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S.M. Zakiur Rahman
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Genetic variation is a key component for improving a stock through selective breeding programs. Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD markers were used to assess genetic variation in three wild population of the catla carp (Catla catla Hamilton 1822 in the Halda, Jamuna and Padma rivers and one hatchery population in Bangladesh. Five decamer random primers were used to amplify RAPD markers from 30 fish from each population. Thirty of the 55 scorable bands were polymorphic, indicating some degree of genetic variation in all the populations. The proportion of polymorphic loci and gene diversity values reflected a relatively higher level of genetic variation in the Halda population. Sixteen of the 30 polymorphic loci showed a significant (p < 0.05, p < 0.01, p < 0.001 departure from homogeneity and the F ST values in the different populations indicated some degree of genetic differentiation in the population pairs. Estimated genetic distances between populations were directly correlated with geographical distances. The unweighted pair group method with averages (UPGMA dendrogram showed two clusters, the Halda population forming one cluster and the other populations the second cluster. Genetic variation of C. catla is a useful trait for developing a good management strategy for maintaining genetic quality of the species.
Sangma, Timothy; Kamilya, Dibyendu
2015-12-01
Effects of dietary administration of Bacillus subtilis FPTB13 and chitin, single or combined, on the systemic immunity, mucosal immunity and resistance of catla (Catla catla) against Edwardsiella tarda infection were investigated. The probiotic attributes of B. subtilis was tested by conducting antagonism study, safety in catla, in vitro immunomodulation and dietary immunomodulation. Results of these studies indicated the probiotic potential of the strain. From the preliminary dietary immunomodulation study, a dose of 10(9) B. subtilis cells g(-1) was selected for inclusion into diets for subsequent experiments. Experimental diets were prepared by adding B. subtilis (10(9) cells g(-1)), chitin (2%) and their combination to the basal diet. Different systemic and mucosal immunological parameters viz. oxygen radical production, myeloperoxidase content, lysozyme activity, total protein content and alkaline phosphatase activity showed significant enhancement (p<0.05) after 2 weeks of feeding with the combined diet. B. subtilis and chitin alone also significantly elevated most of the immune responses. All the diets significantly increased the resistance of catla against E. tarda challenge. The highest post-challenge survival was observed in combined group (i.e. 63.33%). In conclusion, B. subtilis and chitin, alone or combined, had a health ameliorating effect in catla. The results also collectively suggest the usefulness of applying a combined probiotic and immunostimulant supplemented diet to achieve greater benefits.
Mushigeri, S B; Saha, S; Somashekar, B N; Nischal, K; Radhakrishna, P M
2008-01-01
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of halquinol, an antimicrobial used as a growth promotor in poultry, on the fresh water fish Catla catla in terms of growth promotion, protein profile, and physiology as the rate of oxygen consumption. A synergic increment in the free amino acid level and total protein concentration suggested enhanced anabolic metabolism resulting in weight gain. When compared with an untreated control group, fishes treated with 0.1% halquinol (T1) showed a higher weight gain than those treated with 0.2% halquinol (T2). Variations in the rate of oxygen consumption among the three groups (control, T1, T2) expressed the physiological response of the animals toward the chemical along the time factor. After 7 days of treatment, the absence of halquinol revealed by post-withdrawal residual HPLC studies suggests its biosafety.
Anbumani, S; Mohankumar, Mary N
2015-04-01
Cytogenotoxic effects in the form of micronuclei and deformed nucleus, nuclear buds, binucleated cells, vacuolated nucleus, vacuolated cytoplasm, echinocytes, and enucleus induced by two compounds belonging to two different chemical classes of agrochemicals (monocrotophos and butachlor) at sublethal concentrations (0.625, 1.3, and 2.3 ppm and 0.016, 0.032, and 0.064 ppm) in single and combined chronic exposures were studied under laboratory conditions for a period of 35 days in the economically important Indian fish Catla catla. Statistically significant duration-dependent increases in the frequencies of micronucleus (MN) and other cytological anomalies were observed. Compared to single exposures, a twofold increase in micronuclei frequency was noted at combined exposures indicating the synergistic phenomenon. Binucleated and enucleated cells appeared only in fishes exposed to sublethal concentrations of butachlor. The present study is the first of its kind in exploring a significant positive correlation between micronuclei and other nuclear anomalies suggesting them as new possible biomarkers of genotoxicity after agrochemical exposures. The study highlights the sensitivity of the assay in exploring various predictive biomarkers of genotoxic and cytotoxic events and also elicits the synergistic effects of agrochemicals in apparently healthy fishes. C. catla can be considered as a suitable aquatic biomonitoring sentinel species of contaminated water bodies.
Banerjee, Sayani; Patra, Avijit; Adikesavalu, Harresh; Joardar, Siddhartha Narayan; Abraham, Thangapalam Jawahar
2015-06-01
Myxosporean taxonomy which is traditionally based on the morphology of the myxospore stage, is in a state of flux given new insights provided by the expanding dataset of DNA sequences. To date, more than 40 species of Thelohanellus from India have been described according to morphometric characteristics. Nevertheless, molecular data on these histozoic myxosporean parasites of freshwater fish are scarce. In the present study, molecular characterizations of Thelohanellus qadrii infecting the secondary gill epithelium of Indian major carp Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) and its phylogenetic relationship is reported. The sub-adult cultured catla were observed to have low to moderate gill myxosporean infections. The morphometry of mature spores was in compliance with original descriptions of T. qadrii. Based on the analysis of 18S rRNA gene, phylogenetic clusters which were established according to a consensus sequence, illustrated the taxonomic placement of a series of myxobolids. The DNA sequence homogeneity of T. qadrii (KF170928) with other Thelohanllus spp. ranged from 78% to 95% and formed a dichotomy with cyprinid gill lamellae infecting T. toyamai (HQ338729). Distance matrix results indicated a high genetic diversity among myxosporeans. The present report is the first on the molecular and phylogenetic characterizations of T. qadrii.
Total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed Catla catla fish
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Hussain, Bilal
2010-03-01
Full Text Available This experimental work was aimed to study the moisture content, total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed freshwater major carp Catla catla of three different weight categories designated as W1 (601-900g, W2 (901- 1200g and W3 (1201-1500g. Seven fish specimens of each of the three weight categories of wild and farmed Catla catla were obtained from Trimu Head, Jhang and Fish Hatchery, Satiana Road and Faisalabad, respectively. The fish were dissected to remove the liver and after weighing, liver samples were prepared and subjected to chemical analysis. Wild Catla catla liver had a significantly (p Catla catla deposited significantly (p Catla catla. Saturated fatty acids C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:0 and C22:0 were identified with considerable percentages in the liver of Catla catla from both habitats and monounsaturated fatty acid C18:1 was found in considerable amounts in the liver of both major carp. Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as C18:3 (n-6 and C20: 2 (n-6 were detected in the liver of the wild fish of W2 and W3 and was similar in the W3 weight category of the farmed species.Este trabajo experimental tiene como objetivo estudiar el contenido de humedad, lípidos totales y perfil de ácidos grasos de hígado de carpa de agua dulce Catla catla de tres categorías con peso diferentes designadas como W1 (601- 900g, W2 (901-1200g and W3 (1201-1500g. Siete muestras de pescados por cada una de las tres categorías de peso para Catla catla salvajes y criados fueron obtenidos de Trimu Head, Jhang and Fish Hatchery, Satiana Road y Faisalabad, respectivamente. Los pescados fueron diseccionados para obtener el hígado y las muestras de hígado fueron preparadas y sujetas a análisis químico. Catla catla salvaje tuvo un contenido de humedad significativamente mayor (p Catla catla criadas se depositaron mayores contenidos de lípidos en el hígado. La proporción de ácidos grasos saturados vario irregularmente en los l
Total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed catla catla fish
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Hassan, M.; Shaihid chatha, S. A.; Tahira, I.; Hussain, B.
2010-07-01
This experimental work was aimed to study the moisture content, total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed freshwater major carp Catla catla of three different weight categories designated as W{sub 1} (601-900g), W{sub 2} (901- 1200)g and W{sub 3} (1201-1500g). Seven fish specimens of each of the three weight categories of wild and farmed Catla catla were obtained from Trimu Head, Jhang and Fish Hatchery, Satiana Road and Faisalabad, respectively. The fish were dissected to remove the liver and after weighing, liver samples were prepared and subjected to chemical analysis. Wild Catla catla liver had a significantly (p <0.05) higher moisture content as compared to the farmed species. Farmed Catla catla deposited significantly (p < 0.05) higher lipid contents in liver. Proportions of saturated fatty acids varied irregularly in the lipids of the liver from both wild and farmed Catla catla. Saturated fatty acids C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:0 and C22:0 were identified with considerable percentages in the liver of Catla catla from both habitats and monounsaturated fatty acid C18:1 was found in considerable amounts in the liver of both major carp. Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as C18:3 (n-6) and C20: 2 (n-6) were detected in the liver of the wild fish of W{sub 2} and W{sub 3} and was similar in the W{sub 3} weight category of the farmed species. (Author) 22 refs.
Gut melatonin response to microbial infection in carp Catla catla.
Pal, Palash Kumar; Hasan, Kazi Nurul; Maitra, Saumen Kumar
2016-04-01
The purpose of present study was to demonstrate the response of gut melatoninergic system to Aeromonas hydrophila infection for 3 or 6 days and search for its correlation with the activity of different antioxidative and digestive enzymes to focus their interplay under pathophysiological conditions in carp (Catla catla). Microscopic study of gut in infected fish revealed degenerative changes in the tunica mucosa and lamina propria layers with sloughed off epithelial cells in the lumen. The activity of each digestive enzyme was reduced, but the levels of melatonin, arylalkylamine-N-acetyl transferase protein, the key regulator of melatonin biosynthesis, and different enzymatic antioxidants in gut were gradually and significantly increased with the progress of infection. Gut melatonin concentrations in A. hydrophila challenged carp by showing a positive correlation with the activity of each antioxidative enzyme, and a negative correlation with different digestive enzymes argued in favor of their functional relation, at least, during pathological stress. Moreover, parallel changes in the gut and serum melatonin titers indicated possible contribution of gut to circulating melatonin. Collectively, present carp study provided the first data to suggest that endogenous gut melatonin may be implicated to the mechanism of response to microbial infections in any fish species.
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1Omprakash Darak
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In the present study a detailed analysis was carried out to evaluate the association of various bacterial pathogens with Catla catla from Marathwada region of Maharashtra. The freshwater fishes were collected from different water bodies and fish culturing centre of eight districts of Marathwada region viz. Aurangabad, Jalna, Parbhani, Nanded, Hingoli, Latur, Beed and Osmanabad. The analysis could yield thirteen pathogenic bacteria from the fish samples that included Micrococcus sp., Bacillus sp., Lactobacillus sp., Vibrio sp., Aeromonas sp., Streptococcussp., Flavobacterium sp., Vibrio sp., Proteus sp., Staphylococcus sp., Enterobacteria sp., E.coli , Pseudomonas sp. The bacterial strains were identified based on colony morphology, cell morphology and biochemical chemical characters. The dominant bacterial pathogen was Pseudomonas sp. The Pseudomonas sp associated with Catla catla could survive on host as well as in water. Pseudomonas fluorescens was very sensitive to Kanamycin, Nalidixic acid, Gentamicin and Neomycin, less sensitive to tetracycline, amikacin and Chlorophenicol and very less sensitive to Oxytetracycline, Erythromycin and Penicillin.
Acute Toxicity of Aluminium to the Fish (Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala
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Hamda Azmat*, Muhammad Javed and Ghazala Jabeen
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Acute toxicity tests (96-hr LC50 and lethal concentration of aluminium (Al were conducted with three fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala of 60, 120 and 240 days age groups at constant water temperature (30oC, pH (7.50 and total hardness (300 mg.L-1 in the wet laboratory. At termination of each trial, the fish were dissected and their organs viz. bones, gills, gut, intestine, kidney, liver, scales, skin, muscles and fats isolated for the determination of Al concentrations. At 60 days, all the three fish species showed significantly (P<0.05 higher sensitivity to Al while 240 days fish were significantly least sensitive. Among the three fish species, Catla catla were significantly (P<0.05 more sensitivity to Al with the mean 96-hr LC50 and lethal concentration of 81.68±28.54 and 129.81±30.95 mg.L-1, respectively. Fish organs showed significantly variable ability to concentrate metal during acute exposure of Al. However, liver and kidneys exhibited significantly higher potentials for metals accumulation. From the study it was concluded that all the three fish species responded differently towards Al toxicity.
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Kantha Deivi Arunachalam
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In the present study, the acute toxicity of Chromium in fingerlings of Catla catla, an Indian major carp, was evaluated with renewal bioassay method. In vivo studies were designed to assess the extent of Micronucleus Assay, Comet Assay under the exposure of common heavy-metal compounds, namely, Chromium Nitrate, using Catla catla (2n = 20, as a test model. The laboratory acclimatized fishes were divided into four groups. Group I served as positive control and the other three as exposed groups for three different time durations of 7, 14 and 21 days and were subjected to uninterrupted sub lethal concentrations (50% of 96 h LC50. The experiments were planned in such a way that fish from all the groups were sacrificed on the same day. The frequencies of micronuclei and bi-nuclei were evaluated comparatively in peripheral erythrocytes. As a result, it was observed that, the fishes and different tissues showed differential sensitivity to the heavy-metal treatment. A significant increase in the frequencies of micronucleated and binucleated cells and percentage increase in DNA tail (pCatla catla during sub lethal toxicity study was also calculated.
75 FR 17755 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel C-ATLAS
2010-04-07
... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel C-ATLAS AGENCY... Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel C-ATLAS as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c) and 33 CFR 81... Regulations, Parts 81 and 89, has been issued for the offshore supply vessel C-ATLAS. Full compliance with...
Assessment of pesticide residues in flesh of Catla catla from Ravi River, Pakistan.
Akhtar, Mobeen; Mahboob, Shahid; Sultana, Salma; Sultana, Tayyaba; Alghanim, Khalid Abdullah; Ahmed, Zubair
2014-01-01
The levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, carbofuran, and cartap which were estimated in the flesh of Catla catla sampled from ten sites of Ravi River between its stretches from Shahdara to Head Balloki were studied to know the level of contamination of the selected pesticides by GC-ECD method. All fish samples were found contaminated with different concentrations of DDT, DDE, endosulfan, and carbofuran; however, DDT and DDE concentrations were more than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) about food standards, while endosulfan sulfate and cartap were not detected. Pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh were ranged from 3.240 to 3.389 for DDT, 2.290 to 2.460 for DDE, 0.112 to 0.136 for endosulfan, and 0.260 to 0.370 μg g(-1) for carbofuran. The findings revealed that the pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh decreased in the order: DDT > DDE > carbofuran > endosulfan. After Degh fall and After Hudiara nulla fall river sampling sites were found severely contaminated. It is proposed that a constant monitoring programs are needed to be initiated to overcome the present alarming situation.
Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Flesh of Catla catla from Ravi River, Pakistan
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Mobeen Akhtar
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE, endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, carbofuran, and cartap which were estimated in the flesh of Catla catla sampled from ten sites of Ravi River between its stretches from Shahdara to Head Balloki were studied to know the level of contamination of the selected pesticides by GC-ECD method. All fish samples were found contaminated with different concentrations of DDT, DDE, endosulfan, and carbofuran; however, DDT and DDE concentrations were more than the maximum residue limits (MRLs about food standards, while endosulfan sulfate and cartap were not detected. Pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh were ranged from 3.240 to 3.389 for DDT, 2.290 to 2.460 for DDE, 0.112 to 0.136 for endosulfan, and 0.260 to 0.370 μg g−1 for carbofuran. The findings revealed that the pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh decreased in the order: DDT > DDE > carbofuran > endosulfan. After Degh fall and After Hudiara nulla fall river sampling sites were found severely contaminated. It is proposed that a constant monitoring programs are needed to be initiated to overcome the present alarming situation.
Gamma radiation induced micronuclei and erythrocyte cellular abnormalities in the fish Catla catla
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Anbumani, S. [Biodosimetry Laboratory, Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu 603102 (India); Mohankumar, Mary N., E-mail: marynmk@rediffmail.com [Biodosimetry Laboratory, Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu 603102 (India)
2012-10-15
Ionizing radiation induced DNA damage in fishes is a scarcely studied topic and very few studies are available in fishes exposed to ionizing radiation using the erythrocyte micronucleus assay under laboratory conditions. Since radionuclides released accidentally or during a nuclear disaster can contaminate inland water bodies, biomonitoring methods are required for assessing the impacts of high and low levels of radiation that may ultimately result in ionizing radiation exposure to both humans and non-human biota. Fresh water fish, Catla catla were subjected to protracted (0.002 Gy/min) and acute (3.2 Gy/min) gamma radiation to a total dose of 5 Gy. Peripheral blood samples were collected at different intervals (days 3, 6, 12, 18, 30, 45, 90, 135, 202) and analyzed by the erythrocyte micronucleus assay. Nuclear anomalies observed were micronuclei (MN), deformed nuclei (DN), nuclear bud (NBu), nuclear bridge (NBr), vacuolated nucleus (VN), binucleated cell (BNC), apoptotic cells (AC) while cytoplasmic abnormalities detected were vacuolated cytoplasm (VC), anisochromasia (AN), echinocytes (EC) and enucleus (EN). Both exposures caused a statistically significant increase in nuclear and cytoplasmic abnormalities that correlated with micronucleus and other nuclear anomalies. However, the extent of damage is higher after an acute exposure lasting for a longer period leading to apoptosis. Nuclear and cytoplasmic abnormalities are the resultants of gamma radiation induced genotoxicity and cytotoxicity.
Das, Anushree; Nakhro, Khriezhato; Chowdhury, Supratim; Kamilya, Dibyendu
2013-11-01
Effects of dietary administration of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FPTB16 on systemic and mucosal immunity and disease resistance of catla (Catla catla) against Edwardsiella tarda infection were evaluated in the present study. The laboratory maintained B. amyloliquefaciens was used to study antagonistic activity against fish pathogenic bacteria by agar well diffusion assay. Healthy catla were challenged by this bacterium for determination of its safety. For preparation of probiotic supplemented diet, the bacteria were added to the basal diet (control) at three different inclusion levels i.e., 1 × 10(9), 1 × 10(8) and 1 × 10(7) CFU/g diet. Fish (weight 25-30 g) were fed with these diets and various immune parameters and disease resistance study were conducted at 4 weeks and 8 weeks post-feeding. The bacterial antagonism study showed inhibition zone against E. tarda, Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. harveyi. B. amyloliquefaciens was harmless to catla as neither mortalities nor morbidities were observed after the challenge. Study of different systemic and mucosal immunological parameters viz. superoxide anion production and nitric oxide production, myeloperoxidase content, lysozyme activity and total protein content showed significant enhancement (p < 0.05) in fish fed with 10(8) and 10(9) CFU/g B. amyloliquefaciens at both time points with the highest values observed in case of 10(9) CFU/g. For fish fed with 10(7) CFU/g B. amyloliquefaciens, all the parameters showed significant enhancement (p < 0.05) at both time points except the lysozyme activity of serum at 8 weeks. Diet containing 10(8) and 10(9) CFU/g B. amyloliquefaciens significantly enhanced (p < 0.05) the resistance of catla against bacterial challenge at both time points. These results collectively suggest that B. amyloliquefaciens is a potential probiotic species and can be used in aquaculture to improve health status and disease resistance with an optimal dietary supplementation of 10
Sahoo, Tapasa Kumar; Jena, Prasant Kumar; Nagar, Nidhi; Patel, Amiya Kumar; Seshadri, Sriram
2015-06-01
We report the evaluation of probiotic properties of potent lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from the gut of freshwater fishes, Labeo rohita and Catla catla, for eventually developing probiotic strains for the prevention of bacterial infections in aquaculture and food preservation. Five different LAB strains were isolated and characterized for their probiotic properties. Based on physiological, morphological and biochemical characteristics, three isolates from Labeo rohita and two from Catla catla were identified as putative probiotics and were denoted as LR11, LR14 and LR16 and CC3 and CC4, respectively. Isolates CC3 and CC4 were acid (pH 2.5) and bile salt (0.3% oxygall) tolerant and exhibited strong antibacterial activities against all pathogens including Aeromonas hydrophila. In addition, all LAB isolates were susceptible to tested antibiotics, except CC3 and CC4 which were vancomycin resistant. Furthermore, the isolates CC3 and CC4 showed significantly higher in vitro cell surface properties, i.e., hydrophobicity, auto- and co-aggregation. Biochemical tests, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequence analysis established that LR11, LR14, LR16, CC3 and CC4 are Enterococcus avium TSU11, Enterococcus pseudoavium TSU14, Enterococcus raffinosus TSU16, Lactobacillus gasseri TSU3 and Lactobacillus animalis TSU4, respectively. Studies revealed that, Lactobacillus gasseri TSU3 and Lactobacillus animalis TSU4 are ideal probiotic candidates for its use in aquaculture and require further exploratory in vivo evaluation and safety studies.
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T. SAHZADI, M. SALIM, UM-E-KALSOOM AND K. SHAHZAD
2006-10-01
Full Text Available An experiment was conducted in six glass aquaria to study the growth performance and feed conversion ratio (FCR of hybrid fingerlings (Catla catla x Labeo rohita fed on sunflower meal, cottonseed meal and bone meal. Two replicates for each ingredient were followed. The feed was supplied at the rate of 4% of wet body weight of fingerlings twice a day. The hybrid (Catla catla x Labeo rohita fingerlings gained highest body weight (1.62 ± 0.0 g on sunflower meal, followed by cottonseed meal (1.61 ± 0.01 g and bone meal (1.52 ± 0.0 g. The total length obtained by hybrid fish was 6.35 ± 0.05 cm on sunflower meal, 6.12 ± 0.05 cm on cottonseed meal and 5.85 ± 0.05 cm on bone meal. The overall mean values of FCR were lower (better on sunflower meal (1.78 ± 0.05, followed by cottonseed meal (2.17 ± 0.01 and bone meal (2.46 ± 0.01. Thus, The sunflower meal and cottonseed meal, on the basis of growth performance and better FCR, can be included in the feed formulation for hybrid fingerlings.
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Mohd Adnan
2017-03-01
Full Text Available Background Probiotic microorganisms are gaining global importance because of their use in the preparation of a nutraceutical or in the treatment of infections. As per the health industry demand, there is an urgent need for exploring new indigenous probiotic strains with its specific origin due to variation in gut microflora, different food habits and specific host-microbial interactions. The main objective of the present study was to isolate and identify a novel probiotic Enterococcus strain from the gut of Catla catla fish and evaluate its potentiality as a potent probiotic. Methods The whole study was designed with the isolation of novel lactic acid bacterial strain from the gut of Catla catla fish with their biochemical and molecular identifications. The potentiality of the isolated strain as a potent probiotic was carried out according to the parameters described in FAD/WHO guidelines for the evaluation of probiotics in food. Results The isolated strain was confirmed as Enterococcus hirae F2 on the basis of various biochemical and 16s rRNA gene sequencing methods. Enterococcus hirae F2 was able to survive under highly acidic and bile salt concentration with the ability for the production of lipase and Bsh enzyme. It was also able to survive under simulated gastrointestinal conditions with the inhibition ability of various pathogens. The antioxidant potentiality with the cell surface hydrophobicity and cell aggregation ability confirms its potentiality as a potent probiotic. All the results detail the potency of Enterococcus hirae F2 as a novel probiotic for a safer use. Discussion The isolation of Enterococcus hirae with probiotic potential from the gut of fish is a new approach and done for the first time. However, the whole study concluded that the isolated strain might be used as a novel probiotic in the food industry for the production of new probiotic products which imparts health benefits to the host.
Patel, Mitesh; Hadi, Sibte
2017-01-01
Background Probiotic microorganisms are gaining global importance because of their use in the preparation of a nutraceutical or in the treatment of infections. As per the health industry demand, there is an urgent need for exploring new indigenous probiotic strains with its specific origin due to variation in gut microflora, different food habits and specific host-microbial interactions. The main objective of the present study was to isolate and identify a novel probiotic Enterococcus strain from the gut of Catla catla fish and evaluate its potentiality as a potent probiotic. Methods The whole study was designed with the isolation of novel lactic acid bacterial strain from the gut of Catla catla fish with their biochemical and molecular identifications. The potentiality of the isolated strain as a potent probiotic was carried out according to the parameters described in FAD/WHO guidelines for the evaluation of probiotics in food. Results The isolated strain was confirmed as Enterococcus hirae F2 on the basis of various biochemical and 16s rRNA gene sequencing methods. Enterococcus hirae F2 was able to survive under highly acidic and bile salt concentration with the ability for the production of lipase and Bsh enzyme. It was also able to survive under simulated gastrointestinal conditions with the inhibition ability of various pathogens. The antioxidant potentiality with the cell surface hydrophobicity and cell aggregation ability confirms its potentiality as a potent probiotic. All the results detail the potency of Enterococcus hirae F2 as a novel probiotic for a safer use. Discussion The isolation of Enterococcus hirae with probiotic potential from the gut of fish is a new approach and done for the first time. However, the whole study concluded that the isolated strain might be used as a novel probiotic in the food industry for the production of new probiotic products which imparts health benefits to the host. PMID:28316889
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Prashant K. DEEPAK; Uttam K. SARKAR; Raje S. NEGI; Samir K PAUL
2008-01-01
为了获得印度北部赣达(Ganga)盆地河流中野生卡特拉(鱾)种群的年龄结构和重要生长参数,对该鱼的年龄和生长进行了研究.鳞片取自商业捕捞和实验室饲养的样品.根据研究分析,该鱼最大年龄可达8龄;巴吉拉蒂河(Bhagirathi R.)的种群平均体长为521.51 mm,退算体长为288.9-1132.3 mm;旁遮普邦(Punjab)Satluj河种群平均体长为641.6 mm,退算体长为335.4-1096.08 mm.2龄时,种群线性生长率(Cl)和体重增加率(Cw)表现出迅速下降的趋势.其它生长参数值(Clt)也呈现快速下降.退算体长差异(ANOVA)分析显示,生活在赣达盆地不同流域中的种群,1+-4+龄组的长度差异较明显(P<0.05),高龄组(5+-8+)差异不显著.根据本项研究结果,提出了对印度北部赣达盆地相关河流中生活的野生卡特拉(鱾)种群资源持续利用的对策.%In the present communication age and growth of Catla catla (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822) was studied in order to obtain the information on its age structure and important growth parameters in the wild populations of rivers of the Ganga basin in the Northern India. Scales were collected from commercial and experimental catch. Based on the analysis we found C.catla with a maximum age group 8+ from river Bhagirathi where mean total length (TL) was 521.51 mm and the back calculated length were ranged from 288.9 to 1132.3 mm and from river Satluj, Punjab with a mean total length of 641.6 mm and back calculated length data were ranged from 335.4 to 1096.08 mm. The specific rate of linear growth (Cl) and specific rate of weight increase (Cw) of the entire population exhibited sharp decreasing trend in 2+ age group. The value of other growth parameter (Clt) showed an abrupt decreasing trend. Analyses of variances (ANOVA) of the back-calculated length data showed significant variation (P<0.05) in length attainment between the different drainages of river Ganga basin for the age groups up to 1+ to 4+ only, however, no
Seth, Mohua; Maitra, Saumen Kumar
2010-05-01
The importance of light in the temporal organization of photoreceptor proteins and melatonin-producing system has been investigated for the first time in the pineal of a tropical fish. In this study, an identical experimental paradigm was followed during the four distinct phases of an annual cycle in adult carps (Catla catla) maintained either under natural photoperiod (NP) or continuous illumination (LL) or darkness (DD) for 30 days. At the end of each experiment, the pineal from fish in each experimental group was collected either at 06:00, 12:00, 18:00, or 24:00 in a daily cycle and assessed by Western blot analysis for pineal rod-like opsin, alpha-transducin, and AANAT. The same animals were also used for measurement of serum melatonin levels, and the serum as well as intra-pineal Ca(++) levels at each timepoint. The study revealed a daily rhythmicity with a peak at 12:00 h and nadir at 24:00 h in the band intensity of pineal rod-like opsin and alpha-transducin in NP fish, while the band intensities of these photo-pigment proteins remained high under LL and low under DD, irrespective of clock hour during the 24 h cycle. The band intensity of pineal AANAT, levels of serum melatonin, and both serum Ca(++) and intra-pineal Ca(++) were maximum at 24:00 h and minimum at 12:00h in NP fish, and they were significantly lower under LL and higher under DD at each point of study. The results showed loss of daily rhythm in each studied variable in both LL and DD carps, suggesting that their circadian organization is dependent on the external light-dark conditions, rather than an endogenous circadian oscillator in the pineal.
Muthuviveganandavel, Veerappan; Hwang, Inho; Anita, Vanattayen; Malarani, Pattabiraman S; Selvam, Chandrasekar; Hemalatha, Moorthy; Pandurangan, Muthuraman
2013-04-01
Alpha-cypermethrin is an isoform of cypermethrin; it is an active pyrethroid used extensively to control a wide range of pests in agriculture and animal breeding. In this study four groups of six fish were examined. The first group served as a control in fresh water alone, with no pyrethroid. The second, third and fourth groups were exposed to alpha-cypermethrin for 4, 8 and 96 h respectively. At the end of the each exposure period, the fish were sacrificed, and the required muscle tissues were collected for histological examination. The blood was drawn with heparinized needles and processed for serum enzymatic studies. Serum enzymes such as aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), amylase, acid phosphatase (ACP) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were measured at 4, 8 and 96 h. AST enzyme activity was significantly increased at 4 h, whereas ALT and amylase enzyme activities were significantly reduced at all the time points. ACP enzyme activity was significantly reduced at 4 and 8 h, whereas GGT enzyme activity was significantly increased at all the time points. Hepatocyte cytoplasmic vacuolisation and degeneration, rupture of blood vessels, and necrosis was found at all time points. Congestion of blood vessels, bulging, distortion of filaments, erosion and disintegration of blood corpuscles and hyperplasia of epithelium were found in treated gills at 4, 8 and 96 h. Breakdown of muscle fibres, vacuolation and accumulation of lipids and melanin in white muscle were observed in treated fish muscle at 4, 8 and 96 h.
Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)
Kotnala, S.; Dhar, P.; Das, Partha; Chatterji, A.
-C (1.77 plus or minus 1.54) and Feed-B (0.67 plus or minus 0.13). Meanwhile, the minimum value of FCR was obtained with Feed-A (0.57 plus or minus 0.39) indicating its high efficiency. The data of the present study clearly demonstrated that seaweeds...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B.D. Abhijith
2016-10-01
Conclusion: The results of the present investigation suggest that gill is the most sensitive organ to MP toxicity. The alterations of the enzymatic parameters can be effectively used as potential biomarkers for monitoring of the organophosphorus pesticides in aquatic environment. Further, MP should be used with caution in order to protect natural waters and aquatic organisms.
Record of the species of Tripartiella (Lom, 1959) from fishes of Manipur.
Mohilal, Naorem; Hemananda, Thounaojam
2012-04-01
Survey on Trichodinid ciliophorans from the fresh water fishes of Manipur revealed three known species of the genus Tripartiella from the gills of major carps Labeo rohita (Hamilton); Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton); Catla catla and Ciprinus carpio. These are redescribed in this communication.
A review on Labeo calbasu (Hamilton with an emphasis on its conservation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sandipan Gupta
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Labeo calbasu is a freshwater fish species and is the most important carp species next to three Indian Major Carps Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala. It is a popular food fish and also is admired as a sport fish. Recently this fish species has also made its entry in ornamental fish markets of India and abroad. In last few years, the natural populations of this fish species has seriously declined due to over fishing and other anthropological reasons. In India it has been reported as Lower Risk near Threatened and in Bangladesh as endangered species. Earlier number of works has been conducted on different aspects of Labeo calbasu including food and feeding habit and reproductive biology. This report has been prepared with a view to sum up all those previously documented information along with pointing out the missing information further study of which will be beneficial for its fishery. Apart from this, it has been tried to note down some possible measures which should be considered for its conservation.
The effect of periphyton substrate density on production in freshwater polyculture ponds
Azim, M.E.; Wahab, M.A.; Biswas, P.K.; Aseada, T.; Fujino, T.; Verdegem, M.C.J.
2004-01-01
The present research investigated the optimum surface area of periphyton substrate in earthen ponds stocked with a pre-optimized density and ratio of the Indian major carps, catla (Catla catla), rohu (Labeo rohita) and kalbaush (Labeo calbasu) to support enhanced fish production. Four treatments in
Elizabeth Hamilton: Enlightenment Educator.
Russell, Rosalind
1986-01-01
Elizabeth Hamilton, an eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Scottish writer on education, was one of the first to advocate the application of educational psychology to teaching. She introduced Pestalozzi's method to the English-reading public and argued for equal education for all children of both sexes and all social backgrounds. (LFL)
Sánchez Santos, José Manuel (1967-)
2012-01-01
A materia Mecánica Clásica II forma parte do bloque que no Grao en Física se dedica á Mecánica Clásica, que é a parte da Física que estuda o movemento das partículas e os corpos materiais e que comprende a teoría iniciada por Galileo e Newton e desenvolvida nos séculos XVIII e XIX por Lagrange e Hamilton, incluíndo tamén a Relatividade Especial de Einstein. A materia divídese en catro bloques temáticos de similar peso e duración temporal. O primeiro deles ten un marcado carácter teóric...
Determinant Sums for Undirected Hamiltonicity
Björklund, Andreas
2010-01-01
We present a Monte Carlo algorithm for Hamiltonicity detection in an $n$-vertex undirected graph running in $O^*(1.657^{n})$ time. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first superpolynomial improvement on the worst case runtime for the problem since the $O^*(2^n)$ bound established for TSP almost fifty years ago (Bellman 1962, Held and Karp 1962). It answers in part the first open problem in Woeginger's 2003 survey on exact algorithms for NP-hard problems. For bipartite graphs, we improve the bound to $O^*(1.414^{n})$ time. Both the bipartite and the general algorithm can be implemented to use space polynomial in $n$. We combine several recently resurrected ideas to get the results. Our main technical contribution is a new reduction inspired by the algebraic sieving method for $k$-Path (Koutis ICALP 2008, Williams IPL 2009). We introduce the Labeled Cycle Cover Sum in which we are set to count weighted arc labeled cycle covers over a finite field of characteristic two. We reduce Hamiltonicity to Labeled ...
High-Order Hamilton's Principle and the Hamilton's Principle of High-Order Lagrangian Function
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Ming-Jiang; ZHAO Hong-Xia; FANG Jian-Hui; MA Shan-Jun; LU Kai
2008-01-01
In this paper, based on the theorem of the high-order velocity energy, integration and variation principle, the high-order Hamilton's principle of general holonomic systems is given. Then, three-order Lagrangian equations and four-order Lagrangian equations are obtained from the high-order Hamilton's principle. Finally, the Hamilton's principle of high-order Lagrangian function is given.
2013-05-23
..., CT 06096-1010; or Hamilton Standard Division, One Hamilton Road, United Technologies Corporation, Mail Stop 1A-3-C63, Windsor Locks, CT 06096-1010; phone: 877-808-7575; fax: 860-660-0372; email: tech... corrosion to accumulate to critical limits. Hamilton Sundstrand developed, and we approved,...
Strebel differentials and Hamilton sequences
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI; Zhong(
2001-01-01
［1］Strebel, K., Point shift differentials and extremal quasiconformal mappings, Annale Acad. Scle. Fenn. Math., 1998, 23: 475 -494.［2］Gardiner, F. P., Approximation of infinite dimensional Teichmutller space, Trans. Amer. Soc., 1999, 282: 367-383.［3］Lakic, N. , The Strebel points, Comptemp. Math. , 1997, 211: 417-431.［4］Wu Sheng jian, Hamilton sequences for extremal quasiconformal mappings of the unit disc, Science in China, Ser. A, 1999,42(10): 1033-1042.［5］Li Zhong, Qi Yi, A note on point shift differentials, Science in China, Ser. A, 1999, 42(5): 449-455.［6］Hamilton, R. S., Extremal quasiconformal mappings with prescribed boundary values, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. , 1969,138: 399-406.［7］Krushkal, S. , Extremal quasiconformal mappings, Sirbirsk. Mat. Zh., 1969, 10: 573-583.［8］Reich, E., Strebel, K., Extremal quasiconformal mappings with given boundary values, Contributions to Analysis, New York: Academic Press, 1974, 375-391.［9］Strebel, K. , On quasiconformal mappings of open Riemann surfaces, Commemt. Math. Helr., 1978, 53: 301-321.［10］Earle, C., Li Zhong, Extremal quasiconformal mappings in plane domains, Quasiconformal Mappings and Analysis A Col-lection of Papers Honoring F. W. Gehring, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1998, 141-158.［11］Strebel, K., On quadratic differentials and extremal quasiconforrnal mappings, in Proc. of the Intern. Congress of Math.,Vancouver, 1974.［12］Li Zhong, Some new results on the geometry of infinite dimensional Teichmuller space, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Colloquium on Finite or Infinite Dimensional Complex Analysis, 1995, 369-378.
An extended Hamilton — Jacobi method
Kozlov, Valery V.
2012-11-01
We develop a new method for solving Hamilton's canonical differential equations. The method is based on the search for invariant vortex manifolds of special type. In the case of Lagrangian (potential) manifolds, we arrive at the classical Hamilton — Jacobi method.
Hamilton optics: transformational theory of optics
Winston, Roland; Ge, Wenjun
2013-09-01
In 1824 William Rowan Hamilton presented a memoir to the Royal Irish Academy on Optics(Trans. R. Irish. Acacamy, XV, 1828), which was the foundation for transformational optics, classical mechanics, nonimaging optics and thermodynamical foundation of nonimaging optics,etc. It is useful for us even in 2013 to revisit the Hamilton resolution.
Digitization of the Mary Hamilton Papers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gardner Anne-Christine
2017-03-01
Full Text Available Held at The John Rylands Library, Manchester, the Mary Hamilton Papers are a valuable, but still largely untapped resource for linguistic, cultural and literary studies focussing on the late eighteenth century. In her diaries Lady Mary Hamilton (1756-1816 documents daily life and friendships with intellectual figures of the time, for instance Horace Walpole and members of the Bluestocking circle, which included Elizabeth Montagu and Frances Burney. The archive also contains letters written to Lady Mary Hamilton by her family and other members of her social network.
Clean air Hamilton 2001 progress report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2002-05-01
This community initiative called Clean Air Hamilton was established to improve air quality in Hamilton, Ontario. It has been mandated to annually report on progress and provide advice with regard to current air quality issues. The quality of life of residents is improved as a result of the work performed by Clean Air Hamilton, and it also enhances Hamilton's image. Numerous inquiries have been received from City officials in several municipalities such as Toronto, Kitchener-Waterloo and Windsor as a testament to the success of the initiative. Financial support is received from all levels of government. The funding received from the Council has helped in attracting additional donations in support of this initiative. Clean Air Hamilton was involved in one capacity or another in research, emissions reduction projects and public awareness campaigns during 2001, and its contributions were valued at approximately 500,000 dollars. The City of Hamilton was awarded the United Nations for Human Settlements award as a result of Clean Air Hamilton's community process in local air quality improvement. In addition, the City received the Dubai International Award for Best Practices in Improving the Living Environment. Clean Air Hamilton is ready to move to the next phase, which requires moving current structures that supplements voluntary commitments with committed funding from key stakeholders. Since June 1996, the advisory level of 32 on the Air Pollution Index has not been reached, and rarely goes over 20. Throughout the 1990s, levels of toxics have decreased significantly. A three-year self-sustaining program should be developed and funding sought for those initiatives, discussions should be facilitated among industrial stakeholders when they address air quality issues, and research should continue to be supported and advice on current air quality issues be provided to City Council. 1 fig.
Widespread hybridization among species of Indian major carps in hatcheries, but not in the wild
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Simonsen, V.; Hansen, Michael Møller; Mensberg, Karen-Lise Dons;
2005-01-01
samples. Individual admixture coefficients showed that 24% of all hatchery-reared fishes were hybrids, whereas a single hybrid was observed in the wild-caught samples. Only catla Catla catla x rohu Labeo rohita and mrigal Cirrhinus cirrhosus x rohu hybrids were observed, the vast majority of which were F......-hybrids in hatchery samples, reproductive barriers among species have so far precluded widespread introgression. Continued hybridization may eventually lead to a breakdown of species barriers, thereby compromising the genetic integrity of the species in the wild, and leading to production losses...
Hamilton's indicators of the force of selection
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Baudisch, Annette
2005-01-01
To quantify the force of selection, Hamilton [Hamilton, W. D. (1966) J. Theor. Biol. 12, 12-45] derived expressions for the change in fitness with respect to age-specific mutations. Hamilton's indicators are decreasing functions of age. He concluded that senescence is inevitable: survival...... and fertility decline with age. I show that alternative parameterizations of mutational effects lead to indicators that can increase with age. I then consider the case of deleterious mutations with age-specific effects. In this case, it is the balance between mutation and selection pressure that determines...... the equilibrium number of mutations in a population. In this balance, the effects of different parameterizations cancel out, but only to a linear approximation. I show that mutation accumulation has little impact at ages when this linear approximation holds. When mutation accumulation matters, nonlinear effects...
Richard Hamilton: the Very Great Semiographer
Paul, Frédéric
2012-01-01
For fifty years and more, Richard Hamilton has been an enthralling artist. He was not only a Pop Art pioneer, but also one of its earliest theoreticians… before the United States pilfered the idea and turned it into a lucrative trademark—their industrial model inspiring the movement, but the formulae of Cubism and Surrealism, with the re-use of found objects by collage and assemblage, also playing their part. Hamilton is little known outside the United Kingdom, and has been signally overlooke...
Conformal invariance conserved quantity of Hamilton systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Cai Jian-Le; Luo Shao-Kai; Mei Feng-Xiang
2008-01-01
This paper studies conformal invariance and comserved quantRies of Hamilton system.The definition and the determining equation of conformal invariance for Hamilton system are provided.The relationship between the conformal invariance and the Lie symmetry are discussed,and the necessary and sufficient condition that the conformal invariance would be the Lie symmetry of the system under the infinitesimal one-parameter transformation group is deduced.It gives the conserved quantities of the system and an example for illustration.
Measuring Social Capital in Hamilton, Ontario
Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison; Simone, Dylan
2012-01-01
Social capital has been studied by academics for more than 20 years and within the past decade there has been an explosion of growth in research linking social capital to health. This paper investigates social capital in Hamilton, Ontario by way of a telephone survey of 1,002 households in three neighbourhood groups representing high, mixed and…
Measuring Social Capital in Hamilton, Ontario
Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison; Simone, Dylan
2012-01-01
Social capital has been studied by academics for more than 20 years and within the past decade there has been an explosion of growth in research linking social capital to health. This paper investigates social capital in Hamilton, Ontario by way of a telephone survey of 1,002 households in three neighbourhood groups representing high, mixed and…
The face of energy poverty in Hamilton
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cooper, T. [McQuesten Legal and Community Services, Hamilton, ON (Canada)
2007-07-01
In 1907, Hamilton, Ontario was known as the electric city, where jobs were plentiful and where the cheapest hydro power in the world was produced. This presentation stated that currently, Hamilton which faces one of the highest poverty rates in the province of Ontario, with 96,000 residents living below the low income cutoff. Heat and hydro costs have escalated and have driven more Hamiltonians into deep poverty. Several quotes from residents were presented along with photographs to illustrate the situation. A graph depicting poverty by age demographics was also provided. The presentation emphasized that there is a need for a housing emergency loan program and a utility arrears program for the City of Hamilton, as many tenants are struggling to survive without heat, gas or electricity. The presentation concluded that Hamilton is in need of an effective heat strategy during the summer cooling months because senior citizens, persons with disabilities and families living in low-income, poorly ventilated housing are particularly at risk during an extreme heat event. refs., tabs., figs.
Hamilton County: A Rural School District Profile.
Harned, Catherine
Using state education agency, census, industry employment and occupational information data, this paper provides a detailed picture of a rural school district in Southern Illinois. Mining and agriculture are the major industries in Hamilton County. The major mining employer closed in February 1988, and the drought of 1988 is likely to adversely…
Hamilton-Jacobi renormalization for Lifshitz spacetime
Baggio, M.; de Boer, J.; Holsheimer, K.
2012-01-01
Just like AdS spacetimes, Lifshitz spacetimes require counterterms in order to make the on-shell value of the bulk action finite. We study these counterterms using the Hamilton-Jacobi method. Rather than imposing boundary conditions from the start, we will derive suitable boundary conditions by
An unusual ophthalmic finding in Lane-Hamilton syndrome.
Villegas, Victor M; Rachitskaya, Aleksandra V; Lam, Byron L; McKeown, Craig A; Berrocal, Audina M
2014-12-01
Lane-Hamilton syndrome is a rare condition that is characterized by idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis and celiac disease. We report the case of an 18-month-old girl with Lane-Hamilton syndrome who had unilateral pigmentary retinopathy.
Conformal invariance and Hamilton Jacobi theory for dissipative systems
Kiehn, R. M.
1975-01-01
For certain dissipative systems, a comparison can be made between the Hamilton-Jacobi theory and the conformal invariance of action theory. The two concepts are not identical, but the conformal action theory covers the Hamilton-Jacobi theory.
Kurva Raghu Ramudu; Gadadhar Dash
2015-01-01
The study was conducted to investigate the histological changes of vital organs such as kidney, gills and brain with the mixed infestation of parasites in Indian Major Carps (IMC). The parasites such as Myxobolus spp., Thelohanellus spp., Trichodina spp., Dactylogyrus spp., Gyrodactylus spp. and Nematodes were observed in three IMC. Several histological alterations were observed in the kidney of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala, which includes vacuolar degeneration in the epith...
VIABILITY SOLUTIONS TO STRUCTURED HAMILTON-JACOBI EQUATIONS UNDER CONSTRAINTS
2011-01-01
International audience; Structured Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equations are Hamilton-Jacobi equations where the time variable is replaced by a vector-valued variable "structuring" the system. It could be the time-age pair (Hamilton-Jacobi-McKendrick equations) or candidates for initial or terminal conditions (Hamilton-Jacobi-Cournot equations) among a manifold of examples. Here, we define the concept of "viability solution" which always exists and can be computed by viability algori...
Hamilton Jacobi method for solving ordinary differential equations
Mei, Feng-Xiang; Wu, Hui-Bin; Zhang, Yong-Fa
2006-08-01
The Hamilton-Jacobi method for solving ordinary differential equations is presented in this paper. A system of ordinary differential equations of first order or second order can be expressed as a Hamilton system under certain conditions. Then the Hamilton-Jacobi method is used in the integration of the Hamilton system and the solution of the original ordinary differential equations can be found. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the application of the result.
Three-order pseudo-Hamilton canonical equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ma Shan-Jun; Huang Pei-Tian; Yan Rong; Zhao Hong-Xia
2006-01-01
Based on the three-order Lagrangian equations, Hamilton's function ofacceleration H* and generalized acceleration momentum P*α are defined, and pseudo-Hamilton canonical equations corresponding to three-order Lagrangian equations are obtained. The equations are similar to Hamilton's canonical equations of analytical mechanics in form.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Safina Kousar and Muhammad Javed
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Various environmental pollutants, including metals can cause toxicological effects on aquatic animals especially fish species. Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine acute toxicity and bioaccumulation patterns of arsenic (As, nickel (Ni and zinc (Zn in 150-day old fish species (Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Catla catla and Ctenopharyngodon idella, separately, in glass aquaria under constant water temperature (30oC, total hardness (300 mg L-1 and pH (7.5. Catla catla showed significantly (PNi>As. Among exposed fish species, Cirrhina mrigala exhibited significantly higher ability to amass Ni (146.8±149.1 μg g-1 and Zn (243.0±190.5 μg g-1, followed by Ctenopharyngodon idella, Labeo rohita and Catla catla at 96-h LC50. Liver showed higher tendency to accumulate Ni, followed by gills and kidney with significant differences while kidney showed higher tendency to accumulate As, followed by liver. Fins and scales exhibited significantly (P<0.05 least tendency to accumulate all the three metals. Accumulation of metals in different fish species is the function of their membrane permeability, which is highly species specific. Due to this reason different fish species showed different amount of metal accumulated in their bodies. This study also reveals that the metals, being conservative in nature have higher ability of biomagnifications.
