author)

  18. The Mousterian complex in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Luís CARDOSO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Considering the available data, the Mousterian period is the only techno-complex from the Middle Paleolithic identified and characterized in Portugal. However, some of the sites referred in this work should be simply attributed to the Middle Paleolithic due to the lack of detailed elements. The site of Vale do Forno 8 probably represents the transition between the final Upper Paleolithic and the early Middle Paleolithic.The open-air sites such as the ones in the outskirts of Lisbon and on the left margin of the Tagus estuary, where vestiges are extremely abundant and the permanence for long periods correspond to sites of residential character.None of these sites were subject to extensive excavations in order to confirm this type of settlement and further knowledge of the social organization of the inhabited spaces. Other open-air sites located in fluvial terraces present smaller areas of occupation and were probably related to game activities, maybe seasonal in nature. This was the case of Santo Antão do Tojal, were elephants and horses were eventually captured, of Foz do Enxarrique were red deer was almost exclusive and of Vilas Ruivas, were faunal remains were not preserved but remains of wind-breaks or hunting blind structures were found associated with fireplaces and post-holes. Fireplaces were also found in Gruta da Buraca Escura and on the open-air site of Santa Cita.Caves such as Gruta da Oliveira and the Gruta Nova da Columbeira show long stratigraphic sequences and prolonged settlements, of residential type, though a few other caves also show temporary settlements related to game activities or the exploitation of geological resources. In most cases, there is an alternance of the cave occupation by humans and large carnivores. Food subsistence of humans was non-specialized, capturing large, mid and also small preys such as the rabbit, an abundant endemic species. The terrestrial turtle was also captured, especially in Gruta

  19. Environmental technology education in Portugal : analysis and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Brito, A. G.; L. F. Melo; Santana, F.

    2000-01-01

    The scope of the present communication is the current status of environmental engineering in Portugal. The different approaches concerning the environmental engineering courses available at undergraduate levels as well as some post-graduation studies are described. Furthermore, an analysis based on strengths, weakness, opportunities and trend issues regarding the environmental engineering profession in Portugal is presented.

  20. OECD Review of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyth, Alastair

    2010-01-01

    On 26 February in Lisbon a team from the OECD's Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) presented its first review of a national school building programme. The school building renovation programme in Portugal, which began in March 2007, involves the renovation of 332 schools by 2015. However, Portugal plans to complete 205 by the end of…

  1. Immigration and Supplementary Ethnic Schooling: Ukrainian Students in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tereshchenko, Antonina; Grau Cárdenas, Valeska Valentina

    2013-01-01

    Immigration from Eastern European countries to Portugal is a recent phenomenon. Within the last decade, economic migrants from Ukraine, Russia, Romania and Moldova set up a number of supplementary schools across the country. No academic attention has been given to the phenomenon of supplementary ethnic schools in Portugal, whilst there is a…

  2. Geologia de Portugal, Volume II, Geologia Meso-cenozóica de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui; Araújo, António Alexandre; Terrinha, Pedro; Kullberg, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Livro dedicado à actualização da Geologia Meso-cenozóica de Portugal com base em 12 artigos científicos dedicados à evolução geodinâmica do Território durante os ciclos Atlântico e de Tétis.

  3. Geologia de Portugal, Volume I, Geologia Pré-mesozóica de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui; Araújo, António Alexandre; Terrinha, Pedro; Kullberg, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Livro dedicado à actualização da Geologia Pré-mesozóica de Portugal, constituído por uma compilação de 22 artigos abrangendo, a estratigrafia, tectónica, magmatismo e metamorfismo do Maciço Ibérico.

  4. Valley-contrasting orbital angular momentum in photonic valley crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Xiaodong; Dong, Jianwen

    2016-01-01

    Valley, as a degree of freedom, has been exploited to realize valley-selective Hall transport and circular dichroism in two-dimensional layered materials. On the other hand, orbital angular momentum of light with helical phase distribution has attracted great attention for its unprecedented opportunity to optical communicagtions, atom trapping, and even nontrivial topology engineering. Here, we reveal valley-contrasting orbital angular momentum in all-dielectric photonic valley crystals. Selective excitation of valley chiral bulk states is realized by sources carrying orbital angular momentum with proper chirality. Valley dependent edge states, predictable by nonzero valley Chern number, enable to suppress the inter-valley scattering along zigzag boundary, leading to broadband robust transmission in Z-shape bend without corner morphological optimization. Our work may open up a new door towards the discovery of novel quantum states and the manipulation of spin-orbit interaction of light in nanophotonics.

  5. The future of nuclear power in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: 1. Introduction. The paper will be an update of the paper entitled 'Nuclear technology and energy in Portugal' prepared for the IAEA Workshop: 'Steps for Conducting Nuclear Power Plant Technology Assessments' which took place in Vienna on 17 - 20 November 2008. 2. Update on the ITN. The ITN continues to be the main institution in the country dealing with nuclear applications. A probable visit of the author to this institution before the conference will enable to supply more information, particularly on its readiness to develop capabilities to enacting the legal regulatory framework for nuclear power generation and the capacity to implement it. 3. Energy Policy, Supply and Demand in Portugal. An Update on the Energy Policy, Supply and Demand in Portugal will be supplied with the most recent figures extracted from the International Energy Agency in Paris and national sources. The present Administration continues to place emphasis on renewable forms of energy, without considering the nuclear option in the energy mix. The prospects for nuclear energy in Portugal have been affected by the ongoing economic crisis. This crisis has particularly affected the economy with has a low per capita GDP by European standards and is still too dependent on export oriented industries with a weak technology base. Entrepreneurs and government have became more concerned with short term measures , consequently the interest in nuclear energy , a long term endeavor, has taken a long step back. While the plans to pursue renewable energies continued unabated, the import of electric energy and oil and gas has increased in the recent two years. New licenses have been recently awarded for eight gas power plants. Prospects on whether the increase of energy demand will continue in the face of the ongoing economic downturn will be analyzed in the paper. Elections planned during 2009 for the European parliament, local bodies and the national parliament are not expect to change the

  6. Public Investment and Budgetary Consolidation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo M. Pereira; Maria de Fátima Pinho

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we find that public investment in durable goods has a positive effect on long-term economic performance in Portugal. We also find that these positive effects are not strong enough for public investment to pay for itself in the form of future tax revenues. Therefore, cuts in public investment in durable goods, although costly in terms of long-term economic performance seem to be an effective way of alleviating pressure on the public budget. It is important to note, however, that ...

  7. Reformismo Agrario y Liberalismo en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tengarrinha, José

    2008-01-01

    Los limitados procesos reformistas agrarios que se desarrollan en Portugal desde la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII hasta la revolución liberal presentan dos sentidos principales: lo primero, en el tiempo del gobierno de Pombal, tiene sobre todo preocupaciones fiscales sin molestar la nobleza titulada; lo segundo, desde el último cuarto del Setecientos, está inserto en la crisis del régimen señorial, buscando nuevas formulas de desarrollo de la agricultura y el apoyo de la burguesía rural. Desp...

  8. Custos indirectos associados à obesidade em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, João; Mateus, Céu

    2003-01-01

    RESUMO - A obesidade constitui um importante problema de saúde pública com consequências económicas de grande dimensão. Os obesos têm um risco acrescido de contrair doenças e de sofrer morte prematura devido a problemas como a diabetes, hipertensão arterial, AVC, insuficiência cardíaca e algumas neoplasias malignas. O presente estudo tem como objectivo estimar o custo económico indirecto (valor da produção perdida) associado à obesidade em Portugal no ano de 2002. O...

  9. Graffiti e street art em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, Marta Correia

    2014-01-01

    O seguinte trabalho tem como principal objectivo introduzir o estudo do graffiti e da street art no seio da história da arte em Portugal, como uma forma de arte contemporânea. O graffiti tem vindo a acompanhar a humanidade ao longo da história. De uma forma inconstante, este teve as mais diversas utilizações e é hoje considerado como um movimento artístico. Partindo de um estudo da prática do graffiti com início nas cidades americanas, procurou-se apresentar o processo que culminou com a s...

  10. Portugal; First Post-Program Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    The three year Fund-supported program that expired at end-June 2014 succeeded in stabilizing Portugal’s economy and restoring access to sovereign debt markets. Following the deep downturn of 2011–12, the economy has expanded in six of the last seven quarters, albeit at a moderate pace. The cumulative fiscal consolidation over the past three years has been substantial, and the current account is now in surplus. Regained policy credibility and benign market conditions have facilitated the r...

  11. Determinantes do endividamento municipal em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Fernando Diogo Vilaça

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Economia, Mercados e Políticas Públicas O objectivo desta dissertação consiste em analisar os factores que explicam o índice de endividamento dos Municípios portugueses entre 2003 e 2007. Em Portugal, os municípios surgiram no pós-25 de Abril de 1974 com atribuições desempenhadas até aí pela Administração Central. No entanto, nem sempre foram acompanhadas por transferências suficientes provocando o recurso ao crédito. Este endividamento municipal t...

  12. Asphalt rubber mixtures in Portugal: fatigue resistance

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Henrique; Batista, Fátima; Neves, José; Antunes, Maria de Lurdes; Fonseca, Paulo

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a study concerning the fatigue behaviour of asphalt mixtures with bitumen modified with high content of crumb rubber used in Portugal. For assessing the fatigue behaviour of this type of mixtures, four asphalt mixtures with high content of crumb rubber were used: two field bituminous mixtures – an open-graded and a gap-graded – both with granite aggregates; and two laboratory manufactured bituminous mixtures – an open-graded mixture with granite aggregates and a gap-graded...

  13. Acoustic characterization of historic cloisters in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, A; Anabela Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the results of field measurements in 20 cloisters of old monasteries in Portugal (length: 15 to 55 m and height: 3.7 to 8.5 m) regarding their acoustic behavior to some objective parameters: RT, RASTI and background sound level. The individual results show, for instance, that the mean measured values in each cloister for RASTI were from 0.33 to 0.64 (with a global mean value of 0.50 for all rooms) and for the RT (1 kHz) were from 1.0 to 4.5 s (with a global mean of 2.5 s f...

  14. Potencialidades do turismo equestre em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Magalhães, Nuno Manuel Fernandes

    2015-01-01

    Portugal apresenta um vasto conjunto de fatores que potenciam o desenvolvimento do turismo equestre nacional. A cavalo (turismo a cavalo) ou pelo cavalo (turismo do cavalo), o turismo equestre representa uma importante oportunidade para a qualificação e diferenciação da oferta turística nacional, assim como para a dinamização das economias rurais, ajudando a combater a sazonalidade e as assimetrias entre as regiões costeiras e do interior. Para a realização deste estudo, proced...

  15. Current status of nucleonic gauges in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nucleonic gauges are largely used in Portugal industry, despite the fact that design and manufacturing of prototypes of nucleonic gauges is rather limited. The modernization of some industrial sectors (cement, paper and civil engineering) has enhanced applications of nucleonic gauges and has created local capability but new legislation tends to restrict further spread of them. The Institute of Nuclear Technology is the only applied research institution developing nucleonic gauges for moisture, thickness and density, and elemental analysis, as well as providing assistance in calibration, safe operation and maintenance of them. (author)

  16. El sistema tributario local en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, Nina

    2006-01-01

    Portugal es un Estado unitario, lo que supone la existencia de un único ordenamiento jurídico originario. Sin embargo, la estructura político-administrativa del Estado portugués comprende cuatro clases de entidades territoriales menores, que tienen por finalidad la consecución de lo intereses propios de las poblaciones respectivas y que se distribuyen por dos niveles – regiones autónomas y autarquías. A las primeras la Constitución de la República Portuguesa atribuye un “poder tributario prop...

  17. Os arredores das cidades romanas de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Alarcão, Jorge

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The author has considered in previous papers three levels of Roman urban settlements: capital towns, vici and castella (Romanized hill-forts or villages; and «casais» or very small farm-houses. In the present paper, he considers the landscape on the outskirts of four Roman capital towns of Portugal and distinguishes three different landscapes: the first, with middle and small farms, sometimes, a villa; the second, with villages around the town, at some distance; finally, the villae in a centuriated landscape.[pt] O autor distinguiu, em anteriores trabalhos, três níveis de aglomerados populacionais —capitais de civitates, vici e castella/aldeias— e três níveis de estabelecimentos rurais— villae, granjas e casais. Neste artigo examina os arredores das cidades romanas de Portugal e distingue três tipos de paisagem: uma composta por granjas e casais, eventualmente algumas villae; outra, por aldeias, mais ou menos distantes umas das outras; e uma terceira, composta de villae num território centuriado.

  18. Developments in Public Accounting in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José da Silva Fernandes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal we are assisting, since the nineties, to the reform of all public accounting, having as main innovations the utilization of double entry system and the obligatoryness to implement three accounting systems: budget accounting, patrimonial and cost accounting. In the systems of patrimonial and cost accounting, it will be used the accrual systems. The publication of the first Public Accounting Plan (POCP in 1997 identifies the change from a traditional public accounting, which main objective was the execution and budgetary control to a modern public accounting with economical, financial and patrimonial information that serves as basis to the decision making and to the evaluation of public entities concerning the efficient, effective utilization and economy of the public resources, contributing, this way, to the implementation of the New Public Management. The objective of this work has two perspectives: to describe and analyze the situation in Portugal concerning the public accounting reform and to present some results consequent to twelve years of implementation.

  19. Breathing Valley Fever

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-04

    Dr. Duc Vugia, chief of the Infectious Diseases Branch in the California Department of Public Health, discusses Valley Fever.  Created: 2/4/2014 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 2/5/2014.

  20. Silicon Valley's Turnaround

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2006-01-01

    @@ During Silicon Valley's dramatic economic growth fueled by the Internet boom and business investment in information technology, employment in the region's high-tech sec tor tripled between 1995 and 2000. The economic boom gave rise to many new firms,drawing em ployees into high-tech jobs from other regions and other industries.

  1. Silicon Valley Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Silicon Valley is home to the most dynamic industries in the California economy. These industries--the high-tech sector--are driven by innovation, and each new wave of innovation is usually led by creative entrepreneurs starting new firms.

  2. CHINESE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY IN PORTUGAL: TRADITIONAL ETHNIC STRATEGIES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Reis Oliveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal in recent decades, just like in other welcoming countries, immigrants have reached levels of entrepreneurial activity that are higher than those of autochthonous citizens. However, a deeper analysis of the official data shows that not all immigrant groups have the same tendency to become entrepreneurs. In this respect, the Chinese stand out as being the group with the highest ratio of entrepreneurial activity in Portugal, despite the fact that their migration is a relatively recent phenomenon. What factors can explain the Chinese community’s disproportionate rate of entrepreneurial initiative? Do they possess any particular resources that make them more enterprising than the autochthonous population, or than other groups of immigrants? Does the context of Portugal hamper certain opportunities or in some way limit their economic integration into the job market? Do we find similar business strategies among other Chinese entrepreneurs residing in welcoming societies apart from that of Portugal? Why did Chinese business initiative grow at such an exceptional rate in Portugal in the late 1990s? By seeking answers to these questions, this article attempts to examine Chinese business strategies in Portugal, as well as their exceptional success rate in comparison with other entrepreneurial immigrants. To that end, the author has analysed the data gathered in a survey carried out on 309 Chinese entrepreneurs resident in Portugal (see Oliveira, 2005.

  3. A imagem da marca Portugal: comparação Portugal e Canadá

    OpenAIRE

    Verissimo, Angela Marina Janeiro

    2012-01-01

    O presente estudo pretende identificar a imagem da marca de Portugal como nação. Após uma revisão exaustiva da literatura existente na área de branding de nações e imagem do país, foi desenvolvido um modelo concetual com a intenção de avaliar a imagem do mesmo em várias dimensões . Pretende-se também, identifcar as perceções cognitivas e afetivas associadas a Portugal. Deste modo, foi desenvolvido um questionário online que foi adminstrado a uma amostra doméstica e estrangeira. Os resultados ...

  4. Landslide Susceptibility Evaluation on agricultural terraces of DOURO VALLEY (PORTUGAL), using physically based mathematical models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Ana; Bateira, Carlos; Laura, Soares; Fernandes, Joana; Gonçalves, José; Marques, Fernando

    2016-04-01

    The work focuses the evaluation of landslide susceptibility in Douro Region agricultural terraces, supported by dry stone walls and earth embankments, using two physically based models. The applied models, SHALSTAB (Montgomery et al.,1994; Dietrich et al., 1995) and SINMAP (PACK et al., 2005), combine an infinite slope stability model with a steady state hydrological model, and both use the following geophysical parameters: cohesion, friction angle, specific weight and soil thickness. The definition of the contributing areas is different in both models. The D∞ methodology used by SINMAP model suggests a great influence of the terraces morphology, providing a much more diffuse flow on the internal flow modelling. The MD8 used in SHALSTAB promotes an important degree of flow concentration, representing an internal flow based on preferential paths of the runoff as the areas more susceptible to saturation processes. The model validation is made through the contingency matrix method (Fawcett, 2006; Raia et al., 2014) and implies the confrontation with the inventory of past landslides. The True Positive Rate shows that SHALSTAB classifies 77% of the landslides on the high susceptibility areas, while SINMAP reaches 90%. The SINMAP has a False Positive Rate (represents the percentage of the slipped area that is classified as unstable but without landslides) of 83% and the SHALSTAB has 67%. The reliability (analyzes the areas that were correctly classified on the total area) of SHALSTAB is better (33% against 18% of SINMAP). Relative to Precision (refers to the ratio of the slipped area correctly classified over the whole area classified as unstable) SHALSTAB has better results (0.00298 against 0.00283 of SINMAP). It was elaborate the index TPR/FPR and better results obtained by SHALSTAB (1.14 against 1.09 of SINMAP). SHALSTAB shows a better performance in the definition of susceptibility most prone areas to instability processes. One of the reasons for the difference of predictive capacity of the models is related with the construction methods of contributory areas. The SHALSTAB susceptibility map shows better discrimination of the unstable areas, which is important to the estates decision makers in order to organize the priority of the hazard mitigation process. References Dietrich, W. E.; Reiss, R.; Hsu, M-L.; Montgomery, D.(1995) - A process-based model for colluvial soil depth and shallow landsliding using digital elevation data. Hydrological Processes. ISSN 1099-1085. Vol. 9, n.° 3-4, pp.383-400. Fawcett, T.(2006) - An introduction to ROC analysis. Pattern Recognition Letters. ISSN 0167-8655. Vol. 27, n.° 8, pp.861-874. Montgomery, David R.; Dietrich, William E.- A physically based model for the topographic control on shallow landsliding. Water Resources Research. ISSN 1944-7973. Vol. 30, n.° 4 (1994), p.1153-1171. Raia, S., [et al.]- Improving predictive power of physically based rainfall-induced shallow landslide models: a probabilistic approach. Geoscientific Model Development. ISSN 1991-959X. Vol. 7, n.° 2 (2014), p.495-514.

  5. Development and Codification of Private Law in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor Hamza

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The present short paper offers a referenced outline of the development and codification of private law in the history of Portugal from the Middle Ages to the latter half of the 20th century.

  6. Chrysothrix flavovirens, Lepraria elobata, and Ochrolechia arborea new to Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, SA; Tonsberg, T; Terron-Alfonso, A; Soares, AMVM

    2011-01-01

    Chrysothrix flavovirens, Lepraria elobata, and Ochrolechia arborea are reported as new to Portugal, based on surveys carried out in pine forests along the Portuguese coast. Data on the distribution, secondary products and ecology of the species are presented.

  7. Pliensbachian/Toarcian boundary: the proposed GSSP of Peniche (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    S Elmi

    2007-01-01

    The Peniche section (Portugal) is considered as a potential stratotype (GSSP) for the Pliensbachian/Toarcian boundary and it is analysed on the background of the available data on the ammonite successions from other Tethyan and NW European areas.

  8. Clusius In Portugal: One voyage, Multiple Encounters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Nobre de Carvalho

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available From 1564 to 1565, Clusius (1526-1609 travelled to the Iberican Peninsula as the tutor of the young heir of the Függers. This journey, which lasted nearly a year, took the two men to the most important cities in the Peninsula. If strolling through the Portuguese countryside demonstrated the peculiarities of the local flora to the botanist, the decreed visit to Lisbon offered many surprising experiences. The encounter with the work recently arrived from the Orient —Colóquios dos Simples e Drogas he Cousas Mediçinais da Índia, by Garcia de Orta (Goa, 1563— awakened his interest. The present article weaves together considerations on the multiple impacts that the botanist’s voyage to Portugal caused in European science of the time.

  9. Occupational exposure in Portugal in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study reports the occupational radiation doses for external exposure received in 1999 by the radiation workers monitored by the Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Department (DPRSN) in Portugal. Occupational exposures arise from conventional industry, research laboratories, the health or medical sector, and mining. There are no nuclear power plants in the country. There are two dosimetry systems running simultaneously at DPRSN, one based on film dosimetry and the other on thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD). In 1999, 8400 persons were monitored, 3100 with film and 5300 with TLD and the data presented in this report were obtained by using both technologies. The annual mean effective doses received from external radiation in the different fields of activity and the distribution of the annual effective dose by dose intervals are presented. The collective annual dose by field of activity is estimated and the contribution to the total annual collective dose is determined. (author)

  10. A cultura do vinho, China e Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Cong

    2012-01-01

    Proponho este tema com o objectivo de analisar e comparar as culturas do álcool na China e em Portugal. A aguardente 白酒báijiŭ, bebida alcoólica favorita entre os chineses, tem uma longa história e interessantes articulações com a antiquíssima cultura sínica, sobretudo na área da literatura, mas não só. Por outro lado, o vinho português, nos seus variados tipos, deve ser considerado uma "jóia" no mundo da agricultura europeia, e, à semelhança do que já referi, tendo em considera...

  11. Conhecer os utilizadores de Homebanking em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Negas, Mário Carrilho; Lopes, José Martinho

    2012-01-01

    O artigo tem como objetivo caracterizar os utilizadores dos serviços de homebanking em Portugal, e identificar quais as operações bancárias mais realizadas no âmbito do serviço de homebanking. A análise da população portuguesa quanto à utilização dos meios eletrónicos bancários divide-a em três grupos distintos: os utilizadores da banca tradicional, que apenas se relacionam com o seu banco deslocando-se à agência física; os utilizadores da primeira geração de canais eletrónicos, como as Caixa...

  12. Financial Report on the Internet in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Raquel Pinto Alves

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the advances in communication and information technologies dramaticallychanged the information flow and our notions of time and space. The Internet has been changingthe information policy of companies world-wide. Basically in all developed countries,companies are increasingly using the Internet to provide their financial information. Thisresearch presents an empirical study aiming to analyze the organization and informationprovided on the financial report of the 250 most profitable companies in Portugal, particularlytheir financial statements published on the Internet. After the observation and in-depth analysisof the websites of the above-mentioned companies, for the year 2002, it was concluded that 119companies (48% had a webpage on the internet. In what concerns the disclosure of financialinformation, only 51 (43% out of the 119 companies had some kind of financial informationstated on their websites.

  13. Safety of radioactive sources in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safety of radioactive sealed sources is assured in Portugal through a control system with a main goal of prevention of lost of control and inappropriate waste. The legal tools of the regulatory system are: authorization to use, keep, transfer or transport; a deposit of money as a guarantee; civil liability insurance; periodical information. The competent authority shall keep a national inventory of sealed sources. About 50% of the new sources authorized in 1999 were to be used in medical brachytherapy and industrial radiography. The radionuclide Ir-192 contributed with 99.6 % to the total amount of activity. The control system implemented in the country appears to be effective for activities over some GBq but quite ineffective for lower activities. It is supposed that the law will be revised in the near future to increase the effectiveness of the sealed source control system. (author)

  14. Green valley galaxies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The “green valley” is a wide region separating the blue and the red peaks in the ultraviolet-optical color magnitude diagram, first revealed using GALEX UV photometry. The term was coined by Christopher Martin (Caltech, in 2005. Green valley highlights the discriminating power of UV to very low relative levels of ongoing star formation, to which the optical colors, including u−r, are insensitive. It corresponds to massive galaxies below the star-forming, “main” sequence, and therefore represents a critical tool for the study of the quenching of star formation and its possible resurgence in otherwise quiescent galaxies. This article reviews the results pertaining to (predominantly disk morphology, structure, environment, dust content and gas properties of green valley galaxies in the local universe. Their relationship to AGN is also discussed. Attention is given to biases emerging from defining the “green valley” using optical colors. We review various evolutionary scenarios and we present evidence for a new one, the quasi-static view of the green valley, in which the majority (but not all of galaxies currently in the green valley were only partially quenched in the distant past and now participate in a slow cosmic decline of star formation, which also drives down the activity on the main sequence, presumably as a result of the dwindling accretion/cooling onto galaxy disks. This emerging synthetic picture is based on the findings from Fang et al. (2012, Salim et al. (2012 and Martin et al. (2007, as well as other results.

  15. Revitalizing the Mahoning Valley

    OpenAIRE

    T F Buss; Vaughan, R J

    1987-01-01

    For nearly a decade, since the closing of its steel mills, the Mahoning Valley in northeast Ohio has pursued a traditional development strategy, based upon large capital subsidies, to attract new or support existing businesses. These policies have failed. As a result, local business leaders have questioned the foundations of traditional policy and have developed an alternative strategy that involves a far broader set of state and local programs in the development process. The new strategy aim...

  16. España, Portugal y los falsos amigos | Spain, Portugal and the false friends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel RIVERO RODRÍGUEZ

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available España y Portugal son dos países que comparten mucho en el terreno de la historia, la cultura y la geografía. Sin embargo, esa misma proximidad se ha convertido muchas veces en el principal obstáculo para que cooperen entre sí.Desde la perspectiva portuguesa, la proximidad española se ha visto permanentemente como una amenaza a la independencia de Portugal. Desde el punto de vista de España, la cercanía de Portugal ha debilitado su consideración como país extranjero y ha acentuado un sentido de comunidad no siempre bien recibido por los portugueses. De modo que Portugal siempre ha querido diferenciarse y España ha respondido siempre aproximándose. Esta es la raíz del malentendido.Este cruce de percepciones distintas sobre el valor de proximidad, da lugar a todo tipo de equívocos, pues el deseo de diferenciación de uno puede entenderse como enemistad por el otro y, a la inversa, el de aproximación del segundo como invasión por el primero. Ejemplo de esto es lo que ocurre con la palabra iberismo, una palabra que se escribe igual en ambas lenguas pero que puede significar cosas opuestas, esto es, que puede ser un falso amigo. Así en las dos lenguas iberismo señala el ideal de una integración de ambos países, pero en portugués esto implica la subordinación de la soberanía portuguesa a la española y puede vincularse a la idea de traición; mientras que en español tiene una carga política mucho menor y puede apuntar a la simple simpatía por Portugal.En este artículo quiero mostrar cómo la proximidad de España y Portugal ha sido un obstáculo en las relaciones exteriores entre los dos países peninsulares, cuya comunicación ha sido distorsionada por los falsos amigos hasta el punto de convertirse, ellos mismos, en falsos amigos. Esto es, en países a los que se presupone una cercanía de propósitos que casi nunca se ve realizada en los hechos. Portugal and Spain are two countries that share history, culture and

  17. First report of acute autochthonous hepatitis E in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Duque, V; C. Ventura; Seixas, D.; Saraiva da Cunha, JG; Meliço-Silvestre, A.

    2012-01-01

    Hepatitis E infection is usually a self-limiting disease. In industrialized countries, sporadic cases of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections have been described; their number seems to be increasing in European countries. We report the first human case of autochthonous acute hepatitis E confirmed in Portugal. Patients with acute non-A-C hepatitis should be tested for HEV in Portugal and hepatitis E infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unexplained hepatitis cases.

  18. Corporate blended learning in Portugal: current status and future directions

    OpenAIRE

    Marçal, J.; Caetano, A.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to characterize the current status of blended learning in Portugal, given that b-learning has grown exponentially in the Portuguese market over recent years. 38 organizations (representing 68% of all institutions certified to provide distance training by the Government Labour Office – DGERT -) participated in this study. The results revealed that in 2007, although the predominant instructional format in Portugal was still face-to-face training (65%), e-learning at 15%...

  19. What said the new economic geography about Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues

    2011-01-01

    With this work we try to analyse the agglomeration process in Portugal, using the New Economic Geography models, in a linear and in a non linear way. In a non linear way, of referring, as summary conclusion, that with this work the existence of increasing returns to scale and low transport cost, in the Portuguese regions, was proven and, because this, the existence of agglomeration in Portugal. This work aims, also, to study the Portuguese regional agglomeration process, using the linear form...

  20. Les clusters régionaux au Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Salvador; Joana Chorincas

    2006-01-01

    This article aims to analyse local productive systems in Portugal, according to the four points diamond methodology proposed by Michael Porter: ‘factor conditions’, ‘demand conditions’, ‘related sectors’ and ‘strategy, structure and competition’. Held the strong and weak points of regional clusters in Portugal, we analyze regional policies effectiveness and articulation, since European accession. Once we have identified the factors that had harmed the development of the local productive syste...

  1. Diffusion of mobile phones in Portugal: unexpected success?

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Adão

    2006-01-01

    This paper begins with a somewhat paradoxical situation: Portugal is one of the less innovative countries within the European Union by most innovation indicators but, simultaneously, it is a leading country in the diffusion of mobile phones. The remarkable evolution of the mobile telecommunications sector over the last 15 years turns the issue a little more intriguing. This paper addresses the diffusion of mobile phones in Portugal and focuses particularly on the take-off stage, which sign...

  2. A comparative analysis of tourism destination demand in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Rodrigues, PMM

    2014-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal.To frame this development, in this paper dynamic panel data models were estimated with the objective of explaining the evolution of international overnightstays in each region. Secondary data from 2000 to 2011 was used.The analysis includes the main tourism source markets for Portugal, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. The tourism literature suggest...

  3. A comparative analysis of tourism destination demand in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Paulo M.M. Rodrigues

    2014-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal.To frame this development, in this paper dynamic panel data models were estimated with the objective of explaining the evolution of international overnight stays in each region.Secondary data from 2000 to 2011 was used.The analysis includes the main tourism source markets for Portugal, such as the United Kingdom, Germany,the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. The tourism literature suggests that,...

  4. Migrant Breadwinning: Experiences of Eastern European Women in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Hellermann, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    In my research I examine the situation of women from Eastern Europe who migrate alone to Portugal. Many had to leave behind their families and children. This Thesis explores the women's decisions for leaving their home countries, and looks at the experiences and challenges they face in Portugal. The impact of the women's often undocumented legal status and the precarious work conditions is explained. Central to the Thesis is the migrants' possibilities for agency and the meaning of migration ...

  5. Irrigation water use and its effective efficiency in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Haie, Naim; Pereira, Rui M. S.; Machado, Gaspar J.

    2008-01-01

    The 2007 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projected with high confidence that the conditions (drought and high temperatures) in the Southern Europe will worsen. It stated that this region that includes Portugal is already vulnerable and will experience a reduction in water availability, hydropower potential and crop yield and productivity. The evidence of such conditions have already struck Portugal when during the 2004-2005 hydrological y...

  6. Portugal and latin american studies : (1980-2000)

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Jorge Fernandes

    2014-01-01

    The studies on Latin America developed in Portugal in the last 20 years have basically focused on the traditional geographical area of Brazil as a consequence of the strong historical ties between the two countries which have strong cultural and economic relations and share Portuguese as their official language. As a result, the number of studies produced on the other Latin American countries is much less in spite of the fact that Portugal has important emigrant communities in countries such ...

  7. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zé-Zé

    2016-01-01

    Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present.

  8. Inversion of ambient seismic noise HVSR to evaluate velocity and structural models of the Lower Tagus Basin, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, J. F.; Silva, H. G.; Torres, R. J. G.; Caldeira, B.; Bezzeghoud, M.; Furtado, J. A.; Carvalho, J.

    2016-07-01

    During its history, several significant earthquakes have shaken the Lower Tagus Valley (Portugal). These earthquakes were destructive; some strong earthquakes were produced by large ruptures in offshore structures located southwest of the Portuguese coastline, and other moderate earthquakes were produced by local faults. In recent years, several studies have successfully obtained strong-ground motion syntheses for the Lower Tagus Valley using the finite difference method. To confirm the velocity model of this sedimentary basin obtained from geophysical and geological data, we analysed the ambient seismic noise measurements by applying the horizontal to vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) method. This study reveals the dependence of the frequency and amplitude of the low-frequency (HVSR) peaks (0.2-2 Hz) on the sediment thickness. We have obtained the depth of the Cenozoic basement along a profile transversal to the basin by the inversion of these ratios, imposing constraints from seismic reflection, boreholes, seismic sounding and gravimetric and magnetic potentials. This technique enables us to improve the existing three-dimensional model of the Lower Tagus Valley structure. The improved model will be decisive for the improvement of strong motion predictions in the earthquake hazard analysis of this highly populated basin. The methodology discussed can be applied to any other sedimentary basin.

  9. Radioactivity in public water supplies in the uranium mining regions of Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most of the old uranium mines in Portugal are located in the granite regions of the centre-north of Portugal (Beiras), in regions with relatively high population density. Most of the public water supplies for the villages and cities are from groundwater or from surface water reservoirs constructed on the rivers of the region. A survey of the radioactivity in the water supplies was carried out in order to investigate the concentration of radionuclides from the uranium family such as uranium, radium, polonium and lead radioisotopes. Radon was also determined, as well as total alpha and total beta radioactivity, in order to assess the human exposure through consumption of drinking water. In general the radioactivity content of waters is reasonably low, not too high for human consumption. In several cases, however, the concentrations of radionuclides such as dissolved radon, polonium and radium, or even uranium, are elevated with total alpha concentrations above 0.1 Bq/L. Cases of public water supplies with very high concentrations of dissolved radionuclides are rare and in general apply to spring waters that may come into contact with rocks containing localized mineralizations of uranium. The highest concentrations of radionuclides were measured in water from wells in areas under the influence of old mines, especially the ones where in situ leaching with sulphuric acid had been performed in the past. This is the case, for example, for Cunha Baixa and Quinta do Bispo, two old mines draining into the same valley. At present, most of these wells are used for irrigation purposes and drinking water comes from other supply sources. Consideration is given to the radiation doses to members of the public through water consumption from public supplies of these regions. (author)

  10. Social Networks in Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2006-01-01

    @@ Social network is a dominant, distinguishing characteristic of Silicon Valley. Because innovation entails coping with a high degree of uncertainty,such innovation is particularly dependent on networks.

  11. Session: Long Valley Exploratory Well

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Finger, John T.; Eichelberger, John C.; Hickox, Charles E.

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of four presentations: ''Long Valley Exploratory Well - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''The Long Valley Well - Phase II Operations'' by John T. Finger; ''Geologic results from the Long Valley Exploratory Well'' by John C. Eichelberger; and ''A Model for Large-Scale Thermal Convection in the Long Valley Geothermal Region'' by Charles E. Hickox.

