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Sample records for catolicismo social porvenir

  1. Catolicismo social: porvenir de una tradición en crisis

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    Eduardo Silva

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Como cierre prospectivo de un coloquio dedicado al catolicismo social, este artículo reconoce, en su primera parte, la crisis del discurso social de la Iglesia. Crisis no solo actual, sino también en el origen e historia de una tradición que se estima es uno de los antecedentes de la renovación conciliar, que en su diálogo con el mundo invita a la entrada del tiempo en la teología y en la ética. El porvenir de esta tradición en crisis requiere del recurso a la razón filosófica y a la realidad histórica. Por ello en la segunda parte se recogen los aportes de la filosofía política de Paúl Ricoeury de Charles Taylor en tres asuntos claves: lo bueno respecto de lo justo, el holismo frente al atomismo, los derechos colectivos frente a la exclusividad de los derechos individuales. Finalmente, en la tercera parte recogiendo su legado y estos debates filosóficos se reflexiona sobre el aporte del catolicismo social latinoamericano a un continente en el que los procesos de mercantilización, despolitización e individualismo, que acompañan esta modernidad tardía globalizada, amenazan con la disolución de nuestras comunidades históricas en sociedades sin atributos y sin identidad cultural. Las tradiciones vivas del continente, seculares y religiosas, y entre ellas el catolicismo, son el mayor recurso para enfrentar este desafío que suma a la cuestión social el de la cuestión liberal.As a closing perspective at a colloquium dedicated to Social Catholicism, this article recognizes, in the first section, the crisis in the social discourse of the Church. This crisis is not exclusively a present reality, but is also found in the origins and history of a tradition that is considered to be one of the precedents to conciliar renewal, which in its dialogue with the world invites modern times into theology and ethics. The future of this tradition in crisis demands recourse to philosophical reason and historical reality. So, in the second part

  2. Catolicismo social, mutualismo y revolución en Chihuahua

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    Pedro Salmerón Sanginés

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo muestra una de las fuentes de la Revolución Mexicana más defectuosamente conocidas -el catolicismo social- y su concatenación con el movimiento encabezado por Francisco Villa, sus demandas obreras y políticas y sus modelos de gobierno, mediante la figura de varios dirigentes entre los que destaca Silvestre Terrazas Enríquez. Asimismo destaca el trabajo de organización de las sociedades mutualistas obreras y de la prensa de posición católica, durante el Porfiriato, con la revolución en Chihuahua.This article shows one of the most misunderstood sources of the Mexican Revolution, social catholicism and its link with the movement led by Francisco Villa, its workers' and political demands and models of government, through the figure of various leaders, particularly Silvestre Terrazas Enríquez, and the organizational work of workers' mutual societies and the catholic press during the Porfiriato with the revolution in Chihuahua.

  3. La educación del obrero: los inicios del catolicismo social en Valencia

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    Cándido RUIZ RODRIGO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Dejando al margen, porque no forma parte de nuestro objetivo, la polémica acerca de la denominación del movimiento que nos ocupa (socialismo católico, catolicismo social, acción social-católica, etc., pretendemos detectar cuál ha sido su respuesta en el contexto de las acciones dirigidas a la redención de las clases populares, así como a su emancipación tanto económica y política como intelectual y moral.

  4. Madres sociales de la aldea: la maestra española durante el nacional-catolicismo

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    Sonsoles San Román Gago

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mi objetivo es señalar cómo asumen la evolución de modelos culturales dos espacios histórico-generacionales de maestras formadas antes y después de la Guerra Civil que ejercen durante el nacional-catolicismo en escuelas públicas de aldeas rurales. Quiero situar el artículo en un marco que permita comprender formación de identidades desde la perspectiva del cambio social y la asimilación a los modelos culturales. Entiendo que para esas maestras los inicios en su profesión son claves para comprender en qué medida cambios sociales y modelos educativos moldean identidades por sesgo generacional. Me propongo captar identidades de género para indagar su función regeneracionista como madres sociales de la aldea. He seleccionado para ello dos diarios de maestras representativas en dos periodos históricos. La metodología cualitativa ha sido utilizada para comprender la construcción social de las identidades de la maestra a través del análisis del texto escrito y poder así contextualizar el significado del cambio social con el análisis de su propio discurso, el texto escrito. Mis hipótesis son: 1 el momento en que empiezan a ejercer es importante para comprender cómo asumen la evolución de los modelos culturales; 2 la forma en que han asimilado las fases históricas del nacional-catolicismo en aldeas rurales moldea sus estructuras psicológicas; 3 la adaptación a la cultura de las aldeas va produciendo identidades sociales y de género. He llegado a las siguientes conclusiones: 1 la maestra es una pieza clave para comprender la evolución de los modelos culturales; 2 conocer lo que quieren recordar o silenciar permite captar el modo en que han asumido o rechazado los modelos ideológicos del nacional-catolicismo; 3 el sentido que dan a lo vivido va señalando significantes que permiten comprender el modo en que han socializado a las siguientes generaciones.

  5. Algunas tendencias del catolicismo social en Chile: reflexiones desde la historia

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    ANDREA BOTTO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo queremos proponer una mirada diferente a lo que se ha entendido de la relación entre catolicismo social y los grupos que lo han sustentado. En la década de 1930, por diversos motivos, surgieron desde una especial generación de jóvenes católicos chilenos vinculados al conservadurismo, diferentes grupos que interpretaron a su manera cómo llevar a la práctica las doctrinas sociales dictadas desde Roma. Esas diferentes interpretaciones generaron una división profunda en el catolicismo chileno, que trascendió hasta el mundo de la política y generaron profundos resentimientos que subsistieron por varias décadas. Se propone aquí un recorrido sobre esas posiciones que nos servirá para entender parte del proceso que ha vivido el catolicismo nacional en el siglo XX, y para comprender el origen de algunas posturas que continúan vigentes en aquel espectro católico vinculado a posturas más tradicionales y conservadoras.In this essay, the author proposes a different perspective on what has been understood up to now regarding the relationship between Social Catholicism and the groups that have sustained it. In the decade of the 1930s, for diverse motives, different groups emerged from a special generation of young Chilean Catholics linked to a hard-line conservatism. These groups interpreted in their own ways how to put into practice the social doctrines dictated by Rome. Those different interpretations generated a deep división within Chilean Catholicism which transcended into the world of politics and generated deep resentments that subsisted for several decades. A review of those positions is proposed here, serving to help us understand part of the process that national Catholicism lived out in the 20th century, and comprehend the origin of some positions that are still current in that Catholic spectrum linked to more traditional and conservative postures.

  6. El primer catolicismo social en España. Estado de la cuestión

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    Feliciano MONTERO GARCÍA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Desde que, recientemente, la historia del catolicismo social ocupa a la historiografía española, la atención se ha centrado preferentemente en el momento de máxima expansión y cristalización del movimiento, aproximadamente desde la primera guerra mundial hasta la guerra civil española. La maduración, en esta época, del sindicalismo católico, tanto rural como urbano, y las polémicas consiguientes sobre su neutrahdad, confesionalidad y amarillismo atrajeron especialmente la atención de los historiadores. Por otro lado, dentro de la dificultad general que presenta este tipo de estudios por la gran dispersión de las fuentes, la dificultad era mucho mayor si se pretendía reconstruir la primera etapa: la de los Círculos y las primeras Semanas Sociales, pues a la! dispersión había que añadir la ausencia aún de unas organizaciones suficientemente asentadas, y la escasez de pubUcaciones periódicas específicamente católico-sociales.

  7. Catolicismo social: su influencia en la ciencia y el pensamiento económicos españoles

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    Begoña Pérez Calle

    2015-01-01

    En la España del periodo 1860-1930 el peso del catolicismo social, fue relevante para el desarrollo del pensamiento económico, la enseñan- za de la Economía y las concepciones de muchos de los principales eco- nomistas. En este artículo demostraremos cómo esta ciencia se alimentó de su propio ataque al liberalismo vía discursos y escuelas, siendo rasgo básico de identidad la prevención y reforma de la libre competencia, para evitar una monopolización o cartelización del sistema de nefastas co...

  8. Catolicismo social: su influencia en la ciencia y el pensamiento económicos españoles

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    Begoña Pérez Calle

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En la España del periodo 1860-1930 el peso del catolicismo social, fue relevante para el desarrollo del pensamiento económico, la enseñan- za de la Economía y las concepciones de muchos de los principales eco- nomistas. En este artículo demostraremos cómo esta ciencia se alimentó de su propio ataque al liberalismo vía discursos y escuelas, siendo rasgo básico de identidad la prevención y reforma de la libre competencia, para evitar una monopolización o cartelización del sistema de nefastas conse- cuencias para el mercado y la sociedad. Veremos además cómo se creó uno de los sustratos que justificaría la economía corporativa.

  9. Bufalera El Porvenir

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    Heyner Castro S

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La finca el Porvenir está ubicada en San Rafael de Guatuso de Alajuela, en un pueblo llamado Mónico. La propiedad fue adquirida en el 2007 por la empresa denominada Academia RC Internacional S.A. la cual tenía la visión de convertirla en una finca criadora de búfalos de agua, ya que presentaba condiciones como llanuras y zonas inundables que favorecen esta práctica.A finales del 2007 se importó de Guatemala pie de cría, tanto hembras como machos; los animales poseían un perfil determinado y un alto mestizaje lechero, debido a que, en la finca de procedencia llevaban varios años mejorando el hato mediante la selección de los animales así como mejoramiento genético a través de la inseminación artificial utilizando butoros de las razas Murrah y Mediterránea principalmente.De este modo se inicia el desarrollo y mejoramiento del Porvenir enfocándose tanto en pastos como en infraestructura. Se construyeron instalaciones para la estabulación de animales, mangas y bretes para el manejo de estos, también se realizó una división de potreros para mejorar su rotación, ayudada por la instalación de cercas eléctricas.Durante el desarrollo de estas obras se consumió casi el primer año de trabajo por lo que durante este tiempo las búfalas no se ordeñaron y fueron mantenidas de una forma extensiva en donde los bucerros se criaron consumiendo toda leche.A finales del 2008 se inicia el ordeño a mano con un grupo de búfalas, esta práctica se realizó hasta que se terminó la sala de ordeño y se instaló completamente el equipo para el ordeño mecánico; luego de terminada la infraestructura se pudo tecnificar el ordeño hasta la actualidad.

  10. El "Primer Catolicismo Social" ante la cuestión social: un momento en el proceso de consolidación nacional

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    ANA MARÍA STUVEN

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo surge del interés por situar la discusión sobre el catolicismo social y la cuestión social en Chile en una nueva perspectiva historiográfica que relacione la historia social, la llamada nueva historia política y la historia de las ideas. Su intención es comprender esta discusión como parte del proceso de construcción nacional. Postula que la visibilización del proletariado y sus condiciones de trabajo, al provocar un cuestionamiento por parte de la clase dirigente y de los católicos que la integraban, indujo una reflexión sobre los integrantes de la nación chilena, es decir, sobre la soberanía nacional, en un contexto de democratización de la república.This work arises out of an interest in situating the discussion on Social Catholicism and the social question in Chile within a new historiographic perspective that puts social history, so-called new political history and the history of ideas into relationship with each other. The author's intention is to understand this discussion as part of the process of national construction. The author proposes that the act of making visible the proletariat and its working conditions, provoking questioning by the leadership class and of the Catholics that composed it, induced a reflection about membership in the Chilean nation-that is, about national sovereignty, within the context of the democratization of the republic.

  11. el ocaso y el porvenir

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    Laura Regil Vargas

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo inicia con un breve estudio de los signos vitales de la difusión dentro de la universidades. Cada vez es más frecuente encontrar a la difusión cultural en las universidades públicas detenida frente a la disyuntiva entre el debilitamiento y el porvenir, la agonía y la reactivación. Quienes se interesen en dar pasos que permitan transformar esta encrucijada, como punto de partida, encontrarán aquí pautas para la reflexión, orientadas a la puesta en marcha de acciones que apoyen y fortalezcan esta actividad, siempre mencionada como sustantiva, aunque, en la práctica, ubicada por debajo de la investigación y la docencia. En suma, es una propuesta para crear el porvenir de la difusión, a partir del análisis, la crítica constante y la evaluación.

  12. Espaço e distinção social: o catolicismo na Província de Sergipe Space and social distinction: Catholicism in the Province of Sergipe, Brazil

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    Péricles Morais de Andrade Júnior

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as distinções sociais constituídas no catolicismo na Província de Sergipe Del Rey durante o século XIX. A análise está centrada nos critérios de admissão de duas irmandades religiosas atuantes na cidade de Estância. A pesquisa demonstra que havia uma população dividida entre as irmandades do Santíssimo Sacramento e de Nossa Senhora do Rosário, reflexos de uma hierarquia social mais diversificada, que diziam respeito a critérios de cor, riqueza e prestígio social. O espaço apresentava significados, na medida em que a cidade reproduzia simbolicamente a sociedade e sua organização em estratos sociais. Em outras palavras, observamos que o campo religioso católico na povoação de Estância seguia aos mecanismos de expressão da segregação e apresentava-se como representativo das oposições significativas entre os segmentos sociais, caracterizados a partir destas associações que definiam a posição social e os gostos dos seus integrantes.This article aims to analyze the social distinctions incorporated in the Catholicism in the province of Sergipe Del Rey during the nineteenth century. The analysis will be centered in the criteria of admission of two active religious brotherhoods in the city of Estancia in Sergipe, Brazil. The research shows that there was a population divided between the brotherhoods of the Blessed Sacrament and Our Lady of the Rosary, reflections of a more diversified social hierarchy about the criteria of race, wealth and social prestige. The space presented meanings in so far as the city reproduced, symbolically, the society and its organization in social strata. In other words, we notice that the Catholic religious field in the population of Estancia followed the mechanisms of expression of the segregation and presented itself as representative of the oppositions between the social groups, which were characterized by associations which defined the social position

  13. La “Mujer Católica” y la sociedad de masas en la Argentina de entreguerras. Catolicismo social, consumo e industria cultural en la ciudad de Rosario (1915-1940

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    Mauro, Diego

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores how, from a series of editorial initiatives, Social Catholics of Rosario (Argentina reproduced and disseminated traditional conceptions of “Catholic woman”, presented as opposed to the “Modern woman” – in the context of processes forming a mass society in Argentina. Specifically, we focus on the description and analysis of the resources used to reproduce female stereotypes Catholics in the mold of mass culture, increasingly widespread, and the culture industry. Thus expected to contribute to the understanding of the processes of “religious change” that crossed the Argentine Catholicism during the interwar period.El presente trabajo indaga cómo, a partir de una serie de iniciativas editoriales, los católicos sociales de Rosario (Argentina reprodujeron y difundieron las concepciones tradicionales de “mujer católica” —presentadas en contraposición a la llamada “mujer moderna”— en el marco de los procesos de conformación de una sociedad de masas en la Argentina. Concretamente, nos centraremos en la descripción y el análisis de los recursos empleados para reproducir los estereotipos femeninos católicos en los moldes de la cultura de masas, cada vez más difundidos, y en la industria cultural. Espera contribuir de este modo a la comprensión de los procesos de “cambio religioso” que atravesaron al catolicismo argentino durante el período de entreguerras.

  14. De indianismo eclesiástico y otros. Catolicismo social, discursos y prácticas étnicas en Michoacán (1940-1950

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    Jesús Solís Cruz

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A finales de 1930 el gobierno mexicano inauguró en Michoacán una nueva etapa de la política indigenista tendiente a integrar a este sector a la sociedad nacional. La práctica institucional en que derivó significó también un novedoso intento por incorporar a los indígenas a la estructura corporativa del Estado posrevolucionario. La tesis que subyace en el trabajo es que el actual activismo indio michoacano es deudor, en este sentido, de dos proyectos político sociales: el de la Iglesia católica y el del Estado posrevolucionario.

  15. La invención del catolicismo en América. Los procesos de evangelización, siglos XVI-XVIII. [Reseña

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    Benito-Rodríguez, J.A. (José Antonio)

    2010-01-01

    Reseña de: Fernando Armas Asín (ed.), La invención del catolicismo en América. Los procesos de evangelización, siglos XVI-XVIII, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos – Fondo Editorial de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Lima 2009, 258 pp.

  16. Federalismo, sociedad y globalidad: los retos del porvenir

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    Ernesto Soto Reyes Garmendia

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el federalismo como forma de organización del Estado contemporáneo y los retos de su porvenir. El texto se divide en seis apartados: el primero aborda las formas de organización territorial del Estado; en el segundo y tercero se discuten respectivamente las características del Estado unitario y del Estado federal; el cuarto aborda algunos problemas conceptuales que son fuente de error en la comprensión del fenómeno federal, como la descentralización y las confederaciones; en el quinto y en el último apartados se describen los retos del federalismo frente al mundo globalizado en el umbral del siglo XXI.

  17. Catolicismo y política en el Gobierno de Kirchner

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    Fortunato MALLIMACI

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se trata de un estudio histórico y sociológico de las múltiples relaciones entre religión y política en Argentina mostrando un catolicismo que se presenta con propuestas a nivel social, simbólico y generador de identidad nacional. Se profundiza en las nuevas tensiones entre el actual gobierno peronista de Kirchner y la institución católica por el control de las creencias, los cuerpos y la memoria.ABSTRACT: The historical and sociological study of the relations between religion and politics in Argentina reveals a Catholicism that presents itself with a project at the social and symbolic level, and as provider of national identity. This is accentuated in the new tensions between the current Peronist government of Kirchner and the institutional Catholic church over control of beliefs, bodies and memory.

  18. El catolicismo español finisecular y la crisis del 98

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    Feliciano MONTERO GARCÍA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este trabajo se trata de ofrecer una breve panorámica general de la posición política del catolicismo español en torno a la crisis del 98. Para ello, partiendo de un recordatorio de las directrices generales vaticanas, la "política de León XIII", en su aplicación específica al catolicismo español, atravesado por una profunda división política, el análisis se centra concretamente en el Congreso Católiico Nacional de Burgos (septiembre 1899, en el que se manifiestan de manera especialmente clara, los objetivos políticos y sociales, con todas sus limitaciones y contradicciones, del Movimiento católico español, precisamente un año después del "desastre". En el Congreso de Burgos se reproduce la interpretación católica del "desastre", como punto de partida de una movilización católica renovada, paralela a otros llamamientos y movilizaciones regeneracionistas. Pero una vez más, ese intento movilizador, ahora con un perfil político más definido y ambicioso, choca con el obstáculo de la división política de los católicos. Palabras Clave: Crisis del 98, catolicismo español, Congreso Católico Nacional, política, movilización. ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to offer a brief general parorama of the political position of Spanish Catholicism with reference to the crisis of 1898. Starting with a reminder of the general directives of the Vatican, or the "policy of Pope Leon XIII" in its specific application to Spanish Catholicism, our analysis centers specifically on the National Catholic Congress of Burgos (Sept. 1899. At this Congres the political and social objectives of the Spanish Catholic Movement, with all their limitations and contradictions, were manifested exactly one year after the "disaster". In the Burgos Congress, the Catholic interpretation of the "disaster" was repeated as a starting point for a renovated Catholic mobilization parallel to other calls and mobilizations for regeneration. But once

  19. El porvenir de los puentes con vigas prefabricadas

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    Perzo, R.

    1972-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses a structure, 375 m long, composed of two approach viaducts 63 and 45 m long, respectively, and the main bridge, 268 m long. The spans of the viaducts are 21 and 22,50 m long, and the seven spans of the bridge have spans varying between 34 and 42 m. The deck consists of prefabricated beams bound by the upper slab and without intermediate stiffeners. The author describes the process of construction, including the prefabrication of the beams. Taking this work as an example, he analyses the evolution of bridges of prefabricated beams and draws his conclusions on the future of this type of bridge.Se trata de una estructura, de 375 m de longitud, compuesta por dos viaductos de seceso, de 63 y 45 m de longitud, respectivamente, y el puente principal, de 268 m. Las luces de los viaductos son de 21 y 22,50 m, y los 7 vanos del puente tienen luces variables entre 34 y 42 m. El tablero está constituido por vigas prefabricadas, unidas por la losa superior y sin riostras intermedias. El autor describe el proceso constructivo, incluyendo la prefabricación de las vigas. Tomando esta obra como ejemplo, analiza la evolución de los puentes de vigas prefabricadas y saca conclusiones sobre el porvenir de este tipo de puentes.

  20. Los católicos globales. El primer sondeo global del catolicismo mundial según el “World Values Survey” y el “European Social Survey”

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    Tausch, Arno; Christian GHYMERS

    2011-01-01

    This empirical study about global Catholicism, based on the data of the World Values Survey and the European Social Survey, starts with a philosophical introduction by Christian Ghymers (Brussels) on the Roman Catholic Church and Enlightenment. The essence of Ghymers’ proposal to democratize the Roman Catholic Church – the ultima ratio of this book - , is based on the ideas of the precursor of the emancipation of Latin America, Francisco de Miranda. According to figures from the World Va...

  1. Claves racialistas y reformistas en la invención de un nacionalismo continental. El porvenir de la América latina (1911, de Manuel Ugarte

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    Merbilhaá, Margarita

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we analize the rethorics of contemporary diagnostic on Latin-american societies in Manuel Ugarte’s essay, El porvenir de la América latina. Thus, we focus on its belonging to the evolutionary scientific paradigm, and the adoption of a racialist perspective on regards to the contemporany social aspects that the author intends to study. It is also possible to observe, in this rethorics, other aspects that are in tension with this paradigm, such as equality ideas, related to the author’s socialism. Those contradictions reveal the debates. from the end of XIXth century and XXth century, in wich the Latin-american space had to be conceived in reference to its modernization’s processes, as well as to the recent American hegemony, after the 1898 Spanish defeat against the USA.Nuestro trabajo indaga en la retórica del diagnóstico contemporáneo sobre las sociedades latinoamericanas en el ensayo de Manuel Ugarte, El porvenir de la América latina. Para ello se detiene en su vinculación con la matriz evolucionista y en la adopción de una perspectiva racialista respecto de los aspectos sociales contemporáneos que el autor se propone estudiar. Aparecen a su vez, en esta retórica, otros abordajes que entran en tensión con el paradigma cientificista mencionado, que incluyen principios igualitarios ligados al socialismo del autor. Estas contradicciones son reveladoras de los debates que, entre finales del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX, tuvieron como núcleo problemático la necesidad de pensar el espacio latinoamericano en el marco de los cambios derivados de los procesos de modernización en América Latina, y teniendo en cuenta, a la vez, la nueva hegemonía de los Estados Unidos posterior a la derrota española de 1898.

  2. El porvenir de una des-ilusión: Hacia un examen pluriaxial de la secularización

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    Francisco Donoso-Maluf

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el tópico de la secularización como concepto, tesis, teoría, paradigma, proceso socioempírico y dogma/fe, intentando dar cuenta de los profusos debates registrados en el marco de las ciencias sociales de los últimos 20 años en torno a la vitalidad/ agonía y porvenir de sus postulados en cada una de dichas acepciones. Asumiendo la excepcionalidad de Europa occidental, se destaca y discute una serie de desconfirmaciones empíricas -con particular atención en América Latina- que parecen venir minando lo que fuera el "paradigma de la secularización", generando una interesante dinámica entre autores críticos y defensores, así como un conjunto de interrogantes en torno al futuro de la noción de secularización.This article examines the topic of secularization as concept, thesis, theory, paradigm, socio-empirical process and dogma/faith, thus attempting to revise the profusión of debates which have taken place within the framework of social sciences during the last 20 years about the vitality/agony and future of these many faces of secularization. Presuming that Western Europe is an exception, Unlike the exceptional case of Western Europe, a series of empirical disconfirmations is highlighted and discussed -with particular attention paid to Latin America-that seem to undermine what has been the "paradigm of secularization". This generated and interesting dynamic between the critics and defending authors of such a paradigm, as well as a set of questions about the future of the secularization.

  3. Difusión cultural universitaria: entre el ocaso y el porvenir

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    Laura Regil Vargas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo inicia con un breve estudio de los signos vitales de la difusión dentro de la universidades. Cada vez es más frecuente encontrar a la difusión cultural en las universidades públicas detenida frente a la disyuntiva entre el debilitamiento y el porvenir, la agonía y la reactivación. Quienes se interesen en dar pasos que permitan transformar esta encrucijada, como punto de partida, encontrarán aquí pautas para la reflexión, orientadas a la puesta en marcha de acciones que apoyen y fortalezcan esta actividad, siempre mencionada como sustantiva, aunque, en la práctica, ubicada por debajo de la investigación y la docencia. En suma, es una propuesta para crear el porvenir de la difusión, a partir del análisis, la crítica constante y la evaluación.

  4. El cine futurista y la memoria del porvenir

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    Fernando Vizcarra

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo registra y comenta la evolución del cine de ciencia-ficción producido principalmente en Hollywood a partir de los años 50. Se trata de un breve panorama de las tendencias argumentativas, estéticas e ideológicas, situadas en el contexto de los grandes cambios sociales y tecnológicos que han determinado el espectáculo cinematográfico y particularmente, la ciencia-ficción y su más reciente vertiente, el cyberpunk.

  5. Silêncios e diálogos: o catolicismo e a defesa dos direitos sociais e humanos ante à intolerância política da ditadura militar no Brasil (1964-1985

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    Lucília de Almeida Neves

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Os anos 1964-1985 se caracterizam pela mobilização popular e pela emergência de uma poderosa vontade de mudança social. Queria-se uma libertação das opressões históricas que a maioria do povo vinha sofrendo. Paradoxalmente, foi um tempo de autoritarismo e desrespeito aos direitos sociais e humanos. Este trabalho pretende analisar o movimento do catolicismo brasileiro, especialmente sua luta por esses direitos. Diversos aspectos atuam e influenciam no contexto político-religioso desse período. A reconstrução do significado desse movimento valeu-se de ampla documentação. Apesar dos entraves e das limitações, o catolicismo fez seu percurso e assinalou um passo importante na trajetória histórica desse período. Na compreensão e análise desse caminho, está a proposta deste estudo.Palabras clave: Catolicismo; Direitos sociais e humanos.ABSTRACTThe years 1964-1985 were characterised by popular mobilisation and the emergence of a powerful wish for social change, in the sence of a liberation from historical oppressions suffered by most people. Paradoxically, it was a time of authoritarianism and disregard for social and human rights. This paper aims at analysing the movemnt of Brazilian Catholicism, especially its fight for those rights. Various aspects play a part in and influence the political and religious context of that period. A wide range of documents was used for reconstructing the meaning of that movement. Despite hindrances and constraints, Catholicism made its way and pointed out an important step in the historical development of the period. This paper aims at understanding and analysing that way.Key words: Catholicism; Social and human rights.

  6. Catolicismos en sectores populares ante el quiebre del estado de bienestar

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    Fortunato Mallimaci

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se discute la presencia de los catolicismos en los sectores populares en sus distintas manifestaciones dada las vinculaciones entre lo político con lo religioso, lo popular con lo identitario; la pobreza de salvación con la esperanza de realización dejando de lado las definiciones esencialistas, deterministas y fundamentalista y destacando la especificidad del estado de bienestar en la Argentina. La hipótesis central es que la institución católica se está convirtiendo, en una de las principales denunciadoras de la hegemonía neoliberal, esto le permite recuperar legitimidad societal.

  7. A VISÃO TRÁGICA DO CATOLICISMO NO BRASIL: INCONFORMAÇÕES DE EDUARDO HOORNAERT

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    Eduardo Gusmão de Quadros

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No contexto de repressão ditatorial, a historiografia religiosa sofreu profundas transformações. Os ventos da teologia da libertação sopravam na América Latina e algumas de suas categorias foram aplicadas ao conhecimento histórico. Este texto analisa o livro seminal de Eduardo Hoornaert, lançado em 1974, Formação do Catolicismo Brasileiro, explorando o horizonte de expectativas ali esboçado.

  8. Corporativismo y catolicismo social en la dictadura de Primo de Rivera

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    Miguel Ángel PERFECTO GARCÍA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La Dictadura de Primo de Rivera tenía un indudable carácter regeneracionista y era consciente de su provisionalidad, sin embargo, a partir de Diciembre de 1925, coincidiendo con su conversión en dictadura civil, se aprecian una serie de cambios que afectan a la idea inicial de Miguel Primo de Rivera. Desde los comienzos de la Dictadura Civil, el jefe de Gobierno intentará la institucionalización del Régimen, fascinado por el ejemplo del Fascismo italiano. Así, en el manifiesto al país, publicado el 5 de Septiembre de 1926, el general Primo de Rivera señalaba que: «Fracasado el Sistema Parlamentario en su forma actual... nadie que no estuviera loco pensaría en restablecerlo en España... el Gobierno y la Unión Patriótica tienen la concepción de un Estado de nueva estructura... célula principal de la Nación ha de ser el Municipio y de él, la familia, con sus rancias virtudes y su moderno concepto ciudadano. Núcleo, la provincia, y vértebra principal que dirija todo el Sistema, el Estado...»

  9. CATOLICISMO E CAPITALISMO DE BEM-ESTAR SOCIAL (1945-1970

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    Rogério Luiz de Souza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo foi apresentado na Mesa Redonda “Religiões, Religiosidades e Poder”, integrando o III Encontro do GT Nacional de História das Religiões e Religiosidades – ANPUH, na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC de 20 a 22 de Outubro de 2010.

  10. Estrategias de (reapropiación urbana y disputa territorial en la conformación de los barrios alteños El Porvenir I y 16 de Julio (Bolivia, 1985-2012

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    Mariela Paula Diaz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Generalmente la ciudad de El Alto (Bolivia es analizada como un núcleo urbano homogéneo. Eneste artículo se analiza la existencia de ejemplos de desarrollo urbano desigual y combinado. Elobjetivo principal es abordar las estrategias de acceso al hábitat y la (reapropiación del territoriourbano por parte de los migrantes aymaras residentes en el barrio periférico El Porvenir I y enel barrio céntrico 16 de Julio. Se presta atención a la disputa con los diversos actores sociales queparticipan en la dinámica de la construcción barrial: los loteadores informales y el Estado duranteel periodo 1985-2012.Para llevar a cabo este estudio se aplicó una metodología cualitativa que incluyó entrevistas semiestructuradasa la población migrante y a los informantes-clave y observación no participante,incorporando datos de fuentes secundarias.

  11. El catolicismo tradicional español ante el “caso Lefebvre” 1976-1978

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    González Sáez, Juan Manuel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1976 the archbishop Marcel Lefebvre was suspended a divinis by the ordination of priests without the permission of Pope Paul VI. The public repercussion of this act of disobedience converted the french prelate into a symbol of catholic traditionalism and of the resistance to the post-conciliar evolution of the Church. This article examines the impact of the “Lefebvre affair" in our country during the period 1976-1978, especially in the field of the traditional catholicism. The aim is to contribute to the explanation of several reasons for which the "lefebvrism" failed in Spain unlike other nations such as France or Germany.En 1976 el arzobispo Marcel Lefebvre fue suspendido a divinis por la ordenación de sacerdotes sin la autorización del Papa Pablo VI. La repercusión pública de este acto de desobediencia convirtió al prelado francés en símbolo de la resistencia a la evolución posconciliar de la Iglesia. En este artículo se explica el impacto del “caso Lefebvre” en España durante el periodo 1976-1978, especialmente en el ámbito del catolicismo tradicional español representado por la Hermandad Sacerdotal Española, el movimiento Fuerza Nueva o las revistas religiosas Iglesia-Mundo, Roca Viva o ¿Qué pasa?. El objetivo es contribuir a la explicación de algunas razones por las que el lefebvrismo fracasó en España a diferencia de lo ocurrido en Francia o Alemania.

  12. La experiencia de Guapi. Mirando al futuro: ni todo es pasado ni todo porvenir

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    Jesús García Minguez

    2013-01-01

    la Educación Social a través de la formación técnica y la educación de la autoestima junto a las habilidades interpersonales, cuyo destinatario es un colectivo de 25 jóvenes madres, cabezas de familia y menores de 20 años, surge la oportunidad de crear un espacio laboral instaurando una panadería, repostería y cultivo de hongos dietéticos como forma de vida autónoma, capaz de superar los umbrales humanos, sociales y económicos del contexto.

  13. Democracia y Estado de derecho en México. Entre pasado y porvenir

    OpenAIRE

    Antonella Attili

    2007-01-01

    La transformación política mexicana de los últimos treinta años es un proceso complejo y conflictivo que, como todo cambio social, se delinea a largo plazo y hace falta tanto conocer como encauzar. El artículo propone un diagnóstico crítico global de los alcances y límites de tales mutaciones, para contribuir a reflexionar sobre cómo se han transformado en concreto los vínculos sociales y políticos en el paso de una sociedad autoritaria hacia una democrática, y a pensar el problema del cambio...

  14. Turismo, globalización y desarrollo local: Puerto Vallarta y los retos del porvenir

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    Gustavo Marín Guardado

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda los problemas del desarrollo turístico en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca la forma en que ciertas localidades experimentan la globalización, relacionadas con la mundialización de la economía, el surgimiento de nuevos nichos de mercado turístico y el poder de las trasnacionales. Igualmente, se hace referencia a los grandes retos que deben enfrentar las sociedades locales a fin de lograr competitividad económica y cubrir las responsabilidades del bien social dentro de un marco que parece reforzar las relaciones asimétricas y dependientes.

  15. El infierno de la clase obrera argentina. Desde un pasado venturoso a un presente sin porvenir

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    Osvaldo R. Battistini

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La conjunción de una serie de factores económicos, sociales y políticos en la Argentina de los noventa dio como resultado el momento de mayor fragmentación política de los trabajadores. Esto fue logrado a partir de la desestructuración de la sociedad comenzada en la dictadura militar de mediados de los setenta y profundizada mediante la implantación del modelo neoliberal a comienzos de la última década del siglo XX. Se terminó entonces dilapidando toda posibilidad de consolidación de la una clase obrera mas o menos homogénea, cuyo germen había sido prefigurado bajo el primer gobierno peronista y se había puesto de manifiesto en las distintas etapas de la resistencia a gobiernos que amenazaban los intereses de los sectores populares. Sin dudas se trataba de políticas destinadas a asegurar una sociedad disciplinada con el fin de consolidar el poder de los sectores dominantes más relacionados con la especulación financiera y los intereses de los grupos económicos transnacionales. Al mismo tiempo, no sólo se lograba una sociedad económica y socialmente fragmentada sino que se reproducía una cultura individualista extrema que potenciaba dicha situación. En el presente artículo estudiamos los elementos condicionantes en la cultura del trabajo que existían en la historia previa a la implantación del modelo neoliberal y los factores contextuales que permitieron su desarrollo. Al mismo tiempo analizamos los factores que, en un marco de fragmentación y transformación constante, estructuran actualmente las identidades del trabajo.

  16. ¡A Luján! Las Comunidades de inmigrantes y el naciente catolicismo de masas, 1910-1934

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    Lida, Miranda

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to explain the phenomenon of the mobilizations of immigrant communities in Luján, based on a consideration of the bigger picture in which they took place, including the general context of Argentine Catholicism near the time of the Centennial. As such, it must be noted that Italians were not the only group, nor the first one, that organized processions in Luján that attracted increasingly greater numbers of participants. Our focus is on the decade of 1910, years in which Catholic processions and demonstrations were becoming every more numerous. Usually historigraphic studies tend to date the appearance of Catholicism of the masses from the decade of the 1930s, the most telling expression of which can be found in the celebration of the 1934 International Eucharistic Congress. Nevertheless, it is often forgotten that the first event of these characteristics was celebrated in Buenos Aires as early as 1916, with the first National Eucharistic Congress. This echoed the nascent wave of Catholic mass mobilizations that began at the time of the Centennial. Among others, the Italians were active in this wave.

    El objetivo de este trabajo es explicar el fenómeno de las movilizaciones de las comunidades de inmigrantes a Luján a partir de una consideración del cuadro general en el que se inscribían. Este cuadro ha de incluir el contexto general del catolicismo argentino hacia el Centenario, a fin de llamar la atención sobre el hecho de que los italianos no fueron los únicos ni los primeros que se movilizaron a Luján en procesiones cada vez más multitudinarias. Nos interesa focalizar, pues, la década de 1910, años en los cuales las procesiones y manifestaciones católicas se vuelven cada vez más numerosas. Usualmente, la historiografía suele ubicar la aparición del catolicismo de masas en la década de 1930, cuya expresión más elocuente se habría encontrado en la celebración del Congreso Eucar

  17. RELIGIÕES AFRICANAS E O CATOLICISMO NAS ORIGENS DO BRASIL.

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    Rafael Egidio Leal e Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between Catholicism and Afro-Brazilian religions in the colonization of Brazil. We question the way the Portuguese colonists, imbued with the pursuit of profit and adventure, and also of faith and evangelization, dealt with the black slave and his beliefs. This discussion is important to understand the ways of religion and faith in Brazil, and also a form of sociability that was established from the social relations in the colonizing process. By reference to authors like Gilberto Freyre, Darcy Ribeiro, Roger Bastide and Luiz Mott we'll discuss the encounter of European and African culture during colonization and slavery and how this impacted on the formation of the Brazilian people.

