WorldWideScience

Sample records for casual carpooling

  1. Intelligent Carpooling in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Niels; Møller, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Rural transportation is facing the challenges of the required mobility increasing and the public transportation parallel being limited to a deficient level. A new mobility application (app) based on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), called Intelligent Carpooling, can be a significant contribut...

  2. Casual Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ole Ertløv

    2015-01-01

    Casual games have become a widespread activity that fills our leisure time. This article introduces to the phenomenon casual games – their definition and the history. Furthermore the article presents and discusses the experience of and engagement or immersion in playing these games as it is put f...... forward by recent research. The theoretical approach is based on media psychology, phenomenology and reversal theory. Finally it is argued that playing casual games is fundamental pleasurable to both paratelic as well as telic metamotivational states.......Casual games have become a widespread activity that fills our leisure time. This article introduces to the phenomenon casual games – their definition and the history. Furthermore the article presents and discusses the experience of and engagement or immersion in playing these games as it is put...

  3. Multi-Agent Secure Dynamic Carpooling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shriram S. Kulkarni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Carpooling (also known as car-sharing, ride-sharingand lift sharing, is the sharing of car journeys so that more thanone person travels in a single car [5]. Carpooling consists ofsharing one’s personal vehicles with one or several passengers inwhich the related passengers shares the related costs but also helpto reduce the traffic as well as pollution. One major issue incarpooling is the prior agreement between the car owner and theride seekers. Dynamic carpooling uses an IT system to removethis limitation and provide ways to react to events such as a trafficjam as well as improving the quality of life benefits of participatingpeople. But it requires accessing potentially sensitive informationsuch as the real time users’ position or their identity. So there mustbe an efficient security mechanism should be implemented toprotect data exchanged to provide the service but also to increasethe users’ confidence in the tool. This paper mostly focuses on thesecurity services allowing both the mutual authentication of theusers and of the application components with the system.Traffic congestion and the associated pressure in car parking,that results from increased number of cars on the road ,it requirethe study of innovative measures to reduce the number of carstraveling every day to the main areas in the city, specifically singleoccupant vehicles.

  4. Neighborhood Carpooling Project in Changqing Community in Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In the light of the increasingly severe traffic congestion in the city, the rising number of private cars on the road and the low occupancy rate of those cars, this paper explores the current legal obstacles to carpooling and proposes "neighborhood carpooling" as an innovative mobility project aimed at alleviating traffic pressure in the areas around residential districts and reducing the use of private cars. The paper begins by introducing the preparatory investigation, consultation and scheme design process, and then elaborates on the series of measures undertaken to ensure that the project runs smoothly, including the formulation and distribution of the proposal, establishment of carpooling stations, registration and management of carpooling information, signing of the voluntary undertakings, design of the carpooling stickers and encouragement of public participation through the media. The analysis of different data on the actual practice of carpooling and the results of the media survey shows that the "neighborhood carpooling" project can indeed reduce private car use and has achieved certain social benefits through media publicity. Finally, the paper points out that with the guarantee of the two-level management system involving the community administrative committee and the residents’ committees, effective community organization is the key to the successful operation of the project.

  5. Befuddling Business Casual

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ "Business casual"has taken on a negative ring,though the English call it "smart casual"which sounds a little more stylish.Popularized by IT businesses as an alternative to"international standard business attire,"business casual holds Steve Jobs and Bill Gates up as its paragons.

  6. Research on Strategy Control of Taxi Carpooling Detour Route under Uncertain Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available For the problem of route choice in taxi carpooling detour, considering the uncertainty of traffic and the characteristic of passengers’ noncomplete rationality, an evolutionary game model of taxi carpooling detour route is built, in which prospect theory is introduced and revenue of strategy is replaced by prospect value. The model reflects more really decision-making psychology of passengers. Then the stable strategies of the model are studied, and the influences of detour distance and traffic congestion on detour carpooling success are analyzed, respectively. The results show that when at least one route of which prospect values for two passenger sides are both positive exists, carpooling route can reach an agreement. The route is stable strategy of evolutionary game, and the passengers requiring short travel time tend to select the nondetour route. With the increase of detour distance and traffic congestion rate, the possibility of reaching an agreement decreases gradually; that is, possibility of carpooling failure increases. So taxi carpooling detour is possible under the certain condition, but some measures must be carried out such as constraints of detour distance and mitigation of traffic congestion to improve carpooling success probability. These conclusions have a certain guiding significance to the formulation of taxi carpooling policy.

  7. Casual Games and Casual Learning about Human Biological Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, C. Aaron; Gean, Katherine; Christensen, Claire G.; Beheshti, Elham; Pernot, Bryn; Segovia, Gloria; Person, Halcyon; Beasley, Steven; Ward, Patricia

    2016-01-01

    Casual games are everywhere. People play them throughout life to pass the time, to engage in social interactions, and to learn. However, their simplicity and use in distraction-heavy environments can attenuate their potential for learning. This experimental study explored the effects playing an online, casual game has on awareness of human…

  8. Factor analysis for successful website carpool%网络拼车成功的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭家美; 朱丽叶; 南香兰; 侯立文

    2013-01-01

    In consideration of the factors which influence Internet carpool,a carpool website is selected as data source,and regression analysis and Design of Experiment (DOE) are used to analyze the factors which influence carpooling behavior on the Internet and the impact strength of the factors influencing the actual carpool success and the number of carpool applicants.The results show that the number of carpool replies and clicks has positive impact on the success rate of carpooling.As for the carpool website,appropriate measures should be adopted to motivate the number of replies and clicks,thus to enhance the website activeness.From the perspective of society,higher involvement of carpool needs more government policy support.%针对影响互联网拼车的因素,选择某拼车网站为数据来源,采用回归分析和试验设计(Design of Experiment,DOE)方法,分析影响网上拼车行为的因素及其对实际拼车成功和拼车申请人数的影响强度.结果表明,拼车信息回复数和点击数对拼车成功率有正面影响;对于拼车网站而言,可以采取适当的鼓励措施提高点击数和回复数,从而增强网站活跃度;从社会整体而言,提高拼车参与率更需要有相关政策的支持.

  9. CARPOOLING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO IMPROVING TRANSIT ACCEPTABILITY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF POTENTIAL USERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keila Rodrigues De Moura

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The world is undergoing major changes due to technological innovations, which make life easier for people, however, has caused great impacts in relation to urban mobility and the environment. Traffic is one of the main problems of the modern era, however, difficult people leave the comfort of the car by collective alternatives. The carpooling or car sharing is an alternative for sustainable traffic improvement, since it can help to reduce the number of vehicles circulating on the public highway and hence to the environment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acceptance of carpooling among students of a college in the city of Botucatu, and to identify characteristics associated with interest in participating in a program of carpooling. For this, an observational study using a sample survey was conducted among the students of a public institution of higher learning, using a structured questionnaire to collect data, and the sample of students obtained through a random process. After collecting the data, they were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Goodman test to study the association between variables. It was found that only 5.5% of respondents did not have an interest in giving a ride to a colleague or employee of the institution and that gender, age, period studying and ownership of a vehicle are not associated with interest in participating in a carpooling program.

  10. Can carpooling clean the air? The economics of HOV lanes, hybrid cars and the Clean Air Act.

    OpenAIRE

    Shewmake, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    Private vehicles are a significant source of air pollution in many areas of the United States. Areas with already high levels of air pollution are required by the Clean Air Act to take steps to reduce automobile use and the associated emissions. The behavioral implications of many travel demand management techniques are poorly understood. In this dissertation I focus on carpooling. Policy makers encourage commuters to carpool through High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes, fre...

  11. Casual Games and Casual Learning About Human Biological Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, C. Aaron; Gean, Katherine; Christensen, Claire G.; Beheshti, Elham; Pernot, Bryn; Segovia, Gloria; Person, Halcyon; Beasley, Steven; Ward, Patricia

    2016-02-01

    Casual games are everywhere. People play them throughout life to pass the time, to engage in social interactions, and to learn. However, their simplicity and use in distraction-heavy environments can attenuate their potential for learning. This experimental study explored the effects playing an online, casual game has on awareness of human biological systems. Two hundred and forty-two children were given pretests at a Museum and posttests at home after playing either a treatment or control game. Also, 41 children were interviewed to explore deeper meanings behind the test results. Results show modest improvement in scientific attitudes, ability to identify human biological systems and in the children's ability to describe how those systems work together in real-world scenarios. Interviews reveal that children drew upon their prior school learning as they played the game. Also, on the surface they perceived the game as mainly entertainment but were easily able to discern learning outcomes when prompted. Implications for the design of casual games and how they can be used to enhance transfer of knowledge from the classroom to everyday life are discussed.

  12. Stochastic Set-Based Particle Swarm Optimization Based on Local Exploration for Solving the Carpool Service Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Sheng-Kai; Jiau, Ming-Kai; Huang, Shih-Chia

    2016-08-01

    The growing ubiquity of vehicles has led to increased concerns about environmental issues. These concerns can be mitigated by implementing an effective carpool service. In an intelligent carpool system, an automated service process assists carpool participants in determining routes and matches. It is a discrete optimization problem that involves a system-wide condition as well as participants' expectations. In this paper, we solve the carpool service problem (CSP) to provide satisfactory ride matches. To this end, we developed a particle swarm carpool algorithm based on stochastic set-based particle swarm optimization (PSO). Our method introduces stochastic coding to augment traditional particles, and uses three terminologies to represent a particle: 1) particle position; 2) particle view; and 3) particle velocity. In this way, the set-based PSO (S-PSO) can be realized by local exploration. In the simulation and experiments, two kind of discrete PSOs-S-PSO and binary PSO (BPSO)-and a genetic algorithm (GA) are compared and examined using tested benchmarks that simulate a real-world metropolis. We observed that the S-PSO outperformed the BPSO and the GA thoroughly. Moreover, our method yielded the best result in a statistical test and successfully obtained numerical results for meeting the optimization objectives of the CSP. PMID:26890944

  13. The Frustrated Career: Casual Employment in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottschalk, Lorene; McEachern, Steve

    2010-01-01

    The use of casual staff, including casual teaching staff, is a common practice in Australian universities and the numbers of casual staff in the sector has increased significantly in the last decade. The traditional profile for casual teachers was that of industry expert and students. Recent research has shown that the casual teacher is now more…

  14. Exploring casual exergames with kids using wheelchairs

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, Kieran; Gerling, Kathrin

    2015-01-01

    Physical activity (PA) is important for health and well-being, but often PA is inaccessible for children using wheelchairs. In this work, we explore the potential of casual exergames to provide opportunities for physically active play. We apply existing wheelchair-controlled video games to explore children’s and parents’ perceptions of these games. Feedback shows that children and parents feel that casual exergames could be a valuable opportunity of offering wheelchair-accessible play, howeve...

  15. Understanding Casual-Leisure Information Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsweiler, David; Wilson, Max L.; Lunn, Brian Kirkegaard

    2011-01-01

    Originally grounded in library and information science, the majority of information behaviour and information-seeking theories focus on task-based scenarios where users try to resolve information needs. While other theories exist, such as how people unexpectedly encounter information, for example......, they are typically related back to tasks, motivated by work or personal goals. This chapter, however, focuses on casual-leisure scenarios that are typically motivated by hedonistic needs rather than information needs, where people engage in searching behaviours for pleasure rather than to find...... information. This chapter describes two studies on (1) television information behaviour and (2) the casual information behaviours described by users of Twitter. The first study focuses on a specific casual-leisure domain that is familiar to many, while the second indicates that our findings generalise to many...

  16. Participants` ”Game” in Casual Conversation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena BONTA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper foregrounds the idea that any casual conversation may be considered as a serious game, at the level of which, different other games can be identified: the game of the participants, that of the code, context, message and contact. The paper, draws on Johan Huizinga`s conception about games and John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern` s theory of games, and represents an attempt of analysing just one kind of game in casual conversation, that is, that of the participants, in order to establish its main objectives and traits.

  17. Strategies for Community Carpool Development in Xi'an%西安市社区拼车常态化发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张璇; 朱菁; 董欣

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid increase of private car ownership and ever worsening urban traffic congestion in Xi'an, community carpool has become one of the effective ways to relieve traffic congestion. Based on do-mestic and abroad carpool development experience, this paper discusses the existing conditions and prob-lems in carpool development in Xi'an through questionnaire survey and interviews. Targeting existing problems, the paper proposes implementable strategies for community carpool promotion. Firstly, carpool agencies are suggested to be established in the community with service platforms, stations, and signs to manage carpool travel;Secondly, safety assurance measures such as real-name registration system, neigh-borhood carpool agreements, and additional types of insurance are proposed to endure safe carpool service;Thirdly, providing policy support to encourage carpool travel by prioritizing carpool vehicle roadway us-age, promoting legislative improvement, and offering parking promotion policies.%伴随西安市私人小汽车保有量迅速增长,城市交通拥堵状况不断加剧,社区拼车模式成为缓解交通拥堵的有效措施之一.通过分析总结国内外拼车发展经验,采用问卷调查、访谈等方法对西安市拼车现状和发展问题进行解析.针对现状问题,提出社区拼车的实施策略:第一,成立社区拼车机构,通过拼车服务平台、社区拼车站点和社区拼车标志等措施管理拼车出行;第二,提供安全保障措施,通过设立实名认证体系、签订社区拼车协议、增加险种等措施保障拼车安全;第三,寻求政策支持,建议通过赋予多人乘坐的拼车车辆道路优先使用权、完善相关法律法规使拼车合法化、提供停车优惠政策等措施鼓励市民拼车.

  18. Casual Academic Staff in an Australian University: Marginalised and Excluded

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Suzanne; Burgess, John; Connell, Julia; Groen, Egbert

    2013-01-01

    Over the past 25 years, the Australian workforce has become more casualised, with approximately one-quarter of the workforce in casual employment today. One of the highest users of casual employees is the higher education sector, where casual academics (referred to as sessionals in the Australian context) are estimated to account for 50% of the…

  19. Creación e implantación en el Racó de un sistema para Carpool

    OpenAIRE

    Cuadrado Borbonés, Jordi

    2010-01-01

    El proyecto que se presenta a continuación, Creación e implantación en el Racó de un sistema para Carpool, surge para cubrir la necesidad de mejorar la eficiencia de los desplazamientos en vehículo privado a y desde el Campus Nord de Barcelona, generados por la propia actividad docente de la Facultat d’Informàtica de Barcelona. El proyecto se enmarca en la idea de una mejor gestión de la movilidad en cuanto al vehículo privado se refiere, llevándola a criterios más racionales y...

  20. Redes bayesianas y redes neuronales como modelos del aprendizaje casual

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Mañanes, Javier

    2009-01-01

    [ES]Este trabajo trata sobre las redes bayesianas y neuronales como modelos del aprendizaje casual. [EN]This paper deals with bayesian and neural networks as models of casual learning. Trabajo de Fin de Máster del Máster en Neurociencias, curso 2008-2009.

  1. Self-Enriching Ontology-Based Casual Learning Games

    OpenAIRE

    Nils Malzahn; Sabrina Ziebarth; Dominik Kloke; H. Ulrich Hoppe

    2015-01-01

    Computer games are currently one of the computer science applications with the highest amount of users. "Serious gaming" approaches try to use the attraction of playing games to convey serious content in an entertaining way. This paper presents a multi-agent-architecture for collaborative, serious and casual games. We are combining serious games with casual games, as these are known to have a high potential for frequent gaming by people of various social and educational background. To be flex...

  2. Swears in Context: The Difference Between Casual and Abusive Swearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Hansika

    2016-04-01

    Although swearing is taboo language, it frequently appears in daily conversations. To explain this paradox, two studies examined contextualized swearing in Indian and non-Indian participants. In Study 1, participants assessed the appropriateness of mild, moderate, and severe swears in casual and abusive contexts; in Study 2, participants completed contextual dialogues with mild, moderate, or severe swearwords. Results indicated that mild and moderate swears were more appropriate in casual settings than in abusive scenarios; severe swears were the most inappropriate, regardless of context. Mild and moderate swears were likely to be used to complete casual and abusive dialogues respectively, even though it was expected that severe swears would be compatible with abusive settings. Moreover, gender and nationality differences suggested that assessing appropriateness of swearing behaviour and likelihood of swearword usage provided independent and contrasting findings. Cultural variations in swearing behaviour, particularly contextualized swearing, and suggestions for further research are outlined. PMID:25480107

  3. Fast-Casual Dining: Our Next Eating Passion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillotson, James E.

    2003-01-01

    Americans have a new speedy-eating passion: fast-casual dining! Does this mean that now we can forget about McDonald's, Burger King, KFC, and the other fast-food restaurants that nutritionists have been railing against? Are they yesterday's news? PMID:12813187

  4. An Approach for Casual Drug Users. Technical Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Erwin S., Ed.

    This publication was written to respond to the fact that many drug treatment centers receive inappropriate referrals of casual or recreational marihuana users from the courts for "treatment" as an alternative to jail. A drug abuse task force recommended that agencies give priority to abusers of the high-risk categories and to compulsive users of…

  5. Gender Identity Reflected from Language Use in Casual Conversation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Xin

    2015-01-01

    Language use can reflect social identities and the way a person is presenting himself or herself to other people. As to show how gender identities can be reflected from the discourse, a casual conversation was recorded and analyzed topic, amount of talking, and other language usage features.

  6. From Casual Work to Economic Security: The Case of British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacPhail, Fiona; Bowles, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of casual work in British Columbia is an important issue given that the increase in casual work has been greater in this province than in other provinces in Canada and given that the labour market has been substantially deregulated since 2001. In this paper, we analyse how individuals' casual employment status affects their economic…

  7. How to recover casuality for tachyons even in macrophysics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The postulate that negative energy particles do not exist (travelling forward in time) leads automatically to the ''re-interpretation principle'' by Stueckelberg and Feynman. It has already been shown that such a ''principle'', assumed as the third postulate of special relativity, ensures the validity of the law of (retarded) casuality both in standard relativity and in (extended) relativity with tachyons and with superluminal inertial frames. Our third postulate, moreover, alloys to one predict antiparticle existence in a purely relativistic context. The paper shown that the third postulate is sufficient to implement the law of casuality even in macrophysics, when usual macro-objects interact with micro-tachyons and macro-tachyons. To that aim, some tachyon kinematics is further developed, which can be useful even in understanding elementary particle interactions (and may be hadron structure). Many other related problems are discussed

  8. WikipediaViz: Conveying Article Quality for Casual Wikipedia Readers

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier, Fanny; Huot, Stéphane; Fekete, Jean-Daniel

    2010-01-01

    As Wikipedia has become one of the most used knowledge bases worldwide, the problem of the trustworthiness of the information it disseminates becomes central. With WikipediaViz, we introduce five visual indicators integrated to the Wikipedia layout that can keep casual Wikipedia readers aware of important meta- information about the articles they read. The design of WikipediaViz was inspired by two participatory design sessions with expert Wikipedia writers and sociologists who explained the ...

  9. Expanding the magic circle in pervasive casual play

    OpenAIRE

    Reis, Sofia Ester Pereira

    2013-01-01

    In this document we present proposals for merging the fictional game world with the real world taking into account the profile of casual players. To merge games with reality we resorted to the creation of games that explore di-verse real world elements. We focused on sound, video, physiological data, ac-celerometer data, weather and location. We made the choice for these real world elements because data, about those elements, can be acquired making use of functionality already available, or f...

  10. Chic and Casual Dress Collection for Qixi Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Qixi Festival, known as Chinese Valentine's Day, falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month and this year it falls on Aug. 23. To celebrate Qixi Festival, many businesses introduce Valentine's Day promotions to meet the needs of women and young girls during this romantic time of year. As a global fashion supplier, Merle Dress brings a fashionable and casual dress collection for a stylish approach to life.

  11. 合乘模式下司机收入公平模型及仿真%Driver Income Equity Model and Simulation under Carpooling Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇; 何瑞春; 肖强; 马昌喜

    2015-01-01

    针对出租车合乘模式下司机的收入问题,建立了合乘模式下司机收入公平心理模型,采用公平理论分析了司机的心理及行为,通过仿真计算,分析了合乘模式下乘客总需求量及司机公平心理对司机收入的影响.研究结果表明,乘客总需求对合乘模式下司机总体的平均收入有较大的影响,合适的供需比下实施合乘才能提高司机收入;在供需比较大时,司机争抢乘客的行为会导致司机个体收入差距增大,部分司机收入降低的现象;为成功实施合乘模式,必须考虑当地出租车市场的供需比情况,并且建立合理的措施以防范司机争抢乘客的行为出现.所得结论对出租车合乘政策的制定与管理有一定的指导意义.%Considering taxi driver psychology for equity, driver income under taxi carpooling mode is researched. Equity psychology model of driver income under carpooling mode is established, and psychology and behavior of drivers are analyzed based on equity theory. Then the influence of total passenger demand and driver behavior on income is analyzed through simulation. The results show that, the influence of total passengers demand on driver average income is large, and the appropriate ratio of supply and demand is the key factor of increasing driver income; when the ratio is big, the driver behavior for passengers causes the gap between drivers income increasing and some drivers income lowing; in order to implement successfully carpooling, it is necessary to consider the ratio of supply and demand of local taxi market, and establish reasonable measures to prevent driver behavior for passengers. These conclusions have a certain guiding significance to formulating taxi policy.

  12. Mobilidade urbana - Carpooling

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Márcia da Conceição Antunes

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Planeamento e Projecto do Ambiente Urbano, nas Faculdades de Arquitectura e Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, sob a orientação do professor Doutor Álvaro Fernando de Oliveira Costa

  13. Gender and Casual Sexual Activity From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood: Social and Life Course Correlates

    OpenAIRE

    Lyons, Heidi A.; Manning, Wendy D.; Longmore, Monica A.; Giordano, Peggy C.

    2014-01-01

    The prevalence of casual sexual activity among teens and emerging adults has led to much public attention. Yet limited research has investigated whether the number of casual sexual partners per year changes as heterosexual men and women transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood. We considered the influence of social context and life course factors on the number of casual sex partners. We examined four waves of interviews from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) and used...

  14. Petalz: Search-based Procedural Content Generation for the Casual Gamer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risi, S.; Lehman, J.; D'Ambrosio, D.B;

    2015-01-01

    exclusively in the context of competitive, skills-based gaming. This paper therefore opens a new direction for PCG by placing it at the center of an entirely casual flower-breeding game platform called Petalz. That way, the behavior of players and their reactions to different game mechanics in a casual...

  15. A Casual Revolution - Reinventing Video Games and their Players von Jesper Juul

    OpenAIRE

    Karl H. Stingeder

    2010-01-01

    Die These: Videospiele befinden sich auf einer Reise hin zu einem alltäglichen Kulturgut quer durch alle Altersgruppen. Welche Rolle spielen dabei "Casual Games" und "Hardcore Games"? Was ist das "revolutionäre" Element bei so genannten "Casual Games"?

  16. The Spaces and Places That Women Casual Academics (Often Fail To) Inhabit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crimmins, Gail

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a research project that aims to address the binary/irony of the central physical and teaching space that women casual academics inhabit within Australian universities, against their lack of presence in the existing discourses around higher education. The invisibility of women casual academics within the discourses around…

  17. A Casual Revolution - Reinventing Video Games and their Players von Jesper Juul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl H. Stingeder

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Die These: Videospiele befinden sich auf einer Reise hin zu einem alltäglichen Kulturgut quer durch alle Altersgruppen. Welche Rolle spielen dabei "Casual Games" und "Hardcore Games"? Was ist das "revolutionäre" Element bei so genannten "Casual Games"?

  18. R U Able to Meat Me: The Impact of Students' Overly Casual Email Messages to Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Keri K.; Houser, Marian L.; Cowan, Renee L.

    2009-01-01

    Out-of-classroom communication (OCC) in the form of email has increased considerably in the past few years. This study uses Interaction Adaptation Theory (IAT) to inform and frame the impact of using overly casual email messages with instructors. Study one used an experimental method to determine that message quality (casual vs. formal messages)…

  19. Cognitive training with casual video games: points to consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniqued, Pauline L; Kranz, Michael B; Voss, Michelle W; Lee, Hyunkyu; Cosman, Joshua D; Severson, Joan; Kramer, Arthur F

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicates interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to determine transfer of training. We examined whether casual video games can broadly improve cognition, and selected training games from a study of the relationship between game performance and cognitive abilities. A total of 209 young adults were randomized into a working memory-reasoning group, an adaptive working memory-reasoning group, an active control game group, and a no-contact control group. Before and after 15 h of training, participants completed tests of reasoning, working memory, attention, episodic memory, perceptual speed, and self-report measures of executive function, game experience, perceived improvement, knowledge of brain training research, and game play outside the laboratory. Participants improved on the training games, but transfer to untrained tasks was limited. No group showed gains in reasoning, working memory, episodic memory, or perceptual speed, but the working memory-reasoning groups improved in divided attention, with better performance in an attention-demanding game, a decreased attentional blink and smaller trail-making costs. Perceived improvements did not differ across training groups and those with low reasoning ability at baseline showed larger gains. Although there are important caveats, our study sheds light on the mixed effects in the training and transfer literature and offers a novel and potentially practical training approach. Still, more research is needed to determine the real-world benefits of computer programs such as casual games

  20. Cognitive training with casual video games: Points to consider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline L Baniqued

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicate interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to determine transfer of training. We examined whether casual video games can broadly improve cognition and selected training games from a study of the relationship between game performance and cognitive abilities. A total of 209 young adults were randomized into a working memory-reasoning group, an adaptive working memory-reasoning group, an active control game group, and a no-contact control group. Before and after 15 hours of training, participants completed tests of reasoning, working memory, attention, episodic memory, perceptual speed, and self-report measures of executive function, game experience, perceived improvement, knowledge of brain training research, and game play outside the laboratory. Participants improved on the training games, but transfer to untrained tasks was limited. No group showed gains in reasoning, working memory, episodic memory or perceptual speed, but the working memory-reasoning groups improved in divided attention, with better performance in an attention-demanding game, a decreased attentional blink and smaller trail-making costs. Perceived improvements did not differ across training groups and those with low reasoning ability at baseline showed larger gains. Although there are important caveats, our study sheds light on the mixed effects in the training and transfer literature and offers a novel and potentially practical training approach. Still, more research is needed to determine the real-world benefits of computer programs

  1. Risky business: Is there an association between casual sex and mental health among emerging adults?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bersamin, Melina M; Zamboanga, Byron L; Schwartz, Seth J; Donnellan, M Brent; Hudson, Monika; Weisskirch, Robert S; Kim, Su Yeong; Agocha, V Bede; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Caraway, S Jean

    2014-01-01

    A multiethnic sample of single, heterosexual, emerging-adult college students (N = 3,907) ages 18 to 25, from 30 institutions across the United States, participated in a study about identity, culture, psychological well-being, and risky behaviors. Given ongoing debates about the connection between casual sex and psychological adjustment, in the current study we assessed the cross-sectional association of participation in casual sex with psychological well-being and distress. A greater proportion of men (18.6%) compared to women (7.4%) reported having had casual sex in the month prior to assessment. Structural equation modeling indicated that casual sex was negatively associated with well-being (ß = .20, p engaging in casual sex may elevate risk for negative psychological outcomes. PMID:23742031

  2. The man/machine interface in information retrieval: Providing access to the casual user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Granier, Martin

    1984-01-01

    This study is concerned with the difficulties encountered by casual users wishing to employ Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. A casual user is defined as a professional who has neither time nor desire to pursue in depth the study of the numerous and varied retrieval systems. His needs for on-line search are only occasional, and not limited to any particular system. The paper takes a close look at the state of the art of research concerned with aiding casual users of Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. Current experiments such as LEXIS, CONIT, IIDA, CITE, and CCL are presented and discussed. Comments and proposals are offered, specifically in the areas of training, learning and cost as experienced by the casual user. An extensive bibliography of recent works on the subject follows the text.

  3. Are you a gamer? A qualititive study on the parameters for categorizing casual and hardcore gamers

    OpenAIRE

    Poels, Yorick; Annema, Jan Henk; Verstraete, Mathijs; Zaman, Bieke; De Grooff, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the parameters for categorizing gamers as hardcore or casual players and the relation between these parameters with special attention to gender differences. To investigate this, a qualitative persona-based focus group approach was employed, using a sample of 21 participants aged 18 to 37 years. Dependent on their average time spent on gaming, these gamers participated in a discussion on hardcore or casual gamers’ behaviour and attitudes. More particularly, the following ...

  4. Pornography consumption, cocaine use, and casual sex among U.S. adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Paul J

    2012-08-01

    This study utilized nationally representative longitudinal survey data from the 2006-2008 General Social Survey (GSS) to explore the interplay between U.S. adults' self-reported past pornography consumption, past cocaine use, and recent participation in casual sex. Participants in the longitudinal component of the 2006-2008 GSS were 867 women and 669 men (N = 1,536) ranging in age from 18 to at least 89 years (M = 45.46; SD = 16.91). Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was employed to analyze the data. After controlling for past casual sex and demographic covariates, the interaction of past pornography consumption and past cocaine use on recent casual sex was significant. Past cocaine users were more likely than non-cocaine users to have had recent casual sex (OR = 4.56), but past pornography consumption was unrelated to recent casual sex for past cocaine users (OR= 0.20). Conversely, past pornography consumption was associated with an increase in the odds of recent casual sex for non-cocaine users (OR = 2.74). PMID:23045873

  5. The Using of Casual Style in ELT For Young Learners (Sociolinguistics Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Debora

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young Learners have less reinforcement to speak with others. One of the causes is the trend of formal or clumsy learning setting in emphasizing the speaking proficiency. Speaking based on the culture context also contribute them in increasing their motivation to express their ideas. Casual style as one of the language variations gives contribution in increasing students’ motivation to be more active in the class. The simply characteristics of Casual style can be memorized and applied easily. Casual style tends to adjust the culture of speaker in communication so it will be easy to be understood. Students also can use the utterances in their daily life because most of the utterances are familiar for them. The raising of  motivation from students will give positive effect for teaching and learning process, students, and also teachers.

  6. 75 FR 65046 - In the Matter of Cape Systems Group, Inc., Caribbean Cigar Company, Casual Male Corp., Cell Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION In the Matter of Cape Systems Group, Inc., Caribbean Cigar Company, Casual Male Corp., Cell Power... accurate information concerning the securities of Casual Male Corp. because it has not filed any...

  7. The sexual double standard and gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex among U.S. university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula England

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: A significant portion of premarital sexual activity is casual rather than in relationships, and commentators disagree on whether this is what women prefer. Objective: We examine gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex. We also assess whether there is a double standard whereby women are judged more harshly for casual sex. Methods: We use a large online survey of U.S. university students to examine gender differences with regard to attitudes and reports of sexual behavior. Results: While distributions overlap, the average man looks more favorably on casual sex than the average woman. Both sexes show substantial openness to relationships. We find evidence of a double standard: men are more judgmental toward women than toward men who have casual sex. Men appear to over-report and/or women to under-report intercourse and fellatio, suggesting that men see these acts as enhancing and/or women see them as diminishing their status. Conclusions: Women face more negative judgment than men when they are known to engage in casual sex, and they also report less interest in casual sex than men. Our analysis does not permit us to assess whether the double standard we find evidence of explains why women have less interest in casual sex, but we hypothesize that this is the case.

  8. Casualization of Academics in the Australian Higher Education: Is Teaching Quality at Risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lama, Tek; Joullié, Jean-Etienne

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the issues casual academics face in Australia and whether these pose risks to teaching quality. The logic of the rampant casualisation in Australian universities is exposed first (i.e., mainly flexibility and cost saving to offset drops in government funding), followed by a discussion on the theoretical risks casualisation…

  9. Professional Development and the University Casual Academic: Integration and Support Strategies for Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Katrina; Harreveld, R. E.

    2013-01-01

    Professional development is imperative for the currency and relevancy of a proficient teaching workforce in distance education, and in turn, the quality of programs being delivered. As participation in distance education within Australian universities is growing, with increasing numbers of academics being required to teach, casual employment of…

  10. Hepatitis A outbreak among MSM linked to casual sex and gay saunas in Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazick, A; Howitz, M; Rex, S;

    2005-01-01

    June and August 2004, and without a household contact with a hepatitis A case before onset of illness. Controls were selected at the Copenhagen Pride Festival. The study included 18 cases and 64 controls. Sixteen of 18 cases and 36/63 controls had sex with casual partners (ORMH 5.6, 95% CI 1...

  11. The Condom Conundrum: Apply Peer Pressure, Not Latex, against Casual Sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delattre, Edwin J.

    1992-01-01

    If saving lives were our only moral concern, distributing condoms in schools is not the best way to proceed. Abstinence has greater life-saving power than any piece of latex. School condom distribution promotes casual, promiscuous sex, ignores this contraceptive's failure rate, and runs counter to sound educational policy. Deferred gratification…

  12. Estimating 24-hour urinary sodium excretion from casual urinary sodium concentrations in Western populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, Ian J; Dyer, Alan R; Chan, Queenie;

    2013-01-01

    High intakes of dietary sodium are associated with elevated blood pressure levels and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. National and international guidelines recommend reduced sodium intake in the general population, which necessitates population-wide surveillance. We assessed the...... utility of casual (spot) urine specimens in estimating 24-hour urinary sodium excretion as a marker of sodium intake in the International Cooperative Study on Salt, Other Factors, and Blood Pressure. There were 5,693 participants recruited in 1984-1987 at the ages of 20-59 years from 29 North American and...... European samples. Participants were randomly assigned to test or validation data sets. Equations derived from casual urinary sodium concentration and other variables in the test data were applied to the validation data set. Correlations between observed and estimated 24-hour sodium excretion were 0.50 for...

  13. The casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora of Zimbabwe based on herbarium and literature records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Maroyi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Zimbabwe’s casual, naturalised and invasive alien plant species were analysed with regard to their habit, origin, mode or purpose of introduction and their invasion status in the country. This alien flora of 391 taxa belonged to 239 genera and 73 families, corresponding to 6.6% of the total flora of Zimbabwe. Of these, 153 (39.1% plant species were casual aliens, 154 (39.4% were naturalised and 84 (21.5% were invasive species. Most invasions in terms of numbers of alien species were in the central and eastern parts of the country. Asteraceae (53 species, Poaceae (48 species and Fabaceae sensu lato (49 species families were prominent in all the floristic regions of the country. Annual and perennial herbaceous species formed the majority of life forms of the casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora of Zimbabwe. Genera with the highest number of alien species were Ipomoea with nine species, Acacia and Euphorbia with eight species each, Chenopodium and Senna with seven species each, Eucalyptus with six species, Oenothera, Physalis and Solanum with five species each. More than 49.6% of the alien plants in Zimbabwe originated primarily from South, Central and North America, followed by Europe (24.6%, Asia (23.8%, Africa (10.5% and Australasia (5.9%.Conservation implications: This research provides baseline information and historical invasion patterns of casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora in Zimbabwe. This inventory is a crucial starting point in trying to understand and initiate the management of biological invasions. This is also important for monitoring new introductions and management of existing alien plants in Zimbabwe.

  14. A MARKETING PLAN FOR ROLL&ROLL FAST-CASUAL RESTAURANT

    OpenAIRE

    Ton Thi Nhat, Linh

    2012-01-01

    Mexican cuisine and organic fast-casual concept become popular in the world, especially in American nowadays but in Vietnam, a South-East Asia country, they are still unfamiliar. However, Vietnamese young people, mainly consumer with strong purchasing power are getting more integrated with international culture. This means they are willing to try and react positively to international cuisine. Moreover, Vietnam is considered to have new attractions to traveller with numerous wonderful natura...

  15. Exploring the Impacts of Service Guarantee Strategy in the Casual Restaurant Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Kyuho

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the impacts of service guarantees in terms of consumers' perceived risks, loyalty, and word-of-mouth intent in the casual dining restaurant segment. In addition, the study investigated what type of service guarantee consumers preferred. A total of seven research hypotheses were developed on the basis of relevant literature review. In an effort to test the research hypotheses, a scenario method was developed. A total of seven research scenarios were created based on the Vir...

  16. Romantic Partners, Friends, Friends with Benefits, and Casual Acquaintances As Sexual Partners

    OpenAIRE

    Furman, Wyndol; Shaffer, Laura

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with “friends with benefits” as well as with friends in general. Young adults were most likely to engage in sexual behavior with romantic partners, but sexual behavio...

  17. Selling points: What cognitive abilities are tapped by casual video games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniqued, Pauline L; Lee, Hyunkyu; Voss, Michelle W; Basak, Chandramallika; Cosman, Joshua D; Desouza, Shanna; Severson, Joan; Salthouse, Timothy A; Kramer, Arthur F

    2013-01-01

    The idea that video games or computer-based applications can improve cognitive function has led to a proliferation of programs claiming to "train the brain." However, there is often little scientific basis in the development of commercial training programs, and many research-based programs yield inconsistent or weak results. In this study, we sought to better understand the nature of cognitive abilities tapped by casual video games and thus reflect on their potential as a training tool. A moderately large sample of participants (n=209) played 20 web-based casual games and performed a battery of cognitive tasks. We used cognitive task analysis and multivariate statistical techniques to characterize the relationships between performance metrics. We validated the cognitive abilities measured in the task battery, examined a task analysis-based categorization of the casual games, and then characterized the relationship between game and task performance. We found that games categorized to tap working memory and reasoning were robustly related to performance on working memory and fluid intelligence tasks, with fluid intelligence best predicting scores on working memory and reasoning games. We discuss these results in the context of overlap in cognitive processes engaged by the cognitive tasks and casual games, and within the context of assessing near and far transfer. While this is not a training study, these findings provide a methodology to assess the validity of using certain games as training and assessment devices for specific cognitive abilities, and shed light on the mixed transfer results in the computer-based training literature. Moreover, the results can inform design of a more theoretically-driven and methodologically-sound cognitive training program. PMID:23246789

  18. Precarious Pedagogies? The Impact of Casual and Zero-Hour Contracts in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lopes

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Precarious work is associated with and characterizes the effects of neoliberal policy—the transference of economic risk onto workers, the erosion of workers’ rights, the flexibilization and casualization of work contracts, self-responsibility, financial insecurity, and emotional stress. In the Higher Education (HE sector, the number of insecure academic jobs, especially zero-hour contracts for hourly paid teaching and short-term contract research, has grown exponentially in recent years in response to the structural and fiscal changes within universities, which reflect these global shifts. This paper presents findings from a pilot study conducted with academics on casual contracts in HE institutions in England and Wales. Qualitative interviews and focus groups were undertaken with teachers (lecturers and tutors on hourly paid and zero-hour contracts to examine the relationship between their contractual situations and pedagogical practices. The research broadly seeks to contribute to ongoing discussions concerned with the impact of neoliberalism on higher education and specifically highlights the case of contingent lecturers as casualties of the casualization of the academic labor force.

  19. Predictors for casual sex and/or infection among sexually transmitted disease clinic attendees in China

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, F.; Jia, Y.; Bin, S; C Li; Limei, S; Kristensen, S.; X. Sun; Xiao, Y.; Liu, J; Li, D.; Qu, S.; Vermund, S H

    2009-01-01

    To assess the risk factors for casual sex and infections among the sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic attendees in two disparate Chinese cities, an STD clinic-based cross-sectional study was conducted to provide demographic and sexual behaviour information. Participants were recruited from nine STD clinics selected by mapping strategy. STD prevalence was 69.4% (68.6% of men and 65.2% of women). The most common diagnoses were non-gonococcal urethritis (22.2%), genital warts (13.2%), syp...

  20. Selling points: What cognitive abilities are tapped by casual video games?

    OpenAIRE

    Baniqued, Pauline L.; Lee, Hyunkyu; Voss, Michelle W.; Basak, Chandramallika; Cosman, Joshua D.; DeSouza, Shanna; Severson, Joan; Salthouse, Timothy A.; Kramer, Arthur F

    2012-01-01

    The idea that video games or computer-based applications can improve cognitive function has led to a proliferation of programs claiming to “train the brain.” However, there is often little scientific basis in the development of commercial training programs, and many research-based programs yield inconsistent or weak results. In this study, we sought to better understand the nature of cognitive abilities tapped by casual video games and thus reflect on their potential as a training tool. A mod...

  1. Low Carbon Concept:Functional & Green Casual Fabrics Are Enjoying A Favor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Starting from the low-carbon concept to practice in the specific production requires recollected thinking and judgments. It can be seen that "functional" and "green" casual fabrics are becoming more and more important evidently. From the trend to start businesses, enterprises could find an "ultimate goal" for low carbon in such production processes as matching the raw materials, printing processes, finishing and others, and then plus the careful planning of cost, the environmentally friendly and cost-effective products enable the enterprises to seize the market opportunities.

