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Sample records for cationic ruthenium complex

  1. Study of the emission oxidative reactions of ruthenium (II) complex by cationic compounds in anionic micelles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonilha, J.B.S.

    1985-01-01

    The oxidative quenching of the emission of the tetraanionic complex tris (4,4' dicarboxylate - 2,2' - bipyridine ruthenium (II) in aqueous solution, by both organic and inorganic compounds in presence of anionic detergents, above and below the critical micelle concentration is studied. The organic cations, the inorganic ion and detergents used are shown. (M.J.C.) [pt

  2. Cationic bis-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ruthenium complex: Structure and application as latent catalyst in olefin metathesis

    KAUST Repository

    Rouen, Mathieu

    2014-09-11

    An unexpected cationic bis-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) benzylidene ether based ruthenium complex (2 a) was prepared through the double incorporation of an unsymmetrical unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbene (U2-NHC) ligand that bore an N-substituted cyclododecyl side chain. The isolation and full characterization (including X-ray diffraction studies) of key synthetic intermediates along with theoretical calculations allowed us to understand the mechanism of the overall cationization process. Finally, the newly developed complex 2 a displayed interesting latent behavior during ring-closing metathesis, which could be "switched on" under acidic conditions.

  3. Polycations XX: New Monodentate Cationic Ligands and Their Coordination with Ruthenium for the Construction of Complexes Expressing Enhanced Interaction with DNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Babukutty

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Prior investigations from this laboratory concerned with the preparation of new types of organic cations for a variety of biological and nonbiological applications have been extended to the preparation of cation-bearing ligands with nitrogen coordinating sites for use in complexation reactions with ruthenium cores. The syntheses of new cationic ligands as well as ruthenium complexes bearing them are reported here. The introduction of these new types of ligands is intended to provide to the complexes an enhanced ability to interact with DNA, and thereby to have the potential to be enhanced antitumor agents. Preliminary observations of their interactions with DNA are presented.

  4. Lipid bilayers decorated with photosensitive ruthenium complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bahreman, Azadeh

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis the thermal- and photo-substitution behavior of polypyridyl ruthenium complexes is described at the surface of lipid bilayers and in homogeneous solutions. It is shown that the successive thermal binding and light-induced unbinding of the cationic ruthenium complex at the surface of

  5. Intermolecular Dehydrative Coupling Reaction of Arylketones with Cyclic Alkenes Catalyzed by a Well-Defined Cationic Ruthenium-Hydride Complex: A Novel Ketone Olefination Method via Vinyl C–H Bond Activation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Chae S.; Lee, Do W.

    2010-01-01

    Summary The cationic ruthenium-hydride complex [(η6-C6H6)(PCy3)(CO)RuH]+BF4− was found to be a highly effective catalyst for the intermolecular olefination reaction of arylketones with cycloalkenes. The preliminary mechanistic analysis revealed that electrophilic ruthenium-vinyl complex is the key species for mediating both vinyl C–H bond activation and the dehydrative olefination steps of the coupling reaction. PMID:20567607

  6. Cationic complexes of ruthenium(II) containing phosphine, carboxylato, and nitrato ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albers, M.O.; Oosthuizen, H.E.; Singleton, E.; Stead, J.E.

    1985-09-01

    Reaction of ((eta-C8H12)RuH(NH2NMe2)3)PF6 with the acids, HX (X = RCOO,NO3), followed by treatment with mono- and bidentate tertiary phosphines provides general, high-yield synthetic routes to complexes of the type (RuXL4)PF6(X = O2CR, R = H, CF3, Ph,L2 = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane, bis(diphenylphosphino)propane, L = PMe2Ph; X = O2NO,L2 = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane, bis(diphenylphosphino)-propane), and (RuH(O2CR)L4) (R = CF3,L2 = bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, bis(diphenylphosphino)propane).

  7. Actinide cation-cation complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stoyer, N.J.; Seaborg, G.T.

    1994-12-01

    The +5 oxidation state of U, Np, Pu, and Am is a linear dioxo cation (AnO 2 + ) with a formal charge of +1. These cations form complexes with a variety of other cations, including actinide cations. Other oxidation states of actinides do not form these cation-cation complexes with any cation other than AnO 2 + ; therefore, cation-cation complexes indicate something unique about AnO 2 + cations compared to actinide cations in general. The first cation-cation complex, NpO 2 + ·UO 2 2+ , was reported by Sullivan, Hindman, and Zielen in 1961. Of the four actinides that form AnO 2 + species, the cation-cation complexes of NpO 2 + have been studied most extensively while the other actinides have not. The only PuO 2 + cation-cation complexes that have been studied are with Fe 3+ and Cr 3+ and neither one has had its equilibrium constant measured. Actinides have small molar absorptivities and cation-cation complexes have small equilibrium constants; therefore, to overcome these obstacles a sensitive technique is required. Spectroscopic techniques are used most often to study cation-cation complexes. Laser-Induced Photacoustic Spectroscopy equilibrium constants for the complexes NpO 2 + ·UO 2 2+ , NpO 2 + ·Th 4+ , PuO 2 + ·UO 2 2+ , and PuO 2 + ·Th 4+ at an ionic strength of 6 M using LIPAS are 2.4 ± 0.2, 1.8 ± 0.9, 2.2 ± 1.5, and ∼0.8 M -1

  8. Synthesis of cationic diphosphine ruthenium complexes with nido-dicarbaundecaborate anions. Molecular structure of [RuCl(dppe)2]+[7,8-nido-C2B9H12]-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheredilin, D.N.; Dolgushin, F.M.; Balagurova, E.V.; Godovikov, I.A.; Chizhevskij, I.T.

    2004-01-01

    Five new diphosphine ruthenium(II) complexes with nido-dicarbaundecaborate anions were synthesized. The composition and structure of the complexes were confirmed by data of 1 H, 31 P{ 1 H} NMR and elementary analysis. The crystal and molecular structure of solvated complex [RuCl(dppe) 2 + [7,8-nido-C 2 B 9 H 12 ] - ·CH 2 Cl 2 was ascertained by the method of X-ray diffraction analysis. It is shown that coordination sphere of ruthenium atom in the complex cation is a distorted trigonal bipyramid. The distances from ruthenium atom to phosphorus atoms are 2.398(1) and 2.391(1) A, while the angle P-Ru-P equals 175.85(5) Deg [ru

  9. Special Issue on Ruthenium Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ileana Dragutan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The organic chemistry of ruthenium has been one of the most vigorously growing research areas over the past decades. Considerable effort has been extended towards the design and application of a broad series of ruthenium complexes, which culminated with the development by Ryoji Noyori (2001 Nobel Prize for Chemistry of chiral ruthenium catalysts for stereoselective hydrogenation reactions [1], and the discovery by Robert H. Grubbs (2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry of well-defined ruthenium– benzylidene catalysts for olefin metathesis [2] [...

  10. Ruthenium complexes as antimicrobial agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fangfei; Collins, J Grant; Keene, F Richard

    2015-04-21

    One of the major advances in medical science has been the development of antimicrobials; however, a consequence of their widespread use has been the emergence of drug-resistant populations of microorganisms. There is clearly a need for the development of new antimicrobials--but more importantly, there is the need for the development of new classes of antimicrobials, rather than drugs based upon analogues of known scaffolds. Due to the success of the platinum anticancer agents, there has been considerable interest in the development of therapeutic agents based upon other transition metals--and in particular ruthenium(II/III) complexes, due to their well known interaction with DNA. There have been many studies of the anticancer properties and cellular localisation of a range of ruthenium complexes in eukaryotic cells over the last decade. However, only very recently has there been significant interest in their antimicrobial properties. This review highlights the types of ruthenium complexes that have exhibited significant antimicrobial activity and discusses the relationship between chemical structure and biological processing--including site(s) of intracellular accumulation--of the ruthenium complexes in both bacterial and eukaryotic cells.

  11. cyclic -perimeter hydrocarbon ruthenium complexes bearing ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    - cyclic -perimeter hydrocarbon ruthenium complexes bearing functionalized pyridyl diketones: Isolation of complexes with 2-N∩O and 4-N∩O bonding modes of ligands. Saphidabha L Nongbri Babulal Das Mohan Rao Kollipara.

  12. Photochemically Induced Isomerisation of Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fanni, Stefano; Weldon, Frances M.; Hammarström, Leif; Mukhtar, Emad; Browne, Wesley R.; Keyes, Tia E.; Vos, Johannes G.

    2001-01-01

    The synthesis and characterisation of a series of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes containing pyridyltriazole ligands in different coordination modes are described. The electrochemical and electronic properties of the compounds with respect to the coordination mode of the pyridyltriazole ligand are

  13. Cyclometallated ruthenium (II) carbonyl complexes with 1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A facile method for the synthesis of a series of cyclometallated ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with 1-pyrenaldehyde 4-R-3-thiosemicarbazones (H2Ln where the two H's represent the dissociable thioamide and pyrenyl protons; R = H, Me and Ph) has been described. The characterization of the complexes having the ...

  14. Electronic structures of ruthenium complexes encircling non ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Electronic structural forms of selected mononuclear and dinuclear ruthenium complexes encompassing redox non-innocent terminal as well as bridging ligands have been addressed. The sensitive valence and spin situations of the complexes have been established in the native and accessible redox states via detailed ...

  15. Anticancer cationic ruthenium nanovectors: from rational molecular design to cellular uptake and bioactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangiapia, Gaetano; Vitiello, Giuseppe; Irace, Carlo; Santamaria, Rita; Colonna, Alfredo; Angelico, Ruggero; Radulescu, Aurel; D'Errico, Gerardino; Montesarchio, Daniela; Paduano, Luigi

    2013-08-12

    An efficient drug delivery strategy is presented for novel anticancer amphiphilic ruthenium anionic complexes, based on the formation of stable nanoparticles with the cationic lipid 1,2-dioleyl-3-trimethylammoniumpropane chloride (DOTAP). This strategy is aimed at ensuring high ruthenium content within the formulation, long half-life in physiological media, and enhanced cell uptake. An in-depth microstructural characterization of the aggregates obtained mixing the ruthenium complex and the phospholipid carrier at 50/50 molar ratio is realized by combining a variety of techniques, including dynamic light scattering (DLS), small angle neutron scattering (SANS), neutron reflectivity (NR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and zeta potential measurements. The in vitro bioactivity profile of the Ru-loaded nanoparticles is investigated on human and non-human cancer cell lines, showing IC(50) values in the low μM range against MCF-7 and WiDr cells, that is, proving to be 10-20-fold more active than AziRu, a previously synthesized NAMI-A analog, used for control. Fluorescence microscopy studies demonstrate that the amphiphilic Ru-complex/DOTAP formulations, added with rhodamine-B, are efficiently and rapidly incorporated in human MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells. The intracellular fate of the amphiphilic Ru-complexes was investigated in the same in vitro model by means of an ad hoc designed fluorescently tagged analog, which exhibited a marked tendency to accumulate within or in proximity of the nuclei.

  16. Enyne Metathesis Catalyzed by Ruthenium Carbene Complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carina Storm; Madsen, Robert

    2003-01-01

    Enyne metathesis combines an alkene and an alkyne into a 1,3-diene. The first enyne metathesis reaction catalyzed by a ruthenium carbene complex was reported in 1994. This review covers the advances in this transformation during the last eight years with particular emphasis on methodology...

  17. Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes in radioactive waste solutions in reprocessing plants. Pt. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blasius, E.; Mueller, K.

    1984-01-01

    With capillary isotachophoresis and free-flow isotachophoresis it is possible to separate and isolate preparatively the mononuclear cationic ruthenium nitrosyl nitrato complexes. The behaviour of these complexes during storage, concentration and calcination is studied: The conversion of six ruthenium nitrosyl nitrato complexes as a function of time is studied at -36 0 C, 0 0 C, +3 0 C and 100 0 C. The percentage of ruthenium nitrosyl complexes with NO 3 - as ligand increased markedly during concentration experiments. Above 250 0 C NOsub(x) is liberated and the colour of the residue changes from brown to brownish-grey. At 400 0 C ruthenium complexes are no longer detected and the inner walls of the apparatus are covered with RuO 2 . (orig.)

  18. Electron transfer reactions of ruthenium(II) complexes with polyphenolic acids in micelles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajeswari, Angusamy [School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021 (India); Department of Chemistry, Fatima College, Madurai 625 018 (India); Ramdass, Arumugam [School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021 (India); Research Department of Chemistry, Aditanar College of Arts and Science, Tiruchendur 628 216 (India); Muthu Mareeswaran, Paulpandian [School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021 (India); Department of Industrial Chemistry, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003 (India); Rajagopal, Seenivasan, E-mail: rajagopalseenivasan@yahoo.com [School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021 (India)

    2016-02-15

    The electron transfer in a microhetrogeneous system is a perfect mimic of biological electron transfer. The electron transfer between biologically important phenolic acids and ruthenium (II) complexes is systematically studied in the presence of anionic and cationic micelles. The photophysical properties of these ruthenium (II) complexes with anionic and cationic micelles and their binding abilities with these two type of micelles are also studies using absorption, emission and excited state lifetime spectral techniques. Pseudophase Ion Exchange (PIE) Model is applied to derive mechanism of electron transfer in two types of micelles. - Highlights: • Effect of microhetrogeneous system is studied using ruthenium (II) complexes and gallic acid is studied. • Pseudophase Ion exchange model is applied to derive the mechanism. • Binding constants are in the range of 10{sup 2}–10{sup 4} M{sup −1}.

  19. cyclic π-perimeter hydrocarbon ruthenium complexes bearing ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (η6-arene)Ru(II) fragments12 and arene ruthenium triazole complexes containing N∩O-bidentate ligand as the auxiliary ligand have been reported.13 Exten- sive biological studies,14,15 catalytic activities11 and development of structural designs16–20 have been car- ried out with arene ruthenium complexes of pyrazine.

  20. Ruthenium(II) Complexes as Potential Apoptosis Inducers in Chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Kangdi; Wu, Qiong; Wang, Chengxi; Tan, Weijun; Mei, Wenjie

    2017-01-01

    Herein, the development of ruthenium complexes as potential apoptosis inducers, as well as their underlying mechanism has been reviewed. In recent years, various ruthenium complexes have been designed and their in vitro and in vivo inhibitory activities against various types of tumor cells have been evaluated extensively. It's demonstrated that ruthenium complexes can induce apoptosis of tumor cells through the signal pathway of mitochondria-mediated, death receptor-mediated, and/or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathways. Alternately, the binding behavior of these ruthenium(II) complexes with DNA, especially with Gquadruplex DNA may play a key role in the DNA damage of tumor cells, and thus provides a versatile tool to rational design novel ruthenium complexes with high activity and selectivity.

  1. Half-sandwich ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sandwich ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes of triazolopyridine ligand: Synthesis and structural studies. NARASINGA RAO PALEPU RAO MOHAN KOLLIPARA. Regular Article Volume 129 Issue 2 February 2017 pp 177-184 ...

  2. Ruthenium(II) complexes bearing pyridine-functionalized N ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    bromopyridine with 1- substituted imidazoles. These imidazolium salts (1a–d) were successfully employed as ligand precursors for the syntheses of new ruthenium(II) complexes bearing neutral bidentate ligands of N-heterocyclic carbene and.

  3. Ruthenium (II) complexes bearing pyridine-functionalized N ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    bromopyridine with 1- substituted imidazoles. These imidazolium salts (1a–d) were successfully employed as ligand precursors for the syntheses of new ruthenium(II) complexes bearing neutral bidentate ligands of N-heterocyclic carbene and pyridine ...

  4. Design and development of polynuclear ruthenium and platinum polypyridyl complexes in search of new anticancer agents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schilden, Karlijn van der

    2006-01-01

    The research described in this Ph.D. Thesis has been devoted to the design and development of polynuclear polypyridyl ruthenium and ruthenium-platinum complexes in search of new anticancer agents. A variety of polynuclear ruthenium and ruthenium-platinum complexes has been synthesized with a long

  5. Striking Difference in Antiproliferative Activity of Ruthenium- and Osmium-Nitrosyl Complexes with Azole Heterocycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes of the general formulas (cation)+[cis-RuCl4(NO)(Hazole)]−, where (cation)+ = (H2ind)+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (Hind) (1c), (cation)+ = (H2pz)+, Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (Hpz) (2c), (cation)+ = (H2bzim)+, Hazole = 1H-benzimidazole (Hbzim) (3c), (cation)+ = (H2im)+, Hazole = 1H-imidazole (Him) (4c) and (cation)+[trans-RuCl4(NO)(Hazole)]−, where (cation)+ = (H2ind)+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (1t), (cation)+ = (H2pz)+, Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (2t), as well as osmium analogues of the general formulas (cation)+[cis-OsCl4(NO)(Hazole)]−, where (cation)+ = (n-Bu4N)+, Hazole =1H-indazole (5c), 1H-pyrazole (6c), 1H-benzimidazole (7c), 1H-imidazole (8c), (cation)+ = Na+; Hazole =1H-indazole (9c), 1H-benzimidazole (10c), (cation)+ = (H2ind)+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (11c), (cation)+ = H2pz+, Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (12c), (cation)+ = (H2im)+, Hazole = 1H-imidazole (13c), and (cation)+[trans-OsCl4(NO)(Hazole)]−, where (cation)+ = n-Bu4N+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (5t), 1H-pyrazole (6t), (cation)+ = Na+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (9t), (cation)+ = (H2ind)+, Hazole = 1H-indazole (11t), (cation)+ = (H2pz)+, Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (12t), have been synthesized. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, ESI mass spectrometry, spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV–vis, 1D and 2D NMR) and X-ray crystallography (1c·CHCl3, 1t·CHCl3, 2t, 3c, 6c, 6t, 8c). The antiproliferative activity of water-soluble compounds (1c, 1t, 3c, 4c and 9c, 9t, 10c, 11c, 11t, 12c, 12t, 13c) in the human cancer cell lines A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma) has been assayed. The effects of metal (Ru vs Os), cis/trans isomerism, and azole heterocycle identity on cytotoxic potency and cell line selectivity have been elucidated. Ruthenium complexes (1c, 1t, 3c, and 4c) yielded IC50 values in the low micromolar concentration range. In contrast to most pairs of analogous ruthenium and osmium complexes known, they turned

  6. Nitrofurylsemicarbazone rhenium and ruthenium complexes as anti-trypanosomal agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero, Lucía; Aguirre, Gabriela; Boiani, Lucía; Denicola, Ana; Rigol, Carolina; Olea-Azar, Claudio; Maya, Juan Diego; Morello, Antonio; González, Mercedes; Gambino, Dinorah; Cerecetto, Hugo

    2006-11-01

    Rhenium and ruthenium complexes of the type [Re(V)OCl(2)(PPh(3))L] and [Ru(II)Cl(2)(DMSO)(2)L], where L are 5-nitrofurylsemicarbazone derivatives, were prepared in an effort to obtain new anti-trypanosomal agents combining the recognized biological activity of these metals and the trypanocidal activity of the free ligands. Rhenium complexes resulted unstable in aqueous solution not allowing their use as potential drugs. On the other hand, complexation to ruthenium of the bioactive ligands lead to the lack of antiprotozoa activity even though free radical production and redox cycling induction were detected when the compounds were incubated in presence of Trypanosoma cruzi cells. The lack of anti-trypanosomal activity of ruthenium complexes could be explained on the basis of their high protein binding capacity and their high hydrophilicity.

  7. Biological Potential of Halfsandwich Ruthenium(II) and Iridium (III) Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Gerd; Mojić, Marija; Bulatović, Mirna; Mijatović, Sanja; Maksimović-Ivanić, Danijela; Steinborn, Dirk; Kaluđerović, Goran N

    2016-01-01

    In vitro studies with the ruthenium(II) and analogous iridium(III) complexes [Ru(η6- p-cymene)Cl2{Ph2PCH2CH2CH2S(O)xPh-κP}], [Ru(η6-p-cymene)Cl{Ph2PCH2CH2CH2S(O)xPh- κP,κS}][PF6] (1-4), [Ir(η5-C5Me5)Cl2{Ph2PCH2CH2CH2S(O)xPh-κP}] and [Ir(η5-C5Me5)Cl{Ph2 PCH2CH2CH2S(O)xPh-κP,κS}][PF6] (5-8; x = 0, 1) revealed the high selectivity toward the 8505C, A253, MCF-7, SW480 and 518A2 cancer cell lines. Thus, the cationic ruthenium complex 4 proved to be the most selective one. In case of the neutral and cationic ruthenium complexes 1-4 the caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death was proven as the main cause of the drug's tumoricidal action on 8505C cell line.

  8. Biological processing of dinuclear ruthenium complexes in eukaryotic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin; Heimann, Kirsten; Dinh, Xuyen Thi; Keene, F Richard; Collins, J Grant

    2016-10-20

    The biological processing - mechanism of cellular uptake, effects on the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial membranes, intracellular sites of localisation and induction of reactive oxygen species - of two dinuclear polypyridylruthenium(ii) complexes has been examined in three eukaryotic cells lines. Flow cytometry was used to determine the uptake of [{Ru(phen)2}2{μ-bb12}](4+) (Rubb12) and [Ru(phen)2(μ-bb7)Ru(tpy)Cl](3+) {Rubb7-Cl, where phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, tpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine and bbn = bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-1,n-alkane} in baby hamster kidney (BHK), human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) and liver carcinoma (HepG2) cell lines. The results demonstrated that the major uptake mechanism for Rubb12 and Rubb7-Cl was active transport, although with a significant contribution from carrier-assisted diffusion for Rubb12 and passive diffusion for Rubb7-Cl. Flow cytometry coupled with Annexin V/TO-PRO-3 double-staining was used to compare cell death by membrane damage or apoptosis. Rubb12 induced significant direct membrane damage, particularly with HepG2 cells, while Rubb7-Cl caused considerably less membrane damage but induced greater levels of apoptosis. Confocal microscopy, coupled with JC-1 assays, demonstrated that Rubb12 depolarises the mitochondrial membrane, whereas Rubb7-Cl had a much smaller affect. Cellular localisation experiments indicated that Rubb12 did not accumulate in the mitochondria, whereas significant mitochondrial accumulation was observed for Rubb7-Cl. The effect of Rubb12 and Rubb7-Cl on intracellular superoxide dismutase activity showed that the ruthenium complexes could induce cell death via a reactive oxygen species-mediated pathway. The results of this study demonstrate that Rubb12 predominantly kills eukaryotic cells by damaging the cytoplasmic membrane. As this dinuclear ruthenium complex has been previously shown to exhibit greater toxicity towards bacteria than eukaryotic cells, the results of the present study suggest that

  9. Photoactivatable organometallic pyridyl ruthenium(II) arene complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Betanzos-Lara, S.; Salassa, L.; Habtemariam, A.; Nováková, Olga; Pizarro, A.M.; Clarkson, G.J.; Lišková, Barbora; Brabec, Viktor; Sadler, P.J.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 31, č. 9 (2012), s. 3466-3479 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GD301/09/H004 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : ruthenium(II) arene complexes * photochemotherapy * DNA binding Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 4.145, year: 2012

  10. Half-sandwich ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes [1–4] have been synthesized by reaction of [{(arene)MCl2}2] (arene ... we ended up with the triazolylpyridine. Curiously, this ring system has been ignored as a ligand in coordination chemistry. There have been only a few reports of ..... ands: Structural diversity in iron(II), cobalt(II),.

  11. Ruthenium complexes of chelating amido-functionalized N ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ruthenium complexes of chelating amido-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene ligands: Synthesis, structure and DFT studies. SACHIN KUMARa, ANANTHA NARAYANANa, MITTA NAGESWAR RAOa,. MOBIN M SHAIKHb and PRASENJIT GHOSHa,∗. aDepartment of Chemistry and bNational Single Crystal X-ray ...

  12. Molecular Models of Ruthenium(II) Organometallic Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, William F.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the featured molecules for the month of March, which appear in the paper by Ozerov, Fafard, and Hoffman, and which are related to the study of the reactions of a number of "piano stool" complexes of ruthenium(II). The synthesis of compound 2a offers students an alternative to the preparation of ferrocene if they are only…

  13. High spectral response heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complexes as ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    better monochromatic incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) across the spectral range of 400 to 800 nm with solar .... High spectral response heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complexes as sensitizers for dye sensitized solar cells. 39 ..... electrolyte increases the exchange reaction between I- and I3. − which in turn ...

  14. Ruthenium(II) complexes containing bidentate Schiff bases and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Abstract. Reactions of ruthenium(II) complexes [RuHX(CO)(EPh3)2(B)] (X = H or Cl; B = EPh3, pyri- dine (py) or piperidine (pip); E = P or As) with bidentate Schiff base ligands derived by condensing o- hydroxyacetophenone with aniline, o- or p-methylaniline have been carried out. The products were cha- racterized by ...

  15. Kinetics and Photochemistry of Ruthenium Bisbipyridine Diacetonitrile Complexes: An Interdisciplinary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Laboratory Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapp, Teresa L.; Phillips, Susan R.; Dmochowski, Ivan J.

    2016-01-01

    The study of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes can be widely applied across disciplines in the undergraduate curriculum. Ruthenium photochemistry has advanced many fields including dye-sensitized solar cells, photoredox catalysis, lightdriven water oxidation, and biological electron transfer. Equally promising are ruthenium polypyridyl complexes…

  16. Ruthenium Complexes as NO Donors for Vascular Relaxation Induction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Galvão de Lima

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Nitric oxide (NO donors are substances that can release NO. Vascular relaxation induction is among the several functions of NO, and the administration of NO donors is a pharmacological alternative to treat hypertension. This review will focus on the physicochemical description of ruthenium-derived NO donor complexes that release NO via reduction and light stimulation. In particular, we will discuss the complexes synthesized by our research group over the last ten years, and we will focus on the vasodilation and arterial pressure control elicited by these complexes. Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC and potassium channels are the main targets of the NO species released from the inorganic compounds. We will consider the importance of the chemical structure of the ruthenium complexes and their vascular effects.

  17. Spectroelectrochemical and cyclic voltametry of polynuclear complexes and ruthenium (II) tris(bipyrazine) with peripheric ruthenium-edta clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sernaglia, R.L.; Toma, H.E.

    1990-01-01

    A new serie of polynuclear complexes from ruthenium (II) this (bipyrazine) by ligands of ruthenium-EDTA clusters in peripherical nitrogen of bipyrazine is presented. The [Ru (bpz) sub(3)] Q sub(2). 3,5 H sub(2)O and [Ru (H EDTA) (H sub(2)O]. 4 H sub(2)O complexes were synthetized and data of electronic spectra, cyclic voltametry and spectroelectrochemical were shown. (author)

  18. Preparation, stability, and photoreactivity of thiolato ruthenium polypyridyl complexes: Can cysteine derivatives protect ruthenium-based anticancer complexes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rixel, Vincent H S; Busemann, Anja; Göttle, Adrien J; Bonnet, Sylvestre

    2015-09-01

    Ruthenium polypyridyl complexes may act as light-activatable anticancer prodrugs provided that they are protected by well-coordinated ligands that i) prevent coordination of other biomolecules to the metal center in the dark and ii) can be removed by visible light irradiation. In this paper, the use of monodentate thiol ligands RSH as light-cleavable protecting groups for the ruthenium complex [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(OH2)](PF6)2 ([1](PF6)2; tpy=2,2';6',2″-terpyridine, bpy=2,2'-bypyridine), is investigated. The reaction of [1](2+) with RSH=H2Cys (L-cysteine), H2Acys (N-acetyl-L-cysteine), and HAcysMe (N-acetyl-L-cysteine methyl ester), is studied by UV-visible spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. Coordination of the monodentate thiol ligands to the ruthenium complex takes place upon heating to 353 K, but full conversion to the protected complex [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(SR)]PF6 is only possible when a large excess of ligand is used. Isolation and characterization of the two new thiolato complexes [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(κS-HCys)]PF6 ([2]PF6) and [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(κS-HAcys)]PF6 ([3]PF6) is reported. [3]PF6 shows a metal-to-ligand charge-transfer absorption band that is red shifted (λmax=492 nm in water) compared to its methionine analogue [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(κS-HAmet)](Cl)2 ([5](Cl)2, λmax=452 nm; HAmet=N-acetyl-methionine). In the dark the thiolate ligand coordinated to ruthenium is oxidized even by traces of oxygen, which first leads to the sulfenato, sulfinato, and disulfide ruthenium complexes, and finally to the formation of the aqua complex [1](2+). [3]PF6 showed slow photosubstitution of the thiolate ligand by water under blue light irradiation, together with faster photooxidation of the thiolate ligand compared to dark conditions. The use of thiol vs. thioether monodentate ligands is discussed for the protection of anticancer ruthenium-based prodrugs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Bipyrimidine ruthenium(II) arene complexes: structure, reactivity and cytotoxicity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Betanzos-Lara, S.; Nováková, Olga; Deeth, R.J.; Pizarro, A.M.; Clarkson, G.J.; Lišková, Barbora; Brabec, Viktor; Sadler, P.J.; Habtemariam, A.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 17, č. 7 (2012), s. 1033-1051 ISSN 0949-8257 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP301/10/0598; GA ČR(CZ) GD301/09/H004 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : ruthenium(II) arene complexes * cytotoxicity * DNA binding Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 3.353, year: 2012

  20. Allenylidene Complexes of Ruthenium: Synthesis, Spectroscopy and Electron Transfer Properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Winter, R. F.; Záliš, Stanislav

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 248, 15/16 (2004), s. 1565-1583 ISSN 0010-8545 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/03/0821; GA MŠk OC D14.20 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : spectroscopy * allenylidine complexes of ruthenium * electron transfer Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 6.446, year: 2004

  1. Study of 6-cyclic -perimeter hydrocarbon ruthenium complexes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1,3-dione (dppdH) ligands yielded new water soluble 6-arene ruthenium(II) complexes of the formulation [(6-arene)Ru(2-N-O-pppdH)Cl]+ (arene = C6H6 1, pPrC6H4Me 2, C6Me6 3) and [(6-arene)2Ru2(4-N-O-dppd)Cl2]+ (arene ...

  2. Antiparasitic activities of novel ruthenium/lapachol complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Marília I F; Corrêa, Rodrigo S; de Oliveira, Katia Mara; Rodrigues, Claudia; Ellena, Javier; Nascimento, Otaciro R; Rocha, Vinícius P C; Nonato, Fabiana R; Macedo, Taís S; Barbosa-Filho, José Maria; Soares, Milena B P; Batista, Alzir A

    2014-07-01

    The present study describes the synthesis, characterization, antileishmanial and antiplasmodial activities of novel diimine/(2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 4,4'-methylbipyridine (Me-bipy) and 4,4'-methoxybipyridine (MeO-bipy)/phosphine/ruthenium(II) complexes containing lapachol (Lap, 2-hydroxy-3-(3-33 methyl-2-buthenyl)-1,4-naphthoquinone) as bidentate ligand. The [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 (1), [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(Me-bipy)]PF6 (2), [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(MeO-bipy)]PF6(3) and[Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(phen)]PF6 (4) complexes, PPh3=triphenylphospine, were synthesized from the reactions of cis-[RuCl2(PPh3)2(X-bipy)] or cis-[RuCl2(PPh3)2(phen)], with lapachol. The [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] (5) [dppb=1,4-bis(diphenylphosphine)butane] was synthesized from the mer-[RuCl3(dppb)(H2O)] complex. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, infrared and UV-vis spectroscopy, (31)P{(1)H} and (1)H NMR, and cyclic voltammetry. The Ru(III) complex, [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)], was also characterized by the EPR technique. The structure of the complexes [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 and [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] was elucidated by X-ray diffraction. The evaluation of the antiparasitic activities of the complexes against Leishmania amazonensis and Plasmodium falciparum demonstrated that lapachol-ruthenium complexes are more potent than the free lapachol. The [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] complex is the most potent and selective antiparasitic compound among the five new ruthenium complexes studied in this work, exhibiting an activity comparable to the reference drugs. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Spectroscopic investigation on the interaction of ruthenium complexes with tumor specific lectin, jacalin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayaz Ahmed, Khan Behlol; Reshma, Elamvazhuthi; Mariappan, Mariappan; Anbazhagan, Veerappan

    2015-02-25

    Several ruthenium complexes are regarded as anticancer agents and considered as an alternative to the widely used platinum complexes. Owing to the preferential interaction of jacalin with tumor-associated T-antigen, we report the interaction of jacalin with four ruthenium complex namely, tris(1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II)chloride, bis(1,10-phenanthroline)(N-[1,10]phenanthrolin-5-yl-pyrenylmethanimine)ruthenium(II)chloride, bis(1,10-phenanthroline)(dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]-phenazine)ruthenium(II)chloride, bis(1,10-phenanthroline)(11-(9-acridinyl)dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine)ruthenium(II) chloride. Fluorescence spectroscopic analysis revealed that the ruthenium complexes strongly quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of jacalin through a static quenching procedure, and a non-radiative energy transfer occurred within the molecules. Association constants obtained for the interaction of different ruthenium complexes with jacalin are in the order of 10(5) M(-1), which is in the same range as those obtained for the interaction of lectin with carbohydrate and hydrophobic ligand. Each subunit of the tetrameric jacalin binds one ruthenium complex, and the stoichiometry is found to be unaffected by the presence of the specific sugar, galactose. In addition, agglutination activity of jacalin is largely unaffected by the presence of the ruthenium complexes, indicating that the binding sites for the carbohydrate and the ruthenium complexes are different. These results suggest that the development of lectin-ruthenium complex conjugate would be feasible to target malignant cells in chemo-therapeutics. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Reactions of dihydridotetrakis(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium(II) with olefins and isolation of new ruthenium-olefin complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Komiya, Sanshiro; Yamamoto, Akio

    1976-01-01

    Dihydridotetrakis(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium (II), RuH 2 (PPh 3 ) 4 , reacts with olefins (ethylene, propylene, stylene and butadiene) to give olefin-coordinated complexes of the type, Ru(olefin)(PPh 3 ) 3 and equimolar amounts of their hydrogenation products per mol of the dihydride complex. The olefin coordinated with ruthenium can be exchanged with other olefins. Olefin-coordinated complexes easily react with molecular hydrogen to afford tetrahydridotris(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium, RuH 4 (PPh 3 ) 3 , releasing alkane at room temperature, Under hydrogen atmosphere catalytic hydrogenation of the olefins smoothly takes place with RuH 2 (PPh 3 ) 4 . (Ethylene)tris(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium(0) reacts with methyl iodide to give propylene and a trace of butadiene along with methane, ethylene, and small amounts of ethane and butenes. The formation of propylene suggests that oxidative addition involving cleavage of the C-H bond of ethylene to ruthenium giving a hydridovinyl complex may be taking place. Reactions of Ru(C 2 H 4 )(PPh 3 ) 3 with methyl-d 3 iodide and ethyl iodide, and of Ru(C 3 H 6 )(PPh 3 ) 3 with methyl iodide were examined to test the generality of this type of reaction. The reaction of Ru(C 2 H 4 )(PPh 3 ) 3 with CD 3 I released CD 4 and CD 2 H 2 together with CD 3 H suggesting the involvement of α-hydrogen abstraction. (auth.)

  5. CuAAC click reactions for the design of multifunctional luminescent ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabarska, Natalia; Stumper, Anne; Rau, Sven

    2016-02-14

    CuAAC (Cu(i) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition) click chemistry has emerged as a versatile tool in the development of photoactive ruthenium complexes with multilateral potential applicability. In this contribution we discuss possible synthetic approaches towards CuAAC reactions with ruthenium(ii) polypyridine complexes and their differences with respect to possible applications. We focus on two main application possibilities of the click-coupled ruthenium assemblies. New results within the development of ruthenium based photosensitizers for the field of renewable energy supply, i.e. DSSCs (dye-sensitized solar cells) and artificial photocatalysis for the production of hydrogen, or for anticancer photodynamic therapeutic applications are reviewed.

  6. Ruthenium(II) complex-based fluorescent sensor for peroxynitrite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jingjin; Wu, Jiasheng; Liu, Weimin; Wang, Pengfei; Fan, Zhiyuan

    We have developed a new ruthenium complex, Ru(bpy)2[4-(2,2'-bipyridin-4-yloxy)phenol]Cl2 (RuL), as a fluorescent sensor to detect peroxynitrite (ONOO-). The results showed that the addition of ONOO- to the aqueous solution of RuL would result in distinct fluorescence quenching at 600 nm. RuL exhibits a good selectivity for ONOO- over other reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrite species (RNS), and the reaction time is less than 1.5 s. The sensing mechanism is proposed as the oxidative O-dealkylation reaction.

  7. Enantioselective olefin metathesis with cyclometalated ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, John; Dornan, Peter K; Grubbs, Robert H

    2014-09-17

    The success of enantioselective olefin metathesis relies on the design of enantioenriched alkylidene complexes capable of transferring stereochemical information from the catalyst structure to the reactants. Cyclometalation of the NHC ligand has proven to be a successful strategy to incorporate stereogenic atoms into the catalyst structure. Enantioenriched complexes incorporating this design element catalyze highly Z- and enantioselective asymmetric ring opening/cross metathesis (AROCM) of norbornenes and cyclobutenes, and the difference in ring strain between these two substrates leads to different propagating species in the catalytic cycle. Asymmetric ring closing metathesis (ARCM) of a challenging class of prochiral trienes has also been achieved. The extent of reversibility and effect of reaction setup was also explored. Finally, promising levels of enantioselectivity in an unprecedented Z-selective asymmetric cross metathesis (ACM) of a prochiral 1,4-diene was demonstrated.

  8. Ruthenium Cumulenylidene Complexes Bearing Heteroscorpionate Ligands

    OpenAIRE

    Strinitz, Frank

    2014-01-01

    In previous work of the BURZLAFF group, the design of suitable N,N,O ligands for a wide variety of applications ranging from catalysis to bioinorganic model compounds has been extensively investigated. Especially the methyl substituted bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl) acetate (bdmpza) ligand has shown manifold chemistry, comparable to the anionic cyclopentadienyl (Cp) and hydridotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borato (Tp) ligand. In the first part of this thesis the new tricarbonylmanganese(I) complexes be...

  9. Synthesis, structure, DNA binding and anticancer activity of mixed ligand ruthenium(II) complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilewska, Agnieszka; Masternak, Joanna; Kazimierczuk, Katarzyna; Trynda, Justyna; Wietrzyk, Joanna; Barszcz, Barbara

    2018-03-01

    In order to obtain a potential chemotherapeutic which is not affected on the normal BALB/3T3 cell line, a new arene ruthenium(II) complex {[RuCl(L1)(η6-p-cymene)]PF6}2 · H2O has been synthesized by a direct reaction of precursor, [{(η6-p-cymene)Ru(μ-Cl)}2Cl2], with N,N-chelating ligand (L1 - 2,2‧-bis(4,5-dimethylimidazole). The compound has been fully characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, IR, UV-Vis and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopies. X-ray analysis have confirmed that the compound crystallized in the monoclinic group Cc as an inversion twin. The asymmetric unit contains two symmetrically independent cationic complexes [RuCl(L1)(η6-p-cymene)]+ whose charge is balanced by two PF6- counterions. The shape of each cationic coordination polyhedral can be described as a distorted dodecahedron and shows a typical piano-stool geometry. In addition, an analysis of the crystal structure and the Hirshfeld surface analysis were used to detect and visualize important hydrogen bonds and intermolecular interaction. Moreover, the antiproliferative behavior of the obtained complex was assayed against three human cells: MV-4-11, LoVo, MCF-7 and BALB/3T3 - normal mice fibroblast cells. To predict a binding mode, a potential interaction of ruthenium complex with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been explored using UV absorption and circular dichroism (CD).

  10. Structure of ruthenium(II) complexes with coproporphyrin I tetraethyl ester

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zverev, S. A.; Andreev, S. V.; Zamilatskov, I. A.; Kurochkina, N. M.; Tyurin, V. S.; Senchikhin, I. N.; Ponomarev, G. V.; Erzina, D. R.; Chernyshev, V. V.

    2017-08-01

    The reaction between coproporphyrin I tetraethyl ester and ruthenium(II) dodecacarbonyl in toluene is investigated. The formation of two different products, complexes 2 and 3 of ruthenium(II) with coproporphyrin I tetraethyl ester, studied by means of mass spectrometry, electronic absorption spectroscopy, NMR, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis, is revealed. Structures are proposed for the products, of which ( 2) is a monocarbonyl complex of ruthenium(II) porphyrin that exists as a coordination polymer formed owing to intermolecular axial bonding between the oxygen atoms of carboethoxyl groups and ruthenium(II). The structure proposed for second product ( 3) is in the form of the corresponding monomer of a monocarbonyl complex of ruthenium(II) porphyrin. It is established that polymeric complex 2 transforms into monomeric complex 3 when it is heating in pyridine.

  11. Cationic mononuclear ruthenium carboxylates as catalyst prototypes for self-induced hydrogenation of carboxylic acids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naruto, Masayuki; Saito, Susumu

    2015-01-01

    Carboxylic acids are ubiquitous in bio-renewable and petrochemical sources of carbon. Hydrogenation of carboxylic acids to yield alcohols produces water as the only byproduct, and thus represents a possible next generation, sustainable method for the production of these alternative energy carriers/platform chemicals on a large scale. Reported herein are molecular insights into cationic mononuclear ruthenium carboxylates ([Ru(OCOR)]+) as prototypical catalysts for the hydrogenation of carboxylic acids. The substrate-derived coordinated carboxylate was found to function initially as a proton acceptor for the heterolytic cleavage of dihydrogen, and subsequently also as an acceptor for the hydride from [Ru–H]+, which was generated in the first step (self-induced catalysis). The hydrogenation proceeded selectively and at high levels of functional group tolerance, a feature that is challenging to achieve with existing heterogeneous/homogeneous catalyst systems. These fundamental insights are expected to significantly benefit the future development of metal carboxylate-catalysed hydrogenation processes of bio-renewable resources. PMID:26314266

  12. Efficient hydrogen peroxide decomposition to oxygen and water catalysed by a ruthenium pincer complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Martin

    2016-01-01

    version of a ruthenium complex coordinated by a phosphorous–nitrogen–phosphorus pincer ligand with isopropyl substituents on the phosphorus (PNPiPr) was superior to the hydride chloride congener. This is in line with previous activity studies with PNPiPr ruthenium catalysts. Moreover, no additives...

  13. New nitric oxide donors based on ruthenium complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.N. Lunardi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Nitric oxide (NO donors produce NO-related activity when applied to biological systems. Among its diverse functions, NO has been implicated in vascular smooth muscle relaxation. Despite the great importance of NO in biological systems, its pharmacological and physiological studies have been limited due to its high reactivity and short half-life. In this review we will focus on our recent investigations of nitrosyl ruthenium complexes as NO-delivery agents and their effects on vascular smooth muscle cell relaxation. The high affinity of ruthenium for NO is a marked feature of its chemistry. The main signaling pathway responsible for the vascular relaxation induced by NO involves the activation of soluble guanylyl-cyclase, with subsequent accumulation of cGMP and activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinase. This in turn can activate several proteins such as K+ channels as well as induce vasodilatation by a decrease in cytosolic Ca2+. Oxidative stress and associated oxidative damage are mediators of vascular damage in several cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension. The increased production of the superoxide anion (O2- by the vascular wall has been observed in different animal models of hypertension. Vascular relaxation to the endogenous NO-related response or to NO released from NO deliverers is impaired in vessels from renal hypertensive (2K-1C rats. A growing amount of evidence supports the possibility that increased NO inactivation by excess O2- may account for the decreased NO bioavailability and vascular dysfunction in hypertension.

  14. A Review of Ruthenium Complexes Activities on Breast Cancer Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popolin, Cecília P; Cominetti, Márcia R

    2017-01-01

    Cancer is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer deaths due to its high metastasis to the lymph nodes, lungs bones and brain. Interactions with the stromal microenvironment surrounding tumor cells facilitate tumor cell migration and invasion of tissues and dissemination to other organs, to form metastasis. The development of antitumor metal-based drugs was originated with the discovery of cisplatin, however, its severe side effects represent a limitation for its clinical use. Ruthenium (Ru) complexes with different ligands have been successfully studied as promising antitumor drugs. In this review, we focused on the effects of Ru complexes on breast cancer cells and their impact on different steps of the metastatic process. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  15. Inhibition of cancer cell growth by ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iida, Joji; Bell-Loncella, Elisabeth T; Purazo, Marc L; Lu, Yifeng; Dorchak, Jesse; Clancy, Rebecca; Slavik, Julianna; Cutler, Mary Lou; Shriver, Craig D

    2016-02-12

    Previous studies suggest that certain transition metal complexes, such as cisplatin, are efficacious for treating various cancer types, including ovarian, lung, and breast. In order to further evaluate ruthenium (Ru) complexes as potential anti-cancer agents, we synthesized and evaluated Ru-arene complexes. Two complexes with the general formula [Ru (η (6)-p-cym) (N-N) Cl](+) were tested for their abilities to inhibit cancer cells. The complex with o-phenylenediamine as the N-N ligand (o-PDA) significantly inhibited growth of breast (MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, SKBR-3, and SUM149), lymphoma (Raji), melanoma (Bowes), and osteosarcoma (HT1080); however, the complex with o-benzoquinonediimine (o-BQDI) was ineffective except for SUM149. In contrast, o-PDA failed to inhibit growth of human breast epithelial cells, MCF-10A. Treatment of MDA-MBA-231 cells with o-PDA resulted in a significant reduction of productions of PDGF-AA, GM-CSF, and VEGF-A proteins at the transcriptional levels. Finally, we demonstrated that o-PDA synergistically inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell growth with cyclophosphamide but not doxorubicin or paclitaxel. These results suggest that Ru-arene complexes are promising anti-cancer drugs that inhibit progression and metastasis by blocking multiple processes for breast and other types of cancer.

  16. Ruthenium Complexes: An Emerging Ground to the Development of Metallopharmaceuticals for Cancer Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abid, Mohammad; Shamsi, Farheen; Azam, Amir

    2016-01-01

    GLOBOCAN 2012 estimates 14.1 million new cancer cases and 8.2 million cancer-related deaths worldwide. Cancer is rapidly becoming a major public health concern in India as well, with the number of new cancer cases anticipated to double within the next 20 years. The percentage of currently approved metallodrugs is very low, in contrast to the majority of drugs available as organic compounds. The search for alternative drugs to cisplatin, carboplatin and other derivatives is highly needed due to their severe side effects including nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Ruthenium, among other transition metal complexes appears to be a possible candidate for cancer therapy in the near future. The most significant rationale is ruthenium's octahedral chemistry and greater propensity to undergo redox reactions. The hypoxic environment of tumors favors the reduction of inert ruthenium (III) to active ruthenium (II) which opens new prospects for the development of novel prodrugs. Although studies suggest that ruthenium complexes penetrate well within the tumor cells and bind effectively to DNA, its binding to proteins is not very well explained. Ruthenium complexes are presently receiving great attention in the fields of biological, pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry as anticancer agents. This review poses a comprehensive overview of the studies on competent anticancer ruthenium complexes and the role of these metal complexes in relation to their anticancer properties as well as those under clinical trials.

  17. Electron Transfer Studies of Ruthenium(II) Complexes with Biologically Important Phenolic Acids and Tyrosine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajeswari, Angusamy; Ramdass, Arumugam; Muthu Mareeswaran, Paulpandian; Rajagopal, Seenivasan

    2016-03-01

    The ruthenium(II) complexes having 2,2'-bipyridine and phenanthroline derivatives are synthesized and characterized. The photophysical properties of these complexes at pH 12.5 are studied. The electron transfer reaction of biologically important phenolic acids and tyrosine are studied using absorption, emission and transient absorption spectral techniques. Semiclassical theory is applied to calculate the rate of electron transfer between ruthenium(II) complexes and biologically important phenolic acids.

  18. Ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as catalysts for water oxidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbea, Javier Jesus Concepcion; Chen, Zuofeng; Jurss, Jonah Wesley; Templeton, Joseph L.; Hoertz, Paul; Meyer, Thomas J.

    2013-09-03

    The present invention provides ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as a catalyst for catalytic water oxidation. Another aspect of the invention provides an electrode and photo-electrochemical cells for electrolysis of water molecules.

  19. Ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as catalysts for water oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Concepcion Corbea, Javier Jesus; Chen, Zuofeng; Jurss, Jonah Wesley; Templeton, Joseph L; Hoertz, Paul; Meyer, Thomas J

    2014-10-28

    The present invention provides ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as a catalyst for catalytic water oxidation. Another aspect of the invention provides an electrode and photo-electrochemical cells for electrolysis of water molecules.

  20. Ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as catalysts for water oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corbea, Javier Jesus Concepcion; Chen, Zoufeng; Jurss, Jonah Wesley; Templeton, Joseph L.; Hoertz, Paul; Meyer, Thomas J.

    2016-06-07

    The present invention provides ruthenium or osmium complexes and their uses as a catalyst for catalytic water oxidation. Another aspect of the invention provides an electrode and photo-electrochemical cells for electrolysis of water molecules.

  1. Synthesis and catalytic activity of ruthenium complexes modified with chiral racemic per- and polyfluorooxaalkanoates

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lipovská, P.; Rathouská, L.; Šimůnek, O.; Hošek, J.; Kolaříková, V.; Rybáčková, M.; Cvačka, Josef; Svoboda, Martin; Kvíčala, J.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 191, Nov (2016), s. 14-22 ISSN 0022-1139 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : racemic * chiral * ruthenium complex * perfluorooxaalkanoate * polyfluorooxaalkanoate Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.101, year: 2016

  2. Quantum chemical studies on electronic structure and photodynamics of ruthenium complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freitag, L.

    2015-01-01

    Ruthenium complexes have found their way into many applications in the last decades. Among those, ruthenium polypyridyl compounds have been employed as light harvesting devices and photosensitisers in artificial photosynthesis and molecular photocatalysis. Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes are rapidly emerging as NO delivery agents to biological tissues with promising applications in anticancer photodynamic therapy, thanks to their ability to photorelease nitric oxide (NO). This thesis encompasses computational studies on reactivity, electronic structure, excited states and photodynamics of several ruthenium nitrosyl and polypyridyl complexes. The first part of the thesis deals with ruthenium nitrosyls. The cis-trans isomerisation mechanism of RuHIndNO, a ruthenium nitrosyl derivate of the prominent anti-cancer drug candidate KP1019, is investigated with density functional theory calculations. Next, the electronic structure of the ground and the first excited triplet state of RuHIndNO is studied with multiconfigurational methods including the density-matrix renormalisation group (DMRG). The obtained multiconfigurational wavefunctions and DMRG-based orbital entanglement analysis provides theoretical insight into the non-innocence of the NO ligand in nitrosyl complexes by describing the electron correlation in the Ru--NO bond and assigning oxidation states to the metal and the NO ligand. Another study is performed on excited states of ruthenium nitrosyl complexes with quantum chemical calculations and surface-hopping dynamics to obtain insights into the photodissociation mechanism of NO. The second part of this thesis is devoted to the excited states and photophysics of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes. Accurate excitation energies of tris(2,2-bipyridine)ruthenium (II), the prototype ruthenium polypyridyl are obtained with multiconfigurational calculations assisted by an orbital entanglement analysis. Subsequently, the effect of the ligand substitution on the photophysics

  3. Homobimetallic Ruthenium-N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complexes For Olefin Metathesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauvage, Xavier; Demonceau, Albert; Delaude, Lionel

    In this chapter, the synthesis and catalytic activity towards olefin metathesis of homobimetallic ruthenium (Ru)-alkylidene, -cyclodiene or -arene complexes bearing phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the last category of bimetallic compounds. Three representatives of this new type of molecular scaffold were investigated. Thus, [(p-cymene)Ru(m-Cl)3RuCl (h2-C2H4)(L)] complexes with L = PCy3 (15a), IMes (16a), or IMesCl2 (16b) were prepared. They served as catalyst precursors for cross-metathesis (CM) of various styrene derivatives. These experiments revealed the outstanding aptitude of complex 16a (and to a lesser extent of 16b) to catalyze olefin metathesis reactions. Contrary to monometallic Ru-arene complexes of the [RuCl2(p-cymene)(L)] type, the new homobimetallic species did not require the addition of a diazo compound nor visible light illumination to initiate the ring-opening metathesis of norbornene or cyclooctene. When diethyl 2,2-diallylmalonate and N,N-diallyltosylamide were exposed to 16a,b, a mixture of cycloisomerization and ring-closing metathesis (RCM) products was obtained in a nonselective way. Addition of phenylacetylene enhanced the metathetical activity while completely repressing the cycloisomerization process.

  4. The synthesis and the reactivity of arene ruthenium oxalato complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheikh Mbacké Ndiaye

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the reactions of the well known [RuCl(η6-p-cymene]2(μ-η4-C2O4 and [RuCl(η6-p-cymene(η2-dppm][PF6] ruthenium complexes with C2O4 (Me4N 2 in the mol ratios 1:1 and 2:1. While the 2:1 ratio reaction led to the sole and expected binuclear product {[Ru(η6-p-cymene(η2-dppm]2(μ-η2-C2O4}[PF6]2, the reaction also afforded the unexpected mononuclear complex [RuCl(η2-C2O4(η6-p-cymene][Me4N]. This can also be obtained in improved yield by reacting [RuCl2(p-cymene] 2 with C2O4[Me4N] 2 in a 1:1 mol ratio. Surprisingly, when [RuCl(η6-p-cymene]2(μ-η4-C2O4 was reacted with an equimolar amount of the ligand dppm, the expected complex {[Ru(η6-p-cymene]2(μ-η4-C2O4(μ-dppm}[PF6]2 was accompanied by [RuCl(η6-p-cymene(η2-dppm][PF6] in an inseparable solid mixture.

  5. Phosphorescent ruthenium complexes with a nitroimidazole unit that image oxygen fluctuation in tumor tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Aoi; Kawasaki, Atsushi; Hara, Daiki; Ito, Takeo; Tanabe, Kazuhito

    2015-02-02

    Understanding oxygen fluctuation in a cancerous tumor is important for effective treatment, especially during radiotherapy. In this paper, ruthenium complexes bearing a nitroimidazole group are shown to report the oxygen status in tumor tissue directly. The nitroimidazole group was known to be accumulated in hypoxic tumor tissues. On the other hand, the ruthenium complex showed strong phosphorescence around 600 nm. The emission of ruthenium is quenched instantaneously by molecular oxygen due to energy transfer between triplet states of oxygen and ruthenium complex, but the emission is then recovered by the removal of oxygen. Thus, we could observe oxygen fluctuation in tumor tissue in a real-time manner by monitoring the phosphorescence of the ruthenium complex. The versatility of the probe is demonstrated by monitoring oxygen fluctuation in living cells and tumor tissue planted in mice. The ruthenium complex promptly penetrated plasma membrane and accumulated in cells to emit its oxygen-dependent phosphorescence. In vivo experiments revealed that the oxygen level in tumor tissue seems to fluctuate at the sub-minute timescale. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Coordinatively unsaturated ruthenium complexes as efficient alkyneazide cycloaddition catalysts

    KAUST Repository

    Lamberti, Marina

    2012-01-23

    The performance of 16-electron ruthenium complexes with the general formula Cp*Ru(L)X (in which L = phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene ligand; X = Cl or OCH2CF3) was explored in azidealkyne cycloaddition reactions that afford the 1,2,3- triazole products. The scope of the Cp*Ru(PiPr 3)Cl precatalyst was investigated for terminal alkynes leading to new 1,5-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles in high yields. Mechanistic studies were conducted and revealed a number of proposed intermediates. Cp*Ru- (PiPr3)(2-HCCPh)Cl was observed and characterized by 1H, 13C, and 31P NMR at temperatures between 273 and 213 K. A rare example of N,N-κ2-phosphazide complex, Cp*Ru(κ2- iPr3PN3Bn)Cl, was fully characterized, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure was obtained. DFT calculations describe a complete map of the catalytic reactivity with phenylacetylene and/or benzylazide. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

  7. Ruthenium(II) Complex Based Photodiode for Organic Electronic Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tataroglu, A.; Ocaya, R.; Dere, A.; Dayan, O.; Serbetci, Z.; Al-Sehemi, Abdullah G.; Soylu, M.; Al-Ghamdi, Ahmed A.; Yakuphanoglu, F.

    2018-01-01

    In this study, the electrical and photoresponse properties of a photovoltaic device with Ruthenium(II) complex interfacial thin film were investigated. Heteroleptic Ru(II) complex including bidentate and tridentate ligands thin film was coated on n-Si substrate by the spin coating technique. From current-voltage ( I- V) measurements of an Au/Ru(II)/n-Si photodiode, it is observed that the reverse bias current under light is higher than that of the current in the dark. This indicates that the photodiode exhibits a photoconducting characteristic. The transient measurements such as photocurrent, photocapacitance and photoconductance were performed under various illumination conditions. These measurements indicate that the photodiode has a high photoresponsivity. The electrical parameters such as barrier height (Φb), ideality factor ( n) and series resistance ( R s) of the photodiode were determined from the analysis of I- V characteristics. Moreover, the capacitance/conductance-voltage characteristics of the photodiode highly depend on both voltage and frequency. Results show that the heterojunction can be used for various optoelectronic applications.

  8. DNA binding properties, histidine interaction and cytotoxicity studies of water soluble ruthenium(ii) terpyridine complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazić, Dejan; Arsenijević, Aleksandar; Puchta, Ralph; Bugarčić, Živadin D; Rilak, Ana

    2016-03-21

    In this study, two representatives of previously synthesized ruthenium(ii) terpyridine complexes, i.e., [Ru(Cl-tpy)(en)Cl][Cl] (1) and [Ru(Cl-tpy)(dach)Cl][Cl] (2), were chosen and a detailed study of the kinetic parameters of their reactivity toward l-histidine (l-His), using the UV-Vis and (1)H NMR techniques, was developed. The inner molecular rearrangement from N3-coordinated l-His to the N1 bound isomer, observable in the NMR data, was corroborated by DFT calculations favoring N1 coordination by nearly 4 kcal mol(-1). These two ruthenium(ii) terpyridine complexes were investigated for their interactions with DNA employing UV-Vis spectroscopy, DNA viscosity measurements and fluorescence quenching measurements. The high binding constants obtained in the DNA binding studies (Kb = 10(4)-10(5) M(-1)) suggest a strong binding of the complexes to calf thymus (CT) DNA. Competitive studies with ethidium bromide (EB) showed that the complexes can displace DNA-bound EB, suggesting strong competition with EB (Ksv = 1.5-2.5 × 10(4) M(-1)). In fact, the results indicate that these complexes can bind to DNA covalently and non-covalently. In order to gain insight of the behavior of a neutral compound, besides the four previously synthesized cationic complexes [Ru(Cl-tpy)(en)Cl][Cl] (1), [Ru(Cl-tpy)(dach)Cl][Cl] (2), [Ru(Cl-tpy)(bpy)Cl][Cl] (3) and [Ru(tpy)Cl3] (P2), a new complex, [Ru(Cl-tpy)(pic)Cl] (4), was used in the biological studies. Their cytotoxicity was investigated against three different tumor cell lines, i.e., A549 (human lung carcinoma cell line), HCT116 (human colon carcinoma cell line), and CT26 (mouse colon carcinoma cell line), by the MTT assay. Complexes 1 and 2 showed higher activity than complexes 3, 4 and P2 against all the selected cell lines. The results on in vitro anticancer activity confirmed that only compounds that hydrolyze the monodentate ligand at a reasonable rate show moderate activity, provided that the chelate ligand is a hydrogen bond

  9. Complexes of natural carbohydrates with metal cations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alekseev, Yurii E; Garnovskii, Alexander D; Zhdanov, Yu A

    1998-01-01

    Data on the interaction of natural carbohydrates (mono-, oligo-, and poly-saccharides, amino sugars, and natural organic acids of carbohydrate origin) with metal cations are surveyed and described systematically. The structural diversity of carbohydrate metal complexes, caused by some specific features of carbohydrates as ligands, is demonstrated. The influence of complex formation on the chemical properties of carbohydrates is discussed. It is shown that the formation of metal complexes plays an important role in the configurational and conformational analysis of carbohydrates. The practical significance of the coordination interaction in the series of carbohydrate ligands is demonstrated. The bibliography includes 571 references.

  10. Contribution to the study of ruthenium-106 migration in soils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amy, Jean-Paul

    1970-01-01

    Two solutions of nitrosyl-ruthenium complexes, the states in which ruthenium is released by Marcoule processing plant, and an uncomplex solution of ruthenium chloride were used to show out ruthenium-106 mobility during earth - column percolation. Ruthenium migration was mainly dependent on its ionic state. Anionic forms were mobile in the soil and a large fraction could be found in the percolate whereas cationic states were sorbed more quickly. The nature of the soil played too: ruthenium migrated deeply in sandy soils, whereas it was strongly sorbed by the muddy fractions of soils with a mud-sand texture. Ruthenium mobility in the soils studied was found to depend more on the solution percolation rates than on particle size distribution, both factors being however closely connected. (author) [fr

  11. Analysis of the cytotoxic effects of ruthenium-ketoconazole and ruthenium-clotrimazole complexes on cancer cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles-Escajeda, Elisa; Martínez, Alberto; Varela-Ramirez, Armando; Sánchez-Delgado, Roberto A.; Aguilera, Renato J.

    2014-01-01

    Ruthenium-based compounds have intriguing anti-cancer properties and some of these novel compounds are currently in clinical trials. To continue the development of new metal-based drug combinations, we coupled ruthenium (Ru) with the azole compounds ketoconazole (KTZ) and clotrimazole (CTZ), which are well-known antifungal agents that also display anticancer properties. We report the activity of a series of twelve Ru-KTZ and Ru-CTZ compounds against three prostate tumor cell lines with different androgen sensitivity, as well as cervical cancer and lymphoblastic lymphoma cell lines. In addition, human cell lines were used to evaluate the toxicity against non-transformed cells and to establish selectivity indexes. Our results indicate that the combination of ruthenium and KTZ/CTZ in a single molecule results in complexes that are more cytotoxic than the individual components alone, displaying in some cases low micromolar CC50 values and high selectivity indexes. Additionally, all compounds are more cytotoxic against prostate cell lines with lower cytotoxicity against non-transformed epidermal cell lines. Some of the compounds were found to primarily induce cell death via apoptosis yet weakly interact with DNA. Our studies also demonstrate that the cytotoxicity induced by our Ru-based compounds is not directly related to their ability to interact with DNA. PMID:24272524

  12. Tuning oxygen sensitivity of ruthenium complex exploiting silver nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozturk, Osman [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dicle, Diyarbakır (Turkey); Oter, Ozlem [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Center for Fabrication and Application of Electronic Materials (EMUM), University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Yildirim, Serdar [Center for Fabrication and Application of Electronic Materials (EMUM), University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Subasi, Elif [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Ertekin, Kadriye, E-mail: kadriye.ertekin@deu.edu.tr [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Center for Fabrication and Application of Electronic Materials (EMUM), University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Celik, Erdal [Center for Fabrication and Application of Electronic Materials (EMUM), University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Dokuz Eylul, 35397 Buca, Tinaztepe, Izmir (Turkey); Temel, Hamdi [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dicle, Diyarbakır (Turkey)

    2014-11-15

    In this study, we utilized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) along with ionic liquids as additives for fabrication of polymeric oxygen sensitive fibers. Plasticized polymethyl methacrylate and ethyl cellulose (EC) were used as matrix materials. Fibers and porous films were produced by electrospinning technique. Oxygen induced spectral response of the fluorescent tris(2,2′-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) chloride (Ru(bipy){sub 3}{sup 2+}) was followed as the analytical signal. Utilization of silver nanoparticles in electrospun polymeric fibers for oxygen sensing purposes resulted with many advantages such as tuned sensitivity, linear calibration plot for larger concentration ranges, increased surface area and enhancement in all sensor dynamics. Linearity of the calibration plot for the offered composition was superior with respect to the previously reported ones. When stored at the ambient air of the laboratory there was no significant drift in intensity after 12 months. Our sensitivity and stability tests are still in progress. - Highlights: • Ag nanoparticles and Ru(II) complex doped together into polymers for the first time for O{sub 2} sensing. • The ionic liquid EMIMBF{sub 4} was used for matrix modification. • Fabricated electrospun nanofibers offered enhanced linearity for a large concentration range. • Exploited polymeric matrix materials and additives provided long-term stability. • Silver nanoparticles tuned oxygen sensitivity and facilitated fabrication process.

  13. In vitro evaluation of ruthenium complexes for photodynamic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenna; Xie, Qiang; Lai, Linglin; Mo, Zhentao; Peng, Xiaofang; Leng, Ennian; Zhang, Dandan; Sun, Hongxia; Li, Yiqi; Mei, Wenjie; Gao, Shuying

    2017-06-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising anti-tumor treatment strategy. Photosensitizer is one of the most important components of PDT. In this work, the anticancer activities of PDT mediated by six new ruthenium porphyrin complexes were screened. The mechanisms of the most efficacious candidate were investigated. Photocytotoxicity of the six porphyrins was tested. The most promising complex, Rup-03, was further investigated using Geimsa staining, which indirectly detects reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subcellular localization. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cell apoptosis, DNA fragmentation, c-Myc gene expression, and telomerase activities were also assayed. Rup-03 and Rup-04 had the lowest IC 50 values. Rup-03 had an IC 50 value of 29.5±2.3μM in HepG2 cells and 59.0±6.1μM in RAW264.7 cells, while Rup-04 had an IC 50 value of 40.0±3.8μM in SGC-7901 cells. The complexes also induced cellular morphological changes and impaired cellular ability to scavenge ROS, and accumulated preferentially in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Rup-03 reduced MMP levels, induced apoptosis, and repressed both c-Myc mRNA expression and telomerase activity in HepG2 cells. Among six candidates, Rup-03-mediated PDT is most effective against HepG2 and RAW264.7, with a similar efficacy as that of Rup-04-mediated PDT against SGC-7901 cells. Repression of ROS scavenging activities and c-Myc expression, which mediated DNA damage-induced cell apoptosis and repression of telomerase activity, respectively, were found to be involved in the anticancer mechanisms of Rup-03. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Regression of Lung Cancer by Hypoxia Sensitizing Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Abhishek; Janaratne, Thamara; Krishnan, Arthi; Singhal, Sharad S.; Yadav, Sushma; Dayoub, Adam S.; Hawkins, Doyle L.; Awasthi, Sanjay; MacDonnell, Frederick M.

    2013-01-01

    The ruthenium (II) polypyridyl complexes (RPCs) Δ-[(phen)2Ru(tatpp)]Cl2 (Δ-[3]Cl2) and ΔΔ-[(phen)2Ru(tatpp)Ru(phen)2]Cl4 (ΔΔ-[4]Cl4) are a new generation of metal-based anti-tumor agents. These RPCs bind DNA via intercalation of the tatpp ligand which itself is redox-active and easily reduced at biologically relevant potentials. We have previously shown that RPC 44+ cleaves DNA when reduced by glutathione to a radical species, and that this DNA cleavage is potentiated under hypoxic conditions in vitro. Here we show that 32+ also exhibits free-radical mediated DNA cleavage in vitro, and that 32+ and 44+ both exhibit selective cytotoxicity towards cultured malignant cell lines, and marked inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. The murine acute toxicity of RPCs 32+ and 44+ (maximum tolerable doses (MTD’s) ~ 65 µmol/kg) is comparable with that for cisplatin (LD50 ~57 µmol/kg) but unlike cisplatin, RPC’s are generally cleared from the body unchanged via renal excretion without appreciable metabolism or nephrotoxic side effects. RPCs 32+ and 44+ are demonstrated to suppress growth of human non-small cell lung carcinoma (~83%), show potentiated cytotoxicity in vitro under hypoxic conditions, and induce apoptosis through both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. The novel hypoxia-enhanced DNA cleavage activity and biological activity suggest a promising new anti-cancer pharmacophore based on metal complexes with aromatic ligands that are easily reduced at biologically accessible potentials. PMID:23443803

  15. Anticancer Activity and Modes of Action of (arene) ruthenium(II) Complexes Coordinated to C-, N-, and O-ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biersack, Bernhard

    2016-01-01

    An overview of anticancer active (arene)ruthenium(II) complexes coordinated to period 2 element-based ligand systems, i.e., carbon-, nitrogen-, and oxygen-coordinated ligands, is provided in this mini-review. A bridge is forged from the large group of anticancer active ruthenium compounds with monodentate and chelating nitrogen ligands via complexes of O,O-chelating ligands to organometallic ruthenium derivatives coordinated to carbon. (Arene)ruthenium(II) complexes with reduced side-effects and enhanced efficacy against cancer are highlighted. Pertinent literature is covered up to 2014.

  16. Excited state dynamics and isomerization in ruthenium sulfoxide complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Albert W; Wang, Lei; Rack, Jeffrey J

    2015-04-21

    Molecular photochromic compounds are those that interconvert between two isomeric forms with light. The two isomeric forms display distinct electronic and molecular structures and must not be in equilibrium with one another. These light-activated molecular switch compounds have found wide application in areas of study ranging from chemical biology to materials science, where conversion from one isomeric form to another by light prompts a response in the environment (e.g., protein or polymeric material). Certain ruthenium and osmium polypyridine sulfoxide complexes are photochromic. The mode of action is a phototriggered isomerization of the sulfoxide from S- to O-bonded. The change in ligation drastically alters both the spectroscopic and electrochemical properties of the metal complex. Our laboratory has pioneered the preparation and study of these complexes. In particular, we have applied femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy to reveal excited state details of the isomerization mechanism. The data from numerous complexes allowed us to predict that the isomerization was nonadiabatic in nature, defined as occurring from a S-bonded triplet excited state (primarily metal-to-ligand charge transfer in character) to an O-bonded singlet ground state potential energy surface. This prediction was corroborated by high-level density functional theory calculations. An intriguing aspect of this reactivity is the coupling of nuclear motion to the electronic wave function and how this coupling affects motions productive for isomerization. In an effort to learn more about this coupling, we designed a project to examine phototriggered isomerization in bis-sulfoxide complexes. The goal of these studies was to determine whether certain complexes could be designed in which a single photon excitation event would prompt two sulfoxide isomerizations. We employed chelating sulfoxides in this study and found that both the nature of the chelate ring and the R group on the sulfoxide affect

  17. Dual-targeting organometallic ruthenium(II) anticancer complexes bearing EGFR-inhibiting 4-anilinoquinazoline ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yang; Zheng, Wei; Luo, Qun; Zhao, Yao; Zhang, Erlong; Liu, Suyan; Wang, Fuyi

    2015-08-07

    We have recently demonstrated that complexation with (η(6)-arene)Ru(II) fragments confers 4-anilinoquinazoline pharmacophores a higher potential for inducing cellular apoptosis while preserving the highly inhibitory activity of 4-anilinoquinazolines against EGFR and the reactivity of the ruthenium centre to 9-ethylguanine (Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 10224-10226). Reported herein are the synthesis, characterisation and evaluation of the biological activity of a new series of ruthenium(ii) complexes of the type [(η(6)-arene)Ru(N,N-L)Cl]PF6 (arene = p-cymene, benzene, 2-phenylethanol or indane, L = 4-anilinoquinazolines). These organometallic ruthenium complexes undergo fast hydrolysis in aqueous solution. Intriguingly, the ligation of (arene)Ru(II) fragments with 4-anilinoquinazolines not only makes the target complexes excellent EGFR inhibitors, but also confers the complexes high affinity to bind to DNA minor grooves while maintaining their reactivity towards DNA bases, characterising them with dual-targeting properties. Molecular modelling studies reveal that the hydrolysis of these complexes is a favourable process which increases the affinity of the target complexes to bind to EGFR and DNA. In vitro biological activity assays show that most of this group of ruthenium complexes are selectively active inhibiting the EGF-stimulated growth of the HeLa cervical cancer cell line, and the most active complex [(η(6)-arene)Ru(N,N-L13)Cl]PF6 (, IC50 = 1.36 μM, = 4-(3'-chloro-4'-fluoroanilino)-6-(2-(2-aminoethyl)aminoethoxy)-7-methoxyquinazoline) is 29-fold more active than its analogue, [(η(6)-arene)Ru(N,N-ethylenediamine)Cl]PF6, and 21-fold more active than gefitinib, a well-known EGFR inhibitor in use clinically. These results highlight the strong promise to develop highly active ruthenium anticancer complexes by ligation of cytotoxic ruthenium pharmacophores with bioactive organic molecules.