  18. Catolicismo, Gentilismo e Mestiçagem na África Ocidental e Centro Ocidental no século XVIII

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    Suely Cordeiro Almeida

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo:Este trabalho trata dos processos de mescla cultural que se deram nos enclaves ibéricos da África Ocidental e Centro Ocidental, em especial nas formas de catolicismo mestiço surgidos nessas regiões. Realiza uma discussão sobre as relações desenvolvidas entre os lusos e os autóctones e as formas que encontraram para viver as religiões. O papel do governador ilustrado D. Francisco Inocêncio de Souza Coutinho e suas ações para coibir os gentilismos. Para tanto, foram utilizadas fontes primárias depositadas no AHU, cronistas e a historiografia sobre o tema. Todo o debate se dá a luz do conceito de mestiçagem desenvolvido por Serge Gruzinski que observa o fenômeno como elemento que atingiu a civilização moderna à medida que integravam-se os povos e os espaços do Novo Mundo ao projeto ibérico de expansão. As variedades surgidas para as práticas do catolicismo foram múltiplas, diferenciando-se nas duas regiões estudadas, mas sem deixar de envolver lusos e autóctones de forma completa tornando-se vetores para a propagação de práticas mestiças em outras partes do globo.

  19. Las cárceles de la “Nueva Argentina”: Administración del castigo y catolicismo durante el peronismo clásico

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    Jeremías Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la importancia de la religión católica en la reforma penitenciaria del peronismo clásico (1946-1955. A partir del examen de los discursos y la justificación que hizo el principal encargado de la administración del castigo justicialista, Roberto Pettinato, buscamos esclarecer en qué medida el catolicismo ofreció un ideario para legitimar políticas gubernamentales y penetró en las instituciones estatales. Es por esto que junto al examen de la obra de los funcionarios gubernamentales, reconstruimos la cotidianidad de las instituciones penales para arrojar luz sobre cómo la simbología y las celebraciones oficiales de la Dirección General de Institutos Penales fueron profundamente impregnadas por la ritualidad católica, manifestándose en las cárceles de la “Nueva Argentina”

  20. Catolicismo y ciencia moderna

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    Luis Corsi Otálora

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available En un trabajo anterior fue posible mostrar lo aleatorio de las bases científicas del materialismo. Ante ciertas inquietudes resulta indispensable confrontar la actitud de la iglesia católica frente al mismo tema; las presentes líneas aspiran a ser tan solo un esbozo al respecto.

  1. Cosmologia e estrutura de longo curso do catolicismo na dinâmica da modernidade (Cosmology and long term structure of catholicism in the dynamics of modernity - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p746

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    Marcelo Ayres Camurça

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A tendência de uma sociologia do catolicismo contemporâneo no país nestes últimos anos foi de reduzi-lo a uma instituição política e social movida por interesses de poder no campo religioso e no espaço público, dispensando a mediação de sua cosmologia como pano de fundo de sua atuação. A partir do livro pioneiro de Roberto Romano (1976 que resgata o papel da cosmologia católica na sua intervenção pública, e seguindo os estudos de Sanchis (1994 e Steil (1996 que chamam a atenção para o seu perfil de “estrutura de longa duração” que se (recombina com os estilos das épocas que atravessa, a intenção deste texto é detectar numa hermenêutica de aspectos cruciais da Teologia católica e em dimensões estruturais de sua configuração, condutas e comportamentos pelo qual o catolicismo se faz presente na modernidade. Neste particular, a cosmologia não vai engendrar um comportamento holista-tradicional mas vai expressar-se traduzida para os códigos contemporâneos seja do individualismo, da subjetividade, da cultura psi, da auto-ajuda e da expresividade emocional e corporal. Palavras chave: Catolicismo. Cosmologia. Modernidade. Abstract: The trend in contemporary sociology of Catholicism in Brazil has been to reduce Catholicism to a political and social institution moved by the interests of power in religious as well as public spheres, ignoring the intervening role of its cosmology as a background for its actions and postures. The article takes as a starting point Roberto Romano’s (1976 pioneer work in the field, where the author reinstates the role of catholic cosmology in processes of institutional public intervention. It has equally drawn inspiration from Sanchis (1994 and Steil’s (1996 studies stressing on Catholicism’s institutional profile as a ‘structure of long duration’ that interacts with the various ways of living of different times and spaces. Accordingly, the main goal of the article is to identify in

  2. Italianidad y Catolicismo en Córdoba. La Sociedad Católica Popular Italiana de Socorros Mutuos, 1911-1943

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    Gardenia Vidal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El objeto de este trabajo es, en primer lugar, elaborar algunas hipótesis en torno a la relación entre la Sociedad Católica Popular Italiana instalada en Córdoba en 1911 y la Orden Salesiana que le dio su respaldo desde un comienzo. En este sentido, propongo algunas hipótesis para explicar los conflictos suscitados entre ambas partes como es la mayor identificación de cada una de ellas con uno de los términos contenidos en el nombre de la asociación estaría indicando posiciones de poder que se identificarían con propuestas políticas diferentes. Con todo no descarto la importante influencia de individuos para determinar resoluciones finales. En segundo lugar, y desde una dimensión internacional y nacional me detengo a discutir la correlación generada entre la asociación, el catolicismo, el fascismo italiano y el gobierno argentino surgido del golpe de estado de 1943. La cuestión acerca del fascismo y la asociación muestra el compromiso paulatino y bastante silencioso que esta última va asumiendo a favor del régimen italiano y de los gobiernos de derecha argentinos. Asimismo, señala la necesidad que, en la década del treinta, la nueva generación de consejeros tiene de construir una “tradición inventada” para apuntalar su posición política.

  3. El derecho a la educación y la política educativa del nacional-catolicismo

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    Vicente Jara, Fernando

    2001-01-01

    El derecho humano a la educación, como derecho natural, imprescriptible, con la doble valencia de derecho y deber, con su manifestación progresiva e histórica en defensa de la dignidad humana, adquiere su significación más precisa cuando se analiza en el marco de una realidad sociopolítica determinada. Todas las fuerzas sociales, partidos y regímenes políticos hacen suya la defensa de los derechos humanos, aunque envueltos en una retórica interesada que hace de ellos un concepto de l...

  4. Catolicismo y prensa en el siglo xix colombiano: compleja inserción de la Iglesia en la modernidad

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    William Elvis Plata Quezada

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to study the religious and political role played by the press to Colombian Catholicism in the nineteenth century. It exposes several hypotheses. The first: in the nineteenth century, the press went from being a marginal instrument for Colombian Catholicism, to become, at the end of the century, a bastion for the Church Romanization, political and religious struggle, catechetical activity and still, social control. Derived from the first hypothesis, it suggests that, despite being permeated by currents mostly traditionalists, the Catholic Church, to decide to use the press for public debate, adopted modern positions, joining a fundamental aspect of modernity: public discussion between proposed different world, society and politics, discussion involving external and internal debate on the definition of “identity” Catholic, which involved several positions and currents. Methodologically was used a hermeneutic - historical analysis of Colombian religious press, the statistical interpretation of the religious press in the archives and libraries of the country and the corresponding application of the critic of sources.

  5. La construcción social de la mujer por el catolicismo y las derechas españolas en la época contemporánea

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Esta tesis aborda la implantación por parte del Régimen Franquista de un modelo de feminidad que, coherente con un entramado simbólico que afirmaba que la realidad estaba constituida por tres órdenes, el natural, el histórico y el sobrenatural, se redefinió en forma triple, ofreciendo a las mujeres un rol en cada uno de ellos, como madre, como miembro de la SF y como religiosa, respectivamente. En esta investigación se analizan la génesis y características de este modelo de feminidad, qu...

  6. Revolución, contrarrevolución... Evolución: Catolicismo y nuevas formas de legitimidad política en la España del siglo XIX. Los casos de Jaime Balmes y Juan Donoso Cortés

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    Acle-Kreysing, Andrea

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In contrast to traditional portraits of Balmes and Donoso Cortés as the most relevant figures of nineteenth-century Spanish Catholicism, which suppose them in pursuit of the same goals, this article highlights crucial differences between them, focusing upon three aspects: the relationship between catholicism and liberalism, the Church-State relations during the década moderada (1843-1854 and the situation of the Church in Europe in the context of the 1848 Revolutions. Their political projects show how contemporary Catholicism oscillated between intransigence and ideological openness.En contraste con el retrato tradicional de Balmes y Donoso Cortés como las figuras más importantes del catolicismo español en el siglo XIX, que da por sentado que persiguieron los mismos objetivos, este artículo señala diferencias cruciales entre ellos, centrándose en tres aspectos: el nexo entre catolicismo y liberalismo, la relación entre Iglesia y Estado durante la década moderada (1843-1854, y la situación de la Iglesia en Europa en el contexto de las revoluciones de 1848. Sus proyectos políticos muestran cómo el catolicismo de su época osciló entre la intransigencia y la apertura ideológica.

  7. Una teología de los signos de los tiempos latinoamericanos: Validez, límites y porvenir de una hermenéutica teológica del Concilio

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    Eduardo Silva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El desafío de esbozar una teología de los signos de los tiempos latinoamericanos se nutre tanto de la novedad hermenéutica del Concilio como de la novedad hermenéutica de la teología de la liberación. El mandato conciliar da su validez al intento asumido por la teología latinoamericana de ser interpretación de los signos del continente. La parcialidad y los límites de la teología de la liberación no ocultan la novedad teológica de un Concilio en el que la Iglesia por primera vez se autocomprende como realmente universal y rompe con la conceptualidad neoescolástica para poder pensar lo otro en relación. Por el contrario, a pesar de sus límites mantiene la validez de una interpretación del tiempo que se realiza en un nuevo horizonte, que superando las metafísicas de la sustancia y del sujeto asume la perspectiva del pobre y la primacía de la praxis. Con este legado el porvenir de una teología a la vez latinoamericana y de los signos de Dios debe acoger algunas consideraciones hermenéuticas fundamentales que le permitan ser teología de los tiempos: el carácter actual, metafórico, plural, abierto a los otros sentidos, provisorio del lenguaje teológico. La dialéctica entre acontecimiento y sentido que está a la base de estas consideraciones permitirá captar la significación teológica de los acontecimientos.The challenge of outlining a theology of the Latin American "signs of the times" is nourished as much by the hermeneutic novelty of the Council as by the hermeneutic novelty of liberation theology. The conciliar mandate grants validity to the attempts assumed by Latin American theology to be the interpretation of the signs of the continent. The partiality and limits of liberation theology fail to completely overshadow the theological novelty of a Council in which the Church, for the first time, understands itself as truly universal and breaks with neoscholastic conceptuality in order to be able to think relationally

  8. social

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    Alfredo Falero Cirigliano

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo parte de considerar al neoliberalismo y su cristalización en América Latina como un patrón de poder regional, esto es, un formato específico de acumulación dentro de la reproducción polarizante centro-periferia. Desde este ángulo, se aborda la expansión y naturalización de prácticas sociales mercantilizadas a partir de dos ejes: el de la construcción ideológica y su relación con la política económica, y el de la subjetividad social. Finalmente, se examinan dos escenarios potenciales en la coyuntura actual: el de un neoliberalismo con "rostro humano" o, alternativamente, el de ampliación de grietas sociales hacia la conformación de otro patrón de poder.

  9. Leonardo de Vinci, el pregonero del porvenir

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    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1960-04-01

    Full Text Available Marcha de frailes, de chantres, de gonfalonieros, de miembros del Consejo de los Ochenta, de canónigos, de doctores y maestros de teología, de caballeros del capitán Bargello, de trompeteros y maceros. ¡Arre, arre! Adentro: las mandolinas, los tableros de ajedrez, los cuadros excitantes, los dibujos que parecen estallar en aromas y en contactos inefables, las mujeres livianas, los bustos de los dioses paganos, de los héroes , de los filósofos, esculpidos en madera y arcilla.

  10. El porvenir de la pintura figurativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Sánchez

    1965-07-01

    Full Text Available Poco tiempo habrá corrido desde la fecha en que el benévolo director de este Boletín se dignó publicarme algunas páginas para rectificar el discurso pronunciado por un afamado publicista, el mismo día en que le fue entregado el diploma de miembro correspondiente de la Academia Colombiana; anunciaba en él la decadencia del libro, y, acaso su desaparición causada por los innegables progresos de la radio, de las grabadoras y tocadiscos y de otras variedades de mecanismos que harían inútiles las artes de la lectura y de la escritura.

  11. Alfonso Reyes y el cine del porvenir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betina Keizman

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone situar la reflexión de Alfonso Reyes sobre el cine en el marco de las recepciones del primer cine, considerando también cómo esta reflexión se articula en relación con el pensamiento crítico del escritor mexicano. En particular, se analiza el modo en que, por vía de la especulación, Reyes ensaya posibles redefiniciones para una nueva distribución de lo sensible y de las artes, de los valores cognitivos y expresivos de la luz y de los vínculos arte-ciencia. Lo que se lee en Reyes es un esfuerzo por pensar nuevas formas de inventiva que se desprenden (o podrían desprenderse del arte cinematográfico.

  12. Liberalismo, democracia y catolicismo en Argentina. La reforma constitucional de 1921 y las identidades políticas. Santa Fe 1920-1923

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego A. Mauro

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo reconstruye el proceso de reforma de la Constitución de la Provincia de Santa Fe entre 1920 y 1923 y su impacto sobre el sistema político y la opinión pública. El grado de movilización social de los militantes católicos y liberales en las calles de Santa Fe y Rosario, así como la alta densidad de conflictos, acuerdos y rupturas entre los partidos y sus inestables facciones en el seno de la Constituyente hicieron de la coyuntura un potente matrizador de las identidades políticas. El artículo intenta paralelamente acercarse de manera aproximatoria a algunos de los modos en que la política filtró las identidades de los sectores populares y alimentó los imaginarios sociales críticos sobre la democracia liberal.

  13. Literatura e catolicismo na França (1880-1914: contribuição a uma sociohistória da crença

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Serry

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo delineia a história da emergência do "escritor católico" como uma nova figura intelectual na França pós-Revolução de 1789, desde o surgimento do Génie du christianisme de Chateaubriand, passando pelo papel do abade Félicité de Lammenais, pelo do jornalista Louis Veuillot, pelos "neo-cristãos" dos anos de 1880 e 1890, até as primeiras manifestações do "renascimento literário católico" da década de 1910. Essa "renovação católica" teve de lidar com desafios propriamente literários, suscitados pela dinâmica orientada pelas regras da arte, ao lado de disputas doutrinárias no interior de uma Igreja com poder temporal declinante, confrontada com a emancipação dos leigos. O desvendamento desse processo histórico contribui para uma história social da crença no poder da arte e para uma reflexão acerca dos motivos intelectuais da crença na Igreja como instituição.The article outlines the historical rise of the "Catholic writer" as a new intellectual creature in France after the 1789 revolution, from appearence of Génie du Christianisme by Chateaubriand, though the roles performed by the abbot Félicité de Lammenais, by the journalist Louis Veuillot, or even by the "neo-Christians" of 1880-1890, until the first signs of a "Catholic literary renaissance" during the decade of 1910. This "Catholic" renewal had to cope with literary challenges, so to speak, raised by the dynamics oriented by the rules of art, besides other doctrinal disputes inside a Church whose temporal power was declining, as well as confronted with the lay emancipa-tion. The knowledge of that historical process contributes to a social history of belief in the power of art and also for an understanding about the intellectual founda-tions of belief in the Church as institution.

  14. A ética Católica e o Capitalismo de bem-estar social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Orestes Franzen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Rogério Luiz de Souza busca contextualizar no livro a questão da Ação Social Católica no cenário do pós-guerra (1945-1965, buscando pontuar problemáticas que conjecturem a intenção do catolicismo em construir uma nova ordem mundial, alicerçada nos princípios da democracia cristã como a paz, a solidariedade, a cooperação e o desenvolvimento dos povos. Neste contexto, a análise se vincula a proposta de integração do espaço rural a um projeto desenvolvimentista brasileiro, tendo como fim os sujeitos que ali constroem suas práticas de vivência.

  15. Apostillas sobre "Catolicismo y ciencia moderna"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Amanda Salazar Hurtado

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Ha escogido el profesor Corsi Otálora un tema de gran interés a lo largo de la historia del pensamiento: "el presunto antagonismo entre religión y ciencia" y de esa manera se da origen a una sana y edificante discusión académica desde las páginas de la Revista "Ingeniería e Investigación". Ya alguien sostuvo que así como cada hombre es un mundo, cada cabeza es una filosofía. Sin embargo, las concepciones individuales se unen para aprobar o refutar a los demás. Por eso el artículo en mención tendrá partidarios y contradictores. Con el único interés de adelantarnos un poco a ellos y despejar la vía para que se expresen a los lectores, abordamos unos cuantos temas allí tratados.

  16. Apostillas sobre "catolicismo y ciencia moderna"

    OpenAIRE

    Luz Amanda Salazar Hurtado

    2010-01-01

    Ha escogido el profesor Corsi Otálora un tema de gran interés a lo largo de la historia del pensamiento: "el presunto antagonismo entre religión y ciencia" y de esa manera se da origen a una sana y edificante discusión académica desde las páginas de la Revista "Ingeniería e Investigación". Ya alguien sostuvo que así como cada hombre es un mundo, cada cabeza es una filosofía. Sin embargo, las concepciones individuales se unen para aprobar o refutar a los demás. Por eso el artículo en mención t...

  17. Sotanas, Escaños y sufragios. Práctica política y soportes sociales del neo-catolicismo en las provincias castellano-manchegas (1854-1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inarejos Muñoz, Juan Antonio

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Spanish Constituent assembly of 1854 some previously unknown issues were raised about Church-State relations, including tolerance of worshipping and religious freedom. The clergy, whose interference in political confrontations was nothing new, placed themselves as a majority alongside one of the factions of the Moderate party, which, in a contradictory way, used the new mechanisms of political representation arisen with the representative State of the citizen (The press and Parliamentary representation to fight against liberalism. A defense of Church rights directed towards the sacralization of society was undertaken by the pulpit, the press, the parliamentary tribune and the Printing press. These represented the main lines of an analysis which wakes reference to the provinces that nowadays make up Castilla-La Mancha, where the neocatholic brend had a reasonable electoral support and relied on the ideological, numerical and organizational support provided by the Archbishopric of Toledo and the diocese of Cuenca.En las Cortes Constituyentes de 1854 se plantearon cuestiones hasta entonces inéditas en las relaciones Iglesia-Estado: tolerancia de cultos, libertad religiosa o confesionalidad del Estado. El clero, cuya injerencia en las confrontaciones políticas no era en absoluto novedosa, se posicionó de forma mayoritaria al lado de una de las fracciones del partido moderado que, contradictoriamente, utilizó los nuevos mecanismos de representación política surgidos con el Estado representativo de la ciudadanía (prensa y representación parlamentaria, para combatir el liberalismo. Desde el púlpito, la prensa, la tribuna parlamentaria y la imprenta se emprendió una defensa de los derechos de la Iglesia orientada a la sacralización de la sociedad. Constituyen los principales trazos de un análisis que toma como referente las provincias que en la actualidad constituyen Castilla-La Mancha, donde la corriente neo-católica gozó de un relativo apoyo electoral y contó con la cobertura ideológica, numérica y organizativa proporcionada por el Arzobispado de Toledo y la diócesis conquense.

  18. Pertença/Desafeição religiosa: recuperando antigo conceito para entender o catolicismo hoje (Religious belonging /disaffection: recover the old concept in order to understand Catholicism today - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1230

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Assis Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo recupera o par conceitual pertença/desafeição religiosa, usado nas pesquisas de “sociologia religiosa” nas décadas de 1950 e 1960, para analisar os fatores da perda de fiéis pela igreja católica, como demonstra o Censo IBGE de 2010. Toma como referência dados de uma pesquisa realizada na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte em 2012. Com base nessa pesquisa, demonstra que a diminuição de fiéis não se deve a conversão mas a simples trânsito do catolicismo a outra religião. A raiz da desafeição religiosa está na perda de fé na necessidade da mediação sacramental da Igreja para a salvação eterna e no caráter sacrificial da missa. Ela pode ser contrabalançada pelos laços familiares de pertença, mas também estes apresentam sinais de enfraquecimento. O artigo conclui afirmando que, no caso do catolicismo, a pertença religiosa supõe laços afetivos, de fé e de compromisso pessoal do fiel com a igreja. Quando os três se enfraquecem, ocorre a desafeição religiosa propriamente dita. Palavras-chave: Pertença religiosa. Desafeição religiosa. Censo IBGE 2010. Belo Horizonte. Sociologia religiosa Abstract The article revisits the religious conceptual pair belonging / disaffection, used by the "sociology of religion" in the 1950s and 1960s, to analyze the factors of loss of faithful by Catholic Church, as shown in the 2010 census. The text is based on data from a survey conducted in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte in 2012. Based on this research, the article shows that the decrease of the faithful is not due to conversion but due to the mere transit of Catholicism to another religion. The root of religious disaffection is the loss of faith in the necessity of sacramental mediation of the Church for eternal salvation and in the sacrificial character of the mass. It can be counterbalanced by the family religious belonging, but data signs that they also are weakening. The article concludes that, in the

  19. Social Phobia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Social Phobia KidsHealth > For Teens > Social Phobia Print A A ... anxiety condition called social phobia. What Is Social Phobia? Social phobia (also called social anxiety ) is a ...

  20. Acerca de la influencia de las creencias religiosas en los procesos de estratificación social en Estados Unidos, desde una perspectiva de método y teoría aplicados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Arriaga Martínez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available en este artículo se aborda la experiencia socioeconó - mica de los mexicanos y los chinos de Estados Unidos, desde una perspectiva en la que los problemas de método, teoría y aplicación constituyen la mayor preocupación. Se destaca la utilidad heurística del individualismo metodoló - gico y la teoría general de la racionalidad, para explicar los resultados de esta experiencia en términos de estratifica - ción social. Se aclaran las dificultades de aplicación teórica, derivadas del corolario weberiano, en el que descansa el a priori hipotético planteado aquí, que considera las ideas y las creencias religiosas como elementos susceptibles de inhibir o estimular los procesos de estratificación social. Se demuestra la pertinencia de dicho a priori hipotético, aun cuando la realidad social en materia de estratificación social –favorable a los católicos de ascendencia europea y a los chino-estadounidenses– pueda ser materia para cues - tionar la tesis de Weber con respecto al catolicismo y el confucianismo.

  1. Social opdrift - social arv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejrnæs, Morten; Gabrielsen, G.; Nørrung, Per

    "Social opdrift - social arv" stiller på flere måder spørgsmål ved begrebet social arv. Bogen konkluderer blandt andet, at langt de fleste børn, der opvokser i en socialt belastet familie, bliver velfungerende voksne. Professionelle, der møder socialt belastede familier, har derfor et stort ansvar....... Naturligvis skal der tages hånd om udsatte børn, men det kræver samtidig stor opmærksomhed at sørge for, at fokuseringen på den sociale arv ikke tager overhånd, så det bliver en selvopfyldende profeti."Social opdrift - social" arv viser, hvordan forskningsresultater er blevet fremlagt på en måde, som har...... medvirket til at skabe en skæv opfattelse af, at forældrenes problemer er hovedårsag til børns sociale problemer. I selvstændige analyser vises, hvordan data, der normalt bruges som "bevis" for den sociale arvs betydning, tydeligt illustrerer, at det er en undtagelse, at børn får sociale problemer af samme...

  2. Social capital

    OpenAIRE

    Landhäußer, Sandra; Ziegler, Holger

    2003-01-01

    This paper surveys research on social capital. We explore the concepts that motivate the social capital literature, efforts to formally model social capital using economic theory, the econometrics of social capital, and empirical studies of the role of social capital in various socioeconomic outcomes. While our focus is primarily on the place of social capital in economics, we do consider its broader social science context. We argue that while the social capital literature has produced many i...

  3. Social Ontology and Social Cognition

    OpenAIRE

    Lo Presti, Patrizio

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to show that there is a reciprocal dependency relationship between social cognition and social ontology. It is argued that, on the one hand, the existence conditions of socially meaningful objects and of social groups are about subjects’ social cognitive processes and interactive patterns and, on the other hand, social cognitive processes and interactive patterns are modulated by socially meaningful objects and social groups. I proceed from a historically informed dis...

  4. Epidemiologia social Social epidemiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Barradas Barata

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da emergência da epidemiologia social concomitantemente ao surgimento da epidemiologia como disciplina científica, destacando as condições teóricas e epistemológicas desse aparecimento. Em seguida são enfocadas as razões para o declínio dessa abordagem, assim como para seu ressurgimento na década de 60, no século XX. São apresentadas as diferentes correntes teóricas atualmente vigentes na epidemiologia social, destacando as características gerais e as limitações de cada uma delas. Especial atenção é dada às seguintes formulações: a eco-epidemiologia proposta por Mervin Susser, a teoria do capital social, a perspectiva do curso de vida, a teoria da produção social da doença e a teoria ecosocial elaborada por Nancy Krieger. O panorama traçado pretende demonstrar a vitalidade dessa abordagem, bem como indicar a diversidade de aspectos em seu interior. Para finalizar são apontados alguns dilemas e desafios.This paper reviews the latest trends in social epidemiology. It analyzes the emergence of epidemiology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century focusing on the main characteristics of the episteme of the period. This paper also analyzes the decline of the social approach in the beginning of the twentieth century and the resurgence of social interest in the sixties. The multiple approaches of social epidemiology currently adopted are commented. The study also emphasizes Susser's proposal of ecoepidemiology, describing its characteristics and pointing out limitations. Next, there is a discussion of the social capital theory and its potentialities for epidemiological studies. The life course perspective is also analyzed, mentioning its psychological and material versions. Latin America's social production of the health and disease process is presented along with an overview of Nancy Krieger's social ecoepidemiology. Finally, some dilemmas and challenges for the future are presented.

  5. Epidemiologia social Social epidemiology

    OpenAIRE

    Rita Barradas Barata

    2005-01-01

    Este artigo trata da emergência da epidemiologia social concomitantemente ao surgimento da epidemiologia como disciplina científica, destacando as condições teóricas e epistemológicas desse aparecimento. Em seguida são enfocadas as razões para o declínio dessa abordagem, assim como para seu ressurgimento na década de 60, no século XX. São apresentadas as diferentes correntes teóricas atualmente vigentes na epidemiologia social, destacando as características gerais e as limitações de cada uma ...

  6. [Social anxiety].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabel-Sarron, Christine

    2010-06-20

    Social anxiety disorders are various, frequent and invalidant. Social phobia is characterized by marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur including, for example, fear of public speaking. In clinical setting, the majority of social phobics report fears of more than one type of social situation. Social phobia tends to develop early in life, with a life time prevalence of 2-4%. Pharmacotherapy and behavioural and cognitive therapy are communly used.

  7. EL PORVENIR DE UNA COLECCIÓN. CULTURA BURGUESA, IDENTIDAD Y MEMORIA PÚBLICA A TRAVÉS DEL MUSEO MUNICIPAL DE ARTE DECORATIVO “FIRMA Y ODILO ESTÉVEZ” DE ROSARIO/The future of a Collection. Bourgeois culture, identity, and public memory through the Museo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo C. Simonetta

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo reconstruye, apelando a un enfoque que conjuga los aportes de la historia social, la historia cultural y los estudios museológicos sobre patrimonio, el derrotero de una colección privada de arte reunida por el matrimonio conformado por Firma Mayor y Odilo Estévez Yáñez, dos integrantes del grupo social dominante que sentó las bases para la construcción de un orden burgués en la ciudad de Rosario a principios del siglo XX. Estudia además el papel central que jugó –y aún juega– este acervo, por un lado, en la creación de uno de los principales museos que existen actualmente en la localidad, el Museo Municipal de Arte Decorativo “Firma y Odilo Estévez”; y, por el otro, en la configuración de la identidad y memoria pública de estos coleccionistas que los perpetuarán como figuras destacadas del pasado local en el imaginario institucional y colectivo a través de los objetos que alguna vez les pertenecieron.Abstract The article reconstructs, appealing to a focus that conjugates the contributions of the social history, the cultural history and the museological studies of patrimony, the history of a private collection of art gathered by the marriage conformed by Firma Mayor and Odilo Estévez Yáñez, two members of the dominant social group that sat down the basis for the construction of a bourgeois order in the city of Rosario at the beginning of the XX century. The essay also studies the central paper that played –and still plays– this collection, on one hand, in the creation of one of the main museums that exist at the moment in the town, the Museo Municipal de Arte Decorativo “Firma y Odilo Estévez”; and, in the other hand, its incidence in the configuration of these collectors’ cultural identity and public memory that will perpetuate them as prominent people of the local past in the institutional and collective imaginary through the objects that belonged to them at some time.

  8. Social relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Due, P; Holstein, B; Lund, R

    1999-01-01

    ,011. The postal questionnaires were answered by a random sample in each of the age groups. The results show marked age and gender differences in both the structure and the function of social relations. The social network, measured as weekly contacts, weakens with age and so does instrumental support. Emotional......We introduce a conceptual framework with social relations as the main concept and the structure and the function of social relations as subconcepts. The structure of social relations covers aspects of formal relations and social network. The function of social relations covers social support......, social anchorage and relational strain. We use this conceptual framework to describe social relations in the Danish population, with questionnaire data from the Danish Longitudinal Health Behaviour Study including a random sample of each of the age groups 25-, 50-, 60-and 70-year olds, N = 2...

  9. Social economy and social enterprise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars

    2011-01-01

    The social policy agenda in the decades to come will be marked an ageing population on a global scale and by increased and diversified expectations from citizens in the need of work and social service. Public budgets for social service such as health, education and welfare including social work...... practice will be put under increasing pressure. There is a difference between a social economy approach to the third sector and an approach based upon the notion of a non-profit constraint. Social economy is well positioned as a third sector to play a core role in meeting this urgency. But how does...... the social economy fit with current strategies in the areas of welfare policies and social service? Is it as a certain type of social entrepreneurship an integral part of a social innovation of the mainstream market economy or is it part of an emerging counter discourse in the sense of a participatory non...

  10. Social knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hemelrijk, Charlotte; Jensen, K.; Silk, J.B.; Andrews, K.; Bshary, Redouan; Cheney, D.L.; Menzel, Randolf; Fischer, Julia

    2011-01-01

    Simply put, social cognition comprises cognitive processes that are applied to social behavior. That may sound trivially obvious; however, there are some tricky waters to be navigated in this thimble-sized definition.

  11. Sociale problemer og sociale afvigelser - sociologisk set

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars Skov

    2002-01-01

    The arcticle presents central classical sociological theories of social problems and social deviance.......The arcticle presents central classical sociological theories of social problems and social deviance....

  12. Social Mobility and Social Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sewell, William H.

    1978-01-01

    Examines data related to social mobility and social participation of Americans. Topics include educational and occupational mobility; voting; volunteer work; charitable giving; community participation; views on religion; and anomie. For journal availability, see SO 506 144. (Author/DB)

  13. [Social palliation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Holger; Langkilde, Lisbeth

    2007-10-29

    In the WHO's definition of palliative care, social support plays an important part. When a person is dying, social issues regarding the present and future wellbeing of his/her family will often be of great concern. Social aspects of palliation can be divided into two major areas--social counselling and psycho-social work. The first concerns help to maintain an income and to establish sufficient help to enable the dying person and his/her family to live as well as possible. The second involves help to deal with the new and difficult situation for both the dying person and his/her family.

  14. Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda

    2015-01-01

    In social entrepreneurship, social innovation and human economy coexist with democratic governance and volunteerism in the development of new initiatives and responses to wicked welfare problems. Volunteerism in social entrepreneurship takes up a prominent position, leading to the birth of new...... marginal citizens, to create sustainable enterprises in a new economy, to strengthen the local community, to renew welfare services and labour strategies, and to develop social enterprise and business models. Adding to these objectives we can include democracy and participation, and positioning...

  15. Social Bricks?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    2016-01-01

    and construction of housing and neighbourhoods. It is put forward that a certification has to take into account the housing complex’ or neighbourhood’s relation to the surrounding city, its development over time, its flexibility towards future needs and its social organisation and operation. Further, the interplay......Can social sustainability be built? In this paper the potentialities and challenges of the concept of social sustainability are explored based on a collaboration project between the Danish Building Research Institute, a Danish social housing association and the Green Building Council Denmark......, aiming to better integrate standards of social sustainability in the application of certification systems like DGNB. The paper relates theory on social sustainability to the ways it is used in practice, and discusses whether and how social sustainability can be measured and certified in renewal...

  16. (Social constructionism and social psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janez Bečaj

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available In the second half of the 20th century a number of alternative approaches to positivistic and individualistic traditional social psychology appeared. Among them most important are social representations, social identity theory and especially a variety of different orientations usually labelled as social constructionism. What all those approaches have in common is radical change on the metatheoretical level. It could be said that new approaches are quite promising, but it seems that epistemological and ontological questions as well as problems of social motivation are not yet satisfactory clarified. It seems that the identity of psychology depends on the resolution of this theoretical uncertainties.

  17. Social Entrepreneurship and Social Entreprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Migrant women stepping into ethnic catering; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for sale; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to start social businesses; or former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for an honest lifestyle....... These initiatives capture the transformative power of social enterprise and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case. Social enterprises and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way...

  18. Social Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina ENACHE

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The field of social business is growing rapidly and attracting increased attention from many sectors. The term itself shows up frequently in the media, is referenced by public officials, have become common on universities. The reasons behind the popularity of social entrepreneurship are many. On the most basic level, there’s something inherently interesting and appealing about entrepreneurs and the stories of why and how they do what they do. The interest in social entrepreneurship transcends the phenomenon of popularity and fascination with people. Social entrepreneurship signals the imperative to drive social change, and it is that potential payoff, with its lasting, transformational benefit to society, that sets the field and its practitioners apart. Although the potential benefits offered by social entrepreneurship are clear to many of those promoting and funding these activities, the actual definition of what social entrepreneurs do to produce this order of magnitude return is less clear. In fact, we would argue that the definition of social entrepreneurship today is anything but clear. As a result, social entrepreneurship has become so inclusive that it now has an immense tent into which all manner of socially beneficial activities fit. In some respects this inclusiveness could be a good thing. If we can achieve a rigorous definition, then those who support social entrepreneurship can focus their resources on building and strengthening a concrete and identifiable field. Absent that discipline, proponents of social entrepreneurship run the risk of giving the skeptics an ever-expanding target to shoot at, and the cynics even more reason to discount social innovation and those who drive it.

  19. What's social about social learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyes, Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    Research on social learning in animals has revealed a rich variety of cases where animals--from caddis fly larvae to chimpanzees--acquire biologically important information by observing the actions of others. A great deal is known about the adaptive functions of social learning, but very little about the cognitive mechanisms that make it possible. Even in the case of imitation, a type of social learning studied in both comparative psychology and cognitive science, there has been minimal contact between the two disciplines. Social learning has been isolated from cognitive science by two longstanding assumptions: that it depends on a set of special-purpose modules--cognitive adaptations for social living; and that these learning mechanisms are largely distinct from the processes mediating human social cognition. Recent research challenges these assumptions by showing that social learning covaries with asocial learning; occurs in solitary animals; and exhibits the same features in diverse species, including humans. Drawing on this evidence, I argue that social and asocial learning depend on the same basic learning mechanisms; these are adapted for the detection of predictive relationships in all natural domains; and they are associative mechanisms--processes that encode information for long-term storage by forging excitatory and inhibitory links between event representations. Thus, human and nonhuman social learning are continuous, and social learning is adaptively specialized--it becomes distinctively "social"--only when input mechanisms (perceptual, attentional, and motivational processes) are phylogenetically or ontogenetically tuned to other agents.

  20. Social Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Linda Lundgaard; Hulgård, Lars

    2016-01-01

    The most striking slogans that characterize the ‘new’ discourse of social entrepreneurship have come to Denmark from the international scene, but we can nevertheless trace a significant historical equivalent in Denmark connecting the tradition for social economy to the co-operative movement...... and to decades of welfare modernisation incorporating people’s participation through cultural, political and economic objectives. In this chapter, we first give a brief introduction to social entrepreneurship and position it in relation to social enterprise. We then demonstrate its present relevance in Denmark...... through five current platforms for social entrepreneurship, showing how these are influenced both by international trends and the roots of the Danish experimental tradition. We conclude with a discussion of how social entrepreneurship appeals to fundamentally different strategies for the future of modern...