  2. Work Hard, Party Harder: Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour in Young British Casual Workers in Ibiza, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kelly

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. Methods: A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16–35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171. Results: 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3% used drugs. Almost half (43.5% of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%. Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Conclusion: Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  3. A casual cantharophily: The meeting between Astylus variegatus (Coleoptera: Myleridae and Oxypetalum banksii (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fonseca, Rúbia

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Cantharophily is reported for the first time in a Brazilian asclepiad, involving the mylerid Astylus variegatus and the nectariferous flowers of Oxypetalum banksii, a plant mainly pollinated by wasps. The use of nectar as food by A. variegatus, considered pollinivorous and granivorous, is also novel. The mutual interaction described here is an example of a plant-pollinator interaction with generalist insects visiting a plant with a specialized pollination system. It’s also temporary and occasional and, therefore, is often overlooked in studies of plant-pollinator interactions. In this study, we found that the casual meeting between O. banksii and A. variegatus was a key event for the reproduction of both.

  4. Seronegative spondyloarthritis and Darier’s disease: more than a casual association?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Cosso

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A 46-year old man, affected by Darier’s disease (DD, was seen because of right hand pain, later extended to shoulders and ankles. Physical examination showed swelling and tenderness of the wrist, metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints, of the right Achilles tendon’s enthesis and of the left knee, with psoriatic-like lesions of the scalp. A diagnosis of seronegative spondyloarthritis, supported by HLA-B27 positivity and by the magnetic resonance imaging fi nding of hand synovitis and unilateral sacro-iliitis, was made. The correlation between DD, spondyloarthritis and psoriasis has been already anecdotally reported. Further observations may clarify if this association is more than casual.

  5. Between casual commitment and cross-media articulation – the faith of the Napkin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Petersen, Anja Bechmann

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the Napkin, a collaborative technology designed to support news reporters in their struggle to handle the integrated production of news stories to multiple media platforms. The Napkin was abandoned while we studied it, and this raised the questions of what was...... wrong with the Napkin, and why did it fail? The Napkin suffered many of the problems known to CSCW: It laced reciprocity of visibility and commitment between reporters and editors; it did not give sufficient overview of media processes and products, in particular it was impossible to motivate stories...... and overview their relationships with other stories. The casual metaphor of a Napkin was in contrast to how commitments got perceived by reporters and editors. The paper uses these discussions to revisit the notion of articulation work...

  6. Designing Casual Serious Games in Science. The case of “Couch Potatoes Defense”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Weizman

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Casual-serious games in science are games dealing with science topics that require short playing time and relatively low budget to develop, while based on educational purposes. The research goal was to investigate the relation between the game design parameters and the learning experience based on the flow model, assuming that by changing game parameters the relation between challenge and skill will be influenced, as expressed by the flow experience, influencing in turn the learning experience. The framework comprised a series of pilots in a primary school class, in which flow was evaluated using online questionnaires. We found significant changes in flow components between the three phases of the pilot. Students’ responses indicate assimilation of social practices, and understanding of the relation between parameters. We conclude that careful design of game parameters influences the flow experience as well as the learning experience, understanding of content goals and social values.

  7. Can a Systematic Assessment Moderation Process Assure the Quality and Integrity of Assessment Practice While Supporting the Professional Development of Casual Academics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crimmins, Gail; Nash, Gregory; Oprescu, Florin; Alla, Kristel; Brock, Ginna; Hickson-Jamieson, Bree; Noakes, Caitlin

    2016-01-01

    There has been a threefold increase in the employment of casual academics in Australian universities within the last 20 years, to the extent that most teaching and marking is now undertaken by casual academics, also known as sessional staff. Yet, casualised teaching and assessment has been considered a risk to student engagement and success, and…

  8. Casual Video Games as Training Tools for Attentional Processes in Everyday Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroud, Michael J; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss

    2015-11-01

    Three experiments examined the attentional components of the popular match-3 casual video game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). Attentionally demanding, BJB is highly popular among adults, particularly those in middle and later adulthood. In experiment 1, 54 older adults (Mage = 70.57) and 33 younger adults (Mage = 19.82) played 20 rounds of BJB, and completed online tasks measuring reaction time, simple visual search, and conjunction visual search. Prior experience significantly predicted BJB scores for younger adults, but for older adults, both prior experience and simple visual search task scores predicted BJB performance. Experiment 2 tested whether BJB practice alone would result in a carryover benefit to a visual search task in a sample of 58 young adults (Mage = 19.57) who completed 0, 10, or 30 rounds of BJB followed by a BJB-like visual search task with targets present or absent. Reaction times were significantly faster for participants who completed 30 but not 10 rounds of BJB compared with the search task only. This benefit was evident when targets were both present and absent, suggesting that playing BJB improves not only target detection, but also the ability to quit search effectively. Experiment 3 tested whether the attentional benefit in experiment 2 would apply to non-BJB stimuli. The results revealed a similar numerical but not significant trend. Taken together, the findings suggest there are benefits of casual video game playing to attention and relevant everyday skills, and that these games may have potential value as training tools. PMID:26448498

  9. Predictive value of casual ECG-based resting heart rate compared with resting heart rate obtained from Holter recording

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Nicholas; Dixen, Ulrik; Marott, Jacob L;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Assessment of heart rate (HR) from Holter recording may afford a more precise estimate of the effect of RHR on cardiovascular risk, as compared to casual RHR. Comparative analysis was carried ...

  10. An Exploatory Investigation of the Sales Forecasting Process in the Casual Theme and Family Dining Segments of Commercial Restaurant Corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Yvette Nicole Julia

    2001-01-01

    An Exploratory Investigation of the Sales Forecasting Process in the Casual Theme and Family Dining Segments of Commercial Restaurant Corporations Yvette Nicole Julia Green Committee Chair: Pamela A. Weaver Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management (Abstract) Sales forecasting is an essential tool for the planning function of corporate restaurant management. Accurate sales forecasts allow functional areas, such as marketing, advertising, human resources, and financ...

  11. McUniversities Revisited: A Comparison of University and McDonald's Casual Employee Experiences in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadolny, Andrew; Ryan, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    The McDonaldization of higher education refers to the transformation of universities from knowledge generators to rational service organizations or "McUniversities". This is reflected in the growing dependence on a casualized academic workforce. The article explores the extent to which the McDonaldization thesis applies to universities…

  12. Number of casual male sexual partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men: Results from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salazar Laura F

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2006, the majority of new HIV infections were in MSM. We sought to describe numbers of casual sex partners among US MSM. Methods Data are from the first MSM cycle of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, conducted from 2003 to 2005. Relationships between number of casual male sex partners within the previous year and demographic information, self-reported HIV status, and risk behaviors were determined through regression models. Results Among 11,191 sexually active MSM, 76% reported a casual male partner. The median casual partner number was three. Lower number of casual partners was associated with black race, Hispanic ethnicity, and having a main sex partner in the previous year. Factors associated with a higher number included gay identity, exchange sex, both injection and non-injection drug use. Being HIV-positive was associated with more partners among non-blacks only. Age differences in partner number were seen only among chat room users. Conclusions MSM who were black, Hispanic or had a main sex partner reported fewer casual sex partners. Our results suggest specific populations of MSM who may benefit most from interventions to reduce casual partner numbers.

  13. From casual stargazer to amateur astronomer how to advance to the next level

    CERN Document Server

    Eagle, Dave

    2014-01-01

    The beginning astronomical observer passes through a series of stages.The initial stage is hugely exciting and gives beginners a real buzz as they discover some of the faint fuzzy objects,  markings on the planets, rings around Saturn and the craters on the Moon. But as novice stargazers progress, they want to know what more there is than looking at faint fuzzy blobs or indistinct planet markings. Many novices jump to the conclusion – wrongly – that they need to spend lots of money on expensive equipment to progress.   “From Casual Stargazer to Amateur Astronomer” has been written specifically to address this group of budding amateur astronomers. Astronomy is much more than a quick sightseeing tour. Patient observers who develop their skills will start to appreciate what they are seeing, knowing exactly what to look out for on any particular night. Equally important, they will learn what not to expect to see.   This guide is for those who want to develop their observing skills beyond mere sightseei...

  14. Reasons for playing casual video games and perceived benefits among adults 18 to 80 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Ellenberg, Stacy; Akimoto, Kyoko

    2013-12-01

    Casual video games (CVGs) are becoming increasingly popular among middle-aged and older adults, yet there are few studies documenting why adults of different ages play these games, what benefits they perceive, and how regularly they play. The present study compared the online survey responses of 10,308 adults ranging from 18 to 80 years of age to questions regarding PopCap's popular free online game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). All respondents cited playing against friends as their main reason for playing. However, there were differences by age in the second most frequently cited reason. Middle-aged adults cited stress relief, and older adults reported that they seek the game's challenges. As a result of playing CVGs, younger adults noted that they felt sharper and experienced improved memory; older adults were more likely to feel that their visuospatial skills and response time benefited. Adults aged 60 and older had heavier patterns of game play than did adults under the age of 60 years. A significant number of respondents (14.7%) spontaneously noted that they felt that BJB had addictive qualities. CVG players seem to be drawn into this activity by its social nature and to a certain extent by its reinforcing properties. Once involved, however, they believe that they derive a number of benefits that, for older adults, appear to offset declines in age-sensitive cognitive functions. PMID:23971430

  15. Rules about casual sex partners, relationship satisfaction, and HIV risk in partnered gay and bisexual men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grov, Christian; Starks, Tyrel J; Rendina, H Jonathon; Parsons, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    The authors used latent class analysis to investigate rules guiding nonmonogamy in partnered gay and bisexual men. Data are from a 2010 survey (N = 463) from which those in relationships (n = 191) were analyzed. More than half (56%) were nonmonogamous, and these men responded to 13 rules about sex outside of their relationship. The safe anonymous sex group (34%) included men who indicated that they must use condoms for anal sex and not have sex with people they know. The communication mandate group (19%) included men who indicated that they must talk about outside partners before sex occurs, disclose their relationship status to outside partners, and use condoms for anal sex. The play together group (9%) included men who indicated that they must play with others as a couple, not have anal sex with outside partners, and not spend the night with outside partners. Those in the no salient rule group (37%) were individuals who did not endorse a clear set of rules. These 4 groups (and compared with monogamous men) differed in age, agreement formality and flexibility, relationship satisfaction, and whether anal sex recently occurred with casual partners. This study provides a novel approach for understanding nonmonogamous same-sex relationships and highlights their complexity. PMID:23768194

  16. Hashtags and retweets: using Twitter to aid Community, Communication and Casual (informal learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Reed

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the evolution of Web 2.0, or the Social Web, the way in which users interact with/on the Internet has seen a massive paradigm shift. Web 2.0 tools and technologies have completely changed the dynamics of the Internet, enabling users to create content; be it text, photographs or video; and furthermore share and collaborate across massive geographic boundaries. As part of this revolution, arguably the most significant tools have been those employing social media. This research project set out to investigate student's attitudes, perceptions and activity toward the use of Twitter in supporting learning and teaching. In so doing, this paper touches on a number of current debates in higher education, such as the role (and perceived rise of informal learning; and debates around Digital Natives/Immigrants vs. Digital Residents/Visitors. In presenting early research findings, the author considers the 3Cs of Twitter (T3c: Community, Communication and Casual (informal learning. Data suggests that students cannot be classed as Digital Natives purely on age and suggests a rethinking of categorisations is necessary. Furthermore, the data suggests students are developing their own personal learning environments (PLEs based on user choice. Those students who voluntarily engaged with Twitter during this study positively evaluated the tool for use within learning and teaching.

  17. Does casual sex harm college students' well-being? A longitudinal investigation of the role of motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrangalova, Zhana

    2015-05-01

    Engagement in casual sex (or hooking up) is generally feared to have negative well-being consequences; however, empirical evidence is inconclusive, pointing toward potential moderators. Using self-determination theory (SDT), we hypothesized that well-being following hookups would depend on the type and level of motivation for hooking up. A university-wide sample of 528 undergraduates completed online surveys at the beginning (T1) and end (T3) of one academic year. After controlling for demographics, personality traits (i.e., neuroticism and extraversion), prior casual and romantic sex, and T1 well-being, having genital hookups between T1 and T3 for non-autonomous reasons (i.e., due to self-imposed pressures, external contingencies and controls, or complete lack of intentionality) was linked to lower self-esteem, higher depression and anxiety, and more physical symptoms. Autonomous hookup motivation (i.e., emanating from one's self) was not linked to any outcomes. Compared to peers without hookups, those with high non-autonomy in their hookups typically had inferior well-being; this was not true of those with low non-autonomy hookups. Gender differences, implications for SDT and casual sex research, and implications for educational programs and clinical work are discussed. PMID:24496788

  18. How we capitalised on casual PBL facilitators' expertise and experience to add value to our medical programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Michelle; Arrigoni, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    While problem-based learning (PBL) has been widely implemented in medical education, it has been acknowledged to be resource-intensive, particularly in terms of academics' time. In some institutions, such as Bond University (Australia), casual facilitators have been employed (paid hourly) to oversee the PBL tutorials. Apart from considerable experience as PBL facilitators, they also have expertise as allied health professionals or biomedical scientists. Several facilitators have educational qualifications. Recognising that their roles have expanded beyond the PBL tutorial room, we canvassed PBL facilitators in terms of their contributions to Bond University's medical programme. We can report that our facilitators have contributed to the renewal of Bond's medical programme, from design (e.g. curriculum structure, case-writing) to PBL case reviews. They are also involved in formative and summative assessment. Facilitators identified that, because of their prolonged involvement with the students in small groups, they consider themselves more than facilitators of student learning. They are role models and personal guides. Recognising the value these casually employed facilitators have added to our medical programme, we will continue to develop their skills in, for example, reviewing cases and assessment. We recommend that if institutions do employ casual facilitators, their expertise and experience can add value to the curriculum and to students' experience. PMID:26067374

  19. Problem of probabilistic calculation of the design on linearly and non-linearly deformable basis with casual parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich

    Full Text Available In the article the problem of calculation of a construction basis system in case of earthquake is considered taking into account casual properties of basis soil in various points of the soil body. As a stochastic function in the calculation of linearly deformable basis, the deformation module, which accepts different values in the direction x, y, z, was chosen. In the calculation of the system on non-linearly deformable basis as incidentally distributed sizes the following parameters were accepted: deformation module, shear modulus, specific adhesion, angle of internal friction. The authors of the article offer to consider initial seismic influence in the form of casual stationary process. In order to solve such problems modern software systems are proposed that solve differential equations of motion via direct integration with explicit schemes. The calculation in this case will be held on the synthesized accelerograms. A short review of the task solution of the beam lying on elastic basis, which was received by D.N. Sobolev at casual distribution of pastel coefficient in the direction x, is provided in article. In order to define the objective, D.N. Sobolev gives expressions for a population mean and correlation function of stochastic function. As a result of the task solution population means and dispersions of function of movements and its derivatives were received. The problem formulation considered in the article is more complicated, but at the same time important from a practical standpoint.

  20. Number of casual male sexual partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men: Results from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Laura F; DiNenno Elizabeth A; Sullivan Patrick S; Rosenberg Eli S; Sanchez Travis H

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background In 2006, the majority of new HIV infections were in MSM. We sought to describe numbers of casual sex partners among US MSM. Methods Data are from the first MSM cycle of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, conducted from 2003 to 2005. Relationships between number of casual male sex partners within the previous year and demographic information, self-reported HIV status, and risk behaviors were determined through regression models. Results Among 11,191 sexually a...

  1. Earth Girl 2: Learning and Perfecting Tsunami Preparedness with a Casual Strategy Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerlow, I.; Taisne, B.; Switzer, A.; Meltzner, A. J.; Hubbard, J.; Sieh, K.

    2014-12-01

    "Earth Girl 2: Preparing for the Tsunami" is an interactive game about making strategic decisions that can directly increase the survival rate in coastal communities during earthquake and tsunami scenarios. Earth Girl is the host and guide in this casual strategy game with social impact, and the player is the protagonist. The game was developed by an interdisciplinary team of scientists and game artists at the Earth Observatory of Singapore. Earth Girl 2 is based on real-life situations, with an emphasis on learning preparedness and survival skills. It was inspired by the kids who live in coastal communities throughout Asia, and by the stories told by survivors of recent tsunamis. The action takes place in four main areas: the Market, the Map, the Toolbox, and two dozen game levels with a variety of evacuation scenarios. The gameplay encourages proactive exploration and discovery of these scenarios, with Earth Girl providing knowledge, tips and feedback throughout the game. The basic game play includes: learning about tsunami hazards by talking to people at the market, choosing tools based on a budget, exploring the site and making strategic decisions, and learning from watching the simulation. The level of success of players in this game depends on their strategic decisions which is somewhat tied to their level of interaction with the virtual community. The game is currently being tested with children in Southeast Asian communities and is scheduled for release in late 2014. The presentation will demonstrate aspects of the game (played on an iPad connected to the projector), and will describe some of the challenges and solutions encountered by the interdisciplinary team.

  2. A Study of Engagement in Active and Passive Roles in Casual Leisure Occupations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne M. Fenech

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This article explores whether engagement with listening occupations varies depending on the occupational role or the level of sensory stimulation presented to participants with neuropalliative conditions. Method: The study used a multiple case quasi-experimental study involving marginal-participant timesampled observations of engagement of individuals with neuropalliative conditions, with casual leisure occupations using the Individual Child Engagement Record. Data was collected using the Individual Child Engagement Record with 14 participants (who had Barthel scores averaging 7/100. The participants represented a particular sub-group of individuals with profound levels of neurological disability. Results: The time-sampled observations of engagement showed a significant difference between the scores for the control condition, engagement in a potentially active role at a music-making group, and engagement in a passive audience role when listening to an audio recording. Therefore, passively listening to an audio recording appears to be less engaging than the potentially active role offered by the music-making group for participants with neuropalliative conditions. Conclusion: The small sample size and the use of a single observer without video recording backup compromised the reliability of the data while complying with the facility’s POVA policy. Switching on an auditory recording or broadcast, while easy to arrange, may not be sufficiently engaging to prevent boredom and occupational deprivation. Consideration of an individual’s sensory, support, and role preference should be undertaken when designing leisure occupations for individuals with neuropalliative conditions rather than simply switching on an audio recording or broadcast

  3. Perceived social approval and condom use with casual partners among youth in urban Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meekers Dominique

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HIV prevention programs targeting youth often emphasize the role of peers, and assume that youths will model their behavior after their peers'. We challenge this view; we argue that adopting a given behavior requires social approval, and that youths do not necessarily turn to peers for such approval. This study analyzes survey data on youths in urban Cameroon to 1 identify which type of persons youths look to for social approval, and 2 establish how important social approval by these persons is for condom use among youths. Methods We analyzed data from three survey waves (2000, 2002, and 2003 of a reproductive health survey conducted among urban Cameroonian youth (aged 15-24. Only respondents who reported having at least one casual partner in the past year were retained for the analysis. Bivariate analyses and structural equation modeling were used to examine relationships among perceived social approval, attitudes towards condoms and condom use. Results The data show that only 3% of youths named their friends as people whose opinion they valued, while 93% mentioned family members. The perceived approval of condom use by these persons had a significant positive effect on the frequency of condom use among youths. The frequency of condom use was also affected by the respondents' attitudes toward condom use, the range of persons with whom they discussed reproductive health matters, whether they were enrolled in school, socioeconomic status, their self-efficacy, perceived severity of AIDS, risk perception and sexual risk behavior. The perceived social approval of condom use and the respondents' own condom attitudes were correlated. Conclusions Our analysis demonstrates that perceived social approval facilitates the adoption of condom use among urban Cameroonian youth. However, youths tend to value the opinions of family members much more than the opinions of their peers. These results suggest that interventions targeting youths

  4. The Dynamics of Condom Use with Regular and Casual Partners: Analysis of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Survey of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Aphichat Chamratrithirong; Paulina Kaiser

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine factors associated with levels of condom use among heterosexual Thai males in sex with regular partners and in sex with casual partners. METHODS: The data used in this study are from the national probability sample of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Study, the third nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Thailand. A subtotal of 2,281 men were analyzed in the study, including young (18-24) and older (25-59) adults who were residents of rur...

  5. Risk Management in the AIDS Scenario: Strategies Adopted by Men Who Have Sex with Men in Casual Partnerships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Moraes De Luiz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this study was on risk management strategies used in the aids scenario. For this purpose the chosen scenario was the sexual practices of men who have sex with other men in casual partnerships. Theoretically, the study was based on the notion of risky life styles in its interface with the health promotion framework. By means of a snowball strategy we located ten men who agreed to be interviewed. These interviews were analyzed using discourse analysis techniques. The results suggest that in all cases information about risk for infection by HIV/STD derived from a diversity of sources were used as repertoires for making sense of risks. The analysis led us to propose that information serves as a safety belt that allows risk taking within a certain margin of safety, even though within a scenario of uncertainty.

  6. A casual alien plant new to Mediterranean Europe: Ceiba speciosa (Malvaceae in the suburban area of Palermo (NW Sicily, Italy

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    Pasta, Salvatore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The abiotic and biotic characteristics of the first sites where floss silk tree behaves as a casual alien plant in the Mediterranean Europe are described. The species was probably first planted in botanical gardens of southern France few decades before mid XIX century. It was introduced in Palermo in 1896, a city which appears to match very well its climatic requirements. According to the available information on its biology and ecology in both its original and secondary range, the floss silk tree should not become an invasive alien plant in the Mediterranean. Nevertheless, several gaps need to be filled in order to increase our understanding of future trends of Ceiba speciosa in southern Europe, in particular, the eventual role of pollinators and seed dispersers outside the species’ natural range.Se describen las caracteristicas abióticas y bióticas de los primeros sitios del mediterráneo europeo donde el árbol palo borracho se encuentra creciendo como especie alóctona casual. Con respecto a la historia de su introducción, esta especie fue probablemente plantada en los jardines botánicos del sur de Francia unos pocos decenios antes de la mitad del siglo XIX. En 1896, sin embargo, fue introducida en Palermo, ciudad que parece satisfacer muy bien sus requerimientos climáticos. De acuerdo con la información disponible, tanto dentro como fuera de su área de distribución natural, el palo borracho no debería convertirse en planta invasora en el mediterráneo. Sin embargo, algunos vacíos de información deben ser completados antes de establecer su potencial invasor de una manera definitiva, particularmente, el posible papel de agentes polinizadores y dispersores fuera del área de distribución natural de la especie.

  7. An Investigation of Pragmatic Functions and Position of Prevalent Persian Discourse Markers Used in Casual Conversations among Tehrani Speakers

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    Manizheh Alami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Given that a systematic treatment of Persian Discourse Markers (hereafter DMs is almost absent in modern Persian linguistics and to bridge this gap, the audio-recorded data comprising 14 face to face casual conversations involving two-party and multi-party interactions among family members, acquaintances and close friends are used to shed light on these ‘frequently used’ but ‘frequently unnoticed’ linguistic elements. To document a list of the most common DMs typically used in Tehrani dialect of Persian language and to have a detailed description of their discoursal functions in talk, Brinton’s (1996 binary classification of DMs functions (textual and interpersonal was developed to provide an empirically-supported account of the functions and position of Persian DMs in interaction among Tehrani speakers. The present account of DMs which is basically ‘analytical description’ provides the reader with the knowledge about how Persian DMs operate in actual usage. The findings are built upon a 3105-word corpus including 14 audio-recorded conversations among 50 participants. Altogether 34 tokens of Persian DMs with an overall 254 occurrences were identified among which na/na baba (no/no daddy with the total of 33 (12.84% occurrences were the most frequently used Persian DM in the data which are followed by dige (no English equivalent, aare/ba’ale (yep/yes, yani (I mean, vali (but, haalaa/ alaan (now, bebin/nega kon (look and aslan (by no means/ never.To the author, research on the functions and distributional patterns of Persian DMs will broaden our knowledge of their discoursal behavior in language in general and contribute to the already growing cross-linguistic body of work on DMs.Keywords: Discourse Markers, Persian language, Textual function, Interpersonal function, Casual conversation

  8. Comparação e correlação entre automedida, medida casual e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial

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    Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A medida casual da pressão arterial (PA pelos profissionais de saúde está sujeita a uma grande variabilidade, sendo necessário buscar novos métodos que possam superar essa limitação. OBJETIVO: Comparar e avaliar a correlação entre os níveis de PA obtidos por meio da automedida da pressão arterial (AMPA com a medida casual e com a monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA. MÉTODOS: Avaliamos hipertensos que realizaram as três metodologias de medida da PA com intervalo menor que 30 dias; as médias das pressões foram utilizadas para comparação e correlação. Foram empregados os aparelhos: OMRON 705 CP (medida casual, OMRON HEM 714 (AMPA e SPACELABS 9002 (MAPA. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 32 pacientes, 50,09% mulheres, idade média 59,7 (± 11,2 anos, média do IMC 26,04 (± 3,3 kg/m². Valores médios de pressão sistólica (PAS e pressão diastólica (PAD para a AMPA foram de 134 (± 15,71mmHg e 79,32 (± 12,38 mmHg. Na medida casual as médias da PAS e PAD foram, respectivamente, 140,84 (± 16,15mmHg e 85 (± 9,68 mmHg. Os valores médios da MAPA na vigília foram 130,47 (± 13,26 mmHg e 79,84 (± 9,82 mmHg para PAS e PAD, respectivamente. Na análise comparativa, a AMPA apresentou valores semelhantes aos da MAPA (p > 0,05 e diferentes da medida casual (p < 0,05. Na análise de correlação a AMPA foi superior à medida casual, considerando a MAPA como o padrão de referência nas medidas tensionais. CONCLUSÃO: A AMPA apresentou melhor comparação com a MAPA do que a medida casual e também se correlacionou melhor com a aquela, especialmente para a pressão diastólica, devendo ser considerada uma alternativa com baixo custo para o acompanhamento do paciente hipertenso.

  9. Why Do Korean Listeners Have Difficulty Recovering the Meaning of Casual Speech in English? A Study in Pragmatics

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    Jiyon Cook

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper pragmatically explores why Korean listeners encounter difficulties in recovering the speaker's meaning during casual English conversations. Meaning is derived not only from the simple decoding of the composed words but also through a more complex cognitive-pragmatic process of “free enrichment.” In addition to enriching a linguistically encoded logical form, deriving meaning necessitates the recognition of different uses of a language, one of which is the use of expressions in the listener’s culture. The differences in the perception of utterances between native and non-native English speakers highlight the influence of metapragmatic awareness on free enrichment. It can elaborate and/or repair a propositional attitude alongside a linguistically encoded logical form as well as determine an explicature or implicature. This study finds that the need to be aware of the uses of the target language imposes a more conscious burden on Korean listeners, leading to difficulties in recovering the speaker’s meaning.

  10. The development of a model of education for casual academic staff who support nursing students in practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackay, Maria T; Brown, Roy A; Joyce-McCoach, Joanne T; Smith, Kylie M

    2014-05-01

    Nursing is predominantly a practice based profession where clinical placement for pre-registration nursing students is a significant component of their programme, as this is pivotal in achieving work readiness of the graduate registered nurse. It is therefore important to ensure nursing students have high quality clinical placements that are supervised by well-prepared experienced registered nurses. This paper discusses one component of the reconnaissance phase of a wider action research project being undertaken in a metropolitan university in NSW, Australia seeking to enhance the development and support of casual academic staff known as clinical supervisors who support students in clinical placement. The outcomes attributed to this project are the development of a participation model which has resulted in a collaborative partnership between the university and clinical supervisors and secondly, the embedding of solution focused ways of working and practice development into the program. The information from the reconnaissance phase of this project confirms the need for further research into the implementation of the participatory model to ensure that future education and support process are developed through collaboration. PMID:24176600

  11. Disclosure appraisal mediating the association between perceived stigma and HIV disclosure to casual sex partners among HIV+ MSM: a path model analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haochu; Chen, Xinguang; Yu, Bin

    2016-06-01

    HIV stigma is widely believed to be related to HIV disclosure. However, there is a dearth of studies examining the mechanisms that link stigma to disclosure. This is a specific study to assess the relationship between perceived stigma and HIV disclosure to casual sex partners based on a social cognitive theory. HIV+ men who have sex with men (MSM) from two US cities (N = 297) completed questionnaires administered using audio computer-assisted self-interviewing. Path modeling analysis was used to assess the theory-based structural relationships. Perceived stigma was negatively associated with attitudes, intention and behavior of HIV disclosure to casual sex partners. The association was fully mediated by disclosure appraisal, including disclosure outcome expectations, costs and self-efficacy. Findings of this study add new knowledge regarding HIV stigma and disclosure, and provide timely data supporting more effective behavioral interventions to encourage HIV disclosure among MSM. PMID:27009408

  12. An Exploratory Study of Strategic Human Resource Management High Performance Work Practices for Unit Level Managers, in the Casual Segment of the Us Restaurant

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    The previous chapters described in detail the literature, theory and research on Co-alignment, RBV and SHRM that was the basis for the development of a construct for the conceptualization of HPWP in the casual theme restaurant sector of the US hospitality industry for management. Firms able to implement such HPWP systems possessing universality, i.e. complementary internal fit, have been shown to increase the intangible value of their human capital (employees) and create greater economic val...

  13. The importance of, and satisfaction with, store attributes when buying casual wear : a study among black Generation Y consumers / by Stefanie Wilhelmina Kühn.

    OpenAIRE

    Kühn, Stefanie Wilhelmina

    2010-01-01

    Since the retail industry is marked by intense competition, retailers must examine the factors influencing the buying behaviour of their targeted consumers and ensure that they formulate a retail strategy that contributes to a pleasant consumer retail experience. Consumers' total retail experience is determined by numerous store attributes that interact, implying that apparel retailers (and stores selling casual wear in particular) should be concerned with store attributes that are important ...

  14. The Causality of Casualness in the Translations of World Poetry: Jorie Graham vs Mary Oliver in Italy

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    Paola Loreto

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores the impact of poetry translation on the circulation of the works of American poets in Italy. The research is conducted by means of a double approach: in the first place, the aesthetic and cultural value of the poetry of two American women poets (Jorie Graham and Mary Oliver is assessed, whose work has received a radically different reception. Secondly, the reasons for this disparity of treatment are sought in the interrelation between the practices and activity of poetry translation and of publication, as they are customarily led in Italy. These are inferred from sample interviews with professionals in both fields. The results of the investigation highlight a combination of the casual and the causal, the causing factor being the occasional encounter of a poet with a translator, who then chooses his/her author, texts, and translating strategies according to his/her personal aesthetic, and sometimes ideological, judgment. Il saggio offre un’analisi dell’influenza delle traduzioni sulla circolazione della poesia americana contemporanea in Italia. La ricerca si articola in due momenti: in primo luogo viene fornita una valutazione estetica e culturale dell’opera di due poetesse americane, Jorie Graham e Mary Oliver, la cui ricezione in Italia è particolarmente significativa perché sta conoscendo fortune opposte; in secondo luogo viene condotta un’indagine dei motivi di questa disparità di trattamento nell’interazione tra le pratiche di traduzione e le dinamiche di pubblicazione in atto in Italia. Queste sono state dedotte da alcune interviste campione con professionisti dei due campi. I risultati hanno evidenziato una combinazione di fattori casuali e causali, nella quale l’incontro personale e a volte fortuito tra un poeta e un traduttore mette in moto strategie di selezione e di traduzione motivate da ragioni estetiche e a volte ideologiche. 

  15. A cross-sectional study of associations between casual partner, friend discrimination, social support and anxiety symptoms among Chinese transgender women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaoshi; Wang, Lie; Gu, Yuan; Song, Wei; Hao, Chun; Zhou, Jinling; Zhang, Qun; Zhao, Qun

    2016-10-01

    Anxiety symptoms are the prevalent mental disorders for transgender women. However, only a few studies are available pertaining to this problem among Chinese Transgender women. Chinese Transgender women are a vulnerable population which is exposed to discrimination and loss of social support due to their gender identity and transition. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety symptoms among Chinese transgender women. A cross-sectional study was performed by convenience sampling. This comprised of 209 Chinese transgender women in Shenyang, China. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to assess anxiety symptoms for these transgender women. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the associated factors of SAS. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in Chinese transgender women was found to be 34.5%. Regression analyses indicated that SAS was associated with casual partnership, friend discrimination and social support in the final model. Sexual partnership and discrimination contributed the most to the model, R-square, accounting for 19.2% and 15.5% of the total variance respectively. Chinese transgender women showed considerably high level of anxiety symptoms. It was also found that they were exposed to significant transition challenges, such as high risk sexual partnership, excessive discrimination and a reduction in social support. Furthermore, anxiety symptoms was best predicted by the absence or presence of a casual partner, friend discrimination and social support rather than the disclosure of their gender identity, knowledge of HIV prevention and health service. Improvement of social support, reduction of friend discrimination and determination of the characteristics of risky sexual partnerships especially for the casual partner can help to attenuate anxiety symptoms and increase mental well-being for transgender women. PMID:27267953

  16. Compensation Method for Texture Mapping Using Casual Images%随意图像纹理映射的补偿方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小丹; 佟鹏

    2012-01-01

    The local photogrammetry texture mapping using casual images is a new 3D model texture mapping method, but there is texture distortion from lack of local texture. A compensation method of texture mapping was presented. On the basis of the local photogrammetry and constraint parameters texture mapping method,according to the relationship between the model and casual images, the area of texture missing is determined. The minimum rigid-body dynamics inertia determination method and mirror image method are utilized to search for the symmetry plane within the scope of model mapping. The texture information of the symmetric points is got to implement compensation of texture mapping for the area of texture missing. Experimental results show that,for the local symmetrical 3D model,the area of texture missing is complemented,and the texture stretching distortion is eliminated.%基于局部摄影测量学的随意图像纹理映射是一种新的三维模型纹理映射方法,但其存在由局部纹理缺失引起的纹理失真问题.提出一种纹理映射的补偿方法,即在局部摄影测量学和约束参数纹理映射方法的基础上,根据随意图像与模型的关系确定纹理缺失区域,采用刚体转动惯量极小值测定方法和镜像方法寻找模型待映射范围内的对称面,用对称点的纹理信息对纹理缺失区域进行纹理映射补偿.实验结果表明,对于有局部对称面的三维模型,补足了缺失的纹理,消除了纹理拉伸失真现象.

  17. Invasive, naturalized and casual alien plants in southern Africa: a sum­mary based on the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA

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    L. Henderson

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this publication is to provide an overview of the species identity, invasion status, geographical extent, and abundance of alien plants in South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho, based on field records from 1979 to the end of 2000. The dataset is all the species records for the study area in the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA database during this time period. A total of 548 naturalized and casual alien plant species were catalogued and invasion was recorded almost throughout the study area. Most invasion, in terms of both species numbers and total species abundance, was recorded along the southern, southwestern and eastern coastal belts and in the adjacent interior. This area includes the whole of the Fynbos and Forest Biomes, and the moister eastern parts of the Grassland and Savanna Biomes. This study reinforces previous studies that the Fynbos Biome is the most extensively invaded vegetation type in South Africa but it also shows that parts of Savanna and Grassland are as heavily invaded as parts of the Fynbos. The Fabaceae is prominent in all biomes and Acacia with 17 listed species, accounts for a very large proportion of all invasion. Acacia mearmii was by far the most prominent invasive species in the study area, followed by A. saligna, Lantana camara, A. cyclops, Opuntia ficus-indica. Solarium mauritianum, Populus alba/xcanescens, Melia azedarach, A. dealbata and species of Prosopis.

  18. The Use Of Leısure Tıme: Actıvıtıes Of Serıous Leısure And Casual Leısure

    OpenAIRE

    ARSLAN, Sibel

    2011-01-01

    The subject of this study is gradually increasing differences in human beings’ life and the risks or benefits of using disparate leisure time. Realizing the difference is necessary to reach both individual and social benefits of leisure time. In this study leisure time is analyzed in various perspectives and this is investigated in casual leisure and serious leisure contexts which have not been studied in Turkey so far. In conclusion, by informing the differences in the use of leisure time, s...

  19. Concept,feature and practical logic:local study on casual sex%概念、特征与实践逻辑:偶遇性性行为的本土化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中一

    2015-01-01

    The casual sex is the sexual behavior,in a particular social context,based on sexual attraction and interpersonal contact.The essential characteristic of the casual sex includes three aspects.First,it is happed in situation of situationality;second,it is interpersonal interaction.Third,the expected development is uncertainty. Meanwhile,the practical logic of casual sex makes the process of random acts accompanied by significantly higher in the health and social risks.%偶遇性性行为就是在特定社会情境中,以人际互动为基础,基于激情或性的吸引而发生的短暂性接触行为。偶遇性性行为具有行动的情境性、人际关系的互动性以及发展预期的不确定性等三个方面的本质特征。同时,偶遇性性行为特有的实践逻辑,也使得偶遇性性行为在过程中伴随着较高的健康和社会风险。

  20. 四川省凉山州某县彝族村民偶遇性行为调查%Analysis of an Investigation of Casual Sexual Behaviors among Yi Ethnic Villagers in One County in Liangshan of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨义; 吴春霖; 刘鹏; 周颖; 陈文; 罗清国; 徐强; 栾荣生

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the current situations and influential factors of casual sexual behavior among young people from Yi ethnic group.Methods: A questionnaire about HIV/AIDS related attitudes and behaviors was used to investigate 108 Yi ethnic villagers at the age between 15 and 35 years, in-depth interview was used for 6 men and 6 women, and informal interview was used for 4 key informants.Re sults: Corresponding.50.0%, 39.8%, and 31 .5% thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward premarital sexual behavior, extramarital sexual behavior before and after cohabiting. People with multiple sexual relationships accumulatively and within last one year were 66.7% and 22.2%.82.4% of the respondents had had casual sexual behavior.Logistic regression results showed that male, younger respondents who thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward extramarital sexual behavior before cohabiting, were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.When going to township and attending someone's wedding, villagers were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.47.7% of the respondents had ever heard about condom, among who 54.9% never used and no one used every time when having sex.Conclusions: Having casual sexual behaviors is common, and it is urgent to promote condom use among Yi ethnic villagers.%目的:了解彝族村民偶遇性行为现状.方法:对108名15-35岁彝族村民进行了性态度和行为问卷调查,完成了12名村民的个别深入访谈和4名重要知情人士访谈.结果:认为周围人对婚前性行为、对落夫家前、后婚外性行为持"可以"态度的调查对象分别占50.O%、39.8%和31.5%.累积和最近1年有多性伴者分别占66.7%和22.2%.82.4%的调查对象发生过偶遇性行为.Logistic回归分析发现:男性初次性行为年龄小、"剧围的人对(落夫家前)婚外性行为"持开放态度者更容易发生偶遇性行为.赶场和参加婚礼最容易发生偶遇性行为.47.7%的

  1. Estudo de validação das equações de Tanaka e de Kawasaki para estimar a excreção diária de sódio através da coleta da urina casual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Geraldo Mill

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Objetivo: Validar as fórmulas de Tanaka e Kawasaki para cálculo do consumo de sal pela relação sódio/creatinina na urina casual. Métodos: Foram estudados 272 adultos (20 - 69 anos, 52,6% de mulheres com coleta urinária de 24 h e duas coletas casuais no mesmo dia (em jejum - casual 1 - e fora do jejum - casual 2. Antropometria, pressão arterial e coleta de sangue foram obtidos no mesmo dia. A concordância entre o consumo de sal estimado pela urina de 24 h e pela urina casual foi feita por Pearson (r e Bland & Altman. Resultados: O consumo médio de sal medido pela urina de 24 h foi de 10,4 ± 5,3 g/dia. A correlação entre a excreção de sódio na urina de 24 h e a estimada pela urina casual 1 ou 2, respectivamente, foi apenas moderada, tanto por Tanaka (r = 0,51 e r = 0,55; p < 0,001 como por Kawasaki (r = 0,52 e r = 0,54; p < 0,001. Observa-se subestimação crescente dos valores estimados em relação ao medido com o aumento do consumo de sal pela fórmula de Tanaka e, ao contrário, superestimação ao usar a fórmula de Kawasaki. As fórmulas estimam adequadamente o consumo diário de sal (diferença entre sal medido e estimado de, no máximo, 1 g/dia somente com consumo entre 9 - 12 g/dia (Tanaka e 12 - 18 g/dia (Kawasaki. Conclusão: A coleta de urina casual estima adequadamente o consumo de sal apenas nos indivíduos próximos à média populacional.

  2. The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases among casual dock workers Prevalecía de enfermedades musculoesqueléticos entre trabajadores portuarios apulsos Prevalência de doenças musculoesqueléticas entre trabalhadores portuários avulsos

    OpenAIRE

    Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida; Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz; Jorgana Fernanda de Souza Soares; Mara Regina Santos da Silva

    2012-01-01

    This study identified the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among casual dockworkers. This is a retrospective and quantitative study, the data sources of which included the medical files of dockworkers from 2000 to 2009. Data were collected in a medical service for dockworkers using a previously developed form; descriptive quantitative analysis was performed. Ethical aspects were complied with. A total of 15.8% of the diagnoses identified among male workers referred to musc...