Hamilton--Jacobi meet M\\"obius
Faraggi, Alon E
2015-01-01
Adaptation of the Hamilton--Jacobi formalism to quantum mechanics leads to a cocycle condition, which is invariant under $D$--dimensional M\\"obius transformations with Euclidean or Minkowski metrics. In this paper we aim to provide a pedagogical presentation of the proof of the M\\"obius symmetry underlying the cocycle condition. The M\\"obius symmetry implies energy quantization and undefinability of quantum trajectories, without assigning any prior interpretation to the wave function. As such, the Hamilton--Jacobi formalism, augmented with the global M\\"obius symmetry, provides an alternative starting point, to the axiomatic probability interpretation of the wave function, for the formulation of quantum mechanics and the quantum spacetime. The M\\"obius symmetry can only be implemented consistently if spatial space is compact, and correspondingly if there exist a finite ultraviolet length scale. Evidence for non--trivial space topology may exist in the cosmic microwave background radiation.
Quantum Potential Via General Hamilton - Jacobi Equation
Mollai, Maedeh; Jami, Safa; Ahanj, Ali
2011-01-01
In this paper, we sketch and emphasize the automatic emergence of a quantum potential (QP) in general Hamilton-Jacobi equation via commuting relations, quantum canonical transformations and without the straight effect of wave function. The interpretation of QP in terms of independent entity is discussed along with the introduction of quantum kinetic energy. The method has been extended to relativistic regime, and same results have been concluded.
Covariant Hamilton equations for field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Giachetta, Giovanni [Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Camerino, Camerino (Italy); Mangiarotti, Luigi [Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Camerino, Camerino (Italy)]. E-mail: mangiaro@camserv.unicam.it; Sardanashvily, Gennadi [Department of Theoretical Physics, Physics Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: sard@grav.phys.msu.su
1999-09-24
We study the relations between the equations of first-order Lagrangian field theory on fibre bundles and the covariant Hamilton equations on the finite-dimensional polysymplectic phase space of covariant Hamiltonian field theory. If a Lagrangian is hyperregular, these equations are equivalent. A degenerate Lagrangian requires a set of associated Hamiltonian forms in order to exhaust all solutions of the Euler-Lagrange equations. The case of quadratic degenerate Lagrangians is studied in detail. (author)
Canonical equations of Hamilton with beautiful symmetry
Liang, Guo; Guo, Qi
2012-01-01
The Hamiltonian formulation plays the essential role in constructing the framework of modern physics. In this paper, a new form of canonical equations of Hamilton with the complete symmetry is obtained, which are valid not only for the first-order differential system, but also for the second-order differential system. The conventional form of the canonical equations without the symmetry [Goldstein et al., Classical Mechanics, 3rd ed, Addison-Wesley, 2001] are only for the second-order differe...
Fifty years with the Hamilton scales for anxiety and depression. A tribute to Max Hamilton
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bech, P
2009-01-01
From the moment Max Hamilton started his psychiatric education, he considered psychometrics to be a scientific discipline on a par with biochemistry or pharmacology in clinical research. His clinimetric skills were in operation in the 1950s when randomised clinical trials were established...... as the method for the evaluation of the clinical effects of psychotropic drugs. Inspired by Eysenck, Hamilton took the long route around factor analysis in order to qualify his scales for anxiety (HAM-A) and depression (HAM-D) as scientific tools. From the moment when, 50 years ago, Hamilton published his first...... placebo-controlled trial with an experimental anti-anxiety drug, he realized the dialectic problem in using the total score on HAM-A as a sufficient statistic for the measurement of outcome. This dialectic problem has been investigated for more than 50 years with different types of factor analyses without...
Hamilton Graph Based on DNA Computing
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANGJia-xiu
2004-01-01
DNA computing is a novel method for solving a class of intractable computationalproblems in which the computing can grow exponentially with problem size. Up to now, manyaccomplishments have been achieved to improve its performance and increase its reliability.Hamilton Graph Problem has been solved by means of molecular biology techniques. A smallgraph was encoded in molecules of DNA, and the “operations” of the computation wereperformed with standard protocols and enzymes. This work represents further evidence forthe ability of DNA computing to solve NP-complete search problems.
Algebra and geometry of Hamilton's quaternions
Krishnaswami, Govind S
2016-01-01
Inspired by the relation between the algebra of complex numbers and plane geometry, William Rowan Hamilton sought an algebra of triples for application to three dimensional geometry. Unable to multiply and divide triples, he invented a non-commutative division algebra of quadruples, in what he considered his most significant work, generalizing the real and complex number systems. We give a motivated introduction to quaternions and discuss how they are related to Pauli matrices, rotations in three dimensions, the three sphere, the group SU(2) and the celebrated Hopf fibrations.
Hamilton-Jacobi Method and Gravitation
Di Criscienzo, R; Zerbini, S
2010-01-01
Studying the behaviour of a quantum field in a classical, curved, spacetime is an extraordinary task which nobody is able to take on at present time. Independently by the fact that such problem is not likely to be solved soon, still we possess the instruments to perform exact predictions in special, highly symmetric, conditions. Aim of the present contribution is to show how it is possible to extract quantitative information about a variety of physical phenomena in very general situations by virtue of the so-called Hamilton-Jacobi method. In particular, we shall prove the agreement of such semi-classical method with exact results of quantum field theoretic calculations.
Hamilton-Jacobi Method and Gravitation
di Criscienzo, R.; Vanzo, L.; Zerbini, S.
Studying the behaviour of a quantum field in a classical, curved, spacetime is an extraordinary task which nobody is able to take on at present time. Independently by the fact that such problem is not likely to be solved soon, still we possess the instruments to perform exact predictions in special, highly symmetric, conditions. Aim of the present contribution is to show how it is possible to extract quantitative information about a variety of physical phenomena in very general situations by virtue of the so-called Hamilton-Jacobi method. In particular, we shall prove the agreement of such semi-classical method with exact results of quantum field theoretic calculations.
Hamilton y el Descubrimiento de los Cuaterniones
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
José Manuel Sánchez Muñoz
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Este artículo pretende ofrecer una visión general del descubrimiento de los llamados cuaterniones por parte del matemático irlandés William Rowan Hamilton. Se pretende dar al lector algunos detalles del nacimiento de los números imaginarios en el siglo XVI, su interpretación geométrica a principios del siglo XIX, y la extensión del plano complejo a las tres dimensiones a través de los cuaterniones, que abrirían el paso al estudio y el desarrollo de las nuevas álgebras no conmutativas y a una nueva interpretación tridimensional de la realidad física.
Viscous warm inflation: Hamilton-Jacobi formalism
Akhtari, L.; Mohammadi, A.; Sayar, K.; Saaidi, Kh.
2017-04-01
Using Hamilton-Jacobi formalism, the scenario of warm inflation with viscous pressure is considered. The formalism gives a way of computing the slow-rolling parameter without extra approximation, and it is well-known as a powerful method in cold inflation. The model is studied in detail for three different cases of the dissipation and bulk viscous pressure coefficients. In the first case where both coefficients are taken as constant, it is shown that the case could not portray warm inflationary scenario compatible with observational data even it is possible to restrict the model parameters. For other cases, the results shows that the model could properly predicts the perturbation parameters in which they stay in perfect agreement with Planck data. As a further argument, r -ns and αs -ns are drown that show the acquired result could stand in acceptable area expressing a compatibility with observational data.
Hamilton-Jacobi skeleton on cortical surfaces.
Shi, Y; Thompson, P M; Dinov, I; Toga, A W
2008-05-01
In this paper, we propose a new method to construct graphical representations of cortical folding patterns by computing skeletons on triangulated cortical surfaces. In our approach, a cortical surface is first partitioned into sulcal and gyral regions via the solution of a variational problem using graph cuts, which can guarantee global optimality. After that, we extend the method of Hamilton-Jacobi skeleton [1] to subsets of triangulated surfaces, together with a geometrically intuitive pruning process that can trade off between skeleton complexity and the completeness of representing folding patterns. Compared with previous work that uses skeletons of 3-D volumes to represent sulcal patterns, the skeletons on cortical surfaces can be easily decomposed into branches and provide a simpler way to construct graphical representations of cortical morphometry. In our experiments, we demonstrate our method on two different cortical surface models, its ability of capturing major sulcal patterns and its application to compute skeletons of gyral regions.
Canonical equations of Hamilton with beautiful symmetry
Liang, Guo
2012-01-01
The Hamiltonian formulation plays the essential role in constructing the framework of modern physics. In this paper, a new form of canonical equations of Hamilton with the complete symmetry is obtained, which are valid not only for the first-order differential system, but also for the second-order differential system. The conventional form of the canonical equations without the symmetry [Goldstein et al., Classical Mechanics, 3rd ed, Addison-Wesley, 2001] are only for the second-order differential system. It is pointed out for the first time that the number of the canonical equations for the first-order differential system is half of that for the second-order differential system. The nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation, a universal first-order differential system, can be expressed with the new canonical equations in a consistent way.
Stability of Controlled Hamilton Systems Excited by Gaussian White Noise
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SHANG Mei; GUO Yong-xin; MEI Feng-xiang
2008-01-01
A new method is introduced in this paper. This method can be used to study the stability of controlled holonomic Hamilton systems under disturbance of Gaussian white noise. At first, the motion equation of controlled holonomic Hamilton systems excited by Gaussian noise is formulated. A theory to stabilize the system is provided. Finally, one example is given to illustrate the application procedures.
On the Hamilton-Jacobi Treatment of Constrained Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Sami.I.Muslih; Hosam A.El-Zalan
2003-01-01
Systems with singular-higher order Lagrangians are investigated by two methods: Dirac method and Hamilton-Jacobi method. An example is studied and it is shown that the Hamilton-Jacobi method gives the correct canonical generalized equations of motion, contrary to Dirac method, where Dirac conjecture is invalid.
Invariant surfaces and tracking by the Hamilton-Jacobi method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Warnock, R.L.; Ruth, R.D.
1986-09-01
The Hamilton-Jacobi method is described for a model of betatron motion in one degree of freedom, namely, a harmonic oscillator perturbed by a lattice of sextupoles. The Hamilton-Jacobi equation is given in terms of Fourier amplitudes. Invariant surfaces have been obtained in phase space, and finite time symplectic maps were obtained for tracking of single particles. (LEW)
78 FR 43838 - Airworthiness Directives; Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Propellers
2013-07-22
..., Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. BILLING CODE 4910-13-P ...-48-AD RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Propellers AGENCY... had applied to certain Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation 14SF-7, 14SF-15, and 14SF-23 series...
A Hamilton-Jacobi Formalism for Thermodynamics
Rajeev, S G
2007-01-01
We show that classical thermodynamics has a formulation in terms of Hamilton-Jacobi theory, analogous to mechanics. Even though the thermodynamic variables come in conjugate pairs such as pressure/volume or temperature/entropy, the phase space is odd-dimensional. For a system with \\m{n} thermodynamic degrees of freedom it is \\m{2n+1}-dimensional. The equations of state of a substance pick out an \\m{n}-dimensional submanifold. A family of substances whose equations of state depend on \\m{n} parameters define a hypersurface of co-dimension one. This can be described by the vanishing of a function which plays the role of a Hamiltonian. The ordinary differential equations (characteristic equations) defined by this function describe a dynamical system on the hypersurface. Its orbits can be used to reconstruct the equations of state. The `time' variable associated to this dynamics is related to, but is not identical to, entropy. After developing this formalism on well-grounded systems such as the van der Waals gases...
Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge vision...
Hamilton-Jakobi method for classical mechanics in Grassmann algebra
Tabunshchyk, K. V.
1998-01-01
We present the Hamilton-Jakobi method for the classical mechanics with constrains in Grassmann algebra. In the frame of this method the solution for the classical system characterized by the SUSY Lagrangian is obtained.
Hamilton´s Principle and Electric Circuits Tudory
2006-01-01
In the theory of electrical or electromechanical circuits different methods are known for construction of mathematical model. In this paper another, alternative method is introduced that is based on Hamilton variational principle that is generally valid in physics.
Researcher Profile: An Interview with Axton Betz-Hamilton
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Axton Betz-Hamilton
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Dr. Axton Betz-Hamilton teaches consumer studies courses at Eastern Illinois University, including Personal and Family Finance, Housing, and Consumer Issues. She conducts research on identity theft as well as financial abuse within families.
Packing tight Hamilton cycles in 3-uniform hypergraphs
Frieze, Alan; Loh, Po-Shen
2010-01-01
Let H be a 3-uniform hypergraph with N vertices. A tight Hamilton cycle C \\subset H is a collection of N edges for which there is an ordering of the vertices v_1, ..., v_N such that every triple of consecutive vertices {v_i, v_{i+1}, v_{i+2}} is an edge of C (indices are considered modulo N). We develop new techniques which enable us to prove that under certain natural pseudo-random conditions, almost all edges of H can be covered by edge-disjoint tight Hamilton cycles, for N divisible by 4. Consequently, we derive the corollary that random 3-uniform hypergraphs can be almost completely packed with tight Hamilton cycles w.h.p., for N divisible by 4 and P not too small. Along the way, we develop a similar result for packing Hamilton cycles in pseudo-random digraphs with even numbers of vertices.
THE RELAXING SCHEMES FOR HAMILTON-JACOBI EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hua-zhong Tang; Hua-mu Wu
2001-01-01
Hamilton-Jacobiequation appears frequently in applications, e.g., in differential games and control theory, and is closely related to hyperbolic conservation laws[3, 4, 12]. This is helpful in the design of difference approximations for Hamilton-Jacobi equation and hyperbolic conservation laws. In this paper we present the relaxing system for HamiltonJacobiequations in arbitrary space dimensions, and high resolution relaxing schemes for Hamilton-Jacobi equation, based on using the local relaxation approximation. The schemes are numerically tested on a variety of 1D and 2D problems, including a problem related to optimal control problem. High-order accuracy in smooth regions, good resolution of discontinuities, and convergence to viscosity solutions are observed.
Hamilton Place - Ontario Canadá
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Garwood-Jones, T. P.
1975-04-01
Full Text Available Although comparatively modest as to its exterior, the interior of the theatre-auditorium Hamilton Place has been most successfully solved, both as regards design and acoustics. Construction techniques and elements have been utilized to achieve two different sections in one and the same hall with on one hand the capacity to be able to capture shades of the spoken word at theatrical functions and on the other to reproduce the sharpness and variety of orchestras and choirs. The following elements deserve special mention: the mobile wall which incorporates the orchestra into the hall by closing the proscenium arch; the two elevating platforms where the orchestra is placed; the vertical velvet surfaces, hung like banners which soften the repercussion of the sound; the mobile horizontal surfaces over the orchestra that direct and orient the sound. The most interesting construction techniques are: the subdivision of the building into different parts, each one with independent foundation so as to avoid the transmission of the sound from one section to the other; the texture of the brick walls that disperse the reflected sound; and the use of counterforts to create smaller more personal sections for varied use. The acoustic characteristics are improved by means of a sound installation, formed by small loudspeakers placed under each seat and by other bigger ones distributed in the walls that surround the hall. The building is completed by various service installations that are appropriate to this type of construction, as well as by a small theatre-studio for the rehearsals of the orchestra and the actors, while other functions are going on in the main hall.El teatro-auditorio Hamilton Place, aunque relativamente modesto por fuera, tiene soluciones muy afortunadas en el interior, tanto por su diseño como por su adecuación acústica. Se han utilizado elementos y técnicas constructivas destinadas a conseguir, en una única sala, dos espacios
Hamilton Jeffers and the Double Star Catalogues
Tenn, Joseph S.
2013-01-01
Astronomers have long tracked double stars in efforts to find those that are gravitationally-bound binaries and then to determine their orbits. Court reporter and amateur astronomer Shelburne Wesley Burnham (1838-1921) published a massive double star catalogue containing more than 13,000 systems in 1906. The next keeper of the double stars was Lick Observatory astronomer Robert Grant Aitken (1864-1951), who produced a much larger catalogue in 1932. Aitken maintained and expanded Burnham’s records of observations on handwritten file cards, eventually turning them over to Lick Observatory astrometrist Hamilton Moore Jeffers (1893-1976). Jeffers further expanded the collection and put all the observations on punched cards. With the aid of Frances M. "Rete" Greeby (1921-2002), he made two catalogues: an Index Catalogue with basic data about each star, and a complete catalogue of observations, with one observation per punched card. He enlisted Willem van den Bos of Johannesburg to add southern stars, and they published the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0. As Jeffers approached retirement he became greatly concerned about the disposition of the catalogues. He wanted to be replaced by another "double star man," but Lick Director Albert E. Whitford (1905-2002) had the new 120-inch reflector, the world’s second largest telescope, and he wanted to pursue modern astrophysics instead. Jeffers was vociferously opposed to turning over the card files to another institution, and especially against their coming under the control of Kaj Strand of the U.S. Naval Observatory. In the end the USNO got the files and has maintained the records ever since, first under Charles Worley (1935-1997), and, since 1997, under Brian Mason. Now called the Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS), it is completely online and currently contains more than 1,000,000 measures of more than 100,000 pairs.
Geometric Hamilton-Jacobi theory on Nambu-Poisson manifolds
de León, M.; Sardón, C.
2017-03-01
The Hamilton-Jacobi theory is a formulation of classical mechanics equivalent to other formulations as Newtonian, Lagrangian, or Hamiltonian mechanics. The primordial observation of a geometric Hamilton-Jacobi theory is that if a Hamiltonian vector field XH can be projected into the configuration manifold by means of a 1-form dW, then the integral curves of the projected vector field XHd Wcan be transformed into integral curves of XH provided that W is a solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Our aim is to derive a geometric Hamilton-Jacobi theory for physical systems that are compatible with a Nambu-Poisson structure. For it, we study Lagrangian submanifolds of a Nambu-Poisson manifold and obtain explicitly an expression for a Hamilton-Jacobi equation on such a manifold. We apply our results to two interesting examples in the physics literature: the third-order Kummer-Schwarz equations and a system of n copies of a first-order differential Riccati equation. From the first example, we retrieve the original Nambu bracket in three dimensions and from the second example, we retrieve Takhtajan's generalization of the Nambu bracket to n dimensions.
Solution Hamilton-Jacobi equation for oscillator Caldirola-Kanai
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
LEONARDO PASTRANA ARTEAGA
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The method allows Hamilton-Jacobi explicitly determine the generating function from which is possible to derive a transformation that makes soluble Hamilton's equations. Using the separation of variables the partial differential equation of the first order called Hamilton-Jacobi equation is solved; as a particular case consider the oscillator Caldirola-Kanai (CK, which is characterized in that the mass presents a temporal evolution exponentially . We demonstrate that the oscillator CK position presents an exponential decay in time similar to that obtained in the damped sub-critical oscillator, which reflects the dissipation of total mechanical energy. We found that in the limit that the damping factor is small, the behavior is the same as an oscillator with simple harmonic motion, where the effects of energy dissipation is negligible.
Geometrical Field Theory of Hamilton Dynamic System In Rational Mechanics
Jianhua, Xiao
2011-01-01
When a set of particles are moving in a potential field, two aspects are concerned: 1) the relative motion of particle in spatial domain; 2) the particle velocity variations in time domain. The difficulty on treating the systems is originated from the fact that the motion in time domain and the motion in spatial domain are coupled together completely. Generally, for a Hamilton dynamic system established by a set of general velocity functions, several abstract theories have been well established, such as Lie algebra, Symplectic manifold, Poisson brackets, and others. However, mathematically, to find out a general Hamilton function is very difficult even for very simple problems. Inspired by these abstract mathematic researches, the Hamilton dynamic system is studied by geometrical field theory of deformation. Firstly, referring to the instant configuration, the deformation tensor in spatial domain and the velocity transformation tensor in time domain are established for a dynamic system defined by a set of gen...
Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi Cosmology and Classical-Quantum Correlation
Fathi, M.; Jalalzadeh, S.
2017-07-01
How the time evolution which is typical for classical cosmology emerges from quantum cosmology? The answer is not trivial because the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is time independent. A framework associating the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi to the minisuperspace cosmological models has been introduced in Fathi et al. (Eur. Phys. J. C 76, 527 2016). In this paper we show that time dependence and quantum-classical correspondence both arise naturally in the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism of quantum mechanics, applied to quantum cosmology. We study the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi cosmology of spatially flat homogeneous and isotropic early universe whose matter content is a perfect fluid. The classical cosmology emerge around one Planck time where its linear size is around a few millimeter, without needing any classical inflationary phase afterwards to make it grow to its present size.
Composite fish culture for mosquito control in rice fields in southern India.
Victor, T J; Chandrasekaran, B; Reuben, R
1994-09-01
Composite culture of edible fishes (common carp, Cryprinus carpio; silver carp, Hypopthalmithys molitrix, grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella; catla, Catla catla; rohu, Labeo rohita; and mrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala) in rice fields in the Cauvery delta of Tamil Nadu, southern India, resulted in 81.0% reduction in the immature mosquito population of anophelines and 83.5% of culicines. Analysis of fish feces for mosquito larval head capsules showed that common carp and silver carp are effective larvivores. The selective feeding of common carp on culicines and silver carp on anophelines is correlated to their trophic niches. Net profit in the fish-cum-rice fields was 2.5 times greater than fields in which rice alone was cultured. Hence, rice-cum-fish culture can be recommended to the farming community in this area.
A Quantum Algorithm for Finding a Hamilton Circuit
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Hao; LONG Gui-Lu; SUN Yang; XIU Xiao-Lin
2001-01-01
A quantum algorithm for solving the classical NP-complete problem - the Hamilton circuit is presented. The algorithm employs the quantum SAT and the quantum search algorithms. The algorithm is square-root faster than classical algorithm, and becomes exponentially faster than classical algorithm if nonlinear quantum mechanical computer is used.
Hamilton´s Principle and Electric Circuits Tudory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniel Mayer
2006-01-01
Full Text Available In the theory of electrical or electromechanical circuits different methods are known for construction of mathematical model. In this paper another, alternative method is introduced that is based on Hamilton variational principle that is generally valid in physics.
Spin Hamilton Operators, Symmetry Breaking, Energy Level Crossing and Entanglement
Steeb, Willi-Hans; Hardy, Yorick; de Greef, Jacqueline
2011-01-01
We study finite-dimensional product Hilbert spaces, coupled spin systems, entanglement and energy level crossing. The Hamilton operators are based on the Pauli group. We show that swapping the interacting term can lead from unentangled eigenstates to entangled eigenstates and from an energy spectrum with energy level crossing to avoided energy level crossing.
Numerical Solution of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations in High Dimension
2012-11-23
high dimension FA9550-10-1-0029 Maurizio Falcone Dipartimento di Matematica SAPIENZA-Universita di Roma P. Aldo Moro, 2 00185 ROMA AH930...solution of Hamilton-Jacobi equations in high dimension AFOSR contract n. FA9550-10-1-0029 Maurizio Falcone Dipartimento di Matematica SAPIENZA
Hojman Exact Invariants and Adiabatic Invariants of Hamilton System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The perturbation to Lie symmetry and adiabatic invariants are studied. Based on the concept of higherorder adiabatic invariants of mechanical systems with action of a small perturbation, the perturbation to Lie symmetry is studied, and Hojman adiabatic invariants of Hamilton system are obtained. An example is given to illustrate the application of the results.
Hamilton,Sir William Rowan(1805-1865)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2002-01-01
Shortly after Hamilton submitted his paper and while still an undergraduate,Trinity College elected him to the post of Andrews professor of astronomy and royal astronomer of Ireland’ to succeed Brinkley,who had been made a bishop. Thus an undergraduate(not quite 22years old) became ex officio an examiner of graduates who were candidates
Whittaker方程的Hamilton化%Hamiltonization of Whittaker equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
丁光涛
2010-01-01
引入Whittaker方程的Birkhoff表示,构造与该表示对应的Hamilton函数,并利用Hamilton-Poisson方法得到Whittaker方程的解.指出上述Hamilton函数与传统分析力学中Hamilton函数的区别.
Unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for analytical mechanics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modern dual-complementarity, in a simple and unified new way proposed by Luo, the un-conventional Hamilton-type variational principles of holonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics can be established systematically. This unconventional Hamilton-type variational principle can fully characterize the initial-value problem of analytical mechanics, so that it is an important innovation for the Hamilton-type variational principle. In this paper, an important integral relation is given, which can be considered as the expression of the generalized principle of virtual work for analytical mechanics in mechanics. Based on this relation, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of virtual work of holonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for three-field and two-field unconventional variational principles, and the functional for the one-field one by the generalized Legendre transformation given in this paper. Further, with this new approach, the intrinsic relationship among various principles can be explained clearly. Meanwhile, the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles of nonholonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics can also be established systematically in this paper.
Unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for analytical mechanics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LUO En; LIANG LiFu; LI WeiHua
2007-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modern dual-complementarity, in a simple and unified new way proposed by Luo, the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles of holonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics can be established systematically. This unconventional Hamilton-type variational principle can fully characterize the initial-value problem of analytical mechanics, so that it is an important innovation for the Hamilton-type variational principle. In this paper, an important integral relation is given, which can be considered as the expression of the generalized principle of virtual work for analytical mechanics in mechanics. Based on this relation, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of virtual work of holonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for three-field and two-field unconventional variational principles, and the functional for the one-field one by the generalized Legendre transformation given in this paper. Further, with this new approach, the intrinsic relationship among various principles can be explained clearly. Meanwhile, the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles of nonholonomic conservative system in analytical mechanics can also be established systematically in this paper.
Growth Responses of Fish During Chronic Exposure of Metal Mixture under Laboratory Conditions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Saima Naz and Muhammad Javed
2013-07-01
Full Text Available Growth responses of five fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix were determined, separately, under chronic exposure of binary mixture of metals (Zn+Ni at sub-lethal concentrations (1/3rd of LC50 for 12 weeks. Randomized complete block design (RCBD was followed to conduct this research work. The groups (10 fish each of Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix having almost similar weights were investigated for their growth responses and metals bioaccumulation patterns in their body organs during chronic exposure of Zn+Ni mixture. The bioaccumulation of metals in the fish body organs viz. gills, liver, kidney, fins, bones, muscle and skin were also determined before and after growth trails under the stress of metals mixture. The exposure of fish to sub-lethal concentrations of mixture caused significant impacts on the average wet weight increments of five fish species. Ctenopharyngodon idella and Labeo rohita attained significantly higher weights, followed by that of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Cirrhina mrigala and Catla catla. However, the growth of metals mixture exposed fish species was significantly lesser than that of control fish (un-stressed. Significantly variable condition factor values reflected the degree of fish well-beings that correlated directly with fish growth and metal exposure concentration. Any significant change in feed intake, due to stress, is reflected in terms of fish growth showing the impacts of metal mixture on fish growth were either additive or antagonist / synergistic. Accumulation of all the metals in fish body followed the general order: liver>kidney>gills> skin >muscle> fins >bones.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
T Venugopal; S Mathavan; T J Pandian
2002-06-01
A modified rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) strategy has been developed for cloning highly conserved cDNA sequences. Using this modified method, the growth hormone (GH) encoding cDNA sequences of Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala and Catla catla have been cloned, characterized and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. These sequences show 96–98% homology to each other and are about 85% homologous to that of common carp. Besides, an attempt has been made for the first time to describe a 3-D model of the fish GH protein.
Venugopal, T; Mathavan, S; Pandian, T J
2002-06-01
A modified rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) strategy has been developed for cloning highly conserved cDNA sequences. Using this modified method, the growth hormone (GH) encoding cDNA sequences of Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala and Catla catla have been cloned, characterized and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. These sequences show 96-98% homology to each other and are about 85% homologous to that of common carp. Besides, an attempt has been made for the first time to describe a 3-D model of the fish GH protein.
Unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for electromagnetic elastodynamics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modern dual-complementarity, in a simple and unified new way proposed by Luo, the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for electromagnetic elastodynamics can be established systematically. This new variational principles can fully characterize the initial-boundary-value problem of this dynamics. In this paper, the expression of the generalized principle of virtual work for electromagnetic dynamics is given. Based on this equation, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of virtual work in electromagnetic dynamics, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for eleven-field, nine-field and six-field unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for electromagnetic elastodynamics, and the potential energy functionals for four-field and three-field ones by the generalized Legendre transformation given in this paper. Furthermore, with this approach, the intrinsic relationship among various principles can be explained clearly.
Beam dynamics with the Hamilton-Jacobi equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gabella, W.E.; Ruth, R.D.; Warnock, R.L.
1989-03-01
We describe a non-perturbative method to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for invariant surfaces in phase space. The problem is formulated in action-angle variables with a general nonlinear perturbation. The solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is regarded as the fixed point of a map on the Fourier coefficients of the generating function. Periodicity of the generator in the independent variable is enforced with a shooting method. We present two methods for finding the fixed point and hence the invariant surface. A solution by plain iteration is economical but has a restricted domain of convergence. The Newton iteration is costly but yields solutions up to the dynamic aperture. Examples of lattices with sextupoles for chromatic correction are discussed. 10 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.
Studying on Opinion Evolution by Hamilton-Jacobi Equation
Feng, Chen-Jie; Huo, Jie; Hao, Rui; Wang, Xu-Ming
2016-01-01
A physical description of an opinion evolution is conducted based on the Hamilton-Jacobi equation derived from a generalized potential and the corresponding Langevin equation. The investigation mainly focuses on the heterogeneities such as age, connection circle and overall quality of the participants involved in the opinion exchange process. The evolutionary patterns of opinion can be described by solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, information entropy. The results show that the overall qualities of the participants play critical roles in forming an opinion. The higher the overall quality is, the easier the consensus can reach. The solution also demonstrates that the age and the connection circle of the agents play equally important roles in forming an opinion. The essence of the age, overall quality, and connection circle corresponds to the maturity of thought (opinion inertia), reason and intelligence, influence strength of the environment, respectively. So the information entropy distributes in the ...
Hamilton geometry: Phase space geometry from modified dispersion relations
Barcaroli, Leonardo; Gubitosi, Giulia; Loret, Niccoló; Pfeifer, Christian
2015-01-01
We describe the Hamilton geometry of the phase space of particles whose motion is characterised by general dispersion relations. In this framework spacetime and momentum space are naturally curved and intertwined, allowing for a simultaneous description of both spacetime curvature and non-trivial momentum space geometry. We consider as explicit examples two models for Planck-scale modified dispersion relations, inspired from the $q$-de Sitter and $\\kappa$-Poincar\\'e quantum groups. In the first case we find the expressions for the momentum and position dependent curvature of spacetime and momentum space, while for the second case the manifold is flat and only the momentum space possesses a nonzero, momentum dependent curvature. In contrast, for a dispersion relation that is induced by a spacetime metric, as in General Relativity, the Hamilton geometry yields a flat momentum space and the usual curved spacetime geometry with only position dependent geometric objects.
Hamilton-Jacobi formalism of tachyon inflation and cosmological perturbations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
LIU Daojun
2014-08-01
Full Text Available We study the cosmological inflation models driven by the rolling tachyon field which has a Born-Infeld-type action.We drive the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the cosmological dynamics of tachyon inflation and the mode equations for the scalar and tensor perturbations of tachyon field and spacetime, then a solution under the slow-roll condition is given. In the end,a realistic model from string theory is discussed.
Sir William Rowan Hamilton: Life, Achievements, Stature in Physics
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-06-01
Against the background of the development ofphysics, and in particular of mechanics, over thecenturies since Galileo and Newton, we describethe life and work of William Rowan Hamilton inthe 19th century. The depth of his ideas whichbrought together the understanding of ray opticsand classical mechanics, and the remarkableways in which his work paved the way to theconstruction of quantum mechanics in the 20thcentury, are emphasized.
Wave-Particle Duality and the Hamilton-Jacobi Equation
Sivashinsky, Gregory I
2009-01-01
The Hamilton-Jacobi equation of relativistic quantum mechanics is revisited. The equation is shown to permit solutions in the form of breathers (oscillating/spinning solitons), displaying simultaneous particle-like and wave-like behavior. The de Broglie wave thus acquires a clear deterministic meaning of a wave-like excitation of the classical action function. The problem of quantization in terms of the breathing action function and the double-slit experiment are discussed.
Hamilton,Sir William Rowan(1805-1865)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2002-01-01
Irish mathematician and astronomer who developed the theory of quaternions, a landmark in the development of algebra,and discovered the phenomenon of conical refraction. His unification of dynamics and optics,moreover,has had alasting influence on mathematical physics, even though the full significance of his work was not fully appreciated until after the risd of quantum mechanics. Like his English contemporaries Thomas Babington Macaulay and John Stuart Mill,Hamilton showed
Conformal invariance and Hojman conserved quantities of canonical Hamilton systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Chang; Liu Shi-Xing; Mei Feng-Xiang; Guo Yong-Xin
2009-01-01
This paper discusses the conformal invariance by infinitesimal transformations of canonical Hamilton systems. The necessary and sufficient conditions of conformal invariance being Lie symmetrical simultaneously by the action of infinitesimal transformations are given. The determining equations of the conformal invariance are gained. Then the Hojman conserved quantities of conformal invariance by special infinitesimal transformations are obtained. Finally an illustrative example is given to verify the results.
Hamilton-Jacobi method for a simple resonance
Rudnev, Mischa
2003-01-01
It is well known that a generic small perturbation of a Liouville-integrable Hamiltonian system causes breakup of resonant and near-resonant invariant tori. A general approach to the simple resonance case in the convex real-analytic setting is developed, based on a new technique for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. It is shown that a generic perturbation creates in the core of a resonance a partially hyperbolic lower-dimensional invariant torus, whose Lagrangian stable and unstable manif...
Kinetic derivation of a Hamilton-Jacobi traffic flow model
Borsche, Raul; Kimathi, Mark
2012-01-01
Kinetic models for vehicular traffic are reviewed and considered from the point of view of deriving macroscopic equations. A derivation of the associated macroscopic traffic flow equations leads to different types of equations: in certain situations modified Aw-Rascle equations are obtained. On the other hand, for several choices of kinetic parameters new Hamilton-Jacobi type traffic equations are found. Associated microscopic models are discussed and numerical experiments are presented discussing several situations for highway traffic and comparing the different models.
Unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for nonlinear coupled thermoelastodynamics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
罗恩; 邝君尚; 黄伟江; 罗志国
2002-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modem dual-com plementarity, in a simple and unified new way proposed by Luo, the unconventional Hamilton-type vari ational principles for geometrically nonlinear coupled thermoelastodynamics can be established system atically. The new unconventional Hamilton-type variational principle can fully characterize the initia boundary-value problem of this dynamics. In this paper, an important integral relation is given, which can be considered as the expression of the generalized principle of virtual work for geometrically nonlin ear coupled thermodynamics. Based on this relation, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of vir tual work in geometrically nonlinear coupled thermodynamics, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for eight-field, six-field, four-field and two-field unconventional Hamilton type variational principles by the generalized Legendre transformations given in this paper. Further more, with this approach, the intrinsic relationship among various principles can be explained clearly.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Jesper Bent; Bech, Per
2011-01-01
-reporting versions (definitely and semidefinitely anchored) corresponding to the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), the Hamilton Subscale (HAM6), and the Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale (MES) were compared to each other and the clinician-rated version. The unidimensional property of the sum score in each scale...
Nuclear power and the Hamilton-Jefferson debate
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hacker, A.
The basic sources of nuclear opposition derive from the philosophical arguments of Thomas Jefferson against Alexander Hamilton's vision of an industrial society with a strong central authority. Today's young people continue Jefferson's radical plea for the individual freedoms associated with personal ownership and limited government, but they accept the structure of the former while searching for the romanticism of the latter. The nuclear debate reflects this dichotomy and will continue even if the issues of waste disposal and safety are resolved. (DCK)
Multimodal electromechanical model of piezoelectric transformers by Hamilton's principle.
Nadal, Clement; Pigache, Francois
2009-11-01
This work deals with a general energetic approach to establish an accurate electromechanical model of a piezoelectric transformer (PT). Hamilton's principle is used to obtain the equations of motion for free vibrations. The modal characteristics (mass, stiffness, primary and secondary electromechanical conversion factors) are also deduced. Then, to illustrate this general electromechanical method, the variational principle is applied to both homogeneous and nonhomogeneous Rosen-type PT models. A comparison of modal parameters, mechanical displacements, and electrical potentials are presented for both models. Finally, the validity of the electrodynamical model of nonhomogeneous Rosen-type PT is confirmed by a numerical comparison based on a finite elements method and an experimental identification.
DISCONTINUOUS SOLUTIONS IN L∞ FOR HAMILTON-JACOBI EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
An approach is introduced to construct global discontinuous solutions in L∞ for Hamilton Jacobi equations. This approach allows the initial data only in L∞ and applies to the equations with nonconvex Hamiltonians. The profit functions are introduced to formulate the notion of discontinuous solutions in L. The existence of global discontinuous solutions in L∞ is established. These solutions in L∞ coincide with the viscosity solutions and the minimax solutions, provided that the initial data are continuous. A prototypical equation is analyzed to examine the L∞ stability of our L∞ solutions. The analysis also shows that global discontinuous solutions are determined by the topology in which the initial data are approximated.
Hamilton-Jacobi method for curved domain walls and cosmologies
Skenderis, Kostas; Townsend, Paul K.
2006-12-01
We use Hamiltonian methods to study curved domain walls and cosmologies. This leads naturally to first-order equations for all domain walls and cosmologies foliated by slices of maximal symmetry. For Minkowski and AdS-sliced domain walls (flat and closed FLRW cosmologies) we recover a recent result concerning their (pseudo)supersymmetry. We show how domain-wall stability is consistent with the instability of AdS vacua that violate the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound. We also explore the relationship to Hamilton-Jacobi theory and compute the wave-function of a 3-dimensional closed universe evolving towards de Sitter spacetime.
The Hamilton-Jacobi method and Hamiltonian maps
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abdullaev, S.S. [Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, EURATOM Association, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich (Germany)
2002-03-29
A method for constructing time-step-based symplectic maps for a generic Hamiltonian system subjected to perturbation is developed. Using the Hamilton-Jacobi method and Jacobi's theorem in finite periodic time intervals, the general form of the symplectic maps is established. The generating function of the map is found by the perturbation method in the finite time intervals. The accuracy of the maps is studied for fully integrable and partially chaotic Hamiltonian systems and compared to that of the symplectic integration method. (author)
The Hamilton-Jacobi method and Hamiltonian maps
Abdullaev, S. S.
2002-03-01
A method for constructing time-step-based symplectic maps for a generic Hamiltonian system subjected to perturbation is developed. Using the Hamilton-Jacobi method and Jacobi's theorem in finite periodic time intervals, the general form of the symplectic maps is established. The generating function of the map is found by the perturbation method in the finite time intervals. The accuracy of the maps is studied for fully integrable and partially chaotic Hamiltonian systems and compared to that of the symplectic integration method.
Hamilton and Hardy for the 21st Century
Ogden, Trevor
2016-01-01
Hamilton and Hardy’s Industrial Toxicology is now 80 years old, and the new sixth edition links us with a pioneer era. This is an impressive book, but the usefulness of the hardback version as a reference book is unfortunately limited by its poor index. There is now an ebook version, and for the practitioner on the move this has the great advantages of searchability and portability. However, Wiley ebooks can apparently only be downloaded when first purchased, so their lifetime is limited to that of the device. The Kindle edition should avoid this shortcoming.
Fast methods for static Hamilton-Jacobi Partial Differential Equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vladimirsky, Alexander Boris
2001-05-01
The authors develop a family of fast methods approximating the solution to a wide class of static Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equations. These partial differential equations are considered in the context of control-theoretic and front-propagation problems. In general, to produce a numerical solution to such a problem, one has to solve a large system of coupled non-linear discretized equations. The techniques use partial information about the characteristic directions to de-couple the system. Previously known fast methods, available for isotropic problems, are discussed in detail. They introduce a family of new Ordered Upwinding Methods (OUM) for general (anisotropic) problems and prove convergence to the viscosity solution of the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equation. The hybrid methods introduced here are based on the analysis of the role played by anisotropy in the context of front propagation and optimal trajectory problems. The performance of the methods is analyzed and compared to that of several other numerical approaches to these problems. Computational experiments are performed using test problems from control theory, computational geometry and seismology.
A hybrid-stress element based on Hamilton principle
Cen, Song; Zhang, Tao; Li, Chen-Feng; Fu, Xiang-Rong; Long, Yu-Qiu
2010-08-01
A novel hybrid-stress finite element method is proposed for constructing simple 4-node quadrilateral plane elements, and the new element is denoted as HH4-3 β here. Firstly, the theoretical basis of the traditional hybrid-stress elements, i.e., the Hellinger-Reissner variational principle, is replaced by the Hamilton variational principle, in which the number of the stress variables is reduced from 3 to 2. Secondly, three stress parameters and corresponding trial functions are introduced into the system equations. Thirdly, the displacement fields of the conventional bilinear isoparametric element are employed in the new models. Finally, from the stationary condition, the stress parameters can be expressed in terms of the displacement parameters, and thus the new element stiffness matrices can be obtained. Since the required number of stress variables in the Hamilton variational principle is less than that in the Hellinger-Reissner variational principle, and no additional incompatible displacement modes are considered, the new hybrid-stress element is simpler than the traditional ones. Furthermore, in order to improve the accuracy of the stress solutions, two enhanced post-processing schemes are also proposed for element HH4-3 β. Numerical examples show that the proposed model exhibits great improvements in both displacement and stress solutions, implying that the proposed technique is an effective way for developing simple finite element models with high performance.
Fast methods for static Hamilton-Jacobi Partial Differential Equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vladimirsky, Alexander Boris [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
2001-01-01
The authors develop a family of fast methods approximating the solution to a wide class of static Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equations. These partial differential equations are considered in the context of control-theoretic and front-propagation problems. In general, to produce a numerical solution to such a problem, one has to solve a large system of coupled non-linear discretized equations. The techniques use partial information about the characteristic directions to de-couple the system. Previously known fast methods, available for isotropic problems, are discussed in detail. They introduce a family of new Ordered Upwinding Methods (OUM) for general (anisotropic) problems and prove convergence to the viscosity solution of the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equation. The hybrid methods introduced here are based on the analysis of the role played by anisotropy in the context of front propagation and optimal trajectory problems. The performance of the methods is analyzed and compared to that of several other numerical approaches to these problems. Computational experiments are performed using test problems from control theory, computational geometry and seismology.
Manna, Madhumita; Chakraborty, Priyanka
2012-07-01
The East Calcutta Wetland (ECW), a Ramsar site in India, acts as the only sink for both city sewages as well as effluents from the surrounding small-scale industries and is alarmingly polluted with heavy metals. The three best edible major carp species rohu (Labeo rohita,), catla (Catla catla,) and mrigala (Cirrhinus mrigala) were undertaken to monitor lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH) by cellulose acetate electrophoresis (CAE) to assess the effects of pollutants, if any. Crude tissue extracts were prepared from brain, eye, heart, skeletal muscle and kidney tissue respectively from each type of fish. No differences were not found in MDH of catla from both sites for all tissues analyzed in this study. Rohu also showed similar mobility for all tissues except for heart tissue which was distinctly different in fishes from ECW site than that of its counterpart from non ECW site. On the other hand, MDH of two tissues of mrigala, eye and muscle respectively showed different migration patterns. LDH profiles for all tissues of three fish species from both the sites were consistently similar, only the expression levels of muscle LDH of mrigala and kidney LDH of rohu varied little.
Ravindra Kumar; Kushwaha, Basdeo; Nagpure, Naresh S
2013-06-01
Characterization of the major (18S) and minor (5S) ribosomal RNA genes were carried out in three commercially important Indian major carp (IMC) species, viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala along with their physical localizations using dual colour fluorescence in situ hybridization. The diploid chromosome number in the above carps was confirmed to be 50 with inter-species karyo-morphological variations. The 18S rDNA signals were observed on 3 pair of chromosomes in C. catla and L. rohita, and two pairs in C. mrigala. The 5S rDNA signal was found on single pair of chromosome in all the species with variation in their position on chromosomes. The sequencing of 18S rDNA generated 1804, 1805 and 1805 bp long fragments, respectively, in C. catla, L. rohita and C. mrigala with more than 98% sequence identity among them. Similarly, sequencing of 5S rDNA generated 191 bp long fragments in the three species with 100% identity in coding region and 23.2% overall variability in non-transcribed spacer region. Thus, these molecular markers could be used as species-specific markers for taxonomic identification and might help in understanding the genetic diversity, genome organization and karyotype evolution of these species.
Effects of Zinc and Lead Toxicity on the Growth and their Bioaccumulation in Fish
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Javed
2012-06-01
Full Text Available This study evaluated the impacts of chronic exposure of waterborne zinc (Zn and lead (Pb on the growth and their bioaccumulation in three fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala. Three fish species responded similarly for their feed intakes while weight increments and feed conversion efficiency (FCE varied significantly due to Zn and Pb exposures. Younger fish were significantly more sensitive to metallic ion toxicity. Chronic exposure of both Zn and Pb (at 1/3rd of LC50 to the fish caused significantly lesser gain in weight, feed intakes and FCE than that of control (un-stressed fish. Amongst 9 age groups, 330-day fish exhibited significantly better growth in terms of weight gain and feed intake than the other age groups. Both Zn and Pb bioaccumulations varied significantly among fish organs while the patterns of their bioaccumulation did not vary significantly within three fish species. Fish liver and kidney accumulated significantly higher Zn and Pb during chronic exposures. However, Zn accumulation was significantly more than that of Pb in the fish body. Amongst three fish species, Labeo rohita exhibited significantly higher tendency to accumulate Zn while Catla catla amassed higher Pb in its body. The bioaccumulation of both Zn and Pb was positively dependent upon fish age and exposure concentration of metals. Zn bioaccumulation in fish body followed the order: liver>kidney>skin>gills>scale=muscle while that of Pb was: kidney>liver>gills>skin>muscle=scales.
Inhibitory effect of Pistia tannin on digestive enzymes of Indian major carps: an in vitro study.
Mandal, Sudipta; Ghosh, Koushik
2010-12-01
Aquatic weeds are one of the major unconventional feed ingredients tested for aquafeed formulation. Tannin content in the water lettuce, Pistia, has been quantified (26.67 mg g(-1); dry weight) and graded levels of which (12.5-200 μg) have been incorporated in the reaction mixtures to evaluate any change in the in vitro activity of the principal digestive enzymes from the three Indian major carps (IMC), namely rohu (Labeo rohita), catla (Catla catla) and mrigala (Cirrhinus mrigala). Result of the experiment revealed that the Pistia tannin (PT) significantly inhibit/lower the activities of the digestive enzymes from three IMCs in a dose-dependent manner, even at very low concentration. Significant variation in the reduction of the enzyme activities was noticed between the three fish species, as well as between the three enzymes studied. Among the three species studied, digestive enzymes from L. rohita were found to be the most sensitive to the PT, whereas enzymes from C. catla were found to be comparatively least affected. On the other hand, protease and lipase activities were comparatively more affected than the amylase activity. The results of the study suggest that more stress should be given on the elimination of tannin while incorporating feed ingredients of plant origin in fish diets.