  12. Synthetic River Valleys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, R.; Pasternack, G. B.

    2011-12-01

    The description of fluvial form has evolved from anecdotal descriptions to artistic renderings to 2D plots of cross section or longitudinal profiles and more recently 3D digital models. Synthetic river valleys, artificial 3D topographic models of river topography, have a plethora of potential applications in fluvial geomorphology, and the earth sciences in general, as well as in computer science and ecology. Synthetic river channels have existed implicitly since approximately the 1970s and can be simulated from a variety of approaches spanning the artistic and numerical. An objective method of synthesizing 3D stream topography based on reach scale attributes would be valuable for sizing 3D flumes in the physical and numerical realms, as initial input topography for morphodynamic models, stream restoration design, historical reconstruction, and mechanistic testing of interactions of channel geometric elements. Quite simply - simulation of synthetic channel geometry of prescribed conditions can allow systematic evaluation of the dominant relationships between river flow and geometry. A new model, the control curve method, is presented that uses hierarchically scaled parametric curves in over-lapping 2D planes to create synthetic river valleys. The approach is able to simulate 3D stream geometry from paired 2D descriptions and can allow experimental insight into form-process relationships in addition to visualizing past measurements of channel form that are limited to two dimension descriptions. Results are presented that illustrate the models ability to simulate fluvial topography representative of real world rivers as well as how channel geometric elements can be adjusted. The testing of synthetic river valleys would open up a wealth of knowledge as to why some 3D attributes of river channels are more prevalent than others as well as bridging the gap between the 2D descriptions that have dominated fluvial geomorphology the past century and modern, more complete, 3D

  13. Silicon Valley Lifestyle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2005-01-01

    @@ As we embrace the rapid developments of the new media age,competitiveness in the field of internet and computer technology is an increasingly crucial factor in stimulating new business,jobs and new industry in the region.Accelerating advancements in new media,internet,software and computer technologies offer new commercial opportunities and sources of economic revenue. Silicon Valley has been a model of the new age since its existence.While the dream place not only has a unique business model,but also has a very special lifestyle.

  14. UNIDADES GEOMORFOLÓGICAS DE PORTUGAL CONTINENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diamantino Insua Pereira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available São representadas cartograficamente as unidades geomorfológicas identificadas para os 89015 km2 do território de Portugal Continental. A delimitação das unidades teve por base a análise dos padrões da textura fornecida por imagens SRTM, com revisão e adaptação posterior à altimetria e à geologia, para os quais foram usadas bases cartográficas digitais. Foram considerados três níveis taxionómicos que permitem descrever e caracterizar áreas homogéneas do ponto de vista geomorfológico. As três unidades de 1º nível baseiam-se nas unidades morfostruturais clássicas consideradas para a Península Ibérica. As dez unidades de 2º nível constituem, na sua maioria, divisões clássicas do relevo de Portugal Continental, agora agrupadas de acordo com a metodologia adoptada e designadas como unidades morfosculturais. As 56 unidades de 3º nível, ou subunidades morfosculturais, foram individualizadas com base nos padrões de relevo identificados nas imagens SRTM e na observação de campo e adquiriram uma designação baseada essencialmente nas geoformas que as individualizam e na toponímia local. As unidades geomorfológicas identificadas são descritas através de características do relevo, dissecação fluvial, estruturas, tipo de drenagem e base geológica, bem como de parâmetros numéricos gerados de forma automática, como classes de altitude e de declividade. Pretende-se que o mapa elaborado possa contribuir para a gestão territorial, em especial na tomada de decisões em conservação da natureza.

  15. Mercury distribution in Douro estuary (Portugal)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Determinations of dissolved reactive and total dissolved mercury, particulate and sedimentary mercury, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and suspended particulate matter (SPM) have been made in the estuary of river Douro, in northern Portugal. The estuary was stratified by salinity along most of its length, it had low concentrations of SPM, typically -3, and concentrations of DOC in the range -3. The surface waters had a maximum dissolved concentration of reactive mercury of about 10 ng dm-3, whereas for the more saline bottom waters it was about 65 ng dm-3. The surface waters had maximum concentrations of total suspended particulate mercury of ∼7 μg g-1 and the bottom waters were always -1. Concentrations of mercury in sediments was low and in the range from 0.06 to 0.18 μg g-1. The transport of mercury in surface waters was mainly associated with organic-rich particulate matter, while in bottom waters the dissolved phase transport of mercury is more important. Lower particulate organic matter, formation of chlorocomplexes in more saline waters and eventually the presence of colloids appear to explain the difference of mercury partitioning in Douro estuarine waters

  16. [Approach and Registry of Anaphylaxis in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Inês; Pereira, Ana Margarida; Pereira, Celso; Tomaz, Elza; Ferreira, Manuel Branco; Sabino, Filipa; Coelho, Anabela; Santos, Anabela; Martins, Henrique; Morais-Almeida, Mário

    2015-01-01

    Anaphylaxis has a growing incidence, especially in children. It represents a medical emergency and its successful therapy depends on early and proper intervention. Intramuscular epinephrine, with dose adjustment according to weight and age, is the drug of choice for anaphylaxis treatment. After resolution of the acute reaction, the patient should be kept under clinical surveillance for 6 to 24 hours, due to possible biphasic reactions. Prescription of an epinephrine auto injectable device should be considered in all patients with diagnosed or suspected anaphylaxis; additionally these patients should always be referred to an Immunoallergy consultation, to perform adequate investigation and management in order to reduce future risk. All anaphylaxis episodes must be recorded in The Portuguese Catalogue of Allergies and other Adverse Reactions (Catálogo Português de Alergias e outras Reações Adversas, CPARA), which represents a fundamental tool to share clinical information within the Health System. The present manuscript intends to disclose the most recent Portuguese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of anaphylaxis, making its clinical approach more effective and homogeneous, and to promote the use of The Portuguese Catalogue of Allergies and other Adverse Reactions as an essential tool to register and share information on anaphylaxis in Portugal. PMID:26849768

  17. Identity Reconfiguration of Immigrants in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Vieira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The starting point is the principle that there is no immigrant culture, but rather, different ways of living, coexisting and identifying oneself within the cultural worlds that each subject crosses on his or her social path. Here we study Brazilian immigrants in Portugal, working with the first wave (starting at the end of the 1980s and the second wave (at the turn of the 20th to 21st century. We intend, firstly, to show how identity is reconstructed between two banks: the departure culture and the arrival culture. Secondly, we intend to give a voice to the most silent in the understanding of immigrants: the process of identity reconstruction of Brazilian immigrants is presented, resulting from ethno-biographic interviews. We will consider the cultural transfusion theory and observe the heterogeneous ways of living between cultures, whether by rejecting the departure culture (the Oblato‘s case, refusing the arrival one at a given moment (the mono-cultural subject according to the source culture, living in an ambivalent manner between the two (the multicultural self, or, finally, inventing a third bank, as the poets say, which corresponds to an attitude of including the cultural differences through which one crosses during his or her life history in an intercultural self (the Intercultural Transfuga.

  18. Contribution of natural gas for sustainable development in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Sarmento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Portugal has strongly limited domestic energy resources, since imports almost 90% of its energy needs and its energy production is totally from renewable energy sources. The addition of natural gas to the Portuguese energy mix in 1997 helped to diversify Portugal’s energy sources and is a contribution to the mitigation of environmental problems. In 1997 also ceased the production and use of domestic coal. In fact, Portugal is working to reduce the growth in energy use and CO2 emissions, in order to follow the Kyoto Protocol. This measure can be linked to environmental sustainability policies, creating the opportunity for new business to appear. Natural gas, in some applications, can substitute the electricity, implying a decrease in price. Security of gas supply is an important issue, since Portugal depends mainly on a single supplier. This paper aims at analysing the emerging gas market, (threats and opportunities, its evolution andcomparison with other OECD countries.

  19. Los nemertinos de España y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera Bachiller, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    Texto en español, y artículos en inglés y español Este trabajo es el primer compendio de la fauna de nemertinos de España y Portugal, lo que puede dar una buena idea de las dificultades que presenta su estudio y determinación. No son escasos o raros en los estudios bentónicos, pero raramente son determinados y muy frecuentemente sólo se identifican como miembros del filo (Nemertea sp.). En la siguiente memoria se engloban una serie de trabajos sobre los nemertinos de España y Portugal. El ...

  20. Curva de Laffer para Portugal, perspetiva de steady state

    OpenAIRE

    Azevedo, Diogo Ricardo Reis

    2014-01-01

    São analisadas as receitas de imposto sobre o trabalho, consumo e capital, em termos de curva de Laffer, através da aplicação de um modelo neoclássico, especialmente calibrado para a economia Portuguesa, envolvendo o período de tempo de 1995 a 2012. Foi encontrada a evidência, robusta, de curvas de Laffer para a tributação sobre o trabalho e capital. Este estudo concluiu que Portugal tem margem para aumentar impostos, numa perspetiva de steady state, sendo que Portugal pode aumentar a sua rec...

  1. Modelling and Analysis of Forest Fire in Portugal - Part I

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Giovani Loiola; Dias, Maria Ines; Oliveira, Manuela; Marques, Susete; Borges, Jose

    2012-01-01

    In the last decades forest fires became a serious problem in Portugal due to different issues such a climatic characteristics and nature of Portuguese forest. In order to analyze forest data, we use generalized linear models for modeling the proportion of burned forest area. Our goal is to find out fire risk factors that influence that proportion of burned area and what may make a forest type susceptible or resistant to fire. Then, we analyze forest fire data in Portugal during 1990-1994 thr...

  2. 27 CFR 9.58 - Carmel Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Carmel Valley. 9.58... Carmel Valley. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Carmel Valley.” (b) Approved maps. The approved maps for determining the boundary of the Carmel Valley...

  3. Landscape and Astronomy in Megalithic Portugal: the Carregal do Sal Nucleus and Star Mountain Range

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Silva

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Central Portugal, delimited by the Douro river to the north and the Mondego to the south, is the second densest region of megalithic monuments in the country. The Neolithic archaeological record indicates seasonal transhumance between higher pastures in the summer and lower grounds in the winter. The monuments are found in lower ground and it has been suggested that they were built during the winter occupation of their surroundings. The astronomical orientation of their entrances lends further support to this hypothesis. A recent survey of the orientation of the chambers and corridors of these dolmens, conducted by the author, found good agreement with prior surveys, but also demonstrated that other interpretations are possible. This paper presents an update on the survey, including extra sites surveyed in the spring of 2011, as well as the GIS confirmation of all horizon altitudes that couldn’t be empirically measured. The megalithic nucleus of Carregal do Sal, on the Mondego valley, is then looked at in more detail. It is found that there is a preference for the orientation of dolmens towards Star Mountain Range in-line with the topographic arguments of landscape archaeology. In addition, it was found that the topography also marks the rise of particular red stars, Betelgeuse and Aldebaran, during the period of megalithic building, at the onset of spring marking the transition from low ground to the high pastures. This hypothesis finds further support from toponymic folktales that explain the origin of the name of the mountain range.

  4. Portugal Sees Top Priority Market in China Interview with H.E. Mr. Rui Quartin-Santos, Ambassador of Portugal in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian; Liu Jinliang

    2007-01-01

    @@ China, a Top Priority Market for Portugal I would start by saying that the political relations between our two countries are very friendly and robust.Premier Wen Jiaobao visited Portugal in December 2005, and we have established a Global Strategic Partnership between China and Portugal. So we believe that the contact between the leaders of both sides in December last year has boosted decisively our relations in general and our trade relations in particular.

  5. Elementos para o estudo de um caso de sucesso na montagem automóvel em Portugal: a Opel Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Moniz, António

    2004-01-01

    The interest to study this factory of GM group in Portugal is due to the facto of being one of the oldest assembly lines of the automotive sector still operating in Portugal (it was founded in 1963). Besides that, it went recently across a very intensive technological change, and then would be interesting to know the organisation of work model chose. The Opel factory occupies at the moment the former one that belonged to Ford Lusitana. There it has being under production some modules that fee...

  6. Accelerating optimization by tracing valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qing-Xiao; He, Rong-Qiang; Lu, Zhong-Yi

    2016-06-01

    We propose an algorithm to accelerate optimization when an objective function locally resembles a long narrow valley. In such a case, a conventional optimization algorithm usually wanders with too many tiny steps in the valley. The new algorithm approximates the valley bottom locally by a parabola that is obtained by fitting a set of successive points generated recently by a conventional optimization method. Then large steps are taken along the parabola, accompanied by fine adjustment to trace the valley bottom. The effectiveness of the new algorithm has been demonstrated by accelerating the Newton trust-region minimization method and the Levenberg-Marquardt method on the nonlinear fitting problem in exact diagonalization dynamical mean-field theory and on the classic minimization problem of the Rosenbrock's function. Many times speedup has been achieved for both problems, showing the high efficiency of the new algorithm.

  7. Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set represents the extent of the Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer in the states of Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and...

  8. The History of Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2005-01-01

    @@ Just as Manchester was once the center for indus trial progress, the microelectronics industry also has a heartland. Silicon Valley is located in a thirty by ten miles strip between San Francisco and San Jose,California.

  9. Social Networks in Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph; Leu

    2006-01-01

      Social network is a dominant, distinguishing characteristic of Silicon Valley. Because innovation entails coping with a high degree of uncertainty,such innovation is particularly dependent on networks.……

  10. The Drentsche Aa valley system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is composed of five papers concerned with Late Quaternary geology and geomorphology of the Aa valley system. The correlation and chronostratigraphic position of the layers have been established by radiocarbon dating. (Auth.)

  11. RailroadValleySpringfish_CH

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These data identify the areas where final critical habitat for the Railroad Valley springfish (Crenichthys nevadae) occur. The irrigation ditch that is on the north...

  12. VEGETATION INVENTORY OF BALABANDERE VALLEY

    OpenAIRE

    Erol, Ulvi Erhan

    2009-01-01

    Balabandere Valley where Belgrad forest and Bosphorus meet in the easterly orientation of the forest has a very important ecological wealth within the greater Istanbul manucipality. The area, in which this study was conducted, has a potantial to become an outdoor recreation laboratory in and around Istanbul city. Balabandere valley and its vicinity can as well be described as a conservation zone with its cultural and ecological landscaoe history. It harbors a very crucial watershed for the ci...

  13. Predicting Child Outcomes from Preschool Quality in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu-Lima, Isabel M. P.; Leal, Teresa B.; Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana Madalena

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to analyze whether quality of preschool classrooms relates to 4- and 5-year-old children developmental outcomes. The study was conducted in 60 classrooms in Porto Metropolitan Area, Portugal. Children (N = 215) were evaluated in the literacy, math, and behavior domains. Preschool quality was assessed through…

  14. Corporate Blended Learning in Portugal: Current Status and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcal, Julia; Caetano, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to characterize the current status of blended learning in Portugal, given that b-learning has grown exponentially in the Portuguese market over recent years. 38 organizations (representing 68% of all institutions certified to provide distance training by the Government Labour Office--DGERT-) participated in this study. The…

  15. Christmas, Natal, Navidad in Cuba, Mexico, and Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontes, Maria Joao, Ed.; Fontes, Manuel da Costa, Ed.

    This material is a compilation of junior high school student-developed stories and games about the way Christmas is celebrated in Portugal, Mexico, and Cuba. The material was developed in the classroom by Portuguese, Mexican, and Cuban immigrant students and by American students who do not have a recent immigrant background, all of whom were…

  16. Energy efficiency and renewable energy systems in Portugal and Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Soares, Isabel; Ferreira, Paula

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a review of the energy situation in Brazil and Portugal; two countries which are both characterised by high utilisation of renewable energy sources though with differences between them. The article also introduces contemporary energy research conducted on the two countries and...

  17. LIS Education in Portugal between Academia and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Fernanda

    2008-01-01

    There is a brief exposition, in a historical perspective, about the evolution of the professional education in Portugal, in the area of Library and Information Science, since the creation of the Curso de Bibliotecario-Arquivista, in 1887, until its closure in 1982, when it was replaced by the Curso de Especializacao em Ciencias Documentais (CECD).…

  18. Accreditation of Agricultural Engineering University studies in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Vasco Fitas; Silva, Luis Leopoldo

    2005-01-01

    The paper describes the evaluation and accreditation processes of high studies study programs in Portugal; the process of Quality evaluation of new study courses; Nature of engineering profession; EurAgEng recognition; Recognition process implementation;Elements for the recognition process; Some aspects to assure curricula comparability; European Accreditation Process.

  19. Legal aid for victims in criminal proceedings in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa Ramos, Vânia

    2014-01-01

    The following article gives an overview of legal aid for victims in criminal cases in Portugal. It addresses the issues of a victim’s access to a lawyer, when and how the right is granted (right to legal assistance), and under what circumstances the victim has a right to financial legal aid (right to financial legal aid).

  20. International Uranium Resources Evaluation Project (IUREP) national favourability studies: Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portugal is situated on the western edge of the Iberian Meseta. At present, its reasonably assured reserves are about 7800 t of U (including 1000 t of U at more than 830/lb U3O8) and 850 t of U in estimated additional reserves. This potential is divided between vein deposits and deposits located in the peribatholithic schists or enclaved in granite. Two main districts share these reserves - Beira at the centre of the country and Alto Alentejo in the east, approximately at the same latitude as Lisbon. In spite of the considerable prospecting activities authorized by Portugal in the Meseta area, the subject cannot yet be regarded as exhausted. Additional resources may still be located in the horizontal and vertical extensions of the vein mineralizations or schists from the already known deposits or outside the districts containing such deposits. Moreover, certain post-Palaeozoic sedimentary basins exhibit features favourable for the presence of uranium-bearing deposits and therefore deserve to be taken into consideration. However, there are as yet no examples of economic mineralization in such locations in Portugal. All things considered, we considered it reasonable to place Portugal in category No. 3 of the classiffication adopted by BJREP. (author)

  1. The impact of minimum wages on youth employment in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C. Pereira

    2003-01-01

    textabstractFrom January 1, 1987, the legal minimum wage for workers aged 18 and 19 in Portugal was uprated to the full adult rate, generating a 49.3% increase between 1986 and 1987 in the legal minimum wage for this age group. This shock is used as a ?natural experiment? to evaluate the impact of t

  2. Listeriosis in Portugal: an existing but under reported infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teixeira Paula C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals, has increased in incidence in recent years. In Portugal, listeriosis is not a notifiable infection and available data are scarce. The objective of this work was to collate the available information concerning listeriosis in Portugal by compiling a retrospective study of cases recorded over a decade. Methods Requests for case data on clinically confirmed listeriosis, recorded over the previous decade, were replied to by 23 hospitals and a National Institute of Health delegation. Results 35 cases of listeriosis were identified for the period between 1994 and 2003 inclusive, the mortality rate being greater than 17%. According to the data collected in this study for the year 2003, the incidence of this disease in Portugal was at least 1.4 cases per million inhabitants in that year. Conclusion The study demonstrates, for the first time in the widely available literature, that despite their being no cases of listeriosis in Portugal recorded in official reports, the threat of L. monocytogenes to public health is of a similar dimension to that in other countries.

  3. School Psychology in Portugal: Practitioners' Characteristics and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Sofia A.; Abreu-Lima, Isabel; Almeida, Leandro S.; Simeonsson, Rune J.

    2014-01-01

    Little empirical evidence is available on the professional characteristics and practices of school psychologists in Portugal. This study surveyed a total of 477 Portuguese school psychologists employed in public (80%) and private schools (20%). Portuguese school psychologists are described with regard to demographic, professional, and educational…

  4. Research Management in Portugal: A Quest for Professional Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trindade, Margarida; Agostinho, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Research managers at science-intensive institutions appear as a continuously evolving group of professionals whose identity is somewhat fragmented, even to themselves. In Portugal, specialized research manager roles have rapidly emerged over the last years alongside the development of a small but consolidated scientific system. In order to get an…

  5. Early Intervention in Portugal: Family Support and Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia Leite, Carina Sofia; Da Silva Pereira, Ana Paula

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the support and benefits of early intervention (EI) in families with children with special needs. Data were gathered through a written questionnaire, "Family Benefits Inventory," completed by 126 families with children with special needs supported by EI teams, with ages from six months to six years in Portugal.…

  6. Quality of Life in Ageing Societies: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Ozgur; Cevik, Aylin Cakiroglu

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the quality of life of the elderly in three aging countries: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey. This was done by using data provided by the European Quality of Life Survey completed in 2004. By doing so, we could then operationalize the conditions of the elderly in Turkey who have a rapid aging process…

  7. Science Policy and the Internationalisation of Research in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricio, Maria Teresa

    2010-01-01

    This article will examine Portuguese and European science and higher education policies and their impact on international collaborations. It will do so by looking at two key indicators: international academic mobility and the coauthored international scientific publications. The data show Portugal as an attractive country for foreign students and…

  8. Technological Specialisation Courses in Portugal: Description and Suggested Improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Nilza Maria Vilhena Nunes; Simoes, Ana Raquel; Pereira, Giselia Antunes; Pombo, Lucia

    2009-01-01

    This study is a part of the "Post-secondary Vocational Training in Portugal Project: from a description through to suggestions to improve training quality", which ran from 2003 to 2006. This article, which makes use of data obtained from interviews with Directors of Schools which offer technological specialisation courses (CETs) and from…

  9. Making Sense of TV for Children: The Case of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sara; Pinto, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Empowering children for a critical and judicious use and consumption of media is a main objective of media literacy. This paper aims to examine the range of television programs available for children in Portugal through a comparative analysis of the programming for children broadcast by the four Portuguese terrestrial channels (RTP1, RTP2, SIC and…

  10. Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bussink, R.W.

    1984-01-01

    Major tin-tungsten deposits in Portugal are related to intrusions of the Younger Series (300-280 Ma) of Hercynian granitoids. Mineralized granites are 'specialized' by a specific increase or decrease of major, minor and trace element contents in comparison with non-mineralized occurrences. Component

  11. Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Portugal, 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mesquita, J.R.; Hakze-van der Honing, R.; Almeida, A.; Lourenço, M.; Poel, van der W.H.M.; Nascimento, M.S.J.

    2015-01-01

    An outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in the South of Portugal in January 2015 and the spread of PEDV northwards in the territory are described. Comparative analysis of the amplified sequences showed a very high (99.0%) identity with the PEDV variant most recently reported in the

  12. School-Based Sexuality Education in Portugal: Strengths and Weaknesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Ana Cristina; Leal, Cláudia; Duarte, Cidália

    2016-01-01

    Portugal, like many other countries, faces obstacles regarding school-based sexuality education. This paper explores Portuguese schools' approaches to implementing sexuality education at a local level, and provides a critical analysis of potential strengths and weaknesses. Documents related to sexuality education in a convenience sample of 89…

  13. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in Portugal: season 2014/2015 report

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Ausenda; Ambrósio Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Guiomar, Raquel; Pechirra, Pedro; Nunes, Baltazar

    2015-01-01

    This report was prepared as part of the Project “Monitoring Influenza vaccine effectiveness during influenza seasons and pandemics in the European Union”, financed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, and describes the results obtained in Portugal under the Protocol Agreement celebrated between EpiConcept SARL, Paris and National Health Institute Doutor Ricardo Jorge, Lisbon, signed on December 2014.

  14. Direct SW aerosol radiative forcing over Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Santos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the evaluation of the aerosol radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere as well as at the surface over the south of Portugal is made, particularly in the regions of Évora (38°34' N, 7°54' W and of Cabo da Roca (38°46' N, 9°38' W, during years 2004 and 2005.

    The radiative transfer calculations, using the radiative transfer code Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S, combine ground-based measurements, from Aerosol Robotic NETwork (AERONET, and satellite measurements, from MODerate Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS, to estimate the direct SW aerosol radiative forcing. The method developed to retrieve the surface spectral reflectance is also presented, based on ground-based measurements (AERONET of the aerosol optical properties combined with the satellite-measured radiances (MODIS.

    The instantaneous direct SW aerosol radiative forcing values obtained at the top of the atmosphere are, in the majority of the cases, negative, indicating a tendency for cooling the Earth at the top of the atmosphere. For Desert Dust aerosols, over the Évora land region, the average forcing efficiency is estimated to be −25 Wm−2/AOT0.55 whereas for the Cabo da Roca area, the average forcing efficiency is −46 Wm−2/AOT0.55. In the presence of Forest Fire aerosols, both from short and long distances, the average value of forcing efficiency at the top of the atmosphere over Cabo da Roca is found to be −28 Wm−2/AOT0.55 and, over Évora, −27 Wm−2/AOT0.55. For specific situations, discussed in this work, the average surface direct SW aerosol radiative forcing efficiency due to the Desert Dust aerosols, in Évora region, is −66 Wm−2/AOT0.55, whereas in Cabo da Roca region, the corresponding average value is −38 Wm−2/AOT0.55

  15. Direct SW aerosol radiative forcing over Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Santos

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of radiative forcing due to desert dust and forest fires aerosols is a very important issue since these particles are very efficient at scattering and absorbing both short and longwave radiation. In this work, the evaluation of the aerosol radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere over the south of Portugal is made, particularly in the regions of Évora and of Cabo da Roca.

    The radiative transfer calculations combine ground-based and satellite measurements, to estimate the top of the atmosphere direct SW aerosol radiative forcing. The method developed to retrieve the surface spectral reflectance is also presented, based on ground-based measurements of the aerosol optical properties combined with the satellite-measured radiances.

    The aerosol direct radiative effect is shown to be very sensitive to the underlying surface, since different surface spectral reflectance values may originate different forcing values. The results obtained also illustrate the importance of considering the actual aerosol properties, in this case measured by ground-based instrumentation, particularly the aerosol single scattering albedo, because different aerosol single scattering albedo values can flip the sign of the direct SW aerosol radiative forcing.

    The instantaneous direct SW aerosol radiative forcing values obtained at the top of the atmosphere are, in the majority of the cases, negative, indicating a tendency for cooling the Earth. For Desert Dust aerosols, over Évora land region, the average forcing efficiency is estimated to be −25 W/m2/AOT0.55 whereas for Cabo da Roca area, the average forcing efficiency is −46 W/m2/AOT0.55. In the presence of Forest Fire aerosols, over Cabo da Roca region, the average value of forcing efficiency is −28 W/m2/AOT0.55 and over Évora region an average value of −33 W/m2/AOT0.55 is found.

  16. Occupational radiation doses in Portugal from 1994 to 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work reports on the occupational radiation doses for external radiation received in 1994-1998 by the radiation workers monitored by the Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Department (DPRSN) in Portugal. Individual monitoring for external radiation is carried out in Portugal by DPRSN since the 60s, and the workers are monitored on a monthly or quarterly bases. In 1995 DPRSN monitored approximately 8000 people and was the only laboratory carrying out this sort of activity in Portugal. In 1998 the number of monitored people increased to nearly 8500 from 860 facilities, which leads us to state that the results shown in this work are well representative of the universe of radiation workers in Portugal. Until 1996, the dose measurement procedure was based only on film dosimetry and the results reported for the 1994-1995 period were obtained with this methodology. Since 1996, thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) was gradually introduced and since then an effort has been made to transfer the monitored workers from film to TLD. In 1998, both film and TLD dosimetry systems were running simultaneously, with average numbers of 4500 workers monitored with film dosimetry, while 4000 were monitored with TLD. The data presented from 1996 to 1998 were obtained with both methodologies. This work reports the annual mean effective doses received from external radiation, for the monitored and exposed workers in the different fields of activity, namely, industry, research laboratories, health and mining. The distribution of the annual effective dose by dose intervals is also reported. The collective annual dose by field of activity is estimated and the contribution to the total annual collective dose is determined. The collective dose estimates for the period 1994 to 1998 demonstrated that the health sector is the most representative exposed group in Portugal. (author)

  17. Seasonal trends in extreme daily precipitation indices in Northern of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, M.; Fragoso, M.

    2012-04-01

    Extreme climate events represent a major source of risk for human societies, motivating the current need for more research on these events. Currently, long-term past changes on precipitation are not well understood, although it is generally accepted that they are complex and vary regionally (López-Moreno et al. 2010). Therefore, this study is focused on the spatial and temporal variability of selected extreme daily precipitation indices in the Northern Portugal region. The mean annual precipitation in the study region ranges between 500 mm at the Douro river valley and 3000 mm at Peneda-Gerês mountain system, exhibiting strong spatial contrasts on its average annual rainfall. Data from 39 precipitation gauge stations with daily precipitation series in the period 1950-2000 were collected accessing the website of SNIRH (National Information System for Water Resources) of the Water Institute (INAG, Portugal). Tests of homogeneity (e.g. Van Neumann ratio test, standard normal homogeneity test (SNHT), Buishand and Pettit) were performed for all the data collected from the gauge stations, in order to identify and select the useful rain-gauges to time variability analysis. After these procedures, four daily indices of precipitation extremes were computed: the maximum 5-day precipitation amount (Rx5day); number of days with precipitation amount >= 30 mm (R30mm); very wet days, with RR> 95th percentile (R95p); and total precipitation in wet days (RR> = 1mm (PRCPTOT). The indices were calculated seasonally as follows: December to February (DJF), March to May (MAM), June to August (JJA) and September to November (SON). The seasonal trends for these indices are analyzed using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall (M-K) test and the statistic of this Theil-Sen test (B), in order to estimate the magnitude of the trends (Haylock, 2000, Rodrigo, F. et al, 2007, Costa, 2009, Gallego, 2011). The results show, that between 1950 and 2000, there was a small decreasing trend of the Rx5day, R

  18. Modelling photochemistry in alpine valleys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Brulfert

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Road traffic is a serious problem in the Chamonix Valley, France: traffic, noise and above all air pollution worry the inhabitants. The big fire in the Mont-Blanc tunnel made it possible, in the framework of the POVA project (POllution in Alpine Valleys, to undertake measurement campaigns with and without heavy-vehicle traffic through the Chamonix and Maurienne valleys, towards Italy (before and after the tunnel re-opening. Modelling is one of the aspects of POVA and should make it possible to explain the processes leading to episodes of atmospheric pollution, both in summer and in winter. Atmospheric prediction model ARPS 4.5.2 (Advanced Regional Prediction System, developed at the CAPS (Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms of the University of Oklahoma, enables to resolve the dynamics above a complex terrain. This model is coupled to the TAPOM 1.5.2 atmospheric chemistry (Transport and Air POllution Model code developed at the Air and Soil Pollution Laboratory of the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. The numerical codes MM5 and CHIMERE are used to compute large scale boundary forcing. This paper focuses on modelling Chamonix valley using 300-m grid cells to calculate the dynamics and the reactive chemistry which makes possible to accurately represent the dynamics in the Chamonix valley (slope and valley winds and to process chemistry at fine scale. The summer 2003 intensive campaign was used to validate the model and to study chemistry. NOy according to O3 reduction demonstrates a VOC controlled regime, different from the NOx controlled regime expected and observed in the nearby city of Grenoble.

  19. Modelling photochemistry in alpine valleys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Brulfert

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Road traffic is a serious problem in the Chamonix Valley, France: traffic, noise and above all air pollution worry the inhabitants. The big fire in the Mont-Blanc tunnel made it possible, in the framework of the POVA project (POllution in Alpine Valleys, to undertake measurement campaigns with and without heavy-vehicle traffic through the valley, towards Italy (before and after the tunnel re-opening. Modelling in POVA should make it possible to explain the processes leading to episodes of atmospheric pollution, both in summer and in winter.

    Atmospheric prediction model ARPS 4.5.2 (Advanced Regional Prediction System, developed at the CAPS (Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms of the University of Oklahoma, enables to resolve the dynamics above a complex terrain.

    This model is coupled to the TAPOM 1.5.2 atmospheric chemistry (Transport and Air POllution Model code developed at the Air and Soil Pollution Laboratory of the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.

    The numerical codes MM5 and CHIMERE are used to compute large scale boundary forcing.

    Using 300-m grid cells to calculate the dynamics and the reactive chemistry makes possible to accurately represent the dynamics in the valley (slope and valley winds and to process chemistry at fine scale.

    Validation of campaign days allows to study chemistry indicators in the valley. NOy according to O3 reduction demonstrates a VOC controlled regime, different from the NOx controlled regime expected and observed in the nearby city of Grenoble.

  20. Valley evolution by meandering rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limaye, Ajay Brian Sanjay

    Fluvial systems form landscapes and sedimentary deposits with a rich hierarchy of structures that extend from grain- to valley scale. Large-scale pattern formation in fluvial systems is commonly attributed to forcing by external factors, including climate change, tectonic uplift, and sea-level change. Yet over geologic timescales, rivers may also develop large-scale erosional and depositional patterns that do not bear on environmental history. This dissertation uses a combination of numerical modeling and topographic analysis to identify and quantify patterns in river valleys that form as a consequence of river meandering alone, under constant external forcing. Chapter 2 identifies a numerical artifact in existing, grid-based models that represent the co-evolution of river channel migration and bank strength over geologic timescales. A new, vector-based technique for bank-material tracking is shown to improve predictions for the evolution of meander belts, floodplains, sedimentary deposits formed by aggrading channels, and bedrock river valleys, particularly when spatial contrasts in bank strength are strong. Chapters 3 and 4 apply this numerical technique to establishing valley topography formed by a vertically incising, meandering river subject to constant external forcing---which should serve as the null hypothesis for valley evolution. In Chapter 3, this scenario is shown to explain a variety of common bedrock river valley types and smaller-scale features within them---including entrenched channels, long-wavelength, arcuate scars in valley walls, and bedrock-cored river terraces. Chapter 4 describes the age and geometric statistics of river terraces formed by meandering with constant external forcing, and compares them to terraces in natural river valleys. The frequency of intrinsic terrace formation by meandering is shown to reflect a characteristic relief-generation timescale, and terrace length is identified as a key criterion for distinguishing these

  1. Beyond the “Casa Portuguesa”: analysis of popular music exchanges between Brazil and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago José Lemos Monteiro

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and discusses the silences and the asymmetrical relations that characterize the exchanges of popular music between Brazil and Portugal. At the same time that our perception of the contemporary Portuguese culture seems mediated by a "mythical common sense" deeply influenced by the discourse of tradition, Portugal became an enthusiastic consumer of our "modern" media culture. Such assymetries are visible in the huge success of Brazilian artists and bands in Portugal, whose...

  2. Stent for Life in Portugal: This initiative is here to stay

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, H.; Pinto, FJ; Calé, R; Pereira, E.; J. MARQUES; De Almeida, M.; Mello, S.; Dias Martins, L; behalf of the participating centres in the Stent for Life Initiative in Portugal

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: Portugal has one of the lowest rates of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) in Western Europe. This study assessed the progress of Portuguese p-PCI performance indicators one year after Portugal joined the Stent for Life (SFL) initiative. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two national surveys were carried out, each covering a period of one month: the first when Portugal joined the SFL in 2011 (Moment Zero), and the second one year later (Moment One). A total of 397 consecutiv...