  1. Social preferences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gulløv, Eva

    2014-01-01

    indicates that children’s choices of playmates run along lines of ethnic and class divisions. The article will address this pattern and analyze its causes in order to understand why such lines of divisions are to be found in an institutional context designed to overcome social inequality and prevent social......The focus of this article is social divisions among preschool children in daycare centers. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in three daycare centers in Denmark, the analysis concerns young children’s social preferences. The ethnographic material shows that despite an explicit political ambition...... of daycares as means for social and cultural integration, lines of division do exist amongst the children. Such divisions are established in the daily interactions of the daycare, but they also reflect those of the broader society. With a focus on children’s interactions and social preferences, the material...

  2. Sociale problemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anders Bøggild; Rasmussen, Tove; Bundesen, Peter;

    Sociale problemer kan betragtes som selve udgangspunktet for socialt arbejde, hvor ambitionen er at råde bod på problemerne og sikre, at udsatte borgere får en bedre tilværelse. Det betyder også, at diskussionen af sociale problemer er afgørende for den sociale grundfaglighed. I denne bog sætter en...

  3. Social architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Hecksher, Kristine

    guidance practitioners should be seen more like social architects who are capable of instigating social practices in which young people can exchange their experiences, get proper and relevant advice rather than being looked at as expert professionals who provide information in 1-to-1 relationships...

  4. Justice sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquemain, Marc

    2007-01-01

    At first glance "social justice" cannot be considered as a "new word of power" since all powers have been reluctant to apply social justice. But if it is used to organize the "evaporation" of the reflexion on equality, then it can take a clearly conservative tone

  5. Social dumping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    bidrag til, at OK-2010 "landes" fredeligt, fordi aftalen giver fagforeningerne en væsentlig indrømmelse i indsatsen mod social dumping. Aftalen har rigtignok til formål at imødekomme et af fagbevægelsens centrale overenskomstkrav om nye redskaber i indsatsen mod "social dumping". Men hvad er det aftalen...

  6. Social Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    The present understanding of LCM as a product management system supported by a number of tools and methods does not pay attention to the importance of social practices that the employees develop in relation to the systematic approach. A new conceptual model of LCM including the social practices i...

  7. Social Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social and Labour Bulletin, 1983

    1983-01-01

    This group of articles discusses a variety of studies related to social security and retirement benefits. These studies are related to both developing and developed nations and are also concerned with studying work conditions and government role in administering a democratic social security system. (SSH)

  8. Social konstruktionisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch-Jensen, Peter

    2007-01-01

    I bidraget formidles grundtanker og grundbegreber i social konstruktionismen på en let tilgængelig og underholdende måde til gymnasieelever og universitetsstuderende.......I bidraget formidles grundtanker og grundbegreber i social konstruktionismen på en let tilgængelig og underholdende måde til gymnasieelever og universitetsstuderende....

  9. Social Aesthetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejsing-Duun, Stine; Buhl, Mie

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we show how use of technology affects aesthetics to become increasingly social. The article looks at semi-organized structures that allow people to negotiate visual practices in their everyday lives. These structures emerge resulting in social aesthetics, i.e., aesthetics...

  10. Social indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, E B; Parke, R

    1975-05-16

    The notions of social indicators and social accounting, expressed by analogy with the national economic accounts, generated excitement in the 1960's, and the interest continues to grow if we may judge from governmental activity and the publication of programmatic and research papers. But the concepts which focused much of the early enthusiasm gave exaggerated promise of policy applications and provided an unproductive basis for research. The essential theoretical prerequisites for developing a system of social accounts-defining the variables and the interrelationships among them-are missing. It is now realized that evaluation research, particularly experimentation, must be relied on for evaluation of government programs. Through the development and analysis of descriptive time series and the modeling of social processes, we will be able to describe the state of the society and its dynamics and thus improve immensely our ability to state problems in a productive fashion, obtain clues as to promising lines of endeavor, and ask good questions. But these activities cannot measure program effectiveness. Finally, we must be skeptical about definitions of the social indicators enterprise which confine it to social engineering efforts. The issue is not whether social indicators are useful for policy but, rather, how this usefulness comes about. The interest in social indicators has stimulated a revival of interest in quantitative, comparative, social analysis (60), in the analysis of social change, in conceptual and measurement work on such topics as prejudice, crime, and learning, and in the development of models of social processes. The fruit of these efforts will be more directly a contribution to the policy-maker's cognition than to his decisions. Decision emerges from a mosaic of inputs, including valuational and political, as well as technical components. The work we have described deals with only one type of input; it is a contribution to the intellectual mapping

  11. Social networks

    CERN Document Server

    Etaner-Uyar, A Sima

    2014-01-01

    The present volume provides a comprehensive resource for practitioners and researchers alike-both those new to the field as well as those who already have some experience. The work covers Social Network Analysis theory and methods with a focus on current applications and case studies applied in various domains such as mobile networks, security, machine learning and health. With the increasing popularity of Web 2.0, social media has become a widely used communication platform. Parallel to this development, Social Network Analysis gained in importance as a research field, while opening up many

  12. Emprendimiento social

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás Martínez, Catalina

    2014-01-01

    Durante las dos últimas décadas, el emprendimiento social se ha convertido en un fenómeno relevante, ya que soluciona cuestiones sociales críticas que los gobiernos han desatendido o no han sido capaces de resolver. De hecho, este tipo de iniciativa empresarial ha llegado a ser considerada como un mecanismo necesario para ayudar en las zonas consideradas no rentables por el sector privado. En los últimos quince años ha aumentado el interés y la atención por el emprendimiento social. Esto p...

  13. Social Computing

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2011-01-01

    The past decade has witnessed a momentous transformation in the way people interact with each other. Content is now co-produced, shared, classified, and rated by millions of people, while attention has become the ephemeral and valuable resource that everyone seeks to acquire. This talk will describe how social attention determines the production and consumption of content within both the scientific community and social media, how its dynamics can be used to predict the future and the role that social media plays in setting the public agenda. About the speaker Bernardo Huberman is a Senior HP Fellow and Director of the Social Computing Lab at Hewlett Packard Laboratories. He received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Pennsylvania, and is currently a Consulting Professor in the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. He originally worked in condensed matter physics, ranging from superionic conductors to two-dimensional superfluids, and made contributions to the theory of critical p...

  14. Social arv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    Denne publikation er det første arbejdspapir/rapport i serien om forskningsprojektet "Handlekompetence i pædagogisk arbejde med socialt udsatte børn og unge - indsats og effekt (HPA-projektet). Social arv og det deraf afledte begreb om 'udsatte børn', som er det samfundsproblem, der danner rammen...... om HPA-projektets intervenstionsdel og -analyser er ikke et entydigt begreb. Formålet med papiret er derfor at indkredse diskussionen om social arv set som reproduktion af ulighed og på den baggrund belyse relevante indikatorer som kan tjene som baggrundvariable i studiet af effekter i relation til...... samfundets institutionelle mulighder for at skabe fornyelse på det sociale område gennem social intervention...

  15. El porvenir de la universidad: consideraciones sobre el futuro en un contexto mundial

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo Pena-Vega

    2009-01-01

    Este artículo de ninguna manera pretende proponer una teoría sobre la situación de crisis de la universidad. Esta reflexión nos permite, a través de un cierto conocimiento, establecer un diagnóstico de la universidad. Observamos de una manera general, que hay convergencias en la caracterización de la crisis; más allá de múltiples situaciones, las reivindicaciones que se manifiestan sobre el futuro de la universidad tienen una base común: expresan su rechazo al universo ideológico neoliberal. ...

  16. Crisis económicas: lecciones de ayer, retos del porvenir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Antonio Medina Gutiérrez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de avanzar en la comprensión del origen de las crisis económicas que caracterizan el funcionamiento de la economía capitalista, el presente artículo estudia la llamada “crisis de la deuda” en América Latina durante los años ochenta, la cual condujoa la llamada “década perdida” en el desarrollo de laregión. Como conclusión, el artículo plantea la necesidad de ir más allá de las interpretaciones subjetivistas que ponen el peso explicativo en la avaricia de banqueros irresponsables, en la creatividad dañina de la ingeniería financiera o en la miopía de gobiernosy deudores privados impróvidos, y se centra en las características estructurales del modelo de inserción de América Latina en la economía global.

  17. Mesa Redonda "El Porvenir de las Humanidades en la Sociedad del Conocimiento"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wáshington Delgado Tresierra

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El texto es la transcripción de su intervención en una mesa redonda efectuada el 20 deagosto de 2003, que formaba parte de las actividades por el 450 aniversario de laFacultad. Lamentablemente, por fallas imperdonables del personal encargado de lafilmación, el texto presenta algunas lagunas, sobre todo en el remate final de laintervención. Sin embargo, por el interés de las ideas planteadas y a modo de homenajeal maestro, hemos optado por publicar el texto aun con esas deficiencias.

  18. El porvenir de una ilusión: la ideología del Buen Vivir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara CARIA

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es analizar el concepto y estrategias oficiales del «Buen Vivir» a través del filtro de las principales definiciones de ideología de las tradiciones marxista, psicoanalítica y cognitiva, como falsa conciencia, programa movilizador o discurso hegemónico y como mecanismo cognitivo de reducción de la complejidad. Para ello se contrapone el discurso oficial del «Buen Vivir» (recogido en la Constitución de 2008, los Planes Nacionales para el «Buen Vivir» 2009-2013 y 2013-2017, y en la publicística e intervenciones públicas de las máximas autoridades políticas del Ecuador con la orientación y resultados de las políticas públicas, que, en realidad, aspiran a lograr un proceso de desarrollo basado en una diversificación de la estructura productiva del país por ahora inédita.

  19. El porvenir de la universidad: consideraciones sobre el futuro en un contexto mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Pena-Vega

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de ninguna manera pretende proponer una teoría sobre la situación de crisis de la universidad. Esta reflexión nos permite, a través de un cierto conocimiento, establecer un diagnóstico de la universidad. Observamos de una manera general, que hay convergencias en la caracterización de la crisis; más allá de múltiples situaciones, las reivindicaciones que se manifiestan sobre el futuro de la universidad tienen una base común: expresan su rechazo al universo ideológico neoliberal. Asistimos a un desconcierto profundo que es la parte oscura, no formulada, difícil de interpretar, de la crisis actual del mundo de la universidad. ¿Qué va a pasar?

  20. Social Media

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Anlässlich der 10. Wissenschaftlichen Tagung „Soziale Medien“ am 27. und 28. Juni 2013 im Statistischen Bundesamt in Wiesbaden und in Fortsetzung des 2010 erschienenen Recherche Spezial Web 2.0 – Alle machen mit! werden in dieser Ausgabe in sechs Kapiteln Nachweise zu Veröffentlichungen und Forschungsprojekte der letzten drei Jahre zusammengestellt, die sich mit der Rolle von Social Media in verschiedenen Nutzungskontexten befassen. Social-Media-Dienste sind mittlerweile fester Bestandtei...

  1. Social Partners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tikkanen, Tarja; Hansen, Leif Emil; Guðmundsson, Bernharður

    2012-01-01

    based on a survey carried out in the Nordic countries in the regie of Nordic Council of Ministries the article deals with the role of social partners in senior and older workers policies and practises......based on a survey carried out in the Nordic countries in the regie of Nordic Council of Ministries the article deals with the role of social partners in senior and older workers policies and practises...

  2. Socializing Online

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Social networking sites bring about changes in social communication "I sent you a red Porsche today.You can establish a Porsche motorcade and launch a car race now!""I harvested a lot of tomatoes onmy farm." ...Currently,such dialogues are often heard among white-collar workers in cities.However, most are not rich enough to buy a Porsche as a

  3. Social Boycott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno de Paula Andrade Cruz

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – Based on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR aspects, Social Boycott is presented in this paper as an amplification of the Labor Boycott concept. Design/methodology/approach – A statistical experiment with 240 individuals has been carried out, so that it could verify if consumers’ perceptions related to the Management Context of Corporate Social Responsibility (MCCSR of the fictitious Alpha company has considerable impact on the variable Boycott Efficacy (BE, and on the Boycott Intention (BI. The ANOVA has been used to show causeeffect variable relationship. Findings – MCCSR impacts on BE (H1 and BI (H2. Thus, the Social Consumer’s boycott motivation is driven by the perception of the level of CSR management orientation a company has (anti-corruption internal measures, organizational climate, labor conditions and waste management during production process. While Labor Boycott restricts its analysis to labor conditions, the concept of Social Boycott incorporates all CSR aspects. Originality/value – This study presents Social Boycott definition and its insertion on consumer boycott literature - types of boycott and boycott motivations (ideological dimension. Thus, tangential analysis such as experiential dimension and a theoretical political boycott gap are discussed.

  4. INFORMATIONAL SOCIALIZATION: SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Innokentevich Gordin

    2016-02-01

    This issue is worth considering as through studying social effects of communication we may learn how informational socialization influences social well-being, self-identification and social mentality.

  5. SOCIAL PHOBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabu Supramaniam

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Social Phobia is a condition characterized by a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur. Exposure to the social or performance situation almost invariably provokes an immediate anxiety response. Although adolescents and adults with this disorder recognize that their fear is excessive or unreasonable, this may not be the case in children. Most often, the social or performance situation is avoided, although it is sometimes endured with dread. In individuals younger than 18, symptoms must have persisted for at least 6 months before is disorder is diagnosed. This diagnosis should not be given if the fear is reasonable given the context of the stimuli (e.g., fear of being called on in class when unprepared. The disturbance must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. This disorder is not due to a medical condition, medication, or abused substance. It is not better accounted for by another mental disorder.    

  6. Social Partners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Leif Emil

    2011-01-01

    the demographic change and promote opportunities for lifelong learning and career development among their senior members (45+). Workforce in the Nordic countries tend to be highly organised – especially the older workers. The social partners’ involvement in the discussion of sustainable society....... The findings showed, on one hand, that while some social partners have started very good work, for many the issues of lifelong learning and opportunities for career development for older workers are not on their agenda. Besides differences between the unions in regards many aspects and within most countries...... lifelong learning and career development to their senior members during their last 15-20 years in working life. In this issue the social partners can and should play an active role – indeed, a leading role if needed – among the other key actors in society....

  7. Social Enterprise Compliance with Social Marketing Peculiarity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Sandu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A challenging approach for social enterprise is considered the marketing approach. The profile of social enterprise raises the question whether or not this type of organization can comply with social marketing peculiarity. The reason for making this question is that a proper definition of marketing for social enterprises is needed for both managerial and marketing functions of the (social organizations. Thus, starting from a previous research of defining social enterprise, the aim of the paper is to adopt a theoretical position for connecting social enterprise to the social marketing peculiarity. The research is based on literature analysis and comparing the social marketing definitions, fitting to social enterprise’s profile.

  8. Epidemiologia social

    OpenAIRE

    Barata, Rita Barradas

    2005-01-01

    Este artigo trata da emergência da epidemiologia social concomitantemente ao surgimento da epidemiologia como disciplina científica, destacando as condições teóricas e epistemológicas desse aparecimento. Em seguida são enfocadas as razões para o declínio dessa abordagem, assim como para seu ressurgimento na década de 60, no século XX. São apresentadas as diferentes correntes teóricas atualmente vigentes na epidemiologia social, destacando as características gerais e as limitações de cada uma ...

  9. Social Constructionism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen T.

    In this paper a case is made for using social constructionist approaches in entrepreneurship studies. It is argued that this may result in some very important new insights that might not have been generated using traditional analytic and functionalistic approaches. Firstly, summaries of some...... of the different social constructionisms are given with a view to how they might be suitable for entrepreneurship studies. Special attention will be given to discourse analysis and deconstruction. Secondly, two preliminary studies using discourse analysis and deconstruction are presented....

  10. Social Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Social robotics is a cutting edge research area gathering researchers and stakeholders from various disciplines and organizations. The transformational potential that these machines, in the form of, for example, caregiving, entertainment or partner robots, pose to our societies and to us...... as individuals seems to be limited by our technical limitations and phantasy alone. This collection contributes to the field of social robotics by exploring its boundaries from a philosophically informed standpoint. It constructively outlines central potentials and challenges and thereby also provides a stable...

  11. Responsabilidad social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Viteri Moya

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Español:En el actual escenario mundial, los principales desafíos para las organizaciones provienen de los vertiginosos cambios del entorno. La globalización, la competencia, la tecnología, la responsabilidad social, el conocimiento y los activos intangibles, demandan a las empresas serias modificaciones en sus estructuras y estrategias

  12. Responsabilidad social

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Español:En el actual escenario mundial, los principales desafíos para las organizaciones provienen de los vertiginosos cambios del entorno. La globalización, la competencia, la tecnología, la responsabilidad social, el conocimiento y los activos intangibles, demandan a las empresas serias modificaciones en sus estructuras y estrategias

  13. Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    Digital Marketing and Ecommerce Professionals. 29 January 2010. 20 May 2010. <http://econsultancy.com/blog/5324-20+-mind-blowing-social- media...Statistics Revisited.” Econsultancy | Community of Digital Marketing and Ecommerce Professionals. 29 Jan. 2010. 20 May 2010. <http://econsultancy.com/blog

  14. Suburban socialities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oldrup, Helene Hjorth

    2009-01-01

    Suburban and residential areas have often been associated with everyday, routine and family relations, and this article explores how everyday life and sociality are changing in suburban areas in the context of what is variously called the post-industrial and borderless city. The article suggests ...

  15. Social Kapital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard; Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    Den første danske introduktion til et begreb, der i disse år får stadig mere international opmærksomhed inden for både økonomisk teori og samfundsvidenskaberne generelt. Bogen gennemgår de forskellige teoretiske tilgange til feltet og argumenterer for, at social kapital skal betragtes som en...

  16. Social Happiness and Social Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction   Social happiness is part of the social welfare component and depends more on social and economic determinants than on psychological and medical interventions. Meanwhile , it is one of the core concepts of sustainable development. Being happy is just one of the desirable wishes of life in every society . A nation is fresher and certainly wealthier when its citizens are happy. In this type of society , citizens have optimistic attitudes towards life and things around them. From 2000 onwards, variables such as happiness, hope in future , pleasure and satisfaction have been included as key variables in UN debates to determine level of development s in countries . This phenomenon is measured by the density of social networks and relationships , in many studies is associated with social health and happiness (Kawachi, 2008. Durkheim showed that suicide rates in populations with low levels of participation and social cohesion were more than cohesive communities (Halpern, 2005. Theorists argue that when people reach to a desired location or target , they become happy . According to Lerner, new communities are participatory societies in which modernization process is advanced , a move from traditional society to participatory society is inevitable. In t his view, economic participation means increased activity in the market and an increase in income, political participation means participation in elections , cultural participation means utilization of mass media and emotional involvement means empathy and psychological mobility (Lerner 1969: 86 .     Materials & Methods   This is quantitative study based on survey. We used Descriptive statistics and indicators such as dispersion and mean , standard deviation , minimum and maximum scores. For inferential statistics and to test the hypotheses, we used Pearson 's correlation coefficient and analysis of variance . A lso for explaining the social happiness variable , a stepwise multiple

  17. Social Engineering hits Social Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degenhardt, Werner; Wiele, Johannes

    Looking at social commerce, a bunch of bewildering phenomena attracts the attention of social psychologists. The way customers participate today shows attitudes and ethical behavior which cannot be explained from the inherent conditions of Web 2.0 environments alone. Fraud often succeeds, when you do not expect it, and honesty can be found under circumstances that do not support honesty at all. The current situation seems to result from customers assigning experience and ethics from real world business to virtual business environments. But there are indications that this situation may change. Social commerce could suffer as soon as customers would use its inherent weaknesses to their own advantage. The following article outlines first approaches to research into this topic.

  18. Esquizofrenia, habilidades sociales y funcionamiento social

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas Yust, Carlos

    2003-01-01

    Estudio acerca de las influencia que las habilidades sociales ejercen en el funcionamiento social del paciente. Se confirmó que las habilidades sociales ejercen en una forma derteminante el funcionamiento social. Las habilidades sociales definidas en térm

  19. Social Cohesion, Social Capital and the Neighbourhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrest, Ray; Kearns, Ade

    2001-01-01

    Outlines key dimensions of social cohesion, exploring whether societies are facing a new crisis in this area. Examines where contemporary residential neighborhoods fit into social cohesion debates, particularly regarding the interaction between social cohesion and social capital. Outlines key debates over social capital, showing how it can be…

  20. Teaching for social justice and social action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Harding, Susan R; Meyers, Steven A

    2013-01-01

    Social justice education involves promoting critical awareness of social inequalities and developing skills that work against these inequalities. This article describes a general theoretical framework for social justice education, describes general strategies for facilitating students' social justice awareness and engagement, identifies challenges to social education, and highlights articles in the special issue that address these themes.

  1. Social Media for Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spruce, Lanae; Leaf, Kaitlyn

    2017-01-01

    As the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, we are tasked with stimulating a national dialogue on race and helping to foster a spirit of reconciliation and healing. This directly impacts our social media practice and how we engage with digital audiences. It helps us reach new audiences, highlight relevant museum…

  2. Social media and social companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reep, Frans van der

    2010-01-01

    In this article, van der Reep argues the need for a new architectural priciple when desgining software systems. The Internet and its capacity to provide social media technology is creating a new P2P networked economy. An economy based around people working together and which will have a major impact

  3. Social information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando de Barros Campos

    Full Text Available Based on Erving Goffman's work, the article aims to discuss a definition of information centered on the type conveyed by individuals in a multimodal way, encompassing language and body in situations of co-presence, where face-to-face interaction occurs, and influencing inter-subjective formation of the self. Six types of information are highlighted: material information, expressive information, ritualized information, meta-information, strategic information, and information displays. It is argued that the construction of this empirical object tends to dissolve the tension among material, cognitive and pragmatic aspects, constituting an example of the necessary integration among them. Some vulnerable characteristics of the theory are critically mentioned and it is suggested that the concept of information displays could provide a platform to approach the question of the interaction order in its relations with the institutional and social orders, and consequently, to reassess the scope of the notion of social information analyzed.

  4. Socializing Online

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU YAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ "Ident you a red Porsche today. You can establish a Porsche motorcade and launch a car race now!" "I har-vested a lot of tomatoes on my farm"... Currently, such dialogues are often heard among white-collar workers in dries. However,rnost are not rich enough to buy a Porsche as a gift for a friend, and most do not actually have a farm. These virtual activities all happen on the social networking site KaixinO01, com.

  5. Turismo social

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa, José Armando Marques

    2002-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção. O trabalho discute as perspectivas da gestão local do desenvolvimento econômico no Brasil através do turismo, enfocando os tipos de estratégias que vem sendo adotadas e as possibilidades do planejamento social.

  6. Social Quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2012-01-01

    Anmeldelsen af Peter Herrmanns bog om global socialpolitik omtaler både forståelsen af, hvad social kvalitet er, og hvordan dette begreb er udviklet. PÅ denne baggrund er det muligt at forholde sig kritisk til fx. EUs måde at samtænke økonomi, beskæftigelse og socialpolitik på. Alternativt kan der...

  7. Social kompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    2002-01-01

    er disse kompetencer der beskrives nærmere i bogen ud fra forkseres bidrag på de valgte områder. Nøglekompetencen 'social kompetence' som er der er givet forlag til at definere nærmere som oplæg til indikatorudvikling opfattes som en blandt flere, der kab betrages som forudsætninger for at anvende...

  8. Attitudes, social representations and social attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Farr, Robert, M.

    1994-01-01

    This paper plays the role of the devil's advocate in relation to Colin Fraser's paper "attitudes, social representations and widespread beliefs". It argues for the alternative perspective which Colin identifies that social representations and social attitudes are epistemologically incompatible theories.

  9. Social Goals, Social Behavior, and Social Status in Middle Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.; Jamison, Rhonda; Wilson, Travis

    2013-01-01

    This study examines motivational precursors of social status and the applicability of a dual-component model of social competence to middle childhood. Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between self-reported social goals (social development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoid goal orientations), teacher-rated prosocial and…

  10. Social anxiety disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to participate in social functions. Social anxiety disorder affects the ability to function in work and relationships. ... Alcohol or other drug use may occur with social anxiety disorder. Loneliness and social isolation may occur.

  11. Entrepreneuriat social

    OpenAIRE

    Le Velly, Ronan

    2014-01-01

    International audience; L’entrepreneuriat social est une expression actuellement en vogue, dans les universités et les écoles de management qui lui consacrent un nombre croissant de recherches et de formations, dans les livres ou les journaux qui relatent les exploits d’hommes et de femmes capables de « changer le monde », dans les fondations telles que Ashoka, qui soutiennent l’action de ces entrepreneurs, mais aussi auprès des acteurs publics qui développent des partenariats avec les « entr...

  12. Epistemologia social

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciencias Humanas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política, Florianópolis, 2013 Ao longo da segunda metade do século XX a questão da relevância de variáveis sociais no empreendimento científico, a dimensão social do conhecimento, aproximou os campos da sociologia e da filosofia. Muitas abordagens e interpretações foram produzidas. Alguns teóricos abordam características sociais inerentes ao campo...

  13. Understanding Social Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vatrapu, Ravi

    2013-01-01

    , social media analytics, and social media management. Social media engagement concerns the organization’s strategic use of social media channels to interact with its internal and external stakeholders for purposes ranging from knowledge management to corporate social responsibility and marketing. Social...... media analytics refers to the collection, storage, analysis, and reporting of social data emanating from the social media engagement of and social media conversations about the organization. Social media management focusses on the operational issues, managerial challenges, and comparative advantages......“Social business” refers to the utilization of online social channels to conduct business. This chapter situates the notion of social business in the relevant macro trends in technology, business, and society and discusses the three critical aspects of social business: social business engagement...

  14. Social Insecurity

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    No, this is not the title of the latest horror film to appear on our screens, only a reflection of the very tense situation in which we find our two social mainstays: the health insurance scheme and pension fund. If both are in deficit today, this is not due to a lack of timely warning. For several years, the Member States have been asked to make decisions. However, with the exception of a few small measures, they continually delay the moment when they will truly have to face up to their obligations. We remind you that CERN is not only our employer, but also our State. When we join the Organization, we leave our national systems. CERN Council has supreme power to decide on the level of our salaries and of our social security. As far as the latter is concerned, the fact that the share of contributions is fixed at 1/3 for the staff and 2/3 for the Organization has often been the reason for much procrastination by Council. This waiting game could soon be over though, as this year will see the conclusions of t...

  15. Organizational Socialization: A Social Learning Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    ait i0ji..eey A"~ Idoefllpt) by block nombe,) Organizational Suchd i;dtion Modeling Social izat ion Processes Self-Control Social Learning Theory Impression...Bandura, 1977), social learning theory seems to best be able to meet these requirements and provide a meaningful framework for the under- standing...balance of the paper. 4 A SOCIAL LEARNING APPROACH Understanding the principles of social learning theory may be facilitated by" differentiating it from

  16. Social memory, social stress, and economic behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Taiki Takahashi

    2005-01-01

    Social memory plays a pivotal role in social behaviors, from mating behaviors to cooperative behaviors based on reciprocal altruism. More specifically, social/person recognition memory is supposed, by behavioral-economic and game-theoretic analysis, to be required for tit- for-tat like cooperative behaviors to evolve under the N-person iterated prisoner fs dilemma game condition. Meanwhile, humans are known to show a social stress response during face-to-face social interactions, which might ...

  17. SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN CROATIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Udovicic; Katarina Marosevic; Katarina Arnold Bratic

    2014-01-01

    Today, social entrepreneurship attracts growing attention in different sectors.. During the last two decades social entrepreneurship becomes focus of the researcher and theorist. Social entrepreneurs are seen as reformers that transform ways of performance in social and business sphere. The term of social entrepreneurship in different contests provides information about strategies of few highlighted organizations that encourage social progress In Croatia social entrepreneurship came in focus ...

  18. Women in Catholicism or the eternal absence = La mujer en el catolicismo o la eterna invisible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castilla-Vazquez, Carmen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: A partir de un trabajo de campo antropológico en las provincias de Huelva y Sevilla (España, el artículo reflexiona sobre la situación, la participación y las aspiraciones de la mujer andaluza en la religión católica. Las actividades femeninas en lo religioso se manifiestan, a menudo, como una prolongación de las tareas domésticas y por tanto menos visibles y a veces menos valoradas, mientras que las actividades masculinas son más perceptibles, en cuanto se producen en lo público, un espacio reservado a la masculinidad. Por otra parte, el artículo se acerca a las asociaciones voluntarias más importantes de Andalucía -las hermandades- y a los rituales más relevantes que desde éstas se organizan. En este sentido, se analizan las procesiones, las romerías, las visitas a los santuarios o el sistema de promesas para poner de manifiesto como a pesar de que la presencia y participación femenina en los rituales religioso populares es muy importante, el papel predominante y protagonista es sin embargo masculino. = Abstract: Based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in the provinces of Huelva and Seville (Spain, this article reflects on the current situation, participation and aspirations of Andalusian women in Catholicism. Female activity in the religious sphere is shown to often manifest as an extension of domestic tasks and, as such, is seen as less visible and often less valued. The activities carried out by men, however, are more perceptible in that they are enacted in public, a space traditionally reserved for men. The article also considers Andalusia´s most important voluntary associations -the Brotherhoods- and the rituals most relevant to them. As such, the processions, religious pilgrimages, visits to sanctuaries as well as the system of asking for religious favours are analysed. The outcome of such analysis is that, despite the importance of both the presence and participation of women in religious rites, the predominant role in such activities remains largely male.

  19. Understanding Social Entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    The importance of social entrepreneurship in social, cultural and economic terms is increasingly acknowledged. Drawing on data from the second Social Entrepreneurship Monitor report published by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) UK project, this article focuses on the social entrepreneurs who may grow the social enterprises of the future.…

  20. Social Depth, Social Media and Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Emin Babacan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social media showing itself in every aspect of daily life and changing and transforming individuals and society relations at all points. Due to the structural form, social media mainly allows individual use; but on the other hand, its development through a network connecting individuals makes it entirely social. In this respect, understanding the relationship between social media and youth, as one of dozens of elements that comprise the social structure and as one of the most important dynamics, is becoming extremely important. Meanwhile, an effort should be developed around the concept of ‘social depth’ which can be defined as the sum of many different elements of the social structure. What should be understood from social depth is construction of a mind that does not ignore the humanity accumulation of history but not fall into anachronism, seize and apprehend today and show will. And ability to penetrate this mind into all the elements and cells of social structure. In other words, what is necessary for harmony of a healthy body is mind and will. In this aspect, our study, which discusses theoretically social media usage of youth around the concept of social depth, focuses on understanding and apprehending the relationship of youth with social media around fundamental mind creating social depth.

  1. Socialization and Developmental Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccoby, E. E.

    1984-01-01

    Considers the divergent paths taken by research in cognitive development and research in social-emotional development, arguing that studies of socialization need to become more developmental. Discusses meanings of development that may affect the socialization process. (Author/CI)

  2. Social Security Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Languages Sign in / up The United States Social Security Administration Cost-Of-Living Adjustment (COLA) Information about ... replacement Medicare card Change of Address my Social Security Check out your Social Security Statement , change your ...

  3. Corporate Social Communication and Corporate Social Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ziggers, Gerrit Willem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide firms in the food and agricultural sector a model that enables them to assess their corporate social initiatives in conjunction with their stakeholders. Building on the concepts of corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate social performance (CSP) and the relational view the paper argues that firms can improve the results of their corporate social initiatives by setting up a dialogue with their stakeholders and to relate this to their internal or...

  4. Corporate Social Responsibility in Social Media Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlíček, Antonín; Doucek, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Part 11: Social Impact of EIS and Visualization; International audience; The paper describes corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication on Facebook and Twitter – how the companies use the social media for accomplishing their CSR communication goals. On the sample of ten global companies with the best CSR reputation research tracks down their social media activity, as well as posts, likes and comments of their customers. Observed companies on average dedicate about 1/10 of their socia...

  5. Social categories are shaped by social experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waxman, Sandra R

    2012-11-01

    A new study by Rhodes and colleagues offers insight into the development of social essentialism - the belief that members of social categories share essential properties (e.g., attitudes, psychological capacities). The challenge now is to consider these issues in children raised in the more diverse social environments that constitute the range of human experience.

  6. Socialization of Social Anxiety in Adolescent Crowds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Zalk, Nejra; Van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter; Kerr, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we looked at whether social anxiety is socialized, or influenced by peers' social anxiety, more in some peer crowds than others. Adolescents in crowds with eye-catching appearances such as Goths and Punks (here termed "Radical"), were compared with three comparison groups. Using data from 796 adolescents (353 girls and 443 boys; M…

  7. Social Representations as Dynamic Social Impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huguet, Pascal; Latane, Bibb

    1996-01-01

    Describes Social Representation Theory (SRT), an important and controversial development in European social constructivism. Argues that, although SRT and Dynamic Social Impact Theory (DSIT) come from different research traditions, they are complementary. Maintains that DSIT goes further in providing a clear mechanism for how dialog creates…

  8. Socialism in High School Social Studies Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns textbook analysis regarding the presentation of socialism in four leading high school social studies books, one in each of the following subjects: United States history, world history, United States government, and economics. Findings indicate that students relying on these texts to gain understanding of socialism and…

  9. The Social Activist and Social Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Martin Luther, Jr.

    This paper calls for the involvement of social scientists in developing programs and directions for social change. Their research could illuminate the social reform aspects of the civil rights movement and the consequences of the movement on minority-group activists, nonparticipants, and the majority group. Studies could also be made of the effect…

  10. Understanding social media logic

    OpenAIRE

    José van Dijck; Thomas Poell

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, social media platforms have penetrated deeply into the mech­anics of everyday life, affecting people's informal interactions, as well as institutional structures and professional routines. Far from being neutral platforms for everyone, social media have changed the conditions and rules of social interaction. In this article, we examine the intricate dynamic between social media platforms, mass media, users, and social institutions by calling attention to social media lo...

  11. Local Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sapuppo, Antonio; Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup

    2011-01-01

    Online social networks have become essential for many users in their daily communication. Through a combination of the online social networks with opportunistic networks, a new concept arises: Local Social Networks. The target of local social networks is to promote social networking benefits...... in physical environment in order to leverage personal affinities in the users' surroundings. The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the concept of local social networks as a new social communication system. Particularly, the preliminary architecture and the prototype of local social networks...

  12. Social architects in social systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Rie; Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Sommerlund, Charlotte

    Theoretical background Presently Europe is facing a key challenge to keep young people in the educational system, to maintain and to stimulate their motivation to develop as humans and professional in spite of the devastating economic crisis Europe is going through. Many see guidance as a key ele...... and Youth Directorate, City Office www.malmo.se/mangfaldiskolan. Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2001). Handbook of Action Research. London: Sage Publications.......-based knowledge and on building knowledge on equal terms (Härnsten, 1994). The idea is that research circles support knowledge creation as a joint venture where joint venture focuses on both the development of theory and the development of practice (Mørck & Huniche, 2006). Purpose and Design The overall purpose...... young people drop out and importantly, the challenges and limitations in doing guidance as we propose in this paper. References Dreier, O. (2009). Persons in Structures of Social Practice. Theory & Psychology, 19(2), 193-212. doi: 10.1177/0959354309103539 Härnsten, G. (1994). The research circle...

  13. Social Media, Deliberative Democracy and Social Mobilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Lerche; Bodington, Malene; Lerche, Søren

    , these approaches have all taken a normative & meta-theoretical approach to the subject & are rarely grounded in empirical research. Much has been written about using social media in a rationally, purpose-driven or strategic way, relating it to corporations, political organisations, and the latest in relation......Over the past 20 years, researchers have studied how the Internet frames deliberative processes. What is needed to create a framework for dialogue & engagement, & how can the Internet be used to create & support social communities? (Castells 2001, Dyson 1997, Rheingold 1993). However...... successfully used social media to mobilise people. An examination of Kirkeasyl (Church Asylum), a Danish social movement that mobilised people through social media, allows a better understanding of how social media can be used but also of how social media impacts the movements that use them. Kirkeasyl had...

  14. Social Decision Making Social Dilemmas, Social Values, and Ethical Judgments

    CERN Document Server

    Kramer, Roderick M; Bazerman, Max H

    2009-01-01

    This book, in honor of David Messick, is about social decisions and the role cooperation plays in social life. Noted contributors who worked with Dave over the years will discuss their work in social judgment, decision making and ethics which was so important to Dave.The book offers a unique and valuable contribution to the fields of social psychology and organizational behavior. Ethical decision making, a central focus of this volume, is highly relevant to current scholarship and research in both disciplines. The volume will be suitable for graduate level courses in organizational behavior, s

  15. Education and Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    The working paper is an attempt to structure the issue of education and social innovation and indicate topics that can be investigated further. Three aspects are outlined, the contribution of social innovation in educational provision, the educative dimension of social innovation and the issue...... of education for social innovation....

  16. Social polarisation in Aarhus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anders Bøggild

    2009-01-01

    This paper is connected to the phd. project: “Social polarisation in Aarhus” and will discuss the concept of social polarisation and related concepts as poverty, marginalization and social exclusion in developing a research strategy in studying social polarisation in the city....

