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Sample records for castillos rocha uruguay

  1. Geology of Sierra de San Miguel area Rocha department (Uruguay)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muzio, R.; Veroslavsky, G.; Morales, E. . E mail: rossana@fcien.edu.uy

    2004-01-01

    This paper is part of a regional study about Mesozoic magmatism, tectonics and sedimentation in Uruguay. As a result of the geological studies carried out in Sierra de San Miguel area (Rocha department), lithological descriptions, their stratigraphic relationships and their petrographic characterization are presented [es

  2. Evaluation of Aguas Dulces Black sands reserves, Rocha, Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, L.; Bossi, J.; Maldonado, S.; Schipilov; Campal, N.

    2003-01-01

    Black sands data in Aguas Dulces (Rocha) studied by ANCAP during 60 were reanalyzed with geological criterion in order to redefine the prefactibility of economic explotation with the present infrastructure and world market conditions.The sand deposits is limited between a high slope palaeocost and the ocean, with medium depth of 10m and 2% of useful minerals:ilmenite, rutile, monazite and zircon.Mineral reserves expressed in thousands of tons are of 3 kinds:proved (3.600), probable (5.500) and possible (16.000=.Demonstrated reserves (proved + probable) allow to estimate a value of U$S 650 million, taking in account year 2000 prices. A factory to process about 7 millions ton of raw sand needs an investment of U$S 13 million and will produce a sale of U$S 8 million per year

  3. El modelo actual de desarrollo turístico al oeste del balneario La Paloma, Rocha, Uruguay. Tendencias, riesgos y propuestas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Gadino

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the development model of the Atlantic coast of Uruguay and its capacity to preserve relevant ecosystem services. The chosen study area was Playa Solari – Barra, one of the most important touristic spots of Uruguay (located in Laguna de Rocha, Rocha, Uruguay. This coastal zone has experienced important territorial changes during the last decades, with conflicts arising among traditional urban development for beaches, the recent strategies of rural-coastal tourism and natural and cultural heritage conservation strategies. The results show that the strong process of urban consolidation is negatively affecting the most important economic resources and ecosystem services in the study area, particularly those that directly promote touristic activities. For the last five years, the trend of urban development seems to point out towards an increase of the observed negative effects. Based on that evidence, this paper proposes specific strategies, particularly a new land use model, to revert negative impacts.

  4. Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    Uruguay, officially "The Oriental Republic of Uruguay," is a country of 176,215 sq km with a temperate climate and a good water supply, which contributed to the emergence of stock raising as the economy's traditional base. 1.31 million of the country's 2,940,200 people live in Montevideo, the capital and only large city. The population is 85%-95% white and 66% Roman Catholic. The dominant culture and official language is Spanish, although 25% of the people are of Italian origin. The annual population growth is only 0.5%, due to a low birth rate and large net outmigration. Infant mortality in 1986 was 27.1/1000, and life expectancy was 73 years. Literacy is 96%, due to an extensive system of public and private education. There is a large, urban middle class, which enjoys a high standard of living. 22% of the work force is in industry, 21% in government, 15% in commerce, and 28% in services. The 1986 gross domestic product was $6.2 billion, per capita $1701. The annual growth rate is now 6.3%, which is an upturn from the generally stagnant economic conditions of the last 30 years. 1986 exports were $834 million (mainly meat, wool, hides, and leather goods); imports were $870 million. Inflation averages 76.4%, and 270 pesos=$1.00. The major economic problem is managing the huge external debt of almost $5.4 billion. In 1987 Uruguay reached a debt rescheduling agreement with creditor banks and the International Monitary Fund, stretching out repayment dates through 2004. Exchange rates were allowed to float in 1982, and the country is trying to reduce the burden of the excessively large government sector through various privatization schemes. Uruguay has also been working with Argentina and Brazil toward integrating their economies. The only aboriginal inhabitants of Uruguay were the Charrua Indians. In 1811 Jose Gervasio Artigas led Uruguay's revolt against Spain, and total independence was achieved in 1828. Jose Batlle y Ordonez, who served as president from 1903 to

  5. Determinación de Glifosato mediante inmunoensayo enzimático (ELISA en el Paisaje Protegido Laguna de Rocha y su entorno, Uruguay.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Nardo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En el entorno de la Laguna de Rocha se ha visto incrementada la superficie dedicada a las actividades agrícolas con un mayor uso de plaguicidas, entre ellos el herbicida glifosato, usado en cultivos de soja principalmente. Mediante la utilización de técnicas de inmunoensayo enzimático (ELISA, se investigó la presencia de glifosato en la Laguna y algunos de sus afluentes en dos momentos específicos de tiempo. Se detectó glifosato en 27 de las 28 muestras estudiadas. Muestras positivas por ELISA fueron confirmadas por cromatografía iónica. El método ELISA demostró ser una herramienta de screening adecuada para determinar la presencia de glifosato en agua.

  6. Vínculos para la gestión: dinámicas socio-institucionales y perspectivas para el manejo integrado de la pesca artesanal en Laguna de Rocha (Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Lagos Miranda

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El área protegida Laguna de Rocha es un importante sitio para la conservación de la biodiversidad del Uruguay y alberga una de las comunidades de pescadores artesanales más antiguas del pais. En el marco del Manejo Costero Integrado, este trabajo analiza las dinámicas y vínculos socio-institucionales en el area protegida, en su trayectoria de conformación y en torno a la pesca artesanal del lugar. Asimismo, se discute como estos procesos y las características del sistema de gobernanza, permiten evaluar las capacidades del sector para el desarrollo de instrumentos de gestión integrada, tales como la certificación de pesquerías. La conformación del área protegida muestra un proceso de innovación socionstitucional que permitió la consolidación de una red de actores robustecidos para su gestión. El sistema de gobernanza del área, los vínculos de alta intensidad y los aprendizajes de 20 años de experiencias en torno a la conservación del área, potencian las capacidades para promover un proceso de certificación pesquera adecuado al contexto local. Sin embargo, las mayores limitantes se encuentran en la falta de voluntad a nivel gubernamental para politicas de largo plazo, debilidad en los mecanismos de comunicación y el desconocimiento del potencial de este tipo de instrumentos.

  7. Anomalies jointing in the Laguna Blanca area (Rocha district) about of radiometric anomaly sector with thorium characteristic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lara, P.

    1986-01-01

    In the following lines are sumarized the prospection works carried out on anomalous radiometric sectors located at the Department of Rocha (Uruguay) Its toriferous feature and the likely metallogenetic model to which they are associated are also developed

  8. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Chafalote Sheet D-26

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masquelin, H; Tabo, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Chafalote) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. The area corresponding to Chafalote is located in central and eastern metamorphic formation constituted by Lavalleja-Rocha group

  9. Uruguay report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quintanilla, R.

    1988-01-01

    The best ancients rocks in Uruguay are composed by the crystalline shield. In this shield are recognised two big units. The Rio de la Plata insular shelf and the Atlantic zone insular shelf. The geological post-cambrian environment is determined by the deposit basins and the basaltic plateau.

  10. Geo Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-06-01

    This book is based on the Geo Uruguay project which consists on the analysis and diagnosis of the environmental impact in the human welfare. The main topics covered in the different chapters are: human welfare, geographical aspects, climate change, transport and energy, changes in land use, coastal features, biodiversity, industrial urbanization, waste and territorial ordering, energy offers like oil, wood, natural gas, coal and electricity

  11. El castillo mágico

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Bermúdez, Juan Manuel; Mena Vásquez, Carlos Enrique; Fuentes Choto, Francisco Jesús; Benitez Cabrera, José del Tránsito; Salgado Roldán, Álvaro Hugo Álvaro Hugo; Posada, Ulises; Carvajal, Mima Pérez

    2004-01-01

    El presente es un PROYECTO DE EDUCACIÓN EN SALUD AMBIENTAL titulado "El Castillo Mágico", realizado por Médicos del Hospital Nacional de Niños Benjamín Bloom que cursan el Diplomado en Educación Superior en Salud de la Universidad Evangélica de El Salvador (UEES), promoción 2002, válido como trabajo de graduación. Tiene como propósito que a través de actividades recreativas los niños(as) que consultan a este hospital, se conviertan en personas susceptibles de participar en forma positiva y ac...

  12. El Castillo de Chipiona (Cádiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Alba Romero, Margarita

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a synthesis of the archaeological investigations carried out in Chipiona’s Castle (Chipiona, Cadiz during the year 2007, mainly focused on the analysis of its initial structures. The stratigraphical research and the standing structures analysis show the constructive evolution of a complex medieval-modern building currently in use. Although its building typology reflects a defensive building, traditionally identified as «Castle», the archaeological remains seems to be actually a «Tower», «House-tower» or «Fort-House».En este artículo presentamos una síntesis de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el Castillo de Chipiona (Chipiona, Cádiz durante el año 2007 centradas fundamentalmente en el análisis paramental de sus estructuras embrionarias. La lectura estratigráfica y el estudio murario mostraron la evolución constructiva de un edificio polifásico de origen bajomedievalmoderno en uso hasta la actualidad. Aunque su tipología constructiva responde a la de un edificio defensivo tradicionalmente identificado como «Castillo» sin embargo parece responder más bien al esquema tradicional de «Torre», «Casa-Torre» o «Casa-Fuerte».

  13. People first in the Philippines: Gelia Castillo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yabes, C

    1995-01-01

    Gelia Castillo, a specialist in rural sociology whose ideas have influenced policymakers in government, international development circles, and academe, pioneered the concept of participatory development. Born into a poor family, her father convinced her that academic achievement was the key to her future; her academic training includes a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of the Philippines, a Master's in rural sociology from Pennsylvania State University, and a Doctorate from Cornell University. She served as professor of rural sociology at the College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, and published extensively on women's roles, the sex roles of Filipino adolescents, agricultural school administration, the team approach in community development, rice and potato farming, the changing social images in a developing society, and the protein gap. "Beyond Manila," her most famous book, was the first comprehensive research work on income distribution, employment, labor, education, and migration in the rural Philippines. She underscored the definition of "household" and observed that the role of women and children contributes greatly to the dynamics of society. Her husband, Leopoldo Castillo, an animal nutritionist who is now professor emeritus at the Institute of Animal Science, has long supported his wife's career. The mother of two daughters and one son was the only female member of the board of the International Potato Center for 6 years and served on the boards of the IDRC, the International Service for National Agriculture Research, and the International Council for Research in Agroforestry. At 66, and retired, she believes affirmative action is necessary and that the feminist movement has only helped professional women.

  14. Las tecnicas literarias de Othon Castillo en "La cruel naturaleza" (The Literary Techniques Used by Othon Castillo in "Cruel Native")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Richard F.

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the style of the Ecuadorian novelist Othon Castillo and the literary techniques used in his novel "Cruel Nature." The novel describes the cities of Quito and Santa Ana in Ecuador and their inhabitants. (Text is in Spanish.) (TL)

  15. Un Ecce Homo de Antonio del Castillo en Granada

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    Montes González, Francisco

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The author presents a previously unknown painting by the Baroque artist from Cordoba, Antonio del Castillo y Saavedra. It is an Ecce Homo, a late work, and located in a private collection in Granada.Este artículo presenta el último aporte en el catálogo del pintor barroco cordobés Antonio del Castillo y Saavedra. Se trata de un lienzo con la iconografía del Ecce Homo, perteneciente a su última etapa artística, localizado en una colección particular de Granada.

  16. The Chicana Subject in Ana Castillo's Fiction and the Discursive Zone of Chicana/o Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Benjamin D.

    2007-01-01

    In the world of Chicana fiction, Ana Castillo has achieved the kind of status Maxine Hong Kingston has attained within Asian American discourse. Castillo's work is popular not only with the general reading public but in many academic circles as well. What sets Castillo apart from so many other Chicana fiction writers is that she is also a…

  17. Cerámicas prerromanas del castillo de Aroche (Huelva)

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Jiménez, Timoteo; Romero Bomba, Eduardo; Pérez Macías, Juan Aurelio; Martín Blanco, Carlos J.

    2010-01-01

    Se estudia en este trabajo un conjunto cerámico de época prerromana registrado en las excavaciones del castillo medieval de Aroche (Huelva)._________________________In this work are presented the preroman pottery registered in the archaeological excavation made in the medieval castle of Aroche (Huelva, SW Spain), near to Reina's Gate.

  18. Uruguay in International Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Sergeevich Andreev

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the foreign policy of the leftist government of Uruguay at the beginning of the XXI century. Latin America is an important actor in the process of creating a multipolar world, and Uruguay becomes one of the political and economic centers of the continent. One of the important political processes in South America is a regional integration which has many forms. This article shows the main areas of Uruguay diplomacy in various integration formations of the region. Based on the analysis of the program of the third government of “Broad Front” article shows the goals and objectives of the country in the processes of regional integration, the problems and prospects of these processes. The author notes that the Government of Uruguay is looking for creating common political and economic institutions for the united Latin American continent. In the new political and economic conditions Uruguay becomes important partner for the BRICS countries as well as for the EU and the United States. The article shows the prospects for Uruguay in the BRICS in the context of changing the place of developing countries in the architecture of the global world, as well as in the context of the participation of ex-President Jose Mujica in the BRICS summit 2014. Currently, Uruguay is standing in front of a political choice, because the country has people who want the development of relations with the United States as economic partner and political center of the region. Also in Uruguay are supporters of the development of relations with the EU. The paper shows the tasks and objectives of Uruguay's foreign policy towards the US and the EU, as well as a place of Uruguay in the foreign policy of major actors of international relations. The article says the prospects for the foreign policy of Uruguay in the context of the presidential and parliamentary elections in 2014, a new government and the conservation status of Uruguay as a country of “left turn

  19. Uruguay - Surface Weather Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Surface weather observation forms for 26 stations in Uruguay. Period of record 1896-2005, with two to eight observations per day. Files created through a...

  20. Geology of Uruguay review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez Rifas, C.

    2011-01-01

    This work is about the Uruguay geology review.This country has been a devoted to breeding cattle and agriculture.The evolution of geological knowledge begun with Dr. Karl Walther who published 53 papers between 1909 and 1948.

  1. Radiactividad natural en la zona costera del departamento de Rocha, Uruguay

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    Ana Lía Noguera Rocha

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La costa este uruguaya posee una riqueza enorme de ecosistemas como ser dunas, mar, ríos, arroyos y aguas subterráneas, así como una inmensa variedad de fauna y flora. En dicha área están presentes además recursos minerales, los cuales incluyen yacimientos de arenas negras, con 7 millones de toneladas de metales pesados evaluados en el área de Aguas Dulces – Valizas. Estos yacimientos están compuestos entre otros minerales por 0.6 % of monacita. Como resultado están presentes todos los radionucleidos pertenecientes a la serie del 238U y del 232Th series.A los efectos de evaluar la transferencia de la contaminación radiactiva natural desde arena a otros compartimentos la actividad total alfa y beta fue determinada utilizando Analyzing miniscaler Ratemeter modelo PRS-5/STB-3, para arena, aguas subterráneas y vegetación (Hydrocotile bonariensis Lamarck del Balneario Valizas (34º 20´ 31.42” S y 53º 47´ 19.47” O. Todas las muestras fueron previamente tratadas, las muestras de arena fueron secadas, las aguas tratadas con HNO3, mantenidas a 4 º para su conservación y llevadas a sequedad, finalmente los vegetales fueron calcinados y las cenizas medidas. Fueron utilizados patrones de 238U y 232Th (IAEA RGU-1, RGTh-1. De las actividades específicas y de los coeficientes de transferencia obtenidospodemos concluir que los contaminantes radiactivos naturales migran de arena a otroscompartimentos. El coeficiente de transferencia de arena a H.bonariensis es el máselevado y está de acuerdo a los resultados previamente reportados en literatura. Losvalores obtenidos para aguas subterráneas están por debajo del límite de intervencióndeterminado para agua potable (0.55 Bq.l-1.

  2. Catálogo de Rochas de Timor-Leste

    OpenAIRE

    Nogueira, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Com este catálogo procura-se apresentar as características de algumas das rochas existentes em Timor-Leste e que se apresentam com potencial para exploração, quer como rochas ornamentais, quer como materiais de construção. Não se trata aqui de realizar um repertório exaustivo ou um levantamento detalhado das diversas ocorrências ou do seu potencial, mas tão-somente de ilustrar as possibilidades existentes em recursos minerais não-metálicos quer para eventuais investidores quer para o públi...

  3. IDRC in Uruguay

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC began supporting research in. Uruguay in 1976. The Centre's regional office has been based in the capital, Montevideo, since 1989. IDRC's assistance helped keep the flame of independent thought alive during the dictatorship of the 1970s and early 1980s. Indeed, with IDRC support, the Centro de Informaciones y ...

  4. Uruguay minerals fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, H.

    1967-01-01

    In this report the bases for the development of the necessary works of prospection are exposed on mineral fuels of Uruguay. We have taken the set from: coal, lutitas bituminous, uranium, petroleum and disturbs. In all the cases we have talked about to the present state of the knowledge and to the works that we considered necessary to develop in each case

  5. Cretacic tectonics in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez Rifas, C.

    2012-01-01

    This work is about Cretacic tectonics in Uruguay, this formation is characterized by high level cortex because the basament is cratonized since Middle Devonian. There were formed two main grabens such as Santa Lucia and Mirim-Pelotas which are filled with basalt and sediments.

  6. Uruguay mining inventory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    In the framework of the studies by the group DINAMIGE-BRGM it has carried out a programme about the Uranium prospection in Uruguay.The main resources used were: geologic mapping, radiometry, analysis and sampling of soils,alluvial and rocks, geophysical and perforations.The Uranium programme can be estimated on five or six years of duration

  7. El IDRC en Uruguay

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    en las curtiembres reutilizando soluciones químicas. La investigación en salud generó nuevo conocimiento sobre enfermedades tales como el dengue. Comercio y crecimiento económico. El Mercosur, acuerdo comercial de. Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay, con otros miembros asociados, coordina los esfuerzos ...

  8. Uruguay; 2011 Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This 2011 Article IV Consultation—Selected Issues paper focuses on estimating potential output and the output gap and spillovers from agriculture in the case of Uruguay. It introduces additional economic information and theory to estimate potential output, shedding some light on the discussion of current monetary and fiscal policies. The objective is to take advantage of economic data to disentangle the most recent economic performance by introducing multivariate techniques. The paper also pr...

  9. Uruguay; Recent Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes economic developments in Uruguay during the 1990s. Real GDP expanded on average by more than 4 percent a year in 1990–94 and fell by 2½ percent in 1995. The rapid growth of output during 1990–94 reflected buoyant external demand from Uruguay’s main trading partners (Argentina and Brazil), as well as progress in strengthening the public finances, reducing wage indexation, opening the economy, and curtailing government intervention. Consumer price inflation fell steadily fr...

  10. Traditional application of slates in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales Demarco, Manuela; Cardenes Van den Eynde, Víctor

    2017-04-01

    Commercial slates in Uruguay are represented by dolomitic and pelitic slates, which are known in the local market with the generic name of "piedra laja". The dolomitic slates, or more precisely the "slaty dolomitic semipelites" and "slaty dolomitic metacarbonate rocks" (following the nomenclature of the British Geological Survey for metamorphic rocks, Robertson 1999), dominates the production since 1960. The mining started in a quarry called "Libro Gigante", which means "giant book" in Spanish, as the slaty cleavage of these rocks is almost vertical, which resembles a book when looked from far away. These slates integrate the Lavalleja Group, a unit that comprises the schist belt of the Neoproterozoic Dom Feliciano Belt that crops out in south-eastern Uruguay. According to Morales Demarco et al (2013), there are two active slate mining districts in this region: the northern, called "Arroyo Minas Viejas Mining District", from where light grey, light and dark green and green-red slate varieties are mined, and the southern called "Arroyo Mataojo Mining District" and where only dark grey slates are extracted. Few kilometres eastern from these districts, and still in Lavalleja Group, a quarry of slaty dolomitic pelite is found with sporadic production. Far to the east, the slaty muscovitic pelites of Rocha Group are mined from one quarry in "Puntas del Chafalote". The traditional applications of these slates in the country are as façade cladding and floor slabs, both indoor and outdoor. The potential use of the dolomitic slates as roofing slates has been investigated and discarded by Morales Demarco et al (2013), as the slabs resulting from splitting are too thick (0.5 to 2 cm) and thus too heavy for this application. The parameter that controls the fissility of slates is the mass value (Bentz and Martini, 1968; DIN EN 12326-2, 2000) and is very important to determine their potential applications. It takes into account the number of mica layers per mm and the average

  11. Integrated coastal management in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    Integrated coastal management in Uruguay Carmelo includes the following areas-Nueva Palmira challenges and opportunities for local development in a context of large-scale industrial (Conchillas Uruguay), coastal management and stream Arroyo Solis Solis Chico Grande, Punta Colorada and Punta Negra, Maldonado Province Arroyo Valizas and sustainable tourism.

  12. Stele-menhir of Los Llanos (Castillo de Bayuela, Toledo

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    Alberto MORALEDA OLIVARES

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We present the finding, in the township of Castillo de Bayuela (Toledo of a granitic stone block with an antropomorphic figure engraved in it with schematic character. The piece lacks of an archaeological context, is difficult assigning it a precise chronology. Presumably it is a stele-menhir that we analyze it within the geographical area of the set in the Middle Tagus Basin and San Vicente Mountains.We suggest some interpretations and hypothesis about the posible dating and meaning while we are conscious that there are some constraints arising from the scant knowledge and rare documentation of that geographical zone. We can only with puntual findings and references wich can not allow definitive conclusions to be drawn on its chronology and function. However we believe the analysis of available data for this piece support the proposal for a partnership on the stele-menhirs and the funeral structures for the geografical area analyzed.

  13. Bernal Díaz del Castillo en Guatemala

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    Julio César Pinto Soria

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se ocupa de la hasta ahora poco investigada vida de Bernal Díaz del Castillo en Guatemala, país donde escribe la Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España en la segunda mitad del siglo xvi. La primera parte analiza la crónica, su importancia y principales ediciones críticas. La parte central se dedica a la relación de Bernal Díaz con la historia de Guatemala. Se aborda su comportamiento como encomendero, su vínculo con los indígenas y con el régimen colonial guatemalteco. La última parte profundiza en el cronista, las circunstancias y sus motivos para escribir la crónica, y en el lugar de esta en el imaginario cultural y político de Guatemala. En una posdata se hace referencia crítica a la obra de Christian Duverger (2012 que cuestiona a Bernal Díaz como autor de la crónica. Abstract  This article deals with the hitherto scarcely researched life of Bernal Díaz del Castillo in Guatemala, country where he wrote the True History of the Conquest of New Spain in the second half of the 16th century. The first chapter examines the chronicle, its importance and main critical editions. The Bernal Diaz’s relationship with the history of Guatemala is addressed in the main chapter, exploring his behavior as an encomendero, his link with the indigenous people and the Guatemalan colonial regime. The last chapter delves in the chronicler, the circumstances and his motivation for writing the chronicle, as well as its place in the cultural and political imaginary of Guatemala. As a PostScript, a critical reference to the work of Christian Duverger (2012, who questions Bernal Díaz as the author of the chronicle, is presented.

  14. Nietzsche y las izquierdas. Su recepción en las revistas de Abelardo Castillo

    OpenAIRE

    Noelia Billi

    2007-01-01

    Este artículo estudia la recepción del pensamiento de Nietzsche en las revistas literarias y de izquierdas dirigidas por Abelardo Castillo: El grillo de papel, El escarabajo de oro y El ornitorrinco.

  15. The geological map of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossi, J.; Ferrando, L.; Fernandez, A.; Elizalde, G.; Morales, H.; Ledesma, J.; Carballo, E.; Medina, E.; Ford, I.; Montana, J.

    1975-01-01

    The geological map of Uruguay is about the morphological characteristics of the soil such as rocks, sediments and granites belong to different periods. These periods are the proterozoic, paleozoic, permian, mesozoic, jurassic, cretaceous, cenozoic and holocene.

  16. La venta que él se imaginaba ser castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Estas líneas no quieren más que llamar la atención sobre algunas apariciones del infinitivo en El Quijote, en particular sobre el empleo de esta forma verbal en función de predicado de la subordinada implícita con valor de proposición completiva, subjetiva u objetiva. Es decir, constatar en la construcción de la subordinada completiva el uso de la implícita con el infinitivo respecto a la subordinada con la forma verbal explícita, aquella hoy en día por cierto mucho menos frecuente respecto al uso en las obras literarias de las épocas pasadas o casi inexistente, hoy, en la lengua hablada. Es necesario preguntarse si es lícito ver en este fenómeno la substitución de la estructura implícita de infinitivo con la subordinada que contiene el verbo explícito, como la ofrece, a diferencia del epígrafe del capítulo I, 16, citado en el título, el epígrafe del capítulo siguiente donde leemos: La venta que por su mal pensó que era castillo. Por lo tanto, nuestra atención está dedicada a averiguar si es posible sostener la convicción de que es la subordinada explícita la que ha sustituido la implícita, con el infinitivo, y no lo contrario.

  17. La democracia directa en Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo González Rissoto

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Describe la trayectoria de Uruguay como uno de los países del mundo con una larga y rica tradición en el uso de los institutos de democracia directa. En Uruguay plebiscito y referéndum son conceptos distintos. El plebiscito en el ordenamiento institucional uruguayo no constituye un instituto de democracia directa, sino simplemente una etapa, la última, en un proceso de reforma constitucional. En tanto el referéndum supone el ejercicio de un derecho previsto expresamente en la Constitución de la República, con la finalidad de intentar derogar o abrogar una norma de rango legal. Adiciona un cuadro o tabla donde se analiza el empleo de los institutos de democracia directa en Uruguay durante los últimos cincuenta y cinco años, que incluye también los plebiscitos.

  18. Conscientizacion of the Oppressed Language and the Politics of Humor in Ana Castillo's "So Far from God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thananopavarn, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between Ana Castillo's novel "So Far from God" (1993) and her development of an activist poetics inspired by Paulo Freire's influential 1970 treatise "Pedagogy of the Oppressed." "So Far from God" may be understood as the practical application of Castillo's theory of "conscienticized poetics"; that is, the…

  19. Mining inventory of Uruguay : Uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    With the aim of Uruguay Uranium prospecting in this document has been summarized the following items: lithostratigraphy, background, economics aspects, radiation measuring, geochemistry, geophysics in Yerba Sola, Magnolia, Paso Amarillo, La Mercedes, Puntas de Abrojal, Las Chircas, La Divisa, Chuy, Apretado and Frayle Muerto

  20. Rainwater composition in northeast Uruguay

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Zunckel, M

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim in this paper is threefold: firstly to gain an initial understanding of rainwater chemistry in the northeast of Uruguay; secondly to identify possible sources that contribute to its chemical composition; and thirdly to establish a baseline...

  1. The renewable energies in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This report is about the energetic politc and its strong commitment with the incorporation of autochthonous sources and renewable energy. The objective and the main lines of action in Uruguay are: provide electric power, wind, biomass, bioethanol, biodiesel, solar and hydroelectric power

  2. Performance of 'Rocha' and 'Santa Maria' pears as affected by planting density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus da Silveira Pasa

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of 'Rocha' and 'Santa Maria' pears at two planting densities. The experiment was carried out during the 2011/2012, 2012/2013, and 2013/2014 growing seasons, in one-year-old orchards (2011/2012 of 'Rocha' and 'Santa Maria' pears, trained in a central-leader system and planted in two densities (2,000 and 4,000 trees per hectare. The assessed parameters were: production per hectare, production per tree, yield efficiency, number of fruit per tree, average fruit weight, trunk diameter increment, fruit firmness, and soluble solid contents. The cumulative yield of 'Rocha' is greater at the higher planting density, whereas the yield efficiency of 'Santa Maria' increases at the lower planting density, as the trees get more mature. Trunk diameter of 'Rocha' also increases at the lower planting density. However, fruit quality parameters in both cultivars are little affected by planting density.

  3. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DE ROCHAS RESERVATÓRIO POR MICROTOMOGRAFIA DE RAIOS X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Palombo

    2015-10-01

    Este estudo propõe um procedimento para aquisição e processamento de imagens tridimensionais de amostras de rochas reservatório obtidas por MRX. A natureza 3D dos dados obtidos proporciona novas perspectivas para a avaliação da heterogeneidade das rochas e simulação do fluxo no meio poroso. A partir da análise digital de rochas, novos estudos poderão ser realizados aplicando-se a MRX como uma ferramenta para estudos de investigação sedimentológica/diagenética, caracterização da rocha reservatório e análise/modelagem de porosidade e permeabilidade.

  4. Aniversarios: José Camacho Carreño; Eduardo Castillo Gálvez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    1958-06-01

    Full Text Available En el documento se realiza sendas notas de conmemoración  del fallecimiento de don José Camacho Carreño y don Eduardo Castillo Gálvez. Esta pequeña nota tiene como fin realizar un homenaje a tan reputados miembros del círculo cultural del país.

  5. Los escudos de armas del Castillo de Portillo: una interpretación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Llorente, Félix

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the heraldry of the lineages binded to Portillo Castle from the reign of Enrique IV of Castilla (1454.

    El artículo estudia la heráldica los linajes vinculados al Castillo de Portillo, desde el reinado de Enrique IV de Castilla (1454.

  6. Area Handbook Series: Uruguay, A Country Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    liberalismo en el Uruguay. Montevideo: Universidad de la Repdblica, 1962. Arocena, Jos6. "El desarrollo de la pequefia y microempresa ," Cua- demos del...CIESU) and the Interdisciplinary Center of Development Studies, Uruguay (Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Desarrollo , Uruguay- CIEDUR). With the... de la Banda Oriental, 1982. Faroppa, Luis, Marisa Buchelli, Alberto Couriel, and Alberto Ben- si6n. Cuatro tesis sobre la situacidn econdmica nacional

  7. Uruguay; 2011 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that the growth momentum in Uruguay has continued into 2011 but a slowdown is under way, led by weaker exports and slower public investment. Uruguay’s economic and financial vulnerabilities are modest, and the government has reduced debt vulnerabilities significantly and built important financial buffers. Executive Directors have commended authorities’ skillful macroeconomic management that has underpinned Uruguay’s excellent economic performance, ...

  8. Uruguay; Financial System Stability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2013-01-01

    The buffers built in the aftermath of Uruguay’s 2002 banking crisis have shielded the financial sector from the effects of the global financial turmoil. Growth has been robust and the outlook continues to be favorable. However, inflation persists but capital inflows have improved, and policy measures have been taken in response. Uruguay exhibits no obvious signs of near-term domestic macrofinancial vulnerability. The external risks to the economy and the financial system come from a fragile g...

  9. Consume and reserves of limestone in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spoturno Pioppo, J.; Roth, W.; Gomez Rifas, C.; Heinzen, W.

    1980-01-01

    The Geologic Institute of Uruguay (I.GU) with the cooperation of the Cattle and Agriculture Ministere have been investigated the situation about the raw material supplying for the construction. This work intend to show the situation of the cement and lime industry in Uruguay.

  10. Uranium-series isochron dating at El Castillo Cave (Cantabria, Spain): The "Acheulean"/"Mousterian" question

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bischoff, J.L.; Garcia, Jose Francisco; Straus, L.G.

    1992-01-01

    A massive flowstone layer, Level 23, near the base of the stratigraphic sequence in El Castillo Cave (Cantabria, Spain), is dated by the uranium-series isochron method to 89+11/-10 ka bp. The flowstone separates cultural layers traditionally labelled "Mousterian" (above) and "Acheulean" (below). The date reported here, in association with other recent age determinations for "Mousterian" and "Acheulean" artifact assemblages in Western Europe, calls into question the temporal significance of these archaeological designations. In addition, it further underlies the importance of the Castillo cultural sequence and allows tentative discussion of changing rates of sedimentation in the vestibule of the cave, where some 18 m of cultural and geological deposits were laid down during the course of the Upper Pleistocene. ?? 1992.

  11. How the early voltage clamp studies of José del Castillo inform "modern" neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zottoli, Steven J

    2012-10-01

    The description of ionic currents that flow across the membrane of the squid giant axon during an action potential sparked an interest in determining whether there were similar currents in vertebrates. The preparation of choice was the node of Ranvier in single myelinated fibers in frog. José del Castillo spent 3 years on the United States mainland from 1956 to 1959. During that time, he collaborated with Jerome Y. Lettvin and John W. Moore. I discuss how these individuals met one another and some of their scientific discoveries using the voltage clamp to study squid giant axons and frog nodes. Much of this work was conducted at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA, and I attempt to convey a sense of the unique scientific "melting pot" that existed at the Marine Biological Laboratory and the broader effect that del Castillo had on "modern" neuroscience.

  12. A connection between the Neoproterozoic Dom Feliciano (Brazil/Uruguay) and Gariep (Namibia/South Africa) orogenic belts – evidence from a reconnaissance provenance study •

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basei, M.; Frimmel, H.; Nutman, A.; Preciozzi, F.; Jacob, J.

    2005-01-01

    A provenance study of Neoproterozoic siliciclastic successions in the stratigraphically and tectonically lowermost and uppermost parts of the Pan-African Gariep Belt (Stinkfontein Subgroup and Oranjemund Group, respectively) in southwestern Africa, as well as in the Rocha Group of the Punta del Este Terrane (Dom Feliciano Belt) in Uruguay, revealed that the Oranjemund and Rocha Groups can be correlated and most likely formed in the same basin. Thus the Rocha Group is considered to represent the fill of the westernmost part of a re-activated Vendian Gariep Basin. The lower parts of the Oranjemund and Rocha Groups reflect erosion of mafic rocks, whereas the upper parts are derived from a predominantly felsic source area. Oceanic islands of within-plate geochemistry in the immediate vicinity were the most likely source of the mafic input into the lower part of the Oranjemund Group, with most of the other sediments derived from a passive continental margin, i.e. the western margin of the Kalahari Craton. Age spectra obtained by U-Pb SHRIMP analyses of detrital zircon grains from the Stinkfontein Subgroup (Port Nolloth Group), the Oranjemund Group and the Rocha Group are very similar, except for a lack of the youngest age group around 600 Ma in the Stinkfontein Subgroup. In all three units, zircon grains of 1000 – 1200 Ma dominate, with a further peak in the age distribution between 1700 and 2000 Ma. These ages compare well with the pre-Gariep basement geology in southwestern Africa, where the former age range corresponds to magmatic and high-grade metamorphic activity in the Mesoproterozoic Namaqua-Natal Belt and the latter to an extensive Palaeoproterozoic Andean-type volcanic arc (Richtersveld Terrane). Comparable ages are conspicuously absent in the basement of the Rio de la Plata Craton in South America. Derivation of the Rocha Group sediments from a similar source as the contemporaneous Oranjemund Group sediments is therefore suggested. The most likely source of

  13. New radiocarbon dates for the transition from middle to upper palaeolithic at El Castillo (Cantabria)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valladas, H.; Cabrera-Valdes, V.; De Quiros, F.B.

    1996-01-01

    The stratigraphic sequence at the El Castillo cave in Cantabria, Spain, extends from Lower to Upper Palaeolithic. The transition from Middle to Upper Palaeolithic is represented by levels assigned to Quina Mousterian and Early Aurignacian. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Radiocarbon dates put the archaic Aurignacian industries at ca. 40,000 years ago and indicate that in northern Spain the Upper Palaeolithic began several millennia earlier than in other parts of western Europe. (authors). 16 refs., 1 tab

  14. Un tejido único Moche III del sitio Castillo de Santa: una escena de cosecha de yuca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available UN TISSU UNIQUE MOCHE III DU SITE EL CASTILLO DE SANTA : UNE SCÈNE DE RÉCOLTE DE YUCCA. Les fouilles archéologiques effectuées sur la terrase Est du site El castillo en juillet 2002, dans la vallée de Santa, ont conduit à la découverte de la tombe d'un enfant enroulé dans plusieurs textiles. L'un de eux est unique et illustre une scène de récolte d'une plante identifiée comme étant le manioc ou yucca. Le contexte archéologique indique un enterrement datant de la phase Moche III si on considère le contenu des remplissages entre les planchers sous et audessous de la tombe. Le textile est décrit dans son contexte et une discussion sur sa nature et les implications de son implications de son message sur l'économie Moche est amorcée Durante el mes de julio de la temporada 2002 en la terraza este del sitio El Castillo de Santa, encontramos la tumba de un niño envuelto con varios tejidos. Uno de ellos es único e ilustra una escena de cosecha de un planta identificada como la mandioca o yuca. El contexto arqueológico indica que se trata de un entierro fechado para la fase Moche III, basado en el contenido de los rellenos entre los pisos ubicados arriba y debajo de la tumba. Se describe el tejido en su contexto y se discute sobre su naturaleza y las implicancias en la economía Moche A UNIQUE MOCHE III TEXTILE FROM EL CASTILLO SITE OF SANTA: A HARVEST SCENE OF YUCCA. Archeological fieldwork carried out un July 2002 on terrace East at El Castillo site, Santa Valley, resulted in the discovery of a child burial wrapped in many textiles. One of them is unique. It represents a harvest scene of the plant identified as the manioc or yucca. The archeological context indicates a Moche III date for the burial based of the content of the fill between plastered clay floors from over and under the tomb. Description of the textile's context it followed by a discussion of its nature and possible implications on Moche economy

  15. Las Veliidae y Gerridae del Uruguay (Hemiptera The Veliidae and Gerridae from Uruguay (Hemiptera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia A. Mazzucconi

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Se citan por primera vez del Uruguay a Rhagovelia novana Drake, Microvelia mimula White (Veliidae, y Metrobates plaumanni plaumanni Hungerford (Gerridae; se agregan nuevos registros de las especies ya conocidas de este país. Con estas citas el número de especies conocidas del Uruguay es de tres de Veliidae y tres de Gerridae.Rhagovelia novana Drake, Microvelia mimula White (Veliidae, and Metrobates plaumanni plaumanni Hungerford (Gerridae are recorded for the first time from Uruguay; new records of the species already known from this country are added. Herewith the number of species known to occur in Uruguay is three of Veliidae and three of Gerridae.

  16. "Tales from the Brazilian Jungle": Antonio Rocha, Storyteller. Cue Sheet for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Elizabeth

    This performance guide is designed for teachers to use with students before and after a performance of "Tales from the Brazilian Jungle" with storyteller Antonio Rocha. The guide, called a "Cuesheet," contains four sheets for use in class. The first, "About the Performance," prepares students for understanding…

  17. Hydrogeologic characterization of devonian aquifers in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Massa, E.

    1988-01-01

    This article carried out the assistance research project implementation in devonian sedimentary units as a potentials aquifers and their best use to school supplying and rural population in central area of Uruguay.

  18. Iron minerals in Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Caorsi, J.

    1970-01-01

    The presence of iron ores in Uruguay has been carried out in this report the following: a mapping scale 1: 20 000,as well the realization of 1900 meters. of drilling and trenches and the analysis of 120 samples .

  19. Overview of the uranium prospecting in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rossi, P; Vaz Chaves, N.; Pirelli, H.

    1985-01-01

    The report is about Uranium prospection in Uruguay by DINAMIGE experts. They were explained the radioactive properties elements in Uranium and its importance as a fuel oil for electric energy generation

  20. Accelerator 14C dates for early upper paleolithic (basal Aurignacian) at El Castillo Cave (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdes, V.C.; Bischoff, J.L.

    1989-01-01

    Three fragments of charcoal taken from different parts of the lowermost bed containing Aurignacian artifacts at El Castillo Cave yielded AMS dates of 37??7 (?? 1??8) ka bp, 38??5 (?? 1??8) ka bp, and 40??0 (?? 2??1) ka bp (average 38??7 ?? 1??9 ka bp). These dates are almost identical to new AMS dates from l'Arbreda cave in Catalunya on the same cultural horizon (average 38??5 ?? 1??0 ka bp) and are significantly older than the earliest dates for Aurignacian industries in the Aquitaine and in other parts of Central and Western Europe. ?? 1989.

  1. Las fábricas del castillo de Almonaster la Real (Huelva)

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Jiménez, Timoteo; Romero Bomba, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Analizamos en el presente artículo las distintas fábricas de los paramentos del castillo de Almonaster la Real, realizando una propuesta de clasificación cronotipológica, y evolución constructiva del recinto, desde su construcción entre los s. X-XI hasta la actualidad In this paper are studied the constructive reforms in the castel of Almonaster la Real (Huelva province, SW Spain). We propound a chronotypological classification and constructive evolution of the enclosure, since its cons...

  2. Direct radiocarbon dates for prehistoric paintings at the Altamira, El Castillo and Niaux caves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valladas, H.; Cachier, H.; Maurice, P.; Arnold, M.; Quiros, F.B. de; Valdes, V.C.; Uzquiano, P.

    1992-01-01

    Among things that most strikingly distinguish modern humans from other hominids and the rest of the animal kingdom is the ability to represent things and events pictorially. Complex paintings of the type discovered in the Altamira, El Castillo, Niaux and Lascaux caves represent an important stepping stone in the cultural evolution of humankind. Until now dates were derived from style or dated remains left by prehistoric visitors and could be biased by prolonged occupation or visits unrelated to painting activity. Here we report the first radiocarbon dates for the charcoal used to draw stylistically similar bisons in these caves: 14,000 ± 400 yr BP in the Spanish caves of Altamira, 12,990 ± 200 yr BP in El Castillo, and 12,890 ± 160 yr BP for a bison of different style in the French Pyrenean cave of Niaux. Our results demonstrate the imprecise nature of stylistic dating and show that painting dates derived from remains of human activities should be used with caution. (Author)

  3. Bernal Díaz del Castillo, la memoria y la representación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Fischer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan los procedimientos narrativos que verosimilizan la versión de la historia que define Bernal Díaz del Castillo. Se analiza la función que en el total del relato cumplen los capítulos de largos listados que lo cierran y, especialmente, el capítulo CCVI, dedicado a los retratos indistinguibles de los capitanes españoles de la Nueva España. Se muestra cómo la memoria privilegiada del cronista está funcionando bajo el predicamento de una retórica -en este caso, la del retrato del héroe, de origen medieval- que disputa su lugar frente a la pretendida reconstrucción de la experiencia por la vía única de la memoria. This work analyse the narrative procedures which Bernal Díaz del Castillo uses to make his version of history appear to be probable. The function of the long lists at the end of the story and, especially of Chapter CCVI, containing the indistinguishable portraits of New Spain's Spanish capitains is explained. How the chronicler's privileged memory functions as a rhetorical category -in this case, that of the portrait of a medieval hero- who argues his case for the pretended reconstruction of an experience based only on memory is shown.

  4. Uruguay mining Inventory: Geochemical prospecting results of Valentines mapping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spangenberg, J.; Filippini, J.

    1985-01-01

    This work is about geochemical prospecting carried out into the Uruguay mining inventory framework. In this case the survey was in Valentines mapping. Florida, Durazno and Treinta y Tres provinces of Uruguay .

  5. United Nations programme for the assistance in Uruguay mining exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-01-01

    The Uruguay government asked for the United Nations for the development of technical assistance programme in geological considerations of the Valentines iron deposits. This agreement was signed as Mining prospect ion assistance in Uruguay.

  6. Scheme study of separation and concentration of heavy minerals from the black sand in Aguas dulces beach - Rocha

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mujica, H.; Marotta, L.

    1968-12-01

    This work is about a study of separation and concentration of heavy minerals from the black sand in Aguas dulces beach - Rocha. The beneficial minerals in that prospected zone are: ilmenite, zircon, rutile and monazite, associated with gangue minerals

  7. The Dom Feliciano belt (Brazil-Uruguay)and its fore land (Rio de la Plata Craton): framework, tectonic evolution and correlations with similar terranes of southwestern Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basei, M.; Siga, O.; Masquelin, H.; Harara, O.; Reis Neto, J.; Preciozzi, F.

    2000-01-01

    The Dom Feliciano Belt (DFB) stretches for ca. 1,200 km along southeastern Brazil and eastern Uruguay, with an average width of 150 km. From its northern limit in Santa Catarina to its termination m Uruguay, DFB is internally organized according three crustal segments characterized, from southeast to northwest, by a Granitoid belt (calci-alkaline to alkaline granitoid rocks deformed to different degrees); a Schist belt (volcano-sedimentary rocks metamorphosed from green schist to amphibolite facies), and a Fore land belt (sedimentary and anchimetamorphic volcanic rocks), the latter situated between the Schist belt and the old western terranes. Despite discontinuously covered by younger sediments, the continuity of these three segments is suggested by the similar lithotypes and structural characteristics, as well as by the gravimetric geophysical signature.In this work, DBF is interpreted as the product of successive subduction s and collisions related to the agglutination of different terranes generated or intensely reworked from the Neoproterozoic to the Cambrian, during the Brasiliano and Rio Doce orogenesis, with maximum time starting at 900 Ma (opening of the Adamastor Ocean) and ending at 530 Ma (deformation of the fore land basins) related to the tecto no-magmatic events associated with the formation of the Western Gondwana.Besides the Neoproterozoic DFB and its fore land, the Rio de la Plata Craton and the Luis Alves Microplate, constituted by Paleoproterozoic gneissic-migmatitic rocks, two other tectonic units can be recognized in southeastern Brazil and eastern Uruguay: the Sao Gabriel Block (RS) where Neoproterozoic juvenile material can be characterized in regional scale (in great part associated with an island are), and the Punta del Este Terrane, which presents, in southern Uruguay, an ortho gneiss basement with ages around 1,000 Ma and a meta sedimentary cover (Rocha Group), which can correspond in the South-American portion, to the Namaqua and Gariep

  8. Daniel Prieto Castillo y la utopía pedagógica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kintto Lucas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En la entrevista realizada a Daniel Prieto Castillo, éste afirma que entre lo que produce la cultura, las prácticas, los saberes y quienes están en situación de aprender siempre hay mediaciones sociales. Al opinar sobre la educación alternativa dice que hay una explosión de lo alternativo porque hay una explosión de la sociedad civil en todos, los campos. Discrepa de los programas infantiles como el dirigido por XUXA por su terrible violencia referida a la saturación de sonido de la animadora no hay silencio, pausa o respiro solo gritos, es de un manipuleo insoportable.

  9. Un manuscrito de la madre de Castillo: el llamado Cuaderno de Enciso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Achury Valenzuela

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available La Biblioteca Luis-Angel Arango cuenta, en su fondo de libros raros y manuscritos de valiosas obras originales de autores colombianos, con cinco cuadernos de la mano y pluma de la Venerable Madre Francisca Josefa de la Concepción de Castillo. Al tercero de estos cuadernos se le conoce con el nombre de Cuaderno de Enciso, porque nuestra ascética escritora trasladó o copió en un libro de cuentas, que fue de propiedad de su cuñado el gobernador don José de Enciso y Cárdenas, algunas poesías de numen ajeno y otras prosas igualmente de ajena minerva, que ciertamente le sirvieron a sor Francisca de fuente de inspiración para escribir tanto el libro de Su vida como el de sus Afectos Espirituales.

  10. ESCRITURA, IDENTIDAD Y MÍSTICA EN LA MADRE DEL CASTILLO LAS TRES GRACIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Valencia Villamizar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a la mística como el acceso a estados de consciencia acrecentados, una forma de lograr una experiencia directa de lo sagrado. La investigación se centra en la autobiografía de la monja tunjana, que vivió entre los siglos XVII y comienzos del XVIII, Francisca Josefa del Castillo y Guevara. Los ejes temáticos de este trabajo son la escritura, la construcción de la identidad y la mística cristiana. La mística busca integrar las dimensiones masculina (ánimus, racionalidad, jerarquía y femenina (ánima, intuición, cooperación de toda persona, ampliando las posibilidades neurolingüísticas, afectivas y perceptivas de cara a una evolución colectiva de la consciencia del ser humano.

  11. Habitar la ruina: intervención en el Castillo de Astley, en Warwickshire, Inglaterra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Mann

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El castillo de Astley, cerca de Nuneaton en las Midlands inglesas, era un complejo en ruinas resultante de ocho siglos de adiciones y tres décadas de decadencia. Cuando el Landmark Trust nos encargó la construcción de una casa que sacara el máximo partido a las preexistencias, decidimos construir en contacto directo con los restos, manteniendo su carácter ruinoso. Al hacerlo, nos enfrentamos a la delicada labor de buscar el equilibrio entre la crudeza de la ruina sin escala y la mesurada calidez de una vivienda. Respondimos a esta tensión mediante las características complementarias de la carpintería y las fábricas, amoldándonos a la complejidad de los restos recurriendo al rigor y a la inventiva de estas disciplinas constructivas.

  12. Iron and manganese deposits in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alvarado, B.

    1959-01-01

    This report is the results of the study carried out for the United Nations expert which the main object was: the study of the information available about iron and manganese formation in Uruguay, as well as the main researching deposit to determinate economical possibilities in the exportation.

  13. Uruguay valitsus hakkab riiki korrastama / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    Esimest korda tuleb nii valitsuse kui parlamendi tasandil Uruguays võimule vasakpoolne koalitsioon, mis suutis eemale tõrjuda kokku 174 aastat võimul olnud kahte parteid. Uueks presidendiks sai Tabare Vazquez, kelle poolt hääletasid pooled valijad

  14. Developing Foreign Language Teacher Standards in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlman, Natalie A.

