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Sample records for catarina state brazil

  1. RAILWAY INDUSTRY ROADMAP IN THE STATE OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

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    Acires DIAS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identify the main requirements to strengthen the railroad industry in Santa Catarina by using technology roadmapping. The railway industry is composed of carriers, manufacturers, suppliers, operators, logistics, services and education. The survey aimed to provide guidelines for the Federation of the State of Santa Catarina Industry (FIESC to develop its strategic plan for the next eight years. Based on the survey, the roadmap defined vision, mission, a list of key concepts, drivers and actions for the Federation to support the railway industry development, since this industrial sector is still economically unrepresented when compared to other sectors in Santa Catarina. The survey also pointed out there is a strong expansion program of the railway freight and railway transport for people in Brazil, both in government and private sectors.

  2. The Dom Feliciano belt in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A geological synthesis and a proposal for the geotectonic evolution of the precambrian to eopaleozoic terrains of the southern part of Santa Catarina state is presented. The methods utilized were conventional (field works, petrological studies and bibliographic analysis), including structural analysis, lithogeochemical and geochronological investigations. Over a hundred new radiometric determinations, using several methods some of which not yet available in Brazil, as U-Pb in zircon and Pb-Pb and Sm-Nd in whole rocks, are presented. The results allowed us to determine the emplacement epoch of granitoids and consequently the associated deformational phases. (author)

  3. Managing Agricultural Weather Risks in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    ARIAS CARBALLO, DIEGO; Leiva, Juan Jose; Sy, Abdoulaye; Traore, Nouhoum; Manfredi, Federico

    2013-01-01

    Agriculture plays an important role in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Most of its production depends on small family-owned farms, which are greatly exposed to climatic and price shocks. In order to help small farmers to manage risks, the federal and state governments have been carrying out several programs and measures to reduce and transfer agricultural risks. Santa Catarina ranks s...

  4. RAILWAY INDUSTRY ROADMAP IN THE STATE OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Acires; Jonny C. DA SILVA; Heitor H. KAGUEIAMA; Carolina R. HADDAD; Mauricio URIONA M.; Álvaro G.R. LEZANA; Dante L. JULIATTO

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to identify the main requirements to strengthen the railroad industry in Santa Catarina by using technology roadmapping. The railway industry is composed of carriers, manufacturers, suppliers, operators, logistics, services and education. The survey aimed to provide guidelines for the Federation of the State of Santa Catarina Industry (FIESC) to develop its strategic plan for the next eight years. Based on the survey, the roadmap defined vision, mission, a list of key concep...

  5. Antibody levels to hantavirus in inhabitants of western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    William Marciel de Souza; Alex Martins Machado; Geonildo Rodrigo Disner; Everton Boff; Aline Rafaela da Silva Rodrigues Machado; Michelly de Padua; Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo; Gustavo Borba de Miranda

    2012-01-01

    Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family Bunyaviridae, and is transmitted by aerosols of excreta of infected rodents. The aim of the present study was to determine antibody levels to hantavirus in the population that lives at frontier of Brazil and Argentina. Participated of the study 405 individuals living in the municipalities of Bandeirante, Santa Helena, Princesa and Tunapolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. IgG antibodies ...

  6. Snakes killed on the roads in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Roads cause diverse impacts to ecosystems, including habitat loss and fragmentation, alteration of the natural landscape and death of animals. However, little is known about the impact of this mortality on the animal populations. The snake fauna of the state of Santa Catarina is the least studied of southern Brazil. In this work we present data on 165 snakes of 38 species found dead on the roads of the state between 2003 and 2008, which corresponds to 50% of the snake species in relation to the expected occurrence for the state of Santa Catarina. The four most frequent species were Philodryas patagoniensis (n = 22; 13.33%, Liophis miliaris (n = 21; 12.72%, P. aestiva (n = 13; 7.87% and Bothrops jararaca (n = 12; 7.27%, which represent together about 41% of the snakes found dead on the roads. We extend the known distribution of Imantodes cenchoa by about 60km southward.

  7. Snakes killed on the roads in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.; Tobias Saraiva Kunz

    2009-01-01

    Roads cause diverse impacts to ecosystems, including habitat loss and fragmentation, alteration of the natural landscape and death of animals. However, little is known about the impact of this mortality on the animal populations. The snake fauna of the state of Santa Catarina is the least studied of southern Brazil. In this work we present data on 165 snakes of 38 species found dead on the roads of the state between 2003 and 2008, which corresponds to 50% of the snake species in relation to t...

  8. Accidental capture of vertebrates in small mammal studies in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This report contains a list of vertebrate species caught accidentally by live-traps while conducting capture and recapture studies with small mammals in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. Twentytwo terrestrial vertebrate species were registered: two amphibians, four reptiles, thirteen birds and three mammals. The use of vegetable baits as attractive smells, for example banana and peanut butter, was of great value in terms of the capture of a great diversity of species belonging to a wide range of feeding habitats, including insectivores and carnivores, probably attracted by arthropods that had fed on the baits.

  9. Antibody levels to hantavirus in inhabitants of western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    William Marciel de Souza

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family Bunyaviridae, and is transmitted by aerosols of excreta of infected rodents. The aim of the present study was to determine antibody levels to hantavirus in the population that lives at frontier of Brazil and Argentina. Participated of the study 405 individuals living in the municipalities of Bandeirante, Santa Helena, Princesa and Tunapolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. IgG antibodies to hantavirus were analyzed in sera by an ELISA that uses a recombinant N protein of Araraquara hantavirus as antigen. The results were also confirmed by immunofluorescent test. Eight individuals showed antibodies to hantavirus (1.97% positivity, with serum titers ranging from 100 to 800. Six seropositives were males, older than 30 years and farmers. Our results reinforce previous data on hantavirus circulation and human infections in the southern border of Brazil with Argentina.

  10. Running over of mammals on roads of Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil

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    Anderson Martins

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Road deaths represent a factor of great impact on fauna. This is probably one of the main causes of mortality, even for threatened species. However, studies on this subject are unknown in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Considering this lack, the present study presents records of medium to large-sized mammals killed by vehicles on the roads of this state between August 2000 and November 2005. In total, 257 records were made from 20 mammal species, most of which were obtained from the BR 116, BR 282 and BR 470 highways. Cerdocyon thous was the commonest species (82 records; 31.9%, followed by Didelphis albiventris (44; 17.1%, Procyon cancrivorus (21; 8.2%, Conepatus chinga (19; 7.4%, Dasypus novemcinctus (14; 5.4%, Tamandua tetradactyla (14; 5.4% and Sphiggurus villosus (13; 5.1%. Leopardus tigrinus (5; 1.9%, L. wiedii (1; 0.4% and one unidentified Leopardus individual were recorded as threatened species. This indicates a high number of mammals run over on the roads of Santa Catarina state, and hence the necessity of specific studies on this subject and the construction of tunnels and fences for animal passage.

  11. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon dating of Pedras Grandes Suite, southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Andréa R. Jelinek

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Two major magmatic pulses of the granitic Florianópolis Batholith in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, occurred between 613±5Ma and 595±5 Ma, during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano Cycle. These ages were obtained by U-Pb isotopic determinations with the sensitive high mass-resolution ion microprobe on igneous zircons from Pedras Grandes Suite in Santa Catarina State. Euhedral zircons remained unaltered close to a fluorite vein deposited at 180?C or more. These ages suggest a northern limit for the Pedras Grandes Suite, explaining the spatial relationship between the fluorite veins and the source rock.Dois dos principais pulsos da atividade granítica no Batólito Florianópolis em Santa Catarina ocorreram entre 613 ±5 Ma e 595 ±5 Ma, durante o Neoproterozóico do Ciclo Brasiliano. Estas idades foram obtidas a partir dedeterminações isotópicas U-Pb em cristais de zircão da Suite Pedras Grandes por "Sensitive high-resolution íon microprobe" - SHRIMP II. Os cristais de zircão permaneceram inalterados mesmo mediante condições hidrotermais com temperaturas iguais e, até mesmo, superiores a 180ºC. Estas idades sugerem a delimitação norte do Maciço Pedras Grandes, explicando a relação espacial existente entre os filões de fluorita e a rocha fonte destas mineralizações.

  12. Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (Odonata, Corduliidae from northeastern Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Ângelo Parise Pinto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (holotype male deposited in MZSP: Brazil, Santa Catarina State, [São Bento do Sul municipality, 26°14'58"S, 49°22'59"W], [railroad station] Rio Vermelho, II.1952 is described and illustrated based on three males. The long cercus (2.9-3.2 mm places this species in the longistyla-group together with N. kiautai, N. longistyla and N. nitens but it differs from them mainly by the shape of cercus, with carinated part occupying 0.33 of cercus total length, and also by dorsal, ventro-medial and ventro-lateral tubercles developed. An unusual process on tergal portion of prothorax is reported for the first time in Navicordulia. The rate of description of new species of South American 'Corduliidae' is discussed. A map with records of Atlantic Forest Navicordulia species and a list of Brazilian corduliids by state are also presented.

  13. The burden of disease due to tuberculosis in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Glenio Cesar Nunes Ferrer

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of disease due to tuberculosis in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009. METHODS: This was an epidemiological study with an ecological design. Data on tuberculosis incidence and mortality were collected from specific Brazilian National Ministry of Health databases. The burden of disease due to tuberculosis was based on the calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs. The DALYs were estimated by adding the years of life lost (YLLs and years lived with disability (YLDs. Absolute values were transformed into rates per 100,000 population. The rates were calculated by gender, age group, and health care macroregion. RESULTS: The burden of disease due to tuberculosis was 5,644.27 DALYs (92.25 DALYs/100,000 population, YLLs and YLDs respectively accounting for 78.77% and 21.23% of that total. The highest rates were found in males in the 30-44 and 45-59 year age brackets, although that was not true in every health care macroregion. Overall, the highest estimated burden was in the Planalto Norte macroregion (179.56 DALYs/100,000 population, followed by the Nordeste macroregion (167.07 DALYs/100,000 population. CONCLUSIONS: In the majority of the health care macroregions of Santa Catarina, the burden of disease due to tuberculosis was concentrated in adult males, the level of that concentration varying among the various macroregions.

  14. Magnetometry, radiometry and gammaspectrometry of the Janjao diatreme, Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic, radiometric and gamma spectrometric surveys have been carried out on the Janjao diatreme which outcrops near Lajes in central-east Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The body is deeply weathered on the surface and its concentrates contain serpentinized olivine, phlogopote, pyroxenes, ilmenites, garnet and zircon. The interpretation of the magnetic anomaly revealed an irregular diatreme whose main dimensions are 50 X 190 meters. A vertical to subvertical dyke cuts the main diatreme. The radiometric anomaly as well as the potassium content helped to delineate the contacts between the diatreme and its country rocks (sandstones). Faults striking NNE controlled the emplacement of the Janjao diatreme as well as the intrusion of an alkaline dyke located near the diatreme. (Author)

  15. New record of the King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Aves, Cathartiformes in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and considerations about its conservation status

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    Fernando Rodrigo Tortato

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa occurs from Mexico to Uruguay, in northern Argentina, and throughout Brazil where it is more frequent in the northern region. The species is rare in Santa Catarina State, with 11 known records. This work reports a recent record of the King Vulture in the Doutor Pedrinho municipality in Santa Catarina State, and contributes to the knowledge about the conservation status and ocurrence of this bird in southern Brazil.

  16. New record of the King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Aves, Cathartiformes) in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and considerations about its conservation status

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Rodrigo Tortato; Adrian Eisen Rupp

    2007-01-01

    The King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa occurs from Mexico to Uruguay, in northern Argentina, and throughout Brazil where it is more frequent in the northern region. The species is rare in Santa Catarina State, with 11 known records. This work reports a recent record of the King Vulture in the Doutor Pedrinho municipality in Santa Catarina State, and contributes to the knowledge about the conservation status and ocurrence of this bird in southern Brazil.

  17. Autochthonous Chagas' disease in Santa Catarina State, Brazil: report of the first case of digestive tract involvement

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    Maegawa Felipe Antonio Boff

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the first case of digestive tract pathology (megaesophagus determined by Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. A 63-year- old female had presumptive clinical diagnosis of Chagas' disease, which was confirmed by imaging (endoscopy and esophagogram and immunological methods. Further molecular diagnosis was carried out with esophagus and blood samples collected during corrective surgery. Polymerase chain reaction tested positive for Trypanosoma cruzi in both esophagus and buffy coat samples.

  18. Pedotransfer functions to estimate retention and availability of water in soils of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    André da Costa; Jackson Adriano Albuquerque; Jaime Antônio de Almeida; Adriano da Costa; Rodrigo Vieira Luciano

    2013-01-01

    Studies on water retention and availability are scarce for subtropical or humid temperate climate regions of the southern hemisphere. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations of the soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties with water retention and availability for the generation and validation of continuous point pedotransfer functions (PTFs) for soils of the State of Santa Catarina (SC) in the South of Brazil. Horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in areas under diff...

  19. Prevalence of serum antibodies to hantavirus in a rural population from the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Gregório Wrublevski Pereira

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Rodent-borne hantaviruses cause severe human diseases. We completed a serological survey of hantavirus infection in rural inhabitants of Turvo County, in the southern State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in which seropositivity for hantavirus was correlated to previous disease in the participants. METHODS: The levels of IgG antibodies to hantavirus Araraquara in the sera of 257 individuals were determined using an immunoenzymatic assay. RESULTS: IgG antibodies to hantavirus were found in 2.3% of the participants. All seropositive participants reported previous disease with symptoms suggestive of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Human infections causing unreported cardiopulmonary syndrome probably occur in the southern State of Santa Catarina.

  20. Incidence of tuberculous meningitis in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Cíntia Helena de Souza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of tuberculous meningitis in the State of Santa Catarina (SC, Brazil, during the period from 2001 to 2010. Methods Ecological, temporal, and descriptive methods were employed using data obtained from the Information System on Disease Notification (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. Results One hundred sixteen reported cases of tuberculous meningitis occurred from 2001 to 2010, corresponding to 1.2% (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants of all meningitis cases reported in SC. There was a predominance of new cases in males, corresponding to 56.9% of new cases (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants; males vs. females; p=0.374, in patients aged 20-39 years, corresponding to 52.6% of new cases (0.5 cases/100,000 inhabitants; 20-39 years versus others; p<0.001, and in urban areas, corresponding to 91.4% of new cases (0.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants; urban vs. rural; p=0.003. In 48.3% of cases, the outcome was death. Conclusions The incidence rate of tuberculous meningitis in SC has increased within the last decade, with the most affected population comprising young adult white males with an average education. Thus, tuberculous meningitis remains a serious disease, emphasizing the need for disease prevention with vaccination campaigns against tuberculosis, the development of faster and more accurate diagnostic methods, and the use of current epidemiological knowledge regarding the disease to facilitate the establishment of early treatment.

  1. Mitochondrial discrimination of stingless bees Tetragonisca angustula (Apidae: Meliponini) from Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Koling, Diego Fagundes; Moretto, Geraldo

    2010-01-01

    The stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula is a meliponini bee naturally distributed from Argentina to Mexico. Morphologically, based on the mesepisternum color, it is separated into T. angustula angustula and T. angustula fiebrigi subspecies. The objective of this study was to characterize the restriction site variation in the mitochondrial DNA of each subspecies. Samples of worker bees were collected from two regions of Santa Catarina state, known as having a natural distribution of each subs...

  2. Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil: Relevant records and new localities

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    Evair Legal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available With the growing ornithological research in Santa Catarina, many localities have already acquired good knowledge about their avifauna, but, some groups of birds are still sub-sampled in most of these ornithological studies. This sub-sampling of certain avian groups, such as the nocturnal (Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes, may prejudice the evaluation of occurrence status and population state of these species. Thus, we present records of seven Strigiformes species (Megascops sanctaecatarinae, Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana, Strix hylophila, S. virgata, Glaucidium minutissimum, G. brasilianum and Asio stygius and six Caprimulgiformes (Nyctibius griseus, Podager nacunda, Nyctidromus albicollis, Caprimulgus sericocaudatus, C. longirostris and Macropsalis forcipata observed in our studies, and all the species presented here were recorded in at least one unprecedented location in Santa Catarina.

  3. Conidiobolomicose causada por Conidiobolus lamprauges em ovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina Conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Fernando Henrique Furlan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se um surto de conidiobolomicose em ovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina. O surto ocorreu entre os meses de dezembro e março de 2006, no município de Santo Amaro da Imperatriz, região litorânea do Estado. A propriedade possuía 75 ovinos da raça Santa Inês e seis desses animais adoeceram. Clinicamente os animais doentes apresentavam dificuldade respiratória, corrimento nasal seroso a mucossanguinolento e, por vezes exolftalmia. Na necropsia verificou-se uma massa amarelada na região etmoidal e adjacências que, às vezes, atingia os linfonodos regionais, cérebro, globo ocular e pleura. Microscopicamente a massa caracterizava-se por infiltrado inflamatório granulomatoso com áreas necróticas associadas a hifas largas pouco ramificadas. Através de exame molecular detectou-se DNA de Conidiobolus lamprauges. Os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos, macroscópicos, microscópicos e moleculares caracterizam a conidiobolomicose causada por Conidiobolus lamprauges em ovinos.An outbreak of conidiobolomycosis affecting sheep in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil is reported. The disease occurred in six Santa Inês breed sheep from a flock of 75 during the rainy season. Common clinical signs were noisy respiration and dyspnea, serous to mucosanguineous nasal discharge and exophthalmus. At necropsy there was a dense yellow mass in the nasopharyngeal area affecting the ethmoidal region, turbinate bones and occasionally limph nodes, central nervous system and pleura. Histopathologycally there was multifocal granulomas whith an eosinophilic necrotic reaction containing ribbon type hyphae similar to zygomycetous fungi. At molecular examination Conidiobolus lamprauges DNA was detected. The clinical, epidemiological, macroscopical, microscopical and molecular aspects characterize conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep.

  4. Distribuição de Biomphalaria (Gastropoda, Planorbidae nos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina, Brasil The distribution of Biomphalaria (Gastropoda, Planorbidae in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina States, Brazil

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    Horacio Manuel Santana Teles

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available É apresentada análise dos conhecimentos sobre a biogeografia das espécies de Biomphalaria transmissoras de Schistosoma mansoni, abrangendo os Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina (Brasil bem como o relato do encontro de novas localidades colonizadas pelos planorbídeos. Comenta possibilidade da expansão da esquistossomose ao sul do Brasil.An analysis to determine new localities colonized by the intermediate snail hosts (B. straminea, B. tenagophila and B. tenagophila tenagophila of Schistosoma mansoni from Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina States (Brazil was carried out. As regards the geographical distribuition of the schistosomiasis vector, the possible extension of the endemic disease to Southernmost Brazil is commented on.

  5. Heavy rainfall equations for Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Álvaro José Back

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF relationships of rainfall events is extremely important to determine the dimensions of surface drainage structures and soil erosion control. The purpose of this study was to obtain IDF equations of 13 rain gauge stations in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil: Chapecó, Urussanga, Campos Novos, Florianópolis, Lages, Caçador, Itajaí, Itá, Ponte Serrada, Porto União, Videira, Laguna and São Joaquim. The daily rainfall data charts of each station were digitized and then the annual maximum rainfall series were determined for durations ranging from 5 to 1440 min. Based on these, with the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall was estimated for durations ranging from 5 min to 24 h, considering return periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 years,. Data agreement with the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, at 5 % significance level. For each rain gauge station, two IDF equations of rainfall events were adjusted, one for durations from 5 to 120 min and the other from 120 to 1440 min. The results show a high variability in maximum intensity of rainfall events among the studied stations. Highest values of coefficients of variation in the annual maximum series of rainfall were observed for durations of over 600 min at the stations of the coastal region of Santa Catarina.

  6. Water retention and availability in soils of the State of Santa Catarina-Brazil: effect of textural classes, soil classes and lithology

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The retention and availability of water in the soil vary according to the soil characteristics and determine plant growth. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate water retention and availability in the soils of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, according to the textural class, soil class and lithology. The surface and subsurface horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in different regions of the State and different cover crops to determine field capacity, permanent wilting point, availab...

  7. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil)

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    Pasquale Contestabile; Vincenzo Ferrante; Diego Vicinanza

    2015-01-01

    Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bri...

  8. Pedotransfer functions to estimate retention and availability of water in soils of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    André da Costa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Studies on water retention and availability are scarce for subtropical or humid temperate climate regions of the southern hemisphere. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations of the soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties with water retention and availability for the generation and validation of continuous point pedotransfer functions (PTFs for soils of the State of Santa Catarina (SC in the South of Brazil. Horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in areas under different cover crops and regions of SC, to determine: field capacity (FC, 10 kPa, permanent wilting point (PWP, 1,500 kPa, available water content (AW, by difference, saturated hydraulic conductivity, bulk density, aggregate stability, particle size distribution (seven classes, organic matter content, and particle density. Chemical and mineralogical properties were obtained from the literature. Spearman's rank correlation analysis and path analysis were used in the statistical analyses. The point PTFs for estimation of FC, PWP and AW were generated for the soil surface and subsurface through multiple regression analysis, followed by robust regression analysis, using two sets of predictive variables. Soils with finer texture and/or greater organic matter content retain more moisture, and organic matter is the property that mainly controls the water availability to plants in soil surface horizons. Path analysis was useful in understanding the relationships between soil properties for FC, PWP and AW. The predictive power of the generated PTFs to estimate FC and PWP was good for all horizons, while AW was best estimated by more complex models with better prediction for the surface horizons of soils in Santa Catarina.

  9. Effectiveness of a mass immunization campaign against serogroup C meningococci in children in the Federal State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Emil Kupek

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available In addition to vaccine efficacy studies, there is a pressing need to evaluate vaccine effectiveness in a way that takes into account the limitations of health care systems in certain settings. An attempt to reach this objective was exemplified by a vaccination campaign against serogroup C meningococci in the federal state of Santa Catarina, in Brazil. A polysaccharide vaccine against serogroup C meningococci was administered to all individuals between 6 months and 14 years of age in March, 1996, in the municipalities that had the highest incidence of meningococcal disease in the previous year. All cases of the disease due to this serogroup observed in Santa Catarina during a 1-year period before and after the vaccination were included in the analysis. The cumulative incidence rate ratio was calculated for the unvaccinated compared to the vaccinated area. As a second step, the ratio of this quantity for the period before and after the vaccination, i.e. the ratio of the rate ratios (RRR, was calculated. One minus RRR was used to estimate the vaccine effectiveness. In the general population, the vaccine effectiveness was 74.3% (95% confidence intervals 52.7% to 99.6%. In children 6 months to 14 years, vaccine effectiveness was 93.1% (85.2% to 100%. Vaccine effectiveness could not be confirmed within more specific age bands, probably due to the lack of statistical power. It is concluded that group C meningococcal vaccine is effective in reducing the occurrence of meningococcal disease in children 6 months to 14 years of age, and that the ratio of rate ratios (RRR in a useful method to evaluate vaccine effectiveness.

  10. Reflections on intervention strategies with respect to the process of alcoholization and self-care practices among Kaingang indigenous people in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Ari Ghiggi Junior; Esther Jean Langdon

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on ethnographic research on the Xapecó Indigenous Reservation in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, examines the sociocultural context of the use of alcoholic beverages among the Kaingang indigenous people. The authors also discuss the experience with an intervention involving government agencies and nongovernmental organizations that attempted to deal with alcohol-related problems on the reserve. Based on the concepts of alcoholization and self-care practices, the study analyz...

  11. Toward a better understanding of the subtropical Atlantic Forest in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil: tree sampling accuracy, species richness and frequency of rare species

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    Vanessa Leite Rezende; Eisenlohr, Pedro V.; André Luís de Gasper; Alexander Christian Vibrans; Ary Teixeira de Oliveira-Filho

    2014-01-01

    Accurate knowledge of floristic composition is crucial when planning and designing research projects and public policies. In this study, our goal was to assess tree sampling accuracy and to identify sites with higher concentrations of rare tree species, as well as those with the highest tree species richness, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We determined sampling accuracy using the first-order jackknife and Chao 2 estimators, calculated the number of rare species (singletons and doubl...

  12. [Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old) in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnack, Felice Jaqueline; Fontana Ld, Lidiani de Medeiros; Barbosa, Paulo Roberto; Silva, Loraine Storch Meyer da; Baillargeon, Clair Maria Martinello; Barichello, Tatiana; Póvoa, Marinete Marins; Cavasini, Carlos Eug nio; Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas

    2003-01-01

    Enteropathogens were investigated in 94 children with diarrhea and 45 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, attending an outpatient unit in Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cryptosporidium (85.1%) topped the list of parasite isolates, followed by Entamoeba histolytica (56.4%) and Giardia lamblia (4.3%). Four samples contained enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (4.3%). Samonella and Shiguella were not detected. Only one sample contained rotavirus (1.1%). PMID:12973585

  13. Structural analysis and magmatism characterization of the Major Gercino shear zone, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describes the geometric and kinematic characteristics of the Major Gercino Shear Zone (MGSZ) in the Canelinha-Garcia area. This shear zone is one of the major lineaments that affect all southern Brazilian precambrian terrains. In Santa Catarina State, it separates, along its whole extension, the supracrustal rocks of the Brusque belt (northern part) from the Granitoid belt (southern). This zone is characterized by a regional NE trend and a dextral sense of movement where ductile-brittle structures predominate. The MGSZ is composed of two mylonitic belts separated by granitoid rocks probably associated to the development of the shear zone. Both shear zones show cataclastic to ultra mylonitic rocks, but mylonites and protomylonites conditions at high strain rate. The calc-alkaline granitoids present in the area can be grouped in two granitoid associations with meta to peraluminous affinities. The Rolador Granitoid Association is characterized by grayish porphyritic biotite-monzogranites and the Fernandes Granitoid Association by coarsed-grained to porphyritic pinkish amphibole-syenogranites. The U-Pb and Rb-Sr ages range from 670 to 590 Ma with the Sr87 / Sr86 initial ratios suggesting a crustal contribution in the generation of these rocks. The importance of the pure shear component is also emphasized by the results of the Fry method. Many z axes of the strain ellipses are at high angle to the shear foliation. Symmetric porphyroclasts also corroborate this hypothesis. The micaceous minerals formed during the shear development indicate K-Ar ages around 555 ± 15 Ma. Brittle reactivations of the shear zone have been placed by K-Ar in fine-fraction materials at Triassic time (215 ± 15 Ma.)

  14. The Influence of Sales Promotion on Customer Acquisition: A Study in Hospitality in Santa Catarina StateBrazil

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    Tiago Savi Mondo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The actions of marketing communication implemented by organizations serve different purposes including attracting and capturing customers. Sales promotion, a form of communication, stands out as an effective short-term action. Based on these considerations, the main purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of sales promotion on hotels in Santa Catarina State - Brazil. The study is characterized as exploratory and descriptive, and utilizes both a qualitative and a quantitative approach. The qualitative phase consisted of data from 13 hotels and the quantitative phase consisted of respondents from 52 hotels. All hotels surveyed are linked to the Hospitality Industry Association-SC (ABIH-SC. The survey was conducted from March to August 2010. The main results indicate that sales promotion is primarily used during the least busy season (low season, with the focus on increasing occupancy, corresponding to what the theory suggests - short-term solutions. Moreover, the action was considered very important for attracting customers because it provides the basis for the increase in occupancy during the low season.   DOI: 10.5585/remark.v12i2.2296

  15. [General awareness and use of generic medication among citizens of Tubarão, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blatt, Carine Raquel; Trauthman, Silvana Cristina; Schmidt, Edegar Henrique; Marchesan, Samuel; da Silva, Luana May; Martins, João Luiz

    2012-01-01

    Although generic medication has been introduced in the country to offer an accessible alternative to brand-name medication, it represents only 14% of sales in number of units within the pharmaceutical market. The aim of this work was to research the level of awareness and the use of generic products among residents of the municipality of Tubarão, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A transversal study was carried out with a sample of 234 interviewees, distributed among municipal areas. With regard to use, the majority of those interviewed had used generic medication, and half of them had at least one such product in their home. To verify awareness of different types of medication, pictures with the generic, brand name and similar packaging for paracetamol and atenolol were shown and 91% were able to identify all products correctly. To be of higher economic standing, already having used generic products, believing that the generic medication has the same effect as the brand name medication, finding generic products in drugstores easily and being accustomed to buy generic products, were factors that were positively associated with the correct identification. PMID:22218542

  16. Rate air Kerma entrance skin of patients undergoing hemodynamic procedures in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of the measured values of the skin entrance Air Kerma Rate in patients submitted to hemodynamic procedures, in the State of Santa Catarina, using as limit values set by the International Basic Safety Standards Guide, published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ), and comparing them to the limits established by the Ordinance No. 453/1998. Tests were performed to measure the rate of Kerma skin entrance in 13 hemodynamic equipment in 10 hospitals in the state of Santa Catarina, between January 2011 and December 2012, in hemodynamic operated through fluoroscopy mode. Among the evaluated equipment, 77% disagree with the limits established in the International Basic Safety Standards, however, if compared the values of the Air Kerma rate obtained with the limit established by Ordinance No. 453, 100% of the devices are approved. The results obtained in this paper suggest the need for revision of the Ordinance No. 453/1998, by the regulatory agencies. (author)

  17. Entanglements of right whales, Eubalaena australis (Cetacea, Mysticeti), in the 2010 breeding season in Santa Catarina state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Mônica Pontalti; Mônica Danielski

    2011-01-01

    Right whales (Eubalaena australis) have been suffering with anthropogenic activities such as pollution, marine traffic and entanglement in fishing nets. The entanglement of right whales grows each breeding season on the southern coast of Santa Catarina state, and can cause strands and even death. During the 2010 breeding season, six entanglements among immature and adult whales were recorded. In most of the cases, the whales kept swimming slowly and didn’t want to approximate the whale watchi...

  18. Composition of mixed-species flocks of forest birds in the Parque Estadual das Araucárias, western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Mixed-species flocks are associations of two or more species possibly derived from the maximization of foraging and/or minimization of predation. Several studies with mixed-species flocks have been carried out in southern Brazil, but none of them in a native Araucaria forest. Mixed-species bird flocks were surveyed between 2006 to 2007 at the Parque Estadual das Araucárias (PEA), in São Domingos, in the western part of the state of Santa Catarina. Fifty-six species were recorded in 29 flocks ...

  19. Bromeliad-associated mosquitoes from Atlantic forest in Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil (Diptera, Culicidae, with new records for the State of Santa Catarina Mosquitos associados a bromélias em Mata Atlântica na Ilha de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil (Diptera, Culicidae, com novos registros para o Estado de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerson Azulim Müller

    Full Text Available Bromeliad-associated mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae in Atlantic Forest in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, were studied, examining plants of Vriesea philippocoburgi Wawra and Aechmea lindenii (E. Morren Baker var. lindenii at secondary Atlantic rain forest, and A. lindenii and Vriesea friburgensis Mez var. paludosa (L. B. Smith at "restinga" per month, during 12 months. No immature forms of mosquitoes were collected from A. lindenii in the secondary forest. Collections obtained 368 immature mosquitoes, none of them from A. lindenii from rain forest. Culex (Microculex spp. constituted 79.8% of the total, Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia spp. 17.93%, and Anopheles (Kerteszia cruzii (Dyar & Knab, 1908 only 1.36%. The study shows the great predominance of species of medical importance not yet proved, and the small number of immature stages of anopheline mosquitoes. The rainfall, but not the mean temperatures, significantly influenced the quantity of mosquitoes from V. philippocoburgi. Significant differences between the quantities of immature forms of all the bromeliad species were found, and the shape of the plants could be important to the abundance of mosquitoes. All six species of Cx. (Microculex found are recorded for the first time in the State of Santa Catarina, and all six species of Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia are recorded for the first time in bromeliads in this state.Mosquitos (Diptera: Culicidae associados a bromélias em Mata Atlântica na Ilha de Santa Catarina, no Estado de Santa Catarina, foram estudados. Foram examinadas mensalmente plantas de Vriesea philippocoburgi Wawra e Aechmea lindenii (E. Morren Baker var. lindenii de floresta atlântica pluvial ombrófila e A. lindenii e Vriesea friburgensis Mez var. paludosa (L. B. Smith de restinga, durante 12 meses. As coletas resultaram em 368 formas imaturas de mosquitos, sendo que nenhuma foi coletada em A. lindenii de mata ombrófila. Culex (Microculex spp. constituíram 79,8% do total

  20. Assessment of the genotoxic impact of pesticides on farming communities in the countryside of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Jaqueli Salvagni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the use of pesticides on farms located in the Lambedor River watershed in Guatambu, State of Santa Catarina, as well as to determine, by micronucleus testing, the risk of genotoxic impact. Samples from locally collected Cyprinus carpio, Hypostomus punctatus, Rhamdia quelen and Oreochromis niloticus gave evidence of a mean increase in micronuclei frequency from 6.21 to 13.78 in 1,000 erythrocytes, a clear indication of the genotoxic potenciality of pesticide residues in regional dams, and their significant contribution to local environmental contamination.

  1. Entanglements of right whales, Eubalaena australis (Cetacea, Mysticeti, in the 2010 breeding season in Santa Catarina state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Pontalti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Right whales (Eubalaena australis have been suffering with anthropogenic activities such as pollution, marine traffic and entanglement in fishing nets. The entanglement of right whales grows each breeding season on the southern coast of Santa Catarina state, and can cause strands and even death. During the 2010 breeding season, six entanglements among immature and adult whales were recorded. In most of the cases, the whales kept swimming slowly and didn’t want to approximate the whale watching boat. Fishing activities in the area during the right whale breeding season need to be regularized to avoid conflicts and injuries to the whales.

  2. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Contestabile

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bring more than 1 GW of capacity. Assessment of wave energy resources is needed along the coastline. This work studied the potential wave energy along the north-central coasts of Santa Catarina, in Southern Brazil, by analysis of the hindcast data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF. The annual offshore wave power was found to be equal to 15.25 kW/m, the bulk of which is provided by southeastern waves. The nearshore energetic patterns were studied by means of a numerical coastal propagation model (Mike21 SW. The mean wave power of 20 m isobaths is 11.43 kW/m. Supplementary considerations are drawn on realistic perspectives for wave energy converters installations.

  3. Seabather's eruption: a clinical and epidemiological study of 38 cases in Santa Catarina State, Brazil Prurido do traje de banho: estudo clínico e epidemiológico de 38 casos no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Rossetto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Seabather's eruption (SBE is an intensely itchy, papule-erythematous dermatitis that occurs predominantly in regions of the body covered by bathing costumes, after exposure to marine water. The planulae larvae of Linuche unguiculata scyphomedusae (thimble jellyfish are the etiologic agent of the dermatitis, which is frequent in waters of Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and Florida. The authors report 38 cases of SBE in the State of Santa Catarina (Southern region of Brazil, with emphasis on their clinical and epidemiological aspects, such as profile of victim, topography of the papules and conditions predisposing to the accident.Os Cnidários são animais marinhos que estão relacionados com uma variedade de acidentes acometendo banhistas em regiões litorâneas. A larva plânula da cifomedusa Linuche unguiculata (uma pequena água-viva é o agente etiológico de uma dermatite pápulo-eritematosa, intensamente pruriginosa, denominada Prurido do Traje de Banho. Acomete principalmente áreas do corpo cobertas pelo traje de banho, após exposição à água do mar. Sua presença é freqüente nas águas do Caribe, Golfo do México e da Flórida (Estados Unidos, local onde foi descrita pela primeira vez. Os autores relatam uma série de casos de Prurido do Traje de Banho ocorridos no Estado de Santa Catarina (região do sul do Brasil, com ênfase em seus aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos.

  4. Perfil epidemiológico do sarampo no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, de 1996 a 2000 Measles epidemiology in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, 1996-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina de Sousa Santos Faversani

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo ecológico, baseado nos dados secundários da vigilância epidemiológica e usando município como unidade de análise, mostrou que as coberturas da vacina contra sarampo foram menores de níveis necessários para erradicação (95% e controle (90% em grande parte do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, antes e durante a epidemia de 1997, principalmente da segunda dose da vacina, prevista para 15 meses de idade dentro da vacina triviral. Houve melhora nos anos seguintes, mas continuou faltando a homogeneidade da cobertura. Baixas coberturas vacinais foram associadas com maior incidência de sarampo, mas, no ano epidêmico de 1997, surtos menores de sarampo ocorreram até em alguns municípios com coberturas acima de 95% no primeiro ano de vida, com maior concentração naqueles com baixa cobertura da vacina triviral. Cerca de 80% dos casos de sarampo no período de 1996-2000 ocorreram entre escolares e jovens adultos. A circulação do vírus do sarampo no ano anterior e a densidade populacional aumentaram o risco de sarampo. Dois casos importados em 2004 ilustram bem porque ainda não podemos falar de erradicação e sim de eliminação do sarampo no Estado.This ecological study, based on an analysis of secondary data from epidemiological surveillance and using the municipality (county as the unit of analysis, showed that measles vaccine coverage was lower than necessary for eradication (95% and control (90% in many municipalities in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, both before and during the last epidemic in 1997, particularly regarding the second dose of the vaccine, applied as a component of the MMR vaccine, scheduled at 15 months of age. Low vaccine coverage was associated with higher measles incidence. However, during the 1997 epidemic small-scale measles outbreaks were recorded even in municipalities with first-dose coverage of 95% or higher, particularly among those which also had low second-dose coverage for MMR

  5. Neospora caninum antibodies in dairy cattle of Lages Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil Anticuerpos séricos contra Neospora caninum en rebaños lecheros de la ciudad de Lages, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    AB Moura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Bovines are the main intermediary host of the protozoan Neospora caninum, which is a major cause of bovine abortions and neonatal mortality worldwide. Sera were collected from 373 dairy cattle and 33 dogs on 19 dairy farms in Lages city, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, to determine the prevalence of N. caninum antibodies and risk factors. Tests for N. caninum antibodies were done using an indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT. Positive reactions with titers ≥ 1:200 (cattle and ≥ 1:50 (dogs were found in 86 (23.1% and seven (21.2% bovines and dogs, respectively. Of the bovines, four (1.1% were calves, 33 (8.8% were heifers, 314 (84.2% were lactating cows, 19 (5.1% were dry cows and three (0.8% were bulls. Infection was primarily found in animals with low milk production (P = 0.008. The presence of seropositive dogs on the properties did not affect the prevalence of bovine infection. No correlation between bovine reproductive disorders and the prevalence of N. caninum antibodies was observed. Our results showed that N. caninum infection is widespread among dairy cattle of Lages, Santa Catarina.Los bovinos son los principales hospederos intermediarios del coccidio Neospora caninum. En esta especie se concentran la mayoría de los daños reproductivos. A fin de determinar la prevalencia de N. caninum e identificar factores de riesgo para la infección en el ganado lechero de la ciudad de Lages, Estado de Santa Catarina, se tomaron muestras de sangre de bovinos (n = 373 y los perros (n = 33 en 19 propiedades. La detección de anticuerpos contra N. caninum fue realizada por medio de IFA. Fueron consideradas positivas las muestras con títulos ≥ 200 (ganado bovino y ≥ 50 (perros. Informaciones relacionadas con la categoría de los animales, la raza, la frecuencia y tipo de trastornos de la reproducción, la producción de leche y la presencia de los perros fueron obtenidos mediante un cuestionario. Los datos fueron analizados con la

  6. Fumonisins B1 and B2 in corn-based products commercialized in the state of Santa Catarina - Southern Brazil

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    Rejane Maria Cirra Scaff

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Corn flour, "canjica" (corn grits, corn flakes and popcorn for human consumption, commercialized in Santa Catarina (n=82, were analyzed in order to detect the presence of fumonisins B1 (FB1 and B2 (FB2. From the samples, 92.68% showed detectable levels of Fumonisins (FBs. Corn flour showed the highest level of contamination (91.5% with average levels of 3.811 and 5.737 mg/g for the home-processed and industrialized products, respectively. The next most contaminated product was popcorn with a average of 2.872 mg/g and an occurrence in 91.6% of the samples. All samples of corn flakes were contaminated with an average of 1.307 mg/g. The product with the lowest levels of FBs was "canjica" with a average contamination of 0.732 mg/g. These results indicated the need of monitoring corn-based products in this state.Farinha de milho, canjica, flocos de milho, milho de pipoca, destinados ao consumo humano e comercializados em Santa Catarina (n=82, foram analisados a fim de determinar a ocorrência de fumonisinas B1 (FB1 e B2 (FB2. Das amostras, 92,68 % apresentaram níveis detectáveis de FBs. A farinha de milho apresentou os maiores níveis de contaminação (91,5% com níveis médios 3,811 e 5,737 mg/g para as de preparo artesanal e industrializadas, respectivamente. O segundo produto mais contaminado foi o milho de pipoca com uma média de contaminação de 2,872 mg/g e ocorrência em 91,6% das amostras. Todas as amostras de flocos de milho apresentaram contaminação com uma média de 1,307 mg/g. O produto com menores níveis de FBs foi a canjica com contaminação média de 0,732 mg/g. Estes resultados indicam a necessidade de monitoramento dos produtos derivados de milho em nosso Estado, ressaltando-se que os níveis mais expressivos foram encontrados em produtos comercializados no Sul e Oeste de SC, regiões agrícolas, marcadamente colonizadas por descendentes de italianos, consumidores habituais de produtos derivados de milho, particularmente a

  7. The safety and the work organization in a coal subterranean mining of the region of Criciuma - Santa Catarina State, Brazil; A seguranca e a organizacao do trabalho em uma mineracao subterranea de carvao da regiao de Criciuma - Santa Catarina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barreiros, Dorival

    1996-07-01

    The subject of this thesis is related with work organization and working conditions in the conventional mining system used in underground coal mining. An exploratory study was conducted in a mining company located in Criciuma, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The objective was to know how tasks were performed and which organizational and technical factors affected the safety of the workers. The study of work organization and working conditions has traditionally been a meeting ground for contributions from a variety of disciplines such as engineering, sociology, psychology, occupational medicine, and so on, and for that reason there are different approaches. Therefore one can expect some controversies over the matter. Although there are many controversies and methodological difficulties to establish causal relation with the risks observed in the production process, under many circumstances the work organization affects the working conditions and the performance of the workers. Working conditions are still a problem which needs solutions with new approaches, mainly concerning work organization alternatives, which can satisfy not only enterprises but also better working conditions. (author)

  8. Primeiro registro de Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore 1964, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae em Eucalipto no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil First record of Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore 1964, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae in Eucalyptus in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Junir Antonio Lutinski

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Conhecido como psilídeo-de-concha, Glycaspis brimblecombei é um inseto sugador de origem australiana e ataca várias espécies de eucalipto. Sua presença no Brasil foi registrada pela primeira vez no Estado de São Paulo em junho de 2003. Posteriormente, sua ocorrência foi registrada também para os Estados de Minas Gerais, Goiás, Paraná e Mato Grosso do Sul. As ninfas possuem coloração amarelada e encontram-se protegidas sob pequenas conchas enquanto os adultos, com coloração marrom-alaranjado a amarelo-esverdeado, medem cerca de três milímetros de comprimento. Dentre os principais danos que causam às plantas estão a queda prematura das folhas, redução da área fotossintética e superbrotamento. Em alguns casos, pode levar à morte da planta. No Estado de Santa Catarina, o G. brimblecombei foi encontrado atacando algumas plantas de Eucalyptus tereticornis localizadas no pátio de uma empresa no perímetro urbano da cidade de Chapecó.Known as Red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei is a sucker insect of Australian origin whose attacks several eucalyptus species. Its presence in Brazil was reported for the first time in the São Paulo State in June, 2003. Later, its occurrence was also registered in Minas Gerais, Goiás, Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul States. The nymphs possess yellowish color and they are protected under small shells while the adults have brown-orange to yellow-greenish color, and about three milimeters. Among the main damages that causes to the plants are the premature leaves fall and reduction of the photosynthetic area. In some cases it can occurs plant death. In Santa Catarina State it was found attacking some trees of Eucalyptus tereticornis in the courtyard of a company in the urban perimeter of the Chapecó town.

  9. Experimental infection with different bacterial strains in larvae and juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei reared in Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Infecção experimental em larvas e juvenis de Litopaenaeus vannamei cultivados no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Celso Carlos Buglione

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the pathogenic characteristics of bacteria isolated from Litopenaeus vannamei during an outbreak at the Laboratory of Marine Shrimp, UFSC, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Their virulence potential in larvae and juvenile shrimp and theeffects on the total haemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity and serum agglutinate titre were examined after experimental infection. Bacterial strains were isolated from larvae and adult shrimps, identified by the AP120E biochemical system as: two strains of Vibrioalginolyticus, three of Aeromonas salmonicida and one of Pasteurella multocida sp. and Pasteurella sp. All the bacterial strains isolated in this study caused mortality in shrimp. One strain of V. alginolyticus was responsible for 97.3 and 88.7% mortality in larvae and juvenil shrimps, respectively. The shrimp immunological system was influenced by experimental infection with V. alginolyticus. Decrease in the total haemocyte count and increase in the phenoloxidase activity and the serum agglutinate titre (p Este estudo avaliou as características patogênicas de cepas de bactérias isoladas de Litopenaeus vannamei durante surto de mortalidade no Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, UFSC, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Seu potencial de virulência em larvas e juvenis de camarão marinho e os efeitos sobre a contagem total de hemócito, atividade de fenoloxidase e título aglutinante do soro foramavaliados após infecção experimental. As cepas bacterianas foram isoladas de larvas e de camarões adultos e identificadas bioquimicamente pelo sistema API20E como: duas cepas de Vibrio alginolyticus, três de Aeromonas salmonicida e uma de Pasteurella sp. e P. multocida. Todas as cepas isoladas provocaram mortalidade em L. vannamei, e uma de V. alginolyticus resultou em mortalidade de 97,3 e 88,7% para larvas e juvenis de camarões, respectivamente. O sistema imunológico dos camarões juvenis sofreu influência da infecção experimental

  10. Evaluation of toxicity risks in farmers exposed to pesticides in an agricultural community in Concórdia, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v35i1.11227

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria; Luís Flávio Souza Oliveira; Mário Lettieri Teixeira; Daniele Detófano

    2013-01-01

    There has been an increase during recent years in the use of pesticides in agricultural activities to improve productivity, reduce labor costs and increase profits. On the other hand, the use of pesticides in excess or without adequate biosafety practices could lead to serious harm to human health. Current research evaluated toxicity risks in the case of 50 agricultural workers from the São Paulo Rural Community in the municipality of Concordia, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, who were exposed ...

  11. First record of the torrent frog Hylodes heyeri (Anura, Hylodidae in Santa Catarina State, South Brazil and acoustic comparison with the cryptic species Hylodes perplicatus (Anura, Hylodidae

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    Juliane Petry de Carli Monteiro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report the first record of the torrent frog Hylodes heyeri in Santa Catarina State, South Brazil, previously known from localities along the Atlantic Rainforest in the states of São Paulo and Paraná. We also performed an acoustic comparison between the calls of H. heyeri and H. perplicatus due to their morphological similarity and because now they could be found in sympatry. There was a greater variation in advertisement call duration for both species, than previously stated in the literature, probably related to variation in air temperature. To distinguish the two species, besides the differences in dominant frequency, a temporal parameter that could be used was the interval between notes, but call duration should not be used due to the influence of air temperature. Our findings reinforce the urgency for more field activities to enhance our knowledge of the geographic distribution of anuran amphibians, to promote their conservation, and to call attention to the importance of detailed acoustic analysis to distinguish cryptic species.

  12. Microbiological Water Quality Assessment of Watershed Associated with Swine Production in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Catarina State has the largest pig producers in Brazil and its West region has the highest concentration of swine production. Diagnostic assessment conducted by Embrapa Swine and Poultry Scientists in 2003 reported that more than 90% of 3,821 pig farms didn't have the required environmental li...

  13. Anofelinos de Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brasil Anophelines of Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brazil

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    Maria da Graça Teixeira Portes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No Brasil, a Região Amazônica é endêmica em malária. Em Santa Catarina, a malária foi eliminada na década de 80. A partir daí, ocorreram poucos casos autóctones isolados, e esporádicos. No entanto, em função da existência do vetor em seu território, da existência de extensa área endêmica no Brasil e da grande mobilidade de pessoas em áreas turísticas no estado, existe a probabilidade de reintrodução da doença. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se os seguintes dados: Banco de Dados do Núcleo de Entomologia da Fundação Nacional de Saúde, Santa Catarina (ACCES,1997-2000; Sistema de Informação de Vigilância Epidemiológica, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde (Malária/SC e Sistema de Informação de Notificação e Agravo(SINAN/SC. Os mesmos foram transportados e analisados, no programa Microsoft Office Excel 2007. RESULTADOS: As coletas foram realizadas em 48 municípios, 159 localidades, sendo identificados 12.310 Culicídeos, 11.546 (93,7% Anopheles e 764 (6,2% como outros. Foram identificados três subgêneros e 13 espécies de anofelinos. CONCLUSÕES: Considerando que nos municípios pesquisados, foi identificada a presença de importantes vetores como Anopheles cruzii e Anopheles albitasis e há circulação de pessoas infectadas provenientes de áreas endêmicas, pode-se considerar que os mesmos são áreas receptivas e vulneráveis à malária. Essas espécies são suspeitas de serem responsáveis pela transmissão de malária na região, principalmente nos municípios de Gaspar, Indaial e Rodeio.INTRODUCTION: The Amazon region of Brazil is endemic for malaria. In the State of Santa Catarina, malaria was eliminated in the 1980s. Since then, a few sporadic isolated autochthonous cases have occurred. However, because malaria vectors are present within Brazilian territory and extensive endemic areas exist in this country, along with the great mobility of people in tourist areas of Santa Catarina, there is the

  14. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago José Canali; Sylvia Marina Soares de Oliveira; Deivid Montero Reduit; Daniele Botelho Vinholes; Viviane Pessi Feldens

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-...

  15. Water retention and availability in soils of the State of Santa Catarina-Brazil: effect of textural classes, soil classes and lithology

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    André da Costa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The retention and availability of water in the soil vary according to the soil characteristics and determine plant growth. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate water retention and availability in the soils of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, according to the textural class, soil class and lithology. The surface and subsurface horizons of 44 profiles were sampled in different regions of the State and different cover crops to determine field capacity, permanent wilting point, available water content, particle size, and organic matter content. Water retention and availability between the horizons were compared in a mixed model, considering the textural classes, the soil classes and lithology as fixed factors and profiles as random factors. It may be concluded that water retention is greater in silty or clayey soils and that the organic matter content is higher, especially in Humic Cambisols, Nitisols and Ferralsol developed from igneous or sedimentary rocks. Water availability is greater in loam-textured soils, with high organic matter content, especially in soils of humic character. It is lower in the sandy texture class, especially in Arenosols formed from recent alluvial deposits or in gravelly soils derived from granite. The greater water availability in the surface horizons, with more organic matter than in the subsurface layers, illustrates the importance of organic matter for water retention and availability.

  16. Dez anos de heterocontrole da fluoretação de águas em Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Ten years of external control over water fluoridation in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Mirvaine Panizzi

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a concentração de flúor na água de abastecimento público em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil, no período de 1995 a 2005 e, adicionalmente, avaliar a efetividade de uma intervenção ocorrida em 2003 na qualidade da fluoretação. Foram analisadas 989 amostras de água. Para adequação da concentração de flúor as amostras foram classificadas obedecendo a três critérios utilizados no Brasil. Uma intervenção político-jurídica foi realizada pela municipalidade no ano de 2003. A fim de avaliar a tendência da fluoretação ao longo de todo período e antes e depois da intervenção, utilizou-se o procedimento de Prais-Winsten. Nos dez anos analisados, o sistema de fluoretação de águas apresentou 46%, 32% e 43% de amostras adequadas, dependendo do critério adotado. Previamente à intervenção municipal, a proporção de amostras adequadas foi de 40%, 26% e 36%, aumentando para 63%, 49% e 61% após intervenção, segundo os diferentes critérios de análise. Verificou-se uma melhora na adequação da concentração de flúor após a intervenção municipal. Recomenda-se a continuidade da vigilância da fluoretação de águas, considerando-a processual e de caráter permanente.This study aimed to analyze fluoride concentration in the public water supply in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from 1995 to 2005 and to assess the effectiveness of a fluoridation quality intervention in 2003. A total of 989 water samples were analyzed. Fluoride concentrations were classified according to three different criteria used in Brazil. The city conducted a political and legal intervention in 2003. The Prais-Winsten procedure was used to evaluate the fluoride concentrations over time. In the ten years, the water fluoridation system showed 46%, 32%, and 43% of adequate samples, depending on the criterion. Prior to the municipal intervention, the proportion of adequate samples was 40%, 26%, and 36

  17. Chaunus ictericus (Spix, 1824) as paratenic host of the giant kidney worm Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda: Enoplida) in São Cristóvão district, Três Barras county, Santa Catarina state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrassani, Daniela; Hoppe, Estevam Guilherme Lux; Tebaldi, José Hairton; do Nascimento, Adjair Antonio

    2009-10-28

    Dioctophyme renale larvae have been found in cysts in the gastric wall of 5.17% (3/58) Chaunus ictericus specimens from São Cristóvão district, Três Barras municipality, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. However, larvae of this nematode were not found in sympatric Chaunus schneideri. The larvae caused a mild granulomatous reaction. This is the first report of paratenic hosts for D. renale in Brazil, and probably is also the first in the Neotropical region. PMID:19664882

  18. Composition of mixed flocks of understory forest birds in areas of the Atlantic coast and lowlands of Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil

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    Marcos Antonio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available An accompaniment of forest mixed flocks was carried in two localities of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, one on a forest hillside of the Atlantic on the Island of Santa Catarina (June to September, 2000 and another in a quaternary plain forest of the Volta Velha Reserve, Itapoá (June to November, 2000. Sixty-four species of birds were registered from the 79 identified flocks, 33 of which showed a frequency of occurrence above 10%. The flocks had an average number of six species. The nuclear species responsible for the aggregation and compacting of the flocks, for the two localities was Basileuterus culicivorus. The mixed flocks presented little difference in their composition in the two areas. This is probably due to the history of the colonization and the distinct forest formations of the two areas involved.

  19. Plantas medicinais de um remascente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana, Urupema, Santa Catarina, Brasil Medicinal plants in a remnant of High Montane Araucaria Moist Forest, Urupema Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    D. Martins-Ramos

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar dados químicos, biológicos e etnobotânicos na literatura científica de espécies medicinais de um remanescente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana. A base para este estudo foi um levantamento florístico realizado na Fazenda das Nascentes, Urupema-SC entre agosto de 2007 e setembro de 2008. A partir da lista de espécies que resultou deste levantamento, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o potencial medicinal das espécies inventariadas. Para as espécies com dados de ação medicinal, foi elaborada chave de identificação vegetativa. Das 64 espécies listadas foram encontradas informações na bibliografia consultada sobre o potencial medicinal de 29. As principais familias foram Asteraceae (oito espécies e Myrtaceae (três espécies. O hábito que mais se destacou entre as plantas com potencial medicinal foi o arbóreo (13 espécies. O componente químico de maior ocorrência entre as espécies foi o óleo essencial (60% das espécies. As atividades terapêuticas mais citadas na literatura consultadas foram antimicrobiana, anti-oxidante, anti-inflamatória, antiviral, antifúngica e anestésica. Os resultados encontrados indicam o imenso potencial econômico da Floresta Ombrófila Mista e ambientes associados como fonte de recursos naturais que fazem parte da cultura e do patrimônio catarinense.The aim of this work was to search for chemical, biological and ethnobotanical data in the scientific literature on medicinal species from a remnant of High Montane Araucaria Moist Forest. This study was based on the floristics performed in "Fazenda das Nascentes", Urupema Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil between August 2007 and September 2008. From the list of species obtained in this survey, a review on the medicinal potential of these recorded species was done. A vegetative identification key was elaborated for species with medicinal action Information about medicinal

  20. Saúde bucal e o desempenho diário de adultos em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil Oral health and daily performance in adults in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Josimari Telino de Lacerda

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available O uso de indicadores subjetivos na odontologia vem se ampliando. Este estudo transversal de base populacional realizado em Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil, analisou a relação entre condição bucal e qualidade de vida em adultos de 35 a 44 anos de idade (n = 622 e verificou a influência de: hábitos, visita ao dentista, auto-avaliação da saúde e características sócio-demográficas nesse processo. Usou-se uma amostra selecionada em múltiplos estágios e coleta com profissionais previamente treinados. A proporção de respostas foi de 81%. Na análise dos fatores determinantes para baixa (Oral Impact on Daily Performance - OIDP 10 interferência da saúde bucal no cotidiano, utilizou-se modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não condicional, hierarquizada. A saúde bucal interferiu no cotidiano de 20,7% dos participantes e foi mais grave em 11,4%. Morar em domicílios de maior aglomeração e áreas de pior condição de vida, ser mulher e sentir dor orofacial no último semestre compuseram fatores associados a maior interferência. É recomendável que a percepção dos indivíduos seja considerada simultaneamente à condição clínica na definição de ações dos serviços e de grupos prioritários ao atendimento em saúde bucal.The use of subjective indicators in dentistry has been increasing. This was a population-based cross-sectional study in the city of Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, analyzing the relationship between oral health conditions and quality of life in 35-44-year-old adults (n = 622. A further objective was to observe the influence of habits, dental visits, self-evaluation of health status, and socio-demographic characteristics in this process. The sample was selected using a multiple-stage approach. Trained professionals collected the data. A multiple non-conditional, hierarchical logistic regression model was used to analyze the determinants of low (Oral Impact on Daily Performance - OIDP 10

  1. New records and description of the microstructural patterns of guard hair in Conepatus chinga (Molina, 1782 (Carnivora, Skunk for the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Sérgio Bazilio

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to show new records of Conepatus chinga for the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, contributing to increase knowledge on its distribution, besides describing the microstructural patterns of its guard hair. Three run-over specimens were found in highway BR-280, two of them in the town of Palmas, in Paraná, and one in the town of Abelardo Luz, in Santa Catarina. For describing the cuticular and medullary pattern of guard hairs, sixty slides were made. Conepatus chinga has a cross-sectional and undulated cuticular pattern and an anisocytic medullary pattern. The description of microstructural patterns of C. chinga makes it easier to conduct studies related to its ecology, increasing the chances to identify hairs found in fecal samples from carnivores in mastofauna studies.

  2. O diálogo e a participação em um conselho de saúde em Santa Catarina, Brasil Dialogue and participation in a local health council in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Águeda Wendhausen

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Ainda que costumemos acreditar que participação implica necessariamente em diálogo, a prática concreta nos mostra que seus caminhos podem ser divergentes. Neste estudo, realizado em um Conselho de Saúde de um município catarinense foram analisados, a partir de 39 atas de reuniões, os mecanismos e estratégias discursivas que aparecem como "obstrutores" do diálogo, que como constatamos, permanece ausente apesar de se tratar de uma instância participativa. Dentre essas estratégias foram isoladas algumas expressões que Umberto Eco chamou de "hipercodificações", cuja função no conselho parece ser a de fechar qualquer debate. As hipercodificações encontradas foram expressões do jargão técnico, administrativo e político. Mediante essas estratégias discursivas utilizadas, observamos que a linguagem é usada como um ardil que fecha as possibilidades de interlocução democrática, truncando o diálogo. Desse modo, há pouca transitividade nos poderes dos diversos segmentos no conselho estudado, os quais acabam se concentrando principalmente no segmento governamental.Although we are accustomed to believing that dialogue must involve participation, actual practice shows that it can occur in different ways. In this study, conducted in a municipal health council in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, the discursive mechanisms and strategies that appear as "obstacles" to this dialogue were analyzed, based on the minutes from 39 council meetings. Dialogue remained absent even though the council was intended as a forum for participation. Among the strategies, certain expressions which Umberto Eco refers to as "hypercodifications" were identified. Such expressions apparently act to block any debate in the council. The hypercodifications identified in this study were expressions of technical, administrative, and political jargon. Through these discursive strategies, the authors observed that language is used as a ruse, closing off

  3. Dispersão geopolítica da ocorrência de Fasciola hepatica no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Geopolitical dispersion of the occurence of Fasciola hepatica in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolau Maués da Serra-Freire; Silvino Nuernberg

    1992-01-01

    During 12 years feces samples from cows, water buffaloes, sheeps and goats were examined by sequencial tamis filtration to show the occurence of Fasciola hepatica eggs. The material came from 129 municipalities of Santa Catarina State, and 5 g of feces per animal were examined. The occurrence of F. hepatica was confirmed in 64.82% of the municipalities. Considering the host, F. hepatica was confirmed in goats from Florianópolis, São José, São João Batista and Guaramirim municipalities; in she...

  4. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago José Canali

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9% had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%. Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study.

  5. Alguns elementos da história da educação matemática no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no século 20: a aritmética nos grupos escolares - Some elements of the history of mathematics education in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    David Antonio da Costa, Brasil

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O modelo dos grupos escolares difundiu-se, gradativamente, pelos demais Estados brasileiros a partir de São Paulo, no início do século 20. Este texto analisa, historicamente, a trajetória da constituição dos saberes elementares, particularmente a Aritmética, no Estado de Santa Catarina e toma como documento de pesquisa os textos escolares normativos. As características presentes nos textos sobre o ensino de Aritmética revelam vestígios da influência paulista nos materiais didáticos e na metodologia de ensino da Aritmética prescritos para usoem Santa Catarina.Palavras-chave: aritmética, grupo escolar, legislação. SOME ELEMENTS OF THE HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IN THE STATE  OF SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL, IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY: THE ARITHMETIC IN SCHOOL GROUPSAbstractThe model of school groups spreads gradually for the other Brazilian states fromSao Pauloin the early twentieth century. This text analyzes the historical trajectory of constitution of the elementary knowledge; particularly the Arithmetic in the State ofSanta Catarinaand it takes as a research resource the school legislative texts. The characteristics present in the texts on teaching Arithmetic reveal traces of influence inSão Paulodidactical materials and teaching methodology of prescribed arithmetic for use in Santa Catarina.Key-words: arithmetic, school group, legislation.ALGUNOS ELEMENTOS DE LA HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIÓN MATEMÁTICA eN EL ESTADO DE SANTA CATARINA, BRASIL, EN PRINCIPIOS DEL SIGLO 20:  LA ARITMÉTICA EN LOS GRUPOS ESCOLARESResumenEl modelo de los grupos escolares se difunde gradualmente por los demás Estados brasileños a partir de São Paulo en el inicio del siglo 20. Este texto analiza históricamente la trayectoria de la constitución de los saberes elementales, particularmentela Aritmética, en el Estado de Santa Catarina y toma como fuente de investigación los textos escolares normativos. Las características presentes en los

  6. The quaternary geological history of the Santa Catarina Southeastern Region (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    FRANCISCO CARUSO JR.; KENITIRO SUGUIO; TOSHIO NAKAMURA

    2000-01-01

    This paper supply subsidies for Quaternary geological reconstruction of the southeastern State of Santa Catarina coast in Brazil, being based on detailed geological mapping supported by a series of drilling data, which allowed to establish a stratigraphical hierarchy of the sedimentary deposits. Among the mapped geological units stand out the extensive Pleistocene shallow marine sandy sediments, which are commonly referred as a barrier island - lagoonal depositional system. A drilling campaig...