  17. Social Browsing & Information Filtering in Social Media

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Social networks are a prominent feature of many social media sites, a new generation of Web sites that allow users to create and share content. Sites such as Digg, Flickr, and Del.icio.us allow users to designate others as "friends" or "contacts" and provide a single-click interface to track friends' activity. How are these social networks used? Unlike pure social networking sites (e.g., LinkedIn and Facebook), which allow users to articulate their online professional and personal relationships, social media sites are not, for the most part, aimed at helping users create or foster online relationships. Instead, we claim that social media users create social networks to express their tastes and interests, and use them to filter the vast stream of new submissions to find interesting content. Social networks, in fact, facilitate new ways of interacting with information: what we call social browsing. Through an extensive analysis of data from Digg and Flickr, we show that social browsing is one of the primary usa...

  18. Theory in Social Marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastings, Gerard; Brown, Abraham; Anker, Thomas Boysen

    2010-01-01

    The chapter looks at three important theories which help social marketers to think more systematically about the key questions they need to address:  (i) how does the target group or population feel about a particular behaviour (Stages of Change Theory); (ii) what social and contextual factors...... influence this positioning (Social Cognitive Theory and Social Norms) and; (iii) what offerings might encourage them to change their behaviour – or, those in a position to do so, to make the social context more conducive to change (Exchange Theory). Moreover, the chapter outlines how social marketers might...... benefit from a social epistemological approach....

  19. Social cognition in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frith, Christopher; Frith, Uta

    2007-01-01

    We review a diversity of studies of human social interaction and highlight the importance of social signals. We also discuss recent findings from social cognitive neuroscience that explore the brain basis of the capacity for processing social signals. These signals enable us to learn about...... the world from others, to learn about other people, and to create a shared social world. Social signals can be processed automatically by the receiver and may be unconsciously emitted by the sender. These signals are non-verbal and are responsible for social learning in the first year of life. Social...... signals can also be processed consciously and this allows automatic processing to be modulated and overruled. Evidence for this higher-level social processing is abundant from about 18 months of age in humans, while evidence is sparse for non-human animals. We suggest that deliberate social signalling...

  20. Advertising on social media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit Goyal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This communication reports the latest trends of advertising on social media. Social media advertising means to gain traffic or attention of online users through social media sites. Today, when a user thinks about buying something, he first comes to the internet, searches for that product, compares its price with other competing brands and takes a decision, which one to buy. In this write-up, author has discussed many aspects concerning advertising through social media, viz., what is social media? What is the impact of social media on mainstream media, why to advertise on social media? and what should be the strategy for advertising on social media. The author is of the view that in the year 2013, $4 billion will be spent on social media advertising across the globe and social media industry will generate over 1,00,000 new jobs all around the world.

  1. Social Balance Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Hokky Situngkir; Deni Khanafiah

    2004-01-01

    We construct a model based on social balance theory proposed by Fritz Heider to analyze the interpersonal network among social agents. The model of social balance theory provides us an interesting tool to see how a social group evolves to the possible balance state. We introduce the balance index that can be used to measure social balance in macro structure level (global balance index) or in micro structure (local balance index) to see how the local balance index influences the global balance...

  2. Marketing w social media

    OpenAIRE

    Dorenda-Zaborowicz, Marta

    2012-01-01

    The precise definition of social media marketing is hard to establish, but it can be said that it is the methodical use of new technologies and social networks to achieve specific goals for a company. In simple terms social marketing means advertising a company through many different media, like viral videos and blogs, to achieve its maximum exposure. Nevertheless, social media marketing may also refer to advertising certain social issues, such as NGOs’ or civic actions’ promotion. Precyzy...

  3. Social Guerilla marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Hejkalová, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with the social guerrilla marketing and its aim is to analyze the social guerrilla campaigns and to evaluate the suitability of the guerilla marketing for the social issues. The theoretical part describes marketing communications, new trends in communication, including guerrilla marketing, and also social marketing and social guerrilla marketing. The practical part includes the market research of guerrilla campaigns. The chosen campaigns are introduced and afterwards ...

  4. Advertising on social media

    OpenAIRE

    Sumit Goyal

    2013-01-01

    This communication reports the latest trends of advertising on social media. Social media advertising means to gain traffic or attention of online users through social media sites. Today, when a user thinks about buying something, he first comes to the internet, searches for that product, compares its price with other competing brands and takes a decision, which one to buy. In this write-up, author has discussed many aspects concerning advertising through social media, viz., what is social me...

  5. Social media influencer marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Isosuo, Heli

    2016-01-01

    The marketing field is changing simultaneously with the digital world. Social media is getting more and more important to marketers, and there is a need to stand out in the social media noise. Social media influencer marketing could be a good alternative to other types of marketing. A need from the consignor and the interest of the author were the motivations for conducting the study. Sääskilahti Consulting has a social media influencer network Somevaikuttajat, which is offering social media ...

  6. Activation of social norms in social dilemmas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biel, Anders; Thøgersen, John

    2007-01-01

    Taking rational choice theory for granted, cooperation in social dilemmas may be seen as mysterious. In one-shot dilemmas where subjects unknown to one another interact and make their decisions anonymously, cooperation could even be regarded as lunacy. Several authors have challenged this view...... that rarely has been recognised in the social dilemma literature. Social norms imply that people should manifest a prescribed behaviour or not manifest a proscribed behaviour. Furthermore, social norms are often guiding behaviour in speciWc contexts, and many times they need to be activated......, though. Research has also identiWed various factors that imply why people cooperate or defect in social dilemmas and what motivations that might guide the decision in one way or the other. Here, a closer look will be taken at social norms as a reason for departure from rational choice, a factor...

  7. Social orphanhood in Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trapenciere I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The reform processes and the developments of social policy to solve the major social problems of the socially vulnerable population, among them, children in particular, take place in Latvia during the last 20 years. Protection of children rights is declared one of the strategic priorities of the state social policy. At the same time the problem of child neglect and child abandonment in Latvia has not yet been sufficiently conceptualized. Already since 1990-ies Latvian society has clearly faced with an objective necessity of solving problems of child abandonment in connection with an increasing number of social orphans. The situation was complicated by the fact that the formation of a fundamentally new system of social policy, social support and assistance to risk children had to be developed and implemented in conditions of economic transition to market economy relations, increasing social tensions, and sharp increase in social inequality and social discrimination. Among the enourmous number of economical and social problems in the developing democratic state, the issue of child abandonment as an important social problem has been addressed rather fragmentary. The term “social orphanhood” does not appear in the social policy vocabulary of the Latvian social policy doscourse.

  8. Socialization via Sport - Process of Re - socialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz KAPLAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Socialization is a process that a part of a specific culture and a specific member of society. The aim of this study is to discuss how sport effects to socialization of children and young, and re - socialization of adults.The study is a descriptive, theoretical and conceptive study. Acc ording to some studies that sport is an obtained gain in socialization process. Sport, especially team sports learned to children and young that how to behave in social group and how to control their behaviors. According a study, young people who after the start of sportive activities, its seen that “they evaluate their leisure time more beneficially” (98.6%, “they understand the importance of team working” (95.8%, “they are aware of their responsibility” (97.2% and “they gain planning study habit” (94,4 %. In addition to sport effected socialization that “understanding the importance of division of labor and solidarity” (93%, “be aware and be more careful of social rules” (92.3%, and “be tolerant of others idea and beliefs” (88.7% (Bulgu&Akcan, 2003;1 57 - 159. If the sportive activities be on children and young life, it’s an important and effective communication tools. Sport, improves social relationship and decrease social distance. Sport requires feel empathy with someone and improves the empathy hab it. Sport contributes the children and young for self - expression to be truer and better. Sport is an effective tool for to be important and meaningful part of group. Sport contributes the children and young for become integrated with a group. Also sport pl aying important role for reinforcement to solidarity and to gain the habit of obey the rules. Sport makes a major contribute socialization and re - socialization of children and young. Accordingly these results, sport has to play active role in social life a nd instructional program.

  9. Social cognition and social judgment in schizophrenia

    OpenAIRE

    Robyn Langdon; Michael H Connors; Emily Connaughton

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia typically involves poor social functioning. This may be due, in part, to deficits in theory-of-mind, the cognitive ability to reason flexibly about the mental states of others. Patients also have deficits in social knowledge. It is currently unclear how these two impairments interrelate in schizophrenia. To address this issue, 43 patients with schizophrenia and 25 healthy controls completed two theory-of-mind tests and a novel test of social judgment. This latter measure require...

  10. Social impact measurement in social entrepreneurial organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Shahrazad Hadad; Oana (Drumea) Găucă

    2014-01-01

    We live in a world where accountability (and thus the measurement of inputs and outputs) has become an institution due to the increasing demands of stakeholders, and where what gets measured gets valued. The purpose of the hereby paper is to address change and the impact of change upon society. Whether the change is caused by social innovation, social entrepreneurial organizations or social responsibility actions, it translates into a modification in the status quo of the society. Thus, the d...

  11. Leadership for Social Justice: Social Justice Pedagogies

    OpenAIRE

    Bogotch, Ira; Reyes-Guerra, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between educational leadership and practices of social justice is now entering its second decade with respect to empirical research studies. There have been three distinct research agendas: the first involves attempts to define the meaning(s) of educational leadership for social justice; the second is the descriptive documentation of school leadership behaviors which address social injustices and inequities within schools; and, the third focuses on the development of leadersh...

  12. Social Media Analyses for Social Measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schober, Michael F; Pasek, Josh; Guggenheim, Lauren; Lampe, Cliff; Conrad, Frederick G

    2016-01-01

    Demonstrations that analyses of social media content can align with measurement from sample surveys have raised the question of whether survey research can be supplemented or even replaced with less costly and burdensome data mining of already-existing or "found" social media content. But just how trustworthy such measurement can be-say, to replace official statistics-is unknown. Survey researchers and data scientists approach key questions from starting assumptions and analytic traditions that differ on, for example, the need for representative samples drawn from frames that fully cover the population. New conversations between these scholarly communities are needed to understand the potential points of alignment and non-alignment. Across these approaches, there are major differences in (a) how participants (survey respondents and social media posters) understand the activity they are engaged in; (b) the nature of the data produced by survey responses and social media posts, and the inferences that are legitimate given the data; and (c) practical and ethical considerations surrounding the use of the data. Estimates are likely to align to differing degrees depending on the research topic and the populations under consideration, the particular features of the surveys and social media sites involved, and the analytic techniques for extracting opinions and experiences from social media. Traditional population coverage may not be required for social media content to effectively predict social phenomena to the extent that social media content distills or summarizes broader conversations that are also measured by surveys.

  13. Social cognition and social judgment in schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Langdon

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Schizophrenia typically involves poor social functioning. This may be due, in part, to deficits in theory-of-mind, the cognitive ability to reason flexibly about the mental states of others. Patients also have deficits in social knowledge. It is currently unclear how these two impairments interrelate in schizophrenia. To address this issue, 43 patients with schizophrenia and 25 healthy controls completed two theory-of-mind tests and a novel test of social judgment. This latter measure required participants to judge whether various social behaviors were normal or reasonable in the context in which the behaviors occurred. Whereas patients demonstrated clear deficits in theory-of-mind, they performed similarly to controls when judging socially appropriate behaviors and violations of social norms. Patients, however, were less likely than controls to judge social behavior as reasonable when the behavior was impolite but understandable if the characters’ thoughts were taken into account. This latter difficulty correlated with patients’ performance deficits on the theory-of-mind tasks. Overall, findings suggest that basic social knowledge is intact in schizophrenia, though judgments of social behavior are affected by patients’ theory-of-mind deficits.

  14. The phenomena of social reality

    OpenAIRE

    Tina Kumelj; Barbara Turk

    2000-01-01

    Social reality originates from social interaction in a social group. It is consolidated with social consensus. It is transcendent and relatively stable. Social reality is maintained in relatively isolated, balanced social environment. Majority of members in a social group spontaneously reacts to deviations. These are characteristics which many authors contribute to social reality. If social reality is to be understood as a collection of social-psychological phenomena, of which the important f...

  15. Social video content delivery

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zhi; Zhu, Wenwu

    2016-01-01

    This brief presents new architecture and strategies for distribution of social video content. A primary framework for socially-aware video delivery and a thorough overview of the possible approaches is provided. The book identifies the unique characteristics of socially-aware video access and social content propagation, revealing the design and integration of individual modules that are aimed at enhancing user experience in the social network context. The change in video content generation, propagation, and consumption for online social networks, has significantly challenged the traditional video delivery paradigm. Given the massive amount of user-generated content shared in online social networks, users are now engaged as active participants in the social ecosystem rather than as passive receivers of media content. This revolution is being driven further by the deep penetration of 3G/4G wireless networks and smart mobile devices that are seamlessly integrated with online social networking and media-sharing s...

  16. Genesis of social entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kulothungan, Gladius

    – grants, donations and revenue streams generated by business activities and 4/ they seldom act alone but work within an organizational context. GK has done a number of English and Danish empirical case studies of different social enterprises and beginning the analyses of these.......The PhD thesis has a research subject and focus attempting to develop a sociological analysis of a form of social action in the shape of social entrepreneurship defined as a problem solving initiative. The thesis explores what kind of situations and circumstances – both external, in terms...... as social entrepreneurship - to social issues/problems. Social entrepreneurship has been conceptualized as innovative initiatives with a social mission to solve social problems. The research questions are: How does social entrepreneurship emerge? What are the triggers? – including a theoretical...

  17. La Institución Teresiana durante la Dictadura de Primo de Rivera. Una aproximación a su proyección educativa, social y pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosique Navarro, Francisca

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite its influence the Teresian Institute, founded by the priest Pedro Poveda in 1911, was little studied during the 1920s, not only educationally but also within its cultural and public scope. This group of catholic women –highlighting María de Echarri, Carmen Cuesta and Josefa Segovia– stand out by constituting a nucleus of women who were prepared and committed to re-Christian Spanish society at the time in the midst of a strong catholic-secular confrontation. A large number of them had obtained their degrees in the official Teachers’ Training College and carried out their professions as teachers in ordinary schools and as inspectors. Their collaboration with the rising Catholic Action for Women, their participation in the first National Congress of Catholic Education together with their own activities, show the significance of these catholic women in the social and political life but especially within the educational field in Spain during those years.

    Un grupo poco estudiado en los años 20 del pasado siglo a pesar de su influencia no solo en el ámbito educativo sino también en el cultural y público, es la Institución Teresiana, fundada por el sacerdote Pedro Poveda en 1911. Este grupo de mujeres católicas –entre las que destacan María de Echarri, Carmen Cuesta y Josefa Segovia–, destacan por constituir un núcleo de mujeres preparadas y empeñadas en recristianizar la sociedad española de estos años en medio de la dura confrontación catolicismo-laicismo. Buena parte de ellas habían obtenido sus títulos en la Escuela Superior de Magisterio y ejercían su profesión como profesoras de escuelas normales e inspectoras. La colaboración con la naciente Acción Católica de la Mujer, la participación en el Primer Congreso Nacional de Educación Católica así como sus propias actividades, dan cuenta de la significatividad de estas mujeres católicas en la vida social, política y sobre todo educativa de la Espa

  18. Social network data analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Aggarwal, Charu C

    2011-01-01

    Social network analysis applications have experienced tremendous advances within the last few years due in part to increasing trends towards users interacting with each other on the internet. Social networks are organized as graphs, and the data on social networks takes on the form of massive streams, which are mined for a variety of purposes. Social Network Data Analytics covers an important niche in the social network analytics field. This edited volume, contributed by prominent researchers in this field, presents a wide selection of topics on social network data mining such as Structural Pr

  19. Social representations of women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Estramiana, José Luis

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Social Representations is one of the most important theories in contemporary social psychology. Since the social psychologist Serge Moscovici developed his theory of social representations to explain how a scientific theory such as the psychoanalysis turns into a common sense knowledge many studies have been done by different social psychologists. The analysis of the social representations of women as represented in myths and popular beliefs is an excellent opportunity to study how this theory can be applied to this representational field. At the same time it makes possible to understand the formation of attitudes towards women

  20. Danish social enterprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars

    2006-01-01

    Nye organisationer som er drevet af innovation og entreprenørskab men fokuseret på sociale målsætninger og værdier er på vej frem i Europa. Bogen er en komparativ og tværvidenskabelig analyse af sådanne sociale virksomheder (social enterprises).......Nye organisationer som er drevet af innovation og entreprenørskab men fokuseret på sociale målsætninger og værdier er på vej frem i Europa. Bogen er en komparativ og tværvidenskabelig analyse af sådanne sociale virksomheder (social enterprises)....

  1. SOCIAL ECONOMY EFFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florina Oana Virlanuta

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The social economy combines profitability with social inclusion. Social innovation is the first step in the creation of a social enterprise. Social economy development is a process underway, innovative in terms of relating the individual to the production processes, the concept of citizenship, production areas and modalities. The concern for sustainable development, analysis of economic and financial crisis, the issue of the relationship between the individual and the production process open up many opportunities for development that can influence public policies on employment and social cohesion.

  2. Social Functions of Emotions in Social Dilemmas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J.J. Wubben (Maarten)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractSocial dilemmas, or situations in which individual and collective interests collide, elicit strong emotions. But are these emotions socially functional in that they help establish cooperation? Generally, they are, as four empirical chapters showed. In dyadic relations, refusal to return

  3. Do Social Rights Affect Social Outcomes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Mchangama, Jacob

    While the United Nations and NGOs are pushing for global judicialization of economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs), little is known of their consequences. We provide evidence of the effects of introducing three types of ESCRs into the constitution: the rights to education, health and social...

  4. Activation of social norms in social dilemmas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biel, Anders; Thøgersen, John

    Taking rational choice theory for granted, cooperation in social dilemmas may be seen as mysterious. In one-shot dilemmas where subjects unknown to one another interact and make their decisions anonymously, cooperation could even be regarded as lunacy. Several authors have challenged this view...... that rarely has been recognised in the social dilemma literature. Social norms imply that people should manifest a prescribed behaviour or not manifest a proscribed behaviour. Furthermore, social norms are often guiding behaviour in specific contexts, and many times they need to be activated....... Such an activation process is often unconscious and once a norm has been activated, people tend to keep following the norm that has been primed. We wish to add to the social dilemma literature by suggesting what kinds of norms that are likely to be activated under different conditions such as oneshot vs. iterated...

  5. From Social Practices to Social Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehm, Matthias; Krummheuer, Antonia Lina; Rodil, Kasper

    2016-01-01

    It has been shown that the development of social robots for the elder care sector is primarily technology driven and relying on stereotypes about old people.We are focusing instead on the actual social practices that will be targeted by social robots. We provide details of this interdisciplinary...... approach and highlight its applicability and usefulness with field examples from an elder care home. These examples include ethnographic field studies as well as workshops with staff and residents. The goal is to identify and agree with both groups on social practices, where the use of a social robot might...... be beneficial. The paper ends with a case study of a robot, which frees staff from repetitive and time consuming tasks while at the same time allowing residents to reclaim some independence....

  6. Visualization of Social Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boertjes, E.M.; Kotterink, B.; Jager, E.J.

    2011-01-01

    Current visualizations of social networks are mostly some form of node-link diagram. Depending on the type of social network, this can be some treevisualization with a strict hierarchical structure or a more generic network visualization.

  7. Sociale media als leermiddel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rubens, Wilfred

    2012-01-01

    Rubens, W. (2012, 5 juni). Sociale media als leermiddel. Presentatie over het gebruik van sociale media binnen het onderwijs, verzorgd tijdens een ouderraadbijeenkomst van de Katholieke Scholengemeenschap Etten-Leur, Etten-Leur, Nederland.

  8. Social Psychology as History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gergen, Kenneth J.

    1973-01-01

    An analysis of theory and research in social psychology reveals that while methods of research are scientific in character, theories of social behavior are primarily reflections of contemporary history. (Author)

  9. The Future Is Social

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s PR industry embraces social media Michelle TT Yang, Managing Director of Text 100 China, has found that convincing her old clients accept social media is becoming easier and easier. U.S.-based Text

  10. Professional social networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Robert D

    2014-12-01

    We review the current state of social communication between healthcare professionals, the role of consumer social networking, and some emerging technologies to address the gaps. In particular, the review covers (1) the current state of loose social networking for continuing medical education (CME) and other broadcast information dissemination; (2) social networking for business promotion; (3) social networking for peer collaboration, including simple communication as well as more robust data-centered collaboration around patient care; and (4) engaging patients on social platforms, including integrating consumer-originated data into the mix of healthcare data. We will see how, as the nature of healthcare delivery moves from the institution-centric way of tradition to a more social and networked ambulatory pattern that we see emerging today, the nature of health IT has also moved from enterprise-centric systems to more socially networked, cloud-based options.

  11. Social Set Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vatrapu, Ravi; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao; Hussain, Abid

    2016-01-01

    this limitation, based on the sociology of associations and the mathematics of set theory, this paper presents a new approach to big data analytics called social set analysis. Social set analysis consists of a generative framework for the philosophies of computational social science, theory of social data......, conceptual and formal models of social data, and an analytical framework for combining big social data sets with organizational and societal data sets. Three empirical studies of big social data are presented to illustrate and demonstrate social set analysis in terms of fuzzy set-theoretical sentiment...... analysis, crisp set-theoretical interaction analysis, and event-studies-oriented set-theoretical visualizations. Implications for big data analytics, current limitations of the set-theoretical approach, and future directions are outlined....

  12. Building a Social Newsroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zimmerman, Chris; Wessels, Henricus T. W. J.; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2015-01-01

    Insufficient data visualization in current social media tools is hampering opportunities to make effective meaning and take decisive action from social data. This paper presents the technical architecture of a prototype tool for Social Business Intelligence (SBI) under development. Adopting...... an Action Design Research approach, the goal of the 'Social Newsroom' is to provide practitioners with user interfaces for leveraging such affordances. The construction of specific interfaces is detailed including monitoring dashboards and insights pillars for visual analytics....

  13. Social Data Analytics Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Abid; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the design, development and demonstrative case studies of the Social Data Analytics Tool, SODATO. Adopting Action Design Framework [1], the objective of SODATO [2] is to collect, store, analyze, and report big social data emanating from the social media engagement of and social...... media conversations about organizations. We report and discuss results from two demonstrative case studies that were conducted using SODATO and conclude with implications and future work....

  14. Managing social media conversations

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to explore how companies can manage (monitor and control) social media conversations. Regardless of the companies’ presence in social media networks, they or their industry are constantly being discussed in social media. Therefore organisations should be present in social media, monitor and participate in conversations, in order to turn them into their benefit. There are software and services available to help in monitoring. Variety of tools and statistic de...

  15. The social media image

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    How do the organization and presentation of large-scale social media images recondition the process by which visual knowledge, value, and meaning are made in contemporary conditions? Analyzing fundamental elements in the changing syntax of existing visual software ontology—the ways current social media platforms and aggregators organize and categorize social media images—this article relates how visual materials created within social media platforms manifest distinct modes of knowledge produc...

  16. Division Level Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    networking , the pre-cursor to social media, began in the 1990s.2 Later the term social media became predominant and is the term uses throughout this paper...taken into account with regard to positive or negative effects on the organization? Most social media unit sites are open to the public, which...users. Facebook: a social networking website where users can create a personal profile, add other users as friends, and exchange messages and

  17. Social science that matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    2006-01-01

    Social science is headed down a dead end toward mere scientism, becoming a second-rate version of the hard sciences. We neeed to recognise and support a different kind of social science research - and so should those who demand accountability from researchers. This paper asks what kind of social...... science we - scholars, policy makers, administrators - should and should not promote in democratic societies, and how we may hold social scientists accountable to deliver what we ask them for....

  18. Handbook of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all...... the social sciences. The contributors explore the different scientific approaches that are all needed if international research is to embrace both the bright and the more shadowy aspects of social capital....

  19. Social media marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Adámek, Zbyněk

    2016-01-01

    This master's thesis deals with marketing and building communities on social networks with an emphasis on Facebook. Its purpose is to present the possibilities utilization of social networks in marketing with a focus on building communities. The thesis analyze the possibilities of using social network Facebook for the specific case of an internet portal then formulate proposals and recommendations for work and then evaluate the implemented activities. At first, the author defines the social n...

  20. Explaining Social Exclusion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerda Jehoel-Gijsbers; Cok Vrooman

    2007-01-01

    Although social exclusion has become a key issue on the European policy agenda in recent years, both the social phenomena the term refers to and the best way to monitor these remain unclear. In response to this, we developed a conceptual model for social exclusion and a methodology for its empirical

  1. Computational Social Network Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Hassanien, Aboul-Ella

    2010-01-01

    Presents insight into the social behaviour of animals (including the study of animal tracks and learning by members of the same species). This book provides web-based evidence of social interaction, perceptual learning, information granulation and the behaviour of humans and affinities between web-based social networks

  2. Nanotechnology and Social Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandler, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    The central claims defended in this article are the following: (a) The social and ethical challenges of nanotechnology can be fully identified only if both the characteristic features of nanotechnologies and the social contexts into which they are emerging are considered. (b) When this is done, a host of significant social context issues, or…

  3. Social Relationships and Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Sheldon

    2004-01-01

    The author discusses 3 variables that assess different aspects of social relationships-social support, social integration, and negative interaction. The author argues that all 3 are associated with health outcomes, that these variables each influence health through different mechanisms, and that associations between these variables and health are…

  4. Social big data mining

    CERN Document Server

    Ishikawa, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Social Media. Big Data and Social Data. Hypotheses in the Era of Big Data. Social Big Data Applications. Basic Concepts in Data Mining. Association Rule Mining. Clustering. Classification. Prediction. Web Structure Mining. Web Content Mining. Web Access Log Mining, Information Extraction and Deep Web Mining. Media Mining. Scalability and Outlier Detection.

  5. Social Media. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    The growing use of social media by students and adults is impacting schools. A recent Pew study found that 73% of teens use social-networking sites to connect with others. Social media includes blogs, wikis, and podcasts as well as sites such as MySpace, Facebook, and Linkedin. While such sites promote connection with others, their use has created…

  6. The social pillar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeroen Hoenderkamp

    2008-01-01

    Original title: De sociale pijler. Despite the extensive welfare state and intensive social policy, the Netherlands has for decades been faced with a number of stubborn social problems, with disadvantage that can apparently not be made good and with wrongs that are difficult to right. There is wide

  7. Social Set Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vatrapu, Ravi; Hussain, Abid; Buus Lassen, Niels

    2015-01-01

    of Facebook or Twitter data. However, there exist no other holistic computational social science approach beyond the relational sociology and graph theory of SNA. To address this limitation, this paper presents an alternative holistic approach to Big Social Data analytics called Social Set Analysis (SSA...

  8. Kali Linux social engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Rahul

    2013-01-01

    This book is a practical, hands-on guide to learning and performing SET attacks with multiple examples.Kali Linux Social Engineering is for penetration testers who want to use BackTrack in order to test for social engineering vulnerabilities or for those who wish to master the art of social engineering attacks.

  9. Social cohesion in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reverda, Nol

    2010-01-01

    This chapter explores the current discussions and policies towards social exclusion and cohesion in Europe. In a first section will briefly be identified how the wording in the social work discourse changed from originally the thinking in terms of poverty to the ideas of social cohesion nowadays. Th

  10. Social movements and science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jamison, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    The article examines the role of social movements in the development of scientific knowledge. Interactions between social movements and science in broad, historical terms are discussed. The relations between the new social movements of the 1960s and 1970s and changes in the contemporary scientific...

  11. Social Media in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Razmerita, Liana; Kirchner, Kathrin; Nabeth, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    By using social media, many companies try to exploit new forms of interaction, collaboration, and knowledge sharing through leveraging the social, collaborative dimension of social software. The traditional collective knowledge management model based on a top-down approach is now opening up new a...

  12. Social enterprise. Risky business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-15

    The skills needed to run a social enterprise are similar to those needed for conventional business. Accounts for social enterprises will have a 'double bottom line', showing social benefit as well as profit. Finding a good mentor is vital, as is setting out a clear vision and values in your business plan.

  13. El porvenir de la ética: La autonomía moral, un valor imprescindible para nuestro tiempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Papacchini

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Para el autor, la Modernidad ha dejado un sistema coherente de valores -dignidad, autonomía, solidaridad- que es necesario promover y desarrollar. En este ensayo, se pretende esbozar un balance crítico de la autonomía moral, respondiendo a las objeciones y criticas de quienes ven en ella un espejismo peligroso , una amenaza para la libertad o para los valores comunitarios.

  14. Pasado y presente de la ciencia política producida en Argentina : apuntes para un debate de su porvenir

    OpenAIRE

    Lesgart, Cecilia

    2007-01-01

    The article “Where is Political Science Going?” in which Giovanni Sartori makes a critical balance about the development and results of Political Science new-century, had cause hot arguments. And it adds up to other discussions, that shows their dissatisfied with a narrow and hegemonic definition of what Political Science is. Basically, those had has arose with the “behavioral revolution” that grow up in the Unite...

  15. Corporate Social Responsibility in Online Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Christian; Brem, Alexander; Wölfl, S.

    2014-01-01

    Considering growing public awareness of social, ethical and ecological responsibility, companies have constantly been increasing their efforts in CSR communications. Social Media as tools of brand communication receive increasing attention and it is expected that the marketing sector...... will experience changes through this phenomenon in the future. This empirical study investigates the types of content that is communicated for different brands and industries in leading Social Media portals on the German market in 2011. It turns out that this kind of CSR communication differs in terms of portals...

  16. Social Entrepreneurship for Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Durieux, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Discover how to bring social responsibility to your business. In today's business world, your bottom line isn't measured by your company's financial performance alone. Social Entrepreneurship For Dummies shows you how to implement social responsibility to your business plan in order to increase your bottom line. This book helps any social entrepreneur gain the necessary skills needed to change the system and spread the solution, while providing explanations of the most successful business tools being used today.: A complete reference on the ideas and processes associated with social entreprene

  17. Social Media, Collaboration and Social Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mondahl, Margrethe; Razmerita, Liana

    2014-01-01

    a social media-enhanced collaborative learning environment in case-based teaching of foreign languages. Based on social constructivismwe argue that foreign language learning is an individual as well as collaborative process and cognitive processes underlying learning and in particular foreign language....... The case-study findings indicate that collaborative learning processes that are embedded in a social media enhanced learning platform are supportive and conducive to successful problem-solving which leads to successful adult foreign language learning. Furthermore, the study reports on some......Social media has created new possibilities for digitally native students to engage, interact and collaborate in learning tasks that foster learning processes and the overall learning experience. Using both qualitative and quantitative data, this article discusses experiences and challenges of using...

  18. Social Anthropology and Social Science History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kertzer, David I

    2009-01-01

    In the 1970s, when the social science history movement emerged in the United States, leading to the founding of the Social Science History Association, a simultaneous movement arose in which historians looked to cultural anthropology for inspiration. Although both movements involved historians turning to social sciences for theory and method, they reflected very different views of the nature of the historical enterprise. Cultural anthropology, most notably as preached by Clifford Geertz, became a means by which historians could find a theoretical basis in the social sciences for rejecting a scientific paradigm. This article examines this development while also exploring the complex ways cultural anthropology has embraced-and shunned-history in recent years.

  19. Computational Social Creativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Rob; Bown, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews the development of computational models of creativity where social interactions are central. We refer to this area as computational social creativity. Its context is described, including the broader study of creativity, the computational modeling of other social phenomena, and computational models of individual creativity. Computational modeling has been applied to a number of areas of social creativity and has the potential to contribute to our understanding of creativity. A number of requirements for computational models of social creativity are common in artificial life and computational social science simulations. Three key themes are identified: (1) computational social creativity research has a critical role to play in understanding creativity as a social phenomenon and advancing computational creativity by making clear epistemological contributions in ways that would be challenging for other approaches; (2) the methodologies developed in artificial life and computational social science carry over directly to computational social creativity; and (3) the combination of computational social creativity with individual models of creativity presents significant opportunities and poses interesting challenges for the development of integrated models of creativity that have yet to be realized.

  20. Human social genomics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven W Cole

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural "social signal transduction" pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving.

  1. The Social and Political Role of Social Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何姣玥

    2014-01-01

    Social media such as Blog, Facebook, Twitter, Youtube and so on are not only use for entertainment and communica-tion, but also plays social and political role on people’s daily life. Whether social media enhance democracy or not and how social media impact on journalism and the issues of social media, especially the social networking will be discusses on this article.

  2. Wayfinding in Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liben-Nowell, David

    With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

  3. Social Media Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stohl, Cynthia; Etter, Michael; Banghart, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Three global developments situate the context of this investigation: the increasing use of social media by organizations and their employees, the burgeoning presence of social media policies, and the heightened focus on corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this study the intersection...... of these trends is examined through a content analysis of 112 publicly available social media policies from the largest corporations in the world. The extent to which social media policies facilitate and/or constrain the communicative sensibilities and values associated with contemporary notions of CSR...... negotiation and participation in the social responsibilities of corporations. Moreover, policies generally enact organizational communication practices that are contrary to international CSR guidelines (e.g., the UN Global Compact and other international agreements). Findings suggest that social media...

  4. INFORMATIONAL SOCIALIZATION: SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Innokentevich Gordin

    2016-01-01

    The modern academic community regards the informational socialization phenomenon to be inseparably linked to the information society development and, particularly, the advance of new information technologies. However, initially socialization rests on communication that is the direct exchange of information among people, but in recent decades the process of information sharing has been implemented mainly through various gadgets. New virtual forms of communication, nevertheless, cannot substitu...

  5. [Poverty, social exclusion, social capital and health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Rey Calero, Juan

    2004-01-01

    Social capital is the social structure which facilitates the actions of individuals, stimulates production and allows for success. Poverty maintains basic needs unmet (food, health, autonomy) over time and unvoluntarily. Social exclusion does not allow individuals to participate in society. The following dimensions are assessed: financial poverty, social inclusion, employment, health and education. Social participation, work integration, empowerment, self-esteem, and personal achievement should be promoted. In Europe 15% of people is exposed to poverty; in Spain corresponding figures are 13.4%, while for the elderly reached 21%. Extreme poverty affects 6.2% population and severe poverty 14.2%. Women and those living in Andalusia, Canary Islands and Extremadura are particularly affected, health inequality are for elderly, immigration, gender, social class, and should be reduced 10% for 2010. The Gini indez measures the income distribution; in the European Union (EU) it is 0.29 while in Spain is 0.33. Poverty and health are inversely correlated, health care expenditure in Spain is 7.5% og GDP. Life expectancy in U.E. is 75.5 years for men and 81.6 years for women, while in Spain it is 78 and 83.1 respectively. Infant mortality in EU is 4.5/1000, 4.1 per thousand in Spain. Lastly, the number of children per women in EU is 1.47 and in Spain 1.3.

  6. Social Work Education in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Marianne

    2005-01-01

    The development of the social work education and the education for social educators in Denmark. The undergraduate programs and the possibilities for further study within social work in Denmark.......The development of the social work education and the education for social educators in Denmark. The undergraduate programs and the possibilities for further study within social work in Denmark....

  7. SOCIAL SUPPORT AND STRESS - THE ROLE OF SOCIAL-COMPARISON AND SOCIAL-EXCHANGE PROCESSES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BUUNK, BP; HOORENS, [No Value

    1992-01-01

    This paper first presents four different conceptualizations of social support: social integration, satisfying relationships, perceived helpfulness and enacted support. Then, classic and contemporary social comparison theory and social exchange theory are analysed as they are two theoretical perspect

  8. The Social Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Sandvig

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Historical mass media and contemporary social media are typically seen as opposites. “The culture industry” was the term used by the Frankfurt School in the 1940s to explain the emerging commercial mass media. The culture industry was portrayed as a semi-fascist apparatus of indoctrination. It selected cultural products and made them popular based on obscure determinations of economic value. In contrast, the common view of contemporary social media is that it is more democratic. Using voting algorithms and human voting, social media can finally realize widespread participation that was denied to the passive audiences of the mass media system. Social media appear to remove the bottleneck of the mass media system, allowing everyone to aspire to celebrity, or at least popularity. However, despite these appearances, social media have also now evolved into an elaborate system that selects social products and makes them popular based on obscure determinations of economic value. Social media platforms filter, censor, control, and train—and they may do so without the user’s awareness. Advances in computation now make a social media industry possible that is based on individual difference and action rather than sameness and passivity. But in other respects, the social industry resembles the culture industry: the co-option of culture has been superseded by the co-option of sociality. The word “social” may then be the biggest challenge facing those who study social media. Our task is to rescue genuine sociality from the emerging social industry.

