WorldWideScience

Sample records for casual carpooling

  1. Estimating the Energy Consumption Impact of Casual Carpooling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Minett

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Some of the transportation energy consumed during peak commuter periods is wasted through slow running in congested traffic. Strategies to increase average vehicle occupancy (and reduce vehicle counts and congestion could be expected to be at the forefront of energy conservation policies. Casual carpooling (also called “slugging” is a system of carpooling without trip-by-trip pre-arrangement. It operates in three US cities, and has been suggested in New Zealand as a strategy for managing transportation challenges when oil prices rise. The objective of the paper is to find out if casual carpooling reduces energy consumption, and if so, how much. Energy consumption by single occupant vehicles; casual carpool vehicles; and a mix of buses and single occupant vehicles; are estimated and compared, and the impact on the rest of the traffic is calculated. The paper estimates that casual carpooling in San Francisco is conserving in the order of 1.7 to 3.5 million liters of gasoline per year, or 200-400 liters for each participant, much of which comes from the impact on the rest of the traffic. The paper concludes by calling for applied research to discover how to catalyze casual carpooling in other cities as a means of reducing transportation energy consumption.

  2. Intelligent Carpooling in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Niels; Møller, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Rural transportation is facing the challenges of the required mobility increasing and the public transportation parallel being limited to a deficient level. A new mobility application (app) based on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), called Intelligent Carpooling, can be a significant contributor...... to mitigate these challenges. This system uses ITS to plan and coordinate carpooling. A study in two Danish rural areas found that a markedly part of residents are interesting in Intelligent Carpooling, but also that they require knowledge of whom they are driving with and as well as planning the carpooling...

  3. Casual Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ole Ertløv

    2015-01-01

    Casual games have become a widespread activity that fills our leisure time. This article introduces to the phenomenon casual games – their definition and the history. Furthermore the article presents and discusses the experience of and engagement or immersion in playing these games as it is put f...... forward by recent research. The theoretical approach is based on media psychology, phenomenology and reversal theory. Finally it is argued that playing casual games is fundamental pleasurable to both paratelic as well as telic metamotivational states.......Casual games have become a widespread activity that fills our leisure time. This article introduces to the phenomenon casual games – their definition and the history. Furthermore the article presents and discusses the experience of and engagement or immersion in playing these games as it is put...

  4. Befuddling Business Casual

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ "Business casual"has taken on a negative ring,though the English call it "smart casual"which sounds a little more stylish.Popularized by IT businesses as an alternative to"international standard business attire,"business casual holds Steve Jobs and Bill Gates up as its paragons.

  5. Neighborhood Carpooling Project in Changqing Community in Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In the light of the increasingly severe traffic congestion in the city, the rising number of private cars on the road and the low occupancy rate of those cars, this paper explores the current legal obstacles to carpooling and proposes "neighborhood carpooling" as an innovative mobility project aimed at alleviating traffic pressure in the areas around residential districts and reducing the use of private cars. The paper begins by introducing the preparatory investigation, consultation and scheme design process, and then elaborates on the series of measures undertaken to ensure that the project runs smoothly, including the formulation and distribution of the proposal, establishment of carpooling stations, registration and management of carpooling information, signing of the voluntary undertakings, design of the carpooling stickers and encouragement of public participation through the media. The analysis of different data on the actual practice of carpooling and the results of the media survey shows that the "neighborhood carpooling" project can indeed reduce private car use and has achieved certain social benefits through media publicity. Finally, the paper points out that with the guarantee of the two-level management system involving the community administrative committee and the residents’ committees, effective community organization is the key to the successful operation of the project.

  6. Beyond Casual Observing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, R. J. Y.

    2009-03-01

    Amateur astronomers can go beyond casual observing and contribute to real scientific research and astronomy education. The evolutionary stages of an astronomer is discussed, from stargazing as a pastime to taking up a formal degree in astronomy and advancement of Astronomy as a fielf of study.

  7. Research on Strategy Control of Taxi Carpooling Detour Route under Uncertain Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available For the problem of route choice in taxi carpooling detour, considering the uncertainty of traffic and the characteristic of passengers’ noncomplete rationality, an evolutionary game model of taxi carpooling detour route is built, in which prospect theory is introduced and revenue of strategy is replaced by prospect value. The model reflects more really decision-making psychology of passengers. Then the stable strategies of the model are studied, and the influences of detour distance and traffic congestion on detour carpooling success are analyzed, respectively. The results show that when at least one route of which prospect values for two passenger sides are both positive exists, carpooling route can reach an agreement. The route is stable strategy of evolutionary game, and the passengers requiring short travel time tend to select the nondetour route. With the increase of detour distance and traffic congestion rate, the possibility of reaching an agreement decreases gradually; that is, possibility of carpooling failure increases. So taxi carpooling detour is possible under the certain condition, but some measures must be carried out such as constraints of detour distance and mitigation of traffic congestion to improve carpooling success probability. These conclusions have a certain guiding significance to the formulation of taxi carpooling policy.

  8. Casual Games and Casual Learning About Human Biological Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, C. Aaron; Gean, Katherine; Christensen, Claire G.; Beheshti, Elham; Pernot, Bryn; Segovia, Gloria; Person, Halcyon; Beasley, Steven; Ward, Patricia

    2016-02-01

    Casual games are everywhere. People play them throughout life to pass the time, to engage in social interactions, and to learn. However, their simplicity and use in distraction-heavy environments can attenuate their potential for learning. This experimental study explored the effects playing an online, casual game has on awareness of human biological systems. Two hundred and forty-two children were given pretests at a Museum and posttests at home after playing either a treatment or control game. Also, 41 children were interviewed to explore deeper meanings behind the test results. Results show modest improvement in scientific attitudes, ability to identify human biological systems and in the children's ability to describe how those systems work together in real-world scenarios. Interviews reveal that children drew upon their prior school learning as they played the game. Also, on the surface they perceived the game as mainly entertainment but were easily able to discern learning outcomes when prompted. Implications for the design of casual games and how they can be used to enhance transfer of knowledge from the classroom to everyday life are discussed.

  9. Factor analysis for successful website carpool%网络拼车成功的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭家美; 朱丽叶; 南香兰; 侯立文

    2013-01-01

    In consideration of the factors which influence Internet carpool,a carpool website is selected as data source,and regression analysis and Design of Experiment (DOE) are used to analyze the factors which influence carpooling behavior on the Internet and the impact strength of the factors influencing the actual carpool success and the number of carpool applicants.The results show that the number of carpool replies and clicks has positive impact on the success rate of carpooling.As for the carpool website,appropriate measures should be adopted to motivate the number of replies and clicks,thus to enhance the website activeness.From the perspective of society,higher involvement of carpool needs more government policy support.%针对影响互联网拼车的因素,选择某拼车网站为数据来源,采用回归分析和试验设计(Design of Experiment,DOE)方法,分析影响网上拼车行为的因素及其对实际拼车成功和拼车申请人数的影响强度.结果表明,拼车信息回复数和点击数对拼车成功率有正面影响;对于拼车网站而言,可以采取适当的鼓励措施提高点击数和回复数,从而增强网站活跃度;从社会整体而言,提高拼车参与率更需要有相关政策的支持.

  10. 40 CFR 52.263 - Priority treatment for buses and carpools-Los Angeles Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agencies to which legal authority has been delegated, shall establish the following system of bus/carpool... agencies to which legal authority has been delegated, shall establish the following system of bus and bus... § 52.263 Priority treatment for buses and carpools—Los Angeles Region. (a) Definitions: (1)...

  11. CARPOOLING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO IMPROVING TRANSIT ACCEPTABILITY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF POTENTIAL USERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keila Rodrigues De Moura

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The world is undergoing major changes due to technological innovations, which make life easier for people, however, has caused great impacts in relation to urban mobility and the environment. Traffic is one of the main problems of the modern era, however, difficult people leave the comfort of the car by collective alternatives. The carpooling or car sharing is an alternative for sustainable traffic improvement, since it can help to reduce the number of vehicles circulating on the public highway and hence to the environment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acceptance of carpooling among students of a college in the city of Botucatu, and to identify characteristics associated with interest in participating in a program of carpooling. For this, an observational study using a sample survey was conducted among the students of a public institution of higher learning, using a structured questionnaire to collect data, and the sample of students obtained through a random process. After collecting the data, they were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Goodman test to study the association between variables. It was found that only 5.5% of respondents did not have an interest in giving a ride to a colleague or employee of the institution and that gender, age, period studying and ownership of a vehicle are not associated with interest in participating in a carpooling program.

  12. The Frustrated Career: Casual Employment in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottschalk, Lorene; McEachern, Steve

    2010-01-01

    The use of casual staff, including casual teaching staff, is a common practice in Australian universities and the numbers of casual staff in the sector has increased significantly in the last decade. The traditional profile for casual teachers was that of industry expert and students. Recent research has shown that the casual teacher is now more…

  13. Can carpooling clean the air? The economics of HOV lanes, hybrid cars and the Clean Air Act.

    OpenAIRE

    Shewmake, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    Private vehicles are a significant source of air pollution in many areas of the United States. Areas with already high levels of air pollution are required by the Clean Air Act to take steps to reduce automobile use and the associated emissions. The behavioral implications of many travel demand management techniques are poorly understood. In this dissertation I focus on carpooling. Policy makers encourage commuters to carpool through High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes, fre...

  14. Exploring casual exergames with kids using wheelchairs

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, Kieran; Gerling, Kathrin

    2015-01-01

    Physical activity (PA) is important for health and well-being, but often PA is inaccessible for children using wheelchairs. In this work, we explore the potential of casual exergames to provide opportunities for physically active play. We apply existing wheelchair-controlled video games to explore children’s and parents’ perceptions of these games. Feedback shows that children and parents feel that casual exergames could be a valuable opportunity of offering wheelchair-accessible play, howeve...

  15. Stochastic Set-Based Particle Swarm Optimization Based on Local Exploration for Solving the Carpool Service Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Sheng-Kai; Jiau, Ming-Kai; Huang, Shih-Chia

    2016-08-01

    The growing ubiquity of vehicles has led to increased concerns about environmental issues. These concerns can be mitigated by implementing an effective carpool service. In an intelligent carpool system, an automated service process assists carpool participants in determining routes and matches. It is a discrete optimization problem that involves a system-wide condition as well as participants' expectations. In this paper, we solve the carpool service problem (CSP) to provide satisfactory ride matches. To this end, we developed a particle swarm carpool algorithm based on stochastic set-based particle swarm optimization (PSO). Our method introduces stochastic coding to augment traditional particles, and uses three terminologies to represent a particle: 1) particle position; 2) particle view; and 3) particle velocity. In this way, the set-based PSO (S-PSO) can be realized by local exploration. In the simulation and experiments, two kind of discrete PSOs-S-PSO and binary PSO (BPSO)-and a genetic algorithm (GA) are compared and examined using tested benchmarks that simulate a real-world metropolis. We observed that the S-PSO outperformed the BPSO and the GA thoroughly. Moreover, our method yielded the best result in a statistical test and successfully obtained numerical results for meeting the optimization objectives of the CSP.

  16. Stochastic Set-Based Particle Swarm Optimization Based on Local Exploration for Solving the Carpool Service Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Sheng-Kai; Jiau, Ming-Kai; Huang, Shih-Chia

    2016-08-01

    The growing ubiquity of vehicles has led to increased concerns about environmental issues. These concerns can be mitigated by implementing an effective carpool service. In an intelligent carpool system, an automated service process assists carpool participants in determining routes and matches. It is a discrete optimization problem that involves a system-wide condition as well as participants' expectations. In this paper, we solve the carpool service problem (CSP) to provide satisfactory ride matches. To this end, we developed a particle swarm carpool algorithm based on stochastic set-based particle swarm optimization (PSO). Our method introduces stochastic coding to augment traditional particles, and uses three terminologies to represent a particle: 1) particle position; 2) particle view; and 3) particle velocity. In this way, the set-based PSO (S-PSO) can be realized by local exploration. In the simulation and experiments, two kind of discrete PSOs-S-PSO and binary PSO (BPSO)-and a genetic algorithm (GA) are compared and examined using tested benchmarks that simulate a real-world metropolis. We observed that the S-PSO outperformed the BPSO and the GA thoroughly. Moreover, our method yielded the best result in a statistical test and successfully obtained numerical results for meeting the optimization objectives of the CSP. PMID:26890944

  17. Participants` ”Game” in Casual Conversation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena BONTA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper foregrounds the idea that any casual conversation may be considered as a serious game, at the level of which, different other games can be identified: the game of the participants, that of the code, context, message and contact. The paper, draws on Johan Huizinga`s conception about games and John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern` s theory of games, and represents an attempt of analysing just one kind of game in casual conversation, that is, that of the participants, in order to establish its main objectives and traits.

  18. Pathways from Casual Employment to Economic Security: The Australian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, John; Campbell, Iain; May, Robyn

    2008-01-01

    Casual employment is extensive and has been increasing for more than two decades in Australia. The concept of casual employment used in the Australian context is unusual, but it is directly linked to benefit and rights exclusion within the regulatory framework governing employment. The expansion in casual employment has spread across all sectors,…

  19. Understanding Casual-Leisure Information Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsweiler, David; Wilson, Max L.; Lunn, Brian Kirkegaard

    2011-01-01

    , they are typically related back to tasks, motivated by work or personal goals. This chapter, however, focuses on casual-leisure scenarios that are typically motivated by hedonistic needs rather than information needs, where people engage in searching behaviours for pleasure rather than to find information......Originally grounded in library and information science, the majority of information behaviour and information-seeking theories focus on task-based scenarios where users try to resolve information needs. While other theories exist, such as how people unexpectedly encounter information, for example...

  20. Strategies for Community Carpool Development in Xi'an%西安市社区拼车常态化发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张璇; 朱菁; 董欣

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid increase of private car ownership and ever worsening urban traffic congestion in Xi'an, community carpool has become one of the effective ways to relieve traffic congestion. Based on do-mestic and abroad carpool development experience, this paper discusses the existing conditions and prob-lems in carpool development in Xi'an through questionnaire survey and interviews. Targeting existing problems, the paper proposes implementable strategies for community carpool promotion. Firstly, carpool agencies are suggested to be established in the community with service platforms, stations, and signs to manage carpool travel;Secondly, safety assurance measures such as real-name registration system, neigh-borhood carpool agreements, and additional types of insurance are proposed to endure safe carpool service;Thirdly, providing policy support to encourage carpool travel by prioritizing carpool vehicle roadway us-age, promoting legislative improvement, and offering parking promotion policies.%伴随西安市私人小汽车保有量迅速增长,城市交通拥堵状况不断加剧,社区拼车模式成为缓解交通拥堵的有效措施之一.通过分析总结国内外拼车发展经验,采用问卷调查、访谈等方法对西安市拼车现状和发展问题进行解析.针对现状问题,提出社区拼车的实施策略:第一,成立社区拼车机构,通过拼车服务平台、社区拼车站点和社区拼车标志等措施管理拼车出行;第二,提供安全保障措施,通过设立实名认证体系、签订社区拼车协议、增加险种等措施保障拼车安全;第三,寻求政策支持,建议通过赋予多人乘坐的拼车车辆道路优先使用权、完善相关法律法规使拼车合法化、提供停车优惠政策等措施鼓励市民拼车.

  1. Redes bayesianas y redes neuronales como modelos del aprendizaje casual

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Mañanes, Javier

    2009-01-01

    [ES]Este trabajo trata sobre las redes bayesianas y neuronales como modelos del aprendizaje casual. [EN]This paper deals with bayesian and neural networks as models of casual learning. Trabajo de Fin de Máster del Máster en Neurociencias, curso 2008-2009.

  2. Creación e implantación en el Racó de un sistema para Carpool

    OpenAIRE

    Cuadrado Borbonés, Jordi

    2010-01-01

    El proyecto que se presenta a continuación, Creación e implantación en el Racó de un sistema para Carpool, surge para cubrir la necesidad de mejorar la eficiencia de los desplazamientos en vehículo privado a y desde el Campus Nord de Barcelona, generados por la propia actividad docente de la Facultat d’Informàtica de Barcelona. El proyecto se enmarca en la idea de una mejor gestión de la movilidad en cuanto al vehículo privado se refiere, llevándola a criterios más racionales y...

  3. Risky behavior in women with history of casual travel sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidson, M; Kallings, I; Nilsson, S; Hellberg, D; Mårdh, P A

    1997-08-01

    The aim of this study was to define epidemiologic and psychosocial characteristics of women with a history of casual travel sex abroad. The participants were 996 women seeking contraceptive advice, of whom 276 admitted that they had experienced casual travel sex. The remaining women served as a comparison group. In structured interviews, questions were asked about educational level, partnerships, reproductive history, contraceptive and drug use, smoking, and psychosocial factors such as wariness, success, and attractiveness. The women who had experienced casual travel sex were more often single, had more often experienced broken relationships, were more often smokers, and used alcohol or cannabis at a higher frequency. Their educational level was higher and a history of induced abortions was more common. The results of this study indicate that women with experience of casual travel sex not only take sexual risks but also take other risks that might represent a danger to their health. PMID:9263363

  4. Self-Enriching Ontology-Based Casual Learning Games

    OpenAIRE

    Nils Malzahn; Sabrina Ziebarth; Dominik Kloke; H. Ulrich Hoppe

    2015-01-01

    Computer games are currently one of the computer science applications with the highest amount of users. "Serious gaming" approaches try to use the attraction of playing games to convey serious content in an entertaining way. This paper presents a multi-agent-architecture for collaborative, serious and casual games. We are combining serious games with casual games, as these are known to have a high potential for frequent gaming by people of various social and educational background. To be flex...

  5. Swears in Context: The Difference Between Casual and Abusive Swearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Hansika

    2016-04-01

    Although swearing is taboo language, it frequently appears in daily conversations. To explain this paradox, two studies examined contextualized swearing in Indian and non-Indian participants. In Study 1, participants assessed the appropriateness of mild, moderate, and severe swears in casual and abusive contexts; in Study 2, participants completed contextual dialogues with mild, moderate, or severe swearwords. Results indicated that mild and moderate swears were more appropriate in casual settings than in abusive scenarios; severe swears were the most inappropriate, regardless of context. Mild and moderate swears were likely to be used to complete casual and abusive dialogues respectively, even though it was expected that severe swears would be compatible with abusive settings. Moreover, gender and nationality differences suggested that assessing appropriateness of swearing behaviour and likelihood of swearword usage provided independent and contrasting findings. Cultural variations in swearing behaviour, particularly contextualized swearing, and suggestions for further research are outlined. PMID:25480107

  6. An Approach for Casual Drug Users. Technical Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Erwin S., Ed.

    This publication was written to respond to the fact that many drug treatment centers receive inappropriate referrals of casual or recreational marihuana users from the courts for "treatment" as an alternative to jail. A drug abuse task force recommended that agencies give priority to abusers of the high-risk categories and to compulsive users of…

  7. Gender Identity Reflected from Language Use in Casual Conversation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Xin

    2015-01-01

    Language use can reflect social identities and the way a person is presenting himself or herself to other people. As to show how gender identities can be reflected from the discourse, a casual conversation was recorded and analyzed topic, amount of talking, and other language usage features.

  8. From Casual Work to Economic Security: The Case of British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacPhail, Fiona; Bowles, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of casual work in British Columbia is an important issue given that the increase in casual work has been greater in this province than in other provinces in Canada and given that the labour market has been substantially deregulated since 2001. In this paper, we analyse how individuals' casual employment status affects their economic…

  9. How to recover casuality for tachyons even in macrophysics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The postulate that negative energy particles do not exist (travelling forward in time) leads automatically to the ''re-interpretation principle'' by Stueckelberg and Feynman. It has already been shown that such a ''principle'', assumed as the third postulate of special relativity, ensures the validity of the law of (retarded) casuality both in standard relativity and in (extended) relativity with tachyons and with superluminal inertial frames. Our third postulate, moreover, alloys to one predict antiparticle existence in a purely relativistic context. The paper shown that the third postulate is sufficient to implement the law of casuality even in macrophysics, when usual macro-objects interact with micro-tachyons and macro-tachyons. To that aim, some tachyon kinematics is further developed, which can be useful even in understanding elementary particle interactions (and may be hadron structure). Many other related problems are discussed

  10. Chic and Casual Dress Collection for Qixi Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Qixi Festival, known as Chinese Valentine's Day, falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month and this year it falls on Aug. 23. To celebrate Qixi Festival, many businesses introduce Valentine's Day promotions to meet the needs of women and young girls during this romantic time of year. As a global fashion supplier, Merle Dress brings a fashionable and casual dress collection for a stylish approach to life.

  11. WikipediaViz: Conveying Article Quality for Casual Wikipedia Readers

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier, Fanny; Huot, Stéphane; Fekete, Jean-Daniel

    2010-01-01

    As Wikipedia has become one of the most used knowledge bases worldwide, the problem of the trustworthiness of the information it disseminates becomes central. With WikipediaViz, we introduce five visual indicators integrated to the Wikipedia layout that can keep casual Wikipedia readers aware of important meta- information about the articles they read. The design of WikipediaViz was inspired by two participatory design sessions with expert Wikipedia writers and sociologists who explained the ...

  12. Acoustic differences among casual, conversational, and read speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinnow, DeAnna

    Speech is a complex behavior that allows speakers to use many variations to satisfy the demands connected with multiple speaking environments. Speech research typically obtains speech samples in a controlled laboratory setting using read material, yet anecdotal observations of such speech, particularly from talkers with a speech and language impairment, have identified a "performance" effect in the produced speech which masks the characteristics of impaired speech outside of the lab (Goberman, Recker, & Parveen, 2010). The aim of the current study was to investigate acoustic differences among laboratory read, laboratory conversational, and casual speech through well-defined speech tasks in the laboratory and in talkers' natural environments. Eleven healthy research participants performed lab recording tasks (19 read sentences and a dialogue about their life) and collected natural-environment recordings of themselves over 3-day periods using portable recorders. Segments were analyzed for articulatory, voice, and prosodic acoustic characteristics using computer software and hand counting. The current study results indicate that lab-read speech was significantly different from casual speech: greater articulation range, improved voice quality measures, lower speech rate, and lower mean pitch. One implication of the results is that different laboratory techniques may be beneficial in obtaining speech samples that are more like casual speech, thus making it easier to correctly analyze abnormal speech characteristics with fewer errors.

  13. Gender and Casual Sexual Activity From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood: Social and Life Course Correlates

    OpenAIRE

    Lyons, Heidi A.; Manning, Wendy D.; Longmore, Monica A.; Giordano, Peggy C.

    2014-01-01

    The prevalence of casual sexual activity among teens and emerging adults has led to much public attention. Yet limited research has investigated whether the number of casual sexual partners per year changes as heterosexual men and women transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood. We considered the influence of social context and life course factors on the number of casual sex partners. We examined four waves of interviews from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) and used...

  14. Cognitive training with casual video games: points to consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniqued, Pauline L; Kranz, Michael B; Voss, Michelle W; Lee, Hyunkyu; Cosman, Joshua D; Severson, Joan; Kramer, Arthur F

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicates interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to determine transfer of training. We examined whether casual video games can broadly improve cognition, and selected training games from a study of the relationship between game performance and cognitive abilities. A total of 209 young adults were randomized into a working memory-reasoning group, an adaptive working memory-reasoning group, an active control game group, and a no-contact control group. Before and after 15 h of training, participants completed tests of reasoning, working memory, attention, episodic memory, perceptual speed, and self-report measures of executive function, game experience, perceived improvement, knowledge of brain training research, and game play outside the laboratory. Participants improved on the training games, but transfer to untrained tasks was limited. No group showed gains in reasoning, working memory, episodic memory, or perceptual speed, but the working memory-reasoning groups improved in divided attention, with better performance in an attention-demanding game, a decreased attentional blink and smaller trail-making costs. Perceived improvements did not differ across training groups and those with low reasoning ability at baseline showed larger gains. Although there are important caveats, our study sheds light on the mixed effects in the training and transfer literature and offers a novel and potentially practical training approach. Still, more research is needed to determine the real-world benefits of computer programs such as casual games.

  15. Cognitive training with casual video games: Points to consider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline L Baniqued

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicate interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to determine transfer of training. We examined whether casual video games can broadly improve cognition and selected training games from a study of the relationship between game performance and cognitive abilities. A total of 209 young adults were randomized into a working memory-reasoning group, an adaptive working memory-reasoning group, an active control game group, and a no-contact control group. Before and after 15 hours of training, participants completed tests of reasoning, working memory, attention, episodic memory, perceptual speed, and self-report measures of executive function, game experience, perceived improvement, knowledge of brain training research, and game play outside the laboratory. Participants improved on the training games, but transfer to untrained tasks was limited. No group showed gains in reasoning, working memory, episodic memory or perceptual speed, but the working memory-reasoning groups improved in divided attention, with better performance in an attention-demanding game, a decreased attentional blink and smaller trail-making costs. Perceived improvements did not differ across training groups and those with low reasoning ability at baseline showed larger gains. Although there are important caveats, our study sheds light on the mixed effects in the training and transfer literature and offers a novel and potentially practical training approach. Still, more research is needed to determine the real-world benefits of computer programs

  16. Cognitive training with casual video games: points to consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniqued, Pauline L; Kranz, Michael B; Voss, Michelle W; Lee, Hyunkyu; Cosman, Joshua D; Severson, Joan; Kramer, Arthur F

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicates interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to determine transfer of training. We examined whether casual video games can broadly improve cognition, and selected training games from a study of the relationship between game performance and cognitive abilities. A total of 209 young adults were randomized into a working memory-reasoning group, an adaptive working memory-reasoning group, an active control game group, and a no-contact control group. Before and after 15 h of training, participants completed tests of reasoning, working memory, attention, episodic memory, perceptual speed, and self-report measures of executive function, game experience, perceived improvement, knowledge of brain training research, and game play outside the laboratory. Participants improved on the training games, but transfer to untrained tasks was limited. No group showed gains in reasoning, working memory, episodic memory, or perceptual speed, but the working memory-reasoning groups improved in divided attention, with better performance in an attention-demanding game, a decreased attentional blink and smaller trail-making costs. Perceived improvements did not differ across training groups and those with low reasoning ability at baseline showed larger gains. Although there are important caveats, our study sheds light on the mixed effects in the training and transfer literature and offers a novel and potentially practical training approach. Still, more research is needed to determine the real-world benefits of computer programs such as casual games

  17. A Casual Revolution - Reinventing Video Games and their Players von Jesper Juul

    OpenAIRE

    Karl H. Stingeder

    2010-01-01

    Die These: Videospiele befinden sich auf einer Reise hin zu einem alltäglichen Kulturgut quer durch alle Altersgruppen. Welche Rolle spielen dabei "Casual Games" und "Hardcore Games"? Was ist das "revolutionäre" Element bei so genannten "Casual Games"?

  18. 合乘模式下司机收入公平模型及仿真%Driver Income Equity Model and Simulation under Carpooling Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇; 何瑞春; 肖强; 马昌喜

    2015-01-01

    针对出租车合乘模式下司机的收入问题,建立了合乘模式下司机收入公平心理模型,采用公平理论分析了司机的心理及行为,通过仿真计算,分析了合乘模式下乘客总需求量及司机公平心理对司机收入的影响.研究结果表明,乘客总需求对合乘模式下司机总体的平均收入有较大的影响,合适的供需比下实施合乘才能提高司机收入;在供需比较大时,司机争抢乘客的行为会导致司机个体收入差距增大,部分司机收入降低的现象;为成功实施合乘模式,必须考虑当地出租车市场的供需比情况,并且建立合理的措施以防范司机争抢乘客的行为出现.所得结论对出租车合乘政策的制定与管理有一定的指导意义.%Considering taxi driver psychology for equity, driver income under taxi carpooling mode is researched. Equity psychology model of driver income under carpooling mode is established, and psychology and behavior of drivers are analyzed based on equity theory. Then the influence of total passenger demand and driver behavior on income is analyzed through simulation. The results show that, the influence of total passengers demand on driver average income is large, and the appropriate ratio of supply and demand is the key factor of increasing driver income; when the ratio is big, the driver behavior for passengers causes the gap between drivers income increasing and some drivers income lowing; in order to implement successfully carpooling, it is necessary to consider the ratio of supply and demand of local taxi market, and establish reasonable measures to prevent driver behavior for passengers. These conclusions have a certain guiding significance to formulating taxi policy.

  19. The man/machine interface in information retrieval: Providing access to the casual user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Granier, Martin

    1984-01-01

    This study is concerned with the difficulties encountered by casual users wishing to employ Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. A casual user is defined as a professional who has neither time nor desire to pursue in depth the study of the numerous and varied retrieval systems. His needs for on-line search are only occasional, and not limited to any particular system. The paper takes a close look at the state of the art of research concerned with aiding casual users of Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. Current experiments such as LEXIS, CONIT, IIDA, CITE, and CCL are presented and discussed. Comments and proposals are offered, specifically in the areas of training, learning and cost as experienced by the casual user. An extensive bibliography of recent works on the subject follows the text.

  20. Are you a gamer? A qualititive study on the parameters for categorizing casual and hardcore gamers

    OpenAIRE

    Poels, Yorick; Annema, Jan Henk; Verstraete, Mathijs; Zaman, Bieke; De Grooff, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the parameters for categorizing gamers as hardcore or casual players and the relation between these parameters with special attention to gender differences. To investigate this, a qualitative persona-based focus group approach was employed, using a sample of 21 participants aged 18 to 37 years. Dependent on their average time spent on gaming, these gamers participated in a discussion on hardcore or casual gamers’ behaviour and attitudes. More particularly, the following ...

  1. The Using of Casual Style in ELT For Young Learners (Sociolinguistics Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Debora

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young Learners have less reinforcement to speak with others. One of the causes is the trend of formal or clumsy learning setting in emphasizing the speaking proficiency. Speaking based on the culture context also contribute them in increasing their motivation to express their ideas. Casual style as one of the language variations gives contribution in increasing students’ motivation to be more active in the class. The simply characteristics of Casual style can be memorized and applied easily. Casual style tends to adjust the culture of speaker in communication so it will be easy to be understood. Students also can use the utterances in their daily life because most of the utterances are familiar for them. The raising of  motivation from students will give positive effect for teaching and learning process, students, and also teachers.

  2. The sexual double standard and gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex among U.S. university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula England

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: A significant portion of premarital sexual activity is casual rather than in relationships, and commentators disagree on whether this is what women prefer. Objective: We examine gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex. We also assess whether there is a double standard whereby women are judged more harshly for casual sex. Methods: We use a large online survey of U.S. university students to examine gender differences with regard to attitudes and reports of sexual behavior. Results: While distributions overlap, the average man looks more favorably on casual sex than the average woman. Both sexes show substantial openness to relationships. We find evidence of a double standard: men are more judgmental toward women than toward men who have casual sex. Men appear to over-report and/or women to under-report intercourse and fellatio, suggesting that men see these acts as enhancing and/or women see them as diminishing their status. Conclusions: Women face more negative judgment than men when they are known to engage in casual sex, and they also report less interest in casual sex than men. Our analysis does not permit us to assess whether the double standard we find evidence of explains why women have less interest in casual sex, but we hypothesize that this is the case.

  3. Petalz: Search-based Procedural Content Generation for the Casual Gamer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risi, S.; Lehman, J.; D'Ambrosio, D.B;

    2015-01-01

    The impact of game content on the player experience is potentially more critical in casual games than in competitive games because of the diminished role of strategic or tactical diversions. Interestingly, until now procedural content generation (PCG) has nevertheless been investigated almost exc...

  4. Casualization of Academics in the Australian Higher Education: Is Teaching Quality at Risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lama, Tek; Joullié, Jean-Etienne

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the issues casual academics face in Australia and whether these pose risks to teaching quality. The logic of the rampant casualisation in Australian universities is exposed first (i.e., mainly flexibility and cost saving to offset drops in government funding), followed by a discussion on the theoretical risks casualisation…

  5. Professional Development and the University Casual Academic: Integration and Support Strategies for Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Katrina; Harreveld, R. E.

    2013-01-01

    Professional development is imperative for the currency and relevancy of a proficient teaching workforce in distance education, and in turn, the quality of programs being delivered. As participation in distance education within Australian universities is growing, with increasing numbers of academics being required to teach, casual employment of…

  6. From Casual Work to Economic Security; the Paradoxical Case of Self-Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Diane-Gabrielle

    2008-01-01

    The term "casual work" is not well defined in the literature and can include a diversity of types of employment. In this paper, we first present an introduction and definition of concepts related to job security and economic insecurity. Second, a view on the main labour market transformations, their causes and impacts, with more accent on…

  7. Malaria and Casual Sex: What Travelers Know and How They Behave.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagneux; Blöchliger; Tanner; Hatz

    1996-03-01

    Background: Travelers to the tropics have been reported to comply poorly with recommendations regarding malaria and AIDS. This study addresses the problem of influencing travelers' behavior through different approaches to conveying advice. Method: 3509 people attending a large travel clinic were randomly allocated to different interventions, including brochures about the implications of "sex tourism" and the possibility of participating in a contest assessing knowledge of malaria and AIDS. A comparison group (n = 607) of travelers to Kenya was contacted at an airport. Anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were sent to all travelers after their return. Results: Compliance with chemosuppressive regimen for malaria was 87%. Well-informed travelers did not protect themselves more efficiently against malaria. The efficacy of a given intervention was found to vary according to the age, sex, or travel experience of the participants. Of travelers, 51% reported casual sex abroad (M/F: 69/31). Thirty-eight percent of these contacts were unprotected. Casual sex abroad and condom use were correlated with a history of casual sex in the home country. Condom use was especially low in young women, who were also more likely to have casual sex with fellow travelers than with local partners. Eight percent of the "sex tourism" brochure readers had engaged in casual sex with local partners (all travelers, 4%). Conclusions: Lack of knowledge does not appear to be the problem. Travelers need to be motivated to put their knowledge into practice. Our results suggest that risks relating to malaria and AIDS are perceived in a different manner and that counseling should be individualized. Contest questions can help start a discussion on ethical and health-responsible behavior. The target group of the "sex tourism" brochure was reached, but their behavior appears not to have changed. Objective criteria can help physicians recognize "high-risk" travelers. Travelers need to be made aware

  8. Working in the margins women's experiences of stress and occupational health problems in part-time and casual retail jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeytinogla, Isik Uurla; Seaton, M Bianca; Lillevik, Waheeda; Moruz, Josefina

    2005-01-01

    Women workers dominate the labor market of part-time and casual jobs in Canada and other industrialized countries, particularly in the retail trade and consumer services sector. However, research into the occupational health consequences of part-time and casual jobs for this large group of women workers is still in its early stages. Emerging evidence suggests that part-time and casual jobs contribute to stress and result in health problems for women. To learn about the impact of part-time and casual jobs on women's experiences of stress and their resulting physical and emotional health, we conducted interviews and focus groups with occupational health and safety union representatives and female workers in retail and consumer services. Results show that stress is a major occupational health problem for these women, due to the working conditions in part-time and casual jobs, the psychosocial work environment, and the gendered work environment in the retail trade and consumer services. Stress from part-time and casual jobs results in repetitive strain injuries, migraine headaches, and feelings of low self-esteem, low motivation, and job dissatisfaction for women. The disconcerting implication of our research is that part-time and casual employment comes at a cost for some women.

  9. Estimating 24-hour urinary sodium excretion from casual urinary sodium concentrations in Western populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, Ian J; Dyer, Alan R; Chan, Queenie;

    2013-01-01

    High intakes of dietary sodium are associated with elevated blood pressure levels and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. National and international guidelines recommend reduced sodium intake in the general population, which necessitates population-wide surveillance. We assessed the...... utility of casual (spot) urine specimens in estimating 24-hour urinary sodium excretion as a marker of sodium intake in the International Cooperative Study on Salt, Other Factors, and Blood Pressure. There were 5,693 participants recruited in 1984-1987 at the ages of 20-59 years from 29 North American and...... European samples. Participants were randomly assigned to test or validation data sets. Equations derived from casual urinary sodium concentration and other variables in the test data were applied to the validation data set. Correlations between observed and estimated 24-hour sodium excretion were 0.50 for...

  10. The casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora of Zimbabwe based on herbarium and literature records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Maroyi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zimbabwe’s casual, naturalised and invasive alien plant species were analysed with regard to their habit, origin, mode or purpose of introduction and their invasion status in the country. This alien flora of 391 taxa belonged to 239 genera and 73 families, corresponding to 6.6%of the total flora of Zimbabwe. Of these, 153 (39.1% plant species were casual aliens, 154 (39.4% were naturalised and 84 (21.5% were invasive species. Most invasions in terms of numbers of alien species were in the central and eastern parts of the country. Asteraceae (53 species, Poaceae (48 species and Fabaceae sensu lato (49 species families were prominent in all the floristic regions of the country. Annual and perennial herbaceous species formed the majority of life forms of the casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora of Zimbabwe. Genera with the highest number of alien species were Ipomoea with nine species, Acacia and Euphorbiawith eight species each, Chenopodium and Senna with seven species each, Eucalyptus with six species, Oenothera, Physalis and Solanum with five species each. More than 49.6% of the alien plants in Zimbabwe originated primarily from South, Central and North America, followed by Europe (24.6%, Asia (23.8%, Africa (10.5% and Australasia (5.9%. Conservation implications: This research provides baseline information and historical invasion patterns of casual, naturalised and invasive alien flora in Zimbabwe. This inventory is a crucial starting point in trying to understand and initiate the management of biological invasions. This is also important for monitoring new introductions and management of existing alien plants in Zimbabwe.

  11. Romantic Partners, Friends, Friends with Benefits, and Casual Acquaintances As Sexual Partners

    OpenAIRE

    Furman, Wyndol; Shaffer, Laura

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with “friends with benefits” as well as with friends in general. Young adults were most likely to engage in sexual behavior with romantic partners, but sexual behavio...

  12. Selling points: What cognitive abilities are tapped by casual video games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniqued, Pauline L; Lee, Hyunkyu; Voss, Michelle W; Basak, Chandramallika; Cosman, Joshua D; Desouza, Shanna; Severson, Joan; Salthouse, Timothy A; Kramer, Arthur F

    2013-01-01

    The idea that video games or computer-based applications can improve cognitive function has led to a proliferation of programs claiming to "train the brain." However, there is often little scientific basis in the development of commercial training programs, and many research-based programs yield inconsistent or weak results. In this study, we sought to better understand the nature of cognitive abilities tapped by casual video games and thus reflect on their potential as a training tool. A moderately large sample of participants (n=209) played 20 web-based casual games and performed a battery of cognitive tasks. We used cognitive task analysis and multivariate statistical techniques to characterize the relationships between performance metrics. We validated the cognitive abilities measured in the task battery, examined a task analysis-based categorization of the casual games, and then characterized the relationship between game and task performance. We found that games categorized to tap working memory and reasoning were robustly related to performance on working memory and fluid intelligence tasks, with fluid intelligence best predicting scores on working memory and reasoning games. We discuss these results in the context of overlap in cognitive processes engaged by the cognitive tasks and casual games, and within the context of assessing near and far transfer. While this is not a training study, these findings provide a methodology to assess the validity of using certain games as training and assessment devices for specific cognitive abilities, and shed light on the mixed transfer results in the computer-based training literature. Moreover, the results can inform design of a more theoretically-driven and methodologically-sound cognitive training program.

  13. Between casual commitment and cross-media articulation – the faith of the Napkin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Petersen, Anja Bechmann

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the Napkin, a collaborative technology designed to support news reporters in their struggle to handle the integrated production of news stories to multiple media platforms. The Napkin was abandoned while we studied it, and this raised the questions of what...... and overview their relationships with other stories. The casual metaphor of a Napkin was in contrast to how commitments got perceived by reporters and editors. The paper uses these discussions to revisit the notion of articulation work...

  14. Precarious Pedagogies? The Impact of Casual and Zero-Hour Contracts in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lopes

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Precarious work is associated with and characterizes the effects of neoliberal policy—the transference of economic risk onto workers, the erosion of workers’ rights, the flexibilization and casualization of work contracts, self-responsibility, financial insecurity, and emotional stress. In the Higher Education (HE sector, the number of insecure academic jobs, especially zero-hour contracts for hourly paid teaching and short-term contract research, has grown exponentially in recent years in response to the structural and fiscal changes within universities, which reflect these global shifts. This paper presents findings from a pilot study conducted with academics on casual contracts in HE institutions in England and Wales. Qualitative interviews and focus groups were undertaken with teachers (lecturers and tutors on hourly paid and zero-hour contracts to examine the relationship between their contractual situations and pedagogical practices. The research broadly seeks to contribute to ongoing discussions concerned with the impact of neoliberalism on higher education and specifically highlights the case of contingent lecturers as casualties of the casualization of the academic labor force.

  15. Estimating the role of casual contact from the community in transmission of Bordetella pertussis to young infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poole Charles

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The proportion of infant pertussis cases due to transmission from casual contact in the community has not been estimated since before the introduction of pertussis vaccines in the 1950s. This study aimed to estimate the proportion of pertussis transmission due to casual contact using demographic and clinical data from a study of 95 infant pertussis cases and their close contacts enrolled at 14 hospitals in France, Germany, Canada, and the U.S. between February 2003 and September 2004. A complete case analysis was conducted as well as multiple imputation (MI to account for missing data for participants and close contacts who did not participate. By considering all possible close contacts, the MI analysis estimated 66% of source cases were close contacts, implying the minimum attributable proportion of infant cases due to transmission from casual contact with community members was 34% (95% CI = 24%, 44%. Estimates from the complete case analysis were comparable but less precise. Results were sensitive to changes in the operational definition of a source case, which broadened the range of MI point estimates of transmission from casual community contact to 20%–47%. We conclude that casual contact appears to be responsible for a substantial proportion of pertussis transmission to young infants. Medical subject headings (MeSH: multiple imputation, pertussis, transmission, casual contact, sensitivity analysis, missing data, community.