  3. Entrepreneurship in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  4. Business creation in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  5. Portugal and United States cooperative energy assessment. Volume 3. Reference reports, Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-09-01

    Statistical data on energy production and consumption and supporting information were obtained from US Bureau of Mines records supplemented by additional data obtained in Portugal. Geologic descriptions and analysis of known areas and of areas having possible future potential have been prepared by the US Geological Survey. Portugal lacks sufficient indigenous supplies of organic fuels to meet its energy demands, and so must import large quantities of petroleum and coal. Approximately 80% of Portugal's electric energy is produced by hydroelectric stations; thermal stations produce the other 20%. Portugal has produced no crude oil, natural gas, or condensate; no resources or reserves in these categories are listed for Portugal in the 1976 World Energy Conference report. Until the last year or so (1980), no significant onshore petroleum exploration had been done in Portugal since 1963. Production of coal in Portugal has declined steadily to the present annual yield of about 200,000 metric tons. On the basis of estimates in only three coal fields, resources of coal of all ranks in Portugal total at least 76 million (10/sup 6/) metric tons. Uranium is mined near Viseu and Guarda in the northern part of Portugal; the Nisa mine in east-central Portugal will begin producing uranium ore in 1985 after installation of a processing plant. Portugal produced 95 metric tons of uranium oxide (U/sub 3/O/sub 8/) from ore stocks in each year from 1972 through 1974; production is assumed to have continued at the same rate since then. Geothermal energy has not been developed in mainland Portugal; however, hot springs that may have geothermal energy potential are known in the Minho district in the northwest. Geothermal energy resources exist in the Azores and a program of evaluation and exploration with technical assistance from the USGS is presently in progress there.

  6. Multidisciplinary study of Santa Eulália Plutonic Complex (Central Portugal): Preliminary insight.

    OpenAIRE

    Sant’Ovaia, Helena; Lopes, José Carrilho; Nogueira, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    Multidisciplinary study of Santa Eulalia Plutonic Complex (Central Portugal): Preliminary insight H. SANT’OVAIA1*, J. CARRILHO LOPES2 AND P. NOGUEIRA2 1DGAOT, Centro de Geologia, FCUP, Portugal (*correspondence: ) 2Dep. Geo., Univ. Évora, Centro de Geologia UL, Portugal The Santa Eulália Plutonic Complex (SEPC) is a late- Variscan calcalkaline granitic body that occupies an area of 400 km2 and is located in the Variscan Iberian sector. The host ...

  7. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zé-Zé, L; Prata, M B; Teixeira, T; Marques, N; Mondragão, A; Fernandes, R; Saraiva da Cunha, J; Alves, M J

    2016-01-01

    Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitoes like the Dengue and Chikungunya viruses. Zika virus was until recently considered a mild pathogenic mosquito-borne flavivirus with very few reported benign human infections. In 2007, an epidemic in Micronesia initiated the turnover in the epidemiological history of Zika virus and more recently, the potential association with congenital microcephaly cases in Brazil 2015, still under investigation, led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present. PMID:27134823

  8. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zé-Zé, L.; Prata, M.B.; Teixeira, T.; Marques, N.; Mondragão, A.; Fernandes, R.; Saraiva da Cunha, J.; Alves, M.J.

    2016-01-01

    Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitoes like the Dengue and Chikungunya viruses. Zika virus was until recently considered a mild pathogenic mosquito-borne flavivirus with very few reported benign human infections. In 2007, an epidemic in Micronesia initiated the turnover in the epidemiological history of Zika virus and more recently, the potential association with congenital microcephaly cases in Brazil 2015, still under investigation, led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present. PMID:27134823

  9. Detection of Dirofilaria repens microfilariae in a dog from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Carla; Lorentz, Susanne; Cardoso, Luís; Otranto, Domenico; Naucke, Torsten J

    2016-01-01

    Dirofilaria repens causes subcutaneous infection in dogs and cats, and is the main agent of human dirofilariosis in Europe. Detection of D. repens is described in a dog from Portugal, a finding that simultaneously represents the first presumable case of autochthonous infection with the parasite in any animal host species in the country. A mixed D. repens/Dirofilaria immitis infection (20:1 ratio) was found, with an overall density of 1267 microfilariae per millilitre of blood. Morphological features, including morphometry, and acid phosphatase histochemical staining confirmed identity of the two filarioids. Distribution of D. repens in Portugal should be further assessed at the population level both in vertebrate hosts and in vectors. Due to the zoonotic potential of the parasite, preventive measures such as the administration of microfilaricides and insect repellents should be put into practice to protect animals and public health. PMID:26486944

  10. A possible Madura foot from medieval Estremoz, southern Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Curto, Ana; Fernandes, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Maduromycosis, commonly called Madura foot, is an infectious pathology caused by fungi or bacteria, and it is native of the tropical, subtropical and equatorial areas. This paper presents a well preserved male skeleton, between 23 and 57 years old from a medieval necropolis (13th-15th centuries) in Estremoz, Portugal.The left foot of this individual showed marked alterations on the morphology of the calcaneus and cuboid that are ankylosed, which led to arthrosis of the calcaneous and talus. T...

  11. Public investment in transportation infrastructures and economic performance in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Alfredo; Andraz, Jorge Miguel

    2002-01-01

    This paper uses a VAR approach to investigate the effects of aggregate and disaggregate measures of public investment in transportation infrastructures on private investment, employment, and output in Portugal. Estimation results suggest that public investment in transportation infrastructures crowds in private investment and employment and, therefore, has a strong positive effect on output. Indeed, we estimate that one euro invested in public investment increases output in the long-term b...

  12. Telecommunications reforms in Portugal and the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Helena

    1996-01-01

    The social democrats, in office from 1985 to 1995, have introduced significant reforms in the Portuguese telecommunications sector. The terminal equipment and advanced services were liberalised; the separation of the regulatory and operational functions became effective; the telecommunications sector underwent a major re-restructuring which involved the merger of the three main public telecommunications operators and, finally, the main operator, Portugal Telecom, was partly privatised. The EU...

  13. Places and Belongings: Conjugality between Angola and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Grassi, Marzia

    2015-01-01

    In the context of contemporary studies of families and transnational lives, this paper sets out the emergence of new forms of conjugality among heterosexual couples living apart (one in Portugal, the other in Angola). Considering the importance of gender stratification we seek to understand how the construction of masculinity is reformulated in the couple when the man migrates to the other country to find work. When a conjugal pair separates as a result of the migration of one ...

  14. South Portugal Reservoirs – Status and major concerns

    OpenAIRE

    H. Silva; Morais, M.; Rosado, J.; Serafim, A.; Pedro, A; Sarmento, P.; Fialho, A

    2011-01-01

    In southern Portugal, the dry summers together with low precipitations and high temperatures highlight the importance of reservoirs, built mainly for water storage and to smoothing the interannual precipitation variability, in one of the driest regions in the country. According to the Water Framework Directive nº2000/60/CE, all states members are responsible for the classification of superficial water bodies using a system based on both ecological and chemical status. The Water Framework D...

  15. Acculturation strategies and outcomes of international retired migrants in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dahab, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    Dissertation submitted as partial requirement for the conferral of Master in Psychology of Intercultural Relations / PsycINFO Codes:3000 Social Psychology; 3020 Group & Interpersonal Processes The IRM (International Retired Migrants) are a growing demographic group in Portugal. The literature in Social Psychology has so far overlooked how this specific group acculturates. This study investigated the acculturation strategies adopted by the IRM, their psychological and sociocultural adaptati...

  16. Making sense of TV for children : the case of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Sara; Pinto, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Empowering children for a critical and judicious use and consumption of media is a main objective of media literacy. This paper aims to examine the range of television programs available for children in Portugal through a comparative analysis of the programming for children broadcast by the four Portuguese terrestrial channels (RTP1, RTP2, SIC and TVI) over the course of a year. A content analysis of 4,491 programs reveals that about one third have an explicit educational goal and th...

  17. Punk fanzines in Portugal (1978-2013) : a mapping exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Quintela, Pedro; Guerra, Paula

    2016-01-01

    With the emergence of punk in the UK and USA, in the 1970s, the production, distribution and consumption of fanzines became relevant, as an area of freedom of thought and creativity, and as an alternative to conventional media. Since then the fanzines scene clearly expanded, at different levels. In this paper we discuss preliminary results of an ongoing research on the emergence, development and transformation of punk movement in Portugal, from 1978 until nowadays, in which the fanzines and, ...

  18. Multilevel role prescriptions : Portugal, NATO and the CFSP

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Isabel Ferreira

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the impact of role prescriptions by international organisations on small state foreign and security policies. Focusing on Portugal, NATO and the EU, the study analyses primary sources (official documents) and blends role theory with insights of sociological institutionalism, finding empirical evidence of policy roles informed by prescribed appropriate standards of behaviour. The study uses a) sociological institutionalist views about the logic of appropriateness as a guidi...

  19. Decapod larvae dynamics on Berlengas Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO) - Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lénia Da Fonseca Alexandre Rato; Henrique Queiroga

    2014-01-01

    Berlengas Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO (BBR) is located on the west coast of Portugal and is an important hotspot of biodiversity that needs to be described and monitored. Despite that, few or none studies had focus on decapod larvae populations. The present study intends to evaluate spatial and temporal dynamics of decapod larvae and its relation with oceanographic features. Sampling campaigns were performed between June 2010 and August 2012. Zooplankton samples were collected on a Bongo...

  20. Demographic and Health Changes in Portugal (1900-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Joao Guardado Moreira; Filipa de Castro Henriques

    2016-01-01

    These paper seeks to improve our knowledge of Portuguese epidemiological and demographic change through the twentieth century up until nowadays. Demographic Transition, as defined by Warren Thompson (1929), occurred in Portugal, much later than in other developed countries. Economic, Political, cultural, religious and social causes delayed the beginning of decline of both mortality and fertility. Our aim is to develop the Demographic change with a focus in mortality. In the beginning of th...

  1. Cross-border tourism: Spain and Portugal, a common destination

    OpenAIRE

    Maiz-Bar, Carmen; Pardellas, Xulio; Padin, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    A new approach to the analysis of the border between Spain and Portugal, a basically rural territory, requires a debate about local development problems, among which we can find the effects of its configuration as a common tourist destination. This paper presents an assessment of several elements for that debate, and the common resources that can define the area as a common tourist destination. A design model is also provided, which can enable territory planning through the appraisal of those...

  2. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    OpenAIRE

    Gouveia, C.; Trigo, R. M.; DaCamara, C. C.

    2009-01-01

    Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Soil Water Index (SWI), is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the las...

  3. Quality of concrete : one example in the north of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, P. J.; Aguiar, J. L. Barroso de; De Oliveira, Pedro; Camões, Aires

    2010-01-01

    The non-quality and non-conformity of concrete, simulates the development of pathologies into the structure and consequently in coatings and masonry. So an early degradation of the buildings could be reached. The objectives of this study were he characterization of the procedures adopted for the production concrete n some works in the north of Portugal, determining he strength class required in the project. At this point, we performed the evaluation of the compressive resistance f concrete n ...

  4. Asthma in an Urban Population in Portugal: A prevalence study

    OpenAIRE

    Almada-Lobo Filipa; Colaço Tânia; Santo Maria; de Sousa Jaime; Yaphe John

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The prevalence and incidence of asthma are believed to be increasing but research on the true incidence, prevalence and mortality from asthma has met methodological obstacles since it has been difficult to define and diagnose asthma in epidemiological terms. New and widely accepted diagnostic criteria for asthma present opportunities for progress in this field. Studies conducted in Portugal have estimated the disease prevalence between 3% and 15%. Available epidemiological...

  5. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro D. Gaspar; Rita Pinheiro; Cláudia Domingues; Celestino Almeida; Teresa Paiva; Pereira, Carlos D.; Manuela Vaz-Velho

    2015-01-01

    Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1) analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2) anal...

  6. Ethics and deontology of medical education and nurses in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Clara Costa; Azevedo, Maria da Conceição

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses deontological issues of health care professions in relation to their ethical foundation. We present four models of teaching ethics and deontology in doctors’ training and the results of a PhD research on the teaching of these subjects in nurses’ training in Portugal. Given the importance of bioethics in deontological training of health care professions, we present a comparative analysis of. bioethical principles enunciated by Beauchamp and Childress (1979), related to ‘...

  7. Herbs and spices in traditional recipes of Alentejo (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    A.S. Dias; Dias, L. S.

    2006-01-01

    Alentejo, representing about 30% of the area and 5% of the population of Portugal, is a semi-arid region of undulated plains with a Mediterranean climate softened by the Atlantic, with mild winters but hot and dry summers. With an old history of scarcity and pauperism, it shows very particular cultural traits, including a unique culinary tradition, with a high use of wild plants, herbs, and bread-based dishes. An inventory of traditional recipes of Alentejo was built from various sources, ...

  8. Salt Fluxes in a Complex River Mouth System of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Nuno; Lencart e Silva, João D.; Dias, João Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Measurements of velocity and salinity near the mouth and head of the Espinheiro channel (Ria de Aveiro lagoon, Portugal) are used to study the local variation of physical water properties and to assess the balance, under steady conditions, between the seaward salt transport induced by river discharge and the landward dispersion induced by various mixing mechanisms. This assessment is made using data sampled during complete tidal cycles. Under the assumption that the estuarine tidal channel is...

  9. Current effectiveness of amitraz against Varroa in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sância; Murilhas, António; Pereira, Óscar; Maia, Miguel

    2005-01-01

    The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) was first detected in Portugal in 1986. Since then, there has been a frequent use of amitraz (Apivar, Acadrex) in the attempt to cope with it. Following (i) various credible international reports of increased varroa resistance to amitraz and (ii) regular claims, by national beekeepers, of poor efficacy of Apivar treatments, a large screening project was setup (2003/2004) for trying to identify honey bee colonies hosting varroa populations resistant to amitr...

  10. Renewable energy in Portugal : legislation, incentives and suggestions

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, M. Fernanda T.; Júlio S Martins; Afonso, João L.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents the evolution of renewable energy generation in Portugal in the last decade, and explains the legislation and incentives in existence. The paper also presents suggestions that could incentive small and medium consumers to install renewable energy power plants (namely of wind power and photovoltaic types) in their facilities. These power plants would have to accomplish present legislation regarding “reactive energy” production during peak power consumption period, and besid...

  11. Study of Organic Honey from the Northeast of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa Gomes; Xesús Feás; Antonio Iglesias; Estevinho, Leticia M.

    2011-01-01

    Concerns about traces of numerous toxic substances and authenticity have prompted consumer demand for honey that is certified as organic, based on strict ecological, natural principles and traceability. The present study aims to characterize organic honey samples (n = 73) from Northeast Portugal, with respect to floral nectar origin, physicochemical parameters and microbial safety. The phenols and flavonoids contents, often referred to as responsible for honey’s bioactive properties, were als...

  12. Suicides in the Centre of Portugal: seven years analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Daniel; Mendonça, M. Cristina; Real, Francisco Corte; Vieira, Duarte Nuno; Teixeira, Helena M.

    2014-01-01

    As one of the more specific and distinctive problems of human beings, suicide has been investigated with increasing attention all over the world. Several risk factors have been described as well as limitations arising from their study. The World Health Organization estimates that this scourge affects one million people annually, which corresponds to one death every 40 s worldwide. According to recent studies, Portugal, despite the good rates (10 suicide deaths per 100,000 inhabitants), had sh...

  13. Typology of abuse and harassment in domestic work in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Figueiredo; Suleman, F; Botelho, M.C.

    2016-01-01

    Using an original dataset, our study explores types of abuse and harassment suffered by a sample of domestic workers in Portugal (n=684). Empirical evidence based on multiple correspondence and cluster analyses pointed to three segments of domestic workers: victims of labour abuse related to contract and wages, victims of multiple abuse including mistreatment and also psychological and sexual harassment, and a segment with no occurrence of abuse. Descriptive statistics suggest migrants, es...

  14. Female visualities: exhibitions of womens artists in Brazil and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Corrêa e Silva

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents one of the most known regenerating means, re-signifying and diffuser of visualities: the museum’s exhibitions. We intend to demonstrate the importance of this type of event in the museum’s context and for the society, from a perspective that integrates sociomuseology and gender. These concepts were applied to a comparative analysis of two new recents exhibitions dedicated to the artist women, seen in cases of Brazil and Portugal.

  15. The historical reception: texts about Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Gomes

    2014-01-01

    This works analyzes the presence of Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal, during the 1960s and 1970s, from the review of texts published in magazines and newspapers. Here, those texts are seen as traces of historical reception of films, important for dissemination of the Cinema Novo movement and even legitimacy on Portuguese territory. The analysis of these texts has shown that the excellent reception from the press to Cinema Novo shaped the program of the Portuguese movie criticism that support...

  16. How resistant to fluvalinate are varroa populations in Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sância; Murilhas, António; Maia, Miguel; Pereira, Óscar

    2005-01-01

    The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) was first detected in Portugal in 1986. Since then, there has been a widespread use of fluvalinate (Apistan, Klartan) in the attempt to cope with it. Following (i) various credible international reports of increased varroa resistance to fluvalinate and (ii) repeated claims from national beekeepers of poor efficacy of Apistan treatments, a large screening project was setup (2003/2004) for trying to identify honeybee colonies hosting varroa populations resist...

  17. Fire spread prediction in shrub fuels in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Paulo

    2000-01-01

    Expertise and knowledge of forest fire behaviour provide a sound basis to fire management activities. This study examines the possibility of describing fire spread in shrubland by means of a simple empirical model. Rates of fire spread up to 20 m min-1 and the associated weather and fuel conditions were measured on a set of experimental and prescribed burns in four different shrub fuel types in Portugal. Shrubland fire spread in flat terrain could be accurately predicted in terms of wi...

  18. Determination of forest fire causes in Portugal (1966-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    L. Lourenço; S. Fernándes; Nunes, A.; A. Bento-Gonçalves; A. Vieira

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this study is to analyse the most important causes affecting fire ignitions in Portugal mainland, between 1996 and 2010. The forest fire database was provided by the Portuguese Government Forest Services (National Forest Authority, AFN), that group the causes in six main categories (negligent usage of fire, accidental, structural causes, incendiary, natural and unknown). The analysis of the causes of the forest fires ignitions shows that the greatest part was not investig...

  19. Consumer satisfaction with water, wastewater and waste services in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Hormann, Karoline

    2016-01-01

    While the concept of consumer satisfaction is a central topic in modern marketing theory and practice, citizens' satisfaction with public services, and especially water and waste services, is a eld that still remains empirically rather unexplored. The following study aims to contribute to this area by analysing the determinants of user satisfaction in the water, wastewater and waste sector in Portugal, using a unique survey of 1070 consumers undertaken by the Portuguese Wat...

  20. Aprender e inovar com TIC em Portugal. Propostas e Desafios

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Fernando Albuquerque; Jorge, Milena

    2011-01-01

    Neste texto apresenta-se um quadro analítico dos projetos pedagógicos de utilização de tecnologias digitais recentemente apresentados pelas escolas e selecionados no âmbito do Concurso Aprender e Inovar com TIC, promovido pela Direção-Geral de Inovação e Desenvolvimento Curricular, em Portugal. Direção-Geral de Inovação e Desenvolvimento Curricular

  1. Open access in Portugal : recent evolution and current situation

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Eloy

    2010-01-01

    We present a comprehensive portrait of the Portuguese initiatives related to Open Access, such as the implementation of open access institutional repositories at various Portuguese universities and research institutes and the publication of OA journals. Our presentation starts by providing some contextual background on the Portuguese scientific and research systems, scientific publication and Open Access, followed by a brief history and evolution of Open Access initiatives in Portugal since 2...

  2. Syphilis hospitalisations in Portugal over the last decade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa-Pinto, B; Freitas, A; Lisboa, C

    2016-02-01

    Although several studies have reported an increase of syphilis incidence over the last decade in Western Europe, information concerning syphilis epidemiology in Portugal remains scarce. Therefore, we sought to characterise acquired syphilis-associated hospitalisations in Portugal according to demographic and clinical data. We used a database containing all hospitalisations that occurred in mainland Portugal public hospitals with discharges between 2000 and 2014. We analysed all hospitalisations associated with ICD-9-CM codes 091-097.x (corresponding to acquired syphilis diagnosis) concerning inpatients' gender, age and comorbidities. The median length of stay and in-hospital mortality rates were also studied. Between 2000 and 2014, there were a total of 8974 syphilis-related hospitalisations in mainland Portugal. The rate of acquired syphilis hospitalisations per 100,000 inhabitants increased by 33 % during the studied period. Syphilis hospitalisation rates increased by 70 % in males and 139 % among patients aged over 55 years. On the other hand, they declined by 10 % in females and 20 % among patients younger than 55 years old. The percentage of syphilis episodes presenting cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric comorbidities increased, while the percentage of syphilis episodes presenting HIV co-infection decreased by 69 %. A fatal outcome was reported in 5 % of episodes; 4.6 % of them had acquired syphilis as the main reason for hospitalisation. This study illustrates that, despite being a preventable infection, syphilis remains a public health problem. The analysis of hospitalisation and administrative data helps to understand syphilis epidemiology and provides a supplement to traditional case notifications. PMID:26581424

  3. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina M. Rodrigues; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend. It i...

  4. Sheep production and stray dogs attacks in Beira Interior - Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, J.P.V.; Andrade, L.P.; Carvalho, J.; Ferreira, A.; Monteiro, J.S.T.; Alberto, D.

    2008-01-01

    Livestock production in extensive systems (mainly with sheep) if faced with a high level of attacks/predation done by stray dogs, wolves and other carnivores. In the region, sheep predation by stray dogs is recognised; foxes and Egyptians mongooses also attack lambs. The incidente of attacks on livestock animals was evaluated in Beira Interior, Portugal, based on inquiries (n=156) with the last actualisation in 2007.

  5. Information literacy in Portugal : some results of a research project

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Armando Barreiros Malheiro da; Fernández Marcial, Viviana

    2008-01-01

    A paper present some data about a project which, although focused on the specific case of Portugal, intents to make a scientific approach of the challenges of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and its impact in the field of the information literacy, considering the actual context of the Information Society. The main questions that it intents to answer are: understand how the university students face the new competences required by the creation of the EHEA; know how these students are ...

  6. Photovoltaic energy mini-generation: Future perspectives for Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper evaluates the benefits of developing the mini-generation PV market in Portugal. It presents the legal framework and current status of the Portuguese PV electricity sector, and compares the country to other European nations: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. A model that combines PVGIS with a self-developed financial tool is used to assess the feasibility of a 150 kW mini-generation system using five different technologies: fixed mount, single-axis tracking, double-axis tracking, low concentration and medium concentration (MCPV). The profitability of the mini-generation systems in the seven countries studied is calculated and compared. According to this analysis, MCPV and, of the conventional technologies, the single-axis tracking systems are the most profitable technologies. Despite the attractiveness of the current Portuguese feed-in tariffs and of the abundant solar resource, investors are discouraged and the country's PV market is far from mature. Specific mini-generation regulations should focus on a fast and transparent licensing procedure and should promote the access to financing. This would attract new investments, which would result in the growth of the PV electricity produced, and would help Portugal to meet its European Union Renewable Energy targets. - Highlights: → This work promotes the development of a mini-generation PV market in Portugal. → The Portuguese current status and legal framework is compared to other EU countries. → The profitability of 5 different PV technologies is compared for 7 European countries. → The Portuguese growth potential for PV energy is still big. → Portugal, due to its radiation levels, presents excellent investment opportunities.

  7. 27 CFR 9.154 - Chiles Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Chiles Valley. 9.154... Chiles Valley. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Chiles Valley.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundary of the Chiles...

  8. The Role of Portugal in the International Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A year ago, Portugal celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the so-called Revolution of the Carnations, which marked the beginning of an unstoppable process of democratization and the ensuing full incorporation of Portugal into the institutionalized international community. The Portugal’s opting for orderly decolonialization and full integration into the world of international law has twice brought it a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council and also the Presidency of the UN General Assembly. In the area of security and defense, Portugal began an unprecedented change of course. Its traditional alliance with NATO has been strengthened by new strategic concepts and by its incorporation into new peacekeeping and international security programs in organizations such as the UN, the Western European Union, the OSCE, and even withinthe framework of the European Union where it participates quite actively in accordance with its level in relation to the other members. Also analyzed are the process of incorporation into Community institutions and its direct, precise participation in the evolution they have followed in recent years, with it now being fully integrated into all the areas of regional integration from the "eurozone” to the Schengen framework. The article also points out the gains this very rational choice has brought. Finally, the changes that have come about in bilateral relations with Spain are analyzed.

  9. Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) from wild birds in southern Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomás, André; Palma, Ricardo L; Rebelo, Maria Teresa; da Fonseca, Isabel Pereira

    2016-06-01

    This study was carried out to determine chewing louse species of wild birds in the Ria Formosa Natural Park, located in southern Portugal. In addition, the hypothesis that bird age, avian migration and social behaviour have an impact on the louse prevalence was tested. Between September and December of 2013, 122 birds (belonging to 10 orders, 19 families, 31 genera and 35 species) captured in scientific ringing sessions and admitted to the Wildlife Rehabilitation and Investigation Centre of Ria Formosa were examined for lice. Twenty-six (21.3%) birds were found to be infested with at least one chewing louse species. The chewing lice identified include 18 species. Colonial birds (34.9%) and migratory birds (29.5%) had statistically significant higher prevalence than territorial birds (6.8%) and resident birds (13.1%), respectively. This paper records 17 louse species for the first time in southern Portugal: Laemobothrion maximum, Laemobothrion vulturis, Actornithophilus piceus lari, Actornithophilus umbrinus, Austromenopon lutescens, Colpocephalum heterosoma, Colpocephalum turbinatum, Eidmanniella pustulosa, Nosopon casteli, Pectinopygus bassani, Pseudomenopon pilosum, Trinoton femoratum, Trinoton querquedulae, Craspedorrhynchus platystomus, Degeeriella fulva, Falcolipeurus quadripustulatus, Lunaceps schismatus. Also a nymph of the genus Strigiphilus was collected from a Eurasian eagle-owl. These findings contribute to the knowledge of avian chewing lice from important birds areas in Portugal. PMID:26899014

  10. Taxation of Insolvent Companies: Empirical Evidence in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina dos Santos Arromba Dinis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the issue of taxation of insolvent companies in Portugal, particularly regarding the Portuguese tax on revenue of legal entities (IRC. For this purpose, first, some considerations on the legal framework of insolvent companies are woven and, second, their tax regime is analyzed. Then, a brief review of the main studies that, in the international context, analyze and debate major issues derived from the tax regime of insolvent companies is conducted, particularly in Brazil, Spain, United States, and Italy. Finally, there are the results of an empirical study conducted in Portugal, in 2013, which evaluates and compares the opinions of insolvency administrators (IA, the tax and customs authority (TA, and court magistrates (CM, in order to contribute to a better solution concerning business taxation under this regime. Respondents (IA, TA, CM demonstrate objective thinking about the fact they believe it is very important that the Portuguese Code of Insolvency and Business Recovery (CIRE and the Portuguese Code of Tax on Revenue of Legal Entities (CIRC are modified, now to make clear whether the settlement of property ownership of an insolvent estate is liable to the IRC, then to assign a chapter specifically devoted to the subject of taxation on insolvency in Portugal.

  11. How to achieve a 100% RES electricity supply for Portugal?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portugal is a country with an energy system highly dependent on oil and gas imports. Imports of oil and gas accounted for 85% of the country's requirements in 2005 and 86% in 2006. Meanwhile, the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the total primary energy consumption was only 14% in 2006. When focusing only on electricity production, the situation is somewhat better. The share of RES in gross electricity production varies between 20% and 35% and is dependent on the hydropower production in wet and dry years. This paper presents, on a national scale, Portugal's energy system planning and technical solutions for achieving 100% RES electricity production. Planning was based on hourly energy balance and use of H2RES software. The H2RES model provides the ability to integrate various types of storages into energy systems in order to increase penetration of the intermittent renewable energy sources or to achieve a 100% renewable island, region or country. The paper also represents a stepping-stone for studies offering wider possibilities in matching and satisfying electricity supply in Portugal with potential renewable energy sources. Special attention has been given to intermittent sources such as wind, solar and ocean waves that can be coupled to appropriate energy storage systems charged with surplus amounts of produced electricity. The storage systems also decrease installed power requirements for generating units. Consequently, these storages will assist in avoiding unnecessary rejection of renewable potential and reaching a sufficient security of energy supply. (author)

  12. Contribution of natural gas for sustainable development in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Sarmento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Portugal has strongly limited domestic energy resources, since imports almost 90% of its energy needs and its energy production is totally from renewable energy sources. The addition of natural gas to the Portuguese energy mix in 1997 helped to diversify Portugal’s energy sources and is a contribution to the mitigation of environmental problems. In 1997 also ceased the production and use of domestic coal. In fact, Portugal is working to reduce the growth in energy use and CO2 emissions, in order to follow the Kyoto Protocol. This measure can be linked to environmental sustainability policies, creating the opportunity for new business to appear. Natural gas, in some applications, can substitute the electricity, implying a decrease in price. Security of gas supply is an important issue, since Portugal depends mainly on a single supplier. This paper aims at analysing the emerging gas market, (threats and opportunities, its evolution andcomparison with other OECD countries.

  13. The Future of Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Leu

    2006-01-01

    @@ By the end of 1984, Silicon Valley was going through the down cycle fol lowing the PC boom. A hundred PC companies wanted just 10 percent of the market, wanting to strike it rich, as rich as the Apple IPO (Initial Public Of fering) -the Google celebrity IPO of its day.

  14. Shear-wave structure of the Lower-Tagus Valley region from ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Graça; Matos, Catarina; Dias, Nuno; Custódio, Susana; Morais, Iolanda

    2014-05-01

    The Lower Tagus Valley (LTV), located on Western Portugal, has a record of significant historical and instrumental seismicity. Knowledge of its subsurface structure is invaluable to better assess seismicity, earthquake source processes and associated risks. Ambient noise tomography is an efficient tool to illuminate crustal structure, providing a resolution which mainly depends of network coverage. Since 2006 the permanent Portuguese broadband (BB) seismic network expanded significantly. More recently a temporary dense BB network was deployed in Portugal, filling gaps between permanent stations and providing an excellent opportunity to study the shallow crustal structure beneath the LTV. Dispersion measurements were computed for each station pair using empirical Green's functions generated by cross-correlating one-day-length seismic ambient-noise records. To improve the seismic ambient noise signal extraction we apply a phase cross-correlation method, followed by time-frequency domain phase weighted stack. Group-velocities were inverted to obtain S-wave velocity profiles between station pairs. The models will be compared with models gathered from Ps receiver functions. The results obtained for the LTV will be integrated on a previous larger scale noise tomography performed on the entire Penisula. The models will be compared with models gathered from Ps receiver functions. The results obtained for the crust using both methods are consistent. This work is supported by project AQUAREL (PTDC/CTE-GIX/116819/2010) and a contribution to project QuakeLoc-PT (PTDC/GEO-FIQ/3522/2012).

  15. Topological spin and valley pumping in silicene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Wei; Sheng, L; Wang, B G; Xing, D Y

    2016-01-01

    We propose to realize adiabatic topological spin and valley pumping by using silicene, subject to the modulation of an in-plane ac electric field with amplitude Ey and a vertical electric field consisting of an electrostatic component and an ac component with amplitudes and . By tuning and , topological valley pumping or spin-valley pumping can be achieved. The low-noise valley and spin currents generated can be useful in valleytronic and spintronic applications. Our work also demonstrates that bulk topological spin or valley pumping is a general characteristic effect of two-dimensional topological insulators, irrelevant to the edge state physics. PMID:27507592

  16. Feature enhancement from electrical resistivity data in an archaeological survey: the Sapelos hillfort experiment (Boticas, Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Mafalda; Bernardes, Paulo; Fontes, Luís.; Martins, Manuela; Madeira, Joaquim

    2015-06-01

    The PoPaTERVA project is developing applied research regarding the comprehension of the multi-layered cultural background of the Terva Valley Archaeological Park, in Boticas, Portugal. One of the main aspects focused on the project is the appliance of remote sensing techniques to enhance non visible archaeological features. An earth resistance tomography (ERT) survey was carried out at the Sapelos hillfort, by the specialized SINERGEO geophysicist's team, using a Wenner-Schlumberger array. The resulting data was analyzed by the authors in order to extract and verify valid archaeological features regarding the settlement's structures. There are several adequate systems that can be used to visualize the surveyed data (x, y, z, Ω). However, the authors preferred the open source Visualization Toolkit (VTK) from Kitware Inc., since it supports several visualization and modelling techniques that are useful for interpretation purposes in archaeological contexts: for instance, it is possible to represent the archaeological site as a virtual scale model, which can be freely manipulated. For the Sapelos hillfort, two distinct visualizations were developed to represent the acquired electrical resistivity data. The first one is used to create a comprehensive volume from the surveyed data, which is imported as structured 3D points and mapped into a 3D volume. However, this representation does not provide the necessary insight for analysis purposes, so a second visualization is needed to cluster the relevant data for archaeological research. This visualization is based on contouring algorithms that generate isosurfaces from scalar resistivity values (Ω), therefore enhancing the features with potential archaeological interest.

  17. Population mobility and the changing epidemics of HIV-2 in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carvalho, A C; Valadas, E; França, L;

    2012-01-01

    Portugal is the European country with the highest frequency of HIV-2 infection, which is mainly concentrated in West Africa. The cumulative number of notified HIV-2 infections in Portugal was 1813 by the end of December 2008. To better characterize the dynamics of HIV-2 infection in the country a...

  18. Epidemiological review of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. However, data from Portugal are limited and a considerable part of the literature is in Portuguese. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Portugal is unknown, and almost nothing is known of sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis. There is no general popu...

  19. Reverse FDI in Europe: An Analysis of Angola’s FDI in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos P. Barros; Bruno Damásio; João R. Faria

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses investment from Angola in Portugal. An open economy model with money laundering is proposed and then tested with a time series Bayesian regression. The result reveals that exports and corruption are the positive determinants of Angola FDI in Portugal. Policy implications are derived.