  7. Coexistence of halloysite and kaolinite: a study on the genesis of kaolin clays of Campo Alegre Basin, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Marisa T.G. de Oliveira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Kaolin at Campo Alegre Basin, Santa Catarina State, Brazil was formed from alteration of volcanic acid rocks. Halloysite clays dominate the clay fraction of the matrix of the kaolin body, whereas a poorly crystalline kaolinite is abundant in veins. Some primary blocky structures have high amounts of illite, in one mine, but in general, only low contents of illite-smectite, illite, chlorite-vermiculite, vermiculite and quartz were identified in the clay fraction of the samples. Toward the top of the mines, hematite and lepidocrocite appear in horizontal red and ochre colored levels and the amount of kaolinite increases compared to halloysite. The vertical zoning of alteration levels, the changes in mineralogy, the positive correlation between depth and Cation Exchange Capacity of the clays, the preservation of different types of rock textures in the kaolin bodies, the dominant tube morphology of the halloysite clays indicate a supergene genesis for the deposits. Criteria to distinguish between supergene and hypogene kaolin are discussed. Transmission Electron Microscopy of the cross sections of halloysite tubes showed polygonal forms that are ascribed to be transitional between kaolinite and halloysite. It is proposed that some of the kaolinite of these deposits be inherited from the dehydration of halloysite tubes.O caolim da Bacia de Campo Alegre, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, formou-se da alteração de rochas vulcânicas ácidas. A haloisita predomina na fração argila da matriz do corpo de caolim, enquanto a caolinita, de baixa cristalinidade, é abundante nos veios. Algumas estruturas em blocos, primários, têm altos teores de ilita em uma mina, mas no geral, somente foram identificadas, na fração argila das amostras, baixas quantidades de ilita-esmectita, ilita, clorita-vermiculita, vermiculita e quartzo. Em direção ao topo das minas aparecem hematita e lepidocrocita em níveis vermelhos e ocres e as quantidades de caolinita

  8. Coastal rocky reef fishes of Santa Catarina's northern islands, Brazil

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    Johnatas Adelir Alves

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The coast of the state of Santa Catarina only has non-biogenic reefs, i.e. rocky and artificial reefs, and is considered the geographic south limit for many reef fish species. At present the diversity of organisms associated with reef environments is threatened. This study aimed to record the number of families and species of reef fish fauna of the north coast of the state of Santa Catarina. The data were collected through underwater visual census performed on Graças archipelago (26°12'S /48º29'W, Tamboretes archipelago (26°22'S/48°31'W and Barra do Sul islands (26°27'S/48º35'W. A total of 166 species was observed (6 elasmobranchii and 160 actinopterygii belonging to 66 families. The families with more species richness were Carangidae (16, Epinephelidae (9, Blenidae (8, Serranidae (7, Haemulidae (6, Sparidae (6 Tetraodontidae (6, Labridae-Scarini (5, Labrisomidae (5 Pomacentridae (5, Lutjanidae (5 and Muraenidae (5. This study add to the current published list, new 115 species, including new occurrences (e.g. Chromis limbata, and some endemic (e.g. Sparisoma amplum, exotic (e.g. Omobranchus punctatus, endangered (e.g. Hippocampus erectus and overexploited (e.g. Lutjanus analis species. Twenty one species are present in the IUCN’s list, twelve in the IBAMA’s list and four in the local list. All elasmobranchii recorded here are considered threatened species, like the brazilian guitarfish (Rhinobatos horkelii, which appears in three red lists, and it is considered critically endangered. All species of Epinephelidae are mentioned in the list of risk categories of the IUCN and five are cited as overexploited or threatened with overexploitation by IBAMA. Among Epinephelidae, the goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara, is present in all red lists and has specific protection rules in Brazil. The gathered information will allow to take appropriate conservation measures, such as the establishment of marine protected areas, monitoring of fishing

  9. Metropolitanization and Forest Recovery in Southern Brazil: a Multiscale Analysis of the Florianópolis City-Region, Santa Catarina State, 1970 to 2005

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    Sandra R. Baptista

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the contexts of globalization and the Atlantic Forest ecoregion, I present a multiscale analysis of anthropogenic landscape dynamics in the Florianópolis city-region, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Drawing on field research conducted between 2000 and 2004 and a review of the literature, I examined Brazilian demographic and agricultural census data for the period of 1970 to 1995-1996. I hypothesized that economic restructuring, new institutional arrangements, and the valuation of environmental amenities and ecosystem services have contributed to forest recovery trends and thus a forest transition in the city-region. My results indicate that along with rapid urbanization, in-migration, socioeconomic polarization, and segregation, the city-region has experienced the contraction of private agricultural land area, expansion of protected areas, recovery of forests, and conversion of coastal plain ecosystems to built environments. Future analyses of forest transition dynamics should consider the spatial configurations of socioeconomic inequality in city-regions.

  10. Recent records, range loss, and current threats to the pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus (Mammalia, Cervidae in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Rodrigo C. Benedet

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The native grasslands in the micro-region of Lages are the natural habitat of the pampas deer, and the locality of Coxilha Rica, known for its short grass, is its largest refuge in the state of Santa Catarina. Recent novel records of the pampas deer in this state are published here for the first time, as well as evidence of a reduction in its historical distribution. In a grassland environment that is increasingly invaded by plantations of exotic species, partition of land, and burning of grasslands, adequate management of the areas where the pampas deer still persist may be decisive for the survival of remaining populations.

  11. Accumulation of phosphorus fractions and contamination potential in vineyard soils in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Djalma Eugênio Schmitt

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In vineyards, if phosphate is applied both before planting and at intervals during growth without consideration of technical criteria, the soil P fractions may be increased and their proportions altered. This study was carried out to evaluate the accumulation of P fractions and the parameters of the adsorption isotherm in a sandy Typic Hapludalf soil in vineyards with a history of successive and excessive phosphate fertilization. In December 2010, two vineyards were selected, one 4 and the other 15 years old, in Urussanga, State of Santa Catarina (Brazil. Three trenches were dug in each area and soil was collected from the 0-5, 5-10 and 10-20 cm depth ranges. The soil samples were dried in a forced-air oven, sieved and subjected to chemical analyses, P chemical fractionation and P adsorption isotherms. Excessive phosphate fertilization, before and during cultivation, particularly in the older vineyard and, consequently, with a longer history of phosphate fertilization, increased the inorganic P concentrations to the depth of 20 cm, especially in labile fractions extracted by anion exchange resin and NaHCO3 in the non-labile fraction, as well as in the non-labile fraction extracted by 1.0 mol L-1 HCl. The application of phosphate fertilizers and the long cultivation period increased the P levels in the organic labile fraction extracted by 0.5 mol L-1 NaHCO3, and especially in the moderately labile fraction extracted by 0.1 and 0.5 mol L-1 NaOH. Phosphate fertilization of older vineyards, i.e., cultivated for 15 years, increased the amounts of P desorbed in water, indicating a risk of contamination of surface waters and groundwater. The phosphate fertilization before planting, without considering the results of soil analysis, and during cultivation, disregarding the results of soil analysis, leaf analysis and expected yield, led to a reduction in the maximum P adsorption capacity in the 0-5 cm layer of vineyard 2, indicating saturation of part of

  12. The W (Sn-Mo)-specialized catinga suite and other granitoids of the Brusque Group, neo proterozoic of the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The petrographic, geochemical and isotopic data on the granitoids intrusive in the Brusque Group, State of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, are presented in this paper. These are late-to post-tectonic rocks, being the most evolved ones those that constitute the Catinga Suite. The granitoids intrusive in the southern domain of the Brusque Group are grayish rocks, in which biotite (when present) is practically the only mafic mineral. They are rather reduced, slightly alkalic, transitional between meta-and peraluminous. An acid subvolcanic pluton, the Ribeirao da Velha pluton, has similar petrographic and geochemical characteristics, and seems to be genetically related to these granitoids. LREE fractionation relative to HREE is incipient for the Catinga suite, and the REE patterns showing strong negative Eu anomaly. Initial 87 Sr/86 Sr ratios, from the literature for these granitoids are around 0.721 (Sao Joao Batista granitoid) and the only available tDM model age (Valsungana granitoid) points to a genesis from a continental crust of ca. 2020 Ma old. Gneiss-migmatitic rocks such as those that occur in the eastern portion of Brusque Group domain and as enclaves in the Nova Italia granitoid are strong candidates for protoliths of these granitoids. Little available information on the granitoids intrusive in the northern domain of the Brusque Group reports the presence of pink K-feldspar hornblende granitoids (Faxinal pluton) and light pink K-feldspar biotite granitoid (Guabiruba pluton). These granitoids are more enriched in K and more oxidized than those in the southern domain, and the LREE fractionation relative to HREE is strong, with the REE patterns showing incipient negative Eu anomaly. It is suggested that part of the Au concentrations found in the northern domain may be genetically associated with the granitoids, since they present characteristics favorable to promote Au mineralizations than the granitoids in the southern domain. Distinct protoliths and

  13. Threatened freshwater and terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia of Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil: check list and evaluation of regional threats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A total of nineteen continental native mollusc species are confirmed for the Santa Catarina State (SC(organized in ten Genera and seven Families, one aquatic Prosobranchia/Caenogastropoda (Ampullariidae,six Pulmonata terrestrial gastropods (one Ellobiidae, three Megalobulimidae and two micro-snails –Charopidae and Streptaxidae and twelve freshwater mussels (eight Mycetopodidae and four Hyriidae. Thesespecies are designated by the International Union for Conservation of the Nature – IUCN as follows: seven as"Vulnerable", six "In Danger" and six “Without Category Established”. The general regional threats that thesespecies are subjected to are briefly analyzed.

  14. First documented record of Holochilus brasiliensis (Desmarest, 1819 and Calomys laucha (G. Fischer, 1814 in the state of Santa Catarina, south Brazil

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    Felipe Bortolotto Peters

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the richness of small mammals in the Brazilian South Region are recent and point out the need for using varied methods. This way, this paper contributes to knowledge on the fauna of small sigmodontinae rodents in Santa Catarina, including Holochilus brasiliensis and Calomys laucha in the list of species with confirmed occurrence in this state. The records of H. brasiliensis refer to Laguna (n = 2 and Timbe do Sul (n = 1. In turn, C. laucha presents 23 records from Capinzal. The entire material is represented by skull fragments from owl pellets samples collected from nests and feeding perches of the Tyto alba.

  15. Potential fragility of the Caeté catchment, municipality of Alfredo Wagner, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, to landslides occurrence - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v36i1.16047

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    Leandro Redin Vestena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural disasters associated with land mass movements in Brazil have become more frequent in recent years, with significant human loss and material damage. An alternative to reduce such natural disasters will occur when landslides-susceptible areas are mapped, with restrictions or conditions for the occupation of areas with natural fragility to landslide occurrences. Current analysis determines the slopes´ potential degree for the occurrence of landslide susceptibility in the Caeté catchment, municipality of Alfredo Wagner, in the highlands of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The Shallow Stability model (SHALSTAB identified the slopes´ instability index by hydrological factors, hillside stability and soil. Results revealed areas with high degree of hillside instability and the need for preventive and relieving actions. In fact, areas with very high potential fragility susceptible to the occurrence of mass movement in the Caeté catchment are more than 30% of the basin´s total area.

  16. Spatial and temporal distribution of fish eggs and larvae in a subtropical coastal lagoon, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Luis C. P. Macedo-Soares

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the variation in abundance, distribution and composition of ichthyoplankton in a lagoon in southern Brazil through the year and at different stations within the lagoon. Ibiraquera Lagoon is a shallow coastal lagoon connected to the sea by a semi-permanent sandbar. Ichthyoplankton samples were collected monthly from December 2003 to December 2004, with a 200 µm mesh net using horizontal surface hauls. A colder, drier period was detected, contrasting with warm months during which salinity varied depending on rainfall and whether the sandbar was open or closed. The mean abundance of ichthyoplankton over the study period was 459.6 ± 76.2 (SE eggs · 100 m-3 and 63.6 ± 7.9 (SE larvae · 100 m-3, and they were present during all months. Significantly higher abundances of eggs and larvae were observed during warm months. The community was dominated by the family Engraulidae followed by Clupeidae, Gobiidae and Mugilidae. Engraulidae and Clupeidae were present throughout the year, with greater abundances in months with higher temperatures. Some coastal fish species spawn in Ibiraquera Lagoon, mainly near to the sandbar, demonstrating that the lagoon is a spawning area for coastal stock. We recommend the establishment of environmental procedures to promote the conservation of Ibiraquera Lagoon and its ichthyoplankton community.A abundância, distribuição e composição do ictioplâncton foram investigadas em uma lagoa no sul do Brasil durante um ano e em diferentes estações dentro da lagoa. A lagoa de Ibiraquera é uma lagoa costeira rasa, conectada ao mar através de uma barra semi-permanente. As amostras de ictioplâncton foram coletadas mensalmente entre dezembro de 2003 e dezembro de 2004, com uma rede cônico-cilíndrica de 200 µm de malha em arrastos horizontais e de superfície. Foi detectado um período frio e seco em contraste aos meses quentes e com variação na salinidade em função das chuvas e da barra estar

  17. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Parâmetros hematológicos de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) em local poluído e não poluído no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo; Maurício Laterça Martins; Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araújo Greinert-Goulart; Ayrton Adão Schmitt-Júnior; Luciana Ghiraldelli

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculatuscaptured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, f...

  18. Agaricales em áreas de Floresta Ombrófila Densa e plantações de Pinus no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Agaricales in Atlantic rain forest and Pinus plantations in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Karstedt

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os sistemas florestais de Santa Catarina são poucos estudados em relação à diversidade de Agaricales. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar e comparar a diversidade de Agaricales em dois sistemas florestais, no município de Joinville, SC. Parcelas de 20×20 m foram estabelecidas: três em Floresta Ombrófila Densa e três em plantações de Pinus. Basidiomas de fungos agaricóides foram coletados em janeiro, março, maio, julho, setembro e novembro/2004. Foram identificadas 40 espécies, 31 na Floresta e 10 nas plantações. A família mais representada foi Tricholomataceae, com 48% das espécies registradas na Floresta. As espécies com maior abundância relativa foram Camarophyllus buccinulus (41% na Floresta e Lactarius cf. fragilis (53% nas plantações. As mesmas espécies foram também as mais freqüentes, com 44% e 78% de freqüência de ocorrência, respectivamente. Considerando a riqueza de espécies e o índice de diversidade de Shannon, o estudo sugere que há maior diversidade de Agaricales na Floresta do que nas plantações de Pinus.Forest systems in Santa Catarina state are virtually unknown regarding Agaricales diversity. Our goal was to determine and compare the Agaricales diversity of two forest systems in Joinville municipality, SC. Plots of 20×20 m were established: three in the Atlantic rain forest and three in Pinus plantations. Basidiomata of Agaricales were collected in January, March, May, July, September and November/2004. Forty species were identified, 31 in the forest and 10 in the plantations. Tricholomataceae was the most important family, with 48% of the species found in the forest. The species with the highest relative abundance were Camarophyllus buccinulus (41% and Lactarius cf. fragilis (53% in the forest and in the plantations, respectively. These were also the most frequent species recovered in the forest and in the plantations, with frequency values of 44% and 78%, respectively. Considering species

  19. Intoxicação espontânea pelas larvas de Perreyia flavipes em bovinos no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Spontaneous poisoning by larvae of Perreyia flavipes in cattle from the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djeison Lutier Raymundo

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, é descrito um surto de intoxicação por Perreyia flavipes ocorrido em agosto de 2006, em um rebanho bovino de 280 animais, no município de Sombrio, em Santa Catarina. Ocorreram 17 mortes em um lote de 77 bovinos de raça mista com idades entre um e dois anos mantidos em um piquete (P1 de aproximadamente 90 hectares por cerca de 30 dias. Após as primeiras duas mortes, os animais foram movidos para um segundo piquete (P2, onde ainda ocorreram 15 mortes nos cinco dias após a transferência. Seis bovinos foram necropsiados, e amostras de tecidos foram avaliadas para exame histológico. Os achados de necropsia incluíam hemorragias subcutâneas na mucosa do abomaso e superfície subepicárdica. Ascite e edema do abomaso, duodeno, pâncreas e vesícula biliar foram observados. O fígado apresentava-se amarelado com petéquias subcapsulares e acentuação do padrão lobular. No rúmen de três bovinos, foram encontrados fragmentos de corpos e cabeças de larvas de P. flavipes em meio ao conteúdo ruminal. Histologicamente o fígado apresentava tumefação hepatocelular e necrose centrolobular e mediozonal, difusa e acentuada, com hemorragia e congestão centrolobular. Havia depleção e necrose linfóide no baço, placas de Peyer e linfonodos mesentéricos. O diagnóstico de intoxicação pelas larvas da P. flavipes foi baseado nos dados epidemiológicos, nos achados de necropsia e nas alterações histopatológicas. As lesões hepáticas e em tecidos linfóides, além da grande quantidade de larvas de P. flavipes no primeiro piquete (P1 e no rúmen de animais necropsiados, foram dados importantes para o diagnóstico.This article describes an outbreak of Perreyia flavipes poisoning in August of 2006 in a cattle herd of 280 animals in Sombrio, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Seventeen bovines between 1 and 2 years old from one herd of 77 mixed breed cattle died. The herd was kept in a paddock of 90 hectares (P1 for 30 days. After

  20. Characterization of Santa Catarina (Brazil) coal with respect to human health and environmental concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, L.F.O.; Oliveira, M.L.S.; Boit, K.M.; Finkelman, R.B.

    2009-01-01

    The current paper presents the concentration, distribution, and modes of occurrence of trace elements of 13 coals from south Brazil. The samples were collected in the state of Santa Catarina. Chemical analyses and the high ash yields indicate that all studied coals are rich in mineral matter, with SiO2 and Al2O3 dominating as determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Quartz is the main mineral species and is associated with minor levels of feldspars, kaolinite, hematite, and iron-rich carbonates. The contents of trace elements, including As, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Mn, Be, V, U, Zn, Li, Cu, Tl, and Ni, in coals were determined. A comparison of ranges and means of elemental concentrations in Santa Catarina, Brazil, and world coals shows that the ranges of most elements in Santa Catarina coal are very close to the usual worldwide concentration ranges in coal. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

  1. Enteropatógenos associados com diarréia infantil (< 5 anos de idade em amostra da população da área metropolitana de Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felice Jaqueline Schnack

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Foi investigada a presença de enteropatógenos em 94 casos de diarréia e 45 casos-controle em crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade, atendidas no Centro de Saúde Municipal de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Entre os parasitos isolados, o Cryptosporidium (85,1% foi o mais freqüente, seguido pela Entamoeba histolytica (56,4% e a Giardia lamblia (4,3%. Quatro amostras apresentaram Escherichia coli enteropatogênica (4,3%. A Samonella e a Shiguella não foram detectadas em nenhuma amostra. Somente um caso foi positivo para o rotavírus (1,1%.Enteropathogens were investigated in 94 children with diarrhea and 45 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, attending an outpatient unit in Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cryptosporidium (85.1% topped the list of parasite isolates, followed by Entamoeba histolytica (56.4% and Giardia lamblia (4.3%. Four samples contained enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (4.3%. Samonella and Shiguella were not detected. Only one sample contained rotavirus (1.1%.

  2. Erosivity of rainfall in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Schick

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The erosive capacity of rainfall can be expressed by an index and knowing it allows recommendation of soil management and conservation practices to reduce water erosion. The objective of this study was to calculate various indices of rainfall erosivity in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil, identify the best one, and discover its temporal distribution. The study was conducted at the Center of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, Lages, Santa Catarina, using daily rainfall charts from 1989 to 2012. Using the computer program Chuveros , 107 erosivity indices were obtained, which were based on maximum intensity in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 135, 150, 165, 180, 210, and 240 min of duration and on the combination of these intensities with the kinetic energy obtained by the equations of Brown & Foster, Wagner & Massambani, and Wischmeier & Smith. The indices of the time period from 1993 to 2012 were correlated with the respective soil losses from the standard plot of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE in order to select the erosivity index for the region. Erosive rainfall accounted for 83 % of the mean annual total volume of 1,533 mm. The erosivity index (R factor of rainfall recommended for Lages is the EI30, whose mean annual value is 5,033 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, and of this value, 66 % occurs from September to February. Mean annual erosivity has a return period estimated at two years with a 50 % probability of occurrence.

  3. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267 Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araujo Greiner-Goulart; Mauricio Laterca Martins; Ayrton Adão Schimitt-Junior; Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo; Luciana Ghiraldelli

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, ...

  4. Clinical and epidemiological features of araneism in the city of Chapecó, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil Epidemiologia do araneísmo no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive and exploratory study was carried out in order to verify the incidence of and characterize accidents with spiders, from 1995 to 2002, in the city of Chapecó, State of Santa Catarina. Notification records kept by the Center for Epidemiologic Surveillance of Chapecó concerning that period of time were analyzed, and the number of occurrences was calculated. In Chapecó, 131 accidents with spiders occurred during that period of time, and the incidence of araneism was of 0.8% in 1995; 0.0% in 1996; 2,2% in 1997; 8.66% in 1998; 11.9% in 1999; 18,4% in 2000; 17,5% in 2001 and 29,8% in 2002. Sixty-two point six per cent (62,6% of these accidents were caused by spider of the genera Loxosceles. Most of them occurred with women and adults from 21 to 60 years old (54,9%. Approximately 80% of the accidents occurred in the urban area, since 80% of the victims lived in the city. The parts of the body that were most bitten by spiders were thigh/legs, foot/toes and hand/fingers. The main clinical alterations presented by the patients were pain, edema and erythema. The season when most accidents occurred was the Spring, and more than 40% of the victims were doing housework . Results from this study showed that the number of accidents has increased significantly in recent years, and that the implementation of public health policies in this area to prevent such accidents to happen is necessary. Este estudo, de caráter descritivo e exploratório, foi realizado com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e caracterizar dos acidentes com aranhas de 1995 a 2002 no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, bem como caracterizar esses acidentes. Para tanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela Vigilância Epidemiológica de Chapecó entre os anos e calculou-se a freqüência das mesmas. Em Chapecó, ocorreram 131 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, e a incidência de araneísmo foi de 0,8% em 1995; 0,0% em 1996; 2

  5. Variações ontogênicas e sazonais na dieta de Etropus crossotus Jordan e Gilbert, 1882 (Paralichthydae na baía de Ubatuba-Enseada, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Ontogenetic and seasons changes in the diet of Etropus crossotus Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 (Paralichthydae at Ubatuba-Enseada Bay, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Oliveira Freitas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigadas as variações ontogênicas e sazonais na dieta de Etropus crossotus coletados na baía de Ubatuba-Enseada, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Redes de arrasto com porta foram utilizadas para as coletas mensais, e 60 exemplares foram coletados entre outubro de 2003 e setembro de 2004. Maior similaridade entre os Índices de Importância Alimentar foi observada entre a primavera e o outono. Crustáceos decápodes representaram 50% dos itens alimentares durante a primavera e outono, e crustáceos anfípodes foram os itens mais representativos no inverno. Maior similaridade entre os IAifoi observada entre as classes 1, 2 e 4, pela alta representatividade de Decapoda, e entre as classes 5, 6 e 7, em função da representatividade de Decapoda e Amphipoda. Os resultados obtidos foram similares a outros estudos realizados na região costeira Sul do Brasil.Ontogenetic and seasonal changes in the diet of Etropus crossotussampled at Ubatuba-Enseada Bay in Santa Catarina State, Brazil were investigated. A trawl net was used for the surveys, and 60 fish were collected monthly during October (2003 and September (2004. The highest similarity of the Alimentary Importance Index (AII wasobserved between spring and autumn. Crustacea Decapoda represented 50% of the feeding items during spring and fall, and Crustacea Amphipoda were the most representative item in winter. The highest AII similarity was observed among length classes 1, 2 and 4, whichwas related to Decapoda representation, and among length classes 5, 6 and 7, because of Decapoda and Amphipoda importance. Results were similar to other studies in the southern coast of Brazil.

  6. Noteworthy records of reptiles from natural open vegetation areas in plateau and coastal areas of the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.; Tobias Saraiva Kunz; Jorge José Cherem; Renato Silveira Bérnils

    2009-01-01

    The composition and geographic distribution of reptiles in Santa Catarina are little known, particularly in the open areas of its plateau (covered with ombrophylous steppe) and Atlantic littoral (coastal dunes with thin, low, and predominant herbaceous vegetation known as restinga). Aiming to contribute to the knowledge of reptiles that inhabit these areas, this paper presents sixteen records of previously unknown or uncommon species in Santa Catarina: Acanthochelys spixii, Anops kingii, Cnem...

  7. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Didelphis marsupialis in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo C Grisard

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Between 1984 and 1993 the prevalence of the Trypanosoma cruzi infection in opossums (Didelphis marsupialis was studied in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The association of the triatomine bug Panstrongylus megistus with opossums nests and the infection rate of these triatomines by T. cruzi was also studied. Thirteen different locations were studied in Santa Catarina Island (SCI, in which 137 D. marsupialis were collected. Sixty two opossums were collected at the Arvoredo Island (AI, located 12 miles north from SCI. All captured animals were submitted to parasitological examinations that revealed the presence of T. cruzi in 21.9% of the opossums captured in SCI and 45.2% among opossums captured in the AI. The presence of P. megistus was detected in most of the D. marsupialis nests collected in the SCI, however, in the non-inhabited AI only eight triatomines were collected during the whole study. The presence of T. cruzi-infected D. marsupialis associated with P. megistus in human dwellings in the SCI, and the high infection rate of D. marsupilais by T. cruzi in the absence of a high vector density are discussed.

  8. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Didelphis marsupialis in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grisard, E C; Carvalho-Pinto, C J; Scholz, A F; Toma, H K; Schlemper, B R; Steindel, M

    2000-01-01

    Between 1984 and 1993 the prevalence of the Trypanosoma cruzi infection in opossums (Didelphis marsupialis) was studied in Santa Catarina and Arvoredo Islands, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The association of the triatomine bug Panstrongylus megistus with opossums nests and the infection rate of these triatomines by T. cruzi was also studied. Thirteen different locations were studied in Santa Catarina Island (SCI), in which 137 D. marsupialis were collected. Sixty two opossums were collected at the Arvoredo Island (AI), located 12 miles north from SCI. All captured animals were submitted to parasitological examinations that revealed the presence of T. cruzi in 21.9% of the opossums captured in SCI and 45.2% among opossums captured in the AI. The presence of P. megistus was detected in most of the D. marsupialis nests collected in the SCI, however, in the non-inhabited AI only eight triatomines were collected during the whole study. The presence of T. cruzi-infected D. marsupialis associated with P. megistus in human dwellings in the SCI, and the high infection rate of D. marsupilais by T. cruzi in the absence of a high vector density are discussed. PMID:11080763

  9. Agaricales em áreas de Floresta Ombrófila Densa e plantações de Pinus no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil Agaricales in Atlantic rain forest and Pinus plantations in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Karstedt; Sidney Luiz Stürmer

    2008-01-01

    Os sistemas florestais de Santa Catarina são poucos estudados em relação à diversidade de Agaricales. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar e comparar a diversidade de Agaricales em dois sistemas florestais, no município de Joinville, SC. Parcelas de 20×20 m foram estabelecidas: três em Floresta Ombrófila Densa e três em plantações de Pinus. Basidiomas de fungos agaricóides foram coletados em janeiro, março, maio, julho, setembro e novembro/2004. Foram identificadas 40 espécies, 31 na...

  10. The Brazilian Atlantic Forest gives way to other land uses in Santa Catarina state

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Siminski; Alfredo Celso Fantini

    2010-01-01

    Deforestation permits (1,753) submitted to the state environmental agency (Fatma) in Santa Catarina state, Brazil, were analyzed in order to establish the profile of applicants, the reasons for request, and the methodological characteristics of forest inventory. The results show that 71% of applications were from individuals, and the economic use of land was the major reason for requisition. Reforestation with exotic species was the greatest demand (43%), representing 22 thousand hectares. Ra...

  11. Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celina Maria Araujo Tavares

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue comprender la realidad del cáncer ginecológico en el Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, a través del análisis documental de los datos del Sistema de Informaciones del Ministerio de la Salud. La metodología se apoyó en la epidemiología para analizar las series históricas. Los datos indicaron que existió un aumento en el número de los exámenes preventivos del cuello uterino, aunque, los resultados mostraron una escasa cobertura con relación a la baja productividad de los servicios públicos y una deficiencia en el registro de dichas informaciones. Los datos sobre el diagnóstico precoz de los tumores de mama, aún no se encontraban disponibles. Los números indicados según las Regionales de la Salud demostraron una gran diferencia en la cobertura de la población, en la prioridad política de los gestores, en la descentralización de las unidades de la colecta y con respecto a la relación entre los servicios y la población atendida, apuntando así, que los problemas gerenciales y técnicos dificultaron en la mejoría de la calidad de los servicios y en la disminución de los índices de la morbi-mortalidad.

  12. Structural analysis and magmatism characterization of the Major Gercino shear zone, Santa Catarina State, Brazil; Analise estrutural e caracterizacao do magmatismo da zona de cisalhamento Major Gercino, SC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passarelli, Claudia Regina

    1996-12-31

    This work describes the geometric and kinematic characteristics of the Major Gercino Shear Zone (MGSZ) in the Canelinha-Garcia area. This shear zone is one of the major lineaments that affect all southern Brazilian precambrian terrains. In Santa Catarina State, it separates, along its whole extension, the supracrustal rocks of the Brusque belt (northern part) from the Granitoid belt (southern). This zone is characterized by a regional NE trend and a dextral sense of movement where ductile-brittle structures predominate. The MGSZ is composed of two mylonitic belts separated by granitoid rocks probably associated to the development of the shear zone. Both shear zones show cataclastic to ultra mylonitic rocks, but mylonites and protomylonites conditions at high strain rate. The calc-alkaline granitoids present in the area can be grouped in two granitoid associations with meta to peraluminous affinities. The Rolador Granitoid Association is characterized by grayish porphyritic biotite-monzogranites and the Fernandes Granitoid Association by coarsed-grained to porphyritic pinkish amphibole-syenogranites. The U-Pb and Rb-Sr ages range from 670 to 590 Ma with the Sr{sup 87} / Sr{sup 86} initial ratios suggesting a crustal contribution in the generation of these rocks. The importance of the pure shear component is also emphasized by the results of the Fry method. Many z axes of the strain ellipses are at high angle to the shear foliation. Symmetric porphyroclasts also corroborate this hypothesis. The micaceous minerals formed during the shear development indicate K-Ar ages around 555 {+-} 15 Ma. Brittle reactivations of the shear zone have been placed by K-Ar in fine-fraction materials at Triassic time (215 {+-} 15 Ma.) 220 refs., 107 figs., 18 tabs., 4 maps

  13. Angiostrongiloidíase abdominal: seis casos observados no Paraná e em Santa Catarina, Brasil Abdominal angiostrogyloidiasis: six cases observed in Paraná and Santa Catarina States, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marciano Antonio Rojas Ayala

    1987-01-01

    Apresenta-se o estudo clínico e anatomopatológico de seis casos de angiostrongiloidíase abdominal, observados no sudoeste do Paraná e oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Enfatiza a importância da divulgação da doença, a fim de que a mesma passe a fazer parte do diagnóstico diferencial do abdômen agudo, tanto em crianças como em adultos na citada região, devido ao aumento do número de casos nos últimos dois anos. O uso indiscriminado de agrotóxicos na lavoura talvez esteja implicado com o surgime...

  14. A contribuição da vulnerabilidade na determinação do índice de desenvolvimento humano: estudando o estado de Santa Catarina The contribution of vulnerability to determining the human development index: studying Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Olga Maria Panhoca da Silva

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de Desenvolvimento Humano parte do pressuposto de que para aferir o avanço de uma população não se deve considerar apenas a dimensão econômica, mas também outras características sociais, culturais e políticas. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a relação entre a vulnerabilidade e o Desenvolvimento Humano e propor um enfoque para o acompanhamento das metas 4 e 5 do milênio, utilizando como objeto de estudo os municípios do Estado de Santa Catarina. Os dados foram obtidos do Atlas de Desenvolvimento Humano do Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento - PNUD, Brasil, do ano de 2000 ¹ e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE 8,9. Optou-se por uma análise superficial do Estado e posterior detalhamento para todos os municípios através do Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDH-M de seus componentes e indicadores de vulnerabilidade. Foi verificada a determinação do IDH-M através das variáveis de vulnerabilidade, descritas em quartis para cada grupo de IDH-M. O IDH se mostrou útil para a descrição geral das condições do Estado e para a descriminação dos grupos de municípios. Alguns indicadores, quando desmembrados em grupos, apontam desigualdades significativas.The concept of Human Development is grounded on the assumption that progress should not be measured just in economic terms, but must also encompass other social, cultural and political characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to assess the relationship between vulnerability and human development, proposing an approach for attaining the fourth and fifth Millennium Goals, based on a study of municipalities in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The data were taken from the Human Development Atlas published in Portuguese by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP in Brazil during 2000¹ and Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE 8, 9. After a superficial analysis of this State, all the

  15. Noteworthy records of reptiles from natural open vegetation areas in plateau and coastal areas of the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The composition and geographic distribution of reptiles in Santa Catarina are little known, particularly in the open areas of its plateau (covered with ombrophylous steppe and Atlantic littoral (coastal dunes with thin, low, and predominant herbaceous vegetation known as restinga. Aiming to contribute to the knowledge of reptiles that inhabit these areas, this paper presents sixteen records of previously unknown or uncommon species in Santa Catarina: Acanthochelys spixii, Anops kingii, Cnemidophorus lacertoides, C. vacariensis, Leptotyphlops munoai, Mastigodryas b. bifossatus, Tantilla aff. melanocephala, Atractus reticulatus, Gomesophis brasiliensis, Lygophis flavifrenatus, Oxyrhopus r. rhombifer, Phalotris reticulatus, Philodryas agassizii, Xenodon dorbignyi, Micrurus altirostris and Bothrops pubescens. Aspects of the distribution and conservation of these species are discussed briefly.

  16. Prevalência de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e insatisfação com a imagem corporal em adolescentes do sexo feminino do Município de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Emilaura Alves

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar a prevalência de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e de insatisfação com a imagem corporal em adolescentes (sexo feminino de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. A amostra foi proporcional, estratificada conforme rede escolar (pública/privada e região sócio-geográfica, posteriormente distribuída no ensino fundamental e médio. Foram analisadas 1.148 adolescentes sorteadas aleatoriamente nos estratos. A presença de sintomas de anorexia nervosa (EAT+ foi identificada pelo Teste de Atitudes Alimentares e a avaliação da imagem corporal pelo Questionário de Imagem Corporal. As prevalências de EAT+ e insatisfação com a imagem corporal foram 15,6% e 18,8%. O EAT+ apresentou-se associado à faixa de 10-13 anos (OR = 1,542; p = 0,046; sobrepeso e obesidade (OR = 2,075; p The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa (EAT+ and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The proportional sample (1,148 adolescents was stratified according to position of schools in the socio-geographic regions and public/private school classification, and was subsequently distributed according to primary and secondary schools. EAT+ was identified through the Eating Attitudes Test and evaluation of body image through the Body Shape Questionnaire. Prevalence rates for EAT+ and dissatisfaction with body image were 15.6% and 18.8%, respectively. EAT+ was associated with age (10-13y (OR = 1.542; p = 0.046; overweight/obesity (OR = 2.075; p < 0.001; dissatisfaction with body image (OR = 14.392; p < 0.001; and public schools (OR = 1.423; p = 0.041. Multiple logistic regression showed dissatisfaction with body image as the strongest independent risk factor for symptoms of anorexia nervosa (OR = 16.7; p < 0.001. Adolescents in Florianópolis show EAT+ rates similar to those observed in other regions of Brazil.

  17. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267 Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculates (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.3267

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    Fernanda Bachmann

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the reference site. The main results were an increased percentage of hematocrit and reduced numbers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the differential counting in fish from the polluted site. Red blood cells, total white blood cells and total counting of thrombocytes did not vary between environments. The number of neutrophils remained at high levels in fish from both environments. This study demonstrated that water quality might affect the hematological parameters in free-living fish.This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculates captured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the

  18. RESISTÊNCIA ANTI-HELMÍNTICA EM REBANHOS OVINOS DA REGIÃO DA ASSOCIAÇÃO DOS MUNICÍPIOS DO ALTO IRANI (AMAI, OESTE DE SANTA CATARINA ANTHELMINTIC RESISTANCE ON SHEEP FLOCKS FROM ASSOCIATION OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF THE ALTO IRANI REGION (AMAI, WEST OF SANTA CATARINA STATE, BRAZIL

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    Ingrid Kelly Zanchet

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Para conhecer a situação da resistência anti-hel-míntica em ovinos de propriedades localizadas nos mu-nicípios da Associação dos Municípios do Alto Irani (AMAI, oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram avalia-dos nove rebanhos pelo teste de redução da OPG (ovos por grama de fezes. Este teste consiste na comparação da média da OPG de um grupo de animais quatorze dias após o tratamento com a média de um grupo controle não-medicado. Consideraram-se efetivas as drogas capazes de reduzir a OPG em 95%. Os princípios ativos utilizados foram: levamisol (7,5 mg/kg, closantel (7,5 mg/Kg, al-bendazol (10 e 5 mg/Kg, ivermectin e moxidectin (0,2 mg/Kg. Detectou-se resistência dos nematódeos gastrin-testinais a todos os grupos anti-helmínticos testados, sen-do que 100% das propriedades apresentam resistência ao ivermectin; 66,7% ao moxidectin, 44,4% ao levamisol e 75% aos benzimidazóis. Para as lactonas macrocíclicas e benzimidazóis, tanto o gênero Haemonchus sp. quanto Trichostrongylus sp. apresentaram resistência. Para o le-vamisol, a resistência está restrita a Trichostrongylus sp. Também foi detectada a presença de uma população de Haemonchus sp. resistente ao closantel e uma de Nema-todirus sp. resistente ao albendazol. Estes dados mostram a urgência de difundir medidas de controle integrado de parasitoses, visando prolongar a vida  útil dos princípios ativos ainda disponíveis para uso.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Ovinos, resistência anti-helmíntica, Santa Catarina.

    In order to know the situation of the anthelmintic resistance in sheep farms in the municipalities of Asso-ciation of the municipalities of the High Irani Region - AMAI, West of Santa Catarina State, Brazil, nine flocks were submitted to the faecal egg counts reduction test (FECRT. This test consists in comparing the mean FEC of a group of sheep, 14 days after treatment with the mean FEC of a non-treated control group. Only drugs that could

  19. Fatores associados com a incapacidade funcional em idosos do Município de Guatambu, Santa Catarina, Brasil Factors associated with functional incapacity among the elderly in Guatambu, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Kelly Antunes dos Santos

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo era estimar a prevalência de incapacidade funcional e seus fatores associados. Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional (censo com 352 pessoas com idade maior ou igual 60 anos do Município de Guatambu, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Entrevistas foram realizadas pelos agentes de saúde. A incapacidade funcional foi medida usando-se o índice de Barthel. A análise dos dados utilizou regressão de Poisson. A prevalência de algum tipo de incapacidade funcional (leve, moderada, grave ou total foi igual a 30,5% (IC95%: 25,6-35,2. A incapacidade funcional foi maior (p The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of functional incapacity and associated factors. A cross-sectional population-based study included 352 elderly subjects (> 60 years in a small Brazilian town. Community-based health workers conducted structured interviews. Functional incapacity was measured by the Barthel index. Data analysis used Poisson regression to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR and the respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI. Prevalence of any kind of functional incapacity (mild, moderate, severe, or total was 30.5% (95%CI: 25.6-35.2. Functional incapacity was higher (p 5 years of schooling (PR = 2.21; 95%CI: 1.02-4.79; in people with low versus high quality of life (PR = 1.83; 95%CI: 1.13-2.97; in those with poor versus good self-rated health (PR = 1.73; 95%CI: 1.11-2.69; and in retired individuals compared to those working regularly (PR = 2.12; 95%CI: 1.19-3.78. Our results suggest that functional capacity involves interaction among multidimensional factors including self-reported health, independent daily life, and psychosocial and socioeconomic factors.

  20. Levantamento da intensidade da alternariose e da podridão negra em cultivos orgânicos de brássicas em Pernambuco e Santa Catarina Survey of the intensity of Alternaria black spot and black rot on brassica species under organic farming systems in Pernambuco and Santa Catarina states, Brazil

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    Luiz A M Peruch

    2006-12-01

    organic farming systems with different brassicas. High prevalence of the diseases was registered in both states, except on Chinese cabbage in Santa Catarina. Prevalence of Alternaria black spot was 100% on broccoli fields in Pernambuco, as well as on cauliflower in both states, while the black rot reached that level on broccoli and cauliflower fields in Santa Catarina. On the average of the different brassica species, the diseases were more prevalent in Pernambuco than in Santa Catarina. However, when the severity averages of each disease were considered, no significant differences were observed between the two states, although the climatic conditions were highly different. The Alternaria black spot severity varied among the brassica species in Pernambuco, being lower on kale. In Santa Catarina no significant differences were observed among the brassicas species. In relation to the black rot, only in Santa Catarina was there a difference in the disease severity, with the lowest level on Chinese cabbage. No significant correlations were observed either between severity levels of Alternaria black spot and black rot, neither between disease severity and total number of plants or plant age.

  1. Perfil epidemiológico dos usuários dos Centros de Testagem e Aconselhamento do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no ano de 2005 Epidemiological profile of the clientele in HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2005

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    Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo caracteriza o perfil dos usuários que procuraram os Centros de Testagem Anônima (CTAs em Santa Catarina, Brasil, em 2005, e determina os fatores associados à contaminação pelo HIV. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo transversal em pessoas que freqüentaram os CTAs. Foram analisados os dados de 22.846 entrevistas realizadas no momento pré-teste, 64,7% sexo feminino e 35,3% masculino. A prevalência de HIV positivo encontrada nesses exames foi de 2% no sexo feminino e 5,6% no masculino. Utilizou-se análise bivariada e multivariada com regressão de Poisson. Os fatores de risco independentes para o contágio pelo DST/HIV no sexo feminino foram: faixa etária, estado civil, escolaridade, situação profissional, recorte populacional, risco do parceiro fixo, uso de preservativo e motivo para não usar preservativo com parceiro fixo. No sexo masculino foram: faixa etária, escolaridade, tipo de parceiro, recorte populacional, risco do parceiro, uso de preservativo e motivo para não usar preservativo com parceiro fixo. A soropositividade para homens e mulheres apresenta-se diferente, merecendo abordagens preventivas diferenciadas.This study analyzes the user profile of HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, in 2005, and factors associated with HIV infection. The methodology employed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of individuals who attended Testing and Counseling Centers. Data from 22,846 interviews were analyzed (64.7% women and 35.3% men. HIV prevalence was 2.0% in women and 5.6% in men. Statistical analysis used bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression by gender. According to the Poisson regression, factors associated with HIV+ status were age bracket, schooling, marital status, professional situation, population group, steady partner's risk status, condom use, and reason for not using condoms with steady partner; for men, the independent variables were age bracket, schooling, type of

  2. Toxigenic fungi in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. classes black and color cultivated in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil Fungos toxigênicos em feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. classes preto e cores cultivado no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Léa Luzia Freitas Costa

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Toxigenic fungi were studied in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. of Classes black and color, cultivated in different regions of the State of Santa Catarina, south region of Brazil. The mean counts of filamentous fungi were 2.8 x 103 and 6.7 x 103 CFU/g for beans Classes black and color, respectively. Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp. and Phoma spp. were the most frequent genera isolated, followed by Ryzopus spp., Alternaria spp., Helminthosporium spp., Cladosporium spp., Botrytis spp., Fusarium spp., Trichoderma spp., Curvularia spp. and Dreschelera spp. Among beans Class black, 24.6% of the Aspergillus strains produced mycotoxins: 13.1% produced aflatoxins (AFs; 11.5% produced ochratoxin A (OTA and 28.9% of Penicillium produced citrinin (CTR. On the other hand, 22.1% of Aspergillus strains isolated from beans Class color produced mycotoxins (16.7% produced AFs and 5.4% produced OTA, while Penicillium genera had 35.4% of CTR producing strains. The toxigenic species were A. flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ochraceus and P. citrinum Thom.Foram estudados fungos toxigênicos em feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L., classes preto e cores, cultivados em diferentes regiões do Estado de Santa Catarina, região Sul do Brasil. A média total de fungos filamentosos foi de 2,8x10³ e 6,7x10³ UFC/g para feijão classe preto e cores, respectivamente. Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp. e Phoma spp. foram os gêneros mais frequentes isolados, seguidos por Ryzopus spp., Alternaria spp., Helminthosporium spp., Cladosporium spp., Botrytis spp., Fusarium spp., Trichoderma spp., Curvularia spp. e Dreschelera spp. No feijão classe preto, 24,6% das cepas de Aspergillus isolados eram toxigenicas: 13.1% eram produtoras de aflatoxinas (AFs e 11,5% de ocratoxina A (OTA; e 28,9% de Penicillium produziram citrinina (CTR. Por outro lado, 22,1% de cepas de Aspergillus isolados do feijão classe cores, produziram micotoxinas (16,7% produziram AF e 5,4% produziram OTA, já do g

  3. Energy Balance of the Santa Catarina State - Series 1980 -1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This energy balance of the Santa Catarina State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: economic aspects; supply and demand of energy by source 1980-1996; energy consumption by sector 1980/1996; energy interchange; and balance of the transformation centers 1980/1996

  4. Fatores associados à atividade física, comportamento sedentário e participação na Educação Física em estudantes do Ensino Médio em Santa Catarina, Brasil Factors associated with physical activity, sedentary behavior, and participation in physical education among high school students in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Kelly Samara da Silva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as prevalências e fatores associados à atividade física insuficiente, comportamento sedentário e ausência nas aulas de Educação Física em escolares do Ensino Médio. O questionário COMPAC (Comportamento do Adolescente Catarinense foi respondido por 5.028 estudantes (15 a 19 anos, de escolas públicas de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Foram analisados comportamentos de risco, informações demográficas e sócio-econômicas. Utilizou-se regressão de Poisson para análises das associações. A prevalência de atividade física insuficiente foi de 28,5% e associou-se a um menor consumo de frutas/verduras (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,15-1,40 e estudo noturno (RP = 1,44; IC95%: 1,34-1,54. A prevalência de ausência nas aulas de Educação Física foi de 48,6% e associou-se negativamente à idade e com estar trabalhando (RP = 1,52; IC95%: 1,18-2,19. A prevalência de comportamento sedentário foi de 38,4%, atingindo menos os residentes de áreas rurais (RP = 0,52; IC95%: 0,31-0,83 e que participavam de uma ausência nas aulas de Educação Física semanal (RP = 0,73; IC95%: 0,56-0,95. Os resultados sugerem intervenções com estratégias específicas para cada comportamento analisado.The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of insufficient physical activity, sedentary behavior, and absence from physical education and associated factors. The Santa Catarina State Adolescents' Questionnaire (COMPAC, in Portuguese was applied to a sample of 5,028 adolescents (15-19 years of age attending public high schools in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Information included demographic and socioeconomic indicators. Poisson regression analyses were used to test associations. The proportion of students with insufficient physical activity was 28.5%, associated with low consumption of fruits and vegetables (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.15; 1.40 and enrollment in night classes (PR = 1.44; 95%CI: 1.34; 1.54. Absence

  5. QUALITY POPULAR NEWSPAPERS: Ethics and sensationalism in a new standard of interior Journalism in Santa Catarina - Brazil

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    Laura Seligman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The circulation decrease of newspapers printed in Brazil, whichfollowed an international trend, became a unique phenomenonobserved in the country. The resumption of the editorial successof this media occurred with the adoption of new features thatconcentrate content and form on the lower classes. In the stateof Santa Catarina, a representative sample of newspapers from all over the state was examined. To do that, we used Content Analysis according to Krippendorff’s definitions (1990. What we can see is the establishment of a new standard of interior Journalism in Santa Catarina, with the content focused on what is now classified as Quality Popular Journalism. It is the preference for the local viewpoint and for service to the community that is intended, abandoning traditional characteristics of this segment such as sensationalism.

  6. Primeiro registro de Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél (Diptera: Tephritidae para o Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil First records of Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél (Diptera: Tephritidae for Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Sandra Mara Sabedot

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo levantar as espécies de tefritídeos endófagos associados a capítulos de asteráceas em Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Para tanto, foram efetuadas coletas quinzenais no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, durante o período de setembro de 2005 a setembro de 2006, concentradas na primavera e no verão. Os capítulos foram destacados diretamente das plantas, no campo, e acondicionados em sacos plásticos. Este trabalho constitui o primeiro registro de Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel e Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél coletados em capítulos de Asteraceae no município de Chapecó, elevando para 72 espécies de tefritídeos registradas para o referido Estado.The present research aimed to inventory the species of endophagous tephritids associated to Asteraceae capitula in Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Samples of capitula were collected every two weeks in Chapecó, from september 2005 to september 2006, concentrating efforts on spring and summer. The capitula were collected directly from the plants and conditioned in plastic bags. This research constitutes the first register of Tomoplagia reimoseri Hendel and Xanthaciura mallochi Aczél specimens collected from Asteraceae capitula in Chapecó, elevating to 72 the number of tephritid species registered to the State of Santa Catarina.

  7. The holoplankton of the Santa Catarina coast, southern Brazil

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    Charrid Resgalla Jr

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents information from different sampling surveys carried out along the Santa Catarina coast in order to outline the biogeographical characteristics of the zooplankton in this region and identify species or groups of species with potential use as bioindicators. Based on a checklist of species of the zooplankton community in the state, it was observed that, in the warmer months of the year, the fauna is similar to that of the states of Paraná and São Paulo (e.g. Creseis virgula f. virgula, Penilia avirostris; Acartia lilljeborgi and Oithona oswaldocruzi, while in the colder months there are coastal representatives of the fauna of Rio Grande do Sul (e.g. Acartia tonsa. However, the zooplankton consists predominantly of warm water species for most of the year, which is typical of Tropical Shelf Waters. Various species of zooplankton can be used as hydrological indicators, enabling a distinction to be made between coastal waters which are influenced by continental inputs (e.g. Paracalanus quasimodo and Parvocalanus crassirostris, common in the north of the state, and processes of upwelling (e.g. Podon intermedius and the influence of the Subtropical Shelf Front (e.g. Pleopis polyphemoides, coming from the south. The different environments investigated present a zooplankton abundance that depends on the influence of continental inputs and the possibility of their retaining and contribution for the coastal enrichment, which varies seasonallyEste trabalho apresentada informações oriundas de diferentes amostragens realizadas ao longo da costa de Santa Catarina com o objetivo de esboçar as características biogeográficas do zooplâncton assim como identificar espécies ou grupos de espécies com potencial uso como bioindicadores. A partir de um cheklist das espécies da comunidade zooplanctônica do estado observou-se que nos meses quentes do ano a fauna é similar aos dos estados do Paraná e São Paulo (e. g. Creseis virgula f

  8. Onychomycosis by Scytalidium dimidiatum: report of two cases in Santa Catarina, Brazil Onicomicose por Scytalidium dimidiatum: relato de dois casos em Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Lucíola Nascimento Pontarelli

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Onychomycoses constitute pathologies frequently seen in dermatological practice worldwide. Usually, they are caused by two groups of pathogenic fungi: dermatophytes and yeasts of the Candida genus. However, in a small fraction of the cases, the etiologic agents comprise nondermatophyte molds, belonging to several genera and species. The objective of this study was to present two cases of onychomycosis associated to the mold Scytalidium dimidiatum in patients residing in two cities of Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Aspects of fungal pathogenesis, as well as the epidemiological characteristics and laboratory diagnosis, are discussed.Onicomicoses se apresentam como infecções fúngicas localizadas, muito freqüentes na prática dermatológica. Na grande maioria das vezes, são causadas por dois grupos: dermatófitos e leveduras do gênero Candida. Entretanto, em um pequeno percentual dos casos, os agentes etiológicos compreendem fungos filamentosos não-dermatófitos, pertencentes a vários gêneros e espécies. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de apresentar dois casos de onicomicose associados à espécie Scytalidium dimidiatum em pacientes residentes em dois municípios do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. São discutidos aspectos relacionados a sua patogênese, epidemiologia, diagnóstico laboratorial e tratamento.

  9. Ocorrência de Puma concolor (Linnaeus) (Felidae, Carnivora) em áreas de vegetação remanescente de Santa Catarina, Brasil Presence of Puma concolor (Linnaeus) (Felidae, Carnivora) on remnant habitats in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Mazzolli

    1993-01-01

    Several reports on puma (Puma concolor) have been made in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, most of them in remnant original habitats above 800 meters. These records show a thight relationship between the puma with altitude and mainly with habitat quality. The eastern boundary of the puma range isset by the mountain chains of Serra do Mar and Serra Geral. The definite implementation of National Parks and Reserves, studies of movements, and polimorfism analyses are suggested, in or...

  10. Sedimentary evolution of Rio do Rastro formation (permian-triassic of the Parana Basin) at central south portion of Santa Catarina State, Brazil; Evolucao sedimentar da Formacao Rio do Rastro (Permo-Triassico da Bacia do Parana) na porcao centro sul do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, Lucas Verissimo; Roldan, Luis Fernando; Steiner, Samar dos Santos; Chamani, Marlei Antonio Carrari [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Programa de Pos Graduacao em Geoquimica e Geotectonica]. E-mail: lvwarren@yahoo.com; Almeida, Renato Paes de; Hachiro, Jorge; Machado, Romulo [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Dept. de Geologia Sedimentar e Ambiental

    2008-06-15

    Between the Late Carboniferous and the Early Triassic, the south portion of the Gondwana Supercontinent witnessed the development of intracratonic basins related with the coeval Sanrafaelic Orogeny. The continuous subsidence and consequent generation accommodation space resulted in the formation of a large confined water body and the accumulation of a transgressive regressive sequence between the Late Permian and the Early Triassic. The progradational nature of the upper portion of this sequence, represented by de Rio do Rasto e Piramboia formations, culminated with the complete filling of the water body. In the south-eastern portion of Santa Catarina State (Southern Brazil), the Rio do Rasto Formation overlies the Teresina formation and is overlain by the Piramboia formation, both contacts being characterized by lithological transition. The lower portion of the Rio do Rasto Formation is characterized by architectural elements deposited in offshore environments subject to storm action. A marked change of the color of the pelitic facies, from gray to red and purple occurs at the top of the unit. At this stratigraphic level, there is also a predominance of deltaic and eolian architectural elements. The intercalation of near shore and offshore architectural elements can be explained by the strong auto cyclic character expected in deltaic depositional systems and by the variation of relative rates of base-level rise. The occurrence of eolian architectural elements interbedded with subaquatically deposited sediments on the second third of the unit can be considered an evidence of continentalization to the top, materialized as the transition to the Piramboia desert system. (author)

  11. Epidemiology of high blood pressure among the Kaingang people on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Deise Bresan; João Luiz Bastos; Maurício Soares Leite

    2015-01-01

    This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP; measured at one setting, and suggestive of a clinical diagnosis of arterial hypertension) and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and their associations with socio-demographic and anthropometric variables among 355 Kaingang adults (≥ 20 years) on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Brazil. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), SBP, and DBP were measured and socio-demographic data w...

  12. HIV genotyping among female sex workers in the State of Santa Catarina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuelter-Trevisol, Fabiana; da Silva, Marcos Vinicius; Oliveira, Cristina M; Rodrigues, Rosângela

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of HIV infection among female sex workers in the port area of Imbituba (State of Santa Catarina), and to identify the viral subtype and its susceptibility to antiretroviral medications. Ninety women were interviewed between December 2003 and February 2004. Six (6.7%) were HIV-positive. Genotyping for HIV, performed on four samples, detected subtype C in three of them, which is predominant in Africa and Asia, and subtype B in one of them, which is prevalent in Brazil, USA and Europe. The results suggest that the Port of Imbituba may be one of the gateways for HIV-1 subtype C to enter Brazil, and for its dissemination to the rest of the country and the Mercosul area, along the highway BR-101. This points towards the need for preventive work to reduce the introduction and dissemination of HIV subtype C in Brazil. PMID:17653456

  13. Prevalência e fatores associados à violência entre parceiros íntimos: um estudo de base populacional em Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil, 2007 Prevalence of intimate partner violence and associated factors: a population-based study in Lages, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2007

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    Adriana Jaqueline Anacleto

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Estimou-se a prevalência da violência entre parceiros íntimos e os fatores associados em Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Realizou-se um estudo transversal de base populacional domiciliar com mulheres de 20-59 anos (n = 1.042, da zona urbana. As prevalências de agressão verbal, violência física menor e violência física grave foram estimadas pelo questionário Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R. Questões sobre aspectos sócio-econômicos e demográficos foram investigadas. As associações foram testadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson e o de tendência linear. A prevalência de violência entre casais para agressão verbal, agressão física menor e agressão física grave foram de 79%, 14,9% e 9,3%, respectivamente. Casais com menos de trinta anos, com renda per capita inferior a meio salário mínimo mensal e vivendo em locais com mais de dois indivíduos por cômodo dormitório apresentaram maiores prevalências das violências mensuradas quando comparados com casais mais velhos, com maior rendimento e menor aglomeração, respectivamente. Programas preventivos, além de estudos qualitativos, podem ser estratégias efetivas para melhor compreender a violência entre parceiros íntimos.The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence and associated factors in Lages, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. A population-based household study included 20-59-year-old women (n = 1,042 living in the urban area. The Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R was used to investigate verbal aggression, minor physical violence, and severe physical violence. A questionnaire covering socioeconomic and demographic variables was applied. Pearson qui-square and linear trend test were used to test associations. Prevalence rates for verbal aggression and minor and severe physical abuse within couples were 79.0%, 14.9%, and 9.3%, respectively. Couples under 30 years of age, with per capita income less than half the minimum wage

  14. Percepção da imagem corporal de crianças e adolescentes com diferentes níveis socio-econômicos na cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Body image perception in children and adolescents with different socio-economic status in the city of Florianópolis, in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Érico Felden Pereira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar a percepção da imagem corporal em diferentes níveis socioeconômicos de crianças e adolescentes. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal realizado no município de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, no ano de 2006. Quatrocentos e dois escolares, com média de idade de 11,35 ± 1,98 anos, matriculados nas séries finais do ensino fundamental, foram investigados. A percepção da imagem corporal foi identificada por meio do protocolo de silhuetas de Stunkard e o nível socioeconômico pelos critérios propostos pela Associação Nacional de Empresas e Pesquisa (ANEP. Foram calculadas razões de prevalências para insatisfação pelo excesso de peso e pela magreza. RESULTADOS: no sexo masculino, a silhueta 3 foi a mais citada nas classes alta e média e a 4 na baixa; no feminino a silhueta 2 foi a mais citada nas classes alta e baixa e a 3 na média considerando a percepção real de sua silhueta. A silhueta 3 para o sexo masculino e a 2 para o feminino foram consideradas ideais pelo maior percentual de escolares. Os jovens da classe baixa apresentaram maiores prevalências de insatisfação pelo excesso de peso em relação os da classe alta. CONCLUSÕES: houve uma tendência dos escolares das classes mais altas apresentarem insatisfação pela magreza e das mais baixas pelo excesso de peso.OBJECTIVES: to identify the body image perception in children and adolescents from different socio-economic backgrounds. METHODS: a cross-cutting study was carried out in the city of Florianópolis, in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in the year 2006. Four hundred and two schoolchildren, with an average age of 11.35 ± 1.98 years, enrolled in the final years of primary school were investigated. Body image perception was identified using the Stunkard silhouettes protocol and socio-economic status was evaluated using the criteria proposed by the National Pres and Research Association (ANEP. Prevalence ratios were calculated for dissatisfaction

  15. New occurrences and noteworthy records on distribution of birds in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    André Barcellos

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Most ornithological fieldworks in the state of Santa Catarina concentrate on the eastern half of state, while the middle-west lacks information. Between March 2000 and May 2002 a bird inventory was made in the influence areas of the hydroelectric power plants of Machadinho and Barra Grande, along the right banks of the Uruguai and Pelotas rivers, on Santa Catarina State territory. We carried out ad libitum surveys, point count sampling, and capture with mist nets. We present seventy-two noteworthy records for Santa Catarina, including three new occurrences for the state (Cypseloides senex, Polioptila dumicola e Procacicus solitarius, three species whose available information was only in general bibliography (Amazona pretrei, Ramphastos toco e Capsiempis flaveola, four whose records are the first in the last 40 years (Megascops sanctaecatarinae, Macropsalis forcipata Phyllomyias virescens e Corytops delalandi, and 63 species first cited for the eastern section of the Uruguai river valley.

  16. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Grasieli de Oliveira Ramos; Juliana Cristina Porto; Daniella Serafim Couto Vieira; Filipe Modolo Siqueira; Elena Riet Correa Rivero

    2014-01-01

    Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are lesions that develop exclusively on maxillary bones, and form a heterogeneous group. They vary from hamartomatous lesions to benign and malign tumors. Although they are rarely observed in dentistry clinics, it is extremely important for the dentist to be aware of them. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of odontogenic tumors diagnosed in the population of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cases of odontogenic tumors were selected from the ...

  17. Infestation by the Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquito in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Samara Tessaro Balsan; Marciana Frigeri de Souza; Indiana Alegransi Bones; Fatima Terezinha Castro Cechin; Caroline Constanci; Carin Guarda; Bárbara Zanchet; Deise Vanessa Friedrich; Junir Antonio Lutinski; Suzana Marta Zarychta; Maria Assunta Busato

    2013-01-01

    Dengue fever became a public health problem and it has caused concern among health professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the conditioning factors for the occurrence of dengue fever in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One analyzed the information available on the Information System on Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever (SISFAD) and conducted a survey through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to the population. The analyses indicate the association of infestation by the mosqu...

  18. Epidemiology of high blood pressure among the Kaingang people on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2013

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    Deise Bresan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP; measured at one setting, and suggestive of a clinical diagnosis of arterial hypertension and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP and their associations with socio-demographic and anthropometric variables among 355 Kaingang adults (≥ 20 years on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Brazil. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC, SBP, and DBP were measured and socio-demographic data were collected. Prevalence of HBP was 53.2% (95%CI: 45.3; 61.1 in men and 40.7% (95%CI: 33.8; 47.6 in women. In women, age and WC were directly associated with HBP; age was associated with SBP and schooling with DBP. In men, HBP was statistically associated with high body mass index (BMI and tile floor in the home (as a socioeconomic proxy; BMI and WC were associated with SBP; BMI and WC were associated with DBP. The study highlights the need for measures to control risk factors for HBP, especially due to its relevance for cardiovascular diseases and their consequences.

  19. Epidemiology of high blood pressure among the Kaingang people on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresan, Deise; Bastos, João Luiz; Leite, Maurício Soares

    2015-02-01

    This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP; measured at one setting, and suggestive of a clinical diagnosis of arterial hypertension) and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and their associations with socio-demographic and anthropometric variables among 355 Kaingang adults (≥ 20 years) on the Xapecó Indigenous Land in Brazil. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), SBP, and DBP were measured and socio-demographic data were collected. Prevalence of HBP was 53.2% (95%CI: 45.3; 61.1) in men and 40.7% (95%CI: 33.8; 47.6) in women. In women, age and WC were directly associated with HBP; age was associated with SBP and schooling with DBP. In men, HBP was statistically associated with high body mass index (BMI) and tile floor in the home (as a socioeconomic proxy); BMI and WC were associated with SBP; BMI and WC were associated with DBP. The study highlights the need for measures to control risk factors for HBP, especially due to its relevance for cardiovascular diseases and their consequences. PMID:25760167

  20. Contribution of studies for environmental licensing to the knowledge of Santa Catarina avifauna in southern Brazil

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    Marcos Antônio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge generated by studies for environmental licensing, even with reduced field samplings, can contribute to the recording of species of avifauna or actually extends the distribution in places of low knowledge. This study presents data obtained from preliminary reports of impact where the avifauna in seven projects in different ecosystems of Santa Catarina state was diagnosed between January 2001 and January 2004. Sightings had occurred, mainly, by visual or auditory contacts, using binoculars, hand-recorders and field guides. A total of 232 species of birds had been registered, increasing the known distribution by 66 species in different regions of Santa Catarina. The habitat most damaged by entrepreneurial activity was the forest, a factor of concern regarding the conservation of the avifauna that relied upon it. In general, the risk factors associated with the avifauna in Santa Catarina state are environmental degradation, capture of wildlife for breeding in captivity and, hunting for food.

  1. Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis sp. nov. (Porifera, Spongiidae no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis sp. nov. (Porifera, Spongiidae at the coastline of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Beatriz Mothes

    Full Text Available Uma nova espécie, Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis, é descrita para a Ilha das Aranhas (27º29'077''S, 48º21'380''W, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Difere das outras espécies do gênero do Atlântico sudoeste pela morfologia externa e arquitetura. A nova espécie é caracterizada por apresentar forma massiva, incrustante com projeções lobulares; fibras primárias medindo 60-100 µm; fibras secundárias 11,5-69 µm; fibras pseudoterciárias 2,3-23 µm e distância entre fibras primárias 391-920 µm; distância entre fibras secundárias/pseudoterciárias 92-575 µm; fibras secundárias/pseudoterciárias constituindo malhas poligonais com 30-700 µm de diâmetro. A espécie pertence ao subgênero Heterofibria Cook & Bergquist, 2001 por apresentar uma clara dicotomia de suas fibras.A new species, Spongia (Heterofibria catarinensis, is described from Ilha das Aranhas (27º29'077''S, 48º21'380''W, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. It differs from the other southwestern Atlantic species of this genus by external morphology and architecture. The new species is characterized for presenting massive form, incrusting with lobate projections; primary fibres measuring 60-100 µm; secondary fibres 11,5-69 µm; pseudotertiary fibres 2,3-23 µm and distance between primary fibres 391-920 µm; distance between secondary/pseudotertiary fibres 92-575 µm; secondary/pseudotertiary fibres constituting polygonal meshes 30-700 µm diameter. This species belongs to subgenus Heterofibria Cook & Bergquist, 2001 for displaying a clear dichotomy of its fibres.

  2. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v29i1.159 Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Maurício Laterça Martins

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para anáise parasitolóica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elérica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as condições do tempo nos dois dias que precederam a coleta. Os maiores valores de prevalêcia e intensidade média de infecção foram observados por Monogenoidea (96,3%; 100,23, seguido por Henneguya sp. (63,4%, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pimelodus (51,2%; 3,02, Trichodina sp. (30,5%, Parspina argentinensis (24,4%; 3,30, Diplostomum sp. (17%; 1,00, Dichelyne pimelodi (8,5%; 1,00 e Goezeella agostinhoi (6,1%; 1,00.Little is known on parasitic fauna of freshwater fish in the State of Santa Catarina. Specimens of “mandi”, Pimelodus maculatus, were collected in the Itajaí-Açu River, Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, from March through December, 2005, for parasitological analysis. From a total of 82 examined fish, all of them were parasitized for at least one parasite species. During the sampling, the pH, dissolved oxygen, electric conductivity and water temperature, as well as the environment temperature and weather conditions two days before each sample were measured. The highest values of prevalence and mean intensity of infection were observed for Monogenoidea (96.3%; 100.23, followed by Henneguya sp. (63.4%, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pimelodus (51.2%; 3.02, Trichodina sp. (30.5%, Parspina argentinensis (24.4%; 3.30, Diplostomum sp. (17%; 1.00, Dichelyne pimelodi (8.5%; 1.00 and Goezeella agostinhoi (6.1%; 1.00. There was positive correlation between the total length of the hosts and the mean intensity of infection by Monogenoidea.