  18. Disaggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide fibril formation by ruthenium polypyridyl complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Dengsen; Gong, Gehui; Wang, Wenji; Du, Weihong

    2017-05-01

    The toxicity of amyloid proteins is associated with many degenerative and systematic diseases. The aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide may induce pancreatic β-cell death, which is linked to type II diabetes. Ruthenium complexes are inhibitors of various proteins and potential anticancer metallodrugs, which can also be used to disaggregate amyloid proteins. This work reported that several ruthenium polypyridyl complexes remarkably affected the peptide aggregation by predominant hydrophobic interaction and metal coordination, as reflected by thermodynamic parameters and mass spectrometry analysis. Morphology and particle size analysis showed that the amyloid fibrils were disaggregated from long fibrils into small nano particles. Addition of these complexes also decreased the cytotoxicity induced by the peptide. The results indicated that ruthenium polypyridyl complexes may be potential metallodrugs to treat amyloidosis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. The ruthenium complex cis-(dichloro)tetrammineruthenium(III ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakash

    the ability of ruthenium to mimic iron in binding to certain biological molecules make these compounds well suited for medicinal applications as an alternative to platinum antitumour drugs for the treatment of cancer cells that are resistant to cisplatin and its analogues, thus justifying the further development of this novel and ...

  20. Structure-reactivity relationships in the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide with ruthenium complexes bearing pyridinylazolato ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Keven; Sun, Yu; Heimermann, Andreas; Menges, Fabian; Niedner-Schatteburg, Gereon; van Wüllen, Christoph; Thiel, Werner R

    2013-06-10

    Pyridinylazolato (N-N') ruthenium(II) complexes of the type [(N-N')RuCl(PMe3)3] have been obtained in high yields by treating the corresponding functionalised azolylpyridines with [RuCl2 (PMe3)4] in the presence of a base. (15)N NMR spectroscopy was used to elucidate the electronic influence of the substituents attached to the azolyl ring. The findings are in agreement with slight differences in the bond lengths of the ruthenium complexes. Furthermore, the electronic nature of the azolate moiety modulates the catalytic activity of the ruthenium complexes in the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide under supercritical conditions and in the transfer hydrogenation of acetophenone. DFT calculations were performed to shed light on the mechanism of the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide and to clarify the impact of the electronic nature of the pyridinylazolate ligands. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Syntheses and Characterization of Ruthenium(II) Tetrakis(pyridine)complexes: An Advanced Coordination Chemistry Experiment or Mini-Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coe, Benjamin J.

    2004-01-01

    An experiment for third-year undergraduate a student is designed which provides synthetic experience and qualitative interpretation of the spectroscopic properties of the ruthenium complexes. It involves the syntheses and characterization of several coordination complexes of ruthenium, the element found directly beneath iron in the middle of the…

  2. Functionalisation of bolaamphiphiles with mononuclear bis(2,2 '-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) complexes for application in self assembled monolayers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Killeen, JS; Browne, WR; Skupin, M; Fuhrhop, JH; Vos, JG

    2003-01-01

    A novel ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complex connected covalently to a bolaamphiphile, containing amide linkages to provide rigidity via hydrogen bonding in the monolayer, has been prepared. The ruthenium( II) complexes of this ligand and of the intermediates in the synthesis were prepared by modi.

  3. Inhibitory effects of NAMI-A-like ruthenium complexes on prion neuropeptide fibril formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuesong; Zhu, Dengsen; Zhao, Cong; He, Lei; Du, Weihong

    2015-05-01

    Prion diseases are a group of infectious and fatal neurodegenerative disorders caused by the conformational conversion of a cellular prion protein (PrP) into its abnormal isoform PrP(Sc). PrP106-126 resembles PrP(Sc) in terms of physicochemical and biological characteristics and is used as a common model for the treatment of prion diseases. Inhibitory effects on fibril formation and neurotoxicity of the prion neuropeptide PrP106-126 have been investigated using metal complexes as potential inhibitors. Nevertheless, the binding mechanism between metal complexes and the peptide remains unclear. The present study is focused on the interaction of PrP106-126 with NAMI-A and NAMI-A-like ruthenium complexes, including KP418, KP1019, and KP1019-2. Results demonstrated that these ruthenium complexes could bind to PrP106-126 in a distinctive binding mode through electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. NAMI-A-like ruthenium complexes can also effectively inhibit the aggregation and fibril formation of PrP106-126. The complex KP1019 demonstrated the optimal inhibitory ability upon peptide aggregation, and cytotoxicity because of its large aromatic ligand contribution. The studied complexes could also regulate the copper redox chemistry of PrP106-126 and effectually inhibit the formation of reactive oxygen species. Given these findings, ruthenium complexes with relatively low cellular toxicity may be used to develop potential pharmaceutical products against prion diseases.

  4. Complex Macromolecular Architectures by Living Cationic Polymerization

    KAUST Repository

    Alghamdi, Reem D.

    2015-05-01

    Poly (vinyl ether)-based graft polymers have been synthesized by the combination of living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers with other living or controlled/ living polymerization techniques (anionic and ATRP). The process involves the synthesis of well-defined homopolymers (PnBVE) and co/terpolymers [PnBVE-b-PCEVE-b-PSiDEGVE (ABC type) and PSiDEGVE-b-PnBVE-b-PSiDEGVE (CAC type)] by sequential living cationic polymerization of n-butyl vinyl ether (nBVE), 2-chloroethyl vinyl ether (CEVE) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethylene glycol vinyl ether (SiDEGVE), using mono-functional {[n-butoxyethyl acetate (nBEA)], [1-(2-chloroethoxy) ethyl acetate (CEEA)], [1-(2-(2-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethoxy) ethoxy) ethyl acetate (SiDEGEA)]} or di-functional [1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol di(1-ethyl acetate) (cHMDEA), (VEMOA)] initiators. The living cationic polymerizations of those monomers were conducted in hexane at -20 0C using Et3Al2Cl3 (catalyst) in the presence of 1 M AcOEt base.[1] The PCEVE segments of the synthesized block terpolymers were then used to react with living macroanions (PS-DPE-Li; poly styrene diphenyl ethylene lithium) to afford graft polymers. The quantitative desilylation of PSiDEGVE segments by n-Bu4N+F- in THF at 0 °C led to graft co- and terpolymers in which the polyalcohol is the outer block. These co-/terpolymers were subsequently subjected to “grafting-from” reactions by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene to afford more complex macromolecular architectures. The base assisted living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers were also used to synthesize well-defined α-hydroxyl polyvinylether (PnBVE-OH). The resulting polymers were then modified into an ATRP macro-initiator for the synthesis of well-defined block copolymers (PnBVE-b-PS). Bifunctional PnBVE with terminal malonate groups was also synthesized and used as a precursor for more complex architectures such as H-shaped block copolymer by “grafting-from” or

  5. Controlling with light the interaction between trans-tetrapyridyl ruthenium complexes and an oligonucleotide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rixel, Vincent H S; Moolenaar, Geri F; Siegler, Maxime A; Messori, Luigi; Bonnet, Sylvestre

    2018-01-02

    Three new trans-ruthenium(ii) complexes coordinated to tetrapyridyl ligands, namely [Ru(bapbpy)(dmso)Cl]Cl ([2]Cl), [Ru(bapbpy)(Hmte) 2 ](PF 6 ) 2 ([3](PF 6 ) 2 ), and [Ru(biqbpy)(Hmte) 2 ](PF 6 ) 2 ([4](PF 6 ) 2 ), were prepared as analogues of [Ru(biqbpy)(dmso)Cl]Cl ([1]Cl), a recently described photoactivated chemotherapy agent. The new complexes were characterized, and their crystal structures showed the distorted coordination octahedron typical of this family of complexes. Their photoreactivity in solution was analyzed by spectrophotometry and mass spectrometry, which showed that the sulfur ligand was substituted upon blue light irradiation. The binding of the ruthenium complexes to a reference single-stranded oligonucleotide (s( 5' CTACGGTTTCAC 3' )) was explored both in the dark and under light irradiation by gel electrophoresis and high-resolution mass spectrometry. While adduct formation in the dark was negligible for the four complexes, light irradiation led to the formation of adducts with one or two ruthenium centers per oligonucleotide. The absence of interactions in the dark and the presence of complex-oligonucleotide adducts demonstrate that visible light controls the interaction of these ruthenium complexes with nucleic acids.

  6. Cytoxicity and Apoptotic Mechanism of Ruthenium(II) Amino Acid Complexes in Sarcoma-180 Tumor Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Aliny Pereira; Pereira, Flávia Castro; Almeida, Marcio Aurelio Pinheiro; Mello, Francyelli Mariana Santos; Pires, Wanessa Carvalho; Pinto, Thallita Monteiro; Delella, Flávia Karina; Felisbino, Sérgio Luis; Moreno, Virtudes; Batista, Alzir Azevedo; de Paula Silveira-Lacerda, Elisângela

    2014-01-01

    Over the past several decades, much attention has been focused on ruthenium complexes in antitumor therapy. Ruthenium is a transition metal that possesses several advantages for rational antitumor drug design and biological applications. In the present study, five ruthenium complexes containing amino acids were studied in vitro to determine their biological activity against sarcoma-180 tumor cells. The cytotoxicity of the complexes was evaluated by an MTT assay, and their mechanism of action was investigated. The results demonstrated that the five complexes inhibited the growth of the S180 tumor cell line, with IC50 values ranging from 22.53 µM to 50.18 µM, and showed low cytotoxicity against normal L929 fibroblast cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that the [Ru(gly)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 complex (2) inhibited the growth of the tumor cells by inducing apoptosis, as evidenced by an increased number of Annexin V-positive cells and G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest. Further investigation showed that complex 2 caused a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential; activated caspases 3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 and caused a change in the mRNA expression levels of caspase 3, caspase-9 as well as the bax genes. The levels of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein Bak were increased. Thus, we demonstrated that ruthenium amino acid complexes are promising drugs against S180 tumor cells, and we recommend further investigations of their role as chemotherapeutic agents for sarcomas. PMID:25329644

  7. Cytoxicity and apoptotic mechanism of ruthenium(II amino acid complexes in sarcoma-180 tumor cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliny Pereira Lima

    Full Text Available Over the past several decades, much attention has been focused on ruthenium complexes in antitumor therapy. Ruthenium is a transition metal that possesses several advantages for rational antitumor drug design and biological applications. In the present study, five ruthenium complexes containing amino acids were studied in vitro to determine their biological activity against sarcoma-180 tumor cells. The cytotoxicity of the complexes was evaluated by an MTT assay, and their mechanism of action was investigated. The results demonstrated that the five complexes inhibited the growth of the S180 tumor cell line, with IC50 values ranging from 22.53 µM to 50.18 µM, and showed low cytotoxicity against normal L929 fibroblast cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that the [Ru(gly(bipy(dppb]PF6 complex (2 inhibited the growth of the tumor cells by inducing apoptosis, as evidenced by an increased number of Annexin V-positive cells and G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest. Further investigation showed that complex 2 caused a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential; activated caspases 3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 and caused a change in the mRNA expression levels of caspase 3, caspase-9 as well as the bax genes. The levels of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein Bak were increased. Thus, we demonstrated that ruthenium amino acid complexes are promising drugs against S180 tumor cells, and we recommend further investigations of their role as chemotherapeutic agents for sarcomas.

  8. Estimation of very low concentrations of Ruthenium by spectrophotometric method using barbituric acid as complexing agent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramakrishna Reddy, S.; Srinivasan, R.; Mallika, C.; Kamachi Mudali, U.; Natarajan, R.

    2012-01-01

    Spectrophotometric method employing numerous chromogenic reagents like thiourea, 1,10-phenanthroline, thiocyanate and tropolone is reported in the literature for the estimation of very low concentrations of Ru. A sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of ruthenium in the concentration range 1.5 to 6.5 ppm in the present work. This method is based on the reaction of ruthenium with barbituric acid to produce ruthenium(ll)tris-violurate, (Ru(H 2 Va) 3 ) -1 complex which gives a stable deep-red coloured solution. The maximum absorption of the complex is at 491 nm due to the inverted t 2g → Π(L-L ligand) electron - transfer transition. The molar absorptivity of the coloured species is 9,851 dm 3 mol -1 cm -1

  9. Quantification of bindings of organometallic ruthenium complexes to GSTπ by mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu; Huang, Yongdong; Zheng, Wei; Wu, Kui; Luo, Qun; Zhao, Yao; Xiong, Shaoxiang; Wang, Fuyi

    2015-05-01

    Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) has been widely used to identify binding sites of metal complexes to proteins. However, the MS quantification of the metal-protein coordination remains a challenge. We have recently demonstrated by ESI-MS analysis that organometallic ruthenium complexes [(η(6)-arene)Ru(en)Cl](+) (arene=p-cymene (1), biphenyl (2) or 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene (3); en=ethylenediamine) bound to human glutathione-S-transferase π (GSTπ) at Cys15 and Cys48 within the G-site, and Cys102 and Met92 on the interface of the GSTπ dimer, showing inhibitory potency against the enzyme (J. Inorg. Biochem., 128 (2013) 77-84). Herein, we developed a mass spectrometric method to quantify the binding stoichiometry of the three complexes to GSTπ. The differences in signal intensities of the heavy-labelled peptides produced by tryptic digestion of the ruthenated GSTπ complexes and the respective light-labelled peptides in the tryptic digest of equimolar GSTπ were used to calculate the binding stoichiometry at specific residues. The results indicated that the pre-complexation of GSTπ with its substrate GSH significantly reduced the bindings of the ruthenium complexes at Met92 and Cys102, but had little impact on the bindings at Cys15 and Cys48. As the inhibitory activities of the ruthenium complexes against GSTπ are similar to those against GSTπ in complexation with GSH, these results suggest that the inhibition of the ruthenium complexes on GSTπ is attributed to the ruthenation at Cys15 and Cys48. The present work provides not only insights into the understanding on the inhibitory mechanism of ruthenium complexes GSTπ, but also a general method for quantitative characterization of metal-protein interactions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Novel ruthenium azo-quinoline complexes with enhanced photonuclease activity in human cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaulage, Mangesh H; Maji, Basudeb; Pasadi, Sanjeev; Bhattacharya, Santanu; Muniyappa, K

    2017-10-20

    Coordinatively saturated ruthenium complexes with a variable net charge are currently under intense investigation for their anticancer potential. These complexes, possessing long wavelength metal-to-ligand charge transfer with DNA photonuclease activity, have shown promising cytotoxic profiles. Although most of the ruthenium complexes exhibit significant photochemotherapeutic activity, their poor entry into cells hinder their development as potential drug molecules. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of four new ruthenium (II) azo-8-hydroxyquinoline complexes, their mode of in vitro DNA binding and antiproliferative properties against cultured human cancer cell lines. The activity of these compounds prior to photoirradiation is minimal. However, they could induce DNA photonuclease activity through the generation of reactive oxygen species upon exposure to light. The activities exhibited by these complexes were found to be more efficient (>5-fold) than cisplatin, emphasizing their therapeutic potential. Collectively, these results support the idea that ruthenium (II) azo-8-hydroxyquinoline complexes can serve as potential agents in photodynamic anticancer therapy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Complexation of DNA with ruthenium organometallic compounds: the high complexation ratio limit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despax, Stéphane; Jia, Fuchao; Pfeffer, Michel; Hébraud, Pascal

    2014-06-14

    Interactions between DNA and ruthenium organometallic compounds are studied by using visible light absorption and circular dichroism measurements. A titration technique allowing for the absolute determination of the advancement degree of the complexation, without any assumption about the number of complexation modes is developed. When DNA is in excess, complexation involves intercalation of one of the organometallic compound ligands between DNA base pairs. But, in the high complexation ratio limit, where organometallic compounds are in excess relative to the DNA base pairs, a new mode of interaction is observed, in which the organometallic compound interacts weakly with DNA. The weak interaction mode, moreover, develops when all the DNA intercalation sites are occupied. A regime is reached in which one DNA base pair is linked to more than one organometallic compound.

  12. Structural, spectral, DFT and biological studies on macrocyclic mononuclear ruthenium (II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukkumar, M.; Kamal, C.; Venkatesh, G.; Kaya, C.; Kaya, S.; Enoch, Israel V. M. V.; Vennila, P.; Rajavel, R.

    2017-11-01

    Macrocyclic mononuclear ruthenium (II) complexes have been synthesized by condensation method [Ru (L1, L2, L3) Cl2] L1 = (C36 H31 N9), L2= (C42H36N8), L3= (C32H32 N8)]. These ruthenium complexes have been established by elemental analyses and spectroscopic techniques (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H- nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 13C- NMR and Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)). The coordination mode of the ligand has been confirmed and the octahedral geometry around the ruthenium ion has been revealed. Binding affinity and binding mode of ruthenium (II) complexes with Bovine serum Albumin (BSA) have been characterized by Emission spectra analysis. UV-Visible and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques have also been utilized to examine the interaction between ligand and its complexes L1, L2, & L3 with BSA. Chemical parameters and molecular structure of Ru (II) complexes L1H, L2H, & L3H have been determined by DFT coupled with B3LYP/6-311G** functional in both the gaseous and aqueous phases.

  13. Dehydrogenative Coupling of Primary Alcohols To Form Esters Catalyzed by a Ruthenium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sølvhøj, Amanda Birgitte; Madsen, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The ruthenium complex [RuCl2(IiPr)(p-cymene)] catalyzes the direct condensation of primary alcohols into esters and lactones with the release of hydrogen gas. The reaction is most effective with linear aliphatic alcohols and 1,4-diols and is believed to proceed with a ruthenium dihydride...

  14. Bis(Cyclic Alkyl Amino Carbene) Ruthenium Complexes: A Versatile, Highly Efficient Tool for Olefin Metathesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gawin, Rafał; Kozakiewicz, Anna; Guńka, Piotr A; Dąbrowski, Paweł; Skowerski, Krzysztof

    2017-01-19

    The state-of-the-art in olefin metathesis is application of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-containing ruthenium alkylidenes for the formation of internal C=C bonds and of cyclic alkyl amino carbene (CAAC)-containing ruthenium benzylidenes in the production of terminal olefins. A straightforward synthesis of bis(CAAC)Ru indenylidene complexes, which are highly effective in the formation of both terminal and internal C=C bonds at loadings as low as 1 ppm, is now reported. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Mixed-ligand complexes of ruthenium(II) incorporating a diazo ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Dedicated to the memory of the late Professor Bhaskar G Maiya. *For correspondence. Mixed-ligand complexes of ruthenium(II) incorporating a diazo ligand: Synthesis .... water (1 : 1) for 5 h to give a dark red solution. The solution was cooled to room temperature. After eva- poration of the solvent, the solid was collected,.

  16. A study of ruthenium complexes of some biologically relevant a-N ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 112; Issue 3. A study of ruthenium complexes of some biologically relevant ∙ -N-heterocyclic carboxylic acids. P Sengupta S Ghosh. Volume 112 Issue 3 June 2000 pp 355-355. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  17. Biological properties of novel ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with azole heterocycles

    KAUST Repository

    Novak, Maria S.

    2016-03-09

    Since the discovery that nitric oxide (NO) is a physiologically relevant molecule, there has been great interest in the use of metal nitrosyl compounds as antitumor pharmaceuticals. Particularly interesting are those complexes which can deliver NO to biological targets. Ruthenium- and osmium-based compounds offer lower toxicity compared to other metals and show different mechanisms of action as well as different spectra of activity compared to platinum-based drugs. Novel ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with azole heterocycles were studied to elucidate their cytotoxicity and possible interactions with DNA. Apoptosis induction, changes of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and possible formation of reactive oxygen species were investigated as indicators of NO-mediated damage by flow cytometry. Results suggest that ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with the general formula (indazolium)[cis/trans-MCl4(NO)(1H-indazole)] have pronounced cytotoxic potency in cancer cell lines. Especially the more potent ruthenium complexes strongly induce apoptosis associated with depolarization of mitochondrial membranes, and elevated reactive oxygen species levels. Furthermore, a slight yet not unequivocal trend to accumulation of intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate attributable to NO-mediated effects was observed.

  18. Reactivity of a Ruthenium-Carbonyl Complex in the Methanol Dehydrogenation Reaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van De Watering, Fenna F.; Lutz, Martin; Dzik, Wojciech I.; De Bruin, Bas; Reek, Joost N. H.

    2016-01-01

    Finding new catalysts for the release of molecular hydrogen from methanol is of high relevance in the context of the devel- opment of sustainable energy carriers. Herein, we report that the ruthenium complex Ru(salbinapht)(CO)(P i-Pr 3 ) {salbinapht = 2-[({2’-[(2-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-[1,1 ’

  19. Hydrogenation of esters catalyzed by ruthenium PN3-Pincer complexes containing an aminophosphine arm

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Tao

    2014-08-11

    Hydrogenation of esters under mild conditions was achieved using air-stable ruthenium PN3-pincer complexes containing an aminophosphine arm. High efficiency was achieved even in the presence of water. DFT studies suggest a bimolecular proton shuttle mechanism which allows H2 to be activated by the relatively stable catalyst with a reasonably low transition state barrier. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

  20. Recent Advances on Dark and Light-Activated Cytotoxity of Imidazole-Containing Ruthenium Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ping; Jia, Jia; Zhao, Yue; Wang, Ke-Zhi

    2016-01-01

    Imidazole derivatives have known to possess a diverse range of pharmacological activity. In particular, one of ruthenium-based derivatives, imidazolium [trans-RuCl4(1H-imidazole)(DMSOS)] (NAMI-A) which is now in clinical trials, opens a new avenue for developing promising ruthenium-based anticancer drugs alternative to Cisplatin. This mini-review overviews some representative examples of imidazole-containing ruthenium complexes (ICRCs) with in vitro anticancer activities. Special attention is paid on ICRCs with the activities more potent than Cisplatin, and their correlation with their DNA binding properties in the context of possible cancer chemotherapeutic applications. The ICRCs are divided into two main categories according to their dark and light activated cytotoxicity; the former case is further clarified into mononuclear complexes including tris(bidentate polypyridyl) ruthenium complexes and those containing monodentatively coordinative imidazole ligands as well as polynuclear complexes. The perspective, challenges and future efforts for investigations into ICRCs are pointed out or suggested.

  1. Biological properties of novel ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with azole heterocycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Maria S; Büchel, Gabriel E; Keppler, Bernhard K; Jakupec, Michael A

    2016-06-01

    Since the discovery that nitric oxide (NO) is a physiologically relevant molecule, there has been great interest in the use of metal nitrosyl compounds as antitumor pharmaceuticals. Particularly interesting are those complexes which can deliver NO to biological targets. Ruthenium- and osmium-based compounds offer lower toxicity compared to other metals and show different mechanisms of action as well as different spectra of activity compared to platinum-based drugs. Novel ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with azole heterocycles were studied to elucidate their cytotoxicity and possible interactions with DNA. Apoptosis induction, changes of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and possible formation of reactive oxygen species were investigated as indicators of NO-mediated damage by flow cytometry. Results suggest that ruthenium- and osmium-nitrosyl complexes with the general formula (indazolium)[cis/trans-MCl4(NO)(1H-indazole)] have pronounced cytotoxic potency in cancer cell lines. Especially the more potent ruthenium complexes strongly induce apoptosis associated with depolarization of mitochondrial membranes, and elevated reactive oxygen species levels. Furthermore, a slight yet not unequivocal trend to accumulation of intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate attributable to NO-mediated effects was observed.

  2. Dinuclear ruthenium sawhorse-type complexes containing carboxylato bridges and ferrocenyl substituents: Synthesis and electrochemistry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Auzias, M.; Süss-Fink, G.; Štěpnička, P.; Ludvík, Jiří

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 360, č. 6 (2007), s. 2023-2028 ISSN 0020-1693 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : carboxylato bridges * dinuclear complexes * ruthenium * electrochemistry Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 1.713, year: 2007

  3. Are octahedral ruthenium (II/III) and osmium (II/III) complexes always low-spin?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Srnec, Martin; Chalupský, Jakub; Rulíšek, Lubomír

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 73, č. 10 (2008), s. 1231-1244 ISSN 0010-0765 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC512 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : ruthenium complexes * osmium * spin state * electronic spectra Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 0.784, year: 2008

  4. Synthesis, Anticancer Activity, and Genome Profiling of Thiazolo Arene Ruthenium Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grozav, Adriana; Balacescu, Ovidiu; Balacescu, Loredana; Cheminel, Thomas; Berindan-Neagoe, Ioana; Therrien, Bruno

    2015-11-12

    Sixteen hydrazinyl-thiazolo arene ruthenium complexes of the general formula [(η(6)-p-cymene)Ru(N,N'-hydrazinyl-thiazolo)Cl]Cl were synthesized. All complexes were tested in vitro for their antiproliferative activity on three tumor cell lines (HeLa, A2780, and A2780cisR) and on a noncancerous cell line (HFL-1). A superior cytotoxic activity of the ruthenium complexes as compared to cisplatin and oxaliplatin, on both cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin resistant ovarian cancer cells, was observed. In addition, the biological activity of two selected derivatives was evaluated using microarray gene expression assay and ingenuity pathway analysis. p53 signaling was identified as an important pathway modulated by both arene ruthenium compounds. New activated molecules such as FAS, ZMAT3, PRMT2, BBC3/PUMA, and PDCD4, whose overexpressions are correlated with overcoming resistance to cisplatin therapy, were also identified as potential targets. Moreover, the arene ruthenium complexes can be used in association with cisplatin to prevent cisplatin resistance development and synergistically to induce cell death in ovarian cancer cells.

  5. Half-sandwich (η6 -arene)ruthenium(II) chiral Schiff base complexes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    461. Half-sandwich (η6. -arene)ruthenium(II) chiral Schiff base complexes: Analysis of the diastereomeric mixtures in solution by 2D-NMR spectroscopy. RAKESH K RATHa, G A NAGANA GOWDAb and. AKHIL R CHAKRAVARTYa* a Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, and b Sophisticated Instruments Facility, ...

  6. Dinuclear ruthenium(II) and/or osmium(II) complexes of bipyridyl ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Dinuclear ruthenium(II) and/or osmium(II) complexes of bipyridyl ligands bridged by rigid spacers: Synthesis, electrochemical behaviour, absorption spectra and luminescence properties. ANVARHUSEN K BILAKHIYA, BEENA TYAGI and PARIMAL PAUL. Discipline of Silicates and Catalysis, Central Salt & Marine ...

  7. Photo-induced DNA cleavage and cytotoxicity of a ruthenium(II) arene anticancer complex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brabec, Viktor; Prachařová, J.; Štěpánková, Jana; Sadler, P. J.; Kašpárková, Jana

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 160, JUL2016 (2016), s. 149-155 ISSN 0162-0134 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-21053S; GA MŠk(CZ) LD14019 Institutional support: RVO:68081707 Keywords : Ruthenium anticancer complex * DNA cleavage * Phototoxicity Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 3.348, year: 2016

  8. Bulky N-Phosphino-Functionalized N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands: Synthesis, Ruthenium Coordination Chemistry, and Ruthenium Alkylidene Complexes for Olefin Metathesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Christopher C; Rominger, Frank; Limbach, Michael; Hofmann, Peter

    2015-11-02

    Ruthenium chemistry and applications in catalytic olefin metathesis based on N-phosphino-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene ligands (NHCPs) are presented. Alkyl NHCP Ru coordination chemistry is described, and access to several potential synthetic precursors for ruthenium alkylidene complexes is outlined, incorporating both trimethylsilyl and phenyl alkylidenes. The Ru alkylidene complexes are evaluated as potential olefin metathesis catalysts and were shown to behave in a latent fashion. They displayed catalytic activity at elevated temperatures for both ring closing metathesis and ring opening metathesis polymerization.

  9. Kinetics and Photochemistry of Ruthenium Bisbipyridine Diacetonitrile Complexes: An Interdisciplinary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Laboratory Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapp, Teresa L; Phillips, Susan R; Dmochowski, Ivan J

    2016-12-13

    The study of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes can be widely applied across disciplines in the undergraduate curriculum. Ruthenium photochemistry has advanced many fields including dye-sensitized solar cells, photoredox catalysis, light-driven water oxidation, and biological electron transfer. Equally promising are ruthenium polypyridyl complexes that provide a sterically bulky, photolabile moiety for transiently "caging" biologically active molecules. Photouncaging involves the use of visible (1-photon) or near-IR (2-photon) light to break one or more bonds between ruthenium and coordinated ligand(s), which can occur on short time scales and in high quantum yields. In this work we demonstrate the use of a model "caged" acetonitrile complex, Ru(2,2'-bipyridine) 2 (acetonitrile) 2 , or RuMeCN in an advanced synthesis and physical chemistry laboratory. Students made RuMeCN in an advanced synthesis laboratory course and performed UV-vis spectroscopy and electrochemistry. The following semester students investigated RuMeCN photolysis kinetics in a physical chemistry laboratory. These two exercises may also be combined to create a 2-week module in an advanced undergraduate laboratory course.

  10. Novel Reactivity Of The Cationic Complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, J.; Dash, A.K.; Eisen, AM.; Berthet, J.C.; Ephritikhine, M.

    2002-01-01

    The catalytic chemistry of electrophilic d 0 /f organometallic complexes is nowadays under intense investigation, reaching a high level of sophistication. General aspects concerning these complexes are concentrated for most studies to the functionalization of unsaturated organic molecules. To cite an instance, the actinide-promoted oligomerization of terminal alkynes is of essential present concern since it may introduce to a diversity of organic enynes and oligoacetylene products that are valuable synthons for the synthesis of natural products. Enynes are the simplest oligomerization products of alkynes. We have demonstrated that organoactinides complexes of the type [Cp* 2 AnMe 2 AnMe 2 ] (Cp* = C 5 Me 5 ; An = U, Th) are active catalysts for the linear oligomerization of terminal alkynes and the extent of oligomerization was found to be strongly dependent on the electronic and steric properties of the alkyne substituents. Bulky alkynes were reacted with high regioselectivity toward dimer and/or trimers whereas for non-bulky alkynes, these compounds were transformed into oligomers with a total deficiency of regioselectivity. The addition of primary amines to the catalytic cycle, for An = Th, granted the chemoselective formation of dimers, chemoselectively, whereas for An = U, this control was not succeeded. In distinction to the neutral organoactinide complexes, homogeneous cationic d 0 /f n actinide complexes have been used as in the homogeneous polymerization of olefins as extremely active catalysts. Hence, the catalytic alkyne oligomerization is a opportune route to explore insertions and σ-bond metathesis reactivity of complexes. We have recently shown that the reaction of terminal alkynes (RC≡CH), promoted by [(Et 2 N) 3 U][BPh 4 ], in toluene, produces efficiently mostly the gem dimers (for R = Me, i Pr and n Bu) as the major products, whereas for bulky alkynes (R = t MS or t Bu) small amounts of the cis dimer was concomitantly obtained. A plausible

  11. Transferring the Concept of Multinuclearity to Ruthenium Complexes for Improvement of Anticancer Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Ferri, Maria G.; Hartinger, Christian G.; Mendoza, Marco A.; Groessl, Michael; Egger, Alexander E.; Eichinger, Rene E.; Mangrum, John B.; Farrell, Nicholas P.; Maruszak, Magdalena; Bednarski, Patrick J.; Klein, Franz; Jakupec, Michael A.; Nazarov, Alexey A.; Severin, Kay; Keppler, Bernhard K.

    2010-01-01

    Multinuclear platinum anticancer complexes are a proven option to overcome resistance of established anticancer compounds. Transferring this concept to ruthenium complexes led to the synthesis of dinuclear Ru(II)–arene compounds containing a bis(pyridinone)alkane ligand linker. A pronounced influence of the spacer length on the in vitro anticancer activity was found, which is correlated to the lipophilicity of the complexes. IC50 values in the same dimension as for established platinum drugs were found in human tumor cell lines. No cross-resistance to oxoplatin, a cisplatin prodrug, was observed for the most active complex in three resistant cell lines; in fact, a 10-fold reversal of sensitivity in two of the oxoplatin-resistant lines was found. (Bio)analytical characterization of the representative examples showed that the ruthenium complexes hydrolyze rapidly, forming predominantly diaqua species that exhibit affinity toward transferrin and DNA, indicating that both proteins and nucleobases are potential targets. PMID:19170599

  12. Tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes as antimicrobial agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorle, Anil K; Feterl, Marshall; Warner, Jeffrey M; Wallace, Lynne; Keene, F Richard; Collins, J Grant

    2014-11-28

    A series of inert tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes that are linked by the bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-1,n-alkane ligand ("bb(n)" for n = 10, 12 and 16) have been synthesised and their potential as antimicrobial agents examined. Due to the modular nature of the synthesis of the oligonuclear complexes, it was possible to make both linear and non-linear tetranuclear ruthenium species. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the ruthenium(II) complexes were determined against four strains of bacteria--Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and Gram negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). In order to gain an understanding of the relative antimicrobial activities, the cellular uptake and water-octanol partition coefficients (log P) were determined for a selection of the ruthenium complexes. Although the trinuclear complexes were the most lipophilic based upon log P values and showed the greatest cellular uptake, the linear tetranuclear complexes were generally more active, with MIC values complexes were slightly more lipophilic and were taken up to a greater extent by the bacteria, they were consistently less active than their linear counterparts. Of particular note, the cellular accumulation of the oligonuclear ruthenium complexes was greater in the Gram negative strains compared to that in the Gram positive S. aureus and MRSA. The results demonstrate that the lower antimicrobial activity of polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes towards Gram negative bacteria, particularly P. aeruginosa, is not strongly correlated to the cellular accumulation but rather to a lower intrinsic ability to kill the Gram negative cells.

  13. Spectroscopic, thermal and biological studies on some trivalent ruthenium and rhodium NS chelating thiosemicarbazone complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Vinod K; Srivastava, Shipra; Srivastava, Ankita

    2007-01-01

    The synthetic, spectroscopic, and biological studies of sixteen ring-substituted 4-phenylthiosemicarbazones and 4-nitrophenyl-thiosemicarbazones of anisaldehyde, 4-chlorobenzaldehyde, 4-fluorobenzaldehyde, and vanillin with ruthenium(III) and rhodium(III) chlorides are reported here. Their structures were determined on the basis of the elemental analyses, spectroscopic data (IR, electronic, (1)H and (13)C NMR) along with magnetic susceptibility measurements, molar conductivity and thermogravimetric analyses. Electrical conductance measurement revealed a 1 : 3 electrolytic nature of the complexes. The resulting colored products are monomeric in nature. On the basis of the above studies, three ligands were suggested to be coordinated to each metal atom by thione sulphur and azomethine nitrogen to form low-spin octahedral complexes with ruthenium(III) while forming diamagnetic complexes with rhodium(III). Both ligands and their complexes have been screened for their bactericidal activities and the results indicate that they exhibit a significant activity.

  14. Ruthenium(II) pincer complexes with oxazoline arms for efficient transfer hydrogenation reactions

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Tao

    2012-08-01

    Well-defined P NN CN pincer ruthenium complexes bearing both strong phosphine and weak oxazoline donors were developed. These easily accessible complexes exhibit significantly better catalytic activity in transfer hydrogenation of ketones compared to their PN 3P analogs. These reactions proceed under mild and base-free conditions via protonation- deprotonation of the \\'NH\\' group in the aromatization-dearomatization process. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. RNA and DNA binding of inert oligonuclear ruthenium(II) complexes in live eukaryotic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin; Gorle, Anil K; Ainsworth, Tracy D; Heimann, Kirsten; Woodward, Clifford E; Collins, J Grant; Keene, F Richard

    2015-02-28

    Confocal microscopy was used to study the intracellular localisation of a series of inert polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes with three eukaryotic cells lines - baby hamster kidney (BHK), human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) and liver carcinoma (Hep-G2). Co-staining experiments with the DNA-selective dye DAPI demonstrated that the di-, tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes that are linked by the bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-1,12-dodecane bridging ligand ("bb12") showed a high degree of selectivity for the nucleus of the eukaryotic cells. Additional co-localisation experiments with the general nucleic acid stain SYTO 9 indicated that the ruthenium complexes showed a considerable preference for the RNA-rich nucleolus, rather than chromosomal DNA. No significant differences were observed in the intracellular localisation between the ΔΔ and ΛΛ enantiomers of the dinuclear complex. Cytotoxicity assays carried out over 72 hours indicated that the ruthenium complexes, particularly the tri- and tetra-nuclear species, were significantly toxic to the eukaryotic cells. However, when the activity of the least cytotoxic compound (the ΔΔ enantiomer of the dinuclear species) was determined over a 24 hour period, the results indicated that the ruthenium complex was approximately a 100-fold less toxic to liver and kidney cells than to Gram positive bacteria. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy was used to examine the effect of the ΔΔ and ΛΛ enantiomers of the dinuclear complex on the solution conformations of RNA and DNA. The CD experiments indicated that the RNA maintained the A-type conformation, and the DNA the B-type structure, upon binding by the ruthenium complexes.

  16. Structural Investigation in Solution of a series of five-Coordinate Bisphosphinoaryl Ruthenium(II) Complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koten, G. van; Dani, P.; Kink, G. van

    2000-01-01

    The structure of the ruthenium(II) complexes [RuCl{C6H2(CH2PPh2)2-2,6-R-4}(PPh3)] [R = H (1), Ph (2) or Br (3)] was investigated in solution using two-dimensional NMR techniques (1H-1H-, 13C-1H- and 31P-1H-correlation NMR spectroscopy and 1H NOESY). The 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the complexes 1-3

  17. Transferrin serves as a mediator to deliver organometallic ruthenium(II) anticancer complexes into cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Wei; Zheng, Wei; Luo, Qun; Li, Xianchan; Zhao, Yao; Xiong, Shaoxiang; Wang, Fuyi

    2013-05-06

    We report herein a systematic study on interactions of organometallic ruthenium(II) anticancer complex [(η(6)-arene)Ru(en)Cl](+) (arene = p-cymene (1) or biphenyl (2), en = ethylenediamine) with human transferrin (hTf) and the effects of the hTf-ligation on the bioavailability of these complexes with cisplatin as a reference. Incubated with a 5-fold excess of complex 1, 2, or cisplatin, 1 mol of diferric hTf (holo-hTf) attached 0.62 mol of 1, 1.01 mol of 2, or 2.14 mol of cisplatin. Mass spectrometry revealed that both ruthenium complexes coordinated to N-donors His242, His273, His578, and His606, whereas cisplatin bound to O donors Tyr136 and Tyr317 and S-donor Met256 in addition to His273 and His578 on the surface of both apo- and holo-hTf. Moreover, cisplatin could bind to Thr457 within the C-lobe iron binding cleft of apo-hTf. Neither ruthenium nor platinum binding interfered with the recognition of holo-hTf by the transferrin receptor (TfR). The ruthenated/platinated holo-hTf complexes could be internalized via TfR-mediated endocytosis at a similar rate to that of holo-hTf itself. Moreover, the binding to holo-hTf well preserved the bioavailability of the ruthenium complexes, and the hTf-bound 1 and 2 showed a similar cytotoxicity toward the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 to those of the complexes themselves. However, the conjugation with holo-hTf significantly reduced the cellular uptake of cisplatin and the amount of platinated DNA adducts formed intracellularly, leading to dramatic reduction of cisplatin cytotoxicity toward MCF-7. These findings suggest that hTf can serve as a mediator for the targeting delivery of Ru(arene) anticancer complexes while deactivating cisplatin.

  18. Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes containing chelating thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic property

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raja, N.; Ramesh, R.

    2010-02-01

    Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes of the type [RuX(EPh 3) 2(L)] (E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = dibasic terdentate dehydroacetic acid thiosemicarbazones) have been synthesized from the reaction of thiosemicarbazone ligands with ruthenium(III) precursors, [RuX 3(EPh 3) 3] (where E = P, X = Cl; E = As, X = Cl or Br) and [RuBr 3(PPh 3) 2(CH 3OH)] in benzene. The compositions of the complexes have been established by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurement, FT-IR, UV-vis and EPR spectral data. These complexes are paramagnetic and show intense d-d and charge transfer transitions in dichloromethane. The complexes show rhombic EPR spectra at LNT which are typical of low-spin distorted octahedral ruthenium(III) species. All the complexes are redox active and display an irreversible metal centered redox processes. Complex [RuCl(PPh 3) 2(DHA-PTSC)] ( 5) was used as catalyst for transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of isopropanol/KOH and was found to be the active species.

  19. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of ruthenium(III) complexes derived from chitosan schiff base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadivel, T; Dhamodaran, M

    2016-09-01

    Chitosan can be modified chemically by condensation reaction of deacetylated chitosan with aldehyde in homogeneous phase. This condensation is carried by primary amine (NH2) with aldehyde (CHO) to form corresponding schiff base. The chitosan biopolymer schiff base derivatives are synthesized with substituted aldehydes namely 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde, and 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde, becomes a complexing agent or ligand. The Ruthenium(III) complexes were obtained by complexation of Ruthenium with schiff base ligands and this product exhibits as an excellent solubility and more biocompatibility. The novel series of schiff base Ruthenium(III) complexes are characterized by Elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, and Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). The synthesized complexes have been subjected to antibacterial study. The antibacterial results indicated that the antibacterial activity of the complexes were more effective against Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria. These findings are giving suitable support for developing new antibacterial agent and expand our scope for applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Design of Photoactive Ruthenium Complexes to Study Electron Transfer and Proton Pumping in Cytochrome Oxidase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, Bill; Millett, Francis

    2011-01-01

    This review describes the development and application of photoactive ruthenium complexes to study electron transfer and proton pumping reactions in cytochrome c oxidase (CcO). CcO uses four electrons from Cc to reduce O2 to two waters, and pumps four protons across the membrane. The electron transfer reactions in cytochrome oxidase are very rapid, and cannot be resolved by stopped-flow mixing techniques. Methods have been developed to covalently attach a photoactive tris(bipyridine)ruthenium group [Ru(II)] to Cc to form Ru-39-Cc. Photoexcitation of Ru(II) to the excited state Ru(II*), a strong reductant, leads to rapid electron transfer to the ferric heme group in Cc, followed by electron transfer to CuA in CcO with a rate constant of 60,000 s−1. Ruthenium kinetics and mutagenesis studies have been used to define the domain for the interaction between Cc and CcO. New ruthenium dimers have also been developed to rapidly inject electrons into CuA of CcO with yields as high as 60%, allowing measurement of the kinetics of electron transfer and proton release at each step in the oxygen reduction mechanism. PMID:21939635

  1. Cytotoxic hydrogen bridged ruthenium quinaldamide complexes showing induced cancer cell death by apoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Rianne M; Allison, Simon J; Rafferty, Karen; Ghandhi, Laura; Pask, Christopher M; McGowan, Patrick C

    2016-08-16

    This report presents the first known p-cymene ruthenium quinaldamide complexes which are stabilised by a hydrogen-bridging atom, [{(p-cym)Ru(II)X(N,N)}{H(+)}{(N,N)XRu(II)(p-cym)}][PF6] (N,N = functionalised quinaldamide and X = Cl or Br). These complexes are formed by a reaction of [p-cymRu(μ-X)2]2 with a functionalised quinaldamide ligand. When filtered over NH4PF6, and under aerobic conditions the equilibrium of NH4PF6 ⇔ NH3 + HPF6 enables incorporation of HPF6 and the stabilisation of two monomeric ruthenium complexes by a bridging H(+), which are counter-balanced by a PF6 counterion. X-ray crystallographic analysis is presented for six new structures with OO distances of 2.420(4)-2.448(15) Å, which is significant for strong hydrogen bonds. Chemosensitivity studies against HCT116, A2780 and cisplatin-resistant A2780cis human cancer cells showed the ruthenium complexes with a bromide ancillary ligand to be more potent than those with a chloride ligand. The 4'-fluoro compounds show a reduction in potency for both chloride and bromide complexes against all cell lines, but an increase in selectivity towards cancer cells compared to non-cancer ARPE-19 cells, with a selectivity index >1. Mechanistic studies showed a clear correlation between IC50 values and induction of cell death by apoptosis.

  2. Synthesis, Structure, and Anticancer Activity of Arene-Ruthenium(II) Complexes with Acylpyrazolones Bearing Aliphatic Groups in the Acyl Moiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmucci, Jessica; Marchetti, Fabio; Pettinari, Riccardo; Pettinari, Claudio; Scopelliti, Rosario; Riedel, Tina; Therrien, Bruno; Galindo, Agustin; Dyson, Paul J

    2016-11-21

    A series of neutral ruthenium(II) arene complexes [(arene)Ru(Q R )Cl] (arene = p-cymene (cym) or hexamethylbenzene (hmb)) containing 4-acyl-5-pyrazolonate Q R ligands with different electronic and steric substituents (R = 4-cyclohexyl, 4-stearoyl, or 4-adamantyl) and related ionic complexes [(arene)Ru(Q R )(PTA)][PF 6 ] (PTA = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopy (IR, UV-vis, ESI-MS, and 1 H and 13 C NMR), elemental analysis, X-ray crystallography, and density functional theory studies. The cytotoxicity of the proligands and metal complexes was evaluated in vitro against human ovarian carcinoma cells (A2780 and A2780cisR), as well as against nontumorous human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. In general the cationic PTA-containing complexes are more cytotoxic than their neutral precursors with a chloride ligand in place of the PTA. Moreover, the complexes do not show cross-resistance and are essentially equally cytotoxic to both the A2780 and A2780cisR cell lines, although they only show limited selectivity toward the cancer cell lines.

  3. Biochemical action of new complexes of ruthenium with quinolones as potential antitumor agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruia, Maria Iuliana; Negoita, Valentina; Vasilescu, Monica; Panait, Marieta; Gruia, Ion; Velescu, Bruno Stefan; Uivarosi, Valentina

    2015-06-01

    The aim of the present study paper was to identify the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in apoptosis signaling mechanisms. We used for this purpose two ruthenium complex compounds based on that overproduce these reactive species by their metabolism thus manifesting their antitumor activity too. In vivo studies were performed in Walker 256 carcinoma-bearing Wistar rats treated with two ruthenium (III) (Ru(III)) complexes with -fluoroquinolones norfloxacin and ofloxacin. The treatment started 7 days after tumor grafting. We assayed the dynamics of apoptosis by flow-cytometry and the biochemical oxidative status parameters. The biological samples used were serum and whole-tumor tissues; the results were compared to the untreated control group. The results showed an increase of apoptosis from 14.79% to 59.72% 14.79% to 59.72% in tumor cells treated with the most active combination, ruthenium complex with norfloxacin. We also noted an increase of the oxidative status and ROS production during treatment. The newly-synthesized complexes are less toxic and their activity is based on the induction of oxidative stress. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  4. A Liposome Encapsulated Ruthenium Polypyridine Complex as a Theranostic Platform for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jianliang; Kim, Han-Cheon; Wolfram, Joy; Mu, Chaofeng; Zhang, Wei; Liu, Haoran; Xie, Yan; Mai, Junhua; Zhang, Hang; Li, Zhi; Guevara, Maria; Mao, Zong-Wan; Shen, Haifa

    2017-05-10

    Ruthenium coordination complexes have the potential to serve as novel theranostic agents for cancer. However, a major limitation in their clinical implementation is effective tumor accumulation. In this study, we have developed a liposome-based theranostic nanodelivery system for [Ru(phen) 2 dppz](ClO 4 ) 2 (Lipo-Ru). This ruthenium polypyridine complex emits a strong fluorescent signal when incorporated in the hydrophobic lipid bilayer of the delivery vehicle or in the DNA helix, enabling visualization of the therapeutic agent in tumor tissues. Incubation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells with Lipo-Ru induced double-strand DNA breaks and triggers apoptosis. In a mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer, treatment with Lipo-Ru dramatically reduced tumor growth. Biodistribution studies of Lipo-Ru revealed that more than 20% of the injected dose accumulated in the tumor. These results suggest that Lipo-Ru could serve as a promising theranostic platform for cancer.

  5. Amide Synthesis from Alcohols and Amines Catalyzed by Ruthenium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam, Johan Hygum; Osztrovszky, Gyorgyi; Nordstrøm, Lars Ulrik Rubæk

    2010-01-01

    The direct synthesis of amides from alcohols and amines is described with the simultaneous liberation of dihydrogen. The reaction does not require any stoichiometric additives or hydrogen acceptors and is catalyzed by ruthenium N-heterocyclic carbene complexes. Three different catalyst systems......,3-diisopropylimidazolium chloride, tricyclopentylphosphonium tetrafluoroborate, and base. The second system uses the complex [RuCl2(IiPr)(p-cymene)] together with tricyclohexylphosphine and base, whereas the third system employs the Hoveyda-Grubbs 1st-generation metathesis catalyst together with 1,3-diisopropylimidazolium...... not show any significant differences in reactivity, which indicates that the same catalytically active species is operating. The reaction is believed to proceed by initial dehydrogenation of the primary alcohol to the aldehyde that stays coordinated to ruthenium and is not released into the reaction...

  6. Optical nonlinearity, limiting and switching characteristics of novel ruthenium metal-organic complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunatha, K. B.; Rajarao, Ravindra; Umesh, G.; Ramachandra Bhat, B.; Poornesh, P.

    2017-10-01

    We report the nonlinear optical properties of Ruthenium metal complex a promising organic material for use in scientific and technological applications. The thin films of newly synthesized ruthenium metal-organic complex were fabricated using spin coating technique. Z-scan and degenerate four wave mixing (DFWM) techniques used to extract the third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) parameters. The data reveals the investigated material exhibited relatively large NLO properties. The pump-probe experiments shows that the switch-on and off times of the material were in the order of μs at different pump intensities and the energy dependent transmission studies reveal good limiting property of the material in nanosecond regime.

  7. Synthesis and characterisation of mono-nitrosyl complexes of ruthenium: reactivity of the coordinated nitrosyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sueur, Stephane

    1977-01-01

    Within the frame of physical-chemical researches on radioactive effluents, their processing and their evolution, and within the perspective of a possible application to the fixing of radioactive ruthenium, this research thesis reports the study of reactions of barbituric acid with nitro-complexes of ruthenium-nitrosyl. First, the synthesis and the complete study of ketoxime complexes of ruthenium II have been performed. A radio-crystallographic study of HRu(H 2 vi) 3 ,4H 2 O allows the crystallisation of this compound and the molecular structure of Ru(H 2 vi) 3 - to be analysed. Nuclear magnetic resonance has been used to study this ion: the 'cis' structure noticed in solid phase remains present in solution. Spectroscopic studies (IR and FIR) have also been performed to further study the structure and of these tris-chelates. Their stoichiometry and titration have also been studied. The same techniques have then been applied to nitrosyl complexes for their synthesis, characterisation and structural study, and finally to the study of reactions of K 2 RuNOCl 5 and Na 2 RuNo(NO 2 ) 4 OH with barbituric acid

  8. Aryl-Substituted Ruthenium(II) Complexes: A Strategy for Enhanced Photocleavage and Efficient DNA Binding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, Felipe Diógenes; Paulo, Tercio de F; Gehlen, Marcelo H; Ando, Rômulo A; Lopes, Luiz G F; Gondim, Ana Cláudia S; Vasconcelos, Mayron A; Teixeira, Edson H; Sousa, Eduardo Henrique Silva; de Carvalho, Idalina Maria Moreira

    2017-08-07

    Ruthenium polypyridine complexes have shown promise as agents for photodynamic therapy (PDT) and tools for molecular biology (chromophore-assisted light inactivation). To accomplish these tasks, it is important to have at least target selectivity and great reactive oxygen species (ROS) photogeneration: two properties that are not easily found in the same molecule. To prepare such new agents, we synthesized two new ruthenium complexes that combine an efficient DNA binding moiety (dppz ligand) together with naphthyl-modified (1) and anthracenyl-modified (2) bipyridine as a strong ROS generator bound to a ruthenium complex. The compounds were fully characterized and their photophysical and photochemical properties investigated. Compound 2 showed one of the highest quantum yields for singlet oxygen production ever reported (Φ Δ = 0.96), along with very high DNA binding (log K b = 6.78). Such photochemical behavior could be ascribed to the lower triplet state involving the anthracenyl-modified bipyridine, which is associated with easier oxygen quenching. In addition, the compounds exhibited moderate selectivity toward G-quadruplex DNA and binding to the minor groove of DNA, most likely driven by the pendant ligands. Interestingly, they also showed DNA photocleavage activity even upon exposure to a yellow light-emitting diode (LED). Regarding their biological activity, the compounds exhibited an exciting antibacterial action, particularly against Gram-positive bacteria, which was enhanced upon blue LED irradiation. Altogether, these results showed that our strategy succeeded in producing light-triggered DNA binding agents with pharmacological and biotechnological potential.

  9. Radiosensitisation of human colorectal cancer cells by ruthenium(II) arene anticancer complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, R; Westhorpe, A; Romero, MJ; Habtemariam, A; Gallevo, CR; Bark, Y; Menezes, N; Sadler, PJ; Sharma, RA

    2016-01-01

    Some of the largest improvements in clinical outcomes for patients with solid cancers observed over the past 3 decades have been from concurrent treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy (RT). The lethal effects of RT on cancer cells arise primarily from damage to DNA. Ruthenium (Ru) is a transition metal of the platinum group, with potentially less toxicity than platinum drugs. We postulated that ruthenium-arene complexes are radiosensitisers when used in combination with RT. We screened 14 ruthenium-arene complexes and identified AH54 and AH63 as supra-additive radiosensitisers by clonogenic survival assays and isobologram analyses. Both complexes displayed facial chirality. At clinically relevant doses of RT, radiosensitisation of cancer cells by AH54 and AH63 was p53-dependent. Radiation enhancement ratios for 5–10 micromolar drug concentrations ranged from 1.19 to 1.82. In p53-wildtype cells, both drugs induced significant G2 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Colorectal cancer cells deficient in DNA damage repair proteins, EME1 and MUS81, were significantly more sensitive to both agents. Both drugs were active in cancer cell lines displaying acquired resistance to oxaliplatin or cisplatin. Our findings broaden the potential scope for these drugs for use in cancer therapy, including combination with radiotherapy to treat colorectal cancer. PMID:26867983

  10. Cytogenotoxic effects of two potential anticancer Ruthenium(III Schiff Bases complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izet Eminovic

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Treatment of cancer has been subject of great interest. Researchers are continuously searching for new medicines. In this sense, ruthenium complexes have big potential. Some evidences suggest that ruthenium compounds possess anticancer activities. We synthesized two recently published ruthenium(III complexes with bidentate O,N and tridentate O,O,N Schiff bases derived from 5-substituted salicylaldehyde and aminophenol or anilineare. These compounds showed affinity for binding to the DNA molecule, however, insufficient data are available regarding their possible toxic effects on biological systems.Methods: In the present study we evaluated genotoxic, cytotoxic, and cytostatic effects of Na[RuCl2(L12] and Na[Ru(L22], using the Allium cepa assay.Results: Different toxic effects were observed depending on the substance, tested concentration, and endpoint measured. In general, the tested compounds significantly lowered the root growth and mitotic index values as compared to the control group. Additionally, a wide range of abnormal mitotic stages, both clastogenic and non-clastogenic were observed in the treated cells. Na[RuCl2(L12] significantly increased the frequency of sticky metaphases, chromosome bridges, micronuclei, impaired chromosome segregation, as well as number of apoptotic and necrotic cells over the controls. In contrast, Na[Ru(L22] did not show significant evidence of genotoxicity with regard to chromosome aberrations and micronuclei, however, significant differences were detected in the number of apoptotic and necrotic cells when the highest concentration was applied.Conclusions: In this study we demonstrated antiproliferative effects of Na[RuCl2(L12] and Na[Ru(L22]. At clinical level, these results could be interesting for further studies on anticancer potential of the ruthenium(III complexes using animal models.

  11. Catalytic water oxidation by ruthenium(II) quaterpyridine (qpy) complexes: evidence for ruthenium(III) qpy-N,N'''-dioxide as the real catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yingying; Ng, Siu-Mui; Yiu, Shek-Man; Lam, William W Y; Wei, Xi-Guang; Lau, Kai-Chung; Lau, Tai-Chu

    2014-12-22

    Polypyridyl and related ligands have been widely used for the development of water oxidation catalysts. Supposedly these ligands are oxidation-resistant and can stabilize high-oxidation-state intermediates. In this work a series of ruthenium(II) complexes [Ru(qpy)(L)2 ](2+) (qpy=2,2':6',2'':6'',2'''-quaterpyridine; L=substituted pyridine) have been synthesized and found to catalyze Ce(IV) -driven water oxidation, with turnover numbers of up to 2100. However, these ruthenium complexes are found to function only as precatalysts; first, they have to be oxidized to the qpy-N,N'''-dioxide (ONNO) complexes [Ru(ONNO)(L)2 ](3+) which are the real catalysts for water oxidation. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Carboxylate-assisted C(sp³)-H activation in olefin metathesis-relevant ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Jeffrey S; Zou, Lufeng; Liu, Peng; Lan, Yu; O'Leary, Daniel J; Houk, K N; Grubbs, Robert H

    2014-05-07

    The mechanism of C-H activation at metathesis-relevant ruthenium(II) benzylidene complexes was studied both experimentally and computationally. Synthesis of a ruthenium dicarboxylate at a low temperature allowed for direct observation of the C-H activation step, independent of the initial anionic ligand-exchange reactions. A first-order reaction supports an intramolecular concerted metalation-deprotonation mechanism with ΔG(‡)(298K) = 22.2 ± 0.1 kcal·mol(-1) for the parent N-adamantyl-N'-mesityl complex. An experimentally determined ΔS(‡) = -5.2 ± 2.6 eu supports a highly ordered transition state for carboxylate-assisted C(sp(3))-H activation. Experimental results, including measurement of a large primary kinetic isotope effect (k(H)/k(D) = 8.1 ± 1.7), agree closely with a computed six-membered carboxylate-assisted C-H activation mechanism where the deprotonating carboxylate adopts a pseudo-apical geometry, displacing the aryl ether chelate. The rate of cyclometalation was found to be influenced by both the electronics of the assisting carboxylate and the ruthenium ligand environment.

  13. Enhancing vascular relaxing effects of nitric oxide-donor ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulo, Michele; Banin, Tamy M; de Andrade, Fernanda A; Bendhack, Lusiane M

    2014-05-01

    Ruthenium-derived complexes have emerged as new nitric oxide (NO) donors that may help circumvent the NO deficiency that impairs vasodilation. NO in vessels can be produced by the endothelial cells and/or released by NO donors. NO interacts with soluble guanylyl-cyclase to produce cGMP to activate the kinase-G pathway. As a result, conductance arteries, veins and resistance arteries dilate, whereas the cytosolic Ca(2+) levels in the smooth muscle cells decrease. NO also reacts with oxygen or the superoxide anion, to generate reactive oxygen species that modulate NO-induced vasodilation. In this article, we focus on NO production by NO synthase and discuss the vascular changes taking place during hypertension originating from endothelial dysfunction. We will describe how the NO released from ruthenium-derived complexes enhances the vascular effects arising from failed NO generation or lack of NO bioavailability. In addition, how ruthenium-derived NO donors induce the hypotensive effect by vasodilation is also discussed.

  14. Influence of Proton Acceptors on the Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Reaction Kinetics of a Ruthenium-Tyrosine Complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennox, J Christian; Dempsey, Jillian L

    2017-11-22

    A polypyridyl ruthenium complex with fluorinated bipyridine ligands and a covalently bound tyrosine moiety was synthesized, and its photo-induced proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reactivity in acetonitrile was investigated with transient absorption spectroscopy. Using flash-quench methodology with methyl viologen as an oxidative quencher, a Ru 3+ species is generated that is capable of initiating the intramolecular PCET oxidation of the tyrosine moiety. Using a series of substituted pyridine bases, the reaction kinetics were found to vary as a function of proton acceptor concentration and identity, with no significant H/D kinetic isotope effect. Through analysis of the kinetics traces and comparison to a control complex without the tyrosine moiety, PCET reactivity was found to proceed through an equilibrium electron transfer followed by proton transfer (ET-PT) pathway in which irreversible deprotonation of the tyrosine radical cation shifts the ET equilibrium, conferring a base dependence on the reaction. Comprehensive kinetics modeling allowed for deconvolution of complex kinetics and determination of rate constants for each elementary step. Across the five pyridine bases explored, spanning a range of 4.2 pK a units, a linear free-energy relationship was found for the proton transfer rate constant with a slope of 0.32. These findings highlight the influence that proton transfer driving force exerts on PCET reaction kinetics.

  15. cyclic π-perimeter hydrocarbon ruthenium complexes bearing ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    6), as their (complexes 1–4, 6) PF6 salt or (complex 5) BF4 salt. The complexes were .... ammonium salt. The solution was concentrated to 2 ml, whereupon addition of excess diethyl ether precipitated the additional complex, which was separated and dried ...... Union Road, Cambridge CB2 1EZ, UK; fax: +44 1223. 336033.

  16. Organometallic ruthenium anticancer complexes inhibit human glutathione-S-transferase π.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu; Huang, Yongdong; Zheng, Wei; Wang, Fuyi; Habtemariam, Abraha; Luo, Qun; Li, Xianchan; Wu, Kui; Sadler, Peter J; Xiong, Shaoxiang

    2013-11-01

    The organometallic ruthenium(II) anticancer complexes [(η(6)-arene)Ru(en)Cl](+) (arene = p-cymene (1), biphenyl (2) or 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene (3); en = ethylenediamine), exhibit in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities. In the present work, we show that they inhibit human glutathione-S-transferase π (GSTπ) with IC50 values of 59.4 ± 1.3, 63.2 ± 0.4 and 37.2 ± 1.1 μM, respectively. Mass spectrometry revealed that complex 1 binds to the S-donors of Cys15, Cys48 within the G-site and Cys102 at the interface of the GSTπ dimer, while complex 2 binds to Cys48 and Met92 at the dimer interface and complex 3 to Cys15, Cys48 and Met92. Moreover, the binding of complex 1 to Cys15 and Cys102, complex 2 to Cys48 and complex 3 to Cys15 induces the irreversible oxidation of the coordinated thiolates to sulfenates. Molecular modeling studies indicate that the coordination of the {(arene)Ru(en)}(2+) fragment to Cys48 blocks the hydrophilic G-site sterically, perhaps preventing substrate from proper positioning and accounting for the reduction in enzymatic activity of ruthenated GSTπ. The binding of the ruthenium arene complexes to Cys102 or Met92 disrupts the dimer interface which is an essential structural feature for the proper functioning of GSTπ, perhaps also contributing to the inhibition of GSTπ. © 2013.

  17. Dehydrogenative Synthesis of Imines from Alcohols and Amines Catalyzed by a Ruthenium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maggi, Agnese; Madsen, Robert

    2012-01-01

    A new method for the direct synthesis of imines from alcohols and amines is described where hydrogen gas is liberated. The reaction is catalyzed by the ruthenium N-heterocyclic carbene complex [RuCl2(IiPr)(p-cymene)] in the presence of the ligand DABCO and molecular sieves. The imination can...... be applied to a variety of primary alcohols and amines and can be combined with a subsequent addition reaction. A deuterium labeling experiment indicates that the catalytically active species is a ruthenium dihydride. The reaction is believed to proceed by initial dehydrogenation of the alcohol...... to the aldehyde, which stays coordinated to ruthenium. Nucleophilic attack of the amine affords the hemiaminal, which is released from ruthenium and converted into the imine....

  18. Influence of PPh₃ moiety in the anticancer activity of new organometallic ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sáez, Rubén; Lorenzo, Julia; Prieto, Ma Jose; Font-Bardia, Mercè; Calvet, Teresa; Omeñaca, Nuria; Vilaseca, Marta; Moreno, Virtudes

    2014-07-01

    The effect of the PPh3 group in the antitumor activity of some new organometallic ruthenium(II) complexes has been investigated. Several complexes of the type [Ru((II))(Cl)(PPh3)(Lig-N)], [Ru((II))(Cl)2(Lig-N)] (where Lig-N=pyridine derivate) and [Ru((II))(Cl)(PPh3)2], have been synthesized and characterized. A noticeable increment of the antitumor activity and cytotoxicity of the complexes due to the presence of PPh3 moiety has also been demonstrated, affording IC50 values of 5.2 μM in HL-60 tumor cell lines. Atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism and electrophoresis experiments have proved that these complexes can bind DNA resulting in a distortion of both secondary and tertiary structures. Ethidium bromide displacement fluorescence spectroscopy studies and viscosity measurements support that the presence of PPh3 group induces intercalation interactions with DNA. Indeed, crystallographic analysis, suggest that intra-molecular π-π interactions could be involved in the intercalation within DNA base pairs. Furthermore, high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) studies have confirmed a strong interaction between ruthenium complexes and proteins (ubiquitin and potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor - PCI) including slower kinetics due to the presence of PPh3 moiety, which could have an important role in detoxification mechanism and others. Finally, ion mobility mass spectrometry (IMMS) experiments have proved that there is no significant change in the gas phase structural conformation of the proteins owing to their bonding to ruthenium complexes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Ruthenium, osmium and rhodium complexes of polypyridyl ligands ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    (L→M σdonation) is the predominant factor, rather than angular strain, that is responsible for metal-promoted reactivities. Electrochemical properties of all of these complexes have been investigated, Rh(III) complexes are excellent catalysts for electrocatalytic reduction of CO2, and dinuclear Ru(II) and Os(II) complexes ...

  20. DMSO containing ruthenium(ii) hydrazone complexes: in vitro evaluation of biomolecular interaction and anticancer activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alagesan, M; Sathyadevi, P; Krishnamoorthy, P; Bhuvanesh, N S P; Dharmaraj, N

    2014-11-14

    Synthesis, spectral, electrochemical and single crystal X-ray diffraction data of a new series of DMSO containing bivalent ruthenium hydrazone complexes are presented. XRD data of two of the new complexes revealed an octahedral coordination around the ruthenium ion satisfied by NOS2Cl2 atoms. Electrochemical studies showed the metal centred, quasi-reversible, one-electron redox behaviour of the new complexes. The binding of these complexes with biomolecules such as calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein investigated by different spectrophotometric methods revealed an intercalative mode of interaction. The in vitro cytotoxicity of these complexes evaluated by the MTT assay on a panel of cancer and normal cell lines indicated that the above complexes are more toxic to cancer cells with a few micromolar concentrations as the IC50 value, but are significantly less toxic to normal cell lines. The observed variations in the binding interactions and cytotoxicity of the complexes were attributed to the nature of the hydrazide moiety of the hydrazones that influences their biological activities.

  1. Selenoquinones stabilized by ruthenium(II) arene complexes: synthesis, structure, and cytotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubarle-Offner, Julien; Clavel, Catherine M; Gontard, Geoffrey; Dyson, Paul J; Amouri, Hani

    2014-05-05

    A new series of monoselenoquinone and diselenoquinone π complexes, [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(η(4) -C6 R4 SeE)] (R=H, E=Se (6); R=CH3 , E=Se (7); R=H, E=O (8)), as well as selenolate π complexes [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(η(5) -C6 H3 R2 Se)][SbF6 ] (R=H (9); R=CH3 (10)), stabilized by arene ruthenium moieties were prepared in good yields through nucleophilic substitution reactions from dichlorinated-arene and hydroxymonochlorinated-arene ruthenium complexes [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(C6 R4 XCl)][SbF6 ]2 (R=H, X=Cl (1); R=CH3 , X=Cl (2); R=H, X=OH (3)) as well as the monochlorinated π complexes [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(η(5) -C6 H3 R2 Cl)][SbF6 ]2 (R=H (4); R=CH3 (5)). The X-ray crystallographic structures of two of the compounds, [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(η(4) -C6 Me4 Se2 )] (7) and [(η(6) -p-cymene)Ru(η(4) -C6 H4 SeO)] (8), were determined. The structures confirm the identity of the target compounds and ascertain the coordination mode of these unprecedented ruthenium π complexes of selenoquinones. Furthermore, these new compounds display relevant cytotoxic properties towards human ovarian cancer cells. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Synthesis, spectral characterization, DNA interaction, radical scavenging and cytotoxicity studies of ruthenium(II) hydrazone complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanraj, Maruthachalam; Ayyannan, Ganesan; Raja, Gunasekaran; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2016-05-01

    Three new ruthenium(II) complexes with hydrazone ligands, furan-2-carboxylic acid (2,4-dihydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazide (HL(1)), furan-2-carboxylic acid [4-(ethyl-propyl-amino)-2-hydroxy-benzylidene]-hydrazide (HL(2)) and furan-2-carboxylic acid (3-ethoxy-2-hydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazide (HL(3)) were synthesized and characterized by various spectro-analytical techniques. The hydrazone ligands act as a tridendate ligand with ONO as the donor sites and are preferably found in the enol form in all the complexes. The molecular structure of the ligands was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The interaction of the ligands and the complexes with CT-DNA were evaluated by an absorption titration method which revealed that the compounds interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. Gel electrophoresis assay demonstrated the ability of the complexes to cleave the calf thymus DNA hydrolytically. Antioxidant studies showed that the ruthenium(II) complexes have a strong radical-scavenging properties. Further, the cytotoxic effect of the compounds examined on cancerous cell lines showed that the complexes exhibited substantial anticancer activity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Interactions between DNA purines and ruthenium ammine complexes within nanostructured sol-gel silica matrixes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Luís M F; Garcia, Ana R; Brogueira, Pedro; Ilharco, Laura M

    2010-03-25

    The interactions between DNA purines (guanine and adenine) and three ruthenium ammine complexes (hexaammineruthenium(III) chloride, hexaammineruthenium(II) chloride, and ruthenium-red) were studied in a confined environment, within sol-gel silica matrixes. Two encapsulation methods were rehearsed (differing in temperature and condensation pH), in order to analyze the effects of the sol-gel processes on the purines and on the Ru complexes separately. The extent of decomposition of the Ru complexes, as well as the interactions established with the purine bases, proved to be determined by the coencapsulation method. Combined results by diffuse reflectance UV-vis and infrared spectroscopies showed that, when coencapsulation is carried out at 60 degrees C, specific H bonding interactions are established between the amine group of Ade and the ammine groups of the Ru complex or the hydroxo group of an early decomposition product. These are responsible for the important role of the purine in inhibiting the oxidation reactions of the Ru(II) and Ru(III) complexes. In contrast, Gua establishes preferential H bonds with the matrix (mainly due to the carbonyl group), leading to higher yields in the final oxidation products of the Ru complexes, namely, trimers and dimers. Direct covalent bonding of either purine to the metal was not observed.

  4. Ruthenium, osmium and rhodium complexes of polypyridyl ligands ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A critical analysis of all data suggests that the electron-withdrawing effect of the metal ion (L→M donation) is the predominant factor, rather than angular strain, that is responsible for metal-promoted reactivities. Electrochemical properties of all of these complexes have been investigated, Rh(III) complexes are excellent ...

  5. Cyclometallated ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with 1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tronic spectra (vide supra), the lowest energy, rather broad emission band exhibited by the complexes is also red shifted by ∼25 nm in comparison to the broad emission band observed for the free thiosemi- carbazones (H2Ln). The emission quantum yields of both H2Ln (∼0.01) and the corresponding complexes.