  9. Understanding Social Media Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José van Dijck

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past decade, social media platforms have penetrated deeply into the mech­anics of everyday life, affecting people's informal interactions, as well as institutional structures and professional routines. Far from being neutral platforms for everyone, social media have changed the conditions and rules of social interaction. In this article, we examine the intricate dynamic between social media platforms, mass media, users, and social institutions by calling attention to social media logic—the norms, strategies, mechanisms, and economies—underpin­ning its dynamics. This logic will be considered in light of what has been identified as mass me­dia logic, which has helped spread the media's powerful discourse outside its institutional boundaries. Theorizing social media logic, we identify four grounding principles—programmabil­ity, popularity, connectivity, and datafication—and argue that these principles become increas­ingly entangled with mass media logic. The logic of social media, rooted in these grounding principles and strategies, is gradually invading all areas of public life. Besides print news and broadcasting, it also affects law and order, social activism, politics, and so forth. Therefore, its sustaining logic and widespread dissemination deserve to be scrutinized in detail in order to better understand its impact in various domains. Concentrating on the tactics and strategies at work in social media logic, we reassess the constellation of power relationships in which social practices unfold, raising questions such as: How does social media logic modify or enhance ex­isting mass media logic? And how is this new media logic exported beyond the boundaries of (social or mass media proper? The underlying principles, tactics, and strategies may be relat­ively simple to identify, but it is much harder to map the complex connections between plat­forms that distribute this logic: users that employ them, technologies that

  10. Social Entrepreneurship and Mobilisation of Social Capital in European Social Enterprise - (Korean translation)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars; Spear, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Korean translation of ”Social Entrepreneurship and Mobilisation of Social Capital in European Social Enterprise”, with Roger Spear. In Marthe Nyssens (ed.) Social Enterprises: between Market, Public Policies and Community. London: Routledge.......Korean translation of ”Social Entrepreneurship and Mobilisation of Social Capital in European Social Enterprise”, with Roger Spear. In Marthe Nyssens (ed.) Social Enterprises: between Market, Public Policies and Community. London: Routledge....

  11. Marketing, Responsabilidad Social Corporativa y Empreendimiento Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Barreiro Pousa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La adopción del marketing, como enfoque para la gestión de los negocios hoy día resulta incuestionable para el logro de competitividad, eficacia y eficiencia, toda vez que en su adopción se encuentra la realización de intercambios de valor equivalentes y voluntarios que aseguran satisfacción a los participantes del proceso. Por supuesto, este proceso no es espontáneo ni automáticamente positivo en cuanto a la verdadera satisfacción de los consumidores y la sociedad en su conjunto, lo que conlleva la necesidad de abordar aspectos éticos en su aplicación, de lo cual no escapa siquiera el marketing social. El macro marketing se relaciona con los efectos (intencionales y no intencionales del marketing social. De manera que, con una perspectiva de macro marketing, los programas de marketing social deben ser diseñados de forma tal que sean compatibles con el bienestar individual y social. Esto es particularmente crítico en programas de marketing social cuyas consecuencias generen inequidades o injusticias en relación con otros públicos meta.

  12. Social in, social out: How the brain responds to social language with more social language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Matthew Brook; Falk, Emily B; Lieberman, Matthew D

    Social connection is a fundamental human need. As such, people's brains are sensitized to social cues, such as those carried by language, and to promoting social communication. The neural mechanisms of certain key building blocks in this process, such as receptivity to and reproduction of social language, however, are not known. We combined quantitative linguistic analysis and neuroimaging to connect neural activity in brain regions used to simulate the mental states of others with exposure to, and re-transmission of, social language. Our results link findings on successful idea transmission from communication science, sociolinguistics and cognitive neuroscience to prospectively predict the degree of social language that participants utilize when re-transmitting ideas as a function of 1) initial language inputs and 2) neural activity during idea exposure.

  13. SOCIAL ENTREPRISES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela PIRVU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of social economy concept is relatively new in Romania, but the interest of specialists and practitioners is growing because significant funds has been allocated to stimulate the development of social economy organizations and numerous supporting statements was made by the European Commission. The present paper realizes an exploratory approach on the concept of social enterprise in Romania and clarifies some notions, given the practices of social economy in recent years. Also, a typology of the Romania's counties in terms of the presence of social enterprises has been obtained. A series of data were collected by accessing sites of specialized institutions or requesting information under the Law regarding the free access to information of public interest. After their processing a territorial distribution of social enterprises in Romania was shaped.

  14. What is Social Constructionism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Andrews

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Social Constructionism has been instrumental in remodeling grounded theory. In attempting to make sense of the social world, social constructionists view knowledge as constructed as opposed to created. This paper discusses how social constructionists construct knowledge and argues that social constructionism is concerned with the nature of knowledge and how it is created and as such, it is unconcerned with ontological issues. Society is viewed as existing both as a subjective and an objective reality. Meaning is shared, thereby constituting a taken-for-granted reality. Grounded theorists understand knowledge as beliefs in which people can have reasonable confidence; a common sense understanding and consensual notion as to what constitutes knowledge. If it is accepted that social constructionism is not based on a relativist perspective, then it is compatible with Grounded Theory methodology.

  15. Scientific Social Responsibility?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glerup, Cecilie; Horst, Maja

    formed organizations to make science responsible for its social effects. More recently, ideals of increasing the social acceptability of science through engagement, reflexivity and dialogue seems to have found their way into the heart of policy-making, not least as a way of making science a prime motor...... for the development of competitive knowledge economies. In the present paper, these developments are all understood as moves to increase the social responsibility of science, i.e. efforts to hold science accountable to wider social, economic and ethical values. Despite the widespread political and theoretical plea...... for scientific social responsibility (SSR), however, there is a striking lack of knowledge about how it should be (or indeed is) performed in practice. This paper makes a first step in this direction by mapping different interpretations of what scientific social responsibility might entail. It also charts...

  16. Institutional social engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prijić-Samaržija Snježana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I am referring to social engagement as a value-based choice to actively intervene in social reality in order to modify existing collective identities and social practices with the goal of realizing the public good. The very term ‘engagement’, necessarily involves the starting awareness of a social deficit or flaw and presupposes a critical attitude towards social reality. In this article, I will attempt to provide arguments in favour of the thesis about the possibility (and, later, necessity of institutional engagement, critical action and even institutional protest, basing this view on the thesis that institutions are fundamentally collective or social agents whose actions must be guided by ethical and epistemic virtues.

  17. The Social Newsroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zimmerman, Christopher; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2015-01-01

    a unique set of risks as well as advantages to decision-makers. At the same time expansion into the online social space offers tremendous potential strategic advantages including demographic targeting from a new, pervasive reflection of consumers and brand advocates. Social media thus takes on a new......Today, businesses are utilizing social media as part of their strategy for communicating with and understanding the behaviors of their consumers. The widespread public use of social media is a relatively new phenomenon that presents an ongoing, ever-changing challenge to companies and creates...... relevance in forging relationships of brand co-creation. The research project, in its entirety, seeks to derive business value from social data by designing and developing a series of dashboards for those who struggle to interpret and keep up with the social data created around a brand and marketing...

  18. The Social Newsroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zimmerman, Chris; Vatrapu, Ravi

    Today, social media is widely adopted across personal and professional spheres. Increasingly businesses are utilizing social media as part of their strategy for communicating with and understanding the behaviors of their clients. The widespread public use of social media is a relatively new...... phenomenon that presents an ongoing, ever-changing challenge to companies and creates a unique set of risks as well as advantages to decision-makers. At the same time expansion into the online social space offers tremendous potential strategic advantages including demographic targeting from a new, pervasive...... reflection of consumers and brand advocates. Social media thus takes on a new relevance in forging relationships of brand co-creation. This research project, in its entirety, seeks to derive business value from social data by designing and developing a series of dashboards for those who struggle to interpret...

  19. Social cognitive radio networks

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Xu

    2015-01-01

    This brief presents research results on social cognitive radio networks, a transformational and innovative networking paradigm that promotes the nexus between social interactions and cognitive radio networks. Along with a review of the research literature, the text examines the key motivation and challenges of social cognitive radio network design. Three socially inspired distributed spectrum sharing mechanisms are introduced: adaptive channel recommendation mechanism, imitation-based social spectrum sharing mechanism, and evolutionarily stable spectrum access mechanism. The brief concludes with a discussion of future research directions which ascertains that exploiting social interactions for distributed spectrum sharing will advance the state-of-the-art of cognitive radio network design, spur a new line of thinking for future wireless networks, and enable novel wireless service and applications.

  20. Employees as social intrapreneurs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Catharina Juul

    2016-01-01

    Employees form an important but less explored and utilized resource in social innovation in social welfare organisations it the third and public sectors. The employees have important knowledge of the everyday challenges of the organisations, the wishes and needs of their users and customers......, and of the local communities which can inspire and refine innovations. They are active, albeit not always consciously so and potential social intrapreneurs. Although wider international research exists the Nordic research seems to dominate the field. The aim of this chapter is to contribute to the existing...... research on employees as social intrapreneurs (the fields of employee-driven innovation and social intrapreneurship) by conceptualizing active employee participation in social innovation and elucidate the potential and multiplicity of the phenomenon. The chapter is theoretical explorative....

  1. Social marketing in healthcare

    OpenAIRE

    Radha Aras

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundSocial marketing is an important tool in the delivery ofhealthcare services. For any healthcare programme orproject to be successful, community/consumer participationis required. The four principles of social marketing can guidepolicymakers and healthcare providers to successfully planand implement health programmes.AimTo review the existing literature in order to project thebenefits of social marketing in healthcare.MethodA search of periodical literature by the author involvingsoc...

  2. Rethinking Empirical Social Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Ruppert, Evelyn

    2013-01-01

    I consider some arguments of social science and humanities researchers about the challenge that Big Data presents for social science methods. What they suggest is that social scientists need to engage with Big Data rather than retreat into internal debates about its meaning and implications. Instead, understanding Big Data requires and provides an opportunity for the interdisiciplinary development of methods that innovatively, critically and reflexively engage with new forms of data. Unlike d...

  3. Marketing on social networks

    OpenAIRE

    Kadečková, Anna

    2016-01-01

    The bachelor´s thesis is focused on marketing communications on social networks in recruitment agency OPENN. The work is composed of three parts: literature review, own work and draft recommendations. The first part describes the basic concepts of marketing, marketing mix and communication mix, whose tools are used to successful marketing on social networks. Among other things, thesis informs on major social networks, including Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, YouTube and Instagram. It f...

  4. Social Pedagogy in Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduces an overview of the state of art of social pedagogy in Denmark. In the first section, it deals with the importation from Germany of the concept, the process of reception (e.g. translation and transfer) and the original Danish amendments to the original concept. Despite these amendments, social pedagogy was and still remains a practice, thereby appealing to practitioners. Section two of the paper points out how social pedagogy is under-theorized and emphasizes the lack of t...

  5. Artificiality in Social Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Rennard, Jean-Philippe

    2007-01-01

    This text provides with an introduction to the modern approach of artificiality and simulation in social sciences. It presents the relationship between complexity and artificiality, before introducing the field of artificial societies which greatly benefited from the computer power fast increase, gifting social sciences with formalization and experimentation tools previously owned by "hard" sciences alone. It shows that as "a new way of doing social sciences", artificial societies should undo...

  6. Social network analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mathias, Carlos Leonardo Kelmer

    2014-01-01

    In general, the paper develops a historiographical debate about the methodology of social network analysis. More than responding questions using such methodology, this article tries to introduce the historian to the founder bibliography of social network analysis. Since the publication of the famous article by John Barnes in 1954, sociologists linked to sociometric studies have usually employed the social network analysis in their studies. On the other hand, this methodology is not widespread...

  7. Social influence by artefacts

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, Martin W.

    2008-01-01

    A review of the paradigms of social influence – suggestion, imitation, normalization, conformity, compliance, conversion – leads me to diagnose a triple malaise: the shrinkage of paradigms to cognitive dual-processing theories of information; the dominant methodology of laboratory experiments falls short of the reality of (mass) communication; and the focus of social influence on inter-subjectivity is only half of the story. I will suggest two extensions of social influence theory to include ...

  8. Existential Social Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald F. Krill

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The existential impact upon social work began in the 1960’s with the emphasis upon freedom, responsibility and a sense of the absurd. It affirmed human potential while faulting the deterministic thinking that was popular with psychological theorists at that time. It was open to the prospects of spirituality, but was less than optimistic concerning great progress among social institutions. It was a forerunner to the strengths-based social work programs of our present day.

  9. Criteria for Social Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Atzenbeck, Claus

    2007-01-01

    Social networks are becoming increasingly important for a wide number of applications. This is in particular true in the context of the Web 2.0 movement where a number of Web-based applications emerged - termed social networking applications or services - that allow the articulation of social rel...... to represent a community.  In this paper we outline a framework for analyzing applications that permit the construction of social networks. Our main focus is on the abstractions and mechanisms that a number of applications provide to facilitate the building of such networks....

  10. Evolution and social epidemiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishi, Akihiro

    2015-11-01

    Evolutionary biology, which aims to explain the dynamic process of shaping the diversity of life, has not yet significantly affected thinking in social epidemiology. Current challenges in social epidemiology include understanding how social exposures can affect our biology, explaining the dynamics of society and health, and designing better interventions that are mindful of the impact of exposures during critical periods. I review how evolutionary concepts and tools, such as fitness gradient in cultural evolution, evolutionary game theory, and contemporary evolution in cancer, can provide helpful insights regarding social epidemiology.

  11. Social group utility maximization

    CERN Document Server

    Gong, Xiaowen; Yang, Lei; Zhang, Junshan

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief explains how to leverage mobile users' social relationships to improve the interactions of mobile devices in mobile networks. It develops a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework that captures diverse social ties of mobile users and diverse physical coupling of mobile devices. Key topics include random access control, power control, spectrum access, and location privacy.This brief also investigates SGUM-based power control game and random access control game, for which it establishes the socially-aware Nash equilibrium (SNE). It then examines the critical SGUM-b

  12. Social Sensations of Symptoms:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meinert, Lotte; Whyte, Susan Reynolds

    2016-01-01

    The interpretation of sensations and the recognition of symptoms of a sickness, as well as the movement to seek treatment, have long been recognized in medical anthropology as inherently social processes. Based on cases of HIV and trauma (PTSD) in Uganda, we show that even the first signs...... and sensations of sickness can be radically social. The sensing body can be a ‘social body’ – a family, a couple, a network – a unit that transcends the individual body. In this article we focus on four aspects of the sociality of sensations and symptoms: mode of transmission; the shared experience of sensations...

  13. Social Capital Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2005-01-01

      This report has two purposes: The first purpose is to present our 4-page question­naire, which measures social capital. It is close to the main definitions of social capital and contains the most successful measures from the literature. Also it is easy to apply as discussed. The second purpose...... is to present the social capital database we have collected for 21 countries using the question­naire. We do this by comparing the level of social capital in the countries covered. That is, the report compares the marginals from the 21 surveys....

  14. Social cognition in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Michael F; Leitman, David I

    2008-07-01

    Social cognition in schizophrenia is a rapidly emerging area of study. Because the number and diversity of studies in this area have increased, efforts have been made to better define terms and provide organizing frameworks. A key challenge confronting the study of social cognition in schizophrenia is building bridges between clinical scientists and social neuroscientists. The articles in this theme summarize data-based studies that have attempted to build or strengthen such bridges to better understand the neural bases of social cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.

  15. Thrillers en sociale uitsluiting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meindert Slagter

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In het laatste decennium van de vorige eeuw lag in zorg- en welzijnsland ineens het begrip sociale uitsluiting op aller lippen. In het Angelsaksische taalgebied spreekt men van social exclusion. Zowel in Nederland als in het Verenigd Koninkrijk is pas in een laat stadium, na de weg te zijn gewezen door Franse wetenschappers zoals onder andere Touraine (1991, ingezien dat voor het doorbreken van armoede meer nodig is dan het geven van geld. Armoede is verbonden met andere levensgebieden. Sociale uitsluiting gaat over meer dan armoede – het gaat ook over hindernissen op de weg naar sociale participatie.

  16. Social Networks and Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perdiaris, Christos; Chardalias, Konstantinos; Magita, Andrianna; Mechili, Aggelos E; Diomidous, Marianna

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays the social networks have been developed into an advanced communications tool, which is important for all people to contact each other. These specific networks do offer lots of options as well as plenty of advantages and disadvantages. The social websites are many in number and titles, such as the facebook, the twitter, the bandoo etc. One of the most important function-mechanisms for the social network websites, are the marketing tools. The future goal is suggested to be the evolution of these programs. The development of these applications, which is going to lead into a new era for the social digital communication between the internet users, all around the globe.

  17. Social movements in health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Theodore M; Fee, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Most public health practitioners know that public health has relied on biomedical advances and administrative improvements, but it is less commonly understood that social movements in health have also been sources of motivation for population health advances. This review considers the impacts of social movements focused on urban conditions and health, on the health of children, and on behavioral and substance-related determinants of health and illustrates how these movements have significantly influenced public health activities and programs. We hope this review will motivate public health workers to make common cause with social activists and to encourage social activists to ally with public health professionals.

  18. Trust and Social Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Y. Lee

    2016-01-01

    The Article focuses on the rise of “social commerce,” a socio-economic phenomenon centered on the use of social media and other modes of social connection in electronic commerce. It identifies three mechanisms that are central to the development of trust in social commerce: communication and voluntary disclosure; barriers to entry; and community policing. These mechanisms simulate the characteristics of closely-knit environments, creating conditions conducive to trust. The Article describes these mechanisms in four new commercial settings: the sharing economy; next generation electronic commerce; online escort services; and online black markets in credit cards and controlled substances.

  19. Next Generation Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup; Skouby, Knud Erik

    2008-01-01

    When it comes to discussing the future of electronic communication, social networking is the buzzword. The Internet has become a platform where new social networks emerge and the Internet it itself support the more traditional computer supported communication. The way users build and verifies...... different online networks for communities of people who share interests or individuals who presents themselves through user produced content is what makes up the social networking of today. The purpose of this paper is to discuss perceived user requirements to the next generation social networks. The paper...

  20. Social Work Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Social work research has gathered a greater transparency and clarity of identity in North American and parts of Europe. Furthermore, the rapid emergence of social work research in other European countries, China, India, Japan and elsewhere in Asia and Pacific Rim countries, and gradually in South...... understanding of the different aspects involved in the research. Volume One: Historical Trajectories, Purposes and Key Concepts Volume Two: Key Decisions about Research Strategy Volume Three: The Practice of Social Work Research Volume Four: The Contexts of Social Work Research...

  1. The social question revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenneth, Petersson; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this chapter is the re-installation of the social question as a historical practice. The purpose is to investigate how historic figures return and are applied in contemporary political discourses, more precisely in the context of education, education policy and teacher education...... the diversity of relevant populations “without obstacles related to their social and economic background”. In the 19th century the social question was raised in a context of industrialization of societies. It dealt with suggestions about disintegration of predominant social structures and the management...

  2. Social technologies and socialization of research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos Leijten

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Whether we like it or not, and how many difficulties this may pose, scientific research and technology are becoming the “property” of everybody and increasingly will become subject of public guidance and political decision making. Socialization happens because what people think, want and do has become central to the development of science and technology. Socialization of research is simply happening because it is the development characteristic of a society in which knowledge is becoming the main driving force. And just like in agricultural or industrial societies in the past it leads to (re-invent the institutions and mechanisms which allow the knowledge society to function properly.This note will further explore the developments contributing to the socialization of research and their impact on research and research institutes. It will focus more on technologies than on science per se, because applications and usage will become the main drivers.

  3. Social evils, poverty & health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Rajeev; Kumar, Praneet

    2007-10-01

    There is a close association between social circumstances and health. In India, there is a significant burden of both communicable and non communicable diseases. Risk factors responsible for these conditions are underweight, unsafe sex, unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene, indoor smoke pollution, zinc, iron and vitamin A deficiency, tobacco use, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. All these risk factors are influenced by social factors and in India the more important factors are poverty and illiteracy. Changing lifestyles as a result of rising incomes are significant risk factors for non communicable diseases. The social evils that influence poverty and health are macrolevel national and regional issues such as physical geography, governance patterns and failures, geopolitics, economic policy, natural resources decline, population growth, the demographic trap and the fiscal trap. Household and microlevel factors include the poverty trap, cultural barriers, lack of innovation and saving, absence of trade or business, unemployment, technological reversal, adverse productivity shock, social issues related to females, and adolescent social issues. Social determinants important for non communicable diseases, defined by the World Health Organization include the social gradient, stress, early life events, social exclusion, improper work conditions, unemployment, lack of social support, addiction, food scarcity or excess and uneven distribution, lack of proper transport, and illiteracy or low educational status. There are multiple pathways through which social factors influence health, and pathophysiological mechanisms involve homeostatic and allostatic changes in response to stress, neuroendocrine changes and altered autonomic functions, and abnormal inflammatory and immune responses. A concerted action to eradicate these social evils shall have to focus on reducing poverty, improving educational status and providing equitable and accessible healthcare to all.

  4. Scaling up Social: Strategies for Solving Social Work's Grand Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Maria Y.; Ostrow, Laysha; Kemp, Susan P.

    2017-01-01

    The Grand Challenges for Social Work Initiative aims to focus the profession's attention on how social work can play a larger role in mitigating contemporary social problems. Yet a central issue facing contemporary social work is its seeming reticence to engage with social problems, and their solutions, beyond individual-level interventions.…

  5. The Social Validity Assessment of Social Competence Intervention Behavior Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Jennifer J.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Feurer, Irene D.

    2010-01-01

    Social validation is the value judgment from society on the importance of a study. The social validity of behavior goals used in the social competence intervention literature was assessed using the Q-sort technique. The stimulus items were 80 different social competence behavior goals taken from 78 classroom-based social competence intervention…

  6. Educating for Social Justice: Drawing from Catholic Social Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadez, James R.; Mirci, Philip S.

    2015-01-01

    This article uses a duoethnographic process to develop a model for socially just education based on social justice theory and Catholic social teaching. Three major issues are addressed, including: (a) the definition of socially just education, (b) explaining a vision for establishing socially just schools, and (c) providing a practical guide for…

  7. Social Stability and Health: Exploring Multidimensional Social Disadvantage

    OpenAIRE

    German, Danielle; Latkin, Carl A

    2011-01-01

    Social stability is an understudied construct in public health that offers a useful framework for understanding social disadvantage across multiple domains. This study investigated prevalence and patterns of cooccurrence among a hypothesized set of social stability characteristics (housing, residential transition, employment, income, incarceration, and partner relationship), evaluated the possibility of underlying subgroups of social stability, and investigated the association between social ...

  8. On Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Scientific Socialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范智鹏

    2013-01-01

    Scientific socialism provides proletarian with ideological weapon, which is used to lead and organize the masses to pursue socialism. The formation of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the product of scientific socialism in China, which is the latest achievement combining scientific socialism and Chinese national conditions.

  9. Social Medium Well Done

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raths, David

    2012-01-01

    For tech-savvy educators looking to connect with students, social media have a powerful allure: Not only are sites such as Facebook and Twitter inherently designed for discussion and the exchange of ideas, but most students are already immersed in the technology. While these sites have their critics, social media's potential for collaboration is…

  10. Social exclusion of children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annette Roest; Anne Marike Lokhorst; Cok Vrooman

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Sociale uitsluiting bij kinderen. Combating social exclusion of children is a subject that has received growing attention in Dutch government policy in recent years. To date, however, no analysis has been performed to ascertain the extent and origins of this phenomenon. This report

  11. Social reproduktion og modernisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer udvalgte sociologiske bidrag til at forstå uddannelses- og erhvervsvalget som led i social reproduktion og/eller modernisering......Artiklen præsenterer udvalgte sociologiske bidrag til at forstå uddannelses- og erhvervsvalget som led i social reproduktion og/eller modernisering...

  12. Entrepreneurship as social change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel

    theoretical formulations. They begin with discussions on early Schumpeter and a rhetorical analysis of the current academic literature on social entrepreneurship. They go on to present myriad contextual examples of how entrepreneurship can shape social change, and indicate how this is initiated through...

  13. Measuring Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard; Bjørnskov, Christian

    2007-01-01

    How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper contains two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic...

  14. Diversity and Social Cohesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagani, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    The issue of diversity, in its broadest sense, is discussed here in its relation to social cohesion, cross-cultural relations, ingroup-outgroup relations and educational interventions. The main thesis of the paper is that real social cohesion in an ingroup rests on the acknowledgment of and the dialog with the diversities of the members of the…

  15. Social Workers’ Orientation Toward

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwet, Renske J.M. van der; Beneken genaamd Kolmer, Deirdre; Schalk, René

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study assesses social workers’ orientation toward the evidence-based practice (EBP) process and explores which specific variables (e.g. age) are associated. Methods: Data were collected from 341 Dutch social workers through an online survey which included a Dutch translation of the

  16. Alkoholmisbrug og social indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breumlund, Anne; Hansen, Inger Bruun

    Bogen giver viden og redskaber til socialarbejdere, lærere og pædagoger i forhold til social indsats overfor mennesker med alkoholproblemer.......Bogen giver viden og redskaber til socialarbejdere, lærere og pædagoger i forhold til social indsats overfor mennesker med alkoholproblemer....

  17. Historians and Social Values

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leerssen, Joep; Rigney, Ann

    2000-01-01

    Is historical scholarship compatible with commitment to social values? Do professional historians have particular social responsibilities and if so, how can they best exercise them? These are questions which are chronically open to debate in the light of changing historical circumstances and changin

  18. Technology of social work

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Educational manual contains the basis of the lecture course by discipline «Technology of social work» for students of specialty «Social work», plans and guidelines for practical exercises, control questions and bibliography to each topic.

  19. Understanding social media logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, J.; Poell, T.

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, social media platforms have penetrated deeply into the mech­anics of everyday life, affecting people's informal interactions, as well as institutional structures and professional routines. Far from being neutral platforms for everyone, social media have changed the conditions a

  20. Citizenship and social justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P.J. Bernts (Ton); L. d' Anjou (Leo); D. Houtman (Dick)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractDiscussions on the problems of the welfare state are increasingly framed in terms of citizenship rather than social justice. The popularity of the concept of citizenship raises the question of its implications for social justice theory and research. In this article it is argued that wher

  1. Imagining Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArdle, Felicity; Knight, Linda; Stratigos, Tina

    2013-01-01

    This article examines how creativity and the arts can assist teachers who teach from a social justice perspective, and how knowledge built through meaningful experiences of difference can make a difference. Just as imagining is central to visual arts practice, so too is the capacity to imagine a necessity for social justice. The authors ask what…

  2. Social Maladjustment: An Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center, David B.

    The exclusionary term, "social maladjustment," the definition in Public Law 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) of serious emotional disturbance, has been an enigma for special education. This paper attempts to limit the interpretation of social maladjustment in order to counter effects of such decisions as…

  3. Building Social Media Connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

    2012-01-01

    Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

  4. Empirical social choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter

    2014-01-01

    applications. Special attention is given to three phenomena and their possible empirical manifestations: The instability of social choice in the form of (1) the possibility of majority cycles, (2) the non-robustness of social choices given alternative voting methods, and (3) the possibility of various forms...

  5. Corruption and Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2003-01-01

    I examine the causal relation between social capiatl and corruption. A simple model illustrates potential mechanisms and yields testable implications, which I estimate in a sample of European countries. The estimated effect of social capital on corruption is found to be robust to the inclusion...... redistribution, which in turn reduces corruption....

  6. Sociale medier i ungdomslivet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte; Lange, Jon Kristian

    2014-01-01

    Brugen af sociale medier er en integreret del af langt de fleste danske unges hverdagsliv. De 16-24-årige er den del af befolkningen, som er kraftigst repræsenteret på sociale medier som Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat og Twitter. I denne aldersgruppe er stort set alle tilknyttet en eller flere...

  7. Grounding social relations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ijzerman, H.

    2010-01-01

    The present dissertation deals with how social relationships are processed and understood, mostly through examining the role of physical warmth. An intuitive example of the role of temperature in social relationships are descriptions like ‘being a cold fish’. Such metaphors have been shown to have t

  8. Social Capital in Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an overview of social capital in Asia. Social capital is trust and appears in two main forms: relational, based on societal norms, and systemic, based on societal institutions. The relational encourages personalistic transactions; and systemic trust, supports more formal...

  9. SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Muhammad Bhat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociology is a systematic study of human relations at social Level. It is a vast concept used to determine the relation of human beings at individual and community level. It includes social interaction accommodation and progress at reasonable levels. Sociologists examine the ways in which social structures and institutions such as class, family, community, power and social problems influence society are dealt with. The evolutionary trend at every step of life helps to accept all changes necessary for human development and prosperity on ethical grounds. The study of society was long known with broad evolutionary reconstructions of historical change in societies. It is a synthesizing field that attempted to integrate the findings acquired from other social sciences. Islam has unique social system and believes in progressive change and help to develop society from nomadic life to international affairs. This change has been possible through many ways for which different terms like Tashakur, Tashkeer, Tafakur etc. were used in Islamic history which are derived from the Quran. An attempt has been made to high light these terms and their impact upon Islamic social evolutionary thought and is explained according to the true nature of evolutionary change and social development.

  10. Social Work and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlert, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Interest has grown in the past few years about the place of social work in science. Questions remain, such as whether social work should be considered a science, and if so, where it fits into the constellation of sciences. This article attempts to shed light on these questions. After briefly considering past and present constructions of science…

  11. Social network analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. de Nooy

    2009-01-01

    Social network analysis (SNA) focuses on the structure of ties within a set of social actors, e.g., persons, groups, organizations, and nations, or the products of human activity or cognition such as web sites, semantic concepts, and so on. It is linked to structuralism in sociology stressing the si

  12. LA CIENCIA SOCIAL MULTIDISCIPLINARIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Osorio, Francisco

    2004-01-01

    Parto del supuesto que existe una creencia en las ciencias sociales que señala que los fenómenos sociales y culturales pueden ser analizados por enfoques multidisciplinarios. En nuestra experiencia diaria, podemos escuchar en variadas conversaciones acadé 104p.

  13. Classroom Discipline and Socialization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kayoun

    This study explored how children are socialized through discipline in the preschool classroom. Using detailed descriptions of teacher-student interactions and an interpretive method, the study mapped the process of the children's socialization and the role of discipline. The case study in one 4-year-olds' room examined early socialization…

  14. Comentarios al Salto Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facultad de Ciencias Económicas

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available 1. El Plan considera que la política social es un componente central de la estrategia macroeconómica. A diferencia de la administración Gaviria, lo social ha dejado de ser un asunto marginal, es consustancial al desarrollo y, por tanto, se le confiere una dimensión cualitativamente diferente.

  15. Socializing Democratic Norms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flockhart, Trine

    The volume investigates how state socialization of the Euro-Atlantic constitutive norm set has taken place from a number of European and transatlantic international organizations into the 'New Europe'. The volume utilizes a new framework for norms transfer called 'Complex Socialization'....

  16. Social Interactions and Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uz, Cigdem; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2015-01-01

    Digital games have become popular due to great technological improvements in recent years. They have been increasingly transformed from co-located experiences into multi-played, socially oriented platforms (Herodotou, 2009). Multi-User Online Games provide the opportunity to create a social environment for friendships and strengthen the…

  17. Discourses on Social Software

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijck, D.J.N. van; Verbrugge, R.

    2009-01-01

    Can computer scientists contribute to the solution of societal problems? Can logic help to model social interactions? Are there recipes for making groups with diverging preferences arrive at reasonable decisions? Why is common knowledge important for social interaction? Does the rational pursuit of

  18. Corporate social responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Arsić, Zoran

    2011-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. Definition emphasizes three basic characteristics of CSR. CSR is voluntary concept, it covers environmental issues and interaction with stakeholders, not only shareholders, is taken into account.

  19. Current Social Problem Novels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Donald J.

    This review of social problem novels for young adults opens with a brief background of the genre, then lists the dominant themes of social problem fiction and nonfiction novels that have been published in the last two years, such as alcoholism, alienation, death, growing up and self-awarness, drugs, and divorce. Other themes mentioned are…

  20. Firm Reorganization : Social Control or Social Contract?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, Hendrik Leendert; Dolfsma, Wilfred; Blinde-Leerentveld, Rowan

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  1. Firm Reorganization: Social Control or Social Contract

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, H.L.; Dolfsma, W.A.; Blinde-Leerentveld, R.

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  2. Teaching Social Software with Social Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mejias, Ulises

    2006-01-01

    Ulises Mejias examines how social software--information and communications technologies that facilitate the collaboration and exchange of ideas--enables students to participate in distributed research, an approach to learning in which knowledge is collectively constructed and shared. During Fall 2005, Mejias taught a graduate seminar that provided…

  3. SOCIAL ACTION IN SOCIALLY RESPONSIBILE BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Roberto, Volpentesta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The research proposed as general objective to increase knowledge about the characteristics of the actions that companies make in Corporate Social Responsibility programs with interested groups (stakeholders who are in the community or society, from an organizational perspective, trying to clarify what are the causes and / or circumstances that determine and explain the design of such diverse activities ranging from those characterized by a central dirigisme proper implementation of business logic and in which you work from a desk to the other, to those from its inception involve and engage the recipients of those actions generate real actions with others.Interest in this knowledge is based on more and more companies are taking action or intervention programs in the social field, but not always effective considering the social impact. To analyze the processes involved, the organizational circumstances, structural causes and procedural logic that prevail in the design of these actions can help appraise, a priori, their effectiveness and potential outcomes, facilitating the development of a possible model for guidance on the fundamentals needed to conduct successful social interventions.

  4. Social Constructivism and Teaching of Social Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishabh Kumar Mishra

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an overview of prevailing pedagogic practices of social science at school level in India. It has been sketched with the help of social science teachers’ interviews. The analysis of teachers’ interview revealed that the teaching of social science is a reflection of teacher’s own biases and beliefs; dominated by deficit model of thinking and learning. Against this backdrop the paper tries to address the question do we have any alternative of ‘deficit model’ of teaching learning? If yes, what is it? How it can be designed and executed? In the present descriptive study the researcher adopts the theoretical underpinnings of Socio-cultural approach to learning and tries to design and execute constructivist pedagogic setting for teaching social science. It emerges from the analysis of these constructivists pedagogic settings that it helps to develop and sustain a culture of inquiry in the classroom where the strong interface between students’ everyday knowledge and school knowledge take place. The paper establishes the argument that for moving deficit model of teaching-learning, knowledge should be viewed as co-constructed, negotiated and situated entity, knower should have agency and the voice in process of knowing and the process learning should be dialogic.

  5. Complementary Social Science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Pedersen, Morten Axel

    2014-01-01

    The rise of Big Data in the social realm poses significant questions at the intersection of science, technology, and society, including in terms of how new large-scale social databases are currently changing the methods, epistemologies, and politics of social science. In this commentary, we address...... to continually record the digital traces of social relations among an entire freshman class of students (N > 1000). At the same time, fieldwork is carried out on friendship (and other) relations amongst the same group of students. On this basis, the question we pose is the following: what kind of knowledge...... of measurement device deployed. At the same time, however, we also expect new interferences and polyphonies to arise at the intersection of Big and Small Data, provided that these are, so to speak, mixed with care. These questions, we stress, are important not only for the future of social science methods...

  6. Bibliometrics for Social Validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Daniel J

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a bibliometric, citation network-based method for assessing the social validation of novel research, and applies this method to the development of high-throughput toxicology research at the US Environmental Protection Agency. Social validation refers to the acceptance of novel research methods by a relevant scientific community; it is formally independent of the technical validation of methods, and is frequently studied in history, philosophy, and social studies of science using qualitative methods. The quantitative methods introduced here find that high-throughput toxicology methods are spread throughout a large and well-connected research community, which suggests high social validation. Further assessment of social validation involving mixed qualitative and quantitative methods are discussed in the conclusion.

  7. DEFINING THE SOCIAL ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Sorin-George

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available High unemployment rates, forced labour migration, growing social disparities, increasing poverty and unfair distribution of public resources represent only some of the today’s imbalances and injustices of the European Union. That is why the past decades witnessed the re-emergence of the concept of social economy/solidarity-based economy. The aims of our paper are to present the theoretical foundations of the social economy concept. The methodological approach is literature review. In our view, the social economy is founded on several key principles (e.g., solidarity, free association, mutualism and pursues social goals through economic means. It constitutes an alternative to other economic systems such as capitalism or communism.

  8. Implications of social structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brask, Josefine Bohr

    social environment of the individual. In the last two studies, we investigate the role of social structure for cooperation in a classic natural system for behavioural research, the Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata), by means of computer simulations. Cooperation contradicts evolutionary theory......, we investigate empirically the role of the social environment of individuals for their communication patterns. Our study species is a song bird, the black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus). The results suggest that individual communication in this species is influenced by features of the local...... and requires special explanations. Theory predicts that heterogeneous social structure can support and promote cooperation in populations. Our simulations suggest that social structure may not be able to explain the presence of cooperation in the guppy system. Overall the thesis provides new insights...

  9. Innovation and social interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vratuša-Žunjić Vera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on socially and historically structured circumstances surrounding and moral problems involved in the pragmatic definition of innovation as 'novelty proven useful by its users'. Contending conceptions and strategies of innovation of the organization of social relations in dialectical social systems are compared and socially and historically contextualized in the so-called 'transition countries' on the new Eastern border of the European Union. The conclusion is that the cited pragmatic definition of innovation may be misused for an apology of morally dubious new ends and means in the narrow interest of particular groups of users, often at the expense and against the interest of a majority of other individuals and social groups.