  20. Assessing International Product Design and Development Graduate Courses: The MIT-Portugal Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dori, Yehudit Judy; Silva, Arlindo

    2010-01-01

    The Product Design and Development (PDD) course is part of the graduate curriculum in the Engineering Design and Advanced Manufacturing (EDAM) study in the MIT-Portugal Program. The research participants included about 110 students from MIT, EDAM, and two universities in Portugal, Instituto Superior Técnico-Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (IST) and…

  1. España y Portugal ante la Segunda Guerra Mundial desde 1939 a 1942

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez de las Heras Hernández, María Soledad

    1994-01-01

    Igual que con otros países europeos la España Nacional gestó su amistad con Portugal durante la guerra civil. Si Italia y Alemania eran grandes potencias llamadas a tener un papel estelar en la contienda que se avecinaba, Portugal, por su unidad ide

  2. Análise do mercado de remessas: Portugal/Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    João Peixoto; António Vasco Marques

    2010-01-01

    Estudo para o conhecimento do mercado de remessas de imigrantes de Portugal para o Brasil. O estudo inclui as tendências e características actuais da imigração brasileira em Portugal e o contexto regulador do mercado.

  3. First records of crocodyle and pterosaur tracks in the Upper Jurassic of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mateus, Octavio; Milàn, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    The Upper Jurassic of Portugal has a rich vertebrate fauna well documented from both body and trace fossils. Although the occurrence of crocodyles and pterosaurs is well documented from body fossils, trace fossils from both groups were unknown until now. Here we describe an isolated crocodyle...... Late Jurassic vertebrate fauna of Portugal....

  4. Kolmas vaatus Euroopa võlakriisis - Portugal. Oht Portugali mainel / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Portugal kavatseb läbi viia riigivõlakirjade emissiooni, samas müüvad teisedki riigid lähiajal võlakirju, mille riskiaste on väiksem. Portugal eitab väidet, nagu oleks Saksamaa ja Prantsusmaa survestanud teda Euroopa kriisifondist abi küsima

  5. Developmental Dyslexia: Perspectives on Teacher Training and Learning Disabilities in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalhais, Lenia; da Silva, Carlos Fernandes

    2010-01-01

    The focus of this study was to explore primary teachers' attitudes and perceptions toward their training experiences, instructional practices, and supports received in their schools toward working with students with dyslexia in Portugal. Primary school teachers from the centre of Portugal, working with children between the first and fourth grades,…

  6. Maculinea alcon exploits Myrmica aloba in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnaldo, P.S.; Wynhoff, I.; Soares, P.;

    2011-01-01

    Larvae of the obligate myrmecophilous social parasite Maculinea alcon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) were found exclusively using Myrmica aloba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant hosts in NE-Portugal. This is the first record of the host ant usage of any Maculinea species in Portugal, and of any Maculinea...

  7. The Owens Valley solar array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solar microwave emission contains essential information for the study of the coronal magnetic structure of active regions and of thermal and nonthermal flare electrons. To exploit this potential requires BOTH imaging and spectroscopy with sufficient resolution to resolve spatial and spectral features. The VLA provides excellent solar imaging (when in the C and D configurations) but inadequate spectral coverage. The existing Owens Valley system has excellent spectral coverage but imaging that is adequate only for very simple sources. The Owens Valley system is currently undergoing an expansion, which when completed in October 1990 will provide a SOLAR-DEDICATED 5 antenna array (10 baselines). By using frequency-synthesis, this will provide a significant imaging capability in addition to its current spectral coverage

  8. Magic nuclei in superheavy valley

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuyan, M.; Patra, S. K.

    2011-01-01

    An extensive theoretical search for the proton magic number in the superheavy valley beyond $Z=$82 and corresponding neutron magic number after $N=$126 is carried out. For this we scanned a wide range of elements $Z=112-130$ and their isotopes. The well established non-relativistic Skryme-Hartree-Fock and Relativistic Mean Field formalisms with various force parameters are used. Based on the calculated systematics of pairing gap, two neutron separation energy and the shell correction energy f...

  9. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Gouveia

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI and the Soil Water Index (SWI, is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the last decade, i.e., 1999, 2002 and particularly the major event of 2005. During both the 1999 and 2005 drought episodes negative anomalies of NDVI are observed over large sectors of Southern Portugal for up to nine months (out of eleven of the vegetative cycle. On the contrary, the 2002 event was characterized by negative anomalies in the northern half of Portugal and for a shorter period (eight out of eleven months. The impact of soil moisture on vegetation dynamics is evaluated by analyzing monthly anomalies of SWI and by studying the annual cycle of SWI vs. NDVI. While in the case of the drought episode of 1999 the scarcity of water in the soil persisted until spring, in the recent episode of 2005 the deficit in greenness was already apparent at the end of summer. The impact of dry periods on vegetation is clearly observed in both arable land and forest, and it is found that arable land presents a higher sensitivity. From an operational point of view, obtained results reveal the possibility of using the developed methodology to monitor, in quasi real-time, vegetation stress and droughts in Mediterranean ecosystems.

  10. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, C.; Trigo, R. M.; Dacamara, C. C.

    2009-02-01

    Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Soil Water Index (SWI), is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the last decade, i.e., 1999, 2002 and particularly the major event of 2005. During both the 1999 and 2005 drought episodes negative anomalies of NDVI are observed over large sectors of Southern Portugal for up to nine months (out of eleven) of the vegetative cycle. On the contrary, the 2002 event was characterized by negative anomalies in the northern half of Portugal and for a shorter period (eight out of eleven months). The impact of soil moisture on vegetation dynamics is evaluated by analyzing monthly anomalies of SWI and by studying the annual cycle of SWI vs. NDVI. While in the case of the drought episode of 1999 the scarcity of water in the soil persisted until spring, in the recent episode of 2005 the deficit in greenness was already apparent at the end of summer. The impact of dry periods on vegetation is clearly observed in both arable land and forest, and it is found that arable land presents a higher sensitivity. From an operational point of view, obtained results reveal the possibility of using the developed methodology to monitor, in quasi real-time, vegetation stress and droughts in Mediterranean ecosystems.

  11. The Ançã limestones, Coimbra, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinta-Ferreira, Mário; Gil Catarino, Lídia; Delgado Rodrigues, José

    2016-04-01

    Ançã is located in the Lusitanian Basin (western Meso-Cenozoic sedimentary basin), in the municipality of Cantanhede, close to Coimbra, Portugal. This constitutes the northernmost Dogger (Bajocian) limestone sequence in Portugal. The use of the Ançã limestones is documented since the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. It was used for the construction of houses, palaces, churches, fine sculptures, carving, paving and for the production of lime. These limestones vary from white and very soft varieties, with very high porosity used for sculpture and carving to white and hard varieties used for masonry and as aggregates and to white to bluish with low porosity and high strength varieties, mainly used for paving. The softer and whiter variety is worldwide known as Ançã Stone (Pedra de Ançã) exhibiting a porosity of 26-29 %. It became famous after being largely used by Coimbra most famous Renaissance sculptors like João de Ruão and Nicolau de Chanterenne. The Pedra de Ançã was used mainly in the region of Coimbra, but also in several other places in Portugal, in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, and Brazil. Some examples of heritage in Coimbra using the Pedra de Ançã are the renaissance portal of the Saint Cross Church, the tombs of the first two Portuguese kings located in this church, the altar of the Saint Cross Church or of the Old Cathedral, or in sculptures at the University of Coimbra. It is quite prone to deteriorate when exposed to atmospheric agents and to soluble salts, mainly due to its high porosity. Deteriorated surfaces needing treatment constitute difficult conservation problems, especially when consolidation and protection treatments are required. The less porous varieties of the Ançã limestones (UNESCO Word Heritage, where Ançã limestones, including the Pedra de Ançã, were extensively used.

  12. Portugal na visão unamuniana da Ibéria como unidade dialética Portugal in Unamuno's view of Iberia as a dialectic unity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Patrick Newcomb

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Embora as relações do intelectual espanhol Miguel de Unamuno com Portugal tenham recebido bastante atenção crítica, o enfoque dessa tem sido a afirmação do interesse, mantido por décadas, de Unamuno pela terra e pela literatura portuguesa, e a confirmação de relações de influência entre Unamuno e escritores portugueses destacados. Longe disso, neste trabalho consideraremos como Unamuno incorpora Portugal numa concepção geral da Ibéria como unidade dialética, e demonstraremos como seu uso de um vocabulário corporal, de carne y hueso, contribui para dar sentido pleno à sua visão de tal Ibéria dialética, na qual Portugal desempenha um papel integral.While the topic of Spanish intellectual Miguel de Unamuno's relationship with Portugal has received a good deal of scholarly attention, this has focused on affirming Unamuno's longstanding interest in Portuguese literature and history, and on confirming the existence of relationships of influence between Unamuno and prominent Portuguese writers. This paper, instead, will consider how Unamuno fits Portugal into his broader vision of Iberia as a dialectical unity, and will demonstrate how Unamuno's use of a corporeal vocabulary, of carne y hueso, contributes to the fleshing out of his vision of a dialectical Iberia, in which Portugal plays an integral role.

  13. Evolution of upwelling fronts off the coast of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    We have analyzed the spatial and temporal variability of chlorophyll in the Atlantic Ocean off the Portugal coast using satellite imagery from 1979 to 1986 in conjunction with wind data. The spatial patterns in the imagery show the typical inshore-offshore and east-west gradients, while the temporal patterns show seasonal high winter values and low summer values. In the satellite imagery for the period 1979-1986, stable mesoscale and large scale patterns recurred despite interannual differences in absolute satellite-derived pigment concentrations.

  14. Modelos de ensino superior militar de Portugal e Espanha

    OpenAIRE

    Barreira, João, 1964-

    2013-01-01

    Sabemos que nos últimos 30 anos o Ensino Superior Militar (ESM) seguiu um percurso de convergência com o sistema de ensino superior nacional e, mais tarde, no sentido da acreditação internacional, seguindo as diretivas e critérios estabelecidos pelo processo de Bolonha. Por sua vez, Espanha também optou por seguir os critérios estabelecidos pelo processo de Bolonha, mas num caminho diferente do escolhido por Portugal. É neste sentido que o presente estudo visa analisar a exequibilidade de ...

  15. Plano de social media marketing para a TAP Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Andreia Cristina Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing O social media marketing adquire cada vez maior relevo para as empresas e exige, tal como noutras áreas de marketing, a delineação de um plano estratégico por forma a potenciar o seu sucesso. Tomando como objecto de estudo a companhia aérea TAP Portugal, foi elaborado um Plano de Social Media Marketing, com base no modelo conceptual de Barker et al. (2013), designado de "Social Media Planning Cycle". Para a elaboração do Plano, foram recolhidos dados primários, seguin...

  16. Social competence and academic achievement in immigrant adolescents in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Sofia; Lemos, Ida; Nunes, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de evaluar la relación entre las competencias sociales, el desempeño académico y una serie de características familiares en una muestra de 98 adolescentes inmigrantes de la región del Algarve (Portugal). Se utilizó el Self-report Form del Social Skills Rating System y se recogieron datos sobre el desempeño escolar y las variables asociadas a la familia como la situación y cualificación laboral de los padres, el número de años ...

  17. The historical reception: texts about Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Gomes

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This works analyzes the presence of Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal, during the 1960s and 1970s, from the review of texts published in magazines and newspapers. Here, those texts are seen as traces of historical reception of films, important for dissemination of the Cinema Novo movement and even legitimacy on Portuguese territory. The analysis of these texts has shown that the excellent reception from the press to Cinema Novo shaped the program of the Portuguese movie criticism that support the ideals of a political and aesthetics avant-garde cinema.

  18. Autoridade Aeronáutica Militar em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Isabel

    2010-01-01

    A 7-Julho-2009 foi publicada a última revisão da Lei de Defesa Nacional e da Lei Orgânica do Ministério da Defesa Nacional, que cria a Autoridade Aeronáutica Nacional (AAN), na dependência directa do Ministro da Defesa Nacional, sendo o Gen. CEMFA, por inerência, Autoridade Aeronáutica Nacional. Esta autoridade foi definida como regulada por legislação própria, legislação essa que ainda não foi aprovada. Esta investigação intitula-se - Autoridade Aeronáutica Militar em Portugal...

  19. Strategic environmental assessment in Tróia (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, João Joanaz de; Andrade, Francisco; Ferreira, M.A.; Gomes, N.; Leitão, P; Pinto, M. J.

    2005-01-01

    Over the last two decades, the Tróia peninsula (SW coast of Portugal) has been designated by the Portuguese authorities both as a protected area and as an area of tourism development. The private investor that took over the tourism developments in Tróia asked the Institute of Marine Research (IMAR) to undertake an SEA, to help frame the design and management of the future resort. SEA results were changed by local/central government decisions, granting “more” than stakeholder/owner’s pro...

  20. The Neogene of the Lower Tagus Basin (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, João

    2010-01-01

    Revista Española de Paleontologia 19 (2), 229-242 The Tertiary Lower Tagus Basin (LTB) occupies a large area in Portugal and constitutes a symmetric basin of the oriental huge Upper Tagus Basin, centered at Madrid (Spain). The LTB was an endorreic basin during the Paleogene. Marine connection occurred at the Lower Aquitanian; at the Lisbon – Setúbal Peninsula region the sedimentation was in the ocean/continent interface, with several changes in the coast line. Apparently, the first mar...

  1. Feminism By Other Means: Reframing The Abortion Debate In Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Whitten, Margarite J.

    2013-01-01

    On February 11, 2007, Portugal posed a referendum aimed at decriminalizing abortion and making it free on demand during the first ten weeks of pregnancy—the referendum passed. There was a noticeable shift in the arguments of the Yes campaign between the referendums in 1998 and 2007. Feminist discourse was intentionally and explicitly excluded from the 2007 Yes campaign after being blamed for the failure of the first referendum, even though the Yes campaign lost by less than a 1% margin in 199...

  2. A responsabilidade civil das sociedades de advogados em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias Simões, Fernando

    2008-01-01

    En Portugal, las sociedades de abogados pueden optar por un régimen de responsabilidad limitada o ilimitada. En las sociedades de abogados de responsabilidad limitada solamente la sociedad responde de las deudas sociales, teniendo la sociedad que contratar un seguro de responsabilidad civil. La admisión de este tipo de sociedad, con exclusión de la responsabilidad de los socios, implica una limitación de la responsabilidad por actos del propio deudor en las hipótesis de dolo o ...

  3. Ochratoxin A in Portugal: A Review to Assess Human Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia C. Duarte

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal, the climate, dietary habits, and food contamination levels present the characteristics for higher population susceptibility to ochratoxin A (OTA, one of the known mycotoxins with the greatest public health and agro-economic importance. In this review, following a brief historical insight on OTA research, a summary of the available data on OTA occurrence in food (cereals, bread, wine, meat and biological fluids (blood, urine is made. With this data, an estimation of intake is made to ascertain and update the risk exposure estimation of the Portuguese population, in comparison to previous studies and other populations.

  4. Choosing a university in Portugal: a conceptual model

    OpenAIRE

    Queijo, E.; R Silva; Laureano, R. M. S.

    2013-01-01

    This study, based on the scientific domains of consumer Behavior (decision-making process) and Brand Reputation perception, aims to check if Tourism is the key influencer or only a part of the set of components in the choice of a university in Portugal. The marketing mix (4 Ps) was the strategy chosen for the construction of the model and the parametric tests and the Logit Model are the statistical approaches suggested in this study. The limitations lie in the scarce literature on the subject...

  5. Alcoholismo, suicidio y factores de riesgo en Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa Ferreira de Castro; F Pimenta; Martins, I

    1992-01-01

    Se analiza indirectamente la contribución del alcoholismo en el suicidio. Se comparan las tasas de muerte por cirrosis hepática y por suicidio en Portugal y en el distrito de Lisboa, por sexo y profesiones. Las tasas son significativamente más altas en los hombres, los agricultores y en el distrito. Se concluye que el abuso alcohólico puede contribuir al aumento del suicidio. Se argumenta que los hombres sufren de depresión más grave y tienen tasas de suicidio más elevado debido, entre otros ...

  6. The health status of the population in Portugal: an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Cortes, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The health status of the population reflects not only the responsiveness and quality of the health sector, but also the progress that exists in society in economic and social terms. Having a cumulative and intersectoral nature, health is the result of a set of social determinants (e.g., education, income, etc.) and not only of the investment in health care. This paper analyses briefly the course of strategic planning in Portugal, as well as some indicators of the health status of the populati...

  7. Portugal: destino para turismo holístico

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Gabriel Lopes da

    2015-01-01

    O Turismo Holístico ganhou força no mundo com turistas que procuram programas e experiências que tragam equilíbrio às suas vidas. Praticar turismo holístico significa que qualquer turista pode usufruir e aproveitar uma experiência diferente, mais do que um simples contacto com as culturas, pessoas, lugares ou paisagens. Centra-se na autotransformação dos seres humanos, procurando entender mais sobre si mesmos. Em termos de Portugal Continental e ilhas, as regiões como o Gerês, ...

  8. [Fever and dry cough in a construction worker from Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiesli, P; Flepp, M; Greminger, P

    1997-07-30

    A 33-year-old Portugese worker presented with a one-week history of nonproductive cough and fever. A presumptive diagnosis "viral infection of the respiratory tract" was made. However, because of persisting cough and fever further investigations were necessary, and finally Brucella melitensis was isolated in blood cultures. Three months before admission to the hospital the man was dressing the carcasses of a goat in Portugal and consumpted fresh goats milk cheese. Antibiotic therapy with Rifampicin and Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazol over 6 weeks improved the signs and symptoms of the infection. PMID:9340710

  9. English as medium of instruction in Finland and in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Ana Sofia Ribeiro dos

    2010-01-01

    Esta tese explora o tema do Inglês como língua de instrução no ensino superior europeu, através da comparação de dois países, Portugal e Finlândia. Duas universidades (a Universidade de Aveiro e a Universidade de Tampere) foram seleccionadas como estudos de caso. A investigação segue uma metodologia qualitativa aplicada às especificidades de um estudo comparativo, e a recolha de dados foi feita através de análise documental, bem como de entrevistas em ambas as instituições. ...

  10. Ecologismo radical em Portugal? A "Animal" e a "Quercus"

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Sara Cristina Queijinho

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciência Política A presente investigação tem como tema de fundo uma ideologia que se afirmou recentemente: o ecologismo radical (anos 60, 70). Será que existem organizações com esse perfil em Portugal? Fruto de um sentimento de crise generalizado, o ecologismo radical levanta a consciência pública para os perigos que pode implicar o sistema económico dominante vigente. Os ecologistas radicais defendem que o capitalismo desenfreado e o industrialism...

  11. Causes of Deaths in Portugal and Challenges in Prevention

    OpenAIRE

    George, Francisco

    2012-01-01

    In Portugal, the hope of living, in terms of probability, either at birth or at 65 years old, has reached levels that represent huge gains and certainly reflect the successful initiatives developed in many sectors in the last 30 years. In 2008-2010, the average life expectancy at birth was 79.20 years for men and women. By contrast, in 1980, the average life expectancy at birth was 71.78 years. Furthermore, premature mortality, defined as occurring before 70 years of age, expressed as rate, r...

  12. Modelling of water quality in the Alqueva Reservoir, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Cláudia Lindim

    2011-01-01

    A eutrofização constitui um sério problema ambiental em lagos e albufeiras. A albufeira de Alqueva (Portugal) é a maior albufeira da Europa ocidental e constitui um importante recurso aquático regional. O principal afluente de Alqueva, o rio Guadiana, introduz elevadas cargas de nutrientes na albufeira fazendo com que a eutrofização seja motivo de preocupação nesta albufeira. Apesar da sua importância e problemas, existem poucos estudos científicos sobre a albufeira de Alqueva....

  13. The Bologna Process in Portugal and Poland: A comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Tomé

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the consequences of the introduction of the EU directed Bologna Process in Portuguese and Polish Universities. Specifically, we study how the Bologna Process has impacted in the employment situations of graduates in Portugal and Poland. Concerning methodology, we use available official data on the implementation of the Bologna Process in Poland and Portugal. We have found that the investment in Higher Education (HE stalled in both countries in the years since the implementation of the Bologna Process due to massive budgetary restrictions. Nevertheless, the stock of HE graduates increased massively, seemingly because the authorities thought that the free market should lead the HE market in the two countries. Employment prospects, unemployment prospects and wages of graduates continued to be much higher than those of non-graduates. But an unexpected divide appeared between graduates and Masters/PhDs, with important social consequences. While the first “saved” themselves and prospered going into high skilled jobs, the later had to endure minimum wage and underskilled occupations. The low payment for these youngsters was also justified because the supply of HE with Bologna increased but the demand by companies did not match. In fact, both Portugal and Poland have stronger needs in the demand side of the market than in the supply side. Finally, both markets continue to be essentially public and the experiences of privatization did not succeed to much. In terms of social implications, the Bologna Process faces in both countries the massive and decisive challenge of eliminating youth unemployment and emigration but this can only be done with the cooperation of companies that should create high paid and high skilled jobs. Only when this occurs the Bologna Process will achieve its ultimate goal of transforming Portugal and Poland in high skilled equibriuns. Let us hope it happens, for the good of the two countries and particularly for the

  14. Young audiences and fans of celebrities in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge, Ana

    2011-01-01

    Neste artigo, exploramos a complexa relação dos jovens com a cultura das celebridades em Portugal. Argumentamos que a celebridade como objecto e os jovens como audiências nos obrigam a olhar para além dos fãs e a explorar posições de audiência mais tangenciais assumidas pelos jovens, sublinhando a contestação do significado e valor culturais da celebridade na cultura juvenil. As atitudes e opiniões dos jovens em relação à cultura nacional e global das celebridades reflectem o seu consumo de m...

  15. Rickettsioses in Latin America, Caribbean, Spain and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo B. Labruna

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Data on genus and infectious by Rickettsia were retrospectively compiled from the critical review literature regarding all countries in Latin America, Caribbean islands, Portugal and Spain. We considered all Rickettsia records reported for human and/or animal hosts, and/or invertebrate hosts considered being the vector. In a few cases, when no direct detection of a given Rickettsia group or species was available for a given country, the serologic method was considered. A total of 13 Rickettsia species have been recorded in Latin America and the Caribbean. The species with the largest number of country confirmed records were Rickettsia felis (9 countries, R. prowazekii (7 countries, R. typhi (6 countries, R. rickettsii (6 countries, R. amblyommii (5 countries, and R. parkeri (4 countries. The rickettsial records for the Caribbean islands (West Indies were grouped in only one geographical area. Both R. bellii, R. akari, and Candidatus ‘R. andeane’ have been recorded in only 2 countries each, whereas R. massiliae, R. rhipicephali, R.monteiroi, and R. africae have each been recorded in a single country (in this case, R. africae has been recorded in nine Caribbean Islands. For El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, no specific Rickettsia has been reported so far, but there have been serological evidence of human or/and animal infection. The following countries remain without any rickettsial records: Belize, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, and Paraguay. In addition, except for a few islands, many Caribbean islands remain without records. A total of 12 Rickettsia species have been reported in Spain and Portugal: R. conorii, R. helvetica, R. monacensis, R. felis, R. slovaca, R. raoultii, R. sibirica, R. aeschlimannii, R. rioja, R. massiliae, R. typhi, and R. prowazekii. Amongst these Rickettsia species reported in Spain and Portugal, only R. prowazekii, R. typhi, R. felis, and R. massiliae have also been reported in Latin America. This study summarizes

  16. Resonant valley filtering of massive Dirac electrons

    OpenAIRE

    Moldovan, D.; Masir, M. Ramezani; Covaci, L.; Peeters, F. M.

    2013-01-01

    Electrons in graphene, in addition to their spin, have two pseudospin degrees of freedom: sublattice and valley pseudospin. Valleytronics uses the valley degree of freedom as a carrier of information similar to the way spintronics uses electron spin. We show how a double barrier structure consisting of electric and vector potentials can be used to filter massive Dirac electrons based on their valley index. We study the resonant transmission through a finite number of barriers and we obtain th...

  17. O MARKETING NO ENSINO SUPERIOR: COMPARATIVO BRASIL-PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Alves

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao abordar o marketing aplicado ao ensino superior, este estudo tem como objetivos discutir os conceitos teóricos do marketing educacional e aplicálos aos contextos brasileiro e português. Tendo em consideração que o marketing educacional tem a sua maior expressão nos E.U.A., a sua aplicação a diferentes realidades e culturas requer adaptações. Inicialmente, fez-se uma revisão dos conceitos tradicionais de marketing educacional, com ênfase nas vantagens, desvantagens e no marketing-mix aplicado à educação. Posteriormente realizou-se uma caraterização dos contextos atuais do ensino superior no Brasil e em Portugal, e fez-se uma comparação da aplicação do marketing educacional nas realidades brasileira e portuguesa, focando as análises no marketing-mix educacional. Percebeu-se que o ensino superior no Brasil tem caraterísticas muito diversas do ensino superior em Portugal e ambos divergem na aplicação dos conceitos mais tradicionais do marketing à educação. Desta forma, faz-se necessária a construção de abordagens teóricas específicas para a aplicação do marketing educacional a diferentes nações.

  18. Ditched enclosures in Southern Portugal: an Archaeoastronomical view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mejuto, A J.; Valera, A. Carlos; Castaño, J. Gómez; Rodríguez-Caderot, G.; Becker, Helmut

    2015-05-01

    Since the very first ages, human beings have attempted to understand and manage their environment in order to survive. This is the case regarding wildlife, weather cycles and gathering periods. This is also reflected in the areas surrounding sites where individuals live; they changed the landscape with different aims. This type of archaeology has risen very recently - in the last few years - and is usually called Landscape Archaeology. Traditional landscape archaeology has dealt with earth and location related studies; the relationship of ancient peoples with the sky has been disregarded. The archaeoastronomical studies have mitigated this fact. Archaeoastronomy has revealed an important number of archaeological sites; many of them reveal a clear intention of astronomically designed buildings or structures. This implies a planned detailed design and obviously a deep understanding of astronomical knowledge. As examples of these sites a number of megalithic ditched enclosures sited in Portugal will be shown which were studied inside the project "Ditched enclosures plants and Neolithic cosmologies: A landscape, archaeoastronomical and geophysical perspective". The ideological and astronomical aspects inside the architecture of these types of sites will be explained. In this paper we present a new methodology applied in the archaeoastronomical calculations for southern Portugal sites. It includes GIS techniques and the development of an archaeoastronomical layer that can be used to display the computations over cartographic information from the archaeological sites. A Spatial Data Infrastructure is also created in order to expose the results.

  19. Direct treatment costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Perelman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To analyze the direct medical costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal from the perspective of the National Health Service. METHODS A retrospective analysis of medical records was conducted for 150 patients from five specialized centers in Portugal in 2008. Data on utilization of medical resources during 12 months and patients’ characteristics were collected. A unit cost was applied to each care component using official sources and accounting data from National Health Service hospitals. RESULTS The average cost of treatment was 14,277 €/patient/year. The main cost-driver was antiretroviral treatment (€ 9,598, followed by hospitalization costs (€ 1,323. Treatment costs increased with the severity of disease from € 11,901 (> 500 CD4 cells/µl to € 23,351 (CD4 count ≤ 50 cells/ µl. Cost progression was mainly due to the increase in hospitalization costs, while antiretroviral treatment costs remained stable over disease stages. CONCLUSIONS The high burden related to antiretroviral treatment is counterbalanced by relatively low hospitalization costs, which, however, increase with severity of disease. The relatively modest progression of total costs highlights that alternative public health strategies that do not affect transmission of disease may only have a limited impact on expenditure, since treatment costs are largely dominated by constant antiretroviral treatment costs.

  20. Experiences and plans of portugal in developing energy markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    portuguese government energy strategy concentrates on market opening, correction of distorted prices and gradual increase in competition as laid down by the European Union Directives. The national electricity system is divided into two segments, the public and the independent electric systems. Independent power producers are for the time being mainly producers in special regime (co-generation and renewables) and some hydropower plants, making 15% of the installed capacity. The IPP sell the generated electricity to the public system. The transmission is separated into special legal entity, and grid is open to all competitors. Since the beginning of 1999 all consumers that buy more than 9 GWh of electricity annually, so-called eligible customers, are free to chose their electricity provider. In the process of the local electric system restructuring the government decided to privatise 49,5% of the monopolist, EdP, floating most of 30% immediately on the local and international stock exchanges in the biggest Portuguese privatisation event so far, and selling the rest to institutional investors. Later, further 19,5% were similarly privatised. The introduction of natural gas in Portugal started in 1997 by giving local distribution concession and making big consumers eligible to buy directly from the monopolist importer and pipeline owner (GdP). The paper will show the results expected from gradual demonopolisation and privatisation of electric and gas systems in Portugal. (author)

  1. Transposition of the EU cogeneration directive: A vision for Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential for new, small-scale and micro-cogeneration installations in Portugal is very considerable due to the number of potential host buildings. In this work, we discuss the legal framework of the Portuguese energy market, and some modifications to accommodate the Directive, 2004/8/EC are stressed. A practical case of cogeneration is also presented, showing the application of the Annex III (b) and (c) of the Cogeneration Directive. The practical case presented shows that micro CHP can be considered highly efficient, with parameters calculated with the Directive rules. Two main improvements in Portugal's energy policy are important: improvement on the permission to access grid system and improvement on support mechanisms indexing it to PES. The Cogeneration Directive transposition is an excellent opportunity to induce a less restrictive framework for the installation of new cogeneration systems, reducing the technological barriers, namely allowing medium-voltage connection with the grid, and improving the revenues provided from these small cogeneration systems. These modifications can improve significantly the number of potential hosts for small-scale cogeneration systems

  2. RESEARCH ON GEOGRAPHY TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELSA PACHECO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to contribute to the debate on the significance of geographical education as part of the development of a society in which discussion on how Geography is taught at international scale, and then addresses the intersection between research produced in the reports on t he introduction to professional practice and related study plans, c concerning the 2nd cycle of the teaching of History and Geography, in force since 2010 in Portugal. Based on the outcomes of the discussion, we will consider the research trends and whether or not they are suited to the latest recommendations on geographical education, in particular the training of Geography teachers, according to the assessed proposals which were submitted following the new law regulating the training of Geography teachers in Portugal. Among the main outcomes, we highlighted the diversity of topics addressed in the internship reports and the growing attention to new technologies in the cycle of studies under analysis, which suggests the adequacy of the future Masters in the Teaching of Geography at the University of Porto (starting in 2015/16 to the European recommendations on these matters

  3. Trichinella britovi in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Ana Patrícia; Vila-Viçosa, Maria João; Coutinho, Teresa; Cardoso, Luís; Gottstein, Bruno; Müller, Norbert; Cortes, Helder C E

    2015-06-15

    Trichinellosis is one of the most important foodborne parasitic zoonoses, caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Pigs and other domestic and wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), are sources of Trichinella infection for human beings. Trichinella britovi is the major agent of infection in sylvatic animals and the most important species circulating in the European wildlife. The present study aimed at assessing Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes from the North of Portugal. Forty-seven carcasses of wild red foxes shot during the official hunting season or killed in road accidents were obtained between November 2008 and March 2010. In order to identify the presence of Trichinella spp. larvae in red foxes, an individual artificial digestion was performed using approximately 30 g of muscle samples. Larvae of Trichinella spp. were detected in one (2.1%) out of the 47 assessed foxes. After a multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis, T. britovi was molecularly identified as the infecting species. The recognition of T. britovi in a red fox confirms that a sylvatic cycle is present in the North of Portugal and that the local prevalence of Trichinella infection in wildlife must not be ignored due to its underlying zoonotic risks. PMID:25934252

  4. Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation and drought in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. S. Martins

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The spatial variability of precipitation and drought are investigated for Portugal using monthly precipitation from 74 stations and minimum and maximum temperature from 27 stations, covering the common period of 1941–2006. Seasonal precipitation and the corresponding percentages in the year, as well as the precipitation concentration index (PCI, was computed for all 74 stations and then used as an input matrix for an R-mode principal component analysis to identify the precipitation patterns. The standardized precipitation index at 3 and 12 month time scales were computed for all stations, whereas the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI and the modified PDSI for Mediterranean conditions (MedPDSI were computed for the stations with temperature data. The spatial patterns of drought over Portugal were identified by applying the S-mode principal component analysis coupled with varimax rotation to the drought indices matrices. The result revealed two distinct sub-regions in the country relative to both precipitation regimes and drought variability. The analysis of time variability of the PC scores of all drought indices allowed verifying that there is no linear trend indicating drought aggravation or decrease. In addition, the analysis shows that results for SPI-3, SPI-12, PDSI and MedPDSI are coherent among them.

  5. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Carolina M; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-01-01

    Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend.It is, however, possible to generate revenue from salinas at several levels, not merely in terms of good quality salt production, but also by obtaining other products that can be commercialized, or by exploring their potential for tourism, and as research facilities, among others. Furthermore, with an adequate management, biodiversity can be restored to abandoned salinas, which constitute important feeding and breeding grounds for resident and migratory aquatic birds, many of which are protected by European Community Directives.The aims of this manuscript are to present a brief overview on the current state of sea salt exploitation in Portugal and to stress the importance of recovering these salinas for the conservation of this particular environment, for the regional economy, the scientific community and the general public. The Aveiro salina complex is presented in detail, to exemplify salina structure and functioning, as well as current problems and potential solutions for artisanal salinas. PMID:22053788

  6. Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in two population samples: Azores Islands and Central Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Mónica; Anjos, Maria João; Andrade, Lisa; Lopes, Virgínia; Santos, Márcia V.; Gamero, Joaquín-Jose; Corte Real, Francisco; Vide, Maria-Conceição

    2003-01-01

    The Y-chromosome haplotypes defined by nine STRs (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393) were studied in 207 unrelated individuals from Central Portugal and 63 from Azores Islands. The most common haplotype in Central Portugal was shared by 3.4% of the males, while 160 haplotypes were unique. In Azores Islands the most common haplotype was shared by 6.4% of the males, while 40 haplotypes were unique. The values of haplotype diversity were 0.993 for Central Portug...

  7. O acolhimento familiar em Portugal: conceitos, práticas e desafios Foster care in Portugal: concepts, practices and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Delgado

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O Acolhimento Familiar assume em Portugal uma expressão reduzida, num sistema de protecção das crianças excessivamente centrado na colocação em instituições, não obstante o discurso político mais recente, defensor da desinstitucionalização, e a evolução de outros sistemas sociais em diversos países europeus. Este artigo pretende caracterizar o modelo de Acolhimento Familiar português, destacando, nomeadamente, a sua evolução histórica mais recente, os conceitos e tipologias que mobiliza, as práticas que manifesta e os desafios que se colocam ao seu desenvolvimento.The Foster Care in Portugal takes a reduced expression, in a system of protection of children excessively focused on institutional placements, despite the political discourse more recent, advocate of deinstitutionalization, and the development of other social systems in several European countries. This paper aims to analyze the Portuguese Foster Care model, highlighting in particular its historical evolution latest concepts and typologies that mobilize the practices that expresses, and challenges to its development.