  6. Photoinduced interactions of supramolecular ruthenium(II) complexes with plasmid DNA: synthesis and spectroscopic, electrochemical, and DNA photocleavage studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swavey, Shawn; DeBeer, Madeleine; Li, Kaiyu

    2015-04-06

    Two new bridging ligands have been synthesized by combining substituted benzaldehydes with phenanthrolinopyrrole (php), resulting in new polyazine bridging ligands. The ligands have been characterized by (1)H NMR, mass spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. These new ligands display π-π* transitions above 500 nm with modest molar absorptivities. Upon excitation at the ligand-centered charge-transfer transition, weak emission with a maximum wavelength of 612 nm is observed. When coordinated to two ruthenium(II) bis(bipyridyl) groups, the new bimetallic complexes generated give an overall 4+ charge. The electronic transitions of the bimetallic ruthenium(II) complexes display traditional π-π* transitions at 287 nm and metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transitions at 452 nm with molar absorptivities greater than 30000 M(-1) cm(-1). Oxidation of the ruthenium(II) metal centers to ruthenium(III) occurs at potentials above 1.4 V versus the Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Spectroscopic and electrochemical measurements indicate that the ruthenium(II) moieties behave independently. Both complexes are water-soluble and show the ability to photonick plasmid DNA when irradiated with low-energy light above 550 nm. In addition, one of the complexes, [Ru(bpy)2php]2Van(4+), shows the ability to linearize plasmid DNA and gives evidence, by gel electrophoresis, of photoinduced binding to plasmid DNA.

  7. Dipicolinate complexes of main group metals with hydrazinium cation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Some new coordination complexes of hydrazinium main group metal dipicolinate hydrates of formulae ... dipicolinate dianions and non-coordinating hydrazinium cations. Conductance measurements ... group metals, and the ability of dip2– to function as a tridentate ligand, we expect to find anionic complexes of the type ...

  8. Anti-Leishmania activity of new ruthenium(II) complexes: Effect on parasite-host interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Mônica S; Gonçalves, Yasmim G; Nunes, Débora C O; Napolitano, Danielle R; Maia, Pedro I S; Rodrigues, Renata S; Rodrigues, Veridiana M; Von Poelhsitz, Gustavo; Yoneyama, Kelly A G

    2017-10-01

    Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The many complications presented by the current treatment - including high toxicity, high cost and parasite resistance - make the development of new therapeutic agents indispensable. The present study aims to evaluate the anti-Leishmania potential of new ruthenium(II) complexes, cis‑[Ru II (η 2 -O 2 CR)(dppm) 2 ]PF 6 , with dppm=bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and R=4-butylbenzoate (bbato) 1, 4-(methylthio)benzoate (mtbato) 2 and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoate (hmxbato) 3, in promastigote cytotoxicity and their effect on parasite-host interaction. The cytotoxicity of complexes was analyzed by MTT assay against Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum promastigotes and the murine macrophage (RAW 264.7). The effect of complexes on parasite-host interaction was evaluated by in vitro infectivity assay performed in the presence of two different concentrations of each complex: the promastigote IC 50 value and the concentration nontoxic to 90% of RAW 264.7 macrophages. Complexes 1-3 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against all Leishmania species assayed. The IC 50 values ranged from 7.52-12.59μM (complex 1); 0.70-3.28μM (complex 2) and 0.52-1.75μM (complex 3). All complexes significantly inhibited the infectivity index at both tested concentrations. The infectivity inhibitions ranged from 37 to 85%. Interestingly, the infectivity inhibitions due to complex action did not differ significantly at either of the tested concentrations, except for the complex 1 against Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. The infectivity inhibitions resulted from reductions in both percentage of infected macrophages and number of parasites per macrophage. Taken together the results suggest remarkable leishmanicidal activity in vitro by these new ruthenium(II) complexes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. The effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of a ruthenium complex thin film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ocakoglu, Kasim, E-mail: kasim.ocakoglu@mersin.edu.tr [Advanced Technology Research & Application Center, Mersin University, TR-33343, Yenisehir, Mersin (Turkey); Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Mersin University, TR-33480 Mersin (Turkey); Okur, Salih, E-mail: salih.okur@ikc.edu.tr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir (Turkey); Aydin, Hasan [Izmir Institute of Technology, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Gulbahce Campus, 35430, Urla, Izmir (Turkey); Emen, Fatih Mehmet [Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, TR-15030 Burdur (Turkey)

    2016-08-01

    The stability of the optical parameters of a ruthenium polypyridyl complex (Ru-PC K314) film under varying annealing temperatures between 278 K and 673 K was investigated. The ruthenium polypyridyl complex thin film was prepared on a quartz substrate by drop casting technique. The transmission of the film was recorded by using Ultraviolet/Visible/Near Infrared spectrophotometer and the optical band gap energy of the as-deposited film was determined around 2.20 eV. The optical parameters such as refractive index, extinction coefficient, and dielectric constant of the film were determined and the annealing effect on these parameters was investigated. The results show that Ru PC K314 film is quite stable up to 595 K, and the rate of the optical band gap energy change was found to be 5.23 × 10{sup −5} eV/K. Furthermore, the thermal analysis studies were carried out in the range 298–673 K. The Differential Thermal Analysis/Thermal Gravimmetry/Differantial Thermal Gravimmetry curves show that the decomposition is incomplete in the temperature range 298–673 K. Ru-PC K314 is thermally stable up to 387 K. The decomposition starts at 387 K with elimination of functional groups such as CO{sub 2}, CO molecules and SO{sub 3}H group was eliminated between 614 K and 666 K. - Highlights: • Optical parameters of a ruthenium polypyridyl complex film under varying annealing temperatures • The film is quite stable up to 573 K. • The rate of change of optical energy gap was obtained as 5.23 × 10{sup −5} eV/K.

  10. The binding properties of some novel ruthenium (III complexes with human serum transferrin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae A.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The transferrin cycle gained increased interest in recent years and it holds promise as an attractive system for strategies of drug targeting to tumors. Neoplasic cells exhibit a large demand of iron and therefore express highly transferrin receptors. As a consequence, transferrin conjugates can preferentially interact with cancer cells. This strategy is exploited nowadays for targeting novel anti-cancer drugs. Recent data showed that ruthenium (III compounds possess antitumor and antimetastatic effects, due to their affinity for crucial biomolecules (like transferrin. Methods. The paper presents the transferrin-binding properties of some novel ruthenium (III complexes with general formula RuL2(DMSO mCl3·nH2O ((Ru-nf L: norfloxacin (nf, m = 1, n = 1; (Ru-cpx L: ciprofloxacin (cpx, m = 2, n = 2; (Ru-oflo L: ofloxacin (oflo, m = 1, n = 1; (Ru-levo L: levofloxacin (Levo, m = 2, n = 8; (Ru-pip L: pipemidic acid (pip, m = 1, n = 2, DMSO: dimethylsulfoxide. We investigated, in vitro, the interactions of these ligands with human transferrin through spectroscopic techniques, with the ultimate goal of preparing adducts with good selectivity for cancer cells. Results. All studied complexes interact with human serum transferrin; the molar ratio [complex]/[transferrin] strongly influences the binding affinity. Conclusions. The best interaction between the complexes studied and transferrin is achieved for a molar ratio of 8; the best interaction was registered for Ru-pip, followed by Ru-nf.

  11. Ruthenium(II) complexes as apoptosis inducers by stabilizing c-myc G-quadruplex DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhao; Wu, Qiong; Wu, Xiao-Hui; Sun, Fen-Yong; Chen, Lan-Mei; Chen, Jin-Chan; Yang, Shu-Ling; Mei, Wen-Jie

    2014-06-10

    Two ruthenium(II) complexes, [Ru(L)2(p-tFMPIP)](ClO4)2 (L = bpy, 1; phen, 2; p-tFMPIP = 2-(4-(trifluoromethyphenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5f][1,10] phenanthroline)), were prepared by microwave-assisted synthesis technology. The inhibitory activity evaluated by MTT assay shown that 2 can inhibit the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells with inhibitory activity (IC50) of 16.3 μM, which was related to the induction of apoptosis. Besides, 2 exhibit low toxicity against normal HAcat cells. The inhibitory growth activity of both complexes related to the induction of apoptosis was also confirmed. Furthermore, the studies on the interaction of both complexes with c-myc G4 DNA shown that 1 and 2 can stabilize the conformation of c-myc G4 DNA in groove binding mode, which has been rational explained by using DFT theoretical calculation methods. In a word, this type of ruthenium(II) complexes can act as potential apoptosis inducers with low toxicity in clinic by stabilizing c-myc G4 DNA. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Half -sand wish ruthenium complexes of heterocyclic-dithio carboxylato ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El-khateeb, M.; Al-Noaimi, M.; Harb, M.; Gorls, H.; Weigand, W.

    2008-01-01

    The heterocyclic-dithio carboxylato complexes Cp Ru(PPh 3 )(κ 2 S,S-S 2 C-h et) [h et= 2-C 4 H 3 O (1), 2-C 4 H 3 S (2), 1-C 4 H 8 N (3)] are obtained by the reaction of the ruthenium chloride, Cp Ru(PPh 3 ) 2 CI, with the anions, h et-CS 2 . The X-ray structure of Cp Ru(PPh 3 )(κ 2 S, S-S 2 C-1- C 4 H 8 N) (3) is determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Ruthenium(III) Complexes with Histamine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kljun, Jakob; Petriček, Saša; Žigon, Dušan; Hudej, Rosana; Miklavčič, Damijan; Turel, Iztok

    2010-01-01

    Novel ruthenium(III) complexes with histamine [RuCl4(dmso-S)(histamineH)] · H2O (1a) and [RuCl4(dmso-S)(histamineH)] (1b) have been prepared and characterized by X-ray structure analysis. Their crystal structures are similar and show a protonated amino group on the side chain of the ligand which is not very common for a simple heterocyclic derivative such as histamine. Biological assays to test the cytotoxicity of the compound 1b combined with electroporation were performed to determine its potential for future medical applications in cancer treatment. PMID:20631838

  14. Cyclometallated ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with 1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    robust and less sensitive to air and moisture.15,16. We have reported some cyclometallated platinum group metal ion complexes with pincer-like CNO- ..... by condensation reactions of equimolar amounts of. 1-pyrenecarboxaldehyde with the corresponding sub- stituted thiosemicarbazides in acidic ethanol by fol- lowing a ...

  15. Ruthenium, osmium and rhodium complexes of polypyridyl ligands ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Molecular structures of some of the complexes, especially stereoisomers of the hydroxylated products ... developed by covalent linking of building blocks with spacers which, therefore, is the key component because the .... the metal ion has the ability to form π-back-bonding with unsaturated ligands compensating partially ...

  16. Half-sandwich ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    structures presented as ORTEP diagrams for all the com- plexes were drawn with ORTEP-3 software.31 The packing diagrams for the molecular structures of all the complexes were drawn using Mercury 3.6 software.32. 2.2 Synthesis of ligand. A mixture of p-toulenesulphonyl hydrazine (200 mg,. 1.29 mmol) and dipyridyl ...

  17. Dual inhibition of topoisomerases I and IIα by ruthenium(II) complexes containing asymmetric tridentate ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Kejie; Liang, Jiewen; Wang, Yi; Kou, Junfeng; Qian, Chen; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2014-12-14

    Five novel ruthenium(II) complexes, [Ru(dtzp)(dppt)](2+) (1), [Ru(dtzp)(pti)](2+) (2), [Ru(dtzp)(ptn)](2+) (3), [Ru(dtzp)(pta)](2+) (4) and [Ru(dtzp)(ptp)](2+) (5) (where dtzp = 2,6-di(thiazol-2-yl)pyridine, dppt = 3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2-yl)-5,6-diphenyl-as-triazine), pti = 3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2-yl)-as-triazino-[5,6-f]isatin, ptn = 3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2-yl)-as-triazino[5,6-f]naphthalene, pta = 3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2-yl)-as-triazino[5,6-f]acenaphthylene, and ptp = 3-(1,10-phenanthroline-2-yl)-as-triazino[5,6-f]-phenanthrene), were synthesised and characterised. The structures of complexes 3-5 were determined by X-ray diffraction. The DNA binding behaviours of the complexes were studied by spectroscopic and viscosity measurements. The results suggested that the Ru(II) complexes, except for complex 1, bind to DNA in an intercalative mode. Topoisomerase inhibition and DNA strand passage assay confirmed that Ru(II) complexes 3, 4, and 5 acted as efficient dual inhibitors of topoisomerases I and IIα. In vitro cytotoxicity assays indicated that these complexes exhibited anticancer activity against various cancer cell lines. Ruthenium(ii) complexes were confirmed to preferentially accumulate in the nucleus of cancer cells and induced DNA damage. Flow cytometric analysis and AO/EB staining assays indicated that these complexes induced cell apoptosis. With the loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential, the Ru(ii) complexes induce apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway.

  18. Mechanism of water oxidation by trivalent ruthenium trisdipyridyl complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moravskij, A.P.; Khannanov, N.K.; Khramov, A.V.; Shafirovich, V.Ya.

    1983-01-01

    Results of kinetic investigation of water oxidation reaction with photogenerated single-electron oxidizer-trisdipyridyl complex of Ru(3) are presented. CoCl 2 x6H 2 O within the concentration range of [Co 2+ ] 0 =5x10 -7 - 5x10 -5 M was used as a reaction catalyst. The method of stopped flow with spectrophotometric recording was used in order to control the reaction kinetics

  19. Mathematical modelling of brittle phase precipitation in complex ruthenium containing nickel-based superalloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rettig, Ralf

    2010-01-01

    A new model has been developed in this work which is capable of simulating the precipitation kinetics of brittle phases, especially TCP-phases (topologically close packed phases) in ruthenium containing superalloys. The model simultaneously simulates the nucleation and the growth stage of precipitation for any number of precipitating phases. The CALPHAD method (Calculation of Phase Diagrams) is employed to calculate thermodynamic properties, such as the driving force or phase compositions in equilibrium. For calculation of diffusion coefficients, kinetic mobility databases which are also based on the CALPHAD-method are used. The model is fully capable of handling multicomponent effects, which are common in complex superalloys. Metastable phases can be treated and will automatically be dissolved if they get unstable. As the model is based on the general CALPHAD method, it can be applied to a broad range of precipitation processes in different alloys as long as the relevant thermodynamic and kinetic databases are available. The developed model proves that the TCP-phases precipitate in a sequence of phases. The first phase that is often formed is the metastable σ-phase because it has the lowest interface energy due to low-energy planes at the interface between matrix and precipitate. After several hundred hours the stable μ- and P-phases start to precipitate by nucleating at the σ-phase which is energetically favourable. During the growth of these stable phases the sigma-phase is continuously dissolved. It can be shown by thermodynamic CALPHAD calculations that the sigma-phase has a lower Gibbs free enthalpy than the μ- and P-phase. All required parameters of the model, such as interface energy and nucleate densities, have been estimated. The mechanisms of suppression of TCP-phase precipitation in the presence of ruthenium in superalloys were investigated with the newly developed model. It is shown by the simulations that ruthenium mostly affects the nucleation

  20. Characterisation and application of new carboxylic acid-functionalised ruthenium complexes as dye-sensitisers for solar cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duprez, Virginie; Biancardo, Matteo; Krebs, Frederik C

    2007-01-01

    A series of ruthenium complexes with and without TiO2, anchoring carboxylic acid groups have been synthesised and characterised using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), UV-vis and luminescence. These complexes were adsorbed on thin films of the wide band-gap semiconductor anatase and were tested a...

  1. Ruthenium polypyridyl complexes with anticancer properties : synthesis, characterization and mechanistic studies in search for structure-activity relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Corral Simón, Eva

    2007-01-01

    The perfect anticancer drug would kill cancer cells without causing any harm to the surrounding healthy tissues. That ideal medicine is searched for in this thesis, in the form of a ruthenium coordination complex. Metal complexes are known to interact with DNA in several different modes, amongst

  2. New carboxy-functionalized terpyridines as precursors for zwitterionic ruthenium complexes for polymer-based solar cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duprez, V.; Krebs, Frederik C

    2006-01-01

    New carboxy-terpyridines selectively functionalized at the 4-, 4'- and 4"-positions were prepared in a three-step procedure with good yields using, the Krohnke reaction followed by saponification. Their complexation with ruthenium led to symmetric and unsymmetric terpyridinyl zwitterionic complexes...

  3. Structural and catalytic properties of some azo-rhodanine Ruthenium(III) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoair, A. F.; El-Bindary, A. A.; Abd El-Kader, M. K.

    2017-09-01

    Novel azo-rhodanine ruthenium(III) complexes of the type trans-[Ru(Ln)2(AsPh3)2]Cl (Ln = monobasic bidentate anions of 5-(4‧-methoxyphenylazo)-3-phenylamino-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (HL1), 5-(phenylazo)-3-phenylamino-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (HL2) and 5-(4‧-chlorophenylazo)-3-phenylamino-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (HL3); AsPh3 = triphenylarsine) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic (IR, 1H NMR and UV-VIS), magnetic, X-ray diffraction, mass spectra and thermal analysis techniques. These techniques confirm the formation of octahedral ruthenium(III) complexes. The Ru(III) complexes were tested as a catalysts for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide as a co-oxidant. The effect of time, temperature, and solvent were also studied and the mechanism of this catalytic oxidation reaction is suggested. Molecular docking was used to predict the binding between azo rhodanine derivatives (HLn) with the receptor of 3qum- immune system receptor of human prostate specific antigen (PSA) in a Fab sandwich with a high affinity and a PCa selective antibody.

  4. Antiangiogenic ruthenium(ii) benzimidazole complexes, structure-based activation of distinct signaling pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Haoqiang; Zhao, Zhennan; Li, Linlin; Zheng, Wenjie; Chen, Tianfeng

    2015-03-01

    Antiangiogenic therapy is considered to be a promising strategy for the treatment of cancers. VEGF and its receptors are important angiogenic factors involved in tumor growth. In the present study, the new ruthenium(ii) complexes containing 2,6-bis(benzimidazolyl)pyridine have been identified as potent antiangiogenic agents in vitro and in vivo, through activation of distinct antiangiogenic signaling pathways. Specifically, [Ru(bbp)(p-mpip)Cl]ClO4 (complex , bbp = 2,6-bis(benzimidazolyl)pyridine; p-mpip = 2-(4-methylphenyl)imidazo[4,5-f]-1,10-phenanthroline) exhibited the highest antiangiogenic activity, as evidenced by significant suppression of neovessel formation in chick chorioallantoic membranes and blockage of the angiogenesis in a matrigel plugs assay, which are significantly higher than those of the most accepted anti-metastasis ruthenium-based drug NAMI-A. Generally, these kinds of complexes induced the G0/G1cell cycle by inhibiting the formation of a Cyclin D1/CDK4 complex and CDK2 activation, through up regulation of the expression levels of p15(INK4B), p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1). Moreover, the complexes also triggered intracellular DNA damage, and thus activated the phosphorylation of ATM, ATR, CHK1, Histone and p53. The suppression of Akt and ERK1/2 pathways reinforced the cell cycle perturbation effects of the complexes. Interestingly, complex displayed strong inhibition on the activation of VEGF and VEGFR-2 phosphorylation, which blocked the transmission of the mitogenic signal through Akt and ERK1/2 pathways, and thus enhanced cell cycle arrest. In contrast, we found that the most accepted anti-metastasis ruthenium based drug NAMI-A exerted lower antiangiogenic activity via activation of the DNA damage-mediated pathway, but showed no effects on VEGF and VEGFR-2 phosphorylation. Taken together, this study clearly demonstrates the distinct antiangiogenic mechanisms of metal complexes, and these kinds of complexes can be further developed as anti

  5. Syntheses and properties of phosphine-substituted ruthenium(II) polypyridine complexes with nitrogen oxides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Go; Kondo, Mio; Crisalli, Meredith; Lee, Sze Koon; Shibata, Akane; Ford, Peter C; Masaoka, Shigeyuki

    2015-10-21

    Four novel phosphine-substituted ruthenium(ii) polypyridine complexes with nitrogen oxides-trans(P,NO2)-[Ru(trpy)(Pqn)(NO2)]PF6 (trans-NO2), cis(P,NO2)-[Ru(trpy)(Pqn)(NO2)]PF6 (cis-NO2), [Ru(trpy)(dppbz)(NO2)]PF6 (PP-NO2), and cis(P,NO)-[Ru(trpy)(Pqn)(NO)](PF6)3 (cis-NO)-were synthesised (trpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, Pqn = 8-(diphenylphosphanyl)quinoline, and dppbz = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)benzene). The influence of the number and position of the phosphine group(s) on the electronic structure of these complexes was investigated using single-crystal X-ray structural analysis, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, and electrochemical measurements. The substitution lability of the nitrogen oxide ligand of each complex is discussed in comparison with that of the corresponding acetonitrile complexes.

  6. The synthesis, lipophilicity and cytotoxic effects of new ruthenium(II) arene complexes with chromone derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastuszko, Adam; Majchrzak, Kinga; Czyz, Malgorzata; Kupcewicz, Bogumiła; Budzisz, Elzbieta

    2016-06-01

    A series of arene ruthenium(II) complexes with the general formula [(η(6)-arene)Ru(L)X2] (where arene=p-cymene, benzene, hexamethylbenzene or mesitylene, L=aminoflavone or aminochromone derivatives and X=Cl, I) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, MS, IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The stability of the selected complexes was assessed by UV-Vis spectroscopy in 24-hour period. The lipophilicity of the synthesized complexes was determined by the shake-flask method, and their cytotoxicity evaluated in vitro on patient-derived melanoma populations. The most active complexes against melanoma cells contain 7-aminoflavone and 6-aminoflavone as a ligand. The relationship between the cytotoxicity of all the obtained compounds and their logP values was determined and briefly analyzed with two different patterns observed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Toward controlling water oxidation catalysis: tunable activity of ruthenium complexes with axial imidazole/DMSO ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Duan, Lele; Stewart, Beverly; Pu, Maoping; Liu, Jianhui; Privalov, Timofei; Sun, Licheng

    2012-11-14

    Using the combinations of imidazole and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as axial ligands and 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate (bda) as the equatorial ligand, we have synthesized six novel ruthenium complexes with noticeably different activity as water oxidation catalysts (WOCs). In four C(s) symmetric Ru(II)(κ(3)-bda)(DMSO)L(2) complexes L = imidazole (1), N-methylimidazole (2), 5-methylimidazole (3), and 5-bromo-N-methylimidazole (4). Additionally, in two C(2v) symmetric Ru(II)(κ(4)-bda)L(2) complexes L = 5-nitroimidazole (5) and 5-bromo-N-methylimidazole (6), that is, fully equivalent axial imidazoles. A detailed characterization of all complexes and the mechanistic investigation of the catalytic water oxidation have been carried out with a number of experimental techniques, that is, kinetics, electrochemistry and high resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We have observed the in situ formation of a Ru(II)-complex with the accessible seventh coordination position. The measured catalytic activities and kinetics of complex 1-6 revealed details about an important structure-activity relation: the connection between the nature of axial ligands in the combination and either the increase or decrease of the catalytic activity. In particular, an axial DMSO group substantially increases the turnover frequency of WOCs reported in the article, with the ruthenium-complex having one axial 5-bromo-N-methyl-imidazole and one axial DMSO (4), we have obtained a high initial turnover frequency of ∼180 s(-1). DFT modeling of the binuclear reaction pathway of the O-O bond formation in catalytic water oxidation further corroborated the concept of the mechanistic significance of the axial ligands and rationalized the experimentally observed difference in the activity of complexes with imidazole/DMSO and imidazole/imidazole combinations of axial ligands.

  8. Uranyl butyrate complexes with divalent cations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rojas, R.M.; Gonzalez, V.; Bermudez, J.; De Paz, M.L.

    1977-01-01

    Mixed uranium(VI) oxides with magnesium or manganese have been extensively studied. From the solid state reactions between uranium(VI) oxide and magnesium or manganese oxides, two different types of compound have been identified, MUO 4 and MU 3 O 10 , (M = Mg,Mn) and their crystallographic properties determinated. The formation of cubic magnesium uranate Mg, Usub(1-y)Osub(2+x) has also been reported and a similar phase for the manganese uranium oxide, MnU 2 O 6 , with a fluorite type structure has been described. In the present paper, the synthesis and thermal behaviour of two new uranyl butyrate complexes with magnesium and manganese are described. Taking into account the U/M ratio in these complexes, the processes of thermal decomposition have been investigated in detail. (author)

  9. Enantioselective syntheses of sulfoxides in octahedral ruthenium(II) complexes via a chiral-at-metal strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng-Zheng; Wen, A-Hao; Yao, Su-Yang; Ye, Bao-Hui

    2015-03-16

    The preparation of chiral 2-(alkylsulfinyl)phenol compounds by enantioselective coordination-oxidation of the thioether ruthenium complexes with a chiral-at-metal strategy has been developed. The enantiomerically pure sulfoxide complexes Δ-[Ru(bpy)2{(R)-LO-R}](PF6) (bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine, HLO-R is 2-(alkylsulfinyl)phenol, R = Me (Δ-1a), Et (Δ-2a), iPr (Δ-3a), Bn (Δ-4a), and Nap (Δ-5a)) and Λ-[Ru(bpy)2{(S)-LO-R}](PF6) (R = Me (Λ-1a), Et (Λ-2a), iPr (Λ-3a), Bn (Λ-4a), and Nap (Λ-5a)) have been synthesized by the reaction of Δ-[Ru(bpy)2(py)2](2+) or Λ-[Ru(bpy)2(py)2](2+) with the prochiral thioether ligands 2-(alkylthio)phenol (HL-R), followed by enantioselective oxidation with m-CPBA as oxidant. The X-ray crystallography was used to verify the stereochemistry of ruthenium complexes and sulfur atoms. The configurations of the ruthenium complexes are stable during the coordination and oxidation reactions. Moreover, the chiral sulfoxide ligands are enantioselectively generated by controlling of the configuration of ruthenium centers in the course of oxidation reaction. That is, the Λ configuration at the ruthenium center generates the S sulfoxide ligand; on the contrary, the Δ configuration of the ruthenium complex originates the R sulfoxide ligand. Acidolysis of Λ-[Ru(bpy)2{(R)-LO-R}](PF6) and Δ-[Ru(bpy)2{(S)-LO-R}](PF6) complexes in the presence of TFA-MeCN afforded the chiral ligands (R)-HLO-R and (S)-HLO-R in 96-99% ee values, respectively. Importantly, the chiral ruthenium complexes can be recycled as Δ/Λ-[Ru(bpy)2(MeCN)2](PF6)2 and reused in a next reaction cycle with complete retention of the configurations at ruthenium centers.

  10. Conformations of N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands in Ruthenium Complexes Relevant to Olefin Metathesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Ian C.; Benitez, Diego; O'Leary, Daniel J.; Tkatchouk, Ekaterina; Day, Michael W.; Goddard, William A.; Grubbs, Robert H.

    2009-01-01

    The structure of ruthenium-based olefin metathesis catalyst 3 and model π-complex 5 in solution and in the solid state are reported. The N-tolyl ligands, due to their lower symmetry than the traditional N-mesityl substituents, complicate this analysis, but ultimately provide explanation for the enhanced reactivity of 3 relative to standard catalyst 2. The tilt of the N-tolyl ring provides additional space near the ruthenium center, which is consistent with the enhanced reactivity of 3 towards sterically demanding substrates. Due to this tilt, the more sterically accessible face bears the two methyl substituents of the N-aryl rings. These experimental studies are supported by computational studies of these complexes by DFT. The experimental data provides a means to validate the accuracy of the B3LYP and M06 functionals. B3LYP provides geometries that match X-ray crystal structural data more closely, though it leads to slightly less (∼0.5 kcal mol−1) accuracy than M06 most likely because it underestimates attractive non-covalent interactions. PMID:19146414

  11. Ruthenium(ii) arene NSAID complexes: inhibition of cyclooxygenase and antiproliferative activity against cancer cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Poulami; Kundu, Bidyut Kumar; Vyas, Komal; Sabu, Vidya; Helen, A; Dhankhar, Sandeep Singh; Nagaraja, C M; Bhattacherjee, Debojit; Bhabak, Krishna Pada; Mukhopadhyay, Suman

    2018-01-02

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a group of molecules which have been found to be active against cancer cells with chemopreventive properties by targeting cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2) and lipoxygenase (LOX), commonly upregulated (particularly COX-2) in malignant tumors. Arene ruthenium(ii) complexes with a pseudo-octahedral coordination environment containing different ancillary ligands have shown remarkable activity against primary and metastatic tumors as reported earlier. This work describes the synthesis of four novel ruthenium(ii)-arene complexes viz. [Ru(η 6 -p-cymene)(nap)Cl] 1 [Hnap = naproxen or (S)-2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl)propionic acid], [Ru(η 6 -p-cymene)(diclo)Cl] 2 [Hdiclo = diclofenac or 2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino] benzeneacetic acid, [Ru(η 6 -p-cymene)(ibu)Cl] 3 [Hibu = ibuprofen or 2-(4-isobutylphenyl)propanoic acid] and [Ru(η 6 -p-cymene)(asp)Cl] 4 [Hasp = aspirin or 2-acetoxy benzoic acid] using different NSAIDs as chelating ligands. Complexes 1-3 have shown promising antiproliferative activity against three different cell lines with GI 50 (concentration of drug causing 50% inhibition of cell growth) values comparable to adriamycin. At the concentration of 50 μM, complex 3 is more effective in the inhibition of cyclooxygenase and lipooxygenase enzymes, followed by complex 2 and complex 1 in comparison to their respective free NSAID ligands indicating a possible correlation between the inhibition of COX and/or LOX and anticancer properties. Molecular docking studies with COX-2 reveal that complexes 1 and 2 having naproxen and diclofenac ligands exhibit stronger interactions with COX-2 than their respective free NSAIDs and these results are in good agreement with their relative experimentally observed COX inhibition as well as anti-proliferative activities.

  12. Ruthenium complexes as inhibitors of the aldo-keto reductases AKR1C1-1C3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traven, Katja; Sinreih, Maša; Stojan, Jure; Seršen, Sara; Kljun, Jakob; Bezenšek, Jure; Stanovnik, Branko; Turel, Iztok; Rižner, Tea Lanišnik

    2015-06-05

    The human aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) from the 1C subfamily are important targets for the development of new drugs. In this study, we have investigated the possible interactions between the recombinant AKR1C enzymes AKR1C1-AKR1C3 and ruthenium(II) complexes; in particular, we were interested in the potential inhibitory actions. Five novel ruthenium complexes (1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 2c), two precursor ruthenium compounds (P1, P2), and three ligands (a, b, c) were prepared and included in this study. Two different types of novel ruthenium(II) complexes were synthesized. First, bearing the sulphur macrocycle [9]aneS3, S-bonded dimethylsulphoxide (dmso-S), and an N,N-donor ligand, with the general formula of [Ru([9]aneS3)(dmso)(N,N-ligand)](PF6)2 (1a, 1b), and second, with the general formula of [(η(6)-p-cymene)RuCl(N,N-ligand)]Cl (2a, 2b, 2c). All of these synthesized compounds were characterized by high-resolution NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography (compounds a, b, c, 1a, 1b) and other standard physicochemical methods. To evaluate the potential inhibitory actions of these compounds on the AKR1C enzymes, we followed enzymatically catalyzed oxidation of the substrate 1-acenaphthenol by NAD(+) in the absence and presence of various micromolar concentrations of the individual compounds. Among 10 compounds, one ruthenium complex (2b) and two precursor ruthenium compounds (P1, P2) inhibited all three AKR1C enzymes, and one ruthenium complex (2a) inhibited only AKR1C3. Ligands a, b and c revealed no inhibition of the AKR1C enzymes. All four of the active compounds showed multiple binding with the AKR1C enzymes that was characterized by an initial instantaneous inhibition followed by a slow quasi-irreversible step. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that has examined interactions between these AKR1C enzymes and ruthenium(II) complexes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Synthesis, Characterization, and in Vitro Antitumor Activity of Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes Tethering EGFR-Inhibiting 4-Anilinoquinazolines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Jun; Kang, Yan; Zhao, Yao; Zheng, Wei; Zhang, Yang; Lin, Yu; Wang, Zhaoying; Wang, Yuanyuan; Luo, Qun; Wu, Kui; Wang, Fuyi

    2016-05-02

    Ruthenium-based anticancer complexes are promising antitumor agents for their low system toxicity and versatile chemical structures. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been found to be overexpressed in a broad range of tumor cells and is regarded as a drug target in developing novel antitumor drugs. In this work, five ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes containing EGFR-inhibiting 4-anilinoquinazoline pharmacophores were synthesized and characterized. These complexes showed both high EGFR-inhibiting activity and strong DNA minor groove-binding activity. In vitro antiproliferation screening demonstrated that the prepared ruthenium complexes are highly cytotoxic against a series of cancer cell lines, in particular non-small-cell lung A549 and human epidermoid carcinoma A431. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and fluorescence microscopy revealed that the most active complex, K4, induced much more late-stage cell apoptosis and necrosis than gefitinib, the first EGFR-targeting antitumor drug in clinical use. These results indicate that the ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes bearing EGFR-inhibiting 4-anilinoquinazolines possess highly active dual-targeting anticancer activity and are promising in developing new anticancer agents.

  14. Ruthenium(II) hydrazone Schiff base complexes: Synthesis, spectral study and catalytic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manikandan, R.; Viswanathamurthi, P.; Muthukumar, M.

    2011-12-01

    Ruthenium(II) hydrazone Schiff base complexes of the type [RuCl(CO)(B)(L)] (were B = PPh 3, AsPh 3 or Py; L = hydrazone Schiff base ligands) were synthesized from the reactions of hydrazone Schiff base ligand (obtained from isonicotinoylhydrazide and different hydroxy aldehydes) with [RuHCl(CO)(EPh 3) 2(B)] (where E = P or As; B = PPh 3, AsPh 3 or Py) in 1:1 molar ratio. All the new complexes have been characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, electronic, 1H, 13C and 31P NMR) data. They have been tentatively assigned an octahedral structure. The synthesized complexes have exhibited catalytic activity for oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde and cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone in the presence of N-methyl morpholine N-oxide (NMO) as co-oxidant. They were also found to catalyze the transfer hydrogenation of aliphatic and aromatic ketones to alcohols in KOH/Isopropanol.

  15. RutheniumII Complexes bearing Fused Polycyclic Ligands: From Fundamental Aspects to Potential Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludovic Troian-Gautier

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this review, we first discuss the photophysics reported in the literature for mononuclear ruthenium complexes bearing ligands with extended aromaticity such as dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (DPPZ, tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]-phenazine (TPPHZ,  tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]acridine (TPAC, 1,10-phenanthrolino[5,6-b]1,4,5,8,9,12-hexaazatriphenylene (PHEHAT 9,11,20,22-tetraaza- tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-l:2''',3'''-n]pentacene (TATPP, etc. Photophysical properties of binuclear and polynuclear complexes based on these extended ligands are then reported. We finally develop the use of binuclear complexes with extended π-systems for applications such as photocatalysis.

  16. X-Ray structure and cytotoxic activity of a picolinate ruthenium(II–arene complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IVANKA IVANOVIĆ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A ruthenium(II–arene complex with picolinic acid, [(η6-p-cymeneRuCl(pico]∙H2O, was prepared by the reaction of [(η6-p-cymeneRuCl2]2 with picolinic acid in a 1:2 molar ratio in 2-propanol. The compound was characterized by elemental analysis, and IR and NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the molecule adopts a “three-leg piano-stool” geometry, which is common for this type of complexes. The cytotoxic activity of the complex was tested in two human cancer cell lines HeLa (cervix and FemX (melanoma by MTT assay. The IC50 values were at 82.0 and 36.2 µmol dm-3 for HeLa and FemX cells, respectively.

  17. Synthesis and structures of ruthenium di- and tricarbonyl complexes derived from 4,5-diazafluoren-9-one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez, Jorge; Chakraborty, Indranil; Mascharak, Pradip

    2015-11-01

    Carbon monoxide (CO) has recently been shown to impart beneficial effects in mammalian physiology and considerable research attention is now being directed toward metal-carbonyl complexes as a means of delivering CO to biological targets. Two ruthenium carbonyl complexes, namely trans-dicarbonyldichlorido(4,5-diazafluoren-9-one-κ(2)N,N')ruthenium(II), [RuCl2(C11H6N2O)(CO)2], (1), and fac-tricarbonyldichlorido(4,5-diazafluoren-9-one-κN)ruthenium(II), [RuCl2(C11H6N2O)(CO)3], (2), have been isolated and structurally characterized. In the case of complex (1), the trans-directing effect of the CO ligands allows bidentate coordination of the 4,5-diazafluoren-9-one (dafo) ligand despite a larger bite distance between the N-donor atoms. In complex (2), the cis disposition of two chloride ligands restricts the ability of the dafo molecule to bind ruthenium in a bidentate fashion. Both complexes exhibit well defined (1)H NMR spectra confirming the diamagnetic ground state of Ru(II) and display a strong absorption band around 300 nm in the UV.

  18. Synthesis and Catalytic Activity of Ruthenium-Indenylidene Complexes for Olefin Metathesis: Microscale Experiments for the Undergraduate Inorganic or Organometallic Laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappenfus, Ted M.; Hermanson, David L.; Ekerholm, Daniel P.; Lilliquist, Stacie L.; Mekoli, Megan L.

    2007-01-01

    A series of experiments for undergraduate laboratory courses (e.g., inorganic, organometallic or advanced organic) have been developed. These experiments focus on understanding the design and catalytic activity of ruthenium-indenylidene complexes for olefin metathesis. Included in the experiments are the syntheses of two ruthenium-indenylidene…

  19. Bis(bipyridine)ruthenium(II) complexes with an aliphatic sulfinato donor: synthesis, characterization, and properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Motoshi; Tsuge, Kiyoshi; Igashira-Kamiyama, Asako; Konno, Takumi

    2011-06-06

    Treatment of a thiolato-bridged Ru(II)Ag(I)Ru(II) trinuclear complex, [Ag{Ru(aet)(bpy)(2)}(2)](3+) (aet = 2-aminoethanthiolate; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), with NaI in aqueous ethanol under an aerobic condition afforded a mononuclear ruthenium(II) complex having an S-bonded sulfinato group, [1](+) ([Ru(aesi-N, S)(bpy)(2)](+) (aesi = 2-aminoethanesulfinate)). Similar treatment of optically active isomers of an analogous Ru(II)Ag(I)Ru(II) trinuclear complex, Δ(D)Δ(D)- and Λ(D)Λ(D)-[Ag{Ru(d-Hpen-O,S)(bpy)(2)}(2)](3+) (d-pen = d-penicillaminate), with NaI also produced mononuclear ruthenium(II) isomers with an S-bonded sulfinato group, Δ(D)- and Λ(D)-[2](+) ([Ru(d-Hpsi-O,S)(bpy)(2)](+) (d-psi = d-penicillaminesulfinate)), respectively, retaining the bidentate-O,S coordination mode of a d-Hpen ligand and the absolute configuration (Δ or Λ) about a Ru(II) center. On refluxing in water, the Δ(D) isomer of [2](+) underwent a linkage isomerization to form Δ(D)-[3] (+) ([Ru(d-Hpsi-N,S)(bpy)(2)](+)), in which a d-Hpsi ligand coordinates to a Ru(II) center in a bidentate-N,S mode. Complexes [1](+), Δ(D)- and Λ(D)-[2](+), and Δ(D)-[3](+) were fully characterized by electronic absorption, CD, NMR, and IR spectroscopies, together with single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The electrochemical properties of these complexes, which are highly dependent on the coordination mode of sulfinate ligands, are also described. © 2011 American Chemical Society

  20. Synthesis and Structural Evaluation of Organo-Ruthenium Complexes with β-Diketonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uršič, Matija; Lipec, Tanja; Meden, Anton; Turel, Iztok

    2017-02-20

    Four novel ruthenium organometallic complexes: [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-bromophenyl)-1,3-butanedione)Cl] ( 1 ), [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-bromophenyl)-1,3-butanedione)pta]PF₆ ( 2 ), [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-iodophenyl)-1,3-butanedione)Cl] ( 3 ) and [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-iodophenyl)-1,3-butanedione)pta]PF₆ ( 4 ) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared (IR), UV-Vis, NMR and mass spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structures and spectroscopic data were compared to the previously published complexes [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-chloro-phenyl)-1,3-butanedione)Cl] ( 5 ) and [(η⁶- p -cymene)Ru(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3-butanedione)pta]PF₆ ( 6 ). The pairs of complexes 1 and 3 as well as 2 and 4 are isostructural, with the former crystallizing in triclinic P-1 and the latter in monoclinic P2₁/c. The ruthenium(II) ion is found in a pseudo-octahedral "piano-stool" geometry in all compounds. Bond lengths and angles are consistent with other complexes of this type. Complexes 2 and 4 exhibit some moderate dynamic disorder. The lack of hydrogen bonding and major π-π interactions means that most of intramolecular interactions are fairly weak and involve halogen atoms present. This was further confirmed by ¹H-NMR spectra, where a significant difference is observed only on the ligand near the halogen atom, following an expected trend. The combined data show that the difference in any activity depends substantially on the type of the ligand's substituted halogen atom.

  1. Water soluble (Eta sup (6) - arene) ruthenium (II) complexes incorporating marine derived bioligand: Synthesis, spectral and structural studies

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, K.S.; Svitlyk, V.; PrabhaDevi; Mozharivskyj, Y.

    of 8 molecules per unit cell of which two independent molecules are shown in figure 1. The distance between centroid of the ring and ruthenium for molecule A is 1.641 Å while for molecule B is 1.648 Å. The structure showed shorter bond distance of C...). The complex crystallizes in P1 space group in a 12 triclinic crystal system. The distance between centroid of p-cymene ring and ruthenium are 1.562 Å and 1.759 Å, respectively. The molecule adopt the well known piano stool structure where the bond angle N...

  2. Bimetallic octahedral ruthenium-nickel carbido cluster complexes. Synthesis and structural characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Sumit; Zhu, Lei; Captain, Burjor

    2013-03-04

    The reaction of Ru5(CO)15(μ5-C) with Ni(COD)2 in acetonitrile at 80 °C affords the bimetallic octahedral ruthenium-nickel cluster complex Ru5Ni(NCMe)(CO)15(μ6-C), 3. The acetonitrile ligand in 3 can be replaced by CO and NH3 to yield Ru5Ni(CO)16(μ6-C), 4, and Ru5Ni(NH3)(CO)15(μ6-C), 5, respectively. Photolysis of compound 3 in benzene and toluene solvent yielded the η(6)-coordinated benzene and toluene Ru5Ni carbido cluster complexes Ru5Ni(CO)13(η(6)-C6H6)(μ6-C), 6, and Ru5Ni(CO)13(η(6)-C7H8)(μ6-C), 7, respectively. All five new compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses.

  3. An efficient synthesis and in vitro antibacterial evaluation of ruthenium-quinolinol complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malipeddi, Mahima; Lakhani, Chirag; Chhabra, Mohit; Paira, Priyankar; Vidya, R

    2015-08-01

    A series of ruthenium-quinolinol complexes were synthesized using a simple and effective pathway and their in vitro antibacterial activity against various resistant gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria were evaluated. It was established that compound [(η6-pcymene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5,7-dibromo-HyQ)]·Cl (3b) & [(η6-pcymene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5,7-dibromo-HyQ)]·Cl (3e) were significantly active against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis &Salmonella sp. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by the analysis of spectroscopic data. The stability of complex [(η6-pcymene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5,7-dibromo-HyQ)]·Cl (3b) was measured by UV spectroscopy & time dependent NMR spectroscopy. Compound 3b also shows remarkable fluorescence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Ruthenium Complexes with Vinyl, Styryl, and Vinylpyrenyl Ligands: A Case of Non-Innocence in Organometallic Chemistry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Maurer, J.; Linseis, M.; Sarkar, B.; Schwederski, B.; Niemeyer, M.; Kaim, W.; Záliš, Stanislav; Anson, Ch.; Zabel, M.; Winter, R. F.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 130, č. 1 (2008), s. 259-268 ISSN 0002-7863 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1ET400400413; GA MŠk OC 139 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : ruthenium complexes * organometallic chemistry * vinyl Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 8.091, year: 2008

  5. Mitochondrial fragmentation is an important cellular event induced by ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes in osteosarcoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Yanxin; Fu, Xiaoyan; Li, Hong; Chen, Bolai; Guo, Yuhai; Su, Guoyi; Zhang, Hu; Ning, Feipeng; Lin, Yongpeng; Mei, Wenjie; Chen, Tianfeng

    2014-04-01

    A series of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activities. The results showed that ruthenium polypyridyl complexes, especially [Ru(bpy)2 (p-tFPIP)](2+) (2 a; bpy=bipyridine, tFPIP=2-(2-trifluoromethane phenyl)imidazole[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline), exhibited novel anticancer activity against human cancer cell lines, but with less toxicity to a human normal cell line. The results of flow cytometry and caspase activities analysis indicated that the 2 a-induced growth inhibition against MG-63 osteosarcoma cells was mainly caused by mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation as detected by TUNEL-DAPI co-staining further confirmed 2 a-induced apoptotic cell death. Further, fluorescence imaging revealed that ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes could target mitochondria to induce mitochondrial fragmentation, accompanied by depletion of mitochondrial membrane potential. Taken together, these findings suggest a potential application of theses ruthenium(II) complexes in the treatment of cancers. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. The thermodynamic effects of ligand structure on the molecular recognition of mononuclear ruthenium polypyridyl complexes with B-DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes (RPCs), [(phen)2Ru(tatpp)]Cl2 (3Cl2) and [(phen)2Ru (tatpp)Ru(phen)2]Cl4 (4Cl4), containing the large planar and redox-active tetraazatetrapyrido- pentacene (tatpp) ligand, cleave DNA in the presence of reducing agents in cell-free assays and show significant...

  7. Mono and dinuclear iridium, rhodium and ruthenium complexes containing chelating carboxylato pyrazine ligands: Synthesis, molecular structure and electrochemistry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Govindaswamy, P.; Therrien, B.; Süss-Fink, G.; Štěpnička, P.; Ludvík, Jiří

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 692, č. 8 (2007), s. 1661-1671 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC510; GA MŠk(CZ) LC06070 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : dinuclear complexes * iridium * rhodium * ruthenium * electrochemistry Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 2.168, year: 2007

  8. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes as mitochondria-targeted two-photon photodynamic anticancer agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiangping; Chen, Yu; Li, Guanying; Zhang, Pingyu; Jin, Chengzhi; Zeng, Leli; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2015-07-01

    Clinical acceptance of photodynamic therapy is currently hindered by poor depth efficacy and inefficient activation of the cell death machinery in cancer cells during treatment. To address these issues, photoactivation using two-photon absorption (TPA) is currently being examined. Mitochondria-targeted therapy represents a promising approach to target tumors selectively and may overcome the resistance in current anticancer therapies. Herein, four ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes (RuL1-RuL4) have been designed and developed to act as mitochondria-targeted two-photon photodynamic anticancer agents. These complexes exhibit very high singlet oxygen quantum yields in methanol (0.74-0.81), significant TPA cross sections (124-198 GM), remarkable mitochondrial accumulation, and deep penetration depth. Thus, RuL1-RuL4 were utilized as one-photon and two-photon absorbing photosensitizers in both monolayer cells and 3D multicellular spheroids (MCSs). These Ru(II) complexes were almost nontoxic towards cells and 3D MCSs in the dark and generate sufficient singlet oxygen under one- and two-photon irradiation to trigger cell death. Remarkably, RuL4 exhibited an IC50 value as low as 9.6 μM in one-photon PDT (λirr = 450 nm, 12 J cm(-2)) and 1.9 μM in two-photon PDT (λirr = 830 nm, 800 J cm(-2)) of 3D MCSs; moreover, RuL4 is an order of magnitude more toxic than cisplatin in the latter test system. The combination of mitochondria-targeting and two-photon activation provides a valuable paradigm to develop ruthenium(II) complexes for PDT applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. IRMPD Action Spectroscopy of Alkali Metal Cation-Cytosine Complexes: Effects of Alkali Metal Cation Size on Gas Phase Conformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, B.; Wu, R.R.; Polfer, N.C.; Berden, G.; Oomens, J.; Rodgers, M.T.

    2013-01-01

    The gas-phase structures of alkali metal cation-cytosine complexes generated by electrospray ionization are probed via infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. IRMPD action spectra of five alkali metal cation-cytosine complexes exhibit both

  10. Synthesis, photo-, and electrochemistry of ruthenium bis(bipyridine) complexes comprising a N-heterocyclic carbene ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, Vivienne; Ghattas, Wadih; Lalrempuia, Ralte; Müller-Bunz, Helge; Pryce, Mary T; Albrecht, Martin

    2013-05-06

    Analogues of [Ru(bpy)3](2+) were prepared in which one pyridine ligand site is substituted by a N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand, that is, either by an imidazolylidene with a variable wingtip group R (R = Me, 3a; R = Et, 3b; R = iPr, 3c), or by a benzimidazolylidene (Me wingtip group, 3d), or by a 1,2,3-triazolylidene (Me wingtip group, 3e). All complexes were characterized spectroscopically, photophysically, and electrochemically. An increase of the size of the wingtip groups from Me to Et or iPr groups distorts the octahedral geometry (NMR spectroscopy) and curtails the reversibility of the ruthenium oxidation. NHC ligands with methyl wingtip groups display reversible ruthenium oxidation at a potential that reflects the donor properties of the NHC ligand (triazolylidene > imidazolylidene > benzimidazolylidene). The most attractive properties were measured for the triazolylidene ruthenium complex 3e, featuring the smallest gap between the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) in the series (2.41 eV), a slightly red-shifted absorption profile, and reasonable excited-state lifetime (188 ns) when compared to [Ru(bpy)3](2+). These features demonstrate the potential utility of triazolylidene ruthenium complexes as photosensitizers for solar energy conversion.

  11. Synthesis and Catalytic Hydrogen Transfer Reaction of Ruthenium(II) Complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Son, Jung Ik; Kim, Aram; Noh, Hui Bog; Lee, Hyun Ju; Shim, Yoon Bo; Park, Kang Hyun

    2012-01-01

    The ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(bpy) 2 -(PhenTPy)] was synthesized, and used for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones and the desired products were obtained in good yield. Based on the presented results, transition-metal complexes can be used as catalysts for a wide range of organic transformations. The relationship between the electro-reduction current density and temperature are being examined in this laboratory. Attempts to improve the catalytic activity and determine the transfer hydrogenation mechanism are currently in progress. The catalytic hydrogenation of a ketone is a basic and critical process for making many types of alcohols used as the final products and precursors in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, flavor, fragrance, materials, and fine chemicals industries. The catalytic hydrogenation process developed by Noyori is a very attractive process. Formic acid and 2-propanol have been used extensively as hydrogenation sources. The advantage of using 2-propanol as a hydrogen source is that the only side product will be acetone, which can be removed easily during the workup process. Hydrogen transfer (HT) catalysis, which generates alcohols through the reduction of ketones, is an attractive protocol that is used widely. Ruthenium(II) complexes are the most useful catalysts for the hydrogen transfer (HT) of ketones. In this method, a highly active catalytic system employs a transition metal as a catalyst to synthesize alcohols, and is a replacement for the hydrogen-using hydrogenation process. The most active system is based on Ru, Rh and Ir, which includes a nitrogen ligand that facilitates the formation of a catalytically active hydride and phosphorus

  12. Synthesis and Catalytic Hydrogen Transfer Reaction of Ruthenium(II) Complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Son, Jung Ik; Kim, Aram; Noh, Hui Bog; Lee, Hyun Ju; Shim, Yoon Bo; Park, Kang Hyun [Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-01-15

    The ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(bpy){sub 2}-(PhenTPy)] was synthesized, and used for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones and the desired products were obtained in good yield. Based on the presented results, transition-metal complexes can be used as catalysts for a wide range of organic transformations. The relationship between the electro-reduction current density and temperature are being examined in this laboratory. Attempts to improve the catalytic activity and determine the transfer hydrogenation mechanism are currently in progress. The catalytic hydrogenation of a ketone is a basic and critical process for making many types of alcohols used as the final products and precursors in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, flavor, fragrance, materials, and fine chemicals industries. The catalytic hydrogenation process developed by Noyori is a very attractive process. Formic acid and 2-propanol have been used extensively as hydrogenation sources. The advantage of using 2-propanol as a hydrogen source is that the only side product will be acetone, which can be removed easily during the workup process. Hydrogen transfer (HT) catalysis, which generates alcohols through the reduction of ketones, is an attractive protocol that is used widely. Ruthenium(II) complexes are the most useful catalysts for the hydrogen transfer (HT) of ketones. In this method, a highly active catalytic system employs a transition metal as a catalyst to synthesize alcohols, and is a replacement for the hydrogen-using hydrogenation process. The most active system is based on Ru, Rh and Ir, which includes a nitrogen ligand that facilitates the formation of a catalytically active hydride and phosphorus.

  13. Exploring the Interaction of Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes with DNA Using Single-Molecule Techniques†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihailovic, Aleksandra; Vladescu, Ioana; McCauley, Micah; Ly, Elaine; Williams, Mark C.; Spain, Eileen M.; Nuñez, Megan E.

    2008-01-01

    Here we explore DNA binding by a family of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes using an atomic force microscope (AFM) and optical tweezers. We demonstrate using AFM that Ru(bpy)2dppz2+ intercalates into DNA (Kb= 1.5 × 105 M−1), as does its close relative Ru(bpy)2dppx2+ (Kb= 1.5 × 105 M−1). However, intercalation by Ru(phen)32+ and other Ru(II) complexes with Kb's lower than Ru(bpy)2dppz2+ are difficult to determine using AFM because of competing aggregation and surface-binding phenomena. At the high Ru(II) concentrations required to evaluate intercalation, most of the DNA strands acquire a twisted, curled conformation that is impossible to measure accurately. The condensation of DNA on mica in the presence of polycations is well known, but it clearly precludes the accurate assessment by AFM of DNA intercalation by most Ru(II) complexes, though not by ethidium bromide and other monovalent intercalators. When stretching individual DNA molecules using optical tweezers the same limitation on high metal concentration does not exist. Using optical tweezers we show that Ru(phen)2dppz2+ intercalates avidly (Kb = 3.2 × 106 M−1) while Ru(bpy)32+ does not intercalate, even at micromolar ruthenium concentrations. Ru(phen)32+ is shown to intercalate weakly, i.e. at micromolar concentrations (Kb= 8.8 × 103 M−1). The distinct differences in DNA stretching behavior between Ru(phen)32+ and Ru(bpy)32+ clearly illustrate that intercalation can be distinguished from groove binding by pulling the DNA with optical tweezers. Our results demonstrate both the benefits and challenges of two single-molecule methods in exploring DNA binding, and help to elucidate the mode of binding of Ru(phen)32+. PMID:16649785

  14. From cation to oxide: hydroxylation and condensation of aqueous complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jolivet, J.P.

    1997-01-01

    Hydroxylation, condensation and precipitation of metal cations in aqueous solution are briefly reviewed. Hydroxylation of aqueous complexes essentially depends on the format charge (oxidation state), the size and the pH of the medium. It is the step allowing the condensation reaction. Depending on the nature of complexes (aqua-hydroxo, oxo-hydroxo), the. mechanism of condensation is different, olation or ox-olation respectively. The first one leads to poly-cations or hydroxides more or less stable against dehydration. The second one leads to poly-anions or oxides. Oligomeric species (poly-cations, poly-anions) are form from charged monomer complexes while the formation of solid phases requires non-charged precursors. Because of their high lability, charged oligomers are never the precursors of solids phases. The main routes for the formation of solid phases from solution are studied with two important and representative elements, Al and Si. For Al 3+ ions, different methods (base addition in solution, thermo-hydrolysis, hydrothermal synthesis) are discussed in relation to the crystal structure of the solid phase obtained. For silicic species condensing by ox-olation, the role of acid or base catalysis on the morphology of gels is studied. The influence of complexing ligands on the processes and on the characteristics of solids (morphology of particles, basic salts and polymetallic oxides formation) is studied. (author)

  15. An investigation on new ruthenium(II) hydrazone complexes as anticancer agents and their interaction with biomolecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alagesan, Mani; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai S P; Dharmaraj, Nallasamy

    2014-04-28

    A new set of ruthenium(II) hydrazone complexes [Ru(H)(CO)(PPh3)2(L)] (1) and [RuCl2(DMSO)2(HL)] (2), with triphenyl phosphine or DMSO as co-ligands was synthesized by reacting benzoyl pyridine furoic acid hydrazone (HL) with [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(PPh3)3] and [RuCl2(DMSO)4]. The single crystal X-ray data of complexes 1 and 2 revealed an octahedral geometry around the ruthenium ion in which the hydrazone is coordinated through ON and NN atoms in complexes 1 and 2 respectively. The interaction of the compounds with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been estimated by absorption and emission titration methods which indicated that the ligand and the complexes interacted with CT-DNA through intercalation. In addition, the DNA cleavage ability of these newly synthesized ruthenium complexes assessed by an agarose gel electrophoresis method demonstrated that complex 2 has a higher DNA cleavage activity than that of complex 1. The binding properties of the free ligand and its complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein have been investigated using UV-visible, fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopic methods which indicated the stronger binding nature of the ruthenium complexes to BSA than the free hydrazone ligand. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of the compounds examined in vitro on a human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) and a normal mouse embryonic fibroblasts cell line (NIH 3T3) revealed that complex 2 exhibited a superior cytotoxicity than complex 1 to the cancer cells but was less toxic to the normal mouse embryonic fibroblasts under identical conditions.

  16. Synthesis and spectral studies on monometallic ruthenium (III complexes of N-(2-hydroxysalicyliden-1-ylmethylenebenzoylhydrazide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.K. Kar

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available A novel Schiff base ligand (H2L derived from the condensation of benzoyl hydrazine and salicylaldehyde and its metal complexes with Ru (III ion has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, thermal analysis (TGA, conductance measurements, magnetic moments IR, UV–vis spectra. The complexes were given the formulae [Ru(L-HCl2(H2O] (1, [Ru(L-HCl2(py] (2, [Ru(L-HCl2(2-pic] (3, [Ru(L-HCl2(3-pic] (4, [Ru(L-HCl2(4-pic] (5. Molar conductance in DMF (N,N-dimethyl formamide solution indicates that the complexes are non-electrolytes. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that all the complexes are mononuclear and one-electron paramagnetic. Electronic spectral studies suggest six coordinate metal ions in its complexes. IR spectra reveal that H2L ligand coordinates in keto-form to ruthenium metal ion in its complexes. ESR studies of the complexes are also reported.

  17. Synthesis, spectral, dna binding and cleavage properties of ruthenium(II Schiff base complexes containing PPh3/AsPh3 as co-ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sathiyaraj Subbaiyan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A dihydroxybenzaldehyde Schiff base ligands (L1-L3 and its ruthenium(II complexes, have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, 31P NMR, mass spectra, UV-vis and IR spectra. The binding of ruthenium(II complexes have been investigated by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. The experiment reveals that all the compounds can bind to DNA through an electrostatic mode and intrinsic binding constant (Kb has been estimated under similar set of experimental conditions. Absorption spectral study indicate that the ruthenium(II complexes has intrinsic binding constant in the range of 1.6-8.6 X 104 M-1. The complex [Ru(CO(PPh32(L3] bind more strongly than that of the other complexes. In addition, DNA cleavage property were tested for all ruthenium(II complexes.

  18. Synthesis of phosphonic acid derivatized bipyridine ligands and their ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Michael R; Concepcion, Javier J; Glasson, Christopher R K; Fang, Zhen; Lapides, Alexander M; Ashford, Dennis L; Templeton, Joseph L; Meyer, Thomas J

    2013-11-04

    Water-stable, surface-bound chromophores, catalysts, and assemblies are an essential element in dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cells for the generation of solar fuels by water splitting and CO2 reduction to CO, other oxygenates, or hydrocarbons. Phosphonic acid derivatives provide a basis for stable chemical binding on metal oxide surfaces. We report here the efficient synthesis of 4,4'-bis(diethylphosphonomethyl)-2,2'-bipyridine and 4,4'-bis(diethylphosphonate)-2,2'-bipyridine, as well as the mono-, bis-, and tris-substituted ruthenium complexes, [Ru(bpy)2(Pbpy)](2+), [Ru(bpy)(Pbpy)2](2+), [Ru(Pbpy)3](2+), [Ru(bpy)2(CPbpy)](2+), [Ru(bpy)(CPbpy)2](2+), and [Ru(CPbpy)3](2+) [bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; Pbpy = 4,4'-bis(phosphonic acid)-2,2'-bipyridine; CPbpy = 4,4'-bis(methylphosphonic acid)-2,2'-bipyridine].

  19. Dehydrogenation of Formic Acid Catalyzed by a Ruthenium Complex with an N,N′-Diimine Ligand

    KAUST Repository

    Guan, Chao

    2016-12-17

    We report a ruthenium complex containing an N,N′-diimine ligand for the selective decomposition of formic acid to H and CO in water in the absence of any organic additives. A turnover frequency of 12000 h and a turnover number of 350 000 at 90 °C were achieved in the HCOOH/HCOONa aqueous solution. Efficient production of high-pressure H and CO (24.0 MPa (3480 psi)) was achieved through the decomposition of formic acid with no formation of CO. Mechanistic studies by NMR and DFT calculations indicate that there may be two competitive pathways for the key hydride transfer rate-determining step in the catalytic process.

  20. Osmium, ruthenium, iridium and uranium in silicates and chromite from the eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gijbels, R.h.; Millard, H.T.; Desborough, G.A.; Bartel, A.J.

    1974-01-01

    Osmium, ruthenium, iridium and uranium contents were determined in eight ortho pyroxene, seven plagioclase, and three chromite mineral separates from the eastern Bushveld Complex. Neutron activation analysis was used to measure the platinum metals, and uranium was determined by a fission track technique. The platinum metals were found to be present within each mine??ral in the proportions Os:Ru:Ir = 1:7:1, while the concentrations of these metals in the minerals are in the ratios orthopyroxene:plagioclase:chromite = 1:16:700. The concentration of uranium was found to range from 11 to 66 ppb (parts per billion) and not to vary significantly from mineral to mineral. The data for the platinum metals are consistent with a model in which the eastern Bushveld Complex was formed by the fractional crystallization of two separately injected magmas. A computer fit of this model to these data indicates that the initial concentrations of Os, Ru and Ir in the first magma were 0.24, 2.0 and 0.21 ppb and in the second magma were 0.16, 1.1 and 0.18 ppb, respectively. The fit also yields the distribution coefficients for the partitioning between the liquid and cumulus orthopyroxene, cumulus plagioclase and cumulus chromite. These coefficients (mineral/liquid) for osmium are 4.5, 66 and 2700; for ruthenium, they are 5, 65 and 2700; and for iridium, they are 4, 60 and 1600. To make this fit, it was necessary to hypothesize the existence of two types of chromite: one type with a large distribution coefficient, presumably formed as a cumulus phase at high temperature, and another, more prevalent type with a smaller distribution coefficient, which may have been formed by postcumulus growth at a lower temperature. This hypothesis is supported by data for coexisting chromite-silicate pairs, which indicate that the chromite grains expelled these platinum metals as they cooled. ?? 1974.

  1. Cyclometalated Ruthenium(II) Anthraquinone Complexes Exhibit Strong Anticancer Activity in Hypoxic Tumor Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Leli; Chen, Yu; Huang, Huaiyi; Wang, Jinquan; Zhao, Donglei; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2015-10-19

    Hypoxia is the critical feature of the tumor microenvironment that is known to lead to resistance to many chemotherapeutic drugs. Six novel ruthenium(II) anthraquinone complexes were designed and synthesized; they exhibit similar or superior cytotoxicity compared to cisplatin in hypoxic HeLa, A549, and multidrug-resistant (A549R) tumor cell lines. Their anticancer activities are related to their lipophilicity and cellular uptake; therefore, these physicochemical properties of the complexes can be changed by modifying the ligands to obtain better anticancer candidates. Complex 1, the most potent member of the series, is highly active against hypoxic HeLa cancer cells (IC50 =0.53 μM). This complex likely has 46-fold better activity than cisplatin (IC50 =24.62 μM) in HeLa cells. This complex tends to accumulate in the mitochondria and the nucleus of hypoxic HeLa cells. Further mechanistic studies show that complex 1 induced cell apoptosis during hypoxia through multiple pathways, including those of DNA damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and the inhibition of DNA replication and HIF-1α expression, making it an outstanding candidate for further in vivo studies. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Preparation, spectroscopy, EXAFS, electrochemistry and pharmacology of new ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes containing ferrocenylthiosemicarbazone and triphenylphosphine/arsine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhakaran, R.; Anantharaman, S.; Thilagavathi, M.; Kaveri, M. V.; Kalaivani, P.; Karvembu, R.; Dharmaraj, N.; Bertagnolli, H.; Dallemer, F.; Natarajan, K.

    2011-02-01

    A new series of new hetero-bimetallic complexes containing iron and ruthenium of the general formula [RuCl(CO)(B)(EPh 3)(L)] (where E = P or As; B = PPh 3, AsPh 3, py or pip; L = ferrocene derived monobasic bidentate thiosemicarbazone ligand) have been synthesized by the reaction between ferrocene-derived thiosemicarbazones and ruthenium(II) complexes of the type [RuHCl(CO)(B)(EPh 3) 2] (where E = P or As; B = PPh 3, AsPh 3, py or pip). The new complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, electronic, NMR ( 1H, 13C and 31P), EXAFS (extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy) and cyclic voltammetric techniques. Antibacterial activity of the new complexes has been screened against Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa species.

  3. A Theoretical Study of the N to O Linkage Photoisomerization Efficiency in a Series of Ruthenium Mononitrosyl Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Sanz García

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes are fascinating versatile photoactive molecules that can either undergo NO linkage photoisomerization or NO photorelease. The photochromic response of three ruthenium mononitrosyl complexes, trans-[RuCl(NO(py4]2+, trans-[RuBr(NO(py4]2+, and trans-(Cl,Cl[RuCl2(NO(tpy]+, has been investigated using density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory. The N to O photoisomerization pathways and absorption properties of the various stable and metastable species have been computed, providing a simple rationalization of the photoconversion trend in this series of complexes. The dramatic decrease of the N to O photoisomerization efficiency going from the first to the last complex is mainly attributed to an increase of the photoproduct absorption at the irradiation wavelength, rather than a change in the photoisomerization pathways.

  4. 3-Methylindole-Based Tripodal Tetraphosphine Ruthenium Complexes in N2 Coordination and Reduction and Formic Acid Dehydrogenation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Watering, F.F.; Heijtbrink, N.; van der Vlugt, J.I.; Dzik, W.I.; de Bruin, B.; Reek, J.N.H.

    2017-01-01

    The ruthenium(II) complexes RuCl2L1H, RuCl2L1CF3, RuCl2L1OMe and RuCl2L2H were synthesized from [Ru(η6-benzene)Cl(μ-Cl)]2 and the corresponding tripodal tris-3-methylindolephosphine-based ligands L1H, L1CF3, L1OMe, and L2H. Stoichiometric reduction of these complexes with KC8 yielded the

  5. Singlet Diradical Complexes of Ruthenium and Osmium: Geometrical and Electronic Structures and their Unexpected Changes on Oxidation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Samanta, S.; Singh, P.; Fiedler, Jan; Záliš, Stanislav; Kaim, W.; Goswami, S.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 5 (2008), s. 1625-1633 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KAN100400702; GA MŠk OC 139; GA MŠk OC 140 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : singlet diradical complexes * ruthenium complexes * electronic structure Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 4.147, year: 2008

  6. Through-Space Paramagnetic NMR Effects in Host-Guest Complexes: Potential Ruthenium(III) Metallodrugs with Macrocyclic Carriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chyba, Jan; Novák, Martin; Munzarová, Petra; Novotný, Jan; Marek, Radek

    2018-04-05

    The potential of paramagnetic ruthenium(III) compounds for use as anticancer metallodrugs has been investigated extensively during the past several decades. However, the means by which these ruthenium compounds are transported and distributed in living bodies remain relatively unexplored. In this work, we prepared several novel ruthenium(III) compounds with the general structure Na + [ trans-Ru III Cl 4 (DMSO)(L)] - (DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide), where L stands for pyridine or imidazole linked with adamantane, a hydrophobic chemophore. The supramolecular interactions of these compounds with macrocyclic carriers of the cyclodextrin (CD) and cucurbit[ n]uril (CB) families were investigated by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, isothermal titration calorimetry, and relativistic DFT methods. The long-range hyperfine NMR effects of the paramagnetic guest on the host macrocycle are related to the distance between them and their relative orientation in the host-guest complex. The CD and CB macrocyclic carriers being studied in this account can be attached to a vector that attracts the drug-carrier system to a specific biological target and our investigation thus introduces a new possibility in the field of targeted delivery of anticancer metallodrugs based on ruthenium(III) compounds.

  7. Ruthenium complexes with chiral tetradentate PNNP ligands: asymmetric catalysis from the viewpoint of inorganic chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezzetti, Antonio

    2010-09-14

    This is a personal account of the application of ruthenium complexes containing chiral tetradentate ligands with a P(2)N(2) ligand set (PNNP) as catalyst precursors for enantioselective "atom transfer" reactions. Therewith are meant reactions that involve bond formation between a metal-coordinated molecule and a free reagent. The reactive fragment (e.g. carbene) is transferred either from the metal to the non-coordinated substrate (e.g. olefin) or from the free reagent (e.g. F(+)) to the metal-bound substrate (e.g.beta-ketoester), depending on the class of catalyst (monocationic, Class A; or dicationic, Class B). The monocationic five-coordinate species [RuCl(PNNP)](+) and the six-coordinate complexes [RuCl(L)(PNNP)](+) (L = Et(2)O, H(2)O) of Class A catalyse asymmetric epoxidation, cyclopropanation (carbene transfer from the metal to the free olefin), and imine aziridination. Alternatively, the dicationic complexes [Ru(L-L)(PNNP)](2+) (Class B), which contain substrates that act as neutral bidentate ligands L-L (e.g., beta-ketoesters), catalyse Michael addition, electrophilic fluorination, and hydroxylation reactions. Additionally, unsaturated beta-ketoesters form dicationic complexes of Class B that catalyse Diels-Alder reactions with acyclic dienes to produce tetrahydro-1-indanones and estrone derivatives. Excellent enantioselectivity has been achieved in several of the catalytic reactions mentioned above. The study of key reaction intermediates (both in the solid state and in solution) has revealed significant mechanistic aspects of the catalytic reactions.

  8. Synthesis, spectroscopic studies and reactivity of triphenylphosphine ruthenium (II) complexes with N-heterocyclic ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera, A.B.

