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Sample records for catarina state south

  1. First documented record of Holochilus brasiliensis (Desmarest, 1819 and Calomys laucha (G. Fischer, 1814 in the state of Santa Catarina, south Brazil

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    Felipe Bortolotto Peters

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the richness of small mammals in the Brazilian South Region are recent and point out the need for using varied methods. This way, this paper contributes to knowledge on the fauna of small sigmodontinae rodents in Santa Catarina, including Holochilus brasiliensis and Calomys laucha in the list of species with confirmed occurrence in this state. The records of H. brasiliensis refer to Laguna (n = 2 and Timbe do Sul (n = 1. In turn, C. laucha presents 23 records from Capinzal. The entire material is represented by skull fragments from owl pellets samples collected from nests and feeding perches of the Tyto alba.

  2. First record of the torrent frog Hylodes heyeri (Anura, Hylodidae in Santa Catarina State, South Brazil and acoustic comparison with the cryptic species Hylodes perplicatus (Anura, Hylodidae

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    Juliane Petry de Carli Monteiro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report the first record of the torrent frog Hylodes heyeri in Santa Catarina State, South Brazil, previously known from localities along the Atlantic Rainforest in the states of São Paulo and Paraná. We also performed an acoustic comparison between the calls of H. heyeri and H. perplicatus due to their morphological similarity and because now they could be found in sympatry. There was a greater variation in advertisement call duration for both species, than previously stated in the literature, probably related to variation in air temperature. To distinguish the two species, besides the differences in dominant frequency, a temporal parameter that could be used was the interval between notes, but call duration should not be used due to the influence of air temperature. Our findings reinforce the urgency for more field activities to enhance our knowledge of the geographic distribution of anuran amphibians, to promote their conservation, and to call attention to the importance of detailed acoustic analysis to distinguish cryptic species.

  3. RAILWAY INDUSTRY ROADMAP IN THE STATE OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Acires; Jonny C. DA SILVA; Heitor H. KAGUEIAMA; Carolina R. HADDAD; Mauricio URIONA M.; Álvaro G.R. LEZANA; Dante L. JULIATTO

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to identify the main requirements to strengthen the railroad industry in Santa Catarina by using technology roadmapping. The railway industry is composed of carriers, manufacturers, suppliers, operators, logistics, services and education. The survey aimed to provide guidelines for the Federation of the State of Santa Catarina Industry (FIESC) to develop its strategic plan for the next eight years. Based on the survey, the roadmap defined vision, mission, a list of key concep...

  4. Catarina

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    Celina Maria Araujo Tavares

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue comprender la realidad del cáncer ginecológico en el Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, a través del análisis documental de los datos del Sistema de Informaciones del Ministerio de la Salud. La metodología se apoyó en la epidemiología para analizar las series históricas. Los datos indicaron que existió un aumento en el número de los exámenes preventivos del cuello uterino, aunque, los resultados mostraron una escasa cobertura con relación a la baja productividad de los servicios públicos y una deficiencia en el registro de dichas informaciones. Los datos sobre el diagnóstico precoz de los tumores de mama, aún no se encontraban disponibles. Los números indicados según las Regionales de la Salud demostraron una gran diferencia en la cobertura de la población, en la prioridad política de los gestores, en la descentralización de las unidades de la colecta y con respecto a la relación entre los servicios y la población atendida, apuntando así, que los problemas gerenciales y técnicos dificultaron en la mejoría de la calidad de los servicios y en la disminución de los índices de la morbi-mortalidad.

  5. RAILWAY INDUSTRY ROADMAP IN THE STATE OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

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    Acires DIAS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identify the main requirements to strengthen the railroad industry in Santa Catarina by using technology roadmapping. The railway industry is composed of carriers, manufacturers, suppliers, operators, logistics, services and education. The survey aimed to provide guidelines for the Federation of the State of Santa Catarina Industry (FIESC to develop its strategic plan for the next eight years. Based on the survey, the roadmap defined vision, mission, a list of key concepts, drivers and actions for the Federation to support the railway industry development, since this industrial sector is still economically unrepresented when compared to other sectors in Santa Catarina. The survey also pointed out there is a strong expansion program of the railway freight and railway transport for people in Brazil, both in government and private sectors.

  6. Energy Balance of the Santa Catarina State - Series 1980 -1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This energy balance of the Santa Catarina State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: economic aspects; supply and demand of energy by source 1980-1996; energy consumption by sector 1980/1996; energy interchange; and balance of the transformation centers 1980/1996

  7. Sedimentary evolution of Rio do Rastro formation (permian-triassic of the Parana Basin) at central south portion of Santa Catarina State, Brazil; Evolucao sedimentar da Formacao Rio do Rastro (Permo-Triassico da Bacia do Parana) na porcao centro sul do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Warren, Lucas Verissimo; Roldan, Luis Fernando; Steiner, Samar dos Santos; Chamani, Marlei Antonio Carrari [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Programa de Pos Graduacao em Geoquimica e Geotectonica]. E-mail: lvwarren@yahoo.com; Almeida, Renato Paes de; Hachiro, Jorge; Machado, Romulo [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Dept. de Geologia Sedimentar e Ambiental

    2008-06-15

    Between the Late Carboniferous and the Early Triassic, the south portion of the Gondwana Supercontinent witnessed the development of intracratonic basins related with the coeval Sanrafaelic Orogeny. The continuous subsidence and consequent generation accommodation space resulted in the formation of a large confined water body and the accumulation of a transgressive regressive sequence between the Late Permian and the Early Triassic. The progradational nature of the upper portion of this sequence, represented by de Rio do Rasto e Piramboia formations, culminated with the complete filling of the water body. In the south-eastern portion of Santa Catarina State (Southern Brazil), the Rio do Rasto Formation overlies the Teresina formation and is overlain by the Piramboia formation, both contacts being characterized by lithological transition. The lower portion of the Rio do Rasto Formation is characterized by architectural elements deposited in offshore environments subject to storm action. A marked change of the color of the pelitic facies, from gray to red and purple occurs at the top of the unit. At this stratigraphic level, there is also a predominance of deltaic and eolian architectural elements. The intercalation of near shore and offshore architectural elements can be explained by the strong auto cyclic character expected in deltaic depositional systems and by the variation of relative rates of base-level rise. The occurrence of eolian architectural elements interbedded with subaquatically deposited sediments on the second third of the unit can be considered an evidence of continentalization to the top, materialized as the transition to the Piramboia desert system. (author)

  8. The Dom Feliciano belt in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A geological synthesis and a proposal for the geotectonic evolution of the precambrian to eopaleozoic terrains of the southern part of Santa Catarina state is presented. The methods utilized were conventional (field works, petrological studies and bibliographic analysis), including structural analysis, lithogeochemical and geochronological investigations. Over a hundred new radiometric determinations, using several methods some of which not yet available in Brazil, as U-Pb in zircon and Pb-Pb and Sm-Nd in whole rocks, are presented. The results allowed us to determine the emplacement epoch of granitoids and consequently the associated deformational phases. (author)

  9. Managing Agricultural Weather Risks in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    ARIAS CARBALLO, DIEGO; Leiva, Juan Jose; Sy, Abdoulaye; Traore, Nouhoum; Manfredi, Federico

    2013-01-01

    Agriculture plays an important role in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Most of its production depends on small family-owned farms, which are greatly exposed to climatic and price shocks. In order to help small farmers to manage risks, the federal and state governments have been carrying out several programs and measures to reduce and transfer agricultural risks. Santa Catarina ranks s...

  10. Pedotransfer functions to estimate retention and availability of water in soils of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    André da Costa; Jackson Adriano Albuquerque; Jaime Antônio de Almeida; Adriano da Costa; Rodrigo Vieira Luciano

    2013-01-01

    Studies on water retention and availability are scarce for subtropical or humid temperate climate regions of the southern hemisphere. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations of the soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties with water retention and availability for the generation and validation of continuous point pedotransfer functions (PTFs) for soils of the State of Santa Catarina (SC) in the South of Brazil. Horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in areas under diff...

  11. Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (Odonata, Corduliidae from northeastern Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Ângelo Parise Pinto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (holotype male deposited in MZSP: Brazil, Santa Catarina State, [São Bento do Sul municipality, 26°14'58"S, 49°22'59"W], [railroad station] Rio Vermelho, II.1952 is described and illustrated based on three males. The long cercus (2.9-3.2 mm places this species in the longistyla-group together with N. kiautai, N. longistyla and N. nitens but it differs from them mainly by the shape of cercus, with carinated part occupying 0.33 of cercus total length, and also by dorsal, ventro-medial and ventro-lateral tubercles developed. An unusual process on tergal portion of prothorax is reported for the first time in Navicordulia. The rate of description of new species of South American 'Corduliidae' is discussed. A map with records of Atlantic Forest Navicordulia species and a list of Brazilian corduliids by state are also presented.

  12. Energy rationalization in the ceramic industry of Santa Catarina State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work presents information about the energy consumption behavior, and modification on the specific energy consumption, of the ceramic industry of Santa Catarina, related to energy conservation programs coordinated on government level. Examples of some of the adopted solutions were also presented here, to illustrate their influence on the energy consumption and on the variation of the specific consumption. (author)

  13. Stratification of the state of Santa Catarina in macro-environments for bean cultivation

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    Juliano Garcia Bertoldo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to suggest a division of the State of Santa Catarina in macro-environments forexperimentation and bean production. Data of the traits grain yield and plant cycle were evaluated in 10 common beangenotypes grown in nine environments. The data were submitted to the Student-Newman Keuls test, to detect differencesbetween environments, and the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction, to predict the environmental values. The results showed: (adifferences between the regions of Santa Catarina for the traits grain yield and plant cycle, which had a significant positivecorrelation of 0.26 (b Based on the genotypes and environments studied the state can be divided in two macro-environments(MA1 and MA2 and four micro-environments (MI1, MI2, MI3 and MI4. The state of Santa Catarina may be roughly dividedin at least two macro-environments for the recommendation of new cultivars.

  14. Energy Balance of the Santa Catarina State - Series 1980 -1996; Balanco energetico do Estado de Santa Catarina - Serie 1980-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    This energy balance of the Santa Catarina State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: economic aspects; supply and demand of energy by source 1980-1996; energy consumption by sector 1980/1996; energy interchange; and balance of the transformation centers 1980/1996.

  15. The Brazilian Atlantic Forest gives way to other land uses in Santa Catarina state

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    Alexandre Siminski; Alfredo Celso Fantini

    2010-01-01

    Deforestation permits (1,753) submitted to the state environmental agency (Fatma) in Santa Catarina state, Brazil, were analyzed in order to establish the profile of applicants, the reasons for request, and the methodological characteristics of forest inventory. The results show that 71% of applications were from individuals, and the economic use of land was the major reason for requisition. Reforestation with exotic species was the greatest demand (43%), representing 22 thousand hectares. Ra...

  16. Snakes killed on the roads in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Roads cause diverse impacts to ecosystems, including habitat loss and fragmentation, alteration of the natural landscape and death of animals. However, little is known about the impact of this mortality on the animal populations. The snake fauna of the state of Santa Catarina is the least studied of southern Brazil. In this work we present data on 165 snakes of 38 species found dead on the roads of the state between 2003 and 2008, which corresponds to 50% of the snake species in relation to the expected occurrence for the state of Santa Catarina. The four most frequent species were Philodryas patagoniensis (n = 22; 13.33%, Liophis miliaris (n = 21; 12.72%, P. aestiva (n = 13; 7.87% and Bothrops jararaca (n = 12; 7.27%, which represent together about 41% of the snakes found dead on the roads. We extend the known distribution of Imantodes cenchoa by about 60km southward.

  17. Depositional setting, petrology and chemistry of Permian coals from the Paraná Basin: 2. South Santa Catarina Coalfield, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalkreuth, W.; Holz, M.; Mexias, A.; Balbinot, M.; Levandowski, J.; Willett, J.; Finkelman, R.; Burger, H.

    2010-01-01

    In Brazil economically important coal deposits occur in the southern part of the Paran?? Basin, where coal seams occur in the Permian Rio Bonito Formation, with major coal development in the states of Rio Grande de Sul and Santa Catarina. The current paper presents results on sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the coal-bearing strata, and petrological and geochemical coal seam characterization from the South Santa Catarina Coalfield, Paran?? Basin.In terms of sequence stratigraphic interpretation the precursor mires of the Santa Catarina coal seams formed in an estuarine-barrier shoreface depositional environment, with major peat accumulation in a high stand systems tract (Pre-Bonito and Bonito seams), a lowstand systems tract (Ponta Alta seam, seam A, seam B) and a transgressive systems tract (Irapu??, Barro Branco and Treviso seams).Seam thicknesses range from 1.70 to 2.39. m, but high proportions of impure coal (coaly shale and shaley coal), carbonaceous shale and partings reduce the net coal thickness significantly. Coal lithoypes are variable, with banded coal predominant in the Barro Branco seam, and banded dull and dull coal predominantly in Bonito and Irapu?? seams, respectively. Results from petrographic analyses indicate a vitrinite reflectance range from 0.76 to 1.63 %Rrandom (HVB A to LVB coal). Maceral group distribution varies significantly, with the Barro Branco seam having the highest vitrinite content (mean 67.5 vol%), whereas the Irapu?? seam has the highest inertinite content (33.8. vol%). Liptinite mean values range from 7.8. vol% (Barro Branco seam) to 22.5. vol% (Irapu?? seam).Results from proximate analyses indicate for the three seams high ash yields (50.2 - 64.2wt.%). Considering the International Classification of in-Seam Coals, all samples are in fact classified as carbonaceous rocks (>50wt.% ash). Sulfur contents range from 3.4 to 7.7 wt.%, of which the major part occurs as pyritic sulfur. Results of X-ray diffraction indicate the

  18. Mitochondrial discrimination of stingless bees Tetragonisca angustula (Apidae: Meliponini) from Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Koling, Diego Fagundes; Moretto, Geraldo

    2010-01-01

    The stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula is a meliponini bee naturally distributed from Argentina to Mexico. Morphologically, based on the mesepisternum color, it is separated into T. angustula angustula and T. angustula fiebrigi subspecies. The objective of this study was to characterize the restriction site variation in the mitochondrial DNA of each subspecies. Samples of worker bees were collected from two regions of Santa Catarina state, known as having a natural distribution of each subs...

  19. Antibody levels to hantavirus in inhabitants of western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    William Marciel de Souza; Alex Martins Machado; Geonildo Rodrigo Disner; Everton Boff; Aline Rafaela da Silva Rodrigues Machado; Michelly de Padua; Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo; Gustavo Borba de Miranda

    2012-01-01

    Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family Bunyaviridae, and is transmitted by aerosols of excreta of infected rodents. The aim of the present study was to determine antibody levels to hantavirus in the population that lives at frontier of Brazil and Argentina. Participated of the study 405 individuals living in the municipalities of Bandeirante, Santa Helena, Princesa and Tunapolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. IgG antibodies ...

  20. Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil: Relevant records and new localities

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    Evair Legal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available With the growing ornithological research in Santa Catarina, many localities have already acquired good knowledge about their avifauna, but, some groups of birds are still sub-sampled in most of these ornithological studies. This sub-sampling of certain avian groups, such as the nocturnal (Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes, may prejudice the evaluation of occurrence status and population state of these species. Thus, we present records of seven Strigiformes species (Megascops sanctaecatarinae, Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana, Strix hylophila, S. virgata, Glaucidium minutissimum, G. brasilianum and Asio stygius and six Caprimulgiformes (Nyctibius griseus, Podager nacunda, Nyctidromus albicollis, Caprimulgus sericocaudatus, C. longirostris and Macropsalis forcipata observed in our studies, and all the species presented here were recorded in at least one unprecedented location in Santa Catarina.

  1. Physical and sanitary quality of soybean seeds produced in the state of Santa Catarina

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    Volmir Frandoloso

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Soybean production accounts for approximately 43% of Brazil’s grain produce, worth over 81 million tons for the 2012- 2013 cropping season. The use of quality seeds is essential for a high-yield agriculture, since low quality seeds compromise plant standing and increase production costs due to reseeding. This will in turn reduce yields through delays on the establishment dates. Seed quality is affected by relative humidity levels, mechanical damage during harvest and processing, thermal damage during the drying process and the environmental conditions during storage that could foster insect and fungi damage. The climate in the state of Santa Catarina favors soybean seed production, and seed companies in general work with high levels of technology. This work is aimed at characterizing the physical and sanitary quality of soybean seeds produced by different companies at different locations throughout the state of Santa Catarina (municipalities of Xanxerê, Abelardo Luz, Campos Novos and Canoinhas. The physical purity, moisture level, sanitary quality and mechanical damage of soybean seeds were studied at three stages, i.e. reception at the seed processing unit, at the end of the processing process and before being marketed. Results pointed out at mechanical injury and cultivar mixture as the main issues concerning seed lot quality, and that soybean seeds produced in Santa Catarina show pathogen contamination, which emphasizes the need for seed treatment.

  2. Representações sociais da água em Santa Catarina Representaciones sociales del agua en Santa Catarina Social representation of water in Santa Catarina State

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    Gislei Mocelin Polli; Ariane Kuhnen; Eliza Gonçalves de Azevedo; Jamile Fantin; Roberta Ferreira Gasparino da Silva

    2009-01-01

    Preocupações ambientais, entre elas problemas relacionados à água, estão cada vez mais presentes na sociedade contemporânea. Nesta pesquisa buscou-se conhecer as representações sociais da água em comunidades rurais de Santa Catarina. Este é um dos subprojetos do programa Tecnologias Sociais para Gestão da Água, patrocinado pela Petrobrás Ambiental. Para este estudo houve aplicação de instrumento de evocações livres, tendo como termo indutor "Água". As respostas foram tratadas pelos programas ...

  3. Snakes killed on the roads in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.; Tobias Saraiva Kunz

    2009-01-01

    Roads cause diverse impacts to ecosystems, including habitat loss and fragmentation, alteration of the natural landscape and death of animals. However, little is known about the impact of this mortality on the animal populations. The snake fauna of the state of Santa Catarina is the least studied of southern Brazil. In this work we present data on 165 snakes of 38 species found dead on the roads of the state between 2003 and 2008, which corresponds to 50% of the snake species in relation to t...

  4. Representações sociais da água em Santa Catarina Representaciones sociales del agua en Santa Catarina Social representation of water in Santa Catarina State

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    Gislei Mocelin Polli

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Preocupações ambientais, entre elas problemas relacionados à água, estão cada vez mais presentes na sociedade contemporânea. Nesta pesquisa buscou-se conhecer as representações sociais da água em comunidades rurais de Santa Catarina. Este é um dos subprojetos do programa Tecnologias Sociais para Gestão da Água, patrocinado pela Petrobrás Ambiental. Para este estudo houve aplicação de instrumento de evocações livres, tendo como termo indutor "Água". As respostas foram tratadas pelos programas Evoc e Similitude 2000 e analisadas a partir da teoria do núcleo central. Os resultados indicam que a água é compreendida como essencial à vida, ligada à saúde e de necessária preservação. A sustentabilidade também é suscitada, pois a água é considerada essencial à sobrevivência. Seu uso em atividades cotidianas também foi considerado. Elementos como poluição, economia e escassez indicam preocupação com o que vem acontecendo em relação ao recurso e com a necessidade de preservá-lo.Preocupaciones ambientales, entre ellos problemas relacionados al agua, están cada vez más presentes en la sociedad. En esta investigación se buscó conocer las representaciones sociales del agua en comunidades rurales de Santa Catarina. Este es uno de los proyectos subordinados al Programa: Tecnologías Sociales para la Gestión del Agua, patrocinado por la Petrobras Ambiental. Para este estudio fue aplicado un instrumento de evocación libre, teniendo como término inductor "Agua". Las respuestas fueron procesadas por los programas Evoc y Similitude 2000, y analisadas a partir de la teoría del núcleo central. Los resultados indican que el agua es entendida como escencial para la vida, ligada a la salud, y necesita ser preservada. La sustentabilidad también es considerada, pues el agua es considerada esencial para la sobrevivencia. El uso del recurso en actividades cotidianas también fue considerado. Elementos como polución, econom

  5. Accidental capture of vertebrates in small mammal studies in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This report contains a list of vertebrate species caught accidentally by live-traps while conducting capture and recapture studies with small mammals in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. Twentytwo terrestrial vertebrate species were registered: two amphibians, four reptiles, thirteen birds and three mammals. The use of vegetable baits as attractive smells, for example banana and peanut butter, was of great value in terms of the capture of a great diversity of species belonging to a wide range of feeding habitats, including insectivores and carnivores, probably attracted by arthropods that had fed on the baits.

  6. Analysis of the Structural Lineaments in the Domo de Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Using Satellite Images and Shaded Relief Maps

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    Luis Fernando Roldan; Rômulo Machado; Samar dos Santos Steiner; Lucas Veríssimo Warren

    2010-01-01

    This work focuses on the study of structural lineaments in the Domo de Lages region, central-south area of SantaCatarina State, and their relationship with the different stratigraphic units of the Paraná Basin that are present in this area.The lineaments were interpreted from Landsat and shaded relief images, using geoprocessing techniques. The results showstructural lineaments with NW, NNE, NE, ENE and E-W trends. The larger lineaments (4 - 50 km) were interpreted usingshaded relief maps, wh...

  7. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon dating of Pedras Grandes Suite, southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Andréa R. Jelinek

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Two major magmatic pulses of the granitic Florianópolis Batholith in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, occurred between 613±5Ma and 595±5 Ma, during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano Cycle. These ages were obtained by U-Pb isotopic determinations with the sensitive high mass-resolution ion microprobe on igneous zircons from Pedras Grandes Suite in Santa Catarina State. Euhedral zircons remained unaltered close to a fluorite vein deposited at 180?C or more. These ages suggest a northern limit for the Pedras Grandes Suite, explaining the spatial relationship between the fluorite veins and the source rock.Dois dos principais pulsos da atividade granítica no Batólito Florianópolis em Santa Catarina ocorreram entre 613 ±5 Ma e 595 ±5 Ma, durante o Neoproterozóico do Ciclo Brasiliano. Estas idades foram obtidas a partir dedeterminações isotópicas U-Pb em cristais de zircão da Suite Pedras Grandes por "Sensitive high-resolution íon microprobe" - SHRIMP II. Os cristais de zircão permaneceram inalterados mesmo mediante condições hidrotermais com temperaturas iguais e, até mesmo, superiores a 180ºC. Estas idades sugerem a delimitação norte do Maciço Pedras Grandes, explicando a relação espacial existente entre os filões de fluorita e a rocha fonte destas mineralizações.

  8. Pedotransfer functions to estimate retention and availability of water in soils of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    André da Costa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Studies on water retention and availability are scarce for subtropical or humid temperate climate regions of the southern hemisphere. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations of the soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties with water retention and availability for the generation and validation of continuous point pedotransfer functions (PTFs for soils of the State of Santa Catarina (SC in the South of Brazil. Horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in areas under different cover crops and regions of SC, to determine: field capacity (FC, 10 kPa, permanent wilting point (PWP, 1,500 kPa, available water content (AW, by difference, saturated hydraulic conductivity, bulk density, aggregate stability, particle size distribution (seven classes, organic matter content, and particle density. Chemical and mineralogical properties were obtained from the literature. Spearman's rank correlation analysis and path analysis were used in the statistical analyses. The point PTFs for estimation of FC, PWP and AW were generated for the soil surface and subsurface through multiple regression analysis, followed by robust regression analysis, using two sets of predictive variables. Soils with finer texture and/or greater organic matter content retain more moisture, and organic matter is the property that mainly controls the water availability to plants in soil surface horizons. Path analysis was useful in understanding the relationships between soil properties for FC, PWP and AW. The predictive power of the generated PTFs to estimate FC and PWP was good for all horizons, while AW was best estimated by more complex models with better prediction for the surface horizons of soils in Santa Catarina.

  9. Running over of mammals on roads of Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil

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    Anderson Martins

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Road deaths represent a factor of great impact on fauna. This is probably one of the main causes of mortality, even for threatened species. However, studies on this subject are unknown in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Considering this lack, the present study presents records of medium to large-sized mammals killed by vehicles on the roads of this state between August 2000 and November 2005. In total, 257 records were made from 20 mammal species, most of which were obtained from the BR 116, BR 282 and BR 470 highways. Cerdocyon thous was the commonest species (82 records; 31.9%, followed by Didelphis albiventris (44; 17.1%, Procyon cancrivorus (21; 8.2%, Conepatus chinga (19; 7.4%, Dasypus novemcinctus (14; 5.4%, Tamandua tetradactyla (14; 5.4% and Sphiggurus villosus (13; 5.1%. Leopardus tigrinus (5; 1.9%, L. wiedii (1; 0.4% and one unidentified Leopardus individual were recorded as threatened species. This indicates a high number of mammals run over on the roads of Santa Catarina state, and hence the necessity of specific studies on this subject and the construction of tunnels and fences for animal passage.

  10. Estrutura de uma floresta brejosa em substrato turfoso, Sul de Santa Catarina, Brasil Structure of a swamp forests on peat substrates, south of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Rafael Martins

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se descrever a diversidade e a estrutura do componente lenhoso de uma floresta brejosa em substrato turfoso no sul do Estado de Santa Catarina, correlacionando dados florísticos com variáveis ambientais. Indivíduos com DAP ≥ 5 cm foram amostrados em 100 parcelas de 10 x 10 m em um quadrado permanente de 1 ha. As variáveis ambientais foram classificadas em topográficas, químicas e texturais do solo e de luminosidade. Correlações espécie-ambiente foram obtidas por Análise de Correspondência Canônica (CCA. Comparações florísticas foram realizadas por análise de agrupamento (UPGMA e análise de correspondência. A diversidade específica foi considerada baixa, pois foram amostradas apenas 26 espécies. A CCA evidenciou que as variáveis ambientais mensuradas possuem pouca influência na distribuição das espécies, ressaltando assim sua adaptação ao ambiente anóxico, fortemente limitante. Dados de similaridade demonstraram que o substrato turfoso age como um filtro ambiental adicional, além do estresse hídrico, na composição de espécies nas formações turfosas/brejosas.This study aimed to describe the diversity and structure of woody vegetation of a swamp forests on peat substrate in the southern state of Santa Catarina, correlating floristic data with environmental variables. Individuals with DBH < 5 cm were sampled in 100 plots of 10 x 10 m in one hectare squared plot. Environmental variables are classified in topographical, chemical and soil texture and light availability. Species-environment correlations were obtained by Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA. Floristic comparisons were performed by cluster (UPGMA and correspondence analysis. Diversity was considered low because of the occurrence only 26 species in the whole sample. The CCA revealed that the measured variables have little influence on the distribution of species, highlighting the adaptation of these strong limiting environment. Similarity

  11. The burden of disease due to tuberculosis in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Glenio Cesar Nunes Ferrer

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of disease due to tuberculosis in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009. METHODS: This was an epidemiological study with an ecological design. Data on tuberculosis incidence and mortality were collected from specific Brazilian National Ministry of Health databases. The burden of disease due to tuberculosis was based on the calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs. The DALYs were estimated by adding the years of life lost (YLLs and years lived with disability (YLDs. Absolute values were transformed into rates per 100,000 population. The rates were calculated by gender, age group, and health care macroregion. RESULTS: The burden of disease due to tuberculosis was 5,644.27 DALYs (92.25 DALYs/100,000 population, YLLs and YLDs respectively accounting for 78.77% and 21.23% of that total. The highest rates were found in males in the 30-44 and 45-59 year age brackets, although that was not true in every health care macroregion. Overall, the highest estimated burden was in the Planalto Norte macroregion (179.56 DALYs/100,000 population, followed by the Nordeste macroregion (167.07 DALYs/100,000 population. CONCLUSIONS: In the majority of the health care macroregions of Santa Catarina, the burden of disease due to tuberculosis was concentrated in adult males, the level of that concentration varying among the various macroregions.

  12. 75 FR 69851 - Changes in Disease Status of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina With Regard to Certain...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... vesicular disease, classical swine fever, and African swine fever. We are also adding Santa Catarina to the... disease, classical swine fever, and African swine fever while continuing to protect the United States from...-mouth disease (FMD), African swine fever (ASF), classical swine fever (CSF), and swine vesicular...

  13. em Santa Catarina

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    Lígia Helena Hahn Lüchmann

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to analyze the capacity of inclusion of the poorer sectors of the population in the processes of participative experiences, taking as empirical reference some data on the profile of the representatives and political participants in different spheres of Brazilian political performance (in special, the managing councils of public policies and Participative Budgets - PBs anchored, more specifically, on the data of cities in Santa Catarina State (south of Brazil. A brief discussion on the political participation is carried on in the beginning, rescuing the main theoretical sources of this debate, followed by a presentation of some empirical data regarding the social economical profile (focusing the data of income and scholar of the political representatives in the experiences analyzed herein. Finaly, we formulate some possible theoretical explanations for the differences found in the profile of the participants of the managing councils and PBs.

  14. Magnetometry, radiometry and gammaspectrometry of the Janjao diatreme, Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic, radiometric and gamma spectrometric surveys have been carried out on the Janjao diatreme which outcrops near Lajes in central-east Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The body is deeply weathered on the surface and its concentrates contain serpentinized olivine, phlogopote, pyroxenes, ilmenites, garnet and zircon. The interpretation of the magnetic anomaly revealed an irregular diatreme whose main dimensions are 50 X 190 meters. A vertical to subvertical dyke cuts the main diatreme. The radiometric anomaly as well as the potassium content helped to delineate the contacts between the diatreme and its country rocks (sandstones). Faults striking NNE controlled the emplacement of the Janjao diatreme as well as the intrusion of an alkaline dyke located near the diatreme. (Author)

  15. HIV genotyping among female sex workers in the State of Santa Catarina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuelter-Trevisol, Fabiana; da Silva, Marcos Vinicius; Oliveira, Cristina M; Rodrigues, Rosângela

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of HIV infection among female sex workers in the port area of Imbituba (State of Santa Catarina), and to identify the viral subtype and its susceptibility to antiretroviral medications. Ninety women were interviewed between December 2003 and February 2004. Six (6.7%) were HIV-positive. Genotyping for HIV, performed on four samples, detected subtype C in three of them, which is predominant in Africa and Asia, and subtype B in one of them, which is prevalent in Brazil, USA and Europe. The results suggest that the Port of Imbituba may be one of the gateways for HIV-1 subtype C to enter Brazil, and for its dissemination to the rest of the country and the Mercosul area, along the highway BR-101. This points towards the need for preventive work to reduce the introduction and dissemination of HIV subtype C in Brazil. PMID:17653456

  16. Arsenic content of soils from three regions of Santa Catarina State

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    Leticia Cristina de Souza

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The determination of trace elements is necessary in order to monitor their entry into the soil system and to remediate contaminated areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural content of arsenic (As in soils of three regions of Santa Catarina State (SC: the Southern Plateau, the Metropolitan area and the Southern Coast. Arsenic content was obtained after digestion in a microwave oven, following the USEPA 3051 A protocol and quantification was made by atomic absorption spectrometry with electrothermal atomization. The results were analyzed by the Scott-Knott test at a 5% significance level. Soil attributes that best correlated with arsenic content were clay, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity and Al and Fe oxides. The arsenic levels are related to the source material and the slope of regional soils.

  17. Antibody levels to hantavirus in inhabitants of western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    William Marciel de Souza

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family Bunyaviridae, and is transmitted by aerosols of excreta of infected rodents. The aim of the present study was to determine antibody levels to hantavirus in the population that lives at frontier of Brazil and Argentina. Participated of the study 405 individuals living in the municipalities of Bandeirante, Santa Helena, Princesa and Tunapolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. IgG antibodies to hantavirus were analyzed in sera by an ELISA that uses a recombinant N protein of Araraquara hantavirus as antigen. The results were also confirmed by immunofluorescent test. Eight individuals showed antibodies to hantavirus (1.97% positivity, with serum titers ranging from 100 to 800. Six seropositives were males, older than 30 years and farmers. Our results reinforce previous data on hantavirus circulation and human infections in the southern border of Brazil with Argentina.

  18. Environmental Sustainability: Study an Institution of Higher Education Public of the State of Santa Catarina

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    Stephanie Kalynka Rocha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper has the general objective of analyzing the environmental sustainability of an Institution of Higher Education (IHE Public of the State of Santa Catarina. To meet this objective has to reach the specific objectives: to check the number of IHEs in Brazil and Santa Catarina; to identify the number of public and private institutions and to propose a management model 5W2H to deficit sustainability criteria. The methodology and the objectives considered descriptive, with the technical procedures has the case study and the approach problem qualitative. The methodology is divided into three phases: the first phase it is the theoretical basis, it approaches social and environmental responsibility; environmental management and environmental management system. In the second phase it is the analysis of the results where first there was the amount of IHE and distribution in administrative categories. In the third phase, it has been the purpose of responding to a checklist of 154 questions developed by Pieri et al (2011 and Environmental Management Plan Summary (5W2H. In the end it is concluded that the institution submitted a global sustainability index of 32 %, being regarded as weak, proposing with the 5W2H tool, an action for each criterion, as the inclusion of recyclable products in acquisitions; recycling of waste; accessibility to the handicapped; and creating actions that approximates the IHE to the society. It is hoped that the proposed actions that the institution to put them into practice, increase the environmental sustainability index, benefiting society and the environment.

  19. Conidiobolomicose causada por Conidiobolus lamprauges em ovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina Conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Fernando Henrique Furlan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se um surto de conidiobolomicose em ovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina. O surto ocorreu entre os meses de dezembro e março de 2006, no município de Santo Amaro da Imperatriz, região litorânea do Estado. A propriedade possuía 75 ovinos da raça Santa Inês e seis desses animais adoeceram. Clinicamente os animais doentes apresentavam dificuldade respiratória, corrimento nasal seroso a mucossanguinolento e, por vezes exolftalmia. Na necropsia verificou-se uma massa amarelada na região etmoidal e adjacências que, às vezes, atingia os linfonodos regionais, cérebro, globo ocular e pleura. Microscopicamente a massa caracterizava-se por infiltrado inflamatório granulomatoso com áreas necróticas associadas a hifas largas pouco ramificadas. Através de exame molecular detectou-se DNA de Conidiobolus lamprauges. Os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos, macroscópicos, microscópicos e moleculares caracterizam a conidiobolomicose causada por Conidiobolus lamprauges em ovinos.An outbreak of conidiobolomycosis affecting sheep in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil is reported. The disease occurred in six Santa Inês breed sheep from a flock of 75 during the rainy season. Common clinical signs were noisy respiration and dyspnea, serous to mucosanguineous nasal discharge and exophthalmus. At necropsy there was a dense yellow mass in the nasopharyngeal area affecting the ethmoidal region, turbinate bones and occasionally limph nodes, central nervous system and pleura. Histopathologycally there was multifocal granulomas whith an eosinophilic necrotic reaction containing ribbon type hyphae similar to zygomycetous fungi. At molecular examination Conidiobolus lamprauges DNA was detected. The clinical, epidemiological, macroscopical, microscopical and molecular aspects characterize conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep.

  20. Mortalidade por aborto no Estado de Santa Catarina - 1996 a 2005 Mortalidad materna asociada al aborto en el Estado de Santa Catarina - 1996 a 2005 Abortion mortality in the Santa Catarina State from 1996 to 2005

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    Maria de Lourdes de Souza

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A mortalidade materna associada ao aborto revela as condições sociais da mulher. Este estudo, exploratório-descritivo, tem o objetivo de identificar o perfil das mulheres que tiveram morte associada ao aborto no Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 1996 a 2005. As fontes para a coleta dos dados foram: o Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e o Sistema de Informações sobre os Nascidos Vivos, do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. Foram encontradas 31 mortes maternas associadas ao aborto; destas, 51,61% ocorreram em mulheres casadas; 38,71% das mulheres tinham de 1 a 8 anos de escolaridade, e para 48,39% o grau de instrução foi registrado como ignorado. Os dois valores mais elevados da razão de mortalidade materna foram encontrados na Região Oeste, 5,148, e na Região Norte, 4,761.La mortalidad materna asociada al aborto revela las condiciones sociales de la mujer. El objetivo de este estudio exploratorio descriptivo es identificar el perfil de la mujer con muerte asociada al aborto en el estado de Santa Catarina, en el período de 1996 hasta 2005. Las fuentes para la colecta de los datos fueron el Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mortalidad y el Sistema de Informaciones sobre los Nacidos Vivos, del Ministerio de la Salud de Brasil. Fueron analizadas 31 muertes maternas asociadas al aborto, de estas 51,61% ocurrieron en mujeres casadas; 38,71% tenían de 1 a 8 años de escolaridad, y 48,39% grado de instrucción ignorado. En la región Oeste del estado fue observada la razón de mortalidad materna de 5,148, seguida de la Región Norte con 4,761.The Maternal Mortality associated with abortion reveals woman social conditions in life. The goal of this exploratory and descriptive study is to identify the profile of women who have had death associated with abortion in the Santa Catarina State during the period of 1996 to 2005. The source of data collection was the Information System on Mortality and the Information System of Live Newborns

  1. New record of the King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Aves, Cathartiformes in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and considerations about its conservation status

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    Fernando Rodrigo Tortato

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa occurs from Mexico to Uruguay, in northern Argentina, and throughout Brazil where it is more frequent in the northern region. The species is rare in Santa Catarina State, with 11 known records. This work reports a recent record of the King Vulture in the Doutor Pedrinho municipality in Santa Catarina State, and contributes to the knowledge about the conservation status and ocurrence of this bird in southern Brazil.

  2. New record of the King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Aves, Cathartiformes) in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and considerations about its conservation status

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Rodrigo Tortato; Adrian Eisen Rupp

    2007-01-01

    The King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa occurs from Mexico to Uruguay, in northern Argentina, and throughout Brazil where it is more frequent in the northern region. The species is rare in Santa Catarina State, with 11 known records. This work reports a recent record of the King Vulture in the Doutor Pedrinho municipality in Santa Catarina State, and contributes to the knowledge about the conservation status and ocurrence of this bird in southern Brazil.

  3. Rate air Kerma entrance skin of patients undergoing hemodynamic procedures in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of the measured values of the skin entrance Air Kerma Rate in patients submitted to hemodynamic procedures, in the State of Santa Catarina, using as limit values set by the International Basic Safety Standards Guide, published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ), and comparing them to the limits established by the Ordinance No. 453/1998. Tests were performed to measure the rate of Kerma skin entrance in 13 hemodynamic equipment in 10 hospitals in the state of Santa Catarina, between January 2011 and December 2012, in hemodynamic operated through fluoroscopy mode. Among the evaluated equipment, 77% disagree with the limits established in the International Basic Safety Standards, however, if compared the values of the Air Kerma rate obtained with the limit established by Ordinance No. 453, 100% of the devices are approved. The results obtained in this paper suggest the need for revision of the Ordinance No. 453/1998, by the regulatory agencies. (author)

  4. Prevalence of serum antibodies to hantavirus in a rural population from the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Gregório Wrublevski Pereira

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Rodent-borne hantaviruses cause severe human diseases. We completed a serological survey of hantavirus infection in rural inhabitants of Turvo County, in the southern State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in which seropositivity for hantavirus was correlated to previous disease in the participants. METHODS: The levels of IgG antibodies to hantavirus Araraquara in the sera of 257 individuals were determined using an immunoenzymatic assay. RESULTS: IgG antibodies to hantavirus were found in 2.3% of the participants. All seropositive participants reported previous disease with symptoms suggestive of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Human infections causing unreported cardiopulmonary syndrome probably occur in the southern State of Santa Catarina.

  5. Autochthonous Chagas' disease in Santa Catarina State, Brazil: report of the first case of digestive tract involvement

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    Maegawa Felipe Antonio Boff

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the first case of digestive tract pathology (megaesophagus determined by Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. A 63-year- old female had presumptive clinical diagnosis of Chagas' disease, which was confirmed by imaging (endoscopy and esophagogram and immunological methods. Further molecular diagnosis was carried out with esophagus and blood samples collected during corrective surgery. Polymerase chain reaction tested positive for Trypanosoma cruzi in both esophagus and buffy coat samples.

  6. Visions of development and environmental values in the municipal councils of Itajaí Middle Valley, Santa Catarina State

    OpenAIRE

    Cleci Teresinha Noara; Luciano Felix Florit

    2009-01-01

    This paper began in November 2006, it deals with environmental values the councils of environment of Blumenau and Indaial on the middle Vale of Itajaí, Santa Catarina State. The objective was to identify and to analyze the environment values and interests that permeate the practice of these councils. The subject becomes relevant because the theorical sources are scarces, data-collecting interviews, comments bibliographical and documentary. The results demonstrate even though the council membe...

  7. Entanglements of right whales, Eubalaena australis (Cetacea, Mysticeti), in the 2010 breeding season in Santa Catarina state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Mônica Pontalti; Mônica Danielski

    2011-01-01

    Right whales (Eubalaena australis) have been suffering with anthropogenic activities such as pollution, marine traffic and entanglement in fishing nets. The entanglement of right whales grows each breeding season on the southern coast of Santa Catarina state, and can cause strands and even death. During the 2010 breeding season, six entanglements among immature and adult whales were recorded. In most of the cases, the whales kept swimming slowly and didn’t want to approximate the whale watchi...

  8. Leadership in nursing: An experience of hospital nurses in the south of Santa Catarina/SC.

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    Dalila Felipe Bitencourt

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative research using the case study, it’s order to understand the vision of nurses in a hospital in the southern of Santa Catarina/SC about their experience as leaders of nursing team. Participants were ten nurses working in this role. Data collection was performed in the hospital, between the months of May and June 2012, using the technique of semi-structured interview, based on the guiding question of the study. The analysis of data was performed qualitative and comprised the organization, classification and final analysis. The results show that most nurses do not feel prepared to exercise a leading role, which derives, in most cases, the lack of academic preparation, institutional issues and the reasons inherent in early stage, especially insecurity. The professionals working in other categories of nursing at the same institution need to learn to position themselves against the new post, especially in dealing with colleagues who are now under his leadership. While most have expressed difficulties in the process of transition between academia and professional life were identified that professionals are clear about the roles, skills and abilities necessary for leadership. It is also noted that nurses feel that in some situations they cannot exercise their leadership in the way they consider most appropriate.

  9. Incidence of tuberculous meningitis in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Cíntia Helena de Souza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of tuberculous meningitis in the State of Santa Catarina (SC, Brazil, during the period from 2001 to 2010. Methods Ecological, temporal, and descriptive methods were employed using data obtained from the Information System on Disease Notification (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. Results One hundred sixteen reported cases of tuberculous meningitis occurred from 2001 to 2010, corresponding to 1.2% (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants of all meningitis cases reported in SC. There was a predominance of new cases in males, corresponding to 56.9% of new cases (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants; males vs. females; p=0.374, in patients aged 20-39 years, corresponding to 52.6% of new cases (0.5 cases/100,000 inhabitants; 20-39 years versus others; p<0.001, and in urban areas, corresponding to 91.4% of new cases (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants; urban vs. rural; p=0.003. In 48.3% of cases, the outcome was death. Conclusions The incidence rate of tuberculous meningitis in SC has increased within the last decade, with the most affected population comprising young adult white males with an average education. Thus, tuberculous meningitis remains a serious disease, emphasizing the need for disease prevention with vaccination campaigns against tuberculosis, the development of faster and more accurate diagnostic methods, and the use of current epidemiological knowledge regarding the disease to facilitate the establishment of early treatment.

  10. Structural analysis and magmatism characterization of the Major Gercino shear zone, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describes the geometric and kinematic characteristics of the Major Gercino Shear Zone (MGSZ) in the Canelinha-Garcia area. This shear zone is one of the major lineaments that affect all southern Brazilian precambrian terrains. In Santa Catarina State, it separates, along its whole extension, the supracrustal rocks of the Brusque belt (northern part) from the Granitoid belt (southern). This zone is characterized by a regional NE trend and a dextral sense of movement where ductile-brittle structures predominate. The MGSZ is composed of two mylonitic belts separated by granitoid rocks probably associated to the development of the shear zone. Both shear zones show cataclastic to ultra mylonitic rocks, but mylonites and protomylonites conditions at high strain rate. The calc-alkaline granitoids present in the area can be grouped in two granitoid associations with meta to peraluminous affinities. The Rolador Granitoid Association is characterized by grayish porphyritic biotite-monzogranites and the Fernandes Granitoid Association by coarsed-grained to porphyritic pinkish amphibole-syenogranites. The U-Pb and Rb-Sr ages range from 670 to 590 Ma with the Sr87 / Sr86 initial ratios suggesting a crustal contribution in the generation of these rocks. The importance of the pure shear component is also emphasized by the results of the Fry method. Many z axes of the strain ellipses are at high angle to the shear foliation. Symmetric porphyroclasts also corroborate this hypothesis. The micaceous minerals formed during the shear development indicate K-Ar ages around 555 ± 15 Ma. Brittle reactivations of the shear zone have been placed by K-Ar in fine-fraction materials at Triassic time (215 ± 15 Ma.)

  11. Assessment of the genotoxic impact of pesticides on farming communities in the countryside of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Jaqueli Salvagni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the use of pesticides on farms located in the Lambedor River watershed in Guatambu, State of Santa Catarina, as well as to determine, by micronucleus testing, the risk of genotoxic impact. Samples from locally collected Cyprinus carpio, Hypostomus punctatus, Rhamdia quelen and Oreochromis niloticus gave evidence of a mean increase in micronuclei frequency from 6.21 to 13.78 in 1,000 erythrocytes, a clear indication of the genotoxic potenciality of pesticide residues in regional dams, and their significant contribution to local environmental contamination.

  12. Entanglements of right whales, Eubalaena australis (Cetacea, Mysticeti, in the 2010 breeding season in Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Mônica Pontalti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Right whales (Eubalaena australis have been suffering with anthropogenic activities such as pollution, marine traffic and entanglement in fishing nets. The entanglement of right whales grows each breeding season on the southern coast of Santa Catarina state, and can cause strands and even death. During the 2010 breeding season, six entanglements among immature and adult whales were recorded. In most of the cases, the whales kept swimming slowly and didn’t want to approximate the whale watching boat. Fishing activities in the area during the right whale breeding season need to be regularized to avoid conflicts and injuries to the whales.

  13. Distribuição de Biomphalaria (Gastropoda, Planorbidae nos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina, Brasil The distribution of Biomphalaria (Gastropoda, Planorbidae in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina States, Brazil

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    Horacio Manuel Santana Teles

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available É apresentada análise dos conhecimentos sobre a biogeografia das espécies de Biomphalaria transmissoras de Schistosoma mansoni, abrangendo os Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina (Brasil bem como o relato do encontro de novas localidades colonizadas pelos planorbídeos. Comenta possibilidade da expansão da esquistossomose ao sul do Brasil.An analysis to determine new localities colonized by the intermediate snail hosts (B. straminea, B. tenagophila and B. tenagophila tenagophila of Schistosoma mansoni from Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina States (Brazil was carried out. As regards the geographical distribuition of the schistosomiasis vector, the possible extension of the endemic disease to Southernmost Brazil is commented on.

  14. Bromeliad-associated mosquitoes from Atlantic forest in Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil (Diptera, Culicidae, with new records for the State of Santa Catarina Mosquitos associados a bromélias em Mata Atlântica na Ilha de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil (Diptera, Culicidae, com novos registros para o Estado de Santa Catarina

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    Gerson Azulim Müller

    Full Text Available Bromeliad-associated mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae in Atlantic Forest in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, were studied, examining plants of Vriesea philippocoburgi Wawra and Aechmea lindenii (E. Morren Baker var. lindenii at secondary Atlantic rain forest, and A. lindenii and Vriesea friburgensis Mez var. paludosa (L. B. Smith at "restinga" per month, during 12 months. No immature forms of mosquitoes were collected from A. lindenii in the secondary forest. Collections obtained 368 immature mosquitoes, none of them from A. lindenii from rain forest. Culex (Microculex spp. constituted 79.8% of the total, Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia spp. 17.93%, and Anopheles (Kerteszia cruzii (Dyar & Knab, 1908 only 1.36%. The study shows the great predominance of species of medical importance not yet proved, and the small number of immature stages of anopheline mosquitoes. The rainfall, but not the mean temperatures, significantly influenced the quantity of mosquitoes from V. philippocoburgi. Significant differences between the quantities of immature forms of all the bromeliad species were found, and the shape of the plants could be important to the abundance of mosquitoes. All six species of Cx. (Microculex found are recorded for the first time in the State of Santa Catarina, and all six species of Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia are recorded for the first time in bromeliads in this state.Mosquitos (Diptera: Culicidae associados a bromélias em Mata Atlântica na Ilha de Santa Catarina, no Estado de Santa Catarina, foram estudados. Foram examinadas mensalmente plantas de Vriesea philippocoburgi Wawra e Aechmea lindenii (E. Morren Baker var. lindenii de floresta atlântica pluvial ombrófila e A. lindenii e Vriesea friburgensis Mez var. paludosa (L. B. Smith de restinga, durante 12 meses. As coletas resultaram em 368 formas imaturas de mosquitos, sendo que nenhuma foi coletada em A. lindenii de mata ombrófila. Culex (Microculex spp. constituíram 79,8% do total

  15. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquale Contestabile; Vincenzo Ferrante; Diego Vicinanza

    2015-01-01

    Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bri...

  16. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C markers among children and adolescents in the south brazilian region: metropolitan area of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina

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    Andréia Royer Voigt

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis B and C are important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health, about 15% of population is infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV and less than 1% by hepatitis C virus (HCV. Nevertheless, the age-specific prevalence of HBV and HCV markers remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV markers of infection and immunity in children and adolescents between 10 to 16 years old who live in the metropolitan area of Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, South of Brazil. Three hundred and eighty four individuals were enrolled in this study. Serological markers for HBV and HCV (HBsAg, total anti-HBc, anti-HBc IgM, anti-HBs and anti-HCV were determined through Microparticle Enzyme Immunosorbant Assay (MEIA - AxSYM System® - by using commercial diagnostic kits (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA. All 384 adolescents (100% were negative for HBsAg and anti-HBc IgM. Only two (0.52% were positive for total anti-HBc. Among the studied individuals, 226 (58.85% presented titers of anti-HBs > 10.0mIU/mL, 121 (31.51% presented anti HBs < 10.0mIU/mL, and 37 (9.64% did not present titers of anti-HBs. Regarding to anti-HCV, all 384 adolescents (100% presented negative results for this marker. In conclusion, this study showed a low prevalence of HBV and HCV infections. In addition, it was verified a great number of children and adolescents (89.84% who were positive for the immunity marker anti-HBs, implying that the National Immunization Program Protocol for hepatitis B has been effective in the studied region.

  17. CARBON STOCK IN SOIL UNDER DIFFERENT FOREST FORMATIONS, CHAPECÓ, SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Rosiane Berenice Nicoloso Denardin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509813323The adoption of management practices that ensure the stability of soil organic matter also maintain the stabilityor quantitative increase of carbon (C in the lithosphere, reducing the amount of CO2 in theatmosphere. You can also minimize the losses of C to the atmosphere by using conservation practices,or using cover crops to keep the soil C stocks, and the forest cover are considered great abductionand forest systems considered large reservoirs of C. This work was performed on a property located inChapecó, Santa Catarina state, where soils were sampled from different forest formations distributedin a homogeneous soil range. The local climate is mesothermal, rainy, and the soil was characterizedas an association Cambissolo Háplico/Neossolo Litólico. The objectives were to estimate the C stocksin soils and estimate the C losses occurred due to the change of soil cover. It was evaluated soils undernatural forest (FN, of secondary stage, with a high degree of preservation; planted forest of eucalyptus(Eucalyptus saligna (PE, with eight years of cultivation, preceded by 17 years under crop conventionaltillage; and a planted forest of herb mate (Ilex paraguariensis (EM, with 25 years of cultivation underconventional system (cutting interval of 18 months, with removal of all waste produced and maintenanceof the ground without cover, with periodic use of herbicide - glyphosate. In each area were opened fourtrenches with 50 cm deep, where soil samples were collected in depths of: 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-20 cm,20-30 cm, 30-40 cm, and 40-50 cm, with kopeck rings. It was possible to determine the bulk density (Mgm-3, the soil volume per layer (depth and per hectare, and the concentration of soil C in the differentstudied areas. To quantify the C stocks equal amounts of soil were used for each depth evaluated. Itwas observed higher densities of soils and under PE and EM, to FN the lowest density are explained bythe

  18. Dispersão geopolítica da ocorrência de Fasciola hepatica no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Geopolitical dispersion of the occurence of Fasciola hepatica in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolau Maués da Serra-Freire; Silvino Nuernberg

    1992-01-01

    During 12 years feces samples from cows, water buffaloes, sheeps and goats were examined by sequencial tamis filtration to show the occurence of Fasciola hepatica eggs. The material came from 129 municipalities of Santa Catarina State, and 5 g of feces per animal were examined. The occurrence of F. hepatica was confirmed in 64.82% of the municipalities. Considering the host, F. hepatica was confirmed in goats from Florianópolis, São José, São João Batista and Guaramirim municipalities; in she...

  19. Visions of development and environmental values in the municipal councils of Itajaí Middle Valley, Santa Catarina State

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    Cleci Teresinha Noara

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper began in November 2006, it deals with environmental values the councils of environment of Blumenau and Indaial on the middle Vale of Itajaí, Santa Catarina State. The objective was to identify and to analyze the environment values and interests that permeate the practice of these councils. The subject becomes relevant because the theorical sources are scarces, data-collecting interviews, comments bibliographical and documentary. The results demonstrate even though the council members possess and anthropocentric vision about environment, they believe that, with a environment management integrated and participative action, close to sustainable development, it will be possible the solution of these environment problems. The study aims to be a contribution to municipal councils of environment in Itajaí basin, since it allows us to understand some of the capacities and limitations of them in the formulation and implementation of public policies for sustainable development in the region.

  20. PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL AND PHYTOGEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A RIPARIAN FOREST SECTOR IN ALFREDO WAGNER, SANTA CATARINA STATE, AS SUBSIDY FOR ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION

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    Ana Carolina da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509812342The understanding of floristic and structure of tree communities is essential to subside the strategies offorest restoration. In this sense, a phyto-sociological survey was conducted in a forest fragment situated along a tributary of Caeté river, in Alfredo Wagner, state of Santa Catarina, in order to: i know the structureof trees and flora in this forest, ii classify the species found according to ecological groups and iii comparethe flora of the study area with other studies in Araucaria forest (FOM, Atlantic Rain Forest (FOD andthe transition area between FOM-FOD of Santa Catarina state. In this fragment, 10 plots of 400 m2 wereallocated, where all individual trees with the circumference at breast height (CBH, measured at 1.30 mabove the ground greater than or equal to 15.7 cm were measured, marked and identified. The species wereclassified into the following succession groups: pioneer, climax light-demanding or climax shade-tolerant.The Rectified Correspondence Analysis (DCA was used for the floristic comparison. The structure of thetree component was described by the density, frequency, dominance and importance value (VI. The resultsshowed elevated species richness (98 species. It was found typical species of FOM, such as Araucariaangustifolia (Bert. Kuntze, and species characteristics of FOD such as Byrsonima ligustrifolia A.Juss.,confirming the study fragment as an area of ecological tension between FOM and FOD. The species withmost elevated VI were Psychotria vellosiana Benth., Alsophila setosa Kaulf. and Guatteria australis A.St.-Hil. The species with elevated VI, for their considerable representation in the area, are important in therestoration of degraded riparian forests in the region. The species seedlings plantation should be plannedobserving the group successional of each species, planting pioneer and light-demanding climax speciesfirst (e.g. Psychotria vellosiana, followed by, after the

  1. EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAMS: A STUDY ABOUT BRAZILIAN SME’S FROM SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Izabel Regina de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The reality of the Brazilian economy during the last decade has influenced many companies to get new markets to expand to other parameters of competition. The export incentive programs created by the government, is an example of this, and he has performed positively, strengthening the relationship of resources and capacity to develop sales strategies and relationships with the external market. With the use of financial incentive programs for export, companies can enjoy the competitiveness and advantages related to cost of goods or services, and thus help them achieve a satisfactory goal with the export activity. Careful to promote exports, the Brazilian government creates lines of financial incentives that can meet the needs of Brazilian companies. These floor plane are known as advances on exchange contracts (ACC, Advances on foreign exchange delivered (ACE, Program for Export – (Proex among others. Santa Catarina has been active in the export process of the country, accounting for significant numbers for the trade balance. The target of this study is to understand the reactions of the business of Santa Catarina in the use of financial incentives for export. The research method adopted, as to the purposes of research, the research was exploratory and the means of investigation was a qualitative field research through interviews. The results showed that the reasons these companies entering in the international market, have been opening new markets, new business opportunities and increase the export volume. Financial incentives are most commonly used by companies to Advance on Export Contracts (ACC and Advances on Foreign Exchange Delivered (ACE.

  2. Effectiveness of a mass immunization campaign against serogroup C meningococci in children in the Federal State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Emil Kupek

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available In addition to vaccine efficacy studies, there is a pressing need to evaluate vaccine effectiveness in a way that takes into account the limitations of health care systems in certain settings. An attempt to reach this objective was exemplified by a vaccination campaign against serogroup C meningococci in the federal state of Santa Catarina, in Brazil. A polysaccharide vaccine against serogroup C meningococci was administered to all individuals between 6 months and 14 years of age in March, 1996, in the municipalities that had the highest incidence of meningococcal disease in the previous year. All cases of the disease due to this serogroup observed in Santa Catarina during a 1-year period before and after the vaccination were included in the analysis. The cumulative incidence rate ratio was calculated for the unvaccinated compared to the vaccinated area. As a second step, the ratio of this quantity for the period before and after the vaccination, i.e. the ratio of the rate ratios (RRR, was calculated. One minus RRR was used to estimate the vaccine effectiveness. In the general population, the vaccine effectiveness was 74.3% (95% confidence intervals 52.7% to 99.6%. In children 6 months to 14 years, vaccine effectiveness was 93.1% (85.2% to 100%. Vaccine effectiveness could not be confirmed within more specific age bands, probably due to the lack of statistical power. It is concluded that group C meningococcal vaccine is effective in reducing the occurrence of meningococcal disease in children 6 months to 14 years of age, and that the ratio of rate ratios (RRR in a useful method to evaluate vaccine effectiveness.