  3. Programming database tools for the casual user

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AGS Distributed Control System (AGSDCS) uses a relational database management system (INTERBASE) for the storage of all data associated with the control of the particle accelerator complex. This includes the static data which describes the component devices of the complex, as well as data for application program startup and data records that are used in analysis. Due to licensing restraints, it was necessary to develop tools to allow programs requiring access to a database to be unconcerned whether or not they were running on a licensed node. An in-house database server program was written, using Apollo mailbox communication protocols, allowing application programs via calls to this server to access the interbase database. Initially, the tools used by the server to actually access the database were written using the GDML C host language interface. Through the evolutionary learning process these tools have been converted to Dynamic SQL. Additionally, these tools have been extracted from the exclusive province of the database server and placed in their own library. This enables application programs to use these same tools on a licensed node without using the database server and without having to modify the application code. The syntax of the C calls remain the same

  4. Pneumonia and empyema: causal, casual or unknown

    OpenAIRE

    McCauley, Lindsay; Dean, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    Parapneumonic effusions complicating pneumonia are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Along with increased mortality, complicated parapneumonic effusion and empyema often necessitate prolonged treatment, longer hospital stay and interventions. Parapneumonic effusions arise from inflammation in the lungs and pleural space from direct invasion of bacteria, cascade of inflammatory events and bacteriologic virulence features. Patient factors and comorbidities also contribute to th...

  5. Differentiated Road Pricing, Express Lanes and Carpools: Exploiting Heterogeneous Preferences in Policy Design

    OpenAIRE

    Kenneth A. Small; Clifford Winston; Jia Yan

    2005-01-01

    In the face of rising congestion on the nation's road system, policymakers have explored ways to reduce travel delays. One approach has been to allocate reserved lanes, called high-occupancy-vehicle (HOV) lanes, to vehicles carrying two or more people. A recent innovation is to allow solo drivers to use the HOV lanes if they pay a toll. These so-called high-occupancy-toll (HOT) lanes can be found in Los Angeles, San Diego, Houston, and Minneapolis and are under consideration in several other ...

  6. Atmospheric Effects on Customers' Behavior in the Casual Restaurant: An Empirical Study Based on Extended Mehrabian-Russell Model%基于M—R模型的休闲餐厅环境对顾客行为影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊伟; 宋锐

    2011-01-01

    As one kind of the most popular dining styles, the new-fashioned Casual Dining attracts tons of customers by its environment and atmosphere. Moreover, M-R model reveals the structure of "Stimulus-Organism-Response" which can effectively explain how the atmo- spherics leads to the behaviors. The main purpose of this study is to examine the measurement system of the Casual Restaurants consumption environment from the perspectives of customers and the role of Casual Restaurants' consumption environment on customers' emotional responses and behaviors, Data were collected using a questionnaire survey and were analyzed via SPSS 16.0.The findings are showed as followings: The restaurants environment comprises totally 19 factors into 5 dimensions consisting of visual stimulus, auditory stimulus, intangibles, servers, congestion degree and other customers. Restaurants environment affects both customers' advent behavior and positive emotion significantly. Emotional response also influences customers' advent behavior obviously. Emotional response plays as the mediate between restaurants environment and advent behavior. Finally, some suggestions for follow-up research are put forward.%休闲餐饮作为一种新型餐饮形式备受消费者青睐,其环境和氛围正是其最大的吸引点。而M-R模型提出的“刺激物-有机体-反应”的结构能有效解释物理环境对个体行为如何造成影响。本文以休闲餐厅环境为研究对象,通过问誊调查获取第一手资料,采用SPSS统计软件的多种分析功能,探索基于顾客视角的餐厅环境构成要素和评价体系,并借用M—R模型深入研究餐厅环境对顾客情绪反应和行为反应的影响机理。结果显示:休闲餐厅环境要素评价体系由19个评价指标,共计五大因素构成,即视觉刺激要素、听觉刺激要素、无形要素、服务性要素以及空间和周围顾客要素;休闲餐厅环境显著影响顾客趋

  7. The Cultural Connotation of "Singing of Filial Piety" and "Casual Monologue" in Buyi Funerals%布依族葬礼中“唱孝”与“闲白”的民族文化意涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄斌

    2011-01-01

    布依族葬礼中"唱孝"与"闲白"具有丰富的民族文化意涵,"唱孝"的民族文化意涵为:一是对传统文化的形象概括与有效传承;二是祖先崇拜与图腾崇拜的完美再现;三是对未来美好生活的无限向往。而闲白则表示:对神灵的敬畏与期盼、对祖先的崇拜与赞美、对巫鬼的膜拜与祈求。祖先崇拜、巫鬼崇拜、自然崇拜构成了布依族原始崇拜的主要表现形式,民歌与白话充当了这种文化传承的有效载体。随着文化的融合和主流文化的扩展,文化的多元发展已成为历史发展的必然。%There are rich national cultural connotations in the "singing of filial piety" and "casual monologue" in Buyi Funerals.The connotations in singing filial piety are shown in three aspects: firstly,it is a vivid generalization and effective heritage to the traditional culture.Secondly,it is a perfect reappearance of worship to their ancestors and Totem.Thirdly,it shows their great longing for a bright future.At the same time,the connotations of casual monologue also include three points: the awe and anticipation to God,the worship and praise to their ancestors,and the prostrate worship and invocation to witchcrafts and ghosts.Worship to their ancestors,to witchcrafts and ghosts,and to nature constitute the main forms of Buyi's primitive worships,while its folk songs and colloquial language serve as an effective carrier of this culture.With the blends among cultures and the expanding of mainstream cultures,the pluralistic development of the culture has become the necessity of historical development.

  8. Periodontitis and Insulin Resistance: Casual or Causal Relationship?

    OpenAIRE

    Gurav, Abhijit N.

    2012-01-01

    Insulin resistance (IR) is now considered as a chronic and low level inflammatory condition. It is closely related to altered glucose tolerance, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, and coronary heart disease. IR is accompanied by the increase in the levels of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin-1 and 6, tumor necrosis factor-α. These inflammatory cytokines also play a crucial part in pathogenesis and progression of insulin resistance. Periodontitis is the commonest of oral diseases, ...

  9. The analysis of casual video records of fireballs

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Borovička, Jiří

    Hove: International Meteor Organization, 2014 - (Gyssens, M.), s. 101-105 ISBN 9782873550257. [International Meteor Conference /32./. Poznan (PL), 22.08.2013-25.08.2013] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP209/11/1382 Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : fireballs * calibration method Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  10. Professional Characteristics Communicated by Formal versus Casual Workplace Attire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardon, Peter W.; Okoro, Ephraim A.

    2009-01-01

    Employees are frequently advised to dress for success to build their careers. From the corporate perspective, employees who are well dressed are believed to form better impressions with colleagues, clients, and customers. Many companies create dress codes in order to gain the benefits of a professionally appearing workforce. Developing effective…

  11. Tourism and economic growth : casuality, persistence and asymmetry

    OpenAIRE

    Mérida Gutiérrez, Adrián Luis

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation provided new empirical evidence on the relationship between tourism and economic growth extending previous literature thanks to the use of recent and alternative econometric approaches including the use of structural breaks and nonlinear models in both the short and longer term. Furthermore, this work provided two empirical characterizations both for the supply and for the influence of the national and international business cycle of the Spanish Tourism Industry in order to ...

  12. Osteoporosis in adult with Marfan syndrome: casuality or causality?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D’Amore

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 100 years ago, Antoine Marfan first described a recurrent systemic disorder of connective tissue characterized by overgrowth of the long bones (1. It took an additional 50 years before ocular and cardiovascular manifestations were associated with this disorder, now termed Marfan syndrome (MFS. MFS is an inherited connective tissue disorder transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. This relatively common genetic condition affects approximately 2 to 3 per 10,000 individuals, without a particular gender, racial, geographic, or ethnic predilection (2. The disorder results from mutations in the fibrillin-1 (FBN1 gene located on chromosome 15q21.1(3. Approximately 15% of cases occur in the absence of a family history, representing new mutations; infact to date, over 550 mutations have been identified in patients with MFS and related connective tissue diseases. However, about a half of MFS cases do not possess mutations in the FBN1 gene...

  13. Acute anterior uveitis and Klebsiella aerogenes: a casual relationship?

    OpenAIRE

    Willshaw, H E

    1981-01-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate the hypothesis that episodes of anterior uveitis in patients with the HLA B27 antigen are triggered by the presence of Klebsiella aerogenes in the gastrointestinal tract. Forty patients were examined. While the recovery of klebsiella was greater in B27 positive patients with uveitis, the differences failed to reach statistical significance. The clinical state of patients with Klebsiella aerogenes in their faeces did not differ from that in whom klebsie...

  14. Cognitive training with casual video games: Points to consider

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline L Baniqued; Kranz, Michael B.; Voss, Michelle W.; Hyunkyu eLee; Cosman, Joshua D.; Joan eSeverson; Arthur F Kramer

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicate interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to ...

  15. Cognitive training with casual video games: points to consider

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline L Baniqued; Kranz, Michael B.; Voss, Michelle W.; Lee, Hyunkyu; Cosman, Joshua D.; Severson, Joan; Arthur F Kramer

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicates interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to...

  16. Leonardo Da Vinci, the genius and the monsters. Casual encounters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciseri, Lorenzo Montemagno

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses Leonardo's interest in monsters and deformed reality, one of the lesser known aspects of his vast and multifaceted output. With the possible exception of his studies of physiognomy, relevant drawings, sketches and short stories represent a marginal aspect of his work, but they are nevertheless significant for historians of teratology. The purpose of this study is to provide a broad overview of the relationship between Leonardo and both the literature on mythological monsters and the reports on monstrous births that he either read about or witnessed personally. While aspects of his appreciation and attention to beauty and the pursuit of perfection and good proportions are the elements most emphasised in Leonardo's work, other no less interesting aspects related to deformity have been considered of marginal importance. My analysis will demonstrate that Leonardo approached the realm of monstrosity as if he considered abnormality a mirror of normality, deformity a mirror of harmony, and disease a mirror of health, as if to emphasise that, ultimately, it is the monster that gives the world the gift of normality. Two special cases of monstrosity are analysed: the famous monster of Ravenna, whose image was found among his papers, and a very rare case of parasitic conjoined twins (thoracopagus parasiticus) portrayed for the first time alive, probably in Florence, by Leonardo himself. PMID:25702382

  17. The care of radiation casualities. 6. rev. ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual describes in detail all routine procedures taken by the Occupational Health Service of the Health Protection Department of ECN in case of a personal contamination with radioactive materials and/or overexposure with ionising radiation. The appendices contain information concerning limits of intake and all forms and registration-charts used in these procedures. (orig.)

  18. Strategic Choice and Financial Structure in Casual Themed Restaurants

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Joung-Eun

    2008-01-01

    Capital structure is one of the most frequent topics in the finance literature. This literature has its origins in studies of the manufacturing industry. Much of the results of this work have been applied indiscriminately to other industries without thorough validation. Only limited studies have considered financial structure in hospitality industry. The service industry is different than manufacturing industry, and even the hospitality industry is not homogeneous. The restaurant indu...

  19. Periodontitis and Insulin Resistance: Casual or Causal Relationship?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit N. Gurav

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Insulin resistance (IR is now considered as a chronic and low level inflammatory condition. It is closely related to altered glucose tolerance, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, and coronary heart disease. IR is accompanied by the increase in the levels of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin-1 and 6, tumor necrosis factor-α. These inflammatory cytokines also play a crucial part in pathogenesis and progression of insulin resistance. Periodontitis is the commonest of oral diseases, affecting tooth investing tissues. Pro-inflammatory cytokines are released in the disease process of periodontitis. Periodontitis can be attributed with exacerbation of IR. Data in the literature supports a "two way relationship" between diabetes and periodontitis. Periodontitis is asymptomatic in the initial stages of disease process and it often escapes diagnosis. This review presents the blurred nexus between periodontitis and IR, underlining the pathophysiology of the insidious link. The knowledge of the association between periodontitis and IR can be valuable in planning effectual treatment modalities for subjects with altered glucose homeostasis and diabetics. Presently, the studies supporting this association are miniscule. Further studies are mandatory to substantiate the role of periodontitis in the deterioration of IR.

  20. Erosive osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis and pseudogout; a casual association?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoxha, Ariela; Ruffatti, Amelia; Alberioli, Enrico; Lorenzin, Mariagrazia; Oliviero, Francesca; Mattia, Elena; Punzi, Leonardo; Ramonda, Roberta

    2016-07-01

    According to recent hypothesis, the inflammation has a pivotal role in the onset and progression of erosive hand osteoarthritis (EHOA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and chondrocalcinosis (CC)/pseudogout. Albeit, it has been recognised for years as an association between EHOA and radiographic evidence of CC, but there are few reports of coexistence of microcrystalline arthritis and PsA. This is the first report that described a clinical experience concerning two consecutive cases of patients presented with EHOA, PsA and pseudogout. Two Caucasian women of 71 and 85 years old with a history of OA and mild psoriasis are presented with tenderness and swelling of first interphalangeal (IP) and wrist joint, respectively. Arthrocentesis performed at the first IP and wrist joint, respectively, showed an inflammatory synovial fluid with presence of calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals. X-rays of hands, feet and knees showed characteristic features of EHOA, PsA and CC. Furthermore, HLA typing evinces the presence of HLA C*06; DRB*01 07 and HLA C*07; DRB*01 *11 alleles, respectively, predisposing factors of these inflammatory diseases. The relationship between these aggressive rheumatic diseases along with their clinical, radiographic, laboratory and genetic features is discussed. PMID:25833145

  1. The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases among casual dock workers Prevalecía de enfermedades musculoesqueléticos entre trabajadores portuarios apulsos Prevalência de doenças musculoesqueléticas entre trabalhadores portuários avulsos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study identified the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among casual dockworkers. This is a retrospective and quantitative study, the data sources of which included the medical files of dockworkers from 2000 to 2009. Data were collected in a medical service for dockworkers using a previously developed form; descriptive quantitative analysis was performed. Ethical aspects were complied with. A total of 15.8% of the diagnoses identified among male workers referred to musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals older than 52 years of age and with more than 21 years working in the field predominated. The most frequent musculoskeletal diseases included low back pain (38.8%, tendinitis (19.7%, and neck pain (12.5%. These diseases can be prevented through health interventions, confirming the importance of developing clinical support in nursing in order to improve the quality of life of dockworkers.Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalecía de enfermedades osteomusculares relacionadas al trabajo entre trabajadores portuarios sin registro. Estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo. La fuente de datos las tablas de atención medica de los trabajadores portuarios sin registro en el período de 2000 a 2009. La colecta de datos fue realizada en un Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo Portuario a partir de un formulario predeterminado. Se procedió en el análisis cuantitativo descriptivo de los datos. Los aspectos éticos fueran respetados. Se identificó 15,8% diagnósticos de enfermedades osteomusculares, entre trabajadores del sexo masculino. Predominaran individuos con más de 52 años de edad y con tiempo de actuación laboral superior a 21 años. Las principales enfermedades fueran de lumbalgia (38,8%, tendinitis (19,7% y cervicalgía (12,5%. Las enfermedades osteomusculares mas prevalentes fueran las lumbalgías, tendinitis y cervicalgías, las cuales pueden prevenirse por medio de acciones interventoras y evaluativas en salud

  2. Casual Salud: Interrupción Legal del Embarazo, Ética y Derechos Humanos

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    La causal salud es uno de los supuestos de permisión legal para la interrupción del embarazo consagrados en la mayoría de los países de América Latina y el Caribe. Esta causal se refiere a la posibilidad de la interrupción del embarazo cuando éste pone en riesgo la salud de la mujer. Sin embargo, su aplicación práctica ha estado acompañada de un conjunto de obstáculos que ha provocado que muchas mujeres no accedan a servicios seguros y oportunos de interrupción del embarazo, pese a que estos ...

  3. Condom Use With a Casual Partner: What Distinguishes College Students' Use When Intoxicated?

    OpenAIRE

    Abbey, Antonia; Parkhill, Michele R.; BUCK, PHILIP O.; SAENZ, CHRISTOPHER

    2007-01-01

    Determining alcohol's precise role in sexual risk taking has proven to be an elusive goal. Past research has produced mixed results, depending on characteristics of individuals, their partners, and the situation, as well as how the link between alcohol consumption and sexual behavior was assessed. In this study, cross-sectional predictors of the frequency of condom use were examined for 298 heterosexual college students at a large urban university. In hierarchical multiple regression analyses...

  4. Eosinophilic pleural effusion and giardiasis: A causal or a casual relationship?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urvinderpal Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion with coincidental intestinal infestation of giardia lamblia is being reported. After reviewing the possible causes of this type of pleural effusion, no clinical or laboratory data were obtained which could explain this condition except giardiasis. Moreover the clearance of pleural effusion with the treatment of giardia with metronidazole suggests giardia as the probable cause of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion.

  5. Social spaces, casual interactions, meaningful exchanges: 'information ground' characteristics based on the college student experience.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.E. Fisher

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In the late 1990s Fisher (writing as Pettigrew proposed information grounds to describe social settings in which people share everyday information while attending to a focal activity. Method. This study was conducted at a major research university, home to 45,000 students. Data were collected by seventy-two Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS students as part of an information behaviour class. Trained in interviewing techniques, each MLIS student interviewed ten students in public places, including the campus and the university commercial district. The survey, comprising twenty-seven primarily open-ended questions, was conducted from October 14-21, 2004. Data were collected from 729 college students and entered, along with extensive field notes, into an in-house Web form. Analysis. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were supplemented by mini-reports prepared by the student researchers along with full-team debriefings. Results. Using a 'people, place, information-related trichotomy', characteristics are discussed in terms of how they can be manipulated to optimize information flow in social settings. Conclusion. . By understanding better the characteristics of information grounds and the interactions among these characteristics, we may be able to develop social spaces in support of information flow and human interaction. Our college student and other studies suggest that information grounds play an intrinsic role in facilitating communication among people and that by building an in-depth typology, beginning with basic categorical characteristics, we may develop new methods for facilitating information exchange.

  6. Professional Development of Part-Time or Casual Academic Staff in Universities: A Model for Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watters, James J.; Weeks, Patricia

    This paper reports on a study of part-time faculty at Queensland University of Technology (Australia) which examined concerns and issues facing part-time academic staff, and led to a collaborative and dialectic process for implementing faculty-led changes. The first phase of the project involved: (1)data collection on about 800 individuals,…

  7. Perceived consequences of casual online sexual activities on heterosexual relationships: a u.s. Online survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grov, Christian; Gillespie, Brian Joseph; Royce, Tracy; Lever, Janet

    2011-04-01

    Some researchers have illustrated how the Internet can provide users with an ideal atmosphere to explore sexuality; however, most have stressed the Internet's negative impact on intimate relationships. Notably, much of this research has focused on the small minority of men who compulsively engage in online sexual activities (OSA), overlooking the majority of men and women who use OSA recreationally (either individually or with a partner). Addressing these limitations, data on heterosexual adults in committed relationships were taken from the 2004 "ELLE/msnbc.com Cyber-sex and Romance Survey" (n = 8,376). In quantitative analyses, men were less likely than women to express concerns and more likely to hold favorable attitudes about their partner's OSA. With regard to the impact of OSA on intimate relationships, men and women did not differ in becoming "more open to new things," and finding it easier "to talk about what [they] want sexually." Negative impacts were also identified, with women more likely to indicate they had less sex as a result of a partner's OSA, and men more likely to indicate they were less aroused by real sex as a result of their own OSA. Generally, qualitative results mirrored quantitative ones. Additionally, qualitative data suggested that moderate or light amounts of OSA yield relationship benefits for both female and male users, including increases in the quality and frequency of sex, and increased intimacy with real partners. In addition, men who used the Internet moderately, and men and women who reported being light users, stated that engaging in tandem OSA fostered better sexual communication with partners. Findings underscore the need to explore further the impact that online sexual activities can have on real-life committed relationships. PMID:20174862

  8. Eosinophilic pleural effusion and giardiasis: A causal or a casual relationship?

    OpenAIRE

    Urvinderpal Singh; Nishi Garg; Vishal Chopra

    2013-01-01

    A case of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion with coincidental intestinal infestation of giardia lamblia is being reported. After reviewing the possible causes of this type of pleural effusion, no clinical or laboratory data were obtained which could explain this condition except giardiasis. Moreover the clearance of pleural effusion with the treatment of giardia with metronidazole suggests giardia as the probable cause of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion.

  9. School Culture, Basic Psychological Needs, Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Achievement: Testing a Casual Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Badri

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Culture is s common system of believes, values and artifacts that the members of a society use it in their relations, and it transfers from one generation to another. The school culture is a system of norms, meanings and values between school members. One of STD (self-determination theory components is basic psychological needs that emphasizes on Relatedness, Competence and Autonomy to accomplish the motivation. Motivation involves the processes that energize, direct, and sustain behavior. It seems that school culture, basic psychological needs and motivation has immense effect on academic achievement. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relation between students' perceived school culture, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation and academic achievement in a causal model. 296 high school students (159 females and 137 males in Tabriz, north - west of Iran, participated in this research and completed the students' perceived school culture questionnaire based on Hofstede's cultural dimensions (femininity, uncertainty avoidance, collectivism and power distance, basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. The results of the path analysis showed that fulfillment of basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation has positive effect on academic achievement. Uncertainty avoidance and power distance have also negative effect on fulfillment of psychological needs, but the influence of femininity on this variable was positive. Also, collectivism has no significant effect on it. In general, the findings showed that if school culture supports students' autonomy, they will experience fulfillment of their basic psychological needs, and attain higher intrinsic motivation and academic achievement.

  10. Between casual commitment and cross-media articulation – the faith of the Napkin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Petersen, Anja Bechmann

    2010-01-01

    placed literally in the middle of this location. We carried out an empirical study of cooperation and planning at the media company (1; 5). The company used a production planning system in place, called the Napkin. The Napkin was not used very much, it was heavily criticized by reporters and it was at...

  11. APPLICATION OF THE CASUAL MARKOV FIELDS METHOD FOR RECOGNITION OF IMAGES TEXTURES IN THE METALGRAPHIC ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MERKULOVA E. V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Statement of a problem. Ferrous metals are the main material which use in various industries: in mechanical engineering, aircraft industry and shipbuilding, for production of a metalwork for industrial and housing construction, transport communications and equipment. Steel works of Ukraine provide the production not only to the countries of the former UIS, but also abroad. Thus production has to be qualitative not to lose clients and to keep the competitiveness in the world market. Therefore the problem of receiving a complex of properties of this or that metal becomes even more actual as allows to find equivalent domestic substitute to foreign brands of steel both on structure, and on properties. One of the most important aspects of the solution of this task is quality control of products. Creation of the automated system of the metallographic analysis of cuts of alloys on the basis of processing of their images is an actual task.

  12. Establishing the store attributes that black consumers consider when buying casual wear / Belinda Cooper

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Belinda

    2010-01-01

    South Africa has a diverse population with almost 80% being black. It is therefore necessary that retailers understand this population group as the black population is responsible for the majority of consumer purchasing power in South Africa. To understand this population group and how they make purchasing decisions, it is necessary for retailers to gain a better understanding of the consumer decision-making process and retailing as well as the store attributes they consider important when ma...

  13. Casual dating online: sexual norms and practices on French heterosexual dating sites

    OpenAIRE

    Bergström, Marie

    2011-01-01

    "Während über das Internet vermittelte gelegentliche Treffen zwischen homosexuellen Männern bereits ein etablierter Forschungsgegenstand in den Sozialwissenschaften sind, ist die Forschung zu heterosexuellem Online-Dating größtenteils auf die Suche nach romantischen Langzeitbeziehungen fokussiert. Der vorliegende Artikel will damit beginnen, diese Forschungslücke zu füllen, indem er den möglichen neuen sexuellen Bereich untersucht, der durch heterosexuelle Online-Dating-Plattformen entsteht. ...

  14. Emotional Labour and the Permanent Casual Lecturer: Ideas for a Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Steven

    2004-01-01

    Like most other parts of the Australian public sector, Australian universities have been required to do more with less over the past decade. A key strategy in reducing costs has been the increased casualisation of teaching. This paper uses a hard/soft model of Human Resource Management as a framework within which to argue that increased…

  15. Social spaces, casual interactions, meaningful exchanges: 'information ground' characteristics based on the college student experience.

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, K E; LANDRY, C. F.; Naumer, C

    2007-01-01

    Introduction. In the late 1990s Fisher (writing as Pettigrew) proposed information grounds to describe social settings in which people share everyday information while attending to a focal activity. Method. This study was conducted at a major research university, home to 45,000 students. Data were collected by seventy-two Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) students as part of an information behaviour class. Trained in interviewing techniques, each MLIS student interviewed ten ...

  16. Quantum Computing: Selected Internet Resources for Librarians, Researchers, and the Casually Curious

    OpenAIRE

    Cirasella, Jill

    2009-01-01

    This article is an annotated selection of the most important and informative Internet resources for learning about quantum computing, finding quantum computing literature, and tracking quantum computing news.

  17. Baixo peso ao nascer e obesidade: associação causal ou casual?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Monteiro Ribeiro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoObjetivo:Apresentar as bases conceituais que explicam como eventos na vida intrauterina podem influenciar o desenvolvimento corporal e enfatizar a interrelação entre baixo peso ao nascer e risco de obesidade ao longo da vida.Fontes de dados:Google Scholar, Scientific Electronic Libraty Online (SciELO, EBSCO, Scopus e PubMed foram as bases de dados. “Catch-up growth”, “lifecourse health”, “disease”, “child”, “development”, “early life”, “perinatal programming”, “epigenetics”, “breastfeeding”, “small baby syndrome”, “phenotype”, “micronutrients”, “maternal nutrition”, “obesity” e “adolescence” foram descritores isolados ou associados para localizar revisões, estudos epidemiológicos, de intervenção ou experimentais publicados entre 1934 e 2014, com textos integrais, em português e inglês. Excluíram-se duplicidades, editoriais, resenhas e abordagens de doença diferente da obesidade.Síntese dos dados:Nos 47 artigos selecionados dentre 538 elegíveis, identificaram-se as hipóteses do fenótipo poupador, dos mecanismos epigenéticos e da plasticidade do desenvolvimento como fundamentais para explicar mecanismos envolvidos na saúde e nas doenças durante a vida. Elas admitem a possibilidade de eventos cardiometabólicos e obesidade terem origem em deficiência intraútero de nutrientes que, associados a suprimento alimentar excessivo às necessidades metabólicas nas fases precoces da vida, provoca alterações endócrinas. Todavia pode haver reprogramação fenotípica que supere ambiente restritivo intrauterino para nascidos com baixo peso a partir de oferta nutricional adequada. Assim, o catch-up growth indicaria recuperação da restrição intrauterina e se associaria a benefícios em curto prazo ou prejuízos no adulto.Conclusões:Na dependência de adequação nutricional nos primeiros anos de vida, a plasticidade do desenvolvimento pode levar à reprogramação fenotípica e reduzir o risco de obesidade.

  18. Use of casual tree method for investigation of incidents and accidents involving radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are many methodologies used for investigation of accidents to facilitate the search of the factors that cause these events in different areas of industry. These can be called proactive methods, if they are used before the occurrence of the events, or reactive methods that are applied after the occurrence of the incident or accident, and are used as a basis of information to prevent further events. One of these methods is the Causal Tree Method (CTM). The basic idea of this technique is that incidents and accidents result from variations in usual processes. These variations can be related to the individual, the task, the material or the environment. The tree starts with the end event (incident or accident) and works backwards. The facts relating to the end event are used in the construction of the causal tree. The end event is the starting point and only the facts that contributed to the incident or accident should be selected. The analyst has to identify and list the variations and then display them in the analytic tree, showing causal relations. The objective of this paper is to test the application of the CTM method in investigation of incidents and accidents involving radioactive materials, in order to evaluate its efficiency on finding the typical factors causing these events. (author)

  19. Quantum Computing: Selected Internet Resources for Librarians, Researchers, and the Casually Curious

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirasella, Jill

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an annotated selection of the most important and informative Internet resources for learning about quantum computing, finding quantum computing literature, and tracking quantum computing news. All of the quantum computing resources described in this article are freely available, English-language web sites that fall into one…

  20. Hepatitis A outbreak among MSM linked to casual sex and gay saunas in Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazick, A; Howitz, Michael Frantz; Rex, S;

    2005-01-01

    During an outbreak of hepatitis A predominantly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2004, we did a case-control study to determine risk factors for infection. A case was an MSM >17 years, living in Copenhagen, with IgM positive hepatitis A infection diagnosed between ...

  1. Phomopsis longicolla Hobbs CASUAL AGENT OF SOYBEAN SEED DECAY IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Duvnjak

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Soybean (Glycine max (L. Merrill, is one of the oldest and most important cultural plants in the world. On our territory, soybean was sawn in continuity until 1970, but since the end of 80-s of the last century it could be considered as a significant production (about 20 000 ha. In 2003 48 000 ha of soybean, with average grain yield 2 708 kg/ha, that almost meet domestic needs for this crop were sown in The Republic of Croatia. One of the basic problems which occurs with increasing of acreages and more intensive soybean production is a disease problem. First of all diseases were caused by phytopathogen funguses, causing about 80% of all soybean disease, and rest of 20% were caused by bacteria and viruses. In soybean breeding program at theAgricultural Institute Osijek, besides production aiming at high and stabile yielded cultivars with high grain quality, special importance is given to satisfactory resistance and tolerance of significant fungal diseases in our growing conditions. There are some diseases which almost regularly appear on soybean in our agroecological conditions. First to mention is downy mildew (Peronospora manshurica (Naum. Syd. ex Gaum. and diseases caused by fungus from Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex. Phomopsis longicolla Hobbs, (teleomorf unknown. Above mentioned is different among other varieties, for its his cultural characteristic, morphology and place of infection (primary causing seed decay, and one of the most dangerous seed pathogens in main areas of soybean production in the world. Considering that fungus was discovered in our neighbouring countries there is suspicion of its presence in Croatia, danger of becoming a significant pathogen of this important industrial plant stands as a danger for our country as well.The aim of investigation was to establish presence of fungus by seed examination on several locations from a large-scale production and three year (2000–2002 studying of morphological characteristics of the pathogen, determine pathogen by culture morphological characteristics and by PCR-RFLP method, establish differences in isolate pathogenicy by artificial seed infections in the laboratory, establish differences in soybean genotype reaction on pathogen by examining seed of some soybean cultivars (promising lines from Osijek experimental field in four years (1999-2002,set a field trial of some genotypes on Osijek location and to carry out an artificial infection with the most aggressive isolate.Fungus isolation was accomplished from soybean seed with symptoms corresponding to the one caused by Phomopsis longicolla Hobbs, and separated from samples being collected during three years (2000-2002 from large-scale production on the locations as follows: Nova Gradiška, Magadenovac, Valpovo, Širine, Đakovo, Bilje, Klisa, Bobota, Ovčara, Novi Berak, Tovarnik, Kneževo, Gorjani, Kutjevo, Valpovo. Method described by Hobbs et al., (1985 was used for the investigation of pathogen morphological characteristics.Determination of pathogen was carried out by a biomolecular method PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction – Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, used to confirm a belonging of selected isolates to species P. longicolla Hobbs. By Cenis (1992 modified method of extraction DNA pathogen was extracted and then amplified, and finally isolate belongings were determined with restriction enzymes. Method described by Zhang et al., (1998 and Riccioni et al., (1998, 2003 was used.Investigation of an isolate pathogenicy was carried out by soybean seed inoculation in wet chamber and pots. After establishing most of the pathogen among selected isolates in early conducted trials, those with artificial seed infection were repeated (in wet chamber and pots, but this time using the most pathogen isolate and several newly created soybean genotypes (promising lines.Seed samples of five genotypes 2002 from Institutes’ experimental field created in The Agricultural Institute Osijek in the period 1999 were analyzed for presence of P. longicolla.Field trial was conducted with five soybean genotypes, 0-I maturity group in four replications on the Osijek location. Control of each genotype was sown for each replication, so total number of pots in trial was 40 (5 x 2 x 4. Trial was set as a strip-plot design, and lots were inoculated by spraying with conidial suspension in R6– R7Statistical data processing was carried out by computer software Statistical Analysis System Version 8.2 (SAS Institute with analysis of variance (ANOVA and LSD (Least Significant Difference test.stage of development (Fehr et al., 1971.4Morphological characteristics of isolates investigated in this work correspond to characteristics of P. longicolla described by Hobbs et al., (1985. and show that this pathogen is present on soybean in Croatia. All our isolates were analyzed by mentioned methods of extraction, amplification and rDNA digestion, and according to this, all of them belong to fungus Phomopsis longicolla Hobbs.Comparing all indicators from wet chamber trial, it could be seen that artificial infection with isolate Pl 027 have had the strongest influence on the number of rotten seed, on decreasing number of germinated seeds, significantly influenced on germ length, and among all isolates have had the strongest influence on germ necrosis. For all these reasons, isolate Pl 027 was selected as the most pathogen for investigation differences in genotype tolerance/resistance in artificial infection conditions. Since the isolate Pl 027 had been shown as one of the most pathogen in pot trials (together with Pl 041, the same one was used for inoculation of different soybean genotypes in order to determine possible differences in tolerance/resistance of pathogen P. longicolla.Among genotypes being artificially infected with fungus P. longicolla in wet chamber, no one is totally resistant, although there are significant differences in susceptibility level. Results should be checked in the field due to great impact of environmental factors on pathogen as well as on each genotype. In pot trial, observing inoculated treatment, genotype OS-8 (2,75 plants per replication during all trials was the most susceptible in comparison with other investigated genotypes, while genotype OS-139 had significantly higher number of survived plants (7,50 per replication. Control has shown, however, that all genotypes had satisfactory germination and there were no significant differences among them.In first three years (1999-2001 in natural infection, no investigated soybean genotypes weren’t established infection caused by Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex fungus. In 2002 presence of pathogens from this complex were recorded for all genotypes. Infection varied from 6% for genotype OS-101, 13% (OS-109, 15% for genotypes OS-8 and OS-49 to 16% for genotype OS-139. D. phaseolorum var. caulivora was the most isolated pathogen of Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex from soybean seed and made 60 % of all findings. Share of fungus D. phaseolorum var. sojae was 21,54% and for fungus P. longicolla was 18,46% infected seeds. In soybean seed preparation for sowing it is not obliged to carry out specific analysis like discovered pathogens from Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex on seed. Therefore, based on our findings and data from literature we think that more attention should be paid on this issue in breeding programs as well as in seed production.High percentage of soybean seeds diseased with pathogen from Diaporthe/Phomopsis Complex was established on inoculated and control plots of field trials, although artificial infection was carried out only with P. longicolla. Obviously infective material of all pathogens was present, and environmental conditions were suitable for pathogen development. In spite of artificial infection P. longicolla, wasn’t established on inoculated genotypes OS-8 and OS 139. Completely identical results for these genotypes were also obtained on the control plots. Successful, or unsuccessful artificial inoculation, could be explained above all with suitable environmental factors for pathogen development. Diaporthe phaseolorum variety caulivora is significantly more pathogen than other fungus of this complex. Prevalence of one pathogen in favorable environmental conditions and presence of suitable host is very complex. It is possible that this is competitive relationship among related or biologically distant species. Also, it is possible that “so called” induced resistance is present, which means that the host after infection with one pathogen couldn’t be infected later with other related. These are questions waiting for answers in some other investigations

  2. Identification of Economic Value Drivers Impacting Operational Cash Flows in the Casual Theme Restaurant Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Yea Sun

    2005-01-01

    The importance of environmental analysis in the strategic management process and the effects of economic value drivers on firm or industry performance have been discussed conceptually and empirically by researchers in corporate failure, and in the areas of finance, accounting, strategic management, and the hospitality industry in the past. The belief is that the more systematic and frequent the scanning performed by managers the higher the chances of improving the firmâ s or industryâ s per...

  3. Faces from the web: automatic selection and composition of media for casual screen consumption and printed artwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheatle, Phil; Greig, Darryl; Slatter, David

    2010-02-01

    Web image search engines facilitate the production of image sets in which faces appear. Many people enjoy producing and sharing media collections of this type and generating new images or video experiences. Skilled practitioners produce visually appealing artifacts from such collections but few users have the time or creative ability to do so. The problem is to automatically create an image or ambient experience which sustains interest. A full solution requires agreements with copyright holders and input from graphics designers. We address the underlying technical problems of extraction and composition. We describe an automatic system that identifies regions containing human faces in each image of an image set resulting from a web search. The face regions are composed into dynamically synthesized multilayer graphical backgrounds. The aesthetic aspects of the composition are controlled by active templates. These aspects include face size and positioning but also face identity and number of faces in a group. The output structure is multi layer supporting both the generation of static images and video consisting of transitions between the compositions.

  4. Strategy definition of a new business opportunity in mobile-casual gaming: Partnership between Nmusic and Rovio Entertainment Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Ana Claúdia Moreira

    2014-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics The music and mobile gaming industries are fast growing industries, where innovation plays a key role. These industries are driven by technology innovation and grew with the increase of the consumption of mobile devices. Taking advantage from this fact, Nmusic1 with a partnership with Rovio Entertainment2 decided to offer the global ma...

  5. Retrograde amnesia produced by electron beam exposure: casual parameters and duration of memory loss. Final report for November 84

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wheeler, T.G.; Hardy, K.A.

    1985-01-01

    The production of retrograde amnesia (RA) upon electron-beam exposure was investigated. RA production was evaluated using a single-trial avoidance task for 10, 1, and 0.1 microsecond pulsed exposures. The dose-response curve obtained at each pulse duration showed significant RA production. The most effective dose range was 0.1-10 rad at a dose rate of 1,000,000 rad/sec. By employing a 10 rad (1,000,000 rad/s) pulse, a memory loss of the events occurring in the previous 4 sec was demonstrated. The conclusion was that the RA effect might be due to sensory system activation which provided a novel stimulus that masked previous stimuli.

  6. Portuguese Man-of-War (Physalia physalis) in the Mediterranean: A permanent invasion or a casual appearance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, L.; Macías, D.; Peliz, A.; Ruiz, J.

    2015-06-01

    In 2010, the Mediterranean basin experienced Portuguese Man-of-War (Physalia physalis) swarms that had dramatic consequences, including the region’s first recorded human fatality attributed to a jellyfish sting. Despite the impact of jellyfish on coastal economic activity and the importance of the tourism industry for the Mediterranean region (accounting for 15% of global tourism), no scientific consensus has been achieved regarding the causes of this episode. Here, we analyse the meteorological and oceanographic conditions of the North-East Atlantic Ocean during the months previous to the appearance of P. physalis in the Mediterranean. We simulate the probable drift of Atlantic populations into the Mediterranean basin with a numerical model and compare model results with available observations. We conclude that the summer 2010 P. Physalis swarm was the result of an unusual combination of meteorological and oceanographic conditions during the previous winter and not a permanent invasion favoured by climatic changes.

  7. Self-Esteem in HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Gay and Bisexual Men: Implications for Risk-Taking Behaviors with Casual Sex Partners

    OpenAIRE

    Moskowitz, David A.; Seal, David W.

    2011-01-01

    Research suggests that self-esteem in gay and bisexual men may be linked with sexual risk-taking behaviors. As part of a larger investigation into the sexual practices of gay and bisexual men, we assessed serostatus, self-esteem, condom use, and HIV disclosure to sexual partners. Among HIV-negative men, no relationships were found between their self-esteem and tendency to discuss their and their partners’ HIV status. However, among HIV-positive men, there was a positive relationship between s...

  8. Between the Prohibition and Indulgence: Casual Religious Culture of the Orthodox Population Russian north in the Second Half of the XIX – early XX century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel V. Fedorov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In article proposes a new approach to the study of everyday religious culture of the Orthodox population. On the basis of the reconstruction of the demographic data on the primary sources for the Register of 1863-1917 of province Cola, revealed the degree of compliance with the orthodox traditions: on the naming, marriage and sexual abstinence during the Great and Advent, the birth of children outside marriage, of re-marriage. The author comes to the conclusion that social modernization has little effect on the religious culture of the local population of the Russian North. The revolution of 1917 brought in a small town outside of atheism as an extraneous ideology.

  9. Association between 'safer sex fatigue' and rectal gonorrhea is mediated by unsafe sex with casual partners among HIV-positive homosexual men.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolte, Ineke G; Wit, John B F de; Kolader, Marion-Eliëtte; Fennema, Johan S A; Coutinho, Roel A; Dukers, Nicole H T M

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether and what sexual risk behavior is a mediator of associations between rectal gonorrhea (RG) and highly active antiretroviral therapy-related beliefs, safer sex fatigue, or sexual sensation-seeking among homosexual men. STUDY DESIGN: Thi

  10. Association between 'safer sex fatigue' and rectal gonorrhea is mediated by unsafe sex with casual partners among HIV-positive homosexual men

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.G. Stolte; J.B.F. de Wit; M. Kolader; H. Fennema; R.A. Coutinho; N.H.T.M. Dukers

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether and what sexual risk behavior is a mediator of associations between rectal gonorrhea (RG) and highly active antiretroviral therapy-related beliefs, safer sex fatigue, or sexual sensation-seeking among homosexual men. Study Design: Thi

  11. Discussion on the Application of Graffiti Art of Casual Shoes Design%浅谈涂鸦艺术在休闲鞋设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘虹秀; 刘作东; 张春斌

    2010-01-01

    @@ 对于如今的年轻一代,不再过多的墨守父辈的正统保守,他们更多的主张"非主流",即张扬个性、另类、非大众化,不盲从大众的潮流. 涂鸦艺术作为一种时尚的街头文化,很大程度上满足了年轻人的这种想法,所以其从产生以来一直受到他们的追捧.涂鸦休闲鞋作为其中的一个分支,也在年轻人中得以流行.