  10. Social Media Reputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Etter, Michael; Colleoni, Elanor; Ravasi, Davide

    directly to corporate performance and actions. Secondly, prominent reputation measurements couple stakeholders´ believes to reputation drivers through the use of predefined scales and items. We argue that with the rise of social media a company´s reputation has increasingly become autonomous from corporate...... actions, which demands a greater decoupling of stakeholders´ perceptions from corporate signals or actions in corporate reputation research. We develop the concept of social media reputation as the overall evaluation of a company presented in social media and present a new approach of measuring reputation...... based on social media data that accounts for the autonomy of stakeholder´s perception of a firm. We compare and contrast this novel social media reputation measure (SMRM) with traditional reputation measurements and find that SMRM is a valuable measurement to capture the autonomy of the stakeholders...

  11. Bibliometrics for Social Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a bibliometric, citation network-based method for assessing the social validation of novel research, and applies this method to the development of high-throughput toxicology research at the US Environmental Protection Agency. Social validation refers to the acceptance of novel research methods by a relevant scientific community; it is formally independent of the technical validation of methods, and is frequently studied in history, philosophy, and social studies of science using qualitative methods. The quantitative methods introduced here find that high-throughput toxicology methods are spread throughout a large and well-connected research community, which suggests high social validation. Further assessment of social validation involving mixed qualitative and quantitative methods are discussed in the conclusion. PMID:28005974

  12. Ledelse af sociale institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofod, Kasper

    Ledelse af sociale institutioner giver et overblik over den enorme forandring, der er sket indenfor det sociale område i de sidste 25-30 år. Moderniseringen af den offentlige sektor har været gennemgribende, og udviklingen på det sociale område er gået mod større instirutioner og mod, at stadig...... flere beslutninger træffes lokalt. det betyder også,a t der kommeret øget fokus på ledelse af de enkelte sociale institutioner. Forandringer i omverdenedn som globalisering, individualisering, mangel på arbejdskraft og ændringer i omgangsformer påvirker også ledelsesvilkårene i de sociale institutioner...

  13. [Principles of social gerontology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kricheldorff, Cornelia; Aner, Kirsten; Himmelsbach, Ines; Thiesemann, Rüdiger

    2015-12-01

    Social gerontology is seen as a science-based but application-oriented subdiscipline of gerontology. It focuses particularly on social relationships in old age, social participation of elderly and old people and the protection of their individual needs. Self-determination and autonomy are important value orientations. Central issues are the quality of life and life satisfaction from the perspective of personal resources and biographical influences and the conditions of individual aging in the sense of differential gerontology. Against this background, in the first part of this article Kirsten Aner discusses the social construction of aging and in part two Ines Himmelsbach describes the typical life events and developmental tasks in the process of aging. The article concludes with a theoretical basis in which Cornelia Kricheldorff outlines social aging theories and derives a brief description of approaches and interventions.

  14. Religion and Social Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spear, Roger

    2010-01-01

    /organisations) and local religious leaders to catalyse entrepreneurial activity. Thus these three dimensions of religious institutions (ideological discourse, networks, and leadership) will be examined in relation to social entrepreneurship. For the sake of simplifying the empirical base of this study, the field of social...... entrepreneurship will be limited to social enterprise which are co-operatives, mutuals and trading voluntary organisations (or non-profits), since there is a good evidence base of religious involvement in entrepreneurship in this sector, from which a number of cases will be drawn using secondary sources. However......This chapter is concerned with the role of religion in social entrepreneurship. It takes an institutional perspective and examines the way religious institutions and actors have supported social entrepreneurship. Weber has argued for the role of (protestant) religion in motivating people to take...

  15. Singing and social inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Frederick Welch

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing body of neurological, cognitive and social psychological research to suggest the possibility of positive transfer effects from structured musical engagement. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that engagement in musical activities may impact on social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated. Tackling social exclusion and promoting social inclusion are common concerns internationally, such as in the UK and the EC, and there are many diverse Government ministries and agencies globally that see the arts in general and music in particular as a key means by which social needs can be addressed. As part of a wider evaluation of a national, Government-sponsored music education initiative for Primary-aged children in England (‘Sing Up’, opportunity was taken by the authors, at the request of the funders, to assess any possible relationship between (a children’s developing singing behaviour and development and (b their social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated. Subsequently, it was possible to match data from n=6087 participants, drawn from the final three years of data collection (2008-2011, in terms of each child’s individually assessed singing ability (based on their singing behaviour of two well-known songs to create a 'normalised singing score' and their written responses to a specially-designed questionnaire that included a set of statements related to children’s sense of being socially included to which the children indicated their level of agreement on a seven-point Likert scale. Data analyses suggested that the higher the normalized singing development rating, the more positive the child’s self-concept and sense of being socially included, irrespective of singer age, sex and ethnicity.

  16. Memoria Social e imagen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Guarini

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Hasta la invención de la escritura la oralidad era el soporte privilegiado de la memoria social. La llegada de la escritura permitió registrar las huellas de esta memoria colectiva de manera mas sitemática y relativamente precisa. La fotografía y el registro filmico con posterioridad, posibilitaron alimentar esta memoria social también con elementos audiovisuales Esta memoria social que es desde luego histórica, va siendo conformada también por estéticas sociales diversas. Venimos analizando desde hace cierto tiempo de qué modo una expresión particular local de la protesta social ("el escrache" va generando y modificando una estética política particular, que empieza a funcionar como paradigma en el lenguaje y la acción, y pone al mismo tiempo en vinculación gestos de la cotidianeidad, instituciones y conceptos.Until the invention of the writing the orality was the privileged support of the social memory. The arrival of the writing allowed to register the prints of this collective memory more sistematically. The picture and the film with posteriority, they facilitated to also feed this social memory with audiovisual elements. This social memory that is certainly historical, goes being also conformed for aesthetic social diverse. We come analyzing for certain time of what way a local particular expression of the social protest (the "escrache" it goes generating and modifying a particular political aesthetics, that begins to work as paradigm in the language and the action, and it puts at the same time in linking expressions of the day-to-dayness, institutions and concepts.

  17. Society and Social Power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janani Harish

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Society is the source of immense power. Over the past few centuries humanity has record­ed phenomenal growth in its collective capacity for accomplishment, as reflected in the 12-fold growth in global per capita income since 1800. The remarkable achievements in living standards, longevity, science, technology, industry, education, democracy, human rights, peace and global governance are the result of the exponential development of the capacity of society to harness human energies and convert them into social power for productive purposes. Today, humanity possesses the power and capabilities needed to fully meet the multi-dimensional challenges confronting global society. The source of this energy is people. Human energy is transformed into social power by the increasing reach, frequency and complexity of human relationships. Society is a complex living network of organized relationships between people. Its power issues from channelizing our collective energies in productive ways by means of organizing principles such as coordination, systems, specialization of function, hierarchy of authority, and integration. This immense social power remains largely underutilized. Social science needs to evolve a comprehensive, trans-disciplinary understanding of the roots of social power and the process by which it is generated, distributed and applied. This knowledge is the essential foundation for formulating effective social policies capable of eradicating forever persistent poverty, unemployment and social inequality. This article is based on a series of lectures delivered by the author in the WAAS-WUC course on “Toward a Trans-disciplinary Science of Society” at Dubrovnik on September 1-3, 2014. It traces the development of social power in different fields to show that human and social capital are inexhaustible in potential. The more we harness them, the more they grow. Unleashing, directing, channeling and converting human potential into social

  18. Singing and social inclusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Graham F; Himonides, Evangelos; Saunders, Jo; Papageorgi, Ioulia; Sarazin, Marc

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing body of neurological, cognitive, and social psychological research to suggest the possibility of positive transfer effects from structured musical engagement. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that engagement in musical activities may impact on social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Tackling social exclusion and promoting social inclusion are common concerns internationally, such as in the UK and the EC, and there are many diverse Government ministries and agencies globally that see the arts in general and music in particular as a key means by which social needs can be addressed. As part of a wider evaluation of a national, Government-sponsored music education initiative for Primary-aged children in England ("Sing Up"), opportunity was taken by the authors, at the request of the funders, to assess any possible relationship between (a) children's developing singing behavior and development and (b) their social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Subsequently, it was possible to match data from n = 6087 participants, drawn from the final 3 years of data collection (2008-2011), in terms of each child's individually assessed singing ability (based on their singing behavior of two well-known songs to create a "normalized singing score") and their written responses to a specially-designed questionnaire that included a set of statements related to children's sense of being socially included to which the children indicated their level of agreement on a seven-point Likert scale. Data analyses suggested that the higher the normalized singing development rating, the more positive the child's self-concept and sense of being socially included, irrespective of singer age, sex and ethnicity.

  19. PERSON IN SOCIAL NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Андрей Борисович Шалимов

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Our scientific purpose is creation of practical model of person’s representation in social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Classmates. As user of social networks, person is made conditional not only upon its own identity, but also upon the information about himself, which he is ready to share with his friends in contact list. Goal-setting and practical activities for their achievement mean that you should apply force, it can completely eliminates systemic factors, the system of power relations, which overwhelms human being in social networks.Methodology: The reconstruction of the model of human in the popularity of social networksResults: There is descripton of practical model of person's representation in social networks, it includes the management of own identity and the audience (the list of contacts. When person manages own identity, he answers the question, «Whom I can dare to be?». Person perceives himself in social networks' being, he understands himself and his place in the world, he identifies.Managing the way in social media means that you answer the question «What I want to tell?». Person in social media looks at events in the field of culture, economy, politics, social relations through the prism of his own attitudes, he forms and formulates his own agenda and he is going to tell about himself through them.Practical implications: Everyday people’s life, practical activities, including marketing in social networks.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-51

  20. Social innovation and deliberative democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars; Eschweiler, Jennifer

    In much current literature on social entrepreneurship the entire focus is on the innovation and on the social value (the outcome) generated by the innovation. Social innovation is defined as “new and better ways to create social value” (Dees, 1998; 2002), or “social entrepreneurship seeks tipping...

  1. Can Social Media Sites Leave You Socially Isolated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163931.html Can Social Media Sites Leave You Socially Isolated? More time using ... people who spend a lot of time on social media -- websites designed to bring people together -- seem to ...

  2. Where social noise and structure converge : learning with social semantics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Markus, F.T.

    2014-01-01

    Social constructivism suggests that learning is an inherently social phenomenon. The ap- proaches presented in this dissertation emphasize the social nature of information, knowledge and language, using a combination of ontologies, reference repositories, folksonomy analysis, graph-based disambiguat

  3. [Social cooperatives in Italy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

    2014-06-01

    This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The

  4. Social innovation and social entrepreneurship: A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Phillips, W.; Lee, H.; James, P; A GHOBADIAN; O'Regan, N.

    2015-01-01

    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) literature suggests CSR initiatives extend beyond meeting the immediate interests of stakeholders of for-profit enterprises, offering the potential to enhance performance. Growing disillusionment of for-profit business models has drawn attention to social entrepreneurship and social innovation to ease social issues. Adopting a systematic review, the paper provides collective insights into research linking social innovation with social entrepreneurship, de...

  5. Social Media and Bullshit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available To understand the role of social media in society, we have to understand how social media are understood. We need to analyze how different actors and organizations see and think about technology, the forms of knowledge that people draw on as they make sense of, develop, and use social media. Central among these is bullshit. This short essay discusses bullshit as defined by the philosopher Harry Frankfurt as statements made with little or no concern for their truth-value or justification and argues that social media are accompanied by unusually large amounts of bullshit for two reasons. First, they confront us with epistemological problems and are hard to understand. Second, there is a large demand for knowledge about what they mean, a powerful political economy that generates a lot of statements about social media, including substantial amounts of bullshit. Given the rapid development of social media and their growing importance, this is unlikely to change in the near future. Bullshit is here to stay, and we need to take it seriously intellectually and analytically to understand social media.

  6. [Social classes and poverty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benach, Joan; Amable, Marcelo

    2004-05-01

    Social classes and poverty are two key social determinants fundamental to understand how disease and health inequalities are produced. During the 90's in Spain there has been a notable oscillation in the inequality and poverty levels, with an increase in the middle of the decade when new forms of social exclusion, high levels of unemployment and great difficulties in accessing the labour market, especially for those workers with less resources, emerged. Today society is still characterized by a clear social stratification and the existence of social classes with a predominance of high levels of unemployment and precarious jobs, and where poverty is an endemic social problem much worse than the EU average. To diminish health inequalities and to improve the quality of life will depend very much on the reduction of the poverty levels and the improvement of equal opportunities and quality of employment. To increase understanding of how social class and poverty affect public health, there is a need to improve the quality of both information and research, and furthermore planners and political decision makers must take into account those determinants when undertaking disease prevention and health promotion.

  7. Stress and social support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadiya Baqutayan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This is an experimental study and it discusses the effectiveness of social support in managing academic stress among students. Aim: The purpose of this study is to understand the importance of social support in managing stress. Materials and Methods: Simple random sampling was assigned to a number of 120 students, equally divided into an experimental and a control group. Classes on social support as coping mechanisms were given to the experimental group only. The accumulated data were then analyzed, descriptive statistics were used to interpret and evaluate the prevalence of academic stress, and social support. Correlation analysis was employed in the examination of the relationship between stress and social support. Results: The findings of this study indicate that there are significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in relation to stress and social support. Eventually, the experimental group proved to cope with academic stress better than the control group, and they were satisfied with their academic performance during the experimentation. Conclusion: Hence, it is highly advisable to encourage the students to use social support as coping mechanisms.

  8. Social strategies that work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piskorski, Mikołaj Jan

    2011-11-01

    Although most companies have collected lots of friends and followers on social platforms such as Facebook, few have succeeded in generating profits there. That's because they merely port their digital strategies into social environments by broadcasting their commercial messages or seeking customer feedback. To succeed on social platforms, says Harvard Business School's Piskorski, businesses need to devise social strategies that are consistent with users' expectations and behavior in these venues--namely, people want to connect with other people, not with companies. The author defines successful social strategies as those that reduce costs or increase customers' willingness to pay by helping people establish or strengthen relationships through doing free work on a company's behalf. Citing successes at Zynga, eBay, American Express, and Yelp, Piskorski shows that social strategies can generate profits by helping people connect in exchange for tasks that benefit the company such as customer acquisition, marketing, and content creation. He lays out a systematic way to build a social strategy and shows how a major credit card company he advised used the method to roll out its own strategy.

  9. Social Business Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Enache

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A Social Business embraces networks of people to create business value. A Social Business connects people to expertise. It enable individuals – whether customers, partners or employees – to form networks to generate new sources of innovation, foster creativity, and establish greater reach and exposure to new business opportunities. It establishes a foundational level of trust across these business networks and, thus, a willingness to openly share information. It empowers these networks with the collaborative, gaming and analytical tools needed for members to engage each other and creatively solve business challenges. A Social business strives to remove unnecessary boundaries between experts inside the company and experts in the marketplace. It embraces the tools and leadership models that support capturing knowledge and insight from many sources, allowing it to quickly sense changes in customer mood, employee sentiment or process efficiencies. It utilizes analytics and social connections inside and outside the company to solve business problems and capture new business opportunities. A Social Business leverages these social networks to speed up business, gaining real time insight to make quicker and better decisions. It gets information to customers and partners in new ways -- faster. Supported by ubiquitous access on mobile devices and new ways of connecting and working together in the Cloud and on open platforms, a Social Business turns time and location from constraints into advantages. Business is free to occur when and where it delivers the greatest value, allowing the organization to adapt quickly to the changing marketplace. We believe the most effective approach to enabling a Social Business centers around helping people discover expertise, develop social networks and capitalize on relationships.

  10. Social media modeling and computing

    CERN Document Server

    Hoi, Steven CH; Boll, Susanne; Xu, Dong; Jin, Rong; King, Irwin

    2011-01-01

    Presents contributions from an international selection of preeminent experts in the field Discusses topics on social-media content analysis, and examines social-media system design and analysis Describes emerging applications of social media

  11. Online Advertising in Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagherjeiran, Abraham; Bhatt, Rushi P.; Parekh, Rajesh; Chaoji, Vineet

    Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. This chapter focuses on the role of social network information in online display advertising.

  12. The Social Sciences in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanuki, Joji

    1975-01-01

    This article relates a brief historical background of social sciences in Japan, the institutional framework of social science education and research, and major issues and perspectives for the development of the social scinces. (ND)

  13. Building Social Web Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Gavin

    2009-01-01

    Building a web application that attracts and retains regular visitors is tricky enough, but creating a social application that encourages visitors to interact with one another requires careful planning. This book provides practical solutions to the tough questions you'll face when building an effective community site -- one that makes visitors feel like they've found a new home on the Web. If your company is ready to take part in the social web, this book will help you get started. Whether you're creating a new site from scratch or reworking an existing site, Building Social Web Applications

  14. Social Housing in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig; Scanlon, Kath J

    2014-01-01

    Social housing is a cornerstone in the Danish welfare society and is accessible for all households. By law, social housing must be rented at cost rents, which are based on historical costs; rents do not respond to market forces. Social housing aims to provide good standard, secure and affordable...... for the individual associations as well as each housing estate. In principle, each estate and the association it belongs to must balance its books. An important feature of the sector is the build-up of a funding system which makes it possible to support the financing of major renovations and energy measures as well...

  15. Social Media and Bullshit

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    To understand the role of social media in society, we have to understand how social media are understood. We need to analyze how different actors and organizations see and think about technology, the forms of knowledge that people draw on as they make sense of, develop, and use social media. Central among these is bullshit. This short essay discusses bullshit as defined by the philosopher Harry Frankfurt as statements made with little or no concern for their truth-value or justification and a...

  16. Social Set Visualizer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flesch, Benjamin; Vatrapu, Ravi; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao

    2015-01-01

    in relation to the garment factory accidents in Bangladesh, and analyze the results. The enterprise application domain for the dashboard is corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the targeted end-users are CSR researchers and practitioners. The design of the dashboard was based on the social set analysis...... approach to computational social science mentioned above. The development of the dashboard involved cutting-edge open source visual analytics libraries (D3.js) and creation of new visualizations such as of actor mobility across time and space, conversational comets, and more. Evaluation of the dashboard...

  17. Social Set Visualizer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flesch, Benjamin; Hussain, Abid; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2015-01-01

    application domain for the dashboard is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the targeted end-users are CSR researchers and practitioners. The design of the dashboard was based on the "social set analytics" approach to computational social science. The development of the dash-board involved cutting......-edge open source visual analytics libraries from D3.js and creation of new visualizations (ac-tor mobility across time, conversational comets etc). Evaluation of the dashboard consisting of technical testing, usability testing, and domain-specific testing with CSR students and yielded positive results....

  18. Social integration i arbejdslivet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kjeld; Christensen, Allan

    2002-01-01

    The study reported in this article is based on a combination of methods related to working environment and to organisational culture. The combination is aimed at studying the extent and meaning of the social integration of the employees in an institution for handicapped adults. It is the conclusion...... of the study that social integration depends on working environment conditions as well as cultural conditions. The social integration again is crucial for the way in which employees perceive the daily work situation and indirectly also for the well-being of the clients of the institution....

  19. Social communication impairments: pragmatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Robert L

    2007-06-01

    Social communication or pragmatic impairments are characterized and illustrated as involving inappropriate or ineffective use of language and gesture in social contexts. Three clinical vignettes illustrate different pragmatic impairments and the wealth of diagnostic information that can be garnered from observation of a child's social communication behavior. Definitions of, and developmental milestones in, domains of pragmatic competence are provided. Several screening instruments are suggested for use in assessing pragmatic competence within the time-frame of a pediatric examination. Frequent comorbid psychiatric conditions are described and a sample of current neurobiologic research is briefly summarized.

  20. Social Trust and Fractionalization:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2008-01-01

    This paper takes a closer look at the importance of fractionalization for the creation of social trust. It first argues that the determinants of trust can be divided into two categories: those affecting individuals' trust radii and those affecting social polarization. A series of estimates using...... a much larger country sample than in previous literature confirms that fractionalization in the form of income inequality and political diversity adversely affects social trust while ethnic diversity does not. However, these effects differ systematically across countries, questioning standard...... interpretations of the influence of fractionalization on trust....

  1. Elements of social security

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hans

    (Alte Länder). This is the 9th and last edition of the publication,covering income levels and rules for social security and personal taxation for 1999. Basis for the projections to 1999 income levels is the 1998 data (in some cases 1999 data)for OECD's Taxing Wages as reported by national experts.......Elements of Social Security is a comparative study of important elements of the social security systems in Denmark (DK), Sweden (S), Finland (FIN), Austria (A), Germany (D), the Netherlands (NL), Great Britain (GB) and Canada (CAN). It should be emphasized that Germany is the former West Germany...

  2. Social Epistemology: 5 Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Social Epistemology: 5 Questions is a collection of interviews with some of the world’s most influential scholars working on social epistemology from a range of disciplinary perspectives. We hear their views on social epistemology; its aim, scope, use, broader intellectual environment, future...... direction, and how the work of the interviewees fits in these respects. Interviews with David Bloor, Cristina Bicchieri, Richard Bradley, Lorraine Code, Hans van Ditmarsch, Miranda Fricker, Steve Fuller, Sanford Goldberg, Alvin Goldman, Philip Kitcher, Martin Kusch, Jennifer Lackey, Helen E. Longino, Philip...

  3. Being‘Social Engineers’

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As demand for social service soars, the government takes measures to train more qualified workers Liu Siting is always busy in her local community, collecting sanitation fees, putting up notices and explaining g arbage-sorting ideas.The 22-year-old college graduate is a social worker based in a residential community in Beijing’s Chaoyang District. She is one of the 1,000 new social workers recruited by the Beijing Municipal Government in July." It’s really not an easy job, due to a lack

  4. Emociones en robots sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Ruzafa Costas, Francisco Manuel

    2016-01-01

    La robótica social está avanzando rápidamente debido a la creciente demanda en un gran número de aplicaciones, a pesar de ser un campo de investigación reciente. Por definición, un robot social es aquel que interactúa y se comunica con las personas siguiendo comportamientos, patrones o normas sociales, aunque dentro de esta definición existe un amplio abanico de niveles desarrollo, desde los sistemas más básicos de interacción hasta complejos sistema de inteligencia artificial. Dentro d...

  5. Social Media Reputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Etter, Michael Andreas; Ravasi, Davide; Colleoni, Elanor

    Social media enable millions of users to create and disseminate narratives about organizations that increase their public exposure and shape public perceptions. In this paper, we draw on the sociology of news production and research on computer-mediated communication to discuss how different...... motivational drivers and contextual conditions associated with the formation of narratives in traditional news media and social media influence their content, diffusion, and impact significantly. Our analysis suggests that current theories of media reputation may provide an incomplete representation...... of the phenomenon, and highlight theoretically relevant differences and interrelationships between reputational dynamics involving news media and social media....

  6. Architecting social TV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figuerola Salas, Óscar; Kalva, Hari

    2013-09-01

    Video consumption patterns continue to change with consumers relying more and more on on-demand Internet video and portable devices rather than traditional TV services. This new form of video service delivery and consumption makes possible more interactive and social experiences for video consumers, commonly referred to as Social TV services. This paper presents an overview of technologies and guidelines for the development of Social TV applications. A prototype using three core technologies, WebRTC, DASH, and WebSocket was developed to understand the challenges and demonstrate the feasibility of such applications.

  7. Data Mining in Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbier, Geoffrey; Liu, Huan

    The rise of online social media is providing a wealth of social network data. Data mining techniques provide researchers and practitioners the tools needed to analyze large, complex, and frequently changing social media data. This chapter introduces the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative examples with an emphasis on social networking sites and blogs.

  8. Civilsamfund, Medborgerskab og Social Kapital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje, Thomas P.

    2007-01-01

    En analyse af begreberne civilsamfund, medborgerskab og social kapital - historisk og aktuelt. Der er tale om begreber, som er centrale i forståelsen af de sen-moderne samfunds sociale integration, institutionelle strukturer og sociale udvikling......En analyse af begreberne civilsamfund, medborgerskab og social kapital - historisk og aktuelt. Der er tale om begreber, som er centrale i forståelsen af de sen-moderne samfunds sociale integration, institutionelle strukturer og sociale udvikling...

  9. Civilsamfund, Medborgerskab og Social Kapital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje, Thomas P.

    2013-01-01

    En analyse af begreberne civilsamfund, medborgerskab og social kapital - historisk og aktuelt. Der er tale om begreber, som er centrale i forståelsen af de sen-moderne samfunds sociale integration, institutionelle strukturer og sociale udvikling......En analyse af begreberne civilsamfund, medborgerskab og social kapital - historisk og aktuelt. Der er tale om begreber, som er centrale i forståelsen af de sen-moderne samfunds sociale integration, institutionelle strukturer og sociale udvikling...

  10. China's Migrant Workers' Social Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sifeng; Zhang Wenxue; Wang Lijian; Zhang Li

    2010-01-01

    Based on the definition of migrant workers and migrant workers'social security,systems,policies and regulations and status quo of specific safeguard project of social security have been analyzed.Authors draw following conclusions: China's social security systems of migrant workers show diversification and differentiation trend; national-level policies take on diversification and local-level regulations take on differentiation; social welfare and social assistance have deficiency; coverage rate of social insurance items is extremely low.

  11. Social capital and sports clubs

    OpenAIRE

    Tacon, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Book synopsis: \\ud \\ud This volume provides a collection of critical new perspectives on social capital theory by examining how social values, power relationships, and social identity interact with social capital. This book seeks to extend this theory into what have been largely under-investigated domains, and, at the same time, address long-standing, classic questions in the literature concerning the forms, determinants, and consequences of social capital.\\ud \\ud Social capital can be unders...

  12. Individual choice and social exclusion

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Why is social exclusion a problem? What about ‘voluntary’ social exclusion – when an individual chooses to exclude him or herself from the wider society? Brain Barry has addressed these questions in a recent CASE book, arguing that social exclusion, voluntary or involuntary, offends against social justice and social solidarity. This paper contends that Barry’s arguments are weak for voluntary social exclusion and argues that, perhaps surprisingly, a better case can be made for treating volunt...

  13. Social Entrepreneurship and Capitalist Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Luise Li Langergaard

    2014-01-01

    The paper discusses the relation between social entrepreneurship and capitalism. In the wake of the crisis erupting in 2008, the political attention to social entrepreneurship has intensified and social entrepreneurship and social innovation has been presented as possible solutions to a number of societal problems. By linking different theoretical trends of social entrepreneurship to Boltanski and Chiapello’s three spirits of capitalism the paper elucidates different variations of social entr...

  14. Between social dumping and social protection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul; Sandberg, Marie

    2014-01-01

    In a world increasingly challenged by neoliberal restructurings of labour markets within the global economy, labour organisation is continuously challenged. Based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted among Polish construction workers in Denmark, both at their place of work and in their homes in De...... flexibility and availability, and that the composition of the migrant family significantly impacts how migratory practices are made feasible and desirable. Keywords: East-West migrants, labour mobility, social dumping, migrant families, ethnographic fieldwork...

  15. Late Qing Social Divisions and Social Stratification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChiYunfei,; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly

    2004-01-01

    Following the Opium Wars of the mid19th century, structural changes arose in Chinese society which accelerated drastically during the last decade of the Qing regime (1644-1911 ). In these 10 years, as new policies were introduced, three groups of people emerged: a new type of intellectuals; a new social stratum of gentry from the old-styled mandarin and scholar-officials;

  16. Modern Social Media and Social Revolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    measuring the new era and defining its rhythm” (Papp, Albert, and Tuyahov 1997, 20). Marshall McLuhan (1967), professor of communications and culture...Mobiledia.com. Youth values mobile media, social media. http://www.mobiledia.com/ news/115297.html (accessed 4 November 2011). 114 McLuhan , Marshall ...true with technological advances as with print media on civilization. McLuhan asserts, “Printing was the first mechanization of an ancient handicraft

  17. Multilayer Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickison, Mark; Magnani, Matteo; Rossi, Luca

    research communities, leading to the development of several independent models and methods to deal with the same set of problems. This book unifies and consolidates existing practical and theoretical knowledge on multilayer networks including data collection and analysis, modeling, and mining of multilayer......Multilayer networks, in particular multilayer social networks, where users belong to and interact on different networks at the same time, are an active research area in social network analysis, computer science, and physics. These networks have traditionally been studied within these separate...... social network systems, the evolution of interconnected social networks, and dynamic processes such as information spreading. A single real dataset is used to illustrate the concepts presented throughout the book, demonstrating both the practical utility and the potential shortcomings of the various...

  18. Social experience infrastructure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvistgaard, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Using the case of Kühlungsborn in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern as an example of a resort in which social experience infrastructure plays a pivotal role in the ongoing success of attracting German tourists from especially Berlin, Hamburg and Hanover it is the aim of this article in a descriptive...... infrastructure in order to create experience spaces for personal experiences (in line with Schultze’s social constructivist view of experiences) without completely adhering to the economic rationalist thoughts and guidelines of Pine & Gilmore that claim that experiences can be designed and controlled...... by experience designers. The notion of social experience infrastructure may be placed in the cross field between the social constructivist and the economic rationalist approach....

  19. Social Security Umbrella Expanded

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The government issues a draft law to improve the country’s social security system Zhao Yanfang, 25, is an engineer at a designing institute in Beijing.After she graduated from a university in Jiangsu Province in 2005,

  20. Enuresis: A Social Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, James E.

    1978-01-01

    Several theories and treatments of enuresis are described. The authors conclude that enuresis is a social problem (perhaps due to maturational lag, developmental delay or faulty learning) which requires teacher and parental tolerance and understanding. (SE)

  1. Arizona - Social Vulnerability Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Social Vulnerability Index is derived from the 2000 US Census data. The fields included are percent minority, median household income, age (under 18 and over...

  2. Social judgments from faces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todorov, Alexander; Mende-Siedlecki, Peter; Dotsch, Ron

    2013-06-01

    People make rapid and consequential social judgments from minimal (non-emotional) facial cues. There has been rapid progress in identifying the perceptual basis of these judgments using data-driven, computational models. In contrast, our understanding of the neural underpinnings of these judgments is rather limited. Meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies find a wide range of seemingly inconsistent responses in the amygdala that co-vary with social judgments from faces. Guided by computational models of social judgments, these responses can be accounted by positing that the amygdala (and posterior face selective regions) tracks face typicality. Atypical faces, whether positively or negatively evaluated, elicit stronger responses in the amygdala. We conclude with the promise of data-driven methods for modeling neural responses to social judgments from faces.

  3. Social Biography and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crepeau, Elizabeth Blesedell

    1997-01-01

    A researcher's life experiences cannot help but influence the research process. Including elements of one's social biography in research reports helps readers identify how a researcher's history and biases shaped the study. (SK)

  4. Consolidating Social Media Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Munar, Ana Maria; Larson, Mia

    2014-01-01

    This study revisits and integrates the insights of recent studies on emergent social media strategies deployed by destination and event management organisations. In a comparative analysis Munar (2012) identified four generic approaches pursued by national tourism boards in the Nordic region, while...... Gyimóthy & Larson (2014) portrayed three digital value co-creation strategies deployed by festival social media. Both frameworks provided novel analytical typologies which identified a series of categories (mimetic, analytic, immersion, advertising and insourcing, crowdsourcing and community consolidation......). This paper discusses the complementary nature of these conceptual proposals and advances an integrated conceptual framework of social media strategies. Based on the empirical findings of a case study that revisits evolving digital and social media strategies of European DMOs this paper maps the dynamics...

  5. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS SOCIAL INTERACTION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henry; Lima, Patricia; Olsen, Bente

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to explore how entrepreneurs work with innovation; to explore and develop attention points in understanding entrepreneurship as social processes of interaction between people. Through interviews and engagement with entrepreneurs and key stakeholders, their actual social practices...... and the influence on the progress as innovators are explored. It is focused on a new local activity in a Danish town, named the I-factory which has within a year gathered almost 40 entrepreneurs. As a part of the interaction, there were created activities to encourage even more collaboration. We see...... entrepreneurship as socially constructed through local interactions between players and identify key themes in these interactions within the organisation, such as leadership, becoming part of the initiative and trust/mistrust. By doing so, this paper contributes to an understanding of entrepreneurship as social...

  6. Embodied social cognition

    CERN Document Server

    Lindblom, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    This book clarifies the role and relevance of the body in social interaction and cognition from an embodied cognitive science perspective. Theories of embodied cognition have during the last decades offered a radical shift in explanations of the human mind, from traditional computationalism, to emphasizing the way cognition is shaped by the body and its sensorimotor interaction with the surrounding social and material world. This book presents a theoretical framework for the relational nature of embodied social cognition, which is based on an interdisciplinary approach that ranges historically in time and across different disciplines. It includes work in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, phenomenology, ethology, developmental psychology, neuroscience, social psychology, linguistics, communication, and gesture studies. The theoretical framework is illustrated by empirical work that provides some detailed observational fieldwork on embodied actions captured in three different episodes of spontaneous s...

  7. Mentalization and social understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køster, Allan

    2015-01-01

    Recently, mentalization theory (Fonagy, Bateman) has risen to fame as a theoretical framework emphasizing social cognition as a key issue in its approach to psychotherapy and psychopathology. In this paper, I review and criticise the social-ontological assumptions made by mentalization theory......, the works of Merleau-Ponty, as well as contemporary phenomenology and enactivism (S. Gallagher, D. Hutto etc.). Since mentalization theory was originally developed as a framework for understanding Borderline Personality Disorder, the article furthermore offers a reinterpretation of the issue of social...... cognition reported in BPD through the lens of the alternative framework. Contrary to the received view, the article suggest that issues of social cognition in BPD should perhaps not be seen as primarily a lack of, or inability to mentalize, but rather as a hyper-sensitivity to the expressive dimension...

  8. Social Shaping of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Mack, Alexandra

    Why is it that some business proposals – no matter how well researched with users and business developed – don’t seem to make it through the organizational jungle to become a real product, while others do? How shall we understand the innovative practices that we engage with our ethnographic work...... - in particular in a large corporation? This workshop explores how innovation is socially shaped in organizations. Based on our experiences with practices around innovation and collaboration, we start from three proposition about the social shaping of innovation: • Ideas don't thrive as text (i.e. we need...... to consider other media) • Ideas need socialization (ideas are linked to people, we need to be careful about how we support the social innovation context) • Ideas are local (ideas spring out of a local contingency, we need to take care in how we like them to travel)....

  9. The social question revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenneth, Petersson; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2015-01-01

    of social and political unrest, poverty and lack of morality. In the name of European Union social integration is thus organized differently as compared to former times. There are, nevertheless similarities. In both cases educational systems become key arenas for integrating social groups......The focus of this chapter is the re-installation of the social question as a historical practice. The purpose is to investigate how historic figures return and are applied in contemporary political discourses, more precisely in the context of education, education policy and teacher education...... and raising the level of knowledge and competences in society. Higher education, in this case teacher education, is supposed to develop potentials of individuals and maximize “their contribution to a sustainable and democratic knowledge-based society.” Consequently; student cohorts should reflect...

  10. Social Security: Theoretical Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. I. Kashnik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the phenomena of security and social security from the philosophical, sociological and psychological perspective. The undertaken analysis of domestic and foreign scientific materials demonstrates the need for interdisciplinary studies, including pedagogy and education, aimed at developing the guidelines for protecting the social system from destruction. The paper defines the indicators, security level indices and their assessment methods singled out from the analytical reports and security studies by the leading Russian sociological centers and international expert organizations, including the United Nations.The research is aimed at finding out the adequate models of personal and social security control systems at various social levels. The theoretical concepts can be applied by the teachers of the Bases of Life Safety course, the managers and researches developing the assessment criteria and security indices of educational environment evaluation, as well as the methods of diagnostics and expertise of educational establishments from the security standpoint. 

  11. Philosophy of social science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Vergeer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mark Risjord. Philosophy of Social Science. A Contemporary Introduction. Serie: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy. New York and London: Routledge, 2014, 288 p., €42,75. ISBN 978 0 415 89825 6

  12. de la competencia social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Naranjo Meléndez,

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este documento es revisar las explicaciones que ofrece la psicología evolucionista acerca de distintos elementos de la competencia social. Se presenta una visión general de esta perspectiva psicológica, junto con aportes investigativos sobre evolución de estructuras neurobiológicas, teorías sobre las ventajas y los costos adaptativos de la conducta social y explicaciones relacionadas con la cooperación y el altruismo, entre otros. También se analiza el concepto de inteligencia social y el fenómeno de la culpa en humanos comparadamente con otras especies. Se concluye con una evaluación del estado actual de conocimientos sobre la competencia social desde las aproximaciones evolucionistas y con algunos lineamientos metodológicos y teóricos básicos.