  3. Headland-bay beach planform stability of Santa Catarina State and of the Northern Coast of São Paulo State

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    Lucas F. Silveira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of the planform stability classification for the headland-bay beaches of the State of Santa Catarina and of the Northern Coast of São Paulo, based on the application of the Parabolic Bay-Shape Equation (PBSE to aerial images of the beaches, using the software MEPBAY®. For this purpose, georeferenced mosaics of the QuickBird2® satellite imagery (for the State of Santa Catarina and vertical aerial photographs (for the northern coast of São Paulo State were used. Headland-bay beach planform stability can be classified as: (1 in static equilibrium, (2 in dynamic equilibrium, (3 unstable or (4 in a state of natural beach reshaping. Static equilibrium beaches are the most frequent along the coast of the State of Santa Catarina and the Northern Shore of São Paulo, notably along the most rugged sectors of the coast and those with experiencing lower fluvial discharge. By comparison, dynamic equilibrium beaches occur primarily on the less rugged sectors of the coast and along regions with higher fluvial discharge. Beaches in a state of natural beach reshaping have only been found in SC, associated with stabilized estuarine inlets or port breakwaters. However, it is not possible to classify any of these beaches as unstable because only one set of images was used. No clear relation was observed between a beach's planform stability and other classification factors, such as morphodynamics or orientation.Este trabalho apresenta resultados da classificação da estabilidade da forma em planta das praias de enseada do Estado de Santa Catarina e do Litoral Norte de São Paulo, realizada através da aplicação do modelo parabólico a imagens aéreas utilizando o software MEPBAY®. Para isso foram construídos mosaicos georeferenciados com imagens do satélite QuickBird2® (para o Estado de Santa Catarina e com fotografias aéreas verticais (para o Litoral Norte de São Paulo. Quanto à estabilidade de sua forma em planta, as

  4. Water retention and availability in soils of the State of Santa Catarina-Brazil: effect of textural classes, soil classes and lithology

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The retention and availability of water in the soil vary according to the soil characteristics and determine plant growth. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate water retention and availability in the soils of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, according to the textural class, soil class and lithology. The surface and subsurface horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in different regions of the State and different cover crops to determine field capacity, permanent wilting point, availab...

  5. Reflections on intervention strategies with respect to the process of alcoholization and self-care practices among Kaingang indigenous people in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Ari Ghiggi Junior; Esther Jean Langdon

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on ethnographic research on the Xapecó Indigenous Reservation in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, examines the sociocultural context of the use of alcoholic beverages among the Kaingang indigenous people. The authors also discuss the experience with an intervention involving government agencies and nongovernmental organizations that attempted to deal with alcohol-related problems on the reserve. Based on the concepts of alcoholization and self-care practices, the study analyz...

  6. ENVIROMENTAL VARIABLE INFLUENCE ON THE TREE COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND FLORISTIC PATTERNS IN A MONTANE ARAUCARIA FOREST FRAGMENT IN LAGES, SANTA CATARINA STATE

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Higuchi; Ana Carolina da Silva; Tiago de Souza Ferreira; Sheila Trierveiler de Souza; Juliano Pereira Gomes; Karina Montibeller da Silva; Kristiana Fiorentin dos Santos; Caroline Linke; Patrícia da Silva Paulino

    2012-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050985081This study aimed to characterize the floristic composition and structure of the tree component of a montane Araucaria Forest fragment and to assess the influence of environmental variables on the patterns observed. The study area was located in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina state, close to the margin of the Caveiras River. The vegetation and the environmental variables (physical and chemical soils characteristics, relief and canopy cover) were...

  7. Toward a better understanding of the subtropical Atlantic Forest in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil: tree sampling accuracy, species richness and frequency of rare species

    OpenAIRE

    Vanessa Leite Rezende; Eisenlohr, Pedro V.; André Luís de Gasper; Alexander Christian Vibrans; Ary Teixeira de Oliveira-Filho

    2014-01-01

    Accurate knowledge of floristic composition is crucial when planning and designing research projects and public policies. In this study, our goal was to assess tree sampling accuracy and to identify sites with higher concentrations of rare tree species, as well as those with the highest tree species richness, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We determined sampling accuracy using the first-order jackknife and Chao 2 estimators, calculated the number of rare species (singletons and doubl...

  8. [Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old) in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnack, Felice Jaqueline; Fontana Ld, Lidiani de Medeiros; Barbosa, Paulo Roberto; Silva, Loraine Storch Meyer da; Baillargeon, Clair Maria Martinello; Barichello, Tatiana; Póvoa, Marinete Marins; Cavasini, Carlos Eug nio; Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas

    2003-01-01

    Enteropathogens were investigated in 94 children with diarrhea and 45 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, attending an outpatient unit in Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cryptosporidium (85.1%) topped the list of parasite isolates, followed by Entamoeba histolytica (56.4%) and Giardia lamblia (4.3%). Four samples contained enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (4.3%). Samonella and Shiguella were not detected. Only one sample contained rotavirus (1.1%). PMID:12973585

  9. INTRODUCTION After fourteen years of pioneering systematic work spanning from 1996 to 2010, carried out in the territory of Santa Catarina State, SC, within the Brazilian Southern region, framed in the socalled Atlantic Slope of the Southern Cone of South America (Agudo-Padrón, 2008a, a basic list of continental (land and freshwater and marine mollusc species was compiled. Besides constant interactions and consultations with numerous national and international specialists, such a list was mostly based on available literature and/or analyses of voucher specimens deposited in collections belonging to research centers or environmental education institutes. To date (up to the first semester of 2010, this list comprises a total of 878 taxa (species and subspecies, including 695 marine and 183 continental forms, and these numbers are likely to increase as field surveys ensue. In the present study, results obtained from the author’s active participation in three recent regional field sampling expeditions dealing with marine and continental mollusc taxa, are reported. I. Official State program for listing and control of invasive exotic species Starting from November 2009, and for the first time in the history of Santa Catarina State, the presence of invasive allochthonous mollusc species in Santa Catarina State was studied and discussed through the organisation of seminars by the Official Foundation for the Environment of the State of Santa Catarina (Fundação do Meio Ambiente – FATMA jointly with the Hórus Institute for Development and Environmental Conservation (Instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento e Conservação Ambiental, with the main goal to compile the Official State List of Species. To date, the occurrence of a total of twenty allochthonous (exotic forms of mollusc species has been confirmed, 14 Gastropoda and 6 Bivalvia [namely, 11 terrestrial gastropods, 5 freshwater taxa (3 gastropods and 2 bivalves and 4 marine bivalves]. Taking into account the

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    A. Ignacio Agudo-Padrón

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Available knowledge of malacofauna (mollusc species conservation in the territory of Santa Catarina State,SC, central Southern Brazil region, is shortly analyzed and discussed herein. Present data originate from theauthor's active participation in three recent regional unpublished events dealing with biodiversity conservationin the State, carried out to cope the sensitive lack of population studies which is the main difficulty to face inorder to provide accurate and detailed evaluations on biodiversity and its conservation status.

  10. Fumonisins B1 and B2 in corn-based products commercialized in the state of Santa Catarina - Southern Brazil

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    Rejane Maria Cirra Scaff

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Corn flour, "canjica" (corn grits, corn flakes and popcorn for human consumption, commercialized in Santa Catarina (n=82, were analyzed in order to detect the presence of fumonisins B1 (FB1 and B2 (FB2. From the samples, 92.68% showed detectable levels of Fumonisins (FBs. Corn flour showed the highest level of contamination (91.5% with average levels of 3.811 and 5.737 mg/g for the home-processed and industrialized products, respectively. The next most contaminated product was popcorn with a average of 2.872 mg/g and an occurrence in 91.6% of the samples. All samples of corn flakes were contaminated with an average of 1.307 mg/g. The product with the lowest levels of FBs was "canjica" with a average contamination of 0.732 mg/g. These results indicated the need of monitoring corn-based products in this state.Farinha de milho, canjica, flocos de milho, milho de pipoca, destinados ao consumo humano e comercializados em Santa Catarina (n=82, foram analisados a fim de determinar a ocorrência de fumonisinas B1 (FB1 e B2 (FB2. Das amostras, 92,68 % apresentaram níveis detectáveis de FBs. A farinha de milho apresentou os maiores níveis de contaminação (91,5% com níveis médios 3,811 e 5,737 mg/g para as de preparo artesanal e industrializadas, respectivamente. O segundo produto mais contaminado foi o milho de pipoca com uma média de contaminação de 2,872 mg/g e ocorrência em 91,6% das amostras. Todas as amostras de flocos de milho apresentaram contaminação com uma média de 1,307 mg/g. O produto com menores níveis de FBs foi a canjica com contaminação média de 0,732 mg/g. Estes resultados indicam a necessidade de monitoramento dos produtos derivados de milho em nosso Estado, ressaltando-se que os níveis mais expressivos foram encontrados em produtos comercializados no Sul e Oeste de SC, regiões agrícolas, marcadamente colonizadas por descendentes de italianos, consumidores habituais de produtos derivados de milho, particularmente a

  11. Parental ethnotheories: a study with mothers living in the capital and countryside of Santa Catarina State / Etnoteorias parentais: um estudo com mães residentes no interior e na capital de Santa Catarina

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    Samira Mafioletti Macarini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate parental ethnotheories of mothers living in the capital city and in the countryside of Santa Catarina State. In each cultural environment, fifty mothers were interviewed based on scales that evaluated their beliefs about childrearing practices, socialization goals and degree of familism. Results from the capital demonstrated a predominance of autonomous-related elements for practices and familism, whereas in terms of socialization goals, mothers valued the autonomy of the child. In the countryside, relational aspects were identified for socialization goals and familism. However, for beliefs about childrearing practices it has been noted emphasis on autonomy. The conclusion was that both contexts are characterized by an autonomous-related self, although with different emphases according to the dimension investigated.

  12. Perfil epidemiológico do sarampo no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, de 1996 a 2000 Measles epidemiology in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, 1996-2000

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    Maria Cristina de Sousa Santos Faversani

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo ecológico, baseado nos dados secundários da vigilância epidemiológica e usando município como unidade de análise, mostrou que as coberturas da vacina contra sarampo foram menores de níveis necessários para erradicação (95% e controle (90% em grande parte do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, antes e durante a epidemia de 1997, principalmente da segunda dose da vacina, prevista para 15 meses de idade dentro da vacina triviral. Houve melhora nos anos seguintes, mas continuou faltando a homogeneidade da cobertura. Baixas coberturas vacinais foram associadas com maior incidência de sarampo, mas, no ano epidêmico de 1997, surtos menores de sarampo ocorreram até em alguns municípios com coberturas acima de 95% no primeiro ano de vida, com maior concentração naqueles com baixa cobertura da vacina triviral. Cerca de 80% dos casos de sarampo no período de 1996-2000 ocorreram entre escolares e jovens adultos. A circulação do vírus do sarampo no ano anterior e a densidade populacional aumentaram o risco de sarampo. Dois casos importados em 2004 ilustram bem porque ainda não podemos falar de erradicação e sim de eliminação do sarampo no Estado.This ecological study, based on an analysis of secondary data from epidemiological surveillance and using the municipality (county as the unit of analysis, showed that measles vaccine coverage was lower than necessary for eradication (95% and control (90% in many municipalities in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, both before and during the last epidemic in 1997, particularly regarding the second dose of the vaccine, applied as a component of the MMR vaccine, scheduled at 15 months of age. Low vaccine coverage was associated with higher measles incidence. However, during the 1997 epidemic small-scale measles outbreaks were recorded even in municipalities with first-dose coverage of 95% or higher, particularly among those which also had low second-dose coverage for MMR

  13. The Influence of Sales Promotion on Customer Acquisition: A Study in Hospitality in Santa Catarina State – Brazil

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    Tiago Savi Mondo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The actions of marketing communication implemented by organizations serve different purposes including attracting and capturing customers. Sales promotion, a form of communication, stands out as an effective short-term action. Based on these considerations, the main purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of sales promotion on hotels in Santa Catarina State - Brazil. The study is characterized as exploratory and descriptive, and utilizes both a qualitative and a quantitative approach. The qualitative phase consisted of data from 13 hotels and the quantitative phase consisted of respondents from 52 hotels. All hotels surveyed are linked to the Hospitality Industry Association-SC (ABIH-SC. The survey was conducted from March to August 2010. The main results indicate that sales promotion is primarily used during the least busy season (low season, with the focus on increasing occupancy, corresponding to what the theory suggests - short-term solutions. Moreover, the action was considered very important for attracting customers because it provides the basis for the increase in occupancy during the low season.   DOI: 10.5585/remark.v12i2.2296

  14. [General awareness and use of generic medication among citizens of Tubarão, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blatt, Carine Raquel; Trauthman, Silvana Cristina; Schmidt, Edegar Henrique; Marchesan, Samuel; da Silva, Luana May; Martins, João Luiz

    2012-01-01

    Although generic medication has been introduced in the country to offer an accessible alternative to brand-name medication, it represents only 14% of sales in number of units within the pharmaceutical market. The aim of this work was to research the level of awareness and the use of generic products among residents of the municipality of Tubarão, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A transversal study was carried out with a sample of 234 interviewees, distributed among municipal areas. With regard to use, the majority of those interviewed had used generic medication, and half of them had at least one such product in their home. To verify awareness of different types of medication, pictures with the generic, brand name and similar packaging for paracetamol and atenolol were shown and 91% were able to identify all products correctly. To be of higher economic standing, already having used generic products, believing that the generic medication has the same effect as the brand name medication, finding generic products in drugstores easily and being accustomed to buy generic products, were factors that were positively associated with the correct identification. PMID:22218542

  15. Hanseníase, exclusão e preconceito: histórias de vida de mulheres em Santa Catarina Hansen's disease, exclusion and prejudice: life histories of women at Santa Catarina State

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    Patrícia Vieira Martins

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consta de notas históricas sobre a hanseníase, desde a descoberta do bacilo até o tratamento realizado nos dias atuais. Busca analisar a percepção de algumas mulheres, ex-pacientes de hanseníase, moradoras do Hospital Santa Teresa, localizado em São Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina, sobre o estigma, preconceito e exclusão que elas sofreram e ainda sofrem nos dias atuais. Utilizamos a história oral de três mulheres para a realização dessa pesquisa e constatamos como a consequência deste tratamento "excludente" ao longo dos anos construiu um certo repúdio em torno da doença. A busca e a afirmação da identidade do sujeito estigmatizado tornou-se uma constante. O modelo de aceitação social almejado e o fato de ser reconhecido como diferente e não discriminado é a grande questão.This article describes historical notes about leprosy, from the discovery of the bacillus to the treatment done today. In this text we try to analyze the perception of some women, former leprosy patients, residents of Santa Teresa Hospital, located in the city of São Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina State, on the stigma, prejudice and exclusion they suffered and still suffer today. We used the oral history of three women for research purposes and we found as a result of this "excluding" treatment over the years, that it built some kind of rejection about the disease. The search and affirmation of the identity of the stigmatized subject has become a constant. The model of social acceptance and the fact of being recognized as different and not discriminated is the main issue.

  16. Seabather's eruption: a clinical and epidemiological study of 38 cases in Santa Catarina State, Brazil Prurido do traje de banho: estudo clínico e epidemiológico de 38 casos no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    André Luiz Rossetto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Seabather's eruption (SBE is an intensely itchy, papule-erythematous dermatitis that occurs predominantly in regions of the body covered by bathing costumes, after exposure to marine water. The planulae larvae of Linuche unguiculata scyphomedusae (thimble jellyfish are the etiologic agent of the dermatitis, which is frequent in waters of Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and Florida. The authors report 38 cases of SBE in the State of Santa Catarina (Southern region of Brazil, with emphasis on their clinical and epidemiological aspects, such as profile of victim, topography of the papules and conditions predisposing to the accident.Os Cnidários são animais marinhos que estão relacionados com uma variedade de acidentes acometendo banhistas em regiões litorâneas. A larva plânula da cifomedusa Linuche unguiculata (uma pequena água-viva é o agente etiológico de uma dermatite pápulo-eritematosa, intensamente pruriginosa, denominada Prurido do Traje de Banho. Acomete principalmente áreas do corpo cobertas pelo traje de banho, após exposição à água do mar. Sua presença é freqüente nas águas do Caribe, Golfo do México e da Flórida (Estados Unidos, local onde foi descrita pela primeira vez. Os autores relatam uma série de casos de Prurido do Traje de Banho ocorridos no Estado de Santa Catarina (região do sul do Brasil, com ênfase em seus aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos.

  17. Etnoteorias parentais: um estudo com mães residentes no interior e na capital de Santa Catarina Parental ethnotheories: a study with mothers living in the capital and countryside of Santa Catarina State

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    Samira Mafioletti Macarini

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo investigar etnoteorias parentais em mães residentes na capital e interior de Santa Catarina. Foram aplicadas escalas de crenças sobre práticas de cuidado, metas de socialização e alocentrismo familiar em 50 mães de cada contexto cultural. Os resultados na capital indicaram predomínio de elementos autônomo-relacionais em práticas e alocentrismo familiar, enquanto que em termos de metas, as mães valorizaram a autonomia da criança. No interior, no que se refere a metas de socialização e alocentrismo familiar, foram identificados aspectos relacionais. Contudo, em termos de crenças sobre práticas de criação, constatou-se maior valorização da autonomia. Concluiu-se que ambos os contextos caracterizam-se por um modelo de self autônomo-relacional, embora com diferentes ênfases de acordo com a dimensão investigada.The aim of this study was to investigate parental ethnotheories of mothers living in the capital city and in the countryside of Santa Catarina State. In each cultural environment, fifty mothers were interviewed based on scales that evaluated their beliefs about childrearing practices, socialization goals and degree of familism. Results from the capital demonstrated a predominance of autonomous-related elements for practices and familism, whereas in terms of socialization goals, mothers valued the autonomy of the child. In the countryside, relational aspects were identified for socialization goals and familism. However, for beliefs about childrearing practices it has been noted emphasis on autonomy. The conclusion was that both contexts are characterized by an autonomous-related self, although with different emphases according to the dimension investigated.

  18. Neospora caninum antibodies in dairy cattle of Lages Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil Anticuerpos séricos contra Neospora caninum en rebaños lecheros de la ciudad de Lages, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    AB Moura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Bovines are the main intermediary host of the protozoan Neospora caninum, which is a major cause of bovine abortions and neonatal mortality worldwide. Sera were collected from 373 dairy cattle and 33 dogs on 19 dairy farms in Lages city, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, to determine the prevalence of N. caninum antibodies and risk factors. Tests for N. caninum antibodies were done using an indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT. Positive reactions with titers ≥ 1:200 (cattle and ≥ 1:50 (dogs were found in 86 (23.1% and seven (21.2% bovines and dogs, respectively. Of the bovines, four (1.1% were calves, 33 (8.8% were heifers, 314 (84.2% were lactating cows, 19 (5.1% were dry cows and three (0.8% were bulls. Infection was primarily found in animals with low milk production (P = 0.008. The presence of seropositive dogs on the properties did not affect the prevalence of bovine infection. No correlation between bovine reproductive disorders and the prevalence of N. caninum antibodies was observed. Our results showed that N. caninum infection is widespread among dairy cattle of Lages, Santa Catarina.Los bovinos son los principales hospederos intermediarios del coccidio Neospora caninum. En esta especie se concentran la mayoría de los daños reproductivos. A fin de determinar la prevalencia de N. caninum e identificar factores de riesgo para la infección en el ganado lechero de la ciudad de Lages, Estado de Santa Catarina, se tomaron muestras de sangre de bovinos (n = 373 y los perros (n = 33 en 19 propiedades. La detección de anticuerpos contra N. caninum fue realizada por medio de IFA. Fueron consideradas positivas las muestras con títulos ≥ 200 (ganado bovino y ≥ 50 (perros. Informaciones relacionadas con la categoría de los animales, la raza, la frecuencia y tipo de trastornos de la reproducción, la producción de leche y la presencia de los perros fueron obtenidos mediante un cuestionario. Los datos fueron analizados con la

  19. Recent records, range loss, and current threats to the pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus (Mammalia, Cervidae in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Rodrigo C. Benedet

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The native grasslands in the micro-region of Lages are the natural habitat of the pampas deer, and the locality of Coxilha Rica, known for its short grass, is its largest refuge in the state of Santa Catarina. Recent novel records of the pampas deer in this state are published here for the first time, as well as evidence of a reduction in its historical distribution. In a grassland environment that is increasingly invaded by plantations of exotic species, partition of land, and burning of grasslands, adequate management of the areas where the pampas deer still persist may be decisive for the survival of remaining populations.

  20. Primeiro registro de Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore 1964, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae em Eucalipto no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil First record of Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore 1964, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae in Eucalyptus in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junir Antonio Lutinski

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Conhecido como psilídeo-de-concha, Glycaspis brimblecombei é um inseto sugador de origem australiana e ataca várias espécies de eucalipto. Sua presença no Brasil foi registrada pela primeira vez no Estado de São Paulo em junho de 2003. Posteriormente, sua ocorrência foi registrada também para os Estados de Minas Gerais, Goiás, Paraná e Mato Grosso do Sul. As ninfas possuem coloração amarelada e encontram-se protegidas sob pequenas conchas enquanto os adultos, com coloração marrom-alaranjado a amarelo-esverdeado, medem cerca de três milímetros de comprimento. Dentre os principais danos que causam às plantas estão a queda prematura das folhas, redução da área fotossintética e superbrotamento. Em alguns casos, pode levar à morte da planta. No Estado de Santa Catarina, o G. brimblecombei foi encontrado atacando algumas plantas de Eucalyptus tereticornis localizadas no pátio de uma empresa no perímetro urbano da cidade de Chapecó.Known as Red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei is a sucker insect of Australian origin whose attacks several eucalyptus species. Its presence in Brazil was reported for the first time in the São Paulo State in June, 2003. Later, its occurrence was also registered in Minas Gerais, Goiás, Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul States. The nymphs possess yellowish color and they are protected under small shells while the adults have brown-orange to yellow-greenish color, and about three milimeters. Among the main damages that causes to the plants are the premature leaves fall and reduction of the photosynthetic area. In some cases it can occurs plant death. In Santa Catarina State it was found attacking some trees of Eucalyptus tereticornis in the courtyard of a company in the urban perimeter of the Chapecó town.

  1. Levantamento da intensidade da alternariose e da podridão negra em cultivos orgânicos de brássicas em Pernambuco e Santa Catarina Survey of the intensity of Alternaria black spot and black rot on brassica species under organic farming systems in Pernambuco and Santa Catarina states, Brazil

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    Luiz A M Peruch

    2006-12-01

    organic farming systems with different brassicas. High prevalence of the diseases was registered in both states, except on Chinese cabbage in Santa Catarina. Prevalence of Alternaria black spot was 100% on broccoli fields in Pernambuco, as well as on cauliflower in both states, while the black rot reached that level on broccoli and cauliflower fields in Santa Catarina. On the average of the different brassica species, the diseases were more prevalent in Pernambuco than in Santa Catarina. However, when the severity averages of each disease were considered, no significant differences were observed between the two states, although the climatic conditions were highly different. The Alternaria black spot severity varied among the brassica species in Pernambuco, being lower on kale. In Santa Catarina no significant differences were observed among the brassicas species. In relation to the black rot, only in Santa Catarina was there a difference in the disease severity, with the lowest level on Chinese cabbage. No significant correlations were observed either between severity levels of Alternaria black spot and black rot, neither between disease severity and total number of plants or plant age.

  2. Threatened freshwater and terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia of Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil: check list and evaluation of regional threats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A total of nineteen continental native mollusc species are confirmed for the Santa Catarina State (SC(organized in ten Genera and seven Families, one aquatic Prosobranchia/Caenogastropoda (Ampullariidae,six Pulmonata terrestrial gastropods (one Ellobiidae, three Megalobulimidae and two micro-snails –Charopidae and Streptaxidae and twelve freshwater mussels (eight Mycetopodidae and four Hyriidae. Thesespecies are designated by the International Union for Conservation of the Nature – IUCN as follows: seven as"Vulnerable", six "In Danger" and six “Without Category Established”. The general regional threats that thesespecies are subjected to are briefly analyzed.

  3. Composition of mixed-species flocks of forest birds in the Parque Estadual das Araucárias, western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Mixed-species flocks are associations of two or more species possibly derived from the maximization of foraging and/or minimization of predation. Several studies with mixed-species flocks have been carried out in southern Brazil, but none of them in a native Araucaria forest. Mixed-species bird flocks were surveyed between 2006 to 2007 at the Parque Estadual das Araucárias (PEA), in São Domingos, in the western part of the state of Santa Catarina. Fifty-six species were recorded in 29 flocks ...

  4. Experimental infection with different bacterial strains in larvae and juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei reared in Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Infecção experimental em larvas e juvenis de Litopaenaeus vannamei cultivados no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Celso Carlos Buglione

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the pathogenic characteristics of bacteria isolated from Litopenaeus vannamei during an outbreak at the Laboratory of Marine Shrimp, UFSC, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Their virulence potential in larvae and juvenile shrimp and theeffects on the total haemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity and serum agglutinate titre were examined after experimental infection. Bacterial strains were isolated from larvae and adult shrimps, identified by the AP120E biochemical system as: two strains of Vibrioalginolyticus, three of Aeromonas salmonicida and one of Pasteurella multocida sp. and Pasteurella sp. All the bacterial strains isolated in this study caused mortality in shrimp. One strain of V. alginolyticus was responsible for 97.3 and 88.7% mortality in larvae and juvenil shrimps, respectively. The shrimp immunological system was influenced by experimental infection with V. alginolyticus. Decrease in the total haemocyte count and increase in the phenoloxidase activity and the serum agglutinate titre (p Este estudo avaliou as características patogênicas de cepas de bactérias isoladas de Litopenaeus vannamei durante surto de mortalidade no Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, UFSC, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Seu potencial de virulência em larvas e juvenis de camarão marinho e os efeitos sobre a contagem total de hemócito, atividade de fenoloxidase e título aglutinante do soro foramavaliados após infecção experimental. As cepas bacterianas foram isoladas de larvas e de camarões adultos e identificadas bioquimicamente pelo sistema API20E como: duas cepas de Vibrio alginolyticus, três de Aeromonas salmonicida e uma de Pasteurella sp. e P. multocida. Todas as cepas isoladas provocaram mortalidade em L. vannamei, e uma de V. alginolyticus resultou em mortalidade de 97,3 e 88,7% para larvas e juvenis de camarões, respectivamente. O sistema imunológico dos camarões juvenis sofreu influência da infecção experimental

  5. Agaricales em áreas de Floresta Ombrófila Densa e plantações de Pinus no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Agaricales in Atlantic rain forest and Pinus plantations in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Fernanda Karstedt

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os sistemas florestais de Santa Catarina são poucos estudados em relação à diversidade de Agaricales. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar e comparar a diversidade de Agaricales em dois sistemas florestais, no município de Joinville, SC. Parcelas de 20×20 m foram estabelecidas: três em Floresta Ombrófila Densa e três em plantações de Pinus. Basidiomas de fungos agaricóides foram coletados em janeiro, março, maio, julho, setembro e novembro/2004. Foram identificadas 40 espécies, 31 na Floresta e 10 nas plantações. A família mais representada foi Tricholomataceae, com 48% das espécies registradas na Floresta. As espécies com maior abundância relativa foram Camarophyllus buccinulus (41% na Floresta e Lactarius cf. fragilis (53% nas plantações. As mesmas espécies foram também as mais freqüentes, com 44% e 78% de freqüência de ocorrência, respectivamente. Considerando a riqueza de espécies e o índice de diversidade de Shannon, o estudo sugere que há maior diversidade de Agaricales na Floresta do que nas plantações de Pinus.Forest systems in Santa Catarina state are virtually unknown regarding Agaricales diversity. Our goal was to determine and compare the Agaricales diversity of two forest systems in Joinville municipality, SC. Plots of 20×20 m were established: three in the Atlantic rain forest and three in Pinus plantations. Basidiomata of Agaricales were collected in January, March, May, July, September and November/2004. Forty species were identified, 31 in the forest and 10 in the plantations. Tricholomataceae was the most important family, with 48% of the species found in the forest. The species with the highest relative abundance were Camarophyllus buccinulus (41% and Lactarius cf. fragilis (53% in the forest and in the plantations, respectively. These were also the most frequent species recovered in the forest and in the plantations, with frequency values of 44% and 78%, respectively. Considering species

  6. Evaluation of the CPTEC/AGCM wind forecasts during the hurricane Catarina occurrence

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    A. F. Santos

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In March 2004 occurred the first hurricane registered at South Atlantic Ocean. The system named Catarina begun as an extratropical cyclone and remained quasi-stationary some days over the South Atlantic Ocean. The system displaced westward, acquiring characteristics of a hurricane and hit the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina (SC between the 27 and the 28 March, causing destruction and deaths. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies, Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (CPTEC/AGCM forecast performance of some synoptic patterns associated with Catarina. The surface wind and reduced Sea Level Pressure (SLP were examined. Moreover, the implementation of 10-m wind forecast (V10m was evaluated. This variable was not available in the CPTEC/AGCM during the Catarina occurrence and in this study it was compared with the wind at first sigma-level of the AGCM. The CPTEC-Eta reanalyses were used to comparisons. According to reanalyses, more intense winds were observed in northeast, south and southwest edges of the cyclone. The system was not predicted by the CPTEC/AGCM forecasts longer than 24 h, then the analyses were carried out only for 24 h forecasts. In general, the first sigma-level wind forecasts underestimated the wind magnitude and the cyclone intensity. However, the Catarina formation and its displacement southeastward between the 20 and the 21 March were well represented by the model. The CPTEC/AGCM presents deficiencies to predict the system intensity, but in short-range forecasts it was possible to predict the system formation and its atypical trajectory. The wind results from the new implementation did not exhibit better performance compared with the wind at first sigma-level. These results will be better investigated in the future.

  7. Evaluation of the CPTEC/AGCM wind forecasts during the hurricane Catarina occurrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, A. F.; Mendonça, A. M.; Bonatti, J. P.; de Mattos, J. G. Z.; Kubota, P. Y.; Freitas, S. R.; Silva Dias, M. A. F.; Ramirez, E.; Camayo, R.

    2008-05-01

    In March 2004 occurred the first hurricane registered at South Atlantic Ocean. The system named Catarina begun as an extratropical cyclone and remained quasi-stationary some days over the South Atlantic Ocean. The system displaced westward, acquiring characteristics of a hurricane and hit the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina (SC) between the 27 and the 28 March, causing destruction and deaths. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies, Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (CPTEC/AGCM) forecast performance of some synoptic patterns associated with Catarina. The surface wind and reduced Sea Level Pressure (SLP) were examined. Moreover, the implementation of 10-m wind forecast (V10m) was evaluated. This variable was not available in the CPTEC/AGCM during the Catarina occurrence and in this study it was compared with the wind at first sigma-level of the AGCM. The CPTEC-Eta reanalyses were used to comparisons. According to reanalyses, more intense winds were observed in northeast, south and southwest edges of the cyclone. The system was not predicted by the CPTEC/AGCM forecasts longer than 24 h, then the analyses were carried out only for 24 h forecasts. In general, the first sigma-level wind forecasts underestimated the wind magnitude and the cyclone intensity. However, the Catarina formation and its displacement southeastward between the 20 and the 21 March were well represented by the model. The CPTEC/AGCM presents deficiencies to predict the system intensity, but in short-range forecasts it was possible to predict the system formation and its atypical trajectory. The wind results from the new implementation did not exhibit better performance compared with the wind at first sigma-level. These results will be better investigated in the future.

  8. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago José Canali; Sylvia Marina Soares de Oliveira; Deivid Montero Reduit; Daniele Botelho Vinholes; Viviane Pessi Feldens

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-...

  9. The safety and the work organization in a coal subterranean mining of the region of Criciuma - Santa Catarina State, Brazil; A seguranca e a organizacao do trabalho em uma mineracao subterranea de carvao da regiao de Criciuma - Santa Catarina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barreiros, Dorival

    1996-07-01

    The subject of this thesis is related with work organization and working conditions in the conventional mining system used in underground coal mining. An exploratory study was conducted in a mining company located in Criciuma, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The objective was to know how tasks were performed and which organizational and technical factors affected the safety of the workers. The study of work organization and working conditions has traditionally been a meeting ground for contributions from a variety of disciplines such as engineering, sociology, psychology, occupational medicine, and so on, and for that reason there are different approaches. Therefore one can expect some controversies over the matter. Although there are many controversies and methodological difficulties to establish causal relation with the risks observed in the production process, under many circumstances the work organization affects the working conditions and the performance of the workers. Working conditions are still a problem which needs solutions with new approaches, mainly concerning work organization alternatives, which can satisfy not only enterprises but also better working conditions. (author)

  10. Primeiro registro de Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél (Diptera: Tephritidae para o Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil First records of Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél (Diptera: Tephritidae for Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Sandra Mara Sabedot

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo levantar as espécies de tefritídeos endófagos associados a capítulos de asteráceas em Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Para tanto, foram efetuadas coletas quinzenais no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, durante o período de setembro de 2005 a setembro de 2006, concentradas na primavera e no verão. Os capítulos foram destacados diretamente das plantas, no campo, e acondicionados em sacos plásticos. Este trabalho constitui o primeiro registro de Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél coletados em capítulos de Asteraceae no município de Chapecó, elevando para 72 espécies de tefritídeos registradas para o referido Estado.The present research aimed to inventory the species of endophagous tephritids associated to Asteraceae capitula in Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Samples of capitula were collected every two weeks in Chapecó, from september 2005 to september 2006, concentrating efforts on spring and summer. The capitula were collected directly from the plants and conditioned in plastic bags. This research constitutes the first register of Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel and Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél specimens collected from Asteraceae capitula in Chapecó, elevating to 72 the number of tephritid species registered to the State of Santa Catarina.

  11. The W (Sn-Mo)-specialized catinga suite and other granitoids of the Brusque Group, neo proterozoic of the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The petrographic, geochemical and isotopic data on the granitoids intrusive in the Brusque Group, State of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, are presented in this paper. These are late-to post-tectonic rocks, being the most evolved ones those that constitute the Catinga Suite. The granitoids intrusive in the southern domain of the Brusque Group are grayish rocks, in which biotite (when present) is practically the only mafic mineral. They are rather reduced, slightly alkalic, transitional between meta-and peraluminous. An acid subvolcanic pluton, the Ribeirao da Velha pluton, has similar petrographic and geochemical characteristics, and seems to be genetically related to these granitoids. LREE fractionation relative to HREE is incipient for the Catinga suite, and the REE patterns showing strong negative Eu anomaly. Initial 87 Sr/86 Sr ratios, from the literature for these granitoids are around 0.721 (Sao Joao Batista granitoid) and the only available tDM model age (Valsungana granitoid) points to a genesis from a continental crust of ca. 2020 Ma old. Gneiss-migmatitic rocks such as those that occur in the eastern portion of Brusque Group domain and as enclaves in the Nova Italia granitoid are strong candidates for protoliths of these granitoids. Little available information on the granitoids intrusive in the northern domain of the Brusque Group reports the presence of pink K-feldspar hornblende granitoids (Faxinal pluton) and light pink K-feldspar biotite granitoid (Guabiruba pluton). These granitoids are more enriched in K and more oxidized than those in the southern domain, and the LREE fractionation relative to HREE is strong, with the REE patterns showing incipient negative Eu anomaly. It is suggested that part of the Au concentrations found in the northern domain may be genetically associated with the granitoids, since they present characteristics favorable to promote Au mineralizations than the granitoids in the southern domain. Distinct protoliths and

  12. Alguns elementos da história da educação matemática no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no século 20: a aritmética nos grupos escolares - Some elements of the history of mathematics education in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Antonio da Costa, Brasil

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O modelo dos grupos escolares difundiu-se, gradativamente, pelos demais Estados brasileiros a partir de São Paulo, no início do século 20. Este texto analisa, historicamente, a trajetória da constituição dos saberes elementares, particularmente a Aritmética, no Estado de Santa Catarina e toma como documento de pesquisa os textos escolares normativos. As características presentes nos textos sobre o ensino de Aritmética revelam vestígios da influência paulista nos materiais didáticos e na metodologia de ensino da Aritmética prescritos para usoem Santa Catarina.Palavras-chave: aritmética, grupo escolar, legislação. SOME ELEMENTS OF THE HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IN THE STATE  OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL, IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY: THE ARITHMETIC IN SCHOOL GROUPSAbstractThe model of school groups spreads gradually for the other Brazilian states fromSao Pauloin the early twentieth century. This text analyzes the historical trajectory of constitution of the elementary knowledge; particularly the Arithmetic in the State ofSanta Catarinaand it takes as a research resource the school legislative texts. The characteristics present in the texts on teaching Arithmetic reveal traces of influence inSão Paulodidactical materials and teaching methodology of prescribed arithmetic for use in Santa Catarina.Key-words: arithmetic, school group, legislation.ALGUNOS ELEMENTOS DE LA HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIÓN MATEMÁTICA eN EL ESTADO DE SANTA CATARINA, BRASIL, EN PRINCIPIOS DEL SIGLO 20:  LA ARITMÉTICA EN LOS GRUPOS ESCOLARESResumenEl modelo de los grupos escolares se difunde gradualmente por los demás Estados brasileños a partir de São Paulo en el inicio del siglo 20. Este texto analiza históricamente la trayectoria de la constitución de los saberes elementales, particularmentela Aritmética, en el Estado de Santa Catarina y toma como fuente de investigación los textos escolares normativos. Las características presentes en los

  13. Toxigenic fungi in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. classes black and color cultivated in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil Fungos toxigênicos em feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. classes preto e cores cultivado no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Léa Luzia Freitas Costa

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Toxigenic fungi were studied in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. of Classes black and color, cultivated in different regions of the State of Santa Catarina, south region of Brazil. The mean counts of filamentous fungi were 2.8 x 103 and 6.7 x 103 CFU/g for beans Classes black and color, respectively. Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp. and Phoma spp. were the most frequent genera isolated, followed by Ryzopus spp., Alternaria spp., Helminthosporium spp., Cladosporium spp., Botrytis spp., Fusarium spp., Trichoderma spp., Curvularia spp. and Dreschelera spp. Among beans Class black, 24.6% of the Aspergillus strains produced mycotoxins: 13.1% produced aflatoxins (AFs; 11.5% produced ochratoxin A (OTA and 28.9% of Penicillium produced citrinin (CTR. On the other hand, 22.1% of Aspergillus strains isolated from beans Class color produced mycotoxins (16.7% produced AFs and 5.4% produced OTA, while Penicillium genera had 35.4% of CTR producing strains. The toxigenic species were A. flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ochraceus and P. citrinum Thom.Foram estudados fungos toxigênicos em feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L., classes preto e cores, cultivados em diferentes regiões do Estado de Santa Catarina, região Sul do Brasil. A média total de fungos filamentosos foi de 2,8x10³ e 6,7x10³ UFC/g para feijão classe preto e cores, respectivamente. Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp. e Phoma spp. foram os gêneros mais frequentes isolados, seguidos por Ryzopus spp., Alternaria spp., Helminthosporium spp., Cladosporium spp., Botrytis spp., Fusarium spp., Trichoderma spp., Curvularia spp. e Dreschelera spp. No feijão classe preto, 24,6% das cepas de Aspergillus isolados eram toxigenicas: 13.1% eram produtoras de aflatoxinas (AFs e 11,5% de ocratoxina A (OTA; e 28,9% de Penicillium produziram citrinina (CTR. Por outro lado, 22,1% de cepas de Aspergillus isolados do feijão classe cores, produziram micotoxinas (16,7% produziram AF e 5,4% produziram OTA, já do g

  14. The Berriasian-Valanginian (Early Cretaceous) boundary transition at Santa Catarina Ticuá, Oaxaca state, southern Mexico: Ammonites, bivalves, calpionellids and their paleobiogeographic significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zell, Patrick; Stinnesbeck, Wolfgang; Beckmann, Seija; Adatte, Thierry; Hering, Fabio

    2015-10-01

    Ammonites, bivalves and calpionellids of the late Berriasian-early Valanginian from southern Mexico are poorly known; those here described are from the Sabinal Formation at Santa Catarina Ticuá, Oaxaca state. Samples were collected and analyzed bed-by-bed. Ammonite assemblages correlate to the West Mediterranean late Berriasian Subthurmannia boissieri and early Valanginian Thurmanniceras pertransiens and Neocomites neocomiensiformis zones and contain taxa, which are majorly endemic, although a few European species are also identified. The bivalve Arctotis cretacea (Felix, 1891) is common in several horizons throughout the section. Calpionellids are present in the upper part of the Santa Catarina Ticuá section and are indicative of the middle Berriasian Remaniella cadischiana Subzone, the late Berriasian Calpionellopsis Zone (including the Calpionellopsis simplex and Cs. oblonga subzones) and the early Valanginian Calpionellites darderi Subzone. Our data indicate that biogeographic correlation of faunal and environmental changes is possible across the Berriasian-Valanginian boundary between southern Mexico and faunal realms of the southwestern Gulf of Mexico and the western Tethys, and thus throughout the western hemisphere.

  15. Metals and pesticides in commercial bivalve mollusc production areas in the North and South Bays, Santa Catarina (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, R V; Garbossa, L H P; Campos, C J A; Vianna, L F de N; Vanz, A; Rupp, G S

    2016-04-15

    Concentrations of heavy metals were quantified in mussels Perna perna and Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in 28 cultivation sites in the North and South Bays, SC (Brazil). Concentrations of pesticides were also quantified in these bivalve, water and sediment samples collected in 14 cultivation sites on four occasions in the period October 2012-October 2013. Pesticides were not detected in any of the mussel, oyster, water or sediment samples. The South Bay was found to be generally more contaminated with As while the North Bay showed higher concentrations of Ni. Concentrations of Pb and Cd were below the limit of detection of the method (0.5mg/kg) in all samples. Mussels accumulated more As and Ni than oysters, while the opposite was observed for Cu. Metal concentrations were below the maximum levels for foodstuffs specified in the Brazilian legislation. PMID:26897362

  16. Plantas medicinais de um remascente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana, Urupema, Santa Catarina, Brasil Medicinal plants in a remnant of High Montane Araucaria Moist Forest, Urupema Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    D. Martins-Ramos

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar dados químicos, biológicos e etnobotânicos na literatura científica de espécies medicinais de um remanescente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana. A base para este estudo foi um levantamento florístico realizado na Fazenda das Nascentes, Urupema-SC entre agosto de 2007 e setembro de 2008. A partir da lista de espécies que resultou deste levantamento, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o potencial medicinal das espécies inventariadas. Para as espécies com dados de ação medicinal, foi elaborada chave de identificação vegetativa. Das 64 espécies listadas foram encontradas informações na bibliografia consultada sobre o potencial medicinal de 29. As principais familias foram Asteraceae (oito espécies e Myrtaceae (três espécies. O hábito que mais se destacou entre as plantas com potencial medicinal foi o arbóreo (13 espécies. O componente químico de maior ocorrência entre as espécies foi o óleo essencial (60% das espécies. As atividades terapêuticas mais citadas na literatura consultadas foram antimicrobiana, anti-oxidante, anti-inflamatória, antiviral, antifúngica e anestésica. Os resultados encontrados indicam o imenso potencial econômico da Floresta Ombrófila Mista e ambientes associados como fonte de recursos naturais que fazem parte da cultura e do patrimônio catarinense.The aim of this work was to search for chemical, biological and ethnobotanical data in the scientific literature on medicinal species from a remnant of High Montane Araucaria Moist Forest. This study was based on the floristics performed in "Fazenda das Nascentes", Urupema Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil between August 2007 and September 2008. From the list of species obtained in this survey, a review on the medicinal potential of these recorded species was done. A vegetative identification key was elaborated for species with medicinal action Information about medicinal

  17. Macroeconomia do Turismo Argentino em Santa Catarina

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    Roberto Meurer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Estado de Santa Catarina experimentou um considerável crescimento do setor de turismo nas últimas décadas. O fluxo turístico de origem argentina revelou-se um ingrediente importante dessa trajetória. Este artigo focaliza um aspecto pouco explorado, aparentemente, da participação argentina no turismo estadual: a relação entre a situação macroeconômica do país vizinho e a demanda turística por Santa Catarina lá originada. Começa-se abordando brevemente a problemática geral da macroeconomia do turismo. Depois, discorre-se sobre o crescimento desse setor em Santa Catarina, destacando a presença de argentinos. A terceira parte desenvolve uma análise baseada em tratamento estatístico de dados sobre demanda e receita geradas por esses turistas no estado, com exame das correlações envolvendo taxa de câmbio e taxa de crescimento do PIB da Argentina. Palavras-chave: turismo; Santa Catarina; turistas argentinos; economia argentina Abstract The State of Santa Catarina has witnessed a considerable development of its tourist sector in the last decades. The demand from Argentina has proved to be an important factor of that growth. This article deals with a feature of the presence of Argentinians in the state which seems to be scarcely studied: the relationship between the macroeconomic situation of Argentina and the tourist demand in Santa Catarina originated from that country. The first part of the article considers briefly the general issue of tourism macroeconomics. The second one looks upon tourism growth in Santa Catarina, stressing the presence of visitors from Argentine. The third section develops an analysis based on statistical treatment of data concerning demand and income generated by such tourists in Santa Catarina, involving correlations that consider aspects like exchange rate and the rate of GDP increase in Argentina. Keywords: tourism; Santa Catarina; tourists from Argentina; Argentina’s economy

  18. Clinical and epidemiological features of araneism in the city of Chapecó, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil Epidemiologia do araneísmo no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive and exploratory study was carried out in order to verify the incidence of and characterize accidents with spiders, from 1995 to 2002, in the city of Chapecó, State of Santa Catarina. Notification records kept by the Center for Epidemiologic Surveillance of Chapecó concerning that period of time were analyzed, and the number of occurrences was calculated. In Chapecó, 131 accidents with spiders occurred during that period of time, and the incidence of araneism was of 0.8% in 1995; 0.0% in 1996; 2,2% in 1997; 8.66% in 1998; 11.9% in 1999; 18,4% in 2000; 17,5% in 2001 and 29,8% in 2002. Sixty-two point six per cent (62,6% of these accidents were caused by spider of the genera Loxosceles. Most of them occurred with women and adults from 21 to 60 years old (54,9%. Approximately 80% of the accidents occurred in the urban area, since 80% of the victims lived in the city. The parts of the body that were most bitten by spiders were thigh/legs, foot/toes and hand/fingers. The main clinical alterations presented by the patients were pain, edema and erythema. The season when most accidents occurred was the Spring, and more than 40% of the victims were doing housework . Results from this study showed that the number of accidents has increased significantly in recent years, and that the implementation of public health policies in this area to prevent such accidents to happen is necessary. Este estudo, de caráter descritivo e exploratório, foi realizado com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e caracterizar dos acidentes com aranhas de 1995 a 2002 no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, bem como caracterizar esses acidentes. Para tanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela Vigilância Epidemiológica de Chapecó entre os anos e calculou-se a freqüência das mesmas. Em Chapecó, ocorreram 131 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, e a incidência de araneísmo foi de 0,8% em 1995; 0,0% em 1996; 2

  19. Avaliação de sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos instalado no estado de Santa Catarina The evaluation of swine waste treatment system installed in Santa Catarina state

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    Iria S. Araújo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Os dejetos suínos contribuem de forma significativa em prol da degradação dos recursos naturais e para a diminuição da qualidade de vida na região sul do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. O excesso de dejetos gerados pelo grande número dos suínos por unidade de área dificulta a solução do problema. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento de um sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos, em série e em escala real, composto de unidades anaeróbias, unidades aeróbias e pós-tratamento. Os parâmetros analisados foram: DBO, DQO, PT, P-PO4, N-NH3, NTK, pH, clorofila a, biomassa algal, coliformes totais e coliformes fecais (Escherichia coli. O sistema mostrou que após um ano de funcionamento as eficiências de remoção foram satisfatórias para matéria orgânica e nutrientes, alcançando valores de 97% para DBO, 95% para DQO, 88% para N-NH3 e 74% para PT/P-PO4, mesmo com as variações de vazão e de carga orgânica aplicada. Entretanto, a remoção de coliformes fecais nas unidades aeróbias foi baixa, reduzindo somente 0,86 unidades log na lagoa facultativa aerada e 0,80 unidades log na lagoa de maturação.The swine manure contributes significantly to the degradation of natural resources and to decrease the quality of life in the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The excess of manure produced by the large number of pigs per unit area hinders the solution of the problem. This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of a system developed to treat swine manure, in series and in real scale, composed of anaerobic units, aerobic units and post-treatment. The parameters analyzed were: BOD, COD, TP, PO4-P, NH3-N, TKN, pH, chlorophyll a, algal biomass, total coliforms and fecal coliforms (Escherichia coli. The system showed that, after one year of operation, the removal efficiencies were satisfactory for organic matter and nutrients, reaching values of 97% for BOD, 95% for COD, 88% for N-NH3 and 74% for PT/P-PO4, even

  20. Dez anos de heterocontrole da fluoretação de águas em Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Ten years of external control over water fluoridation in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Mirvaine Panizzi

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a concentração de flúor na água de abastecimento público em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil, no período de 1995 a 2005 e, adicionalmente, avaliar a efetividade de uma intervenção ocorrida em 2003 na qualidade da fluoretação. Foram analisadas 989 amostras de água. Para adequação da concentração de flúor as amostras foram classificadas obedecendo a três critérios utilizados no Brasil. Uma intervenção político-jurídica foi realizada pela municipalidade no ano de 2003. A fim de avaliar a tendência da fluoretação ao longo de todo período e antes e depois da intervenção, utilizou-se o procedimento de Prais-Winsten. Nos dez anos analisados, o sistema de fluoretação de águas apresentou 46%, 32% e 43% de amostras adequadas, dependendo do critério adotado. Previamente à intervenção municipal, a proporção de amostras adequadas foi de 40%, 26% e 36%, aumentando para 63%, 49% e 61% após intervenção, segundo os diferentes critérios de análise. Verificou-se uma melhora na adequação da concentração de flúor após a intervenção municipal. Recomenda-se a continuidade da vigilância da fluoretação de águas, considerando-a processual e de caráter permanente.This study aimed to analyze fluoride concentration in the public water supply in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from 1995 to 2005 and to assess the effectiveness of a fluoridation quality intervention in 2003. A total of 989 water samples were analyzed. Fluoride concentrations were classified according to three different criteria used in Brazil. The city conducted a political and legal intervention in 2003. The Prais-Winsten procedure was used to evaluate the fluoride concentrations over time. In the ten years, the water fluoridation system showed 46%, 32%, and 43% of adequate samples, depending on the criterion. Prior to the municipal intervention, the proportion of adequate samples was 40%, 26%, and 36

  1. Saúde bucal e o desempenho diário de adultos em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil Oral health and daily performance in adults in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Josimari Telino de Lacerda

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available O uso de indicadores subjetivos na odontologia vem se ampliando. Este estudo transversal de base populacional realizado em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil, analisou a relação entre condição bucal e qualidade de vida em adultos de 35 a 44 anos de idade (n = 622 e verificou a influência de: hábitos, visita ao dentista, auto-avaliação da saúde e características sócio-demográficas nesse processo. Usou-se uma amostra selecionada em múltiplos estágios e coleta com profissionais previamente treinados. A proporção de respostas foi de 81%. Na análise dos fatores determinantes para baixa (Oral Impact on Daily Performance - OIDP 10 interferência da saúde bucal no cotidiano, utilizou-se modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não condicional, hierarquizada. A saúde bucal interferiu no cotidiano de 20,7% dos participantes e foi mais grave em 11,4%. Morar em domicílios de maior aglomeração e áreas de pior condição de vida, ser mulher e sentir dor orofacial no último semestre compuseram fatores associados a maior interferência. É recomendável que a percepção dos indivíduos seja considerada simultaneamente à condição clínica na definição de ações dos serviços e de grupos prioritários ao atendimento em saúde bucal.The use of subjective indicators in dentistry has been increasing. This was a population-based cross-sectional study in the city of Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, analyzing the relationship between oral health conditions and quality of life in 35-44-year-old adults (n = 622. A further objective was to observe the influence of habits, dental visits, self-evaluation of health status, and socio-demographic characteristics in this process. The sample was selected using a multiple-stage approach. Trained professionals collected the data. A multiple non-conditional, hierarchical logistic regression model was used to analyze the determinants of low (Oral Impact on Daily Performance - OIDP 10

  2. CATCH, EFFORT AND CPUE OF SWORDFISH (XIPHIAS GLADIUS LANDED IN SANTA CATARINA STATE IN 2000 AND 2001 CAPTURA, ESFORÇO E CPUE DO ESPADARTE (Xiphias gladius DESEMBARCADO EM SANTA CATARINA EM 2000 E 2001

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    F. P. MAYER

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Fishing effort and catch of swordfish (Xiphias gladius landed by long-line fleet in Santa Catarina state during 2000 and 2001 were the subject of this study. These data was derived from a sampling program implemented in 2000, aiming the collection of information on the swordfish fishery and of useful information to support ICCAT management decisions. The fleet concentrated fishing effort in the area between 25º-40ºS/40º-55ºW. However, there were some boats fishing close to the Vitória-Trindade archipelago, the Rio Grande rise, and the Malvinas Island. In general, high catches were usually observed in the area between 30º-35ºS/45º-50ºW. Elevated CPUEs (kg/day fishing with 1000 hooks occurred mostly in oceanic regions (seldom explored by the fleet. However, in the 3rd and 4th quarters, coastal waters also seem to be productive. Beside swordfish, the main species caught by the long-liners were: bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus, albacore (T. alalunga, yellowfin tuna (T. albacares, and the blue shark (Prionace glauca. There was a predominance of blue shark in all quarters, especially in 1st (82%. Swordfish was the 2nd most important species in the landings, increasing its contribution from the 1st (around 12% to the 4th quarter (around 22%. This increase in the swordfish landings was caused in part by trends in swordfish increasing catches and CPUEs, but also by the decrease of blue shark catches. Neste trabalho foram analisados dados referentes ao esforço de pesca e à captura de espadarte (Xiphias gladius, obtidos nos desembarques da frota industrial de espinhel de superfície de Santa Catarina no segundo semestre de 2000 e em 2001. Estes dados foram coletados a partir de um programa iniciado em 2000, com a intenção de se obter um maior conhecimento sobre a biologia pesqueira desta espécie, e de auxiliar o monitoramento desta pescaria no estado de Santa Catarina, gerando informações úteis para a tomada de decisões de manejo deste

  3. Possíveis indícios da biblioteca escolar na rede pública do estado de santa catarina: estudo de um acervo bibliográfico museológico A view of school library at the public school network from the Santa Catarina State: a study of a museologic collection book

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    Gisela Eggert Steindel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available [Portuguese] Trata-se de uma pesquisa em andamento, de caráter descritivo e documental abrangendo as áreas da História da Educação, Biblioteconomia e Museologia. Analisa um acervo bibliográfico existente no Museu da Escola Catarinense visando reconhecer alguns aspectos da biblioteca escolar em Santa Catarina na Rede de Ensino Pública. [English] This is a descriptive and documental research that comprises the Education History, Librarianship and Museology areas. A book collection from the Museu da Escola Catarinense is examined to identify relevant aspects of the school library at the public school network at the state of Santa Catarina.

  4. Quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds and seedlings from Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná states

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    Edicléia Aparecida Iensen Cherobini

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to study the vigor and the quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds from samples of three differentstates, Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Santa Catarina (SC and Paraná (PR and to evaluate the seedlings quality produced by these seeds.The seeds were submitted to evaluations of moisture content, germination, vigor and healthy. The seedlings quality was evaluated byhard seeds, dead seeds, emergence, seedling height, root length, collar diameter, fresh and dry weight of seedlings. On the seedsevaluations, the samples from SC and PR presented better results for first count of germination, dry matter and accelerate aging. Thefungi associated to the seeds were Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Penicillium sp. and Trichoderma sp. About the seedlings evaluations,seeds from PR showed the bests results when the differences between tests were significant (emergence, root length and dry weight ofseedlings. Some of the labs variables had correlation with the seedlings variables.

  5. O diálogo e a participação em um conselho de saúde em Santa Catarina, Brasil Dialogue and participation in a local health council in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Águeda Wendhausen

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Ainda que costumemos acreditar que participação implica necessariamente em diálogo, a prática concreta nos mostra que seus caminhos podem ser divergentes. Neste estudo, realizado em um Conselho de Saúde de um município catarinense foram analisados, a partir de 39 atas de reuniões, os mecanismos e estratégias discursivas que aparecem como "obstrutores" do diálogo, que como constatamos, permanece ausente apesar de se tratar de uma instância participativa. Dentre essas estratégias foram isoladas algumas expressões que Umberto Eco chamou de "hipercodificações", cuja função no conselho parece ser a de fechar qualquer debate. As hipercodificações encontradas foram expressões do jargão técnico, administrativo e político. Mediante essas estratégias discursivas utilizadas, observamos que a linguagem é usada como um ardil que fecha as possibilidades de interlocução democrática, truncando o diálogo. Desse modo, há pouca transitividade nos poderes dos diversos segmentos no conselho estudado, os quais acabam se concentrando principalmente no segmento governamental.Although we are accustomed to believing that dialogue must involve participation, actual practice shows that it can occur in different ways. In this study, conducted in a municipal health council in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, the discursive mechanisms and strategies that appear as "obstacles" to this dialogue were analyzed, based on the minutes from 39 council meetings. Dialogue remained absent even though the council was intended as a forum for participation. Among the strategies, certain expressions which Umberto Eco refers to as "hypercodifications" were identified. Such expressions apparently act to block any debate in the council. The hypercodifications identified in this study were expressions of technical, administrative, and political jargon. Through these discursive strategies, the authors observed that language is used as a ruse, closing off

  6. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil

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    Pasquale Contestabile

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bring more than 1 GW of capacity. Assessment of wave energy resources is needed along the coastline. This work studied the potential wave energy along the north-central coasts of Santa Catarina, in Southern Brazil, by analysis of the hindcast data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF. The annual offshore wave power was found to be equal to 15.25 kW/m, the bulk of which is provided by southeastern waves. The nearshore energetic patterns were studied by means of a numerical coastal propagation model (Mike21 SW. The mean wave power of 20 m isobaths is 11.43 kW/m. Supplementary considerations are drawn on realistic perspectives for wave energy converters installations.