    2010-01-01

    This article documents the development of foreign language (FL) teacher standards in Uruguay. It begins by discussing what it means to be a teacher, what standards are and are not, and how they can be helpful or misused in teacher development. In the proposal, a distinction is made between teacher preparation programs that are course-based and…

  15. Diverging patterns of fertility decline in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathías Nathan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The total fertility rate (TFR in Uruguay fell from 2.5 to 1.9 children per woman between 1996 and 2011. However, no study to date has examined the decline of the TFR by observing changes in fertility patterns by birth order. Objective: The main aim of this study is to analyze recent changes in fertility level and timing of childbearing by birth order in Uruguay. Methods: We estimate unconditional and conditional age- and birth-order-specific fertility rates for 1996-2011 using data from vital statistics, population census, and national population estimates. Additionally, three period summary measures of birth-order-specific fertility quantum are calculated: TFR, PATFR and TFRp*. Timing changes by birth order are examined with MAB and TMAB, focusing on MAB1 and its standard deviation and comparing their evolutions in Uruguay with those of selected countries. Results: Fertility decline fits a parity-specific stopping model with a moderate increase in the mean ages of first, second, and third births. The distribution of conditional fertility rates for first and second births depicts an asymmetric bimodal shape linked to the increasing heterogeneity of the timing of childbearing. Compared to countries with similar fertility trends, heterogeneity in the age at first birth in Uruguay is remarkably high. Conclusions: Previous studies suggest that heterogeneity in first and second birth timing is related to structural social inequalities, as women from lower social strata have not significantly changed the age at which they bear a first child, whereas women of middle to high social strata have started to postpone it. The new evidence reinforces the idea that postponement transition in Uruguay cannot be studied without considering this consolidation of social status polarization in fertility timing.

  16. Rocha que Voa: o cinema, a memória e o

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa França

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates Eryk Rocha’s aesthetic and political proposal,in the film Rocha que voa, that appropriates the images and the sounds of American Latin Cinema in the 1960/70. This essay also investigates the use of the cinematic archive in the documentary and the act of montage that involves a perception not only of the memory of the Latin American Cinema, but a specific perception of the quotation reworked in order to bring together the force of the original film and at the same time the impact of its heterogeneous elements.

  17. Contexto geológico e petrologia das rochas metaultramáficas de Alpinopolis, MG

    OpenAIRE

    Gergely Andres Julio Szabo

    1989-01-01

    As rochas metaultramáficas que ocorrem a sul e sudoeste de Alpinópolis, no sudoeste de Minas Gerais, constituem corpos de tamanho variado, embutidos em terrenos ortognáissicos / graníticos. Destes corpos, dois se destacam pelo porte: o maior, de Casca D\\'Anta, a sul de Alpinópolis, com cerca de 5 km² de superfície exposta, e o da Fazenda Gordura, a oeste, com aproximadamente 2 km² de área estimada. Corpos menores, de algumas centenas de m² se distribuem como satélites ao redor do corpo maior;...

  18. Controle do crescimento vegetativo e aumento da frutificação efetiva em pereira Rocha

    OpenAIRE

    Muniz, Janaína

    2014-01-01

    A pereira Rocha é uma cultivar portuguesa relativamente nova para o Brasil e possui grande aceitação pelo mercado consumidor. Atualmente, existem algumas dificuldades de manejo para que se possa otimizar seu cultivo, dentre elas destacam-se o excessivo vigor das plantas, a baixa frutificação efetiva e produtividade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficácia agronômica de doses de Stimulate®, Promalin® e ReTain® e a prática de manejo de corte do tronco em pe...

  19. IMPORTÂNCIA DA VELOCIDADE DE CORTE NA OTIMIZAÇÃO DA ETAPA DE POLIMENTO DE ROCHAS ORNAMENTAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Luiz Camargo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A etapa de polimento de rochas ornamentais ocorre em politrizes, as quais podem ser semi-automáticas ou automáticas. Em ambas as máquinas, a velocidade de rotação do satélite é invariável, e, por consequência, a velocidade de corte, que é a distância percorrida por um rebolo abrasivo em função do tempo, permanece constante. A possibilidade de se alterar a velocidade com que o rebolo abrasivo passa sobre a superfície da chapa de rocha pode permitir uma otimização desse processo. Para esta pesquisa foram definidas 24 situações operacionais distintas, nas quais variou-se a pressão de carregamento (1 e 2 kgf/cm2, velocidade de rotação de satélite (300, 400, 500 e 600 rpm e a exposição do satélite sobre a rocha (1, 2 e 3. Para isso, foi instalado um inversor de frequência em uma politriz semi-automática que possibilitou a variação da velocidade de rotação de satélite para realização dos experimentos. Assim, foram realizados os testes de polimento, sendo cada rocha submetida a 10 sequências de rebolos abrasivos do tipo magnesiano, a saber: 24, 36, 60, 120, 220, 400, 600, 800, 1200 e lustro, totalizando 720 amostras. Os resultados mostraram que no sistema tribológico existente no polimento de rochas ornamentais a variável rocha atua como elemento ativo, influenciando no desgaste do rebolo abrasivo e exibindo brilho de acordo com as propriedades petrográficas.

  20. Perspectives of the wind power generation in Uruguay; Perspectivas de la generacion eolica en Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez, Daniel Luis [Administracion Nacional de Usinas y Transmisiones Electricas (UTE), Montevideu (Uruguay)

    2004-07-01

    The objective of this paper is to describe, the journey for the development of power generation through source of wind, and to establish the elements that must be overcome to enable implementation of wind projects in Uruguay. For its achievement will be a descriptive framework that has been developing wind energy in the region, particularly as it relates to the Argentine case, as opposed to activities in the Uruguay in the same period. Carry out a review and interrelation between the greenhouse effect, the internalization of environmental costs and sustainable development concept, as well as analyzing the input of emissions to the environment by issuing sector. It will describe, briefly, the composition of the matrix of power generation in Uruguay. Subsequently analyzing the history of wind energy in Uruguay, the results of this experience and will be explored regarding the existence or absence of incentives within the existing legal framework. Finally, described the wind power perspectives in Uruguay and propound what will be the key steps and tools necessary to facilitate the development of this source of generation in the country.

  1. Long run economic growth and tourism: Inferring from Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Brida, Juan Gabriel; Lionetti, Stefania; Risso, Wiston Adrian

    2009-01-01

    Argentina is the principal source of tourism in Uruguay. This paper analyzes the effects in the long run of tourism from Argentina on the economic growth of Uruguay. Using quarterly data from 1987.I to 2006.IV, the study uses co-integration analysis and shows the existence of one cointegrated vector among Uruguayan real per capita GDP, Argentinean tourism expenditure, and real exchange rate between Uruguay and Argentina, and tests that the causality relationship positively goes in one way fro...

  2. Origen del castillo y coto de Aranga, siglos X-XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barros, Carlos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the fortress of the Higth Middle Age in the constitution of the feudal jurisdictions around the year 1000 is illustrated in this work which is the origin of the castle and a lordship of Aranga (now municipality of Galicia from the family of Traba. Th king Alfonso IX of Leon and Galicia transferred in 1193, the domain jurisdiction from a Aranga to Monastery of Sobrado, against the opinion of their vassals and peasants who, in 1168, preferring to continue to belong to the heirs of the counts of Traba and Aranga.

    La importancia de las fortalezas altomedievales en la constitución de las jurisdicciones feudales, en los alrededores del año 1000, se ilustra en este trabajo que trata del origen del castillo y coto de Aranga (actualmente, municipio de Galicia de la casa de Traba. El rey Alfonso IX de León y Galicia traspasa, en 1193, la jurisdicción señorial de Aranga al Monasterio de Sobrado, contra la opinión de sus campesinos y vasallos que, en 1168, preferían seguir perteneciendo a los herederos de los condes de Traba y Aranga.

  3. Análisis de morteros medievales de dos castillos de Cantabria. España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez-Solana, Federico

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the methodological procedure done on the analysis of ancient mortars from two middle-age castles, the one of Camargo (Vlll century and the Torrejón at Las Henestrosas (XIII century, both in Cantabria. The analysis pretends to get complementary information to the previous one obtained from the archeological research done at these places. The results obtained from the mortars tested, from foundations or pavem.ent, shoves their differences that can be associted to variables as location, age of construction and utility. The conclusions are a base for later analysis to modeling the construction knowledge in both settings.

    En este trabajo se presenta la metodología seguida en el análisis de morteros procedentes de dos castillos medievales, el de Camargo (siglo VIH y el del Torrejón de Las Henesirosas (siglo XIII, ambos en Cantabria, con objeto de aportar información complementaria a la obtenida en las campañas arqueológicas en ambos asentamientos. La selección de los morteros de cimentación y pavimentación realizada permite que los resultados obtenidos resalten sus diferencias asociadas a las variables de localidad, antigüedad y funcionalidad, lo que ha de servir de base al establecimiento de hipótesis sobre el modo y saber de los procesos constructivos en ambos puntos.

  4. La Historia social de la cultura escrita. Una entrevista con Antonio Castillo Gómez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiani Bereta da Silva

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Doctor en Historia, Antonio Castillo Gómezes Profesor Titular (acreditado como Catedrático de Historia de la Cultura Escrita en la Universidad de Alcalá. Antes de ser profesor de la Universidad, fue becario de investigación (1987-1990 y 1991-1995. Se puede decir que su interés por la Historia social de la cultura escrita comenzó a adquirir relevancia cuando  escribía su  tesis,  tiempo  en  el  que, cabe señalar, hizo sendas estancias de investigación en Italia con Armando Petruccien los años de 1989 y 1990 en Roma, enla Universidad “La Sapienza” (“Istituto di Paleografia”. Y como estudios posdoctorales en 1995, en Pisa, en la “Scuola Normale Superiore”, también con Armando Petrucci. En 2005 fue profesor invitado de la École des hautes études en sciences sociales de París a propuesta de Roger Chartier. Asimismo ha sido profesor invitado o conferenciante en distintas universidades extranjeras, especialmente de Italia, Portugal, Francia, Inglaterra, Finlandia, México, Argentina y Brasil.

  5. MÉTODOS DE LAVRA APLICADOS À EXTRAÇÃO DE ROCHAS ORNAMENTAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Eduardo Peres

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A natureza dos métodos de lavra de rochas ornamentais varia em função das características do maciço rochoso, condições topográficas, afloramento, fraturas, tipo e espessura da cobertura etc. O material de interesse na frente de lavra pode apresentar-se com foliação desenvolvida, viabilizando a extração em placas, ou em forma compacta, de onde são extraídos blocos. Quando a extração se dá por blocos, a mesma pode ser feita de maneira mais simples, a partir de matacões isolados ou por desabamento provocado por detonações, porém o tipo de extração em blocos mais usado é a explotação via “maciços rochosos”, quando se extraem blocos diretamente de um maciço rochoso compacto. Neste trabalho é apresentada uma revisão dos métodos de lavra, correlacionando os mesmos com a rocha de interesse e com as condições gerais de explotação.

  6. O Esboço de psiquiatria forense de Franco da Rocha

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    Francis Moraes de Almeida

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta o livro Esboço de Psiquiatria Forense (1904 de Francisco Franco da Rocha (1864-1933. A obra é uma das primeiras publicações psiquiátricas brasileiras dedicadas à psiquiatria forense e apresenta uma extensa classificação das moléstias mentais proposta pelo próprio autor, com base nas classificações de Teixeira Brandão, Shüle e Krafft-Ebing, e ilustrada com exemplos de sua experiência clínica no Hospício do Juqueri, dirigido por Franco da Rocha de 1898 a 1923. O autor tem como perspectiva teórica o organicismo difuso, próprio dos adeptos da teoria da degeneração, e defende a necessidade do psiquiatra zelar pela defesa da sociedade frente aos alienados perigosos, enquanto perito na esfera jurídica.

  7. Métodos de análise de sulfetos em amostras de rochas e sedimentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. T. Corrêa

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi realizado no período de agosto a dezembro de 1998, com o objetivo de comparar métodos de análise de sulfetos, visando obter uma técnica rápida, exata e reprodutível para avaliar o potencial de drenagem ácida em rochas e sedimentos. As amostras foram submetidas a digestões oxidativas com H2O2 e água régia. Nos extratos, foram determinados o S por gravimetria, por meio do Ba remanescente por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica (EAA, por turbidimetria e por colorimetria. Os teores de Fe e Pb foram determinados por EAA. Nos extratos de H2O2, determinou-se, também, a acidez por titulação com NaOH. A técnica mais indicada para avaliar o teor de sulfetos foi a digestão das amostras com água régia, seguida da determinação indireta do S, por meio do Ba remanescente por EAA. A digestão com H2O2 não foi eficiente para a oxidação total dos sulfetos presentes nas amostras, devendo subestimar o potencial de geração da drenagem ácida em amostras de rochas e sedimentos.

  8. Paulo Mendes Da Rocha: entre la idea y la experiencia. Premio Pritzker 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Chini Solot

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La consagración del arquitecto brasileño Paulo Mendes da Rocha con el premio internacional más importante de arquitectura, el Premio Pritzker, otorgado por la Fundación Hyatt de Chicago, en una época de gran diversidad de experimentaciones técnicas y formales, es una clara evidencia de lo que destaca en una obra es, ante todo, el grado de consistencia con su propio discurso. La teoría que interesa al arquitecto, sin embargo, es en la medida en que puede ser utilizada para la acción. Es el resultado de la confianza en la eficacia de la acción frente a la propia razón especulativa que la genera. Regida por leyes de geometría precisa, la forma regular de la arquitectura de Paulo Mendes da Rocha se traduce en confianza en el proyecto arquitectónico para la construcción y la reorganización del espacio urbano.

  9. Regional characterization of suspected land Punta del Este ( east of the Republica Oriental del Uruguay )

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Sanchez Bettucci, L.; Oyhantcabal, P.; Pecoits, E.; Aubet, N.; Peel, E.; Basei, M.

    2003-01-01

    Field Suspect Punta del Este (TSPE) is located in the easternmost portion of Uruguay (Figure 1). This is bounded to the west by Shear Zone Punta del Este-Cordillera (Masquelin, 1990; Preciozzi et al., 1999; 2002), while the east with Rocha makes Formation (Hasui et al, 1975;.. Sanchez-Bettucci and Mezzano, 1993). The TSPE is represented by gneisses and Migmatites formed in the range of 1100 and 630 Ma (Preciozzi et al, in prep.) and have been intensively reworked during Rio Doce orogeny (ca. 600 Ma). Field Suspect Punta del Este (TSPE) is separated from the Neoproterozoic granitoids or granitoids by central Shear Zone Punta del Este-Cordillera represented by a thin strip of mylonite s and gneisses mylonitic able to anatexis. Granitoids are sub alkaline trend throughout of this guideline. The mylonitic foliation has a general direction between N15ºE and N40ºE with sub vertical slope where development ductile quartz and muscovite bands observed (Figure 2). The base of TSPE consists essentially of porphyritic granitoids deformed with biotite and muscovite, and ortho gneisses oftalmíticos granitoids, showing an attenuation of that reaching isotropic deformation terms. From studies in zircons from a sample of ortho gneisses (UCUR 03) by U / Pb conventional and SHRIMP ages of 753 ± 14 Ma for the edge obtained (consistent with the conventional age) and 1000 Ma for zircon center. This has allowed us to recognize in the protoliths one Grenvillian heritage in this area, preserved during crustal melting processes. Also, new U / Pb (Preciozzi et al., In prep.) Data show a orogénesis penicontemporánea to the Brasiliano cycle would be responsible for most of the generation of the rocks that make up the TSPE

  10. All projects related to Uruguay | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, URUGUAY, Poverty alleviation, ECONOMIC GROWTH, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, CANADA. Region: Uruguay, Canada. Total Funding: CA$ 850,000.00. Addressing Local Conflicts in Latin America: New Responses for New Scenarios. Project. Local conflicts at the community and ...

  11. The genus Phanerochaete (Corticiaceae, Basidiomycotina) sensu lato in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastian Martinez; Karen K. Nakasone

    2005-01-01

    Eight species of Phanerochaete are reported from Uruguay for the first time, including a new species, P. vesiculosa. Phanerochaete vesiculosa is characterized by thin-walled, clavate to cylindrical vesicles embedded in the subiculum. A key to the known species of Phanerochaete from Uruguay is provided.

  12. El castillo de Embid : Señorío de Molina, Guadalajara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Perla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El año 2004, el Instituto del Patrimonio Histórico Español (IPHE en colaboración con el Ayuntamiento de Embid se pusieron de acuerdo para abordar la urgente restauración del castillo de Embid. Su estado de conservación era tal que amenazaba una ruina mucho mayor de la que presentaba después de que en los años 90 se viniera abajo la torre noreste. La torre del homenaje estaba a punto de desaparecer completamente. El proyecto y los trabajos de restauración le fueron encargados al arquitecto Pedro Ponce de León por el Ministerio de Cultura. El presente estudio es fruto del encargo para dicho proyecto. El 2006 terminaron los trabajos de restauración y con ellos la recuperación de un conjunto que estuvo a punto de perderse definitivamente. Sus restos preservados seguramente sirvan para que en el futuro se arroje más luz sobre una historia aún incompleta.In 2004, the Spanish Institute of Historical Patrimony in collaboration with the town council of Embid, agreed to address the urgent need of restoration of the castle of Embid. Its condition was such that was it was threatened by ruin, much greater than the one it endured after the northeast tower came down in the 90’s. The tower of the homage was about to disappear entirely. The Ministry of Culture commissioned the project and the restoration to the architect Pedro Ponce de Leon. This article is the result of the commission for the project. In 2006 the restoration ended and with it the recovery of the whole set was about to disappear. In the future its preserved remains would probably provide more insight to an incomplete episode.

  13. Mining geologic study in black san stones in Aguas Dulces, Rocha Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    On September of the 2002 black san stones deposit were considered Uruguay mining reservation which it last 6 months. They were selected the best deposits areas which were carried out 37 drillings in 727.046 hectare as. The mineralogical composition and uses of Black san stones sampling were analyzed.. Field and laboratory studies were given as methodology. As conclusion they were found 933.000 tons of mineral like ilmenite, zircon, rut ilo, monazite and titanite equivalent to 65% all heavy metals.

  14. Slates from Uruguay: a traditional natural stone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales Demarco, M.; Oyhantçabal, P.; Stein, K.-J.; Siegesmund, S.

    2012-04-01

    Slates were traditionally used as roofing material or for cladding worldwide and also in Uruguay. In regions where this resource was easily mined, the widespread application of slates in constructions resulted in the development of characteristic cultural landscapes. The application of slates in a wider sense is nowadays open for all uses of dimensional stone, compared to the restricted use as roofing or cladding material in the past. This has been achieved by the discovery and mining of new deposits within the last 25 years worldwide. Furthermore, the optimization of mining techniques that allows the excavation of larger blocks and the technical development for further handling of the blocks has contributed to an open spectrum of applications. The slate deposits from Uruguay are associated with the Neoproterozoic thrust and fold belt of the Dom Feliciano Belt. The slates are linked to calc-silicate strata in a greenschist facies volcano-sedimentary sequence and the deposits are located in the limb of a regional fold, where bedding and cleavage are parallel. The main lithotype is a layered and fine-grained calcareous phyllite with a quite diverse palette of colors: light green, grey, dark grey, reddish and black. The mined slate is split into slabs 0.5 - 2cm thick. The technical properties were investigated in a very systematic way with respect to the new European standards, showing values comparable to those registered for internationally known slates. In the past, the average production in Uruguay was around 4000 tons/year and a historical maximum of 13,000 tons was reached in 1993. The oscillations in the regional demand were the cause of several flourishing and decay cycles in the activity, but our investigation shows a considerable volume of indicated resources and therefore a very good potential. Exploration for colors and qualities and quantification of reserves is a prerequisite for the development of the sector.

  15. [The career of Henrique da Rocha Lima and German-Brazilian relations (1901-1956)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, André Felipe Cândido da

    2010-06-01

    The career of Henrique da Rocha Lima is closely linked to cultural and scientific relations between Brazil and Germany. He pursued his scientific work at biomedical research institutions in both countries, but it was in Germany that he attained international standing, thanks to his research in the fields of microbiology, pathology and tropical medicine. His prestige and active participation in both Brazil's and Germany's scientific communities meant he was able to further academic interchange between both nations, mobilizing many people and institutions to contribute to this process. I present the obstacles and challenges faced in studying this complex character, whose career sheds light on the machinations of international scientific relations and some socio-historical processes that marked the institutionalization of science in Brazil.

  16. Domestic tourism in Uruguay: a matrix approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Domínguez Pérez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper domestic tourism in Uruguay is analyzed by introducing an Origin-Destination matrix approach, and an attraction coefficient is calculated. We show that Montevideo is an attractive destination to every department except itself (even if it emits more trips than it receives, and the Southeast region is the main destination. Another important outcome is the importance of intra-regional patterns, associated to trips to bordering departments. Findings provide destination managers with practical knowledge, useful for reducing seasonality and attracting more domestic tourists throughout the year, as well as to deliver a better service offer, that attracts both usual visitors and new ones from competitive destinations.

  17. Developing medical geology in Uruguay: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mañay, Nelly

    2010-05-01

    Several disciplines like Environmental Toxicology, Epidemiology, Public Health and Geology have been the basis of the development of Medical Geology in Uruguay during the last decade. The knowledge and performance in environmental and health issues have been improved by joining similar aims research teams and experts from different institutions to face environmental problems dealing with the population's exposure to metals and metalloids and their health impacts. Some of the Uruguayan Medical Geology examples are reviewed focusing on their multidisciplinary approach: Lead pollution and exposed children, selenium in critically ill patients, copper deficiency in cattle and arsenic risk assessment in ground water. Future actions are also presented.

  18. Update of Energy policy of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-08-01

    The National Energy Directorate from Uruguay called a contest for Update Policy L Energy of Uruguay so as to ensure energy supply at the lowest possible cost, with greater safety and lower environmental impact and taking account efficient use of the Energy. FIEL was selected to carry out the work planned within three months and responding to a broad agenda that included the following points in the order of the Terms of Reference of the contest (TORs): 3.1. Evaluation of the existing energy policy 3.2. relative price optimization fuel 3.3. Optimization of tax policy in fuel 3.4. assessment of cost and benefits of alternative import 3.5. strategic reserve 3.6. Ambiental impacts Identification 3.7. Recommendations to improve the framework regulatory 3.8. Institutional framework for the energy sector in Uruguay 3.9. Evaluation of potential of renewable national energy resources 3.10. Energy efficiency 3.11. Action Plan for the National Energy The report presents and order of the TORs. In the first chapter updates assessment of energy policy presented in the progress report. In point 3.2 approaching the economic costs of the various energy alternatives from the parities import and cost efficient products in non tradable. Along with the environmental costs estimated in Section 3.6 is evaluated in the 3.3 How should the taxes structure to take into account externalities generating energy. In Section 3.4 discusses different options imported and in 3.5 energy supply costs are assessed count a strategic reserve, which Uruguay has decided that it is in the form of capacity thermal generation. In paragraphs 3.7 and 3.8 governing institutions is analyzed and they plan the sector, not only from a regulatory point of view but also the organization Internal DNE. In 3.9 alternatives are discussed renewable resources from national and international studies existentes, and in 3.1 updating the results of a recent study on energy efficiency by the World Bank and the case of an eventual

  19. Evaluating Pension System Reform in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Garmendia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article evaluates the reform to the system of pensions in Uruguay through these variables: coverage, fiscal impact, accumulation of funds, yield, and costs associated to the operation of the Administradoras de Fondos de Ahorro Previsional (AFAPS. The reform is evaluated positively, even though elements are identified, that must be considered in the future: to extend the reform to the rest of the system that was not included before, generate the correct structure to regulate and supervise the system, fit the age of retirement to accede to benefits, and offer alternatives for investments of the AFAPS.

  20. Rutas turísticas culturales de la provincia de Cádiz: Castillos y fortalezas medievales

    OpenAIRE

    Roldán Corrales, Ana

    2015-01-01

    El presente documento trata sobre una de las rutas turísticas más singulares de la provincia de Cádiz que recorre sus castillos y fortalezas. Se inicia este estudio con una amplia introducción histórica que pretende informar al lector sobre el origen de este extenso Patrimonio Cultural: La Arquitectura defensiva de la provincia de Cádiz, justificada por la situación geoestratégica a lo largo de la historia.

  1. Quality assurance for radiodiagnostic equipment in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cotelo, Elena D.

    2001-01-01

    Since Uruguay did not have an study on X-ray equipment, students of Radiation Protection course (RP) made this field work throughout the country. The objective is to obtain information on the number and kind of X-ray radiodiagnostic equipment. Some of the results are: there are 666 radiodiagnostic equipment. The ratio of population to equipment is 4.515 to 1 in the capital and the mean rate in the rest of the country is 4.383 to one, with a minimum of 1.707 and a maximum of 8.220. The Public Health Ministry (MSP) and the Instituciones de Asistencia Medica Colectiva (a kind of private heath assurance) (IAMC) have less equipment in the capital than in the rest of the country. The 37% of the capital population receives assistance through the IAMC , with a 42.5 % of the equipment. Uruguay except the capital has 18 districts and 17 computed tomography equipment, from which only 3 belong to the MSP. Five districts do not have any. In Montevideo, there are 11.500 females over forty years of age per X-ray mammography equipment, and this relation in the rest of the country is 13.900. There are 21 X-ray Interventional radiology equipment, 16 of them are in the capital. Is from relating the radiodiagnostic equipment, the population and the procedures, that quality assistance indicators emerge. This owns high importance on the way to create a RP National Programme. (author)

  2. Renewable energy for rural electrification in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaer, R.; Zeballos, R.

    1994-01-01

    The analysis of the possibility of application of the eolic technologies is presented and for the electrification of small rural consumers in the Uruguay, comparing them with the alternative of being connected to the National electric net using the but economic of the systems with return for earth. It was carried out to summary of the existent alternatives in both technologies and it builds to shammer to evaluates it the generation cost and with to classification, for consumption level, of the potential users, it can make to Map of the Uruguay that allows to guide on the solution to adopt according to the consumption level, the distance to the National electric net and according to the characteristics of the wind in the geographical location of the location. All the systems were evaluated on a base of 20 year-old operation keeping in mind the replacements of the materials whose useful life is inferior. In this work, the results of the studies are presented and the followed methodology is shown on a concrete example

  3. Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in freshwaters of Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Bonilla

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cyanobacterial blooms are a worldwide environmental problem. This phenomenon is typically associated with eutrophication (nutrient enrichment and changes in hydrology. In this study we analysed the distribution of planktonic cyanobacteria in Uruguay and their toxins (microcystin, saxitoxin and cylindrospermopsin, working with an interagency team (OSE, DINAMA, IM, University of the Republic and IIBCE. An historical data base (n = 3061 for 64 ecosystems, years 1980-2014 was generated. Differences between lotic and lentic ecosystems were found in terms of chlorophyll a and nutrient concentrations, usually indicating eutrophication. Two geo-referenced maps for the country were generated with cyanobacteria biomass indicators and the most relevant toxin (microcystin, according to risk levels suggested by the World Health Organization for recreational waters. The areas of greatest risk of exposure were the reservoirs of large rivers (Uruguay and Río Negro and Río de la Plata beaches. In the second part of the study, up to 20 mg L-1of microcystin was quantified in bloom (scum samples, as well as the presence of genes that suggest more microcystin varieties, potentially with greater toxicity. This study provides basic information about the distribution of cyanobacteria in Uruguayan freshwaters that will be useful for national monitoring programs and scientific research.

  4. Uranium prospecting and geological favour ability in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, H.

    1981-01-01

    Uranium prospecting carried out in Uruguay since 1976 is described. On the basis of literature available and of an analysis of the large structural units pertinent to Uruguay's geology, the prospecting performed in general in the northeast of the country, and in particular in the districts of Cerro Largo and Las Canas, is described. Some information is presented on uranium favour ability in Uruguay related to sedimentary formations: Devonian (Cerrezuelo Formation) and Gondwana (San Gregorio and Tres Islas Formations), and to the Crystalline formations of the centre and Southwest (1700-2000 m.y.) and of the east and southeast (500-700 m.y.)

  5. El castillo español en la estampilla. Reflexiones en torno a la marca, el marketing y el territorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Monroy Avella

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available España es un país de castillos. La estampilla española nos revela una colección de imágenes evolutiva de este edificio. Se trata de una iconografía que pasa de lo simbólico a lo figurativo; del instrumento ideológico a la valorización del patrimonio y, luego, a la narrativa cultural. El siglo xx nos muestra este dinamismo, sobre todo durante el franquismo, y nos revela que se puede hacer marketing territorial a partir de imágenes en apariencia banales y efímeras. Desviando la función inicial de la estampilla, reestructurando su lectura, podemos llegar a una nueva forma de observación y descubrir nuevos discursos. Así hacemos arqueología con este visual, comprendiendo la voluntad del poder, sus iniciativas en materia de comunicación y sus tendencias identitarias. España hace, a su manera, valorización turística con una imagen de marca, su marca patrimonial por excelencia: sus castillos.

  6. Tabaquismo durante el embarazo en Argentina y Uruguay Smoking during pregnancy in Argentina and Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Althabe

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Argentina y Uruguay están entre los países con mayor proporción de mujeres jóvenes fumadoras. Se desconoce cuál es la proporción exacta de ellas que fuman durante el embarazo así como las características de las que dejan de fumar y las que continúan fumando durante el embarazo. Realizamos una encuesta administrada por un/a entrevistador/a a 1512 mujeres embarazadas de 18 años o mayores (796 en Argentina; 716 en Uruguay, que concurrían a control prenatal en hospitales públicos de grandes conglomerados urbanos. 44% de las mujeres en Argentina y 53% en Uruguay habían sido o eran fumadoras. Durante el embarazo, 11% de las mujeres en Argentina y 18% en Uruguay continuaron fumando. En ambos países, la proporción de mujeres que vive con fumadores, permite fumar en el hogar y regularmente o siempre se encuentra en lugares cerrados con personas que estén fumando fue 49%, 46% y 20% entre las mujeres que nunca fumaron, 67%, 60% y 32% entre las que dejaron, y 78%, 75% y 52% entre las que continuaron fumando respectivamente. El estudio confirma un importante problema de salud pública y documenta que la exposición ambiental persiste en subgrupos de mujeres, aun en aquéllas que dejaron de fumar. Es importante que el sector de salud pública provea acceso a programas efectivos para dejar de fumar durante el embarazo. Cualquier nueva intervención a desarrollar que intente tener un éxito al menos moderado y sostenible, debiera incluir componentes que actúen sobre el entorno fumador de la mujer embarazada que fuma.Argentina and Uruguay are among the countries in which a large proportion of young women smoke. The rate of smokers during pregnancy in both countries is not well known, and data on the characteristics of women who quit smoking during pregnancy compared to those who continue smoking are not available. We conducted a survey including 1512 pregnant women >18 years old (796 in Argentina; 716 in Uruguay, during antenatal visits in

  7. Mineral deposits research in Uruguay. Technical economic part

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raabe, W.

    1959-01-01

    Technical researches, mineralogical and chemical analysis were carried out in Zapucay and Iman deposit located in Uruguay south America, as a result of that, researchers was described the mineral adherences of the deposits.

  8. Uruguay : tous les projets | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, INNOVATIONS, BROADBAND PERFORMANCE INDEX (BPI), ELDERLY, SOCIAL INEQUALITY, COOPERATION BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONS. Région: Brazil, South America, China, Far East Asia, India, Uruguay, South Africa, South of Sahara, North and Central America, ...

  9. Current state about the cuaternary knowledge of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anton, D; Goso, H.

    1974-01-01

    This work is about current state of cuaternary knowledge Uruguayan. It is considered that the cuaternary presented a change from the hot and dry weather of the Pliocene to more humid and colder weather in Uruguay.

  10. Geochemical methodology for gold prospect ion in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spangenber, J.

    1987-01-01

    This work is about the history of gold prospection in Uruguay. In this study there are considered the geochemical aspects, the gold performance, the applicability to mining prospection and the gold prospection aluvionar

  11. All projects related to uruguay | Page 5 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-01-01

    End Date: January 1, 2011. Topic: AGRICULTURAL INNOVATIONS, Urban agriculture, Capacity building, ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY, ACCESS TO MARKETS. Region: Argentina, South America, Peru, Uruguay, North and Central America. Program: Climate Change. Total Funding: CA$ ...

  12. Uruguay: Population Geography of a Troubled Welfare State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tata, Robert J.

    1977-01-01

    Discussed is whether or not Uruguay's elaborate welfare system can be maintained by a deteriorating economy plagued by social tension and political unrest. Historical background is presented, demographic variables are discussed and modern influences are measured. (Author/DB)

  13. Entre memórias e sonhos: uma leitura Bergsoniana do documentário “Rocha que voa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Machado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Quais as possibilidades estéticas e políticas que oferece o cinema quando trabalha com a memória, seja a partir da sua temática, da linguagem ou da materialidade do filme? A partir dessa questão, evidenciamos algumas políticas da memória que estão em jogo na contemporaneidade  e, a partir daí, propomos aproximações entre os conceitos de memória-hábito/ memória por excelência em Henri Bergson e as imagens e sons do documentário Rocha que voa (2002,em que o diretor Eryk Rocha utiliza arquivos e depoimentos para tratar do período em o pai, o cineasta Glauber Rocha, ficou exilado em Cuba. 

  14. OSMUNDACEAE EN ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY Y URUGUAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo D. Arana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se actualiza la taxonomía y distribución de las Osmundaceae, familia de helechos que habitan bosques y humedales subtropicales de la Argentina, Paraguay y Uruguay. Actualmente la familia comprende cuatro géneros, dos de ellos, con una especie cada uno, estan presentes en la región estudiada. Se acepta Osmunda spectabilis como una especie válida, diferente de O. regalis , la que no se encuentra presente en el área de estudio. Se reconoce a nivel de género a Osmundastrum con una única especie O. cinnamomeum var. cinnamomeum . Se incluyen una clave para los géneros, descripciones, la sinonimia relevante para América del Sur, distribuciones e ilustraciones de las especies. Se lectotipifica a Osmunda imbricata, Osmunda palustris y Osmunda spectabilis var. brasiliensis .

  15. Community-Associated MRSA in Uruguay

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-08-05

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that is typically associated with infections in healthcare settings. In the past couple of decades, MRSA has emerged in the community, most often causing skin infections in healthy people who haven't recently been hospitalized. After an increase in community cases in Uruguay in 2004, health officials investigated to learn more about what was happening and found some interesting trends. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Stephen Benoit discusses what they learned, the results of which are published in the August 2008 issue of CDC's journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases.  Created: 8/5/2008 by Emerging Infectious Diseases.   Date Released: 8/7/2008.

  16. Room source management decontamination in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blanco, D.; Montanez, Osvaldo

    1998-01-01

    A surface,work materials and tools contamination it produced for Ra-226 sources management in des use in Uruguayan radioactive waste and sources management and storage room specifically in the Uruguay Republic University in Nuclear Search Center. A surface contamination direct was performed measurement with Eberline alpha particles Contamat FHT 111M with 42 496/30 sounder. It found greater and least contamination grade in all cement floor as well as in tables where was managed with Ra-226 sources. A value measured surface contamination can see in the Room scheme with more 200 Bq/cm in extension small places. A segregation between work materials and tools considerate d free contamination was realized. The contaminated objects was separated for a future treatment. A proceeding followed in the decontamination was inhale, abrasion,sweep essays in different representative zones, obtain decontamination factors and residual activity

  17. Asthma mortality in Uruguay, 1984-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baluga, J C; Sueta, A; Ceni, M

    2001-08-01

    Asthma mortality rates have increased worldwide during the past several years despite the increased availability of new and effective medications. Few studies show reliable data from Latin American countries. To determine asthma mortality rates from 1984 to 1998 and to relate mortality to sales of asthma medications. We conducted a retrospective epidemiologic study in the total population of Uruguay. Data were obtained from the Department of Statistics of the Ministry of Public Health. Trends in mortality rates were analyzed using linear regression procedures. Spearman rank correlations were used to relate mortality rates to sales of asthma medications. The mean overall mortality rate was 5.10 per 100,000 during the period 1984 to 1998, (range 6.08 to 3.39) and showed a decreasing trend (P = 0.001). During the period 1995 to 1998, a more pronounced decrease was observed (mean mortality rate, 4.10 per 100,000). In the 5- to 34-year-old age group the mean mortality rate was 0.43 (range 0.65 to 0.13). Similarly, the mortality rate in this age group decreased particularly in the 1994 to 1998 period (mean 0.19; P = 0.005). Finally, the mortality rate was inversely correlated with sales of inhaled corticosteroids; for the overall mortality rate, p = -0.71, P = 0.003; for 5- to 34-year-old age group, p = -0.63, P = 0.01. Although mortality attributable to asthma seems to be decreasing, the overall mortality rate is still high compared with more economically developed countries. A more pronounced decrease in asthma mortality has been seen in the 5- to 34-year-old group. At present, Uruguay is a Latin American country with a low rate of asthma mortality. This is probably related to the use of new therapies to treat asthma.

  18. Mining in Uruguay: Potential and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossi, J.; Gaucher, C.; Ledesma, J.; Spoturno, J.

    2010-01-01

    We discuss the geological, economic and environmental feasibility of mining in Uruguay. Whereas the present contribution of mining to GDP of Uruguay is only 0.33%, this contribution would grow in 2015 to between 2 and 5.4% (depending on the price of iron ore) as a result of the implementation of new projects. The mining operations and short term projects include mainly limestone for cement and lime, gold, agate, amethyst and iron. Another set of resources, such as black sands, dolomite, manganese and talc, still require geological and / or economic feasibility studies. To develop sustainable mining, it is indispensable human resource training, especially more geologists, mining technicians and skilled operators. Several reasons make it imperative to develop our mineral resources: diversification of the production, development of neglected areas, decentralization, creation of industrial chains and employment generation. On this last point, mining creates ca. 20 times more jobs than extensive livestock per unit area. It is also shown that, in the example of metallic minerals and cement, earnings of mining companies are ca. 1000 times larger than those of extensive livestock per hectare. The current legal framework is considered sufficient, and is in the enforcement of these regulations where emphasis should be placed. It is necessary to create a state agency to assume the functions of a Geological Survey, conducting basic and applied geological research. This body should be independent of that responsible for the management of mineral resources, as in the example of Brazil (CPRM and DNPM). From the environmental point of view we present examples of successful recovery of land previously dedicated to mining in neighboring countries. Caring for the environment is in fact implicit in all mining projects now, given the current legislation. We suggest the creation of a guarantee fund for the recovery of mining areas and the use of funds raised from mining royalties for

  19. Contributions to knowledge of the continental margin of Uruguay. Description of background samples in the continental margin of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F

    2015-01-01

    This study provide data concerning of the background sediments of the continental margin of Uruguay. There were carried out different works with witnesses in order to extract various sediment samples from the continental shelf

  20. El "castillo de senta" y la frontera: Continuidades y discontinuidades en el espacio, el tiempo y entre disciplinas "Castillo de senta" and the border: Continuities and discontinuities in space, time and between disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariel A. López

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentamos y analizamos documentación inédita procedente del Archivo General de Indias que fecha la construcción de un "castillo fortaleza" en el "Valle del Senta", a mediados del siglo XVII. Su localización, aproximadamente "a diez leguas" del pueblo de Humahuaca, es coincidente con el emplazamiento de un yacimiento arqueológico reconocido académicamente como una fortaleza incaica. A partir de este caso de estudio, examinamos las continuidades y discontinuidades en la región oriental de la Quebrada de Humahuaca a través del tiempo y del territorio. Tomamos como eje de análisis el concepto de frontera pues nos permite pensar en la relación entre Historia y Arqueología en lo que concierne al estudio de los primeros siglos de la conquista española en nuestra región de estudio.In this paper we present and analyze unpublished sources from Archivo General de Indias related to the construction of a "castillo fortaleza" in the "Valle de Senta" by mid-17th century. Its location, about ten "leguas" from the town of Humahuaca, coincides with the archaeological site academically recognized as an Inka fortress. Based on this case study we examine the continuities and discontinuities in the eastern region of Quebrada de Humahuaca, through time and territory. The concept of frontier enables us to rethink the relationship between History and Archaeology, regarding the study of the early centuries of the Spanish conquest in the region under study.

  1. América Nuestra: Glauber Rocha e o cinema cubano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villaça Mariana Martins

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um desdobramento da pesquisa de Mestrado "Tropicalismo (1967-1969 e Grupo de Experimentación Sonora (1969-1972: engajamento e experimentalismo na canção popular, no Brasil e em Cuba", e enfoca a relação que se estabeleceu nas décadas de sessenta e setenta entre o Instituto Cubano del Arte e Indústria Cinematográficos (ICAIC e o cineasta Glauber Rocha. A relação entre o diretor do instituto cubano, Alfredo Guevara, e o cineasta brasileiro, através de correspondência mantida ao longo dos anos sessenta, culminou num período de trabalho de Glauber junto ao ICAIC, entre novembro de 1971 e dezembro de 1972. Analisamos a repercussão da obra glauberiana entre os cineastas cubanos e, de forma geral, sua participação no debate em torno do desenvolvimento do chamado Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano.

  2. Aspectos de vida, trabalho e saúde de trabalhadores do setor de rochas ornamentais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Almeida Baptistini

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available O processo saúde-doença é determinado socialmente, sendo o trabalho um fator que influencia fortemente o perfil de morbimortalidade. O objetivo deste artigo é estudar a relação entre as condições de trabalho e saúde referidas por trabalhadores da indústria de rochas ornamentais, moradores de um distrito de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim (ES. Estudo epidemiológico, transversal, com coleta de dados realizada através de questionário aplicado a 187 trabalhadores em seus domicílios. A análise utilizou métodos estatísticos descritivos e analíticos. Grande percentual de trabalhadores referiu morbidade aguda (45,5% e crônica (44,9%, percebida por eles como relacionada ao trabalho (56,5% e 51,2%, respectivamente. Apesar da maior percepção dos riscos de insalubridade ambiental por parte dos trabalhadores, os que referiram morbidade relacionaram principalmente os aspectos ergonômicos do trabalho ao principal grupo de transtornos apresentados, os osteomusculares. O elevado percentual de morbidade é resultado da inserção desses indivíduos em um processo de trabalho onde as condições e a organização do trabalho geram desgaste físico e mental, sendo determinada pela divisão social do trabalho no setor.

  3. El modernismo domesticado: algunas ideas estéticas en la obra crítica de Eduardo Castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Tobón Giraldo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En su obra crítica, Eduardo Castillo defiende muchas de las ideas estéticas que el modernismo introdujo en Colombia: que el artista se opone a la moderna sociedad materialista, que el arte está limitado al círculo estrecho de los mandarines del gusto y que el sacerdocio exclusivo del arte exige sacrificar la vida al cultivo de la forma perfecta. Pero en sus textos estas ideas se encuentran armonizadas con algunas de las tesis principales del clasicismo hispanizante promulgado por la Regeneración a finales del siglo XIX, y carecen de la voluntad de contemporaneidad que caracterizó y validó el primer modernismo.

  4. Castillos, poder feudal y reorganización espacial en la Transierra madrileña (siglos XII-XIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Martín Viso

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Algunos castillos de la Transierra madrileña en los siglos xii y xiii son herederos de los husün musulmanes, pero se convierten en esa época en centros de poder señorial sobre unas débiles comunidades. No obstante, sólo su transformación en concejos permitirá la supervivencia de algunos de ellos, aunque se observa también un desplazamiento del habitat hacia el llano, resultado de la formación de un nuevo sistema productivo basado en la agricultura cerealfstica y la propiedad feudal, por lo que el papel de los castillos es limitado. En las zonas serranas su relevancia es aún menor y nunca estructuraron el paisaje, labor que ejercieran los sexmos de la Tierra de Segovia.Some castles of the Madrid's Transierra in the xii"" and xiif" centuries are inheritors of the muslim husün, but they viere converted during this age in centres of a lordship power which was imposed to the weak communities. However, only some of them could survive through their conversión In town counciis (concejos, although there is also an habitat's displacement to the plain, that is the result of the new producing system based on the grain agrículture and the feudal property, so the role of the castles was reduced. In the mountain áreas the landscape was never structured by castles, but by the rural distrícts (sexmos ofthe Segovia's Land.

  5. Soomlased ajendasid Uruguay ja Argentina vahelise tselluloositüli / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Argentiinlased protestivad Uruguay jõe Uruguay-poolsel kaldal ehitavate tselluloositehaste vastu, ehitustööd mõistis hukka ka president Nestor Kirchner. Tehased rajab Soome kontsern Metsä-Botnia. Lisa: Argentinal endal keskkonnale ohtlikud tehased

  6. Recent trends in cancer mortality in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garau, M.; Alonso, R.; Musetti, C.; Barrios, E.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To analyze trends in cancer mortality in Uruguay in the period 1989-2008. Methodology: The National Cancer Registry (NCR) collects information from cancer mortality from the death certificates: 147 631 deaths were identified in the period from cancer, which was recorded topography, sex and age. They were calculated for each year mortality rates adjusted for age (TMAE) using as standard the world population. Trends were assessed using the method and calculated the joinpoint Estimated Annual Percent Change (ESPP). Results: The TMAE presents downward trend in both sexes (ESPP = significant -0.60 in men and -0.49 In women). In the period studied, mortality presented decreasing trend when it comes to cancer breast cancer in women (ESPP -0.79, significant), and increased for prostate cancer (ESPP = 0.70) and kidney (ESPP = 1.82 and 1.71 in men and women respectively). As regards the digestive system decreased mortality observed for esophageal cancer (ESPP in = -1.93 men and women = -1.78) and stomach (ESPP = -2.22 men and women -2.24 ). Mortality for cancer of colorectum is stable in men (ESPP = 0.35 No significant (NS)) and shows a decline slight but steady in women (ESPP -0.5). As for cancers that show strong association with smoking, decreased mortality observed lung and laryngeal cancer in men (ESPP = -1.11 and -2.05 respectively), confirming the trend found between 1990 and 2001; in women there is increased mortality from lung cancer (ESPP = 2.76) that is not accompanied by increased mortality from laryngeal cancer (-0.1 ESPP = NS). Mortality from cancers oral cavity and pharynx is stable, but in women a significant increase (ESPP = 1.84) is observed when the oral cavity is analyzed in isolation (lip, tongue, gums, palate). As cervical cancer, mortality trends in 20 years is to increase (ESPP = 1.14), however, if consider only the past decade, mortality appears stabilized (ESPP = 0.57 NS). Conclusions: The overall trend of cancer mortality (all sites

  7. Multiple primary tumor (TPM) in Uruguay - 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Musetti, C; Garau, M; Alonso, R; Barrios, E.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the incidence of TPM in Uruguay through the RNC data. Materials and Methods: Of the incident cases registered in 2008, they were selected those presented in the database prior cancer registry. The are excluded in situ of the cervix and non-melanoma skin carcinomas. Results: At the present time are entered to the the base of the RNC 11859 new cases of cancer incidents in 2008. Of these 566 (4.7%) had a prior record of criteria selection where 308 were women and 258 men. Of these, 450 met the IACR / IARC criteria (*). (Two topographies and / or different histologies). The median age of first tumor presentation was 65 years (22-89). The second 71 years (27-94). The median of the difference was about 4 years Analyzed by gender: Breast cancer (CM) was the most frequent tumor in women, cancer as first (142) and as second (85). The most common associations (excluding Bilateral) CM, CM with gynecological tumors were (TG: ovarian and corpus uteri) 11% CM and colo-rectum (CCR) (9.4%), TG and CCR (5%). 26% of female cases occurred in two hormone-dependent tumors (CM and CM bilateral or TG). In men prostate cancer (PC) is the most common tumor as first cancer (76) but the CCR is the most frequent and second (56). The association comprises CP-CCR 15% of cases and CP association and transitional tumors (TT) 10%. The association of two or more snuff-dependent tumors was observed in 8% of cases. When discriminated by sex in men is 13%, amounting to 19% if taking into account the multiple TT, while in women corresponds to 2%. Conclusions: The profile presentation of TPM in the RNC of Uruguay is similar to that reported other records in both frequency (depending on the criteria that defined) and associated type of tumors. The most frequent associations also They are similar to those observed by other authors: CCR, CM and TG women and CCR, and CP TT in men. The association of tumors are also observed with risk common factors: in women hormonal factors linked to

  8. Phytolith analysis in fluvial quaternary sediment (San Salvador and Palmar formation) Uruguay river and Argentina eastern

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patterer, N.; Passeggi, E.; Zucol, A.; Brea, M.; Krohling, D.

    2012-01-01

    This work is about two microfossils fluvial units deposited by the Uruguay river during the Quaternary. These are San Salvador and Palmar formation (Plio-Pleistocene - Upper Pleistocene).The Palmar formation is a band of 4-15 km along the right bank of the Uruguay river outcropping from the eastern provinces of Corrientes and Entre Rios, to Concepcion del Uruguay

  9. SOBRE LA PRESENCIA DE CONDALIA BUXIFOLIA (RHAMNACEAE Y MAYTENUS SPINOSA (CELASTRACEAE EN URUGUAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCHESI EDUARDO

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la revisión de muestras de herbarios y nuevos relevamientos florísticosconcluimos que Maytenus spinosa (Celastraceae, especie citada para la flora deUruguay, fue reiteradamente confundida con Condalia buxifolia (Rhamnaceae,cuya presencia en Uruguay pasó inadvertida durante casi un siglo. Maytenus spinosadebe ser excluida de la flora del Uruguay.