  3. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Bachmann

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para análise parasitológica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elétrica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as condições do tempo nos dois dias que precederam a coleta. Os maiores valores de prevalência e intensidade média de infecção foram observados por Monogenoidea (96,3%; 100,23, seguido por Henneguya sp. (63,4%, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pimelodus (51,2%; 3,02, Trichodina sp. (30,5%, Parspina argentinensis (24,4%; 3,30, Diplostomum sp. (17%; 1,00, Dichelyne pimelodi (8,5%; 1,00 e Goezeella agostinhoi (6,1%; 1,00.Little is known on parasitic fauna of freshwater fish in the State of Santa Catarina. Specimens of “mandi”, Pimelodus maculatus, were collected in the Itajaí-Açu River, Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, from March through December, 2005, for parasitological analysis. From a total of 82 examined fish, all of them were parasitized for at least one parasite species. During the sampling, the pH, dissolved oxygen, electric conductivity and water temperature, as well as the environment temperature and weather conditions two days before each sample were measured. The highest values of prevalence and mean intensity of infection were observed for Monogenoidea (96.3%; 100.23, followed by Henneguya sp. (63.4%, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pimelodus (51.2%; 3.02, Trichodina sp. (30.5%,Parspina argentinensis (24.4%; 3.30, Diplostomum sp. (17%; 1.00, Dichelyne pimelodi (8.5%; 1.00 and Goezeella agostinhoi (6.1%; 1.00. There was positive correlation between the total length of the hosts and the mean intensity of infection by Monogenoidea.

  4. A Comparative Diet Analysis of the Neotropical Otter in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

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    Oldemar Carvalho-Junior

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This work represents a comparative diet analysis of the neotropical otter Lontra longicaudis by scat analysis (n= 8841 for four different areas, located on Santa Catarina Island, south of Brazil. The study areas, the main ecosystems found on the Island, are all natural reserves. The results are based on long term data sets (2003-2009 comparing food item proportions through years, with inter-annual and monthly variability. For all study areas, fish (71% and crustacean (25% are the main food types, followed by mollusks (2%, birds (1% and mammals (1%. In the case of main food categories, there is no observed inter-annual or monthly variability for the food items that compose the otter’s diet. The results show that, on the Santa Catarina Island, the neotropical otter presents a well defined diet composition that does not change from place to place, and has no inter-annual or monthly variability.

  5. Mutation breeding for irrigated rice at EMPASC, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mutation breeding for irrigated rice culture was initiated in 1985 at Estacao Experimental de Itajai (EMPASC), Santa Catarina in cooperation with Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), Piracicaba, Sao Paulo. The traditional breeding programme conducted by EMPASC at Itajai is primarily based on the introduction of cultivars, pure lines, and hybridization. The new introductions have not been as good as the cultivars now grown by rice farmers. Rice breeders are constantly attempting to develop new cultivars for irrigated rice culture and seeking new methods to supplement the conventional breeding methods. The introduction of mutation techniques to the breeding programme at Itajai began with the irradiation of seeds of 4 rice cultivars with 12 and 24 kr (120 and 240 Gy) of gamma rays at CENA in 1985. The irradiated seeds were sown at Itajai in the same year. Seeds were harvested from 3 panicles of each plant. The mutant plants were then cultivated to develop select progenies. Mutants were visible only in the cultivars IRGA 408, EMPASC 105, and Pratao Precoce. Fifty-seven progeny were selected primarily from IRGA 408 and EMPASC 101 for the M4 generation. Progeny from Pratao Precoce were eliminated because they were not stable. Mutant progeny from EMPASC 101 were eliminated in the M5 generation because of a high incidence of chalk in the rice grains. The agronomic performance of IRGA 408 progeny was good and some mutant lines were further evaluated as follows: one in regional trials, 5 in advanced trials, and 5 in preliminary trials. Mutant line SCM-3-1-2 was evaluated in a regional trial and showed strong promise of becoming a new cultivar. (author). 3 refs, 4 tabs

  6. Estudo morfológico de fígado de bovinos abatidos em frigoríficos industriais sob inspeção estadual no Oeste e no Planalto de Santa Catarina, Brasil Morphologic study of bovine livers slaughtered in industrial slaughterhouse under State Inspection Service in West and Highland regions of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Ricardo Evandro Mendes

    2007-12-01

    ,2%. Conclui-se que existem incongruências na rotina de inspeção de carnes do SIE, uma vez que as alterações microscópicas observadas em 27% dos fígados não-condenados não foram detectadas pelo exame macroscópico e, assim, órgãos com lesão são liberados para consumo humano. Por outro lado, vários fígados do grupo condenado foram rejeitados de forma desnecessária, causando perdas econômicas importantes.Criteria for condemnation and liberation of organs submitted to the official meat inspection services have been controversial, it is argued that organs witch do not present gross lesions may still have certain degree of pathological changes under microscopic scrutiny; conversely, organs rejected on microscopic exam may reveal normalcy under histological evaluation. A gross and histological morphologic study was conducted in bovine livers during meat inspection in commercial slaughter; bovine livers were allotted in two groups: condemned and non-condemned, according to the Animal Standard Meat Inspection (SIS of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Liver fragments were fixed in 10% neutral formalin and processed for routine histopathological examination. The objectives were: to establish the main reasons for condemnation of bovine livers in the meat inspection routine of SIS, to evaluate livers from both groups by histological examination and to identify the possible etiologies responsible for condemnation. According to the SIS, the reasons for condemnation were: telangiectasis (32.2%, fasciolosis (18.5%, abscesses (18.0%, irregular and bright spots (12.6%, adherence between liver and diaphragm (6.0%, yellow and friable liver (4.2%, dark or pale spots (3.6%, nodules (1.8% and other causes (3.0%. Under microscopic study livers from condemned group showed telangiectasis (25.7%, abscesses (18.0%, fasciolosis (16.1%, capsular fibrosis (13.2%, random necrosis (8.4%, degeneration (3.6%, inflammatory infiltrate (2.4%, neoplasia (1.8%, no changes (7.2% and miscellaneous

  7. Drosophilids (Diptera) from an Atlantic Forest Area in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil Drosofilídeos (Diptera) de uma Área de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Jonas S. Döge; Valente, Vera L. S.; Paulo R. P Hofmann

    2008-01-01

    The present work aims at knowing the faunal composition of drosophilids in forest areas of southern Brazil. Besides, estimation of species richness for this fauna is briefly discussed. The sampling were carried out in three well-preserved areas of the Atlantic Rain Forest in the State of Santa Catarina. In this study, 136,931 specimens were captured and 96.6% of them were identified in the specific level. The observed species richness (153 species) is the largest that has been registered in f...

  8. Ocorrência de Puma concolor (Linnaeus (Felidae, Carnivora em áreas de vegetação remanescente de Santa Catarina, Brasil Presence of Puma concolor (Linnaeus (Felidae, Carnivora on remnant habitats in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Mazzolli

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Several reports on puma (Puma concolor have been made in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, most of them in remnant original habitats above 800 meters. These records show a thight relationship between the puma with altitude and mainly with habitat quality. The eastern boundary of the puma range isset by the mountain chains of Serra do Mar and Serra Geral. The definite implementation of National Parks and Reserves, studies of movements, and polimorfism analyses are suggested, in order to provide protected habitats and assure the genetic flow amongst puma populations.

  9. New Forms of Economic Cooperation in Family Agriculture: The Case of Condominios in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Moyano-Estrada, Eduardo; Sacco dos Anjos, Flavio

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the authors analyze the Condominios as economic associations adapted to the characteristics of family agriculture in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. Firstly, they analyze the process of modernization of Brazilian agriculture that took place in the 1960s and 1970s under the military governments, giving special attention to the selective and exclusive effects this process had on small farmers. Within the framework of this process, they then go on to study the development o...

  10. Contribution of studies for environmental licensing to the knowledge of Santa Catarina avifauna in southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Antônio Guimarães Azevedo

    2006-01-01

    The knowledge generated by studies for environmental licensing, even with reduced field samplings, can contribute to the recording of species of avifauna or actually extends the distribution in places of low knowledge. This study presents data obtained from preliminary reports of impact where the avifauna in seven projects in different ecosystems of Santa Catarina state was diagnosed between January 2001 and January 2004. Sightings had occurred, mainly, by visual or auditory contacts, using b...

  11. El museólogo como profesional de la información en Santa Catarina, Brasil The museologist as an information professional in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Hermes José Graipel Junior

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propuso identificar el perfil del profesional actuante en museos del estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. La investigación realizada es cuantitativa y cualitativa. Utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido de Bardin (2004. El instrumento de recopilación de datos fue el cuestionario. Fue hecho un levantamiento del perfil del profesional, del museo al cual está vinculado, su formación académica, las actividades consideradas más importantes, y su necesidad de educación continua. El museólogo es un profesional predominantemente del sexo femenino, con más de cuarenta años, con más de diez años en la profesión, que trabaja en su mayoría en instituciones públicas, vinculadas a las municipalidades o a las instituciones de enseñanza superior. Desarrolla actividades tradicionales, pero tiene conocimiento de las transformaciones ocurridas en las últimas décadas y trata de actualizarse a través de cursos de corta duración. La formación de estos profesionales es principalmente en Ciencias Humanas.The objective of this quantitative study is to identify the profile of the professional curators that work in the state of Santa Catarina's museums, in Brazil. Bardin's (2004 technique of content analysis was utilized throughout the study. Data collection was done by means of a questionnaire. A survey was made of the professional's profile, including the museum institute where the attendant is employed, their formal education, activities that they considered most important and the necessity of continuing education. This is a profession that is composed of predominantly females over the age of forty, with more than ten years working in the profession, the majority working in public institutions associated with city governments or institutions of higher education. Survey subjects typically develop traditional activities but have knowledge of transformations that have occurred in the recent decades and seek to bring themselves up

  12. Roça-de-toco: uso de recursos florestais e dinâmica da paisagem rural no litoral de Santa Catarina Slash-and-burn agriculture: use of forest resources and dynamics of rural landscape in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Alexandre Siminski

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Os fragmentos florestais nas pequenas propriedades agrícolas de Santa Catarina fazem parte de um ciclo de cultivo de espécies anuais, através da agricultura de pousio (roça-de-toco. Neste estudo, procurou-se analisar o sistema de cultivo praticado pelos agricultores do município de São Pedro de Alcântara, litoral de Santa Catarina, utilizando a abordagem qualitativa. Como resultados, observou-se que em 65% das propriedades houve redução da área de cultivo nos últimos 10 anos, o tempo de repouso foi reduzido e as roças passaram a ser menos itinerantes. As restrições ao uso dos recursos florestais têm promovido alterações na composição da paisagem das propriedades agrícolas da região de estudo, onde se constata uma diminuição das áreas destinadas à agricultura de pousio e um aumento crescente das áreas com formações florestais secundárias, além do aumento da proporção de formações mais avançadas no processo de sucessão natural. Entretanto, uma simulação do uso da terra revelou que é possível, do ponto de vista da disponibilidade de áreas ao longo do tempo, a continuidade do sistema de pousio, principalmente quando este destina-se à subsistência.The secondary forests in the small farms of Santa Catarina State are traditionally used as a component of the slash-and-burn agriculture. The purpose of this study was to analyze the agricultural system in the municipality of São Pedro de Alcântara, on the coast zone of the State, using the qualitative research approach. The results showed that there was a reduction of the cultivated area in 65% of the farms in the last 10 years, the fallow period was reduced, and the rotation time of each field plot was shortened. The restrictions imposed by regulations on forest resources use have contributed to a change in the composition of the landscape of the study area, where a shrinkage of the area used for traditional agriculture in favor of a larger area of with

  13. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Grasieli de Oliveira Ramos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic tumors (OTs are lesions that develop exclusively on maxillary bones, and form a heterogeneous group. They vary from hamartomatous lesions to benign and malign tumors. Although they are rarely observed in dentistry clinics, it is extremely important for the dentist to be aware of them. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of odontogenic tumors diagnosed in the population of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cases of odontogenic tumors were selected from the anatomopathological diagnostic services at Federal University of Santa Catarina from 1998 to 2011. Clinical data on these cases were collected from biopsy reports and patient files. Seventy-eight cases of odontogenic tumors were surveyed. Of these diagnoses, 51% were keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs; the remaining cases were mainly ameloblastomas and odontomas. The most frequently observed lesion in this retrospective study was KCOT (more than half of cases. Thus, this study shows that modifying the classification of the OTs altered the frequency of the lesions, possibly making KCOT the most common lesion observed in diagnostic services worldwide.

  14. Resistance to cypermethrin and amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on the Santa Catarina Plateau, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga, Luana Paula Haubold Neis; Souza, Antonio Pereira de; Bellato, Valdomiro; Sartor, Amélia Aparecida; Nunes, Ana Paula de Oliveira; Cardoso, Helena Mondardo

    2012-01-01

    With the objective of evaluating Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus resistance to cipermetrina and amitraz, were collected engorged tick females from cattle on 20 farms on the Santa Catarina Plateau, in southern Brazil, between January of 2004 and May of 2006. Were also received 20 groups of engorged R. (B.) microplus females, collected by cattle farmers requesting acaricidal efficacy (AE) testing. Were performed in vitro tests, which consisted of immersing engorged females in cypermethrin (0.015%) and in amitraz (0.025%). An AE >95% was considered indicative of effectiveness. Of the 20 collected groups, 18 (90%) showed cypermethrin resistance and 1 (5%) showed amitraz resistance. Of the 20 received groups, 19 (95%) showed cypermethrin resistance and 2 (10%) showed amitraz resistance. The AE of cypermethrin was found to be >95%, 85-94%, and 55-64%, respectively, in 4 (57.1%), 2 (28.6%), and 1 (14.3%) of 7 reference groups, collected in the 1997-2001 period. The AE of amitraz was >95% in all of those groups. Among the groups of specimens received for analysis in that period, the AE of amitraz was >95% in 6 (85.71%) and 75-84% in 1 (14.28%). R. (B.) microplus resistance to acaricides is increasing on the Santa Catarina Plateau. PMID:22832753

  15. Características clínicas do araneísmo em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Clinical features of araneism in children and teenager in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Fernanda Lise

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e a caracterização dos acidentes com aranhas em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, de 1995 a 2001, realizou-se este trabalho. O estudo foi de caráter descritivo e exploratório. Paratanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela vigilância epidemiológica nos anos 1995 a 2001 e calcularam-se a incidência e a freqüência. Para a população de 1995 foram utilizados os dados do Censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE de 1991, acrescentando crescimento de 3,35% ao ano; j�� para os anos seguintes foi utilizado o Censo de 1996 e 2000, com crescimento anual de 2,84%. No município de Chapecó ocorreram 30 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, sendo que a maioria foi ocasionada por aranhas do gênero Loxosceles. As partes do corpo mais acometidas foram coxas/pernas, pé/dedos e mão/dedos. As principais alterações clínicas apresentadas pelos pacientes foram dor, edema e eritema. Conclui-se que os casos de araneísmo vêm aumentando no município de Chapecó.With the objective of verifying the frequency and characterizing of accidents involving people bitten by spiders in Chapecó town, SantaCatarina State, from 1995 to 2001, this paper was held. The study is descriptive and exploratory. This way, we verified the registrations of noted by the epidemiological department from 1995 to 2001 being able for us to calculate the frequency of incidents. For the 1995 population we used data from the 1991 Brazilian Geographic Statistic Institute (IBGE census adding a 3.35% growth a year, on the other hand for the following years it was used the 1996 and 2000 census with an annual 2.84% growth. In Chapecó occurred 30 accidents with spiders during the studied period, being the most expressive part of it caused by spiders of the genera Loxosceles. The body’s most bitten parts were thigh/legs, foot/toes and

  16. Infestation by the Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae mosquito in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Samara Tessaro Balsan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Dengue fever became a public health problem and it has caused concern among health professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the conditioning factors for the occurrence of dengue fever in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One analyzed the information available on the Information System on Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever (SISFAD and conducted a survey through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to the population. The analyses indicate the association of infestation by the mosquito which transmits dengue to improperly handled garbage and to the rainwater collection deposit, as well as to the residential environment. The prevention of dengue in the town of Chapeco involves the implementation of public policies on health environmental education for proper separation and disposal of solid waste and improvements in the public water supply system. Educational campaigns aimed at care in the home environment are also needed.

  17. contributions of Agudo & Bleicker (2006a, Agudo-Padrón (2008b and Agudo-Padrón & Lenhard (2010, the slug Pallifera sp. - the taxonomic determination of which is still in process (Thomé et al., 2006 - was included within such a list. Of these twenty Mollusca and environmental conservation in Santa Catarina State (SC, Southern Brazil: current situation

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    A. Ignacio Agudo-Padrón

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Available knowledge of malacofauna (mollusc species conservation in the territory of Santa Catarina State,SC, central Southern Brazil region, is shortly analyzed and discussed herein. Present data originate from theauthor's active participation in three recent regional unpublished events dealing with biodiversity conservationin the State, carried out to cope the sensitive lack of population studies which is the main difficulty to face inorder to provide accurate and detailed evaluations on biodiversity and its conservation status.

  18. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Bachmann; Juliane Araújo Greinert; Pedro Wilson Bertelli; Hercílio Higino da Silva Filho; Natália Oliveira Totti de Lara; Luciana Ghiraldelli; Maurício Laterça Martins

    2007-01-01

    Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para análise parasitológica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elétrica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as c...

  19. Parasitofauna de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) do rio Itajaí-Açu em Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v29i1.159 Parasitic fauna of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from the Itajaí-Açu river in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício Laterça Martins; Natália Oliveira Totti de Lara; Luciana Ghiraldelli; Pedro Wilson Bertelli; Hercílio Higino da Silva Filho; Juliane Araújo Greinert; Fernanda Bachmann

    2007-01-01

    Pouco se conhece sobre a parasitofauna de peixes de água doce no Estado de Santa Catarina. Espécimes de mandi, Pimelodus maculatus foram coletados no rio Itajaí-Açu, Blumenau, Estado de Santa Catarina, entre março e dezembro de 2005, para anáise parasitolóica. De 82 peixes analisados, todos apresentaram pelo menos uma espécie de parasito. Durante as amostragens foram medidos o pH, o oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade elérica e a temperatura da água, bem como a temperatura ambiente e as cond...

  20. Roça-de-toco: uso de recursos florestais e dinâmica da paisagem rural no litoral de Santa Catarina Slash-and-burn agriculture: use of forest resources and dynamics of rural landscape in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Siminski; Alfredo Celso Fantini

    2007-01-01

    Os fragmentos florestais nas pequenas propriedades agrícolas de Santa Catarina fazem parte de um ciclo de cultivo de espécies anuais, através da agricultura de pousio (roça-de-toco). Neste estudo, procurou-se analisar o sistema de cultivo praticado pelos agricultores do município de São Pedro de Alcântara, litoral de Santa Catarina, utilizando a abordagem qualitativa. Como resultados, observou-se que em 65% das propriedades houve redução da área de cultivo nos últimos 10 anos, o tempo de repo...

  1. Reproductive Dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831 in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Hélio Augusto Alves Fracasso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we intend to describe the reproductive dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea in an island from South Brazil. We studied the reproductive biology of this species in its natural environment and provide data on their growth, survival, and reproductive success in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, South Brazil. Samplings were carried out daily on the island throughout the reproductive seasons of 2003, 2005, and 2006 and the different stages of development of the chicks were characterized according to age, length of the beak, and plumage characteristics. We provide a basic equation Lm=167.91 (1-e-0.062t--0.23 to determine the approximate age of individuals using their body mass. The main cause of chick mortality on the island was natural (63.17% in 2003, 81.41% in 2005, and 79.96% in 2006, whereas predation contributed to mortality in a proportion of 38.83% in 2003, 18.59% in 2005, and 20.04% in 2006. The absence in the area of the chicks’ main predator, Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus, the large number of chicks that reached the final stages of development, and their reproductive success demonstrate that Ilha dos Cardos is an important breeding site for the species in southern Brazil.

  2. Environmental Sustainability: Study an Institution of Higher Education Public of the State of Santa Catarina

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    Stephanie Kalynka Rocha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper has the general objective of analyzing the environmental sustainability of an Institution of Higher Education (IHE Public of the State of Santa Catarina. To meet this objective has to reach the specific objectives: to check the number of IHEs in Brazil and Santa Catarina; to identify the number of public and private institutions and to propose a management model 5W2H to deficit sustainability criteria. The methodology and the objectives considered descriptive, with the technical procedures has the case study and the approach problem qualitative. The methodology is divided into three phases: the first phase it is the theoretical basis, it approaches social and environmental responsibility; environmental management and environmental management system. In the second phase it is the analysis of the results where first there was the amount of IHE and distribution in administrative categories. In the third phase, it has been the purpose of responding to a checklist of 154 questions developed by Pieri et al (2011 and Environmental Management Plan Summary (5W2H. In the end it is concluded that the institution submitted a global sustainability index of 32 %, being regarded as weak, proposing with the 5W2H tool, an action for each criterion, as the inclusion of recyclable products in acquisitions; recycling of waste; accessibility to the handicapped; and creating actions that approximates the IHE to the society. It is hoped that the proposed actions that the institution to put them into practice, increase the environmental sustainability index, benefiting society and the environment.

  3. Murcha-de-curtobacterium do feijoeiro no Estado de Santa Catarina e reação de genótipos a Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens Bacterial wilt of common bean in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and behavior of genotypes to Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens

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    Gustavo de Faria Theodoro

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a ocorrência da murcha-de-curtobacterium em lavouras de feijoeiro comum em algumas localidades do Estado de Santa Catarina, nas safras 2002/03 e 2003/04, e o comportamento dos genótipos BRS Valente, Carioca, CHC 97-29, CHP 97-26, CNPF 8104, Diamante Negro, Empasc 201 - Chapecó, IAPAR 44, IPR Graúna, IPR Juriti, IPR Uirapuru, LP 9728, Pérola, SCS 202-Guará, Sel. CP 9310635, TPS Bionobre, TPS Bonito, TPS Magnífico, TPS Nobre, TPS Soberano e Xamego perante Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (Cff, em condições de casa-de-vegetação. As cultivares IAC Carioca Akytã, IAC Carioca Aruã e IAC Carioca Pyatã foram empregadas como padrões de resistência a Cff. As avaliações dos sintomas ocorreram aos 5, 10, 15, 20 e 25 dias após a inoculação (DAI e, posteriormente, foi estimada a área abaixo da curva de progresso da murcha-de-curtobacterium (AACPMC, em cada genótipo. A doença esteve presente nos municípios de Campos Novos, Faxinal dos Guedes, Guatambu, Ipuaçu, Ponte Serrada e Tigrinhos e que, aos 10 DAI, as cultivares SCS 202 - Guará e IPR Juriti mostraram baixa severidade. Porém, aos 25 DAI, somente as cultivares padrões foram resistentes e apresentaram menor AACPMC.It was evaluated the occurrence of bacterial wilt in localities of Santa Catarina State, during the harvest of 2002/03 and 2003/04, and the behavior of the genotypes BRS Valente, Carioca, CHC 97-29, CHP 97-26, CNPF 8104, Diamante Negro, Empasc 201 - Chapecó, IAPAR 44, IPR Graúna, IPR Juriti, IPR Uirapuru, LP 9728, Pérola, SCS 202 - Guará, Sel. CP 9310635, TPS Bionobre, TPS Bonito, TPS Magnífico, TPS Nobre, TPS Soberano and Xamego to Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (Cff, under greenhouse conditions. The cultivars IAC Carioca Akytã, IAC Carioca Aruã, and IAC Carioca Pyatã were used as patterns of resistance to Cff. The evaluations of the symptoms were performed at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 days after inoculation (DAI and

  4. Aspects related to quality of life and physical activity of military police officers of Santa CatarinaBrazil

    OpenAIRE

    Antônio Melo Schlichting; Jader Peron Schlichting; Paulo José Barbosa Gutierres Filho*; Fernando Adami; António Silva

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between quality of life, health, physical activity, occupation, body composition and sociodemographic characteristics of Military Police of Santa Catarina, Brazil. 302 Police Officers participated in this study, randomly selected through a simple drawing and in accordance with the eligibility criteria. Data were collected through two questionnaires from the World Health Organization, one of them concerning quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref), and the ...

  5. OCCURRENCE OF Calodium hepaticum (BANCROFT, 1893) MORAVEC, 1982 EGGS IN FECES OF DOGS AND CATS IN LAGES, SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    de QUADROS, Rosiléia Marinho; WEISS, Paulo Henrique Exterchoter; MILETTI, Luiz Claudio; Anderson Barbosa de MOURA

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to report the incidence of Calodium hepaticum among dogs and cats, pets or stray animals, captured by the Zoonosis Control Center (CCZ) in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Fecal samples from 108 pet dogs and eight pet cats, and from 357 stray dogs and 97 stray cats, captured by CCZ, were analyzed within the period from July 2010 to November 2012. Coproparasitological exams were performed by techniques of sedimentation, centrifuge-flotation, and simple flotation. Among 465 fecal ...

  6. Breeding waterbirds (Pelecaniformes) at Maracujá island, Babitonga bay estuary, north coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Venson Grose; Marta Jussara Cremer; Nei Moreira

    2014-01-01

    Waterbirds usually breed in an aggregate way, forming large breeding colonies with different species. This study describes biological aspects of waterbirds from a colony at Maracujá island, in the Babitonga bay estuary, north coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We collected data on species richness, abundance, breeding chronology, predation, and nest distribution in the island. Within the period from September 2010 to February 2011, 15 waterbird species were identified using the ...

  7. Latent human herpesvirus - 8 (HHV-8 infection in female commercial sex workers from Imbituba, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Adele Caterino-de-Araujo

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8 infection was identified in 6 out of 90 (6.7% female commercial sex workers from Imbituba, Santa Catarina, and was associated to age. Frequencies of 5.6% of anti-latent and 3.3% of anti-lytic antibodies were detected. Considering non-endemic areas from Brazil, the anti-latent antibodies frequency seems elevated and requires further investigation on referent female population.

  8. Energy rationalization in the ceramic industry of Santa Catarina State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work presents information about the energy consumption behavior, and modification on the specific energy consumption, of the ceramic industry of Santa Catarina, related to energy conservation programs coordinated on government level. Examples of some of the adopted solutions were also presented here, to illustrate their influence on the energy consumption and on the variation of the specific consumption. (author)

  9. Spatio-temporal variation of ichthyoplankton in estuarine beaches at the Babitonga bay, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Micheli Duarte de Paula Costa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, estuarine beaches are poorly studied with regard to ichthyoplankton. In this context, from August 2005 to July 2006, monthly collections were conducted, using conical plankton net with 200μm mesh size and 40cm mouth diameter, at seven estuarine beaches in the polyhaline sector of Babitonga bay, Santa Catarina, Brazil. At each beach, data regarding temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH, chlorophyll-a, and zooplankton volume were obtained. A total of 54,384 fish eggs and 10,576 fish larvae were collected, with a general mean abundance of 3,114 eggs.100m-3 and 607 larvae.100m-3. Higher abundance of eggs occurred from October to March and higher abundance of larvae occurred from October to December and between February and April. Among the beaches, higher abundance of eggs was recorded at the intermediate ones and higher abundance of larvae was recorded at the outermost ones (those closest to the estuary mouth. There was a predominance of larvae from the families Haemulidae, Engraulidae, Gobiidae, Sciaenidae, Blenniidae, Carangidae, and Sparidae, most of them found in the warmest period of the year. Analysis on the water column variables, chlorophyll-a, zooplankton volume and ichthyoplankton showed low correlations in the shallow habitats under study.

  10. The zooplankton of Santa Catarina continental shelf in southern Brazil with emphasis on Copepoda and Cladocera and their relationship with physical coastal processes El zooplancton de la plataforma continental de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil con énfasis en Copepoda y Cladocera y sus relaciones con procesos físicos costeros

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Domingos-Nunes; Charrid Resgalla Jr

    2012-01-01

    Very few studies have been carried out to exclusively investigate the zooplankton community of Santa Catarina State continental shelf, despite the economic and ecological importance of the area. This coastal region of southern Brazil presents highly relevant oceanographic processes, such as the strong influence of continental inputs, resurgence in the Cabo de Santa Marta Grande and River Plata plume water to the south. Two sampling cruises were carried out, in December 2005 and May 2006, in o...

  11. Ottillie Hammes: pioneira da enfermagem catarinense Ottillie Hammes: pionera de la enfermería de Santa Catarina, Brasil Ottillie Hammes: a nursing pioneer in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Miriam Süsskind Borenstein

    2009-04-01

    trajectory, to present some of her biography traces and analyze her contribution for nursing profession in Santa Catarina, Brazil. During the data collection, interviews were made and documentary sources were utilized. Data was categorized according to content analysis and and also according Foucault's approach. The results demonstrated that Ottillie Hammes caused expressive change in Santa Catarina's nursing, due to the Nursing Auxiliaries School funded in Florianópolis; of the Brazilian Nursing Association - Santa Catarina's Section; the creation and the incentive to the approval of the Law that made the nurse's engaging on the scientific - technician category, increasing the development of the profession and improving the assistance provided to the population.

  12. Hematological parameters of Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae from polluted and non-polluted sites in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Parâmetros hematológicos de Pimelodus maculatus (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae em local poluído e não poluído no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Tomas Jerônimo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the hematological response of Pimelodus maculatuscaptured in two environments with different levels of pollution in the Itajaí-Açu river, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. One of them, hereby named reference site, is a water captation site that supplies the city of Blumenau, in which the riparian forest is preserved and there is no sewage discharge. The other, denominated polluted site, is characterized by discharge of domestic sewage. After water quality analysis, fish were captured, transported to the laboratory and anesthetized for the hematological exam. In the polluted site, the most probable number of fecal coliforms and water transparency were respectively higher and lower than that observed at the reference site. The main results were an increased percentage of hematocrit and reduced numbers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the differential counting in fish from the polluted site. Red blood cells, total white blood cells and total counting of thrombocytesdid not vary between environments. The number of neutrophils remained at high levels in fish from both environments. This study demonstrated that water quality might affect the hematological parameters in free-living fish.Este estudo avaliou a resposta hematológica de Pimelodus maculatuscapturado em dois ambientes com diferentes níveis de poluição no rio Itajaí-Açu, Estado de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Um deles é um local de captação de água para abastecimento da cidade de Blumenau, onde a mata ciliar é preservada e não há descarga de esgotodenominado de local referência. O outro é caracterizado por descarga de esgoto doméstico denominado local poluído. Após a análise da qualidade da água, os peixes foram capturados, transportados para o laboratório e anestesiados para o exame hematológico. No localpoluído, o número mais provável de coliformes fecais foi maior e a transparência da água menor do que o local sem a descarga de esgoto

  13. Stratification of the state of Santa Catarina in macro-environments for bean cultivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Garcia Bertoldo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to suggest a division of the State of Santa Catarina in macro-environments forexperimentation and bean production. Data of the traits grain yield and plant cycle were evaluated in 10 common beangenotypes grown in nine environments. The data were submitted to the Student-Newman Keuls test, to detect differencesbetween environments, and the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction, to predict the environmental values. The results showed: (adifferences between the regions of Santa Catarina for the traits grain yield and plant cycle, which had a significant positivecorrelation of 0.26 (b Based on the genotypes and environments studied the state can be divided in two macro-environments(MA1 and MA2 and four micro-environments (MI1, MI2, MI3 and MI4. The state of Santa Catarina may be roughly dividedin at least two macro-environments for the recommendation of new cultivars.

  14. Depositional setting, petrology and chemistry of Permian coals from the Paraná Basin: 2. South Santa Catarina Coalfield, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalkreuth, W.; Holz, M.; Mexias, A.; Balbinot, M.; Levandowski, J.; Willett, J.; Finkelman, R.; Burger, H.

    2010-01-01

    In Brazil economically important coal deposits occur in the southern part of the Paran?? Basin, where coal seams occur in the Permian Rio Bonito Formation, with major coal development in the states of Rio Grande de Sul and Santa Catarina. The current paper presents results on sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the coal-bearing strata, and petrological and geochemical coal seam characterization from the South Santa Catarina Coalfield, Paran?? Basin.In terms of sequence stratigraphic interpretation the precursor mires of the Santa Catarina coal seams formed in an estuarine-barrier shoreface depositional environment, with major peat accumulation in a high stand systems tract (Pre-Bonito and Bonito seams), a lowstand systems tract (Ponta Alta seam, seam A, seam B) and a transgressive systems tract (Irapu??, Barro Branco and Treviso seams).Seam thicknesses range from 1.70 to 2.39. m, but high proportions of impure coal (coaly shale and shaley coal), carbonaceous shale and partings reduce the net coal thickness significantly. Coal lithoypes are variable, with banded coal predominant in the Barro Branco seam, and banded dull and dull coal predominantly in Bonito and Irapu?? seams, respectively. Results from petrographic analyses indicate a vitrinite reflectance range from 0.76 to 1.63 %Rrandom (HVB A to LVB coal). Maceral group distribution varies significantly, with the Barro Branco seam having the highest vitrinite content (mean 67.5 vol%), whereas the Irapu?? seam has the highest inertinite content (33.8. vol%). Liptinite mean values range from 7.8. vol% (Barro Branco seam) to 22.5. vol% (Irapu?? seam).Results from proximate analyses indicate for the three seams high ash yields (50.2 - 64.2wt.%). Considering the International Classification of in-Seam Coals, all samples are in fact classified as carbonaceous rocks (>50wt.% ash). Sulfur contents range from 3.4 to 7.7 wt.%, of which the major part occurs as pyritic sulfur. Results of X-ray diffraction indicate the

  15. Ascídias (Tunicata, Ascidiacea da Reserva Biológica Marinha do Arvoredo, Santa Catarina, Brasil Ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea from the Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana M. da Rocha

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A Reserva Biológica Marinha de Arvoredo compreende uma extensa área (17.800 ha, onde se elevam as ilhas do Arvoredo, Galé, Deserta e calhau de São Pedro. O levantamento de espécies de ascídias foi realizado por meio de mergulho autônomo m águas rasas (5-17 m de profundidade. Vinte e seis espécies são aqui registradas, entre as quais Lissoclinum perforatum (Giard, 1872, L. verrilli (Van Name, 1902 e Leptoclinides latus Monniot, 1983 representam novos registros para o Brasil, e outras 19 espécies representam novos registros para o Estado de Santa Catarina. Com este resultado, 34 espécies de ascídias já foram registradas em Santa Catarina, das quais 22 são marcadamente tropicais. Este cenário não representa a diversidade total da Reserva, uma vez que três espécies novas serão descritas em outra publicação e os locais mais expostos e profundos das ilhas não foram amostrados.The Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve covers an extensive area including the islands Arvoredo, Galés and Deserta and a small rocky outcrop called São Pedro. The survey of ascidians was accomplished with scuba dive, only in shallow water (5-17 m deep. Twenty-six species are here registered, among which Lissoclinum perforatum (Giard, 1872, L. verrilli (Van Name, 1902 and Leptoclinides latus Monniot, 1983 represent new reports to Brazil, and other 19 species represent new reports to the State of Santa Catarina. Together with the results of the present work, 34 ascidian species have already been reported from Santa Catarina, of the which 22 are remarkably tropical. This scenery doesn't represent the total diversity of the Reserve, since three new species will be described in another publication and the most exposed and deep places of the islands were not sampled.

  16. First Record of Amblyomma ovale (Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae parasitizing Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818 (Carnivora: Mustelidae in Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Sc, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibiana Verdin De Andrade

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Three female and one male Amblyomma ovale (Acari: Ixodidae were found parasitizing a neotropical otter (Lontra longicaudis (Carnivora: Mustelidae in Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. This is the first record of the occurrence of A. ovale in Santa Catarina Island and the second report of this ectoparasite in a mustelid species in Brazil. A. ovale has been reported in wild carnivores in several Brazilian states and is considered one of the main predominant species of the Atlantic rainforest. The Amblyomma ticks are primarily responsible for the spread of BSF in humans. Among the species of Amblyomma infesting dogs is the A. ovale and the proximity between man and the dog favors the parasite sharing. Santa Catarina Island has many rural and wild environments shared by domestic animals, especially dogs, such as the environment where the otter was found in this study. Proper determination of tick species and their distribution in different geographical regions is essential for the understanding of the epidemiology of Rickettsiosis.

  17. Measurement and modeling of wind waves at the northern coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    José Henrique G. M. Alves

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Directional measurements of wind-wave spectra made during the year of 1996 are used in a preliminary investigation of the wind-wave climate and its transformation at the São Francisco do Sul island, northern coast of the Santa Catarina state. Four major sea states and associated meteorological conditions are identified through analyses of joint distributions of observed wave parameters. Transformations of these main sea-state patterns due to refraction and shoaling are investigated through a numerical modeling approach that allows the reconstruction of the wave field within extensive coastal areas, using single point measurements of the wave spectrum in shallow waters. Cross-validation of measured and reconstructed spectra at the study site yield consistent results, suggesting that the proposed methodology works well for the São Francisco do Sul coast.Medições do espectro direcional de ondas geradas pelo vento realizadas em 1996 são utilizadas em uma investigação preliminar do clima de ondas no litoral norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Quatro estados de mar predominantes são identificados, em conjunto com os padrões meteorológicos associados a sua ocorrência, através de análises estatísticas. As transformações desses quatro estados de mar devido a refraçâo e empinamento são investigadas através de modelos numéricos, que permitem obter estimativas do campo de ondas em áreas extensas a partir de medições pontuais feitas em águas rasas. Comparações entre espectros medidos e modelados produzem resultados consistentes, sugerindo que a metodologia proposta é válida para a costa de São Francisco do Sul.

  18. Incidental catch of marine turtles by the artisanal fisheries on Santa Catarina Island, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Hanazaki

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The five species of sea turtles, which inhabit the Brazilian shore, have a wordwide distribution and are threatened with extinction. The south of Brazil is characterized as a feeding and breeding area of at least three of these species. The presence of turtles close to the shore and their incidental catch are occurrences reported by artisan fishermen of the Island of Santa Catarina in this work. The study was based on a questionnaire, applied to fishermen and fishfarmers at selected spots on the island. Scientific and popular names were matched using illustrations. The spots with the highest number of events and captures were close to the islands, rocky coasts and stony grounds, i.e. areas related with the foraging habits of the most abundant species, Chelonia mydas. The place, depth and size of the net are characteristics, which influence the capture. The time the net remains in the water is a factor which is fundamental to the survival of the captured turtles. The flesh of the turtle is used as an occasional feeding resource. Capacitation programs and training applied to the communities involved are recommended.

  19. Ion microprobe (SHRIMP dates complex granulite from Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

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    HARTMANN LÉO A.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Complex polymetamorphic granulites have been dated in the Santa Catarina granulite complex of southern Brazil through SHRIMP study of zircon. This complex is dominated by intermediate-acid plutonic rocks and contains small volumes of mafic and ultramafic rocks, and minor quartzite and banded iron formation. Porphyroblasts of orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and plagioclase in mafic and acid rocks are interpreted as magmatic remnants in a volumetrically dominant granoblastic aggregate (M1 of the same minerals and hornblende. Hornblende formed during a later M2 metamorphic event constitutes rims around pyroxene, but the hornblende is also rimmed by granoblastic simplectites of orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, hornblende and plagioclase in a second granulite facies event (M3. Chlorite and epidote occur in shear zones (M4. This granulite terrain is part of a Neoproterozoic craton, because it was little affected by the Brasiliano Cycle. The two granulite-facies events (M1 and M3 are dated by U/Pb zircon SHRIMP at about 2.68 and 2.17 Ga, while the magmatic protoliths formed at about 2.72 Ga. The amphibolite facies event (M2 probably occurred close to the 2.17 Ga granulitic metamorphism.

  20. Perfil epidemiológico dos usuários dos Centros de Testagem e Aconselhamento do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no ano de 2005 Epidemiological profile of the clientele in HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider; Carla Ribeiro; Daiane Breda; Lacita Menezes Skalinski; Eleonora d'Orsi

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo caracteriza o perfil dos usuários que procuraram os Centros de Testagem Anônima (CTAs) em Santa Catarina, Brasil, em 2005, e determina os fatores associados à contaminação pelo HIV. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo transversal em pessoas que freqüentaram os CTAs. Foram analisados os dados de 22.846 entrevistas realizadas no momento pré-teste, 64,7% sexo feminino e 35,3% masculino. A prevalência de HIV positivo encontrada nesses exames foi de 2% no sexo feminino e 5,6% no masc...

  1. Alguns elementos da história da educação matemática no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no século 20: a aritmética nos grupos escolares - Some elements of the history of mathematics education in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    David Antonio da Costa, Brasil

    2014-01-01

    O modelo dos grupos escolares difundiu-se, gradativamente, pelos demais Estados brasileiros a partir de São Paulo, no início do século 20. Este texto analisa, historicamente, a trajetória da constituição dos saberes elementares, particularmente a Aritmética, no Estado de Santa Catarina e toma como documento de pesquisa os textos escolares normativos. As características presentes nos textos sobre o ensino de Aritmética revelam vestígios da influência paulista nos materiais didáticos e na metod...

  2. Estimativa do risco para diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em bancários da cidade de Tubarão, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil = Assessing the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in bank employees from the city of Tubarao, Santa Catarina state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Bittencourt, Amanda; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho

    2013-01-01

    Objetivos: Avaliar a presença de risco para o desenvolvimento de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em bancários da cidade de Tubarão, estado de Santa Catarina. Métodos: Através de um estudo transversal, foram considerados elegíveis para o estudo todos os bancários que trabalhavam nas agências de Tubarão. Foi aplicado o questionário Diabetes Risk Score para determinação do risco de desenvolver diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em 10 anos e o risco foi classificado em baixo, pouco elevado, moderado, alto e mu...

  3. Enteropatógenos associados com diarréia infantil (< 5 anos de idade) em amostra da população da área metropolitana de Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants (< 5 years old) in a population sample in Greater Metropolitan Criciúma, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Felice Jaqueline Schnack; Lidiani de Medeiros Fontana; Paulo Roberto Barbosa; Loraine Storch Meyer da Silva; Clair Maria Martinello Baillargeon; Tatiana Barichello; Marinete Marins Póvoa; Carlos Eugênio Cavasini; Ricardo Luiz Dantas Machado

    2003-01-01

    Foi investigada a presença de enteropatógenos em 94 casos de diarréia e 45 casos-controle em crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade, atendidas no Centro de Saúde Municipal de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Entre os parasitos isolados, o Cryptosporidium (85,1%) foi o mais freqüente, seguido pela Entamoeba histolytica (56,4%) e a Giardia lamblia (4,3%). Quatro amostras apresentaram Escherichia coli enteropatogênica (4,3%). A Samonella e a Shiguella não foram detectadas em nenhuma amostra. Somente um caso f...

  4. Espécies de Cladonia P. Browne (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycota dos Supergrupos Cocciferae, Crustaceae e Perviae em restingas e costões rochosos dos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina, Brasil Species of Cladonia P. Browne (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycota, of Supergroup Cocciferae, Crustaceae and Perviae, from restinga vegetation and rocky shores of Paraná and Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Luiz Gumboski

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pouco se conhece das espécies de Cladonia que ocorrem nos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina. Informações sobre a ocorrência de liquens em restingas são muito escassas e não há qualquer registro para costões rochosos. O objetivo do trabalho foi realizar um levantamento intensivo das espécies de Cladonia presentes em áreas de restingas e costões rochosos presentes nos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Foram encontradas nove espécies pertencentes aos Supergrupos Cocciferae, Crustaceae e Perviae, sendo que Cladonia squamosa é nova citação para o Paraná e C. palmicola para Santa Catarina. Todas as espécies encontradas ocorrem em restingas e sete delas também em costões rochosos. São apresentadas chave de identificação, descrições, comentários e ilustrações.Little is known about the species of Cladonia that occur in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil. Information about the occurrence of lichens in restinga (a type of coastal vegetation in Brazil is very scarce and there are no records from rocky shores. The main goal of the present work was to make an intensive survey of Cladonia species that grow in restinga and on the rocky shores of this region. Nine species belonging to Supergroups Cocciferae, Crustaceae and Perviae were found, and two of them were new records: Cladonia squamosa for Paraná and C. palmicola for Santa Catarina. All of the species recorded occur in restinga and seven of them are also found along rocky shores. An identification key, descriptions, comments and illustrations are provided.

  5. Evaluation of antibiotics dispensing profile in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Claudia Rauber

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Antibiotics are drugs widely used in prophylaxis and treatment of a great number of diseases. However, their use must be carefully controlled as acquisition in pharmacies, often without medical prescription, is elevated. The role of pharmacists in these circumstances is to practice dispensation in a rational manner. Through a structured questionnaire with open and closed questions, this study investigated the profile of antibiotics dispensed in pharmacies of Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil. From the responses, it was observed that 85.0% dispense this class of medicine without medical prescription, mainly for treatment of respiratory (62.8% and urinary (12.0% tract disorders. Moreover, pharmacists' guidance was largely focused on posology (66.6% and drug interaction (12.6%, in addition to the interactions with contraceptives, alcohol and milk. The importance of avoiding antibiotics dispensation without medical prescription must be emphasized, as well as the benefits of educating the population to promote the rational use of medicines.Antibióticos são fármacos amplamente utilizados na profilaxia e no tratamento de grande número de doenças. Entretanto, seu uso deve ser cuidadosamente controlado nas farmácias, uma vez que nestas a aquisição sem prescrição médica é elevada. O papel dos farmacêuticos nessas circunstâncias é o de praticar a dispensação de maneira racional. Por meio de questionário estruturado, com questões abertas e fechadas, investigou-se o perfil dos antibióticos dispensados em farmácias de Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Pelas respostas, observou-se que 85% das dispensa essa classe de medicamentos sem prescrição médica, principalmente para o tratamento de problemas dos tratos respiratório (62,8% e urinário (12,0%. Além disso, a orientação dos farmacêuticos se focou amplamente na posologia (66,6%e nas interações com fármacos (12,6%, em adição às interações com anticoncepcionais, álcool e

  6. Energy Balance of the Santa Catarina State - Series 1980 -1996; Balanco energetico do Estado de Santa Catarina - Serie 1980-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    This energy balance of the Santa Catarina State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: economic aspects; supply and demand of energy by source 1980-1996; energy consumption by sector 1980/1996; energy interchange; and balance of the transformation centers 1980/1996.

  7. A contribuição da vulnerabilidade na determinação do índice de desenvolvimento humano: estudando o estado de Santa Catarina The contribution of vulnerability to determining the human development index: studying Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Maria Panhoca da Silva; Luiz Panhoca

    2007-01-01

    O conceito de Desenvolvimento Humano parte do pressuposto de que para aferir o avanço de uma população não se deve considerar apenas a dimensão econômica, mas também outras características sociais, culturais e políticas. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a relação entre a vulnerabilidade e o Desenvolvimento Humano e propor um enfoque para o acompanhamento das metas 4 e 5 do milênio, utilizando como objeto de estudo os municípios do Estado de Santa Catarina. Os dados foram obtidos do Atlas d...

  8. Gastrointestinal parasites in goats from Monte Castelo, Santa Catarina, Brazil Parasitas gastrintestinais em caprinos de Monte Castelo, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Perito Cardoso

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out with the aim of estimating the degree of gastrointestinal helminth infection in goats on the Northern Plateau of Santa Catarina. Twelve young females and 11 adult females were used. Every 28 days, feces samples were taken to quantify the nematode eggs per gram of feces (EPG. Larval culturing was performed on a pool of positive samples from the same group. The fecal egg counts (FECs ranged from zero to 10,400 EPG in the young group and zero to 7,600 EPG in the adult group. The mean FECs were between 583.3 and 4441.7 in the young group and between 418.2 and 2181.8 in the adult group. Eggs of the order Strongylida and genera Moniezia and Toxocara, and oocysts of Coccidia, were observed. The young animals were more affected and Haemonchus was the most prevalent genus in the samples.Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de estimar o grau de infecção dos helmintos gastrintestinais em um rebanho caprino criado no Planalto Norte Catarinense. Foram utilizadas 12 fêmeas jovens e 11 adultas, das quais, a cada 28 dias, foram coletadas amostras de fezes diretamente do reto, totalizando 12 coletas, para quantificação de ovos por grama de fezes (OPG e cultivo de larvas através de "pool" das amostras positivas do mesmo grupo. A contagem de OPG variou de zero a 10.400 nos animais jovens e de zero a 7.600 nos adultos. As médias do OPG entre as coletas foram de 583,3 a 4.441,7 no grupo jovem e de 418,2 a 2.181,8 nos adultos, sendo observados ovos da ordem Strongylida, dos gêneros Moniezia e Toxocara, bem como oocistos de coccídeos. Os animais mais jovens foram os mais acometidos, sendo o gênero Haemonchus o mais prevalente.

  9. Source correlation of biomarkers in a mangrove ecosystem on Santa Catarina Island in southern Brazil

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    Cesar A. Silva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The relative distribution of several compounds identified in four samples of recently deposited sediments of the Itacorubi Mangrove located on the Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil, was compared with similar data on compounds extracted from fresh leaves of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana, the dominant species in the area, Rhizophora mangle and Laguncularia racemosa and the Gramineae Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenols, previously identified in mangrove species in northern Brazil, were also found. A. schaueriana mainly contains β-amyrin (90.6 μg g-1 of extractable organic matter; low amounts of friedelin, betulin and germanicol were detected only in the leaf extract of this species. R. mangle also contained a significant amount of β-amyrin and it was the only species where taraxerol was detected. In contrast to the leaves, sediment extracts were dominated by germanicol, α-amyrin and campesterol. Despite its chemical lability, betulin was also detected. Two homologous series of α and ω-hydroxy fatty acids were detected in the acid-alkaline fraction. In spite of being reported in the literature as components of terrigenous plants, saturated ω-hydroxy acids were not identified. Our results indicate that although triterpenols may be used as biomarkers for mangrove-derived organic matter, their relative distribution can change according to the region.A distribuição relativa de vários compostos identificados em quatro amostras de sedimentos recentemente depositados no manguezal do Itacorubi, localizado na Ilha de Santa Catarina, no sul do Brasil, foi comparada a dos diversos compostos extraídos de folhas frescas de três espécies de mangues: Avicennia schaueriana, espécie dominante na região, Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa, e a gramínea Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenóis identificados previamente em espécies de mangues no norte do Brasil também foram encontrados. A espécie A. schaueriana cont

  10. Annual statistic report - Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A. -1995. Continuous supplying

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data concerning the electric power supplied in 1995 by the Santa Catarina State utility, Brazil, are presented. The data is presented in a graphic way and are compared regionwise to those of the previous year. 82 figs., 11 tabs

  11. Tectonic evolution of the Brusque Group, Dom Feliciano belt, Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basei, M. A. S.; Campos Neto, M. C.; Castro, N. A.; Nutman, A. P.; Wemmer, K.; Yamamoto, M. T.; Hueck, M.; Osako, L.; Siga, O.; Passarelli, C. R.

    2011-12-01

    The Dom Feliciano Belt constitutes the main geotectonic unit of the southeastern portion of Brazil and Uruguay. It was formed by the end of the Neoproterozoic as a result of the interaction among the Rio de La Plata, Paranapanema, Congo and Kalahari cratons during the formation of Western Gondwana. The Brusque Group represents the supracrustal units of the Dom Feliciano Belt that occur in its northernmost part, which ends in the Brazilian coast and probable continuity in the Kaoko Belt in southwestern Africa. It is possible to constrain the evolution of the Brusque Group paleobasin to the Neoproterozoic, with the rift phase starting in the Tonian (940-840 Ma) and the main sedimentation occurring until 640 Ma, as indicated by the ages of the acid volcanic rocks intercalated with the metasedimentary sequence. The supracrustal rocks can be grouped in three main units lithostratigraphically organized from the oldest to the youngest: Rio Oliveira Formation (rift phase, predominating metavolcanic units), Botuverá Formation (metasedimentary) and Rio da Areia Formation (metavolcano-carbonatic). Between 640 and 600 Ma several metamorphism and deformation phases affected the Brusque Group. Around 600 ± 10 Ma the three granitic suites (São João Batista, Valsungana and Nova Trento) were emplaced within regional metamorphites, producing post-foliation S2 metamorphic aureoles. S2 represents the main foliation observed in the metavolcanosedimentary rocks that constitute the Brusque Group. The tectonic model for the evolution of Brusque Group can be better achieved only when the geochemical, isotopic and geochronologic information available for the Dom Feliciano Belt in Santa Catarina, is considered as a whole. Therefore it is here suggested that the Brusque Group initially evolved in an independent peri-cratonic basin setting separated from the Florianópolis - Pelotas-Aiguá magmatic arc by the Adamastor ocean, having been juxtaposed to it only around 600 Ma, when Brusque

  12. Simbiontes associados com Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae na Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente, Santa Catarina, Brasil Symbionts associated with Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae on Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guisla Boehs

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Berbigões, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, de bancos naturais da Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente (SC, Brasil, foram examinados quanto a presença de simbiontes. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia e poliquetos espionídeos (Polychaeta foram observados macroscopicamente. A análise das secções histológicas evidenciou esporocistos de trematódeos (Digenea, um metacestóide (Cestoda e dois ciliados (Ciliophora.Pointed venus, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, from natural beds of Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region (SE Brazil were examined in respect of symbiotic associations. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia, and polychaete worms (Polychaeta were found by macroscopic diagnosis. By analysis of histological sections, it was noted trematode sporocysts (Digenea, a metacestode (Cestoda and two ciliates (Ciliophora.

  13. Flutuação populacional de Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera, Tephritidae na Região Oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil Population fluctuation of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera, Tephritidae in the Western Region of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fruit flies are the major pests in fruit orchards and require a frequent insecticide aplication control, which increases production cost and chemical residues in fruits. Adults of Anastrepha fraterculus were sampled from twelve peach, plum, orange, tangerine and acid lime orchards in four counties in the Western Region of Santa Catarina. Modified McPhail plastic traps, baited with glucose 10%, were used to collect the flies from October 1998 to September 2000. Trap monitoring, bait replacement and fruit flies sorting by species and sex were done weekly. A total of 4,164 specimens of A. fraterculus was collected and highest population was registered in the county of Chapecó (64,8% of all sampled flies. Adults were collected all year long, with the highest population peaks occurring from December and January, although the fluctuation was different for each fruit species due to their particular phenology and in different years. Positive correlation among temperature, atmospheric humidity and population levels of adults of A. fraterculus was observed. According to the degree days obtained for each year, 4851.9, 4632.9 and 4983.7, respectively in 1998, 1999 and 2000, it was established that A. fraterculus could present an average of 11.2 generations a year.

  14. Reprodução de Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of the Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus in the Santa Catarina's coast, Brazil

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    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O savacu Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758 é uma espécie de hábitos crepusculares e noturnos, com ampla distribuição geográfica. Sua biologia reprodutiva tem sido intensivamente estudada nos países de ocorrência, entretanto, no Brasil, é comumente citada nos levantamentos de ornitólogos, mas não existem informações disponíveis sobre seu ciclo de vida. Esse trabalho objetiva contribuir para o conhecimento da biologia reprodutiva dessa espécie no litoral catarinense. As amostragens foram realizadas nos anos de 2000 a 2002 na Ilha dos Pássaros e de 2002 na Ilha dos Lobos, Santa Catarina. As maiores abundâncias de exemplares e ninhos com ovos ocorreram em outubro, sendo que o comprimento médio dos ovos variou entre 5,02 ± 0,23 a 5,07 ± 0,21 cm e o volume 31,71 ± 2,64 a 35,92 ± 3,47 cm³ e as maiores freqüências de filhotes em novembro, culminando o abandono da colônia em meados de janeiro. Foram identificados sete itens nos regurgitos dos filhotes, sendo que os peixes marinhos representaram 44,4% da massa total. O principal predador na colônia foi o urubu-comum, que atuou sobre os ovos no início da temporada e os filhotes no final.The black-crowned night heron N. nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758 is a aquatic bird with twilight and night habits, with wide geographical distribution. His reproductive biology has been studied intensively at the occurrence countries, however, in Brazil, it is mentioned commonly in the ornithologists' risings, but available information don't exist on his life cycle. This work aims to contribute for the knowledge of the reproductive biology of that species in the Santa Catarina coast. The samplings were accomplished in the years from 2000 to 2002 in the Ilha dos Pássaros and of 2002 in the Ilha dos Lobos, Santa Catarina. The largest abundances of individuals and nests with eggs happened in October, and the medium length of the eggs varied between 5.02 ± 0.23 to 5.07 ± 0.21 cm and the volume 31

  15. Distribution of Neotropical Otter, Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818 (Mustelidae in Coastal Islands Of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

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    Oldemar Carvalho-Junior,

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the distribution of neotropical otters (Lontra longicaudis in coastal islands of Santa Catarina State. A total of 23 islands were surveyed, through 46 field trips. Otter's signs were found in 9 islands, representing 39% of the total. It is believed that the Lontra longicaudis use these islands as a support for its movement from one place to another. The results could be indicating the existence of a coastal ecological corridor used by the neotropical otter.

  16. Females and post-pubescent adolescents: groups with high exposure to the development of body image dissatisfaction in São Bonifácio, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Yara Lucy Fidelix; Edio Luiz Petroski; Andreia Pelegrini

    2014-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction in adolescents and analyse associated factors. The sample under analysis comprised 278 adolescents, 10- to 17-year-old students from government schools in a small town in southern Brazil. Sociodemographic information was collected (age, sex, area of residence and educational level of family head), coupled to self-assessment of sexual maturation and body image perception (scale of body silhouettes). Frequency distribution was employed f...

  17. Reprodução de Sterna hirundinacea Lesson e S. eurygnatha Saunders (Aves, Laridae, no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson and S. eurygnatha Saunders, along Santa Catarina coast, Brazil

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    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available On the Brazilian coast, those species nest sympatrically, from the islands of Espírito Santo State to Santa Catarina State. From 1999 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of studying the breeding of S. hirundinacea and S. eurygnatha along Santa Catarina coast. The size of colonies in number of couples, reproduction strategy, length, width, weight and the volume of the eggs, as well as bill length and weight of the nestlings were determined. S. hirundinacea youth weight/length relationship was estimated and the reproductive success of the terns colonies was also determined.

  18. Physical and sanitary quality of soybean seeds produced in the state of Santa Catarina

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    Volmir Frandoloso

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Soybean production accounts for approximately 43% of Brazil’s grain produce, worth over 81 million tons for the 2012- 2013 cropping season. The use of quality seeds is essential for a high-yield agriculture, since low quality seeds compromise plant standing and increase production costs due to reseeding. This will in turn reduce yields through delays on the establishment dates. Seed quality is affected by relative humidity levels, mechanical damage during harvest and processing, thermal damage during the drying process and the environmental conditions during storage that could foster insect and fungi damage. The climate in the state of Santa Catarina favors soybean seed production, and seed companies in general work with high levels of technology. This work is aimed at characterizing the physical and sanitary quality of soybean seeds produced by different companies at different locations throughout the state of Santa Catarina (municipalities of Xanxerê, Abelardo Luz, Campos Novos and Canoinhas. The physical purity, moisture level, sanitary quality and mechanical damage of soybean seeds were studied at three stages, i.e. reception at the seed processing unit, at the end of the processing process and before being marketed. Results pointed out at mechanical injury and cultivar mixture as the main issues concerning seed lot quality, and that soybean seeds produced in Santa Catarina show pathogen contamination, which emphasizes the need for seed treatment.

  19. Representações sociais da água em Santa Catarina Representaciones sociales del agua en Santa Catarina Social representation of water in Santa Catarina State

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    Gislei Mocelin Polli; Ariane Kuhnen; Eliza Gonçalves de Azevedo; Jamile Fantin; Roberta Ferreira Gasparino da Silva

    2009-01-01

    Preocupações ambientais, entre elas problemas relacionados à água, estão cada vez mais presentes na sociedade contemporânea. Nesta pesquisa buscou-se conhecer as representações sociais da água em comunidades rurais de Santa Catarina. Este é um dos subprojetos do programa Tecnologias Sociais para Gestão da Água, patrocinado pela Petrobrás Ambiental. Para este estudo houve aplicação de instrumento de evocações livres, tendo como termo indutor "Água". As respostas foram tratadas pelos programas ...

  20. Pharmaceutical assistance in local public health services in Santa Catarina (Brazil: characteristics of its organization

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    Ana Paula Veber

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study outlines the diagnosis stage of 201 Municipal Pharmaceutical Assistance Plans sent to the Directorate of Pharmaceutical Assistance of the State Secretariat for Health of Santa Catarina (DIAF-SES/SC between November 12, 2005 and July 6, 2006. Multiple Correspondence Analysis was used in conjunction with SPAD 3.5 software, followed by hypothesis testing. The variables "pharmacist presence" and "population" were those which most contributed to the formation of the three clusters of municipalities observed. The number of drugs contained in the Municipal Lists of Essential Drugs (REMUMEs ranged from 15 to 413. A total of 67 towns had between 101 and 200 drugs- a range considered ideal in this study according to the 2006 National List of Essential Drugs. No tendency toward correlation between number of drugs listed in the REMUMES and municipality population size was found. Results confirmed the known disparity in Pharmaceutical Assistance among municipalities of different sizes and highlighted the need for structuring the activities of Pharmaceutical Assistance in the municipalities studied. There is also a need for greater commitment from all management spheres so that activities of Pharmaceutical Assistance at a local level ensure access to quality drugs and services, while fostering rational use.Este estudo retrata a etapa de diagnóstico de 201 Planos Municipais de Assistência Farmacêutica enviados entre 12 de novembro de 2005 a 06 de julho de 2006 à Diretoria de Assistência Farmacêutica da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Santa Catarina (DIAF-SES/SC. Utilizou-se a Análise de Correspondência Múltipla, através do programa SPAD 3.5 e posteriormente realizou-se teste de hipótese. As variáveis "presença de farmacêutico" e "população" foram as que mais contribuíram para a formação dos três agrupamentos de municípios evidenciados. O número de medicamentos constantes das Relações Municipais de Medicamentos Essenciais

  1. A estruturação da rede de empresas processadoras de aves no Estado de Santa Catarina: governança contratual e dependência de recursos Structuring of the dynamic power resources of poultry farming and processing companies in Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Raquel Nakazato Pinotti

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a formação distribuição de recursos dinâmicos de poder das empresas processadoras avícolas do estado de Santa Catarina. O desenvolvimento do sistema de contratos de integração na avicultura catarinense teve influencia de diversos fatores: características históricas (experiência com a suinocultura, regional (proximidade com a cultura da soja, participação política, ações individuais e coletivas (associações dos atores, recursos dinâmicos de poder (constitucionais, tecnológicos, financeiros, políticos, organizacionais e jurídicos. Nesse contexto, foi possível concluir a avicultura sulista teve trajetória de dependência (path dependence bem distinta, o que conduziu à estruturação do sistema de contratos de forma mais eficiente do quem outras regiões do país.This article discusses the formation and distribution of dynamic power resources in the poultry processing companies of the state Santa Catarina, Brazil. The development of the integration contract system in Santa Catarina's poultry processing industry was influenced by various factors: historical characteristics (experience with pig breeding, regional characteristics (proximity to soybean farming, political participation, individual and collective actions of the actors (associations, and dynamic power resources (constitutional, technological, financial, legal, political and organizational. In this context, it was concluded that the poultry farming and processing industry in the state of Santa Catarina followed a very distinct path of dependence, which led to the structuring of a more efficient contract system than that of other regions in the country.