    1989-01-01

    Reported is the chemistry of triphenylphosphine ruthenium (II) complexes of general formula RuCl 2 (PPh 3 ) 2 L 2 and RuCl 2 (PPh 3 ) 2 A, obtained from the reaction of RuCl 2 (PPh 3 ) 3 with N-heterocyclic ligands L, or A (of ambidentate nature). The electronic spectra exhibit two strong metal-to-ligand charge-transfer bands, ascribed to the b 1 (dxz)->b 1 (pi) and a 2 (dxy)->a 2 (pi) transitions, and a third, weak band ascribed to the b 2 (dyz)->a 2 (pi) transition. The electronic states and the vibrational modes of the complexes were characterized by means of their resonance Raman and infrared absorption spectra. Thermogravimetric and thermodifferential analysis indicated that the melting process is succeeded by an exothermic reaction, and that the weigh loss starts to occur only after this step. The complexes dissociated in CHCl 3 solution, showing preferential labilization of the phosphine ligands, as in the case of the hydrogenation catalyst Ru(PPh 3 ) 3 Cl 2 . In the presence of CO, RuCl 2 (CO) 2 L 2 complexes were gennerated. Several derivatives were isolated and characterized. (author) [pt

  9. Recent developments in the nanostructured materials functionalized with ruthenium complexes for targeted drug delivery to tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thangavel P

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Prakash Thangavel,1 Buddolla Viswanath,1 Sanghyo Kim1,2 1Department of Bionanotechnology, Gachon University, Bokjeong-Dong, Sujeong-Gu, Seongnam-Si, Gyeonggi-Do, 2Graduate Gachon Medical Research Institute, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea Abstract: In recent years, the field of metal-based drugs has been dominated by other existing precious metal drugs, and many researchers have focused their attention on the synthesis of various ruthenium (Ru complexes due to their potential medical and pharmaceutical applications. The beneficial properties of Ru, which make it a highly promising therapeutic agent, include its variable oxidation states, low toxicity, high selectivity for diseased cells, ligand exchange properties, and the ability to mimic iron binding to biomolecules. In addition, Ru complexes have favorable adsorption properties, along with excellent photochemical and photophysical properties, which make them promising tools for photodynamic therapy. At present, nanostructured materials functionalized with Ru complexes have become an efficient way to administer Ru-based anticancer drugs for cancer treatment. In this review, the recent developments in the nanostructured materials functionalized with Ru complexes for targeted drug delivery to tumors are discussed. In addition, information on “traditional” (ie, non-nanostructured Ru-based cancer therapies is included in a precise manner. Keywords: metallodrugs, nanotechnology, cancer treatment, cell apoptosis, DNA damage, toxicity

  10. Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of amine-substituted bipyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Hongwei; Wang, Xian; Yang, WenWen; He, Guiying; Kuang, Zhuoran; Li, Yang; Xia, Andong; Zhong, Yu-Wu; Kong, Fan'ao

    2017-09-01

    The excited state properties of a series of ruthenium(II) amine-substituted bipyridyl complexes, [Ru(bpy)n(NNbpy)3-n]2+, were investigated by steady-state and transient absorption spectroscopy, as well as quantum chemical calculations. The steady-state absorption spectra of these complexes in CH3CN show a distinct red-shift of the 1MLCT absorption with increasing numbers of amine substituent, whereas the emission spectra indicate an energy gap order of [Ru(bpy)3]2+ > [Ru(bpy)2(NNbpy)]2+ > [Ru(NNbpy)3]2+ > [Ru(bpy)(NNbpy)2]2+. Nanosecond, femtosecond transient absorption and electrochemical measurements suggest that NNbpy ligand has a strong influence on the electronic and emission properties of these complexes, due to electron-rich amine substituent. We illustrate how the numbers of amine substituent modulate the spectroscopic properties of transition metal complexes, which is related to the design of new electro-active systems with novel photoelectrochemical properties.

  11. Recent developments in the nanostructured materials functionalized with ruthenium complexes for targeted drug delivery to tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thangavel, Prakash; Viswanath, Buddolla; Kim, Sanghyo

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, the field of metal-based drugs has been dominated by other existing precious metal drugs, and many researchers have focused their attention on the synthesis of various ruthenium (Ru) complexes due to their potential medical and pharmaceutical applications. The beneficial properties of Ru, which make it a highly promising therapeutic agent, include its variable oxidation states, low toxicity, high selectivity for diseased cells, ligand exchange properties, and the ability to mimic iron binding to biomolecules. In addition, Ru complexes have favorable adsorption properties, along with excellent photochemical and photophysical properties, which make them promising tools for photodynamic therapy. At present, nanostructured materials functionalized with Ru complexes have become an efficient way to administer Ru-based anticancer drugs for cancer treatment. In this review, the recent developments in the nanostructured materials functionalized with Ru complexes for targeted drug delivery to tumors are discussed. In addition, information on "traditional" (ie, non-nanostructured) Ru-based cancer therapies is included in a precise manner.

  12. Ruthenium (II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, biosensor applications and evaluation as antimicrobial agents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yildirim, Hatice [Dokuz Eylul University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Guler, Emine [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Yavuz, Murat, E-mail: myavuz@dicle.edu.tr [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Dicle University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 21280 Diyarbakir (Turkey); Ozturk, Nurdan; Kose Yaman, Pelin [Dokuz Eylul University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Subasi, Elif; Sahin, Elif [Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Timur, Suna [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Ege University, Institute on Drug Abuse, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science (BATI), 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey)

    2014-11-01

    A conformationally rigid half-sandwich organoruthenium (II) complex [(η{sup 6}-p-cymene)RuClTSC{sup N–S}]Cl, (1) and carbonyl complex [Ru(CO)Cl(PPh{sub 3}){sub 2}TSC{sup N–S}] (2) have been synthesized from the reaction of [{(η"6-p-cymene)RuCl}{sub 2}(μ-Cl){sub 2}] and [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(PPh{sub 3}){sub 3}] with thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazon (TSC) respectively and both novel ruthenium (II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR spectroscopy. The peripheral TSC in the complexes acts as an electrochemical coupling unit providing the ability to carry out electrochemical deposition (ED) and to form an electro-deposited film on a graphite electrode surface. The biosensing applicability of complexes 1 and 2 was investigated by using glucose oxidase (GOx) as a model enzyme. Electrochemical measurements at − 0.9 V versus Ag/AgCl electrode by following the ED Ru(II) reduction/oxidation due to from the enzyme activity, in the presence of glucose substrate. The designed biosensor showed a very good linearity for 0.01–0.5 mM glucose. The in vitro antimicrobial activities of complexes 1 and 2 were also investigated against nine bacterial strains and one fungus by the disc diffusion test method. No activity was observed against the Gram-negative strains and fungus, whereas complex 1 showed moderate antibacterial activities against Gram-positive bacterial strains. - Highlights: • Novel Ru (II) thiosemicarbazone complexes were synthesized and characterized. • Electrochemical depositions were performed. • Rigid half-sandwich Ru (II) complex showed enhanced antibacterial activity.

  13. Impact of cyclometalated ruthenium(II) complexes on lactate dehydrogenase activity and cytotoxicity in gastric and colon cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rico Bautista, Hugo; Saavedra Díaz, Rafael Omar; Shen, Longzhu Q; Orvain, Christophe; Gaiddon, Christian; Le Lagadec, Ronan; Ryabov, Alexander D

    2016-10-01

    Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a redox enzyme often overexpressed in cancer cells allowing their survival in stressful metabolic tumor environment. Ruthenium(II) complexes have been shown to impact on the activity of purified horseradish peroxidase and glucose oxidase but the physiological relevance remains unclear. In this study we investigated how ruthenium complexes impact on the activity of LDH in vitro and in cancer cells and performed a comparative study using polypyridine ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ (1) and its structurally related cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridinato counterpart [Ru(phpy)(bpy) 2 ] + (2) (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, phpyH=2-phenylpyridine). We show that the cytotoxicity in gastric and colon cancer cells induced by 2 is significantly higher compared to 1. The kinetic inhibition mechanisms on purified LDH and the corresponding inhibition constants K i or i 0.5 values were calculated. Though complexes 1 and 2 are structurally very similar (one Ru-C bond in 2 replaces one Ru-N bond in 1), their inhibition modes are different. Cyclometalated complex 2 behaves exclusively as a non-competitive inhibitor of LDH from rabbit muscle (LDH rm) , strongly suggesting that 2 does not interact with LDH in the vicinities of either lactate/pyruvate or NAD + /NADH binding sites. Sites of interaction of 1 and 2 with LDH rm were revealed theoretically through computational molecular docking. Inhibition of LDH activity by 2 was confirmed in cancer cells. Altogether, these results revealed an inhibition of LDH activity by ruthenium complex through a direct interaction structurally tuned by a Ru-C bond. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Chiral ruthenium(II) complexes with phenolic hydroxyl groups as dual poisons of topoisomerases I and IIα.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pingyu; Wang, Jinquan; Huang, Huaiyi; Qiao, Liping; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2013-06-28

    A series of novel chiral ruthenium(II) complexes with phenolic hydroxyl groups were synthesized and characterized. These ruthenium(II) complexes exhibited strong dual inhibition of topoisomerases I and IIα, with approximate IC50 values of 3-15 mM, which were more efficient than the widely clinically used single TopoI poison camptothecin (CPT) or TopoIIα poison etoposide (VP-16). Δ-1 and Λ-1 with more hydroxyls were observed to be more potent inhibitors. To further evaluate the mechanism of the complexes at a cellular level, these complexes were investigated for their effect on cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and induction of apoptosis. The results indicated that ruthenium(II) complexes permeated the nuclei in cancer cells and inhibited the activities of nuclear enzymes topoisomerases I and IIα, then triggered DNA damage and induced apoptosis in the cancer cells. The simultaneous inhibition of TopoI and TopoIIα induced the death of cancer cells, which may be a promising and effective strategy for cancer therapy.

  15. Complexing of ruthenium during sorption by a graft copolymer of a polyacrylonitrile fiber with poly-2-methvl-5-vinylpyridine (PAN-MVP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simanova, S.A.; Kokushkin, Y.N.; Kolmakova, A.I.; Konovalov, L.V.; Lysenko, A.A.

    1985-01-01

    This paper studies the sorption of chlorine complexes of ruthenium (IV) on the graft copolymer of a polyacrylonitrile fiber with poly-2-methyl-5-vinylpyridine (PAN-MVP). The composition of the fiber is illustrated. It is shown that sorption of chlorine complexes of ruthenium (IV) from acid solutions by a pyridine fiber sorbent takes place according to an anion-exchange mechanism and is due to the formation of compounds of the diamine type (Ru(RPy) 2 Cl 4 )

  16. Cytotoxicity and anti-tumor effects of new ruthenium complexes on triple negative breast cancer cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília P Popolin

    Full Text Available Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC is a highly aggressive breast cancer subtype. The high rate of metastasis associated to the fact that these cells frequently display multidrug resistance, make the treatment of metastatic disease difficult. Development of antitumor metal-based drugs was started with the discovery of cisplatin, however, the severe side effects represent a limitation for its clinical use. Ruthenium (Ru complexes with different ligands have been successfully studied as prospective antitumor drugs. In this work, we demonstrated the activity of a series of biphosphine bipyridine Ru complexes (1 [Ru(SO4(dppb(bipy], (2 [Ru(CO3(dppb(bipy], (3 [Ru(C2O4(dppb(bipy] and (4 [Ru(CH3CO2(dppb(bipy]PF6 [where dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphinobutane and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine], on proliferation of TNBC (MDA-MB-231, estrogen-dependent breast tumor cells (MCF-7 and a non-tumor breast cell line (MCF-10A. Complex (4 was most effective among the complexes and was selected to be further investigated on effects on tumor cell adhesion, migration, invasion and in apoptosis. Moreover, DNA and HSA binding properties of this complex were also investigated. Results show that complex (4 was more efficient inhibiting proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells over non-tumor cells. In addition, complex (4 was able to inhibit MDA-MB231 cells adhesion, migration and invasion and to induce apoptosis and inhibit MMP-9 secretion in TNBC cells. Complex (4 should be further investigated in vivo in order to stablish its potential to improve breast cancer treatment.

  17. Cytotoxicity and anti-tumor effects of new ruthenium complexes on triple negative breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popolin, Cecília P; Reis, João P B; Becceneri, Amanda B; Graminha, Angélica E; Almeida, Márcio A P; Corrêa, Rodrigo S; Colina-Vegas, Legna A; Ellena, Javier; Batista, Alzir A; Cominetti, Márcia R

    2017-01-01

    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive breast cancer subtype. The high rate of metastasis associated to the fact that these cells frequently display multidrug resistance, make the treatment of metastatic disease difficult. Development of antitumor metal-based drugs was started with the discovery of cisplatin, however, the severe side effects represent a limitation for its clinical use. Ruthenium (Ru) complexes with different ligands have been successfully studied as prospective antitumor drugs. In this work, we demonstrated the activity of a series of biphosphine bipyridine Ru complexes (1) [Ru(SO4)(dppb)(bipy)], (2) [Ru(CO3)(dppb)(bipy)], (3) [Ru(C2O4)(dppb)(bipy)] and (4) [Ru(CH3CO2)(dppb)(bipy)]PF6 [where dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine], on proliferation of TNBC (MDA-MB-231), estrogen-dependent breast tumor cells (MCF-7) and a non-tumor breast cell line (MCF-10A). Complex (4) was most effective among the complexes and was selected to be further investigated on effects on tumor cell adhesion, migration, invasion and in apoptosis. Moreover, DNA and HSA binding properties of this complex were also investigated. Results show that complex (4) was more efficient inhibiting proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells over non-tumor cells. In addition, complex (4) was able to inhibit MDA-MB231 cells adhesion, migration and invasion and to induce apoptosis and inhibit MMP-9 secretion in TNBC cells. Complex (4) should be further investigated in vivo in order to stablish its potential to improve breast cancer treatment.

  18. Arene ruthenium(II) azido complexes incorporating N intersection O chelate ligands: Synthesis, spectral studies and 1,3-dipolar-cycloaddition to a coordinated azide in ruthenium(II) compounds

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, K.S.; Kaminsky, W.

    Synthesis of (η6-arene) ruthenium (II) complexes has attracted considerable attention owing to their anti-cancer [1-3], antiviral [4] and catalytic properties [5-7]. The catalytic activities of these complexes range from hydrogen transfer to ring closing...

  19. Post-synthetic modification of mesoporous zinc-adeninate framework with tris(2,2′-biprydine) ruthenium(II) complex and its electrochemiluminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ji Eun; Shin, Ik Soo [Dept. of Chemistry, Soongsil University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Hye Jae; An, Ji Hyun [Dept. of Chemistry Education, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-04-15

    Herein we report a redox-active metal-organic framework (MOF) via post-synthetic cation exchange with tris(2,2′-biprydine) ruthenium(II) complex (Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}). A porous anionic zinc-adeninate framework (bMOF-100) is spacious enough to easily entrap 2.43 of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+} cations within the mesopore. The encapsulation supported the framework structure preventing any distortion from a rapid solvent evaporation under SEM observation. Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}@bMOF-100 was then immobilized on the surface of glassy carbon electrode, and its electrocatalytic and electrochemiluminescent (ECL) properties were investigated in aqueous and organic solution. Especially, Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}@bMOF-100 showed the excellent electrochemical properties of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}, but gradual decomposition of the MOF structure was observed under electrochemical measurements because of the sluggish oxidation of adeninate ligand.

  20. Dehydrogenative Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids from Primary Alcohols and Hydroxide Catalyzed by a Ruthenium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santilli, Carola; Makarov, Ilya; Fristrup, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Primary alcohols have been reacted with hydroxide and the ruthenium complex [RuCl2(IiPr)(p-cymene)] to afford carboxylic acids and dihydrogen. The dehydrogenative reaction is performed in toluene, which allows for a simple isolation of the products by precipitation and extraction. The transformat......Primary alcohols have been reacted with hydroxide and the ruthenium complex [RuCl2(IiPr)(p-cymene)] to afford carboxylic acids and dihydrogen. The dehydrogenative reaction is performed in toluene, which allows for a simple isolation of the products by precipitation and extraction....... The transformation can be applied to a range of benzylic and saturated aliphatic alcohols containing halide and (thio)ether substituents, while olefins and ester groups are not compatible with the reaction conditions. Benzylic alcohols undergo faster conversion than other substrates, and a competing Cannizzaro...

  1. Ruthenium complexes with dendritic ferrocenyl phosphanes: synthesis, characterization, and application in the catalytic redox isomerization of allylic alcohols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Paul; Dib, Hanna; Sournia-Saquet, Alix; Grell, Toni; Handke, Marcel; Caminade, Anne-Marie; Hey-Hawkins, Evamarie

    2015-04-20

    An efficient system for the catalytic redox isomerization of the allylic alcohol 1-octen-3-ol to 3-octanone is presented. The homogeneous ruthenium(II) catalyst contains a monodentate phosphane ligand with a ferrocene moiety in the backbone and provides 3-octanone in quantitative yields. The activity is increased by nearly 90 % with respect to the corresponding triphenyl phosphane ruthenium(II) complex. By grafting the catalyst at the surface of a dendrimer, the catalytic activity is further increased. By introducing different spacers between ferrocene and phosphorus, the influence on the electronic properties of the complexes is shown by evaluating the electrochemical behavior of the compounds. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Excited state decay of cyclometalated polypyridine ruthenium complexes: insight from theory and experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreitner, Christoph; Heinze, Katja

    2016-09-21

    Deactivation pathways of the triplet metal-to-ligand charge transfer ((3)MLCT) excited state of cyclometalated polypyridine ruthenium complexes with [RuN5C](+) coordination are discussed on the basis of the available experimental data and a series of density functional theory calculations. Three different complex classes are considered, namely with [Ru(N^N)2(N^C)](+), [Ru(N^N^N)(N^C^N)](+) and [Ru(N^N^N)(N^N^C)](+) coordination modes. Excited state deactivation in these complex types proceeds via five distinct decay channels. Vibronic coupling of the (3)MLCT state to high-energy oscillators of the singlet ground state ((1)GS) allows tunneling to the ground state followed by vibrational relaxation (path A). A ligand field excited state ((3)MC) is thermally accessible via a (3)MLCT →(3)MC transition state with the (3)MC state being strongly coupled to the (1)GS surface via a low-energy minimum energy crossing point (path B). Furthermore, a (3)MLCT →(1)GS surface crossing point directly couples the triplet and singlet potential energy surfaces (path C). Charge transfer states either with higher singlet character or with different orbital parentage and intrinsic symmetry restrictions are thermally populated which promote non-radiative decay via tunneling to the (1)GS state (path D). Finally, the excited state can decay via phosphorescence (path E). The dominant deactivation pathways differ for the three individual complex classes. The implications of these findings for isoelectronic iridium(iii) or iron(ii) complexes are discussed. Ultimately, strategies for optimizing the emission efficiencies of cyclometalated polypyridine complexes of d(6)-metal ions, especially Ru(II), are suggested.

  3. Synthesis and anticancer properties of ruthenium (II) complexes as potent apoptosis inducers through mitochondrial disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Dan; Tang, Bing; Wang, Yang-Jie; Guo, Bo-Hong; Yin, Hui; Yi, Qiao-Yan; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2017-10-20

    A new ligand MHPIP (MHPIP = 2-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) and its three ruthenium (II) complexes [Ru(N-N) 2 (MHPIP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (N-N = phen: 1,10-phenanthroline 1; dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline 2; ttbpy = 4,4'-ditertiarybutyl-2,2'-bipyridine 3) were synthesized and characterized. The cytotoxic activity in vitro was studied by MTT method. The complexes 1-3 show moderate cytotoxic effects on the cell growth in HepG2 cells with an IC 50 value of 25.5 ± 3.5, 35.6 ± 1.9 and 27.4 ± 2.3 μM, respectively. The apoptosis was investigated with AO/EB and Annex V/PI staining methods and comet assay. The reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial membrane potential were investigated under a fluorescent microscope. Autophagy assay shows that the complexes can cause autophagy and up-regulate the expression of Beclin-1 protein. Additionally, the complexes inhibit the cell growth in HepG2 cells at G0/G1 phase, and the complexes can regulate the expression of caspase 3 and Bcl-2 family proteins. The studies demonstrate that the complexes induce apoptosis in HepG2 cells through DNA damage and ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathways. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  4. Molecular Architecture of Polynuclear Ruthenium Bipyridyl Complexes with Controlled Metal Helicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Nicholas C.; Keene, F. Richard; Viebrock, Heiko; von Zelewsky, Alex

    1997-03-12

    The synthesis of di- and trinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes is reported, where each metal center has a tris(bidentate) octahedral coordination sphere with predetermined stereochemistry. New members of the "Chiragen" ligand series, consisting of two linked chiral 4,5-pineno-2,2'-bipyridine groups, have been prepared, with small spacer units between the coordination centers (-(CH(2))(n)() {n = 0, 3} and -CH(2)(bpy)CH(2)-). X-ray structural data were obtained for the ligand Chiragen[3]. (Crystal data: orthorhombic, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 12.229(1) Å, b = 12.790(1) Å, c = 20.215(1) Å, V = 3161.8(4) Å(3), Z = 4.) Combination of the ligands with Ru(bpy)(2)Cl(2) (where bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine) led to a mixture of diastereomers, while the use of enantiomerically pure Delta- or Lambda-[Ru(bpy)(2)(py)(2)](dibenzoyltartrate) or Delta-Ru(CG[m-xyl])Cl(2) led to almost complete stereoselectivity in the products. Circular dichroism spectra show that the complexes are composed of one helical diastereomer, with the expected absolute configuration predetermined by the chiral building block used. Additionally, (1)H-NMR spectroscopy indicates C(2) point group symmetry for the structures in solution, confirming the absence of DeltaLambda diastereomers.

  5. Antibacterial activity of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complex manipulated by membrane permeability and cell morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Dongdong; Zhang, Weiwei; Lv, Mengting; Yang, Endong; Zhao, Qian; Wang, Weiyun

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the antibacterial effects of the ruthenium(II) complex RuBP and the mechanism of RuBP action on bacteria. Results show that RuBP can inhibit the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus tetragenus. Cellular uptake and laser confocal microscopic studies reveal the efficient uptake of RuBP by M. tetragenus cells. Scanning electron microscopic observations of the morphologies of M. tetragenus and S. aureus treated with RuBP further confirm that direct contact of both bacteria with RuBP can damage the cell membrane and membrane integrity, which may eventually induce growth inhibition and bacterial death. After RuBP treatment, the electrical conductivity of the bacterial suspensions increases. Spectroscopic studies and agarose gel electrophoresis indicate that intact DNA and RNA decrease or disappear in RuBP-treated bacterial cells, thus demonstrating that RuBP performs its antibacterial function by increasing the permeability of cell membranes. This study provides new insights for understanding the antibacterial actions of RuBP and designing metal complex antibiotics for other biomedical applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. η1:η2-P-Pyrazolylphosphaalkene Complexes of Ruthenium(0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria K. Greenacre

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available An extended range of novel ruthenium phosphaalkene complexes of the type [Ru{η1-N:η2-P,C-P(pz′=CH(SiMe2R}(CO(PPh32] (R = Tol, C6H4CF3-p; pz′ = pzMe2, pzCF3, pzMe,CF3; R = Me, C6H4CF3-p; pz′ = pzPh have been prepared from the respective ruthenaphosphaalkenyls [Ru{P=CH(SiMe2R}Cl(CO(PPh32] upon treatment with Lipz′. Where R = C6H4CF3-p and pz′ = pzMe2 the complex is characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, only the second example of such species being structurally characterized. This indicates enhanced pyramidalisation of the alkenic carbon center when compared with precedent data (R = Me, pz′ = pz implying an enhanced Ru→π*PC contribution, which can be correlated with the greater donor power of pzMe2. This is similarly reflected in spectroscopic data that reveal significant influence of the pyrazolyl substituents upon the phosphaalkene, stronger donors imparting significantly enhanced shielding to phosphorus; in contrast, a much lesser influence if noted for the silyl substituents.

  7. Tracking the oxygen status in the cell nucleus by using a Hoechst-tagged phosphorescent ruthenium complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanabe, Kazuhito; Hara, Daiki; Umehara, Yui; Son, Aoi; Asahi, Wataru; Misu, Sotaro; Kurihara, Ryohsuke; Kondo, Teruyuki

    2018-02-21

    Molecular oxygen in living cells is distributed and consumed inhomogeneously, depending on the activity of each organelle. Therefore, tractable methods that can be used to monitor the oxygen status in each organelle are needed to understand cellular function. Here, we report the design of a novel oxygen-sensing probe for use in the cell nucleus. We prepared Ru-Hoechsts, which consist of a phosphorescent ruthenium complex linked to a Hoechst 33258 moiety, and characterized their properties as oxygen sensors. The Hoechst unit shows high DNA-binding properties in the nucleus, and the ruthenium complex shows oxygen-dependent phosphorescence. Thus, Ru-Hoechsts accumulated in the cell nucleus and shows oxygen-dependent signals that could be monitored. Among the Ru-Hoechsts prepared in this study, Ru-Hoechst b, in which the ruthenium complex and Hoechst unit were linked by a hexyl chain, showed the most suitable properties for monitoring the oxygen status. Ru-Hoechsts are novel probes with high potential for visualizing oxygen fluctuations in the nucleus. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity studies on BEL-7402 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Dan; Lai, Shang-Hai; Zeng, Chuan-Chuan; Zhang, Cheng; Tang, Bing; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2017-08-01

    Two new ligand PTTP (2-phenoxy-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and FTTP (2-(3-fluoronaphthalen-2-yloxy)-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and their six ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(N-N) 2 (PTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 and [Ru(N-N) 2 (FTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (N-N=dmb: 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipiridine; dmp: 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline; ttbpy: 4,4'-ditertiarybutyl-2,2'-bipyridine) were synthesized and characterized. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes against cancer cells HeLa, BEL-7402, A549, HepG-2, HOS and normal cell LO2 was evaluated by MTT method. The IC 50 values range from 1.5±0.1 to 55.9±7.5μM. Complex 3 shows the highest cytotoxic activity toward BEL-7402 cells (IC 50 =1.5±0.1μM). Complex 5 displays most effective inhibition of the cell growth in A549 and HOS cells with low IC 50 values of 2.5±0.6 and 2.6±0.1μM, respectively. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA damage, autophagy and anti-metastasis assay were investigated under a fluorescent microscope. The cell cycle arrest was assayed by flow cytometry, and the expression of caspases and Bcl-2 family proteins was studied by western blot. The results obtained show that the complexes induce apoptosis in BEL-7402 cells through a ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Synthesis and spectral and redox properties of three triply bridged complexes of ruthenium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llobet, A.; Curry, M.E.; Evans, H.T.; Meyer, T.J.

    1989-01-01

    Syntheses are described for the ligand-bridged complexes [(tpm)RuIII(??-O)(??-L)2RuIII(tpm) n+ (L = O2P(O)(OH), n = 0 (1); L = O2CO, n = 0 (2); L = O2CCH3, n = 2 (3); tpm is the tridentate, facial ligand tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane. The X-ray crystal structure of [(tpm)Ru(??-O)(??-O2P(O)(OH))2Ru(tpm)]??8H 2O was determined from three-dimensional X-ray counter data. The complex crystallizes in the trigonal space group P3221 with three molecules in a cell of dimensions a = 18.759 (4) A?? and c = 9.970 (6) A??. The structure was refined to a weighted R factor of 0.042 based on 1480 independent reflections with I ??? 3??(I). The structure reveals that the complex consists of two six-coordinate ruthenium atoms that are joined by a ??-oxo bridge (rRU-O = 1.87 A??; ???RuORu = 124.6??) and two ??-hydrogen phosphato bridges (average rRu-O = 2.07 A??) which are capped by two tpm ligands. The results of cyclic voltammetric and coulometric experiments show that the complexes undergo both oxidative and reductive processes in solution. Upon reduction, the ligand-bridged structure is lost and the monomer [(tpm)Ru(H2O)3]2+ appears quantitatively. All three complexes are diamagnetic in solution. The diamagnetism is a consequence of strong electronic coupling between the low-spin d5 Ru(III) metal ions through the oxo bridge and the relatively small Ru-O-Ru angle. ?? 1989 American Chemical Society.

  10. Similarities of artificial photosystems by ruthenium oxo complexes and native water splitting systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Koji; Isobe, Hiroshi; Yamanaka, Shusuke; Yamaguchi, Kizashi

    2012-01-01

    The nature of chemical bonds of ruthenium(Ru)–quinine(Q) complexes, mononuclear [Ru(trpy)(3,5-t-Bu2Q)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (trpy = 2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridine, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2-benzoquinone) (1), and binuclear [Ru2(btpyan)(3,6-di-Bu2Q)2(OH2)]2+ (btpyan = 1,8-bis(2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyrid-4′-yl)anthracene, 3,6-t-Bu2Q = 3,6-di-tert-butyl-1,2-benzoquinone) (2), has been investigated by broken-symmetry (BS) hybrid density functional (DFT) methods. BS DFT computations for the Ru complexes have elucidated that the closed-shell structure (2b) Ru(II)–Q complex is less stable than the open-shell structure (2bb) consisting of Ru(III) and semiquinone (SQ) radical fragments. These computations have also elucidated eight different electronic and spin structures of tetraradical intermediates that may be generated in the course of water splitting reaction. The Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian model for these species has been derived to elucidate six different effective exchange interactions (J) for four spin systems. Six J values have been determined using total energies of the eight (or seven) BS solutions for different spin configurations. The natural orbital analyses of these BS DFT solutions have also been performed in order to obtain natural orbitals and their occupation numbers, which are useful for the lucid understanding of the nature of chemical bonds of the Ru complexes. Implications of the computational results are discussed in relation to the proposed reaction mechanisms of water splitting reaction in artificial photosynthesis systems and the similarity between artificial and native water splitting systems. PMID:22761310

  11. Carboxylate-Assisted C(sp3)–H Activation in Olefin Metathesis-Relevant Ruthenium Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The mechanism of C–H activation at metathesis-relevant ruthenium(II) benzylidene complexes was studied both experimentally and computationally. Synthesis of a ruthenium dicarboxylate at a low temperature allowed for direct observation of the C–H activation step, independent of the initial anionic ligand-exchange reactions. A first-order reaction supports an intramolecular concerted metalation–deprotonation mechanism with ΔG⧧298K = 22.2 ± 0.1 kcal·mol–1 for the parent N-adamantyl-N′-mesityl complex. An experimentally determined ΔS⧧ = −5.2 ± 2.6 eu supports a highly ordered transition state for carboxylate-assisted C(sp3)–H activation. Experimental results, including measurement of a large primary kinetic isotope effect (kH/kD = 8.1 ± 1.7), agree closely with a computed six-membered carboxylate-assisted C–H activation mechanism where the deprotonating carboxylate adopts a pseudo-apical geometry, displacing the aryl ether chelate. The rate of cyclometalation was found to be influenced by both the electronics of the assisting carboxylate and the ruthenium ligand environment. PMID:24731019

  12. Mechanism of Water Oxidation Catalyzed by a Dinuclear Ruthenium Complex Bridged by Anthraquinone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tohru Wada

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available We synthesized 1,8-bis(2,2′:6′,2″-terpyrid-4′-ylanthraquinone (btpyaq as a new dimerizing ligand and determined its single crystal structure by X-ray analysis. The dinuclear Ruthenium complex [Ru2(µ-Cl(bpy2(btpyaq](BF43 ([3](BF43, bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine was used as a catalyst for water oxidation to oxygen with (NH42[Ce(NO36] as the oxidant (turnover numbers = 248. The initial reaction rate of oxygen evolution was directly proportional to the concentration of the catalyst and independent of the oxidant concentration. The cyclic voltammogram of [3](BF43 in water at pH 1.3 showed an irreversible catalytic current above +1.6 V (vs. SCE, with two quasi-reversible waves and one irreversible wave at E1/2 = +0.62, +0.82 V, and Epa = +1.13 V, respectively. UV-vis and Raman spectra of [3](BF43 with controlled-potential electrolysis at +1.40 V revealed that [Ru(IV=O O=Ru(IV]4+ is stable under electrolysis conditions. [Ru(III, Ru(II] species are recovered after dissociation of an oxygen molecule from the active species in the catalytic cycle. These results clearly indicate that an O–O bond is formed via [Ru(V=O O=Ru(IV]5+.

  13. A tetranuclear ruthenium complex with bridging pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylato ligands forming a square metallamacrocycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Yu-Feng; Jia, Ai-Quan; Zhu, Hang; Shi, Hua-Tian; Zhang, Qian-Feng [Anhui Univ. of Technology (China). Inst. of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry

    2016-04-01

    Treatment of [RuCl{sub 2}(PPh{sub 3}){sub 3}] with equimolar amounts of 2,4-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (2,4-dipicH{sub 2}) in the presence of Et{sub 3}N afforded a tetranuclear complex [Ru(μ-2,4-dipic)(PPh{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 4} (1) as red crystals. The crystal and molecular structure of [Ru(μ-2,4-dipic)(PPh{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 4}.CHCl{sub 3}.8H{sub 2}O (1.CHCl{sub 3}.8H{sub 2}O) was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Each ruthenium center in 1 is six-coordinated with two phosphorus atoms from triphenylphosphine ligands, one nitrogen atom from a pyridyl moiety and three oxygen atoms from two 2,4-dipic{sup 2-} ligands. 2,4-Pyridinedicarboxylate dianions (2,4-dipic{sup 2-}) act as bridging ligands to form the stable tetranuclear metallamacrocyclic compound. The electrochemical properties of 1 were also investigated.

  14. Spectral sensitization of SrTiO3 photoanodes with binuclear 1,10-phenanthroline bis(2,2'-bipyridine) complexes of ruthenium(II) and tris(2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium(II)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tinnemans, A.H.A.; Mackor, A.

    1981-01-01

    A single crystal of strontium titanate, used as a photoanode for the photoelectrolysis of water, has been sensitized by mono‐ and binuclear ruthenium(II) complexes in acidic solution for visible light. The dependence of the photocurrent density on light intensity, dye concentration, wavelength and

  15. Varying electronic structural forms of ruthenium complexes of non-innocent 9,10-phenanthrenequinonoid ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Abhishek; Kundu, Tanaya; Ehret, Fabian; Bubrin, Martina; Mobin, Shaikh M; Kaim, Wolfgang; Lahiri, Goutam Kumar

    2014-02-14

    Bis(acetylacetonato)ruthenium complexes [Ru(acac)2(Q1-3)], 1-3, incorporating redox non-innocent 9,10-phenanthrenequinonoid ligands (Q1 = 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, 1; Q2 = 9,10-phenanthrenequinonediimine, 2; Q3 = 9,10-phenanthrenequinonemonoimine, 3) have been characterised electrochemically, spectroscopically and structurally. The four independent molecules in the unit cell of 2 are involved in intermolecular hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions, leading to a 2D network. The oxidation state-sensitive bond distances of the coordinated ligands Q(n) at 1.296(5)/1.289(5) Å (C-O), 1.315(3)/1.322(4) Å (C-N), and 1.285(3)/1.328(3) Å (C-O/C-N) in 1, 2 and 3, respectively, and the well resolved (1)H NMR resonances within the standard chemical shift range suggest DFT supported variable contributions from valence formulations [Ru(III)(acac)2(Q˙(-))] (spin-coupled) and [Ru(II)(acac)2(Q(0))], respectively. Complexes 1-3 exhibit one oxidation and two reduction steps with comproportionation constants Kc∼ 10(7)-10(22) for the intermediates. The electrochemically generated persistent redox states 1(n) (n = 0, 1-, 2-) and 2(n)/3(n) (n = 1+, 0, 1-, 2-) have been analysed by UV-vis-NIR spectroelectrochemistry and by EPR for the paramagnetic intermediates in combination with DFT and TD-DFT calculations, revealing significant differences in the oxidation state distribution at the {Ru-Q} interface for 1(n)-3(n). In particular, the diminished propensity of the NH-containing systems for reduction results in the preference for Ru(II)(Q(0)) relative to Ru(III)(Q˙(-)) (neutral compounds) and for Ru(II)(Q˙(-)) over the Ru(III)(Q(2-)) alternative in the case of the monoanionic complexes.

  16. Coordination phenomena of cationic uranium(iv) complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rohwer, H.E.

    1974-12-01

    The coordination properties of the cationic uranium(IV) complexes UCl 3 + , UCl 2 2+ , UCl 3+ , and U 4+ were studied in a non-aqueous medium in the presence of perchlorate as counterion which, however, proved to coordinate to a much greater extent than expected. The strong neutral ligand, HMPA, could successively displace some of the perchlorates. An electrostatic model for the U(CIO 4 ) 4 -HMPA-acetone system compared favourably with the actual results. This emphasized the high ionic content in the bonding with actenoid cations, even with such a high charge as +4 . These conclusions are in agreement with studies 75 in which nitrate acts as counter ion. Correspondingly the uranium (IV) chemistry is characterized by the absence of typical 3d-organometallic chemistry, for example, strong bonding with CO, P(Phi) 3 etc, which strongly depends on covalent bonding. This stresses the fact that the d and f orbitals are not readily available for strong bond formation with the actenoids. 76

  17. Mechanism elucidation of the cis-trans isomerization of an azole ruthenium-nitrosyl complex and its osmium counterpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavriluta, Anatolie; Büchel, Gabriel E; Freitag, Leon; Novitchi, Ghenadie; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Jeanneau, Erwann; Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; González, Leticia; Arion, Vladimir B; Luneau, Dominique

    2013-06-03

    Synthesis and X-ray diffraction structures of cis and trans isomers of ruthenium and osmium metal complexes of general formulas (nBu4N)[cis-MCl4(NO)(Hind)], where M = Ru (1) and Os (3), and (nBu4N)[trans-MCl4(NO)(Hind)], where M = Ru (2) and Os (4) and Hind = 1H-indazole are reported. Interconversion between cis and trans isomers at high temperatures (80-130 °C) has been observed and studied by NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic data indicate that isomerizations correspond to reversible first order reactions. The rates of isomerization reactions even at 110 °C are very low with rate constants of 10(-5) s(-1) and 10(-6) s(-1) for ruthenium and osmium complexes, respectively, and the estimated rate constants of isomerization at room temperature are of ca. 10(-10) s(-1). The activation parameters, which have been obtained from fitting the reaction rates at different temperatures to the Eyring equation for ruthenium [ΔH(cis-trans)‡ = 122.8 ± 1.3; ΔH(trans-cis)‡ = 138.8 ± 1.0 kJ/mol; ΔS(cis-trans)‡ = -18.7 ± 3.6; ΔS(trans-cis)‡ = 31.8 ± 2.7 J/(mol·K)] and osmium [ΔH(cis-trans)‡ = 200.7 ± 0.7; ΔH(trans-cis)‡ = 168.2 ± 0.6 kJ/mol; ΔS(cis-trans)‡ = 142.7 ± 8.9; ΔS(trans-cis)‡ = 85.9 ± 3.9 J/(mol·K)] reflect the inertness of these systems. The entropy of activation for the osmium complexes is highly positive and suggests the dissociative mechanism of isomerization. In the case of ruthenium, the activation entropy for the cis to trans isomerization is negative [-18.6 J/(mol·K)], while being positive [31.0 J/(mol·K)] for the trans to cis conversion. The thermodynamic parameters for cis to trans isomerization of [RuCl4(NO)(Hind)]-, viz. ΔH° = 13.5 ± 1.5 kJ/mol and ΔS° = -5.2 ± 3.4 J/(mol·K) indicate the low difference between the energies of cis and trans isomers. The theoretical calculation has been carried out on isomerization of ruthenium complexes with DFT methods. The dissociative, associative, and intramolecular twist isomerization

  18. Synthesis and characterization of new mixed ligand complexes of ruthenium(II) containing triphenylphosphine and 2'-hydroxychalcones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dharmaraj, N.; Natarajan, K.

    1994-01-01

    A few hexacoordinated ruthenium(II) complexes of the type [RuCl(CO) (HLL')(PPh 3 ) 2 ] and [RuCl(CO)(HLL')(B) (PPh 3 )] (where HLL' 2'-hydroxychalcone, 2'-hydroxy-4-methoxychalcone, 2'-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxychalcone and B=pyridine(Py), piperidine(Pip), morpholine (Morph)) have been synthesised and characterized on the basis of their analytical and spectral data (IR, electronic and 1 H NMR). In all these complexes, the 2'-hydroxychalcones behave as a uninegative bidentate (OO - ) chelating ligand. (author). 17 refs., 1 tab

  19. Synthesis, characterization, DNA interaction, antioxidant and anticancer activity of new ruthenium(II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone/semicarbazone bearing 9,10-phenanthrenequinone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitha, Panneerselvam; Chitrapriya, Nataraj; Jang, Yoon Jung; Viswanathamurthi, Periasamy

    2013-12-05

    A new series of octahedral ruthenium(II) complexes supported by tridentate ligands derived from phenanthrenequinone and derivatives of thiosemicarbazide/semicarbazide and other co-ligands have been synthesized and characterized. DNA binding experiments indicated that ruthenium(II) complexes can interact with DNA through non-intercalation and the apparent binding constant value (Kb) of [RuCl(CO)(PPh₃)(L₃)] (3) at room temperature was calculated to be 2.27 × 10(3)M(-1). The DNA cleavage studies showed that the complexes have better cleavage of pBR 322 DNA. Antioxidative activity proved that the complexes have significant radical scavenging activity against free radicals. Cytotoxic activities showed that the ruthenium(II) complexes exhibited more effective cytotoxic activity against selected cancer cells. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. 1.3.3. Synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of a new ruthenium polypyridyl complex [Ru(phen2(4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'- bipyridine]PF6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiaxi Chen, Jing Sun*, Jufang Kong, Wenxiu Chen and Hongqing Hao*

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: A new Ru(II polypyridyl complex, [Ru(phen2(4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridine]PF6·1.5H2O, was synthesized andcharacterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elementalanalyses, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, infraredspectra, ultraviolet (UV spectra, and emission spectra. Thestructure of the cation [Ru(phen2(4,4'-(COO-,(COOH-2,2'-bpy]+ consists of a six-coordinated ruthenium atom chelated bytwo phen ligands and one 4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridine ligand.The absorption spectrum of the Ru(II complex is characterizedby two intense ligand-centered transitions in the UV region andone metal to ligand charge transfer in the visible region. Moreover,the complex can display luminescence in water at roomtemperature, with maximum emission at 623 nm.Supporting information: Cif file

  1. Efficient transfer hydrogenation reaction Catalyzed by a dearomatized PN 3P ruthenium pincer complex under base-free Conditions

    KAUST Repository

    He, Lipeng

    2012-03-01

    A dearomatized complex [RuH(PN 3P)(CO)] (PN 3PN, N′-bis(di-tert-butylphosphino)-2,6-diaminopyridine) (3) was prepared by reaction of the aromatic complex [RuH(Cl)(PN 3P)(CO)] (2) with t-BuOK in THF. Further treatment of 3 with formic acid led to the formation of a rearomatized complex (4). These new complexes were fully characterized and the molecular structure of complex 4 was further confirmed by X-ray crystallography. In complex 4, a distorted square-pyramidal geometry around the ruthenium center was observed, with the CO ligand trans to the pyridinic nitrogen atom and the hydride located in the apical position. The dearomatized complex 3 displays efficient catalytic activity for hydrogen transfer of ketones in isopropanol. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Facile and Selective Synthetic Approach for Ruthenium Complexes Utilizing a Molecular Sieve Effect in the Supporting Ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dai Oyama

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available It is extremely important for synthetic chemists to control the structure of new compounds. We have constructed ruthenium-based mononuclear complexes with the tridentate 2,6-di(1,8-naphthyridin-2-ylpyridine (dnp ligand to investigate a new synthetic approach using a specific coordination space. The synthesis of a family of new ruthenium complexes containing both the dnp and triphenylphosphine (PPh3 ligands, [Ru(dnp(PPh3(X(L]n+ (X = PPh3, NO2−, Cl−, Br−; L = OH2, CH3CN, C6H5CN, SCN−, has been described. All complexes have been spectroscopically characterized in solution, and the nitrile complexes have also been characterized in the solid state through single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Dnp in the present complex system behaves like a “molecular sieve” in ligand replacement reactions. Both experimental data and density functional theory (DFT calculations suggest that dnp plays a crucial role in the selectivity observed in this study. The results provide useful information toward elucidating this facile and selective synthetic approach to new transition metal complexes.

  3. Alkali metal cation complexation and solvent interactions by robust chromium(III) fluoride complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birk, T.; Magnussen, M.J.; Piligkos, Stergios

    2010-01-01

    Interaction of robust chromium(III) fluoride complexes with sodium or lithium cations in solution lead to hypsochromic spectral shifts of increasing magnitude along the series: trans-[CrF2(py)(4)](+), mer-[CrF3(terpy)], and fac-[CrF3(Me(3)tacn)]. Crystalline products isolated from solution exhibi...

  4. Solvent assisted formation of ruthenium(III) and ruthenium(II) hydrazone complexes in one-pot with potential in vitro cytotoxicity and enhanced LDH, NO and ROS release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayanthi, Eswaran; Kalaiselvi, Sivalingam; Padma, Viswanatha Vijaya; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai S P; Dharmaraj, Nallasamy

    2016-01-28

    A set each of new bivalent and trivalent ruthenium complexes, [Ru(III)(HL)Cl2(EPh3)2] and [Ru(II)(L)(CO)(EPh3)2] (E = P (complexes and ) or As (complexes and )) were synthesised from the reactions of [Ru(III)Cl3(EPh3)3] with 2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde benzoic acid hydrazone (H2L) in methanol-chloroform and characterized by elemental analysis, spectral data and XRD study. A suitable mechanism to account for the formation of bivalent ruthenium carbonyl complexes from the corresponding trivalent precursors is provided by considering the role of added base in the reaction. Interaction of complexes with CT-DNA/bovine serum albumin was analysed with absorption and emission spectral titration studies. In vitro cytotoxic potential of the above ruthenium hydrazone complexes assayed against the A549 cell line revealed a significant growth inhibition. The test complexes added in IC50 concentration into the cell culture medium enhanced the release of lactate dehydrogenase, NO and reactive oxygen species in comparison with the control. Cell death induced by the complexes was studied using a propidium iodide staining assay and showed noticeable changes in the cell morphology which resembled apoptosis.

  5. Photophysical Studies of Bioconjugated Ruthenium Metal-Ligand Complexes Incorporated in Phospholipid Membrane Bilayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharmin, Ayesha; Salassa, Luca; Rosenberg, Edward; Ross, J. B. Alexander; Abbott, Geoffrey; Black, Labe; Terwilliger, Michelle; Brooks, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Luminescent, mono-diimine, ruthenium complexes, [(H)Ru(CO)(PPh3)2(dcbpy)][PF6] (1, dcbpy = 4,4′-dicarboxy bipyridyl) and [(H)Ru(CO)(dppene)(5-amino-1,10-phen)][PF6] (2, dppene = bis diphenylphosphino-ethylene, phen = 9,10-phenanthroline), have been conjugated with 1,2-dihexadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE) and with cholesterol in the case of 2. Compound 1 gives the bis-lipid derivative [(H)Ru(CO)(PPh3)2(dcbpy-N-DPPE2)][PF6] (3), while 2 provides the mono-lipid conjugate [(H)Ru(CO)(dppene)(1,10-phen-5-NHC(S)-N-DPPE)][ PF6] (4), and the cholesterol derivative [(H)Ru(CO)(dppene)(1,10-phen-5-NHC(O)OChol)][PF6] (5, Chol = cholesteryl), using standard conjugation techniques. These compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods, and their photophysical properties were measured in organic solvents. The luminescence of lipid conjugates 3 and is quenched in organic solvents while compound 4 a weak, short-lived, blue-shifted emission in solution. The cholesterol conjugate shows the long-lived, microsecond-timescale emission associated with triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (3MLCT) excited states. Incorporation of conjugate 3 in lipid bilayer vesicles restores the luminescence, but with blue shifts (~80 nm) accompanied by nanosecond-timescale lifetimes. In the vesicles conjugate 4 shows a similar short-lived and blue-shifted emission to that observed in solution but with increased intensity. Conjugation of the complex [(H)Ru(CO)(PhP2C2H4C(O)O-N-succinimidyl)2(bpy)][PF6] (6”) with DPPE gives the phosphine-conjugated complex [(H)Ru(CO)(PhP2C2H4C(O)-N-DPPE)2(bpy)][PF6] (7). Complex 7 also exhibits a short-lived and blue-shifted emission in solution and in vesicles as observed for 3 and 4. We have also conjugated the complex [Ru(bpy)2(5-amino-1,10-phenanthroline)][PF6]2 (8) with both cholesterol (9) and DPPE (10). Neither 9 nor the previously reported 10 exhibited the blue shifts observed for 3 and 4 when incorporated into LUVs. The anisotropies of

  6. SOME NEW CATIONIC DICARBONYL AND TRICARBONYL COMPLEXES OF TECHNETIUM(I)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    CASTRO, HHK; HISSINK, CE; TEUBEN, JH; VAALBURG, W; PANEK, K

    Some new low-valent, cationic complexes of technetium-99 have been prepared. Oxidation of Tc2(CO)10 (1) with NOPF6 in acetonitrile gave [Tc(CH3CN)(CO)5]PF6 (2) quantitatively. This complex constitutes a useful precursor for cationic carbonyl complexes, as exemplified by a variety of reactions with

  7. A High Molar Extinction Coefficient Mono-Anthracenyl Bipyridyl Heteroleptic Ruthenium(II Complex: Synthesis, Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter A. Ajibade

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In our quest to develop good materials as photosensitizers for photovoltaic dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs, cis-dithiocyanato-4-(2,3-dimethylacrylic acid-2,2'-bipyridyl-4-(9-anthracenyl-(2,3-dimethylacrylic-2,2'-bipyridyl ruthenium(II complex, a high molar extinction coefficient charge transfer sensitizer, was designed, synthesized and characterized by spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. Earlier studies on heteroleptic ruthenium(II complex analogues containing functionalized oligo-anthracenyl phenanthroline ligands have been reported and documented. Based on a general linear correlation between increase in the length of π-conjugation bond and the molar extinction coefficients, herein, we report the photophysical and electrochemical properties of a Ru(II bipyridyl complex analogue with a single functionalized anthracenyl unit. Interestingly, the complex shows better broad and intense metal-to ligand charge transfer (MLCT band absorption with higher molar extinction coefficient (λmax = 518 nm, e = 44900 M−1cm−1, and appreciable photoluminescence spanning the visible region than those containing higher anthracenyl units. It was shown that molar absorption coefficient of the complexes may not be solely depended on the extended π-conjugation but are reduced by molecular aggregation in the molecules.

  8. New ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes bearing disulfide Schiff base ligands and their applications as catalyst for some organic transformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Govindan; Viswanathamurthi, Periasamy

    2014-08-14

    Schiff base disulfide ligands (H2L(1-6)) were synthesized from the condensation of cystamine with salicylaldehyde(H2L(1)), 5-chlorosalicylaldehyde(H2L(2)), o-vanillin(H2L(3)), 2-hydroxyacetophenone(H2L(4)), 3-methyl-2-hydroxyacetophenone(H2L(5)), and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde(H2L(6)). H2L(1-6) reacts with the ruthenium precursor complex [RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)3] in benzene giving rise to six new ruthenium(II) complexes of general formula [Ru(CO)L(1-6)]. Characterization of the new complexes was carried out by using elemental and spectral (IR, UV-Vis, NMR ((1)H and (13)C) and Mass) techniques. An octahedral geometry was assigned for all the complexes based on the spectral data obtained. The catalytic efficiency of the new complexes in aldehyde to amide conversion in the presence of NaHCO3, N-alkylation of aniline in the presence of t-BuOK, and transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of iPrOH/KOH reactions were studied. Furthermore, the effect of solvents and catalyst/substrate ratio on the catalytic aldehyde to amide conversion were also discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Ambi-Valence Taken Literally: Ruthenium vs Iron Oxidation in (1,1′-Diphosphinoferrocene)ruthenium(II) Hydride and Chloride Complexes as Deduced from Spectroelectrochemistry of the Heterodimetallic “Mixed-Valent” Intermediates

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sixt, T.; Sieger, M.; Krafft, M. J.; Bubrin, D.; Fiedler, Jan; Kaim, W.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 21 (2010), s. 5511-5516 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/09/0705; GA ČR GA203/08/1157 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : (1,1′-Diphosphinoferrocene) ruthenium (II) * hydride complexes * chloriode complexes Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 3.888, year: 2010

  10. Outer-sphere 2 e{sup -}/2 H{sup +} transfer reactions of ruthenium(II)-amine and ruthenium(IV)-amido complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cattaneo, Mauricio [Department of Chemistry, University of Washington (United States); INQUINOA-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, San Miguel de Tucuman (Argentina); Ryken, Scott A. [Department of Chemistry, University of Washington (United States); Mayer, James M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Washington (United States); Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520 (United States)

    2017-03-20

    A diverse set of 2 e{sup -}/2 H{sup +} reactions are described that interconvert [Ru{sup II}(bpy)(en*){sub 2}]{sup 2+} and [Ru{sup IV}(bpy)(en-H*){sub 2}]{sup 2+} (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, en*=H{sub 2}NCMe{sub 2}CMe{sub 2}NH{sub 2}, en*-H=H{sub 2}NCMe{sub 2}CMe{sub 2}NH{sup -}), forming or cleaving different O-H, N-H, S-H, and C-H bonds. The reactions involve quinones, hydrazines, thiols, and 1,3-cyclohexadiene. These proton-coupled electron transfer reactions occur without substrate binding to the ruthenium center, but instead with precursor complex formation by hydrogen bonding. The free energies of the reactions vary over more than 90 kcal mol{sup -1}, but the rates are more dependent on the type of X-H bond involved than the associated ΔG . There is a kinetic preference for substrates that have the transferring hydrogen atoms in close proximity, such as ortho-tetrachlorobenzoquinone over its para-isomer and 1,3-cyclohexadiene over its 1,4-isomer, perhaps hinting at the potential for concerted 2 e{sup -}/2 H{sup +} transfers. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  11. Exploring new generations of ruthenium olefin metathesis catalysts: The reactivity of a bis-ylidene ruthenium complex by DFT

    KAUST Repository

    Poater, Albert

    2013-01-01

    Density functional theory calculations were used to predict the behaviour of a potential novel architecture of olefin metathesis catalysts, in which one of the neutral ligands of classical Ru-based catalysts, e.g. a phosphine or an N-heterocyclic carbene, is replaced by an alkylidene group. Introduction of a second alkylidene ligand favors dissociation of the remaining phosphine and the overall energy profile for the metathesis using ethylene as the probe substrate reveals that the proposed bis-alkylidene complexes might match the requirements of a good performing olefin metathesis catalyst. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  12. Preparation and Catalytic Application of MCM-41 Modified with a Ferrocene Carboxyphosphine and a Ruthenium Complex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štěpnička, P.; Demel, J.; Čejka, Jiří

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 224, - (2004), s. 161-169 ISSN 1381-1169 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/02/0571; GA ČR GA203/99/M037 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : ferrocene carboxyphosphine * MCM-41 * ruthenium Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 2.316, year: 2004

  13. MIXED-METAL COMPLEXES OF MIXED-VALENT DINUCLEAR RUTHENIUM(II,III CARBOXYLATE AND TETRACYANIDONICKELATE(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiro Mikuriya

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Mixed-metal chain complexes constructed from lantern-type dinuclear ruthenium(II,III carboxylate unit and tetracyanidonickelate(II, (PPh4n[Ru2(O2CCH34Ni(CN4]n•nH2O (1 and (PPh4n[Ru2{O2CC(CH33}4]3n[Ni(CN4]2n•2nH2O (2, where very weak antiferromagnetic interaction is operating, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and IR and UV-vis spectroscopies and temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibilities (4.5—300K.

  14. Solid-Phase Synthesis as a Platform for the Discovery of New Ruthenium Complexes for Efficient Release of Photocaged Ligands with Visible Light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Rajgopal; Knoll, Jessica D.; Ancona, Nicholas; Martin, Phillip D.; Turro, Claudia; Kodanko, Jeremy J.

    2015-01-01

    Ruthenium-based photocaging groups have important applications as biological tools and show great potential as therapeutics. A method was developed to rapidly synthesize, screen and identify ruthenium-based caging groups that release nitriles upon irradiation with visible light. A diverse library of tetra- and pentadentate ligands was synthesized on polystyrene resin. Ruthenium complexes of the general formula [Ru(L)(MeCN)n]m+ (n = 1–3, m = 1–2) were generated from these ligands on solid phase, then cleaved from resin for photochemical analysis. Data indicate a wide range of spectral tuning and reactivity with visible light. Three complexes that showed strong absorbance in the visible range were synthesized by solution phase for comparison. Photochemical behavior of solution- and solid-phase complexes was in good agreement, confirming that the library approach is useful in identifying candidates with desired photoreactivity in short order, avoiding time consuming chromatography and compound purification. PMID:25611351

  15. New Class of Half-Sandwich Ruthenium(II) Arene Complexes Bearing the Water-Soluble CAP Ligand as an in Vitro Anticancer Agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerriero, Antonella; Oberhauser, Werner; Riedel, Tina; Peruzzini, Maurizio; Dyson, Paul J; Gonsalvi, Luca

    2017-05-15

    Ruthenium(II) arene complexes of 1,4,7-triaza-9-phosphatricyclo[5.3.2.1]tridecane (CAP) were obtained. Cytotoxicity studies against cancer cell lines reveal higher activity than the corresponding PTA analogues and, in comparison to the effects on noncancerous cells, the complexes are endowed with a reasonable degree of cancer cell selectivity.

  16. An Electrochemical and Raman Spectroscopy Study of the Surface Behaviour of Mononuclear Ruthenium and Osmium Polypyridyl Complexes Based on Pyridyl- and Thiophene-Based Linkers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halpin, Yvonne; Logtenberg, Hella; Cleary, Laura; Schenk, Stephan; Schulz, Martin; Draksharapu, Apparao; Browne, Wesley R.; Vos, Johannes G.

    2013-01-01

    The utility of a thiophene anchor unit as an alternative for thiols in the immobilisation of ruthenium and osmium complexes on gold and platinum is examined with special attention focused on the relative contributions of physi- and chemisorption of the complexes and the chemical stability of the

  17. A sulfhydryl-reactive ruthenium (II complex and its conjugation to protein G as a universal reagent for fluorescent immunoassays.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Tang Lin

    Full Text Available To develop a fluorescent ruthenium complex for biosensing, we synthesized a novel sulfhydryl-reactive compound, 4-bromophenanthroline bis-2,2'-dipyridine Ruthenium bis (hexafluorophosphate. The synthesized Ru(II complex was crosslinked with thiol-modified protein G to form a universal reagent for fluorescent immunoassays. The resulting Ru(II-protein G conjugates were identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE. The emission peak wavelength of the Ru(II-protein G conjugate was 602 nm at the excitation of 452 nm which is similar to the spectra of the Ru(II complex, indicating that Ru(II-protein G conjugates still remain the same fluorescence after conjugation. To test the usefulness of the conjugate for biosensing, immunoglobulin G (IgG binding assay was conducted. The result showed that Ru(II-protein G conjugates were capable of binding IgG and the more cross-linkers to modify protein G, the higher conjugation efficiency. To demonstrate the feasibility of Ru(II-protein G conjugates for fluorescent immunoassays, the detection of recombinant histidine-tagged protein using the conjugates and anti-histidine antibody was developed. The results showed that the histidine-tagged protein was successfully detected with dose-response, indicating that Ru(II-protein G conjugate is a useful universal fluorescent reagent for quantitative immunoassays.

  18. Electrochemical DNA biosensor for detection of porcine oligonucleotides using ruthenium(II) complex as intercalator label redox

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halid, Nurul Izni Abdullah; Hasbullah, Siti Aishah; Heng, Lee Yook; Karim, Nurul Huda Abd [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan (Malaysia); Ahmad, Haslina; Harun, Siti Norain [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    A DNA biosensor detection of oligonucleotides via the interactions of porcine DNA with redox active complex based on the electrochemical transduction is described. A ruthenium(II) complex, [Ru(bpy){sub 2}(PIP)]{sup 2+}, (bpy = 2,2′bipyridine, PIP = 2-phenylimidazo[4,5-f[[1,10-phenanthroline]) as DNA label has been synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR and mass spectra. The study was carried out by covalent bonding immobilization of porcine aminated DNA probes sequences on screen printed electrode (SPE) modified with succinimide-acrylic microspheres and [Ru(bpy){sub 2}(PIP)]{sup 2+} was used as electrochemical redox intercalator label to detect DNA hybridization event. Electrochemical detection was performed by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) over the potential range where the ruthenium (II) complex was active. The results indicate that the interaction of [Ru(bpy){sub 2}(PIP)]{sup 2+} with hybridization complementary DNA has higher response compared to single-stranded and mismatch complementary DNA.

  19. Synthesis and properties of mixed-ligand ruthenium(II) complexes containing 2-(2-pyridyl)-benzimidazole and related ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haga, Masaaki; Tanaka, Toshio.

    1979-01-01

    Mixed-ligand ruthenium(II) complexes of the [Ru(bpy) 2 L]sup(n+) (ClO 4 )sub(n) type, where bpy= 2,2'-bipyridine; L= 2-(2-pyridyl)-benzimidazole (PBImH) when n= 2, and L= 2-(2-pyridyl)-benzimidazolate (PBIm) and 2-(o-hydroxyphenyl)-benzimidazole (OBImH) when n= 1, were prepared. Anodic peak potentials and ruthenium-to-bipyridine charge transfer bands of these complexes are rationalized in terms of the donor ability of L. (author)

  20. The development of ruthenium(ii) polypyridyl complexes and conjugates for in vitro cellular and in vivo applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poynton, Fergus E; Bright, Sandra A; Blasco, Salvador; Williams, D Clive; Kelly, John M; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2017-12-11

    Ruthenium(ii) [Ru(ii)] polypyridyl complexes have been the focus of intense investigations since work began exploring their supramolecular interactions with DNA. In recent years, there have been considerable efforts to translate this solution-based research into a biological environment with the intention of developing new classes of probes, luminescent imaging agents, therapeutics and theranostics. In only 10 years the field has expanded with diverse applications for these complexes as imaging agents and promising candidates for therapeutics. In light of these efforts this review exclusively focuses on the developments of these complexes in biological systems, both in cells and in vivo, and hopes to communicate to readers the diversity of applications within which these complexes have found use, as well as new insights gained along the way and challenges that researchers in this field still face.

  1. Heteroleptic monometallic and trimetallic ruthenium(II) complexes incorporating a π-extended dipyrrin ligand: Light-activated reactions with the A549 lung cancer cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swavey, Shawn; Morford, Krista; Tsao, Max; Comfort, Kristen; Kilroy, Mary Kate

    2017-10-01

    A heteroleptic monometallic ruthenium(II) and a heteroleptic trimetallic ruthenium(II) complex have been synthesized and characterized. Both complexes have an overall 3+ charge, with the charge density greater for the monometallic complex. The electronic spectra of the monometallic ruthenium(II) complex exhibits intense π-π* transitions associated with the bipyridyl groups along with overlapping metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand centered π-π* transitions ranging from 520nm to approximately 600nm. The trimetallic ruthenium(II) complex, on the other hand, displays more well defined transitions with the expected π-π* transition of the bipyridyl groups at 294nm and Ru(dπ) to bpy(π*) MLCT transitions at 355nm and 502nm. In addition to these absorption bands an intense transition, 578nm, resulting from overlapping dipyrrin (π-π*) and Ru(dπ) to dipyrrin(π*) transitions is observed. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical experiments were used to help in assigning these transitions. Irradiation of the complexes in the presence of plasmid DNA within the photodynamic therapy window (600nm to 850nm) reveal, using electrophoresis, that both complexes are capable of causing photo-damage to the DNA backbone. The trimetallic ruthenium(II) complex; however, also shows the ability to generate photoinduced DNA damage in the absence of oxygen, suggesting a photo-oxidative process. Studies of the complexes toward lung cancer cells (A549 cell line) in the absence of light indicate little cytotoxicity up to 50μM. Upon irradiation of the cells with a low power 420nm light source the trimetallic complex showed considerably greater photo-cytotoxicity compared to the monometallic analog. A dose-dependent response curve gives an IC50 of 92μM for complex B. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Electronic structures of ruthenium and osmium complexes of 9,10-phenanthrenequinone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Manas Kumar; Patra, Sarat Chandra; Maity, Amarendra Nath; Ke, Shyue-Chu; Adhikary, Nirmal Das; Ghosh, Prasanta

    2012-06-18

    The reaction of 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) with [M(II)(H)(CO)(X)(PPh(3))(3)] in boiling toluene leads to the homolytic cleavage of the M(II)-H bond, affording the paramagnetic trans-[M(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)X] (M = Ru, X = Cl, 1; M = Os, X = Br, 3) and cis-[M(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)X] (M = Ru, X = Cl, 2; M = Os, X = Br, 4) complexes. Single-crystal X-ray structure determinations of 1, 2·toluene, and 4·CH(2)Cl(2), EPR spectra, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations have substantiated that 1-4 are 9,10-phenanthrenesemiquinone radical (PQ(•-)) complexes of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) and are defined as trans-[Ru(II)(PQ(•-))(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Cl] (1), cis-[Ru(II)(PQ(•-))(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Cl] (2), trans-[Os(II)(PQ(•-))(PPh(3))(2)(CO) Br] (3), and cis-[Os(II)(PQ(•-))(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Br] (4). Two comparatively longer C-O [average lengths: 1, 1.291(3) Å; 2·toluene, 1.281(5) Å; 4·CH(2)Cl(2), 1.300(8) Å] and shorter C-C lengths [1, 1.418(5) Å; 2·toluene, 1.439(6) Å; 4·CH(2)Cl(2), 1.434(9) Å] of the OO chelates are consistent with the presence of a reduced PQ(•-) ligand in 1-4. A minor contribution of the alternate resonance form, trans- or cis-[M(I)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)X], of 1-4 has been predicted by the anisotropic X- and Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of the frozen glasses of the complexes at 25 K and unrestricted DFT calculations on 1, trans-[Ru(PQ)(PMe(3))(2)(CO)Cl] (5), cis-[Ru(PQ)(PMe(3))(2)(CO)Cl] (6), and cis-[Os(PQ)(PMe(3))(2)(CO)Br] (7). However, no thermodynamic equilibria between [M(II)(PQ(•-))(PPh(3))(2)(CO)X] and [M(I)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)X] tautomers have been detected. 1-4 undergo one-electron oxidation at -0.06, -0.05, 0.03, and -0.03 V versus a ferrocenium/ferrocene, Fc(+)/Fc, couple because of the formation of PQ complexes as trans-[Ru(II)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Cl](+) (1(+)), cis-[Ru(II)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Cl](+) (2(+)), trans-[Os(II)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Br](+) (3(+)), and cis-[Os(II)(PQ)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)Br](+) (4(+)). The trans

  3. Ruthenium complex with benznidazole and nitric oxide as a new candidate for the treatment of chagas disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Sesti-Costa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Chagas disease remains a serious medical and social problem in Latin America and is an emerging concern in nonendemic countries as a result of population movement, transfusion of infected blood or organs and congenital transmission. The current treatment of infected patients is unsatisfactory due to strain-specific drug resistance and the side effects of the current medications. For this reason, the discovery of safer and more effective chemotherapy is mandatory for the successful treatment and future eradication of Chagas disease.We investigated the effect of a ruthenium complex with benznidazole and nitric oxide (RuBzNO2 against Trypanosoma cruzi both in vitro and in vivo. Our results demonstrated that RuBzNO2 was more effective than the same concentrations of benznidazole (Bz in eliminating both the extracellular trypomastigote and the intracellular amastigote forms of the parasite, with no cytotoxic effect in mouse cells. In vivo treatment with the compound improved the survival of infected mice, inhibiting heart damage more efficiently than Bz alone. Accordingly, tissue inflammation and parasitism was significantly diminished after treatment with RuBzNO2 in a more effective manner than that with the same concentrations of Bz.The complexation of Bz with ruthenium and nitric oxide (RuBzNO2 increases its effectiveness against T. cruzi and enables treatment with lower concentrations of the compound, which may reduce the side effects of Bz. Our findings provide a new potential candidate for the treatment of Chagas disease.

  4. Synthesis, characterisation, cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of functionalised magnetic ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex core-shell nanocomposite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandibanda, Srinivasa Rao; Gundeboina, Narasihmha; Das, Sourav; Sunkara, V Manorama

    2018-01-01

    The development of multifunctional nanoparticles comprising of a magnetic core in conjunction with appropriate molecules with capabilities to impart functionalities like luminescent, specific binding sites to facilitate attachment of moieties. This has attracted increasing attention and enables identification of promising candidates using for applications such as diagnostics and cure through early detection and localized delivery. Many studies have been performed on the synthesis and cellular interactions of core-shell nanoparticles, in which a functional inorganic core is coated with a biocompatible polymer layer that should reduce nonspecific uptake and cytotoxicity Here we report the synthesis and characterisation of multifunctional core-shell magnetic, luminescent nanocomposite (Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 @[Ru(Phen) 3 ] 2+ @SiO 2 @NH 2 ). Fe 3 O 4 as core and a luminescent ruthenium (II) complex encapsulated with silica shell, and then it is functionalized by an amine group by APTMS. The magnetic, luminescent, and biological activity of this multifunctional nanocomposite have also been studied to prove the nanocomposite is biocompatible, cellular uptake. The synthesized nanocomposite was completely characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and emission spectroscopy. MTT assay and cellular uptake by flow cytometry results proved that magnetic ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex - core shell nanocomposite has biocompatibility, minimum cytotoxicity and internalized inside B16F10 cells and confirms the potential biomedical applications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Highly Charged Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes as Lysosome-Localized Photosensitizers for Two-Photon Photodynamic Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huaiyi; Yu, Bole; Zhang, Pingyu; Huang, Juanjuan; Chen, Yu; Gasser, Gilles; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2015-11-16

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a noninvasive medical technique that has received increasing attention over the last years and been applied for the treatment of certain types of cancer. However, the currently clinically used PDT agents have several limitations, such as low water solubility, poor photostability, and limited selectivity towards cancer cells, aside from having very low two-photon cross-sections around 800 nm, which limits their potential use in TP-PDT. To tackle these drawbacks, three highly positively charged ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes were synthesized. These complexes selectively localize in the lysosomes, an ideal localization for PDT purposes. One of these complexes showed an impressive phototoxicity index upon irradiation at 800 nm in 3D HeLa multicellular tumor spheroids and thus holds great promise for applications in two-photon photodynamic therapy. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Role of Mediator and Effects of Temperature on ortho-C-N Bond Fusion Reactions of Aniline Using Ruthenium Templates: Isolation and Characterization of New Ruthenium Complexes of the in-Situ-Generated Ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Suman K; Sengupta, Debabrata; Rath, Santi Prasad; Saha, Tanushri; Samanta, Subhas; Goswami, Sreebrata

    2017-05-01

    In this work, ortho-C-N bond fusion reactions of aniline are followed by the use of two different ruthenium mediators. Reaction of aniline with [Ru III (terpy)Cl 3 ] (terpy = 2,2':6',2″-terpyridine) resulted in a trans bis-aniline ruthenium(II) complex [1] + which upon oxidation with H 2 O 2 produced compound [2] + of a bidentate ligand, N-phenyl-1,2-benzoquinonediimine, due to an oxidative ortho-C-N bond fusion reaction. Complex [1] + and aniline (neat) at 185 °C produced a bis-chelated ruthenium complex (3). A previously reported complex [Ru II (N-phenyl-1,2-benzoquinonediimine)(aniline) 2 (Cl) 2 ] (5) undergoes similar oxidation by air at 185 °C to produce complex [3]. A separate chemical reaction between aniline and strongly oxidizing tetra-n-propylammonium perruthenate [(n-pr) 4 N] + [RuO 4 ] - in air produced a ruthenium complex [4] of a N 4 -tetraamidophenylmacrocycle ligand via multiple ortho-C-N bond fusion reaction. Notably, the yield of this product is low (5%) at 100 °C but increases to 25% in refluxing aniline. All these complexes are characterized fully by their physicochemical characterizations and X-ray structure determination. From their structural parameters and other spectroscopic studies, complex [2] + is assigned as [Ru II (terpy)(N-phenyl-1,2-benzoquinonediimine)(Cl)] + whereas complex [4] is described as a ruthenium(VI) complex comprised of a reduced deprotonated N-phenyl-1,2-diamidobenzene and N 4 -tetraamidophenylmacrocyclic ligand. Complex [2] + exhibits one reversible oxidation at 1.32 V and one reversible reduction at -0.75 V vs Ag/AgCl reference electrode. EPR of the electrogenerated complexes has revealed that the oxidized complex is a ruthenium(III) complex with an axial EPR spectrum at g av = 2.06. The reduced complex [2], on the other hand, shows a single-line EPR signal at g av = 1.998. In contrast, complex [4] shows two successive one-electron oxidation waves at 0.5 and 0.8 V and an irreversible reduction wave at -0.9 V. EPR

  7. Pharmacological Activities of Ruthenium Complexes Related to Their NO Scavenging Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellarin, Anna; Zorzet, Sonia; Bergamo, Alberta; Sava, Gianni

    2016-08-02

    Angiogenesis is considered responsible for the growth of primary tumours and of their metastases. With the present study, the effects of three ruthenium compounds, potassiumchlorido (ethylendiamminotetraacetate)rutenate(III) (RuEDTA), sodium (bis-indazole)tetrachloro-ruthenate(III), Na[trans-RuCl₄Ind₂] (KP1339) and trans-imidazoledimethylsulphoxidetetrachloro-ruthenate (NAMI-A), are studied in vitro in models mimicking the angiogenic process. The ruthenium compounds reduced the production and the release of nitrosyls from either healthy macrophages and immortalized EA.hy926 endothelial cells. The effects of NAMI-A are qualitatively similar and sometimes quantitatively superior to those of RuEDTA and KP1339. NAMI-A reduces the production and release of nitric oxide (NO) by the EA.hy926 endothelial cells and correspondingly inhibits their invasive ability; it also strongly inhibits the angiogenesis in matrigel sponges implanted subcutaneously in healthy mice. Taken together, these data support the anti-angiogenic activity of the tested ruthenium compounds and they contribute to explain the selective activity of NAMI-A against solid tumour metastases, the tumour compartment on which angiogenesis is strongly involved. This anti-angiogenic effect may also contribute to the inhibition of the release of metastatic cells from the primary tumour. Investigations on the anti-angiogenic effects of NAMI-A at this level will increase knowledge of its pharmacological properties and it will give a further impulse to the development of this class of innovative metal-based drugs.