  10. Birth defects monitoring in underdeveloped countries: an example from Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castilla, E E; Lopez-Camelo, J S; Dutra, G P; Paz, J E

    1991-01-01

    Medical authorities in developing countries are primarily interested in nutritional and infectious diseases. Therefore, activities directed to the prevention and control of low priority illnesses, such as birth defects, need to be particularly effective, simple, and economical. Monitoring of congenital anomalies is one of the preventive activities which can be efficiently performed at very low cost. Guidelines for this are given, and their application exemplified by the case of Uruguay. Uruguay has recently attained an infant mortality rate of 20/1,000, with the congenital anomalies ranking as its second cause. The government of Uruguay, through the Pan American Health Organisation/World Health Organisation (PARO/WHO) called the Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congenitas (ECLAMC) for advice in order to plan a program for the prevention of birth defects. The recommendations given were based on conclusions drawn from the analysis of data the ECLAMC program has been accumulating, from Uruguay and other Latin-American countries, since 1967. The case of Uruguay clearly indicates that sensible guidelines for birth defects prevention can be provided, after working with this "low priority and uninteresting" group of illnesses for more than twenty years.

  11. Energy efficiency of milkmaid systems in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LLanos, E.; Astigarraga, L.; Jacques, R.; Picasso, V.

    2013-01-01

    Reducing fossil fuel consumption and increasing energy efficiency of agricultural systems may result in environmental and economic benefits. The aim of this study was to analyze dairy production systems from an energy perspective, to identify the main variables affecting energy efficiency and fossil energy consumption, through a model of inputs and outputs. The model included as inputs energy costs of food, labor, electricity, agrochemicals, fuels and machinery, and as outputs dairy and meat production. We analyzed a database of 30 dairy farms from southern Uruguay, from the Cooperative Nacional de Product ores de Leche (Conaprole), organized in three strata based on their dairy productivity per hectare. The fossil energy use was 2.40, 3.63 y 3.80 MJ.l-1 for productivity strata low, medium and high respectively (P<0.01). Energy efficiency averages were 1.40, 0.90 y 0.86 for the same strata (P<0.01). Fossil energy of agrochemicals and fuel accounted for more than 80% of the energy consumed in the three strata. The greater the percentage of concentrate in the diet, the lower energy efficiency (P<0.01). These results suggest the existence of a negative relationship between the intensification of dairy production and energy efficiency

  12. Bovine respiratory syncytial virus: first serological evidence in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, M; García, L; Yunus, A S; Rockemann, D D; Samal, S K; Cristina, J

    2000-01-01

    Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a major cause of respiratory disease in calves resulting in a substantial economic loss for the cattle industry worldwide. In order to determine the presence of BRSV in Uruguay, an immunoenzymatic test was set up, using a recombinant BRSV nucleocapsid (N) protein as the antigen. The N protein was produced in Sf9 insect cells by a recombinant baculovirus expressing the N protein. Serum samples collected from one hundred cattle from four different geographic regions of Uruguay were analyzed. Antibodies against the N protein of BRSV were detected in 95% of the serum samples analyzed. These results show for the first time the presence of BRSV antibodies and suggest a widespread BRSV infection in the cattle population of Uruguay.

  13. Technologies uses in education: Geology virtual Museum of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tabo, F.

    2007-01-01

    For several years we come seeing the advance from the new technologies of the information in the education. That is a contribution to the geological knowledge of Uruguay. This presentations were done considering the three learning styles (VAK) Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic, that the NLP describes. We considered that this publication modality is a form to present to us inside and outside our country, and what our institution this doing in the didactic area, in subjects as they are geology and the mining through a CD without letting consider the low publication costs. He is usual that many institutions of education of Uruguay do not have possibility of acceding to our Museum for economic reasons for which what we propose it is the accomplishment of a crossed CD with one virtual visit to the Geology of Uruguay

  14. The simbolic power of cattle raisers' associations in contemporary Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Riella, Alberto; Andrioli, Alexandra

    2004-01-01

    En este artículo se buscará estudiar el amplio poder de influencia que los grandes estancieros y sus gremiales logran mantener desde hace más de un siglo en el Uruguay. Mediante el análisis de la dimensión simbólica del mundo social agrario estudiaremos las prácticas discursivas de las Gremiales Ganaderas - Asociación Rural del Uruguay y Federación Rural - como parte central de su estrategia simbólica para mantener su hegemonía en el campo social agrario. En este sentido, creemos que la const...

  15. The Permian mega floras of Uruguay.A synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crisafulli, A.; Herbst, R.

    2007-01-01

    The Permian megafloras of Uruguay. A synthesis. An analysis of the impression and fossil wood floras from the Permian of Uruguay is given through a series of Tables. These show : (1) the list of taxa, (2) anatomical characters of the woods, (3) data on the microfloral associations, (4) paleoenvironmental information and (5) comparisons with contemporaneous Gondwana floras. The evolutionary degree of the woods is briefly analyzed where they correspond to the so-called ''transition xilotaphofloras'' as they present typical Paleozoic anatomical characters but with secondary xylem of more advanced characteristics. (author)

  16. Descripción y análisis de capas superpuestas en El castillo de Lindabridis de Calderón

    OpenAIRE

    Escudero Baztán, Juan Manuel

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes and analyzes the highlights of a play El castillo de Lindabridis of Calderón de la Barca: topics relating to the date of his writing and his performances in the seventeenth century, the management of chivalric sources, the unitary structure, the use of emblematic material through the medieval bestiaries, musical interludes, and the staging and the repetition of themes and motifs, along with some final considerations about gender. All these factors indicate the particular ...

  17. Il regionalismo commerciale dopo l'Uruguay Round (Commercial regionalism after the Uruguay Round

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. GRILLI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The attempts by a number of countries to partially or totally liberalise their trade on a discriminatory basis have long been documented. Despite the wide spread of the GATT in both geographical and temporal terms, regionalism has never easily co-existed with commercial multilateralism. The Uruguay Round has taken place in a period in which several key countries have radically changed trade policies. In this light, the search for a new balance between the multilateralism de jure and the regionalism de facto practiced by many members of the GATT took on importance as a test of their intentions to continue or not with the existing multilateral order or rather to modify it in a regional sense. This paper reviews the problems of coexistence between regionalism and multilateralism in the international trade order and demonstrates how few concrete conclusions can be drawn from an examination of both the theory and the empirical evidence.JEL: F13

  18. VIOLÊNCIA, FOME E SONHO: AS ESTÉTICAS DO SUBDESENVOLVIMENTO NO DISCURSO DE GLAUBER ROCHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Regina Siega

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Recuperando o texto Cinema Novo e Cinema Mundial, matriz do célebre Uma estética da fome, analisamos a perspectiva anticolonial de Glauber Rocha na tese que defendeu na cidade de Gênova, em 1965, e que ficou conhecida na Europa como A estética da violência. Com uma fala cortante e provocadora, Glauber Rocha denunciava, de um lado, o desejo de primitivismo do observador europeu e, do outro, o comodismo do público brasileiro, vendo em ambos a perpetuação de uma mentalidade tipicamente colonial. Ao superar o tradicional complexo de inferioridade do intelectual brasileiro frente à arte e ao pensamento europeus, o cineasta via na estética da violên-cia a possibilidade de uma revolução cultural do terceiro mundo. Receptor das escritas de Friedrich Nietzsche, Frantz Fanon e Josué de Castro, propunha um novo ponto de vista a partir do qual interpretar as criações artísticas do subdesenvolvimento, dissociando-o das suas habituais conotações melodra-máticas para revelar a sua condição trágica.

  19. DESENVOLVIMENTO DE ARGAMASSAS COLANTES UTILIZANDO RESÍDUOS DE BRITAGEM DE ROCHAS CALCÁRIAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walney Gomes da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As argamassas colantes têm grande emprego na construção civil, com isso este trabalho pretende avaliar a utilização de resíduos de britagem de rochas calcárias nas argamassas colantes, devido à sua grande utilização para fixar revestimentos cerâmicos sobre substratos. Além da caracterização de uma argamassa colante à base de resíduos, também se viu uma preocupação quanto à utilização de arisco na formulação da mesma, caso muito frequente em Mossoró e região. Assim, começou-se um trabalho de levantamentos bibliográficos, estudos dos materiais e formulação de traços, a fim de demonstrar novas modalidades de argamassas colantes, regidas pelas normas técnicas, que a venham contribuir para um amplo campo de materiais que antes eram desperdiçados. Sempre levando em conta questões financeiras de forma a que esta venha não só reduzir desperdícios, que iria ocupar localidades, já ou prestes a serem desmatadas, onde se poderia ser utilizadas para outros fins, no caso das já desmatadas, ou trazendo novas fontes de rendas mesmo com a conservação da mata original. Mas também, a questão de redução de custos que se vem a partir do momento em que se trabalha com um material amplamente abundante o que o torna de custo mais acessível, entrando ai dados de custo-benefício.Deve-se ressaltar que toda formulação dessas argamassas são feitas de maneira a atender o mercado consumidor, em alternativas bem pensadas desde a escolha dos materiais a serem utilizados até os traços a serem trabalhados, onde destacamos suas escolhas pelas características regionais e já utilizadas na localidade em empresas que por aqui constam. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: argamassa colante, resíduo de britagem, propriedades.

  20. Paleomagnetic and AMS studies of the El Castillo ignimbrite, central-east Mexico: Source and rock magnetic nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alva-Valdivia, L. M.; Agarwal, A.; Caballero-Miranda, C.; García-Amador, B. I.; Morales-Barrera, W.; Rodríguez-Elizarraráz, S.; Rodríguez-Trejo, A.

    2017-04-01

    Lithological, petromagnetic, paleomagnetic and magnetic fabric studies are employed to determine the flow direction and the location of the source of the, 2.44 to 2.21 Ma, El Castillo ignimbrite in the central-east Mexico. Based on the increasing matrix to pumice ratio and decreasing pumice size, the ignimbrite field is divided into the northwestern, central and south-southeastern sectors. Lithological comparisons among the three sectors reveal that the ignimbrite had flowed from NW to SE, and the source is in the NW part of the study area. Thermomagnetic results concur with the increasing matrix proportions from the proximal to the distal sector. The coercivity and magnetization ratios of the hysteresis parameters are lower in the SE sector than in the NW and central sectors. The dominant flow direction inferred through magnetic fabrics, at most sites, is NW to SE, which coincides with the direction inferred from lithological comparisons. However, at some sites magnetic fabrics demonstrate flow towards ENE or other various directions. The paleomagnetic analysis and field observations reveal that these anomalous directions are a consequence of anticlockwise block rotation and tilting due to normal and lateral faulting in the region.

  1. Computing and Education in Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowsky, Manuel

    Although the report is specifically about Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, the considerations presented are valid for all of Latin America. In September, 1969, Argentina had approximately 200 electronic computers. The annual growth is estimated at 15-20% and the implementation of teleprocessing and time-sharing systems have made evident the…

  2. All projects related to uruguay | Page 4 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-10-16

    End Date: October 16, 2013. Topic: PEACE RESEARCH, CONFLICT RESOLUTION, DEMOCRATIZATION, ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION, Economic and social development. Region: Argentina, South America, Brazil, Chile, Haiti, North and Central America, Mexico, Uruguay. Total Funding: CA$ 1,549,100.00. Impact 2.0 ...

  3. Husband and Wife Interaction and Family Regulation in Rural Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Winter, A. M.

    Decision-making and family planning were studied in the rural city of Durazno, Uruguay, by means of answers to questions by both husbands and wives. A sample size of 268 couples in which at least one partner was between 21 and 50 years of age was used. Data were collected by means of a pretested and precoded interview schedule. Major conclusions…

  4. Importance of phosphate and exploration alternatives in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spoturno, J.

    1986-03-01

    This work is about the importance of some considerations of phosphates in the agricultural inputs market of Uruguay. At the same time are exposed a Geo structural draft and are analyzed different alternatives of exploration taking into account the current state of geological knowledge in the country as well as the anomalies in different areas

  5. All projects related to uruguay | Page 3 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-02-02

    Total Funding: CA$ 403,900.00. Impact of Climate Variability on the Coastal Areas of Argentina and Uruguay in the River Plate Estuary. Project ... In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) an estimated 300 million city dwellers generate 225 000 tons of solid waste every day (Pan. Start Date: February 2, 2009. End Date: ...

  6. Language Policies in Uruguay and Uruguayan Sign Language (LSU)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behares, Luis Ernesto; Brovetto, Claudia; Crespi, Leonardo Peluso

    2012-01-01

    In the first part of this article the authors consider the policies that apply to Uruguayan Sign Language (Lengua de Senas Uruguaya; hereafter LSU) and the Uruguayan Deaf community within the general framework of language policies in Uruguay. By analyzing them succinctly and as a whole, the authors then explain twenty-first-century innovations.…

  7. The Holocene in the coastal zone of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Rodriguez, F.

    2011-07-01

    This book represents a compilation of several scientific Holocene paleoenvironmental aspects of the coastal zone in Uruguay. It includes information about geological, geomorphological, evolutionary genetics, paleontological, paleobotanic, paleoclimatological, paleolimnological, paleoceanographic and archeologic aspects. The chapters presented were arbitrated by national and foreign recognized scientists

  8. Stratigraphy of Guichon Formation (lower cretaceous) in litoral basin, Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, C.; Perea, D.; Perinotto, J.

    1999-01-01

    This report is about the stratigraphic al analysis of the Guichon Formation (lower cretaceous, litoral basin in Uruguay). The facies association is represented by conglomerates mainly fine sandstones and mud stones wi ch is interpreted as an alluvial system. A regional palaeogeography and a new geochronological alternative are established for this formation. (author).

  9. Mining inventory of Uruguay. Polanco fotoplano geochemical prospecting results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H; Artignan, D; Vairon, P

    1982-01-01

    This work is about the geochemical prospecting carried out in Polanco fotoplano within the framework of Uruguay Mining inventory . In this work were covered 660 km2 obtaining 685 samples for study which were analyzed by Plasma Emission Spectrometry in Orleans BRGM laboratories

  10. Building Human Resource Capacity in Uruguay's Extractive Industry ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Properly managing and gaining maximum benefit from the extractive sectors in developing countries relies on skilled human resources. This project will help Uruguay navigate many of the challenges it faces in its shift from agriculture to a greater focus on extractive industries. It will provide funds to build research and ...

  11. ELT through Videoconferencing in Primary Schools in Uruguay: First Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banegas, Darío Luis

    2013-01-01

    Plan Ceibal is an interinstitutional undertaking which has distributed XO laptops and Internet connectivity among primary school learners and teachers across Uruguay and developed a wide range of educational programmes. Ceibal administration believes that it is imperative to introduce English as a Foreign Language in primary education through the…

  12. Uruguay : tous les projets | Page 3 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , Mexico, Uruguay ... Selon les données estimatives de l'Organisation panaméricaine de la santé (2004), la population des villes d'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes - évaluée à 300 millions d'habitants - produit chaque jour 225 000 tonnes de ...

  13. Uruguay project - Metalic silicon manufacturing. Palmar location study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    This work is about the Soriano town possibilities offered to Rima Industrial S.A in relation with the metallic silicon project in Uruguay. In this zone there is the Palmar hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 33 MW and its development is part of the Rio Negro river

  14. All projects related to Uruguay | Page 4 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-02-15

    This grant will support a study of the factors (aspects, instruments, sectors and mechanisms) influencing the design and coordination of regional innovation policies by Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur) countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela). Start Date: February 15, 2009. End Date: ...

  15. Solar energy in Uruguay. Increase the use of solar panels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matos, V.

    2010-01-01

    This article is about the future of the solar energy in Uruguay. The main aspects of this kind of energy are solar thermic which is used for cooking food and heating water through solar collectors as well as the photovoltaics which allows the generation of electricity

  16. Uruguay Mining inventory. Las Animas fotoplano geochemical prospecting results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Spangenberg, J.

    1981-01-01

    This work is about the geochemical prospecting carried out in Las Animas fotoplano within the framework of Uruguay Mining inventory. In this work were covered 660 km2 obtaining 738 samples for study which were analyzed by Plasma Emission Spectrometry in Orleans BRGM laboratories.

  17. uruguay : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plusieurs études ont montré que certaines formes de réseautage d'affaires collaboratif peuvent avoir une incidence positive sur l'innovation, les résultats financiers et le développement régional. Région: Chile, El Salvador, Paraguay, Uruguay. Programme: Initiative Think tank. Financement total : CA$ 250,000.00.

  18. The "e-green" revolution in Uruguay's classrooms | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-01-28

    Jan 28, 2011 ... OLPC's goal is to extend Internet access to children living in remote areas by selling the laptops directly to governments for distribution through schools. Several developing countries have since committed to the project, with the Government of Uruguay announcing its “Ceibal Project” in December 2006.

  19. Uruguay Mining inventory. Florida fotoplano geochemical prospecting results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Artignan, D.; Vairon, P.

    1982-01-01

    This work is about the geochemical prospecting carried out in Florida fotoplano within the framework of Uruguay Mining inventory. In this work were covered 660 km2 obtaining 752 samples for study which were analyzed by Plasma Emission Spectrometry in Orleans BRGM laboratories

  20. Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

  1. Uruguay : tous les projets | Page 5 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Argentina, South America, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, North and Central America, Uruguay. Programme: Emploi et croissance. Financement total : CA$ 352,841.00. Participation sociale à la santé au sein du MERCOSUR. Projet. Avec l'aide du CRDI, l'Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y ...

  2. Aspect of the early human occupation in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castineira, C.

    2012-01-01

    This work is about the studies carried out in the geological sedimentary formation called So pa which is located in the basaltic basin in the north of Uruguay. The results obtained allow to recognize characteristics of the late pleistocene - early holocene as well as geometric morpho metrics aspects

  3. Uruguay Mining inventory. Minas fotoplano geochemical prospecting results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Artignan, D.; Vairon, P.

    1982-01-01

    This work is about the geochemical prospecting carried out in Minas fotoplano within the framework of Uruguay Mining inventory. In this work were covered 380 km2 obtaining with 433 samples for study which were analized by Plasma Emission Spectrometry in Orleans BRGM laboratories

  4. Molecular diversity of bovine viral diarrhea virus in uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maya, L; Puentes, R; Reolón, E; Acuña, P; Riet, F; Rivero, R; Cristina, J; Colina, R

    2016-03-01

    Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) affects bovine production and reproduction causing significant economic losses all over the world. Two viral species has been recognized: BVDV-1 and BVDV-2, both distributed worldwide. Recently, novel specie of BVDV named HoBi-like pestivirus was discovered. The presence of BVDV was confirmed in 1996 in Uruguay, however, does not exist until today a schedule of compulsory vaccination along the country. Serological studies with samples from all Uruguayan herds were performed during 2000 and 2001 demonstrating that all of them were seropositive to BVDV with a mean prevalence of 69%. In addition, there have been no new studies done since those previously described and it is important to mention that the genetic diversity of BVD has never been described in Uruguay. Nowadays, there is strongly suspect that BVDV is one of the most important causes of reproductive failures in our herds. The aim of this study was to describe for the first time in Uruguay the genetic diversity of BVDV with samples collected from different regions along the country. Serological status of 390 non-vaccinated animals against BVDV with reproductive problems from farms of Rivera, Tacuarembó and Florida departments of Uruguay were studied. All herds were seropositive to BVDV and high proportion of animals were positive (298/390), while 4.1% (16/390) of the animals were positive to Antigen Capture ELISA test and Real Time PCR. Phylogenetic analysis performed with concatenated sequences from the 5'UTR and Npro genomic regions revealed that BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 are infecting our herds, being BVDV-1 the most frequently found. The major subtype was BVDV-1a, followed by BVDV-1i and BVDV-2b. This is the first study that describes the genetic diversity of BVDV in Uruguay and it will contribute to the elaboration of sanitization programs.

  5. PRODUÇÃO DE CONCENTRADO DE MAGNETITA POR JIGAGEM A PARTIR DO REJEITO DE ROCHA FOSFÁTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Silva Tomáz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A magnetita (Fe3O4 é um óxido magnético de ferro natural formado por íons Fe+2 e Fe+3. É o mais comum mineral fortemente magnético, estando presente em pequenas quantidades em quase todas as rochas e também nos meteoritos. A nanotecnologia está largamente presente em todo nosso dia a dia. É possível encontrar diferentes aplicações nas mais diversas áreas da indústria: Eletroeletrônicos, metalurgia, cerâmicos, tintas, tecidos, indústria de polímeros, medicina entre outras. Atualmente a Anglo American Fosfatos do Brasil não produz magnetita, mas possui uma produção de rejeito de 2 Mt (milhões toneladas com teores de magnetita por volta de 40%, na granulometria de 2 mm, sendo esse material enviado integralmente para a barragem de rejeito. O aproveitamento desse material, dada uma recuperação de 60%, traria um crescimento de 78,5 milhões de dólares no PIB do estado. A maior parte da produção de ferro do Brasil é feita por flotação, sendo que tal tipo de produção prejudica a utilização da magnetita, especificamente, para a produção de ferrofluidos nanomagnéticos, devido a enorme quantidade de produtos químicos, principalmente surfactantes, envolvidos na etapa de flotação. Contudo o objetivo desse trabalho é obter um concentrado de magnetita proveniente do rejeito da produção de rocha fosfática por jigagem, para que a mesma possa ser usada na produção de ferrofluidos. Os resultados da utilização do jigue como separador dos minerais são satisfatórios na produção de magnetita para ferrofluidos como coproduto da produção de concentrado de rocha fosfática.

  6. Combined effect of temperature and controlled atmosphere on storage and shelf-life of 'Rocha' pear treated with 1-methylcyclopropene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gago, Custódia M L; Miguel, Maria G; Cavaco, Ana M; Almeida, Domingos P F; Antunes, Maria D C

    2015-03-01

    The combination of temperature and atmosphere composition for storage of Pyrus communis L. 'Rocha' treated with 1-methylcyclopropene was investigated. Fruits treated with 312 nl l(-1) 1-methylcyclopropene were stored at 0 ℃ and 2.5 ℃ in air and controlled atmosphere (CA) (3.04 kPa O2+ 0.91 kPa CO2). Fruits were removed from storage after 14, 26 and 35 weeks, transferred to shelf-life at approximately 22 ℃ and assessed for ripening and quality, symptoms of superficial scald and internal browning and the accumulation of biochemical compounds related to scald after 0, 1 and 2 weeks. Superficial scald occurred only in fruits stored for 35 weeks in air at 2.5 ℃. Levels of conjugated trienols and α-farnesene increased during the first 26 weeks in storage, remaining constant thereafter. During shelf-life, conjugated trienols were higher in fruits stored in air at 2.5 ℃. Internal browning developed in shelf-life after 26 weeks at 2.5 ℃. Pears in air at 2.5 ℃ were not able to stand a 2-week shelf-life after 35 weeks of storage, while fruits stored at 0 ℃ under CA ripened slowly after the same storage period. The retention of firmness during shelf-life of 1-methylcyclopropene-treated 'Rocha' pear can be overcome by elevating the storage temperature from 0 ℃ to 2.5 ℃, but CA is a required complement to avoid excessive softening after long-term storage. The ratio carotenoid/chlorophyll increased during storage and shelf-life, as plastids senesced. CA reduced the rate of chlorophyll loss during the first 14 weeks in storage, but its effect was reduced afterwards. 'Rocha' pear treated with 1-methylcyclopropene had a similar post-harvest behaviour during long-term storage at 0 ℃ in air or at 2.5 ℃ under CA. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  7. Propaganda and Philanthropy: The Institute Bento da Rocha Cabral, the Lisbon Site of Biochemistry (1925-1953).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, Ana; Amaral, Isabel

    2015-05-01

    This paper focuses on the internal organization and dynamics of the Institute Bento da Rocha Cabral (IRC) in Lisbon, a privately-funded institution devoted to biomedical research, from the particular vantage point of its laboratory of biochemistry; in particular, the process through which the institution turned from medically-related to chemically-related research in the period spanning from 1925 to 1953. The history of the IRC raises interesting questions regarding the social politics of science as it materialized the desire of leading physicians of the Faculty of Medicine of Lisbon to create proper physical facilities for medically-related scientific research. We argue that the process which led to the creation of the IRC coincided with the gradual professional and political ascendance of physicians in Portuguese society initiated in the late nineteenth century, and is closely associated with Portuguese republicanism and the process of Lisbon becoming the scientific capital.

  8. Imaging a Pyramid Interior by ERT-3D Methods, Preliminar Results at El Castillo Pyramid, Chichen Itza, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, R. E.; Tejero, A.; Cifuentes, G.; HernaNdez-Quintero, J. E.; Garcia-Serrano, A.

    2016-12-01

    The well known Pyramid El Castillo, located in the archaeological site of Chichen Itza, in the Yucatan Peninsula is the emblematic structure of this archaeological site and elected as one of the man-made world seven wonders. The archaeological team that restored this structure during the 1920's discovered a smaller pyramid inside this prehispanic body, which corresponded to an older Mayan period. The possibility of finding other constructive periods inside this edifice should be important to reconstruct the Mayan history. Previous geophysical studies carried out by us in 2014, employed novel Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) arrays that surrounded the pyramids surface with flat electrodes to obtain a 3D image of the subsoil. At that time, a low resistivity body was found beneath the pyramid, which was associated to a sinkhole filled with sweet water. Employing the same technique, a series of flat electrodes were deployed on each body conforming the pyramid, a total of 10 bodies were covered, employing a different number of electrodes trying to keep the distance between each electrode constant ( 3 m). Each body was treated as a single observation cube, where the apparent resistivity data measured was later inverted. A precise topographic control for each electrode was realized and introduced in the inversion process. 45,000 observation points within the pyramid were obtained. Initially, each working cube corresponding to a given pyramid's body was inverted. A composition of each inversion was assembled to form the resistivity distribution within the pyramid using a smooth interpolation method. A high resistivity anomaly was found towards the northern portion of the model that could be associated to the main stairway of the inner pyramid. The cavity detected during the 2014 survey was observed as a low resistivity anomaly found at the pyramid's base. At the moment, we are assembling the full observed resistivity data as a single file to compute an integrated

  9. Biología, medicina y eugenesia en Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barrán, Juan Pedro

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work are analyzed the deep relationships between biology, medicine and society that were settled down in the Uruguay along the XIX century as well as the process of «medicalization» and «biologization» of the social thought that take place along the first decades of the XX century, and the role that played the eugenic ideas and defenders of eugenics in that process.

    En este trabajo se analizan las profundas relaciones entre biología, medicina y sociedad que se establecieron en el Uruguay a lo largo del siglo XIX así como el proceso de medicalización y biologización del pensamiento social que se produce a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX, y el papel que jugaron en ese proceso las ideas eugénicas y los defensores de la eugenesia.

  10. Uruguay: Milestones in the Regional Evolution of INIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rebellato, Ana Elda

    2015-01-01

    My first contact with the IAEA was in 1989 in Moscow, at ATOMINFORM while attending the International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) training: INIS Human Resources: On the Job Group Training for Developing INIS Member States. Lectures were given about FIBRE data entry software and searches on INIS CD-ROM. Through the Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean, specifically by the ARCAL X project, modern technologies for access to information were introduced and the creation of INIS Centres was supported. During its execution, from 1985–1992, many countries in the region became members of INIS, including our country, Uruguay. Our involvement in the RLA/0/017 ARCAL XLII Regional Network for Nuclear Information increased after our application for INIS Liaison Officer was submitted by government authorities in Uruguay. This enabled better conditions for the formation of a nuclear Regional Information Network with 15 countries in Latin America

  11. Acianthera hygrophila(Orchidaceae, nuevo registro para Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés J. Rossado

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se reporta por primera vez para la flora de Uruguay la orquídea epífita Acianthera hygrophila (Barb. Rodr. Pridgeon & M.W. Chase. La misma fue hallada en el bosque ribereño del Río Yaguarón en el este del departamento de Cerro Largo próximo al límite con Brasil. Este registro representa el límite sur de distribución de la especie. Se presenta una descripción ampliada, ilustración y mapa de distribución de A. hygrophila, así como una clave para la identificación de las especies de Acianthera presentes en Uruguay

  12. Inercias y tranformaciones en las relaciones laborales del Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Pucci

    Full Text Available This work intends to analyze the evolution of the labor relations in Uruguay, at the cornerstone of the productive restructuring processes that began to be developed starting from the constitution of regional markets in the Southern Cone. The hypothesis we support is that the transformations in the world of labor ocurred in Uruguay cannot be attributed only to the application of an economical or social model specific to development, but are enrolled in long term structural modifications, associated to changes in the social relations ocurred worldwide. However, the concrete evolution verified in labor relations is explained by the specific characteristics of the processes of regional integration that are expressed in the conformation of MERCOSUL.

  13. Tectonics and sedimentary process in the continental talud in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Santa Ana, H.; Soto, M.; Morales, E.; Tomasini, J.; Hernandez-Molina, F.; Veroslavsky, G.

    2012-01-01

    The morphology and evolution of the continental margin of Uruguay is due to the interaction of an important set of sedimentary processes. The contourite and turbiditic are the most significant processes which are associated with the development of submarine canyons as well as the gravitational mass respect to major landslides. These processes generate erosional and depositional features with a direct impact on different areas of application, which have potential environmental risks (gravitational landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis) and potential economic resources

  14. Uruguay : tous les projets | Page 4 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Argentina, South America, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, North and Central America, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay ... santé dans les pays du cône Sud (Red de Investigación en Sistemas y Servicios de Salud en el Cono Sur) ont des systèmes de santé considérablement segmentés et fragmentés.

  15. Uruguay : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Projet. Depuis quelques années, plusieurs pays d'Amérique latine fournissent des ordinateurs et la connectabilité aux écoles dans l'espoir d'améliorer la qualité et l'accessibilité des possibilités de s'instruire. Sujet: EDUCATION, TELECOMMUNICATIONS. Région: Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay. Programme: Networked ...

  16. Fossils mollusc asemblage found at Zagarzazu, marine Pleistocene, Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rojas, A. . E mail: alejandra@fcien.edu.uy

    2004-01-01

    There are presented the results of the paleoecological analysis of the mollusc assemblage found at Zagarzazu, Colonia department. The fossils are well preserved, arranged in thin shell-beds with some specimens in life position. The assemblage is indicative of higher temperatures than present, and a strong marine influence. It is important to stress that new thermophilic molluscs for the marine Quaternary were found and that this locality represents a new Pleistocene marine record in Uruguay [es

  17. Report to the Republica Oriental del Uruguay government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saad, S.

    1984-01-01

    This report evaluates the works of exploration of Uranium executed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay in the period between 1949 and 1983, with the application of geophysical, geochemical and geological methods. There was analyzed all the information relating to the works of own execution or across agreements with companies or foreign organizations. This evaluation includes visits to the principal radioactive indications, including those of the basin Paleozoic and of the Pre cambric of La Calera

  18. Genetic structure of honeybee populations from southern Brazil and Uruguay

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    Diniz Nilza Maria

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Apis mellifera scutellata was introduced to Brazil in 1956 and Africanized honeybee populations have now spread from Argentina to the southwestern United States. Temperate climatic restrictions seem to be a natural limit to Africanized honeybee expansion around parallels 35° to 40° SL. We used allozyme loci (Mdh-1 and Hk-1 and mtDNA haplotypes to characterize honeybee populations in southern Brazil and Uruguay and define a possible transition area between Africanized and European bees. Samples of 194 bee colonies were collected from ten localities between 30°-35° SL and 52°-59° WL. The mtDNA restriction patterns of these colonies were obtained through digestion of the mitochondrial genome by Eco RI, or by digestion by Bgl II and Xba I of the cytochrome B locus and the COI-COII intergenic region, respectively. The distribution limit of African bee colonies, i.e., those populations with only the African mtDNA haplotype and with a high proportion of African genes as shown by allozyme analysis, is located in northern Uruguay, with a hybridization zone located farther south in Uruguay. A gradual cline from north to south was observed, confirmed by mtDNA, racial admixture, and genetic distance analyses. No evidence of either gametic disequilibrium between nuclear markers or cytonuclear disequilibrium among the nuclear and mtDNA genotypes was detected, suggesting that the hybridization process has been completed.

  19. The Impact of the Uruguay Round on World Agriculture

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    Chung-Sil Kim

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the impact of the Uruguay Round (UR implementation on world agriculture using a multi-regional general equilibrium model and the mapping function of the Geographic Information System (GIS. The results of this study show that the Uruguay Round has had a negative impact on world agriculture in the light of total food production and food distribution. For commodities such as grains, while grain production rises in exporting countries, the effect is not sufficient to cover the fall in production in importing countries. In particular, the impact is serious on food security in importing countries of agricultural products. The negative impact is almost concentrated in importing countries, particularly Japan, the European Union (EU and South Korea. As is clearly visible on the maps produced by the GIS function, the real state of world agriculture as well as the results evaluated by this Computable General Equilibrium (CGE model has changed negatively in major importing countries and particularly the Least Developed Countries (LDCs, Sub-Saharan Africa following the Uruguay Round.

  20. Groundwater resources in Uruguay: Importance and present use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montano J; Gagliardi, S; Montano, M.

    2005-01-01

    Traditionally the use of the water resources in Uruguay was based on the exploitation of surface waters due to the great density of the hydrographic network. The intensive use of the groundwater resources began after 1950, mainly for supplying small towns the country, nowadays this practice covers the 70% of the country. Basically, this evolution was a consequence of the lower cost of the groundwater, its availability and good quality. Since 1980 the use of the groundwater has been intensified even more, mainly with the purpose of satisfying different demands like vegetable plantation irrigation either in the open air or in the entrance of cholera to the country during the 1990 decade trough a program for supplying water to small communities in the frontier area. In addition, it is marked out the use of thermal and flowing aquifers belonging to the Guarani Aquifer System as water suppliers for thermal spas and hotels in a reduced area, eventhough having a great hydric potencial whose exploitation yields one of the major foreing currency entrance because of regional tourism. Moreover, it can be stated that Uruguay do not present an important groundwater weath because of regional tourism. Moreover, it can be stated that Uruguay do not present an important groundwater weath because the 65% of its aquifers are fisurated and the others are pourous with diverse potentiality.

  1. HISTORIA DE LA REPRESENTACIÓN GRÁFICA DEL CASTILLO DE PEÑÍSCOLA. DEL GRAFITO AL LÁSER

    OpenAIRE

    Barros da Rocha e Costa, Hugo A.

    2014-01-01

    Cuando sea leída esta tesis, habrán transcurrido exactamente siete siglos desde que un Obispo, de nombre Paholac, empezó, inconscientemente, este viaje por la Historia de la Representación Gráfica del Castillo de Peñíscola. Desde este primer y esquemático dibujo, realizado en el año 1314, hasta la actualidad, se ha formado una inédita historia gráfica de la Fortaleza cíclicamente reconstruida, donde el legado del Temple predomina. En este espacio temporal de seteciento...

  2. Los tres buhos atacan a Luís López de Mesa por Eduardo Castillo y León de Greiff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Pérez Silva

    1982-04-01

    Full Text Available Con el seudónimo de Los Tres Búhos, tres jóvenes universitarios arremetieron contra la obra literaria de Luis López de Mesa, Eduardo Castillo y León de Greiff, y lo hicieron en las páginas de la revista Universidad, en los números que se publicaron entre el 19 de junio y el 3 de agosto de 1929. Al comienzo de la página preliminar titulada El diálogo de los Tres Búhos se lee la siguiente nota.

  3. Cuentos medievales: "La dama del castillo del gavilán" y el "Ejemplo de las flechas" Juan de Mandevilla, Libro de las maravillas del mundo

    OpenAIRE

    María Mercedes Rodríguez Temperley

    2003-01-01

    A partir de los últimos estudios acerca de la cuentística medieval, tendientes a ampliar el corpus de relatos insertos no sólo en colecciones de cuentos sino en textos muy variados, se rastrean y clasifican los incluidos en el Libro de las maravillas del mundo de Juan de Mandevilla. Asimismo, se realiza el análisis puntual de dos cuentos: "La dama del castillo del gavilán" y el "Ejemplo de las flechas". Taking account of the last studies about medieval tales, which intend to enlarge the co...

  4. Western cratonic domains in Uruguay, geochronology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F; Pell, E; Muzio, R; Ledesma, J.J; Guerequiz, R

    2001-01-01

    The western cratonic domains in Uruguay are divided into three major units: Piedra Alta Terrane, Valentines Block and Pavas Terrane. Piedra Alta Terrane lacks of evidence of Neo proterozoic oro geneses (deformation, metamorphism or magmatism). Sarandi del Yi - Arroyo Solis Grande shear zone, separates it from Valentines Block. Valentines Block is separated from Pavas Terrane by Cueva del Tigre shear zone. Magmatic rocks with different ages, compositions and emplacements occur all over the Piedra Alta Terrane distributed in three metamorphic belts (Arroyo Grande, San Jose and Montevideo) as well as in the Central Gneissic-Migmatitic Complex. Samples from the gneissic-migmatitic complex, late tectonic granitoids and basic rocks associated to the metamorphic belts were analyzed using Rb/Sr, U/Pb, K/Ar and Sm/Nd methodologies. The age ranges obtained for granitoids and gneissicmigmatitic samples using Rb/Sr whole rock (WR) systematics are 1.7 to 2.5 Ga, showing two intervals: 1.9 to 2.05 Ga (intrusion of late granites) and 2.1 to 2.2 Ga (deformation and metamorphism). K/Ar cooling ages present several ranges: 1.3 to 1.35 Ga (probable local heating of the crust), 1.7 to 1.8 Ga (microgabbro magmatism, data confirmed by the Ar/Ar method) and ages between 2.0 to 2.2 Ga. Rb/Sr (WR) data yielded an isochronic age of 2094 ± 28.3 Ma, Ro = 0.70174 ± 0.00009, MSWD 19.74, interpreted as the time of the metamorphic event recognized for all the Piedra Alta Terrane. TDM Sm/Nd model ages presented a range from 2065 Ma to 2450 Ma. U/Pb systematics yield ages in migmatitic and gneissic rocks from 2.16 Ga to 2.21 Ga, showing metamorphism and deformation phenomena. While the ages of granitoids associated to the San Jose Belt are between 2.06 Ga and 2.08 Ga (Isla Mala) to 2.1 Ga (Granito de Cufre). None of them show metamorphic phenomena. Valentines Block (Preciozzi et al., 1979) comprises granulitic gneisses, granitoids and mafic rocks of different compositions. The geologic complexity

  5. Odonata de Uruguay: lista de especies y nuevos registros Odonata from Uruguay: species list and new records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Von Ellenrieder

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Se proporciona una lista de las 70 especies citadas para Uruguay. Catorce de ellas constituyen nuevos registros para el país: Mnesarete pruinosa (Hagen en Selys [Calopterygidae, Acanthagrion lancea Selys, A. peruvianum Leonard, Argia serva Hagen en Selys y Oxyagrion chapadense Costa (Coenagrionidae, Neoneura ethela Williamson (Protoneuridae, Progomphus costalis Hagen en Selys (Gomphidae, Elasmothemis constricta (Calvert, Erythrodiplax basalis (Kirby, Erythrodiplax media Borror, Micrathyria hypodidyma Calvert, Micrathyria ringueleti Rodrigues Capitulo, Orthemis ambinigra Calvert y Perithemis icteroptera (Selys en Sagra (Libelullidae.A list of 70 species known to occur in Uruguay is given. Fourteen species are new country records: Mnesarete pruinosa (Hagen in Selys (Calopterygidae, Acanthagrion lancea Selys, A. peruvianum Leonard, Argia serva Hagen in Selys, and Oxyagrion chapadense Costa (Coenagrionidae, Neoneura ethela Williamson (Protoneuridae, Progomphus costalis Hagen in Selys (Gomphidae, Elasmothemis constricta (Calvert, Erythrodiplax basalis (Kirby, Erythrodiplax media Borror, Micrathyria hypodidyma Calvert, Micrathyria ringueleti Rodrigues Capitulo, Orthemis ambinigra Calvert, and Perithemis icteroptera (Selys in Sagra (Libelullidae.

  6. Análisis descriptivo de la contabilidad de las obras del Puerto de la Luz y Las Palmas (Canarias, España a través del estudio realizado por su director el ingeniero Juan de León y Castillo, siglos XIX y XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candelaria Castro Pérez

    2010-12-01

    de los informes, cartas y demás documentos elaborados por el ingeniero Juan de León y Castillo, de acuerdo con la información que al respecto recibió de la empresa contratista y que forman parte del fondo documental Ingeniero D. Juan de León y Castillo.

  7. A canção no cinema de Glauber Rocha: Notas sobre a função narrativa da música cantada em filmes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Carvalho

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Glauber Rocha atribuía à música de seus filmes uma importância pouco usual. De fato, antes do cinema novo, a trilha musical no cinema brasileiro seguia, de uma maneira geral, padrões clássicos, com o predomínio do uso de números musicais, principalmente nas comédias, e da música orquestral de maestros como Lírio Panicalli, Gabriel Migliori e Radamés Gnatalli. Nesse sentido, pretendo abordar a importância da canção nos filmes de Glauber Rocha, investigando a contribuição da música na configuração do estilo deste diretor.

  8. Determinação de propriedades petrofísicas de rochas reservatórios usando modelos de redes de poros

    OpenAIRE

    Kronbauer, Denise Prado

    2014-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências e Engenharia de Materiais, Florianópolis, 2014 A pesquisa na área de produção de petróleo tem como principal objetivo otimizar a exploração e elevar a recuperação nos campos petrolíferos. Assim, a caracterização e a determinação de propriedades petrofísicas de rochas reservatórios são alguns dos intentos da engenharia de petróleo. Embora existam diferentes tipos de rochas re...

  9. Produção de mudas de tomateiro em substratos contendo fibra de coco e pó de rocha

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio,Regynaldo A; Ramos,Sílvio J; Guilherme,Denílson O; Costa,Cândido A da; Fernandes,Luiz Arnaldo

    2008-01-01

    Com o objetivo de avaliar proporções dos resíduos fibra de coco (FC) e pó de rocha de granito (RG) como substratos na produção de mudas de tomateiro, cultivar Kada Gigante, realizou-se um experimento em casa de vegetação na UFMG-ICA. Foi utilizado o delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por uma testemunha e seis proporções de fibra de coco (FC) e pó de rocha de granito (RG): T1 - Substrato comercial Hortimix®; T2 - 0% FC + 100% ...

  10. The problems of the late seventeenth century in Bahia according to the writings of Gregorio de Matos and Sebastião da Rocha Pita

    OpenAIRE

    Cintia Goncalves Gomes Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims to study the complex economic situation faced by Bahia in the late seventeenth century and its consequences in society through documents produced by two characters who lived that moment, but in situations and with very different points of view: the poet Gregorio de Matos (1636 - 1696) and the historian Sebastião da Rocha Pita (1660 - 1738). The analysis of his writings is important in that they present readings of how the crisis affected the inhabitants of the R...

  11. La restauración de la iglesia de Santa María del Castillo de Castelldefels (Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Moreno-Navarro, Antoni

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available The church next to the castle of Castelldefels (both municipal property has been restored for its use as civic center and meeting point for historical studies related to that fast growing township. In its presbytery traces of the early Iberian and Roman settlements can be seen, and also, in one of the chapels, graffiti left by International Brigades occupying the castle during the Civil War between 1938 and 1939. The church has regained yet its fortress look with white walls.

    La iglesia aneja al castillo de Castelldefels, ambos edificios de propiedad municipal, ha sido restaurada para su uso como espacio cultural y punto de información histórica de un municipio que ha sufrido un rápido crecimiento. En el presbiterio pueden verse los restos de los primeros asentamientos ibéricos y romanos y, en una capilla, los grafitos que dejaron los combatientes de las Brigadas Internacionales que ocuparon el castillo durante la Guerra Civil, entre 1938 y 1939. El edificio ha recuperado también su apariencia de iglesia fortificada de muros blancos.

  12. El castillo de Corullón: estudio de un conjunto de proyectiles en el contexto de las revueltas irmandiñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Castañón, María

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper approach the historical and archaeological analysis of the arrowheads collection from the excavation at Corullón castle (El Bierzo, León, which remained unpublished in León Museum. These finds allow to realize a typology which related them to another medieval types of archaeological sites in Spain and Europe. At the same time it intensified the relation of this castle with «irmandiña» revolution in the XV century, offering an evidence of the castle attack.

    Este estudio aborda el análisis histórico-arqueológico de un conjunto de proyectiles recuperados durante las excavaciones del castillo de Corullón (El Bierzo, León, que permanecían inéditos en los fondos del Museo de León. Los hallazgos permiten realizar una clasificación tipológica que relaciona éstos con otros procedentes de diversos asentamientos medievales españoles y europeos. Por otro lado refrendan el vínculo del castillo con las revueltas irmandiñas del siglo XV, ofreciendo un testimonio directo del asalto a la fortaleza.

  13. Descripción y análisis de capas superpuestas en El castillo de Lindabridis de Calderón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escudero Baztán, Juan Manuel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes and analyzes the highlights of a play El castillo de Lindabridis of Calderón de la Barca: topics relating to the date of his writing and his performances in the seventeenth century, the management of chivalric sources, the unitary structure, the use of emblematic material through the medieval bestiaries, musical interludes, and the staging and the repetition of themes and motifs, along with some final considerations about gender. All these factors indicate the particular importance of this comedy of Calderón.Este trabajo describe y analiza los puntos más relevantes de una obra caballeresca calderoniana poco conocida como El castillo de Lindabridis: cuestiones relativas a la fecha de su escritura y sus representaciones en el siglo XVII, al manejo de las fuentes caballerescas, a la estructura unitaria, al uso de la emblemática a través de los bestiarios medievales, a los interludios musicales, a la escenificación y la repetición de temas y motivos, junto a unas consideraciones finales sobre el género. Elementos en su conjunto que indican la particular relevancia de esta comedia de gran espectáculo calderoniana.

  14. La narrativa fílmica de José Emilio Pacheco: el guion cinematográfico El castillo de la pureza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Rocco

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo propone una lectura crítica del guion cinematográfico El castillo de la pureza, del escritor José Emilio Pacheco, con el objetivo de insertar el texto en el marco de la obra narrativa del autor. Se examinan las analogías que presenta el guion con la descripción de la psicopatología del nazi en la novela Morirás lejos, y con el tema del despertar erótico del adolescente en El principio del placer y Las batallas en el desierto. This article proposes a critical analisis of the screenplay El castillo de la pureza, by José Emilio Pacheco, in order to bring new light on the relationship between this text and the author’s lite rary works. It will focus on the analogies between the screenplay and the description of the psichopatology of the nazi in the novel Morirás lejos, and the theme of erotic awake in the young characters of El principio del placer and Las batallas en el desierto.

  15. El castillo de San Romualdo (San Fernando, Cádiz. Aproximación estratigráfica y evolución constructiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utrera Burgal, Raquel M.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the results of the archaeological research carried out in the castle of San Romualdo, the most emblematic building of the city of San Fernando and a defensive fortress tied to the control access of Cádiz. The standing building recording has enabled to know the building evolution from its origins until the present. Studies have hitherto confirmed the chronological conclusions already proposed in 2003. That is, the current castle is a medieval Christian building erected in the second half of the 13th century thanks to Mudejar workers and materials reused from a previous building.Presentamos en este artículo los resultados de nuestra investigación arqueológica en el castillo de San Romualdo, el edificio más emblemático de la ciudad de San Fernando y fortaleza defensiva ligada al control del acceso a Cádiz. El análisis estratigráfico de alzados ha permitido conocer la evolución constructiva del edificio, desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad. Hasta ahora los estudios confirman las conclusiones en cuanto a su datación presentadas en el año 2003, es decir, el castillo, tal y como hoy lo conocemos, es una construcción medieval cristiana, realizada durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIII, con mano de obra mudéjar y con materiales reutilizados de una edificación anterior.

  16. Materias primas y formas líticas del Auriñaciense arcaico de la Cueva del Castillo (Puente Viesgo, Cantabria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Bernaldo de Quirós

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available El yacimiento de la Cueva del Castillo, en las campañas de excavación que se vienen realizando desde 1980 ha proporcionado materiales líticos realizados en diversas materias primas para el nivel 18, considerado como Auriñaciense desde las primeras excavaciones organizadas por el I.P.H. El estudio que aquí presentamos está basado en la serie de útiles líticos y no sobre la totalidad de la industria con el fin de realizar una comparación de orden litológico en los diferentes grupos de útiles que aparecen en dicho nivel.The archaelogical site oí Castillo cave, in the new diggins that are in procesa since 1980, offers several raw materials for lithic industry in level 18 attributed to Aurignacien since the first excavations of I.P.H. We study in this work only the tipological tools and their raw materials, in order to mal(e a lithological comparison among different tool groups.