  7. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Tiago José Canali

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9% had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%. Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study.

  8. Agaricales em áreas de Floresta Ombrófila Densa e plantações de Pinus no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Agaricales in Atlantic rain forest and Pinus plantations in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Karstedt; Sidney Luiz Stürmer

    2008-01-01

    Os sistemas florestais de Santa Catarina são poucos estudados em relação à diversidade de Agaricales. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar e comparar a diversidade de Agaricales em dois sistemas florestais, no município de Joinville, SC. Parcelas de 20×20 m foram estabelecidas: três em Floresta Ombrófila Densa e três em plantações de Pinus. Basidiomas de fungos agaricóides foram coletados em janeiro, março, maio, julho, setembro e novembro/2004. Foram identificadas 40 espécies, 31 na...

  9. Hydrometeor and latent heat profiles of tropical cyclones Conson, Ivan and Catarina using PR/TRMM data Perfis de hidrometeoros e de calor latente dos ciclones tropicais Conson, Ivan e Catarina usando dados do PR/TRMM

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    Marcelo Barbio Rosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Microphysical and thermodynamical features of two tropical systems, namely Hurricane Ivan and Typhoon Conson, and one sub-tropical, Catarina, have been analyzed based on space-born radar PR measurements available on the TRMM satellite. The procedure to classify the reflectivity profiles followed the Heymsfield et al (2000 and Steiner et al (1995 methodologies. The water and ice content have been calculated using a relationship obtained with data of the surface SPOL radar and PR in Rondonia State in Brazil. The diabatic heating rate due to latent heat release has been estimated using the methodology developed by Tao et al (1990. A more detailed analysis has been performed for Hurricane Catarina, the first of its kind in South Atlantic. High water content mean value has been found in Conson and Ivan at low levels and close to their centers. Results indicate that hurricane Catarina was shallower than the other two systems, with less water and the water was concentrated closer to its center. The mean ice content in Catarina was about 0.05 g kg-1 while in Conson it was 0.06 g kg-1 and in Ivan 0.08 g kg-1. Conson and Ivan had water content up to 0.3 g kg-1 above the 0ºC layer, while Catarina had less than 0.15 g kg-1. The latent heat released by Catarina showed to be very similar to the other two systems, except in the regions closer to the center.No presente trabalho foram analisados as características microfísicas e termodinâmicas de dois sistemas tropicais, o Furacão Ivan e o Tufão Conson, e um sub-tropical, Catarina, a partir de medições feitas com o radar PR a bordo do satélite TRMM. Na análise, os perfis de refletividade foram classificados conforme as técnicas de Heymsfield et al (2000 e Steiner et al (1995 e em seguida foram calculados os conteúdos de água e gelo, a partir de uma relação obtida no Estado de Rondônia (Brasil. Com estes perfis calculou-se a taxa de aquecimento diabático devido a liberação de calor

  10. Noteworthy records of reptiles from natural open vegetation areas in plateau and coastal areas of the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.; Tobias Saraiva Kunz; Jorge José Cherem; Renato Silveira Bérnils

    2009-01-01

    The composition and geographic distribution of reptiles in Santa Catarina are little known, particularly in the open areas of its plateau (covered with ombrophylous steppe) and Atlantic littoral (coastal dunes with thin, low, and predominant herbaceous vegetation known as restinga). Aiming to contribute to the knowledge of reptiles that inhabit these areas, this paper presents sixteen records of previously unknown or uncommon species in Santa Catarina: Acanthochelys spixii, Anops kingii, Cnem...

  11. The Floristic and Forest Inventory of Santa Catarina State (IFFSC: methodological and operational aspects Inventário florístico florestal de Santa Catarina (IFFSC: aspectos metodológicos e operacionais

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    Alexander Christian Vibrans

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to contribute to the discussion on regional and national forest inventories, aiming mainly on aspects of methodos and operational. The Floristic and Forest Inventory of Santa Catarina State (IFFSC is an initiative of the state government and it was conceived in order to attend requirements of environmental laws. A pilot inventory took place in  2005; then the methodology was fitted to the proposal of the National Forest Inventory (IFN-BR in discussion at the time. IFFSC is carried out since 2007 in all natural forest formations all over the state’s territory, including floristic sampling (collection of fertile trees, shrubs and herbs within the sample unit and in its surroundings and survey of vascular epiphytes by specialized crews. The inventory applies a systematic sampling, with sample units containing clusters of four crosswise 1,000 m² plots (20 m x 50 m, distributed systematically at the intersections of a 10 km x 10 km grid all over the state’s territory (a 5 km x 5 km grid is applied on highly fragmentized Seasonal Deciduous Forests. Methodological details and some important operational issues are discussed beyond the four years experience of IFFSC. Major sampling intensity and lower diameter and height thresholds (in the arboreal and regeneration strata than in the nationwide inventory proposal (IFN-BR, as well as the execution of a floristic survey within and around the sample plots, showed to be important to record plant diversity of Santa Catarina’s forests.

    doi: 10.4336/2010.pfb.64.291

  1. Analysis for grouping of factors of performance of technology-based enterprise in incubators: study of the incubators of the State of Santa Catarina

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    Pedro Paulo Andrade Júnior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study it has for objective to evaluate the capacity of overcoming of difficulties of Technology-based enterprise in incubators, aiming at to the proposal of action of improvements and performance for groupings, using as reference the incubators the State of Santa Catarina. The used methodology privileges the qualitative approach. The research is characterized for being of the type description-exploratory, carried through under the study form multicase. The interview constitutes the main instrument of collection of data. Intentional samples had been used to select the citizens of this inquiry. For presentation and analysis of the data set and interpretation of the verbal stories, it was used technique of content analysis and the technique of triangulation for quarrel of the results. The results of the research had allowed identifying to the difficulties of resident enterprise in incubators and its relevance in the overcoming of the difficulties on the basis of four groupings: in the financial restrictions, of management, production and commercialization considering elements that allow action of improvement. Moreover, the research contributes practice by proposing of actions for improvements to be adopted by companies and also by incubators in order to improve their factors of performance and evaluation.

  2. ENVIROMENTAL VARIABLE INFLUENCE ON THE TREE COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND FLORISTIC PATTERNS IN A MONTANE ARAUCARIA FOREST FRAGMENT IN LAGES, SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Pedro Higuchi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050985081This study aimed to characterize the floristic composition and structure of the tree component of a montane Araucaria Forest fragment and to assess the influence of environmental variables on the patterns observed. The study area was located in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina state, close to the margin of the Caveiras River. The vegetation and the environmental variables (physical and chemical soils characteristics, relief and canopy cover were surveyed within 50, 20 x 10m, permanent plots allocated systematically stratified in the forest fragment. All trees with circumference at breast height (CBH ³ 15,7 cm were measured (CBH and height and identified. It was calculated the importance value (VI of the species found, performed the ordination of plots according to the abundance of species through the analysis of NMDS (Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling and plotted the "a posterior" the significant environmental variables in the ordination diagram. One thousand, eight hundred and forty-three (1,843 individuals were sampled, which added up to a total basal area of 36.45 m2, distributed in 37 botanical families, 63 genera and 92 species. The three species with the highest values of VI were Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. Kuntze, Lithraea brasiliensis Marchand and Jacaranda puberula Cham. The variables that showed the higher correlation with the tree component structure and floristic composition were the pH, the plot highest declivity and the Mg content.

  3. Characterization of Santa Catarina (Brazil) coal with respect to human health and environmental concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, L.F.O.; Oliveira, M.L.S.; Boit, K.M.; Finkelman, R.B.

    2009-01-01

    The current paper presents the concentration, distribution, and modes of occurrence of trace elements of 13 coals from south Brazil. The samples were collected in the state of Santa Catarina. Chemical analyses and the high ash yields indicate that all studied coals are rich in mineral matter, with SiO2 and Al2O3 dominating as determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Quartz is the main mineral species and is associated with minor levels of feldspars, kaolinite, hematite, and iron-rich carbonates. The contents of trace elements, including As, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Mn, Be, V, U, Zn, Li, Cu, Tl, and Ni, in coals were determined. A comparison of ranges and means of elemental concentrations in Santa Catarina, Brazil, and world coals shows that the ranges of most elements in Santa Catarina coal are very close to the usual worldwide concentration ranges in coal. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

  4. Desempenho vitivinícola da Cabernet Sauvignon sobre diferentes porta-enxertos em região de altitude de Santa Catarina Viticultural performance of cabernet sauvignon grafted on different rootstocks in high altitude regions of Santa Catarina state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fontanella Brighenti

    2011-03-01

    to environmental factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate three rootstocks and two training systems on vineyard productivity, scion growth and fruit physical features. The study was conducted in a experimental vineyard located at the city of Painel (28°01'02"S and 50°08'57"W, altitude 1200 m, in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The cultivar evaluated was Cabernet Sauvingon grafted on Paulsen 1103 (V. berlandieri x V. rupestris, Couderc 3309 and 101-14 Mgt (V. riparia x V. rupestris, the training systems evaluated were vertical shoot positioning trellis and Y trellis. The plants were five years old and the spacing was 3,0 x 1,5 m. The experiment was evaluated at the seasons 2007/08 and 2008/09. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with four blocks and 20 plants per plot. The variables analysed were leaf area, productivity, Ravaz index, pruning weight, weight and diameter of berries, cluster weight, number of berries per cluster, soluble solids contents, total acidity, pH, anthocyanins contents, total polyphenols index and tannins. Plants grafted on 1103P presented the lowest productivity and biggest leaf area. 3309C is the rootstock less vigorous, produces heavier berries and interferes positively on fruit set when increases the number of berries per cluster and berry weight. The rootstocks 1103 P and 101-14 Mgt, presents the best results for total anthocyanins contents.

  5. Enteropatógenos associados com diarréia infantil (< 5 anos de idade em amostra da população da área metropolitana de Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Felice Jaqueline Schnack

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Foi investigada a presença de enteropatógenos em 94 casos de diarréia e 45 casos-controle em crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade, atendidas no Centro de Saúde Municipal de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Entre os parasitos isolados, o Cryptosporidium (85,1% foi o mais freqüente, seguido pela Entamoeba histolytica (56,4% e a Giardia lamblia (4,3%. Quatro amostras apresentaram Escherichia coli enteropatogênica (4,3%. A Samonella e a Shiguella não foram detectadas em nenhuma amostra. Somente um caso foi positivo para o rotavírus (1,1%.Enteropathogens were investigated in 94 children with diarrhea and 45 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, attending an outpatient unit in Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cryptosporidium (85.1% topped the list of parasite isolates, followed by Entamoeba histolytica (56.4% and Giardia lamblia (4.3%. Four samples contained enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (4.3%. Samonella and Shiguella were not detected. Only one sample contained rotavirus (1.1%.

  6. Phlebotomine sandflies in a focus of dermal leishmaniasis in the eastern region of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina: preliminary results (Diptera: Psychodidae Flebotomíneos num foco de leishmaniose tegumentar na região leste do Estado de Santa Catarina: resultados preliminares (Diptera: Psychodidae

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    Carlos Brisola Marcondes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Due to the occurrence of cases of dermal leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Piçarras, in the East of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, collections of Phlebotomine sandflies by the use of CDC-like light traps were developed near the houses of the patients. Three species (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri and Lu. ayrozai were collected. Lu. neivai was predominant near the houses, and Lu. ayrozai was collected in a secondary forest in a nearby municipality (Navegantes. The novelty of this focus, the most southern one in the East of Brazil, underscores the need for more complete studies on the sandfly fauna.Devido à ocorrência de casos de leishmaniose tegumentar no Município de Piçarras, na parte leste do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram realizadas coletas com armadilhas luminosas tipo CDC nas proximidades de casas de pacientes. Três espécies (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri e Lu. ayrozai estavam representadas nas coletas. Lu. neivai foi predominante e Lu. ayrozai foi coletada em mata secundária. O ineditismo deste foco, o mais meridional no leste do Brasil, indica serem necessários estudos mais detalhados da fauna de flebotomíneos na área.

  7. Monitoramento microbiológico de águas subterrâneas em cidades do Extremo Oeste de Santa Catarina Microbiological monitoring of underground waters in cities of the Extreme West of Santa Catarina State

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    Francieli Rohden

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A degradação dos recursos naturais vem aumentando em números alarmantes, principalmente, as fontes hídricas. Devido a isto, cada vez mais as populações vêm utilizando águas subterrâneas para consumo humano. Contudo, o grande problema é a contaminação destas por microrganismos patogênicos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de águas subterrâneas em municípios do Extremo Oeste de Santa Catarina. Foram analisadas 149 amostras de água de poços em catorze municípios, durante o período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2006. Foram determinados em todas as amostras os números mais prováveis de coliformes totais e termotolerantes. Os resultados apresentaram altos índices de amostras impróprias para consumo, com 54,7% em 2005 e 56,7% em 2006. Os nossos dados evidenciam os riscos para doenças de veiculação hídrica que a população da região está exposta com o consumo desta água, mostrando um grave problema de saúde pública.The degradation of natural resources is increasing in alarming numbers, especially water sources that is constant changes in its quality. Because of this, more and more people come using groundwater for human consumption, but the big problem is contamination by these pathogenic microorganisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of groundwater districts in the Extreme West of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We analyzed 149 samples of water from wells in 14 municipalities during the period January 2005 to December 2006. Were determined in all samples the total coliform and thermotolerant. The results showed high rates of samples inappropriate for consumption, with 54.7% in 2005 and 56.7% in 2006. Our data show the risk of diseases spreading of water that the region's population is exposed to the consumption of water, showing a serious public health problem.

  8. Structural analysis and magmatism characterization of the Major Gercino shear zone, Santa Catarina State, Brazil; Analise estrutural e caracterizacao do magmatismo da zona de cisalhamento Major Gercino, SC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passarelli, Claudia Regina

    1996-12-31

    This work describes the geometric and kinematic characteristics of the Major Gercino Shear Zone (MGSZ) in the Canelinha-Garcia area. This shear zone is one of the major lineaments that affect all southern Brazilian precambrian terrains. In Santa Catarina State, it separates, along its whole extension, the supracrustal rocks of the Brusque belt (northern part) from the Granitoid belt (southern). This zone is characterized by a regional NE trend and a dextral sense of movement where ductile-brittle structures predominate. The MGSZ is composed of two mylonitic belts separated by granitoid rocks probably associated to the development of the shear zone. Both shear zones show cataclastic to ultra mylonitic rocks, but mylonites and protomylonites conditions at high strain rate. The calc-alkaline granitoids present in the area can be grouped in two granitoid associations with meta to peraluminous affinities. The Rolador Granitoid Association is characterized by grayish porphyritic biotite-monzogranites and the Fernandes Granitoid Association by coarsed-grained to porphyritic pinkish amphibole-syenogranites. The U-Pb and Rb-Sr ages range from 670 to 590 Ma with the Sr{sup 87} / Sr{sup 86} initial ratios suggesting a crustal contribution in the generation of these rocks. The importance of the pure shear component is also emphasized by the results of the Fry method. Many z axes of the strain ellipses are at high angle to the shear foliation. Symmetric porphyroclasts also corroborate this hypothesis. The micaceous minerals formed during the shear development indicate K-Ar ages around 555 {+-} 15 Ma. Brittle reactivations of the shear zone have been placed by K-Ar in fine-fraction materials at Triassic time (215 {+-} 15 Ma.) 220 refs., 107 figs., 18 tabs., 4 maps

  9. Coexistence of halloysite and kaolinite: a study on the genesis of kaolin clays of Campo Alegre Basin, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Marisa T.G. de Oliveira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Kaolin at Campo Alegre Basin, Santa Catarina State, Brazil was formed from alteration of volcanic acid rocks. Halloysite clays dominate the clay fraction of the matrix of the kaolin body, whereas a poorly crystalline kaolinite is abundant in veins. Some primary blocky structures have high amounts of illite, in one mine, but in general, only low contents of illite-smectite, illite, chlorite-vermiculite, vermiculite and quartz were identified in the clay fraction of the samples. Toward the top of the mines, hematite and lepidocrocite appear in horizontal red and ochre colored levels and the amount of kaolinite increases compared to halloysite. The vertical zoning of alteration levels, the changes in mineralogy, the positive correlation between depth and Cation Exchange Capacity of the clays, the preservation of different types of rock textures in the kaolin bodies, the dominant tube morphology of the halloysite clays indicate a supergene genesis for the deposits. Criteria to distinguish between supergene and hypogene kaolin are discussed. Transmission Electron Microscopy of the cross sections of halloysite tubes showed polygonal forms that are ascribed to be transitional between kaolinite and halloysite. It is proposed that some of the kaolinite of these deposits be inherited from the dehydration of halloysite tubes.O caolim da Bacia de Campo Alegre, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, formou-se da alteração de rochas vulcânicas ácidas. A haloisita predomina na fração argila da matriz do corpo de caolim, enquanto a caolinita, de baixa cristalinidade, é abundante nos veios. Algumas estruturas em blocos, primários, têm altos teores de ilita em uma mina, mas no geral, somente foram identificadas, na fração argila das amostras, baixas quantidades de ilita-esmectita, ilita, clorita-vermiculita, vermiculita e quartzo. Em direção ao topo das minas aparecem hematita e lepidocrocita em níveis vermelhos e ocres e as quantidades de caolinita

  10. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Parâmetros hematológicos de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) em local poluído e não poluído no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo; Maurício Laterça Martins; Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araújo Greinert-Goulart; Ayrton Adão Schmitt-Júnior; Luciana Ghiraldelli

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculatuscaptured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, f...

  11. Intoxicação espontânea pelas larvas de Perreyia flavipes em bovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Spontaneous poisoning by larvae of Perreyia flavipes in cattle from the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Djeison Lutier Raymundo

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, é descrito um surto de intoxicação por Perreyia flavipes ocorrido em agosto de 2006, em um rebanho bovino de 280 animais, no município de Sombrio, em Santa Catarina. Ocorreram 17 mortes em um lote de 77 bovinos de raça mista com idades entre um e dois anos mantidos em um piquete (P1 de aproximadamente 90 hectares por cerca de 30 dias. Após as primeiras duas mortes, os animais foram movidos para um segundo piquete (P2, onde ainda ocorreram 15 mortes nos cinco dias após a transferência. Seis bovinos foram necropsiados, e amostras de tecidos foram avaliadas para exame histológico. Os achados de necropsia incluíam hemorragias subcutâneas na mucosa do abomaso e superfície subepicárdica. Ascite e edema do abomaso, duodeno, pâncreas e vesícula biliar foram observados. O fígado apresentava-se amarelado com petéquias subcapsulares e acentuação do padrão lobular. No rúmen de três bovinos, foram encontrados fragmentos de corpos e cabeças de larvas de P. flavipes em meio ao conteúdo ruminal. Histologicamente o fígado apresentava tumefação hepatocelular e necrose centrolobular e mediozonal, difusa e acentuada, com hemorragia e congestão centrolobular. Havia depleção e necrose linfóide no baço, placas de Peyer e linfonodos mesentéricos. O diagnóstico de intoxicação pelas larvas da P. flavipes foi baseado nos dados epidemiológicos, nos achados de necropsia e nas alterações histopatológicas. As lesões hepáticas e em tecidos linfóides, além da grande quantidade de larvas de P. flavipes no primeiro piquete (P1 e no rúmen de animais necropsiados, foram dados importantes para o diagnóstico.This article describes an outbreak of Perreyia flavipes poisoning in August of 2006 in a cattle herd of 280 animals in Sombrio, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Seventeen bovines between 1 and 2 years old from one herd of 77 mixed breed cattle died. The herd was kept in a paddock of 90 hectares (P1 for 30 days. After

  12. Predation of Opuntia monacantha (Willd. Haw. (Cactaceae by Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae in a sand bank area of Santa Catarina island, south Brazil

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    Afonso Inácio Orth

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The genus Opuntia is worldwide known for its ecological, ornamental and agronomic importance. Some species became pests in the countries in which they where introduced, and as biological control, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae larvae, originary from Argentina, were used. However, the effect of the attack of this piralid on native cactus has yet not been elucidated. The objective of this study was to detect and to quantify the predation of C. cactorum on Opuntia monacantha. The study was carried out from September to November of 2004, along pre-defined tracks, on a sand bank vegetation area, between the Mole and Galheta beaches in the Santa Catarina island (27º35’83.1’’S e 48º25’70.6’’W. All the studied plants (n = 20 presented some damage caused by C. cactorum. The proportion of unpredated cladodes (68% and fruits (85% was higher than the predated ones. Terminal cladodes were highly predated structures and presented the highest number of larvae inside. Seed loss in the predated fruits was high. The remaining areole of the predated cladodes and fruits differentiated into sprouts and routs and formed new plants. O. monacantha, despite of being predated by C. cactorum larvae, apparently possess defense mechanisms which assure the maintenance of its populations.

  13. Fatores associados com a incapacidade funcional em idosos do Município de Guatambu, Santa Catarina, Brasil Factors associated with functional incapacity among the elderly in Guatambu, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Kelly Antunes dos Santos

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo era estimar a prevalência de incapacidade funcional e seus fatores associados. Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional (censo com 352 pessoas com idade maior ou igual 60 anos do Município de Guatambu, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Entrevistas foram realizadas pelos agentes de saúde. A incapacidade funcional foi medida usando-se o índice de Barthel. A análise dos dados utilizou regressão de Poisson. A prevalência de algum tipo de incapacidade funcional (leve, moderada, grave ou total foi igual a 30,5% (IC95%: 25,6-35,2. A incapacidade funcional foi maior (p The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of functional incapacity and associated factors. A cross-sectional population-based study included 352 elderly subjects (> 60 years in a small Brazilian town. Community-based health workers conducted structured interviews. Functional incapacity was measured by the Barthel index. Data analysis used Poisson regression to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR and the respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI. Prevalence of any kind of functional incapacity (mild, moderate, severe, or total was 30.5% (95%CI: 25.6-35.2. Functional incapacity was higher (p 5 years of schooling (PR = 2.21; 95%CI: 1.02-4.79; in people with low versus high quality of life (PR = 1.83; 95%CI: 1.13-2.97; in those with poor versus good self-rated health (PR = 1.73; 95%CI: 1.11-2.69; and in retired individuals compared to those working regularly (PR = 2.12; 95%CI: 1.19-3.78. Our results suggest that functional capacity involves interaction among multidimensional factors including self-reported health, independent daily life, and psychosocial and socioeconomic factors.

  14. Chaunus ictericus (Spix, 1824) as paratenic host of the giant kidney worm Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda: Enoplida) in São Cristóvão district, Três Barras county, Santa Catarina state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrassani, Daniela; Hoppe, Estevam Guilherme Lux; Tebaldi, José Hairton; do Nascimento, Adjair Antonio

    2009-10-28

    Dioctophyme renale larvae have been found in cysts in the gastric wall of 5.17% (3/58) Chaunus ictericus specimens from São Cristóvão district, Três Barras municipality, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. However, larvae of this nematode were not found in sympatric Chaunus schneideri. The larvae caused a mild granulomatous reaction. This is the first report of paratenic hosts for D. renale in Brazil, and probably is also the first in the Neotropical region. PMID:19664882

  15. South Africa's "Developmental State" Distraction

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    Patrick Bond

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The idea that the South African ruling elite has the political will to establish a “developmental state” project early in the 21st century is popular, but is not borne out by evidence thus far. Patrick Bond reviews new information about the neoliberal project’s failures, which range from macroeconomics to microdevelopment to pro-corporate megaprojects, and which are accompanied by a tokenistic welfare policy not designed to provide sufficient sustenance or entitlements to the society. The critique by the independent left might be revised in the event that the trade unions and communist influences within the ruling Alliance strengthen, but there is a greater likelihood that the world capitalist crisis will have the opposite impact. Nevertheless, widespread grassroots protests and impressive campaigning by civil society keep alive the hope for a post-capitalist, post-nationalist politics, as bandaiding South African capitalism runs into trouble.

  16. The zooplankton of Santa Catarina continental shelf in southern Brazil with emphasis on Copepoda and Cladocera and their relationship with physical coastal processes El zooplancton de la plataforma continental de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil con énfasis en Copepoda y Cladocera y sus relaciones con procesos físicos costeros

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Domingos-Nunes; Charrid Resgalla Jr

    2012-01-01

    Very few studies have been carried out to exclusively investigate the zooplankton community of Santa Catarina State continental shelf, despite the economic and ecological importance of the area. This coastal region of southern Brazil presents highly relevant oceanographic processes, such as the strong influence of continental inputs, resurgence in the Cabo de Santa Marta Grande and River Plata plume water to the south. Two sampling cruises were carried out, in December 2005 and May 2006, in o...

  17. A Composição e a Evolução das Despesas com Pessoal no Estado de Santa Catarina de 2000 a 2011 = The composition and evolution of expenses on personnel in the state of Santa Catarina from 2000 to 2011

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    Paula de Souza

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A existência de limites para as despesas com pessoal no âmbito da União, dos Estados e dos Municípios se mostra presente desde a Carta Magna de 1967. Entretanto, a Lei Complementar n. 101, de 4 de maio de 2000, conhecida como Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF, conferiu mudanças consideráveis, impondo regras e limites mais específicos para as referidas despesas. Nesse contexto, este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar a composição e a evolução das despesas com pessoal nos Poderes e órgãos do Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 2000 a 2011. Além dos limites globais, contemplaram-se os limites prudencial e o de alerta. Adicionalmente, realizou-se ajuste monetário dos valores conforme o Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA, tornando-se possível identificar o desempenho do Estado catarinense em relação ao cumprimento dos limites específicos. Dessa forma, constatou-se que o Estado de Santa Catarina, considerado o ente, ultrapassou todos os limites para as despesas com pessoal apenas no ano de 2000. Todavia, nos anos de 2001 e 2005 o limite de alerta foi extrapolado e nos anos de 2002 a 2004 o limite prudencial foi excedido. Em apenas três anos do período em estudo o aumento da despesa com pessoal foi maior do que a realização dos juros e encargos da dívida pública. A receita corrente líquida representou cerca de 9% do PIB do Estado no período, enquanto que a despesa com pessoal chegou a representar o máximo de 5,24% em 2002.The existence of limits for expenses on personnel in the sphere of the Union, the states and the municipalities has been present since the Magna Carta of 1967. However, the Complementary Law nº 101, of May 4, 2000, known as Fiscal Responsibility Law (LRF, conferred considerable changes, imposing more specific rules and limits for the mentioned expenses. In this context, this paper aims at presenting the overall composition and evolution of expenses on personnel at the Powers

  18. Noteworthy records of reptiles from natural open vegetation areas in plateau and coastal areas of the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The composition and geographic distribution of reptiles in Santa Catarina are little known, particularly in the open areas of its plateau (covered with ombrophylous steppe and Atlantic littoral (coastal dunes with thin, low, and predominant herbaceous vegetation known as restinga. Aiming to contribute to the knowledge of reptiles that inhabit these areas, this paper presents sixteen records of previously unknown or uncommon species in Santa Catarina: Acanthochelys spixii, Anops kingii, Cnemidophorus lacertoides, C. vacariensis, Leptotyphlops munoai, Mastigodryas b. bifossatus, Tantilla aff. melanocephala, Atractus reticulatus, Gomesophis brasiliensis, Lygophis flavifrenatus, Oxyrhopus r. rhombifer, Phalotris reticulatus, Philodryas agassizii, Xenodon dorbignyi, Micrurus altirostris and Bothrops pubescens. Aspects of the distribution and conservation of these species are discussed briefly.

  19. Composition of mixed flocks of understory forest birds in areas of the Atlantic coast and lowlands of Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil

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    Marcos Antonio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available An accompaniment of forest mixed flocks was carried in two localities of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, one on a forest hillside of the Atlantic on the Island of Santa Catarina (June to September, 2000 and another in a quaternary plain forest of the Volta Velha Reserve, Itapoá (June to November, 2000. Sixty-four species of birds were registered from the 79 identified flocks, 33 of which showed a frequency of occurrence above 10%. The flocks had an average number of six species. The nuclear species responsible for the aggregation and compacting of the flocks, for the two localities was Basileuterus culicivorus. The mixed flocks presented little difference in their composition in the two areas. This is probably due to the history of the colonization and the distinct forest formations of the two areas involved.

  20. New perspectives on the synoptic and mesoscale structure of Hurricane Catarina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira Filho, Augusto José; Pezza, Alexandre Bernardes; Simmonds, Ian; Lima, Raquel Silva; Vianna, Marcio

    2010-02-01

    This work explores in detail synoptic and mesoscale features of Hurricane Catarina during its life cycle from a decaying baroclinic wave to a tropical depression that underwent tropical transition (TT) and finally to a Category 2 hurricane at landfall over Santa Catarina State coast, southern Brazil. This unique system caused 11 deaths mostly off the Brazilian coast and an estimated half billion dollars in damage in a matter of a few hours on 28 March 2004. Although the closest meteorological station available was tens of kilometres away from the eye, in situ meteorological measurements provided by a work-team sent to the area where the eye made landfall unequivocally reproduces the tropical signature with category 2 strength, adding to previous analysis where this data was not available. Further analyses are based mostly on remote sensing data available at the time of the event. A classic dipole blocking set synoptic conditions for Hurricane Catarina to develop, dynamically contributing to the low wind shear observed. On the other hand, on its westward transit, large scale subsidence limited its strength and vertical development. Catarina had relatively cool SST conditions, but this was mitigated by favourable air-sea fluxes leading to latent heat release-driven processes during the mature phase. The ocean's dynamic topography also suggested the presence of nearby warm core rings which may have facilitated the transition and post-transition intensification. Since there were no records of such a system at least in the past 30 years and given that SSTs were generally below 26 °C and vertical shear was usually strong, despite all satellite data available, the system was initially classified as an extratropical cyclone. Here we hypothesise that this categorization was based on inadequate regional scale model outputs which did not account for the importance of the latent heat fluxes over the ocean. Hurricane Catarina represents a dramatic event on weather systems in

  1. The Perception of the stakeholders influences strategies and its relation with the generic strategy: case study in small business enterprises of the north coast of Santa Catarina State

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Freitas; Valmir Emil Hoffmann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to analyze the relationship between the stakeholders’ influence strategy perception and the generic strategy in the small business enterprises in the cities of the North Coast of Santa Catarina, according to the typologies proposed. The work, which has a predominantly quantitative nature, was realized in 148 (one hundred and forty-eight) business enterprises and services, by means of the application of three questionnaires in each company. The results fou...

  2. Caracterização da diversidade genética entre acessos crioulos de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. coletados em Santa Catarina por marcadores RAPD Characterization of the genetic diversity of landraces of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. collected in Santa Catarina State by RAPD markers

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    Márcio Fonseca de Carvalho

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento da diversidade genética, por meio da dissimilaridade entre os genótipos, permite a organização, a amostragem e a utilização eficiente do germoplasma em programas de melhoramento genético. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar a dissimilaridade entre acessos crioulos de feijão coletados no Estado de Santa Catarina, integrantes do banco ativo de germoplasma de feijão da UDESC e de três cultivares comerciais ("Pérola", "SCS 202-Guará" e "BRS Valente", por meio de marcadores moleculares RAPD. Foram utilizados 21 iniciadores decâmeros que permitiram a visualização de 96 bandas, sendo que 41 (42,7% apresentaram polimorfismo entre os acessos estudados, resultando em bandas entre 650 e 2000pb. A dissimilaridade foi calculada utilizando-se o coeficiente de Sorensen-Dice e o agrupamento foi realizado pelo método UPGMA. Os acessos foram separados em dois grupos principais, com dissimilaridade relativamente alta, quando comparada com a dissimilaridade observada dentro de cada grupo. Os dois grupos formados indicam os centros de domesticação, Mesoamericano ou Andino, dos acessos analisados. A dissimilaridade entre as cultivares avaliadas ("SCS 202-Guará", "BRS Valente" e "Pérola" é baixa (0,15, se comparada com a dissimilaridade entre os demais acessos do banco de germoplasma (0,65. A menor dissimilaridade entre os acessos estudados (BAF63 e BAF04 foi de 0,02. A inexistência de acessos repetidos reforça a necessidade de novas coletas de germoplasma, o que resultará em um banco de germoplasma de feijão mais representativo da variabilidade genética remanescente em Santa Catarina.The knowledge of the genetic diversity through the divergence among the genotypes allows the organization of the germplasm, sampling and efficient utilization in breeding programs. The objective of this study was to analyze the dissimilarity among germplasm collected in Santa Catarina State, stored in UDESC germplasm active bank of common bean

  3. Accumulation of phosphorus fractions and contamination potential in vineyard soils in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Djalma Eugênio Schmitt

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In vineyards, if phosphate is applied both before planting and at intervals during growth without consideration of technical criteria, the soil P fractions may be increased and their proportions altered. This study was carried out to evaluate the accumulation of P fractions and the parameters of the adsorption isotherm in a sandy Typic Hapludalf soil in vineyards with a history of successive and excessive phosphate fertilization. In December 2010, two vineyards were selected, one 4 and the other 15 years old, in Urussanga, State of Santa Catarina (Brazil. Three trenches were dug in each area and soil was collected from the 0-5, 5-10 and 10-20 cm depth ranges. The soil samples were dried in a forced-air oven, sieved and subjected to chemical analyses, P chemical fractionation and P adsorption isotherms. Excessive phosphate fertilization, before and during cultivation, particularly in the older vineyard and, consequently, with a longer history of phosphate fertilization, increased the inorganic P concentrations to the depth of 20 cm, especially in labile fractions extracted by anion exchange resin and NaHCO3 in the non-labile fraction, as well as in the non-labile fraction extracted by 1.0 mol L-1 HCl. The application of phosphate fertilizers and the long cultivation period increased the P levels in the organic labile fraction extracted by 0.5 mol L-1 NaHCO3, and especially in the moderately labile fraction extracted by 0.1 and 0.5 mol L-1 NaOH. Phosphate fertilization of older vineyards, i.e., cultivated for 15 years, increased the amounts of P desorbed in water, indicating a risk of contamination of surface waters and groundwater. The phosphate fertilization before planting, without considering the results of soil analysis, and during cultivation, disregarding the results of soil analysis, leaf analysis and expected yield, led to a reduction in the maximum P adsorption capacity in the 0-5 cm layer of vineyard 2, indicating saturation of part of

  4. Estimate of radiation doses to workers in underground mines of coal and fluorite in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina and considerations on the optimisation of radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inhalation of radon present in underground mines can imply in the deposition of its descendants in the lungs, which may cause harm to the lungs tissues and induce cancer. Concentrations of radon in the environment of underground mines above 1000 - 1500 Bq/m3 are internationally considered to require protective measures for the miners. The objectives of the present work were to determine the concentrations of radon in air, as well as the resulting doses due to the presence of this radionuclide in three underground mines of fluorite and three underground mines of coal in the State of Santa Catarina. The concentration of radon was measured employing two types of detectors of nuclear tracks (SSNTD), the LEXAN and the CR-39. This detection method consisted in counting, with the help of a microscope, tracks resulting from the interaction of alpha particles with the film, due to the penetration of Rn-222 in the interior of the detector chamber and its decaying process. The average dose to the workers of the coal mines was estimated as 0.7 mSv/a, value inferior to the limit of 1 mSv/a established by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) for members of the public. On the other hand, the fluorite mines showed much higher concentrations of radon and superior to 1000 Bq/m3. The inefficiency of the ventilation system and the liberation of radon during the various explosions may have contributed to the high concentrations of radon in these mines since the concentration of radium in the rocks (normal and weathered granites) and in the minerals (green and purple fluorides) that compose the mining environment are not high. The modification of the ventilation system of one of the fluorite mines was sufficient to reduce the radon concentration to levels of the order of 500 Bq/m3. The weathered granite contributes more significantly to the increase of the concentration of Rn-222 in the air than the other rocks here studied, i.e. normal granite as well as green and purple

  5. Variações ontogênicas e sazonais na dieta de Etropus crossotus Jordan e Gilbert, 1882 (Paralichthydae na baía de Ubatuba-Enseada, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Ontogenetic and seasons changes in the diet of Etropus crossotus Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 (Paralichthydae at Ubatuba-Enseada Bay, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Matheus Oliveira Freitas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigadas as variações ontogênicas e sazonais na dieta de Etropus crossotus coletados na baía de Ubatuba-Enseada, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Redes de arrasto com porta foram utilizadas para as coletas mensais, e 60 exemplares foram coletados entre outubro de 2003 e setembro de 2004. Maior similaridade entre os Índices de Importância Alimentar foi observada entre a primavera e o outono. Crustáceos decápodes representaram 50% dos itens alimentares durante a primavera e outono, e crustáceos anfípodes foram os itens mais representativos no inverno. Maior similaridade entre os IAifoi observada entre as classes 1, 2 e 4, pela alta representatividade de Decapoda, e entre as classes 5, 6 e 7, em função da representatividade de Decapoda e Amphipoda. Os resultados obtidos foram similares a outros estudos realizados na região costeira Sul do Brasil.Ontogenetic and seasonal changes in the diet of Etropus crossotussampled at Ubatuba-Enseada Bay in Santa Catarina State, Brazil were investigated. A trawl net was used for the surveys, and 60 fish were collected monthly during October (2003 and September (2004. The highest similarity of the Alimentary Importance Index (AII wasobserved between spring and autumn. Crustacea Decapoda represented 50% of the feeding items during spring and fall, and Crustacea Amphipoda were the most representative item in winter. The highest AII similarity was observed among length classes 1, 2 and 4, whichwas related to Decapoda representation, and among length classes 5, 6 and 7, because of Decapoda and Amphipoda importance. Results were similar to other studies in the southern coast of Brazil.

  6. RESISTÊNCIA ANTI-HELMÍNTICA EM REBANHOS OVINOS DA REGIÃO DA ASSOCIAÇÃO DOS MUNICÍPIOS DO ALTO IRANI (AMAI, OESTE DE SANTA CATARINA ANTHELMINTIC RESISTANCE ON SHEEP FLOCKS FROM ASSOCIATION OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF THE ALTO IRANI REGION (AMAI, WEST OF SANTA CATARINA STATE, BRAZIL

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    Ingrid Kelly Zanchet

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Para conhecer a situação da resistência anti-hel-míntica em ovinos de propriedades localizadas nos mu-nicípios da Associação dos Municípios do Alto Irani (AMAI, oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram avalia-dos nove rebanhos pelo teste de redução da OPG (ovos por grama de fezes. Este teste consiste na comparação da média da OPG de um grupo de animais quatorze dias após o tratamento com a média de um grupo controle não-medicado. Consideraram-se efetivas as drogas capazes de reduzir a OPG em 95%. Os princípios ativos utilizados foram: levamisol (7,5 mg/kg, closantel (7,5 mg/Kg, al-bendazol (10 e 5 mg/Kg, ivermectin e moxidectin (0,2 mg/Kg. Detectou-se resistência dos nematódeos gastrin-testinais a todos os grupos anti-helmínticos testados, sen-do que 100% das propriedades apresentam resistência ao ivermectin; 66,7% ao moxidectin, 44,4% ao levamisol e 75% aos benzimidazóis. Para as lactonas macrocíclicas e benzimidazóis, tanto o gênero Haemonchus sp. quanto Trichostrongylus sp. apresentaram resistência. Para o le-vamisol, a resistência está restrita a Trichostrongylus sp. Também foi detectada a presença de uma população de Haemonchus sp. resistente ao closantel e uma de Nema-todirus sp. resistente ao albendazol. Estes dados mostram a urgência de difundir medidas de controle integrado de parasitoses, visando prolongar a vida  útil dos princípios ativos ainda disponíveis para uso.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Ovinos, resistência anti-helmíntica, Santa Catarina.

    In order to know the situation of the anthelmintic resistance in sheep farms in the municipalities of Asso-ciation of the municipalities of the High Irani Region - AMAI, West of Santa Catarina State, Brazil, nine flocks were submitted to the faecal egg counts reduction test (FECRT. This test consists in comparing the mean FEC of a group of sheep, 14 days after treatment with the mean FEC of a non-treated control group. Only drugs that could

  7. Urbanização e gestão do litoral centro-sul do estado de Santa Catarina

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    M. Scherer

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Thirty six municipalities form the littoral of Santa Catarina State. These municipalities are divided in five sectors: north, center-north, center, center–south and south. Six municipalities belong to the center-south littoral and in this sector is located the bigger coastal lagoon chain of the State. Laguna is the faster growing municipality in this region and has the highest number of inhabitants. The rapid and non-organized urbanization of this area has been causing remarkable environmental impacts such as water pollution, sand dune erosion, loss of coastal vegetation and biodiversity. Activities such as prawn farms, agriculture, tourism and urbanization are the most impacting activities. For a sustainable development of the region some actions should be taken, such as: sewage treatment, urban planning,aquiculture zoning, coastal ecosystems preservation, development and implementation of management plan for conservation areas, environmental laws enforcement.

  8. A contribuição da vulnerabilidade na determinação do índice de desenvolvimento humano: estudando o estado de Santa Catarina The contribution of vulnerability to determining the human development index: studying Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Olga Maria Panhoca da Silva

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de Desenvolvimento Humano parte do pressuposto de que para aferir o avanço de uma população não se deve considerar apenas a dimensão econômica, mas também outras características sociais, culturais e políticas. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a relação entre a vulnerabilidade e o Desenvolvimento Humano e propor um enfoque para o acompanhamento das metas 4 e 5 do milênio, utilizando como objeto de estudo os municípios do Estado de Santa Catarina. Os dados foram obtidos do Atlas de Desenvolvimento Humano do Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento - PNUD, Brasil, do ano de 2000 ¹ e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE 8,9. Optou-se por uma análise superficial do Estado e posterior detalhamento para todos os municípios através do Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDH-M de seus componentes e indicadores de vulnerabilidade. Foi verificada a determinação do IDH-M através das variáveis de vulnerabilidade, descritas em quartis para cada grupo de IDH-M. O IDH se mostrou útil para a descrição geral das condições do Estado e para a descriminação dos grupos de municípios. Alguns indicadores, quando desmembrados em grupos, apontam desigualdades significativas.The concept of Human Development is grounded on the assumption that progress should not be measured just in economic terms, but must also encompass other social, cultural and political characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to assess the relationship between vulnerability and human development, proposing an approach for attaining the fourth and fifth Millennium Goals, based on a study of municipalities in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The data were taken from the Human Development Atlas published in Portuguese by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP in Brazil during 2000¹ and Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE 8, 9. After a superficial analysis of this State, all the

  9. Stability and adaptability of carioca common bean genotypes in states of the central South Region of Brazil

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    Helton Santos Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify ‘Carioca’ common bean genotypes with high yield adaptability andstability in central South Brazil, based on different analysis methods. The value of cultivation and use (VCU of 16 genotypeswas evaluated in 26 trials in a randomized complete block design with three replications, in the states of Santa Catarina, SãoPaulo and Paraná, in 2003 and 2004. Grain yield data were subjected to analysis of variance, of stability and adaptability,using the methodologies of Lin and Binns, Annichiarico, Eberhart and Russell, Cruz et al. and AMMI. Several of themethodologies indicated the genotypes BRS Estilo and CNFC 9518 for high yield, high adaptability and high stability. Theyield, stability and adaptability of cultivar Pérola, widely grown in the country, were lower than of the new elite genotypesobtained by the breeding programs.

  10. Annual statistic report - Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A. -1995. Continuous supplying

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data concerning the electric power supplied in 1995 by the Santa Catarina State utility, Brazil, are presented. The data is presented in a graphic way and are compared regionwise to those of the previous year. 82 figs., 11 tabs

  11. Determination of enrichment processes and radon concentration in underground mines of fluorite and coal in Santa Catarina state: criteria for radiation risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inhalation of radon present in underground mines can imply in the deposition of its descendants in the lungs, which may cause harm to the lungs tissues and induce cancer. Concentration of radon not greater than 500 Bq/m3 in the environment of underground mines is considered to be acceptable internationally and concentrations above 1500 Bq/m3 require protective measures for the miners. The objectives of this research work are to determine the enrichment processes and the concentrations of radon in air, as well as the resulting doses due to the presence of this radionuclide in three underground mines of fluorite and three underground mines of coal in the State of Santa Catarina. The concentration of radon was measured employing two types of detectors of nuclear tracks (SSNTD), the LEXAN and the CR-39. This detection method consists in counting, with the help of a microscope, tracks resulting from the interaction of alpha particles with the film, due to the penetration of Rn-222 in the interior of the detector chamber and its decaying process. Contents of radium in collected samples of rocks, minerals and underground water were determined and compared with the corresponding radon concentration found in the underground air. It was observed that the coal mines showed low concentrations of radon, which can be explained by the low concentration of radium in rocks (sandstones and siltites in the foot wall and hang wall) and in the coal that composes the mining environment or, yet still, due to the good ventilation system. The average dose to the workers of the coal mines was estimated as 0.7 mSv/a, value inferior to the limit of 1 mSv/a established by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) for members of the public, and corresponding to a risk of fatal cancer after 50 years of work under this condition of 0.2%. On the other hand, the fluorite mines showed much higher concentrations of radon and superior to 1000 Bq/m3. The inefficiency of the ventilation system

  12. Fatores associados à atividade física, comportamento sedentário e participação na Educação Física em estudantes do Ensino Médio em Santa Catarina, Brasil Factors associated with physical activity, sedentary behavior, and participation in physical education among high school students in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Kelly Samara da Silva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as prevalências e fatores associados à atividade física insuficiente, comportamento sedentário e ausência nas aulas de Educação Física em escolares do Ensino Médio. O questionário COMPAC (Comportamento do Adolescente Catarinense foi respondido por 5.028 estudantes (15 a 19 anos, de escolas públicas de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Foram analisados comportamentos de risco, informações demográficas e sócio-econômicas. Utilizou-se regressão de Poisson para análises das associações. A prevalência de atividade física insuficiente foi de 28,5% e associou-se a um menor consumo de frutas/verduras (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,15-1,40 e estudo noturno (RP = 1,44; IC95%: 1,34-1,54. A prevalência de ausência nas aulas de Educação Física foi de 48,6% e associou-se negativamente à idade e com estar trabalhando (RP = 1,52; IC95%: 1,18-2,19. A prevalência de comportamento sedentário foi de 38,4%, atingindo menos os residentes de áreas rurais (RP = 0,52; IC95%: 0,31-0,83 e que participavam de uma ausência nas aulas de Educação Física semanal (RP = 0,73; IC95%: 0,56-0,95. Os resultados sugerem intervenções com estratégias específicas para cada comportamento analisado.The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of insufficient physical activity, sedentary behavior, and absence from physical education and associated factors. The Santa Catarina State Adolescents' Questionnaire (COMPAC, in Portuguese was applied to a sample of 5,028 adolescents (15-19 years of age attending public high schools in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Information included demographic and socioeconomic indicators. Poisson regression analyses were used to test associations. The proportion of students with insufficient physical activity was 28.5%, associated with low consumption of fruits and vegetables (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.15; 1.40 and enrollment in night classes (PR = 1.44; 95%CI: 1.34; 1.54. Absence

  13. Roça-de-toco: uso de recursos florestais e dinâmica da paisagem rural no litoral de Santa Catarina Slash-and-burn agriculture: use of forest resources and dynamics of rural landscape in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Alexandre Siminski

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Os fragmentos florestais nas pequenas propriedades agrícolas de Santa Catarina fazem parte de um ciclo de cultivo de espécies anuais, através da agricultura de pousio (roça-de-toco. Neste estudo, procurou-se analisar o sistema de cultivo praticado pelos agricultores do município de São Pedro de Alcântara, litoral de Santa Catarina, utilizando a abordagem qualitativa. Como resultados, observou-se que em 65% das propriedades houve redução da área de cultivo nos últimos 10 anos, o tempo de repouso foi reduzido e as roças passaram a ser menos itinerantes. As restrições ao uso dos recursos florestais têm promovido alterações na composição da paisagem das propriedades agrícolas da região de estudo, onde se constata uma diminuição das áreas destinadas à agricultura de pousio e um aumento crescente das áreas com formações florestais secundárias, além do aumento da proporção de formações mais avançadas no processo de sucessão natural. Entretanto, uma simulação do uso da terra revelou que é possível, do ponto de vista da disponibilidade de áreas ao longo do tempo, a continuidade do sistema de pousio, principalmente quando este destina-se à subsistência.The secondary forests in the small farms of Santa Catarina State are traditionally used as a component of the slash-and-burn agriculture. The purpose of this study was to analyze the agricultural system in the municipality of São Pedro de Alcântara, on the coast zone of the State, using the qualitative research approach. The results showed that there was a reduction of the cultivated area in 65% of the farms in the last 10 years, the fallow period was reduced, and the rotation time of each field plot was shortened. The restrictions imposed by regulations on forest resources use have contributed to a change in the composition of the landscape of the study area, where a shrinkage of the area used for traditional agriculture in favor of a larger area of with

  14. Potential fragility of the Caeté catchment, municipality of Alfredo Wagner, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, to landslides occurrence - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v36i1.16047

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    Leandro Redin Vestena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural disasters associated with land mass movements in Brazil have become more frequent in recent years, with significant human loss and material damage. An alternative to reduce such natural disasters will occur when landslides-susceptible areas are mapped, with restrictions or conditions for the occupation of areas with natural fragility to landslide occurrences. Current analysis determines the slopes´ potential degree for the occurrence of landslide susceptibility in the Caeté catchment, municipality of Alfredo Wagner, in the highlands of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The Shallow Stability model (SHALSTAB identified the slopes´ instability index by hydrological factors, hillside stability and soil. Results revealed areas with high degree of hillside instability and the need for preventive and relieving actions. In fact, areas with very high potential fragility susceptible to the occurrence of mass movement in the Caeté catchment are more than 30% of the basin´s total area.

  15. Perfil epidemiológico dos usuários dos Centros de Testagem e Aconselhamento do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no ano de 2005 Epidemiological profile of the clientele in HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2005

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    Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo caracteriza o perfil dos usuários que procuraram os Centros de Testagem Anônima (CTAs em Santa Catarina, Brasil, em 2005, e determina os fatores associados à contaminação pelo HIV. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo transversal em pessoas que freqüentaram os CTAs. Foram analisados os dados de 22.846 entrevistas realizadas no momento pré-teste, 64,7% sexo feminino e 35,3% masculino. A prevalência de HIV positivo encontrada nesses exames foi de 2% no sexo feminino e 5,6% no masculino. Utilizou-se análise bivariada e multivariada com regressão de Poisson. Os fatores de risco independentes para o contágio pelo DST/HIV no sexo feminino foram: faixa etária, estado civil, escolaridade, situação profissional, recorte populacional, risco do parceiro fixo, uso de preservativo e motivo para não usar preservativo com parceiro fixo. No sexo masculino foram: faixa etária, escolaridade, tipo de parceiro, recorte populacional, risco do parceiro, uso de preservativo e motivo para não usar preservativo com parceiro fixo. A soropositividade para homens e mulheres apresenta-se diferente, merecendo abordagens preventivas diferenciadas.This study analyzes the user profile of HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, in 2005, and factors associated with HIV infection. The methodology employed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of individuals who attended Testing and Counseling Centers. Data from 22,846 interviews were analyzed (64.7% women and 35.3% men. HIV prevalence was 2.0% in women and 5.6% in men. Statistical analysis used bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression by gender. According to the Poisson regression, factors associated with HIV+ status were age bracket, schooling, marital status, professional situation, population group, steady partner's risk status, condom use, and reason for not using condoms with steady partner; for men, the independent variables were age bracket, schooling, type of

  16. Características clínicas do araneísmo em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Clinical features of araneism in children and teenager in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Fernanda Lise

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e a caracterização dos acidentes com aranhas em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, de 1995 a 2001, realizou-se este trabalho. O estudo foi de caráter descritivo e exploratório. Paratanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela vigilância epidemiológica nos anos 1995 a 2001 e calcularam-se a incidência e a freqüência. Para a população de 1995 foram utilizados os dados do Censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE de 1991, acrescentando crescimento de 3,35% ao ano; j�� para os anos seguintes foi utilizado o Censo de 1996 e 2000, com crescimento anual de 2,84%. No município de Chapecó ocorreram 30 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, sendo que a maioria foi ocasionada por aranhas do gênero Loxosceles. As partes do corpo mais acometidas foram coxas/pernas, pé/dedos e mão/dedos. As principais alterações clínicas apresentadas pelos pacientes foram dor, edema e eritema. Conclui-se que os casos de araneísmo vêm aumentando no município de Chapecó.With the objective of verifying the frequency and characterizing of accidents involving people bitten by spiders in Chapecó town, SantaCatarina State, from 1995 to 2001, this paper was held. The study is descriptive and exploratory. This way, we verified the registrations of noted by the epidemiological department from 1995 to 2001 being able for us to calculate the frequency of incidents. For the 1995 population we used data from the 1991 Brazilian Geographic Statistic Institute (IBGE census adding a 3.35% growth a year, on the other hand for the following years it was used the 1996 and 2000 census with an annual 2.84% growth. In Chapecó occurred 30 accidents with spiders during the studied period, being the most expressive part of it caused by spiders of the genera Loxosceles. The body’s most bitten parts were thigh/legs, foot/toes and

  17. Prevalência de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e insatisfação com a imagem corporal em adolescentes do sexo feminino do Município de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Emilaura Alves

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar a prevalência de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e de insatisfação com a imagem corporal em adolescentes (sexo feminino de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. A amostra foi proporcional, estratificada conforme rede escolar (pública/privada e região sócio-geográfica, posteriormente distribuída no ensino fundamental e médio. Foram analisadas 1.148 adolescentes sorteadas aleatoriamente nos estratos. A presença de sintomas de anorexia nervosa (EAT+ foi identificada pelo Teste de Atitudes Alimentares e a avaliação da imagem corporal pelo Questionário de Imagem Corporal. As prevalências de EAT+ e insatisfação com a imagem corporal foram 15,6% e 18,8%. O EAT+ apresentou-se associado à faixa de 10-13 anos (OR = 1,542; p = 0,046; sobrepeso e obesidade (OR = 2,075; p The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa (EAT+ and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The proportional sample (1,148 adolescents was stratified according to position of schools in the socio-geographic regions and public/private school classification, and was subsequently distributed according to primary and secondary schools. EAT+ was identified through the Eating Attitudes Test and evaluation of body image through the Body Shape Questionnaire. Prevalence rates for EAT+ and dissatisfaction with body image were 15.6% and 18.8%, respectively. EAT+ was associated with age (10-13y (OR = 1.542; p = 0.046; overweight/obesity (OR = 2.075; p < 0.001; dissatisfaction with body image (OR = 14.392; p < 0.001; and public schools (OR = 1.423; p = 0.041. Multiple logistic regression showed dissatisfaction with body image as the strongest independent risk factor for symptoms of anorexia nervosa (OR = 16.7; p < 0.001. Adolescents in Florianópolis show EAT+ rates similar to those observed in other regions of Brazil.

  18. Heavy rainfall equations for Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Álvaro José Back

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF relationships of rainfall events is extremely important to determine the dimensions of surface drainage structures and soil erosion control. The purpose of this study was to obtain IDF equations of 13 rain gauge stations in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil: Chapecó, Urussanga, Campos Novos, Florianópolis, Lages, Caçador, Itajaí, Itá, Ponte Serrada, Porto União, Videira, Laguna and São Joaquim. The daily rainfall data charts of each station were digitized and then the annual maximum rainfall series were determined for durations ranging from 5 to 1440 min. Based on these, with the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall was estimated for durations ranging from 5 min to 24 h, considering return periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 years,. Data agreement with the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, at 5 % significance level. For each rain gauge station, two IDF equations of rainfall events were adjusted, one for durations from 5 to 120 min and the other from 120 to 1440 min. The results show a high variability in maximum intensity of rainfall events among the studied stations. Highest values of coefficients of variation in the annual maximum series of rainfall were observed for durations of over 600 min at the stations of the coastal region of Santa Catarina.

  19. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267 Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267

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    Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araujo Greiner-Goulart; Mauricio Laterca Martins; Ayrton Adão Schimitt-Junior; Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo; Luciana Ghiraldelli

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, ...

  20. Metropolitanization and Forest Recovery in Southern Brazil: a Multiscale Analysis of the Florianópolis City-Region, Santa Catarina State, 1970 to 2005

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    Sandra R. Baptista

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the contexts of globalization and the Atlantic Forest ecoregion, I present a multiscale analysis of anthropogenic landscape dynamics in the Florianópolis city-region, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Drawing on field research conducted between 2000 and 2004 and a review of the literature, I examined Brazilian demographic and agricultural census data for the period of 1970 to 1995-1996. I hypothesized that economic restructuring, new institutional arrangements, and the valuation of environmental amenities and ecosystem services have contributed to forest recovery trends and thus a forest transition in the city-region. My results indicate that along with rapid urbanization, in-migration, socioeconomic polarization, and segregation, the city-region has experienced the contraction of private agricultural land area, expansion of protected areas, recovery of forests, and conversion of coastal plain ecosystems to built environments. Future analyses of forest transition dynamics should consider the spatial configurations of socioeconomic inequality in city-regions.

  1. Coastal rocky reef fishes of Santa Catarina's northern islands, Brazil

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    Johnatas Adelir Alves

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The coast of the state of Santa Catarina only has non-biogenic reefs, i.e. rocky and artificial reefs, and is considered the geographic south limit for many reef fish species. At present the diversity of organisms associated with reef environments is threatened. This study aimed to record the number of families and species of reef fish fauna of the north coast of the state of Santa Catarina. The data were collected through underwater visual census performed on Graças archipelago (26°12'S /48º29'W, Tamboretes archipelago (26°22'S/48°31'W and Barra do Sul islands (26°27'S/48º35'W. A total of 166 species was observed (6 elasmobranchii and 160 actinopterygii belonging to 66 families. The families with more species richness were Carangidae (16, Epinephelidae (9, Blenidae (8, Serranidae (7, Haemulidae (6, Sparidae (6 Tetraodontidae (6, Labridae-Scarini (5, Labrisomidae (5 Pomacentridae (5, Lutjanidae (5 and Muraenidae (5. This study add to the current published list, new 115 species, including new occurrences (e.g. Chromis limbata, and some endemic (e.g. Sparisoma amplum, exotic (e.g. Omobranchus punctatus, endangered (e.g. Hippocampus erectus and overexploited (e.g. Lutjanus analis species. Twenty one species are present in the IUCN’s list, twelve in the IBAMA’s list and four in the local list. All elasmobranchii recorded here are considered threatened species, like the brazilian guitarfish (Rhinobatos horkelii, which appears in three red lists, and it is considered critically endangered. All species of Epinephelidae are mentioned in the list of risk categories of the IUCN and five are cited as overexploited or threatened with overexploitation by IBAMA. Among Epinephelidae, the goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara, is present in all red lists and has specific protection rules in Brazil. The gathered information will allow to take appropriate conservation measures, such as the establishment of marine protected areas, monitoring of fishing

  2. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araújo Greinert; Pedro Wilson Bertelli; Hercílio Higino da Silva Filho; Natália Oliveira Totti de Lara; Luciana Ghiraldelli; Maurício Laterça Martins

    2007-01-01

    Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para análise parasitológica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elétrica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as c...