  12. L’educazione finanziaria come una nuova dimensione del capitale umano: evidenze empiriche da un esperimento casuale e sul nesso tra crisi economica e alfabetizzazione finanziaria

    OpenAIRE

    FORTE, GIOVANNI ANTONIO

    2014-01-01

    The financial and economic crisis has increased the attention of academicians and policymakers on the importance of economic and financial literacy. This paper provides a synthesis of a PhD dissertation on topics related to financial education as a specific field of the more general issue of human capital and socioeconomic wellbeing. The first and second part of the dissertation present and discuss results from a randomized experiment on financial education run on secondary-school classes ...

  13. The extent to which heavy goods vehicle driver training is focused on reducing the casual factors of driver stress and fatigue

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, S.; Leach, David Z.

    2013-01-01

    United Kingdom (UK) government and European Commission (EC) statistics identify driver stress and fatigue as a major cause of road accidents, with research showing that driver fatigue is a significant factor in approximately 20% of accidents involving heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). Over the last 25 years, HGV drivers have benefitted from increased investment in training programmes, with a considerable widening of the scope of training and greater emphasis placed on legal compliance and cost ...

  14. The importance of, and satisfaction with, store attributes when buying casual wear : a study among black Generation X consumers / M. Beukes.

    OpenAIRE

    Beukes, Martie

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid growth and competitiveness in the South African apparel retail industry, retailers and marketers face numerous challenges to remain competitive. Contributing to the dynamic nature of this phenomenon is the impulsive nature and individual preferences of consumers when buying apparel, which necessitate retailers to be more responsive towards consumer needs and preferences in order to attract potential, and retain existing, customers. This can be done by formulating...

  15. 26 CFR 15a.453-1 - Installment method reporting for sales of real property and casual sales of personal property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... receipt of certain property with respect to which gain is not recognized, see paragraph (f) of this... sale. Example (4). E sells Blackacre, an unencumbered capital gain property in E's hands, to F on... obligation represents, under applicable principles of tax law, a retained interest in the property which...

  16. Towards a conceptualization of casual protest participation: Parsing a case from the Save Roşia Montană campaign

    OpenAIRE

    Mercea, D.

    2014-01-01

    There is currently an empirical gap in the literature on protest participation in liberal democracies which has overwhelmingly focused on Western Europe and North America at the expense of Eastern Europe. To contribute to closing that gap, this article reviews findings from a multi-method field study conducted at FânFest, the environmental protest festival designed to boost participation in Save Roşia Montană, the most prominent environmental campaign in Romania. By contrast to its Western co...

  17. Esclerose lateral amiotrófica e herpes vírus. Relato de um caso curioso: uma associação casual ou causal? Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and herpes virus. A curious case report: a cause or casual association?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOÃO ELIEZER FERRI-DE-BARROS

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar o relato de um caso curioso de esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA. CASO: Homem de 47 anos que apresentava déficit de força nos membros superiores evoluindo há 4 anos. A eletroneuromiografia era compatível a ELA, forma de Vulpian-Bernardt. O estudo do líquido cefalorraqueano (LCR mostrava processo inflamatório e positividade das reações para Herpes vírus I e II. O estudo do LCR, do soro sanguíneo e da barreira hemato-encefálica sugeria imunoprodução local para Herpes vírus tipo I. A ressonância nuclear magnética sugeria mielopatia cística ou seringomielia em medula cervical estendendo-se nos espaços C2 a C4. O paciente foi tratado com aciclovir endovenoso por 21 dias. Até dois meses após, o paciente não foi submetido a novos exames subsidiários para controle. DISCUSSÃO: Até o momento atual, a doença ELA não tem tratamento medicamentoso específico. A noção da existência de "síndrome esclerose lateral amiotrófica" associada a etiologias diversas pode contribuir para o tratamento de alguns doentes.OBJECTIVE: To present a curious case of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS. CASE: A forty-seven year old man claimed of paresis in the arms since four years. The electrical study of the muscles and nerves diagnosis was ALS, type Vulpian-Bernardt. The cerebrospinal fluid study revealed an inflammatory process and the positivity of immulogical reactions for Herpes simplex I. The blood-brain barrier study showed the possibility that immulogical response for Herpes simplex I was produced in the spinal fluid space. A magnetic resonance suggested cystic myelopathy of cervical spinal cord expanding from C2 to C4. The patient received endovenous acyclovir for 21 days. Until two months after the medication we did not submit the patient to other subsidiary examinations. DISCUSSION: Until now there is no specific drug treatment for ALS. The notion that there is a "syndrome of ALS" related with various causes may help to treat some patients.

  18. Food & Recreation Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Chungyo’sFashion,CasualSportsHallAttheundergroundChungyo’sFashion,CasualSportsHallnearXidanShoppingCenter,visitorscanparticipateinthelatestinternationalfadsportsandutilizethemostadvancedequipment.Thehallfeaturesaneye-catchingrunningtrack,healthcenter...

  19. "Half plate of rice to a male casual sexual partner, full plate belongs to the husband": Findings from a qualitative study on sexual behaviour in relation to HIV and AIDS in northern Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mwanga Joseph R

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A thorough understanding of the contexts of sexual behaviour of the people who are vulnerable to HIV infection is an important component in the battle against AIDS epidemic. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate perceptions, attitudes and practices of sexually active people in three districts of northern Tanzania with the view of collecting data to inform the formulation of appropriate complementary interventions against HIV and AIDS in the study communities. Methods We conducted 96 semi-structured interviews and 48 focus group discussions with sexually active participants (18-60 years of age who were selected purposively in two fishing and one non-fishing communities. Results The study revealed a number of socio-economic and cultural factors which act as structural drivers of HIV epidemic. Mobility and migration were mentioned to be associated with the risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. Sexual promiscuous behaviour was common in all study communities. Chomolea, (a quick transactional sex was reported to exist in fishing communities, whereas extramarital sex in the bush was reported in non-fishing community which was predominantly Christian and polygamous. Traditional practices such as Kusomboka (death cleansing through unprotected sex was reported to exist. Other risky sexual behaviour and traditional practices together with their socio-economic and cultural contexts are presented in details and discussed. Knowledge of condom was low as some people mistook them for balloons to play with and as decorations for their living rooms. Acute scarcity of condoms in some remote areas such as vizingani (fishing islands push some people to make their own condoms locally known as kondomu za pepsi using polythene bags. Conclusions HIV prevention efforts can succeed by addressing sexual behaviour and its socio-economic and cultural contexts. More innovative, interdisciplinary and productive structural approaches to HIV prevention need to be developed in close collaboration with affected communities and be closely related to policy-making and implementation; to go beyond the limited success of traditional behavioural and biomedical interventions to particularly address the underlying social and structural drivers of HIV risk and vulnerability in the study communities.

  20. Auditoría interna e información financiera en las entidades de crédito españolas: estructura, contenido, relación casual y contraste empírico

    OpenAIRE

    Gras Gil, Ester

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo responde a la necesidad de profundizar en la débil evidencia empírica sobre el efecto que tiene para las entidades financieras que la función de Auditoría Interna tenga una mayor implicación en el proceso contable y reporte financiero, y aporta, en línea con lo que sugieren estudios previos, una explicación a por qué las entidades deben invertir recursos en la función de Auditoría Interna, y específicamente, en la revisión de la fiabilidad de la información financiera, ya que va ...

  1. Contribution to the analysis of the chronic or casual atmospheric pollution: concept of electronic nose; Contribution a l'analyse de la pollution atmospherique chronique ou accidentelle: concept de nez electronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taright, Y.

    1999-07-01

    The first part of this thesis explains the pollution problem and the data need to define a technical specifications of the optimal measurement. The second chapter analyses the chemical information perception by the use of micro-sensors. Prior measurements realized with such sensors, are analyzed in the third chapter. (A.L.B.)

  2. "Half Plate of Rice to a Male Casual Sexual Partner, Full Plate Belongs to the Husband": Findings from a Qualitative Study on Sexual Behaviour in Relation to HIV and AIDS in Northern Tanzania.

    OpenAIRE

    Mwanga Joseph R; Mshana Gerry; Kaatano Godfrey; Changalucha John

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background A thorough understanding of the contexts of sexual behaviour of the people who are vulnerable to HIV infection is an important component in the battle against AIDS epidemic. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate perceptions, attitudes and practices of sexually active people in three districts of northern Tanzania with the view of collecting data to inform the formulation of appropriate complementary interventions against HIV and AIDS in the study communities. Met...

  3. The Mexican "Illegal Alien" Commute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Phil

    1986-01-01

    A photo report of the following three treks by illegal aliens across the border from Mexico to work in Arizona reveals the dangers and disappointments the migrants are exposed to: (1) a "carpool" from Southern Mexico; (2) a train ride from Sinaloa; and (3) a 40-mile hike through the Arizona desert. (PS)

  4. Media Multitasking among American Youth: Prevalence, Predictors and Pairings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foehr, Ulla G.

    2006-01-01

    In the past, multitasking was a juggling act performed by busy adults, as they tried to manage jobs, chores, carpools, and PTA meetings. But recently, teens and tweens have turned into the real experts at multitasking, as their lives become chock-full of organized activities. For them, multitasking has simply become a way of life: "If I couldn't…

  5. Some Things are Worth Saving...Like Energy. Driver Education Energy Packet, Transparency Masters, and Supplement II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guise, Eric; Puckett, Kathy

    This resource guide and supplement contain class activities and discussion pieces for use in integrating energy education into driver education. Included are such activities as survey-taking, fuel consumption calculations, and extensive examination of transportation alternatives such as bicycling, carpooling, mass transit, and alternative means of…

  6. Development of a community energy conservation program. Volume II. Energy saving techniques for use by local governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-11-26

    This volume contains technical material related to community energy conservation programs, and supplements the organizational material in Volume I. It is in looseleaf format so that sections related to specific topics can be easily copied or transferred to individuals responsible for various sorts of conservation, such as carpooling programs, building improvements, and community outreach. Three technical chapters are included, discussing topics in the areas of: internal city and county operations; community powers and regulations, and outreach programs. In the first, the concern is with what the community can do to reduce energy use in its own operations, an effective first step in promoting comprehensive energy conservation. The second chapter analyzes ways that the police power and fiscal powers of the community can be used for energy conservation, through building codes, zoning, and similar measures. In the final chapter, ways to promote energy conservation in the community are discussed: programs include outreach to households and firms, carpool promotion, waste oil recycling, etc.

  7. Congestive Traffic Failure: The Case for High-Occupancy and Express Toll Lanes in Canadian Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin Dachis

    2011-01-01

    Congestion on Canadian highways is having a significant negative economic impact on major Canadian cities. Rather than face the political challenge of introducing road tolls to discourage traffic, governments have chosen to build carpool lanes on urban highways, despite evidence that these lanes have limited effectiveness in curbing congestion. Policymakers in major Canadian cities need realistic options for reducing the economic cost of congestion and increasing revenue for transportation in...

  8. Distributed design of network codes for wireless multiple unicasts

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sukwon; Effros, Michelle; Ho, Tracey

    2009-01-01

    Previous results on network coding for low-power wireless transmissions of multiple unicasts rely on opportunistic coding or centralized optimization to reduce the power consumption. This paper proposes a distributed strategy for reducing the power consumption in a network coded wireless network with multiple unicasts. We apply a simple network coding strategy called “reverse carpooling,” which uses only XOR and forwarding operations. In this paper, we use the rectangu...

  9. Mobility management concept and examples of its usage in polish conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Katarzyna NOSAL

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays cities are affected by the increasing number of cars. Car traffic leads to considerable problems related with congestion, parking, accidents as well as environmental pollution. Thus a very important issue is change of people’s mobility, behaviours towards more sustainable transport modes: public transport, bikes, walking trips or shared car usage – carpooling and carsharing systems. We can shape the travellers’ attitudes and behaviours using the mobility management concept. Mobility ...

  10. Panorama 2015 - Changes in French behaviour in terms of transport: generational effect and new mobility services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis of the daily mobility of French households reveals some changes in their use of the different modes of transport available to them. While use of the private car is still predominant, the use of other transport modes is changing, depending on the socio-economic characteristics of households and areas of residence. New mobility services such as car-pooling or car sharing now complement the transport facilities available to individuals. (authors)

  11. Morphological and pathological characterisation of Colletotrichum sp. as casual agent of anthracnose in Dioscorea sp. Caracterización morfológica y patogénica de Colletotrichum sp. como agente causal de la antracnosis en ñame Dioscorea sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Beltrán Herrera Javier Darío; Pérez Castro Libia María; Baquero María José

    2003-01-01

    Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Colletotrichum dematium strains were isolated from yam plants in the Sucre depart-ment. Macro- and microscopic descriptions were made, finding that the predominant colour for the colonies was light purple. Sporulation was higher than 58,000 conidia/ml for most colonies. Growth rate lay within a range of 4 to 5mm/day. C. gloeosporioide isolate conidial morphology revealed a cylindrical spore having one rounded end whilst the other was acute shaped. Conidia le...

  12. Morphological and pathological characterisation of Colletotrichum sp. as casual agent of anthracnose in Dioscorea sp. Caracterización morfológica y patogénica de Colletotrichum sp. como agente causal de la antracnosis en ñame Dioscorea sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beltrán Herrera Javier Darío

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Colletotrichum dematium strains were isolated from yam plants in the Sucre depart-ment. Macro- and microscopic descriptions were made, finding that the predominant colour for the colonies was light purple. Sporulation was higher than 58,000 conidia/ml for most colonies. Growth rate lay within a range of 4 to 5mm/day. C. gloeosporioide isolate conidial morphology revealed a cylindrical spore having one rounded end whilst the other was acute shaped. Conidia length and width averaged between 7-8 micras and 3-4 micras, respectively. C. dematium colonies, however, were characterised by being grey and having radial growth. The fálcate and fusiform conidia tapered at the acute apex. They had a length and width of 16-18 micras and 3-4 micras, respectively. C. gloeosporioides colonies showed different macroscopic morphology but similar microscopic characteristics. Vegeta-tive compatibility was evaluated amongst different geographical isolates resulting in 90% compatibility. A patho-genic assay was done for evaluating isolate virulence on tolerant and susceptible cultivars. The isolates showed great variability regarding their virulence. The Colletotrichum isolate collection represents a tool for use in molecular characterisation and evaluating yam germplasm tolerance to this pathogen. Keywords: Colletotrichum, yam, anthracnose, phytopathology.Cepas de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides y Colletotrichum dematium fueron aisladas de plantas de ñame en el departa­mento de Sucre. Se realizó una descripción macro y microscópica encontrándose que el color predominante de la colonia fue lila. La esporulación fue mayor a 58.000 conidias /ml para la mayoría de las colonias. La rata de creci­miento tuvo un rango entre 4 -7 mm / día. Las conidias de los aislados de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides son cilíndri­cas con un extremo redondeado y el otro agudo y un tamaño que varía entre 7-8 micras y 3-4 micras de ancho. Así mismo Colletotrichum dematium se caracterizó por presentar colonias radiales de color gris, conidias falcadas y fusi­forme con ambos extremos agudos; y un tamaño que varia entre 16-18 micras de largo y 3-4 micras de ancho. En C. gloeosporioides se observó que las colonias mostraron diferencias morfológicas macroscópicas y características mi­croscópicas similares. Igualmente, se evaluó la compatibilidad vegetativa, enfrentando aislamientos de diferente origen geográficos, los cuales mostraron compatibilidad en un 90% de los aislados enfrentados. Adicionalmente, se realizaron pruebas de patogenicidad para evaluar la virulencia de los aislados sobre hospederos tolerantes y suscep­tibles. Los aislados mostraron un alto grado de variabilidad en cuanto a su virulencia. La colección de aislados de Colletotrichum podría ser utilizada para trabajos de caracterización molecular y evaluar la tolerancia del germoplasma de ñame a este patógeno. Palabras claves: Colletotrichum; ñame; antracnosis; fitopatología.

  13. Formal Verification of Programming by Demonstration Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Automated tools are quickly making inroads into casual computing environments, solving progressively more complex tasks. However, these advancements still require...

  14. Discovery of convoys in trajectory databases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeung, Hoyoung; Yiu, Man Lung; Zhou, Xiaofang;

    2008-01-01

    group of objects that have traveled together for some time. More specifically, this paper formalizes the concept of a convoy query using density-based notions, in order to capture groups of arbitrary extents and shapes. Convoy discovery is relevant for real-life applications in throughput planning of...... trucks and carpooling of vehicles. Although there has been extensive research on trajectories in the literature, none of this can be applied to retrieve correctly exact convoy result sets. Motivated by this, we develop three efficient algorithms for convoy discovery that adopt the well-known filter...

  15. Illinois Energy Conservation Plan: documentation of DOE-U535-O-A calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-11-06

    This report presents data compiled on the estimated energy conservation achieved by programs included in the Illinois Energy Conservation Plan. Summaries are given for the following areas: thermal and lighting standards; state and local procurement standards; carpooling, vanpooling, and public transit; right turn on red; energy data information system; Homeowner's Extension Program; agricultural resource applications; Farm Energy Conservation Program; Commercial Industrial Program; Public Utilities Program; School Energy Management Program; energy management assistance to local government; Administration of State Plan; energy conservation information; energy management for state buildings; solar energy; waste to energy and resource recovery; intergovernmental coordination; community technology assistance.

  16. Friends, Porn, and Punk: Sensation Seeking in Personal Relationships, Internet Activities, and Music Preference among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskirch, Robert S.; Murphy, Laurel C.

    2004-01-01

    One hundred thirty-eight college students completed a questionnaire assessing level of sensation seeking, number of close and casual friends, Internet usage, liking certain styles of music, and genre of music listened to most often. It was found that the number of casual and close friends was positively associated with sensation seeking.…

  17. Fast changing processes in radiotelemetry systems of space vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Inkov Alexander Mikhailovich

    2015-01-01

    The method of processing of the non-stationary casual processes with the use of nonparametric methods of the theory of decisions is considered. The use of such methods is admissible in telemetry systems in need of processing at real rate of time of fast-changing casual processes in the conditions of aprioristic uncertainty about probabilistic properties of measured process.

  18. Income generation of farm labourers in Trans Nzoia District, Kenya : rural employment and social networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tellegen, N.; Verstrate, L.; Foeken, D.W.J.

    1992-01-01

    This study, carried out in 1989, is a support study for a larger survey of the nutritional situation in the households of labourers on large farms in Trans Nzoia, Kenya. Three categories were distinguished: permanent labourers, casual labourers living on the farm and casual labourers living off the

  19. The Effects of Utilitarian and Hedonic Values on Young Consumers’ Satisfaction and Behavioral Intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umit BASARAN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the effects of utilitarian and hedonic values on young consumers’ satisfaction and behavioral intentions in fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors comparatively. Also this study investigates which value component (utilitarian or hedonic is more effective on satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The results show that utilitarian and hedonic values have significant effects on satisfaction and behavioral intentions for both fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors. Additionally, satisfaction has an influence on behavioral intentions in fast-food restaurant sector, but does not have a significant effect in fast-casual restaurant sector. Moreover, associations between hedonic value with satisfaction and behavioral intentions are significantly different between fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors. On the other hand, associations between utilitarian value with satisfaction and behavioral intentions and association between satisfactions with behavioral intentions are not significantly different between fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors.

  20. Travel demand policies for saving oil during a supply emergency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An area of growing concern is the future stability of oil producing regions and the ability to maintain stability in international petroleum markets. The transport sector, in particular, is extremely vulnerable to short-term supply disruptions with consequent implications on economic activities in most countries. This paper analyses potential transport demand restraint strategies that could potentially mitigate the impact of short-term supply disruptions. Our analysis includes estimates of the potential fuel savings from several policies. Specifically, we examine various work-based policies (telecommuting, flexible work schedules), the potential of carpooling, speed limit reductions, driving bans and restrictions, increased public transport usage, and providing information on the effect of maintaining optimal tire pressures. The analysis uses various assumptions based on existing knowledge about how travelers may respond under emergency conditions to develop estimates of potential fuel savings. Results suggest that the most restrictive policies, such as driving bans and mandatory carpooling are the most effective. Other policies provide small reductions with some, such as telecommuting and flexible work schedules, having the potential to be easily implemented. Those policies, focussed on encouraging public transport use, are less effective and potentially more costly to implement

  1. Fire vs Water: Erosional/Depositional Geology, Hawaiian Islands

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Even a casual, untrained observer will see evidence that opposing forces have formed the Hawaiian Islands. The massive and lofty volcanoes have been scoured,...

  2. CHCW2009 would Celebrate its 10th Birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In this October, the China’s Casual Wear Fair, jointly organized by China Garment Association, China Garment Designer Association and Zhongshan Municipal government, would welcome its ten years celebration in the

  3. HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Casual contact, such as hugging Mosquitoes Participating in sports Touching items that were touched by a person ... 20 years. People with AIDS have had their immune system damaged by HIV. They are at very high ...

  4. Contemporary American Physics Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Alan J.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the works by six contemporary American novelists that illustrate the current state of "physics fiction." The discussed examples of physics fiction ranged from the fluent and frequent inclusion of the casual, to the elaborate systems of physics metaphors. (GA)

  5. A comparison of the effects of topical green tea and lotus on facial sebum control in healthy humans

    OpenAIRE

    T. Mahmood; Akhtar, N.; Moldovan, C.

    2013-01-01

    Background and aim: Green tea and lotus hold several synergistic antioxidant compounds. This investigation aimed to assess the efficacy of green tea and green tea plus lotus vs. placebo multiple emulsions in healthy adults for controlling casual sebum secretions.

  6. The Glass is Not Broken——Evaluating the State of U.S. Corporate Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StevenN.Kaplan

    2004-01-01

    To a casual observer, the United States corporate govemance system may seem as if it is beyond repair. New research poses the question: If U.S.corporate govemance is so bad, why has performance been so good?

  7. The Glass is Not Broken

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StevenN.Kaplan

    2004-01-01

    To a casual observer, the United States corporate governance system may seem as if it is beyond repair. New research poses the question: If U.S.corporate govemance is so bad, why has performance been so good?

  8. Observations of birds on the Naknek and Kvichak Rivers, upper Kvichak Bay, Iliamna Lake, and Cook Inlet, 30 August-4 September and 12-15 September 1981: Trip report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to document and summarize casual observations of birds made aboard the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Vessel Sea Otter, in...

  9. Le Teen: Enjoy the Fun of Teens%Le Teen: Enjoy the Fun of Teens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2012-01-01

    Since the foundation in 1996, PEACEBIRD is the brand featuring the manufacture of shirts and business suits; then, the brand enters the production of casual men's wear; and now, PEACEBIRD explores the fields of fashion women's wear.

  10. Workforce Integration of New Graduate Nurses: Evaluation of a Health Human Resources Employment Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Andrea; Hunsberger, Mabel; Crea-Arsenio, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Historically, economic changes have negatively affected the nursing workforce in Ontario. The trend towards part-time and casual employment emerged from healthcare restructuring in the 1990s. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 alerted the Ontario government to the issue of part-time and casual nursing. In 2007, the Nursing Graduate Guarantee (NGG), a health human resources employment policy, was developed as a financial incentive for employers to hire and mentor new...

  11. Animal Health and Productivity Status of Cattle After The Eruption of Mount Merapi

    OpenAIRE

    Yulvian Sani; E S Estuningsih

    2011-01-01

    The eruption of Merapi from October 26th to November 6th, 2010 has affected social life and environment around the Merapi. The eruption has caused destruction of land and water resources, plants, death of animals and human casualities. The lava, dust and stones released from the eruption of Merapi had caused residential destruction, casualities, agricultural land and plants destruction, and contamination of water. The eruption has directly affected 4 districts including Sleman (Yogyakarta), M...

  12. Türkiye'de Enflasyon - Büyüme İlişkisi : Zaman Serisi Analizi = Inflation - Growth Relationship in Turkey : Time Series Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan KARACA

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between inflation and growth in Turkey is examined in this paper with time series analysis using quarterly data related to 1987-2002 period. A unidirectional casuality runs from inflation to growth within the Granger casuality analysis. The regression analysis we have made points out that inflation effects growth negatively. Every 1 point increase in inflation is found to decrease growth rate by 0.37 points during the examined period.

  13. Elections and economic policy in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Chauvet, Lisa; Collier, Paul

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates whether elections in developing countries have improved economic policies and economic governance. Both casual empiricism and casual theorizing suggest that they have done so. As contested elections have become more common since the 1990s, the policy ratings from the World Bank and the International Country Risk Guide have both improved markedly. These improvements accord with the fundamental notion that elections discipline governments into good performance. Yet this ...

  14. Pengaruh Rasio Aktivitas dan Leverage Terhadap Dividen pada Perusahaan Manufaktur di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Istiqomah

    2016-01-01

    The aim of study was to analyze the effect of activities ratio consists of Total Assets Turnover (TATO), Fixed Asset Turnover (FATO), Leverage consists of Debt Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) on Dividend (Dividend Payout Ratio) in manufacturing companies in Indonesia stock exchange. This study used the secondary data from www.idx.co.id. The sampling was based on the criteria in accordance with the objectives of the study. This study used casual associative design to determine the casual ...

  15. Analisis Pengaruh Corporate Life Cycle dan Free Cash Flow to Equity Terhadap Kebijakan Dividen pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Tahun 2012-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Mufliha, Titis Audiary

    2016-01-01

    The aim of study was to analyze the effect of Corporate Life Cycle (RETE) dan Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE) on Dividend Policy (Dividend Payout Ratio) in manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia stock exchange. This study used the secondary data from www.idx.co.id. The sampling was based on the criteria in accordance with the objectives of the study. This study used casual associative design to determine the casual relationship between a variable to another variable. Th...

  16. Stages of Change, Decisional Balance, and Self-Efficacy in Condom Use Among Rural African-American Stimulant Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Patricia B.; Booth, Brenda M.; Feldman, Zachary; Stewart, Katharine E.

    2009-01-01

    This pilot study (a) examined the stages of change (SOC) for condom use with primary and casual partners among rural heterosexual African American stimulant users, (b) identified gender differences in variables associated with SOC, and (c) assessed the association of SOC with decisional balance and self-efficacy. Seventy-two participants completed the study. SOC with a primary partner was much lower than SOC with a casual partner, indicating more consistent condom use with casual partners. Significant gender differences existed in decisional balance for condom use for both primary (p = 0.02) and casual partners (p = 0.03), with women having higher decisional balance scores than men. Women also reported higher self-efficacy scores for condom use with casual partners than men. In regression models, age, decisional balance, and self-efficacy were significantly associated with SOC for condom use with a primary partner; however, only self-efficacy was significantly associated with SOC with casual partners. The findings provide support for the development of interventions that promote the advantages of and increase self-efficacy for condom use. PMID:19887285

  17. Случайные находки скифских зеркал эпохи архаики в Северном Причерноморье / Casual Findings of Archaic Scythian Mirrors in the Northern Black Sea Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.A. Bazhan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Цель статьи – введение в научный оборот серии древностей эпохи архаики, найденных в Северном Причерноморье. Публикуемые находки бронзовых зеркал существенно дополняют наши знания о путях распространения греческих импортов в скифском мире, свидетельствующих о реальных контактах греческих колонистов с миром кочевых народов Северного Причерноморья. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a series of bronze mirrors dating back to the Archaic Epoch and found in the Northern Black Sea Coast into scientific circulation. The findings published supplement the knowledge available on the Greek import routes within Scythian world which evidence tangible contacts of Greek colonists with nomadic people of the Northern Black Sea Coast.

  18. Climate Science Service Learning: Learning In Deed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, D. S.

    2012-12-01

    Many schools require community service yet students work at a food bank or stream clean-up without understanding causes or solutions for the issues they encounter. Since students learn best when they make connections between scientific concepts and real-world issues that interest them, integrated science service learning is an effective and engaging way to teach. My fifth grade students at National Presbyterian School in Washington, DC learned about climate change through a service learning project to help the environment on campus. The curriculum was aligned with science and climate literacy frameworks, "Benchmarks for Science Literacy," from the American Academy for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and "The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences," from the U.S. Global Change Research Program / U.S. Climate Change Science Program, and was supported through partnership with NOAA's Climate Stewards Education Program. The service learning project was implemented according to seven best practices of service learning: the students initiated the project, researched the issue, developed a plan, worked with the community, shared their results, reflected on the project, and celebrated their accomplishment. My class of 28 fifth-graders researched and experimented with several environmental variables affecting our campus. They brainstormed service projects they could do to help the environment and decided to focus on reducing idling in the school carpool lane. Students researched how automobile exhaust contributes to climate change, causes acid rain, and harms human health. Students designed a system to measure and eventually minimize the exhaust released by cars idling in the carpool line. They crafted a tally sheet to record the number and size of cars and their idling times. They measured temperature and CO2 data, although they did not find that the number of idling cars affected these variables. Students concluded that over an average week with pleasant weather, 35 of

  19. Enhancing Multi-Agent Based Simulation with Human-Agents Interactive Spatial Behaviour

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Yee Ming; Shiu, Hung-Ming

    2009-01-01

    We are exploring the enhancement of models of agent behaviour with more "human-like" decision making strategies than are presently available. Our motivation is to developed with a view to as the decision analysis and support for electric taxi company under the mission of energy saving and reduction of CO2, in particular car-pool and car-sharing management policies. In order to achieve the object of decision analysis for user, we provide a human-agents interactive spatial behaviour to support user making decision real time. We adopt passenger average waiting time and electric taxi average idle time as the performance measures and decision support fro electric taxi company. Finally, according to the analysis result, we demonstrate that our multi-agent simulation and GUI can help users or companies quickly make a quality and accurate decision to reduce the decision-making cost and time.

  20. State energy conservation plan for New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-01-01

    The energy-savings and energy-management programs set up by state agencies in New Mexico are presented. Also the energy-savings and energy-management programs for public schools are presented. Plans and summaries are also given for the following program: solar water heaters for secondary schools; solar portable classroom demonstration; energy-savings and energy-management programs for county and municipal governments; energy-savings programs for commercial and residential sectors; weatherization; solar sustenance; energy-savings programs for hospitals and industrial buildings; carpools and vanpools; a program encouraging compliance with the national 55-mph speed limit; waste-oil recycling; utilitites; agriculture; procurement; modification; public information; and an administrative packet containing information on how to facilitate internal accounting procedures.

  1. Discovery of Convoys in Trajectory Databases

    CERN Document Server

    Jeung, Hoyoung; Zhou, Xiaofang; Jensen, Christian S; Shen, Heng Tao

    2010-01-01

    As mobile devices with positioning capabilities continue to proliferate, data management for so-called trajectory databases that capture the historical movements of populations of moving objects becomes important. This paper considers the querying of such databases for convoys, a convoy being a group of objects that have traveled together for some time. More specifically, this paper formalizes the concept of a convoy query using density-based notions, in order to capture groups of arbitrary extents and shapes. Convoy discovery is relevant for real-life applications in throughput planning of trucks and carpooling of vehicles. Although there has been extensive research on trajectories in the literature, none of this can be applied to retrieve correctly exact convoy result sets. Motivated by this, we develop three efficient algorithms for convoy discovery that adopt the well-known filter-refinement framework. In the filter step, we apply line-simplification techniques on the trajectories and establish distance b...

  2. Hired Hands: Casualised Technology and Labour in the Teaching of Cultural Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kieryn McKay

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the uptake and application of podcasting in a particular higher education context, drawing on the the authors' experience in late 2008 when both were employed as casual tutors on large-scale first-year communications and cultural studies courses at the University of Western Sydney. The article maps out the limits of technological innovation within the teaching of cultural studies, as well as its limits in promoting the radical potential of a cultural studies approach. It also charts some of the effects and affects of an over-reliance on casualised labour, which we argue can have a profoundly destabilising and atomising impact on academic practice and student engagement. We argue there is a parallel between the appropriation of popular media technologies into the university and the current system of casual academic employment in Australia, in that both the podcast and the casual academic represent ‘new’ interfaces of outsourced academic labour. Stipulated from our positions as casual teachers in cultural studies, this article is written from an embedded perspective which conceptualises both the podcast and the casual academic in line with the most prevalent mode of their employment in the academy: as ‘hired hands’, appendages to traditional models of pedagogy.

  3. Social-cognitive determinants of condom use in a cohort of young gay and bisexual men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franssens, Dirk; Hospers, Harm J; Kok, Gerjo

    2009-11-01

    The aim of this prospective study was to identify relevant determinants of young gay and bisexual men's (YGBM) condom use when having anal sex with casual partners. Respondents (185 YGBM in the midst of their coming-out; mean age 18.9 years) completed an online questionnaire on social-cognitive determinants of condoms use derived from the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991) at Wave 1. At six months follow-up (Wave 2) sexual behavior with casual partners was assessed. A total of 63 YGBM reported sex with a casual partner in the six months between Waves 1 and 2, of whom 49% (N=31) had anal sex. Of the YGBM who had anal sex, 42% (N=13) had unprotected anal sex. Condom use with casual partners was best predicted by the intention to always use condoms. Furthermore, attitude, descriptive and personal norms, and perceived control significantly predicted intention to always use condoms. Interventions, targeting YGBM, aiming to promote condom use with casual partners should focus on increasing attitudes and strengthening skills to negotiate and use condoms. PMID:20024726

  4. Epidemic spreading in networks with nonrandom long-range interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrada, Ernesto; Kalala-Mutombo, Franck; Valverde-Colmeiro, Alba

    2011-09-01

    An “infection,” understood here in a very broad sense, can be propagated through the network of social contacts among individuals. These social contacts include both “close” contacts and “casual” encounters among individuals in transport, leisure, shopping, etc. Knowing the first through the study of the social networks is not a difficult task, but having a clear picture of the network of casual contacts is a very hard problem in a society of increasing mobility. Here we assume, on the basis of several pieces of empirical evidence, that the casual contacts between two individuals are a function of their social distance in the network of close contacts. Then, we assume that we know the network of close contacts and infer the casual encounters by means of nonrandom long-range (LR) interactions determined by the social proximity of the two individuals. This approach is then implemented in a susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model accounting for the spread of infections in complex networks. A parameter called “conductance” controls the feasibility of those casual encounters. In a zero conductance network only contagion through close contacts is allowed. As the conductance increases the probability of having casual encounters also increases. We show here that as the conductance parameter increases, the rate of propagation increases dramatically and the infection is less likely to die out. This increment is particularly marked in networks with scale-free degree distributions, where infections easily become epidemics. Our model provides a general framework for studying epidemic spreading in networks with arbitrary topology with and without casual contacts accounted for by means of LR interactions.

  5. A new perspective on sexual mixing among men who have sex with men by body image.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ka-Kit Leung

    Full Text Available "Casual sex" is seldom as non-selective and random as it may sound. During each sexual encounter, people consciously and unconsciously seek their casual sex partners according to different attributes. Influential to a sexual network, research focusing on quantifying the effects of physical appearance on sexual network has been sparse.We evaluated the application of Log odds score (LOD to assess the mixing patterns of 326 men who have sex with men (MSM in Hong Kong in their networking of casual sex partners by Body Image Type (BIT. This involved an analysis of 1,196 respondents-casual sex partner pairs. Seven BITs were used in the study: Bear, Chubby, Slender, Lean toned, Muscular, Average and Other.A hierarchical pattern was observed in the preference of MSM for casual sex partners by the latter's BIT. Overall, Muscular men were most preferred, followed by Lean toned while the least preferred was Slender, as illustrated by LOD going down along the hierarchy in the same direction. Marked avoidance was found between men who self-identified as Chubby and men of Other body type (within-group-LOD: 1.25-2.89; between-group-LOD: <-1. None of the respondents reported to have networked a man who self-identified as Average for casual sex.We have demonstrated the possibility of adopting a mathematical prototype to investigate the influence of BIT in a sexual network of MSM. Construction of matrix based on culture-specific BIT and cross-cultural comparisons would generate new knowledge on the mixing behaviors of MSM.

  6. Multi-Domain Sandboxing: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, Robert; Kao, Ming-Yang

    2000-01-01

    In today’s computing world, computer code is most often developed on one computer and run on another. Code is increasingly downloaded and run on a casual basis, as the line between code and data is blurred and executable code is found in web pages, spreadsheets, word processor documents, etc. Not having the knowledge or resources to verify the lack of malicious intent of that code, the user must rely on here say and technological solutions to ensure that casually downloaded code does not dama...

  7. SOCIAL-COGNITIVE DETERMINANTS OF CONDOM USE IN A COHORT OF YOUNG GAY AND BISEXUAL MEN

    OpenAIRE

    Franssens, Dirk; Hospers, Harm; Kok, Gerjo

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this prospective study was to identify relevant determinants of young gay and bisexual men?s (YGBM) condom use when having anal sex with casual partners. Respondents (185 YGBM in the midst of their coming-out; mean age 18.9) completed an online questionnaire on social-cognitive determinants of condoms use derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior (Azjen, 1991) at wave 1. At six months follow-up (wave 2) sexual behavior with casual partners was assessed. A tota...

  8. SomoTrack Business Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Tansuma, Desmon

    2012-01-01

    The horse racing sector has been declining for many decades and needs to increase the number of new players to rejuvenate the sector. The goal of this project is not about picking the best horse to win the race, but about enhancing the overall experience of new and casual customers in order to increase the attendance at live horse races. SomoTrack is offering a mobile web application to help the horse racing track enhance its new and casual customers’ experience during live races, potentially...

  9. Qualitative and quantitative methods for human factor analysis and assessment in NPP. Investigations and results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description of the most frequently used approaches for human reliability assesment is given. The relation between different human factor causes for human induced events in Kozloduy NPP during the period 2000 - 2003 is discussed. A comparison between the contribution of the casual factors for events occurrences in Kozloduy NPP and an Japanese NPP is presented. It can be concluded that for both NPPs the most important casual factors are: 1) written procedures and documents; 2) man-machine interface; 3) environmental working conditions; 4) working practice; 5) training and qualification; 6) supervising methods

  10. Natural Language Query System Design for Interactive Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. M.S. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Liu, I-Hsiung

    1985-01-01

    The currently developed multi-level language interfaces of information systems are generally designed for experienced users. These interfaces commonly ignore the nature and needs of the largest user group, i.e., casual users. This research identifies the importance of natural language query system research within information storage and retrieval system development; addresses the topics of developing such a query system; and finally, proposes a framework for the development of natural language query systems in order to facilitate the communication between casual users and information storage and retrieval systems.

  11. Declining Labour Use in Agriculture : A Case of Rice Cultivation in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Duvvuru, Narasimha Reddy; Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    The present paper examines the changing nature of labour use in rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. The study observed that there is a fast decline in labour use in respect of rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. All three forms of labour (family, casual and attached) have followed the same trend. But the share of casual labour in the total labour used in rice cultivation is increasing with a corresponding decline in the share of family labour. By gender, although both male and female labour u...

  12. Estudio de caso del crecimiento del grupo alsea en relación a indicadores financieros y económicos durante el periodo 2000-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Servín, Jéssica Paola

    2014-01-01

    En páginas posteriores se presenta la Investigación realizada del grupo constituido formalmente como “ALSEA S.A de C.V”, cuya principal actividad se enfoca en el desarrollo y operación de restaurantes tipo franquicias Fast-Food y franquicias de comida casual o Casual-Dining en el territorio mexicano y latinoamericano, entre sus principales marcas destacan: Domino’s Pizza, Burguer King, Starbucks, Chili’s, etc., sin embargo; sus raíces retoman a 1989 cuando se constituye la primera compañía de...

  13. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Among Adolescent Ten-Pin Bowlers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Teo Eng-Wah; Khoo Selina; Wong Rebecca; Wee Eng-Hoe; Lim Boon-Hooi; Rengasamy Shabesan Sit

    2015-01-01

    Motivation has long been associated with sports engagement. However, to date no research has been performed to understand the domain of motivation among ten-pin bowlers. The purpose of this study was to investigate different types of motivation (i.e., intrinsic vs. extrinsic) based on self-determination theory from the perspective of gender and the bowler type (competitive vs. casual). A total of 240 bowlers (104 male, 136 female; 152 competitive, 88 casual) with a mean age of 16.61 ± 0.78 ye...