  17. Explicative memory of the geologic map of Uruguay. Esc. 1.500.000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi Porta, F.; Spoturno, J.; Rossi, P.; Heinzen, W.

    1985-01-01

    The Geological Map of Uruguay Esc. 1.500.000 is part of the Geological Map Programme developed by the Institute Geologic during the years 1977 - 1980. Its memory describe the geography, the lit ho stratigraphy and the crystalline area in the soil of Uruguay.

  18. A survey of Senecio spp. affecting livestock in Uruguay and their associated pyrrolizidine alkaloid content

    Science.gov (United States)

    In Eastern Uruguay there has been a significant increase of seneciosis in grazing livestock with most affected localities related to counties neighboring the Brazilian border. A survey in 28 farms associated with poisoning outbreaks in grazing cattle in Eastern Uruguay was carried out. Fifty populat...

  19. A PRODUÇÃO DE ROCHAS ORNAMENTAIS NO NOROESTE DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO: SANTO ANTÔNIO DE PÁDUA E ITALVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Pereira Silvestre

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O Noroeste Fluminense é o principal produtor de rochas ornamentais do estado. Os municípios de Santo Antônio de Pádua e Italva tem na produção de rochas ornamentais a base para o seu desenvolvimento socioeconômico. Este estudo objetiva caracterizar o processo de produção de rochas, identificando e caracterizando os principais problemas e soluções adotadas para solucioná-los. A metodologia empregada consistiu na realização de trabalhos de campo nas pedreiras, serrarias e instituições diretamente ligadas ao setor; e entrevistas com representantes de diferentes segmentos deste setor produtivo. Os resultados indicam que existem cerca de 300 microempresas empregando aproximadamente 6.000 pessoas, destas somente 140 são associadas ao sindicato local. Alguns empreendimentos ilegais causam desmatamentos e descartam rejeitos em locais impróprios, causando danos ao meio ambiente. Em conjunto, instituições públicas e privadas têm adotado medidas para sanar tais problemas, entre elas: assinatura do TAC (Termo de Ajustamento de Conduta, construção da empresa Argamil e instalação de tanques de decantação. Essas ações objetivam minimizar os impactos e proporcionar um desenvolvimento sustentável a região.

  20. The incidence and economic significance of ovine toxoplasmosis in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyre, A; Bonino, J; Falcón, J; Castells, D; Correa, O; Casaretto, A

    1999-02-01

    Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii were measured before and after pregnancy in a 1:64 dilution of sera with the direct agglutination test in 1613 ewes from 18 farms in eight different counties of Uruguay from 1992 to 1994. The overall seroprevalence increased from 28.7% before mating to 38.5% after lambing in 2.5 years and thus the incidence was 9.8%. Losses due to toxoplasmosis during pregnancy were estimated to be 1.4-3.9% of the total number of ewes investigated, amounting to approximately US$1.4-4.7 million for the whole country.

  1. PRIMER REGISTRO DE LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM (LYCOPODIACEAE PARA URUGUAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor A. González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Se registra por primera vez para la flora uruguaya a Lycopodium clavatum (Lycopodiaceae, hallada en los departamentos de Durazno y Maldonado. Este nuevo registro extiende su área de distribución, es- tableciendo las localidades situadas en el centro y este del Uruguay como el límite distribucional austral de Lycopodium s. str. Se presenta una descripción diagnóstica, un mapa de distribución en el país, así como la ilustración de la especie y fotografías del hábitat.

  2. Institutional regime of public-private participation in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Schiavi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently enacted legislation on Public Private Partnerships in Uruguay provides a new institutional framework for the designing, structuring and subscription of contracts in ppp projects. Among its provisions, the new statute allocates competences to different administrative bodies for the execution, regulation and control of PPP s. Later administrative regulations were also adopted to facilitate the implementation and execution of this type of contracts. The present article studies these reforms, in order to provide a better understanding of the role played by the Technical Commission of the PPP Unit.

  3. El gasto de los cruceristas en Uruguay 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiston Adrián Risso

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In the last years the cruise tourism has increased in Uruguay. In 2009/10 arrived 292,048 cruise passengers producing an average expenditure of U$S 61.05. The present study uses the cruise surveys of 2008/09 and 2009/09 to analyze the cruise passenger profile determining this expense level. We found that the Argentinean tourist reduces the expenditure in 29% and 41%, whereas the Brazilian tourist increases the average expenditure in 21% and 16% per head. The probability of spending is 86% and 86% in each period, and the displeasure for the prices decreases the probability in 7 and 4 perceptual points.

  4. Resistência e luta do movimento estudantil em Catolé do Rocha – 1968/1971

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    Jose Lima Soares

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo busca resgatar a trajetória histórica e a memória do movimento estudantil na cidade de Catolé do Rocha, no sertão paraibano, bem como as formas de cultura e resistência política nos idos de 1960/70, que se desenvolveram em pleno regime militar. Jovens estudantes formaram grupos de estudos, organizaram grupos de teatro, bibliotecas e tomaram partido na luta contra a ditadura e por uma sociedade justa, fraterna e igualitária: uma sociedade socialista. Essa juventude, movida pela rebeldia e pela radicalidade, assumiu uma importante luta influenciada pelos movimentos de esquerda e pela Revolução Cubana. No âmbito dessa trama, mesclam-se memória e história, cultura e política e a paixão pela causa revolucionária. Foi com esse espírito de luta e abnegação que a juventude catoleense se deparou no período que ficou conhecido como “anos de chumbo”.

  5. Recidiva criminal em 100 internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moscatello Roberto

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar a ocorrência de comportamento criminal recidivo em uma população de internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha. MÉTODOS: Cem internos de um Manicômio Judiciário em cumprimento de medida de segurança foram entrevistados, sendo todos do sexo masculino e com idades variando de 26 a 80 anos. Os diagnósticos preencheram critérios da CID-10, e os delitos cometidos foram verificados segundo o Código Penal Brasileiro. RESULTADOS: Dos 100 internos avaliados, 41% cometeram um crime, e 59% cometeram mais de um crime. As psicoses esquizofrênicas foram os diagnósticos mais freqüentes nos internos que cometeram um crime e naqueles que cometeram mais de um crime. Os diagnósticos retardo mental e transtornos de personalidade seguiram em freqüência nos que cometeram um crime. Transtornos de personalidade e retardo mental foram os diagnósticos que seguiram em freqüencia nos que cometeram mais de um crime. CONCLUSÕES: As psicoses esquizofrênicas predominaram nos internos avaliados. Crimes contra a vida foram mais comuns entre os que cometeram um crime, enquanto crimes contra o patrimônio predominaram entre os que cometeram mais de um crime.

  6. Observations on the Use of Manual Signs and Gestures in the Communicative Interactions between Native Americans and Spanish Explorers of North America: The Accounts of Bernal Diaz del Castillo and Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonvillian, John D.; Ingram, Vicky L.; McCleary, Brendan M.

    2009-01-01

    The accounts of two men who participated in several Spanish-led expeditions to the New World in the early 1500s document the frequent use of manual signs and gestures in the initial interactions between European explorers and the indigenous peoples of North America. Bernal Diaz del Castillo described the events that occurred during three…

  7. El Centro de Cardioestimuladores del Uruguay. CCC Medical Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Darscht

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Estudio de caso del Centro de Cardioestimuladores del Uruguay - CCC Medical Devices preparado a solicitud de Ingenio en el marco del proyecto financiado por la Iniciativa para Incubadoras de InfoDev - Grupo Banco Mundial. Este estudio detalla los pasos seguidos por una empresa nacional con un fuerte factor de innovación y los cambios producidos en el entorno de los negocios de la empresa. El comienzo de una pequeña empresa de marcapasos que tras pasar por diferentes etapas hoy gana mercados en el área de ingeniería para dispositivos médicos para diferentes empresas de investigación biomédica a nivel internacional.AbstractCase study of the Centro de Cardioestimuladores del Uruguay - CCC Medical Devices prepared on behalf of Ingenio within the project financed by de Incubator Initiative of InfoDev-World Bank Group. This study refers to the steps followed by a highly innovative local company and to the changes in its business environment. The start up of a small pacemakers company that after going through different stages is presently increasing its market share in the area of engineering of medical devices for biomedic research companies worldwide.

  8. Aging and cancer in Uruguay: epidemiology and health screenings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barrios, E.; Musé, I.

    2004-01-01

    According to estimates by the UICC 2020 the annual number of new cases cancer worldwide will reach 20 million, of which 14 occur in developing countries, which must address the problem with little human and material resources. This increase, in particular the care burden will weigh in countries development, is the result, among other factors, the transition patterns epidemiological, accompanied by an increase in life expectancy at birth. This determines the prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases within which highlights the cardiovascular and oncological diseases. In Uruguay, the life expectancy at birth has increased from 45 in 1900-75 to end of the century. In parallel we are witnessing a progressive aging of the population, with an increasing proportion of older age groups. taking population aged 65 or more, it represented 4.5% in 1908 and reached 21.2% in 2000 Similarly, cancer mortality has increased percentage, in 2001 representing 23.8% of total deaths. Depending on age, analyzed the increased risk of developing or dying from cancer in Uruguay and its impact is weighted mortality of seven locations more frequent. For each of these locations the percentage of deaths in the population of 65 or more years is as follows: lung 60.9%, breast 60.3%, prostate 91.4%, colorecto 78.3%, 72.3% stomach, esophagus 70.3%, 72.2% pancreas, averaging 69.4% overall. Some etiopathogenic aspects and care projections are discussed this onco-geriatric problems.

  9. Uruguay: el sur también existe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Morente Muñoz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La República Oriental del Uruguay resulta un país bastante desconocido. Creador del primer “Estado del Bienestar”, a principios del siglo XX, sus particularidades no lo hacen tan distinto al resto de países de América Latina. Padeció la dictadura más cruenta del Cono Sur y las inclemencias de las políticas neoliberales. En 2004, el Frente Amplio, conquista la mayoría parlamentaria y el gobierno, abriendo un camino de esperanzas y de reconstrucción económica y social. A través de sus políticas públicas, ahora desarrolladas por el segundo gobierno de la izquierda (2010, hace frente a la realidad heredada: más de un tercio de su población había sido condenada a la pobreza. Palabras-clave: Uruguay, dictadura, impunidad, derechos humanos.

  10. Bio fuels and family farming in Uruguay: A feasible alliance?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carambula, M.; Chiappe, M.; Fernandez, E.; Figueredo, S.

    2011-01-01

    The global energy crisis caused by high levels of fossil fuels consumption and the signs of oil depletion explain the search for alternative energy to traditional sources. Progress towards bio-fuels policy is positioned in a central place in Uruguay s political agenda. This context converges with a scenario of expansion of agricultural activity, marked by a dynamism based on the domestic economic environment changes, and major transformations in the productive base. In this context, in order to assess the social impacts resulting from the expansion of crops for energy purposes, this research was carried out. It explores the social impact of bio fuels production in Uruguay taking as a reference the situation of family farm production. It assumes that the demand of land for energy crop production puts pressure on other production systems. Related to this, it is possible to establish a continuum between a view that holds that family farms are marginal to bio fuel production, and an inclusive view which encourages the incorporation of family farmers into national production chains. In this scenario, the paper attempts to provide elements to answer the question about whether this new line of national production generates opportunities or threats to family farming

  11. El retiro de Uruguay de las negociaciones del TISA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Salgueiro Rubio

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, enfocado desde el punto de vista del Análisis de Política Exterior, busca determinar las razones por las cuales Uruguay se retiró de las negociaciones del TISA (Trade in Services Agreement, en setiembre de 2015. Se toma como punto de partida el análisis de negociaciones internacionales a doble nivel de Putnam, con el objetivo de explicar qué determinantes internas y externas desencadenaron la decisión presidencial de abandonar la negociación del acuerdo. Los principales factores a tener en cuenta incluyen las coaliciones e ideologías de los más importantes actores políticos y sociales a nivel nacional, el impacto de las instituciones que regulan la ratificación de acuerdos internacionales en el país, el estilo de toma de decisión del presidente Tabaré Vázquez y la dimensión ideacional de la inserción internacional del Uruguay según las percepciones de sus principales actores.

  12. El costo de ser independiente: el diseño fiscal de José María Castillo y Rada para la Gran Colombia, 1823-1827 The Cost of Being Independent. José María Castillo y Rada’s Tax Design for The Gran Colombia, 1823-1827

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Javier Barrera

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A través del diseño fiscal elaborado por José María Castillo y Rada en los años inmediatamente posteriores a la obtención de la independencia de España, este ensayo ofrece al lector un cercamiento a algunos de los desafíos fiscales que afrontó la tentativa ambiciosa de integración regional conocida como la Gran Colombia. Enprimer lugar, se realiza un breve recorrido por la estructura fiscal de los últimos años virreinales. En segunda instancia, se presentan los rasgos generales de la propuesta diseñada por Castillo y Rada y a continuación se pasa a considerar los desafíos afrontados por dicha propuesta. El trabajo concluye que los modelos historiográficos que se ha valido de la dicotomía liberalismo/proteccionismo se quedan cortos en la comprensión del alcance de esta política fiscal, la cual fue formulada dentro de un proceso de transición del sistema virreinal neogranadino al republicano que operó como un juego complejo de ajustes, innovaciones y perduraciones.Through fiscal design developed by José María Castillo y Rada in the years immediately after the independence from Spain, this paper offers to the reader an insight into some of the fiscal challenges faced by the regional integration attempt known as the Gran Colombia. First, there is a brief tour to the fiscal structure of the last colonial years. Secondly, it presents the general features of the proposal designed by Castillo y Rada and then the argumentation moves to the consideration of the challenges faced by this proposal. The paper concludes that historiographical models that have used the dichotomy Liberalism / Protectionism fall short in understanding the scope of this Fiscal Policy, which was formulated through a process of transition from colonial Nueva Granda system to the Republican system, which operated as a complex set of adjustments, innovations and permanences.

  13. Nota sobre an Vaso Campaniense de Imitación Procedente del Poblado Ilergeta de «El Castillo», en Chalamera (Huesca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique SANMARTÍ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Muy cerca de la localidad de Chalamera, en la provincia de Huesca, existe un núcleo, habitado en la antigüedad, conocido como «El Castillo»; este poblado se halla enclavado en la cima del promontorio que domina a aquella población, sobre la orilla derecha del río Cinca y la izquierda de Alcanadre, en un punto que por dominar la llanura y elevaciones circundantes goza de unas condiciones estratégicas extraordinarias, evidenciadas, no sólo por los restos de un poblamiento prerromano, romano y medieval, sino también por la existencia en la cumbre de fortificaciones adaptadas al terreno y poco sobresalientes de él, que posiblemente debieron ser construidas en el siglo xvm, y de abundantes trindheras que permiten suponer una utilización militar de este punto durante la última guerra civil.

  14. Polydactyly suggesting local husbandry of Pre-Columbian camelids: A case from Castillo de Huarmey archaeological site, northern coast of Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomczyk, Weronika; Giersz, Miłosz

    2017-03-01

    Three camelid metapodials with polydactyly (additional digits) were found at the Wari culture archaeological site (dated to the Middle Horizon) of Castillo de Huarmey. The anomalous bones were excavated among numerous remains, and presumably represent animals that were sacrificed within the principal mortuary mausoleum. The bones derive from at least two individuals. The etiology of the deformities remains unknown, but the most probable causes include low genetic diversity in the herd or unintended effect of selective breeding. The likelihood of impaired locomotion suggests birth and rearing within the site vicinity. The animals were juvenile, apparently killed around the age of sexual maturity, when they would have attained maximum body mass. Purposeful funerary proceedings with deformed animals suggest (at least) a locally developed camelid husbandry. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Andrés del Río, Antonio del Castillo y José G. Aguilera en el desarrollo de la ciencia mexicana del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uribe Salas, José Alfredo

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the intrinsic relation between education and science in the process of institutionalization of mineralogy and geology in nineteenth-century Mexico. It focuses on the intellectual leadership of three men of sciences in the modernization and professionalization of geology’s curricula. These were: Andrés Manuel del Río, Antonio del Castillo y José G. Aguilera. The work of these men represents the human foundation of the process of institutionalization and professionalization of Earth Sciences in Mexico: from the Royal Mining Seminar, to the Mining School and the National School of Engineering, to the National Institute of Geology, the latter the immediate antecedent of the modern Institute of Geology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM.

    En el artículo se analiza la relación intrínseca entre educación y ciencia en el proceso de institucionalización de la mineralogía y la geología en México del siglo XIX. Destacamos el liderazgo intelectual de tres hombres de ciencia que desempeñaron un esfuerzo articulador en la modernización de los planes de estudio y profesionalización de la geología mexicana. Ellos son: Andrés Manuel del Río, Antonio del Castillo y José G. Aguilera. El trabajo de estos tres hombres representa el soporte humano del proceso de institucionalización y profesionalización de las Ciencias de la Tierra, primero a través del Real Seminario de Minería, pasando por la Escuela de Minería y la Escuela Nacional de Ingenieros, para terminar en el Instituto de Geológico Nacional, antecedente directo del actual Instituto de Geología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

  16. Estudios tafonómicos del nivel Auriñaciense Arcaico de la cueva de El Castillo (Pueste Visgo, Cantabria : los microdesechos líticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Peretti

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan los microdesechos líticos del nivel Auriñaciense Arcaico de la Cueva de El Castillo. En el mismo se presenta la metodología y técnica para efectuar este tipo de análisis. Los resultados obtenidos permiten identificar: 1 que se han llevado a cabo actividades de manufactura, uso, modificación y mantenimiento de los utensilios; 2 se han priorizado estrategias tecnológicas conservadoras en detrimento de las expeditivas; 3 se han localizado posibles áreas de actividad de talla in situ; 4 utilización preferencial de percutores blandos con relación a los duros; 5 selección preferencial de materias primas Ifticas; 6 finalmente, se han reconocido acumulaciones primarias y secundarias que podrían responder a los procesos postdeposicionales del depósito arqueológico.In this paper we have studied the lithic microdebitage of the Earliest Aurignacian Level of the El Castillo Cave. The methodology and technique to perform this type of analysis also is presented. The results obtained allow to identify: 1 Manufacture, use, modification and maintenance activities of tools that have been implemented; 2 Curated technological strategies have been developed in a bigger vjay than the expedient ones; 3 Some possible flintworking activity áreas have been located; 4 Preferential utilization of soft hammers over tfie hard ones; 5 Raw material selection; 6 flnally, it is been recognized priman/ and secondary clusters that could fiave fiad ttieir origin in tfie postdepositional formation processes of ttie arcfiaeological deposit.

  17. Evaluación de la reforma del sistema de pensiones en Uruguay / Evaluating Pension System Reform in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Garmendia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se evalúa la reforma del sistema de pensiones en Uruguay, a través de variables como la cobertura, el impacto fiscal, la acumulación de fondos, la rentabilidad, y los costos asociados a la operativa de las Administradoras de Fondos de Ahorro Previsional (afap. Dicha reforma se evalúa positivamente, aun cuando se identifican elementos que deben considerarse en el futuro: extender la reforma al resto del sistema previsional que no se incluyó en ésta; generar la institucionalidad adecuada para regular y supervisar todo el sistema previsional; ajustar la edad de retiro para acceder a las prestaciones; y brindar mayores alternativas para las inversiones de las afap.This article evaluates the reform to the system of pensions in Uruguay through these variables: coverage, fiscal impact, accumulation of funds, yield, and costs associated to the operation of the Administradoras de Fondos de Ahorro Previsional (afaps. The reform is evaluated positively, even though elements are identified, that must be considered in the future: to extend the reform to the rest of the system that was not included before, generate the correct structure to regulate and supervise the system, fit the age of retirement to accede to benefits, and offer alternatives for investments of the afaps.

  18. Técnica, arte y temas fundamentales de la existencia. Consideraciones sobre el discurso de Paulo Mendes da Rocha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Villac

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available El enfoque de este documento tiene como objetivo discutir la relevancia de la técnica y del arte en el discurso en la arquitectura de Paulo Mendes da Rocha. Examina los textos del arquitecto, comprometido con la praxis y discute la “técnica” a la luz de la importancia que asume en la configuración de la arquitectura y de su dependencia a un programa de vida inherente a la humanidad. La dimensión del “arte”, por su parte integrada a la vida, es observada como la que siempre garantiza la condición inaugural de la obra y la prolongación de las características inherentes a los procesos ordinarios de la vida cotidiana. El argumento del texto se hace a partir de las palabras del arquitecto, considerando las memorias del proyecto, las clases impartidas, los testimonios y las entrevistas publicadas. Defiende la posición de que las especulaciones y la ética que revela el discurso son miembros de un “cuerpo del conocimiento” inherente a el “modus operandi” del proyecto. Para aquellos que conocen o se acercan a la obra, el amparo de las palabras del arquitecto explica que el saber de la arquitectura está en la discusión de un horizonte que implica al sujeto, a la humanidad y al mundo que construye. Este arco intencional, que se revela en el trazado individual de la obra, se ampara en racionalidad y enseña que la espacialidad es una condición y un valor de la vida, un discurso y una acción histórica interdependientes a la sensibilidad artística de la naturaleza humana. Para la comprensión de la arquitectura de Paulo Mendes da Rocha, que aspira ser la expresión de la objetividad como designación “radical” de la técnica, es necesario retroceder a los textos del arquitecto comprometido con la praxis e involucrado directamente con la producción de los sentidos de la arquitectura. El discurso revela que: en la “naturalidad inclusiva” de la dimensión estética se establece la mediaci

  19. Um brasileiro no Reich de Guilherme II: Henrique da Rocha Lima, as relações Brasil-Alemanha e o Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1901-1909 A Brazilian in the Reich of Wilhelm II: Henrique da Rocha Lima, Brazil-Germany relations and the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1901-1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Felipe Cândido da Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta a trajetória do médico brasileiro Henrique da Rocha Lima, um dos primeiros a compor o grupo de jovens pesquisadores do Instituto Soroterápico de Manguinhos (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Examina sua primeira viagem à Alemanha, onde se especializou em microbiologia e anatomia patológica, configurando sua identidade profissional. As tensões e dilemas enfrentados por Rocha Lima permitem melhor compreender o que significava a dedicação à carreira científica no Brasil do início do século XX. Ademais, lançam luz sobre a importância das relações com o mundo germânico para a medicina experimental que se instituía sob a liderança de Oswaldo Cruz.This article follows the career of the Brazilian physician Henrique da Rocha Lima, one of the first to join the group of young researchers working at the Instituto Soroterápico de Manguinhos (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. It describes his first voyage to Germany where he specialized in microbiology and pathological anatomy, training that shaped his subsequent professional identity. The tensions and dilemmas experienced by Rocha Lima provide an insight into what it meant to dedicate oneself to a scientific career in Brazil at the start of the twentieth century. They also reveal the importance of the relations with the German-speaking world for the experimental medicine that became established under the leadership of Oswaldo Cruz.

  20. "Anything goes"?: o diálogo implícito de Paul Feyerabend com dois pesquisadores brasileiros, Maurício da Rocha e Silva e Newton Freire-Maia "Anything goes"?: the implicit dialogue between Paul Feyerabend and two Brazilian researchers, Maurício da Rocha e Silva and Newton Freire-Maia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Inácio Bastos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O filósofo Paul Feyerabend e os cientistas brasileiros Maurício da Rocha e Silva e Newton Freire-Maia foram contemporâneos e viram-se às voltas com dilemas fundamentais da ciência. A proposta anarquista de Feyerabend, então embrionária, foi formulada em paralelo por Rocha e Silva, em sua crítica ao método científico. Transcorridas duas décadas, as ideias de Feyerabend parecem motivar implicitamente Newton Freire-Maia nas reflexões sobre a ciência. A teia de inter-relações das ideias desses três homens - que jamais interagiram - toca questões centrais da ciência brasileira de 1960 a 1980, período em que ela se consolida, em diálogo com a nascente reflexão sobre a ciência e o método científico no país.The philosopher Paul Feyerabend and Brazilian scientists Maurício da Rocha e Silva and Newton Freire-Maia were contemporaries and lived surrounded by the fundamental dilemnas of science. The anarchist proposal of Feyerabend, then embryonic, was formulated in parallel by Rocha e Silva in his criticism of the scientific method. Two decades later, Feyerabend's ideas seemed implicitly to stimulate Newton Freire-Maia in his reflections on science. The web of interrelationships in the ideas of these three men - who never interacted - touches on central issues for Brazilian science from 1960 to 1980, a period in which the latter is consolidated in a dialogue with the nascent reflection on science and the scientific method in Brazil.

  1. Modelos de investigación del mercado español y del plan de marketing estratégico para la Pera Rocha portuguesa

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira Jordao, José de Sousa

    2011-01-01

    Se trata del análisis de las preferencias del mercado español sobre la Perla Rocha, un pera genuinamente portuguesa, para el diseño de un plan de marketing estratégico al final. En el presente estudio, en un intento de aportar información al respecto, en primer lugar, se presenta la justificación y objetivos del trabajo; seguidamente se desarrolla un cuadro conceptual y un conjunto de hipótesis, de que resulta la metodología aplicada en la investigación empírica. Tras ofrecer una visión panor...

  2. ROCHA, Ana Luiza Carvalho; ECKERT, Cornelia. Antropologia da e na cidade: interpretações sobre as formas da vida urbana

    OpenAIRE

    Dauster, Tania

    2014-01-01

    Antropologia da e na cidade: interpretações sobre as formas da vida urbana, das autoras Ana Luiza Rocha e Cornelia Eckert, expressa um percurso de investigação e uma linhagem que tem como fonte a antropologia urbana em inter-relações com a antropologia da imagem. O livro é um feixe de oito artigos anteriormente publicados em periódicos científicos, oriundos de estudos antropológicos e práticas etnográficas em cidades brasileiras, com foco privilegiado em Porto Alegre. Trata-se de uma obra ded...

  3. Self-propelled prospection methodology: first results obtained in the northeast basin (Uruguay)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, H; Spoturno, J; Peciozzi, F.

    2008-01-01

    This report refers about uranium prospection methodology in Uruguay and its first results obtained in the northeast basin.The preliminary radiometric researching is carried out four works phases: material preparation, radiometric, statistics analysis, anomalies revision

  4. Contribution to the knowledge of the Val le Chico Uruguay formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pirelli, H.

    1999-01-01

    This research has been designed to contribute with Val le Chico Uruguay formation knowledge, taking into the alkaline type tectonic environment, geochronology, granitoid types, lithologies and mineralizations existing in the area

  5. Uruguay mining Inventory: geochemical prospecting results of Cerro de las Cuentas mapping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spangenberg, J.; Filippini, J.

    1986-01-01

    This work is about the geochemical prospecting carried out into the Uruguay mining inventory framework. In this case the survey was in Cerro de las Cuentas mapping. Cerro Largo department. Scale 1 / 50000.

  6. New proposal for the Piedras de Afilar lithostratigraphic formation, upper Neo proterozoic of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pamoukaghlian, K.; Gaucher, C.; Poire, D.

    2010-01-01

    This work is about the Piedras de Afilar lithostratigraphic formation which is part of Tandilia Precambrian terrain of Uruguay. This sedimentary sequence of Neo proterozoic age is supported by a Paleoproterozoic basement

  7. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Cololo Sheet 0-19

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morales, H.; Ford, I.; Montana, J.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Cololo) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils of Holocene, Oligocene and upper Cretaceous in Asencio and Fray Bentos formations

  8. Uruguay vasakpoolne president tahab vaeses riigis korra majja lüüa / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    Märtsikuus tuli Uruguays võimule vasakpoolne koalitsioon. President Tabare Vazquez peab kõige olulisemaks vaesusest jagusaamist riigis, välispoliitikas on tema eelistus sidemete arendamine teiste vasakpoolsete režiimidega

  9. The Permian basin geology in the north of Uruguay.Sedimentology exam about the uranium signs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lhomer, A.; Manigault, B.; Doyhenart, A.; Rossi, P.; Spoturno, J.; De Santana, H.; Vaz, N.

    1982-01-01

    The basin is located in the Precambrian insular shelf limited to the North. East and South. The North (Brazil) and south (Uruguay) edge are constituted by the insular shelf ancient nucleus which dates from 2000 million years.

  10. Cinnabar presence ar round the Valentin stream in Florida district of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez, L.

    1993-01-01

    Some little grains of cinnabar were found in Valentin River, Florida, Uruguay during the Gold Exploration Project on the Area in 1991. We present some chemical data to prove the existence of mercury probably related to a greissen hydrothermal event.

  11. An estimation of the wage curve for Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Rodríguez-Villamil Cecilia

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La existencia de la relación empírica entre salario y desempleo en Uruguay, se analizada en este trabajo. Se estiman varios modelos para el período 1986-2005 utilizando dos aproximaciones para medir el salario. Se obtiene una elasticidad de -0,09 entre desempleo y salarios. La elasticidad es mayor para los jóvenes, las mujeres y los menos educados. Los resultados indican que la elasticidad crece ante choques macroeconómicos adversos. Además, al desagregar por ocupación o formalidad e informalidad, los resultados sugieren que un aumento del desempleo produce un aumento de la informalidad y del cuentapropismo que lleva a una caída de los ingresos en estos sectores, que actúan como “amortiguador”.

  12. Some aspects of the nuclear education of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rebellato, Ana; Hermida Lamanna, Juan C.

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the status and trend of university education in Uruguay doing special emphasis on the nuclear area. Furthermore, the regulatory framework, current education law, main principles which govern, objectives, brief description of the Ceibal plan and social inclusion for children and adolescents are listed. They are presented the main indicators at different levels of education. A special section presents bodies historical background which they have developed nuclear activities. They are described lines of work in the development and use of nuclear techniques in the most recent country and statement of projects Cyclotron (CUDIM) and gamma irradiation (LATU).Current status and trends in nuclear power generation energy policy its regulatory framework .Main offer in university careers in the subject, new courses creating and educational resources available: e learning environment program - PROEVA and free institutional knowledge repositories of the University -COLIBRI ROU

  13. LA FAMILIA APOCYNACEAE S. STR. (APOCYNOIDEAE, RAUVOLFIOIDEAE EN URUGUAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Francisco Morales

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un tratamiento de las Apocynaceae s. str. (Apocynoideae, Rauvolfioideae de Uruguay. Se reconocen diez especies de un total de siete géneros: Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco, Condylocarpon isthmicum, Forsteronia glabrescens, Mandevilla coccinea, M. emarginata, M. longiflora, M. petraea, Rhabdadenia madida, Tabernaemontana catharinensis, Vinca major. Se incluyen descripciones, claves, datos de distribución y especimenes examinados. Se seleccionan lectotipos para Dipladenia xanthosoma var. major, Echites emarginatus, E. erectus, E. grandiflorus var. minor, E. pinifolius, Laseguea erecta var. guilleminia f. griseo-olivacea , L. erecta var. obliquinervia f. ovata subf. griseofusca y subf. griseo-olivacea, L. guilleminiana, Macrosiphonia verticillata var. intermedia, M. verticillata var. peduncularis, M. pinifolia f. glabrata y M. pinifolia f. setosa Se designa un neotipo para Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco.

  14. AVANCE INSUFICIENTE: el caso del Ingreso Ciudadano en el Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Baráibar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Enmarcado en la tradición de intervención estatal en Uruguay y en el desarrollo en América Latina a partir de los 90 de políticas de transferencia de ingresos, este artículo analiza el Programa “Ingreso Ciudadano” implementado en el 2005, para responder a la situación de emergencia social. Luego de caracterizarlo, se señalan sus principales contribuciones y limitaciones. Se trata de un programa que ha permitido el acceso a cierto nivel de protección a familias que no lo tenían y ha contribuido a reducir la indigencia, pero es muy baja su incidencia en la reducción de la pobreza y la desigualdad.

  15. La innovación en Uruguay. Problemas, instituciones, perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Sutz

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se aborda la innovación en Uruguay desde dos puntos de vista: por una parte, se plantea la innovación como problema; por otra, se analiza el tejido institucional en el cual se desarrollan los procesos innovativos. La necesidad de esfuerzos en el marco del desarrollo científico-tecnológico mundial, la especificidad de un país pequeño, la inadecuación de las formas canónicas de la evaluación académica, el desconocimiento de los actores productivos acerca de la oferta local de soluciones, y la innovación como cuestión de Estado, constituyen el primer abordaje. El segundo presenta un mapa sintético de las diversas instituciones -incluyendo empresas- involucradas en procesos de innovación, señalando sus logros y limitaciones.

  16. Abortion in Uruguay and Latin America: The position of citizens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Máximo Rossi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abortion is illegal in most Latin American countries, although there are some attenuating and exonerating causes in its practice. However, studies performed in countries with liberalizing processes for more than two decades, such as the United States, show the persistence of different attitudes towards abortion, which go from points of view that are pro-life to points of view that are pro-choice. Based on Latinobarómetro 2007, this paper analyzes the attitudinal patterns of individuals towards abortion, with emphasis on its degree of justification according to socio-economic features, faith and religion, as well as the countries’ own characteristics. Ordinary least squares estimates for 18 Latin American countries show that men under 40, agnostic, highly educated and with socioeconomic access are those that justify abortion the most; likewise, Uruguay —particularly its female population— is the country where it is most justified.

  17. Hormonal receptors and oncogenesis in mammary cancer: experience in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garofalo, E.; Artagaveytia, N.

    2000-01-01

    Uruguay in the American continent, it is the country that has high index of mortality for mammary cancer in the woman, staying in levels of 25 for 100.000 women, similar to the countries of westerrn Europe.It is presents particular characteristics related with our nutritious habits among other factors interest it has been directed to the search of different molecular indicators related with the evolution and with the answer to the treatment in the mammary cancer, such as receiving hormonals factors of growths and related oncogenes The purpose of the present work is to revise the carried out experience and to analyse the achieved advances in the detection of these tumorals markers in our country

  18. Los emisarios culturales del fascismo en el Uruguay de entreguerras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Andrés Bresciano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el período interbélico, escritores, artistas y científicos italianos visitan Uruguay para dictar conferencias o realizar actividades de divulgación cultural. Patrocinados por el régimen fascista y recibidos por la Legación Italiana en Montevideo, se convierten en embajadores de una latinidad supuestamente renovada y aparentemente vigorosa, fruto del Nuevo Orden. El presente artículo estudia detenidamente las actividades que los visitantes realizan y las repercusiones que generan en la comunidad ítalo-uruguaya con el propósito de ilustrar las estrategias propagandísticas utilizadas por las autoridades diplomáticas que los invitan.

  19. Diptera, Ceratopogonidae, Dasyhelea necrophila Spinelli and Rodriguez, 1999: Detection of eggs in ovitraps, in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez, M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ovitraps with eggs of Dasyhelea necrophila were detected at five localities in Uruguay during surveillance andcontrol of Aedes aegypti. Relevant dates of oviposition in wild of this Ceratopogonidae species are included in additionto previous laboratory work on the species. Eggs of D. necrophila were deposited together with eggs of Culicidae andPsychodidae. These are the first records of the species from Uruguay.

  20. Kepentingan Pemerintah Uruguay Melegalisasi Ganja Pada Masa Pemerintahan Jose Alberto Mujica Cordano Tahun 2010-2015

    OpenAIRE

    Nainggolan, Pebrianto; Yelta, Den

    2015-01-01

    This study explain about Uruguay government interests to legalization marijuana in the reign of Jose Alberto Mujica Cordano in 2013. Uruguay is a first country who legalize cultivation, distribution, and consumtion of marijuana in the world. Marijuana is plant which producing a fiber, but better known as narcotic substance in the seeds that can make the user feeling pleasure without cause. This regulation was first proposed by Jose Alberto Mujica Cordano and approved by parlament and senate. ...

  1. Groundwater arsenic content in Raigon Aquifer System (San Jose, Uruguay)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manay, N.; Piston, M.; Goso, C.; Fernnandez, T.; Rejas, M.; Garcia Valles, M.

    2013-01-01

    As a Medical Geology research issue, an environmental arsenic risk assessment study in the most important sedimentary aquifer in southern Uruguay is presented. The Raigon Aquifer System is the most exploited in Uruguay. It has a surface extent of about 1,800 square kilometres and 10,000 inhabitants in San Jose Department, where it was studied. Agriculture and cattle breeding are the main economic activities and this aquifer is the basic support. The groundwater sampling was done on 37 water samples of PRENADER (Natural Resources Management and Irrigation Development Program) wells. Outcropping sediments of Raigon Formation and the overlying Libertad Formation were also sampled in the Kiyu region. The analyses were performed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The results showed 80% samples with arsenic levels exceeding the 10 μg/l of WHO as limit for waters, and 11% exceeds the 20 μg/l limit of uruguayan regulation. The median, maximum and minimum water arsenic concentrations determined have been 14.24, 24.19 and 1.44 μg/l, respectively. On the other hand, nine sediment samples of Raigon and Libertad Formations in Kiyu region were analysed and yielded median, maximum and minimum arsenic concentrations of 5.03, 9.82 and 1.18 ppm, respectively. This issue leads to the supposition that the population, as well as industrial and agricultural activities, are consuming water with arsenic concentrations over the national and international maximum recommended limit.

  2. Implicancias del uso de nonoxinol en el Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Míguez Carames

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Los disruptores endócrinos interfieren con la actividad de las hormonas en el organismo, imitando o bloqueando a las naturales. Son ubicuas y bioacumulables. Los que interfieren con estrógenos pueden provocar cáncer o una merma de la capacidad reproductora, además de cambios en el sexo de los peces y una afectación de la biodiversidad. En nuestro país aun se están consumiendo sustancias han sido prohibidas a nivel mundial por causar estos efectos. Así por ejemplo, desde enero de 2005 en Europa se ha prohibido productos con más de 0,1% de nonilfenol polietoxilado. En Uruguay se usa cada vez más, como agente de limpieza industrial (lavaderos de lana, curtiembres, institutional y doméstica (polvos de baja espuma, limpiadores. Es poco biodegradable y llega a los cursos de agua, sus sedimentos y a los seres vivos. Se debería tomar conciencia de la gravedad de este asunto y utilizar los sucedáneos para prevenir estas consecuencias.AbstractEndocrine disruptors interfere with the hormonal activity in the organism, mimicking or blocking natural hormones. They are ubiquitous and bioaccumulative. These substances interfere with estrogens and may cause cancer or a decrease in reproductive capacity in addition to changes in the sex of fish and an affectation of biodiversity. In our country we are still consuming substances that have been prohibited globally for causing these effects. For example, since January 2005 in Europe has banned products with more than 0.1% of nonylphenol polyethoxylated. In Uruguay, it is increasingly used as an industrial cleaning agent (wool washing, tanneries, institutional and domestic cleaning (low foam powdered detergents, cleaners. It has low biodegradability and reaches the waterways, sediments and living beings. We should grasp the seriousness of this matter and use substitutes to prevent these consequences.

  3. Caracterização das rochas hospedeiras e da mineralização sulfetada do Alvo Estrela (Cu-Au), Serra dos Carajás, Pará

    OpenAIRE

    Fleck, André

    2005-01-01

    André Fleck As rochas hospedeiras do Alvo Estrela (Cu-Au), na região da Serra dos Carajás, são andesitos e gabros calcioalcalinos e cogenéticos pertencentes ao Grupo Grão Pará, do Supergrupo Itacaiúnas, formados há 2,7 Ga. As rochas do alvo correspondem a uma seqüência de 400-600m de espessura de andesitos e gabros alterados compostos de hastingsita, Fepargasita, Fe-hornblenda, oligoclásio-andesina, albita, magnetita, biotitas, dravita e schorlita, com menores quantidades de chamosita. Textur...

  4. Uruguay; Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-Data Module and the Response by the Authorities

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2001-01-01

    The paper provides a summary of Uruguay's practices with respect to the coverage, periodicity, and timeliness of the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) data categories, and an assessment of the quality of national accounts, prices, fiscal, monetary and financial, and external sector statistics. Uruguay has made good progress recently in improving the dissemination of statistical information. The Internet pages of the Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) and the National Institute of Statisti...

  5. Organized factions and disorganized parties: electoral incentives in Uruguay Grupos organizados y partidos desorganizados: incentivos electorales en Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott MORGENSTERN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper extends the study of party organization and legislative voting to factionalize party systems. After developing a typology of factional types, it argues that hierarchically organized factions respond to a competing incentive system. Factions have interests that push them to work together for the good of the party, but at the same time, they have interests in distinguishing themselves for electoral purposes. Further, the electoral cycle drives the weights of these competing pressures, leading factional cooperation to break down as elections near. These patterns and incentives are particularly evident in Uruguay, and the paper uses roll-call data from that country's legislature to test the propositionsEl presente artículo aplica el estudio de la organización de partidos y el voto legislativo a sistemas de partidos con facciones. Tras desarrollar una clasificación de los diferentes tipos de facciones, se argumenta que las facciones jerárquicamente organizadas responden a un sistema competitivo de incentivos. Pese a que las facciones tienen intereses que las empujan a trabajar juntas por el bien del partido, al mismo tiempo, tienen interés en diferenciarse unas de otras por propósitos electorales. Además, el ciclo electoral dirige los pesos de estas presiones competitivas provocando la ruptura en la cooperación entre las facciones conforme se aproximan las elecciones. Estas pautas e incentivos son particularmente evidentes en el caso de Uruguay, por lo que el artículo utiliza datos del voto nominal del Legislativo del país para probar estos argumentos.

  6. Balanço geoquímico de solos derivados de rochas básico-ultrabásicas no ambiente subtropical do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. F. S. Pinto

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available O balanço de massa da intemperização de solos desenvolvidos de rochas básico-ultrabásicas no Rio Grande do Sul, os menos intemperizados constatados até o presente no estado, mostrou nos horizontes superficiais uma concentração relativa mais elevada dos elementos móveis do que nos subsuperficiais, indicando a existência de descontinuidade entre eles. Tais feições, em conjunto com a mineralogia e com a morfologia dos perfis investigados, indicam a ocorrência de eventos erosivo-deposicionais em um passado pedogeneticamente recente, bem como uma contribuição importante de materiais intempericamente menos evoluídos para a composição mineral dos horizontes superficiais. Esses eventos erosivos e o rejuvenescimento superficial dos perfis explicam o pouco desenvolvimento e a semelhança química e mineralógica desses solos com os desenvolvidos de rochas básico-ultrabásicas em regiões temperadas.

  7. Feições Cársticas em Rochas Siliciclásticas no Oeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul – Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo de Souza Robaina

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Na Bacia Hidrográfica do Ibicuí, localizada na região oeste-sudoeste do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, ocorrem formas do terreno e mesmo associação de formas semelhantes àquelas de relevo cárstico, entretanto são produzidas por diferentes processos. Este artigo apresenta estudos desenvolvidos em feições de cavernas, típicas de relevo cárstico que se desenvolvem em rochas siliciclásticas da Bacia Sedimentar do Paraná. A origem morfogenética está relacionada com a evolução e aceleração de processos erosivos associado ao fluxo subterrâneo controlados por lineamentos estruturais e estratificação da rocha sedimentar. O mapeamento e estudo destas feições podem demonstrar a extensão e diversidade das formas tipo cársticas na área e contribuir para entender o modelo evolutivo das vertentes na área de estudo.

  8. Una propuesta de antropología teológica en castillo interior de Santa Teresa de Ávila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Serrano Pérez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta a Santa Teresa de Ávila (1515-1582 en un contexto histórico marcado por la apertura y el resurgimiento teológico, junto con un giro a posturas rígidas. En ese tiempo ella funda 17 conventos y escribe todas sus obras. Castillo Interior es el último eslabón de su proceso de autocomunicación, en que codifica su pensamiento teológico, estructurado en siete moradas que dan cuenta de la relación entre Dios y la respuesta humana. Este trabajo muestra la antropología de una Teología mística, como la autora deine su obra Castillo Interior, y trata de sintetizar la antropología teológica teresiana como un proceso salvíico desde el origen hasta la consumación. Finalmente se ofrecen unos rasgos característicos de la antropología teresiana en la que el misterio del ser humano se esclarece en Dios trinitario, es decir en la sabiduría amorosa del Espíritu.The a presents Saint Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582 in an historical context marked by theological resurgence and opening, together with a shift to rigid positions. In this period, she founds 17 convents and writes all her work. Interior Castle is the last link in her process of self-communication, and in which she encodes her theological thinking, structured in seven mansions that account for the relationship between God and the human response. This work shows the anthropology of a Mystical theology, as the author deines her work Interior Castle, and tries to synthesize Teresian theological anthropology as a salvific process from origin to consummation. Finally, the articles gives some characteristic features of Teresian anthropology, in which the mystery of human beings is illuminated in the Trinitarian God, i.e., in the loving wisdom of the Spirit.

  9. El Alcázar de Madrid. Del castillo Trastámara al palacio de los Austrias (Ss. XV-1543

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso Ruiz, Begoña

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The medieval Alcázar (fortress of Madrid was transformed into the residential palace of the Austrian dynasty in Spain from the reign of Charles I through that of Charles II. On Christmas Eve 1734, during the reign of the Bourbon king Philip V, the palace suffered a devastating fire, resulting in the construction of a new Royal palace, already baroque, on the same site. This research reconstructs the history – until now fragmented – of this lost medieval castle, contributing new source materials concerning the successive interventions carried out on the building. Specifically, this investigation focuses on the improvements realized during the period of the Catholic Monarchs and the first works commissioned by Charles V, prior to the definitive royal bond of 1536. This document marks the beginning of a new chapter in the constructive history of the building, when the old castle was transformed definitively into a residential palace, while highlighting the symbolic value of the Sala Rica and the rooms of protocol constructed during the Trastámara period.El alcázar medieval de Madrid se convirtió en la gran residencia de los Austrias desde la llegada de Carlos I al reinado de Carlos II. En la Nochebuena de 1734, reinando ya Felipe V de Borbón, el palacio sufrió un devastador incendio, resultado del cual se inicia la construcción del nuevo Palacio Real, ya barroco, sobre su solar. En esta investigación nos ocupamos de reconstruir la historia –hasta ahora fragmentada– de ese castillo medieval, aportando nuevos datos documentales acerca de las sucesivas intervenciones sufridas en el edificio. Nos centramos de forma especial en las obras realizadas en el período de los Reyes Católicos y en las primeras encargadas por Carlos V, antes de la definitiva real cédula de 1536 que marca el comienzo de un nuevo capítulo en la historia constructiva del edificio al transformarse de manera definitiva el viejo castillo en un palacio residencial

  10. La metodología de la hipótesis de atribución de autor aplicada a las figuras en los omoplatos de El Castillo (Cantabria, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan María Apellániz

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un análisis crítico de la validez metodológica de los criterios de atribución de autoría aplicables a las figuras de animales grabadas sobre los omoplatos magdalenienses de la cuevas El Castillo (Cantabria, España propuestos por el Prof. Fernández Lombera

  11. Lead contamination in Uruguay: the "La Teja" neighborhood case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mañay, Nelly; Cousillas, Adriana Z; Alvarez, Cristina; Heller, Teresa

    2008-01-01

    Lead, ubiquitous in the environment as a result of mining and industrialization, is found as a contaminant in humans although it has no known physiological function there. Lead-exposed children are known to be the population with the highest potential health risks. The recommended biomarker to assess environmental lead exposure in animals is lead level in blood. Before 2001, the Department of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene was the only team to produce human monitoring data on Uruguayan populations (Manay 2001a,b; Mañay et al. 1999). Lead pollution in Uruguay first received official attention during the 2001 La Teja poisoning episode. It was in the La Teja neighbourhood of Montevideo that high BLL were found in children (as high as 20 microg/dL), prompting corrective responses from Health and Environmental authorities. Growing awareness of environmental lead pollution and consequential human health effects from that event, resulted in public debate and demands for solutions from Health and Environmental authorities. Citizens demanded public disclosure of information concerning lead pollution and wanted action to address contaminated Uruguayan sites. In response, the Ministry of Health assembled an interinstitutional multidisciplinary committee, with delegates from health, environmental, labor, educational, and social security authorities, as well as community nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), among others. The University of the Republic was designated to serve as the main responsible entity for technical advice and support. After 2001, new research on lead pollution was undertaken and included multidisciplinary studies with communities in response to health risk alerts. The main emphasis was placed on children exposed to environmental lead. Major sources of Uruguayan lead contamination, similar to those in other developing countries, result from metallurgical industries, lead-acid battery processing, lead wire and pipe factories, metal foundries, metal

  12. Emigrantes y exiliados judíos en Uruguay

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    Silvia Facal Santiago

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A lo largo de más de dos milenios, los judíos fueron víctimas del antijudaísmo y del antisemitismo imperantes en los más variopintos lugares del Viejo Mundo. Es por todos recordada la expulsión, de todos aquellos judíos que no quisieron convertirse al cristianismo, operada en la España de los Reyes Católicos, en 1492. Este tipo de hechos se han ido repitiendo a lo largo de la historia hasta el ascenso del nazismo al poder en Alemania en 1933, pasando por los brotes de antisemitismo operados en la Europa de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Debido a ello, muchos judíos tomaron la decisión de marcharse y buscar destinos más tolerantes para rehacer sus vidas, como fue el caso de Uruguay. Entre el último tercio del siglo XIX y la primera mitad del XX llegaron a estas orillas del Plata, unos 50.000 inmigrantes y refugiados judíos._____________________ABSTRACT:During more than two millenniums, the Jews have been victims of the anti- Judaism and anti-Semitism prevailing in diverse places of the Old World.The expulsion, of all those Jew that didn’t want to convert themselves to Cristianism, done in the Spain of the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, is well-remembered by everybody. This type of facts has been repeated during history up to the promotion of Nazism to power in Germany in 1933, getting by the germs of anti-Semitism occurred in the Europe of the second half of the nineteenth century. Due to that, lots of Jews made the decision of going away to look for more tolerant destinies for remaking their lives, as it was the case of Uruguay. Between the last third of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century, 50.000 jewish immigrants and refugees arrived to these coasts of the Plata’s River.