  16. Casual and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in children with renal scarring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloševski Gordana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Renal scarring is the most common cause of arterial hypertension in children. High blood pressure (BP and microalbuminuria contribute to the progression of chronic renal disease. OBJECTIVE The aims of the study were: to assess BP in children with renal scarring by continuous ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM in comparison to the casual method (CBP, and to determine the correlation between ambulatory blood pressure (ABP and/or casual blood pressure (CBP values and proteinuria in children with renal scarring. METHOD This forward-looking study comprised thirty-five children (26 girls and 9 boys, aged between 3-13 years, 10.4±3.9, X+SD. Blood pressure was measured using the casual method (CBP with a mercury manometer; BP was measured three times and the average was taken as a referent value. ABPM was performed using the oscillometric method with the Space Labs device, model 90207. RESULTS 45.71% of patients were classified as hypertensive by ABPM, while only 22.6% of CBP measurements were above the 95th percentile (p<0.01. "White coat hypertension" was present in 40% of the patients. Non-dipping BP alteration was detected in 37.14% of the patients. CONCLUSION Nocturnal systolic hypertension (systolic non-dipping alteration is very frequent in children with renal scarring. Nocturnal diastolic blood pressure, detectable only via ABPM, is positively correlated with proteinuria and may be an initial sign of the progression of renal scarring. ABPM is more sensitive than CBP in the evaluation of BP in children with renal scarring.

  17. Aneurysm and Neurocysticercosis: Casual or Causal Relationship? Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Agapejev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Four cases of suggestive inflammatory aneurysms in patients with neurocysticercosis have been described. We report a case of a 49-year-old woman who presented with subarachnoid haemorrhage from a right middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm and had a casual relationship with neurocysticercosis. At surgery, a viable cysticercus without signs of inflammation or thickened leptomeninges was found in the distal position of the aneurysm. Postoperatively, the patient received albendazole and dextrochlorpheniramine. In the subsequent three years, the patient was asymptomatic and took drugs to prevent convulsion and arterial hypertension. The relationship between NCC and the presence of cerebral aneurysm is discussed.

  18. Consistent Condom Use during Casual Sex among Long-Truck Drivers in Togo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaya, Issifou; Landoh, Dadja Essoya; Saka, Bayaki; Vignikin, Kokou; Aboubakari, Abdoul-Samadou; N’dri, Kouamé Mathias; Gbetoglo, Kodjo Dodji; Edorh, Atavi-Mensah; Ahlegnan, Komla; Yenkey, Holali Comlan; Toudeka, Ayawavi Sitsopé; Pitché, Palokinam

    2016-01-01

    Background In 2008, the proportion of truck drivers who were not systematically protected during sex was 63% with casual partners and 60% with sex workers. Despite the high level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and the growing awareness of the existence of the risk of HIV infection, condom use always encounters resistance among truck drivers in Togo. We sought to document the factors associated with condom use during casual sex among trucks’ drivers in Togo. Methods This was an analytical cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 and targeted truckers at truck station on the two main roads of Togo, Lomé-Cinkassé and Kodjoviakopé-Sanvee Condji. Results In this study, 1,782 trucks’ drivers and their helpers were interviewed. All were men, and their mean age was 28.8 ± 8.8 years. Trucks’ drivers were doing an average of 3 stops on their journeys and 1,229 (69%) of them had at least two years of experience in the work. Of the 1,782 trucks’ drivers, only 620 (34.8%) had consistently used condoms during casual sex in the last three months. In multivariate analysis, predictors were: education level (primary schooling: OR = 1.54; p = 0.002; Secondary schooling and higher OR = 1.38; p = 0.036), good knowledge of ways of HIV transmission (OR = 1.53; p = 0.000), tested for HIV (OR = 1.67, p = 0.000), duration in the profession (2–5 years: OR = 1.43, p = 0.008; more than 5 years: OR = 1.38, p = 0.027), and HIV risk’s perception (OR = 1.44, p = 0.000). Conclusion These results highlight factors associated with consistent condom use during casual sex by truck drivers in Togo. This is a key population group at high risk of HIV transmission toward which the national HIV/AIDS control program should strengthen the HIV prevention strategies. PMID:27071059

  19. Predictors for casual sex and/or infection among sexually transmitted disease clinic attendees in China

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, F.; Jia, Y.; Bin, S; C Li; Limei, S; Kristensen, S.; X. Sun; Xiao, Y.; Liu, J; Li, D.; Qu, S.; Vermund, S H

    2009-01-01

    To assess the risk factors for casual sex and infections among the sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic attendees in two disparate Chinese cities, an STD clinic-based cross-sectional study was conducted to provide demographic and sexual behaviour information. Participants were recruited from nine STD clinics selected by mapping strategy. STD prevalence was 69.4% (68.6% of men and 65.2% of women). The most common diagnoses were non-gonococcal urethritis (22.2%), genital warts (13.2%), syp...

  20. Low Carbon Concept:Functional & Green Casual Fabrics Are Enjoying A Favor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Starting from the low-carbon concept to practice in the specific production requires recollected thinking and judgments. It can be seen that "functional" and "green" casual fabrics are becoming more and more important evidently. From the trend to start businesses, enterprises could find an "ultimate goal" for low carbon in such production processes as matching the raw materials, printing processes, finishing and others, and then plus the careful planning of cost, the environmentally friendly and cost-effective products enable the enterprises to seize the market opportunities.

  1. Sexual behaviour among casual workers in an international nightlife resort: a case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bellis Mark A

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Young holidaymakers report increased sexual risk-taking abroad, yet little is currently known about the sexual behaviour of those who extend time abroad through casual work. Methods Information on sexual behaviour was collected via an anonymous questionnaire administered to British bar and nightclub workers in Ibiza (cases, n = 92 and British people visiting Ibiza for holiday purposes only (controls, n = 868. Results Four in five (80.5% cases who arrived in Ibiza without a partner had sex during their stay and of these two thirds (65.5% had unprotected sex. Cases were more likely to report sexual risk-taking in Ibiza than controls and reported greater numbers of sexual partners prior to their visit. However, they had fewer sexual partners per week of stay. Conclusion Casual workers in bars and nightclubs abroad are a key risk group for sexual health and a potential conduit for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. While they are an important target group for sexual health promotion, appropriately trained they are also ideally placed to deliver sexual health interventions to other young travellers.

  2. Hepatitis A outbreak among MSM linked to casual sex and gay saunas in Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazick, A; Howitz, Michael Frantz; Rex, S;

    2005-01-01

    During an outbreak of hepatitis A predominantly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2004, we did a case-control study to determine risk factors for infection. A case was an MSM >17 years, living in Copenhagen, with IgM positive hepatitis A infection diagnosed between...... June and August 2004, and without a household contact with a hepatitis A case before onset of illness. Controls were selected at the Copenhagen Pride Festival. The study included 18 cases and 64 controls. Sixteen of 18 cases and 36/63 controls had sex with casual partners (ORMH 5.6, 95% CI 1.......2-26.9). Eleven of 18 cases and 14/62 controls had sex in gay saunas (ORMH 4.2, 95% CI 1.5-11.5). Sex at private homes appeared to be protective (ORMH 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.7). Casual sex including sex in gay saunas was an important risk factor for the spread of HAV among MSM in Copenhagen. The results...

  3. Work Hard, Party Harder: Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour in Young British Casual Workers in Ibiza, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kelly

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. Methods: A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16–35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171. Results: 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3% used drugs. Almost half (43.5% of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%. Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Conclusion: Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  4. Seronegative spondyloarthritis and Darier’s disease: more than a casual association?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Cosso

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A 46-year old man, affected by Darier’s disease (DD, was seen because of right hand pain, later extended to shoulders and ankles. Physical examination showed swelling and tenderness of the wrist, metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints, of the right Achilles tendon’s enthesis and of the left knee, with psoriatic-like lesions of the scalp. A diagnosis of seronegative spondyloarthritis, supported by HLA-B27 positivity and by the magnetic resonance imaging fi nding of hand synovitis and unilateral sacro-iliitis, was made. The correlation between DD, spondyloarthritis and psoriasis has been already anecdotally reported. Further observations may clarify if this association is more than casual.

  5. Hepatitis A outbreak among MSM linked to casual sex and gay saunas in Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazick, A; Howitz, M; Rex, S;

    2005-01-01

    .2-26.9). Eleven of 18 cases and 14/62 controls had sex in gay saunas (ORMH 4.2, 95% CI 1.5-11.5). Sex at private homes appeared to be protective (ORMH 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.7). Casual sex including sex in gay saunas was an important risk factor for the spread of HAV among MSM in Copenhagen. The results...... are in accordance with findings in other European outbreaks. As the general immunity to hepatitis A decreases and the outbreak potential increases, we recommend health education and hepatitis A vaccination to all MSM not living in monogamous relationships, especially if they visit gay saunas or other places...

  6. Casual Video Games as Training Tools for Attentional Processes in Everyday Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroud, Michael J; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss

    2015-11-01

    Three experiments examined the attentional components of the popular match-3 casual video game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). Attentionally demanding, BJB is highly popular among adults, particularly those in middle and later adulthood. In experiment 1, 54 older adults (Mage = 70.57) and 33 younger adults (Mage = 19.82) played 20 rounds of BJB, and completed online tasks measuring reaction time, simple visual search, and conjunction visual search. Prior experience significantly predicted BJB scores for younger adults, but for older adults, both prior experience and simple visual search task scores predicted BJB performance. Experiment 2 tested whether BJB practice alone would result in a carryover benefit to a visual search task in a sample of 58 young adults (Mage = 19.57) who completed 0, 10, or 30 rounds of BJB followed by a BJB-like visual search task with targets present or absent. Reaction times were significantly faster for participants who completed 30 but not 10 rounds of BJB compared with the search task only. This benefit was evident when targets were both present and absent, suggesting that playing BJB improves not only target detection, but also the ability to quit search effectively. Experiment 3 tested whether the attentional benefit in experiment 2 would apply to non-BJB stimuli. The results revealed a similar numerical but not significant trend. Taken together, the findings suggest there are benefits of casual video game playing to attention and relevant everyday skills, and that these games may have potential value as training tools.

  7. Casual Video Games as Training Tools for Attentional Processes in Everyday Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroud, Michael J; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss

    2015-11-01

    Three experiments examined the attentional components of the popular match-3 casual video game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). Attentionally demanding, BJB is highly popular among adults, particularly those in middle and later adulthood. In experiment 1, 54 older adults (Mage = 70.57) and 33 younger adults (Mage = 19.82) played 20 rounds of BJB, and completed online tasks measuring reaction time, simple visual search, and conjunction visual search. Prior experience significantly predicted BJB scores for younger adults, but for older adults, both prior experience and simple visual search task scores predicted BJB performance. Experiment 2 tested whether BJB practice alone would result in a carryover benefit to a visual search task in a sample of 58 young adults (Mage = 19.57) who completed 0, 10, or 30 rounds of BJB followed by a BJB-like visual search task with targets present or absent. Reaction times were significantly faster for participants who completed 30 but not 10 rounds of BJB compared with the search task only. This benefit was evident when targets were both present and absent, suggesting that playing BJB improves not only target detection, but also the ability to quit search effectively. Experiment 3 tested whether the attentional benefit in experiment 2 would apply to non-BJB stimuli. The results revealed a similar numerical but not significant trend. Taken together, the findings suggest there are benefits of casual video game playing to attention and relevant everyday skills, and that these games may have potential value as training tools. PMID:26448498

  8. Can a Systematic Assessment Moderation Process Assure the Quality and Integrity of Assessment Practice While Supporting the Professional Development of Casual Academics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crimmins, Gail; Nash, Gregory; Oprescu, Florin; Alla, Kristel; Brock, Ginna; Hickson-Jamieson, Bree; Noakes, Caitlin

    2016-01-01

    There has been a threefold increase in the employment of casual academics in Australian universities within the last 20 years, to the extent that most teaching and marking is now undertaken by casual academics, also known as sessional staff. Yet, casualised teaching and assessment has been considered a risk to student engagement and success, and…

  9. Predictive value of casual ECG-based resting heart rate compared with resting heart rate obtained from Holter recording

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Nicholas; Dixen, Ulrik; Marott, Jacob L;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Assessment of heart rate (HR) from Holter recording may afford a more precise estimate of the effect of RHR on cardiovascular risk, as compared to casual RHR. Comparative analysis was carried ...

  10. An Exploatory Investigation of the Sales Forecasting Process in the Casual Theme and Family Dining Segments of Commercial Restaurant Corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Yvette Nicole Julia

    2001-01-01

    An Exploratory Investigation of the Sales Forecasting Process in the Casual Theme and Family Dining Segments of Commercial Restaurant Corporations Yvette Nicole Julia Green Committee Chair: Pamela A. Weaver Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management (Abstract) Sales forecasting is an essential tool for the planning function of corporate restaurant management. Accurate sales forecasts allow functional areas, such as marketing, advertising, human resources, and financ...

  11. McUniversities Revisited: A Comparison of University and McDonald's Casual Employee Experiences in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadolny, Andrew; Ryan, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    The McDonaldization of higher education refers to the transformation of universities from knowledge generators to rational service organizations or "McUniversities". This is reflected in the growing dependence on a casualized academic workforce. The article explores the extent to which the McDonaldization thesis applies to universities…

  12. Reasons for playing casual video games and perceived benefits among adults 18 to 80 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Ellenberg, Stacy; Akimoto, Kyoko

    2013-12-01

    Casual video games (CVGs) are becoming increasingly popular among middle-aged and older adults, yet there are few studies documenting why adults of different ages play these games, what benefits they perceive, and how regularly they play. The present study compared the online survey responses of 10,308 adults ranging from 18 to 80 years of age to questions regarding PopCap's popular free online game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). All respondents cited playing against friends as their main reason for playing. However, there were differences by age in the second most frequently cited reason. Middle-aged adults cited stress relief, and older adults reported that they seek the game's challenges. As a result of playing CVGs, younger adults noted that they felt sharper and experienced improved memory; older adults were more likely to feel that their visuospatial skills and response time benefited. Adults aged 60 and older had heavier patterns of game play than did adults under the age of 60 years. A significant number of respondents (14.7%) spontaneously noted that they felt that BJB had addictive qualities. CVG players seem to be drawn into this activity by its social nature and to a certain extent by its reinforcing properties. Once involved, however, they believe that they derive a number of benefits that, for older adults, appear to offset declines in age-sensitive cognitive functions.

  13. From casual stargazer to amateur astronomer how to advance to the next level

    CERN Document Server

    Eagle, Dave

    2014-01-01

    The beginning astronomical observer passes through a series of stages.The initial stage is hugely exciting and gives beginners a real buzz as they discover some of the faint fuzzy objects,  markings on the planets, rings around Saturn and the craters on the Moon. But as novice stargazers progress, they want to know what more there is than looking at faint fuzzy blobs or indistinct planet markings. Many novices jump to the conclusion – wrongly – that they need to spend lots of money on expensive equipment to progress.   “From Casual Stargazer to Amateur Astronomer” has been written specifically to address this group of budding amateur astronomers. Astronomy is much more than a quick sightseeing tour. Patient observers who develop their skills will start to appreciate what they are seeing, knowing exactly what to look out for on any particular night. Equally important, they will learn what not to expect to see.   This guide is for those who want to develop their observing skills beyond mere sightseei...

  14. Hashtags and retweets: using Twitter to aid Community, Communication and Casual (informal learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Reed

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the evolution of Web 2.0, or the Social Web, the way in which users interact with/on the Internet has seen a massive paradigm shift. Web 2.0 tools and technologies have completely changed the dynamics of the Internet, enabling users to create content; be it text, photographs or video; and furthermore share and collaborate across massive geographic boundaries. As part of this revolution, arguably the most significant tools have been those employing social media. This research project set out to investigate student's attitudes, perceptions and activity toward the use of Twitter in supporting learning and teaching. In so doing, this paper touches on a number of current debates in higher education, such as the role (and perceived rise of informal learning; and debates around Digital Natives/Immigrants vs. Digital Residents/Visitors. In presenting early research findings, the author considers the 3Cs of Twitter (T3c: Community, Communication and Casual (informal learning. Data suggests that students cannot be classed as Digital Natives purely on age and suggests a rethinking of categorisations is necessary. Furthermore, the data suggests students are developing their own personal learning environments (PLEs based on user choice. Those students who voluntarily engaged with Twitter during this study positively evaluated the tool for use within learning and teaching.

  15. Reasons for playing casual video games and perceived benefits among adults 18 to 80 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Ellenberg, Stacy; Akimoto, Kyoko

    2013-12-01

    Casual video games (CVGs) are becoming increasingly popular among middle-aged and older adults, yet there are few studies documenting why adults of different ages play these games, what benefits they perceive, and how regularly they play. The present study compared the online survey responses of 10,308 adults ranging from 18 to 80 years of age to questions regarding PopCap's popular free online game, Bejeweled Blitz (BJB). All respondents cited playing against friends as their main reason for playing. However, there were differences by age in the second most frequently cited reason. Middle-aged adults cited stress relief, and older adults reported that they seek the game's challenges. As a result of playing CVGs, younger adults noted that they felt sharper and experienced improved memory; older adults were more likely to feel that their visuospatial skills and response time benefited. Adults aged 60 and older had heavier patterns of game play than did adults under the age of 60 years. A significant number of respondents (14.7%) spontaneously noted that they felt that BJB had addictive qualities. CVG players seem to be drawn into this activity by its social nature and to a certain extent by its reinforcing properties. Once involved, however, they believe that they derive a number of benefits that, for older adults, appear to offset declines in age-sensitive cognitive functions. PMID:23971430

  16. How we capitalised on casual PBL facilitators' expertise and experience to add value to our medical programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Michelle; Arrigoni, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    While problem-based learning (PBL) has been widely implemented in medical education, it has been acknowledged to be resource-intensive, particularly in terms of academics' time. In some institutions, such as Bond University (Australia), casual facilitators have been employed (paid hourly) to oversee the PBL tutorials. Apart from considerable experience as PBL facilitators, they also have expertise as allied health professionals or biomedical scientists. Several facilitators have educational qualifications. Recognising that their roles have expanded beyond the PBL tutorial room, we canvassed PBL facilitators in terms of their contributions to Bond University's medical programme. We can report that our facilitators have contributed to the renewal of Bond's medical programme, from design (e.g. curriculum structure, case-writing) to PBL case reviews. They are also involved in formative and summative assessment. Facilitators identified that, because of their prolonged involvement with the students in small groups, they consider themselves more than facilitators of student learning. They are role models and personal guides. Recognising the value these casually employed facilitators have added to our medical programme, we will continue to develop their skills in, for example, reviewing cases and assessment. We recommend that if institutions do employ casual facilitators, their expertise and experience can add value to the curriculum and to students' experience. PMID:26067374

  17. Does casual sex harm college students' well-being? A longitudinal investigation of the role of motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrangalova, Zhana

    2015-05-01

    Engagement in casual sex (or hooking up) is generally feared to have negative well-being consequences; however, empirical evidence is inconclusive, pointing toward potential moderators. Using self-determination theory (SDT), we hypothesized that well-being following hookups would depend on the type and level of motivation for hooking up. A university-wide sample of 528 undergraduates completed online surveys at the beginning (T1) and end (T3) of one academic year. After controlling for demographics, personality traits (i.e., neuroticism and extraversion), prior casual and romantic sex, and T1 well-being, having genital hookups between T1 and T3 for non-autonomous reasons (i.e., due to self-imposed pressures, external contingencies and controls, or complete lack of intentionality) was linked to lower self-esteem, higher depression and anxiety, and more physical symptoms. Autonomous hookup motivation (i.e., emanating from one's self) was not linked to any outcomes. Compared to peers without hookups, those with high non-autonomy in their hookups typically had inferior well-being; this was not true of those with low non-autonomy hookups. Gender differences, implications for SDT and casual sex research, and implications for educational programs and clinical work are discussed. PMID:24496788

  18. Problem of probabilistic calculation of the design on linearly and non-linearly deformable basis with casual parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich

    Full Text Available In the article the problem of calculation of a construction basis system in case of earthquake is considered taking into account casual properties of basis soil in various points of the soil body. As a stochastic function in the calculation of linearly deformable basis, the deformation module, which accepts different values in the direction x, y, z, was chosen. In the calculation of the system on non-linearly deformable basis as incidentally distributed sizes the following parameters were accepted: deformation module, shear modulus, specific adhesion, angle of internal friction. The authors of the article offer to consider initial seismic influence in the form of casual stationary process. In order to solve such problems modern software systems are proposed that solve differential equations of motion via direct integration with explicit schemes. The calculation in this case will be held on the synthesized accelerograms. A short review of the task solution of the beam lying on elastic basis, which was received by D.N. Sobolev at casual distribution of pastel coefficient in the direction x, is provided in article. In order to define the objective, D.N. Sobolev gives expressions for a population mean and correlation function of stochastic function. As a result of the task solution population means and dispersions of function of movements and its derivatives were received. The problem formulation considered in the article is more complicated, but at the same time important from a practical standpoint.

  19. A Study of Engagement in Active and Passive Roles in Casual Leisure Occupations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne M. Fenech

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This article explores whether engagement with listening occupations varies depending on the occupational role or the level of sensory stimulation presented to participants with neuropalliative conditions. Method: The study used a multiple case quasi-experimental study involving marginal-participant timesampled observations of engagement of individuals with neuropalliative conditions, with casual leisure occupations using the Individual Child Engagement Record. Data was collected using the Individual Child Engagement Record with 14 participants (who had Barthel scores averaging 7/100. The participants represented a particular sub-group of individuals with profound levels of neurological disability. Results: The time-sampled observations of engagement showed a significant difference between the scores for the control condition, engagement in a potentially active role at a music-making group, and engagement in a passive audience role when listening to an audio recording. Therefore, passively listening to an audio recording appears to be less engaging than the potentially active role offered by the music-making group for participants with neuropalliative conditions. Conclusion: The small sample size and the use of a single observer without video recording backup compromised the reliability of the data while complying with the facility’s POVA policy. Switching on an auditory recording or broadcast, while easy to arrange, may not be sufficiently engaging to prevent boredom and occupational deprivation. Consideration of an individual’s sensory, support, and role preference should be undertaken when designing leisure occupations for individuals with neuropalliative conditions rather than simply switching on an audio recording or broadcast

  20. The Dynamics of Condom Use with Regular and Casual Partners: Analysis of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Survey of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Aphichat Chamratrithirong; Paulina Kaiser

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine factors associated with levels of condom use among heterosexual Thai males in sex with regular partners and in sex with casual partners. METHODS: The data used in this study are from the national probability sample of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Study, the third nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Thailand. A subtotal of 2,281 men were analyzed in the study, including young (18-24) and older (25-59) adults who were residents of rur...

  1. Risk Management in the AIDS Scenario: Strategies Adopted by Men Who Have Sex with Men in Casual Partnerships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Moraes De Luiz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this study was on risk management strategies used in the aids scenario. For this purpose the chosen scenario was the sexual practices of men who have sex with other men in casual partnerships. Theoretically, the study was based on the notion of risky life styles in its interface with the health promotion framework. By means of a snowball strategy we located ten men who agreed to be interviewed. These interviews were analyzed using discourse analysis techniques. The results suggest that in all cases information about risk for infection by HIV/STD derived from a diversity of sources were used as repertoires for making sense of risks. The analysis led us to propose that information serves as a safety belt that allows risk taking within a certain margin of safety, even though within a scenario of uncertainty.

  2. A casual alien plant new to Mediterranean Europe: Ceiba speciosa (Malvaceae in the suburban area of Palermo (NW Sicily, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasta, Salvatore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The abiotic and biotic characteristics of the first sites where floss silk tree behaves as a casual alien plant in the Mediterranean Europe are described. The species was probably first planted in botanical gardens of southern France few decades before mid XIX century. It was introduced in Palermo in 1896, a city which appears to match very well its climatic requirements. According to the available information on its biology and ecology in both its original and secondary range, the floss silk tree should not become an invasive alien plant in the Mediterranean. Nevertheless, several gaps need to be filled in order to increase our understanding of future trends of Ceiba speciosa in southern Europe, in particular, the eventual role of pollinators and seed dispersers outside the species’ natural range.Se describen las caracteristicas abióticas y bióticas de los primeros sitios del mediterráneo europeo donde el árbol palo borracho se encuentra creciendo como especie alóctona casual. Con respecto a la historia de su introducción, esta especie fue probablemente plantada en los jardines botánicos del sur de Francia unos pocos decenios antes de la mitad del siglo XIX. En 1896, sin embargo, fue introducida en Palermo, ciudad que parece satisfacer muy bien sus requerimientos climáticos. De acuerdo con la información disponible, tanto dentro como fuera de su área de distribución natural, el palo borracho no debería convertirse en planta invasora en el mediterráneo. Sin embargo, algunos vacíos de información deben ser completados antes de establecer su potencial invasor de una manera definitiva, particularmente, el posible papel de agentes polinizadores y dispersores fuera del área de distribución natural de la especie.

  3. Comparação e correlação entre automedida, medida casual e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A medida casual da pressão arterial (PA pelos profissionais de saúde está sujeita a uma grande variabilidade, sendo necessário buscar novos métodos que possam superar essa limitação. OBJETIVO: Comparar e avaliar a correlação entre os níveis de PA obtidos por meio da automedida da pressão arterial (AMPA com a medida casual e com a monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA. MÉTODOS: Avaliamos hipertensos que realizaram as três metodologias de medida da PA com intervalo menor que 30 dias; as médias das pressões foram utilizadas para comparação e correlação. Foram empregados os aparelhos: OMRON 705 CP (medida casual, OMRON HEM 714 (AMPA e SPACELABS 9002 (MAPA. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 32 pacientes, 50,09% mulheres, idade média 59,7 (± 11,2 anos, média do IMC 26,04 (± 3,3 kg/m². Valores médios de pressão sistólica (PAS e pressão diastólica (PAD para a AMPA foram de 134 (± 15,71mmHg e 79,32 (± 12,38 mmHg. Na medida casual as médias da PAS e PAD foram, respectivamente, 140,84 (± 16,15mmHg e 85 (± 9,68 mmHg. Os valores médios da MAPA na vigília foram 130,47 (± 13,26 mmHg e 79,84 (± 9,82 mmHg para PAS e PAD, respectivamente. Na análise comparativa, a AMPA apresentou valores semelhantes aos da MAPA (p > 0,05 e diferentes da medida casual (p < 0,05. Na análise de correlação a AMPA foi superior à medida casual, considerando a MAPA como o padrão de referência nas medidas tensionais. CONCLUSÃO: A AMPA apresentou melhor comparação com a MAPA do que a medida casual e também se correlacionou melhor com a aquela, especialmente para a pressão diastólica, devendo ser considerada uma alternativa com baixo custo para o acompanhamento do paciente hipertenso.

  4. The development of a model of education for casual academic staff who support nursing students in practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackay, Maria T; Brown, Roy A; Joyce-McCoach, Joanne T; Smith, Kylie M

    2014-05-01

    Nursing is predominantly a practice based profession where clinical placement for pre-registration nursing students is a significant component of their programme, as this is pivotal in achieving work readiness of the graduate registered nurse. It is therefore important to ensure nursing students have high quality clinical placements that are supervised by well-prepared experienced registered nurses. This paper discusses one component of the reconnaissance phase of a wider action research project being undertaken in a metropolitan university in NSW, Australia seeking to enhance the development and support of casual academic staff known as clinical supervisors who support students in clinical placement. The outcomes attributed to this project are the development of a participation model which has resulted in a collaborative partnership between the university and clinical supervisors and secondly, the embedding of solution focused ways of working and practice development into the program. The information from the reconnaissance phase of this project confirms the need for further research into the implementation of the participatory model to ensure that future education and support process are developed through collaboration. PMID:24176600

  5. Catering for large numbers of tourists: the McDonaldization of casual dining in Kruger National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Sanette L.A.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Since 2002 Kruger National Park (KNP has subjected to a commercialisation strategy. Regarding income generation, SANParks (1 sees KNP as the goose that lays the golden eggs. As part of SANParks’ commercialisation strategy and in response to providing services that are efficient, predictable and calculable for a large number of tourists, SANParks has allowed well-known branded restaurants to be established in certain rest camps in KNP. This innovation has raised a range of different concerns and opinions among the public. This paper investigates the what and the where of casual dining experiences in KNP; describes how the catering services have evolved over the last 70 years; and evaluates current visitor perceptions of the introduction of franchised restaurants in the park. The main research instrument was a questionnaire survey. Survey findings confirmed that restaurant managers, park managers and visitors recognise franchised restaurants as positive contributors to the unique KNP experience. Park managers appraised the franchised restaurants as mechanisms for funding conservation.

  6. Disclosure appraisal mediating the association between perceived stigma and HIV disclosure to casual sex partners among HIV+ MSM: a path model analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haochu; Chen, Xinguang; Yu, Bin

    2016-06-01

    HIV stigma is widely believed to be related to HIV disclosure. However, there is a dearth of studies examining the mechanisms that link stigma to disclosure. This is a specific study to assess the relationship between perceived stigma and HIV disclosure to casual sex partners based on a social cognitive theory. HIV+ men who have sex with men (MSM) from two US cities (N = 297) completed questionnaires administered using audio computer-assisted self-interviewing. Path modeling analysis was used to assess the theory-based structural relationships. Perceived stigma was negatively associated with attitudes, intention and behavior of HIV disclosure to casual sex partners. The association was fully mediated by disclosure appraisal, including disclosure outcome expectations, costs and self-efficacy. Findings of this study add new knowledge regarding HIV stigma and disclosure, and provide timely data supporting more effective behavioral interventions to encourage HIV disclosure among MSM. PMID:27009408

  7. The importance of, and satisfaction with, store attributes when buying casual wear : a study among black Generation Y consumers / by Stefanie Wilhelmina Kühn.

    OpenAIRE

    Kühn, Stefanie Wilhelmina

    2010-01-01

    Since the retail industry is marked by intense competition, retailers must examine the factors influencing the buying behaviour of their targeted consumers and ensure that they formulate a retail strategy that contributes to a pleasant consumer retail experience. Consumers' total retail experience is determined by numerous store attributes that interact, implying that apparel retailers (and stores selling casual wear in particular) should be concerned with store attributes that are important ...

  8. An Exploratory Study of Strategic Human Resource Management High Performance Work Practices for Unit Level Managers, in the Casual Segment of the Us Restaurant

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    The previous chapters described in detail the literature, theory and research on Co-alignment, RBV and SHRM that was the basis for the development of a construct for the conceptualization of HPWP in the casual theme restaurant sector of the US hospitality industry for management. Firms able to implement such HPWP systems possessing universality, i.e. complementary internal fit, have been shown to increase the intangible value of their human capital (employees) and create greater economic val...

  9. The Causality of Casualness in the Translations of World Poetry: Jorie Graham vs Mary Oliver in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Loreto

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores the impact of poetry translation on the circulation of the works of American poets in Italy. The research is conducted by means of a double approach: in the first place, the aesthetic and cultural value of the poetry of two American women poets (Jorie Graham and Mary Oliver is assessed, whose work has received a radically different reception. Secondly, the reasons for this disparity of treatment are sought in the interrelation between the practices and activity of poetry translation and of publication, as they are customarily led in Italy. These are inferred from sample interviews with professionals in both fields. The results of the investigation highlight a combination of the casual and the causal, the causing factor being the occasional encounter of a poet with a translator, who then chooses his/her author, texts, and translating strategies according to his/her personal aesthetic, and sometimes ideological, judgment. Il saggio offre un’analisi dell’influenza delle traduzioni sulla circolazione della poesia americana contemporanea in Italia. La ricerca si articola in due momenti: in primo luogo viene fornita una valutazione estetica e culturale dell’opera di due poetesse americane, Jorie Graham e Mary Oliver, la cui ricezione in Italia è particolarmente significativa perché sta conoscendo fortune opposte; in secondo luogo viene condotta un’indagine dei motivi di questa disparità di trattamento nell’interazione tra le pratiche di traduzione e le dinamiche di pubblicazione in atto in Italia. Queste sono state dedotte da alcune interviste campione con professionisti dei due campi. I risultati hanno evidenziato una combinazione di fattori casuali e causali, nella quale l’incontro personale e a volte fortuito tra un poeta e un traduttore mette in moto strategie di selezione e di traduzione motivate da ragioni estetiche e a volte ideologiche. 

  10. A cross-sectional study of associations between casual partner, friend discrimination, social support and anxiety symptoms among Chinese transgender women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaoshi; Wang, Lie; Gu, Yuan; Song, Wei; Hao, Chun; Zhou, Jinling; Zhang, Qun; Zhao, Qun

    2016-10-01

    Anxiety symptoms are the prevalent mental disorders for transgender women. However, only a few studies are available pertaining to this problem among Chinese Transgender women. Chinese Transgender women are a vulnerable population which is exposed to discrimination and loss of social support due to their gender identity and transition. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety symptoms among Chinese transgender women. A cross-sectional study was performed by convenience sampling. This comprised of 209 Chinese transgender women in Shenyang, China. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to assess anxiety symptoms for these transgender women. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the associated factors of SAS. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in Chinese transgender women was found to be 34.5%. Regression analyses indicated that SAS was associated with casual partnership, friend discrimination and social support in the final model. Sexual partnership and discrimination contributed the most to the model, R-square, accounting for 19.2% and 15.5% of the total variance respectively. Chinese transgender women showed considerably high level of anxiety symptoms. It was also found that they were exposed to significant transition challenges, such as high risk sexual partnership, excessive discrimination and a reduction in social support. Furthermore, anxiety symptoms was best predicted by the absence or presence of a casual partner, friend discrimination and social support rather than the disclosure of their gender identity, knowledge of HIV prevention and health service. Improvement of social support, reduction of friend discrimination and determination of the characteristics of risky sexual partnerships especially for the casual partner can help to attenuate anxiety symptoms and increase mental well-being for transgender women. PMID:27267953

  11. Casual sex and concurrent sexual partnerships among young people from an Yi community with a high prevalence of HIV in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Yang; Rong-Sheng Luan; Peng Liu; Chun-Lin Wu; Ying Zhou; Wen Chen

    2012-01-01

    Liangshan Prefecture in Sichuan province,China,has a high prevalence of HIV infection,which is reflective of a change in the mode of transmission from injection drug use (IDU) to heterosexual intercourse.However,few studies focus on HIV-related heterosexual risk behaviours among the majority Yi population.The objectives of this study were to explore the characteristics of an egocentric sexual network and estimate the prevalence of casual sexual behaviour.Yi villagers (n=108),aged 15-35 years,who reported having had sex within the previous year were interviewed as to their sexual behaviours and networks.In-depth interviews and focus group discussions provided supplementary information on sexual norms.Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Most of the respondents reported having had casual sex at some time in their life,and 66.7%reported multiple sexual partnerships.Only 21.3% reported ever having used a condom.During the study year,a total of 137 partners were involved in 153 sexual partnerships.Among the reported sexual partnerships,67.3% originated from a casual sexual relationship.For network members in components of size ≥ 3,56.9% were involved in concurrent sexual partnerships.Having never been married (OR:2.11; 95% CI:1.03-4.33).and younger age (OR:0.89; 95% CI:0.83-0.95) were both associated with being in a component of size ≥ 3.Size (OR:2.99; 95% CI:1.17-7.66),pair (OR:0.54; 95% CI:0.39-0.74),the number of weakcomponents of the egocentric sexual network (OR:30.04; 95% CI:6.47-139.46) and gender (OR:0.19; 95% CI:0.06-0.67) were all associated with being in concurrent sexual partnerships.HIV-related interventions for the-Yi ethnic minority in Sichuan province must therefore address concurrent sexual partnerships and promote condom use.

  12. Compensation Method for Texture Mapping Using Casual Images%随意图像纹理映射的补偿方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小丹; 佟鹏

    2012-01-01

    The local photogrammetry texture mapping using casual images is a new 3D model texture mapping method, but there is texture distortion from lack of local texture. A compensation method of texture mapping was presented. On the basis of the local photogrammetry and constraint parameters texture mapping method,according to the relationship between the model and casual images, the area of texture missing is determined. The minimum rigid-body dynamics inertia determination method and mirror image method are utilized to search for the symmetry plane within the scope of model mapping. The texture information of the symmetric points is got to implement compensation of texture mapping for the area of texture missing. Experimental results show that,for the local symmetrical 3D model,the area of texture missing is complemented,and the texture stretching distortion is eliminated.%基于局部摄影测量学的随意图像纹理映射是一种新的三维模型纹理映射方法,但其存在由局部纹理缺失引起的纹理失真问题.提出一种纹理映射的补偿方法,即在局部摄影测量学和约束参数纹理映射方法的基础上,根据随意图像与模型的关系确定纹理缺失区域,采用刚体转动惯量极小值测定方法和镜像方法寻找模型待映射范围内的对称面,用对称点的纹理信息对纹理缺失区域进行纹理映射补偿.实验结果表明,对于有局部对称面的三维模型,补足了缺失的纹理,消除了纹理拉伸失真现象.

  13. Invasive, naturalized and casual alien plants in southern Africa: a sum­mary based on the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Henderson

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this publication is to provide an overview of the species identity, invasion status, geographical extent, and abundance of alien plants in South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho, based on field records from 1979 to the end of 2000. The dataset is all the species records for the study area in the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA database during this time period. A total of 548 naturalized and casual alien plant species were catalogued and invasion was recorded almost throughout the study area. Most invasion, in terms of both species numbers and total species abundance, was recorded along the southern, southwestern and eastern coastal belts and in the adjacent interior. This area includes the whole of the Fynbos and Forest Biomes, and the moister eastern parts of the Grassland and Savanna Biomes. This study reinforces previous studies that the Fynbos Biome is the most extensively invaded vegetation type in South Africa but it also shows that parts of Savanna and Grassland are as heavily invaded as parts of the Fynbos. The Fabaceae is prominent in all biomes and Acacia with 17 listed species, accounts for a very large proportion of all invasion. Acacia mearmii was by far the most prominent invasive species in the study area, followed by A. saligna, Lantana camara, A. cyclops, Opuntia ficus-indica. Solarium mauritianum, Populus alba/xcanescens, Melia azedarach, A. dealbata and species of Prosopis.

  14. Concept,feature and practical logic:local study on casual sex%概念、特征与实践逻辑:偶遇性性行为的本土化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中一

    2015-01-01

    The casual sex is the sexual behavior,in a particular social context,based on sexual attraction and interpersonal contact.The essential characteristic of the casual sex includes three aspects.First,it is happed in situation of situationality;second,it is interpersonal interaction.Third,the expected development is uncertainty. Meanwhile,the practical logic of casual sex makes the process of random acts accompanied by significantly higher in the health and social risks.%偶遇性性行为就是在特定社会情境中,以人际互动为基础,基于激情或性的吸引而发生的短暂性接触行为。偶遇性性行为具有行动的情境性、人际关系的互动性以及发展预期的不确定性等三个方面的本质特征。同时,偶遇性性行为特有的实践逻辑,也使得偶遇性性行为在过程中伴随着较高的健康和社会风险。

  15. 四川省凉山州某县彝族村民偶遇性行为调查%Analysis of an Investigation of Casual Sexual Behaviors among Yi Ethnic Villagers in One County in Liangshan of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨义; 吴春霖; 刘鹏; 周颖; 陈文; 罗清国; 徐强; 栾荣生

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the current situations and influential factors of casual sexual behavior among young people from Yi ethnic group.Methods: A questionnaire about HIV/AIDS related attitudes and behaviors was used to investigate 108 Yi ethnic villagers at the age between 15 and 35 years, in-depth interview was used for 6 men and 6 women, and informal interview was used for 4 key informants.Re sults: Corresponding.50.0%, 39.8%, and 31 .5% thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward premarital sexual behavior, extramarital sexual behavior before and after cohabiting. People with multiple sexual relationships accumulatively and within last one year were 66.7% and 22.2%.82.4% of the respondents had had casual sexual behavior.Logistic regression results showed that male, younger respondents who thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward extramarital sexual behavior before cohabiting, were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.When going to township and attending someone's wedding, villagers were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.47.7% of the respondents had ever heard about condom, among who 54.9% never used and no one used every time when having sex.Conclusions: Having casual sexual behaviors is common, and it is urgent to promote condom use among Yi ethnic villagers.%目的:了解彝族村民偶遇性行为现状.方法:对108名15-35岁彝族村民进行了性态度和行为问卷调查,完成了12名村民的个别深入访谈和4名重要知情人士访谈.结果:认为周围人对婚前性行为、对落夫家前、后婚外性行为持"可以"态度的调查对象分别占50.O%、39.8%和31.5%.累积和最近1年有多性伴者分别占66.7%和22.2%.82.4%的调查对象发生过偶遇性行为.Logistic回归分析发现:男性初次性行为年龄小、"剧围的人对(落夫家前)婚外性行为"持开放态度者更容易发生偶遇性行为.赶场和参加婚礼最容易发生偶遇性行为.47.7%的

  16. 我国城市职业女性休闲体育运动发展--社会性别视域下趋势探析%Casual Sports Development of China's Urban Career Women---Trend Analysis from Social Gender View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐爱萍

    2015-01-01

    满足女性多元化的体育需求,发展休闲体育运动是其中重要一环。依据从自身限制、人际限制、结构限制三个方面研究而得出的社会性别视域下的休闲理论,从休闲体育现状、内容、研究等方面分析了我国城市职业女性休闲体育运动发展中存在的问题。为树立女性休闲体育新理念、倡导节俭合理的女性体育消费观念、促进人与自然的和谐、开展生态文明教育活动四个方面的城市女性休闲运动的发展提供理论依据。%To develop casual sports is a good way to meet women's diverse sports needs. From social gender view, the casual theories are adopted by the author founded on studies on their own constriction, interpersonal constrain and structural constrain. This paper analyzes some issues of casual sports of China's professional women from the present status, sports contents and research, and it also provides a theoretical basis for the development of women casual sports from the four aspects such as building new women casual sports concept, advocating economical women consumption concept, promoting harmony between humans and nature, and carrying out the ecological civilization education.