  14. Oil demand reduction in an oil crisis. Evaluation of oil demand-reducing measures for the transportation sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Every IEA member state must have in place measures to reduce oil demand during oil supply emergencies. The transport sector offers significant opportunities to reduce oil demand with relatively limited impact on the overall economy. To determine which measures are useful in the Dutch situation, this report performs a quick scan of a number of demand restraint measures in the transport sector. The quick scan ranks measures by their effectiveness, feasibility, and efficiency. Based on the quick scan results, three measures have been selected for further research (Sunday driving ban, work-trip reduction, and carpooling). Additionally, the effects of price increases on oil demand have been examined. Five refineries and a large petrochemical industry sector are based in the Netherlands. Therefore, the shares of passenger road transport (20%) and freight road transport (12%) in the national oil demand are comparatively low. As a consequence an oil demand reduction in road transport of at least 20% to 30% is required to meet the national oil demand reduction target of 7% to 10% agreed within IEA. Price effects during an oil crisis are uncertain given limited research, and estimated to reduce oil demand from passenger road transport by 15% to 35% and oil demand from freight road transport by 10% to 25%. Given the uncertainty, this effect was halved to obtain a conservative estimate of 2% to 4% of national oil demand reduction as a result of price effects. A Sunday driving ban can lead to reductions of 50% to 80% of passenger travel on Sundays, leading to savings of 1% to 1.5% of national oil demand. Work-trip reduction policies can reduce worktrips by 10% and lead to reductions of 0.5% to 1% of total oil demand. Carpooling has the greatest potential, reducing work trips up to 30% and leading to 0% to 2.5% savings of national oil demand. The broad range of the latter estimate is due to the limited options available to influence motorists to share their vehicles with others

  15. Analysis of the effectiveness of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta

    Science.gov (United States)

    The casual agent of rice blast, Magnaporthe oryzae, continues to remain a serious threat for rice production and in general for the world food supply. The most economically and environmentally viable strategy to control this pathogen is the development of cultivars which possess major resistance gen...

  16. Pocket Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰莹; 赵惠; 李世芹; 袁琳

    2007-01-01

    Do you get any poch’et money from your parents? What do you do with it?刘杰莹Pocket Money (1st Floor) I get some pocket money from Mom every day.But I never spend it casually.Except the money for breakfast,

  17. Resistance contact thin-film resistor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spirin V. G.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The analytical model of the calculation of the contact resistance of the thin-film resistor is Offered. The Explored dependency of the contact resistance from wedge of the pickling. The Considered influence adhesive layer on warm-up stability of the resistor. They Are Received formulas of the calculation systematic and casual inaccuracy contributed by contact resistance.

  18. Assessing the impact of communication costs on international trade

    OpenAIRE

    Fink, Carsten; Mattoo, Aaditya; Neagu, Ileana Cristina

    2002-01-01

    Recent research suggests that trade costs influence the pattern of specialization and trade, but there is limited empirical research on the determinants of trade costs. The existing literature identifies a range of barriers that separate nations, but then typically focuses only on transport costs. Although communication costs figure prominently in intuitive explanations and casual observat...

  19. Entrepreneurship Education and Graduates Unemployment in Oyo State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emunemu, B. O.; Kasali, O. J.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated entrepreneurship and graduates' unemployment in Nigeria.The problem of unemployment in Nigeria has become endemic. There have been reported cases of under-employment, seasonal, casual and full blown unemployment. Previous studies on unemployment and factors influencing it in Nigeria identify poor educational standards,…

  20. From Hell or From Nowhere? Non-places in Douglas Coupland’s Novels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent

    novel Generation X, the narrator casually observes, speaking of the dating patterns and friendships of the three youthful protagonists, that nowadays everyone and everything seems to be either from nowhere or from Hell. The narrator invites the reader to muse on whether these two points of origin are...

  1. Knowledge of Arthropod Carnivory and Herbivory: Factors Influencing Preservice Elementary Teacher's Attitudes and Beliefs toward Arthropods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagler, Ron; Wagler, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Human negativity toward arthropods has been well documented but the factors that contribute to this negativity have been elusive. This study explored knowledge of arthropod carnivory and herbivory as possible casual factors that contribute to the negative tendencies preservice elementary teachers have toward most arthropods. Specifically, this…

  2. Разработка структуры генератора случайных изменений напряжений в электрических сетях промышленных предприятий

    OpenAIRE

    Кузнецов, Виталий Вадимович; Николенко, Анатолий Васильевич; Иващенко, Валерий Петрович

    2013-01-01

    The stochastic generator of casual changes of tensions is worked out in the electric systems of industrial enterprises, allowing to decide the different tasks of energy’s efficiency of asynchronous engines with a shortcircuited rotor at presence of deviations of quality’s indexes of electric power from rationed.

  3. Predictors of Condom Use in Latino Migrant Day Laborers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organista, Kurt C.; Ehrlich, Samantha F.

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on predictors of condom use with casual female sex partners on the part of Latino migrant day laborers in the San Francisco Bay Area. Results come from a secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional survey using convenience sampling to interview 290 sexually active adult, male, migrant Latino day laborers. Regression…

  4. Motivation and Cognitive Load in the Flipped Classroom: Definition, Rationale and a Call for Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abeysekera, Lakmal; Dawson, Phillip

    2015-01-01

    Flipped classroom approaches remove the traditional transmissive lecture and replace it with active in-class tasks and pre-/post-class work. Despite the popularity of these approaches in the media, Google search, and casual hallway chats, there is very little evidence of effectiveness or consistency in understanding what a flipped classroom…

  5. Cold-Fusion Brouhaha Signals Shifts in the Way Science Proceeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Chris

    1989-01-01

    The public display of disagreement between scientists over the reported achievement of cold fusion shocked casual observers but is said by long-time observers to be unremarkable in science history. Concern on all sides focuses on the political and business aspects of discovery and the degree of scientific competition. (MSE)

  6. Reopening of the survey, study and medical care of atomic bomb victims

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research on atomic bomb casuality of the results by Japanese scientists were greatly restricted during the Occupation period. Conditions improved in 1951 when the San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed. After the conclusion of the Treaty, there were various movements in the fields of the survey, study and medical care of atomic bomb victims. The Science Council of Japan formed the Atomic Bomb Casuality Research Group, which was supported by scientific research funds from the Ministry of Education in 1952. The group had the hope of taking place of Atomic Bomb Casuality Commission (ABCC) which was established by USA. But the study of the group was supported by ABCC. The Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Casuality Council was formed in January 1953 with the cooperation of Hiroshima City and its assembly, medical association of the city, and other groups. In Nagasaki, this Council was formed in May this year. These movement led the constitution of the Atomic Bomb Aftereffects Research Council in the National Institute of Health on November 1953. Hiroshima and Nagasaki City, and their Assemblies started their appeals of medical care for atomic bomb victims from the end of 1951. The same appeals were made by the press and welfare group in 1953. In the period from the end of 1951 to 1953, the way for the Medical Care Law was paved by various groups. But the enactment of the law needed the social power of the nationalwide movement against A- and H-bomb. (author)

  7. Biogeographic congruence in the south Pacific

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seberg, Ole

    1991-01-01

    Ever since J. D. Hooker's famous 'Introductory Essay' to Flora NOVE-Zelandise, a classical problem in biogeography has been to give a casual explanation of southern hemisphere distribution patterns. An attempt is made to see whether the cladograms for the circum-Pacific areas (South America, New...

  8. De nerfamarant (Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats.) in Nederland

    OpenAIRE

    Ham, van, M.

    1982-01-01

    New data are given to amplify the tentative remarks on naturalization of Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats, in the Atlas of the Netherlands Flora (Van der Ham, 1980). Although merely of casual occurrence in some localities, the species is thought to be naturalized in the dunes, along the river Waal and in urban areas. It was first found in 1900.

  9. Persistent primitive trigeminal artery - case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kegel, W.

    1983-03-01

    The trigeminal artery is the most frequently persistent embryonic anastomosis of the carotido-basilar circle, considered to be of no clinical significance, detected only casually. However there have been reports in the relevant literature describing the pathological significance of this anastomosis in some cases.

  10. Identification and Characterization of a Novel Host-Toxin Interaction in the Wheat - Stagonospora Nodorum Pathosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stagonospora nodorum, casual agent of Stagonospora nodorum blotch (SNB) of wheat, produces a number of host-selective toxins (HSTs) known to be important in disease. To date, four HSTs and corresponding host sensitivity genes have been reported, and all four host-toxin interactions are significant f...

  11. Transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Zhong-wei; LI Xiao-wen; FENG Dan; CAO Wu-chun

    2007-01-01

    Objective To review the transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous population.Data sources The data used in this review were adopted mainly from the studies of models of tuberculosis reported from 1995 to 2006.Study selection Relevant literature on transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous populations are referenced.Results Casual/random factors and genetic factors are the main reasons for epidemics of tuberculosis in recent years.Mass public transport is playing the primary role in casually close contact which can facilitate the transmission of tuberculosis. Genetic susceptibility not only varies endemic prevalence levels, but also drastically alters the effects of treatment for tuberculosis patients. Detailed studies further exhibit that casual contact and genetic factor are responsible for over 30%-40% of the total new cases in recent years. The prevalence of tuberculosis could double (from 33% to 60%)if a genetically susceptible phenotype is present in only 30% of the population. And some challenges have emerged along with these exciting results.Conclusions Casual/random contact, public transport and genetic susceptibility are responsible for most new tuberculosis cases and a wide variation in endemic tuberculosis levels between regions. Hence, the transmission model of tuberculosis in a heterogeneous population can provide more clues to underlying mechanism of tuberculosis transmission than in a homogeneous population. However, many challenges remain for us in understanding transmission of disease.

  12. Race Relations Stories: How Southeast Asian Refugees Interpret the Ancestral Narration of Black and White Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Jeremy; Moore, Christopher D.

    2009-01-01

    The contact hypothesis (Allport 1954) predicts that cross-racial interaction can produce social bonding under certain status, relational, and institutional conditions. We extend this classic theory on ingroups and outgroups using qualitative data on Cambodian and Hmong refugees' recollections of casual conversations about ancestry with black and…

  13. Further Thoughts on the Writing of Stories: A Response to Michael Gard and Ian Wellard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbourne, David; Jones, Robyn

    2014-01-01

    In his most recent piece (Gilbourne et al., 2011) and in the present article, the author revisits the notion of "caring" in applied sport psychology, offering readers the chance to wonder how a word misplaced or a gesture of casual indifference might cause lasting damage. As in his recent book, "Critical Essays in Sport…

  14. Programme Note: Street Children in Bucharest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrescu, Gabriela

    1996-01-01

    Interviewed Bucharest street children, most between 11 and 15 years of age. Found that most left families, not institutions. Half were from intact families characterized by many children, an incarcerated parent, physical violence, sexual abuse, or alcoholism. Most worked either begging or in casual labor, and engaged in substance abuse.…

  15. Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buunk, Abraham (Bram); Dijkstra, Pieternel; Fetchenhauer, D.; Kenrick, D.T.

    2002-01-01

    The present study investigated mate preferences for five different levels of relationship involvement-marriage, serious relationship, falling in love, casual sex, and sexual fantasies-among individuals of 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 years of age. Consistent with an evolutionary perspective, men preferred

  16. Quality Assurance of Assessment and Moderation Discourses Involving Sessional Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grainger, Peter; Adie, Lenore; Weir, Katie

    2016-01-01

    Quality assurance is a major agenda in tertiary education. The casualisation of academic work, especially in teaching, is also a quality assurance issue. Casual or sessional staff members teach and assess more than 50% of all university courses in Australia, and yet the research in relation to the role sessional staff play in quality assurance of…

  17. Genetic diversity of rice sheath blight isolates (Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA) from different rice cultivars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Rhizoctonia solani AG 1 IA, the non specific, soil borne, and plant casual agent of rice sheath blight, occurring world widely in rice fields, has become a major disease to rice. In this study,relationships among R. solani AG 1 IA isolates, collected from different rice cultivars were reported.

  18. Aloha Shirts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawley, Linda

    2012-01-01

    After creating fish-themed art works for the school's Evening of the Arts, the school moved onshore. In Florida, a tropical climate and casual dress is the norm, so students are familiar with Hawaiian "Aloha" shirts. To begin the lesson, the author displayed several Aloha shirts across the front of the art room. She then gives a quick…

  19. Notes on the genus Pyrgus (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de R.

    1975-01-01

    1. Pyrgus alveus caucasius Picard and Pyrgus jupei Alberti In a paper on Pyrgus bellieri, Picard (1949: 57) casually named the populations of Pyrgus alveus from the Caucasus and Transcaucasia caucasius. According to Picard, Reverdin (1915) confused this form with the Chinese sifanicus which has diff

  20. Monitoring knowledge among family, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual partnership characteristics of African American adolescent females.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Riley J; Swartzendruber, Andrea L; Rose, Eve; DiClemente, Ralph J

    2014-10-01

    Among 284 African American girls aged 14 to 17 years, frequent family monitoring knowledge was associated with a reduced likelihood of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and having a casual sex partner but was not associated with other partnership characteristics. Family monitoring may offer an additional STI prevention opportunity for this vulnerable population. PMID:25211255

  1. UbiqBio: Adoptions and Outcomes of Mobile Biology Games in the Ecology of School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Judy; Klopfer, Eric

    2014-01-01

    The integration of learning games into schools holds significant promise, yet faces numerous obstacles. Ubiquitous games (casual games for smart phones) attempt to motivate students to engage repeatedly with content beyond school, while enabling teachers to facilitate deeper reflection on game-related curricula during class. During a two-year…

  2. El Lenguaje en Evolucion (Language in Evolution)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurado, Arturo

    1974-01-01

    The evolution of the Spanish language is due, in part, to popular culture and radio, television, films and advertising. Many words take on altered meaning when used in casual, intimate or slangy conversation; included is a list of such words with their informal connotations, as used by many Mexicans. (Text is in Spanish.) (CK)

  3. The Causal Ordering of Self-Concept and Academic Motivation and Its Effect on Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jasmine; Nelson, Genevieve; Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herb

    2006-01-01

    Critical questions in educational psychology research to be addressed in this paper concern the casual relationship between academic self-concept, academic motivation and its effect on academic achievement. Do changes in academic self-concept and academic motivation lead to changes in subsequent academic achievement? Various studies have attempted…

  4. The Link between Training Satisfaction, Work Engagement and Turnover Intention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memon, Mumtaz Ali; Salleh, Rohani; Baharom, Mohamed Noor Rosli

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the casual relationship between training satisfaction, work engagement (WE) and turnover intention and the mediating role of WE between training satisfaction and turnover intention. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 409 oil and gas professionals using an email survey…

  5. What's reality television got to do with it? Talking politics in the net-based public sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.; Brants, K.; Voltmer, K.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is to see whether online discussion forums dedicated to popular culture (reality TV) provide a communicative space, content and style for politics that extends the public sphere. Given their typically casual, chatty and frivolous nature, we might assume that political talk do

  6. Assessment of Management Competencies Possessed by Postgraduate University Business Education Students to Handle Entrepreneurship Business Challenges in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoro, James

    2015-01-01

    University Business Education graduates, by the nature of their programme, ought to possess relevant management competencies for successful entrepreneurship but casual observation and empirical reports indicate that they are not doing well in this aspect. Therefore, this study assessed the management competencies possessed by the university…

  7. Thinking Fast and Slow about Causality: Response to Palinkas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Jeanne C.

    2014-01-01

    Larry Palinkas advances the developing science of social work by providing an explanation of how social science research methods, both qualitative and quantitative, can improve our capacity to draw casual inferences. Understanding causal relations and making causal inferences--with the promise of being able to predict and control outcomes--is…

  8. Radon in caves: clinical aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Craven Stephen A.; Smit Berend J.

    2006-01-01

    Historical, experimental and clinical evidence is presented to suggest that radon constitutes a relatively small carcinogenic risk for casual visitors to caves. The risk is dependent on radon levels and the smoking of tobacco. Show cave guides, chronically exposed to radon, may be at increased risk for lung cancer due to the effects of radon, especially if they are smokers of tobacco.

  9. 49 CFR 194.117 - Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for emergency response operations in 29 CFR 1910.120, including volunteers or casual laborers employed during a response who are subject to those standards pursuant to 40 CFR part 311. ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Training. 194.117 Section 194.117...

  10. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  11. "Playing Possum": A Young Child's Responses to Information Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maduram, Ida

    2000-01-01

    Examines the author's daughter's spontaneous responses to information books, especially those responses that occurred outside book-sharing sessions. Investigates response episodes as: casual conversations, a reevaluation of facts, reflections of complex thinking, transactions between life and literature, and portraits of personal inquiry. (SR)

  12. Jung's and Freud's contributions to dream interpretation: a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weitz, L J

    1976-04-01

    Carl G. Jung considers dreams as (a) aids to restoring and maintaining mental health, (b) as scientific insights into psychic casuality, (c) as symbolic representations of one's actual subjective state and (d) as expressions of "telepathic visions". In this paper Jung's considerations are contrasted to Freud's. PMID:937592

  13. Physical Attractiveness and Courtship Progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Gregory L.

    1980-01-01

    Among college students who were casual or serious daters, greater relative attractiveness was positively correlated with greater relative availability of opposite-sexed friends and negatively correlated with worrying about partner's potential involvement with others. A 9-month follow-up revealed that similarity of attractiveness was predictive of…

  14. Developing organizational structures for international marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan Cucu

    2002-01-01

    International marketing represents marketing activities performed across national boundaries. The level of involvement in international marketing can range from casual exporting to globalization of markets. Although most firms adjust their marketing mixes for differences in target markets, some firms are able to standardize their marketing efforts worldwide

  15. Research in Applied Linguistics: Becoming a Discerning Consumer, 2nd Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Fred L., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Newly updated and revised, this popular text provides a solid introduction to the foundations of research methods, with the goal of enabling students and professionals in the field of applied linguistics to become not just casual consumers of research who passively read bits and pieces of a research article, but "discerning" consumers able to…

  16. COL : a logic-based language for complex objects

    OpenAIRE

    Abiteboul, Serge; Grumbach, Stéphane

    1987-01-01

    A logic-based language for manipuling complex objects constructed using set and tuple conctructors is introduced. Under some stratification restrictions, the semantic of programs is given by a canonical minimal and casual model that can be computed using a finite sequence of fixpoints. Applications of the language to procedural data, semantic database models, heterogeneous databases integration, and Datalog queries evalutation are presented.

  17. Winning Students Back from McDonald's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hean, Lim Lee; Tin, Low Guat

    1996-01-01

    Describes a Singapore principal's turnaround strategy to improve his secondary students' academic performance and study habits. Principal Tong Pak Goh won students back from McDonald's and other distractions by creating an atmosphere of care and casual comfort, holding afterschool tutoring sessions for problem and latchkey kids, and counseling…

  18. Party Animals or Responsible Men: Social Class, Race, and Masculinity on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Studies of collegiate party and hookup culture tend to overlook variation along social class and racial/ethnic lines. Drawing on interview data at a "party school" in the Midwest, I examine the meanings and practices of drinking and casual sex for a group of class and race-diverse fraternity men. While more privileged men draw on ideas…

  19. Age preferences for mates as related to gender, own age, and involvement level

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buunk, BP; Dijkstra, P; Kenrick, DT; Warntjes, A

    2001-01-01

    The present study examined desired minimum and maximum ages for mates across five different levels of relationship involvement (marriage, serious relationship, falling in love, casual sex, and sexual fantasies) comparing individuals of 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 years old. Consistent with previous findi

  20. Factual Accuracy and Trust in Information: The Role of Expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucassen, T.; Schraagen, J.M.C.

    2011-01-01

    In the past few decades, the task of judging the credibility of information has shifted from trained professionals (e.g., editors) to end users of information (e.g., casual Internet users). Lacking training in this task, it is highly relevant to research the behavior of these end users. In this arti

  1. Seconding Teachers to the Academy: An Alternative to Traditional Approaches of Sessional Staff Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walkingtion, Jackie

    2014-01-01

    There is a multiplicity of challenges related to employing, supporting and retaining quality sessional (casual) academic staff in higher education. An approach trialled in an Australian education faculty specifically addressed issues of quality and quantity, support and inclusion, motivation and engagement, efficiency and effectiveness. While…

  2. Perceptual adaptation to segmental and syllabic reductions in continuous spoken Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poellmann, K.; Bosker, H.R.; McQueen, J.M.; Mitterer, H.A.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates if and how listeners adapt to reductions in casual continuous speech. In a perceptual-learning variant of the visual-world paradigm, two groups of Dutch participants were exposed to either segmental (/b/ -> [upsilon] or syllabic (ver- -> [f:]) reductions in spoken Dutch

  3. Being Social @ Work: Designing for Playfully Mediated Social Awareness in Work Environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyas, D.M.; Watering, van de M.R.; Eliëns, A.; Veer, van der G.C.; Venkatesh, A; Gonsalves, T; Monk, A; Buckner, K

    2007-01-01

    Awareness within work environments should not be seen limited to important work-related information, activities and relationships. Mediating somewhat casual and engaging encounters related to non-work issues could also lead to meaningful and pleasurable experiences. This paper explores a design appr

  4. From Candy Crush to Catan: One Student's Perspective on the Benefits of Gaming in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebbs, Morgan

    2016-01-01

    In the spring semester of 2015, Morgan Ebbs made the bold decision to take a class called "The Rhetoric of Gaming." Having only really played games during childhood, Ebbs now thinks that choice was a bit naive. He is not ashamed to admit that he was the definition of what some like to refer to as "casual," "plebe," or…

  5. Bringing up condom use and using condoms with new sexual partners : Intentional or habitual?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yzer, MC; Siero, FW; Buunk, BP

    2001-01-01

    A prospective study of 94 Dutch adults who have casual sexual partners examined whether two important aspects of safe sex. namely bringing up condom use (BCU) and actual condom use (ACU) are intentional or habitual. For each of these aspects, a model based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB: Aj

  6. IMPACT OF SOLAR ULTRAVIOLET-B RADIATION (290-320 NM) UPON MARINE MICROALGAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    For years scientists and laymen alike have casually noted the impact of solar ultraviolet radiation upon the nonhuman component of the biosphere. Stratospheric ozone functions effectively as an ultraviolet screen by filtering out solar radiation in the 220-320 nm waveband as it p...

  7. Manatees mapping seagrass (USA & Puerto Rico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slone, Daniel H.; Reid, James P.; Kenworthy, W. Judson; Di Carlo, Giuseppe; Butler, Susan M.

    2012-01-01

    West Indian manatees (Trichechus manatus) are secretive creatures. While some of their behaviours at winter aggregation sites in Florida are readily visible to the casual observer, many of their habits and movements are difficult to observe. They rely on submerged vegetation for nutrition, and seagrasses are one of their most important food sources.

  8. Motivating Kids to Be Active

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... activity, or both. 2. The casual athlete: This child is interested in being active but isn't a star player and is at risk of getting discouraged in a competitive athletic environment. 3. The athlete: This child has athletic ability, is committed to a sport ...

  9. Precarious, informalizing, and flexible work: transforming concepts and new understandings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Arnold; J.R. Bongiovi

    2013-01-01

    There is a considerable body of academic and activist research that studies the prevalence of precariousness in contemporary societies. It goes by many names that are often interchangeable, including precarious work, precarity, informalization, and casualization. These are typically rooted in emergi

  10. Oenothera coronifera, a new alien species for the Czech flora, and Oenothera stricta, recorded again after nearly two centuries

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mihulka, Stanislav; Pyšek, Petr; Pyšek, A.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 75, - (2003), s. 263-270. ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK6005114; GA ČR GA206/99/1239 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : alien plants * casual occurrence * Oenothera Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  11. Teaching a Comprehensive Course on Stress and Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFrank, Richard S.

    2012-01-01

    Given the growing literature on and documented importance of workplace stress, it is suggested that this topic deserves more than a casual mention in introductory management classes. The current article reviews a comprehensive course dedicated to the phenomenon of stress in the work setting, which addresses issues such as theories, demands and…

  12. Sexually transmitted infection risk behaviors in rural Thai adolescents and young adults: Support for gender- and age-specific interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimore, Amanda D.; Aramrattana, Apinun; Sherman, Susan G.; Galai, Noya; Srirojn, Bangorn; Thompson, Nick; Ellen, Jonathan M.; Willard, Nancy; Celentano, David D.

    2012-01-01

    STI prevalence and risks in a sample of rural Thai adolescents and young adults (14–29 years old) were examined. Unprotected sex with a casual partner conferred the greatest risk for prevalent STIs, particularly for younger adolescents and alcohol use increased the STI risk for women but not for men. PMID:23403603

  13. Gender Comparisons of College Students' Attitudes toward Sexual Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Stephan M.; Medora, Nilufer P.

    1990-01-01

    Found significant differences between male and female college students' (n=641) attitudes toward premarital sex among casual acquaintances and attitudes toward extramarital, oral-genital, and anal sex, with males expressing more liberal attitudes. Found no significant differences between males' and females' attitudes toward premarital sex when…

  14. JASPAR, the open access database of transcription factor-binding profiles: new content and tools in the 2008 update

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryne, J.C.; Valen, E.; Tang, M.H.E.; Marstrand, T.; Winther, Ole; da Piedade, I.; Krogh, A.; Lenhard, B.; Sandelin, A.

    2008-01-01

    JASPAR is a popular open-access database for matrix models describing DNA-binding preferences for transcription factors and other DNA patterns. With its third major release, JASPAR has been expanded and equipped with additional functions aimed at both casual and power users. The heart of the JASPAR...

  15. Identification of Workplace Dress by Low-Income Job Seekers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiki, Diana

    2013-01-01

    The author examined how low-income job seekers participating in a workplace dress program identified traditional business and business casual dress. Seventy low-income job seekers identified clothing items as traditional business (e.g., suits, ties), similar to identifications made by professionals and image consultants in previous literature.…

  16. Phyllosticta species associated with freckle disease of banana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, M.H.; Crous, P.W.; Henderson, J.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Drenth, A.

    2012-01-01

    The identity of the casual agent of freckle disease of banana was investigated. The pathogen is generally referred to in literature under its teleomorphic name, Guignardia musae, or that of its purported anamorph, Phyllosticta musarum. Based on morphological and molecular data from a global set of b

  17. Great Service Pays: A Model for Service Delivery in an Academic Music Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Andrew M.

    2007-01-01

    Special-subject libraries can be particularly intimidating for casual and seasoned patrons alike. Music libraries, with their variety of materials, formats, and vocabularies, can present particular challenges for the user. With this proposal for a model of service delivery, as well as many tips gained through experience working the front-of-house…

  18. From "Urban" to Urban: Engaging Schools and Communities in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Ruanda Garth; Ryan, Ann Marie

    2014-01-01

    The need for sophisticated and highly skilled educators in urban schools is painfully obvious, even to the most casual observer. National and local test data demonstrate that students in urban schools are generally not achieving at the same levels as are their suburban and more affluent peers. Teacher educators in urban areas struggle with how to…

  19. Revitalising Languages in Australian Universities: What Chance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Bianco, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    Institutions of higher education teach fewer languages, in less secure ways, for less time per week, for shorter periods, by an increasingly casually employed staff, in often underfunded, underappreciated and under stress modes, but participants in the Australian Academy of the Humanities' "Beyond the Crisis: Revitalising Languages in Australian…

  20. Sex Segregation in Friendships and Normative Contexts across the Life Span

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Clare M.; Strough, JoNell

    2009-01-01

    Sex segregation (the separation of boys and girls into same-sex groups in their friendships and casual encounters; [Thorne, B., & Luria, Z. (1986). Sexuality and gender in children's daily worlds. "Social Problems, 33", 176-190]), has typically been viewed as a childhood phenomenon. In the present paper, we review research that suggests the…

  1. The Digitization of Early English Books: A Database Comparison of Internet Archive and Early English Books Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightenburg, Cindy

    2016-01-01

    The use of digital books is diverse, ranging from casual reading to in-depth primary source research. Digitization of early English printed books in particular, has provided greater access to a previously limited resource for academic faculty and researchers. Internet Archive, a free, internet website and Early English Books Online, a subscription…

  2. Adolescent Sexual Activity: Links between Relational Context and Depressive Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monahan, Kathryn C.; Lee, Joanna M.

    2008-01-01

    Little is known about the impact of the relational context of adolescent sexual activity on depressive symptoms. The present study examined trajectories of depressive symptoms among 6,602 adolescents (44% male, 60% White) taken from a nationally representative study (Add Health). Sexually active youth in romantic and casual relationships were…

  3. Stranger and Acquaintance Rape: Are There Differences in the Victim's Experience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koss, Mary P.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Examined rape by strangers and by acquaintances, including nonromantic acquaintances, casual dates, steady dates, and family members in 489 rape victims. Acquaintance rape typically involved single offender and multiple episodes, was less often perceived as rape or revealed to anyone, and, except for rapes by family members, was rated less…

  4. Socio-Economic Impact of Higher Education in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Anam Azam, Muhammad Rafiq, Fauzia Nazir

    2015-01-01

    In  this study, the socio-economic impact of higher education in Pakistan are studied. The main objective of this study was to examine and analyse the casual relationship between socio/economic impacts in higher education. The study has also highlighted the firm relationship in higher education. The findings showed that there is positive relationship in higher education.

  5. Tough Shift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brewer, Robert S.; Verdezoto, Nervo; Holst, Thomas;

    2015-01-01

    people to change their behavior at home. Leveraging prior research on encouraging reductions in residential energy use through game play, we introduce ShareBuddy: a casual mobile game intended to encourage players not only to reduce, but also to shift their electricity use. We conducted two field studies...... integrating real-world resource use into a game....

  6. Retail Minority Shareholders and Corporate Reputation as Determinant of Dividend Policy in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, King Fuei

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the influence of retail minority shareholders in the determination of corporate dividend policies of Australian companies. While retail investors are typically also minority shareholders and therefore perceived in academic literature to have limited influence on corporate dividend decisions, casual empiricism suggests the contrary. We hypothesise that corporate reputation serves as a device aligning managers’ incentives with retail minority shareholder interests, and ...

  7. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Minzu Hotel As a high-end business hotel, Minzu Hotel makes every effort to offer a casual and convenient business experience for every guest. Starting April 1, 2010, Minzu Hotel began providing free wireless Internet access services for its distinguished guests.

  8. Sekret populjarnosti : rasskazhi gadost pro znamenitost / Olga Bakushinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bakushinskaja, Olga

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade kuulsustele pühendatud tänapäeva vene kirjandusest: Aleksandr Tshervinski, "Shishkin less" (Mihhalkovide perekonnast) ; Oksana Robski "Casual" ; Aleksandr Aleksandrov, "Barbekju v gubernskom klube" ; Andrei Malgin, "Sovetnik prezidenta" (prototüübiks Anatoli Pristavkin)

  9. Evidence From Seven Countries on Whether Inventories Smooth Aggregate Output

    OpenAIRE

    Kenneth D. West

    1988-01-01

    Casual examination of annual postwar data on inventories and aggregate output for seven developed countries -- Canada, France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States -- suggests that in these countries the primary function of aggregate inventories is not to smooth aggregate output in the face of aggregate demand shocks. Japan is a possible exception to this generalization.

  10. Some Effects of Counselor Profanity in Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heubusch, Norbert J.; Horan, John J.

    1977-01-01

    Volunteer clients of both sexes were assigned randomly to one of three male counselors and to one of two treatments. In the nonstandard English condition, the counselor casually and passively introduced four profane words. Counselors who used nonstandard English were judged to be less effective and satisfying. (Author)

  11. Complicated Relationships among Audit Committee Independence, Nonfinancial and Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    David Han-Min Wang; Quang LinhHuynh

    2013-01-01

    The relationships among the audit committee independence, nonfinancial performance and financial performance are quite complicated. They are not simply bivariate correlations. Rather, there may be mediating effects or moderating influences on these casual associations. Nonetheless, previous research has not investigated these complicated relationships. This paper seeks to examine the mediating impact of nonfinancial performance on the association between the audit committee independence and f...

  12. Analysis of The Jilting of Granny Weatherall--Apply the Artistic Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱慧

    2013-01-01

    The Jilting of Granny Weatherall, the superlative works of Katherine Anne Porter of America, presented the situation of the protagonist——Granny towards the end of her life. The novel seemed casual and random. However, with a certain artistic appreciation, it’ s easier to find that the whole novel is arranged with luxuriating artistic method and sophisticated skill.

  13. On Lee Smolin's The Trouble with Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Auffray, Jean-Paul

    2007-01-01

    Lee Smolin's casual accounting of special and general relativity in The Trouble with Physics raises an interesting question: is it possible to develop a legitimate argument concerning string theories starting from a shaky basis? This is apparently what Lee Smolin succeeded in doing when he wrote The Trouble with Physics. The book's shortcomings are nevertheless troublesome.

  14. Satisfying Friendship Maintenance Expectations: The Role of Friendship Standards and Biological Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jeffrey A.; Larson, Kiley A.; Watts, Amber

    2011-01-01

    The ideal standards model predicts linear relationship among friendship standards, expectation fulfillment, and relationship satisfaction. Using a diary method, 197 participants reported on expectation fulfillment in interactions with one best, one close, and one casual friend (N = 591) over five days (2,388 interactions). Using multilevel…

  15. Sexual risk behavior and type of sexual partners in transnational indigenous migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero-Hoyos, Ramiro; Villaseñor-Sierra, Alberto; Millán-Guerrero, Rebeca; Trujillo-Hernández, Benjamín; Monárrez-Espino, Joel

    2013-06-01

    Indigenous migrant workers (IMWs) have a high vulnerability to HIV and STDs due to poverty and marginalization. This study examined factors associated with sexual risk behavior (SRB) according to type of partner in transnational young male IMWs at a sugar cane agro-industrial complex in western Mexico. A total of 192 sexually active IMWs were recruited from four laborer shelters to participate in a sexual partner survey. The IMWs were interviewed about their sexual partners and practices over the last 12 months during which it emerged that they had had a total of 360 sexual partners. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors related to SRB in 222 main (spouse, mistress and girlfriend) and 138 casual partners (colleague, friend, casual encounter and sex worker). Results showed a significantly higher SRB score with casual partners. For the main partner regression model, prior exposure to HIV- and STD-preventive information and sexual intercourse with higher employment status partners (formal workers vs. self-employed in informal activities and unemployed) were associated with lower SRB scores, but if the sexual relations occurred in Mexico (vs. the U.S.), the SRB scores increased. For the casual partner model, the practice of survival sex (sex in exchange for basic needs), sexual relations in Mexico (vs. the U.S.), and being a circular migrant (person traveling for temporary work to return home when the contract is over) were related to higher SRB scores. Findings support the implementation of preventive interventions using different messages depending on the type of partners, main or casual, within the labor migrant context. PMID:22851155

  16. Self-interest and pro-environmental behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Laurel; Maio, Gregory R.; Corner, Adam; Hodgetts, Carl J.; Ahmed, Sameera; Hahn, Ulrike

    2013-02-01

    Inspired by the principles used to market physical products, campaigns to promote pro-environmental behaviour have increasingly emphasized self-interested (for example, economic) reasons for engaging with a self-transcendent cause (that is, protecting the environment). Yet, psychological evidence about values and behaviour suggests that giving self-interested reasons, rather than self-transcending reasons, to carry out a self-transcending action should be ineffective at increasing self-transcending behaviour more generally. In other words, such a campaign may fail to cause spillover, or an increase in other, different environmental behaviours. Here we show that recycling rates are dependent on the information participants receive about a separate environmental behaviour, car-sharing (carpooling in the USA). In two experiments, we found that recycling was significantly higher than control when participants received environmental information about car-sharing, but was no different from control when they received financial information or (in experiment 2) received both financial and environmental information. Our results suggest that, congruent with value theory, positive spillover from one environmental message to another behaviour (car-sharing to recycling) may occur primarily when self-transcending reasons alone are made salient.

  17. Saving oil in a hurry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none

    2005-07-01

    During 2004, oil prices reached levels unprecedented in recent years. Though world oil markets remain adequately supplied, high oil prices do reflect increasingly uncertain conditions. Many IEA member countries and non-member countries alike are looking for ways to improve their capability to handle market volatility and possible supply disruptions in the future. This book aims to provide assistance. It provides a new, quantitative assessment of the potential oil savings and costs of rapid oil demand restraint measures for transport. Some measures may make sense under any circumstances; others are primarily useful in emergency situations. All can be implemented on short notice ? if governments are prepared. The book examines potential approaches for rapid uptake of telecommuting, ?ecodriving?, and car-pooling, among other measures. It also provides methodologies and data that policymakers can use to decide which measures would be best adapted to their national circumstances. This ?tool box? may help countries to complement other measures for coping with supply disruptions, such as use of strategic oil stocks.

  18. Choice of an Optimal Management Strategy of Transport Demand Using Multi-Criteria Analysis: City of Zagreb Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljupko Šimunović

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available After initial enthusiasm by motor vehicles, society is lately increasingly noticing their shortcomings. Traffic problems caused by excessive use of cars, still represent a very serious and widespread problem, particularly in cities. Public opinion expresses dissatisfaction with the quality of the environment and traffic conditions. As the most important demand, the demand for human health stands out in the first place, and, consequently, the demand for sustainable transport development. The fact that the EU is involved in solving traffic problems by means of various directives and scientific research projects, points out the seriousness of the problem. Two solutions which are mainly used for solving traffic problems in cities are the construction or extension of existing transport infrastructure and traffic demand management (TDM. Traffic demand management is a new paradigm, which aims at reducing or transforming of traffic demand through reduction of unnecessary drives by cars and improvement of more efficient, healthier and, above all, cleaner forms of public and non-motorized transport. There is a whole range of methods for traffic demand management, such as Park & Ride system, carpooling, carsharing, priority for the vehicles with specified number of passenger – HOV, teleworking, congestion charging, charging for use of road infrastructure, bicycling infrastructure improvement, etc. The topic of the work focuses on the choice of optimal traffic demand management strategies in the city of Zagreb using multi-criteria analysis.

  19. Take part in the Commute-Another-Way Challenge!

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    Ring the changes on Thursday, 4 June by commuting another way! CERN has signed up for the 5th “challenge mobilité Rhône-Alpes”, the aim of which is to encourage people to use modes of transport other than their car to get to work. Are you up for the challenge?   Join in the challenge! Sign up using the dedicated CERN form. "Commute another way!" is an initiative launched by the Rhône-Alpes regional authorities and the French environment agency ADEME (l’Agence de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie française) to promote alternative ways of travelling to work than the car (excluding carpooling), in private and public-sector organisations across the region. We love this idea and CERN has been signed up to a similar scheme - Bike to Work - for several years. That’s why we’ve decided that CERN should join the Commute-A...

  20. Not used to public transport any longer. A study about transport service based on needs and requirements in Siljansnaes; Man har vant sig av med kollektivtrafik. En studie om transportservice baserad paa behov och vanor i Siljansnaes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warsen, Lisa

    2000-05-01

    The goal of the transport policy is that every citizen shall have a transport service on a reasonable level. In sparsely populated areas the public transport service is on a low level and many groups without a private car will have small possibilities to travel to different activities. Siljansnaes, with nearly 2000 citizens, is a small region in the community Leksand in Dalarna where the transport problem have been more tangible. The aim of this project has been to create a transport system more based on the needs and requirements. Also the people who lives in Siljansnaes in their leisure times are a part in the project. They are almost as many as the permanent living ones. The result also has been built on the goal of a higher care of the environment. The transport solution contains; village-bus, car-pooling, changed price system for public transport, but also a partnership between the citizens, the community and the regional transport company (Dalatrafik). The project as a process has the goal that the people in Siljansnaes should take part of the solution and the responsibility for the operation of the system.

  1. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN PENGEMBANGAN ANGKUTAN KHUSUS KARYAWAN PADA PUSAT PEMERINTAHAN KOTA DENPASAR DI LUMINTANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Pt. Emmy Oktariani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : Employee transportation service is one of the traffic management method that imitate carpooling system which can decrease the used of private vehicle  that being use towards the centers of activity with employee transportation services. The purpose of this research are to analyze socio – economic characteristic, operational system, vehicle operating cost and cost reduction. This research was conducted in Lumintang Denpasar. The method that was used in this research include field survey such us questionnaire spreading to the respondent and also doing a direct interview to the related parties. Result of the analysis indicated that the majority of employee’s (88,47% used motorcycle with average travel distance of 5 km’s, 4 employee transportation routes were planned with time cycle between 23 to 58 minutes , headway between 2 to 10 minutes and employee transportation operational cost is between Rp.252.531 to Rp.270.241 every day. operational expense saving with total Rp. 8110.332.019 and fuel saving as much as 6.624 liters a year

  2. Sustainable Mobility System – a Challenge for Kaunas University of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žaneta Stasiškienė

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays more and more universities include sustainability into their strategies and intergrate this concept into their activities. Kaunas University of Technology (KTU seeks to gain the status of a sustainable university, therefore, in addition to already common ranges of sustainable management of waste, efficient consumption of water and energy, the importance of the transport sector impact on sustainability is continuously increasing. Based on the mentioned above and analyzing good practices of other EU universities, an attempt to develop sustainable mobility system platform for KTU has been made.Evaluation is done on the KTU current situation, safety of traffic, pollution and noise from cars and other aspects. Also, there is a review of communication by public transport, bicycles and on foot. KTU sustainable mobility system, based on other sustainable universities good practices, is provided. The suggested KTU sustainable mobility system focuses on private cars reduction, public transport, car-pooling, car sharing, cycling and encouragement to walking.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.64.2.3155

  3. Local-scale analysis of carbon mitigation strategies: Tompkins County, New York, USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The costs and potential for several carbon mitigation options were analyzed for Tompkins County, NY, within several categories: terrestrial carbon sequestration, local power generation, transportation, and energy end-use efficiency. The total county emissions are about 340 Gg C/year, with current biomass sequestration rates of about 121 Gg C/year. The potential for mitigation with the options examined, assuming full market penetration, amounts to at least 234 Gg C/year (69%), with 100 Gg C/year (29%) at no net cost to the consumer. Effective carbon mitigation strategies for this county based on costs per mg carbon and maximum potential include reforestation of abandoned agricultural lands for terrestrial carbon sequestration, biomass production for residential heating and co-firing in coal power plants, changes in personal behavior related to transportation (e.g., carpooling or using public transportation), installation of numerous residential energy-efficient products and development of local wind power. The principal barriers to the implementation of these approaches are discussed and policies for overcoming these barriers are analyzed

  4. Evaluation of the State Energy Conservation Program from program initiation to September 1978. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heller, James N.; Grossmann, John R.; Shochet, Susan; Bresler, Joel; Duggan, Noreene

    1980-03-01

    The State Energy Conservation Program was established in 1975 to promote energy conservation and to help states develop and implement their own conservation programs. Base (5) and supplemental (3) programs required states to implement programs including: mandatory thermal-efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings; mandatory lighting efficiency standards for public buildings; mandatory standards and policies affecting the procurement practices of the state and its political subdivisions; program measures to promote the availability and use of carpools, vanpools, and public transportation; a traffic law or regulation which permits a right turn-on-red; and procedures to carry out a continuing public education effort to increase awareness of energy conservation; procedures which promote effective coordination among local, state, and Federal energy conservation programs; and procedures for carrying out energy audits on buildings and industrial plants. All 50 states and Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the District of Columbia participated in the program. The total 1980 energy savings projected by the states is about 5.9 quadrillion Btu's or about 7% of the DOE projected 1980 baseline consumption of just under 83 quads. The detailed summary is presented on the following: information the SECP evaluation; DOE response to the SECP; DOE's role in the program management process; the effectiveness of the states in managing the SECP; the status of program measure implementation; innovative state energy conservation programs; and the evaluation methodology.