  13. Fiscalidad y política en Colombia (1821-1830: El pensamiento liberal de José María del Castillo y Rada

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    Pedro Pérez Herrero

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Memorias que los secretarios de Hacienda de Colombia presentaban anualmente al Congreso para su discusión y aprobación constituyen una fuente de primer orden para la comprensión del pensamiento teórico liberal, el funcionamiento de la Hacienda pública y las luchas intestinas de poder político. Este artículo describe las propuestas de cambio fiscal que realizó el secretario de Hacienda José María del Castillo y Rada en la década de 1820 (reducción de las contribuciones indirectas y los monopolios; aumento de las contribuciones directas progresivas con el propósito explícito de consolidar la estructura necesaria para establecer una relación tributaria equitativa y fundada entre el ciudadano y el Estado; estudia las reacciones que generaron dichas propuestas en el Congreso; y analiza los ingresos y gastos del período. Asimismo, se destaca el interés de investigar por qué no se generó la voluntad política requerida para acometer las reformas fiscales que la doctrina liberal reclamaba.

  14. Una novela-testimonio dominicana sobre la dictadura de Trujillo : El Masacre se pasa a pie de Freddy Prestol Castillo

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    Lauro Capdevila

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available El Masacre se pasa a pie de Freddy Prestol Castillo remporte un succès de librairie extraordinaire dès sa parution en 1973 et est rapidement considéré comme un classique, aujourd’hui étudié dans les établissements scolaires de la République Dominicaine. Dans ce roman-témoignage – pour reprendre la terme proposé par Miguel Barnet, l’auteur rapporte à la première personne le massacre de 12 000 à 20 000 présumés Haïtiens par les hommes de main du Trujillo en 1937. L’événement est un des moments décisifs de la dictature : il en marque profondément le caractère raciste et sanctionne les relations de violence entre l’État et la population. Dénonciatrice, l’œuvre cherche à rétablir la vérité des faits contre les mensonges de la propagande officielle. Nourri par cette volonté d’authenticité, le roman présente de façon dynamique et synthétique les bouleversements que subit la société dominicaine soumise à l’État dictatorial. La littérature apparaît ici comme une urgente nécessité pour restituer sa mémoire à la nation dans la perspective de sa reconstruction.El Masacre se pasa a pie de Freddy Prestol Castillo es un extraordinario éxito de ventas al publicarse en 1973. Muy pronto pasa a ser una obra clásica, estudiada hoy en los centros de enseñanza de la República Dominicana. En esa novela-testimonio – para usar el término propuesto por el cubano Miguel Barnet, el autor relata en primera persona la matanza de 12.000 a 20.000 presuntos haitianos a manos de los esbirros de Trujillo en 1937. El trágico acontecimiento es uno de los momentos álgidos de la dictadura que manifiesta claramente su carácter racista y deja al desnudo las relaciones de violencia entre el Estado y la población. Denunciadora, la obra pretende restablecer los hechos verídicos contra las mentiras de la propaganda oficial. Apoyándose en esta voluntad de autenticidad, la novela presenta de modo dinámico y sint

  15. The small mammals (Eulipotyphla, Chiroptera, Rodentia and Lagomorpha from the Late Pleistocene site of the cave of El Castillo (Cantabria, Spain

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    C. Sesé

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The micromammals remains from the Late Pleistocene site of the cave of El Castillo studied here in detail, came from the Aurignacian levels 18b and 18c (dated in 40.000-45.000 BP, level 19, and the Musterian levels 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e (dated in 41.000-49.000 BP, 21a and 21b. The micromammal association is the following: Erinaceus europaeus, Crocidura russula, Sorex coronatus, Sorex minutus, Neomys fodiens, Talpa europaea, Galemys pyrenaicus, cf. Miniopterus schreibersii, Chiroptera indet., Pliomys lenki, Microtus arvalis – Microtus agrestis, Microtus lusitanicus, Microtus oeconomus, Chionomys nivalis, Arvicola terrestris, Apodemus sylvaticus – Apodemus flavicollis and Lepus sp. Most of these species are in the present fauna of Cantabria, except Pliomys lenki that got extinct in the last third of the Upper Pleistocene, and Microtus oeconomus that disappeared from the Iberian Peninsula during the Holocene, in historical times, and is nowadays present in northern Euroasiatic regions. There is a great continuity of most of the taxa in all the levels. The faunal association seems to indicate a mainly open environment, in general with wet meadows (and few dry meadows, with good vegetation cover in the soil, with perhaps also some tree-covered areas, and some watercourses. The thermophiles indicators are very scarce, which could indicate that the climate could be a lesser temperate than other Upper Pleistocene periods and the present-day climate in the area.

  16. Conventualización de la escritura en las Vidas de Santa Teresa de Jesús y Francisca Josefa de Castillo

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    Diego Fabián Arévalo Viveros

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo explora la existencia de la larga duración de las expresiones de obediencia de las monjas, paralelas y simultáneas a expresiones de subversión de lo masculino, presentes tanto en El libro de su vida de Santa Teresa de Jesús como en Su vida de Francisca Josefa de Castillo. ¿Cómo entender este complejo despliegue de estrategias de obediencia y subversión de tal manera que las veamos inseparables? Proponemos que, junto con el perfil de la monja que elabora una imagen de sí misma basada en un yo-obedezco, se manifiesta un yo-subvierto-el-orden-impuesto por el confesor. Estas dos proyecciones del yo recorren el texto y lo pueblan; le dan una fluctuación ambigua. En sus obras se produce una conventualización de la escritura, en la que escribir en el convento implica obedecerlo pero a su vez implica manifestarlo en la escritura como espacio de autonomía para descubrir el lenguaje.

  17. Species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay: evidence of fungal host jumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, C A; Wingfield, M J; Altier, N; Blanchette, R A

    2013-02-01

    Mycosphaerella species are well-known causal agents of leaf diseases on many economically and ecologically important plant species. In Uruguay, a relatively large number of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae are found on Eucalyptus, but nothing is known of these fungi on native Myrtaceae. The aim of this study was to identify Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae species associated with leaf diseases on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay and to consider whether host jumps by the pathogen from introduced Eucalyptus to native Myrtaceae have occurred. Several native forests throughout the country were surveyed with special attention given to those located close to Eucalyptus plantations. Five species belonging to the Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae clades were found on native Myrtaceous trees and three of these had previously been reported on Eucalyptus in Uruguay. Those occurring both on Eucalyptus and native Myrtaceae included Pallidocercospora heimii, Pseudocercospora norchiensis, and Teratosphaeria aurantia. In addition, Mycosphaerella yunnanensis, a species known to occur on Eucalyptus but not previously recorded in Uruguay, was found on leaves of two native Myrtaceous hosts. Because most of these species occur on Eucalyptus in countries other than Uruguay, it appears that they were introduced in this country and have adapted to be able to infect native Myrtaceae. These apparent host jumps have the potential to result in serious disease problems and they should be carefully monitored. Copyright © 2012 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Emigration and Economic Crisis: Recent Evidence from Uruguay

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    Adela Pellegrino

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Uruguay es uno de los países sudamericanos con una proporción significativa de su población viviendo en el exterior. Desde los años setenta, el país ha tenido una emigración neta. Aunque esta tendencia se debilitó a principios de los noventa, recobró fuerza con la llegada de una severa crisis económica en 1999. En este artículo se discuten las características de la migración reciente de uruguayos y se pone en evidencia la relación entre crisis económica y emigración. El volumen del flujo poblacional en 2002 es comparable con las olas de migración que tuvieron lugar en los setenta. Los emigrantes con educación universitaria están sobrerrepresentados en comparación con la población general. Existe una correlación entre el acceso a redes de emigrantes uruguayos en los países de destino y la probabilidad de que un hogar haya tenido un miembro que emigró en 2002.

  19. Breast cancer early detection and quality assurance in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cotelo, Elena D.

    2001-01-01

    In Uruguay, breast cancer incidence is 76.41 per 100.000, and death rate is 25.22 per 100.000. Since 1998, there is a National Programme of breast cancer early detection for females over forty years of age. We studied the state of the mammography facilities throughout the country. There are 657.000 female over forty and 51 mammography X-ray equipment. The Programme includes 2 mammography X-ray equipment in mobile units in the capital and 18 in hospitals all around the country. There are taken 120.000 mammographic exams per year, 15.000 of them belong to women who had participated in the Programme. We found that no mammography facility has established Quality Assurance Programmes. Despite the results of this study showed that is suitable the number and age of the mammography X-ray equipment, the lack of Quality Assurance Programmes will produce, in a short time, a negative cost-benefit balance. The consequences will be serious social, human an economical damages. (author)

  20. Alcohol use and the labor market in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balsa, Ana I; French, Michael T

    2010-07-01

    This paper is one of only a few studies to examine potential labor market consequences of heavy or abusive drinking in Latin America and the first to focus on Uruguay. We analyzed data from a Uruguayan household survey conducted in 2006 using propensity score matching methods and controlling for a number of socio-demographic, family, regional, behavioral health, and labor market characteristics. As expected, we found a positive association between heavy drinking and absenteeism, particularly for female employees. Counter to the findings for developed countries, our results revealed a positive relationship between heavy drinking and labor force participation or employment. This result was mostly driven by men and weakened when considering more severe measures of abusive drinking. Possible explanations for these findings are that employment leads to greater alcohol use through an income effect, that the Uruguayan labor market rewards heavy drinking, or that labor market characteristics typical of less developed countries, such as elevated safety risks or job instability, lead to problem drinking. Future research with panel data should explore these possible mechanisms. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. CONSORCIOS TECNOLÓGICOS EN ARGENTINA, CHILE, COLOMBIA Y URUGUAY

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    Roberto Álvarez E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza un conjunto de consorcios tecnológicos apoyados con recursos públicos en Argentina, Chile, Colombia y Uruguay. Estos programas buscan facilitar la interacción entre empresas e instituciones dedicadas a la producción de ciencia y tecnología. Los resultados, basados en datos recabados para un subconjunto de los grupos apoyados, ponen en relieve las dificultades y los largos tiempos que se re-quieren para lograr resultados concretos, en particular, en innovación tecnológica. El trabajo cuantitativo muestra una evaluación relativamente baja de las empresas res-pecto al efecto de estos instrumentos en la generación de innovaciones de productos y procesos y la obtención de patentes, aunque existen aspectos relativamente mejor evaluados, como el mejoramiento del acceso a conocimiento tecnológico, en ámbitos como el mercadeo y los recursos humanos. Esto puede deberse a que varios de los consorcios llevan poco tiempo en funcionamiento y necesitan un plazo más largo para ser evaluados.

  2. La contribución de los inmigrantes en Uruguay

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    Felipe Arocena

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este es un estudio comparativo acerca de cómo nueve comunidades inmigrantes y los afrodescendientes fueron conformando la cultura de Uruguay, un pequeño país en América del Sur. La imagen más común de este país, tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, es la de una sociedad homogénea y europeizada, construida sobre la base de inmigrantes provenientes de España e Italia, con una escasa población afro y sin nativos. Este panorama es cierto sólo a medias ya que también han sido fundamentales las contribuciones de inmigrantes provenientes de Asia, Rusia, otros países europeos y de esclavos africanos y sus descendientes libres. En particular analizaré cómo las personas de ascendencia africana, vascos, italianos, suizos, rusos, armenios, libaneses, judíos, musulmanes y peruanos, han contribuido en la construcción de la nación uruguaya. Este artículo presenta las conclusiones más relevantes de una investigación basada en casi un centenar de entrevistas en profundidad con integrantes de estas comunidades.

  3. Summer crops evapotranspiration for two climatically constrating regions of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gimenez, L.; Garcia, M.

    2011-01-01

    During the growth and development of grain crops there are a series of limiting factors which prevent obtaining yields to full potential. In particular, in summer crops grown in rain fed conditions, water deficiency stands out as one of the main factors affecting yield productivity. In this study crop evapotranspiration (E Tc) was estimated as a way to assess water needs in summer crops and real evapotranspiration (E Tr) of rain fed crops that occurs under field conditions. The study consisted in estimating E Tc and E Tr of soybean G M IV and V I, corn, sorghum and sunflower in two contrasting climatic regions of Uruguay for a period of 24 years (1984/2007) using the model WinISAREG. Water needs varied. The Nina and Nino years stood out with higher and lower values of Etc respectively. Such water needs are linked to cycle duration. Daily Etc was higher in the North and total Etc was higher in the South. The Etr obtained was substantially lower than Etc and with higher variability in most agr o-climatic situations studied. Sunflower and sorghum were the crops that presented the least differences between Etc and E Tr, and soybean and corn showed the greatest differences at both locations

  4. Effective and independent regulatory national infrastructure: Uruguay case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nader, A.V.

    2003-01-01

    Since inception in 1986 the National Direction of Nuclear Technology has fulfilled with the assignment known as 'Control of the ionizing radioactivity in its medical and industrial applications'. This strategic task as far as safety, was performed with significant and crucial deficiencies which they even motivated the users to question the reliability of the institution. The deficiencies were mainly as follows: 1) absence of a regulatory frame; 2) insufficient qualification of technical human resources and 3) lack of suitable equipment. From the use for Uruguay of the Model Project and the beginning of a new management of Dinaten (October 2000), a sensible and well-known increase in the quality and efficiency of the regulating function in the country, which we can summarize in the following landmarks: regulatory frame with the use of a basic norm and eight regulating norms according to the main practices that are developed in the country; intensive training of the regulatory body staff; permanent accomplished update of the inventory of sources; beginning of licensing activities; equipment of last generation; regulation of the personal dosimetry services and management of radioactive waste and establishment of a National Program of Radiological Emergencies. (author)

  5. Radiation Protection Education in Diagnostic Radiology in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cotelo, E.; Paolini, G.

    2003-01-01

    In Uruguay the lack of Radiation Protection (RP) laws makes education in medical use of ionizing radiations at University, a decisive factor of changes. The six years experience in teaching technicians, radiologists, interventional cardiologists and anesthetists in curricular lectures, continuing education courses and workshops, show the importance of a close link between educators and occupationally exposed professionals. Regarding training and education in the optimization of the procedures, it is essential that both teacher and student comprehend the exact meaning of ALARA concept. This implies that although the educator is the one who manages the physical basis of RP, the student is who teaches the educator about the procedures. This turns RP education into a dynamic process in which at the same time, both educator and student learn and teach. After the theoretical lectures, it is essential that students show their ability in applying the acquired knowledge in their everyday practice. Last nut not least, in order to fulfill the first RP principle,all medicine students need to be educated in RP and quality image criteria before the get their medical doctor degree. Our experience shows that RP education in diagnostic radiology requires an expert with both medical physics and Image technology knowledge that allow an approach to students work, language and everyday problems. Despite the fact that the main result of the Education Program is the way professionals improve their practice, another consequence was that the Regulatory Authority of the country called the teacher team to coordinate the first RP national course. (Author) 14 refs

  6. Evolution in the use of antidumping mechanism after Uruguay round

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    Vinícius de Azevedo Couto Firme

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzed how the main economies have used the antidumping measures (AD after the Uruguay round, between 1995 and 2012. Therefore, some techniques were employed in order to reveal the main AD users and the trend, of using this instrument, associated to each one of them. We also tested the hypothesis that countries could converge in terms of the number of AD cases and if spatial effects could be involved in this process. Finally, a criterion was established and a model was estimated in order to identify countries that usually favor the most competitive sectors through AD practice. The results revealed that Brazil was the only heavy AD user that was counter to the general downward trend verified on the AD cases. Meanwhile, China was not only the main target of this mechanism but the cases against this country showed a growth trend also. Furthermore, we found that the number of AD cases opened by traditional and nontraditional users is converging. Finally, both the index and the estimated model have indicated that Turkey and the EU seem to be favoring the most competitive industries through the AD practice.

  7. Cannabis consumption patterns among frequent consumers in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boidi, María Fernanda; Queirolo, Rosario; Cruz, José Miguel

    2016-08-01

    In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to fully regulate the cannabis market, which now operates under state control. Cannabis can be legally acquired in three ways: growing it for personal use (self-cultivation), cannabis club membership, and from pharmacies (not yet implemented). Users must be entered into a confidential official registry to gain access. This article presents findings of a Respondent Driven Sample survey of 294 high-frequency cannabis consumers in the Montevideo metropolitan area. Frequent consumers resort to more than one method for acquiring cannabis, with illegal means still predominating after 1 year of the new regulation law. Cannabis users overwhelmingly support the current regulation, but many of them are reluctant to register. Some of the attitudes and behaviors of the high-frequency consumers pose a challenge to the success of the cannabis law. Individuals relying on more than one method of access defy the single access clause, a prerequisite for legal use, while the maximum amount of cannabis individuals can access monthly seems too high even for most frequent consumers, which might promote the emergence of a grey market. Reluctance to register among a significant proportion of high-frequency consumers raises doubts about the law's ability to achieve its stated objectives. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Evaluation Criteria for Participatory Research: Insights from Coastal Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

    2014-07-01

    Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution.

  9. Party-political and electoral system of Uruguay

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    Samuel Decresci

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Oriental Republic of Uruguay is seen by many as a pioneer among Latin American nations to modernize its state and its policy. Since the late nineteenth century to the twentieth, Uruguayan political actors operate significant changes such as the separation of church and state, labor regulation, divorce law, women's vote, etc. Because of this and the progressive modernization, it was called the “Switzerland of the Americas”. Today, it still stands out in this area by regularizing abortion, homoaffective marriage, liberalization and access to marijuana. Moreover, noteworthy that such measures were achieved largely because of governance that the executive enjoys in the midst of this political system. Thus, this work aims to analyze such Uruguayan political system. In short, a political system is understood by the government system, the electoral system and the party system. That said, it will be analyzed in the political scenario of the country, their characteristics, party and election rules, political parties, party dynamics and relations between the powers.

  10. Hydrochemical characterization of recreational thermal regions in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carrión, R.; Massa, E.

    2010-01-01

    The deep drilling in Uruguay yields thermal groundwater aquifer formations contained in Mesozoic and Permo-Carboniferous in the North Basin. This paper characterizes thermal environments from the standpoint of physical-chemical, used primarily recreational, noting also the presence of heavy metals of natural origin. We worked over 62 analytical results from various information sources between 1946 and 2007. Using appropriate software the results were entered selected based on reliability and study area, 11 wells, analyzed different diagrams to characterize the water. Based on the drilling location and classification hydrogeochemistry thermal, thermal environments proposes five sorted from North to South: Arapey, Salto, Guaviyú, Guichon and Paso Ullestie. The proposed thermal environments were differentiated by the constitution hydrochemistry of waters, from north to south evolve bicarbonate calcium bicarbonate to sodium chloride, and increase the presence of sulfates. Groundwater Arapey environments and Salto aquifers are contained in Jurassic-Cretaceous, while for the remaining three environments (Guaviyú, Guichon and Paso Ullestie), aquifers are geological formations Permo - Carboniferous. In the past, it was determined the presence of As, funded by pre-Early Paleozoic formations Guarani Aquifer System: Buena Vista and Yaguarí Resumen ampliado Introducción

  11. The Pragmatics of Domestic Violence Discourse in Uruguay

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    Teresa Herrera

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Domestic violence (DV is a form of gender-based violence and a violation of human rights. As such, it was analyzed from the perspective of feminist theory in the dissertation this article is based on, by analyzing discourse pragmatics. Which are the socially accepted DV discourses in Uruguay? Which coincidences, contradictions, and paradoxes appear when we compare these discourses and those of everyday life? Which codes and subcodes should be modified by the sectors interested in the prevention and eradication of DV? The main hypothesis is that there are different types of opposition between the public discourse of different institutional sectors and that of everyday life. Describing these oppositions and, especially, unveiling the pragmatic paradoxes will enable us to develop a different type of discourse for the prevention and eradication of DV. As I am both a researcher and an activist on the topic, my epistemological choice was the autoethnography. This article provides some final reflections, included in the dissertation, on how the feminist movement needs to succeed in persuading decision makers and the mass media, and in building solid alliances to establish an information and monitoring system; the integration of the subject into the educational system; comprehensive legislation on gender-based violence; and new ways of communicating with all sectors, so as to create a new ideology on gender relations for the suitable prevention of DV.

  12. Detection of Pesticides in Active and Depopulated Beehives in Uruguay

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    Horacio Heinzen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The influence of insecticides commonly used for agricultural purposes on beehive depopulation in Uruguay was investigated. Honeycombs, bees, honey and propolis from depopulated hives were analyzed for pesticide residues, whereas from active beehives only honey and propolis were evaluated. A total of 37 samples were analyzed, representing 14,800 beehives. In depopulated beehives only imidacloprid and fipronil were detected and in active beehives endosulfan, coumaphos, cypermethrin, ethion and chlorpyrifos were found. Coumaphos was present in the highest concentrations, around 1,000 µg/kg, in all the propolis samples from active beehives. Regarding depopulated beehives, the mean levels of imidacloprid found in honeycomb (377 µg/kg, Standard Deviation: 118 and propolis (60 µg/kg, Standard Deviation: 57 are higher than those described to produce bee disorientation and fipronil levels detected in bees (150 and 170 µg/kg are toxic per se. The other insecticides found can affect the global fitness of the bees causing weakness and a decrease in their overall productivity. These preliminary results suggest that bees exposed to pesticides or its residues can lead them in different ways to the beehive.

  13. Detection of pesticides in active and depopulated beehives in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pareja, Lucía; Colazzo, Marcos; Pérez-Parada, Andrés; Niell, Silvina; Carrasco-Letelier, Leonidas; Besil, Natalia; Cesio, María Verónica; Heinzen, Horacio

    2011-10-01

    The influence of insecticides commonly used for agricultural purposes on beehive depopulation in Uruguay was investigated. Honeycombs, bees, honey and propolis from depopulated hives were analyzed for pesticide residues, whereas from active beehives only honey and propolis were evaluated. A total of 37 samples were analyzed, representing 14,800 beehives. In depopulated beehives only imidacloprid and fipronil were detected and in active beehives endosulfan, coumaphos, cypermethrin, ethion and chlorpyrifos were found. Coumaphos was present in the highest concentrations, around 1,000 μg/kg, in all the propolis samples from active beehives. Regarding depopulated beehives, the mean levels of imidacloprid found in honeycomb (377 μg/kg, Standard Deviation: 118) and propolis (60 μg/kg, Standard Deviation: 57) are higher than those described to produce bee disorientation and fipronil levels detected in bees (150 and 170 μg/kg) are toxic per se. The other insecticides found can affect the global fitness of the bees causing weakness and a decrease in their overall productivity. These preliminary results suggest that bees exposed to pesticides or its residues can lead them in different ways to the beehive.

  14. Tierras estatales y desigualdad de género en Uruguay=State lands and gender inequality in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Florit O`Neill

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En Uruguay, el Instituto Nacional de Colonización (INC es la institución encargada de la adjudicación de tierra por parte del Estado, orientado a la distribución racional de la tierra y su acceso por parte de la población rural más vulnerable. A partir del año 2005, atravesó una reforma que jerarquizó su rol en las políticas de Estado y gestó un nuevo modelo de adjudicación de tierras: las experiencias asociativas. Ese mismo año, el nuevo gobierno impulsó la transversalización de género en el Estado, impulso que anclara en el INC a partir del 2013. Este artículo analiza desde una perspectiva de género la reforma refundacional y la nueva política de tierras, develando la ceguera de género de la reforma y evidenciando desafíos pendientes para la transversalización de género en el diseño de la principal modalidad de adjudicación de tierras públicas.      Abstract In Uruguay, the National Institute of Colonization is the institution resposible for the adjudication of land by the State, aimed at the rational distribution of land and its access by the most vulnerable rural population. Since 2005, the INC went through a reform that prioritized its role in the policies of the State and created a new model of land adjudication: associative experiences of colonization. In that same year, the new government promoted gender mainstreaming in the State, impulse that took roots in the INC from 2013 onwards. This article analyzes from a gender perspective the refounding reform and the new land policy, unveiling the gender blindness of the reform and highlighting pending challenges for gender mainstreaming in the design of the main public land adjudication modality.

  15. Study of the viability of nuclear power generation in Uruguay. V. 1,2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    This study was carried out to take into consideration the Nuclear Power option in Uruguay. Though Nuclear Power could be useful since year 2000, this does not mean a Nuclear Power station should be necessarily built. In the accomplishment of the nuclear option, next stage to take into account is the comparison of the following: a) 300/600 Mw Nuclear Power station owned by Uruguay; b) 600/1200 Mw Nuclear Power station shared amongst Uruguay and neighboring countries. National energy needs were studied, including previous electric demand studies made by international consultants. National direct resources and support infrastructure were also analysed. Oil, gas, coal and hydraulic options were compared to the nuclear option

  16. Pesticide survey in water and suspended solids from the Uruguay River Basin, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williman, Celia; Munitz, Martín S; Montti, María I T; Medina, María B; Navarro, Agustín F; Ronco, Alicia E

    2017-06-01

    The Uruguay River is receptor of pollutants, such as pesticides, from agriculture activities along its course. The present study reports concentration levels of organochlorinate, organophosphorus, and other pesticides in water and suspended solids in nine sampling sites of the Uruguay River. Data analyses included principal component analysis (PCA) to assess differences between sampling sites contamination. Most of the tested pesticides were ubiquitous due to the widely use in the chemical control of pests implemented in the region. Detected concentrations of aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor epoxide, lindane, 4,4'-DDT, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, methyl-parathion, and malathion were found to be over regional and international concentration level guidelines, according to the European Union, the US Environmental Protection Agency, or the Argentinean Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development. For this reason, future studies in Uruguay River Basin are needed.

  17. Estado de derecho, gobernabilidad y democracia en Uruguay: presente y escenarios futuros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Moreira Betancor

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es abordar el funcionamiento de la democracia en Uruguay a comienzos del siglo xxi, con especial énfasis en las características del Estado de derecho. El trabajo consta de tres partes y un epílogo. En la primera parte se expone brevemente cómo llegó el Frente Amplio al gobierno y cómo gobierna en Uruguay. En la segunda parte se mencionan algunos de los aspectos sustantivos del debate contemporáneo en torno a la calidad de la democracia. En la tercera parte se presentan las características de la democracia en Uruguay, haciendo énfasis en el funcionamiento del Estado de derecho (Rule of Law. A manera de conclusión, el epílogo consta de una serie de reflexiones sobre el Estado de derecho, aplicadas al caso estudiado.

  18. Geographic distribution and conservation status of Caiman latirostris (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Borteiro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Populations of Caiman latirostris are known to occur in Uruguay but their geographic distribution remains uncertain. This work presents anupdate of the species distribution and conservation status in Uruguay. Surveys conducted by the authors confirmed the presence of this species in the previously known distribution range of northwestern Uruguay, where it seems to be widespread and relatively abundant in contrast to earlier reports. We report new localities for C. latirostris, most relevant being those of the Cebollatí and Tacuarí Rivers, and the Pelotas, India Muerta and San Miguel stream basins, which significantly expand its distribution through important wetlands in the eastern part of the country. The overall distribution is coincident with different landscape types, where lagoons, artificial impoundments, livestock waterholes, rivers, streams, creeks and marshes are inhabited by caiman. Illegal non-commercial hunting was detected all over the country.

  19. The uranium works prospection developed since 1976 in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    In this report there are described the works of exploration of uranium developed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay from 1976.Then do the precedents and of an analysis of the big zones. Dates structural that compose the geology of the Uruguay, describe the works carried out in general exploration, towards the North-East of the country and of detail in the same zone: Districts Long Hill South and The Canes. Finally, a series of considerations are carried out on the perspectives of uranium in the Uruguay, in relation by the sedimentary areas: Devonian (formation Cerrezuelo) and Gondwana (formation San Gregorio and Three Islands) and, on the crystalline areas, of the center, southwest and this one

  20. Arte e política no cinema de Glauber Rocha: uma análise do filme Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Vaz de Oliveira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relationship between art and politics in the kinematics of Glauber Rocha focusing on the work ―Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol‖ Creator of the Cinema Novo in Brazil, Glauber proposes a system that portrays the reality through national a quasi-socialist realism. Hunger, poverty and religion become constant in the works of the moviemaker, in addition to showing a Brazilian culture strongly marked by African customs. Emerged in the late '50s, early '60s, his Cinema Novo was characterized by the search for a language and a truly Brazilian cinematic technique, which should depict all our limitations and our entire underdevelopment, thus seeking to overcome them, trying to approximate the cinematic art of the public. His movie Deus e o Diabo na terra do Sol for instance, highlights this prospect of a purely national cinema.

  1. Uso e reúso de efluentes gerados pelas indústrias de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais de Santo Antônio de Pádua, RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Luís Vieira Carmo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A água é um bem que a cada dia se torna mais escasso tanto em qualidade quanto em quantidade. Buscou-se com esta pesquisa fazer uma avaliação da qualidade da água do Rio Pomba utilizada para captação, do uso e lançamento no corpo hídrico por indústria de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais. Usaram-se os métodos de Análises Físico-química e microbiológica da água coletada in loco e concluiu-se que a forma mais eficiente de se reduzir a captação é o reúso por meio da recirculação do efluente líquido gerado na produção e captação de águas pluviais.

  2. Eficiência agronômica de fosfatos de rocha em solo com elevado teor de cálcio trocável

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Matos de Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, a maioria dos trabalhos sobre a aplicação de fosfatos de rocha foi realizada em solos do Cerrado com pH menor que 5,5 e baixos teores de Ca trocável. Estudos em condições diferentes dessa, além de raros, têm sido desestimulados, pois esses solos podem apresentar-se restritivos à dissolução dessas fontes, a depender da espécie cultivada e da natureza geológica do fosfato aplicado. Um experimento para estudar a eficiência agronômica dos fosfatos de Bayóvar e Itafós, aplicados por meio da adubação corretiva, foi implantado em um Cambissolo Háplico Ta eutrófico vertissólico de elevado teor de Ca trocável e pH 6. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso com parcelas subdivididas em faixas e quatro repetições. As parcelas consistiam de três tratamentos de fosfatagem, na dose de 200 kg ha-1 de P2O5, com o Fosfato Natural Reativo de Bayóvar, o Fosfato de Rocha Itafós e o superfosfato triplo (fonte de referência, além de um tratamento-padrão sem correção de P. As subparcelas correspondiam aos três níveis de adubação de manutenção (0, 60 e 120 kg ha-1 de P2O5 aplicados anualmente no sulco de semeadura, utilizando superfosfato triplo. Cultivou-se milho nos dois anos em que o experimento foi conduzido (2011 e 2012. No período avaliado, a produtividade de grãos e o teor de P foliar do milho indicaram menores necessidades de reposição de P, por meio das doses de manutenção, conforme maior era a solubilidade da fonte corretiva aplicada. Tanto Mehlich-1 quanto a Resina de Troca Iônica Mista removeram mais P dos tratamentos em que foram aplicados fosfatos de rocha em relação ao tratamento onde foi aplicado o superfosfato triplo via adubação corretiva. Quando aplicados de maneira isolada (dose 0 de manutenção, os índices de eficiência agronômica dos fosfatos de rocha foram de 72,08 e 82,31% para o Bayóvar e de 43,85 e 47,47% para o Itafós nos anos de 2011 e 2012

  3. Rocha com espodumênio como fundente para massas cerâmicas tradicionais Spodumene rock as a flux for traditional ceramic bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. R. Bragança

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Investigou-se a atuação de uma rocha com espodumênio como fundente em massas cerâmicas, analisando-se sua reatividade com outras matérias-primas, como quartzo e caulim. Primeiramente, caracterizou-se petrograficamente o pegmatito de onde se extrai esse fundente. Posteriormente avaliou-se o comportamento de moabilidade, fundência e deformação piroplástica da rocha com espodumênio. Analisou-se então sua influência nas propriedades tecnológicas finais das peças, principalmente em relação à temperatura de queima, às fases e à microestrutura. Comparou-se a gresificação com outros fundentes comerciais como a albita e o feldspato. O espodumênio mostrou maior capacidade de reduzir a temperatura de gresificação das peças que os fundentes tradicionais, promovendo a densificação por fluxo viscoso.A spodumene rock was used as a flux in ceramic bodies, analyzing its reactivity to other raw materials such as quartz and kaolin. The petrology properties of the pegmatite (parent rock from which the flux is extracted was characterized. The grindability, fluxing strength and pyroplastic deformation of the spodumene rock were investigated. The influence on technological properties of the final pieces, mainly in relation to the firing temperature, phases formation and microstructure were also further analyzed. The firing behavior to other commercial flux such as albite and feldspar were then compared. The spodumene rock was considered an effective flux, capable of reducing the firing temperatures of the tested bodies by viscous flow.

  4. Geo structural chart of Uruguay. Scale 1/2.000.000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Spoturno, F.; Heinzen, W.

    1979-01-01

    This work is about the Geo-Structural Chart of Uruguay , Esca le 1 / 2,000,000. The geological information synthesis in the country, obtained from: published geological work or whose information is registered by laboratory work and geophysical surveys. This Chart will allow an overview of the degree of geological knowledge of Uruguay, restricted to the limits imposed by the scale of this work. The realization of this Chart included a thorough and careful compilation, critical analysis, standardization and interpretation of all geological and geophysical maps available in the country

  5. Burnout en Uruguay: Unos aportes para los resultados de Añon et al. (2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Merino Soto

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available La presente carta pone de relieve algunas preguntas que podrían desafiar la validez de los resultados presentados por Añón et al. (2012, respecto a sus descripciones del nivel de burnout en un hospital público de Montevideo. Su estudio es importante para el aporte descriptivo local del burnout en trabajadores en Uruguay, y de la prevalencia del mismo en un plano internacional. Aparentemente, es uno de los pocos estudios publicados sobre el síndrome de burnout en Uruguay. Pero hay aspectos relacionados con la validez de las interpretaciones de sus resultados, que no han tomado en cuenta.

  6. Uruguay 2006: desarrollo equivo o ruptura con la historia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo BITTENCOURT

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se argumenta que el muy bajo desempeño económico de Uruguay durante el siglo XX y en particular desde la década de 1960, que lo aleja progresivamente de la dinámica de la economía mundial aumentando la brecha de subdesarrollo, se explica fundamentalmente por la especialización del país en productos de muy escasa dinámica en el mercado mundial así como de muy bajo dinamismo tecnológico. El ensayo de modelo (neoliberal en lo económico y conservador en lo político resultó un fracaso en términos de mejorar la tasa de crecimiento de largo plazo del país, profundizando su especialización basada en productos primarios. Esto implica además un problema en términos de la capacidad de generación de empleos y de la distribución de ingresos. La reactivación reciente así como algunas medidas adoptadas por el nuevo Gobierno Progresista han resultado exitosas en aumentar los salarios, reducir la informalidad y ordenar la macroeconomía luego de la profunda crisis financiera que explotó en el 2002. Pero la ruptura con el pasado, necesaria para elevar significativamente la tasa de crecimiento sostenible de esta economía, requerirá posiblemente de otras acciones en torno a una estrategia de desarrollo de largo plazo, que ponga sus miras en mejorar la capacidad innovadora de la estructura productiva desarrollando nuevas ramas mediante la integración regional.ABSTRACT: This article shows that Uruguay’s very low long term growth performance, which implies an increasing divergence with respect to the world economy, is explained by specialization and productive problems. Uruguay produces and sells goods with very low dynamics in the world markets, and with slow technology changes. The (neoliberal and politically conservative development model applied in the last decades, failed in the objective of improving the long term growth rate, because this model implied a productive structure based in natural resources with

  7. Decomposição in situ de folhas senescentes de pereira (Pyrus communis L. cv. Rocha In situ decomposition of pear (Pyrus communis L. cv. Rocha senescent leaves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Neto

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a variação da perda de peso e a contribuição das folhas senescentes de pereira (cv. Rocha para a restituição de azoto (N ao solo através da técnica dos sacos de decomposição in situ, colocados em Outubro de 2003 à superfície do solo dum pomar situado no Cadaval (Oeste de Portugal. Os sacos contendo folhas senescentes colhidas em pereiras com um ano de plantação e fertilizadas com três níveis de N (0, 10 e 40 kg N/ha, foram recolhidos em Dezembro de 2003, Janeiro, Fevereiro, Maio, Julho e Outubro de 2004 e Março de 2005. No mesmo pomar enterraram-se, em Outubro de 2003, 12 cilindros de PVC, contendo à superfície folhas senescentes de pereiras com três anos de plantação e fertilizadas com 40 kg N/ha de adubo enriquecido com 10% de átomos de 15N. Os cilindros foram recolhidos em Janeiro, Março, Junho e Novembro de 2004. Determinouse a variação do peso e os teores de N total e enriquecimento em 15N nos resíduos, e nas amostras de terra avaliaram-se os teores de N “total”, N-inorgânico e carbono (C orgânico, bem como os nitratos potencialmente lixiviados e adsorvidos em resinas de troca aniónica, em cada data. A decomposição in situ das folhas senescentes das pereiras ‘Rocha’ jovens variou significativamente com a fertilização azotada após 506 dias. As folhas provenientes da modalidade 0 kg N/ha apresentaram menor peso residual (21% do inicial e menor teor de N (44% do teor inicial de N comparativamente com as folhas resultantes das modalidades adubadas com N, no final do período em estudo. Padrão idêntico de comportamento verificou-se na decomposição in situ das folhas das árvores com três anos, colocada à superfície do solo dos cilindros de PVC enterrados. A mineralização do N destas folhas levou à disponibilização do N para as árvores no início do abrolhamento e a partir de Junho, não se tendo observado lixiviação do N mineral produzido.The weight loss of one year-old

  8. Tobacco industry's ITGA fights FCTC implementation in the Uruguay negotiations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assunta, Mary

    2012-11-01

    To illustrate how the tobacco industry' front group, the International Tobacco Growers Association (ITGA), mobilised tobacco farmers to influence the fourth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP4) negotiations and defeat the adoption of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Articles 9 and 10 Guidelines and Articles 17 and 18 progress report. A review of COP4 documents on Articles 9, 10, 17 and 18 was triangulated with relevant information from tobacco industry reports, websites of British American Tobacco, Philip Morris International and ITGA, presentations by tobacco industry executives and internal industry documents from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library website. Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco rejected Articles 9 and 10 draft Guidelines claiming that banning ingredients in cigarettes will render burley leaf less commercially viable making tobacco growers in many countries suffer economic consequences. They claimed the terms 'attractiveness' and 'palatability' are not appropriate regulatory standards. The ITGA launched a global campaign to mobilise farmers to reject the draft Guidelines at COP4 in Uruguay. Tobacco producers, Brazil, Philippines, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe, sent large delegations to COP4 and participated actively in the negotiation on the draft Guidelines. Partial Guidelines on Articles 9 and 10 on product regulation and disclosure were adopted. COP4's work on Article 17 provides guidance on viable alternatives, but the ITGA is opposed to this and continues fight crop substitution. Despite ITGA's international campaign to thwart the Guidelines on Articles 9 and 10 and a strong representation from tobacco-growing countries at COP4, the outcome after intense negotiations was the adoption of Partial Guidelines and work on Articles 17 and 18 to proceed.

  9. A perfect storm? Welfare, care, gender and generations in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filgueira, Fernando; Gutiérrez, Magdalena; Papadópulos, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    This article claims that welfare states modelled on a contributory basis and with a system of entitlements that assumes stable two-parent families, a traditional breadwinner model, full formal employment and a relatively young age structure are profoundly flawed in the context of present-day challenges. While this is true for affluent countries modelled on the Bismarckian type of welfare system, the costs of the status quo are even more devastating in middle-income economies with high levels of inequality. A gendered approach to welfare reform that introduces the political economy and the economy of care and unpaid work is becoming critical to confront what may very well become a perfect storm for the welfare of these nations and their peoples. Through an in-depth study of the Uruguayan case, the authors show how the decoupling of risk and protection has torn asunder the efficacy of welfare devices in the country. An ageing society that has seen a radical transformation of its family and labour market landscapes, Uruguay maintained during the 1980s and 1990s a welfare state that was essentially contributory, elderly and male-oriented, and centred on cash entitlements. This contributed to the infantilization of poverty, increased the vulnerability of women and exacerbated fiscal stress for the system as a whole. Furthermore, because of high levels of income and asset inequality, the redistribution of risk between upper- and lower-income groups presented a deeply regressive pattern. The political economy of care and welfare has begun to change in the last decade or so, bringing about mild reforms in the right direction; but these might prove to be too little and too late.

  10. Household demand elasticities for meat products in Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lanfranco, B. A.; Rava, C.

    2014-06-01

    This article analyzed the demand for meats at household level over the past decade in Uruguay, a country that exhibits a very high per capita consumption of these products. In particular, the consumption of beef is one of the highest in the world and only comparable to Argentina. The analysis involved a two-step estimation of an incomplete system of censored demand equations using household data from the last available national income and expenditure survey (2005/06). Thirteen meat products were included in the analysis: six broad beef products (de boned hindquarter cuts, bone-in hindquarter cuts, ground beef, rib plate, bone-in forequarter cuts, and other beef cuts), four products from other meats (sheep, pork, poultry, and fish), and three generic mixed-meat products. A complete set of short-term income, own-price and cross-price elasticities were computed and reported along with their 90% confidence intervals (CI). The results were consistent with both economic theory and empirical evidence as well as with the expected behavior, considering the relevance of these products, particularly beef, in the diet of Uruguayan consumers. All meat items were necessary goods and evidenced income-inelastic responses, which was expected given their high consumption level. All meats behaved as normal goods although exhibiting different reactions to changes in price. In general, beef cuts were more price elastic than other more broadly defined products. The more specific and dis aggregated the meat product the higher its corresponding direct price elasticity. The complement/substitute relationships found in this study were highly depended on the specific product combinations. (Author)

  11. Household demand elasticities for meat products in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno A. Lanfranco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzed the demand for meats at household level over the past decade in Uruguay, a country that exhibits a very high per capita consumption of these products. In particular, the consumption of beef is one of the highest in the world and only comparable to Argentina. The analysis involved a two-step estimation of an incomplete system of censored demand equations using household data from the last available national income and expenditure survey (2005/06. Thirteen meat products were included in the analysis: six broad beef products (deboned hindquarter cuts, bone-in hindquarter cuts, ground beef, rib plate, bone-in forequarter cuts, and other beef cuts, four products from other meats (sheep, pork, poultry, and fish, and three generic mixed-meat products. A complete set of short-term income, own-price and cross-price elasticities were computed and reported along with their 90% confidence intervals (CI. The results were consistent with both economic theory and empirical evidence as well as with the expected behavior, considering the relevance of these products, particularly beef, in the diet of Uruguayan consumers. All meat items were necessary goods and evidenced income-inelastic responses, which was expected given their high consumption level. All meats behaved as normal goods although exhibiting different reactions to changes in price. In general, beef cuts were more price elastic than other more broadly defined products. The more specific and disaggregated the meat product the higher its corresponding direct price elasticity. The complement/substitute relationships found in this study were highly depended on the specific product combinations.

  12. Geochemical and microbiological study in soils of southern Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pianzzola, M.; De Souza, S.; Soubes, M.; Goso Aguilar, C.

    2009-01-01

    The sulphate reducing bacteria (S RB) constitute a diverse group of anaerobic prokaryotes that carry out the dissimilarity sulphate reduction of sulphur compounds like sulphate, sulphite, tio sulphate, and sulphide to hydrogen sulphide. Although B SR are anaerobic, some genre tolerate oxygen and some others, at low concentrations, can res pirate Fe+ 3 or oxygen, using hydrogen as electron donor. Several industries, including oil and natural gas processing and transporting plants, have been affected by their metabolic activity and the fundamental cause is the production of H S, corrosive and toxic. It damages the pumping equipment, tanks, and 2 pipes. On the other hand, the generated sulphide affects human health and causes security and environmental problems producing severe economic losses. Given the ecological and economic importance of the S RB this study attempts of its presence in soils of different characteristics from southern Uruguay. Although in the last years its knowledge at molecular level has been increased, there is still lack of information so as to be able to control all the effects produced by its metabolic activity. The objective of our work is to determine the degree of diversity of these bacteria in our soils and to know the bio corrosion potential of them. As a first step we have collected soil samples with different characteristics, having determined its p H, humidity, content of chloride and sulphates as well as the presence of S RB. Although the main obstacle to understand its ecology and diversity is the incapacity to cultivate many of the microorganisms that come from environmental samples, this difficulty can directly be avoided by means of the use of molecular techniques that allow the study of the microorganisms present or their genes. In this work we correlate the detection of sulphate reducing bacteria by classic and molecular methods in the different soils studied

  13. Occurrence of metal ions in rice produced in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Rivero

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The United Nations General Assembly declared the year 2004 the International Year of Rice under the concept "Rice is Life". The largest nutritional problems occurring globally are protein-energy malnutrition, Ca, Fe, I, Zn and vitamin A deficiencies. Being rice the staple food more consumed worldwide, outstanding care is taken on its composition levels.Uruguay has emerged as medium-size rice producer and Latin America's major rice exporter, and is now amongst the world's top ten. Thus, the knowledge of toxic as well as micronutrient elements is very important. Here is reported the determination in forty nine samples of rice (Oryza sativa L. of As, Cd, Cr, and Pb by ET AAS in samples digested by dry ashing, and Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mo, Mn, Na, Ni and Zn by FAAS and Hg by CV AAS using microwave-assisted decomposition.The amount of all the metal ions studied in this work fall within the range typical of rice around the world. All the rice samples tested showed lower levels of As, Cd, Hg and Pb than the maximum limit permitted by governmental and international organizations.Potassium was the most abundant mineral followed by Mg and Ca and amongst microelements the presence of Cu, Fe, Mo, Mn, Na and Zn was outstanding.The milling process highly affects the contents of K, Mg, Mn, Na and Zn while little influence has on Ca, Co, Cu and Fe concentrations.Unexpected loss of Ca, Fe and Mn during parboiling process was detected. 