  8. Valley-dependent band structure and valley polarization in periodically modulated graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Wei-Tao

    2016-08-01

    The valley-dependent energy band and transport property of graphene under a periodic magnetic-strained field are studied, where the time-reversal symmetry is broken and the valley degeneracy is lifted. The considered superlattice is composed of two different barriers, providing more degrees of freedom for engineering the electronic structure. The electrons near the K and K' valleys are dominated by different effective superlattices. It is found that the energy bands for both valleys are symmetric with respect to ky=-(AM+ξ AS) /4 under the symmetric superlattices. More finite-energy Dirac points, more prominent collimation behavior, and new crossing points are found for K' valley. The degenerate miniband near the K valley splits into two subminibands and produces a new band gap under the asymmetric superlattices. The velocity for the K' valley is greatly renormalized compared with the K valley, and so we can achieve a finite velocity for the K valley while the velocity for the K' valley is zero. Especially, the miniband and band gap could be manipulated independently, leading to an increase of the conductance. The characteristics of the band structure are reflected in the transmission spectra. The Dirac points and the crossing points appear as pronounced peaks in transmission. A remarkable valley polarization is obtained which is robust to the disorder and can be controlled by the strain, the period, and the voltage.

  9. Enjoy Samba Carnival in Happy Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    On July3,the Yanjing Beer 2009 Beijing Happy Valley Mayan Carnival was grandly opened.The carnival will last for almost two months until August 30.With support from Yanjing Beer,Happy Valley is able to provide an authentic Brazilian festival including hot music and dancing,

  10. Vernal Pool Distribution - Central Valley, 2005 [ds650

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — "Great Valley Vernal Pool Distribution", originally mapped by Bob Holland, 2005. This dataset contains vernal pool areas mapped over Califorina's Central Valley,...

  11. O uso das redes sociais por jornalistas em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sofia Veloso

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende mostrar como as redes sociais são utilizadas pelosjornalistas, nomeadamente os que trabalham em Portugal. É ainda intuito deste trabalho perceber se o uso destas ferramentas por estes profissionais pode constituir uma nova prática rotineira.Para o efeito, levou-se a cabo um estudo de carácter exploratório baseado nos resultados de um inquérito por questionário – realizado de raiz – dirigido à classe jornalística em Portugal. O artigo divide-se em quatro partes. Tendo em conta que, em pouco mais de uma década, as redes sociais se tornaram a atividade online mais popular a nível global, começa-se por realizar um enquadramento de apoio ao surgimento destas ferramentas na sociedade atual, dando conta de algumas estatísticas de uso e de novos processos de socialização subsequentes. Num segundo momento, é feito refereência à relação do jornalismo com as redes sociais e algumas novas práticas jornalísticas neste âmbito, apresentando conclusões de estudos internacionais sobre a utilização que jornalistas de diversos países fazem das redes sociais. Aborda-se ainda as orientações existentes sobre o uso ético que os jornalistas devem dar a estas ferramentas segundo várias entidades ligadas ao universo do jornalismo. A terceira parte foca-se no inquérito, designadamente a metodologia usada e a estrutura do mesmo; realiza-se um breve retrato sociográfico da classe jornalística em Portugal e faz-se uma caracterização socioprofissional da amostra obtida através do inquérito; apresentam-se os resultados conseguidos e analisam-se e discutem-se os mesmos, nomeadamente através de comparações com as estatísticas e as conclusões dos estudos nacionais e internacionais já mencionadas. Na quarta secção, tendo por base a discussão realizada e o balanço do tratamento do inquérito, menciona-se alguns desafios que se colocam aos jornalistas na era da Web 2.0. E conclui-se com a confirmação de que a

  12. Josephson π state induced by valley polarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Yang, Y. H.; Chan, K. S.

    2014-02-01

    We theoretically explore possible π-state Josephson junctions made from graphene-like two-dimensional materials (G) with the honeycomb lattice structure. It is shown that the valley polarization in the G sheet could lead to a 0-π state transition of the Josephson junction because of the valley-singlet Cooper pairs acquiring a nonzero momentum. When the valley-mixing scattering exists in the interfaces of the junction due to lattice mismatch, an odd-frequency valley-triplet supercurrent flows in the system even though the G sheet is fully valley polarized, and the supercurrent is characterized by a rapid atomic-scale oscillation with a periodicity of three lattice constants.

  13. Anisotropic Tomography of Portugal (West Iberia) from ambient seismic noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Graça; Stutzmann, Éléonore; Schimmel, Martin; Dias, Nuno; Kiselev, Sergey; Custódio, Susana; Dundar, Suleyman

    2016-04-01

    Located on the western Iberian Peninsula, Portugal constitutes a key area for accretionary terrane and basin research, providing the best opportunity to probe a crustal formation shaped by the Paleozoic Variscan orogeny followed by the Mesozoic-Cenozoic extensions. The geology of Portugal documents a protracted history from Paleozoic basement formation to the Mesozoic opening of the North Atlantic Ocean. The inheritance of such complex geologic history is yet to be fully determined, playing an important role in the current geodynamic framework influencing, for example, the observed regional seismicity. The physical properties of its crust have largely remained undetermined so far, with unevenly distributed knowledge on the spatial distributions of a detailed crustal structure. Also, the deep seismic reflection/refraction surveys conducted in Western Iberia do not provide a clear picture of the regional characteristics of the crust. Using Seismic Broad Band observations from a dense temporary deployment, conducted between 2010 and 2012 in the scope of the WILAS project and covering the entire Portuguese mainland, we computed a 3D anisotropic model from ambient seismic noise. The dispersion measurements were computed for each station pair using empirical Green's functions generated by cross-correlating one-day-length seismic ambient-noise records. After dispersion analysis, group velocity measurements were regionalized to obtain 2D anisotropic tomographic images. Afterwards, the dispersion curves, extracted from each cell of the 2D group velocity maps, were inverted as a function of depth to obtain a 3D shear wave anisotropic model, using a bayesian approach. A simulated annealing method, in which the number of splines that describes the model, is adapted within the inversion. The models are jointly interpreted with the models gathered from Ps receiver functions as well as with the regional seismicity, enabling to obtain a more detailed picture of the crustal

  14. Nutritional and nutraceutical composition of two Lamiaceae traditionally used in Portugal as spices, flavours or medicines

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Ângela; Barros, Lillian; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.

    2010-01-01

    Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAP) are highly prized in Portugal. The present work describes the study of nutritional and nutraceutical composition and the antioxidant properties of aerial parts from two Lamiaceae species.

  15. Alimentos e alimentação no Portugal Quinhentista

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Isabel Maria

    2002-01-01

    Neste texto traça-se uma panorâmica sobre os alimentos e alimentação no Portugal Quinhentista, mas sem referência à doçaria. Analisa-se o território e o seu uso para fins alimentares e qual a base da alimentação no séc. XVI: cereais e seus derivados: farinha e pão; carne de criação, de caça e seus derivados; peixe e marisco; vegetais (legumes e leguminosas); cheiros; adubos e condimentos; temperos e fruta. Existe um capítulo dedicado aos fazedores e vendedores: da matéria-prima ao consumo, pa...

  16. A Leishmaniose visceral em Portugal Continental : 1999-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Serrada, Elisabete Gonçalves

    2010-01-01

    RESUMO - As alterações climáticas alteraram a incidência e distribuição mundial de zoonoses, ao modificarem o perfil epidemiológico dos seus vectores. A leishmaniose visceral é reemergente na bacia mediterrânica, sendo o seu impacto real subestimado. Em Portugal, é endémica em três regiões, de declaração obrigatória desde 1948 e o reservatório é o canídeo. O aumento da incidência da doença no cão e a escassez de informação epidemiológica tornou pertinente investigar a realidade...

  17. Conservation and sustainability in freshwater ecosystems in Tavira (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Esmeralda; Fonseca, José; Lopes, Luís; João Costa, Maria; Cunha, Miguel

    2013-04-01

    This interdisciplinary project carried out with 8th and 9th grade students involved five teachers from three different subjects (Physics and Chemistry, Natural Science and Geography). Framed in the Water Framework Directive, it aimed at verifying the ecological quality of water in two rivers in the municipality of Tavira (South Portugal). The development of this project has been structured in accordance with the following objectives: evaluate the quality of freshwater ecosystems through the existence of certain living organisms; present proposals on ways to preserve water resources in a sustainable perspective; sensitize students to the importance of their participation in collective action by volunteering for ecological protection. This is an innovative educational experience that allowed students an integrated approach to content and procedures applied to real problems in their local environment.

  18. A arte op na arte pública em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Pedro Miguel Alegria Lobo Pereira de

    2008-01-01

    Esta investigação aborda o fenómeno da op art na arte pública em Portugal, para dar conta do seu alcance, depois de o situar histórica e artisticamente, e em particular através das obras do pintor e fotógrafo Eduardo Néry e do arquitecto Artur Rosa. Na I parte situam-se as origens da Op Art e o panorama internacional: Op Art é o nome reduzido de \\201COptical Art\\201D, que ficou definido numa conversa de G. Rickey com dois curadores do MoMA. O termo óptico refere-se a ilusões ópticas, sendo um...

  19. Le Portugal à la rencontre de trois mondes

    OpenAIRE

    Martinière, Guy

    2014-01-01

    Autant, si ce n'est plus que pour l'Espagne, les Grandes découvertes ont été, pour le Portugal, un véritable mythe fondateur. En un siècle et demi, de 1415 aux années 1550 , un pays de dimension modeste (90000 km2) , situé au sud d'une Europe médiévale confrontée en Méditérranée à l'Islam, peuplé d'un peu plus d'un million d'habitants, a mis en relation, de façon directe, grâce à sa maîtrise des routes de la mer océane, cet extrême Occident de l'Ancien Monde avec les "Trois Mondes" d'Afrique,...

  20. Web marketing nas empresas de turismo em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Corfu, Adriana Camelia

    2002-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe-se analisar as práticas de “Web Marketing” desenvolvidas por duas empresas de turismo em Portugal. Embora as novas técnicas de marketing constituem já uma realidade nas empresas estudadas, principalmente a nível da inclusão da plataforma Web para a divulgação e reserva de produtos/serviços turísticos, barreiras significativas existem, tanto de ordem estratégica, como tecnológica, especialmente nas áreas de recolha e análise de dados. Contudo a dimensão que o fenómen...

  1. Radioactive survey in former uranium mining areas of Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mining of radioactive ores in Portugal started at the beginning of the 20th century and continued until 2001. About 60 sites were exploited for radium in the beginning, and later for uranium production. Radioactive ores from the majority of these mines were transported to a small number of places where physical and chemical treatment took place. There are about 3 million tonnes of radioactive spoil heaps from the processing of the uranium ore. A preliminary assessment of the radioactivity in the areas of open pit mines and milling tailings was undertaken. The results of this environmental survey are presented here. The work allowed the identification of areas with higher radioactivity and higher environmental radiation doses. The results will be of help in the designation of areas for environmental remediation work in order to ensure the radiological safety of the population. (author)

  2. ANÁLISE DA PAISAGEM ALENTEJANA – PORTUGAL

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Marízia

    2014-01-01

    Analisa-se a biogeografia de Portugal com destaque para as regiões (eurosiberiana e mediterrânica), as províncias e as subprovíncias (Cantábro-Atlântica, Carpetano-Leonesa, Luso-Extremadurense, Sadense Divisório-Portuguesa e Gaditano-Algarviense). Faz-se referência a diferentes metodologias de análise de vegetação com vocabulário e conceitos próprios. Apresenta-se com detalhe o método fitossociológico de Braun-Blanquet ou clássico sigmatista, aplicado na análise da vegetação natural alente...

  3. Health care to immigrant and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emília de Carvalho Coutinho

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the care received and the barriers faced by immigrants and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal. This is an exploratory qualitative study, resorting to applying semi-structured interviews to 60 immigrant and 22 Portuguese women. Content analysis supported by QSR Nvivo10 program was used. The study was approved by an Ethics Committee. The results showed four categories related to affective dimensions-relational, cognitive, technical-instrumental and health care policy for pregnant women. As for the barriers in health care, these were mentioned by some of the expectant mothers, especially immigrant women. Almost all, both immigrant and Portuguese, pregnant women were satisfied with the health care.

  4. Energia nuclear: Uma solução para Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira

    2006-01-01

    As pessoas receiam a energia nuclear por diversas razões. Foi desenvolvida no contexto de uma guerra mundial, é a base da “destruição mútua garantida”, houve o acidente de Chernobyl e é necessário guardar o combustível utilizado durante vários séculos. Mas Portugal não tem recursos energéticos e precisa de energia para se desenvolver sem aumentar a emissão para a atmosfera de dióxido de carbono. No sentido de informar sobre a solução nuclear, neste trabalho explico a tecnologia e apresento um...

  5. Comparing Consumer Resistance to Mobile Banking in Finland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laukkanen, Tommi; Cruz, Pedro

    This study compares two distinct European countries namely Finland and Portugal in terms of consumer resistance to mobile banking services. We explored how the five adoption barriers namely usage, value, risk, tradition and image, derived from the earlier literature, differ between these two countries. Using an Internet questionnaire a total of 3.597 usable responses was collected. A confirmatory factor analysis was implemented with SEM to build the constructs’ latent score levels. Using non-parametric difference tests we concluded that the resistance is significantly lower among the Portuguese online bank customers in terms of four out of the five barriers. The results can be used for a better understanding and enhancement of adoption of this specific case of mobile communication.

  6. Assessing fire risk in Portugal during the summer fire season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dacamara, C. C.; Pereira, M. G.; Trigo, R. M.

    2009-04-01

    Since 1998, Instituto de Meteorologia, the Portuguese Weather Service has relied on the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) System (van Wagner, 1987) to produce daily forecasts of fire risk. The FWI System consists of six components that account for the effects of fuel moisture and wind on fire behavior. The first three components, i.e. the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC), the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) and the Drought Code (DC) respectively rate the average moisture content of surface litter, decomposing litter, and organic (humus) layers of the soil. Wind effects are then added to FFMC leading to the Initial Spread Index (ISI) that rates fire spread. The remaining two fuel moisture codes (DMC and DC) are in turn combined to produce the Buildup Index (BUI) that is a rating of the total amount of fuel available for combustion. BUI is finally combined with ISI to produce the Fire Weather Index (FWI) that represents the rate of fire intensity. Classes of fire danger and levels of preparedness are commonly defined on an empirical way for a given region by calibrating the FWI System against wildfire activity as defined by the recorded number of events and by the observed burned area over a given period of time (Bovio and Camia, 1998). It is also a well established fact that distributions of burned areas are heavily skewed to the right and tend to follow distributions of the exponential-type (Cumming, 2001). Based on the described context, a new procedure is presented for calibrating the FWI System during the summer fire season in Portugal. Two datasets were used covering a 28-year period (1980-2007); i) the official Portuguese wildfire database which contains detailed information on fire events occurred in the 18 districts of Continental Portugal and ii) daily values of the six components of the FWI System as derived from reanalyses (Uppala et al., 2005) of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Calibration of the FWI System is then performed in two

  7. Alcoholismo, suicidio y factores de riesgo en Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Ferreira de Castro

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza indirectamente la contribución del alcoholismo en el suicidio. Se comparan las tasas de muerte por cirrosis hepática y por suicidio en Portugal y en el distrito de Lisboa, por sexo y profesiones. Las tasas son significativamente más altas en los hombres, los agricultores y en el distrito. Se concluye que el abuso alcohólico puede contribuir al aumento del suicidio. Se argumenta que los hombres sufren de depresión más grave y tienen tasas de suicidio más elevado debido, entre otros motivos, al ser su alcoholismo más frecuente.

  8. Educational psychology in higher education: Current scene in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Bisinoto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Facing the challenges brought by Higher Education growth, the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs created the Psychological Support Services. They seek to help the adaptation to the university setting, enhancing the overall students´ development and their integration in the labor market. This qualitative research studies the structure of the Psychological Support Services in HEIs of Portugal and the main activities developed by educational psychologists. Interviews were conducted with eight services and showed that all services are designed for students. Although the most frequent activity is the students' psychological consultation, educational psychologists also develop a variety of interventions: skill development programs, support to students with special needs, and mentoring programs to welcome new students. Traditionally the services were oriented by an individual intervention and in response to the students' problem. Nowadays they are working with other agents and in a preventive way. Actions directed to educational projects and the institutional evaluation could promote a qualitative change in services.

  9. Social Media Marketing : caso do vinho e enoturismo em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Frederico de Gusmão Calheiros Nunes da

    2014-01-01

    Apesar da existência de uma extensa literatura publicada, acerca dos social media em geral, pouco se sabe sobre sua utilização e eficácia na indústria do vinho e enoturismo. O estudo visa examinar o modo como a indústria em Portugal está a utilizar este tipo de ferramentas da web 2.0. Este focou-se em analisar a presença das empresas vitivinícolas nos vár ios tipos de social media existentes, assim como as suas práticas e perceções relativamente ao uso do Facebook no marketi...

  10. El voto religioso en España y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montero, Jóse Ramón

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the relationship between religiosity and voting decisions in Spain and Portugal. We study whether religion (measured as church attendance and opinions about moral issues influences voting for the two main political parties. Results show a different relationship between religion and voting in both countries: only in Spain religious beliefs play an important role in electoral behaviour. We claim that to account for this finding several factors need to be considered, namely the different configuration of the party systems and religious maps, the distinctive mechanisms linking religious identities with voting and, above all, the important role played by political leaders in activating religiosity within the electoral competition.

    Este artículo explora la relación entre la religiosidad y las preferencias electorales en España y Portugal. Estudiamos si la religión (medida como asistencia a oficios religiosos y opiniones sobre asuntos morales tiene influencia sobre el voto a los dos principales partidos nacionales. Los resultados del análisis apuntan a una relación diferente entre religión y voto en ambos países: sólo en España las creencias religiosas desempeñan un papel destacado en el comportamiento electoral. Defendemos que la explicación a este hallazgo se encuentra en un conjunto de factores entre los que cabe destacar la diferente configuración del sistema de partidos y de los mapas religiosos, los distintos mecanismos que canalizan las identidades religiosas hacia el voto y, fundamentalmente, el importante papel desempeñado por las elites políticas en la activación de la religiosidad dentro de la competición electoral.

  11. Linguistic isolates in Portugal: insights from the mitochondrial DNA pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mairal, Quim; Santos, Cristina; Silva, Marina; Marques, Sofia L; Ramos, Amanda; Aluja, Maria Pilar; Amorim, Antonio; Prata, Maria João; Alvarez, Luis

    2013-12-01

    Miranda do Douro, located in the northeastern region of Portugal, has notable characteristics not only from a geographic or naturalistic point of view, but also from a cultural perspective. A remarkable one is the coexistence of two different languages: Portuguese and Mirandese, the second being an Astur-Leonese dialect. The current persistence of the Astur-Leonese dialect in this population falls on the singularity of the region: relative isolation, implying difficulties to communicate with other Portuguese regions, while the same location facilitated the establishment of social and commercial relationships with adjacent Spanish territories, origin of the Astur-Leonese language. The objective of this study was to characterize the population from Miranda through the analysis of maternal lineages in order to evaluate whether its mitochondrial DNA diversity fitted the patterns previously reported for other populations from the Iberian Peninsula. Viewing that, the entire control region of mitochondrial DNA from 121 individuals was examined. Miranda showed a haplogroup composition usual for a Western European population, in the sense that as high as 63.6% of sequences belonged to macro-haplogroup R0. Lineages ascribed to have an African (L2a and L1b) origin, were detected, but reaching an amount commonly found in Portugal. Miranda also presented a few haplogroups typically found in Jewish populations, while rarely observed in other Iberian populations. The finding can be explained by gene flow with crypto-Jew communities that since long are known to be established in the region where Miranda is located. In Miranda, both genetic and nucleotide diversities presented low values (0.9292 ± 0.0180 and 0.01101 ± 0.00614 respectively) when compared to populations from its micro-geographical framework, which constitute a sign of population isolation that certainly provided conditions for the survival of the Astur-Leonese dialect in the region. PMID:24041913

  12. The Socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. Evidence from Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budría, Santiago

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article uses data from the 1994-2001 waves of the European Union Household Panel to investigate the socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. the paper focuses on Portugal, a country with the largest inequality levels among EU countries, to report relevant facts on the distributions of income, labour earnings, and capital income. the paper shows how these distributions are related to family characteristics such as age, education, marital status and employment status. a generalized ordered Probit model is used to investigate how and to what extent the households’ socioeconomic attributes determine their economic status and their mobility along the distributions. the article concludes that education is by and large the dimension more closely related to inequality.

    Este artículo utiliza el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (1994-2001 para investigar cuáles son los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad. el artículo se centra en Portugal, el país de la Unión Europea con mayores niveles de desigualdad, para documentar hechos relevantes sobre las distribuciones de la renta, salarios y rentas de capital. se muestra cómo estas distribuciones están relacionadas con características familiares tales como edad, educación, estado civil y estado laboral. Por último, se emplea un modelo Probit ordenado generalizado para investigar cómo y en qué medida las diferentes características socio-económicas de las familias determinan su estatus económico y su movilidad a lo largo de las distribuciones. el artículo concluye que la educación es, con diferencia, la dimensión socioeconómica más determinante en relación con la desigualdad.

  13. Parasite communities in stray cat populations from Lisbon, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waap, H; Gomes, J; Nunes, T

    2014-12-01

    Stray cats live in high-density colonies in urban areas and pose a health hazard to household cats and humans. In Portugal, information on the parasitic fauna of stray cats is limited and relies mostly on results from faecal analysis. The present survey aimed to determine the prevalence, diversity and intensity of parasites in stray cats from the urban area of Lisbon by means of parasitological necropsy. Internal organs were collected from 162 cats captured in different areas of the city and systematically subjected to parasitological dissection. Helminths were identified by macro- and microscopic examination and protozoa by faecal floatation and sedimentation techniques. The overall prevalence of parasites was 90.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 85.3-94.6%). A total of 12 parasite species was recorded: Cystoisospora felis (14.2%), Cystoisospora rivolta (46.3%), Sarcocystis sp. (1.2%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.1%), Toxocara cati (38.3%), Ollulanus tricuspis (30.9%), Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (12.4%), Eucoleus aerophilus (0.6%), Taenia taeniaeformis (3.1%), Dipylidium caninum (53.1%), Joyeuxiella pasqualei (15.4%) and Diplopylidium nölleri (3.7%). Overall mean species richness was 2.36 ±  1.52. Helminth mean intensity was highest for O. tricuspis (285.8), followed by D. caninum (42.4), J. pasqualei (14.4), A. tubaeforme (8.1) and T. cati (5.9). The prevalence and variety of parasites found in our sampling are substantially higher than the numbers previously reported in Portugal. Some of the parasites, including T. cati and A. tubaeforme, are zoonotic, which emphasizes the need for parasite control strategies based on demographic containment of stray cat populations in urban areas to promote public health protection. PMID:23719370

  14. Spatio-temporal clustering of wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, R.; Pereira, M. G.; Caramelo, L.; Vega Orozco, C.; Kanevski, M.

    2012-04-01

    Several studies have shown that wildfires in Portugal presenthigh temporal as well as high spatial variability (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). The identification and characterization of spatio-temporal clusters contributes to a comprehensivecharacterization of the fire regime and to improve the efficiency of fire prevention and combat activities. The main goalsin this studyare: (i) to detect the spatio-temporal clusters of burned area; and, (ii) to characterize these clusters along with the role of human and environmental factors. The data were supplied by the National Forest Authority(AFN, 2011) and comprises: (a)the Portuguese Rural Fire Database, PRFD, (Pereira et al., 2011) for the 1980-2007period; and, (b) the national mapping burned areas between 1990 and 2009. In this work, in order to complement the more common cluster analysis algorithms, an alternative approach based onscan statistics and on the permutation modelwas used. This statistical methodallows the detection of local excess events and to test if such an excess can reasonably have occurred by chance.Results obtained for different simulations performed for different spatial and temporal windows are presented, compared and interpreted.The influence of several fire factors such as (climate, vegetation type, etc.) is also assessed. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005:"Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal".Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 AFN, 2011: AutoridadeFlorestalNacional (National Forest Authority). Available at http://www.afn.min-agricultura.pt/portal.

  15. Influence of meteorological conditions on RSV infection in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Santos, M.; Santos, J. A.; Soares, J.; Dias, A.; Quaresma, M.

    2016-04-01

    Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common cause for infant hospital admissions. Of all etiological agents, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is commonly the most frequent. The present study assesses relationships between atmospheric factors and RSV infections in under 3-year-old patients admitted to the Inpatient Paediatric Service of Vila Real (North of Portugal). For this purpose, (1) clinical files of children admitted with a diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis from September 2005 to December 2015 (>10 years) were scrutinised and (2) local daily temperature/precipitation series, as well as six weather types controlling meteorological conditions in Portugal, were used. Fifty-five percent of all 770 admitted children were effectively infected with a given virus, whilst 48 % (367) were RSV+, i.e. 87 % of virus-infected children were RSV+. The bulk of incidence is verified in the first year of age (82 %, 302), slightly higher in males. RSV outbreaks are typically from December to March, but important inter-annual variability is found in both magnitude and shape. Although no clear connections were found between monthly temperatures/precipitation and RSV outbreaks apart from seasonality, a linkage to wintertime cold spells is apparent on a daily basis. Anomalously low minimum temperatures from the day of admittance back to 10 days before are observed. This relationship is supported by anomalously high occurrences of the E and AA weather types over the same period, which usually trigger dry and cold weather. These findings highlight some predictability in the RSV occurrences, revealing potential for modelling and risk assessments.

  16. Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo en Portugal: apuntes diversos Some annotations about Occupational Health and Safety in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António de Sousa Uva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El autor aborda algunos aspectos relativos a la Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo (SST en Portugal llamando la atención para, esencialmente, intentar sostener la tesis de que, desde mediados de la década de los 90, se observaron importantes avances en la mejoría de las condiciones del trabajo en la perspectiva de la SST, aunque se mantuvieron algunos problemas en la práctica concreta de las normativas legales. Incluso con estas mejoras, las tasas de frecuencia de accidentes de trabajo y de enfermedades profesionales en Portugal todavía se mantienen muy elevadas necesitando, por tanto, estrategias más "agresivas" para concienciar la sociedad portuguesa en torno a las políticas públicas de SST efectivamente promotoras de prevención de riesgos profesionales y de la promoción de la salud de quien trabaja. Es por tanto indispensable que la protección de la salud y de la seguridad de los trabajadores en los puestos de trabajo sea encarada como un conjunto de actividades de indiscutible utilidad para todos los representantes del mundo del trabajo e que la agenda política pase a valorizar, aún más, la promoción de espacios de trabajo saludables y seguros, con la consecuente valorización de las variables individuales en la estrategia nacional de salud y seguridad.In the present work, the author analyzes several aspects of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS in Portugal. He provides evidence sustaining the assumption of an important progress, since the mid-nineties, in the improvement of the working conditions from an OHS perspective. Nevertheless, several problems still remain in the practical application of legal regulations. In addition, despite of these improvements, the frequency rates of working accidents and occupational diseases remain very high. Hence, more "aggressive" strategies are required to increase the awareness of the Portuguese society relative to the OHS public policies, whose effectiveness has been demonstrated either in

  17. Wage-Induced Mismatch on German Labour Markets? Lessons from Comparison with Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Horst Entorf

    1999-01-01

    The German labour market performance is falling behind that of other European countries. Portugal, for instance, has decreasing unemployment rates, leading to a share of only 4.6% unemployed persons in 1998 (Germany: 9.5%). This paper sheds some light on the divergent development from a matching point of view. I present matching functions based on comparable panel data on hires, vacancies and unemployment at the occupational level for Portugal and Germany. Both countries reveal low matching e...

  18. Conceptual, methodological and ethical issues in children´s research in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Natália; Tomás, Catarina Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Methodological issues in research with children have sparked a growing interest by the Sociology of Childhood since the last decades. In Portugal, this interest is more recent, but it has had a significant increase. Considering several researches, namely master thesis, supervised by the authors on the framework of Sociology of Childhood, this proposal intends to characterize some methodological complexities in research with children in Portugal, when we consider their voice and agency in the ...

  19. The fall in consumption from being unemployed in Portugal and Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo, Sonsoles; Dolado, Juan José; Jimeno, Juan F.

    1998-01-01

    In Portugal real wage flexibility, at the macroeconomic level, is noticeably higher while unemploymem duration is lower when compared to Spain. This suggests that the hardship of being unemployed is higher in Portugal. Unemployment benefits and family insurance, which are the main buffer against unemployment and have played difterent role in both countries, can explain this disparity. In this chapter we present some estimates of the loss of consumption suffered by unemployed workers relative ...

  20. Social networks of elderly with social services support living in two different areas of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Guadalupe, Sónia; Espirito-Santo, Helena; Daniel, Fernanda

    2012-01-01

    Focusing social support networks of the elderly, we present a study centered on the assessment of social resources, by analyzing differences between living in a coastal urban area, or in a rural inner region of Portugal. We had 176 participants, 119 elderly users of home care services in the municipality of Penamacor in an interior region of Portugal, and 57 elderly users of day care and residential care in the municipality of Coimbra in a littoral (coastal) region of the country. Their socia...

  1. Solar energy in Portugal: development perspectives based on a comparison with Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Virgilio, Rodrigo Pedro da Piedade Coelho

    2009-01-01

    Master in International Management / JEL Classification: Q42 - Alternative energy sources; Q43 - Government Policy Solar energy is one of the renewable energies that has greater potential for future development. Portugal is one of the European countries with better solar conditions, but is certainly not one of the countries that has been taking the best advantage of it. It is therefore appropriate to know why Portugal is not using and developing solar energy in accordance with its...

  2. Reconstruction of the Past Climate in Southern Portugal from Geothermal Data

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, António

    2009-01-01

    The study of the past climate in the territory of mainland Portugal using geothermal data started in 1996. From an initial set of about 90 temperature logs obtained Portugal, eight were chosen as good for estimating ground surface temperature (GST) in the past. The main results from the analysis of the collected geothermal data show, on average, that there has been an increase of the atmosphere mean surface temperature of about 1 K since the middle of the nineteenth century. This conclusion a...

  3. Iodine status of pregnant women and their progeny in the minho region of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costeira, Maria José; Oliveira, Pedro; Ares, Susana; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella; Palha, Joana Almeida

    2009-01-01

    [Background]: Iodine sufficiency is particularly necessary throughout pregnancy, given its recognized impact on psychomotor performance of the offspring. There are no recent reports about iodine status or supplementation in Portugal, a country that the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders considered, in 2004, to have probably reached iodine sufficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate in the Minho region of Portugal the iodine status of women throughout...

  4. MS Prevalence and Patients' Characteristics in the District of Braga, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    José Figueiredo; Ângela Silva; João J. Cerqueira; Joaquim Fonseca; Pereira, Paulo A.

    2015-01-01

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. There are only 3 epidemiological studies in Portugal, 2 in the Centre and 1 in the North, and there is the need to further study MS epidemiology in this country. The objective of this work is to contribute to the MS epidemiological knowledge in Portugal, describing the patients’ epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics in the Braga district of Por...

  5. Folk culture and political power: practices and representations of moliceiro culture in Portugal, cultural sociology

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmento, Clara

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses the painted panels of the moliceiro boat, a traditional working boat of the Ria de Aveiro region of Portugal. The article examines how the painted panels have been invented and reinvented over time. The boat and its panels are contextualized both within the changing socio-economic conditions of the Ria de Aveiro region, and the changing socio-political conditions of Portugal throughout the 20th century and until the present day. The article historically an...

  6. MS Prevalence and Patients' Characteristics in the District of Braga, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, J; Silva, A.; Cerqueira, JJ; Fonseca, J.; Pereira, PA

    2015-01-01

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. There are only 3 epidemiological studies in Portugal, 2 in the Centre and 1 in the North, and there is the need to further study MS epidemiology in this country. The objective of this work is to contribute to the MS epidemiological knowledge in Portugal, describing the patients' epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics in the Braga district of Por...

  7. The impacts of land-use changes on the recovery of saltmarshes in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Diana; Neto, Carlos; Luciana S. Esteves; Costa, José Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Human-induced land-use changes have resulted in loss and degradation of intertidal environments worldwide. Saltmarsh ecosystem dynamics in Portugal are greatly influenced by historic uses and consequent habitat degradation. This study uses an original approach combining vegetation surveys and spatial analysis of historic maps and aerial photographs to assess the effects of land use changes on saltmarshes in two areas in the Algarve, southern Portugal. Historical maps from c. 1800 ...

  8. As estratégias empresariais face à política de turismo em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Firmino, Manuel Brazinha

    2006-01-01

    The present research has the goal to fulfil the existing gap in Portugal in the area of corporate strategies in the tourism sector and in the relation between these enterprises and the State. Problems and gaps exist between the corporate strategies, delineated by the entrepreneurs and managers of the enterprises and the tourism policy performed by the successive governments, in Portugal, from 1993 to 2004. For try to solve the central problem of the present research, various...

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS IN THE PYRITES MINING INDUSTRY IN PORTUGAL (1850-1930)

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Paulo Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    During the second half of the 19th century, the development of the mining industry in Portugal was export oriented and led by foreign capitals. Those mining enterprises used local vital resources, changed landscapes and became a source of air and water pollution and of social conflicts. In this paper we analyze three environmental conflicts derived from the environmental disruption due to the modern development of the pyrites mining industry in Portugal during the long period of materi...

  10. Energy Transitions, Economic Growth and Structural Change: Portugal in a Long-run Comparative Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Henriques, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    This book analyses, in an international comparative context, Portugal´s energy transition from organic sources to fossil fuels in the period 1856-2006. It investigates the role that energy played in the industrialization of the country and how the relationship between energy and economic growth changed with the transition from an industrial to a service society. A unique dataset of energy quantities and prices reveals that Portugal´s transition to fossil fuels and high-energy quantities wa...

  11. Local sustainability indicators in Portugal: assessing implementation and use in governance contexts

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sara Moreno; Fidélis, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    This paper assesses the implementation and use of sustainability indicators (SI) in local governance contexts in Portugal. The need to analyse the development of local SI is considered critical, given the lack of research on the understanding of how, when and by whom SI are implemented and used, particularly in the Portuguese local governance context. The first aim of this article is to map experiences of SI in Portugal by assessing how many local councils developed indicator systems and when...

  12. Fire hazard and susceptibility to desertification: a territorial approach in NE Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Tomás; Fonseca, Felícia; Pinheiro, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Continental Portugal endures an increase in desertification susceptibility, a process accelerated by soil degradation and wildfires. This work aims at discussing outcomes of a research, at territorial scale, on fire hazard relations with soil degradation and desertification susceptibility in NE Portugal, specifically in Bragança District, based on GIS desertification susceptibility fire hazard, land cover and soil degradation maps. High and very high fire hazard prevails in near 2/3 of the...