  17. Estudo de validação das equações de Tanaka e de Kawasaki para estimar a excreção diária de sódio através da coleta da urina casual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Geraldo Mill

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Objetivo: Validar as fórmulas de Tanaka e Kawasaki para cálculo do consumo de sal pela relação sódio/creatinina na urina casual. Métodos: Foram estudados 272 adultos (20 - 69 anos, 52,6% de mulheres com coleta urinária de 24 h e duas coletas casuais no mesmo dia (em jejum - casual 1 - e fora do jejum - casual 2. Antropometria, pressão arterial e coleta de sangue foram obtidos no mesmo dia. A concordância entre o consumo de sal estimado pela urina de 24 h e pela urina casual foi feita por Pearson (r e Bland & Altman. Resultados: O consumo médio de sal medido pela urina de 24 h foi de 10,4 ± 5,3 g/dia. A correlação entre a excreção de sódio na urina de 24 h e a estimada pela urina casual 1 ou 2, respectivamente, foi apenas moderada, tanto por Tanaka (r = 0,51 e r = 0,55; p < 0,001 como por Kawasaki (r = 0,52 e r = 0,54; p < 0,001. Observa-se subestimação crescente dos valores estimados em relação ao medido com o aumento do consumo de sal pela fórmula de Tanaka e, ao contrário, superestimação ao usar a fórmula de Kawasaki. As fórmulas estimam adequadamente o consumo diário de sal (diferença entre sal medido e estimado de, no máximo, 1 g/dia somente com consumo entre 9 - 12 g/dia (Tanaka e 12 - 18 g/dia (Kawasaki. Conclusão: A coleta de urina casual estima adequadamente o consumo de sal apenas nos indivíduos próximos à média populacional.

  18. Pneumonia and empyema: causal, casual or unknown

    OpenAIRE

    McCauley, Lindsay; Dean, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    Parapneumonic effusions complicating pneumonia are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Along with increased mortality, complicated parapneumonic effusion and empyema often necessitate prolonged treatment, longer hospital stay and interventions. Parapneumonic effusions arise from inflammation in the lungs and pleural space from direct invasion of bacteria, cascade of inflammatory events and bacteriologic virulence features. Patient factors and comorbidities also contribute to th...

  19. Atmospheric Effects on Customers' Behavior in the Casual Restaurant: An Empirical Study Based on Extended Mehrabian-Russell Model%基于M—R模型的休闲餐厅环境对顾客行为影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊伟; 宋锐

    2011-01-01

    As one kind of the most popular dining styles, the new-fashioned Casual Dining attracts tons of customers by its environment and atmosphere. Moreover, M-R model reveals the structure of "Stimulus-Organism-Response" which can effectively explain how the atmo- spherics leads to the behaviors. The main purpose of this study is to examine the measurement system of the Casual Restaurants consumption environment from the perspectives of customers and the role of Casual Restaurants' consumption environment on customers' emotional responses and behaviors, Data were collected using a questionnaire survey and were analyzed via SPSS 16.0.The findings are showed as followings: The restaurants environment comprises totally 19 factors into 5 dimensions consisting of visual stimulus, auditory stimulus, intangibles, servers, congestion degree and other customers. Restaurants environment affects both customers' advent behavior and positive emotion significantly. Emotional response also influences customers' advent behavior obviously. Emotional response plays as the mediate between restaurants environment and advent behavior. Finally, some suggestions for follow-up research are put forward.%休闲餐饮作为一种新型餐饮形式备受消费者青睐,其环境和氛围正是其最大的吸引点。而M-R模型提出的“刺激物-有机体-反应”的结构能有效解释物理环境对个体行为如何造成影响。本文以休闲餐厅环境为研究对象,通过问誊调查获取第一手资料,采用SPSS统计软件的多种分析功能,探索基于顾客视角的餐厅环境构成要素和评价体系,并借用M—R模型深入研究餐厅环境对顾客情绪反应和行为反应的影响机理。结果显示:休闲餐厅环境要素评价体系由19个评价指标,共计五大因素构成,即视觉刺激要素、听觉刺激要素、无形要素、服务性要素以及空间和周围顾客要素;休闲餐厅环境显著影响顾客趋

  20. The Cultural Connotation of "Singing of Filial Piety" and "Casual Monologue" in Buyi Funerals%布依族葬礼中“唱孝”与“闲白”的民族文化意涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄斌

    2011-01-01

    布依族葬礼中"唱孝"与"闲白"具有丰富的民族文化意涵,"唱孝"的民族文化意涵为:一是对传统文化的形象概括与有效传承;二是祖先崇拜与图腾崇拜的完美再现;三是对未来美好生活的无限向往。而闲白则表示:对神灵的敬畏与期盼、对祖先的崇拜与赞美、对巫鬼的膜拜与祈求。祖先崇拜、巫鬼崇拜、自然崇拜构成了布依族原始崇拜的主要表现形式,民歌与白话充当了这种文化传承的有效载体。随着文化的融合和主流文化的扩展,文化的多元发展已成为历史发展的必然。%There are rich national cultural connotations in the "singing of filial piety" and "casual monologue" in Buyi Funerals.The connotations in singing filial piety are shown in three aspects: firstly,it is a vivid generalization and effective heritage to the traditional culture.Secondly,it is a perfect reappearance of worship to their ancestors and Totem.Thirdly,it shows their great longing for a bright future.At the same time,the connotations of casual monologue also include three points: the awe and anticipation to God,the worship and praise to their ancestors,and the prostrate worship and invocation to witchcrafts and ghosts.Worship to their ancestors,to witchcrafts and ghosts,and to nature constitute the main forms of Buyi's primitive worships,while its folk songs and colloquial language serve as an effective carrier of this culture.With the blends among cultures and the expanding of mainstream cultures,the pluralistic development of the culture has become the necessity of historical development.

  1. Osteoporosis in adult with Marfan syndrome: casuality or causality?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D’Amore

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 100 years ago, Antoine Marfan first described a recurrent systemic disorder of connective tissue characterized by overgrowth of the long bones (1. It took an additional 50 years before ocular and cardiovascular manifestations were associated with this disorder, now termed Marfan syndrome (MFS. MFS is an inherited connective tissue disorder transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. This relatively common genetic condition affects approximately 2 to 3 per 10,000 individuals, without a particular gender, racial, geographic, or ethnic predilection (2. The disorder results from mutations in the fibrillin-1 (FBN1 gene located on chromosome 15q21.1(3. Approximately 15% of cases occur in the absence of a family history, representing new mutations; infact to date, over 550 mutations have been identified in patients with MFS and related connective tissue diseases. However, about a half of MFS cases do not possess mutations in the FBN1 gene...

  2. Adiaspiromicose pulmonar: achado casual em paciente falecido de febre amarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moraes Mário A.P.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante um surto de febre amarela (forma rural da infecção instalado, em fins de 1999, no Estado de Goiás, Brasil, um enfermo, com sintomatologia suspeita, faleceu no Hospital Universitário de Brasília, DF, cinco dias após a admissão. À necropsia, microscopicamente, além das alterações hepáticas características da infecção, encontraram-se nos pulmões e linfonodos hilares, estruturas arredondadas, reconhecidas como adiaconídios de Emmonsia parva var. crescens.

  3. Cognitive training with casual video games: Points to consider

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline L Baniqued; Kranz, Michael B.; Voss, Michelle W.; Hyunkyu eLee; Cosman, Joshua D.; Joan eSeverson; Arthur F Kramer

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicate interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to ...

  4. Cognitive training with casual video games: points to consider

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline L Baniqued; Kranz, Michael B.; Voss, Michelle W.; Lee, Hyunkyu; Cosman, Joshua D.; Severson, Joan; Arthur F Kramer

    2014-01-01

    Brain training programs have proliferated in recent years, with claims that video games or computer-based tasks can broadly enhance cognitive function. However, benefits are commonly seen only in trained tasks. Assessing generalized improvement and practicality of laboratory exercises complicates interpretation and application of findings. In this study, we addressed these issues by using active control groups, training tasks that more closely resemble real-world demands and multiple tests to...

  5. Periodontitis and Insulin Resistance: Casual or Causal Relationship?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit N. Gurav

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Insulin resistance (IR is now considered as a chronic and low level inflammatory condition. It is closely related to altered glucose tolerance, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, and coronary heart disease. IR is accompanied by the increase in the levels of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin-1 and 6, tumor necrosis factor-α. These inflammatory cytokines also play a crucial part in pathogenesis and progression of insulin resistance. Periodontitis is the commonest of oral diseases, affecting tooth investing tissues. Pro-inflammatory cytokines are released in the disease process of periodontitis. Periodontitis can be attributed with exacerbation of IR. Data in the literature supports a "two way relationship" between diabetes and periodontitis. Periodontitis is asymptomatic in the initial stages of disease process and it often escapes diagnosis. This review presents the blurred nexus between periodontitis and IR, underlining the pathophysiology of the insidious link. The knowledge of the association between periodontitis and IR can be valuable in planning effectual treatment modalities for subjects with altered glucose homeostasis and diabetics. Presently, the studies supporting this association are miniscule. Further studies are mandatory to substantiate the role of periodontitis in the deterioration of IR.

  6. Resolving Ambiguity in Familiar and Unfamiliar Casual Speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuinman, Annelie; Mitterer, Holger; Cutler, Anne

    2012-01-01

    In British English, the phrase "Canada aided" can sound like "Canada raided" if the speaker links the two vowels at the word boundary with an intrusive /r/. There are subtle phonetic differences between an onset /r/ and an intrusive /r/, however. With cross-modal priming and eye-tracking, we examine how native British English listeners and…

  7. Nature's wrath or human casualness! Whose fault is it anyway?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Roadside accidents have increased tremendously in the last decade resulting in increased morbidity and mortality both in the developing and developed nations.[1] However, there can be instances where accident happens on the road without any vehicular involvement. The present communication intends to convey one very important incident which throws numerous questions to the administrators, general public, and traffi c policy makers.Read more......

  8. The care of radiation casualities. 6. rev. ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual describes in detail all routine procedures taken by the Occupational Health Service of the Health Protection Department of ECN in case of a personal contamination with radioactive materials and/or overexposure with ionising radiation. The appendices contain information concerning limits of intake and all forms and registration-charts used in these procedures. (orig.)

  9. Professional Characteristics Communicated by Formal versus Casual Workplace Attire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardon, Peter W.; Okoro, Ephraim A.

    2009-01-01

    Employees are frequently advised to dress for success to build their careers. From the corporate perspective, employees who are well dressed are believed to form better impressions with colleagues, clients, and customers. Many companies create dress codes in order to gain the benefits of a professionally appearing workforce. Developing effective…

  10. Leonardo Da Vinci, the genius and the monsters. Casual encounters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciseri, Lorenzo Montemagno

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses Leonardo's interest in monsters and deformed reality, one of the lesser known aspects of his vast and multifaceted output. With the possible exception of his studies of physiognomy, relevant drawings, sketches and short stories represent a marginal aspect of his work, but they are nevertheless significant for historians of teratology. The purpose of this study is to provide a broad overview of the relationship between Leonardo and both the literature on mythological monsters and the reports on monstrous births that he either read about or witnessed personally. While aspects of his appreciation and attention to beauty and the pursuit of perfection and good proportions are the elements most emphasised in Leonardo's work, other no less interesting aspects related to deformity have been considered of marginal importance. My analysis will demonstrate that Leonardo approached the realm of monstrosity as if he considered abnormality a mirror of normality, deformity a mirror of harmony, and disease a mirror of health, as if to emphasise that, ultimately, it is the monster that gives the world the gift of normality. Two special cases of monstrosity are analysed: the famous monster of Ravenna, whose image was found among his papers, and a very rare case of parasitic conjoined twins (thoracopagus parasiticus) portrayed for the first time alive, probably in Florence, by Leonardo himself.

  11. Leonardo Da Vinci, the genius and the monsters. Casual encounters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciseri, Lorenzo Montemagno

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses Leonardo's interest in monsters and deformed reality, one of the lesser known aspects of his vast and multifaceted output. With the possible exception of his studies of physiognomy, relevant drawings, sketches and short stories represent a marginal aspect of his work, but they are nevertheless significant for historians of teratology. The purpose of this study is to provide a broad overview of the relationship between Leonardo and both the literature on mythological monsters and the reports on monstrous births that he either read about or witnessed personally. While aspects of his appreciation and attention to beauty and the pursuit of perfection and good proportions are the elements most emphasised in Leonardo's work, other no less interesting aspects related to deformity have been considered of marginal importance. My analysis will demonstrate that Leonardo approached the realm of monstrosity as if he considered abnormality a mirror of normality, deformity a mirror of harmony, and disease a mirror of health, as if to emphasise that, ultimately, it is the monster that gives the world the gift of normality. Two special cases of monstrosity are analysed: the famous monster of Ravenna, whose image was found among his papers, and a very rare case of parasitic conjoined twins (thoracopagus parasiticus) portrayed for the first time alive, probably in Florence, by Leonardo himself. PMID:25702382

  12. The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases among casual dock workers Prevalecía de enfermedades musculoesqueléticos entre trabajadores portuarios apulsos Prevalência de doenças musculoesqueléticas entre trabalhadores portuários avulsos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study identified the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among casual dockworkers. This is a retrospective and quantitative study, the data sources of which included the medical files of dockworkers from 2000 to 2009. Data were collected in a medical service for dockworkers using a previously developed form; descriptive quantitative analysis was performed. Ethical aspects were complied with. A total of 15.8% of the diagnoses identified among male workers referred to musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals older than 52 years of age and with more than 21 years working in the field predominated. The most frequent musculoskeletal diseases included low back pain (38.8%, tendinitis (19.7%, and neck pain (12.5%. These diseases can be prevented through health interventions, confirming the importance of developing clinical support in nursing in order to improve the quality of life of dockworkers.Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalecía de enfermedades osteomusculares relacionadas al trabajo entre trabajadores portuarios sin registro. Estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo. La fuente de datos las tablas de atención medica de los trabajadores portuarios sin registro en el período de 2000 a 2009. La colecta de datos fue realizada en un Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo Portuario a partir de un formulario predeterminado. Se procedió en el análisis cuantitativo descriptivo de los datos. Los aspectos éticos fueran respetados. Se identificó 15,8% diagnósticos de enfermedades osteomusculares, entre trabajadores del sexo masculino. Predominaran individuos con más de 52 años de edad y con tiempo de actuación laboral superior a 21 años. Las principales enfermedades fueran de lumbalgia (38,8%, tendinitis (19,7% y cervicalgía (12,5%. Las enfermedades osteomusculares mas prevalentes fueran las lumbalgías, tendinitis y cervicalgías, las cuales pueden prevenirse por medio de acciones interventoras y evaluativas en salud

  13. Establishing the store attributes that black consumers consider when buying casual wear / Belinda Cooper

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Belinda

    2010-01-01

    South Africa has a diverse population with almost 80% being black. It is therefore necessary that retailers understand this population group as the black population is responsible for the majority of consumer purchasing power in South Africa. To understand this population group and how they make purchasing decisions, it is necessary for retailers to gain a better understanding of the consumer decision-making process and retailing as well as the store attributes they consider important when ma...

  14. Casual dating online: sexual norms and practices on French heterosexual dating sites

    OpenAIRE

    Bergström, Marie

    2011-01-01

    "Während über das Internet vermittelte gelegentliche Treffen zwischen homosexuellen Männern bereits ein etablierter Forschungsgegenstand in den Sozialwissenschaften sind, ist die Forschung zu heterosexuellem Online-Dating größtenteils auf die Suche nach romantischen Langzeitbeziehungen fokussiert. Der vorliegende Artikel will damit beginnen, diese Forschungslücke zu füllen, indem er den möglichen neuen sexuellen Bereich untersucht, der durch heterosexuelle Online-Dating-Plattformen entsteht. ...

  15. Casual Salud: Interrupción Legal del Embarazo, Ética y Derechos Humanos

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    La causal salud es uno de los supuestos de permisión legal para la interrupción del embarazo consagrados en la mayoría de los países de América Latina y el Caribe. Esta causal se refiere a la posibilidad de la interrupción del embarazo cuando éste pone en riesgo la salud de la mujer. Sin embargo, su aplicación práctica ha estado acompañada de un conjunto de obstáculos que ha provocado que muchas mujeres no accedan a servicios seguros y oportunos de interrupción del embarazo, pese a que estos ...

  16. Condom Use With a Casual Partner: What Distinguishes College Students' Use When Intoxicated?

    OpenAIRE

    Abbey, Antonia; Parkhill, Michele R.; BUCK, PHILIP O.; SAENZ, CHRISTOPHER

    2007-01-01

    Determining alcohol's precise role in sexual risk taking has proven to be an elusive goal. Past research has produced mixed results, depending on characteristics of individuals, their partners, and the situation, as well as how the link between alcohol consumption and sexual behavior was assessed. In this study, cross-sectional predictors of the frequency of condom use were examined for 298 heterosexual college students at a large urban university. In hierarchical multiple regression analyses...

  17. Emotional Labour and the Permanent Casual Lecturer: Ideas for a Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Steven

    2004-01-01

    Like most other parts of the Australian public sector, Australian universities have been required to do more with less over the past decade. A key strategy in reducing costs has been the increased casualisation of teaching. This paper uses a hard/soft model of Human Resource Management as a framework within which to argue that increased…

  18. The role of feedback, casual attributions, and self-efficacy in goal revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolli, Adam P; Schmidt, Aaron M

    2008-05-01

    An important issue in work motivation is how, when, and why individuals revise their goals up or down over time. In the current study, the authors examine feedback, causal attributions, and self-efficacy in this process. Although self-efficacy has frequently been suggested as a key explanatory variable for goal revision, its role has yet to be directly evaluated. Additionally, although attributions have been shown to influence goal revision following failure, the extent to which attributions influence goal revision following success remains unclear. In the current study, the authors address these issues by experimentally manipulating goal progress via performance feedback and tracking the resulting changes in self-efficacy and goal revision over time. In so doing, the authors also address several interpretive ambiguities present in the existing research. Results support the hypothesized model, finding that performance feedback and attributions interactively influenced self-efficacy, which in turn influenced goal revision. These results suggest that interventions targeting attributions, and self-efficacy more directly, may have meaningful influences on goal setting and pursuit, particularly following feedback.

  19. The Casual Sky Observer's Guide Stargazing with Binoculars and Small Telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    De Laet, Rony

    2012-01-01

    Here is an invaluable guide for those stargazers who are just starting out on their fascinating journey. Don't know what sights to look for? How to locate them? What seasons are best for viewing what stars? All that and more is included in these pages. Plus lots of tips for what equipment to use and good observing techniques. Take this with you to your viewing site, along with your equipment, and you're ready to begin. The universe is there for your viewing pleasure. Enjoy!

  20. Eosinophilic pleural effusion and giardiasis: A causal or a casual relationship?

    OpenAIRE

    Urvinderpal Singh; Nishi Garg; Vishal Chopra

    2013-01-01

    A case of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion with coincidental intestinal infestation of giardia lamblia is being reported. After reviewing the possible causes of this type of pleural effusion, no clinical or laboratory data were obtained which could explain this condition except giardiasis. Moreover the clearance of pleural effusion with the treatment of giardia with metronidazole suggests giardia as the probable cause of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion.

  1. School Culture, Basic Psychological Needs, Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Achievement: Testing a Casual Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Badri

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Culture is s common system of believes, values and artifacts that the members of a society use it in their relations, and it transfers from one generation to another. The school culture is a system of norms, meanings and values between school members. One of STD (self-determination theory components is basic psychological needs that emphasizes on Relatedness, Competence and Autonomy to accomplish the motivation. Motivation involves the processes that energize, direct, and sustain behavior. It seems that school culture, basic psychological needs and motivation has immense effect on academic achievement. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relation between students' perceived school culture, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation and academic achievement in a causal model. 296 high school students (159 females and 137 males in Tabriz, north - west of Iran, participated in this research and completed the students' perceived school culture questionnaire based on Hofstede's cultural dimensions (femininity, uncertainty avoidance, collectivism and power distance, basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. The results of the path analysis showed that fulfillment of basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation has positive effect on academic achievement. Uncertainty avoidance and power distance have also negative effect on fulfillment of psychological needs, but the influence of femininity on this variable was positive. Also, collectivism has no significant effect on it. In general, the findings showed that if school culture supports students' autonomy, they will experience fulfillment of their basic psychological needs, and attain higher intrinsic motivation and academic achievement.

  2. Quantum Computing: Selected Internet Resources for Librarians, Researchers, and the Casually Curious

    OpenAIRE

    Cirasella, Jill

    2009-01-01

    This article is an annotated selection of the most important and informative Internet resources for learning about quantum computing, finding quantum computing literature, and tracking quantum computing news.

  3. Eosinophilic pleural effusion and giardiasis: A causal or a casual relationship?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urvinderpal Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion with coincidental intestinal infestation of giardia lamblia is being reported. After reviewing the possible causes of this type of pleural effusion, no clinical or laboratory data were obtained which could explain this condition except giardiasis. Moreover the clearance of pleural effusion with the treatment of giardia with metronidazole suggests giardia as the probable cause of bilateral eosinophilic pleural effusion.

  4. Italian Fashion X American Casual Style——Launches Spring Summer 2009 Collection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Beijing.20th March,2009 - THINK PINK announces the launch of the Spring/Summer 2009 collection which features a new Maritime theme.The collection draws inspirations from the delightful lifestyle of the East Coast to enrich the brand's original Italian designs with American flair.

  5. Use of casual tree method for investigation of incidents and accidents involving radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are many methodologies used for investigation of accidents to facilitate the search of the factors that cause these events in different areas of industry. These can be called proactive methods, if they are used before the occurrence of the events, or reactive methods that are applied after the occurrence of the incident or accident, and are used as a basis of information to prevent further events. One of these methods is the Causal Tree Method (CTM). The basic idea of this technique is that incidents and accidents result from variations in usual processes. These variations can be related to the individual, the task, the material or the environment. The tree starts with the end event (incident or accident) and works backwards. The facts relating to the end event are used in the construction of the causal tree. The end event is the starting point and only the facts that contributed to the incident or accident should be selected. The analyst has to identify and list the variations and then display them in the analytic tree, showing causal relations. The objective of this paper is to test the application of the CTM method in investigation of incidents and accidents involving radioactive materials, in order to evaluate its efficiency on finding the typical factors causing these events. (author)

  6. Hemicrania continua-like headache with leprosy: casual or causal association?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Sanjay; Dholakia, Saumil Y

    2008-07-01

    Hemicrania continua is a strictly unilateral, moderate to severe, continuous, indomethacin-responsive primary headache disorder with ipsilateral autonomic cranial symptoms at the time of exacerbations. We describe a 30-year-old woman with a 4-month history of indomethacin-responsive hemicrania continua-like headache and one-month history of mononeuritis multiplex due to leprosy. Indomethacin was successfully weaned off after completion of antileprotic therapy.

  7. Quantum Computing: Selected Internet Resources for Librarians, Researchers, and the Casually Curious

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirasella, Jill

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an annotated selection of the most important and informative Internet resources for learning about quantum computing, finding quantum computing literature, and tracking quantum computing news. All of the quantum computing resources described in this article are freely available, English-language web sites that fall into one…

  8. Between casual commitment and cross-media articulation – the faith of the Napkin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Petersen, Anja Bechmann

    2010-01-01

    of being replaced by a different planning system, which was better integrated with the production system (11). This system, too, was later abandoned. This has motivated us to understand better the processes of planning and articulating the cross-media production and how information technology supported...

  9. Sequence-indexed mutant library for fast discovery of casual gene mutations for drought tolerance in sorghum

    Science.gov (United States)

    As the filth largest grain crop in the world, sorghum is well adapted to high temperature, drought, and low fertilizer input conditions. It can also be used as a fodder and bioenergy crop. Given the trend of global warming, depletion of refresh water resources, reduction in arable land due to soil d...

  10. "The casual cruelty of our prejudices": on Walter Lippmann's theory of stereotype and its "obliteration" in psychology and social science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottom, William P; Kong, Dejun Tony

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting on his wartime government service, Walter Lippmann (1922) developed a theory of policy formulation and error. Introducing the constructs of stereotype, mental model, blind spots, and the process of manufacturing consent, his theory prescribed interdisciplinary social science as a tool for enhancing policy making in business and government. Lippmann used his influence with the Rockefeller foundations, business leaders, Harvard and the University of Chicago to gain support for this program. Citation analysis of references to "stereotype" and Lippmann reveals the rapid spread of the concept across the social sciences and in public discourse paralleled by obliteration by incorporation of the wider theory in behavioral science. "Stereotype" is increasingly invoked in anthropology, economics, and sociology though Lippmann and his wider theory ceased being cited decades ago. In psychology, citations are increasing but content analysis revealed blind spots and misconceptions about the theory and prescription. Studies of heuristics, biases, and organizational decision substantiate Lippmann's theory of judgment and choice. But his model for social science failed to consider the bounded rationality and blind spots of its practitioners. Policy formulation today is supported by research from narrow disciplinary silos not interdisciplinary science that reflects an awareness of history.

  11. Strategy definition of a new business opportunity in mobile-casual gaming: Partnership between Nmusic and Rovio Entertainment Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Ana Claúdia Moreira

    2014-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics The music and mobile gaming industries are fast growing industries, where innovation plays a key role. These industries are driven by technology innovation and grew with the increase of the consumption of mobile devices. Taking advantage from this fact, Nmusic1 with a partnership with Rovio Entertainment2 decided to offer the global ma...

  12. De un quehacer histórico y casual a un saber que la historia tiende a hacer difuso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Durán

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo planteamos la necesidad de transformar en materia de análisis y reflexión la relación que, a propósito de la prodrucción de conocimiento de corte antropológico, se establece entre antropólogos e indígenas en contextos regionales y/o nacionales, particularmente en el país y en la región de La Araucanía. Los autores postulan este ámbito de análisis como respuesta por un lado, a la evolución de la antropología y a laética de los antropólogos, y por otro, a la participación cada vez más amplia y globalizada de los representantes del movimiento indígena del mundo. La antítesis de esta postura radicaría en obras de antropólogos que rompen esta relación postulada a través de una práctica individualizada e individualizadora, al parecer a tono con eventuales cambiosparadigmáticos propuestos en el primer mundo y replicados experimentalmente en nuestro medio.

  13. Self-Esteem in HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Gay and Bisexual Men: Implications for Risk-Taking Behaviors with Casual Sex Partners

    OpenAIRE

    Moskowitz, David A.; Seal, David W.

    2011-01-01

    Research suggests that self-esteem in gay and bisexual men may be linked with sexual risk-taking behaviors. As part of a larger investigation into the sexual practices of gay and bisexual men, we assessed serostatus, self-esteem, condom use, and HIV disclosure to sexual partners. Among HIV-negative men, no relationships were found between their self-esteem and tendency to discuss their and their partners’ HIV status. However, among HIV-positive men, there was a positive relationship between s...

  14. Esclerose lateral amiotrófica e herpes vírus. Relato de um caso curioso: uma associação casual ou causal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FERRI-DE-BARROS JOÃO ELIEZER

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar o relato de um caso curioso de esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA. CASO: Homem de 47 anos que apresentava déficit de força nos membros superiores evoluindo há 4 anos. A eletroneuromiografia era compatível a ELA, forma de Vulpian-Bernardt. O estudo do líquido cefalorraqueano (LCR mostrava processo inflamatório e positividade das reações para Herpes vírus I e II. O estudo do LCR, do soro sanguíneo e da barreira hemato-encefálica sugeria imunoprodução local para Herpes vírus tipo I. A ressonância nuclear magnética sugeria mielopatia cística ou seringomielia em medula cervical estendendo-se nos espaços C2 a C4. O paciente foi tratado com aciclovir endovenoso por 21 dias. Até dois meses após, o paciente não foi submetido a novos exames subsidiários para controle. DISCUSSÃO: Até o momento atual, a doença ELA não tem tratamento medicamentoso específico. A noção da existência de "síndrome esclerose lateral amiotrófica" associada a etiologias diversas pode contribuir para o tratamento de alguns doentes.

  15. 26 CFR 15a.453-1 - Installment method reporting for sales of real property and casual sales of personal property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... receipt of certain property with respect to which gain is not recognized, see paragraph (f) of this... sale. Example (4). E sells Blackacre, an unencumbered capital gain property in E's hands, to F on... obligation represents, under applicable principles of tax law, a retained interest in the property which...

  16. Evaluation of slow release nicardipine in essential hypertension by casual and ambulatory blood pressure measurements. Effects of acute versus chronic administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellet, M; Pagny, J Y; Chatellier, G; Corvol, P; Ménard, J

    1987-10-01

    We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study in 40 hypertensive subjects to assess the antihypertensive effect of a new galenic form of nicardipine administered at a dosage of 50 mg twice daily for 3 weeks. Regardless of whether blood pressure was measured by standard mercury sphygmomanometer, non-ambulatory automatic oscillometry or a Remler ambulatory blood pressure recorder, it dropped by a significantly larger amount in the nicardipine group than in the placebo group. In the control group, a placebo effect was observed with the ambulatory diastolic blood pressure recording, whereas it was not observed with hospital blood pressure measurements, especially when using the serial measurements performed for 30 min by an automatic recorder. The fall in blood pressure measured with the Remler recorder was correlated with the fall measured 10-20 min during one acute intravenous nicardipine perfusion before the trial, although the correlation coefficients do not suggest clinically relevant predictability of nicardipine efficacy at the individual level. The present findings support the need for controlled double-blind trials with careful office blood pressure measurements. PMID:3429863

  17. Discussion on the Application of Graffiti Art of Casual Shoes Design%浅谈涂鸦艺术在休闲鞋设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘虹秀; 刘作东; 张春斌

    2010-01-01

    @@ 对于如今的年轻一代,不再过多的墨守父辈的正统保守,他们更多的主张"非主流",即张扬个性、另类、非大众化,不盲从大众的潮流. 涂鸦艺术作为一种时尚的街头文化,很大程度上满足了年轻人的这种想法,所以其从产生以来一直受到他们的追捧.涂鸦休闲鞋作为其中的一个分支,也在年轻人中得以流行.

  18. The importance of, and satisfaction with, store attributes when buying casual wear : a study among black Generation X consumers / M. Beukes.

    OpenAIRE

    Beukes, Martie

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid growth and competitiveness in the South African apparel retail industry, retailers and marketers face numerous challenges to remain competitive. Contributing to the dynamic nature of this phenomenon is the impulsive nature and individual preferences of consumers when buying apparel, which necessitate retailers to be more responsive towards consumer needs and preferences in order to attract potential, and retain existing, customers. This can be done by formulating...

  19. Situs Inversus Totalis y Cardiopatía congénita: Diagnóstico casual en un lactante con neumonía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebel Oziel Urquia Osorio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El Situs Inversus Totalis es una rara entidad que se caracteriza por la imagen en espejo de las vísceras torácicas y abdominales con respecto al plano sagital, cuya prevalencia se estima de 1-2/10,000 nacidos vivos, de los cuales solo el 1-10% presentan malformaciones cardiovasculares congénitas asociadas. Presentamos el caso de un lactante de sexo masculino de 11 meses de edad, que fue atendido en el ¨Hospital Materno Infantil¨ ubicado en la ciudad de Tegucigalpa, Honduras, por presentar tos seca, cianotizante no emetizante de 1 mes de evolución, exacerbada en los últimos 4 días y acompañada de dificultad respiratoria con periodos de apnea, fiebre subjetivamente alta, tiraje subcostal, taquipnea y crépitos basales bilaterales. La realización de una radiografía de tórax reveló, dextrocardia, bazo y cámara gástrica lateralizados hacia la derecha e hígado hacia la izquierda. Se decide realizar una ecocardiografía y un ultrasonido abdominal para verificar el hallazgo, reportando, situs inversus, dextrocardia, agenesia de la vena cava inferior, defecto interventricular de entrada (tipo canal, ductos arterioso, vasos transpuestos, bazo en cuadrante superior derecho e hígado localizado en cuadrante superior izquierdo. El diagnostico de esta condición pasa desapercibido en la mayoría de los casos, por esta razón debemos incentivar la práctica de un examen físico minucioso, evitando así la dependencia de los hallazgos fortuitos e incidentales.

  20. Situs Inversus Totalis y Cardiopatía congénita: Diagnóstico casual en un lactante con neumonía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebel Oziel Urquia Osorio

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available El Situs Inversus Totalis es una rara entidad que se caracteriza por la imagen en espejo de las vísceras torácicas y abdominales con respecto al plano sagital, cuya prevalencia se estima de 1-2/10,000 nacidos vivos, de los cuales solo el 1-10% presentan malformaciones cardiovasculares congénitas asociadas. Presentamos el caso de un lactante de sexo masculino de 11 meses de edad, que fue atendido en el ¨Hospital Materno Infantil¨ ubicado en la ciudad de Tegucigalpa, Honduras, por presentar tos seca, cianotizante no emetizante de 1 mes de evolución, exacerbada en los últimos 4 días y acompañada de dificultad respiratoria con periodos de apnea, fiebre subjetivamente alta, tiraje subcostal, taquipnea y crépitos basales bilaterales. La realización de una radiografía de tórax reveló: dextrocardia, bazo y cámara gástrica lateralizados hacia la derecha e hígado hacia la izquierda. Se decide realizar una ecocardiografía y un ultrasonido abdominal para verificar el hallazgo, reportando: situs inversus, dextrocardia, agenesia de la vena cava inferior, defecto interventricular de entrada (tipo canal, ductos arterioso, vasos transpuestos, bazo en cuadrante superior derecho e hígado localizado en cuadrante superior izquierdo. El diagnostico de esta condición pasa desapercibido en la mayoría de los casos, por esta razón debemos incentivar la práctica de un examen físico minucioso, evitando así la dependencia de los hallazgos fortuitos e incidentales. Palabras Claves: Situs Inversus, Cardiopatía Congénita, Dextrocardia.

  1. Association between 'safer sex fatigue' and rectal gonorrhea is mediated by unsafe sex with casual partners among HIV-positive homosexual men

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.G. Stolte; J.B.F. de Wit; M. Kolader; H. Fennema; R.A. Coutinho; N.H.T.M. Dukers

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether and what sexual risk behavior is a mediator of associations between rectal gonorrhea (RG) and highly active antiretroviral therapy-related beliefs, safer sex fatigue, or sexual sensation-seeking among homosexual men. Study Design: Thi

  2. Association between 'safer sex fatigue' and rectal gonorrhea is mediated by unsafe sex with casual partners among HIV-positive homosexual men.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolte, Ineke G; Wit, John B F de; Kolader, Marion-Eliëtte; Fennema, Johan S A; Coutinho, Roel A; Dukers, Nicole H T M

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether and what sexual risk behavior is a mediator of associations between rectal gonorrhea (RG) and highly active antiretroviral therapy-related beliefs, safer sex fatigue, or sexual sensation-seeking among homosexual men. STUDY DESIGN: Thi

  3. Food & Recreation Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Chungyo’sFashion,CasualSportsHallAttheundergroundChungyo’sFashion,CasualSportsHallnearXidanShoppingCenter,visitorscanparticipateinthelatestinternationalfadsportsandutilizethemostadvancedequipment.Thehallfeaturesaneye-catchingrunningtrack,healthcenter...

  4. "Half plate of rice to a male casual sexual partner, full plate belongs to the husband": Findings from a qualitative study on sexual behaviour in relation to HIV and AIDS in northern Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mwanga Joseph R

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A thorough understanding of the contexts of sexual behaviour of the people who are vulnerable to HIV infection is an important component in the battle against AIDS epidemic. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate perceptions, attitudes and practices of sexually active people in three districts of northern Tanzania with the view of collecting data to inform the formulation of appropriate complementary interventions against HIV and AIDS in the study communities. Methods We conducted 96 semi-structured interviews and 48 focus group discussions with sexually active participants (18-60 years of age who were selected purposively in two fishing and one non-fishing communities. Results The study revealed a number of socio-economic and cultural factors which act as structural drivers of HIV epidemic. Mobility and migration were mentioned to be associated with the risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. Sexual promiscuous behaviour was common in all study communities. Chomolea, (a quick transactional sex was reported to exist in fishing communities, whereas extramarital sex in the bush was reported in non-fishing community which was predominantly Christian and polygamous. Traditional practices such as Kusomboka (death cleansing through unprotected sex was reported to exist. Other risky sexual behaviour and traditional practices together with their socio-economic and cultural contexts are presented in details and discussed. Knowledge of condom was low as some people mistook them for balloons to play with and as decorations for their living rooms. Acute scarcity of condoms in some remote areas such as vizingani (fishing islands push some people to make their own condoms locally known as kondomu za pepsi using polythene bags. Conclusions HIV prevention efforts can succeed by addressing sexual behaviour and its socio-economic and cultural contexts. More innovative, interdisciplinary and productive structural approaches to HIV prevention need to be developed in close collaboration with affected communities and be closely related to policy-making and implementation; to go beyond the limited success of traditional behavioural and biomedical interventions to particularly address the underlying social and structural drivers of HIV risk and vulnerability in the study communities.

  5. Auditoría interna e información financiera en las entidades de crédito españolas: estructura, contenido, relación casual y contraste empírico

    OpenAIRE

    Gras Gil, Ester

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo responde a la necesidad de profundizar en la débil evidencia empírica sobre el efecto que tiene para las entidades financieras que la función de Auditoría Interna tenga una mayor implicación en el proceso contable y reporte financiero, y aporta, en línea con lo que sugieren estudios previos, una explicación a por qué las entidades deben invertir recursos en la función de Auditoría Interna, y específicamente, en la revisión de la fiabilidad de la información financiera, ya que va ...

  6. CORSA: An Open Solution for Social Oriented Real-time Ride Sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonarrigo Simone

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The combination of the interest in environmental questions on one hand and the massive use of web based social networks on the other recently led to a revival of carpooling. In particular, the exploitation of social networks promotes the information spreading for an effective service (e.g. reducing the lack of confidence among users and endorses carpooling companies via viral marketing, finally acting as a basis for trust based users recommendation system In this work we outline CORSA, an open source solution for a real time ride sharing (RTRS carpooling service that endorses the role of social networks by using them as a conveying scenario for the virtual credits reward mechanism CORSA is based on.

  7. Some Things are Worth Saving...Like Energy. Driver Education Energy Packet, Transparency Masters, and Supplement II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guise, Eric; Puckett, Kathy

    This resource guide and supplement contain class activities and discussion pieces for use in integrating energy education into driver education. Included are such activities as survey-taking, fuel consumption calculations, and extensive examination of transportation alternatives such as bicycling, carpooling, mass transit, and alternative means of…

  8. The Mexican "Illegal Alien" Commute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Phil

    1986-01-01

    A photo report of the following three treks by illegal aliens across the border from Mexico to work in Arizona reveals the dangers and disappointments the migrants are exposed to: (1) a "carpool" from Southern Mexico; (2) a train ride from Sinaloa; and (3) a 40-mile hike through the Arizona desert. (PS)

  9. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... work are considered eligible under this program: (1) Systems, whether manual or computerized, for... carpool lanes. Eligible work may include preliminary engineering to determine traffic flow and design... prescribed for the inspection and monitoring period, it is intended that this activity be conducted as...

  10. Discovery of convoys in trajectory databases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeung, Hoyoung; Yiu, Man Lung; Zhou, Xiaofang;

    2008-01-01

    of trucks and carpooling of vehicles. Although there has been extensive research on trajectories in the literature, none of this can be applied to retrieve correctly exact convoy result sets. Motivated by this, we develop three efficient algorithms for convoy discovery that adopt the well-known filter...