  8. Binuclear ruthenium(III) bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: synthesis, spectral, electrochemical studies and catalytic oxidation of alcohol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed Subarkhan, M; Ramesh, R

    2015-03-05

    A new series of binuclear ruthenium(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes of general formula [(EPh3)2(X)2Ru-L-Ru(X)2(EPh3)2] (where E=P or As; X=Cl or Br; L=NS chelating bis(thiosemicarbazone ligands) has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, UV-Vis and EPR). IR spectra show that the thiosemicarbazones behave as monoanionic bidentate ligands coordinating through the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulphur. The electronic spectra of the complexes indicate that the presence of d-d and intense LMCT transitions in the visible region. The complexes are paramagnetic (low spin d(5)) in nature and all the complexes show rhombic distortion around the ruthenium ion with three different 'g' values (gx≠gy≠gz) at 77K. All the complexes are redox active and exhibit an irreversible metal centered redox processes (Ru(III)-Ru(III)/Ru(IV)-Ru(IV); Ru(III)-Ru(III)/Ru(II)-Ru(II)) within the potential range of 0.38-0.86V and -0.39 to -0.66 V respectively, versus Ag/AgCl. Further, the catalytic efficiency of one of the complexes [Ru2Cl2(AsPh3)4(L1)] (4) has been investigated in the case of oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols into their corresponding aldehydes and ketones in the presence of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide(NMO) as co-oxidant. The formation of high valent Ru(V)O species is proposed as catalytic intermediate for the catalytic cycle. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Strategies for overcoming tropical disease by ruthenium complexes with purine analog: Application against Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fandzloch, Marzena; Arriaga, José Manuel Méndez; Sánchez-Moreno, Manuel; Wojtczak, Andrzej; Jezierska, Julia; Sitkowski, Jerzy; Wiśniewska, Joanna; Salas, Juan Manuel; Łakomska, Iwona

    2017-11-01

    Tropical diseases currently constitute a major health problem and thus a challenge in the field of drug discovery. The current treatments show serious disadvantages due to cost, toxicity, long therapy duration and resistance, and the use of metal complexes as chemotherapeutic agents against these ailments appears to be a very attractive alternative. Herein, we describe three newly synthesized ruthenium complexes with a bioactive molecule, the purine analogue 5,6,7-trimethyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (tmtp): cis,fac-[RuCl 2 (dmso) 3 (tmtp)] (1), mer-[RuCl 3 (dmso)(H 2 O)(tmtp)]·2H 2 O (2) and fac,cis-[RuCl 3 (H 2 O)(tmtp) 2 ] (3). Their structures were characterized using X-ray and spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR or EPR). The stability of the synthesized complexes 1-3 in various buffered solutions (pH=3-7.4) was monitored using conventional and stopped-flow techniques. The in vitro antiproliferative activity of all ruthenium complexes against promastigote forms of Leishmania spp. (L. infantum, L. braziliensis, and L. donovani) and epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi was investigated. Notably, the results showed that the activity of 1 against L. brasiliensis was more than three-fold higher than that of glucantime, and 1 showed no appreciable toxicity towards J774.2 macrophages. Additionally, 2 displayed even 141-fold lower toxicity against host cells than glucantime, demonstrating significantly higher selectivity than the reference drug. Therefore, 1 and 2 appear to be excellent candidates for further development as potential drugs for the effective treatment of leishmaniasis and Chagas disease. All novel complexes were also shown to be potent inhibitors of Fe-SOD in the studied species, while their effects on human CuZn-SOD were very low. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Multispectroscopic Investigation of the Interaction Between two Ruthenium(II) Arene Complexes of Curcumin Analogs and Human Serum Albumin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shan; Peng, Shushu; Zhu, Fawei; Lei, Xiaolin; Xiao, Qi; Su, Wei; Liu, Yi; Huang, Chusheng; Zhang, Lixia

    2016-02-01

    The interaction between two ruthenium(II) arene complexes of curcumin analogs and human serum albumin (HSA) was systematically investigated by multispectroscopic techniques. The fluorescence spectral results indicated that two complexes quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA through static quenching mode. The quenching constants and the corresponding thermodynamic parameters at different temperatures were calculated. The binding interactions of two complexes with HSA resulted in the complex formation of complex-HSA, and the van der Waals interactions and hydrogen bond interactions played major roles in the complex stabilization. The distances between HSA and two complexes were obtained according to fluorescence resonance energy transfer theory. The site competitive replacement experiments illustrated that two complexes mainly bounded with HSA on site I. The results of synchronous fluorescence spectra, three-dimensional fluorescence spectra, FT-IR spectra, and circular dichroism spectra indicated that the secondary structure of HSA was changed at the present of two complexes. The results of mass spectrometry further validated the binding interaction and the binding number between two complexes and HSA.

  11. Visible-Light-Driven Photoisomerization and Increased Rotation Speed of a Molecular Motor Acting as a Ligand in a Ruthenium(II) Complex

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wezenberg, Sander J.; Chen, Kuang-Yen; Feringa, Ben L.

    2015-01-01

    Toward the development of visible-light-driven molecular rotary motors, an overcrowded alkene-based ligand and the corresponding ruthenium(II) complex is presented. In our design, a 4,5-diazafluorenyl coordination motif is directly integrated into the motor function. The photochemical and thermal

  12. Interactions of the "piano-stool" [ruthenium(II)(éta6-arene)(en)Cl]+ complexes with water and nucleobases; ab initio and DFT study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Futera, Z.; Klenko, J.; Šponer, Judit E.; Šponer, Jiří; Burda, J.V.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 12 (2009), s. 1758-1770 ISSN 0192-8651 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA400550701 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : quantum chemical calculations * piano -stool ruthenium complexes Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 3.769, year: 2009

  13. Novel C,N-Cyclometalated Benzimidazole Ruthenium(II) and Iridium(III) Complexes as Antitumor and Antiangiogenic Agents: A Structure-Activity Relationship Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yellol, Jyoti; Pérez, Sergio A; Buceta, Alicia; Yellol, Gorakh; Donaire, Antonio; Szumlas, Piotr; Bednarski, Patrick J; Makhloufi, Gamall; Janiak, Christoph; Espinosa, Arturo; Ruiz, José

    2015-09-24

    A series of novel C,N-cyclometalated benzimidazole ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) complexes of the types [(η(6)-p-cymene)RuCl(κ(2)-N,C-L)] and [(η(5)-C5Me5)IrCl(κ(2)-N,C-L)] (HL = methyl 1-butyl-2-arylbenzimidazolecarboxylate) with varying substituents (H, Me, F, CF3, MeO, NO2, and Ph) in the R4 position of the phenyl ring of 2-phenylbenzimidazole chelating ligand of the ruthenium (3a-g) and iridium complexes (4a-g) have been prepared. The cytotoxic activity of the new ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) compounds has been evaluated in a panel of cell lines (A2780, A2780cisR, A427, 5637, LCLC, SISO, and HT29) in order to investigate structure-activity relationships. Phenyl substitution at the R4 position shows increased potency in both Ru and Ir complexes (3g and 4g, respectively) as compared to their parent compounds (3a and 4a) in all cell lines. In general, ruthenium complexes are more active than the corresponding iridium complexes. The new ruthenium and iridium compounds increased caspase-3 activity in A2780 cells, as shown for 3a,d and 4a,d. Compound 4g is able to increase the production of ROS in A2780 cells. Furthermore, all the new compounds are able to overcome the cisplatin resistance in A2780cisR cells. In addition, some of the metal complexes effectively inhibit angiogenesis in the human umbilical vein endothelial cell line EA.hy926 at 0.5 μM, the ruthenium derivatives 3g (Ph) and 3d (CF3) being the best performers. QC calculations performed on some ruthenium model complexes showed only moderate or slight electron depletion at the phenyl ring of the C,N-cyclometalated ligand and the chlorine atom on increasing the electron withdrawing effect of the R substituent.

  14. Effects of the aromatic substitution pattern in cation-π sandwich complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wireduaah, Selina; Parker, Trent M; Lewis, Michael

    2013-03-28

    A computational study investigating the effects of the aromatic substitution pattern on the structure and binding energies of cation-π sandwich complexes is reported. The correlation between the binding energies (Ebind) and Hammett substituent constants is approximately the same as what is observed for cation-π half-sandwich complexes. For cation-π sandwich complexes where both aromatics contain substituents the issue of relative conformation is a possible factor in the strength of the binding; however, the work presented here shows the Ebind values are approximately the same regardless of the relative conformation of the two substituted aromatics. Finally, recent computational work has shown conflicting results on whether cation-π sandwich Ebind values (Ebind,S) are approximately equal to twice the respective half-sandwich Ebind values (Ebind,HS), or if cation-π sandwich Ebind,S values are less than double the respective half-sandwich Ebind,HS values. The work presented here shows that for cation-π sandwich complexes involving substituted aromatics the Ebind,S values are less than twice the respective half-sandwich Ebind,HS values, and this is termed nonadditive. The extent to which the cation-π sandwich complexes investigated here are nonadditive is greater for B3LYP calculated values than for MP2 calculated values and for sandwich complexes with electron-donating substituents than those with electron-withdrawing groups.

  15. Ruthenium meso-Tetrakis(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin Complex Immobilized in Mesoporous MCM-41 as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Selective Alkene Epoxidations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chun-Jing; Yu, Wing-Yiu; Li, Shou-Gui; Che, Chi-Ming

    1998-10-16

    A ruthenium complex of meso-tetrakis(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin, [Ru(II)(TDCPP)(CO)(EtOH)], is immobilized into mesoporous MCM-41 molecular sieves; the supported Ru catalyst can effect highly selective heterogeneous alkene epoxidations using 2,6-dichloropyridine N-oxide as terminal oxidant. Aromatic and aliphatic alkenes can be efficiently converted to their epoxides in good yields and selectivities, and cis-alkenes such as cis-stilbene, cis-beta-methylstyrene, and cis-beta-deuteriostyrene are epoxidized stereospecifically. Oxidation of cycloalkenes, e.g., norbornene and cyclooctene, can be carried out effectively using the heterogeneous Ru-catalyzed reaction while these alkenes are unreactive in the zeolite-based titanium silicate (TS-1)-catalyzed conditions (Murugavel, R.; Roesky, H. W. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1997, 36, 477). On the other hand, the Ru/M-41(m) catalyst displays size selectivity in the (+)-limonene oxidation where the terminal C=C bond (vs internal trisubstituted C=C bond) becomes more readily oxidized. Bulky 3,4,6-tri-O-benzyl-D-glucal has failed to react under the heterogeneous Ru-catalyzed conditions, whereas the smaller acetyl derivative is converted to a 3:1 mixture of alpha- and beta-glycal epoxides. The Ru/M-41(m) catalyst can be used repeatedly, and 67% of its initial activity is retained after 11 691 turnovers (three runs). The loss of activity is attributed to catalyst leaching and/or deactivation. On the basis of Hammett correlation (rho(+) = -0.72, R = 0.997) and product studies (cyclohexene and cis-alkenes as the substrates), a reactive dioxoruthenium(VI) porphyrin intermediate is not favored. An oxoruthenium(V) complex or oxoruthenium(IV) porphyrin cation radical could be the key intermediate for this highly selective epoxidation reaction.

  16. Solvation Effect on Complexation of Alkali Metal Cations by a Calix[4]arene Ketone Derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Požar, Josip; Nikšić-Franjić, Ivana; Cvetnić, Marija; Leko, Katarina; Cindro, Nikola; Pičuljan, Katarina; Borilović, Ivana; Frkanec, Leo; Tomišić, Vladislav

    2017-09-14

    The medium effect on the complexation of alkali metal cations with a calix[4]arene ketone derivative (L) was systematically examined in methanol, ethanol, N-methylformamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, and acetonitrile. In all solvents the binding of Na + cation by L was rather efficient, whereas the complexation of other alkali metal cations was observed only in methanol and acetonitrile. Complexation reactions were enthalpically controlled, while ligand dissolution was endothermic in all cases. A notable influence of the solvent on NaL + complex stability could be mainly attributed to the differences in complexation entropies. The higher NaL + stability in comparison to complexes with other alkali metal cations in acetonitrile was predominantly due to a more favorable complexation enthalpy. The 1 H NMR investigations revealed a relatively low affinity of the calixarene sodium complex for inclusion of the solvent molecule in the calixarene hydrophobic cavity, with the exception of acetonitrile. Differences in complex stabilities in the explored solvents, apart from N,N-dimethylformamide and acetonitrile, could be mostly explained by taking into account solely the cation and complex solvation. A considerable solvent effect on the complexation equilibria was proven to be due to an interesting interplay between the transfer enthalpies and entropies of the reactants and the complexes formed.

  17. The contrasting chemistry and cancer cell cytotoxicity of bipyridine and bipyridinediol ruthenium(II) arene complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bugarcic, T.; Habtemariam, A.; Štěpánková, Jana; Heringová, Pavla; Kašpárková, Jana; Deeth, R.J.; Johnstone, R.D.L.; Prescimone, A.; Parkin, A.; Parsons, S.; Brabec, Viktor; Sadler, P.J.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 24 (2008), s. 11470-11486 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06030; GA MŠk(CZ) ME08017; GA MŠk(CZ) OC08003; GA AV ČR(CZ) 1QS500040581; GA AV ČR(CZ) KAN200200651; GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA400040803; GA MZd(CZ) NR8562 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : DNA * ruthenium * cancer Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 4.147, year: 2008

  18. Cytotoxicity, cellular uptake, and DNA interactions of new monodentate ruthenium(II) complexes containing terphenyl arenes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bugarcic, T.; Nováková, Olga; Halámiková, Anna; Zerzánková, Lenka; Vrána, Oldřich; Kašpárková, Jana; Habtemariam, A.; Parsons, S.; Sadler, P.J.; Brabec, Viktor

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 51, - (2008), s. 5310-5319 ISSN 0022-2623 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06030; GA MŠk(CZ) ME08017; GA MŠk(CZ) OC08003; GA AV ČR(CZ) 1QS500040581; GA AV ČR(CZ) KAN200200651; GA ČR(CZ) GA203/06/1239; GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA400040803; GA MZd(CZ) NR8562 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : DNA * ruthenium * cancer Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 4.898, year: 2008

  19. Bifunctional amine-tethered ruthenium(II) arene complexes form monofunctional adducts on DNA

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Melchart, M.; Habtemariam, A.; Nováková, Olga; Moggach, S.A.; Fabbiani, F.P.A.; Parsons, S.; Brabec, Viktor; Sadler, P.J.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 21 (2007), s. 8950-8962 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA305/05/2030; GA ČR(CZ) GA203/06/1239; GA AV ČR(CZ) 1QS500040581; GA AV ČR(CZ) KAN200200651 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : DNA * ruthenium * cancer Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 4.123, year: 2007

  20. Role of intercalation and redox potential in DNA photosensitization by ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: assessment using DNA repair protein tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gicquel, Etienne; Souchard, Jean-Pierre; Magnusson, Fay; Chemaly, Jad; Calsou, Patrick; Vicendo, Patricia

    2013-08-01

    Here we report that the photoreactivity of ruthenium(II) complexes with nucleobases may not only be modulated by their photoredox properties but also by their DNA binding mode. The damage resulting from photolysis of synthetic oligonucleotides and plasmid DNA by [Ru(bpz)3](2+), [Ru(bipy)3](2+) and the two DNA intercalating agents [Ru(bpz)2dppz](2+) and [Ru(bipy)2dppz](2+) has been monitored by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and by tests using proteins involved in DNA repair processes (DNA-PKCs, Ku80, Ku70, and PARP-1). The data show that intercalation controls the nature of the DNA damage photo-induced by ruthenium(II) complexes reacting with DNA via an electron transfer process. The intercalating agent [Ru(bpz)2dppz](2+) is a powerful DNA breaker inducing the formation of both single and double (DSBs) strand breaks which are recognized by the PARP-1 and DNA-PKCs proteins respectively. [Ru(bpz)2dppz](2+) is the first ruthenium(II) complex described in the literature that is able to induce DSBs by an electron transfer process. In contrast, its non-intercalating parent compound, [Ru(bpz)3](2+), is mostly an efficient DNA alkylating agent. Photoadducts are recognized by the proteins Ku70 and Ku80 as with cisplatin adducts. This result suggests that photoaddition of [Ru(bpz)2dppz](2+) is strongly affected by its DNA intercalation whereas its photonuclease activity is exalted. The data clearly show that DNA intercalation decreases drastically the photonuclease activity of ruthenium(II) complexes oxidizing guanine via the production of singlet oxygen. Interestingly, the DNA sequencing data revealed that the ligand dipyridophenazine exhibits on single-stranded oligonucleotides a preference for the 5'-TGCGT-3' sequence. Moreover the use of proteins involved in DNA repair processes to detect DNA damage was a powerful tool to examine the photoreactivity of ruthenium(II) complexes with nucleic acids.

  1. Development of a Novel Lysosome-Targeted Ruthenium(II) Complex for Phosphorescence/Time-Gated Luminescence Assay of Biothiols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Quankun; Zhang, Wenzhu; Song, Bo; Zhang, Run; Guo, Weihua; Yuan, Jingli

    2017-04-18

    Considering the important roles of biothiols in lysosomes of live organisms, and unique photophysical/photochemical properties of ruthenium(II) complexes, a novel ruthenium(II) complex, Ru-2, has been developed as a molecular probe for phosphorescence and time-gated luminescence assay of biothiols in human sera, live cells, and in vivo. Ru-2 is weakly luminescent due to the effective photoinduced electron transfer (PET) from Ru(II) luminophore to electron acceptor, 2,4-dinitrobenzene-sulfonyl (DNBS). In the presence of biothiols, such as glutathione (GSH), cysteine (Cys), and homocysteine (Hcy), the emission of Ru-2 solution was switched ON, as a result of the cleavage of quencher to form the product, Ru-1. Ru-2 showed high selectivity and sensitivity for the detection of biothiols under physiological conditions, with detection limits of 62 nM, 146 nM, and 115 nM for GSH, Cys, and Hcy, respectively. The emission lifetimes of Ru-1 and Ru-2 were measured to be 405 and 474 ns, respectively, which enabled them to be used for the background-free time-gated luminescence detection even in the presence of strongly fluorescent dye, rhodamine B. On the basis of this mode, the quantification of biothiols in human serum samples was achieved without interference of background autofluorescence. A morpholine moiety was introduced into the complex to ensure Ru-2 molecules to be driven into lysosomes of live cells. Ru-2 showed low cytotoxicity and excellent membrane permeability toward live cells. Using Ru-2 as an imaging agent, visualizations of biothiols in lysosomes of live cells and in Daphnia magna were successfully demonstrated. The results suggested the potential of Ru-2 for the biomedical diagnosis of biothiol-related human diseases.

  2. The influence of complex cation on the change of O- defect in ammonium sulfate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orazbaev, A. Kh.

    1999-01-01

    By the methods of quantum chemistry a possibilities of oxygen ion formation during interaction of atomic oxygen as well as OH 0 OH - secondary defects with ammonium sulfate cation sublattice are considered. Calculations have been conducted by MNDO method. It is established, that ammonium ion does not exert an effect on atomic oxygen migration. The ion capture is more possible within cation sublattice. Interactions of cation complexes with OH - and OH 0 show, that neither atomic oxygen nor it ion formation does not have place in these cation complexes. It is noticed, that NH 3 0 defect could arise not only due to dissociative capture of electron by cation, but and in the post-radiation stage during interaction with oxygen ion. Obtained results allow to suppose a possible reasons of essential weakness of recombination luminescence in ammonium sulfate in comparison with alkaline metal sulfates

  3. Cytotoxic potency of self-assembled Ruthenium(II-NHC complexes with pincer type 2, 6-bis(N-methylimidazolylidene/benzimidazolylidenepyrazine ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gourisannkar Roymahapatra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the cytotoxic potency of self-assembled Ruthenium(II-NHC complexes with 2,6-di-(N-methylimidazolylidene/benzimidazolylidenepyrazine ligands. Materials and Methods: Ru(II-N-heterocyclic (Ru-NHC complexes, Bis-[2,6-di-(N-methylimidazol-2-ylidenepyrazine]ruthenium(II hexaflurophosphate (3, Bis-[2,6-di-(N-methylbenzimidazol-2-ylidenepyrazine]ruthenium(II hexaflurophosphate (4 have been synthesized from corresponding ligands 2,6-di-(N-methylimidazoliumpyrazine dichloride (1; 2,6-di-(N-methylbenzimidazoliumpyrazine dichloride (2. Complexes were studied to determine their pro-apoptotic activity against HCT15 and Hep2 cell lines, and antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Candida albicans. Results: Both, complex 3 and 4, formed a nanosphere structure in aqueous growth medium. Cytotoxicity study revealed that complex 3 was more effective than complex 4. Complexes mainly target cellular DNA and bacterial cell wall. Conclusion: This is the first report on the formation of nanoball structure of Ru(II-NHC complexes. Thus, complex 3 provides a new insight to develop antitumor or antimicrobial drug.

  4. Studies of Olefin Dimerization, Oligomerization, and Polymerization Catalyzed by Cationic (alpha-Diimine)Ni(II) Complexes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Svejda, Steven

    1999-01-01

    .... The development of cationic (alpha-diimine)nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes which catalyze the polymerization of both ethylene and alpha-olefins to high polymers represents a major advance in the field of olefin polymerization catalysis...

  5. Effect of principal and secondary ligands on the electronic structures and spectra of a series of ruthenium(II complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Yanli

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A DFT(density functional theory/TDDFT(time-dependent density functional theory investigation is performed to study the ground-state geometries, electronic structures, and absorption spectra of twelve ruthenium(II thiosemicarbazone complexes [Ru(CO(C(Ln], where Ln=derivatives of dibasic tetradentate Schiff-base ligand and X=AsPh3/PPh3/Py. The ground-state geometries are optimized at the B3LYP/6-31G(d-LANL2DZ level, and the spectra are simulated by means of TD-B3LYP/6-31G(d-LANL2DZ method on the basis of the optimized geometries. The influence of principal and secondary ligands (Ln and X on transition characters and absorption peak positions is evaluated.

  6. The complex nature of calcium cation interactions with phospholipid bilayers

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Melcrová, Adéla; Pokorná, Šárka; Pullanchery, S.; Kohagen, Miriam; Jurkiewicz, Piotr; Hof, Martin; Jungwirth, Pavel; Cremer, P. S.; Cwiklik, Lukasz

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 6, DEC 2016 (2016), č. článku 38035. ISSN 2045-2322 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP208/12/G016; GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01074S Institutional support: RVO:61388955 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : FLUORESCENCE SOLVENT RELAXATION * MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS * ALKALINE-EARTH CATIONS Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.259, year: 2016

  7. Electrochemiluminescent determination of nicotine based on tri(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II) complex through flow injection analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin Mengshan; Wang Junsheng; Lai Chienhung

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) processes of Ru(bpy) 3 2+ /nicotine system at ITO working electrode. An ECL-based method for rapid and sensitive detection of nicotine in phosphate buffer solution at pH 8.0 is established. Strong ECL emission was observed at a positive potential of 1.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. A possible ECL mechanism is proposed for the Ru(bpy) 3 2+ /nicotine system, the oxidation product of nicotine at the electrode surface reacts with the 3+ state of ruthenium bipyridyl (2+) complex and form ruthenium complex exited state ions and thus releases photons. Effect of pH (medium/electrolyte), working potential, buffer composition, buffer concentration, reactant and co-reactant (nicotine) concentration, flow rate and loop size on the ECL spectrum of the Ru(bpy) 3 2+ /nicotine were studied. At the optimized experimental conditions, lower detection limit for nicotine was observed as 1.2 nmol L -1 (S/N = 3). Linear relationship between ECL current and concentration of nicotine was observed (up to 100 μmol L -1 ) with R-value of 0.997. The relative standard deviation with 5 μmol L -1 concentration of nicotine for 20 analyses was only 1.4%. A 94% recovery rate was observed in a real sample analysis without any complications/disturbance in measurement. Interferences of humid acid, camphor and SDS were not observed in their presence in the sample solution. The established procedure for nicotine quantification manifests fascinating results and can be suggested for further applications

  8. Electrochemiluminescent determination of nicotine based on tri(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II) complex through flow injection analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Meng Shan; Wang, Jun Sheng; Lai, Chien Hung [Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, Tamsui 25137 (China)

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes the electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) processes of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine system at ITO working electrode. An ECL-based method for rapid and sensitive detection of nicotine in phosphate buffer solution at pH 8.0 is established. Strong ECL emission was observed at a positive potential of 1.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. A possible ECL mechanism is proposed for the Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine system, the oxidation product of nicotine at the electrode surface reacts with the 3+ state of ruthenium bipyridyl (2+) complex and form ruthenium complex exited state ions and thus releases photons. Effect of pH (medium/electrolyte), working potential, buffer composition, buffer concentration, reactant and co-reactant (nicotine) concentration, flow rate and loop size on the ECL spectrum of the Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine were studied. At the optimized experimental conditions, lower detection limit for nicotine was observed as 1.2 nmol L{sup -1} (S/N = 3). Linear relationship between ECL current and concentration of nicotine was observed (up to 100 {mu}mol L{sup -1}) with R-value of 0.997. The relative standard deviation with 5 {mu}mol L{sup -1} concentration of nicotine for 20 analyses was only 1.4%. A 94% recovery rate was observed in a real sample analysis without any complications/disturbance in measurement. Interferences of humid acid, camphor and SDS were not observed in their presence in the sample solution. The established procedure for nicotine quantification manifests fascinating results and can be suggested for further applications. (author)

  9. Electrochemiluminescent determination of nicotine based on tri(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II) complex through flow injection analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin Mengshan [Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, Tamsui 25137, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: mslin@mail.tku.edu.tw; Wang Junsheng; Lai Chienhung [Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, Tamsui 25137, Taiwan (China)

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes the electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) processes of Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine system at ITO working electrode. An ECL-based method for rapid and sensitive detection of nicotine in phosphate buffer solution at pH 8.0 is established. Strong ECL emission was observed at a positive potential of 1.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. A possible ECL mechanism is proposed for the Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine system, the oxidation product of nicotine at the electrode surface reacts with the 3+ state of ruthenium bipyridyl (2+) complex and form ruthenium complex exited state ions and thus releases photons. Effect of pH (medium/electrolyte), working potential, buffer composition, buffer concentration, reactant and co-reactant (nicotine) concentration, flow rate and loop size on the ECL spectrum of the Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/nicotine were studied. At the optimized experimental conditions, lower detection limit for nicotine was observed as 1.2 nmol L{sup -1} (S/N = 3). Linear relationship between ECL current and concentration of nicotine was observed (up to 100 {mu}mol L{sup -1}) with R-value of 0.997. The relative standard deviation with 5 {mu}mol L{sup -1} concentration of nicotine for 20 analyses was only 1.4%. A 94% recovery rate was observed in a real sample analysis without any complications/disturbance in measurement. Interferences of humid acid, camphor and SDS were not observed in their presence in the sample solution. The established procedure for nicotine quantification manifests fascinating results and can be suggested for further applications.

  10. Ruthenium complexes with phenylterpyridine derivatives target cell membrane and trigger death receptors-mediated apoptosis in cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Zhiqin; Gao, Pan; Yu, Lianling; Ma, Bin; You, Yuanyuan; Chan, Leung; Mei, Chaoming; Chen, Tianfeng

    2017-06-01

    Elucidation of the communication between metal complexes and cell membrane may provide useful information for rational design of metal-based anticancer drugs. Herein we synthesized a novel class of ruthenium (Ru) complexes containing phtpy derivatives (phtpy = phenylterpyridine), analyzed their structure-activity relationship and revealed their action mechanisms. The result showed that, the increase in the planarity of hydrophobic Ru complexes significantly enhanced their lipophilicity and cellular uptake. Meanwhile, the introduction of nitro group effectively improved their anticancer efficacy. Further mechanism studies revealed that, complex (2c), firstly accumulated on cell membrane and interacted with death receptors to activate extrinsic apoptosis signaling pathway. The complex was then transported into cell cytoplasm through transferrin receptor-mediated endocytosis. Most of the intracellular 2c accumulated in cell plasma, decreasing the level of cellular ROS, inducing the activation of caspase-9 and thus intensifying the apoptosis. At the same time, the residual 2c can translocate into cell nucleus to interact with DNA, induce DNA damage, activate p53 pathway and enhance apoptosis. Comparing with cisplatin, 2c possesses prolonged circulation time in blood, comparable antitumor ability and importantly, much lower toxicity in vivo. Taken together, this study uncovers the role of membrane receptors in the anticancer actions of Ru complexes, and provides fundamental information for rational design of membrane receptor targeting anticancer drugs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Thiolate-bridged dinuclear ruthenium and iron complexes as robust and efficient catalysts toward oxidation of molecular dihydrogen in protic solvents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuki, Masahiro; Sakata, Ken; Hirao, Yoshifumi; Nonoyama, Nobuaki; Nakajima, Kazunari; Nishibayashi, Yoshiaki

    2015-04-01

    Thiolate-bridged dinuclear ruthenium and iron complexes are found to work as efficient catalysts toward oxidation of molecular dihydrogen in protic solvents such as water and methanol under ambient reaction conditions. Heterolytic cleavage of the coordinated molecular dihydrogen at the dinuclear complexes and the sequential oxidation of the produced hydride complexes are involved as key steps to promote the present catalytic reaction. The catalytic activity of the dinuclear complexes toward the chemical oxidation of molecular dihydrogen achieves up to 10000 TON (turnover number), and electrooxidation of molecular dihydrogen proceeds quite rapidly. The result of the density functional theory (DFT) calculation on the reaction pathway indicates that a synergistic effect between the two ruthenium atoms plays an important role to realize the catalytic oxidation of molecular dihydrogen efficiently. The present dinuclear ruthenium complex is found to work as an efficient organometallic anode catalyst for the fuel cell. It is noteworthy that the present dinuclear complex worked not only as an effective catalyst toward chemical and electrochemical oxidation of molecular dihydrogen but also as a good anode catalyst for the fuel cell. We consider that the result described in this paper provides useful and valuable information to develop highly efficient and low-cost transition metal complexes as anode catalysts in the fuel cell.

  12. Nitro/Nitrosyl-Ruthenium Complexes Are Potent and Selective Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi Agents Causing Autophagy and Necrotic Parasite Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Tanira M.; Barbosa, Marília I. F.; da Silva, Monize M.; da C. Júnior, José W.; Meira, Cássio S.; Guimaraes, Elisalva T.; Ellena, Javier; Moreira, Diogo R. M.; Batista, Alzir A.

    2014-01-01

    cis-[RuCl(NO2)(dppb)(5,5′-mebipy)] (complex 1), cis-[Ru(NO2)2(dppb)(5,5′-mebipy)] (complex 2), ct-[RuCl(NO)(dppb)(5,5′-mebipy)](PF6)2 (complex 3), and cc-[RuCl(NO)(dppb)(5,5′-mebipy)](PF6)2 (complex 4), where 5,5′-mebipy is 5,5′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine and dppb is 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane, were synthesized and characterized. The structure of complex 2 was determined by X-ray crystallography. These complexes exhibited a higher anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity than benznidazole, the current antiparasitic drug. Complex 3 was the most potent, displaying a 50% effective concentration (EC50) of 2.1 ± 0.6 μM against trypomastigotes and a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 1.3 ± 0.2 μM against amastigotes, while it displayed a 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) of 51.4 ± 0.2 μM in macrophages. It was observed that the nitrosyl complex 3, but not its analog lacking the nitrosyl group, releases nitric oxide into parasite cells. This release has a diminished effect on the trypanosomal protease cruzain but induces substantial parasite autophagy, which is followed by a series of irreversible morphological impairments to the parasites and finally results in cell death by necrosis. In infected mice, orally administered complex 3 (five times at a dose of 75 μmol/kg of body weight) reduced blood parasitemia and increased the survival rate of the mice. Combination index analysis of complex 3 indicated that its in vitro activity against trypomastigotes is synergic with benznidazole. In addition, drug combination enhanced efficacy in infected mice, suggesting that ruthenium-nitrosyl complexes are potential constituents for drug combinations. PMID:25092707

  13. Photo-degradation of CT-DNA with a series of carbothioamide ruthenium (II) complexes - Synthesis and structural analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthuraj, V.; Umadevi, M.

    2018-04-01

    The present research article is related with the method of preparation, structure and spectroscopic properties of a series of carbothioamide ruthenium (II) complexes with N and S donor ligands namely, 2-((6-chloro-4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene) hydrazine carbothioamide (ClChrTs)/2-((6-methoxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene)hydrazine carbothioamide (MeOChrTS). The synthesized complexes were characterized by several techniques using analytical methods as well as by spectral techniques such as FT-IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR, ESI mass and thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The IR spectra shows that the ligand acts as a neutral bidentate with N and S donor atoms. The biological activity of the prepared compounds and metal complexes were tested against cell line of calf-thymus DNA via an intercalation mechanism (MCF-7). In addition, the interaction of Ru(II) complexes and its free ligands with CT-DNA were also investigated by titration with UV-Vis spectra, fluorescence spectra, and Circular dichroism studies. Results suggest that both of the two Ru(II) complexes can bind with calf-thymus DNA via an intercalation mechanism.

  14. Structural Determination of Ruthenium Complexes Containing Bi-Dentate Pyrrole-Ketone Ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Ya-Wen; Chen, Yun-Fan; Li, Yong-Jie; Chen, Kuan-Hung; Lin, Chia-Her; Huang, Jui-Hsien

    2018-01-13

    A series of ruthenium compounds containing a pyrrole-ketone bidentate ligand, 2-(2'-methoxybenzoyl)pyrrole ( 1 ), have been synthesized and characterized. Reacting 1 with [(η⁶-cymene)RuCl₂]₂ and RuHCl(CO)(PPh₃)₃ generated Ru(η⁶-cymene)[C₄H₃N-2-(CO-C₆H₄-2-OMe)]Cl ( 2 ) and {RuCl(CO)(PPh₃)₂[C₄H₃N-2-(COC₆H₄-2-OMe)]} ( 3 ), respectively, in moderate yields. Successively reacting 2 with sodium cyanate and sodium azide gave {Ru(η⁶-cymene)[C₄H₃N-2-(CO-C₆H₄-2-OMe)]X} ( 4 , X=OCN; 5 , X=N₃) with the elimination of sodium chloride. Compounds 2 - 5 were all characterized by ¹H and 13 C-NMR spectra and their structures were also determined by X-ray single crystallography.

  15. Multifaceted interplay between lipophilicity, protein interaction and luminescence parameters of non-intercalative ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes controlling cellular imaging and cytotoxic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazuryk, Olga; Magiera, Katarzyna; Rys, Barbara; Suzenet, Franck; Kieda, Claudine; Brindell, Małgorzata

    2014-12-01

    Here, we examine the photophysical properties of five ruthenium(II) complexes comprising two 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dip) ligands and functionalized bipyridine (R₁bpy-R₂, where R₁= H or CH3, R₂= H, CH₃, COO⁻,4-[3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl] or 1,3-dicyclohexyl-1-carbonyl-urea) towards development of luminescence probes for cellular imaging. These complexes have been shown to interact with albumin and the formed adducts exhibited up to eightfold increase in the luminescence quantum yield as well as the average lifetime of emission. It was demonstrated that they cannot bind to DNA through the intercalation mode and its luminescence in the presence of DNA is quenching. Cell viability experiments indicated that all complexes possess significant dose-dependent cytotoxicity (with IC₅₀ 5-19 μM) on 4T1 breast cancer cell line and their anti-proliferative activity correlates very well with their lipophilicity. Cellular uptake was studied by measuring the ruthenium content in cells using ICP-MS technique. As expected, the better uptake is directly related to higher lipophilicity of doubly charged ruthenium complexes while uptake of monocationic one is much lower in spite of the highest lipophilicity. Additionally staining properties were assessed using flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. These experiments showed that complex with 1,3-dicyclohexyl-1-carbonyl-urea substituent exhibits the best staining properties in spite of the lowest luminescence quantum yield in buffered solution (pH 7.4). Our results point out that both the imaging and cytotoxic properties of the studied ruthenium complexes are strongly influence by the level of internalization and protein interaction.

  16. Energy-Storage Applications for a pH Gradient between Two Benzimidazole-Ligated Ruthenium Complexes That Engage in Proton-Coupled Electron-Transfer Reactions in Solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motoyama, Daisuke; Yoshikawa, Kai; Ozawa, Hiroaki; Tadokoro, Makoto; Haga, Masa-Aki

    2017-06-05

    The judicious selection of pairs of benzimidazole-ligated ruthenium complexes allowed the construction of a rechargeable proton-coupled electron-transfer (PCET)-type redox battery. A series of ruthenium(II) and -(III) complexes were synthesized that contain substituted benzimidazoles that engage in PCET reactions. The formation of intramolecular Ru-C cyclometalation bonds stabilized the resulting ruthenium(III) complexes, in which pK a values of the imino N-H protons on the benzimidazoles are usually lower than those for the corresponding ruthenium(II) complexes. As a proof-of-concept study for a solution redox battery based on such PCET reactions, the charging/discharging cycles of several pairs of ruthenium complexes were examined by chronopotentiometry in an H-type device with half-cells separated by a Nafion membrane in unbuffered CH 3 CN/H 2 O (1/1, v/v) containing 0.1 M NaCl. During the charging/discharging cycles, the pH value of the solution gradually changed accompanied by a change of the open-circuit potential (OCP). The changes for the OCP and pH value of the solution in the anodic and cathodic half-cells were in good agreement with the predicted values from the Pourbaix diagrams for the pairs of ruthenium complexes used. Accordingly, the careful selection of pairs of ruthenium complexes with a sufficient potential gradient and a suitably large pK a difference is crucial: the charge generated between the two ruthenium complexes changes the OCP and the pH difference between the two cells in an unbuffered solution, given that the PCET reactions occur at both electrodes and that discharging leads to the original state. Because the electric energy is stored as a pH gradient between the half-cells, new possibilities for PCET-type rocking-chair redox batteries arise.

  17. Novel piplartine-containing ruthenium complexes: synthesis, cell growth inhibition, apoptosis induction and ROS production on HCT116 cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    D’Sousa Costa, Cinara O.; Araujo Neto, João H.; Baliza, Ingrid R.S.; Dias, Rosane B.; Valverde, Ludmila de F.; Vidal, Manuela T.A.; Sales, Caroline B.S.; Rocha, Clarissa A.G.; Moreira, Diogo R.M.; Soares, Milena B.P.; Batista, Alzir A.; Bezerra, Daniel P.

    2017-01-01

    Piplartine (piperlongumine) is a plant-derived molecule that has been receiving intense interest due to its anticancer characteristics that target the oxidative stress. In the present paper, two novel piplartine-containing ruthenium complexes [Ru(piplartine)(dppf)(bipy)](PF6)2 (1) and [Ru(piplartine)(dppb)(bipy)](PF6)2 (2) were synthesized and investigated for their cellular and molecular responses on cancer cell lines. We found that both complexes are more potent than metal-free piplartine in a panel of cancer cell lines on monolayer cultures, as well in 3D model of cancer multicellular spheroids formed from human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells. Mechanistic studies uncovered that the complexes reduced the cell growth and caused phosphatidylserine externalization, internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, caspase-3 activation and loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential on HCT116 cells. Moreover, the pre-treatment with Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK, a pan-caspase inhibitor, reduced the complexes-induced apoptosis, indicating cell death by apoptosis through caspase-dependent and mitochondrial intrinsic pathways. Treatment with the complexes also caused a marked increase in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion and nitric oxide, and decreased reduced glutathione levels. Application of N-acetyl-cysteine, an antioxidant, reduced the ROS levels and apoptosis induced by the complexes, indicating activation of ROS-mediated apoptosis pathway. RNA transcripts of several genes, including gene related to the cell cycle, apoptosis and oxidative stress, were regulated under treatment. However, the complexes failed to induce DNA intercalation. In conclusion, the complexes are more potent than piplartine against different cancer cell lines and are able to induce caspase-dependent and mitochondrial intrinsic apoptosis on HCT116 cells by ROS-mediated pathway. PMID:29262647

  18. Kinetics and mechanisms of the electron-transfer reactions between uranium(III) and some ruthenium(III) ammine complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adegite, A.; Lyun, J.F.; Ojo, J.F.

    1977-01-01

    The rates of reduction of ) 7Ru(NH 3 ) 6 { 3+ and 7RuX(NH 3 ) 5 { 3+ (n = 2 or 3: X = H 2 O,OH - , Cl - ,Br - , and 1 - ) by U 3+ have been measured with a stopped-flow spectrophotometer. The reductions of 7Ru(NH 3 ) 6 { 3+ and 7Ru(NH 3 )(OH 2 ){ 3+ proceed by an outer-sphere mechanism. The mechanism for 7Ru(NH 3 ) 5 (OH){ 2+ is less certain, but is probably also outer sphere. The penta-amminehalogeno-complexes have a reactivity order I > Br> Cl, probably by an inner-sphere mechanism. The rates of reduction and reactivity patterns of equivalent cobalt(III) and ruthenium(III) complexes with a common reducing ion are compared. From the results, it is concluded that differences in the kinetic reactivity of the two metal complexes are due to the basic difference in the electronic structure of Cosup(III) and Rusup(III). These differences are manifested as influences of intrinsic factors on the rates and reactivity, and affect not only the rates of the reactions but also the type of mechanism often preferred. On the other hand, a comparison of rates of oxidation of U 3+ with those of other aqua-ions employing Marcus theory leads to the conclusion that the very low reduction potential of U 3+ is responsible for its very high redox reactivity. (author). )

  19. Ruthenium and iron complexes with benzotriazole and benzimidazole derivatives as simple models for proton-coupled electron transfer systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocha Reginaldo C.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Iron and ruthenium complexes of the type [M-LH]n (where M = RuII,III(NH35(2+,3+, RuII,III(edta2-,- [edta = ethylenedinitrilotetraacetate], or FeII,III(CN5(3-,2- and LH = benzotriazole or benzimidazole were prepared and characterized in aqueous solutions by means of electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical methods. Special emphasis was given to the pH-dependent redox processes, exhibited by all the investigated complexes. From their related Pourbaix diagrams, which displayed a typically Nernstian behavior, the pKa and formal reduction potential values were extracted. In addition, these E1/2 versus pH curves were also used to illustrate the partitioning relationship concerning the redox and acid-base species, and their interconversion equilibria. The active area in which the dependence of the M III/M II couple on the pH takes place, as delimited by pKaIII and pKaII, was taken into account in order to evaluate the usefulness of such simple complexes as models for proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET. The results were interpreted in terms of the acceptor/donor electronic character of the ligands and sigma,pi-metal-ligand interactions in both redox states of the metal ion.

  20. Cations in a Molecular Funnel: Vibrational Spectroscopy of Isolated Cyclodextrin Complexes with Alkali Metals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gámez, F.; Hurtado, P.; Hortal, A.R.; Martínez-Haya, B.; Berden, G.; Oomens, J.

    2013-01-01

    The benchmark inclusion complexes formed by -cyclodextrin (CD) with alkali-metal cations are investigated under isolated conditions in the gas phase. The relative CD-M+ (M=Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+) binding affinities and the structure of the complexes are determined from a combination of mass spectrometry,

  1. Structural Determination of Ruthenium Complexes Containing Bi-Dentate Pyrrole-Ketone Ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya-Wen Tsai

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available A series of ruthenium compounds containing a pyrrole-ketone bidentate ligand, 2-(2′-methoxybenzoylpyrrole (1, have been synthesized and characterized. Reacting 1 with [(η6-cymeneRuCl2]2 and RuHCl(CO(PPh33 generated Ru(η6-cymene[C4H3N-2-(CO-C6H4-2-OMe]Cl (2 and {RuCl(CO(PPh32[C4H3N-2-(COC6H4-2-OMe]} (3, respectively, in moderate yields. Successively reacting 2 with sodium cyanate and sodium azide gave {Ru(η6-cymene[C4H3N-2-(CO-C6H4-2-OMe]X} (4, X=OCN; 5, X=N3 with the elimination of sodium chloride. Compounds 2–5 were all characterized by 1H and 13C-NMR spectra and their structures were also determined by X-ray single crystallography.

  2. Redox Properties of Ruthenium Nitrosyl Porphyrin Complexes with Different Axial Ligation: Structural, Spectroelectrochemical (IR, UV-VIS, EPR) and Theoretical Studies

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Singh, P.; Das, A. K.; Sarkar, B.; Niemeyer, M.; Roncaroli, F.; Olabe, J. A.; Fiedler, Jan; Záliš, Stanislav; Kaim, W.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 16 (2008), s. 7106-7113 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KAN100400702; GA MŠk OC 139; GA MŠk 1P05OC068 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : ruthenium nitrosyl porphyrin complexes * tetraphenylporphyrin dianiom * EPR Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.147, year: 2008

  3. Structural Studies on Dinuclear Ruthenium(II) Complexes That Bind Diastereoselectively to an Antiparallel Folded Human Telomere Sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    We report DNA binding studies of the dinuclear ruthenium ligand [{Ru(phen)2}2tpphz]4+ in enantiomerically pure forms. As expected from previous studies of related complexes, both isomers bind with similar affinity to B-DNA and have enhanced luminescence. However, when tested against the G-quadruplex from human telomeres (which we show to form an antiparallel basket structure with a diagonal loop across one end), the ΛΛ isomer binds approximately 40 times more tightly than the ΔΔ, with a stronger luminescence. NMR studies show that the complex binds at both ends of the quadruplex. Modeling studies, based on experimentally derived restraints obtained for the closely related [{Ru(bipy)2}2tpphz]4+, show that the ΛΛ isomer fits neatly under the diagonal loop, whereas the ΔΔ isomer is unable to bind here and binds at the lateral loop end. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the ΔΔ isomer is prevented from binding under the diagonal loop by the rigidity of the loop. We thus present a novel enantioselective binding substrate for antiparallel basket G-quadruplexes, with features that make it a useful tool for quadruplex studies. PMID:24088028

  4. Study of the chemical interactions of actinide cations in solution at macroscopic concentrations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maurice, C.

    1983-01-01

    The aim of this work was to study the interactions of pentavalent neptunium in dodecane-diluted tributyl phosphate with other metallic cations, especially uranium VI and ruthenium present in reprocessing solutions. Pentavalent neptunium on its own was shown to exist in several forms complexed by water and TBP and also to dimerise. In the complex it forms with uranium VI the interaction via the neptunyl oxygen is considerably enhanced in organic solution. Dibutyl phosphoric acid strengthens the interaction between neptunium and uranium. The Np V-ruthenium interaction reveals the existence of a new cation-cation complex; the process takes place in two successive stage and leads to the formation, reinforced and accelerated by HDBP, of a highly to the formation, reinforced and accelerated by HDBP, of a highly stable complex. These results contribute towards a better knowledge of the behaviour of neptunium in the reprocessing operation [fr

  5. Electro-volatilization of ruthenium in nitric medium: influences of ruthenium species nature and models solutions composition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mousset, F.

    2004-12-01

    Ruthenium is one of the fission products in the reprocessing of irradiated fuels that requires a specific processing management. Its elimination, upstream by the PUREX process, has been considered. A process, called electro-volatilization, which take advantage of the RuO 4 volatility, has been optimised in the present study. It consists in a continuous electrolysis of ruthenium solutions in order to generate RuO 4 species that is volatilized and easily trapped. This process goes to satisfying ruthenium elimination yields with RuNO(NO 3 ) 3 (H 2 O) 2 synthetic solutions but not with fuel dissolution solutions. Consequently, this work consisted in the speciation studies of dissolved ruthenium species were carried out by simulating fuel solutions produced by hot acid attack of several ruthenium compounds (Ru(0), RuO 2 ,xH 2 O, polymetallic alloy). In parallel with dissolution kinetic studies, the determination of dissolved species was performed using voltammetry, spectrometry and spectro-electrochemistry. The results showed the co-existence of Ru(IV) and RuNO(NO 2 ) 2 (H 2 O) 3 . Although these species are different from synthetic RuNO(NO 3 ) 3 (H 2 O) 2 , their electro-oxidation behaviour are similar. The electro-volatilization tests of these dissolution solutions yielded to comparable results as the synthetic RuNO(NO 3 ) 3 (H 2 O) 2 solutions. Then, complexity increase of models solutions was performed by in-situ generation of nitrous acid during ruthenium dissolution. Nitrous acid showed a catalytic effect on ruthenium dissolution. Its presence goes to quasi exclusively RuNO(NO 2 ) 2 (H 2 O) 3 species. It is also responsible of the strong n-bond formation between Ru 2+ and NO + . In addition, it has been shown that its reducing action on RuO 4 hinders the electro-volatilization process. Mn 2+ and Ce 3+ cations also reveal, but to a lesser extent, an electro-eater behaviour as well as Pu 4+ and Cr 3+ according to the thermodynamics data. These results allow one to

  6. Impact of aromaticity on anticancer activity of polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes: synthesis, structure, DNA/protein binding, lipophilicity and anticancer activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Čanović, Petar; Simović, Ana Rilak; Radisavljević, Snežana; Bratsos, Ioannis; Demitri, Nicola; Mitrović, Marina; Zelen, Ivanka; Bugarčić, Živadin D

    2017-10-01

    With the aim of assessing how the aromaticity of the inert chelating ligand can influence the activity of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes, two new monofunctional ruthenium(II) complexes, [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(phen)Cl]Cl (1) and [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(o-bqdi)Cl]Cl (2) (where Cl-Ph-tpy = 4'-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, o-bqdi = o-benzoquinonediimine), were synthesized. All complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-Vis, 1D and 2D NMR, XRD). Their chemical behavior in aqueous solution was studied by UV-Vis and NMR spectroscopy showing that both compounds are relatively labile leading to the formation of the corresponding aqua species 1a and 2a. 1 H NMR spectroscopy studies performed on complexes 1 and 2 demonstrated that after the hydrolysis of the Cl ligand, they are capable to interact with guanine derivatives (i.e., 9-methylguanine (9MeG) and 5'-GMP) through the N7, forming monofunctional adduct. The kinetics and the mechanism of the reaction of complexes 1 and 2 with the biologically more relevant 5'-GMP ligand were studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy. DNA/protein interactions of the complexes have been examined by photophysical studies, which demonstrated a bifunctional binding mode of the complexes with DNA and the complexes strongly quench the fluorescence intensity of bovine serum albumin (BSA) through the mechanism of both static and dynamic quenching. Complexes 1 and 2 strongly induced apoptosis of treated cancer cells with high percentages of apoptotic cells and negligible percentage of necrotic cells. In addition, both ruthenium complexes decreased Bcl-2/Bax ratio causing cytochrome c mitochondrial release, the activation of caspase-3 and induction of apoptosis.

  7. Reinvestigating 2,5-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyrazine ruthenium complexes : Selective deuteration and Raman spectroscopy as tools to probe ground and excited-state electronic structure in homo- and heterobimetallic complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schulz, M.; Hirschmann, J.; Draksharapu, A.; Singh Bindra, G.; Soman, S.; Paul, A.; Groarke, R.; T. Pryce, M.; Rau, S.; R. Browne, W.; Vos, J.

    2011-01-01

    The mono- (1) and dinuclear (2) ruthenium(II) bis(2,2'-bipyridine) complexes of 2,5-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyrazine (2,5-dpp), for which the UV/Vis absorption and emission as well as electrochemical properties have been described earlier, are reinvestigated here by resonance, surface enhanced and transient

  8. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing new keto-enol azoimine ligands: synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and DFT calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Awwadi, Firas F; Mansi, Ahmad; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S; Hammoudeh, Ayman; Warad, Ismail

    2015-01-25

    The novel azoimine ligand, Ph-NH-N=C(COCH3)-NHPh(C≡CH) (H2L), was synthesized and its molecular structure was determined by X-ray crystallography. Catalytic hydration of the terminal acetylene of H2L in the presence of RuCl3·3H2O in ethanol at reflux temperature yielded a ketone (L1=Ph-N=N-C(COCH3)=N-Ph(COCH3) and an enol (L2=Ph-N=N-C(COCH3)=N-PhC(OH)=CH2) by Markovnikov addition of water. Two mixed-ligand ruthenium complexes having general formula, trans-[Ru(bpy)(Y)Cl2] (1-2) (where Y=L1 (1) and Y=L2 (2), bpy is 2.2'-bipyrdine) were achieved by the stepwise addition of equimolar amounts of (H2L) and bpy ligands to RuCl3·3H2O in absolute ethanol. Theses complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis, and NMR (1D (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (DEPT-135), (DEPT-90), 2D (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H correlation (HMQC) spectroscopy)). The two complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 604 mV vs. ferrocene/ferrocenium (Cp2Fe(0/+)) couple along with one electron ligand reduction at -1010 mV. The crystal structure of complex 1 showed that the bidentate ligand L1 coordinates to Ru(II) by the azo- and imine-nitrogen donor atoms. The complex adopts a distorted trans octahedral coordination geometry of chloride ligands. The electronic spectra of 1 and 1+ in dichloromethane have been modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Ruthenium complexing during sorption by graft copolymer of polyacrylonitrile fibre with poly-2-methyl-5-vnylpyridine (PAN-MVP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simanova, S.A.; Kolmakova, A.I.; Konovalov, L.V.; Kukushkin, Yu.N.; Lysenko, A.A.

    1984-01-01

    The sorption of ruthenium chlorocomplexes is studied on graft copolymer of polyacrylonitrile fibre with poly-2-methyl-5-vinylpyridine (PAN-MVP). The sorption has been performed under static conditions in the course of mixing at 20 and 98 deg from 0.1-2 OM HCl, 0.1-1 m NaCl solutions. The volume of the investigated solutions constituted 25 ml, fibre weight -0.1-0.3 g. Ruthenium concentration in solutions has been changed in the limits of 5x10 3 -2x10 -2 mol/l. The fibre has been preliminarily moistened by a solution containing no ruthenium. In all cases fresh-prepared ruthenium chlorocomplex solutions have been used. It has been found that with temperature increase the PAN-MVP sorption capacitance relative to ruthenium increases (at 20 deg-1.15 mmol/g, at 98 deg-1.70 mmol/g. The ruthenium chlorocomplex sorption by pyridine fibrous sorbent from salt-acid solutions occurs by anionoexchange mechanism and is related to the formation in the sorbent phase of onium chlorocomplexes - (RPyH) 2 [RuCl 6 ]. In the course of sorbents heating pyridine compounds are subject to Anderson regroupping with formation of compounds of diamine type-[Ru(RPy) 2 Cl 4

  10. A Smart Europium-Ruthenium Complex as Anticancer Prodrug: Controllable Drug Release and Real-Time Monitoring under Different Light Excitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongguang; Xie, Chen; Lan, Rongfeng; Zha, Shuai; Chan, Chi-Fai; Wong, Wing-Yan; Ho, Ka-Lok; Chan, Brandon Dow; Luo, Yuxia; Zhang, Jing-Xiang; Law, Ga-Lai; Tai, William C S; Bünzli, Jean-Claude G; Wong, Ka-Leung

    2017-11-09

    A unique, dual-function, photoactivatable anticancer prodrug, RuEuL, has been tailored that features a ruthenium(II) complex linked to a cyclen-europium chelate via a π-conjugated bridge. Under irradiation at 488 nm, the dark-inactive prodrug undergoes photodissociation, releasing the DNA-damaging ruthenium species. Under evaluation-window irradiation (λ irr = one-photon 350 nm or two-photon 700 nm), the drug delivery process can be quantitatively monitored in real-time because of the long-lived red europium emission. Linear relationships between released drug concentration and ESI-MS or luminescence responses are established. Finally, the efficiency of the new prodrug is demonstrated both in vitro RuEuL anticancer prodrug over some existing ones and open the way for decisive improvements in multipurpose prodrugs.

  11. New copper(I) and heteronuclear copper(I)-ruthenium(II) complexes: Synthesis, structural characterization and cytotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, João; Alves, David; Morais, Tânia S; Costa, Paulo J; Piedade, M Fátima M; Marques, Fernanda; Villa de Brito, Maria J; Helena Garcia, M

    2017-04-01

    A new family of copper(I) complexes of general formula [Cu(dppe)(NN)] + have been synthesized and fully characterized, with dppe=1.2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane and NN representing several bidentate heteroaromatic ligands: 2,2'-bipy=2.2'-bipyridine (1), Me 2 bpy=4.4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (2), dpytz=3-(2-pyridyl)-5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazine (3), dpp=2.3-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine (4), and the metallaligand [Ru(η 5 -C 5 H 5 )(PPh 3 )(dpp)] + (5), yielding the bimetallic copper(I)-ruthenium(II) complex [Cu(dppe)(μ-dpp)Ru(η 5 -C 5 H 5 )(PPh 3 )] 2+ (6). The single crystal structures of complexes (2) and (4) were determined by X-ray diffraction studies. All the complexes exhibit high cytotoxicity against the human cancer cells A2780 and MCF7 with IC 50 values far lower than those found for the antitumor drug cisplatin in the same cell lines and even surpassing cisplatin resistance in the A2780cisR cells. They display IC 50 values on the human embryonic kidney HEK293 non-tumoral cells of the same order of magnitude as those found for the tumoral cells. In the ovarian cells the compounds induce rapid production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) probably through mitochondrial pathways. According to the results reported here, these compounds can be considered as prospective antitumoral agents that deserve further evaluation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The in vitro antitumor activity of arene-ruthenium(II) curcuminoid complexes improves when decreasing curcumin polarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Francesco; Pettinari, Riccardo; Rossi, Miriam; Monti, Elena; Gariboldi, Marzia Bruna; Marchetti, Fabio; Pettinari, Claudio; Caruso, Alessio; Ramani, Modukuri V; Subbaraju, Gottumukkala V

    2016-09-01

    The antitumor activity of ruthenium(II) arene (p-cymene, benzene, hexamethylbenzene) derivatives containing modified curcumin ligands (HCurcI=(1E,4Z,6E)-5-hydroxy-1,7-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)hepta-1,4,6-trien-3-one and HCurcII=(1E,4Z,6E)-5-hydroxy-1,7-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,4,6-trien-3-one) is described. These have been characterized by IR, ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy. The X-ray crystal structure of HCurcI has been determined and compared with its related Ru complex. Four complexes have been evaluated against five tumor cell lines, whose best activities [IC 50 (μM)] are: breast MCF7, 9.7; ovarian A2780, 9.4; glioblastoma U-87, 9.4; lung carcinoma A549, 13.7 and colon-rectal HCT116, 15.5; they are associated with apoptotic features. These activities are improved when compared to the already known corresponding curcumin complex, (p-cymene)Ru(curcuminato)Cl, about twice for the breast and ovarian cancer, 4.7 times stronger in the lung cancer and about 6.6 times stronger in the glioblastoma cell lines. In fact, the less active (p-cymene)Ru(curcuminato)Cl complex only shows similar activity to two novel complexes in the colon cancer cell line. Comparing antitumor activity between these novel complexes and their related curcuminoids, improvement of antiproliferative activity is seen for a complex containing CurcII in A2780, A549 and U87 cell lines, whose IC 50 are halved. Therefore, after replacing OH curcumin groups with OCH 3 , the obtained species HCurcI and its Ru complexes have increased antitumor activity compared to curcumin and its related complex. In contrast, HCurcII is less cytotoxic than curcumin but its related complex [(p-cymene)Ru(CurcII)Cl] is twice as active as HCurcII in 3 cell lines. Results from these novel arene-Ru curcuminoid species suggest that their increased cytotoxicity on tumor cells correlate with increase of curcuminoid lipophilicity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Selective extraction of lithium with a macrocyclic trinuclear complex of (1,3,5-trimethylbenzene)ruthenium(II) bridged by 2,3-dioxopyridine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsuta, Shoichi; Imoto, Takahiro; Kudo, Yoshihiro; Takeda, Yasuyuki

    2008-10-01

    A macrocyclic trinuclear complex of (1,3,5-trimethylbenzene)ruthenium(II) bridged by 2,3-dioxopyridine was synthesized, and the extraction properties for lithium and sodium picrates were investigated in a dichloromethane/water system at 25 degrees C. The complex was found to have extremely high extractability and selectivity for lithium picrate; the logarithmic values of the extraction constants are 5.86 and 2.63 for Li(+) and Na(+), respectively. By using this complex as an extractant, nearly quantitative extraction and separation of Li(+) from Na(+) could be achieved by a single extraction.

  14. Synthesis, characterization, redox behavior, DNA and protein binding and antibacterial activity studies of ruthenium(II) complexes of bidentate schiff bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Hena; Sen, Buddhadeb; Mondal, Tapan Kumar; Chattopadhyay, Pabitra

    2017-08-03

    Two new ruthenium(II) complexes of Schiff base ligands (L) derived from cinnamaldehyde and ethylenediamine formulated as [Ru(L)(bpy) 2 ](ClO 4 ) 2 , where L 1 = N,N'-bis(4-nitrocinnamald-ehyde)ethylenediamine and L 2 = N,N'-bis(2-nitrocinnamaldehyde)-ethylenediamine for complex 1 and 2, respectively, were isolated in pure form. The complexes were characterized by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. The electrochemical behavior of the complexes showed the Ru(III)/Ru(II) couple at different potentials with quasi-reversible voltammograms. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) using absorption, emission spectral studies and electrochemical techniques have been used to determine the binding constant, K b and the linear Stern-Volmer quenching constant, K SV . The results indicate that the ruthenium(II) complexes interact with CT-DNA strongly in a groove binding mode. The interactions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with the complexes were also investigated with the help of absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy tools. Absorption spectroscopy proved the formation of a ground state BSA-[Ru(L)(bpy) 2 ](ClO 4 ) 2 complex. The antibacterial study showed that the Ru(II) complexes (1 and 2) have better activity than the standard antibiotics but weak activity than the ligands.

  15. Electrochemical oxidation of chlorpheniramine at polytyramine film doped with ruthenium (II) complex: Measurement, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khudaish, Emad A.; Al-Hinaai, Mohammed; Al-Harthy, Salim; Laxman, Karthik

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • XPS data confirm doping of ruthenium onto the polytyramine moiety. • Doping of Ru decreases the Pty resistivity and increases the electron transfer kinetics. • The resulting sensor is stable for a large range of CPM concentration. • Estimated values of thermodynamic and kinetic parameters were comparable. • Application to commercial dosage forms was excellent and satisfactory. - Abstract: A solid-state sensor based on polytyramine film deposited at glassy carbon electrode doped with tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)Ru(II) complex (Ru/Pty/GCE) was constructed electrochemically. A redox property represented by [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 3+/2+ couple immobilized at the Pty moiety was characterized using typical voltammetric techniques. The XPS data and AFM images confirm the grafting of Ru species on the top of Pty while the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data supports the immobilization of both surface modifiers onto the GCE. The constructed sensor exhibits a substantial reactivity, stability and high sensitivity to chlorpheniramine maleate (CPM) oxidation. The detection limit (S/N = 3) was brought down to 338 nM using differential pulse voltammetry method. Thermodynamic and kinetic parameters were evaluated using hydrodynamic method. The apparent diffusion coefficient and the heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant for the CPM oxidation were 2.67 × 10 −5 cm 2 s −1 and 3.21 × 10 −3 cm s −1 , respectively. Interference studies and real sample analysis were conducted with excellent performance and satisfactory results

  16. Development and characterization of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on ruthenium complex single layer for transparent displays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, G.; Fonseca, F.; Andrade, A.M. [Laboratorio de Microelectronica, Departamento de Engenharia de Sistemas Electronicos, Escola Politecnica da Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brazil); Patrocinio, A.O.T.; Mizoguchi, S.K.; Murakami Iha, N.Y. [Laboratorio de Fotoquimica Inorganica e Conversao de Energia, Instituto de Quimica da Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brazil); Peres, M.; Monteiro, T.; Pereira, L. [Departamento de Fisica e I3N, Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal)

    2008-08-15

    In this work, two ruthenium complexes,[Ru(bpy){sub 3}](PF{sub 6}){sub 2} and[Ru(ph2phen){sub 3}](PF{sub 6}){sub 2} in poly(methylmethacrylate) matrix were employed to build single-layer light-emitting electrochemical cells by spin coating on indium tin oxide substrate. In both cases the electroluminescence spectra exhibit a relatively broad band with maxima near to 625 nm and CIE (x,y) color coordinates of (0.64,0.36), which are comparable with the photoluminescence data in the same medium. The best result was obtained with the[Ru(bpy){sub 3}](PF{sub 6}){sub 2} device where the optical output power approaches 10{mu}W at the band maximum with a wall-plug efficiency higher than 0.03%. The lowest driving voltage is about 4 V for an electrical current of 20 mA. (copyright 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  17. The induction of autophagy against mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in lung cancer cells by a ruthenium (II) imidazole complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Fa; Jie, Xinming; Dongye, Guangzhi; Cai, Kangrong; Feng, Ruibing; Li, Baojun; Zeng, Qingwang; Lun, Kaiyi; Chen, Jincan; Xu, Bilian

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, it was found that the ruthenium (II) imidazole complex [Ru(Im)4(dppz)]2+ (Ru1) could induce significant growth inhibition and apoptosis in A549 and NCI-H460 cells. Apart from the induction of apoptosis, it was reported for the first time that Ru1 induced an autophagic response in A549 and NCI-H460 cells as evidenced by the formation of autophagosomes, acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs), and the up-regulation of LC3-II. Furthermore, scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by antioxidant NAC or Tiron inhibited the release of cytochrome c, caspase-3 activity, and eventually rescued cancer cells from Ru1-mediated apoptosis, suggesting that Ru1 inducing apoptosis was partially caspase 3-dependent by triggering ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction in A549 and NCI-H460 cells. Further study indicated that the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway was involved in Ru1-induced autophagy in A549 and NCI-H460 cells. Moreover, blocking autophagy using pharmacological inhibitors 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ) enhanced Ru1-induced apoptosis, indicating the cytoprotective role of autophagy in Ru1-treated A549 and NCI-H460 cells. Finally, the in vivo mice bearing A549 xenografts, Ru1 dosed at 10 or 20 mg/kg significantly inhibited tumor growth. PMID:27811372

  18. Probing highly selective H/D exchange processes with a ruthenium complex through neutron diffraction and multinuclear NMR studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grellier, Mary; Mason, Sax A; Albinati, Alberto; Capelli, Silvia C; Rizzato, Silvia; Bijani, Christian; Coppel, Yannick; Sabo-Etienne, Sylviane

    2013-07-01

    Deuterium labeling is a powerful way to gain mechanistic information in biology and chemistry. However, selectivity is hard to control experimentally, and labeled sites can be difficult to assign both in solution and in the solid state. Here we show that very selective high-deuterium contents can be achieved for the polyhydride ruthenium phosphine complex [RuH2(H2)2(PCyp3)2] (1) (PCyp3 = P(C5H9)3). The selectivity of the H/D exchange process is demonstrated by multinuclear NMR and neutron diffraction analyses. It has also been investigated through density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The reactions are performed under mild conditions at room temperature, and the extent of deuterium incorporation, involving selective C-H bond activation within the cyclopentyl rings of the phosphine ligands, can easily be tuned (solvent effects, D2 pressure). It is shown that D2 gas can inhibit the C-H/C-D exchange process.

  19. The Noah's Ark experiment: species dependent biodistributions of cationic 99mTc complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deutsch, Edward; Ketring, A.R.; Libson, Karen; Vanderheyden, J.-L.; Hirth, W.W.

    1989-01-01

    The time dependent biodistributions of three related 99m Tc complexes of 1, 2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (DMPE) were evaluated in several animal species including humans: trans-[ 99m Tc v (DMPE) 2 O 2 ] + , trans-[ 99m Tc III (DMPE) 2 Cl 2 ] + and [ 99m Tc I (DMPE) 3 ] + . Imaging studies were performed in 10 animal species to evaluate these complexes as myocardial perfusion imaging agents. Animal models adequately predict the uninteresting behaviour of the Tc(V) cation in humans, predict to only a very limited extent the behaviour of the Tc(III) cation in humans and totally fail to predict the behaviour of the Tc(I) cation in humans. (U.K.)

  20. THEORETICAL STUDY ON 15-CROWN-5 COMPLEX WITH SOME METAL CATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahmin Yahmin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The capability of 15-crown-5 ethers to form complexes with some metal cations (Li+, Na+, K+, Zn2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ was investigated by an ab initio quantum mechanical method. The calculations were performed at the RHF/lanl2mb level of theory. The interaction energies were used to evaluate the metal binding capability of the crown ether. The effect of nature of the metal on the binding properties was also studied. The results of the calculations showed that the interaction energy of the complexes increased in proportion with the ratio of ion charge, electronegativity and ionization potential to the cation diameter. In addition, based on the extraction distribution coefficient in the gas phase, it is found that the 15-crown-5 could not extract metal cations investigated.

  1. Interactions between metal cations with H2 in the M - H2 complexes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Interaction; metal cation–dihydrogen complexes; well depth; binding energy; PECs; energy components; DHDF; CCSD(T); SAPT; NBO. 1. Introduction. Interactions between metal cations and neutral molecu- les play important roles in a variety of contexts including gas storage in solid materials, ion solvation, laser plas-.

  2. On the complexation of some univalent cations with beauvericin in nitrobenzene saturated with water

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Selucký, P.; Vaňura, P.; Toman, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 73, 1-4 (2012), s. 329-333 ISSN 0923-0750 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : univalent cations * beauvericin * complexation Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 1.399, year: 2012

  3. On the complexation of some divalent metal cations with beauvericin in nitrobenzene saturated with water

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Selucký, P.; Vaňura, P.; Toman, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 226, č. 4 (2012), s. 327-332 ISSN 0942-9352 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : divalent cations * beauvericin * complexation Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.128, year: 2012

  4. Interactions between metal cations with H 2 in the M-H 2 complexes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Interactions between metal cations with H2 in the M+- H2 complexes: Performance of DFT and DFT-D methods ... Graduate School of Information Science, Nagoya University, Chukusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Aichi, Japan; Department of Spectroscopy, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 ...