  5. Orientação para aplicação de sais de ferro, em gestantes, segundo o uso de curva operacional de hemoglobina ("Curva de uma grama" The use of an hemoglobin operational curve ("One gram curve" for the iron therapy of pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyro Ciari Jr.

    1973-12-01

    Full Text Available Através das dosagens de hemoglobina realizadas em várias épocas da gravidez, em 553 gestantes, retiradas por amostragem casual simples de um universo de 8120 gestantes no período de 1947 a 1971, testou-se a aplicabilidade da curva de hemoglobina e sua importância em relação ao diagnóstico, conduta e controle do tratamento de pacientes com anemia ferropriva.Through hemoglobin determinations carried out in several phases of pregnancy, in 553 pregnant women casually chosen out of a number of 8120 within the period of 1947 to 1971, it was tested the feasibility of the hemoglobin curve previously constructed and its importance regarding diagnosis and control of treatment in patients with iron deficiency anemia.

  6. What motivates the sexual double standard? More support for male versus female control theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Laurie A; Fetterolf, Janell C; Sanchez, Diana T

    2013-02-01

    The present research uniquely compared male control theory (MCT) versus female control theory (FCT) to illuminate motives for the sexual double standard (SDS), whereby men gain status from engaging in casual sex or having many sexual partners, but women are stigmatized for it. Consistent with MCT, men were more likely than women to endorse the SDS and to give sexual advice in ways that reinforce it-gender differences that were mediated by hostile sexism (HS) and endorsing the SDS, respectively. The data did not support FCT's argument that women are motivated by sexual economics to restrict female sexuality (Baumeister & Twenge, 2002). Both genders discouraged women from having casual sex to protect women from social stigma and rape myths that justify violence against sexual women. In concert, the findings support MCT more than FCT and suggest that sexism, stigma, and rape myths are primary obstacles to sexual equality. PMID:23386660

  7. The Development Process of the Semantic Web and Web Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Vanitha

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the semantic web and web ontology. The existing ontology development processes are not catered towards casual web ontology development, a notion analogous to standard web page development. Ontologies have become common on the World-Wide Web[2]. Key features of this process include easy and rapid creation of ontological skeletons, searching and linking to existing ontologies and a natural language-based technique to improve presentation of ontologies[6]. Ontologies, however, vary greatly in size, scope and semantics. They can range from generic upper-level ontologies to domain-specific schemas. The success of the Semantic Web is based on the existance of numerous distributed ontologies, using which users can annotate their data, thereby enabling shared machine readable content. This paper elaborates the stages in a casual ontology development process.

  8. El prejuicio étnico en el discurso de la prensa. El caso "Mapuchstock"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Eugenia Merino D.

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available A través del análisis crítico del discurso de un texto periodístico se muestra cómo la elite simbólica de nuestro país realiza prácticas discriminatorias hacia los mapuches, lo que se evidencia en el uso de tres estrategias discursivas como son la intertextualidad, la ilusión de la conversación casual para estrechar la brecha entre discurso institucional y lector, y la estrategia de personalización. (The critical discourse analysis of a newspaper text shows how the symbolicelites in Chile perform an underlying discrimination against the "mapuches" by means of its institutional discourse practices. This is shown in its style which makes use of discourse strategies such as intertextuality, the illusion of casual conversation to narrow the gap between institutional discourse and the reader, and the strategy of personalization.

  9. Cross-cultural differences in the refusal to accept a small gift: the differential influence of reciprocity norms on Asians and North Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Hao; Wan, Fang; Wyer, Robert S

    2011-02-01

    Asians are more likely than North Americans to refuse a small gift that is offered to them by a casual acquaintance. Five experiments confirmed this difference and explored the reasons for its occurrence. Asians, who are inclined to think of themselves in relation to others, are more likely than North Americans to invoke a reciprocity norm in exchanging gifts with casual acquaintances, and they refuse a gift in order to avoid the feeling of indebtedness they would experience if they cannot reciprocate. North Americans, however, who are inclined to think of themselves independently of others, are more likely to base their acceptance of the gift on its attractiveness without considering their obligation to reciprocate. These cultural differences are not evident when the gift is offered by a close friend with whom individuals have a communal relationship. Implications of our findings for miscommunication between members of different cultures are discussed. PMID:21058870

  10. Friends, porn, and punk: sensation seeking in personal relationships, internet activities, and music preference among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskirch, Robert S; Murphy, Laurel C

    2004-01-01

    One hundred thirty-eight college students completed a questionnaire assessing level of sensation seeking, number of close and casual friends, Internet usage, liking certain styles of music, and genre of music listened to most often. It was found that the number of casual and close friends was positively associated with sensation seeking. Individuals who reported using the Internet to get sex-oriented material, download or play music, play games, and chat/instant message with friends in the previous 24 hours had higher levels of sensation seeking. Liking punk, heavy metal, and reggae music were related to higher levels of sensation seeking. Higher sensation seeking was also associated with spending more time listening to punk music. PMID:15563033

  11. Background Predictors and Event-Specific Characteristics of Sexual Aggression Incidents: The Roles of Alcohol and Other Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Kelly Cue; Danube, Cinnamon L; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H

    2015-08-01

    Sexual assault in the United States is an important public health concern. Using prospective longitudinal methods and responses from 217 community men, we examined whether background characteristics predicted subsequent sexual aggression (SA) perpetration during a 3-month follow-up period. We also examined event-specific characteristics of reported SA occurrences. Consistent with predictions, SA perpetration history, aggressive and impulsive personality traits, rape myth attitudes, and alcohol expectancies predicted SA (both non- and alcohol-involved) at follow-up. In addition, alcohol-involved assaults occurred more often with casual (vs. steady) partners but were more likely to involve condom use with casual (vs. steady) partners. Results suggest important avenues for future research and SA prevention efforts. PMID:26048213

  12. Genome position specific priors for genomic prediction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndum, Rasmus Froberg; Su, Guosheng; Lund, Mogens Sandø;

    2012-01-01

    Background The accuracy of genomic prediction is highly dependent on the size of the reference population. For small populations, including information from other populations could improve this accuracy. The usual strategy is to pool data from different populations; however, this has not proven...... as successful as hoped for with distantly related breeds. BayesRS is a novel approach to share information across populations for genomic predictions. The approach allows information to be captured even where the phase of SNP alleles and casual mutation alleles are reversed across populations, or the actual...... casual mutation is different between the populations but affects the same gene. Proportions of a four-distribution mixture for SNP effects in segments of fixed size along the genome are derived from one population and set as location specific prior proportions of distributions of SNP effects...

  13. Does Price or Income Affect Organic Choice? Analysis of U.S. Fresh Produce Users

    OpenAIRE

    Travis A. Smith; Chung L. Huang; Lin, Biing-Hwan

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes consumer purchasing behavior of organic fresh fruits and vegetables using the 2006 Nielsen Homescan panel. An ordered logit model was estimated to quantify the impacts of economic and socio-demographic factors on the probability of a household belonging to a specific organic user group—devoted, casual, or nonuser. Results suggest that price and income, to some extent, affect consumer purchases of organic produce. Additionally, the profile of an organic produce user is mo...

  14. The Kosovo memory book as an example of the recording of war victimisation: Methodology and importance for establishing the facts about the past, collective memory and reconciliation

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolić-Ristanović Vesna; Radovanović Una; Popović Milica

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is the presentation and analysis of the data collection methodology and content of the first volume of the Kosovo Memory Book 1998-2000, as an example of collecting and displaying data of war victimisation from the territory of the former Yugoslavia. Analysis of the Kosovo Memory Book is done in the context of so far development of methodology of data collection about war casualities, with examination of effects that data presented in ...

  15. Clinical case of exudative pleuritis in stallion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A casual exudative pleuritis in 2 years old stallion, Holsteiner breed, has been outlined. The disease is extremely rare in this country. Comprehensive examinations have been made during the period of hospitalization: daily clinical examinations, double renthgenography; regular haematological and biochemical tests; microbiological culture tests with an antibioticogram; laboratory tests of punctate and periodical ultrasound tests. The examinations and tests have been carried out at the Internal Noncontagious Disease Clinic at the Veterinary Faculty of the Thracian University in Stara Zagora

  16. Having on Pineapple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ January 13th, 2007, in CEBU, Philippines, the 12th ASEAN summit- focused attention not only on those Southeast Asian leaders who huddled to tackle burdensome issues of terrorism, free trade, energy security, human rights, but also on a kind of traditional Filipino formal shirt called "barong", an extremely thin hand-woven attire --made from banana and pineapple fiber that provided relief in the tropical heat and lent a casual air to the meetings before its opening.

  17. Accounting for Wage Inequality in India

    OpenAIRE

    Puja Vasudeva Dutta

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the evolution and structure of wage inequality among adult male workers engaged in regular and casual wage employment in India during a period of radical economic change. The analysis exploits data from nationally representative employment surveys and uses decomposition techniques to examine the role played by educational achievement and industry affiliation. This paper finds that there are striking differences for the two groups of workers. Wage inequality rose betwee...

  18. Changes in Human Immunodeficiency Virusrelated Knowledge and Stigmatizing Attitudes among Korean Adolescents from 2006 to 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Sohn, Aeree; Park, SungBok

    2012-01-01

    Objectives This study assessed the prevalence and changes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes in 2006, 2008, and 2011. Methods Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2006, 2008, and 2011. A cross-sectional sample of high school students in Seoul, South Korea was targeted. A self-administered questionnaire measuring general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used. Results Misconceptions about casual contact were widespread, even th...

  19. Pengaruh Modal Kerja dan Investasi Aktiva Tetap Terhadap Profitabilitas Pada Perusahaan Food and Beverage yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Simamora, Andry

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to empirically study the effect of Working Capital and Fixed Asset investment on Operating Profit Margin (OPM). This research is classified as casual research and replication of former researches. Population of this research are food and beverage on BEI during the period of 2007 to 2010. The samples are obtained by using purposive sampling method. As the result, from 16 food and beverage, 16 are used as the samples of this study. The statistic method be...

  20. Pengaruh Modal Kerja Dan Investasi Aktiva Tetap Terhadap Profitabilitas Pada Perusahaan Grosir Dan Eceran Yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Aswin

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to empirically study the effect of Working Capital and Fixed Asset investment on Operating Profit Margin (OPM). This research is classified as casual research and replication of former researches. Population of this research are Wholesale and Retail on BEI during the period of 2008 to 2011. The samples are obtained by using purposive sampling method. As the result, from 16 food and beverage, 16 are used as the samples of this study. The statistic method...

  1. Inhibition of protein kinase C intracerebroventricularly attenuates sensitization

    OpenAIRE

    Mrowczynski, Oliver Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Drug relapse, mediated by drug-associated memories, is a major problem associated with addiction. Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of protein kinase enzymes that has been implicated in learning and memory with regards to addiction. This study used a PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine (10nmol), to investigate the effects of blocking PKC throughout the brain on addiction related memories. Cocaine (15mg/kg) induced locomotor sensitization, used to model the transition from casual to compulsive use, ...

  2. Risk Factors Associated with Early Adolescent Sexual Values and Behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Macbeth, David

    1996-01-01

    adolescent sexual activity and subsequent pregnancy are ii an increasing dilemma facing American society . There appears to be an increase in the incidence of casual sexual activity among adolescents that leads to over 50% of students between grades 9 and 12 having been involved in sexual intercourse. This study examines changes in adolescent sexual attitudes, behaviors, and values in a select population over a 2-year time span. A survey of 548 families with adolescents was used to determine ...

  3. Context of Acceptability of Topical Microbicides: Sexual Relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Koo, Helen P.; Woodsong, Cynthia; Dalberth, Barbara T.; Viswanathan, Meera; Simons-Rudolph, Ashley

    2005-01-01

    Domains central to the effects of sexual relationships on the acceptability of a vaginal protection method were explored in 14 focus groups and 38 in-depth interviews with women and men recruited from a health department’s sexually transmitted infections (STI) and family planning clinics. Findings indicate that acceptability depended on a couple’s relationship type, classified as serious, casual, or “new.” Potential barriers to communication about product use may be overcome through direct or...

  4. The Marketing Strategy Suggestions for Yishion in Jing County

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Haifeng

    2012-01-01

    Yishion in Jing County is a casual apparel franchise store with the fierce competition in clothing marketing in Jing County, a suitable marketing strategy plan for them is enssential. The objective of this thesis was to improve the marketing performance of Yishion in Jing County through given suggestions about building a strong brand and developing marketing strategy according to analysis of competition environment and real marketing situation of Yishion in Jing County. Both quantitative...

  5. Is acute recurrent pancreatitis a chronic disease?

    OpenAIRE

    Mariani, Alberto; Testoni, Pier Alberto

    2008-01-01

    Whether acute recurrent pancreatitis is a chronic disease is still debated and a consensus is not still reached as demonstrated by differences in the classification of acute recurrent pancreatitis. There is major evidence for considering alcoholic pancreatitis as a chronic disease ab initio while chronic pancreatitis lesions detectable in biliary acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) seem a casual association. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutation, hereditary a...

  6. Effect of Chitosan on in vitro development and morphology of two isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. and Sacc.

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Bautista Baños; Mónica Hernández López; Ana Niurka Hernández Lauzardo; José Luis Trejo Espino; Mayra Karina Bautista Cerón; Gloria Elena Melo Giorgana

    2005-01-01

    Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the casual agent of the disease known as anthracnose. This fungus infects a wide range of hosts during the pre and postharvest stages of various horticultural commodities. To date, chitosan a natural biodegradable compound, chitin derivative, has been tested in the control of pathogenic microorganisms. In this research, the fungicidal or fungistatic potential of chitosan with different degrees of polymerization (low, medium and high molecular weight) and conc...

  7. Jak2 Inhibitors are the solution for Myelo Proliferative Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Siva jyothi Bugganaa; Safuara Ayesha mujeeb; Priyanka kuthadi; Swetha Padigela

    2014-01-01

    The recent discovery of JAK2 –activating mutations as a casual event in the majority of patients with Philadelphia chromosome negative (ph-)myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) prompted many pharmaceutical companies to develop JAK2- selective inhibitors for the treatment of MPD’S . JAK2 inhibitors effectively reduce JAK2 driver phosphorylation of signal-transducer and activator of transcription 5,and cell proliferation and cell survival in JAK 2 activated cells in vitro and invivo. The results...

  8. Failure diagnostic expert systems for fast reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of SYSTEME EXPERT is to permit diagnostics of one (or more) casual failure of the ''ultimate resort cooling'' (RUR) (including monitoring or control sensor failures) from data given (or not) by the various sensors or by the classical alarm systems. It comprises the following modules: an interface (in French) for information acquisition with possible suppression of the rules, a demonstrator of SL-resolution type, a data incoherence test an inverse interface for listing the collections

  9. An assessment of medical doctors′ perception of possible interrelationship between oral and general health

    OpenAIRE

    Opeodu, O. I.; Ogunrinde, T.J.; Fasunla, A J

    2014-01-01

    Background: The possibility of some systemic diseases having oral manifestation is well established with the recent discovery that some oral diseases also adversely affect the general health of an individual. The question is, is the relationship casual or causal? Aim: To assess the perception of medical doctors concerning the possible link of oral diseases as causal/confounding factors of systemic diseases. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 250 medical doctors was carried out...

  10. Are flexible contracts bad for workers? Evidence from job satisfaction data

    OpenAIRE

    Green, C.; Heywood, J S

    2007-01-01

    If workers can choose between permanent and flexible contracts, compensating wage differentials should arise to equalize on-the-job utility in the two types of contracts. Estimating job satisfaction using the British Household Panel Survey shows that agency and casual contracts are associated with routinely lower satisfaction. This results because the low job satisfaction associated with less job security is not offset by higher compensation or other job characteristics. Job security is suffi...

  11. Occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, M S

    1985-01-01

    Human occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with varying chlorine content has been reported by several investigators, using analyses of blood or adipose samples or skin wipes to evaluate levels in the body. The intensity of occupational exposure is related to both duration and intensity of exposure. The qualitative nature of occupational exposure, as well as casual environmental exposure, has been shown to consist of less readily metabolized PCB congeners. The pattern of P...

  12. Regulation, trust, and cronyism in Middle Eastern societies: The simple economics of 'wasta'

    OpenAIRE

    Barnett, Andy; Yandle, Bruce; George S. Naufal

    2013-01-01

    Despite being a fixture of everyday life in the Arab world, wasta, which may be thought of as special influence by members of the same group or tribe, has received little attention from social scientists. Our casual empiricism suggests that wasta is an important determinant of how economic activities are organized and resources are allocated in Middle Eastern societies, yet economists, even those who specialize in work related to the Middle East, have not addressed the issue of wasta. With th...

  13. Bioodpady ze zpracování ovoce a zeleniny

    OpenAIRE

    Chadimová, Zuzana

    2012-01-01

    Summary My thesis deal with problems of biodegradable waste which originate from fruit and vegetable treatment, especially possibilities of using it to keep world wide priority like sustainable development. I decided to choose this topic due to relation with casual life. We all produce biological waste. How we dispose with biological waste at home is reflected in decisions at companies. The problems with specific and seemingly safe biodegradable waste come with necessity of handling ...

  14. Tactile Stimulation and Consumer Response.

    OpenAIRE

    Hornik, Jacob

    1992-01-01

    Tactile behavior is a basic communication form as well as an expression of interpersonal involvement. This article presents three studies offering evidence for the positive role of casual interpersonal touch on consumer behavior. More specifically, it provides initial support for the view that tactile stimulation in various consumer behavior situations enhances the positive feeling for and evaluation of both the external stimuli and the touching source. Further, customers touched by a request...

  15. THE ROLE OF INSURANCE COMPANIES IN ALBANIAN ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    FILLORETA MADANI; EVELINA BAZINI

    2013-01-01

    Insurance plays an important role in the financial sector but while there is many research on the casual relationship bank lending and economic growth is often ignored relationship insurance and economic growth. Among financial intermediaries, insurance companies play an important role in carrying out the functions of the financial system. They play an important role through risk management for companies and individuals. Through the issue of insurance policies they collect funds and transfer ...

  16. Use of vermicompost as a substrate for the production of Eucalyptus grandis and Corymbia citriodora seedlings Utilização de vermicomposto como substrato na produção de mudas de Eucalyptus grandis e Corymbia citriodora

    OpenAIRE

    Gerusa Pauli Kist Steffen; Zaida Inês Antoniolli; Ricardo Bemfica Steffen; Gustavo Schiedeck

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the vermicompost efficiency in the seedlings of two eucalyptus species production. The experiment was developed in greenhouse conditions, substrate constituted by different vermicompost proportions and peat for the E. grandis and C. citriodora seedling production. The experimental design was entirely casualized with seven treatments and eight repetitions. After 100 days of experiment were evaluated: seedli...

  17. A study on the relationship between emotional intelligence, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Saman Chehrazi; Mehrdad Hoseini Shakib; Mohammad Hosein Askari Azad

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a casual structure model between emotional intelligence and organizational citizenship behavior by using organizational commitment as mediator variable. The study is accomplished among 324 employees of united bus company in city of Tehran, Iran. Using structural equation modeling, the study has confirmed that emotional intelligence influenced on organizational citizenship behavior and commitment. The study also confirms that organizational commitment influenced on organiza...

  18. Motivational brief intervention for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections in travelers: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berdoz Didier

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexually transmitted infections (STIs are among the frequent risks encountered by travelers. Efficient interventions are needed to improve the understanding of the risks of STIs. We investigated the potential benefits of a motivational brief intervention (BI and the provision of condoms on the engagement in unprotected casual sex. Methods 3-arm randomized controlled trial performed among single travelers aged 18-44 years visiting a travel clinic in Switzerland. The main outcomes were the prevalence of casual unprotected sexual intercourse and their predictors. Results 5148 eligible travelers were seen from 2006 to 2008. 1681 agreed to participate and 1115 subjects (66% completed the study. 184/1115 (17% had a casual sexual relationship abroad and overall 46/1115 (4.1% had inconsistently protected sexual relations. Women (adjusted OR 2.7 [95%CI 1.4-5.6] and travelers with a history of past STI (adjusted OR 2.8 [95%CI 1.1-7.4] had more frequent casual sexual relationships without consistent protection. Regarding the effect of our intervention, the prevalence of subjects using condoms inconsistently was 28% (95%CI16-40 in the motivational BI group, 24% (95%CI10-37 in the condoms group and 24% (95%CI14-33 in the control group (p = 0.7. Conclusion This study showed that a motivational brief intervention and/or the provision of free condoms did not modify risky sexual behavior of young travelers. The rate of inconsistently protected sexual relationships during travel was however lower than expected Trial Registration Number ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01056536

  19. Clinical implication of blood glucose monitoring in general dental offices: the Ehime Dental Diabetes Study

    OpenAIRE

    Harase, Tadahiro; Nishida, Wataru; Hamakawa, Tomohiro; Hino, Satoshi; Shigematsu, Kenji; Kobayashi, Satoru; Sako, Hirofumi; Ito, Shirou; Murakami, Hajime; Nishida, Kei; Inoue, Hiroshi; Fujisawa, Masahito; Yoshizu, Hiroshi; Kawamura, Ryoichi; Takata, Yasunori

    2015-01-01

    Objective We examined whether general dentists can contribute to the detection of patients with undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes by monitoring blood glucose in dental clinics. Research design and methods A total of 716 patients who visited clinics for dental treatment were enrolled and classified into 3 groups (mild, moderate, and severe) according to Kornman's criteria for periodontitis. The correlations between the casual blood glucose level, presence or absence of the history of diabet...

  20. Pengaruh Partisipasi Penyusunan Anggaran Terhadap Kinerja Manajerial di Kabupaten Toba Samosir

    OpenAIRE

    Marpaung, Lodewik

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to determine whether the application of performance-based budgeting is partially affect the financial performance of the Regional Government of Toba Samosir regency. This research method is to use a casual research design, with the number of samples from the 52 respondents surveyed SKPD 26. Types of data used is the primary data and secondary data. The primary data obtained by sending data directly to the respondents' questionnaires and took it back after a period of time has ...

  1. Factors Associated with Men in HIV-negative Gay Couples Who Practiced UAI Within and Outside of Their Relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Jason W.; Petroll, Andrew E.

    2013-01-01

    Despite recent advances in research with gay male couples, less data exists about men who have had UAI within and outside of their HIV-negative seroconcordant relationship. Multilevel modeling with dyadic data from 142 couples was used to identify the characteristics associated with men who have had UAI with both their main partner and a casual MSM partner within the same timeframe. Analyses revealed that men were more likely to have had UAI within and outside of their relationship if they pe...

  2. Invalid Permutation Tests

    OpenAIRE

    Mikel Aickin

    2010-01-01

    Permutation tests are often presented in a rather casual manner, in both introductory and advanced statistics textbooks. The appeal of the cleverness of the procedure seems to replace the need for a rigorous argument that it produces valid hypothesis tests. The consequence of this educational failing has been a widespread belief in a “permutation principle”, which is supposed invariably to give tests that are valid by construction, under an absolute minimum of statistical assumpti...

  3. El ciudadano del capitalismo contemporáneo. Una caracterización de la alta dirección de las empresas multinacionales.

    OpenAIRE

    Llop, Rubén

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, after identifying and describing the main features of contemporary capitalism (since 1980, approximately, to present, July 2014) and after reflecting on how, given its instrumental rationality, it is capable of aligning means highly efficiently without evaluating the final objectives, in themselves, that the system itself is chasing, we conclude that the conformation, the production of the contemporary citizen, far from casual or natural, responds to the demands and needs that...

  4. Comparing multi-criteria methods for landslide susceptibility mapping in Chania Prefecture, Crete Island, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Kouli, M; C. Loupasakis; P. Soupios; D. Rozos; Vallianatos, F.

    2013-01-01

    In this work, two multi-criteria methods, an expert-based, semi-quantitative, relative weighting – rating approach, the weighted linear combination (WLC) and a quantitative, statistical method, the weights of evidence (WoE) approach were applied for landslide susceptibility zonation mapping in the Chania Prefecture of Crete Island, Greece. Several thematic maps representing various landslide casual factors, such as geological formations, faults proximity, elevation, slope gr...

  5. Behavioural risk factors for HIV/AIDS in a low-HIV prevalence Muslim nation: Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Gibney, L; Choudhury, P.; Khawaja, Z.; Sarker, M.; Vermund, SH

    1999-01-01

    A review of published and unpublished data indicates the prevalence of high-risk behaviours for HIV transmission in segments of the Bangladeshi population. These include casual unprotected sex, heterosexual as well as between males, prior to and after marriage. Intravenous drug use (IVDU) exists though illicit drugs are more commonly inhaled. There is a fear, however, that inhalers may turn to injecting drugs, as is common in neighbouring countries. The lack of public awareness of HIV/AIDS, a...

  6. Linking Supply Chain Strength and Logistics Performance with Sustainable Development:A Country Level Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, Arjun Ramesh

    2010-01-01

    Globalisation - phenomena has not spared any firm, as it promises higher gain. Since the last decade multinational corporations all over the world are concerned about their operations affecting the environment, local social life and also exhaustion of natural resources. Hence countries are more concerned about sustainable development. Sustainable development is defined on two aspects: natural environment and social equity. A study based on casual observation conducted (Hamprecht et.al 2005) ...

  7. A Study of Cancer Patients' Personality Profile and it's Comparison with that of Normal Persons

    OpenAIRE

    M. Imani; Sh. Zeinali; Asvadi Kermani, I.; P. Ashraphian; R Shabanloei

    2010-01-01

    Introduction & Objective: This study compared the personality profile of cancer patients with that of normal persons. The aim was identifying personality traits related to people who suffered from cancer, and helping them to cope with the situation and adjust with life.Materials & Methods: This research was a casual comparative study. For this purpose 100 persons were selected from hematology and oncology center and asked to complete (NEO) personality inventory. Then 94 persons were selecte...

  8. Activité féminine et structures familiales. Quelle dépendance ?

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques Véron

    1988-01-01

    Véron Jacques.? Women's Employment and Family Structure. What are the Relationships ? Studies of women's labour force participation rates by family status and of the lower fertility of employed women, as well as a recognition that the sharply rising number of employed women has been accompanied by changes in family structure, suggest that there is a casual relationship between women's labour market behaviour and their attitudes to marriage and the family. However, this conclusion can be shown...

  9. La visión del Catecismo en la obra de Unamuno

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz-Peterson, Rosendo

    1994-01-01

    La visión y el rechazo del catecismo en don Miguel de Unamuno no es un tema casual de sus artículos y ensayos, sino que se extiende a toda su obra en la que representa aspectos fundamentales. Y en esto no excluimos sus novelas en las que también tiene mucho que ver con la estructura de las mismas.

  10. Cross cultural influences on female apparel selection : a comparison of Norway and Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Talha, Sanaa

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate and compare the impacts rendered on the consumer choices and selection behavior cross culturally, specifically for the casual wear among well educated female consumers of Norway and Pakistan. The criteria used were based on the several cultural traits recognized as well as clothing values. The clothing values are basically the meaning or the types of associations a consumer form with the selective clothes. Clothing is a very integral ...

  11. EXAMINING HIGHER EDUCATION-COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS THROUGH HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    MESUT AKDERE; TOBY EGAN

    2013-01-01

    Higher education and community partnerships have transitioned from casual relationships to more of a mandate with the advancements in technology and globalization. The result of this large-scale change has led to an increase in these efforts, but the relationships are still emerging. Using survey research and the human resource development (HRD) perspective, we explore higher education and community partnerships, assesses their challenges, and discusses potential contributions of such partner...

  12. Relationship Type and Sexual Precedence: Their Associations With Characteristics of Sexual Assault Perpetrators and Incidents

    OpenAIRE

    Wegner, Rhiana; Pierce, Jennifer; Abbey, Antonia

    2014-01-01

    Although most sexual assaults are committed by men who know their victims, few researchers have considered how characteristics of perpetrators and incidents differ depending on the victim–perpetrator relationship. This study addresses this gap with a community sample of 204 men who reported committing a sexually aggressive act in an audio computer-assisted self-interview. 2 (Relationship Type: Committed vs. Casual) × 2 (Sexual Precedence: Yes vs. No) ANOVAs revealed significant main effects o...

  13. Risk factors of breast cancer in Mexican women Factores de riesco de cáncer de mama en mujeres mexicanas

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Laura Calderón-Garcidueñas; Franklin Uriel Parás-Barrientos; Lilia Cárdenas-Ibarra; Juan Francisco González-Guerrero; Enrique Villarreal-Ríos; Tamara Staines-Boone; Hugo A. Barrera-Saldaña

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between family history (FH) of neoplasia, gyneco-obstetric factors and breast cancer (BC) in a case--control study. In cases, to analyze those variables in relation with early onset of BC, the manner of detection (self-examination, prompted by pain, or casual), the size of tumor, and the elapsed time to seek medical attention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 151 prevalent BC cases and 235 age-matched controls were analyzed by multiple logistic regress...

  14. Gravitational Wave in Lorentz Violating Gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By making use of the weak gravitational field approximation, we obtain a linearized solution of the gravitational vacuum field equation in an anisotropic spacetime. The plane-wave solution and dispersion relation of gravitational wave is presented explicitly. There is possibility that the speed of gravitational wave is larger than the speed of light and the casuality still holds. We show that the energy-momentum of gravitational wave in the ansiotropic spacetime is still well defined and conserved. (general)

  15. CURBSIDE CONSULTATION IN FRACTURE MANAGEMENT: 49 CLINICAL QUESTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Virkus, Walter W.

    2008-01-01

    DESCRIPTION: A user-friendly, unique resource for the treatment of fractures designed in a casual questions and answers format which provides basic knowledge, current information and evidence based expert advices enhanced by images and diagrams and supported by ref-erences.PURPOSE: Designing this book the editor has aimed to prepare not only a source of current knowledge and opin-ions by experienced authors in fracture management for decision making in daily practice but also a brief refer-en...

  16. Android Hypovisors: Securing Mobile Devices through High-Performance, Light-Weight, Subsystem Isolation with Integrity Checking and Auditing Capabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Krishnan, Neelima

    2014-01-01

    The cellphone turned 40 years old in 2013, and its evolution has been phenomenal in these 40 years. Its name has evolved from "cellphone" to "mobile phone" and "smartphone" to "mobile device."] Its transformation has been multi-dimensional in size, functionality, application, and the like. This transformation has allowed the mobile device to be utilized for casual use, personal use, and enterprise use. Usage is further driven by the availability of an enormous number of useful applications fo...

  17. HR PRACTICES, EMPLOYEE BEHAVIOR, CUSTOMER SATISFACTION, AND RESTAURANT PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Smela, Stephen J.

    2002-01-01

    This paper looks at performance at the individual restaurant level from the perspective of management, customers and employees. The results are based on surveys of each of these three groups conducted between June and September 2001 at a sit-down, casual restaurant chain. There are several key findings. Service-related employee training and giving staff a say in making decisions improves customer satisfaction and loyalty. How employees perceive the service climate in their restaurant is a bet...

  18. Road Density and Levels of Development in West Bengal

    OpenAIRE

    Shamshad; Dr. Jabir Hasan Khan

    2012-01-01

    The present paper is an attempt to analyse the spatial patterns of road density, variations in the level of development and casual relationship between road density (dependent variable) and selected variables of socio-economic development (independent variables) among the districts of the state of West Bengal. The entire research work is based on secondary sources of data, collected from Census of India publications (2001), New Delhi and Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, West Bengal...

  19. A Vocabulary Analysis of the Restaurant Menus

    OpenAIRE

    MIHUT Silvia

    2010-01-01

    The present paper explores the genre of restaurant menus by analyzing existing online lists of breakfast, lunch and dinner options. It shows that a menu is a reflection of the restaurant itself and its vocabulary, whether formal, casual or playful, matches the restaurant concept, location or theme. In addition to providing the food and drink items, menus can also be used to offer other information to the customers. The restaurant menu vocabulary describes the owner/chef's philosophy about foo...

  20. Investigation on Restaurant Layout Design

    OpenAIRE

    Malekshahi, Armita

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Expanding the wind mind of pleasure, comfort is court at its edge. Therefore, a successful implemented layout design could be a breaking point. For a restaurant to accommodate both the customers and associates, the layout design should be given a topmost priority. Layout design for any restaurant makes accomplishment of task efficient for both front and back of the house. Categorically, there are five types of restaurants which can be differentiated as Casual dining, family style, ...

  1. Crucial Issues in the Applied Analysis of Verbal Behavior: Reflections on Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When the Stakes Are High

    OpenAIRE

    Critchfield, Thomas S

    2010-01-01

    A popular-press self-help manual is reviewed with an eye toward two issues. First, the popularity of such books documents the existence of considerable demand for technologies that address the everyday problems (in the present case, troublesome conversations) of nondisordered individuals. Second, many ideas invoked in popular-press books may be interpretable within an analysis of verbal behavior, although much more than casual translation is required to develop technologies that outperform se...

  2. Logistics Infrastructure and the International Location of Fragmented Production

    OpenAIRE

    Blyde, Juan; Molina, Danielken

    2013-01-01

    Casual evidence suggests that multinational companies increasingly look for places with adequate transport and logistics infrastructure to locate affiliates that participate in cross-border production sharing. Yet, there are no systematic empirical analyses examining how logistics infrastructure interacts with the location decisions made by multinationals. Most studies on the determinants of FDI address the issue of transportation-logistics by examining the impact of distance on the relevant ...

  3. Globalization Measurement: Notes on Common Globalization Indexes

    OpenAIRE

    SAMIMI, Parisa; Guan Choo LIM; Abdul Aziz BUANG

    2011-01-01

    Globalization is a broad concept casually used to describe a variety of phenomena that reflect increased economic, social and political interdependence of countries. Despite the increasing awareness on globalization, it is interesting to note that there is no any universally accepted definition and there is no standard measurement for globalization. Along with the growing number of countries participating in globalized world, there have been increasing concerns related to the globalization an...

  4. INNOVATIONS OF “E-TEACHING TIES” ON LEARNER PERFORMANCE AND FACULTY DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Koichi Nakajima

    2013-01-01

    In Japan we face the serious problem of students’ declined learning performance and lack of intellectual motivation. Many universities have heavily invested in Information Technology (IT) such as e-Learning, e-Portfolio, mobile learning, social media, and cloud computing to motivate students and engage in more proactive learning. However, casual observation suggests that the use of IT remains limited and that its effect seems mixed as a solution to the problems. One of the reasons for its lac...

  5. DEFINITION OF THE ETIOLOGIC SPECTRUM OF ACUTE ALLERGOSIS, URTICARIA IN CHILDREN, ACCORDING TO AGE AND SEX USING NOMOGRAPHIC METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shmulich V.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergytestings of 186 children suffering from acute allergy, urticaria. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according toAnnals of which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it`s defined causally significant allergen.

  6. FEATURES OF ETIOLOGIC SPECTRUM OF ALERGIC RINITY FOR CHILDREN DEPENDING ON SEX AND AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asheulov OM

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergy testings of children suffering from alergic rinity. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according to which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it is possible to define causally significant allergen.

  7. Gender moderates the relationship between impulsivity and sexual risk-taking in a cocaine-using psychiatric outpatient population

    OpenAIRE

    Black, Anne C.; McMahon, Thomas J.; Potenza, Marc N.; Fiellin, Lynn E.; Rosen, Marc I.

    2014-01-01

    Adults who abuse substances are at increased risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Within this population, sexual risk behaviors have been associated with increased impulsivity. Studies in non-clinical populations showing gender-related differences in sexual decision-making and casual sexual partnering suggest impulsivity has a greater influence on men than women, but these differences have not been documented in substance-using patients. In a sample of 89 adult...

  8. Corporate culture and shareholder value in banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Carretta, Alessandro; Farina, Vincenzo; Fiordelisi, Franco; Schwizer, Paola

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyses the casual relationship between corporate culture and shareholder value using a sample of large banks in the French, German, Italian and U.K. banking systems over the 2000 to 2003 period. Firstly, we measure shareholder value using an Economic Value Added estimated through a procedure tailored to account for banking peculiarities. Secondly, we measure corporate culture using language as its particular artifact and developing a cultural survey based on the application of a ...

  9. Gates, Hired Guns and Mistrust - Business Unusual : The Cost of Crime and Violence to Businesses in Papua New Guinea

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhani, Sadaf; Alys M. Willman

    2014-01-01

    High levels of crime and violence are widely viewed as a critical constraint to development in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The most casual discussion on the topic inevitably elicits stories of personal experiences of victimization, or those of friends or family. Reports of violent incidents appear in the media on a daily basis. Despite 10 years of strong economic growth, with an increase in GD...

  10. Further Tests of Abortion and Crime

    OpenAIRE

    Ted Joyce

    2004-01-01

    The inverse relationship between abortion and crime has spurred new research and much controversy. If the relationship is causal, then polices that increased abortion have generated enormous external benefits from reduced crime. In previous papers, I argued that evidence for a casual relationship is weak and incomplete. In this paper, I conduct a number of new analyses intended to address criticisms of my earlier work. First, I examine closely the effects of changes in abortion rates between ...

  11. Non-Standard Workers: The South African Context, International Law and Regulation by The European Union

    OpenAIRE

    ES Fourie

    2008-01-01

    The current labour market has many forms of employment relations that differ from full-time employment. "Atypical," "non-standard," or even "marginal" are terms used to describe these new workers and include, amongst others, part-time work, contract work, self-employment, temporary, fixed-term, seasonal, casual, piece-rate work, employees supplied by employment agencies, home workers and those employed in the informal economy. These workers are often paid for results rather than time. Their v...

  12. Contributo alla conoscenza della biologia delle infestanti delle colture della Sardegna nord-occidentale: 1. censimento delle specie esotiche della Sardegna

    OpenAIRE

    Viegi, Lucia

    1993-01-01

    Examining literature references and analysing all the specimens preserved in the main herbaria of Sardinia and Tuscany, at present 184 aliens are to be listed in this region, 29 of them as naturalised, 16 as casuals, 8 as uncertain and 131 as escaped from cultivation. According with previous papers, a card for each species, with reference to specific name, origin, ecology, distribution in Italy and in Sardinia provinces is provided. A particular attention is ma de at weeds - that are 55...

  13. Comparative study of closely related \\kur{Asteraceae} species with different invasive status

    OpenAIRE

    ŠAFARČÍKOVÁ, Simona

    2008-01-01

    Complex of 4 closely related Asteraceae species with different invasive status (native Bidens tripartita, casual aliens Cosmos bipinnatus, Coreopis tinctoria and invasive alien Bidens frondosa) was studied to clarify the invasive success of Bidens frondosa and to assess the invasive potential of both unsuccessful aliens. Among studied characteristics were included: reproductive traits (germination in different regimes, seed viability and seed production), growth characteristics (relative grow...

  14. JASPAR, the open access database of transcription factor-binding profiles: new content and tools in the 2008 update

    OpenAIRE

    Bryne, Jan Christian; Valen, Eivind; Tang, Man-Hung Eric; Marstrand, Troels; Winther, Ole; da Piedade, Isabelle; Krogh, Anders; Lenhard, Boris; Sandelin, Albin

    2007-01-01

    JASPAR is a popular open-access database for matrix models describing DNA-binding preferences for transcription factors and other DNA patterns. With its third major release, JASPAR has been expanded and equipped with additional functions aimed at both casual and power users. The heart of the JASPAR database—the JASPAR CORE sub-database—has increased by 12% in size, and three new specialized sub-databases have been added. New functions include clustering of matrix models by similarity, generat...