Unconditionally stable methods for Hamilton-Jacobi equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karlsen, Kenneth Hvistendal; Risebro, Nils Henrik
2000-05-01
We present new numerical methods for constructing approximate solutions to the Cauchy problem for Hamilton-Jacobi equations of the form u{sub t} + H(D{sub x}u) = 0. The methods are based on dimensional splitting and front tracking for solving the associated (non-strictly hyperbolic) system of conservation laws p{sub t} + D{sub x}H(p) = 0, where p = D{sub x}u. In particular, our methods depend heavily on a front tracking method for one-dimensional scalar conservation laws with discontinuous coefficients. The proposed methods are unconditionally stable in the sense that the time step is not limited by the space discretization and they can be viewed as ''large time step'' Godunov type (or front tracking) methods. We present several numerical examples illustrating the main features of the proposed methods. We also compare our methods with several methods from the literature. (author)
The Hamilton principle for fluid binary mixtures with two temperatures
Gouin, Henri
2009-01-01
For binary mixtures of fluids without chemical reactions, but with components having different temperatures, the Hamilton principle of least action is able to produce the equation of motion for each component and a balance equation of the total heat exchange between components. In this nonconservative case, a Gibbs dynamical identity connecting the equations of momenta, masses, energy and heat exchange allows to deduce the balance equation of energy of the mixture. Due to the unknown exchange of heat between components, the number of obtained equations is less than the number of field variables. The second law of thermodynamics constrains the possible expression of a supplementary constitutive equation closing the system of equations. The exchange of energy between components produces an increasing rate of entropy and creates a dynamical pressure term associated with the difference of temperature between components. This new dynamical pressure term fits with the results obtained by classical thermodynamical a...
Surface Modification of ZnO Nanorods with Hamilton Receptors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lukas Zeininger
2015-04-01
Full Text Available A new prototype of a Hamilton receptor suitable for the functionalization of inorganic nanoparticles was synthesized and characterized. The hydrogen bonding receptor was coupled to a catechol moiety, which served as anchor group for the functionalization of metal oxides, in particular zinc oxide. Synthesized zinc oxide nanorods [ZnO] were used for surface functionalization. The wet-chemical functionalization procedure towards monolayer-grafted particles [ZnO-HR] is described and a detailed characterization study is presented. In addition, the detection of specific cyanurate molecules is demonstrated. The hybrid structures [ZnO-HR-CA] were stable towards agglomeration and exhibited enhanced dispersability in apolar solvents. This observation, in combination with several spectroscopic experiments gave evidence of the highly directional supramolecular recognition at the surface of nanoparticles.
Geometric Hamilton-Jacobi theory for higher-order autonomous systems
Colombo, Leonardo; de León, Manuel; Prieto-Martínez, Pedro Daniel; Román-Roy, Narciso
2014-06-01
The geometric framework for the Hamilton-Jacobi theory is used to study this theory in the background of higher-order mechanical systems, in both the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms. Thus, we state the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi equations in these formalisms and apply our results to analyze some particular physical examples.
Sense of Belonging and Mental Health in Hamilton, Ontario: An Intra-Urban Analysis
Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison; Chowhan, James
2012-01-01
This paper examines geographic variations in sense of community belonging in Hamilton, Ontario. It also identifies the most significant health and social factors associated with belonging in the city. The research employs data from the 2007/08 Canadian Community Health Survey for respondents aged 18 or over living in the Hamilton Census…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Saroj K. Ghosh
2015-05-01
Full Text Available The histological features and histochemical characterization of the stomach were investigated in Mystus cavasius (Hamilton, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus and Gudusia chapra (Hamilton having different feeding habits. Histologically the stomach of all the three fishes was made up of mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. The mucosa of superficial epithelium consists of a single layer of compactly arranged columnar epithelial cells. Prominent gastric glands are present in M. cavasius whereas in G. chapra the gastric glands are totally absent in the gizzard like stomach. However, in O. niloticus tubular gastric glands are present in the glandular epithelium of caecal like stomach. The distribution and chemical nature of mucopolysaccharides in the aforementioned fishes were studied histochemically by employing Periodic Acid Schiff’s in combination with the Alcian Blue (PAS–AB technique. Columnar epithelial cells lining the mucosa of the stomach including mucosal border were provided with exclusively neutral mucin which was probably involved in the protective functions against acid and enzymes. The different intensities of reaction of Best Carmine (BC for glycogen in the epithelial lining and gastric glands of the stomach of the aforesaid three fish species under study were discussed. The intense reaction for protein and tryptophan was noticed in the gastric epithelium and gastric glands of M. cavasius probably due to accumulation of zymogen granules in the gastric glands. On the contrary, moderate reaction for protein and tryptophan was associated with the epithelial cells and gastric glands of O. niloticus and G. chapra. The cytoarchitecture and different degrees of localization of mucopolysaccharides, glycogen, protein and tryptophan in the stomach of M. cavasius, O. niloticus and G. chapra were correlated with the functional significance of the region concerned.
无向完全图的哈密顿回路%Hamilton Circles of No Direction Graph
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁震; 陈新军
2000-01-01
In this article,a way of finding all Hamilton cycles of a perfect no direction graph will be presented.Then we can find out the formula of all Hamilton circles of a perfect no direction graph.Finally the way will be expanded to other cases like finding whether a graph has Hamilton cycles or not.
The fate of Hamilton's Hodograph in Special and General Relativity
Gibbons, G W
2015-01-01
The hodograph of a non-relativistic particle motion in Euclidean space is the curve described by its momentum vector. For a general central orbit problem the hodograph is the inverse of the pedal curve of the orbit, (i.e. its polar reciprocal), rotated through a right angle. Hamilton showed that for the Kepler/Coulomb problem, the hodograph is a circle whose centre is in the direction of a conserved eccentricity vector. The addition of an inverse cube law force induces the eccentricity vector to precess and with it the hodograph. The same effect is produced by a cosmic string. If one takes the relativistic momentum to define the hodograph, then for the Sommerfeld (i.e. the special relativistic Kepler/Coulomb problem) there is an effective inverse cube force which causes the hodograph to precess. If one uses Schwarzschild coordinates one may also define a a hodograph for timelike or null geodesics moving around a black hole. Iheir pedal equations are given. In special cases the hodograph may be found explicitl...
Singular Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the tail problem
Mirrahimi, Sepideh; Perthame, Benoit; Souganidis, Panagiotis E
2010-01-01
In this paper we study the long time-long range behavior of reaction diffusion equations with negative square root -type reaction terms. In particular we investigate the exponential behavior of the solutions after a standard hyperbolic scaling. This leads to a Hamilton-Jacobi variational inequality with an obstacle that depends on the solution itself and defines the open set where the limiting solution does not vanish. Counter-examples show a nontrivial lack of uniqueness for the variational inequality depending on the conditions imposed on the boundary of this open set. Both Dirichlet and state constraints boundary conditions play a role. When the competition term does not change sign, we can identify the limit, while, in general, we find lower and upper bounds for the limit. Although models of this type are rather old and extinction phenomena are as important as blow-up, our motivation comes from the so-called "tail problem" in population biology. One way to avoid meaningless exponential tails, is to impose...
Hamilton's equations for a fluid membrane
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Capovilla, R [Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Guven, J [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 70-543, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Rojas, E [Facultad de Fisica e Inteligencia Artificial, Universidad Veracruzana, 91000 Xalapa, Veracruz (Mexico)
2005-10-14
Consider a homogeneous fluid membrane described by the Helfrich-Canham energy, quadratic in the mean curvature of the membrane surface. The shape equation that determines equilibrium configurations is fourth order in derivatives and cubic in the mean curvature. We introduce a Hamiltonian formulation of this equation which dismantles it into a set of coupled first-order equations. This involves interpreting the Helfrich-Canham energy as an action; equilibrium surfaces are generated by the evolution of space curves. Two features complicate the implementation of a Hamiltonian framework. (i) The action involves second derivatives. This requires treating the velocity as a phase-space variable and the introduction of its conjugate momentum. The canonical Hamiltonian is constructed on this phase space. (ii) The action possesses a local symmetry-reparametrization invariance. The two labels we use to parametrize points on the surface are themselves physically irrelevant. This symmetry implies primary constraints, one for each label, that need to be implemented within the Hamiltonian. The two Lagrange multipliers associated with these constraints are identified as the components of the acceleration tangential to the surface. The conservation of the primary constraints implies two secondary constraints, fixing the tangential components of the momentum conjugate to the position. Hamilton's equations are derived and the appropriate initial conditions on the phase-space variables are identified. Finally, it is shown how the shape equation can be reconstructed from these equations.
Quantitative Compactness Estimates for Hamilton-Jacobi Equations
Ancona, Fabio; Cannarsa, Piermarco; Nguyen, Khai T.
2016-02-01
We study quantitative compactness estimates in {W^{1,1}_{loc}} for the map {S_t}, {t > 0} that is associated with the given initial data {u_0in Lip (R^N)} for the corresponding solution {S_t u_0} of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation u_t+Hbig(nabla_{x} ubig)=0, qquad t≥ 0,quad xinR^N, with a uniformly convex Hamiltonian {H=H(p)}. We provide upper and lower estimates of order {1/\\varepsilon^N} on the Kolmogorov {\\varepsilon}-entropy in {W^{1,1}} of the image through the map S t of sets of bounded, compactly supported initial data. Estimates of this type are inspired by a question posed by Lax (Course on Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws. XXVII Scuola Estiva di Fisica Matematica, Ravello, 2002) within the context of conservation laws, and could provide a measure of the order of "resolution" of a numerical method implemented for this equation.
The Hamilton depression scale. Evaluation of objectivity using logistic models.
Bech, P; Allerup, P; Gram, L F; Reisby, N; Rosenberg, R; Jacobsen, O; Nagy, A
1981-03-01
The consistency of the Hamilton Depression Scale (HDS) as a measure of the severity of depressive states has been examined when the scale was used weekly during a trial when imipramine. By use of logistic models (Rasch) the consistency of the HDS has been considered across patient-variables as age, sex, plasma levels of imipramine, and diagnosis. The results showed that the original 17-item HDS was without adequate consistency, i.e. the total score of the sample of items was no one-dimensional measure of depressive states. However, a melancholia subscale of the HDS contained items the total of which can be used to compare patients quantitatively, although in some part of the analysis one of these items showed ceiling effect. It was concluded that the melancholia subscale (containing the items depressed mood, guilt, work and interests, retardation, psychic anxiety, and general somatic symptoms) can form the basis for further improvements in the field of quantitative rating scales for depressive states.
An electromechanical model of neuronal dynamics using Hamilton's principle
Drapaca, Corina S.
2015-01-01
Damage of the brain may be caused by mechanical loads such as penetration, blunt force, shock loading from blast, and by chemical imbalances due to neurological diseases and aging that trigger not only neuronal degeneration but also changes in the mechanical properties of brain tissue. An understanding of the interconnected nature of the electro-chemo-mechanical processes that result in brain damage and ultimately loss of functionality is currently lacking. While modern mathematical models that focus on how to link brain mechanics to its biochemistry are essential in enhancing our understanding of brain science, the lack of experimental data required by these models as well as the complexity of the corresponding computations render these models hard to use in clinical applications. In this paper we propose a unified variational framework for the modeling of neuronal electromechanics. We introduce a constrained Lagrangian formulation that takes into account Newton's law of motion of a linear viscoelastic Kelvin–Voigt solid-state neuron as well as the classic Hodgkin–Huxley equations of the electronic neuron. The system of differential equations describing neuronal electromechanics is obtained by applying Hamilton's principle. Numerical simulations of possible damage dynamics in neurons will be presented. PMID:26236195
New facility in Hamilton to generate electricity from biosolids
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nolan, W. [Liberty Energy, Hamilton, ON (Canada); Thomson, M.; Ahluwalia, J. [Environ EC Canada, Mississauga, ON (Canada)
2009-07-15
Ontario's Green Energy Act was introduced in 2009 to facilitate progress toward greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and to increase the amount of energy produced from renewable energy sources. This article described a technology that can be used to generate electricity from the biosolids that are generated at wastewater treatment plants and pulp and paper mills across Ontario. Liberty Energy Inc. is proposing to build a new renewable energy thermal electric power plant in Hamilton, Ontario. The facility will use waste biomass as fuel consisting of biosolids, or sewage sludge. These materials have traditionally been managed through land filling, land application, or incineration. The use of waste biomass for power generation will provide a long term, sustainable and environmentally friendly method to manage these waste materials. This article reviewed some of the thermal treatment technologies, including fixed hearth, multiple hearth, rotary kilns and fluidized bed reactors. The odour management plan for the facility includes sealed storage of biosolids and indoor receiving of both biosolids and biomass, with all venting to either the gasifier or a biofilter. The exhaust from the gasifier will be treated by selective catalytic and non-catalytic reduction technology, lime slurry wet scrubbers, fabric filters and powdered activated carbon scrubbers. 2 figs.
Value Functions for Certain Class of Hamilton Jacobi Equations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Anup Biswas; Rajib Dutta; Prosenjit Roy
2011-08-01
We consider a class of Hamilton Jacobi equations (in short, HJE) of type $$u_t+\\frac{1}{2}\\left(|u_{x_n}|^2+\\cdots+|u_{x_{n-1}}|^2\\right)+\\frac{e^u}{m}|u_{x_n}|^m=0,$$ in $\\mathbb{R}^n×\\mathbb{R}_+$ and >1, with bounded, Lipschitz continuous initial data. We give a Hopf-Lax type representation for the value function and also characterize the set of minimizing paths. It is shown that the minimizing paths in the representation of value function need not be straight lines. Then we consider HJE with Hamiltonian decreasing in of type $$u_t+H_1(u_{x_1},\\ldots,u_{x_i})+e^{-u}H_2(u_{x_{i+1}},\\ldots,u_{x_n})=0$$ where $H_1,H_2$ are convex, homogeneous of degree $n,m>1$ respectively and the initial data is bounded, Lipschitz continuous. We prove that there exists a unique viscosity solution for this HJE in Lipschitz continuous class. We also give a representation formula for the value function.
An electromechanical model of neuronal dynamics using Hamilton's principle.
Drapaca, Corina S
2015-01-01
Damage of the brain may be caused by mechanical loads such as penetration, blunt force, shock loading from blast, and by chemical imbalances due to neurological diseases and aging that trigger not only neuronal degeneration but also changes in the mechanical properties of brain tissue. An understanding of the interconnected nature of the electro-chemo-mechanical processes that result in brain damage and ultimately loss of functionality is currently lacking. While modern mathematical models that focus on how to link brain mechanics to its biochemistry are essential in enhancing our understanding of brain science, the lack of experimental data required by these models as well as the complexity of the corresponding computations render these models hard to use in clinical applications. In this paper we propose a unified variational framework for the modeling of neuronal electromechanics. We introduce a constrained Lagrangian formulation that takes into account Newton's law of motion of a linear viscoelastic Kelvin-Voigt solid-state neuron as well as the classic Hodgkin-Huxley equations of the electronic neuron. The system of differential equations describing neuronal electromechanics is obtained by applying Hamilton's principle. Numerical simulations of possible damage dynamics in neurons will be presented.
An Electromechanical Model of Neuronal Dynamics using Hamilton's Principle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Corina Stefania Drapaca
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Damage of the brain may be caused by mechanical loads such as penetration, blunt force, shock loading from blast, and by chemical imbalances due to neurological diseases and aging that trigger not only neuronal degeneration but also changes in the mechanical properties of brain tissue. An understanding of the interconnected nature of the electro-chemo-mechanical processes that result in brain damage and ultimately loss of functionality is currently lacking. While modern mathematical models that focus on how to link brain mechanics to its biochemistry are essential in enhancing our understanding of brain science, the lack of experimental data required by these models as well as the complexity of the corresponding computations render these models hard to use in clinical applications. In this paper we propose a unified variational framework for the modeling of neuronal electromechanics. We introduce a constrained Lagrangian formulation that takes into account Newton's law of motion of a linear viscoelastic Kelvin-Voigt solid-state neuron as well as the classic Hodgkin-Huxley equations of the electronic neuron. The system of differential equations describing neuronal electromechanics is obtained by applying Hamilton's principle. Numerical simulations of possible damage dynamics in neurons will be presented.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘道军
2014-01-01
讨论带有Born-Infeld作用量的快子场所驱动的暴涨模型.首先给出了快子暴涨方程的Hamilton-Jacobi形式并且考虑如何去解Hamilton-Jacobi方程;然后讨论快子场的宇宙学扰动给出扰动场的模方程;最后,讨论了一个真实的由弦理论得来的滚动快子模型.
NUMERICAL METHOD BASED ON HAMILTON SYSTEM AND SYMPLECTIC ALGORITHM TO DIFFERENTIAL GAMES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
The resolution of differential games often concerns the difficult problem of two points border value (TPBV), then ascribe linear quadratic differential game to Hamilton system. To Hamilton system, the algorithm of symplectic geometry has the merits of being able to copy the dynamic structure of Hamilton system and keep the measure of phase plane. From the viewpoint of Hamilton system, the symplectic characters of linear quadratic differential game were probed; as a try, Symplectic-Runge-Kutta algorithm was presented for the resolution of infinite horizon linear quadratic differential game. An example of numerical calculation was given, and the result can illuminate the feasibility of this method. At the same time, it embodies the fine conservation characteristics of symplectic algorithm to system energy.
Hamilton-Jacobi method for classical mechanics in Grassmann algebra (in English)
Tabunshchyk, K. V.
We present the Hamilton--Jacobi method for the classical mechanics with the constrains in Grassmann algebra. Within the framework of this method the solution for the classical system characterized by the SUSY Lagrangian is obtained.
Hamilton-Jacobi theorems for regular reducible Hamiltonian systems on a cotangent bundle
Wang, Hong
2017-09-01
In this paper, some of formulations of Hamilton-Jacobi equations for Hamiltonian system and regular reduced Hamiltonian systems are given. At first, an important lemma is proved, and it is a modification for the corresponding result of Abraham and Marsden (1978), such that we can prove two types of geometric Hamilton-Jacobi theorem for a Hamiltonian system on the cotangent bundle of a configuration manifold, by using the symplectic form and dynamical vector field. Then these results are generalized to the regular reducible Hamiltonian system with symmetry and momentum map, by using the reduced symplectic form and the reduced dynamical vector field. The Hamilton-Jacobi theorems are proved and two types of Hamilton-Jacobi equations, for the regular point reduced Hamiltonian system and the regular orbit reduced Hamiltonian system, are obtained. As an application of the theoretical results, the regular point reducible Hamiltonian system on a Lie group is considered, and two types of Lie-Poisson Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the regular point reduced system are given. In particular, the Type I and Type II of Lie-Poisson Hamilton-Jacobi equations for the regular point reduced rigid body and heavy top systems are shown, respectively.
Thomas, Marion
2006-06-01
Robert Yerkes is a pivotal figure in American psychology and primatology in the first half of the twentieth century. As is well known, Yerkes first studied ape intelligence in 1915, on a visit to the private California laboratory of the psychiatrist Gilbert Hamilton, a former student. Less widely appreciated is how far the work done at the Hamilton lab, in its aims and ambitions as well as its techniques, served as a template for much of Yerkes's research thereafter. This paper uses the Hamilton-Yerkes relationship to re-examine Yerkes's career and, more generally, that of American psychology in the early twentieth century. Three points especially are emphasized: first, the role of Freudian psychoanalysis as a spur to Hamilton's experimental studies of ape intelligence; second, the importance of Hamilton's laboratory, with its semi-wild population of monkeys and ape, as a model for Yerkes's efforts to create a laboratory of his own; and third, the influence on Yerkes of Hamilton's optimism about experimental psychological studies of nonhuman primates as a source of lessons beneficial to a troubled human world.
A quantitative test of Hamilton's rule for the evolution of altruism.
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Markus Waibel
2011-05-01
Full Text Available The evolution of altruism is a fundamental and enduring puzzle in biology. In a seminal paper Hamilton showed that altruism can be selected for when rb - c > 0, where c is the fitness cost to the altruist, b is the fitness benefit to the beneficiary, and r is their genetic relatedness. While many studies have provided qualitative support for Hamilton's rule, quantitative tests have not yet been possible due to the difficulty of quantifying the costs and benefits of helping acts. Here we use a simulated system of foraging robots to experimentally manipulate the costs and benefits of helping and determine the conditions under which altruism evolves. By conducting experimental evolution over hundreds of generations of selection in populations with different c/b ratios, we show that Hamilton's rule always accurately predicts the minimum relatedness necessary for altruism to evolve. This high accuracy is remarkable given the presence of pleiotropic and epistatic effects as well as mutations with strong effects on behavior and fitness (effects not directly taken into account in Hamilton's original 1964 rule. In addition to providing the first quantitative test of Hamilton's rule in a system with a complex mapping between genotype and phenotype, these experiments demonstrate the wide applicability of kin selection theory.
UNCONVENTIONAL HAMILTON-TYPE VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR DYNAMICS OF REISSNER SANDWICH PLATE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANG Wei-jiang; LUO En; SHE Hui
2006-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modern dual-complementarity, in a simple and unified way proposed by Luo(1987), some unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for dynamics of Reissner sandwich plate can be established systematically. The unconventional Hamilton-type variation principle can fully characterize the initial-boundary-value problem of this dynamics. In this paper, an important integral relation is given, which can be considered as the generalized principle of virtual work in mechanics. Based on this relation, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of virtual work in dynamics of Reissner sandwich plate, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for five-field, two-field and one-field unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles by the generalized Legender transformations. Furthermore, with this approach, the intrinsic relationship among the various principles can be explained clearly.
Computational method for the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation: one-dimensional scattering problems.
Chou, Chia-Chun; Wyatt, Robert E
2006-12-01
One-dimensional scattering problems are investigated in the framework of the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. First, the pole structure of the quantum momentum function for scattering wave functions is analyzed. The significant differences of the pole structure of this function between scattering wave functions and bound state wave functions are pointed out. An accurate computational method for the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation for general one-dimensional scattering problems is presented to obtain the scattering wave function and the reflection and transmission coefficients. The computational approach is demonstrated by analysis of scattering from a one-dimensional potential barrier. We not only present an alternative approach to the numerical solution of the wave function and the reflection and transmission coefficients but also provide a computational aspect within the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. The method proposed here should be useful for general one-dimensional scattering problems.
Hamilton and Hardy: Mentoring and Friendship in the Service of Occupational Health.
Sullivan, Marianne
This article explores the mentoring relationship between Alice Hamilton and Harriet Hardy, two female physician-researchers who had a tremendous impact on the development of the field of occupational health in the United States during the 20th century. The article relies on letters the women wrote to each other. Hamilton, the elder, supported and furthered Hardy's career by asking her to coauthor the second edition of a seminal occupational health text. After beginning this intellectual collaboration, Hamilton remained a mentor to Hardy, and a decades-long friendship ensued. The article explores their relationship within the historical, political, and social context in which the women worked and made remarkable contributions to public health.
On the Hamilton-Jacobi method in classical and quantum nonconservative systems
Dutra, A. de Souza; Correa, R. A. C.; Moraes, P. H. R. S.
2016-08-01
In this work we show how to complete some Hamilton-Jacobi solutions of linear, nonconservative classical oscillatory systems which appeared in the literature, and we extend these complete solutions to the quantum mechanical case. In addition, we obtain the solution of the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation for an electric charge in an oscillating pulsing magnetic field. We also argue that for the case where a charged particle is under the action of an oscillating magnetic field, one can apply nuclear magnetic resonance techniques in order to find experimental results regarding this problem. We obtain all results analytically, showing that the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism is a powerful tool to describe quantum mechanics.
Glaucoma at the Hamilton Glaucoma Center and the University of California, San Diego
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Robert N. Weinreb
2011-01-01
@@ Known for its unique cross-disciplinary investigative programs and clinical excellence, the scientists and clinicians at the Hamilton Glaucoma Center of the University of California, San Diego seek to enhance the discovery and translation of innovative research to clinical glaucoma care to prevent and cure glaucoma blindness.With state of the art laboratory and clinical facilities located on the La Jolla campus (Figure 1), the Center is a home for a worldrenowned team of scientists and staff.More than 100 post-doctoral fellows in Glaucoma, many of whom hold distinguished academic positions throughout the world, have been trained at the Hamilton Glaucoma Center and the University of California, San Diego.At the core of Hamilton Glaucoma Center activities are the outstanding faculty that are described below.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曹玉松
2013-01-01
从保险公司的角度出发,在投资基金价格服从带漂移的几何布朗运动的假定下,基于Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman理论,给出了使得盈余终值的期望指数效用最大化的比例再保险函数的最优比例,及其各个风险市场的最优投资比例.%From the insurer's point of view,on the assumption that investment fund follows the Geometric Brownian motion,based on the theory of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation,the paper gives the optimal proportion of the proportional reinsurance and the capital amount of each risky investment markets,which can make the expected exponential utility of terminal wealth maximum.
Hawking radiation of Kerr-de Sitter black holes using Hamilton-Jacobi method
Ibungochouba Singh, T.; Ablu Meitei, I.; Yugindro Singh, K.
2013-05-01
Hawking radiation of Kerr-de Sitter black hole is investigated using Hamilton-Jacobi method. When the well-behaved Painleve coordinate system and Eddington coordinate are used, we get the correct result of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy before and after radiation but a direct computation will lead to a wrong result via Hamilton-Jacobi method. Our results show that the tunneling probability is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal but it is consistent with underlying unitary theory.
Respiratory Medicine at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario: 1968 To 2013
Jones, Norman L.; Paul M O’Byrne
2014-01-01
The medical school at McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario) was conceived in 1965 and admitted the first class in 1969. John Evans became the founding Dean and he invited Moran Campbell to be the first Chairman of the Department of Medicine. Moran Campbell, already a world figure in respiratory medicine and physiology, arrived at McMaster in September 1968, and he invited Norman Jones to be Coordinator of the Respiratory Programme.At that time, Hamilton had a population of 300,000, with two...
Obituary: George Hamilton Bowen Jr. (1925-2009)
Willson, Lee Anne; Struck, Curtis
2011-12-01
Our colleague and collaborator George Hamilton Bowen, Jr., passed away November 1, 2009 in Ames, Iowa. George was born June 20, 1925 in Tulsa, Oklahoma to George and Dorothy (Huntington) Bowen. He married Marjorie Brown June 19, 1948 in Redondo Beach, California; they had five children, with eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren at the time of his death. George H. Bowen's third or perhaps his fourth career was in astronomy. He was drafted into the navy in 1944, at the end of his first year as a student at Caltech, and ended his war-time service as an electronic technician on the aircraft carrier Shangri-La. He later said "In just nine months, starting from scratch (Ohm's law!), we learned an amazing amount - not by memorization, of course, but by study and real understanding of the basic function of the most advanced AC circuits then being used for instrumentation, measurements, communications, control systems, and much more." He gained a confidence that he could quickly and accurately diagnose and solve technical problems that stood him well in future work. One accomplishment he took particular pride in was figuring out how the radar control used cams and gears to solve the trigonometry for accurate pointing. He also described how the captain was alarmed when weather conditions changed so that refraction no longer showed them distant, small boats around the curvature of Earth. After the war, George Bowen returned to undergraduate and eventually graduate study at Caltech, where he was recruited to the biophysics research group headed by future Nobel Laureate Max Delbrück. George often described his joy in working with these first-rate scientists and finding himself accepted as a part of the effort. He finished his BS with honors in 1949 and his PhD in 1953 with a thesis on "Kinetic Studies on the Mechanism of Photoreactivation of Bacteriophase T2 Inactivated by Ultraviolet Light" involving work with E Coli. This work was supported by grants from the U
Gupta, Aditya; Kaur, Harpreet
2017-09-01
The Indian major carp, Labeo rohita Hamilton, 1822 is a tropical freshwater cyprinid fish native to inland waters in Asia. Herein, we describe a novel myxozoan forming plasmodia in the gill lamellae of L. rohita from Ranjit Sagar Wetland in Punjab, India. Myxospores were consistent with the genus Myxobolus, round to elliptical in valvular view, lemon shaped in side view with a characteristic protrusion at the anterior end and a round posterior end; length 7.65 ± 0.07 μm, width 4.62 ± 0.09 μm. There were two polar capsules of equal length, pear shaped, length of polar capsule 2.54 ± 0.05 μm, width 1.60 ± 0.02 μm, with 5-6 turns of the polar filament. The 890 bp 18S rDNA sequence was up to 97% similar to M. catlae from other cyprinid fishes in India. In having, unique myxospore morphology and 18S rDNA sequence, we propose Myxobolus holzerae as new to science. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Hamilton Systems of the Compound KdV Equation%组合KdV方程的Hamilton系统
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吕书强; 蔡春; 马青华
2014-01-01
In this article, according to Hamilton Systems of the KdV Equation, and proved Hamilton Systems of the Compound KdV Equation.%本文根据KdV方程的Hamilton系统，构造并证明了组合KdV方程的Hamilton系统。
Gharbi, A.; Touloum, S.; Bouda, A.
2015-04-01
We study the Klein-Gordon equation with noncentral and separable potential under the condition of equal scalar and vector potentials and we obtain the corresponding relativistic quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The application of the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism to the double ring-shaped Kratzer potential leads to its relativistic energy spectrum as well as the corresponding eigenfunctions.
Field, J. H.
2011-01-01
It is shown how the time-dependent Schrodinger equation may be simply derived from the dynamical postulate of Feynman's path integral formulation of quantum mechanics and the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of classical mechanics. Schrodinger's own published derivations of quantum wave equations, the first of which was also based on the Hamilton-Jacobi…
Field, J. H.
2011-01-01
It is shown how the time-dependent Schrodinger equation may be simply derived from the dynamical postulate of Feynman's path integral formulation of quantum mechanics and the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of classical mechanics. Schrodinger's own published derivations of quantum wave equations, the first of which was also based on the Hamilton-Jacobi…
Hamilton decompositions of regular expanders: a proof of Kelly's conjecture for large tournaments
Kühn, Daniela
2012-01-01
A long-standing conjecture of Kelly states that every regular tournament on n vertices can be decomposed into (n-1)/2 edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles. We prove this conjecture for large n. In fact, we prove a far more general result, based on our recent concept of robust expansion and a new method for decomposing graphs. We show that every sufficiently large regular digraph G on n vertices whose degree is linear in n and which is a robust outexpander has a decomposition into edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles. This enables us to obtain numerous further results, e.g. as a special case we confirm a conjecture of Erdos on packing Hamilton cycles in random tournaments. As corollaries to the main result, we also obtain several results on packing Hamilton cycles in undirected graphs, giving e.g. the best known result on a conjecture of Nash-Williams. We also apply our result to solve a problem on the domination ratio of the Asymmetric Travelling Salesman problem, which was raised e.g. by Glover and Punnen as well as Alon,...
Mobile Air Monitoring: Measuring Change in Air Quality in the City of Hamilton, 2005-2010
Adams, Matthew D.; DeLuca, Patrick F.; Corr, Denis; Kanaroglou, Pavlos S.
2012-01-01
This paper examines the change in air pollutant concentrations between 2005 and 2010 occurring in the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. After analysis of stationary air pollutant concentration data, we analyze mobile air pollutant concentration data. Air pollutants included in the analysis are CO, PM[subscript 2.5], SO[subscript 2], NO,…
An optimal L1-minimization algorithm for stationary Hamilton-Jacobi equations
Guermond, Jean-Luc
2009-01-01
We describe an algorithm for solving steady one-dimensional convex-like Hamilton-Jacobi equations using a L1-minimization technique on piecewise linear approximations. For a large class of convex Hamiltonians, the algorithm is proven to be convergent and of optimal complexity whenever the viscosity solution is q-semiconcave. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the performance of the method.
Air Quality in Hamilton: Who Is Concerned? Perceptions from Three Neighbourhoods
Simone, Dylan; Eyles, John; Newbold, K. Bruce; Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison
2012-01-01
This study investigates the factors influencing perceptions of air quality in the industrial city of Hamilton, Canada. The research employs data collected via a telephone survey of 1,002 adult residents in three neighbourhoods. Perceptions in the neighbourhoods were examined by individual socio-demographic factors (age, gender, marital and…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Wei-hua; LUO En; HUANG Wei-jiang
2007-01-01
According to the basic idea of classical yin-yang complementarity and modem dual-complementarity, in a simple and unified new way proposed by Luo, the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles for geometrically nonlinear elastodynamics of orthogonal cable-net structures are established systematically, which can fully characterize the initial-boundary-value problem of this kind of dynamics. An important integral relation is made, which can be considered as the generalized principle of virtual work for geometrically nonlinear dynamics of orthogonal cable-net structures in mechanics. Based on such relationship, it is possible not only to obtain the principle of virtual work for geometrically nonlinear dynamics of orthogonal cable-net structures, but also to derive systematically the complementary functionals for five-field, four-field, three-field and two-field unconventional Hamilton-type variational principles, and the functional for the unconventional Hamilton-type variational principle in phase space and the potential energy functional for one-field unconventional Hamilton-type variational principle for geometrically nonlinear elastodynamics of orthogonal cable-net structures by the generalized Legendre transformation given in this paper. Furthermore, the intrinsic relationship among various principles can be explained clearly with this approach.
Octavia Butler and Virginia Hamilton: Black Women Writers and Science Fiction.
Hampton, Gregory Jerome; Brooks, Wanda M.
2003-01-01
Notes that African American literature has always had science fiction elements in its focus on narratives of the alienated and marginalized "other." Contends that Octavia Butler and Virginia Hamilton are two African American writers of science fiction who examine the connections between the stories of a culture and the genre of science…
Excellent reliability of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21) in Indonesia after training
Istriana, E.; Kurnia, A.; Weijers, A.; Hidayat, T.; Pinxten, W.J.L.; Jong, C.A.J. de; Schellekens, A.F.A.
2013-01-01
Introduction: The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is the most widely used depression rating scale worldwide. Reliability of HDRS has been reported mainly from Western countries. The current study tested the reliability of HDRS ratings among psychiatric residents in Indonesia, before and afte
Hamilton-Jacobi equation and the breaking of the WKB approximation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Canfora, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, GC di Salerno (Italy) and Dipartimento di Fisica E.R. Caianiello, Universita di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Salerno) (Italy)]. E-mail: canfora@sa.infn.it
2005-03-17
A simple method to deal with four-dimensional Hamilton-Jacobi equation for null hypersurfaces is introduced. This method allows to find simple geometrical conditions which give rise to the failure of the WKB approximation on curved spacetimes. The relation between such failure, extreme blackholes and the Cosmic Censor hypothesis is briefly discussed.
And Others; Gilmartin, Harvey
1979-01-01
Presented is a form of Hamilton's principle for classical mechanics appropriate to the study of arbitrary self-sustained vibrations in one dimension. It is applied as an approximate computational tool to the study of several examples of anharmonic oscillation. (Author/GA)
Helping in cooperatively breeding long-tailed tits: a test of Hamilton's rule.
Hatchwell, Ben J; Gullett, Philippa R; Adams, Mark J
2014-05-19
Inclusive fitness theory provides the conceptual framework for our current understanding of social evolution, and empirical studies suggest that kin selection is a critical process in the evolution of animal sociality. A key prediction of inclusive fitness theory is that altruistic behaviour evolves when the costs incurred by an altruist (c) are outweighed by the benefit to the recipient (b), weighted by the relatedness of altruist to recipient (r), i.e. Hamilton's rule rb > c. Despite its central importance in social evolution theory, there have been relatively few empirical tests of Hamilton's rule, and hardly any among cooperatively breeding vertebrates, leading some authors to question its utility. Here, we use data from a long-term study of cooperatively breeding long-tailed tits Aegithalos caudatus to examine whether helping behaviour satisfies Hamilton's condition for the evolution of altruism. We show that helpers are altruistic because they incur survival costs through the provision of alloparental care for offspring. However, they also accrue substantial benefits through increased survival of related breeders and offspring, and despite the low average relatedness of helpers to recipients, these benefits of helping outweigh the costs incurred. We conclude that Hamilton's rule for the evolution of altruistic helping behaviour is satisfied in this species.
Light Rail Transit in Hamilton: Health, Environmental and Economic Impact Analysis
Topalovic, P.; Carter, J.; Topalovic, M.; Krantzberg, G.
2012-01-01
Hamilton's historical roots as an electric, industrial and transportation-oriented city provide it with a high potential for rapid transit, especially when combined with its growing population, developing economy, redeveloping downtown core and its plans for sustainable growth. This paper explores the health, environmental, social and economic…
Two-item discrimination and Hamilton search learning in infant pigtailed macaque monkeys
Ha, J.C.; Mandell, D.J.; Gray, J.
2011-01-01
This study investigated how infant pigtailed macaque monkeys performed on two separate learning assessments, two-object discrimination/reversal and Hamilton search learning. Although the learning tasks have been tested on several species, including non-human primates, there have been no normative
Perceptions of Quality Life in Hamilton's Neighbourhood Hubs: A Qualitative Analysis
Eby, Jeanette; Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison
2012-01-01
This paper examines perceptions of quality of life in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada from the perspective of residents and key community stakeholders. A series of eight focus groups were conducted. Six sessions were held with residents of neighbourhood "hubs", areas characterized by high levels of poverty. The following themes were highlighted as…
Perceptions of Quality Life in Hamilton's Neighbourhood Hubs: A Qualitative Analysis
Eby, Jeanette; Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison
2012-01-01
This paper examines perceptions of quality of life in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada from the perspective of residents and key community stakeholders. A series of eight focus groups were conducted. Six sessions were held with residents of neighbourhood "hubs", areas characterized by high levels of poverty. The following themes were…
Deformed Hamilton-Jacobi Method in Covariant Quantum Gravity Effective Models
Benrong, Mu; Yang, Haitang
2014-01-01
We first briefly revisit the original Hamilton-Jacobi method and show that the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the action $I$ of tunnelings of a fermionic particle from a charged black hole can be written in the same form as that of a scalar particle. For the low energy quantum gravity effective models which respect covariance of the curved spacetime, we derive the deformed model-independent KG/Dirac and Hamilton-Jacobi equations using the methods of effective field theory. We then find that, to all orders of the effective theories, the deformed Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be obtained from the original ones by simply replacing the mass of emitted particles $m$ with a parameter $m_{eff}$ that includes all the quantum gravity corrections. Therefore, in this scenario, there will be no corrections to the Hawking temperature of a black hole from the quantum gravity effects if its original Hawking temperature is independent of the mass of emitted particles. As a consequence, our results show that breaking covariance...
Angel, V.; Garvey, A.; Sydor, M.
2017-08-01
In the face of changing economies and patterns of development, the definition of heritage is diversifying, and the role of inventories in local heritage planning is coming to the fore. The Durand neighbourhood is a layered and complex area located in inner-city Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and the second subject area in a set of pilot inventory studies to develop a new city-wide inventory strategy for the City of Hamilton,. This paper presents an innovative digital workflow developed to undertake the Durand Built Heritage Inventory project. An online database was developed to be at the centre of all processes, including digital documentation, record management, analysis and variable outputs. Digital tools were employed for survey work in the field and analytical work in the office, resulting in a GIS-based dataset that can be integrated into Hamilton's larger municipal planning system. Together with digital mapping and digitized historical resources, the Durand database has been leveraged to produce both digital and static outputs to shape recommendations for the protection of Hamilton's heritage resources.
Octavia Butler and Virginia Hamilton: Black Women Writers and Science Fiction.
Hampton, Gregory Jerome; Brooks, Wanda M.
2003-01-01
Notes that African American literature has always had science fiction elements in its focus on narratives of the alienated and marginalized "other." Contends that Octavia Butler and Virginia Hamilton are two African American writers of science fiction who examine the connections between the stories of a culture and the genre of science fiction.…
On the convergence rate of operator splitting for Hamilton-Jacobi equations with source terms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jakobsen, Espen R.; Karlsen, Kenneth H.; Risebro, Nils Henrik
2000-02-01
We establish a rate of convergence for a semi-discrete operator splitting method applied to Hamilton-Jacobi equations with source terms. The method is based on sequentially solving a Hamilton-Jacobi equation and an ordinary differential equation. The Hamilton-Jacobi equation is solved exactly while the ordinary differential equation is solved exactly or by an explicit Euler method. We prove that the L{sup {infinity}} error associated with the operator splitting method is bounded by O({delta}t), where {delta}t is the splitting (or time) step. This error bound is an improvement over the existing O((sqroot)({delta}t)) bound due to Souganidis [40]. In the one dimensional case, we present a fully discrete splitting method based on an unconditionally stable front tracking method for homogenuous Hamilton-Jacobi equations. It is proved that this fully discrete splitting method possesses a linear convergence rate. Moreover, numerical results are presented to illustrate the theoreticle convergence results. (author)
Air Quality in Hamilton: Who Is Concerned? Perceptions from Three Neighbourhoods
Simone, Dylan; Eyles, John; Newbold, K. Bruce; Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison
2012-01-01
This study investigates the factors influencing perceptions of air quality in the industrial city of Hamilton, Canada. The research employs data collected via a telephone survey of 1,002 adult residents in three neighbourhoods. Perceptions in the neighbourhoods were examined by individual socio-demographic factors (age, gender, marital and…
Two-item discrimination and Hamilton search learning in infant pigtailed macaque monkeys
Ha, J.C.; Mandell, D.J.; Gray, J.
2011-01-01
This study investigated how infant pigtailed macaque monkeys performed on two separate learning assessments, two-object discrimination/reversal and Hamilton search learning. Although the learning tasks have been tested on several species, including non-human primates, there have been no normative re
Enhanced Preliminary Assessment. Task Order 2. Hamilton Army Airfield, Novato, California
1990-01-01
that Novato and San Rafael will likely continue to be the population centers of the county. 2.4.2 CIUMATE Hamilton Army Airfield is located...Sacramento Reserve Center (2) Modesto Reserve Center (1) San Pablo Reserve Center (2) Concord Reserve Center (4) Santa Rosa Reserve Center (4) A-7 -4 - IEI
Swenson, Sarah A
2015-02-01
W.D. Hamilton's theory of inclusive fitness aimed to define the evolved limits of altruism with mathematical precision. Although it was meant to apply universally, it has been almost irretrievably entwined with the particular case of social insects that featured in his famous 1964 papers. The assumption that social insects were central to Hamilton's early work contradicts material in his rich personal archive. In fact, careful study of Hamilton's notes, letters, diaries, and early essays indicates the extent to which he had humans in mind when he decided altruism was a topic worthy of biological inquiry. For this reason, this article reconsiders the role of extra-scientific factors in Hamilton's early theorizing. In doing so, it offers an alternative perspective as to why Hamilton saw self-sacrifice to be an important subject. Although the traditional narrative prioritizes his distaste for benefit-of-the-species explanations as a motivating factor behind his foundational work, I argue that greater attention ought to be given to Hamilton's hope that science could be used to address social ills. By reconsidering the meaning Hamilton intended inclusive fitness to have, we see that while he was no political ideologue, the socio-political relevance of his theory was nevertheless integral to its development.
Yang, Shu-Zheng; Feng, Zhong-Wen; Li, Hui-Ling
2017-02-01
We derive the Hamilton-Jacobi equation from the Dirac equation, then, with the help of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, the the tunneling radiation behavior of the non-stationary spherical symmetry de Sitter black hole is discussed, at last, we obtained the tunneling rate and Hawking temperature. Our results showed that the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is a fundamental dynamic equation, it can widely be derived from the dynamic equations which describe the particles with any spin. Therefore, people can easy calculate the tunneling behavior from the black holes.
A Practical Approach to the Hamilton-Jacobi Formulation of Holographic Renormalization
Elvang, Henriette
2016-01-01
We revisit the subject of holographic renormalization for asymptotically AdS spacetimes. For many applications of holography, one has to handle the divergences associated with the on-shell gravitational action. The brute force approach uses the Fefferman-Graham (FG) expansion near the AdS boundary to identify the divergences, but subsequent reversal of the expansion is needed to construct the infinite counterterms. While in principle straightforward, the method is cumbersome and application/reversal of FG is formally unsatisfactory. Various authors have proposed an alternative method based on the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. However, this approach may appear to be abstract, difficult to implement, and in some cases limited in applicability. In this paper, we clarify the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of holographic renormalization and present a simple algorithm for its implementation to extract cleanly the infinite counterterms. While the derivation of the method relies on the Hamiltonian formulation of general rel...
Generalisations of Hamilton's Rule Applied to Non-Additive Public Goods Games with Random Group Size
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
James A R Marshall
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Inclusive fitness theory has been described as being limited to certain special cases of social evolution. In particular some authors argue that the theory can only be applied to social interactions having additive fitness effects, and involving only pairs of individuals. This article takes an elegant formulation of non-additive public goods games from the literature, and shows how the two main generalisations of Hamilton's rule can be applied to such games when group sizes are random. In doing so inclusive fitness theory is thus applied to a very general class of social dilemmas, thereby providing further evidence for its generality. Interestingly, one of the two predominant versions of Hamilton's rule is found to be mathematically easier to apply to the scenario considered, despite both necessarily giving equivalent predictions.
Fleck, Marcelo Pio de Almeida; Chaves, Márcia Lorena Fagundes; Poirier-Littré, Marie France; Bourdel, Marie Chantal; Loo, Henri; Guelfi, Julien Daniel
2004-02-01
Among various research strategies for depression, the cross-cultural approach is a useful tool to investigate depressive disorders. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression was applied to 130 depressed inpatients in France and Brazil. Items were factorized by principal component analysis with Varimax rotation using the Kaiser or simulation method for factor sorting. Three factors were obtained in France, and four in Brazil. The first factor includes the core symptoms of depression in both samples. Qualitative and quantitative differences appeared in the anxiety factor between Brazilian and French samples. Insomnia items appeared as another factor for both groups. A limitation of this study is that it was conducted with small inpatient samples. Principal component analysis of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression for depressive inpatients in these two countries showed a similar structure. Differences observed were in the way anxiety items were distributed.
图的谱半径和Hamilton性%Spectral radius and Hamiltonicity of a graph
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
朱五华
2011-01-01
从图G的闭包理论角度去研究图的Hamilton性。利用图的补图谱半径的界，讨论了Hamilton图存在的谱条件，证明了n阶图G，如果它的补图的谱半径小于或等于（n-3）的算术平方根，则G是Hamilton图。%The Hamihonicity is studied from the closure theory of a graph G. We discuss some spectral conditions for the existence of Hamilton graph by using bounds of spectral radius of the Complement of a graph, and show that if G is a graph of order n with spectral radius of its complement is less than or equal to the arithmetic square root of （ n - 3） , then G is a Hamilton graph.
The Wasserstein geometry of nonlinear σ models and the Hamilton-Perelman Ricci flow
Carfora, Mauro
Nonlinear sigma models are quantum field theories describing, in the large deviation sense, random fluctuations of harmonic maps between a Riemann surface and a Riemannian manifold. Via their formal renormalization group analysis, they provide a framework for possible generalizations of the Hamilton-Perelman Ricci flow. By exploiting the heat kernel embedding introduced by Gigli and Mantegazza, we show that the Wasserstein geometry of the space of probability measures over Riemannian metric measure spaces provides a natural setting for discussing the relation between nonlinear sigma models and Ricci flow theory. In particular, we analyze the embedding of Ricci flow into a heat kernel renormalization group flow for dilatonic nonlinear sigma models, and characterize a non-trivial generalization of the Hamilton-Perelman version of the Ricci flow. We discuss in detail the monotonicity and gradient flow properties of this extended flow.