  2. Estrutura de uma floresta brejosa em substrato turfoso, Sul de Santa Catarina, Brasil Structure of a swamp forests on peat substrates, south of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Rafael Martins

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se descrever a diversidade e a estrutura do componente lenhoso de uma floresta brejosa em substrato turfoso no sul do Estado de Santa Catarina, correlacionando dados florísticos com variáveis ambientais. Indivíduos com DAP ≥ 5 cm foram amostrados em 100 parcelas de 10 x 10 m em um quadrado permanente de 1 ha. As variáveis ambientais foram classificadas em topográficas, químicas e texturais do solo e de luminosidade. Correlações espécie-ambiente foram obtidas por Análise de Correspondência Canônica (CCA. Comparações florísticas foram realizadas por análise de agrupamento (UPGMA e análise de correspondência. A diversidade específica foi considerada baixa, pois foram amostradas apenas 26 espécies. A CCA evidenciou que as variáveis ambientais mensuradas possuem pouca influência na distribuição das espécies, ressaltando assim sua adaptação ao ambiente anóxico, fortemente limitante. Dados de similaridade demonstraram que o substrato turfoso age como um filtro ambiental adicional, além do estresse hídrico, na composição de espécies nas formações turfosas/brejosas.This study aimed to describe the diversity and structure of woody vegetation of a swamp forests on peat substrate in the southern state of Santa Catarina, correlating floristic data with environmental variables. Individuals with DBH < 5 cm were sampled in 100 plots of 10 x 10 m in one hectare squared plot. Environmental variables are classified in topographical, chemical and soil texture and light availability. Species-environment correlations were obtained by Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA. Floristic comparisons were performed by cluster (UPGMA and correspondence analysis. Diversity was considered low because of the occurrence only 26 species in the whole sample. The CCA revealed that the measured variables have little influence on the distribution of species, highlighting the adaptation of these strong limiting environment. Similarity

  3. Molecular characterization of grapevine from Santa Catarina, Brazil, using microsatellite markers Caracterização molecular de videiras de Santa Catarina por marcadores microssatélites

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    Mariane Ruzza Schuck

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to characterize the grape germplasm in Santa Catarina, Brazil, using microsatellite DNA markers (simple sequence repeats - SSR. The DNA samples were collected from leaves and shoots of accessions of public and private collections from the counties Urussanga, Nova Trento, Rodeio, São Joaquim, Campos Novos, Videira, and Água Doce. Ten SSR loci (VVS2, VVMD5, VVMD7, VVMD27, VrZAG62, VrZAG79, VVMD25, VVMD28, VVMD31, and VVMD32 were analysed by capillary electrophoresis. Molecular profiling was conducted for 190 grapevines (European, American, and hybrids, and 67 genotypes were obtained. The data were compared with each other and with those from the literature and from online databases, in order to identify varieties and discover cases of synonymy and homonymy. Forty molecular profiles corresponded to known varieties, while 27 genotypes were described for the first time. The existence of typical germplasm composed mainly of American and hybrid varieties is an important finding for local viticulture. Applications of the results rely on quality control and certification at the nursery level. Increasing precision in the characterization of grapevine genotypes may help breeding programs.O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar a diversidade de videiras em Santa Catarina, por meio de marcadores moleculares microssatélites ("simple sequence repeats" - SSR. Amostras de DNA foram coletadas a partir de folhas e ramos de acessos de coleções de germoplasma públicas e privadas, nos municípios de Urussanga, Nova Trento, Rodeio, São Joaquim, Campos Novos, Videira e Água Doce. Dez loci SSR (VVS2, VVMD5, VVMD7, VVMD27, VrZAG62, VrZAG79, VVMD25, VVMD28, VVMD31 e VVMD32 foram analisados por eletroforese capilar. Foram produzidos perfis moleculares de 190 acessos de videira (europeus, americanos e híbridos, e 67 genótipos foram individualizados. Os dados foram comparados entre si e com aqueles disponíveis em literatura e em

  4. Reproductive ability and level of infestation of the Varroa destructor mite in Apis mellifera apiaries in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v36i1.20366

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    Francisco Estevão Carneiro

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Varroa destructor mite causes mortality of Apis mellifera bees throughout the world. Its greatest damage to these colonies has been reported in European countries and North America. The impact of the mite is related to the climate and the bee race on each region in which the plague has been established. Varroa causes little damage to the colonies of africanized honeybees in Brazil and the levels of infestation are relatively small and stable. The reproductive ability of Varroa females was evaluated in pupae of workers of 17-18 days of age, obtained from eight beehives of africanized bees for twelve months. The average number of offspring (deutonymphs, protonymphs and eggs each Varroa produced was 3.18 ± 0.19. The average total number of deutonymph and protonymph was, respectively, 1.57 ± 0.15 and 1.61 ± 0.14. The levels of infestation demonstrated that the plague continue reaching low levels, the average was 4.11 ± 3.42.

  5. Females and post-pubescent adolescents: groups with high exposure to the development of body image dissatisfaction in São Bonifácio, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Yara Lucy Fidelix

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available To determine the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction in adolescents and analyse associated factors. The sample under analysis comprised 278 adolescents, 10- to 17-year-old students from government schools in a small town in southern Brazil. Sociodemographic information was collected (age, sex, area of residence and educational level of family head, coupled to self-assessment of sexual maturation and body image perception (scale of body silhouettes. Frequency distribution was employed for statistical analysis; Student’s t test was applied for independent samples; chi-square and Fisher's exact test and Poisson regression with robust variance adjustment were used. The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction was 59.3%, or rather, higher among females (65.6% than among males (53%. An association between body image and sexual maturation existed which revealed that post-pubescent adolescents were more likely to show body image dissatisfaction when compared to their pre-pubescent peers. Females and post-pubescent adolescents were more likely to feel body image dissatisfaction. Intervention programs may be proposed as strategies for the construction of a positive body image.

  6. Honey Bees of Santa Catarina, Brazil, have only African mitochondrial DNA

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    M. Lopes-da-Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available As diferenças entre a subspécie de abelha africana (Apis mellifera scutellata e as subspécies europeias (Apis mellifera mellifera e Apis mellifera ligustica nos quesitos comportamento higiênico e agressividade são marcantes. Diferenças acentuadas no comportamento higiênico entre colônias de abelhas foram relatadas em Santa Catarina, Brasil. Suspeitou-se que essas diferenças fossem devidas a um possível fluxo gênico entre as abelhas africanizadas brasileiras e as abelhas europeias da Argentina. Amostras de abelhas de 30 localidades de Santa Catarina foram analisadas por meio do uso de um marcador PCR-RFLP do DNA mitocondrial específico para identificação da origem da linhagem maternal. Os resultados indicaram ausência de linhagem materna de origem europeia em Santa Catarina. Baseando-se em hipóteses e resultados de trabalhos anteriores, conclui-se que não há fluxo gênico entre as populações das diferentes subespécies. O resultado também reforça que a eliminação do DNA maternal europeu é um indicativo de ineficácia de introduções de abelhas de subespécies europeias, no Brasil, com propósitos de melhoramento do atributo agressividade.

  7. Características clínicas do araneísmo em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v28i1.1107 Clinical features of araneism in children and teenager in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v28i1.1107

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    Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar a incidência e a caracterização dos acidentes com aranhas em crianças e adolescentes no município de Chapecó, Estado de Santa Catarina, de 1995 a 2001, realizou-se este trabalho. O estudo foi de caráter descritivo e exploratório. Para tanto, verificaram-se os registros das notificações realizadas pela vigilância epidemiológica nos anos 1995 a 2001 e calcularam-se a incidência e a freqüência. Para a população de 1995 foram utilizados os dados do Censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE de 1991, acrescentando crescimento de 3,35% ao ano; já para os anos seguintes foi utilizado o Censo de 1996 e 2000, com crescimento anual de 2,84%. No município de Chapecó ocorreram 30 acidentes com aranhas durante o período estudado, sendo que a maioria foi ocasionada por aranhas do gênero Loxosceles. As partes do corpo mais acometidas foram coxas/pernas, pé/dedos e mão/dedos. As principais alterações clínicas apresentadas pelos pacientes foram dor, edema e eritema. Conclui-se que os casos de araneísmo vêm aumentando no município de ChapecóWith the objective of verifying the frequency and characterizing of accidents involving people bitten by spiders in Chapecó town, Santa Catarina State, from 1995 to 2001, this paper was held. The study is descriptive and exploratory. This way, we verified the registrations of noted by the epidemiological department from 1995 to 2001 being able for us to calculate the frequency of incidents. For the 1995 population we used data from the 1991 Brazilian Geographic Statistic Institute (IBGE census adding a 3.35% growth a year, on the other hand for the following years it was used the 1996 and 2000 census with an annual 2.84% growth. In Chapecó occurred 30 accidents with spiders during the studied period, being the most expressive part of it caused by spiders of the genera Loxosceles. The body’s most bitten parts were thigh/legs, foot/toes and hand

  8. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of the seabirds in Santa Catarina's coastal islands, Brazil

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    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies involving the reproduction of seabirds in the Santa Catarina coast are scarce. From 1996 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of identifying the ranches, the species and to study some aspects of their reproductive cycle. Five species: Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783; Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914; Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823; Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831; S. eurygnatha Sauders, 1876, breed in the islands of Santa Catarina, with the largest intensity in the period of May to December. The size of the colonies varied in function of the species and of the reproduction area.

  9. em Santa Catarina

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    Lígia Helena Hahn Lüchmann

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to analyze the capacity of inclusion of the poorer sectors of the population in the processes of participative experiences, taking as empirical reference some data on the profile of the representatives and political participants in different spheres of Brazilian political performance (in special, the managing councils of public policies and Participative Budgets - PBs anchored, more specifically, on the data of cities in Santa Catarina State (south of Brazil. A brief discussion on the political participation is carried on in the beginning, rescuing the main theoretical sources of this debate, followed by a presentation of some empirical data regarding the social economical profile (focusing the data of income and scholar of the political representatives in the experiences analyzed herein. Finaly, we formulate some possible theoretical explanations for the differences found in the profile of the participants of the managing councils and PBs.

  10. Representações sociais da água em Santa Catarina Representaciones sociales del agua en Santa Catarina Social representation of water in Santa Catarina State

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    Gislei Mocelin Polli

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Preocupações ambientais, entre elas problemas relacionados à água, estão cada vez mais presentes na sociedade contemporânea. Nesta pesquisa buscou-se conhecer as representações sociais da água em comunidades rurais de Santa Catarina. Este é um dos subprojetos do programa Tecnologias Sociais para Gestão da Água, patrocinado pela Petrobrás Ambiental. Para este estudo houve aplicação de instrumento de evocações livres, tendo como termo indutor "Água". As respostas foram tratadas pelos programas Evoc e Similitude 2000 e analisadas a partir da teoria do núcleo central. Os resultados indicam que a água é compreendida como essencial à vida, ligada à saúde e de necessária preservação. A sustentabilidade também é suscitada, pois a água é considerada essencial à sobrevivência. Seu uso em atividades cotidianas também foi considerado. Elementos como poluição, economia e escassez indicam preocupação com o que vem acontecendo em relação ao recurso e com a necessidade de preservá-lo.Preocupaciones ambientales, entre ellos problemas relacionados al agua, están cada vez más presentes en la sociedad. En esta investigación se buscó conocer las representaciones sociales del agua en comunidades rurales de Santa Catarina. Este es uno de los proyectos subordinados al Programa: Tecnologías Sociales para la Gestión del Agua, patrocinado por la Petrobras Ambiental. Para este estudio fue aplicado un instrumento de evocación libre, teniendo como término inductor "Agua". Las respuestas fueron procesadas por los programas Evoc y Similitude 2000, y analisadas a partir de la teoría del núcleo central. Los resultados indican que el agua es entendida como escencial para la vida, ligada a la salud, y necesita ser preservada. La sustentabilidad también es considerada, pues el agua es considerada esencial para la sobrevivencia. El uso del recurso en actividades cotidianas también fue considerado. Elementos como polución, econom

  11. Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) from the gills of a marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier, of Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

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    Thatcher Vernon E.; Souza-Conceição José M.; Jost Glauco Fernando

    2003-01-01

    Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) is described on the basis of 105 females and three males taken from the gill chambers of the marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier,1829), obtained near Santa Catarina Island, Brazil. The new species resembles Lironeca redmanni Leach, 1818, in size and general appearance but differs from that species in a number of important respects. In the new species, the pleotelson is larger, the pleonites are laterally produced, the uropods have...

  12. Annotated Checklist of Aphodiinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae from Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    2015-08-01

    Resumo. Uma extensiva revisão da literatura foi realizada para listar as espécies de Aphodiinae dos estados de Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul. Um total de 35 espécies de Aphodiinae pertencentes a duas tribos e 12 gêneros foi registrado para a região estudada. Vinte e nove espécies (82,8% foram registradas para Santa Catarina e 16 (45,7% para o Rio Grande do Sul. Apenas nove espécies (25,7% foram compartilhadas por ambos os estados. Ataenius Harold, 1867 foi o gênero com o maior número de espécies (20, seguindo por Saprosites Redtenbacher, 1858 com apenas três espécies. Os outros gêneros foram representados por uma ou duas espécies. Novas listas devem ser feitas para outros estados brasileiros.

  13. Neurocisticercose em pacientes internados por epilepsia no Hospital Regional de Chapecó região oeste do Estado de Santa Catarina Prevalence of neurocysticercosis among epileptic in-patients in the west of Santa Catarina - Southern Brazil

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    PAULO CESAR TREVISOL-BITTENCOURT

    1998-03-01

    evaluate NC as aetiology of epilepsy in the west of Santa Catarina. This state belong to southern Brazil and it has a very developed economy. However, due the widespread swine farming in the west district, many of them without any sanitary control, the national health authorities have considered all this area at risk to NC. The study was carried out in Chapecó, the main town in that region, where CT Scan service was started in 1995. All patients put on hospital care due epileptic seizures in 1995-96 were considered. Febrile convulsions were excluded of the sample. We found a very expressive prevalence rate of NC among patients suffering from epilepsy. Roughly 24% of these patients, showed unequivocal tomography evidences for the diagnosis of NC. Our data suggest cysticercosis as a real endemic trouble in the area and, overdosis of information in proper language, diffuse to the whole population, seems to be the only remedy to fight against it. Moreover, we should pay special attention to everyone related to swine farming, does not matter how this activity has been classificated.

  14. Conhecimento popular e utilização dos medicamentos genéricos na população do município de Tubarão, SC General awareness and use of generic medication among citizens of Tubarão, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Raquel Blatt

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Embora os genéricos tenham sido introduzidos no país para oferecer alternativa mais acessível aos medicamentos de referência, representam apenas 14% das vendas em unidades no conjunto do mercado farmacêutico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar o nível de conhecimento e o grau de utilização de genéricos em residentes do município de Tubarão, SC. Para isso, realizou-se um estudo transversal com uma amostra de 234 entrevistados, estratificada por bairro. Quanto ao grau de utilização, a maioria dos entrevistados já havia utilizado genéricos, e metade possuía pelo menos um exemplar dessa opção em casa. Para verificar o conhecimento sobre os diferentes tipos de medicamentos, realizou-se um teste de identificação de figuras de embalagens representativas das versões genérico, de referência e similar do paracetamol e do atenolol, 91,0% dos sujeitos identificaram corretamente todas as figuras. Ser de classe econômica mais elevada, já ter utilizado medicamento genérico, acreditar que o genérico tem o mesmo efeito que o medicamento de referência, encontrar medicamentos genéricos nas farmácias com facilidade e costumar comprar o genérico foram fatores associados positivamente com a identificação correta.Although generic medication has been introduced in the country to offer an accessible alternative to brand-name medication, it represents only 14% of sales in number of units within the pharmaceutical market. The aim of this work was to research the level of awareness and the use of generic products among residents of the municipality of Tubarão, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A transversal study was carried out with a sample of 234 interviewees, distributed among municipal areas. With regard to use, the majority of those interviewed had used generic medication, and half of them had at least one such product in their home. To verify awareness of different types of medication, pictures with the generic, brand name and

  15. 75 FR 69851 - Changes in Disease Status of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina With Regard to Certain...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... vesicular disease, classical swine fever, and African swine fever. We are also adding Santa Catarina to the... disease, classical swine fever, and African swine fever while continuing to protect the United States from...-mouth disease (FMD), African swine fever (ASF), classical swine fever (CSF), and swine vesicular...

  16. Differences in richness and composition of gastrointestinal parasites of small rodents (Cricetidae, Rodentia) in a continental and insular area of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina state, Brazil Diferenças na composição e na riqueza de parasitas gastrointestinais de pequenos roedores (Cricetidae, Rodentia) em uma área continental e uma insular de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    VV. Kuhnen; ME. Graipel; CJC. Pinto

    2012-01-01

    The first and only study on gastrointestinal parasites of wild rodents in the Island of Santa Catarina was done in 1987. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites from wild rodents in Santo Amaro da Imperatriz and Santa Catariana Island, and to compare the richness and composition of the gastrointestinal parasite community of both areas. Rodents were captured with live traps, and feces were screened using the sedimentation method and optical microscopy. The following species ...

  17. Conselhos Municipais de Alimentação Escolar em Santa Catarina: caracterização e perfil de atuação Municipal School Nutrition Councils in Santa Catarina, Brazil: characterization and performance profile

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    Gilberto Veras Caldeiras

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os Conselhos Municipais de Alimentação Escolar (CAE no Estado de Santa Catarina. Investigação transversal em amostra de municípios catarinenses (n = 152; 52%. Entrevistaram-se preferencialmente os presidentes dos CAE, pesquisando-se o perfil dos conselheiros, as atribuições realizadas e a relação do CAE com outras instâncias de controle social. Utilizou-se Regressão de Poisson para obter razões de prevalências bruta e ajustada. No modelo ajustado seguiu-se uma abordagem hierárquica. A maioria dos conselhos analisava a prestação de contas, fiscalizava os recursos, zelava pela qualidade do PNAE em todos os níveis, orientava o armazenamento dos alimentos, participava da elaboração do cardápio, acompanhava a compra de gêneros e tinha regimento interno. Entretanto, apenas 22,4% realizavam todas as atribuições com frequência maior ou igual à anual. Verificou-se associação positiva entre uma boa atuação do CAE e existência de relação com outros conselhos locais. A sensibilização dos CAE e o estímulo à atua­ção articulada com outros conselhos e atores envolvidos com a segurança alimentar e nutricional, são essenciais para a garantia do direito à alimentação saudável e adequada nas escolas.The aim of this study is to assess Municipal School Nutrition Councils (CAEs of the Brazilian School Nutrition Program (PNAE in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of municipalities in the state (n = 152; 52%. CAE presidents were interviewed and asked about the counselor profile, attributions performed and the relation of CAEs with other local councils. Poisson regression analysis was conducted to obtain unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios and the adjusted model adopted a hierarchic approach. The majority of councils analyzed their accounting reports, monitored resources and strived for quality of the CAEs at all levels. They

  18. Avifauna associada a ambientes de influência marítima no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Avifauna associated to environments subjected to marine influence along Santa Catarina Coast, Brazil

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    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Apesar dos 561,4 km e de aproximadamente 300 praias e vários estuários ao longo da costa catarinense, informações sobre as aves associadas aos ambientes de influência marítima são escassos. Durante o período de abril/2002 a maio/2003 foram realizados censos trimestrais na avifauna com o objetivo de determinar a composição e abundância dos agrupamentos, diversidade, equitabilidade e similaridade ao longo do litoral de Santa Catarina. Foram realizados 28 censos, sendo efetuados quatro por sítio e registradas a ocorrência de 62 espécies em bandos mistos, onde as aves marinhas costeiras e algumas limícolas foram as mais freqüentes e abundantes.Informations about birds associated to environments subjected to marine influence are scarce in Santa Catarina State, despite its 561.4 km and approximately 300 beaches and several estuaries. Trimestral bird censuses were realized from April/2002 to May/2003 with the purpose of determining the composition and abundance of bird groupings, diversity, equitability and similarity along Santa Catarina coast. A total of 28 censuses were realized, four in each site. It was registered the occurrence of 62 species in mixed groups, where the coastal seabirds and some limnological birds were the most frequent and abundant ones.

  19. Arsenic content of soils from three regions of Santa Catarina State

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    Leticia Cristina de Souza

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The determination of trace elements is necessary in order to monitor their entry into the soil system and to remediate contaminated areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural content of arsenic (As in soils of three regions of Santa Catarina State (SC: the Southern Plateau, the Metropolitan area and the Southern Coast. Arsenic content was obtained after digestion in a microwave oven, following the USEPA 3051 A protocol and quantification was made by atomic absorption spectrometry with electrothermal atomization. The results were analyzed by the Scott-Knott test at a 5% significance level. Soil attributes that best correlated with arsenic content were clay, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity and Al and Fe oxides. The arsenic levels are related to the source material and the slope of regional soils.

  20. Chemical, mineralogical and ceramic properties of clays from Northern Santa Catarina, Brazil; Caracterizaco fisico-quimica de argilas da regiao norte de Santa Catarina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, S.L.; Bloot, E.L.; Folgueras, M.V., E-mail: sivaldo@joinville.udesc.b [Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC/CCT), Joinville, SC (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Tecnologicas; Hotza, D. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC/EQA), Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica

    2009-07-01

    Clay materials crop out in the northern Santa Catarina mining district were investigated in order to assess their potential in the ceramic industry. Four different clays (A, B, C and D) were selected. Their chemical composition was obtained by Xray fluorescence and their mineralogy by X-ray diffraction, coupled with numerical rational analysis. Their thermal behaviour was studied by differential thermal analysis. Technological testing consisted in a simulation of the industrial processing performed at a laboratory scale. The test pieces were obtained by pressing and fired in the range of 850-1200 deg C. In each case their technological properties were studied. The main mineralogical phases detected were kaolinite, quartz and mica. Hematite and feldspars may be present in the clays. The clays show two groups of particle sizes almost equally frequent in the range of 1 to 60 {mu}m. The northern Santa Catarina clays are suitable for the production of bricks and earthenware in the 900- 1100 deg C range. (author)

  1. Paleogeographical evolution of the Itapoa coastal plain, Northern coast of Santa Catarina, SC, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper aims to characterize the paleogeographical evolution of the Itapoa coastal plain during the Quaternary and to compare this evolution with other proposed models. To reach the objectives the area was mapped in scale 1:50.000, sub-surface information were obtained from geotechnical drillings and paleosea-levels were inferred by radiocarbon dating performed on vermetids tubes, wood fragments and shells of Anomalocardia brasiliana samples. The paleosea-level reconstructions are consistent with the sea level curve proposed in previous works. The evolution model for the Itapoa coastal plain proposed in this work is similar to the model proposed for the coastal plain of Paranagua. The paleogeographical evolution of the Itapoa coastal plain can be summarized as: formation of fans during Lower Miocene, with sea level similar or lower than the present one; island-barrier formation during the Upper Pleistocene transgression maximum; formation of extensive regressive barriers and later dissection by a rectangular pattern drainage system, during sea level low stand; island barrier formation during the Holocene transgression maximum, with inlets associated to the present mouth of Sai-Mirim and Sai-Guacu rivers; formation of extensive regressive barriers during falling sea level period. During the Holocene regression, spits grew northward, moving northward the estuarine inlets as well. This drift direction is the same that was suggested for Parana and Santa Catarina north coast. During regression until present the Sai-Mirim River has eroded the Holocene barrier inland portion, that probably caused the erosion of most of the Holocene transgressive barrier-islands. (author)

  2. Differences in richness and composition of gastrointestinal parasites of small rodents (Cricetidae, Rodentia in a continental and insular area of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina state, Brazil Diferenças na composição e na riqueza de parasitas gastrointestinais de pequenos roedores (Cricetidae, Rodentia em uma área continental e uma insular de Floresta Atlântica em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VV. Kuhnen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The first and only study on gastrointestinal parasites of wild rodents in the Island of Santa Catarina was done in 1987. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites from wild rodents in Santo Amaro da Imperatriz and Santa Catariana Island, and to compare the richness and composition of the gastrointestinal parasite community of both areas. Rodents were captured with live traps, and feces were screened using the sedimentation method and optical microscopy. The following species of rodents were captured in the two areas: Akodon montensis, Euryoryzomys russatus, Oligoryzomys nigripes and Nectomys squamipes. In Santo Amaro da Impetratriz, prevalent parasites were: A. montensis (51%, E. russatus (62%, O. nigripes (53% and N. squamipes (20%. From the Island of Santa Catarina the rodent prevalence rates were: A. montensis (43%, E. russatus (59%, O. nigripes (30% and N. squamipes (33% and the collected parasites were: Hymenolepis sp., Longistriata sp., Strongyloides sp., Hassalstrongylus sp., Syphacia sp., Trichomonas sp., Ancylostomidae, Trichuridae, Oxyuridae and Eucoccidiorida. The species richness (10.6 ± 0.7 of the endoparasite comunity in the area located on the continent was higher (p Parasitas gastrointestinais de roedores silvestres foram estudados pela primeira vez na Ilha de Santa Catarina em 1987. Desde então, nenhum outro estudo nessa área foi realizado no Estado. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar parasitas intestinais de roedores silvestres de Santo Amaro da Imperatriz e da Ilha de Santa Catarina, bem como comparar a composição e a riqueza da comunidade de parasitas gastrointestinais de ambas as áreas. A análise das fezes dos animais capturados foi realizada por meio do método de sedimentação espontânea (HJP e por microscopia óptica. Nas duas áreas, foram capturadas as espécies de roedores Akodon montensis, Euryoryzomys russatus, Oligoryzomys nigripes e Nectomys squamipes. Em Santo Amaro da

  3. Mortalidade por aborto no Estado de Santa Catarina - 1996 a 2005 Mortalidad materna asociada al aborto en el Estado de Santa Catarina - 1996 a 2005 Abortion mortality in the Santa Catarina State from 1996 to 2005

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    Maria de Lourdes de Souza

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A mortalidade materna associada ao aborto revela as condições sociais da mulher. Este estudo, exploratório-descritivo, tem o objetivo de identificar o perfil das mulheres que tiveram morte associada ao aborto no Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 1996 a 2005. As fontes para a coleta dos dados foram: o Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e o Sistema de Informações sobre os Nascidos Vivos, do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. Foram encontradas 31 mortes maternas associadas ao aborto; destas, 51,61% ocorreram em mulheres casadas; 38,71% das mulheres tinham de 1 a 8 anos de escolaridade, e para 48,39% o grau de instrução foi registrado como ignorado. Os dois valores mais elevados da razão de mortalidade materna foram encontrados na Região Oeste, 5,148, e na Região Norte, 4,761.La mortalidad materna asociada al aborto revela las condiciones sociales de la mujer. El objetivo de este estudio exploratorio descriptivo es identificar el perfil de la mujer con muerte asociada al aborto en el estado de Santa Catarina, en el período de 1996 hasta 2005. Las fuentes para la colecta de los datos fueron el Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mortalidad y el Sistema de Informaciones sobre los Nacidos Vivos, del Ministerio de la Salud de Brasil. Fueron analizadas 31 muertes maternas asociadas al aborto, de estas 51,61% ocurrieron en mujeres casadas; 38,71% tenían de 1 a 8 años de escolaridad, y 48,39% grado de instrucción ignorado. En la región Oeste del estado fue observada la razón de mortalidad materna de 5,148, seguida de la Región Norte con 4,761.The Maternal Mortality associated with abortion reveals woman social conditions in life. The goal of this exploratory and descriptive study is to identify the profile of women who have had death associated with abortion in the Santa Catarina State during the period of 1996 to 2005. The source of data collection was the Information System on Mortality and the Information System of Live Newborns

  4. Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae from the gills of a marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier, of Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thatcher Vernon E.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae is described on the basis of 105 females and three males taken from the gill chambers of the marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier,1829, obtained near Santa Catarina Island, Brazil. The new species resembles Lironeca redmanni Leach, 1818, in size and general appearance but differs from that species in a number of important respects. In the new species, the pleotelson is larger, the pleonites are laterally produced, the uropods have elongate and slender rami and the larval stage (Pullus II has a prominent frontal projection.

  5. Validação dos sistemas de alerta Machardy e Colpam 40® para previsão da requeima do tomateiro em Caçador, SC Validation of the warning systems MacHardy and Colpam 40® to forecast late blight in tomato from Caçador municipality, Santa Catarina state (SC Brazil

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    Walter Ferreira Becker

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram validados dois sistemas de alerta na requeima do tomateiro, no município de Caçador-SC em dois ciclos de cultivo. No primeiro ciclo, os métodos de MacHardy modificado e Colpam 40®, este com valor de severidade acumulado da doença (VS igual a 10, como alerta para a pulverização de fungicidas de contato e comparados ao sistema convencional de calendário no híbrido Carmen e na cultivar Santa Clara. Em relação ao convencional, a indicação de pulverizações pelos sistemas de alerta permitiu uma redução na aplicação de fungicidas de 33,3% e 48,1%, pelos métodos de MacHardy modificado e Colpam 40®, respectivamente. A produtividade foi maior no híbrido Carmen do que na cv. S. Clara, mas em cada um destes materiais não houve diferença entre os sistemas de alerta e o convencional. Na cv. Carmen não houve diferença no controle da requeima na comparação do sistema convencional com o Colpam 40®. No segundo ciclo, usou-se o híbrido Carmen e os sistemas de alerta McHardy e Colpam 40 ® este com VS igual a 8 e 10 comparando-os ao sistema convencional. Não houve diferença na produtividade entre os tratamentos. Em relação ao número de pulverizações houve redução de 42,8% e 60,7% para VS igual a 8 e 10, respectivamente, com o sistema de alerta do Colpam 40® e de 39,2% com o de McHardy. Na avaliação da requeima, não houve diferença entre os tratamentos, exceto para o maior VS de alerta monitorado segundo o Colpam 40® cuja intensidade da doença foi maior. Este trabalho demonstrou que o uso destes dois sistemas de alerta da requeima, MacHardy e Colpam 40, poderiam ser ferramentas úteis para os produtores de tomate na tomada de decisão da pulverização em tomate na região de Caçador, SC.Two warning systems for late blight in tomato were evaluated in two growing seasons in Caçador Municipality, Santa Catarina State (SC, Brazil. In the first growing season, as warming for fungicide spraying in late blight control

  6. Visions of development and environmental values in the municipal councils of Itajaí Middle Valley, Santa Catarina State

    OpenAIRE

    Cleci Teresinha Noara; Luciano Felix Florit

    2009-01-01

    This paper began in November 2006, it deals with environmental values the councils of environment of Blumenau and Indaial on the middle Vale of Itajaí, Santa Catarina State. The objective was to identify and to analyze the environment values and interests that permeate the practice of these councils. The subject becomes relevant because the theorical sources are scarces, data-collecting interviews, comments bibliographical and documentary. The results demonstrate even though the council membe...

  7. Moscas-das-frutas em pomares de pessegueiro e maracujazeiro, no Município de Iraceminha, Santa Catarina, Brasil Fruit flies in peach and passion fruit orchards in Iraceminha, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Alberti

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve o objetivo de caracterizar a comunidade de moscas-das-frutas de ocorrência em pomares de pessegueiro e maracujazeiro, no Município de Iraceminha, Santa Catarina (SC, por meio da análise faunística. Os adultos de moscas-das-frutas foram capturados semanalmente, em armadilhas McPhail, contendo glicose invertida a 10%, no período de abril de 2006 a março de 2007. Na caracterização, foram calculados os índices de abundância, constância, dominância, frequência e diversidade. Foram coletados 697 adultos de moscas-das-frutas. Anastrepha grandis e Anastrepha fraterculus foram as espécies mais abundantes, frequentes, constantes e dominantes nos pomares estudados, predominando sobre as outras espécies de moscas-das-frutas. Ceratitis capitata foi caracterizada como dispersa e pouco frequente. O maior índice de diversidade encontrado foi de 1,99 no pomar de maracujazeiro.This research had the objective to characterize the community of fruit flies in peach and passion fruit orchards in Iraceminha, Santa Catarina, Brazil, through faunistic analyses. The adults fruit flies were weekly captured in McPhail traps with 10% inverted glucose, from April 2006 to March 2007. In the characterization, the indices for abundance, constancy, dominance, frequency and diversity were calculated. A total of 697 adults fruit flies were collected. Anastrepha grandis and Anastrepha fraterculus species were the most abundant, frequent, constant and dominant in orchards studied, predominating upon other fruit flies species. Ceratitis capitata was dispersed and not very frequent. The biggest index of diversity of 1.99 was in passion fruit orchard.

  8. HIV frequency among female sex workers in Imbituba, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Schuelter Trevisol

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available We examined HIV frequency and probable risk factors among female sex workers in the port city of Imbituba, Southern Brazil. From December 2003 through February 2004, 90 female sex workers were interviewed in order to investigate demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables related to HIV infection. A blood sample of each woman was also collected to test for HIV antibodies. Six (6.7% of the sex workers were HIV-positive; the significantly-correlated risk factors were the daily number of clients (p = 0.008, the use of inhaled illicit drugs by the sex workers (P = 0.053 and by their clients (p = 0.005, and the lack of condom use in sexual relations (p = 0.015. The HIV infection rate in these sex workers was higher than that in the general population and similar to that found in other studies made with Brazilian populations presenting the same characteristics. This highlights the need for preventative measures, especially in this port area, in order to reduce transmission and to deter the introduction and dissemination of HIV.

  9. Medical students’ personal choice for mode of delivery in Santa Catarina, Brazil: a cross-sectional, quantitative study

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    Watanabe Tatiane

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The increase in overall rates of cesarean sections (CS in Brazil causes concern and it appears that multiple factors are involved in this fact. In 2009, undergraduate students in the first and final years of medical school at the University of Santa Catarina answered questionnaires regarding their choice of mode of delivery. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the education process affects decision-making regarding the waay of childbirth preferred by medical students. Methods A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted based on data obtained from questionnaires applied to medical students. The questions addressed four different scenarios in childbirth, as follows: under an uneventful pregnancy; the mode of delivery for a pregnant woman under their care; the best choice as a healthcare manager and lastly, choosing the birth of their own child. For each circumstance, there was an open question to explain their choice. Results A total of 189 students answered the questionnaires. For any uneventful pregnancy and for a pregnant woman under their care, 8.46% of the students would opt for CS. As a healthcare manager, only 2.64% of the students would recommend CS. For these three scenarios, the answers of the students in the first year did not differ from those given by students in the sixth year. In the case of the student’s own or a partner’s pregnancy, 41.4% of those in the sixth year and 16.8% of those in the first year would choose a CS. A positive association was found between being a sixth year student and a personal preference for CS according to logistic regression (OR = 2.91; 95%CI: 1.03–8.30. Pain associated with vaginal delivery was usually the reason for choosing a CS. Conclusions A higher number of sixth year students preferred a CS for their own pregnancy (or their partner’s compared to first year students. Pain associated with vaginal delivery was the most common reason given for haven chosen

  10. Soil ants and bromeliad-nesting ants in an Atlantic Forest area, Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil: Species inventory and new records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina Steiner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The myrmecofauna in an Atlantic Forest area was studied using various methods for soil ants and bromeliad-nesting ants. Monthly collections were performed between March 2002 and August 2004, using a Winkler extractor, pitfall traps and bromeliad individuals. One hundred and twenty-four species from nine subfamilies and 33 genera were found. The richest genera were Pheidole, Solenopsis, Crematogaster, Acromyrmex and Camponotus. More species were found in soil than in bromeliads, with 8% occurring in both habitats. Twelve species are new records for Santa Catarina State and 19 are new for the greater Florianópolis region. These results correlate with the use of new methodologies for the region, showing that the ant fauna of Santa Catarina Island still needs to be better studied.

  11. Epidemiologia dos carcinomas basocelulares em Tubarão, Santa Catarina (SC, Brasil, entre 1999 e 2008 Epidemiology of basal cell carcinomas in Tubarão, Santa Catarina (SC, Brazil between 1999 and 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geisiane Custódio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: O câncer da pele é frequente no Brasil, com incidência crescente. Na Região Sul de Santa Catarina não existem dados da incidência de carcinoma basocelular. OBJETIVO: Estabelecer dados do carcinoma basocelular em Tubarão (SC entre 1999 e 2008. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com revisão dos laudos anatomopatológicos de carcinoma basocelular dos laboratórios de Tubarão (SC, com coleta das variáveis de interesse: ano do diagnóstico, idade, gênero, cidade de origem, local da lesão, subtipo histológico, diâmetro da lesão, comprometimento de margem e ocorrência de recidiva. RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 3.253 laudos de carcinoma basocelular, com maior frequência na faixa etária entre 61 e 80 anos. Calculou-se o coeficiente de incidência para carcinoma basocelular de 164,5 em 1999 e 295,2 em 2008 para cada 100 mil habitantes, acarretando aumento de 80%. A região cefálica foi a mais acometida e o subtipo histológico mais comum foi o nodular. Houve associação entre gênero masculino e a localização em tronco e orelha, e entre gênero feminino e ocorrência de carcinoma basocelular no nariz. O subtipo esclerodermiforme foi o mais agressivo em relação ao comprometimento de margens. CONCLUSÃO: Do total de casos de carcinoma basocelular, houve prevalência de margens comprometidas após ressecção em 27% das lesões. Após análise multivariada, as lesões de 2cm ou mais apresentaram probabilidade 5,5 vezes maior de comprometimento de margens, ao passo que a localização em face indicou probabilidade 1,8 vez maior (pBACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most frequent type of neoplasm in Brazil. There are no data on the incidence of basal cell carcinoma in the Southern region of Santa Catarina. OBJECTIVE: To establish epidemiological data on basal cell carcinoma in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, between 1999 and 2008. METHODS: A crosssectional study was conducted in which anatomopathological reports of basal cell carcinoma from

  12. Relação entre a ocorrência de enteroparasitoses em manipuladores de alimentos e aspectos epidemiológicos em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Relationship between intestinal parasites in food handlers and epidemiological factors in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Alexandre Costa Nolla

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a presença de enteroparasitas e os aspectos epidemiológicos em 238 indivíduos que trabalhavam em uma empresa de alimentos e trabalhadores de feiras livres e "sacolões", na cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. As técnicas parasitológicas utilizadas neste estudo foram: Lutz, Baermann-Moraes, Graham e Faust, e as taxas de infecção parasitária encontradas, 42,85% e 47,06%, respectivamente. Os fatores sócio-econômicos, como distribuição de renda, escolaridade e categorias ocupacionais, foram importantes dentro deste contexto. O hábito de ingerir hortaliças e frutas foram os fatores mais associados ao alto grau de parasitismo. Conclui-se que, nesta cidade, os manipuladores de alimentos apresentaram elevados índices de parasitose, havendo necessidade de uma melhor vigilância epidemiológica por meio de exames parasitológicos e educação sanitária a todos esses indivíduos.The presence of intestinal parasites and epidemiological aspects were evaluated in 238 workers from a fast food company and other individuals working in street markets and farmers' produce markets in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Parasitological techniques used in this study were: Lutz, Baermann-Moraes, Graham, and Faust, and parasite infection rates were 42.85% and 47.06%, respectively. Socioeconomic factors such as income distribution, schooling, and occupational categories proved to be relevant in this context. Habitual daily intake of fruits and vegetables was the factor most heavily associated with infection. These data suggest that intestinal parasites are frequent among food handlers in this city and that there is a need for constant epidemiological surveillance through periodic parasitological tests and health education for this entire population segment.

  13. Anuran amphibians in an Atlantic Forest area at Serra do Tabuleiro, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Milena Wachlevski

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Atlantic Forest is a priority area for the conservation of amphibians, with some regions already showing knowledge gaps. We analyzed the composition and richness of anuran species in an area of dense ombrophilous forest at Serra do Tabuleiro, the seasonal richness variation, and the daily activity of males during vocalization shifts. We collected samples of anurans from two permanent ponds and from a track within the forest for 14 months. We recorded 32 anuran species, among which Aplastodiscus cochranae, A. ehrhardti, and Hypsiboas poaju are included in the list of endangered species in the state. The highest number of species was associated to spring and summer. The most frequent anuran species were H. bischoffi, Adenomera araucaria, and Physalaemus nanus, registered throughout the study period. The daily activity of males was concentrated between 8 p.m. and 12 p.m., but some species keep vocalizing overnight, indicating that vocal activity can differ among species undergoing the same weather conditions. The diversity of anurans recorded in our study was high, including endangered species and species with poor biological knowledge, reinforcing the relevance of Serra do Tabuleiro as a priority area for preserving the Atlantic Forest.

  14. Reproduction and population dynamics of Didelphis aurita Wied-Neuwied (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia in the periurban environment of Santa Catarina Island, in southern Brazil

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    Manoel dos Santos Filho

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The various aspects of reproduction and population dynamics of Didelphis aurita were studied through capture-recapture on Santa Catarina Island, in southern Brazil. Surveys were carried out from April 1996 to March 1997. The study area was located near the stream of a swamp in a disturbed Atlantic Forest area. On 880 trap-nights, 31 opossums were captured on 108 occasions during one year. The results of this paper indicate a seasonal polyestrous reproduction pattern. Autumn-winter population levels grew on account of juvenile recruitment. The sex ratio favored females in first captures and total captures. Emigration was discussed as being the main reason for the female bias. The effects of sampling procedures over deviation in the pouch young sex ratio of resident females were also discussed.

  15. Flutuação populacional de moscas-das-frutas em pomares de citros no oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil Population fluctuation of fruit flies in citrus orchards in the West of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Luís Antônio Chiaradia

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available As moscas-das-frutas (Diptera, Tephritidae causam danos econômicos em muitas frutíferas. Para conhecer a flutuação populacional destas moscas em pomares de citros da região Oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil, e estudar as interferências de fatores climáticos sobre estes insetos, cinco frascos "caça-mosca", tendo vinagre de vinho tinto a 25% como atrativo, foram semanalmente instalados em dois pomares de laranjeiras da variedade Valência, em Águas de Chapecó e Chapecó, no período de outubro de 1999 a setembro de 2001. As moscas capturadas nas armadilhas foram triadas no Laboratório de Fitossanidade da Epagri de Chapecó. Análises de correlação e regressão polinomial foram realizadas entre o número mensal de moscas do gênero Anastrepha e os dados mensais de precipitação pluviométrica, insolação, umidade relativa do ar, velocidade do vento e temperatura ambiente. Temperatura máxima e mínima mostraram interferir na população destas moscas mais do que os outros fatores climáticos. O número mensal acumulado de moscas capturadas foi submetido à análise de regressão não linear, que revelou picos de captura destes insetos de março a junho. Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 predominou sobre outras espécies de moscas-das-frutas.Fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae cause economic damages in many fruit orchards. To know the population fluctuation of these flies in Citrus orchards in the west of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and to study the environmental factor interferences on these insects, five traps with 25% vinegar were weekly installed in two orange Valência variety orchards, in Águas de Chapecó and Chapecó, from October of 1999 to September of 2001. The samples of flies trap captured were counted at Epagri Fitossanity Laboratory in Chapecó. A correlation and regression polynomial analyses between flies monthly captured of genus Anastrepha and monthly datas of rain precipitation, isolation, air humidity, wind speed

  16. Phlebotomine sandflies in a focus of dermal leishmaniasis in the eastern region of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina: preliminary results (Diptera: Psychodidae Flebotomíneos num foco de leishmaniose tegumentar na região leste do Estado de Santa Catarina: resultados preliminares (Diptera: Psychodidae

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    Carlos Brisola Marcondes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Due to the occurrence of cases of dermal leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Piçarras, in the East of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, collections of Phlebotomine sandflies by the use of CDC-like light traps were developed near the houses of the patients. Three species (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri and Lu. ayrozai were collected. Lu. neivai was predominant near the houses, and Lu. ayrozai was collected in a secondary forest in a nearby municipality (Navegantes. The novelty of this focus, the most southern one in the East of Brazil, underscores the need for more complete studies on the sandfly fauna.Devido à ocorrência de casos de leishmaniose tegumentar no Município de Piçarras, na parte leste do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram realizadas coletas com armadilhas luminosas tipo CDC nas proximidades de casas de pacientes. Três espécies (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri e Lu. ayrozai estavam representadas nas coletas. Lu. neivai foi predominante e Lu. ayrozai foi coletada em mata secundária. O ineditismo deste foco, o mais meridional no leste do Brasil, indica serem necessários estudos mais detalhados da fauna de flebotomíneos na área.

  17. A utilização das informações de custos na gestão da saúde pública: um estudo preliminar em secretarias municipais de saúde do estado de Santa Catarina The use of costs information in public health: a preliminary study in local health departments in the state of Santa Catarina

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    André Graf de Almeida

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o uso das informações de custos pelos gestores de 20 grandes secretarias municipais da saúde do estado de Santa Catarina. Para isso, foi avaliado o perfil dos gestores entrevistados; foi verificada a existência ou não de sistemas de custos implantados nessas secretarias; foi feita uma avaliação da percepção desses gestores sobre a utilização das informações de custos no processo de tomada de decisão e foram identificadas quais informações de custos são utilizadas atualmente na gestão desses órgãos. Os entrevistados foram os ocupantes de cargos administrativos nas secretarias municipais da saúde pesquisadas. Conseguiu-se avaliar o uso das informações de custos na gestão de 18 secretarias municipais da saúde do estado de Santa Catarina. Os resultados indicam que apenas duas secretarias municipais da saúde possuem esse processo um pouco mais avançado; nas demais, o que se verifica é que existem algumas tentativas de se obter informações mais detalhadas sobre custos. Entretanto, na opinião dos entrevistados, as informações de custos são bastante importantes na gestão das secretarias.This article analyzes the use of costs information in decision-making by managers of the 20 local health departments in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Public managers profiles were assessed so as to verify whether they had the schooling and experience needed to produce ethical information on certain issues. The existence of costs systems in such departments was assessed through the managers' perceptions of the use of costs information in the decision-making process, and which information is actually used. The methodology used was guided interviews, and the subjects were public employees withholding managing positions in local health departments. The goals of the study were reached as 18 local health departments in the state of Santa Catarina were assessed on their use of costs information. Results show that in

  18. Avaliação de sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos instalado no estado de Santa Catarina The evaluation of swine waste treatment system installed in Santa Catarina state

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    Iria S. Araújo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Os dejetos suínos contribuem de forma significativa em prol da degradação dos recursos naturais e para a diminuição da qualidade de vida na região sul do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. O excesso de dejetos gerados pelo grande número dos suínos por unidade de área dificulta a solução do problema. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento de um sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos, em série e em escala real, composto de unidades anaeróbias, unidades aeróbias e pós-tratamento. Os parâmetros analisados foram: DBO, DQO, PT, P-PO4, N-NH3, NTK, pH, clorofila a, biomassa algal, coliformes totais e coliformes fecais (Escherichia coli. O sistema mostrou que após um ano de funcionamento as eficiências de remoção foram satisfatórias para matéria orgânica e nutrientes, alcançando valores de 97% para DBO, 95% para DQO, 88% para N-NH3 e 74% para PT/P-PO4, mesmo com as variações de vazão e de carga orgânica aplicada. Entretanto, a remoção de coliformes fecais nas unidades aeróbias foi baixa, reduzindo somente 0,86 unidades log na lagoa facultativa aerada e 0,80 unidades log na lagoa de maturação.The swine manure contributes significantly to the degradation of natural resources and to decrease the quality of life in the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The excess of manure produced by the large number of pigs per unit area hinders the solution of the problem. This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of a system developed to treat swine manure, in series and in real scale, composed of anaerobic units, aerobic units and post-treatment. The parameters analyzed were: BOD, COD, TP, PO4-P, NH3-N, TKN, pH, chlorophyll a, algal biomass, total coliforms and fecal coliforms (Escherichia coli. The system showed that, after one year of operation, the removal efficiencies were satisfactory for organic matter and nutrients, reaching values of 97% for BOD, 95% for COD, 88% for N-NH3 and 74% for PT/P-PO4, even

  19. Agroecologia e relazione con “l’altra”. Appunti di un’etnografia collaborativa con il movimento di donne contadine in Santa Catarina (Brasile) - Agroecology and the relation with “the other”: notes on a collaborative ethnography with the movement of peasant women in Santa Catarina - (Br)

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    Mariateresa Muraca

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a collaborative ethnography about political and pedagogical practices of the Movement of Peasant Women in Santa Catarina (Brazil). In particular, it investigates the educational potential of the agroecological practices and reflections developed by the movement, in order to rethink the “negated relation” between the peasants of European origin and the native population, into the social-political-cultural context of the State of Santa Catarina. After a brief reference t...

  20. Colonização de ecótopos artificiais pelo Panstrongylus megistus na ilha de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Colonization of artificial ecotopes by Panstrongylus megistus at Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Mário Steindel

    1994-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando verificar a colonização de Panstrongylus megistus em ecótopos artificiais em Florianópolis foram examinados, de 1985 a 1992, 779 anexos peridomiciliares (524 galinheiros, 46 currais e 209 ranchos em 9 localidades e 443 domicílios no distrito de Lagoa, todos na Ilha de Santa Catarina. Todo o ecótopo, incluindo forro e porão das casas, era examinado após aplicação de líquido insentífugo (Pirisa a 5%. A pesquisa nos anexos peri-domiciliares revelou 3 galinheiros e um rancho positivo no distrito de Lagoa, onde foram também encontrados 2 domicílios colonizados pelo P. megistus, com a captura de ovos, ninfas e adultos em todos os ecótopos. Pesquisas dirigidas foram realizadas em dois outros domicílios e em uma escola, nos quais os moradores haviam detectado anteriormente exemplares de P. megistus e, em todos os 3, foi confirmada a colonização pelo triatomíneo. Nos 9 ecótopos artificiais foram coletados 559 ovos, 305 ninfas e 24 adultos de P. megistus, com um índice de infecção pelo T. cruzi de 53,3% (182/329. Índice de infecção semelhante, de 56,5% (78/ 138, foi também encontrado nos adultos de P. megistus oriundos dos ecótopos silvestres e capturados nos domicílios pelos moradores, no período de 1983 a 1991. Os testes de precipitina revelaram, em 94,0% dos insetos examinados (170/181, sangue de uma única fonte alimentar e presença de sangue humano em 80,6% (25/31 dos adultos e em 5,8% (1/17 das ninfas capturados nos domicílios. Os resultados encontrados sugerem a necessidade de adoção de medidas de vigilância epidemiológica com a participação da comunidade, face o risco potencial de domiciliação do P. megistus.The aim of this work was to verify the colonization of Panstrongylus megistus on artificial ecotopes in Florianópolis, in the Santa Catarina Island, South Brazil. For this purpose 443 houses of the Lagoa district and 779 house annexes (524 chicken-houses, 46 corrals and 209 storage-houses in

  1. Clinical and histopathological profile of basal cell carcinoma in a population from Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil Perfil clínico e histopatológico do carcinoma basocelular em amostra populacional de Criciúma, SC, Brasil

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    Letícia Pangendler Peres; Joana Zulian Fiorentin; Tamise da Silva Baptista; Deborah Grisolia Fuzina; Luiz Felipe de Oliveira Blanco

    2012-01-01

    Basal cell carcinoma is a local, invasive epidermal neoplasia, the most common type of which is nodular basal cell carcinoma. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the occurrence of basal cell carcinoma, characterizing its distribution in accordance with patients' age, gender, the site of the lesion and its histopathological characteristics. Anatomopathology reports of cases of basal cell carcinoma diagnosed in Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil between June 2005 and June 2007 were...

  2. CARBON STOCK IN SOIL UNDER DIFFERENT FOREST FORMATIONS, CHAPECÓ, SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Rosiane Berenice Nicoloso Denardin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509813323The adoption of management practices that ensure the stability of soil organic matter also maintain the stabilityor quantitative increase of carbon (C in the lithosphere, reducing the amount of CO2 in theatmosphere. You can also minimize the losses of C to the atmosphere by using conservation practices,or using cover crops to keep the soil C stocks, and the forest cover are considered great abductionand forest systems considered large reservoirs of C. This work was performed on a property located inChapecó, Santa Catarina state, where soils were sampled from different forest formations distributedin a homogeneous soil range. The local climate is mesothermal, rainy, and the soil was characterizedas an association Cambissolo Háplico/Neossolo Litólico. The objectives were to estimate the C stocksin soils and estimate the C losses occurred due to the change of soil cover. It was evaluated soils undernatural forest (FN, of secondary stage, with a high degree of preservation; planted forest of eucalyptus(Eucalyptus saligna (PE, with eight years of cultivation, preceded by 17 years under crop conventionaltillage; and a planted forest of herb mate (Ilex paraguariensis (EM, with 25 years of cultivation underconventional system (cutting interval of 18 months, with removal of all waste produced and maintenanceof the ground without cover, with periodic use of herbicide - glyphosate. In each area were opened fourtrenches with 50 cm deep, where soil samples were collected in depths of: 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-20 cm,20-30 cm, 30-40 cm, and 40-50 cm, with kopeck rings. It was possible to determine the bulk density (Mgm-3, the soil volume per layer (depth and per hectare, and the concentration of soil C in the differentstudied areas. To quantify the C stocks equal amounts of soil were used for each depth evaluated. Itwas observed higher densities of soils and under PE and EM, to FN the lowest density are explained bythe

  3. Visions of development and environmental values in the municipal councils of Itajaí Middle Valley, Santa Catarina State

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    Cleci Teresinha Noara

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper began in November 2006, it deals with environmental values the councils of environment of Blumenau and Indaial on the middle Vale of Itajaí, Santa Catarina State. The objective was to identify and to analyze the environment values and interests that permeate the practice of these councils. The subject becomes relevant because the theorical sources are scarces, data-collecting interviews, comments bibliographical and documentary. The results demonstrate even though the council members possess and anthropocentric vision about environment, they believe that, with a environment management integrated and participative action, close to sustainable development, it will be possible the solution of these environment problems. The study aims to be a contribution to municipal councils of environment in Itajaí basin, since it allows us to understand some of the capacities and limitations of them in the formulation and implementation of public policies for sustainable development in the region.

  4. State Government Bailouts in Brazil

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    Bevilaqua, Afonso S.

    2002-01-01

    As a result of the consolidation of democracy after the end of the military regime in the mid-1980s, Brazil has gone through a period of remarkable decentralization both in fiscal and political terms. The move towards decentralized management and control of public finances has been followed by a series of bailouts of state governments by the federal government. The lack of effective control on borrowing, coupled with reputational effects originating from these repeated bailout operations, red...

  5. PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL AND PHYTOGEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A RIPARIAN FOREST SECTOR IN ALFREDO WAGNER, SANTA CATARINA STATE, AS SUBSIDY FOR ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION

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    Ana Carolina da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509812342The understanding of floristic and structure of tree communities is essential to subside the strategies offorest restoration. In this sense, a phyto-sociological survey was conducted in a forest fragment situated along a tributary of Caeté river, in Alfredo Wagner, state of Santa Catarina, in order to: i know the structureof trees and flora in this forest, ii classify the species found according to ecological groups and iii comparethe flora of the study area with other studies in Araucaria forest (FOM, Atlantic Rain Forest (FOD andthe transition area between FOM-FOD of Santa Catarina state. In this fragment, 10 plots of 400 m2 wereallocated, where all individual trees with the circumference at breast height (CBH, measured at 1.30 mabove the ground greater than or equal to 15.7 cm were measured, marked and identified. The species wereclassified into the following succession groups: pioneer, climax light-demanding or climax shade-tolerant.The Rectified Correspondence Analysis (DCA was used for the floristic comparison. The structure of thetree component was described by the density, frequency, dominance and importance value (VI. The resultsshowed elevated species richness (98 species. It was found typical species of FOM, such as Araucariaangustifolia (Bert. Kuntze, and species characteristics of FOD such as Byrsonima ligustrifolia A.Juss.,confirming the study fragment as an area of ecological tension between FOM and FOD. The species withmost elevated VI were Psychotria vellosiana Benth., Alsophila setosa Kaulf. and Guatteria australis A.St.-Hil. The species with elevated VI, for their considerable representation in the area, are important in therestoration of degraded riparian forests in the region. The species seedlings plantation should be plannedobserving the group successional of each species, planting pioneer and light-demanding climax speciesfirst (e.g. Psychotria vellosiana, followed by, after the

  6. EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAMS: A STUDY ABOUT BRAZILIAN SME’S FROM SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Izabel Regina de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The reality of the Brazilian economy during the last decade has influenced many companies to get new markets to expand to other parameters of competition. The export incentive programs created by the government, is an example of this, and he has performed positively, strengthening the relationship of resources and capacity to develop sales strategies and relationships with the external market. With the use of financial incentive programs for export, companies can enjoy the competitiveness and advantages related to cost of goods or services, and thus help them achieve a satisfactory goal with the export activity. Careful to promote exports, the Brazilian government creates lines of financial incentives that can meet the needs of Brazilian companies. These floor plane are known as advances on exchange contracts (ACC, Advances on foreign exchange delivered (ACE, Program for Export – (Proex among others. Santa Catarina has been active in the export process of the country, accounting for significant numbers for the trade balance. The target of this study is to understand the reactions of the business of Santa Catarina in the use of financial incentives for export. The research method adopted, as to the purposes of research, the research was exploratory and the means of investigation was a qualitative field research through interviews. The results showed that the reasons these companies entering in the international market, have been opening new markets, new business opportunities and increase the export volume. Financial incentives are most commonly used by companies to Advance on Export Contracts (ACC and Advances on Foreign Exchange Delivered (ACE.

  7. Gorduras em pães comercializados em Florianópolis (SC | Fats in bread products sold in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Elinete E. de Lima

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available O tipo de óleo/gordura utilizado na fabricação de pães interfere nas suas propriedades sensoriais e nutricionais. Assim, objetivou-se identificar os tipos de óleos/gorduras declarados nos rótulos dos pães (n = 320 comercializados em padarias e supermercados (n = 23 da região central de Florianópolis (SC. Para a análise dos dados utilizou-se o teste qui-quadrado (x². Aproximadamente 20% dos pães estavam sendo comercializados sem rótulo, todos de fabricação própria. Na avaliação das listas dos ingredientes os óleos/gorduras mais frequentes foram: gorduras vegetais (possíveis fontes de gordura trans (32%, óleos vegetais (25% e gordura de palma (18%. No entanto, apenas 5,6% dos pães apresentaram em seus rótulos gordura trans na porção. Os pães com maior ocorrência de gordura vegetal foram: hambúrguer/hot dog (92%, bisnaguinha (92% e de forma (82%. Já o grupo de pão integral industrial se destacou por conter principalmente óleos vegetais (88%. O grupo pão doce (100%, fabricado com gordura animal e gordura vegetal hidrogenada, apresentou maiores quantidades de gordura total. Conclui-se que há necessidade de melhorias com relação à rotulagem de pães; que pães industriais, especialmente os integrais, contêm gorduras mais saudáveis discriminadas em seus rótulos; pães hambúrguer/hot dog, bisnaguinha, de forma e doce, as menos saudáveis. =============================================== The type of oils/fats used in bread manufacturing affects the sensory and nutritional properties of bread products. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the types of oils/fats described on the labels of bread products (n = 320 sold in bakeries and supermarkets (n = 23 in the central region of Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The chi-squared test (χ² was used to analyze the data. Approximately 20% of the bread products available were not labeled. These products were made at the in-store bakeries

  8. Prevalência de anticorpos anti-Babesia equi em eqüinos no Planalto Catarinense Prevalence of Babesia equi antibodies in horses in the Santa Catarina Plateau, Brazil

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    Antonio Pereira de Souza

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Para avaliar a prevalência de anticorpos anti- Babesia equi, através da técnica de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI, foram examinados 397 amostras de soro. As amostras de sangue, para obtenção dos soros, foram coletadas de eqüinos de diferentes idades, raças, sexos, nascidos e criados no Planalto Catarinense, dos municípios de Lages, São Joaquim, Bom Jardim da Serra, Campos Novos, Anita Garibaldi, Curitibanos e Correia Pinto. Os resultados obtidos indicaram a existência de 50,38% de animais sorologicamente reativos para B. equi, na diluição de 1:40. Entre os municípios, os percentuais de animais soropositivos variaram de 18,51% a 64,70%.Serum samples from 397 horses were examined by the indirect immunofluorescence technique. The blood samples were taken from horses of various ages, breeds and both sexes, bred and born in the Santa Catarina State, Brazil, in the counties of Lages, São Joaquim, Bom Jardim da Serra, Campos Novos, Anita Garibaldi, Curitibanos e Correia Pinto. The results indicated a prevalence of 50.38% of positive animals for B. equi at the 1:40 serum dilution. In different counties studied, the prevalence positive animals varied from 18.51% to 64.70%.

  9. Headland-bay beach planform stability of Santa Catarina State and of the Northern Coast of São Paulo State

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    Lucas F. Silveira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of the planform stability classification for the headland-bay beaches of the State of Santa Catarina and of the Northern Coast of São Paulo, based on the application of the Parabolic Bay-Shape Equation (PBSE to aerial images of the beaches, using the software MEPBAY®. For this purpose, georeferenced mosaics of the QuickBird2® satellite imagery (for the State of Santa Catarina and vertical aerial photographs (for the northern coast of São Paulo State were used. Headland-bay beach planform stability can be classified as: (1 in static equilibrium, (2 in dynamic equilibrium, (3 unstable or (4 in a state of natural beach reshaping. Static equilibrium beaches are the most frequent along the coast of the State of Santa Catarina and the Northern Shore of São Paulo, notably along the most rugged sectors of the coast and those with experiencing lower fluvial discharge. By comparison, dynamic equilibrium beaches occur primarily on the less rugged sectors of the coast and along regions with higher fluvial discharge. Beaches in a state of natural beach reshaping have only been found in SC, associated with stabilized estuarine inlets or port breakwaters. However, it is not possible to classify any of these beaches as unstable because only one set of images was used. No clear relation was observed between a beach's planform stability and other classification factors, such as morphodynamics or orientation.Este trabalho apresenta resultados da classificação da estabilidade da forma em planta das praias de enseada do Estado de Santa Catarina e do Litoral Norte de São Paulo, realizada através da aplicação do modelo parabólico a imagens aéreas utilizando o software MEPBAY®. Para isso foram construídos mosaicos georeferenciados com imagens do satélite QuickBird2® (para o Estado de Santa Catarina e com fotografias aéreas verticais (para o Litoral Norte de São Paulo. Quanto à estabilidade de sua forma em planta, as

  10. Depositional tracts and stratigraphic architecture of the Itajaí Basin sedimentary sucessions (Neoproterozoic, northeastern Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Michel Silva Costa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Neoproterozoic sedimentary successions of the Itajaí Basin show depositional trends and a stratigraphic framework characteristics of foreland basin system. The sedimentary environments have developed in basin conditions ranging from deep marine context, transitional shallow marine, to continental. Stratigraphic architecture comprises three depositional tracts (DT: DTI - submarine fans system that records the initial basin sedimentation and involves frontal and distal turbiditic deposits; DTII - transitional to shallow marine depositional system that represents the efective infill fase of basin, and includes deltaic succession with braided channels dominated plain; and DTIII - fluvial braided and alluvial fan depositional system that comprises the final stage of basin sedimentation. Arkoses and greywacke of the DTI present paleocurrent unimodals patterns and general trend to south-southeast, suggesting source area from Santa Catarina Granulitic Complex. The sandstones and conglomerates of DTII and DTIII have opposite paleocurrent pattern, indicating source area from both Metamorphic Brusque Complex and Florianópolis Batolith. Integration of paleoenvironmental and stratigraphic data, with previous information (U-Pb in detrital zircon, allowed a consistent interpretation on the sedimentary evolution and detrital sources of the basin and represent a progress on the discussions on the knowledge of the Itajaí Basin and its significance in the evolutionary context of the Dom Feliciano Belt.

  11. Epidemiology of incidents with spiders of public health importance in Curitibanos, Southern Brazil (2006-2008 Epidemiologia de acidentes araneídeos de interesse em Saúde Pública em Curitibanos, Santa Catarina (2006-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Márcia Tietz Marques

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study helps to characterize the epidemiological profile of incidents with spiders of public health importance in Curitibanos, state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive and exploratory study. Records of incidents with spiders reported between January 2006 and July 2008 were used. The data were obtained from SINAN (Brazilian National Disease Notification System and expressed in absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Incidents with spiders totaled 231 cases, of which 82 (35.5% occurred in 2006, 102 (44.2% in 2007 and 47 (20.3% in 2008, victimizing 138 (59.8% women. Spider bites increased amongst children, amounting to 9.7% in 2006, 14.7% in 2007 and 25.5% in 2008. Conclusion: Incidents with spiders of public health concern have increased in the past few years, confirming that the promotion of prevention programs by public health organizations is of utmost importance.Objetivo: Este trabalho contribui para a caracterização do perfil epidemiológico de acidentes com araneídeos de interesse em saúde pública, na população de Curitibanos, Santa Catarina. Materiais e Métodos: O estudo é descritivo e exploratório. Foi utilizada documentação sobre acidentes com aranhas ocorridos entre janeiro de 2006 a julho de 2008, registrados nas fichas do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN da Vigilância Epidemiológica. Os dados são tabulados em frequência absoluta e relativa. Resultados: O total de acidentes araneídeos foi de 231, com 82 (35,5% em 2006, 102 (44,2% em 2007 e 47 (20,3% em 2008, dos quais 138 (59,8% ocorreram com mulheres. Houve o aumento dos acidentes com crianças, 9,7% em 2006, 14,7% em 2007 e 25,5% em 2008. Conclusão: Os acidentes com aranhas de interesse em saúde pública aumentaram nos últimos anos, confirmando a importância de iniciativas por parte dos órgãos públicos em promover programas de prevenção.

  12. ENVIROMENTAL VARIABLE INFLUENCE ON THE TREE COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND FLORISTIC PATTERNS IN A MONTANE ARAUCARIA FOREST FRAGMENT IN LAGES, SANTA CATARINA STATE

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Higuchi; Ana Carolina da Silva; Tiago de Souza Ferreira; Sheila Trierveiler de Souza; Juliano Pereira Gomes; Karina Montibeller da Silva; Kristiana Fiorentin dos Santos; Caroline Linke; Patrícia da Silva Paulino

    2012-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050985081This study aimed to characterize the floristic composition and structure of the tree component of a montane Araucaria Forest fragment and to assess the influence of environmental variables on the patterns observed. The study area was located in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina state, close to the margin of the Caveiras River. The vegetation and the environmental variables (physical and chemical soils characteristics, relief and canopy cover) were...