  5. Complexation of the cesium cation with lithium ionophore VIII: extraction and DFT study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Novák, Vít; Vaňura, P.; Bouř, Petr

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 298, č. 3 (2013), s. 2065-2068 ISSN 0236-5731 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : cesium cation * lithium ionophore VIII * complexation * extraction and stability constants * water-nitrobenzene system * DFT calculations * structures Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry , Separation Impact factor: 1.415, year: 2013

  6. Extraction and theoretical study on the complexation of the strontium cation with beauvericin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Toman, Petr; Vaňura, P.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 295, č. 2 (2013), s. 1119-1122 ISSN 0236-5731 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : strontium cation * beauvericin * complexation Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.415, year: 2013

  7. Synthesis, characterization and anticancer effect of the ruthenium (II) polypyridyl complexes on HepG2 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Dan; Lai, Shang-Hai; Yang, Hui-Hui; Tang, Bing; Zhang, Cheng; Yin, Hui; Zeng, Chuan-Chuan; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2016-12-01

    As one of the major cell regulated center, mitochondria are closely associated with cell proliferation, apoptosis of tumor cell. In this work, four new ruthenium (II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(bpy) 2 (FTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (1) (FTTP=11-(3-fluoro-naphthalen-2-yloxy)-4,5,9,14-tetraaza-benzo[b]triphenylene, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine), [Ru(phen) 2 (FTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (2) (phen=1,10-phenanthroline), [Ru(bpy) 2 (PTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (3) (PTTP=2-phenoxy-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and [Ru(phen) 2 (PTTP)](ClO 4 ) 2 (4) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-MS, 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR. The cytotoxic activity, ability of inhibiting cell invasion, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis-inducing mechanism of these Ru(II) complexes have been investigated in detail by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) method, invasion assay, comet assay as well as western blotting techniques. Notably, complexes 1-4 displayed high cytotoxic activity against liver carcinoma HepG2 cells and the IC 50 values of complexes 1-4 against HepG2 cells are 10.4±1.2, 9.3±0.6, 29.1±1.5 and 5.6±1.2μM, respectively. The comet assay showed that the complexes can induce DNA damage. The acridine orange (AO) and ethidium bromide (EB) staining method indicated that the complexes can cause apoptosis in HepG2 cells. Further studies showed that complexes 1-4 caused cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase and induced HepG2 cells apoptosis through a ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway, which involved an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential, activation of caspases and Bcl-2 family proteins. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Electron-Transfer-Enhanced Cation-Cation Interactions in Homo- and Heterobimetallic Actinide Complexes: A Relativistic Density Functional Theory Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Ming; Chen, Fang-Yuan; Tian, Jia-Nan; Pan, Qing-Jiang

    2018-03-21

    To provide deep insight into cation-cation interactions (CCIs) involving hexavalent actinyl species that are major components in spent nuclear fuel and pose important implications for the effective removal of radiotoxic pollutants in the environment, a series of homo- and heterobimetallic actinide complexes supported by cyclopentadienyl (Cp) and polypyrrolic macrocycle (H 4 L) ligands were systematically investigated using relativistic density functional theory. The metal sort in both parts of (THF)(H 2 L)(OAn VI O) and (An') III Cp 3 from U to Np to Pu, as well as the substituent bonding to Cp from electron-donating Me to H to electron-withdrawing Cl, SiH 3 , and SiMe 3 , was changed. Over 0.70 electrons are unraveled to transfer from the electron-rich U III to the electron-deficient An VI of the actinyl moiety, leading to a more stable An V -U IV isomer; in contrast, uranylneptunium and uranylplutonium complexes behave as electron-resonance structures between VI-III and V-IV. These were further corroborated by geometrical and electronic structures. The energies of CCIs (i.e., O exo -An' bonds) were calculated to be -19.6 to -41.2 kcal/mol, affording those of OUO-Np (-23.9 kcal/mol) and OUO-Pu (-19.6 kcal/mol) with less electron transfer (ET) right at the low limit. Topological analyses of the electron density at the O exo -An' bond critical points demonstrate that the CCIs are ET or dative bonds in nature. A positive correlation has been built between the CCIs' strength and corresponding ET amount. It is concluded that the CCIs of O exo -An' are driven by the electrostatic attraction between the actinyl oxo atom (negative) and the actinide ion (positive) and enhanced by their ET. Finally, experimental syntheses of (THF)(H 2 L)(OU VI O)(An') III Cp 3 (An' = U and Np) were well reproduced by thermodynamic calculations that yielded negative free energies in a tetrahydrofuran solution but a positive one for their uranylplutonium analogue, which was synthetically

  9. Synthesis, DNA Cleavage Activity, Cytotoxicity, Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition, and Acute Murine Toxicity of Redox-Active Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alatrash, Nagham; Narh, Eugenia S; Yadav, Abhishek; Kim, Mahn-Jong; Janaratne, Thamara; Gabriel, James; MacDonnell, Frederick M

    2017-07-06

    Four mononuclear [(L-L) 2 Ru(tatpp)] 2+ and two dinuclear [(L-L) 2 Ru(tatpp)Ru(L-L) 2 ] 4+ ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes (RPCs) containing the 9,11,20,22-tetraazatetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-l:2''',3'''-n]pentacene (tatpp) ligand were synthesized, in which L-L is a chelating diamine ligand such as 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Me 4 phen) or 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Ph 2 phen). These Ru-tatpp analogues all undergo reduction reactions with modest reducing agents, such as glutathione (GSH), at pH 7. These, plus several structurally related but non-redox-active RPCs, were screened for DNA cleavage activity, cytotoxicity, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, and acute mouse toxicity, and their activities were examined with respect to redox activity and lipophilicity. All of the redox-active RPCs show single-strand DNA cleavage in the presence of GSH, whereas none of the non-redox-active RPCs do. Low-micromolar cytotoxicity (IC 50 ) against malignant H358, CCL228, and MCF7 cultured cell lines was mainly restricted to the redox-active RPCs; however, they were substantially less toxic toward nonmalignant MCF10 cells. The IC 50 values for AChE inhibition in cell-free assays and the acute toxicity of RPCs in mice revealed that whereas most RPCs show potent inhibitory action against AChE (IC 50 values complexes as a class are surprisingly well tolerated in animals relative to other RPCs. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Ruthenium(II) complexes of saccharin with dipyridoquinoxaline and dipyridophenazine: Structures, biological interactions and photoinduced DNA damage activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Priyaranjan; Dasari, Srikanth; Patra, Ashis K

    2017-08-18

    Ruthenium complexes trans-[Ru(sac) 2 (dpq) 2 ] (1) and trans-[Ru(sac) 2 (dppz) 2 ] (2) where sac is artificial sweetener saccharin (o-sulfobenzimide; 1,2-benzothiazole-3(2H)-one1,1-dioxide (Hsac)), dpq = dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline and dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine have been synthesized and thoroughly characterized using various analytical and spectral techniques. Saccharin known to act as carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) inhibitor which is a biomarker for highly aggressive and proliferative tumor in hypoxic stress, so inhibition of CA IX is a potential strategy for anticancer chemotherapy. The solid state structures, photophysical properties, photostability, DNA and protein binding affinity, and DNA photocleavage activity were explored. The structural analysis revealed Ru(II) centre is in discrete mononuclear, distorted octahedral {RuN 6 } coordination geometry with two monoanionic nitrogen donor saccharinate ligands and two neutral bidentate nitrogen donors ligands dpq and dppz. cis-[Ru(sac) 2 (dppz) 2 ] (cis-2) geometrical isomer was also isolated and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. The photo-induced dissociation of monodentate saccharin ligand is observed when irradiated at UV-A light of 365 nm. The complexes show significant binding affinity to the calf thymus DNA (K b  ∼ 10 5  M -1 ) through significant intercalation through planar dpq and dppz ligands. Interaction of complexes 1 and 2 with bovine serum albumin (BSA) showed remarkable tryptophan emission quenching (K BSA ∼10 5  M -1 ). The complexes showed appreciable photoinduced DNA cleavage activity upon irradiation of low power UV-A light of 365 nm from supercoiled (SC) to its nicked circular (NC) form at micromolar complex concentrations. Photocleavage mechanistic studies in presence of O 2 reveals involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated through ligand-centered 3 ππ* and/or 3 MLCT excited states generated upon photoactivation leads to

  11. Cellular responses of BRCA1-defective and triple-negative breast cancer cells and in vitro BRCA1 interactions induced by metallo-intercalator ruthenium(II) complexes containing chloro-substituted phenylazopyridine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by the absence of expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Breast cancers with a BRCA1 mutation are also frequently triple-negative. Currently, there is a lack of effective therapies and known specific molecular targets for this aggressive breast cancer subtype. To address this concern, we have explored the cellular responses of BRCA1-defective and triple-negative breast cancer cells, and in vitro BRCA1 interactions induced by the ruthenium(II) complexes containing the bidentate ligand, 5-chloro-2-(phenylazo)pyridine. Methods Triple-negative MDA-MB-231, BRCA1-defective HCC1937 and BRCA1-competent MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines were treated with ruthenium(II) complexes. The cytoxoxicity of ruthenium-induced breast cancer cells was evaluated by a real time cellular analyzer (RTCA). Cellular uptake of ruthenium complexes was determined by ICP-MS. Cell cycle progression and apoptosis were assessed using propidium iodide and Annexin V flow cytometry. The N-terminal BRCA1 RING protein was used for conformational and functional studies using circular dichroism and in vitro ubiquitination. Results HCC1937 cells were significantly more sensitive to the ruthenium complexes than the MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells. Treatment demonstrated a higher degree of cytotoxicity than cisplatin against all three cell lines. Most ruthenium atoms were retained in the nuclear compartment, particularly in HCC1937 cells, after 24 h of incubation, and produced a significant block at the G2/M phase. An increased induction of apoptotic cells as well as an upregulation of p53 mRNA was observed in all tested breast cancer cells. It was of interest that BRCA1 mRNA and replication of BRCA1-defective cells were downregulated. Changes in the conformation and binding constants of ruthenium-BRCA1 adducts were observed, causing inactivation of the RING heterodimer BRCA1/BARD1-mediated E3

  12. Synthesis, crystal structure and cytotoxic activity of ruthenium(II) piano-stool complex with N,N-chelating ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogala, Patrycja; Jabłońska-Wawrzycka, Agnieszka; Kazimierczuk, Katarzyna; Borek, Agnieszka; Błażejczyk, Agnieszka; Wietrzyk, Joanna; Barszcz, Barbara

    2016-12-01

    A mononuclear compound of the general formula [(η6-p-cymene)RuIICl(2,2‧-PyBIm)]PF6 has been synthesized from a bidentate N,N-donor ligand, viz. 2,-(2‧-pyridyl)benzimidazole (2,2‧-PyBIm) and the corresponding chloro-complex [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(μ-Cl)Cl]2 (precursor). The isolated coordination compound was characterized by IR, UV-vis and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopies. The single crystal X-ray analysis of the complex reveals that the asymmetric part of the unit cell consists of two symmetrically independent, [(η6-p-cymene)RuCl(2,2‧-PyBIm)]+ cationic complexes. Each cation exhibits a pseudo-octahedral three-legged piano-stool geometry, in which three "legs" are occupied by one chloride ion and two nitrogen donor atoms of the chelating ligand 2,2‧-PyBIm. The Hirshfeld surface analysis of obtained complex was determined, too. The ionic nature of the compound is identified by a strong band at around 830 cm-1 due to the νP-F stretching mode of the PF6- counter ion. The electronic spectrum of this monomeric complex displays high intensity bands in the ultraviolet region assignable to π→π*/n→π* transitions, as well as a band attributable to the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) dπ(Ru)→π*(L) transition. Additionally, the complex has been screened for its cytotoxicity against three human cancer lines: non-small cell lung carcinoma (A549), colon adenocarcinoma (HT29) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) as well as normal mice fibroblast cells (BALB/3T3). The complex demonstrated a moderate antiproliferative activity against the cell lines tested.

  13. Study of the alkaline cations complexation by photo-isomerizable calixarenes; Etude de la complexation de cations alcalins par des calixarenes photoisomerisables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynier, N.

    1996-04-25

    The first step to reduce the volume and the toxicity of radioactive waste coming from the spent fuel reprocessing is to separate long life radioisotopes from others ones with a shorter period. The aim of this study is to show that the control of the two phenomenons, complexation of the cation by the calixarenes and its de-complexation, can be envisaged by the introduction on the molecule of a chromophore group, azo benzene, able to modify the complexing site structure of the calixarenes with an isomerization trans-cis induced by ultraviolet radiation, and isomerization cis-trans thermally induced by a visible radiation. (N.C.). 112 refs., 78 figs., 23 tabs.

  14. Water-soluble molecular capsule for the complexation of cesium and thallium cations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brotin, Thierry; Cavagnat, Dominique; Berthault, Patrick; Montserret, Roland; Buffeteau, Thierry

    2012-09-06

    Binding properties of cesium and thallium cations by an enantiopure cryptophane derivative PP-1 have been investigated in water under basic conditions. The binding process has been evidenced using electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and binding constants of the Cs(+)@PP-1 and Tl(+)@PP-1 complexes have been determined from isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) experiments in LiOH/H(2)O, NaOH/H(2)O, and KOH/H(2)O solutions. In addition, Tl(+)@PP-1 complex has been characterized for the first time by (205)Tl NMR spectroscopy. Cryptophane 1 exhibits an exceptionally high affinity for thallium and cesium cations in a large range of experimental conditions (nature, concentration of the counterion, and temperature). For example, binding constants as high as 2.9 × 10(9) M(-1) and 5.3 × 10(8) M(-1) have been measured by ITC at 298 K in NaOH/H(2)O (0.1 M) solution, for the Tl(+)@PP-1 and Cs(+)@PP-1 complexes, respectively. The high affinity of cryptophane 1 for Cs(+) and Tl(+) cations is preserved at higher LiOH, NaOH, and KOH concentrations and under extreme basic conditions, revealing the stability and the great selectivity of this supramolecular system toward Li(+), Na(+), and K(+) cations.

  15. Cation-pi interactions with a model for the side chain of tryptophan: structures and absolute binding energies of alkali metal cation-indole complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Chunhai; Yang, Zhibo; Hallowita, Nuwan; Rodgers, M T

    2005-12-22

    Threshold collision-induced dissociation techniques are employed to determine bond dissociation energies (BDEs) of mono- and bis-complexes of alkali metal cations, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+, with indole, C8H7N. The primary and lowest energy dissociation pathway in all cases is endothermic loss of an intact indole ligand. Sequential loss of a second indole ligand is observed at elevated energies for the bis-complexes. Density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G level of theory are used to determine the structures, vibrational frequencies, and rotational constants of these complexes. Theoretical BDEs are determined from single point energy calculations at the MP2(full)/6-311+G(2d,2p) level using the B3LYP/6-31G* geometries. The agreement between theory and experiment is very good for all complexes except Li+ (C8H7N), where theory underestimates the strength of the binding. The trends in the BDEs of these alkali metal cation-indole complexes are compared with the analogous benzene and naphthalene complexes to examine the influence of the extended pi network and heteroatom on the strength of the cation-pi interaction. The Na+ and K+ binding affinities of benzene, phenol, and indole are also compared to those of the aromatic amino acids, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan to elucidate the factors that contribute to the binding in complexes to the aromatic amino acids. The nature of the binding and trends in the BDEs of cation-pi complexes between alkali metal cations and benzene, phenol, and indole are examined to help understand nature's preference for engaging tryptophan over phenylalanine and tyrosine in cation-pi interactions in biological systems.

  16. π-Expansive Heteroleptic Ruthenium(II) Complexes as Reverse Saturable Absorbers and Photosensitizers for Photodynamic Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li; Yin, Huimin; Jabed, Mohammed A; Hetu, Marc; Wang, Chengzhe; Monro, Susan; Zhu, Xiaolin; Kilina, Svetlana; McFarland, Sherri A; Sun, Wenfang

    2017-03-20

    Five heteroleptic tris-diimine ruthenium(II) complexes [RuL(N^N) 2 ](PF 6 ) 2 (where L is 3,8-di(benzothiazolylfluorenyl)-1,10-phenanthroline and N^N is 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) (1), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) (2), 1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene (tatp) (3), dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz) (4), or benzo[i]dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppn) (5), respectively) were synthesized. The influence of π-conjugation of the ancillary ligands (N^N) on the photophysical properties of the complexes was investigated by spectroscopic methods and simulated by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT. Their ground-state absorption spectra were characterized by intense absorption bands below 350 nm (ligand L localized 1 π,π* transitions) and a featureless band centered at ∼410 nm (intraligand charge transfer ( 1 ILCT)/ 1 π,π* transitions with minor contribution from metal-to-ligand charge transfer ( 1 MLCT) transition). For complexes 4 and 5 with dppz and dppn ligands, respectively, broad but very weak absorption (ε complexes showed red-orange phosphorescence at room temperature in CH 2 Cl 2 solution with decreased lifetimes and emission quantum yields, as the π-conjugation of the ancillary ligands increased. Transient absorption (TA) profiles were probed in acetonitrile solutions at room temperature for all of the complexes. Except for complex 5 (which showed dppn-localized 3 π,π* absorption with a long lifetime of 41.2 μs), complexes 1-4 displayed similar TA spectral features but with much shorter triplet lifetimes (1-2 μs). Reverse saturable absorption (RSA) was demonstrated for the complexes at 532 nm using 4.1 ns laser pulses, and the strength of RSA decreased in the order: 2 ≥ 1 ≈ 5 > 3 > 4. Complex 5 is particularly attractive as a broadband reverse saturable absorber due to its wide optical window (430-850 nm) and long-lived triplet lifetime in addition to its strong RSA at 532 nm. Complexes 1-5 were also probed as photosensitizing agents

  17. Noncovalent interactions of metal cations and arenes probed with thallium(I) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurca, Titel; Korobkov, Ilia; Gorelsky, Serge I; Richeson, Darrin S

    2013-05-20

    The synthesis, characterization, and computational analysis of Tl(I) complexes bearing the bis(imino)pyridine scaffold, [{ArN═CPh}2(NC5H3)]Tl(+)(OTf)(-) (Ar = 2,6-Et2C6H33, 2,5-(t)Bu2C6H3, 4), are reported. The cations of these species showed long Tl-N and Tl-OTf distances indicating only weak or no ligand coordination. Computational analysis of the interactions between the Tl cation and the ligands (orbital populations, bond order, and energy decomposition analysis) point to only minimal covalent interactions of the cation with the ligands. The weak ligand-to-metal donation allows for additional interactions between the Tl cation and arene rings that are either intramolecular, in the case of 3, or intermolecular. From benzene or toluene, 4 crystallizes with inverted sandwich structures having two [{(2,5-(t)Bu2C6H3)N═CPh}2(NC5H3)]Tl(+) cations bridged by either benzene or toluene. A density functional computational description of these Tl-arene contacts required exchange-correlation functionals with long-range exchange corrections (e.g., CAM-B3LYP or LC-PBE) and show that Tl-arene contacts are stabilized by noncovalent interactions.

  18. Infrared multiple photon dissociation action spectroscopy of alkali metal cation-cyclen complexes: Effects of alkali metal cation size on gas-phase conformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Austin, C.A.; Chen, Y.; Kaczan, C.M.; Berden, G.; Oomens, J.; Rodgers, M.T.

    2013-01-01

    The gas-phase structures of alkali metal cationized complexes of cyclen (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) are examined via infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy and electronic structure theory calculations. The measured IRMPD action spectra of four M+(cyclen) complexes are

  19. Diamines as auxiliary ligands for tuning photophysical and electrochemical properties of Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Rashdi, Kamelah S.; Babgi, Bandar A.; Sahin, Cigdem; Eltayeb, Naser E.; Moxey, Graeme J.; Humphrey, Mark G.; Basaleh, Amal S.

    2018-04-01

    The complex with the formula [Ru(bpy)2(2,3-diaminonaphthalene)][PF6] (5) was synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. A set of previously reported complexes with the formula [Ru(bpy)2(diamine)][PF6]{diamine = 1,2-diaminoethane (2), o-phenylenediamine (3), 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (4) } was synthesized and crystal structures were obtained for complexes 3 and 4. UV-vis absorption spectra of the complexes 2-5 were collected and compared to that of [Ru(bpy)3][PF6]2 (1), showing that the MLCT band is red-shifted upon introducing the diamine ligands in place of bipyridine. Emission spectra, excited-state lifetimes and emission quantum yields were collected at room temperature for the complexes 1-5, showing considerable changes in the photophysical characteristics upon the introductions of the diamine. The emission spectrum of 5 exhibits an intense emission in the far red-NIR region when excited at 510 nm. The cyclic voltammograms of the complexes 1-5 show one oxidation peak between 0.98 V and 1.15 V which is attributed to the Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple. Calculated HOMO and LUMO energy levels from both electrochemical data and theoretical calculations suggest a lower HOMO energy level for complex 1 than the diamino-containing complexes, presumably due to the stronger ligand field of the bipyridine.

  20. New mixed ligand complexes of ruthenium(II) that incorporate a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    cleavage of DNA by metal complexes, and it is related to the utility of these complexes in the design and development of ... and photochemical reactivities. Presently, a great deal of attention is .... (φ= 0⋅028 in CH3CN)23. Refractive index corrections have been incorporated while reporting the fluorescence data in various.

  1. Synthesis, Characterization, In Vitro Cytotoxicity, and Apoptosis-Inducing Properties of Ruthenium(II) Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Li; Zhong, Nan-Jing; Xie, Yang-Yin; Huang, Hong-Liang; Jiang, Guang-Bin; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2014-01-01

    Two new Ru(II) complexes, [Ru(bpy)2(FAMP)](ClO4)2 1 and 2, are synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray mass spectrometry, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance. The in vitro cytotoxicities and apoptosis-inducing properties of these complexes are extensively studied. Complexes 1 and 2 exhibit potent antiproliferative activities against a panel of human cancer cell lines. The cell cycle analysis shows that complexes 1 and 2 exhibit effective cell growth inhibition by triggering G0/G1 phase arrest and inducing apoptosis by mitochondrial dysfunction. The in vitro DNA binding properties of the two complexes are investigated by different spectrophotometric methods and viscosity measurements. PMID:24804832

  2. Photoreactions of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) complexes with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moucheron, C; Kirsch-De Mesmaeker, A; Kelly, J M

    1997-09-01

    The design of Ru(II) and Os(II) complexes which are photoreactive with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) represents one of the main targets for the development of novel molecular tools for the study of DNA and, in the future, for the production of new, metal-based, anti-tumor drugs. In this review, we explain how it is possible to make a complex photoreactive with nucleobases and nucleic acids. According to the photophysical behaviour of the Ru(II) compounds, two types of photochemistry are expected: (1) photosubstitution of a ligand by a nucleobase and another monodentate ligand, which takes place from the triplet, metal-centred (3MC) state; this state is populated thermally from the lowest lying triplet metal to ligand charge transfer (3MLCT) state; (2) photoreaction from the 3MLCT state, corresponding to photoredox processes with DNA bases. The two photoreactivities are in competition. By modulating appropriately the redox properties of the 3MLCT state, an electron transfer process from the base to the excited complex takes place, and is directly correlated with DNA cleavage or the formation of an adduct of the complex to DNA. In this adduct, guanine is linked by N2 to the alpha-position of a non-chelating nitrogen of the polyazaaromatic ligand without destruction of the complex. Different strategies are explained which increase the affinity of the complexes for DNA and direct the complex photoreactivity to sites of special DNA topology or targeted sequences of bases. Moreover, the replacement of the Ru(II) ion by the Os(II) ion in the photoreactive complexes leads to an increased specificity of photoreaction. Indeed, only one type of photoreactivity (from the 3MLCT state) is present for the Os(II) complexes because the 3MC state is too high in energy to be populated at room temperature.

  3. Deciphering the biochemical and molecular mechanism underlying the in vitro and in vivo chemotherapeutic efficacy of ruthenium quercetin complex in colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Souvik; Das, Rituparna; Ghosh, Balaram; Chakraborty, Tania

    2018-02-14

    Flavonoids are the most investigated phytochemicals due to their pharmacological and therapeutic activities. Their ability to chelate with metal ions has resulted in the emergence of a new category of molecules with a broader spectrum of pharmacological activities. In this study, the ruthenium quercetin complex has been synthesized and anticancer activity has been evaluated on a well-defined model of DMH followed by DSS induced rat colon cancer and on human colon cancer cell line HT-29. The characterizations accomplished through UV-visible, NMR, IR, Mass spectra and XRD techniques, and antioxidant activity was assessed by DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS methods. In vitro study confirmed that the complex increased p53 expression, reduced VEGF and mTOR expression, apoptosis induction, and DNA fragmentation in the HT-29 cells. Acute and subacute toxicity study was also assessed and results from in vivo study revealed that complex was efficient to suppress ACF multiplicity and hyperplastic lesions and elevated the CAT, SOD, and glutathione levels. Furthermore, the complex was found to decrease cell proliferation and increased apoptotic events in tumor cells correlates upregulation of p53 and Bax and downregulation of Bcl2 expression. Our findings from the in vitro and in vivo study support the continued investigation of ruthenium quercetin complex possesses a potential chemotherapeutic activity against colon cancer and was efficient in reducing ACF multiplicity, hyperplastic lesions in the colon tissues of rats by inducing apoptosis. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Charge-delocalized κ2 C, N-NHC-amine complexes of rhodium, iridium, and ruthenium

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Eveline; Lutz, Martin; Bruin, Bas De; Elsevier, Cornelis J.

    2014-01-01

    The development of a novel set of complexes bearing an NHC-amine ligand (CNHC-NH2) is described. M(cod) complexes (M = Ir, Rh) and a Ru complex have been synthesized in which three different coordination modes of the ligand were established: monodentate, neutral bidentate, and anionic bidentate. The anionic bidentate coordination mode of the anionic C NHC-NH- ligand arises from deprotonation of the amine moiety of the neutral CNHC-NH2 ligand. Ligand deprotonation proved to be reversible for t...

  5. Dichlorobis(5-methyl-2-(phenylazopyridine ruthenium(II complex: characterization and NMR spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanidtha Hansongnern

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The new azoimine functionalized ligand, 5-methyl-2-(phenylazopyridine (5mazpy was synthesized. It reacted with RuCl3.3H2O in ethanolic solution to give the isomeric [Ru(5mazpy2Cl2] complexes. One of the isomers was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. Results from infrared spectroscopy show that the N=N stretching mode in the complex appeared at a lower frequency than that in the free ligand. The formulation of complex was comfirmed by elemental analysis. The 1H and 13C NMR spectra of complex exhibited two sets of ligand peaks, this indicated that both 5mazpy ligands were in different environments. Therefore, the [Ru(5mazpy2Cl2] complex has no C2-symmetry. Results from UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy show that the complex exhibited the t2(Ru → π*(5mazpy MLCT transitions in the visible region. Redox studies showed the Ru(III/Ru(II couple at +0.62 V and two azo reductions couple at -1.17 V and -1.51 V versus ferrocene couple.

  6. Radiochemistry of ruthenium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schulz, W.W.; Metcalf, S.G.; Barney, G.S.

    1984-01-01

    Information on ruthenium is presented. Topics include the following; isotopes and nuclear properties of ruthenium; review of the chemistry of ruthenium including metal and alloys, compounds of ruthenium, and solution chemistry; separation methods including volatilization of RuO 4 , precipitation and coprecipitation, solvent extraction, chromatographic techniques, and analysis for radioruthenium. 445 refs., 7 figs., 23 tabs

  7. Radiochemistry of ruthenium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, W W; Metcalf, S G; Barney, G S

    1984-06-01

    Information on ruthenium is presented. Topics include the following; isotopes and nuclear properties of ruthenium; review of the chemistry of ruthenium including metal and alloys, compounds of ruthenium, and solution chemistry; separation methods including volatilization of RuO{sub 4}, precipitation and coprecipitation, solvent extraction, chromatographic techniques, and analysis for radioruthenium. 445 refs., 7 figs., 23 tabs.

  8. The Synthesis, Characterization and Reactivity of a Series of Ruthenium N-triphosPh Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phanopoulos, Andreas; Long, Nicholas; Miller, Philip

    2015-01-01

    Herein we report the synthesis of a tridentate phosphine ligand N(CH2PPh2)3 (N-triphosPh) (1) via a phosphorus based Mannich reaction of the hydroxylmethylene phosphine precursor with ammonia in methanol under a nitrogen atmosphere. The N-triphosPh ligand precipitates from the solution after approximately 1 hr of reflux and can be isolated analytically pure via simple cannula filtration procedure under nitrogen. Reaction of the N-triphosPh ligand with [Ru3(CO)12] under reflux affords a deep red solution that show evolution of CO gas on ligand complexation. Orange crystals of the complex [Ru(CO)2{N(CH2PPh2)3}-κ3P] (2) were isolated on cooling to RT. The 31P{1H} NMR spectrum showed a characteristic single peak at lower frequency compared to the free ligand. Reaction of a toluene solution of complex 2 with oxygen resulted in the instantaneous precipitation of the carbonate complex [Ru(CO3)(CO){N(CH2PPh2)3}-κ3P] (3) as an air stable orange solid. Subsequent hydrogenation of 3 under 15 bar of hydrogen in a high-pressure reactor gave the dihydride complex [RuH2(CO){N(CH2PPh2)3}-κ3P] (4), which was fully characterized by X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. Complexes 3 and 4 are potentially useful catalyst precursors for a range of hydrogenation reactions, including biomass-derived products such as levulinic acid (LA). Complex 4 was found to cleanly react with LA in the presence of the proton source additive NH4PF6 to give [Ru(CO){N(CH2PPh2)3}-κ3P{CH3CO(CH2)2CO2H}-κ2O](PF6) (6). PMID:25938678

  9. Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of ruthenium flavanol complexes against breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ashok Kumar; Saxena, Gunjan; Sahabjada; Arshad, M.

    2017-06-01

    Four Ru(II) DMSO complexes (M1R-M4R) having substituted flavones viz. 3-Hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL1), 3-Hydroxy-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL2), 3-Hydroxy-2-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL3) and 3-Hydroxy-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL4) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR spectroscopies and ESI-MS. The molecular structures of the complexes were investigated by integrated spectroscopic and computational techniques (DFT). Both ligands as well as their complexes were screened for anticancer activities against breast cancer cell lines MCF-7. Cytotoxicity was assayed by MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] assay. All ligands and their complexes exhibited significant cytotoxic potential of 5-40 μM concentration at incubation period of 24 h. The cell cytotoxicity increased significantly in a concentration-dependent manner. In this series of compounds, HL2 (IC50 17.2 μM) and its complex M2R (IC50 16 μM) induced the highest cytotoxicity.

  10. Backbone tuning in indenylidene–ruthenium complexes bearing an unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César A. Urbina-Blanco

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The steric and electronic influence of backbone substitution in IMes-based (IMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimidazol-2-ylidene N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC was probed by synthesizing the [RhCl(CO2(NHC] series of complexes to quantify experimentally the Tolman electronic parameter (electronic and the percent buried volume (%Vbur, steric parameters. The corresponding ruthenium–indenylidene complexes were also synthesized and tested in benchmark metathesis transformations to establish possible correlations between reactivity and NHC electronic and steric parameters.

  11. Studies on the mechanism of action of antitumor bis(aminophenolate) ruthenium(III) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dömötör, Orsolya; de Almeida, Rodrigo F M; Côrte-Real, Leonor; Matos, Cristina P; Marques, Fernanda; Matos, António; Real, Carla; Kiss, Tamás; Enyedy, Éva Anna; Helena Garcia, M; Tomaz, Ana Isabel

    2017-03-01

    Two recently published Ru(III) complexes bearing (N 2 O 2 ) tetradentate bis(aminophenolate) ligands, formulated as [Ru(III)(salan)(PPh 3 )Cl] (salan is the tetradentate ligand 6,6'-(1S,2S)-cyclohexane-1,2-diylbis(azanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(3-methoxyphenol) in complex 1, or 2,2'-(1S,2S)-cyclohexane-1,2-diylbis(azanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-methoxyphenol) in complex 2; PPh 3 is triphenylphosphane) and found very active against ovarian and breast adenocarcinoma human cells were studied to outline their antitumor mode of action. The human cisplatin-sensitive ovarian adenocarcinoma line A2780 was used herein as the cell model. At a 24h challenge (similarly as found before for 72h) both complexes are active, their cytotoxicity being comparable to that of cisplatin in the same conditions. As a possible target in the cell for their action, the interaction of 1 and 2 with DNA was assessed through displacement of well-established DNA fluorescent probes (ethidium bromide, EB, and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, DAPI) through steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The whole emission spectra were analyzed globally for the binary DNA-probe and ternary DNA-probe-Ru(III) complex systems. Both Ru(III) complexes can displace EB and bind to DNA with similar and moderate strong affinity with conditional stability constants of logK'=(5.05±0.01) for 1 and logK'=(4.79±0.01) for 2. The analysis of time-domain fluorescence intensity decays confirmed both qualitatively and quantitatively the model used to describe the binding and competition processes. Cell studies indicated that apoptosis is the major mechanism of cell death for both complexes, with 2 (the more active complex) promoting that process more efficiently than 1. Transmission electron micrographs revealed clear alterations on intracellular organization consistent with the induction of programmed cell death processes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Reactivity studies of eta sup (6)-p-cymene ruthenium(II) carboxylato complexes towards azide some neutral ligands

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, K.S.; Kollipara, M.R.

    sub (2)O sub (4)(7) or C sub (2)CH sub (2)O sub (4)(10)] have been prepared by the reaction of [(p-cymene)RuCl sub (2)]sub (2) with the corresponding sodium salts of the carboxylic acids. Treatment of (eta sup (6)-p-cymene) ruthenium(II) carboxylato...

  13. Evidence for Bidirectional Noninnocent Behavior of a Formazanate Ligand in Ruthenium Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mandal, A. B.; Schwederski, B.; Fiedler, Jan; Kaim, W.; Lahiri, G. K.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 16 (2015), s. 8126-8135 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-05180S Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : ELECTRON-PARAMAGNETIC-RESONANCE * DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY * BORON DIFLUORIDE COMPLEXES Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.820, year: 2015

  14. New mixed ligand complexes of ruthenium(II) that incorporate a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    of absorption and fluorescence titration as well as thermal denaturation studies reveal that both the bis- and tris-complexes of ptzo show moderately strong affinity for binding with calf thymus (CT) DNA with the binding constants being close to 105M–1 in each case. An intercalative mode of DNA binding has been suggested ...

  15. Cobalt(III), nickel(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes of 1,10 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. DNA binding and photocleavage characteristics of a series of mixed- ligand complexes of the type [M(phen)2LL]n+ (where M = Co(III), Ni(II) or Ru(II),. LL = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), phenanthroline-dione (phen-dione) or dipyridophenazine (dppz) and n = 3 or 2) have been investigated in detail. Various.

  16. Cobalt(III), nickel(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes of 1,10 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (phen)2(phen-dione)]2+ was prepared following a procedure analogous to that adopted for the synthesis of [Ru(phen)2(phen-dione)]2+ 25. The hexafluorophosphate salts of the synthesized complexes have been recrystallized by dissolving ...

  17. η6-Arene complexes of ruthenium and osmium with pendant donor functionalities

    KAUST Repository

    Reiner, Thomas

    2010-11-01

    Conversion of 4′-(2,5-dihydrophenyl)butanol or N-trifluoroacetyl-2,5- dihydrobenzylamine with MCl3·n H2O (M = Ru, Os) affords the corresponding dimeric η6-arene complexes in good to excellent yields. Under similar reaction conditions, the amine functionalized arene precursor 2,5-dihydrobenzylamine yields the corresponding Ru(II) complex. For osmium, HCl induced oxidation leads to formation of [OsCl6] 2- salts. However, under optimized reaction conditions, conversion of the precursor 2,5-dihydrobenzylamine chloride results in clean formation of η6-arene Os(II) complex. X-ray structures of [(η6- benzyl ammonium)(dmso)RuCl2] and (2,5-dihydrobenzyl ammonium) 4[OsCl6]2confirm the spectroscopic data. High stability towards air and acid as well as enhanced solubility in water is observed for all η6-arene complexes. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Remarkably Intense Emission from Ruthenium(II) Complexes with Multiple Borane Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagawa, Atsushi; Sakuda, Eri; Ito, Akitaka; Kitamura, Noboru

    2015-11-02

    The electrochemical, spectroscopic, and phophysical properties of a series of Ru(II) complexes having a triarylborane-appended 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) ligand(s) (RuBbpys: [Ru(Bbpy)n(bpy)(3-n)](2+) (B1n) and [Ru(B2bpy)n(bpy)(3-n)](2+) (B2n), B = (dimesityl)boryldurylethynyl group(s) at the 4- or 4,4'-position(s) in bpy, n = 1-3) are described. In the excited states of the complexes, the intramolecular charge transfer transitions between the π-orbital of the aryl group and the vacant p-orbital on the boron atom (π(aryl)-p(B) CT) synergistically interact with the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) transitions. The molar absorption coefficient of the MLCT band (ε(MLCT)) of the complex increased with increasing n, and B23 showed extremely intense absorption with ε(MLCT) = 5.6 × 10(4) M(-1) cm(-1) at 488 nm. Furthermore, B23 showed the highest emission quantum yield (0.43) among those of the polypyridine Ru(II) complexes hitherto reported. As one of the interesting results, we report that the radiative rate constant of B2n shows the correlation with ε(MLCT). The effects of the synergistic MLCT/π(aryl)-p(B) CT interactions on the spectroscopic and photophysical characteristics of RuBbpys are discussed in detail.

  19. Tuning interaction in dinuclear ruthenium complexes : HOMO versus LUMO mediated superexchange through azole and azine bridges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Browne, Wesley; Hage, R; Vos, Johannes G.

    In this review the interaction between metal centers in dinuclear complexes based on azole and azine containing bridging ligands is reviewed. The focus of the review is on the manner in which the interaction pathway can be manipulated by variations in the nature of both the direct bridging unit and

  20. Stereoselective Hydrogenation of Methyl Acetoacetate over Structurally Different Chiral Ruthenium Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Floriš, T.; Klusoň, Petr; Slater, M.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 102, č. 1 (2011), s. 67-74 ISSN 1878-5190 R&D Projects: GA ČR GD203/08/H032 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40720504 Keywords : Ru–BINAP complex * enantioselectivity * optical yield Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.829, year: 2011

  1. Application of circular dichroism spectroscopy in the study of mixed-valence asymmetric ruthenium polypyridyl complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahmed, Hamid M. Y.; Coburn, Nadia; Dini, Danilo; de Jong, Jaap J. D.; Villani, Claudio; Browne, Wesley R.; Vos, Johannes G.

    2011-01-01

    Circular dichroism (CD) spectroelectrochemistry is used to determine the extent of singly occupied molecular orbital delocalization in mixed-valence multinuclear complexes, specifically the mixed-valence (RuRuIII)-Ru-II states of the four diastereoisomers of [(Ru(bpy)(2))(2)(bpt)](3+) [1; bpy =

  2. Large electric-field-induced strain in centrosymmetric crystals of a dipolar ruthenium alkynyl complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, K; Barlow, A; Moxey, G J; Li, Q; Liu, Y; Humphrey, M G; Cifuentes, M P; Frankcombe, T J; Stranger, R

    2015-04-28

    Dipolar molecular crystals present different physical properties from traditionally strongly correlated ionic solid-state inorganic crystals due to the weak intermolecular bonding. Herein, centrosymmetric dipolar molecular crystals of the organoruthenium complex trans-[Ru(C≡CC6H4-4-NO2)(C≡CPh)(dppe)2] [dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane] display a large electric-field-induced strain behaving differently from conventional piezoelectric materials that must, structurally, be noncentrosymmetric. Further studies of related systematically varied crystalline organoruthenium complexes reveal that the strong electromechanical coupling effect is not from classical ferroelectricity, electrostriction, flexoelectricity or electrochemical strain. It is, instead, attributed to the disorder in the molecular packing, which facilitates reorientation of the molecular dipoles under the action of an applied electric field. This provides a fresh insight into the design and development of new functional materials and a promising source of electromechanical coupling in organometallic, and more generally dipolar molecular, crystals.

  3. PALLADIUM, PLATINUM, RHODIUM, RUTHENIUM AND IRIDIUM IN PERIDOTITES AND CHROMITITES FROM OPHIOLITE COMPLEXES IN NEWFOUNDLAND.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Norman J; Talkington, Raymond W.

    1984-01-01

    Samples of spinel lherzolite, harzburgite, dunite, and chromitite from the Bay of Islands, Lewis Hills, Table Mountain, Advocate, North Arm Mountain, White Hills Periodite Point Rousse, Great Bend and Betts Cove ophiolite complexes in Newfoundland were analyzed for the platinum-group elements (PGE) Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru and Ir. The ranges of concentration (in ppb) observed for all rocks are: less than 0. 5 to 77 (Pd), less than 1 to 120 (Pt), less than 0. 5 to 20 (Rh), less than 100 to 250 (Ru) and less than 20 to 83 (Ir). Chondrite-normalized PGE ratios suggest differences between rock types and between complexes. Samples of chromitite and dunite show relative enrichment in Ru and Ir and relative depletion in Pt and Pd.

  4. Novel ruthenium methylcyclopentadienyl complex bearing a bipyridine perfluorinated ligand shows strong activity towards colorectal cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Ricardo G; Brás, Ana Rita; Côrte-Real, Leonor; Tatikonda, Rajendhraprasad; Sanches, Anabela; Robalo, M Paula; Avecilla, Fernando; Moreira, Tiago; Garcia, M Helena; Haukka, Matti; Preto, Ana; Valente, Andreia

    2018-01-01

    Three new compounds have been synthesized and completely characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The new bipyridine-perfluorinated ligand L1 and the new organometallic complex [Ru(η 5 -MeCp)(PPh 3 ) 2 Cl] (Ru1) crystalize in the centrosymmetric triclinic space group P1¯. Analysis of the phenotypic effects induced by both organometallic complexes Ru1 and [Ru(η 5 -MeCp)(PPh 3 )(L1)][CF 3 SO 3 ] (Ru2), on human colorectal cancer cells (SW480 and RKO) survival, showed that Ru2 has a potent anti-proliferative activity, 4-6 times higher than cisplatin, and induce apoptosis in these cells. Data obtained in a noncancerous cell line derived from normal colon epithelial cells (NCM460) revealed an intrinsic selectivity of Ru2 for malignant cells at low concentrations, showing the high potential of this compound as a selective anticancer agent. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. A label-free photoelectrochemical cocaine aptasensor based on an electropolymerized ruthenium-intercalator complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haddache, Fatima; Le Goff, Alan; Spinelli, Nicolas; Gairola, Priyanka; Gorgy, Karine; Gondran, Chantal; Defrancq, Eric; Cosnier, Serge

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Electrodes were modified by an electrogenerated Ru(II) complex which demonstrates photosensitive properties and intercalating properties towards the stem-loop base pairing domain of cocaine aptamers. • Cocaine aptamers were immobilized as mono-and double-fragment which showed different behaviour towards photocurrent generation. • The binding of aptamer could be followed by photelectrochemistry and modelized using a Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm. • Using the double-fragment aptamer, a label-free photoelectrochemical aptasensor was designed, exhibiting a LOD of 10 nmol L −1 and linear range of 1 10 −8 –5 10 −4 mol L −1 . - Abstract: A photoelectrode was designed by electrodeposition of a pyrrole monomer modified with a polypyridyl Ru(II) complex bearing benzo[i]dipyrido-[3,2-a:2′.3′-c]phenazine (dppn) ligand. Owing to the intercalating properties of these immobilized complexes towards DNA double helix, cocaine aptamer was immobilized on the modified electrodes thanks to its stem-loop configuration in order to design a photoelectrochemical cocaine aptasensor. Especially using a double-fragment aptamer strategy, the binding of cocaine and the formation of the aptamer/cocaine complex was successfully observed and modeled by a Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm, giving access to an apparent dissociation constant K d of 3.8 mmol L −1 . The photoelectrochemical aptasensor exhibits a LOD of 10 nmol L −1 and linear range of 1 10 −8 –5 10 −4 mol L −1 .

  6. Role of the Bridging Arylethynyl Ligand in Bi- and Trinuclear Ruthenium and Iron Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klein, A.; Lavastre, O.; Fiedler, Jan

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 3 (2006), s. 635-643 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1P05OC068; GA MŠk LC510 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : X-ray crystal * nonlinear optical properties * sigma-acetylide complexes Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 3.632, year: 2006

  7. From ruthenium olefin metathesis catalyst to (η5-3- phenylindenyl)hydrido complex via alcoholysis

    KAUST Repository

    Manzini, Simone

    2014-01-01

    The synthesis and characterisation of [Ru(H)(η5-3- phenylindenyl)(iBu-Phoban)2] 4 is reported ( iBu-Phoban = 9-isobutyl-9-phosphabicyclo-[3.3.1]-nonane). 4 is obtained via alcoholysis of metathesis pre-catalyst M11, in a process that was previously thought to be limited to analogous complex [RuCl 2(PPh3)2(3-phenylindenylidene)] (M 10). This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  8. Molecular wiring of LiMnPO4 (olivine) by ruthenium(II)-bipyridine complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kavan, Ladislav; Zukalová, Markéta; Exnar, I.; Zakeeruddin, S. M.; Graetzel, M.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 11 (2009), s. 2137-2140 ISSN 1388-2481 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC510; GA AV ČR IAA400400804; GA AV ČR KAN200100801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : LiMnPO4 * Ru-bipyridine complexes * Olivine Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 4.243, year: 2009

  9. Synthesis and characterisation of ruthenium carbonyl complexes with cyclometallated ligands derived from senecialdimine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mul, WP; Elsevier, CJ; Vuurman, MA; Smeets, WJJ; Spek, AL; deBoer, JL

    1997-01-01

    From thermal reactions of Ru-3(CO)(12) with senecialdimine, (CH3)(2)C=CHCH=NR (R = iPr (a), t-Bu (b)), in refluxing heptanes the following complexes have been isolated and characterised: Ru-2(CO)(6)[(CH3)(2)C(H)CC(H)NR] (2a,b), Ru-2(Co)(6)[C(H)C(CH3)C(H)C(H)=NR] (3a,b),

  10. Efficient Light-Driven Water Oxidation Catalysis by Dinuclear Ruthenium Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berardi, Serena; Francàs, Laia; Neudeck, Sven; Maji, Somnath; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi; Meyer, Franc; Llobet, Antoni

    2015-11-01

    Mastering the light-induced four-electron oxidation of water to molecular oxygen is a key step towards the achievement of overall water splitting to produce alternative solar fuels. In this work, we report two rugged molecular pyrazolate-based diruthenium complexes that efficiently catalyze visible-light-driven water oxidation. These complexes were fully characterized both in the solid state (by X-ray diffraction analysis) and in solution (spectroscopically and electrochemically). Benchmark performances for homogeneous oxygen production have been obtained for both catalysts in the presence of a photosensitizer and a sacrificial electron acceptor at pH 7, and a turnover frequency of up to 11.1 s(-1) and a turnover number of 5300 were obtained after three successive catalytic runs. Under the same experimental conditions with the same setup, the pyrazolate-based diruthenium complexes outperform other well-known water oxidation catalysts owing to both electrochemical and mechanistic aspects. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  11. Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline ZnO Solar Cells Based on Ruthenium(II Phendione Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hashem Shahroosvand

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The metal complexes (RuII (phen2(phendione(PF62(1, [RuII (phen(bpy(phendione(PF62 (2, and (RuII (bpy2(phendione(PF62 (3 (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine and phendione = 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione have been synthesized as photo sensitizers for ZnO semiconductor in solar cells. FT-IR and absorption spectra showed the favorable interfacial binding between the dye-molecules and ZnO surface. The surface analysis and size of adsorbed dye on nanostructure ZnO were further examined with AFM and SEM. The AFM images clearly show both, the outgrowth of the complexes which are adsorbed on ZnO thin film and the depression of ZnO thin film. We have studied photovoltaic properties of dye-sensitized nanocrystalline semiconductor solar cells based on Ru phendione complexes, which gave power conversion efficiency of (η of 1.54% under the standard AM 1.5 irradiation (100 mW cm−2 with a short-circuit photocurrent density (sc of 3.42 mA cm−2, an open-circuit photovoltage (oc of 0.622 V, and a fill factor (ff of 0.72. Monochromatic incident photon to current conversion efficiency was 38% at 485 nm.

  12. RutheniumII(η6-arene Complexes of Thiourea Derivatives: Synthesis, Characterization and Urease Inhibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hanif

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available RuII(arene complexes have emerged as a versatile class of compounds to design metallodrugs as potential treatment for a wide range of diseases including cancer and malaria. They feature modes of action that involve classic DNA binding like platinum anticancer drugs, may covalent binding to proteins, or multimodal biological activity. Herein, we report the synthesis and urease inhibition activity of RuII(arene complexes of the general formula [RuII(η6-p-cymene(LCl2] and [RuII(η6-p-cymene(PPh3(LCl]PF6 with S-donor systems (L based on heterocyclic thiourea derivatives. The compounds were characterized by 1H-, 13C{1H}- and 31P{1H}-NMR spectroscopy, as well as elemental analysis. The crystal structure of [chlorido(η6-p-cymene(imidazolidine-2-thione(triphenylphosphineruthenium(II] hexafluorophosphate 11 was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. A signal in the range 175–183 ppm in the 13C{1H}-NMR spectrum indicates the presence of a thione rather than a thiolate. This observation was also confirmed in the solid state by X-ray diffraction analysis of 11 which shows a C=S bond length of 1.720 Å. The compounds were tested for urease inhibitory activity and the thiourea-derived ligands exhibited moderate activity, whereas their corresponding Ru(arene complexes were not active.

  13. Experimental and theoretical study on the complexation of the thallium cation with dibenzo-18-crown-6

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Toman, Petr; Vaňura, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 59, č. 1 (2012), s. 199-202 ISSN 1318-0207 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : thallium cation * dibenzo-18-crown-6 * complexation, Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.135, year: 2012 http://acta.chem-soc.si/59/59-1-199.pdf

  14. Interaction and Binding Modes of bis-Ruthenium(II Complex to Synthetic DNAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasi Rani Barai

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available [μ-(linkerL2(dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine2(phenanthroline2Ru(II2]2+ with linker: 1,3-bis-(4-pyridyl-propane, L: PF6 (bis-Ru-bpp was synthesized and their binding properties to a various polynucleotides were investigated by spectroscopy, including normal absorption, circular dichroism(CD, linear dichroism(LD, and luminescence techniques in this study. On binding to polynucleotides, the bis-Ru-bpp complex with poly[d(A-T2], and poly[d(I-C2] exhibited a negative LDr signal whose intensity was as large as that in the DNA absorption region, followed by a complicated LDr signal in the metal-to-ligand charge transfer region. Also, the emission intensity and equilibrium constant of the bis-Ru-bpp complex with poly[d(A-T2], and poly[d(I-C2] were enhanced. It was reported that both of dppz ligand of the bis-Ru-bpp complex intercalated between DNA base-pairs when bound to native, mixed sequence DNA. Observed spectral properties resemble to those observed for poly[d(A-T2] and poly[d(I-C2], led us to be concluded that both dppz ligands intercalate between alternated AT and IC bases-pairs In contrast when bis-Ru-bpp complex was bound to poly[d(G-C2], the magnitude of the LDr in the dppz absorption region, as well as the emission intensity, was half in comparison to that of bound to poly[d(A-T2], and poly[d(I-C2]. Therefore the spectral properties of the bis-Ru-bpp-poly[d(G-C2] complex suggested deviation from bis-intercalation model in the poly[d(G-C2] case. These results can be explained by a model whereby one of the dppz ligands is intercalated while the other is exposed to solvent or may exist near to phosphate. Also it is indicative that the amine group of guanine in the minor groove provides the steric hindrance for incoming intercalation binder and it also takes an important role in a difference in binding of bis-Ru-bpp bound to poly[d(A-T2] and poly[d(I-C2].

  15. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing quinoline-azoimine (NN'N″) tridentate ligands: synthesis, spectral characterization, electrochemical properties and single-crystal X-ray structure analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S; Fasfous, Ismail I; El-khateeb, Mohammad; Awwadi, Firas F; Warad, Ismail

    2014-05-05

    Four octahedral ruthenium(II) azoimine-quinoline complexes having the general molecular formula [Ru(II)(L-Y)(bpy)Cl](PF6) {L-Y=YC6H4N=NC(COCH3)=NC9H6N, Y=H (1), CH3 (2), Br (3), NO2 (4) and bpy=2,2'-bipyrdine} were synthesized. The azoimine-quinoline based ligands behave as NN'N″ tridentate donors and coordinated to ruthenium via azo-N', imine-N' and quinolone-N″ nitrogen atoms. The composition of the complexes has been established by elemental analysis, spectral methods (FT-IR, electronic, (1)H NMR, UV/Vis and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry) techniques. The crystal structure of complex 1 is reported. The Ru(II) oxidation state is greatly stabilized by the novel tridentate ligands, showing Ru(III/II) couples ranging from 0.93-1.27 V vs. Cp2Fe/Cp2Fe(+). The absorption spectrum of 1 in dichloromethane was modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Protic NNN and NCN Pincer-Type Ruthenium Complexes Featuring (Trifluoromethyl)pyrazole Arms: Synthesis and Application to Catalytic Hydrogen Evolution from Formic Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakahara, Yoshiko; Toda, Tatsuro; Matsunami, Asuka; Kayaki, Yoshihito; Kuwata, Shigeki

    2018-01-04

    NNN and NCN pincer-type ruthenium(II) complexes featuring two protic pyrazol-3-yl arms with a trifluoromethyl (CF 3 ) group at the 5-position were synthesized and structurally characterized to evaluate the impact of the substitution on the properties and catalysis. The increased Brønsted acidity by the highly electron-withdrawing CF 3 pendants was demonstrated by protonation-deprotonation experiments. By contrast, the IR spectra of the carbonyl derivatives as well as the cyclic voltammogram indicated that the electron density of the ruthenium atom is negligibly influenced by the CF 3 group. Catalysis of these complexes in the decomposition of formic acid to dihydrogen and carbon dioxide was also examined. The NNN pincer-type complex 1 a with the CF 3 group exhibited a higher catalytic activity than the tBu-substituted analogue 1 b. In addition, the bis(CF 3 -pyrazolato) ammine derivative 4 catalyzed the reaction even in the absence of base additives. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Synthesis and characterization of a homogeneous and silica supported homoleptic cationic tungsten(vi) methyl complex: application in olefin metathesis

    KAUST Repository

    Dey, Raju

    2016-08-19

    A method for the synthesis of a homogeneous cationic tungsten(VI)penta-methyl complex [(WMe5)(+)(C6F5)(3)BMe-] from neutral tungstenhexamethyl (WMe6) and a silica supported cationic tungstentetramethyl complex [( Si-O-)WMe4+ (C6F5)(3)BMe-] from a neutral silica supported tungstenpentamethyl complex [( Si-O-)WMe5] is described. In both cases a direct demethylation using the B(C6F5)(3) reagent was used. The aforesaid complexes were characterized by liquid or solid state NMR spectroscopy. Interestingly, the homogeneous cationic complex [(WMe5)(+)(C6F5)(3)BMe-] shows moderate activity whereas the supported cationic complex [( Si-O-)WMe4+(C6F5)(3)BMe-] exhibits good activity in olefin metathesis reactions.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of a homogeneous and silica supported homoleptic cationic tungsten(vi) methyl complex: application in olefin metathesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Raju; Samantaray, Manoja K; Poater, Albert; Hamieh, Ali; Kavitake, Santosh; Abou-Hamad, Edy; Callens, Emmanuel; Emwas, Abdul-Hamid; Cavallo, Luigi; Basset, Jean-Marie

    2016-09-13

    A method for the synthesis of a homogeneous cationic tungsten(vi)pentamethyl complex [(WMe 5 ) + (C 6 F 5 ) 3 BMe - ] from neutral tungstenhexamethyl (WMe 6 ) and a silica supported cationic tungstentetramethyl complex [([triple bond, length as m-dash]Si-O-)WMe 4 + (C 6 F 5 ) 3 BMe - ] from a neutral silica supported tungstenpentamethyl complex [([triple bond, length as m-dash]Si-O-)WMe 5 ] is described. In both cases a direct demethylation using the B(C 6 F 5 ) 3 reagent was used. The aforesaid complexes were characterized by liquid or solid state NMR spectroscopy. Interestingly, the homogeneous cationic complex [(WMe 5 ) + (C 6 F 5 ) 3 BMe - ] shows moderate activity whereas the supported cationic complex [([triple bond, length as m-dash]Si-O-)WMe 4 + (C 6 F 5 ) 3 BMe - ] exhibits good activity in olefin metathesis reactions.

  19. Investigations on complexing cation exchangers and their use for trace analysis in natural waters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lang, H.

    1991-12-01

    The practicability of cation preconcentrations from natural waters by use of EDTrA- and 5-s-oxine- celluloses has been studied. For that purpose the protonation constants as well as the complexation capacities were determined by use of acid/base titrations. In additional titration experiments the complex stability constants for Cu 2+ , Mn 2+ , Co 2+ , Ni 2+ and Ca 2+ were determined examplarely. The interpretation of the experiments was performed using an optimised fit between calculated and experimentally determined pH-titration curves. Calculations have been done by the computer code 'MINEQL'. The determined stability constants are in the same order of magnitude as those given in literature for the water soluble complexes of EDTA, NTA or 5-s-oxine. The preconcentration of cations from natural water samples occurs in accordance with the theoretical predictions. Not ignorable disturbances appear for cations forming hydroxides or oxides in neutral or weakly acidic solutions. By use of radioactive isotopes for Sn 2+ , Zn 4+ and Nb 5+ it can be shown that those ions may form particles or colloids in natural waters. These particles will be filtered in the columns packed with the celluloses and can hardly be removed from there. (author)

  20. Cationic tungsten-oxo-alkylidene-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes: highly active olefin metathesis catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schowner, Roman; Frey, Wolfgang; Buchmeiser, Michael R

    2015-05-20

    The synthesis, structure, and olefin metathesis activity of the first neutral and cationic W-oxo-alkylidene-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalysts are reported. Neutral W-oxo-alkylidene-NHC catalysts can be prepared in up to 90% isolated yield. Depending on the ligands used, they possess either an octahedral (Oh) or trigonal bipyramidal ligand sphere. They can be activated with excess AlCl3 to form cationic olefin metathesis-active W-complexes; however, these readily convert into neutral chloro-complexes. Well-defined, stable cationic species can be prepared by stoichiometric substitution of one chloro ligand in the parent, neutral W-oxo-alkylidene-NHC complexes with Ag(MeCN)2B(Ar(F))4 or NaB(Ar(F))4; B(Ar(F))4 = B(3,5-(CF3)2-C6H3)4. They are highly active olefin metathesis catalysts, allowing for turnover numbers up to 10,000 in various olefin metathesis reactions including alkenes bearing nitrile, sec-amine, and thioether groups.

  1. Half-Sandwich Iridium(III) and Ruthenium(II) Complexes Containing P^P-Chelating Ligands: A New Class of Potent Anticancer Agents with Unusual Redox Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, JuanJuan; Tian, Meng; Tian, Zhenzhen; Zhang, Shumiao; Yan, Chao; Shao, Changfang; Liu, Zhe

    2018-02-19

    A series of half-sandwich Ir III pentamethylcyclopentadienyl and Ru II arene complexes containing P^P-chelating ligands of the type [(Cp x /arene)M(P^P)Cl]PF 6 , where M = Ir, Cp x is pentamethylcyclopentadienyl (Cp*), or 1-biphenyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl cyclopentadienyl (Cp xbiPh ); M = Ru, arene is 3-phenylpropan-1-ol (bz-PA), 4-phenylbutan-1-ol (bz-BA), or p-cymene (p-cym), and P^P is 2,20-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,10-binaphthyl (BINAP), have been synthesized and fully characterized, three of them by X-ray crystallography, and their potential as anticancer agents explored. All five complexes showed potent anticancer activity toward HeLa and A549 cancer cells. The introduction of a biphenyl substituent on the Cp* ring for the iridium complexes has no effect on the antiproliferative potency. Ruthenium complex [(η 6 -p-cym)Ru(P^P)Cl]PF 6 (5) displayed the highest potency, about 15 and 7.5 times more active than the clinically used cisplatin against A549 and HeLa cells, respectively. No binding to 9-MeA and 9-EtG nucleobases was observed. Although these types of complexes interact with ctDNA, DNA appears not to be the major target. Compared to iridium complex [(η 5 -Cp*)Ir(P^P)Cl]PF 6 (1), ruthenium complex (5) showed stronger ability to interfere with coenzyme NAD + /NADH couple through transfer hydrogenation reactions and to induce ROS in cells, which is consistent with their anticancer activities. The redox properties of the complexes 1, 5, and ligand BINAP were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry. Complexes 1 and 5 arrest cell cycles at the S phase, Sub-G 1 phase and G 1 phase, respectively, and cause cell apoptosis toward A549 cells.

  2. Study of ruthenium complexation by 22' bipyridine in nitric aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alozy, J.P.

    1982-01-01

    Substitution of the NO 3- , NO + ions of RuNO(NO 3 )x.yH 2 Osup((3-x)+) complexes by 22'bipyridine (bipy) in nitric aqueous solution was studied by spectrophotometry. In the absence of reducing agent we observe the species RuNO(bipy)(NO3)sub(z)sup((3-z)+) and RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3 2 + . Most reducing agents give rise to the RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3 2 + + e → RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3+ reaction. The oxydation potential of the reversible couple RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3 2 + /RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3+ was measured by cyclic voltamperometry at the platinum electrode. Its value is + 1.02 V/NHE. Substitution of NO + ions by a (bipy) molecule is only possible in the presence of reducing agents of apparent formal potential below + 0.5 V/NHE, and anti-nitrite agents are also needed; these two functions can be fulfilled by hydrazine and ascorbic acid. The presence of HSO 3 NH 2 was necessary to obtain the substitution of NO + and NO 3- by bipy during electrochemical reductions. The intermediate complexes RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3 2 + and RuNO(bipy) 2 NO 3+ probably include two bipy molecules in the trans position whereas RuNO(bipy) 2 2 + complexes, where the sixth coordination position is occupied by π donors stronger than NO 3- , have two bipy molecules in the cis position [fr

  3. The Effect of Dye Density on the Efficiency of Photosensitization of TiO2 Films: Light-Harvesting by Phenothiazine-Labelled Dendritic Ruthenium Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-Yong Zhu

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A family of dendritic tris-bipyridyl ruthenium coordination complexes incorporating two or four carboxylate groups for binding to a TiO2 surface site and another dendritic linker between the metal complex and highly absorptive dyes were formulated as thin films on TiO2 coated glass. The family included phenothiazine-substituted dendrons of increasing structural complexity and higher optical density. The dye-loaded films were characterized by steady-state emission and absorption measurements and by kinetic studies of luminescence and transient absorption. Upon photoexcitation of the bound dyes, rapid electron injection into the metal oxide film was the dominant observed process, producing oxidized dye that persisted for hundreds of milliseconds. Complex decay profiles for emission, transient absorption, and optical bleaching of the dendritic dyes point to highly heterogeneous behavior for the films, with observed persistence lifetimes related directly to structurally enhance electronic coupling between the metal oxide support and the dendritic dyes.

  4. Capillary electrophoresis method to determine siRNA complexation with cationic liposomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furst, Tania; Bettonville, Virginie; Farcas, Elena; Frere, Antoine; Lechanteur, Anna; Evrard, Brigitte; Fillet, Marianne; Piel, Géraldine; Servais, Anne-Catherine

    2016-10-01

    Small interfering RNA (siRNA) inducing gene silencing has great potential to treat many human diseases. To ensure effective siRNA delivery, it must be complexed with an appropriate vector, generally nanoparticles. The nanoparticulate complex requires an optimal physiochemical characterization and the complexation efficiency has to be precisely determined. The methods usually used to measure complexation in gel electrophoresis and RiboGreen ® fluorescence-based assay. However, those approaches are not automated and present some drawbacks such as the low throughput and the use of carcinogenic reagents. The aim of this study is to develop a new simple and fast method to accurately quantify the complexation efficiency. In this study, capillary electrophoresis (CE) was used to determine the siRNA complexation with cationic liposomes. The short-end injection mode applied enabled siRNA detection in less than 5 min. Moreover, the CE technique offers many advantages compared with the other classical methods. It is automated, does not require sample preparation and expensive reagents. Moreover, no mutagenic risk is associated with the CE approach since no carcinogenic product is used. Finally, this methodology can also be extended for the characterization of other types of nanoparticles encapsulating siRNA, such as cationic polymeric nanoparticles. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Efficient and selective hydrogen generation from bioethanol using ruthenium pincer-type complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sponholz, Peter; Mellmann, Dörthe; Cordes, Christoph; Alsabeh, Pamela G; Li, Bin; Li, Yang; Nielsen, Martin; Junge, Henrik; Dixneuf, Pierre; Beller, Matthias

    2014-09-01

    Catalytic generation of hydrogen from aqueous ethanol solution proceeds in the presence of pincer-type transition metal catalysts. Optimal results are obtained applying a [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(iPr2PEtN(H)EtPiPr2)] complex (catalyst TON 80,000) in the presence of water and base. This dehydrogenation reaction provides up to 70% acetic acid in a selective manner. For the first time, it is shown that bioethanol obtained from fermentation processes can be used directly in this protocol without the need for water removal. The produced hydrogen can be directly utilized in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells, since very low amounts of CO are formed. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Crystal structure and physical properties of a ruthenium(II) bipyridine dimethylsulfoxide complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Y.; Eichhorn, D.M.; Goswami, N.; Zhao, Q.; Rillema, D.P.

    1999-01-01

    The complex [Ru(bpy) 2 (DMSO)C1]PF 6 , where bpy is 2,2prime-bipyridine and DMSO is dimethyl-sulfoxide, crystallizes in the triclinic space group Pbar 1 (number s ign2) with a = 8.873 (2), b = 12.805 (4), c = 12.864 (4) angstrom, α = 97.76(3), β = 106.45(2), γ = 107.88(2); Z = 2, and d calc = 1.75 mg/m 3 . The coordination geometry is that of a distorted octahedron with a cis-RuN 4 SCl arrangement of coordinating atoms. The four Ru-N distances to the bpy ligands are 2.082(5), 2.092(4), 2.044(4), and 2.078(5) angstrom. The Ru-Cl distance is 2.421(2) angstrom and the Ru-S distance to DMSO is 2.260(1) angstrom. The Ru-N bond distance trans to Cl is the shortest; the Ru-N bond distance trans to S is the longest. The complex is oxidized and reduced reversibly at 1.13 and minus1.37 V vs. SSCE, respectively. It displays electronic absorptions at 515, 480 (1.5 x 10 4 ), 342 (1.5 X 10 4 ), 292 (1.2 X 10 5 ), and 240 nm (6.2 x 10 4 ) and has a broad emission band centered at 607 nm at 77 K in a 4:1 ethanol/methanol glass. The emission lifetime at room temperature is less than the pulse width of the laser, τ < 20 ns

  7. Cationic Tungsten(VI) Penta-Methyl Complex: Synthesis, Characterization and its Application in Olefin Metathesis Reaction

    KAUST Repository

    Dey, Raju

    2016-04-13

    Tungsten-hexa-methyl readily reacts with B(C6F5)3 in dichloromethane and generates the corresponding well-defined cationic tungsten-penta-methyl complex which was identified precisely by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-13C NMR correlation spectroscopy. Unlike WMe6, this cationic complex has low energy barrier to form tungsten carbene intermediate, which was further supported by the fact that WMe6 alone has no activity in olefin metathesis reaction whereas the cationic complex shows catalytic activity for self-metathesis of 1-octene.

  8. Cationic Tungsten(VI Penta-Methyl Complex: Synthesis, Characterization and its Application in Olefin Metathesis Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dey Raju

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tungsten-hexa-methyl readily reacts with B(C6F53 in dichloromethane and generates the corresponding well-defined cationic tungsten-penta-methyl complex which was identified precisely by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-13C NMR correlation spectroscopy. Unlike WMe6, this cationic complex has low energy barrier to form tungsten carbene intermediate, which was further supported by the fact that WMe6 alone has no activity in olefin metathesis reaction whereas the cationic complex shows catalytic activity for self-metathesis of 1-octene.

  9. ESI MS and PM5 semiempirical studies of gossypol schiff base with ( R)-tetrahydrofurfurylamine complexes and monovalent cations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przybylski, Piotr; Włodarz, Magdalena; Schroeder, Grzegorz; Pankiewicz, Radosław; Brzezinski, Bogumil; Bartl, Franz

    2004-05-01

    Complexation of monovalent cations by a new Schiff base of gossypol with ( R)-tetrahydrofurfurylamine (GSTF) has been studied by ESI mass spectrometry as well as by PM5 semiempirical method. On the basis of ESI spectra it has been found that the new gossypol Schiff base forms only 1:1 complexes with all monovalent metal cations. With H + cation the Schiff base forms 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4 complexes. In the 1:1 and 1:2 complexes with protons, they are localised on the N atoms of the Schiff base. In the 1:4 complex two protons are localised on the N atoms and two other on the O atoms of the furan ring. In all complexes with protons the molecule exists in the imine-imine tautomeric form. The new Schiff base forms 1:1 complexes with monovalent cations, which occur in the enamine-enamine tautomeric form. The Li + and Na + cations in the complexes with GSTF are coordinated by oxygen atoms and N atoms of the Schiff base, whereas the K +, Rb + and Cs + cations are only coordinated by oxygen atoms. The structures of the complexes are calculated by PM5 semiempirical method and discussed.

  10. Spin crossover studies in cationic complexes of iron by using Moessbauer spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vadera, S.R.; Kumar, N.

    1990-01-01

    The spin transition in two new cationic complexes of iron, i.e. iron bipyridine formate, [Fe(bipy) 3 ](HCOO) 2 .5(HCOOH) and iron bipyridine tetrafluoro borate, [Fe(bipy) 3 ](BF 4 ) 2 .2H 2 O were studied by Moessbauer spectroscopy. From quadrupole splitting values, it was established that at different temperatures both complexes show the coexistence of both high spin state and low spin state at 300 K, while complete transformation to low spin state occurs at 77 K. Both compounds were prepared by electrochemical technique. (author) 12 refs.; 1 fig.; 1 tab

  11. Photoresponsive Molecular Memory Films Composed of Sequentially Assembled Heterolayers Containing Ruthenium Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagashima, Takumi; Ozawa, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Takashi; Nakabayashi, Takuya; Kanaizuka, Katsuhiko; Haga, Masa-Aki

    2016-01-26

    Photoresponsive molecular memory films were fabricated by a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembling of two dinuclear Ru complexes with tetrapodal phosphonate anchors, containing either 2,3,5,6-tetra(2-pyridyl)pyrazine or 1,2,4,5-tetra(2-pyridyl)benzene as a bridging ligand (Ru-NP and Ru-CP, respectively), using zirconium phosphonate to link the layers. Various types of multilayer homo- and heterostructures were constructed. In the multilayer heterofilms such as ITO||(Ru-NP)m |(Ru-CP)n , the difference in redox potentials between Ru-NP and Ru-CP layers was approximately 0.7 V, which induced a potential gradient determined by the sequence of the layers. In the ITO||(Ru-NP)m |(Ru-CP)n multilayer heterofilms, the direct electron transfer (ET) from the outer Ru-CP layers to the ITO were observed to be blocked for m>2, and charge trapping in the outer Ru-CP layers became evident from the appearance of an intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) band at 1140 nm from the formation of the mixed-valent state of Ru-CP units, resulting from the reductive ET mediation of the inner Ru-NP layers. Therefore, the charging/discharging ("1"and "0") states in the outer Ru-CP layers could be addressed and interconverted by applying potential pulses between -0.5 and +0.7 V. The two states could be read out by the direction of the photocurrent (anodic or cathodic). The molecular heterolayer films thus represent a typical example of a photoresponsive memory device; that is, the writing process may be achieved by the applied potential (-0.5 or +0.7 V), while the readout process is achieved by measuring the direction of the photocurrent (anodic or cathodic). Sequence-sensitive multilayer heterofilms, using redox-active complexes as building blocks, thus demonstrate great potential for the design of molecular functional devices. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Light-triggered dissociation of self-assembled β-amyloid aggregates into small, nontoxic fragments by ruthenium (II) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Giyeong; Lee, Byung Il; Chung, You Jung; Park, Chan Beum

    2018-02-01

    The self-assembly of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides into highly stable plaques is a major hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Here, we report visible light-driven dissociation of β-sheet-rich Aβ aggregates into small, nontoxic fragments using ruthenium (II) complex {[Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ } that functions as a highly sensitive, biocompatible, photoresponsive anti-Aβ agent. According to our multiple analyses using thioflavin T, bicinchoninic acid, dynamic light scattering, atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ successfully disassembled Aβ aggregates by destabilizing the β-sheet secondary structure under illumination of white light-emitting diode light. We validated that photoexcited [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ causes oxidative damages of Aβ peptides, resulting in the dissociation of Aβ aggregates. The efficacy of [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ is attributed to reactive oxygen species, such as singlet oxygen, generated from [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ that absorbed photon energy in the visible range. Furthermore, photoexcited [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ strongly inhibited the self-assembly of Aβ monomers even at concentrations as low as 1 nM and reduced the cytotoxicity of Aβ aggregates. Alzheimer's disease is the most common progressive neurodegenerative disease, affecting more than 13% of the population over age 65. Over the last decades, researchers have focused on understanding the mechanism of amyloid formation, the hallmark of various amyloid diseases including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. In this paper, we successfully demonstrate the dissociation of β-Amyloid (Aβ) aggregates into small, less-amyloidic fragments by photoexcited [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ through destabilization of β-sheet secondary structure. We validated the light-triggered dissociation of amyloid structure using multiple analytical tools. Furthermore, we confirmed that photoexcited [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ reduces cytotoxicity of Aβ aggregates. Our work should open a new horizon in the study of

  13. Liquid-liquid extraction and separation of VIII group elements, especially ruthenium, by synergic combinations or aromatic polyimines and micellar cationic exchangers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vitart, X.