  15. “I’m Your Number One Fan”— A Clinical Look at Celebrity Worship

    OpenAIRE

    Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

    2014-01-01

    Celebrity worship—is it more than just being a casual fan? To explore this question, a number of scales have been developed to assess celebrity adulation. The most prevalent scale of this type in the literature is the Celebrity Attitudes Scale. Using these types of scales, investigators have examined various college-student and community samples. Findings reveal that individuals with high scores on celebrity-worship scales tend to display a number of psychosocial characteristics. For example,...

  16. The iron crafts of the Swahili from the perspective of historical semantics

    OpenAIRE

    Klein-Arendt, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    To this day research in pre-colonial Swahili history has only taken casual notice of the role of Swahili crafts. This applies in particular to blacksmithing and iron smelting. Probably iron smelting were among the driving factors of cultural contact and of the development of economical structures on the Swahili Coast. Kusimba postulates that metallurgy played an important role for cultural change within Swahili polities. Foreign trade in iron products to other parts of the Indian Ocean fos...

  17. EU enlargement and immigration

    OpenAIRE

    Kraus, Margit; Schwager, Robert

    2000-01-01

    This paper assesses the consequences of EU enlargement for East West migration. In the theoretical part, we identify several factors in addition to the reduction of moving costs by which EU membership influences migration. Specifically, EU accession affects income gaps. Moreover, if EU membership is refused, fear of future restrictions on immigration will lead to increased current migration. Additionally, casual evidence from the 1980s EU South enlargement is examined. Since then no increases...

  18. HOW EDUCATION AND TRAINING SKILLS AFFECT THE ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    Ajay M. Bhamare

    2015-01-01

    Instruction, professional preparing and long lasting learning are focal mainstays of employability, occupation of laborers and maintainable undertaking improvement inside the Decent Work Agenda, and in this way add to attaining to the Millennium Development Goals to decrease neediness. Abilities improvement is enter in empowering a manageable advancement prepare and can make a commitment to encouraging the move from the casual to the formal economy

  19. Temporary jobs in Ireland: does class influence job quality?

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Layte; Philip O'Connell; Helen Russell

    2008-01-01

    Fixed term and casual employment have become increasingly common in OECD countries in the last decade. Research suggests that non-permanent contracts are associated with lower job quality. This paper examines differentials in three indicators of job quality in Ireland: hourly wage, probability of training and level of autonomy. The paper also examines four hypotheses on job quality derived from transaction cost and insider-outsider theories which suggest an important interaction between socia...

  20. Pharmacogenetics : the science of predictive clinical pharmacology

    OpenAIRE

    Fenech, Anthony G; Grech, Godfrey

    2014-01-01

    The study of pharmacogenetics has expanded from what were initially casual family-based clinical drug response observations, to a fully-fledged science with direct therapeutic applications, all within a time-span of less than 60 years. A wide spectrum of polymorphisms, located within several genes, are now recognised to influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the majority of drugs within our therapeutic armamentarium. This information forms the basis for the new development of ...

  1. Solitary pulmonary nodule: medical approach and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Montes-Farah Juan Manuel; Ojeda-Rodríguez Kelman Hanael; Segovia-Fuentes Javier Ignacio; Henao-Castrillón Julio César

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: the detection of the solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is usually casual.Benign injuries must be differentiated from malignant injuries to establish the adequatemedical monitoring and therapeutic interventions.Objective: to check the current condition of the diagnosis and treatment of SPN.Methods: databases PubMed, Science Direct, OvidSP, EBSCOhost and Scielo werereviewed. The search included systematic reviews, meta-analysis, guidelines, consensusand reviews with keywords got fro...

  2. PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR A SPORTS PERSON: A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Kumudlata Singh; Sandeep Sharma

    2015-01-01

    Sports is all forms of usually competitive physical activity which, through casual or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing entertainment to participants, and in some cases, spectators. Sport participation can contribute to the development of social skills and self esteem, emotional well-being, social connectedness, and lead to a reduction in stress and improved mental health (Steptoe & Butler, 1996; Bailey, 2006; Asztalos e...

  3. Ocular effects of acute ingestion of Cola nitida(Linn) on healthy adult volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    S. A. Igwe; D. N. Akunyili; E. U. Ikonne

    2007-01-01

    Cola nitida Linn (Sterculiaceae) is an economic plant widely distributed throughout West Africa and possibly other parts of Africa.Members are malvalves because of their lobular nature. Because of its ubiquity, the plant plays an important role in commerce, and in social activities where it is casually eaten without prescription or restriction. The ethnopharmacological effects of bolus ingestion of 30g of Cola nitida was investigated on visually acute and healthy volunteers in order to determ...

  4. Maintenance and the Home Equity of the Elderly

    OpenAIRE

    Davidoff, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    Economists have puzzled over the apparent failure of older homeowners to cash out home equity. Casual observation, however, suggests that older homeowners undermaintain their homes. Estimated home equity reduction may thus be biased downward if self-reported home values do not incorporate the market's view of the state of repair. American Housing Survey data show that homeowners over 75 spend approximately $270 less per year on routine home maintenance than younger owners of similar homes and...

  5. Detection of DNA specific sequences of Spongospora subterranea in soil and potato tubers

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian Oswaldo Saavedra Rodríguez; Sandra Janeth Gómez González; Jorge Evelio Ángel Díaz

    2007-01-01

    A test has been developed for early identification of the casual agent for potato powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea fs subterranea). Identification was carried out in seeds and soil where this tuber is grown. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was set up for detecting 372, 390 and 391 bp ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences (ITS) in the S. subterraneagenome. A method for extracting and purifying DNA from infected plant material (potato root nodes and pustules on the potato) ...

  6. Special Issue on Innovation through Open Data: A Review of the State-of-the-Art and an Emerging Research Agenda: Guest Editors’ Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Zuiderwijk, A.M.G.; Helbig, N.; Gil-García, J.R.; Janssen, M.F.W.H.A.

    2014-01-01

    For decades good governance scholarship has focused attention on the importance of government openness [26], [34]. Since the 1960s, Freedom of Information (FOI) legislation has formed the backbone of institutional support for opening information and documents [76] and participatory processes [4], [79]. However, FOI represents a passive approach to releasing information. Persons or organizations must still request the information they want, referred to casually, as freedom of information reque...

  7. Relationship between job stress, temperament and depressive symptoms in female nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Yoko Kikuchi; Makoto Nakaya; Miki Ikeda; Shoko Okuzumi; Mihoko Takeda; Miyoko Nishi

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: A casual relationship between temperament, job stress and depressive symptoms has not been established yet. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between job stress, temperament and depressive symptoms in female nurses at a Japanese general hospital. Material and Methods: A self-report survey was conducted among 706 nurses. We measured job stress, temperament, and depressive symptoms using the Brief-Job Stress Questionnaire, the TEMPS-A and a screening scale of...

  8. Nominal Wage Rigidity in Village Labor Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Supreet Kaur

    2014-01-01

    This paper tests for downward nominal wage rigidity in markets for casual daily agricultural labor in a developing country context. I examine transitory shifts in labor demand, generated by rainfall shocks, in 600 Indian districts from 1956-2009. First, there is asymmetric adjustment: nominal wages rise in response to positive shocks but do not fall during droughts. Second, transitory positive shocks generate ratcheting: after they have dissipated, nominal wages do not adjust back down. Third...

  9. The effects of option hedging on the costs of domestic price stabilization schemes

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Donald F.; Coleman, Jonathan

    1991-01-01

    Casual observation leads to the conclusion that stabilization funds tend to be short-lived. While it may be that some funds have failed due to poor management or unwarranted political interventions, the stochastic components of commodity prices can generate insurmountable difficulties for even the most expert managers. Price-band schemes contain an element of information feed-back and offer transparent rules -- attributes which make such schemes preferable to many alternative mechanisms -- bu...

  10. The hydration state of human red blood cells and their susceptibility to invasion by Plasmodium falciparum

    OpenAIRE

    Tiffert, Teresa; Lew, Virgilio L; Ginsburg, Hagai; Krugliak, Miriam; Croisille, Laure; Mohandas, Narla

    2005-01-01

    In most inherited red blood cell (RBC) disorders with high gene frequencies in malaria-endemic regions, the distribution of RBC hydration states is much wider than normal. The relationship between the hydration state of circulating RBCs and protection against severe falciparum malaria remains unexplored. The present investigation was prompted by a casual observation suggesting that falciparum merozoites were unable to invade isotonically dehydrated normal RBCs. We designed an experimental mod...

  11. Fichte: Deducción

    OpenAIRE

    Corsico, Luciano

    2014-01-01

    Johann Gottlieb Fichte not tried simply to explain the content of his philosophy in a fragmentary or essayistic form, but in a systematic form. In developing his philosophical system called Wissenschaftslehre (WL), Fichte always applies a rigorous method. Of course, the adoption of this method and its subsequent application in the several versions of WL is not the result of a casual or arbitrary decision. The characteristics of the method used by Fichte have a strong relationship with the mea...

  12. Is There Life on Adult FriendFinder? Sex and Logic with the Happy Dictator

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Katrien

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates web users and their sexual behaviors and pornographic self-representations as observed on the sex and dating site http://www.adultfrienfinder.com. The website is a social network and encourages members to find real-life partners for sex whether it be casual sex affairs between singles, swinging couples, or polyamorous extra-marital affairs between “aba” (“attached but available”) individuals and their lovers. The analysis is based on theories of ethnography and social ...

  13. Academic freedom and the commercialisation of the universities: a critical ethical analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lynch, Kathleen; Ivancheva, Mariya P.

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the cultural and organisational dimensions of academic life that lay the foundations for academic freedom. We briefly review the relationship between university autonomy and academic freedom, the relationship between ethics and freedom and the impact of increased commercialisation on scholarly independence, particularly how the increasing casualization of employment limits the freedom of academics to teach critically and publish freely. We examine the geopolitics of knowle...

  14. Hired Hands: Casualised Technology and Labour in the Teaching of Cultural Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Kieryn McKay; Kylie Brass

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the uptake and application of podcasting in a particular higher education context, drawing on the the authors' experience in late 2008 when both were employed as casual tutors on large-scale first-year communications and cultural studies courses at the University of Western Sydney. The article maps out the limits of technological innovation within the teaching of cultural studies, as well as its limits in promoting the radical potential of a cultural studies approach. It...

  15. Riding on Tyvek(R)—A Case Study about How a New Material Invented by Western Multinational Company Enters China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li

    2002-01-01

    This paper is a case study about how a new product developed by Western multinational company enters new market- the Mainland China. In this study, a new fabric- DuPont's hi-technical Tyvek PU Coating, is fashionized and developed into a new fashionable and functional casual- rainwear, using the approach of new product development method (idea generation;screening; business analysis; development; evaluation and testing; commercialization).

  16. Wintertime for Deceptive Advertising?

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Zinman; Eric Zitzewitz

    2012-01-01

    Casual empiricism suggests that deceptive advertising about product quality is prevalent, and several classes of theories explore its causes and consequences. We provide some unusually sharp empirical evidence on the extent, mechanics, and dynamics of deceptive advertising. Ski resorts self-report substantially more natural snowfall on weekends. Resorts that plausibly reap greater benefits from exaggerating do it more. Data on website visits suggests that consumers are appropriately skeptical...

  17. THE ROLE OF COLLECTIVE IDENTITY AND REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Corredor, German Camilo

    2013-01-01

    This thesis analyses the terms in which collective identity and regional institutions can explain state action towards the unfolding of regionalism in the Andean Community (AC). This analysis develops a constructivist approach that assesses constitutive and casual effects of ideas in order to provide explanations. For the assessment and distinction of these effects, the thesis proposes an interpretive method that consists of focusing on transitive verbs and metaphors denoting causation that s...

  18. Understanding URL Abuse for Profit

    OpenAIRE

    Chachra, Neha

    2015-01-01

    Large-scale online scam campaigns pose a significant security threat to casual Internet users. Attackers simultaneously abuse millions of URLs to swindle visitors by selling counterfeit goods, by phishing to steal user credentials for various online services, or even by infecting user machines with malware. In this dissertation, I address the problem of studying these large-scale fraudulent ecosystems that heavily rely on URL abuse for profit. I demonstrate the feasibility of analyzing ground...

  19. Strategic Management of R& D Pipelines with Cospecialized Investments and Technology Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Tat Chan; Jack A. Nickerson; Hideo Owan

    2007-01-01

    The theoretical literature on managing R& D pipelines is largely based on real option theory making decisions about undertaking, continuing, or terminating projects. The theory typically assumes that each project or causally related set of projects is independent. However, casual observation suggests that firms expend much effort on managing and balancing their R& D pipelines, where managing appears to be related to the choice of R& D selection thresholds, project risk, and whether to buy or ...

  20. Eastern and Western contributions to «contemplative science»

    OpenAIRE

    Laumakis, Stephen J.

    2011-01-01

    Even the most casual survey of the various professional journal articles and books dedicated to the study of the nature, value, use, and benefits of meditation, in general, as well as the emerging field of the scientific study of contemplation reveals that this is one of the most active and promising arenas in the comparative study of Eastern and Western thought and practice. Yet, even though there are many facets of meditative practices that are common to both traditions, the contemporary We...

  1. [Monomelic segmental amyotrophy: a Spanish case involving the leg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martinez, J M; Garcia de la Rocha, M L; Martin Araguz, A

    1990-01-01

    A 65-year old male presented with selective amyotrophy of the right lower limb which, after a progressive course of some months, had stabilized 12 years previously. Physical examination showed amyotrophy involving the gastrocnemius and the quadriceps extensor femoris without sensory impairment. EMG suggested motor neuron disease. This case meets Hirayama and Serratrice's criteria for benign chronic monomelic amyotrophy. We support the hypothesis of a casual vascular factor, as proposed by Hirayama. PMID:2204988

  2. Sexual and mental health in compensated dating in youth in Hong Kong: An exploratory quantitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Li, MHT; Wong, PWC; Chan, M.; Law, YW; Fu, KW; Chau, MCL; Yip, PSF

    2015-01-01

    Compensated dating, also known as enjo kosai (in Japanese), assisted relationship, freelance teenage sex work, and casual teen prostitution, emerged in Japan in 1990s and has spread to other Asian societies including Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Shanghai and Hong Kong in the early 2000s. The compensated dating phenomenon was considered similar to youth sexual exploitation, defined as the exchange of sexual activity for money or other consideration according to Office of the United Nations High Co...

  3. Gratitude and well-being : the mediating role of coping

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Hi-po; 劉喜寶

    2015-01-01

    Gratitude is a ubiquitous emotional experience. A simple “thank you” could just be a casual gesture of politeness; yet, religions, philosophers, and psychologists have long proposed that heart-felt experiences of gratefulness is the key to well-being. This dissertation examined the mediating mechanisms of the effects of gratitude on subjective well-being. I proposed a resources-coping model, which postulates that gratitude fosters subjective well-being through first enhancing perceptions of c...

  4. The comparition of Personality Patterns, irrational beliefs and impulsivity in males with with drug abuse disorder under Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    samere asadi; Majid Mahmod allilo; jafar bahadorikhosroahhi; maryam KHORSAND

    2015-01-01

    Objective: the aim of this research was to determine the difference between personality Patterns, irrational beliefs and impulsivity in men with drug abuse disorder under Treatment. Method: in this casual- comparative research, 80 men ( 40 males with drug abuse under Treatment and 40 of normal males) that were selected with available sampling .Groups were matched in terms of demoghraphy characteristics ( age, sexuality, education level and marital status) and were valued with means of Eysenk ...

  5. Defending Privacy: the Development and Deployment of a Darknet

    OpenAIRE

    McManamon, Conor; Mtenzi, Fredrick

    2010-01-01

    New measures imposed by governments, Internet service providers and other third parties which threaten the state of privacy are also opening new avenues to protecting it. The unwarranted scrutiny of legitimate services such as file hosters and the BitTorrent protocol, once relatively unknown to the casual Internet user, is becoming more obvious. The darknet is a rising contender against these new measures and will preserve the default right to privacy of Internet users. A darknet is defined i...

  6. Qualitative research methods in Software Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Anya; Gerarld Smith

    2014-01-01

    In the investigation of Software Engineering coexist two different research methods: 1) the quantitative that try to measure and analyze the casual relationship between the variables in a frame with free values, and 2) the qualitative that examine the creation process of meanings from which is generated new theorems or improve. Apply this methods separately in the research in software engineer makes evident that obtain results are incomplete and so is difficult to choose definitively wit whic...

  7. Incorporating Discriminating Observation Probabilities (DOP) into Semi-Continuous HMM for Speaker Verification

    OpenAIRE

    Forsyth, Mark; Bagshaw, Paul C; Jack, Mervyn A.

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes the use of a semi-continuous hidden Markov models for speaker verification. The system uses a technique for discriminative hidden Markov modelling known as discriminating observation probabilities (DOP). Results are presented for text-dependent experiments on isolated digits from 25 genuine speakers and 84 casual im-poster speakers, recorded over the public telephone network in the United Kingdom. Performance measures which are used to assess the DOP technique are equal e...

  8. Addiction-like reward dysfunction and compulsive eating in obese rats: Role for dopamine D2 receptors

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Paul M.; Kenny, Paul J.

    2010-01-01

    We found that development of obesity was coupled with the emergence of a progressively worsening brain reward deficit. Similar changes in reward homeostasis induced by cocaine or heroin is considered a critical trigger in the transition from casual to compulsive drug-taking. Accordingly, we detected compulsive-like feeding behavior in obese but not lean rats, measured as palatable food consumption that was resistant to disruption by an aversive conditioned stimulus. Striatal dopamine D2 recep...

  9. The dark side of food addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Parylak, Sarah L.; Koob, George F.; Zorrilla, Eric P.

    2011-01-01

    In drug addiction, the transition from casual drug use to dependence has been linked to a shift away from positive reinforcement and towards negative reinforcement. That is, drugs ultimately are relied on to prevent or relieve negative states that otherwise result from abstinence (e.g., withdrawal) or from adverse environmental circumstances (e.g., stress). Recent work has suggested that this “dark side” shift also is key in the development of food addiction. Initially, palatable food consump...

  10. The Reviewer's Assistant: Recommending Topics to Writers by Association Rule Mining and Case-base Reasoning

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Ruihai; Schaal, Markus; O'Mahony, Michael P.; Smyth, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews from a community of users is increasingly important. In this extended abstract we describe the Reviewer’s Assistant, a case-based reasoning ...

  11. Harnessing the Experience Web to Support User-Generated Product Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Ruihai; Schaal, Markus; O'Mahony, Michael P.; McCarthy, Kevin; Smyth, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. In many respects, the content of user reviews is every bit as important as the catalog content that describes a given product or service. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews fr...

  12. Agamben and the Politics of Human Rights: Statelessness, Images, Violence

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, Saul; Lechte, John

    2013-01-01

    Human rights today have become the meta-narrative of globalisation. However, the most casual glance reveals a world in which human rights are violated on an unprecedented scale, often by the very sovereign states who claim to promote them. This is no coincidence, according to Giorgio Agamben, who argues that despite the claims of NGOs, international legal scholars, global ethicists and governments, human rights today do not protect us from the excesses of state power, but, on the contrary, ar...

  13. The effects of graphical fidelity on player experience

    OpenAIRE

    Gerling, Kathrin M.; Birk, Max; Mandryk, Regan L.; Doucette, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Graphical assets in video games have become increasingly complex over the years, but little is known about their effect on player experience (PX). In this paper, we present results of a controlled study with 48 participants comparing how abstract and stylized graphics influence player experience in casual games. Our results show that high-fidelity graphics result in a more positive impression of the game. However, we also show that many effects are only present in the game with a more challen...

  14. CHCW2009 would Celebrate its 10th Birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ In this October,the China's Casual Wear Fair,jointly organized by China Garment Association,China Garment Designer Association and Zhongshan Municipal government,would welcome its ten years celebration in the Zhongshan Exhibition Center of Guangdong Province from Oct.22 to Oct.25,2009.During these ten years,the Fair plays as an important role to promote the development of social culture and industry in Shaxi significantly.

  15. CHCW2008 will be Held in October

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ On July 8,during the press conference of the CHCW 2008 held in Beijing,the organizing committee announced that the 9th China's Casual Wear Fair (Shaxi,China),jointly organized by China Garment Association,China Garment designer association and Zhongshan Municipal government,will be held in the Zhongshan Exhibition Center of Guangdong Province from Oct.16 to Oct.19,2008.

  16. Towards balanced exploitation and management of the fishery resources of Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Twongo, T.

    1986-01-01

    A casual study of the hydrological map of Uganda would convince every serious fisherman and fisheater that he is most favoured to be in Uganda. The extent and distribution of the country's aquatic system plus the rich variety of fish species there is promises a fishery potential of considerable magnitude: The open waterways comprised by the Uganda portions of Lakes Victoria, Albert and Edward; and Lakes Kyoga, George plus minor lakes Wamala, Kijanebarora, mutanda, etc. occupy about 15% of ...

  17. Utilizing social media in marketing and brand building

    OpenAIRE

    Pelkonen, Pekka

    2014-01-01

    Social media and internet plays a big role is peoples daily lives. People feel the need to be connected constantly through technology. It has changed the rules of marketing and companies’ don’t give enough attention to the possibilities and opportunities it possesses. Commissioning company Laakkonen is the biggest car dealership chain in Finland. Selling new and used cars of different brands in different locations. Laakkonen wants to make the buying process on cars more casual and bring the c...

  18. The Effect of Computer Games on Students’ Critical Thinking Disposition and Educational Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Seifi; Zahra Derikvandi; Saeed Moosavipour; Rouhollah Khodabandelou

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this research was to investigate the effect of computer games on student’ critical thinking disposition and educational achievement. The research method was descriptive, and its type was casual-comparative. The sample included 270 female high school students in Andimeshk town selected by multistage cluster method. Ricketts questionnaire was used to test critical thinking and the researcher made questionnaires were used to test computer games. T-test and one-way ANOVA were empl...

  19. Analisis Pengaruh Audit Tenure, Ukuran Kap, Ukuran Perusahaan Klien Dan Rotasi Audit Terhadap Kualitas Audit Pada Perusahaan Manufaktur Yang Tercatat Pada Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Astuti, Windi

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to obtain the empirical evidence about the effect of audit tenure, audit firm size, client firm size, audit rotation on audit quality of manufacturing company that listed in indonesian stock exchange. The type of this research is casual research and the type of data is quantitative data. Those are obtained from the data published by indonesian stock exchange about financial statement and annual report, independent auditor’s report, journal, reference books, int...

  20. Mexico: prospects for democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Norton, Yvonne D.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze why Mexico has failed to democratize and offer recommendations for U.S. policy towards Mexico. The thesis examines the impact of three casual variables on the level of democracy in Mexico: civilian control of the military, the fairness of Mexico's political party system, and U.S. foreign policy towards Mexico. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  1. The Effects of Utilitarian and Hedonic Values on Young Consumers’ Satisfaction and Behavioral Intentions

    OpenAIRE

    Umit BASARAN; Ozan BUYUKYILMAZ

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the effects of utilitarian and hedonic values on young consumers’ satisfaction and behavioral intentions in fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors comparatively. Also this study investigates which value component (utilitarian or hedonic) is more effective on satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The results show that utilitarian and hedonic values have significant effects on satisfaction and behavioral intentions for both fast-food and fas...

  2. HTT200 phoenix Material-htt200dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    sandy

    2015-01-01

    HTT 200 Entire Course (UOP) For more course tutorials visit www.htt200.com   HTT 200 Final Project: Foreign Destination Research Project HTT 200 Week 1 CheckPoint: Job Opportunities HTT 200 Week 2 Assignment: Demographics HTT 200 Week 2 CheckPoint: Diversity HTT 200 Week 3 CheckPoint: Casual Restaurants HTT 200 Week 4 Assignment: Franchising HTT 200 Week 4 CheckPoint: Chain and Independent Restaurants HTT 200 Week 5 CheckPoint: Customer Types ...

  3. HTT 200 UOP Course Tutorial / Tutoriloutlet

    OpenAIRE

    JANU

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com     HTT 200 Final Project: Foreign Destination Research Project HTT 200 Week 1 CheckPoint: Job Opportunities HTT 200 Week 2 Assignment: Demographics HTT 200 Week 2 CheckPoint: Diversity HTT 200 Week 3 CheckPoint: Casual Restaurants HTT 200 Week 4 Assignment: Franchising HTT 200 Week 4 CheckPoint: Chain and Independent Restaurants HTT 200 Week 5 CheckPoint: Customer Types HTT 200 We...

  4. HTT 200 UOP Coureses/UOP Help

    OpenAIRE

    royal12

    2015-01-01

     HTT 200 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com HTT 200 Final Project: Foreign Destination Research Project HTT 200 Week 1 CheckPoint: Job Opportunities HTT 200 Week 2 Assignment: Demographics HTT 200 Week 2 CheckPoint: Diversity HTT 200 Week 3 CheckPoint: Casual Restaurants HTT 200 Week 4 Assignment: Franchising HTT 200 Week 4 CheckPoint: Chain and Independent Restaurants HTT 200 Week 5 CheckPoint: Customer Types HTT 200...

  5. HSM 270 UOP course tutorial/uop helP

    OpenAIRE

    HUTN

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com HTT 200 Final Project: Foreign Destination Research Project HTT 200 Week 1 CheckPoint: Job Opportunities HTT 200 Week 2 Assignment: Demographics HTT 200 Week 2 CheckPoint: Diversity HTT 200 Week 3 CheckPoint: Casual Restaurants HTT 200 Week 4 Assignment: Franchising HTT 200 Week 4 CheckPoint: Chain and Independent Restaurants HTT 200 Week 5 CheckPoint: Customer Types HTT 200 Week 6 Assignment: Hotel Securi...

  6. The Collaborative Image of The City: Mapping the Inequality of Urban Perception

    OpenAIRE

    Philip Salesses; Katja Schechtner; Hidalgo, César A.

    2013-01-01

    A traveler visiting Rio, Manila or Caracas does not need a report to learn that these cities are unequal; she can see it directly from the taxicab window. This is because in most cities inequality is conspicuous, but also, because cities express different forms of inequality that are evident to casual observers. Cities are highly heterogeneous and often unequal with respect to the income of their residents, but also with respect to the cleanliness of their neighborhoods, the beauty of their a...

  7. Precarious, informalizing, and flexible work: transforming concepts and new understandings

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, D.; Bongiovi, J.R.

    2013-01-01

    There is a considerable body of academic and activist research that studies the prevalence of precariousness in contemporary societies. It goes by many names that are often interchangeable, including precarious work, precarity, informalization, and casualization. These are typically rooted in emerging theories of labor and work that temporally correspond to the globalization of production, distribution, and consumption in the neoliberal era. This article examines new ways of looking at the gl...

  8. Madrid cycle track: visualizing the cyclable city

    OpenAIRE

    Romanillos, G.; Zaltz Austwick, M.

    2015-01-01

    Maps are currently experiencing a paradigm shift from static representations to dynamic platforms that capture, visualize and analyse new data, bringing different possibilities for exploration and research. The first objective of this paper is to present a map that illustrates, for the first time, the real flow of casual cyclists and bike messengers in the city of Madrid. The second objective is to describe the development and results of the Madrid Cycle Track initiative, an online platform l...

  9. Neurobiologic Processes in Drug Reward and Addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Adinoff, Bryon

    2004-01-01

    Neurophysiologic processes underlie the uncontrolled, compulsive behaviors defining the addicted state. These “hard-wired” changes in the brain are considered critical for the transition from casual to addictive drug use. This review of preclinical and clinical (primarily neuroimaging) studies will describe how the delineation between pleasure, reward, and addiction has evolved as our understanding of the biologic mechanisms underlying these processes has progressed. Although the mesolimbic d...

  10. Depression and Uncertainty in Cardiac Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Batool Ahadi; Mohammad Narimani; Jamal Sooreh

    2012-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to comparison of depression and uncertainty in cardiac patient and normal persons. Materials and Methods: The present study has been done in a form of casual-comparative on 60 persons at the Bookan city hospital. In the present study, Beck Depression Inventory (1988), and Fristone Uncertainty Scale (1994) were employed to gather the required data. For data analysis, Manova, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis methods by SPSS-19 was use...

  11. Comparison of Executive Function in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Patients With Good Insight, Poor Insight and Healthy People

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Toobaei; Mohamad Reza Shairi; Giti Shams; Gholamhosein Ghaedi

    2015-01-01

    Background: This research seeks to make a comparison between executive functions of the obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, with poor and high insight levels and normal people. Patients and Methods: In this casual comparative study, 22 OCD patients with high insight level, 5 OCD patients with poor insight level (based on YBOCS’ 11th item score) and 23 normal subjects were selected using convenience sampling technique. The subjects were evaluated using two groups of clinical and n...

  12. What Makes Usain Bolt Unique as a Sprinter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinabargar, A. J.; Hellrich, Matt; Baker, Blane

    2010-01-01

    For both casual and avid fans alike, Olympic and other sporting events can provide a wealth of data for simple physics analyses. One of the most impressive performances in recent Olympic history is that of Usain Bolt in the track-and-field sprinting events during the 2008 Summer Games. Over a seven-day span, Bolt set world records in the 100-m and…

  13. Invasion success of alien plants: do habitat affinities in the native distribution range matter?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hejda, Martin; Pyšek, Petr; Pergl, Jan; Sádlo, Jiří; Chytrý, M.; Jarošík, Vojtěch

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 3 (2009), s. 372-382. ISSN 1466-822X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Grant ostatní: Evropská komise(XE) GOCE-CT-2003-506675 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : biological invasions * casual aliens * Central Europe Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 5.913, year: 2009

  14. Altruism, status, and the origin of relevance

    OpenAIRE

    Dessalles, Jean-Louis

    1998-01-01

    We deal here with the problem of the origin of language from the point of view of pragmatics. Our aim is to show that any scenario of language origin should explain the relevance phenomenon. Why do people feel obliged to be relevant in casual conversation ? Analysing the structure of relevance leads to unexpected conclusions : relevant information is valuable, therefore language seems to be altruistic. As a consequence, from a Darwinian perspective, speakers should be rare and continually pro...

  15. Part I. Molecular and cellular characterization of high nitric oxide-adapted human breast adenocarcinoma cell lines

    OpenAIRE

    Vesper, B; Onul, A; Haines III, G; Tarjan, G; Xue, J; Elseth, K; Aydogan, B.; Altman, M.; Roeske, J; Paradise, W; De Vitto, H; Radosevich, J

    2013-01-01

    There is a lack of understanding of the casual mechanisms behind the observation that some breast adenocarcinomas have identical morphology and comparatively different cellular growth behavior. This is exemplified by a differential response to radiation, chemotherapy, and other biological intervention therapies. Elevated concentrations of the free radical nitric oxide (NO), coupled with the up-regulated enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) which produces NO, are activities which impact tumor gr...

  16. Disinflation and the Recession-Now-Versus-Recession-Later Hypothesis; Evidence From Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander W. Hoffmaister; Carlos A. Végh

    1995-01-01

    Both analytical models and casual empiricism suggest that the timing of the recessionary costs associated with inflation stabilization in chronic inflation countries may depend on the nominal anchor which is used. Under money-based stabilization, the recession occurs at the beginning of the program, while under exchange rate-based stabilization the recession occurs later in the program. This paper provides a first attempt to formally test this hypothesis using a vector-autoregression model fo...

  17. Gene Co-expression Analysis to Characterize Genes Related to Marbling Trait in Hanwoo (Korean) Cattle

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Dajeong; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Kim, Nam-Kuk; Cho, Yong-Min; Chai, Han-Ha; Seong, Hwan-Hoo; Kim, Heebal

    2013-01-01

    Marbling (intramuscular fat) is an important trait that affects meat quality and is a casual factor determining the price of beef in the Korean beef market. It is a complex trait and has many biological pathways related to muscle and fat. There is a need to identify functional modules or genes related to marbling traits and investigate their relationships through a weighted gene co-expression network analysis based on the system level. Therefore, we investigated the co-expression relationship...

  18. Sexuality in old age: taboos and reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano da Silva Rozendo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Stereotypes of an asexual old age remain in the social imaginary. This work is based on quantitative and qualitative data of a research focused to analyze the way sexuality have been portrayed and experienced in old age. 32 seniors aged between 60 and 75 years were interviewed. Topics as homoaffectivity and casual sex still untouchable in old age. Even being a taboo, sexuality still being experienced by most of the elderlies.  

  19. A NEW CONCEPT OF MODELING NEEDS OF THE POPULATION IN THE LABOR MOVEMENT BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. F. Ghorbachov

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, with the purpose of accounting a casual character of distribution of capacities of transport areas on labor movements in a matrix of correspondences, the interval concept of modeling the population needs in movements has been suggested when for transport calculations one uses not one variant of a matrix but borders of an interval of its possible values at the set area capacities.

  20. The Causality Relation Between Consumer Confidence and Stock Prices: Case of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Topuz, Yusuf Volkan

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the causality relation between consumer confidence and stock price is discussed. This study is based on the assumption of potential bi-directional casuality which is from stock prices towards consumer confidence as there might also be causality from consumer confidence towards stock prices. To this end, in this study the causality relation between consumer confidence index and ISE-100 index during the terms of 2004:01-2009:01 is examined by using Granger Causality test. One-dir...

  1. Causal relationship between macroeconomic indicators and housing prices: Evidence from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    A. Hepsen

    2012-01-01

    The housing market is an essential part of a nation's economy and represents the most important component of the wealth accumulation. There is also a relatively recent, growing recognition about importance of the interactive nexus between house prices and macroeconomic variables. This casual relationship is apparently stronger in developed countries having strong real estate-finance linkages. But it would be also important to underline that globalization of the financial and real estate marke...

  2. Aesthetics of contemporary music programming through the lens of molecular gastronomy

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Brendan D.

    2010-01-01

    Music and food critics, scholars, and the general public make the similarities between the consumption of music and food casually and surprisingly often. These analogies will be discussed and then further used as a thought experiment to test if the fundamental tenets of food science can refine the aesthetic of programming and conception of contemporary music concerts. Also, the apparent difference in public perception between the culinary arts and contemporary music will be discussed. One are...

  3. Interest alignment and competitive advantage

    OpenAIRE

    Gottschalg, Oliver; Zollo, Mauricio

    2006-01-01

    This paper articulates a theory of the conditions under which the alignment between individual and collective interests generates sustainable competitive advantage. The theory is based on the influence of tacitness, context-specificity and casual ambiguity in the determinants of different types of motivation (extrinsic, normative intrinsic and hedonic intrinsic), under varying conditions of environmental dynamism. The analysis indicates the need to consider mitivational processes as a complem...

  4. SPECIFIC DIAGNOSTICS OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN CHILDREN WITH THE USE OF SCARIFICATION METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shmulich OV

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergy testings of 186 children suffering from atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according to which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it is possible to define causally significant allergen.

  5. The health system consequences of agency nursing and moonlighting in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Rispel, Laetitia C.; Blaauw, Duane

    2015-01-01

    Background: Worldwide, there is an increased reliance on casual staff in the health sector. Recent policy attention in South Africa has focused on the interrelated challenges of agency nursing and moonlighting in the health sector.Objective: This paper examines the potential health system consequences of agency nursing and moonlighting among South African nurses.Methods: During 2010, a cluster random sample of 80 hospitals was selected in four South African provinces. On the survey day, all n...

  6. ASPECTS OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING – SEWING A FOOTWEAR PRODUCT FOR WOMEN, TYPE SHOE

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Secan; Florentina Harnagea

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the technological process for manufacturing a low-cut footwear product (type shoe) for women, for casual use, in an IL system.The paper begins with a general presentation of the technological process of manufacturing the product, and follows with a case study which details the characteristic operations, as well as the common ones, which take place during the process.Depending on the structure of the model and the characteristics of the raw and auxiliary materials, the tech...

  7. Attempted eradication of Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus in the Florida Everglades

    OpenAIRE

    Dave EGGEMAN; Marsha WARD; Ellen DONLAN; Scott HARDIN

    2011-01-01

    Porphyrio porphyrio (Fulica porphyrio Linnaeus) was reported to the South Florida Water Management District in a Water Conservation Area and in constructed wetlands in the Everglades in 2006. A rapid assessment, including casual observations and surveys of land managers, indicated a limited number of P. porphyrio (~300 birds) was present, and an eradication attempt was initiated. From 2006 – 2008, more than 3100 P. porphyrio were killed by shotgun from airboats during 73 hunts, suggesting the...

  8. Evaluating the usability of natural language query languages and interfaces to semantic web knowledge bases

    OpenAIRE

    Kaufmann, E.; Bernstein, A.

    2010-01-01

    The need to make the contents of the Semantic Web accessible to end-users becomes increasingly pressing as the amount of information stored in ontology-based knowledge bases steadily increases. Natural language interfaces (NLIs) provide a familiar and convenient means of query access to Semantic Web data for casual end-users. While several studies have shown that NLIs can achieve high retrieval performance as well as domain independence, this paper focuses on usability and investi...

  9. In vitro effect of Eucalyptus globulus essential oil on Penicillium sp.
    Efeito in vitro do óleo essencial de Eucalyptus globulus sobre o crescimento e desenvolvimento de Penicillium sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Marcia Holanda Nozaki; Cristina Fernanda Schneider; Andréia Piatti

    2011-01-01

    Penicillium sp. is the casual agent of moulds, considered the main citrus post-harvest disease, causing loss on the quality and quantity of marketable fruits. Besides economic loss, it can be included costs, transportation and fruit storage problems. The present work had the objective to verify the fungitoxic action of Eucalyptus globules essential oil on the in vitro control of Penicillium sp., evaluating mycelial growth, production and spores germination. The experiment was conduced on the ...

  10. The Effects of Gun Prevalence on Burglary: Deterrence vs Inducement

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, Philip J.; Jens Ludwig

    2002-01-01

    The proposition that widespread gun ownership serves as a deterrent to residential burglary is widely touted by advocates, but the evidence is weak, consisting of anecdotes, interviews with burglars, casual comparisons with other countries, and the like. A more systematic exploration requires data on local rates of gun ownership and of residential burglary, and such data have only recently become available. In this paper we exploit a new well-validated proxy for local gun-ownership prevalence...

  11. Catroid: A Mobile Visual Programming System for Children

    CERN Document Server

    Slany, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Catroid is a free and open source visual programming language, programming environment, image manipulation program, and website. Catroid allows casual and first-time users starting from age eight to develop their own animations and games solely using their Android phones or tablets. Catroid also allows to wirelessly control external hardware such as Lego Mindstorms robots via Bluetooth, Bluetooth Arduino boards, as well as Parrot's popular and inexpensive AR.Drone quadcopters via WiFi.

  12. Designer Brings Cultural Awareness to Fashion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangFeng

    2003-01-01

    The appointment was delayed. I didn't want to disturb Hu Xiaodan when I saw he was so busy with his work. Sporting a crew cut and lightweight casual clothes, he looked more like a university professor than the """"the pride of Chinese fashion designers"""". It was hard to picture him as the cenfroversial figure in the circle of fashion design, and he spoke with quiet conviction about his dedication to """"borrowing"""" ideas from the Chinese culture.

  13. Social Networking Smartphone Applications and Sexual Health Outcomes among Men Who Have Sex with Men

    OpenAIRE

    Lehmiller, Justin J.; Michael Ioerger

    2014-01-01

    Background: Several smartphone applications (apps) designed to help men who have sex with men (MSM) find casual sexual partners have appeared on the market recently. Apps of this nature have the potential to impact sexual health and behavior by providing constant access to a large supply of available partners. In this study, the sexual health history, behavior, and personality of MSM who use these apps was compared to MSM who meet partners in other ways. Methods and findings: A sample of 110 ...

  14. Pengaruh Investasi, Earning Per Share (EPS) dan Dividend Per Share (DPS) Terhadap Harga Saham Perusahaan Asuransi yang Terdaftar Di BEI Tahun 2010-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Sembiring, Yogi Pratama

    2015-01-01

    This research aim is to analyse the effect of ivestment, earning per share, and dividend per share to stock price of insurance companies listed on IDX period 2010-2013. This is a casual research with number of samples of 10 companies. Data analysis method used is multiple regression analysis. Research shows that simultaneously, investment, earning per share, and dividend per share are affecting positively and significantly to stock price. Partially, only earning per share is affecting positiv...

  15. COMPETIÇÃO DE CULTIVARES DE MILHO EM ESPAÇAMENTO REDUZIDO NO AMBIENTE SAFRINHA DO OESTE PAULISTA

    OpenAIRE

    José Salvador Simoneti Foloni; Diego Henriques Santos; Rodrigo Briancini

    2008-01-01

    The genetic diversity existent in the culture of the corn allows your cultivation in various ambient. The objective of this study was to evaluate, comparatively, twenty corn cultivars hybrid, with 0,45 m spacing. The experimental designer was casual entirely, with four repetitions. The corn cultivation in the ambient safrinha (fall cropping) in the west from São Paulo, Brazil, characterized by the high shortage of rains in the autumnwinter period, it presented satisfactory productivities in t...