Computational method for the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation: bound states in one dimension.
Chou, Chia-Chun; Wyatt, Robert E
2006-11-07
An accurate computational method for the one-dimensional quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation is presented. The Mobius propagation scheme, which can accurately pass through singularities, is used to numerically integrate the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the quantum momentum function. Bound state wave functions are then synthesized from the phase integral using the antithetic cancellation technique. Through this procedure, not only the quantum momentum functions but also the wave functions are accurately obtained. This computational approach is demonstrated through two solvable examples: the harmonic oscillator and the Morse potential. The excellent agreement between the computational and the exact analytical results shows that the method proposed here may be useful for solving similar quantum mechanical problems.
Relations between low-lying quantum wave functions and solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation
Friedberg, R; Zhao Wei Qin
1999-01-01
We discuss a new relation between the low lying Schroedinger wave function of a particle in a one-dimentional potential V and the solution of the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi equation with -V as its potential. The function V is $\\geq 0$, and can have several minina (V=0). We assume the problem to be characterized by a small anhamornicity parameter $g^{-1}$ and a much smaller quantum tunneling parameter $\\epsilon$ between these different minima. Expanding either the wave function or its energy as a formal double power series in $g^{-1}$ and $\\epsilon$, we show how the coefficients of $g^{-m}\\epsilon^n$ in such an expansion can be expressed in terms of definite integrals, with leading order term determined by the classical solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. A detailed analysis is given for the particular example of quartic potential $V={1/2}g^2(x^2-a^2)^2$.
Superluminal Neutrinos and a Curious Phenomenon in the Relativistic Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi Equation
Matone, Marco
2011-01-01
OPERA's results, if confirmed, pose the question of superluminal neutrinos. We investigate the kinematics defined by the quantum version of the relativistic Hamilton-Jacobi equation, i.e. E^2=p^2c^2+m^2c^4+2mQc^2, with Q the quantum potential of the free particle. The key point is that the quantum version of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is a third-order differential equation, so that it has integration constants which are missing in the Schr\\"odinger and Klein-Gordon equations. In particular, a non-vanishing imaginary part of an integration constant leads to a quantum correction to the expression of the velocity which is curiously in agreement with OPERA's results.
Conformal invariance, Noether symmetry, Lie symmetry and conserved quantities of Hamilton systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chen Rong; Xu Xue-Jun
2012-01-01
In this paper,the relation of the conformal invariance,the Noether symmetry,and the Lie symmetry for the Hamilton system is discussed in detail. The definition of the conformal invariance for Hamilton systems is given.The relation between the conformal invariance and the Noether symmetry is discussed,the conformal factors of the determining expressions are found by using the Noether symmetry,and the Noether conserved quantity resulted from the conformal invariance is obtained.The relation between the conformal invariance and the Lie symmetry is discussed,the conformal factors are found by using the Lie symmetry,and the Hojman conserved quantity resulted from the conformal invariance of the system is obtained.Two examples are given to illustrate the application of the results.
Deriving the Hamilton equations of motion for a nonconservative system using a variational principle
Tveter, Frank Thomas
1998-03-01
The classical derivation of the canonical transformation theory [H. Goldstein, Classical Mechanics, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1981)] is based on Hamilton's principle which is only valid for conservative systems. This paper avoids this principle by using an approach that is basically reversed compared to the classical derivation. The Lagrange equations of motion are formulated in the undefined and general variable set {Q,P}, and the general Hamilton equations of motion are derived from the Lagrange equations by using a variational principle. The undefined general variables {Q,P} are defined through a transformation to a special (defined) variable set {q,p}. The transformation equations connecting the two sets are derived by using the invariants property of the value of the Lagrangian. This approach results in a more general interpretation of the generator function.
Large time behavior of weakly coupled systems of first-order Hamilton-Jacobi equations
Camilli, Fabio; Loreti, Paola; Nguyen, Vinh Duc
2011-01-01
We show a large time behavior result for class of weakly coupled systems of first-order Hamilton-Jacobi equations in the periodic setting. We use a PDE approach to extend the convergence result proved by Namah and Roquejoffre (1999) in the scalar case. Our proof is based on new comparison, existence and regularity results for systems. An interpretation of the solution of the system in terms of an optimal control problem with switching is given.
Bound States and Band Structure - a Unified Treatment through the Quantum Hamilton - Jacobi Approach
Ranjani, S S; Panigrahi, P K
2005-01-01
We analyze the Scarf potential, which exhibits both discrete energy bound states and energy bands, through the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi approach. The singularity structure and the boundary conditions in the above approach, naturally isolate the bound and periodic states, once the problem is mapped to the zero energy sector of another quasi-exactly solvable quantum problem. The energy eigenvalues are obtained without having to solve for the corresponding eigenfunctions explicitly. We also demonstrate how to find the eigenfunctions through this method.
Perturbation to Unified Symmetry and Adiabatic Invariants for Relativistic Hamilton Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Ming-Jiang; FANG Jian-Hui; LU Kai; PANG Ting; LIN Peng
2009-01-01
Based on the concept of adiabatic invariant, the perturbation to unified symmetry and adiabatic invariants for relativistic Hamilton systems are studied. The definition of the perturbation to unified symmetry for the system is presented, and the criterion of the perturbation to unified symmetry is given. Meanwhile, the Noether adiabatic invariants, the generalized Hojman adiabatic invariants, and the Mei adiabatic invariants for the perturbed system are obtained.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Yu-Sheng; ZHANG Xiao-Ni; YUAN Bao-He; FANG Jian-Hui; YANG Guo-Hong; LIN Peng; PANG Ting
2008-01-01
Based on the concept of higher-order adiabatic invariants of mechanical system with action of a small perturbation, the perturbation to Lie symmetry and generalized Hojman adiabatic invariants for the relativistic Hamilton system are studied. Perturbation to Lie symmetry is discussed under general infinitesimal transformation of groups in which time is variable. The form and the criterion of generalized Hojman adiabatic invariants for this system are obtained. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the results.
A Discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Method for Hamilton-Jacobi Equations
Hu, Changqing; Shu, Chi-Wang
1998-01-01
In this paper, we present a discontinuous Galerkin finite element method for solving the nonlinear Hamilton-Jacobi equations. This method is based on the Runge-Kutta discontinuous Galerkin finite element method for solving conservation laws. The method has the flexibility of treating complicated geometry by using arbitrary triangulation, can achieve high order accuracy with a local, compact stencil, and are suited for efficient parallel implementation. One and two dimensional numerical examples are given to illustrate the capability of the method.
A Large Deviation, Hamilton-Jacobi Equation Approach to a Statistical Theory for Turbulence
2012-09-03
and its associated compressible Euler equations, Comptes Rendus Mathematique , (09 2011): 973. doi: 10.1016/j.crma.2011.08.013 2012/09/03 14:17:15 6...Hamilton-Jacobi PDE is shown to be well-posed. (joint work with T Nguyen, Journal de Mathematique Pures et Appliquees). Future works focusing on large time behavior for such equations is currently under its way. Technology Transfer
Hamilton dynamics for the Lefschetz thimble integration akin to the complex Langevin method
Fukushima, Kenji
2015-01-01
The Lefschetz thimble method, i.e., the integration along the steepest descent cycles, is an idea to evade the sign problem by complexifying the theory. We discuss that such steepest descent cycles can be identified as ground-state wave-functions of a supersymmetric Hamilton dynamics, which is described with a framework akin to the complex Langevin method. We numerically construct the wave-functions on a grid using a toy model and confirm their well-localized behavior.
Grajevskaja, Viktorija
2017-01-01
Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) is a powerful vertebrate model system, which provides a unique combination of advantages that are important for an investigation of cardiovascular development and regeneration. However, conditional mutagenesis, which is essential for dissecting a role of developmental genes in regeneration, has not been demonstrated in the adult zebrafish. This remains a main disadvantage of D. rerio model system. The main aim of this research project was to use insertional ge...
On the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation by the Homotopy Perturbation Method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abdon Atangana
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Our concern in this paper is to use the homotopy decomposition method to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation (HJB. The approach is obviously extremely well organized and is an influential procedure in obtaining the solutions of the equations. We portrayed particular compensations that this technique has over the prevailing approaches. We presented that the complexity of the homotopy decomposition method is of order O(n. Furthermore, three explanatory examples established good outcomes and comparisons with exact solution.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fu Jing-Li; Chen Li-Qun; Chen Xian-Wei
2006-01-01
This paper investigates the momentum-dependent symmetries for nonholonomic nonconservative Hamilton canonical systems. The definition and determining equations of the momentum-dependent symmetries are presented, based on the invariance of differential equations under infinitesimal transformations with respect to the generalized coordinates and generalized momentums. The structure equation and the non-Noether conserved quantities of the systems are obtained. The inverse issues associated with the momentum-dependent symmetries are discussed. Finally, an example is discussed to further illustrate the applications.
Adaptive dynamics via Hamilton-Jacobi approach and entropy methods for a juvenile-adult model.
Carrillo, José Antonio; Cuadrado, Sílvia; Perthame, Benoît
2007-01-01
We consider a nonlinear system describing a juvenile-adult population undergoing small mutations. We analyze two aspects: from a mathematical point of view, we use an entropy method to prove that the population neither goes extinct nor blows-up; from an adaptive evolution point of view, we consider small mutations on a long time scale and study how a monomorphic or a dimorphic initial population evolves towards an Evolutionarily Stable State. Our method relies on an asymptotic analysis based on a constrained Hamilton-Jacobi equation. It allows to recover earlier predictions in Calsina and Cuadrado [A. Calsina, S. Cuadrado, Small mutation rate and evolutionarily stable strategies in infinite dimensional adaptive dynamics, J. Math. Biol. 48 (2004) 135; A. Calsina, S. Cuadrado, Stationary solutions of a selection mutation model: the pure mutation case, Math. Mod. Meth. Appl. Sci. 15(7) (2005) 1091.] that we also assert by direct numerical simulation. One of the interests here is to show that the Hamilton-Jacobi approach initiated in Diekmann et al. [O. Diekmann, P.-E. Jabin, S. Mischler, B. Perthame, The dynamics of adaptation: an illuminating example and a Hamilton-Jacobi approach, Theor. Popul. Biol. 67(4) (2005) 257.] extends to populations described by systems.
Chou, Chia-Chun
2014-03-14
The complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation-Bohmian trajectories (CQHJE-BT) method is introduced as a synthetic trajectory method for integrating the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the complex action function by propagating an ensemble of real-valued correlated Bohmian trajectories. Substituting the wave function expressed in exponential form in terms of the complex action into the time-dependent Schrödinger equation yields the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We transform this equation into the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian version with the grid velocity matching the flow velocity of the probability fluid. The resulting equation describing the rate of change in the complex action transported along Bohmian trajectories is simultaneously integrated with the guidance equation for Bohmian trajectories, and the time-dependent wave function is readily synthesized. The spatial derivatives of the complex action required for the integration scheme are obtained by solving one moving least squares matrix equation. In addition, the method is applied to the photodissociation of NOCl. The photodissociation dynamics of NOCl can be accurately described by propagating a small ensemble of trajectories. This study demonstrates that the CQHJE-BT method combines the considerable advantages of both the real and the complex quantum trajectory methods previously developed for wave packet dynamics.
Schmid, L. A.
1977-01-01
The first and second variations are calculated for the irreducible form of Hamilton's Principle that involves the minimum number of dependent variables necessary to describe the kinetmatics and thermodynamics of inviscid, compressible, baroclinic flow in a specified gravitational field. The form of the second variation shows that, in the neighborhood of a stationary point that corresponds to physically stable flow, the action integral is a complex saddle surface in parameter space. There exists a form of Hamilton's Principle for which a direct solution of a flow problem is possible. This second form is related to the first by a Friedrichs transformation of the thermodynamic variables. This introduces an extra dependent variable, but the first and second variations are shown to have direct physical significance, namely they are equal to the free energy of fluctuations about the equilibrium flow that satisfies the equations of motion. If this equilibrium flow is physically stable, and if a very weak second order integral constraint on the correlation between the fluctuations of otherwise independent variables is satisfied, then the second variation of the action integral for this free energy form of Hamilton's Principle is positive-definite, so the action integral is a minimum, and can serve as the basis for a direct trail and error solution. The second order integral constraint states that the unavailable energy must be maximum at equilibrium, i.e. the fluctuations must be so correlated as to produce a second order decrease in the total unavailable energy.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
程晓良; 徐渊辑; 孟炳泉
2005-01-01
An algorithm for numerical solution of discrete Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations is proposed.The method begins with a suitable initial guess value of the solution,then finds a suitable matrix to linearize the system and constructs an iteration algorithm to generate the monotone sequence.The convergence of the algorithm for nonlinear discrete Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations is proved.Some numerical examples are presented to confirm the effciency of this algorithm.
Ghosh, Esha; Rangan, C Pandu
2011-01-01
Hamiltonicity is an important property in parallel and distributed computation. Existence of Hamiltonian cycle allows efficient emulation of distributed algorithms on a network wherever such algorithm exists for linear-array and ring, and can ensure deadlock freedom in some routing algorithms in hierarchical interconnection networks. Hamiltonicity can also be used for construction of independent spanning tree and leads to designing fault tolerant protocols. Optical Transpose Interconnection Systems or OTIS (also referred to as two-level swapped network) is a widely studied interconnection network topology which is popular due to high degree of scalability, regularity, modularity and package ability. Surprisingly, to our knowledge, only one strong result is known regarding Hamiltonicity of OTIS - showing that OTIS graph built of Hamiltonian base graphs are Hamiltonian. In this work we consider Hamiltonicity of OTIS networks, built on Non-Hamiltonian base and answer some important questions. First, we prove tha...
Kant, Rajni; Haq, S; Srivastava, H C; Sharma, V P
2013-03-01
Mosquito control with the use of insecticides is faced with the challenges of insecticide resistance in disease vectors, community refusal, their high cost, operational difficulties, and environmental concern. In view of this, integrated vector control strategies with the use of larvivorous fishes such as Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) and Gambusia (G. affinis) as biological control agents were used in controlling mosquito breeding in different types of breeding places such as intradomestic containers, various types of wells, rice-fields, pools, ponds and elsewhere in malaria prone rural areas of central Gujarat. Attempts were also made to demonstrate composite fish culture in unused abandoned village ponds by culturing Guppy along with the food fishes such as Rohu (Labeo rohita), Catla (Catla catla) and Mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala). Income generated from these ponds through sale of fishes was utilized for mosquito control and village development. The technology was later adopted by the villagers themselves and food fish culture was practised in 23 ponds which generated an income of Rs 1,02,50,992 between 1985 and 2008. The number of villages increased from 13 to 23 in 2008 and there was also gradual increase of income from Rs 3,66,245 in 1985-90 to Rs 55,06,127 in 2002-08 block. It is concluded that larvivorous fishes can be useful tool in controlling mosquito breeding in certain situations and their use along with composite fish culture may also generate income to make the programme self-sustainable.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rajni Kant
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Mosquito control with the use of insecticides is faced with the challenges of insecticide resistance in disease vectors, community refusal, their high cost, operational difficulties, and environmental concern. In view of this, integrated vector control strategies with the use of larvivorous fishes such as Guppy (Poecilia reticulata and Gambusia (G. affinis as biological control agents were used in controlling mosquito breeding in different types of breeding places such as intradomestic containers, various types of wells, rice-fields, pools, ponds and elsewhere in malaria prone rural areas of central Gujarat. Attempts were also made to demonstrate composite fish culture in unused abandoned village ponds by culturing Guppy along with the food fishes such as Rohu (Labeo rohita, Catla (Catla catla and Mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala. Income generated from these ponds through sale of fishes was utilized for mosquito control and village development. The technology was later adopted by the villagers themselves and food fish culture was practised in 23 ponds which generated an income of Rs 1,02,50,992 between 1985 and 2008. The number of villages increased from 13 to 23 in 2008 and there was also gradual increase of income from Rs 3,66,245 in 1985-90 to Rs 55,06,127 in 2002-08 block. It is concluded that larvivorous fishes can be useful tool in controlling mosquito breeding in certain situations and their use along with composite fish culture may also generate income to make the programme self-sustainable.
Viscosity solutions of two classes of coupled Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Başar Tamer
2001-01-01
Full Text Available This paper studies viscosity solutions of two sets of linearly coupled Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB equations (one for finite horizon and the other one for infinite horizon which arise in the optimal control of nonlinear piecewise deterministic systems where the controls could be unbounded. The controls enter through the system dynamics as well as the transitions for the underlying Markov chain process, and are allowed to depend on both the continuous state and the current state of the Markov chain. The paper establishes the existence and uniqueness of viscosity solutions for these two sets of HJB equations, whose Hamiltonian structures are different from the standard ones.
Code Red: Explaining Average Age of Death in the City of Hamilton
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Patrick F. DeLuca
2015-11-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the underlying factors that explain the average age of death in the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, as identified in the Code Red Series of articles that were published in the city's local newspaper in 2010. Using a combination of data from the Canadian Census, the Government of Ontario and the Canadian Institute for Health Information, factor analysis was performed yielding three factors relating to poverty, working class, and health and aging. In a regression analysis these factors account for 42% of the total variability in the average ages of death observed at the census tract level of geography within the city.
基于DNA计算的Hamilton图%Hamilton Graph Based on DNA Computing
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张家秀
2004-01-01
DNA computing is a novel method for solving a class of intractable computational problem,in which the computing can grow exponentially with problem size.Up to now,many accomplishments have been achieved to improve its performance and increase its reliability.Hamilton Graph Problem has been solved by means of molecular biology techniques.A small graph was encoded in molecules of DNA,and the "operations" of the computation were performed with standard protocols and enzymes.This work represents further evidence for the ability of DNA computing to solve NP-complete search problems.
MODERNOS Y MILITANTES. California a través de Harwell Hamilton Harris y Gordon Drake
PARRA MARTINEZ, JOSE
2013-01-01
A través del establecimiento de una genealogía moderna que recorre tres generaciones de arquitectos californianos entre mediados de los años 20 y finales de los años 40, desde Richard Neutra a Gordon Drake pasando por Harwell Hamilton Harris, esta tesis aborda el modo en que estos autores entendieron y expresaron su particular vinculación con el medio físico y el paisaje creativo del Sur de California. El análisis de las obras donde estos arquitectos coincidieron en su condición de discípulos...
Hamilton formalism and Noether symmetry for mechanico-electrical systems with fractional derivatives
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Shi-Hua; Chen Ben-Yong; Fu Jing-Li
2012-01-01
This paper presents extensions to the traditional calculus of variations for mechanico-electrical systems containing fractional derivatives.The Euler-Lagrange equations and the Hamilton formalism of the mechanico-electrical systems with fractional derivatives are established.The definition and the criteria for the fractional generalized Noether quasisymmetry are presented. Furthermore,the fractional Noether theorem and conseved quantities of the systems are obtained by virtue of the invariance of the Hamiltonian action under the infinitesimal transformations.An example is presented to illustrate the application of the results.
Scalar particles emission from black holes with topological defects using Hamilton-Jacobi method
Jusufi, Kimet
2015-01-01
We study quantum tunneling of charged and uncharged scalar particles from the event horizon of Schwarzschild-de Sitter and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m-de Sitter black holes pierced by an infinitely long spinning cosmic string and a global monopole. In order to find the Hawking temperature and the tunneling probability we solve the Klein-Gordon equation by using the Hamilton-Jacobi method and WKB approximation. We show that Hawking temperature is independent of the presence of topological defects in both cases.
On the Connection between the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman and the Fokker-Planck Control Frameworks
Annunziato, Mario
2014-09-01
In the framework of stochastic processes, the connection between the dynamic programming scheme given by the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation and a recently proposed control approach based on the Fokker-Planck equation is discussed. Under appropriate assumptions it is shown that the two strategies are equivalent in the case of expected cost functionals, while the FokkerPlanck formalism allows considering a larger class of objectives. To illustrate the connection between the two control strategies, the cases of an Itō stochastic process and of a piecewise-deterministic process are considered.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
MacDonald, B.L., E-mail: macdonbl@mcmaster.ca [McMaster Univ., Dept. of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Vanderstelt, J., E-mail: joshv@nray.ca [Nray Services Inc., Dundas, Ontario (Canada)
2015-03-15
Non-destructive analytical techniques are becoming increasingly important for the study of objects of cultural heritage interest. We present a study that applied two techniques: x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and neutron radiography, for the investigation of a time capsule recovered from an urban construction site in Gore Park, Hamilton. XRF analysis revealed the composition of the artifact, while n-radiography showed that its contents remained intact after being interred for 91 years. Results of this study demonstrate the value of non-destructive techniques for the analysis and preservation of cultural heritage. (author)
Park, Chandeok
This dissertation presents a general methodology for solving the optimal feedback control problem in the context of Hamiltonian system theory. It is first formulated as a two point boundary value problem for a standard Hamiltonian system, and the associated phase flow is viewed as a canonical transformation. Then relying on the Hamilton-Jacobi theory, we employ generating functions to develop a unified methodology for solving a variety of optimal feedback control formulations with general types of boundary conditions. The major accomplishment is to establish a theoretical connection between the optimal cost function and a special kind of generating function. Guided by this recognition, we are ultimately led to a new flexible representation of the optimal feedback control law for a given system, which is adjustable to various types of boundary conditions by algebraic conversions and partial differentiations. This adaptive property provides a substantial advantage over the classical dynamic programming method in the sense that we do not need to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation repetitively for varying types of boundary conditions. Furthermore for a special type of boundary condition, it also enables us to work around an inherent singularity of the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation by a special algebraic transformation. Taking full advantage of these theoretical insights, we develop a systematic algorithm for solving a class of optimal feedback control problems represented by smooth analytic Hamiltonians, and apply it to problems with different characteristics. Then, broadening the practical utility of generating functions for problems where the relevant Hamiltonian is non-smooth, we construct a pair of Cauchy problems from the associated Hamilton-Jacobi equations. This alternative formulation is justified by solving problems with control constraints which usually feature non-smoothness in the control logic. The main result of this research establishes that
On a Hamilton-Poisson Approach of the Maxwell-Bloch Equations with a Control
Lăzureanu, Cristian
2017-09-01
In this paper we consider the 3D real-valued Maxwell-Bloch equations with a parametric control given by \\dot {x}=y+az+byz,\\dot {y}=xz,\\dot {z}=-xy (a,b\\in \\mathbb {R}). We give two Lie-Poisson structures of this system that are related with well-known Lie algebras. Moreover, we construct infinitely many Hamilton-Poisson realizations of this system. We also analyze the stability of the equilibrium points, as well as the existence of periodic orbits. In addition, we emphasize some connections between the energy-Casimir mapping of the considered system and the above-mentioned dynamical elements.
Scalar particles emission from black holes with topological defects using Hamilton-Jacobi method
Jusufi, Kimet
2015-11-01
We study quantum tunneling of charged and uncharged scalar particles from the event horizon of Schwarzschild-de Sitter and Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter black holes pierced by an infinitely long spinning cosmic string and a global monopole. In order to find the Hawking temperature and the tunneling probability we solve the Klein-Gordon equation by using the Hamilton-Jacobi method and WKB approximation. We show that Hawking temperature is independent of the presence of topological defects in both cases.
Coordinates Used in Derivation of Hawking Radiation via Hamilton-Jacobi Method
Liu, Bo; He, Xiaokai; Liu, Wenbiao
2009-05-01
Coordinates used in derivation of Hawking radiation via Hamilton-Jacobi method are investigated more deeply. In the case of a 4-dimensional Schwarzschild black hole, a direct computation leads to a wrong result. In the meantime, making use of the isotropic coordinate or invariant radial distance, we can get the correct conclusion. More coordinates including Painleve and Eddington-Finkelstein are tried to calculate the semi-classical Hawking emission rate. The reason of the discrepancy between naive coordinate and well-behaved coordinates is also discussed.
Fast methods for the Eikonal and related Hamilton- Jacobi equations on unstructured meshes.
Sethian, J A; Vladimirsky, A
2000-05-23
The Fast Marching Method is a numerical algorithm for solving the Eikonal equation on a rectangular orthogonal mesh in O(M log M) steps, where M is the total number of grid points. The scheme relies on an upwind finite difference approximation to the gradient and a resulting causality relationship that lends itself to a Dijkstra-like programming approach. In this paper, we discuss several extensions to this technique, including higher order versions on unstructured meshes in Rn and on manifolds and connections to more general static Hamilton-Jacobi equations.
Algebra and Geometry of Hamilton's Quaternions: 'Well, Papa, Can You Multiply Triplets?'
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-06-01
Inspired by the relation between the algebra ofcomplex numbers and plane geometry, WilliamRowan Hamilton sought an algebra of triples forapplication to three-dimensional geometry. Unableto multiply and divide triples, he inventeda non-commutative division algebra of quadruples,in what he considered his most significantwork, generalizing the real and complex numbersystems. We give a motivated introduction toquaternions and discuss how they are related toPauli matrices, rotations in three dimensions, thethree sphere, the group SU(2) and the celebratedHopf fibrations.
Hamilton-Jacobi equation, heteroclinic chains and Arnol'd diffusion in three time scales systems
Gallavotti, G; Mastropietro, V; Gallavotti, Giovanni; Gentile, Guido; Mastropietro, Vieri
1998-01-01
Interacting systems consisting of two rotators and a point mass near a hyperbolic fixed point are considered, in a case in which the uncoupled systems have three very different characteristic time scales. The abundance of quasi periodic motions in phase space is studied via the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The main result, a high density theorem of invariant tori, is derived by the classical canonical transformation method extending previous results. As an application the existence of long heteroclinic chains (and of Arnol'd diffusion) is proved for systems interacting through a trigonometric polynomial in the angle variables.
Dey, Bijoy K; Janicki, Marek R; Ayers, Paul W
2004-10-08
Classical dynamics can be described with Newton's equation of motion or, totally equivalently, using the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Here, the possibility of using the Hamilton-Jacobi equation to describe chemical reaction dynamics is explored. This requires an efficient computational approach for constructing the physically and chemically relevant solutions to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation; here we solve Hamilton-Jacobi equations on a Cartesian grid using Sethian's fast marching method. Using this method, we can--starting from an arbitrary initial conformation--find reaction paths that minimize the action or the time. The method is demonstrated by computing the mechanism for two different systems: a model system with four different stationary configurations and the H+H(2)-->H(2)+H reaction. Least-time paths (termed brachistochrones in classical mechanics) seem to be a suitable chioce for the reaction coordinate, allowing one to determine the key intermediates and final product of a chemical reaction. For conservative systems the Hamilton-Jacobi equation does not depend on the time, so this approach may be useful for simulating systems where important motions occur on a variety of different time scales.
Sense of Place and Health in Hamilton, Ontario: A Case Study.
Williams, Allison; Kitchen, Peter
2012-09-01
The concept of sense of place has received considerable attention by social scientists in recent years. Research has indicated that a person's sense of place is influenced by a number of factors including the built environment, socio-economic status (SES), well-being and health. Relatively few studies have examined sense of place at the neighbourhood level, particularly among communities exhibiting different levels of SES. This article investigates sense of place among three neighbourhood groups in Hamilton, Ontario representing areas of low, mixed and high SES. It analyses data from a 16-point sense of place scale derived from the Hamilton Household Quality of Life Survey carried out in 2010-2011 among 1,002 respondents. The paper found that sense of place was highest among residents of the high SES neighbourhood group as well as among home owners, people residing in single-detached homes, retired residents and those living in their neighbourhood for more than 10 years. From a health perspective, the paper found that a strong association existed between sense of place and self-perceived mental health across the three neighbourhood groups. Furthermore, by way of regression modeling, the paper examined the factors influencing health-related sense of place. Among the sample of respondents, a strong connection was found between housing, particularly home ownership, and high levels of health-related sense of place.
A practical approach to the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of holographic renormalization
Elvang, Henriette; Hadjiantonis, Marios
2016-06-01
We revisit the subject of holographic renormalization for asymptotically AdS spacetimes. For many applications of holography, one has to handle the divergences associated with the on-shell gravitational action. The brute force approach uses the Fefferman- Graham (FG) expansion near the AdS boundary to identify the divergences, but subsequent reversal of the expansion is needed to construct the infinite counterterms. While in principle straightforward, the method is cumbersome and application/reversal of FG is formally unsatisfactory. Various authors have proposed an alternative method based on the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. However, this approach may appear to be abstract, difficult to implement, and in some cases limited in applicability. In this paper, we clarify the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of holographic renormalization and present a simple algorithm for its implementation to extract cleanly the infinite counterterms. While the derivation of the method relies on the Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity, the actual application of our algorithm does not. The work applies to any D-dimensional holographic dual with asymptotic AdS boundary, Euclidean or Lorentzian, and arbitrary slicing. We illustrate the method in several examples, including the FGPW model, a holographic model of 3d ABJM theory, and cases with marginal scalars such as a dilaton-axion system.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V. Angel
2017-08-01
Full Text Available In the face of changing economies and patterns of development, the definition of heritage is diversifying, and the role of inventories in local heritage planning is coming to the fore. The Durand neighbourhood is a layered and complex area located in inner-city Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and the second subject area in a set of pilot inventory studies to develop a new city-wide inventory strategy for the City of Hamilton,. This paper presents an innovative digital workflow developed to undertake the Durand Built Heritage Inventory project. An online database was developed to be at the centre of all processes, including digital documentation, record management, analysis and variable outputs. Digital tools were employed for survey work in the field and analytical work in the office, resulting in a GIS-based dataset that can be integrated into Hamilton’s larger municipal planning system. Together with digital mapping and digitized historical resources, the Durand database has been leveraged to produce both digital and static outputs to shape recommendations for the protection of Hamilton’s heritage resources.
From classical Lagrangians to Hamilton operators in the Standard-Model Extension
Schreck, Marco
2016-01-01
In this article we investigate whether a theory based on a classical Lagrangian for the minimal Standard-Model Extension (SME) can be quantized such that the result is equal to the corresponding low-energy Hamilton operator obtained from the field-theory description. This analysis is carried out for the whole collection of minimal Lagrangians found in the literature. The upshot is that first quantization can be performed consistently. The unexpected observation is made that at first order in Lorentz violation and at second order in the velocity the Lagrangians are related to the Hamilton functions by a simple transformation. Under mild assumptions, it is shown that this holds universally. This result is used successfully to obtain classical Lagrangians for two complicated sectors of the minimal SME that have not been considered in the literature so far. Therefore, it will not be an obstacle anymore to derive such Lagrangians even for involved sets of coefficients - at least to the level of approximation state...
HERMITE WENO SCHEMES WITH LAX-WENDROFF TYPE TIME DISCRETIZATIONS FOR HAMILTON-JACOBI EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jianxian Qiu
2007-01-01
In this paper, we use Hermite weighted essentially non-oscillatory (HWENO) schemes with a Lax-Wendroff time discretization procedure, termed HWENO-LW schemes, to solve Hamilton-Jacobi equations. The idea of the reconstruction in the HWENO schemes comes from the original WENO schemes, however both the function and its first derivative values are evolved in time and are used in the reconstruction. One major advantage of HWENO schemes is its compactness in the reconstruction. We explore the possibility in avoiding the nonlinear weights for part of the procedure, hence reducing the cost but still maintaining non-oscillatory properties for problems with strong discontinuous derivative. As a result,comparing with HWENO with Runge-Kutta time discretizations schemes (HWENO-RK) of Qiu and Shu [19] for Hamilton-Jacobi equations, the major advantages of HWENO-LW schemes are their saving of computational cost and their compactness in the reconstruction.Extensive numerical experiments are performed to illustrate the capability of the method.
A practical approach to the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of holographic renormalization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Elvang, Henriette; Hadjiantonis, Marios [Department of Physics and Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan,450 Church Str., Ann Arbor MI 48109 (United States)
2016-06-08
We revisit the subject of holographic renormalization for asymptotically AdS spacetimes. For many applications of holography, one has to handle the divergences associated with the on-shell gravitational action. The brute force approach uses the Fefferman-Graham (FG) expansion near the AdS boundary to identify the divergences, but subsequent reversal of the expansion is needed to construct the infinite counterterms. While in principle straightforward, the method is cumbersome and application/reversal of FG is formally unsatisfactory. Various authors have proposed an alternative method based on the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. However, this approach may appear to be abstract, difficult to implement, and in some cases limited in applicability. In this paper, we clarify the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of holographic renormalization and present a simple algorithm for its implementation to extract cleanly the infinite counterterms. While the derivation of the method relies on the Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity, the actual application of our algorithm does not. The work applies to any D-dimensional holographic dual with asymptotic AdS boundary, Euclidean or Lorentzian, and arbitrary slicing. We illustrate the method in several examples, including the FGPW model, a holographic model of 3d ABJM theory, and cases with marginal scalars such as a dilaton-axion system.
From classical Lagrangians to Hamilton operators in the standard model extension
Schreck, M.
2016-07-01
In this article we investigate whether a theory based on a classical Lagrangian for the minimal Standard Model Extension (SME) can be quantized such that the result is equal to the corresponding low-energy Hamilton operator obtained from the field-theory description. This analysis is carried out for the whole collection of minimal Lagrangians found in the literature. The upshot is that the first quantization can be performed consistently. The unexpected observation is made that at first order in Lorentz violation and at second order in the velocity, the Lagrangians are related to the Hamilton functions by a simple transformation. Under mild assumptions, it is shown that this holds universally. That result is used successfully to obtain classical Lagrangians for two complicated sectors of the minimal SME that have not been considered in the literature so far. Therefore, it will not be an obstacle anymore to derive such Lagrangians even for involved sets of coefficients—at least to the level of approximation stated above.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lenters, M. [Roundabouts Canada, Whitby, ON (Canada)
2003-07-01
The capacity and safety advantages of roundabouts over traffic signals is being increasingly recognized to moderate high traffic flow. The feasibility of establishing a roundabout at the intersection of Wilson Street, Meadowbrook Drive, and Hamilton Drive in the Town of Ancaster, Ontario was studied. A preliminary analysis of the potential operational performance of a modern roundabout for this intersection was conducted by SRM Associates, also known as Roundabouts Canada. Traffic capacity performance between a roundabout and a traffic signal was compared, as well as a cost benefit comparison (including a life cycle cost analysis) of a signalised intersection versus a roundabout. A capacity and safety prediction model, RODEL, was used to develop preliminary geometric parameters and the safety performance prediction for a roundabout. The results indicated that the implementation of a roundabout at said intersection would be beneficial in terms of traffic capacity and operational performance. It is expected that traffic flow in the next 20 to 25 years will not generate excessive queuing or delay. Consultations with the public have shown that the roundabout was the preferred intersection control. A single lane roundabout with single lane entries and exits was recommended. 6 refs., 8 figs.
Okasha, S; Martens, J
2016-03-01
Hamilton's original work on inclusive fitness theory assumed additivity of costs and benefits. Recently, it has been argued that an exact version of Hamilton's rule for the spread of a pro-social allele (rb > c) holds under nonadditive pay-offs, so long as the cost and benefit terms are defined as partial regression coefficients rather than pay-off parameters. This article examines whether one of the key components of Hamilton's original theory can be preserved when the rule is generalized to the nonadditive case in this way, namely that evolved organisms will behave as if trying to maximize their inclusive fitness in social encounters. © 2015 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2015 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gabella, W.E.; Ruth, R.D.; Warnock, R.L.
1988-05-01
Periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation determine invariant tori in phase space. The Fourier spectrum of a torus with respect to angular coordinates gives useful information about nonlinear resonances and their potential for causing instabilities. We describe a method to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for an arbitrary accelerator lattice. The method works with Fourier modes of the generating functions, and imposes periodicity in the machine azimuth by a shooting method. We give examples leading to three-dimensional plots in a surface of section. It is expected that the technique will be useful in lattice optimization. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.
Hitzl, D. L.; Zele, F.
Recently, the application of Hamilton's law of varying action to initial value problems in dynamics has been generalized and simplified. Using the Hitzl et al. (1984) new integral variation method, approximate solutions can be constructed to arbitrary initial value problems involving systems of first-order ordinary differential equations. The new constructive technique is briefly described, and the method is illustrated with two example problems: (1) the damped oscillator (two linear differential equations), and (2) the Lagrange planetary equations with zonal harmonics and drag (a highly nonlinear system of six coupled first-order differential equations). Numerical results confirm that the integral variation method indeed provides accurate approximate analytical solutions over a specified finite time interval.
Hybrid massively parallel fast sweeping method for static Hamilton-Jacobi equations
Detrixhe, Miles; Gibou, Frédéric
2016-10-01
The fast sweeping method is a popular algorithm for solving a variety of static Hamilton-Jacobi equations. Fast sweeping algorithms for parallel computing have been developed, but are severely limited. In this work, we present a multilevel, hybrid parallel algorithm that combines the desirable traits of two distinct parallel methods. The fine and coarse grained components of the algorithm take advantage of heterogeneous computer architecture common in high performance computing facilities. We present the algorithm and demonstrate its effectiveness on a set of example problems including optimal control, dynamic games, and seismic wave propagation. We give results for convergence, parallel scaling, and show state-of-the-art speedup values for the fast sweeping method.
Leclerc, M
2012-01-01
We introduce a symmetric Poisson bracket that allows us to describe anticommuting fields on a classical level in the same way as commuting fields, without the use of Grassmann variables. By means of a simple example, we show how the Dirac bracket for the elimination of the second class constraints can be introduced, how the classical Hamiltonian equations can be derived and how quantization can be achieved through a direct correspondence principle. Finally, we show that the semiclassical limit of the corresponding Schroedinger equation leads back to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of the classical theory. Summarizing, it is shown that the relations between classical and quantum theory are valid for fermionic fields in exactly the same way as in the bosonic case, and that there is no need to introduce anticommuting variables on a classical level.
Buenker, R J
2003-01-01
The erroneous prediction of the speed of light in dispersive media has been looked upon historically as unequivocal proof that Newton's corpuscular theory is incorrect. Examination of his arguments shows that they were only directly applicable to the momentum of photons, however, leaving open the possibility that the cause of his mistake was the unavailability of a suitable mechanical theory to enable a correct light speed prediction, rather than his use of a particle model. It is shown that Hamilton's canonical equations of motion remove Newton's error quantitatively, and also lead to the most basic formulas of quantum mechanics without reference to any of the pioneering experiments of the late nineteenth century. An alternative formulation of the wave-particle duality principle is then suggested which allows the phenomena of interference and diffraction to be understood in terms of statistical distributions of large populations of photons or other particles.
Hamilton-Jacobi method for molecular distribution function in a chemical oscillator.
Nakanishi, Hiizu; Sakaue, Takahiro; Wakou, Jun'ichi
2013-12-07
Using the Hamilton-Jacobi method, we solve chemical Fokker-Planck equations within the Gaussian approximation and obtain a simple and compact formula for a conditional probability distribution. The formula holds in general transient situations, and can be applied not only to a steady state but also to an oscillatory state. By analyzing the long time behavior of the solution in the oscillatory case, we obtain the phase diffusion constant along the periodic orbit and the steady distribution perpendicular to it. A simple method for numerical evaluation of these formulas are devised, and they are compared with Monte Carlo simulations in the case of Brusselator as an example. Some results are shown to be identical to previously obtained expressions.
A Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman approach for termination of seizure-like bursting.
Wilson, Dan; Moehlis, Jeff
2014-10-01
We use Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman methods to find minimum-time and energy-optimal control strategies to terminate seizure-like bursting behavior in a conductance-based neural model. Averaging is used to eliminate fast variables from the model, and a target set is defined through bifurcation analysis of the slow variables of the model. This method is illustrated for a single neuron model and for a network model to illustrate its efficacy in terminating bursting once it begins. This work represents a numerical proof-of-concept that a new class of control strategies can be employed to mitigate bursting, and could ultimately be adapted to treat medically intractible epilepsy in patient-specific models.
The Classical Limit of Minimal Length Uncertainty Relation:Revisit with the Hamilton-Jacobi Method
Guo, Xiaobo; Yang, Haitang
2015-01-01
The existence of a minimum measurable length could deform not only the standard quantum mechanics but also classical physics. The effects of the minimal length on classical orbits of particles in a gravitation field have been investigated before, using the deformed Poisson bracket or Schwarzschild metric. In this paper, we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to study motions of particles in the context of deformed Newtonian mechanics and general relativity. Specifically, the precession of planetary orbits, deflection of light, and time delay in radar propagation are considered in this paper. We also set limits on the deformation parameter by comparing our results with the observational measurements. Finally, comparison with results from previous papers is given at the end of this paper.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Saroj Kumar Ghosh
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Organization of various cells lining the olfactory mucosa of Puntius ticto (Hamilton, 1822 were described by light as well as scanning electron microscopy. The paired olfactory chambers located antero-dorsal to the eyes and communicated outside through anterior and posterior nasal openings. The oval shaped olfactory rosette lied at the bottom of chamber and composed of 18-20 lamellae arranged on either side of median raphe. Sensory and non-sensory regions were distributed separately on each lamella. The sensory epithelium consisted mainly of two distinct morphological forms: ciliated and microvillous receptor cells. The non-sensory epithelium contained ciliated non-sensory cells, stratified epithelial cells with concentric microridges and mucous cells. Basal cells were situated at the deeper part of the epithelium, adjacent to the central core. The functional significance of cellular components of the olfactory epithelium was discussed with the habit and habitat of fish.
Binding of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by size classes of particulate in Hamilton Harbor water
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leppard, G.G. [National Water Research Inst., Burlington, Ontario (Canada). Aquatic Ecosystem Protection Branch]|[McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biology; Flannigan, D.T. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biology; Mavrocordatos, D. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biology]|[Univ. of Lausanne (Switzerland). Dept. of Chemistry; Marvin, C.H. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Vineland Station Ontario (Canada). Pest Management Research Centre; Bryant, D.W.; McCarry, B.E. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)
1998-11-15
In aquatic systems there is considerable transport of organic contaminants on suspended particles that act as carriers and influence the redistribution, bioavailability, and ultimate fate of contaminants. Using methodology not previously applied to the analysis of lake water, the authors demonstrate that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in Hamilton Harbor are predominantly sorbed to suspended flocs. Techniques employed were as follows: (i) differential cascade sedimentation and centrifugation to separate suspended particles; (ii) scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy to identify flocs and individual particles in the size range of 10{sup {minus}3}--10{sup 3} {micro}m; (iii) gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify PAH in extracts prepared from size classes. Heterogeneous flocs larger than 20 {micro}m accounted for roughly 98% of phenanthrene binding, 89% of fluoranthene binding, and 85% of pyrene binding.
The list of tantalum lines for wavelengths calibration of the Hamilton echelle-spectrograph
Pakhomov, Yu V
2015-01-01
We present solution of the problem of wavelength calibration for Hamilton Echelle spectrograph using hollow cathode lamp, which was operated at Lick Observatory Shane telescope before June 9, 2011. The spectrum of the lamp claimed to be thorium-argon, contains, in addition to the lines of thorium and argon, a number of the unrecognized lines identified by us with tantalum. Using atomic data for measured lines of tantalum and thorium, we estimated the temperature of the gas in the lamp as T=3120+/-60 K. From the atomic line database VALD3 we selected all lines of TaI and TaII which can be seen in the spectrum of the lamp and compiled a list for the use in the processing of spectral observations. We note a limitation of the accuracy of calibration due to the influence of the hyperfine line splitting.
Initialization of the Shooting Method via the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Approach
Cristiani, Emiliano
2009-01-01
The aim of this paper is to investigate from the numerical point of view the possibility of coupling the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation and Pontryagin's Minimum Principle (PMP) to solve some control problems. A rough approximation of the value function computed by the HJB method is used to obtain an initial guess for the PMP method. The advantage of our approach over other initialization techniques (such as continuation or direct methods) is to provide an initial guess close to the global minimum. Numerical tests involving multiple minima, discontinuous control, singular arcs and state constraints are considered. The CPU time for the proposed method is less than four minutes up to dimension four, without code parallelization.
Probabilistic formulation of estimation problems for a class of Hamilton-Jacobi equations
Hofleitner, Aude
2012-12-01
This article presents a method for deriving the probability distribution of the solution to a Hamilton-Jacobi partial differential equation for which the value conditions are random. The derivations lead to analytical or semi-analytical expressions of the probability distribution function at any point in the domain in which the solution is defined. The characterization of the distribution of the solution at any point is a first step towards the estimation of the parameters defining the random value conditions. This work has important applications for estimation in flow networks in which value conditions are noisy. In particular, we illustrate our derivations on a road segment with random capacity reductions. © 2012 IEEE.
Hamilton-Jacobi formalism for inflation with non-minimal derivative coupling
Sheikhahmadi, Haidar; Saridakis, Emmanuel N.; Aghamohammadi, Ali; Saaidi, Khaled
2016-10-01
In inflation with nonminimal derivative coupling there is not a conformal transformation to the Einstein frame where calculations are straightforward, and thus in order to extract inflationary observables one needs to perform a detailed and lengthy perturbation investigation. In this work we bypass this problem by performing a Hamilton-Jacobi analysis, namely rewriting the cosmological equations considering the scalar field to be the time variable. We apply the method to two specific models, namely the power-law and the exponential cases, and for each model we calculate various observables such as the tensor-to-scalar ratio, and the spectral index and its running. We compare them with 2013 and 2015 Planck data, and we show that they are in a very good agreement with observations.
Holographic renormalization and Ward identities with the Hamilton-Jacobi method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Martelli, Dario E-mail: d.martelli@qmul.ac.uk; Mueck, Wolfgang E-mail: mueck@na.infn.it
2003-03-24
A systematic procedure for performing holographic renormalization, which makes use of the Hamilton-Jacobi method, is proposed and applied to a bulk theory of gravity interacting with a scalar field and a U(1) gauge field in the Stueckelberg formalism. We describe how the power divergences are obtained as solutions of a set of 'descent equations' stemming from the radial Hamiltonian constraint of the theory. In addition, we isolate the logarithmic divergences, which are closely related to anomalies. The method allows to determine also the exact one-point functions of the dual field theory. Using the other Hamiltonian constraints of the bulk theory, we derive the Ward identities for diffeomorphisms and gauge invariance. In particular, we demonstrate the breaking of U(1){sub R} current conservation, recovering the holographic chiral anomaly recently discussed in and.
Hamilton-Jacobi method for molecular distribution function in a chemical oscillator
Nakanishi, Hiizu; Sakaue, Takahiro; Wakou, Jun'ichi
2013-12-01
Using the Hamilton-Jacobi method, we solve chemical Fokker-Planck equations within the Gaussian approximation and obtain a simple and compact formula for a conditional probability distribution. The formula holds in general transient situations, and can be applied not only to a steady state but also to an oscillatory state. By analyzing the long time behavior of the solution in the oscillatory case, we obtain the phase diffusion constant along the periodic orbit and the steady distribution perpendicular to it. A simple method for numerical evaluation of these formulas are devised, and they are compared with Monte Carlo simulations in the case of Brusselator as an example. Some results are shown to be identical to previously obtained expressions.
Hawking radiation from a Vaidya black hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method
Ding, Han; Liu, Wen-Biao
2011-03-01
Using the Hamilton-Jacobi method, Hawking radiation from the apparent horizon of a dynamical Vaidya black hole is calculated. The black hole thermodynamics can be built successfully on the apparent horizon. If a relativistic perturbation is given to the apparent horizon, a similar calculation can also lead to a purely thermal spectrum, which corresponds to a modified temperature from the former. The first law of thermodynamics can also be constructed successfully at a new supersurface which has a small deviation from the apparent horizon. When the event horizon is thought as such a deviation from the apparent horizon, the expressions of the characteristic position and temperature are consistent with the previous result that asserts that thermodynamics should be built on the event horizon. It is concluded that the thermodynamics should be constructed on the apparent horizon exactly while the event horizon thermodynamics is just one of the perturbations near the apparent horizon.