  11. Morphological and pathological characterisation of Colletotrichum sp. as casual agent of anthracnose in Dioscorea sp. Caracterización morfológica y patogénica de Colletotrichum sp. como agente causal de la antracnosis en ñame Dioscorea sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beltrán Herrera Javier Darío

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Colletotrichum dematium strains were isolated from yam plants in the Sucre depart-ment. Macro- and microscopic descriptions were made, finding that the predominant colour for the colonies was light purple. Sporulation was higher than 58,000 conidia/ml for most colonies. Growth rate lay within a range of 4 to 5mm/day. C. gloeosporioide isolate conidial morphology revealed a cylindrical spore having one rounded end whilst the other was acute shaped. Conidia length and width averaged between 7-8 micras and 3-4 micras, respectively. C. dematium colonies, however, were characterised by being grey and having radial growth. The fálcate and fusiform conidia tapered at the acute apex. They had a length and width of 16-18 micras and 3-4 micras, respectively. C. gloeosporioides colonies showed different macroscopic morphology but similar microscopic characteristics. Vegeta-tive compatibility was evaluated amongst different geographical isolates resulting in 90% compatibility. A patho-genic assay was done for evaluating isolate virulence on tolerant and susceptible cultivars. The isolates showed great variability regarding their virulence. The Colletotrichum isolate collection represents a tool for use in molecular characterisation and evaluating yam germplasm tolerance to this pathogen. Keywords: Colletotrichum, yam, anthracnose, phytopathology.Cepas de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides y Colletotrichum dematium fueron aisladas de plantas de ñame en el departa­mento de Sucre. Se realizó una descripción macro y microscópica encontrándose que el color predominante de la colonia fue lila. La esporulación fue mayor a 58.000 conidias /ml para la mayoría de las colonias. La rata de creci­miento tuvo un rango entre 4 -7 mm / día. Las conidias de los aislados de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides son cilíndri­cas con un extremo redondeado y el otro agudo y un tamaño que varía entre 7-8 micras y 3-4 micras de ancho. Así mismo Colletotrichum dematium se caracterizó por presentar colonias radiales de color gris, conidias falcadas y fusi­forme con ambos extremos agudos; y un tamaño que varia entre 16-18 micras de largo y 3-4 micras de ancho. En C. gloeosporioides se observó que las colonias mostraron diferencias morfológicas macroscópicas y características mi­croscópicas similares. Igualmente, se evaluó la compatibilidad vegetativa, enfrentando aislamientos de diferente origen geográficos, los cuales mostraron compatibilidad en un 90% de los aislados enfrentados. Adicionalmente, se realizaron pruebas de patogenicidad para evaluar la virulencia de los aislados sobre hospederos tolerantes y suscep­tibles. Los aislados mostraron un alto grado de variabilidad en cuanto a su virulencia. La colección de aislados de Colletotrichum podría ser utilizada para trabajos de caracterización molecular y evaluar la tolerancia del germoplasma de ñame a este patógeno. Palabras claves: Colletotrichum; ñame; antracnosis; fitopatología.

  12. Development of a community energy conservation program. Volume II. Energy saving techniques for use by local governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-11-26

    This volume contains technical material related to community energy conservation programs, and supplements the organizational material in Volume I. It is in looseleaf format so that sections related to specific topics can be easily copied or transferred to individuals responsible for various sorts of conservation, such as carpooling programs, building improvements, and community outreach. Three technical chapters are included, discussing topics in the areas of: internal city and county operations; community powers and regulations, and outreach programs. In the first, the concern is with what the community can do to reduce energy use in its own operations, an effective first step in promoting comprehensive energy conservation. The second chapter analyzes ways that the police power and fiscal powers of the community can be used for energy conservation, through building codes, zoning, and similar measures. In the final chapter, ways to promote energy conservation in the community are discussed: programs include outreach to households and firms, carpool promotion, waste oil recycling, etc.

  13. Mobility management concept and examples of its usage in polish conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Katarzyna NOSAL

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays cities are affected by the increasing number of cars. Car traffic leads to considerable problems related with congestion, parking, accidents as well as environmental pollution. Thus a very important issue is change of people’s mobility, behaviours towards more sustainable transport modes: public transport, bikes, walking trips or shared car usage – carpooling and carsharing systems. We can shape the travellers’ attitudes and behaviours using the mobility management concept. Mobility ...

  14. Panorama 2015 - Changes in French behaviour in terms of transport: generational effect and new mobility services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis of the daily mobility of French households reveals some changes in their use of the different modes of transport available to them. While use of the private car is still predominant, the use of other transport modes is changing, depending on the socio-economic characteristics of households and areas of residence. New mobility services such as car-pooling or car sharing now complement the transport facilities available to individuals. (authors)

  15. Formal Verification of Programming by Demonstration Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Automated tools are quickly making inroads into casual computing environments, solving progressively more complex tasks. However, these advancements still require...

  16. Friends, Porn, and Punk: Sensation Seeking in Personal Relationships, Internet Activities, and Music Preference among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskirch, Robert S.; Murphy, Laurel C.

    2004-01-01

    One hundred thirty-eight college students completed a questionnaire assessing level of sensation seeking, number of close and casual friends, Internet usage, liking certain styles of music, and genre of music listened to most often. It was found that the number of casual and close friends was positively associated with sensation seeking.…

  17. Dressed to Present: Ratings of Classroom Presentations Vary with Attire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Regan A. R.; Kempen, Laura; Klemm, Kayla; Senn, Rebecca; Wysocki, Rosie

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of formality of dress on ratings of classroom presentations. Participants (N = 65, 66% women) from a Midwestern university in the United States rated three female students giving a presentation designed for a health psychology class in one of four outfits: casual, party, business casual, or business formal.…

  18. Fast changing processes in radiotelemetry systems of space vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Inkov Alexander Mikhailovich

    2015-01-01

    The method of processing of the non-stationary casual processes with the use of nonparametric methods of the theory of decisions is considered. The use of such methods is admissible in telemetry systems in need of processing at real rate of time of fast-changing casual processes in the conditions of aprioristic uncertainty about probabilistic properties of measured process.

  19. Casualisation and the Adult Education Labour Market--An Industry in Crisis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childs, Merilyn

    2000-01-01

    A 4-year study of 70 adult educators in the vocational training sector showed that they had diverse work patterns, with increasing numbers in casual, contractual, or part-time work. Employee flexibility was rarely rewarded or reciprocated by employers. Wage polarization increased, and a view was emerging that casualization was inevitable. (SK)

  20. Income generation of farm labourers in Trans Nzoia District, Kenya : rural employment and social networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tellegen, N.; Verstrate, L.; Foeken, D.W.J.

    1992-01-01

    This study, carried out in 1989, is a support study for a larger survey of the nutritional situation in the households of labourers on large farms in Trans Nzoia, Kenya. Three categories were distinguished: permanent labourers, casual labourers living on the farm and casual labourers living off the

  1. The Effects of Utilitarian and Hedonic Values on Young Consumers’ Satisfaction and Behavioral Intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umit BASARAN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the effects of utilitarian and hedonic values on young consumers’ satisfaction and behavioral intentions in fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors comparatively. Also this study investigates which value component (utilitarian or hedonic is more effective on satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The results show that utilitarian and hedonic values have significant effects on satisfaction and behavioral intentions for both fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors. Additionally, satisfaction has an influence on behavioral intentions in fast-food restaurant sector, but does not have a significant effect in fast-casual restaurant sector. Moreover, associations between hedonic value with satisfaction and behavioral intentions are significantly different between fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors. On the other hand, associations between utilitarian value with satisfaction and behavioral intentions and association between satisfactions with behavioral intentions are not significantly different between fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors.

  2. Eco-nomics. Despite a tough economy, many CIOs are incorporating eco-friendly initiatives into their strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Kate Huvane

    2009-07-01

    * Several health systems have adopted environmentally friendly practices like computer recycling programs, energy-efficient lighting, carpooling programs, and building design components that limit water usage. * Vendors are offering more energy-efficient products like virtualization software and switching equipment. * ClOs are reducing power usage and costs by consolidating servers, installing more efficient chilling systems, and implementing policies to power down desktops that aren't in use. * Green IT can be a difficult conceptto sell to CEOs and hospital boards unless it goes hand-in-hand with cost savings. PMID:19645180

  3. A Mobile, Dynamic, and Privacy-Preserving Matching System for Car and Taxi Pools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin-Yan Chiou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, rates of vehicle ownership have risen globally, exacerbating problems including air pollution, lack of parking, and traffic congestion. While many solutions to these problems have been proposed, carpooling remains one of the most effective approaches. Recently, several carpooling platforms have been built on cloud computing systems, with originators posting online list of departure/arrival points and schedules from which participants can search for rides that match their needs. However, it can be difficult to make matches quickly and the systems are subject to privacy concerns in that they may disclose private information such as names, registration data, and departure/arrival schedules. This paper proposes a dynamic matching method for car/taxi pools for use in mobile devices via ad hoc Wi-Fi networks. The proposed method also preserves user privacy including names and departure/arrival schedules. Moreover, the system does not require the user to register any personal data, so such data cannot be leaked. The system was implemented on the Android mobile platform, allowing users to immediately and securely access the system via their smart phones.

  4. Le Teen: Enjoy the Fun of Teens%Le Teen: Enjoy the Fun of Teens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2012-01-01

    Since the foundation in 1996, PEACEBIRD is the brand featuring the manufacture of shirts and business suits; then, the brand enters the production of casual men's wear; and now, PEACEBIRD explores the fields of fashion women's wear.

  5. CHCW2009 would Celebrate its 10th Birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In this October, the China’s Casual Wear Fair, jointly organized by China Garment Association, China Garment Designer Association and Zhongshan Municipal government, would welcome its ten years celebration in the

  6. The Glass is Not Broken

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StevenN.Kaplan

    2004-01-01

    To a casual observer, the United States corporate governance system may seem as if it is beyond repair. New research poses the question: If U.S.corporate govemance is so bad, why has performance been so good?

  7. The Glass is Not Broken——Evaluating the State of U.S. Corporate Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StevenN.Kaplan

    2004-01-01

    To a casual observer, the United States corporate govemance system may seem as if it is beyond repair. New research poses the question: If U.S.corporate govemance is so bad, why has performance been so good?

  8. Fire vs Water: Erosional/Depositional Geology, Hawaiian Islands

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Even a casual, untrained observer will see evidence that opposing forces have formed the Hawaiian Islands. The massive and lofty volcanoes have been scoured,...

  9. Anticipated regret and precautionary sexual behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Richard; N.K. de Vries; J. van der Pligt

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of anticipated regret on precautionary sexual behavior. 317 female and 134 male 18-48 yr old college students completed questionnaires assessing behavioral expectations regarding casual sexual behavior, anticipated regret, perceived behavioral control, attitudes, s

  10. Workforce Integration of New Graduate Nurses: Evaluation of a Health Human Resources Employment Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Andrea; Hunsberger, Mabel; Crea-Arsenio, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Historically, economic changes have negatively affected the nursing workforce in Ontario. The trend towards part-time and casual employment emerged from healthcare restructuring in the 1990s. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 alerted the Ontario government to the issue of part-time and casual nursing. In 2007, the Nursing Graduate Guarantee (NGG), a health human resources employment policy, was developed as a financial incentive for employers to hire and mentor new...

  11. Pengaruh Rasio Aktivitas dan Leverage Terhadap Dividen pada Perusahaan Manufaktur di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Istiqomah

    2016-01-01

    The aim of study was to analyze the effect of activities ratio consists of Total Assets Turnover (TATO), Fixed Asset Turnover (FATO), Leverage consists of Debt Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) on Dividend (Dividend Payout Ratio) in manufacturing companies in Indonesia stock exchange. This study used the secondary data from www.idx.co.id. The sampling was based on the criteria in accordance with the objectives of the study. This study used casual associative design to determine the casual ...

  12. Analisis Pengaruh Corporate Life Cycle dan Free Cash Flow to Equity Terhadap Kebijakan Dividen pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Tahun 2012-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Mufliha, Titis Audiary

    2016-01-01

    The aim of study was to analyze the effect of Corporate Life Cycle (RETE) dan Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE) on Dividend Policy (Dividend Payout Ratio) in manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia stock exchange. This study used the secondary data from www.idx.co.id. The sampling was based on the criteria in accordance with the objectives of the study. This study used casual associative design to determine the casual relationship between a variable to another variable. Th...

  13. Stages of Change, Decisional Balance, and Self-Efficacy in Condom Use Among Rural African-American Stimulant Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Patricia B.; Booth, Brenda M.; Feldman, Zachary; Stewart, Katharine E.

    2009-01-01

    This pilot study (a) examined the stages of change (SOC) for condom use with primary and casual partners among rural heterosexual African American stimulant users, (b) identified gender differences in variables associated with SOC, and (c) assessed the association of SOC with decisional balance and self-efficacy. Seventy-two participants completed the study. SOC with a primary partner was much lower than SOC with a casual partner, indicating more consistent condom use with casual partners. Significant gender differences existed in decisional balance for condom use for both primary (p = 0.02) and casual partners (p = 0.03), with women having higher decisional balance scores than men. Women also reported higher self-efficacy scores for condom use with casual partners than men. In regression models, age, decisional balance, and self-efficacy were significantly associated with SOC for condom use with a primary partner; however, only self-efficacy was significantly associated with SOC with casual partners. The findings provide support for the development of interventions that promote the advantages of and increase self-efficacy for condom use. PMID:19887285

  14. Случайные находки скифских зеркал эпохи архаики в Северном Причерноморье / Casual Findings of Archaic Scythian Mirrors in the Northern Black Sea Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.A. Bazhan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Цель статьи – введение в научный оборот серии древностей эпохи архаики, найденных в Северном Причерноморье. Публикуемые находки бронзовых зеркал существенно дополняют наши знания о путях распространения греческих импортов в скифском мире, свидетельствующих о реальных контактах греческих колонистов с миром кочевых народов Северного Причерноморья. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a series of bronze mirrors dating back to the Archaic Epoch and found in the Northern Black Sea Coast into scientific circulation. The findings published supplement the knowledge available on the Greek import routes within Scythian world which evidence tangible contacts of Greek colonists with nomadic people of the Northern Black Sea Coast.

  15. Climate Science Service Learning: Learning In Deed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, D. S.

    2012-12-01

    Many schools require community service yet students work at a food bank or stream clean-up without understanding causes or solutions for the issues they encounter. Since students learn best when they make connections between scientific concepts and real-world issues that interest them, integrated science service learning is an effective and engaging way to teach. My fifth grade students at National Presbyterian School in Washington, DC learned about climate change through a service learning project to help the environment on campus. The curriculum was aligned with science and climate literacy frameworks, "Benchmarks for Science Literacy," from the American Academy for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and "The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences," from the U.S. Global Change Research Program / U.S. Climate Change Science Program, and was supported through partnership with NOAA's Climate Stewards Education Program. The service learning project was implemented according to seven best practices of service learning: the students initiated the project, researched the issue, developed a plan, worked with the community, shared their results, reflected on the project, and celebrated their accomplishment. My class of 28 fifth-graders researched and experimented with several environmental variables affecting our campus. They brainstormed service projects they could do to help the environment and decided to focus on reducing idling in the school carpool lane. Students researched how automobile exhaust contributes to climate change, causes acid rain, and harms human health. Students designed a system to measure and eventually minimize the exhaust released by cars idling in the carpool line. They crafted a tally sheet to record the number and size of cars and their idling times. They measured temperature and CO2 data, although they did not find that the number of idling cars affected these variables. Students concluded that over an average week with pleasant weather, 35 of

  16. Discovery of Convoys in Trajectory Databases

    CERN Document Server

    Jeung, Hoyoung; Zhou, Xiaofang; Jensen, Christian S; Shen, Heng Tao

    2010-01-01

    As mobile devices with positioning capabilities continue to proliferate, data management for so-called trajectory databases that capture the historical movements of populations of moving objects becomes important. This paper considers the querying of such databases for convoys, a convoy being a group of objects that have traveled together for some time. More specifically, this paper formalizes the concept of a convoy query using density-based notions, in order to capture groups of arbitrary extents and shapes. Convoy discovery is relevant for real-life applications in throughput planning of trucks and carpooling of vehicles. Although there has been extensive research on trajectories in the literature, none of this can be applied to retrieve correctly exact convoy result sets. Motivated by this, we develop three efficient algorithms for convoy discovery that adopt the well-known filter-refinement framework. In the filter step, we apply line-simplification techniques on the trajectories and establish distance b...

  17. State energy conservation plan for New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-01-01

    The energy-savings and energy-management programs set up by state agencies in New Mexico are presented. Also the energy-savings and energy-management programs for public schools are presented. Plans and summaries are also given for the following program: solar water heaters for secondary schools; solar portable classroom demonstration; energy-savings and energy-management programs for county and municipal governments; energy-savings programs for commercial and residential sectors; weatherization; solar sustenance; energy-savings programs for hospitals and industrial buildings; carpools and vanpools; a program encouraging compliance with the national 55-mph speed limit; waste-oil recycling; utilitites; agriculture; procurement; modification; public information; and an administrative packet containing information on how to facilitate internal accounting procedures.

  18. Hired Hands: Casualised Technology and Labour in the Teaching of Cultural Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kieryn McKay

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the uptake and application of podcasting in a particular higher education context, drawing on the the authors' experience in late 2008 when both were employed as casual tutors on large-scale first-year communications and cultural studies courses at the University of Western Sydney. The article maps out the limits of technological innovation within the teaching of cultural studies, as well as its limits in promoting the radical potential of a cultural studies approach. It also charts some of the effects and affects of an over-reliance on casualised labour, which we argue can have a profoundly destabilising and atomising impact on academic practice and student engagement. We argue there is a parallel between the appropriation of popular media technologies into the university and the current system of casual academic employment in Australia, in that both the podcast and the casual academic represent ‘new’ interfaces of outsourced academic labour. Stipulated from our positions as casual teachers in cultural studies, this article is written from an embedded perspective which conceptualises both the podcast and the casual academic in line with the most prevalent mode of their employment in the academy: as ‘hired hands’, appendages to traditional models of pedagogy.

  19. Social-cognitive determinants of condom use in a cohort of young gay and bisexual men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franssens, Dirk; Hospers, Harm J; Kok, Gerjo

    2009-11-01

    The aim of this prospective study was to identify relevant determinants of young gay and bisexual men's (YGBM) condom use when having anal sex with casual partners. Respondents (185 YGBM in the midst of their coming-out; mean age 18.9 years) completed an online questionnaire on social-cognitive determinants of condoms use derived from the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991) at Wave 1. At six months follow-up (Wave 2) sexual behavior with casual partners was assessed. A total of 63 YGBM reported sex with a casual partner in the six months between Waves 1 and 2, of whom 49% (N=31) had anal sex. Of the YGBM who had anal sex, 42% (N=13) had unprotected anal sex. Condom use with casual partners was best predicted by the intention to always use condoms. Furthermore, attitude, descriptive and personal norms, and perceived control significantly predicted intention to always use condoms. Interventions, targeting YGBM, aiming to promote condom use with casual partners should focus on increasing attitudes and strengthening skills to negotiate and use condoms. PMID:20024726

  20. Physicians' attitudes about their professional appearance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjerdingen, D K; Simpson, D E

    1989-01-01

    Thirty-five residents and 77 staff physicians from three residency programs in Minnesota and Wisconsin completed questionnaires about their attitudes toward various components of the physician's appearance. Most participants showed positive responses to traditional physician attire such as white coat, name tag, shirt and tie, dress pants, skirt or dress, nylons, and dress shoes. Negative responses were associated with casual items such as sandals, clogs, athletic shoes, scrub suits, and blue jeans. Cronbach's alpha analysis identified four cohesive appearance scales: traditional male appearance, casual male appearance, traditional female appearance, and casual female appearance. Older physician participants favored a more traditional appearance than did younger physicians, and of the physicians who were 35 years and younger, staff physicians tended to show more conservative views toward professional appearance than did residents.

  1. Is prostitution harmful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moen, Ole Martin

    2014-02-01

    A common argument against prostitution states that selling sex is harmful because it involves selling something deeply personal and emotional. More and more of us, however, believe that sexual encounters need not be deeply personal and emotional in order to be acceptable--we believe in the acceptability of casual sex. In this paper I argue that if casual sex is acceptable, then we have few or no reasons to reject prostitution. I do so by first examining nine influential arguments to the contrary. These arguments purport to pin down the alleged additional harm brought about by prostitution (compared to just casual sex) by appealing to various aspects of its practice, such as its psychology, physiology, economics and social meaning. For each argument I explain why it is unconvincing. I then weight the costs against the benefits of prostitution, and argue that, in sum, prostitution is no more harmful than a long line of occupations that we commonly accept without hesitation.

  2. A New Perspective on Sexual Mixing among Men Who Have Sex with Men by Body Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naftalin, Claire M.; Lee, Shui Shan

    2014-01-01

    Background “Casual sex” is seldom as non-selective and random as it may sound. During each sexual encounter, people consciously and unconsciously seek their casual sex partners according to different attributes. Influential to a sexual network, research focusing on quantifying the effects of physical appearance on sexual network has been sparse. Methods We evaluated the application of Log odds score (LOD) to assess the mixing patterns of 326 men who have sex with men (MSM) in Hong Kong in their networking of casual sex partners by Body Image Type (BIT). This involved an analysis of 1,196 respondents-casual sex partner pairs. Seven BITs were used in the study: Bear, Chubby, Slender, Lean toned, Muscular, Average and Other. Results A hierarchical pattern was observed in the preference of MSM for casual sex partners by the latter's BIT. Overall, Muscular men were most preferred, followed by Lean toned while the least preferred was Slender, as illustrated by LOD going down along the hierarchy in the same direction. Marked avoidance was found between men who self-identified as Chubby and men of Other body type (within-group-LOD: 1.25–2.89; between-group-LOD: <−1). None of the respondents reported to have networked a man who self-identified as Average for casual sex. Conclusions We have demonstrated the possibility of adopting a mathematical prototype to investigate the influence of BIT in a sexual network of MSM. Construction of matrix based on culture-specific BIT and cross-cultural comparisons would generate new knowledge on the mixing behaviors of MSM. PMID:25412266

  3. A new perspective on sexual mixing among men who have sex with men by body image.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ka-Kit Leung

    Full Text Available "Casual sex" is seldom as non-selective and random as it may sound. During each sexual encounter, people consciously and unconsciously seek their casual sex partners according to different attributes. Influential to a sexual network, research focusing on quantifying the effects of physical appearance on sexual network has been sparse.We evaluated the application of Log odds score (LOD to assess the mixing patterns of 326 men who have sex with men (MSM in Hong Kong in their networking of casual sex partners by Body Image Type (BIT. This involved an analysis of 1,196 respondents-casual sex partner pairs. Seven BITs were used in the study: Bear, Chubby, Slender, Lean toned, Muscular, Average and Other.A hierarchical pattern was observed in the preference of MSM for casual sex partners by the latter's BIT. Overall, Muscular men were most preferred, followed by Lean toned while the least preferred was Slender, as illustrated by LOD going down along the hierarchy in the same direction. Marked avoidance was found between men who self-identified as Chubby and men of Other body type (within-group-LOD: 1.25-2.89; between-group-LOD: <-1. None of the respondents reported to have networked a man who self-identified as Average for casual sex.We have demonstrated the possibility of adopting a mathematical prototype to investigate the influence of BIT in a sexual network of MSM. Construction of matrix based on culture-specific BIT and cross-cultural comparisons would generate new knowledge on the mixing behaviors of MSM.

  4. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Among Adolescent Ten-Pin Bowlers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Teo Eng-Wah; Khoo Selina; Wong Rebecca; Wee Eng-Hoe; Lim Boon-Hooi; Rengasamy Shabesan Sit

    2015-01-01

    Motivation has long been associated with sports engagement. However, to date no research has been performed to understand the domain of motivation among ten-pin bowlers. The purpose of this study was to investigate different types of motivation (i.e., intrinsic vs. extrinsic) based on self-determination theory from the perspective of gender and the bowler type (competitive vs. casual). A total of 240 bowlers (104 male, 136 female; 152 competitive, 88 casual) with a mean age of 16.61 ± 0.78 ye...

  5. Qualitative and quantitative methods for human factor analysis and assessment in NPP. Investigations and results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description of the most frequently used approaches for human reliability assesment is given. The relation between different human factor causes for human induced events in Kozloduy NPP during the period 2000 - 2003 is discussed. A comparison between the contribution of the casual factors for events occurrences in Kozloduy NPP and an Japanese NPP is presented. It can be concluded that for both NPPs the most important casual factors are: 1) written procedures and documents; 2) man-machine interface; 3) environmental working conditions; 4) working practice; 5) training and qualification; 6) supervising methods

  6. Declining Labour Use in Agriculture : A Case of Rice Cultivation in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Duvvuru, Narasimha Reddy; Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    The present paper examines the changing nature of labour use in rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. The study observed that there is a fast decline in labour use in respect of rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. All three forms of labour (family, casual and attached) have followed the same trend. But the share of casual labour in the total labour used in rice cultivation is increasing with a corresponding decline in the share of family labour. By gender, although both male and female labour u...

  7. Natural Language Query System Design for Interactive Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. M.S. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Liu, I-Hsiung

    1985-01-01

    The currently developed multi-level language interfaces of information systems are generally designed for experienced users. These interfaces commonly ignore the nature and needs of the largest user group, i.e., casual users. This research identifies the importance of natural language query system research within information storage and retrieval system development; addresses the topics of developing such a query system; and finally, proposes a framework for the development of natural language query systems in order to facilitate the communication between casual users and information storage and retrieval systems.

  8. SOCIAL-COGNITIVE DETERMINANTS OF CONDOM USE IN A COHORT OF YOUNG GAY AND BISEXUAL MEN

    OpenAIRE

    Franssens, Dirk; Hospers, Harm; Kok, Gerjo

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this prospective study was to identify relevant determinants of young gay and bisexual men?s (YGBM) condom use when having anal sex with casual partners. Respondents (185 YGBM in the midst of their coming-out; mean age 18.9) completed an online questionnaire on social-cognitive determinants of condoms use derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior (Azjen, 1991) at wave 1. At six months follow-up (wave 2) sexual behavior with casual partners was assessed. A tota...

  9. Estudio de caso del crecimiento del grupo alsea en relación a indicadores financieros y económicos durante el periodo 2000-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Servín, Jéssica Paola

    2014-01-01

    En páginas posteriores se presenta la Investigación realizada del grupo constituido formalmente como “ALSEA S.A de C.V”, cuya principal actividad se enfoca en el desarrollo y operación de restaurantes tipo franquicias Fast-Food y franquicias de comida casual o Casual-Dining en el territorio mexicano y latinoamericano, entre sus principales marcas destacan: Domino’s Pizza, Burguer King, Starbucks, Chili’s, etc., sin embargo; sus raíces retoman a 1989 cuando se constituye la primera compañía de...

  10. Community Staying Power: A Small Rural Place and Its Role in Rural Development. Research Publication No. 171.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Louis H.; Shelley, Scott

    Dunlap, Kansas, identified as a stereotypical dying small town in a 1962 study, was restudied in 1974-75 in an effort to test the dying small town hypothesis (supported only by aggregate census data and casual observation rather than by specific studies). Researchers using unobtrusive observation of Dunlap and seven nearby unincorporated villages,…

  11. A Look at the Attitudes Some Korean University Students Have towards Different Accents in English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Alice Julianna

    2012-01-01

    Casual observation usually shows a tendency for most Korean EFL students to prefer the pronunciation of teachers from English speaking nations such as Canada and the United States. However, sometimes their preferences and the reasons for their preferences, may not always reflect reality. This paper examines the results of a survey done on 92 EFL…

  12. Hate Prejudice and Racism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleg, Milton

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of the problems created by prejudiced attitudes, racist beliefs, and acts of discrimination from the casual racial or ethnic joke to the unrestrained violence of a lynch mob. It addresses such topics as the nature of ethnicity, stereotyping, aggression, and hate groups and individuals who promote ethnic…

  13. Complicated Relationships among Audit Committee Independence, Nonfinancial and Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    David Han-Min Wang; Quang LinhHuynh

    2013-01-01

    The relationships among the audit committee independence, nonfinancial performance and financial performance are quite complicated. They are not simply bivariate correlations. Rather, there may be mediating effects or moderating influences on these casual associations. Nonetheless, previous research has not investigated these complicated relationships. This paper seeks to examine the mediating impact of nonfinancial performance on the association between the audit committee independence and f...

  14. 21 CFR 600.10 - Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... duties. Persons whose presence can affect adversely the safety and purity of a product shall be excluded... day. Only persons actually concerned with propagation of the culture, production of the vaccine, and.... Casual visitors shall be excluded from such units at all times and all others having business in...

  15. De nerfamarant (Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats.) in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ham, van der R.W.J.M.

    1982-01-01

    New data are given to amplify the tentative remarks on naturalization of Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats, in the Atlas of the Netherlands Flora (Van der Ham, 1980). Although merely of casual occurrence in some localities, the species is thought to be naturalized in the dunes, along the river Waal and i

  16. Identification of Workplace Dress by Low-Income Job Seekers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiki, Diana

    2013-01-01

    The author examined how low-income job seekers participating in a workplace dress program identified traditional business and business casual dress. Seventy low-income job seekers identified clothing items as traditional business (e.g., suits, ties), similar to identifications made by professionals and image consultants in previous literature.…

  17. Motivation and Cognitive Load in the Flipped Classroom: Definition, Rationale and a Call for Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abeysekera, Lakmal; Dawson, Phillip

    2015-01-01

    Flipped classroom approaches remove the traditional transmissive lecture and replace it with active in-class tasks and pre-/post-class work. Despite the popularity of these approaches in the media, Google search, and casual hallway chats, there is very little evidence of effectiveness or consistency in understanding what a flipped classroom…

  18. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Minzu Hotel As a high-end business hotel, Minzu Hotel makes every effort to offer a casual and convenient business experience for every guest. Starting April 1, 2010, Minzu Hotel began providing free wireless Internet access services for its distinguished guests.

  19. Knowledge of Arthropod Carnivory and Herbivory: Factors Influencing Preservice Elementary Teacher's Attitudes and Beliefs toward Arthropods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagler, Ron; Wagler, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Human negativity toward arthropods has been well documented but the factors that contribute to this negativity have been elusive. This study explored knowledge of arthropod carnivory and herbivory as possible casual factors that contribute to the negative tendencies preservice elementary teachers have toward most arthropods. Specifically, this…

  20. Biogeographic congruence in the south Pacific

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seberg, Ole

    1991-01-01

    Ever since J. D. Hooker's famous 'Introductory Essay' to Flora NOVE-Zelandise, a classical problem in biogeography has been to give a casual explanation of southern hemisphere distribution patterns. An attempt is made to see whether the cladograms for the circum-Pacific areas (South America, New...

  1. Hooking Up and Identity Development of Female College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kooyman, Leslie; Pierce, Gloria; Zavadil, Amy

    2011-01-01

    Hooking up generally involves casual sex with noncommittal partners. Hooking up is prevalent on college campuses today and can negatively affect the identity development of female students. The authors examined this phenomenon with a feminist developmental perspective, evaluating hooking up in the context of sexual risk taking with physical and…

  2. Number words and number symbols a cultural history of numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Menninger, Karl

    1992-01-01

    Classic study discusses number sequence and language and explores written numerals and computations in many cultures. "The historian of mathematics will find much to interest him here both in the contents and viewpoint, while the casual reader is likely to be intrigued by the author's superior narrative ability.

  3. El Lenguaje en Evolucion (Language in Evolution)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurado, Arturo

    1974-01-01

    The evolution of the Spanish language is due, in part, to popular culture and radio, television, films and advertising. Many words take on altered meaning when used in casual, intimate or slangy conversation; included is a list of such words with their informal connotations, as used by many Mexicans. (Text is in Spanish.) (CK)

  4. Being Social @ Work: Designing for Playfully Mediated Social Awareness in Work Environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyas, D.M.; Watering, van de M.R.; Eliëns, A.; Veer, van der G.C.; Venkatesh, A; Gonsalves, T; Monk, A; Buckner, K

    2007-01-01

    Awareness within work environments should not be seen limited to important work-related information, activities and relationships. Mediating somewhat casual and engaging encounters related to non-work issues could also lead to meaningful and pleasurable experiences. This paper explores a design appr

  5. Thermal Environment Evaluation in Commercial Kitchens of United States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simone, Angela; Olesen, Bjarne W.

    more than 100 kitchens environments in the United States were investigated in summer and winter. Results show the influence due to type of kitchen (fast food, casual, etc.) and climatic region. Physical measurement confirmed that communally the workers are exposed to a warm or hot environment...

  6. Precarious, informalizing, and flexible work: transforming concepts and new understandings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Arnold; J.R. Bongiovi

    2013-01-01

    There is a considerable body of academic and activist research that studies the prevalence of precariousness in contemporary societies. It goes by many names that are often interchangeable, including precarious work, precarity, informalization, and casualization. These are typically rooted in emergi

  7. 38 CFR 3.356 - Conditions which determine permanent incapacity for self-support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... factors. Employment which was only casual, intermittent, tryout, unsuccessful, or terminated after a short...-support otherwise established. (3) It should be borne in mind that employment of a child prior or... of the child, the economic situation of the family, indulgent attitude of parents, and the like....

  8. 49 CFR 194.117 - Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for emergency response operations in 29 CFR 1910.120, including volunteers or casual laborers employed during a response who are subject to those standards pursuant to 40 CFR part 311. ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Training. 194.117 Section 194.117...

  9. Phyllosticta species associated with freckle disease of banana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, M.H.; Crous, P.W.; Henderson, J.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Drenth, A.

    2012-01-01

    The identity of the casual agent of freckle disease of banana was investigated. The pathogen is generally referred to in literature under its teleomorphic name, Guignardia musae, or that of its purported anamorph, Phyllosticta musarum. Based on morphological and molecular data from a global set of b

  10. Great Service Pays: A Model for Service Delivery in an Academic Music Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Andrew M.

    2007-01-01

    Special-subject libraries can be particularly intimidating for casual and seasoned patrons alike. Music libraries, with their variety of materials, formats, and vocabularies, can present particular challenges for the user. With this proposal for a model of service delivery, as well as many tips gained through experience working the front-of-house…

  11. JASPAR, the open access database of transcription factor-binding profiles: new content and tools in the 2008 update

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryne, J.C.; Valen, E.; Tang, M.H.E.;

    2008-01-01

    JASPAR is a popular open-access database for matrix models describing DNA-binding preferences for transcription factors and other DNA patterns. With its third major release, JASPAR has been expanded and equipped with additional functions aimed at both casual and power users. The heart of the JASPAR...

  12. Retail Minority Shareholders and Corporate Reputation as Determinant of Dividend Policy in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, King Fuei

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the influence of retail minority shareholders in the determination of corporate dividend policies of Australian companies. While retail investors are typically also minority shareholders and therefore perceived in academic literature to have limited influence on corporate dividend decisions, casual empiricism suggests the contrary. We hypothesise that corporate reputation serves as a device aligning managers’ incentives with retail minority shareholder interests, and ...

  13. A Fragment of a Broken Mind%内心被打碎的片断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马沁园

    2006-01-01

    @@ In a life fraught1 with peaks and troughs2,casually,the traveler keeps moving.The events that lead him from one place to another are subtle in form,and he is forever trying to understand what is driving him.

  14. Sex Segregation in Friendships and Normative Contexts across the Life Span

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Clare M.; Strough, JoNell

    2009-01-01

    Sex segregation (the separation of boys and girls into same-sex groups in their friendships and casual encounters; [Thorne, B., & Luria, Z. (1986). Sexuality and gender in children's daily worlds. "Social Problems, 33", 176-190]), has typically been viewed as a childhood phenomenon. In the present paper, we review research that suggests the…

  15. Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buunk, Abraham (Bram); Dijkstra, Pieternel; Fetchenhauer, D.; Kenrick, D.T.

    2002-01-01

    The present study investigated mate preferences for five different levels of relationship involvement-marriage, serious relationship, falling in love, casual sex, and sexual fantasies-among individuals of 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 years of age. Consistent with an evolutionary perspective, men preferred

  16. Building Professional Social Media Communications Skills: A STEM-Originated Course with University-Wide Student Appeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baim, Susan A.

    2016-01-01

    Routine correspondence with the author's business technology students indicated the need for increased skill and professionalism in social media communications as a key driver of successful career development strategies. A new course designed to assist students in transitioning from typical, casual social media use to the more rigorous and…

  17. A Doctor Talks to 5-to-8-Year Olds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meilach, Dona Z.; Mandel, Elias

    One of a series of books written by doctors for their patients, this publication gives information about life in casual and straightforward children's language. Birds, fish and other animals are compared to humans and are used as examples to explain conception, birth and the development of babies to adulthood. To illustrate important concepts,…

  18. Entrepreneurship Education and Graduates Unemployment in Oyo State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emunemu, B. O.; Kasali, O. J.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated entrepreneurship and graduates' unemployment in Nigeria.The problem of unemployment in Nigeria has become endemic. There have been reported cases of under-employment, seasonal, casual and full blown unemployment. Previous studies on unemployment and factors influencing it in Nigeria identify poor educational standards,…

  19. Assessment of Management Competencies Possessed by Postgraduate University Business Education Students to Handle Entrepreneurship Business Challenges in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoro, James

    2015-01-01

    University Business Education graduates, by the nature of their programme, ought to possess relevant management competencies for successful entrepreneurship but casual observation and empirical reports indicate that they are not doing well in this aspect. Therefore, this study assessed the management competencies possessed by the university…

  20. Radon in caves: clinical aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Craven Stephen A.; Smit Berend J.

    2006-01-01

    Historical, experimental and clinical evidence is presented to suggest that radon constitutes a relatively small carcinogenic risk for casual visitors to caves. The risk is dependent on radon levels and the smoking of tobacco. Show cave guides, chronically exposed to radon, may be at increased risk for lung cancer due to the effects of radon, especially if they are smokers of tobacco.

  1. Therapeutic Influence as a Function of Therapist Attire and the Seating Arrangement in an Initial Interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gass, Carlton S.

    1984-01-01

    Investigated the impact of therapist attire and seating arrangement on observers' perceptions of a therapist's attractiveness, expertise, and trustworthiness. Undergraduates (N=233) listened to an audiotaped interview while viewing a slide presentation. The casual attire/no desk setting elicited the highest attraction ratings, mediated by the…

  2. Effects of Graduate Teaching Assistant Attire on Student Learning, Misbehaviors, and Ratings of Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, K. David

    1997-01-01

    Finds significant relationships between levels of teaching assistant dress and student cognitive learning, student affective learning, and ratings of instruction. Finds significant negative relationship between casual instructor attire and student likelihood of misbehavior, with misbehaviors less likely for teaching assistants with high…

  3. Fashion in the Classroom: Effects of Attire on Student Perceptions of Instructors in College Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Tracy L.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Finds that more formal dress (business suits, dress shoes) was associated with increased ratings of teaching assistants' competence, particularly for female students rating female instructors. Shows, however, that contrary to common assumptions, the most positive influences of instructor dress were found in the highly casual condition (faded…

  4. UbiqBio: Adoptions and Outcomes of Mobile Biology Games in the Ecology of School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Judy; Klopfer, Eric

    2014-01-01

    The integration of learning games into schools holds significant promise, yet faces numerous obstacles. Ubiquitous games (casual games for smart phones) attempt to motivate students to engage repeatedly with content beyond school, while enabling teachers to facilitate deeper reflection on game-related curricula during class. During a two-year…

  5. Genetic diversity of rice sheath blight isolates (Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA) from different rice cultivars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Rhizoctonia solani AG 1 IA, the non specific, soil borne, and plant casual agent of rice sheath blight, occurring world widely in rice fields, has become a major disease to rice. In this study,relationships among R. solani AG 1 IA isolates, collected from different rice cultivars were reported.

  6. What is Job Satisfaction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke. Edwin A.

    Despite considerable interest in the study of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction, our understanding of these phenomena has not increased substantially in the past 30 years. It is argued that a major reason for this lack of progress is the implicit conception of casuality accepted by most psychologists. It is called the policy of "correlation…

  7. Manatees mapping seagrass (USA & Puerto Rico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slone, Daniel H.; Reid, James P.; Kenworthy, W. Judson; Di Carlo, Giuseppe; Butler, Susan M.

    2012-01-01

    West Indian manatees (Trichechus manatus) are secretive creatures. While some of their behaviours at winter aggregation sites in Florida are readily visible to the casual observer, many of their habits and movements are difficult to observe. They rely on submerged vegetation for nutrition, and seagrasses are one of their most important food sources.

  8. The Effect of Climate Change on Optimal Wetlands and Waterfowl Management in Western Canada

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Whitey, P.; Kooten, van G.C.

    2011-01-01

    Warmer temperatures and a decrease in precipitation in the 21st century could severely deplete wetlands in the prairie pothole region of western Canada. In this study, we employ linear regression analysis to determine the casual effect of climate change on wetlands in this region, with temperature,

  9. Aid Effectiveness, Transaction Costs and Conditionality in the Education Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashford, Richard; Biswas, Shampa

    2010-01-01

    The reduction of transaction costs is a commonly mentioned yet rarely elaborated goal for aid effectiveness in educational development. The casual use of the concept of transaction costs conceals which costs may be reduced, which costs are required and, indeed, what transaction costs actually are. Examining issues related to harmonizing the…

  10. Analysis of The Jilting of Granny Weatherall--Apply the Artistic Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱慧

    2013-01-01

    The Jilting of Granny Weatherall, the superlative works of Katherine Anne Porter of America, presented the situation of the protagonist——Granny towards the end of her life. The novel seemed casual and random. However, with a certain artistic appreciation, it’ s easier to find that the whole novel is arranged with luxuriating artistic method and sophisticated skill.

  11. Tough Shift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brewer, Robert S.; Verdezoto, Nervo; Holst, Thomas;

    2015-01-01

    people to change their behavior at home. Leveraging prior research on encouraging reductions in residential energy use through game play, we introduce ShareBuddy: a casual mobile game intended to encourage players not only to reduce, but also to shift their electricity use. We conducted two field studies...... real-world resource use into a game....