  13. Socially Responsible Investing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parisi, Cristiana; Stang, Andreas

    This paper analyzes the Scandinavian market for Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) mutual funds in order to determine the returns from discriminatory investment decision compared to the return from conventional portfolios. The analysis is conducted on 642 Scandinavian equity mutual funds...

  14. The Social Experiment Market

    OpenAIRE

    David Greenberg; Mark Shroder; Matthew Onstott

    1999-01-01

    In social experiments, individuals, households, or organizations are randomly assigned to two or more policy interventions. Elsewhere, we have summarized 143 experiments completed by autumn 1996. Here, we use the information we have gathered on these experiments and findings from informal telephone interviews to investigate the social experiment market--the buyers and sellers in the market that governs the production of experiments. We discuss target populations, types of interventions tested...

  15. Evolution of Social networks

    OpenAIRE

    Hellmann, Tim; Staudigl, Mathias

    2012-01-01

    Modeling the evolution of networks is central to our understanding of modern large communication systems, such as theWorld-Wide-Web, as well as economic and social networks. The research on social and economic networks is truly interdisciplinary and the number of modeling strategies and concepts is enormous. In this survey we present some modeling approaches, covering classical random graph models and game-theoretic models, which may be used to provide a unified framework to model and analyze...

  16. 2013 social balance sheet

    OpenAIRE

    Pierrette Heuse

    2014-01-01

    The transposition into national law of Directive 2013/34/EU on the annual financial statements of companies, expected by no later than July 2015, could alter the statistical obligations on small firms in connection with the filing of their annual accounts. In any case, the social balance sheet can no longer form an integral part of their accounts. Nevertheless, it contains original information whose usefulness is highlighted, on the basis of the social balance sheets for 2012, by examining th...

  17. Social Media Cocreation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores how social media becomes a part of integrated marketing communications of festival organizations. The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize the co-creation of festival experiences online by comparing managerial strategies and communicative patterns of three large....... Based on the empirical findings, we propose an analytical framework to improve our understanding of the management of social media communications, offering three distinct value co-creation strategies in a festival context....

  18. EF & den sociale dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Due, Jesper Jørgen; Madsen, Jørgen Steen; Jensen, Carsten Strøby

    En analyse af EU's institutioner og udviklingen af den sociale dimension i forbindelse med etbaleringen af det indre marked med særlig henblik på effekterne på det danske aftalesystem.......En analyse af EU's institutioner og udviklingen af den sociale dimension i forbindelse med etbaleringen af det indre marked med særlig henblik på effekterne på det danske aftalesystem....

  19. Social norms and money

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, Luís

    2000-01-01

    In an economy where there is no double coincidence of wants and without recordkeeping of past transactions, money is usually seen as the only mechanism that can support exchange. In this paper, we show that, as long as the population is finite and agents are sufficiently patient, a social norm establishing gift-exchange can substitute for money. Notwithstanding, for a given discount factor, the growth of the population size eventually leads to the breakdown of the social norm, ...

  20. A conservative's social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCauley, Clark

    2015-01-01

    I suggest that social psychologists should stick to studying positive and negative attitudes and give up stigmatizing some attitudes as "prejudice." I recommend that we avoid assuming that race and ethnicity have no biological foundations, in order to avoid a collision course with modern biology. And I wonder how much difference the target article recommendations can make in the context of hiring a social psychologist for an academic position.

  1. Social pharmacology: expanding horizons

    OpenAIRE

    Rituparna Maiti; José Luis Alloza

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinic...

  2. The social media image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadav Hochman

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available How do the organization and presentation of large-scale social media images recondition the process by which visual knowledge, value, and meaning are made in contemporary conditions? Analyzing fundamental elements in the changing syntax of existing visual software ontology—the ways current social media platforms and aggregators organize and categorize social media images—this article relates how visual materials created within social media platforms manifest distinct modes of knowledge production and acquisition. First, I analyze the structure of social media images within data streams as opposed to previous information organization in a structured database. While the database has no pre-defined notions of time and thus challenges traditional linear forms, the data stream re-emphasizes the linearity of a particular data sequence and activates a set of new relations to contemporary temporalities. Next, I show how these visual arrangements and temporal principles are manifested and discussed in three artworks: “Untitled” (Perfect Lovers by Felix Gonzalez-Torres (1991, The Clock by Christian Marclay (2011, and Last Clock by Jussi Ängeslevä and Ross Cooper (2002. By emphasizing the technical and poetic ways in which social media situate the present as a “thick” historical unit that embodies multiple and synchronous temporalities, this article illuminates some of the conditions, challenges, and tensions between former visual structures and current ones, and unfolds the cultural significations of contemporary big visual data.

  3. Social group and mobbing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltezarević Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Our reality, having been subject to the numerous social crises during the last decades of the 20th century, is characterized by frequent incidences of powerlessness and alienation. The man is more frequently a subject to loneliness and overcomes the feeling of worthlessness, no matter whether he considers himself an individual or a part of a whole larger social. Such an environment leads to development of aggression in all fields of ones life. This paper has as an objective the pointing out of the mental harassment that is manifested in the working environment. There is a prevalence of mobbing cases, as a mode of pathological communication. The result of this is that a person, subjected to this kind of abuse, is soon faced with social isolation. This research also aspires to initiate the need for social groups self-organization of which victims are part of. The reaction modality of a social group directly conditions the outcome of the deliberate social drama, one is subjected to it as a result of mobbing.

  4. Social Pharmacology: Expanding horizons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rituparna Maiti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of "social pharmacology" is not covered by the so-called "Phase IV" alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the "life cycle" of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences.

  5. Social marketing in healthcare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radha Aras

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundSocial marketing is an important tool in the delivery ofhealthcare services. For any healthcare programme orproject to be successful, community/consumer participationis required. The four principles of social marketing can guidepolicymakers and healthcare providers to successfully planand implement health programmes.AimTo review the existing literature in order to project thebenefits of social marketing in healthcare.MethodA search of periodical literature by the author involvingsocial marketing and marketing concepts in health wascarried out. Items were identified initially through healthorientedindexing services such as Medline, Health STARand Cinahl, using the identifiers “social marketing“ and“marketing in health”. An extensive search was also carriedout on educational database ERIC.ResultsA literature review of various studies on social marketingindicated that the selection of the right product (accordingto the community need at the right place, with the rightstrategy for promotion and at the right price yields goodresults. However, along with technical sustainability(product, price, promotion and place, financialsustainability, institutional sustainability and marketsustainability are conducive factors for the success of socialmarketing.ConclusionThe purpose of this literature review was to ascertain thelikely effectiveness of social marketing principles andapproaches and behaviour change communication towardshealth promotion.It is important for all healthcare workers to understand andrespond to the public’s desires and needs and routinely useconsumer research to determine how best to help thepublic to solve problems and realise aspirations. Socialmarketing can optimise public health by facilitatingrelationship-building with consumers and making their liveshealthier.

  6. Social pharmacology: expanding horizons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of "social pharmacology" is not covered by the so-called "Phase IV" alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the "life cycle" of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences.

  7. Measuring online social bubbles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitar Nikolov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Social media have become a prevalent channel to access information, spread ideas, and influence opinions. However, it has been suggested that social and algorithmic filtering may cause exposure to less diverse points of view. Here we quantitatively measure this kind of social bias at the collective level by mining a massive datasets of web clicks. Our analysis shows that collectively, people access information from a significantly narrower spectrum of sources through social media and email, compared to a search baseline. The significance of this finding for individual exposure is revealed by investigating the relationship between the diversity of information sources experienced by users at both the collective and individual levels in two datasets where individual users can be analyzed—Twitter posts and search logs. There is a strong correlation between collective and individual diversity, supporting the notion that when we use social media we find ourselves inside “social bubbles.” Our results could lead to a deeper understanding of how technology biases our exposure to new information.

  8. Doing social media analytics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Brooker

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the few years since the advent of ‘Big Data’ research, social media analytics has begun to accumulate studies drawing on social media as a resource and tool for research work. Yet, there has been relatively little attention paid to the development of methodologies for handling this kind of data. The few works that exist in this area often reflect upon the implications of ‘grand’ social science methodological concepts for new social media research (i.e. they focus on general issues such as sampling, data validity, ethics, etc.. By contrast, we advance an abductively oriented methodological suite designed to explore the construction of phenomena played out through social media. To do this, we use a software tool – Chorus – to illustrate a visual analytic approach to data. Informed by visual analytic principles, we posit a two-by-two methodological model of social media analytics, combining two data collection strategies with two analytic modes. We go on to demonstrate each of these four approaches ‘in action’, to help clarify how and why they might be used to address various research questions.

  9. Social exclusion and education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jokić Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Social exclusion is a process whereby certain individuals are pushed to the edge of society and prevented from participating fully by virtue of their poverty, or lack of basic competencies and lifelong learning opportunities or as a result of discrimination. This distances them from job, income and education opportunities as well as social and community networks and activities. Quality education (conditions and access/accessibility/availability is one of the factors that significantly influence the reduced social exclusion. In other words, education has is key role key role in ensuring social inclusion (equal opportunities and active social participation. At the same time, education and lifelong learning is established as the basis for achieving the goals of sustainable economic development (economy based on knowledge and to achieve social cohesion. Quality education is a prerequisite for progress, development and well-being of the community. Conditions and accessibility to education have become priorities of national reforms in most European countries. The subject of this paper is the educational structure of population of Serbia and the accessibility of education. The analysis covers the educational structure with regard to age, gender and type of settlement (city and other/villages settlements.

  10. The social life of cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korman, Joanna; Voiklis, John; Malle, Bertram F

    2015-02-01

    We begin by illustrating that long before the cognitive revolution, social psychology focused on topics pertaining to what is now known as social cognition: people's subjective interpretations of social situations and the concepts and cognitive processes underlying these interpretations. We then examine two questions: whether social cognition entails characteristic concepts and cognitive processes, and how social processes might themselves shape and constrain cognition. We suggest that social cognition relies heavily on generic cognition but also on unique concepts (e.g., agent, intentionality) and unique processes (e.g., projection, imitation, joint attention). We further suggest that social processes play a prominent role in the development and unfolding of several generic cognitive processes, including learning, attention, and memory. Finally, we comment on the prospects of a recently developing approach to the study of social cognition (social neuroscience) and two potential future directions (computational social cognition and social-cognitive robotics).

  11. Social capital and psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Lijun

    2011-12-01

    The author proposes a conceptual model to explain the diverse roles of social capital--resources embedded in social networks--in the social production of health. Using a unique national U.S. sample, the author estimated a path analysis model to examine the direct and indirect effects of social capital on psychological distress and its intervening effects on the relationships between other structural antecedents and psychological distress. The results show that social capital is inversely associated with psychological distress, and part of that effect is indirect through subjective social status. Social capital also acts as an intervening mechanism to link seven social factors (age, gender, race-ethnicity, education, occupational prestige, annual family income, and voluntary participation) with psychological distress. This study develops the theory of social capital as network resources and demonstrates the complex functions of social capital as a distinct social determinant of health.

  12. Social Innovation and Collaborative Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda; Hulgård, Lars

    of public bodies. Hereby they embody the new arenas of social entrepreneurship that has entered the Danish policy and practical arena in the forms of hybrid types of social service provision in the area of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship. Based on these case studies it is suggested...... development and local participation in welfare production this presentation draws upon a number of case studies on young social economy organizations. These organizations seek to gain ground as social enterprises delivering social services in partnerships with the civic society and sometimes also a number......Departing from a brief state of the art on social entrepreneurship in Denmark sketching out how social entrepreneurship and social innovation is introduced referring to partly a more classical approach to entrepreneurship and innovation and partly referring to a specific Danish tradition for social...

  13. Incluso: Social software for the social inclusion of marginalized youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Van den Bosch

    2010-12-01

    Can ICT, and more specifically social software, support welfare organizations in their work with marginalized young people? This was the main research question addressed in INCLUSO, a research project funded by the European Commission’s 7th Framework Programme. In this paper, the authors start by introducing the concepts of social exclusion, e-inclusion and the digital divide. They discuss the concept of social software, its use by youngsters and the potential of social software to contribute to social inclusion. The authors then report on the organizational challenges met as they guided four social welfare organizations from Austria, Belgium, Poland and the UK in their implementation of social software tools to support their interaction with marginalized young people. They identify these challenges and present tools to assist social work organizations in defining successful strategies for adopting ICT and social software within their organizations. INCLUSO: Sociale software ten behoeve van sociale inclusie van gemarginaliseerde jongeren In hoeverre kan ICT, en in het bijzonder het gebruik van sociale software, een bijdrage leveren aan de sociale inclusie van kansarme jongeren? Wat is de rol van welzijnsorganisaties in dit proces en wat zijn de voornaamste belemmeringen voor het gebruik van sociale software als middel om sociale inclusie te stimuleren? Deze vragen stonden centraal in het INCLUSOproject, een onderzoeksproject dat werd gefinancierd door de European Commission’s 7th Framework Programme. Dit artikel start met een toelichting op concepten als sociale uitsluiting, digitale inclusie en digital divide. Ook wordt ingegaan op het gebruik van social software door jongeren en de potentie ervan voor sociale inclusie. De auteurs doen vervolgens verslag van de organisatorische uitdagingen die ontstonden bij de begeleiding van vier welzijnsorganisaties, bij de implementatie van social software ten behoeve van sociale inclusie. Zij identificeren deze

  14. Poder civil y religioso durante el primer franquismo en Málaga: disciplina y moralidad para el control social de la mujer

    OpenAIRE

    Cerón Torreblanca, Cristian

    2016-01-01

    La comunicación resalta las estrategias empleadas por el poder civil y religioso para controlar a las mujeres durante el primer franquismo en Málaga. Disciplina y moralidad cumplieron un papel fundamental tanto en la consolidación de la dictadura, como en la extensión del catolicismo. De tal forma, esta duplicidad de poderes generó fricciones entre ambos por disputarse la hegemonía sobre el papel de la mujer. Una competencia aumentada en las zonas costeras por el naciente turismo. El empleo d...

  15. Entre a cruz e a espada: religião, política e controle social nas Minas do Ouro (1693-1745)

    OpenAIRE

    Dias,Renato da Silva

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo central deste artigo é tratar das implicações políticas concernentes à implantação do catolicismo no hinterland mineiro, em sua fase de organização (1693-1745), assinalando as principais dificuldades encontradas pela coroa para estabelecer a vida religiosa nesse território. Percebe-se que o político não pode ser esquadrinhado somente em seu registro mais aparente, uma vez que ele também jaz em causas mais profundas que se radicam no imaginário religioso. Destarte, diante da complex...

  16. Social Simulation in the Social Sciences: A Brief Overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jager, Wander; Squazzoni, Flaminio; Edmonds, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the social simulation approach to the study of social phenomena. We focus especially on the relevance of heterogeneity of social behavior and dynamics and the complex interplay of agent behavior and social structure. The article identifies the peculiarities and t

  17. Social Justice, Education and School Social Work in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadir, Ural; Aktan, Mehmet Can

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on welfare state, social justice and school social work interaction. In this paper, these three concepts' reflections in Turkey were mentioned. Researchers aimed to discuss how school social work (which is brought to the agenda recently) is important in the provision of social justice in Turkish public service delivery. [For the…

  18. The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlbach, Hunter

    2010-01-01

    Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior, social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates…

  19. Social University Challenge: Constructing Pragmatic Graduate Competencies for Social Networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Vladlena; Morgan, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    With the strong acceptance of social technologies by student users, the academic applications have swiftly followed, bringing a social dimension into every area of university life. However, there have been concerns raised about the impact of social media on students. Some Universities have started including social media skills training in the…

  20. Social Enterprise, Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship in Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, H. Thomas R.; Hafen, Niklas

    2014-01-01

    gradually been liberalised through the introduction of ele-ments of individual freedom of choice and decentralisation in welfare provision, a process initiated by a Centre-Right coalition during the end of the 1980s, continued by Social Democratic Govern-ments and most recently by the Centre-Right coalition...... becomes for the mainstream labour market in the best of times. This has resulted in suggestions of a need of a two-tier labour market. Like in many other countries, also in Sweden, entrepreneurship is generally recognized and emphasised as a means for economic growth and prosperity and a catchphrase...... for economic stimulus. Even though stimulation of entrepreneurship is an important policy in most countries, the posi-tive societal outcomes are normally seen as indirect (i.e. generating jobs and more tax-income for the government) rather than direct societal effects stemming from the specific activities...

  1. Intercultural Peers’ effect on Social Identity of Social Media Users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khajeheian, Datis

    2016-01-01

    This research investigates the effect of social media peers on the social identity of consumers. The critical perspective of this research is based on the consumer socialization theory research framework. This framework consists of three levels - the global, national and local peers - and their i......This research investigates the effect of social media peers on the social identity of consumers. The critical perspective of this research is based on the consumer socialization theory research framework. This framework consists of three levels - the global, national and local peers...... socialization of peers” on the social identity of consumers is overestimated. Rather, the main influence comes from peers in the real world. The influence of this real world peer on consumption patterns is much higher than social media peers. Though social media is used for communication of real world peers...

  2. Estrogenic involvement in social learning, social recognition and pathogen avoidance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choleris, Elena; Clipperton-Allen, Amy E; Phan, Anna; Valsecchi, Paola; Kavaliers, Martin

    2012-04-01

    Sociality comes with specific cognitive skills that allow the proper processing of information about others (social recognition), as well as of information originating from others (social learning). Because sociality and social interactions can also facilitate the spread of infection among individuals the ability to recognize and avoid pathogen threat is also essential. We review here various studies primarily from the rodent literature supporting estrogenic involvement in the regulation of social recognition, social learning (socially acquired food preferences and mate choice copying) and the recognition and avoidance of infected and potentially infected individuals. We consider both genomic and rapid estrogenic effects involving estrogen receptors α and β, and G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1, along with their interactions with neuropeptide systems in the processing of social stimuli and the regulation and expression of these various socially relevant behaviors.

  3. Social Problem Solving Skill Research and Social-Skill Training

    OpenAIRE

    一前, 春子

    1996-01-01

    Reseach on the relation between social information-processing and social adjustment in childhood is reviewed and interpreted within the framework of social informationprocessing model and INS model.The review suggests that two models have different useful aspects. Then, efforts of social-skill training and their effects on children are examined.Results of social-skill training indicates that both children with problems and normal children receive benefit.

  4. Sobre solo sagrado: identidade quilombola e catolicismo na comunidade de Água Morna (Curiúva, PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Porto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O reconhecimento de direitos coletivos a comunidades quilombolas abriu caminho nas cenas políticas nacional e regional para a participação de comunidades negras que muitas vezes não possuíam qualquer visibilidade para além de seu âmbito local. Esses grupos precisaram se organizar e elaborar um discurso estruturado sobre sua identidade e direitos que se encaixasse nas demandas estatais, respondendo de formas distintas ao novo contexto - havendo inclusive casos de rejeição ao processo de regularização fundiária. Nesse quadro, a comunidade de Água Morna, localizada no estado do Paraná, vem respondendo de maneira positiva a tal demanda, suscitando a reflexão em torno das bases sobre as quais constrói sua identidade e a história de sua relação com o território, a partir da mobilização das práticas religiosas populares consolidadas no grupo. A proposta deste texto é analisar de que maneira se dá essa mobilização.

  5. Bioética y catolicismo: dificultades en torno a la constitución de una identidad colectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Irrazábal

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Para 1994, las preocupaciones sobre los avances científicos en términos de biomedicina como la manipulación genética, la reproducción asistida, la anticoncepción y el aborto llevaron al Papa Juan Pablo II a instituir formalmente a la Pontificia Academia para la Vida con el objetivo de defender y promover la vida mediante el estudio y monitoreo de los avances médicos y el derecho. En Argentina, para fines de la década del noventa, algunos movimientos católicos iniciaron la formación de laicos en bioética, apoyando la idea de que son ellos, especialmente los profesionales de la salud, quienes deben difundir los postulados doctrinarios en el territorio, allí donde se encuentran los bautizados. Este trabajo intentará dar cuenta de las estrategias de producción identitarias por parte de algunos líderes católicos bioéticos de un grupo que se dedica a formar laicos en bioética, durante el año 2008.In 1994, the Catholic Pope, Juan Pablo II, founded the Pontifical Academy for Life due to the new scientific developments in genetics, contraception, in vitro fertilization and abortion. The main objective of this academy was to defend and promote human life by means of studying and monitoring science and law progress. At the end of the 1990s, In Argentina, some catholic movements began training lays, especially health professionals, in bioethics so that they could spread their ideas and beliefs in the territory, where the baptized people are. This work will treat the identity production strategies of some catholic bioethics' leaders of a group whose work is to teach bioethics to lays during 2008.

  6. Un enigma llamado Agostino Gemelli: catolicismo, fascismo y psicoanálisis en la Italia de entreguerras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Pasqualini

    Full Text Available Resumen El padre franciscano Agostino Gemelli jugó importante rol en la articulación entre el mundo católico y el fascismo en la Italia de entreguerras. Gemelli fue también una figura central de la psicología italiana, especialmente durante las décadas de 1930 y 1940. El artículo enfoca sus estrategias de construcción profesional, con especial atención, la manera en que su vinculación con el poder político y eclesiástico permitió su creciente relevancia dentro de la psicología italiana. Tomando como ejemplo la vinculación de Gemelli con el psicoanálisis, se subraya la tensión entre su relativa apertura y su compromiso con ideologías e instituciones autoritarias y dogmáticas.

  7. León XIII y la memoria de un catolicismo que «nació libre»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robles Muñoz, Cristóbal

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Problems and responses during the pontificate of León XIII experienced changes of orientation after arrival of Pío XII. One of the problems was how to extend the presence of the Church among society, and expand relations of the latest with the Church. Responses were freedom and justice. Freedom to reflect on faith, thinking over its origins and dialoguing with culture, and to use recognised civil rights. Justice as a moral compromise towards the inhuman life conditions suffered by the population. León XIII was frightened at any innovation, but accepted the debate.

    Los problemas y respuestas presentes en la etapa de León XIII experimentaron un cambio de rumbo con la llegada de Pío X. Los problemas enraízan la presencia de la Iglesia en la sociedad y de ésta en la Iglesia. Las respuestas, la libertad y la justicia. La libertad, para pensar la fe, investigando sus orígenes y dialogando con la cultura, para usar derechos civilmente reconocidos. La justicia, como exigencia moral frente a las condiciones inhumanas en las que vive el pueblo. León XIII temió las novedades, pero aceptó el debate.

  8. A methodology for social experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Ib

    A methodology is outlined whereby one may improve the performance of a social system to the satisfaction of its stakeholders, that is, facilitate desirable social and organizational transformations......A methodology is outlined whereby one may improve the performance of a social system to the satisfaction of its stakeholders, that is, facilitate desirable social and organizational transformations...

  9. [Social media, children and pediatricians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Heuzey, M-F

    2012-01-01

    Using social media web sites is a common activity for children, and any site that allows social interaction (social network, games, virtual worlds...) is a social media site. Pediatricians are in a position to help families understand the benefits and the risks of these sites, and to diagnose problems in children and adolescents as cyberbullying, depression, and post traumatic disorder.

  10. Home education: The social motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian W. BECK

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Data from a Norwegian survey show correlation between a student’s socially related problems at school and the parent’s social motivation for home education. I argue that more time spent at school by a student could result in more socially related problems at school, which can explain an increase in social motivation for home education.

  11. Social Cohesion and Voluntary Associations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuser, Brian L.

    2005-01-01

    Voluntary organizations exert great influence over how social norms and ethical codes are guided into action. As such, they have a significant impact on societal levels of social cohesion. Although social capital involves generalized trust becoming manifest as spontaneous sociability, social cohesion is determined by how that sociability is…

  12. The Ethics of Social Cohesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuser, Brian L.

    2005-01-01

    With trust as its antecedent, social capital comprises the potential capacities of a people to prosper. Building on the presence of social capital, social cohesion involves the internalization of social ethics and constitutes the level of realized propensity among citizens to engage in virtuous behavior for the common good. This theory elaboration…

  13. Social Differences and English Varieties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2001-01-01

    Social varieties has long been taken into consideration, as people in different social group have different social manner and speech behavior. This paper focuses on several aspects, such as sex, age, social class, etc. Which account for language varieties in English. The purpose is to have a good understanding of learning English as second language.

  14. Social Functions of English Euphemism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师艳芹; 张沙沙

    2013-01-01

    Euphemisms reflect the social culture and social psychology; they change with the social changing. This paper is intended to study which specific areas are usually euphemized in the two largest English-speaking countries and the reasons why people there avoid talking about those things in plain words. The paper is attempting to explore the social functions of euphemism.

  15. Social Interactions in Growing Bananas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Dercon, Stefan

    that social effects are strongly dependent on the definition of the reference group. It emerges that no social effects are found in distance based groups, exogenous social effects linked to group education exist in informal insurance groups, and only kinship related groups generate the endogenous social...

  16. Home education: The social motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Christian W. Beck

    2010-01-01

    Data from a Norwegian survey show correlation between a student’s socially related problems at school and the parent’s social motivation for home education. I argue that more time spent at school by a student could result in more socially related problems at school, which can explain an increase in social motivation for home education.

  17. Linguistic Diversity and Social Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piller, Ingrid; Takahashi, Kimie

    2011-01-01

    This introduction provides the framework for the special issue by describing the social inclusion agenda of neoliberal market democracies. While the social inclusion agenda has been widely adopted, social inclusion policies are often blind to the ways in which language proficiency and language ideologies mediate social inclusion in linguistically…

  18. Animal models of social avoidance and social fear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Iulia; Neumann, Inga D

    2013-10-01

    Social fear and avoidance of social situations represent the main behavioral symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD), a highly prevalent anxiety disorder that is poorly elucidated and has rather unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Therefore, animal models are needed to study the underlying etiology and pathophysiology of SAD and to verify the efficacy of possible novel treatment approaches. In this review, we describe and discuss the most important paradigms that have been shown to induce social avoidance and fear in rodents, including foot shock exposure, restraint stress, social isolation, social instability, social defeat, conditioned defeat, social defeat/overcrowding, chronic subordinate colony housing, chronic mild stress, maternal separation and social fear conditioning. We also describe some of the behavioral paradigms used to assess social avoidance and fear in rodents, including the social interaction test, the social preference-avoidance test, the social approach-avoidance test, the three-chambered social approach test, the partition test and the modified Y-maze test. We focus on the behavioral alterations these paradigms induce, especially on social interaction, general anxiety and depressive-like behavior given that SAD is strongly comorbid with anxiety and affective disorders.

  19. Social Media and Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Markova

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Web 2.0, also referred to as social media, is the use of the World Wide Web to increase creativity, information sharing, and collaboration among users. Social media is driving the rethinking of many of the principles of economics. The use of social media within supply chains is lagging behind their usage for other operational functions, however supply chain management is evolving into supply chain management 2.0.The purpose of this article is to provide researches of the supply chain management a reference with the main concepts of social media: social profiles, social applications, brand outposts and communities, and the social ecosystem.

  20. Social responsibility and SOE restructuring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈志渔; 刘兴国; 周小虎

    2009-01-01

    SOE social responsibility has undergone three stages of evolution.In essence,corporate social responsibility includes social obligations and social expectations.Public attention to SOE social responsibility issues has affected the thinking surrounding SOE restructuring,including the promulgating of objectives and methods.Based on corporate social responsibility,SOE managers must set up a perfect SOE social responsibility system and strengthen supervisory mechanisms;in respect to corporate governance models,SOEs should undertake reform for the corporate citizen governance model.

  1. Assessing Social Ability in Online Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laffey, James; Lin, Guan Yu; Lin, Yimei

    2006-01-01

    Education is a social practice and the ability to interact socially is important to social cognitive learning and social learning. Online education is frequently criticized because it lacks social interaction, a sense of social engagement, and the benefits of learning with others. Social ability with computer-mediated social mechanisms is key to…

  2. ABOUT SOCIAL HERITAGE AND SOCIAL GENOME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filarit Sh. TEREGULOV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is referred to deep educational science, in which the objective reality is associated with peculiarities of perception, how far the beliefs of scientists, emerging stereotypes and language of science can physically and notionally present the origins and mechanisms of personal becoming. It is very difficult to find other burning question for humanity, on which so many arguments are focused and which forces pedagogical community to change their opinion to the contrary so many times. Within this framework, the life-sustaining activity of people is viewed historically as the outerinner evolving system in which the philosophical categories of biological and social aspects are considered as the two poles between which the educational sphere is formed. The main idea of this study is sociogenetic approach which makes it possible to consider that the life-sustaining activity of people is a compromise solution, which can be found by multiple considerations and manifesting as vast variety. The article gives the grounds for the educational activity, including the initial setting of social channels and then circulation through them among specimens of different information modalities, establishes life-time formation of Intelligence and Personality of newly born specimens of the humanity. Study Materials are valuable for both methodologiststheoreticians and technologists of education. doi: 10.17748/2075-9908-2016-8-2/1-114-123. [en

  3. HOLIDAY AS SOCIAL INSTITUTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galaktionova Nelli Anatolyevna

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with holiday as social institute, stages of its institutionalization, such as emergence of need; formation of general objects and ideology proving them; development of social norms and rules;practical adoption of rules and procedures; establishment sanction system; creation of statuses and role system. On the example of Russian festive tradition the general institutional signs of a holiday are described, it is specified that the majority of holidays are at a stage of cultural symbol search having the behavior code; system of ideas; utilitarian and cultural lines; installations and examples of behavior. Taking into consideration the view of Nelli Galaktionova, we can say, that these principles explain the popularity of the Victory Day Holiday and not stable Russian holiday on the 12-th of June- day of Russia. It is stated that the absence of the ritual prevents the popularity of holiday in society. In the article obvious and latent functions of a holiday as social institute are described - regulatory function, integrative, broadcasting, function of reproduction of the social relations, socializing, educational, guarding, forming the culture, communicative, sociocultural, actable, function of leisure and rest organization, adaptive and compensatory, function of removal of ethical regulations. According to the author of article, the holiday is a basis of formation of national and state and civil identity.

  4. Social Representations of Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Zubieta

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article stresses the relationship between Explicit and Implicit theories of Intelligence. Following the line of common sense epistemology and the theory of Social Representations, a study was carried out in order to analyze naive’s explanations about Intelligence Definitions. Based on Mugny & Carugati (1989 research, a self-administered questionnaire was designed and filled in by 286 subjects. Results are congruent with the main hyphotesis postulated: A general overlap between explicit and implicit theories showed up. According to the results Intelligence appears as both, a social attribute related to social adaptation and as a concept defined in relation with contextual variables similar to expert’s current discourses. Nevertheless, conceptions based on “gifted ideology” still are present stressing the main axes of Intelligence debate: biological and sociological determinism. In the same sense, unfamiliarity and social identity are reaffirmed as organizing principles of social representation. The distance with the object -measured as the belief in intelligence differences as a solve/non solve problem- and the level of implication with the topic -teachers/no teachers- appear as discriminating elements at the moment of supporting specific dimensions. 

  5. Social Disadvantage and Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wikström, Per-Olof H.; Treiber, Kyle

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we analyze the relationship between social disadvantage and crime, starting from the paradox that most persistent offenders come from disadvantaged backgrounds, but most people from disadvantaged backgrounds do not become persistent offenders. We argue that despite the fact that social disadvantage has been a key criminological topic for some time, the mechanisms which link it to offending remain poorly specified. Drawing on situational action theory, we suggest social disadvantage is linked to crime because more people from disadvantaged versus affluent backgrounds develop a high crime propensity and are exposed to criminogenic contexts, and the reason for this is that processes of social and self-selection place the former more frequently in (developmental and action) contexts conducive to the development and expression of high crime propensities. This article will explore this hypothesis through a series of analyses using data from the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+), a longitudinal study which uses a range of data collection methods to study the interaction between personal characteristics and social environments. It pays particular attention to the macro-to-micro processes behind the intersection of people with certain characteristics and environments with certain features – i.e., their exposure – which leads to their interaction. PMID:27524829

  6. Social Sciences and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available At the time when the journal Sustainability [1] was launched, as a chemist and a scientist, I started to believe that social sciences may be more important to make humans sustainable. The broad journal title Social Sciences presents the opportunity for all social science scholars to have integrated consideration regarding the sustainability of humanity, because I am sure that science and technology alone cannot help. Science and technology may have in fact been contributing to accelerate the depletion of nonrenewable natural resources and putting human sustainability at risk since the industrial revolution about 150 years ago. I hope all intellectuals studying anthropology, archaeology, administration, communication, criminology, economics, education, government, linguistics, international relations, politics, sociology and, in some contexts, geography, history, law, and psychology publish with us to seek a solution to sustain humanity. Sustainability itself will also be a main topic of the journal Social Sciences. In addition to this integrated forum for social sciences, more topic specific journals, such as the already publishing Societies [2], will be launched. [...

  7. ECONOMY AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg BOGOMOLOV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Market reforms in the post-socialist countries have brought into sharp focus the problem of interconnection and interaction between the economy and the social environment. The economy is inseparable from politics and the operation of the political system, from the state of the social consciousness, the moral and cultural level of the population and from many other aspects of human life and behavior, in short, from everything that can be described by the concept of social environment. Society in every country is a single organism with closely interconnected and interacting parts and systems. Their conjugation and mutual influence are not always apparent and are often overlooked. It is quite easy to see how changes in policy affect the economy and then trace the feedback effect of the economy on policy. It is more difficult to discern the direct and feedback relationship of the economy with administrative relations, with the state of culture, science, morals and public opinion. Meanwhile, an underestimation of these mutual influences is a frequent cause of failures in socio-economic transformation. It is to be regretted that the reforms in Russia were accompanied by a dangerous disruption not only of the economy, but also of the entire system of social relations. What was primary here and what was secondary? In order to answer this question the paper takes a theoretical look at the problem of interaction between the economy and the social environment.

  8. Sobrietology in Social Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Nikolaeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the role of social advertising in promoting the ideas of a sobrietology – the science exploring the negative phenomena affecting human consciousness, investigating the conformities of human society, where the sobriety is a vitally important norm and value, and taking psychoactive substances is limited to the non-affecting the individual and society minimum. Sobrietology emphasizes psychic processes, interpersonal pedagogical interactions and social prospects of a healthy nation. This field of human knowledge can guarantee the necessary assistance to teachers in counteracting the tobacco smoking, taking alcohol, narcotics and toxic substances. The authors denote the structural aspects of sobrientology, its pedagogical guidelines and demonstrate the possible ways of social advertising in educational sphere, developing the ideals of moral and physical health, and steady socially adequate behavior patterns. Social advertising is regarded as the relevant new resource in propagating the healthy and sober life style, and providing the grounds for personal growth. It combines the informational, communicative, educational, patriotic and image-making functions and possesses a powerful potential of influencing people’s consciousness and behavior. In the authors’ opinion, this sort of informational activity is quite perspective and efficient for promoting the ideas of sobriety, sustaining the moral norms and values, and carrying the state anti-alcohol and anti-narcotic policy. 

  9. Sobrietology in Social Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Nikolaeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the role of social advertising in promoting the ideas of a sobrietology – the science exploring the negative phenomena affecting human consciousness, investigating the conformities of human society, where the sobriety is a vitally important norm and value, and taking psychoactive substances is limited to the non-affecting the individual and society minimum. Sobrietology emphasizes psychic processes, interpersonal pedagogical interactions and social prospects of a healthy nation. This field of human knowledge can guarantee the necessary assistance to teachers in counteracting the tobacco smoking, taking alcohol, narcotics and toxic substances. The authors denote the structural aspects of sobrientology, its pedagogical guidelines and demonstrate the possible ways of social advertising in educational sphere, developing the ideals of moral and physical health, and steady socially adequate behavior patterns. Social advertising is regarded as the relevant new resource in propagating the healthy and sober life style, and providing the grounds for personal growth. It combines the informational, communicative, educational, patriotic and image-making functions and possesses a powerful potential of influencing people’s consciousness and behavior. In the authors’ opinion, this sort of informational activity is quite perspective and efficient for promoting the ideas of sobriety, sustaining the moral norms and values, and carrying the state anti-alcohol and anti-narcotic policy. 

  10. Mindful Social Work?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debaene, Raf

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Mindfulness gets growing attention in the education and practice of social work. It is seen as an important source of inspiration for social work and as a counterbalance for the rationalization of social work. Hick states that mindfulness “is an orientation to our everyday experiences that can be cultivated by means of various exercises and practices. By opening up in a particular way to their internal and external experiences, social workers and clients are better able to understand what is happening to them in both a psychological and sociological sense. With this understanding, people are better able to see the variety of ways in which they can respond. Habitual reactions are more easily avoided, and inner peace and balance are developed” (Hick 2009: 1. Despite this praise of mindfulness as an important source of inspiration and the expectation that its popularity might expand in the next century, it is argued in this essay by Raf Debaene that mindfulness, although possibly very useful in some settings, had very little to do with social work.