  3. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v29i1.159 Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Maurício Laterça Martins; Natália Oliveira Totti de Lara; Luciana Ghiraldelli; Pedro Wilson Bertelli; Hercílio Higino da Silva Filho; Juliane Araújo Greinert; Fernanda Bachmann

    2007-01-01

    Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para anáise parasitolóica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elérica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as cond...

  4. Roça-de-toco: uso de recursos florestais e dinâmica da paisagem rural no litoral de Santa Catarina Slash-and-burn agriculture: use of forest resources and dynamics of rural landscape in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Alexandre Siminski; Alfredo Celso Fantini

    2007-01-01

    Os fragmentos florestais nas pequenas propriedades agrícolas de Santa Catarina fazem parte de um ciclo de cultivo de espécies anuais, através da agricultura de pousio (roça-de-toco). Neste estudo, procurou-se analisar o sistema de cultivo praticado pelos agricultores do município de São Pedro de Alcântara, litoral de Santa Catarina, utilizando a abordagem qualitativa. Como resultados, observou-se que em 65% das propriedades houve redução da área de cultivo nos últimos 10 anos, o tempo de repo...

  5. MANGROVE OCUPATTION AND ITS RELATION WITH HEALTH CHARACTERISTIC’S OF THE VILA CUBATÃO DISCTRICT INHABITANTS, IN JOINVILLE CITY, SANTA CATARINA STATE = RELAÇÃO DA OCUPAÇÃO DO MANGUEZAL COM ASPECTOS DE SAÚDE DA POPULAÇÃO DO BAIRRO VILA CUBATÃO, JOINVILLE, SC

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    Glaucia Baccaro Bertoli; Cladir Teresinha Zanotelli

    2009-01-01

    This study it had as objective the characterization of the mangrove ecosystem occupation and their relation to the prevalent diseases in the inhabitants registered at the Family Medical Unit (FMU) in Joinville City, Santa Catarina State. This area is located within the Atlantic Forest biome. It is one of the latest mangrove continuous areas extant in the South’ country. The data regarding to the anthropic activities, as well as the health data of the inhabitants were obtained through the anal...

  6. Prevalência e fatores associados à violência entre parceiros íntimos: um estudo de base populacional em Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil, 2007 Prevalence of intimate partner violence and associated factors: a population-based study in Lages, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2007

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    Adriana Jaqueline Anacleto

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Estimou-se a prevalência da violência entre parceiros íntimos e os fatores associados em Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Realizou-se um estudo transversal de base populacional domiciliar com mulheres de 20-59 anos (n = 1.042, da zona urbana. As prevalências de agressão verbal, violência física menor e violência física grave foram estimadas pelo questionário Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R. Questões sobre aspectos sócio-econômicos e demográficos foram investigadas. As associações foram testadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson e o de tendência linear. A prevalência de violência entre casais para agressão verbal, agressão física menor e agressão física grave foram de 79%, 14,9% e 9,3%, respectivamente. Casais com menos de trinta anos, com renda per capita inferior a meio salário mínimo mensal e vivendo em locais com mais de dois indivíduos por cômodo dormitório apresentaram maiores prevalências das violências mensuradas quando comparados com casais mais velhos, com maior rendimento e menor aglomeração, respectivamente. Programas preventivos, além de estudos qualitativos, podem ser estratégias efetivas para melhor compreender a violência entre parceiros íntimos.The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence and associated factors in Lages, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. A population-based household study included 20-59-year-old women (n = 1,042 living in the urban area. The Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R was used to investigate verbal aggression, minor physical violence, and severe physical violence. A questionnaire covering socioeconomic and demographic variables was applied. Pearson qui-square and linear trend test were used to test associations. Prevalence rates for verbal aggression and minor and severe physical abuse within couples were 79.0%, 14.9%, and 9.3%, respectively. Couples under 30 years of age, with per capita income less than half the minimum wage

  7. Murcha-de-curtobacterium do feijoeiro no Estado de Santa Catarina e reação de genótipos a Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens Bacterial wilt of common bean in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and behavior of genotypes to Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens

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    Gustavo de Faria Theodoro

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a ocorrência da murcha-de-curtobacterium em lavouras de feijoeiro comum em algumas localidades do Estado de Santa Catarina, nas safras 2002/03 e 2003/04, e o comportamento dos genótipos BRS Valente, Carioca, CHC 97-29, CHP 97-26, CNPF 8104, Diamante Negro, Empasc 201 - Chapecó, IAPAR 44, IPR Graúna, IPR Juriti, IPR Uirapuru, LP 9728, Pérola, SCS 202-Guará, Sel. CP 9310635, TPS Bionobre, TPS Bonito, TPS Magnífico, TPS Nobre, TPS Soberano e Xamego perante Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (Cff, em condições de casa-de-vegetação. As cultivares IAC Carioca Akytã, IAC Carioca Aruã e IAC Carioca Pyatã foram empregadas como padrões de resistência a Cff. As avaliações dos sintomas ocorreram aos 5, 10, 15, 20 e 25 dias após a inoculação (DAI e, posteriormente, foi estimada a área abaixo da curva de progresso da murcha-de-curtobacterium (AACPMC, em cada genótipo. A doença esteve presente nos municípios de Campos Novos, Faxinal dos Guedes, Guatambu, Ipuaçu, Ponte Serrada e Tigrinhos e que, aos 10 DAI, as cultivares SCS 202 - Guará e IPR Juriti mostraram baixa severidade. Porém, aos 25 DAI, somente as cultivares padrões foram resistentes e apresentaram menor AACPMC.It was evaluated the occurrence of bacterial wilt in localities of Santa Catarina State, during the harvest of 2002/03 and 2003/04, and the behavior of the genotypes BRS Valente, Carioca, CHC 97-29, CHP 97-26, CNPF 8104, Diamante Negro, Empasc 201 - Chapecó, IAPAR 44, IPR Graúna, IPR Juriti, IPR Uirapuru, LP 9728, Pérola, SCS 202 - Guará, Sel. CP 9310635, TPS Bionobre, TPS Bonito, TPS Magnífico, TPS Nobre, TPS Soberano and Xamego to Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (Cff, under greenhouse conditions. The cultivars IAC Carioca Akytã, IAC Carioca Aruã, and IAC Carioca Pyatã were used as patterns of resistance to Cff. The evaluations of the symptoms were performed at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 days after inoculation (DAI and

  8. Percepção da imagem corporal de crianças e adolescentes com diferentes níveis socio-econômicos na cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Body image perception in children and adolescents with different socio-economic status in the city of Florianópolis, in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Érico Felden Pereira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar a percepção da imagem corporal em diferentes níveis socioeconômicos de crianças e adolescentes. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal realizado no município de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, no ano de 2006. Quatrocentos e dois escolares, com média de idade de 11,35 ± 1,98 anos, matriculados nas séries finais do ensino fundamental, foram investigados. A percepção da imagem corporal foi identificada por meio do protocolo de silhuetas de Stunkard e o nível socioeconômico pelos critérios propostos pela Associação Nacional de Empresas e Pesquisa (ANEP. Foram calculadas razões de prevalências para insatisfação pelo excesso de peso e pela magreza. RESULTADOS: no sexo masculino, a silhueta 3 foi a mais citada nas classes alta e média e a 4 na baixa; no feminino a silhueta 2 foi a mais citada nas classes alta e baixa e a 3 na média considerando a percepção real de sua silhueta. A silhueta 3 para o sexo masculino e a 2 para o feminino foram consideradas ideais pelo maior percentual de escolares. Os jovens da classe baixa apresentaram maiores prevalências de insatisfação pelo excesso de peso em relação os da classe alta. CONCLUSÕES: houve uma tendência dos escolares das classes mais altas apresentarem insatisfação pela magreza e das mais baixas pelo excesso de peso.OBJECTIVES: to identify the body image perception in children and adolescents from different socio-economic backgrounds. METHODS: a cross-cutting study was carried out in the city of Florianópolis, in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in the year 2006. Four hundred and two schoolchildren, with an average age of 11.35 ± 1.98 years, enrolled in the final years of primary school were investigated. Body image perception was identified using the Stunkard silhouettes protocol and socio-economic status was evaluated using the criteria proposed by the National Pres and Research Association (ANEP. Prevalence ratios were calculated for dissatisfaction

  9. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267 Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267

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    Fernanda Bachmann

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the reference site. The main results were an increased percentage of hematocrit and reduced numbers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the differential counting in fish from the polluted site. Red blood cells, total white blood cells and total counting of thrombocytes did not vary between environments. The number of neutrophils remained at high levels in fish from both environments. This study demonstrated that water quality might affect the hematological parameters in free-living fish.This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the

  10. Anofelinos de Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brasil Anophelines of Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brazil

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    Maria da Graça Teixeira Portes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No Brasil, a Região Amazônica é endêmica em malária. Em Santa Catarina, a malária foi eliminada na década de 80. A partir daí, ocorreram poucos casos autóctones isolados, e esporádicos. No entanto, em função da existência do vetor em seu território, da existência de extensa área endêmica no Brasil e da grande mobilidade de pessoas em áreas turísticas no estado, existe a probabilidade de reintrodução da doença. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se os seguintes dados: Banco de Dados do Núcleo de Entomologia da Fundação Nacional de Saúde, Santa Catarina (ACCES,1997-2000; Sistema de Informação de Vigilância Epidemiológica, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde (Malária/SC e Sistema de Informação de Notificação e Agravo(SINAN/SC. Os mesmos foram transportados e analisados, no programa Microsoft Office Excel 2007. RESULTADOS: As coletas foram realizadas em 48 municípios, 159 localidades, sendo identificados 12.310 Culicídeos, 11.546 (93,7% Anopheles e 764 (6,2% como outros. Foram identificados três subgêneros e 13 espécies de anofelinos. CONCLUSÕES: Considerando que nos municípios pesquisados, foi identificada a presença de importantes vetores como Anopheles cruzii e Anopheles albitasis e há circulação de pessoas infectadas provenientes de áreas endêmicas, pode-se considerar que os mesmos são áreas receptivas e vulneráveis à malária. Essas espécies são suspeitas de serem responsáveis pela transmissão de malária na região, principalmente nos municípios de Gaspar, Indaial e Rodeio.INTRODUCTION: The Amazon region of Brazil is endemic for malaria. In the State of Santa Catarina, malaria was eliminated in the 1980s. Since then, a few sporadic isolated autochthonous cases have occurred. However, because malaria vectors are present within Brazilian territory and extensive endemic areas exist in this country, along with the great mobility of people in tourist areas of Santa Catarina, there is the

  11. New occurrences and noteworthy records on distribution of birds in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    André Barcellos

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Most ornithological fieldworks in the state of Santa Catarina concentrate on the eastern half of state, while the middle-west lacks information. Between March 2000 and May 2002 a bird inventory was made in the influence areas of the hydroelectric power plants of Machadinho and Barra Grande, along the right banks of the Uruguai and Pelotas rivers, on Santa Catarina State territory. We carried out ad libitum surveys, point count sampling, and capture with mist nets. We present seventy-two noteworthy records for Santa Catarina, including three new occurrences for the state (Cypseloides senex, Polioptila dumicola e Procacicus solitarius, three species whose available information was only in general bibliography (Amazona pretrei, Ramphastos toco e Capsiempis flaveola, four whose records are the first in the last 40 years (Megascops sanctaecatarinae, Macropsalis forcipata Phyllomyias virescens e Corytops delalandi, and 63 species first cited for the eastern section of the Uruguai river valley.

  12. Breves Notícias Sobre a Geologia dos Estados do Paraná e Santa Catarina

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    Maack Reinhard

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The present short survey of the geology of the States of Paraná and Santa Catarina was written as a text to accompany sketches for the revision of the GEOLOGICAL MAP OF SOUTH AMERICA. It contains the results of geologic research up to the year 1947 in most concise form, without going into detail. As requested, the occurrence of useful minerals was not considered in the summary, and the list of bibliographical references has been condensed to the uttermost. Inasmuch as the author treated the Passa Dois Series in more detail, due to the reorganization of the Gondwana beds, the Archean and the Algonkian had to be reduced to the minimum. This was possible, since the innumerable details of the phenomena in the crystalline complex could not be represented in a geologic map of the given scale. The reorganization of the geologic constituents of Paraná and Santa Catarina is summarized in Stratigraphic Table nº 2, and is explained by the enclosed sketches.

  13. The holoplankton of the Santa Catarina coast, southern Brazil

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    Charrid Resgalla Jr

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents information from different sampling surveys carried out along the Santa Catarina coast in order to outline the biogeographical characteristics of the zooplankton in this region and identify species or groups of species with potential use as bioindicators. Based on a checklist of species of the zooplankton community in the state, it was observed that, in the warmer months of the year, the fauna is similar to that of the states of Paraná and São Paulo (e.g. Creseis virgula f. virgula, Penilia avirostris; Acartia lilljeborgi and Oithona oswaldocruzi, while in the colder months there are coastal representatives of the fauna of Rio Grande do Sul (e.g. Acartia tonsa. However, the zooplankton consists predominantly of warm water species for most of the year, which is typical of Tropical Shelf Waters. Various species of zooplankton can be used as hydrological indicators, enabling a distinction to be made between coastal waters which are influenced by continental inputs (e.g. Paracalanus quasimodo and Parvocalanus crassirostris, common in the north of the state, and processes of upwelling (e.g. Podon intermedius and the influence of the Subtropical Shelf Front (e.g. Pleopis polyphemoides, coming from the south. The different environments investigated present a zooplankton abundance that depends on the influence of continental inputs and the possibility of their retaining and contribution for the coastal enrichment, which varies seasonallyEste trabalho apresentada informações oriundas de diferentes amostragens realizadas ao longo da costa de Santa Catarina com o objetivo de esboçar as características biogeográficas do zooplâncton assim como identificar espécies ou grupos de espécies com potencial uso como bioindicadores. A partir de um cheklist das espécies da comunidade zooplanctônica do estado observou-se que nos meses quentes do ano a fauna é similar aos dos estados do Paraná e São Paulo (e. g. Creseis virgula f

  14. Contribution of studies for environmental licensing to the knowledge of Santa Catarina avifauna in southern Brazil

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    Marcos Antônio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge generated by studies for environmental licensing, even with reduced field samplings, can contribute to the recording of species of avifauna or actually extends the distribution in places of low knowledge. This study presents data obtained from preliminary reports of impact where the avifauna in seven projects in different ecosystems of Santa Catarina state was diagnosed between January 2001 and January 2004. Sightings had occurred, mainly, by visual or auditory contacts, using binoculars, hand-recorders and field guides. A total of 232 species of birds had been registered, increasing the known distribution by 66 species in different regions of Santa Catarina. The habitat most damaged by entrepreneurial activity was the forest, a factor of concern regarding the conservation of the avifauna that relied upon it. In general, the risk factors associated with the avifauna in Santa Catarina state are environmental degradation, capture of wildlife for breeding in captivity and, hunting for food.

  15. Estudo morfológico de fígado de bovinos abatidos em frigoríficos industriais sob inspeção estadual no Oeste e no Planalto de Santa Catarina, Brasil Morphologic study of bovine livers slaughtered in industrial slaughterhouse under State Inspection Service in West and Highland regions of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Ricardo Evandro Mendes

    2007-12-01

    ,2%. Conclui-se que existem incongruências na rotina de inspeção de carnes do SIE, uma vez que as alterações microscópicas observadas em 27% dos fígados não-condenados não foram detectadas pelo exame macroscópico e, assim, órgãos com lesão são liberados para consumo humano. Por outro lado, vários fígados do grupo condenado foram rejeitados de forma desnecessária, causando perdas econômicas importantes.Criteria for condemnation and liberation of organs submitted to the official meat inspection services have been controversial, it is argued that organs witch do not present gross lesions may still have certain degree of pathological changes under microscopic scrutiny; conversely, organs rejected on microscopic exam may reveal normalcy under histological evaluation. A gross and histological morphologic study was conducted in bovine livers during meat inspection in commercial slaughter; bovine livers were allotted in two groups: condemned and non-condemned, according to the Animal Standard Meat Inspection (SIS of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Liver fragments were fixed in 10% neutral formalin and processed for routine histopathological examination. The objectives were: to establish the main reasons for condemnation of bovine livers in the meat inspection routine of SIS, to evaluate livers from both groups by histological examination and to identify the possible etiologies responsible for condemnation. According to the SIS, the reasons for condemnation were: telangiectasis (32.2%, fasciolosis (18.5%, abscesses (18.0%, irregular and bright spots (12.6%, adherence between liver and diaphragm (6.0%, yellow and friable liver (4.2%, dark or pale spots (3.6%, nodules (1.8% and other causes (3.0%. Under microscopic study livers from condemned group showed telangiectasis (25.7%, abscesses (18.0%, fasciolosis (16.1%, capsular fibrosis (13.2%, random necrosis (8.4%, degeneration (3.6%, inflammatory infiltrate (2.4%, neoplasia (1.8%, no changes (7.2% and miscellaneous

  16. Perfil epidemiológico dos usuários dos Centros de Testagem e Aconselhamento do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no ano de 2005 Epidemiological profile of the clientele in HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2005

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    Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider; Carla Ribeiro; Daiane Breda; Lacita Menezes Skalinski; Eleonora d'Orsi

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo caracteriza o perfil dos usuários que procuraram os Centros de Testagem Anônima (CTAs) em Santa Catarina, Brasil, em 2005, e determina os fatores associados à contaminação pelo HIV. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo transversal em pessoas que freqüentaram os CTAs. Foram analisados os dados de 22.846 entrevistas realizadas no momento pré-teste, 64,7% sexo feminino e 35,3% masculino. A prevalência de HIV positivo encontrada nesses exames foi de 2% no sexo feminino e 5,6% no masc...

  17. Alguns elementos da história da educação matemática no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no século 20: a aritmética nos grupos escolares - Some elements of the history of mathematics education in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    David Antonio da Costa, Brasil

    2014-01-01

    O modelo dos grupos escolares difundiu-se, gradativamente, pelos demais Estados brasileiros a partir de São Paulo, no início do século 20. Este texto analisa, historicamente, a trajetória da constituição dos saberes elementares, particularmente a Aritmética, no Estado de Santa Catarina e toma como documento de pesquisa os textos escolares normativos. As características presentes nos textos sobre o ensino de Aritmética revelam vestígios da influência paulista nos materiais didáticos e na metod...

  18. Estimativa do risco para diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em bancários da cidade de Tubarão, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Assessing the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in bank employees from the city of Tubarao, Santa Catarina state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Bittencourt, Amanda; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho

    2013-01-01

    Objetivos: Avaliar a presença de risco para o desenvolvimento de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em bancários da cidade de Tubarão, estado de Santa Catarina. Métodos: Através de um estudo transversal, foram considerados elegíveis para o estudo todos os bancários que trabalhavam nas agências de Tubarão. Foi aplicado o questionário Diabetes Risk Score para determinação do risco de desenvolver diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em 10 anos e o risco foi classificado em baixo, pouco elevado, moderado, alto e mu...

  19. Enteropatógenos associados com diarréia infantil (< 5 anos de idade) em amostra da população da área metropolitana de Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old) in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Felice Jaqueline Schnack; Lidiani de Medeiros Fontana; Paulo Roberto Barbosa; Loraine Storch Meyer da Silva; Clair Maria Martinello Baillargeon; Tatiana Barichello; Marinete Marins Póvoa; Carlos Eugênio Cavasini; Ricardo Luiz Dantas Machado

    2003-01-01

    Foi investigada a presença de enteropatógenos em 94 casos de diarréia e 45 casos-controle em crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade, atendidas no Centro de Saúde Municipal de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Entre os parasitos isolados, o Cryptosporidium (85,1%) foi o mais freqüente, seguido pela Entamoeba histolytica (56,4%) e a Giardia lamblia (4,3%). Quatro amostras apresentaram Escherichia coli enteropatogênica (4,3%). A Samonella e a Shiguella não foram detectadas em nenhuma amostra. Somente um caso f...

  20. Características clínicas do araneísmo em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v28i1.1107 Clinical features of araneism in children and teenager in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v28i1.1107

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e a caracterização dos acidentes com aranhas em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, de 1995 a 2001, realizou-se este trabalho. O estudo foi de caráter descritivo e exploratório. Para tanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela vigilância epidemiológica nos anos 1995 a 2001 e calcularam-se a incidência e a freqüência. Para a população de 1995 foram utilizados os dados do Censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE de 1991, acrescentando crescimento de 3,35% ao ano; já para os anos seguintes foi utilizado o Censo de 1996 e 2000, com crescimento anual de 2,84%. No município de Chapecó ocorreram 30 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, sendo que a maioria foi ocasionada por aranhas do gênero Loxosceles. As partes do corpo mais acometidas foram coxas/pernas, pé/dedos e mão/dedos. As principais alterações clínicas apresentadas pelos pacientes foram dor, edema e eritema. Conclui-se que os casos de araneísmo vêm aumentando no município de ChapecóWith the objective of verifying the frequency and characterizing of accidents involving people bitten by spiders in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, from 1995 to 2001, this paper was held. The study is descriptive and exploratory. This way, we verified the registrations of noted by the epidemiological department from 1995 to 2001 being able for us to calculate the frequency of incidents. For the 1995 population we used data from the 1991 Brazilian Geographic Statistic Institute (IBGE census adding a 3.35% growth a year, on the other hand for the following years it was used the 1996 and 2000 census with an annual 2.84% growth. In Chapecó occurred 30 accidents with spiders during the studied period, being the most expressive part of it caused by spiders of the genera Loxosceles. The body’s most bitten parts were thigh/legs, foot/toes and hand

  1. Microbiological Water Quality Assessment of Watershed Associated with Swine Production in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Catarina State has the largest pig producers in Brazil and its West region has the highest concentration of swine production. Diagnostic assessment conducted by Embrapa Swine and Poultry Scientists in 2003 reported that more than 90% of 3,821 pig farms didn't have the required environmental li...

  2. A contribuição da vulnerabilidade na determinação do índice de desenvolvimento humano: estudando o estado de Santa Catarina The contribution of vulnerability to determining the human development index: studying Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Maria Panhoca da Silva; Luiz Panhoca

    2007-01-01

    O conceito de Desenvolvimento Humano parte do pressuposto de que para aferir o avanço de uma população não se deve considerar apenas a dimensão econômica, mas também outras características sociais, culturais e políticas. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a relação entre a vulnerabilidade e o Desenvolvimento Humano e propor um enfoque para o acompanhamento das metas 4 e 5 do milênio, utilizando como objeto de estudo os municípios do Estado de Santa Catarina. Os dados foram obtidos do Atlas d...

  3. Syphilis seroprevalence estimates of Santa Catarina blood donors in 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aysla Marcelino Baião

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Knowledge of blood donor characteristics is essential to better guide clinical and serological screening for hemotherapy. The objective of this study was to determine the syphilis seroprevalence and the associated factors of blood donors in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods This population-based study from the State of Santa Catarina used information obtained from blood donation records. We analyzed 83,396 blood donor records generated from donors who were considered eligible to donate between January and August 2010. The aim of the study was to estimate the syphilis seroprevalence and its relationship with educational level, age, gender, geographical region and having donated blood in the past 12 months. We used descriptive analyses and a Poisson regression to calculate the prevalence ratios for the variables of interest. Results We found a 0.14% overall seroprevalence and significant differences among the following: first-time blood donors (0.19% versus repeat donors (0.03% to 0.08%; low educational levels (0.30% versus medium and high educational levels (0.08% to 0.19%; and donors who did not report their residence (0.88% or age (6.94% versus those who did. Increased syphilis seroprevalence was also significantly associated with increased age. Conclusion High syphilis seroprevalence was associated with lower educational level, age, first-time donation and the failure to provide age or residence information.

  4. Characterization of Trypanosoma rangeli Strains Isolated in Central and South America: an Overview

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Trypanosoma rangeli is a hemoflagelate parasite that infects domestic and sylvatic animals, as well as man, in Central and South America. T. rangeli has an overlapping distribution with T. cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, sharing several animal reservoirs and triatomine vectors. We have isolated T. rangeli strains in the State of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, which dramatically increased the distribution area of this parasite. This brief review summarizes several studies ...

  5. 2015 State Geodatabase for South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  6. 2015 State Geodatabase for South Carolina

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  7. A Comparative Diet Analysis of the Neotropical Otter in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oldemar Carvalho-Junior

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This work represents a comparative diet analysis of the neotropical otter Lontra longicaudis by scat analysis (n= 8841 for four different areas, located on Santa Catarina Island, south of Brazil. The study areas, the main ecosystems found on the Island, are all natural reserves. The results are based on long term data sets (2003-2009 comparing food item proportions through years, with inter-annual and monthly variability. For all study areas, fish (71% and crustacean (25% are the main food types, followed by mollusks (2%, birds (1% and mammals (1%. In the case of main food categories, there is no observed inter-annual or monthly variability for the food items that compose the otter’s diet. The results show that, on the Santa Catarina Island, the neotropical otter presents a well defined diet composition that does not change from place to place, and has no inter-annual or monthly variability.

  8. An Analysis of South Carolina Per Pupil State Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aud, Susan L.

    2004-01-01

    In many states, including South Carolina, school choice is being discussed as perhaps the best way to both improve student achievement and spend education dollars more efficiently. The evidence from the 12 school choice programs currently running around the country is that the increased competition among public and private schools leads to more…

  9. Reprodução de Sterna hirundinacea Lesson e S. eurygnatha Saunders (Aves, Laridae, no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson and S. eurygnatha Saunders, along Santa Catarina coast, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available On the Brazilian coast, those species nest sympatrically, from the islands of Espírito Santo State to Santa Catarina State. From 1999 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of studying the breeding of S. hirundinacea and S. eurygnatha along Santa Catarina coast. The size of colonies in number of couples, reproduction strategy, length, width, weight and the volume of the eggs, as well as bill length and weight of the nestlings were determined. S. hirundinacea youth weight/length relationship was estimated and the reproductive success of the terns colonies was also determined.

  10. Flutuação populacional de Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera, Tephritidae na Região Oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil Population fluctuation of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera, Tephritidae in the Western Region of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fruit flies are the major pests in fruit orchards and require a frequent insecticide aplication control, which increases production cost and chemical residues in fruits. Adults of Anastrepha fraterculus were sampled from twelve peach, plum, orange, tangerine and acid lime orchards in four counties in the Western Region of Santa Catarina. Modified McPhail plastic traps, baited with glucose 10%, were used to collect the flies from October 1998 to September 2000. Trap monitoring, bait replacement and fruit flies sorting by species and sex were done weekly. A total of 4,164 specimens of A. fraterculus was collected and highest population was registered in the county of Chapecó (64,8% of all sampled flies. Adults were collected all year long, with the highest population peaks occurring from December and January, although the fluctuation was different for each fruit species due to their particular phenology and in different years. Positive correlation among temperature, atmospheric humidity and population levels of adults of A. fraterculus was observed. According to the degree days obtained for each year, 4851.9, 4632.9 and 4983.7, respectively in 1998, 1999 and 2000, it was established that A. fraterculus could present an average of 11.2 generations a year.

  11. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Parâmetros hematológicos de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae em local poluído e não poluído no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculatuscaptured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the reference site. The main results were an increased percentage of hematocrit and reduced numbers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the differential counting in fish from the polluted site. Red blood cells, total white blood cells and total counting of thrombocytesdid not vary between environments. The number of neutrophils remained at high levels in fish from both environments. This study demonstrated that water quality might affect the hematological parameters in free-living fish.Este estudo avaliou a resposta hematológica de Pimelodus maculatuscapturado em dois ambientes com diferentes níveis de poluição no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Um deles é um local de captação de água para abastecimento da cidade de Blumenau, onde a mata ciliar é preservada e não há descarga de esgotodenominado de local referência. O outro é caracterizado por descarga de esgoto doméstico denominado local poluído. Após a análise da qualidade da água, os peixes foram capturados, transportados para o laboratório e anestesiados para o exame hematológico. No localpoluído, o número mais provável de coliformes fecais foi maior e a transparência da água menor do que o local sem a descarga de esgoto

  12. Transtornos alimentares na visão de meninas adolescentes de Florianópolis: uma abordagem fenomenológica Eating disorders in the view of teenage girls from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State: a phenomenological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlene Leite Nunes

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetiva compreender o significado da experiência vivida por adolescentes do sexo feminino com transtorno alimentar (TA, com ênfase nos aspectos relacionados à alimentação, a partir de uma perspectiva fenomenológica. Entrevistamos sete adolescentes com TA, atendidas em hospitais e clínicas de Florianópolis (SC. Na análise das entrevistas, procuramos identificar as unidades de significado, categorizandoas para apreensão da estrutura geral da vivência, extraindo a estrutura do vivido. Foram identificadas nove unidades de significado: o que representa a comida, hábito alimentar, alimentos que deixaram de ser consumidos, alimentos que passaram a ser consumidos, consumo de refrigerantes, escolhas alimentares, composição das refeições, hábito alimentar da família e alimentação saudável. As unidades de significado revelaram, entre outros, o sofrimento das adolescentes, seja por engordar, não se achar magra suficiente, comer demais, não comer, provocar vômito, tomar laxante/diurético, tentar suicídio, ver pais sofrendo, não se sentirem compreendidas. A pesquisa proporcionou contemplar o fenômeno pelo prisma da relação com a comida, confirmando como esta relação está ligada ao emocional. Também mostrou como é viver com TA na visão das adolescentes, procurando enxergar esses transtornos segundo suas óticas e sentimentos.The article aims to understand the meaning of the teenagers' experience of having ED (eating disorders, underscoring the aspects related to eating, from a phenomenological perspective. Seven female teenagers with ED being taken care in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, were interviewed. A categorization was made to reach the perception of the general structure of the experience, extracting the structure of the past experience. Nine signification units that assessed the life experience were identified: the representation of the food, eating habits, food that no longer were eaten

  13. Land politics in the new state organisation in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Gran, Thorvald

    2009-01-01

    Article in the periodical DSA In a study of land politics carried out from 2001 to 2005 in the two western provinces of South Africa, the Northern and the Western Cape, a high degree of distrust was recorded between institutions in the provincial government. This article attempts to explain the distrust and how it affected the role of the land state in land reform in the two provinces. The analysis is developed from an institutional political science (IPS) perspective. The findings are tha...

  14. Student Leadership Perceptions in South Africa and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Laura M. Getz; Roy, Michael M.

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined high school and college students’ perceptions of leadership traits necessary foroutstanding leaders to possess in South Africa and the United States. Students (N =124) indicated traits that bothinhibited and facilitated outstanding leadership using modified Project GLOBE (House et al., 2004, Culture,leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies, SAGE Publications) questionnaires. Resultsshowed that: 1) Overall valence of trait dimensions remained co...

  15. The south-central United States magnetic anomaly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starich, P. J.; Hinze, W. J.; Braile, L. W.

    1985-01-01

    A positive magnetic anomaly, which dominates the MAGSAT scalar field over the south-central United States, results from the superposition of magnetic effects from several geologic sources and tectonic structures in the crust. The highly magnetic basement rocks of this region show good correlation with increased crustal thickness, above average crustal velocity and predominantly negative free-air gravity anomalies, all of which are useful constraints for modeling the magnetic sources. The positive anomaly is composed of two primary elements. The western-most segment is related to middle Proterozoic granite intrusions, rhyolite flows and interspersed metamorphic basement rocks in the Texas panhandle and eastern New Mexico. The anomaly and the magnetic crust are bounded to the west by the north-south striking Rio Grande Rift. The anomaly extends eastward over the Grenville age basement rocks of central Texas, and is terminated to the south and east by the buried extension of the Ouachita System. The northern segment of the anomaly extends eastward across Oklahoma and Arkansas to the Mississippi Embayment. It corresponds to a general positive magnetic region associated with the Wichita Mountains igneous complex in south-central Oklahoma and 1.2 to 1.5 Ga. felsic terrane to the north.

  16. Agroecologia e relazione con “l’altra”. Appunti di un’etnografia collaborativa con il movimento di donne contadine in Santa Catarina (Brasile) - Agroecology and the relation with “the other”: notes on a collaborative ethnography with the movement of peasant women in Santa Catarina - (Br)

    OpenAIRE

    Mariateresa Muraca

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a collaborative ethnography about political and pedagogical practices of the Movement of Peasant Women in Santa Catarina (Brazil). In particular, it investigates the educational potential of the agroecological practices and reflections developed by the movement, in order to rethink the “negated relation” between the peasants of European origin and the native population, into the social-political-cultural context of the State of Santa Catarina. After a brief reference t...

  17. GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION IN NATURAL AND CULTURED MUSSELS OF Perna perna (MOLLUSCA, MYTILIDAE) IN SANTA CATARINA DIFERENCIAÇÃO GENÉTICA DE ESTOQUES NATURAIS E CULTIVO DO MEXILHÃO Perna perna EM SANTA CATARINA.

    OpenAIRE

    M. B. NOEL; G. C. MANZONI; L. I. WEBER

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this work was to analyse genetically natural beds and cultures of the most commercially important mollusc of Santa Catarina (South Brazil), the brown mussel Perna perna. Two sites were chosen for sampling from natural beds and for settling experimental lines with seeds obtained from each local farm. Experimental lines were maintained during four months for evaluating the growth of mussels from different cultures. DNA was extracted by Chelex-Proteinasek method from adductor muscle a...

  18. A contribution to the pollination ecology of Tabebuia pulcherrima (Bignoniaceae in a sandbank area of the south of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Inácio Orth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Studies on pollination mechanisms in Bignoniaceae have show some evidence of co-evolution with its pollen vectors. Floral biology and flower visitors of Tabebuia pulcherrima were investigated in a sandbank area. Flower phenology, the nectar production, pollen/ovule ratio, and identification of the flower visitors, as well as their behavior, were studied. Tabebuia pulcherrima displays typical melitophilous flowers, due to its morphology, diurnal anthesis and day-long nectar secretion. In the morning, the nectar volume is smaller, which is associated with a higher frequency of visitors. The pollen/ovule ratio indicates facultative xenogamy. We collected 88 insects on the flowers, 52% of which were bees; the rest were wasps, flies, ants end beetles. The most abundant species were Niltonia virgilii (42%, Bombus morio (20% and Xylocopa brasilianorum (18%. According to their frequency, abundance and visiting behavior, Bombus morio and Niltonia virgilii were considered to be the potencial pollinators of T. pulcherrima and Epicharis dejeanii, a secondary pollinator. The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a nectar robber of T. pulcherrima. The flowers of T. pulcherrima are an important food source for the entomofauna of the restinga, offering nectar and pollen as floral rewards.

  19. A contribution to the pollination ecology of Tabebuia pulcherrima (Bignoniaceae) in a sandbank area of the south of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso Inácio Orth; Maurício Lenzi; Dalzemira Anselmo da Silva Souza

    2004-01-01

    Studies on pollination mechanisms in Bignoniaceae have show some evidence of co-evolution with its pollen vectors. Floral biology and flower visitors of Tabebuia pulcherrima were investigated in a sandbank area. Flower phenology, the nectar production, pollen/ovule ratio, and identification of the flower visitors, as well as their behavior, were studied. Tabebuia pulcherrima displays typical melitophilous flowers, due to its morphology, diurnal anthesis and day-long nectar secretion. In the m...

  20. Differences in richness and composition of gastrointestinal parasites of small rodents (Cricetidae, Rodentia) in a continental and insular area of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina state, Brazil Diferenças na composição e na riqueza de parasitas gastrointestinais de pequenos roedores (Cricetidae, Rodentia) em uma área continental e uma insular de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    VV. Kuhnen; ME. Graipel; CJC. Pinto

    2012-01-01

    The first and only study on gastrointestinal parasites of wild rodents in the Island of Santa Catarina was done in 1987. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites from wild rodents in Santo Amaro da Imperatriz and Santa Catariana Island, and to compare the richness and composition of the gastrointestinal parasite community of both areas. Rodents were captured with live traps, and feces were screened using the sedimentation method and optical microscopy. The following species ...

  1. The quaternary geological history of the Santa Catarina Southeastern Region (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    FRANCISCO CARUSO JR.; KENITIRO SUGUIO; TOSHIO NAKAMURA

    2000-01-01

    This paper supply subsidies for Quaternary geological reconstruction of the southeastern State of Santa Catarina coast in Brazil, being based on detailed geological mapping supported by a series of drilling data, which allowed to establish a stratigraphical hierarchy of the sedimentary deposits. Among the mapped geological units stand out the extensive Pleistocene shallow marine sandy sediments, which are commonly referred as a barrier island - lagoonal depositional system. A drilling campaig...

  2. Fragmentation of Araucaria Forests in the Chapecó Ecological Corridor, Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Gisele Garcia Alarcon; Marcos Aurélio Da-Ré; Shigueko T. Ishiy Fukahori; Leonardo Rampinelli Zanella

    2011-01-01

    In Brazil, only 2% of the Araucaria forest remains, and less than 1% of this forest is protected (as conservation units). In Santa Catarina, the Chapecó River sub-basin was evaluated for the creation of a state ecological corridor. Studies were developed within the Microbacias 2 Project between 2007 and 2009. Landscape metrics provided important data for evaluating the conservation status of the forest remnants for the zoning of the corridor. The Chapecó Ecological Corridor encompasses around...

  3. New Forms of Economic Cooperation in Family Agriculture: The Case of Condominios in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Moyano-Estrada, Eduardo; Sacco dos Anjos, Flavio

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the authors analyze the Condominios as economic associations adapted to the characteristics of family agriculture in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. Firstly, they analyze the process of modernization of Brazilian agriculture that took place in the 1960s and 1970s under the military governments, giving special attention to the selective and exclusive effects this process had on small farmers. Within the framework of this process, they then go on to study the development o...

  4. School menus in Santa Catarina: Evaluation with respect to the National School Food Program regulations

    OpenAIRE

    Glenda Marreira Vidal; Marcela Boro Veiros; Anete Araújo de Sousa

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess compliance of school menu planning with the National School Food Program's regulations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 133 menus for 542 schools in 49 municipalities of the state of Santa Catarina. The menus were assessed according to the National School Food Program's regulations, the "Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population" and the "Qualitative Evaluation of Menu Components for Schools". The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. RESULTS: N...

  5. Contribution of studies for environmental licensing to the knowledge of Santa Catarina avifauna in southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Antônio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-01-01

    The knowledge generated by studies for environmental licensing, even with reduced field samplings, can contribute to the recording of species of avifauna or actually extends the distribution in places of low knowledge. This study presents data obtained from preliminary reports of impact where the avifauna in seven projects in different ecosystems of Santa Catarina state was diagnosed between January 2001 and January 2004. Sightings had occurred, mainly, by visual or auditory contacts, using b...

  6. The state of psychiatry in South Africa today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommisse, J

    1987-01-01

    The very idea/philosophy behind the South African government's policy of Apartheid (separation), is insulting and humiliating to the black people and tends to incite arrogance and a sense of superiority, even omnipotence, in the whites. Personality development is skewed along racial lines. The mental effects of malnutrition and certain physical diseases, both of which are widespread in South African blacks, especially among their children, are well known. The torture to which security-police detainees have been subjected has resulted in thousands of cases of mental ill-health, as well as physical ill-health, and about 100 deaths, in the past 30 years. Authoritative reports about the in-patient psychiatric facilities for blacks have shocked the world medical, psychiatric and lay communities, and out-patient services for blacks are only sparsely existent, especially in the rural areas (the so-called 'independent homelands' and 'self-governing national states'). The socio-political climate makes interracial therapy, necessary because of the paucity of trained black professionals, particularly difficult. This fact, and the psychological implications of Apartheid, have, until very recently, hardly ever been addressed by psychiatrists and psychologists practising in South Africa. The United Nations and its agency, the World Health Organization, have taken unequivocally oppositional stands for decades but the (West-oriented) World Medical Association and the (mostly-Western) World Psychiatric Association have yet to speak out on this issue, like they have on those involving the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc countries. PMID:3603095

  7. Characterization of Trypanosoma rangeli Strains Isolated in Central and South America: an Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grisard Edmundo C

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Trypanosoma rangeli is a hemoflagelate parasite that infects domestic and sylvatic animals, as well as man, in Central and South America. T. rangeli has an overlapping distribution with T. cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, sharing several animal reservoirs and triatomine vectors. We have isolated T. rangeli strains in the State of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, which dramatically increased the distribution area of this parasite. This brief review summarizes several studies comparing T. rangeli strains isolated in Santa Catarina with others isolated in Colombia, Honduras and Venezuela. The different methods used include indirect immunofluorescence and western blot assays, lectin agglutination, isoenzyme electrophoresis and random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis, triatomine susceptibility, in vitro cell infection assays, and mini-exon gene analysis.

  8. Intersection between Alcohol Abuse and Intimate Partner's Violence in a Rural Ijaw Community in Bayelsa State, South-South Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brisibe, Seiyefa; Ordinioha, Best; Dienye, Paul O.

    2012-01-01

    According to the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey, the south-south zone of Nigeria had the highest prevalence of domestic violence. This study is to find out if this is related to the widespread consumption of alcohol in the region. The study was carried out in Okoloba, a rural Ijaw community in Bayelsa State, where alcohol is produced…

  9. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Didelphis marsupialis in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo C Grisard

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Between 1984 and 1993 the prevalence of the Trypanosoma cruzi infection in opossums (Didelphis marsupialis was studied in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The association of the triatomine bug Panstrongylus megistus with opossums nests and the infection rate of these triatomines by T. cruzi was also studied. Thirteen different locations were studied in Santa Catarina Island (SCI, in which 137 D. marsupialis were collected. Sixty two opossums were collected at the Arvoredo Island (AI, located 12 miles north from SCI. All captured animals were submitted to parasitological examinations that revealed the presence of T. cruzi in 21.9% of the opossums captured in SCI and 45.2% among opossums captured in the AI. The presence of P. megistus was detected in most of the D. marsupialis nests collected in the SCI, however, in the non-inhabited AI only eight triatomines were collected during the whole study. The presence of T. cruzi-infected D. marsupialis associated with P. megistus in human dwellings in the SCI, and the high infection rate of D. marsupilais by T. cruzi in the absence of a high vector density are discussed.

  10. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Didelphis marsupialis in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grisard, E C; Carvalho-Pinto, C J; Scholz, A F; Toma, H K; Schlemper, B R; Steindel, M

    2000-01-01

    Between 1984 and 1993 the prevalence of the Trypanosoma cruzi infection in opossums (Didelphis marsupialis) was studied in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The association of the triatomine bug Panstrongylus megistus with opossums nests and the infection rate of these triatomines by T. cruzi was also studied. Thirteen different locations were studied in Santa Catarina Island (SCI), in which 137 D. marsupialis were collected. Sixty two opossums were collected at the Arvoredo Island (AI), located 12 miles north from SCI. All captured animals were submitted to parasitological examinations that revealed the presence of T. cruzi in 21.9% of the opossums captured in SCI and 45.2% among opossums captured in the AI. The presence of P. megistus was detected in most of the D. marsupialis nests collected in the SCI, however, in the non-inhabited AI only eight triatomines were collected during the whole study. The presence of T. cruzi-infected D. marsupialis associated with P. megistus in human dwellings in the SCI, and the high infection rate of D. marsupilais by T. cruzi in the absence of a high vector density are discussed. PMID:11080763

  11. Oficinas líticas do litoral central de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Comerlato

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this visual essay is to present the diversity of forms, volumes and textures of fixed sharpener-polishers throughout archaeological sites in the islands and beaches of Santa Catarina. These photographs were part of the exhibition "Paths of Archaeology" held at the Museum "Prof. Oswaldo Rodrigues Cabral" at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC during the years 1996 to 2003. The exhibit was visited by approximately 20,000 people. Through pictures and short descriptions, this exhibition sought to raise public awareness for the preservation of archaeological sites. A second version, parallel to the exposed at UFSC, was presented at the Floral Shop & Music (Florianópolis, at the Cultural Centre Bento Silvério (Florianópolis, the Alliance Française of Florianópolis, on the campus of Palhoça at the University of Vale do Itajai (UNIVALI-Palhoça, the Historical Museum of São José (São José, at Espaço Cultural 14 (Florianópolis, the Public Records of the State of Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, in the Meetings of the Museological Studies in Itapiranga and Gaspar, among other places.

  12. The type locality of the South American Tern, Sterna hirundinacea (Aves: Charadriiformes: Sternidae), with designation of a lectotype

    OpenAIRE

    Caio J. Carlos; Jean-François Voisin

    2013-01-01

    The type locality of the South American Tern, Sterna hirundinacea, has long been considered to be the state of Santa Catarina in South Brazil. This conclusion was probably based on two syntypes, from the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris, France, one from Laguna and the other from an unspecified locality. The latter was probably shot on the coast of Rio de Janeiro. A recent molecular study has shown that Brazilian and Patagonian populations of S. hirundinacea are not completely pa...

  13. 76 FR 47094 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan; South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the California... following local rule: South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1175, Control of Emissions from the... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan; South Coast Air...

  14. The High Cost of South Carolina's Low Graduation Rate. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2007-01-01

    Research has documented a crisis in South Carolina's high school graduation rate. While state officials report a graduation rate above 70 percent, researchers from South Carolina and elsewhere place the rate just above 50 percent, with rates among minority students lower than 50 percent. South Carolina's graduation rate is the worst of all 50…

  15. Differences in richness and composition of gastrointestinal parasites of small rodents (Cricetidae, Rodentia in a continental and insular area of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina state, Brazil Diferenças na composição e na riqueza de parasitas gastrointestinais de pequenos roedores (Cricetidae, Rodentia em uma área continental e uma insular de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VV. Kuhnen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The first and only study on gastrointestinal parasites of wild rodents in the Island of Santa Catarina was done in 1987. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites from wild rodents in Santo Amaro da Imperatriz and Santa Catariana Island, and to compare the richness and composition of the gastrointestinal parasite community of both areas. Rodents were captured with live traps, and feces were screened using the sedimentation method and optical microscopy. The following species of rodents were captured in the two areas: Akodon montensis, Euryoryzomys russatus, Oligoryzomys nigripes and Nectomys squamipes. In Santo Amaro da Impetratriz, prevalent parasites were: A. montensis (51%, E. russatus (62%, O. nigripes (53% and N. squamipes (20%. From the Island of Santa Catarina the rodent prevalence rates were: A. montensis (43%, E. russatus (59%, O. nigripes (30% and N. squamipes (33% and the collected parasites were: Hymenolepis sp., Longistriata sp., Strongyloides sp., Hassalstrongylus sp., Syphacia sp., Trichomonas sp., Ancylostomidae, Trichuridae, Oxyuridae and Eucoccidiorida. The species richness (10.6 ± 0.7 of the endoparasite comunity in the area located on the continent was higher (p Parasitas gastrointestinais de roedores silvestres foram estudados pela primeira vez na Ilha de Santa Catarina em 1987. Desde então, nenhum outro estudo nessa área foi realizado no Estado. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar parasitas intestinais de roedores silvestres de Santo Amaro da Imperatriz e da Ilha de Santa Catarina, bem como comparar a composição e a riqueza da comunidade de parasitas gastrointestinais de ambas as áreas. A análise das fezes dos animais capturados foi realizada por meio do método de sedimentação espontânea (HJP e por microscopia óptica. Nas duas áreas, foram capturadas as espécies de roedores Akodon montensis, Euryoryzomys russatus, Oligoryzomys nigripes e Nectomys squamipes. Em Santo Amaro da

  16. Biomedical Waste Treatment: A Case Study of some Selected Hospitals in Bayelsa State, South-South, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Zekieni R. Yelebe; Revelation J. Samuel; Blessing Z. Yelebe

    2015-01-01

    The treatment and disposal of solid medical waste from hospitals in Nigeria has been of growing concern in recent times. This is due to the hazardous nature of these wastes and the potential threat to spread deadly diseases to humans and other living organisms. To characterise and quantify these wastes, a study was carried out to ascertain the generation of biomedical wastes from ten hospitals in Bayelsa State, South-South, Nigeria. The hospitals were categorised into Tertiary, Secondary a...

  17. Gender equality, the state and civil society: A comparative case study of Rwanda and South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Carlson, Katie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the evolution of gender equality as manifested and protected by the state in both Rwanda and South Africa since 1994. As a liberal democracy, South Africa should, in theory, allow for the influence of citizens in policy making and be held accountable for its shortcomings regarding its commitment to gender equality and ending violence against women. Evidence reveals that the South African state falls far short of these ideals, particularly in its relationships with women’s ...

  18. Avaliação econômica de alternativas de investimentos no agronegócio da uva no meio oeste Catarinense Economic analysis of investment in the agribusiness of the grape in the half west Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Leomar Kreuz

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as expectativas de retorno associadas ao agronegócio uva para vinho e para suco, no Meio Oeste Catarinense. Detalham-se os investimentos, os custos de produção e a rentabilidade financeira inerentes a esta atividade, tendo-se por base a produção de uva para vinho e para suco, em três sistemas de sustentação: latada, manjedoura e espaldeira. A metodologia utilizada, baseada no fluxo de caixa descontado, consistiu na geração de indicadores de retorno e risco. Apesar da leve supremacia da produção de uva destinada para vinho, os indicadores calculados sinalizam para uma rentabilidade baixa tanto para o caso do vinho como para o suco.The present article aims at analyzing the production costs, profitability and risks involved in the grape agro-business addressed to wine and juice production in West of Santa Catarina state region. Investments, production costs, profitability and risks involved in this activity are described based on three support systems for wine grape and juice grape production: trellis, Y type trellis and Vertical trellis. The methodology, based on the discounted cash flow, generated return and risk indicators. These indicators show low profitability and medium risk concerning wine, and low profitability and risk concerning juice.

  19. Developmental State Policy, Educational Development, and Economic Development: Policy Processes in South Korea (1961-1979)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ki Su

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores two inter-connected issues--the state's role in educational development and educational contribution to economic development--in the policy processes entailed by the South Korean state's pursuit of economic development during the Park Chung Hi era, 1961-1979. It disputes the statist view that South Korea's economic development…

  20. Behaviour of the groundwater system in the Santa Catarina area, Mexico City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the southeast area of Mexico City a line of 14 wells exist and are used as a potable water supply for surrounding towns. The average distance between each well is approximately 400 m. Each well was drilled to an approximate depth of 400 m. The results of vertical electrical soundings, performed as part of another study, indicated the presence of mineralized water down to a depth of approximately 200 m with potable water beneath. The granular aquifer is bounded by basaltic flows related to the Sierras de Santa Catarina in the north and the Chichinautzin in the south. To aid in the determination of the age and origin of the different groundwaters indicated by the geophysics, a geochemical and isotopic monitoring program was completed. Geochemical analysis was limited to the major ions. Isotopic analysis included 18O, 2H, 3H, 34S and 14C. Geochemical and isotopic data was significantly varied within the well field. The geochemical, isotopic and geophysical data was combined to produce a hydrogeological and hydrogeochemical qualitative model for the aquifer that exists around the Santa Catarina well field. (author). 11 refs, 3 figs, 7 tabs

  1. Tectono-stratigraphic control of the generation, migration and trapping process in the Irati-Rio Bonito Petroleum System, Santa Catarina coal field region; Controle tectonoestratigrafico dos processos de geracao, migracao e trapeamento do Sistema Petrolifero Irati-Rio Bonito, na regiao carbonifera de Santa Catarina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loutfi, Ivan Soares; Pereira, Egberto; Rodrigues, Rene; Cardozo, Cassia Lima [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ). Faculdade de Geologia. Dept. de Estratigrafia e Paleontologia (Brazil)], e-mail: rene@uerj.br

    2010-05-15

    The work aims at the geological characterization of the structural and stratigraphic system responsible for the petroleum oils that occurs in Rio Bonito Formation, in the coal fields of Santa Catarina, eastern edge of Parana Basin, in the municipalities of Lauro Muller, Sideropolis and Criciuma, state of Santa Catarina. Currently, it has been speculated that the geochemical signature of this oil is related to the Irati Formation associated with an unconventional model generation, by the thermal maturation of diabase intrusion, due to source rock insufficient burial. As the Irati is stratigraphically positioned above the Rio Bonito Formation, the system is associated to a strong structural control for the migration model. The preparation of a geological map for the area that includes the geological field data, aero magnetometry map data and drill hole information has enabled to a deep understanding of tectonic-stratigraphic region. Geological cross-sections showed the presence of faults that caused a system of grabens and horsts related to NE-SW faults and secondarily E-W, mapped in the study area, that may have positioned the Irati Formation alongside or below the Rio Bonito Formation. Chronostratigraphic sections made it possible to recognize seals, structural and stratigraphic traps associated with the petroleum system Irati-Rio Bonito. The geochemical analysis of the oil (biomarkers) and isotopes collected at the Rio Bonito Formation, indicated that they are associated with the Assistencia Member shales (Irati Formation). The structural framework and studied oils in the region suggest that the migration occurred from south-west to northeast along the NE-SW fault system that was generated previously the basalt floods associated with the Serra Geral Formation. (author)

  2. Mapping land use changes in the carboniferous region of Santa Catarina, report 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeriano, D. D. (Principal Investigator); Bitencourtpereira, M. D.

    1983-01-01

    The techniques applied to MSS-LANDSAT data in the land-use mapping of Criciuma region (Santa Catarina state, Brazil) are presented along with the results of a classification accuracy estimate tested on the resulting map. The MSS-LANDSAT data digital processing involves noise suppression, features selection and a hybrid classifier. The accuracy test is made through comparisons with aerial photographs of sampled points. The utilization of digital processing to map the classes agricultural lands, forest lands and urban areas is recommended, while the coal refuse areas should be mapped visually.

  3. Ocorrência de Puma concolor (Linnaeus) (Felidae, Carnivora) em áreas de vegetação remanescente de Santa Catarina, Brasil Presence of Puma concolor (Linnaeus) (Felidae, Carnivora) on remnant habitats in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Mazzolli

    1993-01-01

    Several reports on puma (Puma concolor) have been made in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, most of them in remnant original habitats above 800 meters. These records show a thight relationship between the puma with altitude and mainly with habitat quality. The eastern boundary of the puma range isset by the mountain chains of Serra do Mar and Serra Geral. The definite implementation of National Parks and Reserves, studies of movements, and polimorfism analyses are suggested, in or...

  4. Onychomycosis by Scytalidium dimidiatum: report of two cases in Santa Catarina, Brazil Onicomicose por Scytalidium dimidiatum: relato de dois casos em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucíola Nascimento Pontarelli

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Onychomycoses constitute pathologies frequently seen in dermatological practice worldwide. Usually, they are caused by two groups of pathogenic fungi: dermatophytes and yeasts of the Candida genus. However, in a small fraction of the cases, the etiologic agents comprise nondermatophyte molds, belonging to several genera and species. The objective of this study was to present two cases of onychomycosis associated to the mold Scytalidium dimidiatum in patients residing in two cities of Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Aspects of fungal pathogenesis, as well as the epidemiological characteristics and laboratory diagnosis, are discussed.Onicomicoses se apresentam como infecções fúngicas localizadas, muito freqüentes na prática dermatológica. Na grande maioria das vezes, são causadas por dois grupos: dermatófitos e leveduras do gênero Candida. Entretanto, em um pequeno percentual dos casos, os agentes etiológicos compreendem fungos filamentosos não-dermatófitos, pertencentes a vários gêneros e espécies. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de apresentar dois casos de onicomicose associados à espécie Scytalidium dimidiatum em pacientes residentes em dois municípios do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. São discutidos aspectos relacionados a sua patogênese, epidemiologia, diagnóstico laboratorial e tratamento.

  5. Mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcia Sueli Del Castanhel; Ingrid Laura Cavalcanti Schaefer Bittencourt; Maria de Lourdes de Souza; Lúcio José Botelh; Jean Carlos Bonissoni da Silva

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: analizar el perfil de la mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil, de 2001 a 2011. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, utilizando datos secundarios obtenidos del Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad, del Ministerio de Salud de Brasil, en relación a la mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina. Se utilizaron las siguientes variables de la declaración de óbitos (DO) relacionadas con el recién nacido: edad, sexo y peso al nacer; relacionado con la madre, ...

  6. Distribution of Neotropical Otter, Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818 (Mustelidae in Coastal Islands Of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oldemar Carvalho-Junior,

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the distribution of neotropical otters (Lontra longicaudis in coastal islands of Santa Catarina State. A total of 23 islands were surveyed, through 46 field trips. Otter's signs were found in 9 islands, representing 39% of the total. It is believed that the Lontra longicaudis use these islands as a support for its movement from one place to another. The results could be indicating the existence of a coastal ecological corridor used by the neotropical otter.