    1991-01-01

    This thesis aims to characterize and to quantify the chemical equilibria involved in d-elements liquid-liquid extraction systems, especially elements belonging to the VIII group (Fe, Ni, Co, Ru, Rh, Pd, Pt). These systems are composed of synergic combination of aromatic polyimines and micellar cationic exchangers. Substitutions are first performed in aqueous acidic media by aromatic polyimines; then extractions are operated using micellic canionic exchangers. Chemical equilibria, selectivity effects, especially those due to ion-pair formations, kinetics, extractant behaviour are analysed and quantified [fr

  14. Bis-mixed-carbene ruthenium-thiolate-alkylidene complexes: synthesis and olefin metathesis activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahcheh, Fatme; Stephan, Douglas W

    2015-01-28

    A series of bis-carbene Ru-hydride species, including (IMes)(Im(OMe)2)(PPh3)RuHCl (1) and (SIMes)(Me2Im(OMe)2)(PPh3)RuHCl (2) were prepared and subsequently shown to react with aryl-vinyl-sulfides to give the bis-carbene-alkylidene complexes: Im(OMe)2(SIMes)RuCl(SR)(=CHCH3) (R = p-FC6H4 (3), p-(NO2)C6H4 (4)), Im(OMe)2(IMes)RuCl(=CHCH3)(SPh) (5), Me2Im(OMe)2(SIMes)RuCl(=CHCH3)(SPh) (6), Im(OMe)2(SIMes)(F5C6S)RuCl(=CHR) (R = C4H9 (9), C5H11 (10)). The activity of these species in the standard Grubbs' tests for ring-opening metathesis polymerization, ring-closing and cross-metathesis are reported. Although these thiolate derivatives are shown to exhibit modest metathesis activities, the reactivity is enhanced in the presence of BCl3.

  15. Humidity-controlled rectification switching in ruthenium-complex molecular junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atesci, Huseyin; Kaliginedi, Veerabhadrarao; Celis Gil, Jose A.; Ozawa, Hiroaki; Thijssen, Joseph M.; Broekmann, Peter; Haga, Masa-aki; van der Molen, Sense Jan

    2018-02-01

    Although molecular rectifiers were proposed over four decades ago1,2, until recently reported rectification ratios (RR) were rather moderate2-11 (RR 101). This ceiling was convincingly broken using a eutectic GaIn top contact12 to probe molecular monolayers of coupled ferrocene groups (RR 105), as well as using scanning tunnelling microscopy-break junctions13-16 and mechanically controlled break junctions17 to probe single molecules (RR 102-103). Here, we demonstrate a device based on a molecular monolayer in which the RR can be switched by more than three orders of magnitude (between RR 100 and RR ≥ 103) in response to humidity. As the relative humidity is toggled between 5% and 60%, the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of a monolayer of di-nuclear Ru-complex molecules reversibly change from symmetric to strongly asymmetric (diode-like). Key to this behaviour is the presence of two localized molecular orbitals in series, which are nearly degenerate in dry circumstances but become misaligned under high humidity conditions, due to the displacement of counter ions (PF6-). This asymmetric gating of the two relevant localized molecular orbital levels results in humidity-controlled diode-like behaviour.

  16. Design and Use of Photoactive Ruthenium Complexes to Study Electron Transfer within Cytochrome bc1 and from Cytochrome bc1 to Cytochrome c

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millett, Francis; Havens, Jeffrey; Rajagukguk, Sany; Durham, Bill

    2012-01-01

    The cytochrome bc1 complex (ubiquinone:cytochrome c oxidoreductase) is the central integral membrane protein in the mitochondrial respiratory chain as well as the electron-transfer chains of many respiratory and photosynthetic prokaryotes. Based on X-ray crystallographic studies of cytochrome bc1, a mechanism has been proposed in which the extrinsic domain of the iron-sulfur protein first binds to cytochrome b where it accepts an electron from ubiquinol in the Qo site, and then rotates by 57o to a position close to cytochrome c1 where it transfers an electron to cytochrome c1. This review describes the development of a ruthenium photooxidation technique to measure key electron transfer steps in cytochrome bc1, including rapid electron transfer from the iron-sulfur protein to cytochrome c1. It was discovered that this reaction is rate-limited by the rotational dynamics of the iron-sulfur protein rather than true electron transfer. A conformational linkage between the occupant of the Qo ubiquinol binding site and the rotational dynamics of the iron-sulfur protein was discovered which could play a role in the bifurcated oxidation of ubiquinol. A ruthenium photoexcitation method is also described for the measurement of electron transfer from cytochrome c1 to cytochrome c. This article is part of a special issue entitled: Respiratory Complex III. PMID:22985600

  17. Quantum chemical interpretation of redox properties of ruthenium complexes with vinyl and TCNX type non-innocent ligands

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Záliš, Stanislav; Winter, R. F.; Kaim, W.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 254, 13-14 (2010), s. 1383-1396 ISSN 0010-8545 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC 139; GA MŠk 1P05OC068; GA AV ČR KAN100400702; GA MŠk OC09043 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : density functional thoery * non-innocent ligands * ruthenium Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 10.018, year: 2010

  18. Assignment of Pre-Edge Features in the Ru K-Edge X-Ray Absorption Spectra of Organometallic Ruthenium Complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Getty, K.; Delgado-Jaime, M.U.; Kennepohl, P.

    2009-05-18

    The nature of the lowest energy bound-state transition in the Ru K-edge X-ray absorption spectra for a series of Grubbs-type ruthenium complexes was investigated. The pre-edge feature was unambiguously assigned as resulting from formally electric dipole forbidden Ru 4d {l_arrow} 1s transitions. The intensities of these transitions are extremely sensitive to the ligand environment and the symmetry of the metal centre. In centrosymmetric complexes the pre-edge is very weak since it is limited by the weak electric quadrupole intensity mechanism. By contrast, upon breaking centrosymmetry, Ru 5p-4d mixing allows for introduction of electric dipole allowed character resulting in a dramatic increase in the pre-edge intensity. The information content of this approach is explored as it relates to complexes of importance in olefin metathesis and its relevance as a tool for the study of reactive intermediates.

  19. New uses for old complexes: The very first report on the trypanocidal activity of symmetric trinuclear ruthenium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Possato, Bruna; Carneiro, Zumira Aparecida; de Albuquerque, Sérgio; Nikolaou, Sofia

    2017-11-01

    This work reports on the trypanocidal activity of a series of symmetric triruthenium complexes combined with azanaphthalene ligands of general formula [Ru 3 O(CH 3 COO) 6 (L) 3 ]PF 6 (L=(1) quinazoline (qui), (2) 5-nitroisoquinoline (5-nitroiq), (3) 5-bromoisoquinoline (5-briq), (4) isoquinoline (iq), (5) 5-aminoisoquinoline (5-amiq), and (6) 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline (thiq)). All complexes within the series presented in vitro trypanocidal activity against both the trypomastigote and amastigote forms of T. cruzi. The IC 50 values obtained for complexes 1-6 ranged from 1.39 to 165.9μM for the trypomastigote form and from 1.06 to 53.16μM for the amastigote form. These values were lower than the values observed for the metallic core [Ru 3 O(CH 3 COO) 6 (CH 3 OH) 3 ] + itself and for the free ligands in all cases. Remarkably, complex 6 displayed lower IC 50 values than the reference drug (benznidazole) for the acute (trypomastigote form) and chronic (amastigote form) phases of Chagas disease. These findings, combined with the low toxicity against healthy cells (LLK-MK 2 strain) and a high SI value (Selectivity Index >10) make complex 6 an excellent candidate for in vivo tests. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Zeaxanthin Radical Cation Formation in Minor Light-Harvesting Complexes of Higher Plant Antenna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avenson, Thomas H.; Ahn, Tae Kyu; Zigmantas, Donatas; Niyogi, Krishna K.; Li, Zhirong; Ballottari, Matteo; Bassi, Roberto; Fleming, Graham R.

    2008-01-31

    Previous work on intact thylakoid membranes showed that transient formation of a zeaxanthin radical cation was correlated with regulation of photosynthetic light-harvesting via energy-dependent quenching. A molecular mechanism for such quenching was proposed to involve charge transfer within a chlorophyll-zeaxanthin heterodimer. Using near infrared (880-1100 nm) transient absorption spectroscopy, we demonstrate that carotenoid (mainly zeaxanthin) radical cation generation occurs solely in isolated minor light-harvesting complexes that bind zeaxanthin, consistent with the engagement of charge transfer quenching therein. We estimated that less than 0.5percent of the isolated minor complexes undergo charge transfer quenching in vitro, whereas the fraction of minor complexes estimated to be engaged in charge transfer quenching in isolated thylakoids was more than 80 times higher. We conclude that minor complexes which bind zeaxanthin are sites of charge transfer quenching in vivo and that they can assume Non-quenching and Quenching conformations, the equilibrium LHC(N)<--> LHC(Q) of which is modulated by the transthylakoid pH gradient, the PsbS protein, and protein-protein interactions.

  1. Comparing Gene Silencing and Physiochemical Properties in siRNA Bound Cationic Star-Polymer Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dearnley, Megan; Reynolds, Nicholas P; Cass, Peter; Wei, Xiaohu; Shi, Shuning; Mohammed, A Aalam; Le, Tam; Gunatillake, Pathiraja; Tizard, Mark L; Thang, San H; Hinton, Tracey M

    2016-11-14

    The translation of siRNA into clinical therapies has been significantly delayed by issues surrounding the delivery of naked siRNA to target cells. Here we investigate siRNA delivery by cationic acrylic polymers developed by Reversible Addition-Fragmentation chain Transfer (RAFT) mediated free radical polymerization. We investigated cell uptake and gene silencing of a series of siRNA-star polymer complexes both in the presence and absence of a protein "corona". Using a multidisciplinary approach including quantitative nanoscale mechanical-atomic force microscopy, dynamic light scattering and nanoparticle tracking analysis we have characterized the nanoscale morphology, stiffness, and surface charge of the complexes with and without the protein corona. This is one of the first examples of a comprehensive physiochemical analysis of siRNA-polymer complexes being performed alongside in vitro biological assays, allowing us to describe a set of desirable physical features of cationic polymer complexes that promote gene silencing. Multifaceted studies such as this will improve our understanding of structure-function relationships in nanotherapeutics, facilitating the rational design of polymer-mediated siRNA delivery systems for novel treatment strategies.

  2. Re-dissolution and de-compaction of DNA-cationic surfactant complexes using non-ionic surfactants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbyn, Conrad P; Fletcher, Paul D I; Gemici, Rabia; Dias, Rita S; Miguel, Maria G

    2009-12-28

    Addition of a cationic surfactant to a solution of DNA causes the formation of compacted DNA-cationic surfactant complexes which precipitate from aqueous solution. It has been shown previously that addition of anionic surfactant will re-dissolve and de-compact the DNA-cationic surfactant complexes and we find that addition of non-ionic surfactants of the alkylpolyoxyethylene type can be used similarly. In principle, these de-compaction and re-dissolution processes could occur either by stripping of the cationic surfactant from the DNA into mixed micelles with the non-ionic surfactant or by solubilisation of the DNA-cationic surfactant complexes within the non-ionic micelles. Solubility phase-boundary measurements, fluorescence microscopy observations of the de-compaction process and light scattering results indicate that de-compaction and re-dissolution occur by the stripping mechanism, even for non-ionic surfactants where the favourable attractive electrostatic interaction between the two surfactants is absent. Using measurements of critical micelle concentrations and calculations based on regular solution mixed micelle theory, we show that re-dissolution and de-compaction of the DNA-cationic surfactant complexes occurs when the concentration of free monomeric cationic surfactant is reduced (by incorporation into mixed micelles) below a critical value.

  3. Amberlite IR-120 (H) mediated "on water" synthesis of fluorescent Ruthenium(II)-arene 8-hydroxyquinoline complexes for cancer therapy and live cell imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondal, Ashaparna; De, Sourav; Maiti, Santanu; Sarkar, Bidisha; Sk, Ashok Kumar; Jacob, Rini; Moorthy, Anbalagan; Paira, Priyankar

    2018-01-01

    A series of Ruthenium-Quinolinol complexes (3a-d &4a-d) has been synthesized by employing a simple, efficient and environmental friendly condition. Catalytic role of Amberlite IRA-120(H) has been demonstrated. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by the analysis of spectroscopic data. The stability of these complexes was measured by UV spectroscopy & time dependent NMR spectroscopy. These newly developed complexes were represented as potential anticancer agent against human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7), human Epitheloid Cervix Carcinoma (HeLa), human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line (A549) and human colon cancer cell line (Caco-2). Most of the ruthenium complexes showed higher anticancer activity in MCF-7, HeLa and Caco-2 cell lines than cisplatin. A high selectivity (9-28 folds) was observed with these newly developed organoruthenium compounds in human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, HeLa and Caco-2) with respect to normal fibroblast cell line (MRC-5). Complex [(η6-hexamethylbenzene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5-chloro-HyQ)]·Cl (4b), [(η6-hexamethylbenzene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5,7-dibromo-HyQ)]·Cl (4c) and [(η6-hexamethylbenzene)RuCl(κ2-O,N-5-chloro-7-iodo-HyQ)]·Cl (4d) exhibited best cytotoxicity profiles in three reported human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, HeLa, Caco-2). Cellular imaging study was also performed with these newly developed organoruthenium compounds. Compound 4c might be utilized for cancer theranostic agents because of its significant quantum yield in water, high potency, selectivity and high cellular uptake in cancer cell lines. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  4. In vitro evaluation of the cyto-genotoxic potential of Ruthenium(II) SCAR complexes: a promising class of antituberculosis agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Grandis, Rone Aparecido; Resende, Flávia Aparecida; da Silva, Monize Martins; Pavan, Fernando Rogério; Batista, Alzir Azevedo; Varanda, Eliana Aparecida

    2016-03-01

    Tuberculosis is a top infectious disease killer worldwide, caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Increasing incidences of multiple drug-resistance (MDR) strains are emerging as one of the major public health threats. However, the drugs in use are still incapable of controlling the appalling upsurge of MDR. In recent years a marked number of research groups have devoted their attention toward the development of specific and cost-effective antimicrobial agents against targeted MDR-Tuberculosis. In previous studies, ruthenium(II) complexes (SCAR) have shown a promising activity against MDR-Tuberculosis although few studies have indeed considered ruthenium toxicity. Therefore, within the preclinical requirements, we have sought to determine the cyto-genotoxicity of three SCAR complexes in this present study. The treatment with the SCARs induced a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability in CHO-K1 and HepG2 cells. Based on the clonogenic survival, SCAR 5 was found to be more cytotoxic while SCAR 6 exhibited selectivity action on tumor cells. Although SCAR 4 and 5 did not indicate any mutagenic activity as evidenced by the Ames and Cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome assays, the complex SCAR 6 was found to engender a frameshift mutation detected by Salmonella typhimurium in the presence of S9. Similarly, we observed a chromosomal damage in HepG2 cells with significant increases of micronuclei and nucleoplasmic bridges. These data indicate that SCAR 4 and 5 complexes did not show genotoxicity in our models while SCAR 6 was considered mutagenic. This study presented a comprehensive genotoxic evaluation of SCAR complexes were shown to be genotoxic in vitro. All in all, further studies are required to fully elucidate how the properties can affect human health. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Aza-macrocyclic complexes of the Group 1 cations - synthesis, structures and density functional theory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, John; Levason, William; Light, Mark E; Pugh, David; Reid, Gillian; Bhakhoa, Hanusha; Ramasami, Ponnadurai; Rhyman, Lydia

    2015-08-21

    The Group 1 complexes, [M(Me6[18]aneN6)][BAr(F)] (M = Li-Cs; Me6[18]aneN6 = 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexamethyl-1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaazacyclooctadecane; BAr(F) = tetrakis{3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl}borate), are obtained in high yield by reaction of the macrocycle with M[BAr(F)] in anhydrous CH2Cl2 solution, and characterised spectroscopically ((1)H, (13)C{(1)H}, (7)Li, (23)Na, and (133)Cs NMR), by microanalysis and, for M = Li, K, and Rb, by single crystal X-ray analysis. The structures show N6-coordination to the metal ion; the small ionic radius for Li(+) leads to a puckered conformation. In contrast, the K(+) ion fits well into the N6 plane, with the [BAr(F)](-) anions above and below, leading to two K(+) species in the asymmetric unit (a hexagonal planar [K(Me6[18]aneN6)](+) cation and a '[K(Me6[18]aneN6)(κ(1)-BAr(F))2](-) anion', with long axial KF interactions). The Rb(+) ion sits above the N6 plane, with two long axial RbF interactions in one cation and two long, mutually cis RbF interactions in the other. The unusual sandwich cations, [M(Me3tacn)2](+) (M = Na, K; distorted octahedral, N6 donor set) and half-sandwich cations [Li(Me3tacn)(thf)](+) (distorted tetrahedron, N3O donor set), [Li(Me4cyclen)(OH2)](+), and [Na(Me4cyclen)(thf)](+) (both distorted square pyramids with N4O donor sets) were also prepared (Me3tacn = 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane, Me4cyclen = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations, using the BP86 and B3LYP functionals, show that the accessibility of the [M(Me3tacn)2](+) sandwich cations depends strongly on the M(+) ionic radius, such that it is sufficiently large to avoid steric clashing between the Me groups of the two rings, and small enough to avoid very acute N-M-N chelate angles. The calculations also show that coordination to the Group 1 cation involves significant donation of electron density from the p-orbitals on the N atoms of the macrocycle, rather than purely

  6. Selective Hydrogen Generation from Formic Acid with Well-Defined Complexes of Ruthenium and Phosphorus-Nitrogen PN3-Pincer Ligand

    KAUST Repository

    Pan, Yupeng

    2016-04-22

    An unsymmetrically protonated PN3-pincer complex in which ruthenium is coordinated by one nitrogen and two phosphorus atoms was employed for the selective generation of hydrogen from formic acid. Mechanistic studies suggest that the imine arm participates in the formic acid activation/deprotonation step. A long life time of 150 h with a turnover number over 1 million was achieved. Grabbing hold: A PN3-pincer complex was employed for the selective hydrogen generation from formic acid. Mechanistic studies suggest the imine arm participates in the formic acid activation/deprotonation step. A long life time of 150 h with a turnover number over 1 million was achieved. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. A 2-(2’-pyridylquinoline ruthenium(II complex as an active catalyst for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zacharopoulos Nikolaos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The ruthenium(II complex cis-[RuCl2(PPh32(L1] (1 where L1 = 2-(2’-pyridylquinoline was obtained in high yield from the reaction of [RuCl2(PPh33] with L1. The new compound was characterized by different spectroscopic methods including FT-IR, UV-Vis, NMR (1H, 31P spectroscopy along with a mass spectrometric analysis (ESI-MS and conductivity measurements. 31P NMR spectroscopy provided evidence that the two PPh3 ligands are orientated trans to each other in an octahedral environment. Complex (1 was tested in the transfer hydrogenation of various ketones in 2-propanol at 82 oC. The catalytic activity of (1 displayed quantitative conversions for benzophenone and 4-chloroacetophenone.

  8. Ruthenium-complex catalyzed N-(cyclo)alkylation of aromatic amines with diols. Selective synthesis of N-(n-hydroixyalkyl)anilines of type PhNH(CH2)nOH and of some bioactive arylpiperazines,

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koten, G. van; Abbenhuis, R.A.T.M.; Boersma, J.

    1998-01-01

    A new class of well-defined neutral mono-, and dicationic ruthenium(II) complexes containing a neutral terdentate donor system [C5H3N(CH2E)(2)-2,6] (E = PPh2 (PNP) or NMe2 (NN'N)) has been found effective as catalyst precursor in N-(cyclo)alkylation reactions of aromatic amines with diols

  9. Evaluation of DNA binding, DNA cleavage, protein binding, radical scavenging and in vitro cytotoxic activities of ruthenium(II) complexes containing 2,4-dihydroxy benzylidene ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanraj, Maruthachalam; Ayyannan, Ganesan; Raja, Gunasekaran; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2016-12-01

    The new ruthenium(II) complexes with hydrazone ligands, 4-Methyl-benzoic acid (2,4-dihydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazide (HL(1)), 4-Methoxy-benzoic acid (2,4-dihydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazide (HL(2)), 4-Bromo-benzoic acid (2,4-dihydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazide (HL(3)), were synthesized and characterized by various spectro analytical techniques. The molecular structures of the ligands were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The DNA binding studies of the ligands and complexes were examined by absorption, fluorescence, viscosity and cyclic voltammetry methods. The results indicated that the ligands and complexes could interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through intercalation. The DNA cleavage activity of the complexes was evaluated by gel electrophoresis assay, which revealed that the complexes are good DNA cleaving agents. The binding interaction of the ligands and complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated using fluorescence spectroscopic method. Antioxidant studies showed that the complexes have a strong radical scavenging properties. Further, the cytotoxic effect of the complexes examined on cancerous cell lines showed that the complexes exhibit significant anticancer activity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. 9,10-phenanthrenesemiquinone radical complexes of ruthenium(III), osmium(III) and rhodium(III) and redox series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Manas Kumar; Patra, Sarat Chandra; Maity, Amarendra Nath; Ke, Shyue-Chu; Weyhermüller, Thomas; Ghosh, Prasanta

    2013-05-14

    Reactions of 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) in toluene with [M(II)(PPh3)3X2] at 298 K afford green complexes, trans-[M(PQ)(PPh3)2X2] (M = Ru, X = Cl, 1; M = Os, X = Br, 2) in moderate yields. Reaction of anhydrous RhCl3 with PQ and PPh3 in boiling ethanol affords the dark brown paramagnetic complex, cis-[Rh(PQ)(PPh3)2Cl2] (3) in good yields. Diffusion of iodine solution in n-hexane to the trans-[Os(PQ) (PPh3)2(CO)(Br)] solution in CH2Cl2 generates the crystals of trans-[Os(PQ)(PPh3)2(CO)(Br)](+)I3(-), (4(+))I3(-)), in lower yields. Single crystal X-ray structure determinations of 1·2toluene, 2·CH2Cl2 and 4(+)I3(-), UV-vis/NIR absorption spectra, EPR spectra of 3, electrochemical activities and DFT calculations on 1, 2, trans-[Ru(PQ)(PMe3)2Cl2] (1Me), trans-[Os(PQ)(PMe3)2Br2] (2Me), cis-[Rh(PQ)(PMe3)2Cl2] (3Me) and their oxidized and reduced analogues including trans-[Os(PQ)(PMe3)2(CO)(Br)](+) (4Me(+)) substantiated that 1-3 are the 9,10-phenanthrenesemiquinone radical (PQ(˙-)) complexes of ruthenium(III), osmium(III) and rhodium(III) and are defined as trans/cis-[M(III)(PQ(˙-))(PPh3)2X2] with a minor contribution of the resonance form trans/cis-[M(II)(PQ)(PPh3)2X2]. Two comparatively longer C-O (1.286(4) Å) and the shorter C-C lengths (1.415(7) Å) of the OO-chelate of 1·2toluene and 2·CH2Cl2 and the isotropic fluid solution EPR signal at g = 1.999 of 3 are consistent with the existence of the reduced PQ(˙-) ligand in 1-3 complexes. Anisotropic EPR spectra of the frozen glasses (g11 = g22 = 2.0046 and g33 = 1.9874) and solids (g11 = g22 = 2.005 and g33 = 1.987) instigate the contribution of the resonance form, cis-[Rh(II)(PQ)(PPh3)2Cl2] in 3. DFT calculations established that the closed shell singlet (CSS) solutions of 1Me and 2Me are unstable due to open shell singlet (OSS) perturbation. However, the broken symmetry (BS) (1,1) Ms = 0 solutions of 1Me and 2Me are respectively 22.6 and 24.2 kJ mole(-1) lower in energy and reproduced the experimental bond

  11. Cationic Amphiphilic Tris-Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Complexes Induce Cancer Cell Death via Interaction with Ca2+-Calmodulin Complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisamatsu, Yosuke; Suzuki, Nozomi; Masum, Abdullah-Al; Shibuya, Ai; Abe, Ryo; Sato, Akira; Tanuma, Sei-Ichi; Aoki, Shin

    2017-02-15

    In our previous paper, we reported on the preparation of some cationic amphiphilic Ir complexes (2c, 2d) containing KKGG peptides that induce and detect cell death of Jurkat cells. Mechanistic studies suggest that 2c interacts with anionic molecules and/or membrane receptors on the cell surface to trigger an intracellular Ca 2+ response, resulting in the induction of cell death, accompanied by membrane disruption. We have continued the studies of cell death of Jurkat cells induced by 2c and found that xestospongin C, a selective inhibitor of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor located on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), reduces the cytotoxicity of 2c, suggesting that 2c triggers the release of Ca 2+ from the ER, leading to an increase in the concentration of cytosolic Ca 2+ , thus inducing cell death. Moreover, we synthesized a series of new amphiphilic cationic Ir complexes 5a-c containing photoreactive 3-trifluoromethyl-3-phenyldiazirine (TFPD) groups, in an attempt to identify the target molecules of 2c. Interestingly, it was discovered that a TFPD group functions as a triplet quencher of Ir complexes. It was also found that 5b is useful as a turn-on phosphorescent probe of acidic proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) (pI = 4.7) and their complexation was confirmed by luminescence titrations and SDS-PAGE of photochemical products between them. These successful results allowed us to carry out photoaffinity labeling of the target biomolecules of 5b (2c and analogues thereof) in Jurkat cells. A proteomic analysis of the products obtained by the photoirradiation of 5b with Jurkat cells suggests that the Ca 2+ -binding protein "calmodulin (CaM)" is one of target proteins of the Ir complexes. Indeed, 5b was found to interact with the Ca 2+ -CaM complex, as evidenced by luminescence titrations and the results of photochemical reactions of 5b with CaM in the presence of Ca 2+ (SDS-PAGE). A plausible mechanism for cell death induced by a cationic amphiphilic Ir

  12. Binding of mismatch repair protein MutS to mispaired DNA adducts of intercalating ruthenium(II) arene complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Castellano-Castillo, M.; Kostrhunová, Hana; Marini, Victoria; Kašpárková, Jana; Sadler, P.J.; Malinge, J.-M.; Brabec, Viktor

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 13, - (2008), s. 993-999 ISSN 0949-8257 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) KAN200200651; GA AV ČR(CZ) 1QS500040581; GA MŠk(CZ) LC06030 Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) ME08017 Program:ME Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : DNA * ruthenium * mismatch repair Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 3.600, year: 2008

  13. Dual triggering of DNA binding and fluorescence via photoactivation of a dinuclear ruthenium(II) arene complex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Magennis, S.W.; Habtemariam, A.; Nováková, Olga; Henry, J.B.; Meier, S.; Parsons, S.; Oswald, D.H.; Brabec, Viktor; Sadler, P.J.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 12 (2007), s. 5059-5068 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA203/06/1239; GA ČR(CZ) GA305/05/2030; GA AV ČR(CZ) 1QS500040581; GA AV ČR(CZ) KAN200200651 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50040507; CEZ:AV0Z50040702 Keywords : DNA * ruthenium * fluorescence Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 4.123, year: 2007

  14. Efficient Removal of Ruthenium Byproducts from Olefin Metathesis Products by Simple Aqueous Extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Soon Hyeok; Grubbs, Robert H.

    2008-01-01

    Simple aqueous extraction removed ruthenium byproducts efficiently from ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reactions catalyzed by a PEG-supported N-heterocyclic carbene-based ruthenium complex. PMID:17428062

  15. Triplet–triplet annihilation upconversion followed by FRET for the red light activation of a photodissociative ruthenium complex in liposomes† †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5cp04352b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askes, Sven H. C.; Kloz, Miroslav; Bruylants, Gilles; Kennis, John T. M.

    2015-01-01

    Upconversion is a promising way to trigger high-energy photochemistry with low-energy photons. However, combining upconversion schemes with non-radiative energy transfer is challenging because bringing several photochemically active components in close proximity results in complex multi-component systems where quenching processes may deactivate the whole assembly. In this work, PEGylated liposomes were prepared that contained three photoactive components: a porphyrin dye absorbing red light, a perylene moiety emitting in the blue, and a light-activatable ruthenium prodrug sensitive to blue light. Time-dependent spectroscopic studies demonstrate that singlet perylene excited states are non-radiatively transferred to the nearby ruthenium complex by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). Under red-light irradiation of the three-component membranes, triplet–triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC) occurs followed by FRET, which results in a more efficient activation of the ruthenium prodrug compared to a physical mixture of two-component upconverting liposomes and liposomes containing only the ruthenium complex. This work represents a rare example where TTA-UC and Förster resonance energy transfer are combined to achieve prodrug activation in the phototherapeutic window. PMID:26420663

  16. Cationic complexes of iridium: diiodobenzene chelation, electrophilic behavior with olefins, and fluxionality of an Ir(I) ethylene complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albietz, Paul J; Cleary, Brian P; Paw, Witold; Eisenberg, Richard

    2002-04-22

    The synthesis of a series of dicationic Ir(III) complexes is described. Reaction of Ir(CO)(dppe)I (dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane)) with RI (R = CH(3) and CF(3)) results in formation of the Ir(III) precursors IrR(CO)(dppe)(I)(2) (R = CH(3) (1a) and CF(3) (1b)). Subsequent treatment with AgOTf (OTf = triflate) generates the bis(triflate) analogues IrR(CO)(dppe)(OTf)(2) (R = CH(3) (2a) and CF(3) (2b)), which undergo clean metathesis with NaBARF (BARF = B(3,5-(CF(3))(2)C(6)H(3))(4)(-)) in the presence of 1,2-diiodobenzene (DIB) forming the dicationic halocarbon adducts [IrR(CO)(dppe)(DIB)][BARF](2) (R = CH(3) (3a) and CF(3) (3b)). Complexes 3a and 3b demonstrate facile exchange chemistry with acetonitrile and carbon monoxide forming complexes 4 and 5, respectively. NMR investigation of the mechanism reveals that the process proceeds through an eta(1)-diiodobenzene adduct, where labilization at the coordination site trans to the alkyl group occurs first. Complex 3a reacts with ethylene forming the cationic iridium(I) product [Ir(C(2)H(4))(2)(CO)(dppe)][BARF] (6), which demonstrates fluxional behavior. Variable-temperature NMR studies indicate that the five-coordinate complex 6 undergoes three dynamic processes corresponding to ethylene rotation, Berry pseudorotation, and intermolecular ethylene exchange in order of increasing temperature based on NMR line shape analyses used to determine the thermodynamic parameters for the processes. The DIB adducts 3a and 3b were also found to promote olefin isomerization of 1-pentene, and polymerization/oligomerization of styrene, alpha-methylstyrene, norbornene, beta-pinene, and isobutylene via cationic initiation.

  17. Ruthenium (4) and ruthenium (3) state in hydrochloric acid solutions under microwave irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bashilov, A.V.; Kuz'min, N.M.; Nesterov, A.A.; Runov, V.K.

    2000-01-01

    Reactions of hydration, poly- and depolymerization, oxidation-reduction processes with ruthenium (4) and ruthenium (3) participation are investigated in hydrochloric acid solutions under microwave irradiation by the methods of molecular absorption spectroscopy in UV visible region taking K 4 [Ru 2 OCl 10 ] as an example. Content of state forms of ruthenium (4) and ruthenium (3), absorption characteristics of forming complexes are calculated. Variation of microwave irradiation parameters and HCl concentration permits to prepare solutions containing [RuCl 6 ] 2+ (95 %) and [(RuOH) 2 (H 2 O) 6 (OH) 2 ] 4+ (98 %) preeminently predominant forms. The role of microwave effect directly is established taking as an example the process of ruthenium (4) hydration [ru

  18. On extraction of ruthenium chelate compounds from diluted aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brukhertzajfer, Kh.; Kokh, Kh.

    1975-01-01

    Ruthenium(84) extraction from diluted aqueous solutions has been investigated with the use of the di-n-buthyl phosphoric and di-2-ethyl-hexyl phosphoric acids, acetyl acetone and tenoyl-tri-fluoroacetone taken as extraction agents and benzene, toluene and chloroform as solvents. The data on kinetics of the ruthenium(4) complexes formation are given. The results of the experiments point out the possibility of the quantitative ruthenium complexes separation. Ruthenium compound extractivity can be influenced by means of selecting the solvent, the type and concentration of the extraction agents

  19. Morphological characterization of Langmuir-Blodgett films from polyaniline and a ruthenium complex (Rupy): influence of the relative concentration of Rupy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souza, Nara C de; Ferreira, Marystela; Wohnrath, Karen; Silva, Josmary R; Oliveira Osvaldo, N Jr; Giacometti, Jose A

    2007-01-01

    We report on the use of dynamic scale theory and fractal analyses in a study of the growth stages of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of polyaniline and a neutral biphosphinic ruthenium complex, namely mer-[RuCl 3 (dppb)(py)] (dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphine)buthane, py = pyridine), Rupy. The LB films were deposited onto indium-tin-oxide substrates and characterized with atomic force microscopy. From the granular morphology exhibited by the films one could infer growth processes inside and outside the grains. Growth outside was found to follow the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang model, with fractal dimensions of about 2.7. As one would expect, inside the grains the morphology is close to a Euclidian surface with fractal dimension of about 2

  20. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence biosensing for the detection of prostate PC-3 cancer cells incorporating antibody as capture probe and ruthenium complex-labelled wheat germ agglutinin as signal probe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Haiying [Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062 (China); Department of Chemistry, Yuncheng University, Yuncheng 044300 (China); Li, Zhejian; Shan, Meng; Li, Congcong; Qi, Honglan; Gao, Qiang [Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062 (China); Wang, Jinyi [College of Science and College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A& F University, Yangling 712100 (China); Zhang, Chengxiao, E-mail: cxzhang@snnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062 (China)

    2015-03-10

    Highlights: • A novel biosensor was developed for the detection of prostate cancer cells. • The selectivity of the biosensor was improved using antibody as capture probe. • The biosensor showed the low extremely detection limit of 2.6 × 10{sup 2} cells mL{sup −1}. • The ruthenium complex-labelled WGA can be transported in the cell vesicles. - Abstract: A highly selective and sensitive electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor for the detection of prostate PC-3 cancer cells was designed using a prostate specific antibody as a capture probe and ruthenium complex-labelled wheat germ agglutinin as a signal probe. The ECL biosensor was fabricated by covalently immobilising the capture probe on a graphene oxide-coated glassy carbon electrode. Target PC-3 cells were selectively captured on the surface of the biosensor, and then, the signal probe was bound with the captured PC-3 cells to form a sandwich. In the presence of tripropylamine, the ECL intensity of the sandwich biosensor was logarithmically directly proportion to the concentration of PC-3 cells over a range from 7.0 × 10{sup 2} to 3.0 × 10{sup 4} cells mL{sup −1}, with a detection limit of 2.6 × 10{sup 2} cells mL{sup −1}. The ECL biosensor was also applied to detect prostate specific antigen with a detection limit of 0.1 ng mL{sup −1}. The high selectivity of the biosensor was demonstrated in comparison with that of a lectin-based biosensor. The strategy developed in this study may be a promising approach and could be extended to the design of ECL biosensors for highly sensitive and selective detection of other cancer-related cells or cancer biomarkers using different probes.

  1. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes with 1,8-naphthalimide group as DNA binder, photonuclease, and dual inhibitors of topoisomerases I and IIα.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yanmei; Li, Jia; Zhao, Hong; Tan, Lifeng

    2016-10-01

    Two ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes containing 1,8-naphthalimide group as DNA binders, photonucleases, and inhibitors of topoisomerases I and IIα are evaluated. The binding properties of [Ru(phen) 2 (pnip)] 2+ {1; phen=1,10-phenanthroline; pnip=12-[N-(p-phenyl)-1,8-napthalimide]- imidazo[4',5'-f] [1,10]phenanthroline} and [Ru(bpy) 2 (pnip)] 2+ (2; bpy=2,2'-bipyridine) with calf thymus DNA increases with increasing the bulkiness and hydrophobic character of ancillary ligands, although the two complexes possess high affinities for DNA via intercalation. Moreover, photoirradiation (λ=365nm) of the two complexes are found to induce strand cleavage of closed circular pBR322 plasmid DNA via singlet oxygen mechanism, while complex 1 displays more effective photocleavage activity than complex 2 under the same conditions. Topoisomerase inhibition and DNA strand passage assay reflect that complexes 1 and 2 are efficient dual poisons of topoisomerases I and IIα. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. The induction of apoptosis in HepG-2 cells by ruthenium(II) complexes through an intrinsic ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Chuan-Chuan; Lai, Shang-Hai; Yao, Jun-Hua; Zhang, Cheng; Yin, Hui; Li, Wei; Han, Bing-Jie; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2016-10-21

    Four new ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(N-N)2(dhbn)](ClO4)2 (N-N = dmb: 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine 1; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine 2; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline 3; dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline 4) were synthesized and characterized. The cytotoxicity in vitro of the ligand and complexes toward HepG-2, HeLa, MG-63 and A549 were assayed by MTT method. The IC50 values of the complexes against the above cells range from 17.7 ± 1.1 to 45.1 ± 2.8 μM. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes against HepG-2 cells follows the order of 4 > 2 > 3 > 1. Ligand shows no cytotoxic activity against the selected cell lines. Cellular uptake, apoptosis, comet assay, reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial membrane potential, cell cycle arrest, and the expression of proteins involved in apoptosis pathway induced by the complexes were investigated. The results indicate that complexes 1-4 induce apoptosis in HepG-2 cells through an intrinsic ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Cationic versus anionic surfactant in tuning the structure and interaction of nanoparticle, protein, and surfactant complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehan, Sumit; Aswal, Vinod K; Kohlbrecher, Joachim

    2014-08-26

    The structure and interaction in complexes of anionic Ludox HS40 silica nanoparticle, anionic bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein, and cationic dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) surfactant have been studied using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The results are compared with similar complexes having anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactant (Mehan, S; Chinchalikar, A. J.; Kumar, S.; Aswal, V. K.; Schweins, R. Langmuir 2013, 29, 11290). In both cases (DTAB and SDS), the structure in nanoparticle-protein-surfactant complexes is predominantly determined by the interactions of the individual two-component systems. The nanoparticle-surfactant (mediated through protein-surfactant complex) and protein-surfactant interactions for DTAB, but nanoparticle-protein (mediated through protein-surfactant complex) and protein-surfactant interactions for SDS, are found to be responsible for the resultant structure of nanoparticle-protein-surfactant complexes. Irrespective of the charge on the surfactant, the cooperative binding of surfactant with protein leads to micellelike clusters of surfactant formed along the unfolded protein chain. The adsorption of these protein-surfactant complexes for DTAB on oppositely charged nanoparticles gives rise to the protein-surfactant complex-mediated aggregation of nanoparticles (similar to that of DTAB surfactant). It is unlike that of depletion-induced aggregation of nanoparticles with nonadsorption of protein-surfactant complexes for SDS in similarly charged nanoparticle systems (similar to that of protein alone). The modifications in nanoparticle aggregation as well as unfolding of protein in these systems as compared to the corresponding two-component systems have also been examined by selectively contrast matching the constituents.

  4. Cation-mediated conversion of the state of charge in uranium arene inverted-sandwich complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camp, Clement; Mougel, Victor; Pecaut, Jacques; Mazzanti, Marinella [Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, SCIB, UMR-E3 CEA-UJF, INAC, CEA-Grenoble (France); Maron, Laurent [LCPNO, CNRS and INSA, UPS, Universite de Toulouse (France)

    2013-12-16

    Two new arene inverted-sandwich complexes of uranium supported by siloxide ancillary ligands [K{U(OSi(OtBu)_3)_3}{sub 2}(μ-η{sup 6}:η{sup 6}-C{sub 7}H{sub 8})] (3) and [K{sub 2}{U(OSi(OtBu)_3)_3}{sub 2}(μ-η{sup 6}:η{sup 6}-C{sub 7}H{sub 8})] (4) were synthesized by the reduction of the parent arene-bridged complex [{U(OSi(OtBu)_3)_3}{sub 2}(μ-η{sup 6}:η{sup 6}-C{sub 7}H{sub 8})] (2) with stoichiometric amounts of KC{sub 8} yielding a rare family of inverted-sandwich complexes in three states of charge. The structural data and computational studies of the electronic structure are in agreement with the presence of high-valent uranium centers bridged by a reduced tetra-anionic toluene with the best formulation being U{sup V}-(arene{sup 4-})-U{sup V}, KU{sup IV}-(arene{sup 4-})-U{sup V}, and K{sub 2}U{sup IV}-(arene{sup 4-})-U{sup IV} for complexes 2, 3, and 4 respectively. The potassium cations in complexes 3 and 4 are coordinated to the siloxide ligands both in the solid state and in solution. The addition of KOTf (OTf=triflate) to the neutral compound 2 promotes its disproportionation to yield complexes 3 and 4 (depending on the stoichiometry) and the U{sup IV} mononuclear complex [U(OSi(OtBu){sub 3}){sub 3}(OTf)(thf){sub 2}] (5). This unprecedented reactivity demonstrates the key role of potassium for the stability of these complexes. (Copyright copyright 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  5. Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes bearing quinoline-based NNO tridentate ligands as catalyst for one-pot conversion of aldehydes to amides and o-allylation of phenols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manikandan, R; Prakash, G; Kathirvel, R; Viswanathamurthi, P

    2013-12-01

    Six new octahedral ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes having the general molecular formula [RuCl(CO)(B)L(1-2)] (B = PPh3, AsPh3 or py; L(1-2) = quinoline based NNO ligand) were synthesized. The quinoline based ligands behave as monoanionic tridentate donor and coordinated to ruthenium via ketoenolate oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and quinoline nitrogen. The composition of the complexes has been established by elemental analysis and spectral methods (FT-IR, electronic, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (31)P NMR and ESI-Mass). The complexes were used as efficient catalysts for one-pot conversion of various aldehydes to their corresponding primary amides in presence of NH2OH · HCl and NaHCO3. The effect of catalyst loading and reaction temperature on catalytic activity of the ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes were also investigated. The synthesized complexes also possess good catalytic activity for the o-allylation of phenols in the presence of K2CO3 under mild conditions. The complexes afforded branched allyl aryl ethers according to a regioselective reaction. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Low-valent pentafulvene titanium dinitrogen complex as a precursor for cationic titanium complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherer, Axel; Haase, Detlev; Saak, Wolfgang; Beckhaus, Ruediger; Meetsma, Auke; Bouwkamp, Marco W.; Beckhaus, Rüdiger

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of titanium dinitrogen complex [Cp*(eta(6)-C(5)H(4)=C(10)H(14))Ti](2)(mu-N(2)) (1) with ferrocenium borate, [Cp(2)Fe][BPh(4)], in THF results in oxidation of the titanium center, affording the titanium(IV) pentafulvene compound [Cp*(eta(6)-C(5)H(4)=C(10)H(14))Ti(THF)][BPh(4)] (2).

  7. A Study of Complexation-ability of Neutral Schiff Bases to Some Metal Cations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umit Cakir

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The constants of the extraction equilibrium and the distribution fordichloromethane as an organic solvent having low dielectric constant of metal cations withchiral Schiff bases, benzaldehydene-(S-2-amino-3-phenylpropanol (I, o- benzaldehydene-(S-2-hydroxybenzaldehydene-(S-2-amino-3-phenyl-propanol (II,amino-3-methylbutanol (III with anionic dyes [4-(2-pyridylazo-resorcinol mono sodiummonohydrate (NaPar, sodium picrat (NaPic and potassium picrat (KPic] and some heavymetal chlorides were determined at 25 oC. All the ligands have given strongestcomplexation for NaPar. In contrast, similar behaviour for both alkali metal picrates is notapparent in the complexation of corresponding ligands.

  8. Isolation of humic acid from oxidized lignite and complexation with metal cations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćatović Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Lignite is brown coal, which in its composition contains humic acids. Humic acids are produced by coal combustion, which leads to the enrichment of coal humic acids. Lignite, from the opet pit mine Šikulje, lignite ore „Kreka“, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was fragmented and sieved to the appropriate size and used as a base material. The isolation of humic acid was carried out from pre-oxidized and dried lignite after which it was refined. Identification thus obtained humic acids was carried out by FTIR spectroscopy and its characterization of UV analysis which is determined by optical density of isolated humic acid and its complexation with metal cations. Data obtained by FTIR spectroscopic analysis of isolated humic acids show no significant structural and chemical difference in relation to the spectrum obtained for standard humic acids (Sigma Aldrich. UV analysis showed that isolated and standard humic acid have E4/E6 ratio in an appropriate range of 3–5, which indicates the presence of a large number of aliphatic structure. Based on the degree of humification was found that the isolated humic acids belong to the type B standard while humic acids belong to type A. The most important property of the humic substances is the ability to interact with the metal ions forming soluble or insoluble complexes which possess different chemical and biological properties and stability. The nature of the complex between humic acid and metal cation derived from the heterogeneous, polyelectric and polydispersive character humic acids that occurs due to the presence of a large number of functional groups. Complexation of humic acid is carried out with different concentrations of metal nitrate solutions and at different pH values. Different amounts of humic acids were used for the complexation. The amount of the free metal ions was measured with the ICP-OES methode. The data were also statistically analyzed with ANOVA. The results showed that increasing the p

  9. Ruthenium Sensitizers and Their Applications in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuancheng Qin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs have attracted considerable attention in recent years due to the possibility of low-cost conversion of photovoltaic energy. The DSSCs-based ruthenium complexes as sensitizers show high efficiency and excellent stability, implying potential practical applications. This review focuses on recent advances in design and preparation of efficient ruthenium sensitizers and their applications in DSSCs, including thiocyanate ruthenium sensitizers and thiocyanate-free ruthenium sensitizers.

  10. Rolling cycle amplification based single-color quantum dots–ruthenium complex assembling dyads for homogeneous and highly selective detection of DNA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Su, Chen; Liu, Yufei; Ye, Tai; Xiang, Xia; Ji, Xinghu; He, Zhike, E-mail: zhkhe@whu.edu.cn

    2015-01-01

    Graphical abstract: A universal, label-free, homogeneous, highly sensitive, and selective fluorescent biosensor for DNA detection is developed by using rolling-circle amplification (RCA) based single-color quantum dots–ruthenium complex (QDs–Ru) assembling dyads. - Highlights: • The single-color QDs–Ru assembling dyads were applied in homogeneous DNA assay. • This biosensor exhibited high selectivity against base mismatched sequences. • This biosensor could be severed as universal platform for the detection of ssDNA. • This sensor could be used to detect the target in human serum samples. • This DNA sensor had a good selectivity under the interference of other dsDNA. - Abstract: In this work, a new, label-free, homogeneous, highly sensitive, and selective fluorescent biosensor for DNA detection is developed by using rolling-circle amplification (RCA) based single-color quantum dots–ruthenium complex (QDs–Ru) assembling dyads. This strategy includes three steps: (1) the target DNA initiates RCA reaction and generates linear RCA products; (2) the complementary DNA hybridizes with the RCA products to form long double-strand DNA (dsDNA); (3) [Ru(phen){sub 2}(dppx)]{sup 2+} (dppx = 7,8-dimethyldipyrido [3,2-a:2′,3′-c] phenanthroline) intercalates into the long dsDNA with strong fluorescence emission. Due to its strong binding propensity with the long dsDNA, [Ru(phen){sub 2}(dppx)]{sup 2+} is removed from the surface of the QDs, resulting in restoring the fluorescence of the QDs, which has been quenched by [Ru(phen){sub 2}(dppx)]{sup 2+} through a photoinduced electron transfer process and is overlaid with the fluorescence of dsDNA bonded Ru(II) polypyridyl complex (Ru-dsDNA). Thus, high fluorescence intensity is observed, and is related to the concentration of target. This sensor exhibits not only high sensitivity for hepatitis B virus (HBV) ssDNA with a low detection limit (0.5 pM), but also excellent selectivity in the complex matrix. Moreover

  11. Microwave-assisted synthesis of ruthenium(II) complexes with alkynes as potential inhibitor by selectively recognizing c-myc G-quadruplex DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shuangyan; Wu, Qiong; Zhang, Hao; Wang, Qi; Wang, Xicheng; Mei, Wenjie; Wu, Xiaohui; Zheng, Wenjie

    2017-11-01

    Herein, two polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes with alkynes, [Ru(bpy) 2 L](ClO 4 ) 2 (L=p-TEPIP (1) and p-BEPIP (2); bpy=2,2'-bipyridine; p-TEPIP=2-(4-trimethylsilylpropargyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5f][1,10]phenanthroline; p-BEPIP=2-(4-phenyacetylenephenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5f][1,10]phenanthroline) have been successfully achieved in yields of 32%-89% by a Sonogashira coupling reaction under microwave irradiation. We studied these complexes as potential stabilizers of c-myc G-quadruplex DNA. Observations revealed that both complexes could selectively bind to and stabilize c-myc G-quadruplex DNA with a constant of approximately 1.61±0.78 and 9.47±4.20×10 3 M -1 , respectively, as determined from ITC (isothermal ttitration calorimetry) experiments, FRET (fluorescence resonance energy ttransfer) assay and competitive FRET assay. Moreover, the melting point (T m ) of the c-myc G-quadruplex DNA increased in the presence of 1 and 2 ([Ru]=0.2μM) by approximately 9 and 19.9°C, respectively. It is noteworthy that the conformation of the c-myc G-quadruplex DNA appeared to change when titrated with 1 and 2, which was accompanied by a negative-induced CD (circular dichroism) signal that appeared at a wavelength of 295nm. Furthermore, the conformational change in c-myc G-quadruplex DNA induced by 1 and 2have also been confirmed by TEM (transmission electron microscopy) and AFM (atomic force microscopy). Consequently, the replication of c-myc DNA was blocked by 1 and 2, and especially by 2, as verified by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) -stop assay and Western-blot assay. Thus, these ruthenium(II) complexes can be developed as potential inhibitors in chemotherapy through their binding and stabilization of c-myc G-quadruplex DNA. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Unexpected high photothemal conversion efficiency of gold nanospheres upon grafting with two-photon luminescent ruthenium(II) complexes: A way towards cancer therapy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pingyu; Wang, Jinquan; Huang, Huaiyi; Yu, Bole; Qiu, Kangqiang; Huang, Juanjuan; Wang, Shutao; Jiang, Lei; Gasser, Gilles; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2015-09-01

    The design and development of functional hybrid nanomaterials is currently a topic of great interest in biomedicine. Herein we investigated the grafting of Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes onto gold nanospheres (Ru@AuNPs) to improve the particles' near infrared (NIR) absorption, and ultimately allow for application in photothermal cancer therapy. As demonstrated in this article, these ruthenium(II) complexes could indeed significantly enhance gold nanospheres' two-photon luminescence (PTL) intensity and photothermal therapy (PTT) efficiency. The best dual functional nanoparticles of this study were successfully used for real-time luminescent imaging-guided PTT in live cancer cells. Furthermore, in vivo tumor ablation was achieved with excellent treatment efficacy under a diode laser (808 nm) irradiation at the power density of 0.8 W/cm(2) for 5 min. This study demonstrates that the coupling of inert Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes to gold nanospheres allows for the enhancement of two-photon luminescence and for efficient photothermal effect. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Study on Internal Microscopic Structures of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-tris(2,2'-bipyridyl))ruthenium(II) Complex Microgels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Shusuke; Kureha, Takuma; Nagase, Yasuhisa; Okeyoshi, Kosuke; Yoshida, Ryo; Sato, Takaaki; Suzuki, Daisuke

    2015-07-07

    Internal microscopic structures of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-tris(2,2'-bipyridyl))ruthenium(II) complex microgels were investigated using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) in the extended q-range of 0.07 ≤ q/nm(-1) ≤ 20. The microgels were prepared by aqueous free-radical precipitation polymerization, resulting in formation of monodispersed, submicrometer-sized microgels, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. To reveal the changes in the microscopic structures of the microgels during swelling/deswelling or dispersing/flocculating oscillation, the redox state of Ru(bpy)3 complexes was fixed in the microgels using Ce(IV) or Ce(III) ions under high ionic strength (1.5 M) during the SAXS measurements. The scattering intensity of the microgels manifested five different structural features. In particular, the correlation length (ξ), which was obtained from the fitting analysis using the Ornstein-Zernike equation, of the microgels both in the reduced and oxidized Ru(bpy)3 states exhibited divergent-like behavior. In addition, a low-q peak centered at q ≈ 5 nm(-1) did not appear clearly in both the reduced [Ru(bpy)3](2+) and oxidized [Ru(bpy)3](3+) states, indicating that the formation of a polymer-rich domain was suppressed; thus, Ru(bpy)3 complexes can be active even though the microgels are deswollen or flocculated during the oscillation reaction.

  14. Bis-picolinamide Ruthenium(III) Dihalide Complexes: Dichloride-to-Diiodide Exchange Generates Single trans Isomers with High Potency and Cancer Cell Selectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basri, Aida M; Lord, Rianne M; Allison, Simon J; Rodríguez-Bárzano, Andrea; Lucas, Stephanie J; Janeway, Felix D; Shepherd, Helena J; Pask, Christopher M; Phillips, Roger M; McGowan, Patrick C

    2017-05-05

    A library of new bis-picolinamide ruthenium(III) dihalide complexes of the type [RuX 2 L 2 ] (X=Cl or I, L=picolinamide) have been synthesised and characterised. The complexes exhibit different picolinamide ligand binding modes, whereby one ligand is bound (N,N) and the other bound (N,O). Structural studies revealed a mixture of cis and trans isomers for the [RuCl 2 L 2 ] complexes but upon a halide exchange reaction to yield [RuI 2 L 2 ], only single trans isomers were detected. High cytotoxic activity against human cancer cell lines was observed, with the potencies of some complexes similar to or better than cisplatin. The conversion to [RuI 2 L 2 ] substantially increased the activity towards cancer cell lines by more than twelvefold. The [RuI 2 L 2 ] complexes displayed potent activity against the A2780cis (cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer) cell line, with a more than fourfold higher potency than cisplatin. Equitoxic activity was observed against normoxic and hypoxic cancer cells, which indicates the potential to eradicate both the hypoxic and aerobic fractions of solid tumours with similar efficiency. The activity of selected complexes against non-cancer ARPE-19 cells was also tested. The [RuI 2 L 2 ] complexes were found to be more potent than the [RuCl 2 L 2 ] analogues and also more selective towards cancer cells with a selectivity factor in excess of sevenfold. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. New 4'-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine ruthenium(II) complexes: Synthesis, characterization, interaction with DNA/BSA and cytotoxicity studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milutinović, Milan M; Rilak, Ana; Bratsos, Ioannis; Klisurić, Olivera; Vraneš, Milan; Gligorijević, Nevenka; Radulović, Siniša; Bugarčić, Živadin D

    2017-04-01

    In this study, we have developed a series of new monofunctional Ru(II) complexes of the general formula mer-[Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(N-N)Cl]Cl in which Cl-Ph-tpy is 4'-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, N-N is a bidentate chelating ligand (1,2-diaminoethane (en, 1), 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (dach, 2) or 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy, 3)). All complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-Vis, 1D and 2D NMR). Their chemical behavior in aqueous solution was studied by UV-Vis and NMR spectroscopy showing that all compounds are relatively labile leading to the formation of the corresponding aqua species 1aq-3aq. Their DNA binding ability was evaluated by UV-Vis spectroscopy, fluorescence quenching measurements and viscosity measurements. Competitive studies with ethidium bromide (EB) showed that the complexes can displace DNA-bound EB, suggesting strong competition with EB (K sv =1.1-2.7×10 4 M -1 ). These experiments show that the ruthenium complexes interact with DNA via intercalation. The complexes bind to serum protein albumin displaying relatively high binding constants (K sv =10 4 -10 5 M -1 ). Compound 3 displayed from high to moderate cytotoxicity against two cancer cell lines HeLa and A549 (with IC 50 ca. 12.7μM and 53.8μM, respectively), while complexes 1 and 2 showed only moderate cytotoxicity (with IC 50 ca. 84.8μM and 96.3μM, respectively) against HeLa cells. The cell cycle analysis (by flow cytometry) of HeLa and A549 cells treated with complex 3 shows minor changes on the cell cycle phase distribution. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Ruthenium(II) carbonyl compounds with the 4'-chloro-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatikonda, Rajendhraprasad; Haukka, Matti

    2017-04-01

    Two ruthenium carbonyl complexes with the 4'-chloro-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine ligand (tpy-Cl, C 15 H 10 ClN 3 ), i.e. [RuCl(tpy-Cl)(CO) 2 ][RuCl 3 (CO) 3 ] (I) [systematic name: cis -di-carbonyl-chlorido(4'-chloro-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine-κ 3 N )ruthenium(II) fac -tricarbonyltri-chlorido-ruthenate(II)], and [RuCl 2 (tpy-Cl)(CO) 2 ] (II) [ cis -dicarbonyl- trans -di-chlorido(4'-chloro-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine-κ 2 N 1 , N 1' )ruthenium(II)], were synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The Ru II atoms in both centrosymmetric structures (I) and (II) display similar, slightly distorted octa-hedral coordination spheres. The coordination sphere in the complex cation in compound (I) is defined by three N atoms of the tridentate tpy-Cl ligand, two carbonyl carbon atoms and one chlorido ligand; the charge is balanced by an octa-hedral [Ru(CO) 3 Cl 3 ] - counter-anion. In the neutral compound (II), the tpy-Cl ligand coordinates to the metal only through two of its N atoms. The coordination sphere of the Ru II atom is completed by two carbonyl and two chlorido ligands. In the crystal structures of both (I) and (II), weak C-H⋯Cl inter-actions are observed.

  17. Ruthenium Complexes are pH-Activated Metallo Prodrugs (pHAMPs) with Light-Triggered Selective Toxicity Toward Cancer Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Fengrui; Park, Seungjo; Martinez, Kristina; Gray, Jessica L; Thowfeik, Fathima Shazna; Lundeen, John A; Kuhn, Ashley E; Charboneau, David J; Gerlach, Deidra L; Lockart, Molly M; Law, James A; Jernigan, Katherine L; Chambers, Nicole; Zeller, Matthias; Piro, Nicholas A; Kassel, W Scott; Schmehl, Russell H; Paul, Jared J; Merino, Edward J; Kim, Yonghyun; Papish, Elizabeth T

    2017-07-03

    Metallo prodrugs that take advantage of the inherent acidity surrounding cancer cells have yet to be developed. We report a new class of pH-activated metallo prodrugs (pHAMPs) that are activated by light- and pH-triggered ligand dissociation. These ruthenium complexes take advantage of a key characteristic of cancer cells and hypoxic solid tumors (acidity) that can be exploited to lessen the side effects of chemotherapy. Five ruthenium complexes of the type [(N,N) 2 Ru(PL)] 2+ were synthesized, fully characterized, and tested for cytotoxicity in cell culture (1 A : N,N = 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) and PL, the photolabile ligand, = 6,6'-dihydroxybipyridine (6,6'-dhbp); 2 A : N,N = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and PL = 6,6'-dhbp; 3 A : N,N = 2,3-dihydro-[1,4]dioxino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanthroline (dop) and PL = 6,6'-dhbp; 4 A : N,N = bipy and PL = 4,4'-dimethyl-6,6'-dihydroxybipyridine (dmdhbp); 5 A : N,N = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and PL = 4,4'-dihydroxybipyridine (4,4'-dhbp). The thermodynamic acidity of these complexes was measured in terms of two pK a values for conversion from the acidic form (X A ) to the basic form (X B ) by removal of two protons. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data is discussed for 2 A , 2 B , 3 A , 4 B , and 5 A . All complexes except 5 A showed measurable photodissociation with blue light (λ = 450 nm). For complexes 1 A -4 A and their deprotonated analogues (1 B -4 B ), the protonated form (at pH 5) consistently gave faster rates of photodissociation and larger quantum yields for the photoproduct, [(N,N) 2 Ru(H 2 O) 2 ] 2+ . This shows that low pH can lead to greater rates of photodissociation. Cytotoxicity studies with 1 A -5 A showed that complex 3 A is the most cytotoxic complex of this series with IC 50 values as low as 4 μM (with blue light) versus two breast cancer cell lines. Complex 3 A is also selectively cytotoxic, with sevenfold higher toxicity toward cancerous versus normal breast cells. Phototoxicity indices with 3 A were as high

  18. Extraction and characterization of ternary complexes between natural organic matter, cations, and oxyanions from a natural soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peel, Hannah R; Martin, David P; Bednar, Anthony J

    2017-06-01

    Natural organic matter (NOM) can have a significant influence on the mobility and fate of inorganic oxyanions, such as arsenic and selenium, in the environment. There is evidence to suggest that interactions between NOM and these oxyanions are facilitated by bridging cations (primarily Fe 3+ ) through the formation of ternary complexes. Building on previous work characterizing ternary complexes formed in the laboratory using purified NOM, this study describes the extraction and characterization of intact ternary complexes directly from a soil matrix. The complexes are stable to the basic extraction conditions (pH 12) and do not appear to change when the pH of the extract is adjusted back to neutral. The results suggest that ternary complexes between NOM, cations, and inorganic oxyanions exist in natural soils and could play a role in the speciation of inorganic oxyanions in environmental matrices. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. Complexation as an approach to entrap cationic drugs into cationic nanoparticles administered intranasally for Alzheimer's disease management: preparation and detection in rat brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanafy, Amira S; Farid, Ragwa M; ElGamal, Safaa S

    2015-01-01

    Complexation was investigated as an approach to enhance the entrapment of the cationic neurotherapeutic drug, galantamine hydrobromide (GH) into cationic chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) for Alzheimer's disease management intranasally. Biodegradable CS-NPs were selected due to their low production cost and simple preparation. The effects of complexation on CS-NPs physicochemical properties and uptake in rat brain were examined. Placebo CS-NPs were prepared by ionic gelation, and the parameters affecting their physicochemical properties were screened. The complex formed between GH and chitosan was detected by the FT-IR study. GH/chitosan complex nanoparticles (GH-CX-NPs) were prepared by ionic gelation, and characterized in terms of particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, in vitro release and stability for 4 and 25 °C for 3 months. Both placebo CS-NPs and GH-CX-NPs were visualized by transmission electron microscopy. Rhodamine-labeled GH-CX-NPs were prepared, administered to male Wistar rats intranasally, and their delivery to different brain regions was detected 1 h after administration using fluorescence microscopy and software-aided image processing. Optimized placebo CS-NPs and GH-CX-NPs had a diameter 182 and 190 nm, and a zeta potential of +40.4 and +31.6 mV, respectively. GH encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity were 23.34 and 9.86%, respectively. GH/chitosan complexation prolonged GH release (58.07% ± 6.67 after 72 h), improved formulation stability at 4 °C in terms of drug leakage and particle size, and showed insignificant effects on the physicochemical properties of the optimized placebo CS-NPs (p > 0.05). Rhodamine-labeled GH-CX-NPs were detected in the olfactory bulb, hippocampus, orbitofrontal and parietal cortices. Complexation is a promising approach to enhance the entrapment of cationic GH into the CS-NPs. It has insignificant effect on the physicochemical properties of CS-NPs. GH-CX-NPs were successfully

  20. Spectrophotometric Study of the Complex Formation of Anionic Chelates of Cobalt(II) with Monotetrazolium Cations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divarova, V. V.; Stojnova, K. T.; Racheva, P. V.; Lekova, V. D.

    2017-05-01

    The complex formation and extraction of anionic chelates of Co(II)-4-(2-thiazolylazo)resorcinol (TAR) with cations of monotetrazolium salts (TS) — (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and 3-(2-naphthyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride (TV) — in the liquid-liquid extraction system Co(II)-TAR-TS-H2O-CHCl3 were studied by spectrophotometric methods. The optimum conditions for the extraction of Co(II) were found. The molar ratio of the components and the form of the anionic chelates of Co(II) in the extracted compounds were determined by independent methods. The association process in the aqueous phase and the extraction process were investigated and quantitatively characterized. The following key constants were calculated: association constant, distribution constant, extraction constant, and recovery factor. The validity of the Beer's law was checked, and some analytical characteristics were calculated. Based on the obtained results and the lower price of the monotetrazolium salt MTT compared with that of TV, the ion-associated complex of Co(II)-TAR-MTT can be implemented for determination of cobalt(II) traces in alloys and biological, medical, and pharmaceutical samples.

  1. Electrochemical studies of the bis(triphenyl phosphine) ruthenium(II) complex, cis-[RuCl2(L)(PPh3)2], with L = 2-(2′-pyridyl) quinoxaline, in acetonitrile

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tsierkezos, N. G.; Ritter, U.; Philippopoulos, A. I.; Schröder, Detlef

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 20 (2010), s. 3517-3530 ISSN 0095-8972 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/08/1487 Grant - others:European Research Council(XE) AdG HORIZOMS Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : conductivity * cyclic voltammetry * electrochemical impedance spectrometry * electrospray ionization mass spectrometry * ruthenium (II) complexes Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.932, year: 2010

  2. A novel dual-functioning ruthenium(II)-arene complex of an anti-microbial ciprofloxacin derivative - Anti-proliferative and anti-microbial activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ude, Ziga; Romero-Canelón, Isolda; Twamley, Brendan; Fitzgerald Hughes, Deirdre; Sadler, Peter J; Marmion, Celine J

    2016-07-01

    7-(4-(Decanoyl)piperazin-1-yl)-ciprofloxacin, CipA, (1) which is an analogue of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, and its ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(η(6)-p-cymene)(CipA-H)Cl], (2) have been synthesised and the x-ray crystal structures of 1·1.3H2O·0.6CH3OH and 2·CH3OH·0.5H2O determined. The complex adopts a typical pseudo-octahedral 'piano-stool' geometry, with Ru(II) π-bonded to the p-cymene ring and σ-bonded to a chloride and two oxygen atoms of the chelated fluoroquinolone ligand. The complex is highly cytotoxic in the low μM range and is as potent as the clinical drug cisplatin against the human cancer cell lines A2780, A549, HCT116, and PC3. It is also highly cytotoxic against cisplatin- and oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines suggesting a different mechanism of action. The complex also retained low μM cytotoxicity against the human colon cancer cell line HCT116p53 in which the tumour suppressor p53 had been knocked out, suggesting that the potent anti-proliferative properties associated with this complex are independent of the status of p53 (in contrast to cisplatin). The complex also retained moderate anti-bacterial activity in two Escherichia coli, a laboratory strain and a clinical isolate resistant to first, second and third generation β-lactam antibiotics. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Non-bridging ligand effects on the kinetics of reduction of chloro- and azido-pentaamminecobalt(III by some polypyridyl complexes of ruthenium(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olayinka A. Oyetunji

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Pentaamminecobalt(III complexes, [Co(NH35X]2+ (X = Cl-, N3-, are reduced by [Ru(bipy3]2+ and [Ru(terpy(bipyCl] + in aqueous media at a constant ionic strength of 0.5 M (HCl/LiCl. At 308 K, the second order rate constants (M-1 s-1 are as follows: 17.9 for the reduction of the azidocobalt(III complex by [Ru(bipy3]2+, and 1.41 and 2.63 for the [Ru(terpy(bipyCl]+ reduction of the azido- and chlorocobalt(III complexes, respectively. Activation enthalpies (ΔH‡ and entropies (ΔS‡ were determined from temperature dependence measurements with the following results: ΔH‡= 72.1 kJ mol-1 and ΔS‡ = 13.3 J mol-1 K-1 for the [Ru(bipy3]2+ reduction of the azidocobalt(III complex, while for the reduction of the cobalt(III complexes by [Ru(terpy(bipyCl] +, ΔH‡ (N3- = 20.3 kJ mol-1, ΔH‡ (Cl- = 40.6 kJ mol-1, ΔS‡(N3- = -177 J mol-1 K-1, and ΔS‡ (Cl- = -106 J mol-1 K-1. The relative rates of electron transfer in the different reactions and the influence of π-acceptor ligands on the ruthenium(II reduction of the cobalt(III complexes are discussed.

  4. Ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) vinyl complexes as highly sensitive and selective chromogenic and fluorogenic probes for the sensing of carbon monoxide in air.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toscani, Anita; Marín-Hernández, Cristina; Moragues, María E; Sancenón, Félix; Dingwall, Paul; Brown, Neil J; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; White, Andrew J P; Wilton-Ely, James D E T

    2015-10-05

    The detection of carbon monoxide in solution and air has been achieved using simple, inexpensive systems based on the vinyl complexes [M(CHCHR)Cl(CO)(BTD)(PPh3 )2 ] (R=aryl, BTD=2,1,3-benzothiadiazole). Depending on the nature of the vinyl group, chromogenic and fluorogenic responses signalled the presence of this odourless, tasteless, invisible, and toxic gas. Solutions of the complexes in CHCl3 underwent rapid change between easily differentiated colours when exposed to air samples containing CO. More significantly, the adsorption of the complexes on silica produced colorimetric probes for the naked-eye detection of CO in the gas phase. Structural data for key species before and after the addition of CO were obtained by means of single X-ray diffraction studies. In all cases, the ruthenium and osmium vinyl complexes studied showed a highly selective response to CO with exceptionally low detection limits. Naked-eye detection of CO at concentrations as low as 5 ppb in air was achieved with the onset of toxic levels (i.e., 100 ppm), thus resulting in a remarkably clear colour change. Moreover, complexes bearing pyrenyl, naphthyl, and phenanthrenyl moieties were fluorescent, and greater sensitivities were achieved (through turn-on emission fluorescence) in the presence of CO both in solution and air. This behaviour was explored computationally using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) experiments. In addition, the systems were shown to be selective for CO over all other gases tested, including water vapour and common organic solvents. Supporting the metal complexes on cellulose strips for use in an existing optoelectronic device allows numerical readings for the CO concentration to be obtained and provision of an alarm system. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Simultaneous realization of Hg2+ sensing, magnetic resonance imaging and upconversion luminescence in vitro and in vivo bioimaging based on hollow mesoporous silica coated UCNPs and ruthenium complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Xiaoqian; Sun, Lining; Ma, Binbin; Jin, Di; Dong, Liang; Shi, Liyi; Li, Nan; Chen, Haige; Huang, Wei

    2015-08-01

    We have constructed a multifunctional nanoprobe with sensing and imaging properties by using hollow mesoporous silica coated upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and Hg2+ responsive ruthenium (Ru) complex. The Ru complex was loaded into the hollow mesoporous silica and the UCNPs acted as an energy donor, transferring luminescence energy to the Ru complex. Furthermore, polyethylenimine (PEI) was assembled on the surface of mesoporous silica to achieve better hydrophilic and bio-compatibility. Upon addition of Hg2+, a blue shift of the absorption peak of the Ru complex is observed and the energy transfer process between the UCNPs and the Ru complex was blocked, resulting in an increase of the green emission intensity of the UCNPs. The un-changed 801 nm emission of the nanoprobe was used as an internal standard reference and the detection limit of Hg2+ was determined to be 0.16 μM for this nanoprobe in aqueous solution. In addition, based on the low cytotoxicity as studied by CCK-8 assay, the nanoprobe was successfully applied for cell imaging and small animal imaging. Furthermore, when doped with Gd3+ ions, the nanoprobe was successfully applied to in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Kunming mice, which demonstrates its potential as a MRI positive-contrast agent. Therefore, the method and results may provide more exciting opportunities to afford nanoprobes with multimodal bioimaging and multifunctional applications.We have constructed a multifunctional nanoprobe with sensing and imaging properties by using hollow mesoporous silica coated upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and Hg2+ responsive ruthenium (Ru) complex. The Ru complex was loaded into the hollow mesoporous silica and the UCNPs acted as an energy donor, transferring luminescence energy to the Ru complex. Furthermore, polyethylenimine (PEI) was assembled on the surface of mesoporous silica to achieve better hydrophilic and bio-compatibility. Upon addition of Hg2+, a blue shift of the absorption peak

  6. Naked (C5Me5)(2)M cations (M = Sc, Ti, and V) and their fluoroarene complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwkamp, MW; Budzelaar, PHM; Gercama, J; Morales, ID; de Wolf, J; Meetsma, A; Troyanov, SI; Teuben, JH; Hessen, B; Budzelaar, Peter H.M.; Hierro Morales, Isabel Del; Troyanov, Sergei I.