  14. Costo-efectividad de la vacunación universal antineumocócica en Uruguay Cost-effectiveness of universal pneumococcal vaccination in Uruguay

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    Gustavo Giachetto Larraz

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la relación costo-efectividad del programa de vacunación universal con la vacuna antineumocócica conjugada heptavalente (VCN7 en niños menores de 5 años en Uruguay. MÉTODOS: Se desarrolló un modelo Markov simulando una cohorte de 48 000 niños nacidos en 2007 y su evolución hasta los 76 años de edad. El caso base usó un esquema de tres dosis con una duración estimada de protección de cinco años. La presunción de eficacia y efectividad de la vacuna se realizó acorde con estudios realizados en Estados Unidos con ajuste a la prevalencia-incidencia de serotipos en Uruguay. Los resultados se expresaron como costo incremental por año de vida ganado (AVG y por año de vida [ganado] ajustado por calidad (AVAC. RESULTADOS: Para el caso base, el costo incremental fue de US$ 7 334,6 por AVG y US$ 4 655,8 por AVAC, previniéndose 8 muertes y 4 882 casos de otitis, 56 bacteriemias-sepsis, 429 neumonías y 7 meningitis. El modelo muestra sensibilidad a variaciones en eficacia, costo de la vacuna y tasa de mortalidad por neumonía. CONCLUSIONES: El programa de vacunación universal con VCN7 en Uruguay es altamente costo-efectivo y, en consecuencia, recomendable para otros países con carga de enfermedad neumocócica y cobertura de serotipos similares a Uruguay.OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the cost-effectiveness ratio of the program for universal vaccination with heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7 in children under 5 years of age in Uruguay. METHODS: A Markov model was developed that simulated a cohort of 48 000 children born in 2007 and their progress to age 76. The baseline case used a regimen of three doses with estimated protection for five years. The presumption of vaccine efficacy and effectiveness was based on studies conducted in the United States with adjustment for serotype prevalence-incidence in Uruguay. The results were expressed as the incremental cost per life year gained (LYG and quality-adjusted life year

  15. Algunos aspectos de la climatología solar del Uruguay Some aspects of the solar climatology of Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Grossi Gallegos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La cobertura espacial de las redes de medición en tierra no puede satisfacer todas las necesidades de los usuarios debido a su baja densidad esto es más notable en el caso de la radiación solar. La escasez de datos de irradiación global es la razón para utilizar la heliofanía para su estimación mediante el empleo de diferentes correlaciones que han probado tener un buen ajuste con las mediciones. Para trazar cartas de heliofanía (y a partir de ellas, de irradiación solar global en un territorio tan extenso como América del Sur es necesario estudiar la relación error-distancia entre estaciones en zonas homogéneas. Para ello, lo habitual es analizar el comportamiento espacial de algunos estadísticos de campos aleatorios, como por ejemplo, la función estructura. En este trabajo, se han utilizado datos medios mensuales de heliofanía de Uruguay y se analizó su variación con la distancia entre estaciones. Se presentan gráficos obtenidos para diferentes épocas del año, analizándose las condiciones de extrapolación espacial de la información. Además, se muestran los resultados del análisis estadístico de series temporales de valores medios anuales de la heliofanía diaria mediante la aplicación del test de Mann-Kendall. Finalmente, se presentan 12 cartas con la distribución espacial de la media mensual de la heliofanía diaria.The spatial coverage of land measurement networks cannot fulfill all the user's needs because their density is low; and this fact becomes more important in the case of solar radiation. The scarcity of global irradiation data is the reason for using sunshine hours in order to estimate them through different correlations which have shown a good fit with the measurements data. In order to draw charts with the spatial distribution of the sunshine-hours monthly averages (and from them, global solar radiation charts also on such a vast territory as South America, it is necessary to study the error

  16. Análisis de las discrepancias económicas entre Swanston y Cia, constructora del Puerto de la Luz (Canarias, y su ingeniero Juan de León y Castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Calvo Cruz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo pretendemos abordar la figura de Juan de León y Castillo, persona ilustre en su época, científico, ingeniero y apasionado por la política y la filosofía, desde una óptica novedosa, toda vez, que se pretende poner de manifiesto la estrecha relación que existió entre el ingeniero y la Swanston and Company, contratista que llevó a cabo la construcción del Puerto de Refugio de la Luz de Las Palmas. Esta relación data de 1891, momento en el que se firma el contrato entre ambos y Juan de León y Castillo se hace cargo de las obras del puerto como Ingeniero Director y Consultivo.Es nuestro objetivo evidenciar los entresijos económicos y los numerosos problemas que existieron entre el ingeniero y la empresa contratista y poner de manifiesto una desconocida faceta de Juan de León y Castillo como censor de los libros contables y demás documentación económica que la Swanston llevaba para la obra que nos ocupa.Por tanto, con este trabajo quisiéramos contribuir al conocimiento de un hombre ilustre y polifacético, que no sólo se dedicó a la estricta labor de desarrollar aquellos conocimientos recibidos sino que denota la curiosidad propia de un investigador y la ecuanimidad en su proceder.In this work we try to approach Juan de León y Castillo's figure, an illustrious person of his time, scientist, engineer and an enthusiast about politics and philosophy. From a new optic, he tried to reveal the narrow relation that existed between the engineer and the Swanston and Company, contractor who carried out the construction of El Puerto de Refugio de la Luz de Las Palmas. This relation dates back on the late 1891, moment in which the contract is signed between both and Juan de León y Castillo takes charge of the works of the port as an engineer, director and advisor.It is our aim to demonstrate the economic mesenteries and the numerous problems which existed between the engineer and the company contractor and to reveal an

  17. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Talita Sheet J-24

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campal, N; Chulepin, H

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Talita) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils.The area belongs to the Rio de la Plata socket basin is associated with the orogenic cycle

  18. Uruguay Energy Supply Options Study: a Detailed Multi-Sector Integrated Energy Supply and Demand Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conzelmann, G.; Veselka, T.

    1997-01-01

    Uruguay is in the middle of making critical decisions affecting the design of its future energy supply system.Momentum for change is expected to come from several directions including recent and foreseeable upgrades and modifications to energy conversion facilities, the importation of natural gas from Argentina, the possibility for a stronger interconnection of regional electricity systems, the country s membership in MERCOSUR, and the potential for energy sector reforms by the Government of Uruguay.The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of several fuel diversification strategies on Uruguay s energy supply system.The analysis pays special attention to fuel substitution trends due to potential imports of natural gas via a gas pipeline from Argentina and increasing electricity ties with neighboring countries.The Government of Uruguay contracted Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to study several energy development scenario ns with the support of several Uruguayan Institutions.Specifically, ANL was asked to conduct a detailed energy supply and demand analysis, develop energy demand projections based on an analysis of past energy demand patterns with support from local institutions, evaluate the effects of potential natural gas imports and electricity exchanges, and determine the market penetration of natural gas under various scenarios

  19. Farmers versus ideas: explaining the continuity in French agricultural trade policy during the GATT Uruguay Round

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alons, G.C.

    2014-01-01

    France's protectionist position regarding agricultural trade is often claimed to result from French farm lobby influence. This article challenges such established claims, based on an analysis of French decision-making on the agricultural chapter of the GATT Uruguay Round. Farm lobby pressure cannot

  20. Exploring options for sustainable development of vegetable farms in South Uruguay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dogliotti Moro, S.

    2003-01-01

    Keywords:land use system, modeling, farming system, future-oriented studies, vegetables,

    The sustainable development of vegetable farms in South Uruguay requires the development of farming systems that contribute

  1. French Trade Policy During the GATT Uruguay Round: Between Domestic and International Constraints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alons, G.C.

    2012-01-01

    During the GATT Uruguay Round (1986-1993) France was one of the most conservative European member states and succeeded in influencing European position taking on agricultural trade liberalization. France’s recalcitrant position is often considered an outcome of purely domestic political

  2. Gender, age, social disadvantage and quitting smoking in Argentina and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzin, Mirosław; Gaszyńska, Ewelina; Krakowiak, Jan; Saran, Tomasz; Szatko, Franciszek; Kaleta, Dorota

    2018-03-14

    Cessation of tobacco use has the potential to provide the greatest immediate benefits for tobacco control. Understanding the social determinants of smoking cessation is an essential requirement for increasing smoking cessation at the population level. The purpose of this study was to analyze the socio-economic dimensions associated with cessation success among adults in Argentina and Uruguay. Data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a cross-sectional, population-based, nationally representative survey conducted in Argentina (n=5,383) and Uruguay (n=4,833) was utilized. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses with results being presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals were applied to study differences among those respondents who sustained smoking abstinence (≥1 year) and those who continued smoking. The GATS study revealed that social gradients in tobacco quitting exist in Argentina and Uruguay. Being aged 25-34, particularly men in Uruguay, women in Argentina, low educated men in Argentina and having a lower asset index were associated with reduced odds for quitting. Factors that are driving differences in smoking cessation between diverse social groups in Latin America countries need to be considered when implementing relevant interventions to ensure tobacco control strategies work effectively for all population segments.

  3. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Bequelo Sheet N0-20

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montana, J.; Ford, I.; Morales, H.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Bequelo) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics of the precambrian period in the Bequelo stream as well as the Mercedes , Asencio and Fray Bentos formations

  4. Regressive transgressive cycle of Devonian sea in Uruguay verified by Palynology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Da Silva, J.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the results and conclusions of the populations palinomorphs study, carried out in Devonian formations in the center of Uruguay. The existence of a regressive transgressive cycle is verified by analyzing the vertical distribution of palinomorphs as well as is mentioned the presence of chintziest for the section studied - hoesphaeridium Cyathochitina kinds

  5. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Molles Sheet K-19

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, I

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Molles) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to the Cretaceous, Tertiary and Quaternary period in Arapey, Mercedes, Asencio, Palmitas, Fray Bentos and Libertad formations

  6. 78 FR 41259 - Importation of Fresh Citrus Fruit From Uruguay, Including Citrus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    .... The fruit must be safeguarded by an insect- proof screen or plastic tarpaulin while in transit to the...-0060] RIN 0579-AD59 Importation of Fresh Citrus Fruit From Uruguay, Including Citrus Hybrids and.... ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are amending the fruits and vegetables regulations to allow the...

  7. Exploration of Uranium. Report to the Government of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muset, J.A.

    1979-01-01

    The Government of Uruguay with IAEA assistance carried out the Uranium prospection project and the evolution of uraniferous minerals resources on this country soil. Several arrangement were did such as the recollection and analysis of the geologic material. The Uranium project began with radiometric anomalies and out crops

  8. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Piraraja Sheet F-23

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Piraraja) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to Cenozoic, Cretaceous, Jurassic and Precambrian period.The Pirafja fotoplano is located in Lavalleja and geomorphologically is constituted by the Lavalleja group, the Atlantic socket, Piraraja granite and the Barriga Negra group

  9. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Cerro Partido Sheet F-24

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz, R; Albanell, H.; Bossi, J.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Cerro Partido) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. The area corresponding to the Cerro Partido fotoplano is located in the orogenic belt or Don Feliciano belt

  10. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Melo Sheet D-15

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, L.; Andreis, R.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Melo) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to the pre devonian period in Melo, Buena Vista Yaguari and Tres islas formations. These metamorphic rocks would be compared with the orogenic cycle of the east and southeast groups

  11. Interpretation of the phosphate showings found in Uruguay. Recommendations for a a working programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slansky, M.

    1983-01-01

    The radioactive anomalies put in evidence during the investigation of uranium and the mining inventory carried out in Uruguay, are due to rocks more or less strongly phosp hated of the top proterozoic and of the paleozoic. These anomalies drive to interrogating ourselves on the possibilities of existence of deposits of phosphates exploitable

  12. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Algorta Sheet N-16

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, I; Gancio, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Algorta) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological soil characteristics of the upper cretaceous in Guichon, Mercedes and Asencio formaltions as well as the lower tertiary period of Palmitas and Fray Bentos formations

  13. Historical approximation of the Syenite extracting , development and industrialization in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baumann, N.

    2004-01-01

    This work is about the syenite exploitation in Uruguay which had particularly importance at the end of XI X century. The main centers of granite exploitation were La Paz and Piriapolis. The grains of Piriapolis for its structure and shades were used as polished plates to covering the walls of the emblematic and representative buildings, witnesses of a time flourishing economy.

  14. The great depression in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay : revisiting vulnerabilities and policies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerona Morales, Marcelo Esteban; Sosa Clavijo, Silvana Maria

    2015-01-01

    In this thesis Marcelo Gerona and Silvana Sosa undertake an analysis of the Great Depression (1928-1934) in a sample of three highly interconnected South American countries: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay (ABU). The problem tackled in this work is the relative vulnerabilities of ABU, which

  15. 78 FR 8435 - Importation of Fresh Citrus Fruit From Uruguay, Including Citrus Hybrids and Fortunella

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... the Citrus-related genus Fortunella, from Uruguay into the continental United States. As a condition of entry, the fruit would have to be produced in accordance with a systems approach that would... approach. This action would allow for the importation of fresh citrus fruit, including Citrus hybrids and...

  16. Practices to Reduce Milk Carbon Footprint on Grazing Dairy Farms in Southern Uruguay: Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbon footprint (CF) is an increasingly relevant indicator to estimate the impact of a product on climate change. This study followed international guidelines to quantify the CF of milk produced on 24 dairy farms in Uruguay. Cows were grazed all year and supplemented with concentrate feeds. These d...

  17. Technical Cooperation. Project No. 77.210.9. Geological German Mission in Uruguay. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roth, W.

    1983-01-01

    This report shows the result of work carried out in the framework of the German mission in Uruguay. The main results obtained were the general inventory of non metallic raw as well as important raw materials investigation such as bentonite, limestone, fluorite, graphite, talc and materials for construction

  18. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Bizcocho Sheet N-0-21

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, I; Gancio, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Bizcocho) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics of the lower Proterozoic in the socket of the La Plata river, Upper Cretaceous in Mercedes and Asencio formations, lower Tertiary in Palmitas and Fray Bentos formations and soils characteristics of the Quaternary period

  19. Women, feminism and social change in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, 1980-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guimoar Dueñas

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Asunción Lavrin. Women, feminism and social change in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, 1890-1940. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1995, 481 páginas. Tercer volúmen de la serie Engendering Latin America.

  20. Geological map of Uruguay scale 1.100.000 Canada Nieto Sheet P-23

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, L; Eugui, W; Cabrera, Z; Elias, R

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Canada Nieto) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils of the pre devoniam period in the Mercedes , Asencio and Fray Bentos formations

  1. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. El Ombu Sheet N-18

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, I

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (El Ombu) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to the Cretaceous, Tertiary and Quaternary period in Arapey, Mercedes, Asencio, Palmitas, Fray Bentos and Libertad formations

  2. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. La Union Sheet J-29

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, C.; Veroslavsky, G.; Oyantcabal, P.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (La Union) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to the Holocene Pleistocene, Pliocene, Oligocene and Precambrian period. This area is located in the eastern of Montevideo and the South West of Canelones

  3. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Piriapolis Sheet G-29

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F; Pena, S; Masquelin, E; Pias, J; Tabo, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Piriapolis) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. Geomorphologically Piriapolis fotoplano is dominated by Las Animas and an important Cenozoic coverage

  4. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Carmelo Sheet P-24

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, L; Eugui, W; Cabrera, Z; Elias, R

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Carmelo) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils of the precambrian period in the Mercedes , Fray Bentos, Libertad and Raigon formations. The Precambrian rocks are found in large quarries in Carmelo hill

  5. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Zapican Sheet F-22

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Zapican) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils.The fotoplano Zapican is located in the north of Lavalleja town and geologically is formed by Lavalleja group and the west socket represented by granites and volcanic reefs

  6. Law 16.097 Prevention program of uterine cervix cancer in Uruguay: Uterine cervix cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    Every year in Uruguay, is diagnosed around 600 new cases of cancer of uterine cervix. Next important information was related on this cancer and the evolution that will have the carrying of this illness, it was informed about the prevention, symptoms, I diagnose and treatment of the same one

  7. Tributación del Sector Transporte de Carga en Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Buonomo

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo general de este estudio es determinar la carga tributaria efectiva que incide sobre el transporte de cargas, en particular para los modos transporte terrestre (camión) y transporte aéreo, en la República Oriental del Uruguay.

  8. Paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental reconstruction for middle and late holocene in Uruguay southeastern New contributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Del Puerto, L.; Bracco, R.; Inda, H.; Garcia, F.; Panario, D.; Castineira, C.; Capdepont, I.

    2012-01-01

    This work is about the study carried out within the framework of the environmental evolution and the prehistoric human occupation on coastal lagoons in the east of Uruguay. The analysis of the sediments in the zone enable the reconstruction of the Holocene climate history as well as the construction of the Paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental model belong to the middle and late Holocene

  9. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Guaycuru Sheet M-24

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garat, I.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Guaycuru)) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils belong to the Cenozoic and Precambrian period. The Cuaycuru area is located in the West of the Rio de la Plata socket constituted by metamorphic belts and is associated with migmatitic and intrusive granitoids

  10. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Cuchilla del Ombu. Sheet H-12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montana, J.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Cuchilla del Ombu) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological, lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. In crystalline rocks have been recognized four basic units: porphyritic granite, Cunapiru granite, Cunapiru subvolcanic microgranite and metamorfites

  11. El Clima Laboral y la Motivación de los Docentes – Personal Administrativo del Nivel Primaria de la I.E Pedro del Castillo Ríos - ex 160 de la ciudad de Yurimaguas, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Reyes Bedriñana, Magno Rosendo

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo general de la presente tesis fue determinar la relación entre el clima laboral y la motivación de los docentes – personal administrativo del nivel primaria de la I.E Pedro del Castillo Ríos – ex 160 de la ciudad de Yurimaguas, 2015; con un estudio no experimental y diseño correlacional, la muestra de 21 trabajadores a través del muestreo censal. Para el análisis de los resultados se empleó la tabulación, cuadros estadísticos, tablas. La correlación se hizo a través ...

  12. Improving radiation sterilization dose of bone tissue in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wodowoz, O.; Rodriguez, G.; Vicentino, W.; Saldias, M.; Perez Campos, H.; Silva, W.; Machin, D.; Sanchez, G.; Acosta, M.; Alvarez, I.

    2008-01-01

    Full text: Since 2002 our tissue banks policy is to deliver radiosterilized bones in order to deliver safety and reliable tissues for clinical uses.The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that sterile or most clean environment for bone tissue retrieval, the INDT maintains the low bioburden and it could decrease the radiation sterilization dose of processed bone tissue following Good Processing Practices. Bones were retrieved from cadaveric and brain death multiorganic donors with informed consent, according to 14.005 and 17.668 Transplant Laws and 160/06 Decret. Between 2005 and 2007, 157 long bones (mostly femur and tibia) were retrieved. 101 structural bones were used for patients with tumors, total hip revision replacement and trauma surgery, and 10 kg. were used in spine, benign tumors and bucomaxillary surgery. All batches were radiosterilized in a Gamma cell unit. Radiation dose was determined according tissue bioburden. The bioburden were analyzed during 1 year simultaneously in (Ezeiza CNEA and INDT microbiological Lab), and then by our microbiological Lab. after quality certification. The proceeding of Radiation as well as the radiation dose determination were monitorized by AIEA/URU/7/005 Project. Bioburden was studied using AIEA Code of Practice approved technique. The Co-60 source used were the Energy Committee - Ezeiza Plant in Bs. As. And since June 2007 Uruguay got a Radiation Unit (Gamma cell 220 Excel) through AIEA URU 2005/003 RQ-URU/7/005 Project. In 2002 bioburden was between 0.1 and 0.3 CFU/cc for frozen bones and freeze dried bones, showing a radiation dose lower than 25 kGy. During the period 2005 - 2007 the bioburden rate was about 0.1 CFU/cc and the radiation dose between 15.2- 25 kGy. We point out that we keep bioburden and radiation sterilization dose in the same rate and the Good Processing Practices are the key to warranty microbiologically safety tissues. (Author)

  13. Evolução da fracturação e da interacção sólido-fluido de rochas ígneas em ambiente de circulação hidrotermal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Sofia Alexandra Correia

    2009-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Ciências Geofísicas (Geofísica Interna), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2009 Este trabalho centrou-se no estudo da evolução da fracturação numa rocha, desde o desenvolvimento de microfracturas até à ruptura macroscópica. A caracterização deste processo foi feito com base nas medições da variação de diversas propriedades físicas e mecânicas em duas rochas ígneas, granito e basalto, sujeitos à acção térmica e/ou mecânica, com e sem circulação de fluido. Este...

  14. O pincel de Timantes: pintura, erudição e panegírico na História da América Portuguesa, de Sebastião da Rocha Pita (1730)

    OpenAIRE

    da Silveira, Pedro Telles

    2017-01-01

    Exploro neste artigo a aproximação entre pintura e história realizada tanto por Sebastião da Rocha Pita quanto pelos censores da obra História da América Portuguesa (1730). Rocha Pita mobiliza frequentemente referências pictóricas em auxílio a uma prosa histórica que se aproxima do panegírico. Essa prosa tem por objetivo tornar os acontecimentos visíveis através de uma narração ornada. Numa época, entretanto, na qual os preceitos da erudição e da crítica documental ganhavam força em Portugal,...

  15. Cross-fertilization between genetically modified and non-genetically modified maize crops in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galeano, Pablo; Debat, Claudio Martínez; Ruibal, Fabiana; Fraguas, Laura Franco; Galván, Guillermo A

    2010-01-01

    The cultivation of genetically modified (GM) Bt maize (Zea mays L.) events MON810 and Bt11 is permitted in Uruguay. Local regulations specify that 10% of the crop should be a non-GM cultivar as refuge area for biodiversity, and the distance from other non-GM maize crops should be more than 250 m in order to avoid cross-pollination. However, the degree of cross-fertilization between maize crops in Uruguay is unknown. The level of adventitious presence of GM material in non-GM crops is a relevant issue for organic farming, in situ conservation of genetic resources and seed production. In the research reported here, the occurrence and frequency of cross-fertilization between commercial GM and non-GM maize crops in Uruguay was assessed. The methodology comprised field sampling and detection using DAS-ELISA and PCR. Five field-pair cases where GM maize crops were grown near non-GM maize crops were identified. These cases had the potential to cross-fertilize considering the distance between crops and the similarity of the sowing dates. Adventitious presence of GM material in the offspring of non-GM crops was found in three of the five cases. Adventitious presence of event MON810 or Bt11 in non-GM maize, which were distinguished using specific primers, matched the events in the putative sources of transgenic pollen. Percentages of transgenic seedlings in the offspring of the non-GM crops were estimated as 0.56%, 0.83% and 0.13% for three sampling sites with distances of respectively 40, 100 and 330 m from the GM crops. This is a first indication that adventitious presence of transgenes in non-GM maize crops will occur in Uruguay if isolation by distance and/or time is not provided. These findings contribute to the evaluation of the applicability of the "regulated coexistence policy" in Uruguay. © ISBR, EDP Sciences, 2011.

  16. Caracterização ambiental de lamas de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais Environmental characterization of processing sludge of ornamental stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florindo dos Santos Braga

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available As lamas de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais (LBRO são resíduos que apresentam composição química variada em função da composição das rochas, do processo de beneficiamento, dos processos de reaproveitamento de águas e lamas, das propriedades dos insumos, entre outros fatores. A caracterização e classificação das LBRO são de grande importância, principalmente para o Estado do Espírito Santo, por possuir um expressivo número de empresas do setor. Neste trabalho, são apresentados os resultados de caracterização e classificação de lamas de desdobramento e polimento de mármores e granitos, segundo a NBR 10004/2004. Todas as amostras de lamas de tear convencional e de politriz analisadas foram classificadas como Classe IIA. Percebeu-se que a identificação dos resíduos por fonte geradora permite a proposição de tecnologias limpas, como o uso de teares a fio diamantado que utilizam o mínimo de insumos e de pastilhas diamantadas metálicas isentas de elementos tóxicos, contribuindo para a melhoria das características químicas das LBRO.The sludges produced in the cutting and polishing of ornamental stones are residues with diverse chemical composition that depend on the composition of the stones, the cutting and polishing process, the processes involved in the recycling of water and sludges, among others. The characterization and classification of these resulting sludges have great importance, especially for the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, which is an important producer of ornamental stones. In this work, the results of characterization and classification of developmental and polishing sludges were presented, according to the Brazilian standard NBR 10004/2004. All the sludge samples from the cutting and polishing equipment were classified as Class IIA. We observed that the identification of the residues according to the generation source allows the proposition of clean technologies usage, such as cutting

  17. Economic impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay Impacto económico de la vacuna antineumocócica conjugada en Brasil, Chile y Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Dagna O. Constenla

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the economic impact of vaccination with the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. METHODS: A decision analytic model was constructed to compare pneumococcal vaccination of children 0-5 years old with no vaccination in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. Costs and health outcomes were analyzed from the societal perspective. Vaccine, demographic, epidemiologic, and cost data were incorporated into this economic analysis. RESULTS: At the ra...

  18. Integral study of the quantity and quality of the underground water in the Santa Lucia basin in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    This work study different aspects about the underground water in the Santa Lucia sedimentary basin in Uruguay. It is situated between the San Jose and Santa Lucia river as well as the adyacent Rio de La Plata coast.

  19. Computer analysis to the geochemical of soil and stream sediments data in an area of Southern Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spangenberg, J.

    2012-01-01

    This work is about geochemical interpretation of multi-element data from a soil and stream sediment survey carried out in Southern of Uruguay .This zone has several occurrences of metal sulphide mineralization

  20. Una carta de Jardiel Poncela a propósito de la versión cinematográfica de "Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía", por Arturo Ruiz Castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrera, Javier

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available On the occasion of the premiere of Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía realized by Arturo Ruiz Castillo from Baroja’s homonymous novel, Jardiel Poncela writes an extensive letter to him, totally unpublished. It is possible to read in it considerations of great interest to know his aesthetic thought and his ideas about public, the role of the women, praises about the adaptation realized from the original novel, as well as interesting considerations on the relations between literature and cinema.

    Con motivo del estreno de Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía realizada por Arturo Ruiz Castillo a partir de la obra de Baroja, Jardiel Poncela le escribe una extensa carta, totalmente inédita, en la que, entre otras consideraciones de gran interés para conocer su pensamiento estético y sus ideas acerca del público y el papel de la mujer, le elogia la adaptación realizada de la obra barojiana al tiempo que le hace una serie de consideraciones teóricas muy interesantes sobre las relaciones entre la literatura y el cine.

  1. El costo de ser independiente: el diseño fiscal de José María Castillo y Rada para la Gran Colombia, 1823-1827

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Javier Barrera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A través del diseño fiscal elaborado por José María Castillo y Rada en los años inmediatamente posteriores a la obtención de la independencia de España, este ensayo ofrece al lector un acercamiento a algunos de los desafíos fiscales que afrontó la tentativa ambiciosa de integración regional conocida como la Gran Colombia. En primer lugar, se realiza un breve recorrido por la estructura fiscal de los últimos años virreinales. En segunda instancia, se presentan los rasgos generales de la propuesta diseñada por Castillo y Rada y a continuación se pasa a considerar los desafíos afrontados por dicha propuesta. El trabajo concluye que los modelos historiográficos que se han valido de la dicotomía liberalismo/proteccionismo se quedan cortos en la comprensión del alcance de esta política fiscal, la cual fue formulada dentro de un proceso de transición del sistema virreinal neogranadino al republicano que operó como un juego complejo de ajustes, innovaciones y perduraciones.

  2. Evolución del espacio de productos exportados: ¿está Uruguay en el lugar equivocado?

    OpenAIRE

    Vaillant, Marcel; Ferreira-Coimbra, Natalia

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the pattern of trade specialization (PTE) of Uruguay and the dynamics that characterized it throughout the last twenty years. From a descriptive analysis of the PTE is used the methodological framework of the product space developed by Haussman et al (2007) to site Uruguay in terms of its commercial specialization. The EP is the network of relationships that are established between products that are internationally traded. There is a link between the value of each product a...

  3. The Texts of the Instruments connected with the Agency's assistance to Uruguay in Establishing a Research Reactor Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1965-01-01

    The texts of the Supply Agreement between the Agency and the Governments of the United States of America and Uruguay, and of the Project Agreement between the Agency and the Government of Uruguay, in connection with the Agency's assistance to the latter Government in establishing a research reactor project, are reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. These Agreements entered into force on 24 September 1965

  4. Integrative and sustantibility management of the underground water in America Latina. Sustantibility management of Raigon Aquifer. Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-01-01

    This work is a Project which was carried out with the participation of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. These countries carried out eleven hydrogeolical studies with conventional and isotopic methods.The aim of this project is improve the hydrogeologic knowledge. In Uruguay the interest of its study was The Raigon System Aquifer which was denominated as maintained gestion of Raigon Aquifer.

  5. Nuclear right and South Market Common : health citizen protection and environment: comparative study Mercosur situation:critical analysis Uruguay situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puig, D

    1998-01-01

    The present work presents to general study on: the applications of nuclear techniques, technical fundamental for stablishment of to program of radiation protection, to comparative study legislation in radiation protection in the South Market Common (MERCOSUR)Argentina,Brazil,Paraguay,Uruguay as well as Treaties and Agreements. The author carries out a critical analysis from the situation to Institutional level in the Uruguay and it outlines some alternatives to improve the situation [es

  6. U- and Th-series disequilibria in coastal infill sediments from Praia da Rocha (Algarve Region, Portugal): a contribution to the study of late Quaternary weathering and erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, H. M.; Plater, A. J.

    1999-01-01

    U- and Th-series disequilibria observed in a sequence of infill sediments from Praia da Rocha, southern Portugal, were used in combination with geochemical and particle size data to investigate sediment provenance with a view to resolving the late Quaternary weathering and erosion history of the Algarve region, and the stratigraphy of coastal karstic exposures of the Faro/Quarteira (FQ) formation. The red infill units can be distinguished from the brown and buff units on the basis of their lower residual U- and Th-concentrations, their differing post-depositional histories (as revealed by U- and Th-series disequilibria in sequentially extracted sediment phases), and their greater degree of sediment processing. Hence, the buff and brown infill units appear to be derived locally from weathering of the Miocene limestone whilst the red infill may be linked to large-scale mass movement of the FQ formation from further inland, but south of Silves, during the Late Pleistocene. This sequence of events confirms a close association between the formation of karst topography and infilling by gravitational slumping, debris flow and fluvial activity, and, hence, accounts for the complex (three-stage) sediment provenance of the infill material.

  7. Estimating the economic effects of cystic echinococcosis: Uruguay, a developing country with upper-middle income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgerson, P R; Carmona, C; Bonifacino, R

    2000-10-01

    Cost-benefit analyses, run before the commencement of a programme to control a parasitic disease, should include estimates of the economic losses attributable to the disease. Uruguay, a middle-income, developing country, has a recent history of persistent problems with cystic echinococcosis, in both its human population and livestock. The economic effects in Uruguay of this disease, caused by the larval stage of the canine tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus, have now been evaluated. Data on the incidence of the disease, in humans and livestock, were used to construct cost estimates. The estimated minimum cost (U.S.$2.9 million/year) was based on the condemnation costs of infected offal together with the actual costs of the hospital treatment of the human cases. The estimate of the maximum cost (U.S.$22.1 million/year) also included the production losses resulting from lower livestock efficiency and the reduced income of individuals with morbidity attributable to the disease.

  8. Dietary patterns and risk of ductal carcinoma of the breast: a factor analysis in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronco, Alvaro L; De Stefani, Eduardo; Deneo-Pellegrini, Hugo; Boffetta, Paolo; Aune, Dagfinn; Silva, Cecilia; Landó, Gabriel; Luaces, María E; Acosta, Gisele; Mendilaharsu, María

    2010-01-01

    Breast cancer (BC) shows very high incidence rates in Uruguayan women. The present factor analysis of ductal carcinoma of the breast, the most frequent histological type of this malignancy both in Uruguay and in the World, was conducted at a prepaid hospital of Montevideo, Uruguay. We identified 111 cases with ductal BC and 222 controls with normal mammograms. A factor analysis was conducted using 39 food groups, allowing retention of six factors analyzed through logistic regression in order to obtain odds ratios (OR) associated with ductal BC. The low fat and non-alcoholic beverage patterns were inversely associated (OR=0.30 and OR=0.45, respectively) with risk. Conversely, the fatty cheese pattern was positively associated (OR=4.17) as well as the fried white meat (OR=2.28) and Western patterns (OR 2.13). Ductal BC shared similar dietary risk patterns as those identified by studies not discriminating between histologic type of breast cancer.

  9. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE MOSS FLORA OF URUGUAY: THE GENUS POHLIA (BRYOPHYTA, BRYALES, A NEW RECORD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo M. Suárez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El género Pohlia se presenta como un nuevo registro para Uruguay, donde está representado por dos especies: P. wahlenbergii y P. humilis (=P. tenuifolia. Pohlia humilis también se registra por primera vez para Colombia. Se propone a P. loriformis, una especie poco conocida descrita para Bolivia, como un nuevo sinónimo de P. humilis. Se designan lectotipos para P. loriformis y Mielichhoferia brachycarpa. Se presenta una clave para las especies de Pohlia de Uruguay y se indican, para P. humilis, los sinónimos de América del Sur, comentarios breves, su distribución e ilustraciones.

  10. Nuclear raw materials prospection mission 1965 report to the Government of the Republic Oriental del Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cameron, J.

    1966-01-01

    A preliminary reconnaissance survey of Uruguay for nuclear raw materials has been completed. Over 7.700 kilometers have been surveyed by car borne scintillometer and 112 radioactive anomalies have been discovered. Favourable areas with high incidence of anomalies and indications of uranium occurrences have been de-limited in the Minas- Aigua, Valentines-Treinta y Tres, Las Canas, Minas de Corrales and Melo areas. A possibly important indication of uranium at Paso de Las Piedras, Department of Durazno, has also 'been discovered by other means.The area investigated only comprises 0.83 of the total area of Uruguay and the high incidence of anomalies discovered and the other indications of uranium within this area are favourable and encouraging factors for further work,

  11. Evaluation of dolomitic resources of Uruguay (Minas - Pan de Azucar Region)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arrighetti, R; Pirelli, H.; Gianotti, V.; humberto.pirelli@dinamige.miem.gub.uy

    2007-01-01

    This investigation tries - through Phase I and Phase II stages - to get and estimation of the volume of dolomite resources by means of prospecting the region between the city of Minas and the Pan de Azucar hill, Uruguay; with the objective of achieve a reactivation of this area, increasing job offer, commerce, industrial production and construction activities. Phase I is intended to add valuable information about the precise location of calcareous bodies, their basic features, its geochemical characterization and definition of bodies to be studied with higher detail in Phase II. This second stage points to get an evaluation of the Inferred Resources using 1:10 000 maps and lithological sampling networks to obtain a geochemical characterization of the rocky bodies and the core samples extracted by drilling.Keywords: dolomite, exploration, evaluation, Uruguay. (author)

  12. La investigación y la enseñanza del periodismo en el Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Olarreaga

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene actualidad e importancia, por ser Uruguay uno de los países de América Latina que aún no ha incorporado la Enseñanza Superior de las Ciencias de la Comunicación a nivel universitario. El autor hace un análisis de lo que hasta la presente fecha se ha realizado en el campo de la investigación de la comunicación colectiva y la enseñanza del periodismo en el Uruguay. Se describe las investigaciones efectuadas y la metodología empleada en cada una de ellas, lo que da una imagen cabal del desarrollo y esfuerzo por incorporar las disciplinas de la comunicación a la investigación y enseñanza universitarias.

  13. Prevalence of Escherichia coli adhesion-related genes in neonatal calf diarrhea in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umpiérrez, Ana; Acquistapace, Sofía; Fernández, Sofía; Oliver, Martín; Acuña, Patricia; Reolón, Eduardo; Zunino, Pablo

    2016-05-31

    Neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD), one of the most important diseases of neonatal dairy and beef calves in Uruguay, has become relevant in association with intensive systems. This disease generates substantial economic losses every year worldwide as a result of increased morbidity and mortality. Escherichia coli, one of the pathogens associated with NCD, can express several fimbrial and afimbrial adhesins. The objective of this study was to assess the presence of clpG, f5, f17A, f17G(II), and f17G(I) genes that encode three important adhesins expressed in diarrheagenic E. coli: F5, F17 and CS31A, isolated from feces of calves in Uruguay. Feces of 86 (70 diarrheic and 16 healthy) calves, from 15 animal facilities in Uruguay, were collected between 2012 and 2013. Biochemical and molecular identification were performed to finally obtain 298 E. coli isolates. Partial amplification of adhesion-related genes was performed by polymerase chain reaction. The most prevalent gene was f17A (31.2%), followed by f17G(II), clpG, f17G(I) and f5 (25.8%, 17.5%, 3.7% and 0.7%, respectively). All genes were present in diarrheic and healthy animals except f5 and f17G(I); these genes were present only in affected calves, although in low numbers. This is the first report of the presence of F5, F17, and CS31A genes in E. coli strains from NCD cases in Uruguay. Prevalence values of the genes, except f5, were in accordance with regional findings. It is expected that further characterization of locally transmitted strains will contribute to control a problem of regional and international magnitude.

  14. Uruguay - Policy Options for Improving the Efficiency of Uruguay’s Railway Sector : Consolidated Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to review the state of the productive infrastructure of Uruguay and the development policies that govern it and to propose policy options for the long term contribution to achieving a higher level of economic and sustainable development, based on the premise that there is a link between the development of a country's infrastructure and its economic growth. The stud...

  15. Characterization of home gardens in northern Uruguay and methodology for its diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio Traversa; Reyes Alejano

    2013-01-01

    An ecological, productive and social diagnosis of homegardens in Northern Uruguay is displayed in this paper, as well as methodology to achieve it, that could be used in other similar systems. The fieldwork consisted of interactive surveys to producers and field inventories for gathering information on the social, technical, productive and ecologicalaspects of green orchards. . A map of the orchards was done by using a Geographic Information System (GIS). The homegarden is organic, aligned ...

  16. Uruguay mining inventory. Geochemical prospecting results of the Las Flores aerial map

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Bonnefoy, D.; Garau, M.; Spangenberg, J.

    1981-01-01

    In the context of the Uruguay mining inventory, the aerial photography map Las Flores had been covered by a specific strategic which included geochemical prospecting elements. The surface covered has the 550 km2, and 1042 samples which they have been analized in Orleans France. 22 elements by plasma spectroscopy and gold by atomic absorption and for uranium laser spectroscopy . They have been evidenced the following anomalies: gold, Pb, Pb-Ba-Cu, Ba and Ni-Cr

  17. Cenozoic deposits exposed along Rio de la Plata coast in the Canelones Department (Uruguay)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso Aguilar, C.; Spoturno, J.

    2004-01-01

    This paper allows to know some sedimentological and stratigraphical features of the Cenozoic deposits exposed along Rio de la Plata coast in the Canelones department, Uruguay. The results, mainly collected from metric thickness of local stratigraphical sections and coastal outcrops of that region are presented. Both Tertiary and Quaternary sediments are present, however transitional Pleistocenic deposits of Chuy Formation and continental sediments of Libertad Formation are more dominant [es

  18. Geology of hole drill thermal infra basaltic (Guarani Aquifer System) in Salto Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, C.; Muzio, R.; Marmisolle, J.; De Souza, S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with the lithological description of a thermal infrabasaltic (Guarani Aquifer System) hole drill cutting in Dayman (Kanarek Hotel), Salto department (Uruguay). This hole drill shows 152 meters of Buena Vista Formation (Upper Permian- Lower Triassic), 188 meters of Tacuarembo Formation (Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) and 940meters of Arapey Formation (Lower Cretaceous). Petrographical studies of six basaltic levels were done [es

  19. Differences by sex in tobacco use and awareness of tobacco marketing -Bangladesh, Thailand, and Uruguay, 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    The majority of the world's 1.3 billion tobacco users are men, but female use is increasing. To examine differences in tobacco use and awareness of tobacco marketing by sex, CDC and health officials in Bangladesh, Thailand, and Uruguay (among the first countries to report results) analyzed 2009 data from a newly instituted survey, the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated wide variation among the three countries in tobacco use, product types used, and marketing awareness among males and females. In Bangladesh and Thailand, use of smoked tobacco products was far greater among males (44.7% and 45.6%, respectively) than females (1.5% and 3.1%, respectively). In Uruguay, the difference was smaller (30.7% versus 19.8%). Use of smokeless tobacco products in Bangladesh was approximately the same among males (26.4%) and females (27.9%), but females were significantly more likely to use smokeless tobacco in Thailand (6.3% versus 1.3%), and use in Uruguay by either sex was nearly nonexistent. Males in Bangladesh were twice as likely as females to notice cigarette advertising (68.0% versus 29.3%), but the difference between males and females was smaller in Thailand (17.4% versus 14.5%) and Uruguay (49.0% versus 40.0%). In all three countries, awareness of tobacco marketing was more prevalent among females aged 15--24 years than older women. Comprehensive bans on advertising, sponsorship, and promotion of tobacco products, recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), can reduce per capita cigarette consumption if enforced.

  20. Recent advances about of the orogenic modern belt (1000-500 M.A.) in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossi, J.

    1989-01-01

    Progress in lithologic, structural, tectonic and geo tectonic data about a 1000-500 m.y.orogenic belt developed at the East of Uruguay, arrived in the 80, are here described. Conclusions are mainly based on the 1/100.000 scale geologic map of a 6000 sq. km comprised between Sierra Ballena, Sierra de Animas, Pan de Azucar and Mariscala. These new data clearly states the lithological distribution and contribute to guide strategic prospect ion.

  1. Latin American special project: kidney health cooperation project between Uruguay and Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sola, Laura; Plata-Cornejo, Raúl; Fernández-Cean, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Uruguay and Bolivia are two countries that show heterogenicity of the Latin American region, including the national income, the expenditure on health and the services for renal care. In Bolivia, there is manpower shortage for renal care with only 5 nephrologists per million people (pmp) and the prevalence of patients on dialysis is only 200 pmp. This is much lower than the mean prevalence rate of renal replacement therapy for Latin America as a whole. Uruguay on the other hand has more dedicated renal resources with 50 nephrologists pmp, and renal replacement therapy is provided to ~ 1,000 dialysis patients pmp. In November 2012, a collaborative project financed by the Uruguayan International Cooperation Agency was signed by both the Uruguay and Bolivia Ministries of Health, and the goal was to develop a comprehensive program for the prevention and management of all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Bolivia. The specific objectives were to: a) promote renal healthcare in the primary healthcare setting, b) identify kidney disease in populations at risk, and c) optimize patient care at all stages of CKD, including dialysis and transplantation supported with a national ESRD registry in Bolivia. As a first step, delegates from the Bolivian Health Ministry, visited Uruguay in April 2014, primarily to strengthen the development of tools required for developing and maintaining a national registry. In addition, during this visit, a meeting with the president of the Latin American Society of Nephrology and Hypertension (SLANH) culminated in designing a training program for peritoneal dialysis. This highly cooperative relationship is advancing the prevention and care of CKD in Bolivia and may serve as a model for international approaches to advance system level CKD care in countries with limited healthcare resources.

  2. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Fuente del Puma Sheet G-27

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Pena, S.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Fuente del Puma) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. The area corresponding to Fuente del Puma is located in the SW of Lavalleja and NW of Maldonado town and its stratigraphy belong to the Cretaceous and Cenozoic formations as well as the Cambrian and upper Precambrian

  3. Dolichospermum Uruguayense sp. nov., a planktic nostocacean cyanobacterium from the Lower Uruguay River, South America.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kozlíková-Zapomělová, Eliška; Ferrari, G.; Del Carmen Pérez, M.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 16, č. 2 (2016), s. 189-200 ISSN 1802-5439 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP504/10/1501; GA ČR(CZ) GA14-18067S Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : 16s rRNA gene phylogeny * cyanobacteria * Dolichospermum * phytoplankton * polyphasic approach * taxonomy * Uruguay River Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology Impact factor: 1.350, year: 2016

  4. Digenetic trematodes parasitic on Engraulis anchoita (Pisces: Engraulidae) from Argentina and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timi, J T; Martorelli, S R; Sardella, N H

    1999-01-01

    A total of 2,086 specimens of Engraulis anchoita Hubbs et Marini (Pisces: Engraulidae), from waters off Argentina and Uruguay were examined for parasitic digeneans. Four species of digeneans were found, Parahemiurus merus (Linton, 1910) (adult) in the stomach; Lecithochirium microstomum Chandler, 1935 (non-ovigerous and ovigerous juveniles) in the swimbladder; Cardiocephaloides sp. (metacercaria) in the eyes and Rhipidocotyle sp. (metacercaria) in the musculature. These four species are recorded for the first time as parasites of E. anchoita.

  5. Brief Counseling on Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Pregnant Women in Argentina and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemán, Alicia; Morello, Paola; Colomar, Mercedes; Llambi, Laura; Berrueta, Mabel; Gibbons, Luz; Buekens, Pierre; Althabe, Fernando

    2016-12-29

    Argentina and Uruguay have a high prevalence of smoking during pregnancy, as well as of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. In this secondary analysis of a trial to implement brief smoking cessation counseling during antenatal care in Argentina and Uruguay, we aim to evaluate the effects of the intervention on the rates of self-reported SHS exposure at home and at work, and on attitudes recalled by non-smoker women enrolled in the intervention group compared with the control group. We randomly assigned (1:1) 20 antenatal care clusters in Argentina and Uruguay to receive a multifaceted intervention to implement brief smoking cessation counseling, which also included questions and counseling regarding SHS exposure, or to receive the standard of care. There was not a statistically significant difference between groups of the intervention's effect (reduction of exposure to SHS) on any of the three exposure outcome measures (exposure at home, work or other indoor areas) or on the attitudes of women regarding exposure (avoiding breathing SHS and having rooms where smoking is forbidden). This analysis shows that we should not expect reductions in SHS exposure with this modest intervention alone. To achieve such reductions, strategies engaging partners and other household members may be more effective.

  6. New stratigraphic proposal for supra crustal the Dom Feliciano Belt ( Proterozoic , Uruguay )

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Sanchez Bettucci, L.; Oyhantcabal, P.; Pecoits, E.; Aubet, N.; Peel, E.; Basei, M.

    2005-01-01

    Dom Feliciano Belt (Fragoso Cesar 1980) is represented in Uruguay so Preciozzi et to the. (1991) defined as Dionisio Blade Belt. It brings together all affected units by metamorphism and deformation during the Brasiliano (sensu Almeida et al. 1973) and magmatism in the same age range, which develops constituting a belt in southeastern Uruguay. Various supra crustal successions have been recognized in the Western domain of this belt in Uruguay, namely Fm. Zanja del Tigre (Sanchez-Bettucci 1998), Lavalleja Group (Bossi 1966), Arroyo del Soldado Group (Gaucher et al. 1996) and Formations Playa Hermosa (Masquelin and Sanchez Bettucci 1993) and Las Ventanas (Midot 1984), among others. The Group has been Lavalleja correlated with Porongos Group and the Brazilian Brusque Metamorphic Complex (Hasui et al. 1975; Silva and Dias 1981). This group has a granitic basement-probably associated gnéissico to Block Valentines (Preciozzi et al. 1979) and the Land Pavas, aged Paleoproterozoicas and Archean (Hartmann et al. 2001). It comprises varied lithologies, metasedimentary; metavolcanic acid; basic and metagabbros metavolcanic

  7. Long-term flow forecasts based on climate and hydrologic modeling: Uruguay River basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucci, Carlos Eduardo Morelli; Clarke, Robin Thomas; Collischonn, Walter; da Silva Dias, Pedro Leite; de Oliveira, Gilvan Sampaio

    2003-07-01

    This paper describes a procedure for predicting seasonal flow in the Rio Uruguay drainage basin (area 75,000 km2, lying in Brazilian territory), using sequences of future daily rainfall given by the global climate model (GCM) of the Brazilian agency for climate prediction (Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Clima, or CPTEC). Sequences of future daily rainfall given by this model were used as input to a rainfall-runoff model appropriate for large drainage basins. Forecasts of flow in the Rio Uruguay were made for the period 1995-2001 of the full record, which began in 1940. Analysis showed that GCM forecasts underestimated rainfall over almost all the basin, particularly in winter, although interannual variability in regional rainfall was reproduced relatively well. A statistical procedure was used to correct for the underestimation of rainfall. When the corrected rainfall sequences were transformed to flow by the hydrologic model, forecasts of flow in the Rio Uruguay basin were better than forecasts based on historic mean or median flows by 37% for monthly flows and by 54% for 3-monthly flows.

  8. A new genus and species of opisthogonimid (Digenea) of Liophis anomalus (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volonterio, Odile; Baletta, Silvana; Meneghel, Melitta

    2006-10-01

    During a study on the helminth fauna of Liophis anomalus specimens deposited in the Reptile Collection of the Secci6n Zoología Vertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias, Uruguay, a new genus of Opisthogoniminae was found. Paracotyletrema n. gen. is described from the buccal cavity and esophagus of specimens from Departamento de Flores, Uruguay. This new genus differs from the other 2 Opisthogoniminae, Opisthogonimus and Westella, by having much smaller body size; maximum width at level of posterior end of oral sucker; oral sucker length more than one-fourth of body length; oral sucker and acetabulum separated by a distance of about the diameter of pharynx; cirrus pouch length more than half of body length; and testes in completely coincident zones. The type and only species, Paracotyletrema poncedeleoni n. gen., n. sp., is defined by the following diagnostic characters: mean oral sucker length one-third to one-half of body length; cirrus pouch of about body length, contorted, mainly acetabular; large, round testes in nearly adjacent fields, and an ovary nearly adjacent to right testis. Besides the type locality, Paracotyletrema poncedeleoni has been found in L. anomalus specimens from the Departamentos of Artigas and Treinta y Tres; therefore, it has a widespread distribution in Uruguay.

  9. Brief Counseling on Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Pregnant Women in Argentina and Uruguay

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    Alicia Alemán

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Argentina and Uruguay have a high prevalence of smoking during pregnancy, as well as of secondhand smoke (SHS exposure. In this secondary analysis of a trial to implement brief smoking cessation counseling during antenatal care in Argentina and Uruguay, we aim to evaluate the effects of the intervention on the rates of self-reported SHS exposure at home and at work, and on attitudes recalled by non-smoker women enrolled in the intervention group compared with the control group. We randomly assigned (1:1 20 antenatal care clusters in Argentina and Uruguay to receive a multifaceted intervention to implement brief smoking cessation counseling, which also included questions and counseling regarding SHS exposure, or to receive the standard of care. There was not a statistically significant difference between groups of the intervention’s effect (reduction of exposure to SHS on any of the three exposure outcome measures (exposure at home, work or other indoor areas or on the attitudes of women regarding exposure (avoiding breathing SHS and having rooms where smoking is forbidden. This analysis shows that we should not expect reductions in SHS exposure with this modest intervention alone. To achieve such reductions, strategies engaging partners and other household members may be more effective.