  13. Biogas in Portugal: status and public policies in a European context

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Miguel; Marques, Isabel Paula; Malico, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    The current status and legal framework of biogas production in Portugal are analyzed and compared to that of five other European countries, characterized by wide-ranging diversity of substrates and biogas applications. With this comparison, and with the calculation of the biogas energy potential in Portugal, the authors want to assess the significance of developing the Portuguese biogas sector. This study illustrates that the highest biogas feed-in tariffs are applied in the countries with a ...

  14. Owls (Strigiformes) in Parque Nacional Peneda-Gerês (PNPG) – Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, A; Lopez, A.L.; Pimenta, M.; Luís, A.

    2010-01-01

    Owls (Strigiformes) are particularly difficult to study and the existing information is still scarce. In PNPG area there are records of the seven species present in Portugal; the Long-eared Owl and the Short-eared Owl are here occasional species. This work aims to determine the distribution, density and abundance of Strigiformes in PNPG (Northwest of Portugal). Between December 2007 and June 2008, 106 passive hearing point counts of 15 minutes each were done in the centre of each ...

  15. Quality of life for venous ulcer patients: a comparative study in Brazil/Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo Farias Dias, Thalyne Yuri de; Costa, Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes; Liberato, Samilly Márjore Dantas; Gomes de Mendes, Amanda Jéssica; Mendes, Felismina Rosa Parreira; De Vasconcelos Torres, Gilson

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Venous ulcers are a public health problem that affect quality of life (QOL) and are determined by socioeconomic context, health assistance and lesion characteristics. Aim: To compare the QOL of patients suffering from venous ulcers in Natal/Brazil with patients in Evora/ Portugal. Method: Comparative and quantitative research involving 170 individuals suffering from venous ulcers, using the SF-36 instrument. Results: In Portugal, all dominion and dimension averages were...

  16. FAMILY HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND POVERTY IN AN ECONOMIC RECESSION PERIOD IN PORTUGAL

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Ana Branca; Oliveira, Ivo; Nogueira, Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    Abstract: The main purpose of this article, in the management and health, was to assess the contribution of family health and its role in local development in the context of economic recession and worsening poverty in Portugal. Material and Methods. Data were collected through the questionnaire, 1021 individuals were inquired in Portugal, with statistical treatment through inferential analysis, factorial and regression. They were asked to participate voluntarily in writing through email pa...

  17. Políticas de Habitação em Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia

    In the comparative analysis of international housing systems, the creation of typologies seeking to group and to explain the trajectory of different groups of countries enables us to overcome the limitations of juxtapositional studies (predominantly focusing upon the particularities of each country...... housing systems in Portugal and Denmark, the current presentation seeks to test the relevance of these theories in foresight exercises in the field of housing in Portugal....

  18. A comparative study on music teacher preparation in Portugal and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Graça Mota; Sergio Figueiredo

    2012-01-01

    The preparation of music teachers in Portugal and Brazil is the focus of this text, which aims at presenting preliminary aspects of a study in progress in the context of higher education in both countries. Inspired by comparative education methodology, the present study is investigating official documents and academic curricula offered in Portugal and Brazil for the music teachers’ preparation to promote, in different ways, the comparative reflection with an emphasis on school education. The ...

  19. Os professores de origem africana a lecionar em Portugal : estudo exploratório

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, Rita Figueira, 1983-

    2012-01-01

    The following dissertation is based on an exploratory study regarding teachers of African origin currently teaching in Portugal. It was conducted in order to obtain a Master‟s Degree in Educational Sciences, specifically in the Intercultural Area. Its main goal is to identify common patterns of distinctive characteristics between interviewees, in an attempt to create a profile of a teacher of African origin teaching in Portugal. Some investigative questions were previously set and served a...

  20. PORTUGAL:Extra Time is Always the Best Part of the Game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Portugal's location as the most westerly part of continental Europe,surroundedon two sides by the Atlantic has had a decisive impact on Portuguese history and culture. In 1415 Portugal embarked on maritime exploration which brought a diverse international influence to its culture.This contact with other nations has had a far-reaching impact on the Portuguese identity,particularly on the hospitable nature of the people.

  1. The Quota Policy in Portugal: The Role of Political Parties and State Feminism. RCCS Annual Review

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Rosa (Orientadora)

    2012-01-01

    The so-called Parity Act was an important milestone in the promotion of gender equality in Portugal, due, amongst other things, to its impact upon an electoral system that the inertia of the party political system had been unable to change. Analyses of the appearance of quota policies in Portugal have not generally considered the role played by the main official body for equality, the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality, and its networks. However, as Mona Lena Krook has pointed out...

  2. The Quota Policy in Portugal: The Role of Political Parties and State Feminism*

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Rosa (Orientadora)

    2012-01-01

    The so-called Parity Act was an important milestone in the promotion of gender equality in Portugal, due, amongst other things, to its impact upon an electoral system that the inertia of the party political system had been unable to change. Analyses of the appearance of quota policies in Portugal have not generally considered the role played by the main official body for equality, the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality, and its networks. However, as Mona Lena Krook has pointed out...

  3. The challenges ahead for animal buildings faced with the emergence of hot climate conditions in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fitas da Cruz, Vasco; Baptista, Fátima; Barbosa, José Carlos

    2009-01-01

    Portugal has a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers. According to data from the Portuguese IM (Instituto de Meteorologia), over the last decade, summer temperatures have tended to be higher, with a greater incidence of heat waves, temperatures above 40 oC, and periods of consecutive warm nights (daily minimum air temperature above 20oC). During the summer, very high temperatures and heat waves are becoming increasingly common in Portugal. The summers of...

  4. A Bayesian spatio-temporal analysis of forest fires in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Giovani Loiola; Dias, Maria Inês

    2013-01-01

    In the last decade, forest fires have become a natural disaster in Portugal, causing great forest devastation, leading to both economic and environmental losses and putting at risk populations and the livelihoods of the forest itself. In this work, we present Bayesian hierarchical models to analyze spatio-temporal fire data on the proportion of burned area in Portugal, by municipalities and over three decades. Mixture of distributions was employed to model jointly the proportion of area burn...

  5. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  6. Grafting of quince 'Portugal' on Cydonia and Chaenomeles rootstocks Enxertia do marmeleiro 'Portugal' em porta-enxertos Cydonia e Chaenomeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pio

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In the specific case of the quince trees, there is lack of information about the emergency of their seedlings, development and time of production of rootstocks to reach the point of the grafting, as well as development of the grafts. Therefore, the objective of the present research was to study the Cydonia and Chaenomeles genera, as well as the development of the grafts during the nursery phase. Seeds of the quince tree cultivars 'Mendoza Inta-37', 'Provence', ' Portugal' and 'Japonês' were obtained from ripe fruits and submitted to cold stratification during 20 days. Soon after, the seeds were sowed in 72-cell polystyrene trays (120 cm³ of capacity/cell containing vermiculite as substrate. After 60 days, the seedlings were put in plastic bags (3 liters of capacity filled with a substrate containing soil: sand: manure (1:1:1 v/v. The seedlings were kept in a 50% of shadow nursery and periodically irrigated. After 180 days, the seedlings were grafted by the cleft grafting method, during the winter, using scion sticks from quince 'Portugal'. After 60 days, the percentage of alive and sprouted grafts was evaluated. The length and diameter of the grafts were measured every 30 days, a total of four times. The quince 'Japonês' showed the best performance among all the rootstocks in this experiment, being an excellent alternative as rootstock for quince trees. 'Japonês' and 'Mendoza Inta-37' were also the rootstocks that promoted the best development of the grafts.Com relação ao marmeleiro, há carência de informações sobre a emergência das plântulas, desenvolvimento e tempo de produção dos porta-enxertos, assim como o desenvolvimento do enxerto. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi estudar o comportamento de marmeleiros do gênero Cydonia e Chaenomeles em relação ao desenvolvimento dos enxertos, em condições de viveiro. Sementes do marmeleiro 'Mendoza Inta-37', 'Provence', 'Portugal' e 'Japonês', foram extraídas de frutos maduros e

  7. Marketing público: la Imagen de Portugal en Argentina, Chile, Colômbia, México, Peru y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Ortigueira Sanchez

    1998-01-01

    El presente articulo es le resumen de vários años de investigation, hemos podido conocer la imagen de España y de otros países, entre ellos Portugal, en ocho países diferentes (Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, México y Portugal. La information procedente de esta investigación constituirá la base para la creación de un tipo particular de políticas públicas: la política de imagen del país.

  8. High altitude Chironomidae (Diptera) of Serra da Estrela (Portugal): Additions to the Portuguese and Iberian Peninsula fauna

    OpenAIRE

    Rieradevall, M.; M.L. Chaves; Prat, N.

    2007-01-01

    A Chironomidae (Diptera) fauna list for headwater streams of high altitude areas in Serra da Estrela (Portugal) is presented, doubling the previously established species richness for the region. The findings include 17 new records for Portugal, which represent an increase to 219 species for the Continental Portugal Chironomidae fauna. Two new records were detected for the Iberian Peninsula: one species (Tvetenia duodenaria), and one subgenus -Psectrocladius (Mesopsectrocladius)-; and the pres...

  9. Alcohol consumption among patients with hepatitis B infection in northern Portugal considering gender and hepatitis B virus genotype differences

    OpenAIRE

    Mota, A.; Guedes, F.; J. Areias; Pinho, L.; M. Cardoso

    2010-01-01

    Alcohol. 2010 Mar;44(2):149-56. Epub 2010 Jan 29. Alcohol consumption among patients with hepatitis B infection in northern Portugal considering gender and hepatitis B virus genotype differences. Mota A, Guedes F, Areias J, Pinho L, Cardoso MF. SourceInstituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Portugal. Abstract Alcohol abuse is an important public health problem. In Portugal with a population of 10 millions of inhabitants, there are around 10% of alc...

  10. 76 FR 22746 - Conecuh Valley Railway, LLC-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-Conecuh Valley Railroad Co., Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... Surface Transportation Board Conecuh Valley Railway, LLC--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--Conecuh Valley Railroad Co., Inc. Conecuh Valley Railway, LLC (CVR), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1150.31 to acquire from Conecuh Valley Railroad Co., Inc. (COEH), and to...

  11. Meie ingel Silicon Valleys / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse esinduse töölepanekust USAs Silicon Valleys räägib esinduse juht Andrus Viirg. Vt. ka: Eestlasi leidub San Franciscos omajagu; Muljetavaldav karjäär; USAga ammune tuttav

  12. Meie mees Silicon Valleys / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 5. dets. lk. 4. Peaminister Andrus Ansip avas Eesti Ettevõtluse Sihtasutuse esinduse Silicon Valley pealinnas San Joses. Vt. samas: Ränioru kliima on tehnoloogiasõbralik; Andrus Viirg

  13. Alluvial Boundary of California's Central Valley

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital dataset defines the extent of the alluvial deposits in the Central Valley of California and encompasses the contiguous Sacramento, San Joaquin, and...

  14. Safety Plan: Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This station safety plan should be viewed as a working tool for all employees of Minnesota Valley NWR. It contains information and instructions for emergencies,...

  15. Burrowing Owl - Palo Verde Valley [ds197

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — These burrowing owl observations were collected during the spring and early summer of 1976 in the Palo Verde Valley, eastern Riverside County, California. This is...

  16. Vegetation - San Felipe Valley [ds172

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This Vegetation Map of the San Felipe Valley Wildlife Area in San Diego County, California is based on vegetation samples collected in the field in 2002 and 2005...

  17. Padrões de casamento dos imigrantes brasileiros residentes em Portugal Patrones de matrimonio de los inmigrantes brasileños residentes en Portugal Marriage patterns of Brazilian immigrants living in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Ferreira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo das últimas décadas, o número de estrangeiros residentes em Portugal aumentou de forma expressiva. Neste contexto, a comunidade brasileira assumiu uma importância cada vez maior, sendo em 2009 a nacionalidade mais representada, com uma participação de 25% no total de residentes estrangeiros em Portugal. Esta evolução tem, como seria de se esperar, reflexos a outros níveis, em particular no contexto do casamento. Contrariando a tendência decrescente observada para o total de casamentos ocorridos entre 2001 e 2009, aqueles em que pelo menos um dos cônjuges nasceu no Brasil quase quadruplicaram nesse período. Para muitos autores, os casamentos mistos são um bom indicador da integração das comunidades imigrantes na sociedade de acolhimento. Assim, dada a importância da comunidade brasileira residente em Portugal, é relevante observar qual o peso dos casamentos mistos nesta comunidade e analisar seus padrões de matrimônio. A análise estatística dos microdados dos casamentos disponibilizados pelo Instituto Nacional de Estatística possibilitou estudar e caraterizar a evolução dos casamentos registrados em Portugal, entre 2001 e 2009, envolvendo brasileiros residentes em Portugal. Ficou patente a existência de um elevado nível de casamentos mistos, em especial com portugueses, neste período, o que indicia sua integração na comunidade de acolhimento. Verificaram-se igualmente algumas diferenças nos padrões de matrimônio entre os sexos, bem como uma tendência para a diminuição da importância dos casamentos mistos, em especial entre os homens.A lo largo de las últimas décadas, el número de extranjeros residentes en Portugal aumentó de forma expresiva. En este contexto, la comunidad brasileña asumió una importancia cada vez mayor, siendo en 2009 la nacionalidad más representativa, con una cuota de residentes del 25% en el total de población extranjera en Portugal. Esta evolución tiene, como cabr

  18. Valley-protected backscattering suppression in silicon photonic graphene

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Xiao-Dong

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study valley degree of freedom in all dielectric silicon photonic graphene. Photonic band gap opening physics under inversion symmetry breaking is revisited by the viewpoint of nonzero valley Chern number. Bulk valley modes with opposite orbital angular momentum are unveiled by inspecting time-varying electric fields. Topological transition is well illustrated through photonic Dirac Hamiltonian. Valley dependent edge states and the associated valley-protected backscattering suppression around Z-shape bend waveguide have been demonstrated.

  19. Iberian lynx conservation in Portugal: dilemmas and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarmento, P.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ateam of biologists and field assistants conducted, between January 2002 and May 2003, a survey on the status of the Iberian lynx in Portugal. The survey was performed on previously identified lynx areas, during studies carried out in the 1970-s and 1990-s Intensive search for lynx scats, for DNA analysis, and camera trapping provided a basis for identifying potential lynx areas. Over 4200 km were covered during a global searching effort of 1975 man-hours. This effort resulted in the collection of 168 potential scats that were submitted to genetic validation with no positive lynx amplifications. Camera trapping was applied in a total effort of 5647 camera days, in three lynx potential areas. No positive detections were achieved. At the same time, a study on wild rabbit distribution reveals that most historical nuclei do not support lynx viable populations. Although we can not confirm extinction, the scenario is highly pessimistic. The Iberian lynx is presently in the verge of extinction. Intensive rabbit regression and massive habitat destruction are identified as the main causes of decline in recent decades. In the Portuguese lynx historical range, we could only identify significant areas suitable for lynx in the South-eastern part of the country, particularly in the Andalusian border, where we lack on recent evidence of lynx presence. Being aware of the considerable difficulties pointed above, the ICN developed a Conservation Action Plan for the Iberian lynx in order to provide a consistent and effective approach to conserve the species in Portuguese territory. This proposal describes guidance that retains future options, provides management consistent, offers necessary flexibility, in order to achieve the maximum goal of conserving the lynx in Portugal. Conservation measures have the goal of provide guiding lines for conservations agents in order to conduct actions that can positively affect lynx and/or to help avoid negative impacts through

  20. Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in Portugal = A Educacao Pre-Escolar e os Cuidados para a Infancia em Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Education, Lisbon (Portugal).

    Based on the view that the rapid expansion and development of preschool education requires careful scrutiny of both educational policy and practices, this book presents information on current early childhood education and care policy in Portugal. Section 1 of the book provides a historical framework for the development of early childhood education…

  1. Sexualidad juvenil y cambio social: el caso de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machado-Pais José

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar si, dentro de un marco de profundos cambios sociales, las nuevas generaciones estarán creando nuevos valores sociales. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Aplicando el método de las generaciones, se utilizaron datos de una encuesta sobre valores y generaciones, hecho en 1996 a 2 012 individuos residentes en Portugal continental y representativos de la población portuguesa. Recurriendo al programa SPAD (Estadística para análisis de datos, se procedió a un análisis factorial de correspondencias múltiples en conjugación con un análisis de tipo cluster. RESULTADOS: Constatamos que las principales discontinuidades intergeneracionales se presentan en el área de las actitudes y prácticas sexuales. Comprobamos que los grupos y agregados resultantes del análisis tienen índices de sobrerrepresentación de generaciones específicas. Por ejemplo, los encuestados hedonistas se caracterizan por un elevado índice de sobrerrepresentación de jóvenes, en contraste con los inhibidos o los moralistas. CONCLUSIONES: Los jóvenes portugueses aparecen como una generación portadora de valores hedonistas y de carácter experimental en el plano de la vida sexual y amorosa. Sin embargo, se caracterizan al mismo tiempo por su vulnerabilidad a conductas de riesgo.

  2. Burkholderia pseudomallei: First case of melioidosis in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelerito, Ana; Nunes, Alexandra; Coelho, Susana; Piedade, Cátia; Paixão, Paulo; Cordeiro, Rita; Sampaio, Daniel; Vieira, Luís; Gomes, João Paulo; Núncio, Sofia

    2016-01-01

    Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus and the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infection associated with high mortality rate in humans. It can be naturally found as an environmental saprophyte in soil or stagnant water, and rice paddies that predominate in regions of endemicity such as Northeast Thailand. B. pseudomallei is a Biosafety Level 3 organism due to risks of aerosolization and severe disease and is now included in formal emergency preparedness plans and guidelines issued by various authorities in the United States and Europe. Here, we report the first case of imported melioidosis in Portugal. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood as well as from a left gluteal abscess pus. The isolate strain showed the unusual resistance profile to first-line eradication therapy trimethroprim/sulfamethoxazole. Whole genome sequencing revealed its similarity with isolates from Southeast Asia, suggesting the Thai origin of this Portuguese isolate, which is in agreement with a recent patient's travel to Thailand. PMID:26962474

  3. Burkholderia pseudomallei: First case of melioidosis in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Pelerito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus and the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infection associated with high mortality rate in humans. It can be naturally found as an environmental saprophyte in soil or stagnant water, and rice paddies that predominate in regions of endemicity such as Northeast Thailand. B. pseudomallei is a Biosafety Level 3 organism due to risks of aerosolization and severe disease and is now included in formal emergency preparedness plans and guidelines issued by various authorities in the United States and Europe. Here, we report the first case of imported melioidosis in Portugal. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood as well as from a left gluteal abscess pus. The isolate strain showed the unusual resistance profile to first-line eradication therapy trimethroprim/sulfamethoxazole. Whole genome sequencing revealed its similarity with isolates from Southeast Asia, suggesting the Thai origin of this Portuguese isolate, which is in agreement with a recent patient's travel to Thailand.

  4. The Great Recession in Portugal: impact on hospital care use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perelman, Julian; Felix, Sónia; Santana, Rui

    2015-03-01

    The Great Recession started in Portugal in 2009, coupled with severe austerity. This study examines its impact on hospital care utilization, interpreted as caused by demand-side effects (related to variations in population income and health) and supply-side effects (related to hospitals' tighter budgets and reduced capacity). The database included all in-patient stays at all Portuguese NHS hospitals over the 2001-2012 period (n=17.7 millions). We analyzed changes in discharge rates, casemix index, and length of stay (LOS), using a before-after methodology. We additionally measured the association of health care indicators to unemployment. A 3.2% higher rate of discharges was observed after 2009. Urgent stays increased by 2.5%, while elective in-patient stays decreased by 1.4% after 2011. The LOS was 2.8% shorter after the crisis onset, essentially driven by the 4.5% decrease among non-elective stays. A one percentage point increase in unemployment rate was associated to a 0.4% increase in total volume, a 2.3% decrease in day cases, and a 0.1% decrease in LOS. The increase in total and urgent cases may reflect delayed out-patient care and health deterioration; the reduced volume of elective stays possibly signal a reduced capacity; finally, the shorter stays may indicate either efficiency-enhancing measures or reduced quality. PMID:25583679

  5. Litter in submarine canyons off the west coast of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mordecai, Gideon; Tyler, Paul A.; Masson, Douglas G.; Huvenne, Veerle A. I.

    2011-12-01

    Marine litter is of global concern and is present in all the world's oceans, including deep benthic habitats where the extent of the problem is still largely unknown. Litter abundance and composition were investigated using video footage and still images from 16 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) dives in Lisbon, Setúbal, Cascais and Nazaré Canyons located west of Portugal. Litter was most abundant at sites closest to the coastline and population centres, suggesting the majority of the litter was land sourced. Plastic was the dominant type of debris, followed by fishing gear. Standardised mean abundance was 1100 litter items km -2, but was as high as 6600 litter items km -2 in canyons close to Lisbon. Although all anthropogenic material may be harmful to biota, debris was also used as a habitat by some macro-invertebrates. Litter composition and abundance observed in the canyons of the Portuguese margin were comparable to those seen in other deep sea areas around the world. Accumulation of litter in the deep sea is a consequence of human activities both on land and at sea. This needs to be taken into account in future policy decisions regarding marine pollution.

  6. Atmospheric selenium in an industrialized area of Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selenium is determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), based on measurement of the long-lived 75Se nuclide. In the urban and industrialized areas of Portugal selenium contents have been found of the order of of 0.5-1 ng/m3 in PM10 and PM2.5, according to the data collected since 1994. From November 12, 2001 and for not more than 3 months, the Se contents in PM10 and PM2.5 increased by a factor of 1000 in the northern area of Lisbon. More than other nutrients, selenium illustrates the dichotomy between essentiality and toxicity. There is no legislation on Se for ambient air and on indoor ambient point threshold limit values (US and Germany legislation), were 100 times higher than the abnormal values found that winter. The increase was also visible for mercury although not to such an extent. Attempts were made to understand the trend, going into a study of the emission sources located in the area using both INAA and PIXE. It was concluded that the observation occurred due to abnormal meteorological wind direction, which pushed the pollutants towards the populated area, when usually they flow into the Tagus estuary. (author)

  7. Radioactivity from Fukushima nuclear accident detected in Lisbon, Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioactivity released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident was transported around the globe by atmospheric processes. Several artificial radionuclides were detected and measured in aerosols and atmospheric surface depositions in the Lisbon area during late March and early April 2011. The highest concentrations measured in aerosols were those of particulate 131I, 1.39 ± 0.08 mBq m−3. Cesium-134, 137Cs and 132Te were also determined but at lower concentrations. The total atmospheric depositions on the ground were higher on the first week of April with values for 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs of 0.92 ± 0.11, 0.59 ± 0.06, and 0.62 ± 0.12 Bq m−2, respectively. The four artificial radionuclides measurable, 131I, 132Te 134Cs, and 137Cs, caused little radiation exposure to the members of the public, that was five orders of magnitude lower than the ionizing radiation effective dose limits for members of the public for one year (1 mSv y−1). - Highlights: ► Radionuclides from Fukushima nuclear accident were measured in aerosols at Lisbon, Portugal. ► Cesium-137 and iodine-131 were measured in atmospheric precipitation. ► Radiation dose to members of the public was much lower than dose limit of 1 mSv/y.

  8. Exploratory study of air quality in elementary schools, Coimbra, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Ana Maria Conceição; Cardoso, Salvador Massano

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the air quality in elementary schools and their structural and functional conditions. METHODS Air quality in 51 elementary schools (81 classrooms) in the city of Coimbra, Portugal, both inside and outside of the rooms was evaluated during the four seasons, from 2010 to 2011. Temperature (T°), relative humidity (Hr), concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), compounds were evaluated, as were volatile organics (VOC), formaldehyde and particulate matter (PM10), from November 2010 to February 2011 (autumn/winter) and March 2011 to June 2011 (spring/summer). A grid characterizing the structural and functional conditions of the schools was created. The statistical Student t test for paired samples and the Wilcoxon t test were applied. RESULTS In 47 schools, the average CO2concentrations were above the maximum reference concentration (984 ppm) mentioned in Portuguese legislation. The maximum concentration values found inside the rooms were critical, especially in the fall/winter (5,320 ppm). In some schools the average concentrations of VOC and PM10within the maximum concentration exceeded the reference legislated. The values (risk) of CO, formaldehyde, NO2, SO2and O3detected were not relevant. CONCLUSIONS There was a higher concentration of pollutants inside the rooms compared with outside. Inadequate ventilation is associated with high CO2concentration in the classroom. PMID:24626544

  9. Salt fluxes in a complex river mouth system of Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Vaz

    Full Text Available Measurements of velocity and salinity near the mouth and head of the Espinheiro channel (Ria de Aveiro lagoon, Portugal are used to study the local variation of physical water properties and to assess the balance, under steady conditions, between the seaward salt transport induced by river discharge and the landward dispersion induced by various mixing mechanisms. This assessment is made using data sampled during complete tidal cycles. Under the assumption that the estuarine tidal channel is laterally homogeneous and during moderate tidal periods (except for one survey, currents and salinity data were decomposed into various spatial and temporal means and their deviations. Near the channel's mouth, the main contributions to the salt transport are the terms due to freshwater discharge and the tidal correlation. Near the channel's head, this last term is less important than the density driven circulation, which is enhanced by the increase in freshwater discharge. The remaining terms, which are dependent on the deviations from the mean depth have a smaller role in the results of salt transport. The computed salt transport per unit width of a section perpendicular to the mean flow is in close agreement to the sum of the advective and dispersive terms (within or very close to 12%. An imbalance of the salt budget across the sections is observed for all the surveys. Considerations are made on how this approach can inform the management of hazardous contamination and how to use these results to best time the release of environmental flows during dry months.

  10. Anaplasma marginale and Theileria annulata in questing ticks from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, S; Ferrolho, J; Domingues, N; Santos, A S; Santos-Silva, M M; Domingos, A

    2016-09-01

    Ticks are ubiquitous arthropods and vectors of several pathogenic agents in animals and humans. Monitoring questing ticks is of great importance to ascertain the occurrence of pathogens and the potential vector species, offering an insight into the risk of disease transmission in a given area. In this study 428 host-seeking ticks, belonging to nine species of Ixodidae and collected from 17 of the 23 Portuguese mainland subregions, were screened for several tick-borne agents with veterinary relevance: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma ovis, Anaplasma centrale, Babesia spp., Coxiella burnetii and Theileria spp. Prevalence was assessed by PCR and amplified amplicons sequenced for validation of results. Twenty ticks, in a total of 428, were found positive: one Ixodes ventalloi for Theileria annulata and four Dermacentor marginatus, one Haemaphysalis punctata, five Ixodes ricinus, five I. ventalloi, and four Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato for A. marginale. According to the reviewed literature, this is the first report of A. marginale and T. annulata detection in I. ventalloi. Furthermore, the amplification of A. marginale DNA in several tick species suggests a broad range for this agent in Portugal that might include other uncommon species as R. sanguineus s.l. This work provides new data towards a better understanding of tick-pathogen associations and also contributes to the surveillance of tick-borne agents in geographic areas with limited information. PMID:27394441

  11. Practice of biopsychosocial medicine in Portugal: perspectives of professionals involved.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, M Graça; Fachada, Alfonso Alonso; Smith, Thomas Edward

    2009-05-01

    Although, recently, the biopsychosocial approach has been emphasized in the practice of family medicine, how psychologists and physicians interact in collaborative family health care practice is still emerging in Portugal. This article describes a qualitative study that focused on the understanding of psychologists and family physicians' perceptions of their role and the collaborative approach in health care. A questionnaire gathered information regarding collaboration, referral, training and the practice of biopsychosocial medicine. A content analysis on respondents' discourse was performed. Results show that both physicians and psychologists agree on the importance of the biopsychosocial model and interdisciplinary collaboration. However, they also mentioned several difficulties that have to do with the lack of psychologists working full time in health care centers, lack of communication and different expectancies regarding each other roles in health care delivery. Both physicians and psychologists acknowledge the lack of academic training and consider the need for multidisciplinary teams in their training and practice to improve collaboration and integrative care. Implications for future research and for the practice of biopsychosocial medicine are addressed. PMID:19476234

  12. Radiation protection in Portugal: health, safety and legal aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the basic legal and technical principles governing radiation protection in Portugal. The methods used in the medical surveillance of occupationally exposed persons (especially in the assessment of biological effects) are described and the results of recent studies carried out with a view to improving biological dosimetry techniques are reported. An account is also given of dosimetry at nuclear centres in mines, at research establishments, in industry and in hospitals and private clinics, the accumulated doses being examined in the light of international recommendations relating to radiation protection. Statistical data on the granting of licences to different kinds of establishment are considered from the radiation safety point of view by the authors, who also describe the methods used for controlling waste from nuclear facilities and the measures taken in such special situations as the visit of a nuclear-powered ship to a Portuguese port or the disposal of radioactive waste into the Atlantic Ocean. A brief account is given of recent efforts to check on radioactive pollution (especially the contamination of milk by 90Sr). Lastly, the criteria followed in licensing and controlling Portuguese establishments which work with radioactive substances or other radiation sources are reviewed and, on the basis of experience, a critical appraisal is made of the application of the fundamental technical and legal principles, which presupposes the necessary co-operation between license-issuing authority, facility operator and staff

  13. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BOLOGNA PROCESS IN PORTUGAL IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DO PROCESSO DE BOLONHA EM PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima David

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Concerning to the current diversification of the Higher Education, which goes through the scientific and technical progress and the individual interests and social needs of qualified personnel, this research discusses the new paradigm of Higher Education in Portugal, as consequence of Bologna Process, and in the context of the Superior School of Technology and Management (SSTM of Guarda, as a case study of this evidence. In a society based on the intensive knowledge use, the expectations on the qualifications level and competences has grown considerably, carrying out the formation, in general, and the one of superior level, in particular, a strategic function. In fact, the sustainable social, economical and technological development demands a constant (readaptation of the conceptual field and as a consequence, of the general knowledge as well as the technical skills and competences, which should be insured by the Higher Education once it is a dynamic process, in which qualifications and competences have the risk of fast obsolescence. No âmbito da actual diversificação do Ensino Superior, que responde ao progresso científico e técnico, bem como aos interesses individuais e às necessidades sociais de pessoal qualificado, a presente investigação discute o novo paradigma do Ensino Superior em Portugal, como consequência do Processo de Bolonha, e no contexto da Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão (ESTG da Guarda, enquanto caso de estudo desta evidência. Numa sociedade baseada no uso intensivo do conhecimento, as exigências em relação ao patamar de qualificações e competências crescem consideravelmente, desempenhando a formação, em geral, e a formação de nível superior, em particular, uma função estratégica. De facto, o desenvolvimento social, económico e tecnológico sustentável de uma sociedade exige uma (readaptação constante do campo conceptual, e, consequentemente, a (readaptação do saber geral e das aptidões t

  14. New insights into the reconstructed temperature in Portugal over the last 400 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, J. A.; Carneiro, M. F.; Correia, A.; Alcoforado, M. J.; Zorita, E.; Gómez-Navarro, J. J.

    2015-06-01

    The consistency of an existing reconstructed annual (December-November) temperature series for the Lisbon region (Portugal) from 1600 onwards, based on a European-wide reconstruction, with (1) five local borehole temperature-depth profiles; (2) synthetic temperature-depth profiles, generated from both reconstructed temperatures and two regional paleoclimate simulations in Portugal; (3) instrumental data sources over the twentieth century; and (4) temperature indices from documentary sources during the late Maunder Minimum (1675-1715) is assessed. The low-frequency variability in the reconstructed temperature in Portugal is not entirely consistent with local borehole temperature-depth profiles and with the simulated response of temperature in two regional paleoclimate simulations driven by reconstructions of various climate forcings. Therefore, the existing reconstructed series is calibrated by adjusting its low-frequency variability to the simulations (first-stage adjustment). The annual reconstructed series is then calibrated in its location and scale parameters, using the instrumental series and a linear regression between them (second-stage adjustment). This calibrated series shows clear footprints of the Maunder and Dalton minima, commonly related to changes in solar activity and explosive volcanic eruptions, and a strong recent-past warming, commonly related to human-driven forcing. Lastly, it is also in overall agreement with annual temperature indices over the late Maunder Minimum in Portugal. The series resulting from this post-reconstruction adjustment can be of foremost relevance to improve the current understanding of the driving mechanisms of climate variability in Portugal.

  15. Biogas in Portugal: Status and public policies in a European context

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current status and legal framework of biogas production in Portugal are analyzed and compared to that of five other European countries, characterized by wide-ranging diversity of substrates and biogas applications. With this comparison, and with the calculation of the biogas energy potential in Portugal, the authors want to assess the significance of developing the Portuguese biogas sector. This study illustrates that the highest biogas feed-in tariffs are applied in the countries with a more developed sector. In Portugal, despite the fact that the organic effluents are a relevant energy source (873 Mm3 biogas per year; 4889 GW h yr−1) and that new feed-in tariffs were established, biogas valorisation is still at an early stage. The importance of anaerobic digestion was only recognized in 2007 and the present installed power is about 10% of the potential electrical power (229 MW). Therefore, it is desirable to strengthen the national and regional biogas market. - Highlights: ► This work is a contribution to promote the development of national biogas sector. ► Current state of biogas production in EU is presented: five countries are considered. ► Portuguese legal framework on biogas is compared to other European countries. ► Organic effluents produced in Portugal are by themselves a relevant source of energy. ► The biogas sector in Portugal is still at an early stage of growth.

  16. A comparative study on music teacher preparation in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graça Mota

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The preparation of music teachers in Portugal and Brazil is the focus of this text, which aims at presenting preliminary aspects of a study in progress in the context of higher education in both countries. Inspired by comparative education methodology, the present study is investigating official documents and academic curricula offered in Portugal and Brazil for the music teachers’ preparation to promote, in different ways, the comparative reflection with an emphasis on school education. The music teachers’ education in both countries was analyzed taking into account the following elements: educational context in Portugal and Brazil; music preparation prior to higher education, and the entrance criteria in the courses that are offered for music teachers; curricular elements of the courses; teaching practice and professional perspectives. The preliminary results of this comparative analysis demonstrate similarities and differences in the two contexts: 1 in both countries, music teachers for regular schools receive their degrees in higher education institutions, and in Portugal, beyond the Licenciatura in Music, a Music Education Master degree is demanded; 2 in both countries specific entrance tests are accomplished in the universities, demanding previous musical knowledge; 3 the balance among the musical and pedagogical preparation is one of the curricular objectives; 4 the teaching practice is an emphasized component in the teachers’ preparation; 5 in Portugal, student’s motivation for the work in the regular school appears to be larger than in Brazil.