  16. Non-Standard 'Contingent' Employment and Job Satisfaction: A Panel Data Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Buddelmeyer, Hielke; McVicar, Duncan; Wooden, Mark

    2013-01-01

    It is widely assumed that contingent forms of employment, such as fixed-term contracts, labour-hire and casual employment, are associated with low quality jobs. This hypothesis is tested using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, a nationally representative household panel survey covering a country with a high incidence of non-standard employment. Ordered logit regression models of job satisfaction are estimated that hold constant all time-invariant...

  17. User Preferences for Video Game Delivery - A Case Study of Cloud Gaming

    OpenAIRE

    Richstad, Ole Kristian Brenne

    2015-01-01

    In the recent years there have been a number of video game streaming platforms emerging on the market. Cloud gaming services like OnLive and PlayStation Now may ultimately prove successful in tapping the Internet to deliver instant streaming video games. However, there has been a limited research on these platforms, especially focusing on the end user preferences. In this thesis, preferences of different gamer groups (hardcore and casual) are studied in order to identify possible...

  18. Kuyper and Apartheid: A revisiting

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Baskwell

    2006-01-01

    Was Abraham Kuyper, scholar, statesman, and university founder, the ideological father of Apartheid in South Africa? Many belief so. But, there are others, amongst them George Harinck of the Free University in Amsterdam, who don’t think so. The article argues that there is an element of truth in both opinions. Kuyper did exhibit the casual racism so characteristic of the Victorian era, with its emphasis on empire building and all that it entailed. Kuyper was also directly responsible, ideolog...

  19. Childhood respiratory infection and adult chronic bronchitis in England and Wales.

    OpenAIRE

    Barker, D J P; Osmond, Clive

    1986-01-01

    The high mortality from chronic bronchitis in England and Wales and the excess of urban over rural mortality are unexplained. On dividing England and Wales into 212 local authority areas a strong geographical relation was found between death rates from chronic bronchitis and emphysema in 1959-78 and infant mortality from bronchitis and pneumonia during 1921-5. It was concluded that this relation provided strong evidence of a direct casual link between acute lower respiratory infection in earl...

  20. A Model for the Development and Implementation of Core Competencies in Restaurant Companies for Superior Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    de Chabert, Jacqueline M. IV

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify whether firms that implement and develop core competencies perform significantly better than firms that do not. A model of core competency implementation and development in restaurant firms was developed and tested in three casual dining restaurant firms. The amount of co-alignment in the core competency process was compared to financial performance. Results indicated that firms that had a greater amount of alignment performed better. The highest p...

  1. Duplication of cervical oesophagus: A case report and review of literatures

    OpenAIRE

    Nazem M; Amouee A; Eidy M; Khan Ishfaq; Javed H

    2010-01-01

    Foregut duplication is commonly found in the posterior mediastinum. 10-20% of these anomalies are associated with oesophageal duplication. It can occur in all parts of oesophageal length. Although duplication of cervical oesophagus has been previously reported, but a majority of them were found in thoracic oesophagus. Infants with oesophageal duplication usually manifested by respiratory distress or asymptomatic thoracic mass, casually, detected in X-ray. A 7-month-old infant weighing ...

  2. Japan's Industrial Relations and Employment Policy from a South Korean Perspective《論文》

    OpenAIRE

    禹, 宗杬

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines how the labor market and related institutions mediate the impact of globalization on the populations in Japan and South Korea in terms of the levels of inequality they experience. Particular attention is paid to the way the labor market in both countries is segmented according to a complex system of employment status which makes sharp distinctions between permanent and casual employees or between male and female workers or between high school and university graduates-syste...

  3. The Visual Causality Analyst: An Interactive Interface for Causal Reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Mueller, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Uncovering the causal relations that exist among variables in multivariate datasets is one of the ultimate goals in data analytics. Causation is related to correlation but correlation does not imply causation. While a number of casual discovery algorithms have been devised that eliminate spurious correlations from a network, there are no guarantees that all of the inferred causations are indeed true. Hence, bringing a domain expert into the casual reasoning loop can be of great benefit in identifying erroneous casual relationships suggested by the discovery algorithm. To address this need we present the Visual Causal Analyst-a novel visual causal reasoning framework that allows users to apply their expertise, verify and edit causal links, and collaborate with the causal discovery algorithm to identify a valid causal network. Its interface consists of both an interactive 2D graph view and a numerical presentation of salient statistical parameters, such as regression coefficients, p-values, and others. Both help users in gaining a good understanding of the landscape of causal structures particularly when the number of variables is large. Our framework is also novel in that it can handle both numerical and categorical variables within one unified model and return plausible results. We demonstrate its use via a set of case studies using multiple practical datasets. PMID:26529703

  4. Contributions of divergent peer and parent sexual messages to Asian American college students' sexual behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinh, Sarah L; Ward, L Monique; Day, Kyla; Thomas, Khia; Levin, Dana

    2014-01-01

    Receiving more parent sexual communication is generally linked to a later age of first sexual intercourse and less sexual risk taking. However, Asian American youth report minimal parent sexual communication, later sexual initiation, and fewer sexual risks than their counterparts. What contributes to this unexpected pattern of sexual communication and sexual behaviors? To answer this question, we surveyed 312 Asian American college students ages 17 to 22 on their sexual behaviors, parent sexual communication, and peer sexual communication. Assessment of parent and peer sexual communication was completed via a measure in which participants rated the frequency with which they had received each of 22 sexual messages from each source. Young women generally received more messages promoting abstinence, traditional sex roles, and sex within a relational context than their male counterparts. Young men, however, reported greater parent and peer communications that were accepting of casual sex. Exposure to peer messages that were accepting of casual sex was associated with more sexual partners, casual sex encounters, and sexual experience. Being older, being raised outside the United States, being less religious, and being homosexual was each predictive of more sexual experience. Implications regarding the role of culture and gender on sexual socialization are discussed. PMID:23305521

  5. Reported contraceptive use, risk behaviours and STIs among military conscripts in Estonian defence forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David Parker, R; Regier, Michael D; Widmeyer, Joseph; Honaker, John; Rüütel, Kristi

    2015-10-01

    Limited research exists on sexually transmitted infection (STI) and risk behaviour among military personnel. Published research on condom use and types of contraceptives used yield mixed results, yet, the perception that military members are at higher risk for STIs remains. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to measure factors such as condom use, contraceptive methods, and risky behaviours (i.e. drug use and sex with commercial sex workers) and investigate differences between ethnic groups, where culture could influence behaviour. Data were collected from a recruited population of 584 male, military conscripts in northeastern Europe. Using multinomial logistic regression models, statistically significant findings include an interaction between the use of contraceptive methods of Russians with casual partners and ethnicity, with higher odds of effective methods used among Estonians with regular partners (OR = 8.13) or casual partners (OR = 11.58) and Russians with regular partners (OR = 4.98). Effective contraceptive methods used less frequently with casual partners by ethnic Russians is important in providing education and risk reduction services to young, male conscripts. These findings may be used as a baseline to inform health education and STI prevention programmes tailored to military members in Eastern Europe in the absence of other published studies. PMID:25324351

  6. Trends in public knowledge and attitudes about AIDS, South Carolina, 1987-1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, J L; Lackland, D T; Kettinger, L D; Gamble, W B

    1989-12-01

    The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control AIDS Program assessed the state population's knowledge and attitudes about AIDS and HIV transmission in 1987 and 1988. Each year approximately 1,800 adults were selected by a random 3-stage cluster design and asked seventeen questions by telephone about AIDS and HIV. Questions addressed attitudes, general knowledge, HIV transmission by casual contact, HIV transmission by sex and IV drug contact, and HIV transmission by blood donation and transfusion. Over 90 percent of respondents were knowledgeable about HIV transmission by high risk behaviors addressed in the questionnaire. Respondents were less knowledgeable about HIV transmission by casual contact (12 to 41 percent gave incorrect answers), HIV testing (45 to 48 percent gave incorrect answers), and transmission by blood donation (43 to 52 percent gave incorrect answers). In general, a higher percentage of correct responses were given in 1988 than in 1987. In regard to responses measured by this survey, we conclude that: (1) there is a high level of knowledge in the state about transmission by high risk behaviors, (2) there are still many misconceptions about casual transmission, HIV testing, and blood donation, and (3) there was improvement in knowledge about AIDS and HIV from 1987 to 1988. PMID:2615326

  7. Opinion Mining for User Generated Design By Social Networking Service and Japanese Manga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anak Agung Gede Dharma

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The growth of Social Networking Service (SNS has created a new potential in marketing. While users communicate and interact via SNS, the list of their conversation, which is called casual data can be used to determine their needs or aspirations. SNS can be very useful for product/service developers, especially when developing new ideas or simply evaluating the feasibility of their existing products/services. Furthermore, SNS provides a unique system that enables expressive and two-way communication between its users. SNS is known for its effectiveness in delivering fresh news and information, thus it can be used as promotional media. Although several online services that utilize SNS and casual data have been provided, the purpose of those services is still unclear and ineffective. In those services, users were only asked for their opinions without receiving sufficient feedbacks. Therefore, to solve these problems we propose an innovative way of utilizing SNS and casual data in designing user generated design. In our proposed system, users can directly contribute to the product/service development process in an interesting way. We designed an online service, which allows users to posts manga that describes their original idea. While contributing to the product/service development, they can also benefit from expressing their hobbies and receiving feedbacks from other users.

  8. Contraceptive Decision-Making in Sexual Relationships: Young Men’s Experiences, Attitudes, and Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raine, Tina R.; Gard, Jennifer C.; Boyer, Cherrie B.; Haider, Sadia; Brown, Beth A.; Hernandez, F. Antonio Ramirez; Harper, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    Much attention has been focused on efforts to reduce unintended pregnancy by improving contraceptive use among high-risk women; however, there is limited information to guide interventions to engage young men in contraceptive decision-making. We conducted focus groups of young men, ages 19–26, from diverse racial backgrounds from low-income communities in the San Francisco Bay Area to examine social norms about sexual relationships and how they impact on contraceptive use. The data were analysed using content analysis. A range of relationships were described, however casual relationships predominated. While young men expressed strong desires to avoid pregnancy in casual relationships, the unpredictable nature of relationships, together with low communication and regard for the women involved, made stressing consistent contraceptive use among partners unlikely. The themes expressed by these young men about sex and behaviour in different relationships illustrate a spectrum of decision-making dilemmas and illustrate the inherent difficulty in fully engaging young men in contraceptive decision-making. A strategy is needed to address relationship values, dynamics, and condom use beyond STI prevention frameworks, and young women’s ability to make appropriate contraceptive choices in light of the inherent difficulties and uncertainty associated with casual relationships. PMID:20169479

  9. Echocardiographic assessment of the different left ventricular geometric patterns in hypertensive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delma Maria Cunha

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identiy left ventricular geometric patterns in hypertensive patients on echocardiography, and to correlate those patterns with casual blood pressure measurements and with the parameters obtained on a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. METHODS: We studied sixty hypertensive patients, grouped according to the Joint National Committee stages of hypertension.. Using the single- and two-dimensional Doppler Echocardiography, we analyzed the left ventricular mass and the geometric patterns through the correlation of left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness. On ambulatory blood pressure monitoring we assessed the means and pressure loads in the different geometric patterns detected on echocardiography RESULTS: We identified three left ventricular geometric patterns: 1 concentric hypertrophy, in 25% of the patients; 2 concentric remodeling, in 25%; and 3 normal geometry, in 50%. Casual systolic blood pressure was higher in the group with concentric hypertrophy than in the other groups (p=0.001. Mean systolic pressure in the 24h, daytime and nighttime periods was also higher in patients with concentric hypertrophy, as compared to the other groups (p=0.003, p=0.004 and p=0.007. Daytime systolic load and nighttime diastolic load were higher in patients with concentric hypertrophy ( p=0.004 and p=0.01, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular geometric patterns show significant correlation with casual systolic blood pressure, and with means and pressure loads on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

  10. Expanded DEMATEL for Determining Cause and Effect Group in Bidirectional Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Falatoonitoosi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL methodology has been proposed to solve complex and intertwined problem groups in many situations such as developing the capabilities, complex group decision making, security problems, marketing approaches, global managers, and control systems. DEMATEL is able to realize casual relationships by dividing important issues into cause and effect group as well as making it possible to visualize the casual relationships of subcriteria and systems in the course of casual diagram that it may demonstrate communication network or a little control relationships between individuals. Despite of its ability to visualize cause and effect inside a network, the original DEMATEL has not been able to find the cause and effect group between different networks. Therefore, the aim of this study is proposing the expanded DEMATEL to cover this deficiency by new formulations to determine cause and effect factors between separate networks that have bidirectional direct impact on each other. At the end, the feasibility of new extra formulations is validated by case study in three numerical examples of green supply chain networks for an automotive company.

  11. Personalized trajectory matching in spatial networks

    KAUST Repository

    Shang, Shuo

    2013-07-31

    With the increasing availability of moving-object tracking data, trajectory search and matching is increasingly important. We propose and investigate a novel problem called personalized trajectory matching (PTM). In contrast to conventional trajectory similarity search by spatial distance only, PTM takes into account the significance of each sample point in a query trajectory. A PTM query takes a trajectory with user-specified weights for each sample point in the trajectory as its argument. It returns the trajectory in an argument data set with the highest similarity to the query trajectory. We believe that this type of query may bring significant benefits to users in many popular applications such as route planning, carpooling, friend recommendation, traffic analysis, urban computing, and location-based services in general. PTM query processing faces two challenges: how to prune the search space during the query processing and how to schedule multiple so-called expansion centers effectively. To address these challenges, a novel two-phase search algorithm is proposed that carefully selects a set of expansion centers from the query trajectory and exploits upper and lower bounds to prune the search space in the spatial and temporal domains. An efficiency study reveals that the algorithm explores the minimum search space in both domains. Second, a heuristic search strategy based on priority ranking is developed to schedule the multiple expansion centers, which can further prune the search space and enhance the query efficiency. The performance of the PTM query is studied in extensive experiments based on real and synthetic trajectory data sets. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  12. The converging and diverging characteristics of HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys, 2000-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Martin; Lee, Evelyn; Prestage, Garrett P; Zablotska, Iryna; de Wit, John; Mao, Limin

    2013-01-01

    To assess the changing health promotion needs of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive gay men in Australia, we analysed the social and behavioural characteristics of HIV-positive men in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys. We looked at change over time in the characteristics of HIV-positive men (from 2000-2001 to 2008-2009) and compared HIV-positive men with their HIV-negative peers within each time period. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess independent changes over time within each HIV status group. A total of 21,620 responses were included in the analyses; 10,537 in 2000-2001 and 11,083 in 2008-2009. Between the two time periods, HIV-positive and HIV-negative men became more similar in the following areas: paid employment, sexual identity, number of male sex partners, the likelihood of having a regular male partner and having a seroconcordant regular male partner. The two groups diverged in these areas: age, ethnicity, educational level, social engagement with gay men, types of relationship with regular male partners, likelihood of unprotected anal intercourse with casual male partners and likelihood of HIV disclosure to casual male partners. Workforce participation and educational attainment have improved among HIV-positive gay men since 2000, but they still lag behind their HIV-negative peers in these areas. Because HIV-positive men are an ageing cohort, support services will need to increasingly address issues of HIV, sexuality and ageing with HIV-positive men. The increase in unprotected anal intercourse and HIV disclosure with casual partners means that education and support services will increasingly need to address effective HIV disclosure and non-condom-based risk reduction strategies with both HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men. PMID:22639958

  13. High HIV Burden in Men Who Have Sex with Men across Colombia's Largest Cities: Findings from an Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Lucía Rubio Mendoza

    Full Text Available Among Latin America's concentrated HIV epidemics, little is known about men who have sex with men (MSM in Colombia, the region's third largest country. To date, surveillance studies have been limited to Bogota, while 80% of HIV cases and deaths originate from Colombia's other cities and departments. The extent to which interventions should prioritize MSM outside of Bogota is unknown.We recruited 2603 MSM using respondent-driven sampling from seven of Colombia's largest cities. HIV prevalence was estimated by site from dried blood spot samples. Behavioral data were collected through face-to-face interviews and risk factors for HIV infection analyzed using weighted, multi-level logistical regression models accounting for recruitment patterns.Across cities, HIV prevalence averaged 15%, varied from 6% to 24% and was highest in Cali, Bogota, and Barranquilla. In the past 12 months, 65% of MSM had ≥ 5 casual male partners and 23% had a female partner. Across partnerships (i.e., casual, stable, and commercial, the proportion of MSM engaging in unprotected sex was ≥ 52% with male partners and ≥ 66% with female partners. Self-reported history of STI (24% and past-year illicit drug use (38% were also common. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 35 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 19.2 and 25-39 (AOR, 5.6 relative to ≤ 18-24 years, identifying as homosexual relative to heterosexual (AOR 0.1, meeting casual partners on the Internet (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.1 and age of sexual debut of ≤ 13 years (AOR, 3.1 predicted HIV infection. HIV testing and prevention messaging reached just 24% of MSM in the past year.Findings support consistently elevated HIV burden among MSM throughout Colombia's largest cities and a need for enhanced behavioral prevention and HIV testing, emphasizing men who use the Internet as well as physical venues to meet sex partners.

  14. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY IN THE CONTEXT OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojana Dinic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the structure and intensity of relation-ships between dimensions of sexual behavior and personal characteristics in the context of sexual dimorphism. The sample included 233 participants (both genders, mean age 29,34. Dimensions of sexual behavior were measured using the Sexual Behavior Questionnaire, and personal characteristics were measured using the Big Five Inventory and short form of Delta 10 questionnaire. The results suggested that the importance of personality for the understanding of sexual behavior is not far from the relevance of sexual dimorphism. It was found that personality was signifi-cant predictor of almost all dimensions of sexual behavior, independent from gender, and in case of tendency to have casual sex a strong interaction effect of gender and Conscientiousness was found. The nature of relationships between dimensions of sexual behavior and personality were very similar withih the subsamples of males and females. Namely, adaptive personality functioning was related to richness of sexual experience following by low sexual fantasies and low tendency to paraphilias. Small, but important difference in the structure of canonical factors extracted in the domain of sexual behavior was the following: in male sample adaptive personality structure correlated with high tendency to casual sex, while in female sample the opposite was obtained. In female sample there was one more significant relation suggesting that psychopatic personal structure has sexual style which include ric-hness and casual sexual experience without tendency to non-coital sexual play. The results are discussed in the context of the evolutionary theories of behavior.

  15. Prevalence and correlates of serostatus disclosure in HIV-infected adults attending the follow up and treatment clinic in Barbados.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Forde

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the extent of disclosure and factors associated with disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners, we interviewed HIV infected adults attending the centralized HIV clinics seeking medical care for HIV. Methods: The subjects were patients who attended the LRU for primary care and treatment of their HIV infection during the three months period of this study enrolment. Patients were asked to participate in this study after initial clinical care was performed, in a 30-minute standardized interview concerning behavioral, medical, and social history. Results: The study patients had the following characteristics: female, 42.7%; male, 57.3%; singles, 84.5%; married, 11.8%. The median age of respondents was 35 years, and 66.4% were employed. Seventy nine percent were sexually active, and of these 72% had a steady sex partner and 61% had one or more casual partners. Over all 64 (58.2% of those interviewed, had disclosed their HIV status to significant others. Of the sixty three persons who had a steady partner 71.4% had self disclosed their HIV status to one or more steady partners. Of the fifty three persons who had one or more casual partners, 26.4% had self-disclosed their status to one or more casual partners. The most common reasons listed for nondisclosure to spouse or significant other were stigma/discrimination, fear of spread of information, rejection. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that both the knowing and unknowing sexual partners of HIV-infected persons continue to be at risk for HIV transmission.

  16. Cat Ownership Perception and Caretaking Explored in an Internet Survey of People Associated with Cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zito, Sarah; Vankan, Dianne; Bennett, Pauleen; Paterson, Mandy; Phillips, Clive J C

    2015-01-01

    People who feed cats that they do not perceive they own (sometimes called semi-owners) are thought to make a considerable contribution to unwanted cat numbers because the cats they support are generally not sterilized. Understanding people's perception of cat ownership and the psychology underlying cat semi-ownership could inform approaches to mitigate the negative effects of cat semi-ownership. The primary aims of this study were to investigate cat ownership perception and to examine its association with human-cat interactions and caretaking behaviours. A secondary aim was to evaluate a definition of cat semi-ownership (including an association time of ≥1 month and frequent feeding), revised from a previous definition proposed in the literature to distinguish cat semi-ownership from casual interactions with unowned cats. Cat owners and semi-owners displayed similar types of interactions and caretaking behaviours. Nevertheless, caretaking behaviours were more commonly displayed towards owned cats than semi-owned cats, and semi-owned cats were more likely to have produced kittens (pcats in semi-ownership relationships compared to casual interaction relationships. Determinants of cat ownership perception were identified (pcat friendliness and health, and feelings about unowned cats, including the acceptability of feeding unowned cats. Encouraging semi-owners to have the cats they care for sterilized may assist in reducing the number of unwanted kittens and could be a valuable alternative to trying to prevent semi-ownership entirely. Highly accessible semi-owner "gatekeepers" could help to deliver education messages and facilitate the provision of cat sterilization services to semi-owners. This research enabled semi-ownership to be distinguished from casual interaction relationships and can assist welfare and government agencies to identify cat semi-owners in order to develop strategies to address this source of unwanted cats. PMID:26218243

  17. Cat Ownership Perception and Caretaking Explored in an Internet Survey of People Associated with Cats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Zito

    Full Text Available People who feed cats that they do not perceive they own (sometimes called semi-owners are thought to make a considerable contribution to unwanted cat numbers because the cats they support are generally not sterilized. Understanding people's perception of cat ownership and the psychology underlying cat semi-ownership could inform approaches to mitigate the negative effects of cat semi-ownership. The primary aims of this study were to investigate cat ownership perception and to examine its association with human-cat interactions and caretaking behaviours. A secondary aim was to evaluate a definition of cat semi-ownership (including an association time of ≥1 month and frequent feeding, revised from a previous definition proposed in the literature to distinguish cat semi-ownership from casual interactions with unowned cats. Cat owners and semi-owners displayed similar types of interactions and caretaking behaviours. Nevertheless, caretaking behaviours were more commonly displayed towards owned cats than semi-owned cats, and semi-owned cats were more likely to have produced kittens (p<0.01. All interactions and caretaking behaviours were more likely to be displayed towards cats in semi-ownership relationships compared to casual interaction relationships. Determinants of cat ownership perception were identified (p<0.05 and included association time, attachment, perceived cat friendliness and health, and feelings about unowned cats, including the acceptability of feeding unowned cats. Encouraging semi-owners to have the cats they care for sterilized may assist in reducing the number of unwanted kittens and could be a valuable alternative to trying to prevent semi-ownership entirely. Highly accessible semi-owner "gatekeepers" could help to deliver education messages and facilitate the provision of cat sterilization services to semi-owners. This research enabled semi-ownership to be distinguished from casual interaction relationships and can assist

  18. Impact of Light Salt Substitution for Regular Salt on Blood Pressure of Hypertensive Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Lôbo de Almeida Barros

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown sodium restriction to have a beneficial effect on blood pressure (BP of hypertensive patients. Objective: To evaluate the impact of light salt substitution for regular salt on BP of hypertensive patients. Methods: Uncontrolled hypertensive patients of both sexes, 20 to 65 years-old, on stable doses of antihypertensive drugs were randomized into Intervention Group (IG - receiving light salt and Control Group (CG - receiving regular salt. Systolic BP (SBP and diastolic BP (DBP were analyzed by using casual BP measurements and Home Blood Pressure Monitoring (HBPM, and sodium and potassium excretion was assessed on 24-hour urine samples. The patients received 3 g of salt for daily consumption for 4 weeks. Results: The study evaluated 35 patients (65.7% women, 19 allocated to the IG and 16 to the CG. The mean age was 55.5 ± 7.4 years. Most participants had completed the Brazilian middle school (up to the 8th grade; n = 28; 80.0%, had a family income of up to US$ 600 (n = 17; 48.6% and practiced regular physical activity (n = 19; 54.3%. Two patients (5.7% were smokers and 40.0% consumed alcohol regularly (n = 14. The IG showed a significant reduction in both SBP and DBP on the casual measurements and HBPM (p < 0.05 and in sodium excretion (p = 0.016. The CG showed a significant reduction only in casual SBP (p = 0.032. Conclusions: The light salt substitution for regular salt significantly reduced BP of hypertensive patients.

  19. The Epidemiology of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders among Young People in Northern Tanzania.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel M Francis

    Full Text Available Alcohol use is a global public health problem, including as a risk factor for HIV infection, but few data are available on the epidemiology of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders (AUD among young people in sub-Saharan Africa.We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 4 groups of young people aged 15-24 years old (secondary school students, college/university students, employees of local industries and casual labourers in two regions (Kilimanjaro and Mwanza of northern Tanzania. Using a multistage stratified random sampling strategy, we collected information on demographics, alcohol use, and behavioural factors. We screened severity of alcohol use using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT and estimated the quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption using the timeline-follow-back-calendar (TLFB method.A total of 1954 young people were surveyed. The prevalence of reported alcohol use was higher among males (47-70% ever users and 20-45% current users than females (24-54% ever users and 12-47% current users. Prevalence of use was substantially higher in Kilimanjaro than Mwanza region. In both regions, participants reported high exposure to alcohol advertisements, and wide alcohol availability. College students reported the highest prevalence of current alcohol use (45% among males; 26% among females and of heavy episodic drinking (71% among males; 27% among females followed by casual labourers. Males were more likely to have AUD (an AUDIT score ≥8 than females, with 11-28% of males screening positive for AUD. Alcohol use was associated with male gender, being in a relationship, greater disposable income, non-Muslim religion and a higher number of sexual partners.Alcohol use is a significant problem among young people in northern Tanzania. There is an urgent need to develop, pilot and deliver interventions to help young people delay initiation and reduce levels of harmful drinking, particularly among college students and casual

  20. Behaviour patterns which may predispose to HIV infection or further transmission and possible intervention strategy in the City of Harare. Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyo, I M; Ray, C S; Chisvo, D; Gumbo, N; Low, A; Katsumbe, T M; Mbengeranwa, O L

    1993-11-01

    The proportion of people with AIDS is increasing rapidly in Zimbabwe. Several strategies have been adopted to check the further spread of the disease. This paper discusses the behaviour patterns which may predispose to HIV infection and possible intervention strategies that may be taken in the City of Harare. Over a third (33.9 pc, n = 1,526) of the married respondents reported that they were living separately from their spouses. There was a high proportion (76.6 pc, n = 564) of single respondents who admitted to engaging in premarital sex. Fifteen pc of total respondents were engaging in casual sex. The proportion of single respondents (31.2 pc) engaging in casual sex was higher than among the married (11.1 pc). More single respondents (10.9 pc) had been paid for sex than the married (4.1 pc) whilst the proportion that had been paid for sex was similar for the single (21.2 pc) and the married (22.9 pc). The median age for starting sex was 17 years (range = three to 26) for the single and 18 years (range = four to 35) for the married respondents. Sixteen pc stated that they had an STD in 1989. Condom usage was low with only 9.2 pc always using a condom. Forty eight pc of the married respondents who have engaged in casual sexual relationships never use condoms. The main source of information on AIDS/HIV was the radio (74 pc). Most parents (66 pc) had not talked about AIDS to their children. PMID:8055550

  1. Attitudes and behaviour towards convenience food and food waste in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinson, Lucy J; Russell, Jean M; Barker, Margo E

    2016-08-01

    Households in the UK discard much food. A reduction in such waste to mitigate environmental impact is part of UK government policy. This study investigated whether household food waste is linked to a lifestyle reliant on convenience food in younger consumers. A survey of 928 UK residents aged 18-40 years and responsible for the household food shopping (male n = 278; female n = 650) completed an online questionnaire designed to measure attitudes to convenience food and to quantify household food waste. Cluster analysis of 24 food-related lifestyle factors identified 5 consumer groups. General linear modelling techniques were used to test relationships between the purchase frequency of convenience food and household food waste. From the cluster analysis, five distinct convenience profiles emerged comprising: 'epicures' (n = 135), 'traditional consumers' (n = 255), 'casual consumers' (n = 246), 'food detached consumers' (n = 151) and 'kitchen evaders' (n = 141). Casual consumers and kitchen evaders were the most reliant on convenience food and notably were the most wasteful. The demographic profile of kitchen evaders matched the population groups currently targeted by UK food waste policy. Casual consumers represent a new and distinct group characterised by "buy a lot and waste a lot" behaviour. Household size, packaging format, price-awareness and marketing all appear to influence levels of food waste. However, it seems that subtle behavioural and sociocultural factors also have impact. Further research is needed to elucidate the factors that mediate the positive association between the purchase of convenience food and reported food waste in order to inform food waste policy and initiatives. PMID:26993575

  2. The impact of secondhand smoke on children: respiratory and other medical concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lounsbery, Mark G; Bubak, Mark E

    2009-01-01

    Secondhand smoke (SHS) is commonplace in South Dakota. It is casually linked to an increased incidence and severity of childhood and adult asthma; lower respiratory tract infections; symptoms of cough, wheeze, phlegm; acute and chronic otitis media; sudden infant death syndrome; cancers; prematurity; and cardiovascular disease. At this time, the development of specific allergy cannot be causally linked. As there is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke, tobacco smoking cessation is the only effective treatment and should be actively pursued at every opportunity. PMID:19363888

  3. III. Significación y retos de la modernización

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseau, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    EL NUEVO NACIONALISMO: LA MODERNIZACIÓN ENTRAMPADA EN LA TRADICIÓN Hasta el tercer informe, la modernización lo parecía todo. La frecuencia de su empleo la había convertido en meta imprescindible, en cualquier ámbito. El llamado al nacionalismo vino a matizar y a orientar este enfoque: modernización y nacionalismo se complementan. Hablar de ″nuevo nacionalismo″ y no de ″nacionalismo″ tampoco es casual, pues marca una diferencia valorativa. Permite recoger los valores del pasado que son útiles...

  4. Increasing safer sexual behavior among Lao kathoy through an integrated social marketing approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longfield Kim

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although HIV prevalence has remained low in Laos thus far, there is reason to be concerned that Lao male-to-female (MtF transgender persons (kathoy and their partners may facilitate the spread of HIV. Little is known about how to most effectively reach kathoy with HIV prevention programming. This paper evaluates an intervention with Lao kathoy with the objective of increasing safe sex with regular and casual partners. Methods Quantitative surveys were administered in November 2004 (n = 288 and June 2006 (n = 415 using time location sampling at venues where kathoy were known to congregate. Respondents were aged 15-35 and from three urban centers in Laos. UNIANOVA tests were used to compare baseline and follow-up survey data and to evaluate the impact of PSI's kathoy-specific interventions on items that changed significantly over time. Results Exposure to the intervention was associated with higher levels of condom use at last anal sex with casual partners and greater use of water-based lubricant. Exposure was also linked to improved perceptions of product availability for condoms and water-based lubricant. Knowledge about the importance of consistent condom use improved over time as well as the need to use condoms with regular partners. Some HIV knowledge decreased over time and the intention to use condoms with casual partners when water-based lubricant is available also declined. Conclusions Study results demonstrate the feasibility of reaching kathoy with an integrated social marketing approach; combining product promotion, peer education, and other types of interpersonal communication. The approach was successful at increasing condom use with casual partners and water-based lubricant use, but the importance of using condoms along with water-based lubricant must be emphasized and modified strategies are required for improving condom use with boyfriends. Future messages should emphasize consistent condom use with all types

  5. Let’s go to Graceland: the drama of Stewart Parker (1941 - 1988)

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Terence

    2012-01-01

    Belfast as a city has had a rough literary history. As the blackest heart of the black north literary portrayal of the city has often been casually stereotypical and the city itself has almost equally often seemed to oblige the literary imagination by running true to type. “A city built upon mud / A culture built upon profit” was MacNeice’s disdainful estimate in Autumn Journal and plenty of successors have been all too inclined to take him at his word. They forget or perhaps don’t know that ...

  6. In-service maintenance in Electricite de France PWR type nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Study of the various aspects of in service maintenance considering in service or off-service equipments; inspection of in service equipment (mobile-turbines, rotors or fixed equipments) is continuous, periodical or casual, while observed parameters evolution is analyzed and compared to standards; inspections of the off-service equipments permit interventions on the redundant devices and use of reconditioned spares. Equipment behaviour analysis makes possible identification of the operation to be realized during shutdown and utilization of reconditioned spares reduces the servicing volume

  7. Power-Law Entropy Corrected Ricci Dark Energy and Dynamics of Scalar Fields

    OpenAIRE

    Pasqua, Antonio(Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Via Valerio, No. 2, 34127 Trieste, Italy); Jamil, Mubasher; Myrzakulov, Ratbay; Majeed, Bushra

    2012-01-01

    Motivated by the holographic principle, it has been suggested that the Dark Energy (DE) density can be inversely proportional to the area $A$ of the event horizon of the universe. However, this kind of model would have a casuality problem. In this work, we study the power-law entropy corrected holographic DE (PLECHDE) model in the non-flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe, with the future event horizon replaced by the average radius of the Ricci scalar curvature. We derive the equation of ...

  8. The first Jeans Order at Canton Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maggie

    2008-01-01

    @@ Back to 1986,at the Autumn Fair,several jeans were casually scattered at a small exhibition booth,and a salesman stood nearby with an anxious look.This is Xiaobo,a professional worker from Guangdong Textile Import&Export Corporation,who was waiting for the market to testify the new jeans produced by them.Beyond his imagination,these jeans became the first Jeans made in Guangdong exporting to the USA.From scratch to the scaled jeans processing place,Guangdong jeans have already taken up 60 percent shares in today's jeans exporting market in China.

  9. Fibroma cemento-osificante mandibular: presentación de dos casos y revisión de la literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchís Bielsa, José María; Peñarrocha Diago, Miguel; Balaguer Martínez, José; Camacho, F.

    2004-01-01

    Presentamos dos casos clínicos de lesiones radiotransparentes mandibulares en mujeres jóvenes, que simularon patología infecciosa crónica periapical. En ambos el hallazgo fue casual puesto que no produjeron ningún tipo de sintomatología. En un caso se llegó al diagnóstico (tras la cirugía periapical y el estudio anatomo-patológico) después de realizar la endodoncia del diente implicado y comprobar la no resolución del área periapical. En el otro caso, cuya lesión abarcaba...

  10. 解本刊第4期的一句难句

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rosemary; Bill; Hofmann

    1999-01-01

    本刊第4期刊登了王云玉同志选注的一篇短文,题目是Frequent Sex HelpsKeep You Young。其中这样一段: And casual sex with different partners did not help prevent wrinkles. Ifanything, Weeks said, the stress and pressure made for premature aging.Masturbation(手淫) was a healthy alternative to sex, Weeks said, but would notbe as beneficial as copulation(性交). For monogamous(一夫一妻的) relationships,however, the instructions are clear: get out the candles and romantic music.

  11. Efecto en la ingesta de chicles con distintas concentraciones de xilitol sobre el flujo, Ph y concentración de Streptococcus mutans salivares en niños de edades comprendidas entre 6 y 12 años

    OpenAIRE

    Ribelles Llop, Marta

    2009-01-01

    La disminución de la caries dental no se ha producido de manera casual, sino que se debe a la aplicación satisfactoria de medidas preventivas adecuadas. Las estrategias preventivas se orientan hacia la intercepción de cada uno de los factores implicados en la etiología de la caries. Por tanto, la actuación del odontólogo se basa en: aconsejar modificaciones en la dieta; aplicar estrategias orientadas a aumentar la resistencia del diente, como la administración de flúor y la ...

  12. Elementary analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Snell, K S; Langford, W J; Maxwell, E A

    1966-01-01

    Elementary Analysis, Volume 2 introduces several of the ideas of modern mathematics in a casual manner and provides the practical experience in algebraic and analytic operations that lays a sound foundation of basic skills. This book focuses on the nature of number, algebraic and logical structure, groups, rings, fields, vector spaces, matrices, sequences, limits, functions and inverse functions, complex numbers, and probability. The logical structure of analysis given through the treatment of differentiation and integration, with applications to the trigonometric and logarithmic functions, is

  13. Analisis Faktor Risiko terjadinya Hipertensi pada Pasien Rawat Jalan di Poliklinik Penyakit Dalam Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Deli Serdang Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gurusinga, Dorothy Haward

    2016-01-01

    Hypertension is a degenerative disease which takes the risk of high death rate, casual life habit, eating pattern which tends to be fast food, and food which contains high fat, protein, and salt. It is estimated that 80% of the hypertension cases will increase especially in the developing countries in 2025, from 639 cases in 2000, become 1.15 billion cases in 2025. The prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia has reached to 31.7%. The objective of the research was to analyze the amount of ...

  14. Accidental open access and the hazards involved: Preliminary experiences on Internet-based publishing in a Peruvian university

    OpenAIRE

    Villanueva, Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    The importance of Open Access for developing academic and scientific research is beyond discussion. On the other hand, it is also certain that most OA initiatives have arisen from the academic communities of the developed world, assuming a whole set of practices and an ethos that is not necessarily shared all around the world. As an example of these differences, the case of a casual and non–intended approach to Open Access distribution of content, as it has happened in the Pontificia Universi...

  15. Stadiony piątej generacji jako „maszyny do życia”

    OpenAIRE

    Antonowicz, Dominik; Szlendak, Tomasz; Kossakowski, Radosław; Sipińska-Małaszyńska, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Modern multifunctional areas are designed to host a wide range of various events and provide comfortable space for both football fans and other guests. Modern arenas are places where ‚multi-sensory’ and ‚omnivorous’ needs of fans are met: As such, stadiums have become ‚machines for living’. This has serious social consequencesfor the segregation of fans – hardcore vs. casual consumer fans – that is built in the arena. This article analyzes the role of modern sport arenas in shaping t...

  16. Comportamiento Sexual y Autoeficacia para la Negociación de Sexo Más Seguro en Personas Heterosexuales

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Jiménez, David; Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Serrano-García, Irma

    2009-01-01

    La autoeficacia se le ha identificado como uno de los factores que puede facilitar o dificultar llevar a cabo sexo más seguro. Estudios revelan que las personas que están el relaciones estables usan métodos de protección menos frecuente que quienes tienen parejas casuales. Realizamos un estudio con 447 personas heterosexuales activas sexualmente. Les administramos un cuestionario dirigido a medir el comportamiento sexual, el uso del condón masculino y la práctica de la masturbación mutua, y l...

  17. Influencia de la historia de España (del siglo XII al XIX) en el periodismo especializado en ciencia

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Carlos Elías

    2001-01-01

    El periodismo especializado en ciencia y tecnología en España no ha alcanzado los niveles de los países anglosajones. Ello se pone de manifiesto no sólo por la relativa ausencia de suplementos destinados a ciencia en los periódicos generalistas sino, sobre todo, por la ausencia de portales de Internet en los que se divulgue la ciencia en español así como los logros en este campo de la comunidad hispana. Pero esta circunstancia no es casual: es el producto de una historia, la de la ciencia en ...

  18. Life Sciences Division annual report, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes the research and development activities of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Life Sciences Division for the calendar year 1988. Technical reports related to the current status of projects are presented in sufficient detail to permit the informed reader to assess their scope and significance. Summaries useful to the casual reader desiring general information have been prepared by the Group Leaders and appear in each group overview. Investigators on the staff of the Life Sciences Division will be pleased to provide further information

  19. Sexually transmitted infections among transgender people and men who have sex with men in Port Vila, Vanuatu

    OpenAIRE

    Vanessa Veronese; Caroline van Gemert; Siula Bulu; Tamara Kwarteng; Isabel Bergari; Steven Badman; Alyce Vella; Mark Stoové

    2015-01-01

    Despite high sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence in the Pacific, there are limited data on STIs and risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people (TG). In 2011, an Integrated Bio-Behavioural Survey recruited self-identified MSM and TG in Port Vila, Vanuatu. Descriptive findings were stratified by sexuality. Among 28 (55%) MSM and 23 (45%) TG, recent anal sex with male partners was more common among MSM (94% vs 71%; P < 0.1), including with casual (47% vs 35%), ...

  20. Scalability study of Guifi.net and mesh networks

    OpenAIRE

    García Fernández, Víctor N.

    2011-01-01

    A día de hoy, existen multitud de comunidades y asociaciones de usuarios particulares que crean y desarrollan iniciativas de conectividad ciudadana. De forma casual o profesionalizada, en pequeños grupos u organizados en estructuras de mayor tamaño, estas agrupaciones utilizan múltiples de tecnologías de comunicación, predominando las abiertas e inalámbricas, como base tecnológica para impulsar sus proyectos. Los expertos que materializan estas redes utilizan su tiempo libre, u...