  11. Social support for schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanauskiene V.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Social exclusion is a wider concept than poverty and includes not only material conditions but also inability to participate in economic, social, political and cultural life. The essence of social exclusion is social relationships (more exactly breaking off relationships, which may mean not only pushing away some members of the society, but also breaking off relationships with the society from the side of a person himself/herself. The reasons of origin of social exclusion may be legal, political, economical, social and cultural. Nowadays social exclusion is predetermined by social-economic factors. According to Poviliūnas (2001, the problems of children’s social exclusion may be solved ensuring proper education, care of public health, safety and minimal life standard. Growing aggression and violence of schoolchildren and their social exclusion are nowadays an important issue of political debate and media reports. Often schoolchildren face the risk of social exclusion at school during the period of adolescence. The risk also depends on the social status of their family in the society and the relationship of the family members. The aim of the article is to identify characteristic features of schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion and analyze social support provided for them. A quantitative research was carried out to achieve the aim. The method of data collection is a questionnaire. 105 teachers working in 3 secondary schools in Lithuania participated in the research. The research results revealed that most often schoolchildren face the risk of social exclusion at school during adolescence period. They are characterized as incommunicative, unsociable, passive, and shy, do not trust others, are vulnerable, have learning problems and avoid collaborative activities. These schoolchildren usually come from families of social risk or single parent families. The support provided at school by teachers to schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion

  12. Studying Normal, Everyday Social Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daren C. Brabham

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Social media research has tended to focus on stand-out cases and has made use of big data methods to make claims about human experience and sociality. This commentary urges researchers to consider the everyday, normal experiences of most social media users, to consider the place of social media in a broader social context, and to consider marrying big data approaches with interviews and surveys of users.

  13. Antecedents of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hockerts, Kai

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a contribution towards Mair and Noboa ‘s (2006) model of the antecedents of social entrepreneurial intentions. The Mair/Noboa model builds on Krueger’s (1993) proposal of a theory of planned behavior for entrepreneurial intention formation by suggesting that social entrepreneurial i...... such as empathy, moral obligation, self-efficacy, and social support to the context of social entrepreneurship and thus provide the basis for future research into the effectiveness of social entrepreneurship research....

  14. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    Polyakova, E.

    2013-01-01

    In the article are considered essence of corporate social responsibility and terms necessary for realization of social activity management subjects. Hikes over are brought to realization of corporate social responsibility, meaningfulness of large and middle business is certain in becoming of social responsibility of enterprises. It is set that exactly midsize business must come forward as a main motor of economic development of Ukraine. Becoming features and modern state of corporate social r...

  15. Social Farming Rural Development Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gheorghe ZUGRAVU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper follows two main objectives: to understand farmers’ perception and image of social services and to identify communication levers in order to improve the perceived image of social farming. Orientations in terms of communication are product-focused and aim at enhancing the reputation of social farming consequently with impact on rural development. This paper conducted a questionnaire survey of Romanian farmers’ perception toward social agricultural. The empirical study indicated that farmers shown different awareness to social farming.

  16. The Analysis of Social Networks

    OpenAIRE

    O’Malley, A James; Marsden, Peter V.

    2008-01-01

    Many questions about the social organization of medicine and health services involve interdependencies among social actors that may be depicted by networks of relationships. Social network studies have been pursued for some time in social science disciplines, where numerous descriptive methods for analyzing them have been proposed. More recently, interest in the analysis of social network data has grown among statisticians, who have developed more elaborate models and methods for fitting them...

  17. Social entrepreneurship and economy organisations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda

    development and local participation in welfare production this presentation draws upon a number of case studies on young social economy organizations. These organizations seek to gain ground as social enterprises delivering social services in partnerships with the civic society and sometimes also a number...... that the phenomenon of social entrepreneurship and social economy organizations is a contested concept that caters to different strategies for welfare, democracy, learning and advocacy....

  18. The regulation of social recognition, social communication and aggression: vasopressin in the social behavior neural network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albers, H Elliott

    2012-03-01

    Neuropeptides in the arginine vasotocin/arginine vasopressin (AVT/AVP) family play a major role in the regulation of social behavior by their actions in the brain. In mammals, AVP is found within a circuit of recriprocally connected limbic structures that form the social behavior neural network. This review examines the role played by AVP within this network in controlling social processes that are critical for the formation and maintenance of social relationships: social recognition, social communication and aggression. Studies in a number of mammalian species indicate that AVP and AVP V1a receptors are ideally suited to regulate the expression of social processes because of their plasticity in response to factors that influence social behavior. The pattern of AVP innervation and V1a receptors across the social behavior neural network may determine the potential range and intensity of social responses that individuals display in different social situations. Although fundamental information on how social behavior is wired in the brain is still lacking, it is clear that different social behaviors can be influenced by the actions of AVP in the same region of the network and that AVP can act within multiple regions of this network to regulate the expression of individual social behaviors. The existing data suggest that AVP can influence social behavior by modulating the interpretation of sensory information, by influencing decision making and by triggering complex motor outputs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Social Behavior.

  19. Human Behavior, Social Environment, Social Reconstruction, and Social Policy: A System of Linkages, Goals, and Priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Brij

    1980-01-01

    The idea of a wholesome relationship between human behavior and the forces of social environment is explored. The goals and foci of the human behavior and social environment component in social work education are reconceptualized in the light of knowledge that underscores the need for social reconstruction. (Author/MLW)

  20. Exploring the Roles of Social Participation in Mobile Social Media Learning: A Social Network Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Helmi; Nordin, Norazah; Din, Rosseni; Ally, Mohamad; Dogan, Huseyin

    2015-01-01

    Social media is increasingly becoming an essential platform for social connectivity in our daily lives. The availability of mobile technology has further fueled its importance -- making it a ubiquitous tool for social interaction. However, limited studies have been conducted to investigate roles of social participation in this field. Thus, the…

  1. Social Innovation Policies with the Involvement of Social Economy Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bassi, Andrea; Ecchia, Giulio; Guerra, Alice

    In this paper, we investigate significant social innovation policies (related to the concept of social investment) involving the role of Social Economy organizations, and we discuss some relevant national and regional social innovation experiences by relying upon the current national...... and international literature, reports and website information. During the 1990s and the first half of the 2000s, the concept of “social economy” has evolved from one where the emphasis was on the social (social outcomes and collective action) to a neo-liberal one with more emphasis on the economic and individual...... actors (social entrepreneurs). Nowadays we are facing a transition period nevertheless in the recent developments of the policy orientation at European level, there are some slight but significant clues of a move back towards a more ‘social’ concept. We will assume as operating definition of Social...

  2. Hacia el urbanismo social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuiza Martínez-Rivera

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article will briefly expose the history of Urbanism: its beginning, the utopian proposals of Ebenezer Howard and Antonio Sant'Elia, the results of the meeting of the CIAM (International Congress of Modern Architec-ture and post-modern proposals of urban activism. Taking into conside-ration the historical account presented, in which the participation of ci-tizens is non-existent during political deliberative processes and urban planning, a new proposal for urban discipline is presented: Social Urba-nism. As examples the Social Urbanism model for the Colombian city of Medellin, the deliberative budget and the citizen participation in Porto Alegre, and the National Movement for Urban Reform in Brazil are pre-sented. To contrast and illustrate the opposite situation, two current examples of Puerto Rico will be used. Social Urbanism is presented as a democratic and participatory mechanism for the process of decision-making on the city and its inhabitants.

  3. Whither social theory?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of Educational Studies in Mathematics offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from...... the six papers. We will try to synthetize what we think are the benchmarks of the social approach to mathematics education that they propose. We will also take a critical stance and indicate some possible extensions of the use of social theory that are not addressed in this special issue but nonetheless...... from a “socio-cultural” approach to learning and rather deploy sociological theories in the analysis of mathematics education practices. In this commentary paper, we will point to what we see to be the contributions of these papers to the field. We will do so by highlighting issues that run through...

  4. Det sociales substratum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrade, Stefan Bastholm; Liebst, Lasse Suonperä

    På trods af at sociologer næppe vil benægte Émilie Durkheims status som én af sociologiens grundlæggere, synes den moderne sociologi at have glemt det ene af de to subdiscipliners ben, som hans generelle sociologi skulle stå på: Mens alle kender det ene ben, måske ikke af navn – den sociale...... fysiologi – så i al fald af indhold (sociologi om religion, moral, etc.), så har snart sagt alle glemt det andet bens – den sociale morfologis – navn og indhold. Det er artiklens ærinde at genaktualisere dette bens subdisciplinære studie af samfundets materielle grundlag – det kollektive livs substratum......: Dette vil dels ske med en diskussion af den sociale morfologis relevans for en nutidig relationel sociologi og dels med en diskussion af, hvordan begrebets latente dialektik kan ekspliciteres og videreudvikles frugtbart teoretisk og empirisk....

  5. Social Media and Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper; Paulsen, Michael

    New research in the Danish upper secondary schools shows that social media like Facebook is the number one attention diverts from the interaction about educational subjects in the classroom. At the same time international research shows that there is a great potential in using social media....... The overriding purpose of the paper is to provide a research-based input to the discussion about the role of social media in schools....... the past seven years (Paulsen & Tække 2009, 2010; Tække & Paulsen 2010). To find out if and how the gap can be reduced, we have initiated the action research project The Socio Media Education Experiment, and in the paper we explain both the background for the project and its preliminary results...

  6. Quantum social networks

    CERN Document Server

    Cabello, Adan; Lopez-Tarrida, Antonio J; Portillo, Jose R

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a physical approach to social networks (SNs) in which each actor is characterized by a yes-no test on a physical system. This is used to measure whether the interactions originating a SN obey pre-existing properties, as in a classical social network (CSN). As an example of SNs beyond CSNs, we introduce quantum social networks (QSNs) as those in which actor $i$ is characterized by a test of whether or not the system is in a quantum state $|\\psi_i>$. We show that QSNs outperform CSNs for a certain task and some graphs. We identify the simplest of these graphs and show that graphs in which QSNs outperform CSNs are increasingly frequent as the number of vertices increases. We also discuss more general SNs and identify the simplest graphs in which QSNs cannot be outperformed.

  7. Quantum Social Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

  8. Measuring social value orientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan O. Murphy

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Narrow self-interest is often used as a simplifying assumption when studying people making decisions in social contexts. Nonetheless, people exhibit a wide range of different motivations when choosing unilaterally among interdependent outcomes. Measuring the magnitude of the concern people have for others, sometimes called Social Value Orientation (SVO, has been an interest of many social scientists for decades and several different measurement methods have been developed so far. Here we introduce a new measure of SVO that has several advantages over existent methods. A detailed description of the new measurement method is presented, along with norming data that provide evidence of its solid psychometric properties. We conclude with a brief discussion of the research streams that would benefit from a more sensitive and higher resolution measure of SVO, and extend an invitation to others to use this new measure which is freely available.

  9. Social innovation and sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ladislau Dowbor

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Technology is moving fast, but the corresponding forms of social management are not. The key issues are thus centered on the overall question of governance. We certainly have progress in corporate governance, but only in so far as profits are concerned. The result is that we have efficient corporations (outputs with an overall negative result (outcomes in terms of climate change, loss of natural resources and unemployment. The exclusion of a vast majority of the population from modern production systems contributes to the growth of income inequality. With global political tension, particularly in Latin America. The synergy of the environmental problems and social dramas is also presented. The second part of the paper studies the loss of systemic productivity in the use of labor, credit, social policies and technology management. The main suggested alternatives are linked to improved accounting systems, more democratic governance both in the public and private spheres, as well as more dynamic participation of civil society organizations

  10. Embodiment in social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Brian P; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A

    2012-10-01

    Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are grounded in bodily interaction with the environment. We examine how embodiment is used in social psychology, and we explore the ways in which embodied approaches enrich traditional theories. Although research in this area is burgeoning, much of it has been more descriptive than explanatory. We provide a critical discussion of the trajectory of embodiment research in social psychology. We contend that future researchers should engage in a phenomenon-based approach, highlight the theoretical boundary conditions and mediators involved, explore novel action-relevant outcome measures, and address the role of individual differences broadly defined. Such research will likely provide a more explanatory account of the role of embodiment in general terms as well as how it expands the knowledge base in social psychology.

  11. Preferences over Social Risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten; Rutström, E. Elisabet;

    2013-01-01

    the methodological issues extend to larger groups that form endogenously (e.g., families, committees, communities). Preferences over social risk can be closely approximated by individual risk attitudes when subjects have no information about the risk preferences of other group members. We find no evidence......We elicit individual preferences over social risk. We identify the extent to which these preferences are correlated with preferences over individual risk and the well-being of others. We examine these preferences in the context of laboratory experiments over small, anonymous groups, although...... that subjects systematically reveal different risk attitudes in a social setting with no prior knowledge about the risk preferences of others compared to when they solely bear the consequences of the decision. However, we also find that subjects are significantly more risk averse when they know the risk...

  12. Science's social responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    2014-01-01

    What is science’s social responsibility? Is it like corporate responsibility an add-on to the main product: we produce knowledge and scientific solutions, but we also care for the environment, for sustainability, for fair-trade and so on? Or doesn’t social responsibility add to science at all...... like Science in the City in which the science institutions communicate and discuss science with interested citizens. It can be done in relation to strategic plans: solving medical, environmental, socio-political problems for which the state or commercial actors provide funding. But it can also be what...... solving problems and thus creating a base for science in its strategic mode, in its interplay-with-society mode. So science’s social responsibility may utter itself in various ways but I think it is fair to say that it is all about responsibility for taking part in making society move forward...

  13. Evolution of individual versus social learning on social networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Kohei; Kobayashi, Yutaka; Ihara, Yasuo

    2015-03-06

    A number of studies have investigated the roles played by individual and social learning in cultural phenomena and the relative advantages of the two learning strategies in variable environments. Because social learning involves the acquisition of behaviours from others, its utility depends on the availability of 'cultural models' exhibiting adaptive behaviours. This indicates that social networks play an essential role in the evolution of learning. However, possible effects of social structure on the evolution of learning have not been fully explored. Here, we develop a mathematical model to explore the evolutionary dynamics of learning strategies on social networks. We first derive the condition under which social learners (SLs) are selectively favoured over individual learners in a broad range of social network. We then obtain an analytical approximation of the long-term average frequency of SLs in homogeneous networks, from which we specify the condition, in terms of three relatedness measures, for social structure to facilitate the long-term evolution of social learning. Finally, we evaluate our approximation by Monte Carlo simulations in complete graphs, regular random graphs and scale-free networks. We formally show that whether social structure favours the evolution of social learning is determined by the relative magnitudes of two effects of social structure: localization in competition, by which competition between learning strategies is evaded, and localization in cultural transmission, which slows down the spread of adaptive traits. In addition, our estimates of the relatedness measures suggest that social structure disfavours the evolution of social learning when selection is weak.

  14. Diccionario de Trabajo Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Vásquez Aguado

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La realización de un diccionario de Trabajo Social, como el que reseñamos aquí, constituye un esfuerzo intelectual de primera magnitud en el que un número importante de académicos y profesionales vinculados a la disciplina participan con el objetivo de contribuir, decididamente, a la consolidación de una terminología en torno a los conceptos claves, las teorías, los modelos, los referentes históricos fundamentales, que han configurado y definen al Trabajo Social como profesión y disciplina.

  15. Studying Social Movements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldam, Julie; McCurdy, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The research method of participant observation has long been used by scholars interested in the motivations, dynamics, tactics and strategies of social movements from a movement perspective. Despite participant observation being a common research method, there have been very few efforts to bring...... and then draws specific links to how the method has been used in the study of activism and social movements. In doing so, this article brings together key academic debates on participant observation, which have been considered separately, such as insider/outsider and overt/covert, but not previously been brought...

  16. Governing Social Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallinikos, Jannis; Hasselbladh, Hans; Marton, Attila

    2013-01-01

    the human-technology interface. Such couplings entail multiple, unobtrusive, back-staged links that evade human interpretation yet are critically involved in the reproduction and control of social relations. Cast in this light, technologies emerge as complex rationalized embodiments for structuring social...... relationships and, in this quality, complement and occasionally compete with institutional modes of governance. We explore these ideas in the empirical context of cultural memory organizations (e.g., libraries, archives, museums). As the outcome of the technological developments that have marked the field over...

  17. Innovation as Social Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sproedt, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    relational view on knowledge and knowing (Cook and Brown 1999; Carlile, 2004). I argue, that we do not understand, and consequently cannot support the complex social process of innovating with others across boundaries, if we only apply a hierarchical, divisional, system approach to knowledge. In order...... to meaningfully transform knowledge across boundaries we cannot separate it from knowing and context. We need to adopt a multi-level relational-practice view of knowledge and knowing, embracing the complex dynamic interplay between knowledge and knowing on different levels of the social: relating individuals...

  18. Scanning the social brain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Koed

    leaders across the areas o f public governance, advertizing, military intelligence, str ategic foresight and the social sciences. The theoretical framework of the paper is grounded in Social Construction of Technology, Acto rNetwork Theory and Software Studies in order to focus analy tical attention...... on technological and discursive elements that are playing an influential role in the ́productionchai n ́ behind these new tools. Looking for similar elements across diff erent industries allows for identifying ́core elements ́ t hat are inevitably salient when constructing visualizations . Similarities in the way...

  19. Social Data Analysis Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Abid; Vatrapu, Ravi; Hardt, Daniel;

    2014-01-01

    As governments, citizens and organizations have moved online there is an increasing need for academic enquiry to adapt to this new context for communication and political action. This adaptation is crucially dependent on researchers being equipped with the necessary methodological tools to extrac...... and analyze web data in the process of investigating substantive questions......., analyze and visualize patterns of web activity. This volume profiles the latest techniques being employed by social scientists to collect and interpret data from some of the most popular social media applications, the political parties' own online activist spaces, and the wider system of hyperlinks...

  20. Social Identity and Preferences*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

    2009-01-01

    Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices. PMID:20871741

  1. Gender and Social Remittances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie Carøe

    the extent to which migrant experiences generally constitute a source of inspiration for imagining and working for transformations in gender ideologies and practices in the current life in Yemen of these return migrants. According to Levitt (2001) such inspiration will on certain conditions work as social...... is on the surprise of finding, upon return, that social norms had changed in Yemen, in terms of a more restrictive approach to practices defined by gender. The return migrants all came to Yemen when they were still in their youth and they have had to accommodate to new gender norms upon their return in spite...

  2. Complementary Social Science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Pedersen, Morten Axel

    2014-01-01

    to continually record the digital traces of social relations among an entire freshman class of students (N > 1000). At the same time, fieldwork is carried out on friendship (and other) relations amongst the same group of students. On this basis, the question we pose is the following: what kind of knowledge...... of measurement device deployed. At the same time, however, we also expect new interferences and polyphonies to arise at the intersection of Big and Small Data, provided that these are, so to speak, mixed with care. These questions, we stress, are important not only for the future of social science methods...

  3. Responsabilidad social y Salud

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Darío Bergel

    2007-01-01

    El presente texto se centra en el artículo 14 de la "Declaración Universal sobre Bioética y Derechos Humanos" de la UNESCO del 19-10-05, que incluye entre los principios de la bioética al de la "Responsabilidad Social y Salud", lo que a mi juicio importa un significativo avance tendiente a ampliar el campo asignado a la disciplina, con el tratamiento de temas sociales y económicos vinculados directa o indirectamente con la salud.

  4. Social innovation og aktionsforskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John; Bilfeldt, Annette

    2014-01-01

    Formålet med dette kapitel er at vise, hvordan aktionsforskning kan bidrage til social innovation og empowerment i velfærds- og kulturinstitutioner (plejehjem og biblioteker) på en måde, der fremmer marginaliserede medborgere og lokalområders magtposition og skaber muligheder for positiv forandring....... Kapitlet præsenterer først mere overordnet de kritiske begreber om empowerment, aktionsforskning og social innovation og disse tilganges rødder i kritisk teori. Efterfølgende gennemgås to forskellige metodiske varianter af aktionsforskning i to forskellige kontekster....

  5. Hypertextuality and Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albu, Oana Brindusa; Etter, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Texts and conversations are central to the constitution of organizations. Through the use of social media technologies, organizational members and nonorganizational members alike have the capacity to author organizational texts that co-constitute an organization as an entity with a specific...... identity in a situational space and time. The implications of this ability are underexplored. This study focused on how two organizations used the social media technology Twitter to interact with their constituents. The article adopts communication-centered and sociomateriality perspectives to illustrate...

  6. Ethics and social media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milton, Constance L

    2014-10-01

    Nurses' use of social media has increased significantly with growing numbers of media-sharing opportunities, platforms, and emerging forms of electronic applications. With the proliferation, opportunities and limitations surface regarding the responsibilities and accountability that nurses have in choosing technology applications with an embedded philosophical ethos that is consistent with the discipline's societal mandate of serving humankind in ways that honor human dignity. This article begins a discussion addressing possible disciplinary obligations and responsibilities for the implementation of social media platforms and possible implications for its future use in the discipline of nursing.

  7. Is social cognition embodied?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Alvin; de Vignemont, Frederique

    2009-04-01

    Theories of embodied cognition abound in the literature, but it is often unclear how to understand them. We offer several interpretations of embodiment, the most interesting being the thesis that mental representations in bodily formats (B-formats) have an important role in cognition. Potential B-formats include motoric, somatosensory, affective and interoceptive formats. The literature on mirroring and related phenomena provides support for a limited-scope version of embodied social cognition under the B-format interpretation. It is questionable, however, whether such a thesis can be extended. We show the limits of embodiment in social cognition.

  8. Social Welfare in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutten, Koen

    of China’s economic growth, the long and midterm sustainability of its economic development model and the implications thereof for social stability and political legitimacy. An immediate priority has been to formulate and implement a response to mitigate the disruptive effects of the transition to a market...... to meet China’s social challenges. In this paper, I provide a summary of the academic literature on post-reform development of the welfare system. I will give an overview of its most salient problems, initiatives and their preliminary outcomes. Finally, I will present some concluding remarks and provide...

  9. Responsabilidad social y Salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Darío Bergel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto se centra en el artículo 14 de la "Declaración Universal sobre Bioética y Derechos Humanos" de la UNESCO del 19-10-05, que incluye entre los principios de la bioética al de la "Responsabilidad Social y Salud", lo que a mi juicio importa un significativo avance tendiente a ampliar el campo asignado a la disciplina, con el tratamiento de temas sociales y económicos vinculados directa o indirectamente con la salud.

  10. Social Media and Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Jaffrey, Jarrar

    2011-01-01

    During different time era’s different methods of communications has developed and changed the everyday life. Social media has become the way of communication in the 21st-century, enabling us to express our thoughts, ideas and feelings in a complete new way. This way of communication have also had a huge impact on corporations, where they have realized that without a proper plan and social media strategy they have no chance to stand out in the rapidly changing digital space. To ensure a succes...

  11. Contrato social e (Desigualdade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemerson Luiz Pase

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the social contract through a theoretical perspective that reveals the limits of the category of equality to guide the action the contemporary state. The company is uneven and, if you want to overcome this condition, you need to sue the state treats the different uneven, namely, public policies need to be targeted with a view to enabling those social segments historically positioned precariously, acquiring conditions, become equal, For being able to contest the general policies. Democratic participation, materialized through mechanisms such as participatory budgeting, has conditions to create a public space for debate and influence the state to act unequally in favor of the most disadvantaged.

  12. Social Synergetics, Social Physics and Research of Fundamental Laws in Social Complex Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, Yi-Fang

    2009-01-01

    We proposed social synergetics and the four basic theorems, in which theorem of perfect correlation on humanity is researched mathematically. Generally, we discuss the four variables and the eight aspects in social physics. We search social thermodynamics and the five fundamental laws of social complex systems. Then we research different relations among social elements and applications of the nonlinear sociology, for example, for the economic systems. Finally, we discuss the evolutional equation of system and the educational equation.

  13. Gender Socialization and Identity Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Carter

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Gender socialization is examined through a social psychological lens by applying identity theory and identity control theory. Current research from the fields of family and sociological social psychology are surveyed to provide a better conception of how the family operates as agents of socialization, and how identities that are cultivated and fostered in youth provide meaning throughout the life course and maintain the social order. The application of identity theory shows how gender is a diffuse status characteristic, which is salient in person, role, and social (group identities, and also across social situations. Identity control theory is applied to show how emotions operate within an internal control system to stabilize gendered identities and perpetuate the social structure. Both theories are specifically applied to understand socialization dynamics that exist for children and families.

  14. Social Entrepreneurship: Definition and Boundaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samer Abu-Saifan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available While individuals may be publicly recognized as social entrepreneurs for their contributions to improve the welfare of communities, the field of social entrepreneurship continues to struggle to gain academic legitimacy. Social entrepreneurship is a term in search of a good definition. The current use of the term seems vague and limitless; it needs boundaries to demarcate its function. The lack of a common definition hinders research and raises questions about which social or profit-making activities fall within the spectrum of social entrepreneurship. To become an important stream in the entrepreneurship literature, social entrepreneurship needs to be properly defined and it requires a theoretical framework that links it to the theory of entrepreneurship. This article builds on the literature to define social entrepreneurship, discusses the boundaries of socially-oriented entrepreneurial activities, and positions the social entrepreneur in the spectrum of entrepreneurship.

  15. Organizational networks and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents a framework for understanding organizational networks and social capital through the lens of “social capital ownership” as well as the private and collective goods provided through this ownership. More specifically, it argues that ownership of social capital in organizations...... is closely connected to four types of social capital – two belonging to the bridging social capital type, and two belonging to the bonding social capital type. The chapter first reviews literature on organizational social capital and then directly focuses on ownership of social capital in organizations......, as well as the derived benefits, or losses. Next, the chapter presents an empirical case apt to illustrate the theoretical findings in part one, namely the nineteenth-century Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement (Svendsen and Svendsen 2004). It is demonstrated how social capital among Danish peasants...

  16. Psychobiology of social support: the social dimension of stress buffering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditzen, Beate; Heinrichs, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Social integration and social support have a substantial influence on individual health and longevity, an effect assumed to be mediated through reduced stress reactivity in support recipients. However, considerable variability in individual responses to social support has been documented, suggesting that the beneficial effect of social support interacts with early experiences, genetically influenced differences in biological systems mediating social behavior, personality traits, and psychopathology. Here we outline the historical background of social support research, including epidemiological studies, laboratory studies, and field studies on the subject of social support and health, with regard to different psychobiological effector systems. Most recent research has focused on brain mechanisms which link social integration or social support with reduced neural threat responses. As numerous mental disorders are associated with considerable social impairment, understanding the potentially underlying mechanisms of neural plasticity in relation to social support, stress buffering and health in these disorders can help tailor new diagnostic and treatment strategies. Thus, theories of socially-driven emotional learning and memory, as presented in this review, might eventually lead to psychobiology-based treatment concepts for mental disorders involving social deficits.

  17. [Human social activity under conditions of relative social isolation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhvatilov, A Iu

    1992-01-01

    The differences in using a "social isolation" concept in the psychological literature are presented. The term of "relative social isolation" is clarified. A relationship between human adaptation to the relative social isolation environments and the development of his social qualities and social activities is presented. The "social context", dictating motivation attitudes of a man to the isolation situation, emotional experiences, self-appraisal of activity is of crucial importance for evaluating the real environments of relative social isolations. Social activity of a personality is studied as the relations of a man with the conditions of his activity. The results of studying the dynamics of the psychic state of a man during individual and group isolation are compared. It is concluded that social activity of man and his functional state are interrelated. The particular manifestations and direction of the changes in the social activity of the subject depend on the duration of isolation and are determined first of all by social significance and meaningful and balanced work for a person as well as by the amount and frequency of direct and mediated social contacts under specific conditions of relative social isolation.

  18. Loneliness, Social Networks, and Social Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebke, Lisa; Bungert, Melanie; Thome, Janine; Hauschild, Sophie; Gescher, Dorothee Maria; Schmahl, Christian; Bohus, Martin; Lis, Stefanie

    2016-08-08

    Persistent loneliness is often reported by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, empirical studies investigating this aspect of BPD psychopathology are sparse. Studies from social psychology revealed that social isolation and low social functioning contribute to loneliness, that is, the subjective feeling of being alone. The aim of the present study was to contribute to the understanding of loneliness in BPD by investigating its relation to social isolation and functioning in different domains of life. Subjective experience of loneliness was measured in 80 women (40 BPD patients, 40 healthy controls) with the UCLA Loneliness Scale. Social isolation and social functioning were assessed with the Social Network Inventory and the Social Functioning Scale. In addition, we assessed global functioning with the Global Assessment of Functioning. BPD patients reported stronger feelings of loneliness compared to healthy participants. In general, the level of loneliness was linked to network size, social engagement, and prosocial behavior. Diversity of social networks and functioning in the domain of interpersonal communication were associated with the level of loneliness only in BPD. A reduced variety of roles in social life together with impairments in interpersonal communication were particularly relevant for the experience of loneliness in BPD, suggesting an indirect path to target this psychopathological feature in therapeutic interventions. However, both social isolation and social functioning were not sufficient to explain the severely increased loneliness experienced by these patients, stressing the need for further investigation of determinants of loneliness in this clinical population. (PsycINFO Database Record

  19. Social Life of Values

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.J. Magala (Slawomir)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractThe case of the Danish “cartoon war” was a premonition of things to come: accelerated social construction of inequalities and their accelerated symbolic communication, translation and negotiation. New uses of values in organizing and managing inequalities emerge. Values lead active socia

  20. Social loafing under fatigue

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeksema-van Orden, C.Y.D.; Gaillard, A.W K; Buunk, Abraham (Bram)

    1998-01-01

    In 2 experiments, 64 male students worked almost continuously for 20 hr without sleep under varying social conditions. In Experiment 1, participants worked either individually or as a group. As hypothesized, performance deteriorated over time, especially in the group condition, which allowed partici

  1. Cooperative social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Acera Manero

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Social capital consists of the contributions of members and associates, both mandatory and voluntary. From an accounting point of view, it is a liability figure that expresses the value of a portion of the equity of the cooperative. Its inclusion in the liability is not the fact that it is a debt but by its nature unenforceable.

  2. Self Assessment for Socializing

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Betty

    2011-01-01

    Socializing is an integral part of human relations and auger well for the human development. Defined as "the involvement of students in identifying standards and/or criteria to apply to their work and making judgments about the extent to which they have met these criteria and standards", self assessment by its nature teaches students how to…

  3. Foraging Online Social Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koot, G.; Huis in ’t Veld, M.A.A.; Hendricksen, J.; Vries, A. de; Broek, E.L. van den

    2014-01-01

    A concise and practical introduction is given on Online Social Networks (OSN) and their application in law enforcement, including a brief survey of related work. Subsequently, a tool is introduced that can be used to search OSN in order to generate user profiles. Both its architecture and processing

  4. A Forgotten Social Science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martin-Nielsen, Janet

    2011-01-01

    The post–World War II era was one of great triumph for American linguists—and yet linguistics is all but absent from the historical literature on postwar social science. This paper aims to illuminate this curious situation: to understand its provenance, evaluate its merits, and contextualize...

  5. Language and Social Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A person' s language and social identity are in fact an inseparable entity. When I was in Australia, as I can recall, my neighbour practised his speaking every morning, making it both pleasant and a privilege to hear, for the purpose of getting into parliament.

  6. Somatosensation in social perception

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keysers, Christian; Kaas, Jon H.; Gazzola, Valeria

    2010-01-01

    The discovery of mirror neurons in motor areas of the brain has led many to assume that our ability to understand other people's behaviour partially relies on vicarious activations of motor cortices. This Review focuses the limelight of social neuroscience on a different set of brain regions: the so

  7. Ombuds' Corner: Social exclusion

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN bulletin

    2012-01-01

    In this special video edition of the Ombuds' Corner, Ombudsman Vincent Vuillemin takes a look at a social exclusion at CERN. Please note that the characters and situations appearing in this work are fictitious, and any resemblance to real persons or events is purely coincidental.

  8. Ombuds' Corner: Social exclusion

    CERN Document Server

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    In this special video edition of the Ombuds' Corner, Vincent Vuillemin takes a look at a social exclusion at CERN. Please note that the characters and situations appearing in this work are fictitious, and any resemblance to real persons or events is purely coincidental.   Contact the Ombuds Early!

  9. Testing as social practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kousholt, Kristine

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the author challenges the implicit assumptions of tests as a neutral tool for measuring the individual’s learning achievement. Instead, testing is explored as a social practice which becomes part of children’s conduct of everyday life. The theoretical foundation for the analysis ...

  10. Embodiment and social cognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niedenthal, P.M.; Eelen, J.; Maringer, M.; Decety, J.; Cacioppo, J.T.

    2011-01-01

    This chapter briefly reviews models of the conceptual system on which most research in social cognition research was based until very recently. It then outlines the principles of another account, which is the theory of embodied or grounded cognition. Relevant research findings are presented to demon

  11. On Representative Social Capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bellemare, C.; Kroger, S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes data for a random sample drawn from the Dutch population who reveal their propensity to invest and reward investments in building up social capital by means of an economic experiment.We find substantial heterogeneity and asymmetries in the propensity to invest and in the propensi

  12. Fitomejoramiento y racionalidad social

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez Flores, A.; Ruivenkamp, G.T.P.; Jongerden, J.P.

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo argumenta que los resultados no intencionales de la generación
    de un cultivar de lupino (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet) se forjaron en el mismo momento en que se concibió y organizó el proyecto de fitomejoramiento. Más específicamente la racionalidad social, inmersa en los programas de c

  13. Social safety unlocked

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lonneke van Noije; Karin Wittebrood

    2008-01-01

    Original title: Sociale veiligheid ontsleuteld. The Dutch government employs a range of measures aimed at achieving a safer society, varying from more police on the streets, CCTV surveillance and modified street lighting to providing support for at-risk young people and imposing heavier sanctions.

  14. SURVEY ON SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, H. Thomas R.; Rakar, Fredrik

    2017-01-01

    This report is based on a survey sent to 150 representatives of social enterprises in Sweden, out of which 47 responded. Despite not being statistically representative due to the low response rate and the fact that Sweden lacks reliable data on the number of Swedish enterprises, according to the ...

  15. Socially responsible firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferrell, A.; Liang, Hao; Renneboog, Luc

    2016-01-01

    In the corporate finance tradition, starting with Berle and Means (1932), corporations should generally be run to maximize shareholder value. The agency view of corporate social responsibility (CSR) considers CSR an agency problem and a waste of corporate resources. Given our identification strategy

  16. Gaming & Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wichmand, Mette

    Dette paper prœsenterer en rœkke ny computerspil, som har det fœllesmål at skabe borgerdreven social innovation. Indledningsvist vil paperet skitsere den udvikling, der har fundetsted i spilindustrien, som har muliggjort udviklingen af disse spil samt redegøre for hvorfor disse spil bør tages ser...

  17. Navigating Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamblin, DeAnna; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

    2013-01-01

    The authors note that when it comes to balancing free speech and schools' responsibilities, the online world is largely uncharted waters. Questions remain about the rights of both students and teachers in the world of social media. Although the lower courts have ruled that students' freedom of speech rights offer them some protection for…

  18. Social and environmental tensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saito, Moeko; Rutt, Rebecca Leigh; Chhetri, Bir Bahadur Khanal

    2014-01-01

    them, receive payments not only to address inequities but also for resource conservation. Drawing on a case study of a NORAD pilot project in Nepal, this paper investigates how affirmative measures adopted under the project affect different social actors and their perceptions and behaviors in relation...... monitoring of impacts and modifications of the measures if adverse effects are detected....

  19. Social Yes; Contract No

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hardin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Social contract theory is incoherent and it does not work as desired. Among the most obvious disanalogies is that contracts are enforced by a third party, commonly the state. There is no such external enforcer for a constitution. Contractarian theorists typically ignore all such issues and use the metaphor of contract very loosely to ground a claim that citizens are morally obligated to defer to government by their consent, as the parties to a standard legal contract would be legally obligated. David Hume's term is acquiescence. He compellingly argues that actual citizens do not believe their own legal or political obligations depend on their having agreed to their social order. More often than not our interests are simply better served by acquiescing in the rules of that constitution than by attempting to change it. The forms of commitment that are important for constitutional and even for much of conventional social choice are those that derive from the difficulties of collective action to re-coordinate on new rules. They are inherent in the social structure of the conventions themselves, a structure that often more or less automatically exacts costs from anyone who runs against the conventions without anyone or any institution having to take action against the rule breaker. Establishing a constitution is itself a massive act of coordination that, if it is stable for a while, spawns conventions that depend for their maintenance on their self-generating incentives and expectations and that block alternatives.

  20. Mozambique social protection assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Silverio Marques, Jose

    2012-01-01

    This assessment shows that Mozambique social protection system is developing. While programs to address most of the risks identified exist, there are still major gaps. Poor families with children are not adequately supported, there is no significant youth program, and subsistence farmers and other workers are not properly protected against recurrent shocks. The government spends a consider...