  10. A survey of Senecio spp. affecting livestock in Uruguay and their associated pyrrolizidine alkaloid content

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    Juan Agustín García

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: In Eastern Uruguay there has been a significant increase of seneciosis in grazing livestock with most affected localities related to counties neighboring the Brazilian border. A survey in 28 farms associated with poisoning outbreaks in grazing cattle in Eastern Uruguay was carried out. Fifty populations of Senecio plants were collected for alkaloid analysis and species identification. Four species were identified: S. oxyphyllus DC, S. madagascariensis Poir, S. brasiliensis (Spreng. Less., and S. selloi DC. Alkaloids were identified by a combination of GC-MS and HPLC-MS analysis and included: retrorsine in S. oxyphyllus; retrorsine, usaramine, and senecivernine/senecionine in S. selloi; retrorsine, senecivernine/senecionine, integerrimine, and usaramine in S. madagascariensis; and integerrimine, retrorsine and senecionine in S. brasiliensis. Total mean alkaloid concentration was reported to be highest in S. brasiliensis (17.6mg/g followed by S. oxyphyllus (6.2mg/g, S. selloi (1.8mg/g and S. madagascariensis (0.6mg/g. Alkaloid concentrations were also reported to be higher in 2015 vs. 2016 probably due to a common environmental factor. The species S. oxyphyllus and S. madagascariensis were not previously recognized as toxic plants in Eastern Uruguay. Particularly, S. oxyphyllus was present in 82% of the farms surveyed and occurred in high density with relative high concentrations of pyrrolizidine alkaloids suggesting S. oxyphyllus may be the main species involved in the reported outbreaks of seneciosis.

  11. Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Uruguay: results of a nationwide survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallarreta, Marcelo; Furtado, João M; Lansingh, Van C; Silva, Juan Carlos; Limburg, Hans

    2014-10-01

    To investigate and describe the prevalence and causes of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment in older adults living in Uruguay. All individuals aged ≥ 50 years old living in randomly selected clusters were eligible to participate. In each census enumeration unit selected, 50 residents aged 50 years and older were chosen to participate in the study using compact segment sampling. The study participants underwent visual acuity (VA) measurement and lens examination; those with presenting VA (PVA) glaucoma (14.3%) were the main causes of blindness. Prevalence of SVI and MVI was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.5-1.3) and 7.9% (95% CI: 6.0-9.7) respectively. Cataract was the main cause of SVI (65.7%), followed by uncorrected refractive error (14.3%), which was the main cause of MVI (55.2%). Cataract surgical coverage was 76.8% (calculated by eye) and 91.3% (calculated by individual). Of all eyes operated for cataract, 70.0% could see ≥ 20/60 and 15.3% could not see 20/200 post-surgery. Prevalence of blindness in Uruguay is low compared to other Latin American countries, but further reduction is feasible. Due to Uruguay's high cataract surgical coverage and growing proportion of people ≥ 50 years old, the impact of posterior pole diseases as a contributing factor to blindness might increase in future.

  12. Vacunación contra Haemophilus influenzae tipo b en el Uruguay: experiencia e impacto Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type b in Uruguay: experience and impact

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    Gloria Ruocco

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Between 1979 and 1994, epidemiological surveillance of meningitides in Uruguay showed a progressive increase in suppurative meningitides due mainly to Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib. The cases were concentrated in children under 5; however, among the cases caused by Hib, 70% affected children from 1 to 11 months old. Facing this situation, the Ministry of Public Health resolved, as of August 1994, to include the Hib vaccine in the country's Expanded Program on Immunization, which has been in place since 1982. The Hib vaccination is done without charge and is obligatory for all children under 5 years of age. It is done using the following series of vaccinations: a three doses, given at 2, 4, and 6 months, with a booster dose at age 1; b children from 7 to 11 months old receive two doses two months apart and a booster dose a year later; and c a single dose for children 12 months to 4 years old. Between August and December 1994 a coverage rate of 76.6% was reached among children between 2 months and 4 years old, and the coverage has remained above 80% in the new cohorts. In Uruguay, this vaccination strategy had a spectacular impact on morbidity and mortality due to meningitides caused by Hib. One of the results was that the incidence of 15.6 per 100000 registered in children under 5 in the prevaccination years declined to 0.03 per 100000 in 1996.

  13. Defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay: transnational tobacco control network versus Philip Morris International.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosbie, Eric; Sosa, Particia; Glantz, Stanton A

    2018-03-01

    Describe the process of enacting and defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay amid Philip Morris International's (PMI) legal threats and challenges. Triangulated government legislation, news sources and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Uruguay. In 2008 and 2009, the Uruguayan government enacted at the time the world's largest pictorial health warning labels (80% of front and back of package) and prohibited different packaging or presentations for cigarettes sold under a given brand. PMI threatened to sue Uruguay in international courts if these policies were implemented. The Vazquez administration maintained the regulations, but a week prior to President Vazquez's successor, President Mujica, took office on 1 March 2010 PMI announced its intention to file an investment arbitration dispute against Uruguay in the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes. Initially, the Mujica administration announced it would weaken the regulations to avoid litigation. In response, local public health groups in Uruguay enlisted former President Vazquez and international health groups and served as brokers to develop a collaboration with the Mujica administration to defend the regulations. This united front between the Uruguayan government and the transnational tobacco control network paid off when Uruguay defeated PMI's investment dispute in July 2016. To replicate Uruguay's success, other countries need to recognise that strong political support, an actively engaged local civil society and financial and technical support are important factors in overcoming tobacco industry's legal threats to defend strong public health regulations. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  14. A nationwide survey on seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infection in beef cattle in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bañales, Pedro; Fernandez, Leandro; Repiso, María V; Gil, Andres; Dargatz, David A; Osawa, Takeshi

    2006-06-30

    Bovine abortions due to Neospora caninum infection have been reported worldwide and its economic impact on the beef industry has been acknowledged as a problem. Uruguay has the largest export value of beef per acre in South America. However, no data on the prevalence of N. caninum infection have been available in this country. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of N. caninum infection in beef cattle in Uruguay through a nationwide survey. A two stage sampling design was used with farms being selected in stage one and animals being selected in stage two. A brief questionnaire was administered on each farm. Seroprevalence of N. caninum in 4444 beef cattle from 229 farms in all the counties, except Montevideo, of Uruguay was determined by an ELISA. The data were then analyzed to identify associations between infection and variables such as type of animal (cow or heifer), herd size, use of veterinary advice, productivity of the soil in relation to the national average, use of improved grass, use of mineral salts, use of supplemental feed, and presence of a dog(s) on the farm. The estimated proportion of positive farms for all the beef cattle operations was 69.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 53.7-84.7). The overall cattle seroprevalence was estimated as 13.9% (95% CI, 11.6-16.3). The prevalence estimation by animal category was 14.3% (95% CI, 11.4-17.2) for beef cows and 12.9% (95% CI, 10.0-15.8) for beef heifers. There was no significant difference in the estimated prevalence between the two animal types. There was no significant difference in the animal level prevalence of N. caninum infection among different herd sizes. None of the herd demographic or management variables was significantly associated with the seropositivity to N. caninum infection. In conclusion, these results show that N. caninum infection is common among beef herds across Uruguay. Since the beef industry is one of the key industries in Uruguay, the

  15. Por uma estética antropogáfica em Oswald de Andrade, Glauber Rocha e Olney São Paulo

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    Dinameire Oliveira Carneiro Rios

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As escolhas de elementos do campo ético e estético aproximam o Modernismo brasileiro e o Cinema Novo, movimentos artísticos que agenciaram um reconhecimento dos valores da cultura popular, reelaborando as práticas estéticas e manifestações das culturas que estão no cerne da formação nacional, além de subsidiar as bases estruturais da nova obra de arte produzida, buscando constantemente nas produções artísticas da época uma intertextualidade que pretendesse dialogar com o passado e o presente do país em cada um desses momentos históricos e artísticos. Nesse sentido, este trabalho analisa a posição crítica e intelectual de três importantes pensadores desses períodos: inicialmente Oswald de Andrade e Glauber Rocha, intelectuais revolucionários, vanguardistas que propuseram em suas obras a descolonização da arte brasileira, o primeiro através da metáfora ritualística da antropofagia transformada numa elaboração teórica da cultura nacional que aliava barbárie e técnica; e o segundo, por meio da violência provocada pela fome teorizada na Estética da Fome, discutindo, por fim, como essas duas propostas que nortearam o Modernismo e o Cinema Novo no Brasil encontram-se presentes na produção fílmica e intelectual do cineasta baiano Olney São Paulo.

  16. A ESTÉTICA DA ANTROPOFAGIA: DEVORAÇÃO, CRÍTICA E CINEMA EM OSWALD DE ANDRADE, GLAUBER ROCHA E OLNEY SÃO PAULO

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    Dinameire Oliveira Carneiro RIOS

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As escolhas de elementos do campo ético e estético aproximam o Modernismobrasileiro e o Cinema Novo, movimentos artísticos que agenciaram um reconhecimento dosvalores da cultura popular, reelaborando as práticas estéticas e manifestações das culturas queestão no cerne de nossa formação, além de subsidiar as bases estruturais da nova obra de arteproduzida, buscando constantemente dentro das produções artísticas destes períodos umaintertextualidade que pretendesse dialogar com o passado e o presente do país em cada umdesses momentos históricos e artísticos. Nesse sentido, este trabalho analisa a posição crítica eintelectual de três importantes pensadores destes momentos estéticos brasileiros: inicialmenteOswald de Andrade e Glauber Rocha, intelectuais revolucionários, vanguardistas quepropuseram em suas obras a descolonização da arte brasileira, o primeiro através da metáforaritualística da antropofagia transformada numa elaboração teórica da cultura nacional quealiava barbárie e técnica e o segundo por meio da violência provocada pela fome teorizada na“Estética da Fome”, discutindo, por fim, como essas duas propostas que nortearam oModernismo e o Cinema Novo no Brasil encontram-se presentes na produção fílmica eintelectual do cineasta baiano Olney São Paulo.

  17. "Aquellas escaramuzas por mí memoradas": Experiencia y memorias de batalla en las crónicas de Hernán Cortés y Bernal Díaz del Castillo

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    Valeria Añón

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In this essay we analyze the representation of the conquest in Cartas de Relación by Hernán Cortés and in Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España by Bernal Díaz del Castillo. In both chronicles, the experience of the New World to be conquered organizes the plot and contributes to define identities. We analyze, in particular, some transcendent events in the conquest of México, such as the so called "Noche Triste" and the siege of Tenochitlan, in which multiple and complex images and metaphors are used to represent experience, along with several discursive traditions.

  18. Estrategias didácticas y la comunicación en los niños y niñas de 5 años de la Villa Monte Castillo: Catacaos, Piura, Perú, 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Murillo Antón, Jaimin

    2014-01-01

    Este estudio tuvo por objeto determinar en qué medida se relaciona las estrategias didácticas y la comunicación en los niños y niñas de educación inicial 5 años de la villa Monte Castillo. Se trabajó con una muestra de 40 niños aplicándose un cuestionario que presentaba la variable predictora estrategias didácticas y sus tres dimensiones estrategia de circulación e información, estrategia de elaboración y estrategia de organización e información la variable de criterio comunicación y sus dos ...

  19. La Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España, de Bernal Díaz del Castillo: Un estudio bibliográfico de las dos primeras ediciones

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    Jeffers, Clara F.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende mostrar la evidencia que confirma cuál de las dos primeras ediciones de la Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España de Bernal Díaz del Castillo es, en realidad, la primera. Las dos tienen pies de imprenta muy parecidos -Madrid, Imprenta del Reino- y ambas llevan la fecha de 1632, o bien en la portada o en la suma de la tasa. A través de la evidencia bibliográfica comprobamos que la edición con la portada calcográfica es la primera edición, y la edición con la portada tipográfica es una edición contrahecha posterior. Este artículo es fruto de una investigación realizada como trabajo de fin del máster titulado "Crónicas americanas en la Biblioteca Histórica "Marques de Valdecilla".The following article uses bibliographical evidence to prove which of the two first editions of Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España by Bernal Díaz del Castillo is the true first edition and which is a posterior illegal edition. Both have the date 1632 either in their imprint or in their legal preliminaries, but this article will show that the illegal edition was printed at a later date. This article is the result of research carried out during the course of investigation related to the Master's Thesis "Crónicas americanas en la Biblioteca Histórica "Marques de Valdecilla".

  20. APORTACIÓN DE LA CONVENCIÓN AMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS A LA PERSPECTIVA CHILENA DE LA DOGMÁTICA PROCESAL DEL DERECHO A LA TUTELA JUDICIAL. UN APOYO EN DOS FALLOS: CASOS BARRIOS ALTOS Y CASTILLO PETRUZZI

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    Diego I Palomo Vélez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La paradoja del referente nacional en materia de protección constitucional de las garantías procesales fundamentales (el Common Law y su due process of law, no ha hundido sus raíces sólo en aspectos que podrían denominarse teóricos, sino que ha aparejado consecuencias prácticas en la efectiva protección que reciben los derechos procesales básicos por parte de la judicatura. En efecto, la ausencia de un catálogo constitucional de estos derechos y garantías (al estilo de los países de Europa continental revalora la importancia de la Convención Americana como integrante de nuestro ordenamiento jurídico a través del bloque de constitucionalidad, y obliga a poner seria atención en lo allí dispuesto, como asimismo en la jurisprudencia que bajo su alero se ha ido desarrollando. De ello precisamente trata este trabajo, apoyándonos muy principalmente en dos fallos: Casos Barrios Altos y Castillo Petruzzi.The paradox of the national reference in the topic of constitutional protection of the fundamental legal guarantees (the Common Law and its due process of law has not sunk its roots only in aspects that could be defined as theoretical but has prepared practical consequences in the effective protection that the basic legal rights on behalf of the judicature receive. Indeed, the absence of a constitutional catalogue of these rights and guarantees (in the style of countries in continental Europe revalues the importance of the American Convention as a member of our judicial legislation through the constitutional bloc, and obligates putting serious attention in its contents as well as in the jurisprudence, which under its protection has been developing. This paper deals with this topic being mainly supported by two verdicts: Caso Barrios Altos and Castillo Petruzzi.

  1. Características de latossolos roxos desenvolvidos de rochas alcalinas e básicas de Jaboticabal, SP Characteristics of dusky red latosols developed from alcaline and basic rocks in Jaboticabal, SP

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    J.F. Centurion

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available Comparou-se as características químicas, físicas e mineralógicas de Latossolos Roxos desenvolvidos de rocha alcalina (LRe e de rocha eruptiva básica (LRd, da região de Jaboticabal, SP. Os resultados indicaram que o LRe apresenta-se num estádio de desenvolvimento, comparativamente, menos evoluído que o LRd, enquanto esse se apresenta com tendência para a maturidade. Os menores teores de argila e ferro total e maiores teores de saturação por bases, Ki e CTC da fração argila apresentados pelo LRe comprovam esta tendência. Conclui-se que a ocorrência de Latossolo Roxo eutrófico no campus da UNESP-Jaboticabal, pode estar associada a participação de rochas alcalinas na sua pedogênese.A comparative study was carried out on chemical, physical and mineralogical characteristics of dusky red latosols originated from the weathering of alcaline (LRe and basic eruptive rocks (LRd, of the Jaboticabal country Brazil The results showed that the LRe presented a younger development stage than LRd, while this soil showed a tendency to maturity. This trend was corraborated through the lower clay and total Fe2O3, contents and higher base saturation contents, Si2O/Al2O3 molecular ratio (Ki and clay f ration CEC presented by LRe. It can be concluded that the occurrence of eutrophic dusky red latosols hi the UNESP-Jaboticabal campus may be due to the influence of alcaline rocks.

  2. Assessing the impact of cigarette package health warning labels: a cross-country comparison in Brazil, Uruguay, and Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F; Villalobos, Victor; Szklo, André; Fong, Geoffrey T; Pérez, Cristina; Sebrié, Ernesto; Sansone, Natalie; Figueiredo, Valeska; Boado, Marcelo; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Bianco, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    Objective To assess the impact of different health warning labels (HWL). Material and Methods Data from the International Tobacco Control Survey (ITC Survey) were analyzed from adult smokers in Brazil, Uruguay and Mexico, each of which used a different HWL strategy (pictures of human suffering and diseased organs; abstract pictorial representations of risk; and text-only messages, respectively). Main outcomes were HWL salience and cognitive impact. Results HWLs in Uruguay (which was the only country with a HWL on the front of the package) had higher salience than either Brazilian or Mexican packs. People at higher levels of educational attainment in Mexico were more likely to read the text-only HWLs whereas education was unassociated with salience in Brazil or Uruguay. Brazilian HWLs had greater cognitive impacts than HWLs in either Uruguay or Mexico. HWLs in Uruguay generated lower cognitive impacts than the text-only HWLs in Mexico. In Brazil, cognitive impacts were strongest among smokers with low educational attainment. Conclusions This study suggests that HWLs have the most impact when they are prominent (i.e., front and back of the package) and include emotionally engaging imagery that illustrates negative bodily impacts or human suffering due to smoking. PMID:21243191

  3. El Poder Simbólico de las Gremiales Ganaderos en el Uruguay Contemporáneo The simbolic power of cattle raisers' associations in contemporary Uruguay

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    Alberto Riella

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se buscará estudiar el amplio poder de influencia que los grandes estancieros y sus gremiales logran mantener desde hace más de un siglo en el Uruguay. Mediante el análisis de la dimensión simbólica del mundo social agrario estudiaremos las prácticas discursivas de las Gremiales Ganaderas - Asociación Rural del Uruguay y Federación Rural - como parte central de su estrategia simbólica para mantener su hegemonía en el campo social agrario. En este sentido, creemos que la construcción social del territorio en nuestro país se asienta en la forma de percepción impuesta por el poder simbólico de este grupo que ha hecho de sus formas particulares de apropiación y uso de la tierra la única forma posible y legítima de utilización de los recursos naturales. Para el análisis de las prácticas discursivas partimos del supuesto de que las organizaciones sociales, gremiales y corporativas están siempre inmersas en luchas simbólicas, ya que en ellas está en juego la realización objetiva de sus intereses a largo plazo. Utilizando los términos de Merton, podríamos afirmar que, más allá de la función manifiesta de una organización - gremial, comercial, profesional -, siempre hay una función latente que procura imponer a sus adversarios y a la opinión pública la "visión del mundo" propia del grupo que representa. En consecuencia, en las prácticas discursivas de estos agentes podremos encontrar claramente expresado su poder, sus alianzas, sus conflictos, lo que nos permite acceder a la comprensión de su estrategia simbólica de reproducción social.This article will try to study the broad influence and power maintained by large landowners and their associations since over a century ago in Uruguay. Based on the analysis of the symbolic dimensions of the agrarian world, we will study discursive practices of Cattle Owners Associations - Asociación Rural del Uruguay and Federación Rural - as a core part of their

  4. Detección de cepas de Neisseria meningitidis resistentes a rifampicina en el Uruguay Detection of rifampicin-resistant strains of Neisseria meningitidis in Uruguay

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    Gabriel Pérez Giffoni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue caracterizar fenotípica y genotípicamente dos aislamientos de Neisseria meningitidis resistentes a rifampicina relacionados con dos eventos independientes de transmisión de enfermedad meningocócica grave que se presentaron en septiembre y octubre de 2010 en Montevideo, Uruguay. Se revisó también la base de datos de la vigilancia nacional de resistencia a los antimicrobianos de los últimos 10 años, para estimar la frecuencia de la particularidad de los meningococos caracterizados. La resistencia a rifampicina se estudió por el método epsilométrico. El serotipo y serosubtipo de los aislamientos se determinaron por ELISA y la caracterización genotípica se realizó por digestión del ADN con NheI y electroforesis en gel con campo pulsátil. Ambos aislamientos eran idénticos, B:2a:P1.5, y su fenotipo no figuraba en la colección de 408 cepas de N. meningitidis aisladas en el Uruguay en los últimos 10 años, con la excepción de dos aislamientos sensibles a rifampicina. Los dos aislamientos estudiados también compartían un pulsotipo único, diferente del de otros dos aislamientos resistentes a rifampicina obtenidos en 2003 y 2007. Por lo tanto, ambos eventos de transmisión fueron causados por una única cepa resistente a rifampicina, que podría haberse introducido al país desde otras regiones o haberse originado por un cambio del serogrupo C al B, como producto de la presión selectiva ejercida por vacunas administradas a la población. Es necesario mantener y extremar la vigilancia. No obstante, en vista de que hasta el momento este tipo de hallazgo ha sido esporádico, no se justifica cambiar el fármaco antimicrobiano que se administra a los contactos para la profilaxis, a menos que se identifique un caso secundario.The objective of this study was to characterize the phenotype and genotype of two isolates of rifampicin-resistant Neisseria meningitidis associated with two independent events

  5. The Punta del Este Suspect Terrane: a possible counterpart in Eastern Uruguay of the Namaqua Complex and Gariep Belt in Western Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Basei, M.; Peel, E.

    2005-01-01

    two tectono-stratigraphic sets with the eastern portion occupied by parautochthonous units of a passive continental margin (Port Nolloth Zone) and a western allochthonous domain (Marmora Terrane). The evidences of blueschist facies metamorphism, countless times referred in the literature (Kröner, 1974; Porada, 1979), have been recently ruled out by Frimmel and Hartnady (1992). The sedimentation period of the Gariep Group is attributed to the Neoproterozoic because it lays discordantly on the rhyolite units (Ross Pinah Formation) dated by the single zircon evaporation technique as 735Ma (Frimmel, 1995). Meert §& Van der Voo (1994) correlated diamictite intercalations, probably of age between 580 and 560 Ma, in the upper portion of the Gariep Group with the glacial deposits of Vendian age. The northeastern portion of the Gariep Group is covered by not metamorphosed sediments of the Nama Group. In the South-American counterpart, that is, the South-Brazilian region and the Uruguayan territory, an old western domain is observed The Central Domain is represented by the Rio de La Plata Craton (sensus Almeida et al.,1973) ,by de Nico Perez Terrane (Bossi et al.,1992 ;Valentines Block,PavasTerrane (Preciozzi et al.,1979) and the Rivera granitic-gneissic complex ..All of them were generated or intensively reworked during the Neoproterozoic, distributed along its eastern border and as a whole organised in the NE-SW direction. In these domain, a granitic-migmatitic infrastructure and sedimentary basins and low- to medium metamorphic grade covers predominate, related to the Lavalleja-supergroup and Zanja del Cerro Grande Group The Rocha formation is developed as a metasedimentary cover in the Punta del Este Terrane,being associated to the Atlantic Domain. Geochronologic studies recently performed in the southeastern portion of Uruguay allowed the identification of igneous rocks with U-Pb ages in zircons ranging from 650 to 1000Ma. These ages, added to the geological

  6. Report of the procedure of voluntary interruption of pregnancy at a university hospital in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentancor, Ana; Hernández, Ana Laura; Godoy, Yamile; Dapueto, Juan J

    2016-07-04

    To describe the constitution and operation of a voluntary interruption of pregnancy team of a university hospital, from the outlook of the mental health team. In this case study, the following aspects were analyzed: 1) historical background; 2) implementation of Law 18,897 of October 22, 2012; and 3) functioning of the program at the Hospital de Clínicas of the Facultad de Medicina (Universidad de la República, Uruguay), taking into account three dimensions: structure, process, and results. Between December 2012 and November 2013, a total of 6,676 voluntary interruptions of pregnancy were reported in Uruguay; out of these, 80 were conducted at the Hospital de Clínicas. The patients' demographic data agreed with those reported at the national level: Of the total patients, 81.0% were aged over 19 years; 6.2% decided to continue with the pregnancy; and only 70.0% attended the subsequent control and received advice on contraception. In its implementation year in Uruguay, we can assess the experience as positive from the point of view of women's health. Our experience as a mental health team at the Hospital de Clínicas, inserted into the multidisciplinary voluntary interruption of pregnancy team, is in the process of assessment and reformulation of practices. Describir la conformación y funcionamiento de un equipo de interrupción voluntaria del embarazo de un hospital universitario, desde la mirada del equipo de salud mental. En este estudio de caso, se analizan los siguientes aspectos: 1) antecedentes históricos; 2) implementación de la Ley 18.897 de 22 de octubre de 2012; y 3) funcionamiento del programa en el Hospital de Clínicas de la Facultad de Medicina (Universidad de la República, Uruguay), teniendo en cuenta tres dimensiones (estructura, proceso y resultados). Entre diciembre de 2012 y noviembre de 2013, se reportaron en Uruguay un total de 6.676 interrupciones voluntarias del embarazo; de ellas, 80 se llevaron a cabo en el Hospital de Clínicas. Los

  7. Provenance and paleogeography of the Devonian Durazno Group, southern Parana Basin in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uriz, N. J.; Cingolani, C. A.; Basei, M. A. S.; Blanco, G.; Abre, P.; Portillo, N. S.; Siccardi, A.

    2016-03-01

    A succession of Devonian cover rocks occurs in outcrop and in the subsurface of central-northern Uruguay where they were deposited in an intracratonic basin. This Durazno Group comprises three distinct stratigraphic units, namely the Cerrezuelo, Cordobés and La Paloma formations. The Durazno Group does not exceed 300 m of average thickness and preserves a transgressive-regressive cycle within a shallow-marine siliciclastic shelf platform, and is characterized by an assemblage of invertebrate fossils of Malvinokaffric affinity especially within the Lower Devonian Cordobés shales. The sedimentary provenance of the Durazno Group was determined using petrography, geochemistry, and morphological studies of detrital zircons as well as their U-Pb ages. Sandstone petrography of Cerrezuelo and La Paloma sequences shows that they have a dominantly quartz-feldspathic composition with a minor contribution of other minerals. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that alteration was strong in each of the three formations studied; chondritic-normalized REE patterns essentially parallel to PAAS, the presence of a negative Eu-anomaly, and Th/Sc and La/Hf ratios point to an average source composition similar to UCC or slightly more felsic. Within the Cerrezuelo Formation, recycling of older volcano-metasedimentary sources is interpreted from Zr/Sc ratios and high Hf, Zr, and REE concentrations. U-Pb detrital zircon age populations of the Cerrezuelo and La Paloma formations indicate that the principal source terranes are of Neoproterozoic age, but include also minor populations derived from Mesoproterozoic and Archean-Paleoproterozoic rocks. A provenance from the Cuchilla Dionisio-Dom Feliciano, Nico Pérez and Piedra Alta terranes of Uruguay and southern Brazil is likely. This study establishes an intracratonic extensional tectonic setting during Durazno time. Considering provenance age sources, regional paleocurrent distributions and the established orogenic history recorded in SW

  8. El desarrollo profesional médico continuo en el Uruguay de cara al siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larre Borges Uruguay

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the evolution of the concept of continuing medical professional development in Uruguay, as that professional development has progressed from independent and varied efforts that were not coordinated or evaluated to a plan that is aimed at improving the quality of educational activities and programs and making them accessible to all the physicians in the country. In contrast to countries where scientific societies and medical associations preside over continuing professional development, in Uruguay the Graduate School of the School of Medicine of the University of the Republic has taken on managing and developing this process. The key objective of this process is for the Graduate School to work in conjunction with other leading players in professional development to create a national system of continuing medical professional development. This system should be interinstitutional and include both public and private entities. By having the key public institutions (the Graduate School and the Ministry of Public Health working with private entities (medical associations, scientific societies, and health care institutions, there should be an adequate balance of interests. The national professional development system should work in the most decentralized manner possible and should be based on a network of units distributed around the entire country, but with centralized coordination. The system's interinstitutional character should ensure high technical and ethical standards as well as a balance among the governmental, commercial, professional, and university components. This system should serve as the basis for extending this activity to all health personnel in Uruguay. While the national system is still being finalized, the Graduate School has implemented a process of accrediting institutions that are involved in continuing professional medical development. The aim of this accreditation process is to improve the educational

  9. Les disparus politiques en Uruguay, entre l’histoire et la mémoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Allier Montaño

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Depuis un certain temps, les discussions sur les passés récents et violents, connus lors des années 1960-1980, sont l’un des enjeux majeurs des espaces publics dans plusieurs pays de l’Amérique du Sud. L’Uruguay, ayant vécu un régime civique militaire fortement répressif entre 1973 et 1985, n’a pas été l’exception. Pourtant, bien que les mémoires publiques sur ce passé aient traversé différentes périodes, c’est la disparition des personnes qui conduit presque toute l’histoire des luttes autour de la mémoire du pays. Dans ce texte, nous nous attelons à tracer l’histoire de la mémoire des disparus politiques dans l’arène publique en Uruguay pour connaître les motifs qu’ont faits des disparus de l’image du passé récent.Discussions on violence during the years 1960-1980 in South America have for some time been a central issue in the public space of many South American countries. Uruguay, having gone through a strongly repressive civic-military regime between 1973 and 1985, was no exception. While public memories on this period have gone through different phases, the forced disappearances have always been the main focus of the struggles for memory. This article attempts to trace the history of the remembering of these victims of forced disappearance in the Uruguayan public arena in order to determine memory patterns in the image of a recent past.

  10. El Poder Simbólico de las Gremiales Ganaderos en el Uruguay Contemporáneo

    OpenAIRE

    Riella,Alberto; Andrioli,Alexandra

    2004-01-01

    En este artículo se buscará estudiar el amplio poder de influencia que los grandes estancieros y sus gremiales logran mantener desde hace más de un siglo en el Uruguay. Mediante el análisis de la dimensión simbólica del mundo social agrario estudiaremos las prácticas discursivas de las Gremiales Ganaderas - Asociación Rural del Uruguay y Federación Rural - como parte central de su estrategia simbólica para mantener su hegemonía en el campo social agrario. En este sentido, creemos que la const...

  11. Diagnóstico de Bienestar Animal en un criadero intensivo de carpinchos (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) en Salto, Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Minteguiaga-Boutureira, Mahia Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Propósito: En el marco de la realización de una tesis de maestría en comportamiento reproductivo (Programa de Posgrado de Facultad de Veterinaria, UdelaR, Uruguay), se procedió a evaluar el nivel de bienestar animal del plantel de carpinchos (H. hydrochaeris) de un criadero de sistema intensivo de producción. Temas: La cría del carpincho en Uruguay aún no se ha afianzado, pese a que el consumo ilegal de su carne y el uso de ejemplares como mascotas es una realidad innegable. Pero las pocas in...

  12. Final report to United Nations Industrial development organization on evaluation of tender for the Valentine iron ore project in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    The Government of Uruguay (Project Authorities)is desirous of improving their national economy through exploitation of resources with which the nation is endowed. Studies so far conducted in Uruguay reveal that the Valentine iron ore deposits amount to about 30 million tons with an average Fe-content of 331; an additional probable reserve of about 17 million tons is also expected. The Project Authorities have been examining the possibility of exploiting these iron reserves for the establishment of a viable iron and steel complex within the country.

  13. Constitutional Decree No. 19 promulgating the Constitution of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, 15 August 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    This Decree amends Section 44 of the Constitution of Uruguay to read as follows: "44. The State shall legislate on all matters related to public health and hygiene, and shall assure the improvement of the physical, moral, and social well-being of all the inhabitants of the country. All inhabitants shall have a duty to care for their own health and to have themselves treated in the event of disease. The State shall make available, without charge, means of prevention and medical care to indigent persons or to persons lacking sufficient resources." full text

  14. The impact of prenatal care on birthweight: the case of Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewell, R Todd; Triunfo, Patricia

    2006-11-01

    This study analyzes prenatal care and birthweight in Uruguay. These data are unique since they represent a population of urban, poor women who gave birth in a health care system that provides both prenatal and obstetric care free of charge. This study finds a positive effect of increased prenatal care use on birthweight and evidence of bias in OLS estimates, similar to studies that use US data. The results highlight the usefulness of existing methodologies for estimating the effect of prenatal care on birthweight and the importance of extending these methodologies to data from countries other than the US. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Property rights and chronic diseases: evidence from a natural experiment in Montevideo, Uruguay 1990-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandelman, Néstor

    2010-07-01

    We exploit a natural experiment in Montevideo, Uruguay, in order to analyse the effects on human health of granting formal property rights to untitled individuals. Because of administrative mistakes committed decades ago by an institution that no longer exists, such rights may be transferred to residents of some neighborhoods but not to residents of others. We found that titling reduces the probability of suffering from hypertension and diabetes and in some cases rheumatism and asthma as well within 17 years of being offered property rights, but we did not find statistically significant evidence that the housing quality functions as a channel between titling and health. 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Contribution to the study of Arapey Salto-Aquifer System (Department of Salto - Uruguay)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Massa, E.

    1994-01-01

    This paper provide hydrogeological data about the Salto Arapey aquifer system constituted by sedimentary deposits and fisurate effusive rocks, respectively Tertiary and Cretacic aged. The information belongs to an area located at latitude South 31º20' West. North of the Salto city (NW of Uruguay) 500 km away from Montevideo. A regional aquifer system can be defined where the biggest flows are originated in the basaltic fisurate d rocks of the Arapey formation. Environment features are also considered and data about the main polluting agents - both organic and inorganic ones- are provided, bearing in mind that they justify an urgent safety design to protect the aquifer system

  17. Argentina – Uruguay: Guerra mediática por las papeleras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Landau

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se intenta dilucidar qué rol cumplieron los principales diarios argentinos y uruguayos durante los meses de cobertura del conflicto por la siembra de eucaliptos para convertir la madera en celulosa. Relata la historia del conflicto entre Uruguay y Argentina donde se evidencia que frente a un mismo hecho hubo distintas miradas, la elección de las palabras fueron claves para editorializar, la jerarquización de la noticia, fue uno de los mecanismos de expresión de la opinión de los medios sobre el tema.

  18. Internacionalizacion financiera en paises emergentes: Las experiencias monetarias de México y Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Lichtensztejn

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis en curso de 2007-2014, ha tenido diversos efectos sobre las economías de América Latina, entre los cuales se encuentra la alta liquidez, la cual se ha volcado sobre las llamadas economías emergentes. Tanto México como Uruguay han sido polos de atracción de dicha liquidez, generando efectos de alto riesgo para dichas economías. La políticas públicas de ambos países han contribuido a fomentar condiciones de vulnerabilidad en lugar de prevenirla.

  19. Chemical of shales belonging to Castellanos and Migues formations (Cretaceous), Santa Lucia basin - Uruguay: Paleoenvironment considerations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peel, E.; Veloslavsky, G.; Fulfaro, J.

    1998-01-01

    In the present work there are analyzed 16 samples of shales belonging to Castellanos and Migues formations (Cretaceous), taken from cores of various boreholes of the Santa Lucia Basin (Uruguay). Chemical analysis of major elements, trace elements (B,V, Sr, Rb, Cr y Ga) and X- ray diffractometry were done to them in order to obtain a geochemical characterization. The characterization shows that their chemical composition is comparable to the world average composition of shales. Besides, the X-ray diffractometry. Based on that, it is clear to deduce that it existed a change in the environment conditions having a shift from a redactor environment which agrees with former micropaleontologic studies. (author)

  20. Uruguay: a la espera del beso del príncipe

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    Enrique Roldós

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En Uruguay, la concentración de los medios llega a una situación extrema: la televisión abierta es dueña también del cable, como antes lo era de ls radios de mayor audiencia. El poder del oligopolio condiciona ahora al estrato político que favoreció su crecimiento; desde su posición de fuerza la televisión uruguaya "pone en su lugar al gobierno". Sin embargo, para algunos, este podría ser su último éxito

  1. Mining and geologic characterization of calcareous resources for the cement industry in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Santana, H.; Veroslavsky, G.; Sanchez, L.; Rossini, C.; Aubet, N.; Loureiro, J.; Gutierrez, L.

    2000-01-01

    The main objective of this work was the study of geological and mining potential that Uruguay has on limestone rocks rich in calcium and poor in magnesium and silica, which are considered primary requirements suitable for the manufacture of cement. The results obtained allow defining four major regions of the country that although do not include all occurrences of calcareous rocks, they do not constitute the most important areas concerning: rock quality, higher volumes and improved extraction possibilities. The areas are: Queguay, Minas, Carape and Treinta y tres

  2. La reforma del proceso laboral en Uruguay. El regreso al proceso laboral autónomo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Fernández

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The reform of the labor process in Uruguay. The return to the autonomous labor processThe reform of the Uruguayan labor process and the return to an autonomous legal regime represent a radical and fundamental change in the national legislation. The simplicity of new procedural structures governed by principles and owns norms of labor discipline give the new regime a dogmatic autonomous space lost for many years. The procedural labor reform is built on the adjectival character of its nature prioritizing the substantive law and adjusting the procedural rule to its characteristics. The principles of Labor Law (substantive and procedural are the foundation of the new regime

  3. FY04 Inspection Results for Wet Uruguay Fuel in L-Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    VORMELKER, PHILIP

    2005-09-01

    The 2004 visual inspection of four Uruguay nuclear fuel assemblies stored in L-Basin was completed. This was the third inspection of this wet stored fuel since its arrival in the summer of 1998. Visual inspection photographs of the fuel from the previous and the recent inspections were compared and no evidence of significant corrosion was found on the individual fuel plate photographs. Fuel plates that showed areas of pitting in the cladding during the original receipt inspection were also identified during the 2004 inspection. However, a few pits were found on the non-fuel aluminum clamping plates that were not visible during the original and 2001 inspections.

  4. Mecanismos de acceso de la mujer a la justicia electoral: Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Etcheverry Medina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Inicia con un repaso del proceso de creación y funciones de la Corte Electoral de Uruguay, para analizar seguidamente la problemática de género, y en particular, los aspectos que intervienen en la participación de la mujer en el sistema de decisiones, cuando se refiere a participación ciudadana tanto a nivel del Estado, como en el seno de los Partidos, y en las Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil: Sindicatos, Movimientos y Organizaciones Sociales

  5. Cooperativism, self-help and self-government: The Uruguay alternative of council tenancy

    OpenAIRE

    Aristondo Martín, Graciela Laura

    2003-01-01

    Desde su surgimiento en la segunda mitad de los años 60, las cooperativas de vivienda por ayuda mutua del Uruguay han demostrado ser una experiencia de gran impacto en la producción social del hábitat popular urbano. El grado de organización alcanzado durante la etapa de ayuda mutua se extiende a la etapa posterior de la construcción de las viviendas, a través del desarrollo de una red nacional de servicios sociales autogestionados por los usuarios en las áreas de la salud, alimentación, educ...

  6. The paleorelief baseboard study by electrical soundings in the anomaly of Magnolia - Tacuarembo - Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perrin, J.; Bernard, J.

    1982-08-01

    This work is about the paleorelief baseboard study by electrical soundings in the anomaly of Magnolia - Tacuarembo - Uruguay. But not all electrical soundings allowed a good prevision of coating thickness.The difficulties found in the determination of the depth of the electrical resistant baseboard are explained by discontinuities levels and lateral variations in resistivities. Moreover, the re modeling of the results according to the data of drilling led to a relatively coherent interpretation that provides a basis for all future intervention in the same type of formation

  7. Tariffs, investments and financing of the electric power sector in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iglesias, M.I.

    1991-05-01

    An approach to the study of electricity prices in Uruguay, emphasizing the relation linking prices, investment funds and loan requirements for the electric utility is presented. The main part of the work is a survey of the evolution of electricity prices, amounts of investment, an external debt of the Uruguayan electric power sector from 1973 to 1988. There is also a prospective analysis, to determine whether the current electricity price level would be able to ensure the electric system expansion, if current trends are maintained. (author)

  8. Definition of a proper institutional and legal framweork to promote energy efficiency in Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanco, Alfonso; Juarez, Maria

    2010-09-15

    There is no lower cost energy source than the avoided energy from unnecessary consumption either more expensive energy than scarce energy resources in a growing economy. Under this concept energy efficiency has been established as one of the main pillars of energy policy in Uruguay since 2005. A recently approved Law provides 4-axis of action to promote energy efficiency: building of institutional structure and long-term framework necessary for nationwide development, ensuring consumers access to adequate information, facilitating the access to finance and economic resources to encourage energy efficiency projects and, removing tax and administrative barriers to energy efficiency.

  9. El acceso a la información pública y los archivos en Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Lourdes Ramos; Alejandra Villar

    2013-01-01

    El artículo analiza la situación actual de los archivos en Uruguay en relación a las leyes de Acceso a la Información Pública y de Sistema Nacional de Archivos, normativas que surge cuando el Estado uruguayo inicia una fase de reordenación de su gestión promoviendo cambios que fomentan la democratización y la eficiencia, a la vez que anulan la opacidad y extrema reserva en su administración. Se analiza cómo los profesionales archivólogos estuvieron estrechamente involucrados en el proceso de ...

  10. [Fiscal policy, affordability and cross effects in the demand for tobacco products: the case of Uruguay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbajales, Alejandro Ramos; Curti, Dardo

    2010-01-01

    Uruguay, a country with a solid tobacco control policy since 2005 shows, contrary to expectations, an insignificant decrease in total tobacco products' sales in the last five years. The hypothesis is that on one side, changes in household income and the income elasticity of the demand for cigarettes were important countervailing factors in the demand of both products. The period 2005-2009 shows a large increase of 36% in household real income in Uruguay due to fast economic recovery after the 2002 crisis. The second factor is the interchangeability of roll your own and cigarettes and the impact on the demand of each product as a reaction to tax and price changes. The tax and price of roll your own tobacco remains substantially lower than that of cigarettes. This fact, and the increased substitution of roll your own for cigarettes seems to be the main reasons for the low impact of the policy of tobacco tax and price increases. This paper then consists of a revision of a 2004 study to estimate separate demands for both main tobacco products and obtain estimates for own price, cross price and income elasticities. Then, a simulation study was performed using the elasticities found and two scenarios of increases in household income: moderate (2.5% per year) and high (5% per year) confirming that countries where income is growing fast and with a potential for substitution towards cheaper products require substantial cigarette tax and price increases for a fiscal tobacco control policy to become effective.

  11. [Seroprevalence of antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi in 13 departments of Uruguay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvatella, R; Calegari, L; Casserone, S; Civila, E; Carbajal, S; Pérez, G; Somma, R; Sampaio, I; Llanes, M E; Conti, M

    1989-08-01

    In 1985 a study was undertaken of the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in 13 departments of Uruguay where transmission of the parasite by the vector Triatoma infestans persists. A total of 5,924 serum samples were selected using a probabilistic method--3,840 from individuals over the age of 12 (sample I) and 2,084 from subjects who were 12 years old (sample II). The population was classified according to place of residence (capital city, non-capital city, suburban area, and rural area). The percentage of positive sera detected by indirect immunofluorescence in the different departments ranged from 1 to 11%, and overall seroprevalence for the area was 3.4%. Based on the results obtained, it was possible to distinguish three areas: A, with seroprevalence from 6 to 11%; B, 2 to 3.2%, and C, 1 to 1.4%. In sample II from the Departments of Paysandú, Soriano, Flores, Florida, and Durazno, no cases of Chagas' disease were detected, which suggests that there is no active transmission of T. cruzi in this age group in the area studied. The number of persons estimated to have the disease was 36,952, or 1.3% of the total population of Uruguay and 4% of the population in the area surveyed. These seroprevalence figures are similar to those recorded in the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, and in the neighboring municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

  12. La imprescriptibilidad de los crímenes contra la humanidad en Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Sánchez Patrón

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La ratificación del Convenio sobre la imprescriptibilidad de los crímenes de guerra y de los crímenes de lesa humanidad por parte de Uruguay, constituye un primer paso dirigido a limitar la impunidad de los partícipes en la comisión de estas infracciones internacionales. Para la consecución de esta misma finalidad, el Estado Uruguayo ha dado un segundo paso, consistente en la ratificación del Estatuto de la Corte Penal Internacional, lo que ha llevado a efecto casi un año después del anterior. Ambas decisiones demuestran la intención de Uruguay de comprometerse Internacionalmente con el fin de evitar la impunidad de los responsables de la comisión de determinadas figuras delictivas, especialmente los crímenes de guerra y los crímenes contra la humanidad, ya que en tomo a estas dos infracciones internacionales gravitan los convenios internacionales a los que nos acabamos de referir.Contenido: imprescriptibilidad de los crímenes contra la humanidad en el pasado. Imprescriptibilidad de los crímenes contra la humanidad en el presente. Imprescriptibilidad de los crímenes contra la humanidad en el futuro. Conclusiones

  13. Spawning of migratory fish species between two reservoirs of the upper Uruguay River, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David A. Reynalte-Tataje

    Full Text Available This study investigated the migratory fish spawning within the reservoirs of the Machadinho and Itá dams (upper Uruguay River, Brazil and its relationship to environmental variables. Sampling was conducted in the lotic region of the river in two sites between the dams' reservoirs: Uruguay (main river and Ligeiro (tributary. Sampling included nine consecutive reproductive periods (RP spanning the period from 2001 to 2010 and was conducted at night on the water surface using cylindrical-conical plankton nets (0.5 mm mesh; environmental variables were also recorded. The spawning of the migratory species Salminus brasiliensis, Prochilodus lineatus, and Steindachneridion scriptum was registered: S. brasiliensis and P. lineatus spawned in the tributary river at the end of spring/beginning of summer, during flooding and during periods of high water temperature. Steindachneridion scriptum spawned in the main river at the beginning of spring. The study showed that S. brasiliensis, P. lineatus, and S. scriptum are able to spawn in small lotic river stretches within two reservoirs, but only under very specific and not common environmental conditions.

  14. Breast cancer risk and genetic ancestry: a case-control study in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonilla, Carolina; Bertoni, Bernardo; Hidalgo, Pedro C; Artagaveytia, Nora; Ackermann, Elizabeth; Barreto, Isabel; Cancela, Paula; Cappetta, Mónica; Egaña, Ana; Figueiro, Gonzalo; Heinzen, Silvina; Hooker, Stanley; Román, Estela; Sans, Mónica; Kittles, Rick A

    2015-01-01

    Uruguay exhibits one of the highest rates of breast cancer in Latin America, similar to those of developed nations, the reasons for which are not completely understood. In this study we investigated the effect that ancestral background has on breast cancer susceptibility among Uruguayan women. We carried out a case-control study of 328 (164 cases, 164 controls) women enrolled in public hospitals and private clinics across the country. We estimated ancestral proportions using a panel of nuclear and mitochondrial ancestry informative markers (AIMs) and tested their association with breast cancer risk. Nuclear individual ancestry in cases was (mean ± SD) 9.8 ± 7.6% African, 13.2 ± 10.2% Native American and 77.1 ± 13.1% European, and in controls 9.1 ± 7.5% African, 14.7 ± 11.2% Native American and 76.2 ± 14.2% European. There was no evidence of a difference in nuclear or mitochondrial ancestry between cases and controls. However, European mitochondrial haplogroup H was associated with breast cancer (OR = 2.0; 95% CI 1.1, 3.5). We have not found evidence that overall genetic ancestry differs between breast cancer patients and controls in Uruguay but we detected an association of the disease with a European mitochondrial lineage, which warrants further investigation.

  15. Economic impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constenla, Dagna O

    2008-08-01

    To evaluate the economic impact of vaccination with the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. A decision analytic model was constructed to compare pneumococcal vaccination of children 0-5 years old with no vaccination in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. Costs and health outcomes were analyzed from the societal perspective. Vaccine, demographic, epidemiologic, and cost data were incorporated into this economic analysis. At the rate of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine coverage and a vaccine price of US$ 53 per dose, PCV7 was projected to prevent 23 474 deaths per year in children under 5 years old in the three countries studied, thus averting 884,841 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) yearly. To vaccinate the entire birth cohort of the three countries, total vaccine costs would be US$ 613.9 million. At US$ 53 per dose, the cost per DALY averted from a societal perspective would range from US$ 664 (Brazil) to US$ 2019 (Chile). At a cost of US$ 10 per dose, vaccine cost is lower than the overall cost of illness averted (US$ 125,050,497 versus US$ 153,965,333), making it cost effective and cost-saving. The results of this study demonstrate that the incorporation of PCV7 vaccine at US$ 53 per dose confers health benefits at extra costs. It is unclear whether vaccinatfon at the current price is affordable to these countries.

  16. Development and Climate Change in Uruguay. Focus on Coastal Zones, Agriculture and Forestry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agrawala, S.; Moehner, A.; Gagnon-Lebrun, F.; Van Aalst, M.; Smith, J.; Hagenstad, M.; Baethgen, W.E.; Martino, D.L.; Lorenzo, E.

    2004-01-01

    This document is an output from the OECD Development and Climate Change project, an activity jointly overseen by the EPOC Working Party on Global and Structural Policies (WPGSP), and the DAC Network on Environment and Development Co-operation (ENVIRONET). The overall objective of the project is to provide guidance on how to mainstream responses to climate change within economic development planning and assistance policies, with natural resource management as an overarching theme. This report presents the integrated case study for Tanzania carried out under an OECD project on Development and Climate Change. This report presents the integrated case study for Uruguay carried out under an OECD project on Development and Climate Change. The report is structured around a three-tiered framework. First, recent climate trends and climate change scenarios for Uruguay are assessed and key sectoral impacts are identified and ranked along multiple indicators to establish priorities for adaptation. Second, donor portfolios are analyzed to examine the proportion of development assistance activities affected by climate risks. A desk analysis of donor strategies and project documents as well as national plans is conducted to assess the degree of attention to climate change concerns in development planning and assistance. Third, an in-depth analysis is conducted for adaptation in coastal zones as well as for mainstreaming carbonsequestration within the agriculture and forestry sectors

  17. [Rejecting or prioritizing life? The ambiguities of AIDS biopolitics in Uruguay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reihling, Hanspeter

    2010-06-01

    The biopolitics of aids in Uruguay could be seen between two big poles: the investment and the rejection of life. The productive mode can be expressed in the treatment of children who contracted HIV through mother to child transmission. For these children the infection in many cases becomes an asset until they reach adolescence. Except of some efforts of forced detention and mandatory testing, the public health system as well as NGOs show little interest in assisting adolescence infected or affected by HIV/aids. This is the result of a moral economy which marks people who are able to transmit the virus sexually or who have contracted it through sexual intercourse. Especially HIV positive mothers are seen as irresponsible and dangerous in contraposition to their "pure" offspring. However, this moral discourse hardly takes into account the larger social and economic context in which those mothers contracted the virus and as they faced Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). The life history of an adolescent boy will be told in order to reflect upon the modes of inclusion and exclusion of people living with HIV/aids since the beginning of the epidemic in Uruguay. Although the case is not representative, it identifies dynamics within the Uruguayan health system which are difficult to discern through conventional statistical methods.