  7. Decálogo da gestão costeira para Santa Catarina: avaliando a estrutura estadual para o desenvolvimento do Programa Estadual de Gerenciamento Costeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Andrade

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has a National Coastal Management Program that was established 25 years ago, extending to the 17 coastal Brazilian states. Santa Catarina was one of the pioneers. However, despite the legal and institutional framework at the national and, more recently, at the state level, Brazilian and Santa Catarina coastal zone have been degrading. Emphasis is given to the increasing damage by storms and flooding in coastal cities; water contamination by poor sanitation, increasing levels of risk to human health; concentration of population and poverty; loss of biodiversity; reduction of critical habitat area and fragmentation of ecosystems; poor access to public use of coastal areas; increased levels of risk of oil spill accidents; reduced diversity of landscapes; erosion of the shoreline; among others. The gap in the implementation of tools provided by the Federal and State Coastal Management Programs combined with almost no evaluation of management processes lead to situations of degradation. This study evaluated the State Coastal Management Program of Santa Catarina: management and financial arrangement and governance system based on 10 pre-established indicators, defined by the Decalogue methodology. We conclude that the management aspects with better advancement in Santa Catarina are: Normative and tools applied to the coast, establishment of responsibilities, as well as information available. On the other hand there is precarious and important aspects that should be given priority to strengthening coastal management: clear definition of Public Policy, Institutions, Education and Training of managers and community, Education for Sustainability, Resources and Public Participation

  8. Can South Africa afford to become Africa's first welfare state?

    OpenAIRE

    Thurlow, James

    2002-01-01

    "This paper assesses the economy-wide impact of implementing and financing a universal or basic income grant (BIG) in South Africa. The various financing scenarios suggested by the proponents of the grant are presented, and these are compared using an applied general equilibrium model for the South African economy. The results indicate that the required changes in direct and indirect tax rates needed to finance the grant without increasing the government deficit are substantially higher than ...

  9. Pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos nos Estados da Região Centro- Sul do Brasil = Water footprint of pigs slaughtered in the states of south-central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Pascale Palhares

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi calcular a pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos no Brasil em 2008 em cada um dos Estados da Região Centro-Sul do país. O cálculo da pegada considerou a água consumida na produção de grãos (milho e soja, água de dessedentação e água utilizada na limpeza das instalações. O Estado que apresentou a maior pegada hídrica foi o Rio Grande do Sul (2,702 km3, seguido de Santa Catarina (2,401 km3 e Paraná (1,089 km3. Os Estados com as menores pegadas foram Rio de Janeiro (0,00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0,0354 km3 e Espírito Santo (0,0719 km3. Os Estados com baixas produtividades para as culturas de milho e soja apresentaram pegadas hídricas maiores. O cálculo da pegada demonstrou que a gestão hídrica da cadeia produtiva de suínos não pode abordar somente a unidade produtiva, devendo inserir as cadeias agrícolas que se relacionam com ela. The aim of this study was to calculate the water footprint of pigs slaughtered in 2008 in each state of south-central Brazil. The calculation of water footprint considered water consumed in grain production (corn and soybean, drinking water and washing water.Rio Grande do Sul was the state with the largest water footprint (2.702 km3, followed by Santa Catarina (2.401 km3 and Parana (1.089 km3. States with the smallest footprints were Rio de Janeiro (0.00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0.0354 km3, and Espírito Santo(0.0719 km3. States with low yields of corn and soybeans had higher water footprint. Calculations show that water management in swine production cannot address only the farm; it should include related agricultural supply chains.

  10. QUALITY POPULAR NEWSPAPERS: Ethics and sensationalism in a new standard of interior Journalism in Santa Catarina - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Seligman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The circulation decrease of newspapers printed in Brazil, whichfollowed an international trend, became a unique phenomenonobserved in the country. The resumption of the editorial successof this media occurred with the adoption of new features thatconcentrate content and form on the lower classes. In the stateof Santa Catarina, a representative sample of newspapers from all over the state was examined. To do that, we used Content Analysis according to Krippendorff’s definitions (1990. What we can see is the establishment of a new standard of interior Journalism in Santa Catarina, with the content focused on what is now classified as Quality Popular Journalism. It is the preference for the local viewpoint and for service to the community that is intended, abandoning traditional characteristics of this segment such as sensationalism.

  11. 78 FR 48904 - United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota; Public Comment and Response on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... Antitrust Division United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota; Public Comment and... United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota., Civil Action No. 13-CV- 4030-LLP, which... DIVISION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. CHIROPRACTIC ASSOCIATES, LTD. OF SOUTH DAKOTA,...

  12. 77 FR 1665 - Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... Forest Service Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well AGENCY... the USA and State South Branch 1-8 well. SUMMARY: The Huron-Manistee National Forests (Forest Service... gas well, the USA & State South Branch 1-8 (SB 1-8) well, on National Forest System lands. The...

  13. 77 FR 58807 - Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Forest Service Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well AGENCY... well, the USA & State South Branch 1-8 (SB 1-8) well, on National Forest System lands. The leaseholder... Intent to prepare and environmental impact statement for the USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well...

  14. Government of Republic of South Sudan Public Finance Management Assessment : Northern Bahr el Ghazal State

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this assessment is to assess the public finance management (PFM) system performance of the Northern Bahr el Ghazal State Government (NBGSG). The assessment is one of a number of public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) assessments being conducted in South Sudan. The PEFA assessment is focused on the PFM systems of NBGSG in South Sudan and the county of Aweil We...

  15. 76 FR 78871 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  16. 75 FR 32353 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the...

  17. 77 FR 32483 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the...

  18. 75 FR 46880 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  19. 76 FR 41744 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  20. South Dakota State University's Library: A History. Hilton M. Briggs Library Occasional Paper Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Philip

    Tracing the history of South Dakota State University's Hilton M. Briggs Library over the past 102 years, this occasional paper describes the development of what is now the largest library (over 1.1 million total pieces) in the South Dakota Library Network from its inception as part of a small land grant college. Administrative eras are reviewed,…

  1. Estudo de caso de uma situação atmosférica entre 12 e 19 de setembro de 2008, com algumas características semelhantes ao evento Catarina Case study of an atmospheric situation between 12 and 19 september 2009 with some similar characteristics to the Catarina event

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Miho Narukawa Iwabe

    2011-03-01

    caso é dificultada. Sistemas como o Catarina podem ser raros no Atlântico Sul, mas isso não ocorre em relação ao ambiente sinótico em que se formou o Catarina. Para melhor entender o processo atmosférico que levou à formação do Catarina, é necessário realizar experimentos numéricos de sensibilidade para o caso de setembro de 2008 com o objetivo de verificar a possibilidade do ciclone extratropical se tornar um ciclone tropical.In this work a synoptic/dynamic analysis of atmospheric conditions associated with the cyclone development occurred between 2008 September 12 and 19 is presented, aiming to highlight differences and similarities to the environment of Catarina event in March 2004. The main similarities were found in the synoptic patterns: occurrence of a pattern typical of dipole blocking associated with the potential vorticity anomaly at upper levels; a trough at middle levels with westward slope; the presence of a column of cyclonic vorticity from surface to lower stratosphere; and on the surface, the pattern of a higher pressure to the south of a lower pressure. Despite these similarities, differences that influence the intensity of the systems were found: the Catarina occurred in lower latitudes compared to the 2008 September case; the blocking pattern associated with September 2008 case was a day and a half long, while the Catarina lasted three days; the configuration of temperature advection in the 1000-500 hPa layer favored the displacement of the September 2008 event from eastward/southeastward, in contrast to Catarina, in which the warm advection to the east of the cyclone was suppressed and the local tendency of geopotential height was positive, which hinder the displacement of the system eastward; in the case of 2008 September the pattern of the meridional temperature gradient inversion on the -2.0 units of potential vorticity (UPV surface was characterized by the incursion of an elongated region of warm air from the equator toward the

  2. The Universal Jurisdiction of South African Criminal Courts and Immunities of Foreign State Officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evode

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Under the "complementarity" regime of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC, the jurisdiction of the ICC is secondary to the jurisdiction of domestic courts. States Parties, not the ICC, have the primary responsibility of investigating and prosecuting international crimes. The ICC acts only when States are "unable" or "unwilling" to prosecute. As a State Party, in order to give effect to the complementarity principle, South Africa enacted the Implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Act 27 of 2002, which determines the modalities of prosecuting perpetrators of the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in South African courts. The Implementation Act also provides that South African courts will have jurisdiction over these crimes not only when they are committed on the territory of South Africa but also when they are committed outside the Republic. By granting South African courts jurisdiction over a person who commits a crime outside the Republic when that person is later found on South African territory, without regard to that person's nationality or the nationality of the victims, the Implementation Act empowers South African courts with universal jurisdiction over international crimes. This paper seeks to determine whether and to what extent foreign State officials, such as foreign heads of State, heads of government and ministers of foreign affairs, can plead immunity when they are accused of international crimes before South African courts when exercising their universal jurisdiction in terms of the Implementation Act and in accordance with the complementarity regime of the Rome Statute. In other words, the article endeavours to determine whether international law rules regarding immunities of State officials may or may not limit the ability of South African courts to exercise universal jurisdiction over international crimes committed in foreign States.

  3. Técnicas de amostragem utilizadas nas empresas de auditoria independente estabelecidas em Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto da Cunha

    2006-04-01

    descriptive survey aims to identify the sampling techniques currently used by independent auditing companies established in Santa Catarina, using quantitative methodology. The study population consists of the 21 independent auditing companies established in this state, which are registered at the Brazilian Securities Commission, and the sample by accessibility totaled 12 companies. Data were collected through a questionnaire with open and closed questions. The results indicate that the independent auditing companies established in Santa Catarina do not apply statistical sampling techniques. Observance and substantive tests are carried out on a sampling basis selected on the basis of subjectivity or the auditors' judgment and experience.

  4. International portfolio diversification: United States and south Asian equity markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mushtaq Rizwan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the dynamic liaison between US and three developing South Asian equity markets in short and long term. To gauge the long-term relationship, we applied Johansen co-integration procedure as all the representative indices are found to be non-stationary at level. The findings illustrate that the US equity market index exhibits a reasonably different movement over time in contrast to the three developing equity markets under consideration. However, the Granger-causality test divulge that the direction of causality scamper from US equity market to the three South Asian markets. It further indicates that within the three developing equity markets the direction of causality emanates from Bombay stock market to Karachi and Colombo. Overall, the results of the study suggest that the American investors can get higher returns through international diversification into developing equity markets, while the US stock market would also be a gainful upshot for South Asian investors.

  5. 78 FR 18936 - Revision to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revision to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management Plan AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA...

  6. Avifauna associada a ambientes de influência marítima no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Avifauna associated to environments subjected to marine influence along Santa Catarina Coast, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Apesar dos 561,4 km e de aproximadamente 300 praias e vários estuários ao longo da costa catarinense, informações sobre as aves associadas aos ambientes de influência marítima são escassos. Durante o período de abril/2002 a maio/2003 foram realizados censos trimestrais na avifauna com o objetivo de determinar a composição e abundância dos agrupamentos, diversidade, equitabilidade e similaridade ao longo do litoral de Santa Catarina. Foram realizados 28 censos, sendo efetuados quatro por sítio e registradas a ocorrência de 62 espécies em bandos mistos, onde as aves marinhas costeiras e algumas limícolas foram as mais freqüentes e abundantes.Informations about birds associated to environments subjected to marine influence are scarce in Santa Catarina State, despite its 561.4 km and approximately 300 beaches and several estuaries. Trimestral bird censuses were realized from April/2002 to May/2003 with the purpose of determining the composition and abundance of bird groupings, diversity, equitability and similarity along Santa Catarina coast. A total of 28 censuses were realized, four in each site. It was registered the occurrence of 62 species in mixed groups, where the coastal seabirds and some limnological birds were the most frequent and abundant ones.

  7. A New Racial State? Exclusion and Inclusion in Education Policy and Practice in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soudien, Crain; Sayed, Yusef

    2004-01-01

    This article seeks to argue that the nature of the new South African state is bound up with the processes of the political negotiations and the compromises that led to the coming into being of the new democracy in 1994. Incontrovertible as it is that a new state was born, always evident, it is argued, was the parentage of this state, that of a…

  8. South Carolina State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The South Carolina State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in South Carolina. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in South Carolina. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as definied by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in South Carolina

  9. South Dakota State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The South Dakota State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in South Dakota. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in South Dakota. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in South Dakota

  10. South Dakota State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-10-01

    The South Dakota State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in South Dakota. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in South Dakota. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in South Dakota.

  11. South Carolina State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-08-01

    The South Carolina State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in South Carolina. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in South Carolina. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as definied by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in South Carolina.

  12. Fragmentation of Araucaria Forests in the Chapecó Ecological Corridor, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele Garcia Alarcon

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, only 2% of the Araucaria forest remains, and less than 1% of this forest is protected (as conservation units. In Santa Catarina, the Chapecó River sub-basin was evaluated for the creation of a state ecological corridor. Studies were developed within the Microbacias 2 Project between 2007 and 2009. Landscape metrics provided important data for evaluating the conservation status of the forest remnants for the zoning of the corridor. The Chapecó Ecological Corridor encompasses around 5,000km²; 50.5% of this area comprises remnants of natural ecosystems and 42.7% is used by agricultural activities. Fifteen fragments, which are each larger than 500ha, are Araucaria forests that contain elements of Floresta Estacional Decidual. Of the 83 watersheds studied in permanent preservation areas, 20.5% has more than 60% vegetation cover and 57.5% has between 10% and 30% vegetation cover. It is estimated that the sub-basin has 111,000km2 of forest on private properties, along with remnants in three conservation units and three indigenous areas. The forests of the Chapecó Ecological Corridor represent the last fragments of continuous Araucaria forest in western Santa Catarina.

  13. School menus in Santa Catarina: Evaluation with respect to the National School Food Program regulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenda Marreira Vidal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess compliance of school menu planning with the National School Food Program's regulations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 133 menus for 542 schools in 49 municipalities of the state of Santa Catarina. The menus were assessed according to the National School Food Program's regulations, the "Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population" and the "Qualitative Evaluation of Menu Components for Schools". The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Nearly all (98.5% municipalities met the requirement of technical responsibility for menu development and 81.0% acquired foods from family farms. The menus contained fruits (87.2% and non-starchy vegetables (94.0%, but the frequencies of fruits and non-starchy vegetables were smaller than two to three times a week. The most common high-sodium and high-fat foods were commercially processed meats (53.0%, but their frequency was smaller than once a week. Likewise, the frequencies of beverages (natural fruit juice, coffee, and tea were smaller than once a week. Most menus (85.1% repeated foods during the week, and only 3.0% of the menus listed organic foods. CONCLUSION: Some school menus from Santa Catarina need to be revised with respect to the frequency of fruits and non-starchy vegetables, high-sugar foods, high-sodium foods, and high-fat foods, and need to increase food diversity and variety.

  14. International portfolio diversification: United States and south Asian equity markets

    OpenAIRE

    Mushtaq Rizwan; Shah Zulfiqar Syed Ali

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the dynamic liaison between US and three developing South Asian equity markets in short and long term. To gauge the long-term relationship, we applied Johansen co-integration procedure as all the representative indices are found to be non-stationary at level. The findings illustrate that the US equity market index exhibits a reasonably different movement over time in contrast to the three developing equity markets under consideration. Ho...

  15. South Sudan's capability trap: Building a state with disruptive innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Greg; Biar Ajak, Peter; Pritchett, Lant

    2013-01-01

    The prevailing aid orthodoxy works well enough in stable environments, but is ill-equipped to navigate contexts of volatility and fragility. The orthodox approach is adept at solving straightforward technical or logistical problems (paving roads, building schools, immunizing children), but often struggles or outright fails when faced with complex, adaptive challenges (fighting corruption, upholding the rule of law, establishing democratic institutions). South Sudan, the world's newest country...

  16. Serological Survey of Porcine circovirus-2 in Captive Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) from Registered Farms of South and South-east Regions of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, C N; Martins, N R S; Freitas, T R P; Lobato, Z I P

    2016-04-01

    This study aimed to survey captive wild boars for antibodies against Porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) in registered farms. Serum samples (n = 1305) were collected from 90-day-old wild boars from 118 farms of the Brazilian South-east region, including the states of Minas Gerais and São Paulo, and South region, including the states of Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. All herds (100%) presented reactive animals, in varying numbers and from low-to-high antibody titres, with the occurrence ranging from 82 to 89%. Considering farms, the average prevalence was of 84.9% (P captive wild boars in Brazil. PMID:25056836

  17. Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis sp. nov. (Porifera, Spongiidae no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis sp. nov. (Porifera, Spongiidae at the coastline of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Mothes

    Full Text Available Uma nova espécie, Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis, é descrita para a Ilha das Aranhas (27º29'077''S, 48º21'380''W, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Difere das outras espécies do gênero do Atlântico sudoeste pela morfologia externa e arquitetura. A nova espécie é caracterizada por apresentar forma massiva, incrustante com projeções lobulares; fibras primárias medindo 60-100 µm; fibras secundárias 11,5-69 µm; fibras pseudoterciárias 2,3-23 µm e distância entre fibras primárias 391-920 µm; distância entre fibras secundárias/pseudoterciárias 92-575 µm; fibras secundárias/pseudoterciárias constituindo malhas poligonais com 30-700 µm de diâmetro. A espécie pertence ao subgênero Heterofibria Cook & Bergquist, 2001 por apresentar uma clara dicotomia de suas fibras.A new species, Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis, is described from Ilha das Aranhas (27º29'077''S, 48º21'380''W, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. It differs from the other southwestern Atlantic species of this genus by external morphology and architecture. The new species is characterized for presenting massive form, incrusting with lobate projections; primary fibres measuring 60-100 µm; secondary fibres 11,5-69 µm; pseudotertiary fibres 2,3-23 µm and distance between primary fibres 391-920 µm; distance between secondary/pseudotertiary fibres 92-575 µm; secondary/pseudotertiary fibres constituting polygonal meshes 30-700 µm diameter. This species belongs to subgenus Heterofibria Cook & Bergquist, 2001 for displaying a clear dichotomy of its fibres.

  18. Perspectives on Security, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation: Views from the United States and South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Piombo, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    This project convened a dialogue between civil societies in the United States and the Republic of South Africa (RSA) to deepen understanding of the ways in which each nation views its most critical strategic security concerns and the domestic debates that shape those views. This project engaged in dialogue through the lens of nuclear disarmament, energy, and proliferation/nonproliferation issues. Despite cooperation on a number of matters in this area, U.S.-South Afr...

  19. Determinants of competitiveness in Santa Catarina`s higher education sector, from perception of its main CEOs Fatores determinantes da competitividade no ensino superior de Santa Catarina, a partir da percepção dos seus principais dirigentes

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Cesar Leite Esteves; Solange Maria da Silva

    2011-01-01

    This study was developed to identify and analyze the determinants of changes in the competitive structure of the Department of Higher Education of Santa Catarina, from the perception of the main leaders of institutions of higher education in Santa Catarina and the leaders of the two entities Private institutions that bring together the Community, or ACAF Private and Private Institutions, ie the AMPESC who participate in the creation and structuring of the Department of Higher Education in th...

  20. The Universal Jurisdiction of South African Criminal Courts and Immunities of Foreign State Officials

    OpenAIRE

    Evode

    2015-01-01

    Under the "complementarity" regime of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), the jurisdiction of the ICC is secondary to the jurisdiction of domestic courts. States Parties, not the ICC, have the primary responsibility of investigating and prosecuting international crimes. The ICC acts only when States are "unable" or "unwilling" to prosecute. As a State Party, in order to give effect to the complementarity principle, South Africa enacted the Implementation of the Rome St...

  1. Measurement and modeling of wind waves at the northern coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Henrique G. M. Alves

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Directional measurements of wind-wave spectra made during the year of 1996 are used in a preliminary investigation of the wind-wave climate and its transformation at the São Francisco do Sul island, northern coast of the Santa Catarina state. Four major sea states and associated meteorological conditions are identified through analyses of joint distributions of observed wave parameters. Transformations of these main sea-state patterns due to refraction and shoaling are investigated through a numerical modeling approach that allows the reconstruction of the wave field within extensive coastal areas, using single point measurements of the wave spectrum in shallow waters. Cross-validation of measured and reconstructed spectra at the study site yield consistent results, suggesting that the proposed methodology works well for the São Francisco do Sul coast.Medições do espectro direcional de ondas geradas pelo vento realizadas em 1996 são utilizadas em uma investigação preliminar do clima de ondas no litoral norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Quatro estados de mar predominantes são identificados, em conjunto com os padrões meteorológicos associados a sua ocorrência, através de análises estatísticas. As transformações desses quatro estados de mar devido a refraçâo e empinamento são investigadas através de modelos numéricos, que permitem obter estimativas do campo de ondas em áreas extensas a partir de medições pontuais feitas em águas rasas. Comparações entre espectros medidos e modelados produzem resultados consistentes, sugerindo que a metodologia proposta é válida para a costa de São Francisco do Sul.

  2. Changes in food habits of south Indian Hindu Brahmin immigrants in State College, PA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadevan, Meena; Blair, Dorothy

    2009-01-01

    This study was conducted to understand the factors influencing changes in the food habits of south Indian Brahmin immigrants in State College, PA. Data was collected from participants (n = 28) using a semi-structured interview based on the PRECEDE framework, and participant observations. Analysis of the data used grounded theory generated themes highlighting their food acculturation experience. Adjusting in State College was described as a "delicate balance" that meant maintaining their south Indian traditions while at the same time adapting to the cultural milieu of a town that favored north Indian cuisine, and "blending in" with the larger American society. PMID:21883066

  3. Reproductive Dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831 in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Augusto Alves Fracasso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we intend to describe the reproductive dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea in an island from South Brazil. We studied the reproductive biology of this species in its natural environment and provide data on their growth, survival, and reproductive success in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, South Brazil. Samplings were carried out daily on the island throughout the reproductive seasons of 2003, 2005, and 2006 and the different stages of development of the chicks were characterized according to age, length of the beak, and plumage characteristics. We provide a basic equation Lm=167.91 (1-e-0.062t--0.23 to determine the approximate age of individuals using their body mass. The main cause of chick mortality on the island was natural (63.17% in 2003, 81.41% in 2005, and 79.96% in 2006, whereas predation contributed to mortality in a proportion of 38.83% in 2003, 18.59% in 2005, and 20.04% in 2006. The absence in the area of the chicks’ main predator, Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus, the large number of chicks that reached the final stages of development, and their reproductive success demonstrate that Ilha dos Cardos is an important breeding site for the species in southern Brazil.

  4. Conservação pós-colheita de banana cv. nanicão climatizada e comercializada em Cuiabá - MT e região Postharvest of banana 'nanicão' produced in the states of Mato Grosso and Santa Catarina, marketed in Cuiabá -MT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Pires Campos

    2003-04-01

    superiores de acidez, o que favorece o seu sabor quando relacionado com os teores de açúcares.The banana cv. Nanicão is the main cultivated and marketed in the Brazilian and world markets. Most of this banana marketed in the State of Mato Grosso comes from another States, and Mato Grosso presents edaphoclimatic conditions to be sufficient in the production of this cultivar and besides to assist other markets. The objective of this work it was to verify the conditions of the climatization of bananas cv. Nanicão and its influence in the post harvest conservation of fruits produced in Mato Grosso (MT and coming from Santa Catarina State (SC. Twelve boxes were accompanied, weighting around 21 kg of bananas cv. Nanicão picked in the municipal district of Campo Verde-MT, in commercial orchard and also 12 boxes originated from SC. Previously of the climatization period, and during the whole period of useful life of the fruits, the temperature and relative humidity, the evolution of the coloration of the fruits and their weight loss, the total soluble solids and titratable acidity in the green and mature fruits were monitored. The largest period of useful life of banana coming from SC was verified, 3 day after the retreat of the climatization camera, turning totally yellow and with maximum values of 7,07% of loss of fruit weight. The banana cv. Nanicão produced in MT reached values of weight loss 5,69% in the 2nd day, when after that period it would not be appropriated for commercialization. The coloration of the fruits developed to yellow, and in some bunches they continued with green points, while other already began the senescence (brown points, being this smaller difference in bananas of MT, which reached a paler yellow coloration. These alterations can be related, respectively, with the lack of efficient circulation of the ethylene and the low relative humidity, around 65%, during the climatization.

  5. Relevância da estratégia de coopetição para as IES: o posicionamento do Centro Universitário Católico de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Gaio

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The competition from consolidators in the educational market has intensified in the national and regional markets, such as Santa Catarina State, pressing the small and medium size IES to establish strategies of competition, cooperation and coopetition. The purpose of this position paper is to present the structured strategies for service excellence (KANO, 1984 and strategies coopetition (BRANDENBURGER and NALEBUFF, 1996; DAGNINO; PADULA, 2002 used by Centro Universitário Católico de Santa Catarina, established in Joinville since 2009. The literature review covered the main strategies of competition, cooperation, coopetition and the Kano (1984 matrix. It was presented the most relevant strategies under the Kano (1984 model and the coopetition strategies used by Centro Universitário Católico de Santa Catarina. The results of this research indicate the coopetition strategic position between the actors involved in higher education in the region, despite having a different set of strategies in its entrance position.

  6. Demand forecast: a case study at a meat agribusiness in west Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleunice Zanella

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on demand forecasts, companies plan production, financial and personnel scenarios, both in the long and short term. The forecasts are essential, especially for companies working with a push production system, for which there is no sale of collateral. They should therefore plan their production and financial systems with the aim of meeting the demand forecast of their products or services. Thus, this study was conducted at a meat agribusiness located in Chapecó, in the state of Santa Catarina, in order to analyze the demand forecasting methods used by the company. It is a case study with a qualitative approach. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews with the operations manager, commercial manager and analysts who respond to the demand forecasts made. The main results highlight the use of both quantitative and qualitative methods, as well as indicating the importance of demand forecasts for the planning of the company

  7. Drosophilids (Diptera) from an Atlantic Forest Area in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil Drosofilídeos (Diptera) de uma Área de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Jonas S. Döge; Valente, Vera L. S.; Paulo R. P Hofmann

    2008-01-01

    The present work aims at knowing the faunal composition of drosophilids in forest areas of southern Brazil. Besides, estimation of species richness for this fauna is briefly discussed. The sampling were carried out in three well-preserved areas of the Atlantic Rain Forest in the State of Santa Catarina. In this study, 136,931 specimens were captured and 96.6% of them were identified in the specific level. The observed species richness (153 species) is the largest that has been registered in f...

  8. Ocorrência de Puma concolor (Linnaeus (Felidae, Carnivora em áreas de vegetação remanescente de Santa Catarina, Brasil Presence of Puma concolor (Linnaeus (Felidae, Carnivora on remnant habitats in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Mazzolli

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Several reports on puma (Puma concolor have been made in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, most of them in remnant original habitats above 800 meters. These records show a thight relationship between the puma with altitude and mainly with habitat quality. The eastern boundary of the puma range isset by the mountain chains of Serra do Mar and Serra Geral. The definite implementation of National Parks and Reserves, studies of movements, and polimorfism analyses are suggested, in order to provide protected habitats and assure the genetic flow amongst puma populations.

  9. State of South Dakota's Child 2004 continued: out of home care for infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Ann

    2005-02-01

    South Dakota leads the nation in its percent of women in the workforce who have children under the age of six. Nationally, 64% of women with children this young are employed and this is the case for 78% of women in the state. Further, 60% of South Dakota's infants live in homes where either their single mother is employed or both their parents are employed outside of their home. Nearly half of all the state's infants and children under six receive nonparental care during their parents' working hours. The significance of this reality is profound as young children's experiences, during early formative periods of life, affect their current and future development. The dimensions of quality care for infants are described as well as the economic and policy dynamics that affect its delivery in South Dakota. PMID:15756777

  10. 77 FR 38509 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; South Carolina; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-28

    ... promulgated a rule to address regional haze on July 1, 1999 (64 FR 35714), the Regional Haze Rule (RHR). The... address the first implementation period for regional haze.\\1\\ See 77 FR 11894. EPA proposed a limited..., 2012, proposal action on the South Carolina regional haze SIP submittal (77 FR 11906), the states...

  11. Students' Beliefs about Mobile Devices vs. Desktop Computers in South Korea and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Eunmo; Mayer, Richard E.

    2012-01-01

    College students in the United States and in South Korea completed a 28-item multidimensional scaling (MDS) questionnaire in which they rated the similarity of 28 pairs of multimedia learning materials on a 10-point scale (e.g., narrated animation on a mobile device Vs. movie clip on a desktop computer) and a 56-item semantic differential…

  12. The State of Humanities in Post-Apartheid South Africa--A Quantitative Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, V.; Yu, K.

    2010-01-01

    This article depicts the state of Humanities in post-apartheid South Africa by examining HEMIS enrolment and graduation data from 1999 to 2007. It demonstrates that although the decline in student enrolment and graduation in Humanities has not been severe; read in the context of substantial growth of all other disciplines, Humanities is in a…

  13. 78 FR 56639 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... earlier version of Rule 1112.1 into the SIP on September 2, 1998 (63 FR 46659). ] C. What is the purpose... FR 13498 (April 16, 1992); 57 FR 18070 (April 28, 1992). 4. ``State Implementation Plans for...

  14. 76 FR 54384 - California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District; Withdrawal of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District... final rule. SUMMARY: On July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41717), EPA published a direct final approval of a revision... the parallel proposal also published on July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41745), or repropose an...

  15. Beyond Racism: Embracing an Interdependent Future. Brazil, South Africa, the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

    This set of four publications examines contemporary power relations between persons of European and African descent in Brazil, South Africa, and the United States. Using a comparative and multidisciplinary approach, these publications focus on three democracies with large multiracial and multiethnic populations. "Overview Report," which details…

  16. Influence of Leader Behaviors on Creativity: A Comparative Study between South Korea and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Seog Joo

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates what are the relationships between different leader behaviors (i.e. supportive, participative, and controlling leader behaviors) and follower creativity, and whether the relationships differ between South Korea and the United States. Although creativity research suggests that supportive leader behaviors tend to enhance…

  17. Comparison of Social Studies Education in the United States, China, and South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yali; Hoge, John D.; Choi, Jungsoon; Lee, Seung-Yun

    2007-01-01

    This article provides a brief picture of social studies education in the United States, China, and South Korea. It begins with a brief account of the K-12 curriculum structure and history of social studies education in each country in the 20th century. It then turns to a contemporary look at the social studies, the national curriculum standards…

  18. 76 FR 7810 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section I of the South Dakota and North Dakota State Technical Guides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ...The NRCS State Conservationists for South Dakota and North Dakota have determined that changes must be made to the NRCS State Technical Guides concerning State wetland mapping conventions. The two States are proposing to issue joint State wetland mapping conventions. The joint State wetland mapping conventions will be used as part of the technical documents to conduct wetland determinations on......

  19. Doença granulomatosa sistêmica em bovinos no estado de Santa Catarina associada ao pastoreio de ervilhaca peluda (Vicia villosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.E Mendes

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous intoxication in three dairy cows grazing pasture contaminated with Vicia villosa in two different farms was reported. Hyperthermia, skin alopecia and pruritus were the main clinical signs. Macroscopically, gray to white up to 5cm nodules were detected, especially in kidney and lymph nodes, which correspond to mild to severe multifocal granulomatous infiltrate. This is the first report of systemic granulomatous disease due to consumption of hairy vetch in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil.

  20. Core of the Family Health Strategy and of the Family Health Support in the rational use of drugs in Rio Fortuna, Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Tetsuo Omomo; Tiago Michels Bechtold

    2012-01-01

    Pharmaceutical attention has been the focus of major concern, especially regarding the correct use of medicine, self-medication, intoxication, drug interactions, and adverse effects, which are harmful to the population. This paper had as its general purpose to evaluate the rational use of medicine together with the population of family health teams from the municipality of Rio Fortuna, in Santa Catarina State. The specific purposes were: to inform people about the issue of using and abusing o...

  1. Meninas Catarinas: a vida perdida ao ser mãe Niñas de Santa Catarina: la vida perdida al ser madre Girls from Santa Catarina: losing your life to become a mother

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes de Souza

    2010-06-01

    atención de enfermería es fundamental, en acciones coordinadas con otros profesionales y diferentes segmentos organizados de la sociedad.The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR is an indicator that analyses the life conditions and care given to pregnant women, and indicates whether the constitutional rights related to life and health are being complied with. This study shows losses of lives among adolescent women associated with pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperal period, in the state of Santa Catarina between 1994 and 2005. It is an exploratory study of a quantitative nature. There were 72 maternal deaths in adolescents, 67% had a direct obstetric cause, 23% had an indirect obstetric cause and about 9% were classified as accidental or incidental. The Maternal Mortality Ratio in adolescents was high and most could have been prevented and its causes controlled. The identified situation shows an absence of quality health care. To reduce these deaths it is central that nursing action be combined with other professionals and other organized sectors of society.

  2. Espécies de Cladonia P. Browne (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycota dos Supergrupos Cocciferae, Crustaceae e Perviae em restingas e costões rochosos dos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina, Brasil Species of Cladonia P. Browne (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycota, of Supergroup Cocciferae, Crustaceae and Perviae, from restinga vegetation and rocky shores of Paraná and Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Luiz Gumboski

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pouco se conhece das espécies de Cladonia que ocorrem nos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina. Informações sobre a ocorrência de liquens em restingas são muito escassas e não há qualquer registro para costões rochosos. O objetivo do trabalho foi realizar um levantamento intensivo das espécies de Cladonia presentes em áreas de restingas e costões rochosos presentes nos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Foram encontradas nove espécies pertencentes aos Supergrupos Cocciferae, Crustaceae e Perviae, sendo que Cladonia squamosa é nova citação para o Paraná e C. palmicola para Santa Catarina. Todas as espécies encontradas ocorrem em restingas e sete delas também em costões rochosos. São apresentadas chave de identificação, descrições, comentários e ilustrações.Little is known about the species of Cladonia that occur in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil. Information about the occurrence of lichens in restinga (a type of coastal vegetation in Brazil is very scarce and there are no records from rocky shores. The main goal of the present work was to make an intensive survey of Cladonia species that grow in restinga and on the rocky shores of this region. Nine species belonging to Supergroups Cocciferae, Crustaceae and Perviae were found, and two of them were new records: Cladonia squamosa for Paraná and C. palmicola for Santa Catarina. All of the species recorded occur in restinga and seven of them are also found along rocky shores. An identification key, descriptions, comments and illustrations are provided.

  3. Geology and petrology of Lages Alkaline District, Santa Catarina State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 1:100.000 geological map shows the main outcrops, covering about 50 Km2, of the leucocratic alkaline rocks, ultra basic alkaline rocks, carbonatites and volcanic breccias which intruded the Gondwanic sedimentary rocks within a short time interval and characterize the Alkaline District of Lages. Chemical analyses of 33 whole-rock samples confirm the petrographic classification, but the agpaitic indexes, mostly below 1.0, do not reflect the mineralogical variations of the leucocratic alkaline rocks adequately. Partial REE analyses indicate that the light as well as the heavy rare earth contents decrease from the basic to the more evolved rocks, the La/Y ratio remaining approximately constant. Eleven new K/Ar ages from porphyritic nepheline syenites porphyritic phonolites, ultra basic alkaline rocks and pipe-breccias, together with six already available ages, show a major concentration in the range 65 to 75 Ma, with a mode at ca. 70 Ma. But one Rb/Sr whole-rock reference isochron diagram gives an age of 82+-6 Ma for the agpaitic phonolites of the Serra Chapada, which are considered younger than the miaskitic porphyriric nepheline syenites. The 87 Sr/86 Sr ratios of 0.705-0.706 are compatible with a sub continental mantelic origin, devoid of crustal contamination. A petrogenetic model based on subtraction diagrams and taking into consideration the geologic, petrographic, mineralogic and petrochemical characteristics of the alkaline rocks of Lages consists of limited partial melting with CO2, contribution of the previously metasomatized upper mantle, in a region submitted to decompression. (author)

  4. 75 FR 8297 - Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... Forest Service Huron-Manistee National Forests, Michigan, USA and State South Branch 1-8 Well AGENCY... an industry proposal to drill one exploratory natural gas well (the USA & State South Branch 1-8 (SB 1-8) well) on National Forest System lands. The EIS will also assess the impacts of...

  5. Biomedical Waste Treatment: A Case Study of some Selected Hospitals in Bayelsa State, South-South, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekieni R. Yelebe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The treatment and disposal of solid medical waste from hospitals in Nigeria has been of growing concern in recent times. This is due to the hazardous nature of these wastes and the potential threat to spread deadly diseases to humans and other living organisms. To characterise and quantify these wastes, a study was carried out to ascertain the generation of biomedical wastes from ten hospitals in Bayelsa State, South-South, Nigeria. The hospitals were categorised into Tertiary, Secondary and Primary health institutions, and grouped into Public and Private owned facility. The result revealed that all the hospitals involved disposed their generated waste into municipal waste dumpsites without any form of treatment, leading to unhealthy and hazardous environment around the health institutions, affecting patients and staffs and the well-being of the general public. The study also showed that about 4330 kg total waste was generated per month by all ten hospitals of which 69% and 31% were generated by Public and Private hospitals respectively. The Tertiary, Secondary and Primary hospitals generate 69%, 28% and 3% of the total waste respectively and the average biomedical waste generated per bed per day was 0.18 kg. The study was concluded with recommendations for improvements on biomedical wastes handling and treatment in order to render proper and adequate waste disposal system in health institutions of Nigeria.

  6. The reemergence of state-centred power sector reform: the case of South Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power sector in South Africa is dominated by the state-owned, vertically integrated utility, Eskom. An Energy Policy White Paper and subsequent Cabinet decisions laid out a path of managed liberalisation. However, government still experiences ambivalence and doubts around restructuring. The 'standard' model of power sector reform of the past decade - vertical and horizontal unbundling, wholesale and retail competition and privatisation - has, in effect, been abandoned by South Africa, and increasingly by many other developing countries. This does not mean that governments will accept inefficient utilities. There is a still a commitment to ensure improved performance by state-owned enterprises through appropriate governance and regulation. Capital constrained countries will also open up space for private investments - mostly within the framework of a 'hybrid market' where the state utility remains dominant. What remains to be seen is whether the investment mistakes of the past can be obviated and whether security of supply can be achieved at an acceptable price. (Author)

  7. 75 FR 71293 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of California; 2007 South Coast State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-22

    ...--04/08/02, 67 FR 16640. institutional, commercial boilers, steam generators, and process heaters. Rule..., commercial boilers, steam generators, and process heaters. Rule 1127--Livestock Waste Submitted to EPA on 10... . NAAQS and the South Coast PM . Nonattainment Area On July 18, 1997 (62 FR 36852), EPA established...

  8. Soil ants and bromeliad-nesting ants in an Atlantic Forest area, Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil: Species inventory and new records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina Steiner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The myrmecofauna in an Atlantic Forest area was studied using various methods for soil ants and bromeliad-nesting ants. Monthly collections were performed between March 2002 and August 2004, using a Winkler extractor, pitfall traps and bromeliad individuals. One hundred and twenty-four species from nine subfamilies and 33 genera were found. The richest genera were Pheidole, Solenopsis, Crematogaster, Acromyrmex and Camponotus. More species were found in soil than in bromeliads, with 8% occurring in both habitats. Twelve species are new records for Santa Catarina State and 19 are new for the greater Florianópolis region. These results correlate with the use of new methodologies for the region, showing that the ant fauna of Santa Catarina Island still needs to be better studied.

  9. Erosivity of rainfall in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Jefferson Schick

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The erosive capacity of rainfall can be expressed by an index and knowing it allows recommendation of soil management and conservation practices to reduce water erosion. The objective of this study was to calculate various indices of rainfall erosivity in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil, identify the best one, and discover its temporal distribution. The study was conducted at the Center of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, Lages, Santa Catarina, using daily rainfall charts from 1989 to 2012. Using the computer program Chuveros , 107 erosivity indices were obtained, which were based on maximum intensity in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 135, 150, 165, 180, 210, and 240 min of duration and on the combination of these intensities with the kinetic energy obtained by the equations of Brown & Foster, Wagner & Massambani, and Wischmeier & Smith. The indices of the time period from 1993 to 2012 were correlated with the respective soil losses from the standard plot of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE in order to select the erosivity index for the region. Erosive rainfall accounted for 83 % of the mean annual total volume of 1,533 mm. The erosivity index (R factor of rainfall recommended for Lages is the EI30, whose mean annual value is 5,033 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, and of this value, 66 % occurs from September to February. Mean annual erosivity has a return period estimated at two years with a 50 % probability of occurrence.

  10. Ascídias (Tunicata, Ascidiacea da Reserva Biológica Marinha do Arvoredo, Santa Catarina, Brasil Ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea from the Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana M. da Rocha

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A Reserva Biológica Marinha de Arvoredo compreende uma extensa área (17.800 ha, onde se elevam as ilhas do Arvoredo, Galé, Deserta e calhau de São Pedro. O levantamento de espécies de ascídias foi realizado por meio de mergulho autônomo m águas rasas (5-17 m de profundidade. Vinte e seis espécies são aqui registradas, entre as quais Lissoclinum perforatum (Giard, 1872, L. verrilli (Van Name, 1902 e Leptoclinides latus Monniot, 1983 representam novos registros para o Brasil, e outras 19 espécies representam novos registros para o Estado de Santa Catarina. Com este resultado, 34 espécies de ascídias já foram registradas em Santa Catarina, das quais 22 são marcadamente tropicais. Este cenário não representa a diversidade total da Reserva, uma vez que três espécies novas serão descritas em outra publicação e os locais mais expostos e profundos das ilhas não foram amostrados.The Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve covers an extensive area including the islands Arvoredo, Galés and Deserta and a small rocky outcrop called São Pedro. The survey of ascidians was accomplished with scuba dive, only in shallow water (5-17 m deep. Twenty-six species are here registered, among which Lissoclinum perforatum (Giard, 1872, L. verrilli (Van Name, 1902 and Leptoclinides latus Monniot, 1983 represent new reports to Brazil, and other 19 species represent new reports to the State of Santa Catarina. Together with the results of the present work, 34 ascidian species have already been reported from Santa Catarina, of the which 22 are remarkably tropical. This scenery doesn't represent the total diversity of the Reserve, since three new species will be described in another publication and the most exposed and deep places of the islands were not sampled.

  11. The State and Water Resources Development through the Lens of History: A South African Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry A. Swatuk

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article sets contemporary challenges to good water governance in South Africa within an important historical context. While it is correct to say that 'the world water crisis is a crisis of governance', it is problematic to assume that all states can follow a similar path toward environmentally sustainable, economically efficient and socially equitable water resources governance and management. The nexus of decision-making power varies within and beyond states, and over time. Gramsci (1971 describes this as the "constellation of social forces". Where this constellation of social forces achieves consensus, a 'historic bloc' is said to emerge giving rise to a particular state form. The South African state form has varied greatly over several centuries, giving rise to various historic blocs. The resulting body of laws and policies and the varied forms of infrastructure that were developed to harness water for multiple social practices over time constitute a complex political ecological terrain not easily amenable to oversimplified frameworks for good water governance. This article outlines the role of water in the history of South Africa’s multiple state forms. It shows that over time, water policy, law and institutions came to reflect the increasingly complex needs of multiple actors (agriculture, mining, industry, cities, the newly enfranchised represented by different state forms and their characteristic political regimes: the Dutch East India Company; the British Empire; the Union of South Africa; the apartheid and post-apartheid republics. Authoritarian, semi-authoritarian and democratic state forms have all used central-state power to serve particular interests. Through time, this constellation of social forces has widened until, today, the state has taken upon itself the task of providing "some water for all forever" (slogan of the Department of Water Affairs. As this article suggests, despite the difficult challenges presented by a

  12. Vestibular seriado: análise de uma experiência em Santa Catarina College entrance exams in series: analysis of an experiment in Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Silveira Schlichting

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O Sistema de Avaliação do Ensino Médio (SAEM, instaurado pela Associação Catarinense das Fundações Educacionais (ACAFE, tem como um de seus objetivos disponibilizar uma proposta alternativa para selecionar candidatos à universidade. Por meio deste artigo, que sintetiza e analisa parte de uma pesquisa da qual resultou uma dissertação de mestrado, procuraremos contribuir para que esta experiência desencadeada em Santa Catarina seja incorporada à agenda de discussões que atualmente cercam o acesso ao ensino superior no Brasil, fazendo uma interface com o debate no contexto da Psicologia Social e da Orientação Profissional (OP. Para tanto, partimos de uma contextualização do SAEM, abordando brevemente sua gênese e seus congêneres para, em seguida, visualizá-lo como: fonte de informação; pré-vestibular; ritual de passagem e/ou barreira ritualizada; meio ou não de escolha profissional; estratégia de seletividade social e escolar e meio de democratização do ensino. À guisa de conclusão, levantamos alguns questionamentos e apontamos algumas saídas no contexto do tema intervenções na educação, onde o vestibular seriado pode ser visto como uma estratégia de que dispõe o ensino público, para melhor instrumentalizar os alunos com vistas à sua inserção em diversas instâncias da vida social.One of the objectives of the High School Evaluation System (SAEM established by the Santa Catarina Association of Educational Foundations (ACAFE is to present an alternative proposal to select college students. This article, which synthesizes and analyzes part of a study that resulted in a Masters dissertation, seeks to make this experiment undertaken in Santa Catarina State a contribution to current discussions about access to higher education in Brazil. The paper analyzes the debate in the context of Social Psychology and Professional Guidance. To do so, it places SAEM in context, briefly considering its genesis and its congeners

  13. El museólogo como profesional de la información en Santa Catarina, Brasil The museologist as an information professional in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Hermes José Graipel Junior

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propuso identificar el perfil del profesional actuante en museos del estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. La investigación realizada es cuantitativa y cualitativa. Utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido de Bardin (2004. El instrumento de recopilación de datos fue el cuestionario. Fue hecho un levantamiento del perfil del profesional, del museo al cual está vinculado, su formación académica, las actividades consideradas más importantes, y su necesidad de educación continua. El museólogo es un profesional predominantemente del sexo femenino, con más de cuarenta años, con más de diez años en la profesión, que trabaja en su mayoría en instituciones públicas, vinculadas a las municipalidades o a las instituciones de enseñanza superior. Desarrolla actividades tradicionales, pero tiene conocimiento de las transformaciones ocurridas en las últimas décadas y trata de actualizarse a través de cursos de corta duración. La formación de estos profesionales es principalmente en Ciencias Humanas.The objective of this quantitative study is to identify the profile of the professional curators that work in the state of Santa Catarina's museums, in Brazil. Bardin's (2004 technique of content analysis was utilized throughout the study. Data collection was done by means of a questionnaire. A survey was made of the professional's profile, including the museum institute where the attendant is employed, their formal education, activities that they considered most important and the necessity of continuing education. This is a profession that is composed of predominantly females over the age of forty, with more than ten years working in the profession, the majority working in public institutions associated with city governments or institutions of higher education. Survey subjects typically develop traditional activities but have knowledge of transformations that have occurred in the recent decades and seek to bring themselves up

  14. Prevalência de traumatismo dentário e fatores associados em escolares do município de Palhoça (SC Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and associated factors in schoolchildren of Palhoça, Santa Catarina State

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    Jefferson Traebert

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O aumento dos níveis de violência, do número de acidentes de trânsito e uma maior participação das crianças em atividades esportivas contribuem para transformar o traumatismo dental em um problema de saúde pública emergente. Todavia, ainda há carência de dados que mostrem o comportamento deste agravo no Brasil. O objetivo desse estudo foi conhecer a prevalência de traumatismo na dentição permanente e fatores associados em escolares de doze anos de idade de Palhoça (SC. Foi realizado um estudo transversal envolvendo uma amostra representativa dos escolares (n=405. Os critérios de classificação do traumatismo foram os mesmos usados no levantamento nacional do Reino Unido. Testou-se associação entre a prevalência e fatores clínicos e socioeconômicos por intermédio do qui-quadrado. A prevalência encontrada foi de 22,5%, sendo estatisticamente maior no sexo masculino. A maioria dos danos traumáticos foram de pequena magnitude, mas encontrou-se alta necessidade de tratamento entre os dentes passíveis de tratamento imediato. Pode-se concluir que foram altas a prevalência e a necessidade de tratamento do traumatismo dentário em Palhoça. A prevalência não mostrou associação com fatores socioeconômicos ou clínicos.The increase in the levels of violence, the number of traffic accidents and a greater participation of children in sports activities can transform traumatic dental injuries in an emerging public health problem. However, there is still a lack of data showing the behavior of this oral health event in Brazil. The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in the permanent teeth and its associated factors in 12 year-old schoolchildren in Palhoça, Santa Catarina State. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a representative sample of schoolchildren (n = 405. The traumatic dental injuries criteria of classification were the same used in the national survey of the United

  15. MANGROVE OCUPATTION AND ITS RELATION WITH HEALTH CHARACTERISTIC’S OF THE VILA CUBATÃO DISCTRICT INHABITANTS, IN JOINVILLE CITY, SANTA CATARINA STATE = RELAÇÃO DA OCUPAÇÃO DO MANGUEZAL COM ASPECTOS DE SAÚDE DA POPULAÇÃO DO BAIRRO VILA CUBATÃO, JOINVILLE, SC

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    Glaucia Baccaro Bertoli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study it had as objective the characterization of the mangrove ecosystem occupation and their relation to the prevalent diseases in the inhabitants registered at the Family Medical Unit (FMU in Joinville City, Santa Catarina State. This area is located within the Atlantic Forest biome. It is one of the latest mangrove continuous areas extant in the South’ country. The data regarding to the anthropic activities, as well as the health data of the inhabitants were obtained through the analyses of these families records at the FMU. The micro areas are classified in 1- combined; 3 and 5- rural; 4- urban; 6- irregular occupation. The five micro areas hold the same genders’ proportion, as well as the same frequency level of diseases and symptoms which appears. The main reasons which have made local dwellers seek medical assistance at the FMU: first concerning to the respiratory system; second, the digestive system; the Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDS; the reproductive system and the bone-muscle system. Regarding to the diseases related to sewage (digestive system and skin, the rural and irregular occupation areas show the highest rates but without statistically significant difference. = Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar a ocupação da área compreendida pelo ecossistema de manguezal e sua relação com as doenças da população cadastrada no Posto de Saúde da Família (PSF, no município de Joinville, SC. Esta área está localizada no bioma Mata Atlântica, sendo uma das últimas áreas contínuas de manguezal do sul do país. Os dados das atividades antrópicas, assim como os dados de saúde da população foram obtidos através de visitações e registros fotográficos do local e análise dos prontuários das famílias cadastradas no PSF. As microáreas são classificadas em área 1 – mista; área 3 e 5 – rural; área 4 – urbana; área 6 – invasão. As cinco microáreas possuem as mesmas proporções de gênero, bem

  16. Mudanças climáticas e a produçãode uva no vale do Rio do Peixe-SC Climate changes and grape production in Vale do Rio do Peixe, in the state of Santa Catarina

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    Álvaro José Back

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas as tendências nas séries climáticas e nos índices agroclimáticos para a cultura da videira no Vale do Rio do Peixe-SC. Foram utilizados os dados diários da Estação Meteorológica de Videira do período de 1971 a 2010. As tendências nas séries foram avaliadas pelo teste de Mann-Kendall, e para estimar a magnitude da tendência utilizou-se a declividade mediana, determinada pelo teste de Theil - Sen. Os resultados mostraram tendência de aumento nas séries de temperatura mínima do ar, em escala anual, bem como nas estações do ano. Para a temperatura máxima do ar, houve tendência significativa de aumento na série de temperatura máxima anual e na temperatura máxima no verão e inverno. Também foi observado aumento da frequência de dias quentes e noites quentes. Com relação aos índices agrometeorológicos, foi observada tendência significativa de diminuição do número de geadas, antecipação das datas de brotação, florescimento e colheita, aumento significativo na soma térmica, no índice de Huglin e no índice de frio. Com relação à precipitação, houve tendência significativa de aumento da precipitação total anual e da precipitação no período de crescimento da cultura da videira e do número de dias com chuva igual ou superior a 20 mm.Trends in climate series and agro-climatic indices were evaluated for growing vines in Vale do Rio do Peixe, in the state of Santa Catarina. Daily data of the Meteorological Station of Videira for the period from 1971 to 2010 were used. The trend in the series was analyzed with the Mann-Kendall test and to estimate the magnitude of the trend it was used the median slope determined by the Theil - Sen estimator. The results showed an increasing trend in series of minimum air temperature at the annual scale and also in the seasons of the year. The maximum air temperature presented a significant trend of increase in the series of annual maximum temperature and in

  17. Conhecimento popular e utilização dos medicamentos genéricos na população do município de Tubarão, SC General awareness and use of generic medication among citizens of Tubarão, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Carine Raquel Blatt

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Embora os genéricos tenham sido introduzidos no país para oferecer alternativa mais acessível aos medicamentos de referência, representam apenas 14% das vendas em unidades no conjunto do mercado farmacêutico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar o nível de conhecimento e o grau de utilização de genéricos em residentes do município de Tubarão, SC. Para isso, realizou-se um estudo transversal com uma amostra de 234 entrevistados, estratificada por bairro. Quanto ao grau de utilização, a maioria dos entrevistados já havia utilizado genéricos, e metade possuía pelo menos um exemplar dessa opção em casa. Para verificar o conhecimento sobre os diferentes tipos de medicamentos, realizou-se um teste de identificação de figuras de embalagens representativas das versões genérico, de referência e similar do paracetamol e do atenolol, 91,0% dos sujeitos identificaram corretamente todas as figuras. Ser de classe econômica mais elevada, já ter utilizado medicamento genérico, acreditar que o genérico tem o mesmo efeito que o medicamento de referência, encontrar medicamentos genéricos nas farmácias com facilidade e costumar comprar o genérico foram fatores associados positivamente com a identificação correta.Although generic medication has been introduced in the country to offer an accessible alternative to brand-name medication, it represents only 14% of sales in number of units within the pharmaceutical market. The aim of this work was to research the level of awareness and the use of generic products among residents of the municipality of Tubarão, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A transversal study was carried out with a sample of 234 interviewees, distributed among municipal areas. With regard to use, the majority of those interviewed had used generic medication, and half of them had at least one such product in their home. To verify awareness of different types of medication, pictures with the generic, brand name and

  18. Incidental catch of marine turtles by the artisanal fisheries on Santa Catarina Island, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Hanazaki

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The five species of sea turtles, which inhabit the Brazilian shore, have a wordwide distribution and are threatened with extinction. The south of Brazil is characterized as a feeding and breeding area of at least three of these species. The presence of turtles close to the shore and their incidental catch are occurrences reported by artisan fishermen of the Island of Santa Catarina in this work. The study was based on a questionnaire, applied to fishermen and fishfarmers at selected spots on the island. Scientific and popular names were matched using illustrations. The spots with the highest number of events and captures were close to the islands, rocky coasts and stony grounds, i.e. areas related with the foraging habits of the most abundant species, Chelonia mydas. The place, depth and size of the net are characteristics, which influence the capture. The time the net remains in the water is a factor which is fundamental to the survival of the captured turtles. The flesh of the turtle is used as an occasional feeding resource. Capacitation programs and training applied to the communities involved are recommended.

  19. Use of Traditional Weather/Climate Knowledge by Farmers in the South-Western Free State of South Africa: Agrometeorological Learning by Scientists

    OpenAIRE

    Gugulethu Zuma-Netshiukhwi; Kees Stigter; Sue Walker

    2013-01-01

    The variety of natural indicators, associated with weather forecasting and climate prediction, as used by farmers in the South-Western Free State province of South Africa, is described. Most farmers in this area were not familiar with the application of weather forecasts/climate predictions for agricultural production, or with other science-based agrometeorological products. They relied almost fully on their experience and traditional knowledge for farming decision making. The indicators for ...

  20. Inactive dumps in Santa Catarina's carboniferous area: analysis of risks to the public health and the environment.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Possamai, Fernando Pagani [Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, Criciuma (Brazil)

    2007-07-01

    The existence of inactive dumps considerably increases the so-called 'environmental liability'; so much so that the final destination of urban solid residues takes a prominent place on the list of environmental issues of societies. In the state of Santa Catarina, it can be said that, currently, the real conditions of the 'final destination deposits', or simply the inactive dumps, is officially unknown. This is maybe most evident in the carboniferous area of the state that already suffers from the environmental impact of coal mining. This study attempts to make a survey of the inactive dumps in the carboniferous area of Santa Catarina, analysing the risks they represent to public health and to the environment. The results gathered show that, of the eleven municipal districts in the carboniferous area, nine have inactive dumps. In these nine districts, there are eleven inactive dumps that, according to the this evaluation, represent a large risk to public health and the environment when the parameters analysed are taken into account. 21 refs.

  1. Childhood eye care services in South Darfur State of Sudan: Learner and parent perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Saif H. Alrasheed; Naidoo, Kovin S; Peter C. Clarke-Farr

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Most causes of childhood visual impairment are either treatable or preventable. Eye health education plays an important role in reducing avoidable causes of visual impairment as well as to help ensure a healthy and educated community. The main objective of this study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of the students and their parents on childhood eye services and barriers for accessing child eye care.Methods: The study was conducted in South Darfur State of Sudan b...

  2. Economic Implications of Food Demand in Akoko South West, Ondo State, Nigeria: Aids Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Adebisi Temitope Edun; Adamu Haruna

    2013-01-01

    The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of food consuming households, estimated the complete demand functions for some selected common food commodities, their prices and expenditure elasticities in Akoko South West (ASW) local government in Ondo state, Nigeria. The study examined demand analysis for food in ASW, using primary data with the use of questionnaire on some selected food-consuming households within the study area. Data collected were subjected to descriptive statisti...

  3. Noise and Performance: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    OpenAIRE

    Goran Belojevic

    2013-01-01

    Researches on noise and performance in central and Eastern Europe and South-East Europe countries and Newly Independent States have been performed in last 40 years in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics, Russia, Serbia and Yugoslavia, mainly at universities in the capitals. In laboratory studies the effects of noise have been studied on vigilance, visual performance, attention, information ...

  4. Attitudes toward suicide among college students in South Korea and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Kristen; Park, Jong-Ik

    2014-01-01

    Background South Korea (hereafter, Korea) has witnessed a rapid increase in its suicide rate over the past few decades and currently reports the highest rate among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Conversely, the United States has maintained its suicide rate near the OECD average. The present study examines and compares attitudes toward suicide among college students in either country to explain the higher prevalence of suicide in Korea. Findings Non-Kor...

  5. Child Consumption Poverty in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Menchini; Gerry Redmond

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines poverty in recent years among children in the countries of South Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. The indicator used to measure poverty is found to be robust to sensitivity testing, and to correlate well with non-income indicators of well-being among children. The absolute poverty rate among children is highest where national income is lowest, and where the density of children in the population is highest. The paper analyses two dimensions of chil...