  13. Atividade reprodutiva de peixes (Teleostei e o defeso da pesca de arrasto no litoral norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproductive activity of fish (Teleostei and closed season to shrimp trawling off ther northern coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leda M. de Souza

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Desembarques de arrasto visando à pesca do camarão sete-barbas, Xiphopenaeus kroyeri, foram acompanhados de 2005 a 2007 no município de São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina. Setenta e seis espécies de teleósteos foram registradas como captura incidental e seus indivíduos foram avaliados quanto ao estádio de maturação e Índice de Atividade Reprodutiva. Constatou-se que indivíduos de metade das espécies são capturados com gônadas maduras, em estações que variaram conforme a espécie. Em Isopisthus parvipinnis a atividade enquadrou-se na categoria "muito intensa" na primavera de 2005 e no verão de 2007; em Menticirrhus americanus, Stellifer sp., Pomadasys corvinaeformis, Stellifer brasiliensis, Syacium papillosum, Larimus breviceps, Diapterus rhombeus, Symphurus tessellatus, Chirocentrodon bleekerianus, Pellona harroweri, Anchoa tricolor e Selene setapinnis apenas em uma estação, dependendo da espécie. O verão de 2007, seguido da primavera de 2005, foram as estações em que o arrasto incidiu sobre maior número de espécies em atividade reprodutiva "intensa" ou "muito intensa". No verão de 2007 o arrasto camaroeiro incidiu sobre um conjunto de espécies em atividade reprodutiva maior que na mesma estação em 2006. Atribui-se esse fato à proibição legal do arrasto de camarão no trimestre de outubro-dezembro de 2006, favorecendo a atividade reprodutiva das espécies na estação subseqüente. Recomenda-se que a gestão da pesca camaroeira na região mantenha o defeso de arrasto na primavera, assim beneficiando não apenas as espécies de peixes que desovam nesta estação, mas também aquelas que se preparam para a desova no verão.Shrimp trawling was monitored in southern Brazil in order to study the reproductive status of teleosts occurring as by-catch. From 2005 to 2007 seventy-six fish species were found in this kind of fisheries. Gonad stages were evaluated and the Reproductive Activity Index was calculated. Mature

  14. Fecundidade em Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae) da lagoa da Conceição, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Fecundity of Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae) in lagoa da Conceição, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquim Olinto Branco; Marcelo Gentil Avilar

    1992-01-01

    The estimate for the average fecundity for the C. danae population of Lagoa da Conceição (Florianópolis, Santa Catarina) was of 598.885 eggs by female. The average number of eggs and the weight of the mass of eggs, in general, increase with the female size. The variation in colour and in the diameter of the eggs is associated with the degree of development of the embryo.

  15. Fragmentation of Araucaria Forests in the Chapecó Ecological Corridor, Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Gisele Garcia Alarcon; Marcos Aurélio Da-Ré; Shigueko T. Ishiy Fukahori; Leonardo Rampinelli Zanella

    2011-01-01

    In Brazil, only 2% of the Araucaria forest remains, and less than 1% of this forest is protected (as conservation units). In Santa Catarina, the Chapecó River sub-basin was evaluated for the creation of a state ecological corridor. Studies were developed within the Microbacias 2 Project between 2007 and 2009. Landscape metrics provided important data for evaluating the conservation status of the forest remnants for the zoning of the corridor. The Chapecó Ecological Corridor encompasses around...

  16. Population dynamics of Euryoryzomys russatus and Oligoryzomys nigripes (Rodentia, Cricetidae) in an Atlantic forest area, Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício Eduardo Graipel; Luiz Gustavo Rodrigues Oliveira-Santos; Marilena Altenfelder Arruda Campos; Pâmela Castro Antunes

    2009-01-01

    The population dynamics and reproductive issues of two species of rodents of the family Cricetidae, Rice Rats (Euryoryzomys russatus) and Pygmy Rice Rats (Oligoryzomys nigripes), were studied for 24 months in an Atlantic Forest area in southern Brazil. Euryoryzomys russatus presented density-dependent population fluctuation, and recruitment was positively associated with temperature. Oligoryzomys nigripes displayed the lowest abundance, greatest population fluctuation and shortest permanence ...

  17. Parental ethnotheories: a study with mothers living in the capital and countryside of Santa Catarina State / Etnoteorias parentais: um estudo com mães residentes no interior e na capital de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Mafioletti Macarini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate parental ethnotheories of mothers living in the capital city and in the countryside of Santa Catarina State. In each cultural environment, fifty mothers were interviewed based on scales that evaluated their beliefs about childrearing practices, socialization goals and degree of familism. Results from the capital demonstrated a predominance of autonomous-related elements for practices and familism, whereas in terms of socialization goals, mothers valued the autonomy of the child. In the countryside, relational aspects were identified for socialization goals and familism. However, for beliefs about childrearing practices it has been noted emphasis on autonomy. The conclusion was that both contexts are characterized by an autonomous-related self, although with different emphases according to the dimension investigated.

  18. Parasite-host interaction between ectoparasites (Ixodida & Siphonaptera) and common opossum Didelphisaurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia), on the mainland and on Santa Catarina coastal islands, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício E. Graipel; Raimundo Carvalho; Carlos Carvalho-Pinto; Salvador, Carlos H.; Paulo C. Simões-Lopes

    2007-01-01

    This is the first study about the ecological interaction between the ectoparasites and marsupials of the Didelphis genus and the second one about mammals in Santa Catarina State. Three insular populations and a mainland population were sampled. The fleas Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis and the mites Amblyomma cajennense, A. aureolatum and Ixodes loricatus were new records for this state. Leptopsylla segnis is also a new record for Didelphis. The numbers of ectoparasite species were ...

  19. Monitoramento microbiológico de águas subterrâneas em cidades do Extremo Oeste de Santa Catarina Microbiological monitoring of underground waters in cities of the Extreme West of Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francieli Rohden

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A degradação dos recursos naturais vem aumentando em números alarmantes, principalmente, as fontes hídricas. Devido a isto, cada vez mais as populações vêm utilizando águas subterrâneas para consumo humano. Contudo, o grande problema é a contaminação destas por microrganismos patogênicos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de águas subterrâneas em municípios do Extremo Oeste de Santa Catarina. Foram analisadas 149 amostras de água de poços em catorze municípios, durante o período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2006. Foram determinados em todas as amostras os números mais prováveis de coliformes totais e termotolerantes. Os resultados apresentaram altos índices de amostras impróprias para consumo, com 54,7% em 2005 e 56,7% em 2006. Os nossos dados evidenciam os riscos para doenças de veiculação hídrica que a população da região está exposta com o consumo desta água, mostrando um grave problema de saúde pública.The degradation of natural resources is increasing in alarming numbers, especially water sources that is constant changes in its quality. Because of this, more and more people come using groundwater for human consumption, but the big problem is contamination by these pathogenic microorganisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of groundwater districts in the Extreme West of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We analyzed 149 samples of water from wells in 14 municipalities during the period January 2005 to December 2006. Were determined in all samples the total coliform and thermotolerant. The results showed high rates of samples inappropriate for consumption, with 54.7% in 2005 and 56.7% in 2006. Our data show the risk of diseases spreading of water that the region's population is exposed to the consumption of water, showing a serious public health problem.

  20. Hanseníase, exclusão e preconceito: histórias de vida de mulheres em Santa Catarina Hansen's disease, exclusion and prejudice: life histories of women at Santa Catarina State

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    Patrícia Vieira Martins

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consta de notas históricas sobre a hanseníase, desde a descoberta do bacilo até o tratamento realizado nos dias atuais. Busca analisar a percepção de algumas mulheres, ex-pacientes de hanseníase, moradoras do Hospital Santa Teresa, localizado em São Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina, sobre o estigma, preconceito e exclusão que elas sofreram e ainda sofrem nos dias atuais. Utilizamos a história oral de três mulheres para a realização dessa pesquisa e constatamos como a consequência deste tratamento "excludente" ao longo dos anos construiu um certo repúdio em torno da doença. A busca e a afirmação da identidade do sujeito estigmatizado tornou-se uma constante. O modelo de aceitação social almejado e o fato de ser reconhecido como diferente e não discriminado é a grande questão.This article describes historical notes about leprosy, from the discovery of the bacillus to the treatment done today. In this text we try to analyze the perception of some women, former leprosy patients, residents of Santa Teresa Hospital, located in the city of São Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina State, on the stigma, prejudice and exclusion they suffered and still suffer today. We used the oral history of three women for research purposes and we found as a result of this "excluding" treatment over the years, that it built some kind of rejection about the disease. The search and affirmation of the identity of the stigmatized subject has become a constant. The model of social acceptance and the fact of being recognized as different and not discriminated is the main issue.

  1. Etnoteorias parentais: um estudo com mães residentes no interior e na capital de Santa Catarina Parental ethnotheories: a study with mothers living in the capital and countryside of Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Mafioletti Macarini

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo investigar etnoteorias parentais em mães residentes na capital e interior de Santa Catarina. Foram aplicadas escalas de crenças sobre práticas de cuidado, metas de socialização e alocentrismo familiar em 50 mães de cada contexto cultural. Os resultados na capital indicaram predomínio de elementos autônomo-relacionais em práticas e alocentrismo familiar, enquanto que em termos de metas, as mães valorizaram a autonomia da criança. No interior, no que se refere a metas de socialização e alocentrismo familiar, foram identificados aspectos relacionais. Contudo, em termos de crenças sobre práticas de criação, constatou-se maior valorização da autonomia. Concluiu-se que ambos os contextos caracterizam-se por um modelo de self autônomo-relacional, embora com diferentes ênfases de acordo com a dimensão investigada.The aim of this study was to investigate parental ethnotheories of mothers living in the capital city and in the countryside of Santa Catarina State. In each cultural environment, fifty mothers were interviewed based on scales that evaluated their beliefs about childrearing practices, socialization goals and degree of familism. Results from the capital demonstrated a predominance of autonomous-related elements for practices and familism, whereas in terms of socialization goals, mothers valued the autonomy of the child. In the countryside, relational aspects were identified for socialization goals and familism. However, for beliefs about childrearing practices it has been noted emphasis on autonomy. The conclusion was that both contexts are characterized by an autonomous-related self, although with different emphases according to the dimension investigated.

  2. Angiostrongylus costaricensis: first record of its occurrence in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, and a review of its geographic distribution Angiostrongylus costaricensis: primeiro relato de sua ocorrência no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, e revisão de sua distribuição geográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Patrus M. Pena; José de Souza Andrade Filho; Samuel Curvelo de Assis

    1995-01-01

    Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic disease caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a metastrongylid nematode with wide geographic distribution, occurring from the United States to Argentina. In Brazil, the disease has been reported from the States of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Federal District of Brasilia and Minas Gerais. We report here a case of abdominal angiostrongyliasis in a 9-year-old girl, from Itatiba, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, submitted to...

  3. Metals and pesticides in commercial bivalve mollusc production areas in the North and South Bays, Santa Catarina (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, R V; Garbossa, L H P; Campos, C J A; Vianna, L F de N; Vanz, A; Rupp, G S

    2016-04-15

    Concentrations of heavy metals were quantified in mussels Perna perna and Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in 28 cultivation sites in the North and South Bays, SC (Brazil). Concentrations of pesticides were also quantified in these bivalve, water and sediment samples collected in 14 cultivation sites on four occasions in the period October 2012-October 2013. Pesticides were not detected in any of the mussel, oyster, water or sediment samples. The South Bay was found to be generally more contaminated with As while the North Bay showed higher concentrations of Ni. Concentrations of Pb and Cd were below the limit of detection of the method (0.5mg/kg) in all samples. Mussels accumulated more As and Ni than oysters, while the opposite was observed for Cu. Metal concentrations were below the maximum levels for foodstuffs specified in the Brazilian legislation. PMID:26897362

  4. Spatial variations of environmental tracer distributions in water from a mangrove ecosystem: The case of Babitonga Bay (Santa Catarina, Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hydrologic complex of Babitonga Bay (Brazil) forms a vast environmental complex, where agriculture, shellfish farming, and industries coexist with a unique natural area of Atlantic rain forest. The origin of different continental hydrological components, the environmental transition between saline and fresh waters, and the influence of the seasonality on Babitonga Bay waters are evaluated using isotopes and chemistry. The end of the dry season is marked by a fast response of continental water to the first rainfall, while in the Bay this change is delayed in time. At the end of the rainy season waters show a more homogeneous isotopic composition, suggesting the harmonisation of hydrological and hydrogeological systems. Moreover, δ13C and δ15N of DIC and POM allows for the definition of the biogeochemical processes originating and transporting chemical compounds in the coastal and transition areas and for the determination of three distinct end-members: terrestrial, marine and urban. (author)

  5. Spatial variations of environmental tracers distribution in water from a mangrove ecosystem: the case of Babitonga Bay (Santa Catarina, Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hydrologic complex of Babitonga Bay (Brazil) forms a vast environmental complex, where agriculture, shellfish farming, and industries coexist with a unique natural area of Atlantic rain forest. The origin of different continental hydrological components, the environmental transition between saline and fresh waters, and the influence of the seasonality on Babitonga Bay waters are evaluated using isotopes and chemistry. The end of the dry season is marked by a fast response of continental water to the first rainfall, while in the Bay this change is delayed in time. At the end of the rainy season waters show a more homogeneous isotopic composition, suggesting the harmonisation of hydrological and hydrogeological systems. Moreover δ13C and δ15N of DIC, and POM allows for the definition of the biogeochemical processes originating and transporting chemical compounds in the coastal and transition areas and for the determination of three distinct end-members: terrestrial, marine and urban. (author)

  6. The zooplankton of Santa Catarina continental shelf in southern Brazil with emphasis on Copepoda and Cladocera and their relationship with physical coastal processes El zooplancton de la plataforma continental de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil con énfasis en Copepoda y Cladocera y sus relaciones con procesos físicos costeros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Domingos-Nunes

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Very few studies have been carried out to exclusively investigate the zooplankton community of Santa Catarina State continental shelf, despite the economic and ecological importance of the area. This coastal region of southern Brazil presents highly relevant oceanographic processes, such as the strong influence of continental inputs, resurgence in the Cabo de Santa Marta Grande and River Plata plume water to the south. Two sampling cruises were carried out, in December 2005 and May 2006, in order to study temporal hydrological variations, and their influence on the biota of the region. Zooplankton samples for analysis were obtained by oblique hauls with Bongo nets at 33 sampling stations arranged in profiles perpendicular to the coast on each cruise. The predominant groups found in the samples were Copepoda, Cladocera, Salpidae and Chaetognatha, which presented higher densities at the stations closer to the coast. In the case of the December 2005 cruise, the salinity and temperature gradients perpendicular to the coast, promoted by the continental inputs to the north of the area and by the upwelling to the south, determined the limits of distribution of Acartia lilljeborgi and Penilia avirostris. However, the temperature and salinity gradients longitudinal to the coast determined on the May 2006 cruise did not explain the species distribution, indicating that biotic forcing mechanisms may have been active in the ecology of the system during this period.A pesar de la importancia económica y ecológica del área todavía no habían sido realizados estudios exclusivamente destinados a la investigación de la comunidad zooplanctónica de la plataforma continental del Estado de Santa Catarina. Esta región costera del sur de Brasil presenta procesos oceanográficos de alta relevancia, tales como fuerte influencia de aportes continentales, resurgencia en el Cabo de Santa Marta Grande y la pluma de agua del río Plata en el sur. Se efectuaron dos

  7. Influence of urbanisation on water quality in the basin of the upper Uruguay River in western Santa Catarina, Brazil Influência da urbanização sobre a qualidade da água na bacia do alto Rio Uruguai no oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Zeni Ternus

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: The main objective of the study was to evaluate the limnological characteristics of rivers flowing through urban and rural areas in the upper Uruguay River basin in western Santa Catarina (SC, Brazil. METHODS: Sampling sites in the tributaries were selected along the longitudinal gradient and the different use of the soil in adjacent areas. Samples were collected bimonthly from March 2005 to August 2006. The following were analysed: depth, pH, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen concentration (DO, water temperature, chemical oxygen demand (COD, total alkalinity, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and phosphorus were analysed. RESULTS: In most of the rivers analysed, we found a continuum from the spring to the river mouth that was characterised by a gradual increase in electrical conductivity, COD, phosphorus, alkalinity, nitrite and nitrate. However, an alteration from this pattern was found in rivers passing through urban areas. This deviation was due to high organic matter input poured into the rivers from these areas. CONCLUSIONS: Degraded riparian forest was observed along most of the bodies of water, which facilitates the entry of pollutants. Although the studied area suffers from intense farming activity (agriculture and livestock and has the highest concentration of swine livestock in the country, the rivers that were most altered from their natural state were those that were influenced by sewage and industrial effluents from urban development.OBJETIVO: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar as características limnológicas de rios que atravessam áreas rurais e urbanas na bacia do alto Rio Uruguai no oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados pontos nos afluentes, obedecendo ao gradiente longitudinal e diferente uso do solo das áreas adjacentes. As amostragens foram bimestrais de março de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Foram analisadas as variáveis profundidade, pH, condutividade elétrica, oxigênio dissolvido (OD

  8. Parasite-host interaction between ectoparasites (Ixodida & Siphonaptera and common opossum Didelphisaurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia, on the mainland and on Santa Catarina coastal islands, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício E. Graipel

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This is the first study about the ecological interaction between the ectoparasites and marsupials of the Didelphis genus and the second one about mammals in Santa Catarina State. Three insular populations and a mainland population were sampled. The fleas Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis and the mites Amblyomma cajennense, A. aureolatum and Ixodes loricatus were new records for this state. Leptopsylla segnis is also a new record for Didelphis. The numbers of ectoparasite species were between two on Arvoredo Island (IA and four on Santa Catarina Island. The hosts on IA had an ectoparasite prevalence of 14.3% and the others had a prevalence of 100%. The mean infestation varied between 0.4 (IA and 128 (Ratones Grande Island ectoparasites per host. Although the common opossum hosted few species of ectoparasites, the degree of infestation on the Santa Catarina coast was high. The results had no relationship with either the with hosts’ population density or with the possible numbers of host species. A suitable interpretation of the results depends on information such as the colonization and extinction history of the fauna of each location. Nevertheless, the study contributes with new records and corroborates the idea that this ecological interaction can be wide and complex.

  9. Epidemiologia dos carcinomas basocelulares em Tubarão, Santa Catarina (SC), Brasil, entre 1999 e 2008 Epidemiology of basal cell carcinomas in Tubarão, Santa Catarina (SC), Brazil between 1999 and 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Geisiane Custódio; Luiz Henrique Locks; Maria Fernanda Coan; Carlos Otávio Gonçalves; Daisson José Trevisol; Fabiana Schuelter Trevisol

    2010-01-01

    FUNDAMENTOS: O câncer da pele é frequente no Brasil, com incidência crescente. Na Região Sul de Santa Catarina não existem dados da incidência de carcinoma basocelular. OBJETIVO: Estabelecer dados do carcinoma basocelular em Tubarão (SC) entre 1999 e 2008. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com revisão dos laudos anatomopatológicos de carcinoma basocelular dos laboratórios de Tubarão (SC), com coleta das variáveis de interesse: ano do diagnóstico, idade, gênero, cidade de origem, local da lesão, sub...

  10. Analysis of the Structural Lineaments in the Domo de Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Using Satellite Images and Shaded Relief Maps

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Fernando Roldan; Rômulo Machado; Samar dos Santos Steiner; Lucas Veríssimo Warren

    2010-01-01

    This work focuses on the study of structural lineaments in the Domo de Lages region, central-south area of SantaCatarina State, and their relationship with the different stratigraphic units of the Paraná Basin that are present in this area.The lineaments were interpreted from Landsat and shaded relief images, using geoprocessing techniques. The results showstructural lineaments with NW, NNE, NE, ENE and E-W trends. The larger lineaments (4 - 50 km) were interpreted usingshaded relief maps, wh...

  11. Desempenho vitivinícola da Cabernet Sauvignon sobre diferentes porta-enxertos em região de altitude de Santa Catarina Viticultural performance of cabernet sauvignon grafted on different rootstocks in high altitude regions of Santa Catarina state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fontanella Brighenti

    2011-03-01

    to environmental factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate three rootstocks and two training systems on vineyard productivity, scion growth and fruit physical features. The study was conducted in a experimental vineyard located at the city of Painel (28°01'02"S and 50°08'57"W, altitude 1200 m, in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The cultivar evaluated was Cabernet Sauvingon grafted on Paulsen 1103 (V. berlandieri x V. rupestris, Couderc 3309 and 101-14 Mgt (V. riparia x V. rupestris, the training systems evaluated were vertical shoot positioning trellis and Y trellis. The plants were five years old and the spacing was 3,0 x 1,5 m. The experiment was evaluated at the seasons 2007/08 and 2008/09. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with four blocks and 20 plants per plot. The variables analysed were leaf area, productivity, Ravaz index, pruning weight, weight and diameter of berries, cluster weight, number of berries per cluster, soluble solids contents, total acidity, pH, anthocyanins contents, total polyphenols index and tannins. Plants grafted on 1103P presented the lowest productivity and biggest leaf area. 3309C is the rootstock less vigorous, produces heavier berries and interferes positively on fruit set when increases the number of berries per cluster and berry weight. The rootstocks 1103 P and 101-14 Mgt, presents the best results for total anthocyanins contents.

  12. Schistosomiasis in Southern Brazil 17 years after the confirmation of the first autochthonous case

    OpenAIRE

    Demetrius da Silva Martins; Mariana Fabris Xavier; Franciéle de Souza Masiero; Juliana Cordeiro; Patrícia Jacqueline Thyssen

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease, is an important public health issue in Brazil, particularly Northern Brazil. Since the first recorded occurrence of Biomphalaria glabrata in the States of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, it has spread to South Brazil. METHODS: Using the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), we assessed the disease spread in Southern Brazil. RESULTS: In Rio Grande do Sul, nine localities had confirmed cases (n = 95, 2001-2013). CONCLUSIONS...

  13. Records of Myodopsylla wolffsohni wolffsohni (Rothschild, 1903) (Siphonaptera, Ischnopsyllidae) on Myotis nigricans Schinz, 1821 (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae), from the State of Paraná, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Márcia Arzua; Pedro Marcos Linardi; Darci Moraes Barros-Battesti

    2002-01-01

    The flea, Myodopsylla wolffsohni wolffsohni (Rothschild, 1903), had been recorded for the first time in the State of Paraná in 1940, on the bat, Myotis levis (I. Geoffroy, 1824). Previously, this species of flea had only been recorded on Myotis nigricans, in the Amazonian region. This is the second record of M. w. wolffsohni on M. nigricans in Brazil, and the first in the State of Paraná. Although this flea has been found on undetermined Chiroptera in the State of Santa Catarina, the present ...

  14. Records of Myodopsylla wolffsohni wolffsohni (Rothschild, 1903 (Siphonaptera, Ischnopsyllidae on Myotis nigricans Schinz, 1821 (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae, from the State of Paraná, Southern Brazil

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    Márcia Arzua

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The flea, Myodopsylla wolffsohni wolffsohni (Rothschild, 1903, had been recorded for the first time in the State of Paraná in 1940, on the bat, Myotis levis (I. Geoffroy, 1824. Previously, this species of flea had only been recorded on Myotis nigricans, in the Amazonian region. This is the second record of M. w. wolffsohni on M. nigricans in Brazil, and the first in the State of Paraná. Although this flea has been found on undetermined Chiroptera in the State of Santa Catarina, the present record represents the meridional limit of geographic distribution for the infestation on M. nigricans.

  15. Ocorrência e abundância de Rynchops niger Linnaeus, no litoral de Santa Catarina, Brasil Occurrence and abundance of Rynchops niger Linnaeus in the coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O talha-mar Rynchops niger Linnaeus, 1758 habita os grandes rios, lagos e regiões costeiras durante as migrações, na América do Sul e do Norte. Esse trabalho tem por objetivo disponibilizar informações básicas sobre a ocorrência e abundância de talha-mar no litoral de Santa Catarina. Durante o período de abril/2002 a maio/2003 foram realizados censos sazonais (trimestrais e mensais em Itajaí, com auxílio de binóculos 10 x 50. O talha-mar é mais freqüente no aterro da Baía Sul (Florianópolis, no verão e outono, na primavera-verão em São José e Tijucas e no outono-inverno no estuário do Saco da Fazenda (Itajaí. Neste estuário, a população apresentou flutuações acentuadas ao longo do ano, com as maiores abundâncias ocorrendo em agosto/2001, janeiro/2002 e março/2003.The black skimmer inhabits the great rivers, lakes and coastal areas during the migrations, in South and North America. This work aims to make available basic information about the occurrence and abundance of the black skimmer in the coast of Santa Catarina. From April/2002 to May/2003 seasonal censuses were accomplished, and monthly in Itajaí, with aid of binoculars 10 x 50. The black skimmer is more frequent in the embankment of the South Bay (Florianópolis, in the summer and autumn, in the spring-summer in São José and Tijucas and in the autumn-winter in the estuary of the Saco da Fazenda (Itajaí. In this estuary, the population presented accentuated flotation along the year, with the largest abundances happening in August/2001, January/2002 and March/2003.

  16. Analysis of 185 maxillofacial fractures in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Maximiana Cristina de Souza Maliska

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective study was performed to assess maxillofacial fractures in patients treated at a public hospital from 2002 to 2006. The data collected included age, gender, etiology, type of injury, treatment modalities and period of treatment. Causes were grouped into seven categories: road traffic collisions, sports accidents, occupational accidents, gunshot fractures, falls, violence and other causes. The analyses involved descriptive statistics, the Chi-squared Test and the Fisher Exact Test. Records from 132 patients sustaining 185 maxillofacial fractures were evaluated. The mandible (54.6% was the most commonly fractured bone in the facial skeleton, followed by the zygoma (27.6%. The mean age of the patients was 37.7 years, and the male:female ratio was 4.3:1. Most fractures occurred in adults with ages ranging from 18 to 39 years. A significant statistical relation was found between the age and the etiology of the trauma (p < 0.05, and between the number of fractured sites and the age of the patient (p < 0.05. Considering the age groups, accidents were the most frequent cause of maxillofacial fractures in the age group between 18 to 39 years, and interpersonal violence was the most frequent cause of maxillofacial fractures in the age group between 40 to 59 years. Treatment was performed on the same day as the diagnosis in 44.7% of the patients. Open surgery with internal stable fixation was indicated for most of the patients. Facial fractures occurred primarily among men under 30 years of age, and the most common sites of fractures in the face were the mandible and the zygomatic complex. Traffic road collisions were the main etiologic factor associated with maxillofacial trauma.

  17. Ocorrência de Vibrio parahaemolyticus em mexilhões (Perna perna, Linnaeus, 1758 de banco natural do litoral do município de Palhoça, Santa Catarina, Brasil Occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in mussels (Perna perna, Linnaeus, 1758 from a natural coastal bed in the municipality of Palhoça, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Rita Maria B. Archer

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available Foi estudada a ocorrência de Vibrio parahaemolyticus em quarenta amostras de mexilhões (Perna perna, Linnaeus, 1758 procedentes de banco natural da praia da Pinheira, município de Palhoça, Santa catarina, durante um período de três meses. Na metodologia de isolamento foi utilizada a técnica do Número Mais Provável (NMP com enriquecimento em água alcalina peptonada e subseqüente plaqueamento em ágar TCBS (thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose. Em 52,5% das amostras de mexilhões foi constatada a presença de Vibrio parahaemolyticus, com níveis de contaminação entre A study was carried out on the occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in forty samples of mussels (Perna perna, Linnaeus, 1758 from a natural bed at Pinheira Beach, Municipality of Palhoça, Santa Catarina (Brazil, during a three-month period. The most probable number technique was used for isolation methodology with prior enrichment of samples in alkaline peptone water and subsequent planting on thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose agar. Vibrio parahaemolyticus was found in 52.5% of samples of mussels with a most probable number range of < 3 to 93 organisms/g. Serotyping was performed on 61 isolates and our findings indicate that 36.1% of these isolates were serologically non-typable; 54.1% of isolates displayed only flagellate antigenic structures and 8.2% had both antigenic structures. None of the isolates were Kanagawa positive.

  18. The Berriasian-Valanginian (Early Cretaceous) boundary transition at Santa Catarina Ticuá, Oaxaca state, southern Mexico: Ammonites, bivalves, calpionellids and their paleobiogeographic significance

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    Zell, Patrick; Stinnesbeck, Wolfgang; Beckmann, Seija; Adatte, Thierry; Hering, Fabio

    2015-10-01

    Ammonites, bivalves and calpionellids of the late Berriasian-early Valanginian from southern Mexico are poorly known; those here described are from the Sabinal Formation at Santa Catarina Ticuá, Oaxaca state. Samples were collected and analyzed bed-by-bed. Ammonite assemblages correlate to the West Mediterranean late Berriasian Subthurmannia boissieri and early Valanginian Thurmanniceras pertransiens and Neocomites neocomiensiformis zones and contain taxa, which are majorly endemic, although a few European species are also identified. The bivalve Arctotis cretacea (Felix, 1891) is common in several horizons throughout the section. Calpionellids are present in the upper part of the Santa Catarina Ticuá section and are indicative of the middle Berriasian Remaniella cadischiana Subzone, the late Berriasian Calpionellopsis Zone (including the Calpionellopsis simplex and Cs. oblonga subzones) and the early Valanginian Calpionellites darderi Subzone. Our data indicate that biogeographic correlation of faunal and environmental changes is possible across the Berriasian-Valanginian boundary between southern Mexico and faunal realms of the southwestern Gulf of Mexico and the western Tethys, and thus throughout the western hemisphere.

  19. Toxoplasma gondii antibodies sheep in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil, and comparison using IFA and ELISA Anticorpos toxoplásmicos em ovinos de Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil, e comparação utilizando RIFI e ELISA

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    Francine Bragagnolo Liz Stefen Sakata

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis in sheep is a disease of great importance in veterinary medicine, which causes economic losses in livestock and has a great impact on human health, since consumption of infected meat facilitates transmission of zoonotic infections. Blood samples from sheep (n = 360 were collected from 13 farm properties in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina, to estimate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis and identify risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection. T. gondii, antibodies were investigated by means of the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Animals infected with T. gondii were found on 100% of the farms. IFA detected 56.9% (205/360 and ELISA 42.5% of the infected sheep. Breed was the only risk factor associated with the presence of T. gondii antibodies. ELISA showed sensitivity of 61%, specificity of 82% and kappa of 0.41, which was considered moderate. This allows use of ELISA as an alternative technique for diagnosing T. gondii in sheep.A toxoplasmose ovina é uma doença parasitária de elevada importância em medicina veterinária e em saúde pública, acarretando prejuízos na produção animal, gerados pelas perdas reprodutivas e econômicas, além de sua implicação na saúde humana, já que o consumo de carne infectada facilita a transmissão zoonótica. Para determinar a prevalência e identificar fatores de risco para a infecção por T. gondii em ovinos de Lages, Santa Catarina, amostras de sangue (n = 360 foram coletadas em 13 propriedades. Cada criador respondeu a um questionário para permitir a identificação dos fatores de risco da infecção. A pesquisa de anticorpos foi realizada por meio da Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI > 64 e do Ensaio Imunoenzimático Indireto (ELISA. Em 100% das propriedades foram encontrados animais positivos. Pela RIFI, 205 (56,94% ovinos apresentaram anticorpos contra T. gondii e pelo ELISA, 153 (42

  20. Registro de Glycaspis brimblecombei em Eucalyptus spp., em Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brasil Record of Glycaspis brimblecombei on Eucalyptus spp., in Petrolina, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Mariana Oliveira Breda; José Vargas de Oliveira; Andréa Nunes Moreira de Carvalho; Dalva Luiz de Queiroz

    2010-01-01

    Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, 1964, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) is an insect of Australian origin which can cause severe damage on the production of different species of Eucalyptus. In Brazil, its presence was first described in the State of Sao Paulo in 2003 and it is present in several states such as Paraná, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Espírito Santo and Bahia. The occurrence of this insect in Pernambuco in Petrolina municipality on a sm...

  1. Syphilis seroprevalence estimates of Santa Catarina blood donors in 2010

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    Aysla Marcelino Baião

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Knowledge of blood donor characteristics is essential to better guide clinical and serological screening for hemotherapy. The objective of this study was to determine the syphilis seroprevalence and the associated factors of blood donors in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods This population-based study from the State of Santa Catarina used information obtained from blood donation records. We analyzed 83,396 blood donor records generated from donors who were considered eligible to donate between January and August 2010. The aim of the study was to estimate the syphilis seroprevalence and its relationship with educational level, age, gender, geographical region and having donated blood in the past 12 months. We used descriptive analyses and a Poisson regression to calculate the prevalence ratios for the variables of interest. Results We found a 0.14% overall seroprevalence and significant differences among the following: first-time blood donors (0.19% versus repeat donors (0.03% to 0.08%; low educational levels (0.30% versus medium and high educational levels (0.08% to 0.19%; and donors who did not report their residence (0.88% or age (6.94% versus those who did. Increased syphilis seroprevalence was also significantly associated with increased age. Conclusion High syphilis seroprevalence was associated with lower educational level, age, first-time donation and the failure to provide age or residence information.

  2. Macroeconomia do Turismo Argentino em Santa Catarina

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    Roberto Meurer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Estado de Santa Catarina experimentou um considerável crescimento do setor de turismo nas últimas décadas. O fluxo turístico de origem argentina revelou-se um ingrediente importante dessa trajetória. Este artigo focaliza um aspecto pouco explorado, aparentemente, da participação argentina no turismo estadual: a relação entre a situação macroeconômica do país vizinho e a demanda turística por Santa Catarina lá originada. Começa-se abordando brevemente a problemática geral da macroeconomia do turismo. Depois, discorre-se sobre o crescimento desse setor em Santa Catarina, destacando a presença de argentinos. A terceira parte desenvolve uma análise baseada em tratamento estatístico de dados sobre demanda e receita geradas por esses turistas no estado, com exame das correlações envolvendo taxa de câmbio e taxa de crescimento do PIB da Argentina. Palavras-chave: turismo; Santa Catarina; turistas argentinos; economia argentina Abstract The State of Santa Catarina has witnessed a considerable development of its tourist sector in the last decades. The demand from Argentina has proved to be an important factor of that growth. This article deals with a feature of the presence of Argentinians in the state which seems to be scarcely studied: the relationship between the macroeconomic situation of Argentina and the tourist demand in Santa Catarina originated from that country. The first part of the article considers briefly the general issue of tourism macroeconomics. The second one looks upon tourism growth in Santa Catarina, stressing the presence of visitors from Argentine. The third section develops an analysis based on statistical treatment of data concerning demand and income generated by such tourists in Santa Catarina, involving correlations that consider aspects like exchange rate and the rate of GDP increase in Argentina. Keywords: tourism; Santa Catarina; tourists from Argentina; Argentina’s economy

  3. Microcephaly in Infants, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    We studied the clinical characteristics for 104 infants born with microcephaly in the delivery hospitals of Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 2015. Testing is ongoing to exclude known infectious causes. However, microcephaly peaked in October and demonstrated central nervous system abnormalities with brain dysgenesis and intracranial calcifications consistent with an intrauterine infection. PMID:27071041

  4. Absenteísmo-doença, modelo demanda-controle e suporte social: um estudo caso-controle aninhado em uma coorte de trabalhadores de hospitais, Santa Catarina, Brasil Sickness-absenteeism, job demand-control model, and social support: a case-control study nested in a cohort of hospital workers, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Kleber dos Santos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi identificar a contribuição do Modelo Demanda-Controle (MDC e do suporte social para duração do absenteísmo-doença segundo Licenças para Tratamento de Saúde (LTS nos trabalhadores de hospitais (servidores públicos da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Santa Catarina (SES/SC, Brasil. Entre as secretarias deste estado, a SES/SC tem a segunda maior frequência de LTS, com destaque nos hospitais. Este é um estudo caso-controle aninhado em uma coorte de trabalhadores de hospitais da SES/SC, com acompanhamento entre 01/07/2008 e 30/06/2009. Os casos foram aqueles que apresentaram LTS nesse período, os critérios de pareamento foram sexo, faixa etária e setor de trabalho. O desfecho foi o total de dias de LTS, as variáveis de exposição foram MDC e o suporte social do supervisor e do colega. Utilizou-se dados primários e secundários, nas análises a regressão Zero-inflado Binomial Negativa, e as variáveis socioeconômicas e ocupacionais nos ajustes. O banco de dados para as análises teve 425 (144 casos; 281 controles participantes. O baixo suporte do colega aumentou a expectativa de dias de LTS em 2,04 (IC95%: 1,05-3,93, unido ao trabalho de baixa exigência aumentou 2,68 (IC95%: 1,37-5,27 e ao de alta exigência (iso-strain 78% (IC95%: 1,02-3,12 mais do que o MDC com alto suporte do colega. Este estudo mostrou a importância do suporte do colega sobre a duração absenteísmo-doença, e auxiliou conjeturar que a variável tempo nos trabalhadores de hospital leva a adaptação às exigências das tarefas e a monotonia. Intervenções no relacionamento entre os trabalhadores provavelmente diminuirão a duração de LTS.The aim of the study was to identify the Job Demand-Control (JDC and social support contribution for sickness-absenteeism duration of Health Treatment Licences (HTL in hospital workers (civil servants of the Santa Catarina State Department of Health of (SES/SC, Brazil. These health workers have

  5. CATCH, EFFORT AND CPUE OF SWORDFISH (XIPHIAS GLADIUS LANDED IN SANTA CATARINA STATE IN 2000 AND 2001 CAPTURA, ESFORÇO E CPUE DO ESPADARTE (Xiphias gladius DESEMBARCADO EM SANTA CATARINA EM 2000 E 2001

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    F. P. MAYER

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Fishing effort and catch of swordfish (Xiphias gladius landed by long-line fleet in Santa Catarina state during 2000 and 2001 were the subject of this study. These data was derived from a sampling program implemented in 2000, aiming the collection of information on the swordfish fishery and of useful information to support ICCAT management decisions. The fleet concentrated fishing effort in the area between 25º-40ºS/40º-55ºW. However, there were some boats fishing close to the Vitória-Trindade archipelago, the Rio Grande rise, and the Malvinas Island. In general, high catches were usually observed in the area between 30º-35ºS/45º-50ºW. Elevated CPUEs (kg/day fishing with 1000 hooks occurred mostly in oceanic regions (seldom explored by the fleet. However, in the 3rd and 4th quarters, coastal waters also seem to be productive. Beside swordfish, the main species caught by the long-liners were: bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus, albacore (T. alalunga, yellowfin tuna (T. albacares, and the blue shark (Prionace glauca. There was a predominance of blue shark in all quarters, especially in 1st (82%. Swordfish was the 2nd most important species in the landings, increasing its contribution from the 1st (around 12% to the 4th quarter (around 22%. This increase in the swordfish landings was caused in part by trends in swordfish increasing catches and CPUEs, but also by the decrease of blue shark catches. Neste trabalho foram analisados dados referentes ao esforço de pesca e à captura de espadarte (Xiphias gladius, obtidos nos desembarques da frota industrial de espinhel de superfície de Santa Catarina no segundo semestre de 2000 e em 2001. Estes dados foram coletados a partir de um programa iniciado em 2000, com a intenção de se obter um maior conhecimento sobre a biologia pesqueira desta espécie, e de auxiliar o monitoramento desta pescaria no estado de Santa Catarina, gerando informações úteis para a tomada de decisões de manejo deste

  6. Occupation and urbanization of Roraima State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, A

    1997-01-01

    The author examines settlement patterns and urbanization of the remote area of Roraima State, Brazil. "A survey conducted in the capital city, Boa Vista, provides information on migration histories and migrants' characteristics.... Current views of urbanization of the Amazon [region] are focused on the displacement factor that development and state geopolitics have upon rural settlements...." The author also suggests that more attention needs to be paid to the characteristics of migrants in the urban areas. (EXCERPT) PMID:12294841

  7. Possíveis indícios da biblioteca escolar na rede pública do estado de santa catarina: estudo de um acervo bibliográfico museológico A view of school library at the public school network from the Santa Catarina State: a study of a museologic collection book

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    Gisela Eggert Steindel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available [Portuguese] Trata-se de uma pesquisa em andamento, de caráter descritivo e documental abrangendo as áreas da História da Educação, Biblioteconomia e Museologia. Analisa um acervo bibliográfico existente no Museu da Escola Catarinense visando reconhecer alguns aspectos da biblioteca escolar em Santa Catarina na Rede de Ensino Pública. [English] This is a descriptive and documental research that comprises the Education History, Librarianship and Museology areas. A book collection from the Museu da Escola Catarinense is examined to identify relevant aspects of the school library at the public school network at the state of Santa Catarina.

  8. Curriculum: The Contradictions in Theatre Education in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pompeo Nogueira, Marcia; de Medeiros Pereira, Diego

    2016-01-01

    The history of arts education in Brazil is summarised, based on its contradictions. Some aspects of the Brazilian educational system and the National Curriculum Parameters are presented, in order to identify the predominant approach to theatre education. Three situations of the theatre education landscape in the state of Santa Catarina, southern…

  9. Quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds and seedlings from Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná states

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    Edicléia Aparecida Iensen Cherobini

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to study the vigor and the quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds from samples of three differentstates, Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Santa Catarina (SC and Paraná (PR and to evaluate the seedlings quality produced by these seeds.The seeds were submitted to evaluations of moisture content, germination, vigor and healthy. The seedlings quality was evaluated byhard seeds, dead seeds, emergence, seedling height, root length, collar diameter, fresh and dry weight of seedlings. On the seedsevaluations, the samples from SC and PR presented better results for first count of germination, dry matter and accelerate aging. Thefungi associated to the seeds were Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Penicillium sp. and Trichoderma sp. About the seedlings evaluations,seeds from PR showed the bests results when the differences between tests were significant (emergence, root length and dry weight ofseedlings. Some of the labs variables had correlation with the seedlings variables.

  10. Hydrometeor and latent heat profiles of tropical cyclones Conson, Ivan and Catarina using PR/TRMM data Perfis de hidrometeoros e de calor latente dos ciclones tropicais Conson, Ivan e Catarina usando dados do PR/TRMM

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    Marcelo Barbio Rosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Microphysical and thermodynamical features of two tropical systems, namely Hurricane Ivan and Typhoon Conson, and one sub-tropical, Catarina, have been analyzed based on space-born radar PR measurements available on the TRMM satellite. The procedure to classify the reflectivity profiles followed the Heymsfield et al (2000 and Steiner et al (1995 methodologies. The water and ice content have been calculated using a relationship obtained with data of the surface SPOL radar and PR in Rondonia State in Brazil. The diabatic heating rate due to latent heat release has been estimated using the methodology developed by Tao et al (1990. A more detailed analysis has been performed for Hurricane Catarina, the first of its kind in South Atlantic. High water content mean value has been found in Conson and Ivan at low levels and close to their centers. Results indicate that hurricane Catarina was shallower than the other two systems, with less water and the water was concentrated closer to its center. The mean ice content in Catarina was about 0.05 g kg-1 while in Conson it was 0.06 g kg-1 and in Ivan 0.08 g kg-1. Conson and Ivan had water content up to 0.3 g kg-1 above the 0ºC layer, while Catarina had less than 0.15 g kg-1. The latent heat released by Catarina showed to be very similar to the other two systems, except in the regions closer to the center.No presente trabalho foram analisados as características microfísicas e termodinâmicas de dois sistemas tropicais, o Furacão Ivan e o Tufão Conson, e um sub-tropical, Catarina, a partir de medições feitas com o radar PR a bordo do satélite TRMM. Na análise, os perfis de refletividade foram classificados conforme as técnicas de Heymsfield et al (2000 e Steiner et al (1995 e em seguida foram calculados os conteúdos de água e gelo, a partir de uma relação obtida no Estado de Rondônia (Brasil. Com estes perfis calculou-se a taxa de aquecimento diabático devido a liberação de calor

  11. Mapping land use changes in the carboniferous region of Santa Catarina, report 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeriano, D. D. (Principal Investigator); Bitencourtpereira, M. D.

    1983-01-01

    The techniques applied to MSS-LANDSAT data in the land-use mapping of Criciuma region (Santa Catarina state, Brazil) are presented along with the results of a classification accuracy estimate tested on the resulting map. The MSS-LANDSAT data digital processing involves noise suppression, features selection and a hybrid classifier. The accuracy test is made through comparisons with aerial photographs of sampled points. The utilization of digital processing to map the classes agricultural lands, forest lands and urban areas is recommended, while the coal refuse areas should be mapped visually.

  12. Doença granulomatosa sistêmica em bovinos no estado de Santa Catarina associada ao pastoreio de ervilhaca peluda (Vicia villosa

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    R.E Mendes

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous intoxication in three dairy cows grazing pasture contaminated with Vicia villosa in two different farms was reported. Hyperthermia, skin alopecia and pruritus were the main clinical signs. Macroscopically, gray to white up to 5cm nodules were detected, especially in kidney and lymph nodes, which correspond to mild to severe multifocal granulomatous infiltrate. This is the first report of systemic granulomatous disease due to consumption of hairy vetch in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil.

  13. Comparative Study of Various Immune Parameters in Three Bivalve Species during a Natural Bloom of Dinophysis acuminata in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

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    Danielle Ferraz Mello

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to verify if Dinophysis acuminata natural blooms affected the immune system of three bivalves: the oyster, Crassostrea gigas, the mussel, Perna perna, and the clam, Anomalocardia brasiliana. Animals were obtained from a renowned mariculture farm in the southern bay of Santa Catarina Island during, and 30 days after (controls, an algal bloom. Various immunological parameters were assessed in the hemolymph of the animals: total and differential hemocyte counts, percentage of apoptotic hemocytes, protein concentration, hemagglutinating titer and phenoloxidase activity. The results showed that the mussel was the most affected species, with several altered immune parameters, whereas the immunological profile of clams and oysters was partially and completely unaffected, respectively.

  14. Decálogo da gestão costeira para Santa Catarina: avaliando a estrutura estadual para o desenvolvimento do Programa Estadual de Gerenciamento Costeiro

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    Jaqueline Andrade

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has a National Coastal Management Program that was established 25 years ago, extending to the 17 coastal Brazilian states. Santa Catarina was one of the pioneers. However, despite the legal and institutional framework at the national and, more recently, at the state level, Brazilian and Santa Catarina coastal zone have been degrading. Emphasis is given to the increasing damage by storms and flooding in coastal cities; water contamination by poor sanitation, increasing levels of risk to human health; concentration of population and poverty; loss of biodiversity; reduction of critical habitat area and fragmentation of ecosystems; poor access to public use of coastal areas; increased levels of risk of oil spill accidents; reduced diversity of landscapes; erosion of the shoreline; among others. The gap in the implementation of tools provided by the Federal and State Coastal Management Programs combined with almost no evaluation of management processes lead to situations of degradation. This study evaluated the State Coastal Management Program of Santa Catarina: management and financial arrangement and governance system based on 10 pre-established indicators, defined by the Decalogue methodology. We conclude that the management aspects with better advancement in Santa Catarina are: Normative and tools applied to the coast, establishment of responsibilities, as well as information available. On the other hand there is precarious and important aspects that should be given priority to strengthening coastal management: clear definition of Public Policy, Institutions, Education and Training of managers and community, Education for Sustainability, Resources and Public Participation

  15. Dieta de Sula leucogaster Boddaert (Sulidae, Aves, nas Ilhas Moleques do Sul, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Diet of Sula leucogaster Boddaert, in the Moleques do Sul Island, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Dieta de Sula leucogaster Boddaert (Sulidae, Aves, nas Ilhas Moleques do Sul, Florianópolis, SC. Sula leucogaster (Boddaert, 1783 nidifica em várias ilhas costeiras e oceânicas do Brasil, e utiliza como alimento uma grande diversidade de presas, capturadas em mergulhos rasos, entre 10 a 15 m, além da ictiofauna descartada na pesca de camarões. Este trabalho teve como objetivo fornecer informações básicas sobre a alimentação natural do atobá-marrom, através dos regurgitos coletados entre os anos de 2000 a 2004, nas Ilhas Moleques do Sul. Foram registradas a ocorrência de 35 espécies-presas em 257 regurgitos, totalizando 26,5 kg. Apesar da marcante sazonalidade na dieta de S. leucogaster, as maiores freqüências de regurgitos foram obtidas no verão, onde os peixes Sciaenidae, Engraulidae e Batrachoididae foram as presas mais exploradas.Sula leucogaster (Boddaert, 1783 breeds in some coastal and oceanic islands of Brazil, and uses as food a great diversity of prey, captured in flat diving, between 10 to 15 m, beyond ictiofauna discarded in shrimps fisheries. This work aims to supply basic information on the natural feeding of the Brown Booby, through the natural regurgitation collected between 2000 to 2004, in the Moleques do Sul Islands. It was registered the occurrence of 35 species-prey in 257 pellets, totalizing 26,5 kg. Despite the strong seazonality in the diet of S. leucogaster, the biggest frequencies of regurgitations had been gotten in the summer, where the Sciaenidae, Engraulidae and Batrachoididae were the more explored prey.

  16. Stability and adaptability of carioca common bean genotypes in states of the central South Region of Brazil

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    Helton Santos Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify ‘Carioca’ common bean genotypes with high yield adaptability andstability in central South Brazil, based on different analysis methods. The value of cultivation and use (VCU of 16 genotypeswas evaluated in 26 trials in a randomized complete block design with three replications, in the states of Santa Catarina, SãoPaulo and Paraná, in 2003 and 2004. Grain yield data were subjected to analysis of variance, of stability and adaptability,using the methodologies of Lin and Binns, Annichiarico, Eberhart and Russell, Cruz et al. and AMMI. Several of themethodologies indicated the genotypes BRS Estilo and CNFC 9518 for high yield, high adaptability and high stability. Theyield, stability and adaptability of cultivar Pérola, widely grown in the country, were lower than of the new elite genotypesobtained by the breeding programs.

  17. Conservation State of Mural Paintings from a Historic House in Florianópolis-SC, Brazil. A Multidisciplinary Approach

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    Márcia Regina ESCORTEGANHA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The scientific approach to conservation and monitoring of mural paintings executed in a historic house with an eclectic style of the twentieth century, located in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, is an example of interdisciplinary collaboration between conservators, historians, and scientists in planning and development actions for preventive maintenance as well as interventions of restoration. The mural paintings are recognized worldwide as an architectural element and property, which records the representations of the cultural landscape of an age. In this context, the painting technique found in this house and its state of conservation were investigated by evaluation of pigmented surfaces and then by optical and spectroscopic (IR and EDX techniques. These results were crucial for the record of the characteristic painting present in this building, showing a period marked by intense urban renewal in Brazilian cities.

  18. Machado-Joseph disease op azorean ancestry in Brazil: the Catarina kindred neurological, neuroimaging, psychiatric and neuropsychological findings in the largest known family, the «Catarina» kindred

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    J. Radvany

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available At the moment 9 seemingly independent families with the clinical diagnosis of MJD are known in Brazil. The largest family tree of Azorean ancestry contatins 622 individuals in 9 generations. 236 were examined, 39 found to be affected by two examiners. Pheno-types I, II and III were expressed by 12, 23 and 4 patients with age of onset by phenotypea being 10-48, 14-54 and 30-55 respectively. Although clinically more severe, juvenile onset type I disease did not show as severe a ponto-mesencephialic atrophy on MRI as the father with type II disease of similar symptomatic duration. None of the 8 patients examined with MRI showed olivary atrophy or pallidal abnormalities. 12 affected and 23 at risk were evaluated with neuropsychological tests. Attention was normal in both groups. Verbal memory scores were below normal in the affected and there was greater decay with time than in the risk group. Both scored below normal in identifying silluettes and constructional praxis. Visual memory scores were well below normal for both, with many rotations but no omissions or confabulations. A peculiar pattern of multiplying internal details called «the fly-eye effect» was observed in 6 affected and 8 at risk. Defective color distinction when multiple colors presented close to each other, in face of proper naming of individual colors («color simultantagnosia», was looked for in 29 people. 4/10 affected and 4/19 at risk showed this phenomenon. Cognitive dysfunctions in this MJD family are prominent in the sphere of vision. Whether they constitute an early manifestation in those at risk and thus serve as a clinical identifier of the illnes is yet to be established. Depression was looked for in the history of the family with DSM III-R criteria and an atempt at quantification with the Montgomery-Asberg Rating Scale. There was no significant quantitative difference between affected and at risk. Once undeniably symptomatic however, the patients had no, or less

  19. The Floristic and Forest Inventory of Santa Catarina State (IFFSC: methodological and operational aspects Inventário florístico florestal de Santa Catarina (IFFSC: aspectos metodológicos e operacionais

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    Alexander Christian Vibrans

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to contribute to the discussion on regional and national forest inventories, aiming mainly on aspects of methodos and operational. The Floristic and Forest Inventory of Santa Catarina State (IFFSC is an initiative of the state government and it was conceived in order to attend requirements of environmental laws. A pilot inventory took place in  2005; then the methodology was fitted to the proposal of the National Forest Inventory (IFN-BR in discussion at the time. IFFSC is carried out since 2007 in all natural forest formations all over the state’s territory, including floristic sampling (collection of fertile trees, shrubs and herbs within the sample unit and in its surroundings and survey of vascular epiphytes by specialized crews. The inventory applies a systematic sampling, with sample units containing clusters of four crosswise 1,000 m² plots (20 m x 50 m, distributed systematically at the intersections of a 10 km x 10 km grid all over the state’s territory (a 5 km x 5 km grid is applied on highly fragmentized Seasonal Deciduous Forests. Methodological details and some important operational issues are discussed beyond the four years experience of IFFSC. Major sampling intensity and lower diameter and height thresholds (in the arboreal and regeneration strata than in the nationwide inventory proposal (IFN-BR, as well as the execution of a floristic survey within and around the sample plots, showed to be important to record plant diversity of Santa Catarina’s forests.

    doi: 10.4336/2010.pfb.64.291

  1. Predation of Opuntia monacantha (Willd. Haw. (Cactaceae by Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae in a sand bank area of Santa Catarina island, south Brazil

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    Afonso Inácio Orth

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The genus Opuntia is worldwide known for its ecological, ornamental and agronomic importance. Some species became pests in the countries in which they where introduced, and as biological control, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae larvae, originary from Argentina, were used. However, the effect of the attack of this piralid on native cactus has yet not been elucidated. The objective of this study was to detect and to quantify the predation of C. cactorum on Opuntia monacantha. The study was carried out from September to November of 2004, along pre-defined tracks, on a sand bank vegetation area, between the Mole and Galheta beaches in the Santa Catarina island (27º35’83.1’’S e 48º25’70.6’’W. All the studied plants (n = 20 presented some damage caused by C. cactorum. The proportion of unpredated cladodes (68% and fruits (85% was higher than the predated ones. Terminal cladodes were highly predated structures and presented the highest number of larvae inside. Seed loss in the predated fruits was high. The remaining areole of the predated cladodes and fruits differentiated into sprouts and routs and formed new plants. O. monacantha, despite of being predated by C. cactorum larvae, apparently possess defense mechanisms which assure the maintenance of its populations.

  2. Chocho de Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca (Chocho of Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Chocho, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Catarina Ocotlan, in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling…

  3. China International Friendship Cities Association Delegation Visits Brazil and Argentina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>Invited by the UNALE (National Union of Legislative Assemblies of Federated States of Brazil) and the State Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina, the CPAFFC sent a delegation from the China International Friendship Cities Association (CIFCA) to attend the 15th National Conference of State Legislative Assemblies and the Meeting of Chinese and Brazilian Local Governments in Florianopolis, the state capital from May 16 to 21.

  4. Astronomy Outreach In Parana state/Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emilio, Marcelo

    2015-08-01

    Paraná is a state at South of Brazil with a population of 11 million people. There are two planetarium and two fixed observatories devoted to Astronomy outreach. The great majority of population have no access to information and knowledge of astronomy discoveries. Another problem is the teaching formation of astronomy studies. In this work we relate an initiative that started at the International Year of Astronomy in 2009 that involved Universities and amateur groups that is still in place. After several grants from the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development and Araucária Foundation we were able to reach more than 100.000 people with a mobile planetarium and night astronomic observations. We also providde one-week classes to more than 1.000 teachers in several cities of the state.

  5. Schistosomiasis in Southern Brazil 17 years after the confirmation of the first autochthonous case

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    Demetrius da Silva Martins

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease, is an important public health issue in Brazil, particularly Northern Brazil. Since the first recorded occurrence of Biomphalaria glabrata in the States of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, it has spread to South Brazil. METHODS: Using the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN, we assessed the disease spread in Southern Brazil. RESULTS: In Rio Grande do Sul, nine localities had confirmed cases (n = 95, 2001-2013. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed disease expansion to Southern Brazil. We demonstrated the effectiveness of SINAN to monitor notifiable diseases. Our results are useful to develop preventive actions for schistosomiasis control.

  6. Avaliação de sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos instalado no estado de Santa Catarina The evaluation of swine waste treatment system installed in Santa Catarina state

    OpenAIRE

    Iria S. Araújo; José L. R. Oliveira; Rui G. C. M. Alves; Paulo Belli Filho; Rejane H.R. da Costa

    2012-01-01

    Os dejetos suínos contribuem de forma significativa em prol da degradação dos recursos naturais e para a diminuição da qualidade de vida na região sul do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. O excesso de dejetos gerados pelo grande número dos suínos por unidade de área dificulta a solução do problema. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento de um sistema de tratamento de dejetos suínos, em série e em escala real, composto de unidades anaeróbias, unidades aeróbias e pós-tratament...

  7. Analysis for grouping of factors of performance of technology-based enterprise in incubators: study of the incubators of the State of Santa Catarina

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    Pedro Paulo Andrade Júnior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study it has for objective to evaluate the capacity of overcoming of difficulties of Technology-based enterprise in incubators, aiming at to the proposal of action of improvements and performance for groupings, using as reference the incubators the State of Santa Catarina. The used methodology privileges the qualitative approach. The research is characterized for being of the type description-exploratory, carried through under the study form multicase. The interview constitutes the main instrument of collection of data. Intentional samples had been used to select the citizens of this inquiry. For presentation and analysis of the data set and interpretation of the verbal stories, it was used technique of content analysis and the technique of triangulation for quarrel of the results. The results of the research had allowed identifying to the difficulties of resident enterprise in incubators and its relevance in the overcoming of the difficulties on the basis of four groupings: in the financial restrictions, of management, production and commercialization considering elements that allow action of improvement. Moreover, the research contributes practice by proposing of actions for improvements to be adopted by companies and also by incubators in order to improve their factors of performance and evaluation.

  8. ENVIROMENTAL VARIABLE INFLUENCE ON THE TREE COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND FLORISTIC PATTERNS IN A MONTANE ARAUCARIA FOREST FRAGMENT IN LAGES, SANTA CATARINA STATE

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    Pedro Higuchi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050985081This study aimed to characterize the floristic composition and structure of the tree component of a montane Araucaria Forest fragment and to assess the influence of environmental variables on the patterns observed. The study area was located in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina state, close to the margin of the Caveiras River. The vegetation and the environmental variables (physical and chemical soils characteristics, relief and canopy cover were surveyed within 50, 20 x 10m, permanent plots allocated systematically stratified in the forest fragment. All trees with circumference at breast height (CBH ³ 15,7 cm were measured (CBH and height and identified. It was calculated the importance value (VI of the species found, performed the ordination of plots according to the abundance of species through the analysis of NMDS (Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling and plotted the "a posterior" the significant environmental variables in the ordination diagram. One thousand, eight hundred and forty-three (1,843 individuals were sampled, which added up to a total basal area of 36.45 m2, distributed in 37 botanical families, 63 genera and 92 species. The three species with the highest values of VI were Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. Kuntze, Lithraea brasiliensis Marchand and Jacaranda puberula Cham. The variables that showed the higher correlation with the tree component structure and floristic composition were the pH, the plot highest declivity and the Mg content.

  9. Avaliação da proteção conferida pela vacina antimeningocócica BC no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil, 1990/92

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    Costa Eduardo de A.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados os resultados da avaliação da vacina antimeningocócica BC de procedência cubana realizada com dados da vigilância epidemiológica de meningites do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, dos anos de 1990-92. A eficácia para os casos confirmados por exames bacteriológicos foi de 59% (IC de 95%: 23 a 78% para os menores de 4 anos e de 78% (IC de 95%: 54 a 90% para as crianças de 4 a 7 anos. Com os casos confirmados como causados por sorogrupo B, as eficácias estimadas foram maiores, mas se ampliaram os intervalos de confiança. O efeito protetor da vacina em relação à mortalidade em crianças menores de 4 anos foi estimado em 76% (IC 95%: 41 a 91%. Outros dados apresentados sugerem que as mais baixas eficácias encontradas, quando se analisam os menores de 4 anos, decorrem da seletividade da confirmação diagnóstica que exclui os casos mais graves que morrem a poucas horas do início dos sintomas, associada à modificação do curso da doença (atenuação em vacinados. Por isso, indica-se a vacinação, inclusive em menores de 4 anos, nas situações epidêmicas.

  10. Monitoring of carcinofauna abundance and diversity during eight years of expressway construction in Santa Catarina, Brazil Ocho años de monitoreo de la abundancia y diversidad de la fauna carcinológica durante la construcción de una carretera en Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Felipe Freitas Junior

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Crustaceans are important in estuarine ecosystems, transferring energy to higher trophic levels and contributing to artisanal and industrial fisheries. This paper aims to evaluate the carcinofauna diversity and abundance in Saco dos Limões and how this changed when affected by dredging during the construction of an expressway through South Bay, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Collections were made onboard a commercial fishing boat for three months, day and night, at six sampling sites from 1997 to 2006. The families Penaeidae and Portunidae were the most diverse in terms of taxa, with the largest species abundances. The dominant species were the shrimps Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis, F. paulensis, and Litopenaeus schmitti, and the crab Callinectes danae. The largest abundances were found in two areas, in the summer and at night. The diversity and equitability Índices showed similar patterns, with the highest values in autumn and winter. Acording to the Jaccard Index, the similarity of the crustacean composition was highest for the years 2005 and 2006 and lowest between 1997 and 2005. The structure of the carcinofauna changed over the years, with high mortalities during dredging operations followed by a recovery in the subsequent years. Our observations indicated that dredging did not have catastrophiçõeffects ñor did it produce long-term disturbances in the carcinofauna of the estuary. It is important to monitor natural resources in order to record the extent and limits of human impacts on the environment.Los crustáceos son importantes en el ecosistema estuarino, transfiriendo energía hacia los niveles tróficos más altos y contribuyendo a la pesca artesanal e industrial. El objetivo del artículo es evaluar la diversidad y abundancia de la fauna carcinológica de la región de Saco dos Limões y sus cambios bajo la influencia de las actividades de dragado durante la construcción de la carretera Bahía sur, Florianópolis, Santa

  11. Dinâmica populacional, biologia reprodutiva e o ictioplâncton de Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier (Pisces, Clupeiformes, Engraulidae na enseada do Saco dos Limões, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Population dynamics, reproductive biology and the ichthyoplankton of Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier (Pisces, Clupeiformes, Engraulidae in the Saco dos Limões cove, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    José M. Souza-Conceição

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Os dados utilizados neste estudo são originários de um monitoramento ambiental realizado na enseada do Saco dos Limões, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Neste monitoramento foram coletadas amostras da ictiofauna, sendo separados para análise um total de 3820 exemplares de Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier, 1828, capturados em 17 coletas, no período compreendido entre julho de 1999 e abril de 2001. A análise dos dados permitiu estimar parâmetros populacionais e reprodutivos importantes como o comprimento de primeira maturação (118 mm para sexos grupados, 112 e 118 mm para machos e fêmeas, respectivamente, as distribuições de freqüências de comprimento, a relação peso-comprimento (Pt = 0,0000003 x Ct 3,67º8, a proporção sexual ao longo do tempo, a variação sazonal dos estádios de maturação gonadal, o índice gonadossomático, o fator de condição e o fator de condição somático, o ciclo reprodutivo e o período de desova, sendo também determinada a participação da espécie no ictioplâncton. Foram determinadas as correlações entre os parâmetros biológicos e os ambientais de temperatura e salinidade da água, superficial e de fundo. Constatou-se que a espécie utiliza o ambiente de estudo ao longo de todo seu ciclo de vida, tanto para reprodução quanto para a alimentação e o crescimento, e está estrategicamente adaptada às condições ambientais e biológicas da área de estudo.Data used in this study are from a monitoring program conducted in the Saco dos Limões cove, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. In this program, fish fauna were collected in 17 surveys from July 1999 to April 2001. For this study, 3820 individuals of Centengraulis edentulus Cuvier, 1828 were examined regarding population and reproductive parameters, such as, length at sexual maturity (118 mm for the combined sexes, 112 mm for males and 118 mm for females, frequency distributions for total length, length-weight relationship (Wt

  12. Diagnosis of the vegetation and the use of frontal dunes during the mullet (Mugil brasiliensis fishing at Pântano do Sul beach, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Luziana Souza Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Mullet fishing takes place on Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Brazil in May and June every year. The local fishermen use the frontal dunes in order to spot the shoals out at sea. This study evaluates characteristics of areas of the frontal dunes and the modifications occurring in sections used and unused by the “observers” at Pântano do Sul beach. The locations for sighting, named “Cabrito” and “Areias”, and two control areas were monitored. In each area, at the frontal dune, six permanent transects were determined for the evaluation of vegetation and the presence of trails and waste, before and after the mullet fishing. The areas showed a vegetation cover of around 80% and 69 species of vascular plants, one of which was exotic. From the 15 observations of fishing, in 14 the fishermen used only the Areias site, which is more elevated than Cabrito and offers a better visualization of the shoals. The Cabrito site was not used for visualization in the year in question (2005, and only the trail near this site was used as an access to the beach by the local residents. At the Cabrito site, the human alterations observed included an increase in the trail area (1.7% and in the waste deposition (3.7% - mainly of domestic materials. At the Areias site, effectively used in the mullet fishing, the environmental impacts due to increase in the trails (0.7% and waste deposition (0.2% were lower when compared to the Cabrito site, at least in the year of observation.