Hawking radiation of Reissner-Nordstrom-de Sitter black hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method
Hossain, M Ilias
2013-01-01
In Refs. (M. Atiqur Rahman, M. Ilias Hossain (2012) Phys. Lett. B {\\bf 712} 1), we have developed Hamilton-Jacobi method for dynamical spacetime and discussed Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole by massive particle tunneling method. In this letter, we have investigated the hawking purely thermal and nonthermal radiations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m-de Sitter (RNdS) black hole. We have considered energy and angular momentum as conserved and shown that the tunneling rate is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum. The results we have obtained for RNdS black hole is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek\\rq s opinion and recovered the new result for Hawking radiation of RNdS black hole.
Back-Reaction of Black Hole Radiation from Hamilton-Jacobi Method
Ding, Chikun
2013-10-01
In the frame of Hamilton-Jacobi method, the back-reactions of the radiating particles together with the total entropy change of the whole system are investigated. The emission probability from this process is found to be equivalent to the null geodesic method. However its physical picture is more clear: the negative energy one of a virtual particle pair is absorbed by the black hole, resulting in the temperature, electric potential and angular velocity increase; then the black hole amount of heat, electric charge and angular momentum can spontaneously transfer to the positive energy particle; when obtaining enough energy, it can escape away to infinity, visible to distant observers. And this method can be applied to any sort of horizons and particles without a specific choice of (regular-across-the-horizon) coordinates.
The classical limit of minimal length uncertainty relation: revisit with the Hamilton-Jacobi method
Guo, Xiaobo; Wang, Peng; Yang, Haitang
2016-05-01
The existence of a minimum measurable length could deform not only the standard quantum mechanics but also classical physics. The effects of the minimal length on classical orbits of particles in a gravitation field have been investigated before, using the deformed Poisson bracket or Schwarzschild metric. In this paper, we first use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to derive the deformed equations of motion in the context of Newtonian mechanics and general relativity. We then employ them to study the precession of planetary orbits, deflection of light, and time delay in radar propagation. We also set limits on the deformation parameter by comparing our results with the observational measurements. Finally, comparison with results from previous papers is given at the end of this paper.
On a Lagrange-Hamilton formalism describing position and momentum uncertainties
Schuch, Dieter
1993-01-01
According to Heisenberg's uncertainty relation, in quantum mechanics it is not possible to determine, simultaneously, exact values for the position and the momentum of a material system. Calculating the mean value of the Hamiltonian operator with the aid of exact analytic Gaussian wave packet solutions, these uncertainties cause an energy contribution additional to the classical energy of the system. For the harmonic oscillator, e.g., this nonclassical energy represents the ground state energy. It will be shown that this additional energy contribution can be considered as a Hamiltonian function, if it is written in appropriate variables. With the help of the usual Lagrange-Hamilton formalism known from classical particle mechanics, but now considering this new Hamiltonian function, it is possible to obtain the equations of motion for position and momentum uncertainties.
Closed circle DNA algorithm of change positive-weighted Hamilton circuit problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhou Kang; Tong Xiaojun; Xu Jin
2009-01-01
Chain length of closed circle DNA is equal. The same closed circle DNA's position corresponds to different recognition sequence, and the same recognition sequence corresponds to different foreign DNA segment, so closed circle DNA computing model is generalized. For change positive-weighted Hamilton circuit problem, closed circle DNA algorithm is put forward. First, three groups of DNA encoding are encoded for all arcs, and deck groups are designed for all vertices. All possible solutions axe composed. Then, the feasible solutions axe filtered out by using group detect experiment, and the optimization solutions are obtained by using group insert experiment and electrophoresis experiment. Finally, all optimization solutions are found by using detect experiment. Complexity of algorithm is concluded and validity of DNA algorithm is explained by an example. Three dominances of the closed circle DNA algorithm are analyzed, and characteristics and dominances of group delete experiment axe discussed.
Hamilton-Jacobi formalism for inflation with non-minimal derivative coupling
Sheikhahmadi, Haidar; Aghamohammadi, Ali; Saaidi, Khaled
2016-01-01
In inflation with nonminimal derivative coupling there is not a conformal transformation to the Einstein frame where calculations are straightforward, and thus in order to extract inflationary observables one needs to perform a detailed and lengthy perturbation investigation. In this work we bypass this problem by performing a Hamilton-Jacobi analysis, namely rewriting the cosmological equations considering the scalar field to be the time variable. We apply the method to two specific models, namely the power-law and the exponential cases, and for each model we calculate various observables such as the tensor-to-scalar ratio, and the spectral index and its running. We compare them with 2013 and 2015 Planck data, and we show that they are in a very good agreement with observations.
Solutions to estimation problems for scalar hamilton-jacobi equations using linear programming
Claudel, Christian G.
2014-01-01
This brief presents new convex formulations for solving estimation problems in systems modeled by scalar Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equations. Using a semi-analytic formula, we show that the constraints resulting from a HJ equation are convex, and can be written as a set of linear inequalities. We use this fact to pose various (and seemingly unrelated) estimation problems related to traffic flow-engineering as a set of linear programs. In particular, we solve data assimilation and data reconciliation problems for estimating the state of a system when the model and measurement constraints are incompatible. We also solve traffic estimation problems, such as travel time estimation or density estimation. For all these problems, a numerical implementation is performed using experimental data from the Mobile Century experiment. In the context of reproducible research, the code and data used to compute the results presented in this brief have been posted online and are accessible to regenerate the results. © 2013 IEEE.
Respiratory medicine at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario: 1968 to 2013
Jones, Norman L; O’Byrne, Paul M
2014-01-01
The medical school at McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario) was conceived in 1965 and admitted the first class in 1969. John Evans became the founding Dean and he invited Moran Campbell to be the first Chairman of the Department of Medicine. Moran Campbell, already a world figure in respiratory medicine and physiology, arrived at McMaster in September 1968, and he invited Norman Jones to be Coordinator of the Respiratory Programme. At that time, Hamilton had a population of 300,000, with two full-time respirologists, Robert Cornett at the Hamilton General Hospital and Michael Newhouse at St Joseph’s Hospital. From the clinical perspective, the aim of the Respiratory Programme was to develop a network approach to clinical problems among the five hospitals in the Hamilton region, with St Joseph’s Hospital serving as a regional referral centre, and each hospital developing its own focus: intensive care and burns units at the Hamilton General Hospital; cancer at the Henderson (later Juravinski) Hospital; tuberculosis and rehabilitation at the Chedoke Hospital; pediatrics and neonatal intensive care at the McMaster University Medical Centre; and community care at the Joseph Brant Hospital in Burlington (Ontario). The network provided an ideal base for a specialty residency program. There was also the need to establish viable research. These objectives were achieved through collaboration, support of hospital administration, and recruitment of clinicians and faculty, mainly from our own trainees and research fellows. By the mid-1970s the respiratory group numbered more than 25; outpatient clinic visits and research had grown beyond our initial expectations. The international impact of the group became reflected in the clinical and basic research endeavours. ASTHMA: Freddy Hargreave and Jerry Dolovich established methods to measure airway responsiveness to histamine and methacholine. Allergen inhalation was shown to increase airway responsiveness for several weeks
Manuel, R.; Gorissen, M.; Stokkermans, M.; Zethof, J.; Ebbesson, L.O.E.; Vis, van de J.W.; Flik, G.; Bos, van den R.
2015-01-01
The inhibitory avoidance paradigm allows the study of mechanisms underlying learning and memory formation in zebrafish (Danio rerio Hamilton). For zebrafish, the physiology and behavior associated with this paradigm are as yet poorly understood. We therefore assessed the effects of environmental enr
Fitzpatrick, P. M.; Harmon, G. R.; Liu, J. J. F.; Cochran, J. E.
1974-01-01
The formalism for studying perturbations of a triaxial rigid body within the Hamilton-Jacobi framework is developed. The motion of a triaxial artificial earth satellite about its center of mass is studied. Variables are found which permit separation, and the Euler angles and associated conjugate momenta are obtained as functions of canonical constants and time.
Sakamoto, Noboru; Schaft, Arjan J. van der
2007-01-01
In this paper, an analytical approximation approach for the stabilizing solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation using stable manifold theory is proposed. The proposed method gives approximated flows on the stable manifold of the associated Hamiltonian system and provides approximations of the
Sakamoto, Noboru; Schaft, Arjan J. van der
2007-01-01
In this paper, an analytical approximation approach for the stabilizing solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation using stable manifold theory is proposed. The proposed method gives approximated flows on the stable manifold of the associated Hamiltonian system and provides approximations of the stabl
Cardaliaguet, Pierre
2008-01-01
We investigate the regularity of solutions of first order Hamilton-Jacobi equation with super linear growth in the gradient variable. We show that the solutions are locally H\\"older continuous with H\\"older exponent depending only on the growth of the Hamiltonian. The proof relies on a reverse H\\"older inequality.
2011-12-15
... Energy Regulatory Commission Brian Hamilton v. El Paso Natural Gas, El Paso Western Pipelines; Notice Announcing Docket Number Change On December 2, 2011, the Commission issued a notice in docket number RP12-220... docket number, RP12-220-000 and give the proceeding a new docket number. This notice changes the...
Nicolaidis, Mary; Sica, Michael
The major goal of Project SPEED (at Fort Hamilton High School, Brooklyn, New York) was dropout prevention. In its first year of operation, 1982-83, the project provided English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction, bilingual instruction in basic skills required for graduation, and guidance services to approximately 300 limited English proficient…
Canonical equations of Hamilton for the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation
Liang, Guo; Ren, Zhanmei
2013-01-01
We define two different systems of mathematical physics: the second-order differential system (SODS) and the first-order differential system (FODS). The Newton's second law of motion and the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation (NLSE) are the exemplary SODS and FODS, respectively. We obtain a new kind of canonical equations of Hamilton (CEH), which are of some kind of symmetry in form and are formally different with the conventional CEH without symmetry [H. Goldstein, C. Poole, J. Safko, Classical Mechanics, third ed., Addison-Wesley, 2001]. We also prove that the number of the CEHs is equal to the number of the generalized coordinates for the FODS, but twice the number of the generalized coordinates for the SODS. We show that the FODS can only be expressed by the new CEH, but do not by the conventional CEH, while the SODS can be done by both the new and the conventional CEHs. As an example, we prove that the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation can be expressed with the new CEH in a consistent way.
Canonical equations of Hamilton for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation
Liang, Guo; Guo, Qi; Ren, Zhanmei
2015-09-01
We define two different systems of mathematical physics: the second order differential system (SODS) and the first order differential system (FODS). The Newton's second law of motion and the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) are the exemplary SODS and FODS, respectively. We obtain a new kind of canonical equations of Hamilton (CEH), which exhibit some kind of symmetry in form and are formally different from the conventional CEH without symmetry [H. Goldstein, C. Poole, J. Safko, Classical Mechanics, third ed., Addison- Wesley, 2001]. We also prove that the number of the CEHs is equal to the number of the generalized coordinates for the FODS, but twice the number of the generalized coordinates for the SODS. We show that the FODS can only be expressed by the new CEH, but not introduced by the conventional CEH, while the SODS can be done by both the new and the conventional CEHs. As an example, we prove that the nonlinear Schrödinger equation can be expressed with the new CEH in a consistent way.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Videla, Nelson [FCFM, Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Fisica, Santiago (Chile)
2017-03-15
In the present work we study the consequences of considering an inflationary universe model in which the Hubble rate has a quasi-exponential dependence in the inflaton field, given by H(φ) = H{sub inf} exp[((φ)/(m{sub p}))/(p(1+(φ)/(m{sub p})))]. We analyze the inflation dynamics under the Hamilton-Jacobi approach, which allows us to consider H(φ), rather than V(φ), as the fundamental quantity to be specified. By comparing the theoretical predictions of the model together with the allowed contour plots in the n{sub s} - r plane and the amplitude of primordial scalar perturbations from the latest Planck data, the parameters charactering this model are constrained. The model predicts values for the tensor-to-scalar ratio r and for the running of the scalar spectral index dn{sub s}/d ln k consistent with the current bounds imposed by Planck, and we conclude that the model is viable. (orig.)
Social determinants of older adults' awareness of community support services in Hamilton, Ontario.
Tindale, J; Denton, M; Ploeg, J; Lillie, J; Hutchison, B; Brazil, K; Akhtar-Danesh, N; Plenderleith, J
2011-11-01
Community support services (CSSs) have been developed in Canada and other Western nations to enable persons coping with health or social issues to continue to live in the community. This study addresses the extent to which awareness of CSSs is structured by the social determinants of health. In a telephone interview conducted in February-March 2006, 1152 community-dwelling older adults (response rate 12.4%) from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada were made to read a series of four vignettes and were asked whether they were able to identify a CSS they may turn to in that situation. Across the four vignettes, 40% of participants did name a CSS as a possible source of assistance. Logistic regression was used to determine factors related to awareness of CSSs. Respondents most likely to have awareness of CSS include the middle-aged and higher-income groups. Being knowledgeable about where to look for information about CSSs, having social support and being a member of a club or voluntary organisations are also significant predictors of awareness of CSSs. Study results suggest that efforts be made to improve the level of awareness and access to CSSs among older adults by targeting their social networks as well as their health and social care providers.
Hamilton-Jacobi Many-Worlds Theory and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Tipler, Frank J
2010-01-01
I show that the classical Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equation can be used as a technique to study quantum mechanical problems. I first show that the the Schr\\"odinger equation is just the classical H-J equation, constrained by a condition that forces the solutions of the H-J equation to be everywhere $C^2$. That is, quantum mechanics is just classical mechanics constrained to ensure that ``God does not play dice with the universe.'' I show that this condition, which imposes global determinism, strongly suggests that $\\psi^*\\psi$ measures the density of universes in a multiverse. I show that this interpretation implies the Born Interpretation, and that the function space for $\\psi$ is larger than a Hilbert space, with plane waves automatically included. Finally, I use H-J theory to derive the momentum-position uncertainty relation, thus proving that in quantum mechanics, uncertainty arises from the interference of the other universes of the multiverse, not from some intrinsic indeterminism in nature.
Cook, Alana N; Moulden, Heather M; Mamak, Mini; Lalani, Shams; Messina, Katrina; Chaimowitz, Gary
2016-07-14
The Hamilton Anatomy of Risk Management-Forensic Version (HARM-FV) is a structured professional judgement tool of violence risk developed for use in forensic inpatient psychiatric settings. The HARM-FV is used with the Aggressive Incidents Scale (AIS), which provides a standardized method of recording aggressive incidents. We report the findings of the concurrent validity of the HARM-FV and the AIS with widely used measures of violence risk and aggressive acts, the Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20, Version 3 (HCR-20(V3)) and a modified version of the Overt Aggression Scale. We also present findings on the predictive validity of the HARM-FV in the short term (1-month follow-up periods) for varying severities of aggressive acts. The results indicated strong support for the concurrent validity of the HARM-FV and AIS and promising support for the predictive accuracy of the tool for inpatient aggression. This article provides support for the continued clinical use of the HARM-FV within an inpatient forensic setting and highlights areas for further research. © The Author(s) 2016.
Wave front-ray synthesis for solving the multidimensional quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation.
Wyatt, Robert E; Chou, Chia-Chun
2011-08-21
A Cauchy initial-value approach to the complex-valued quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation (QHJE) is investigated for multidimensional systems. In this approach, ray segments foliate configuration space which is laminated by surfaces of constant action. The QHJE incorporates all quantum effects through a term involving the divergence of the quantum momentum function (QMF). The divergence term may be expressed as a sum of two terms, one involving displacement along the ray and the other incorporating the local curvature of the action surface. It is shown that curvature of the wave front may be computed from coefficients of the first and second fundamental forms from differential geometry that are associated with the surface. Using the expression for the divergence, the QHJE becomes a Riccati-type ordinary differential equation (ODE) for the complex-valued QMF, which is parametrized by the arc length along the ray. In order to integrate over possible singularities in the QMF, a stable and accurate Möbius propagator is introduced. This method is then used to evolve rays and wave fronts for four systems in two and three dimensions. From the QMF along each ray, the wave function can be easily computed. Computational difficulties that may arise are described and some ways to circumvent them are presented. © 2011 American Institute of Physics
Study of Finite Elements for Hamilton Systems%Hamilton系统的有限元研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈传淼; 汤琼
2011-01-01
该文对Hamilton系统的连续有限元法证明了两个优美的性质:在任何情形m次有限元总是能量守恒的,它对线性系统也是辛的,且对非线性系统每次步进是高精度O(h2m+1)近似辛的.在长时间计算中时空平面上轨道和周期的偏离随时间线性增长.数值实验表明其偏离比其他算法小.%Two nice properties of the continuous finite element method for Hamilton systems are proved as follows: in any case the m-degree finite elements always preserve the energy which is sympletic for linear systems and is approximately sympletic with high accuracy O(h2m+l) in each stepping for nonlinear systems. In long-time computation the deviation of trajectories and their periods in time-space plane will crease linearly with time. Numerical experiments show that their deviations are often smaller than that of other schemes.
Husbandry stress exacerbates mycobacterial infections in adult zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton)
Ramsay, J.M.; Watral, V.; Schreck, C.B.; Kent, M.L.
2009-01-01
Mycobacteria are significant pathogens of laboratory zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton). Stress is often implicated in clinical disease and morbidity associated with mycobacterial infections but has yet to be examined with zebrafish. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of husbandry stressors on zebrafish infected with mycobacteria. Adult zebrafish were exposed to Mycobacterium marinum or Mycobacterium chelonae, two species that have been associated with disease in zebrafish. Infected fish and controls were then subjected to chronic crowding and handling stressors and examined over an 8-week period. Whole-body cortisol was significantly elevated in stressed fish compared to non-stressed fish. Fish infected with M. marinum ATCC 927 and subjected to husbandry stressors had 14% cumulative mortality while no mortality occurred among infected fish not subjected to husbandry stressors. Stressed fish, infected with M. chelonae H1E2 from zebrafish, were 15-fold more likely to be infected than non-stressed fish at week 8 post-injection. Sub-acute, diffuse infections were more common among stressed fish infected with M. marinum or M. chelonae than non-stressed fish. This is the first study to demonstrate an effect of stress and elevated cortisol on the morbidity, prevalence, clinical disease and histological presentation associated with mycobacterial infections in zebrafish. Minimizing husbandry stress may be effective at reducing the severity of outbreaks of clinical mycobacteriosis in zebrafish facilities. ?? 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Equation of motion of canonical tensor model and Hamilton-Jacobi equation of general relativity
Chen, Hua; Sato, Yuki
2016-01-01
The canonical tensor model (CTM) is a rank-three tensor model formulated as a totally constrained system in the canonical formalism. The constraint algebra of CTM has a similar structure as that of the ADM formalism of general relativity, and is studied as a discretized model for quantum gravity. In this paper, we analyze the classical equation of motion (EOM) of CTM in a formal continuum limit through a derivative expansion of the tensor up to the forth order, and show that it is the same as the EOM of a coupled system of gravity and a scalar field derived from the Hamilton-Jacobi equation with an appropriate choice of an action. The action contains a scalar field potential of an exponential form, and the system classically respects a dilatational symmetry. We find that the system has a critical dimension, given by six, over which it becomes unstable due to the wrong sign of the scalar kinetic term. In six dimensions, de Sitter spacetime becomes a solution to the EOM, signaling the emergence of a conformal s...
Quantized Hamilton dynamics describes quantum discrete breathers in a simple way.
Igumenshchev, Kirill; Prezhdo, Oleg
2011-08-01
We study the localization of energy in a nonlinear coupled system, exhibiting so-called breather modes, using quantized Hamilton dynamics (QHD). Already at the lowest order, which is only twice as complex as classical mechanics, this simple semiclassical method incorporates quantum-mechanical effects. The transition between the localized and delocalized regimes is instantaneous in classical mechanics, while it is gradual due to tunneling in both quantum mechanics and QHD. In contrast to classical mechanics, which predicts an abrupt appearance of breathers, quantum mechanics and QHD show an alternation of localized and delocalized behavior in the transient region. QHD includes zero-point energy that is reflected in a shifted energy asymptote for the localized states, providing another improvement on the classical perspective. By detailed analysis of the distribution and transfer of energy within classical mechanics, QHD, and quantum dynamics, we conclude that QHD is an efficient approach that accounts for moderate quantum effects and can be used to identify quantum breathers in large nonlinear systems.
Study of invariant surfaces and their break-up by the Hamilton-Jacobi method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Warnock, R.L.; Ruth, R.D.
1986-08-01
A method is described to compute invariant tori in phase space for calssical non-integrable Hamiltonian systems. Our procedure is to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi equation stated as a system of equations for Fourier coefficients of the generating function. The system is truncated to a finite number of Fourier modes and solved numerically by Newton's method. The resulting canonical transformation serves to reduce greatly the non-integrable part of the Hamiltonian. In examples studied to date the convergence properties of the method are excellent, even near chaotic regions and on the separatrices of isolated broad resonances. We propose a criterion for breakup of invariant surfaces, namely the vanishing of the Jacobian of the canonical transformation to new angle variables. By comparison with results from tracking, we find in an example with two nearly overlapping resonances that this criterion can be implemented with sufficient accuracy to determine critical parameters for the breakup ('transition to chaos') to an accuracy of 5 to 10%.
Performance of orangefin labeo, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822 as a component of polyculture system
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Bibha Chetia Borah
2014-04-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the performance of orangefin labeo, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton, 1822 as a component of conventional composite carp culture system. The species was included as 50% substitution to common carp (Cyprinus carpio in view of its omnivorous feeding habit and bottom dwelling nature. The total production was 0.55% higher in the experimental culture (with L. calbasu and Cyprinus carpio than in the control (common carp only. The difference in the production was however not significant statistically. The comparative economics revealed 5.30% higher return from the experimental unit. Comparison of growth pattern and survival rates of other five species of carps indicated that inclusion of L. calbasu did not have any adverse impact on the other carps. Growth rate of other carps was observed to be higher in the experimental set by 0.05% on an average than the control. Calculated profit per hectare was found to be 9.2% higher in experimental plot than in the control. Although the gross production and return in the experimental unit was not significantly higher than the control, the data supported that L. calbasu is compatible to other component species in composite carp culture system and its inclusion will enhance the economic viability of the system.
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Ghosh Saroj Kumar
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The morphoanatomy, cellular organization, and surface architecture of the olfactory apparatus in Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton is described using light and scanning electron microscopy. The oval shaped olfactory rosette contained 32 ± 2 primary lamellae on each side of the median raphe, and was lodged on the floor of the olfactory chamber. The olfactory lamellae were basically flat and compactly arranged in the rosette. The olfactory chamber communicated to the outside aquatic environment through inlet and outlet apertures with a conspicuous nasal flap in between. The mid dorsal portion of the olfactory lamellae was characterized by a linguiform process. Sensory and non-sensory regions were distributed separately on each lamella. The sensory epithelium occupied the apical part including the linguiform process, whereas the resting part of the lamella was covered with non-sensory epithelium. The sensory epithelium comprised both ciliated and microvillous receptor cells distinguished by the architecture on their apical part. The non-sensory epithelium possessed mucous cells, labyrinth cells, and stratified epithelial cells with distinctive microridges. The functional importance of the different cells lining the olfactory mucosa was correlated with the ecological habits of the fish examined.
High-Order Semi-Discrete Central-Upwind Schemes for Multi-Dimensional Hamilton-Jacobi Equations
Bryson, Steve; Levy, Doron; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)
2002-01-01
We present the first fifth order, semi-discrete central upwind method for approximating solutions of multi-dimensional Hamilton-Jacobi equations. Unlike most of the commonly used high order upwind schemes, our scheme is formulated as a Godunov-type scheme. The scheme is based on the fluxes of Kurganov-Tadmor and Kurganov-Tadmor-Petrova, and is derived for an arbitrary number of space dimensions. A theorem establishing the monotonicity of these fluxes is provided. The spacial discretization is based on a weighted essentially non-oscillatory reconstruction of the derivative. The accuracy and stability properties of our scheme are demonstrated in a variety of examples. A comparison between our method and other fifth-order schemes for Hamilton-Jacobi equations shows that our method exhibits smaller errors without any increase in the complexity of the computations.
Hailati, G.; Hu, Z. H.
2016-08-01
The transient stability of interconnected network with supplementary time-delay controller for generator excitations and static var compensator (SVC) has been investigated in this paper. Firstly, a delay-dependent stability criterion based on Hamilton function method is derived, and the criterion is in term of matrix inequalities. Secondly, a nonlinear time-delay Hamilton function model of interconnected network with SVCs is constructed. Thirdly, the wide-area time-delay supplementary controller (WATSC) for the interconnected network is designed and converted into the form of Hamiltonian system. The delay-dependent stability of the closed-loop power system is analysed. The gains of the WATSC are determined by using the theoretical analysis results. It is effective for the designed WATSC installed in the 16- machine, 68-bus power system for damping the inter-area modes. Then simulation results show that the method of the controller is effective.
Self-gravitation interaction of IR deformed Hořava-Lifshitz gravity via new Hamilton-Jacobi method
Liu, Molin; Xu, Yin; Lu, Junwang; Yang, Yuling; Lu, Jianbo; Wu, Yabo
2014-06-01
The apparent discovery of logarithmic entropies has a significant impact on IR deformed Hořava-Lifshitz (IRDHL) gravity in which the original infrared (IR) property is improved by introducing three-geometry's Ricci scalar term "μ4 R" in action. Here, we reevaluate the Hawking radiation in IRDHL by using recent new Hamilton-Jacobi method (NHJM). In particular, a thorough analysis is considered both in asymptotically flat Kehagias-Sfetsos and asymptotically non-flat Park models in IRDHL. We find the NHJM offers simplifications on the technical side. The modification in the entropy expression is given by the physical interpretation of self-gravitation of the Hawking radiation in this new Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) perspectives.
Parkway公司和Hamilton sundstrand公司在墨西哥合资成立Parkway-HS公司
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
Parkway制品公司（Parkway Products Inc．）和Hamilton sundstrand公司共同出资成立了一家名为Parkway-HSL．L．C．的新公司，专门生产低成本的航空航天产品。该公司的工厂位于墨西哥的萨尔提略市，占地面积超过2300m2。
2016-05-01
Algorithm for Overcoming the Curse of Dimensionality for Certain Non-convex Hamilton-Jacobi Equations, Projections and Differential Games Yat Tin...complexity of the resulting algorithm is polynomial in the problem dimension; hence, it overcomes the curse of dimensionality [1, 2]. We extend previous work...compute the evolution of geometric objects [25], which was first used for reachability problems in [21, 22] to our knowledge . Numerical solutions to HJ PDE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李仁杰; 乔永芬; 刘洋
2002-01-01
We present a general approach to the construction of conservation laws for variable mass nonholonomic noncon-servative systems. First, we give the definition of integrating factors, and we study in detail the necessary conditionsfor the existence of the conserved quantities. Then, we establish the conservation theorem and its inverse theorem forHamilton's canonical equations of motion of variable mass nonholonomic nonconservative dynamical systems. Finally,we give an example to illustrate the application of the results.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stephen A. Royle
2016-06-01
Full Text Available This article deals with the encounters between a traditional Korean rural and island population and western military forces when the British navy occupied Geomundo, an archipelago known to them as Port Hamilton, for 22 months between 1885 and 1887. The paper first outlines the sometimes painful process of East Asian countries being opened up to trade and outside influences in the 19th century, a process sometimes urged upon them by naval weapons in this era of gunboat diplomacy. This provides the setting for the Port Hamilton Affair itself when in preparation for possible war with Russia, a British naval squadron steamed into Port Hamilton and took it without reference to the local people or their national government. After brief reference to the political consequences of this action, the focus is then on what the records from the occupation and earlier investigations by the British, who had long coveted the islands’ strategic harbour, reveal about the life of the islanders. The article considers both their traditional life, from a time rather before western travel accounts were written about the Korean mainland, and how the islanders fared under the British.
Potoglou, Dimitrios
The focus of this thesis is twofold. First, it offers insight on how households' car-ownership behaviour is affected by urban form and availability of local-transit at the place of residence, after controlling for socio-economic and demographic characteristics. Second, it addresses the importance of vehicle attributes, household and individual characteristics as well as economic incentives and urban form to potential demand for alternative fuelled vehicles. Data for the empirical analyses of the aforementioned research activities were obtained through an innovative Internet survey, which is also documented in this thesis, conducted in the Census Metropolitan Area of Hamilton. The survey included a retrospective questionnaire of households' number and type of vehicles and a stated choices experiment for assessing the potential demand for alternative fuelled vehicles. Established approaches and emerging trends in automobile demand modelling identified early on in this thesis suggest a disaggregate approach and specifically, the estimation of discrete choice models both for explaining car ownership and vehicle-type choice behaviour. It is shown that mixed and diverse land uses as well as short distances between home and work are likely to decrease the probability of households to own a large number of cars. Regarding the demand for alternative fuelled vehicles, while vehicle attributes are particularly important, incentives such as free parking and access to high occupancy vehicle lanes will not influence the choice of hybrids or alternative fuelled vehicles. An improved understating of households' behaviour regarding the number of cars as well as the factors and trade-offs for choosing cleaner vehicles can be used to inform policy designed to reduce car ownership levels and encourage adoption of cleaner vehicle technologies in urban areas. Finally, the Internet survey sets the ground for further research on implementation and evaluation of this data collection method.
Clinical utility of the Snaith-Hamilton-Pleasure scale in the Chinese settings
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Liu Wen-hua
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The Snaith-Hamilton-Pleasure-Scale (SHAPS is a self-reported scale evaluating anhedonia for neuropsychiatric disorders. It has demonstrated with impressive psychometric properties and advantages in its applicability over other similar instruments. However, very few studies have been conducted to examine the clinical utility of the SHAPS in the context of Chinese settings. The current study aimed to examine the clinical utility of the translated version of the SHAPS in the Chinese clinical settings. Methods A Chinese version of SHAPS was administered to 336 college students to examine the internal consistency and test-retest reliability at a 4-week interval. Moreover, the translated SHAPS was also administered to 141 patients with major depression, 72 patients with schizophrenia, and 72 healthy controls to examine its clinical discrimination. Results The internal consistency of the SHAPS for the non-clinical sample and test-retest reliability at a 4- week interval were 0.85 and 0.64, respectively. Moreover, the SHAPS also showed an excellent internal consistency (alpha was 0.93 and a one-factor solution with the first factor accounted for 51.53% of the variance in the clinical psychiatric samples. ANOVA of the SHAPS total score indicated that the patients with depression scored significantly more anhedonia than the patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls (p Conclusions These findings suggest that the Chinese version of the SHAPS is a useful and promising instrument in assessing anhedonia for clinical patients and non-clinical individuals in the Chinese settings.
Poerschmann, J; Parsi, Z; Gorecki, T
2008-04-04
Analytical pyrolysis of sediments contaminated with pollutants of medium to high molecular weights (up to approximately 500 Da) is very challenging when using conventional pyrolysis systems due to discrimination of high molecular weight analytes. In the framework of this contribution, non-discriminating pyrolysis and thermochemolysis using rapid heating in a Silcosteel capillary were applied to study organic pollutants in heavily contaminated sediments taken from the Hamilton Harbor. The novel pyrolysis approach, requiring very small amounts of sample, turned out to be very useful as a rapid screening method, e.g. for risk assessment studies, proving superior to commonly used solvent extraction. Main pollutants in the sediments under study included aromatic hydrocarbons, chiefly originating from coal tar and petroleum. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) beyond six-rings, including coronene and truxene, could be detected. Sequential tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide-induced thermochemolysis performed at 500 and 750 degrees C enabled the differentiation between organic pollutants sorbed onto the sediment matrix on the one hand, and structural moieties of the condensed polymeric humic sediment matrix along with bound residues on the other hand. Thermochemolysis at 500 degrees C removed sorbates quantitatively, leaving only bare polymeric humic matrix. Significant PAH source indicators provided evidence that the lipidic fraction sorbed onto the sediments originated from PAHs formed chiefly in coal combustion processes. The polymeric humic organic matter network of the less polluted sediment was mainly of petrogenic origin, whereas black carbon, kerogen, etc. contributed to the organic carbon of the heavily polluted sediment. Thermochemolysis at 500 degrees C was also used to study fatty acid profiles of the sediments. The fatty acid methyl ester patterns obtained for the two sites under study differed significantly, with strong indications that microbial attenuation
The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression: A meta-analytic reliability generalization study
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José A. López-Pina
2009-01-01
Full Text Available La generalización de la fiabilidad es una aproximación meta-analítica para estudiar cómo las estimaciones de la fiabilidad a partir de las puntuaciones de los tests dependen de las características específicas en las que el test se aplica y, en consecuencia, el riesgo de inducir la fiabilidad de las puntuaciones a partir de aplicaciones previas del test. La Escala de Evaluación de la Depresión de Hamilton (HAM-D, por su nombre en inglés es uno de los instrumentos de medida más populares de la psicología clínica para evaluar los síntomas depresivos y de la que se han construido algunas versiones. El presente estudio meta-analítico es un estudio de generalización de la fiabilidad (GF para probar la heterogeneidad de las estimaciones de la fiabilidad a través de los estudios, examinar la influencia de distintas características y compara los resultados con los obtenidos en estudios previos de GF en otras escalas de depresión. Los análisis llevados a cabo con 35 coeficientes alfa obtenidos a partir de 23 estudios publicados mostraron una fiabilidad media de 0,79 (DT = 0,14, elevada heterogeneidad a través de los estudios y que algunas características de los estudios influyeron en la fiabilidad de las puntuaciones, principalmente el número de ítems, la variabilidad de las puntuaciones y el tipo de trastorno estudiado en la muestra. Además, se discuten las implicaciones para investigadores y clínicos cuando se utiliza la escala HAM-D.
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Arthur Kummer
2010-08-01
Full Text Available Anxiety is common in Parkinson's disease (PD, but studies concerning specific anxiety disorders are scarce. Essential psychometric properties of anxiety rating scales are also lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate general anxiety disorder (GAD in PD and psychometric properties of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (Ham-A. METHOD: Ninety-one PD patients underwent neurological and psychiatric examination, which included the MINI-Plus, the Ham-A and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (Ham-D. RESULTS: GAD was present in 30.8% of PD patients. Patients with GAD had longer disease duration (p=0.044 and were in use of higher doses of levodopa (p=0.034. They also tended to have more motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. The group with GAD scored higher in Ham-A (pAnsiedade é comum na doença de Parkinson (DP, mas estudos sobre transtornos de ansiedade específicos são ainda escassos. Faltam também estudos sobre propriedades psicométricas essenciais das escalas de ansiedade. OBJETIVO: Investigar o transtorno de ansiedade generalizada (TAG na DP e propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Ansiedade de Hamilton (Ham-A. MÉTODO: Noventa e um pacientes com DP se submeteram a exames neurológico e psiquiátrico, que incluiu o MINI-Plus, a Ham-A e a Escala de Depressão de Hamilton (Ham-D. RESULTADOS: TAG esteve presente em 30,8% dos participantes. Pacientes com TAG tinham maior duração de doença (p=0,044 e estavam em uso de maiores doses de levodopa (p=0,034. Também havia uma tendência desses pacientes terem mais flutuações motoras e discinesias. O grupo com TAG pontuou mais alto na Ham-A (p<0,001, nas subescalas somática (p<0,001 e psíquica da Ham-A (p<0,001, e na Ham-D (p=0,004. A Ham-A mostrou boa consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach=0,893 e um ponto de corte de 10/11 é sugerido para triar o TAG. CONCLUSÃO: TAG é freqüente na DP e a Ham-A pode ser um instrumento útil para triar esse transtorno.
Ângela Maria Alves e Souza; MARIA DE NAZARÉ DE OLIVEIRA FRAGA; LEILA MEMÓRIA PAIVA MORAES; MARIA LÚCIA PINHEIRO GARCIA; KARL DMITRI RAMOS MOURA; PAULO CÉSAR ALMEIDA
2008-01-01
La necesidad de evaluar la asistencia a un grupo de mujeres nos llevó a la aplicación de una escala. Fueron seleccionadas dieciocho usuarias con diagnóstico de trastornos neuróticos, relacionados al estrés y somato formes. Se aplicó la Escala de Evaluación de Ansiedad de Hamilton (HAM-A) con el objetivo de verificar el nivel de ansiedad antes y después de empezar las sesiones grupales. Realizamos 16 sesiones semanales, con desarrollo de técnicas de relajación y arte terapia, y como referencia...
Hossain, M Ilias
2013-01-01
Incorporating Parikh and Wilczek's opinion to the Kerr de-Sitter (KdS) black hole Hawking non-thermal and purely thermal radiations have been investigated using Hamilton-Jacobi method. We have taken the background spacetime of KdS black hole as dynamical, involving the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles, energy and angular momentum has been taken as conserved and show that the tunneling rate is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum. The explored results gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of KdS black hole.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Peng-Zhou; ZHANG Hong-Hao; ZHANG Shun-Li; YAN Wen-Bin; LI Xue-Song
2008-01-01
By using combinatorics, we give a new proof for the recurrence relations of the characteristic polynomial coefficients, and we further obtain an explicit expression for the generic term of the coefficient sequence, which yields the trace formulae of the Cayley-Hamilton's theorem with all coefficients explicitly given. This implies a byproduct, a complete expression for the determinant of any finite-dimensional matrix in terms of the traces of its successive powers.And we discuss some of their applications to chiral perturbation theory and general relativity.
Salisbury, Donald; Renn, Jürgen; Sundermeyer, Kurt
2016-02-01
Classical background independence is reflected in Lagrangian general relativity through covariance under the full diffeomorphism group. We show how this independence can be maintained in a Hamilton-Jacobi approach that does not accord special privilege to any geometric structure. Intrinsic space-time curvature-based coordinates grant equal status to all geometric backgrounds. They play an essential role as a starting point for inequivalent semiclassical quantizations. The scheme calls into question Wheeler’s geometrodynamical approach and the associated Wheeler-DeWitt equation in which 3-metrics are featured geometrical objects. The formalism deals with variables that are manifestly invariant under the full diffeomorphism group. Yet, perhaps paradoxically, the liberty in selecting intrinsic coordinates is precisely as broad as is the original diffeomorphism freedom. We show how various ideas from the past five decades concerning the true degrees of freedom of general relativity can be interpreted in light of this new constrained Hamiltonian description. In particular, we show how the Kuchař multi-fingered time approach can be understood as a means of introducing full four-dimensional diffeomorphism invariants. Every choice of new phase space variables yields new Einstein-Hamilton-Jacobi constraining relations, and corresponding intrinsic Schrödinger equations. We show how to implement this freedom by canonical transformation of the intrinsic Hamiltonian. We also reinterpret and rectify significant work by Dittrich on the construction of “Dirac observables.”
Utilisation of vegetable leaves for carp production
1996-01-01
The results of two sets of experiments on mono-culture of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and mixed culture of carps (grass carp 50 : catla 20 : rohu 15 : mrigal 15) fed exclusively with vegetable leaves are reported. The experiments were conducted with two replicates each in 0.02 ha ponds of Wastewater Aquaculture Division of the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Rahara during 1991-93. Monoculture of grass carp stocked at 1000/ha demonstrated an average net production of 21.0...
Papel de la carnitina palmitoiltransferasa 1A hipotalámica en el control de la ingesta
Mera Nanín, Paula
2012-01-01
[cat]La elevada incidencia de la obesidad y las enfermedades relacionadas han convertido en una prioridad el estudio de los mecanismos destinados a controlar la ingesta y el gasto calórico. Ambos procesos están regulados por las interacciones bidireccionales entre el sistema nervioso central y los órganos periféricos, las cuales permiten crear un mapa del estado energético del organismo y responder en consecuencia ajustando tanto el consumo de alimentos como el gasto de energía. El hipotá...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Eric Ramanujam
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Twenty-one species of fishes were recorded in Yercaud Lake and the surrounding hill streams during five surveys conducted from May 2011 to August 2012. Of the 21 species, 19 were recorded in Yercaud Lake, 10 in the stream leading to Kiliyur Falls and six and eight respectively in the Manjakuttai and Puthur hill streams. One translocated species (Gibelion catla and two exotics (Poecilia reticulata and Oreochromis mossambicus were recorded. Only one species Cirrhinus cirrhosus is listed as threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Hussain, Bilal; Sultana, Tayyaba; Sultana, Salma; Al-Ghanim, K A; Masood, Shahreef; Ali, Muhammad; Mahboob, Shahid
2017-03-01
This study investigates the potential of the comet and micronucleus assays of fish DNA as a means of screening the toxicity of aquatic environments. Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala collected from the River Chenab in Pakistan were used as a case study for the application of comet and micronucleus techniques. Comet and micronucleus assays were used to compare DNA damage in C. catla and C. mrigala collected from polluted areas of the River Chenab and farmed fish. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry showed an acute level of toxicity from Cd, Cu, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cr, Sn, and Hg in river water. Comet assay showed significant (p river. Tail moment was observed as 10.06 ± 2.71, 3.11 ± 0.74, and 14.70 ± 1.89, while olive moment was 8.85 ± 1.84, 3.83 ± 0.76, and 7.11 ± 0.73, respectively. Highly significant (p < 0.01) damage was reported in C. mrigala as 37.29 ± 2.51, 34.96 ± 2.53, and 38.80 ± 2.42% DNA in comet tail, tail moment was 23.48 ± 3.90, 19.78 ± 4.26, and 14.30 ± 1.82, and olive moment was 16.22 ± 2.04, 13.83 ± 1.96, and10.99 ± 0.90. Significant (p < 0.05) differences were observed in genotoxicity between farmed and polluted area fish. Micronucleus assay showed a similar picture of significant difference in respect to single and double micronucleus induction: i.e., 23.20 ± 4.19 and 2.80 ± 1.07‰ in C. catla and 44.80 ± 3.73 and 06.20 ± 0.97‰, respectively, in C. mrigala. Nuclear abnormalities were found as 6.00 ± 0.84 and 09.60 ± 1.72/thousand cells, respectively, in both species. The results of this study suggest that these novel fish DNA damage assays can be used as an expedient toxicity screening for aquatic environments.
2014-01-01
Past research in Hamilton, Ontario has found that age and longevity of residence are positively associated with evaluations of sense of place (SoP); further, evaluations of SoP between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals have shown no clear pattern (Williams et al. 2010; Williams and Kitchen 2012). This paper builds on this work by further examining evaluations of SoP among both immigrants and Canadian-born residents and across gender in Hamilton, while expanding the study to two other s...
Cagnetti, Filippo
2013-11-01
We consider a numerical scheme for the one dimensional time dependent Hamilton-Jacobi equation in the periodic setting. This scheme consists in a semi-discretization using monotone approximations of the Hamiltonian in the spacial variable. From classical viscosity solution theory, these schemes are known to converge. In this paper we present a new approach to the study of the rate of convergence of the approximations based on the nonlinear adjoint method recently introduced by L.C. Evans. We estimate the rate of convergence for convex Hamiltonians and recover the O(h) convergence rate in terms of the L∞ norm and O(h) in terms of the L1 norm, where h is the size of the spacial grid. We discuss also possible generalizations to higher dimensional problems and present several other additional estimates. The special case of quadratic Hamiltonians is considered in detail in the end of the paper. © 2013 IMACS.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shuhuan Wen
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper works on hybrid force/position control in robotic manipulation and proposes an improved radial basis functional (RBF neural network, which is a robust relying on the Hamilton Jacobi Issacs principle of the force control loop. The method compensates uncertainties in a robot system by using the property of RBF neural network. The error approximation of neural network is regarded as an external interference of the system, and it is eliminated by the robust control method. Since the conventionally fixed structure of RBF network is not optimal, resource allocating network (RAN is proposed in this paper to adjust the network structure in time and avoid the underfit. Finally the advantage of system stability and transient performance is demonstrated by the numerical simulations.
McGann, M; Dewar, R L; von Nessi, G
2010-01-01
The vanishing of the divergence of the total stress tensor (magnetic plus kinetic) in a neighborhood of an equilibrium plasma containing a toroidal surface of discontinuity gives boundary and jump conditions that strongly constrain allowable continuations of the magnetic field across the surface. The boundary conditions allow the magnetic fields on either side of the discontinuity surface to be described by surface magnetic potentials, reducing the continuation problem to that of solving a Hamilton--Jacobi equation. The characteristics of this equation obey Hamiltonian equations of motion, and a necessary condition for the existence of a continued field across a general toroidal surface is that there exist invariant tori in the phase space of this Hamiltonian system. It is argued from the Birkhoff theorem that existence of such an invariant torus is also, in general, sufficient for continuation to be possible. An important corollary is that the rotational transform of the continued field on a surface of disco...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
It is proved that if f is a Teichmüller self-mapping of the unit disk with a holomorphic quadratic differential φ1, and φ satisfies the growth condition m(φ,r) = 1/2π f02π |φ(reiθ)| dθ =o((1 - r)-s), r → 1, for any s ＞ 1, then f is extremal, and there exists a sequence {tn}, 0 ＜ tn ＜ 1, lim tn = 1, such that {φ(tnz)} is a Hamilton sequence. It is the precision of a n→∞ theorem of Reich-Strebel in 1974, and gives a fairly satisfactory answer to a question of Reich in 1988.
Kovach, Ryan P.; Luikart, Gordon; Lowe, Winsor H.; Boyer, Matthew C.; Muhlfeld, Clint C.
2016-01-01
Hamilton and Miller (2016) provide an interesting and provocative discussion of how hybridization and introgression can promote evolutionary potential in the face of climate change. They argue that hybridization—mating between individuals from genetically distinct populations—can alleviate inbreeding depression and promote adaptive introgression and evolutionary rescue. We agree that deliberate intraspecific hybridization (mating between individuals of the same species) is an underused management tool for increasing fitness in inbred populations (i.e., genetic rescue; Frankham 2015; Whiteley et al. 2015). The potential risks and benefits of assisted gene flow have been discussed in the literature, and an emerging consensus suggests that mating between populations isolated for approximately 50–100 generations can benefit fitness, often with a minor risk of outbreeding depression (Frankham et al. 2011; Aitken & Whitlock 2013; Allendorf et al. 2013).
Hamilton-Jacobi method and effective actions of D-brane and M-brane in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sato, Matsuo E-mail: machan@het.phys.sci.osaka-u.ac.jp; Tsuchiya, Asato E-mail: tsuchiya@het.phys.sci.osaka-u.ac.jp
2003-11-03
We show that the effective actions of D-brane and M-brane are solutions to the Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equations in supergravities. This fact means that these effective actions are on-shell actions in supergravities. These solutions to the H-J equations reproduce the supergravity solutions that represent D-branes in a B{sub 2} field, M2 branes and the M2-M5 bound states. The effective actions in these solutions are those of a probe D-brane and a probe M-brane. Our findings can be applied to the study of the gauge/gravity correspondence, especially the holographic renormalization group, and a search for new solutions of supergravity.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sakalli, I., E-mail: izzet.sakalli@emu.edu.tr; Mirekhtiary, S. F., E-mail: fatemeh.mirekhtiary@emu.edu.tr [Eastern Mediterranean University G. Magosa, Department of Physics (Turkey)
2013-10-15
Hawking radiation of a non-asymptotically flat 4-dimensional spherically symmetric and static dilatonic black hole (BH) via the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) method is studied. In addition to the naive coordinates, we use four more different coordinate systems that are well-behaved at the horizon. Except for the isotropic coordinates, direct computation by the HJ method leads to the standard Hawking temperature for all coordinate systems. The isotropic coordinates allow extracting the index of refraction from the Fermat metric. It is explicitly shown that the index of refraction determines the value of the tunneling rate and its natural consequence, the Hawking temperature. The isotropic coordinates in the conventional HJ method produce a wrong result for the temperature of the linear dilaton. Here, we explain how this discrepancy can be resolved by regularizing the integral possessing a pole at the horizon.