  6. Psychological skills, state anxiety and coping of South African rugby players : a cognitive perspective / Pieter Kruger

    OpenAIRE

    Kruger, Pieter

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: The main objective of the research in this thesis was to investigate the psychological skills, state anxiety and coping of senior rugby players in South Africa. Methodology: The first manuscript (Chapter 2) was a literature review that investigated whether the coping model suggested by Moos and Shaefer (1993) could be applied to investigate the interaction between various psychological factors involved in the coping process, within a sports context. The model was ev...

  7. Music in the indigenous societies of lowland South America: the state of the art

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael José de Menezes Bastos; David Allan Rodgers

    2007-01-01

    The last thirty years have seen a remarkable growth in the ethnomusicology of the South American lowlands. The region has emerged from relative obscurity - a state in which it languished for decades, despite possessing some of the world's oldest descriptions of 'primitive' music - through the publication of a wide variety of texts on the musical production of its indigenous peoples, along with various attempts at regional and sub-regional comparison. This ethnomusicological output - much of i...

  8. 'Human rights' or 'property'? State, society, and the landless in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    James, Deborah

    2002-01-01

    This paper explores the interlocking – but sometimes contradictory - efforts of NGOs and the state to safeguard the rights of those who have no land. "The landless" in South Africa, categorised along with "the poor and the dispossessed" by those who advocate their cause in the NGO sector, have come to occupy a contested position. As government policy has come increasingly to favour those who are structurally counterposed to “the landless” - the better-off who are potential commercial farmers ...

  9. Determination of optimum tapping date for gum arabic production South Kordofan State, Sudan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Idris Musa Adam; Kamal E.M. Fadl

    2011-01-01

    Acacia senegal,the gum arabic producing tree,is the most important tree species for the livelihood of the people in South Kordofan State,Sudan.The objective of this study was to determine the optimum tapping date for gum arabic production in the study area.A randomized complete block design experiment with three replications was conducted at (Meari) area for two continuous growing seasons 2008/2009 -2009/2010.The treatments comprised six tapping dates (1 Oct,15 Oct,1Nov,15 Nov,1 Dec,and 15 Dec).Results showed highly significant differences (p < 0.001) in gum arabic yield (g\\tree) in all pickings and in the total gum yield between the tapping dates.The results also showed that tapping of trees on 15 October and 1 November gave a higher yield compared to the other dates.The highest gum yield of 1086.6 and 661.2g/tree was recorded on 15 October and 15 November,while the lowest gum yield of 297.9 g/tree was recorded when the trees were tapped on 1 October.The two highest-yield dates of tapping (15 Oct and 1 Nov) are recommended as the best time for tapping for gum arabic production in South Kordofan State.These results can be used to increase gum arabic production and farmer income in South Kordofan State.

  10. The State of Information Systems in Australian Universities – South Australia Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Koronios

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the status of Information Systems (IS at the University of South Australia (UniSA. On a broad scale this study is part of a larger Case Study regarding the state of the IS Academic Discipline in Australasian Universities but, in view of the face that Information Systems degrees are offered only at one university within the State, the South Australia study, by definition, becomes a study of that university. The paper clarifies the role of IS within UniSA, with particular reference to the degree of professionalism and the impact of local contingencies on IS teaching and research. Data were gathered by means of qualitative surveys with present and former academics of the institution, as well as via statistical information. The results suggest that the State of South Australia’s IS offerings were heavily influenced during the 1990s by the soft systems and critical systems approaches to the discipline, a situation which began to change at the turn of the century; and that the curriculum is depends more heavily on industrial than political factors.

  11. Pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos nos Estados da Região Centro-Sul do Brasil - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.9924 Water footprint of pigs slaughtered in the states of south-central Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.9924

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Pascale Palhares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi calcular a pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos no Brasil em 2008 em cada um dos Estados da Região Centro-Sul do país. O cálculo da pegada considerou a água consumida na produção de grãos (milho e soja, água de dessedentação e água utilizada na limpeza das instalações. O Estado que apresentou a maior pegada hídrica foi o Rio Grande do Sul (2,702 km3, seguido de Santa Catarina (2,401 km3 e Paraná (1,089 km3. Os Estados com as menores pegadas foram Rio de Janeiro (0,00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0,0354 km3 e Espírito Santo (0,0719 km3. Os Estados com baixas produtividades para as culturas de milho e soja apresentaram pegadas hídricas maiores. O cálculo da pegada demonstrou que a gestão hídrica da cadeia produtiva de suínos não pode abordar somente a unidade produtiva, devendo inserir as cadeias agrícolas que se relacionam com ela.The aim of this study was to calculate the water footprint of pigs slaughtered in 2008 in each state of south-central Brazil. The calculation of water footprint considered water consumed in grain production (corn and soybean, drinking water and washing water. Rio Grande do Sul was the state with the largest water footprint (2.702 km3, followed by Santa Catarina (2.401 km3 and Parana (1.089 km3. States with the smallest footprints were Rio de Janeiro (0.00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0.0354 km3, and Espírito Santo (0.0719 km3. States with low yields of corn and soybeans had higher water footprint. Calculations show that water management in swine production cannot address only the farm; it should include related agricultural supply chains.

  12. Commercial statistical bulletin of the Brazilian electric utility Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Statistical data concerning the Brazilian Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A. utility relative to April 1996 are presented. They include, among other things, electricity consumption, number and class of consumers and electricity rates

  13. Media visibility on the formation of female celebrity: Catarina, a virgin for auction

    OpenAIRE

    Lígia Campos de Cerqueira Lana

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the role of media visibility in the rise of CatherineMigliorini’s celebrity, famous after putting her virginity up for auction oninternet. The history of the case and its main events, texts written by experts, images and statements of Catarina are investigated from the perspective of women’s visibility transformations. Although media critique, the celebrity Catarina displayed expected abilities of women in media visibility, as the possession of a sexy, young and assertiv...

  14. HISTÓRICO DA PROPOSTA CURRICULAR DE SANTA CATARINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonete Benedet Fernandes Coan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto faz parte da dissertação de mestrado em andamento que tem como objetivo principal analisar os textos sobre alfabetização com letramento contidos na Proposta Curricular de Santa Catarina, no sentido de identificar conceitos e encaminhamentos efetuados pelo Estado catarinense aos professores da rede estadual de ensino por meio dessa política pública. A pesquisa orienta-se na concepção histórico-crítica e adota como método a análise documental e a pesquisa bibliográfica com revisão de literatura sobre as categorias pesquisadas. As respostas ao problema de pesquisa identificaram, precariedade na formação de professores; complexidade dos textos que compõem a Proposta e influência do sistema neoliberal sobre as políticas públicas educacionais brasileiras como fatores que concorrem para a permanência de índices de analfabetismo, repetência e evasão escolar no Estado de Santa Catarina. A elaboração do componente curricular catarinense teve início no final dos anos 1980 e a última atualização foi editada em 2005. Neste artigo, escreve-se o processo de construção dessa Proposta a partir do Plano de Ação 88/91 até os Cadernos Temáticos publicados em 2005.

  15. Transformation of the South Korean State: Structural Changes of the State after the 1997 Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bum-Soo Chon; Erick Duchesne; Sunhyuk Kim

    2004-01-01

    The entire process of Korean economic development in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s demonstrated the possibility of economic development in the third world. The 1997 financial crisis led many to affirm that the Korean state had lost its ability to deal with domestic economic and welfare policies. Using Cerny's three "shifts" in the character and nature of the welfare state, this paper examines changes in the Korean state after the economic crisis and assess whether globalization and neo-liberal ...

  16. Estimation of 210Po in Cauvery river and ground water from south interior Karnataka state, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study is carried out for the estimation of 210Po concentration in Cauvery River and Ground water from south interior Karnataka State region. 210Po is generated from Uranium decay series and is highly toxic element. The water samples were collected from Cauvery river belt of south interior Karnataka. These samples were processed using radiochemical analysis. As per WHO standards 210Po concentration in drinking water should not exceed 100 mBql-1. The concentration of 210Po ranges from 0.36 mBql-1 to 3.97 mBql-1 in river water samples and has a mean value of 1.98 mBql-1. In ground water samples the 210Po concentration ranges from 1.89 mBql-1 to 4.87 mBql-1 and mean value is 3.22 mBql-1. (author)

  17. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of the seabirds in Santa Catarina's coastal islands, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies involving the reproduction of seabirds in the Santa Catarina coast are scarce. From 1996 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of identifying the ranches, the species and to study some aspects of their reproductive cycle. Five species: Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783; Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914; Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823; Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831; S. eurygnatha Sauders, 1876, breed in the islands of Santa Catarina, with the largest intensity in the period of May to December. The size of the colonies varied in function of the species and of the reproduction area.

  18. Comparative studies on the administrative convergence revealed by national strategies of administrative reform in some South-Eastern European states

    OpenAIRE

    Lucica MATEI; Matei, Ani; Zanovschi, Diana; Stoian, Oana

    2010-01-01

    The paper has as main topic the administrative convergence and its reflection in the national strategies of administrative reform in some states in South Eastern Europe. Having a complex content, sometimes even ambigous, the administrative convergence will have as finality the integration in the European Administrative Space and the administrative reforms as support. From this prospect, the South-Eastern Europe has a certain specificity emphasised by: different positions of the states under d...

  19. North-South Trade-related Technology Diffusion, Brain Drain and Productivity Growth: Are Small States Different?

    OpenAIRE

    Schiff, Maurice; Wang, Yanling

    2009-01-01

    The economies of small developing states tend to be more fragile than those of large ones. This paper examines this issue in a dynamic context by focusing on the impact of the brain drain on North-South trade-related technology diffusion and total factor productivity growth in small and large states in the South. There are three main findings. First, productivity growth increases with Nort...

  20. A estruturação da rede de empresas processadoras de aves no Estado de Santa Catarina: governança contratual e dependência de recursos Structuring of the dynamic power resources of poultry farming and processing companies in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Nakazato Pinotti

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a formação distribuição de recursos dinâmicos de poder das empresas processadoras avícolas do estado de Santa Catarina. O desenvolvimento do sistema de contratos de integração na avicultura catarinense teve influencia de diversos fatores: características históricas (experiência com a suinocultura, regional (proximidade com a cultura da soja, participação política, ações individuais e coletivas (associações dos atores, recursos dinâmicos de poder (constitucionais, tecnológicos, financeiros, políticos, organizacionais e jurídicos. Nesse contexto, foi possível concluir a avicultura sulista teve trajetória de dependência (path dependence bem distinta, o que conduziu à estruturação do sistema de contratos de forma mais eficiente do quem outras regiões do país.This article discusses the formation and distribution of dynamic power resources in the poultry processing companies of the state Santa Catarina, Brazil. The development of the integration contract system in Santa Catarina's poultry processing industry was influenced by various factors: historical characteristics (experience with pig breeding, regional characteristics (proximity to soybean farming, political participation, individual and collective actions of the actors (associations, and dynamic power resources (constitutional, technological, financial, legal, political and organizational. In this context, it was concluded that the poultry farming and processing industry in the state of Santa Catarina followed a very distinct path of dependence, which led to the structuring of a more efficient contract system than that of other regions in the country.

  1. Understanding the origins and prevalence of AIDS conspiracy beliefs in the United States and South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nattrass, Nicoli

    2013-01-01

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) originated from cross-species transmission of the simian immunodeficiency virus from primates to humans. Yet a significant minority of people in the United States (US) and South Africa believe that HIV was deliberately created by scientists as a bioweapon. Scholars in the humanities emphasise the historical context, socially situated character and psycho-social dimensions of such aetiological narratives. This is important, but so is the role of individual agents participating in the cultic milieu in which oppositional ideas such as HIV conspiracy theories are borrowed across national, ideological and political divides. This article discusses the origins of the legend of 'HIV as bioweapon' and summarises the available evidence on the prevalence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) conspiracy beliefs in the US and South Africa. This is followed by a discussion of the history of biowarfare and racial oppression which renders the legend (and its local South African variants) believable for many people. The article then moves beyond socio-historical analysis to argue that analytical space needs to be created to critique the political leaders who promoted AIDS conspiracy beliefs. PMID:22533636

  2. Diverse Molecular Genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolates Circulating in the Free State, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Spoel van Dijk, Anneke; Makhoahle, Pakiso M; Rigouts, Leen; Baba, Kamaldeen

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis is a serious public health concern especially in Africa and Asia. Studies describing strain diversity are lacking in the Free State region of South Africa. The aim of the study was to describe the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) strain families in the Free State province of South Africa. A total of 86 M. tuberculosis isolates were genotyped using spoligotyping. A 12-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable-number tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTRs) typing was used to further characterize the resulting spoligotyping clusters. SITVITWEB identified 49 different patterns with allocation to six lineages including Latin-American-Mediterranean (LAM) (18 isolates), T (14 isolates), Beijing (five isolates), S (six isolates), Haarlem (one isolate), and X (five isolates), while 37 (43.0%) orphans were identified. Eight clusters included 37 isolates with identical spoligotypes (2 to 13/cluster). MIRU-VNTR typing further differentiated three spoligotyping clusters: SIT1/Beijing/MIT17, SIT33/LAM3/MIT213, and confirmed one SIT34/S/MIT311. In addition, SpolDB3/RIM assignment of the orphan strains resulted in a further 10 LAM and 13 T families. In total, LAM (28 isolates) and T (27 isolates) cause 63% of the individual cases of MTB in our study. The Free State has a highly diverse TB population with LAM being predominant. Further studies with inclusion of multidrug-resistant strains with larger sample size are warranted. PMID:27073397

  3. Geotectonic aspects of the proterozoic triple junction in the center-south part of Goias state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of this paper is to made up, in a regional synthesis the tectonical framework of intracontinental proterozoic rifts, from the point of view of an evolutive model through plate tectonic mechanism. based upon lithoenvironment and geotectonics. In this context, this analysis take into account the tectonical interpretation and typification of Canastra, Cuiaba, Estrondo and Tocantins Groups. Structurally these geological entities are found to be settled in rifts of triple junction, in the center-south part of Goias State, individualized among the Oriental Plate (Sao Francisco Craton and Goias Central Massif) Occidental Plate (Amazonic Craton) and Meridional Plate (Paramirim Craton and Parana Block). (author)

  4. Alternativas de propagação na produção de óleo essencial de Mentha canadensis L. no Litoral Norte Catarinense Propagation alternatives for the production of Mentha canadensis L. essential oil at the Santa Catarina State northern coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M.C.S. Santos

    2012-01-01

    , diminui o custo de produção.The genus Mentha is cultivated worldwide for essential oil production, with emphasis on its major constituent, menthol, which is used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries and for personal care. This work investigates the use of different propagation structures and harvesting times of Mentha canadensis L., in the Santa Catarina State north coast. The experimental design was in randomized blocks in a 4X2 factorial, comparing four propagation structures (stolon with 10, 15 and 20 cm and stem cuttings with 5 cm and two harvesting times (95 days after planting and 60 days after the regrowth. In each harvesting time, the vegetative growth, essential oil and menthol productivities were evaluated. The first harvest showed greater leaf, branch and total dry mass accumulation, and essential oil and menthol productivities when stem cuttings were used. In the second harvest, no differences were observed for all evaluated variables. The first harvest resulted in higher averages than the second harvest, with exception in all variables for the use of stolon with 10 cm and in stem dry mass for stolon with 20 cm. The major constituents of the essential oil were menthol, menthone, neomenthol. The levels of menthol were significantly higher in the second harvest and of menthone in the first harvest, while neomenthol showed no significant difference. The results suggest that early harvest of the regrowth results in great menthol concentrations in the essential oil. The use of stolons as a propagation structure can be considered a viable alternative for mint, as it provides similar levels of essential oil and menthol productions after the second harvest, when compared to stem cuttings and also reduces the production cost.

  5. Validação dos sistemas de alerta Machardy e Colpam 40® para previsão da requeima do tomateiro em Caçador, SC Validation of the warning systems MacHardy and Colpam 40® to forecast late blight in tomato from Caçador municipality, Santa Catarina state (SC Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Ferreira Becker

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram validados dois sistemas de alerta na requeima do tomateiro, no município de Caçador-SC em dois ciclos de cultivo. No primeiro ciclo, os métodos de MacHardy modificado e Colpam 40®, este com valor de severidade acumulado da doença (VS igual a 10, como alerta para a pulverização de fungicidas de contato e comparados ao sistema convencional de calendário no híbrido Carmen e na cultivar Santa Clara. Em relação ao convencional, a indicação de pulverizações pelos sistemas de alerta permitiu uma redução na aplicação de fungicidas de 33,3% e 48,1%, pelos métodos de MacHardy modificado e Colpam 40®, respectivamente. A produtividade foi maior no híbrido Carmen do que na cv. S. Clara, mas em cada um destes materiais não houve diferença entre os sistemas de alerta e o convencional. Na cv. Carmen não houve diferença no controle da requeima na comparação do sistema convencional com o Colpam 40®. No segundo ciclo, usou-se o híbrido Carmen e os sistemas de alerta McHardy e Colpam 40 ® este com VS igual a 8 e 10 comparando-os ao sistema convencional. Não houve diferença na produtividade entre os tratamentos. Em relação ao número de pulverizações houve redução de 42,8% e 60,7% para VS igual a 8 e 10, respectivamente, com o sistema de alerta do Colpam 40® e de 39,2% com o de McHardy. Na avaliação da requeima, não houve diferença entre os tratamentos, exceto para o maior VS de alerta monitorado segundo o Colpam 40® cuja intensidade da doença foi maior. Este trabalho demonstrou que o uso destes dois sistemas de alerta da requeima, MacHardy e Colpam 40, poderiam ser ferramentas úteis para os produtores de tomate na tomada de decisão da pulverização em tomate na região de Caçador, SC.Two warning systems for late blight in tomato were evaluated in two growing seasons in Caçador Municipality, Santa Catarina State (SC, Brazil. In the first growing season, as warming for fungicide spraying in late blight control

  6. Parasite-host interaction between ectoparasites (Ixodida & Siphonaptera) and common opossum Didelphisaurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia), on the mainland and on Santa Catarina coastal islands, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício E. Graipel; Raimundo Carvalho; Carlos Carvalho-Pinto; Salvador, Carlos H.; Paulo C. Simões-Lopes

    2007-01-01

    This is the first study about the ecological interaction between the ectoparasites and marsupials of the Didelphis genus and the second one about mammals in Santa Catarina State. Three insular populations and a mainland population were sampled. The fleas Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis and the mites Amblyomma cajennense, A. aureolatum and Ixodes loricatus were new records for this state. Leptopsylla segnis is also a new record for Didelphis. The numbers of ectoparasite species were ...

  7. A Survey Study of Institutional Review Board Thought Processes in the United States and South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-Kyung Jung

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In the last several decades, South Korea has rapidly adopted Western customs and practices. Yet, cultural differences between South Korea and the United States exist. The purpose ofthis study was to identify and characterize potential cultural differences in the Korean and US institutional review board (IRB approach to certain topics.Methods: A qualitative analysis of a 9-item survey, describing 4 research study case scenarios, sent to IRB members from the United States and South Korea. The case scenarios involved the followingissues: (1 the need for consent for retrospective chart review when research subjects receive their care after the study is conceived; (2 child assent; (3 individual versus population benefit; and (4 exception from informed consent in emergency resuscitation research. The free-text responses were analyzed and abstracted for recurrent themes.Results: Twenty-three of the 45 survey recipients completed the survey, for an overall response rate of 51%. The themes that emerged were as follows: (1 the importance of parental authority among Korean participants versus the importance of child autonomy and child assent among US participants; (2 the recognition of the rights of a proxy or surrogate who can represent an individual’s values by all participants; and (3 the importance of the community, expressed by the Korean respondents, versus individualism, expressed by US respondents.Conclusion: Whereas US participants appear to emphasize the importance of the individual and the autonomy of a child, the Korean respondents stressed the importance of parental authority andbenefiting the community, above and beyond that of the individual person. However, there was substantial overlap in the themes expressed by respondents from both countries.

  8. Shrinkage of the Toona ciliata wood from three counties in the south of Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra de Oliveira Ribeiro

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to evaluate the shrinkage, in the bottom-up and pith-bark direction, of the australian cedar wood from three Counties in the south of Minas Gerais state, and also to check the variation in chemical composition of wood due the location of planting. The australian cedar wood was obtained with four years of age and in three cities in the south of Minas Gerais state (Campo Belo, Cana Verde and Santo Antonio do Amparo. The chemical constituents of wood, shrinkage values (tangential, radial, longitudinal and volumetric and the anisotropy coefficient. According to the results, there was no significant variation in the levels of holocellulose were determined, lignin, extractives and ashes between the three plantation sites evaluated. For the shrinkage of the wood in the bottom-up direction, there was no significant variation of the radial and longitudinal contractions for the three locations evaluated. However, significant variation was observed for the tangential and volumetric contractions for cities of Campo Belo and Cana Verde, and significant variation of Tangential contraction for the plantation of Santo Antonio do Amparo. In the pith-bark direction, significant variation was observed only on the radial contraction and the coefficient of anisotropy for location of Cana Verde.

  9. The state of legislation and policy regarding nuclear issues in Australia and South Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the author's opinion, nuclear issues are largely neglected, and dealt with inadequately, in Australian legislation. This can be partly understood when Australia's international position is investigated and considered, but it is a long way from being justifiable, particularly in the context of public opinion. Current legislation covers safety and environmental impact assessment of nuclear developments, but does not provide appropriate critical assessment processes. Yet in the new Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, 'nuclear activities' are considered to be not only a matter of environmental significance, but a matter of national environmental significance. Given that environmental issues are generally those which impact upon human health, quality of life and ecosystems, it would seem that nuclear issues are clearly and definitely environmental issues, despite their curious absence from much 'environmental' literature. This article reviews the current state of legislation in Australia, with particular concentration on the author's home State of South Australia

  10. Economic value addition, employment, and enterprise profiles of local authorities in the Free State, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danie Francois Toerien

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A strong underlying structure in the economic, demographic, and entrepreneurial domains of local authorities (municipalities in the Free State, South Africa was detected through cluster and other analyses. The structure is indicative of a system in which economic value addition, population size, employment creation, and entrepreneurial domains are dynamically linked. The agriculture, mining, and fuel and chemicals sectors dominate the economic value addition in some municipalities, whereas others are without a single dominating economic sector (i.e. they have well-balanced economies. The agriculture and households sectors are significant sources of employment in all municipalities. Cluster sequence analyses of the municipalities revealed statistically significant recurring patterns of value addition, employment, and entrepreneurship, further strengthening the detection of orderliness, which can promote mutual learning. The Metsimaholo municipality with a significant manufacturing base is an atypical Free State municipality and provides an outstanding example of the economic, demographic, and entrepreneurial impacts of value addition to local or external primary products.

  11. The zooplankton of Santa Catarina continental shelf in southern Brazil with emphasis on Copepoda and Cladocera and their relationship with physical coastal processes El zooplancton de la plataforma continental de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil con énfasis en Copepoda y Cladocera y sus relaciones con procesos físicos costeros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Domingos-Nunes

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Very few studies have been carried out to exclusively investigate the zooplankton community of Santa Catarina State continental shelf, despite the economic and ecological importance of the area. This coastal region of southern Brazil presents highly relevant oceanographic processes, such as the strong influence of continental inputs, resurgence in the Cabo de Santa Marta Grande and River Plata plume water to the south. Two sampling cruises were carried out, in December 2005 and May 2006, in order to study temporal hydrological variations, and their influence on the biota of the region. Zooplankton samples for analysis were obtained by oblique hauls with Bongo nets at 33 sampling stations arranged in profiles perpendicular to the coast on each cruise. The predominant groups found in the samples were Copepoda, Cladocera, Salpidae and Chaetognatha, which presented higher densities at the stations closer to the coast. In the case of the December 2005 cruise, the salinity and temperature gradients perpendicular to the coast, promoted by the continental inputs to the north of the area and by the upwelling to the south, determined the limits of distribution of Acartia lilljeborgi and Penilia avirostris. However, the temperature and salinity gradients longitudinal to the coast determined on the May 2006 cruise did not explain the species distribution, indicating that biotic forcing mechanisms may have been active in the ecology of the system during this period.A pesar de la importancia económica y ecológica del área todavía no habían sido realizados estudios exclusivamente destinados a la investigación de la comunidad zooplanctónica de la plataforma continental del Estado de Santa Catarina. Esta región costera del sur de Brasil presenta procesos oceanográficos de alta relevancia, tales como fuerte influencia de aportes continentales, resurgencia en el Cabo de Santa Marta Grande y la pluma de agua del río Plata en el sur. Se efectuaron dos

  12. [Prevalence and alcohol user profile in adult population in a south Brazilian city].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortoluzzi, Marcelo Carlos; Traebert, Jefferson; Loguercio, Alessandro; Kehrig, Ruth Terezinha

    2010-05-01

    This is an observational cross-sectional survey which included 707 individuals from a south Brazilian city (Joaçaba, in Santa Catarina State) aiming to know the alcohol user prevalence as well as the profile of the user. The results showed that 45.5% (322) of that population consume alcohol on regular basis and had used it at least once in the last month. The regular alcohol consumption occurs predominantly on males (p education (p currency (p <0.001). The regular alcohol consumption was greater on those who classified his health status as regular, good or very good (p <0.006), also this relation happen to those people who haven't been under hospital internment in the last year (p <0.013). The depression levels scored by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) showed low levels to those who regularly consume alcohol (p <0.047). PMID:20464180

  13. Estimativa do saldo anual de N em sistemas de criação de vacas leiteiras no Oeste de Santa Catarina Estimate of the animal N-balance in milk-cattle creation West of Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Luiz Berto

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A bovinocultura leiteira tornou-se uma importante alternativa econômica na região Oeste catarinense, principalmente como alternativa para as unidades de produção excluídas da suinocultura. Essa atividade, além de alternativa econômica, tem sido apresentada como uma alternativa ambiental no sentido de absorver, nas pastagens, quantidades expressivas dos dejetos gerados pela suinocultura e avicultura da região. O balanço de massas de nitrogênio simplificado foi aplicado sobre uma amostra de 69 UPs (unidades de produção do Oeste de Santa Catarina, de modo a identificar a contribuição da bovinocultura leiteira nos excedentes de N produzidos na agricultura. Os resultados médios do balanço de nitrogênio indicam a existência de pequenos excedentes de N na atividade. A avaliação detalhada dos balanços de N indicam claramente uma diferenciação desses sistemas em relação ao saldo de nitrogênio. Há um conjunto de sistemas menos intensivos cujo balanço atinge resultados de negativos a fracamente positivos, um conjunto intermediário e um conjunto de sistemas de criação cujo saldo indica a possibilidade de riscos consideráveis de poluição nitrogenada.The milk-cattle became an important economic alternative in the Western region of Santa Catarina State, mainly as an alternative for the swine farming excluded units. This activity, beyond the economic alternative, has been presented as an environmental-friendly alternative because it absorb, in the pastures, large amounts of the dejections generated by swine farms and poultry keeping. The simplified nitrogen masses balance was applied on 69 production units of the West of Santa Catarina, in order to identify the contribution of the milk-cattle keeping in the N excesses produced. The average results of the nitrogen balance indicate the existence N-excesses in the activity. The detailed evaluation of the N-balance clearly indicates clearly a differentiation of these systems in

  14. Researching and developing the emotional intelligence of History teachers in the Lejweleputswa District, Free State (South Africa).

    OpenAIRE

    Lubbe, Henriëtte J

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on case-study research into the emotional intelligence of secondary school History teachers of the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State Province of South Africa. It reflects on how the emotional intelligence of these teachers can be understood through investigating their experiences and attitudes towards History teaching in the modern South African classroom and reveals why they regard History as particularly challenging to teach. The article also ex...

  15. 77 FR 74923 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Estuaries, Coastal Waters, and South Florida...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... December 18, 2012 Part II Environmental Protection Agency 40 CFR Part 131 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Estuaries, Coastal Waters, and South Florida Inland Flowing Waters; Water Quality...; ] ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 131 RIN 2040-AF21 Water Quality Standards for the State of...

  16. Ocorrência e abundância de Rynchops niger Linnaeus, no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Occurrence and abundance of Rynchops niger Linnaeus in the coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O talha-mar Rynchops niger Linnaeus, 1758 habita os grandes rios, lagos e regiões costeiras durante as migrações, na América do Sul e do Norte. Esse trabalho tem por objetivo disponibilizar informações básicas sobre a ocorrência e abundância de talha-mar no litoral de Santa Catarina. Durante o período de abril/2002 a maio/2003 foram realizados censos sazonais (trimestrais e mensais em Itajaí, com auxílio de binóculos 10 x 50. O talha-mar é mais freqüente no aterro da Baía Sul (Florianópolis, no verão e outono, na primavera-verão em São José e Tijucas e no outono-inverno no estuário do Saco da Fazenda (Itajaí. Neste estuário, a população apresentou flutuações acentuadas ao longo do ano, com as maiores abundâncias ocorrendo em agosto/2001, janeiro/2002 e março/2003.The black skimmer inhabits the great rivers, lakes and coastal areas during the migrations, in South and North America. This work aims to make available basic information about the occurrence and abundance of the black skimmer in the coast of Santa Catarina. From April/2002 to May/2003 seasonal censuses were accomplished, and monthly in Itajaí, with aid of binoculars 10 x 50. The black skimmer is more frequent in the embankment of the South Bay (Florianópolis, in the summer and autumn, in the spring-summer in São José and Tijucas and in the autumn-winter in the estuary of the Saco da Fazenda (Itajaí. In this estuary, the population presented accentuated flotation along the year, with the largest abundances happening in August/2001, January/2002 and March/2003.

  17. Prevalência de Chlamydia trachomathis em amostras endocervicais de mulheres em São Paulo e Santa Catarina pela PCR Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in endocervical samples by PCR in São Paulo and Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Edgar Herkenhoff

    2012-10-01

    interventions have not demonstrated success in repairing tubal damage. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR has proved to be more sensitive than culture to the identification of CT mainly in women with chlamydial cervicitis.PCR promotes the detection of specific nucleotide sequences in CT. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of infections caused by CT in women in São Paulo and Santa Catarina states by use of endocervical samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study we used samples from laboratories in São Paulo and Santa Catarina states, which are associated with Genolab. CT examination result reports from 2010 obtained from Genolab database were analyzed. The phenol-chloroform protocol was used to obtain and isolate deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA and the (PCR method was used to amplify genetic material. RESULTS: We obtained a sample of 287 individuals, of which 56.45% were positive. Endocervical swab samples showed the highest positive results (75%. CONCLUSION: Endocervical samples constituted an accurate detection of CT. The high prevalence emphasizes the importance of molecular diagnosis, which is also corroborated by this study.

  18. The state of South Dakota's child: 2009. Part 2--Children and poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Ann L

    2009-04-01

    There is an inverse relationship between age and poverty in the United States, with 21 percent of children under six years of age poor, living below the Federal Poverty Guideline (FPG). In South Dakota, 17 percent of children under age 18 are poor, compared to 18 percent nationally, with 10 percent versus 11 percent of white children living below the FPG and 56 percent versus 33 percent of American Indian children living in poverty. In South Dakota, more than one-third of children living in single-parent households are poor, and 5 percent of those in married households live below the FPG. Nearly one-third of all children below the FPG live with their working poor families that have at least one parent with part- or full-time employment. The effects of poverty on learning and development are reviewed with an emphasis on current findings suggesting that poverty in early childhood has long-term influences on health, regardless of an individual's movement beyond life in a low-income household. PMID:19402299

  19. Media visibility on the formation of female celebrity: Catarina, a virgin for auction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lígia Campos de Cerqueira Lana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the role of media visibility in the rise of CatherineMigliorini’s celebrity, famous after putting her virginity up for auction oninternet. The history of the case and its main events, texts written by experts, images and statements of Catarina are investigated from the perspective of women’s visibility transformations. Although media critique, the celebrity Catarina displayed expected abilities of women in media visibility, as the possession of a sexy, young and assertive body, able to be used as capital.

  20. Antinutrients Evaluation of Staple Food in Ebonyi State, South-Eastern, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edeogu, C. O.; Ezeonu, F. C.; Okaka, A. N. C.; Ekuma, C. E.; Eiom, S. O.

    Evaluating the levels of antinutrients in the staple foods is an important aspect of nutritional studies. The levels of these antinutrients were quantitatively estimated in staple foods in a major food producing rural areas of Ebonyi State, South-Eastern Nigeria using spectrophotometric method. Results indicated that phytate was not detected in tubers while legumes recorded the highest mean values of phytate (260.07 mg gG1). The oxalate levels of legumes were significantly high compared to tubers and cereals (ptannin. Also tannin was related to all other antinutrients except cyanogenic glycoside. Interestingly, all other antinutrients were positively related to each other except cyanogenic glycoside and tannins. The consumption of staple foods rich in these antinutrients pose a health risk to livestock and poor communities that reside around the study sites, especially children.

  1. Noise and Performance: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Belojevic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Researches on noise and performance in central and Eastern Europe and South-East Europe countries and Newly Independent States have been performed in last 40 years in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics, Russia, Serbia and Yugoslavia, mainly at universities in the capitals. In laboratory studies the effects of noise have been studied on vigilance, visual performance, attention, information perception and processing, reaction time, short term memory and spatial reasoning. The field studies focused on the relation between chronic exposure to community noise and children′s behavior and executive functioning (EF and between industrial noise and occupational injuries. These studies were mainly complementary to the studies in Western Europe.

  2. HPLC Determination of Isoflavone Levels in Osage Orange from the United States Midwest and South

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darji, Ketur; Miglis, Cristina; Wardlow, Ashley; Abourashed, Ehab A.

    2013-01-01

    The fruit of Maclura pomifera tree is a sustainable source for the pharmacologically interesting isoflavones, osajin and pomiferin. A reversed-phase HPLC method was developed to identify osage orange samples with high isoflavone content and to determine the optimum conditions for sample preparation. Analytical run time was 8 min at a flow rate of 1 mL/min using a gradient of acetonitrile in H2O (0.1% formic acid) and UV peak detection at 274 nm. The method was validated for specificity, accuracy, precision, and limits of detection and quantitation (LOD/LOQ). The method was applied to determine the levels of osajin and pomiferin in extracts prepared from different samples of osage orange growing in the United States Midwest and South. Results demonstrated the effect of different variables, such as sample preparation, geographical location, and growth stage, on the levels of osajin and pomiferin in analyzed samples. PMID:23772950

  3. Relevância da estratégia de coopetição para as IES: o posicionamento do Centro Universitário Católico de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Gaio; Luiz Carlos Duclós; Hélio Gilberto Amaral

    2012-01-01

    The competition from consolidators in the educational market has intensified in the national and regional markets, such as Santa Catarina State, pressing the small and medium size IES to establish strategies of competition, cooperation and coopetition. The purpose of this position paper is to present the structured strategies for service excellence (KANO, 1984) and strategies coopetition (BRANDENBURGER and NALEBUFF, 1996; DAGNINO; PADULA, 2002) used by Centro Universitário Católico de Santa C...

  4. IN SITU ET DE VISU: A FORMAÇÃO DE PROFESSORES/AS EM SANTA CATARINA NA VIGÊNCIA DA REFORMA ORESTES GUIMARÃES (1911-1930)

    OpenAIRE

    Gladys Mary Ghizoni Teive

    2012-01-01

    In 1911, under the leadership of professor Orestes Guimarães, of SãoPaulo, the Escola Normal Catarinense (Normal School of Santa Catarina) wasreformed according to the tenets of modern pedagogy, as with the Escola Normalde São Paulo, in 1891( NB: In Brazil, Escola Normal is a teacher-trainingcourse, part of secondary education, that prepares teachers for teaching in primaryschools). Following the principles of the intuitive method of teaching, then consideredthe state of the art modernising t...

  5. Human resource development and antiretroviral treatment in Free State province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schneider Helen

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In common with other developing countries, South Africa's public health system is characterised by human resource shortfalls. These are likely to be exacerbated by the escalating demand for HIV care and a large-scale antiretroviral therapy (ART programme. Focusing on professional nurses, the main front-line providers of primary health care in South Africa, we studied patterns of planning, recruitment, training and task allocation associated with an expanding ART programme in the districts of one province, the Free State. Methods Data collection included an audit of professional nurse posts created and filled following the introduction of the ART programme, repeated surveys of facilities providing ART over two years to assess the deployment of staff, and secondary data analysis of government personnel databases to track broader patterns of recruitment and training. Results Although a substantial number of new professional nurse posts were established for the ART programme in the Free State, nearly 80% of these posts were filled by nurses transferring from other programmes within the same facility or from facilities within the same district, rather than by new recruits. From the beginning, ART nurse posts tended to be graded at a senior level, and later, in an effort to recruit professional nurses for the ART programme, the majority (54.6% of nurses entering the programme were promoted to a senior level. The vacancy rate of nurse ART posts was significantly lower than that of other posts in the primary health care (PHC system (15.7% vs 37.1%. Nursing posts in urban ART facilities were more easily filled than those in rural areas, exacerbating existing imbalances. The shift of nurses into the ART programme was partially compensated for by the appointment of additional support staff, task shifting to community health workers, and a large investment in training of PHC workers. However, the use of less-trained, mid-level enrolled

  6. Mutation breeding for irrigated rice at EMPASC, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mutation breeding for irrigated rice culture was initiated in 1985 at Estacao Experimental de Itajai (EMPASC), Santa Catarina in cooperation with Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), Piracicaba, Sao Paulo. The traditional breeding programme conducted by EMPASC at Itajai is primarily based on the introduction of cultivars, pure lines, and hybridization. The new introductions have not been as good as the cultivars now grown by rice farmers. Rice breeders are constantly attempting to develop new cultivars for irrigated rice culture and seeking new methods to supplement the conventional breeding methods. The introduction of mutation techniques to the breeding programme at Itajai began with the irradiation of seeds of 4 rice cultivars with 12 and 24 kr (120 and 240 Gy) of gamma rays at CENA in 1985. The irradiated seeds were sown at Itajai in the same year. Seeds were harvested from 3 panicles of each plant. The mutant plants were then cultivated to develop select progenies. Mutants were visible only in the cultivars IRGA 408, EMPASC 105, and Pratao Precoce. Fifty-seven progeny were selected primarily from IRGA 408 and EMPASC 101 for the M4 generation. Progeny from Pratao Precoce were eliminated because they were not stable. Mutant progeny from EMPASC 101 were eliminated in the M5 generation because of a high incidence of chalk in the rice grains. The agronomic performance of IRGA 408 progeny was good and some mutant lines were further evaluated as follows: one in regional trials, 5 in advanced trials, and 5 in preliminary trials. Mutant line SCM-3-1-2 was evaluated in a regional trial and showed strong promise of becoming a new cultivar. (author). 3 refs, 4 tabs

  7. Royden McIntosh Muir and His Anesthetic Links Between South Africa, London, and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Peter Crichton

    2016-07-01

    New Zealand born, Dr. Royden McIntosh Muir, MBChB(Edin), DA(RCS&RCP), emigrated to Cape Town in 1921 having specialized in anesthesia in London after World War 1 and became one of South Africa's earliest and leading anesthesiologists. He was appointed honorary anesthetist and clinical teacher by the University of Cape Town at South Africa's first medical school in 1922, and lecturer in 1927. Aware of Cape Town's isolation at the southern tip of Africa, he undertook extensive tours studying anesthetic practice at major hospitals in London, the United States and Canada in 1933 and 1938. He became a lifelong friend of Ralph Waters in Madison, who coached him in the use of cyclopropane, and he subsequently introduced cyclopropane into England and South Africa. In the United States, he met Richard von Foregger, founder of the New York based Foregger Company, from whom he later commissioned a purpose-built anesthetic machine marketed by Foregger as "The Muir Midget." Muir was a founder member of the South African Society of Anaesthetists in 1943 and was elected as its second president the following year. Based on what he had seen in academic hospitals in the United States and England, he fought until his retirement for the improved recognition of the specialty in South Africa and the establishment of adequately staffed departments of anesthesia at teaching hospitals in that country. PMID:27480475

  8. Estudo da doença de Gaucher em Santa Catarina Study of Gaucher disease in Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovino S. Ferreira

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Gaucher (DG foi a primeira doença de armazenamento lisossomal descrita e a mais encontrada. Caracteriza-se pela deficiência hereditária da atividade da enzima lisossomal glucocerebrosidase, que bloqueia o metabolismo do glicocerebrosídeo. A proposta deste trabalho foi estudar as características clínicas, laboratoriais e radiológicas, as principais mutações encontradas, relacionando-as com as formas clínicas e avaliar a resposta à terapia de reposição enzimática (TRE nos pacientes com DG em Santa Catarina. Foram estudados dez pacientes com DG no Hospital Universitário, no período entre 1998 e 2003, após confirmação diagnóstica da doença pela dosagem da enzima beta-glicosidase em leucócitos. Pesquisa das mutações foi realizada em amostras de sangue e de mucosa oral. A média de idade ao diagnóstico foi de 19,6 anos. A DG tipo 1 foi diagnosticada em 80% dos casos, e a tipo 2 em 20%. Quatro pacientes tiveram história familiar de DG. Hepatoesplenomegalia foi a manifestação clínica mais comum. Anemia e trombocitopenia ocorreram em 100% dos casos. Dores ósseas foram relatadas por 75% dos pacientes. Os alelos mutantes encontrados foram N370S e L444P. Houve elevação dos níveis de hemoglobina em todos os pacientes com DG tipo 1. Concluímos que a DG tipo 1 é a forma clínica mais comum. Anemia, trombocitopenia, hepatoesplenomegalia e osteopenia são as características mais freqüentes dos pacientes com DG. O alelo N370S é o mais freqüente, estando relacionado com o tipo 1. O alelo L444P em homozigose sugere letalidade precoce. A TRE é segura e efetiva para a DG tipo 1.Gaucher Disease (GD was the first described and is the most common lysosomal deposit disease. It is characterized byahereditary deficiency of glucocerebrosidase lysosomal enzyme activity which blocks the metabolism of glucocerebrosideo. The aim of this work was to study the clinical, laboratorial and radiological characteristics, the main

  9. Frontier areas and exploration techniques. Frontier uranium exploration in the South-Central United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selected areas of the South-Central United States outside the known U trends of South Texas have a largely untested potential for the occurrence of significant U mineralization. These areas, underlain by Tertiary and older sediments, include parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. The commonly accepted criteria employed in U exploration are applicable to these frontier areas but special consideration must also be given to the atypical geologic aspects of such areas as they may apply to relatively unique types of U mineralization or to the development of special exploration criteria for common types of roll-front and fault-and dome-related uranium mineralization. The procedures used in evaluating frontier areas should be based on comprehensive evaluations involving: (1) location and analysis of potential source rocks (e.g., intrusive igneous rocks, bentonitic sediments, unique complexes, etc.); (2) definition of regional variations in the potential host sediments (e.g. marginal marine to nonmarine environments of deposition); (3) review of all available radiometric data in Tertiary or older rocks; (4) local groundwater sampling; (5) widely spaced reconnaissance (or stratigraphic) drilling, coring and borehole geophysical logging to define favorable sedimentary facies and to establish the specific lithologic character of the sediments; and (6) detailed petrographic evaluation of all available samples to define the environment of deposition and diagenetic history of ''favorable'' sediments. If procedures produce favorable results, an expanded exploration program is justified. Depths up to 3,000 feet should be anticipated if up-dip information is favorable. Selected areas are discussed that have: (1) favorable source and host rocks;(2) favorable age; (3) favorable regional and local structure; and (4) radiometric characteristics favorable for U mineralization of potentially economic grade and reserves in the areas

  10. E-Social Astuteness Skills for ICT-Supported Equitable Prosperity and a Capable Developmental State in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrovic, Zoran; Taylor, Wallace; Sharif, Mymoena; Claassen, Walter; Wesso, Harold

    2013-01-01

    Over 350 national and international delegates at the 2nd e-Skills Summit and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Global ICT Forum on Human Capital Development have agreed that the e-skilling agenda in South Africa is making a "profound difference" but still not sufficient to build a capable developmental state. The delegates…

  11. Whose History? An Analysis of the Korean War in History Textbooks from the United States, South Korea, Japan, and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lin; Zhao, Yali; Ogawa, Masato; Hoge, John; Kim, Bok Young

    2009-01-01

    This article examines how recent history textbooks from the United States, Japan, China, and South Korea present the Korean War. The comparative analysis focuses on four areas: the causes of the Korean War, American involvement in the war, Chinese involvement in the war, and the results of the war. Analysis of the central story lines reveals that…

  12. Urban Education in Distress: South Africa and the United States--Mutual Dilemmas for Two Democratic Societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchitelle, Susan

    2000-01-01

    South Africa and the United States face similar problems: teachers' inadequacies in educating an increasingly diverse population; a culture of poverty undermining public support; urban decay and declining tax bases; insufficient resources; totally inadequate school facilities; and unrealistic expectations, considering allotted resources, faculty,…

  13. Olhar e vertigem – miragens barrocas na obra de Frei Lucas de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Amorim

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo faz uma leitura da obra satírica Sonho tão claro que se fez dormindo, de Frei Lucas de Santa Catarina, enfatizando a crítica produzida pela literatura barroca portuguesa, mesmo em períodos de repressão, e a engenhosidade e virtuosismo verbal dessa estética.

  14. Parasite-host interaction between ectoparasites (Ixodida & Siphonaptera and common opossum Didelphisaurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia, on the mainland and on Santa Catarina coastal islands, Southern Brazil

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    Maurício E. Graipel

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This is the first study about the ecological interaction between the ectoparasites and marsupials of the Didelphis genus and the second one about mammals in Santa Catarina State. Three insular populations and a mainland population were sampled. The fleas Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis and the mites Amblyomma cajennense, A. aureolatum and Ixodes loricatus were new records for this state. Leptopsylla segnis is also a new record for Didelphis. The numbers of ectoparasite species were between two on Arvoredo Island (IA and four on Santa Catarina Island. The hosts on IA had an ectoparasite prevalence of 14.3% and the others had a prevalence of 100%. The mean infestation varied between 0.4 (IA and 128 (Ratones Grande Island ectoparasites per host. Although the common opossum hosted few species of ectoparasites, the degree of infestation on the Santa Catarina coast was high. The results had no relationship with either the with hosts’ population density or with the possible numbers of host species. A suitable interpretation of the results depends on information such as the colonization and extinction history of the fauna of each location. Nevertheless, the study contributes with new records and corroborates the idea that this ecological interaction can be wide and complex.

  15. Improving learning infrastructure and environment for sustainable quality assurance practice in secondary schools in Ondo State, South-West, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Ayeni, Adeolu Joshua; Adelabu, Modupe A.

    2012-01-01

    The current study examines the state of learning environment and infrastructure, together with their effects on teaching and learning activities and the extent to which they are being maintained. The study uses a descriptive survey design paradigm. Respondents consist of 60 principals and 540 teachers that were randomly selected using the multi-stage sampling technique from a pool of 599 public secondary schools in the Ondo State, South-West, Nigeria. Data were collected using the Learning En...

  16. Depositional tracts and stratigraphic architecture of the Itajaí Basin sedimentary sucessions (Neoproterozoic, northeastern Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Michel Silva Costa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Neoproterozoic sedimentary successions of the Itajaí Basin show depositional trends and a stratigraphic framework characteristics of foreland basin system. The sedimentary environments have developed in basin conditions ranging from deep marine context, transitional shallow marine, to continental. Stratigraphic architecture comprises three depositional tracts (DT: DTI - submarine fans system that records the initial basin sedimentation and involves frontal and distal turbiditic deposits; DTII - transitional to shallow marine depositional system that represents the efective infill fase of basin, and includes deltaic succession with braided channels dominated plain; and DTIII - fluvial braided and alluvial fan depositional system that comprises the final stage of basin sedimentation. Arkoses and greywacke of the DTI present paleocurrent unimodals patterns and general trend to south-southeast, suggesting source area from Santa Catarina Granulitic Complex. The sandstones and conglomerates of DTII and DTIII have opposite paleocurrent pattern, indicating source area from both Metamorphic Brusque Complex and Florianópolis Batolith. Integration of paleoenvironmental and stratigraphic data, with previous information (U-Pb in detrital zircon, allowed a consistent interpretation on the sedimentary evolution and detrital sources of the basin and represent a progress on the discussions on the knowledge of the Itajaí Basin and its significance in the evolutionary context of the Dom Feliciano Belt.

  17. Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in the general population of Karnataka state, south India

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    Banandur Pradeep

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the context of AVAHAN, the India AIDS Initiative of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, general population surveys (GPS were carried out between 2006 and 2008 in Belgaum (northern, Bellary (mid-state and Mysore (southern districts of Karnataka state, south India. Data from these three surveys were analysed to understand heterogeneity in HIV risk. Methods Outcome variables were the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs. Independent variables included age, district, place of residence, along with socio-demographic, medical and behavioural characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression was undertaken to identify characteristics associated with HIV and differences between districts, incorporating survey statistics to consider weights and cluster effects. Results The participation rate was 79.0% for the interview and 72.5% for providing a blood or urine sample that was tested for HIV. Belgaum had the highest overall HIV (1.43% and Herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2 (16.93% prevalence, and the lowest prevalence of curable STIs. In Belgaum, the HIV epidemic is predominantly rural, and among women. In Bellary, the epidemic is predominantly in urban areas and among men, and HIV prevalence was 1.18%. Mysore had the lowest prevalence of HIV (0.80% and HSV-2 (10.89% and the highest prevalence of curable STIs. Higher HIV prevalence among men was associated with increasing age (p25-29years=11.22,95%CI:1.42-88.74, AOR30-34years=13.13,95%CI:1.67-103.19 and AOR35-39years=11.33,95%CI:1.32-96.83, having more than one lifetime sexual partner (AOR=4.61,95%CI:1.26-16.91 and having ever used a condom (AOR=3.32,95%CI:1.38-7.99. Having a dissolved marriage (being widowed/divorced/separated was the strongest predictor (AOR=10.98,95%CI: 5.35-22.57 of HIV among women. Being a muslim woman was associated with lower HIV prevalence (AOR=0.27,95%CI:0.08-0.87. Conclusion The HIV epidemic in Karnataka shows considerable heterogeneity

  18. Pharmaceutical assistance in local public health services in Santa Catarina (Brazil: characteristics of its organization

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    Ana Paula Veber

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study outlines the diagnosis stage of 201 Municipal Pharmaceutical Assistance Plans sent to the Directorate of Pharmaceutical Assistance of the State Secretariat for Health of Santa Catarina (DIAF-SES/SC between November 12, 2005 and July 6, 2006. Multiple Correspondence Analysis was used in conjunction with SPAD 3.5 software, followed by hypothesis testing. The variables "pharmacist presence" and "population" were those which most contributed to the formation of the three clusters of municipalities observed. The number of drugs contained in the Municipal Lists of Essential Drugs (REMUMEs ranged from 15 to 413. A total of 67 towns had between 101 and 200 drugs- a range considered ideal in this study according to the 2006 National List of Essential Drugs. No tendency toward correlation between number of drugs listed in the REMUMES and municipality population size was found. Results confirmed the known disparity in Pharmaceutical Assistance among municipalities of different sizes and highlighted the need for structuring the activities of Pharmaceutical Assistance in the municipalities studied. There is also a need for greater commitment from all management spheres so that activities of Pharmaceutical Assistance at a local level ensure access to quality drugs and services, while fostering rational use.Este estudo retrata a etapa de diagnóstico de 201 Planos Municipais de Assistência Farmacêutica enviados entre 12 de novembro de 2005 a 06 de julho de 2006 à Diretoria de Assistência Farmacêutica da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Santa Catarina (DIAF-SES/SC. Utilizou-se a Análise de Correspondência Múltipla, através do programa SPAD 3.5 e posteriormente realizou-se teste de hipótese. As variáveis "presença de farmacêutico" e "população" foram as que mais contribuíram para a formação dos três agrupamentos de municípios evidenciados. O número de medicamentos constantes das Relações Municipais de Medicamentos Essenciais

  19. Notes from the field: Investigation of high HIV prevalence in Western Equatoria State--South Sudan, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Data are limited on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in South Sudan, which became an independent country on July 9, 2011, after decades of civil war. In 2009, estimated HIV prevalence in antenatal clinics across the 10 states that now make up South Sudan was 3.0%, ranging from zero in Northern Bahr el Ghazal to 7.2% in Western Equatoria State (WES). A review of HIV programmatic data in February 2012 suggested consistently higher HIV prevalence in WES than in other states. Because of concerns about the high HIV prevalence and the threat of a worsening epidemic among postconflict communities, the Ministry of Health requested assistance from CDC to investigate the high HIV prevalence in WES and provide recommendations for the public health response. PMID:23739340

  20. Bluetongue disease and seroprevalence in South American camelids from the northwestern region of the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Andrew J; Stanton, James B; Evermann, James F; Fry, Lindsay M; Ackerman, Melissa G; Barrington, George M

    2015-03-01

    In late summer/early fall of 2013, 2 South American camelids from central Washington were diagnosed with fatal bluetongue viral disease, an event which is rarely reported. A 9-year-old intact male llama (Lama glama), with a 1-day history of anorexia, recumbency, and dyspnea before death. Abundant foam discharged from the mouth and nostrils, and the lungs were severely edematous on postmortem examination. Histologically, there was abundant intra-alveolar edema with fibrin. Hemorrhage and edema disrupted several other organs. Bluetongue viral RNA was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and serotype 11 was identified by sequencing a segment of the VP2 outer capsid gene. Approximately 1 month later, at a site 150 miles north of the index case, a 2-year-old female alpaca with similar, acutely progressive clinical signs was reported. A postmortem examination was performed, and histologic lesions from the alpaca were similar to those of the llama, and again serotype 11 was detected by PCR. The occurrence of bluetongue viral infection and disease is described in the context of seasonal Bluetongue virus activity within the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada. PMID:25680921

  1. Population data of 17 Y-STR loci from Rio Grande do Sul state (South Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwengber, Solange P; Kommers, Trícia; Matte, Cecília H F; Raimann, Paulo E; Carvalho, Bianca A; Leite, Fabio P N; Medeiros, Marcelo A; Souza, Luis F; Castro, Cibele S; Chassot, Fernanda G C; Bonatto, Sandro L

    2009-12-01

    A sample of 255 Brazilian males from Rio Grande do Sul (RS), the Brazilian southernmost state, was typed for 17 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA_H4.1 and DYS385ab). A total of 247 haplotypes were identified, of which 239 were unique and eight were found in two individuals each. The haplotype diversity (99.98%) and discrimination capacity (96.86%) were calculated. Pairwise haplotype distances showed that the RS population is not significantly different from Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, and Argentina, is different from São Paulo, Italy, and North Portugal, and is very distant from Spain, the Amazon region, Germany, and South Amerindians. When the RS data was separated in the seven geopolitical regions, some pairs of regions were significantly different; however no region was different from the whole Brazilian sample. PMID:19948319

  2. Music in the indigenous societies of lowland South America: the state of the art

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    Rafael José de Menezes Bastos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The last thirty years have seen a remarkable growth in the ethnomusicology of the South American lowlands. The region has emerged from relative obscurity - a state in which it languished for decades, despite possessing some of the world's oldest descriptions of 'primitive' music - through the publication of a wide variety of texts on the musical production of its indigenous peoples, along with various attempts at regional and sub-regional comparison. This ethnomusicological output - much of it originating in Brazil from the early 1990s onwards - has been complimented by monographs and regional comparative studies from anthropologists specialized in other areas, whose work has frequently highlighted the importance of music (typically in connection with other art forms, cosmology, shamanism and philosophy for a clearer understanding of the region. The resulting panorama is promising. However it also requires analysis, a fundamental element in determining paths for future research. Divided into two parts, the article approaches this endeavour by focusing on written production, making secondary use of phonographic, videographic and other documental forms. The first part of the text surveys the literature produced on the region's music over the period. In the second part, I reflect on the main features of indigenous music to emerge from the literature and propose a number of working hypotheses for future investigations.

  3. Gastrointestinal parasites in goats from Monte Castelo, Santa Catarina, Brazil Parasitas gastrintestinais em caprinos de Monte Castelo, Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Cristina Perito Cardoso

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out with the aim of estimating the degree of gastrointestinal helminth infection in goats on the Northern Plateau of Santa Catarina. Twelve young females and 11 adult females were used. Every 28 days, feces samples were taken to quantify the nematode eggs per gram of feces (EPG. Larval culturing was performed on a pool of positive samples from the same group. The fecal egg counts (FECs ranged from zero to 10,400 EPG in the young group and zero to 7,600 EPG in the adult group. The mean FECs were between 583.3 and 4441.7 in the young group and between 418.2 and 2181.8 in the adult group. Eggs of the order Strongylida and genera Moniezia and Toxocara, and oocysts of Coccidia, were observed. The young animals were more affected and Haemonchus was the most prevalent genus in the samples.Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de estimar o grau de infecção dos helmintos gastrintestinais em um rebanho caprino criado no Planalto Norte Catarinense. Foram utilizadas 12 fêmeas jovens e 11 adultas, das quais, a cada 28 dias, foram coletadas amostras de fezes diretamente do reto, totalizando 12 coletas, para quantificação de ovos por grama de fezes (OPG e cultivo de larvas através de "pool" das amostras positivas do mesmo grupo. A contagem de OPG variou de zero a 10.400 nos animais jovens e de zero a 7.600 nos adultos. As médias do OPG entre as coletas foram de 583,3 a 4.441,7 no grupo jovem e de 418,2 a 2.181,8 nos adultos, sendo observados ovos da ordem Strongylida, dos gêneros Moniezia e Toxocara, bem como oocistos de coccídeos. Os animais mais jovens foram os mais acometidos, sendo o gênero Haemonchus o mais prevalente.

  4. 77 FR 1895 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... action, we are proposing to approve South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 317.... South Coast Air Quality Management District There are two 1-hour ozone nonattainment areas within the... AQMA failed to attain the 1-hour ozone standard by their applicable attainment dates (76 FR...

  5. 77 FR 74372 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... action, EPA is finalizing approval of South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 317... proposed to approve the following rule into the California SIP, in the Federal Register at 77 FR 1895... the Act, the ``principles'' behind that language, or South Coast Air Quality Management District...