  13. Clinical and histopathological profile of basal cell carcinoma in a population from Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil Perfil clínico e histopatológico do carcinoma basocelular em amostra populacional de Criciúma, SC, Brasil

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    Letícia Pangendler Peres

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Basal cell carcinoma is a local, invasive epidermal neoplasia, the most common type of which is nodular basal cell carcinoma. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the occurrence of basal cell carcinoma, characterizing its distribution in accordance with patients' age, gender, the site of the lesion and its histopathological characteristics. Anatomopathology reports of cases of basal cell carcinoma diagnosed in Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil between June 2005 and June 2007 were analyzed. A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted. The majority of patients were females over 40 years of age. Most of the tumors were of the nodular type and were situated on the face. There was ulceration in 27.5%, infiltration in 24.5% and invasion of the deep dermis in 61.8%. Local data must be evaluated in order to emphasize the importance of early diagnosis.O carcinoma basocelular é uma neoplasia epidérmica invasiva local, cujo tipo mais frequente é nódulo-ulcerativo. O objetivo foi estudar a ocorrência de CBC, caracterizando sua distribuição segundo idade, sexo, localização e características histopatológicas. Analisaram-se laudos anatomopatológicos de CBC, diagnosticados em Criciúma/SC, entre junho de 2005 e junho de 2007. Elaborou-se um estudo descritivo, observacional e transversal. Predominou após os 40 anos, no sexo feminino, do tipo nodular e localizado na face. Houve ulceração em 27,5%, infiltração em 24,5%, invasão de derme profunda em 61,8%, entre outros. É necessário conhecer dados locais para reforçar a importância do diagnóstico precoce.

  14. Medium and large-sized mammals of Deciduous Seasonal Forest remnants, in Fritz Plaumann State Park and in surrounding areas, southern Brazil

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    Carla Deonisia Hendges

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Seasonal forests are one of the most endangered ecosystems in the Atlantic Forest biome, with few protected areas and scarce knowledge on fauna. In order to contribute by means of data on mammal occurrence, distribution, and conservation, this study aimed to provide a list of medium and large-sized mammal species in Fritz Plaumann State Park and in surrounding areas and identify the main threats to mammal species in these locations. Having 741 ha, the park is the only protected area with this ecosystem in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. In 2007, 2010, and 2012, samplings were carried out through direct and indirect observation, camera traps, and interviews. Twenty three species were registered, representing 42% of the total number of medium and large-sized land mammals known for the state of Santa Catarina. Six species fell within some threat level in the state or national red list. Even with a small size, this park is one of the largest forest fragments in this region and a refuge for many species within a matrix under intense anthropogenic pressure (e.g. presence of exotic species, hunting. Areas adjacent to the park also show significance for mammal conservation and further strategies must involve, whenever possible, the region as a whole.

  15. IN SITU ET DE VISU: A FORMAÇÃO DE PROFESSORES/AS EM SANTA CATARINA NA VIGÊNCIA DA REFORMA ORESTES GUIMARÃES (1911-1930)

    OpenAIRE

    Gladys Mary Ghizoni Teive

    2012-01-01

    In 1911, under the leadership of professor Orestes Guimarães, of SãoPaulo, the Escola Normal Catarinense (Normal School of Santa Catarina) wasreformed according to the tenets of modern pedagogy, as with the Escola Normalde São Paulo, in 1891( NB: In Brazil, Escola Normal is a teacher-trainingcourse, part of secondary education, that prepares teachers for teaching in primaryschools). Following the principles of the intuitive method of teaching, then consideredthe state of the art modernising t...

  16. New perspectives on the synoptic and mesoscale structure of Hurricane Catarina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira Filho, Augusto José; Pezza, Alexandre Bernardes; Simmonds, Ian; Lima, Raquel Silva; Vianna, Marcio

    2010-02-01

    This work explores in detail synoptic and mesoscale features of Hurricane Catarina during its life cycle from a decaying baroclinic wave to a tropical depression that underwent tropical transition (TT) and finally to a Category 2 hurricane at landfall over Santa Catarina State coast, southern Brazil. This unique system caused 11 deaths mostly off the Brazilian coast and an estimated half billion dollars in damage in a matter of a few hours on 28 March 2004. Although the closest meteorological station available was tens of kilometres away from the eye, in situ meteorological measurements provided by a work-team sent to the area where the eye made landfall unequivocally reproduces the tropical signature with category 2 strength, adding to previous analysis where this data was not available. Further analyses are based mostly on remote sensing data available at the time of the event. A classic dipole blocking set synoptic conditions for Hurricane Catarina to develop, dynamically contributing to the low wind shear observed. On the other hand, on its westward transit, large scale subsidence limited its strength and vertical development. Catarina had relatively cool SST conditions, but this was mitigated by favourable air-sea fluxes leading to latent heat release-driven processes during the mature phase. The ocean's dynamic topography also suggested the presence of nearby warm core rings which may have facilitated the transition and post-transition intensification. Since there were no records of such a system at least in the past 30 years and given that SSTs were generally below 26 °C and vertical shear was usually strong, despite all satellite data available, the system was initially classified as an extratropical cyclone. Here we hypothesise that this categorization was based on inadequate regional scale model outputs which did not account for the importance of the latent heat fluxes over the ocean. Hurricane Catarina represents a dramatic event on weather systems in

  17. Huanglongbing Surveillance Program Actions in the State of Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, S. X.B.; Andrade, E. C.; Nascimento, A. S.; Barbosa, C. J.; Girardi, E. A.; Astúa, J. F.; Laranjeira, F. F.

    2014-01-01

    Huanglongbing (HLB) is found in South/Southeastern states of Brazil, but citrus is grown all over the country. For that reason, surveillance procedures should be carried out frequently and contingency plans developed. This study reports the actions of the State Bureau of Agricultural Defense of Bahia (ADAB), for a commercial orchard in Bom Jesus da Lapa (state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil) suspected of having HLB symptomatic plants. Besides having a Contingency Plan, a protocol that establis...

  18. Resistance to cypermethrin and amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus on the Santa Catarina Plateau, Brazil Situação da resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus à cipermetrina e amitraz no Planalto Catarinense, Brasil

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    Luana Paula Haubold Neis Veiga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available With the objective of evaluating Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus resistance to cipermetrina and amitraz, were collected engorged tick females from cattle on 20 farms on the Santa Catarina Plateau, in southern Brazil, between January of 2004 and May of 2006. Were also received 20 groups of engorged R. (B. microplus females, collected by cattle farmers requesting acaricidal efficacy (AE testing. Were performed in vitro tests, which consisted of immersing engorged females in cypermethrin (0.015% and in amitraz (0.025%. An AE >95% was considered indicative of effectiveness. Of the 20 collected groups, 18 (90% showed cypermethrin resistance and 1 (5% showed amitraz resistance. Of the 20 received groups, 19 (95% showed cypermethrin resistance and 2 (10% showed amitraz resistance. The AE of cypermethrin was found to be >95%, 85-94%, and 55-64%, respectively, in 4 (57.1%, 2 (28.6%, and 1 (14.3% of 7 reference groups, collected in the 1997-2001 period. The AE of amitraz was >95% in all of those groups. Among the groups of specimens received for analysis in that period, the AE of amitraz was >95% in 6 (85.71% and 75-84% in 1 (14.28%. R. (B. microplus resistance to acaricides is increasing on the Santa Catarina Plateau.Com os objetivos de avaliar a resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus à cipermetrina e ao amitraz no Planalto Catarinense, no período de janeiro de 2004 a maio de 2006, foram coletadas teleóginas em bovinos de 20 propriedades onde os produtores autorizaram a coleta (amostras por conveniência e recebidas teleóginas de mais 20 propriedades com objetivo de diagnóstico de eficácia. Os testes in vitro foram realizados por imersão de teleóginas em cipermetrina (0,015% e amitraz (0,025%. Considerando a eficácia igual ou superior a 95%, das 20 propriedades amostradas, 18 (90% apresentaram resistência à cipermetrina e uma (5% ao amitraz. Das 20 propriedades com teleóginas para diagnóstico, 19 (95% apresentaram resist

  19. Aplicação das ações preconizadas pelo Ministério da Saúde para o parto humanizado em um hospital de Santa Catarina Application of Ministry of Health guidelines for humane childbirth in a hospital in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Elias dos Reis

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A mudança do cenário domiciliar do nascimento para o hospitalar fez emergir nova cultura de atendimento à mulher parturiente, provocando desvalorização do potencial do cuidado humano, em suas características culturais e afetivas, e gerando desconforto e até agravos à saúde da mulher e do seu recém-nascido.Tendo em vista essa realidade, o Ministério da Saúde criou diretrizes para orientar as ações das equipes de saúde no processo de parir. O foco deste estudo foi analisar, de forma qualitativa, a aplicação dessas ações preconizadas em um centro obstétrico de um hospital do Estado de Santa Catarina. Participaram como sujeitos do estudo onze parturientes e seus recém-nascidos e acompanhantes e os profissionais da equipe de saúde que atenderam essas mulheres. A análise dos dados, levantados por observação participante, entrevista e análise documental, mostrou limitações da equipe de saúde para incorporar as referidas diretrizes no cotidiano da assistência, bem como das gestantes e acompanhantes em estimular essa prática, especialmente pelo desconhecimento que têm de seus direitos. Isto reforça a importância dessas diretrizes serem trabalhadas no pré-natal junto às gestantes e seus familiares.The change in the scenary from home birth to the hospital has created another culture in the care and attendance for woman in labor, leading to a depreciation of the potencial of the human care, in your cultural and affective characteristics and generating discomfort and even aggravating the woman’s health and her infant. Looking upon this reality, the Health Departament created gruidelines to help the actions of health teams in the process of birth. The focus of this study was to analyze, in a qualitative way, the application of those actions in a obstetric center of a hospital in the State of Santa Catarina. This research had as participants eleven women in labor, their infants and their companions and the health

  20. State of endocrinology and diabetology in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Giannella-Neto

    2011-01-01

    Brazil is a large, populous country in South America, which has one of the biggest concentrations of people with diabetes. This article reviews the current status of diabetes care, medical education and training, and diabetes/endocrine research in Brazil. It highlights achievements in public health and research, which can be emulated by other countries. In Endocrine/Diabetes fields, a more realistic and responsible policies in terms of medical traineeship, patient education, and mainly scient...

  1. A Composição e a Evolução das Despesas com Pessoal no Estado de Santa Catarina de 2000 a 2011 = The composition and evolution of expenses on personnel in the state of Santa Catarina from 2000 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula de Souza

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A existência de limites para as despesas com pessoal no âmbito da União, dos Estados e dos Municípios se mostra presente desde a Carta Magna de 1967. Entretanto, a Lei Complementar n. 101, de 4 de maio de 2000, conhecida como Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF, conferiu mudanças consideráveis, impondo regras e limites mais específicos para as referidas despesas. Nesse contexto, este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar a composição e a evolução das despesas com pessoal nos Poderes e órgãos do Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 2000 a 2011. Além dos limites globais, contemplaram-se os limites prudencial e o de alerta. Adicionalmente, realizou-se ajuste monetário dos valores conforme o Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA, tornando-se possível identificar o desempenho do Estado catarinense em relação ao cumprimento dos limites específicos. Dessa forma, constatou-se que o Estado de Santa Catarina, considerado o ente, ultrapassou todos os limites para as despesas com pessoal apenas no ano de 2000. Todavia, nos anos de 2001 e 2005 o limite de alerta foi extrapolado e nos anos de 2002 a 2004 o limite prudencial foi excedido. Em apenas três anos do período em estudo o aumento da despesa com pessoal foi maior do que a realização dos juros e encargos da dívida pública. A receita corrente líquida representou cerca de 9% do PIB do Estado no período, enquanto que a despesa com pessoal chegou a representar o máximo de 5,24% em 2002.The existence of limits for expenses on personnel in the sphere of the Union, the states and the municipalities has been present since the Magna Carta of 1967. However, the Complementary Law nº 101, of May 4, 2000, known as Fiscal Responsibility Law (LRF, conferred considerable changes, imposing more specific rules and limits for the mentioned expenses. In this context, this paper aims at presenting the overall composition and evolution of expenses on personnel at the Powers

  2. Hydrological mixing and geochemical processes characterization in an estuarine/mangrove system using environmental tracers in Babitonga Bay (Santa Catarina, Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros Grace, Virgínia; Mas-Pla, Josep; Oliveira Novais, Therezinha; Sacchi, Elisa; Zuppi, Gian Maria

    2008-03-01

    The hydrologic complex of Babitonga Bay (Brazil) forms a vast environmental complex where agriculture, shellfish farming, and industries coexist with a unique natural area of Atlantic rain forest and mangrove systems. The origin of different continental hydrological components, the environmental transition between saline and freshwaters, and the influence of the seasonality on Babitonga Bay waters are evaluated using isotopes and chemistry. End-member mixing analysis is used to explore hydrological processes in the bay. We show that a mixing of waters from different origins takes place in the bay modifying its chemical characteristics. Furthermore, biogeochemical processes related to well-developed mangrove systems are responsible for an efficient bromide uptake, which limit its use as a tracer as commonly used in non-biologically active environments. Seasonal behaviours are also distinguished from our datasets. The rainy season (April) provides a homogenization of the hydrological processes that is not seen after the dry season (October), when larger spatial differences appear and when the effects of biological processes on the bay hydrochemistry are more dynamic, or can be better recognized. Moreover, Cl/Br and stable isotopes of water molecule allow a neat definition of the hydrological and biogeochemical processes that control chemical composition in coastal and transition areas.

  3. The Perception of the stakeholders influences strategies and its relation with the generic strategy: case study in small business enterprises of the north coast of Santa Catarina State

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Freitas; Valmir Emil Hoffmann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to analyze the relationship between the stakeholders’ influence strategy perception and the generic strategy in the small business enterprises in the cities of the North Coast of Santa Catarina, according to the typologies proposed. The work, which has a predominantly quantitative nature, was realized in 148 (one hundred and forty-eight) business enterprises and services, by means of the application of three questionnaires in each company. The results fou...

  4. Atributos químicos do solo influenciados por sucessivas aplicações de dejetos suínos em áreas agrícolas de Santa Catarina Long-term swine manure fertilization and its effects on soil chemical properties in santa catarina, southern Brazil

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    Eloi Erhard Scherer

    2010-08-01

    may have a negative impact on the environment when inadequately used. The aim of this work was to evaluate changes in properties of soils under no-till grain production and long-term swine manure fertilization. Soil samples from three representative soils types (Oxisol, Inceptisol and Leptosol from Western Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, were collected under no-tillage cultivation and surface application of swine manure for about 15 years and over 20 years. Samples from areas treated with mineral fertilizer and unfertilized controls (under forest vegetation were also collected from seven soil layers (0-5, 5-10, 10-20, 20-30, 40-50, 70-80, and 100-110 cm to evaluate soil organic matter content and available P, K, Cu, and Zn. Long-term swine manure application caused nutrient accumulation (P, K, Cu and Zn in the top soil layer, mainly in the top 5 cm of soil. Soil organic matter was not affected by manure application. In general, the annual manure applications did not affect the chemical properties of the subsoil. In Leptosol and Inceptisol, however, increased P concentrations were found in the 40-50 cm and 70-80 cm soil layers, indicating a greater potential for P loss in these soils. Exchangeable Zn and Cu was accumulated mainly in the top 10 cm of the Oxisol and in the top 20 cm of the Inceptisol and Leptosol. The accumulation of nutrients in the top soil layer (0-5 cm indicated a greater potential for nutrient loss than in soils treated with conventional mineral fertilizer.

  5. Uso de medicamentos em crianças de zero a seis anos matriculadas em creches de Tubarão, Santa Catarina Drug utilization among children aged zero to six enrolled in day care centers of Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diélly Cunha de Carvalho

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar o padrão de utilização de medicamentos, nos últimos seis meses, em crianças entre zero e seis anos, em quatro creches de Tubarão, Santa Catarina, no ano de 2007. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado por meio de questionário semi-estruturado, aplicado aos pais ou responsáveis pelas 413 crianças incluídas na pesquisa, após consentimento informado. Foram coletados dados sobre utilização de medicamentos e informações de saúde. A análise estatística foi feita com auxílio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 15.0. RESULTADOS: A média de idade das crianças foi 3,7±1,3 anos, sendo 195 (47% meninas e 218 (53% meninos. Dentre os adultos que responderam ao questionário, 75% eram mães e 43% tinham oito anos de estudo. Diante de situação de doença, 47% forneciam os medicamentos que tinham em casa. Das crianças pesquisadas, 82 (20% apresentavam doença crônica e 75 (18% portavam doença aguda no momento da pesquisa. Houve histórico de reações adversas aos medicamentos em 82 (20% crianças, sendo a mais freqüente a alergia. A classe de medicamentos mais utilizada foi a dos analgésicos e antitérmicos (45% e o motivo de uso principal foi febre (32%. Nos últimos seis meses, haviam sido utilizados 763 medicamentos, com média de 1,8 medicamentos por criança, sendo 41% com prescrição médica e 59% por automedicação. CONCLUSÕES: A prática freqüente de automedicação em crianças é um fenômeno potencialmente nocivo à saúde. Esse estudo mostrou que a maioria dos pais ou responsáveis segue essa prática, podendo mascarar doenças graves, gerar quadros de reações adversas e desenvolver resistência bacteriana, além de outras complicações.OBJECTIVE: Identify the pattern of drug utilization in a six-month period among children aged zero to six years old, in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil, during 2007. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out using a semi

  6. Caracterização da diversidade genética entre acessos crioulos de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. coletados em Santa Catarina por marcadores RAPD Characterization of the genetic diversity of landraces of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. collected in Santa Catarina State by RAPD markers

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    Márcio Fonseca de Carvalho

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento da diversidade genética, por meio da dissimilaridade entre os genótipos, permite a organização, a amostragem e a utilização eficiente do germoplasma em programas de melhoramento genético. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar a dissimilaridade entre acessos crioulos de feijão coletados no Estado de Santa Catarina, integrantes do banco ativo de germoplasma de feijão da UDESC e de três cultivares comerciais ("Pérola", "SCS 202-Guará" e "BRS Valente", por meio de marcadores moleculares RAPD. Foram utilizados 21 iniciadores decâmeros que permitiram a visualização de 96 bandas, sendo que 41 (42,7% apresentaram polimorfismo entre os acessos estudados, resultando em bandas entre 650 e 2000pb. A dissimilaridade foi calculada utilizando-se o coeficiente de Sorensen-Dice e o agrupamento foi realizado pelo método UPGMA. Os acessos foram separados em dois grupos principais, com dissimilaridade relativamente alta, quando comparada com a dissimilaridade observada dentro de cada grupo. Os dois grupos formados indicam os centros de domesticação, Mesoamericano ou Andino, dos acessos analisados. A dissimilaridade entre as cultivares avaliadas ("SCS 202-Guará", "BRS Valente" e "Pérola" é baixa (0,15, se comparada com a dissimilaridade entre os demais acessos do banco de germoplasma (0,65. A menor dissimilaridade entre os acessos estudados (BAF63 e BAF04 foi de 0,02. A inexistência de acessos repetidos reforça a necessidade de novas coletas de germoplasma, o que resultará em um banco de germoplasma de feijão mais representativo da variabilidade genética remanescente em Santa Catarina.The knowledge of the genetic diversity through the divergence among the genotypes allows the organization of the germplasm, sampling and efficient utilization in breeding programs. The objective of this study was to analyze the dissimilarity among germplasm collected in Santa Catarina State, stored in UDESC germplasm active bank of common bean

  7. Estimate of radiation doses to workers in underground mines of coal and fluorite in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina and considerations on the optimisation of radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inhalation of radon present in underground mines can imply in the deposition of its descendants in the lungs, which may cause harm to the lungs tissues and induce cancer. Concentrations of radon in the environment of underground mines above 1000 - 1500 Bq/m3 are internationally considered to require protective measures for the miners. The objectives of the present work were to determine the concentrations of radon in air, as well as the resulting doses due to the presence of this radionuclide in three underground mines of fluorite and three underground mines of coal in the State of Santa Catarina. The concentration of radon was measured employing two types of detectors of nuclear tracks (SSNTD), the LEXAN and the CR-39. This detection method consisted in counting, with the help of a microscope, tracks resulting from the interaction of alpha particles with the film, due to the penetration of Rn-222 in the interior of the detector chamber and its decaying process. The average dose to the workers of the coal mines was estimated as 0.7 mSv/a, value inferior to the limit of 1 mSv/a established by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) for members of the public. On the other hand, the fluorite mines showed much higher concentrations of radon and superior to 1000 Bq/m3. The inefficiency of the ventilation system and the liberation of radon during the various explosions may have contributed to the high concentrations of radon in these mines since the concentration of radium in the rocks (normal and weathered granites) and in the minerals (green and purple fluorides) that compose the mining environment are not high. The modification of the ventilation system of one of the fluorite mines was sufficient to reduce the radon concentration to levels of the order of 500 Bq/m3. The weathered granite contributes more significantly to the increase of the concentration of Rn-222 in the air than the other rocks here studied, i.e. normal granite as well as green and purple

  8. The developmental state in Brazil: comparative and historical perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    BEN ROSS SCHNEIDER

    2015-01-01

    The record of successful developmental states in East Asia and the partial successes of developmental states in Latin America suggest several common preconditions for effective state intervention including a Weberian bureaucracy, monitoring of implementation, reciprocity (subsidies in exchange for performance), and collaborative relations between government and business. Although Brazil failed to develop the high technology manufacturing industry and exports that have fueled sustained growth ...

  9. The developmental state in Brazil: comparative and historical perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, Ben Ross

    2014-01-01

    The record of successful developmental states in East Asia and the partial successes of developmental states in Latin America suggest several common preconditions for effective state intervention including a Weberian bureaucracy, monitoring of implementation, reciprocity (subsidies in exchange for performance), and collaborative relations between government and business. Although Brazil failed to develop the high technology manufacturing industry and exports that have fueled sustained growth ...

  10. Fragmentation of Araucaria Forests in the Chapecó Ecological Corridor, Santa Catarina

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    Gisele Garcia Alarcon

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, only 2% of the Araucaria forest remains, and less than 1% of this forest is protected (as conservation units. In Santa Catarina, the Chapecó River sub-basin was evaluated for the creation of a state ecological corridor. Studies were developed within the Microbacias 2 Project between 2007 and 2009. Landscape metrics provided important data for evaluating the conservation status of the forest remnants for the zoning of the corridor. The Chapecó Ecological Corridor encompasses around 5,000km²; 50.5% of this area comprises remnants of natural ecosystems and 42.7% is used by agricultural activities. Fifteen fragments, which are each larger than 500ha, are Araucaria forests that contain elements of Floresta Estacional Decidual. Of the 83 watersheds studied in permanent preservation areas, 20.5% has more than 60% vegetation cover and 57.5% has between 10% and 30% vegetation cover. It is estimated that the sub-basin has 111,000km2 of forest on private properties, along with remnants in three conservation units and three indigenous areas. The forests of the Chapecó Ecological Corridor represent the last fragments of continuous Araucaria forest in western Santa Catarina.

  11. VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN PETROLINA, STATE OFPERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, 2007-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Andreina de Carvalho ARAUJO; GONÇALVES, Nara Nagle Vieira Matos; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Ferreira, Fernando; HORTA, Mauricio Claudio

    2016-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease of great public health relevance in Brazil. The municipality of Petrolina is an endemic area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This study was designed to assess the recent expansion of VL in the municipality of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Patients data were obtained from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). A total of 111 records from 2007 to 2013 were investigated, of which 69 were residents in Petrolina....

  12. Visual acuity assessment in schoolchildren in the municipality of Herval d’Oeste, Santa Catarina state, Brazil

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    Rafaela Santini de Oliveira

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate visual acuity through the application of a screening test; identify the prevalence of low vision; and provide proper management to it. Methods: A cross-sectional and quantitative study in which first-to-fifth grade students of two elementary schools in the municipality of Herval d’Oeste were evaluated in the second half of 2011, by means of a questionnaire with the following variables: gender, age, previous use of glasses, perception of their own vision, and application of the Snellen Test to assess visual acuity (VA. Students presenting VA<0.7 and signs and symptoms of ocular disorders were referred to an ophthalmologist. Results: The sample comprised 318 students: 158 (49.6% males and 160 (50.3% females, between 5 and 15 years old. Thirty of these students showed low visual acuity and were referred to eye care, and 24 children attended ophthalmic examinations - 19 (79.16% needed optical correction. The most prevalent diagnoses were astigmatism, hyperopia, and myopia. Conclusion: The detection of low vision among schoolchildren through screening tests is an important task of health promotion and an effective strategy to prevent visual disorders, which can interfere with intellectual, psychological and social development. The effective implementation of programs and actions to promote health through the integration of health, education and community should be considered.

  13. Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitapolis and Lages alkaline-carbonite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comin-Chiaramonti, Piero; Antonini, Paolo [Universita di Trieste (Italy) Dipt. di Ingegneria Chimica, dell' Ambiente e delle Materie Prime]. E-mail: comin@mail.univ.trieste.it; Gomes, Celso de Barros; Ruberti, Excelso [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias]. E-mail: cgomes@usp.br; exrubert@usp.br; Castorina, Francesca [Universita La Sapienza, Rome (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze della Terra; Censi, Paolo di [Universita di Catania (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Geologiche]. E-mail: pcensi@mbox.unict.it; Furtado, Sandra; Scheibe, Luiz Fernando [Santa Catarina Univ., Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Geociencias]. E-mail: scheibe@cfh.ufsc.br

    2002-03-01

    The Early Cretaceous ({approx} 132 Ma) Anitapolis stock is made up of cumulate pyroxenites, minor nepheline syenites and ijolites and scare dykes of nephelinitic composition. Carbonatites form a small body, but are also widespread as dykes and veins. The complex is entirely surrounded by Late Proterozoic granitic-gneissic rocks (570-630 Ma). The Late cretaceous (70-77 Ma) Lages complex constitutes a prominent dome structure underlined by a concentric arrangement of Permian to Triassic sediments. It consists mainly of peralkaline phonolites and nepheline syenites with subordinate ultramafic rocks (melilitite, olivine nephelinite, basanite and tephrite). Other important rock-types are kimberlitic breccias and carbonalites as a minor intrusion. Chemical data suggest that the Anitapolis carbonatites are essentially Ca-carbonatites and the Lages ones Fe-carbonatites. Normalized IE and REE diagrams for both carbonatites display different patterns. d{sup 18} O and d{sup 13} C isotopes for the Anitapolis carbonatites plot near the primary carbonatite box, whereas the Lages rocks point to a large spreading of {sup 18} O values. Radiogenic isotope data indicate that the carbonatites and the associated silicate rocks present similar Sr and Nd values, spanning from time integrated depleted to enriched types. Nd-model ages for the Early (Anitapolis) and Late Cretaceous (Lages) carbonatites are 1.3 {+-} 0.1 Ga and 1.2 {+-} 0.2 Ga, respectively, but the Lages rocks seem to have been affected by two different proterozoic mantle metasomatic events. Considerations on the geodynamic implications of the alkaline and alkaline-carbonatitic magmatism are made on the basis of models other than mantle plume. (author)

  14. Novas estratégias em educação: avaliação da técnica Tribunal do Júri na capacitação de conselheiros na área de saúde da mulher em Santa Catarina, Brasil New educational strategies: evaluation of the Jury Trial technique for training council members in women's health in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonor Minho Conill

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se e avalia-se a técnica Tribunal do Júri, instrumento educativo inovador utilizado em uma oficina piloto sobre Controle Social e Gênero para conselheiros de saúde da Grande Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudaram-se sua confiabilidade e validade utilizando a opinião dos participantes complementado com observação qualitativa dos trabalhos. Houve unanimidade na aceitação da técnica por parte dos conselheiros pela "aquisição de conhecimentos" e "por ser participativa, democrática e dinâmica". A avaliação positiva coincide com trabalho anterior feito com secretários municipais, notando-se menor preferência por atividades cognitivas formais que também compunham a oficina. Conclui-se reforçando a importância do uso dessa inovação em capacitações, por ser aceita por públicos distintos, permitir o mapeamento de conteúdo programático e ser útil face a temáticas novas e polêmicas ao favorecer vivências práticas e reflexivas.This article describes and evaluates the Jury Trial technique, an innovative educational instrument used in a pilot workshop on Social Control and Gender by health council members in Greater Metropolitan Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. The reliability and validity were studied based on the participants' opinions, complemented by qualitative observation of the work. There was consensus in acceptance of the technique based on "acquisition of knowledge" and the fact that it was participatory, democratic, and dynamic. The positive evaluation agrees with a previous study that interviewed municipal health secretaries, with a smaller preference of formal cognitive activities that were also part of the workshop. The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of this innovative technique in training programs, since it is accepted by different target publics, allows for designing the program contents, and is useful in relation to new and controversial issues since it favors

  15. Prevalência de transtornos mentais não-psicóticos e fatores associados em pessoas com hipertensão arterial sistêmica e/ou diabetes mellitus em Unidades de Saúde da Família em Blumenau, Santa Catarina Prevalence of non-psychotic mental disorders and associated factors in people with hypertension and/or diabetes from Family Health Units in Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de transtornos mentais não psicóticos (TMNP e fatores associados em pessoas hipertensas e/ou diabéticas oriundas de Unidades de Saúde da Família de Blumenau, Santa Catarina. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 710 usuários de Unidades da Saúde da Família de Blumenau selecionados após amostragem probabilística, estratificada e por conglomerados. Os selecionados foram submetidos a um questionário domiciliar por entrevistadores treinados e responderam questões pertinentes a características socioeconômicas, pessoais e de medicamentos. O instrumento utilizado para o rastreamento de TMNP foi o Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20. As variáveis estudadas foram submetidas à análise uni e multivariada além de outros testes estatísticos adequados a cada uma delas. Resultados: A prevalência de TMNP encontrada foi de 39,44%. Fatores associados com TMNP, após analise multivariada, foram: sexo feminino (RP= 1,50; 1,12-2,01 IC95%; pObjective: Evaluate the prevalence of non-psychotic mental disorders (NPMD and associated factors in people with hypertension and/or diabetes from family health units in Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted in Blumenau, with 710 selected users, after probability sampling, and stratified by conglomerates, from family health basic units. Those selected were submitted to a questionnaire at home by trained interviewers and answered questions about socioeconomic, personal characteristics and medicines. The instrument used to screen NPMD was the Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20. The variables were submitted to univariate and multivariate analysis and other statistical tests appropriate to each variable studied. Results: The prevalence of NPMD was 39.44%. Factors associated with NPMD after multivariate analysis were: female (RP=1.50, 1.12-2.01CI 95%, p

  16. The developmental state in Brazil: comparative and historical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BEN ROSS SCHNEIDER

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The record of successful developmental states in East Asia and the partial successes of developmental states in Latin America suggest several common preconditions for effective state intervention including a Weberian bureaucracy, monitoring of implementation, reciprocity (subsidies in exchange for performance, and collaborative relations between government and business. Although Brazil failed to develop the high technology manufacturing industry and exports that have fueled sustained growth in East Asia, its developmental state had a number of important, and often neglected, successes, especially in steel, automobiles, mining, ethanol, and aircraft manufacturing. Where Brazil's developmental state was less successful was in promoting sectors like information technology and nuclear energy, as well as overall social and regional equality. In addition, some isolated initiatives by state governments were also effective in promoting particular local segments of industry and agriculture. Comparisons with East Asia, highlight the central role of state enterprises in Brazil that in effect internalized monitoring and reciprocity and bypassed collaboration between business and government (that was overall rarer in Brazil.

  17. Analysis of the evolution of corn productivity in selected states in Brazil for the years 2001 and 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackelline Favro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the productivity of corn, for the years 2001 and 2011, the states that have higher production. The methodology used is the exploratory analysis of spatial data (ESDA to check for local and global clusters with high production efficiency in the production of this cereal. The data used were the productivity of all municipalities of Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Bahia. The data for the calculation of productivity - the amount and planted area - were collected from the Municipal Agricultural Research (PAM of IBGE. The analysis allows to observe over the years the presence of efficient clusters which contribute to additional parcels market gains this grain, which contributes to the development of agribusiness in the Brazilian economy. In this context, the study concludes that there is efficiency in production clusters with high productivity in maize crop in the states that stand out as major producers of maize in Brazil.

  18. Determination of enrichment processes and radon concentration in underground mines of fluorite and coal in Santa Catarina state: criteria for radiation risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inhalation of radon present in underground mines can imply in the deposition of its descendants in the lungs, which may cause harm to the lungs tissues and induce cancer. Concentration of radon not greater than 500 Bq/m3 in the environment of underground mines is considered to be acceptable internationally and concentrations above 1500 Bq/m3 require protective measures for the miners. The objectives of this research work are to determine the enrichment processes and the concentrations of radon in air, as well as the resulting doses due to the presence of this radionuclide in three underground mines of fluorite and three underground mines of coal in the State of Santa Catarina. The concentration of radon was measured employing two types of detectors of nuclear tracks (SSNTD), the LEXAN and the CR-39. This detection method consists in counting, with the help of a microscope, tracks resulting from the interaction of alpha particles with the film, due to the penetration of Rn-222 in the interior of the detector chamber and its decaying process. Contents of radium in collected samples of rocks, minerals and underground water were determined and compared with the corresponding radon concentration found in the underground air. It was observed that the coal mines showed low concentrations of radon, which can be explained by the low concentration of radium in rocks (sandstones and siltites in the foot wall and hang wall) and in the coal that composes the mining environment or, yet still, due to the good ventilation system. The average dose to the workers of the coal mines was estimated as 0.7 mSv/a, value inferior to the limit of 1 mSv/a established by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) for members of the public, and corresponding to a risk of fatal cancer after 50 years of work under this condition of 0.2%. On the other hand, the fluorite mines showed much higher concentrations of radon and superior to 1000 Bq/m3. The inefficiency of the ventilation system

  19. Energy system of Roraima State, Brazil; Sistema energetico de Roraima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahiense Junior, Heitor [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia

    1990-12-31

    This paper shows the organizational and functional aspects of the energy generation and distribution, as well as the economic sector structure of the Roraima state, Brazil. The aspects of season variation in water level, affecting the hydroelectric power generation, power distribution between the generation units and the inner of the state and the supply alternatives (gas power plants, oil power plants and hydroelectric plants) for the various sub-regions of this state are also shown

  20. Produtividade de cultivares de alho na região paulista de Tietê Garlic cultivars yield in Tietê region, São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Espíndola Trani

    2008-01-01

    -September 2005, in Tietê, São Paulo State, Brazil, in a randomized block design with five replications. Jonas, without differ from Santa Catarina Roxo, Santa Catarina Branco, and Assaí 3702 produced higher yields (8.4; 7.6; 7.4 and 6.9 t.ha-1 respectively and greater bulb weights (30.5; 27.0; 26.3 and 24.6 g respectively. For bulb diameter these four varieties were graded as type 4 (36-45mm, Gigante de Curitibanos was lower than Jonas concerning to yield and bulb mass.

  1. Efeito de ambiente sobre a produtividade de feijão carioca para o Estado de Santa Catarina Environmental effects for a yield carioca bean in Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiani Da Rocha

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Quinze genótipos de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. foram caracterizados quanto à adaptabilidade e estabilidade de rendimento de grãos em cinco ambientes, para cada época de semeadura (safra e safrinha, em 2006 e 2007. Foram empregados os métodos de Eberhart e Russel (1966 e Wricke e Weber (1986. Os resultados indicaram a ocorrência de forte interação genótipo x ambiente, com reflexos em apenas quatro genótipos de feijão com baixa estabilidade de rendimento de grãos quando cultivados no período recomendado para cultura (safra, principalmente em conseqüência dos valores significativos dos desvios da regressão observados. Com base nos resultados, é possível indicar os genótipos CHC 97-29 (safra, FAM 03 e CHC 97-15 (safrinha para cultivo na Região Sul do Brasil, uma vez que houve alto rendimento de grãos e insensibilidade a alterações de ambiente. Para cultivo na safra, FAM 03 deve ser recomendado aos agricultores altamente tecnificados, pois é responsivo significativamente às melhorias de ambiente quando cultivados na época recomendada para cultura.Fifteen common bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L. were evaluated as to adaptability and stability of grain yield in five environments for crop season and late crop season, during 2006 and 2007. Adaptability and stability were estimate by Eberhart and Russell (1966 and by Wricke e Weber (1986 methods. The results indicated a strong genotype x environment interaction, for four genotypes that presented in crop season, due to significant deviations of regression values. Due to high grain yield and insensitivity to environment changes the genotypes CHC 97-29 is indicated in crop season, FAM 03 and CHC 97-15 in late crop season for southern region of Brazil. FAM 03 responds significantly to good conditions in environment in recommend growing season and should be recommended to be cultivated with modern technologies.

  2. Predation by Megacerus baeri (Pic, 1934) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on seeds of Ipomoea imperati (Convolvulaceae) at Joaquina beach, Florianópolis, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Helena Picolli Romanowski; Karla Zanenga Scherer

    2005-01-01

    Bruchidae beetles are important seed predators that feed on the seeds of a large array of plants. Predation levels by the bruchid Megaceus baeri were quantified on 333 fruits of beach morning glory Ipomoea imperati (Convolvulaceae), collected at Joaquina Beach, Santa Catarina Island (27o36’S; 48o 27’W), Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The damage caused by M. baeri larva had affected 73% of the fruit collected and had killed 67% of the seeds. Among the fruits that had been predated, 76.5% had on...

  3. Prevalência de dermatófitos na rotina de micologia em hospital particular de médio porte na cidade de Chapecó, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Ana Schoeler

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo, avaliar a prevalência no diagnóstico de dermatófitos durante o período de janeiro de 2007 à junho de 2008 no setor de micologia em hospital particular de médio porte, na cidade de Chapecó, oeste do estado de Santa Catarina. Foram coletadas 111 amostras, das quais 66 (59% apresentaram positividade pelo exame direto e cultivo da amostra biológica. Trichophyton mentagrophytes foi o fungo isolado com maior freqüência (52%, seguido pelo dermatófito T. rubrum (17%, em contrapartida dos dados literários no sul do Brasil, que preconizam T. rubrum, seguido de Microsporum canis e do T. mentagrophytes como agentes mais comumente isolados. Considerando os sítios anatômicos analisados neste trabalho, a ocorrência foi observada em 47% em amostras de unha, 43% de pele, 7% outros e 3% mistos (pele/unha. Esse estudo evidencia a importância da recorrente análise do perfil epidemiológico dos dermatófitos nas diferentes regiões do Brasil, possibilitando uma correta conduta epidemiológica de prevenção, baseada na freqüência regional das espécies causadoras das dermatomicoses. Palavras-chave: Dermatófitos. Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Santa Catarina. ABSTRACT Prevalence of dermatophyte species in routine mycological tests at a private medium-sized hospital in Chapecó city, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dermatophytes diagnosed, from January 2007 to June 2008, at the clinical mycology section of a private medium-sized hospital, in Chapecó city (Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Out of the 111 samples collected, 66 (59% gave positive results in the direct examination and culture of the biological sample. Trichophyton mentagrophytes was the most frequently isolated species (52%, followed by T. rubrum (17%, contradicting the published data on southern Brazil, which identify T. rubrum as the commonest agent in clinical specimens, followed by Microsporum canis

  4. Satisfação com o atendimento odontológico: estudo qualitativo com mães de crianças atendidas na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Satisfaction with dental care: qualitative study of the mothers of children treated at the Santa Catarina Federal University, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Carolina Couto Robles; Suely Grosseman; Vera Lúcia Bosco

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa objetivou conhecer a percepção de mães em relação ao atendimento odontológico prestado em clínicas de odontopediatria da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), bem como sua concepção sobre como seria o dentista "ideal". O método utilizado foi o qualitativo, tipo estudo de caso. A coleta de dados foi feita através de entrevista semi-estruturada e a população estudada constituiu-se de sete mães de crianças atendidas em clínicas de odontopediatria da UFSC. Observou-se que, ...

  5. Ictiofauna associada a um cultivo de mexilhão Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758) Norte Catarinense, Sul do Brasil = Ichthyofauna associated with a culture of mussel Perna perna in Northern Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Matheus Oliveira Freitas; Rafael Velastin

    2010-01-01

    Durante os meses de outubro de 2004 e setembro de 2005, foram realizadas coletas para identificação da ictiofauna associada a um cultivo de mexilhão Perna perna, no município de São Francisco do Sul, Estado de Santa Catarina. Foi coletado o total de 511 peixes correspondentes a sete espécies e seis famílias (Blenniidae, Gobiidae, Labrisomidae, Serranidae, Gobiesocidae e Monacanthidae); as espécies Hypleurochilus fissicornis, Bathygobius soporator e Gobiesox strumosus foram as mais abundantes....

  6. 78 FR 32239 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States-Brazil CEO Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States- Brazil CEO Forum... 2007, the Governments of the United States and Brazil established the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum. This... representatives to the U.S. Section of the Forum. The term of the current representatives to the U.S. Section...

  7. 76 FR 12337 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States-Brazil CEO Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States- Brazil CEO Forum... 2007, the Governments of the United States and Brazil established the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum. This... of the Forum. The current U.S. Section term will expire on June 11, 2011. DATES: Applications...

  8. 76 FR 17391 - Applications for New Awards; United States-Brazil Higher Education Consortia Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... Applications for New Awards; United States-Brazil Higher Education Consortia Program AGENCY: Office of... Postsecondary Education (FIPSE)--Special Focus Competition: United States (U.S.)- Brazil Higher Education... institution of higher education (IHE) in another country in Latin America (in addition to Brazil) to create...

  9. Avaliação do jundiá (Rhamdia quelen em diferentes sistemas de cultivo para a região do litoral centro norte de Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilton Amaral Junior

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El bagre (Rhamdia quelen, un pez nativo habitante de la mayoría de los ríos, lagos y lagunas de Santa Catarina, y que pertenecen a la orden Siluriformes, familia Pimelodidae, género Rhandia. El estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar el desempeño de este pez nativo en los sistemas más utilizados en Santa Catarina. El experimento se llevó a cabo en el ámbito del Campo Experimental de Piscicultura de Camboriú CEPC-EPAGRI, cuando 11 tanques excavados fueron utilizados, tres en representación de un monocultivo de bagre con una densidad de 1,5 p/m2, tres en representación de un bicultivo de bagre y tilapia con una densidad de 3p/m2, tres en representación de un policultivo de la carpa, tilapia y "jundiás" con una densidad de 3p/m2, y en dos tanques excavados fueron instalados seis tanques redes, en representación de las culturas de alta densidad de 50 y 100 p/m3.

  10. New records of bryophytes for Pernambuco State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Pôrto, Kátia Cavalcanti; Germano, Shirley Rangel; de Oliveira, Sylvia Mota

    2000-01-01

    The known geographical distribution of 12 bryophyte species is extended by confirmation of their presence in the state of Pernambuco. Leptoscyphus porphyrius (Nees) Grolle, Harpalejeunea uncinata Steph., Chryso-hypnum diminutivum (Hampe) Buck and Porotrichum korthalsianum (Dozy & Molk.) Mitt. are new to northeastern Brazil. The material studied was collected in remnants of Atlantic Forest situated at altitudes of 100-1.100m. The principal taxonomic characteristics are cited, with ecological a...

  11. Characteristics of Contraceptive Use in Sao Paulo State, Brazil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Elisabeth Meloni Vieira; Rita Badiani; Amaury Léis Dal Fabbro; Antonio Luiz Rodrigues Junior

    2006-01-01

    Objective To know the characteristics of contraceptive use in Sao Paulo State collected by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in 1996.Methods Data of Sao Paulo in 1996 were analyzed compared with the previous DHS carried on in 1986focusing on Sao Paulo State. Contraceptive use among married or cohabiting women by age, number of children and schooling was closely examined.Age and timing of female sterilization were also analyzed.Results The results showed that unlike Brazil there was a stability of female sterilization in Sao Paulo State during 1986 and 1996. There was a pattern in Sao Paulo: up to 30years old the pill was the most used contraceptive, after 30 there was a predominance of female sterilization, which increased with the number of children and decreased with schooling. The use of male methods had also increased in the 1986 and 1996period, being greater in Sao Paulo than in Brazil. Sao Paulo also presented more diversity in the use of reversible contraceptives.Conclusions The predominant two contraceptive methods in Brazil and Sao Paulo changed from 1986 to 1996, I.e. From pill to female sterilization.

  12. Registro de Acromyrmex disciger Mayr, 1887 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae em Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Lauraceae no Município de Braço do Trombudo, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Pikart

    2010-11-01

    Abstract. Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae is cultivated for production of leaves, bark and roots, due to its aromatic and spice proprieties. But despite being a resistant plant, C. zeylanicum is subject to attack by various insects and mites during their development, and these pests are responsible for considerable reduction in crop yields. The aim of this study was to record and characterize the attack by leaf-cutting ants in plants of C. zeylanicum in Braço do Trombudo, Santa Catarina State, Brazil between January and March 2010. Damage were characterized by cutting young leaves and shoots of plants of C. zeylanicum with height between 1.0 to 1.5 m and total defoliation of plants less than 1.0 m. The attack in adult plants was not observed. This is the first record of leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex disciger Mayr damaging plants of C. zeylanicum in Brazil.

  13. Aspectos biológicos e pesqueiros de Paralonchurus brasiliensis Steindachner, (Pisces, Sciaenidae, na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina, Brasil Biological and fishing aspects of Paralonchurus brasiliensis Steindachner, (Pisces, Sciaenidae, in the Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da abundância de Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875 na ictiofauna acompanhante do camarão sete-barbas, apresenta baixo valor comercial sendo freqüentemente descartada. Esse trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar informações básicas sobre a biologia e pesca de P. brasiliensis na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina. As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente durante o período de agosto 1996 a julho 2003, em três áreas tradicionais de atuação da pesca artesanal. A espécie apresentou crescimento alométrico positivo, com uma razão sexual de 1:2,1 entre machos e fêmeas, e tamanho de primeira maturação em 14,8 cm e 15,0 cm. P. brasiliensis apresentou amplo espectro trófico composto por 27 itens, sendo que, a partir da primavera ocorreu um incremento gradual na ingestão de alimento até o verão, seguido de queda abrupta no outono e de pequena recuperação no inverno. Apesar das flutuações sazonais ao longo dos sete anos, essa espécie ocupou a segunda posição em número e biomassa entre as integrantes da ictiofauna acompanhante.Due to abundance of P. brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875 in ictiofauna of the sea-bob-shrimp's bycatch, it presents low commercial value and frequently being discarded. This work aims to present basic information on biology and fisheries of P. brasiliensis in the Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina. The collections were carried out monthly during the period of August 1996 to July 2003, in three traditional areas of performance of artisan fisheries. The species presented positive alometric growth, with a sexual ratio of 1:2,1 between males and females, and the size of first maturation in 14,8 cm and 15,0 cm. P. brasiliensis presented a great trophy specter composed by 27 items, being that, from the spring a gradual increment in the food ingestion occurred until the summer, followed of abrupt fall in the autumn and small recovery in the winter. Despite of the seasonal

  14. Satisfação com o atendimento odontológico: estudo qualitativo com mães de crianças atendidas na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Satisfaction with dental care: qualitative study of the mothers of children treated at the Santa Catarina Federal University, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Couto Robles

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa objetivou conhecer a percepção de mães em relação ao atendimento odontológico prestado em clínicas de odontopediatria da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC, bem como sua concepção sobre como seria o dentista "ideal". O método utilizado foi o qualitativo, tipo estudo de caso. A coleta de dados foi feita através de entrevista semi-estruturada e a população estudada constituiu-se de sete mães de crianças atendidas em clínicas de odontopediatria da UFSC. Observou-se que, para as mães entrevistadas, o dentista ideal deveria reunir habilidades afetivas, psicomotoras e cognitivas, tais como: gostar do que faz, ser atencioso e amigável, fornecer informações claras sobre saúde bucal, resolver os problemas bucais do paciente e manter-se atualizado. Os aspectos interpessoais foram fundamentais para a satisfação com o atendimento na universidade, além da capacidade técnica dos alunos e a facilidade para conseguir uma vaga no serviço de odontopediatria. Sugere-se maior entendimento, por parte dos profissionais, dos aspectos que envolvem a relação dentista-paciente, de maneira a associar fatores afetivos aos cognitivos e psicomotores no dia-a dia da prática odontológica.This survey examines perceptions among mothers of the treatment provided through pediatric dentistry clinic at the Santa Catarina Federal University and their concept of the 'ideal' dentist, using the qualitative (case study method. Collected through semi-structured interviews with seven mothers of children treated at this pediatric dentistry clinic, the data showed that these mothers felt the 'ideal' dentist should blend affective, psychomotor and cognitive abilities: enjoying his work; being attentive and friendly; providing clear information about oral health; resolving oral problems presented by patients; and keeping up-to-date. Interpersonal aspects were crucial factors for satisfaction with the treatment provided at the University, in

  15. MANGROVE OCUPATTION AND ITS RELATION WITH HEALTH CHARACTERISTIC’S OF THE VILA CUBATÃO DISCTRICT INHABITANTS, IN JOINVILLE CITY, SANTA CATARINA STATE = RELAÇÃO DA OCUPAÇÃO DO MANGUEZAL COM ASPECTOS DE SAÚDE DA POPULAÇÃO DO BAIRRO VILA CUBATÃO, JOINVILLE, SC

    OpenAIRE

    Glaucia Baccaro Bertoli; Cladir Teresinha Zanotelli

    2009-01-01

    This study it had as objective the characterization of the mangrove ecosystem occupation and their relation to the prevalent diseases in the inhabitants registered at the Family Medical Unit (FMU) in Joinville City, Santa Catarina State. This area is located within the Atlantic Forest biome. It is one of the latest mangrove continuous areas extant in the South’ country. The data regarding to the anthropic activities, as well as the health data of the inhabitants were obtained through the anal...

  16. Avaliando a contaminação por elementos traço em atividades de maricultura: resultados parciais de um estudo de caso realizado na ilha de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Curtius Adilson J.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Adopting the perspective of human health risk assessment, an interdisciplinary research group has been investigating since 1998 the quality of mussels and oysters cultivated in coastal zones of Santa Catarina State. Evaluation of physico-chemical parameters considered relevant in measuring the degree of eutrophication showed values compatible with the dynamics of well balanced environmental systems. Concentrations of metallic and semi-metallic elements in seawater and bivalves were found to be similar to or lower than those found in Chile, Greenland and the USA. Further investigations focusing upon sediments will provide new and useful data for the management of sustainable mariculture strategies in Brazil.

  17. The invasive spotted-wing Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) has been found in the city of São Paulo (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Ribeiro Vilela; Lyria Mori

    2014-01-01

    The invasive spotted-wing Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) has been found in the city of São Paulo (Brazil). Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931), the cherry fly or spotted-wing Drosophila, a pest species from the Oriental and southeastern Palaearctic regions belonging to the melanogaster group, invaded the Nearctic and western countries of the Palaearctic regions late last decade (2008) and, more recently (2013), the southern Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. Early...

  18. Situated knowledge and biodiversity: tensions between organic smallholders from Southern Brazil and the international intellectual property regime

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme Francisco Waterloo Radomsky

    2013-01-01

    The article approaches knowledges and biodiversity maintenance among ecological farmers in the west of Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The intellectual property rights have had direct effects onseed production. Between patents and other systems of control, family farmers deny treating life as a «resource». This paper has adouble aim: firstly, to analyze the intellectual property international panorama over biodiversity and knowledge; secondly, to examine practices of organic smallholders engage...

  19. Efeito do monocultivo de Pinus e da queima do campo nativo em atributos biológicos do solo no Planalto Sul Catarinense Effects of native pasture burning and Pinus monoculture on changes in soil biological attributes on the Southern Plateau of Santa Catarina - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilmar Baretta

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou avaliar o impacto da queima tradicional de campo nativo e do monocultivo de Pinus sp. em Lages (SC, no CO total do solo (COT, carbono da biomassa microbiana (CBM, respiração basal (C-CO2, quociente metabólico microbiano (qCO2 e relação CBM:COT. Foram selecionadas quatro áreas representativas da região, de 0,5 ha cada, sendo: (a Campo nativo, sem queima nos últimos 50 anos (CN; (b Campo nativo submetido à queima tradicional (CNQ, ambas, pastagens naturais; (c Mata natural com predominância de Araucaria angustifolia (MATA; e (d Reflorestamento de Pinus taeda com oito anos (PINUS. Para tanto, coletaram-se seis amostras, compostas de nove subamostras de solo em cada área, na profundidade de 0-5 cm, em dezembro de 2002. Para avaliar o CBM, foi utilizado o método da fumigação-extração. O C-CO2 foi determinado em laboratório. Os maiores valores de liberação de C-CO2 foram encontrados na MATA e no PINUS, seguidos de CNQ e CN, respectivamente. Os maiores valores de CBM, COT e relação CBM:COT foram encontrados na MATA, não tendo as demais áreas estudadas apresentado diferenças entre si. O qCO2 foi maior no PINUS, seguido de CNQ, em comparação com MATA e CN. A análise multivariada mostrou ser uma ferramenta auxiliar importante ao discriminar o CBM como sendo o atributo que mais contribuiu na separação entre as áreas estudadas.The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of burning native pastures and of cultivating Pinus sp in monoculture in Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Total organic carbon (TOC, microbial biomass carbon (MBC, microbial basal respiration (C-CO2, the microbial metabolic quotient (qCO2, and the ratio MBC/TOC were analyzed. Four representative areas of the region with 0.5 ha each were selected: (a native pasture without burning for at least 50 years (NP; (b native pasture burnt off every year (NPF; (c natural forest (NF with predominance of Araucaria angustifolia

  20. Brazil, the United States, and the missile technology control regime

    OpenAIRE

    Tollefson, Scott D.

    1990-01-01

    This technical report analyzes Brazil's development of ballistic missiles in light of U.S. pressures to stifle that development. The first section describes and critiques the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR); the second analyzes the U.S. application of MTCR guidelines toward Brazil; the third assesses Brazil's ballistic missile capabilities; and the fourth considers Brazil's response. The report concludes that the U.S. policy of restricting space and missile technology to Brazil under...

  1. BRYOPHYTES NEW RECORDS FOR MATO GROSSO STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Antunes de Moura

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study, a pioneer in the region, is part of the bryoflora survey municipalities of Baron Melgaço, Cuiabá and Chapada dos Guimarães, located in the southern region of Mato Grosso, Brazil. All materials were collected as viewed Yano (1984. In the herbarium of Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT, the materials were compared with the species already identified in its different taxa. In this article, nine species are cited are presented for the first time for the state of Mato Grosso: Calymperes platyloma, Campylopus savannarum, C. surinamensis, Fabronia macroblepharis, Hyophyla involuta, Sematophyllum adnatum, S. demissum, Racopilum tomentosum and Vesicularia vesicularis. The results showed the high occurrence of species collected as first quote for the state of Mato Grosso, whereas sparse samples were collected in three municipalities of the state, demonstrating the wealth of species in the region. Keywords: bryophytes; liver; new records.

  2. Grãos de pólen de angiospermas do Holoceno (7908±30 anos AP-atual da Planície Costeira sul-catarinense, Brasil Catalogue of angiosperm pollen from Holocene sediments of the Coastal Plain, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rodrigues Cancelli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta as descrições palinotaxonômicas, a partir da análise palinológica de sedimentos de duas seções turfáceas na Planície Costeira sul do estado de Santa Catarina, nos municípios de Santa Rosa do Sul e São João do Sul. Uma amostra da porção basal dos testemunhos foi datada em (14C em 7908±33 anos AP para Santa Rosa do Sul e 7817±41 anos AP para São João do Sul, ambos referente ao Holoceno inferior. Foram descritos 62 tipos de grãos de pólen relacionados a 49 famílias de angiospermas atuais, que expressam diferentes habitats e hábitos ecológicos. O presente trabalho juntamente com a primeira parte, que trata das descrições palinotaxonômicas de fungos, criptógamas e outros palinomorfos recuperados de sedimentos, contribui com o reconhecimento da vegetação que abrigava a Planície Costeira sul-catarinense, durante o Holoceno. As análises palinotaxonômicas constituem a base das interpretações paleoambientais e paleoclimáticas neste setor da costa brasileira.This paper presents palinotaxonomic descriptions, from a pollen analysis of sediments from two cores taken from the southern Coastal Plain of Santa Catarina State (in the municipalities of Santa Rosa do Sul and São João do Sul. A basal sample from the Santa Rosa do Sul and São João do Sul had a 14C age of 7908±33 and 7817±41 yr BP for the Lower Holocene, respectively. Sixty-two types of pollen grains were described from 49 angiosperm families, which are associated with different habitats and ecological habits. This work is published in association with Part I, which comprises palinotaxonomic descriptions of fungi, cryptogams and other palynomorphs recovered from the sediments, and contributes to the identification of vegetation that occurred on the Coastal Plain of southern Santa Catarina during the Holocene. Palinotaxonomic analyses form the basis of paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental interpretations in this region of the Brazilian

  3. Divergent profile of emerging cutaneous leishmaniasis in subtropical Brazil: new endemic areas in the southern frontier.

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    Mariel Asbury Marlow

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although known to be highly endemic in the Amazon regions of Brazil, the presence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL in the subtropical southern part of the country has largely been ignored. This study was conducted to demonstrate CL is emerging in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, as well as to characterize the epidemiological profile and Leishmania species involved. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: For this cross-sectional study, data from all CL cases from Santa Catarina, Brazil, reported to the Brazilian National Notifiable Diseases Information System from 2001 to 2009 were investigated. Amplification of the kDNA minicircle conserved region followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP was conducted to screen for Leishmania species present in patient biopsy. Overall, 542 CL cases were reported, with majority resulting from autochthonous transmission (n = 401, 73.99% and occurring in urban zones (n = 422, 77.86%. Age, gender, zone of residence, origin of case, clinical form and case outcome were found to differ significantly by region. Imported cases were over seven times more likely to relapse (95% CI 2.56-21.09. Mapping of cases revealed new endemic areas in northeastern Santa Catarina with two species present. With the exception of three L. (Leishmania amazonensis cases (1.20%, majority of PCR positive samples were found to be L. (Viannia braziliensis (n = 248, 98.80%. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: CL is now endemic in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, with case profiles varying significantly by region. L. (V. braziliensis has been identified as the predominant species in the region.

  4. Dados ecológicos dos quirópteros da Reserva Volta Velha, Itapoá, Santa Catarina, Brasil Ecological data of Chiroptera from Reserva Volta Velha, Itapoá, Santa Cantarina, Brazil

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    Elenise A. Bastos Sipinski

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available A study on the ecology of Chiroptera was made at the Reserve of Volta Velha on the Northern coast of Santa Catarina. This study aimed at knowing the frequency of the individuals colleeted in each season, part of their feeding diet and their time of activity as well as their breeding activity. The investigation was carried out from March, 1990 to February, 1991 by means of periodical captures which ocurred during four days each month totalizing 144 hours of net use. One hundred and thirty-five individuals belonging to 15 different species were caught. Sturnira lilium (Geoffroy, 1810, Artibeus lituratus (Olfers, 1818 and Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821 were captured in the highest number throughout the seasons of the year. Fruit-eating bats confirm their feeding preference for Cecropiaceae, Solanaceae. Myrtaceae and Piperaceae. The births occurred mostly in seasons other than the dry. Around 1:15 hours after sunset was the time when the highest numher of individuals were collected in the nets.

  5. Intrahospital spread of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a University Hospital in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil Disseminação Intrahospitalar de Pseudomonas aeruginosa em Hospital Universitário de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Mara Cristina Scheffer; Maria Luiza Bazzo; Mario Steindel; Ana Lucia Darini; Eduardo Clímaco; Libera Maria Dalla-Costa

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) has been isolated with increasing frequency in Brazilian hospitals. Since June 2003, its detection in a teaching hospital in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil, has increased. This study aimed to investigate the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), presence of Metallo-β-lactamase (MβL) and a possible clonal relationship among the isolates. METHODS: The study included 29 CRPA and seven isolates with reduced susceptibi...

  6. Estudo do crescimento relativo de Austinixa patagoniensis (Rathbun (Decapoda, Pinnotheridae simbionte de Callichirus major (Say (Decapoda, Callianassidae no mesolitoral da praia de Balneário Camboriú, Santa Catarina, Brasil Relative growth of Austinixa patagoniensis (Rathbun (Decapoda, Pinnotheridae, a symbiotic crab of Callichirus major (Say (Decapoda, Callianassidae on the midlittoral of Balneário Camboriú beach, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Eliana dos S. Alves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available O crescimento relativo de Austinixa patagoniensis (Rathbun, 1918, simbionte do callianassídeo Callichirus major (Say, 1818 na praia de Balneário Camboriú, Santa Catarina (26º59'S, 48º39'W, foi estudado separadamente para 119 juvenis, 228 machos e 249 fêmeas. O método funcional de regressão foi utilizado para o estudo das seguintes variáveis: largura e comprimento da carapaça, largura máxima do abdome, altura máxima do própodo do quelípodo, comprimento inferior e superior total do própodo do quelípodo. A largura da carapaça (LC foi adotada como medida de referência. Com exceção da altura do própodo do quelípodo de juvenis e do comprimento superior do própodo do quelípodo de fêmeas, que cresceram segundo o modelo linear, as demais variáveis estudadas foram melhor descritas pelo modelo potencial. A análise do crescimento relativo de A. patagoniensis permitiu observar que as diversas alterações morfológicas processadas ao longo da ontogenia desta espécie encontram-se relacionadas com fins reprodutivos. A presença de pontos de transição no crescimento da quela e do abdome, permitiu estimar o tamanho de maturação sexual de A. patagoniensis na praia de Balneário Camboriú em 7,8-7,9 mm e 7,9-8,3 mm (LC para machos e fêmeas, respectivamente. Valores praticamente idênticos foram encontrados para a mesma espécie na praia do Cassino, Rio Grande do Sul (32°13'S, 52°15'W, onde A. patagoniensis está associada ao também callianassídeo Sergio mirim (Rodrigues, 1971. Dessa forma, sugere-se que o tamanho de maturação da espécie não varia entre hospedeiros e no intervalo latitudinal analisado, apesar de terem sido detectadas diferenças no tamanho máximo atingido pelos organismos, assim como na sua fecundidade e no comportamento reprodutivo.The relative growth of Austinixa patagoniensis (Rathbun, 1918, a symbiotic crab inhabiting burrows of the callianassid shrimp Callichirus major (Say, 1818 in Balneário Cambori

  7. VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN PETROLINA, STATE OFPERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, 2007-2013

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    Andreina de Carvalho ARAUJO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease of great public health relevance in Brazil. The municipality of Petrolina is an endemic area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This study was designed to assess the recent expansion of VL in the municipality ofPetrolina, Pernambuco. Patients data were obtained from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN. A total of 111 records from 2007 to 2013 were investigated, of which 69 were residents in Petrolina. The disease has predominantly affected 1-4 year old children (34.8%. Most of the patients were males (59.4%. Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus occurred in 14.5% of the cases. The criterion most frequently used was the clinical and epidemiological confirmation (59.4%, with clinical cure in 78.3% of cases and one fatal outcome. Visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in Petrolina with transmission levels varying from moderate to high. The present study has shown the precariousness of the use of diagnostic tests in primary healthcare units, and this misuse has interfered with the diagnosis and treatment of cases.

  8. VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN PETROLINA, STATE OFPERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, 2007-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Andreina de Carvalho; Gonçalves, Nara Nagle Vieira Matos; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Ferreira, Fernando; Horta, Mauricio Claudio

    2016-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease of great public health relevance in Brazil. The municipality of Petrolina is an endemic area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This study was designed to assess the recent expansion of VL in the municipality of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Patients data were obtained from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). A total of 111 records from 2007 to 2013 were investigated, of which 69 were residents in Petrolina. The disease has predominantly affected 1-4 year old children (34.8%). Most of the patients were males (59.4%). Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus occurred in 14.5% of the cases. The criterion most frequently used was the clinical and epidemiological confirmation (59.4%), with clinical cure in 78.3% of cases and one fatal outcome. Visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in Petrolina with transmission levels varying from moderate to high. The present study has shown the precariousness of the use of diagnostic tests in primary healthcare units, and this misuse has interfered with the diagnosis and treatment of cases. PMID:27074323

  9. Comunidade de abelhas nativas (Apidae em Floresta Ombrófila Densa Montana em Santa Catarina Community of native bees (Apidae in a tropical rain forest mountain area in Santa Catarina

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    Denise M.D.S. Mouga

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the bee community and their associated melliferous plants in the northern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil in order to ascertain the diversity and floral interactions of the local Apidae. Twelve samplings were conducted (April 2006 to March 2007 in transects, where nets were used to capture bees directly from their flowers. Voucher specimens for both bees and plants were deposited at UNIVILLE. Diversity and equitability indexes were calculated. Our sampling effort resulted in a total of 934 bees in 72 genera and five families. Forty-four plant species belonging to 19 families were visited. A dominant family in Southern Brazil, Asteraceae, was visited most often (50% of the taxa. Nearly 20% of the plants were visited by only one bee species. Meliponina, Ceratinina and Halictinae were prevalent. The diversity of the apifauna composition (Apinae followed by Halictinae is typical for southern environments, with few abundant species and many singletons. The variation found for the equitability indexes revealed low intertaxa dominance, diversity oscillation and interspecies relative equilibrium. Values of richness and abundance indicate a transitional distribution pattern (subtropical to temperate. Rare taxa, the presence of new records for the state, and the collector's slope indicate an estimated greater richness.