Sakalli, I.; Mirekhtiary, S. F.
2013-10-01
Hawking radiation of a non-asymptotically flat 4-dimensional spherically symmetric and static dilatonic black hole (BH) via the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) method is studied. In addition to the naive coordinates, we use four more different coordinate systems that are well-behaved at the horizon. Except for the isotropic coordinates, direct computation by the HJ method leads to the standard Hawking temperature for all coordinate systems. The isotropic coordinates allow extracting the index of refraction from the Fermat metric. It is explicitly shown that the index of refraction determines the value of the tunneling rate and its natural consequence, the Hawking temperature. The isotropic coordinates in the conventional HJ method produce a wrong result for the temperature of the linear dilaton. Here, we explain how this discrepancy can be resolved by regularizing the integral possessing a pole at the horizon.
Sakalli, I
2013-01-01
Hawking radiation of a non-asymptotically flat (NAF) 4-dimensional spherically symmetric and static dilatonic black hole (BH) via the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) method has been studied. In addition to the naive coordinates, we have used four more different coordinate systems which are well-behaved at the horizon. Except the isotropic coordinates, direct computation of the HJ method leads us the standard Hawking temperature for all coordinate systems. The isotropic coordinates render possible to get the index of refraction extracting from the Fermat metric. It is explicitly shown that the index of refraction determines the value of the tunneling rate and its natural consequence, Hawking temperature. The isotropic coordinates within the conventional HJ method produce wrong result for the temperature of the LDBH. Here, we explain how this discrepancy can be resolved by regularizing the integral possessing a pole at the horizon.
Rahman, M Atiqur
2013-01-01
The massive particles tunneling method has been used to investigate the Hawking non-thermal and purely thermal radiations of Schwarzschild Anti-de Sitter (SAdS) black hole. Considering the spacetime background to be dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles the imaginary part of the action has been derived from Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Using the conservation laws of energy and angular momentum we have showed that the non-thermal and purely thermal tunneling rates are related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum. The result obtained for SAdS black hole is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek\\rq s opinion and gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of SAdS black hole.
Hamilton-Jacobi method and effective actions of D-brane and M-brane in supergravity
Sato, Matsuo; Tsuchiya, Asato
2003-11-01
We show that the effective actions of D-brane and M-brane are solutions to the Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equations in supergravities. This fact means that these effective actions are on-shell actions in supergravities. These solutions to the H-J equations reproduce the supergravity solutions that represent D-branes in a B2 field, M2 branes and the M2-M5 bound states. The effective actions in these solutions are those of a probe D-brane and a probe M-brane. Our findings can be applied to the study of the gauge/gravity correspondence, especially the holographic renormalization group, and a search for new solutions of supergravity.
Rahman, M. Atiqur; Hossain, M. Ilias
2013-06-01
The massive particles tunneling method has been used to investigate the Hawking non-thermal and purely thermal radiations of Schwarzschild Anti-de Sitter (SAdS) black hole. Considering the spacetime background to be dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles the imaginary part of the action has been derived from Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Using the conservation laws of energy and angular momentum we have showed that the non-thermal and purely thermal tunneling rates are related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum. The result obtained for SAdS black hole is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek's opinion and gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of SAdS black hole.
Salisbury, Donald; Sundermeyer, Kurt
2015-01-01
Classical background independence is reflected in Lagrangian general relativity through covariance under the full diffeomorphism group. We show how this independence can be maintained in a Hamilton-Jacobi approach that does not accord special privilege to any geometric structure. Intrinsic spacetime curvature based coordinates grant equal status to all geometric backgrounds. They play an essential role as a starting point for inequivalent semi-classical quantizations. The scheme calls into question Wheeler's geometrodynamical approach and the associated Wheeler-DeWitt equation in which three-metrics are featured geometrical objects. The formalism deals with variables that are manifestly invariant under the full diffeomorphism group. Yet, perhaps paradoxically, the liberty in selecting intrinsic coordinates is precisely as broad as is the original diffeomorphism freedom. We show how various ideas from the past five decades concerning the true degrees of freedom of general relativity can be interpreted in light...
九节点Hamilton等参元列式%9-node Isoparametric Element of Hamilton Canonical Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邢瑞山; 卿光辉
2012-01-01
结合弹性材料修正后的H-R变分原理和九节点四边形等参元二次插值函数,建立了九节点Hamilton等参元列式的正则方程.简要地介绍了弹性材料修正后的H-R变分原理.基于变分原理使用3×3的高斯积分详细地推导了Hamilton正则方程的九节点等参元列式,使得九节点等参元在有限元法中的优越性与弹性力学Hamihon正则方程的半解析法得到了有机的结合.数值实例的结果证明了本文九节点Hamilton等参元列式的正确性.%The 9-node isoparametric element of Hamiltonian canonical equation has been established by combining the modified Hellinger-Reissner (H-R) variational principle of elastic material and quadratic interpolation function of 9-node quadrilateral isoparametric element. Firstly, the modified H-R variational principle for the elastic material was briefly presented. Then, based on the variational principle and the 3 ×3 Guass integration, the Hamilton canonical equation of 9-node isoparametric element was derived in detail. The advantages of 9-node isoparametric element in finite element were combined with the semi-analytical method of elasticity Hamilton canoncial equation organically. The results of numerical examples prove the correctness of the 9-node isoparametric element formulation.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
丁金凤; 金世欣; 张毅
2016-01-01
The fractional Noether symmetries and fractional conserved quantities for Hamilton system with time delay based on Caputo derivatives are discussed.The fractional Hamilton canonical equations of the corresconding system with time delay are established base upon the fractional Hamilton principle of the Hamilton systems with time delay.Then,the fractional Noether symmetries of the Hamilton system with time delay are obtained,which based on the invariance of the fractional Hamilton action with time delay under the infinitesimal transformations of group.Finally,fractional Noether theorems with time delay of the Hamilton system are established.At the end,one example is given to illustrate the application of the results.%提出并讨论了Caputo导数定义下的含时滞的Hamilton系统的分数阶Noether对称性与守恒量。根据含时滞的Hamilton系统的分数阶Hamilton原理，建立了相应的含时滞的分数阶Hamilton 正则方程；依据分数阶Hamilton作用量在无限小变换下的不变性，得到了含时滞的Hamilton系统的分数阶Noether对称性；最后，建立了系统的含时滞的分数阶Noether理论，并举例说明结果的应用。
Azim, M.E.; Wahab, M.A.; Dam, van A.A.; Beveridge, M.C.M.; Verdegem, M.C.J.
2001-01-01
The effects of periphyton, grown on bamboo substrates, on growth and production of two Indian major carps, rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton) and gonia, Labeo gonius (Linnaeus), were studied at the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. For each species, five ponds were provided with bamboo subs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bech, Per; Csillag, Claudio; Hellström, Lone;
2013-01-01
Objective: To use principal component analysis (PCA) to test the hypothesis that the items of the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D17) have been selected to reflect depression disability, whereas some of the items are specific for sub-typing depression into typical vs. atypical depression. Method:...
Szigeti, Jeno
2011-01-01
If A is an n \\times n matrix over a ring R satisfying the polynomial identity [x,y][u,v]=0, then an invariant Cayley-Hamilton identity of the form \\Sigma A^{i}c_{i,j}A^{j}=0 with c_{i,j}\\in R and c_{n,n}=(n!)^2 holds for A.
Osetrin, Konstantin; Osetrin, Evgeny
2015-01-01
The characteristics of dust matter in space-time models, admitting the existence of privilege coordinate systems are given, where the single-particle Hamilton-Jacobi equation can be integrated by the method of complete separation of variables. The resulting functional form of the 4-velocity field and energy density of matter for all types of spaces under consideration is presented.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1996-02-01
The decision document presents the selected remedial action for Operable Unit 1 of the FEMP site in Hamilton and Butler Counties, Ohio. Operable Unit 1 consists of Waste Pits 1 through 6, the Burn Pit, the Clearwell, and associated environmental media (excluding groundwater).
Swenson, Sarah A
2015-12-01
W.D. Hamilton's theory of inclusive fitness saw the evolution of altruism from the point of view of the gene. It was at heart a theory of limits, redefining altruistic behaviours as ultimately selfish. This theory inspired two controversial texts published almost in tandem, E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) and Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene (1976). When Wilson and Dawkins were attacked for their evolutionary interpretations of human societies, they claimed a distinction between reporting what is and declaring what ought to be. Can the history of sociobiological theories be so easily separated from its sociopolitical context? This paper draws upon unpublished materials from the 1960s and early 1970s and documents some of the ways in which Hamilton saw his research as contributing to contemporary concerns. It pays special attention to the 1969 Man and Beast Smithsonian Institution symposium in order to explore the extent to which Hamilton intended his theory to be merely descriptive versus prescriptive. From this, we may see that Hamilton was deeply concerned about the political chaos he perceived in the world around him, and hoped to arrive at a level of self-understanding through science that could inform a new social order.
Molnár, Orsolya; Bajer, Katalin; Mészáros, Boglárka; Török, János; Herczeg, Gábor
2013-06-01
During female mate choice, conspicuous male sexual signals are used to infer male quality and choose the best sire for the offspring. The theory of parasite-mediated sexual selection (Hamilton-Zuk hypothesis) presumes that parasite infection can influence the elaboration of sexual signals: resistant individuals can invest more energy into signal expression and thus advertise their individual quality through signal intensity. By preferring these males, females can provide resistance genes for their offspring. Previous research showed that nuptial throat colour of male European green lizard, Lacerta viridis, plays a role in both inter- and intrasexual selections as a condition-dependent multiple signalling system. The aim of this study was to test the predictions of the Hamilton-Zuk hypothesis on male European green lizards. By blood sampling 30 adult males during the reproductive season, we found members of the Haemogregarinidae family in all but one individual (prevalence = 96%). The infection intensity showed strong negative correlation with the throat and belly colour brightness in line with the predictions of the Hamilton-Zuk hypothesis. In addition, we found other correlations between infection intensity and other fitness-related traits, suggesting that parasite load has a remarkable effect on individual fitness. This study shows that throat patch colour of the European green lizards not only is a multiple signalling system but also possibly acts as an honest sexual signal of health state in accordance with the Hamilton-Zuk hypothesis.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anastasia A. Batrakova
2015-11-01
Full Text Available Known, that some teleostei can perceive the geomagnetic field (GMF. However, the information about magnetosensitivity in Cyprinidae fish from artificial and natural habitats is obscure. We have registered preferred directions in Danio rerio (Hamilton from aquaria-cultivated line exposed to the natural GMF, 180 degrees reversal of horizontal GMF component, 180 degrees reversal of vertical GMF component, 180 degrees reversal of both vertical and horizontal GMF components and 90 degrees clockwise turn of horizontal GMF component. We also registered the preferred directions in Rutilus rutilus (L. from Rybinsk reservoir exposed to the natural GMF and 90 degrees clockwise turn of horizontal GMF component. It was found that zebrafish prefer two opposite directions towards east and west in the natural GMF. When the horizontal component of GMF was turned 90 degrees clockwise D. rerio prefer two opposite directions towards north and south. The possible reason of bimodality in zebrafish’s preferred directions distributions is discussed. The only direction towards east-north-east observed in roach under the natural GMF. This direction coincided with the way from the place of capture to the streamflow part of Rybinsk reservoir. And it was changed by south-south-east direction when turned the horizontal component of GMF 90 degrees clockwise. The possible reason of the choosing directions by fish with GMF is discussed.
Csiszar, Susan A; Gandhi, Nilima; Alexy, Radka; Benny, Donald T; Struger, John; Marvin, Chris; Diamond, Miriam L
2011-07-01
A model formulation based on "aquivalence", as defined in terms of activity is presented to estimate the multimedia fate of ionizing chemicals. The aquivalence approach is analogous to fugacity but aquivalence is applicable to neutral and ionizing compounds, and has been applied previously to speciating chemicals, notably metals. The new aquivalence-based mass-balance model treats ionizing organic compounds that exist as interconverting neutral and ionic species which are subject to fate processes at differing rates. The model is illustrated by application to four ionizing pharmaceuticals in Hamilton Harbour, Lake Ontario. At the system pH of 7.9-8.5, ibuprofen, gemfibrozil, and naproxen are expected to be almost entirely ionic and triclosan split between ionic and neutral forms. Measured seasonal surface water concentrations, which were 2-10 times lower in the late summer and fall than during spring, were used to solve for unknown values of chemical half-life in the water column due to degradation (photo- and bio-) of the ionizing and neutral forms and secondarily, ionic sorption coefficients of the ionizing forms. Model estimates of half-lives in the habour's water ranged from 11 to 77, 11 to 147 and 10 to 37 for ionic ibuprofen, gemfibrozil, and naproxen, respectively; and 4-22 days and 2-9 days for ionic and neutral triclosan, respectively, with the shortest half-lives in spring and the longest in summer.
Mondal, Debashri; Barat, Sudip; Mukhopadhyay, M K
2007-01-01
Static renewal bioassay tests were conducted to evaluate the acute toxicity of two neem based biopesticides, applied widely on tea plantation namely, Nimbecidine and Neem Gold either separately as well as, in combination to the fingerlings (mean body length- 4.46 +/- 0.15 cm; mean body weight- 0.49 +/- 0.15g) of a fresh water loach, Lepidocephalichthys guntea (Hamilton Buchanan) acclimatized to laboratory conditions prior to experiment. The 96 hours LC50 values for Nimbecidine and Neem Gold and the combination of the two were 0.0135 mgl(-1), 0.0525mgl(-1) and 0.0396 mgl(-1), respectively. The regular water quality analysis showed, that with increasing doses of biopesticides, dissolved oxygen level was lower and other parameters like pH, free carbon dioxide, total alkalinity total hardness, chloride ions of water increased. The fish under toxicity stress suffered several abnormalities such as erratic and rapid movement, body imbalance and surface floating responding proportionately to the increase in concentrations of the toxicant biopesticides. The 96 hours LC50 values proved Nimbecidine more toxic than Neem Gold and the combination of the two biopesticides.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Koraliya S. Todorova
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the concurrent validity of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17 against ICD-10 criteria for depressive disorder and its performance as a screening and diagnostic tool for depression in patients with epilepsy (PWE.Subjects and Methods: One hundred and six PWE underwent clinical psychiatric examination followed by evaluation on HAMD-17. ICD-10 criteria for comorbid depressive disorder were applied. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach’s α. A “receiver operating characteristics” (ROC curve was obtained and the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV were calculated for different cut-off points of the HAMD-17.Results: Internal consistency measured by Cronbach’s α was 0.74. Maximal discrimination between depressed and non depressed was obtained at a cut-off score of 8/9 (sensitivity 0.93, specificity 0.98. High sensitivity and NPV at the same cut-off score (sensitivity 0.93, NPV 1.0 show the screening properties, and high specificity and PPV at cut-offs 9/10, the diagnostic properties of the instrument. The area under the ROC curve (AUC=0.746 indicates the concurrent validity of the HAMD-17 score with the ICD-10 criteria for depressive disorder.Conclusion: The validity of the HAMD-17 against ICD-10 criteria for depressive disorder in PWE in our study is fair. The concurrent administration of diagnostic criteria can ascertain the presence of core symptoms of depression.
Dewi, Kartika; Palm, Harry W
2013-01-25
Based on light and scanning electron microscopy, two new species of philometrid nematodes, Spirophilometra endangae sp. nov. and Philometra epinepheli sp. nov. (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea: Philometridae) are described from Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822) (Perciformes: Serranidae) from the South Bali Sea, Indonesia. Spirophilometra endangae sp. nov. was isolated from the fins of E. coioides. The new species can be distinguished from the most closely related S. eichleri Parukhin, 1971 by a larger total body length and the site of infection in the host. The new species differs from S. centropomi (Caballero, 1974) also in the larger body size of the gravid females and the site of infection in the host. S. en-dangae sp. nov. differs from S. pacifica (Moravec, Santana-Pineros, Gonzales-Solis & Torres-Huerta, 2007) in the struc-ture and arrangement of the spines on the middle part of the body, the infection site of the worm, the type host and the zoogeographical host distribution. Philometra epinepheli sp. nov. differs from all other Philometra spp. congeners so far recorded from Ephinepelus groupers in the total body length and the site of infection. This is the first opercula-infecting species of Philometra described from the fish family Serranidae.
Nagoor Gani, A; Latha, S R
2016-01-01
A Hamiltonian cycle in a graph is a cycle that visits each node/vertex exactly once. A graph containing a Hamiltonian cycle is called a Hamiltonian graph. There have been several researches to find the number of Hamiltonian cycles of a Hamilton graph. As the number of vertices and edges grow, it becomes very difficult to keep track of all the different ways through which the vertices are connected. Hence, analysis of large graphs can be efficiently done with the assistance of a computer system that interprets graphs as matrices. And, of course, a good and well written algorithm will expedite the analysis even faster. The most convenient way to quickly test whether there is an edge between two vertices is to represent graphs using adjacent matrices. In this paper, a new algorithm is proposed to find fuzzy Hamiltonian cycle using adjacency matrix and the degree of the vertices of a fuzzy graph. A fuzzy graph structure is also modeled to illustrate the proposed algorithms with the selected air network of Indigo airlines.
L’«invenzione» della complementarità del pensiero federalista di Kant e Hamilton in Italia
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Corrado Malandrino
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The ‘invention’ of the ‘complementarity’ of Kant’s and Hamilton’s federalist thought is the result of Mario Albertini’s philosophical elaboration. His idea of this ‘complementarity’ is bound to join together in one theoretical unit the value of the ‘perpetual peace’ among nation-states with the constitutional concept of the liberal right in the international (and particularly European frame. Albertini says this is possible, like both Kant and Hamilton demonstrated in theirs federalist essays (Zum ewigen Frieden and The Federalist, through the theory of the federal state. Therefore Kant’s and Hamilton’s political discourses are, in the opinion of Albertini and of his students, ‘complementary’ and constitute a homogeneous nucleus. Nevertheless Albertini’s theory appears as a rhetorical ‘invention’, that is a rhetorical procedure and argument to elaborate a convincing federalist ideology, not a result of scientific proceedings and discovery.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
ÂNGELA MARIA ALVES E SOUZA
2008-01-01
Full Text Available La necesidad de evaluar la asistencia a un grupo de mujeres nos llevó a la aplicación de una escala. Fueron seleccionadas dieciocho usuarias con diagnóstico de trastornos neuróticos, relacionados al estrés y somato formes. Se aplicó la Escala de Evaluación de Ansiedad de Hamilton (HAM-A con el objetivo de verificar el nivel de ansiedad antes y después de empezar las sesiones grupales. Realizamos 16 sesiones semanales, con desarrollo de técnicas de relajación y arte terapia, y como referencial la Terapia de Gestalt de corta duración. Después de las secciones de grupo, el nivel de ansiedad de las mujeres acompañadas a través de abordaje grupal, tuvo reducción significativa en lo que se refiere a los síntomas que habían aparecido como características determinantes para su sufrimiento psíquico.
Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Fish Collected from the River Ravi, Pakistan
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghazala Jabeen*, Muhammad Javed and Hamda Azmat
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The toxicity of heavy metals viz. aluminium (Al, arsenic (As, barium (Ba, chromium (Cr, nickel (Ni and zinc (Zn in fish at three main public fishing sites of the river Ravi viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage has been studied from June, 2009 to May, 2010. The concentrations of heavy metals in the body organs (gills, liver, kidney, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, muscle, fins, scales, bones, fats of three fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala were determined. The present results reveal that the toxicity of metals fluctuated significantly in fish at all the three sampling stations with season. The fish samples collected from all the three sampling stations had significantly higher aluminium and zinc. However, the fish at Sidhnai barrage showed significantly lower metallic toxicity, followed by that at Baloki headworks and Shahdara bridge. Significantly higher metals were observed in fish liver, followed by that of kidney, gills, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, scales, fins, bones, muscle and fats. The accumulation of metals in carnivorous fish body organs showed significantly direct dependence on the metallic toxicity of herbivorous cyprinids. Fish liver and kidney showed significantly higher abilities for the accumulation of all metals while accumulations were lowest in fish muscle and fats. The health status of river Ravi at three main public fishing sites viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage, with respect to eco-toxicity of Al, As, Ba, Cr, Ni and Zn was above the recommended permissible standards.
Raja, Waseem Hussain; Kumar, Sunil; Bhat, Zuhaib Fayaz; Kumar, Pavan
2014-01-01
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ambient storage on the quality attributes of aerobically packaged fish curls incorporated with optimum levels of different flours. The curls were developed by extrusion technology using fish meat (Catla catla). The fish curls containing optimum levels of different flours viz. 20 percent corn flour, 10 percent black gram flour and 10 percent peanut flour were compared with the control snacks containing 30 percent rice flour and assessed for storage quality and shelf life at ambient temperature. The curls were aerobically packaged in LDPE (low density polyethylene) pouches and evaluated for various physicochemical, microbiological and sensory parameters. Mean values of pH of all the curls showed significantly (p flour incorporated samples, 6.36 ± 0.01 on day 0 and 6.14 ± 0.01 on day 28 for black gram flour incorporated samples, 6.57 ± 0.007 on day 0 and 6.34 ± 0.01 on day 28 for peanut flour incorporated samples). TBARS (mg malonaldehyde/kg), total plate count (log cfu/g) and yeast and mould count (log cfu/g) for the control as well as treatment samples showed significantly (p flours were acceptable up to 21 days of ambient storage within the LDPE pouches.
Fish growth, yield and economics of conventional feed and weed based polyculture in ponds
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Md Asadujjaman
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Fish growth, yield and economics of polyculture were evaluated for six months from April to September, 2011 in ponds of Kushtia district, Bangladesh under 4 treatments of feeds and weeds as T0: rice bran, wheat bran and mustard oilcake; T1: Azolla; T2: Grass and T3: Banana leaf. Each treatment had 3 replications. Mean initial stocking weight of fishes like Hypophthalmichthyes molitrix, Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala, Cyprinus carpio, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Barbonymus gonionotus was 62, 64, 57, 54, 63, 65 and 25 g, respectively. Stocking density (11,115 fishes/ha, liming (250 kg/ha, basal fertilization (Cowdung, 1,500 kg/ha; urea, 60 kg/ha; and Triple Super Phosphate, TSP 60 kg/ha and periodic fertilization (Urea, 2.5 kg/ha/day; and TSP, 2.5 kg/ha/day were same for all the treatments. Water quality parameters (water temperature, transparency, dissolved oxygen, pH, alkalinity and free carbon dioxide were monitored fortnightly and fish growth parameters (weight gain and Specific Growth Rate, SGR were monitored monthly. Treatments did not vary significantly for the mean water quality parameters. Treatment T0 varied more significantly (P<0.05 for the mean final weight, weight gain, SGR, survival rate and yield for almost all the species except C. idella and B. gonionotus. Significantly highest CBR was recorded with treatment T1.
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Utpal Singha Roy
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Metals are one of the major chemical toxicants that can perturb environmental homogeneity by their prolonged persistence and complex interactions. Bioaccumulation of any metal above its threshold level invariably results in stress often leading to irreversible physiological conditions. The present investigation was carried out to study the potential stress that fish species are facing in wastewater-fed (contaminated fishponds in East Calcutta Wetlands (ECWs, manifested in total protein and metallothionein (MT concentrations. Indian major carps (IMCs – rohu (Labeo rohita, katla (Catla catla and mrigel (Cirrhinus mrigala were used as suitable fish models. Total protein concentration of different fish tissues were found to be always lower in wastewater-fed fishponds when compared to fish tissues from freshwater-fed (uncontaminated fishponds, while an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA revealed a higher expression of MT in all the fish tissues collected from wastewater-fed fishponds. Major significances drawn from the present study were that fish species cultivated in east Calcutta wetland, with its ecosystem being under a potential threat of contamination and stress induced by composite effluents, could lead to adverse physiological conditions. Moreover, these findings could be important in terms of designing biomarkers for an early environmental warning system and also for monitoring fish health.
Adhikari, S; Ghosh, L; Rai, S P; Ayyappan, S
2009-12-01
The concentrations of lead, cadmium, chromium, copper, and zinc were investigated in the sewage-fed pond water, sediment, and the various organs of Labeo rohita, Catla catla, Cirrhinus mrigala, Oreochromis mossambicus, and Cyprinus carpio cultured in sewage-fed ponds, Kolkata, India. Among the metals, cadmium, lead, and zinc were detected in water and, except lead, were below the water quality guideline levels for the protection of freshwater aquatic life proposed by CEQG (Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines) and AENV (Alberta Environment). Therefore, lead could pose danger to aquatic organisms. All the five metals were detected in the sediment and, except cadmium and lead, were below the sediment quality guideline levels for aquatic life proposed by EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). Therefore, these two metals could be toxic to aquatic organisms. Significant (P > 0.05) differences were observed among the five fish species for all these metals accumulation. Also, significant (P > 0.05) differences were noticed among these metals accumulation in fish organs. Cadmium showed the least bioaccumulation, while zinc showed the highest bioaccumulation in all the fish species. Though the metal concentration in the different fish tissues was variable, the highest concentration was found in kidney and the lowest in the muscle. Concentrations of these metals in the muscle tissue of all the fish species were well below the consumption safety tolerance in fish set by WHO/FAO, and thus, so far as these metals are concerned, these sewage-fed cultured fishes are safe and suitable for human consumption.
Genetic fragmentation in India's third longest river system, the Narmada.
Khedkar, Gulab D; Jamdade, Rahul; Kalyankar, Amol; Tiknaik, Anita; Ron, Tetsuzan Benny; Haymer, David
2014-01-01
India's third longest river, the Narmada, is studied here for the potential effects on native fish populations of river fragmentation due to various barriers including dams and a waterfall. The species we studied include a cyprinid fish, Catla catla, and a mastacembelid, Mastacembelus armatus, both of which are found in the Narmada. Our goal was to use DNA sequence information from the D-loop region of the mitochondrial DNA to explore how this fragmentation could impact the genetic structure of these fish populations. Our results clearly show that these barriers can contribute to the fragmentation of the genetic structure of these fish communities, Furthermore, these barriers enhance the effects of natural isolation by distance and the asymmetry of dispersal flows. This may be a slow process, but it can create significant isolation and result in genetic disparity. In particular, populations furthest upstream having low migration rates could be even more subject to genetic impoverishment. This study serves as a first report of its kind for a river system on the Indian subcontinent. The results of this study also emphasize the need for appropriate attention towards the creation of fish passages across the dams and weirs that could help in maintaining biodiversity.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bachner, Yaacov G; O'Rourke, Norm; Goldfracht, Margalit
2013-01-01
The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) is commonly used as a screening instrument, as a continuous measure of change in depressive symptoms over time, and as a means to compare the relative efficacy of treatments. Among several abridged versions, the 6-item HAM-D6 is used most widely in lar...... degree because of its good psychometric properties. The current study compares both self-report and clinician-rated versions of the Hebrew version of this scale....
三种耦合 RLC 电路的 Lagrange 函数和 Hamilton 函数%LAGRANGIANS AND HAMILTONIANS OF THREE COUPLED RLC CIRCUITS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
丁光涛
2014-01-01
利用 Lagrange 力学逆问题理论和方法，构造电感、电容和电阻三种耦合 RLC 电路的 Lagrange 函数和Hamilton 函数。%The Lagrangians and the Hamiltonians of inductively coupled RLC circuit,capacitive coupling RLC circuit and resistance coupled RLC circuit were constructed by using theory and methods of inverse problem of La-grangian mechanics.
Gallina, Melissa; Williams, Allison
Past research in Hamilton, Ontario has found that age and longevity of residence are positively associated with evaluations of sense of place (SoP); further, evaluations of SoP between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals have shown no clear pattern (Williams et al. 2010; Williams and Kitchen 2012). This paper builds on this work by further examining evaluations of SoP among both immigrants and Canadian-born residents and across gender in Hamilton, while expanding the study to two other small-to-medium sized cities: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. This paper has two objectives: (1) to establish measures of SoP across immigrant status and gender in Hamilton, Saskatoon, and Charlottetown; and, (2) to determine how SoP varies according to immigrant status, length of residence in Canada, age, income, and neighbourhood length of residence across the three city sites. Telephone survey data (n = 1,132) was used to compare evaluations of SoP across various groups and to construct an ordered logistic regression model for SoP. Results suggest that immigrants tended to rate their SoP lower than their Canadian-born counterparts. Hamilton residents were found to rate their SoP lowest, followed by Saskatoon residents and, finally, Charlottetown residents. Younger individuals, those with lower income levels, and those with shorter neighbourhood residency in the cities concerned were more likely to have lower evaluations of SoP. This research suggests that greater attention is needed to nurture immigrants' connection with their new home.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the USCGC HAMILTON in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) project. Data were collected by the US Coast Guard...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station D (4400N 4100W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station B (5630N 5100W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bathythermograph data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station D (4400N 04100W) and in transit. Data were collected by the...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station B (5630N 5100W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bathythermograph data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station B (5630N 05100W) and in transit. Data were collected by the...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the USCGC HAMILTON in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). Data were collected by the US Coast Guard from 30...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bathythermograph data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station C (5245N 03530W) and in transit. Data were collected by the...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the USCGC HAMILTON in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). Data were collected by the US Coast Guard from 15...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station C (5245N 03530W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the USCGC HAMILTON in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). Data were collected by the US Coast Guard from 10...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station B (5630N 5100W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic station data were collected from the HAMILTON within a 1-mile radius of Ocean Weather Station B (5630N 5100W) and in transit. Data were collected by...
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Arain Altaf
2009-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Variations in air pollution exposure within a community may be associated with asthma prevalence. However, studies conducted to date have produced inconsistent results, possibly due to errors in measurement of the exposures. Methods A standardized asthma survey was administered to children in grades one and eight in Hamilton, Canada, in 1994–95 (N ~1467. Exposure to air pollution was estimated in four ways: (1 distance from roadways; (2 interpolated surfaces for ozone, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter and nitrous oxides from seven to nine governmental monitoring stations; (3 a kriged nitrogen dioxide (NO2 surface based on a network of 100 passive NO2 monitors; and (4 a land use regression (LUR model derived from the same monitoring network. Logistic regressions were used to test associations between asthma and air pollution, controlling for variables including neighbourhood income, dwelling value, state of housing, a deprivation index and smoking. Results There were no significant associations between any of the exposure estimates and asthma in the whole population, but large effects were detected the subgroup of children without hayfever (predominately in girls. The most robust effects were observed for the association of asthma without hayfever and NO2LUR OR = 1.86 (95%CI, 1.59–2.16 in all girls and OR = 2.98 (95%CI, 0.98–9.06 for older girls, over an interquartile range increase and controlling for confounders. Conclusion Our findings indicate that traffic-related pollutants, such as NO2, are associated with asthma without overt evidence of other atopic disorders among female children living in a medium-sized Canadian city. The effects were sensitive to the method of exposure estimation. More refined exposure models produced the most robust associations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Md Yeamin Hossain; Md Foyzul Hassan Fahad; Md Mosaddequr Rahman; Nipa Chaki; Saleha Jasmine; Zoarder Faruque Ahmed; Jun Ohtomi
2013-01-01
Objective: To investigate biometrics of the Rhinomugil corsula (Hamilton, 1822) (R. corsula), including length-weight relationships (LWRs), condition factors (Allometric, KA; Fulton’s, KF; Relative, KR; Relative weight, WR), and sex ratio and length-frequency distributions in the Ganges (Padma River), Northwestern Bangladesh. Methods: Monthly sampling was conducted using traditional fishing gears during June to August 2w0e1i2g.h Tt owtaals l emnegatshu wreads umseinasgu arend e tloe ctthreo nnieca breaslat n0c.0e1 wcmith u sing digital slide calipers, and total body using the expression: W= a 0.01 g accuracy. The LWR was calculated ×Lb, where the W is the body weight , L is the total length , a and b are the parameters of the regression. Results: A total of 350 specimens ranging from 8.59-15.71 cm in total length and 9.57-32.59 g in bfroodmy wtheei gehxt pweecrtee da nvaallyuzee do df u1r:i1n g(χ t2his study. The overall sex ratio was not significantly different =2.57, P>0.05), but there was significant difference in the length-frequency distributions between the sexes (P=0.03). The allometric coefficient b for the LWR indicated negative allometric growth (b≈3.00) in males, female and combined sexes. Results fmuertahne rW indicated that KF was not significantly different between the sexes (P=0.57). However, the R of R. corsula showed significant differences from 100 for males (P=0.03) and females (pPre
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P. G. L. Leach
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Dirac devised his theory of Quantum Mechanics and recognised that his operators resembled the canonical coordinates of Hamiltonian Mechanics. This gave the latter a new lease of life. We look at what happens to Dirac’s Quantum Mechanics if one starts from Hamiltonian Mechanics.
FLOODPLAIN, HAMILTON COUNTY, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...
Escala Hamilton: estudo das características psicométricas em uma amostra do sul do Brasil
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Manoela Ávila Freire
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Objetivo Investigar as características psicométricas de uma versão traduzida da escala, propondo uma Versão Revisada que atenda aos critérios de adaptação transcultural para o contexto brasileiro. Métodos Este estudo incluiu 231 sujeitos – deprimidos (45,5%, bipolares (7,8% e saudáveis (46,7% – que participaram de uma pesquisa epidemiológica no sul do Brasil. A avaliação de transtornos mentais foi realizada por meio da Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID e uma versão traduzida da Escala de Avaliação de Depressão de Hamilton (HAM-D, que habitualmente vem sendo utilizada no país sem estudos de adaptação. Resultados Identificou-se o ponto de corte (9 pontos para discriminar a presença ou não de sintomas de depressão pela análise da curva ROC, resultando em uma sensibilidade e especificidade de 90 e 91%, respectivamente. A validade interna foi investigada pela análise fatorial e consistência dos itens. Dos 17 itens originais, apenas o item que avalia a “consciência do transtorno” não apresentou carga fatorial satisfatória para avaliar depressão geral e foi eliminado; os 16 restantes agruparam-se em cinco dimensões, denominadas: Humor deprimido, Anorexia, Insônia, Somatização e Ansiedade, as quais, com exceção da última, mostraram homogeneidade nos seus construtos (coeficientes alfa entre 0,66 e 0,78. Na análise de conteúdo dos itens, cinco especialistas sugeriram alterações redacionais em sete itens. Conclusão O estudo determina um ponto de corte diferente do original e evidencia características psicométricas favoráveis para a utilização da escala no Brasil.
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Md. Abdus Samad
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Objective: To conduct on sustainable fingerling production technique of endangered Labeo calbasu (Hamilton, 1822 (L. calbasu based on different protein levels in ponds. Methods: The experiment was carried out under rearing pond in fish hatchery complex with three treatments group each having three replicates under department of fisheries, University of Rajshahi. L. calbasu were stocked at 41990/ha in T1, T2 and T3, respectively. The initial length of L. calbasu in three treatments were (4.60 ± 0.10 cm and initial weights were (3.48 ± 0.01 g. Fishes were fed with 28%, 30%, 32% protein supplement for T1, T2, T3, respectively. The fishes were initially fed at 10% of body weight on 1st and 2nd fortnight. Then it was decreased at 8% of body weight on 3rd and 4th fortnight. Finally in 5th fortnight they were fed 5% of body weight. The physico-chemical characteristics of pond water were measured fortnightly. Results: The mean final weight gain was found highest in T3 (40.87 ± 0.01 g which was significant compared to T1 and T2. SGR (% bwd–1 was found 2.83 ± 0.02 (T1, 3.04 ± 0.01 (T2 and 3.39 ± 0.01 (T3. The highest survival rate of L. calbasu was found in T3 (90.00 ± 1.00 and the lowest was found in T1 (87.00 ± 1.00. The best FCR (1.54 ± 0.01 was observed in T 3 fed with 32% protein supplement. The highest production was observed in T3 (1672.20 ± 16.96 kg/ha/75 days and lowest was observed in T1 (1055.50 ± 29.04 kg/ha/75 days. The highest net benefit was calculated in T3 (260663.00 ± 4326.88 tk. and lowest was found in T1 (112831.00 ± 7383.66 tk.. The CBR was found 0.60 ± 0.04, 0.80 ± 0.02 and 1.16 ± 0.02 in T1, T2 and T3, respectively. There were significant differences in CBR values among the three treatments. Conclutions: In this study, growth parameters i.e., weight gain, SGR (% bwd–1, length gain, total yield were significantly (P < 0.05 improved in T3 treatment fed with 32% protein supplemented diets.
Hamilton体系下压电材料层合板特征值灵敏度分析%SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF EIGENVALUE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC IN HAMILTON SYSTEMS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
卢翔; 李顶河; 徐建新; 卿光辉
2011-01-01
在Hamilton体系下,基于区间B(B-spline wavelet on the interval)-样条小波有限元法研究压电材料特征值的灵敏度分析问题,推导压电材料特征值响应灵敏度系数的控制方程.利用二分法求得压电材料层合板前4阶特征值对材料密度的灵敏度系数,并与有限差分法所得结果相比较,证明所提方法的可靠性.结果表明,在Hamilton体系下求解特征值的灵敏度系数是可行的.%In the structural shape optimization (SSO) procedures, one of the main difficulties is to perform an accurate sensitivity analysis for the structural response with respect to some parameters. At present, the analytical, semi-analytical and finite difference methods are the most commonly used. In Hamilton systems, the sensitivity analysis of eigenvalue response was studied for piezoelectric laminated plates, and the governing equation of sensitivity coefficients of eigenvalue for piezoelectric laminated plates was derived based on B-spline wavelet on the interval (BSWI) wavelets element methods in the present work. So the sensitivity coefficients of eigenvalue would be obtained in Hamilton system, while it just would be gained in Lagrange system before. Sensitivity coefficients of eigenvalue of first 4 ranks with respect to density are obtained by bisection mehtod. And the numerical results of bisection mehtod are compared with that of the finite difference methods. The reliability of this eigenvalue sensitivity analysis method which based on wavelets and Hamilton systems is proved by this compare.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kyle, Phillip Raphael; Lemming, Ole; Timmerby, Nina
2016-01-01
Abstract: Our objectivewas to validate the different versions of the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) both psychometrically (scalability) and clinically in discriminating antidepressants from placebo in terms of remission rates in an 8-week clinical trial in the acute treatment of major depression...... in the longer HAM-D versions indicated smaller discriminating validity over placebo. The HAM-D6 indicated a dose effect on remission for vortioxetine in both moderate and severe major depression. The brief HAM-D6 was thus found superior to HAM-D17, HAM-D21, and HAM-D24 both in terms of scalability...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Field, J H [Departement de Physique Nucleaire et Corpusculaire, Universite de Geneve, 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)
2006-12-15
It is demonstrated how all the mechanical equations of classical electromagnetism (CEM) may be derived from only Coulomb's inverse square force law, special relativity and Hamilton's principle. The instantaneous nature of the Coulomb force in the centre-of-mass frame of two interacting charged objects, mediated by the exchange of space-like virtual photons, is predicted by quantum electrodynamics (QED). The interaction Lagrangian of QED is shown to be identical, in the appropriate limit, to the potential energy term in the Lorentz-invariant Lagrangian of CEM. A comparison is made with the Feynman-Wheeler action-at-a-distance formulation of CEM.
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Douglas R. Givens
1996-05-01
Full Text Available This book is a very unique look into the legacy of Frank Hamilton Cushing at Zuni and his influence on the Zuni people by the Zuni cartoonist Phil Hughte. This volume of Hughte's cartoons depicts Cushing at various periods and important moments of his career at Zuni. Although Hughte's cartoons selected Cushing moments at Zuni require no words to express Cushing's influence on the pueblo, Hughte provides captions to each of his cartoons designed to explain what Cushing was doing to the reader who is not intimately knowledgeable about Cushing's work.
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Suchánek, Pavel
2012-09-01
Full Text Available This essay examines the portrait of Maximilian von Hamilton (1714-1776, the last Prince-Bishop of Olomouc/Olmütz, painted between 1769 and 1772 by Franz Adolph of Freenthal (1721-1773, a former painter to the British royal court. The study focuses in turn on three visual motifs in Hamilton's portrait: the rhetorical gestures of the sitter, his attire and the way he is depicted, and the form of presentation and the function of the painting in the ceremonial space of the princely residence. In examining each of these motifs, account is taken of the specific visual conventions applied in this genre, and of the contemporary rules of visual rhetoric. By referencing the classical motif of modesty and moderation from antiquity, Adolph underlined the importance of the ideal of antiquity and with it "natural" speech and behaviour. He attempted to express the spirit of antiquity by comparing contemporary clothing and rhetorical gestures to those of the orators or other public figures of antiquity. In a similar way to contemporary British painters, he thus referenced models taken from antiquity, with the aim of evoking a noble past and representing the ideal of the virtue of antiquity.
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Aurélien Girard
2007-07-01
Full Text Available Dès le titre, le livre annonce son point de vue : il ne s’agit pas d’une histoire des Coptes mais d’une histoire de la découverte par les Européens de l’Église égyptienne. L’auteur, Alaistar Hamilton, a déjà consacré d’importants travaux à l’histoire de l’orientalisme à l’époque moderne. Son étude commence en 1439 lorsque la décision est prise au concile de Florence (1438-1445 d’inviter la première délégation officielle copte en Europe. À cette occasion, des manuscrits coptes et coptes-arabe...
Ilias Hossain, M.; Atiqur Rahman, M.
2013-09-01
We have investigated Hawking non-thermal and purely thermal Radiations of Reissner Nordström anti-de Sitter (RNAdS) black hole by massive particles tunneling method. The spacetime background has taken as dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles the imaginary part of the action has derived from Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We have supposed that energy and angular momentum are conserved and have shown that the non-thermal and thermal tunneling rates are related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum. The results for RNAdS black hole is also in the same manner with Parikh and Wilczek's opinion and explored the new result for Hawking radiation of RNAdS black hole.
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Michael A Sugarman
Full Text Available Previous meta-analyses of published and unpublished trials indicate that antidepressants provide modest benefits compared to placebo in the treatment of depression; some have argued that these benefits are not clinically significant. However, these meta-analyses were based only on trials submitted for the initial FDA approval of the medication and were limited to those aimed at treating depression. Here, for the first time, we assess the efficacy of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI in the treatment of both anxiety and depression, using a complete data set of all published and unpublished trials sponsored by the manufacturer.GlaxoSmithKline has been required to post the results for all sponsored clinical trials online, providing an opportunity to assess the efficacy of an SSRI (paroxetine with a complete data set of all trials conducted. We examined the data from all placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of paroxetine that included change scores on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRSA and/or the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD. For the treatment of anxiety (k = 12, the efficacy difference between paroxetine and placebo was modest (d = 0.27, and independent of baseline severity of anxiety. Overall change in placebo-treated individuals replicated 79% of the magnitude of paroxetine response. Efficacy was superior for the treatment of panic disorder (d = 0.36 than for generalized anxiety disorder (d = 0.20. Published trials showed significantly larger drug-placebo differences than unpublished trials (d's = 0.32 and 0.17, respectively. In depression trials (k = 27, the benefit of paroxetine over placebo was consistent with previous meta-analyses of antidepressant efficacy (d = 0.32.The available empirical evidence indicates that paroxetine provides only a modest advantage over placebo in treatment of anxiety and depression. Treatment implications are discussed.
Sugarman, Michael A.; Loree, Amy M.; Baltes, Boris B.; Grekin, Emily R.; Kirsch, Irving
2014-01-01
Background Previous meta-analyses of published and unpublished trials indicate that antidepressants provide modest benefits compared to placebo in the treatment of depression; some have argued that these benefits are not clinically significant. However, these meta-analyses were based only on trials submitted for the initial FDA approval of the medication and were limited to those aimed at treating depression. Here, for the first time, we assess the efficacy of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) in the treatment of both anxiety and depression, using a complete data set of all published and unpublished trials sponsored by the manufacturer. Methods and Findings GlaxoSmithKline has been required to post the results for all sponsored clinical trials online, providing an opportunity to assess the efficacy of an SSRI (paroxetine) with a complete data set of all trials conducted. We examined the data from all placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of paroxetine that included change scores on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRSA) and/or the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). For the treatment of anxiety (k = 12), the efficacy difference between paroxetine and placebo was modest (d = 0.27), and independent of baseline severity of anxiety. Overall change in placebo-treated individuals replicated 79% of the magnitude of paroxetine response. Efficacy was superior for the treatment of panic disorder (d = 0.36) than for generalized anxiety disorder (d = 0.20). Published trials showed significantly larger drug-placebo differences than unpublished trials (d’s = 0.32 and 0.17, respectively). In depression trials (k = 27), the benefit of paroxetine over placebo was consistent with previous meta-analyses of antidepressant efficacy (d = 0.32). Conclusions The available empirical evidence indicates that paroxetine provides only a modest advantage over placebo in treatment of anxiety and depression. Treatment implications are
Zimmerman, Mark; Martin, Jacob; Clark, Heather; McGonigal, Patrick; Harris, Lauren; Holst, Carolina Guzman
2017-10-01
DSM-5 included criteria for an anxious distress specifier for major depressive disorder (MDD). In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project we examined whether a measure of the specifier, the DSM-5 Anxious Distress Specifier Interview (DADSI), was as valid as the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) as a measure of the severity of anxiety in depressed patients. Two hundred three psychiatric patients with MDD were interviewed by trained diagnostic raters who administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) supplemented with questions to rate the DADSI, HAMA, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). The patients completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and irritability. Sensitivity to change was examined in 30 patients. The DADSI and HAMA were significantly correlated (r = 0.60, p < 0.001). Both the DADSI and HAMA were more highly correlated with measures of anxiety than with measures of the other symptom domains. The HAMD was significantly more highly correlated with the HAMA than with the DADSI. For each anxiety disorder, patients with the disorder scored significantly higher on both the DADSI and HAMA than did patients with no current anxiety disorder. A large effect size of treatment was found for both measures (DADSI: d = 1.48; HAMA: d = 1.37). Both the DADSI and HAMA were valid measures of anxiety severity in depressed patients, though the HAMA was more highly confounded with measures of depression than the DADSI. The DADSI is briefer than the HAMA, and may be more feasible to use in clinical practice. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ruhe, H.G.; Dekker, J.J.M.; Peen, J.; Jonghe, de F.
2005-01-01
Background The 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is used as a semi–gold standard in research. In treatment guidelines, the HDRS measurements serve to determine response and remission and guide clinical decision making for nonresponders. However, its use in clinical practice is limited,
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S·V·Goswami; V·J·Lamla
1985-01-01
对固醇类激素和合成促黄体释放激素诱导卵细胞成熟，雌鱼排卵和产卵以及雄鱼排精的效能进行了试验。试验对象为异囊鲶、鳢(月鳢属的一种)和印度主要的鲤科鱼类，野鲮、印度鲮、印度鲤(Catla catla)、草鱼和白鲢。在固醇类激素中，仅限于C2．系列具有诱导卵细胞成熟的功能，其性能因鱼的种类不同而有差异。
Sakayanagi, Yoshihiro; Nakaura, Shigeki; Sampei, Mitsuji
The solvable condition of nonlinear H∞ control problems is given by the Hamilton Jacobi inequality (HJI). The state-dependent Riccati inequality (SDRI) is one of the approaches used to solve the HJI. The SDRI contains the state-dependent coefficient (SDC) form of a nonlinear system. The SDC form is not unique. If a poor SDC form is chosen, then there is no solution for the SDRI. In other words, there exist free parameters of the SDC form that affect the solvability of the SDRI. This study focuses on the free parameters of the SDC form. First, a representation of the free parameters of the SDC form is introduced. The solvability of an SDRI is a sufficient condition for that of the related HJI, and the free parameters affect the conservativeness of the SDRI approach. In addition, a new method for designing the free parameters that reduces the conservativeness of the SDRI approach is introduced. Finally, numerical examples to verify the effect of this method are presented.