  6. Temperament Styles of Children from South Africa and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland, Thomas; Pretorius, Jenny D.; Lee, Dong Hun

    2008-01-01

    Four bipolar temperament qualities (i.e. extroversion-introversion, practical-imaginative, thinking-feeling and organized-flexible) of 800 South African children, ages 9-10, 11-12, 13-14 and 15-17, first are described and then compared to temperament qualities of 800 US children of the same ages. South African children do not differ in their…

  7. O Difícil Equilíbrio entre Descentralização, Desenvolvimento e Participação: o Caso dos Conselhos de Desenvolvimento Regional no Estado de Santa Catarina

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    Késya Margarida Hack

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the process of participation in the decentralization that has occurred in the state of Santa Catarina, since 2003, and on its relationship with regional development. The overall objective was to study the profile of counselors of Regional Development Council (RDC of Joaçaba to raise possibilities for training of members of RDC, and can extrapolate, then, the knowledge acquired for comparison with other councils existing counterparts in Santa Catarina. The research used a lot of methods such as participant observation, reading and analyzing documents from the RDC study, interviews, questionnaires and literature research. The data were analyzed in the light of literature and empirical reality experienced in participation in the activities of RDC. From the research was established a proposal for training, that was validated by the Regional Development Council of Joaçaba. With regard to results, the research indicates the need for systematic and continuing investments in the development of both the advisers as the very process of decentralization in Santa Catarina, designed to promote and realize a regional development project which in fact assists in intensive participation and accountability of civil society.

  8. Predictors of condom use and refusal among the population of Free State province in South Africa

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    Chandran Thoovakkunon

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study investigated the extent and predictors of condom use and condom refusal in the Free State province in South Africa. Methods Through a household survey conducted in the Free Sate province of South Africa, 5,837 adults were interviewed. Univariate and multivariate survey logistic regressions and classification trees (CT were used for analysing two response variables ‘ever used condom’ and ‘ever refused condom’. Results Eighty-three per cent of the respondents had ever used condoms, of which 38% always used them; 61% used them during the last sexual intercourse and 9% had ever refused to use them. The univariate logistic regression models and CT analysis indicated that a strong predictor of condom use was its perceived need. In the CT analysis, this variable was followed in importance by ‘knowledge of correct use of condom’, condom availability, young age, being single and higher education. ‘Perceived need’ for condoms did not remain significant in the multivariate analysis after controlling for other variables. The strongest predictor of condom refusal, as shown by the CT, was shame associated with condoms followed by the presence of sexual risk behaviour, knowing one’s HIV status, older age and lacking knowledge of condoms (i.e., ability to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy, availability, correct and consistent use and existence of female condoms. In the multivariate logistic regression, age was not significant for condom refusal while affordability and perceived need were additional significant variables. Conclusions The use of complementary modelling techniques such as CT in addition to logistic regressions adds to a better understanding of condom use and refusal. Further improvement in correct and consistent use of condoms will require targeted interventions. In addition to existing social marketing campaigns, tailored approaches should focus on establishing the perceived need

  9. First Record of Amblyomma ovale (Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae parasitizing Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818 (Carnivora: Mustelidae in Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Sc, Brazil

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    Bibiana Verdin De Andrade

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Three female and one male Amblyomma ovale (Acari: Ixodidae were found parasitizing a neotropical otter (Lontra longicaudis (Carnivora: Mustelidae in Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. This is the first record of the occurrence of A. ovale in Santa Catarina Island and the second report of this ectoparasite in a mustelid species in Brazil. A. ovale has been reported in wild carnivores in several Brazilian states and is considered one of the main predominant species of the Atlantic rainforest. The Amblyomma ticks are primarily responsible for the spread of BSF in humans. Among the species of Amblyomma infesting dogs is the A. ovale and the proximity between man and the dog favors the parasite sharing. Santa Catarina Island has many rural and wild environments shared by domestic animals, especially dogs, such as the environment where the otter was found in this study. Proper determination of tick species and their distribution in different geographical regions is essential for the understanding of the epidemiology of Rickettsiosis.

  10. Physical activity indicators in adults from a state capital in the South of Brazil: a comparison between telephone and face-to-face surveys

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    Giovâni Firpo Del Duca

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare estimates of prevalence of physical activity indicators and associated sociodemographic factors obtained from telephone and face-to-face interviews with adults. Data from a cross-sectional populationbased survey of adults living in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil was compared to data collected through the telephonic system VIGITEL. There was no significant difference between the results from telephone interviews (n = 1,475 and face-to-face interviews (n = 1,720 with respect to prevalence of sufficient leisure time physical activity (19.3% versus 15.5%, respectively, sufficient leisure time and/or commuting physical activity (35.1% versus 29.1%, respectively and physical inactivity (16.2% versus 12.6%, respectively. Some differences were observed with respect to the sociodemographic factors associated with leisure time and/or commuting physical activity and physical inactivity. The two techniques yielded generally similar results with respect to prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated to physical activity indicators.

  11. Photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities in the South China Sea and Sulu Sea

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    W. Cheah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, an increasing number of studies on phytoplankton in the tropical South China Sea (SCS and Sulu Sea (SS have been conducted. However, still little is known about the photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities under varying environmental conditions. This study investigates the photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities in the southern SCS and SS based on high horizontal and vertical resolution field observations collected during the SHIVA (Stratosphere ozone: Halogens in a Varying Atmosphere cruise (SO 218 in November 2011 on board RV Sonne. At the surface, pigment results revealed that total chlorophyll a (TChl a concentrations at all offshore stations were low at the surface and were generally dominated by cyanobacteria. Enhanced concentrations of TChl a were only observed below the upper mixed layer and above the euphotic depth with haptophytes, prochlorophytes and prasinophytes contributing most of the biomass. At stations close to the coast and river outflows, surface phytoplankton blooms (between 1 to 2.2 mg m−3 dominated by diatoms were observed. Overall, the study region exhibited strong nitrate + nitrite (NOx, −1, and phosphate (PO4, −1 depletion from surface down to about 50–60 m. Silicate (Si exhibited similar trends with the exception of some near shore stations in which high Si concentrations (> 2 μmol L−1 were observed in conjunction with increased TChl a and diatoms concentrations. Surface NOx concentrations were observed to correlate positively with temperature (τ = 0.22, p n = 108, whereas negative correlations were reported between surface NOx (τ = −0.27, p n = 108, Si (τ = −0.68, p n = 108 and salinity indicating that the enhancement in nutrients at the surface was probably supplied through fresher and warmer river waters near the coast. In contrast, the opposite was observed between temperature, salinity and all nutrients in the water column suggesting

  12. Ottillie Hammes: pioneira da enfermagem catarinense Ottillie Hammes: pionera de la enfermería de Santa Catarina, Brasil Ottillie Hammes: a nursing pioneer in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Miriam Süsskind Borenstein

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo sócio-histórico cujo objetivo foi revelar a trajetória profissional de Ottillie Hammes, apresentar alguns traços de sua biografia e analisar sua contribuição para a profissão da enfermagem em Santa Catarina. Na coleta de dados foram realizadas entrevistas e utilizadas outras fontes documentais. Os dados foram categorizados utilizando-se análise de conteúdo e com base no referencial foucaultiano. Os resultados evidenciaram que Ottillie Hammes provocou mudanças expressivas na enfermagem catarinense, em conseqüência da criação da Escola de Auxiliares de Enfermagem; da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem - SC e do estímulo a promulgação da Lei que possibilitou o enquadramento do enfermeiro na categoria técnica e científica, com conseqüente desenvolvimento da profissão e melhoria da assistência prestada à população.Tratase de un estudio socio-histórico, cuyo objetivo fue revelar la trayectoria profesional de Ottillie Hammes, presentar algunos aspectos de su biografía y analizar su contribución para la profesión de enfermería en el Estado de Santa Catarina - Brasil. Para la recolección de los datos fueron realizadas entrevistas con Ottillie Hammes y utilizadas fuentes documentales. Los datos fueron categorizados de acuerdo con analise del contenido e analizados con base en referencial Foucaultiano. Los resultados evidenciaron que la Ottillie Hammes provocó mudanzas expresivas en la enfermería catarinense, en consecuencia de la creación de escuela de auxiliares de enfermería en Florianópolis; de la Asociación Brasilera de Enfermería - Sección Santa Catarina y del estimulo a la promulgación de la ley No. 3175/63, la cual posibilitó la inclusión del enfermero en la categoría Técnico - Científica, propiciando así el desarrollo de esa profesión y el mejoramiento de la asistencia prestada a la población.This is a socio-historic study that aimed at revealing Ottillie Hammes' professional

  13. O ensino de história da enfermagem nos cursos de graduação de Santa Catarina Nursing history education on graduation courses in Santa Catarina

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    Maria Itayra C. de S. Padilha

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da idéia de que o ensino da história da enfermagem é fundamental para a formação dos alunos do curso de graduação e de que a forma como se ministra o seu conteúdo proporciona ou não a aderência a este conhecimento, esta pesquisa pretende estabelecer uma rede de contatos com todas as escolas de enfermagem de Santa Catarina para traçar um diagnóstico do ensino de história da enfermagem. Este poderá subsidiar a criação de uma política para nortear a reformulação curricular da disciplina, face às necessidades do Estado. A metodologia é qualitativa e a coleta de dados inicial identificou, a partir de 15 escolas de enfermagem do Estado, o modus operandi do desenvolvimento da disciplina ao longo do curso. Uma análise inicial indica que as estratégias educacionais e curriculares são variadas, havendo interfaces entre elas. Percebe-se um avanço relativo à carga horária e às estratégias de ensino-aprendizagem, porém a inserção do conteúdo em questão ainda carece de reflexão coletiva sobre a sua importância no currículo dos cursos.Concerning to the idea that the nursing history education is fundamental to the development of students of graduation course and that the way this instruction is given determines if its content provides or not the adherence to this information, this research aims to establish a network with all Nursing Schools of Santa Catarina to determine a education diagnosis of nursing history education. This may be a subsidy for a policy creation to guide the curricular reformulation of this subject, in view of the State needs. The methodology is qualitative and the initial data collection identified, from 15 nursing schools of the State, the modus operandi of the subject development along the course. An initial analysis indicates that the educational and curricular strategies are varied, and there are interfaces between them. We note an advance related to the grade hours and to learning

  14. Childhood eye care services in South Darfur State of Sudan: Learner and parent perspectives

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    Saif H. Alrasheed

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Most causes of childhood visual impairment are either treatable or preventable. Eye health education plays an important role in reducing avoidable causes of visual impairment as well as to help ensure a healthy and educated community. The main objective of this study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of the students and their parents on childhood eye services and barriers for accessing child eye care.Methods: The study was conducted in South Darfur State of Sudan between January and February 2015. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect data from eight secondary schools. Four schools for boys and four schools for girls were randomly selected from a list of 21 districts of South Darfur State and the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices surveys were conducted with the students to collect quantitative data. In addition, seven focus group discussions were conducted with the children’s parents to collect qualitative data.Results: The majority (57.5% of the students reported that they knew about refractive error; however, 33.07% reported never hearing about refractive error. About 70.3% of the respondents believed that uncorrected refractive error leads to visual impairment, 21% believed refractive error did not cause visual impairment and 30.5% reported that wearing spectacles was not effective in the treatment of refractive error. With regard to the information about eye healthcare, 88.1% of the participants reported they did not have enough information about eye care. The reported need for more information about prevention, treatment and symptoms was 34.0%, 31.4% and 17.5%, respectively. With regard to barriers, 80.6% of the students reported never having had their eyes tested. The most cited barriers were cost, fear of wearing spectacles and fear of an eye examination. In addition, 72.6% of students reported that their health insurance did not cover eye care services. Most (53.6% of the parents

  15. Physical State of the ``Bright'' South Seasonal Polar Cap From OMEGA Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doute, S.; Schmidt, F.; Schmitt, B.; Vincendon, M.; Langevin, Y.; Gondet, B.; Bibring, J.

    2009-12-01

    The composition, physical state and texture of the South Seasonal Polar Cap (SSPC) have important consequences on energy balance. The imaging spectrometer OMEGA on board Mars Express has acquired the most comprehensive set of observations to date in the near-infrared (0.93-5.1 microns) on the SSPC from mid-winter solstice (Ls=110° , December 2004) to the end of the recession at Ls=320° (November 2005) [1]. The time resolution is 3 days to one month and the spatial resolution ranges from 700m to 10 km/pixel. [1] showed that during southern spring and summer, there is a very complex evolution in terms of effective grain size of CO2 ice and contamination by dust or H2O ice. H2O ice does not play a significant role except close to the end of the recession. [2] systematically segmented the South Seasonal Polar Cap into different spectral units and tested diverse surface representations by the modeling of spectral end-members and average unit spectra. Here we focus on the “bright” part of the SSPC corresponding to spectral unit SSPC1 (I.b of [1]). Regions belonging to this unit have a very bright albedo (≈ 0.6-0.8) associated with strong CO2 ice absorption features. According to [1] such characteristics are compatible with granular CO2 deposits with grain size in the range of 5 cm implying an extremely low contamination by dust and water ice. Furthermore, from their study of a representative region at 34° E, 76° S, the albedo increases from Ls=223° up to a maximum at Ls=240° and then decreases until total disappearance of the ice. The albedo increase would require a decrease of grain size if the granular model is really relevant. However the mean free path within CO2 ice as well as its thermodynamic behavior would rather favor a porous CO2 slab model [3]. Then photometric effects could be expected that could explain the brightening. In this paper we propose to further study the physical state of the “bright” part of the SSPC and its evolution by

  16. Caracterização físico-química e microestrutural de conchas de moluscos bivalves provenientes de cultivos da região litorânea da ilha de Santa Catarina Physical chemistry and micro structural characterization of shells of bivalve mollusks from sea farmer around the Santa Catarina island

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    Denyo Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Samples of shells of oysters and mussels from sea farm around the Santa Catarina Island in south Brazil were collected and analyzed by DRX, FRX, SEM, CHN-S, FTIR, TG, AAS/Flame and AAS /GF. The results showed that the crystalline structure of mussel's shells is mainly formed by aragonite and the oyster's shells by calcite. The calcium percentage in both shells species was in the range of 33 to 35% and also 850 and 1200 mg/kg of strontium was detected in the shells of oysters and mussels, respectively. The content of organic matter was larger in the mussel's shells and the thermal degradation of both shells species occurred by three events at different temperatures from 250 to 830 ºC.

  17. Socio- Economic Analysis of Fadama Farmers in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria

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    J. A Folayan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the socio economic analysis of Fadama farmers in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. The data were collected through structured questionnaire from a sample of 100 respondents drawn from ten (10 purposively selected communities from the local Government area. The data collected was analyzed by use of percentage, frequency, descriptive statistics, gross – margin and regression analysis. The findings from the study showed that. Majority 100% of the respondents had one constraint or the other with the suggestion of new technology, adequate funding and improved input supply and provision of infrastructure to cushion their problems. The gross margin per annum of fadama farmer was N254, 000 with N21, 166.6 per month showed that fadama farming was profitable in the area of study. The regression analysis result showed that increase in the values of marital status, household size, level of that education, experience and farm size imply an will increase fadama farmers productivity while an increase in age and gender will reduce the rate of Fadama farming productivity in the study area. It was recommended that education of farmers should be encouraged while soft loan, agricultural inputs and research assistance be provided by Government. The implication findings from this study were that men were more actively involved in Fadama farming than the female, enough profit was generated to sustain the family while cooperative society was a predominant source of capital in fadama farming in the study area. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA

  18. THE STATE OF RESEARCH EQUIPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA: TOWARDS BEST PRACTICE

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    M. Piperakis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The article makes the point that instrumentation is critical to the science and technology infrastructure. Furthermore, it reports the results of a relevant national survey. Information is available for three groups – (i research councils, (ii universities, and (iii technikons, museums and government departments as one group. This level of aggregation has been chosen in order to assist in the development of recommendations related to national policy. In addition, the state of equipment in the country is compared and contrasted with those in a number of countries abroad. Although it emerges that the Research Councils in South Africa possess the largest quantity of equipment, for the purpose of this paper, focus is given to the results of the Universities group since it is felt this provides greater ease of comparison to other developing countries.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die artikel beklemtoon dat instrumentasie krities is tot die wetenskap- en tegnologieinfrastruktuur. Verder rapporteer dit resultate van ‘n toepaslike nasionale ondersoek. Informasie word verskaf volgens drie kategorië, naamlik – (i Navorsingsrade, (ii Universiteite en (iii Universiteite van Tegnologie (Tegnikons, asook Museums en Staatsdepartemente. Hierdie samestelling is gekies om te help met die ontwikkeling van voorstelle t.o.v. ‘n nasionale riglyn. Die toestand van toerusting in die land word vergelyk met dié van verskeie internasionale lande. Alhoewel dit blyk dat die Navorsingsrade in Suid-Afrika die grootste hoeveelheid toerusting besit, vir die doel van hierdie dokument, is daar klem gelê op die Universiteitsgroep, omdat dit beskou word as meer vergelykbaar met die situasie in ander ontwikkelende lande.

  19. Economic Implications of Food Demand in Akoko South West, Ondo State, Nigeria: Aids Approach

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    Adebisi Temitope Edun

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of food consuming households, estimated the complete demand functions for some selected common food commodities, their prices and expenditure elasticities in Akoko South West (ASW local government in Ondo state, Nigeria. The study examined demand analysis for food in ASW, using primary data with the use of questionnaire on some selected food-consuming households within the study area. Data collected were subjected to descriptive statistics for estimating demographic variables. The result of the descriptive statistics showed that semolina constituted the largest share of the household total food expenditure, among the low income and rural households but mostly among the married and the medium-size male-headed households who had tertiary-education. The Almost Ideal Demand System results showed that besides being a normal good, price inelastic, and expenditure inelastic, semolina has changed from being a luxury to being a necessity and has become a major food staple in the ASW metropolis. In conclusion, the study discovered that the prices of rice, beans, yam, garri, wheat, yam flour, and semolina were significantly important in the share of household total food budget at constant real income. Finally, the study showed from the result that the importance of semolina in ASW metropolis diet will increase as economic growth continues. This study therefore recommends that effort should be made to boost economic activities of ASW zone. This will increase their income and consequently improve their spending on the nutritious food items. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA

  20. Prevalência de dermatófitos na rotina de micologia em hospital particular de médio porte na cidade de Chapecó, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Ana Schoeler

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo, avaliar a prevalência no diagnóstico de dermatófitos durante o período de janeiro de 2007 à junho de 2008 no setor de micologia em hospital particular de médio porte, na cidade de Chapecó, oeste do estado de Santa Catarina. Foram coletadas 111 amostras, das quais 66 (59% apresentaram positividade pelo exame direto e cultivo da amostra biológica. Trichophyton mentagrophytes foi o fungo isolado com maior freqüência (52%, seguido pelo dermatófito T. rubrum (17%, em contrapartida dos dados literários no sul do Brasil, que preconizam T. rubrum, seguido de Microsporum canis e do T. mentagrophytes como agentes mais comumente isolados. Considerando os sítios anatômicos analisados neste trabalho, a ocorrência foi observada em 47% em amostras de unha, 43% de pele, 7% outros e 3% mistos (pele/unha. Esse estudo evidencia a importância da recorrente análise do perfil epidemiológico dos dermatófitos nas diferentes regiões do Brasil, possibilitando uma correta conduta epidemiológica de prevenção, baseada na freqüência regional das espécies causadoras das dermatomicoses. Palavras-chave: Dermatófitos. Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Santa Catarina. ABSTRACT Prevalence of dermatophyte species in routine mycological tests at a private medium-sized hospital in Chapecó city, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dermatophytes diagnosed, from January 2007 to June 2008, at the clinical mycology section of a private medium-sized hospital, in Chapecó city (Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Out of the 111 samples collected, 66 (59% gave positive results in the direct examination and culture of the biological sample. Trichophyton mentagrophytes was the most frequently isolated species (52%, followed by T. rubrum (17%, contradicting the published data on southern Brazil, which identify T. rubrum as the commonest agent in clinical specimens, followed by Microsporum canis

  1. Environmental noise and annoyance in adults: Research in central, eastern and south-eastern Europe and newly independent states

    OpenAIRE

    Jurgita Lekaviciute; Lubica Argalasova-Sobotova

    2013-01-01

    Research work on the adverse effects of noise on annoyance in adults is well documented in Western Europe, but there is a knowledge gap concerning this type of research in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), South-East Europe (SEE), and Newly Independent States (NIS). The objective of this review was to present findings and to propose future research directions for the studies on the effects of environmental noise on annoyance in adults conducted in these countries. After systematic search in a...

  2. Environmental noise and sleep disturbance: Research in central, eastern and south-eastern Europe and newly independent states

    OpenAIRE

    Gordana Ristovska; Jurgita Lekaviciute

    2013-01-01

    Countries from South-East Europe (SEE), Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and Newly Independent States (NIS) are in the process of harmonization with European environmental noise legislation. However, research work on noise and health was performed in some countries independently of harmonization process of adoption and implementation of legislation for environmental noise. Aim of this review is to summarize available evidence for noise induced sleep disturbance in population of CEE, SEE and N...

  3. Noise and childrens health: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    OpenAIRE

    Katarina Paunovic

    2013-01-01

    Many reviews have documented the adverse effects of noise on children′s health, but the international scientific community was previously unfamiliar with noise research in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), South-East Europe (SEE), and Newly Independent States (NIS). The aim of this review was to present studies on the effects of noise on children′s health, conducted in aforementioned countries in the second half of the 20 th century, interpret their findings, and criticize their methodology a...

  4. Community response to noise: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    OpenAIRE

    Sonja Jeram; Jurgita Lekaviciute; Zanda Krukle; Lubica Argalasova-Sobotova; Gordana Ristovska; Katarina Paunovic; Malgorzata Pawlaczyk-Luszczynska

    2013-01-01

    The systems of public complaints on environmental noise were reviewed in seven countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), South-East Europe (SEE), and Newly Independent States (NIS). Public complaints remain an important issue due to differences in public sensitivity to noise and due to several cases where a measurement of noise intensity does not give a satisfying solution to the problem. The unresolved problem remaining in the residential neighborhoods is the noise from pubs and restaur...

  5. Spectacle Coverage and Spectacles Use among Elderly Population in Residential Care in the South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivas Marmamula; Mei Ying Boon; L. V. Chandra Sekhar Ravuri; Khanna, Rohit C

    2013-01-01

    Background. There is limited research conducted on uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia, and spectacles use among the elderly population in residential care in developing countries such as India. We conducted a cross-sectional study among elderly in residential care to assess the spectacle coverage and spectacles usage in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Methods. All 524 residents in the 26 “homes for aged” institutions in the district were enumerated. Eye examination was perfor...

  6. Knowledge, Attitude, and Preventive Practices among Prison Inmates in Ogbomoso Prison at Oyo State, South West Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulsalam Saliu; Babatunde Akintunde

    2014-01-01

    Prisoners are at special risk for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) because of overcrowded prisons, unprotected sex and sexual assault, occurrence of sexual practices that are risky to health, unsafe injecting practices, and inadequate HIV prevention, care, and support services. This study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices towards HIV/AIDS by male inmates in Ogbomoso Prison at Oyo State, South West Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study. A ...

  7. Adoption of Improved Processing Technologies by Fish Farmers in Akure North and South Local Government Areas, Ondo State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    FELIX OLAYINKA OLADIPO; ADEGOKE ABIDEMI ADEYELU; OLUFEMI BOLARIN

    2015-01-01

    The study was conducted to determine the adoption of improved processing technologies by fish farmers in Akure North and South LGAs, Ondo state, Nigeria. A two stage sampling technique was employed to select 150 fish farmers interviewed for the study, data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Tobit regression model. Results showed that majority of the farmers (68.0%) were males with mean age of 38.5 years old. Majority (80.7%) of respondents were married while (90%) h...

  8. Plantation states : region, race, and sexuality in the cultural memory of the U.S. South, 1900-1945

    OpenAIRE

    Steeby, Elizabeth Anna

    2008-01-01

    In "Plantation States," I analyze cultural representations of plantation formations from the first half of the twentieth century, a period when "the South" operated as an imagined social landscape that galvanized post-Civil War national reconciliation and expansion as well as resistant social movements. I argue that the plantation, and the region it often symbolizes, served as a powerful site of identification that animated collective memories and provoked competing visions of progress. Conse...

  9. Socio-economic factors influencing climate change adaptation among crop farmers in Umuahia South Area of Abia State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    N. O. Anyoha; F. N. Nnadi; J. Chikaire; J. A. Echetama; C. O. Utazi; R. A. Ihenacho

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the socioeconomic factors influencing climate change adaptation among crop farmers in Umuahia South Area of Abia State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to determine socioeconomic characteristics of crop farmers in the area, determine farmers level of awareness of climate change in the area, ascertain effects of climate change in crop production, identify adaptation strategies adopted by the farmers in the area and determine socioeconomi...

  10. The State of International Humanitarian Law as a Consequence of the History of South Slavs’ Nation-Building Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Andjelić, Neven

    2013-01-01

    South Slavs have been repeatedly used as precedents for international humanitarian law and consequently have affected global developments: from the international concern over positions of Christians in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the 1870s that led to the peaceful replacement of imperial rule to the late 20th century in the NATO intervention against Serbia and Montenegro over Kosovo Albanians, which led to the creation of the newest nation-state in Europe. In addition to internal ...

  11. Comunidade de abelhas nativas (Apidae em Floresta Ombrófila Densa Montana em Santa Catarina Community of native bees (Apidae in a tropical rain forest mountain area in Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise M.D.S. Mouga

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the bee community and their associated melliferous plants in the northern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil in order to ascertain the diversity and floral interactions of the local Apidae. Twelve samplings were conducted (April 2006 to March 2007 in transects, where nets were used to capture bees directly from their flowers. Voucher specimens for both bees and plants were deposited at UNIVILLE. Diversity and equitability indexes were calculated. Our sampling effort resulted in a total of 934 bees in 72 genera and five families. Forty-four plant species belonging to 19 families were visited. A dominant family in Southern Brazil, Asteraceae, was visited most often (50% of the taxa. Nearly 20% of the plants were visited by only one bee species. Meliponina, Ceratinina and Halictinae were prevalent. The diversity of the apifauna composition (Apinae followed by Halictinae is typical for southern environments, with few abundant species and many singletons. The variation found for the equitability indexes revealed low intertaxa dominance, diversity oscillation and interspecies relative equilibrium. Values of richness and abundance indicate a transitional distribution pattern (subtropical to temperate. Rare taxa, the presence of new records for the state, and the collector's slope indicate an estimated greater richness.

  12. Use of Traditional Weather/Climate Knowledge by Farmers in the South-Western Free State of South Africa: Agrometeorological Learning by Scientists

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    Gugulethu Zuma-Netshiukhwi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The variety of natural indicators, associated with weather forecasting and climate prediction, as used by farmers in the South-Western Free State province of South Africa, is described. Most farmers in this area were not familiar with the application of weather forecasts/climate predictions for agricultural production, or with other science-based agrometeorological products. They relied almost fully on their experience and traditional knowledge for farming decision making. The indicators for traditional knowledge are demonstrated here in broad terms, relying on the stories and indications from observations and years of experience of their use by the farmers. These means of engagement with the natural environment, are skills not well understood by most scientists, but useful to the farmers. They range from the constellation of stars, animal behavior, cloud cover and type, blossoming of certain indigenous trees, appearance and disappearance of reptiles, to migration of bird species and many others. It is suggested that some short-term traditional forecasts/predictions may be successfully merged with science-based climate predictions. The traditional knowledge and its use, reported on in this paper, is what scientists learned from farmers. Berkes was right that scholars have wasted too much time and effort on a science versus traditional knowledge debate; we should reframe it instead as a science and traditional knowledge dialogue and partnership. The complications of a changing climate make this even more necessary.

  13. Simbiontes associados com Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae na Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente, Santa Catarina, Brasil Symbionts associated with Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae on Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Guisla Boehs

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Berbigões, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, de bancos naturais da Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente (SC, Brasil, foram examinados quanto a presença de simbiontes. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia e poliquetos espionídeos (Polychaeta foram observados macroscopicamente. A análise das secções histológicas evidenciou esporocistos de trematódeos (Digenea, um metacestóide (Cestoda e dois ciliados (Ciliophora.Pointed venus, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, from natural beds of Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region (SE Brazil were examined in respect of symbiotic associations. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia, and polychaete worms (Polychaeta were found by macroscopic diagnosis. By analysis of histological sections, it was noted trematode sporocysts (Digenea, a metacestode (Cestoda and two ciliates (Ciliophora.

  14. Fugas e quilombos na Ilha de Santa Catarina, século XIX

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    Martha Rebelatto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with runaway slaves in the Island of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, during the nineteenth century. The study is based on the analysis of newspaper ads reporting runaways, on the correspondence between the president of the Province of Santa Catarina and police and judicial authorities, as well as on judicial processes involving runaway slaves. We can identify an important network among slaves and between slaves and other groups in the population. The decision to run away was based on an analysis of the advantages and difficulties that the slave endured in captivity and those that he/she would find after escaping. Understanding the thought processes that led to these decisions requires a comprehension of interpersonal relations, of the specific conditions of the individual's captivity and of the surrounding society.

  15. Incidence of spiders of public health importance in Curitibanos, Santa Catarina Incidência de aranhas de importância em saúde pública em Curitibanos, Santa Catarina

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    Sandra Márcia Tietz Marques

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To provide information on the main spider species of public health importance captured in Curitibanos, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Materials and Methods: Spiders were captured from households and from a school in the rural area of Curitibanos, southern Brazil, between April and October 2008. Live spiders were collected, placed in plastic containers and sent off to the Laboratory of Biology of UNIPLAC (Lages/SC. The spiders were kept in captivity, identified and observed on a daily basis. The species were identified using a stereo microscope under which the following characteristics were analyzed: appearance of the abdomen, color, number of eyes and shape of pedipalps. After that, the spiders were classified according to species, sex, and developmental stage. Results: A total of 62 spiders of public health importance were captured. The following species were identified: Loxosceles intermedia (63%, L. laeta (16%, suborder Mygalomorphae (9.7%, Phoneutria nigriventer (6.5% and Lycosa sp. (4.8%. Spiders of the genus Loxosceles were captured from households, whereas spiders of the suborder Mygalomorphae, Phoneutria nigriventer and Lycosa sp. were captured from the school in the rural area of Curitibanos. Conclusion: The results indicate that Loxosceles was the most prevalent gender in the studied region. The study provides updated information about spiders of public health importance captured in Curitibanos.Objetivo: identificar as principais espécies de araneídeos de interesse em saúde pública, na população de Curitibanos, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Materiais e Métodos: A captura de araneídeos ocorreu entre março e novembro de 2008, em residências e em uma escola rural, no município de Curitibanos, Santa Catarina. As aranhas foram capturadas vivas, acondicionadas em recipientes plásticos e encaminhadas ao laboratório de Biologia da UNIPLAC (Lages/SC. As aranhas foram mantidas em cativeiro, identificadas e

  16. Um decênio das Secretarias de Desenvolvimento Regional em Santa Catarina: O que Mudou?

    OpenAIRE

    Juliano Giassi Goularti

    2015-01-01

    From some indicators, the article aims to examine whether after a decade the Regional of Secretariats Development (RSD) at St. Catherine decentralized Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GDP per capita, tax incentives Development Program Catarina Company and incorporated the demands of Regionalized Budget. Will also be examined whether the RSD halted the immigration process in West and moun - tainous region to the coast, as promised, but also the profile of public spending. Disreg...

  17. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Grasieli de Oliveira Ramos; Juliana Cristina Porto; Daniella Serafim Couto Vieira; Filipe Modolo Siqueira; Elena Riet Correa Rivero

    2014-01-01

    Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are lesions that develop exclusively on maxillary bones, and form a heterogeneous group. They vary from hamartomatous lesions to benign and malign tumors. Although they are rarely observed in dentistry clinics, it is extremely important for the dentist to be aware of them. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of odontogenic tumors diagnosed in the population of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cases of odontogenic tumors were selected from the ...

  18. Infestation by the Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquito in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Samara Tessaro Balsan; Marciana Frigeri de Souza; Indiana Alegransi Bones; Fatima Terezinha Castro Cechin; Caroline Constanci; Carin Guarda; Bárbara Zanchet; Deise Vanessa Friedrich; Junir Antonio Lutinski; Suzana Marta Zarychta; Maria Assunta Busato

    2013-01-01

    Dengue fever became a public health problem and it has caused concern among health professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the conditioning factors for the occurrence of dengue fever in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One analyzed the information available on the Information System on Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever (SISFAD) and conducted a survey through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to the population. The analyses indicate the association of infestation by the mosqu...

  19. PRACTICES, KNOWLEDGE AND MEMORY GUARANI IN THE CONQUEST OF LAND. AN EXPERIENCE OF CONFLICT IN THE SANTA CATARINA COAST

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    Clovis Antonio Brighenti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the analysis of the process of demarcation of the Earth Indigenous Hill of the Horses, located in the municipal district of Thatched hut, state of Santa Catarina, we will look for to understand the relationship of the Brazilian State with that indigenous population. In spite of the land still not to be in the indigenous community's definitive ownership, for legal effects she is Declared. Along the process, that he/she had beginning in 1993, the indigenous community's participation has been decisive in the conquest of new stages and in the definition of the current limits. Interferences of several orders have been generating tensions and disturbances in the community, besides exposing the group and the demarcation process to the national public opinion, when a magazine of national circulation made reference to the group how being foreign. It is in that context that we will look for to analyze the process of conquest of the earth and conquest of the citizenship.

  20. Child Physical Abuse Prevalence, Characteristics, Predictors, and Beliefs about Parent-Child Violence in South Asian, Middle Eastern, East Asian, and Latina Women in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maker, Azmaira H.; Shah, Priti V.; Agha, Zia

    2005-01-01

    The present study examined the prevalence, characteristics, beliefs, and demographic predictors of parent-child physical violence among South Asian, Middle Eastern, East Asian, and Latina women in the United States. Two hundred fifty-one college-educated women from a middle to high SES (South Asian/Middle Eastern, n = 93; East Asian, n = 72;…

  1. Poder e igualdade: as relações de gênero entre sindicalistas rurais de Chapecó, Santa Catarina Power and equality: the relations of gender between agricutural syndicalists Chapecó, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdete Boni

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A participação das mulheres na direção dos sindicatos, incluindo o Sindicato de Trabalhadores Rurais, tem aumentado nos últimos anos. O movimento sindical rural, historicamente masculino, não aceitava mulheres associadas até início dos anos 1980. Hoje, as mulheres vêm ocupando cargos nas direções executivas, o que não significa que os sindicatos tenham mudado suas práticas discriminatórias. Neste texto analiso as relações de gênero e poder que envolvem homens e mulheres dirigentes no oeste do estado de Santa Catarina. Mesmo com a abertura do espaço sindical para as mulheres e a instauração da cota mínima de 30% de participação feminina estabelecida pela CUT, não há muitas mulheres nos cargos de direção. Elas ficam 'escondidas' nos quadros de apoio, ou não participam igualmente, já que o sindicato não evoluiu quanto às suas práticas cotidianas, ainda discriminatórias. É uma batalha constante aliar reivindicações de classe à busca por igualdade de gênero e poder. Às vezes, as mulheres precisam escolher uma das bandeiras.The participation of the women in the direction of the unions, including Agricultural Workers, has increased in recent years. Until the 80's, the agricultural syndical movement, specially male, did not accept women associates. Nowadays, women are occupying positions in the executive directory but it does not mean that the unions have changed its pratical discriminatory. This paper presents an analysis concernig gender and power, i.e., a relation between men and women leadership in the west of Santa Catarina State. In spite of improving their participation in the unions and to be established by CUT that 30% of the minimum quota should be women, there are not enough women in the directory positions. They are effectly ocuppying administrative positions or they do not participate equally since the union did not improve its discriminatory participation. It is a frequently war to combine class

  2. Prevalência de Fatores de risco cardiovascular em adultos de Luzerna, Santa Catarina, 2006 Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in adults living in Luzerna, Santa Catarina, in 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Rogério Nunes Filho

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovasculares na população adulta do município de Luzerna, Santa Catarina. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com adultos de 20 a 59 anos (n = 411, de ambos os sexos. Foi estimada a prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes, dislipidemia, obesidade, circunferência abdominal alterada e tabagismo. Realizou-se a distribuição de freqüência simples das variáveis de interesse e teste de associação do Qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: A taxa de resposta foi igual a 85,9%. As seguintes prevalências foram encontradas: hipertensão arterial sistêmica: 14,7%; diabetes: 2,3%; dislipidemia: 18,7%; obesidade: 15,6%; circunferência abdominal alterada: 24,1%; e tabagismo: 15,6%. Verificamos que 52,4% dos indivíduos não possuíam nenhum dos fatores de risco; 22,4% apresentavam um fator e 13,6%, 6,8%, e 4,9% apresentavam dois, três e quatro ou mais fatores associados, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: A população analisada apresentou prevalências baixas de hipertensão, diabetes e menor agrupamento de fatores de risco em um mesmo indivíduo, quando comparada a outros dados relatados na literatura.OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Luzerna, in the state of Santa Catarina. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with adults of both genders aged 20 to 59 years (n = 411. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, increased waist circumference, and smoking was estimated. Study variables were checked for frequency distribution, and a chi-square test for association was performed. RESULTS: The response rate was 85.9%. The following prevalences were found: hypertension: 14.7%; diabetes: 2.3%; dyslipidemia: 18.7%; obesity: 15.6%; increased waist circumference: 24.1%; and smoking: 15.6%. A total of 52.4% of the subjects had none of the risk factors; 22.4% had one risk factor, and 13.6%, 6.8%, and 4.9% had two, three, and

  3. Honey Bees of Santa Catarina, Brazil, have only African mitochondrial DNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Lopes-da-Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available As diferenças entre a subspécie de abelha africana (Apis mellifera scutellata e as subspécies europeias (Apis mellifera mellifera e Apis mellifera ligustica nos quesitos comportamento higiênico e agressividade são marcantes. Diferenças acentuadas no comportamento higiênico entre colônias de abelhas foram relatadas em Santa Catarina, Brasil. Suspeitou-se que essas diferenças fossem devidas a um possível fluxo gênico entre as abelhas africanizadas brasileiras e as abelhas europeias da Argentina. Amostras de abelhas de 30 localidades de Santa Catarina foram analisadas por meio do uso de um marcador PCR-RFLP do DNA mitocondrial específico para identificação da origem da linhagem maternal. Os resultados indicaram ausência de linhagem materna de origem europeia em Santa Catarina. Baseando-se em hipóteses e resultados de trabalhos anteriores, conclui-se que não há fluxo gênico entre as populações das diferentes subespécies. O resultado também reforça que a eliminação do DNA maternal europeu é um indicativo de ineficácia de introduções de abelhas de subespécies europeias, no Brasil, com propósitos de melhoramento do atributo agressividade.

  4. The Impact of Immunization Control Activities on Measles Outbreaks in Akwa Ibom State, South-South, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassey Enya B

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The increase of vaccination rates means that fewer children will be vulnerable to vaccine preventable diseases such as measles, which will invariably result in a drop in the infant mortality and morbidity rates. Objective: To assess the impact of the implementation of measles reduction strategies from 2006 to 2008 using the quarterly national program for immunization (NPI in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria. Method: Following informed consent, individuals presenting with febrile rash illnesses were routinely bled and tested for measles specific IgM using commercially available ELISA kit-MV-ELISA (Enzygnost; Behring Diagnostics, Marburg, Germany in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Results: A total of four hundred and four individuals comprising of 216 vaccinated and 188 unvaccinated, presenting with febrile rash illness were screened for measles specific IgM antibodies as indication of active infection between January 2006 and December 2008 out of which 122 (30.2% had detectable levels of measles antibodies. Among the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups, 32 (14.8% and 90 (47.9% respectively were detected with measles IgM antibodies. The highest and lowest antibody levels were detected in 2006 (vaccinated: 54.7%; unvaccinated: 78.4% and 2008 (vaccinated: 1.2%; unvaccinated: 12% respectively. The distribution of measles burden by year show an overall decline in prevalence from 70% in 2006, 8.9% in 2007 to 3.7% in 2008. While, children under the age of 5 similarly had a decline in measles incidence of 73.3%, 10.7% and 3.3% respectively. Sex distribution of infection within the 3-year period shows that more females (37.4% than males (21.2% expressed measles IgM antibodies, and active infection was detected more in the rural (31.4% than urban area (27.7%. However, findings indicate a tremendous decline in active infection in the rural areas from 67% in 2006 to 0% in 2008, and in the urban areas from 78% in 2006 to 9.3% in 2008

  5. Redescription of Hanleya brachyplax (Polyplacophora, Hanleyidae from the south-southeastern Brazilian coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime A. Jardim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Hanleya brachyplax Simone & Jardim in Rios, 2009 is described in detail. The species occurs off the southeastern and south coast of Brazil (São Paulo and Santa Catarina states in depths from 250 to 408 m. It differs from its congeners in having uniform white valves; wide intermediate valves; the tail valve with straight profile in the antemucronal area, and a concave postmucronal surface; and a cream-colored girdle, covered by non-articulated spines. An anatomical investigation was also performed, showing the main muscle groups; the presence of gills in the posterior third of the pallial groove; auricle with six orifices; a very flat kidney, restricted to the posterior half of the animal; and a simple esophageal region. The odontophore has a single pair of long cartilages. The buccal musculature is also described.Hanleya brachyplax Simone & Jardim in Rios, 2009 é descrita em detalhes. A espécie ocorre entre as costas Sul e Sudeste do Brasil (Estados de São Paulo e Santa Catarina em profundidades de 250 a 408 m. Se diferenciando das espécies do mesmo gênero por apresentar valvas uniformemente brancas; valvas intermediarias largas; valva anal com a região antemucronal reta e região postmucronal suavemente concava; cinturão creme, revestido de espinhos não articulados. Um estudo anatômico foi realizado, evidenciando os principais grupos musculares; restrição dos filamentos branquiais à região posterior da cavidade palial; aurículas com seis orifícios; rim achatado e restrito a porção posterior do animal; região esofágica simples. O odontóforo composto por um par de cartilagens simples. Musculatura da massa bucal é também descrita.

  6. Chemical, mineralogical and ceramic properties of clays from Northern Santa Catarina, Brazil; Caracterizaco fisico-quimica de argilas da regiao norte de Santa Catarina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, S.L.; Bloot, E.L.; Folgueras, M.V., E-mail: sivaldo@joinville.udesc.b [Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC/CCT), Joinville, SC (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Tecnologicas; Hotza, D. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC/EQA), Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica

    2009-07-01

    Clay materials crop out in the northern Santa Catarina mining district were investigated in order to assess their potential in the ceramic industry. Four different clays (A, B, C and D) were selected. Their chemical composition was obtained by Xray fluorescence and their mineralogy by X-ray diffraction, coupled with numerical rational analysis. Their thermal behaviour was studied by differential thermal analysis. Technological testing consisted in a simulation of the industrial processing performed at a laboratory scale. The test pieces were obtained by pressing and fired in the range of 850-1200 deg C. In each case their technological properties were studied. The main mineralogical phases detected were kaolinite, quartz and mica. Hematite and feldspars may be present in the clays. The clays show two groups of particle sizes almost equally frequent in the range of 1 to 60 {mu}m. The northern Santa Catarina clays are suitable for the production of bricks and earthenware in the 900- 1100 deg C range. (author)

  7. Colonização de ecótopos artificiais pelo Panstrongylus megistus na ilha de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Colonization of artificial ecotopes by Panstrongylus megistus at Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Steindel

    1994-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando verificar a colonização de Panstrongylus megistus em ecótopos artificiais em Florianópolis foram examinados, de 1985 a 1992, 779 anexos peridomiciliares (524 galinheiros, 46 currais e 209 ranchos em 9 localidades e 443 domicílios no distrito de Lagoa, todos na Ilha de Santa Catarina. Todo o ecótopo, incluindo forro e porão das casas, era examinado após aplicação de líquido insentífugo (Pirisa a 5%. A pesquisa nos anexos peri-domiciliares revelou 3 galinheiros e um rancho positivo no distrito de Lagoa, onde foram também encontrados 2 domicílios colonizados pelo P. megistus, com a captura de ovos, ninfas e adultos em todos os ecótopos. Pesquisas dirigidas foram realizadas em dois outros domicílios e em uma escola, nos quais os moradores haviam detectado anteriormente exemplares de P. megistus e, em todos os 3, foi confirmada a colonização pelo triatomíneo. Nos 9 ecótopos artificiais foram coletados 559 ovos, 305 ninfas e 24 adultos de P. megistus, com um índice de infecção pelo T. cruzi de 53,3% (182/329. Índice de infecção semelhante, de 56,5% (78/ 138, foi também encontrado nos adultos de P. megistus oriundos dos ecótopos silvestres e capturados nos domicílios pelos moradores, no período de 1983 a 1991. Os testes de precipitina revelaram, em 94,0% dos insetos examinados (170/181, sangue de uma única fonte alimentar e presença de sangue humano em 80,6% (25/31 dos adultos e em 5,8% (1/17 das ninfas capturados nos domicílios. Os resultados encontrados sugerem a necessidade de adoção de medidas de vigilância epidemiológica com a participação da comunidade, face o risco potencial de domiciliação do P. megistus.The aim of this work was to verify the colonization of Panstrongylus megistus on artificial ecotopes in Florianópolis, in the Santa Catarina Island, South Brazil. For this purpose 443 houses of the Lagoa district and 779 house annexes (524 chicken-houses, 46 corrals and 209 storage-houses in

  8. South Eastern Baltic radioactive state in 1971-1995, its simulation, prediction, imitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Long - term observation results of radionuclides and volume activity (VA) in the Baltic Sea water were analysed. Radiological situations in the coastal zone and the open area of the south-eastern Baltic were observed. The objective analysis method was used to define the radionuclide VA field structure. Thee measured and calculated results of and VA field comparison in the south-eastern Baltic was satisfactory. According to the nuclear hydrophysical model an imitated situation of a 'passive' admixture spreading calculation in the south-eastern Baltic was carried out. In the case of the 'pollution' source concentration 106 times exceeding the 'natural' background at the western wind velocity 10 m/s, the whole coastal area of Lithuania would be contaminated in three days. (author). 7 figs., 2 tabs., 8 refs

  9. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL HOLDER RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN EBONYI STATE SOUTH EAST, NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nwaobiala C.U.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Economic analysis of Upland and Swamp rice production in Ebonyi State, South east Nigeria was studied and analyzed in 2011 farming season. Purposive and multistage random sampling technique was used to select agricultural blocks, circles and rice farmers. The sample size was 240 rice farmers (120 Agricultural Development Programme (ADP Upland rice contact farmers and 120 Agricultural Development Programme (ADP Swamp contact rice farmers. Data for the analysis were collected from a structured questionnaire. The result indicates that mean ages of upland rice farmers was 37.3 years while swamp rice farmers had 39.2 years. The mean farming experience for both farmers were 8.5 years (upland rice farmers and 8.8 years (swamp rice farmers with farm sizes of 1.2 and 1.1 hectares for upland rice farmers and swamp rice farmers respectively. Upland rice farmers had an annual farm income of 189,410.00 NGN (1,222USD as against 201,166.00 NGN (1,297.85USD for Swamp rice farmers. The multiple regression (Cobb Douglas estimates of the determinants of output of upland rice showed that coefficients age, farming experience, farm size, variable inputs and farm income were positively signed at given levels of probability while capital inputs was negative. The Cobb Douglas regression estimates of the determinants of output of Swamp rice showed that the coefficients of education, labour cost, farm size, variable inputs and farm income were positively signed and significant at given levels of probability as well as capital inputs which was negative. The result indicates that net profit from Upland rice cultivation was 92,800.00 NGN (598.71USD with a Benefit Cost Ratio of N1.55 (1.56USD. The net profit from Swamp rice cultivation was 132,090.00 NGN (852.19USD and a Benefit Cost Ratio of 1.75 NGN (1.75USD. Access to credit to rice farmers, subsidy on farm inputs, dissemination of improved rice technologies by extension agents and formation of farmer groups were advocated

  10. Didymosphenia geminata invasion in South America: Ecosystem impacts and potential biogeochemical state change in Patagonian rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Brian; Torres, Rodrigo

    2014-01-01

    The diatom Didymosphenia geminata has emerged as a major global concern, as both an aggressive invader of rivers and streams in the southern hemisphere, and for its ability to form nuisance blooms in oligotrophic systems in its native range. South American D. geminata blooms were first documented in Chilean Patagonia in May 2010, and have spread to over five regions and three provinces, in Chile and Argentina respectively. The Patagonian invasion represents a distinct challenge compared to other regions; not only are affected systems poorly characterized, but also a general synthesis of the nature and magnitude of ecosystem impacts is still lacking. The latter is essential in evaluating impacts to ecosystem services, forms the basis for a management response that is proportional to the potentially valid threats, or aids in the determination of whether action is warranted or feasible. Based on a revision of the recent literature, some of the most significant impacts may be mediated through physical changes: substantially increased algal biomass, trapping of fine sediment, altered hydrodynamics, and consequent effects on biogeochemical states and processes such as redox condition, pH and nutrient cycling in the benthic zone. Surveys conducted during the early invasion in Chile show a strong correlation between benthic biomass and associated fine sediments, both of which were one-two orders of magnitude higher within D. geminata blooms. Experimental phosphorous amendments showed significant abiotic uptake, while interstitial water in D. geminata mats had nearly 10-20 fold higher soluble reactive phosphorous and a pronounced pH cycle compared to the water column. A dominant and aggressive stalk-forming diatom with this combination of characteristics is in sharp contrast to the colonial cyanobacteria and bare gravel substrate that characterize many Patagonian streams. The potential displacement of native benthic algal communities with contrasting functional groups

  11. Islam, secularist government, and state-civil society interaction in Mozambique and South Africa since 1994

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaarsholm, Preben

    2015-01-01

    This article explores state–civil society interactions in Mozambique and South Africa with a focus on Islamic groupings, and places the two countries within an Indian Ocean coastal continuum of links to East Africa, India, and the Arab world. Contrasting the histories of dominant-party rule since...... spaces for accommodation of Islamic groups that have been created in South Africa with the more radical secularism that has been in place in post-Independence Mozambique. Finally, the article discusses the effects of this contrast on possibilities for stability and democratic consolidation in the context...

  12. South Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    South Korea aspires to become a major nuclear supplier in the world nuclear market. There is no doubt that South Korea has great potential to fulfill these aspirations. South Korea is well positioned in terms of competitiveness, market relationships, institutional capability, ability to deliver, and commitment to nonproliferation values. As a mercantilist state, South Korea hopes to capitalize on its close relationships with transnational nuclear corporations in this endeavor. It hopes to participate in two- or three-way joint ventures---especially with the American firms that have traditionally predominated in the South Korean domestic nuclear business---to market their nuclear wares abroad. This paper is divided into four parts. The first section describes South Korea's intent to become a nuclear supplier in the 1990s. It delineates the networks of prior transactions and relationships that South Korea may use to penetrate export markets. The second section reviews South Korea's nuclear export potential, particularly its technological acquisitions from the domestic nuclear program. These capabilities will determine the rate at which South Korea can enter specific nuclear markets. The third section describes the institutional framework in South Korea for the review and approval of nuclear exports

  13. 77 FR 13495 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... November 22, 2011 (76 FR 72142), EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the California SIP....

  14. 75 FR 61367 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... (64 FR 33018). The SCAQMD adopted revisions to the SIP- approved version on December 6, 2002, December...); 69 FR 69298 (Nov. 29, 2004). EPA believes Rule 1113's exemption does not present a disapproval...

  15. 77 FR 66780 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... earlier version of Rule 1113 into the SIP on August 17, 2011 (76 FR 50891). The SCAQMD adopted revisions... FR 51735, October 4, 1993); does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions...

  16. 77 FR 58076 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Amendments of 1990,'' 57 FR 13498 (April 16, 1992); 57 FR 18070 (April 28, 1992). 4. ``Implementation of the... 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not impose an information collection burden under...

  17. 76 FR 41717 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... taking direct final action to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... 1144 into the SIP on 7/14/ 2010 (75 FR 40726). C. What is the purpose of the submitted rules? VOCs help... Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not impose an...

  18. 78 FR 59249 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Action On June 24, 2013 (78 FR 37757), EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the California... 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); does not impose an information collection burden under...

  19. 78 FR 7703 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ...'' subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October.... SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD... July 1, 2002 (67 FR 44062). SCAQMD adopted revisions to the SIP-approved version on April 1, 2011...

  20. 78 FR 18244 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ...'' subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Action On November 7, 2012 (77 FR 66780), EPA proposed to approve the following rule into the...

  1. 75 FR 32293 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ...'' subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October... taking direct final action to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... rules? We approved an earlier version of Rule 218 into the SIP on July 6, 1982 (47 FR 29231). The...

  2. 76 FR 50128 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. Proposed Action On May 27, 2011 (76 FR 30896),...

  3. 78 FR 18853 - Revision to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not... taking direct final action to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); ] Is not an economically significant regulatory...

  4. 76 FR 70888 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the.... Proposed Action On July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41744), EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the... (76 FR 41717), EPA also published a direct final approval of these rules. Because we received...

  5. 78 FR 30768 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Order Reviews I. Proposed Action On February 13, 2013 (78 FR 7703), EPA proposed to approve the... 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not impose an information collection burden under...

  6. 77 FR 32398 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... taking direct final action to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... approved an earlier version of Rule 1156 into the SIP on March 10, 2008 (72 FR 12639). SCAQMD adopted a... Preamble for the Implementation of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990,'' 57 FR 13498 (April...

  7. 76 FR 78829 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993... taking direct final action to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... Approved FR citation 2005 New Source Review for 05/06/2005 10/20/2005 08/29/2006, 71 FR RECLAIM. 51120...

  8. 76 FR 40303 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... proposing a limited approval and limited disapproval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management... version of Rule 1146 into the SIP on April 8, 2008 (67 FR 16640) and of Rule 1146.1 on September 6, 1995 (60 FR 46220). C. What is the purpose of the submitted rule revisions? NO X helps produce...

  9. 75 FR 46845 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... taking direct final action to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... earlier version of Rule 1111 into the SIP on May 3, 1984 (49 FR 18830). C. What is the purpose of the...; Proposed Rule,'' (the NO X Supplement), 57 FR 55620, November 25, 1992. 2. ``Issues Relating to...

  10. 76 FR 30896 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the.... Rule title Adopted Submitted Approved FR citation 2002 Allocations for 01/07/2005 12/21/2005 08/29/2006, 71 FR 51120 Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX) and Oxides of Sulfur (SOX). C. What is the purpose of...

  11. 76 FR 72142 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the California... on November 14, 2005 (70 FR 69081). The SCAQMD adopted a revision to the SIP-approved version on...

  12. 75 FR 25775 - Disapproval of State Implementation Plan Revisions, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... finalizing disapproval of a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of... IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. Proposed Action On September 8, 2009 (74 FR 46044), EPA... 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and is therefore not subject to review under the EO. B....

  13. 78 FR 37757 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); does not... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... versions of Rule 444 and Rule 445 into the SIP on April 8, 2002 (67 FR 16644) and June 11, 2009 (74...

  14. Temperament Styles of Children in South Korea and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Hun; Oakland, Thomas; Ahn, Changgu

    2010-01-01

    Temperament styles of 4,628 South Korean children, ages 9-17, are described in reference to possible gender and age differences and compared with those of 3,200 US age peers in the light of Jung's theory of temperament as modified by Myers and Briggs, one that highlights four bipolar qualities: extroversion-introversion, practical-imaginative,…

  15. 76 FR 47074 - Revision to the California State Implementation Plan; South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not impose... taking direct final action to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District... Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1175, adopted on November 5, 2010, and submitted by...

  16. 78 FR 5305 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Order Reviews I. Proposed Action On September 19, 2012 (77 FR 58076), EPA proposed to approve the... and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not impose an...

  17. Agroecologia e relazione con “l’altra”. Appunti di un’etnografia collaborativa con il movimento di donne contadine in Santa Catarina (Brasile - Agroecology and the relation with “the other”: notes on a collaborative ethnography with the movement of peasant women in Santa Catarina - (Br

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariateresa Muraca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a collaborative ethnography about political and pedagogical practices of the Movement of Peasant Women in Santa Catarina (Brazil. In particular, it investigates the educational potential of the agroecological practices and reflections developed by the movement, in order to rethink the “negated relation” between the peasants of European origin and the native population, into the social-political-cultural context of the State of Santa Catarina. After a brief reference to the background of the study about the educational practices of the social movements, the author presents her research and focuses on the political, ethical and methodological implications of an investigation with a social movement. How can the identification with the struggles of the social movement contribute to the research? In which way, is it possible to promote the reciprocity in all stages of the survey? Can the discussion about the researcher’s interpretations with her interlocutors promote any non-individualistic modalities of ethnographic writing?