  12. Stranger and Acquaintance Rape: Are There Differences in the Victim's Experience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koss, Mary P.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Examined rape by strangers and by acquaintances, including nonromantic acquaintances, casual dates, steady dates, and family members in 489 rape victims. Acquaintance rape typically involved single offender and multiple episodes, was less often perceived as rape or revealed to anyone, and, except for rapes by family members, was rated less…

  13. Modifiers in BASE and MICASE: A Matter of Academic Cultures or Lecturing Styles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chia-Yen

    2012-01-01

    Numerous studies have investigated the occurrence of modifiers in a variety of settings, especially academic research writing and casual spoken contexts. This study extends previous research in two ways: (1) it examines pragmatic force modifiers (PFMs) (and) in lectures in BASE and MICASE in order to reveal their functions specific to the…

  14. Socio-Economic Impact of Higher Education in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Anam Azam, Muhammad Rafiq, Fauzia Nazir

    2015-01-01

    In  this study, the socio-economic impact of higher education in Pakistan are studied. The main objective of this study was to examine and analyse the casual relationship between socio/economic impacts in higher education. The study has also highlighted the firm relationship in higher education. The findings showed that there is positive relationship in higher education.

  15. Further Thoughts on the Writing of Stories: A Response to Michael Gard and Ian Wellard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbourne, David; Jones, Robyn

    2014-01-01

    In his most recent piece (Gilbourne et al., 2011) and in the present article, the author revisits the notion of "caring" in applied sport psychology, offering readers the chance to wonder how a word misplaced or a gesture of casual indifference might cause lasting damage. As in his recent book, "Critical Essays in Sport…

  16. De nerfamarant (Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats.) in Nederland

    OpenAIRE

    Ham, van, M.

    1982-01-01

    New data are given to amplify the tentative remarks on naturalization of Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats, in the Atlas of the Netherlands Flora (Van der Ham, 1980). Although merely of casual occurrence in some localities, the species is thought to be naturalized in the dunes, along the river Waal and in urban areas. It was first found in 1900.

  17. The Cheapest Apartments in Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankele, Chad; Sommer, Robert

    1973-01-01

    Several surveys are reported of tenants in a low-rent apartment complex in a university town before and after renovation. The tenants were willing to trade off the lack of amenities and anomie in return for low rent and casual lease arrangements. (JP)

  18. The Fwobble

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Niels Christian; Serafin, Stefania; Nordahl, Rolf

    2012-01-01

    of the board converted to tilt angle. Using this board, an experiment was conducted in order to assess the role of auditory and haptic feedback in facilitating balance control. For this purpose, a casual balance game was designed, where players were asked to balance a penguin standing on a rotating ice floe...

  19. Basic entwinements: unassuming analogue inserts in basic digital modeling (courses)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiesner, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    morphologies in a seemingly scaleless manipulative universe, simple, rapid-paced analogue sketching tool can be introduced to supplement a purely digital approach. Inserted casually, yet with almost acupunctural precision during digital coursework, the simple analogue sketching tools present a wide variety...

  20. I Want Your Sext: Sexting and Sexual Risk in Emerging Adult Minority Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Mikaela Jessica; Powell, Adeya; Gordon, Derrick; Kershaw, Trace

    2016-04-01

    Sexting, sending, or receiving sexually suggestive or explicit messages/photos/videos, have not been studied extensively. The aims of this study is to understand factors associated with sexting among minority (e.g., African- American, Hispanic) emerging adult males and the association between sexting and sexual risk. We recruited 119 emerging adult heterosexual males and assessed sexting and sexual risk behaviors. Fifty-four percent of participants sent a sext, and 70% received a sext. Participants were more likely to sext with casual partners than with steady partners. Multiple regression analyses showed that participants who sent sexts to steady partners had significantly more unprotected vaginal intercourse and oral sex. Participants who sent sexts to casual partners had significantly more partners, and participants who received sexts from casual partners had significantly more unprotected oral sex and sex while on substances. We found that sexting is a frequent and reciprocal behavior among emerging adults, and there were different patterns of significance for sexts with casual and steady partners.

  1. Thermal comfort in commercial kitchens (RP-1469)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simone, Angela; Olesen, Bjarne W.; Stoops, John L.;

    2013-01-01

    The indoor climate in commercial kitchens is often unsatisfactory, and working conditions can have a significant effect on employees’ comfort and productivity. The type of establishment (fast food, casual, etc.) and climatic zone can influence thermal conditions in the kitchens. Moreover, the siz...

  2. Notes on the genus Pyrgus (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de R.

    1975-01-01

    1. Pyrgus alveus caucasius Picard and Pyrgus jupei Alberti In a paper on Pyrgus bellieri, Picard (1949: 57) casually named the populations of Pyrgus alveus from the Caucasus and Transcaucasia caucasius. According to Picard, Reverdin (1915) confused this form with the Chinese sifanicus which has diff

  3. Winning Students Back from McDonald's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hean, Lim Lee; Tin, Low Guat

    1996-01-01

    Describes a Singapore principal's turnaround strategy to improve his secondary students' academic performance and study habits. Principal Tong Pak Goh won students back from McDonald's and other distractions by creating an atmosphere of care and casual comfort, holding afterschool tutoring sessions for problem and latchkey kids, and counseling…

  4. What's reality television got to do with it? Talking politics in the net-based public sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.; Brants, K.; Voltmer, K.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is to see whether online discussion forums dedicated to popular culture (reality TV) provide a communicative space, content and style for politics that extends the public sphere. Given their typically casual, chatty and frivolous nature, we might assume that political talk do

  5. The World in Our Own Image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, David W.

    This paper considers the student population in the two year college, their problems, and the factors affecting their success. Stress, among these students, takes all kinds of different forms and is derived from all kinds of different sources. Today's students live in a world of casual isolation and anonymity; they do not have the family ties that…

  6. Quality Assurance of Assessment and Moderation Discourses Involving Sessional Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grainger, Peter; Adie, Lenore; Weir, Katie

    2016-01-01

    Quality assurance is a major agenda in tertiary education. The casualisation of academic work, especially in teaching, is also a quality assurance issue. Casual or sessional staff members teach and assess more than 50% of all university courses in Australia, and yet the research in relation to the role sessional staff play in quality assurance of…

  7. Transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Zhong-wei; LI Xiao-wen; FENG Dan; CAO Wu-chun

    2007-01-01

    Objective To review the transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous population.Data sources The data used in this review were adopted mainly from the studies of models of tuberculosis reported from 1995 to 2006.Study selection Relevant literature on transmission models of tuberculosis in heterogeneous populations are referenced.Results Casual/random factors and genetic factors are the main reasons for epidemics of tuberculosis in recent years.Mass public transport is playing the primary role in casually close contact which can facilitate the transmission of tuberculosis. Genetic susceptibility not only varies endemic prevalence levels, but also drastically alters the effects of treatment for tuberculosis patients. Detailed studies further exhibit that casual contact and genetic factor are responsible for over 30%-40% of the total new cases in recent years. The prevalence of tuberculosis could double (from 33% to 60%)if a genetically susceptible phenotype is present in only 30% of the population. And some challenges have emerged along with these exciting results.Conclusions Casual/random contact, public transport and genetic susceptibility are responsible for most new tuberculosis cases and a wide variation in endemic tuberculosis levels between regions. Hence, the transmission model of tuberculosis in a heterogeneous population can provide more clues to underlying mechanism of tuberculosis transmission than in a homogeneous population. However, many challenges remain for us in understanding transmission of disease.

  8. Cold-Fusion Brouhaha Signals Shifts in the Way Science Proceeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Chris

    1989-01-01

    The public display of disagreement between scientists over the reported achievement of cold fusion shocked casual observers but is said by long-time observers to be unremarkable in science history. Concern on all sides focuses on the political and business aspects of discovery and the degree of scientific competition. (MSE)

  9. Predictors of Condom Use in Latino Migrant Day Laborers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organista, Kurt C.; Ehrlich, Samantha F.

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on predictors of condom use with casual female sex partners on the part of Latino migrant day laborers in the San Francisco Bay Area. Results come from a secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional survey using convenience sampling to interview 290 sexually active adult, male, migrant Latino day laborers. Regression…

  10. Physical Attractiveness and Courtship Progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Gregory L.

    1980-01-01

    Among college students who were casual or serious daters, greater relative attractiveness was positively correlated with greater relative availability of opposite-sexed friends and negatively correlated with worrying about partner's potential involvement with others. A 9-month follow-up revealed that similarity of attractiveness was predictive of…

  11. Developing organizational structures for international marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan Cucu

    2002-01-01

    International marketing represents marketing activities performed across national boundaries. The level of involvement in international marketing can range from casual exporting to globalization of markets. Although most firms adjust their marketing mixes for differences in target markets, some firms are able to standardize their marketing efforts worldwide

  12. Changing Planet, Common Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pember, Mary Annette

    2011-01-01

    To the casual observer, it might seem that Western science is greatly influenced by Indigenous science and wisdom. Mainstream scientists are showing a surge of interest in the observational data possessed by Indigenous peoples, a growing willingness to work in partnership with them--rather than viewing them as source material, a general increase…

  13. Long-term consequences of falanga torture--what do we know and what do we need to know?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amris, Kirstine; Torp-Pedersen, Søren; Rasmussen, Ole Vedel

    2009-01-01

    The long-term consequences of falanga are probably the best described consequences of exposure to specific forms of physical torture. Theories about casual lesions in the peripheral tissues of the feet have been put forward based on clinical observations along with international guidelines...

  14. BEIJING RESTAURANTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Head to Block House for Nutritious and Healthy Food! We founded the first Block House in Hamburg in 1968 with the aim of offering our guests natural and healthy food in a polished, casual atmosphere. We gave it cozy furnishings and a rustic interior with unmistakable character, and it soon became a culinary attraction for people who love tender, juicy steaks and tasty food.

  15. Resistance contact thin-film resistor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spirin V. G.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The analytical model of the calculation of the contact resistance of the thin-film resistor is Offered. The Explored dependency of the contact resistance from wedge of the pickling. The Considered influence adhesive layer on warm-up stability of the resistor. They Are Received formulas of the calculation systematic and casual inaccuracy contributed by contact resistance.

  16. Persistent primitive trigeminal artery - case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kegel, W.

    1983-03-01

    The trigeminal artery is the most frequently persistent embryonic anastomosis of the carotido-basilar circle, considered to be of no clinical significance, detected only casually. However there have been reports in the relevant literature describing the pathological significance of this anastomosis in some cases.

  17. 29 CFR 553.210 - Fire protection activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS APPLICATION..., regardless of their status as full time or part time agency employees or as temporary or casual workers... construction of fire roads, would also be within the section 7(k) or 13(b)(20) exemption. (c) Not included...

  18. With One Voice 2002: America's Adults and Teens Sound Off about Teen Pregnancy. An Annual National Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Campaign To Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC.

    Two national surveys, one of youth ages 12 to 19 and the other of adults over age 19 years, examined attitudes toward teen pregnancy. Respondents express more cautious attitudes toward early and casual sex than is generally believed, and large majorities of both groups support a strong abstinence message for teens coupled with information about…

  19. Programme Note: Street Children in Bucharest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrescu, Gabriela

    1996-01-01

    Interviewed Bucharest street children, most between 11 and 15 years of age. Found that most left families, not institutions. Half were from intact families characterized by many children, an incarcerated parent, physical violence, sexual abuse, or alcoholism. Most worked either begging or in casual labor, and engaged in substance abuse.…

  20. Research in Applied Linguistics: Becoming a Discerning Consumer, 2nd Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Fred L., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Newly updated and revised, this popular text provides a solid introduction to the foundations of research methods, with the goal of enabling students and professionals in the field of applied linguistics to become not just casual consumers of research who passively read bits and pieces of a research article, but "discerning" consumers able to…

  1. The Digitization of Early English Books: A Database Comparison of Internet Archive and Early English Books Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightenburg, Cindy

    2016-01-01

    The use of digital books is diverse, ranging from casual reading to in-depth primary source research. Digitization of early English printed books in particular, has provided greater access to a previously limited resource for academic faculty and researchers. Internet Archive, a free, internet website and Early English Books Online, a subscription…

  2. Race Relations Stories: How Southeast Asian Refugees Interpret the Ancestral Narration of Black and White Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Jeremy; Moore, Christopher D.

    2009-01-01

    The contact hypothesis (Allport 1954) predicts that cross-racial interaction can produce social bonding under certain status, relational, and institutional conditions. We extend this classic theory on ingroups and outgroups using qualitative data on Cambodian and Hmong refugees' recollections of casual conversations about ancestry with black and…

  3. Sekret populjarnosti : rasskazhi gadost pro znamenitost / Olga Bakushinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bakushinskaja, Olga

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade kuulsustele pühendatud tänapäeva vene kirjandusest: Aleksandr Tshervinski, "Shishkin less" (Mihhalkovide perekonnast) ; Oksana Robski "Casual" ; Aleksandr Aleksandrov, "Barbekju v gubernskom klube" ; Andrei Malgin, "Sovetnik prezidenta" (prototüübiks Anatoli Pristavkin)

  4. Millennial Trends in Chinese Fashion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Fashion trends of spring and summer 2000 ※Comfort, Casual & Sporty ※Cherishing the Memory of Past Times ※A Mix of Various Local Cultures ※Architectural Style—Deconstructionism ※The Age of Outer Space—Futurism

  5. Party Animals or Responsible Men: Social Class, Race, and Masculinity on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Studies of collegiate party and hookup culture tend to overlook variation along social class and racial/ethnic lines. Drawing on interview data at a "party school" in the Midwest, I examine the meanings and practices of drinking and casual sex for a group of class and race-diverse fraternity men. While more privileged men draw on ideas…

  6. Searching for Movies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogers, Toine

    2015-01-01

    Despite a surge in popularity of work on casual leisure search, some leisure domains are still relatively underrepresented. Movies are good example of such a domain, which is peculiar given the popularity of movie-centered websites and discovery services such as IMDB, RottenTomatoes, and Netflix...

  7. Brave New World of Teacher Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2012-01-01

    Evaluating teachers--whether casually or more rigorously, annually or less frequently--has long been part of the job description of many a principal and assistant principal, who often have relied on occasional observations to make their judgments. What has usually resulted are an overwhelming number of "satisfactory" ratings and the infrequent…

  8. Factual Accuracy and Trust in Information: The Role of Expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucassen, T.; Schraagen, J.M.C.

    2011-01-01

    In the past few decades, the task of judging the credibility of information has shifted from trained professionals (e.g., editors) to end users of information (e.g., casual Internet users). Lacking training in this task, it is highly relevant to research the behavior of these end users. In this arti

  9. From Candy Crush to Catan: One Student's Perspective on the Benefits of Gaming in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebbs, Morgan

    2016-01-01

    In the spring semester of 2015, Morgan Ebbs made the bold decision to take a class called "The Rhetoric of Gaming." Having only really played games during childhood, Ebbs now thinks that choice was a bit naive. He is not ashamed to admit that he was the definition of what some like to refer to as "casual," "plebe," or…

  10. Perceptual adaptation to segmental and syllabic reductions in continuous spoken Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poellmann, K.; Bosker, H.R.; McQueen, J.M.; Mitterer, H.A.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates if and how listeners adapt to reductions in casual continuous speech. In a perceptual-learning variant of the visual-world paradigm, two groups of Dutch participants were exposed to either segmental (/b/ -> [upsilon] or syllabic (ver- -> [f:]) reductions in spoken Dutch

  11. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  12. Retail Trade. Industry Training Monograph No. 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Australia's retailing sector is the largest single industry of employment, with more than 1.2 million workers. It is characterized by high levels of part-time and casual employment; a young work force, including many young people still in full-time education; and employment widely distributed geographically. Over the past 10 years, employment has…

  13. Whatever Happened to Vera?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henderson, Jo

    2013-01-01

    abstractThe road to technological progress is littered with unsuccessful prototypes and their inventors, and in British television there is perhaps no better example than John Logie Baird, universally recognised as the inventor of the technology, but not the successful business model. Another casual

  14. IMPACT OF SOLAR ULTRAVIOLET-B RADIATION (290-320 NM) UPON MARINE MICROALGAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    For years scientists and laymen alike have casually noted the impact of solar ultraviolet radiation upon the nonhuman component of the biosphere. Stratospheric ozone functions effectively as an ultraviolet screen by filtering out solar radiation in the 220-320 nm waveband as it p...

  15. Motivating Kids to Be Active

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... activity, or both. 2. The casual athlete: This child is interested in being active but isn't a star player and is at risk of getting discouraged in a competitive athletic environment. 3. The athlete: This child has athletic ability, is committed to a sport ...

  16. Pocket Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰莹; 赵惠; 李世芹; 袁琳

    2007-01-01

    Do you get any poch’et money from your parents? What do you do with it?刘杰莹Pocket Money (1st Floor) I get some pocket money from Mom every day.But I never spend it casually.Except the money for breakfast,

  17. Determinants of Quality Perception in Educational Administration: Potential Conflict between the Requirements of Internal and External Customers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, R. L.; Wearn, Katrina

    1998-01-01

    Attempts to measure perceived quality, based on customers' views within the context of a (British) university faculty office, using a modified SERVQUAL instrument. Internal customers demonstrated that perceived quality is driven by task-focused issues, stressing clarity, accuracy, and reliability. External customers, whose usage is more casual,…

  18. The Link between Training Satisfaction, Work Engagement and Turnover Intention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memon, Mumtaz Ali; Salleh, Rohani; Baharom, Mohamed Noor Rosli

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the casual relationship between training satisfaction, work engagement (WE) and turnover intention and the mediating role of WE between training satisfaction and turnover intention. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 409 oil and gas professionals using an email survey…

  19. Thinking Fast and Slow about Causality: Response to Palinkas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Jeanne C.

    2014-01-01

    Larry Palinkas advances the developing science of social work by providing an explanation of how social science research methods, both qualitative and quantitative, can improve our capacity to draw casual inferences. Understanding causal relations and making causal inferences--with the promise of being able to predict and control outcomes--is…

  20. Bringing up condom use and using condoms with new sexual partners : Intentional or habitual?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yzer, MC; Siero, FW; Buunk, BP

    2001-01-01

    A prospective study of 94 Dutch adults who have casual sexual partners examined whether two important aspects of safe sex. namely bringing up condom use (BCU) and actual condom use (ACU) are intentional or habitual. For each of these aspects, a model based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB: Aj

  1. Teachers' Perceptions of the Effect of Their Attire on Middle-School Students' Behavior and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Elizabeth Clemons

    2016-01-01

    Teachers were once held to a professional dress code. This code has become lax, resulting in teachers dressing in more casual attire. A local middle school in rural Georgia was experiencing complaints about teachers' unprofessional attire from other teachers, administrators, and parents. Teachers play an integral role in modeling cultural and…

  2. Age preferences for mates as related to gender, own age, and involvement level

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buunk, BP; Dijkstra, P; Kenrick, DT; Warntjes, A

    2001-01-01

    The present study examined desired minimum and maximum ages for mates across five different levels of relationship involvement (marriage, serious relationship, falling in love, casual sex, and sexual fantasies) comparing individuals of 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 years old. Consistent with previous findi

  3. Teaching a Comprehensive Course on Stress and Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFrank, Richard S.

    2012-01-01

    Given the growing literature on and documented importance of workplace stress, it is suggested that this topic deserves more than a casual mention in introductory management classes. The current article reviews a comprehensive course dedicated to the phenomenon of stress in the work setting, which addresses issues such as theories, demands and…

  4. Satisfying Friendship Maintenance Expectations: The Role of Friendship Standards and Biological Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jeffrey A.; Larson, Kiley A.; Watts, Amber

    2011-01-01

    The ideal standards model predicts linear relationship among friendship standards, expectation fulfillment, and relationship satisfaction. Using a diary method, 197 participants reported on expectation fulfillment in interactions with one best, one close, and one casual friend (N = 591) over five days (2,388 interactions). Using multilevel…

  5. Oil demand reduction in an oil crisis. Evaluation of oil demand-reducing measures for the transportation sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Every IEA member state must have in place measures to reduce oil demand during oil supply emergencies. The transport sector offers significant opportunities to reduce oil demand with relatively limited impact on the overall economy. To determine which measures are useful in the Dutch situation, this report performs a quick scan of a number of demand restraint measures in the transport sector. The quick scan ranks measures by their effectiveness, feasibility, and efficiency. Based on the quick scan results, three measures have been selected for further research (Sunday driving ban, work-trip reduction, and carpooling). Additionally, the effects of price increases on oil demand have been examined. Five refineries and a large petrochemical industry sector are based in the Netherlands. Therefore, the shares of passenger road transport (20%) and freight road transport (12%) in the national oil demand are comparatively low. As a consequence an oil demand reduction in road transport of at least 20% to 30% is required to meet the national oil demand reduction target of 7% to 10% agreed within IEA. Price effects during an oil crisis are uncertain given limited research, and estimated to reduce oil demand from passenger road transport by 15% to 35% and oil demand from freight road transport by 10% to 25%. Given the uncertainty, this effect was halved to obtain a conservative estimate of 2% to 4% of national oil demand reduction as a result of price effects. A Sunday driving ban can lead to reductions of 50% to 80% of passenger travel on Sundays, leading to savings of 1% to 1.5% of national oil demand. Work-trip reduction policies can reduce worktrips by 10% and lead to reductions of 0.5% to 1% of total oil demand. Carpooling has the greatest potential, reducing work trips up to 30% and leading to 0% to 2.5% savings of national oil demand. The broad range of the latter estimate is due to the limited options available to influence motorists to share their vehicles with others

  6. Take part in the Commute-Another-Way Challenge!

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    Ring the changes on Thursday, 4 June by commuting another way! CERN has signed up for the 5th “challenge mobilité Rhône-Alpes”, the aim of which is to encourage people to use modes of transport other than their car to get to work. Are you up for the challenge?   Join in the challenge! Sign up using the dedicated CERN form. "Commute another way!" is an initiative launched by the Rhône-Alpes regional authorities and the French environment agency ADEME (l’Agence de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie française) to promote alternative ways of travelling to work than the car (excluding carpooling), in private and public-sector organisations across the region. We love this idea and CERN has been signed up to a similar scheme - Bike to Work - for several years. That’s why we’ve decided that CERN should join the Commute-A...

  7. Self-interest and pro-environmental behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Laurel; Maio, Gregory R.; Corner, Adam; Hodgetts, Carl J.; Ahmed, Sameera; Hahn, Ulrike

    2013-02-01

    Inspired by the principles used to market physical products, campaigns to promote pro-environmental behaviour have increasingly emphasized self-interested (for example, economic) reasons for engaging with a self-transcendent cause (that is, protecting the environment). Yet, psychological evidence about values and behaviour suggests that giving self-interested reasons, rather than self-transcending reasons, to carry out a self-transcending action should be ineffective at increasing self-transcending behaviour more generally. In other words, such a campaign may fail to cause spillover, or an increase in other, different environmental behaviours. Here we show that recycling rates are dependent on the information participants receive about a separate environmental behaviour, car-sharing (carpooling in the USA). In two experiments, we found that recycling was significantly higher than control when participants received environmental information about car-sharing, but was no different from control when they received financial information or (in experiment 2) received both financial and environmental information. Our results suggest that, congruent with value theory, positive spillover from one environmental message to another behaviour (car-sharing to recycling) may occur primarily when self-transcending reasons alone are made salient.

  8. Not used to public transport any longer. A study about transport service based on needs and requirements in Siljansnaes; Man har vant sig av med kollektivtrafik. En studie om transportservice baserad paa behov och vanor i Siljansnaes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warsen, Lisa

    2000-05-01

    The goal of the transport policy is that every citizen shall have a transport service on a reasonable level. In sparsely populated areas the public transport service is on a low level and many groups without a private car will have small possibilities to travel to different activities. Siljansnaes, with nearly 2000 citizens, is a small region in the community Leksand in Dalarna where the transport problem have been more tangible. The aim of this project has been to create a transport system more based on the needs and requirements. Also the people who lives in Siljansnaes in their leisure times are a part in the project. They are almost as many as the permanent living ones. The result also has been built on the goal of a higher care of the environment. The transport solution contains; village-bus, car-pooling, changed price system for public transport, but also a partnership between the citizens, the community and the regional transport company (Dalatrafik). The project as a process has the goal that the people in Siljansnaes should take part of the solution and the responsibility for the operation of the system.

  9. Choice of an Optimal Management Strategy of Transport Demand Using Multi-Criteria Analysis: City of Zagreb Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljupko Šimunović

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available After initial enthusiasm by motor vehicles, society is lately increasingly noticing their shortcomings. Traffic problems caused by excessive use of cars, still represent a very serious and widespread problem, particularly in cities. Public opinion expresses dissatisfaction with the quality of the environment and traffic conditions. As the most important demand, the demand for human health stands out in the first place, and, consequently, the demand for sustainable transport development. The fact that the EU is involved in solving traffic problems by means of various directives and scientific research projects, points out the seriousness of the problem. Two solutions which are mainly used for solving traffic problems in cities are the construction or extension of existing transport infrastructure and traffic demand management (TDM. Traffic demand management is a new paradigm, which aims at reducing or transforming of traffic demand through reduction of unnecessary drives by cars and improvement of more efficient, healthier and, above all, cleaner forms of public and non-motorized transport. There is a whole range of methods for traffic demand management, such as Park & Ride system, carpooling, carsharing, priority for the vehicles with specified number of passenger – HOV, teleworking, congestion charging, charging for use of road infrastructure, bicycling infrastructure improvement, etc. The topic of the work focuses on the choice of optimal traffic demand management strategies in the city of Zagreb using multi-criteria analysis.

  10. Evaluation of the State Energy Conservation Program from program initiation to September 1978. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heller, James N.; Grossmann, John R.; Shochet, Susan; Bresler, Joel; Duggan, Noreene

    1980-03-01

    The State Energy Conservation Program was established in 1975 to promote energy conservation and to help states develop and implement their own conservation programs. Base (5) and supplemental (3) programs required states to implement programs including: mandatory thermal-efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings; mandatory lighting efficiency standards for public buildings; mandatory standards and policies affecting the procurement practices of the state and its political subdivisions; program measures to promote the availability and use of carpools, vanpools, and public transportation; a traffic law or regulation which permits a right turn-on-red; and procedures to carry out a continuing public education effort to increase awareness of energy conservation; procedures which promote effective coordination among local, state, and Federal energy conservation programs; and procedures for carrying out energy audits on buildings and industrial plants. All 50 states and Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the District of Columbia participated in the program. The total 1980 energy savings projected by the states is about 5.9 quadrillion Btu's or about 7% of the DOE projected 1980 baseline consumption of just under 83 quads. The detailed summary is presented on the following: information the SECP evaluation; DOE response to the SECP; DOE's role in the program management process; the effectiveness of the states in managing the SECP; the status of program measure implementation; innovative state energy conservation programs; and the evaluation methodology.

  11. States may need aid to obtain aid for energy-conservation programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-07-01

    The $50 million in aid for states' energy conservation, authorized by Congress in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (PL94-163), would more than fill the gap left by shrinkage of other Federal programs. But much of the $50 million will be difficult to get, even for states like Pennsylvania which has an energetic conservation program. To qualify for aid, governors must fight difficult political battles on state and local levels. The priorities that Congress imposes as funding criteria are mandatory lighting-efficiency standards for public buildings; programs to promote carpooling and public transport; legalization of right turns at red lights; establishment of energy efficiency as a governing consideration in the procurement procedures of states and their political subdivisions; and mandatory thermal-efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings. Guidelines for meeting those criteria were recently promulgated by the Federal Energy Administration, but FEA has not yet published critical data projections and measurement methodologies. (MCW)

  12. Sustainable Mobility System – a Challenge for Kaunas University of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žaneta Stasiškienė

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays more and more universities include sustainability into their strategies and intergrate this concept into their activities. Kaunas University of Technology (KTU seeks to gain the status of a sustainable university, therefore, in addition to already common ranges of sustainable management of waste, efficient consumption of water and energy, the importance of the transport sector impact on sustainability is continuously increasing. Based on the mentioned above and analyzing good practices of other EU universities, an attempt to develop sustainable mobility system platform for KTU has been made.Evaluation is done on the KTU current situation, safety of traffic, pollution and noise from cars and other aspects. Also, there is a review of communication by public transport, bicycles and on foot. KTU sustainable mobility system, based on other sustainable universities good practices, is provided. The suggested KTU sustainable mobility system focuses on private cars reduction, public transport, car-pooling, car sharing, cycling and encouragement to walking.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.64.2.3155

  13. Urban transportation and land use: executive summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deacon, J.A.; Edwins, S.B.; Harris, R.B.; Leggett, H.M.

    1976-07-01

    This commentary on urban transportation and land use explores the complex relations among activity, movement, and land use. It identifies techniques for coordinated land and transportation development that support goals of increasing transportation efficiency, reducing need for motor-vehicle travel, improving quality of urban life, and maintaining vitality of cities. It addresses such diverse topics as urban form, carpooling, travel disincentives and restraints, walking, zoning, travel behavior, citizen participation, access design, noise, development management, and many others. Confirmed by the analysis were two underlying premises: transportation and land use are quite interrelated physical elements of very complex urban systems with myriad impacts on social, economic, environmental, resource, and other elements; and urban government will continue to be largely responsible for physical development within cities and will be increasingly held accountable for its actions and decisions by a well-informed public. Information is presented for use by local policymakers, citizens, and professionals. Federal and state roles are supportive in nature, providing financial assistance and using their larger resources to develop, assimilate, and disseminate quality information so essential for local decisions. Implementation of current knowledge would make our cities more hospitable, efficient, and stimulating places in which to live, work, socialize, and play.

  14. Local-scale analysis of carbon mitigation strategies: Tompkins County, New York, USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The costs and potential for several carbon mitigation options were analyzed for Tompkins County, NY, within several categories: terrestrial carbon sequestration, local power generation, transportation, and energy end-use efficiency. The total county emissions are about 340 Gg C/year, with current biomass sequestration rates of about 121 Gg C/year. The potential for mitigation with the options examined, assuming full market penetration, amounts to at least 234 Gg C/year (69%), with 100 Gg C/year (29%) at no net cost to the consumer. Effective carbon mitigation strategies for this county based on costs per mg carbon and maximum potential include reforestation of abandoned agricultural lands for terrestrial carbon sequestration, biomass production for residential heating and co-firing in coal power plants, changes in personal behavior related to transportation (e.g., carpooling or using public transportation), installation of numerous residential energy-efficient products and development of local wind power. The principal barriers to the implementation of these approaches are discussed and policies for overcoming these barriers are analyzed

  15. Federal energy conservation programs pursuant to section 381 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163). Annual report to Congress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-02-21

    This report provides an overview of the activities and achievements of the executive branch of the Federal Government in implementing the energy conservation requirements and provisions of section 381 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) of 1975 (Public Law 94-163). The report describes Federal actions to develop procurement policies that promote energy conservation and efficiency, develop a Federal 10-Year Buildings Energy Conservation Plan, develop responsible public education and information programs, encourage energy conservation and energy efficiency, and promote vanpooling and carpooling arrangements. About half of the Nation's energy is used in our homes and automobiles. Another 48 percent is used by State and local governments, business and insutry, in providing needed goods and services. The Federal Government is the Nation's largest energy user, accouting for 2.2 percent of the total national energy used in 1977. This energy is used by nearly 6 million people in more than 400 thousand buildings and in the operation of more than 600 thousand vehicles. While energy conservation and energy efficiency measures alone cannot solve our immediate problems, they are an essential part of our transition to an era of scarce and expensive energy supplies.

  16. Saving oil in a hurry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none

    2005-07-01

    During 2004, oil prices reached levels unprecedented in recent years. Though world oil markets remain adequately supplied, high oil prices do reflect increasingly uncertain conditions. Many IEA member countries and non-member countries alike are looking for ways to improve their capability to handle market volatility and possible supply disruptions in the future. This book aims to provide assistance. It provides a new, quantitative assessment of the potential oil savings and costs of rapid oil demand restraint measures for transport. Some measures may make sense under any circumstances; others are primarily useful in emergency situations. All can be implemented on short notice ? if governments are prepared. The book examines potential approaches for rapid uptake of telecommuting, ?ecodriving?, and car-pooling, among other measures. It also provides methodologies and data that policymakers can use to decide which measures would be best adapted to their national circumstances. This ?tool box? may help countries to complement other measures for coping with supply disruptions, such as use of strategic oil stocks.

  17. Background Predictors and Event-Specific Characteristics of Sexual Aggression Incidents: The Roles of Alcohol and Other Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Kelly Cue; Danube, Cinnamon L; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H

    2015-08-01

    Sexual assault in the United States is an important public health concern. Using prospective longitudinal methods and responses from 217 community men, we examined whether background characteristics predicted subsequent sexual aggression (SA) perpetration during a 3-month follow-up period. We also examined event-specific characteristics of reported SA occurrences. Consistent with predictions, SA perpetration history, aggressive and impulsive personality traits, rape myth attitudes, and alcohol expectancies predicted SA (both non- and alcohol-involved) at follow-up. In addition, alcohol-involved assaults occurred more often with casual (vs. steady) partners but were more likely to involve condom use with casual (vs. steady) partners. Results suggest important avenues for future research and SA prevention efforts. PMID:26048213

  18. SAYING I KNOW YOU – CONVERSATIONAL ANALYSIS ON INTERNET-CHATTING BY DATING COUPLES –

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroaki Chijiiwa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In casual conversations, Japanese people do not refer to their intimacies saying “We are close thismuch.” It is difficult to create special scales for intimacies because the term of “Intimacy” is too abstract andvague. However, don’t Japanese people really scale their intimacies during their conversations? In this study,the researcher aimed to describe strategies of intimacies in Japanese using method of Conversational Analysisonto dating couple’s casual internet chat data and analyzed “how people show their intimacies to opponentthrough the conversations.” For conclusion we can say; Japanese people tend to say “I know you” in indirectway to emphasize the opponent’s “the illusion of transparency”.

  19. What motivates the sexual double standard? More support for male versus female control theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Laurie A; Fetterolf, Janell C; Sanchez, Diana T

    2013-02-01

    The present research uniquely compared male control theory (MCT) versus female control theory (FCT) to illuminate motives for the sexual double standard (SDS), whereby men gain status from engaging in casual sex or having many sexual partners, but women are stigmatized for it. Consistent with MCT, men were more likely than women to endorse the SDS and to give sexual advice in ways that reinforce it-gender differences that were mediated by hostile sexism (HS) and endorsing the SDS, respectively. The data did not support FCT's argument that women are motivated by sexual economics to restrict female sexuality (Baumeister & Twenge, 2002). Both genders discouraged women from having casual sex to protect women from social stigma and rape myths that justify violence against sexual women. In concert, the findings support MCT more than FCT and suggest that sexism, stigma, and rape myths are primary obstacles to sexual equality. PMID:23386660

  20. El prejuicio étnico en el discurso de la prensa. El caso "Mapuchstock"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Eugenia Merino D.

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available A través del análisis crítico del discurso de un texto periodístico se muestra cómo la elite simbólica de nuestro país realiza prácticas discriminatorias hacia los mapuches, lo que se evidencia en el uso de tres estrategias discursivas como son la intertextualidad, la ilusión de la conversación casual para estrechar la brecha entre discurso institucional y lector, y la estrategia de personalización. (The critical discourse analysis of a newspaper text shows how the symbolicelites in Chile perform an underlying discrimination against the "mapuches" by means of its institutional discourse practices. This is shown in its style which makes use of discourse strategies such as intertextuality, the illusion of casual conversation to narrow the gap between institutional discourse and the reader, and the strategy of personalization.

  1. The Rhetoric of the Troubadours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary C. Abraham

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The medieval troubadours were no wandering musicians, casually improvising their songs as they strolled from town to town, but trained artists who lovingly crafted their songs to please and woo their listeners. The art of rhetoric deeply affected the art of the troubadour. First, the art of rhetoric divided composition of a speech into five well-defined parts. The troubadours consciously molded their songs according to these parts. Second, the medieval troubadour theorists then developed a system of genres, adding their own layer to the ancient art of rhetoric. Each genre demanded a specific topic, such as love, and a peculiar approach to that topic. Finally, the art of rhetoric also inspired a close union of the poems and their melodies. The troubadours were no wandering musicians, casually improvising their songs as they strolled from town to town, but trained artists who lovingly crafted their songs to please and woo their listeners.

  2. Friends, porn, and punk: sensation seeking in personal relationships, internet activities, and music preference among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskirch, Robert S; Murphy, Laurel C

    2004-01-01

    One hundred thirty-eight college students completed a questionnaire assessing level of sensation seeking, number of close and casual friends, Internet usage, liking certain styles of music, and genre of music listened to most often. It was found that the number of casual and close friends was positively associated with sensation seeking. Individuals who reported using the Internet to get sex-oriented material, download or play music, play games, and chat/instant message with friends in the previous 24 hours had higher levels of sensation seeking. Liking punk, heavy metal, and reggae music were related to higher levels of sensation seeking. Higher sensation seeking was also associated with spending more time listening to punk music. PMID:15563033

  3. The Development Process of the Semantic Web and Web Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Vanitha

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the semantic web and web ontology. The existing ontology development processes are not catered towards casual web ontology development, a notion analogous to standard web page development. Ontologies have become common on the World-Wide Web[2]. Key features of this process include easy and rapid creation of ontological skeletons, searching and linking to existing ontologies and a natural language-based technique to improve presentation of ontologies[6]. Ontologies, however, vary greatly in size, scope and semantics. They can range from generic upper-level ontologies to domain-specific schemas. The success of the Semantic Web is based on the existance of numerous distributed ontologies, using which users can annotate their data, thereby enabling shared machine readable content. This paper elaborates the stages in a casual ontology development process.

  4. Satisfaction with open sexual agreements in Australian gay men's relationships: the role of perceived discrepancies in benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosking, Warwick

    2013-10-01

    This study investigated whether satisfaction with open sexual agreements in gay men's relationships was associated with perceptions of discrepancies in the benefit experienced from those agreements. Three types of perceived discrepancy between the self and the relationship partner were examined: frequency of casual sex, attractiveness of casual partners, and "overall" benefit. Results from a survey conducted in 2010 of 685 Australian gay men in relationships with open agreements showed that men perceiving discrepancies in benefit, particularly those representing "under-benefit", were less satisfied with their agreement than were men perceiving equal benefit. These results supported hypotheses derived from equity theory and provide insight into factors associated with gay men's satisfaction with open agreements. These findings also have important practical implications. Professionals counselling gay men or couples experiencing low satisfaction with open agreements may consider raising issues of unequal benefit and work with their clients towards achieving equality. PMID:23001498

  5. Cross-cultural differences in the refusal to accept a small gift: the differential influence of reciprocity norms on Asians and North Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Hao; Wan, Fang; Wyer, Robert S

    2011-02-01

    Asians are more likely than North Americans to refuse a small gift that is offered to them by a casual acquaintance. Five experiments confirmed this difference and explored the reasons for its occurrence. Asians, who are inclined to think of themselves in relation to others, are more likely than North Americans to invoke a reciprocity norm in exchanging gifts with casual acquaintances, and they refuse a gift in order to avoid the feeling of indebtedness they would experience if they cannot reciprocate. North Americans, however, who are inclined to think of themselves independently of others, are more likely to base their acceptance of the gift on its attractiveness without considering their obligation to reciprocate. These cultural differences are not evident when the gift is offered by a close friend with whom individuals have a communal relationship. Implications of our findings for miscommunication between members of different cultures are discussed. PMID:21058870

  6. Genome position specific priors for genomic prediction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndum, Rasmus Froberg; Su, Guosheng; Lund, Mogens Sandø;

    2012-01-01

    Background The accuracy of genomic prediction is highly dependent on the size of the reference population. For small populations, including information from other populations could improve this accuracy. The usual strategy is to pool data from different populations; however, this has not proven...... as successful as hoped for with distantly related breeds. BayesRS is a novel approach to share information across populations for genomic predictions. The approach allows information to be captured even where the phase of SNP alleles and casual mutation alleles are reversed across populations, or the actual...... casual mutation is different between the populations but affects the same gene. Proportions of a four-distribution mixture for SNP effects in segments of fixed size along the genome are derived from one population and set as location specific prior proportions of distributions of SNP effects...

  7. Wintertime for Deceptive Advertising?

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Zinman; Eric Zitzewitz

    2012-01-01

    Casual empiricism suggests that deceptive advertising about product quality is prevalent, and several classes of theories explore its causes and consequences. We provide some unusually sharp empirical evidence on the extent, mechanics, and dynamics of deceptive advertising. Ski resorts self-report substantially more natural snowfall on weekends. Resorts that plausibly reap greater benefits from exaggerating do it more. Data on website visits suggests that consumers are appropriately skeptical...

  8. Social Networking Smartphone Applications and Sexual Health Outcomes among Men Who Have Sex with Men

    OpenAIRE

    Lehmiller, Justin J.; Michael Ioerger

    2014-01-01

    Background: Several smartphone applications (apps) designed to help men who have sex with men (MSM) find casual sexual partners have appeared on the market recently. Apps of this nature have the potential to impact sexual health and behavior by providing constant access to a large supply of available partners. In this study, the sexual health history, behavior, and personality of MSM who use these apps was compared to MSM who meet partners in other ways. Methods and findings: A sample of 110 ...