  10. Cesium-137 accident lessons in Goiania, Goias State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document relates the experience obtained by several professionals which had an important role in the cesium-137 accident occurred in Goiania, Goias State, Brazil in September, 1987. It's divided into chapters, according to the action area - medical, nursing, social assistance, odontological and psychological. At first, some notions of radioprotection are explained, followed by the accident history and by the doctors and nurses action during the emergency phase and the medical, odontological, social and psychological assistance to the victims. The social assistance report shows some statistical data about the economic, occupational and social conditions of the accident victims. It is shown some information about the health institutions and the sanitary care in the ionizing radiation and about the occupational radiological protection in Goiania

  11. Heavy metals in environmental studies in Minas Gerais State - Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Intense mining activities in Minas Gerais State - Brazil bring out tons of waste to the environment. Considerable concentration of toxic elements penetrate the soil, ground waters and rivers. This endangers the environment quality not only in the surrounding areas but also occurs in ichthyofauna and in more distant areas of cattle raising and agricultural activities. After seasonal floods, veterinary clinic studies have shown that most animals raised in this region are affected by symptomatologic nervous diseases, still not clearly diagnosed, that suggests intoxication. These pathologies are mostly noted after floods. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis - INAA was applied to determine major and trace elements in environmental samples. The obtained results show that the contaminated water and sediment with heavy metals and toxic elements from the Das Velhas River upstream basin, the mining region, carry contamination to the ichthyofauna and farming region within a distance of approximately 400 km. (author)

  12. Distribution of Cs137 in soils from Bahia state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry method was developed in order to study the distribution of Cs137 in topsoils of State of Bahia (Brazil). The results has shown concentrations varying between 0.6 and 6.0 nCi/m2. Correlation of the Cs137 concentration with environmental and ohysico-chemical parameters has shown a tendency for greatest accumulation in soils with regions of greatest precipitation rates: 2.0 nCi/m2, on the average, for regions with 700mm to 1,000 mm/year and 2.8 nCi/m2, on the average, in regions with 1,700 mm to 2,000 mm/year. On the other hand, an anti-correlation between this radionuclide and both calcium and clay content, for soils of similar type and under similar climatic conditions is seen. (C.D.G.)

  13. Temporal distribution of tuberculosis in the State of Amazonas, Brazil

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    Marlucia da Silva Garrido

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB is one of the infectious diseases that contributes most to the morbidity and mortality of millions of people worldwide. Brazil is one of 22 countries that accounts for 80% of the tuberculosis global burden. The highest incidence rates in Brazil occur in the States of Amazonas and Rio de Janeiro. The aim of this study was to describe the temporal distribution of TB in the State of Amazonas. Between 2001 and 2011, 28,198 cases of tuberculosis were reported in Amazonas, distributed among 62 municipalities, with the capital Manaus reporting the highest (68.7% concentration of cases. Tuberculosis was more prevalent among males (59.3% aged 15 to 34 years old (45.5%, whose race/color was predominantly pardo (64.7% and who had pulmonary TB (84.3%. During this period, 81 cases of multidrug-resistant TB were registered, of which the highest concentration was reported from 2008 onward (p = 0.002. The municipalities with the largest numbers of indigenous individuals affected were São Gabriel da Cachoeira (93%, Itamarati (78.1%, and Santa Isabel do Rio Negro (70.1%. The future outlook for this region includes strengthening the TB control at the primary care level, by expanding diagnostic capabilities, access to treatment, research projects developed in collaboration with the Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado Tropical Medicine Foundation .;Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado (FMT-HVD.; and financing institutions, such as the project for the expansion of the Clinical Research Center and the creation of a hospital ward for individuals with transmissible respiratory diseases, including TB.

  14. Physical activity indicators in adults from a state capital in the South of Brazil: a comparison between telephone and face-to-face surveys

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    Giovâni Firpo Del Duca

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare estimates of prevalence of physical activity indicators and associated sociodemographic factors obtained from telephone and face-to-face interviews with adults. Data from a cross-sectional populationbased survey of adults living in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil was compared to data collected through the telephonic system VIGITEL. There was no significant difference between the results from telephone interviews (n = 1,475 and face-to-face interviews (n = 1,720 with respect to prevalence of sufficient leisure time physical activity (19.3% versus 15.5%, respectively, sufficient leisure time and/or commuting physical activity (35.1% versus 29.1%, respectively and physical inactivity (16.2% versus 12.6%, respectively. Some differences were observed with respect to the sociodemographic factors associated with leisure time and/or commuting physical activity and physical inactivity. The two techniques yielded generally similar results with respect to prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated to physical activity indicators.

  15. The life cycle of Bucephalus margaritae Ozaki & Ishibashi, 1934 (Digenea, Bucephalidae) from the coast of Santa Catarina State, Brazil = O ciclo de vida de Bucephalus margaritae Ozaki e Ishibashi, 1934 (Digenea, Bucephalidae) da costa do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia da Costa Marchiori; Aimê Rachel Magenta Magalhães; Joaber Pereira Junior

    2010-01-01

    The orange disease is considered the main parasitosis in Perna perna mussel. It is caused by a complex life cycle bucephalid, involving three hosts, among them mollusks and fishes. With the aim of contributing to the knowledge of orange disease in mussel culture, the parasite life cycle was investigated. Experimental studies and monthly samples in the study area allowed the identification and characterization of the Bucephalus margaritae life cycle. Larvae and adults of B. margaritae were fix...

  16. Plantas medicinais de um remascente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana, Urupema, Santa Catarina, Brasil Medicinal plants in a remnant of High Montane Araucaria Moist Forest, Urupema Municipality, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    D. Martins-Ramos; R.L.C. Bortoluzzi; Mantovani, A

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar dados químicos, biológicos e etnobotânicos na literatura científica de espécies medicinais de um remanescente de Floresta Ombrófila Mista Altomontana. A base para este estudo foi um levantamento florístico realizado na Fazenda das Nascentes, Urupema-SC entre agosto de 2007 e setembro de 2008. A partir da lista de espécies que resultou deste levantamento, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o potencial medicinal das espécies inventariadas. Para...

  17. Ocorrência de Salmonella e coliformes de origem fecal na canela em pó (Cinnamomum cassia Blume a Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees comercializada em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Salmonella and fecal coliforms in cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia Blume and Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees sold in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Jane Maria de S. Philippi

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Cem amostras de canela em pó de dez marcas diferentes comercializadas na cidade de Florianópolis, SC, foram submetidas à análise microbiológica, pesquisando-se Salmonella e coliformes de origem fecal. Em nenhuma amostra foi detectada Salmonella. Coliformes de origem fecal foram encontrados entre os valores The microbiological quality of a hundred samples of ten differents commercial brands of a ground cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia Blume and Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees from supermarkets in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil, was assessed. Salmonella and fecal coliforms were determined. Results were negative for Salmonella Fecal coliforms values ranged from 100 MPN per g. Fecal coliforms were detected in 37% of the cinnamon samples.

  18. Fugas e quilombos na Ilha de Santa Catarina, século XIX

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    Martha Rebelatto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with runaway slaves in the Island of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, during the nineteenth century. The study is based on the analysis of newspaper ads reporting runaways, on the correspondence between the president of the Province of Santa Catarina and police and judicial authorities, as well as on judicial processes involving runaway slaves. We can identify an important network among slaves and between slaves and other groups in the population. The decision to run away was based on an analysis of the advantages and difficulties that the slave endured in captivity and those that he/she would find after escaping. Understanding the thought processes that led to these decisions requires a comprehension of interpersonal relations, of the specific conditions of the individual's captivity and of the surrounding society.

  19. Vestibular seriado: análise de uma experiência em Santa Catarina College entrance exams in series: analysis of an experiment in Santa Catarina

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    Ana Maria Silveira Schlichting

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O Sistema de Avaliação do Ensino Médio (SAEM, instaurado pela Associação Catarinense das Fundações Educacionais (ACAFE, tem como um de seus objetivos disponibilizar uma proposta alternativa para selecionar candidatos à universidade. Por meio deste artigo, que sintetiza e analisa parte de uma pesquisa da qual resultou uma dissertação de mestrado, procuraremos contribuir para que esta experiência desencadeada em Santa Catarina seja incorporada à agenda de discussões que atualmente cercam o acesso ao ensino superior no Brasil, fazendo uma interface com o debate no contexto da Psicologia Social e da Orientação Profissional (OP. Para tanto, partimos de uma contextualização do SAEM, abordando brevemente sua gênese e seus congêneres para, em seguida, visualizá-lo como: fonte de informação; pré-vestibular; ritual de passagem e/ou barreira ritualizada; meio ou não de escolha profissional; estratégia de seletividade social e escolar e meio de democratização do ensino. À guisa de conclusão, levantamos alguns questionamentos e apontamos algumas saídas no contexto do tema intervenções na educação, onde o vestibular seriado pode ser visto como uma estratégia de que dispõe o ensino público, para melhor instrumentalizar os alunos com vistas à sua inserção em diversas instâncias da vida social.One of the objectives of the High School Evaluation System (SAEM established by the Santa Catarina Association of Educational Foundations (ACAFE is to present an alternative proposal to select college students. This article, which synthesizes and analyzes part of a study that resulted in a Masters dissertation, seeks to make this experiment undertaken in Santa Catarina State a contribution to current discussions about access to higher education in Brazil. The paper analyzes the debate in the context of Social Psychology and Professional Guidance. To do so, it places SAEM in context, briefly considering its genesis and its congeners

  20. PKU in Minas Gerais State, Brazil: mutation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, L L; Castro-Magalhães, M; Fonseca, C G; Starling, A L P; Januário, J N; Aguiar, M J B; Carvalho, M R S

    2008-11-01

    This work was undertaken in order to ascertain the PKU mutational spectrum in Minas Gerais, Brazil, the relative frequency of the mutations in the State and the origin of these mutations by haplotype determination. Minas Gerais is a trihybrid population formed by miscegenation from Europeans, Africans and Amerindians. All 13 exons of the PAH gene from 78 PKU patients were analyzed, including splicing sites and the promoter region. We identified 30 different mutations and 98% of the PAH alleles were established. A new mutation (Q267X) was identified as well. The most common mutations found were V388M (21.2), R261Q (16.0%), IVS10-11G>A (15.3%), I65T (5.8%), IVS2+5G>C (5.8%), R252W (5.1%), IVS2+5G>A (4.5%), P281L (3.8%) and L348V (3.2%). These nine mutations correspond to 80% of the PKU alleles in the state. Haplotypes were determined to characterize the origin of the PAH alleles. The majority of the mutations found, with respective haplotypes, are frequent in the Iberian Peninsula. However, there were some mutations that are rare in Europe and four previously unreported mutation-haplotype associations. I65T and Q267X were found in association with haplotype 38 and may be African in origin or the result of miscegenation in the Brazilian population. PMID:18798839

  1. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in a highly endemic area of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, R C; Sant'ana, M M; Guterres, A; Fernandes, J; Hillesheim, N L F K; Lucini, C; Gomes, R; Lamas, C; Bochner, R; Zeccer, S; DE Lemos, E R S

    2016-04-01

    Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is the most frequently reported fatal rodent-borne disease in Brazil, with the majority of cases occurring in Santa Catarina. We analysed the clinical, laboratory and epidemiological data of the 251 confirmed cases of HPS in Santa Catarina in 1999-2011. The number of cases ranged from 10 to 47 per year, with the highest incidences in 2004-2006. Gastrointestinal tract manifestations were found in >60% of the cases, potentially confounding diagnosis and leading to inappropriate therapy. Dyspnoea, acute respiratory failure, renal failure, increased serum creatinine and urea levels, increased haematocrits and the presence of pulmonary interstitial infiltrate were significantly more common in HPS patients who died. In addition, we demonstrated that the six cases from the midwest region of the state were associated with Juquitiba virus genotype. The case-fatality rate in this region, 19·2%, was lower than that recorded for other mesoregions. In the multivariate analysis increase of serum creatinine and urea was associated with death by HPS. Our findings help elucidate the epidemiology of HPS in Brazil, where mast seeding of bamboo can trigger rodent population eruptions and subsequent human HPS outbreaks. We also emphasize the need for molecular confirmation of the hantavirus genotype of human cases for a better understanding of the mortality-related factors associated with HPS cases in Brazil. PMID:26464248

  2. Coptotermes gestroi (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Brazil: possible origins inferred by mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, C; Fontes, L R; Bueno, O C; Martins, V G

    2010-09-01

    The Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi, originally from northeast India through Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Indonesian archipelago, is a major termite pest introduced in several countries around the world, including Brazil. We sequenced the mitochondrial COII gene from individuals representing 23 populations. Phylogenetic analysis of COII gene sequences from this and other studies resulted in two main groups: (1) populations of Cleveland (USA) and four populations of Malaysia and (2) populations of Brazil, four populations of Malaysia, and one population from each of Thailand, Puerto Rico, and Key West (USA). Three new localities are reported here, considerably enlarging the distribution of C. gestroi in Brazil: Campo Grande (state of Mato Grosso do Sul), Itajaí (state of Santa Catarina), and Porto Alegre (state of Rio Grande do Sul). PMID:20924414

  3. Agroecologia e relazione con “l’altra”. Appunti di un’etnografia collaborativa con il movimento di donne contadine in Santa Catarina (Brasile - Agroecology and the relation with “the other”: notes on a collaborative ethnography with the movement of peasant women in Santa Catarina - (Br

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    Mariateresa Muraca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a collaborative ethnography about political and pedagogical practices of the Movement of Peasant Women in Santa Catarina (Brazil. In particular, it investigates the educational potential of the agroecological practices and reflections developed by the movement, in order to rethink the “negated relation” between the peasants of European origin and the native population, into the social-political-cultural context of the State of Santa Catarina. After a brief reference to the background of the study about the educational practices of the social movements, the author presents her research and focuses on the political, ethical and methodological implications of an investigation with a social movement. How can the identification with the struggles of the social movement contribute to the research? In which way, is it possible to promote the reciprocity in all stages of the survey? Can the discussion about the researcher’s interpretations with her interlocutors promote any non-individualistic modalities of ethnographic writing?

  4. Uranium isotopes in groundwater occurring at Amazonas State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the behavior of the dissolved U-isotopes 238U and 234U in groundwater providing from 15 cities in Amazonas State, Brazil. The isotope dilution technique accompanied by alpha spectrometry were utilized for acquiring the U content and 234U/238U activity ratio (AR) data, 0.01–1.4 µg L−1 and 1.0–3.5, respectively. These results suggest that the water is circulating in a reducing environment and leaching strata containing minerals with low uranium concentration. A tendency to increasing ARs values following the groundwater flow direction is identified in Manaus city. The AR also increases according to the SW–NE directions: Uarini→Tefé; Manacapuru→Manaus; Presidente Figueiredo→São Sebastião do Uatumã; and Boa Vista do Ramos→Parintins. Such trends are possibly related to several factors, among them the increasing acid character of the waters. The waters analyzed are used for human consumption and the highest dissolved U content is much lower than the maximum established by the World Health Organization. Therefore, in view of this radiological parameter they can be used for drinking purposes. - Highlights: • U-isotopes data in important aquifer systems in Amazon area. • Application of the U-isotopes data to investigate the groundwater flow direction. • Evaluation of the drinking-water quality in terms of dissolved uranium

  5. Snakebites in southwestern Goiás State, Brazil

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    U. P. Pacheco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study evaluated snakebite cases recorded by the Southwest II Regional Health Bureau [Regional de Saúde Sudoeste II], Goiás State, Brazil. The following data were analyzed: accident period; patient's age and gender; bite site; envenomation severity; and time elapsed between the bite and medical treatment. We evaluated 211 cases recorded between January 2002 and December 2005, which resulted in an incidence coefficient of 32.4/100,000 inhabitants. Most accidents were due to the bite of snakes from the Bothrops genus (78.2%. The months between January and April had a larger number of accidents (93%-44.1%, although no significant differences were observed. Only one death occurred, resulting in a mortality rate of 0.5%. The lower limbs were the most frequently affected (66.3%. The majority of the victims were male (75.1%. The age group of most of the patients was from 21 to 30 years (20.8%. The accidents were classified as mild, moderate and severe, representing 44.9%, 47.6% and 7.5% of the cases, respectively. The time elapsed between the accident and medical treatment was less than 3h in most of the cases (80.7%, reflecting the high frequency of mild and moderate accidents (92.5% as well as the large number of healed patients.

  6. DENGUE OUTBREAK IN MATO GROSSO STATE, MIDWESTERN BRAZIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinen, Letícia Borges da Silva; Zuchi, Nayara; Cardoso, Belgath Fernandes; Santos, Marcelo Adriano Mendes Dos; Nogueira, Mauricio Lacerda; Dezengrini-Slhessarenko, Renata

    2015-12-01

    Dengue virus (DENV) is the most frequent arbovirus worldwide. In this study, we report a large outbreak in Mato Grosso State (MT). Serum samples from 604 patients with acute febrile illness for less than five days were inoculated in C6/36 cells, then infected cells were subjected to an indirect immunofluorescence test for DENV serotypes and yellow fever virus. Serum samples were submitted to a multiplex-semi-nested-RT-PCR for 11 flaviviruses. DENV-4 was isolated in 150/604 (24.8%) and DENV-1 in 19/604 (3.1%) specimens. By RT-PCR, 331 (54.8%) samples tested positive for DENV; 321 had single infections (DENV-4 n = 305; DENV-1 n = 15; DENV-3 n = 1), nine had co-infections of DENV-1/DENV-4, and one of DENV-2/DENV-4. DENV-4 was detected in 315/331 (95.2%) positive patients from 17 municipalities, and DENV-1 in 24/331 (7.2%) patients from five cities in north-central MT and the city of Cuiaba. The incidence of infection was higher in patients aged 20-39 (142/331; 42.9%). The NS5 partial nucleotide sequence of DENV-1 was most similar to that of genotype V, DENV-2 to Southeast Asian/American, DENV-3 to genotype III, and DENV-4 to genotype II strains, considered the most frequent strains in Brazil. This outbreak coincided with the introduction of DENV-4 in the state. Cuiaba was hyperendemic for the four DENV serotypes, highlighting the necessity for arbovirus surveillance in MT. PMID:27049702

  7. Family Ties and Labor Markets in the United States and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    David Lam; Schoeni, Robert F.

    1994-01-01

    We use comparable surveys from Brazil and the United States to examine "vertical" and "horizontal" connections between families. Motivated by a model of assortative mating and intergenerational transmission of schooling and earnings, we include the schooling of relatives in male wage equations. We find that the effect of father-in-law's schooling is larger than the effect of father's schooling in Brazil, while the opposite is observed in the United States. We interpret these effects as indica...

  8. GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION IN NATURAL AND CULTURED MUSSELS OF Perna perna (MOLLUSCA, MYTILIDAE) IN SANTA CATARINA DIFERENCIAÇÃO GENÉTICA DE ESTOQUES NATURAIS E CULTIVO DO MEXILHÃO Perna perna EM SANTA CATARINA.

    OpenAIRE

    M. B. NOEL; G. C. MANZONI; L. I. WEBER

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this work was to analyse genetically natural beds and cultures of the most commercially important mollusc of Santa Catarina (South Brazil), the brown mussel Perna perna. Two sites were chosen for sampling from natural beds and for settling experimental lines with seeds obtained from each local farm. Experimental lines were maintained during four months for evaluating the growth of mussels from different cultures. DNA was extracted by Chelex-Proteinasek method from adductor muscle a...

  9. Perfil epidemiológico da cárie e do uso e necessidade de prótese na população idosa de Biguaçu, Santa Catarina Epidemiological profile of caries and the use and need of prostheses in the elderly population of Biguaçu, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Flemming Colussi

    2004-03-01

    .4% components. The prevalence of edentulism was 48.4% of the population. Denture use was more frequent in the upper jaw, and only 1.8% did not need or use any kind of prosthesis. This percentage was 4% for the lower jaw. CONCLUSION: Despite the low rate of edentate people in comparison to data existing in Brazil, the high DMFT mean value reflects the poor oral health status of the elderly, who need specific care programs in order to change this epidemiological picture.

  10. Intrahospital spread of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a University Hospital in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil Disseminação Intrahospitalar de Pseudomonas aeruginosa em Hospital Universitário de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Cristina Scheffer

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA has been isolated with increasing frequency in Brazilian hospitals. Since June 2003, its detection in a teaching hospital in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil, has increased. This study aimed to investigate the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC, presence of Metallo-β-lactamase (MβL and a possible clonal relationship among the isolates. METHODS: The study included 29 CRPA and seven isolates with reduced susceptibility. The MIC was determined by agar-dilution. Detection of MβL was performed by Double Disk Sinergism (DDS and Combined Disk (CD. The MβL gene was verified by PCR and nucleotide sequence analysis. Epidemiological typing was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: Among the 29 carbapenem-resistant isolates, polymyxin B presented 100% susceptibility and piperacillin/tazobactam 96.7%. Seventeen (62% strains were verified as clonal (A clone and among these, six isolates indicated phenotypically positive tests for MβL and harbored the blaSPM-1 gene. The first CRPA isolates were unrelated to clone A, harbored blaIMP-16 and were phenotypically positive only by CD. CONCLUSIONS: The spread of a high-level of resistance clone suggests cross transmission as an important dissemination mechanism and has contributed to the increased rate of resistance to carbapenems. This study emphasizes the need for continuous surveillance and improved strategies.INTRODUÇÃO: O isolamento de Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistente aos carbapenêmicos (PARC tem sido cada vez mais frequente nos hospitais brasileiros. O presente estudo investigou a concentração inibitória mínina (CIM, a presença de metalo-β-lactamases (MβL, e uma possível relação clonal entre PARC isoladas entre junho de 2003 a junho de 2005, em um hospital escola na cidade de Florianópolis, Brasil. MÉTODOS: O estudo incluiu 29 PARC e sete isolados com suscetibilidade reduzida. A CIM foi determinada por

  11. Implicações de custo financeiro e recursos humanos em assistência odontológica no Brasil segundo o modelo escandinavo Implications in terms of costs and manpower of using the Scandinavian dental care model in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson L. Traebert

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se detectar e analisar as implicações em custos e recursos humanos em odontologia de uma hipotética aplicação dos conceitos escandinavos de atenção odontológica no Brasil. Duas sociedades foram escolhidas para serem estudadas: Suécia, país da Escandinávia, e Santa Catarina, Estado da região Sul do Brasil. A análise teórica dessas implicações foi realizada a partir da determinação das necessidades de recursos humanos em odontologia, considerando-se os altos índices de doenças bucais no Estado brasileiro. Utilizou-se o programa de software "Health Through Oral Health" da Organização Mundial da Saúde-Federação Dentária Internacional (1989. Os resultados mostraram alto custo financeiro e a necessidade de se aumentar em até 85% o recurso humano disponível para atuar em saúde bucal no Estado de Santa Catarina. Concluiu-se que os princípios de alta provisão de recursos humanos e financeiros, característicos do modelo escandinavo, não serviriam para serem adotados por Santa Catarina e, extensivamente, pelo Brasil.The implications in terms of dental manpower and costs of applying the Scandinavian system of dental care in Brazil are specified and analysed. Two societies were chosen for study: those of Sweden, in Scandinavia and Santa Catarina, State in southern Brazil. The theoretical analysis of the implications was undertaken on the basis of an estimate of dental and auxiliary manpower required to deal with the high levels of oral disease and needs (caries, teeth needing extraction, periodontal diseases and the need for full dentures in Santa Catarina. This estimate was undertaken by means of the World Health Organization-Fédération Dentaire Internationale (WHO-FDI Model "Health Through Oral Health" (1989. The implications in costs, taking the total Swedish expenditure per dentist as a basis, were calculated and applied to the manpower calles for by the WHO-FDI model. The high costs resulting showed that the

  12. Aumento na sobrevida de crianças de grupos de peso baixo ao nascer em Santa Catarina Aumento en la sobrevida de niños de grupos de peso bajo al nacer en Santa Catarina, Sur de Brasil Increased survival among lower-birthweight children in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Andrade Pinheiro

    2010-10-01

    los grupos de peso, pero aumentó en los grupos de menos de 2.000g (77,7% para 81,2%, p=0,029 entre los cuatrienios de 1999 a 2002 y 2003 a 2006. Hubo aumento de menores de 2.000g en el segundo cuatrienio estudiado. El tipo de hospital fue asociado significativamente con la probabilidad de sobrevida. CONCLUSIONES: Hay mayor probabilidad de sobrevida entre nacidos en hospitales privados y en el hospital de enseñanza para todos los grupos de peso y para el grupo de menos de 2000 g. La sobrevida de los grupos de peso por debajo de 2000g aumentó en el cuadrienio más reciente. Mientras, el coeficiente de mortalidad infantil no disminuyó en ese período, ya que la prevalencia de los nacidos en grupos de menor peso también aumentó.OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with survival in the first year of life. METHODS: A historical cohort study was carried out using data from live birth and mortality information systems, including 90,153 live birth records and 1,053 records of death before age one year in hospitals in the cities of Florianópolis and São José, Southern Brazil, between 1999 and 2006. Survival curves were estimated (Kaplan-Meier for birthweight categories, date of birth (four-year periods, and type of maternity. Proportional hazard ratios for mortality were calculated using Cox regression. RESULTS: Survival (98.8% did not change among all birthweight categories, but increased among babies born weighing under 2,000 g (77.7% to 81.2%, p=0.029, between 1999-2002 and 2003-2006. There was an increase in the proportion of babies under 2,000 g in the second period. Type of hospital was significantly associated with probability of survival. CONCLUSIONS: Probability of survival is higher among babies born in private hospitals and in the teaching hospital in all birthweight categories combined and for babies born weighing under 2,000 g. Survival among the latter increased in the most recent period. However, the infant mortality rate did not change between the

  13. Redescription and first records from Brazil of Diacyclops uruguayensis Kiefer (Crustacea, Copepoda, Cyclopidae

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    Janet W. Reid

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Diacyclops uruguayensis Kiefer, 1935 is redescribed from specimens from Santa Catarina and Ceará, Brazil. These new records represent a significant range extension from southern Uruguay.

  14. A contribution to the pollination ecology of Tabebuia pulcherrima (Bignoniaceae in a sandbank area of the south of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Afonso Inácio Orth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Studies on pollination mechanisms in Bignoniaceae have show some evidence of co-evolution with its pollen vectors. Floral biology and flower visitors of Tabebuia pulcherrima were investigated in a sandbank area. Flower phenology, the nectar production, pollen/ovule ratio, and identification of the flower visitors, as well as their behavior, were studied. Tabebuia pulcherrima displays typical melitophilous flowers, due to its morphology, diurnal anthesis and day-long nectar secretion. In the morning, the nectar volume is smaller, which is associated with a higher frequency of visitors. The pollen/ovule ratio indicates facultative xenogamy. We collected 88 insects on the flowers, 52% of which were bees; the rest were wasps, flies, ants end beetles. The most abundant species were Niltonia virgilii (42%, Bombus morio (20% and Xylocopa brasilianorum (18%. According to their frequency, abundance and visiting behavior, Bombus morio and Niltonia virgilii were considered to be the potencial pollinators of T. pulcherrima and Epicharis dejeanii, a secondary pollinator. The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a nectar robber of T. pulcherrima. The flowers of T. pulcherrima are an important food source for the entomofauna of the restinga, offering nectar and pollen as floral rewards.

  15. MINING AND SPATIALITY: Space, society, and environment in the coal-based economy in Criciúma City, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Filho Montibeller

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Criciúma City´s spatiality, i.e., the space-social economics-environment relationship, during the intense coal mining exploration until nowadays. We consider studies on other mining regions and studies about the specific case. In that, we verify the social, economics and environmental dynamics along the history and today. We seek to interpret the dialectic relationship between history, space and society in an area when the ore´s deposits determine the locations of all the infrastructure to their exploration. Furthermore, the activity needs high amount of capital and unskilled work with low wages, which configures the social stratification on space. Recently, other activities outweigh the mining in the region. But the efects of coalming period remain. The city districts map shows the spacial location by social classes and degradaded areas. We can observe therefore the highest classes´ interests configured on a microcosmo like Criciúma. In this way, this study could also contribute to the complex issue of spatiality in the urban environment.

  16. A contribution to the pollination ecology of Tabebuia pulcherrima (Bignoniaceae) in a sandbank area of the south of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso Inácio Orth; Maurício Lenzi; Dalzemira Anselmo da Silva Souza

    2004-01-01

    Studies on pollination mechanisms in Bignoniaceae have show some evidence of co-evolution with its pollen vectors. Floral biology and flower visitors of Tabebuia pulcherrima were investigated in a sandbank area. Flower phenology, the nectar production, pollen/ovule ratio, and identification of the flower visitors, as well as their behavior, were studied. Tabebuia pulcherrima displays typical melitophilous flowers, due to its morphology, diurnal anthesis and day-long nectar secretion. In the m...

  17. Seroepidemiological study of human cysticercosis with blood samples collected on filter paper, in Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, 2004-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Márcia Imenes Ishida

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Human serofrequency of antibodies against Taenia solium antigens was determined and risk factors for cysticercosis transmission were identified. METHODS: Individuals (n=878 from periurban and rural locations of Lages, SC, were interviewed to gather demographic, sanitary and health information. Interviews and blood sample collections by finger prick on Whatman filter paper were performed from August 2004 to May 2005. Observation determined that 850 samples were suitable for analysis and were tested by ELISA using vesicular fluid of Taenia crassiceps heterologous antigen. To ensure the reliability of the results, 77 samples of the dried blood were matched with sera. The reactive samples were submitted to a serum confirmatory immunoblot (IB test using purified Taenia crassiceps glycoproteins. RESULTS: The ELISA results for the dried blood and serum samples were statistically consistent. ELISA was positive in 186 (21.9% out of 850 individuals. A group of 213 individuals were asked to collect vein blood for IB (186 with positive result in ELISA and 27 with inappropriate whole blood samples and 130 attended the request. The IB was positive in 29 (3.4% out of 850 individuals. A significant correlation (p = 0.0364 was determined among individuals who tested positive in the IB assay who practiced both pig rearing and kitchen gardening. CONCLUSIONS: ELISA with dried blood eluted from filter paper was suitable for cysticercosis population surveys. In Lages, human infection was associated with pig rearing and kitchen gardening. The prevalence index was compatible with other Latin American endemic areas.

  18. A new species of the genus Pimelodus La Cépède, 1803 from the rio Iguaçu basin and a reappraisal of Pimelodus ortmanni Haseman, 1911 from the rio Paraná system, Brazil (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes: Pimelodidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Julio Cesar Garavello; Oscar Akio Shibatta

    2007-01-01

    A new species, Pimelodus britskii, is described from the rio Iguaçu in the rio Paraná drainage, on the border of Paraná and Santa Catarina states, Brazil. Specimens of this species were wrongly included in the type series of Pimelodus ortmanni. Pimelodus britskii is distinguished from its congeners by color pattern, having circular dark brown blotches usually smaller than one orbital diameter, regularly and scattered along the trunk. Differs from P. ortmanni by the following characters: body ...

  19. Mosquitos antropofílicos de atividade matutina em Mata Atlântica, Florianópolis, SC Mosquitoes with morning biting activity in the Atlantic forest, Brazil (Diptera, Culicidae

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    Uéslei Paterno

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Como os trabalhos sobre Culicidae em Santa Catarina foram restritos a anofelíneos e a Culex quinquefasciatus, pela ocorrência, no passado, de malária e de filariose, a fauna de mosquitos em áreas de mata é pouco conhecida. Assim, foi realizado um levantamento dos culicídeos que atacam o homem pela manhã em trilha situada numa unidade de conservação da Mata Atlântica na Ilha de Santa Catarina, freqüentada por estudantes e turistas. Foram coletados 358 exemplares de 22 espécies, das quais 14 são relatadas pela primeira vez no Estado. Runchomyia reversa e Ochlerotatus scapularis foram as espécies predominantes, com grande diversidade de espécies de Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia.Previous studies on Culicidae in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, were limited to Anophelinae and Culex quinquefasciatus due to the past occurrence of malaria and filariasis but the mosquito fauna in forested areas is still almost unknown. It was carried out a survey of mosquitoes with morning biting activity in a tourist trekking trail of an Atlantic forest reserve area in the island of Santa Catarina. There were collected 358 specimens of 22 species, 14 of them reported for the first time in the state. Runchomyia reversa and Ochlerotatus scapularis were the predominant species. There was a great diversity of Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia species.

  20. The impact of change in MSEs? regulation in municipalities in Sao Paulo state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Chagas, Andre; Almeida, Alexandre

    2014-01-01

    In 2006 was approved, in Brazil, a new regulatory framework, named General Law of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs), regulating and expanding special conditions for MSEs - that representing more than 90% of companies in Brazil. The Law introduces differential treatment to MSEs for starting a business, reducing legal requirements, and providing differential treatment for government purchases, among others. In São Paulo state, the Law was promulgated in late 2007. About 340 municipalities (out...

  1. Snake assemblages of Marajó Island, Pará state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gerson Moreira Rodrigues; Gleomar Fabiano Maschio; Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT We describe the diversity, natural history and structure of snake assemblages from Marajó Island, state of Pará, Brazil, after analyzing 439 specimens deposited in herpetological collections. We tested the hypothesis that snake assemblages from forest and open areas of Marajó Island are distinct with regard to their structure, composition and functional groups. To compare the snake composition of the forest and open areas of Marajó with other comparable assemblages in Brazil, Princip...

  2. State summary of radioactive material transport sector in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main aim of this work is the scientific cooperation with the CNEA (Argentina) in the area of safe transport of radioactive materials, intending to find solutions to some rural problems and, also, to standardize the transport of radioactive materials between Brazil and Argentina. (E.O.)

  3. Planktic Cyanobacteria from Sao Paulo State, Brazil: Chroococcales

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sant'Anna, C. L.; Azevedo, M. T. P.; Senna, P. A. C.; Komárek, Jiří; Komárková, Jaroslava

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 27, č. 2 (2004), s. 213-227. ISSN 0100-8404 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK6005114 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : taxonomy * Brazil * Chroococcales Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  4. Evaluation of the CPTEC/AGCM wind forecasts during the hurricane Catarina occurrence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Santos

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In March 2004 occurred the first hurricane registered at South Atlantic Ocean. The system named Catarina begun as an extratropical cyclone and remained quasi-stationary some days over the South Atlantic Ocean. The system displaced westward, acquiring characteristics of a hurricane and hit the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina (SC between the 27 and the 28 March, causing destruction and deaths. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies, Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (CPTEC/AGCM forecast performance of some synoptic patterns associated with Catarina. The surface wind and reduced Sea Level Pressure (SLP were examined. Moreover, the implementation of 10-m wind forecast (V10m was evaluated. This variable was not available in the CPTEC/AGCM during the Catarina occurrence and in this study it was compared with the wind at first sigma-level of the AGCM. The CPTEC-Eta reanalyses were used to comparisons. According to reanalyses, more intense winds were observed in northeast, south and southwest edges of the cyclone. The system was not predicted by the CPTEC/AGCM forecasts longer than 24 h, then the analyses were carried out only for 24 h forecasts. In general, the first sigma-level wind forecasts underestimated the wind magnitude and the cyclone intensity. However, the Catarina formation and its displacement southeastward between the 20 and the 21 March were well represented by the model. The CPTEC/AGCM presents deficiencies to predict the system intensity, but in short-range forecasts it was possible to predict the system formation and its atypical trajectory. The wind results from the new implementation did not exhibit better performance compared with the wind at first sigma-level. These results will be better investigated in the future.

  5. Evaluation of the CPTEC/AGCM wind forecasts during the hurricane Catarina occurrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, A. F.; Mendonça, A. M.; Bonatti, J. P.; de Mattos, J. G. Z.; Kubota, P. Y.; Freitas, S. R.; Silva Dias, M. A. F.; Ramirez, E.; Camayo, R.

    2008-05-01

    In March 2004 occurred the first hurricane registered at South Atlantic Ocean. The system named Catarina begun as an extratropical cyclone and remained quasi-stationary some days over the South Atlantic Ocean. The system displaced westward, acquiring characteristics of a hurricane and hit the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina (SC) between the 27 and the 28 March, causing destruction and deaths. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies, Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (CPTEC/AGCM) forecast performance of some synoptic patterns associated with Catarina. The surface wind and reduced Sea Level Pressure (SLP) were examined. Moreover, the implementation of 10-m wind forecast (V10m) was evaluated. This variable was not available in the CPTEC/AGCM during the Catarina occurrence and in this study it was compared with the wind at first sigma-level of the AGCM. The CPTEC-Eta reanalyses were used to comparisons. According to reanalyses, more intense winds were observed in northeast, south and southwest edges of the cyclone. The system was not predicted by the CPTEC/AGCM forecasts longer than 24 h, then the analyses were carried out only for 24 h forecasts. In general, the first sigma-level wind forecasts underestimated the wind magnitude and the cyclone intensity. However, the Catarina formation and its displacement southeastward between the 20 and the 21 March were well represented by the model. The CPTEC/AGCM presents deficiencies to predict the system intensity, but in short-range forecasts it was possible to predict the system formation and its atypical trajectory. The wind results from the new implementation did not exhibit better performance compared with the wind at first sigma-level. These results will be better investigated in the future.

  6. Transtornos alimentares na visão de meninas adolescentes de Florianópolis: uma abordagem fenomenológica Eating disorders in the view of teenage girls from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State: a phenomenological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlene Leite Nunes

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetiva compreender o significado da experiência vivida por adolescentes do sexo feminino com transtorno alimentar (TA, com ênfase nos aspectos relacionados à alimentação, a partir de uma perspectiva fenomenológica. Entrevistamos sete adolescentes com TA, atendidas em hospitais e clínicas de Florianópolis (SC. Na análise das entrevistas, procuramos identificar as unidades de significado, categorizandoas para apreensão da estrutura geral da vivência, extraindo a estrutura do vivido. Foram identificadas nove unidades de significado: o que representa a comida, hábito alimentar, alimentos que deixaram de ser consumidos, alimentos que passaram a ser consumidos, consumo de refrigerantes, escolhas alimentares, composição das refeições, hábito alimentar da família e alimentação saudável. As unidades de significado revelaram, entre outros, o sofrimento das adolescentes, seja por engordar, não se achar magra suficiente, comer demais, não comer, provocar vômito, tomar laxante/diurético, tentar suicídio, ver pais sofrendo, não se sentirem compreendidas. A pesquisa proporcionou contemplar o fenômeno pelo prisma da relação com a comida, confirmando como esta relação está ligada ao emocional. Também mostrou como é viver com TA na visão das adolescentes, procurando enxergar esses transtornos segundo suas óticas e sentimentos.The article aims to understand the meaning of the teenagers' experience of having ED (eating disorders, underscoring the aspects related to eating, from a phenomenological perspective. Seven female teenagers with ED being taken care in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, were interviewed. A categorization was made to reach the perception of the general structure of the experience, extracting the structure of the past experience. Nine signification units that assessed the life experience were identified: the representation of the food, eating habits, food that no longer were eaten

  7. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil

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    Arnaldo CM Junior

    2014-08-01

    Conclusion: Northeast region is the one that has the major incidence of SB in Brazil country, but RN state has a number lower than others states from its region. It was made an update about therapeutic options to minimize the morbidity and mortality in newborn with SB congenital defects. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2014; 2(4.000: 217-223

  8. Lyme disease in the state of Tocantins, Brazil: report of the first cases

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    César Omar Carranza-Tamayo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Lyme disease is an underdiagnosed zoonosis in Brazil. There are no cases registered in the state of Tocantins, the newest Brazilian state. The cases of three patients in contact with rural areas in three Tocantins' districts are herein described, and the Brazilian literature is reviewed.

  9. Prevalência de traumatismo dentário e fatores associados em escolares do município de Palhoça (SC Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and associated factors in schoolchildren of Palhoça, Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Traebert

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O aumento dos níveis de violência, do número de acidentes de trânsito e uma maior participação das crianças em atividades esportivas contribuem para transformar o traumatismo dental em um problema de saúde pública emergente. Todavia, ainda há carência de dados que mostrem o comportamento deste agravo no Brasil. O objetivo desse estudo foi conhecer a prevalência de traumatismo na dentição permanente e fatores associados em escolares de doze anos de idade de Palhoça (SC. Foi realizado um estudo transversal envolvendo uma amostra representativa dos escolares (n=405. Os critérios de classificação do traumatismo foram os mesmos usados no levantamento nacional do Reino Unido. Testou-se associação entre a prevalência e fatores clínicos e socioeconômicos por intermédio do qui-quadrado. A prevalência encontrada foi de 22,5%, sendo estatisticamente maior no sexo masculino. A maioria dos danos traumáticos foram de pequena magnitude, mas encontrou-se alta necessidade de tratamento entre os dentes passíveis de tratamento imediato. Pode-se concluir que foram altas a prevalência e a necessidade de tratamento do traumatismo dentário em Palhoça. A prevalência não mostrou associação com fatores socioeconômicos ou clínicos.The increase in the levels of violence, the number of traffic accidents and a greater participation of children in sports activities can transform traumatic dental injuries in an emerging public health problem. However, there is still a lack of data showing the behavior of this oral health event in Brazil. The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in the permanent teeth and its associated factors in 12 year-old schoolchildren in Palhoça, Santa Catarina State. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a representative sample of schoolchildren (n = 405. The traumatic dental injuries criteria of classification were the same used in the national survey of the United

  10. Ceramic burning starting from natural gas in Rio Grande state, Brazil: potential and application; Queima de ceramicas a partir de gas natural no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte: potencial e aplicacoes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acchar, M. [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal (Brazil)]. E-mail: acchar@dfe.ufrn.br; Pereira, E.A.; Santos, A.C.P. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal (Brazil). Programa de Doutorado em Ciencia e Engenharia de Materiais

    2001-07-01

    In this work is underlined the potential use of natural gas as main in structural ceramics industry in Rio Grande do Norte. This state is at third place as natural producer in Brazil producing 3,37 millions of m{sub 3}/dia in Guamare fields. The sales of this product reached, in 1999, a volume of 110 mil m{sup 3} / dia for all industrial sector in this state. These number justify, for themselves, the strategic importance in using this fuel in ceramics industrial as a way of introducing new technological basis in production, research and development of this important sector of our economy. At the moment there is a favorable culture and pressure in society to substitute wood by natural gas as main fuel, considering operational advantages, better product quality and environment issues, especially the disaster caused by extensive cutting native vegetation to be used in ceramics processing. It's well known the high levels of losses in wood fired furnaces and ceramics industry as a whole. Experiments using natural gas a main fuel have been carried out in several other states in Brazil as: Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina and Parana. In Rio Grande do Norte tests have been done in the three main production poles: Potengi, Vale do Acu and Trairi. The out coming intermittent furnaces in processing structural ceramics and it's necessary to build new furnaces or buy industrial ones. Moreover the gas pipeline distribution along coastal line only benefit part of state industry being necessary a significant amount of investments to provide gas to the plants located further away from the pipeline. (author)

  11. Petrobras expands gas reinjection in Brazil`s Amazonas State and Campos Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cosso, S. [Dresser-Rand, Houston, TX (United States)

    1999-05-01

    Petrobras contracted with Dresser-Rand Co. and its affiliate Paragon Engineering Services Inc. to design, procure and fabricate the process modules and develop the overall layouts of the gas compression systems for four Brazilian projects: the Urucu region, the Marlim field (P-19), the Albacora field (P-31) and the Corvina field (P-9). The high-pressure Urucu injection project is the only one of the four that is onshore. This is the first time the two US companies have combined their expertise on joint projects in Brazil. However, it is not their first effort in South America. The paper briefly describes the gas compression efforts using turbocompressors.

  12. Predation by Megacerus baeri (Pic, 1934 (Coleoptera: Bruchidae on seeds of Ipomoea imperati (Convolvulaceae at Joaquina beach, Florianópolis, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Picolli Romanowski

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Bruchidae beetles are important seed predators that feed on the seeds of a large array of plants. Predation levels by the bruchid Megaceus baeri were quantified on 333 fruits of beach morning glory Ipomoea imperati (Convolvulaceae, collected at Joaquina Beach, Santa Catarina Island (27o36’S; 48o 27’W, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The damage caused by M. baeri larva had affected 73% of the fruit collected and had killed 67% of the seeds. Among the fruits that had been predated, 76.5% had only one seed and 23.5% had two seeds. The average size of the seeds attacked by M. baeri was larger than the average size of those that had not been predated. Since this bruchid has to complete its development in a single seed, it is suggested that seed size reflects its quality as a resource.

  13. A new species of Cernotina (Trichoptera, Polycentropodidae) from the Atlantic Forest, Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Leandro Lourenço Dumas; Jorge Luiz Nessimian

    2011-01-01

    A new species of Cernotina (Trichoptera, Polycentropodidae) from the Atlantic Forest, Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil. Cernotina Ross, 1938, with 64 extant species, is a New World genus of caddisflies. In Brazil, there are 31 described species of which 28 are recorded from the Amazon basin. Cernotina puri sp. nov. is described and figured based on specimens collected in the Atlantic Forest, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The new species can be distinguished by the shape of the interm...

  14. Incidence of spiders of public health importance in Curitibanos, Santa Catarina Incidência de aranhas de importância em saúde pública em Curitibanos, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Márcia Tietz Marques

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To provide information on the main spider species of public health importance captured in Curitibanos, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Materials and Methods: Spiders were captured from households and from a school in the rural area of Curitibanos, southern Brazil, between April and October 2008. Live spiders were collected, placed in plastic containers and sent off to the Laboratory of Biology of UNIPLAC (Lages/SC. The spiders were kept in captivity, identified and observed on a daily basis. The species were identified using a stereo microscope under which the following characteristics were analyzed: appearance of the abdomen, color, number of eyes and shape of pedipalps. After that, the spiders were classified according to species, sex, and developmental stage. Results: A total of 62 spiders of public health importance were captured. The following species were identified: Loxosceles intermedia (63%, L. laeta (16%, suborder Mygalomorphae (9.7%, Phoneutria nigriventer (6.5% and Lycosa sp. (4.8%. Spiders of the genus Loxosceles were captured from households, whereas spiders of the suborder Mygalomorphae, Phoneutria nigriventer and Lycosa sp. were captured from the school in the rural area of Curitibanos. Conclusion: The results indicate that Loxosceles was the most prevalent gender in the studied region. The study provides updated information about spiders of public health importance captured in Curitibanos.Objetivo: identificar as principais espécies de araneídeos de interesse em saúde pública, na população de Curitibanos, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Materiais e Métodos: A captura de araneídeos ocorreu entre março e novembro de 2008, em residências e em uma escola rural, no município de Curitibanos, Santa Catarina. As aranhas foram capturadas vivas, acondicionadas em recipientes plásticos e encaminhadas ao laboratório de Biologia da UNIPLAC (Lages/SC. As aranhas foram mantidas em cativeiro, identificadas e

  15. Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological advances by newly industrialized countries (NICs) have become a central concern of the recent literature on the political economy of development. Striking a fatal blow to dependency thinking, in so far as it had diagnosed a structural barrier to technological development, these countries have absorbed foreign technology and have developed a very impressive domestic technological capacity. Moreover, their exports have evolved from a traditional reliance on raw materials and unprocessed goods to include increasingly sophisticated manufactured goods and technology itself. The capabilities, motivations, and structures behind nuclear exports must be examined in light of these secular trends. This paper reports on this exploratory analysis of the country's emergence as a nuclear supplier which focuses on six major areas: the balance of motivations and constraints underlying Brazil's nuclear export potential; areas of extant capabilities that would allow the country to play a significant role as a nuclear supplier; formal and informal structures beneath nuclear export policy; patterns of nuclear trade as reflected in past transactions; prospects for continuity and change; generalizability of findings to other emerging suppliers

  16. School menus in Santa Catarina: Evaluation with respect to the National School Food Program regulations

    OpenAIRE

    Glenda Marreira Vidal; Marcela Boro Veiros; Anete Araújo de Sousa

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess compliance of school menu planning with the National School Food Program's regulations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 133 menus for 542 schools in 49 municipalities of the state of Santa Catarina. The menus were assessed according to the National School Food Program's regulations, the "Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population" and the "Qualitative Evaluation of Menu Components for Schools". The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. RESULTS: N...

  17. Pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos nos Estados da Região Centro- Sul do Brasil = Water footprint of pigs slaughtered in the states of south-central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Pascale Palhares

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi calcular a pegada hídrica dos suínos abatidos no Brasil em 2008 em cada um dos Estados da Região Centro-Sul do país. O cálculo da pegada considerou a água consumida na produção de grãos (milho e soja, água de dessedentação e água utilizada na limpeza das instalações. O Estado que apresentou a maior pegada hídrica foi o Rio Grande do Sul (2,702 km3, seguido de Santa Catarina (2,401 km3 e Paraná (1,089 km3. Os Estados com as menores pegadas foram Rio de Janeiro (0,00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0,0354 km3 e Espírito Santo (0,0719 km3. Os Estados com baixas produtividades para as culturas de milho e soja apresentaram pegadas hídricas maiores. O cálculo da pegada demonstrou que a gestão hídrica da cadeia produtiva de suínos não pode abordar somente a unidade produtiva, devendo inserir as cadeias agrícolas que se relacionam com ela. The aim of this study was to calculate the water footprint of pigs slaughtered in 2008 in each state of south-central Brazil. The calculation of water footprint considered water consumed in grain production (corn and soybean, drinking water and washing water.Rio Grande do Sul was the state with the largest water footprint (2.702 km3, followed by Santa Catarina (2.401 km3 and Parana (1.089 km3. States with the smallest footprints were Rio de Janeiro (0.00215 km3, Distrito Federal (0.0354 km3, and Espírito Santo(0.0719 km3. States with low yields of corn and soybeans had higher water footprint. Calculations show that water management in swine production cannot address only the farm; it should include related agricultural supply chains.

  18. Manifestações respiratórias e doenças de vias aéreas: prevalência e fatores de risco em suinocultores de Braço do Norte, Santa Catarina Respiratory manifestations and respiratory diseases: prevalence and risk factors among pig farmers in Braço do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Costa

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de sinais e sintomas de doença respiratória, avaliar as características do confinamento e identificar potenciais fatores de risco nos suinocultores do município de Braço do Norte, Santa Catarina. MÉTODOS: Um estudo do tipo observacional, de caráter exploratório, com delineamento transversal, em que a coleta de dados foi através de entrevistas e realização de espirometrias. Foram investigados o histórico laborativo, as condições do ambiente e trabalho, a saúde respiratória e o hábito tabágico. Como medida de risco foi utilizada a razão de chances da exposição, ao comparar suinocultores expostos e não expostos aos fatores de interesse de acordo com presença de sinais e sintomas de doença respiratória. RESULTADOS: A prevalência das manifestações de sintomas e sinais respiratórios foi de 84,3%, de asma brônquica foi de 5,6% e de bronquite crônica naqueles acima de 40 anos foi 5,1%. Apenas 2,6% dos suinocultores utilizavam equipamentos de proteção específica para o aparelho respiratório. Manifestações respiratórias entre os suinocultores mostraram-se associadas ao baixo nível socioeconômico, baixa escolaridade, tabagismo, uso de fogão a lenha e uso de desinfetantes. Havia uma aparente associação entre tempo e intensidade de trabalho e os achados de uma menor prevalência de manifestações respiratórias. CONCLUSÃO: O 'fenômeno saúde do trabalhador' pode explicar a associação entre tempo/intensidade de trabalho e a menor prevalência de manifestações respiratórias. Entretanto, o evidente comprometimento do aparelho respiratório entre os suinocultores e a baixa adoção de medidas de proteção específica nesta população apontam para a necessidade de um programa de controle da exposição e regulamentação dos fatores ambientais.OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of signs and symptoms of respiratory disease among pig farmers in Braço do Norte, Santa Catarina

  19. The Cultural Context of Educational Policy: Brazil and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Jose Augusto; Lynch, Patrick D.

    Both Brazil's and the United States's educational policies are influenced by centralization of administration and formal objectives mandated by law. Arising from a long division in Brazilian life between government and people, public schools have been seen to be the concern of the government, which has preserved the antiquated division of…

  20. Beyond Racism: Embracing an Interdependent Future. Brazil, South Africa, the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

    This set of four publications examines contemporary power relations between persons of European and African descent in Brazil, South Africa, and the United States. Using a comparative and multidisciplinary approach, these publications focus on three democracies with large multiracial and multiethnic populations. "Overview Report," which details…

  1. Annual statistical report 2003 of COPEL - Electrical Company of Parana State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the statistical annual report of COPEL - Electrical Company of Parana State, Brazil, during the calendar year of 2003, on electricity market covering the distribution to end users, residential consumption, industrial consumption, commercial consumption, number of consumers and corporate information

  2. Statistical annual by energy in the municipalities of Sao Paulo State, Brazil - 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document has as objective the compilation and dissemination of the consumption data corresponding of the main energetics used in the municipalities of Sao Paulo State, Brazil in the year of 2006. The considered energetics are: electric energy, natural gas, petroleum derivatives; hydrated alcohol and biodiesel

  3. Condição reprodutiva da betara preta, Menticirrhus americanus (Teleostei, Sciaenidae, na pesca realizada no litoral norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i4.1230 Reproductive status of Menticirrhus americanus (Teleostei, Sciaenidae in fisheries performed on the Southern coast of Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i4.1230

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elneison da Rosa Muniz

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available No litoral brasileiro, a legislação costuma regular as práticas pesqueiras segundo o ciclo de vida das espécies-alvo, mas o fato deste não ser coincidente entre as espécies dominantes nas capturas dificulta o manejo em pescarias multiespecíficas. No litoral de Santa Catarina, o defeso aplica-se apenas à pesca de arrasto, e para tal considera o período reprodutivo do camarão sete-barbas, Xyphopenaeus kroyeri. O presente trabalho investiga a incidência da atividade pesqueira sobre indivíduos em reprodução da betara preta, Menticirrhus americanus, espécie comercialmente apreciada e frequente nas pescarias. As amostragens ocorreram em 2006 e 2007, em desembarques do município de Itapoá, norte do Estado (26°00’S; 48°36’W. Calcularam-se os valores de proporção sexual, frequência de estádios de maturação, índice gonadossomático e tamanho de primeira maturação, e relacionou-se a captura de indivíduos em reprodução com a época do ano e a arte de pesca utilizada. Concluiu-se que a atividade pesqueira incide sobre uma parcela populacional que compreende indivíduos em atividade reprodutiva durante, ao menos, duas estações do ano. Há diferenças entre as artes de pesca: a de arrasto não atinge indivíduos em reprodução; a de caceio atua majoritariamente sobre jovens e em maturação; e a de fundeio, principalmente sobre indivíduos em atividade reprodutiva, sobretudo na primavera e no verão.Fisheries rules usually take into account the life cycle of target species. But as these species differ, multi-specific fisheries prove difficult to be managed. In the southern coast of Brazil (26°00’S, 48°36’W, an annual closed fishing season is exclusive to trawling only, which target species such as the shrimp Xyphopenaeus kroyeri . In this region, the consequences of trawling and gillnets on the life cycles of fish remain unknown. The present work has surveyed the incidence of small-scale fisheries on the reproductive

  4. Triatoma jatai sp. nov. in the state of Tocantins, Brazil (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Teresa Cristina Monte; Teves-Neves, Simone Caldas; dos Santos-Mallet, Jacenir Reis; Carbajal-de-la-Fuente, Ana Laura; Lopes, Catarina Macedo

    2013-01-01

    Triatoma jatai sp. nov. is the first new species of triatomine to be described in the state of Tocantins, in the northern region of Brazil. It was caught on rock outcrops in the wild environment and, more recently, invading homes. While T. jatai sp. nov. is morphologically similar to Triatoma costalimai, it is distinguished by its general colouring, differences in the blotches on the connexivum, wing size in females and external structures of the male genitalia. The type series has been deposited in the Entomological Collection and Herman Lent Collection, Oswaldo Cruz Institute-Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PMID:23828010

  5. Echovirus 30 associated with cases of aseptic meningitis in state of Pará, Northern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceyla Maria Oeiras de Castro

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of the aetiology of viral meningitis in Brazil is most often restricted to cases that occur in the Southern and Southeastern Regions; therefore, the purpose of this study is to describe the viral meningitis cases that occurred in state of Pará, Northern Brazil, from January 2005-December 2006. The detection of enterovirus (EV in cerebrospinal fluid was performed using cell culture techniques, RT-PCR, nested PCR and nucleotide sequencing. The ages of the 91 patients ranged from 60 years old (median age 15.90 years. Fever (87.1%, headache (77.0%, vomiting (61.5% and stiffness (61.5% were the most frequent symptoms. Of 91 samples analyzed, 18 (19.8% were positive for EV. Twelve were detected only by RT- PCR followed by nested PCR, whereas six were found by both cell culture and RT-PCR. From the last group, five were sequenced and classified as echovirus 30 (Echo 30. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that Echo 30 detected in Northern Brazil clustered within a unique group with a bootstrap value of 100% and could constitute a new subgroup (4c according to the phylogenetic tree described by Oberste et al. (1999. This study described the first molecular characterization of Echo 30 in Brazil and this will certainly contribute to future molecular analyses involving strains detected in other regions of Brazil.

  6. 6. State energy balance - 1978/1987 - Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energetic plan of Minas Gerais state and the steps such as energy balance, state potential energy identification, social and economic analysis, energetic flux, energy consumption is presented. (L.J.C.)

  7. Market study of pipe gas for the Bahia State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy market that will be conquered by the natural gas in Bahia State is identified, allowing measure the potentiality of gas industry and the gas supply, that the State will plead to the Federal Government. (C.G.C.)

  8. Bat assemblages from three Atlantic Forest fragments in Rio de Janeiro state, Southeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Leonan Novaes; Daniel Rosa; Davor Vrcibradic; Leonardo Avilla

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Bat species richness in Neotropical localities is generally higher than that of any other group of mammals, and surveys of local bat assemblages may provide useful data for conservation management plans. Although the bat fauna of the Rio de Janeiro state is currently one of the best known in Brazil, there are several localities not adequately surveyed yet, and most of them are in the mountainous regions and in the northern portion of the state. From January 2008 to November 2009, we ...

  9. States, Movements and the New Politics of Blackness in Colombia and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Paschel, Tianna Shonta

    2011-01-01

    The 1990s marked a dramatic shift throughout Latin America from constitutions and state policies that hinged on ideas of colorblindness and mestizaje to targeted policies for black and indigenous peoples. This study analyzes the role black social movements played in this shift in Colombia and Brazil, two countries where the state adopted the most comprehensive reforms for black populations in the region. It also analyzes the impact of achieving such reforms on black movements' trajectories in...

  10. THE INSTRUMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL COMPENSATION IN BRAZIL AND IN THE STATE OF MINAS GERAIS

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Costa de Barros; Luis Antonio Coimbra Borges; Maria das Graças Paula; Flávia Luciana Naves Mafra

    2015-01-01

    Compensation for environmental projects that cause significant environmental impact is an instrument established by Article 36 of Law No. 9.985/2000. The objective of this study was to describe and analyze relevant environmental legislation to the Environmental Compensation instrument in Brazil and use the state of Minas Gerais as a case study. For this we adopted the techniques of bibliographic and documentary research. The result showed that environmental compensation increased in the state...

  11. "Calling a state a state": feminist politics and the policing of violence against women in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hautzinger, S

    1997-01-01

    This document reports on a 1990 case study of one of Brazil's 80 police stations established for the protection of women in response to feminist pressure to address excessively high levels of violence against women. These police stations, staffed by women to respond exclusively to complaints lodged by women, are an unusual institutional response to such violence. The study examines the station established in Salvador in 1986 to reveal which interests were served by the creation of the specialized stations. The first section of the article addresses the fact that Salvador's policewomen have gained little from the creation of the specialized stations and continue to suffer job-related sexual discrimination. Next, conceptions of gender identity among policewomen are analyzed, and the ideologies of "femininity" and "feminism" in the Brazilian context are discussed. The final section compares views on the abuse of women with views on police brutality and relays incidences when the policewomen beat male prisoners. It is argued that certain forms of violence are actually considered necessary to maintain social order and enact justice. It is concluded that all of the involved parties, the state, the feminists, the female citizenry, and Salvador's female police, benefit in part from the existence of the specialized police stations but that there are serious problems also, especially the fact that the policewomen involved are given little or no special training and no career incentives. PMID:12321266

  12. Ultrapotassic rocks geology from Salgueiro region, Pernambuco state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cachoeirinha-Salgueiro belt has Proterozoic age and is located in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil. The ultrapotassic rocks from Salgueiro region intrudes the Cachoeirinha-Salgueiro belt rocks. The ultrapotassics from Salgueiro region constitutes of three units; Serra do Livramento pluton, and two dyke swarms called respectively beige alkali feldspar granites and green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite. The Serra do Livramento pluton shows E-W direction, boudin shape, width between 0,15 and 2,10 km, and it is intruded into metamorphic rocks and into the Terra Nova complex. Detailed geological mapping at the Serra das Duas Irmas allowed us to establish the dyke swarm chronology. The mapping reveals seven intrusion episodes, into the Terra Nova pluton, of green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite and five episodes of bege alkali feldspar granite. They alternate between them in space and time, and there are evidence that they were intruded under the tectonic control of the Pernambuco lineament. A systematic whole-rock Rb-Sr geochronology was done in the green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite, and an age of 514,8 ± 20,3 Ma was obtained. The initial ratio is 0,710615 + 0,000441. The age obtained shows small error and an initial ratio compatible with a strong crustal contamination. (author)

  13. 76 FR 65696 - Request for Applicants for the Appointment to the United States-Brazil CEO Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... Forum AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In March 2007, the Governments of the United States and Brazil established the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum. This... representatives to the current U.S. Section of the Forum. The current U.S. Section term will expire on August...

  14. Dictyoceratida (Porifera: Demospongiae) from Tropical Southwestern Atlantic (Northeastern Brazil, Sergipe State) and the description of three new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandes, Joana; Pinheiro, Ulisses

    2014-01-01

    Five species of dictyoceratid sponges were collected from trawling on the continental shelf of Sergipe State, Northeastern Brazil, of which three are new to science: Ircinia sergipana sp. nov., Ircinia repens sp. nov., Ircinia strobilina, Hyattella cavernosa and Smenospongia ramosa sp. nov., the latter the first record of the genus Smenospongia from Brazil.  PMID:25081789

  15. Oficinas líticas do litoral central de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Comerlato

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this visual essay is to present the diversity of forms, volumes and textures of fixed sharpener-polishers throughout archaeological sites in the islands and beaches of Santa Catarina. These photographs were part of the exhibition "Paths of Archaeology" held at the Museum "Prof. Oswaldo Rodrigues Cabral" at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC during the years 1996 to 2003. The exhibit was visited by approximately 20,000 people. Through pictures and short descriptions, this exhibition sought to raise public awareness for the preservation of archaeological sites. A second version, parallel to the exposed at UFSC, was presented at the Floral Shop & Music (Florianópolis, at the Cultural Centre Bento Silvério (Florianópolis, the Alliance Française of Florianópolis, on the campus of Palhoça at the University of Vale do Itajai (UNIVALI-Palhoça, the Historical Museum of São José (São José, at Espaço Cultural 14 (Florianópolis, the Public Records of the State of Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, in the Meetings of the Museological Studies in Itapiranga and Gaspar, among other places.

  16. Angiostrongylus costaricensis: first record of its occurrence in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, and a review of its geographic distribution Angiostrongylus costaricensis: primeiro relato de sua ocorrência no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, e revisão de sua distribuição geográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Patrus M. Pena

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic disease caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a metastrongylid nematode with wide geographic distribution, occurring from the United States to Argentina. In Brazil, the disease has been reported from the States of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Federal District of Brasilia and Minas Gerais. We report here a case of abdominal angiostrongyliasis in a 9-year-old girl, from Itatiba, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, submitted to exploratory laparotomy for acute abdomen. Extensive inflammatory lesions of terminal ileum and cecum, with perforations of the first, were present, and ileocecal resection was performed. The pathological picture was characterized by transmural inflammatory granulomatous reaction, extensive eosinophilic infiltration, eosinophilic vasculitis and the presence of worms within a mesenteric artery branch, with histological features of metastrongylid nematodes. This case report contributes to a better knowledge of the geographic distribution of this parasite in Brazil, suggesting that abdominal angiostrongyliasis may represent a disease of medical importance, more than a rarity of academic interest.Angiostrongylus costaricensis, um parasita nematódeo, com ampla distribuição geográfica, é o agente causal da angiostrongilíase abdominal. No Brasil, a doença tem sido descrita nos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo e Minas Gerais e no Distrito Federal. Relatamos a ocorrência de um caso de angiostrongilíase abdominal no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Paciente de 9 anos de idade, sexo feminino, foi submetida a laparotomia exploradora por abdômen agudo. Foram observadas lesões inflamatórias extensas de íleo terminal e ceco, com perfuração do íleo, tendo sido realizada ressecção do segmento acometido. O estudo anatomopatológico mostrou inflamação granulomatosa transmural, infiltrado intenso de eosin

  17. Rediscovery and geographic distribution of Philodryas agassizii (Jan, 1863 (Squamata: Dipsadidae in the state of Paraná, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Alves de Souza Filho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philodryas agassizii (Dipsadidae occurs in Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay; in Brazil, it has been recorded in open areas of the regions Northeast, Central-West, Southeast and South. In the state of Paraná, it has only old records in southeastern of the state. We report, here, the rediscovery of P. agassizii in Paraná, forty years after the last record, and review its distribution within the state, including the central-south region.