  17. Valley Hall Effect in Two-Dimensional Hexagonal Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Michihisa; Shimazaki, Yuya; Borzenets, Ivan V.; Tarucha, Seigo

    2015-12-01

    Valley is a quantum number defined for energetically degenerate but nonequivalent structures in energy bands of a crystalline material. Recent discoveries of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have shed light on the potential use of this degree of freedom for information carriers because the valley can now be potentially manipulated in integrated 2D architectures. The valleys separated by a long distance in a momentum space are robust against external disturbance and the flow of the valley, the valley current, is nondissipative because it carries no net electronic current. Among the various 2D valley materials, graphene has by far the highest crystal quality, leading to an extremely long valley relaxation length in the bulk. In this review, we first describe the theoretical background of the valley Hall effect, which converts an electric field into a valley current. We then describe the first observation of the valley Hall effect in monolayer MoS2. Finally, we describe experiments on the generation and detection of the pure valley current in monolayer and bilayer graphene, achieved recently using the valley Hall effect and inverse valley Hall effect. While we show unambiguous evidence of a pure valley current flowing in graphene, we emphasize that the field of "valleytronics" is still in its infancy and that further theoretical and experimental investigations are necessary.

  18. Da antropologia à antropologia aplicada ou a afirmação da antropologia no Norte de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereiro, Xerardo

    2014-01-01

    A antropologia aplicada diferenciou a antropologia no Norte de Portugal desde os anos 1990. No artigo realizamos uma análise desse processo de diferenciação e afirmação na oferta educativa do ensino superior do Norte de Portugal.

  19. The Eclipse, the Astronomer and His Audience: Frederico Oom and the Total Solar Eclipse of 28 May 1900 in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolino, Luis Miguel; Simoes, Ana

    2012-01-01

    This study offers a detailed analysis of an episode of the popularization of astronomy which took place in Portugal, a peripheral country of Europe, and occurring in the early twentieth century. The episode was driven by the 28 May 1900 total solar eclipse which was seen on the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain). Instead of focusing on one of…

  20. Optical fiber sensors: a route from University of Kent to Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, José L.; Lobo Ribeiro, António B.

    2011-06-01

    In this work the authors first summarily describe the main topics that were the subject of their post-graduate activity in fiber sensing at the Applied Optics Group of University of Kent in the late 1980s and early 1990s. After their return to Porto, Portugal, the know-how acquired during their stay at Kent and the collaboration paths that followed between the University of Porto and University of Kent were instrumental in the start-up and progress of optical fiber sensing activity in Portugal. The main topics addressed in this field, the description of some of the relevant developments achieved in recent years, the present situation and the guidelines for the future research and development activity in Portugal in fiber sensing will be the core of this work.

  1. Information Management in Portugal: education and employment conditions and some prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Vieira de Freitas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Professors Cristina Freitas and Maria da Graça Simões answer questions prepared by teachers from the Faculdade de Informação e Comunicação (Gestão da Informação Undergraduate Degree da Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG. The questions are related to the educational structure dedicated to the issues of information management in Portugal, the influence of the "Big Data" phenomenon on education and training in the area - including discussions on data governance, the fundation areas of Information Management and the main approaches to information research in the Country. Besides, they discuss the employment conditions (threats and opportunities for professionals in Information Management in Portugal and in Europe [Available Language: Portuguese/Portugal].

  2. The teaching about the care of the elderly in nursing training: the situation in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Sidney Costa Santos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to look at the teaching situation of the nursing undergraduate degree’s courses about eldercare in Portugal. A documentary research on the teaching programs in 39 nursing schools, 26 schools presented syllabus units related to the topic ‘eldercare’ and in eight of these schools the contents of the units were identified. Using textual analysis and from the categories we concluded that the teaching regarding eldercare for the nurse training in Portugal is focused on hospital care; it is directed to the adult/elderly/family; it explores the definitions related to the aging process; it explores community issues, legislation and research. People responsible for the design/monitoring of teaching programs should include teaching regarding eldercare in the nurse training, considering that the elder population is increasing in Portugal.

  3. Brasileiros em Portugal: transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares

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    Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond Braga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi a partir de 1993 que o saldo migratório em Portugal passou a revelar-se positivo e em crescimento. Em 1997, viviam em Portugal 175.263 pessoas com autorização de residência, a que se juntavam imigrantes ilegais em número desconhecido, calculando-se em pouco mais de 2% a percentagem de imigrantes no cômputo total da população residente no país. 11,4% dos imigrantes eram oriundos do Brasil. Dados mais recentes e ainda provisórios, fornecidos pelo Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, relativos a 2007, dão conta de 435.736 imigrantes legais. Os brasileiros, num total de 66.354, representam 15,2% desse total. Sabendo-se que a presença de uma comunidade estrangeira numericamente significativa dá origem quer à abertura de pequenas lojas de produtos antes inexistentes no país de acolhimento quer ao comércio paralelo, procurei sondar que novidades alimentares brasileiras ocorreram em Portugal nos últimos anos, através de um questionário a realizar a um mínimo de 200 brasileiros. Pretendeu saber-se sexo, idade, estado de onde são oriundos, atividade a que se dedicam, prato brasileiro preferido, quais os alimentos que consumiam no Brasil e não conseguem encontrar em Portugal, quais os alimentos brasileiros que consomem em Portugal e, finalmente, onde conseguem obtê-los. A análise dos dados obtidos no questionário, bem como as informações disponíveis acerca dos chamados restaurantes étnicos, permitem estudar os hábitos alimentares da comunidade brasileira em Portugal, nomeadamente as transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares que estão em curso e que têm repercussões entre portugueses e brasileiros, uma vez que as transferências culturais resultam das inter-relações entre conjuntos culturais postos em contacto.From 1993 onwards the net migratory balance in Portugal has become positive and on the rise. In 1997 there were 175.263 people living in Portugal with a residence permit as well as illegal

  4. Beyond the “Casa Portuguesa”: analysis of popular music exchanges between Brazil and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago José Lemos Monteiro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies and discusses the silences and the asymmetrical relations that characterize the exchanges of popular music between Brazil and Portugal. At the same time that our perception of the contemporary Portuguese culture seems mediated by a "mythical common sense" deeply influenced by the discourse of tradition, Portugal became an enthusiastic consumer of our "modern" media culture. Such assymetries are visible in the huge success of Brazilian artists and bands in Portugal, whose counterpoint is the absence of Portuguese contemporary musical production in Brazil, especially those related to pop/rock. This paper aims to question the socially constructed nature of such speeches, and thus contribute to the elucidation of some aspects of local-global dynamics in the industry of entertainment, related to the musical consumption practices of the urban youth.

  5. Does Trade Help to Explain Tourism Demand? The Case of Portugal

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    Nuno Carlos LEITÃO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry has expanded in recent years due to internal and external environmental forces. These forces, income, trade, consumer price, and geographical distance are interconnected. Accounting for imperfect competition and increasing returns to scale, the new trade theory offers the explanation of dynamic gains from international trade. A large number of studies attempt to test the hypothesis that there is a link between trade and tourism. Most of the studies show that trade and tourism are positively correlated. This paper specifies static and dynamic panel demand models for tourism in Portugal and estimates demand equations using tourist inflow data for the period 1995-2006. We find that bilateral trade, immigration, border, and geographical distance between Portugal and countries of origin are the main determinants of tourism to Portugal. The dynamic panel data approach indicates that trade, population, and income are more important determinants than relative price.

  6. The impact of winter cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mortality due to cardiovascular diseases shows a seasonal trend that can be associated with cold weather. Portugal is the European country with the highest excess winter mortality, but nevertheless, the relationship between cold weather and health is yet to be assessed. The main aim of this study is to identify the contribution of cold weather to cardiovascular diseases within Portugal. Poisson regression analysis based on generalized additive models was applied to estimate the influence of a human-biometeorological index (PET) on daily hospitalizations for myocardial infarction. The main results revealed a negative effect of cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal. For every degree fall in PET during winter, there was an increase of up to 2.2% (95% CI = 0.9%; 3.3%) in daily hospital admissions. This paper shows the need for public policies that will help minimize or, indeed, prevent exposure to cold. -- Highlights: ► We model the relationship between daily hospitalizations due to myocardial infarctions and cold weather in Portugal. ► We use Physiological Equivalent temperature (PET) as main explanatory variable. ► We adjust the models to confounding factors such as influenza and air pollution. ► Daily hospitalizations increased up to 2.2% per degree fall of PET during winter. ► Exposure to cold weather has a negative impact on human health in Portugal. -- There is an increase of up to 2.2% in daily hospitalizations due to acute myocardial infarctions per degree fall of thermal index during the winter months in Portugal

  7. Analysis of Mining-induced Valley Closure Movements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, C.; Mitra, R.; Oh, J.; Hebblewhite, B.

    2016-05-01

    Valley closure movements have been observed for decades in Australia and overseas when underground mining occurred beneath or in close proximity to valleys and other forms of irregular topographies. Valley closure is defined as the inward movements of the valley sides towards the valley centreline. Due to the complexity of the local geology and the interplay between several geological, topographical and mining factors, the underlying mechanisms that actually cause this behaviour are not completely understood. A comprehensive programme of numerical modelling investigations has been carried out to further evaluate and quantify the influence of a number of these mining and geological factors and their inter-relationships. The factors investigated in this paper include longwall positional factors, horizontal stress, panel width, depth of cover and geological structures around the valley. It is found that mining in a series passing beneath the valley dramatically increases valley closure, and mining parallel to valley induces much more closure than other mining orientations. The redistribution of horizontal stress and influence of mining activity have also been recognised as important factors promoting valley closure, and the effect of geological structure around the valley is found to be relatively small. This paper provides further insight into both the valley closure mechanisms and how these mechanisms should be considered in valley closure prediction models.

  8. The lakes of the Jordan Rift Valley

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a summary of the proceedings of a workshop on the Lakes of the Jordan Rift Valley that was held in conjunction with the CRP on The Use of Isotope Techniques in Lake Dynamics Investigations. The paper presents a review of the geological, hydrogeological and physical limnological setting of the lakes in the Jordan Rift Valley, Lake Hula, Lake Kinneret and the Dead Sea. This is complemented by a description of the isotope hydrology of the system that includes the use of a wide range of isotopes: oxygen-18, deuterium, tritium, carbon-14, carbon-13, chlorine isotopes, boron-11 and helium-3/4. Environmental isotope aspects of the salt balances of the lakes, their palaeolimnology and biogeochemical tracers are also presented. The scope of application of isotopic tracers is very broad and provides a clear insight into many aspects of the physical, chemical and biological limnology of the Rift Valley Lakes. (author)

  9. Why is the make-up consumption in Portugal so low?

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Sancha de Freitas Ribeiro Carvalho

    2009-01-01

    This work project should be inevitably deemed as a practical approach to a marketing problem - the low consumption of make-up in Portugal, established by a L’Oréal study, dated of 2007. An exploratory quantitative research provided the general idea that the absolute consumption of make-up in Portugal should only be considered feeble when compared to other beauty products, i.e., perfume and facial treatment. Also, and perhaps more important, the notion that the main issue was the fact that mak...

  10. Portugal Telecom’s strategic partnership with Oi: The value creation potential

    OpenAIRE

    Mouta, Pedro Manuel Gaspar

    2012-01-01

    Portugal Telecom (PT) has been in the Brazilian Telecom Market for over a decade. After the end of the Joint-Venture with Telefónica, PT and Oi, a resident telecom player, decided to combine strengths in order to create value for both companies. The success of this partnership depends on the Brazilian operator’s performance, and which competitive advantages will be possible to achieve. Portugal Telecom will receive the return under the form of dividends, firm value increase, scale and geograp...

  11. Runoff at the micro-plot and slope scale following wildfire, central Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, D.; Keizer, J; Nunes, J.; Fernandes, I; Faria S.; Ferreira, R.; Pedrosa, E; Varela, M.; Pereira, L.

    2010-01-01

    Through their effects on soil properties and vegetation/litter cover, wildfires can strongly enhance overland flow generation and accelerate soil erosion [1] and, thereby, negatively affect land-use sustainability as well as downstream aquatic and flood zones. Wildfires are a common phenomenon in present-day Portugal, devastating in an average year some 100.000 ha of forest and woodlands and in an exceptional year like 2003 over 400.000 ha. There therefore exists a clear need in Portugal for ...

  12. Between tradition and innovation: the teaching of English in Portugal at the turn of the century

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes Da Torre, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Apart from a few individual initiatives that have focused on particular aspects of the teaching of English in Portugal, the history of this teaching is still to be written. And at a time when there is generalized uncertainty about a dominant approach of foreign language teaching in general it would be very helpful if a structured overview of what has been done in the past - covering not only its successes but also its failures - would certainly help present-day teachers of English in Portugal...

  13. O estudo de caso na investigação em Tecnologia Educativa em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Coutinho Pereira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Case studies have gained popularity among Educational Technology researchers in Portugal, as we could verify in a broad survey of Portuguese scholarly publications in the educational field. Although it is recognised as a methodological framework with enormous possibilities for research in ET, producing precious insights in technological learning environments, it can led, if deficiently conducted, to irrelevant and sterile conclusions. In this article we will caracterize case study methodology, discuss its power as well as its limits, analyse some cases concerning ET research in Portugal, and point out for criteria of quality tin order to maximize its value and credibility.

  14. Fathering and Conjugality in Transnational Patchwork Families: the Angola/Portugal case

    OpenAIRE

    Grassi, Marzia; Vivet, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores long-distance fatherhood and the father-child relationships in transnational families between Angola and Portugal. Using evidence for the Portugal/Angola case in the second work package of the TCRAf-Eu project, we discuss the division of parental duties based on established gender roles (mother as caregiver and father as bread-winner) and how they are reconstructed in the long-distance context in which there are very few mothers living abroad: in our sample, the overwhelmi...

  15. Health profile of centenarians in Portugal: a census-based approach

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Oscar; Teixeira, Laetitia; Araújo, Lia; Paúl, Constança

    2016-01-01

    Background The number of centenarians is rapidly increasing in Europe. In Portugal, it has almost tripled over the last 10 years and constitutes one of the fastest-growing segments of the population. This paper aims to describe the health and sociodemographic characteristics of Portuguese centenarians as given in the 2011 census and to identify sex differences. Methods All persons living in Portugal mainland and Madeira and Azores islands aged 100 years old at the time of the 2011 census (N =...

  16. Feasibility Studies and Design of High-Speed Railway (TGV) Projects in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Ricardo; Abreu, Rui

    Portugal is starting a large program of high-speed train routes connecting the main cities in the country and these cities to central Europe throughout Spain. The country has a very wide range of lithological types and the main routes cross some important hilly zones. These facts, together with the severe geometric restrictions associated with the High-Speed Trains, attach an important role to Engineering Geology both at the Feasibility stage and at the Design stage of the projects. The paper illustrates this important role with examples of studies currently under way in Portugal.

  17. Annex 2: On-site study of market for sterile Medfly in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The assumptions in the original study remain true. The current situation in the Algarve presents an even stronger case for adopting SIT, due to increasing production area. Although Portugal was first in Europe with its SIT programme in Madeira, the country is now being surpassed by Valencia, Spain. Regional production of sterile Medfly males has increased considerably, while international sources remain in place for any shortfalls. Yet, producers in continental Portugal continue to be slow in committing to SIT. Several important pesticides for Medfly control are being eliminated under the EU-wide review of active ingredients, which may provide the turning point for initiating a large scale SIT programme

  18. História dos ralis em Portugal : projeto de edição

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, António José Henriques Carinha Rodrigues da

    2015-01-01

    O desporto automóvel, e particularmente os ralis, tem milhares de seguidores em Portugal. Apesar de existirem algumas obras que relatam com rigor a história do automobilismo desportivo em Portugal, nenhuma consagrou por inteiro o seu espaço às provas de estrada que, há mais de 100 anos, fascinam multidões. O projeto para a edição de uma obra consagrada aos ralis sustenta a sua viabilidade no interesse que a mesma possa despertar tanto em adeptos, como em parceiros de diferente natureza que...

  19. Construction and modification of the autonomy of school mathematical knowledge in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Matos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the discipline of secondary mathematics was gradually built in Portugal and certified teachers, textbooks, programs, special teaching techniques emerge. This consolidation process ends with the emergency of school subjects that develop some kind of autonomy as Chervel puts it. This article discusses how the school discipline of mathematics in secondary education in Portugal was set. This process is inseparable from teacher training and so we will observe professional legitimation processes paying special attention to ways in which autonomy has been building and modifying over time.

  20. Tendências recentes de abordagem à contabilidade pública em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição da Costa Marques

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Face à especial atenção que tem vindo a ser dada à contabilidade pública não só em Portugal como na maioria dos países desenvolvidos do mundo, revelase de particular interesse um estudo evolutivo/cronológico da contabilidade pública em Portugal. Com efeito, esta contabilidade, submetida durante anos a um anonimato sem sentido, viu, sobretudo com a adesão de Portugal à Comunidade Europeia em 1986 e, mais tarde, à União Económica e Monetária, um interesse especial não só do Governo e entidades envolvidas, como do público em geral. E tanto assim é, que sobretudo desde 1990 que se assiste à aprovação de um conjunto de diplomas reguladores das matérias inerentes à contabilidade pública, inseridos num processo de reformas que ainda não terminou. É com este pano de fundo que pretendemos elaborar este trabalho, o qual esperamos elucide o leitor sobre os progressos da contabilidade pública em Portugal, que, de uma contabilidade meramente legal, passa a uma contabilidade baseada em critérios emergentes de economia, eficiência e eficácia.In view of the special attention that has been given to public accounting in recent times, not only in Portugal but in most developed countries, an evolutionary/ chronological study of public accounting in Portugal shows to be of particular interest. This accounting, which had been submitted to meaningless anonymity for years, actually became the subject of special interest not only by the government and other entities involved, but also by the public in general, mainly when Portugal adhered to the European Community in 1986 and, later on, to the Economic and Monetary Union. To the extent that, particularly from 1990 onwards, a set of laws has been approved which regulate issues inherent to public accounting.These are inserted in a reform process that has not finished yet. Against this background, we hope that this study will enlighten the reader about the progress in public Accounting in

  1. Surveillance of imported hospital requiring malaria in Portugal: can it be improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Ana Glória; Simões Dias, Sara; Baptista, João Luís; Torgal, Jorge

    2016-06-01

    Although eradicated in Portugal, malaria keeps taking its toll on travellers and migrants from endemic countries. Completeness of hospital requiring malaria notification in Portugal 2000-11 was estimated, using two-source capture-recapture method. Data sources were: national surveillance database of notifiable diseases and the national database of the Diagnosis-Related Groups resulting from National Health Service (NHS) hospital episodes. The completeness of notification was 21,2% for all malaria cases and 26,5% for malaria deaths, indicating significant underreporting and urging for complementary data source in surveillance, for disease burden estimates and retrospective monitoring, namely hospital episodes statistics. PMID:27069002

  2. A hybrid PSO-ANFIS approach for short-term wind power prediction in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pousinho, H.M.I. [Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, R. Fonte do Lameiro, 6201-001 Covilha (Portugal); Mendes, V.M.F. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, R. Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1950-062 Lisbon (Portugal); Catalao, J.P.S. [Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, R. Fonte do Lameiro, 6201-001 Covilha (Portugal); Center for Innovation in Electrical and Energy Engineering, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2011-01-15

    The increased integration of wind power into the electric grid, as nowadays occurs in Portugal, poses new challenges due to its intermittency and volatility. Wind power prediction plays a key role in tackling these challenges. The contribution of this paper is to propose a new hybrid approach, combining particle swarm optimization and adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system, for short-term wind power prediction in Portugal. Significant improvements regarding forecasting accuracy are attainable using the proposed approach, in comparison with the results obtained with five other approaches. (author)

  3. Detection of Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg & O’Donnell in coniferous of the central region of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Paiva, Diana Sofia Coutinho Silva de

    2011-01-01

    Numa altura em que a Floresta de Pinho em Portugal se encontra extremamente fragilizada pelo alastramento do nemátodo da Madeira do Pinheiro a todo o território continental, surge uma nova ameaça, o que tende a agravar o estado fitossanitário do Pinhal. Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg & O´Donnell (teleomorfo Gibberella circinata Nirenberg & O´Donnell), agente responsável pelo cancro resinoso do pinheiro, foi oficialmente assinalado em Portugal em Abril de 2008, num viveiro localizado na cidade ...

  4. Contribution of residential wood combustion to PM10 levels in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    C. Borrego; J. Valente; Carvalho, A.; Sá, E.; Lopes, M.; Miranda, A. I.

    2010-01-01

    Wood is commonly used in residential combustion for heating purposes; however, it can be a major source of air pollutants, namely fine particles, volatile organic compounds and carbon monoxide. Since 2004, the PM10 daily limit value has been surpassed in Portugal, and the European Commission has stated that plans and programs must be designed in order to reduce these levels. In Portugal, 18% of PM10 emissions are due to residential wood combustion, which may deeply impact the PM10 levels in t...

  5. O movimento vegan em Portugal: significados e justificações

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Maria Alexandra Ramires

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Sociologia Esta investigação consiste na realização de um estudo exploratório sobre algumas dimensões do fenómeno social – o veganismo. O que se pretende com este estudo é analisar o veganismo em Portugal enquanto movimento social. Neste sentido, por um lado, descrevemos os principais momentos históricos do movimento vegan em Portugal, nomeadamente, a sua origem e principais influências ideológico filosóficas, institucionalização e a sua contribuição para a recon...

  6. Literature survey, bibliographic analysis and a taxonomic catalogue of subterranean fauna from Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Reboleira

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A bibliographic analysis of the hypogean biological studies in Portugal is made, compiling 138 publications related to the subterranean invertebrate fauna, since its begining in 1870 until November 2012.A catalogue of hypogean endemic taxa is provided, listing 27 troglobionts and 63 stygobionts, described to be obligate hypogean and endemic from mainland Portugal (Macaronesian archipelagos excluded.The first impetus on troglobiont studies was provided by the prospections of Barros Machado during 1940’s and by an expedition of Lindberg in the spring of 1961; and the major information about stygobiont species was provided by the former Instituto de Zoologia “Dr. Augusto Nobre” from Porto University.

  7. O papel do crowdfunding no desenvolvimento de projetos inovadores em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Medeiros, Juliana de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Economia Monetária e Financeira / JEL code: G29; O31 O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar qual o papel do crowdfunding no desenvolvimento de projetos inovadores em Portugal. Para tal, foi realizada uma sistematização de contribuições bibliográficas recentes sobre o conceito de crowdfunding ou financiamento colaborativo e elaborada uma pesquisa empírica sobre a caracterização do fenómeno em Portugal, nomeadamente sobre a identificação e funcionamento das plataformas, a regulamen...

  8. O impacto económico da obesidade em Portugal : custos directos com internamento

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Vanessa

    2010-01-01

    RESUMO - A prevalência da obesidade não teve alterações significativas em Portugal. Uma vez que os recursos são escassos e é cada vez mais premente distribuí-los de forma racional, torna-se importante conhecer o impacto económico da obesidade para o país e perceber se os custos se alteraram. Objectivo: Actualizar, à luz de evidência mais recente, a estimativa dos custos directos com internamento hospitalar atribuíveis à obesidade, em Portugal, no ano 2008. Metodologia: Foi e...

  9. Principales consecuencias de los planes de ajuste en Grecia, Irlanda y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tortosa Collado, David

    2014-01-01

    Trabajo acerca de las políticas seguidas por Grecia, Irlanda y Portugal como medida de respuesta a los rescates necesarios que han tenido que recibir por los problemas ocasionados por la crisis actual y por sus situaciones particulares. Grecia, un país con un grave problema de deuda soberana y cuentas falsificadas, Irlanda, cuya situación fue crítica a partir de su rescate bancario y Portugal, un país con un escaso crecimiento y la desconfianza internacional. En él, tras un breve marco teóric...

  10. A new cave-dwelling millipede of the genus Scutogona from central Portugal (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Chamaesomatidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2013-01-01

    A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed.......A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed....

  11. Rehabilitation of adobe buildings. Understanding different materials from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Cristiana; Rocha, Fernando; Velosa, Ana

    2016-04-01

    Earth construction is the oldest building material known, with documented cases of the use of earth bricks since Mesopotamia around 10 000 BC (Heathcote, 1995). The earth construction exists throughout the majority of the world in different cultures, and for some countries, nowadays it continues to be the main process of construction (Vega et al, 2011). Around 30% of the world's population lives in buildings made of earth materials. Earthen construction is an environmentally friendly technique with a social and cultural contribution; this advantage is increased when this type of construction is applied in developing countries where the material costs counterbalance with labour costs, and where other materials and techniques cannot be available (Ciancio et al, 2013). Studies of materials characterization are required in order to understand the composition and specific properties of the earth buildings, their heterogeneity and their degradation mechanisms. Some adobes from different buildings, ages and regions of Portugal were collected in order to characterize them (mineralogically, chemically and physically). It was possible to understand the composition of these materials and their differences. Main minerals are quartz, feldspars, calcite and phyllosilicates (mica and kaolinite). The mechanical behaviour of these materials isn't the best, but it is possible to improve it with some simple and cheap natural additives (kaolinitic soils). The characterization of these materials allows us to understand the differences between the materials from the different regions (controlled by locally available raw materials). Understanding these materials, and their properties, it is possible to formulate new ones for repair, conservation and rehabilitation works. The adobe bricks are an alternative of kiln baked bricks which has several advantages and one of the most important is that these materials are recyclable. Adobes are an excellent option for building rehabilitation, if

  12. CHARACTERISATION OF INULIN FROM CHICORY AND SALSIFY CULTIVATED IN PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. BEIRÃO-DA-COSTA

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Inulin and fructooligosaccharides (FOS are important ingredients used in the food industry because of their diverse nutritional and functional properties. Among the sources of these compounds, chicory (Cichorium intybus L. is one of the most important, due to its high content of inulin, which shows a high F/G ratio. As in several European countries, chicory is grown in Portugal where is used traditionally as a coffee substitute. However, studies have been carried out concerning the evaluation of the characteristics of the carbohydrate fraction of Portuguese chicory, to investigate its industrial potential as a raw material for the production of inulin, FOS and fructose. Salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius L., another plant generally regarded as an inulin source, is also cultivated in the same regions of our country where it is used as a cooked vegetable. Carbohydrate constituents of chicory and salsify roots, mainly inulin and FOS, were submitted to a physical-chemical analysis by HPLC and DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry. The viscosities of the gels produced from both inulins were also evaluated. From HPLC results it was apparent that great differences exist between the inulin sources, mainly in degree of polymerisation which was higher in chicory. Endotherms showed that both peak temperature and enthalpy values of the transition were different, the latter being much higher for salsify. KEYWORDS: Physical-chemical analysis of inulin; chicory; salsify.

  13. Perspectives on access to in vitro fertilization in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze users' reasons for choosing in vitro fertilization treatment in public or private services and to identify their suggestions for improving fertility treatment. METHODS: A qualitative study using an interpretative approach was conducted. Fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment (nine women, one man and five couples at home or at their workplace in the districts of Viana do Castelo, Braga, Porto and Lisbon, Portugal, between July 2005 and February 2006. RESULTS: Users evaluated access to in vitro fertilization treatment in public and private services based mainly on their individual experiences and called for more access to less costly, faster and friendlier care with suitable facilities, appropriate time management and caring medical providers. These perceptions were also associated with views on the need for fighting stigmatization of infertility, protecting children's rights and guaranteeing sustainability of health care system. Interviewees sought to balance reduced waiting time and more attentive care with costs involved. The choice of services depended on the users' purchase power and place of residence and availability of attentive care. CONCLUSIONS: Current national policies on in vitro fertilization treatment meet user's demands of promoting access to, and quality, availability and affordability of in vitro fertilization treatment. However, their focus on legal regulation and technical-scientific aspects contrasts with the users' emphasis on reimbursement, insurance coverage and focus on emotional aspects of the treatment. The study showed these policies should ensure insurance coverage, participation of user representatives in the National Council for Assisted Reproductive Technology, promotion of infertility research and certification of fertility laboratories.

  14. Stably Stratified Flow in a Shallow Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahrt, L.

    2016-07-01

    Stratified nocturnal flow above and within a small valley of approximately 12-m depth and a few hundred metres width is examined as a case study, based on a network of 20 sonic anemometers and a central 20-m tower with eight levels of sonic anemometers. Several regimes of stratified flow over gentle topography are conceptually defined for organizing the data analysis and comparing with the existing literature. In our case study, a marginal cold pool forms within the shallow valley in the early evening but yields to larger ambient wind speeds after a few hours, corresponding to stratified terrain-following flow where the flow outside the valley descends to the valley floor. The terrain-following flow lasts about 10 h and then undergoes transition to an intermittent marginal cold pool towards the end of the night when the larger-scale flow collapses. During this 10-h period, the stratified terrain-following flow is characterized by a three-layer structure, consisting of a thin surface boundary layer of a few metres depth on the valley floor, a deeper boundary layer corresponding to the larger-scale flow, and an intermediate transition layer with significant wind-directional shear and possible advection of lee turbulence that is generated even for the gentle topography of our study. The flow in the valley is often modulated by oscillations with a typical period of 10 min. Cold events with smaller turbulent intensity and duration of tens of minutes move through the observational domain throughout the terrain-following period. One of these events is examined in detail.

  15. Hidden Tales of the Bujang Valley

    OpenAIRE

    Maznah Wan Omar; Syakirah Mohammed; Razanawati Nordin; Alauyah Johari; Syazliyati Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    Legends thrive, but there is little tangible evidence about dozens of Malay kingdoms, which are said to have flourished long before the emergence of Melaka in the late 14th century. The Bujang Valley in South Kedah, for one, is Malaysia’s richest archaeological site. The valley is the guardian of countless hidden tales which are waiting to be unveiled. Here, the beliefs of the Malay ancestors were centred upon nature and the spirits which permeate every aspect of their lives. These beliefs ha...

  16. Measured compaction for 24 extensometers in the Central Valley

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital dataset contains the compaction data for 24 extensometers used for observations in the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM). The Central Valley...

  17. Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope System Theory of Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephan, George R.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this learning module is to enable learners to describe how the Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) system functions in support of Apple Valley Science and Technology Center's (AVSTC) client schools' radio astronomy activities.

  18. Evapotranspiration Input Data for the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital dataset contains monthly reference evapotranspiration (ETo) data for the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM). The Central Valley encompasses an...

  19. Is It Flu, or Is It Valley Fever?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160138.html Is It Flu, or Is It Valley Fever? Potentially fatal infection is found in ... often-overlooked infection, and about 160 die from it, the society says. "Valley fever is underdiagnosed in ...

  20. Spin and valley transports in junctions of Dirac fermions

    OpenAIRE

    Yokoyama, Takehito

    2014-01-01

    We study spin and valley transports in junctions composed of silicene and topological crystalline insulators. We consider normal/magnetic/normal Dirac metal junctions where a gate electrode is attached to the magnetic region. In normal/antiferromagnetic/normal silicene junction, we show that the current through this junction is valley and spin polarized due to the coupling between valley and spin degrees of freedom, and the valley and spin polarizations can be tuned by local application of a ...

  1. Desempenho produtivo de nespereiras enxertadas em marmeleiro 'Portugal' Yield performance of loquat trees grafted on quince cultivar Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pio

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o desempenho produtivo de cinco seleções de nespereiras enxertadas em marmeleiro e na própria nespereira. Foram utilizadas cinco seleções de nespereira: IAC 966-23, IAC 265-66, IAC 1467-25, Mizauto (IAC 167-4 e Mizumo (IAC 1567-411, enxertadas em estacas enraizadas de marmeleiro 'Portugal' (distribuídas no campo no espaçamento 4x2 m, densidade de 1.250 plantas ha-1 e em plântulas de nespereiras (em espaçamento 7x4 m, densidade de 357 plantas ha-1. O experimento foi conduzido no Município de Monte Alegre do Sul, SP. Nos três anos após o plantio das mudas no campo, avaliou-se a produção (quilograma e número de frutos por planta, massa média dos frutos (g e a produtividade (Mg ha-1. Calculou-se a média dos quatro anos consecutivos de produção. A seleção IAC 265-66 apresentou o melhor desempenho em porta-enxertos de marmeleiro e da própria nespereira. Apesar da menor produção, não houve diferença na produtividade entre os porta-enxertos do marmeleiro e da própria nespereira. O emprego de porta-enxertos de marmeleiro para nespereiras é uma opção para reduzir o porte e, conseqüentemente, facilitar tratos culturais.The objective of this work was to compare the performance of five loquat selections grafted on quince seedlings and on loquat seedlings. The following selections were assessed: IAC 966-23, IAC 265-66, IAC 1467-25, Mizauto (IAC 167-4 and Mizumo (IAC 1567-411. The selections were grafted in rooted cuttings of quince cultivar Portugal (planted at the field with an spacing of 4x2 m, corresponding to a density of 1,250 plants ha-1 and in loquat seedlings (planted at the field with an spacing of 7x4 m, corresponding to a density of 357 plants ha-1. The experiments were carried in Monte Alegre do Sul, SP, Brazil. Production (kg and number of the fruits per plant, fruit average mass (g and productivity (Mg ha-1, along three years of plantation at the field, were evaluated. After

  2. 36 CFR 7.26 - Death Valley National Monument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Death Valley National... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.26 Death Valley National Monument. (a) Mining. Mining in Death Valley National Monument is subject to the following regulations, which...

  3. Sign Plan : Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Minnesota Valley NWR Sign Plan explains how signs are used on the Refuge to help guide and educate visitors. An inventory of current signs is given as well as a...

  4. Potential hydrologic characterization wells in Amargosa Valley

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 500 domestic, agricultural, and monitoring wells were identified in the Amargosa Valley. From this list, 80 wells were identified as potential hydrologic characterization wells, in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Underground Test Area/Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (UGTA/RIFS). Previous hydrogeologic studies have shown that groundwater flow in the basin is complex and that aquifers may have little lateral continuity. Wells located more than 10 km or so from the Nevada Test Site (NTS) boundary may yield data that are difficult to correlate to sources from the NTS. Also, monitoring well locations should be chosen within the guidelines of a hydrologic conceptual model and monitoring plan. Since these do not exist at this time, recompletion recommendations will be restricted to wells relatively close (approximately 20 km) to the NTS boundary. Recompletion recommendations were made for two abandoned agricultural irrigation wells near the town of Amargosa Valley (previously Lathrop Wells), for two abandoned wildcat oil wells about 10 km southwest of Amargosa Valley, and for Test Well 5 (TW-5), about 10 km east of Amargosa Valley

  5. NNSS Soils Monitoring: Plutonium Valley (CAU 366)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Nevada Site Office (NSO), Environmental Restoration Soils Activity has authorized the Desert Research Institute (DRI) to conduct field assessments of potential sediment transport of contaminated soil from Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 366, Area 11 Plutonium Valley Dispersion Sites Contamination Area (CA) during precipitation runoff events.