    2005-01-01

    The ionic metallocene complexes [Cp*M-2][BPh4] (CP* = C5Me5) of the trivalent 3d metals Sc, Ti, and V were synthesized and structurally characterized. For M Sc, the anion interacts weakly with the metal center through one of the phenyl groups, but for M = Ti and V, the cations are naked. They each

  7. Photoisomerization Mechanism of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes: Role of the Metal-Centered Excited State in the Bond Rupture and Bond Construction Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huifang; Zhang, Lisheng; Zheng, Lvyin; Li, Xun; Fan, Xiaolin; Zhao, Yi

    2016-09-26

    Phototriggered intramolecular isomerization in a series of ruthenium sulfoxide complexes, [Ru(L)(tpy)(DMSO)](n+) (where tpy=2,2':6',2''-terpyridine; DMSO=dimethyl sulfoxide; L=2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), n=2; N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (tmen) n=2; picolinate (pic), n=1; acetylacetonate (acac), n=1; oxalate (ox), n=0; malonate (mal), n=0), was investigated theoretically. It is observed that the metal-centered ligand field ((3) MC) state plays an important role in the excited state S→O isomerization of the coordinated DMSO ligand. If the population of (3) MCS state is thermally accessible and no (3) MCO can be populated from this state, photoisomerization will be turned off because the (3) MCS excited state is expected to lead to fast radiationless decay back to the original (1) GSS ground state or photodecomposition along the Ru(2+) -S stretching coordinate. On the contrary, if the population of (3) MCS (or (3) MCO ) state is inaccessible, photoinduced S→O isomerization can proceed adiabatically on the potential energy surface of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer excited states ((3) MLCTS →(3) MLCTO ). It is hoped that these results can provide valuable information for the excited state isomerization in photochromic d(6) transition-metal complexes, which is both experimentally and intellectually challenging as a field of study. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Ruthenium(III) Complexes of Heterocyclic Tridentate (ONN) Schiff Base: Synthesis, Characterization and its Biological Properties as an Antiradical and Antiproliferative Agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejidike, Ikechukwu P.; Ajibade, Peter A.

    2016-01-01

    The current work reports the synthesis, spectroscopic studies, antiradical and antiproliferative properties of four ruthenium(III) complexes of heterocyclic tridentate Schiff base bearing a simple 2′,4′-dihydroxyacetophenone functionality and ethylenediamine as the bridging ligand with RCHO moiety. The reaction of the tridentate ligands with RuCl3·3H2O lead to the formation of neutral complexes of the type [Ru(L)Cl2(H2O)] (where L = tridentate NNO ligands). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, UV-vis, conductivity measurements, FTIR spectroscopy and confirmed the proposed octahedral geometry around the Ru ion. The Ru(III) compounds showed antiradical potentials against 2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, with DPPH scavenging capability in the order: [(PAEBOD)RuCl2] > [(BZEBOD)RuCl2] > [(MOABOD)RuCl2] > [Vit. C] > [rutin] > [(METBOD)RuCl2], and ABTS radical in the order: [(PAEBOD)RuCl2] < [(MOABOD)RuCl2] < [(BZEBOD)RuCl2] < [(METBOD)RuCl2]. Furthermore, in vitro anti-proliferative activity was investigated against three human cancer cell lines: renal cancer cell (TK-10), melanoma cancer cell (UACC-62) and breast cancer cell (MCF-7) by SRB assay. PMID:26742030

  9. Ruthenium(III Complexes of Heterocyclic Tridentate (ONN Schiff Base: Synthesis, Characterization and its Biological Properties as an Antiradical and Antiproliferative Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikechukwu P. Ejidike

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The current work reports the synthesis, spectroscopic studies, antiradical and antiproliferative properties of four ruthenium(III complexes of heterocyclic tridentate Schiff base bearing a simple 2′,4′-dihydroxyacetophenone functionality and ethylenediamine as the bridging ligand with RCHO moiety. The reaction of the tridentate ligands with RuCl3·3H2O lead to the formation of neutral complexes of the type [Ru(LCl2(H2O] (where L = tridentate NNO ligands. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, UV-vis, conductivity measurements, FTIR spectroscopy and confirmed the proposed octahedral geometry around the Ru ion. The Ru(III compounds showed antiradical potentials against 2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH and 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS radicals, with DPPH scavenging capability in the order: [(PAEBODRuCl2] > [(BZEBODRuCl2] > [(MOABODRuCl2] > [Vit. C] > [rutin] > [(METBODRuCl2], and ABTS radical in the order: [(PAEBODRuCl2] < [(MOABODRuCl2] < [(BZEBODRuCl2] < [(METBODRuCl2]. Furthermore, in vitro anti-proliferative activity was investigated against three human cancer cell lines: renal cancer cell (TK-10, melanoma cancer cell (UACC-62 and breast cancer cell (MCF-7 by SRB assay.

  10. Robust binding between carbon nitride nanosheets and a binuclear ruthenium(II) complex enabling durable, selective CO{sub 2} reduction under visible light in aqueous solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuriki, Ryo; Ishitani, Osamu; Maeda, Kazuhiko [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan); Yamamoto, Muneaki; Yoshida, Tomoko [Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology, Osaka City University (Japan); Higuchi, Kimitaka; Yamamoto, Yuta; Akatsuka, Masato; Yagi, Shinya [Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability, Nagoya University (Japan); Lu, Daling [Suzukakedai Materials Analysis Division, Technical Department, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama (Japan)

    2017-04-18

    Carbon nitride nanosheets (NS-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) were found to undergo robust binding with a binuclear ruthenium(II) complex (RuRu') even in basic aqueous solution. A hybrid material consisting of NS-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} (further modified with nanoparticulate Ag) and RuRu' promoted the photocatalytic reduction of CO{sub 2} to formate in aqueous media, in conjunction with high selectivity (approximately 98 %) and a good turnover number (>2000 with respect to the loaded Ru complex). These represent the highest values yet reported for a powder-based photocatalytic system during CO{sub 2} reduction under visible light in an aqueous environment. We also assessed the desorption of RuRu' from the Ag/C{sub 3}N{sub 4} surface, a factor that can contribute to a loss of activity. It was determined that desorption is not induced by salt additives, pH changes, or photoirradiation, which partly explains the high photocatalytic performance of this material. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  11. DFT study of isomers of the ruthenium dihydride complex RuH2(CO)2(AsMe2Ph)2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Said, R Ben; Essalah, K; Sanhoury, M A K; Hussein, K; Boughdiri, S; Chermette, H

    2017-04-01

    A density functional theory (DFT) study of cct-As, ccc, and cct-CO isomers of the ruthenium dihydride complex RuH 2 (CO) 2 (AsMe 2 Ph) 2 is reported (see Scheme for the labeling isomer 34 structures of RuH 2 (CO) 2 (AsMe 2 Ph) 2 ). Complex geometries and relative energies of different isomers have been calculated with both B3LYP and M06-2X functionals. The results show that the B3LYP calculated Boltzmann populations of cct-As, ccc, and cct-CO isomers are 65.5, 34.2, and 0.3%, respectively. These are in better agreement with the experimental data than those calculated at the M06-2X level. However, the calculations of 1 H NMR chemical shifts were found to be better described with M06-2X than with B3LYP or with HF level of theories. In addition, a transition state between the two most stable isomers was determined through DFT/(B3LYP or M06-2X) calculations. Graphical Abstract Scheme: Labeling structure of RuH 2 (CO) 2 (AsMe 2 Ph) 2 .

  12. Judicious Design of Cationic, Cyclometalated Ir(III) Complexes for Photochemical Energy Conversion and Optoelectronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Isaac N; Porras, Jonathan A; Bernhard, Stefan

    2018-02-20

    The exponential growth in published studies on phosphorescent metal complexes has been triggered by their utilization in optoelectronics, solar energy conversion, and biological labeling applications. Very recent breakthroughs in organic photoredox transformations have further increased the research efforts dedicated to discerning the inner workings and structure-property relationships of these chromophores. Initially, the principal focus was on the Ru(II)-tris-diimine complex family. However, the limited photostability and lack of luminescence tunability discovered in these complexes prompted a broadening of the research to include 5d transition metal ions. The resulting increase in ligand field splitting prevents the population of antibonding e g * orbitals and widens the energy range available for color tuning. Particular attention was given to Ir(III), and its cyclometalated, cationic complexes have now replaced Ru(II) in the vast majority of applications. At the start, this Account documents the initial efforts dedicated to the color tuning of these complexes for their application in light emitting electrochemical cells, an easy to fabricate single-layer organic light emitting device (OLED). Systematic modifications of the ligand sphere of [Ir(ppy) 2 bpy] + (ppy: 2-phenylpyridine, bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine) with electron withdrawing and donating substituents allowed access to complexes with luminescence emission maxima throughout the visible spectrum exhibiting room temperature excited state lifetimes ranging from nanoseconds to dozens of microseconds and quantum yields up to 15 times that of [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 2+ . The diverse photophysical properties were also beneficial when using these Ir(III) complexes for driving solar fuel-producing reactions. For instance, photocatalytic water-reduction systems were explored to gain access to efficient water splitting systems. For this purpose, a variety of water reduction catalysts were paired with libraries of Ir

  13. Interaction of cationic vesicle with ribonucleotides (AMP, ADP, and ATP) and physicochemical characterization of DODAB/ribonucleotides complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuhua; Lu, Gongxuan

    2007-04-01

    The interaction between ribonucleotides (AMP, ADP, and ATP) and cationic vesicles prepared from dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) were investigated in detail. The physicochemical properties of ribonucleotides/cationic lipid complexes were present. Gel exclusion-UV spectroscopic results showed that all the charge ratios of DODAB/ribonucleotides (AMP, ADP, and ATP) are 2:1 when the maximal ribonucleotides were adsorbed onto DODAB, while the molar ratios were different, e.g., 2:1 for DODAB/AMP, 4:1 for DODAB/ADP and 6:1 for DODAB/ATP. These differences may be attributed to the different anion charges of AMP, ADP and ATP. The results demonstrated that ribonucleotides combined with DODAB vesicles with the electrostatic attraction in the complexation of DODAB and ribonucleotides. Transmission electron microscopic results revealed the different extents of aggregation of cationic vesicles in the complexation process of ribonucleotides with cationic lipid. The variation dependence of zeta-potentials or electrophoretic mobilities on vesicle size was also different. The zeta-potentials and electrophoretic mobilities of the DODAB vesicles (0.01 and 0.02 mM) gradually decreased when the ribonucleotide concentration increased. However, the mean diameters of the DODAB vesicles (0.1 and 0.5 mM) gradually increased when the ribonucleotide concentration increased.

  14. Synthesis, characterisation, and preliminary anti-cancer photodynamic therapeutic in vitro studies of mixed-metal binuclear ruthenium(II)-vanadium(IV) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Patrick; Magnusen, Anthony R.; Moffett, Erick T.; Meyer, Kyle; Hong, Yiling; Ramsdale, Stuart E.; Gordon, Michelle; Stubbs, Javelyn; Seymour, Luke A.; Acharya, Dhiraj; Weber, Ralph T.; Smith, Paul F.; Dismukes, G. Charles; Ji, Ping; Menocal, Laura; Bai, Fengwei; Williams, Jennie L.; Cropek, Donald M.; Jarrett, William L.

    2013-01-01

    We report the synthesis and characterisation of mixed-metal binuclear ruthenium(II)-vanadium(IV) complexes, which were used as potential photodynamic therapeutic agents for melanoma cell growth inhibition. The novel complexes, [Ru(pbt)2(phen2DTT)](PF6)2•1.5H2O 1 (where phen2DTT = 1,4-bis(1,10-phenanthrolin-5-ylsulfanyl)butane-2,3-diol and pbt = 2-(2'-pyridyl)benzothiazole) and [Ru(pbt)2(tpphz)](PF6)2•3H2O 2 (where tpphz = tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c:3″,2″-h:2‴,3‴-j]phenazine) were synthesised and characterised. Compound 1 was reacted with [VO(sal-L-tryp)(H2O)] (where sal-L-tryp = N-salicylidene-L-tryptophanate) to produce [Ru(pbt)2(phen2DTT)VO(sal-L-tryp)](PF6)2•5H2O 4; while [VO(sal-L-tryp)(H2O)] was reacted with compound 2 to produce [Ru(pbt)2(tpphz)VO(sal-L-tryp)](PF6)2•6H2O 3. All complexes were characterised by elemental analysis, HRMS, ESI MS, UV-visible absorption, ESR spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry, where appropriate. In vitro cell toxicity studies (with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay) via dark and light reaction conditions were carried out with sodium diaqua-4,4',4”,4”'tetrasulfophthalocyaninecobaltate(II) (Na4[Co(tspc)(H2O)2]), [VO(sal-L-tryp)(phen)]•H2O, and the chloride salts of complexes 3 and 4. Such studies involved A431, human epidermoid carcinoma cells; human amelanotic malignant melanoma cells; and HFF, non-cancerous human skin fibroblast cells. Both chloride salts of complexes 3 and 4 were found to be more toxic to melanoma cells than to non-cancerous fibroblast cells, and preferentially led to apoptosis of the melanoma cells over non-cancerous skin cells. The anti-cancer property of the chloride salts of complexes 3 and 4 was further enhanced when treated cells were exposed to light, while no such effect was observed on non-cancerous skin fibroblast cells. ESR and 51V NMR spectroscopic studies were also used to assess the stability of the chloride salts of

  15. Ruthenium Complexes Induce HepG2 Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Apoptosis and Inhibit Cell Migration and Invasion through Regulation of the Nrf2 Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiyu Lu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ruthenium (Ru complexes are currently the focus of substantial interest because of their potential application as chemotherapeutic agents with broad anticancer activities. This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities and mechanisms of two Ru complexes—2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-21H,23H-porphine Ru(II carbonyl (Ru1 and 5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine Ru(II carbonyl (Ru2—against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC cells. These Ru complexes effectively inhibited the cellular growth of three human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC cells, with IC50 values ranging from 2.7–7.3 μM. In contrast, the complexes exhibited lower toxicity towards L02 human liver normal cells with IC50 values of 20.4 and 24.8 μM, respectively. Moreover, Ru2 significantly inhibited HepG2 cell migration and invasion, and these effects were dose-dependent. The mechanistic studies demonstrated that Ru2 induced HCC cell apoptosis, as evidenced by DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation, which was predominately triggered via caspase family member activation. Furthermore, HCC cell treatment significantly decreased the expression levels of Nrf2 and its downstream effectors, NAD(PH: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1 and heme oxygenase 1 (HO1. Ru2 also exhibited potent in vivo anticancer efficacy in a tumor-bearing nude mouse model, as demonstrated by a time- and dose-dependent inhibition on tumor growth. The results demonstrate the therapeutic potential of Ru complexes against HCC via Nrf2 pathway regulation.

  16. Ruthenium Complexes Induce HepG2 Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Apoptosis and Inhibit Cell Migration and Invasion through Regulation of the Nrf2 Pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yiyu; Shen, Ting; Yang, Hua; Gu, Weiguang

    2016-01-01

    Ruthenium (Ru) complexes are currently the focus of substantial interest because of their potential application as chemotherapeutic agents with broad anticancer activities. This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities and mechanisms of two Ru complexes—2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-21H,23H-porphine Ru(II) carbonyl (Ru1) and 5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine Ru(II) carbonyl (Ru2)—against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. These Ru complexes effectively inhibited the cellular growth of three human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, with IC50 values ranging from 2.7–7.3 μM. In contrast, the complexes exhibited lower toxicity towards L02 human liver normal cells with IC50 values of 20.4 and 24.8 μM, respectively. Moreover, Ru2 significantly inhibited HepG2 cell migration and invasion, and these effects were dose-dependent. The mechanistic studies demonstrated that Ru2 induced HCC cell apoptosis, as evidenced by DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation, which was predominately triggered via caspase family member activation. Furthermore, HCC cell treatment significantly decreased the expression levels of Nrf2 and its downstream effectors, NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO1). Ru2 also exhibited potent in vivo anticancer efficacy in a tumor-bearing nude mouse model, as demonstrated by a time- and dose-dependent inhibition on tumor growth. The results demonstrate the therapeutic potential of Ru complexes against HCC via Nrf2 pathway regulation. PMID:27213353

  17. Synthesis of a ruthenium(II) bipyridyl complex coordinated by a functionalized Schiff base ligand: characterization, spectroscopic and isothermal titration calorimetry measurements of M2+ binding and sensing (M2+=Ca2+, Mg2+).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixit, Namrata; Mishra, Lallan; Mustafi, Sourajit M; Chary, Kandala V R; Houjou, Hirohiko

    2009-07-01

    Bis-[methylsalicylidine-4'benzoic acid]-ethylene (LH2) complexed with cis-Ru(bpy)2Cl(2).2H2O provides a complex of composition [Ru(bpy)2L].2NH4PF6 (1), which has been characterized spectroscopically. Its binding behaviour towards Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions is monitored using 1H NMR titration, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and luminescence microscopy. The luminescent ruthenium complex binds Ca2+ in a more selective manner as compared to Mg2+.

  18. A ruthenium(II) complex as turn-on Cu(II) luminescent sensor based on oxidative cyclization mechanism and its application in vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunfei; Liu, Zonglun; Yang, Kui; Zhang, Yi; Xu, Yongqian; Li, Hongjuan; Wang, Chaoxia; Lu, Aiping; Sun, Shiguo

    2015-02-01

    Copper ions play a vital role in a variety of fundamental physiological processes not only in human beings and plants, but also for extensive insects and microorganisms. In this paper, a novel water-soluble ruthenium(II) complex as a turn-on copper(II) ions luminescent sensor based on o-(phenylazo)aniline was designed and synthesized. The azo group would undergo a specific oxidative cyclization reaction with copper(II) ions and turn into high luminescent benzotriazole, triggering significant luminescent increasements which were linear to the concentrations of copper(II) ions. The sensor distinguished by its high sensitivity (over 80-fold luminescent switch-on response), good selectivity (the changes of the emission intensity in the presence of other metal ions or amino acids were negligible) and low detection limit (4.42 nM) in water. Moreover, the copper(II) luminescent sensor exhibited good photostability under light irradiation. Furthermore, the applicability of the proposed sensor in biological samples assay was also studied and imaged copper(II) ions in living pea aphids successfully.

  19. Spectral, structural, and electrochemical properties of ruthenium porphyrin diaryl and aryl(alkoxycarbonyl) carbene complexes: influence of carbene substituents, porphyrin substituents, and trans-axial ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Huang, Jie-Sheng; Xu, Guo-Bao; Zhu, Nianyong; Zhou, Zhong-Yuan; Che, Chi-Ming; Wong, Kwok-Yin

    2004-07-19

    A wide variety of ruthenium porphyrin carbene complexes, including [Ru(tpfpp)(CR(1)R(2))] (CR(1)R(2) = C(p-C(6)H(4)Cl)(2) 1 b, C(p-C(6)H(4)Me)(2) 1 c, C(p-C(6)H(4)OMe)(2) 1 d, C(CO(2)Me)(2) 1 e, C(p-C(6)H(4)NO(2))CO(2)Me 1 f, C(p-C(6)H(4)OMe)CO(2)Me 1 g, C(CH==CHPh)CO(2)CH(2)(CH==CH)(2)CH(3) 1 h), [Ru(por)(CPh(2))] (por=tdcpp 2 a, 4-Br-tpp 2 b, 4-Cl-tpp 2 c, 4-F-tpp 2 d, tpp 2 e, ttp 2 f, 4-MeO-tpp 2 g, tmp 2 h, 3,4,5-MeO-tpp 2 i), [Ru(por)[C(Ph)CO(2)Et

  20. Enhanced Photovoltaic Performance via Co-sensitization of Ruthenium (II)-Based Complex Sensitizers with Metal-Free Indoline Dye in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Swati; Patel, Mohan; Verma, Anil Kumar; Singh, Surya Prakash; Tiwari, Sanjay

    2017-11-01

    Co-sensitization is shown to be an effective method to improve the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells wherein ruthenium (ii)-based complex sensitizers (N749, N719) is co-sensitized with the metal-free indoline dye (D149), where photovoltaic efficiency of 5.40% is achieved by co-sensitized N749+D149 and efficiency of 4.94% is achieved by co-sensitized N719+D149. The assembled dye-sensitized solar cells were studied by UVvis absorption measurements of dye solutions, the absorption spectra of the dye-sensitized TiO2 film along with co-sensitized TiO2 film and current-voltage characteristics. The co-sensitized based device exhibits better photovoltaic performance compared to the devices fabricated from individual sensitizers. Upon optimization, the device made of co-sensitized N749+D149 yielded Jsc = 13.6 mA/cm2, Voc = 690 mV, FF = 0.576 and η = 5.40% and the device made of co-sensitized N719+D149 yielded Jsc = 13.3 mA/cm2, Voc = 660mV, FF = 0.563 and η = 4.94%. This demonstrated that the performance of co-sensitized devices is improved from that of the devices sensitized with either N749 (4.56%), N719 (4.24%) or D149 (4.06%) under the same fabrication conditions.

  1. Influence of different ruthenium(II) bipyridyl complex on the photocatalytic H{sub 2} evolution over TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles with mesostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peng, Tianyou [College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Hubei Key Laboratory for Catalysis and Material Science, College of Chemistry and Material Science, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074 (China); Ke, Dingning; Cai, Ping; Dai, Ke; Ma, Liang; Zan, Ling [College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2008-05-15

    H{sub 2} production over dye-sensitized Pt/TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles with mesostructures (m-TiO{sub 2}) under visible light ({lambda} > 420 nm) was investigated by using methanol as electron donors. Experimental results indicate that three types of ruthenium(II) bipyridyl complex dyes (one binuclear Ru, two mononuclear Ru), which can be attached to Pt/m-TiO{sub 2} with different linkage modes, show different photosensitization effects due to their different coordination circumstances and physicochemical properties. The dye tightly linked with m-TiO{sub 2} has better durability but the lowest H{sub 2} evolution efficiency, whereas the loosely attached dyes possess higher H{sub 2} evolution efficiency and preferable durability. It seems that the dynamic equilibrium between the linkage of the ground state dye with TiO{sub 2} and the divorce of the oxidization state dye from the surfaces plays a crucial role in the photochemical behavior during the photocatalyst sensitization process. It is helpful to improve the H{sub 2} evolution efficiency by enhancing the electron injection and hindering the backward transfer. The binuclear Ru(II) dye shows a better photosensitization in comparison with mononuclear Ru(II) dyes due to its large molecular area, conjugation system, and ''antenna effect'', which, in turn, improve the visible light harvesting and electron transfer between the dye molecules and TiO{sub 2}. (author)

  2. A new ion imprinted polymer based on Ru(III)-thiobarbituric acid complex for solid phase extraction of ruthenium(III) prior to its determination by ETAAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zambrzycka, Elżbieta; Godlewska-Żyłkiewicz, Beata

    2014-01-01

    A new ruthenium ion imprinted polymer was prepared from the Ru(III) 2-thiobarbituric acid complex (the template), methacrylic acid or acrylamide (the functional monomers), and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (the cross-linking agent) using 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile as the radical initiator. The ion imprinted polymer was characterized and used as a selective sorbent for the solid phase extraction of Ru(III) ions. The effects of type of functional monomer, sample volume, solution pH and flow rate on the extraction efficiency were studied in the dynamic mode. Ru(III) ion was quantitatively retained on the sorbents in the pH range from 3.5 to 10, and can be eluted with 4 mol L−1 aqueous ammonia. The affinity of Ru(III) for the ion imprinted polymer based on the acrylamide monomer is weaker than that for the polymer based on the methacrylic acid monomer, which therefore was used in interference studies and in analytical applications. Following extraction of Ru(III) ions with the imprint and their subsequent elution from the polymer with aqueous ammonia, Ru(III) was detected by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with a detection limit of 0.21 ng mL −1 . The method was successfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of Ru(III) in water, waste, road dust and platinum ore (CRM SARM 76) with a reproducibility (expressed as RSD) below 6.4 %. (author)

  3. The thermodynamic stability of hydrogen bonded and cation bridged complexes of humic acid models-A theoretical study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquino, Adelia J.A.; Tunega, Daniel; Pasalic, Hasan; Haberhauer, Georg; Gerzabek, Martin H.; Lischka, Hans

    2008-01-01

    Hydrogen bonded and cation bridged complexation of poly(acrylic acid) oligomers, representing a model compound for humic acids, with acetic acid and the herbicide (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy) acetic acid (MCPA) have been studied by means of density functional theory. Solvation effects were computed by means of a combination of microsolvation (explicit insertion of water molecules) and global solvation (polarizable continuum approach). The stability of hydrogen bonded complexes in solution is characterized by a strong competition between solute and solvent molecules. The cation bridged complexes of the negatively charged (deprotonated) ligands were found to be strongly favored explaining the capability of humic acids to fixate anionic species from soil solutions and the ability to form cross-linking structures within the humic acid macromolecules

  4. Characterization of tetraaza-AC8, a surfactant with cation complexing potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arleth, Lise

    1995-01-01

    Being a surfactant with cation complexing potential, the Tetraaza-AC8 can, in the long term, possibly be applied for the selection and extraction of specific cations. This can be of interest for the handling of radioactive waste or in the chemical industries for extraction of rare earth molecules as for example Rhodium. A thorough characterization of the behavior and abilities of Tetraaza-AC8 is necessary before one can even think of taking it into a larger production with sight of a specific application. This project deals with the characterization of the behavior and abilities of Tetraaza- AC8. In order to make use of the surface active properties of Tetraaza-AC8 it is necessary to dissolve it in some kind of solvent. As water is an important solvent which is, in addition, both inexpensive and non-polluting it is the natural choice. The aim of the project can then precised as follows: To study the micelle formation of dilute aqueous solutions of Tetraaza- AC8 and to determine how the micelle formation is influenced by the addition of respectively CsF, CuF 2 and RhCl 3 to the solutions The primary method of analysis is small-angle scattering. As small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) emphasizes different parts of the micellar structure, the combination of the methods allows a good determination of the micellar shape. In order to support the interpretation of scattering data, density measurements, surface tension measurements and UV/visible light spectroscopy are also performed. The scattering data have been analyzed according to two fundamentally different methods of analysis namely the method of indirect Fourier transform and the method of fitting molecular based models of the micelles to the scattering spectra. The first chapter contains a short introduction to the field of surfactants and complexing macrocycles. The chemical structure of Tetraaza-AC8 will be explained and motivated. A short description of the synthesis

  5. Electron Transfer Mediator Effects in Water Oxidation Catalysis by Solution and Surface-Bound Ruthenium Bpy-Dicarboxylate Complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheridan, Matthew V.; Sherman, Benjamin D.; Marquard, Seth L.; Fang, Zhen; Ashford, Dennis L.; Wee, Kyung-Ryang; Gold, Alexander S.; Alibabaei, Leila; Rudd, Jennifer A.; Coggins, Michael K.; Meyer, Thomas J.

    2015-11-12

    Electrocatalytic water oxidation by the catalyst, ruthenium 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate (bda) bis-isoquinoline (isoq), [Ru(bda)(isoq)2], 1, was investigated at metal oxide electrodes surface-derivatized with electron transfer (ET) mediators. At indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) in pH 7.2 in H2PO4–/HPO42– buffers in 0.5 M NaClO4 with added acetonitrile (MeCN), the catalytic activity of 1 is enhanced by the surface-bound redox mediators [Ru (4,4'-PO3H2-bpy)(4,4'-R-bpy)2]2+ (RuPbpyR22+, R = Br, H, Me, or OMe, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine). Rate-limiting ET between the Ru3+ form of the mediator and the RuIV(O) form in the [RuV/IV(O)]+/0 couple of 1 is observed at relatively high concentrations of HPO42– buffer base under conditions where O···O bond formation is facilitated by atom-proton transfer (APT). For the solution [Ru(bpy)3]3+/2+ mediator couple and 1 as the catalyst, catalytic currents vary systematically with the concentration of mediator and the HPO42– buffer base concentration. Electron transfer mediation of water oxidation catalysis was also investigated on nanoparticle TiO2 electrodes co-loaded with catalyst [Ru(bda)(py-4-O(CH2)3-PO3H2)2], 2, (py = pyridine) and RuPbpyR22+ (R = H, Me, or OMe) with an interplay between rate-limiting catalyst oxidation and rate-limiting O···O bond formation by APT. Lastly, the co-loaded assembly RuPbpyR22+ + 2 has been investigated in a dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cell for water splitting.

  6. Electrochemical studies of ruthenium compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar Ghosh, B.; Chakravorty, A.

    1989-01-01

    In many ways the chemistry of transition metals is the chemistry of multiple oxidation states and the associated redox phenomena. If a particular element were to be singeld out to illustrate this viewpoint, a model choice would be ruthenium - an element that is directly or indirectly the active centre of a plethora of redox phenomena encompassing ten different oxidation states and a breathtaking diversity of structure and bonding. In the present review the authors are primarily concerned with the oxidation states of certain ligands coordinated to ruthenium. This choice is deliberate since this is one area where the unique power of electrochemical methods is splendidly revealed. Without these methods, development in this area would have been greatly hampered. A brief summary of metal oxidation states is also included as a prelude to the main subject of this review. The authors have generally emphasize the information derived which is of chemical interest leaving the details of formal electrochemical arguments in the background. The authors have reviewed the pattern and systematics of ligand redox in ruthenium complexes. The synergistic combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic methods have vastly increased our understanding of ligand phenomena during the last 15 years or so. This in turn has led to better understanding and new developments in other fields. Photophysics and photochemistry could be cited as examples. (author). 176 refs.; 10 figs.; 10 tabs

  7. Red-Emitting Ruthenium(II) and Iridium(III) Complexes as Phosphorescent Probes for Methylglyoxal in Vitro and in Vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wenzhu; Zhang, Feiyue; Wang, Yong-Lei; Song, Bo; Zhang, Run; Yuan, Jingli

    2017-02-06

    Transition-metal complexes, ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) complexes in particular, with fascinating triplet emissions are rapidly emerging as important phosphorescent dyes for application in the sensing and imaging of biological makers in live cells and organisms. In this contribution, two red-emitting transition-metal complexes, [Ru(bpy) 2 (DA-phen)](PF 6 ) 2 and [Ir(ppy) 2 (DA-phen)](PF 6 ) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, DA-phen = 4,5-diamino-1,10-phenanthroline, and ppy = 2-phenylpyridine), were designed and synthesized as phosphorescent probes for the highly sensitive and selective detection of methylglyoxal (MGO), an essential biomarker in the etiopathogenesis of several diseases. Both probes showed weak emissions in aqueous media because of the existence of an effective photoinduced-electron-transfer process, while their emissions could be remarkably enhanced upon the addition of MGO. The photophysical and electrochemical properties, as well as phosphorescent responses of the probes toward MGO, were examined. The ground- and excited-state properties of the probes and their reaction products with MGO, [Ru(bpy) 2 (MP-phen)](PF 6 ) 2 and [Ir(ppy) 2 (MP-phen)](PF 6 ) (MP-phen = 2-methylpyrazino-1,10-phenanthroline), the sensing mechanism, and several important experimental facts were investigated and validated using density functional theory (DFT)/time-dependent DFT computations. The results indicated that the phosphorescence switch-ON is due to the elimination of electron transfer and followed the reestablishment of emissive triplet excited states. To evaluate the feasibility of [Ru(bpy) 2 (DA-phen)](PF 6 ) 2 and [Ir(ppy) 2 (DA-phen)](PF 6 ) as bioprobes, their cytotoxicity was examined, and their applicability for visualizing intracellular and in vivo MGO was demonstrated.

  8. Complexation of the strontium cation with a macrocyclic lactam receptor: Experimental and theoretical study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Záliš, Stanislav; Vaňura, P.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 214, FEB 2016 (2016), s. 171-174 ISSN 0167-7322 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : strontium cation * macrocyclic lactam receptor Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 3.648, year: 2016

  9. Design, synthesis, and evaluation of gadolinium cationic lipids as tools for biodistribution studies of gene delivery complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclercq, Francoise; Cohen-Ohana, Mirit; Mignet, Nathalie; Sbarbati, Andrea; Herscovici, Jean; Scherman, Daniel; Byk, Gerardo

    2003-01-01

    Gadolinium-chelating cationic lipids have been synthesized to obtain lipoplexes with MRI contrast properties. These compounds were designed to follow the biodistribution of synthetic DNA for gene delivery by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. The lipid MCO-I-68 was synthesized, and chelate complexes with gadolinium were formed and characterized in terms of physicochemical and DNA binding properties. The transfection activity of MCO-I-68-Gd/DNA complexes was assayed in vitro on NIH 3T3. Different formulations of the product were tested. When up to 5% of the gadolinium lipid complexes were co-formulated with the cationic lipid RPR120535 used as a reference, the transfection levels were maintained as compared to RPR120535 alone. To date, only a liposomal formulation of a gadolinium-cationic lipid chelate without DNA had been observed using magnetic resonance imaging. In vivo intratumoral administration of MCO-I-68-Gd/DNA lipoplexes to tumor model led to an important increase of the NMR signal. It was demonstrated that the new complexes also acted as transfection carriers when they were formulated from liposomes.

  10. Preparation, Spectrochemical, and Computational Analysis of L-Carnosine (2-[(3-Aminopropanoylamino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-ylpropanoic Acid and Its Ruthenium (II Coordination Complexes in Aqueous Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myalo Sabela

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the synthesis and characterization of novel ruthenium (II complexes with the polydentate dipeptide, L-carnosine (2-[(3-aminopropanoylamino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-ylpropanoic acid. Mixed-ligand complexes with the general composition [MLp(Clq(H2Or]·xH2O (M = Ru(II; L = L-carnosine; p = 3 − q; r = 0–1; and x = 1–3 were prepared by refluxing aqueous solutions of the ligand with equimolar amounts of ruthenium chloride (black-alpha form at 60 °C for 36 h. Physical properties of the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, DSC/TGA, and cyclic voltammetry. The molecular structures of the complexes were elucidated using UV-Vis, ATR-IR, and heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy, then confirmed by density function theory (DFT calculations at the B3LYP/LANL2DZ level. Two-dimensional NMR experiments (1H COSY, 13C gHMBC, and 15N gHMBC were also conducted for the assignment of chemical shifts and calculation of relative coordination-induced shifts (RCIS by the complex formed. According to our results, the most probable coordination geometries of ruthenium in these compounds involve nitrogen (N1 from the imidazole ring and an oxygen atom from the carboxylic acid group of the ligand as donor atoms. Additional thermogravimetric and electrochemical data suggest that while the tetrahedral-monomer or octahedral-dimer are both possible structures of the formed complexes, the metal in either structure occurs in the (2+ oxidation state. Resulting RCIS values indicate that the amide-carbonyl, and the amino-terminus of the dipeptide are not involved in chelation and these observations correlate well with theoretical shift predictions by DFT.

  11. Relating catalytic activity and electrochemical properties: The case of arene-ruthenium phenanthroline complexes catalytically active in transfer hydrogenation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štěpnička, P.; Ludvík, Jiří; Canivet, J.; Süss-Fink, G.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 359, č. 8 (2006), s. 2369-2374 ISSN 0020-1693 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA4040304 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : arene complexes * chloro complexes * aqua complexes Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 1.674, year: 2006

  12. Development of nitrosyl ruthenium complex-loaded lipid carriers for topical administration: improvement in skin stability and in nitric oxide release by visible light irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquele-Oliveira, Franciane; Santana, Danielle Cristine de Almeida; Taveira, Stephânia Fleury; Vermeulen, Deise Mirella; de Oliveira, Anderson Rodrigo Moraes; da Silva, Roberto Santana; Lopez, Renata Fonseca Vianna

    2010-12-01

    The prominent nitric oxide (NO) donor [Ru(terpy)(bdqi)NO](PF(6))(3) has been synthesized and evaluated with respect to noteworthy biological effects due to its NO photorelease, including vascular relaxation and melanoma cell culture toxicity. The potential for delivering NO in therapeutic quantities is tenable since the nitrosyl ruthenium complex (NRC) must first reach the "target tissue" and then release the NO upon stimulus. In this context, NRC-loaded lipid carriers were developed and characterized to further explore its topical administration for applications such as skin cancer treatment. NRC-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers were prepared via the microemulsification method, with average diameters of 275+/-15 nm and 211+/-31 nm and zeta potentials of -40.7+/-10.4 mV and -50.0+/-7.5 mV, respectively. In vitro kinetic studies of NRC release from nanoparticles showed sustained release of NRC from the lipid carriers and illustrated the influence of the release medium and the lyophilization process. Stability studies showed that NO is released from NRC as a function of temperature and time and due to skin contact. The encapsulation of NRC in SLN followed by its lyophilization, significantly improved the complex stability. Furthermore, of particular interest was the fact that in the NO photorelease study, the NO release from the NRC-loaded SLN was approximately twice that of just NRC in solution. NRC-loaded SLN performs well enough at releasing and protecting NO degradation in vitro that it is a promising carrier for topical delivery of NO. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Kinetics of photoinduced electron transfer reactions of ruthenium(II) complexes and phenols, tyrosine, N-acetyl-tyrosine and tryptophan in aqueous solutions measured with modulated fluorescence spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Truong X; Landgraf, Stephan; Grampp, Günter

    2017-01-01

    Photooxidation kinetics of phenol, 1-naphthol, 2-naphthol, tyrosine (TyrOH) and N-acetyl-tyrosine (AcTyrOH), tryptophan (TrpH) by ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: [Ru(bpy) 3 ]Cl 2 (1), [Ru(phen) 3 ]Cl 2 (2), [Ru(bpy)(phen)(bpg)]Cl 2 (3), and [Ru(dpq) 2 (bxbg)]Cl 2 (4) where bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine, phen - 1,10-phenanthroline, bpg - bipyridine-glycoluril, dpq - dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline, and bxbg - bis(o-xylene)bipyridine-glycoluril are investigated. Rate constants have been measured by steady-state luminescence and phase-modulation fluorometry in aqueous solutions at different pH's. The rates for the oxidation of the phenols and phenolic aromatic amino acids spreads over a wide range from 4.2×10 6 to 6.8×10 9 M -1 s -1 , depending on pH and the nature of solutes. At pH>pK a of the quenchers, the presence of reactive species (PhO - ) in the alkaline solutions is accounted for the rapid ET rates. In the pH range between 4 and 10 (pHreaction rates, others than the driving forces ∆G 0 are the steric and hydrophobic interactions arising from the structure of the compounds. This is clearly seen in the case of photoreaction between the Ru(phen) 3 2+ complex and AcTyrOH. Phen ligands and acetyl group cause a steric effect, but strengthen the hydrophobic interactions and thus promote the quenching process. The pH-dependent equation of the observed rate constant for PhOH/AcTyrOH oxidation is expressed as a sum of rates for its protonated, neutral and deprotonated forms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. 1H and 13C NMR coordination-induced shifts in a series of tris(α-diimine)ruthenium(II) complexes containing pyridine, pyrazine, and thiazole moieties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orellana, G.; Ibarra, C.A.; Santoro, J.

    1988-01-01

    1 H and 13 C NMR chemical shifts of a series of ruthenium(II) tris chelates containing the heterocyclic ligands 2,2'-bipyridine, 2-(2-pyridyl)thiazole, 2-(2-pyrazyl)thiazole, and 2,2'-bithiazole are reported and compared to those of the corresponding free ligands. Calculated coordination-induced shifts (CIS, δ complexed - δ free ) range from +0.41 to -1.00 ppM for 1 H and from +5.8 to -3.7 ppM for 13 C nuclei. These values are discussed on the basis of the various effects (charge perturbation and field interactions) that arise upon chelation: electronic σ-donation to the metallic center via the nitrogen lone pair, d-π* back-donation to the ligand, van der Waals interactions, and magnetic anisotropy of the spectator ligands. Semiquantitative values of each effect at the different positions have been proposed, taking theoretical calculations of steric and anisotropic contributions as the starting point. Shielding van der Waals interaction between proximate atoms influences only the H(3') CIS of six-membered moieties, but to a very low extent (<0.15 ppM). Magnetic anisotropy of proximate ring currents practically determines the CIS of the α positions for all the complexed ligands examined (upfield shifts from -0.8 to -1.0 ppm), has a lower influence on external β positions (< 0.2 ppM), and is negligible for γ-protons. σ-donation deshields all the positions, its contribution increasing as protons separate from the coordinated nitrogen atom (up to 0.4 ppM). Π-back-bonding is a weaker effect (< 0.2 ppM upfield contribution) that operates mainly on the γ position of the pyridine and α and β positions of the pyrazine rings. 36 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs

  15. A comprehensive study of the complexation of alkali metal cations by lower rim calix[4]arene amide derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvat, Gordan; Frkanec, Leo; Cindro, Nikola; Tomišić, Vladislav

    2017-09-13

    The complexation of alkali metal cations by lower rim N,N-dihexylacetamide (L1) and newly synthesized N-hexyl-N-methylacetamide (L2) calix[4]arene tertiary-amide derivatives was thoroughly studied at 25 °C in acetonitrile (MeCN), benzonitrile (PhCN), and methanol (MeOH) by means of direct and competitive microcalorimetric titrations, and UV and 1 H NMR spectroscopies. In addition, by measuring the ligands' solubilities, the solution (transfer) Gibbs energies of the ligands and their alkali metal complexes were obtained. The inclusion of solvent molecules in the free and complexed calixarene hydrophobic cavities was also investigated. Computational (classical molecular dynamics) investigations of the studied systems were also carried out. The obtained results were compared with those previously obtained by studying the complexation ability of an N-hexylacetamidecalix[4]arene secondary-amide derivative (L3). The stability constants of 1 : 1 complexes were determined in all solvents used (the values obtained by different methods being in excellent agreement), as were the corresponding complexation enthalpies and entropies. Almost all of the examined reactions were enthalpically controlled. The most striking exceptions were reactions of Li + with both ligands in methanol, for which the entropic contribution to the reaction Gibbs energy was substantial due the entropically favourable desolvation of the smallest lithium cation. The thermodynamic stabilities of the complexes were quite solvent dependent (the stability decreased in the solvent order: MeCN > PhCN ≫ MeOH), which could be accounted for by considering the differences in the solvation of the ligand and free and complexed alkali metal cations in the solvents used. Comparison of the stability constants of the ligand L1 and L2 complexes clearly revealed that the higher electron-donating ability of the hexyl with respect to the methyl group is of considerable importance in determining the equilibria of the

  16. Characterization of the nanostructure of complexes formed by single- or double-stranded oligonucleotides with a cationic surfactant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyang; Abbott, Nicholas L

    2010-12-02

    We report the use of dynamic light scattering (DLS), small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to characterize the nanostructure of complexes formed by either single- or double-stranded oligonucleotides with a cationic surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) in aqueous solution (1 mM Li(2)SO(4)). For single-stranded oligonucleotides 5'-A(20)-3' and 5'-CCCCATTCTAGCAGCCCGGG-3', both the appearance of two Bragg peaks (at 0.14 and 0.28 Å(-1)) in SAXS spectra with a spacing of 1:2 and form factor fits to SANS spectra are consistent with the presence of multilamellar vesicles (with, on average, 6-9 layers with a periodicity of 45-48 Å). Some samples showed evidence of an additional Bragg peak (at 0.20 Å(-1)) associated with periodic packing (with a periodicity of 31 Å) of the oligonucleotides within the lamellae of the nanostructure. The nucleotide composition of the single-stranded oligonucleotides was also found to impact the number and size of the complexes formed with CTAB. In contrast to 5'-A(20)-3' and 5'-CCCCATTCTAGCAGCCCGGG-3', 5'-T(20)-3' did not change the state of aggregation of CTAB (globular micelles) over a wide range of oligonucleotide:CTAB charge ratios. These results support the proposition that hydrophobic interactions, as well as electrostatics, play a central role in the formation of complexes between cationic amphiphiles and single-stranded oligonucleotides and thus give rise to nanostructures that depend on nucleotide composition. In contrast to the single-stranded oligonucleotides, for double-stranded oligonucleotides mixed with CTAB, three Bragg peaks (0.13, 0.23, and 0.25 Å(-1)) in SAXS spectra with a spacing ratio of 1:√3:√4 and characteristic changes in SANS spectra indicate formation of a hexagonal nanostructure. Also, the composition of the double-stranded oligonucleotides did not measurably impact the nanostructure of complexes formed with CTAB, suggesting that electrostatic

  17. Building Indenylidene-Ruthenium Catalysts for Metathesis Transformations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavier, Hervé; Nolan, Steven P.

    Ruthenium-mediated olefin metathesis has emerged as an indispensable tool in organic synthesis for the formation carbon-carbon double bonds, attested by the large number of applications for natural product synthesis. Among the numerous catalysts developed to mediate olefin metathesis transformations, ruthenium-indenylidene complexes are robust and powerful pre-catalysts. The discovery of this catalyst category was slightly muddled due to a first mis-assignment of the compound structure. This report provides an overview of the synthetic routes for the construction of the indenylidene pattern in ruthenium complexes. The parameters relating to the indenylidene moiety construction will be discussed as well as the mechanism of this formation

  18. A combined experimental and DFT study on the complexation of the hydrazinium cation with a hexaarylbenzene - based receptor

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Makrlík, E.; Toman, Petr; Vaňura, P.; Rathore, R.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 3 (2011), s. 611-615 ISSN 1318-0207 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : hexaarylbenzene – based receptor * N2H+ 5 cation * complexation Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.328, year: 2011 http://acta.chem-soc.si/58/58-3-611.pdf

  19. Differential pulse polarography of tetracycline: determination of complexing tendencies of tetracycline analogs in the presence of cations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jochsberger, T; Cutie, A; Mills, J

    1979-08-01

    The complexation tendencies, stoichiometries, and stability constants for tetracycline, minocycline, and demeclocycline with the metallic ions calcium(II), magnesium (II), zinc(II), aluminum(III), iron(II), and iron (III) were evaluated using a polarographic technique. Changes in pulse peak heights for each tetracycline deravative were measured as a function of cation concentration. The method provides an in vitro method of evaluating the selectivity of particular metal ions for different tetracycline analogs.

  20. Carbon-carbon bond formation in cationic aryl-olefin-platinum (II) complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Felice, V. [Universita del Molise, Campobasso (Italy); Renzi, A.D.; Tesauro, D.; Vitagliano, A. [Universita di Napoli (Italy)

    1992-11-01

    Cationic five-coordinate [Pt(3-R{sup 1}-4-R{sup 2}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3})(MeCN) (6-Me-py-2-CH=NPh)(C{sub 2}H{sub 4})]{sup +} complexes (R{sup 1}, R{sup 2} = H, Me, OMe) undergo an unexpected rearrangement at 0{degrees}C in chloroform solution, affording, after treatment with aqueous LiCl, the neutral four-coordinate species [Pt(2-Et-4-R{sup 1}-5-R{sup 2}-C{sub 6}H{sub 2})Cl(6-Me-py-1-CH=NPh)]. Pt-C{sub aryl} bond breaking and making is involved in the whole process, resulting in a 1,2-shift of the platinum atom to an adjacent position of the benzene ring. The same compound is obtained, together with products deriving from a typical insertion, when an equimolar amount of ethylene is added to a chloroform solution of [Pt(3-R{sub 1}-4-R{sup 2}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3})(MeCN)(6-Me-py-2-CH=NPh)]{sup +} at 0{degrees}C. When higher ethylene/Pt ratios are used, only five-coordinate [Pt(3-R{sup 1}-4-R{sup 2}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2})Cl(6-Me-py-2-CH{double_bond}NPh)(C{sub 2}H{sub 4})] complex is isolated. As the experimental data rule out the possibility of a (2-arylethyl)platinum to (2-ethylaryl)platinum rearrangement, different reaction paths are suggested for the two processes. When the two reactions are combined in a {open_quotes}one-pot{close_quotes} sequence, a regiocontrolled double alkylation of the aryl system can be obtained. The behavior substrates containing bidenate nitrogen ligands having different five-coordination stabilizing effects is examined, and data concerning the reactions of propene and styrene are reported. 13 refs., 3 tabs.

  1. Non-photochemical Fluorescence Quenching in Photosystem II Antenna Complexes by the Reaction Center Cation Radical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschenko, V Z; Gorokhov, V V; Grishanova, N P; Korvatovskii, B N; Ivanov, M V; Maksimov, E G; Mamedov, M D

    2016-06-01

    In direct experiments, rate constants of photochemical (kP) and non-photochemical (kP(+)) fluorescence quenching were determined in membrane fragments of photosystem II (PSII), in oxygen-evolving PSII core particles, as well as in core particles deprived of the oxygen-evolving complex. For this purpose, a new approach to the pulse fluorometry method was implemented. In the "dark" reaction center (RC) state, antenna fluorescence decay kinetics were measured under low-intensity excitation (532 nm, pulse repetition rate 1 Hz), and the emission was registered by a streak camera. To create a "closed" [P680(+)QA(-)] RC state, a high-intensity pre-excitation pulse (pump pulse, 532 nm) of the sample was used. The time advance of the pump pulse against the measuring pulse was 8 ns. In this experimental configuration, under the pump pulse, the [P680(+)QA(-)] state was formed in RC, whereupon antenna fluorescence kinetics was measured using a weak testing picosecond pulsed excitation light applied to the sample 8 ns after the pump pulse. The data were fitted by a two-exponential approximation. Efficiency of antenna fluorescence quenching by the photoactive RC pigment in its oxidized (P680(+)) state was found to be ~1.5 times higher than that of the neutral (P680) RC state. To verify the data obtained with a streak camera, control measurements of PSII complex fluorescence decay kinetics by the single-photon counting technique were carried out. The results support the conclusions drawn from the measurements registered with the streak camera. In this case, the fitting of fluorescence kinetics was performed in three-exponential approximation, using the value of τ1 obtained by analyzing data registered by the streak camera. An additional third component obtained by modeling the data of single photon counting describes the P680(+)Pheo(-) charge recombination. Thus, for the first time the ratio of kP(+)/kP = 1.5 was determined in a direct experiment. The mechanisms of higher

  2. Binding properties of ruthenium(II) complexes [Ru(bpy)2(ppn)](2+) and [Ru(phen)2(ppn)](2+) with triplex RNA: As molecular "light switches" and stabilizers for poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) triplex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia; Sun, Yanmei; Zhu, Zhiyuan; Zhao, Hong; Tan, Lifeng

    2016-08-01

    Stable RNA triplexes play key roles in many biological processes, while triplexes are thermodynamically less stable than the corresponding duplexes due to the Hoogsteen base pairing. To understand the factors affecting the stabilization of RNA triplexes by octahedral ruthenium(II) complexes, the binding of [Ru(bpy)2(ppn)](2+) (1, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, ppn=2,4-diaminopyrimido[5,6-b]dipyrido[2,3-f:2',3'-h]quinoxaline) and [Ru(phen)2(ppn)](2+) (2, phen=1,10-phenanthroline) to poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) (· denotes the Watson-Crick base pairing and * denotes the Hoogsteen base pairing) has been investigated. The main results obtained here suggest that complexes 1 and 2 can serve as molecular "light switches" and stabilizers for poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U), while the effectiveness of complex 2 are more marked, suggesting that the hydrophobicity of ancillary ligands has a significant effect on the two Ru(II) complexes binding to poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U). This study further advances our knowledge on the binding of RNA triplexes with metal complexes, particularly with octahedral ruthenium polypyridyl complexes. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Bromide complexation by the Eu(III) lanthanide cation in dry and humid ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics PMF study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaumont, Alain; Wipff, Georges

    2012-05-14

    We report a molecular dynamics study on the EuBr(n)(3-n) complexes (n=0 to 6) formed upon complexation of Br(-) by Eu(3+) in the [BMI][PF(6)], [BMI][Tf(2)N] and [MeBu(3)N][Tf(2)N] ionic liquids (ILs), to compare the effect of the IL anion (PF(6)(-) versus Tf(2)N(-)), the IL cation (BMI(+) versus MeBu(3)N(+)) and the "IL humidity" on their solvation and stability. In "dry" solutions all complexes remain stable and the first coordination shell of Eu(3+) is purely anionic (Br(-) and IL anions), surrounded by IL cations (BMI(+) or MeBu(3)N(+) ions). Long range "onion type" solvation features (up to 20 Å from Eu(3+)), with alternating cation-rich and anion-rich solvent shells, are observed around the different complexes. The comparison of gas phase-optimized structures of EuBr(n)(3-n) complexes (that are unstable for n=5 and 6) with those observed in solution points to the importance of solvation forces on the nature of the complex, with a higher stabilization by imidazolium- than by ammonium-based dry ILs. Adding water to the IL has different effects, depending on the IL. In the highly hygroscopic [BMI][PF(6)] IL, Br(-) ligands are displaced by water, to finally form Eu(H(2)O)(9)(3+). In the less "humid" [BMI][Tf(2)N], the EuBr(n)(3-n) complexes do not dissociate and coordinate at most 1-2 H(2)O molecules. We also calculated the free-energy profiles (Potential of Mean Force calculations) for the stepwise complexation of Br(-), and found significant solvent effects. EuBr(6)(3-) is predicted to form in both [BMI][PF(6)] and [BMI][Tf(2)N], but not in [MeBu(3)N][Tf(2)N], mainly due to weaker interactions with the cationic solvation shell. First steps are found to be more exergonic in the PF(6)(-)- than in the Tf(2)N(-)-based IL. Molecular dynamics (MD) comparisons between ILs and classical solvents (acetonitrile and water) are also reported, affording good agreement with the experimental observations of Br(-) complexation by trivalent lanthanides in these classical

  4. A solid-state sensor based on ruthenium (II) complex immobilized on polytyramine film for the simultaneous determination of dopamine, ascorbic acid and uric acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khudaish, Emad A., E-mail: ejoudi@squ.edu.om [Sultan Qaboos University, College of Science, Chemistry Department, PO Box 36, PC 123 Muscat (Oman); Al-Ajmi, Khawla Y. [Sultan Qaboos University, College of Science, Chemistry Department, PO Box 36, PC 123 Muscat (Oman); Al-Harthi, Salim H. [Sultan Qaboos University, College of Science, Department of Physics, PO Box 36, PC 123 Muscat (Oman)

    2014-08-01

    A solid-state sensor based on a polytyramine (Pty) film deposited on a glassy carbon electrode doped with a tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)Ru(II) complex (Ru/Pty/GCE) was constructed electrochemically. The surface morphology of the film modified electrode was characterized using electrochemical and surface scanning techniques. A redox property represented by a [Ru(bpy){sub 3}]{sup 3+/2+} couple immobilized at the Pty moiety was characterized using typical voltammetric techniques. A distinct Ru 3d peak obtained at 280.9 eV confirms doping of the Ru species onto the Pty moiety characterized by X-ray photoelectron (XPS). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images demonstrate that incorporation of Ru decreases the surface roughness of the native Pty film modified electrode. The Ru/Pty/GCE exhibits efficient electrochemical sensing toward the oxidation of dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) in their mixture. Three well-defined peaks were resolved with a large peak to peak separation and the detection limits of AA, DA and UA are brought down to 0.31, 0.08 and 0.58 μM, respectively. Interference studies and application for DA determination in real samples were conducted with satisfactory results. - Highlights: • XPS data confirm doping of ruthenium onto the polytyramine moiety. • The voltammetric signals of ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid are well defined. • The sensor is stable and offers a large adsorption facility for all species. • The sensor is highly sensitive to dopamine oxidation. • The sensor is applied to a real sample with a satisfactory recovery percentage.

  5. A solid-state sensor based on ruthenium (II) complex immobilized on polytyramine film for the simultaneous determination of dopamine, ascorbic acid and uric acid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khudaish, Emad A.; Al-Ajmi, Khawla Y.; Al-Harthi, Salim H.

    2014-01-01

    A solid-state sensor based on a polytyramine (Pty) film deposited on a glassy carbon electrode doped with a tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)Ru(II) complex (Ru/Pty/GCE) was constructed electrochemically. The surface morphology of the film modified electrode was characterized using electrochemical and surface scanning techniques. A redox property represented by a [Ru(bpy) 3 ] 3+/2+ couple immobilized at the Pty moiety was characterized using typical voltammetric techniques. A distinct Ru 3d peak obtained at 280.9 eV confirms doping of the Ru species onto the Pty moiety characterized by X-ray photoelectron (XPS). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images demonstrate that incorporation of Ru decreases the surface roughness of the native Pty film modified electrode. The Ru/Pty/GCE exhibits efficient electrochemical sensing toward the oxidation of dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) in their mixture. Three well-defined peaks were resolved with a large peak to peak separation and the detection limits of AA, DA and UA are brought down to 0.31, 0.08 and 0.58 μM, respectively. Interference studies and application for DA determination in real samples were conducted with satisfactory results. - Highlights: • XPS data confirm doping of ruthenium onto the polytyramine moiety. • The voltammetric signals of ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid are well defined. • The sensor is stable and offers a large adsorption facility for all species. • The sensor is highly sensitive to dopamine oxidation. • The sensor is applied to a real sample with a satisfactory recovery percentage

  6. Analytical gradients of complete active space self-consistent field energies using Cholesky decomposition: geometry optimization and spin-state energetics of a ruthenium nitrosyl complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delcey, Mickaël G; Freitag, Leon; Pedersen, Thomas Bondo; Aquilante, Francesco; Lindh, Roland; González, Leticia

    2014-05-07

    We present a formulation of analytical energy gradients at the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) level of theory employing density fitting (DF) techniques to enable efficient geometry optimizations of large systems. As an example, the ground and lowest triplet state geometries of a ruthenium nitrosyl complex are computed at the DF-CASSCF level of theory and compared with structures obtained from density functional theory (DFT) using the B3LYP, BP86, and M06L functionals. The average deviation of all bond lengths compared to the crystal structure is 0.042 Å at the DF-CASSCF level of theory, which is slightly larger but still comparable with the deviations obtained by the tested DFT functionals, e.g., 0.032 Å with M06L. Specifically, the root-mean-square deviation between the DF-CASSCF and best DFT coordinates, delivered by BP86, is only 0.08 Å for S0 and 0.11 Å for T1, indicating that the geometries are very similar. While keeping the mean energy gradient errors below 0.25%, the DF technique results in a 13-fold speedup compared to the conventional CASSCF geometry optimization algorithm. Additionally, we assess the singlet-triplet energy vertical and adiabatic differences with multiconfigurational second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) using the DF-CASSCF and DFT optimized geometries. It is found that the vertical CASPT2 energies are relatively similar regardless of the geometry employed whereas the adiabatic singlet-triplet gaps are more sensitive to the chosen triplet geometry.

  7. Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on a Novel Orange Cationic Iridium(III) Complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Huaijun; Meng, Guoyun; Chen, Zeyu; Wang, Kaimin; Zhou, Qiang; Wang, Zhengliang

    2017-06-16

    A novel orange cationic iridium(III) complex [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ (TPTA: 3,4,5-triphenyl-4 H -1,2,4-triazole, dPPOA: N,N-diphenyl-4-(5-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)aniline) was synthesized and used as a phosphor in light-emitting diodes (LEDs). [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ has high thermal stability with a decomposition temperature ( T d ) of 375 °C, and its relative emission intensity at 100 °C is 88.8% of that at 25°C. When only [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ was used as a phosphor at 6.0 wt % in silicone and excited by a blue GaN (GaN: gallium nitride) chip (450 nm), an orange LED was obtained. A white LED fabricated by a blue GaN chip (450 nm) and only yellow phosphor Y₃Al₅O 12 :Ce 3+ (YAG:Ce) (1.0 wt % in silicone) emitted cold white light, its CIE (CIE: Commission International de I'Eclairage ) value was (0.32, 0.33), color rendering index (CRI) was 72.2, correlated color temperature (CCT) was 6877 K, and luminous efficiency ( η L ) was 128.5 lm∙W -1 . Such a cold white LED became a neutral white LED when [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ was added at 0.5 wt %; its corresponding CIE value was (0.35, 0.33), CRI was 78.4, CCT was 4896 K, and η L was 85.2 lm∙W -1 . It further became a warm white LED when [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ was added at 1.0 wt %; its corresponding CIE value was (0.39, 0.36), CRI was 80.2, CCT was 3473 K, and η L was 46.1 lm∙W -1 . The results show that [(TPTA)₂Ir(dPPOA)]PF₆ is a promising phosphor candidate for fabricating warm white LEDs.

  8. Development of a ruthenium(II) complex-based luminescent probe for hypochlorous acid in living cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Run; Ye, Zhiqiang; Song, Bo; Dai, Zhichao; An, Xin; Yuan, Jingli

    2013-09-16

    A novel Ru(II) complex, [Ru(bpy)2(DNPS-bpy)](PF6)2 (bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine, DNPS-bpy: 4-(2,4-dinitrophenylthio)methylene-4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine), has been designed and synthesized as a highly sensitive and selective luminescence probe for the recognition and detection of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in living cells by exploiting a "signaling moiety-recognition linker-quencher" sandwich approach. The complex possesses large stokes shift (170 nm), long emission wavelength (626 nm), and low cytotoxicity. Owing to the effective photoinduced electron transfer (PET) from Ru(II) center to the electron acceptor, 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP), the red-emission of bipyridine-Ru(II) complex was completely withheld. In aqueous media, HOCl can trigger an oxidation reaction to cleave the DNP moiety from the Ru(II) complex, which results in the formation of a highly luminescent bipyridine-Ru(II) complex derivative, [Ru(bpy)2(COOH-bpy)](PF6)2 (COOH-bpy: 4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl-4-carboxylic acid), accompanied by a 190-fold luminescence enhancement. Cell imaging experimental results demonstrated that [Ru(bpy)2(DNPS-bpy)](PF6)2 is membrane permeable, and can be applied for capturing and visualizing the exogenous/endogenous HOCl molecules in living cell samples. The development of this Ru(II) complex probe not only provides a useful tool for monitoring HOCl in living systems, but also strengthens the application of transition metal complex-based luminescent probes for bioimaging.

  9. Synthesis and spectral characterization of 2'-hydroxy chalconate complexes of ruthenium(II) and their catalytic and biological applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukumar, M.; Viswanathamurthi, P.; Natarajan, K.

    2008-10-01

    The reactions of [RuHCl(CO)(B)(EPh 3) 2] (B = EPh 3 or pyridine; E = P or As) and 2'-hydroxychalcones in 1:2 ratio led to the formation of [Ru(CO)(B)(L) 2] (B = PPh 3, AsPh 3 or Py; L = 2'-hydroxychalcones). The new complexes have been characterized by analytical and spectral (IR, electronic and 1H NMR) data. They have been assigned an octahedral structure. The new complexes were found to catalyze the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes using N-methylmorpholine- N-oxide as co-oxidant. All the new complexes were found to be active against bacteria such as E. coli, Salmonella typhi and fungi Aspergillus niger. The activity was compared with standard Streptomycin or Bavistin.

  10. Electrocatalytic oxidation of organic substrates with molecular oxygen using tetradentate ruthenium(III)-Schiff base complexes as catalysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ourari, Ali; Khelafi, Mostefa; Aggoun, Djouhra; Jutand, Anny; Amatore, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Three complexes Ru(III)ClL n involving different tetradentate Schiff base ligands L n (see L 1 , L 2 and L 3 in ) were used as catalysts in the oxidation of cyclooctene and tetraline in the presence of molecular dioxygen associated with benzoic anhydride. The efficiency of this oxidation reaction was tested in the presence of two apical bases: 1- or 2-methylimidazole. All complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible redox system. The electrolysis experiments were carried out at controlled potential for each complex, using different substrates such as cyclooctene and tetraline. The oxidized products are cyclooctene oxide (turnover 6.7), a mixture of 1-tetralol and 1-tetralone (turnover 7.6) respectively.

  11. Controlling the helicity of 2,2'-bipyridyl ruthenium(II) and zinc(II) hemicage complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyler, Karl D; Coughlin, Frederick J; Bernhard, Stefan

    2007-01-10

    Two enantiomers of a new 4,5-pineno-2,2'-bipyridine ligand were synthesized and subsequently incorporated into hemicage ligands through a phenyl linker to yield ligands (+)-L1 and (-)-L1 or through a mesityl linker to yield ligands (+)-L2 and (-)-L2. Complexation of these ligands to Ru(II) afforded diastereomerically pure Delta and Lambda isomers, as verified through circular dichroism and circularly polarized luminescence spectroscopy. Ligands (+)-L2 and (-)-L2 were further coordinated to Zn(II) to form a complex with intriguing photophysical properties. Whereas Zn(bpy)32+ was shown to be a fluorescent emitter outside the visible spectrum, the caging process provided an unprecedented enhancement of intersystem crossing and subsequent switching to the phosphorescent emission of blue light. Additionally, the chiroptical properties of the Zn(II) complexes were also studied.

  12. Ruthenium(II) chloro-bis(bipyridyl) complexes with substituted pyridine ligands: interpretation of their electronic absorption spectra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sizova, O.V.; Ershov, A.Yu.; Ivanova, N.V.; Shashko, A.D.; Kutejkina-Teplyakova, A.V.

    2003-01-01

    A number of complexes cis-[Ru(Bipy) 2 (L)(Cl)](BF 4 ), where Bipy-2,2'-bipyridine, L-pyridine, 4-aminopyridine, 4-picoline, nicotinamide, isonicotinamide, 3- and 4-cyanopyridine, 4,4'-bipyridine, trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene, 4,4'-azopyridine, pyrazine, imidazole and NH 3 , were prepared. Using the CINDO-CI semiempirical method the energies and intensities of transition in electronic absorption spectra (EAS) of the complexes were calculated. It is shown that major differences in EAS of the compounds stem from position of transitions with charge transfer d π (Ru)→π*(L) [ru

  13. Bis(acetylacetonato)ruthenium Complexes of Noninnocent 1,2-Dioxolene Ligands: Qualitatively Different Bonding in Relation to Monoimino and Diimino Analogues

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Das, D.; Sarkar, B.; Kumbhakar, D.; Mondal, T. P.; Mobin, S. M.; Fiedler, Jan; Urbanos, F. A.; Jimenez-Aparicio, R.; Kaim, W.; Lahiri, G. K.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 17, č. 39 (2011), s. 11030-11040 ISSN 0947-6539 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/09/0705; GA MŠk(CZ) LD11082 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : density functional calculations * magnetic properties * ruthenium Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 5.925, year: 2011

  14. Selective Catalytic Hydrogenation of Arenols by a Well-Defined Complex of Ruthenium and Phosphorus–Nitrogen PN3–Pincer Ligand Containing a Phenanthroline Backbone

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Huaifeng

    2017-05-30

    Selective catalytic hydrogenation of aromatic compounds is extremely challenging using transition-metal catalysts. Hydrogenation of arenols to substituted tetrahydronaphthols or cyclohexanols has been reported only with heterogeneous catalysts. Herein, we demonstrate the selective hydrogenation of arenols to the corresponding tetrahydronaphthols or cyclohexanols catalyzed by a phenanthroline-based PN3-ruthenium pincer catalyst.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopic, DFT calculations and biological activity studies of ruthenium carbonyl complexes with 2-picolinic acid and a secondary ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shohayeb, Shahera M.; Mohamed, Rania G.; Moustafa, H.; El-Medani, Samir M.

    2016-09-01

    Thermal reaction of [Ru3(CO)12] with 2-picolinic acid (Hpic) in the absence and presence of a secondary ligand (pyridine, Py, bipyridine, Bipy, or thiourea, Tu) was investigated. Four complexes with molecular formulae: [Ru(CO)3(Hpic)], 1, [Ru2(CO)5(Hpic)(Py)], 2, [Ru2(CO)5(Hpic)(Tu)], 3 and [Ru2(CO)4(Hpic)(Bipy)], 4, were isolated. All complexes were characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, magnetic studies, mass spectrometry and thermal analysis. The ligand and its complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities. Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G (d,p)_ level of theory have been carried out to investigate the equilibrium geometry of the ligands. The optimized geometry parameters of the complexes were evaluated using B3LYP method and LANL2DZ basis set. The extent of natural charge population (core, valence and rydberg), exact electronic configuration, total Lewis and total non-Lewis are estimated and discussed in terms of natural bond orbitals (NBO) analysis.

  16. Hydrogenation of imines catalysed by ruthenium(II) complexes based on lutidine-derived CNC pincer ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Juárez, Martín; Vaquero, Mónica; Álvarez, Eleuterio; Salazar, Verónica; Suárez, Andrés

    2013-01-14

    The preparation of new Ru(II) complexes incorporating fac-coordinated lutidine-derived CNC ligands is reported. These derivatives are selectively deprotonated by (t)BuOK at one of the methylene arms of the pincer, leading to catalytically active species in the hydrogenation of imines.

  17. Structure and Spectroelectrochemical Response of Arene-Ruthenium and Arene-Osmium Complexes with Potentially Hemilabile Noninnocent Ligands

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bubrin, M.; Schweinfurth, D.; Ehret, F.; Záliš, Stanislav; Kvapilová, Hana; Fiedler, Jan; Zeng, Q.; Hartl, F.; Kaim, W.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 33, č. 18 (2014), s. 4973-4985 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LD14129 Grant - others:COST(XE) cm1202 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : TRANSITION-METAL-COMPLEXES * REDOX-ACTIVE LIGANDS * TRANSFER HYDROGENATION Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 4.126, year: 2014

  18. Electron Transfer Across Multiple Hydrogen Bonds: The Case of Ureapyrimidinedione-Substituted Vinyl Ruthenium and Osmium Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pichlmaier, M.; Winter, R. F.; Zabel, M.; Záliš, Stanislav

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 131, č. 13 (2009), s. 4892-4903 ISSN 0002-7863 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC 139; GA AV ČR KAN100400702 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : bridget diruthenium complexes * supramolecular polymers * distance dependence Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 8.580, year: 2009

  19. Teaching Inorganic Photophysics and Photochemistry with Three Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes: A Computer-Based Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garino, Claudio; Terenzi, Alessio; Barone, Giampaolo; Salassa, Luca

    2016-01-01

    Among computational methods, DFT (density functional theory) and TD-DFT (time-dependent DFT) are widely used in research to describe, "inter alia," the optical properties of transition metal complexes. Inorganic/physical chemistry courses for undergraduate students treat such methods, but quite often only from the theoretical point of…

  20. Arene ruthenium(II) complexes with 2-acetamidothiazole derived ligands: Synthesis, structural studies, antifouling and antibacterial properties

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, K.S.; PrabhaDevi; Sawant, S.G.; Kaminsky, W.

    free antifouling paints [16], including NPA’s (Natural product Antifouling) [17-21] and other metal based complexes [22, 23] have been explored as alternatives. Although NPA were claimed to be eco-friendly [17, 24- 29], there are several disadvantages...