  9. [Secondary amyloidosis (AA-type) due to localized cutaneous vasculitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteve, V; Ribera, L; Ponz, E; Almirall, J; López, T; Martínez Ocaña, J C; Ibeas, J; Rodríguez Jornet, A; Andreu, X; García, M

    2007-01-01

    We report a case of a 49 year old man, diagnosed soon after the outcome of casual proteinuria, of AA-type amyloidosis in relation to small and medium vessel cutaneous vasculitis without systemic involvement. This combination is a rare entity and only two cases of cutaneous hypersensibility vasculitis complicated with AA-type amyloidosis had been reported. We describe the results of the use of several immunosuppressive drugs during four years follow up with temporally total remission of the disease. PMID:18045042

  10. Having on Pineapple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ January 13th, 2007, in CEBU, Philippines, the 12th ASEAN summit- focused attention not only on those Southeast Asian leaders who huddled to tackle burdensome issues of terrorism, free trade, energy security, human rights, but also on a kind of traditional Filipino formal shirt called "barong", an extremely thin hand-woven attire --made from banana and pineapple fiber that provided relief in the tropical heat and lent a casual air to the meetings before its opening.

  11. Clinical case of exudative pleuritis in stallion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A casual exudative pleuritis in 2 years old stallion, Holsteiner breed, has been outlined. The disease is extremely rare in this country. Comprehensive examinations have been made during the period of hospitalization: daily clinical examinations, double renthgenography; regular haematological and biochemical tests; microbiological culture tests with an antibioticogram; laboratory tests of punctate and periodical ultrasound tests. The examinations and tests have been carried out at the Internal Noncontagious Disease Clinic at the Veterinary Faculty of the Thracian University in Stara Zagora

  12. The Causality Relation Between Consumer Confidence and Stock Prices: Case of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Topuz, Yusuf Volkan

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the causality relation between consumer confidence and stock price is discussed. This study is based on the assumption of potential bi-directional casuality which is from stock prices towards consumer confidence as there might also be causality from consumer confidence towards stock prices. To this end, in this study the causality relation between consumer confidence index and ISE-100 index during the terms of 2004:01-2009:01 is examined by using Granger Causality test. One-dir...

  13. Contributo alla conoscenza della biologia delle infestanti delle colture della Sardegna nord-occidentale: 1. censimento delle specie esotiche della Sardegna

    OpenAIRE

    Viegi, Lucia

    1993-01-01

    Examining literature references and analysing all the specimens preserved in the main herbaria of Sardinia and Tuscany, at present 184 aliens are to be listed in this region, 29 of them as naturalised, 16 as casuals, 8 as uncertain and 131 as escaped from cultivation. According with previous papers, a card for each species, with reference to specific name, origin, ecology, distribution in Italy and in Sardinia provinces is provided. A particular attention is ma de at weeds - that are 55...

  14. Comparative study of closely related \\kur{Asteraceae} species with different invasive status

    OpenAIRE

    ŠAFARČÍKOVÁ, Simona

    2008-01-01

    Complex of 4 closely related Asteraceae species with different invasive status (native Bidens tripartita, casual aliens Cosmos bipinnatus, Coreopis tinctoria and invasive alien Bidens frondosa) was studied to clarify the invasive success of Bidens frondosa and to assess the invasive potential of both unsuccessful aliens. Among studied characteristics were included: reproductive traits (germination in different regimes, seed viability and seed production), growth characteristics (relative grow...

  15. Globalization Measurement: Notes on Common Globalization Indexes

    OpenAIRE

    SAMIMI, Parisa; Guan Choo LIM; Abdul Aziz BUANG

    2011-01-01

    Globalization is a broad concept casually used to describe a variety of phenomena that reflect increased economic, social and political interdependence of countries. Despite the increasing awareness on globalization, it is interesting to note that there is no any universally accepted definition and there is no standard measurement for globalization. Along with the growing number of countries participating in globalized world, there have been increasing concerns related to the globalization an...

  16. Risk Factors Associated with Early Adolescent Sexual Values and Behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Macbeth, David

    1996-01-01

    adolescent sexual activity and subsequent pregnancy are ii an increasing dilemma facing American society . There appears to be an increase in the incidence of casual sexual activity among adolescents that leads to over 50% of students between grades 9 and 12 having been involved in sexual intercourse. This study examines changes in adolescent sexual attitudes, behaviors, and values in a select population over a 2-year time span. A survey of 548 families with adolescents was used to determine ...

  17. The Marketing Strategy Suggestions for Yishion in Jing County

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Haifeng

    2012-01-01

    Yishion in Jing County is a casual apparel franchise store with the fierce competition in clothing marketing in Jing County, a suitable marketing strategy plan for them is enssential. The objective of this thesis was to improve the marketing performance of Yishion in Jing County through given suggestions about building a strong brand and developing marketing strategy according to analysis of competition environment and real marketing situation of Yishion in Jing County. Both quantitative...

  18. Is acute recurrent pancreatitis a chronic disease?

    OpenAIRE

    Mariani, Alberto; Testoni, Pier Alberto

    2008-01-01

    Whether acute recurrent pancreatitis is a chronic disease is still debated and a consensus is not still reached as demonstrated by differences in the classification of acute recurrent pancreatitis. There is major evidence for considering alcoholic pancreatitis as a chronic disease ab initio while chronic pancreatitis lesions detectable in biliary acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) seem a casual association. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutation, hereditary a...

  19. Pengaruh Modal Kerja dan Investasi Aktiva Tetap Terhadap Profitabilitas Pada Perusahaan Food and Beverage yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Simamora, Andry

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to empirically study the effect of Working Capital and Fixed Asset investment on Operating Profit Margin (OPM). This research is classified as casual research and replication of former researches. Population of this research are food and beverage on BEI during the period of 2007 to 2010. The samples are obtained by using purposive sampling method. As the result, from 16 food and beverage, 16 are used as the samples of this study. The statistic method be...

  20. Pengaruh Modal Kerja Dan Investasi Aktiva Tetap Terhadap Profitabilitas Pada Perusahaan Grosir Dan Eceran Yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Aswin

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to empirically study the effect of Working Capital and Fixed Asset investment on Operating Profit Margin (OPM). This research is classified as casual research and replication of former researches. Population of this research are Wholesale and Retail on BEI during the period of 2008 to 2011. The samples are obtained by using purposive sampling method. As the result, from 16 food and beverage, 16 are used as the samples of this study. The statistic method...

  1. Inhibition of protein kinase C intracerebroventricularly attenuates sensitization

    OpenAIRE

    Mrowczynski, Oliver Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Drug relapse, mediated by drug-associated memories, is a major problem associated with addiction. Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of protein kinase enzymes that has been implicated in learning and memory with regards to addiction. This study used a PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine (10nmol), to investigate the effects of blocking PKC throughout the brain on addiction related memories. Cocaine (15mg/kg) induced locomotor sensitization, used to model the transition from casual to compulsive use, ...

  2. Occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, M S

    1985-01-01

    Human occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with varying chlorine content has been reported by several investigators, using analyses of blood or adipose samples or skin wipes to evaluate levels in the body. The intensity of occupational exposure is related to both duration and intensity of exposure. The qualitative nature of occupational exposure, as well as casual environmental exposure, has been shown to consist of less readily metabolized PCB congeners. The pattern of P...

  3. Jak2 Inhibitors are the solution for Myelo Proliferative Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Siva jyothi Bugganaa; Safuara Ayesha mujeeb; Priyanka kuthadi; Swetha Padigela

    2014-01-01

    The recent discovery of JAK2 –activating mutations as a casual event in the majority of patients with Philadelphia chromosome negative (ph-)myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) prompted many pharmaceutical companies to develop JAK2- selective inhibitors for the treatment of MPD’S . JAK2 inhibitors effectively reduce JAK2 driver phosphorylation of signal-transducer and activator of transcription 5,and cell proliferation and cell survival in JAK 2 activated cells in vitro and invivo. The results...

  4. Failure diagnostic expert systems for fast reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of SYSTEME EXPERT is to permit diagnostics of one (or more) casual failure of the ''ultimate resort cooling'' (RUR) (including monitoring or control sensor failures) from data given (or not) by the various sensors or by the classical alarm systems. It comprises the following modules: an interface (in French) for information acquisition with possible suppression of the rules, a demonstrator of SL-resolution type, a data incoherence test an inverse interface for listing the collections

  5. Regulation, trust, and cronyism in Middle Eastern societies: The simple economics of 'wasta'

    OpenAIRE

    Barnett, Andy; Yandle, Bruce; George S. Naufal

    2013-01-01

    Despite being a fixture of everyday life in the Arab world, wasta, which may be thought of as special influence by members of the same group or tribe, has received little attention from social scientists. Our casual empiricism suggests that wasta is an important determinant of how economic activities are organized and resources are allocated in Middle Eastern societies, yet economists, even those who specialize in work related to the Middle East, have not addressed the issue of wasta. With th...

  6. Bioodpady ze zpracování ovoce a zeleniny

    OpenAIRE

    Chadimová, Zuzana

    2012-01-01

    Summary My thesis deal with problems of biodegradable waste which originate from fruit and vegetable treatment, especially possibilities of using it to keep world wide priority like sustainable development. I decided to choose this topic due to relation with casual life. We all produce biological waste. How we dispose with biological waste at home is reflected in decisions at companies. The problems with specific and seemingly safe biodegradable waste come with necessity of handling ...

  7. Tactile Stimulation and Consumer Response.

    OpenAIRE

    Hornik, Jacob

    1992-01-01

    Tactile behavior is a basic communication form as well as an expression of interpersonal involvement. This article presents three studies offering evidence for the positive role of casual interpersonal touch on consumer behavior. More specifically, it provides initial support for the view that tactile stimulation in various consumer behavior situations enhances the positive feeling for and evaluation of both the external stimuli and the touching source. Further, customers touched by a request...

  8. Comparing multi-criteria methods for landslide susceptibility mapping in Chania Prefecture, Crete Island, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Kouli, M; C. Loupasakis; P. Soupios; D. Rozos; Vallianatos, F.

    2013-01-01

    In this work, two multi-criteria methods, an expert-based, semi-quantitative, relative weighting – rating approach, the weighted linear combination (WLC) and a quantitative, statistical method, the weights of evidence (WoE) approach were applied for landslide susceptibility zonation mapping in the Chania Prefecture of Crete Island, Greece. Several thematic maps representing various landslide casual factors, such as geological formations, faults proximity, elevation, slope gr...

  9. Activité féminine et structures familiales. Quelle dépendance ?

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques Véron

    1988-01-01

    Véron Jacques.? Women's Employment and Family Structure. What are the Relationships ? Studies of women's labour force participation rates by family status and of the lower fertility of employed women, as well as a recognition that the sharply rising number of employed women has been accompanied by changes in family structure, suggest that there is a casual relationship between women's labour market behaviour and their attitudes to marriage and the family. However, this conclusion can be shown...

  10. Create Your Very Own SOP Story! Communicate Your Attributes, Values and Contributions in a Clear, Concise and Inviting Manner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Andrews-Jotham

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available "Tell me about yourself." When we are asked that question, whether in casual conversation or in a more formal setting such as a job interview, how well do we capture our true selves in our answer? How often do we really think about who we are, what we believe in and how we want to communicate our values, vision and goals to another person in just a few sentences? This article discusses how to create a Statement of Purpose.

  11. The Collaborative Image of The City: Mapping the Inequality of Urban Perception

    OpenAIRE

    Philip Salesses; Katja Schechtner; Hidalgo, César A.

    2013-01-01

    A traveler visiting Rio, Manila or Caracas does not need a report to learn that these cities are unequal; she can see it directly from the taxicab window. This is because in most cities inequality is conspicuous, but also, because cities express different forms of inequality that are evident to casual observers. Cities are highly heterogeneous and often unequal with respect to the income of their residents, but also with respect to the cleanliness of their neighborhoods, the beauty of their a...

  12. Precarious, informalizing, and flexible work: transforming concepts and new understandings

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, D.; Bongiovi, J.R.

    2013-01-01

    There is a considerable body of academic and activist research that studies the prevalence of precariousness in contemporary societies. It goes by many names that are often interchangeable, including precarious work, precarity, informalization, and casualization. These are typically rooted in emerging theories of labor and work that temporally correspond to the globalization of production, distribution, and consumption in the neoliberal era. This article examines new ways of looking at the gl...

  13. Catroid: A Mobile Visual Programming System for Children

    CERN Document Server

    Slany, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Catroid is a free and open source visual programming language, programming environment, image manipulation program, and website. Catroid allows casual and first-time users starting from age eight to develop their own animations and games solely using their Android phones or tablets. Catroid also allows to wirelessly control external hardware such as Lego Mindstorms robots via Bluetooth, Bluetooth Arduino boards, as well as Parrot's popular and inexpensive AR.Drone quadcopters via WiFi.

  14. Comparison of Executive Function in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Patients With Good Insight, Poor Insight and Healthy People

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Toobaei; Mohamad Reza Shairi; Giti Shams; Gholamhosein Ghaedi

    2015-01-01

    Background: This research seeks to make a comparison between executive functions of the obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, with poor and high insight levels and normal people. Patients and Methods: In this casual comparative study, 22 OCD patients with high insight level, 5 OCD patients with poor insight level (based on YBOCS’ 11th item score) and 23 normal subjects were selected using convenience sampling technique. The subjects were evaluated using two groups of clinical and n...

  15. FEATURES OF ETIOLOGIC SPECTRUM OF ALERGIC RINITY FOR CHILDREN DEPENDING ON SEX AND AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asheulov OM

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergy testings of children suffering from alergic rinity. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according to which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it is possible to define causally significant allergen.

  16. DEFINITION OF THE ETIOLOGIC SPECTRUM OF ACUTE ALLERGOSIS, URTICARIA IN CHILDREN, ACCORDING TO AGE AND SEX USING NOMOGRAPHIC METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shmulich V.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergytestings of 186 children suffering from acute allergy, urticaria. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according toAnnals of which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it`s defined causally significant allergen.

  17. Gates, Hired Guns and Mistrust - Business Unusual : The Cost of Crime and Violence to Businesses in Papua New Guinea

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhani, Sadaf; Alys M. Willman

    2014-01-01

    High levels of crime and violence are widely viewed as a critical constraint to development in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The most casual discussion on the topic inevitably elicits stories of personal experiences of victimization, or those of friends or family. Reports of violent incidents appear in the media on a daily basis. Despite 10 years of strong economic growth, with an increase in GD...

  18. Designer Brings Cultural Awareness to Fashion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangFeng

    2003-01-01

    The appointment was delayed. I didn't want to disturb Hu Xiaodan when I saw he was so busy with his work. Sporting a crew cut and lightweight casual clothes, he looked more like a university professor than the """"the pride of Chinese fashion designers"""". It was hard to picture him as the cenfroversial figure in the circle of fashion design, and he spoke with quiet conviction about his dedication to """"borrowing"""" ideas from the Chinese culture.

  19. Riding on Tyvek(R)—A Case Study about How a New Material Invented by Western Multinational Company Enters China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li

    2002-01-01

    This paper is a case study about how a new product developed by Western multinational company enters new market- the Mainland China. In this study, a new fabric- DuPont's hi-technical Tyvek PU Coating, is fashionized and developed into a new fashionable and functional casual- rainwear, using the approach of new product development method (idea generation;screening; business analysis; development; evaluation and testing; commercialization).

  20. Thinking about U.S.-China Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert; S.Ross

    2014-01-01

    <正>Observers have long expected that the rise of China would challenge U.S.-China cooperation and regional stability.The typical assertion is that"power transitions"cause war.This is an overly-simplistic casual statement.The cause of war cannot be reduced to a single mechanical variable.But equally important,the rise of Chinese capabilities and the associated

  1. EU enlargement and immigration

    OpenAIRE

    Kraus, Margit; Schwager, Robert

    2000-01-01

    This paper assesses the consequences of EU enlargement for East West migration. In the theoretical part, we identify several factors in addition to the reduction of moving costs by which EU membership influences migration. Specifically, EU accession affects income gaps. Moreover, if EU membership is refused, fear of future restrictions on immigration will lead to increased current migration. Additionally, casual evidence from the 1980s EU South enlargement is examined. Since then no increases...

  2. HOW EDUCATION AND TRAINING SKILLS AFFECT THE ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    Ajay M. Bhamare

    2015-01-01

    Instruction, professional preparing and long lasting learning are focal mainstays of employability, occupation of laborers and maintainable undertaking improvement inside the Decent Work Agenda, and in this way add to attaining to the Millennium Development Goals to decrease neediness. Abilities improvement is enter in empowering a manageable advancement prepare and can make a commitment to encouraging the move from the casual to the formal economy

  3. Pharmacogenetics : the science of predictive clinical pharmacology

    OpenAIRE

    Fenech, Anthony G; Grech, Godfrey

    2014-01-01

    The study of pharmacogenetics has expanded from what were initially casual family-based clinical drug response observations, to a fully-fledged science with direct therapeutic applications, all within a time-span of less than 60 years. A wide spectrum of polymorphisms, located within several genes, are now recognised to influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the majority of drugs within our therapeutic armamentarium. This information forms the basis for the new development of ...

  4. Solitary pulmonary nodule: medical approach and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Montes-Farah Juan Manuel; Ojeda-Rodríguez Kelman Hanael; Segovia-Fuentes Javier Ignacio; Henao-Castrillón Julio César

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: the detection of the solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is usually casual.Benign injuries must be differentiated from malignant injuries to establish the adequatemedical monitoring and therapeutic interventions.Objective: to check the current condition of the diagnosis and treatment of SPN.Methods: databases PubMed, Science Direct, OvidSP, EBSCOhost and Scielo werereviewed. The search included systematic reviews, meta-analysis, guidelines, consensusand reviews with keywords got fro...

  5. PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR A SPORTS PERSON: A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Kumudlata Singh; Sandeep Sharma

    2015-01-01

    Sports is all forms of usually competitive physical activity which, through casual or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing entertainment to participants, and in some cases, spectators. Sport participation can contribute to the development of social skills and self esteem, emotional well-being, social connectedness, and lead to a reduction in stress and improved mental health (Steptoe & Butler, 1996; Bailey, 2006; Asztalos e...

  6. Non-Standard 'Contingent' Employment and Job Satisfaction: A Panel Data Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Buddelmeyer, Hielke; McVicar, Duncan; Wooden, Mark

    2013-01-01

    It is widely assumed that contingent forms of employment, such as fixed-term contracts, labour-hire and casual employment, are associated with low quality jobs. This hypothesis is tested using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, a nationally representative household panel survey covering a country with a high incidence of non-standard employment. Ordered logit regression models of job satisfaction are estimated that hold constant all time-invariant...

  7. Transcriptional Profile of Ki-Ras-Induced Transformation of Thyroid Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Visconti, Roberta; Federico, Antonella; Coppola, Valeria;

    2007-01-01

    Abstract In the last years, an increasing number of experiments has provided compelling evidence for a casual role of Ras protein mutations, resulting in their constitutive activation, in thyroid carcinogenesis. However, despite the clear involvement of Ras proteins in thyroid carcinogenesis, the...... in human thyroid carcinoma cell lines and tumor samples, our results, therefore, providing a new molecular profile of the genes involved in thyroid neoplastic transformation....

  8. THE ROLE OF COLLECTIVE IDENTITY AND REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Corredor, German Camilo

    2013-01-01

    This thesis analyses the terms in which collective identity and regional institutions can explain state action towards the unfolding of regionalism in the Andean Community (AC). This analysis develops a constructivist approach that assesses constitutive and casual effects of ideas in order to provide explanations. For the assessment and distinction of these effects, the thesis proposes an interpretive method that consists of focusing on transitive verbs and metaphors denoting causation that s...

  9. Linking Supply Chain Strength and Logistics Performance with Sustainable Development:A Country Level Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, Arjun Ramesh

    2010-01-01

    Globalisation - phenomena has not spared any firm, as it promises higher gain. Since the last decade multinational corporations all over the world are concerned about their operations affecting the environment, local social life and also exhaustion of natural resources. Hence countries are more concerned about sustainable development. Sustainable development is defined on two aspects: natural environment and social equity. A study based on casual observation conducted (Hamprecht et.al 2005) ...

  10. The Effects of Utilitarian and Hedonic Values on Young Consumers’ Satisfaction and Behavioral Intentions

    OpenAIRE

    Umit BASARAN; Ozan BUYUKYILMAZ

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the effects of utilitarian and hedonic values on young consumers’ satisfaction and behavioral intentions in fast-food and fast-casual restaurant sectors comparatively. Also this study investigates which value component (utilitarian or hedonic) is more effective on satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The results show that utilitarian and hedonic values have significant effects on satisfaction and behavioral intentions for both fast-food and fas...

  11. A NEW CONCEPT OF MODELING NEEDS OF THE POPULATION IN THE LABOR MOVEMENT BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. F. Ghorbachov

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, with the purpose of accounting a casual character of distribution of capacities of transport areas on labor movements in a matrix of correspondences, the interval concept of modeling the population needs in movements has been suggested when for transport calculations one uses not one variant of a matrix but borders of an interval of its possible values at the set area capacities.

  12. CURBSIDE CONSULTATION IN FRACTURE MANAGEMENT: 49 CLINICAL QUESTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Virkus, Walter W.

    2008-01-01

    DESCRIPTION: A user-friendly, unique resource for the treatment of fractures designed in a casual questions and answers format which provides basic knowledge, current information and evidence based expert advices enhanced by images and diagrams and supported by ref-erences.PURPOSE: Designing this book the editor has aimed to prepare not only a source of current knowledge and opin-ions by experienced authors in fracture management for decision making in daily practice but also a brief refer-en...

  13. Attempted eradication of Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus in the Florida Everglades

    OpenAIRE

    Dave EGGEMAN; Marsha WARD; Ellen DONLAN; Scott HARDIN

    2011-01-01

    Porphyrio porphyrio (Fulica porphyrio Linnaeus) was reported to the South Florida Water Management District in a Water Conservation Area and in constructed wetlands in the Everglades in 2006. A rapid assessment, including casual observations and surveys of land managers, indicated a limited number of P. porphyrio (~300 birds) was present, and an eradication attempt was initiated. From 2006 – 2008, more than 3100 P. porphyrio were killed by shotgun from airboats during 73 hunts, suggesting the...

  14. A Vocabulary Analysis of the Restaurant Menus

    OpenAIRE

    MIHUT Silvia

    2010-01-01

    The present paper explores the genre of restaurant menus by analyzing existing online lists of breakfast, lunch and dinner options. It shows that a menu is a reflection of the restaurant itself and its vocabulary, whether formal, casual or playful, matches the restaurant concept, location or theme. In addition to providing the food and drink items, menus can also be used to offer other information to the customers. The restaurant menu vocabulary describes the owner/chef's philosophy about foo...

  15. Investigation on Restaurant Layout Design

    OpenAIRE

    Malekshahi, Armita

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Expanding the wind mind of pleasure, comfort is court at its edge. Therefore, a successful implemented layout design could be a breaking point. For a restaurant to accommodate both the customers and associates, the layout design should be given a topmost priority. Layout design for any restaurant makes accomplishment of task efficient for both front and back of the house. Categorically, there are five types of restaurants which can be differentiated as Casual dining, family style, ...

  16. Are flexible contracts bad for workers? Evidence from job satisfaction data

    OpenAIRE

    Green, C.; J S Heywood

    2007-01-01

    If workers can choose between permanent and flexible contracts, compensating wage differentials should arise to equalize on-the-job utility in the two types of contracts. Estimating job satisfaction using the British Household Panel Survey shows that agency and casual contracts are associated with routinely lower satisfaction. This results because the low job satisfaction associated with less job security is not offset by higher compensation or other job characteristics. Job security is suffi...

  17. Pengaruh Investasi, Earning Per Share (EPS) dan Dividend Per Share (DPS) Terhadap Harga Saham Perusahaan Asuransi yang Terdaftar Di BEI Tahun 2010-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Sembiring, Yogi Pratama

    2015-01-01

    This research aim is to analyse the effect of ivestment, earning per share, and dividend per share to stock price of insurance companies listed on IDX period 2010-2013. This is a casual research with number of samples of 10 companies. Data analysis method used is multiple regression analysis. Research shows that simultaneously, investment, earning per share, and dividend per share are affecting positively and significantly to stock price. Partially, only earning per share is affecting positiv...

  18. COMPETIÇÃO DE CULTIVARES DE MILHO EM ESPAÇAMENTO REDUZIDO NO AMBIENTE SAFRINHA DO OESTE PAULISTA

    OpenAIRE

    José Salvador Simoneti Foloni; Diego Henriques Santos; Rodrigo Briancini

    2008-01-01

    The genetic diversity existent in the culture of the corn allows your cultivation in various ambient. The objective of this study was to evaluate, comparatively, twenty corn cultivars hybrid, with 0,45 m spacing. The experimental designer was casual entirely, with four repetitions. The corn cultivation in the ambient safrinha (fall cropping) in the west from São Paulo, Brazil, characterized by the high shortage of rains in the autumnwinter period, it presented satisfactory productivities in t...

  19. Special Issue on Innovation through Open Data: A Review of the State-of-the-Art and an Emerging Research Agenda: Guest Editors’ Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Zuiderwijk, A.M.G.; Helbig, N.; Gil-García, J.R.; Janssen, M.F.W.H.A.

    2014-01-01

    For decades good governance scholarship has focused attention on the importance of government openness [26], [34]. Since the 1960s, Freedom of Information (FOI) legislation has formed the backbone of institutional support for opening information and documents [76] and participatory processes [4], [79]. However, FOI represents a passive approach to releasing information. Persons or organizations must still request the information they want, referred to casually, as freedom of information reque...

  20. Gene Co-expression Analysis to Characterize Genes Related to Marbling Trait in Hanwoo (Korean) Cattle

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Dajeong; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Kim, Nam-Kuk; Cho, Yong-Min; Chai, Han-Ha; Seong, Hwan-Hoo; Kim, Heebal

    2013-01-01

    Marbling (intramuscular fat) is an important trait that affects meat quality and is a casual factor determining the price of beef in the Korean beef market. It is a complex trait and has many biological pathways related to muscle and fat. There is a need to identify functional modules or genes related to marbling traits and investigate their relationships through a weighted gene co-expression network analysis based on the system level. Therefore, we investigated the co-expression relationship...

  1. Sexuality in old age: taboos and reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano da Silva Rozendo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Stereotypes of an asexual old age remain in the social imaginary. This work is based on quantitative and qualitative data of a research focused to analyze the way sexuality have been portrayed and experienced in old age. 32 seniors aged between 60 and 75 years were interviewed. Topics as homoaffectivity and casual sex still untouchable in old age. Even being a taboo, sexuality still being experienced by most of the elderlies.  

  2. Strategic Management of R& D Pipelines with Cospecialized Investments and Technology Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Tat Chan; Jack A. Nickerson; Hideo Owan

    2007-01-01

    The theoretical literature on managing R& D pipelines is largely based on real option theory making decisions about undertaking, continuing, or terminating projects. The theory typically assumes that each project or causally related set of projects is independent. However, casual observation suggests that firms expend much effort on managing and balancing their R& D pipelines, where managing appears to be related to the choice of R& D selection thresholds, project risk, and whether to buy or ...

  3. The iron crafts of the Swahili from the perspective of historical semantics

    OpenAIRE

    Klein-Arendt, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    To this day research in pre-colonial Swahili history has only taken casual notice of the role of Swahili crafts. This applies in particular to blacksmithing and iron smelting. Probably iron smelting were among the driving factors of cultural contact and of the development of economical structures on the Swahili Coast. Kusimba postulates that metallurgy played an important role for cultural change within Swahili polities. Foreign trade in iron products to other parts of the Indian Ocean fos...

  4. The effects of option hedging on the costs of domestic price stabilization schemes

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Donald F.; Coleman, Jonathan

    1991-01-01

    Casual observation leads to the conclusion that stabilization funds tend to be short-lived. While it may be that some funds have failed due to poor management or unwarranted political interventions, the stochastic components of commodity prices can generate insurmountable difficulties for even the most expert managers. Price-band schemes contain an element of information feed-back and offer transparent rules -- attributes which make such schemes preferable to many alternative mechanisms -- bu...

  5. The hydration state of human red blood cells and their susceptibility to invasion by Plasmodium falciparum

    OpenAIRE

    Tiffert, Teresa; Lew, Virgilio L; Ginsburg, Hagai; Krugliak, Miriam; Croisille, Laure; Mohandas, Narla

    2005-01-01

    In most inherited red blood cell (RBC) disorders with high gene frequencies in malaria-endemic regions, the distribution of RBC hydration states is much wider than normal. The relationship between the hydration state of circulating RBCs and protection against severe falciparum malaria remains unexplored. The present investigation was prompted by a casual observation suggesting that falciparum merozoites were unable to invade isotonically dehydrated normal RBCs. We designed an experimental mod...

  6. Is There Life on Adult FriendFinder? Sex and Logic with the Happy Dictator

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Katrien

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates web users and their sexual behaviors and pornographic self-representations as observed on the sex and dating site http://www.adultfrienfinder.com. The website is a social network and encourages members to find real-life partners for sex whether it be casual sex affairs between singles, swinging couples, or polyamorous extra-marital affairs between “aba” (“attached but available”) individuals and their lovers. The analysis is based on theories of ethnography and social ...

  7. The Cosmology of Edgar Allan Poe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappi, Alberto

    2011-06-01

    Eureka is a ``prose poem'' published in 1848, where Edgar Allan Poe presents his original cosmology. While starting from metaphysical assumptions, Poe develops an evolving Newtonian model of the Universe which has many and non casual analogies with modern cosmology. Poe was well informed about astronomical and physical discoveries, and he was influenced by both contemporary science and ancient ideas. For these reasons, Eureka is a unique synthesis of metaphysics, art and science.

  8. INNOVATIONS OF “E-TEACHING TIES” ON LEARNER PERFORMANCE AND FACULTY DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Koichi Nakajima

    2013-01-01

    In Japan we face the serious problem of students’ declined learning performance and lack of intellectual motivation. Many universities have heavily invested in Information Technology (IT) such as e-Learning, e-Portfolio, mobile learning, social media, and cloud computing to motivate students and engage in more proactive learning. However, casual observation suggests that the use of IT remains limited and that its effect seems mixed as a solution to the problems. One of the reasons for its lac...

  9. Gender moderates the relationship between impulsivity and sexual risk-taking in a cocaine-using psychiatric outpatient population

    OpenAIRE

    Black, Anne C.; McMahon, Thomas J.; Potenza, Marc N.; Fiellin, Lynn E.; Rosen, Marc I.

    2014-01-01

    Adults who abuse substances are at increased risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Within this population, sexual risk behaviors have been associated with increased impulsivity. Studies in non-clinical populations showing gender-related differences in sexual decision-making and casual sexual partnering suggest impulsivity has a greater influence on men than women, but these differences have not been documented in substance-using patients. In a sample of 89 adult...

  10. Corporate culture and shareholder value in banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Carretta, Alessandro; Farina, Vincenzo; Fiordelisi, Franco; Schwizer, Paola

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyses the casual relationship between corporate culture and shareholder value using a sample of large banks in the French, German, Italian and U.K. banking systems over the 2000 to 2003 period. Firstly, we measure shareholder value using an Economic Value Added estimated through a procedure tailored to account for banking peculiarities. Secondly, we measure corporate culture using language as its particular artifact and developing a cultural survey based on the application of a ...

  11. Strict anatomical co existence and colocalization of vitiligo and psoriasis – a rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neerja Puri

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The coexistence of psoriasis and vitiligo is rare. We describe a case report of a 58 year old female patient who developed typical psoraiatic plaques covering completely or partly the vitiliginous areas of her skin. Her psoriasis was strictly limited to the vitiliginous patches with no involvement of the normal skin. Strict anatomical coexistence of both diseases is extremely rare and suggests a casual mechanism, possibly due to a koebner phenomenon but genetic and environmental factors may also be involved.

  12. Motivational brief intervention for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections in travelers: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berdoz Didier

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexually transmitted infections (STIs are among the frequent risks encountered by travelers. Efficient interventions are needed to improve the understanding of the risks of STIs. We investigated the potential benefits of a motivational brief intervention (BI and the provision of condoms on the engagement in unprotected casual sex. Methods 3-arm randomized controlled trial performed among single travelers aged 18-44 years visiting a travel clinic in Switzerland. The main outcomes were the prevalence of casual unprotected sexual intercourse and their predictors. Results 5148 eligible travelers were seen from 2006 to 2008. 1681 agreed to participate and 1115 subjects (66% completed the study. 184/1115 (17% had a casual sexual relationship abroad and overall 46/1115 (4.1% had inconsistently protected sexual relations. Women (adjusted OR 2.7 [95%CI 1.4-5.6] and travelers with a history of past STI (adjusted OR 2.8 [95%CI 1.1-7.4] had more frequent casual sexual relationships without consistent protection. Regarding the effect of our intervention, the prevalence of subjects using condoms inconsistently was 28% (95%CI16-40 in the motivational BI group, 24% (95%CI10-37 in the condoms group and 24% (95%CI14-33 in the control group (p = 0.7. Conclusion This study showed that a motivational brief intervention and/or the provision of free condoms did not modify risky sexual behavior of young travelers. The rate of inconsistently protected sexual relationships during travel was however lower than expected Trial Registration Number ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01056536

  13. THE ROLE OF INSURANCE COMPANIES IN ALBANIAN ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    FILLORETA MADANI; EVELINA BAZINI

    2013-01-01

    Insurance plays an important role in the financial sector but while there is many research on the casual relationship bank lending and economic growth is often ignored relationship insurance and economic growth. Among financial intermediaries, insurance companies play an important role in carrying out the functions of the financial system. They play an important role through risk management for companies and individuals. Through the issue of insurance policies they collect funds and transfer ...

  14. Plantation livelihoods in central Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thulstrup, Andreas Waaben

    2014-01-01

    Social vulnerability to disturbances is influenced by the economic and political context in which actors and institutions both enable and constrain household access to productive resources. These resources are crucial as a means for mitigating, coping, and responding to impacts of natural disturb...... on short-term insecure income from casual labour. A growing concentration of landholdings, coupled with a commune economy based on monoculture plantations, threatens resilience and potentially could constrain future government development interventions....

  15. Academic freedom and the commercialisation of the universities: a critical ethical analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lynch, Kathleen; Ivancheva, Mariya P.

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the cultural and organisational dimensions of academic life that lay the foundations for academic freedom. We briefly review the relationship between university autonomy and academic freedom, the relationship between ethics and freedom and the impact of increased commercialisation on scholarly independence, particularly how the increasing casualization of employment limits the freedom of academics to teach critically and publish freely. We examine the geopolitics of knowle...

  16. Hired Hands: Casualised Technology and Labour in the Teaching of Cultural Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Kieryn McKay; Kylie Brass

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the uptake and application of podcasting in a particular higher education context, drawing on the the authors' experience in late 2008 when both were employed as casual tutors on large-scale first-year communications and cultural studies courses at the University of Western Sydney. The article maps out the limits of technological innovation within the teaching of cultural studies, as well as its limits in promoting the radical potential of a cultural studies approach. It...

  17. Use of vermicompost as a substrate for the production of Eucalyptus grandis and Corymbia citriodora seedlings Utilização de vermicomposto como substrato na produção de mudas de Eucalyptus grandis e Corymbia citriodora

    OpenAIRE

    Gerusa Pauli Kist Steffen; Zaida Inês Antoniolli; Ricardo Bemfica Steffen; Gustavo Schiedeck

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the vermicompost efficiency in the seedlings of two eucalyptus species production. The experiment was developed in greenhouse conditions, substrate constituted by different vermicompost proportions and peat for the E. grandis and C. citriodora seedling production. The experimental design was entirely casualized with seven treatments and eight repetitions. After 100 days of experiment were evaluated: seedli...

  18. A study on the relationship between emotional intelligence, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Saman Chehrazi; Mehrdad Hoseini Shakib; Mohammad Hosein Askari Azad

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a casual structure model between emotional intelligence and organizational citizenship behavior by using organizational commitment as mediator variable. The study is accomplished among 324 employees of united bus company in city of Tehran, Iran. Using structural equation modeling, the study has confirmed that emotional intelligence influenced on organizational citizenship behavior and commitment. The study also confirms that organizational commitment influenced on organiza...

  19. 编辑推荐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    摩卡站 With the success of their two restaurants, Mosto and Modo Urban Deli, chef Daniel Urdaneta, from Venezuela, and co- owner Alex Molina, from Columbia, are now embarking on a new concept for their cuisine empire. Moka Bros opened last month in Nali Patio, Sanlitun, and the partners' concept is for the eatery to be a casual spot tbr urban diners to relax and have access to clean, healthy and affordable food.

  20. Clinical implication of blood glucose monitoring in general dental offices: the Ehime Dental Diabetes Study

    OpenAIRE

    Harase, Tadahiro; Nishida, Wataru; Hamakawa, Tomohiro; Hino, Satoshi; Shigematsu, Kenji; Kobayashi, Satoru; Sako, Hirofumi; Ito, Shirou; Murakami, Hajime; Nishida, Kei; Inoue, Hiroshi; Fujisawa, Masahito; Yoshizu, Hiroshi; Kawamura, Ryoichi; Takata, Yasunori

    2015-01-01

    Objective We examined whether general dentists can contribute to the detection of patients with undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes by monitoring blood glucose in dental clinics. Research design and methods A total of 716 patients who visited clinics for dental treatment were enrolled and classified into 3 groups (mild, moderate, and severe) according to Kornman's criteria for periodontitis. The correlations between the casual blood glucose level, presence or absence of the history of diabet...

  1. “I’m Your Number One Fan”— A Clinical Look at Celebrity Worship

    OpenAIRE

    Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

    2014-01-01

    Celebrity worship—is it more than just being a casual fan? To explore this question, a number of scales have been developed to assess celebrity adulation. The most prevalent scale of this type in the literature is the Celebrity Attitudes Scale. Using these types of scales, investigators have examined various college-student and community samples. Findings reveal that individuals with high scores on celebrity-worship scales tend to display a number of psychosocial characteristics. For example,...

  2. How to be causal

    CERN Document Server

    Kinsler, Paul

    2011-01-01

    I explain a simple definition of causality in widespread use, and indicate how it links to the Kramers Kronig relations. The specification of causality in terms of temporal differential eqations then shows us the way to write down dynamical models so that their causal nature in the sense used here should be obvious to all. In particular, I apply this reasoning to Maxwell's equations, which is an instructive example since their casual properties are sometimes debated.

  3. Risk factors of breast cancer in Mexican women Factores de riesco de cáncer de mama en mujeres mexicanas

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Laura Calderón-Garcidueñas; Franklin Uriel Parás-Barrientos; Lilia Cárdenas-Ibarra; Juan Francisco González-Guerrero; Enrique Villarreal-Ríos; Tamara Staines-Boone; Hugo A. Barrera-Saldaña

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between family history (FH) of neoplasia, gyneco-obstetric factors and breast cancer (BC) in a case--control study. In cases, to analyze those variables in relation with early onset of BC, the manner of detection (self-examination, prompted by pain, or casual), the size of tumor, and the elapsed time to seek medical attention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 151 prevalent BC cases and 235 age-matched controls were analyzed by multiple logistic regress...

  4. Relationship Type and Sexual Precedence: Their Associations With Characteristics of Sexual Assault Perpetrators and Incidents

    OpenAIRE

    Wegner, Rhiana; Pierce, Jennifer; Abbey, Antonia

    2014-01-01

    Although most sexual assaults are committed by men who know their victims, few researchers have considered how characteristics of perpetrators and incidents differ depending on the victim–perpetrator relationship. This study addresses this gap with a community sample of 204 men who reported committing a sexually aggressive act in an audio computer-assisted self-interview. 2 (Relationship Type: Committed vs. Casual) × 2 (Sexual Precedence: Yes vs. No) ANOVAs revealed significant main effects o...

  5. Neurobiologic Processes in Drug Reward and Addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Adinoff, Bryon

    2004-01-01

    Neurophysiologic processes underlie the uncontrolled, compulsive behaviors defining the addicted state. These “hard-wired” changes in the brain are considered critical for the transition from casual to addictive drug use. This review of preclinical and clinical (primarily neuroimaging) studies will describe how the delineation between pleasure, reward, and addiction has evolved as our understanding of the biologic mechanisms underlying these processes has progressed. Although the mesolimbic d...

  6. ASPECTS OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING – SEWING A FOOTWEAR PRODUCT FOR WOMEN, TYPE SHOE

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Secan; Florentina Harnagea

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the technological process for manufacturing a low-cut footwear product (type shoe) for women, for casual use, in an IL system.The paper begins with a general presentation of the technological process of manufacturing the product, and follows with a case study which details the characteristic operations, as well as the common ones, which take place during the process.Depending on the structure of the model and the characteristics of the raw and auxiliary materials, the tech...

  7. Analysis of wave-field abnormality of big offset VSP data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peicheng, G.; Guozhu, B.

    1991-01-01

    Bigger offset results in wider VSP image extent and better VSP application. However, there follow two disadvantages, some wavefield abnormality of raw VSP data and increased stretching distortion in VSP-CDP transformation. The casual relation between big offset and VSP first-arrival abnormality or wave group interference is analyzed using the VSP data from well NU34. Suggestions on avoiding wave-field abnormality and designing optimum VSP offset are made by the authors of this paper.

  8. Addiction-like reward dysfunction and compulsive eating in obese rats: Role for dopamine D2 receptors

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Paul M.; Kenny, Paul J.