  18. Rediscovery and geographic distribution of Philodryas agassizii (Jan, 1863) (Squamata: Dipsadidae) in the state of Paraná, Southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gilberto Alves de Souza Filho; Luciano Leandro Plombon

    2014-01-01

    Philodryas agassizii (Dipsadidae) occurs in Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay; in Brazil, it has been recorded in open areas of the regions Northeast, Central-West, Southeast and South. In the state of Paraná, it has only old records in southeastern of the state. We report, here, the rediscovery of P. agassizii in Paraná, forty years after the last record, and review its distribution within the state, including the central-south region.

  19. Macroeconomic effects of oil price shocks in Brazil and in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► We find that output growth volatility in the US has been decreasing over time. ► The contribution of oil price shocks to such volatility has also been decreasing. ► In Brazil, oil shocks do not seem to have a clear impact on growth. ► They account for a small fraction of the Brazilian inflation and output volatility. ► Counterfactuals show US output would be 10% less volatile with Brazil’s oil import share. - Abstract: This paper studies the effects of oil price shocks in the last 30 years on the Brazilian and American inflation rate and rhythm of economic activity. The Brazilian and the United States economies are interesting polar cases, since they had a completely different path on the oil import dependence rate. While the oil import dependence rate has increase sharply in the United States (US), it has decreased substantially in Brazil. We found that output growth volatility in the United States has been decreasing over time as well as the contribution of oil price shocks to such volatility, despite the increase in oil import dependence. Inflation volatility has also been decreasing but oil price shocks are accounting for a larger fraction of this volatility in the US. In Brazil, such shocks do not seem to have a clear impact on output growth and they account for a very small fraction of the Brazilian inflation and output growth rate volatility. We finally run some counterfactual experiments to analyze how real output growth in the United States would had been if net oil import share in the United States behaved similarly to what was observed in Brazil. We conclude that output level would be roughly the same, however, it would be about 10% less volatile if the US had the actual Brazilian oil import share

  20. Characterization of autochthonous wine yeasts isolated in vineyards of the State of Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samarina Rodrigues Wlodarczyk

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The transformation of grape must into wine is a complex microbiological process and is the product of the combined action of several genera and species of yeasts, dominated in the intermediate and final stages of fermentation by an alcohol-tolerant Saccharomyces sp. Current assay characterizes 42 autochthonous yeasts, isolated from the state of Paraná, southern Brazil, according to the following oenological properties: H2S production, fermentation rate, flocculation capacity, and killer phenotype (killer, sensitive and neutral characteristics. Current analysis is the first to evaluate killer phenotype in yeasts isolated from the State of Paraná, Brazil. With regard to their oenological traits, the yeasts evaluated were not suitable for winemaking and suggested that, depending on the harvest, the winemakers may face problems during the spontaneous wine production process.

  1. Energy balance of Parana State, Brazil - 1980/1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energetic information in the period of 1980/1990 are presented in this balance presenting the energy primary and secondary sources from the production until the final consumption in Parana State. Statistical data about energy consumption, external market, resources and reserves are included. (C.G.C.)

  2. Energy balance of Sao Paulo State, Brazil - 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sao Paulo State total consumption in 1986 is presented, including information of production consumption of energy in the main economics sectors. Some historical aspects, resources, reserves and considerations about equipment and electricity gas and petroleum distribution are also shown. (C.G.C.)

  3. Microalgae of the continental shelf off Paraná State, southeastern Brazil: a review of studies

    OpenAIRE

    Brandini, Frederico P.; Luciano F. Fernandes

    1996-01-01

    The paper reviews the taxonomic and ecological works on marine microalgae (phytoplankton and microphytobenthos) off Paraná State, Southeastern Brazil. Various studies refer to the taxonomy of benthic diatoms. Few descriptive field works in coastal and adjacent shelf waters contribute to the understanding of phytoplankton dynamics in coastal and shelf areas. Patterns of geographic distribution and changes in the phytoplankton community are described in relation to water masses and seasonal var...

  4. Environmental water quality assessment in Guaratuba bay, state of Paraná, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Byanka Damian Mizerkowski; Eunice da Costa Machado; Nilva Brandini; Mariana Gallucci Nazario; Kleber Vieira Bonfim

    2012-01-01

    An environmental assessment of the estuarine waters of Guaratuba bay, Paraná State, Brazil, is provided through the analysis of physical-chemical, biological and hydrographic dynamics. Twelve stations with a bi-monthly frequency (from October/2002 until August/2003) were sampled during spring and neap tides for the determination of pH, Secchi depth, CO2 saturation, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll, suspended particulate matter and dissolved inorganic nutrients (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosph...

  5. Physicochemical composition of Apis mellifera honey samples from São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Carlos Marchini; Augusta Carolina de Camargo Carmello Moreti; Ivani Pozar Otsuk; Geni da Silva Sodré

    2007-01-01

    This research, developed with Apis mellifera honey samples from producers of São Paulo State, Brazil, has the objective of verifying how eucalyptus, wild flower, and orange honey samples would be clustered, based on physicochemical characteristics. All the orange honey samples and some wild flower ones formed distinct groups, thus confirming that the floral source interferes with honey characteristics. Eucalyptus and some of the wild flower honey samples were clustered together because of the...

  6. Pleural tuberculosis in the state of Roraima, Brazil, between 2005 and 2013: quality of diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Tao; da Fonseca, Allex Jardim; Buenafuente, Sandra Maria Franco

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the quality of diagnosis and the epidemiological profile of patients with pleural tuberculosis in the state of Roraima, Brazil, in order to provide technical support for the development and implementation of public policies to combat the disease. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study designed to determine the prevalence of pleural forms of tuberculosis in Roraima between 2005 and 2013 and to evaluate the diagnostic criteria used, as well as their determinants. This ...

  7. Pleural tuberculosis in the state of Roraima, Brazil, between 2005 and 2013: quality of diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Tao Machado; Allex Jardim da Fonseca; Sandra Maria Franco Buenafuente

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the quality of diagnosis and the epidemiological profile of patients with pleural tuberculosis in the state of Roraima, Brazil, in order to provide technical support for the development and implementation of public policies to combat the disease. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study designed to determine the prevalence of pleural forms of tuberculosis in Roraima between 2005 and 2013 and to evaluate the diagnostic criteria used, as well as their determinants. Th...

  8. Enhanced degradation of metalaxyl in agricultural soils of São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Papini Solange; Andréa Mara Mercedes de

    2001-01-01

    This work investigated the effect of repeated applications on enhanced degradation of metalaxyl in two different agricultural soils used for cultivation of orange and lemon from Casa Branca and Itapetininga districts of São Paulo State, Brazil. Soil samples were collected from areas repeatedly treated with commercial ridomil 50GR for six successive years, and from other areas never exposed to this fungicide. At the laboratory, soil samples received a 14C-metalaxyl solution and its degradation...

  9. Occupational structure and socioeconomic inequality: a comparative study between Brazil and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Gori Maia; Arthur Sakamoto

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACTThis paper explores how occupational structure is associated with economic inequality in Brazil in comparison to the United States. Changes in the Brazilian and American occupational structures between 1983 and 2011 are investigated in order to assess how closely they generate high socioeconomic inequalities. The effects of education, age, gender and race on occupational attainment are taken into account. Highlights of the results include: (1) a higher level of socioeconomic developme...

  10. Betrayal Aversion: Evidence from Brazil, China, Oman, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Iris Bohnet; Fiona Greig; Benedikt Herrmann; Richard Zeckhauser

    2008-01-01

    Due to betrayal aversion, people take risks less willingly when the agent of uncertainty is another person rather than nature. Individuals in six countries (Brazil, China, Oman, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States) confronted a binary-choice trust game or a risky decision offering the same payoffs and probabilities. Risk acceptance was calibrated by asking individuals their "minimum acceptable probability" (MAP) for securing the high payoff that would make them willing to accept the ri...

  11. Discourses of cyberspace securitization in Brazil and in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    LUÍSA CRUZ LOBATO; KAI MICHAEL KENKEL

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This paper uses the framework of the Copenhagen School to understand the process of securitization of cyberspace, exploring how something in such sphere becomes a threat. Seeking to contribute to the debate, this study analyses the securitization discourses of Brazil and of the United States from Hansen and Nissenbaum's (2009) theorization about the existence of a specific sector for cybersecurity. To comprehend the securitization of cyberspace in these terms allows not only to ident...

  12. Organic micropollutants on river sediments from Rio de Janeiro State, Southeast Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    João Paulo de Machado Torres; Olaf Malm; Elisa Diniz Reis Vieira; Jan Japenga; Gerwin Ferdinand Koopmans

    2002-01-01

    The paper is a contribution for the knowledge upon concentrations and fate of different kinds of organic micropollutants in Tropical River system from a very industrialized region in Brazil. The presented data was obtained during three years of an International Research Project between Brazilian and Dutch institutions. The sediments were sampled at the Paraiba do Sul-Guandu river watershed, the most important watercourse of Rio de Janeiro state, where up 90 % of the population depends on its ...

  13. Hydrological studies in experimental and representative basins in Pernambuco State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Montenegro, S.M.G.L.; da Silva, B. B.; A. C. D. Antonino; J. R. S. Lima; E.S. Souza; de Oliveira, L. M. M.; de Moura, A. E. S. S.; Souza, R. M. S.

    2014-01-01

    Hydrological studies in experimental and representative basins are of fundamental importance for water resources management. This paper presents some activities of hydrological research in experimental and representative basins of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The study areas are located at Tapacurá and Mundaú representative basins and at the Gameleira experimental basin, and in experimental plots in Pajeú basin. In the Tapacurá basin, three studies were performed: (1) different monthly co...

  14. Interstitial nephritis of slaughtered pigs in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    João X. Oliveira Filho; Daphine A.J. de Paula; Nelson Morés; Caroline A. Pescador; Janice R. Ciacci-Zanella; Arlei Coldebella; Valéria Dutra; Luciano Nakazato

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluated histological lesions in kidney samples from pigs with nephritis in two slaughterhouses in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Four hundred samples were subjected to histology, anti-porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) immunohistochemistry (IHC), anti-Leptospira sp. immunofluorescence (IF), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for PCV2, porcine parvovirus (PPV), and Torque teno virus type 1 and 2 (TTV1, TTV2) detection. Histological lesions were found in 81% of the samples, and m...

  15. Energy balance of Sao Paulo state, Brazil 2009. Calendar year 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the consolidated annual energy balances and also tables and graphics which detailed the evolution and the present status of offer and demand of each energy resources used by Sao Paulo, Brazil, economy and regional and environmental information. It covers the period of 1995 to 2008 and includes energy fluxes of the energy primary and secondary resources, from the production to the final consumption of the main sectors of the state economy

  16. FRUIT MORPHOLOGY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF BABASSU PALMS IN NORTHERN MINAS GERAIS STATE, BRAZIL1

    OpenAIRE

    Marcio Lisboa Guedes; Paulo Henrique Gonçalves Ferreira; Karla Nayara Oliveira Santana; Márcio Antônio Silva Pimenta; Leonardo Monteiro Ribeiro

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to morphologically characterize fruits of the babassu palm tree (Attalea vitrivir) and to estimate their productivity in the north of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Twenty mature fruits were collected from 10 plants in three different areas in Januária, Minas Gerais. Eighteen biometric parameters of the fruits were measured, the oil contents of the seeds was determined, the adherence to normal distribution was evaluated, distribution frequencies were ev...

  17. Characterization and classification of two soils derived from basic rocks in Pernambuco State Coast, Northeast Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira Lindomário Barros de; Ferreira Maria da Graça de Vasconcelos Xavier; Marques Flávio Adriano

    2004-01-01

    Geomorphic surfaces that present soils derived from basic rocks under warm and humid climate are unique scenarios for studying tropical soils. This paper aimed to characterize and classify two pedons derived from basalt at the Atlantic Forest Zone, Pernambuco State, Northeastern coast of Brazil. Two representative pedons (P1 and P2) were selected on a hillslope at the Cabo de Santo Agostinho municipality. Field macromorphological descriptions were carried out and soil horizon were sampled for...

  18. Some oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida from the State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anibal Ramadan Oliveira

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available A survey was conducted in three sites from northern and mid-eastern regions of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, to determine oribatid mite composition in patches of seasonal semideciduous forest and soybean crop plantation. A list of 52 taxa, 24 at the species level and 28 only at the genus level, is given, 27 of which are new records for the region.

  19. Phosphate sequence study of Boqueirâo pegmatite (Rio Grande Do Norte State, Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Amores, S.; de Brito, S.; Espallargas, R.; Fontan, F.; Melgarejo i Draper, Joan-Carles

    2014-01-01

    The Boqueirão pegmatite is located in the Borborema Pegmatite Province in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (NE Brazil) hosted by Neoproterozoic taconglomerates of Equador Formation. The pegma tite occurs as a concentric body displaying characteristic units according their mineralogy. The border and wall zones are composed by quartz, microcline and muscovite often displaying skeletal and graphic textures with accessory tourmaline and garnet. The intermediate zone is divided in two distinct sub...

  20. Cetacean records along São Paulo state coast, Southeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos César de Oliveira Santos; Salvatore Siciliano; André Fabiano de Castro Vicente; Fernando Siqueira Alvarenga; Émerson Zampirolli; Shirley Pacheco de Souza; Andréa Maranho

    2010-01-01

    The São Paulo state (SP) coast (23º18'S, 44º42'W; 25º14'S, 48º01'W) is of approximately 600 km in length, bordering the Western Atlantic Ocean, in southeastern Brazil. Cetacean sightings and strandings have long been observed throughout this area. Scattered data from scientific publications, skeletal remains in museums, photographs and articles from newspaper files, universities and aquaria have been organised and updated since 1993. Field investigations on strandings and sightings have also ...

  1. Two new species of Thaumastus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Orthalicidae: Bulimulinae) from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Meire Silva Pena; Norma Campos Salgado; Arnaldo C. dos Santos Coelho

    2011-01-01

    Two new species of Thaumastus (Thaumastus) from the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, are described. They are diagnosed and characterized by the morphology of the shell and soft parts and compared with Brazilian species of the subgenus Thaumastus s.s. Martens, 1860. Thaumastus (T.) parvus sp. nov. is similar to T. (T.) baixoguanduensis Pena, Coelho & Salgado, 1996 but can be distinguished by the smaller size, smaller number of plates in the jaw, different number of follicle groups i...

  2. Characterization of a foodborne outbreak caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Regina Pires Carneiro; Pedro Hernan Cabello; Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti Albuquerque-Junior; Sona Jain; Alexandre Luna Candido

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In December 2001, an outbreak of foodborne gastroenteritis infected 114 of 161 people who ate at a restaurant in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. METHODS: The epidemiological and microbiological aspects of the outbreak were characterized. RESULTS: Potato salad made with homemade mayonnaise and stored at unsuitable temperatures was associated with increased risk of foodborne infection. Salmonella Enteritidis was isolated from the diarrheal stools of the hospitalized patients, a...

  3. Serological evidence of hantavirus infection in rural and urban regions in the state of Amazonas, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    João Bosco Lima Gimaque; Michele de Souza Bastos; Wornei Silva Miranda Braga; Cintia Mara Costa de Oliveira; Márcia da Costa Castilho; Regina Maria Pinto de Figueiredo; Elizabeth dos Santos Galusso; Evaulino Ferreira Itapirema; Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo; Maria Paula Gomes Mourão

    2012-01-01

    Hantavirus disease is caused by the hantavirus, which is an RNA virus belonging to the family Bunyaviridae. Hantavirus disease is an anthropozoonotic infection transmitted through the inhalation of aerosols from the excreta of hantavirus-infected rodents. In the county of Itacoatiara in the state of Amazonas (AM), Brazil, the first human cases of hantavirus pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome were described in July 2004. These first cases were followed by two fatal cases, one in the municip...

  4. Syphilis in pregnancy and congenital syphilis in Amazonas State, Brazil: an evaluation using database linkage

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Marques de Oliveira Soeiro; Angélica Espinosa Miranda; Valeria Saraceni; Marcelo Cordeiro dos Santos; Sinesio Talhari; Luiz Carlos Lima Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzes notification of syphilis in pregnancy and congenital syphilis in Amazo- nas State, Brazil, from 2007 to 2009 and verifies underreporting in databases in the National Information System on Diseases of Notification (SINAN) and the occurrence of perinatal deaths associated with congenital syphilis and not reported in the Mortality Information System (SIM). This was a cross-sectional study with probabilistic record linkage between the SINAN and SIM. There were 666 reports of s...

  5. Environmental performance of aquaculture in Rondônia state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Aurélio Ferreira Borges; Anderson Alves Santos; José Luiz Pereira de Rezende; Maria dos Anjos Cunha Silva Borges; Abílio da Paixão Ciríaco; Thaís Muniz Ottoni Santiago

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the environmental performance of aquaculture in the city of Colorado do Oeste, Rondônia State, Brazil. Fifteen fish farmers were interviewed. For data collection, structured interviews were carried out, using a questionnaire based on information supplied by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The questionnaire considered 12 items, organized into three main topics: a) social and legal standards b) environmental standards c) sta...

  6. Ethnotaxonomy of birds by the inhabitants of Pedra Branca Village, Santa Teresinha municipality, Bahia state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Galvagne Loss, Ana Teresa; Costa Neto, Eraldo Medeiros; Machado, Caio Graco; Flores, Fernando Moreira

    2014-01-01

    Background Studies on popular names of birds help to understand the relationship between human beings and birds and it also contributes to the field of ornithology. Methods This study aims to register the ethnotaxonomy of birds in the village of Pedra Branca, Santa Teresinha municipality, Bahia State, Brazil, by cataloguing and identifying their popular names, besides understanding the ethnoclassification system of local bird species. The ethno-ornithological data were obtained by means of se...

  7. Energy balance of Sao Paulo state, Brazil 2008. Calendar year 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the consolidated annual energy balances and also tables and graphics which detailed the evolution and the present status of offer and demand of each energy resources used by Sao Paulo, Brazil, economy and regionalized and environmental information. It covers the period of 1994 to 2007 and includes energy fluxes of the energy primary and secondary resources, from the production to the final consumption of the main sectors of the state economy

  8. Congenital Neosporosis in Goats from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Varaschin, Mary S.; Hirsch, Christian; Wouters, Flademir; Nakagaki, Karen Y.; Guimarães, Antônio M.; Santos, Domingos S.; Bezerra, Pedro S.; Rafael C. Costa; Peconick, Ana P.; Ingeborg M. Langohr

    2012-01-01

    Congenital Neospora caninum infection was diagnosed in two Saanen goat kids from two distinct herds with a history of abortion and weak newborn goat kids in the Southern region of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The first kid was weak at birth, had difficulty to rise and was unable to nurse. Gross lesions of porencephaly and hydrocephalus ex vacuo were seen. Multifocal necrosis, gliosis and non-supurative encephalitis were observed in the brain. Several parasitic cysts with a thick wall th...

  9. Cell phone recycling experiences in the United States and potential recycling options in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Geraldo T R; Chang, Shoou-Yuh

    2010-11-01

    This paper presents an overview of cell phone recycling programs currently available in the United States. At the same time, it also provides analyses of the current recycling situation and possible recycling alternatives for Brazil. Although there are several recycling options in the United States, collection rates are still only 10% of all potential devices because customers are not aware of these possibilities. The whole system is financially based on reselling refurbished cell phones and recycled materials to developing countries which represent an effective and strong market. Several recyclers offer funds to collection partners who are either charities or who work with charities while obtaining the materials that they need in order to run their operations. A mobile phone recycling system for Brazil considering the United States experience and the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) principle is suggested. A deposit/refund/advance-recycling fee is proposed which might be implemented as a voluntary industrial initiative managed by PRO Brazil, a producer responsibility organization. One widespread public-private agreement will integrate all mobile phone stakeholders, and environmental education actions and promotional events will promote citizen's participation. PMID:20554440

  10. Radiological emergencies attendances in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Radiological Emergency Attendance Group (SAER) of the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN) was reorganized to offer the technical expertise on radiological protection to the community of Minas Gerais State. Response to many calls during 2000-2001 was provided. This paper describes the adopted procedure to look for the two 137 Cs brachytherapy sources which were lost by a hospital in Belo Horizonte. (author)

  11. Epidemiological aspects of dengue in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    José Antonio Barreto Alves; Jokasta Rodrigues Santos; Emanuelle Nabuco de Mendonça; Ana Cristina Freire Abud; Mariangela da Silva Nunes; Ricardo Fakhouri; Ana Dorcas de Melo Inagaki; Murilo Marchioro; Angelo Roberto Antoniolli

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The dengue fever remains to be a disease of serious public health concern, and its incidence has increased in the past decades. This study aimed to characterize the epidemiological incidence of dengue in the period 2001-2010. METHODS: This is an epidemiological study of dengue in the municipality of Aracaju, state of Sergipe, in the period between 2001 and 2010, whose data were obtained from the Information System of Diseases Notifications. A descriptive analysis of the number o...

  12. How important is agriculture and familiar agriculture agribusiness for Brazil and its states: an interregional input-output approach

    OpenAIRE

    Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins; Ichihara, Silvio Massaru; Silveira, Fernando Gaiger; Diniz, Bernando P. Campolina; Azzoni, Carlos Roberto; Moreira, Guilherme R. C.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is estimate how important is agriculture and familiar agriculture agribusiness for Brazil and its states. To do so, the GDP for the agribusiness of these complexes is estimated for Brazil and for its 27 states. The estimation is based on an interregional input-output system constructed for the Brazilian economy. The agribusiness takes into consideration the relations between the agriculture production and the other sectors in the economy (inputs for production, industry,...

  13. Epidemiology of infectious meningitis in the State of Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria das Graças Gomes Saraiva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: In the State of Amazonas, particularly in the capital Manaus, meningitis has affected populations of different cultures and social strata over the years. Bacterial meningitis is caused by several different species and represents a major issue of public health importance. The present study reports the meningitis case numbers with different etiologies in Amazonas from January 1976 to December 2012. METHODS: Since the 1970s, the (currently named Tropical Medicine Foundation of Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado [Fundação de Medicina Tropical Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado (FMT-HVD] has remained a reference center in Amazonas for the treatment of meningitis through the diagnosis and notification of cases and the confirmation of such cases using specific laboratory tests. RESULTS: The foundation has achieved coverage of over 90% of the state medical records for many years. Between 1990 and 2012, meningitis cases caused by Haemophilus influenzae decreased with the introduction of the H. influenzae vaccine. Meningococcal disease previously had a higher frequency of serogroup B disease, but starting in 2008, the detection of serogroup C increased gradually and has outpaced the detection of serogroup B. Recently, surveillance has improved the etiological definition of viral meningitis at FMT-HVD, with enteroviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV and varicella zoster virus (VZV prevailing in this group of pathogens. With the advent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, cryptococcal meningitis has become an important disease in Amazonas. Additionally, infectious meningitis is an important burden in the State of Amazonas. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the epidemiological profile for the different etiology-defined cases are the result of continuous epidemiological surveillance and laboratory capacity improvements and control measures, such as Haemophilus influenzae vaccination.

  14. Radioactivity in soils of the Sao Paulo State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: For proper management of soil and groundwater quality, background levels of toxic elements in a given ecosystem must be known. The main aim of the present study is to perform a radioactive characterization of representative soils from the Sao Paulo State, in order to determine background levels for some selected radionuclides, which could be used as a quality reference value. Soil types and sampling places were chosen according to their representativeness and spatial distribution in the State geological formations, taking also into account their nearness to large urban areas. Thirty samples were collected in areas presenting low antrophic perturbation - native vegetation or ancient reforestation -, minimizing the chances that selected areas could have sustained antrophic effects in recent past. Activity concentration of U-nat, Th-nat, 228Th, 228Ra, 226Ra, 210Pb, 137Cs and 40K were evaluated and correlated with soil mineralogical characteristics. The samples were measured by means of passive gamma spectrometry and spectrophotometry, employing Arsenazo III. Results showed a wide variation on background levels for natural radionuclides of the uranium and thorium series, and very low concentration of 137Cs from radioactive fallout, ranging from -1 for U-nat, 8 to 82 Bq.kg-1 for Th-nat, 4.8 to 120 Bq.kg-1 for 228Th, 3.3 to 97.6 Bq.kg-1 for 228Ra, 1.0 to 61.8 Bq.kg-1 for 226Ra, -1 for 210Pb, 0.8 to 4.1 Bq.kg-1 for 137Cs and 15.3 to 516 Bq.kg-1 for 40 K. No significant correlation could be observed between the clay, silt and sand content in the samples and the respective activity concentration of the radionuclides. (author)

  15. Giardiasis in children and dogs from the same household and from the suburbs of Lages, southern Brazil Giardíase em crianças e cães do mesmo domicílio e de bairros periféricos de Lages, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David José Miquelluti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the giardiasis prevalence and the association between infection in children and dogs sharing the same household in six neighborhoods located in the suburbs of Lages, southern Brazil. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 105 children and 105 dogs living in the same household. The children, aged between zero and 12 years, were attended in health centers accredited with the Family Health Team Program in six neighborhoods from July to November 2005. Stool samples were processed using the zinc sulfate flotation centrifugation method. The data were analyzed by Pearson’s chi-square test (2 with a 5% significance level. Results: The giardiasis prevalence was 20% (21 for the children and 18% (19 for the dogs. The concordance of positive test results between children and dogs amounted to 18% (19 (χ2 = 10.86 and p=0.00098. Regarding the children’s ages (χ2 =2.64 and p=0.7552 and according to the logistic regression (p=0.684, the percentage of positive/negative children remained unchanged. The odds ratio shows that a child living in a household with Giardia-positive dogs is 5.5 times more likely to be infected than a child who lives under the same roof with Giardia-negative dogs. Conclusion: A high prevalence of Giardia was found among the investigated children and dogs. Dogs must be submitted to parasitological tests on a routine basis and treated so that they do not infect other dogs, or family members.Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência de giardíase e a relação entre a infecção em crianças e cães do mesmo domicílio, de seis bairros da periferia de Lages, Santa Catarina. Materiais e Métodos: O estudo foi transversal, com amostragem de 105 crianças e 105 cães do mesmo domicílio. As crianças que participaram da pesquisa, com idade entre zero e doze anos, foram atendidas em postos de saúde do Programa de Equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF de seis bairros

  16. Evolution of bacterial meningitis diagnosis in Sao Paulo State-Brazil and future challenges

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    Maristela Marques Salgado

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial meningitis (BM is a severe disease and still represents a serious public health problem with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The most common cases of BM around the world, mainly in Brazil, have been caused by Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b. Bacterial culture is the gold-standard technique for BM confirmation, but approximately 50% of suspected cases are not culture-confirmed, due to problems related to improper transportation and seeding or previous antibiotic treatment. Immunological methods present low sensitivity and have possibility of cross-reactions. Real time PCR (qPCR is a molecular technique and has been successful used for BM diagnosis at Instituto Adolfo Lutz in São Paulo State, Brazil, since 2007. The incorporation of qPCR in the Public Health surveillance routine in our state resulted in diminishing 50% of undetermined BM cases. Our efforts are focused on qPCR implementation in the BM diagnostic routine throughout Brazil.

  17. [Identification of schistosomiasis risk areas using spatial analysis in Lauro de Freitas, Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardim, Luciana Lobato; Ferraudo, Antonio Sergio; Pacheco, Selma Turrioni Azevedo; Reis, Renato Barbosa; Silva, Marta Mariana Nascimento; Carneiro, Deborah Daniela M Trabuco; Bavia, Maria Emilia

    2011-05-01

    The spread of schistosomiasis mansoni defies efforts by Brazil's Unified National Health System, thus demonstrating the need to reassess endemic control programs in the country. The aim of this study was to demarcate geographic areas at risk of schistosomiasis in Lauro de Freitas, Bahia State, Brazil, and to establish the epidemiological and socioeconomic profile of the disease in this municipality (county). Kernel density estimator exploratory analysis was used for visual identification of areas at risk. Kulldorff & Nagarwalla's spatial analysis was used to obtain statistically significant clusters and to measure risk. These technologies identified four risk areas for schistosomiasis. Clusters identified within the risk areas were characterized by lower socioeconomic conditions. Multiple correspondence analyses showed a distinct profile for positive patients in the primary cluster. The techniques employed here represent an important methodological acquisition for tracking and controlling schistosomiasis in Lauro de Freitas. PMID:21655841

  18. [Professional practices in public dental healthcare: case study of two municipal districts, Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Sônia Cristina Lima; da Silva, Lígia Maria Vieira

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the working facilities and processes of dentists in the primary healthcare systems of two towns in Bahia State, Brazil, striving to analyze the extent to which factors related to dental care, training, placement and professional profiles influence their practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine dentists in both towns, with work process organization patterns in Municipality C being closer to the structuring principles of Brazil's National Health System than in Municipality E. This seems to be related to management characteristics, with networking links among individual, collective, and preventive clinical activities and planning noted in Municipality C. Despite these differences, the practitioners presented similarities in terms of dual militancy and perceptions of the public and private healthcare fields. The hegemony of the private sector seems to be influencing the professional practices of dentists in the public health system. PMID:18813506

  19. Evaluation of umbu-caja germplasm in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Rogério Ritzinger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The umbu-caja is a tree native to the Northeastern region of Brazil, with promising perspectives of economicuse. Aiming to detect variability in the species, 43 umbu-caja genotypes were identified in 14 counties of the state of Bahia,Brazil. Fruits of these genotypes were collected for physical, chemical and physico-chemical analysis. The range of variationof all analyzed traits was large. Among genotypes, there was, however, predominance of pear-shaped to slightly pear-shapedfruits, fruit weight ranging from 15 g to 27 g, pulp/seed index around 2.0, total titratable acidity between 1.5 and 2.6%, totalsoluble solids between 9.0º and 14.0º Brix, and vitamin C content ranging from 3.6 to 16.4 mg ascorbic acid 100g pulp-1. Thepresence of seeds in genotypes ranged from 5 to 100 % of fruits without seeds.

  20. Parasites of Psittaciformes and Accipitriformes in Paraíba state, northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, Cristiane Maria Fernandes de; Oliveira, Jaqueline Bianque; Feitosa, Thais Ferreira; Vilela, Vinícius Longo Ribeiro; Athayde, Ana Célia Rodrigues; Dantas, Antônio Flávio Medeiros; Wagner, Paulo Guilherme Carniel; Febrônio, Andrei Brum

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the presence of gastrointestinal helminths in 97 captive birds (Psittaciformes and Accipitriformes) necropsied between June and December 2011 in the state of Paraiba, Brazil. Forty-three birds were infected. Psittaciformes were infected by nematode Ascaridia hermaphrodita (97.6%) and cestode Raillietina sp. (2.4%). A. hermaphrodita was found in all species of parrots and Raillietina sp. was found only in Amazona aestiva. A. hermaphrodita was the cause of death, by intestinal obstruction, in 14 of the 40 birds investigated. Accipitriformes were infected by nematode Synhimantus (Synhimantus) rectus (100%) and acantocephalan Centrorhynchus tumidulus (50%). In Brazil, Diopsittaca nobilis and A. aestiva are reported for the first time as hosts of A. hermaphrodita and Raillietina sp., respectively. We concluded that Psittaciformes and Accipitriformes in captivity are affected by nematodes, cestodes and acanthocephalans and that implementation of control measures is essential. PMID:23856738

  1. Nematodes associated with five fruit trees in the state of Amapá, Brazil

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    Rodrigo Souza Santos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to conduct a survey on nematodes associated with five cultivated fruit trees growing in the Agroforestry System (AFS of the municipality of Oiapoque, Amapá, Brazil. Rhizosphere samples were collected from three points at the base of murici ( Byrsonima sp., soursop ( Annona muricata , cupuaçu ( Theobroma grandiflorum , passion fruit ( Passiflora sp. and peach palm ( Bactris gasipaes trees. Four species of phytonematodes were identified, namely Pratylenchus brachyurus, Helicotylenchus dihystera, Mesocriconema xenoplax and Rotylenchulus reniformis . The most prevalent and abundant species was R. reniformis , which was found in the rhizospheres of passion fruit, cupuaçu, soursop, and peach palm. The first record in Brazil of the nematode P. brachyurus , found in the roots of murici is reported here, and all of the nematode species identified here are the first records for fruit trees in the state of Amapá.

  2. First records of Zygnematales (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta for the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Ivania Batista de Oliveira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the first taxonomic inventory of the order Zygnematales in the Litoral Norte Environmentally Protected Area, in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Fifty samples of planktonic and periphytic material were collected, from lotic and lentic environments, during the summer (January-March and winter (June-August of 2009. We identified 18 taxa distributed among five genera (Cylindrocystis, Mougeotia, Netrium, Spirogyra, and Spirotaenia. Of those 18 taxa, eight were new additions to the Brazilian desmid flora: Mougeotia calcarea; Mougeotia elegantula; Spirogyra gracilis; Cylindrocystis crassa var. elliptica; Cylindrocystis brebissonii var. minor; Cylindrocystis brebissonii var. turgida; Netrium digitus var. parvum; and Netrium oblongum var. oblongum. The geographical distributions of ten taxa were extended to include northeastern Brazil.

  3. DENDROCLIMATOLOGY CORRELATIONS OF Eucalyptus grandis HILL EX MAIDEN OF RIO CLARO, RJ STATE - BRAZIL

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    Bruna Roque Ugulino de Oliveira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The commercial forests plantation contributes decisively to generate socio-economic and environmental benefits, providing sustainability at the forest-based industries. The Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden stand out as one of the most cultivated species for reforestation in Brazil. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between precipitation and wood production for 23-year old Eucalyptus grandis from a commercial plantation in Rio Claro, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. The annual increment of wood was determined by the X-ray densitometry, which provides a detailed wood density profile in radial direction for each sample. One year of the tree life was considered because this the period for the formation of two consecutive latewood rings formation, which corresponds to two high density peaks. The results showed a positive correlation between precipitation data and annual increment of wood, revealing the dendroclimatology potential of this species in this region.

  4. Rabies virus in Molossus molossus (Chiroptera: Molossidae in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

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    Luiz Augustinho Menezes da Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Rabies virus was detected in bats (Molossus molossus from an urban area in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Four individuals were found during the day in visible, non-habitual places, lying on the ground, but still alive. No contact occurred with people or animals. Of these, only two were identified; it was not possible to identify two specimens, since they were incinerated prior to identification. Diagnosis was positive by direct immunofluorescence and intracerebral inoculation in mice. This study presents the first instance in which the virus was detected in insectivorous bats in the State of Pernambuco.

  5. The electric power consumption in Paraiba State, Brazil: recent evolution and forecasting for the year 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last years the electrical energy has represented the main energetic in the consumption structure of the most important economic sets (countries, regions and states). This research analyses the recent evolution of the electrical energy consumption in the state of Paraiba, Brazil (1970/89), according to the main consuming classes (residential, industrial, commercial and other classes). It presents also some consumption perspectives until the year 2000, including the prospects of the demand and the necessary investments to its supply. (author). 4 refs., 13 tabs

  6. Nycteribiidae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea no Sul do Brasil Nycteribiidae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea in the Southern Region of Brazil

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    Gustavo Graciolli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Um levantamento taxonômico das espécies de Nycteribiidae e de seus hospedeiros foi realizado na Região Sul do Brasil, utilizando material depositados em coleções e dados de literatura. Foram encontradas um total de 12 espécies de Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 sobre oito espécies de morcegos pertencentes as famílias Phyllostomidae e Vespertilionidae. Considerando o número de espécies por estado, houve um decréscimo no sentido norte-sul. No Paraná, foram encontradas nove espécies, em Santa Catarina oito e no Rio Grande do Sul quatro. Basilia speiseri (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907 é registrada pela primeira vez nos estados do Paraná e de Santa Catarina. Basilia juquiensis Guimarães, 1943 e B. producta Maa, 1968 são novos registros para Santa Catarina e B. plaumanni Scott, 1940 é registrada pela primeira vez no Rio Grande do Sul. Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821 é registrado pela primeira vez como hospedeiro de B. producta e Myotis riparius Handley, 1960 de B. juquiensis. O macho de Basilia lindolphoi Graciolli, 2001 é descrito. Chave para as espécies de Basilia encontradas é disponibilizada.A survey of nicteribiid bat flies was carried out in the Southern Region of Brazil. Twelve species of Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 were recorded on eight species of bats. The number of species of Basilia decreased north to south. In the State of Paraná nine species were found, eight in Santa Catarina and four in Rio Grande do Sul. Basilia juquiensis Guimarães, 1943 and B. producta Maa, 1968 were recorded for the first time from Santa Catarina and B. plaumanni Scott, 1940 from Rio Grande do Sul. Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821 is been reported as a new host for B. producta and Myotis riparius Handley, 1960 for B. juquiensis. The male of Basilia lindolphoi Graciolli, 2001 is described. Key for the collected species of Basilia is given.

  7. Epidemiological aspects of dengue in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil

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    José Antonio Barreto Alves

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The dengue fever remains to be a disease of serious public health concern, and its incidence has increased in the past decades. This study aimed to characterize the epidemiological incidence of dengue in the period 2001-2010. METHODS: This is an epidemiological study of dengue in the municipality of Aracaju, state of Sergipe, in the period between 2001 and 2010, whose data were obtained from the Information System of Diseases Notifications. A descriptive analysis of the number of confirmed cases of dengue, according to year, semester, sanitary district, age, and sex, was performed. RESULTS: There were 16,462 confirmed cases, especially in 2008, which obtained the highest incidence of the disease, with 10,485 confirmed cases. The first semester obtained the highest registration of cases during the years of research; this was predominated by females between 15 and 49 years old. With regard to the territorial distribution, the second district of the municipality obtained the highest number of cases. CONCLUSIONS: In 2008, in the City of Aracaju, SE, a significant increase in the proportion of dengue cases compared with other years was verified. However, a fast decline in the other years was observed, possibly because of the intensification of preventive actions to combat the mosquito that transmits the dengue virus.

  8. Fasciola hepatica IN BOVINES IN BRAZIL: DATA AVAILABILITY AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION

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    Sita C. Bennema

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fasciolosis is a disease of importance for both veterinary and public health. For the first time, georeferenced prevalence data of Fasciola hepatica in bovines were collected and mapped for the Brazilian territory and data availability was discussed. Bovine fasciolosis in Brazil is monitored on a Federal, State and Municipal level, and to improve monitoring it is essential to combine the data collected on these three levels into one dataset. Data were collected for 1032 municipalities where livers were condemned by the Federal Inspection Service (MAPA/SIF because of the presence of F. hepatica. The information was distributed over 11 states: Espírito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and São Paulo. The highest prevalence of fasciolosis was observed in the southern states, with disease clusters along the coast of Paraná and Santa Catarina and in Rio Grande do Sul. Also, temporal variation of the prevalence was observed. The observed prevalence and the kriged prevalence maps presented in this paper can assist both animal and human health workers in estimating the risk of infection in their state or municipality.

  9. Radiation traces in exportation food samples of Parana State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work deals with radioactive traces measurements in foodstuffs produced at the State of Parana, with large export rate and also of nutritious products of some regional trading companies. The measured foods were: sulfite treated sugar, tea, mint candy, soy in grain, soy crumb, gross soy oil, gum free oil and commercial refined soy oil. Six samples of each lot of the analyzed material were prepared, which represent a sampling with 90% of confidence. The samples were sealed in Marinelli beaker of 2.1 L completely filled and kept during 40 days until secular equilibrium was achieved. The counting time for each measure was of 48 hours. Measurements were carried out by gamma-ray spectrometry employing a HPGe detector with 10% of relative efficiency, coupled to standard nuclear electronics and a 8 l multichannel card. The acquisition of the data was accomplished with the software MaestroTM, version 3.2. The energy resolution of the 137 Cs 661.62 keV gamma line was 1.75 keV. The larger intensity gamma lines observed in the spectra were from the following radionuclides: 228 Ac, 208 Tl, 212 Pb of the 232 Th series, 214 Bi and 214 Pb from the 238 U series, 227 Ac from the 235 U series and 40 K. Activities and lower level of detection limits were calculated according to the International Agency of Atomic Energy norms.The detector efficiency was measured using a 152 Eu certified source and IAEA-375 and IAEA-326 certified reference materials. For most of the radionuclides it was possible only the measurement of the minimum activity detectable in the foodstuffs. Self-attenuation corrections were accomplished with support literature results. The most important activity observed was that of 40 K, whose value measured for soy in natura was 745.0 +-9.1 Bq/kg and for the crumb soy 1473 ± 15 Bq/kg.. he measured activities of the several analyzed foods were compatible with the values expected for non contaminated normal environmental samples, except for soy crumb, whose 40 K

  10. Avaliação econômica de alternativas de investimentos no agronegócio da uva no meio oeste Catarinense Economic analysis of investment in the agribusiness of the grape in the half west Santa Catarina State

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    Carlos Leomar Kreuz

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as expectativas de retorno associadas ao agronegócio uva para vinho e para suco, no Meio Oeste Catarinense. Detalham-se os investimentos, os custos de produção e a rentabilidade financeira inerentes a esta atividade, tendo-se por base a produção de uva para vinho e para suco, em três sistemas de sustentação: latada, manjedoura e espaldeira. A metodologia utilizada, baseada no fluxo de caixa descontado, consistiu na geração de indicadores de retorno e risco. Apesar da leve supremacia da produção de uva destinada para vinho, os indicadores calculados sinalizam para uma rentabilidade baixa tanto para o caso do vinho como para o suco.The present article aims at analyzing the production costs, profitability and risks involved in the grape agro-business addressed to wine and juice production in West of Santa Catarina state region. Investments, production costs, profitability and risks involved in this activity are described based on three support systems for wine grape and juice grape production: trellis, Y type trellis and Vertical trellis. The methodology, based on the discounted cash flow, generated return and risk indicators. These indicators show low profitability and medium risk concerning wine, and low profitability and risk concerning juice.

  11. External morphology of immature stages of Zaretis strigosus (Gmelin and Siderone galanthis catarina Dottax and Pierre comb. nov., with taxonomic notes on Siderone (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Charaxinae

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    Fernando Maia Silva Dias

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The external morphology of immature stages of Zaretis strigosus (Gmelin, [1790] and Siderone galanthis catarina Dottax and Pierre, 2009 comb. nov. from southern Brazil are described. Additionally, morphology of the adults and sequences of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase, subunit I, were analyzed in order to evaluate the taxonomy of Siderone galanthis Hübner, [1823]. Immatures were collected on Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae in Curitiba, Paraná, and Balneário Barra do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil, and reared at the laboratory. Morphological descriptions and illustrations are provided, based on observations through stereoscopic and optic microscopes attached to camera lucida; results are compared and discussed and immature stages of some other species of Charaxinae. The results indicates that the morphology of the immature stages of the studied species differ greatly from other Anaeini, representing a distinct lineage of leafwings butterflies. Morphology and molecular evidence indicate that S. nemesis mexicana Dottax and Pierre, 2009 and S. nemesis catarina Dottax and Pierre, 2009 are conspecific with S. galanthis (Cramer, 1775; additionally, S. thebais C. Felder and R. Felder 1862, S. nemesis var. confluens Staudinger, 1887, S. nemesis f. leonora Bargmann, 1928 and S. nemesis f. exacta Bargmann, 1929 are synonymized with S. galanthis galanthis (Cramer, 1775.

  12. Magnetic fabrics of the syn to post orogenic granite suites of the Brusque metamorphic complex (Dom Feliciano Belt, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Dom Feliciano belt in southern Brazil and Uruguay has accommodated the collision between the cratons of Kalahari and Congo versus the Luis Alves microplate as a fragment of the Rio de La Plata craton during the Rio Doce orogeny in the late Neoproterozoic. The Sierra Ballena - Major Gercino shear zone was interpreted as the suture between the cratons. In the state of Santa Catarina three suites of highly evolved granites intruded the Brusque metamorphic complex in the northwest of the Major Gercino shear zone. Magmatic contacts between the different suites denote to their close temporal intrusion sequence. Shear zone activity is documented by local low temperature brittle deformation of the intrusive suites. Fabrics of the granites were obtained by the measurement of the anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility (AMS). Low bulk susceptibilities (Kvol -6 SI) and a low degree of the total anisotropy (P' < 1.07) suggest a paramagnetic origin of the magnetic fabrics that may be directly correlated with the macroscopic rock fabric. Planar fabrics form a dome-like foliation pattern for the main Valsungana intrusion occupying the southwestern part of the NE-SW elongated intrusion. Linear fabrics show a weakly defined ENE-WSW trend parallel to the late stage transcurrent extension of the basement. It is suggested that a number of dome-like intrusions that follow the trend of the Major Gercino shear zone in the northwest were emplaced and subsequently amalgamated in the course of magma ascent leading to present outcrop shape of the intrusive complex

  13. State regulation of nuclear sector: comparative study of Argentina and Brazil models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research presents a comparative assessment of the regulation models of the nuclear sector in Argentina - under the responsibility of the Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN), and Brazil - under the responsibility of Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), trying to identify which model is more adequate aiming the safe use of nuclear energy. Due to the methodology adopted, the theoretical framework resulted in criteria of analysis that corresponds to the characteristics of the Brazilian regulatory agencies created for other economic sector during the State reform staring in the middle of the nineties. Later, these criteria of analysis were used as comparison patterns between the regulation models of the nuclear sectors of Argentina and Brazil. The comparative assessment showed that the regulatory structure of the nuclear sector in Argentina seems to be more adequate, concerning the safe use of nuclear energy, than the model adopted in Brazil by CNEN, because its incorporates the criteria of functional, institutional and financial independence, competence definitions, technical excellence and transparency, indispensable to the development of its functions with autonomy, ethics, exemption and agility. (author)

  14. Situated knowledge and biodiversity: tensions between organic smallholders from Southern Brazil and the international intellectual property regime

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    Guilherme Francisco Waterloo Radomsky

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches knowledges and biodiversity maintenance among ecological farmers in the west of Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The intellectual property rights have had direct effects onseed production. Between patents and other systems of control, family farmers deny treating life as a «resource». This paper has adouble aim: firstly, to analyze the intellectual property international panorama over biodiversity and knowledge; secondly, to examine practices of organic smallholders engaged to Rede Ecovida de Agroecologia (an organic farming network born in the southern Brazil related to alternative forms of knowledge management and production of patent-free seeds. The result is the action which parallels the critique of the decrease on the availability of crop varieties and the effort to multiply seeds and knowledges throughout networks and agro-biodiversity centres.

  15. Multiplier of employment and wages: A comparative study for southern region and the rest of Brazil in 1999 and 2004

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    Angel dos Santos Fachinelli

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analyze the multiplier effect of jobs and income for the formal and informal categories, in an inter-regional input-output system. Therefore, it was used the array in the Southern Region and the Rest of Brazil, estimated for the years 1999 and 2004 organized in 23 sectors, with microdata from the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD in the same years. Consider one, the individuals’ characterization according to educational level, age, income, gender and employment category (formal and informal. The main results include a decrease of the contribution from the macros sectors of Agricultural and Services in the regions. The State of Paraná, Santa Catarina and the Rest of Brazil decreased multipliers wages in formal and informal categories for most sectors, which was not observed in Rio Grande do Sul. The largest employment multipliers for both formal and informal categories were to sectors linked to Industry.

  16. Entomofauna em Duas Espécies de Bromélias no Oeste de Santa Catarina, Brasil.

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    Mario Favretto

    2011-03-01

    Insects in Two Bromeliad Species in the West of Santa Catarina, Brazil Abstract. Bromeliads are plants with outstanding characteristic because the disposition of their leaves allowing the accumulation of water between them, creating real ecosystems on the plant and allowing the refuge and development of various invertebrates, it is a diversity that often goes unnoticed. This study aimed to analyze what is the importance of bromeliads as keepers of biodiversity in the Parque Natural Municipal Rio do Peixe, located in the municipality of Joaçaba, center-west of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil (27º 10'22 "S, 51° 30'33 "W. The Natural Park is located in an area of forest ecotone, characterized by a transition between semideciduous forest and Araucaria forest. The study was conducted from January 2009 to January 2010. Throughout the sampling period were found about 168 invertebrates from 48 bromeliads collected, among which the most abundant orders were Hymenoptera (46 specimens and Coleoptera (36 specimens. When present in an environment, bromeliads increase the number of resources that can be used by wildlife. Thus, with resources, wildlife can remain in the study area maintaining its abundance and diversity.

  17. Difference in adult food group intake by sex and age groups comparing Brazil and United States nationwide surveys

    OpenAIRE

    Bezerra, Ilana Nogueira; Goldman, Joseph; Rhodes, Donna G; Hoy, Mary Katherine; Moura Souza, Amanda de; Chester, Deirdra N; Martin, Carrie L; Sebastian, Rhonda S; Ahuja, Jaspreet K; Sichieri, Rosely; Moshfegh, Alanna J.

    2014-01-01

    Background International comparisons of dietary intake are an important source of information to better understand food habits and their relationship to nutrition related diseases. The objective of this study is to compare food intake of Brazilian adults with American adults identifying possible dietary factors associated with the increase in obesity in Brazil. Methods This research used cross-national analyses between the United States and Brazil, including 5,420 adults in the 2007–2008 What...

  18. Detection of the pandemic norovirus variant GII.4 Sydney 2012 in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil

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    Luciana Damascena da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Noroviruses (NoVs are important cause of gastroenteritis in humans worldwide. Genotype GII.4 is responsible for the majority of outbreaks reported to date. This study describes, for the first time in Brazil, the circulation of NoV GII.4 variant Sydney 2012 in faecal samples collected from children aged less than or equal to eight years in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil, during July-September 2012.

  19. Life history and description of larva and pupa of Platyphileurus felscheanus Ohaus, 1910, a scarabaeid feeding on bromeliad tissues in Brazil, to be excluded from Phileurini (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertoni, Fabiano F.; Krell, Frank-Thorsten; Steiner, Josefina; Zillikens, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The third instar larvae and the pupae of Platyphileurus felscheanus Ohaus, 1910 (Phileurini), recently synonymized with Surutu jelineki Endrődi, 1975 (Cyclocephalini), are described and illustrated, and some life history information is given. The larvae were collected and reared in bromeliads in rain forests of Santa Catarina state in southern Brazil. The systematic position of this monotypic genus is reassessed at the tribe level by considering larval and adult morphological characters. Both character sets, being described and illustrated, suggest the placement of Platyphileurus in the tribe Oryctini. PMID:24715774

  20. First record of Histiotus laephotis Thomas (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae from Brazil Primeiro registro de Histiotus laephotis Thomas (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae no Brasil

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    João M. D. Miranda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The first record of Histiotus laephotis Thomas, 1916 from Brazil is reported here. An adult male was caught with a mist net in a barn located within an Araucaria pine forest in the municipality of Passos Maia, State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil (26º46'48"S and 52º03'34"W. This record extends the distribution of this species in South America. Morphological and taxonomic notes of this species are described as well.O primeiro registro de Histiotus laephotis Thomas, 1916 o Brasil é aqui reportado. Um macho adulto foi coletado com rede de neblina (em abrigo artificial nos domínios da Floresta com Araucária, no Município de Passos Maia, Estado de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil (26º46'48"S e 52º03'34"W. Este registro amplia a distribuição da própria espécie na América do Sul. Aspectos morfológicos e taxonômicos desta espécie são também descritos.

  1. Floristic and phytosociology of weeds in pastures in Maranhão State, Northeast Brazil

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    Jaílson Penha Costa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Knowledge of weed floristic composition and phytosociology are key factors for improving weed management in pastures. Information on weed species that occur in pastures in Northeast Brazil, particularly in Maranhão State is very limited. It is, therefore, important, to search for information to help farmers to control weeds in livestock farming. This paper describes the weed flora diversity and community structure parameters, including density, frequency, abundance and importance value for each weed species found in five pastures of same age and management in Maranhão State, Northeast Brazil. The weed survey was carried out using a wooden frame (80 cm x 30 cm placed randomly on the soil surface 30 times in each pasture (n = 150. Weeds were pulled out, separated by species and counted. The weed flora was represented by 996 individuals, from nine families, 15 genera and 19 species. Weed density within pastures was of 44.3 plants m-2. The weed flora was dominated by species of the Cyperaceae and Poaceae families. The most important weed species based on Importance Value were Eragrostis ciliaris (IV = 32.97, Cyperus rotundus (IV = 31,95, Cyperus luzulae (IV = 27,50, Cyperus sphacelatus (IV = 27,42, Pycreus lanceolatus (IV = 27,33 Cyperus haspan (IV = 25,72 and Eleusine indica (IV = 23,49. Weed diversity, based on Shannon Diversity Index was very high (H' = 4.37 nats ind-1. Our results could lead to improved weed management in pastures in Maranhão State, Northeast Brazil.

  2. Grãos de pólen de angiospermas do Holoceno (7908±30 anos AP-atual) da Planície Costeira sul-catarinense, Brasil Catalogue of angiosperm pollen from Holocene sediments of the Coastal Plain, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Rodrigues Cancelli; Paulo Alves de Souza; Paulo César Pereira das Neves

    2012-01-01

    Este trabalho apresenta as descrições palinotaxonômicas, a partir da análise palinológica de sedimentos de duas seções turfáceas na Planície Costeira sul do estado de Santa Catarina, nos municípios de Santa Rosa do Sul e São João do Sul. Uma amostra da porção basal dos testemunhos foi datada em (14C) em 7908±33 anos AP para Santa Rosa do Sul e 7817±41 anos AP para São João do Sul, ambos referente ao Holoceno inferior. Foram descritos 62 tipos de grãos de pólen relacionados a 49 famílias de an...

  3. Giardíase em crianças e cães do mesmo domicílio e de bairros periféricos de Lages, Santa Catarina = Giardiasis in children and dogs from the same household and from the suburbs of Lages, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Camila Goetten de

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência de giardíase e a relação entre a infecção em crianças e cães do mesmo domicílio, de seis bairros da periferia de Lages, Santa Catarina. Materiais e Métodos: O estudo foi transversal, com amostragem de 105 crianças e 105 cães do mesmo domicílio. As crianças que participaram da pesquisa, com idade entre zero e doze anos, foram atendidas em postos de saúde do Programa de Equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF) de seis bairros periféri...

  4. Mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcia Sueli Del Castanhel; Ingrid Laura Cavalcanti Schaefer Bittencourt; Maria de Lourdes de Souza; Lúcio José Botelh; Jean Carlos Bonissoni da Silva

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: analizar el perfil de la mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina, sur de Brasil, de 2001 a 2011. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, utilizando datos secundarios obtenidos del Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad, del Ministerio de Salud de Brasil, en relación a la mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Santa Catarina. Se utilizaron las siguientes variables de la declaración de óbitos (DO) relacionadas con el recién nacido: edad, sexo y peso al nacer; relacionado con la madre, ...

  5. Euglossine bees (Apidae) in Atlantic forest areas of São Paulo State, southeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Duran Cordeiro, Guaraci; Boff, Samuel; Almeida Caetano, Tiago; Fernandes, Paulo; Alves-Dos-Santos, Isabel

    2013-01-01

    We investigated the diversity of euglossine bees in ten areas of Atlantic Forest Domain in São Paulo State, Brazil. Bees were collected with odor baits for 2 years, from March 2007 to March 2009. From a standardized effort during the first year of sampling, we compare the four areas using indexes of diversity, evenness, and similarity of euglossine communities. In the second year, we added six new places for presenting a general overview on the Atlantic forest in São Paulo. A total of 2,395 i...

  6. Volume equation as basis of community forest management in Anapu, Pará State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Wallacy Ferreira Barreto; Fábio Miranda Leão; Marlon Costa de Menezes; Deivison Venicio Souza

    2014-01-01

    The community forest management in settlement areas, in Pará, needs tools that provide reliable information about wood potential in the area, as volume equations. Five volumetric models of simple entrance and five of double entrance were adjusted to estimate the wood volume of standing trees in the Project of sustainable development Virola-Jatobá in Anapu, Pará State, Brazil. The trees were cubed using Smalian method. The diameter at 1.3 m above soil level was measured in 172 individuals from...

  7. [Occurrence of Aedes albopictus in the state of Pará, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, Maria de Nazaré de Oliveira; Monteiro, Hamilton Antonio de Oliveira; Lopes, Ernani da Silva; da Silva, Orlando Vaz; Castro, Francisco Corrêa; Vasconcelos, Pedro Fernando da Costa

    2003-06-01

    It is first reported the detection of Aedes (Stg) albopictus mosquitoes in state of Par , Brazil, in the urban area of Medicil ndia, a municipality far 90 km from Altamira, where 42 adult mosquitoes were baited using human attraction. All mosquitoes were pooled and inoculated into C6/36 and suckling mice in attempts for virus isolation. No virus was isolated. The occurrence of Aedes albopictus in urban areas of the Amazon region is of concern since dengue and yellow fever viruses are endemic in the Amazon and thus there is a potential risk for this mosquito species to become infected with both viruses. PMID:12792693

  8. Physicochemical composition of Apis mellifera honey samples from São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Luís Carlos Marchini

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This research, developed with Apis mellifera honey samples from producers of São Paulo State, Brazil, has the objective of verifying how eucalyptus, wild flower, and orange honey samples would be clustered, based on physicochemical characteristics. All the orange honey samples and some wild flower ones formed distinct groups, thus confirming that the floral source interferes with honey characteristics. Eucalyptus and some of the wild flower honey samples were clustered together because of the great floral source variation in the latter ones. The characteristics that influence sample clustering are acidity and electric conductivity on the X axis, and total sugars and pH on the Y axis.

  9. Discourses of cyberspace securitization in Brazil and in the United States

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    LUÍSA CRUZ LOBATO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper uses the framework of the Copenhagen School to understand the process of securitization of cyberspace, exploring how something in such sphere becomes a threat. Seeking to contribute to the debate, this study analyses the securitization discourses of Brazil and of the United States from Hansen and Nissenbaum's (2009 theorization about the existence of a specific sector for cybersecurity. To comprehend the securitization of cyberspace in these terms allows not only to identify distinct levels of securitization, but also to capture the dynamics of cyber threats, distinguishing them from those existent in other sectors, as well as to trace distinctions between tendencies of securitization and militarization.

  10. Immature mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae in a eutrophic landfill tank from State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    Jeronimo Alencar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction To determine the faunal composition of immature culicids inhabiting a percolation tank in the landfill of Sapucaia, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, immature mosquitoes were collected over a two-day period during the third weeks of April, August and October 2011. Results The species found were Culex usquatus, Lutzia bigoti, Anopheles argyritarsis and Limatus durhamii. This study is the first to report the colonization of eutrophic breeding sites by these species. Conclusions The oviposition behavior observed in this study suggests a secondary adaptation or change in habit to select eutrophic environments during the developmental stages of the observed species.

  11. Sanitary surveillance of ionizing radiations use in health services in Sao Paulo State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An evaluation of the Sanitarian Surveillance actions developed at Sao Paulo State, Brazil, concerning the control of ionizing radiation is presented. Aspects such as technical standards, inspection forms, assessment and quality assurance programs, in the fields of medical and dental radiology, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine are discussed. A program is also introduced for sample monitoring of these instruments. A set of protocol with criteria to be used in quality assurance programs, including equipment and procedures is presented. Participation of several societies of specialists and consumer defense organizations in the elaboration of technical regulations has contributed to concrete adoption by health care services

  12. Chemical composition of Thymus vulgaris L. (thyme essential oil from the Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil

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    ALEXANDRE PORTE

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The essential oil from fresh leaves of Thymus vulgaris L. from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, was isolated by hydrodistillation and analyzed through a combination of GC and GC/MS. Compounds representing 95.1 % of the oil were identified. Thirty-nine constituents were detected, of which twenty-eight were identified according to their chromatographic retention indices and mass spectra. The major constituents of the oil were thymol (44.7 %, p-cymene (18.6 % and g-terpinene (16.5 %.

  13. Growth of yellow ipe in central region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

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    Anna Paula Zimmermann

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the growth in diameter and height of individuals Handroanthus chrysotrichus through models based on age, in a stand in the municipality of São Pedro do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data are from three representative trees of the population and were obtained from stem analysis. The diameter growth of Handroanthus chrysotrichus trees in a function of age was best explained by the allometric model. For height the negative exponential model showed better statistical parameters. Selected models explain more than 92% of the variation and configure as adequate tools for the management of this species.

  14. Characterization of a foodborne outbreak caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil

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    Maria Regina Pires Carneiro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: In December 2001, an outbreak of foodborne gastroenteritis infected 114 of 161 people who ate at a restaurant in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. METHODS: The epidemiological and microbiological aspects of the outbreak were characterized. RESULTS: Potato salad made with homemade mayonnaise and stored at unsuitable temperatures was associated with increased risk of foodborne infection. Salmonella Enteritidis was isolated from the diarrheal stools of the hospitalized patients, and genotyping of the fecal samples generated identical randomly amplified polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA profiles. CONCLUSIONS : To the best of our knowledge, this is the first and the only record of a gastrointestinal outbreak in Sergipe.

  15. Biological aspects of Omalonyx convexus (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Succineidae from the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

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    Janine Oliveira Arruda

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Omalonyx convexus (Heynemann, 1868 is widely spread throughout the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The studied specimens presented in vivo, tegument and mantle coloring in variations between milky-white, orange and beige. The shell presented itself covered by the mantle in different extents; however, it was not completely covered on any of the specimens. The feeding diet is basically constituted by vegetal tissues, although non-vegetal food items were also found. The specimens were found in preserved and in polluted fresh water environments, as well as on natural and artificial substrates. The temperature throughout the day influences their placement on habitat substrates.

  16. Natural radioactivity in sand beaches of Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, Brazil: a comparative study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasconcelos, Danilo C.; Pereira, Claubia; Oliveira, Arno H.; Santos, Talita O.; Reis, Patricia L., E-mail: danilo@nuclear.ufmg.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia. Dept. de Engenharia Nuclear; Rocha, Zildete, E-mail: rochaz@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MH (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Using gamma ray spectrometry, the activity concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, and {sup 40}K was determined in sand beaches samples from different areas in Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, from Brazil. The absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were calculated and the results are compared with the internationally accepted values as well as others high background radiation areas (HBRAs).The activity concentration of the {sup 232}Th in Areia Preta as well as the absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were higher than the others regions compared. The results show that Areia Preta in Guarapari has higher background found in beaches in world. (author)

  17. Plastic ingestion by sea turtles in Paraíba State, Northeast Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Camila Poli; Daniel Oliveira Mesquita; Cinthia Saska; Rita Mascarenhas

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Currently, plastics are recognized as a major pollutant of the marine environment, representing a serious threat to ocean wildlife. Here, we examined the occurrence and effects of plastic ingestion by sea turtles found stranded along the coast of Paraíba State, Brazil from August 2009 to July 2010. Ninety-eight digestive tracts were examined, with plastic found in 20 (20.4%). Sixty five percent (n = 13) of turtles with plastic in the digestive tract were green turtles (Chelonia mydas...

  18. Insect fauna in soil at different grassland ecosystems at Sobral, state of Ceará, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gislane dos Santos Sousa; Silvia Cristenia da Silva Xavier; Petronio Emanuel Timbó Braga

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was perform a surveillance of the insect fauna in soil in three grassland ecosystems of experimental farm Vale do Acaraú of Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú at Sobral, state of Ceará, Brazil, by the using of traps soil, with fortnightly collections, from March 2011 to February 2012. To characterize the insect fauna established a distribution pattern, whereas the rates of occurrence and dominance of species grouped by order, as an indicator of the frequency and the oc...

  19. [Violence and social distress among transgender persons in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Martha Helena Teixeira de; Malvasi, Paulo; Signorelli, Marcos Claudio; Pereira, Pedro Paulo Gomes

    2015-04-01

    The authors conducted an ethnographic research with transgender persons in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 2012, using participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and following their everyday lives. These individuals invariably experienced physical and symbolic violence and the resulting distress, a condition they had to deal with in their careers and daily practices and tasks. The article discusses the violence experienced by transvestites (in the family, school, police precincts, and health services), specifically seeking to understand how such violence relates to their experiences with health services and how the latter respond. PMID:25945986

  20. Bat assemblages from three Atlantic Forest fragments in Rio de Janeiro state, Southeastern Brazil

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    Roberto Leonan Novaes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bat species richness in Neotropical localities is generally higher than that of any other group of mammals, and surveys of local bat assemblages may provide useful data for conservation management plans. Although the bat fauna of the Rio de Janeiro state is currently one of the best known in Brazil, there are several localities not adequately surveyed yet, and most of them are in the mountainous regions and in the northern portion of the state. From January 2008 to November 2009, we conducted surveys of bats in three localities in the state of Rio de Janeiro (municipalities of Varre-Sai, Sumidouro, and Cantagalo, and our fieldwork constitutes the first assessment of the bat assemblages of these localities. Surveys were conducted using mist nets in four different habitat types in each locality (forest interior, forest edge, riparian forest, and open areas [pastures]. We captured a total of 148 individuals in 17 species, 14 genera and 3 families. Among them, 11 species were recorded in Sumidouro, seven in Cantagalo, and nine in Varre-Sai. Although species richness was low compared with previous surveys in other close localities, we recorded species that have been rarely sampled in Southeastern Brazil (e.g., Macrophyllum macrophyllum [Phyllostomidae]. The results reinforce the importance of sampling different habitats in short surveys to improve the number of species registered.