Kaur, Harpreet; Katoch, Anu; Dar, Shoaib Ali; Singh, Ranjeet
2015-09-01
The plasmodia of Myxobolus nanokiensis sp. nov. were found infecting gills of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) The infection rate was found to be 36.67 % (30 fishes were examined and 11 fishes were infected) in the Nanoki pond in Patiala district Punjab. Numerous minute plasmodia each filled with 150-200 spores were detected. Smear of scrapped blood-tinged mucous from gills exhibited millions of spores. Histological sections also indicated numerous plasmodia measuring 38.33-40.33 μm in diameter in the blood vessels of gill filaments. Spores of M. nanokiensis sp. nov. were elongate pyriform in shape and morphologically unique in having sharply pointed beak-like anterior end. Spores measured 9.28 μm × 5.71 μm in size. Polar capsules were equal, pyriform, 5.71 × 2.73 μm in size, each having polar filament with 7-9 coils. The present species has been proposed as new on the basis of its peculiar shape and morphometrics. This is the first report of any myxobolid infection in the farmland fishes in Punjab (India). The plasmodia in the gill filaments were of intralamellar vascular type (LV) and were present within the entire length of the filament. These plasmodia caused hemorrhage, necrosis of the blood vessels and cellular infiltration.
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Leki Wangchu
2017-05-01
Full Text Available Aim: This study was a part of an ongoing parasitological survey to investigate the health status of hill stream fish in river systems of Arunachal Pradesh - A global biodiversity hotspot. Materials and Methods: During the 2013/2015, 18 live specimens of Barilius barna (Cyprinidae were captured from the local rivers of Arunachal Pradesh and examined for parasitic monogenoids. These fish, with their flatworms, were immediately fixed in hot (60°C 4% formalin for later examination. Identification and morphometric description used in this study followed Gussev (1976. Type specimens were deposited in the British Natural History Museum, UK. Results: Dactylogyrus barnae sp. n. is described and illustrated from specimens of B. barna (Hamilton, 1822 from Arunachal Pradesh, India. The new species is characterized by a combination of the following characters: Copulatory tube coiled in 1½ counterclockwise rings, vagina consisting of a vaginal tube and vaginal pore, a complex sclerotized plate of unknown function in between male copulatory organ and vagina, and an anteromedial knob-like process on the dorsal bar. Conclusion: D. barnae sp. n. is the fourth species of Dactylogyrus described from the Northeast India and brings the total number of species of Dactylogyrus in Indian waters to 56. B. barna represents a new host record for Dactylogyrus spp., and possibly the first report for any parasite.
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Edson de Lara Rodrigues
1998-01-01
Full Text Available Among the new substances that were synthesised by the chemical industiy during the last decades, with the aim to improve human prosperity, some cause negative effects on non target organisms like fish. Among the pesticides, the organophosphates (OP are widely used in cattle management, agriculture and aquaculture activities. Brachydanio rerio Hamilton-Buchman, 1822 is used world-wide in fish-tests for the establishment of the lethal levels of pesticides. Nevertheless, these fish show morphological changes in their hepatocytes when exposed experimentally for 24 hours to the sublethal dose of 0.025 µl/l of the OP Dimethoate 500, in acute tests. Right hours after exposure, a high density of cells with cytoplasmic granulation is seen as well as focal necrosis. The main changes that occurred in the first 24 hours of exposure were the loss of the typical polygonal cell shape and of detectable cell limits, lateral migration of nuclei, nuclear size and shape, condensation of chromatin and pycnosis, increased cytoplasmic granulation followed by vacuolisation. After 48 hours in clean water, 72 hours from contamination, besides significant morphological changes and necrosis, focal regeneration of the hepatocytes, canaliculi, ducts and sinusoids were seen. Even having been exposed to the half of the dose considered as safe according to the general pesticide allowance rules, significant changes of the liver tissue were observed.
LeGalley, Erin; Krekeler, Mark P S
2013-05-01
The Hamilton Municipal Electric Plant is a 125 MW coal-fired power plant, owned and operated by the City of Hamilton in Butler County, Ohio. The plant is located within 110 m of 50 homes. Bulk chemical investigation of street sediment near these homes indicates average concentrations of 25 ppm Cr, 40 ppm Cu, 15 ppm Ni, 215 ppm Pb, and 500 ppm Zn. Lead and Zn have maximum concentrations of 1207 ppm and 1512 ppm, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy indicates coal ash spherules are present in the street sediment as well as a variety of Pb, Ni, Cr, W, and BaSO4 particulates. Transmission electron microscopy indicates heavy metals are sorbed onto clay particles with some preference for illite over chlorite. This investigation shows bulk chemistry and electron microscopy approaches are very effective tools to investigate particulate pollutants and identify contexts in complex urban settings involving coal pollution. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Kurva Raghu Ramudu
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The study was conducted to investigate the histological changes of vital organs such as kidney, gills and brain with the mixed infestation of parasites in Indian Major Carps (IMC. The parasites such as Myxobolus spp., Thelohanellus spp., Trichodina spp., Dactylogyrus spp., Gyrodactylus spp. and Nematodes were observed in three IMC. Several histological alterations were observed in the kidney of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala, which includes vacuolar degeneration in the epithelium of renal tubules, focal areas of necrosis, proliferation of bowman′s capsule and many cases the renal tubules lost its shape and canalculi formation was observed. The gills showed focal areas of necrosis, exacerbated swelling of gill arch, deposition of distinct black melanin pigmentation at the basal point of the gill arch, loss of primary and secondary lamellae, prominent vacuolar degeneration and formation of vacuoles. The presence of protozoan parasites in brain tissue resulted necrosis of the brain tissue, black pigmentation, vacuolization of myelin sheath of nerve fibers and common degenerative changes. Aims: To study histological changes of vital organs such as kidney, gills and brain with the mixed infestation of parasites in Indian Major Carps (IMC. Settings and Design: The organs fixed in 4% formalin are transferred to 50% ethyl alcohol and stored for further analysis. Materials and Methods: Histopathological analysis was made as described by Roberts. Statistical Analysis Used: Nil. Results: Described in text. Conclusions: The present study brings about conclusion that impact of mixed infestation of the parasites on their hosts was severe. Histopathological changes were observed in vital organs which might be due to toxins released by different parasites or physical damage of tissue with the presence of parasites.
Taju, G; Abdul Majeed, S; Nambi, K S N; Sahul Hameed, A S
2017-10-01
In the present study, we hypothesize that cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress play a key role in chromium induced toxicity in SISS, SISK, IEE, IEK, IEG, SICH and ICG cell lines after 24 h exposure. Three fish species namely Lates calcarifer, Etroplus suratensis and Catla catla were exposed to the concentrations of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L of chromium for 96 h under static conditions for conducting acute toxicity tests. LC50 was then calculated. The percentage cell survival was assessed by multiple endpoints such as MTT, NR, AB and CB assays in the seven fish cell lines exposed to different concentrations of chromium and EC50 values of all the four endpoints were calculated. High significances were noted in the correlations between each in vitro cytotoxicity assays and in vivo mortality data. Cell shrinkage, cell detachment, vacuolations and cell swelling at the highest concentration of chromium (50 mg/L) were seen on microscopic examination of cell morphology. Comet assay and Hoechst staining were carried out to assess DNA damage and nuclear fragmentation in the seven fish lines exposed to chromium. The results of antioxidant parameters obtained indicate a significant reduction in the level of catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione S-transferase and Glutathione peroxidase, and increased level of lipid peroxidation in all the cell lines exposed to chromium. These results confirm that fish cell lines could be used as an alternative to whole fish for cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress assessment in chromium toxicity studies. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Verma, Dev Kumar; Rathore, Gaurav
2015-01-01
Yellow pigmented, filamentous, Gram-negative bacteria belonging to genus Flavobacterium are commonly associated with infections in stressed fish. In this study, inter-species diversity of Flavobacterium was studied in apparently healthy freshwater farmed fishes. For this, ninety one yellow pigmented bacteria were isolated from skin and gill samples (n = 38) of three farmed fish species i.e. Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cyprinus carpio. Among them, only twelve bacterial isolates (13.18%) were identified as Flavobacterium spp. on the basis of morphological, biochemical tests, partial 16S rDNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. On the basis of 16S rDNA gene sequencing, all the 12 isolates were 97.6-100% similar to six different formally described species of genus Flavobacterium. The 16S rDNA based phylogenetic analysis grouped these strains into six different clades. Of the 12 isolates, six strains (Fl9S1-6) grouped with F. suncheonense, two strains (Fl6I2, Fl6I3) with F. indicum and the rest four strains (Fl1A1, Fl2G1, Fl3H1 and Fl10T1) clustered with F. aquaticum, F. granuli, F. hercynium and F. terrae, respectively. None of these species except, F. hercynium were previously reported from fish. All the isolated Flavobacterium species possessed the ability of adhesion and biofilm formation to colonize the external surface of healthy fish. The present study is the first record of tropical freshwater farmed fishes as hosts to five environmentally associated species of the Flavobacterium.
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Mohammad Mahfujul Haque
2015-11-01
Full Text Available Farmer participatory action research was carried out from July to December 2013 to design and construct a technology known as IFCAS (integrated floating cage aquageoponics system for growing fish and vegetables in shaded ponds in the Barisal region of Bangladesh under the EU funded ANEP (Agriculture and Nutrition Extension Project. Here the terms aqua, geo and ponics means pond water, pond mud/soil and cultivation, respectively. Producing and regularly harvesting fish in shaded ponds and growing vegetables on surrounding dykes for household consumption was constrained. To overcome the difficulties, an IFCAS (3.66 m × 2.44 m = 9 m2 was set in each of 9 shaded ponds – 5 highly shaded ponds (HSP and 4 moderately shaded ponds (MSP – in which GIFT tilapia strain (Orechromis niloticus was stocked at the rate of 100 m−3 cage. In the ponds, carp species (Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus cirrhosus and Cyprinus carpio were stocked at the ratio of 1:2:2:1, and at the rate of 14,820 ha−1. Tilapia were fed floating feed and the carp were fed with supplementary feed. Vegetables were grown on the IFCAS scaffold, and tilapia were grown in the net-cage constructed underneath. Women members of HSP households participated fully in the action research in the production of vegetables and fish in IFCAS. Participating households started consuming vegetables and tilapia from IFCAS within 1.5 and 1 month of the start of the experiment, respectively. Average fish consumption of 20 kg household−1 was recorded within four months, of which more than 50% was tilapia from IFCAS. Overall fish and vegetable production was higher in MSP as compared to HSP. A financial analysis showed the benefit-cost ratio of IFCAS was >1, indicating the investment efficiency of IFCAS for farmers.
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许晶; 任文秀
2013-01-01
In this paper, we consider infinite-dimensional linear Hamiltonian canonical system , and put a linearization method which get recursion operator in the differential system into the Hamilton system , and get a determining equation ( group).Through solving the equation ( group), we win the matrix new form of recursion operator.Further more, through some examples, we verify that in Hamilton system, it is also consist with the relation which in the differential equation system .% 本文考虑了无穷维线性Hamilton正则系统，将微分方程系统下获得循环算子的线性化方法，移植到 Hamilton 系统下，并得到确定方程（组），通过解方程（组）获得了循环算子的矩阵新形式，进一步，通过算例，验证了在Hamilton体系下，依然符合在此类微分方程系统下的关系。
汉密尔顿焦虑量表的因素结构研究%Factorial structure of the Hamilton anxiety scale
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王纯; 楚艳民; 张亚林; 张宁; 张捷; 杨华; 季伟华
2011-01-01
Objective;To explore the factorial structure of Hamilton anxiety scale ( HAMA). Method; 562 outpatients with major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders or obsessive-compulsive disorder were measured by HAMA. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approaches were used to explore and evaluate the factor structure of HAMA. Results;Both factor analysis methods indicated that seven-factor models provided a fit to the data (χ2 =1. 184.RMAEA =0.054,GFI =0. 87.NNFI =0.90,CFI =0.94). Conclusion; HAMA may divided into seven subscales:①anxious emotions,②depressed symptoms,③somatic nervous symptoms,④ internal organ symptoms,⑤ genito-urinary symptoms, ⑥autonomic symptoms,⑦behavior at interview.%目的:探索汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HAMA)的因素结构.方法:对562名门诊抑郁症、焦虑症、强迫症患者进行HAMA测评.通过探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析的方法探索和评价HAMA的因素结构. 结果:探索性主成分分析结果显示,HAMA可分为7因子模型,验证性因素分析各拟合指标均达到测量标准(x2=1.184,RMAEA =0.054,GFI=0.87,NNFI= 0.90,CFI= 0.94),整个模型可以接受. 结论:HAMA可分为7个分量表:焦虑体验、抑郁症状、躯体神经系症状、内脏器官症状、生殖泌尿系症状、植物神经系症状和会谈表现.
新西兰汉密尔顿花园规划设计浅析%Planning and Design of Hamilton Gardens in New Zealand
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苏虹
2015-01-01
新西兰汉密尔顿花园始建于1960年，它没有采用传统的植物园规划路径，而是通过花园设计手法并以人与植物的关系为主题来划分景观，有天堂花园、景观花园、培育花园、梦幻花园与生产花园5个主题区。园区汇集了世界各地的特色园林，也展示了当地独具特色的毛利文化。园区内的构筑物体量根据需要控制在合适尺度，并和周边景观环境相协调，倡导绿色环保理念。%New Zealand Hamilton Gardens was founded in 1960, it does not use a traditional botanical garden planned method, through the relationship between people and plants to creat the theme by using garden design techniques to divide landscape into 5 theme areas: paradise garden, landscape garden, cultivate garden, dream garden and productive garden. All over the world’s special gardens have been gathered within the features garden park, meanwhile it's the showcase of local unique Maori culture. Structures within the park volume control as needed in appropriate scale and in harmony with the surrounding landscape environment, in order to promote environmental protection concepts.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Butko, Yana A., E-mail: yanabutko@yandex.ru, E-mail: kinderknecht@math.uni-sb.de [Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2nd Baumanskaya street, 5, Moscow 105005, Russia and University of Saarland, Postfach 151150, D-66041 Saarbrücken (Germany); Grothaus, Martin, E-mail: grothaus@mathematik.uni-kl.de [University of Kaiserslautern, 67653 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Smolyanov, Oleg G., E-mail: Smolyanov@yandex.ru [Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorob’evy gory 1, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation)
2016-02-15
Evolution semigroups generated by pseudo-differential operators are considered. These operators are obtained by different (parameterized by a number τ) procedures of quantization from a certain class of functions (or symbols) defined on the phase space. This class contains Hamilton functions of particles with variable mass in magnetic and potential fields and more general symbols given by the Lévy-Khintchine formula. The considered semigroups are represented as limits of n-fold iterated integrals when n tends to infinity. Such representations are called Feynman formulae. Some of these representations are constructed with the help of another pseudo-differential operator, obtained by the same procedure of quantization; such representations are called Hamiltonian Feynman formulae. Some representations are based on integral operators with elementary kernels; these are called Lagrangian Feynman formulae. Langrangian Feynman formulae provide approximations of evolution semigroups, suitable for direct computations and numerical modeling of the corresponding dynamics. Hamiltonian Feynman formulae allow to represent the considered semigroups by means of Feynman path integrals. In the article, a family of phase space Feynman pseudomeasures corresponding to different procedures of quantization is introduced. The considered evolution semigroups are represented as phase space Feynman path integrals with respect to these Feynman pseudomeasures, i.e., different quantizations correspond to Feynman path integrals with the same integrand but with respect to different pseudomeasures. This answers Berezin’s problem of distinguishing a procedure of quantization on the language of Feynman path integrals. Moreover, the obtained Lagrangian Feynman formulae allow also to calculate these phase space Feynman path integrals and to connect them with some functional integrals with respect to probability measures.
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陈毅然; 王杰
2013-01-01
采用超导储能装置(Superconducting magnetic energy storage,SMES)的二阶模型,得到含SMES的单机无穷大电力系统模型.进而利用Lagrange化和间接Hamilton化理论,构造了该动态系统的Hamilton函数,并提出相应的SMES的稳定控制策略.最后,利用Matlab进行仿真验证了笔者所提出控制律的正确性和有效性.结果表明,在大干扰的情况下,基于间接Hamilton化理论所设计的超导储能控制器能使系统快速地恢复到稳定运行状态,提高电力系统的暂态稳定性.%Considering the second order model of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES),this paper builds up a model of the single-machine infinite-bus system (SMIB) with SMES.Then based on the Lagrange theory and indirect Hamilton theory,the Hamiltonian energy function is constructed and corresponding control strategy is proposed.Finally,the correctness and efficiency of the controller is verified using the MATLAB software package.Simulation results manifest,under the large disturbances,that proposed control strategy can quickly make the system back to the stable operation state and improve the transient stability of the power system.
2017-01-01
Objectives Melancholic features of depression (MFD) seem to be a unidimensional group of signs and symptoms. However, little importance has been given to the evaluation of what features are related to a more severe disorder. That is, what are the MFD that appear only in the most depressed patients. We aim to demonstrate how each MFD is related to the severity of the major depressive disorder. Methods We evaluated both the Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS-17) and its 6-item melancholic subscale (HAM-D6) in 291 depressed inpatients using Rasch analysis, which computes the severity of each MFD. Overall measures of model fit were mean (±SD) of items and persons residual = 0 (±1); low χ2 value; p>0.01. Results For the HDRS-17 model fit, mean (±SD) of item residuals = 0.35 (±1.4); mean (±SD) of person residuals = -0.15 (±1.09); χ2 = 309.74; p<0.00001. For the HAM-D6 model fit, mean (±SD) of item residuals = 0.5 (±0.86); mean (±SD) of person residuals = 0.15 (±0.91); χ2 = 56.13; p = 0.196. MFD ordered by crescent severity were depressed mood, work and activities, somatic symptoms, psychic anxiety, guilt feelings, and psychomotor retardation. Conclusions Depressed mood is less severe, while guilt feelings and psychomotor retardation are more severe MFD in a psychiatric hospitalization. Understanding depression as a continuum of symptoms can improve the understanding of the disorder and may improve its perspective of treatment. PMID:28114341
Champasri, T; Rapley, R; Duangjinda, M; Suksri, A
2008-02-15
The experiment was carried out during the 2003 to 2006 at the Department of Fisheries, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand in collaboration with the Department of Biosciences, the University of Hertfordshire, College Land, Hatfield, Herts, UK. Molecular RAPD technique was used for the determinations of DNA patterns of the fish genus Puntius Hamilton 1822. The fish samples of 1,500 individual fish were collected from fifteen wetlands in Northeast Thailand and they were used for DNA extraction. Before the experiment was carried out the fish samples were morphologically identified and it was found that the collected fish consisted of 9 species i.e., Puntius altus, P. aurotaeniatus, P. binotatus, P. gonionotus, (e) P. leiacanthus, P. orphoides, P. partipentazona, P. schwanenfeldi and P. wetmorei. Genomic DNAs were extracted from 5 mg of muscle tissues (skeleton muscles) with the use of PUREGENE DNA Isolation Kit for Laboratory Use, Gentra Systems, USA. Eighty decamer primers from four kits were subjected to a preliminary test. It was found that only 10 decamer primers were most suited for this PCR amplification. The results showed that genetic distant values being established among and between pairs of the fishes of the 9 fish species ranged from 0.191 to 0.456 for a pair between Puntius gonionotus and Puntius altus and a pair between Puntius schwanenfeldi and Puntius leiacanthus, respectively. Similarity coefficient values within the 9 fish species ranged from 0.109 to 0.231. The results on a Dendrogram of clusters showed that there were 5 minor groups of the 9 fish species but the 9 species could not be split or shifted into other genera of the fish due to small differences found within the values of similarity coefficients.
Yuan, Huaiwu; Zhang, Ning; Wang, Chunxue; Luo, Ben Yan; Shi, Yuzhi; Li, Jingjing; Zhou, Yong; Wang, Yilong; Zhang, Tong; Zhou, Juan; Zhao, Xingquan; Wang, Yongjun
2014-02-01
There was fewer paper about the relation between the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (17 Items, HDRS-17) factors and stroke outcomes. Our aim was to investigate the influence of total score and factors of HDRS-17 on outcome of ischemic stroke at 1 year. A total of 1,953 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled into a multicentered and prospective cohort study. The HDRS-17 was used to assess symptoms at 2 weeks after ischemic stroke. The Modified Ranking Scale (mRS) scores of 3-6 points and 0-2 points were regarded as poor outcome and benign outcome, respectively. At 1 year, 1,753 (89.8 %) patients had mRS score data. After adjusting for the confounders, patients with a total HDRS-17 score of ≥ 8 had a worse outcome at 1 year (OR = 1.62, 95 % CI 1.18-2.23). Symptoms of suicide (OR = 1.89, 95 % CI 1.27-2.83), decreased or loss of interest of work (OR = 1.89, 95 % CI 1.38-2.58), retardation (OR = 1.74, 95 % CI 1.27-2.38), psychic anxiety (OR = 1.72, 95 % CI 1.26-2.34), and agitation (OR = 1.61, 95 % CI 1.08-2.40) increased the risks for poor outcome by >60 %, respectively. Depressed mood, somatic anxiety, somatic symptoms-gastrointestinal, and early insomnia also increased the risk for poor outcome by nearly 50 %, respectively. A total HDRS-17 score of ≥ 8, and suicide, decreased or loss of interest of work, anxiety, agitation, retardation, depressed mood, somatic anxiety, somatic symptoms-gastrointestinal, and early insomnia of the HDRS-17 factors at 2 weeks after ischemic stroke increase the risk for poor outcome at 1 year.
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Georgia Zintrou
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Depression is a serious mental disorder that is a leading cause of morbidity in the elderly and affects the daily lives of the elderly leading to the marginalization and stigmatization. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression in the elderly, both in the community and in closed structures and identify possible differences between these two groups. Material and Method: The studied population consisted of 200 elderly people. One hundred of them came from closed structure care (nursing home and the remaining 100 by Open Care Centres (KAPI. For data collection, a specially designed questionnaire that included demographic data, information about their health and their daily habits and Depression Scale Hamilton, were used. Results: The majority of the sample (50.5% was men. Depressive symptomatology was showed by 44% (31% mild and 13% moderate. The men of the nursing home had greater depression than men of KAPI and showed a greater percentage of women (27.3 % mild and 12.1 % moderate, with women of the nursing home outweighing the percentages of those in KAPI. Depressive symptomatology exhibited by widowers, people with multiple pathology and those who did not exercise, with rates of 61.5%, 34.6% and 73.1% respectively. Big difference appeared between closed and open structure, where the elderly in nursing home seemed to show greater depression by 53%, versus 35% of those in KAPI. Conclusions: Gender, marital status, presence of pathology, exercise and living in closed structures of care, seem to influence the occurrence of depression in the elderly.
BASEMAP, HAMILTON COUNTY, FL, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...
SURVEY, HAMILTON COUNTY, FL, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...
HYDROLOGY, HAMILTON COUNTY, FL, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...
HYDRAULICS, HAMILTON COUNTY, FL, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...
SURVEY, HAMILTON COUNTY, FL, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...
BASEMAP, HAMILTON COUNTY, OHIO, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...
FLOODPLAIN, HAMILTON COUNTY, OHIO, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bech, Per; Allerup, Peter; Larsen, Erik Roj
2014-01-01
The objective of this re-analysis of the European Genome-Based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression Study (GENDEP) was to psychometrically test the unidimensionality of the full Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS10) and the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D17) versus their respective...... 2030 had to be supplemented with the Friedman two-way analysis of variance by ranks. The HAM-D6 but not the MADRS5 was accepted. It was therefore concluded that the HAM-D6 is a psychometrically valid outcome scale to measure change in clinical trials of antidepressants....
詹姆斯·斯杜沃特数学中心室内更新改造%James Stewart Centre for Mathematics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
这个项目的任务是将1929年建造的哈密尔顿礼堂（Hamilton Hall，麦克马斯特大学校园内最古老的建筑之一）改造成为一个优秀的当代数学研究中心。设计要求将纯粹的现代主义观念注入到室内。而外观则保持原汁原昧的古典风貌。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘奕君; 张立; 赵强
2015-01-01
求解完全图上的哈密尔顿圈是典型的组合优化问题，遗传算法是解决此类NP问题的一种较理想的方法。对基本的遗传算法进行改进，在选择操作和变异操作中加入贪心优化思想，使算法获得更优的全局最优解。在MATLAB环境下模拟实现了哈密尔顿圈的经典问题———TSP( travelling salesman problem)旅行商问题，从而验证了该算法的可行性和正确性。%Solving Hamilton-circle on a complete graph is a typical combinatorial optimization problem. Genetic algorithm is a good way to solve such an NP problem. In this paper, the basic genetic algorithm is improved. Particularly, the greedy optimization i-deas are applied to the selection and mutation operation in order to obtain global optimal solutions with the algorithm. In the MATLAB environment, the algorithm was simulated to implement classical Hamilton circle- TSP ( travelling salesman problem) and the results verify the feasibility and correctness of the algorithm.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘奕君; 张立; 赵强
2015-01-01
Solving Hamilton-circle on a complete graph is a typical combinatorial optimization problem. Genetic algorithm is a good way to solve such an NP problem. In this paper, the basic genetic algorithm is improved. Particularly, the greedy optimization i-deas are applied to the selection and mutation operation in order to obtain global optimal solutions with the algorithm. In the MATLAB environment, the algorithm was simulated to implement classical Hamilton circle-TSP ( Travelling Salesman Problem) and the results verify the feasibility and correctness of the algorithm.%求解完全图上的哈密尔顿圈是典型的组合优化问题，遗传算法是解决此类NP问题的一种较理想的方法。对基本的遗传算法进行改进，在选择操作和变异操作中加入贪心优化思想，使算法获得更优的全局最优解。在MATLAB环境下模拟实现了哈密尔顿圈的经典问题———TSP( travelling salesman problem)旅行商问题，从而验证了该算法的可行性和正确性。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张毅; 陈甦
2005-01-01
The effects of non-conservative forces and nonholonomic constraints on Noether symmetries and conserved quantities of a Hamilton system are studied. When non-conservative forces or nonholonomic constraints are exerted on a Hamilton system,the Noether symmetries and the conserved quantities of the system may vary. It can be seen that some Noether symmetries disappear, some new Noether symmetries emerge, and under certain conditions some Noether symmetries will still remain. In this paper, the conditions under which the Noether symmetries and the conserved quantities of the system will remain are respectively obtained, and two examples are given to illustrate the application of the results.%研究非保守力和非完整约束对Hamilton系统的Noether对称性的影响.Hamilton系统受到非保守力或非完整约束作用时,系统的Noether对称性和守恒量都会发生变化.原有的一些Noether对称性消失了,一些新的Noether对称性产生了,在一定条件下,一些Noether对称性仍保持不变.文中分别给出了系统的Noether对称性以及守恒量保持不变的条件,并举例说明结果的应用.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谢少波; 周俐; 李俐; 丘梅清; 刘艳萍; 陈俊斌
2014-01-01
目的：在综合医院呼吸科病房和门诊应用汉密尔顿量表对支气管哮喘患者进行自评和辅助询问评估心理特征。方法：对169例确诊为支气管哮喘并反复发作的门诊或住院患者应用汉密尔顿量表按流行病学调查问卷方法，由病区工作人员采用交谈和观察辅助问答方式进行，按量表评分初步筛选健康、焦虑和抑郁患者。结果：169例患者中，抑郁阳性159例（94.08%），焦虑阳性107例（63.31%）。结论：抑郁作为哮喘的主要伴发病症之一，在哮喘的发生、发展和预后中发挥着重要的作用。因此，哮喘治疗不应以改善症状为最终目标，还要根据哮喘患者的心理特征给予心理护理，从而更有利于哮喘的控制。%Objective:To use the Hamilton scales to self-evaluate and auxiliary inquire the patients with asthma in general hospital's wards and outpa-tient department of respiratory department to evaluate the patients' psychological characteristics. Methods:According to the epidemiological question-naire, used Hamilton scales and their scores to preliminary screen the healthy, anxiety and depression patients from 169 cases of patients in outpatient department or wards who were diagnosed as asthma and recurrent episodes, which carried out by ward's staff using the method of conversations and observation and assisted by question-answer style. Results:In 169 cases of patients, 159 cases were depression positive (94.08%), 107 cases were anxiety positive (63.31%). Conclusion:As one of the major concomitant disorders, depression plays an important role in occurrence, development and prognosis of asthma. Therefore, improving symptoms should not be the ultimate goal in the treatment of asthma, but also carries out psychologi-cal nursing according to the psychological characteristics of patients, which is more conducive to the controlling of asthma.
Guibout, Vincent M.
This dissertation has been motivated by the need for new methods to address complex problems that arise in spacecraft formation design. As a direct result of this motivation, a general methodology for solving two-point boundary value problems for Hamiltonian systems has been found. Using the Hamilton-Jacobi theory in conjunction with the canonical transformation induced by the phase flow, it is shown that generating functions solve two-point boundary value problems. Traditional techniques for addressing these problems are iterative and require an initial guess. The method presented in this dissertation solves boundary value problems at the cost of a single function evaluation, although it requires knowledge of at least one generating function. Properties of this method are presented. Specifically, we show that it includes perturbation theory and generalizes it to nonlinear systems. Most importantly, it predicts the existence of multiple solutions and allows one to recover all of these solutions. To demonstrate the efficiency of this approach, an algorithm for computing the generating functions is proposed and its convergence properties are studied. As the method developed in this work is based on the Hamiltonian structure of the problem, particular attention must be paid to the numerics of the algorithm. To address this, a general framework for studying the discretization of certain dynamical systems is developed. This framework generalizes earlier work on discretization of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian systems on tangent and cotangent bundles respectively. In addition, it provides new insights into some symplectic integrators and leads to a new discrete Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Most importantly, it allows one to discretize optimal control problems. In particular, a discrete maximum principle is presented. This dissertation also investigates applications of the proposed method to solve two-point boundary value problems. In particular, new techniques for designing
Woodruff, Laurel G.; Cannon, William F.; Knightes, Christopher D.; Chapelle, Francis H.; Bradley, Paul M.; Burns, Douglas A.; Brigham, Mark E.; Lowery, Mark A.
2010-01-01
Mercury is an element of on-going concern for human and aquatic health. Mercury sequestered in upland and wetland soils represents a source that may contribute to mercury contamination in sensitive ecosystems. An improved understanding of mercury cycling in stream ecosystems requires identification and quantification of mercury speciation and transport dynamics in upland and wetland soils within a watershed. This report presents data for soils collected in 2008 from two small watersheds in New York and South Carolina. In New York, 163 samples were taken from multiple depths or soil horizons at 70 separate locations near Fishing Brook, located in Hamilton County. At McTier Creek, in Aiken County, South Carolina, 81 samples from various soil horizons or soil depths were collected from 24 locations. Sample locations within each watershed were selected to characterize soil geochemistry in distinct land-cover compartments. Soils were analyzed for total mercury, selenium, total and carbonate carbon, and 42 other elements. A subset of the samples was also analyzed for methylmercury.
Helmreich, Isabella; Wagner, Stefanie; Mergl, Roland; Allgaier, Antje-Kathrin; Hautzinger, Martin; Henkel, Verena; Hegerl, Ulrich; Tadić, André
2012-06-01
In the efficacy evaluation of antidepressant treatments, the total score of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) is still regarded as the 'gold standard'. We previously had shown that the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS) was more sensitive to detect depressive symptom changes than the HAMD17 (Helmreich et al. 2011). Furthermore, studies suggest that the unidimensional subscales of the HAMD, which capture the core depressive symptoms, outperform the full HAMD regarding the detection of antidepressant treatment effects. The aim of the present study was to compare several unidimensional subscales of the HAMD and the IDS regarding their sensitivity to changes in depression symptoms in a sample of patients with mild major, minor or subsyndromal depression (MIND). Biweekly IDS-C28 and HAMD17 data from 287 patients of a 10-week randomised, placebo-controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of sertraline and cognitive-behavioural group therapy in patients with MIND were converted to subscale scores and analysed during the antidepressant treatment course. We investigated sensitivity to depressive change for all scales from assessment-to-assessment, in relation to depression severity level and placebo-verum differences. The subscales performed similarly during the treatment course, with slight advantages for some subscales in detecting treatment effects depending on the treatment modality and on the items included. Most changes in depressive symptomatology were detected by the IDS short scale, but regarding the effect sizes, it performed worse than most subscales. Unidimensional subscales are a time- and cost-saving option in judging drug therapy outcomes, especially in antidepressant treatment efficacy studies. However, subscales do not cover all facets of depression (e.g. atypical symptoms, sleep disturbances), which might be important for comprehensively understanding the nature of the disease depression. Therefore, the cost-to-benefit ratio must be
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guilherme Nogueira M. de Oliveira
2011-01-01
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar os pontos de melhor sensibilidade e especificidade do Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI e da Escala de Avaliação de Depressão de Hamilton (HAM-D no diagnóstico de depressão associada à epilepsia. MÉTODOS: Setenta e três pacientes de um centro de referência no tratamento da epilepsia foram submetidos à avaliação neuropsiquiátrica. Foram colhidos dados clínicos e sociodemográficos, sendo utilizados os seguintes instrumentos: entrevista clínica estruturada (MINI-PLUS para diagnóstico psiquiátrico conforme o DSM-IV, HAM-D e BDI. RESULTADOS: No momento da entrevista, 27,4% dos pacientes estavam deprimidos e 37% preenchiam critérios para diagnóstico de depressão maior ao longo da vida. A análise da curva ROC indicou que o ponto de corte em 16 (> 16 para o BDI (sensibilidade de 94,4%, especificidade de 90,6% e em 16 (> 16 para a HAM-D (sensibilidade de 95%, especificidade de 75,5% representou dicotomização ótima entre deprimidos e não deprimidos. Ambos os instrumentos apresentaram um valor preditivo negativo superior a 95%. CONCLUSÃO: A frequência de depressão maior é elevada em pacientes com epilepsia. BDI e a HAM-D podem auxiliar o clínico na identificação da depressão associada à epilepsia, diminuindo seu subdiagnóstico.
Viscosity Solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations.
1981-08-01
the result follove. Remark 4.2. W* could replace u5 e c 2 ( ) above by uC e W 2 ,p(Q), p > N , via Bony’s boc maximum principle (5]. Remark 4.3. If...semigroup property S(t)S() S(t+T) for tr N 0 as usual. We remark that (6.7) also follows from (6.8) and the translation invariance of this model...Symposium, L. Cesari, J. Hale, J. LaSalle ode., Academic Press, New York, (1976), 131-165. a. Crandall, M. G. and P. L. Lions, Condition d’unicite pour
Why Use a Hamilton Approach in QCD?
Kröger, H; Moriarty, K J M
2000-01-01
We discuss $QCD$ in the Hamiltonian frame work. We treat finite density $QCD$ in the strong coupling regime. We present a parton-model inspired regularisation scheme to treat the spectrum ($\\theta$-angles) and distribution functions in $QED_{1+1}$. We suggest a Monte Carlo method to construct low-dimensionasl effective Hamiltonians. Finally, we discuss improvement in Hamiltonian $QCD$.
Hamilton's Optics: The Power of Wavefronts
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-06-01
Building on work by Fermat and Huygens, Hamiltontransformed the study of geometrical opticsin his very first paper, presented when still inhis teens. His ‘characteristic function’ was ananalytical way to describe wavefronts, and in hishands a powerful tool to look at families of raysrather than isolated ones. His prediction of internaland external conical refraction in somecrystals and its spectacular verification in a fewmonths established his reputation among his contemporaries.This formulation of optics uncoveredmany general properties, not easy to seein the conventional method of tracing individualrays. The deepest outcome of his early opticalwork was a parallel view of the mechanics ofparticles, which played a fundamental role in thebirth of quantum mechanics and continues to bethe standard framework for classical mechanicsup to the present time.
Families of graph-different Hamilton paths
Körner, János; Simonyi, Gábor
2011-01-01
Let D be an arbitrary subset of the natural numbers. For every n, let M(n;D) be the maximum of the cardinality of a set of Hamiltonian paths in the complete graph K_n such that the union of any two paths from the family contains a not necessarily induced cycle of some length from D. We determine or bound the asymptotics of M(n;D) in various special cases. This problem is closely related to that of the permutation capacity of graphs and constitutes a further extension of the problem area around Shannon capacity. We also discuss how to generalize our cycle-difference problems and present an example where cycles are replaced by 4-cliques. These problems are in a natural duality to those of graph intersection, initiated by Erd\\"os, Simonovits and S\\'os. The lack of kernel structure as a natural candidate for optimum makes our problems quite challenging.
Hamilton-Jacobi Method and Gravitation
Di Criscienzo, R.; Vanzo, L.; Zerbini, S.
2010-01-01
Studying the behaviour of a quantum field in a classical, curved, spacetime is an extraordinary task which nobody is able to take on at present time. Independently by the fact that such problem is not likely to be solved soon, still we possess the instruments to perform exact predictions in special, highly symmetric, conditions. Aim of the present contribution is to show how it is possible to extract quantitative information about a variety of physical phenomena in very general situations by ...
DCS Hydraulic Submission for Hamilton County, Ohio
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luis Fernando Melo
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como propósito estudiar la evolución de la inflación trimestral en Colombia, durante el período comprendido entre 1954 y 1996, a través de la metodología de Hamilton(1989 y segundo presentar algunos conceptos relacionados con dicha metodología, la cual introduce cambios de régimen en el análisis convencional de series de tiempo. En general, esta metodología permite estimar modelos ARIMA con parámetros o varianzas cambiantes en el tiempo. En este caso, tales cambios en el modelo de la inflación se suponen asociados a posibles regímenes distintos donde la inflación presenta cambios en su nivel o en su variabilidad. Esta modelación posibilita el reconocimiento de los distintos regímenes a través del tiempo (por ejemplo dos regímenes: inflación alta e inflación baja en lo referente a su tiempo promedio de duración y a la probabilidad asociada de cada uno de ellos, es decir, la probabilidad de estar en un régimen particular en un momento dado del tiempo. Las probabilidades de transición estimadas, permiten concluir, por ejemplo, que al estar en un régimen de inflación trimestral moderado, la probabilidad de permanecer en éste es muy alta (0.94, en tanto que pasar de éste a un régimen de inflación promedio alta tiene una probabilidad de (0.05, la cual es cinco veces mayor que la estimada para la transición de moderada a baja (0.01. Adicionalmente, se puede observar que la máxima probabilidad de permanecer en un mismo régimen se tiene en aquel caracterizado como de inflación y variabilidad moderadas.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马姗; 赵代弟; 李柱一; 范玲玲; 杨永祥; 闫忠军; 张慜; 王钧刚; 王圣元; 李川; 郭鹏
2016-01-01
Objective To investigate the scores of Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG ) and the related influencing factors. Methods A cross‐sectional study of the clinical data and HDRS score was carried out in 188 MG patients who were admitted to Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University from July 2013 to March 2015. All the recruited patients were classified into the with depression group and the without depression group according to the HDRS score. The judge criterion of depression was as follow :HDRS scores of patients without depression were 0‐9 and patients with depression were above 9. The clinical features of the two groups and their relation with HDRS scores were analyzed. Results Among those MG patients , the male to female ratio was 1.02 ∶ 1. The ratio of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) to generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) was 1.2 ∶ 1.The ratio of patients with onset symptom of OMG to patients with onset symptom of GMG was 6.2 ∶ 1. The median disease course was 2 years and the interquartile range was 1.8 years. The average quantitative myasthenia gravis (QMG) score was 6.7 ± 2.3 and the average HDRS score was 8.7 ± 3.4.One hundred and twenty‐three MG patients were not complicated with depression ,while 65 cases were complicated with depression.Factors correlated with HDRS score and depression state included gender (P<0.01) ,clinical type of MG (P<0.01) ,QMG score (P<0.01) ,myasthenia gravis foundation of America (MGFA ) classification ( P< 0.01 ) , with or without hyperthyreosis ( P< 0.05 ). Conclusions Factors correlated with HDRS score and depression state include gender , clinical type of MG , QMG score and MGFA classification , sufficient understanding of the depression state in MG patients might be helpful for better treatment.%目的：探讨重症肌无力（myasthenia gravis ，MG）患者汉密尔顿抑郁量表（Hamilton depression rating scale ，HDRS）评分情况及其影响
GUSTAVO ARAÚJO DE ANDRADE
2014-01-01
Neste trabalho o principal objetivo é apresentar o desenvolvimento de algoritmos de aprendizagem para execução online para a solução da equação algébrica de Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman. Os conceitos abordados se concentram no desenvolvimento da metodologia para sistemas de controle, por meio de técnicas que tem como objetivo o projeto online de controladores adaptativos são projetados para rejeitar ruídos de sensores, variações paramétricas e erros de modelagem. Conceitos de programação neurodinâ...
CATIA软件在薄壁零件设计中的实战应用%CATIA software in the design of the practical application of thin wall parts
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
薛荣庆
2012-01-01
The rapid development of lnodem technology, the product structure design requirements are also higher and higher. The French company Dassault System CAD / CAE / CAM integrated software provides us with more convenient, fast, the means and the solutions. The author in the design of thinwalled parts, the application of CATIA in finite element analysis for sinmlation, the design cycle shortened rapidly, greatly reduces the cost, the application of CATlA sotiware on product structure designers is indeed rare right-hand man.%现代科技的飞速发展，对产品结构设计的要求也随之越高。法国DassaultSystem公司的CAD／CAE／CAM一体化软件给我们提供了更多的、快捷的、方便的手段与解决方案。笔者在设计薄壁零件结构时，应用CATIA中有限元分析进行模拟仿真，使设计周期迅速缩短、成本大幅降低，CATIA软件的应用对产品结构设计师来说确实是不可多得的得力助手。
Research of Bus Signals Extension in IEEE Std 1641-2010%IEEE Std 1641中总线类信号扩展方法研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈育良; 牛双诚; 曲晓燕
2012-01-01
With a 4 layers model, IEEE Std 1641 - 2010 provides the capability to describe and control signals, but not include one of the most important signal, bus signals. After researching way of bus signals extension in C/ATLAS, this paper gives an model of bus instruments using the reference of its designing idea, and accomplish bus signals extension by extending new signals. It also gives TPL statement of new signals. Using this method, it fulfill test well in an ATS.%IEEE Std 1641-2010中提出STD四层结构模型,完成信号的描述和控制功能,但没有提供总线信号定义和描述,而总线信号则是自动测试中最重要信号之一;针对此问题,文中通过深入研究C/ATLAS中总线类信号的扩展方法,借鉴其设计思想,提出了满足IEEE Std 1641设计思想和原则的总线信号仪器模型,通过扩展新信号的方法完成多种总线信号扩展,并给出其TPL语言支持,经实际系统中使用,很好地完成了测试测量功能.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
古丽扎提·海拉提; 王杰
2014-01-01
随着跨区送电量的需求增加，大量功率需要进行远距离传输，因而抑制区域间的功率振荡仅靠局部反馈信号设计的控制器已难以保证整个系统的稳定运行。因此，含有时滞影响的广域控制器的分析和设计是近年来互联电网研究的热点之一。基于Hamilton系统理论，建立对应的广域测量电力系统的非线性时滞广义Hamilton模型，并以此模型为基础，给出相应的 Lyapunov-Krasovskii 泛函并推导出以矩阵不等式为形式的时滞依赖稳定性判据，注意到控制输入含有时滞信号的影响，设计出相应的广域阻尼控制器(wide-area damping controller，WADC)，实现了含有时滞的广域反馈控制，并计算出能使闭环电力系统稳定的时滞裕度，权衡WADC的阻尼性能与时滞裕度之间的关系，从而给出对应的WADC控制参数。最后以16机68节点系统为例，用时域仿真的结果来说明所提时滞控制方法的有效性。%Large amount of power is required for long-distance transmission with the increase of cross-transmission of electricity demand, thus it is difficult to inhibit the power oscillation between the regions to guarantee the stable operation of the whole power system which only relies on local feedback signal designed controller. Therefore, it is one of the hot spots for the analysis and design with time delay influence of wide-area controller in recent study of interconnected grid. Based on Hamilton system theory, a nonlinear time-delay generalized Hamiltonian model of corresponding wide area measurement power system model was constructed. Based on the proposed model, the corresponding Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional was given to derive a delay-dependent steady stability criterion in term of matrix inequalities. It was noticed that control input contains the influence of time-delay signal;the corresponding wide-area damping controller (WADC) was designed. The WAN feedback control
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
闫世伟; 杨建文; 杨志刚
2014-01-01
根据哈密顿（Hamilton）原理建立了压电悬臂梁（压电梁）能量转换模型，利用数值模拟和实验测试的方法研究了压电梁在固定端受到位移激励时结构尺寸、材料特性和激振频率等对其发电能力的影响规律。研究表明，当基板材料相同时，单、双晶压电梁均存在最佳厚度比（基板/总厚）使其输出电能最多；当基板材料不同时，最佳厚度比随杨氏模量比（基板/陶瓷）增加而减小，铜、钼基板构成的单、双晶压电梁的最佳厚度比分别为（0．7，0．35）和（0．45，0．2）；当厚度比（0．5）和激励条件相同时，杨氏模量比对单、双晶压电梁发电能力影响不同；调整单、双晶压电梁自由端质量块使其工作在谐振状态，可显著提高压电梁的发电能力。%The energy conversion model of the piezoelectric cantilever beam (piezoelectric beam)under displace-ment excitation in the fixed end was established according to Hamilton principle to study the influence of structural parameters,material properties as well as excitation frequency of the piezoelectric beam on energy generation by u-sing the method of numerical simulation and experimental testing.The research results showed that there were opti-mal thickness ratios (OTRs)respectively for the piezoelectric monomorph cantilever beam generator and piezoelec-tric bimorph cantilever beam generator to obtain maximal electrical energy in the same metal-plate materials.With the increasing of the Young’s modulus ratio,the OTRs of the two generators decreased in different metal-plate ma-terials.When copper and molybdenum plates were used as the substrates,the monomorph and the bimorph cantile-ver beams achieved the OTRs of (0.7,0.35)and (0.45,0.2),respectively.In the same thickness ratio (0.5)and external excitation condition,the Young's modulus showed different influences on energy generation of the two gen-erators.By adj usting the
Extinction for viscous Hamilton-Jacobi equations%粘性Hamilton-Jacobi方程的熄灭
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
田娅; 穆春来
2009-01-01
Extinction in finite time for non-negative classical solutions p∈(0,1). The occurrence of these phenomena is shown to concerned with the domain Ω. For the Cauchy problem,extinction in finite time occurs to the classical solution of the above equation depends on the behavior of the initial data u0(x) as |x|→∞.%作者研究了初边值问题ut-Δu-u+|Δu|p=0,p∈(0,1) 的非负古典解的有限时间熄灭,证明了熄灭现象的发生与区域Ω有关.对于Cauchy问题,上述方程的古典解在有限时间熄灭与否依赖于初值u0(x)在|x|→∞时的性态.