    2010-01-01

    We found that development of obesity was coupled with the emergence of a progressively worsening brain reward deficit. Similar changes in reward homeostasis induced by cocaine or heroin is considered a critical trigger in the transition from casual to compulsive drug-taking. Accordingly, we detected compulsive-like feeding behavior in obese but not lean rats, measured as palatable food consumption that was resistant to disruption by an aversive conditioned stimulus. Striatal dopamine D2 recep...

  9. The dark side of food addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Parylak, Sarah L.; Koob, George F.; Zorrilla, Eric P.

    2011-01-01

    In drug addiction, the transition from casual drug use to dependence has been linked to a shift away from positive reinforcement and towards negative reinforcement. That is, drugs ultimately are relied on to prevent or relieve negative states that otherwise result from abstinence (e.g., withdrawal) or from adverse environmental circumstances (e.g., stress). Recent work has suggested that this “dark side” shift also is key in the development of food addiction. Initially, palatable food consump...

  10. The Reviewer's Assistant: Recommending Topics to Writers by Association Rule Mining and Case-base Reasoning

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Ruihai; Schaal, Markus; O'Mahony, Michael P.; Smyth, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews from a community of users is increasingly important. In this extended abstract we describe the Reviewer’s Assistant, a case-based reasoning ...

  11. Harnessing the Experience Web to Support User-Generated Product Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Ruihai; Schaal, Markus; O'Mahony, Michael P.; McCarthy, Kevin; Smyth, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. In many respects, the content of user reviews is every bit as important as the catalog content that describes a given product or service. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews fr...

  12. Eastern and Western contributions to «contemplative science»

    OpenAIRE

    Laumakis, Stephen J.

    2011-01-01

    Even the most casual survey of the various professional journal articles and books dedicated to the study of the nature, value, use, and benefits of meditation, in general, as well as the emerging field of the scientific study of contemplation reveals that this is one of the most active and promising arenas in the comparative study of Eastern and Western thought and practice. Yet, even though there are many facets of meditative practices that are common to both traditions, the contemporary We...

  13. What Makes Usain Bolt Unique as a Sprinter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinabargar, A. J.; Hellrich, Matt; Baker, Blane

    2010-01-01

    For both casual and avid fans alike, Olympic and other sporting events can provide a wealth of data for simple physics analyses. One of the most impressive performances in recent Olympic history is that of Usain Bolt in the track-and-field sprinting events during the 2008 Summer Games. Over a seven-day span, Bolt set world records in the 100-m and…

  14. [Monomelic segmental amyotrophy: a Spanish case involving the leg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martinez, J M; Garcia de la Rocha, M L; Martin Araguz, A

    1990-01-01

    A 65-year old male presented with selective amyotrophy of the right lower limb which, after a progressive course of some months, had stabilized 12 years previously. Physical examination showed amyotrophy involving the gastrocnemius and the quadriceps extensor femoris without sensory impairment. EMG suggested motor neuron disease. This case meets Hirayama and Serratrice's criteria for benign chronic monomelic amyotrophy. We support the hypothesis of a casual vascular factor, as proposed by Hirayama. PMID:2204988

  15. An assessment of medical doctors′ perception of possible interrelationship between oral and general health

    OpenAIRE

    Opeodu, O. I.; Ogunrinde, T.J.; Fasunla, A J

    2014-01-01

    Background: The possibility of some systemic diseases having oral manifestation is well established with the recent discovery that some oral diseases also adversely affect the general health of an individual. The question is, is the relationship casual or causal? Aim: To assess the perception of medical doctors concerning the possible link of oral diseases as causal/confounding factors of systemic diseases. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 250 medical doctors was carried out...

  16. Effect of Chitosan on in vitro development and morphology of two isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. and Sacc.

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Bautista Baños; Mónica Hernández López; Ana Niurka Hernández Lauzardo; José Luis Trejo Espino; Mayra Karina Bautista Cerón; Gloria Elena Melo Giorgana

    2005-01-01

    Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the casual agent of the disease known as anthracnose. This fungus infects a wide range of hosts during the pre and postharvest stages of various horticultural commodities. To date, chitosan a natural biodegradable compound, chitin derivative, has been tested in the control of pathogenic microorganisms. In this research, the fungicidal or fungistatic potential of chitosan with different degrees of polymerization (low, medium and high molecular weight) and conc...

  17. Gratitude and well-being : the mediating role of coping

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Hi-po; 劉喜寶

    2015-01-01

    Gratitude is a ubiquitous emotional experience. A simple “thank you” could just be a casual gesture of politeness; yet, religions, philosophers, and psychologists have long proposed that heart-felt experiences of gratefulness is the key to well-being. This dissertation examined the mediating mechanisms of the effects of gratitude on subjective well-being. I proposed a resources-coping model, which postulates that gratitude fosters subjective well-being through first enhancing perceptions of c...

  18. The comparition of Personality Patterns, irrational beliefs and impulsivity in males with with drug abuse disorder under Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    samere asadi; Majid Mahmod allilo; jafar bahadorikhosroahhi; maryam KHORSAND

    2015-01-01

    Objective: the aim of this research was to determine the difference between personality Patterns, irrational beliefs and impulsivity in men with drug abuse disorder under Treatment. Method: in this casual- comparative research, 80 men ( 40 males with drug abuse under Treatment and 40 of normal males) that were selected with available sampling .Groups were matched in terms of demoghraphy characteristics ( age, sexuality, education level and marital status) and were valued with means of Eysenk ...

  19. Sexual and mental health in compensated dating in youth in Hong Kong: An exploratory quantitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Li, MHT; Wong, PWC; Chan, M.; Law, YW; Fu, KW; Chau, MCL; Yip, PSF

    2015-01-01

    Compensated dating, also known as enjo kosai (in Japanese), assisted relationship, freelance teenage sex work, and casual teen prostitution, emerged in Japan in 1990s and has spread to other Asian societies including Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Shanghai and Hong Kong in the early 2000s. The compensated dating phenomenon was considered similar to youth sexual exploitation, defined as the exchange of sexual activity for money or other consideration according to Office of the United Nations High Co...

  20. The effects of graphical fidelity on player experience

    OpenAIRE

    Gerling, Kathrin M.; Birk, Max; Mandryk, Regan L.; Doucette, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Graphical assets in video games have become increasingly complex over the years, but little is known about their effect on player experience (PX). In this paper, we present results of a controlled study with 48 participants comparing how abstract and stylized graphics influence player experience in casual games. Our results show that high-fidelity graphics result in a more positive impression of the game. However, we also show that many effects are only present in the game with a more challen...

  1. CHCW2009 would Celebrate its 10th Birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ In this October,the China's Casual Wear Fair,jointly organized by China Garment Association,China Garment Designer Association and Zhongshan Municipal government,would welcome its ten years celebration in the Zhongshan Exhibition Center of Guangdong Province from Oct.22 to Oct.25,2009.During these ten years,the Fair plays as an important role to promote the development of social culture and industry in Shaxi significantly.

  2. CHCW2008 will be Held in October

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ On July 8,during the press conference of the CHCW 2008 held in Beijing,the organizing committee announced that the 9th China's Casual Wear Fair (Shaxi,China),jointly organized by China Garment Association,China Garment designer association and Zhongshan Municipal government,will be held in the Zhongshan Exhibition Center of Guangdong Province from Oct.16 to Oct.19,2008.

  3. Towards balanced exploitation and management of the fishery resources of Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Twongo, T.

    1986-01-01

    A casual study of the hydrological map of Uganda would convince every serious fisherman and fisheater that he is most favoured to be in Uganda. The extent and distribution of the country's aquatic system plus the rich variety of fish species there is promises a fishery potential of considerable magnitude: The open waterways comprised by the Uganda portions of Lakes Victoria, Albert and Edward; and Lakes Kyoga, George plus minor lakes Wamala, Kijanebarora, mutanda, etc. occupy about 15% of ...

  4. Utilizing social media in marketing and brand building

    OpenAIRE

    Pelkonen, Pekka

    2014-01-01

    Social media and internet plays a big role is peoples daily lives. People feel the need to be connected constantly through technology. It has changed the rules of marketing and companies’ don’t give enough attention to the possibilities and opportunities it possesses. Commissioning company Laakkonen is the biggest car dealership chain in Finland. Selling new and used cars of different brands in different locations. Laakkonen wants to make the buying process on cars more casual and bring the c...

  5. The Effect of Computer Games on Students’ Critical Thinking Disposition and Educational Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Seifi; Zahra Derikvandi; Saeed Moosavipour; Rouhollah Khodabandelou

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this research was to investigate the effect of computer games on student’ critical thinking disposition and educational achievement. The research method was descriptive, and its type was casual-comparative. The sample included 270 female high school students in Andimeshk town selected by multistage cluster method. Ricketts questionnaire was used to test critical thinking and the researcher made questionnaires were used to test computer games. T-test and one-way ANOVA were empl...

  6. Analisis Pengaruh Audit Tenure, Ukuran Kap, Ukuran Perusahaan Klien Dan Rotasi Audit Terhadap Kualitas Audit Pada Perusahaan Manufaktur Yang Tercatat Pada Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Astuti, Windi

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to obtain the empirical evidence about the effect of audit tenure, audit firm size, client firm size, audit rotation on audit quality of manufacturing company that listed in indonesian stock exchange. The type of this research is casual research and the type of data is quantitative data. Those are obtained from the data published by indonesian stock exchange about financial statement and annual report, independent auditor’s report, journal, reference books, int...

  7. The Effects of Gun Prevalence on Burglary: Deterrence vs Inducement

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, Philip J.; Jens Ludwig

    2002-01-01

    The proposition that widespread gun ownership serves as a deterrent to residential burglary is widely touted by advocates, but the evidence is weak, consisting of anecdotes, interviews with burglars, casual comparisons with other countries, and the like. A more systematic exploration requires data on local rates of gun ownership and of residential burglary, and such data have only recently become available. In this paper we exploit a new well-validated proxy for local gun-ownership prevalence...

  8. Mexico: prospects for democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Norton, Yvonne D.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze why Mexico has failed to democratize and offer recommendations for U.S. policy towards Mexico. The thesis examines the impact of three casual variables on the level of democracy in Mexico: civilian control of the military, the fairness of Mexico's political party system, and U.S. foreign policy towards Mexico. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  9. SPECIFIC DIAGNOSTICS OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN CHILDREN WITH THE USE OF SCARIFICATION METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shmulich OV

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work there are presented the results of allergy testings of 186 children suffering from atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was the specification of casually significant allergen depending on sex and age. Results of testing are processed by a method of the mathematiical analysis, raised in nomograms according to which, considering the nosological entity of disease, sex and age of a patient, it is possible to define causally significant allergen.

  10. In vitro effect of Eucalyptus globulus essential oil on Penicillium sp.
    Efeito in vitro do óleo essencial de Eucalyptus globulus sobre o crescimento e desenvolvimento de Penicillium sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Marcia Holanda Nozaki; Cristina Fernanda Schneider; Andréia Piatti

    2011-01-01

    Penicillium sp. is the casual agent of moulds, considered the main citrus post-harvest disease, causing loss on the quality and quantity of marketable fruits. Besides economic loss, it can be included costs, transportation and fruit storage problems. The present work had the objective to verify the fungitoxic action of Eucalyptus globules essential oil on the in vitro control of Penicillium sp., evaluating mycelial growth, production and spores germination. The experiment was conduced on the ...

  11. Japan's Industrial Relations and Employment Policy from a South Korean Perspective《論文》

    OpenAIRE

    禹, 宗杬

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines how the labor market and related institutions mediate the impact of globalization on the populations in Japan and South Korea in terms of the levels of inequality they experience. Particular attention is paid to the way the labor market in both countries is segmented according to a complex system of employment status which makes sharp distinctions between permanent and casual employees or between male and female workers or between high school and university graduates-syste...

  12. Incorporating Discriminating Observation Probabilities (DOP) into Semi-Continuous HMM for Speaker Verification

    OpenAIRE

    Forsyth, Mark; Bagshaw, Paul C; Jack, Mervyn A.

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes the use of a semi-continuous hidden Markov models for speaker verification. The system uses a technique for discriminative hidden Markov modelling known as discriminating observation probabilities (DOP). Results are presented for text-dependent experiments on isolated digits from 25 genuine speakers and 84 casual im-poster speakers, recorded over the public telephone network in the United Kingdom. Performance measures which are used to assess the DOP technique are equal e...

  13. Kuyper and Apartheid: A revisiting

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Baskwell

    2006-01-01

    Was Abraham Kuyper, scholar, statesman, and university founder, the ideological father of Apartheid in South Africa? Many belief so. But, there are others, amongst them George Harinck of the Free University in Amsterdam, who don’t think so. The article argues that there is an element of truth in both opinions. Kuyper did exhibit the casual racism so characteristic of the Victorian era, with its emphasis on empire building and all that it entailed. Kuyper was also directly responsible, ideolog...

  14. Duplication of cervical oesophagus: A case report and review of literatures

    OpenAIRE

    Nazem M; Amouee A; Eidy M; Khan Ishfaq; Javed H

    2010-01-01

    Foregut duplication is commonly found in the posterior mediastinum. 10-20% of these anomalies are associated with oesophageal duplication. It can occur in all parts of oesophageal length. Although duplication of cervical oesophagus has been previously reported, but a majority of them were found in thoracic oesophagus. Infants with oesophageal duplication usually manifested by respiratory distress or asymptomatic thoracic mass, casually, detected in X-ray. A 7-month-old infant weighing ...

  15. A Model for the Development and Implementation of Core Competencies in Restaurant Companies for Superior Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    de Chabert, Jacqueline M. IV

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify whether firms that implement and develop core competencies perform significantly better than firms that do not. A model of core competency implementation and development in restaurant firms was developed and tested in three casual dining restaurant firms. The amount of co-alignment in the core competency process was compared to financial performance. Results indicated that firms that had a greater amount of alignment performed better. The highest p...

  16. Situated Usability Testing for Security Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greitzer, Frank L.

    2011-03-02

    While usability testing is well established, assessing the usability of security software, tools, or methods deserves more careful consideration. It has been argued that dealing with security has become too difficult for individuals or organizations to manage effectively or to use conveniently. As difficult as it is for system administrators and developers to deal with, security is even more challenging for casual users. Indeed, it is much too easy for casual/home users to configure the security of their systems in non-optimal ways that leave their systems inadvertently insecure. This is exacerbated by the fact that casual users are focused on matters other than security, and likely would prefer not even to think about security. This brief report argues that when security and/or privacy are part of the equation, traditional methods for usability testing should be re-considered. The purpose of this brief report is to argue for and outline a method associated with a new approach to usability testing for examining usable security issues.

  17. The Visual Causality Analyst: An Interactive Interface for Causal Reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Mueller, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Uncovering the causal relations that exist among variables in multivariate datasets is one of the ultimate goals in data analytics. Causation is related to correlation but correlation does not imply causation. While a number of casual discovery algorithms have been devised that eliminate spurious correlations from a network, there are no guarantees that all of the inferred causations are indeed true. Hence, bringing a domain expert into the casual reasoning loop can be of great benefit in identifying erroneous casual relationships suggested by the discovery algorithm. To address this need we present the Visual Causal Analyst-a novel visual causal reasoning framework that allows users to apply their expertise, verify and edit causal links, and collaborate with the causal discovery algorithm to identify a valid causal network. Its interface consists of both an interactive 2D graph view and a numerical presentation of salient statistical parameters, such as regression coefficients, p-values, and others. Both help users in gaining a good understanding of the landscape of causal structures particularly when the number of variables is large. Our framework is also novel in that it can handle both numerical and categorical variables within one unified model and return plausible results. We demonstrate its use via a set of case studies using multiple practical datasets. PMID:26529703

  18. Reported contraceptive use, risk behaviours and STIs among military conscripts in Estonian defence forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David Parker, R; Regier, Michael D; Widmeyer, Joseph; Honaker, John; Rüütel, Kristi

    2015-10-01

    Limited research exists on sexually transmitted infection (STI) and risk behaviour among military personnel. Published research on condom use and types of contraceptives used yield mixed results, yet, the perception that military members are at higher risk for STIs remains. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to measure factors such as condom use, contraceptive methods, and risky behaviours (i.e. drug use and sex with commercial sex workers) and investigate differences between ethnic groups, where culture could influence behaviour. Data were collected from a recruited population of 584 male, military conscripts in northeastern Europe. Using multinomial logistic regression models, statistically significant findings include an interaction between the use of contraceptive methods of Russians with casual partners and ethnicity, with higher odds of effective methods used among Estonians with regular partners (OR = 8.13) or casual partners (OR = 11.58) and Russians with regular partners (OR = 4.98). Effective contraceptive methods used less frequently with casual partners by ethnic Russians is important in providing education and risk reduction services to young, male conscripts. These findings may be used as a baseline to inform health education and STI prevention programmes tailored to military members in Eastern Europe in the absence of other published studies.

  19. Adult attachment among partnered gay men: patterns and associations with sexual relationship quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starks, Tyrel J; Parsons, Jeffrey T

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has found secure adult attachment to be associated positively with dimensions of main partner relationship quality and negatively with sexual risk taking and sex with casual partners among heterosexuals in primary relationships. Potential associations between adult attachment and aspects of relationship functioning have received limited attention among gay men. Data were collected from both members of 344 gay male couples as part of a community survey (M age = 38.6, SD = 9.4). Participants completed a shortened version of the Adult Attachment Inventory (Collins & Read, 1990) and the Dyadic Sexual Communication Scale (Catania, 1998). They reported the frequency of sex with main partners and the number of casual male unprotected sex partners. Data were analyzed using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Securely attached individuals reported the highest levels of sexual communication and men with securely attached partners were the most likely to report having sex with their partners as least once per week. Avoidantly attached men reported significantly more casual unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) partners compared to other attachment styles. Having an avoidantly attached partner was also associated with an increase in the number of UAI partners reported. Attachment style is relevant to the sexual relationship quality and sexual safety of partnered gay men. Cognitive-interpersonal intervention approaches developed to target attachment-related cognitions and behaviors may be relevant to HIV prevention efforts in this population.

  20. Contraceptive Decision-Making in Sexual Relationships: Young Men’s Experiences, Attitudes, and Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raine, Tina R.; Gard, Jennifer C.; Boyer, Cherrie B.; Haider, Sadia; Brown, Beth A.; Hernandez, F. Antonio Ramirez; Harper, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    Much attention has been focused on efforts to reduce unintended pregnancy by improving contraceptive use among high-risk women; however, there is limited information to guide interventions to engage young men in contraceptive decision-making. We conducted focus groups of young men, ages 19–26, from diverse racial backgrounds from low-income communities in the San Francisco Bay Area to examine social norms about sexual relationships and how they impact on contraceptive use. The data were analysed using content analysis. A range of relationships were described, however casual relationships predominated. While young men expressed strong desires to avoid pregnancy in casual relationships, the unpredictable nature of relationships, together with low communication and regard for the women involved, made stressing consistent contraceptive use among partners unlikely. The themes expressed by these young men about sex and behaviour in different relationships illustrate a spectrum of decision-making dilemmas and illustrate the inherent difficulty in fully engaging young men in contraceptive decision-making. A strategy is needed to address relationship values, dynamics, and condom use beyond STI prevention frameworks, and young women’s ability to make appropriate contraceptive choices in light of the inherent difficulties and uncertainty associated with casual relationships. PMID:20169479

  1. Contributions of divergent peer and parent sexual messages to Asian American college students' sexual behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinh, Sarah L; Ward, L Monique; Day, Kyla; Thomas, Khia; Levin, Dana

    2014-01-01

    Receiving more parent sexual communication is generally linked to a later age of first sexual intercourse and less sexual risk taking. However, Asian American youth report minimal parent sexual communication, later sexual initiation, and fewer sexual risks than their counterparts. What contributes to this unexpected pattern of sexual communication and sexual behaviors? To answer this question, we surveyed 312 Asian American college students ages 17 to 22 on their sexual behaviors, parent sexual communication, and peer sexual communication. Assessment of parent and peer sexual communication was completed via a measure in which participants rated the frequency with which they had received each of 22 sexual messages from each source. Young women generally received more messages promoting abstinence, traditional sex roles, and sex within a relational context than their male counterparts. Young men, however, reported greater parent and peer communications that were accepting of casual sex. Exposure to peer messages that were accepting of casual sex was associated with more sexual partners, casual sex encounters, and sexual experience. Being older, being raised outside the United States, being less religious, and being homosexual was each predictive of more sexual experience. Implications regarding the role of culture and gender on sexual socialization are discussed. PMID:23305521

  2. Opinion Mining for User Generated Design By Social Networking Service and Japanese Manga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anak Agung Gede Dharma

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The growth of Social Networking Service (SNS has created a new potential in marketing. While users communicate and interact via SNS, the list of their conversation, which is called casual data can be used to determine their needs or aspirations. SNS can be very useful for product/service developers, especially when developing new ideas or simply evaluating the feasibility of their existing products/services. Furthermore, SNS provides a unique system that enables expressive and two-way communication between its users. SNS is known for its effectiveness in delivering fresh news and information, thus it can be used as promotional media. Although several online services that utilize SNS and casual data have been provided, the purpose of those services is still unclear and ineffective. In those services, users were only asked for their opinions without receiving sufficient feedbacks. Therefore, to solve these problems we propose an innovative way of utilizing SNS and casual data in designing user generated design. In our proposed system, users can directly contribute to the product/service development process in an interesting way. We designed an online service, which allows users to posts manga that describes their original idea. While contributing to the product/service development, they can also benefit from expressing their hobbies and receiving feedbacks from other users.

  3. DISEASES OF FLOWERS AND DECORATIVE PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Draženka Jurković

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The academic textbook Diseases of Flowers and Decorative Plants introduces the most important casual agents of flower and decorative plant diseases to students at all study levels, as well as to floriculturists. Floriculture as a branch of plant production is a very old discipline that was developed along with human mankind. Although it may seem otherwise, diseases are extremely important in plant production cycle. Diseases elaborated in the present handbook are classified according to their casual agents (fungi, bacteria and viruses. Parasites are organized according to their systematic grouping within separate classes, thus avoiding repetitions, as one parasite can attack different plant sorts. Disease symptoms appearing on attacked plants, development stages and protection measures are presented for each casual agent. The textbook is also well illustrated with photographs. The list of professional terminology and the list of scientific and common names for flowers and decorative plants are provided at the end of the handbook. Besides results of the authors’ own researches, this academic textbook comprises up-to-date findings of well known scientists and professionals.

  4. Expanded DEMATEL for Determining Cause and Effect Group in Bidirectional Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Falatoonitoosi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL methodology has been proposed to solve complex and intertwined problem groups in many situations such as developing the capabilities, complex group decision making, security problems, marketing approaches, global managers, and control systems. DEMATEL is able to realize casual relationships by dividing important issues into cause and effect group as well as making it possible to visualize the casual relationships of subcriteria and systems in the course of casual diagram that it may demonstrate communication network or a little control relationships between individuals. Despite of its ability to visualize cause and effect inside a network, the original DEMATEL has not been able to find the cause and effect group between different networks. Therefore, the aim of this study is proposing the expanded DEMATEL to cover this deficiency by new formulations to determine cause and effect factors between separate networks that have bidirectional direct impact on each other. At the end, the feasibility of new extra formulations is validated by case study in three numerical examples of green supply chain networks for an automotive company.

  5. Echocardiographic assessment of the different left ventricular geometric patterns in hypertensive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delma Maria Cunha

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identiy left ventricular geometric patterns in hypertensive patients on echocardiography, and to correlate those patterns with casual blood pressure measurements and with the parameters obtained on a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. METHODS: We studied sixty hypertensive patients, grouped according to the Joint National Committee stages of hypertension.. Using the single- and two-dimensional Doppler Echocardiography, we analyzed the left ventricular mass and the geometric patterns through the correlation of left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness. On ambulatory blood pressure monitoring we assessed the means and pressure loads in the different geometric patterns detected on echocardiography RESULTS: We identified three left ventricular geometric patterns: 1 concentric hypertrophy, in 25% of the patients; 2 concentric remodeling, in 25%; and 3 normal geometry, in 50%. Casual systolic blood pressure was higher in the group with concentric hypertrophy than in the other groups (p=0.001. Mean systolic pressure in the 24h, daytime and nighttime periods was also higher in patients with concentric hypertrophy, as compared to the other groups (p=0.003, p=0.004 and p=0.007. Daytime systolic load and nighttime diastolic load were higher in patients with concentric hypertrophy ( p=0.004 and p=0.01, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular geometric patterns show significant correlation with casual systolic blood pressure, and with means and pressure loads on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

  6. Oil demand reduction in an oil crisis. Evaluation of oil demand-reducing measures for the transportation sector; Brandstofvraagreductie bij oliecrisis. Evaluatie van vraagreducerende maatregelen voor de transportsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanschke, C.B.; Van Bree, B.; Kroon, P. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2010-01-15

    Every IEA member state must have in place measures to reduce oil demand during oil supply emergencies. The transport sector offers significant opportunities to reduce oil demand with relatively limited impact on the overall economy. To determine which measures are useful in the Dutch situation, this report performs a quick scan of a number of demand restraint measures in the transport sector. The quick scan ranks measures by their effectiveness, feasibility, and efficiency. Based on the quick scan results, three measures have been selected for further research (Sunday driving ban, work-trip reduction, and carpooling). Additionally, the effects of price increases on oil demand have been examined. Five refineries and a large petrochemical industry sector are based in the Netherlands. Therefore, the shares of passenger road transport (20%) and freight road transport (12%) in the national oil demand are comparatively low. As a consequence an oil demand reduction in road transport of at least 20% to 30% is required to meet the national oil demand reduction target of 7% to 10% agreed within IEA. Price effects during an oil crisis are uncertain given limited research, and estimated to reduce oil demand from passenger road transport by 15% to 35% and oil demand from freight road transport by 10% to 25%. Given the uncertainty, this effect was halved to obtain a conservative estimate of 2% to 4% of national oil demand reduction as a result of price effects. A Sunday driving ban can lead to reductions of 50% to 80% of passenger travel on Sundays, leading to savings of 1% to 1.5% of national oil demand. Work-trip reduction policies can reduce worktrips by 10% and lead to reductions of 0.5% to 1% of total oil demand. Carpooling has the greatest potential, reducing work trips up to 30% and leading to 0% to 2.5% savings of national oil demand. The broad range of the latter estimate is due to the limited options available to influence motorists to share their vehicles with others

  7. Fuel demand reduction during oil crisis. Evaluation of demand reducing measures for the transportation sector; Brandstofvraagreductie bij oliecrisis. Evaluatie van vraagreducerende maatregelen voor de transportsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanschke, C.B.; Van Bree, B.; Kroon, P. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2010-01-15

    Every IEA member state must have in place measures to reduce oil demand during oil supply emergencies. The transport sector offers significant opportunities to reduce oil demand with relatively limited impact on the overall economy. To determine which measures are useful in the Dutch situation, this report performs a quick scan of a number of demand restraint measures in the transport sector. The quick scan ranks measures by their effectiveness, feasibility, and efficiency. Based on the quick scan results, three measures have been selected for further research (Sunday driving ban, work-trip reduction, and carpooling). Additionally, the effects of price increases on oil demand have been examined. Five refineries and a large petrochemical industry sector are based in the Netherlands. Therefore, the shares of passenger road transport (20%) and freight road transport (12%) in the national oil demand are comparatively low. As a consequence an oil demand reduction in road transport of at least 20% to 30% is required to meet the national oil demand reduction target of 7% to 10% agreed within IEA. Price effects during an oil crisis are uncertain given limited research, and estimated to reduce oil demand from passenger road transport by 15% to 35% and oil demand from freight road transport by 10% to 25%. Given the uncertainty, this effect was halved to obtain a conservative estimate of 2% to 4% of national oil demand reduction as a result of price effects. A Sunday driving ban can lead to reductions of 50% to 80% of passenger travel on Sundays, leading to savings of 1% to 1.5% of national oil demand. Work-trip reduction policies can reduce worktrips by 10% and lead to reductions of 0.5% to 1% of total oil demand. Carpooling has the greatest potential, reducing work trips up to 30% and leading to 0% to 2.5% savings of national oil demand. The broad range of the latter estimate is due to the limited options available to influence motorists to share their vehicles with others

  8. Smart Commute Association : commuter attitudes study 2005 : final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-08-01

    The Smart Commute Association is a Greater Toronto Area (GTA)-wide joint municipal undertaking that has developed a range of transportation demand management strategies. This paper discussed the results of a survey conducted to gather baseline information on commuter behaviour and attitudes relating to modes of transportation and awareness of Smart Commute Association programs. Information on telecommuters was also presented. The survey consisted of telephone interviews conducted with 1000 GTA and Hamilton residents. Nearly all the survey participants commuted to work, school or places where they were volunteers. Most commuters were under the age of 45, were employed full-time and lived in households without children. Most had household incomes of under $100,000 per year, and travelled 5 days a week on a standard Monday to Friday schedule, commuting an average of 1 hour and 10 minutes a day. The 2 most popular modes of commuting were driving alone and using public transit. Commuters recognized transportation in and around the GTA and Hamilton as an important issue. Congestion, delay, and gridlock were the main problems encountered on a daily basis. Transportation by motorized vehicle was perceived to be the ideal commuting method. Motorized vehicles were considered to be the most convenient, efficient, and affordable means of travel. Commuters were satisfied with their current commute arrangement and cited the lack of alternative viable transportation options as the primary reason for not wanting to switch commuting methods. There was a significant lack of awareness of the Smart Commute program, but it was viewed as a good idea. Strategies of the Smart Commute program include ride matching for carpooling and a guaranteed ride home service; program modules such as employer vanpools; and a regional marketing and education campaign. 20 figs.

  9. Personalized trajectory matching in spatial networks

    KAUST Repository

    Shang, Shuo

    2013-07-31

    With the increasing availability of moving-object tracking data, trajectory search and matching is increasingly important. We propose and investigate a novel problem called personalized trajectory matching (PTM). In contrast to conventional trajectory similarity search by spatial distance only, PTM takes into account the significance of each sample point in a query trajectory. A PTM query takes a trajectory with user-specified weights for each sample point in the trajectory as its argument. It returns the trajectory in an argument data set with the highest similarity to the query trajectory. We believe that this type of query may bring significant benefits to users in many popular applications such as route planning, carpooling, friend recommendation, traffic analysis, urban computing, and location-based services in general. PTM query processing faces two challenges: how to prune the search space during the query processing and how to schedule multiple so-called expansion centers effectively. To address these challenges, a novel two-phase search algorithm is proposed that carefully selects a set of expansion centers from the query trajectory and exploits upper and lower bounds to prune the search space in the spatial and temporal domains. An efficiency study reveals that the algorithm explores the minimum search space in both domains. Second, a heuristic search strategy based on priority ranking is developed to schedule the multiple expansion centers, which can further prune the search space and enhance the query efficiency. The performance of the PTM query is studied in extensive experiments based on real and synthetic trajectory data sets. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  10. Implementation of Web-Based Respondent Driven Sampling among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Sweden.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Strömdahl

    Full Text Available Respondent driven sampling (RDS was designed to study 'hidden' populations, for which there are no available sampling frame. RDS has been shown to recruit far into social networks of the study population and achieve unbiased estimates when certain assumptions are fulfilled. Web-based respondent driven sampling (WebRDS has been implemented among MSM in Vietnam and produced a sufficient sample of MSM. In order to see if WebRDS could work in a 'hidden' population in a high-income setting, we performed a WebRDS among MSM in Sweden to study a sensitive topic, sexual risk behaviour for HIV/STI and Internet use.A cross-sectional survey was implemented between July 11, 2012 and January 21, 2013 by using a WebRDS software. Men, fifteen years old or above, who reported having ever had sex with another man were included. The web-survey explored sociodemographics, sexual risk behaviour for HIV/STI and Internet use.The WebRDS process created a sample of 123 eligible respondents. The mean age among participants was 32 years old. All respondents reported having had unprotected anal intercourse (UAI with at least one regular and one casual sex partner during the last 12 months. On average participants reported having had UAI with three casual sexual partners and in total having had seven casual sex partners during the last 12 months.The WebRDS produced a sample of Internet-using MSM in Sweden who all reported sexual risk behaviour for HIV/STI during the last 12 months. It holds promise for future online studies among MSM and a possibility to reach MSM at risk for HIV/STI with interventions or information. Some challenges were found including short recruitment chains, and further research need to address how to optimize WebRDS online recruitment methods in high income settings.

  11. The converging and diverging characteristics of HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys, 2000-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Martin; Lee, Evelyn; Prestage, Garrett P; Zablotska, Iryna; de Wit, John; Mao, Limin

    2013-01-01

    To assess the changing health promotion needs of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive gay men in Australia, we analysed the social and behavioural characteristics of HIV-positive men in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys. We looked at change over time in the characteristics of HIV-positive men (from 2000-2001 to 2008-2009) and compared HIV-positive men with their HIV-negative peers within each time period. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess independent changes over time within each HIV status group. A total of 21,620 responses were included in the analyses; 10,537 in 2000-2001 and 11,083 in 2008-2009. Between the two time periods, HIV-positive and HIV-negative men became more similar in the following areas: paid employment, sexual identity, number of male sex partners, the likelihood of having a regular male partner and having a seroconcordant regular male partner. The two groups diverged in these areas: age, ethnicity, educational level, social engagement with gay men, types of relationship with regular male partners, likelihood of unprotected anal intercourse with casual male partners and likelihood of HIV disclosure to casual male partners. Workforce participation and educational attainment have improved among HIV-positive gay men since 2000, but they still lag behind their HIV-negative peers in these areas. Because HIV-positive men are an ageing cohort, support services will need to increasingly address issues of HIV, sexuality and ageing with HIV-positive men. The increase in unprotected anal intercourse and HIV disclosure with casual partners means that education and support services will increasingly need to address effective HIV disclosure and non-condom-based risk reduction strategies with both HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men. PMID:22639958

  12. The Epidemiology of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders among Young People in Northern Tanzania.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel M Francis

    Full Text Available Alcohol use is a global public health problem, including as a risk factor for HIV infection, but few data are available on the epidemiology of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders (AUD among young people in sub-Saharan Africa.We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 4 groups of young people aged 15-24 years old (secondary school students, college/university students, employees of local industries and casual labourers in two regions (Kilimanjaro and Mwanza of northern Tanzania. Using a multistage stratified random sampling strategy, we collected information on demographics, alcohol use, and behavioural factors. We screened severity of alcohol use using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT and estimated the quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption using the timeline-follow-back-calendar (TLFB method.A total of 1954 young people were surveyed. The prevalence of reported alcohol use was higher among males (47-70% ever users and 20-45% current users than females (24-54% ever users and 12-47% current users. Prevalence of use was substantially higher in Kilimanjaro than Mwanza region. In both regions, participants reported high exposure to alcohol advertisements, and wide alcohol availability. College students reported the highest prevalence of current alcohol use (45% among males; 26% among females and of heavy episodic drinking (71% among males; 27% among females followed by casual labourers. Males were more likely to have AUD (an AUDIT score ≥8 than females, with 11-28% of males screening positive for AUD. Alcohol use was associated with male gender, being in a relationship, greater disposable income, non-Muslim religion and a higher number of sexual partners.Alcohol use is a significant problem among young people in northern Tanzania. There is an urgent need to develop, pilot and deliver interventions to help young people delay initiation and reduce levels of harmful drinking, particularly among college students and casual

  13. Cat Ownership Perception and Caretaking Explored in an Internet Survey of People Associated with Cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zito, Sarah; Vankan, Dianne; Bennett, Pauleen; Paterson, Mandy; Phillips, Clive J C

    2015-01-01

    People who feed cats that they do not perceive they own (sometimes called semi-owners) are thought to make a considerable contribution to unwanted cat numbers because the cats they support are generally not sterilized. Understanding people's perception of cat ownership and the psychology underlying cat semi-ownership could inform approaches to mitigate the negative effects of cat semi-ownership. The primary aims of this study were to investigate cat ownership perception and to examine its association with human-cat interactions and caretaking behaviours. A secondary aim was to evaluate a definition of cat semi-ownership (including an association time of ≥1 month and frequent feeding), revised from a previous definition proposed in the literature to distinguish cat semi-ownership from casual interactions with unowned cats. Cat owners and semi-owners displayed similar types of interactions and caretaking behaviours. Nevertheless, caretaking behaviours were more commonly displayed towards owned cats than semi-owned cats, and semi-owned cats were more likely to have produced kittens (pcats in semi-ownership relationships compared to casual interaction relationships. Determinants of cat ownership perception were identified (pcat friendliness and health, and feelings about unowned cats, including the acceptability of feeding unowned cats. Encouraging semi-owners to have the cats they care for sterilized may assist in reducing the number of unwanted kittens and could be a valuable alternative to trying to prevent semi-ownership entirely. Highly accessible semi-owner "gatekeepers" could help to deliver education messages and facilitate the provision of cat sterilization services to semi-owners. This research enabled semi-ownership to be distinguished from casual interaction relationships and can assist welfare and government agencies to identify cat semi-owners in order to develop strategies to address this source of unwanted cats. PMID:26218243

  14. Cat Ownership Perception and Caretaking Explored in an Internet Survey of People Associated with Cats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Zito

    Full Text Available People who feed cats that they do not perceive they own (sometimes called semi-owners are thought to make a considerable contribution to unwanted cat numbers because the cats they support are generally not sterilized. Understanding people's perception of cat ownership and the psychology underlying cat semi-ownership could inform approaches to mitigate the negative effects of cat semi-ownership. The primary aims of this study were to investigate cat ownership perception and to examine its association with human-cat interactions and caretaking behaviours. A secondary aim was to evaluate a definition of cat semi-ownership (including an association time of ≥1 month and frequent feeding, revised from a previous definition proposed in the literature to distinguish cat semi-ownership from casual interactions with unowned cats. Cat owners and semi-owners displayed similar types of interactions and caretaking behaviours. Nevertheless, caretaking behaviours were more commonly displayed towards owned cats than semi-owned cats, and semi-owned cats were more likely to have produced kittens (p<0.01. All interactions and caretaking behaviours were more likely to be displayed towards cats in semi-ownership relationships compared to casual interaction relationships. Determinants of cat ownership perception were identified (p<0.05 and included association time, attachment, perceived cat friendliness and health, and feelings about unowned cats, including the acceptability of feeding unowned cats. Encouraging semi-owners to have the cats they care for sterilized may assist in reducing the number of unwanted kittens and could be a valuable alternative to trying to prevent semi-ownership entirely. Highly accessible semi-owner "gatekeepers" could help to deliver education messages and facilitate the provision of cat sterilization services to semi-owners. This research enabled semi-ownership to be distinguished from casual interaction relationships and can assist

  15. Impact of Light Salt Substitution for Regular Salt on Blood Pressure of Hypertensive Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Lôbo de Almeida Barros

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown sodium restriction to have a beneficial effect on blood pressure (BP of hypertensive patients. Objective: To evaluate the impact of light salt substitution for regular salt on BP of hypertensive patients. Methods: Uncontrolled hypertensive patients of both sexes, 20 to 65 years-old, on stable doses of antihypertensive drugs were randomized into Intervention Group (IG - receiving light salt and Control Group (CG - receiving regular salt. Systolic BP (SBP and diastolic BP (DBP were analyzed by using casual BP measurements and Home Blood Pressure Monitoring (HBPM, and sodium and potassium excretion was assessed on 24-hour urine samples. The patients received 3 g of salt for daily consumption for 4 weeks. Results: The study evaluated 35 patients (65.7% women, 19 allocated to the IG and 16 to the CG. The mean age was 55.5 ± 7.4 years. Most participants had completed the Brazilian middle school (up to the 8th grade; n = 28; 80.0%, had a family income of up to US$ 600 (n = 17; 48.6% and practiced regular physical activity (n = 19; 54.3%. Two patients (5.7% were smokers and 40.0% consumed alcohol regularly (n = 14. The IG showed a significant reduction in both SBP and DBP on the casual measurements and HBPM (p < 0.05 and in sodium excretion (p = 0.016. The CG showed a significant reduction only in casual SBP (p = 0.032. Conclusions: The light salt substitution for regular salt significantly reduced BP of hypertensive patients.