  18. Marine biodiversity in South Africa: an evaluation of current states of knowledge.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles L Griffiths

    Full Text Available Continental South Africa has a coastline of some 3,650 km and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ of just over 1 million km(2. Waters in the EEZ extend to a depth of 5,700 m, with more than 65% deeper than 2,000 m. Despite its status as a developing nation, South Africa has a relatively strong history of marine taxonomic research and maintains comprehensive and well-curated museum collections totaling over 291,000 records. Over 3 million locality records from more than 23,000 species have been lodged in the regional AfrOBIS (African Ocean Biogeographic Information System data center (which stores data from a wider African region. A large number of regional guides to the marine fauna and flora are also available and are listed. The currently recorded marine biota of South Africa numbers at least 12,914 species, although many taxa, particularly those of small body size, remain poorly documented. The coastal zone is relatively well sampled with some 2,500 samples of benthic invertebrate communities have been taken by grab, dredge, or trawl. Almost none of these samples, however, were collected after 1980, and over 99% of existing samples are from depths shallower than 1,000 m--indeed 83% are from less than 100 m. The abyssal zone thus remains almost completely unexplored. South Africa has a fairly large industrial fishing industry, of which the largest fisheries are the pelagic (pilchard and anchovy and demersal (hake sectors, both focused on the west and south coasts. The east coast has fewer, smaller commercial fisheries, but a high coastal population density, resulting in intense exploitation of inshore resources by recreational and subsistence fishers, and this has resulted in the overexploitation of many coastal fish and invertebrate stocks. South Africa has a small aquaculture industry rearing mussels, oysters, prawns, and abalone-the latter two in land-based facilities. Compared with many other developing countries, South Africa has a well

  19. Marine biodiversity in South Africa: an evaluation of current states of knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Charles L; Robinson, Tamara B; Lange, Louise; Mead, Angela

    2010-01-01

    Continental South Africa has a coastline of some 3,650 km and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of just over 1 million km(2). Waters in the EEZ extend to a depth of 5,700 m, with more than 65% deeper than 2,000 m. Despite its status as a developing nation, South Africa has a relatively strong history of marine taxonomic research and maintains comprehensive and well-curated museum collections totaling over 291,000 records. Over 3 million locality records from more than 23,000 species have been lodged in the regional AfrOBIS (African Ocean Biogeographic Information System) data center (which stores data from a wider African region). A large number of regional guides to the marine fauna and flora are also available and are listed. The currently recorded marine biota of South Africa numbers at least 12,914 species, although many taxa, particularly those of small body size, remain poorly documented. The coastal zone is relatively well sampled with some 2,500 samples of benthic invertebrate communities have been taken by grab, dredge, or trawl. Almost none of these samples, however, were collected after 1980, and over 99% of existing samples are from depths shallower than 1,000 m--indeed 83% are from less than 100 m. The abyssal zone thus remains almost completely unexplored. South Africa has a fairly large industrial fishing industry, of which the largest fisheries are the pelagic (pilchard and anchovy) and demersal (hake) sectors, both focused on the west and south coasts. The east coast has fewer, smaller commercial fisheries, but a high coastal population density, resulting in intense exploitation of inshore resources by recreational and subsistence fishers, and this has resulted in the overexploitation of many coastal fish and invertebrate stocks. South Africa has a small aquaculture industry rearing mussels, oysters, prawns, and abalone-the latter two in land-based facilities. Compared with many other developing countries, South Africa has a well-conserved coastline

  20. Processos de aprendizagem de empresas inovadoras em aglomerações produtivas: uma análise exploratória dos dados da Pintec para Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Felipe Bittencourt

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In neo-Schumpeterian current literature, which emphasizes the process of innovation as a systemic phenomenon, there is a prominent line of research that highlights geographical proximity as a stimulus to learning processes that can boost the competitiveness of firms, particularly, their technological strategies. The local environment is "exploited" by the individual firm according to its accumulated skills and their current learning strategies. In this article, using a special regionalized tabulation data from the Brazilian Innovation survey (PINTEC, II, we make inferences regarding local processes of learning of innovative firms included in 9 (nine industrial agglomerations in the state of Santa Catarina. The results show the location as a central component to the better learning processes.

  1. Registro de Acromyrmex disciger Mayr, 1887 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae em Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Lauraceae no Município de Braço do Trombudo, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Pikart

    2010-11-01

    Abstract. Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae is cultivated for production of leaves, bark and roots, due to its aromatic and spice proprieties. But despite being a resistant plant, C. zeylanicum is subject to attack by various insects and mites during their development, and these pests are responsible for considerable reduction in crop yields. The aim of this study was to record and characterize the attack by leaf-cutting ants in plants of C. zeylanicum in Braço do Trombudo, Santa Catarina State, Brazil between January and March 2010. Damage were characterized by cutting young leaves and shoots of plants of C. zeylanicum with height between 1.0 to 1.5 m and total defoliation of plants less than 1.0 m. The attack in adult plants was not observed. This is the first record of leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex disciger Mayr damaging plants of C. zeylanicum in Brazil.

  2. Avifauna in forest fragments of the Atlantic Rainforest in the south of Espírito Santo state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Rossano Dario

    2010-01-01

    This study was carried out in forest fragments located in the Atlantic Rainforest, in the town of Anchieta, south of Espírito Santo State, Brazil (located at latitude 20o40’S to 20o48’S, longitude 40o34’W to 40o42’W), along the seasons of 2008. The main objective of the study was to analyze the groups of birds that were affected by the forest fragmentation and the degree of isolation of these areas. The method used to register the avifauna specimens was the technique of observation per fixed ...

  3. Proposed conservation plan for the black rhinoceros Diceros bicomis in South Africa, the TBVC* states and Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.M. Brooks

    1989-10-01

    Full Text Available Selected Papers from the Rhinoceros Conservation Workshop, Skukuza, Kruger National Park,31 August – 4 September 1988 The conservation plan for the black rhinoceros presents specific aims and management guidelines for the conservation of the African black rhinoceros Diceros bicomis in the Republic of South Africa, the TBVC states and Namibia. The adoption of this plan, and the application of the strategies described therein (managing existing populations, establishing new populations and aspects of captive breeding by the relevant conservation authorities should enhance the survival prospects of this species, both in the region and globally.

  4. Environmental noise and cardiovascular disease in adults: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    OpenAIRE

    L′ubica Argalášová-Sobotová; Jurgita Lekaviciute; Sonja Jeram; L′udmila Ševcíková; Jana Jurkovicová

    2013-01-01

    The adverse effects of noise on health have been intensely explored in the past 50 years. However, the scope of research conducted in the Central and Eastern Europe, South-East Europe, and Newly Independent States is not well-known. The aim of this review was to present studies on cardiovascular effects of environmental noise in adults published since 1965 and to point out the most important issues that need to be addressed in the future. More than 100 papers on noise and health and about 20 ...

  5. The Rural Developmental State: Modernization Campaigns and Peasant Politics in China, Taiwan and South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Looney, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes the causes of rural development in East Asia, as well as the relative success or failure of rural development policies among East Asian countries, providing detailed case studies of China, Taiwan, and South Korea. These countries exhibit a range of variation on the dependent variable, rural development, which is defined as improvements in rural living standards, agricultural production and the village environment. Taiwan in the 1950s-1970s is the most successful cas...

  6. Security dynamics in the South Atlantic: Brazil and the United States in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Seabra

    2013-01-01

    This article acknowledges the international community’s growing concern over the new security dynamics currently brewing in the South Atlantic, and the potential upgrade of this area on the internationalsecurity agenda. By building on both old and new threats in the background interest being displayed by such countries as Brazil and the US towards this specific area, and by highlighting these two countries’ political-strategic interests in Africa, this article provides an accurate portrait of...

  7. Surviving Unemployment without State Support: Unemployment and Household Formation in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Klasen, Stephan; Woolard, Ingrid

    2000-01-01

    High unemployment in many OECD countries is often attributed, at least in part, to the generosity and long duration of unemployment compensation. It is therefore instructive to examine a country where high unemployment exists despite the near complete absence of an unemployment insurance system. In South Africa unemployment stood at 23% in 1997 and the unemployed have no unemployment insurance nor informal sector activities to fall back on. This paper examines how the unemployed are able to g...

  8. The State of the Labour Market in South Africa after the First Decade of Democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Rulof Burger; Ingrid Woolard

    2005-01-01

    While the political transition to democratic rule in South Africa was smooth and rapid, the economic transition has been slow and difficult. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the labour market. Job creation has not matched the growing labour supply and the unemployment rate continues to rise. This paper attempts to document and identify the key trends in labour force participation, unemployment and employment so as to better understand the factors that drive the performance of the labour ...

  9. Community participation and childhood immunization coverage: A comparative study of rural and urban communities of Bayelsa State, south-south Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalamawei Itimi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Immunization coverage rates in Nigeria have remained very poor, in spite of numerous programs and strategies, specifically designed to improve coverage. This study was to assess the possible effects of greater community participation on immunization coverage, by comparing the immunization coverage in a rural community with a functional community health committee, with an urban community, with no distinct community structure. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in Ondewari, a rural, riverine community, in Bayelsa State; and Yenagoa, the capital of Bayelsa State, south-south Nigeria; using a cross-sectional, comparative study design. The data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, administered on female head of households in both communities, with under-five children; and used to collect information on the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, the immunization status of children in the household below the age of 2 years, and reasons for none and incomplete immunization. Results: A total of 288 respondents were studied in the rural community, while 270 respondents were studied in the urban center. The respondents in the urban center were significantly younger (P<0.01, better educated (P<0.001, and had fewer number of children (P<0.01. The immunization status of children in the rural community was significantly better than those in the urban community (P<0.000. Only 11.46% of the children in the rural community were not immunized, compared to 47.04% in the urban community. However, the dropout rate in the rural community was much higher; with a DPT dropout rate of 77.34%, compared to 12.39% in the urban community. Most of the reasons given in the urban community for the incomplete immunization were linked lack of motivation, and include relocation (11.34% and the adverse rumor about childhood immunization (17.23%, while the reasons in the rural community were mostly health

  10. A Comparison of Consumersâ Store Patronage Between South Korea and the United States: Suggestions for the Marketing Strategy of the South Korean Discount Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sook-Hyun

    2000-01-01

    Since 1997, the retail industry of South Korea has suffered a decline in sales due to the nationâ s financial crisis. Because of the increase of price consciousness, discount stores have become the stores most attractive to South Korean consumers. The purpose of this study was to (a) compare the differences between South Korean and the U.S. consumers in demographics, shopping orientation, perception of the importance of store and product attributes, and store evaluation, satisfaction and pat...

  11. Pronóstico De Mesoescala De Un Evento De Noviembre De 2008 En Santa Catarina Mesoscale forescasting of an event of novenber 2008 in Santa Catharina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Martins Costa do Amaral

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La gran disponibilidad de vapor de agua en los niveles inferiores de la atmósfera, advectada sobre la costa de la provincia de Santa Catarina por el anticiclón semiestacionario del Océano Atlántico, favoreció períodos frecuentes de lluvia durante el mes de noviembre de 2008. La exploración del evento extremo ocurrido en Santa Catarina, que se caracterizó por un intenso bloqueo en niveles altos, se realizó con pronósticos de los modelos del mesoescala MM5 y WRF. Estos modelos fueron procesados con muy alta resolución espacial, abarcando toda la región afectada por el evento severo. La temperatura de la superficie del mar presentaba anomalías positivas de temperatura a lo largo de la costa de Santa Catarina, favoreciendo la transferencia de calor latente hacia la atmósfera, con su posterior advección hacia la zona continental. Los resultados obtenidos con los modelos son consistentes con las observaciones, aunque fuertemente dependientes de la resolución horizontal de los mismos.The large availability of water vapor at low levels of the atmosphere, advected into the coastal region of Santa Catharina State by the Atlantic Ocean semi-stationary anticyclone, provided the frequent and copious rainfall during the November, 2008. One of the most extreme event occurred in Santa Catharina coastal zone, when a quite strong blocking formed at high levels of the atmosphere is explored processing both, the MM5 and WRF mesoscale models. These models were processed with very high spatial resolution domains, covering the entire region affected by the severe event. The sea surface temperature field revealed that there was a large core on Atlantic waters with quite high temperatures along the coast of Santa Catharina, which enhanced the vertical integrated latent heat supply into the continental region by the winds. The models forecasting results showed consistent results with the observations, as well as an indication that coherences are directly

  12. Avaliando a contaminação por elementos traço em atividades de maricultura: resultados parciais de um estudo de caso realizado na ilha de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Curtius Adilson J.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Adopting the perspective of human health risk assessment, an interdisciplinary research group has been investigating since 1998 the quality of mussels and oysters cultivated in coastal zones of Santa Catarina State. Evaluation of physico-chemical parameters considered relevant in measuring the degree of eutrophication showed values compatible with the dynamics of well balanced environmental systems. Concentrations of metallic and semi-metallic elements in seawater and bivalves were found to be similar to or lower than those found in Chile, Greenland and the USA. Further investigations focusing upon sediments will provide new and useful data for the management of sustainable mariculture strategies in Brazil.

  13. Report to the Department of Energy on the DOE/EPSCoR planning activities for the state of South Dakota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    An extensive review of the current status of energy-related research and educational activities within the state of South Dakota was carried out. Information exchange meetings were conducted at the major research institutions as well as with many representatives of state government. Visits were also made to professional educators who are deeply involved with the state`s principal minority group, the American Indian. Several activities in the human resource development area that will be carried out in the five-year implementation project were identified. Many of these will be closely coordinated with other efforts currently in progress under the auspices of the NSF SSI (Statewide Systemic Initiatives in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education) office. The authors will also work closely with AWU and other regional consortia to foster a higher level of participation in existing DOE programs and to develop adaptations and {open_quotes}follow-ons{close_quotes} that are tailored to the specific needs of South Dakota. Many of these programs will involve extensive interaction with DOE laboratories. Special programs will be carried out that are designed to keep a larger number of the Native American population in the science and engineering pipeline. An assessment of the research strengths of this state was made. With the assistance of external consultants, the authors identified two principal areas in which they have the potential to develop nationally competitive research programs that fall within DOE objectives. One is a comprehensive biomass systems study, and the other a water quality study as it relates to energy production.

  14. Persistent organic pollutants in juvenile Magellanic Penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) in South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldassin, P; Taniguchi, S; Gallo, H; Maranho, A; Kolesnikovas, C; Amorim, D B; Mansilla, M; Navarro, R M; Tabeira, L C; Bicego, M C; Montone, R C

    2016-04-01

    Magellanic penguins, Spheniscus magellanicus, are the most abundant penguins living in temperate regions of South America and are good indicators of environmental pollution in the region. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were detected in the liver of Magellanic penguins found debilitated or dead on the beaches of Brazil (states of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul) between 2008 and 2012 as well as in Uruguay and Chile in 2011. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were more prevalent than organochlorine pesticides (DDTs ∼ HCB ∼ Drins) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Among PCBs, penta-, hexa- and hepta-chlorinated congeners were predominant. Concentrations of POPs were similar between the Pacific and Atlantic penguin populations, except for PCBs, which were relatively higher in the Pacific population. During the study years (2008-2012), large variations were found in organochlorine pesticides and PCBs tended to decline. Overall, the southern portion of South America has low concentrations of POPs, with either a constant trend or evidence of decline. PMID:26881336

  15. Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: A comparison of South Korea and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nader, Richard Harrison

    According to Millar (1996), the gulf between science and society is growing. Technologies are tools cultures develop to solve society's problems. The rapid dispersion of science and technology across cultural borders through trade, technology transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States. These issues challenge policy makers and scientists to account for the affects of different cultural perspectives on controversial scientific issues. Given the controversy across cultures over acceptance or rejection of genetically modified (GM) foods, GM foods are an excellent example with which to begin to reveal how culture impacts public perceptions of the risk and benefits of science and technology in different societies. This research will: (1) Define public awareness and understanding of science, specifically GM foods; (2) Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and (3) Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research outlines two research questions: (1) How and in what ways do South Koreans and Americans differ in their opinions about GMOs? This question is important for gathering current points of contrast about how the two cultures may differ; and (2) What role does culture play on opinion formation about GM foods? Through grounded theory, the researcher will investigate how cultural differences help explain opinion on public perceptions of GM foods. Is it possible to identify common cultural factors that impact public perceptions of GM foods between South Koreans and Americans? The study will utilize both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Higher education is a major producer of new science and technology. The study is

  16. Optimizing surveillance for South American origin influenza A viruses along the United States Gulf Coast through genomic characterization of isolates from blue-winged teal (Anas discors)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andy M.; Walther, Patrick; Link, Paul Karl; Poulson, Rebecca L.; Wilcox, Benjamin R.; Newsome, George M.; Spackman, Erica; Brown, J.; Stallknecht, David E.

    2016-01-01

    Relative to research focused on intercontinental viral exchange between Eurasia and North America, less attention has been directed towards understanding the redistribution of influenza A viruses (IAVs) by wild birds between North America and South America. In this study, we genomically characterized 45 viruses isolated from blue-winged teal (Anas discors) along the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast during March of 2012 and 2013, coincident with northward migration of this species from Neotropical wintering areas to breeding grounds in the United States and Canada. No evidence of South American lineage genes were detected in IAVs isolated from blue-winged teal supporting restricted viral gene flow between the United States and southern South America. However, it is plausible that blue-winged teal redistribute IAVs between North American breeding grounds and wintering areas throughout the Neotropics, including northern South America, and that viral gene flow is limited by geographical barriers further south (e.g. the Amazon Basin). Surveillance for the introduction of IAVs from Central America and northern South America into the United States may be further optimized through genomic characterization of viruses resulting from coordinated, concurrent sampling efforts targeting blue-winged teal and sympatric species throughout the Neotropics and along the United States Gulf Coast.

  17. Optimizing Surveillance for South American Origin Influenza A Viruses Along the United States Gulf Coast Through Genomic Characterization of Isolates from Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, A M; Walther, P; Link, P; Poulson, R L; Wilcox, B R; Newsome, G; Spackman, E; Brown, J D; Stallknecht, D E

    2016-04-01

    Relative to research focused on inter-continental viral exchange between Eurasia and North America, less attention has been directed towards understanding the redistribution of influenza A viruses (IAVs) by wild birds between North America and South America. In this study, we genomically characterized 45 viruses isolated from blue-winged teal (Anas discors) along the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast during March of 2012 and 2013, coincident with northward migration of this species from Neotropical wintering areas to breeding grounds in the United States and Canada. No evidence of South American lineage genes was detected in IAVs isolated from blue-winged teal supporting restricted viral gene flow between the United States and southern South America. However, it is plausible that blue-winged teal redistribute IAVs between North American breeding grounds and wintering areas throughout the Neotropics, including northern South America, and that viral gene flow is limited by geographical barriers further south (e.g. the Amazon Basin). Surveillance for the introduction of IAVs from Central America and northern South America into the United States may be further optimized through genomic characterization of viruses resulting from coordinated, concurrent sampling efforts targeting blue-winged teal and sympatric species throughout the Neotropics and along the United States Gulf Coast. PMID:25056712

  18. Reconstruction of the Palaeo-environment of the Alluvial Deposits in the Eastern Free State, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, M. Y.

    2009-04-01

    Small alluvial fan systems have formed off the hillslopes of the remnant Karoo koppies at Heelbo in the Eastern Free State, South Africa. The landform geometry is a result of complex relationships between climate, lithology, structure and vegetation. This research area, which includes a large mammal mass death site, potentially contains a wealth of palaeo-environmental and specifically palaeoclimatic information. Palaeo-environmental information and proxy records on past climates in southern Africa has traditionally been obtained from a variety of techniques including stable isotope analysis of speleothems, pollen , faunal analyses at archeological sites, animal remains and crater-lake sediments (see references below). However, little information exists in the scientific literature on the use of palaeosols for defining the depositional palaeoenvironments in southern Africa. The aim of this research is to attempt to address the lack of palaeo-environmental information by extracting palaeoclimatic information from the sedimentary processes and the palaeosols at the Heelbo farm that have been extensively exposed through gullying. The sedimentary fans in the area have experienced climatically controlled histories of erosion, sedimentation and pedogenesis. Extreme sedimentation is assumed to have occurred during relatively arid climatic intervals, when decreased vegetation cover provided little surface protection. In contrast pedogenesis occurs during humid intervals when vegetation cover is restored, the land stabilizes and the uppermost gravely sands weather to form soils. A combined approach of both radiocarbon- and luminescence -dating may provide a detailed chronology of these successive hillslope events in order to relate hillslope instability to climatic forcing factors. Preliminary results indicate that at least 3 depositional events are recorded within the large mammal mass death site, which have been confirmed by the radiocarbon dates of 3,610 ±110 in the top

  19. Vulnerability of freshwater fisheries and impacts of climate change in south Indian states economies

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sannadurgappa, D.; Abitha, R.; Sukumaran, S.

    The vulnerability of five states in India national economies to potential climate change impacts on their capture fisheries using an indicator-based approach were compared. The states: Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Andhrapradesh, Kerala and Maharashtra were...

  20. When the enemy does not accept opponent: the agonistic and antagonistic relationship of PMDB and PP in Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Kamradt

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to study the agonistic and antagonistic behavior of the main political leaders of the PMDB, PP and PSD in negotiations for coalition known as the Triple Alliance in the 2014 elections in Santa Catarina. Thus, the theoretical framework developed by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe is used. The research is based on the reports and speeches reproduced by Santa Catarina main newspapers during the years 2012 to 2014 - the period when the negotiations on the coalition were reported. Within the theoretical framework, we prioritize the use of discourse theory and the development of concepts such as hegemony, agonism and antagonism.

  1. Security dynamics in the South Atlantic: Brazil and the United States in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Seabra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article acknowledges the international community’s growing concern over the new security dynamics currently brewing in the South Atlantic, and the potential upgrade of this area on the internationalsecurity agenda. By building on both old and new threats in the background interest being displayed by such countries as Brazil and the US towards this specific area, and by highlighting these two countries’ political-strategic interests in Africa, this article provides an accurate portrait of the current security context, which ranges from the chances of competition of all the actors involved to the opportunities for cooperation between them.

  2. Hydrogeology of the Hanford Site in South-Central Washington State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Site is situated within the Pasco Basin of south-central Washington and occupies an area of approximately 1450 Km2. The Columbia River flows through the northern edge of the Site and forms part of the eastern boundary. Activities over the past 45 years at the Hanford Site include the siting of nuclear reactors, characterization activities for the Basalt Waste Isolation Project (BWIP), and waste management activities. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the hydrogeology of the Hanford Site and the general extent of contamination due to past activities at the Site. 12 refs., 6 figs

  3. A South Seas State of Nature: The Legal History of Pitcairn Island, 1790-1900

    OpenAIRE

    Eshleman, Michael O.

    2011-01-01

    Pitcairn Island was uninhabited in 1790 when the mutineers of the Royal Navy's Bounty settled there with men and women from Tahiti to serve as slaves and wives for the sailors. Murders and accidents claimed the lives the leader of the mutiny, Fletcher Christian, and those of every adult male save John Adams. Adams led the remaining islanders under a benevolent dictatorship for the rest of his life, a South Seas Christian monarchy cut off from the rest of the world. After the island was redisc...

  4. Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in South East European Countries and New Member States of European Union Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bardhyl Dauti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper accounts for the main determinants of Foreign Direct Investment flows to 5-SEEC and the 10-New Member States of the EU countries by using an augmented Gravity Model. The study takes into account country specific institutional factors that determine foreign investors’ decisions from 14 core European Union countries to invest into SEE-5 and EU-NMS-10 countries. From the results of the study we find that gravity factors and institutional related determinants like control of corruption, political stability, bilateral FDI agreement, WTO membership and transition progress appear to significantly determine inward FDI flows from core EU countries to host economies of South East European region and new European Union member states.

  5. Percepção organizacional dos trabalhadores de um complexo esportivo de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Ketrin Bareta; Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas; Gabriela Dalsasso Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    Este estudo objetivou identificar o índice de percepção organizacional dos trabalhadores do Complexo Aquático da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC). Usou-se um questionário de cultura e qualidade adaptado de Vaitsman et al. (2000), aplicado em professores, bolsistas e outros trabalhadores. Os resultados encontrados foram insatisfatórios (abaixo de 0,6) para as variáveis infraestrutura e gestão em duas categorias de trabalhadores e insatisfatórios para as variáveis clima organizacio...

  6. Pesquisa Delphi: O Futuro do Turismo de Santa Catarina - Previsões entre 2007 e 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando A. Ribeiro Serra; Eliza Bianchini Dallanhol Locks; Graciella Martignago; Solange Evangelista; Stefano Palumbo

    2009-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta o resultado da primeira parte de uma pesquisa Delphi sobre ?O Futuro do Turismo em Santa Catarina? realizada com especialistas do setor, compostos por empresários e acadêmicos. O objetivo fundamental foi o de identificar o cenário prospectivo mais provável de forma a orientar proposições e ações para atuação sobre este cenário. A metodologia considerou a escolha preliminar de 36 especialistas, segundo onze tópicos para análise, dos quais foram selecionados 12 especialist...

  7. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by The Federal University of Santa Catarina

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The Associated School of the Federal University of Santa Catarina is a public federal institution located in Florianópolis receiving students from 6 to 18 years old. Physics is taught in the last three school years by 3 teachers, 2 of them were in the CERN teachers Portuguese Language School program in 2009 and 2013. In the year 2013, the program for teaching Modern Physics was implemented consisting in a series of seminars to the students by the school teachers or researchers at the University. In this context, the virtual visit to ATLAS is an excellent opportunity for the students to know more about the universe of the Particle Physics research.

  8. HIV Knowledge and Associated Factors among Internet-Using Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in South Africa and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Wagenaar, Bradley H.; Sullivan, Patrick S.; Rob Stephenson

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We compared factors associated with low HIV/AIDS knowledge among internet-using MSM in South Africa and the United States. METHODS: 1,154 MSM in the US and 439 MSM in South Africa, recruited through Facebook.com, completed an online survey using a US-validated HIV knowledge scale (HIV-KQ-18). Separate multivariable logistic regression models were built, one for the US and one for South Africa, using a dichotomized variable of scoring less than and equal to 13/18 ("low knowledge") ...

  9. Variable impact of late-Quaternary megafaunal extinction in causing ecological state shifts in North and South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnosky, Anthony D.; Lindsey, Emily L.; Villavicencio, Natalia A.; Bostelmann, Enrique; Hadly, Elizabeth A.; Wanket, James; Marshall, Charles R.

    2016-01-01

    Loss of megafauna, an aspect of defaunation, can precipitate many ecological changes over short time scales. We examine whether megafauna loss can also explain features of lasting ecological state shifts that occurred as the Pleistocene gave way to the Holocene. We compare ecological impacts of late-Quaternary megafauna extinction in five American regions: southwestern Patagonia, the Pampas, northeastern United States, northwestern United States, and Beringia. We find that major ecological state shifts were consistent with expectations of defaunation in North American sites but not in South American ones. The differential responses highlight two factors necessary for defaunation to trigger lasting ecological state shifts discernable in the fossil record: (i) lost megafauna need to have been effective ecosystem engineers, like proboscideans; and (ii) historical contingencies must have provided the ecosystem with plant species likely to respond to megafaunal loss. These findings help in identifying modern ecosystems that are most at risk for disappearing should current pressures on the ecosystems' large animals continue and highlight the critical role of both individual species ecologies and ecosystem context in predicting the lasting impacts of defaunation currently underway.

  10. Professionalism in Public Relations Pedagogy: A Comparative Analysis of Public Relations Curricula among the United States, the United Kingdom, and South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Wonjun; Choi, Jinbong

    2012-01-01

    Based on a concept of professionalism, this study analyzed and compared current public relations curricula of higher education among the United States, the United Kingdom, and South Korea. In terms of three educational orientations, results indicated that public relations education in the United States is the most balanced among theoretical,…

  11. Influenza-Related Mortality Among Adults Aged 25–54 Years With AIDS in South Africa and the United States of America

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Cheryl; Simonsen, Lone; Sample, Jeannette; Kang, Jong-Won; Miller, Mark; Madhi, Shabir A; Campsmith, Michael; Viboud, Cecile

    2012-01-01

    In the absence of highly active therapy antiretroviral (HAART), adults with AIDS experience substantially elevated influenza-associated mortality in South Africa and the United States. This elevated mortality risk declined with widespread HAART introduction in the United States but did not disappear entirely. These data support increased access to HAART and influenza vaccination for human immunodeficiency virus–infected adults globally.

  12. Description of Plantago aparadensis (Plantaginaceae), a new species from south Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel de Barcellos Falkenberg

    2014-01-01

    The new species Plantago aparadensis D. Falkenberg (Plantaginaceae) from the Aparados da Serra Geral in Santa Catarina, south Brazil, is described here. It occurs in the rupicolous vegetation near the slope Atlantic tropical rain forest. Some of its most prominent features are a large pseudopetiole distinct from the blade, a fringe of long hairs at the leaf axil, a 7(-9)-nerved blade, old inflorescences becoming pendulous, a dense tuft of hairs at the base of each flower, ...

  13. Correlation between "ABO" blood group phenotypes and periodontal disease: Prevalence in south Kanara district, Karnataka state, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurpur Prakash Pai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The correlation between certain systemic diseases and ABO blood group is a well-documented fact. The association between periodontal disease and ABO blood group is not studied in relation to a specific geographic location. Here is a study conducted on a group of patients belonging to South Kanara district of Karnataka state. Materials and Methods: A total of 750 subjects aged between 30and 38 years belonging to South Kanara district were selected on random basis. The study subjects were segregated into healthy/mild gingivitis, moderate/severe gingivitis, and periodontitis group, based on Loe and Silness index and clinical attachment loss as criteria. The study group was further categorized and graded using Ramfjord′s periodontal disease index. Blood samples were collected to identify ABO blood group. Results: Prevalence of blood group O was more in South Kanara district, followed by blood groups B and A, and the least prevalent was AB. The percentage distribution of subjects with blood groups O and AB was more in healthy/mild gingivitis group (group I and moderate/severe gingivitis group (group II, while subjects with blood groups B and A were more in periodontitis group III. There was increased prevalence of subjects with blood groups O and AB with healthy periodontium, while subjects with blood groups B and A showed inclination toward diseased periodontium. Conclusion: There is a correlation existing between periodontal disease and ABO blood group in this geographic location. This association can be due to various blood group antigens acting as receptors for infectious agents associated with periodontal disease. This broad correlation between periodontal disease and ABO blood group also points toward susceptibility ofthe subjects with certain blood groups to periodontal disease.

  14. Prevalence and risk factors for Leptospira spp. in cattle herds in the south central region of Paraná state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Y Hashimoto

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies and the risk factors for Leptospira spp. infection in breeding cattle herds in the south central region of Paraná state. It was based on the statistic delineation/serological samples and information regarding the selected farms employed in the study of bovine brucellosis for Paraná state in the context of National Program for Control and Eradication of Brucellosis and Tuberculosis. A total of 1.880 females aged >24 months from 274 non vaccinated herds were studied. Serum samples were tested for antibodies against Leptospira spp. using microscopic agglutination test (MAT with 22 Leptospira serovars. The epidemiological questionnaire was applied on all the selected farms and aimed to obtain epidemiological data. Hundred eighty one of 274 herds were positive for Leptospira spp./presenting prevalence of positive herds of 66.06% (IC95%=60.12-71,65%. Presence of >43 cattle (OR=3.120; IC=1.418-6.867/animal purchase (OR=2.010; IC=1.154-3.500/rent of pastures (OR=2.925; IC=1.060-8.068 and presence of maternity paddock (OR=1.981; IC=1,068-3,676 were identified as risk factors for leptospirosis due to any serovar in the multivariate logistic regression. Risk factors for leptospirosis due to serovar Hardjo were presence of >43 cattle (OR=3.622; IC=1.512-8,677/animal purchase (OR=3.143; IC=1.557-6.342/rent of pastures (OR=4.070; IC=1.370-12.087 and presence of horses (OR=2.981; IC=1.321-6.726. These results indicate that Leptospira spp. infection is widespread in the south central region of Paraná state and that factors related to the herd characteristic and management are associated with the infection.

  15. Grassland communities of urban open spaces in Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamokete N.V. Dingaan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Natural vegetation in urban environments is greatly impacted by human activities and it is in constant threat of degradation and destruction as a result of urbanisation. This vegetation, although fragmented, serves an important ecological function and needs to be properly managed and conserved. Studies on urban vegetation are lacking in South Africa, with only a handful having been carried out since the end of the last century. This study was initiated to identify, classify and describe the grassland communities of the urban open spaces in Bloemfontein. Relevés were compiled in 61 sample plots, where species present and habitat information were recorded. Care was taken to restrict sample plots to vegetation in pristine condition, wherever possible, and severely degraded stands were avoided. A two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN classification, refined by Braun-Blanquet procedures, revealed two distinct major communities, seven communities and four sub-communities. Both detrended and canonical correspondence analyses indicated the vegetation units to be associated with soil texture and pH, although biotic factors such as overgrazing, burning and mowing also influence the composition of the vegetation. The proper management and conservation of urban open spaces requires in-depth knowledge of the spatial distribution, floristic, structural and functional compositions within the major vegetation types in this environment. The present study further contributed towards formulating ways for the proper management, utilisation and functioning of the open spaces within the Bloemfontein area.Conservation implications: The Grassland Biome of South Africa is poorly conserved, mainly because of its status as an agricultural hub of the country. The preservation of natural and semi-natural forms of urban vegetation is important because such vegetation, although often disturbed and degraded, could form dispersal corridors between peri-urban and rural

  16. Economic Growth, Productivity, and Public Education Funding: Is South Carolina a Death Spiral State?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driscoll, Lisa G.; Knoeppel, Robert C.; Della Sala, Matthew R.; Watson, Jim R.

    2014-01-01

    As a result of the Great Recession of 2007-2009, most states experienced declines in employment, consumer spending, and economic productivity (Alm, Buschman, and Sjoquist 2011). In turn, these events led to historic declines in state tax revenues (Mikesell and Mullins 2010; Boyd and Dadayan 2009), resulting in major cuts in public spending. Local…

  17. Conselhos Municipais de Alimentação Escolar em Santa Catarina: caracterização e perfil de atuação Municipal School Nutrition Councils in Santa Catarina, Brazil: characterization and performance profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Veras Caldeiras

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os Conselhos Municipais de Alimentação Escolar (CAE no Estado de Santa Catarina. Investigação transversal em amostra de municípios catarinenses (n = 152; 52%. Entrevistaram-se preferencialmente os presidentes dos CAE, pesquisando-se o perfil dos conselheiros, as atribuições realizadas e a relação do CAE com outras instâncias de controle social. Utilizou-se Regressão de Poisson para obter razões de prevalências bruta e ajustada. No modelo ajustado seguiu-se uma abordagem hierárquica. A maioria dos conselhos analisava a prestação de contas, fiscalizava os recursos, zelava pela qualidade do PNAE em todos os níveis, orientava o armazenamento dos alimentos, participava da elaboração do cardápio, acompanhava a compra de gêneros e tinha regimento interno. Entretanto, apenas 22,4% realizavam todas as atribuições com frequência maior ou igual à anual. Verificou-se associação positiva entre uma boa atuação do CAE e existência de relação com outros conselhos locais. A sensibilização dos CAE e o estímulo à atua­ção articulada com outros conselhos e atores envolvidos com a segurança alimentar e nutricional, são essenciais para a garantia do direito à alimentação saudável e adequada nas escolas.The aim of this study is to assess Municipal School Nutrition Councils (CAEs of the Brazilian School Nutrition Program (PNAE in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of municipalities in the state (n = 152; 52%. CAE presidents were interviewed and asked about the counselor profile, attributions performed and the relation of CAEs with other local councils. Poisson regression analysis was conducted to obtain unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios and the adjusted model adopted a hierarchic approach. The majority of councils analyzed their accounting reports, monitored resources and strived for quality of the CAEs at all levels. They

  18. El Arte Rupestre como legado prehistórico en la Isla de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Luiz Simas de AGUIAR

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El estudio del arte rupestre se desarrolló de manera considerable, principalmente en la última década, donde aparece un gran rol de técnicas para aplicar método a las investigaciones sobre el tema. El arte rupestre de la Isla de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil, presenta un importante papel como legado de las poblaciones prehistóricas que habitaron la región. El levantamiento del arte rupestre podrá garantizar la preservación de esta identidad y ayudar a futuras investigaciones sobre la temática.ABSTRACT: The rock art studies have grown in the last 10 years, when many techniques were developed to apply methods in that research area. The rock art in Santa Catarina Island plays an important role as legacy of the prehistoric populations that lived in this area. This rock art survey will guarantee the preservation of this identity and will support future researches.

  19. Soro-epidemiologia da doença de Chagas em Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BR Schlemper Jr

    1983-12-01

    Full Text Available Em Santa Catarina, o Inquérito Sorológico Nacional para doença de Chagas (CNPq-SUCAM revelou positividade de 1,3% em cerca de 74.000 amostras de soro processadas pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta em papel de filtro, com 15 municípios apresentando prevalências de 5,4% a 41,3%. Na presente investigação, em 9 dos municípios com alta prevalência, foram obtidas amostras de sangue, por punção venosa, de 222 indivíduos dos quais 140 haviam sido sorologicamente positivos e 58 negativos no Inquérito Nacional. Em 24 outros indivíduos a reação foi executada pela primeira vez. Os testes sorológicos (imunofluorescência indireta, hemaglutinação indireta, aglutinação direta com e sem 2-mercaptoetanol e fixação do complemento realizados em 3 diferentes laboratórios evidenciaram 220 soros negativos e apenas 2 positivos. Dados epidenúológicos obtidos nas áreas trabalhadas confirmaram estes resultados negativos. Os resultados discordam daqueles encontrados pelo Inquérito Sorológico Nacional e confirmam a inexistência de focos domiciliares de transmissão da doença de Chagas em Santa Catarina.

  20. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grasieli de Oliveira Ramos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic tumors (OTs are lesions that develop exclusively on maxillary bones, and form a heterogeneous group. They vary from hamartomatous lesions to benign and malign tumors. Although they are rarely observed in dentistry clinics, it is extremely important for the dentist to be aware of them. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of odontogenic tumors diagnosed in the population of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cases of odontogenic tumors were selected from the anatomopathological diagnostic services at Federal University of Santa Catarina from 1998 to 2011. Clinical data on these cases were collected from biopsy reports and patient files. Seventy-eight cases of odontogenic tumors were surveyed. Of these diagnoses, 51% were keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs; the remaining cases were mainly ameloblastomas and odontomas. The most frequently observed lesion in this retrospective study was KCOT (more than half of cases. Thus, this study shows that modifying the classification of the OTs altered the frequency of the lesions, possibly making KCOT the most common lesion observed in diagnostic services worldwide.

  1. Annotated Checklist of Aphodiinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae from Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2015-08-01

    Resumo. Uma extensiva revisão da literatura foi realizada para listar as espécies de Aphodiinae dos estados de Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul. Um total de 35 espécies de Aphodiinae pertencentes a duas tribos e 12 gêneros foi registrado para a região estudada. Vinte e nove espécies (82,8% foram registradas para Santa Catarina e 16 (45,7% para o Rio Grande do Sul. Apenas nove espécies (25,7% foram compartilhadas por ambos os estados. Ataenius Harold, 1867 foi o gênero com o maior número de espécies (20, seguindo por Saprosites Redtenbacher, 1858 com apenas três espécies. Os outros gêneros foram representados por uma ou duas espécies. Novas listas devem ser feitas para outros estados brasileiros.

  2. Resistance to cypermethrin and amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on the Santa Catarina Plateau, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga, Luana Paula Haubold Neis; Souza, Antonio Pereira de; Bellato, Valdomiro; Sartor, Amélia Aparecida; Nunes, Ana Paula de Oliveira; Cardoso, Helena Mondardo

    2012-01-01

    With the objective of evaluating Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus resistance to cipermetrina and amitraz, were collected engorged tick females from cattle on 20 farms on the Santa Catarina Plateau, in southern Brazil, between January of 2004 and May of 2006. Were also received 20 groups of engorged R. (B.) microplus females, collected by cattle farmers requesting acaricidal efficacy (AE) testing. Were performed in vitro tests, which consisted of immersing engorged females in cypermethrin (0.015%) and in amitraz (0.025%). An AE >95% was considered indicative of effectiveness. Of the 20 collected groups, 18 (90%) showed cypermethrin resistance and 1 (5%) showed amitraz resistance. Of the 20 received groups, 19 (95%) showed cypermethrin resistance and 2 (10%) showed amitraz resistance. The AE of cypermethrin was found to be >95%, 85-94%, and 55-64%, respectively, in 4 (57.1%), 2 (28.6%), and 1 (14.3%) of 7 reference groups, collected in the 1997-2001 period. The AE of amitraz was >95% in all of those groups. Among the groups of specimens received for analysis in that period, the AE of amitraz was >95% in 6 (85.71%) and 75-84% in 1 (14.28%). R. (B.) microplus resistance to acaricides is increasing on the Santa Catarina Plateau. PMID:22832753

  3. Drought preparedness, impact and response: A case of the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makala J. Ngaka

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Drought is a major disaster in South Africa in terms of total economic loss and number of people affected. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the 2007/2008 drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case studies. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in this study. Primary data were collected through face-to-face interviews with sampled recipients of the 2007/2008 drought relief scheme. These were analysed using MedCalc® software and various statistical tests and correlations were performed to test for statistical differences on key variables. Major findings of this study included inadequacy of the extension support service, particularly as a vehicle for disseminating early-warning information. The most significant impact was livestock losses, and t-test results supported the hypothesis that there was a significant difference in terms of drought impact for the three categories of farmers (i.e. small, medium and large scale, particularly with regard to the proportion of livestock lost. A Logit analysis showed that the decision to reduce livestock during drought was influenced by access to land and race. The main constraint to the drought relief scheme, as perceived by the respondents, was the turnaround time − they felt that the relief was provided long after the disaster had occurred.

  4. South Atlantic Shrimp System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The SEFSC, in cooperation with the South Atlantic states, collects South Atlantic shrimp data from dealers and fishermen. These data are collected to provide catch,...

  5. The vegetation of the north-western Orange Free State, South Africa. 1. Physical environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Kooij

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available The physiography, geology, soil, land types and climate of the north-western Orange Free State are described. The description provides a contextual framework for the subsequent vegetation classification.

  6. EVALUATION OF FACTORS OF THE WORKPLACES IN MATE INDUSTRY (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hill. AT CENTRAL-SOUTH IN PARANA STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo da Silva Lopes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This research was developed in the maté process industry workplaces, located in central-south of the Parana State, Brazil, from June to August 2005. The climate conditions, noise and light level were analyzed using suitable ergonomic methods. The results showed that the climate conditions through the Wet Bulle Globe Temperature (WBGT was in accordance with NR 15 standard, with a maximum of 17.0 ºC at 15:00 p.m. in the “Barbaquá” sector. The noise levels were above allowed by legislation in the “Barbaquá” sector at finally work day. The light conditions were not in accordance with NBR 5413/92 in the majority of the workplaces evaluated, mainly after the 18:00 p.m, when the artificial illumination became necessary.

  7. Reprodução de Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of the Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus in the Santa Catarina's coast, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O savacu Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758 é uma espécie de hábitos crepusculares e noturnos, com ampla distribuição geográfica. Sua biologia reprodutiva tem sido intensivamente estudada nos países de ocorrência, entretanto, no Brasil, é comumente citada nos levantamentos de ornitólogos, mas não existem informações disponíveis sobre seu ciclo de vida. Esse trabalho objetiva contribuir para o conhecimento da biologia reprodutiva dessa espécie no litoral catarinense. As amostragens foram realizadas nos anos de 2000 a 2002 na Ilha dos Pássaros e de 2002 na Ilha dos Lobos, Santa Catarina. As maiores abundâncias de exemplares e ninhos com ovos ocorreram em outubro, sendo que o comprimento médio dos ovos variou entre 5,02 ± 0,23 a 5,07 ± 0,21 cm e o volume 31,71 ± 2,64 a 35,92 ± 3,47 cm³ e as maiores freqüências de filhotes em novembro, culminando o abandono da colônia em meados de janeiro. Foram identificados sete itens nos regurgitos dos filhotes, sendo que os peixes marinhos representaram 44,4% da massa total. O principal predador na colônia foi o urubu-comum, que atuou sobre os ovos no início da temporada e os filhotes no final.The black-crowned night heron N. nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758 is a aquatic bird with twilight and night habits, with wide geographical distribution. His reproductive biology has been studied intensively at the occurrence countries, however, in Brazil, it is mentioned commonly in the ornithologists' risings, but available information don't exist on his life cycle. This work aims to contribute for the knowledge of the reproductive biology of that species in the Santa Catarina coast. The samplings were accomplished in the years from 2000 to 2002 in the Ilha dos Pássaros and of 2002 in the Ilha dos Lobos, Santa Catarina. The largest abundances of individuals and nests with eggs happened in October, and the medium length of the eggs varied between 5.02 ± 0.23 to 5.07 ± 0.21 cm and the volume 31

  8. The Dynamical State of The Serpens South Filamentary Infrared Dark Cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Tanaka, Tomohiro; Awazu, Yuya; Shimajiri, Yoshito; Sugitani, Koji; Onishi, Toshikazu; Kawabe, Ryohei; Yoshida, Hiroshige; Higuchi, Aya E

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of N$_2$H$^+$ ($J=1-0$) observations toward Serpens South, the nearest cluster-forming, infrared dark cloud. The physical quantities are derived by fitting the hyperfine structure of N$_2$H$^+$. The Herschel and 1.1-mm continuum maps show that a pc-scale filament fragments into three clumps with radii of $0.1-0.2$ pc and masses of $40-230M_\\odot$. We find that the clumps contain smaller-scale ($\\sim 0.04$ pc) structures, i.e., dense cores. We identify 70 cores by applying CLUMPFIND to the N$_2$H$^+$ data cube. In the central cluster-forming clump, the excitation temperature and line-width tend to be large, presumably due to protostellar outflow feedback and stellar radiation. However, for all the clumps, the virial ratios are evaluated to be $0.1-0.3$, indicating that the internal motions play only a minor role in the clump support. The clumps exhibit no free-fall, but low-velocity infall, and thus the clumps should be supported by additional forces. The most promising force is the glob...

  9. Neurocisticercose em pacientes internados por epilepsia no Hospital Regional de Chapecó região oeste do Estado de Santa Catarina Prevalence of neurocysticercosis among epileptic in-patients in the west of Santa Catarina - Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAULO CESAR TREVISOL-BITTENCOURT

    1998-03-01

    evaluate NC as aetiology of epilepsy in the west of Santa Catarina. This state belong to southern Brazil and it has a very developed economy. However, due the widespread swine farming in the west district, many of them without any sanitary control, the national health authorities have considered all this area at risk to NC. The study was carried out in Chapecó, the main town in that region, where CT Scan service was started in 1995. All patients put on hospital care due epileptic seizures in 1995-96 were considered. Febrile convulsions were excluded of the sample. We found a very expressive prevalence rate of NC among patients suffering from epilepsy. Roughly 24% of these patients, showed unequivocal tomography evidences for the diagnosis of NC. Our data suggest cysticercosis as a real endemic trouble in the area and, overdosis of information in proper language, diffuse to the whole population, seems to be the only remedy to fight against it. Moreover, we should pay special attention to everyone related to swine farming, does not matter how this activity has been classificated.

  10. Unidades habitacionais hoteleiras na Ilha de Santa Catarina: um estudo sobre acessibilidade espacial Habitational units in hotels of the Island of Santa Catarina: a study about Spatial accessibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Helena Moro Bins Ely

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da avaliação das condições de acessibilidade espacial em unidades habitacionais (UHs, ditas acessíveis, de hotéis residenciais na ilha de Santa Catarina. Para tanto, visitas exploratórias permitiram o levantamento arquitetônico das UHs escolhidas e a análise de sua adequação aos parâmetros técnicos estabelecidos pela NBR 9050/2004. Entrevistas com diferentes usuários complementam o estudo na medida em que apontam as reais dificuldades enfrentadas por eles, devido às inadequadas soluções de acessibilidade presentes nos ambientes da rede hoteleira. Os métodos utilizados permitiram classificar os problemas de acessibilidade espacial segundo quatro componentes - orientação espacial, deslocamento, uso e comunicação - e relacioná-los às deficiências e habilidades dos diversos usuários. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de problemas ligados ao uso de mobiliários e equipamentos, os quais afetam a realização de atividades com conforto e independência. Verifica-se, também, que a NBR 9050/2004 ainda direciona seus parâmetros técnicos para atender principalmente deficientes físico-motores.This paper deals with the evaluation of the conditions of spatial accessibility in habitation units (UHs considered accessible in residential hotels on the Island of Santa Catarina. For this purpose, exploratory visits allowed an architectonic survey of the chosen UHs and an analysis of their adjustment to the technical parameters established by NBR 9050/2004. Interviews with different users completed the study which highlighted the real difficulties faced by them due to inadequate solutions of accessibility present in the hotel network environments. The methods facilitated a classification of the problems of spatial accessibility according to four components - spatial orientation, displacement, use and communication - and related them to the abilities and disabilities of the various users. A higher prevalence of problems

  11. Identification of energy and environmental issues in the South: views of officials from selected state agencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boercker, F. D.; Davis, R. M.

    1978-11-01

    This report is a compilation of energy and environmental issues identified by state and regional agencies in 14 southern states. The issues will be considered for inclusion in future energy technology assessments being planned by the Office of Technology Impacts, Department of Energy. In order to ensure that the planned assessments will be useful to state and regional agencies as well as to the Federal sponsoring agencies, ORNL has contacted energy and environmental agencies in the southern region and solicited their input into the planning of these assessments. In all, 166 persons representing 65 state and regional agencies in 14 states were visited by ORNL personnel in order to collect information for this report. This report contains a listing of selected issues that might be included in planned national assessments for coal, petroleum and natural gas, nuclear, geothermal/geopressure, and solar energy. The issues identified are not intended to be exhaustive. Rather they represent a cross section of current key issues identified by representatives of energy and environmental agencies contacted in the region.

  12. Petrogenesis of early Jurassic basalts in southern Jiangxi Province, South China: Implications for the thermal state of the Mesozoic mantle beneath South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cen, Tao; Li, Wu-xian; Wang, Xuan-ce; Pang, Chong-jin; Li, Zheng-xiang; Xing, Guang-fu; Zhao, Xi-lin; Tao, Jihua

    2016-07-01

    Early Jurassic bimodal volcanic and intrusive rocks in southern South China show distinct associations and distribution patterns in comparison with those of the Middle Jurassic and Cretaceous rocks in the area. It is widely accepted that these rocks formed in an extensional setting, although the timing of the onset and the tectonic driver for extension are debated. Here, we present systematic LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb ages, whole-rock geochemistry and Sr-Nd isotope data for bimodal volcanic rocks from the Changpu Formation in the Changpu-Baimianshi and Dongkeng-Linjiang basins in southern Jiangxi Province, South China. Zircon U-Pb ages indicate that the bimodal volcanic rocks erupted at ca. 190 Ma, contemporaneous with the Fankeng basalts (~ 183 Ma). A compilation of geochronological results demonstrates that basin-scale basaltic eruptions occurred during the Early Jurassic within a relatively short interval (South China.

  13. 77 FR 24845 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; South Dakota; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-26

    ... the first implementation period (through 2018). 76 FR 76646. A detailed explanation of the CAA's... stack parameters.'' 76 FR 76656. The commenter stated that EPA should not rely on ``unreliable... reasonable for the two remaining control options, semi-dry and wet FGD.'' 76 FR 76656. Comment: One...

  14. 76 FR 76646 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; South Dakota; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    .... 64 FR 35714 (July 1, 1999), codified at 40 CFR part 51, subpart P. The Regional Haze Rule revised the... the regional ] haze requirements. 74 FR 2392. Once EPA has found that a state has failed to make a...\\ The preamble to the Regional Haze Rule provides additional details about the deciview. 64 FR...

  15. Estudo da cadeia produtiva do leite em Santa Catarina no período 1985 – 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilmar Nogueira Duarte

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo teve como objetivo estudar a cadeia produtiva do leite em Santa Catarina e mostrar as mudanças ocorridas ao longo da cadeia, no período de 1985 a 2000, diante das profundas alterações observadas na economia brasileira, caracterizadas pela abertura comercial e consolidação do Mercosul, pela desregulamentação do mercado e pela estabilização econômica pós-Plano Real. O estudo mostra que esse novo ambiente provocou um intenso processo de reestruturação no setor, o que resultou num maior nível de especialização no segmento de produção primária, com melhoria considerável da qualidade do leite entregue às indústrias e aumento do volume comercializado sob inspeção; grande concentração no setor de captação e processamento, com as principais indústrias do setor buscando se equiparar às principais do País em termos de tecnologia; além de mudanças significativas no segmento de distribuição de produtos lácteos, propiciadas pelo avanço tecnológico no setor de embalagens, principalmente no que se refere aos esterilizados. O trabalho conclui que apesar das mudanças observadas no ambiente competitivo, a cadeia produtiva do leite reagiu positivamente às turbulências ocorridas no período estudado, com a produção aumentando regularmente a cada ano e com a Região Oeste, cada vez mais, assumindo a posição de maior produtora do Estado.Abstract This paper aimed to study the milk productive chain in Santa Catarina and show the changes that occurred along the dairy chain, from 1985 to 2000, before the deep changes observed in the Brazilian economy, characterized by the trade opening and Mercosul consolidation, by the market deregulation and pos Real economical stabilization. The study show that this new environment provoked an intensive restructuring process in the area, what resulted in a bigger level of specialization in the primary production segment, with a considerable improvement of the milk delivered in

  16. The type locality of the South American Tern, Sterna hirundinacea (Aves: Charadriiformes: Sternidae, with designation of a lectotype

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    Caio J. Carlos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The type locality of the South American Tern, Sterna hirundinacea, has long been considered to be the state of Santa Catarina in South Brazil. This conclusion was probably based on two syntypes, from the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris, France, one from Laguna and the other from an unspecified locality. The latter was probably shot on the coast of Rio de Janeiro. A recent molecular study has shown that Brazilian and Patagonian populations of S. hirundinacea are not completely panmictic, though genetic differentiation between them is low. No data from the Falkland Islands and Pacific coast populations have been available for comparison. If future analysis shows that Pacific and/or Falkland/Malvinas populations are genetically isolated from the Brazil-Patagonian ones, the name S. hirundinacea would apply only to birds from the latter populations. Given that the two syntypes were collected at two widely spaced localities, doubts exist as to the precise locality where one syntype was taken, and to clear up uncertainties, a lectotype of S. hirundinacea is herein designated.

  17. Perfil clínico dos membros da associação dos celíacos do Brasil: regional de Santa Catarina (ACELBRA-SC Clinical profile of Santa Catarina members of Brazilian Celiac Association

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    Clarissa Araujo Cassol

    2007-09-01

    édica quanto ao seu correto diagnóstico e tratamento.BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is an enteropathy induced by gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. AIM: To establish the demographic and clinical characteristics of this disease in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive transversal study was performed involving members of a regional celiac association, to whom a questionnaire focusing various aspects of the disease was sent. RESULTS: From a total of 506 members, 145 (28.7% were enrolled in the study - all of them biopsy-proven celiacs. Their mean age was 30.8 years (range, 3.3-82.5 years. Female to male rate was 2.1:1. The mean age at diagnosis was 16 years for men and 26.7 years for women. Most frequently reported symptoms were: abdominal distention (71.8%, abdominal pain (71% and diarrhea (65.5%. Anemia, aphthous ulcers and constipation were more related by women, while diarrhea and low weight were more frequent in men. Only 42.1% of the participants had been submitted to biopsies compatible with a correct investigation of the disease (44.2 % had been submitted to biopsy only after gluten exclusion of the diet and 11.7% did not mentioned whether they were in a gluten-free diet when biopsied. Only 61.4% had been submitted to serological tests for diagnostic or dietary control purposes. Associated diseases were related by 65% of the individuals, of which the most common was lactose intolerance (33%. Vitaminic or mineral supplementation was indicated to 45% and only 32.5% have had bone mineral density measured. Of these, 59% had altered results. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest a tendency of diagnosis of celiac disease in older ages, specially among women. This may indicate the necessity of improving public and medical knowledge in Santa Catarina concerning the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

  18. Burnout, stress and coping in the South African Police Service in the Free State / Jaco Klopper

    OpenAIRE

    Klopper, Jaco

    2003-01-01

    Tracking and addressing police members' effectiveness in areas that could impact on the standard of their services are important. Burnout, job stress and ways to cope are specific focus areas in this regard. Previous research indicates relationships between burnout, job stress and coping while such relationships in the SAPS in the Free State have not yet been investigated. The objectives of this research were to determine the reliability and validity of the MBI-GS for SAPS m...

  19. Feasibility study of porous media compressed air energy storage in South Carolina, United States of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvis, Alexandra-Selene

    Renewable Energy Systems (RES) such as solar and wind, are expected to play a progressively significant role in electricity production as the world begins to move away from an almost total reliance on nonrenewable sources of power. In the US there is increasing investment in RES as the Department of Energy (DOE) expands its wind power network to encompass the use of offshore wind resources in places such as the South Carolina (SC) Atlantic Coastal Plain. Because of their unstable nature, RES cannot be used as reliable grid-scale power sources unless power is somehow stored during excess production and recovered at times of insufficiency. Only two technologies have been cited as capable of storing renewable energy at this scale: Pumped Hydro Storage and Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES). Both CAES power plants in existence today use solution-mined caverns as their storage spaces. This project focuses on exploring the feasibility of employing the CAES method to store excess wind energy in sand aquifers. The numerical multiphase flow code, TOUGH2, was used to build models that approximate subsurface sand formations similar to those found in SC. Although the aquifers of SC have very low dips, less than 10, the aquifers in this study were modeled as flat, or having dips of 00. Cycle efficiency is defined here as the amount of energy recovered compared to the amount of energy injected. Both 2D and 3D simulations have shown that the greatest control on cycle efficiency is the volume of air that can be recovered from the aquifer after injection. Results from 2D simulations showed that using a dual daily peak load schedule instead of a single daily peak load schedule increased cycle efficiency as do the following parameters: increased anisotropy, screening the well in the upper portions of the aquifer, reduced aquifer thickness, and an initial water displacement by the continuous injection of air for at least 60 days. Aquifer permeability of 1x10-12 m2 produced a cycle

  20. Adaptation and cross-cultural validationof the United States Primary Care Assessment Tool (expanded version for use in South Africa

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    Graham Bresick

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Measuring primary care is important for health sector reform. The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT measures performance of elements essential for cost-effective care. Following minor adaptations prior to use in Cape Town in 2011, a few findings indicated a need to improve the contentand cross-cultural validity for wider use in South Africa (SA.Aim: This study aimed to validate the United States of America-developed PCAT before being used in a baseline measure of primary care performance prior to major reform.Setting: Public sector primary care clinics, users, practitioners and managers in urban and rural districtsin the Western Cape Province.Methods: Face value evaluation of item phrasing and a combination of Delphi and Nominal Group Technique (NGT methods with an expert panel and user focus group were used to obtain consensus on content relevant to SA. Original and new domains and items with > = 70% agreement were included in the South African version – ZA PCAT.Results: All original PCAT domains achieved consensus on inclusion. One new domain, the primary healthcare (PHC team, was added. Three of 95 original items achieved < 70% agreement, that is consensus to exclude as not relevant to SA; 19 new items were added. A few items needed minor rephrasing with local healthcare jargon. The demographic section was adapted to local socio-economic conditions. The adult PCAT was translated into isiXhosa and Afrikaans.Conclusion: The PCAT is a valid measure of primary care performance in SA. The PHC team domainis an important addition, given its emphasis in PHC re-engineering. A combination of Delphi and NGT methods succeeded in obtaining consensus on a multi-domain, multi-item instrument in a resource-constrained environment.