  6. Why Girls Flock to Sweet Valley High.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntwork, Mary M.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the appeal of romance fiction for adolescent girls, particularly the "Sweet Valley High" series, and summarizes some research in the area. Topics addressed include reading preferences of teenage girls, sales and marketing of romances, literary criticisms, what readers gain from the books, and what constitutes good pleasure reading. (14…

  7. Geomorphological hazards in Swat valley, Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study attempts to describe, interpret and analyze, in depth, the varied geomorphological hazards and their impacts prevailing in the swat valley locate in the northern hilly and mountainous regions of Pakistan. The hills and mountains re zones of high geomorphological activity with rapid rates of weathering, active tectonic activities, abundant precipitation, rapid runoff and heavy sediment transport. Due to the varied topography, lithology, steep slope, erodible soil, heavy winter snowfall and intensive rainfall in the spring and summer seasons, several kinds of geomorphological hazards, such as geomorphic gravitational hazards, Fluvial hazards, Glacial hazards, Geo tectonic hazards, are occurring frequently in swat valley. Amongst them, geomorphic gravitational hazards, such as rock fall rock slide, debris slide mud flow avalanches, are major hazards in mountains and hills while fluvial hazards and sedimentation are mainly confined to the alluvial plain and lowlands of the valley. The Getechtonic hazards, on the other hand, have wide spread distribution in the valley the magnitude and occurrence of each king of hazard is thus, varied according to intensity of process and physical geographic environment. This paper discusses the type distribution and damage due to the various geomorphological hazards and their reduction treatments. The study would to be of particular importance and interest to both natural and social scientists, as well as planner, environmentalists and decision-makers for successful developmental interventions in the region. (author)

  8. Water Quality in Pleasant Valley, Utah

    OpenAIRE

    Clyde, Calvin G.; George, Dennis B.; Lee, Kun Mo; Pucel, Phil; Hay, William

    1981-01-01

    Pollution of shallow groundwater due to wastewater disposal in Pleasant Valley, Utah, was investigated from October 1979 through August 1980. Water samples were collected from 23 wells and 5 stream sampling sites. Water quality analysis revealed pollution at several sites. Groundwater pollution caused by man’s activities in the area was observed in Bolotas and Scofield Campsite subdivisions. Severe shallow groundw...

  9. Business plan Hatchery Facility Zambezi Valley, Mozambique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vernooij, A.G.; Wilschut, S.

    2015-01-01

    This business plan focuses on the establishment of a hatchery, one of the essential elements of a sustainable and profitable poultry meat value chain. There is a growing demand for poultry meat in the Zambezi Valley, and currently a large part of the consumed broilers comes from other parts of the c

  10. 27 CFR 9.50 - Temecula Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., photorevised 1973. (c) Boundary. The Temecula Valley viticultural area is located in Riverside County... the point where it converges with the Riverside County-San Diego County line. (3) The boundary follows the Riverside County-San Diego County line southwesterly, then southeasterly to the point where...

  11. Diagnostic approaches for Rift Valley Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    Disease outbreaks caused by arthropod-borne animal viruses (arboviruses) resulting in significant livestock and economic losses world-wide appear to be increasing. Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) is an important arbovirus that causes lethal disease in cattle, camels, sheep and goats in Sub-Saha...

  12. Babesiosis in Lower Hudson Valley, New York

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-05-12

    This podcast discusses a study about an increase in babesiosis in the Lower Hudson Valley of New York state. Dr. Julie Joseph, Assistant Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College, shares details of this study.  Created: 5/12/2011 by National Center for Emerging Zoonotic and Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 5/23/2011.

  13. Pumpernickel Valley Geothermal Project Thermal Gradient Wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Z. Adam Szybinski

    2006-01-01

    The Pumpernickel Valley geothermal project area is located near the eastern edge of the Sonoma Range and is positioned within the structurally complex Winnemucca fold and thrust belt of north-central Nevada. A series of approximately north-northeast-striking faults related to the Basin and Range tectonics are superimposed on the earlier structures within the project area, and are responsible for the final overall geometry and distribution of the pre-existing structural features on the property. Two of these faults, the Pumpernickel Valley fault and Edna Mountain fault, are range-bounding and display numerous characteristics typical of strike-slip fault systems. These characteristics, when combined with geophysical data from Shore (2005), indicate the presence of a pull-apart basin, formed within the releasing bend of the Pumpernickel Valley – Edna Mountain fault system. A substantial body of evidence exists, in the form of available geothermal, geological and geophysical information, to suggest that the property and the pull-apart basin host a structurally controlled, extensive geothermal field. The most evident manifestations of the geothermal activity in the valley are two areas with hot springs, seepages, and wet ground/vegetation anomalies near the Pumpernickel Valley fault, which indicate that the fault focuses the fluid up-flow. There has not been any geothermal production from the Pumpernickel Valley area, but it was the focus of a limited exploration effort by Magma Power Company. In 1974, the company drilled one exploration/temperature gradient borehole east of the Pumpernickel Valley fault and recorded a thermal gradient of 160oC/km. The 1982 temperature data from five unrelated mineral exploration holes to the north of the Magma well indicated geothermal gradients in a range from 66 to 249oC/km for wells west of the fault, and ~283oC/km in a well next to the fault. In 2005, Nevada Geothermal Power Company drilled four geothermal gradient wells, PVTG-1

  14. Anomalously Robust Valley Polarization and Valley Coherence in Bilayer WS2

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Bairen; Zeng, Hualing; Dai, Junfeng; Gong, Zhirui; Cui, Xiaodong

    2014-01-01

    Coherence of electronic states is crucial for quantum manipulation through light–matter interactions. To achieve coherence in conventional solid-state systems, extreme conditions such as cryogenic temperatures are required, which is a long-term challenge for practical applications. The emerging atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides provide an unprecedented platform to explore the interplay of quantum states of spin and valley. In this paper, we demonstrate room-temperature valley c...

  15. Erosion of steepland valleys by debris flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, J.D.; Dietrich, W.E.

    2006-01-01

    Episodic debris flows scour the rock beds of many steepland valleys. Along recent debris-flow runout paths in the western United States, we have observed evidence for bedrock lowering, primarily by the impact of large particles entrained in debris flows. This evidence may persist to the point at which debris-flow deposition occurs, commonly at slopes of less than ???0.03-0.10. We find that debris-flow-scoured valleys have a topographic signature that is fundamentally different from that predicted by bedrock river-incision models. Much of this difference results from the fact that local valley slope shows a tendency to decrease abruptly downstream of tributaries that contribute throughgoing debris flows. The degree of weathering of valley floor bedrock may also decrease abruptly downstream of such junctions. On the basis of these observations, we hypothesize that valley slope is adjusted to the long-term frequency of debris flows, and that valleys scoured by debris flows should not be modeled using conventional bedrock river-incision laws. We use field observations to justify one possible debris-flow incision model, whose lowering rate is proportional to the integral of solid inertial normal stresses from particle impacts along the flow and the number of upvalley debris-flow sources. The model predicts that increases in incision rate caused by increases in flow event frequency and length (as flows gain material) downvalley are balanced by rate reductions from reduced inertial normal stress at lower slopes, and stronger, less weathered bedrock. These adjustments lead to a spatially uniform lowering rate. Although the proposed expression leads to equilibrium long-profiles with the correct topographic signature, the crudeness with which the debris-flow dynamics are parameterized reveals that we are far from a validated debris-flow incision law. However, the vast extent of steepland valley networks above slopes of ???0.03-0.10 illustrates the need to understand debris

  16. European Social Fund in Portugal: A Complex Question for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tome, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to review the application of the funds awarded by the European Social Fund (ESF) to Portugal, since 1986, from a human resource development (HRD) perspective. Design/methodology/approach: Several variables are analyzed: investment, absorption, people, impact of investment, evolution of skills, main programs, supply and…

  17. Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Portugal: Prevalence, Clinical Characterization, and Medical Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Guiomar; Ataide, Assuncao; Marques, Carla; Miguel, Teresa S.; Coutinho, Ana Margarida; Mota-Vieira, Luisa; Goncalves, Esmeralda; Lopes, Nazare Mendes; Rodrigues, Vitor; Carmona da Mota, Henrique; Vicente, Astrid Moura

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and identify its clinical characterization, and medical conditions in a paediatric population in Portugal. A school survey was conducted in elementary schools, targeting 332 808 school-aged children in the mainland and 10 910 in the Azores islands.…

  18. Teacher Professionalisation and Professionalism in Portugal and Brazil: What Do the Policy Documents Tell?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Maria Assuncao; Shiroma, Enida

    2003-01-01

    Examines teacher education policy in Portugal and Brazil over the past decade, discussing implications for teacher professionalization and professionalism; identifying the emergence of competing discourses arising from policy texts and other formal documents; and asserting that the intertwined concepts of professionalization and professionalism,…

  19. The Democratisation of Access and Success in Higher Education: The Case of Portugal and Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Diana; Marinho-Araujo, Claisy; Almeida, Leandro; Amaral, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Given that higher education systems everywhere have opened to the masses, this paper analyses to what extent this phenomenon has really been accompanied by an effective democratisation of access and success in Portugal and Brazil. It looks at the expansion of higher education and discusses how the political system and higher education institutions…

  20. Vidrios romanos de Bracara Augusta (Portugal): análisis arqueométrico

    OpenAIRE

    García Giménez, Rosario; Petit-Domínguez, María Dolores; Soto García, Isabel Sonsoles de; Rucandio, M. I.

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se han estudiado vidrios romanos de Bracara Augusta, actualmente Braga (Portugal), a través de su composición química, analizando los constituyentes mayoritarios, minoritarios y traza mediante espectrometría de plasma-masas (ICPMS). Lo

  1. Teaching Writing to Middle School Students in Portugal and in Brazil: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga Simão, Ana Margarida; Malpique, Anabela Abreu; Frison, Lourdes Maria Bragagnolo; Marques, André

    2016-01-01

    Learning how to write is a challenging process, typically developed in schools. Teachers' practices in teaching writing, however, have been under researched. The aim of this study was to survey a sample of teachers from Portugal (n = 96) and Brazil (n = 99) about their practices for and perceptions about writing instruction. Teachers reported on…

  2. The dynamics of cork oak systems in Portugal: the role of ecological and land use factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Acácio, V.C.

    2009-01-01

    Vegetation degradation and desertification occur in many semiarid ecosystems worldwide, particularly in the Western Mediterranean Basin. A peculiar semiarid Mediterranean land use system dominates the landscape of southern Portugal where cork oak (Quercus suber) is the main tree species. This system

  3. Português do Brasil e português de Portugal: diferenças

    OpenAIRE

    Ermínio Rodrigues

    2001-01-01

    Analisamos, a partir da última reimpressão do dicionário de Collins — Portuguese- English, English-Portuguese Dictionary —, algumas diferenças, principalmente lexicais, entre o Português do Brasil e o Português de Portugal.

  4. Lessons Learnt from a Secondary School Sex Education Program in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Ana Paula; Soares, Isabel; Vilar, Duarte

    2007-01-01

    Based on a developmental framework, a study was conducted in Portugal in two groups of youth in terms of relevant aspects related to adolescent psychosexual development: one group participated in an Experimental Project of Sex Education and Health Promotion during high school, whereas the other did not receive any formal sex education in school.…

  5. The effects of changes to estuarine hydrology on system phosphorous retention capacity: The Mondego estuary, Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lillebo, A. I.; Otero, M.; Coelho, J. P.;

    2012-01-01

    The Mondego estuary is a mainly polyhaline estuary in central Portugal in which eutrophication increased during the last decades of the 20th century. In 1998 the system hydrology was changed, aiming to reverse the eutrophication process. A long environmental monitoring database showed that the me...

  6. España y Portugal durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    OpenAIRE

    Sacristán Lucas, Esther; Gómez de las Heras Hernández, María Soledad

    1989-01-01

    Cuando las relaciones internacionales entran en franco deterioro en el escenario europeo, el entendimiento político entre España y Portugal presentaba a la Península Ibérica como un bloque relativamente unido ante la conflagración mundial. La pol�

  7. Landscape change and fire hazard in a mountainous area in northeastern Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, César; Castro, João Paulo; Loureiro, Carlos; Azevedo, João

    2008-01-01

    Human abandonment in Mediterranean regions of Europe has led to vegetation encroachment and landscape homogenization reducing biodiversity and favoring the occurrence of wild fires. In Portugal, landscape changes driven by human abandonment were not observed until the late twentieth century. The full extent of these recent changes and their economic, social ...

  8. Notes on Bolboschoenus glaucus, a new species to the flora of Portugal

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hroudová, Zdenka; Zákravský, Petr; Jarolímová, Vlasta

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 22, 1-4 (2007), s. 211-220. ISSN 0874-9035 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA6005905 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : taxonomy * flora of Portugal * weeds Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  9. Characterization of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars from northern Portugal using RAPD and microsatellite markers

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto-Carnide, Olinda; MARTÍN, JUAN PEDRO; Leal, Fernanda; Castro, Isaura; Guedes-Pinto, Henrique; Oriz, Jesús María

    2003-01-01

    Twelve grapevine cultivars from northern Portugal were characterized with RAPD and microsatellites. Nine primers were used in the RAPD analysis; 8 of the varieties showed monotypic patterns. With the 6 microsatellite loci a total of 38 alleles was obtained. Relationships among the studied varieties were observed. Both types of molecular markers have proved useful for identification. Existence of synonymies is discussed.

  10. Emergy analysis of a silvo-pastoral system, a case study in southern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system known as Montado, in Portugal, is a complex land use system composed of an open tree stratum in various densities and an herbaceous layer, used for livestock grazing. Livestock also profit from the acorns, and the grazing contributes to avo...

  11. New finds of stegosaur tracks from the Upper Jurassic Lourinhã formation, Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mateus, Octavio; Milàn, Jesper; Romano, Michael;

    2011-01-01

    Eleven new tracks from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal are described and attributed to the stegosaurian ichnogenus Deltapodus. One track exhibits exceptionally well−preserved impressions of skin on the plantar surface, showing the stegosaur foot to be covered by closely spaced skin tubercles of ca...

  12. Mathematics Diagnostic Testing in Engineering: An International Comparison between Ireland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, M.; Fidalgo, C.; Bigotte de Almeida, M. E.; Branco, J. R.; Santos, V.; Murphy, E.; Ní Fhloinn, E.

    2015-01-01

    Concern has been expressed throughout Europe about the significant deficiencies in the basic mathematical skills of many engineering undergraduates. Mathematics diagnostic tests in the UK, Ireland and Portugal have shown these shortcomings, which provide a challenge to those striving to introduce more innovative educational practices into…

  13. Reinterpreting Lifelong Learning: Meanings of Adult Education Policy in Portugal, 1999-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimaraes, Paula

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses Portugal's adult education policy between 1999 and 2010. Our empirical material consists of Portuguese as well as supranational policy documents. We use a theoretical framework which distinguishes three models of public policy, with different views on the roles of public policy and of education: (1) participative…

  14. Career Adapt-Abilities Scale--Portugal Form: Psychometric Properties and Relationships to Employment Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, M. Eduarda; Soares, M. C.; Fraga, S.; Rafael, M.; Lima, M. R.; Paredes, I.; Agostinho, R.; Djalo, A.

    2012-01-01

    The Career-Adaptabilities Scale (CAAS)--Portugal Form consists of four scales, each with seven items, which measure concern, control, curiosity, and confidence as psychosocial resources for managing occupational transitions, developmental tasks, and work traumas. Internal consistency estimates for the subscale and total scores ranged from good to…

  15. Two new Tegenaria species (Araneae: Agelenidae) from Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolzern, Angelo; Crespo, Luís; Bondoso Cardoso, Pedro Miguel

    2009-01-01

    The genera complex Tegenaria/Malthonica is a problematic spider group of the family Agelenidae. Besides taxonomical problems, new European species are described on a regular basis. Here two species from Portugal, Tegenaria barrientosi sp. n. and Tegenaria incognita sp. n., are described. Both...

  16. Järgmine Iirimaa on Portugal / Soe-Surén, Katri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe-Surén, Katri

    2010-01-01

    Ekspertide hinnangul on Portugal järgmine riik, mis vajab finantsabi. Portugali jooksevkonto defitsiit on sel aastal üle 10% SKT-st, Iirimaal 0,3%. Portugali majandustoodang langeb 2011. a., Iirimaal aga peaks majandus kasvama 1,5%

  17. Early Childhood Intervention in Portugal: An Overview Based on the Developmental Systems Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Ana Isabel; Grande, Catarina; Aguiar, Cecilia; de Almeida, Isabel Chaves; Felgueiras, Isabel; Pimentel, Julia Serpa; Serrano, Ana Maria; Carvalho, Leonor; Brandao, Maria Teresa; Boavida, Tania; Santos, Paula; Lopes-dos-Santos, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Research studies on early childhood intervention (ECI) in Portugal are diffuse regarding both program components and the geographical area under scrutiny. Since the 1990s, a growing body of knowledge and evidence in ECI is being gathered, based on postgraduate teaching, in-service training, and research. This article draws on the systems theory…

  18. Glycaemic threshold for diabetes-specific retinopathy among individuals from Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almdal, Thomas Peter; Handlos, Line Neerup; Vistisen, Dorte;

    2014-01-01

    We studied the glycaemic threshold and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in screen-detected diabetes in Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Portugal. The prevalence of diabetes-specific retinopathy started to increase at an HbA1c level of 6-6.4% and in individuals with HbA1c >7.0% the prevalence was 6.0%....

  19. Construction and Modification of the Autonomy of School Mathematical Knowledge in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, José Manuel

    2016-01-01

    During the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the discipline of secondary mathematics was gradually built in Portugal and certified teachers, textbooks, programs, special teaching techniques emerge. This consolidation process ends with the emergency of school subjects that develop some kind of autonomy as Chervel…

  20. Associations between Early Family Risk, Children's Behavioral Regulation, and Academic Achievement in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana M.; McClelland, Megan; Peixoto, Carla

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examined concurrent associations between family sociodemographic risk, self-regulation, and early literacy and mathematics in young children from Azores, Portugal (N = 186). Family sociodemographic risk was indexed by low maternal education, low family income, and low occupational status. Behavioral aspects of…

  1. The Induction and Mentoring of New Teachers in Portugal: Contradictions, Needs and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Maria Assuncao; Ferreira, Fernando Ilidio

    2009-01-01

    In this article, policy and research on teacher induction in Portugal are examined. The lack of a formal induction system (despite recognition of its relevance in legal policy documents) and the mismatch between national regulations and practice are also discussed. The authors argue the need for a coherent and sustained induction and support…

  2. Higher Education Distance Learning in Portugal--State of the Art and Current Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Abrar; Laaser, Wolfram

    2010-01-01

    The paper is based on a recent report given to the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education on "Reforming Higher Education Distance Learning in Portugal" (Hasan et. al. 2009). The report was grounded on on-site visits of leading Portuguese Universities, Polytechnics and Business Schools as well as on written statements of…

  3. Education and Gender Wage Differentials in Portugal: What Can We Learn from an Age Cohort Analysis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Pilar; Santos, Luis Delfim; Santos, Maria Clementina

    2009-01-01

    Important changes characterize the recent evolution of the schooling of workers in Portugal. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the consequences of those changes in the gender wage gap. In particular, we analyze and compare the way that this process has evolved in the groups of young workers and older workers. Our findings suggest that…

  4. Portugal: planners turn to gas in bid to cut high oil import bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The introduction of natural gas into Portugal is traced, and the planned liquid natural gas terminal and regional distribution networks are discussed. The planned end of the electricity industry's monopoly of power generation is noted, and access to Spanish gas as well as Norwegian and Soviet supplies is briefly reviewed. (UK)

  5. Geothermal modeling along a two-dimensional crustal profile in Southern Portugal

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Correia, A.; Šafanda, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 34, č. 1 (2002), s. 47-61. ISSN 0264-3707. [Geothermics at the turn of the century. Evora, 03.04.2000-07.04.2000] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z3012916 Keywords : geothermal modeling * Southern Portugal * surface heat flow * crustal profile Subject RIV: DC - Siesmology, Volcanology, Earth Structure Impact factor: 1.058, year: 2002

  6. THE TOURISM POTENTIAL OF NORTHERN PORTUGAL AND ITS RELEVANCE FOR A REGIONAL BRANDING STRATEGY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliveira, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore a potential regional branding strategy for the northern part of Portugal, emphasizing the regional tourism potential. Furthermore, it aims to clarify the answers of the following research questions: i) is tourism a strategic domain with the potential to inte

  7. Low seroprevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in cats from northern Portugal based on DAT and ELISA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Cardoso; A.P. Lopes; K. Sherry; H. Schallig; L. Solano-Gallego

    2010-01-01

    Cats have been considered playing a role in the epidemiology of leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum, an endemic zoonosis in countries of the Mediterranean basin. The present study assessed the prevalence of antibodies to L infantum in 316 domestic cats from northern Portugal, by means of the

  8. Prevalence of antibodies to Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii in horses from the north of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii are protozoa with zoonotic and economic importance. Prevalences of antibodies to these agents were assessed in 173 horses from the north of Portugal. Findings Antibodies to L. infantum were detected by the direct agglutination test (DAT); seven (...

  9. School Effectiveness Research Findings in the Portuguese Speaking Countries: Brazil and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrão, Maria Eugénia

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides findings of research on school effectiveness and discusses implications for evaluation in Brazil and Portugal. Most findings reported over the last decade have been published in Brazilian or Portuguese refereed journals. Thus, a brief literature review of such studies enables that knowledge to reach international scholars and…

  10. Re-investigating the electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the previous decades, a number of studies have been conducted to analyse the causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in the Portuguese economy. However, the evidence remains controversial because the previous studies do not provide clear causality evidence. This might be attributed to the omitted variables bias because most previous studies only focus on the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in a bi-variate model. This paper attempts to re-investigate the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in Portugal using a multivariate model. Based on the bounds testing approach to cointegration and the Granger causality test within the vector error-correction model (VECM), our empirical results confirm the presence of cointegration among the variables. Moreover, there is evidence of bi-directional causality between electricity consumption and economic growth in the short- and long-run. This suggests that energy is an important source of economic growth in Portugal. Therefore, energy conservation policies should not be implemented because it would deteriorate the process of economic growth and development of the Portuguese economy. - Highlights: • Electricity consumption and economic growth series in Portugal are cointegrated. • There is evidence of feedback effects between the two variables. • Energy is an important source of economic growth in Portugal

  11. Gravity and magnetic modeling of granitic bodies in Central Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machadinho, Ana; Figueiredo, Fernando; Pereira, Alcides

    2015-04-01

    A better understanding of the subsurface geometry of the granitic bodies in Central Portugal is the main goal of this work. The results are also relevant for the assessment of the geothermal potential of the same region. The study area is located in the Central Iberian Zone where the Beiras granite batholith outcrops. These variscan granitoids were emplaced into the "Complexo Xisto-Grauváquico" (CXG), a thick and monotonous megasequences of metapelites and metagreywackes. This metasedimentary sequence is affected by the Variscan deformation phases and a late Proterozoic to Cambrian age has been generally assumed for this rocks. The granitoids in the region are attributed to the magmatic activity associated to the post-collisional stages of the Variscan orogeny during the D3 stage. The granitic bodies in the study area are considered syn-D3 and late to post-D3. To achieve the goal of the research, magnetic and gravimetric surveys where performed in order to obtain the Bouguer and magnetic anomalies. All the standard corrections were applied to the gravimetric and magnetic data. Considering and integrating all the available geological data and physical proprieties (density and magnetic susceptibility) the mentioned potential fields were simultaneously modeled. In this way it was possible to characterize the subsurface geometry of the granitic bodies in the studied region. The modeling results show that the regional tectonic setting controls the geometry of the granitic bodies as well as the structure of the host CXG metasedimentary sequence. Through the modeling of the potential field the overall geometry, average and maximum depths of the granitic bodies in the study area was obtained. Some late to post-D3 plutons outcrop in spatial continuity and as they have similar ages, a common feeding zone is assumed as the most likely scenario. The sin-D3 pluton is more abrupt and vertical, suggesting the presence of a fault contact with the late-D3 pluton. According to the

  12. Ground Penetrating Radar technique for railway track characterization in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Chiara, Francesca; Fontul, Simona; Fortunato, Eduardo; D'Andrea, Antonio

    2013-04-01

    Maintenance actions are significant for transport infrastructures but, today, costs have to be necessary limited. A proper quality control since the construction phase is a key factor for a long life cycle and for a good economy policy. For this reason, suitable techniques have to be chosen and non-destructive tests represent an efficient solution, as they allow to evaluate infrastructure characteristics in a continuous or quasi-continuous way, saving time and costs, enabling to make changes if tests results do not comply with the project requirements. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a quick and effective technique to evaluate infrastructure condition in a continuous manner, replacing or reducing the use of traditional drilling method. GPR application to railways infrastructures, during construction and monitoring phase, is relatively recent. It is based on the measuring of layers thicknesses and detection of structural changes. It also enables the assessment of materials properties that constitute the infrastructure and the evaluation of the different types of defects such as ballast pockets, fouled ballast, poor drainage, subgrade settlement and transitions problems. These deteriorations are generally the causes of vertical deviations in track geometry and they cannot be detected by the common monitoring procedures, namely the measurements of track geometry. Moreover, the development of new GPR systems with higher antenna frequencies, better data acquisition systems, more user friendly software and new algorithms for calculation of materials properties can lead to a regular use of GPR. Therefore, it represents a reliable technique to assess track geometry problems and consequently to improve maintenance planning. In Portugal, rail inspection is performed with Plasser & Theurer EM120 equipment and recently 400 MHz IDS antennas were installed on it. GPR tests were performed on the Portuguese rail network and, as case study in this paper, a renewed track was

  13. Palaeoseismology of the Vilariça segment of the Manteigas-Bragança fault in northeastern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rockwell, Thomas; Fonseca, Joao; Madden, Chris; Dawson, Tim; Owen, Lewis A.; Vilanova, Susana; Figueiredo, Paula

    2009-01-01

    The Manteigas-Bragança fault is a major, 250-km-long, NNE-striking, sinistral strike-slip structure in northern Portugal. This fault has no historical seismicity for large earthquakes, although it may have generated moderate (M5+) earthquakes in 1751 and 1858. Evidence of continued left horizontal displacement is shown by the presence of Cenozoic pull-apart basins as well as late Quaternary stream deflections. To investigate its recent slip history, a number of trenches were excavated at three sites along the Vilariça segment, north and south of the Douro River. At one site at Vale Meão winery, the occurrence of at least two and probably three events in the past 14.5 ka was determined, suggesting an average return period of about 5–7 ka. All three events appear to have occurred as a cluster in the interval between 14.5 and 11 ka, or shortly thereafter, suggesting a return period of less than 2 ka between events within the cluster. In the same area, a small offset rill suggests 2–2.5 m of slip in the most recent event and about 6.1 m after incision below a c. 16 ka alluvial fill event along the Douro River. At another site along the Vilariça River alluvial plain, NE of the Vale Meão site, several trenches were excavated in late Pleistocene and Holocene alluvium, and exposed the fault displacing channel deposits dated to between 18 and 23 ka. In a succession of closely spaced parallel cuts and trenches, the channel riser was traced into and across the fault to resolve c. 6.5 m of displacement after 18 ka and c. 9 m of slip after c. 23 ka. These observations yield a slip rate of 0.3–0.5 mm/a, which is consistent with earlier estimates. Combining the information on timing at Vale Meão winery and displacement at Vilariça argues for earthquakes in the M7+ range, with coseismic displacements of 2–3 m. This demonstrates that there are potential seismic sources in Portugal that are not associated with the 1755 Lisbon earthquake or the Tagus Valley, and

  14. Cuidados Paliativos Neonatais e Pediátricos para Portugal- Um desafio para o século XXI

    OpenAIRE

    MENDES, Joana; Justo da Silva, Lincoln; Santos, Maria João

    2013-01-01

    Cuidados Paliativos Neonatais e Pediátricos para Portugal- Um desafio para o século XXINeonatal and Pediatric Palliative Care for Portugal- a challenge for the XXI centuryResumoDesde 2004, os Cuidados Paliativos tem merecido uma atenção crescente no Programa Nacional de Saúde em Portugal. Ainda assim, os programas para as crianças e suas famílias, contemplando as suas necessidades específicas, continuam escassos, fragmentados e inconsistentes, disponíveis maioritariamente para doentes do foro...

  15. Electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Portugal using cointegration and causality approaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal using the cointegration and Granger causality frameworks. This study covers the sample period from 1971 to 2009. We examine the presence of a long-run equilibrium relationship using the bounds testing approach to cointegration within the Unrestricted Error-Correction Model (UECM). Moreover, we examine the direction of causality between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal using the Granger causality test within the Vector Error-Correction Model (VECM). As a summary of the empirical findings, we find that electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal are cointegrated and there is bi-directional Granger causality between the three variables in the long-run. With the exception of the Granger causality between electricity consumption and economic growth, the rest of the variables are also bi-directional Granger causality in the short-run. Furthermore, we find that there is unidirectional Granger causality running from economic growth to electricity consumption, but no evidence of reversal causality. - Highlights: → We re-examine the relationship between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal. → The electricity consumption and economic growth is causing each other in the long-run. → In the short-run, economic growth Granger-cause electricity consumption, but no evidence of reversal causality. → Energy conservation policy will deteriorate the process of economic growth in the long-run. → Portugal should increase investment on R and D to design new energy savings technology.

  16. Direct measurement of exciton valley coherence in monolayer WSe2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Kai; Moody, Galan; Wu, Fengcheng; Dass, Chandriker Kavir; Xu, Lixiang; Chen, Chang-Hsiao; Sun, Liuyang; Li, Ming-Yang; Li, Lain-Jong; MacDonald, Allan H.; Li, Xiaoqin

    2016-07-01

    In crystals, energy band extrema in momentum space can be identified by a valley index. The internal quantum degree of freedom associated with valley pseudospin indices can act as a useful information carrier, analogous to electronic charge or spin. Interest in valleytronics has been revived in recent years following the discovery of atomically thin materials such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides. However, the valley coherence time--a crucial quantity for valley pseudospin manipulation--is difficult to directly probe. In this work, we use two-dimensional coherent spectroscopy to resonantly generate and detect valley coherence of excitons (Coulomb-bound electron-hole pairs) in monolayer WSe2 (refs ,). The imposed valley coherence persists for approximately one hundred femtoseconds. We propose that the electron-hole exchange interaction provides an important decoherence mechanism in addition to exciton population recombination. This work provides critical insight into the requirements and strategies for optical manipulation of the valley pseudospin for future valleytronics applications.

  17. Valley-selective optical Stark effect in monolayer WS2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedik, Nuh

    Monolayer semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have a pair of valleys that, by time-reversal symmetry, are energetically degenerate. Lifting the valley degeneracy in these materials is of great interest because it would allow for valley specific band engineering and offer additional control in valleytronic applications. In this talk, I will show that circularly polarized light, which breaks time-reversal symmetry, can be used to lift the valley degeneracy by means of the optical Stark effect. We demonstrate that this effect is capable of raising the exciton level in monolayer TMD WS2 by as much as 18 meV in a controllable valley-selective manner. The resulting energy shift is extremely large, comparable to the shift that would be obtained using a very high magnetic field (approximately 100 Tesla). These results offer a novel way to control valley degree of freedom, and may provide a means to realize new valley-selective Floquet topological state of matter.

  18. The Afrotropical Miomantis caffra Saussure 1871 and M. paykullii Stal 1871: first records of alien mantid species in Portugal and Europe, with an updated checklist of Mantodea in Portugal (Insecta: Mantodea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Marabuto

    2014-11-01

    In the absence of recent revisionary work on the Mantodea of Portugal and given the need to provide an accessible identification tool, both a checklist and a key to species are provided for all species in the country.

  19. Valley depolarization dynamics and valley Hall effect of excitons in monolayer and bilayer MoS2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, T.; Wu, M. W.

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the valley depolarization dynamics and valley Hall effect of exciton due to the electron-hole exchange interaction in mono- and bilayer MoS2 by solving the kinetic spin Bloch equations. The effect of the exciton energy spectra by the electron-hole exchange interaction is explicitly considered. For the valley depolarization dynamics, in the monolayer MoS2, it is found that in the strong scattering regime, the conventional motional narrowing picture in the conventional strong scattering regime is no longer valid, and a novel valley depolarization channel is opened. For the valley Hall effect of exciton, in both the mono- and bilayer MoS2, with the exciton equally pumped in the K and K' valleys, the system can evolve into the equilibrium state where the valley polarization is parallel to the effective magnetic field due to the exchange interaction. With the drift of this equilibrium state by applied uniaxial strain, the exchange interaction can induce the momentum-dependent valley/photoluminesence polarization, which leads to the valley/photoluminesence Hall current. Specifically, the disorder strength dependence of the valley Hall conductivity is revealed. In the strong scattering regime, the valley Hall conductivity decreases with the increase of the disorder strength; whereas in the weak scattering regime, it saturates to a constant, which can be much larger than the one in Fermi system due to the absence of the Pauli blocking.

  20. Bedforms and sediment distribution in the Minho estuary (Northern Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, Henrique

    2010-05-01

    Here are presented preliminary results of the MINHO09 cruise, carried out within the scope of the paleoclimatic research task of the MINHO project (PROYECTO 0234_NATURA_MIÑO_MINHO). Bed features and sediment distribution were mapped in the Minho estuary (Northern Portugal) using a dual frequency sidescan sonar mosaic (EdgeTech 4200-MP), and bottom sediment texture data from 71 sites sampled with a winch operated sediment grab (Van Veen type). The survey was done within 5 days, in low flow energy conditions of summer dry weather and neap tides, close to optimal conditions for correlating the acoustic imagery with the bottom sediment data. A DGPS (Omnistar 8200HP) was used to determine the horizontal position of the acoustic imagery and the sediment sample sites with sub-meter accuracy. Uncorrected water depths were determined with a depth echo-sounder (Odom HYDROTRAC echo sounder), and the water depths referred to the local datum was later determined using data from a tidal gauge (Valeport model 740) deployed specifically for this survey. Overall the sampled sediments were mostly poorly calibrated, with grain sizes ranging from gravel to mud coexisting in the same sample, probably reflecting the great seasonal contrast in flow conditions in the Minho River. The predominantly muddy sediments were observed along the river margins (frequently charged with gas) and, locally, along relatively deeper portions of the channel bed. The bedforms observed in the sidescan sonar data are dominated by 2D and 3D dunes and ripples. There are several locations were the bedforms suddenly change from larger dunes (wave lengths greater than 5m) to smaller ripples (wave lengths smaller than 1m). These changes may be related to the occurrence of supercritical flow conditions (Froude number > 1): hydraulic jumps in places were there is a sudden change in depth without any change in channel width, or chutes and pools in places were there is a sudden change in channel width; future work is