  16. Attitudes and behaviour towards convenience food and food waste in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinson, Lucy J; Russell, Jean M; Barker, Margo E

    2016-08-01

    Households in the UK discard much food. A reduction in such waste to mitigate environmental impact is part of UK government policy. This study investigated whether household food waste is linked to a lifestyle reliant on convenience food in younger consumers. A survey of 928 UK residents aged 18-40 years and responsible for the household food shopping (male n = 278; female n = 650) completed an online questionnaire designed to measure attitudes to convenience food and to quantify household food waste. Cluster analysis of 24 food-related lifestyle factors identified 5 consumer groups. General linear modelling techniques were used to test relationships between the purchase frequency of convenience food and household food waste. From the cluster analysis, five distinct convenience profiles emerged comprising: 'epicures' (n = 135), 'traditional consumers' (n = 255), 'casual consumers' (n = 246), 'food detached consumers' (n = 151) and 'kitchen evaders' (n = 141). Casual consumers and kitchen evaders were the most reliant on convenience food and notably were the most wasteful. The demographic profile of kitchen evaders matched the population groups currently targeted by UK food waste policy. Casual consumers represent a new and distinct group characterised by "buy a lot and waste a lot" behaviour. Household size, packaging format, price-awareness and marketing all appear to influence levels of food waste. However, it seems that subtle behavioural and sociocultural factors also have impact. Further research is needed to elucidate the factors that mediate the positive association between the purchase of convenience food and reported food waste in order to inform food waste policy and initiatives. PMID:26993575

  17. The contribution of emotional partners to sexual risk taking and violence among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya: a cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanley Luchters

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess sexual risk-taking of female sex workers (FSWs with emotional partners (boyfriends and husbands, compared to regular and casual clients. Experiences of violence and the degree of relationship control that FSWs have with emotional partners are also described. DESIGN: Cohort study with quarterly follow-up visit over 12-months. METHODS: Four hundred HIV-uninfected FSWs older than 16 years were recruited from their homes and guesthouses in Mombasa, Kenya. A structured questionnaire assessed participant characteristics and study outcomes at each visit, and women received risk-reduction counselling, male and female condoms, and HIV testing. RESULTS: Four or more unprotected sex acts in the past week were reported by 21.3% of women during sex with emotional partners, compared to 5.8% with regular and 4.8% with casual clients (P<0.001. Total number of unprotected sex acts per week was 5-6-fold higher with emotional partners (603 acts with 259 partners than with regular or casual clients (125 acts with 456, and 98 acts with 632 clients, respectively; P<0.001. Mostly, perceptions of "trust" underscored unprotected sex with emotional partners. Low control over these relationships, common to many women (36.9%, was linked with higher partner numbers, inconsistent condom use, and being physically forced to have sex by their emotional partners. Half experienced sexual or physical violence in the past year, similarly associated with partner numbers and inconsistent condom use. CONCLUSIONS: High-risk sexual behaviour, low control and frequent violence in relationships with emotional partners heighten FSWs' vulnerability and high HIV risk, requiring targeted interventions that also encompass emotional partners.

  18. High HIV Burden in Men Who Have Sex with Men across Colombia's Largest Cities: Findings from an Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Lucía Rubio Mendoza

    Full Text Available Among Latin America's concentrated HIV epidemics, little is known about men who have sex with men (MSM in Colombia, the region's third largest country. To date, surveillance studies have been limited to Bogota, while 80% of HIV cases and deaths originate from Colombia's other cities and departments. The extent to which interventions should prioritize MSM outside of Bogota is unknown.We recruited 2603 MSM using respondent-driven sampling from seven of Colombia's largest cities. HIV prevalence was estimated by site from dried blood spot samples. Behavioral data were collected through face-to-face interviews and risk factors for HIV infection analyzed using weighted, multi-level logistical regression models accounting for recruitment patterns.Across cities, HIV prevalence averaged 15%, varied from 6% to 24% and was highest in Cali, Bogota, and Barranquilla. In the past 12 months, 65% of MSM had ≥ 5 casual male partners and 23% had a female partner. Across partnerships (i.e., casual, stable, and commercial, the proportion of MSM engaging in unprotected sex was ≥ 52% with male partners and ≥ 66% with female partners. Self-reported history of STI (24% and past-year illicit drug use (38% were also common. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 35 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 19.2 and 25-39 (AOR, 5.6 relative to ≤ 18-24 years, identifying as homosexual relative to heterosexual (AOR 0.1, meeting casual partners on the Internet (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.1 and age of sexual debut of ≤ 13 years (AOR, 3.1 predicted HIV infection. HIV testing and prevention messaging reached just 24% of MSM in the past year.Findings support consistently elevated HIV burden among MSM throughout Colombia's largest cities and a need for enhanced behavioral prevention and HIV testing, emphasizing men who use the Internet as well as physical venues to meet sex partners.

  19. Attitudes and behaviour towards convenience food and food waste in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinson, Lucy J; Russell, Jean M; Barker, Margo E

    2016-08-01

    Households in the UK discard much food. A reduction in such waste to mitigate environmental impact is part of UK government policy. This study investigated whether household food waste is linked to a lifestyle reliant on convenience food in younger consumers. A survey of 928 UK residents aged 18-40 years and responsible for the household food shopping (male n = 278; female n = 650) completed an online questionnaire designed to measure attitudes to convenience food and to quantify household food waste. Cluster analysis of 24 food-related lifestyle factors identified 5 consumer groups. General linear modelling techniques were used to test relationships between the purchase frequency of convenience food and household food waste. From the cluster analysis, five distinct convenience profiles emerged comprising: 'epicures' (n = 135), 'traditional consumers' (n = 255), 'casual consumers' (n = 246), 'food detached consumers' (n = 151) and 'kitchen evaders' (n = 141). Casual consumers and kitchen evaders were the most reliant on convenience food and notably were the most wasteful. The demographic profile of kitchen evaders matched the population groups currently targeted by UK food waste policy. Casual consumers represent a new and distinct group characterised by "buy a lot and waste a lot" behaviour. Household size, packaging format, price-awareness and marketing all appear to influence levels of food waste. However, it seems that subtle behavioural and sociocultural factors also have impact. Further research is needed to elucidate the factors that mediate the positive association between the purchase of convenience food and reported food waste in order to inform food waste policy and initiatives.

  20. Capillary ultrastructure and mitochondrial volume density in skeletal muscle in relation to reduced exercise capacity of patients with intermittent claudication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baum, Oliver; Torchetti, Eleonora; Malik, Corinna;

    2016-01-01

    Intermittent claudication (IC) is the most commonly reported symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Impaired limb blood flow is a major casual factor of lower exercise tolerance in PAD, but cannot entirely explain it. We hypothesized that IC is associated with structural changes of the...... capillary-mitochondria interface that could contribute to the reduction of exercise tolerance in IC-patients. Capillary and mitochondrial morphometry were performed after light and transmission electron microscopy using vastus lateralis muscle biopsies of 14 IC-patients and 10 age-matched controls and peak...

  1. Introduction to Medical Image Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Rasmus Reinhold; Moeslund, Thomas B.

    This book is a result of a collaboration between DTU Informatics at the Technical University of Denmark and the Laboratory of Computer Vision and Media Technology at Aalborg University. It is partly based on the book ”Image and Video Processing”, second edition by Thomas Moeslund. The aim...... of the book is to present the fascinating world of medical image analysis in an easy and interesting way. Compared to many standard books on image analysis, the approach we have chosen is less mathematical and more casual. Some of the key algorithms are exemplified in C-code. Please note that the code...

  2. SEO Warrior

    CERN Document Server

    Jerkovic, John

    2010-01-01

    How can you make it easier for people to find your website? And how can you convert casual visitors into active users? SEO Warrior shows you how it's done through a collection of tried and true techniques, hacks, and best practices. Learn the nuts and bolts of search engine optimization (SEO) theory, the importance of keyword strategy, and how to avoid and remedy search engine traps. You'll also learn about search engine marketing (SEM) practices, such as Google AdWords, and how you can use social networking to increase your visibility. Ideal for web developers, savvy marketers, webmasters,

  3. Working Women: Indian Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dharmendra MEHTA; Naveen K. MEHTA; MEHTA Rajesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    In India, due to unprecedented rise in the cost of living, ris-ing prices of commodities, growing expenses on children ed-ucation, huge rate of unemployment, and increasing cost of housing properties compel every Indian family to explore all the possible ways and means to increase the household income. It is also witnessed that after globalization Indian women are able to get more jobs but the work they get is more casual in nature or is the one that men do not prefer to do or is left by them...

  4. The 2010 Pakistan Flood and the Russia Heat Wave: Teleconnection of Extremes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, William K.; Kim, K. M.

    2010-01-01

    The Pakistan flood and the Russia heat wave/Vvild fires of the summer of2010 were two of the most extreme, and catastrophic events in the histories of the two countries occurring at about the same time. To a casual observer, the timing may just be a random coincidence of nature, because the two events were separated by long distances, and represented opposite forces of nature, i.e., flood vs. drought, and water vs. fire. In this paper, using NASA satellite and NOAA reanalysis data, we presented observation evidences that that the two events were indeed physically connected.

  5. Bosquejos de la ciencia nacional en la América Latina del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Lafuente, Antonio; López-Ocón, Leoncio

    1998-01-01

    Durante largo tiempo la historiografía de la ciencia ha venido silenciando el mundo latinoamericano. Y, desde luego, no se trata de una realidad casual o inopinada, como tampoco exclusiva de aquellos países, pues responde a una concepción de la ciencia y, por tanto, de lo que merece o no alcanzar el estatuto de hecho histórico memorable. Puede decirse que es consecuencia de una mentalidad para la que sólo tiene pasado cuanto pueda asociarse con la historia de los descubrimiento...

  6. Bosquejos de la ciencia nacional en la América Latina del siglo XIX : Introducción

    OpenAIRE

    Lafuente, Antonio; López-Ocón, Leoncio

    1998-01-01

    Durante largo tiempo la historiografía de la ciencia ha venido silenciando el mundo latinoamericano. Y, desde luego, no se trata de una realidad casual o inopinada, como tampoco exclusiva de aquellos países, pues responde a una concepción de la ciencia y, por tanto, de lo que merece o no alcanzar el estatuto de hecho histórico memorable. Puede decirse que es consecuencia de una mentalidad para la que sólo tiene pasado cuanto pueda asociarse con la Iiistoria de los descubrimient...

  7. Sex Partnership and Self-Efficacy Influence Depression in Chinese Transgender Women: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoshi Yang

    Full Text Available Transgender women often suffer from transition-related discrimination and loss of social support due to their gender transition, which may pose considerable psychological challenges and may lead to a high prevalence of depression in this population. Increased self-efficacy may combat the adverse effects of gender transition on depression. However, few available studies have investigated the protective effect of self-efficacy on depression among transgender women, and there is a scarcity of research describing the mental health of Chinese transgender women. This study aims to describe the prevalence of depression among Chinese transgender women and to explore the associated factors.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Shenyang, Liaoning Province of China by convenience sampling from January 2014 to July 2014. Two hundred and nine Chinese transgender women were interviewed face-to-face with questionnaires that covered topics including the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS, demographic characteristics, transition status, sex partnership, perceived transgender-related discrimination, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS and the adapted General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the factors associated with SDS scores.The prevalence of depression among transgender women was 45.35%. Transgender women with regular partners or casual partners exhibited higher SDS scores than those without regular partners or casual partners. Regression analyses showed that sex partnership explained most (16.6% of the total variance in depression scores. Self-efficacy was negatively associated with depression.Chinese transgender women experienced high levels of depression. Depression was best predicted by whether transgender women had a regular partner or a casual partner rather than transgender-related discrimination and transition status. Moreover, self-efficacy had positive

  8. O perfil de clientes de um shopping center: um estudo exploratório com consumidores do interior

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Daniela Meirelles; Oliveira, Josmaria Lima Ribeiro de; Antonialli, Luiz Marcelo

    2004-01-01

    The study was carried out in a Minas Gerais' inland city, so as to get acquainted with the profile and habits of its clients. This research is innovative as it approaches as customer the citizen of an inland town. The objective of this work was to identify the groups of customers taking into consideration their level of satisfaction as well as their social-economic profile. The collection of data was accomplished through the application of a closed questionnaire to the probabilistic, casual a...

  9. III. Significación y retos de la modernización

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseau, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    EL NUEVO NACIONALISMO: LA MODERNIZACIÓN ENTRAMPADA EN LA TRADICIÓN Hasta el tercer informe, la modernización lo parecía todo. La frecuencia de su empleo la había convertido en meta imprescindible, en cualquier ámbito. El llamado al nacionalismo vino a matizar y a orientar este enfoque: modernización y nacionalismo se complementan. Hablar de ″nuevo nacionalismo″ y no de ″nacionalismo″ tampoco es casual, pues marca una diferencia valorativa. Permite recoger los valores del pasado que son útiles...

  10. [Extreme reactive thrombocytosis in a healthy 6 year-old child].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lama Caro-Patón, G; García-Salido, A; Iglesias-Bouzas, M I; Guillén, M; Cañedo-Villaroya, E; Martínez-Romera, I; Serrano-González, A; Casado-Flores, J

    2014-11-01

    Thrombocytosis is usually a casual finding in children. Reactive or secondary thrombocytosis is the more common form, being the infections diseases the most prevalent cause of it. Regarding the number of platelets there are four degrees of thrombocytosis; in its extreme degree the number of platelets exceeds 1,000,000/mm(3). We describe a case of extreme reactive thrombocytosis in a healthy 6-year-old child. He required critical care admission for diagnosis and treatment (maximum number of platelets 7,283,000/mm(3)). We review the different causes of thrombocytosis in childhood, the differential diagnosis, and the available treatments in case of extreme thrombocytosis.

  11. CHINA-JIANGSU LAD GROUP CO.LTD.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In recent years,the LAD Group has invested in R & D and innovation program for diversi- fied forms of business development hoping to make the company bigger,better and stronger, and it has achieved a bumper harvest. The LAD Group has become a giant in casual wear manufacturing.It is equipped with international state-of-the-art machines,washing machines,computer-aided embroidery machines, smart streamline,garment-print line,dyeing & finishing line and CAD pattern-making system, making it possible to compose three important production bases of weaving,dyeing & heat

  12. CHINA-JIANGSU LAD GROUP CO.LTD.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In recent years,the LAD Group has invested in R & D and innovation program for diversi- fied forms of business development hoping to make the company bigger,better and stronger, and it has achieved a bumper harvest. The LAD Group has become a giant in casual wear manufacturing.It is equipped with international state-of-the-art machines,washing machines,computer-aided embroidery machines, smart streamline,garment-print line,dyeing & finishing line and CAD pattern-making system, making it possible to compose three important production bases of weaving,dyeing & heat

  13. Teledesic broadband center field study

    OpenAIRE

    Webster, Tom P.E.; Bannon, Rachel; Lehrer, David AIA

    2002-01-01

    The design of many unconventional internet and technology office spaces in the late 90’s has challenged many standard conventions of workplace protocol. Although it is easy to poke fun at the free café lattes, foosball machines, and dogs in the office, the desire to create a workplace that is healthier, more functional, and casual is seen by many as a positive and continuing trend. The question then arises, how well do these new innovative workplaces actually perform? The Teledesic B...

  14. The loyalty of industrial clients of gas and electricity: the value rol and switching barriers; La fidelizacion de clientes industriales de gas natural y electricidad: El papel del valor recibido y las barreras al cambio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Acebron, C.; Vazquez Castelles, R.; Iglesias Arguelles, V.

    2007-07-01

    This paper deals with perceived value and loyalty in a B2 B environment taking account switching barriers. The Spanish energy market has been newly liberalized and many companies offer supply services of natural gas and electricity. The research examines the casual relations between perceived value and two dimensions of loyalty: repurchase intentions and price tolerance. Although our results indicate that suppliers achieve better repurchase intentions by providing value to their customers, they also show that this is insufficient when the aim is to increase customer price tolerance. In this case another moderating variable must be included: the switching barriers. (Author)

  15. Power-Law Entropy Corrected Ricci Dark Energy and Dynamics of Scalar Fields

    OpenAIRE

    Pasqua, Antonio(Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Via Valerio, No. 2, 34127 Trieste, Italy); Jamil, Mubasher; Myrzakulov, Ratbay; Majeed, Bushra

    2012-01-01

    Motivated by the holographic principle, it has been suggested that the Dark Energy (DE) density can be inversely proportional to the area $A$ of the event horizon of the universe. However, this kind of model would have a casuality problem. In this work, we study the power-law entropy corrected holographic DE (PLECHDE) model in the non-flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe, with the future event horizon replaced by the average radius of the Ricci scalar curvature. We derive the equation of ...

  16. FROM THE CHINESE PRESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Over 1.5 million women workers from 13,000 enterprises have joined the social coordinated system for child-bearing insurance funds in Zhejiang Province. The funds are paid by regular and contract workers and casual laborers from state-owned and collective enterprises and Chinese employees from joint ventures. The social labor insurance committees under the local governments at the city or county levels are in charge of the practical work for taking over the funds. The amounts of money each pays varies according to the different living standard and salary level in each area.

  17. The first Jeans Order at Canton Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maggie

    2008-01-01

    @@ Back to 1986,at the Autumn Fair,several jeans were casually scattered at a small exhibition booth,and a salesman stood nearby with an anxious look.This is Xiaobo,a professional worker from Guangdong Textile Import&Export Corporation,who was waiting for the market to testify the new jeans produced by them.Beyond his imagination,these jeans became the first Jeans made in Guangdong exporting to the USA.From scratch to the scaled jeans processing place,Guangdong jeans have already taken up 60 percent shares in today's jeans exporting market in China.

  18. Fibroma cemento-osificante mandibular: presentación de dos casos y revisión de la literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchís Bielsa, José María; Peñarrocha Diago, Miguel; Balaguer Martínez, José; Camacho, F.

    2004-01-01

    Presentamos dos casos clínicos de lesiones radiotransparentes mandibulares en mujeres jóvenes, que simularon patología infecciosa crónica periapical. En ambos el hallazgo fue casual puesto que no produjeron ningún tipo de sintomatología. En un caso se llegó al diagnóstico (tras la cirugía periapical y el estudio anatomo-patológico) después de realizar la endodoncia del diente implicado y comprobar la no resolución del área periapical. En el otro caso, cuya lesión abarcaba...

  19. Long-Term Follow-Up of Individuals Undergoing Sex-Reassignment Surgery: Somatic Morbidity and Cause of Death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rikke Kildevæld Simonsen, MA

    2016-03-01

    Conclusion: Of 98% of all Danish transsexuals who officially underwent SRS from 1978 through 2010, one in three had somatic morbidity and approximately 1 in 10 had died. No significant differences in somatic morbidity or mortality were found between male-to-female and female-to-male individuals. Despite the young average age at death and the relatively larger number of individuals with somatic morbidity, the present study design does not allow for determination of casual relations between, for example, specific types of hormonal or surgical treatment received and somatic morbidity and mortality.

  20. Comportamiento Sexual y Autoeficacia para la Negociación de Sexo Más Seguro en Personas Heterosexuales

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Jiménez, David; Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Serrano-García, Irma

    2009-01-01

    La autoeficacia se le ha identificado como uno de los factores que puede facilitar o dificultar llevar a cabo sexo más seguro. Estudios revelan que las personas que están el relaciones estables usan métodos de protección menos frecuente que quienes tienen parejas casuales. Realizamos un estudio con 447 personas heterosexuales activas sexualmente. Les administramos un cuestionario dirigido a medir el comportamiento sexual, el uso del condón masculino y la práctica de la masturbación mutua, y l...

  1. Life Sciences Division annual report, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes the research and development activities of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Life Sciences Division for the calendar year 1988. Technical reports related to the current status of projects are presented in sufficient detail to permit the informed reader to assess their scope and significance. Summaries useful to the casual reader desiring general information have been prepared by the Group Leaders and appear in each group overview. Investigators on the staff of the Life Sciences Division will be pleased to provide further information

  2. Severe mitral regurgitation due to an extraordinary heart defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Ropero, Álvaro; Cortés García, Marcelino; Aldamiz Echevarría, Gonzalo; Farré Muncharaz, Jerónimo

    2016-09-01

    A previously non-described cause of mitral regurgitation is presented. An asymptomatic 50-year old male who was casually diagnosed of mitral valve Barlow's disease underwent cardiac surgery due to severe mitral regurgitation. In the operating theatre, a longitudinal fissure of 1.5-2.0 cm length, along the posterior mitral leaflet, was found responsible for the insufficiency. This defect had features of a potential congenital origin and it was successfully repaired with direct suture. Whether it is an atypical mitral cleft, a variation of Barlow's morphology spectrum or a new congenital heart defect remains unclear. PMID:27217424

  3. Psychological knowledge in a colonial context: theories on the nature of the "native mind" in the former Dutch East Indies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pols, Hans

    2007-05-01

    This article analyzes the views of 3 Dutch physicians working in the former Dutch East Indies during the first part of the 20th century. These physicians based ideas about the nature of the normal indigenous psyche on both their analysis of Indonesian individuals suffering from mental illness and on casual observations that represented widely shared cultural stereotypes. On that basis, they advocated a psychological colonial policy, which was to be based on a scientific understanding of the psyche of the Indonesian people. Using these ideas, they advocated political repression, justified inequality and racism, and limited educational opportunities for Indonesians. Representatives of the Indonesian nationalist movement vigorously protested against these ideas. PMID:17645127

  4. Online resources for microRNA analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotis Alexiou

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of online tools for bioinformatics analyses is becoming increasingly widespread. Resources specific to the field of microRNAs are available, varying in scope and usability. Online tools are the most useful for casual as well as power users since they need no installation, are hardware independent and are used mostly through graphic user interfaces and links to external sources. Here, we present an overview of useful online resources that have to do with microRNA genomics, gene finding, target prediction and functional analysis.

  5. Jeanette Winterson: interrogating masculinity with violence.

    OpenAIRE

    Makinen, Merja

    2011-01-01

    Jeanette Winterson is known for the way she questions gender categories and confounds expectations of the feminine, from Villanelle’s active swashbuckling to the Dog Woman’s casual violence, from the unknown narrator of Written on the Body who rejects gendered identity to the fluid interplay of the narrator of The PowerBook shuffling between masculine and feminine via the engorged tulip, Winterson is someone we look to for texts that can unpack gender stereotypes. Her self-reflexive post mod...

  6. Life Sciences Division annual report, 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marrone, B.L.; Cram, L.S. (comps.)

    1989-04-01

    This report summarizes the research and development activities of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Life Sciences Division for the calendar year 1988. Technical reports related to the current status of projects are presented in sufficient detail to permit the informed reader to assess their scope and significance. Summaries useful to the casual reader desiring general information have been prepared by the Group Leaders and appear in each group overview. Investigators on the staff of the Life Sciences Division will be pleased to provide further information.

  7. Interactions in Generalized Linear Models: Theoretical Issues and an Application to Personal Vote-Earning Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsung-han Tsai

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available There is some confusion in political science, and the social sciences in general, about the meaning and interpretation of interaction effects in models with non-interval, non-normal outcome variables. Often these terms are casually thrown into a model specification without observing that their presence fundamentally changes the interpretation of the resulting coefficients. This article explains the conditional nature of reported coefficients in models with interactions, defining the necessarily different interpretation required by generalized linear models. Methodological issues are illustrated with an application to voter information structured by electoral systems and resulting legislative behavior and democratic representation in comparative politics.

  8. Influencia de la historia de España (del siglo XII al XIX) en el periodismo especializado en ciencia

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Carlos Elías

    2001-01-01

    El periodismo especializado en ciencia y tecnología en España no ha alcanzado los niveles de los países anglosajones. Ello se pone de manifiesto no sólo por la relativa ausencia de suplementos destinados a ciencia en los periódicos generalistas sino, sobre todo, por la ausencia de portales de Internet en los que se divulgue la ciencia en español así como los logros en este campo de la comunidad hispana. Pero esta circunstancia no es casual: es el producto de una historia, la de la ciencia en ...

  9. Einstein's Enigma of black holes in my bubble bath

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Einstein's Enigma or Black Holes in My Bubble Bath is a humorous and informal rendition of the story of gravitation theory from the early historic origins to the latest developments in astrophysics, focusing on Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity and black-hole physics. Through engaging conversations and napkin-scribbled diagrams come tumbling the rudiments of relativity, spacetime and much of modern physics, narrated with high didactic and literary talent, and each embedded in casual lessons given by a worldly astrophysicist to his friend. Join the intellectual fun and exalt in the frothy ideas while vicariously taking relaxing baths in this magical bathtub. (orig.)

  10. [Rheumatoid arthritis and combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández Casares, Marcelo; Fielli, Mariano; Cristaldo, Laura; Zárate, Lucía; Nieves Capozzi, María

    2015-01-01

    The combination of pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema is a syndrome described in the last years, which has its own characteristics and it is not only the casual association between the two entities. The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most common type of pulmonary fibrosis. However other interstitial lung diseases could be part of this syndrome. Among them is the connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease. We report a case of this syndrome associated with rheumatoid arthritis. It has the peculiarity that the connective disease became overt several years after the presentation of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema syndrome, which is infrequently reported in the literature.

  11. Translation and Comments on Bulrush in the Crowd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月

    2015-01-01

    Nida’s functional equivalence enjoys a great popularity among translation theories,which plays an indispensable role in the practices of translation.Bulrush in the Crowds is a lyric prose cloaked in melancholy atmosphere.This prose is written in simple but lively,vivid language.It is also highly readable,with flexible structures and various writing techniques.Short and condensed casual sentences are widely employed in this prose.Furthermore,it is good at using figure of speech.Thus,when translation is conducted,mood,structure,style and rhetorical devices should be taken into consideration.

  12. Translation and Comments on Bulrush in the Crowd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月

    2015-01-01

    Nida’s functional equivalence enjoys a great popularity among translation theories, which plays an indispensable role in the practices of translation. Bulrush in the Crowds is a lyric prose cloaked in melancholy atmosphere. This prose is written in simple but lively, vivid language. It is also highly readable, with flexible structures and various writing techniques. Short and condensed casual sentences are widely employed in this prose. Furthermore, it is good at using figure of speech. Thus, when translation is conducted, mood, structure, style and rhetorical devices should be taken into consideration.

  13. Elementary analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Snell, K S; Langford, W J; Maxwell, E A

    1966-01-01

    Elementary Analysis, Volume 2 introduces several of the ideas of modern mathematics in a casual manner and provides the practical experience in algebraic and analytic operations that lays a sound foundation of basic skills. This book focuses on the nature of number, algebraic and logical structure, groups, rings, fields, vector spaces, matrices, sequences, limits, functions and inverse functions, complex numbers, and probability. The logical structure of analysis given through the treatment of differentiation and integration, with applications to the trigonometric and logarithmic functions, is

  14. What to wear? The influence of attire on the perceived professionalism of dentists and lawyers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnham, Adrian; Chan, Pui Shuen; Wilson, Emma

    2013-01-01

    Using a sample of 201 participants and a between-subjects design, the perceived professionalism—suitability, capability, ease to talk to and friendliness—of male and female dentists and lawyers in various attires was examined. Results showed an absolute preference for male dentists and lawyers in professional and formal attire, respectively. Male dentists and lawyers in professional and formal attire were further rated as more suitable, capable, easier to talk to, and friendlier than female professionals, and than those dressed in smart or casual attire. Results are discussed in terms of positive dental outcomes and legal representation. Limitations are considered. PMID:25308993

  15. Diet serum cholesterol and coronary diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narindar Nath

    1961-07-01

    Full Text Available The probable sequence of events leading to atherosclerotic disease of the coronary artery and heart attack are briefly described. Blood cholesterol as a casual agent in atherosclerosis and how blood cholesterol can be modified are discussed. The effects of various dietary components particularly quality and quantity of fat and protein on the blood cholesterol concentration are discussed and it is emphasized that more work needs to be done to ascertain the role of individual components of the diet and their relative importance in atherogenesis.

  16. Fear of AIDS and suicide in Finland: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aro, A R; Henriksson, M; Leinikki, P;

    1995-01-01

    This review presents data on HIV epidemiology and suicide mortality, and summarizes studies on fear of AIDS in completed suicides in Finland. Finland has a low prevalence of HIV and a high suicide mortality. A 12-month nationwide suicide population, 1987-88 (n = 1397, all HIV negative) at the time...... of a sensational media campaign against HIV included 28 (2%) cases with fear of AIDS as a contributing factor. Triggers of fear could be classified in 20 cases: persistent symptoms in 10, casual sex contacts in eight, and a TV programme in two. The AIDS fear cases were younger, had more major depression and more...

  17. Methods for association mapping using multiple population data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kadri, Naveen Kumar

    This thesis forcused on comparing methods for associationg genetic marker with variation in phenotypes in structured populations. It also focuses on the application of these methods in mapping/fine-mapping QTL affecting production, fertility and mastitis in five breeds of dairy cattle. The most...... significant achievement os this PhD study is the identification of a large deletion (660 kb) on BTA20 as the casual polymorphism reducing fertility in Red dairy cattle. The deletion is embryonic lethal when homozygous, yet segrerates at high frequency because of the associated positive effekt on production...

  18. Las lecciones del Volcán Nevado del Ruiz a los 20 años del desastre de Armero

    OpenAIRE

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2005-01-01

    Agradezco este inmerecido honor y asumo el compromiso de hablar en nombre de quienes tuvimos la casual oportunidad de inmiscuirnos desde Manizales en los acontecimientos que ahora nos congrega, sobre las consecuencias en Armero y Chinchiná con motivo de la erupción del Volcán Nevado Ruiz ocurrida el 13 de noviembre de 1985, al señalar las lecciones aprendidas y obtenidas de reflexionar sobre las causas del desastre natural más importante de Colombia, pues se trata de los efectos de los flujos...

  19. Mastering concurrency in Go

    CERN Document Server

    Kozyra, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    A practical approach covering everything you need to know to get up and running with Go, starting with the basics and imparting increasingly more detail as the examples and topics become more complicated. The book utilizes a casual, conversational style, rife with actual code and historical anecdotes for perspective, as well as usable and extensible example applications. This book is intended for systems developers and programmers with some experience in either Go and/or concurrent programming who wish to become fluent in building high-performance applications that scale by leveraging single-c

  20. Is the Offer Price in IPOs Informative? Underpricing, Ownership Structure, and Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando, Chitru S.; Srinivasan Krishnamurthy; Paul A. Spindt

    2002-01-01

    When firms go public in an IPO, they must choose a number of shares to offer and a price level for those shares. Given an estimated total value, this division would seem to have little economic significance. Casual empiricism and the evidence from stock splits, however, suggest that firms do not choose their IPO share price level arbitrarily. We ask whether IPO prices are informative, in the sense that they relate systematically to other choices made by the firm and to firm characteristics. W...

  1. To young oncological physicians Speech of "academic conference for 2008 CSCO oncological progress and the 50th anniversary of the founding of cancer center of Tongji Hospital" (June 7,2008 Wuhan,China) by Prof.Fazu Qiu%寄语青年肿瘤医师——裘法祖教授在"2008年CSCO肿瘤学进展暨同济医院肿瘤学科成立五十周年学术大会"上的讲话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Distinguished president, every delegate and fellow physicians, Today,I'd like to talk with you casually because I don't want to be confined by a lecture.I am already 94 years old now.I graduated in 1939.Up to now,I have been working as a doctor for nearly 70 years.In these years,I've got a lot of feelings,a lot of experiences and a lot of reflections.I am prepared to stress three points.

  2. Autismo y cálculo I: ¿Tiene sentido realizar una intervención de este tipo?

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Fuertes, Oliva

    2005-01-01

    Son pocos los profesionales que trabajan con niños con autismo, los que se han interesado por introducir en su instrucción aspectos esenciales de las matemáticas, como la noción de número o el conteo, algo que no es casual: cualquier educador que haya trabajado con niños autistas sabe que esto no es una tarea fácil. Sin embargo, si concebimos la educación como un valioso instrumento para la integración, no podemos ser ajenos a la importancia que tienen las nociones elementales de las matemáti...

  3. Laying New Tracks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    How China’s railways are financed keeps market-reform wheels turning On December 7,four days after it listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange,China Railway Group Ltd.(China Railway)was listed in Hong Kong.Besides being the largest railway company in China,it is the fourth listed joint stock railway company.It may not sound significant to the casual observer,but the listing of China Railway indicates a speeding up of reform in the Chinese railway market.

  4. Acumulación de daño y redistribución de los esfuerzos en materiales reforzados con fibras

    OpenAIRE

    Anatoli S. Ovchinsky; Pedro Tamayo Meza; Juan M. Sandoval-Pineda; Luis A. Flores-Herrera; Alejandro Álvarez Zapata

    2013-01-01

    Se analiza el proceso de fractura de materiales compuestos, considerando la interacción de diferentes factores que tienen un carácter muy particular. La resistencia a la ruptura de las fibras, la resistencia localizada de la matriz y la fuerza de adherencia entre la fibra y la matriz, por lo general varían de manera substancial y, además, la distribución del reforzamiento es errática y casual. Analíticamente la interacción entre estos imprevisibles factores durante la fractura del compuesto n...

  5. La mímesis artística como acontecimiento ontológico en la hermenéutica de Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Belén, Paola

    2012-01-01

    Sobre los cimientos de la hermenéutica ontológica Hans-Georg Gadamer realiza, en su obra Verdad y método (1960), una fundamentación filosófica de la experiencia hermenéutica. Su “Elucidación de la cuestión de la verdad desde la experiencia del arte” en el comienzo del libro no es casual ni arbitrario, puesto que su posibilidad es fundamental para explicitar la naturaleza del fenómeno hermenéutico, propósito general de la obra. Desde la mirada gadameriana la verdad del arte es una experi...

  6. ["Signs for the whole rest of the life". The house as symbol and autobiographical substrate in letters, dreams and literary texts by by Anna Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spreitzer, Brigitte

    2015-01-01

    The house as object and symbol preoccupied Anna Freud from childhood onwards. This article traces these ideas in letters, autobiographical documents and literary texts. It focuses on the phantasmal construction of a dream house; on the organisation, loss and later efforts to recover Hochrotherd; on casual birthday poems dedicated to Anna, praising the country house, as well as on the purchase of a weekend cottage in Walberswick reflected in dreams related to the process of inner detachment from the dead father. A fluent interchange between reality and imagination comes into focus, high- lighting the dimension of inwardness rather than that of biographical reality.

  7. Dirty German everyday slang

    CERN Document Server

    Chaffey, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    GET D!RTYNext time you're traveling or just chattin' in German with your friends, drop the textbook formality and bust out with expressions they never teach you in school, including:•Cool slang•Funny insults•Explicit sex terms•Raw swear wordsDirty German teaches the casual expressions heard every day on the streets of Germany:•What's up?Wie geht's?•I'm smashed.Ich bin total angeschickert.•Fuckin' Munich fans.Scheiß München Fans.•That shit reeks.Das riecht aber ü

  8. Qualitative research methods in Software Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Anya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the investigation of Software Engineering coexist two different research methods: 1 the quantitative that try to measure and analyze the casual relationship between the variables in a frame with free values, and 2 the qualitative that examine the creation process of meanings from which is generated new theorems or improve. Apply this methods separately in the research in software engineer makes evident that obtain results are incomplete and so is difficult to choose definitively wit which of them embark in a specific research. To approach this problem, in this article are described the quantitative methods as research methods to this engineer, and described its benefits and difficulties.

  9. Einstein's genius club the true story of a group of scientists who changed the world

    CERN Document Server

    Feldman, Burton

    2011-01-01

    As World War II wound down and it became increasingly clear that the Allies would emerge victorious, Albert Einstein invited three close friends-all titans of contemporary science and philosophy-to his home at 112 Mercer Street in Princeton, New Jersey, to discuss what they loved best-science and philosophy. His guests were the legendary philosopher and pacifist, Bertrand Russell; the boy wonder of quantum physics, Wolfgang Pauli; and the brilliant logician, Kurt Gödel. Their casual meetings took place far from the horrific battlefields of the war and the (then) secret lair of exp

  10. Gamification and serious games for personalized health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCallum, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Computer games are no longer just a trivial activity played by children in arcades. Social networking and casual gaming have broadened the market for, and acceptance of, games. This has coincided with a realization of their power to engage and motivate players. Good computer games are excellent examples of modern educational theory [1]. The military, health providers, governments, and educators, all use computer games. This paper focuses on Games for Health, discussing the range of areas and approaches to developing these games. We extend a taxonomy for Games for Health, describe a case study on games for dementia sufferers, and finally, present some challenges and research opportunities in this area. PMID:22942036

  11. The two dimensions as a metaphor of control in gaming landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Gandolfi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the 3D is the main setting of the core game language. The engines that structure it are in the heart of economic discourses that cross the entire game industry. Compared to this, 2D (including the perspective visual becomes a sort of nostalgic totem, able to account itself only in indie productions, on portable and/or low hardware and in famous sagas that use it as distinctive mark. But 2D is not only a residual, resistant memory characterized by an opposition to mainstream patterns in digital entertainment; again, it’s not a mere simplification in gameplay in order to meet casual gamers’ preferences.

  12. Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Kremer, Michael

    2015-09-01

    A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls' dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government's HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes. PMID:26523067

  13. Gamification and serious games for personalized health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCallum, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Computer games are no longer just a trivial activity played by children in arcades. Social networking and casual gaming have broadened the market for, and acceptance of, games. This has coincided with a realization of their power to engage and motivate players. Good computer games are excellent examples of modern educational theory [1]. The military, health providers, governments, and educators, all use computer games. This paper focuses on Games for Health, discussing the range of areas and approaches to developing these games. We extend a taxonomy for Games for Health, describe a case study on games for dementia sufferers, and finally, present some challenges and research opportunities in this area.

  14. Increasing safer sexual behavior among Lao kathoy through an integrated social marketing approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longfield Kim

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although HIV prevalence has remained low in Laos thus far, there is reason to be concerned that Lao male-to-female (MtF transgender persons (kathoy and their partners may facilitate the spread of HIV. Little is known about how to most effectively reach kathoy with HIV prevention programming. This paper evaluates an intervention with Lao kathoy with the objective of increasing safe sex with regular and casual partners. Methods Quantitative surveys were administered in November 2004 (n = 288 and June 2006 (n = 415 using time location sampling at venues where kathoy were known to congregate. Respondents were aged 15-35 and from three urban centers in Laos. UNIANOVA tests were used to compare baseline and follow-up survey data and to evaluate the impact of PSI's kathoy-specific interventions on items that changed significantly over time. Results Exposure to the intervention was associated with higher levels of condom use at last anal sex with casual partners and greater use of water-based lubricant. Exposure was also linked to improved perceptions of product availability for condoms and water-based lubricant. Knowledge about the importance of consistent condom use improved over time as well as the need to use condoms with regular partners. Some HIV knowledge decreased over time and the intention to use condoms with casual partners when water-based lubricant is available also declined. Conclusions Study results demonstrate the feasibility of reaching kathoy with an integrated social marketing approach; combining product promotion, peer education, and other types of interpersonal communication. The approach was successful at increasing condom use with casual partners and water-based lubricant use, but the importance of using condoms along with water-based lubricant must be emphasized and modified strategies are required for improving condom use with boyfriends. Future messages should emphasize consistent condom use with all types

  15. 写字楼里吹起"休闲风"--90%中国白领渴望工作时着休闲装

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛蝶

    2006-01-01

      日前,一向关注中国消费者市场的美国国际棉花协会(COTTONUSA)公布了其最近在中国六大城市(北京、上海、广州、武汉、成都和杭州)所做的"2005年中国白领时尚购买行为调查"的结果并联合b+ab、Benetton、Sisley、Ashworth、Pacino,NAUTICA、Zegna等展示了本季最"热"的主题--Smart Casual.……

  16. 写字楼里吹起"休闲风"--90%中国白领渴望工作时着休闲装%Leisure trend in office

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛蝶

    2006-01-01

    @@ 日前,一向关注中国消费者市场的美国国际棉花协会(COTTONUSA)公布了其最近在中国六大城市(北京、上海、广州、武汉、成都和杭州)所做的"2005年中国白领时尚购买行为调查"的结果并联合b+ab、Benetton、Sisley、Ashworth、Pacino,NAUTICA、Zegna等展示了本季最"热"的主题--Smart Casual.

  17. El cuerpo: ausente con aviso

    OpenAIRE

    Ambrosini, Norma; Stocco, Diego; Pons, Vanina

    2011-01-01

    El irónico título se basa en la tradicional forma de cuantificar al 'cuerpo presente' en el aula o participando de una clase. No es casual que los responsables de este texto hayan sacado de los convencionalismos el camino de 'enseñar' para comprender que no sería suficiente el abordaje de estos nuevos cuerpos, niños, adolescentes, medios de comunicación e intereses, sin profundizar en el origen de dichas consecuencias, habiendo atravesado un largo camino dotado de ineficiencias, de desgano pe...

  18. Estructuras de pensamiento complejo en el aula, a partir del desarrollo de conceptos y categorías fundamentales

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Moreno, María Teresa; Pérez Alcázar, Jorge Augusto; Redondo, Johan Manuel; Carreño, Diana Maria; Avellaneda Fuentes, Sandra Milena; Ospina Jáuregui, Ángela

    2012-01-01

    Este documento es el producto del trabajo de un grupo interdisciplinario de investigación de la Universidad EAN, cuyo propósito es el de contribuir con la formación de los estudiantes que están iniciando su carrera profesional. El objetivo principal de este texto es desarrollar en los estudiantes el pensamiento complejo a través del estudio de casos, la utilización de diagramas casuales y la construcción de un proyecto personal que les permita ser estrategas competentes a nivel empresarial, a...

  19. Nadir Afonso e o abstraccionismo geométrico

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Carlos Alberto Eirão

    2004-01-01

    Tese de mestrado em Teorias da Arte apresentada à Universidade de Lisboa, através da Faculdade de Belas Artes, 2004 Abstract expressionism/art is not a consequence of a casual act, it is rather the result of a new way of thinking and representing the real world. As far as the Portuguese case is concerned, Nadir Afonso is one of the first authors to do it in a conscious mould, first through his technical contribute then with his theoretical reflections on the aesthetic experience. Being an ...

  20. The Global View on Port State Control

    OpenAIRE

    Knapp, Sabine; Franses, Philip Hans

    2006-01-01

    textabstractThis report is the second part of a PhD project entitled "The Econometrics of Maritime Safety – Recommendations to Enhance Safety at Sea" which is based on 183,000 port state control inspections and 11,700 casualties from various data sources. Its overall objective is to provide recommendations to improve safety at sea. The second part looks into the probability of detention across several port state control regimes while the third part looks at the effect of inspections on casual...