Hamilton图中的H圈数%The Number of Hamilton Cycles in a Hamilton Graph
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王明磊; 施永兵
2004-01-01
设Γk={G| |E(G)|-|V(G)|=k且G是至少有3个顶点的H图},Γn.k={G| G是阶为n≥3的图且|E(G)|-|V(G)|=k}.用f(G)表示图G的H圈数.令h(k)=max{f(G)|G∈Γk}和h(n,k)=max{f(G)|G∈Γn,k}.作者得到h(k)的上界和下界,并且当n为大于等于k的奇数以及k≤n/2+1时,确定了h(n,k).
2013-07-30
... lot of antler tine flakers; 1 antler tine tool; 1 antler toggle; 1 lot of antler tool making debris; 1... hook fragment; 1 bone indeterminate tool fragment; 1 bone tool fragment; 1 lot of bone tool making... humpback knife; 1 lot of intermediate bone tool; 4 lots of light and heavy fraction; 1 modified...
Hamilton principle for the dual electrodynamics; Principio de Hamilton para a eletrodinamica dual
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Souza Silva, Saulo Carneiro de
1995-12-31
The present work discusses the classical electromagnetic theory in the presence of magnetic monopoles. We review the connection between such objects and the long standing problem of charge quantization and the main theoretical difficulties in formulating the classical dual electromagnetic theory in terms of an action principle. We show that a deeper understanding of the source of such difficulties leads naturally to the construction of a variational principle for a non-local Lagrangian from which all the (local) dynamical equations for electric, magnetic charges and fields can be obtained. (author) 53 refs.
Ganta, Shravani; Yousuf, Asif; Nagaraj, Anup; Pareek, Sonia; Sidiq, Mohsin; Singh, Kushpal; Vishnani, Preeti
2015-06-01
Fluoride in drinking water is known for both beneficial and detrimental effects on health. The principal sources of fluoride include water, some species of vegetation, certain edible marine animals, dust and industrial processes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fluoride retention of most commonly consumed estuarine fishes among fish consuming population of Andhra Pradesh. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the amount of fluoride retention due to ten most commonly consumed estuarine fishes as a contributing factor to Fluorosis by SPADNS Spectrophotometric method. The presence and severity of dental fluorosis among fish consuming population was recorded using Community Fluorosis Index. Statistical analysis was done using MedCalc v12.2.1.0 software. For Sea water fishes, the fluoride levels in bone were maximum in Indian Sardine (4.22 ppm). Amongst the river water fishes, the fluoride levels in bone were maximum in Catla (1.51 ppm). Also, the mean total fluoride concentrations of all the river fishes in skin, muscle and bone were less (0.86 ppm) as compared to the sea water fishes (2.59 ppm). It was unveiled that sea fishes accumulate relatively large amounts of Fluoride as compared to the river water fishes. The mean Community Fluorosis Index was found to be 1.06 amongst a sampled fish consuming population. Evaluation by Community Index for Dental fluorosis (CFI) suggested that fluorosis is of medium public health importance. It was analysed that bone tends to accumulate more amount of fluoride followed by muscle and skin which might be due to the increased permeability and chemical trapping of fluoride inside the tissues. The amount of fluoride present in the fishes is directly related to the severity of fluorosis amongst fish consuming population, suggesting fishes as a contributing factor to fluorosis depending upon the dietary consumption.
TSP tour domination and Hamilton cycle decompositions of regular digraphs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gutin, Gregory; Yeo, Anders
2001-01-01
In this paper, we solve a problem by Glover and Punnen (J. Oper. Res. Soc. 48 (1997) 502-510) from the context of domination analysis, where the performance of a heuristic algorithm is rated by the number of solutions that are not better than the solution found by the algorithm, rather than...... by the relative performance compared to the optimal value. In particular, we show that for the asymmetric traveling salesman problem, there is a deterministic polynomial time algorithm that finds a tour that is at least as good as the median of all tour values. Our algorithm uses an unpublished theorem...
Discriminant possibilities of the Hamilton depression scale: ROC analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Novović Zdenka
2005-01-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to compare discrimination power of original and reconstructed version of Hamilton’s depression scale in separation of depressive vs. anxious patients and to suggest some possibilities which offer ROC analysis. The subjects of the study were 119 patients of Psychiatric clinic in Novi Sad. 67 of them were diagnosed with some of the forms of affective disorders and 52 with an anxious-phobic diagnosis. Results of ROC analysis suggest that both instruments can be used in distinguishing depressive from anxious patients, but reconstructed version shows greater sensitivity and specificity with optimal cut-off score. It also has more significant AUC, which refers to probability of prediction on the basis of the whole spectrum of the results. These data is commented in relation with current debates, between unitaristic and pluralistic oriented authors, about the nature of the anxious-depression relationship.
DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, HAMILTON COUNTY, OHIO
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk information and supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk...
K-Factors and Hamilton Cycles in Graphs
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhi Guo WANG; Zhen Jiang ZHAO
2007-01-01
We discuss k-factors and Hamiltonian Graphs in graph theory. We prove a general version f the conjecture by R. Haggkvist; as a result, we prove two extended versions of two well-known heorems due to O. Ore and B. Jachson, respectively.
Hamilton Park Care Facility, Balrothery, Balbriggan, Co. Dublin.
LENUS (Irish Health Repository)
Feeney, Sinéad
2016-02-01
High rates of psychological distress, depression and suicide have been reported among doctors. Furthermore, many doctors do not access healthcare by conventional means. This study aimed to increase understanding regarding non-consultant hospital doctors\\' (NCHDs\\') response to stress and barriers to accessing supports, and identify possible solutions. Medical manpower departments in 58 hospitals distributed a 25-item questionnaire to 4,074 NCHDs; we received 707 responses (response rate, 17.4%). 60% of NCHDs were unable to take time off work when unwell; \\'letting teammates down\\' (90.8%) and \\'difficulty covering call\\' (85.9%) were the leading reasons. \\'Being too busy\\' (85%), \\'self-prescription\\' (66.6%) and \\'self-management\\' (53.1%) were ranked highest in deterring NCHDs from visiting a general practitioner (GP). 22.9% of NCHDs would not attend a GP with anxiety or depression until they began to feel hopeless, helpless or suicidal. 12.2% would not seek help at all. 55% of respondents (n = 330) had to move away from partners or dependants due to work, negatively affecting the social supports of 82.9%. Possible practical solutions were explored. NCHDS are a vulnerable population and have a particularly challenging lifestyle. Key recommendations include improved GP and counselling access for NCHDs, and addressing the culture of self-treatment and poor health behaviours through undergraduate and postgraduate education.
OrthoImagery submittal for Hamilton County, Indiana
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Digital orthographic imagery datasets contain georeferenced images of the Earth?s surface, collected by a sensor in which object displacement has been removed for...
A bioenergetic model for zebrafish Danio rerio (Hamilton)
Chizinski, C.J.; Sharma, Bibek; Pope, K.L.; Patino, R.
2008-01-01
A bioenergetics model was developed from observed consumption, respiration and growth rates for zebrafish Danio rerio across a range (18-32?? C) of water temperatures, and evaluated with a 50 day laboratory trial at 28?? C. No significant bias in variable estimates was found during the validation trial; namely, predicted zebrafish mass generally agreed with observed mass. ?? 2008 The Authors.
Hamilton's Principle and Approximate Solutions to Problems in Classical Mechanics
Schlitt, D. W.
1977-01-01
Shows how to use the Ritz method for obtaining approximate solutions to problems expressed in variational form directly from the variational equation. Application of this method to classical mechanics is given. (MLH)
Travel stories in Colombia, 1822- 1837. Cochrane, Hamilton and Steuart
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rut Bibiana González Echeverry
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Traditionally, historical discipline has valued travel literature as an empirical source, a pool of data to illustrate historical facts and processes. However, in recent decades from literary studies and poscolonial critical thinkers such as Edward W. Said and Mary Louise Pratt had drawn attention to these writings not only as autonomous literary and aesthetic artifacts, but also as an ideological construct of traveler writers about the visited places described in their works. In this article, the interstice of these disciplinary and theoretical perspectives presents three interpretative keys that allow tackling the travel stories by themselves, without neglecting their inclusion in a broader context, as the opening of the American territories emancipated from the Spanish crown and the colonial expansion of Great Britain in the nineteenth century
DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, HAMILTON COUNTY, INDIANA, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk Information And supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk;...
Complete mitochondrial genome organization of Tor tor (Hamilton, 1822).
Kumar, Rohit; Goel, Chirag; Kumari Sahoo, Prabhati; Singh, Atul K; Barat, Ashoktaru
2016-07-01
The complete mitochondrial genome of Tor tor, a threatened "Mahseer" was sequenced for the first time. The mitochondrial genome size determined to be 16,554 bp in length and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNAs, 2 rRNA genes and a control region or displacement loop (D-Loop) region, resembling the typical organizational pattern of most of the teleost. The overall base composition found was A: 31.8%, T: 25%, G: 15.7% and C: 27.4%; A + T: 56.9% and G + C: 43.1%. The phylogenetic tree constructed using 11 other cyprinids' total mtDNA datasets confirmed the location of present species among mahseers. The total sequence data could support further study in molecular systematics, species identification, evolutionary and conservation genetics.
Hamilton Grange National Memorial Tract and Boundary Data
National Park Service, Department of the Interior — These ESRI shape files are of National Park Service tract and boundary data that was created by the Land Resources Division. Tracts are numbered and created by the...
Management plan for the Hamilton tract Modoc National Wildlife Refuge
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Management objectives for this unit of Modoc NWR will be aimed at providing diverse habitat conditions for wildlife. Some vegetation will be managed to provide areas...
Studies on Humoral Responses in Mystus gulio (Hamilton
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B. Deivasigamani
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The haemagglutinin (HA antibodies were detected in each animal by using two-fold dilutions of inactivated serum sample. Serum antibodies were detected from the second day after the primary immunization of adult Mystus gulio with SRBC. The titer values increased gradually upto day 5 and significantly on days 6 and 7. The peak response was detected on the 7th day. The minimal titer values were reached in about 12 days after the peak. The aim of this study is to evaluate the immune responses in the serum by haemoagglutinin test in freshwater catfish M. gulio.
78 FR 9001 - Airworthiness Directives; Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Propellers
2013-02-07
... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation... armature, preventing the pump from feathering the propeller. This condition, if not corrected, could...
Non-Hamiltonian systems separable by Hamilton Jacobi method
Marciniak, Krzysztof; Błaszak, Maciej
2008-05-01
We show that with every separable classical Stäckel system of Benenti type on a Riemannian space one can associate, by a proper deformation of the metric tensor, a multi-parameter family of non-Hamiltonian systems on the same space, sharing the same trajectories and related to the seed system by appropriate reciprocal transformations. These systems are known as bi-cofactor systems and are integrable in quadratures as the seed Hamiltonian system is. We show that with each class of bi-cofactor systems a pair of separation curves can be related. We also investigate the conditions under which a given flat bi-cofactor system can be deformed to a family of geodesically equivalent flat bi-cofactor systems.
DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, HAMILTON COUNTY, FLORIDA, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk information and supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk...
DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, HAMILTON COUNTY, OHIO, USA
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk information and supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭垂江; 雷定猷
2014-01-01
Reasonable scheduling for placing-in and taking-out wagons in railway siding is of great significance to improve the operation efficiency of shunting locomotive and speeding up wagon’s turn-round. Under given conditions, taking the locomotive running time between sites as weights, the paper transforms the problem of placing-in (or taking-out) wagons into the shortest route problem of Hamilton graph and changed as assignment problem. The Hungarian algorithm is applied to calculate the optimal solution of the assignment problem. Then the lower bound or optimal solution of shortest route is obtained. If it is not a optimal solution, the broken-circle and connection method designed will be applied to find the satisfactory order of placing-in and taking-out wagons, and its computation complexity is O(n2). The paper simultaneously makes a deep discussion on other forms, such as placing-in and transferring combined, taking-out and transferring combined, placing-in and taking-out combined, placing-in-transferring and taking-out combined. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the model’s formulation and solution process. A large number of small cases also show that the algorithm’s average complexity and performance is relative superior.%合理安排铁路专用线取送车顺序，对提高调车机车作业效率、加速货车周转具有重要的意义。在已知条件下，以机车在装卸点间走行时间为权，把树枝形专用线取（送）车作业优化问题转换成哈密尔顿图最短路问题，并松弛为指派问题，采用匈牙利算法求出指派问题的最优解，可得到最短回路路长的下界或最优解。若未得到最优解，再利用破圈连接法求出满意的取（送）车顺序，此算法的复杂度为O(n2)。同时对送兼调移、取兼调移、取送结合、送调取结合作业形式进行了深入地讨论。最后举例说明了模型的构造及求解过程。大量小规模案例表明
Karro,Kadri
2011-01-01
Briti kunstniku Richard Hamiltoni (1922 - 2011) loomingust eesti kunstiteadlaste Eha Komissarovi, Sirje Helme ja Jaak Kangilaski pilgu läbi. Lähemalt 1956. aastal valminud kollaažist "Mis teeb tänapäeva kodud nii eriliseks, nii meeldivaks?"
Karro,Kadri
2011-01-01
Briti kunstniku Richard Hamiltoni (1922 - 2011) loomingust eesti kunstiteadlaste Eha Komissarovi, Sirje Helme ja Jaak Kangilaski pilgu läbi. Lähemalt 1956. aastal valminud kollaažist "Mis teeb tänapäeva kodud nii eriliseks, nii meeldivaks?"
Proposed Bak Stabilization Tennessee River, River Mile 466.2 - 466.5 Hamilton County, Tennessee
2013-04-01
important as the waterways continue to provide nesting, roosting, and travel corridors for many bird and mammal species. Cultural Resources Cultural resources...25, 2012 Response Tennessee State Historic Preservation Officer X May 21, 2012 request for survey* X Concur with phased compliance Alabama
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Subramanian Arivoli; Rajan Maheswaran
2016-01-01
Objective:To evaluate the larval consumption rate ofDanio rerio (D. rerio) and Oreochromis mossambicus (O. mossambicus) for the control of filarial vector mosquitoCulex quinquefasciatus(Cx. quinquefasciatus). Methods: The fishesD. rerio andO. mossambicus were tested by feeding assay againstCx. quinquefasciatus for 24 h. Results: After 24 h of feeding assay the fishesD. rerio andO. mossambicus exhibited potential reduction rate ofCx. quinquefasciatus larvae. Conclusions:The present research work demonstrates that theD. rerio andO. mossambicus can be used for integrated mosquito management, which is simple and safe to non target organisms.
Health and Safety Plan Data Item A009. Hamilton Army Airfield, Novato, California
1990-11-01
Fir. 0.11 NU AP - Pul O E to.k (,.iub ...... 0 A3m eNM lomem m CALL FMR WW"CA Aa .ame.iui UGM7.4 mt=rnf -f wellsmM U 7.2 am. umý onaaf toy Ii urn ’Wme...CLASSIFICATION OF INJURY Fractures Heat Burns Cold Exposure __ Dislocations Chemical Burns - Heat Stroke Sprains _---Radiation Burns - Faint/Dizziness
Haniffa, M A; Dhanaraj, M; Ramakrishnan, C Muthu; Manju, R Arthi; Kumar, Y Ananth; Singh, S V Arun
2009-08-01
Inter-specific hybrids were produced between the threatened catfish species Mystus gulio x Mystus montanus. The differences in percentage of fertilization and hatching between control and interspecies were significant. The survival of hybrid was significantly lower (24.80 +/- 4.3%) when compared to control (95.1 +/- 3.5%). Time difference in yolk absorption by hybrid (73.30 h) was higher than that of control (72 h). When compared to interspecific fertilized egg the hatching time (24-25 h) and viability of larvae of the control were significantly better. In hybrids more deformed hatchlings (52.7 +/- 4.2 %) were noticed than the control (24.80 +/- 4.3%).
1994-04-01
west of the airfield BRAC property and is bounded by Hangar Avenue, Escolta Street, 6th Street, and 7th Street. The parcel consists of four buildings...parcel ("Parcel A3") is located west of the airfield BRAC property and is bounded by Hangar Avenue, Escolta Street, 8th Street, and 9th Street. The...range from approximately 25 feet at the base of the hill along Escolta Avenue to approximately 75 feet at the southwest corner of the property. The
Hamilton's equations for a fluid membrane: axial symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Capovilla, R [Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Guven, J [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo Postal 70-543, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Rojas, E [Facultad de Fisica e Inteligencia Artificial, Universidad Veracruzana, 91000 Xalapa, Veracruz (Mexico)
2005-09-23
Consider a homogeneous fluid membrane, or vesicle, described by the Helfrich-Canham energy, quadratic in the mean curvature. When the membrane is axially symmetric, this energy can be viewed as an 'action' describing the motion of a particle; the contours of equilibrium geometries are identified with particle trajectories. A novel Hamiltonian formulation of the problem is presented which exhibits the following two features: (i) the second derivatives appearing in the action through the mean curvature are accommodated in a natural phase space and (ii) the intrinsic freedom associated with the choice of evolution parameter along the contour is preserved. As a result, the phase space involves momenta conjugate not only to the particle position but also to its velocity, and there are constraints on the phase space variables. This formulation provides the groundwork for a field theoretical generalization to arbitrary configurations, with the particle replaced by a loop in space.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
L. Sahoo; A. Patel; B. P. Sahu; S. Mitra; P. K. Meher; K. D. Mahapatra; S. K. Dash; P. Jayasankar; P. Das
2015-06-01
Linkage map with wide marker coverage is an essential resource for genetic improvement study for any species. Sex-averaged genetic linkage map of Labeo rohita, popularly known as ‘rohu’, widely cultured in the Indian subcontinent, was developed by placing 68 microsatellite markers generated by a simplified method. The parents and their F1 progeny (92 individuals) were used as segregating populations. The genetic linkage map spans a sex-averaged total length of 1462.2 cM, in 25 linkage groups. The genome length of rohu was estimated to be 3087.9 cM. This genetic linkage map may facilitate systematic searches of the genome to identify genes associated with commercially important characters and marker-assisted selection programmes of this species.
Singular Lagrangian, Hamiltonization and Jacobi last multiplier for certain biological systems
Guha, Partha; Ghose Choudhury, Anindya
2013-07-01
We study the construction of singular Lagrangians using Jacobi's last multiplier (JLM). We also demonstrate the significance of the last multiplier in Hamiltonian theory by explicitly constructing the Hamiltonian of the Host-Parasite model and a Lotka-Volterra mutualistic system, both of which are well known first-order systems of differential equations arising in biology.
2010-03-16
... County, OH. The line traverses United States Postal Service Zip Codes 45209, 45212, 45227, and 45229, and includes the stations of Hyde Park and Mariemont. ] NSR states that the line does not contain federally... conditions set forth in Oregon Short Line R. Co.--Abandonment--Goshen, 360 I.C.C. 91 (1979). By issuing...
Noether's theorem and Lie symmetries for time-dependent Hamilton-Lagrange systems.
Struckmeier, Jürgen; Riedel, Claus
2002-12-01
Noether and Lie symmetry analyses based on point transformations that depend on time and spatial coordinates will be reviewed for a general class of time-dependent Hamiltonian systems. The resulting symmetries are expressed in the form of generators whose time-dependent coefficients follow as solutions of sets of ordinary differential ("auxiliary") equations. The interrelation between the Noether and Lie sets of auxiliary equations will be elucidated. The auxiliary equations of the Noether approach will be shown to admit invariants for a much broader class of potentials, compared to earlier studies. As an example, we work out the Noether and Lie symmetries for the time-dependent Kepler system. The Runge-Lenz vector of the time-independent Kepler system will be shown to emerge as a Noether invariant if we adequately interpret the pertaining auxiliary equation. Furthermore, additional nonlocal invariants and symmetries of the Kepler system will be isolated by identifying further solutions of the auxiliary equations that depend on the explicitly known solution path of the equations of motion. Showing that the invariants remain unchanged under the action of different symmetry operators, we demonstrate that a unique correlation between a symmetry transformation and an invariant does not exist.
Banerjee, Sayani; Patra, Avijit; Mondal, Anjan; Adikesavalu, Harresh; Ramudu, Kurva Raghu; Dash, Gadadhar; Joardar, Siddhartha Narayan; Abraham, Thangapalam Jawahar
2017-03-01
The present study attempted sequencing the 18S rRNA gene of Myxoboluscatmrigalae infecting the gill lamellae of carp, Cirrhinusmrigala and compared its genetic homology and phylogenetic characteristics with 18S rRNA genes of other Myxobolus spp. The infected fish had up to 3 small, creamy white plasmodia per gill filament with 30-50 spores each. The spore size was 17.90 ± 0.70 × 7.40 ± 0.40 μm. The sporoplasm contained two large nuclei of size 0.57 ± 0.09 μm and no iodinophilous vacuole. The DNA sequence of M.catmrigalae was clustered phylogenetically with other Myxobolus spp. infecting the gills of cyprinids available in GenBank, which showed 77-87 % homogeneity. On the phylogenetic tree, M.catmrigalae (KC933944) was clustered with M.pavlovskii (HM991164) infecting the gill lamellae of silver carp, Hypophthalmichthysmolitrix. The species most closely related to M.catmrigalae in GenBank was M.pavlovskii (AF507973) infecting the gill lamellae of big head carp, Aristichthysnobilis with 87 % homogeneity. This is the first report on molecular characterization of gill lamellae infecting M. catmrigalae.
Singh, Rajeev K; Mohindra, Vindhya; Pathak, Abhinav; Lal, Kuldeep K; Jena, J K
2015-06-01
The complete nucleotide sequence of mitogenome of the great snakehead, Channa marulius (Channidae), was determined and found to be 16,569 base pairs in length. The content and arrangement of different genes on the mitogenome was found similar to other typical teleosts. The overall base composition of the L-strand was found to be T (19.1%), C (31.5%), A (34.8%) and G (14.6%). The control region was 915 nt long and without any repetitive region. The mitogenome sequence data would be useful for studying phylogenetic relationship of C. marulius with other perciform species.
Utility maximization with partial information: Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation approach
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BAI Lihua; GUO Junyi
2007-01-01
This paper deals with the problem of maximizing the expected utility of the terminal wealth when the stock price satisfies a stochastic differential equation with instantaneous rates of return modelled as an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process.Here, only the stock price and interest rate can be observable for an investor.It is reduced to a partially observed stochastic control problem.Combining the filtering theory with the dynamic programming approach, explicit representations of the optimal value functions and corresponding optimal strategies are derived. Moreover, closed-form solutions are provided in two cases of exponential utility and logarithmic utility.In particular, logarithmic utility is considered under the restriction of shortselling and borrowing.
2012-08-28
... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Longyear Museum of Anthropology, Colgate University... Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes... of Anthropology at the address below by September 27, 2012. ADDRESSES: Dr. Jordan Kerber,...
2011-08-08
... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Longyear Museum of Anthropology, Colgate University... Anthropology has completed an inventory of a human remain, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes... Anthropology at the address below by September 7, 2011. ADDRESSES: Dr. Jordan Kerber, Longyear Museum...
Scrambling Index dari Digraf Hamilton Dwiwarna atas n 1 (mod 3) Titik
Suryaningsih, Ratih
2016-01-01
A two-colored digraph D(2) is a digraph whose arcs colored red or blue. Scrambling index of D(2) is smallest positive integer h + ` over all pairs of nonnegative integers h red arcs and ` blue arcs such that for each pair of vertices vi and vj in D(2) there is a vertex vw in D(2) with the property that there exist a (h, `)- walk from vi to vw and from vj to vw. This paper discusses about formula for scrambling index of primitive two-colored Hamiltonian digraphs consists two cyc...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Javd Sadeghinezhad
2017-06-01
Full Text Available The present study describes the histological and mucin histochemical properties of the alimentary canal (AC of the pangas catfish, Pangasius pangasius. The results revealed that the mucosa of the oesophagus was lined by a stratified epithelium containing chloride cells and taste buds which suggested mechanic, gustatory and physiologic roles of the oesophagus in this species. The stomach mucosa was lined by a simple columnar epithelium. The lamina propria-submucosa in cardiac and fundic stomach contained gastric glands. The pyloric stomach had the thickest muscularis layer among all the parts of the AC. The villi showed the maximum height and width in the middle intestine. The tunica muscularis and serosa showed the thinnest thickness among all parts of AC. The mucin histochemistry showed that the goblet cells of oesophagus and intestine contained both neutral and acidic with carboxylated and sulfated mucins and there was not acidic mucins in epithelial cells of the stomach.
Aberrations in the Chromosomes of Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton upon Exposure to Butachlor
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Abhay Singh Yadav
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Background: Cirrhinus mrigala, one of the important fish widely consumed in India, was used for karyological observations and to evaluate the toxic effect of butachlor, an extensively used herbicide in rice fields in terms of chromosomal aberration test. Methods: Fishes were collected from “National Fish Seed Farm” Jyotisar with mean body weight of 20-50g. The experimental fishes were kept in two treatments each with replicate of two. There were 15 fish each in the control group (T1 without exposure to butachlor and in T2 where fishes were exposed to butachlor. Results: Karyotype revealed the 2n=50 chromosome from the somatic cell. Chromosomal aberrations were reported after 24 hrs, 48 hrs, 72 hrs, and 96 hrs from kidney cell preparation in fishes exposed to 1.0 ppm, sublethal concentration of butachlor. Frequencies of chromosomal aberration revealed a significant (P<0.05 time-dependent response. Stickiness and clumping appeared at 24 and 48 hrs of exposure, end to end joining appeared after 72 hrs and chromosomal fragmentations were observed after exposure for 96 hrs. Conclusion: These studies clearly revealed the genotoxic potential of butachlor even at low dose level (1.0 ppm and suggest that butachlor interferes with cellular activities in fishes at genetic level, inducing chromosomal aberrations. Therefore, the results of these investigations suggest a serious concern towards the potential danger of butachlor for aquatic organisms and the environment suggesting judicious and careful use of this pesticide in agricultural area. These aberrations in chromosome from kidney cell preparation illustrate the risk that butachlor possesses.
Hamilton's Equations with Euler Parameters for Rigid Body Dynamics Modeling. Chapter 3
Shivarama, Ravishankar; Fahrenthold, Eric P.
2004-01-01
A combination of Euler parameter kinematics and Hamiltonian mechanics provides a rigid body dynamics model well suited for use in strongly nonlinear problems involving arbitrarily large rotations. The model is unconstrained, free of singularities, includes a general potential energy function and a minimum set of momentum variables, and takes an explicit state space form convenient for numerical implementation. The general formulation may be specialized to address particular applications, as illustrated in several three dimensional example problems.
Barriers to Walking: An Investigation of Adults in Hamilton (Ontario, Canada)
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Clark, Andrew F; Scott, Darren M
2016-01-01
.... Females, senior citizens, and those with a higher body mass index identify the most barriers to walking, while young adults, parents, driver's license owners, and bus pass owners identify the fewest barriers...
The kids at Hamilton Elementary School: Purposes and practices for co-opting science
Ortiz, Loaiza
The purpose of this study was to explore youth's purposes and motivations for engaging in science through the lens of science practices. The construct of science practices allowed me to see science in youths' lives in a holistic way, shaped by social, political, historical, economic and cultural forces. The framework for understanding urban youths' science practices is grounded in the intersections of critical and feminist theory, sociocultural learning theories, especially as applied in research in urban science education, and recent work in critical literacy studies. As I explored the answers to my research questions---(1) When 5th grade youth, living in predominantly Latino communities struggling with urban poverty, engage in science how and why do they co-opt science in ways that result in changes in participation in science? (2) What are the science practices that facilitate youths' coopting of science? And how are those practices framed by context (school, out-of-school), content (LiFE curriculum), and funds of knowledge? (3) In what ways are science practices expressions of youths' scientific literacy? And (4) In what ways do youth use science practices as tools for expressing identities and agency?---I engaged in feminist ethnography with embedded case studies. Data were collected in 2004 in school and in out of school settings. I recorded numerous informal conversations, interviews, and observations both during after-school and students' regular science and non-science classes. Findings describe how and why students co-opted science for purposes that make sense for their lives. These purposes included gaining and activating resources, building and maintaining social relationships, bridging home and school knowledge, positioning themselves with authority, and constructing science identities. Findings also explored what practices facilitated youth's co-opting of science. I highlighted three practices: making ideas public, storytelling and prioritizing and using evidence. Finally, I present an in-depth analysis of the science practice of storytelling. Analysis revealed that students engaged in storytelling to facilitate co-opting of science by: allowing them to change the discourse of the science classroom, to seek legitimacy, and to position themselves with authority. I end with implications for urban science education, teacher education and for future research.
NEIGHBORHOOD UNION OF INDEPENDENT SETS AND HAMILTONICITY OF CLAW-FREE GRAPHS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XuXinping
2005-01-01
Let G be a graph,for any u∈V(G),let N(u) denote the neighborhood of u and d(u)=|N(u)| be the degree of u. For any U V(G) ,let N(U)=Uu,∈UN(u), and d(U)=|N(U)|.A graph G is called claw-free if it has no induced subgraph isomorphic to K1.3. One of the fundamental results concerning cycles in claw-free graphs is due to Tian Feng,et al. : Let G be a 2-connected claw-free graph of order n,and d(u)+d(v)+d(w)≥n-2 for every independent vertex set {u,v,w} of G, then G is Hamiltonian. It is proved that, for any three positive integers s ,t and w,such that if G is a (s+t+w-1)connected claw-free graph of order n,and d(S)+d(T)+d(W)＞n-(s+t+w) for every three disjoint independent vertex sets S,T,W with |S |=s, |T|=t, |W|=w,and S∪T∪W is also independent ,then G is Hamiltonian. Other related results are obtained too.
Some Inverse Problems in Periodic Homogenization of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations
Luo, Songting; Tran, Hung V.; Yu, Yifeng
2016-09-01
We look at the effective Hamiltonian {overline{H}} associated with the Hamiltonian {H(p,x)=H(p)+V(x)} in the periodic homogenization theory. Our central goal is to understand the relation between {V} and {overline{H}}. We formulate some inverse problems concerning this relation. Such types of inverse problems are, in general, very challenging. In this paper, we discuss several special cases in both convex and nonconvex settings.
Band theory in the context of the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation
Bouda, A
2006-01-01
In the one-dimensional periodic potential case, we formulate the condition of Bloch periodicity for the reduced action by using the relation between the wave function and the reduced action established in the context of the equivalence postulate of quantum mechanics. Then, without appealing to the wave function properties, we reproduce the well-known dispersion relations which predict the band structure for the energy spectrum in the Kr\\"onig-Penney model.
Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale: Validity, reliability, pyscometric characteristics in our society
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Sermin Kesebir
2015-06-01
Conclusion: It is stated that SHPS distinguishes the cases diagnosed with BD and MDD from healthy individuals. Turkish forms of SHPS is valid and reliable instrument, also short, simple, based on self report and easy to apply. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(2.000: 252-257
Effect of Aflatoxin Contaminated Feed on Energy Reservesof Fish Labeo Rohita(Hamilton
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Durre Shahwar Ruby
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Effect of aflatoxin contaminated feed on glycogen content of liver,blood glucose, total serum protein and blood urea of the fish Labeo rohita was studied. The result revealed that administration of aflatoxin decreased liver glycogen and tatal serum protein but blood level of glucose and urea increased.
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Animesh Roy
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Glossogobius giuris were collected during March to September 2013 from the Payra river to estimate the length-weight relationship with relative condition factor (Kn, fecundity, gonadosomatic index (GSI and relation between fecundity and other parameters. The length-weight relationship was found to be Log W= 2.667 Log TL – 1.805 in male and Log W = 2.931 Log TL – 2.040 in female. The mean Kn were found to be 1.02±0.155 for male and 0.97±0.276 for female which indicates satisfactory condition of the fish population. The mean relative fecundity was ranged from 88495 to 264104 with a mean value of 171581±17855, having a average total length of 21.21±0.44 cm, body weight 70.22±4.62 g and gonad weight 2.74±0.31 g. The relationships among the fecundity, the total length, body weight, gonad weight were found to be linear and positively correlated. The mean GSI value was 3.42±0.33 and the highest GSI value was recorded 9.34±0.71 in the month of September. This study will help to introduce this species in sustainable aquaculture through proper management and for the development of induced breeding technique.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is the completed effort of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wilderness Fellows program to develop a monitoring strategy and evaluate the status of...
Errors, correlations and fidelity for noisy Hamilton flows. Theory and numerical examples
Turchetti, G.; Sinigardi, S.; Servizi, G.; Panichi, F.; Vaienti, S.
2017-02-01
We analyse the asymptotic growth of the error for Hamiltonian flows due to small random perturbations. We compare the forward error with the reversibility error, showing their equivalence for linear flows on a compact phase space. The forward error, given by the root mean square deviation σ (t) of the noisy flow, grows according to a power law if the system is integrable and according to an exponential law if it is chaotic. The autocorrelation and the fidelity, defined as the correlation of the perturbed flow with respect to the unperturbed one, exhibit an exponential decay as \\exp ≤ft(-2{π2}{σ2}(t)\\right) . Some numerical examples such as the anharmonic oscillator and the Hénon Heiles model confirm these results. We finally consider the effect of the observational noise on an integrable system, and show that the decay of correlations can only be observed after a sequence of measurements and that the multiplicative noise is more effective if the delay between two measurements is large.
URBAN: Development of a Citizen Science Biomonitoring Program Based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Cartwright, Lyndsay A.; Cvetkovic, Maja; Graham, Spencer; Tozer, Douglas; Chow-Fraser, Patricia
2015-01-01
Due to increasing urbanization, wetlands and streams within city limits are being altered, filled in, and degraded. The habitat that remains is critical for providing urban areas with ecosystem services and maintaining biodiversity, yet is often insufficiently monitored by environmental agencies due to a lack of resources. To help fill this void,…
Canepa, Edward S.
2017-06-19
Nowadays, traffic management has become a challenge for urban areas, which are covering larger geographic spaces and facing the generation of different kinds of traffic data. This article presents a robust traffic estimation framework for highways modeled by a system of Lighthill Whitham Richards equations that is able to assimilate different sensor data available. We first present an equivalent formulation of the problem using a Hamilton–Jacobi equation. Then, using a semi-analytic formula, we show that the model constraints resulting from the Hamilton–Jacobi equation are linear ones. We then pose the problem of estimating the traffic density given incomplete and inaccurate traffic data as a Mixed Integer Program. We then extend the density estimation framework to highway networks with any available data constraint and modeling junctions. Finally, we present a travel estimation application for a small network using real traffic measurements obtained obtained during Mobile Century traffic experiment, and comparing the results with ground truth data.
Understanding geometric algebra Hamilton, Grassmann, and Clifford for computer vision and graphics
Kanatani, Kenichi
2015-01-01
Introduction PURPOSE OF THIS BOOK ORGANIZATION OF THIS BOOK OTHER FEATURES 3D Euclidean Geometry VECTORS BASIS AND COMPONENTS INNER PRODUCT AND NORM VECTOR PRODUCTS SCALAR TRIPLE PRODUCT PROJECTION, REJECTION, AND REFLECTION ROTATION PLANES LINES PLANES AND LINES Oblique Coordinate Systems RECIPROCAL BASIS RECIPROCAL COMPONENTS INNER, VECTOR, AND SCALAR TRIPLE PRODUCTS METRIC TENSOR RECIPROCITY OF EXPRESSIONS COORDINATE TRANSFORMATIONSHamilton's Quaternion Algebra QUATERNIONS ALGEBRA OF QUATERNIONS CONJUGATE, NORM, AND INVERSE REPRESENTATION OF ROTATION BY QUATERNION Grassmann's Outer Product
Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rahman, M. Atiqur, E-mail: atirubd@yahoo.com [Department of Applied Mathematics, Rajshahi University (Bangladesh); Hossain, M. Ilias, E-mail: ilias_math@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, 6205 (Bangladesh)
2012-05-30
We investigate the Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole by massive particles tunneling method. We consider the spacetime background to be dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles and show that the tunneling rate is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum when energy and angular momentum are conserved. Our result is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek's opinion and gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of SdS black hole.
Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method
Rahman, M. Atiqur; Hossain, M. Ilias
2012-05-01
We investigate the Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole by massive particles tunneling method. We consider the spacetime background to be dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles and show that the tunneling rate is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum when energy and angular momentum are conserved. Our result is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek's opinion and gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of SdS black hole.
Transient behavior in absorptive optical bistability by the Hamilton-Jacobi method
Sarkar, S.; Satchell, J. S.
1986-04-01
One-, two-, and five-dimensional Fokker-Planck equations for absorptive bistability are solved with use of small-noise asymptotic expansions, which are different from Gaussian linearized analysis. The cases studied are the bifurcation point for the start of hysteresis, where there is critical slowing down and the fluctuations are large, and the evolution of a steady-state distribution when the input field has a step change. The time evolution of the probability distribution is calculated.
Hawking Radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter Black Hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method
Rahman, M Atiqur; 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.04.049
2012-01-01
We investigate the Hawking radiation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole by massive particles tunneling method. We consider the spacetime background to be dynamical, incorporate the self-gravitation effect of the emitted particles and show that the tunneling rate is related to the change of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the derived emission spectrum deviates from the pure thermal spectrum when energy and angular momentum are conserved. Our result is also in accordance with Parikh and Wilczek\\rq s opinion and gives a correction to the Hawking radiation of SdS black hole.
76 FR 7101 - Airworthiness Directives; Hamilton Sundstrand Propellers Model 247F Propellers
2011-02-09
... Aircraft Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park... Propellers Model 247F Propellers AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule... requires removing affected propeller blades from service. This AD was prompted by reports of blades...
1985-10-01
many more resu -s of this kind, including existence results in cases where nonuniqueness is possible and the existence of minimal solutions. We also...in these works. -4- . .. . . . . . . . . * .. ..-.. .. ... . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . H CONTENTS I. Lipschitz Hamiltonians and the stationary...condition~s at infinity VII. Further remarks on the Cauchy problem V -5-r 1. LIPSCHITZ HAMILTONIANS AN-D THE STATIONARY PROBLEM. wilIn this section we
Sense of Place and Health in Hamilton, Ontario: A Case Study
Williams, Allison; Kitchen, Peter
2012-01-01
The concept of sense of place has received considerable attention by social scientists in recent years. Research has indicated that a person's sense of place is influenced by a number of factors including the built environment, socio-economic status (SES), well-being and health. Relatively few studies have examined sense of place at the…
Sense of Place and Health in Hamilton, Ontario: A Case Study
Williams, Allison; Kitchen, Peter
2012-01-01
The concept of sense of place has received considerable attention by social scientists in recent years. Research has indicated that a person’s sense of place is influenced by a number of factors including the built environment, socio-economic status (SES), well-being and health. Relatively few studies have examined sense of place at the neighbourhood level, particularly among communities exhibiting different levels of SES. This article investigates sense of place among three neighbourhood gro...
Effect of Varying Protein Levels on the Growth of Indian Major Carp Rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton
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M.S. Chari
2006-01-01
Full Text Available A forty-nine day feeding experiment conduced to determine protein requirement of fingerlings of Labeo rohita (average weight 1.830.02 g feeding on four formulated diets with varying protein levels (25, 30, 35 and 40% using slaughter house waste as the major protein source. In terms of growth, food conversion ratio, protein efficiency ratio, survival and ratios of protein and lipid deposition in muscle, diet containing 30% protein level revealed a significantly (pLabeo rohita.
Sandipan Gupta
2014-01-01
Mystus gulio is a euryhaline fish, occurring mostly in freshwater; it has also been found to thrive in backwaters of low salinity. It is a popular food fish due to its good taste and recently it has also been reported to be exported as indigenous ornamental fish from India. Number of workers earlier has studied morphology, age, growth pattern, food and feeding habit and reproductive biology of this fish species; but no such collective documentation on these aspects is available. With this vie...
Gallavotti, G
1997-01-01
Local integrability of hyperbolic oscillators is discussed to provide an introductory example of the Arnold's diffusion phenomenon in a forced pendulum. This is a text prepared for the the ISI summer school of June 1997 and deals with developments of the topics treated in the lectures.
Lindstedt series and Hamilton-Jacobi equation for hyperbolic tori in three time scales problems
Gallavotti, G; Mastropietro, V; Gallavotti, Giovannni; Gentile, Guido; Astropietro, Vieri M
1998-01-01
Interacting systems consisting of two rotators and a pendulum are considered, in a case in which the uncoupled systems have three very different characteristic time scales. The abundance of unstable quasi periodic motions in phase space is studied via Lindstedt series. The result is a strong improvement, compared to our previous results, on the domain of validity of bounds that imply existence of invariant tori, large homoclinic angles, long heteroclinic chains and drift--diffusion in phase space.
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Patrícia Santana Ferreira
2012-12-01
Full Text Available The taeniasis-cysticercosis complex is an important disease to the public and animal health. The man plays an important role in the life cycle, because he is the unique definitive host. The adult forms of the Taenia solium or Taenia saginata holds in gut, and the larvae forms develops in the muscle of cattle and swine, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex transmission in rural area of Matias Barbosa – MG, Brazil. Catla and swine lood and human stool samples were collected from 74 farms. Cisticercosis were eníasis were diagnosis serological methods and the teniasis by direct microscopy. Moreover, a questionnaire was applied about the sanitary conditions of the animals and people envolved, food habits and housing. This research indicated the prevalence of 0,9 % of cysticercosis bovine in the rural area of Matias Barbosa. Cases of cysticercosis swine and taeniasis were not found. Some risk factors for taeniasis-cysticercosis complex transmission in the municipality were identified and discussed. Despite the low predominance of bovine cysticercosis found in Matias Barbosa, it is necessary to maintain measures to control the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex to prevent causing increased cases of the zoonosis,considering that some risk factors favorable to their emergence were found. O complexo teníase-cisticercose é uma zoonose de grande importância para a saúde pública e animal. O ser humano desempenha importante papel sendo o único hospedeiro definitivo do parasita. Albergando no intestino as formas adultas da Taenia saginata ou da Taenia solium, cabendo à forma larvar (cisticerco o desenvolvimento na musculatura de bovinos e suínos ou do próprio homem, quando este também atua como hospedeiro intermediário. Visando obter maior conhecimento sobre esta zoonose, o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar o perfil epidemiológico do complexo ten
Pushpa Gnanaraj; Subashini Karthikeyan; Murali Narasimhan; Vaidyanathan Rajagopalan
2015-01-01
Background: Acne is a common disorder among adolescents and young adults causing a considerable psychological impact including anxiety and depression. Isotretinoin, a synthetic oral retinoid is very effective in the treatment of moderate to severe acne. But there have been many reports linking isotretinoin to depression and suicide though no clear proof of association has been established so far. Objective: To determine whether oral isotretinoin increases the risk of depression in patients wi...
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document contains 3 major plans including the Habitat Management Plan, the Integrated Pest Management Plan and the Visitor Services Plan. These plans provide...
Vajoczki, Susan; Watt, Susan; Marquis, Nick; Holshausen, Katherine
2010-01-01
As universities turn to technology to become more learner-centred and address challenges created by increasing class sizes, changing consumer expectations, and increasing numbers of disability accommodation requests it is important to test the utility of technology solutions. This presentation describes a study to determine the effects of…
2009-12-01
rats, feral cats , red foxes EN 6 Geukinsia demissa Nearshore bay Suspension feeder; herbivorous Spartina detritus; phytoplankton Shore...insectivore; seed eater Insects feeding (in)directly on Salicornia; seeds; amphipods Cats , hawks, owls EN 4, 8, 9 Potamocorbula amurensis
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Pushpa Gnanaraj
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Background: Acne is a common disorder among adolescents and young adults causing a considerable psychological impact including anxiety and depression. Isotretinoin, a synthetic oral retinoid is very effective in the treatment of moderate to severe acne. But there have been many reports linking isotretinoin to depression and suicide though no clear proof of association has been established so far. Objective: To determine whether oral isotretinoin increases the risk of depression in patients with moderate to severe acne. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty patients with moderate to severe acne were treated with oral isotretinoin 0.5 mg/kg/day for a period of 3 months. Their acne and depression scoring was done at baseline and then every month for the first 3 months and then at 6 months. Results: We found that the acne scoring reduced from 3.11 ± 0.49 to 0.65 ± 0.62 (P = < 0.001 at the end of 3 months. Also, the depression scoring decreased significantly from 3.89 ± 4.9 at the beginning of study to 0.45 ± 1.12 (P < 0.001 at the end of 3 months. Both the acne and depression scores continued to remain low at the end of 6 months at 0.5 ± 0.52 (P = < 0.001 and 0.18 ± 0.51 (P = < 0.001, respectively. Conclusions: Our study proves that oral isotretinoin causes significant clearance of acne lesions. It causes significant reduction in depression scores and is not associated with an increased incidence of depression or suicidal tendencies.
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E. W. Grafarend
1997-06-01
Full Text Available The length of the gravitational field lines/of the orthogonal trajectories of a family of gravity equipotential surfaces/of the plumbline between a terrestrial topographic point and a point on a reference equipotential surface like the geoid í also known as the orthometric height í plays a central role in Satellite Geodesy as well as in Physical Geodesy. As soon as we determine the geometry of the Earth pointwise by means of a satellite GPS (Global Positioning System: «global problem solver» we are left with the problem of converting ellipsoidal heights (geometric heights into orthometric heights (physical heights. For the computation of the plumbline we derive its three differential equations of first order as well as the three geodesic equations of second order. The three differential equations of second order take the form of a Newton differential equation when we introduce the parameter time via the Marussi gauge on a conformally flat three-dimensional Riemann manifold and the generalized force field, the gradient of the superpotential, namely the modulus of gravity squared and taken half. In particular, we compute curvature and torsion of the plumbline and prove their functional relationship to the second and third derivatives of the gravity potential. For a spherically symmetric gravity field, curvature and torsion of the plumbline are zero, the plumbline is straight. Finally we derive the three Lagrangean as well as the six Hamiltonian differential equations of the plumbline, in particular in their star form with respect to Marussi gauge.
1972-11-03
QIILLT1y M4,rrTCA7ITA1 -It G-YY1CA"T rrL- U? kiy iL~jD ItISTRIIIUTON STAMP LEGIBLY. 80 ~ 1104 DATE RECEIVED) IN l) TIC 1I11OTOGRMPII TIS SIfEF~r AND...wihTompotatute Dry sulb 79 93W~ 127T974., D0610 SO* A 9 F s2 RPM ~ ~ Z,7-- - - - - - -- - -w’ DATA PRUCESSING DIV;SIQN3 USO FTAC PSYCHROMETRIC SUMMARY "AIR WEATHER
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Archya Sengupta
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Understanding the regulation of skeletal muscle development is important to meet the increasing demand of Indian major carp Labeo rohita. Myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs along with myocyte specific enhancer factor 2 (MEF2 play the pivotal role in the determination and differentiation of skeletal muscle. The majority of skeletal muscle genes require both MRFs and MEF2 family members to activate their transcription. In this study, the expression pattern of MyoD, myf-5, myogenin, and MEF2A was observed from 6 h after fertilization to 12 months of age using semiquantitative RT-PCR as well as real-time PCR method. MyoD and myf-5 mRNAs were expressed at high level at the early embryonic stages. Myogenin and MEF2A were expressed after MyoD and myf-5 and remained active up to adult stage. Expression of MyoD was lower than that of Myf-5 after the 5th month. Partial sequencing of MyoD, myf-5, and MEF2A was done to draw phylogeny. In phylogenetic study, Labeo MyoD, MEF2A and myf-5 were found to be closely related to those of common carp. The present investigation suggests that the four transcription factors play pivotal role in the regulation of muscle growth of Labeo rohita in an overlapping and interconnected way.