  18. Population genetic analysis and trichothecene profiling of Fusarium graminearum from wheat in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, D; Mionetto, A; Calero, N; Reynoso, M M; Torres, A; Bettucci, L

    2016-03-11

    Fusarium graminearum sensu stricto (F. graminearum s.s.) is the major causal agent of Fusarium head blight of wheat worldwide, and contaminates grains with trichothecene mycotoxins that cause serious threats to food safety and animal health. An important aspect of managing this pathogen and reducing mycotoxin contamination of wheat is knowledge regarding its population genetics. Therefore, isolates of F. graminearum s.s. from the major wheat-growing region of Uruguay were analyzed by amplified fragment length polymorphism assays, PCR genotyping, and chemical analysis of trichothecene production. Of the 102 isolates identified as having the 15-ADON genotype via PCR genotyping, all were DON producers, but only 41 strains were also 15-ADON producers, as determined by chemical analysis. The populations were genotypically diverse but genetically similar, with significant genetic exchange occurring between them. Analysis of molecular variance indicated that most of the genetic variability resulted from differences between isolates within populations. Multilocus linkage disequilibrium analysis suggested that the isolates had a panmictic population genetic structure and that there is significant recombination occurs in F. graminearum s.s. In conclusion, tour findings provide the first detailed description of the genetic structure and trichothecene production of populations of F. graminearum s.s. from Uruguay, and expands our understanding of the agroecology of F. graminearum and of the correlation between genotypes and trichothecene chemotypes.

  19. Aplicación del fideicomiso en Uruguay. Protección de derechos de acreedores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Garmendia Vázquez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The banking crisis of 2002 and the problems in the uruguayan capital market since 1998 ascribe importance to the theme of creditor´s rights protection. In adittion, the present context determines the necessity to develop diverse financial instruments to banking credit. It is in this framework that the Fideicomiso Law is approved in October 2003. Thus, the present article analizes the situation of creditor´s rights protection, an important element for an adequate utilization of Fideicomiso in Uruguay. We review the three elements that it includes: the normative precepts, the institutions that dictate and control them, and the efficiency of the Warranty´s System. The conclusion is that there are no particular problems with the precepts or with the efficiency of the Warranty´s System, a situation that is different with the institution that dictates and controls the normativity related to Fideicomiso, that is, the Central Bank of Uruguay.

  20. Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination as an Indicator of Viral Contamination in a Sedimentary Aquifer in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamazo, P; Victoria, M; Schijven, J F; Alvareda, E; Tort, L F L; Ramos, J; Burutaran, L; Olivera, M; Lizasoain, A; Sapriza, G; Castells, M; Colina, R

    2018-03-21

    In Uruguay, groundwater is frequently used for agricultural activities, as well as for human consumption in urban and rural areas. As in many countries worldwide, drinking water microbiological quality is evaluated only according to bacteriological standards and virological analyses are not mentioned in the legislation. In this work, the incidence of human viral (Rotavirus A, Norovirus GII, and human Adenovirus) and bacterial (total and thermotolerant coliform and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) contamination in groundwater in the Salto district, Uruguay, as well as the possible correlation between these groups of microorganisms, was studied. From a total of 134 groundwater samples, 42 (32.1%) were positive for Rotavirus, only 1 (0.7%) for both Rotavirus and Adenovirus, and 96 (72.6%) samples were positive for bacterial indicators. Results also show that Rotavirus presence was not associated with changes in chemical composition of the aquifer water. Bacteriological indicators were not adequate to predict the presence of viruses in individual groundwater samples (well scale), but a deeper spatial-temporal analysis showed that they are promising candidates to assess the viral contamination degree at aquifer scale, since from the number of wells with bacterial contamination the number of wells with viral contamination could be estimated.

  1. Fusarium and Aspergillus mycotoxins contaminating wheat silage for dairy cattle feeding in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina del Palacio

    Full Text Available Abstract Wheat is one of the most important cultivated cereals in Uruguay for human consumption; however, when harvest yields are low, wheat is usually used in ensiling for animal feeding. Ensiling is a forage preservation method that allows for storage during extended periods of time while maintaining nutritional values comparable to fresh pastures. Silage is vulnerable to contamination by spoilage molds and mycotoxins because ensilage materials are excellent substrates for fungal growth. The aim of the study was to identify the mycobiota composition and occurrence of aflatoxins and DON from wheat silage. A total of 220 samples of wheat were collected from four farms in the southwest region of Uruguay were silage practices are developed. The main fungi isolated were Fusarium (43% and Aspergillus (36%, with Fusarium graminearum sensu lato and Aspergillus section Flavi being the most prevalent species. Aflatoxin concentrations in silo bags ranged from 6.1 to 23.3 µg/kg, whereas DON levels ranged between 3000 µg/kg and 12,400 µg/kg. When evaluating aflatoxigenic capacity, 27.5% of Aspergillus section Flavi strains produced AFB1, 5% AFB2, 10% AFG1 and 17.5% AFG2. All isolates of F. graminearum sensu lato produced DON and 15-AcDON. The results from this study contribute to the knowledge of mycobiota and mycotoxins present in wheat silage.

  2. Influence of sociodemographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Máximo; Ferre, Zuleika; Curutchet, María Rosa; Giménez, Ana; Ares, Gastón

    2017-03-01

    To determine the factor structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) and to study the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions in Montevideo, Uruguay. Cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of urban households. Household food insecurity was measured using the ELCSA. The percentage of respondents who gave affirmative responses for each of the items of the ELCSA was determined. Exploratory factor analysis was carried out to determine the ELCSA's factor structure. A probit model was used to determine the impact of some individual and household sociodemographic characteristics on the identified dimensions of food insecurity. Metropolitan area centred on Montevideo, the capital city of Uruguay, April-September 2014. Adults aged between 18 and 93 years (n 742). The percentage of affirmative responses to the items of the ELCSA ranged from 4·4 to 31·7 %. Two factors were identified in the exploratory factor analysis performed on data from households without children under 18 years old, whereas three factors were identified for households with children. The identified factors were associated with different severity levels of food insecurity. Likelihood of experiencing different levels of food insecurity was affected by individual characteristics of the respondent as well as characteristics of the household. The influence of sociodemographic variables varied among the ELCSA dimensions. Household income had the largest influence on all dimensions, which indicates a strong relationship between income and food insecurity.

  3. Report on Evaluation of Tender for the Valentine Iron Ore Project in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    This report prepared by Dastur Engineering International GmbH (DEI)Consulting Engineers, Dusseldorf at the instance of United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) seeks to present an evaluation of the feasibility study presented by Republica Oriental del Uruguay, Ministerio de Industria y- Energia (Project Authority) by the Brazilian Consortium (comprising Tenenga, Coferraz, Cimetal and Interbras) along with a project BID including financing possibilities. In accordance with the contract requirements, this Draft Final Report is being submitted. Based on the comments to be received on the findings incorporated in this Draft Final Report from UNIDO and Project Authorities in Uruguay, the Final Report will be prepared and submitted to UNIDO in accordance with the time schedule stipulated in the contract between UNIDO and DEI. The aims of the Project are:a) The development objective is the utilisation of the country's natural resources by exploiting the iron ore deposits of Valentines, for iron and steel production. b)The immediate objective is to evaluate the tenders for the execution of a project to undertake the industrial exploitation of the iron or deposits in close co-operation and co-ordination with the Uruguayan authorities.

  4. Non-alcoholic beverages and risk of bladder cancer in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acosta Giselle

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bladder cancer is the fourth most frequent malignancy among Uruguayan men. A previous study from Uruguay suggested a high risk of bladder cancer associated with maté drinking. We conducted an additional case-control study in order to further explore the role of non-alcoholic beverages in bladder carcinogenesis. Methods In the time period 1996–2000, 255 incident cases with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder and 501 patients treated in the same hospitals and in the same time period were frequency matched on age, sex, and residence. Both cases and controls were face-to-face interviewed on occupation, tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and intake of maté, coffee, tea, and soft drinks. Statistical analysis was carried out by unconditional multiple logistic regression. Results Ever maté drinking was positively associated with bladder cancer (odds ratio [OR] 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2–3.9 and the risk increased for increasing duration and amount of maté drinking. Both coffee and tea were strongly associated with bladder cancer risk (OR for coffee drinking 1.6, 95% CI 1.2–2.3; OR for tea drinking 2.3, 95% CI 1.5–3.4. These results were confirmed in a separate analysis of never-smokers. Conclusion Our results suggest that drinking of maté, coffee and tea may be risk factors for bladder carcinoma in Uruguay.

  5. Statute of Limitations in Uruguay and the ethical-political essence of the left

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    Ana Buriano

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares parties and citizen behavior in the referendum and plebiscite of 1989 and 2009 in Uruguay, concerning the derogation or repeal of articles of the amnesty law, as well as the unfinished epilogue of this process. This will allow us to observe a change in the axis-force that drives citizens' initiatives in the matter. While in 1989 the Frente Amplio (FA assumed and promoted the derogatory referendum, in 2009 the social organizations won the centrality of the scene. In that last year the negative position and subsequent support for the plebiscite campaign by the partisan left. Its virtual absence from the coalition generates doubts about the management of the demands concerning human rights and the ethical-doctrinal nature of the partisan left. Although in 2010 the FA tried to resume leadership, it was weakened by an internal dispute that resulted in contempt towards the legislative debate to neutralize the effects of the act. The civic, identity and perhaps political configuration of the XXI century Uruguay will depend on the resolution of this gap.

  6. A Study of public policies for the management of the intangible cultural heritage in Uruguay.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Anon

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to perform a review of the evolution of the intangible cultural heritage, to understand the difficulties and limitations that this heritage faces in the present. In a first moment, will present in the role that the State has maintained with this intangible heritage when even the category did not exist as such and the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage of UNESCO (2003 had not been ratified by Uruguay. Counting with this background will be analyzed the current regulations and decrees governing the field of intangible heritage to understand how different intangible expressions are conceived and managed. Since 2009, Uruguay has two elements declared by UNESCO as Intangible Heritage, the Tango and the Candombe. The second manifestation will be the conducting wire through which will be seen how over the years the expression was worked by the State. Through interviews with authorities from different institutions of intangible heritage and a thorough study of academic texts, the article seeks to understand the framework and the dispute between the Candombe and his interests and the State structure and their possibilities to manage and safeguard this heritage.

  7. Vacunación contra Haemophilus influenzae tipo b en el Uruguay: experiencia e impacto

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    Gloria Ruocco

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Between 1979 and 1994, epidemiological surveillance of meningitides in Uruguay showed a progressive increase in suppurative meningitides due mainly to Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib. The cases were concentrated in children under 5; however, among the cases caused by Hib, 70% affected children from 1 to 11 months old. Facing this situation, the Ministry of Public Health resolved, as of August 1994, to include the Hib vaccine in the country's Expanded Program on Immunization, which has been in place since 1982. The Hib vaccination is done without charge and is obligatory for all children under 5 years of age. It is done using the following series of vaccinations: a three doses, given at 2, 4, and 6 months, with a booster dose at age 1; b children from 7 to 11 months old receive two doses two months apart and a booster dose a year later; and c a single dose for children 12 months to 4 years old. Between August and December 1994 a coverage rate of 76.6% was reached among children between 2 months and 4 years old, and the coverage has remained above 80% in the new cohorts. In Uruguay, this vaccination strategy had a spectacular impact on morbidity and mortality due to meningitides caused by Hib. One of the results was that the incidence of 15.6 per 100000 registered in children under 5 in the prevaccination years declined to 0.03 per 100000 in 1996.

  8. The Tale of Two Civil Societies: Comparing disability rights movements in Nicaragua and Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Meyers

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The UNCRPD is unique amongst international rights instruments because it empowers civil society organizations to represent the rights-bearers themselves—persons with disabilities. As such, DPOs in the Global South have become a major concern for UN agencies and international NGOs who believe that grassroots disability associations need political advocacy training in order to take up their role as rights advocates. These expectations contain implicit assumptions regarding civil society-state relations and the existence of governmental capacity. The authors, however, hypothesize that not all civil societies will fit the rights advocacy model due to the political culture and public resources available within their respective, local communities. Disability movements in Nicaragua and Uruguay are compared and contrasted. In Nicaragua, a disability rights coalition dismisses many international expectations in favor for continuing to follow traditional civil society expectations to provide services. In Uruguay, a long history of high levels of social spending and disability organizing enabled DPOs to successfully advocate for progressive laws. The deaf community, however, decided to implement their own, separate advocacy strategies to ensure a fairer distribution of public resources. The authors conclude that rather than top-down civil society training, the international movement should allow local organizations set their own priorities.

  9. DNA multigene characterization of Fasciola hepatica and Lymnaea neotropica and its fascioliasis transmission capacity in Uruguay, with historical correlation, human report review and infection risk analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bargues, María Dolores; Gayo, Valeria; Sanchis, Jaime; Artigas, Patricio; Khoubbane, Messaoud; Birriel, Soledad; Mas-Coma, Santiago

    2017-02-01

    Fascioliasis is a pathogenic disease transmitted by lymnaeid snails and recently emerging in humans, in part due to effects of climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, import/export and movements of livestock. South America is the continent presenting more human fascioliasis hyperendemic areas and the highest prevalences and intensities known. These scenarios appear mainly linked to altitude areas in Andean countries, whereas lowland areas of non-Andean countries, such as Uruguay, only show sporadic human cases or outbreaks. A study including DNA marker sequencing of fasciolids and lymnaeids, an experimental study of the life cycle in Uruguay, and a review of human fascioliasis in Uruguay, are performed. The characterization of Fasciola hepatica from cattle and horses of Uruguay included the complete sequences of the ribosomal DNA ITS-2 and ITS-1 and mitochondrial DNA cox1 and nad1. ITS-2, ITS-1, partial cox1 and rDNA 16S gene of mtDNA were used for lymnaeids. Results indicated that vectors belong to Lymnaea neotropica instead of to Lymnaea viator, as always reported from Uruguay. The life cycle and transmission features of F. hepatica by L. neotropica of Uruguay were studied under standardized experimental conditions to enable a comparison with the transmission capacity of F. hepatica by Galba truncatula at very high altitude in Bolivia. On this baseline, we reviewed the 95 human fascioliasis cases reported in Uruguay and analyzed the risk of human infection in front of future climate change estimations. The correlation of fasciolid and lymnaeid haplotypes with historical data on the introduction and spread of livestock into Uruguay allowed to understand the molecular diversity detected. Although Uruguayan L. neotropica is a highly efficient vector, its transmission capacity is markedly lower than that of Bolivian G. truncatula. This allows to understand the transmission and epidemiological differences between Andean highlands and non

  10. A method for exploring sustainable development options at farm scale: a case study for vegetable farms in South Uruguay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dogliotti Moro, S.; Ittersum, van M.K.; Rossing, W.A.H.

    2005-01-01

    The methodology presented in this paper aims at analysing whether there is room for improvement of vegetable farmers¿ income in Canelón Grande (Uruguay), while reducing soil erosion and improving physical and biological soil fertility, and to gain insight in the influence of farmers¿ resource

  11. Exploring options for sustainable farming systems development for vegetable family farmers in Uruguay using a modeling toolkit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Casagrande, M.; Dogliotti, S.; Groot, J.C.J.; Aguerre, V.; Abbas, A.; Albin, A.; Claassen, G.D.H.; Chilibroste, P.; Rossing, W.A.H.

    2010-01-01

    Economic and environmental sustainability of family-based vegetable production systems in south Uruguay are seriously compromised after two decades of net decreasing prices and strategies based on specialization and intensification. This paper presents a model-based exploration of alternative

  12. "Let the "Orientales" Be as Enlightened as They Are Brave": The Digital Divide in the Context of Uruguay's Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capurro, Rafael; Rodríguez Fleitas, Maximiliano

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we present two recent information literacy and access initiatives in Uruguay and their necessary historical antecedents, and analyze them from a phenomenological perspective to provide commentary on current philosophical discussions about information and the digital divide. To provide historical context we present a brief history of…

  13. Computer analysis to the geochemical interpretation of soil and stream sediment data in an area of Southern Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spangenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    In southern Uruguay there are several known occurrences of base metal sulphide mineralization within an area of Precambrian volcanic sedimentary rocks. Regional geochemical stream sediment reconnaissance surveys revealed new polymetallic anomalies in the same stratigraphic zone. Geochemical interpretation of multi-element data from a soil and stream sediment survey carried out in one of these anomalous areas is presented.

  14. Sustainability of meat production beyond carbon footprint: a synthesis of case studies from grazing systems in Uruguay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Picasso, V.D.; Modernel Hristoff, P.D.; Becona, G.; Salvo, L.; Gutierrez, L.; Astigarraga, L.

    2014-01-01

    Livestock production has been challenged as a large contributor to climate change, and carbon footprint has become a widely used measure of cattle environmental impact. This analysis of fifteen beef grazing systems in Uruguay quantifies the range of variation of carbon footprint, and the trade-offs

  15. Developing a System of Protection for Young Children in Uruguay: Understanding the Link between the Home Environment and Child Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez Boo, Florencia; Cubides Mateus, Mayaris; Sorio, Rita; Garibotto, Giorgina; Berón, Christian

    2018-01-01

    Uruguay is making great progress in improving the lives of its youngest children. A national longitudinal early childhood-focused household survey has been, and will continue to be, an important tool for identifying concerns and targeting interventions. In a study of the home environment, the authors found that children from lower income…

  16. Geological map of Uruguay scale 1,100,000. Agraciada Sheet R-23, Nueva Palmira Sheet R- 24

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, L.; Eugui, W.; Cabrera, Z.; Elias, R.

    1990-01-01

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Agraciada and Nueva Palmira) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological soil characteristics of: Fray Bentos, Camacho, Raygon, Libertad and Villa Soriano formations

  17. Psicología, política y sociedad en Argentina y Uruguay : Simposio por invitación

    OpenAIRE

    Talak, Ana María

    2013-01-01

    El Simposio se propone analizar diferentes desarrollos de la psicología en dos países, Argentina y Uruguay, en relación con el orden social vigente y diferentes dimensiones políticas que se ponen en juego en forma explícita e implícita.

  18. Paleoecología y gestión del combustible en la ocupación del Auriñaciense arcaico de la cueva de El Castillo (Puente Viesgo, Cantabria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Cabrera Valdés

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis antracológico correspondiente al nivel 18 (Auriñaciense arcaico de la cueva del Castillo (Cantabria, Norte de España, ha puesto en evidencia una flora compuesta por Betu\\a, P'mus t. sylvestris y Sorbus aria. Las dataciones "C en espectrometría de masa por acelerador obtenidas sobre carbón, sitúan este nivel en el Pleniglaciar medio (37-40Ka.. Las estimaciones paleoambientales obtenidas a través de los estudios de los glaciares de las montañas cantábricas y del Pirineo occidental, nos han permitido correlacionar la Antracología y el Glaciarismo. El paisaje vegetal alrededor del habitat prehistórico estaría compuesto esencialmente por especies pioneras que tian coionizado unos sueios Ubres de hieios pero sometidos a condiciones periglaciares debido a que este iiabitat estaba próximo de ia cota aititudinal aicanzada por ios giaciares de montaña. Estos serian responsabies en parte dei desfase aititudinai y zonai de ia vegetación si io comparamos con ias condiciones actuaies. Los trayectos diarios recorridos por ios grupos liumanos a ia búsqueda de recursos económicos diversos, entre ellos la leña para encender fuego, se verían infiuídos en gran parte por estos condicionantes ambientaies.Charcoal analysis from archaeological levéis oí El Castillo (Cantabria, Northern Spain, have yielded Betula; Pinus t. sylvestris and Sorbus aria. The AMS C obtained on the same samples place these levéis on the Middie Pleniglacial (37-40Ka.. Palaeoenvironmental results obtained in glacial deposits from Cantabrian mountains and western Pyrenees let us to compare charcoal analysis and glaciation patterns. Landscape around this prehistoric settiement is formed essentially by pioneer vegetation cover along free-glace areas but under periglacial conditions. Altitudinal position of this site and ttie glaciai zones are similar. This particuiarity explain the altitudinal gap of the vegetation in tiiis área. Diary routes tallen by humans

  19. Ressenya a Ovidio Cuella Esteban i Juan B. Simó Castillo, Bulario de Benedicto XIII (1394-1423. VI. Diócesis de Tortosa. Maestrazgo de Santa María de Montesa. Testamento de Benedicto XIII, Peníscola, Associació ‘Amics del Papa Luna’, 2013, pp. 680, ISBN 978-84-616-7651-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blai Josep Server Server

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Review to Ovidio Cuella Esteban i Juan B. Simó Castillo, Bulario de Benedicto XIII (1394-1423. VI. Diócesis de Tortosa. Maestrazgo de Santa María de Montesa. Testamento de Benedicto XIII, Peníscola, Associació ‘Amics del Papa Luna’, 2013, pp. 680, ISBN 978-84-616-7651-4

  20. Modeling Electoral Coordination: Voters, Parties and Legislative Lists in Uruguay Modelando la Coordinación Electoral: Votantes, Partidos y Listas Legislativas en Uruguay

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    Ines Levin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available During each electoral period, the strategic interaction between voters and political elites determines the number of viable candidates in a district. In this paper, we implement a hierarchical seemingly unrelated regression model to explain electoral coordination at the district level in Uruguay as a function of district magnitude, previous electoral outcomes and electoral regime. Elections in this country are particularly useful to test for institutional effects on the coordination process due to the large variations in district magnitude, to the simultaneity of presidential and legislative races held under different rules, and to the reforms implemented during the period under consideration. We find that district magnitude and electoral history heuristics have substantial effects on the number of competing and voted-for parties and lists. Our modeling approach uncovers important interaction-effects between the demand and supply side of the political market that were often overlooked in previous research.En cada período electoral, votantes y élites interactúan para determinar el número de agentes políticos postulados para la elección, así como el número de agentes políticos que reciben apoyo de los votantes. En este artículo, modelamos la interacción entre votantes y élites usando un modelo jerárquico de regresiones aparentemente no relacionadas, explicando la coordinación electoral a nivel de distrito en el Uruguay en función de la magnitud del distrito, resultados de elecciones anteriores, y régimen electoral. Las elecciones en este país son particularmente útiles para el estudio de los determinantes institucionales de la coordinación electoral debido a la amplia variación en la magnitud de los diferentes distritos, a la simultaneidad de las elecciones presidenciales y legislativas reguladas por normas electorales diversas, y a las reformas que tuvieron lugar durante el período bajo consideración. Encontramos que la

  1. EFEITOS DOS POLUENTES ATMOSFÉRICOS SOBRE PLACAS DE ROCHAS CARBONÁTICAS NOS REVESTIMENTOS DE EDIFICAÇÕES EM REGIÃO LITORÂNEA DO RECIFE - PE

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    Suely Andrade da Silva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Os particulados e/ou aerossóis são poluentes para as rochas de revestimentos. Sendo uma mistura de partículas muito pequenas dispersas na atmosfera na forma de sólidos ou de líquidos, podem ser produto da nebulização de substância líquida ou sólida ou da condensação da fase gasosa (queima de combustíveis fósseis, etc. Fluxos de calor e vapor entre a atmosfera e a rocha favorecem ou impedem o depósito na superfície de gases e partículas, ingressam para o interior das rochas e facilitam migrações de sais, formação de eflorescências, microfraturas, desenvolvimento de organismos, perda de brilho e manchas. A preservação do lustro e a susceptibilidade ao intemperismo dos “mármores Bege Bahia”, dependem da composição mineralógica. A calcita é o mineral dominante: a vulnerabilidade se manifesta no domínio físico, em decorrência da baixa dureza (3 e no químico, onde a reatividade com produtos ácidos (inclusive a própria chuva resulta em perda de reflectância e dissolução. As oscilações diárias da umidade relativa, no Recife, cerca de 80%, favorecem a cristalização e dissolução dos sais, sendo condições ideais para processos de alteração nos revestimentos, como manchas destacamentos líticos, eflorescências e desagregações. Os “mármores”, principalmente os calcários sedimentares, apresentam alterabilidade precocemente e arenização, por vezes, com menos de 5 anos de aplicação, se não forem

  2. PRODUTOS DO INTEMPERISMO E AVALIAÇÃO DO NÍVEL DE DETERIORAÇÃO EM ROCHAS ORNAMENTAIS DA FORTALEZA DE SANTA CRUZ (NITERÓI, RJ

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    André Luiz Carvalho da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available DOI 10.12957/tamoios.2012.5084RESUMO A Fortaleza de Santa Cruz, magnífico exemplo da arquitetura dos tempos da chegada dos europeus ao nosso continente, começou a ser construída por volta de 1555 na entrada da Baía de Guanabara (Niterói, RJ com blocos de gnaisse facoidal local. De modo geral, rochas empregadas em construções em ambientes litorâneos e urbanos são expostas ao sal marinho, bem como, aos poluentes CO2, S e N e, em decorrência disso, os processos relacionados ao intemperismo podem causar danos consideráveis a essas construções. Na Fortaleza de Santa Cruz foram identificados diversos tipos de crostas (negra, de sal, orgânica, “flowstones” e estalactites como produtos do intemperismo. A intensidade dos processos é diferente nos três pavimentos que compõem a Fortaleza, levando a níveis distintos de deterioração dos blocos de rocha, em função da circulação, teor de umidade e de sal no ar em cada pavimento. Palavras-chaves: intemperismo; rochas ornamentais; crosta negra; dissolução.ABSTRACT The Santa Cruz Fort, a magnificent example of architecture at the time of arrival of the Europeans to our continent, began to be constructed at about 1555 at the entrance of the Guanabara Bay (Niterói, RJ with local blocks of augen gnaiss. In general, rocks employed in constructions in coastal and urban environments are exposed to sea derived salts and pollutants such as CO2, S and N and, as consequence of that, weathering related processes can cause considerable damage to these constructions. In the Santa Cruz Fort, various types of crusts (black, salt, organic, flowstones and stalactites have been identified as weathering products. The intensity of such processes is different in the Fort’s three main floors and that leads to distinct deteriorations levels of the blocks of rock in each floor, a function of air circulation, humidity and salt content.Keywords: Weathering; building stones; black crust; dissolution. 

  3. Durabilidade de peças cerâmicas vermelhas com adição de rejeito de rocha ornamental isenta de granalha Durability of red ceramic samples with addition of ornamental rock waste free of steel particles

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    D. V. Rodrigues

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Para avaliação da degradação acelerada em laboratório sofrida pelos corpos de prova de cerâmica vermelha com adição de rejeito de rocha ornamental isento de granalha, foi utilizado um equipamento que lixivia com água quente e fria em tempos controlados, e também, congela a amostra em até -4 ºC. Os corpos de prova cerâmicos foram confeccionados com até 10% em massa de rejeito de rocha ornamental a seco, e em seguida, umedecidos e moldados por extrusão. Os materiais produzidos foram calcinados nas temperaturas de 700 ºC, 800 ºC e 900 ºC. Após 1060 h de degradação acelerada em equipamento de laboratório, analisaram-se as propriedades cerâmicas do material. Os resultados das resistências mecânicas foram comparados através da distribuição de Weibull, antes e depois da degradação. Nota-se que o material com adição de 10% de rejeito de rocha ornamental na massa cerâmica é mais confiável quando queimada a 900 ºC após a degradação, quando comparados com as amostras sem adição de rejeito, proporcionando maior durabilidade.For the evaluation of the accelerated degradation in laboratory of red ceramic specimens with addition of ornamental rock waste free from steel particles, an equipment that leach with hot and cool water and time control, and also freezing the specimen at -4 ºC was used,. The ceramic samples were made with up to 10 wt.% of the dry ornamental rock waste, and after humidifying and molding by extrusion. The specimens were fired at 700 ºC, 800 ºC and 900 ºC. After 1060 h of accelerated degradation lab test, ceramic properties were evaluated. The results of the strength were compared for Weibull distribution, before and after degradation. The specimens with addition of 10 wt.% waste is more durable and reliable when fired to 900 ºC after the degradation.

  4. El tratamiento audiovisual de los sucesos en la Web. Un caso de estudio sobre el tratamiento de las noticias de Marta del Castillo en Rtve.es y Telecinco.es

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    Eva Herrero Curiel

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Internet ha generado grandes cambios en el entorno periodístico, pero géneros clásicos como el suceso siguen estando presentes en las agendas de los medios, sobre todo de las televisiones que han encontrado en la Red nuevas formas de exhibir sus contenidos. En esta investigación, y a través del caso de Marta del Castillo, se ha analizado el tratamiento audiovisual que dicha noticia recibió en las webs de Rtve.es y Telecinco.es con la finalidad de encontrar diferencias, o semejanzas, en función de la naturaleza pública o privada de estos medios. Partiendo de un análisis de contenido de las piezas audiovisuales durante al semana que más cobertura mediática recibió el caso, se han medido diferentes categorías que reflejan que Rtve.es aportó una visión más informativa que Telecinco.es cuya tendencia refleja un carácter más afectivo y sensacionalista

  5. Low-Temperature Thermochronology Investigation in Uruguay and Southernmost Brazil: Apatite (U-Th)/He Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, J. P.; Bicca, M. M.

    2017-12-01

    Low-temperature thermochronology has successfully allowed one to reveal exhumation histories of many orogenic belts across the Earth, and lately these techniques have been applied in cratonic regions. The present study aims to constrain thermal history and exhumation of the South Atlantic Passive Margin, between Uruguay and Southernmost Brazil, a region scarce of thermochronological data. This location has become relatively stable after the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano Orogeny, being more intensely disturbed by tectonics during the Gondwana Breakup and consequent opening of the Atlantic Ocean (Jurassic - Cretaceous). Both apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He methods are being applied on basement rocks, and since those have a long cooling history, radiation damage is expected to play an important role in crystal ages. A total of 25 samples were analyzed, and preliminary apatite (U-Th)/He results reveals unweighted sample ages ranging from Permian to Lower-Cretaceous in Southernmost Brazil, with a couple of outliers with Devonian - Carboniferous ages. In Uruguay results can be grouped in two different clusters: one of samples with Jurassic to Lower-Cretaceous ages, and another of Devonian to Permian ages. This wide range of results can be assign to variations in the uranium content of the grains, due the presence of inclusions, compositional zonation or substantial radiation damage of the crystalline lattice. In most cases, ages tend to increase with crystal eU content. No clear relationship between ages and tectonic terranes has been found so far, neither between ages and elevation, since the region does not have significant topographic variations. Younger ages are commonly found closer to the coastal region, possibly in response to the rift shoulders uplift during Gondwana breakup and further exhumation and denudation at higher rates. An anomalous concentration of older ages in the southern region of the Pelotas Batholith, close to the Brazil - Uruguay border, suggests a

  6. Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Uruguay: results of a nationwide survey

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    Marcelo Gallarreta

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate and describe the prevalence and causes of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment in older adults living in Uruguay. METHODS: All individuals aged ≥ 50 years old living in randomly selected clusters were eligible to participate. In each census enumeration unit selected, 50 residents aged 50 years and older were chosen to participate in the study using compact segment sampling. The study participants underwent visual acuity (VA measurement and lens examination; those with presenting VA (PVA < 20/60 also underwent direct ophthalmoscopy. Moderate visual impairment (MVI was defined as PVA < 20/60-20/200, severe visual impairment (SVI was defined as PVA < 20/200-20/400, and blindness was defined as PVA < 20/400, all based on vision in the better eye with available correction. RESULTS: Out of 3 956 eligible individuals, 3 729 (94.3% were examined. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of blindness was 0.9% (95% confidence interval (CI: 0.5-1.3. Cataract (48.6% and glaucoma (14.3% were the main causes of blindness. Prevalence of SVI and MVI was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.5-1.3 and 7.9% (95% CI: 6.0-9.7 respectively. Cataract was the main cause of SVI (65.7%, followed by uncorrected refractive error (14.3%, which was the main cause of MVI (55.2%. Cataract surgical coverage was 76.8% (calculated by eye and 91.3% (calculated by individual. Of all eyes operated for cataract, 70.0% could see ≥ 20/60 and 15.3% could not see 20/200 post-surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of blindness in Uruguay is low compared to other Latin American countries, but further reduction is feasible. Due to Uruguay's high cataract surgical coverage and growing proportion of people ≥ 50 years old, the impact of posterior pole diseases as a contributing factor to blindness might increase in future.

  7. Introducción de la vacuna conjugada contra Hib en Chile y Uruguay Introducing Hib conjugate vaccine in Chile and Uruguay

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    Mauricio Landaverde

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In some countries, the invasive disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib has been practically eliminated thanks to vaccination. However, in much of the developing world, meningitides and pneumonias caused by these bacteria continue to be a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality, as well as high hospitalization costs. Because safe and effective conjugate vaccines are now available, the Special Program for Vaccines and Immunization of the Pan American Health Organization has recommended introducing them into the regular vaccination regimen of as many countries as possible. This has been done in Chile and Uruguay, where the Hib vaccine now forms part of the regular vaccination routine. When the vaccine was being introduced, both countries had difficulties they could have avoided if they had known of the experiences of other nations. Therefore, these two countries now offer the lessons they learned to other nations considering introducing the vaccine into their immunization programs. The most important lessons were to: strengthen the epidemiological surveillance system sufficiently in advance of introducing the vaccine; with th support of sicentific societies, present the technical information that justifies introducing the vaccine; seek community backing and acceptance; precisely establish in advance the presentation and dosage of the vaccine that is most appropriate for the country; and be certain to have the political and legal decisions needed to ensure the continuity of Hib vaccination in the future.

  8. Resolution S/n. It approve the eraser of the Agreement to issuance areas for hydrocarbon prospection in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay continental area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    This draft is about the hydrocarbon prospection in the continental area of the Republica Oriental del Uruguay. This work includes several studies such as: geology, geophysics, geochemistry, paleontology, radiometric measurements, hydrocarbon leak detection and topography.

  9. Utilização do planejamento experimental em rede simplex no estudo de resíduo de rocha ornamental como filler para obtenção de máxima compacidade

    OpenAIRE

    Destefani,A. Z.; Holanda,J. N. F.

    2011-01-01

    A utilização de agregados industrializados vem crescendo ao longo dos anos para atender a grande demanda da construção civil devido ao crescimento econômico do país. O objetivo deste trabalho foi utilizar o planejamento experimental em Rede Simplex para avaliar o efeito da adição do resíduo de rocha ornamental como filler na composição de misturas ternárias (brita 0, pó de pedra e resíduo), que levem a máxima compacidade (densidade seca aparente máxima). Foram tomados dezesseis pontos experim...

  10. Produção de mudas de tomateiro em substratos contendo fibra de coco e pó de rocha Tomato seedlings production using substrates with coconut fiber and rock waste

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    Regynaldo A Sampaio

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar proporções dos resíduos fibra de coco (FC e pó de rocha de granito (RG como substratos na produção de mudas de tomateiro, cultivar Kada Gigante, realizou-se um experimento em casa de vegetação na UFMG-ICA. Foi utilizado o delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por uma testemunha e seis proporções de fibra de coco (FC e pó de rocha de granito (RG: T1 - Substrato comercial Hortimix®; T2 - 0% FC + 100% RG; T3 - 20% FC + 80% RG; T4 - 40% FC + 60% RG; T5 - 60% FC + 40% RG; T6 - 80% FC + 20% RG; T7 - 100% FC + 0% RG. O cultivo foi feito em bandeja de poliestireno expandido com células de 3,5 x 3,5 x 5,0 cm. Foram avaliados o diâmetro do coleto, a altura da planta, o índice de velocidade de emergência, a percentagem de emergência e a massa fresca e seca da parte aérea e da raiz. Em praticamente todas as características avaliadas o substrato comercial foi superior aos substratos contendo fibra de coco e pó de rocha. Considerando-se apenas os substratos contendo fibra de coco e pó de rocha, as mudas com melhores características foram obtidas com a mistura de aproximadamente 70% em volume de fibra de coco.A greenhouse experiment was carried out to evaluate the ratio of coconut fiber and rock waste, in the tomato seedling production (cultivar Kada Gigante, in Montes Claros, Brazil. The experimental design was of randomized complete blocks with four replicates. The treatments were composed of a control and six ratios of coconut fiber (FC and rock waste (RG: T1 - Commercial Substrate Hortimix®; T2 - 0% FC + 100% RG; T3 - 20% FC + 80% RG; T4 - 40% FC + 60% RG; T5 - 60% FC + 40% RG; T6 - 80% FC + 20% RG; T7 - 100% FC + 0% RG. The cultivation was done in polystyrene trays with cells of 3.5 x 3.5 x 5,0 cm. Stem diameter, seedling height, emergency speed index, emergency percentage, root and aerial part of fresh and dry matter were evaluated. In

  11. Estudo da Faciologia Orgânica em Rochas Geradoras Marinhas Cretáceas do Grupo Villeta, Bacia do Valle Superior del Magdalena,Colômbia: Implicações Paleoambientais.

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    Juliana Andrade Iemini

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available As rochas pelíticas do Cretáceo superior são asgeradoras da maior parte das reservas de petróleo naColômbia. A Bacia do Valle Superior Del Magdalena(VSM, possui afloramentos de boa qualidade e comníveis de evolução térmica, que variam desde oimaturo até o fim da “janela” de geração de óleo,tornando esta região como uma das mais propíciaspara o estudo dos processos de geração e migraçãoprimária do petróleo no Cretáceo superior. O objetivoprincipal consistiu no estudo de fácies orgânicaatravés da caracterização geoquímica e análisepalinofaciológica das rochas geradoras de petróleocretáceas do VSM numa seção aflorante (QuebradaBambuca, objetivando o entendimento do controleexercido pela evolução paleoambiental sobre opotencial gerador e as variações composicionaisda matéria orgânica a partir da integração dosdados geoquímicos e palinofaciológicos. Paratanto, foram utilizadas análises organogeoquímicas(Carbono Orgânico Total - COT e Pirólise Rock-Eval, cedidas pelo Instituto Colombiano doPetróleo ICP - ECOPETROL e palinofaciológicasem amostras das Formações Tetuan Bambuca e LaLuna, Grupo Villeta, Bacia do Valle Superior delMagdalena. As rochas dessa formação apresentamum elevado conteúdo orgânico, com valores deCOT de até 23%. As lâminas organopalinológicasforam analisadas através de técnicas de palinofácies(microscopia em luz branca transmitida e luz azul/ultravioleta incidente-fluorescência realizando acontagem dos componentes orgânicos particuladosdos grupos do querogênio (fitoclasto, palinomorfoe matéria orgânica amorfa e da determinação doÍndice de Coloração de Esporos (ICE. A analisemicroscópica revelou um predomínio de matériaorgânica amorfa. Os palinomorfos são representadospor dinoflagelados e esporomorfos, sendo osdinoflagelados os mais representativos. A matériaorgânica amorfa apresenta fluorescência amarelaa laranja. O material lenhoso representa a

  12. A Natureza e a gênese das Minas do Sul nos livros de André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade,Francisco Eduardo de

    2006-01-01

    Este artigo trata do sentido cosmológico da Natureza, em voga na época das representações do barroco (séculos XVII e XVIII), quando aplicado ao contexto novo da América portuguesa com o descobrimento das Minas de ouro. Dois autores da Bahia foram significativos das primeiras visões de Natureza e da sociedade das Minas do ouro:André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita. Ambos produziram obras sobre a gênese do espaço minerador, buscando, de algum modo, integrá-lo a uma história providencial ...

  13. Contingências do imaginário na (re)criação da história da américa portuguesa, de Sebastião da Rocha Pita

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto Júnior, Manoel

    2016-01-01

    O propósito desta tese será evidenciar alguns aspectos da prática narrativa observados na obra historiográfica História da América Portuguesa, de Sebastião da Rocha Pita, uma vez que esta produção esboça a inserção deliberada de referências históricas numa expectativa documental. Entretanto, faz-se prudente refletir sobre as contingências do imaginário ficcional numa perspectiva comunicadora, entre outras tantas possibilidades de leitura. De tal forma percebida, as configurações das dimensões...

  14. A Natureza e a gênese das Minas do Sul nos livros de André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita

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    Francisco Eduardo de Andrade

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata do sentido cosmológico da Natureza, em voga na época das representações do barroco (séculos XVII e XVIII, quando aplicado ao contexto novo da América portuguesa com o descobrimento das Minas de ouro. Dois autores da Bahia foram significativos das primeiras visões de Natureza e da sociedade das Minas do ouro: André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita. Ambos produziram obras sobre a gênese do espaço minerador, buscando, de algum modo, integrá-lo a uma história providencial da colonização portuguesa. Para isso, investiram em temas e imagens que, além de condicionados por evidentes interesses políticos e econômicos dos plantadores do litoral, refletem os vínculos discursivos dos coloniais eruditos.This work deals with the cosmological sense of the Nature, which has been intensively studied at the time of baroc representations (17th and 18th centuries, applied to the Portuguese America new context of gold mines discoveries. Two authors from Bahia were very important to the early views on the Nature and on the society in gold mines: André João Antonil and Sebastião da Rocha Pita. Both have made studies about the genesis of the mining space in such a way to integrate it in an opportune history of the Portuguese colonization. To do this, they dealed mainly with subjects and images which reveal discourse links of colonial wise persons, and also which were influenced by political and economical interests of the coastal farmers.

  15. Mortalidad infantil en Uruguay: un análisis de supervivencia

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    Jewell R. Todd

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de todos los nacimientos ocurridos en el Uruguay entre 2002 y 2003 y las defunciones ocurridas en el primer año de vida, se estima la tasa de mortalidad infantil a través de modelos probit y hazard. Debido a que las muertes se concentran en los primeros días y semanas de vida, el modelo hazard es preferible al probit, encontrándose que la estimación probit sobreestima los efectos de las covariables. Los resultados muestran que las variables más importantes son la edad y la educación de la madre, los cuidados prenatales y los denominados predictores de la mortalidad (bajo peso al nacer, semanas de gestación y APGAR.

  16. Research in universities and its evaluation A comparative study among Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

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    Mabel Dávila

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper poses a comparative study among Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay on the research policies adopted in universities and their evaluation. A documentary analysis on current regulations, impact assessments and interviews to key persons enabled to reconstruct the principal aspects of the processes of research development in each country, especially in universities and their evaluation systems. The comparison identifies as a shared feature the difficulties for developing a quality evaluation process which considers the diversity of the systems found in higher education, a heterogeneous characteristic in the three countries.  However, there are differences related to the origin and consolidation of the systems of evaluation of university quality and science and technology, the policies developed in different stages and the influence of the political and economic contexts. These aspects exert a great influence in the different ways to evaluate the function of research, in the national cases as well as their inner ones. 

  17. Foods and risk of bladder cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbi, J C; Larrinaga, M T; De Stefani, E; Mendilaharsu, M; Ronco, A L; Boffetta, P; Brennan, P

    2001-10-01

    A case-control study on 144 cases of transitional cell bladder carcinoma and 576 hospitalized controls was conducted in Montevideo, Uruguay. Barbecued meat, salted meat and fried eggs were associated with significant increased risks of bladder cancer (odds ratio (OR) for high intake of salted meat 4.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.24-7.27). On the other hand, all fruits, cooked vegetables, potatoes and cheese were associated with inverse associations (OR for high consumption of potatoes 0.38, 95% CI 0.23-0.64). The associations with salted and barbecued meat suggest that the way of preserving or cooking meat play a role in bladder carcinogenesis. More precisely, N-nitroso compounds and heterocyclic amines could be involved in this process.

  18. Characterization of home gardens in northern Uruguay and methodology for its diagnosis

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    Ignacio Traversa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available An ecological, productive and social diagnosis of homegardens in Northern Uruguay is displayed in this paper, as well as methodology to achieve it, that could be used in other similar systems. The fieldwork consisted of interactive surveys to producers and field inventories for gathering information on the social, technical, productive and ecologicalaspects of green orchards. . A map of the orchards was done by using a Geographic Information System (GIS. The homegarden is organic, aligned along the minor and major roads and forms cluster cores at the interface between the urban and peri-urban areas. The prospects of the orchards are limited for socio-cultural reasons. Species biodiversity reached a total amount of 187 and an average of 23 species per orchard. Policies are needed for rescueing inherited knowledge that will keep homegardens alive.

  19. Prostitution and exploitation child sexual in Uruguay. Opinion of sex workers

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    Pablo Guerra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will present the information obtained in the project entitled "Investigation on conditions of work and opinion on trafficking in persons between population that he exercises the feminine prostitution in Uruguay " from 188 interviews to sexual workers. First we analyse the concept of child prostitution in the frame of the sexual exploitation of children and teenagers, to advance then in the result of the fieldwork. 29 % of the sample expresses to know cases of child prostitution in his areas of work, which confirms a worrying presence of this phenomenon, especially in the street prostitution.  As for the opinion, 77% of the interviewed ones have a negative opinion of the phenomenon.

  20. Uruguay mining inventory results of the Mal Abrigo aerial photography chemical prospect ion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Artignan, D.; Vairon, P.

    1982-01-01

    This report presents the results of the chemical prospecting strategic multielemental carried out, of the mining Inventory framework from the Uruguay aerial photography Mal Abrigo (sector M 25, area 82). The covered surface is of 660 km with a total of 753 samples, corresponding to an approximate sampling density of 1.14 samples for krri2; in parallel pH measures and radioactivity were made. The samples were analyzed in the laboratories of the BRGM (Orleans), for 22 elements for Spectrometry of Emission Captures. The geochemical answer in connection with the litology was good. Sixteen anomalies, little contrasted has been retained in what concerns to the elements Pb, Zn, Cu, Ace, Ag, and W; eight of those which are constituted for regrouping points. The main purpose has been to search ultramafic rocs in Cerro Chato -Durazno province.

  1. Agenda de derechos en Uruguay. Acontecimiento, biopolítica, inmunidad y fuerza de ley

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    Sebastián Aguiar Antía

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available La aprobación entre 2013 y 2014 y la posterior implementación en Uruguay de un conjunto de iniciativas novedosas (regulación de la marihuana, legalización del aborto, matrimonio igualitario y otras presenta varias aristas interesantes desde una perspectiva "biopolítica": la procedencia de estos cambios legislativos, finalmente "acontecimental", una ola de protestas; el carácter crucial y ambivalente de las relaciones de edad detrás de esta nueva agenda; la entrada en la escena de la gubernamentalidad y la regulación de la vida; los procedimientos de inmunización que mantienen nuevos límites tras la incorporación. Finalmente, se muestra la existencia de un cierto estado de excepción, donde fuerzas diferenciales disputan el ejercicio de la ley tras su aprobación legislativa.

  2. Experiencias de trabajo con varones que ejercen violencia hacia las mujeres en Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Añón, Fernando Daniel

    2016-01-01

    En Uruguay, según estadísticas del Observatorio Nacional sobre Violencia y Criminalidad, cada 10 días una mujer o niña es asesinada. En la amplia mayoría de los casos, el crimen es cometido por varones de su propio entorno doméstico o familiar. En un país donde se han ratificado las convenciones internacionales para la erradicación de la violencia contra la mujer, se propone en su legislación, la prevención, atención y rehabilitación a las víctimas, así como la represión y rehabilitación a vi...

  3. Legalizing a market for cannabis for pleasure: Colorado, Washington, Uruguay and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Room, Robin

    2014-03-01

    Colorado, Washington state and Uruguay are currently designing legal non-medical markets for cannabis. These clearly contravene the 1961 and 1988 drug conventions; options for what may happen next are discussed. The current provisions in the three regulatory schemes are summarized. From a public health perspective, the emphasis should be on holding down consumption with regulatory measures, but the public health agenda does not seem to be a strong consideration in the implementation of the US schemes, and they are paying little attention to what can be learned from the history of alcohol and tobacco regulation. While alternative paths to a cannabis market under the conventions are noted, the legalization initiatives underline the need to revise the drug conventions, making prohibition of domestic markets an optional matter. Such changes would also ease the path for including alcohol under the conventions, which would be an important step forward in global health. © 2013 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  4. Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Report of a case in Uruguay

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    Matilde Boada

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma belongs to the group of mature T-cell malignancies according to the WHO classification. It constitutes a rare entity and has a strong association with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus 1. In Uruguay, this viral infection is very infrequent and, to our knowledge, no case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma has been previously reported. We describe the case of a woman, immigrant from Peru, who presented with persistent lymphocytosis, intestinal parasitic diseases, and skin involvement. The diagnosis was delayed and the patient died before initiating oncological treatment. We therefore emphasize the relevance of an early clinical suspicion and serology for this virus, especially in patients coming from endemic countries like Peru.

  5. Genetic characterization of the Neotropical catfish Pimelodus maculatus (Pimelodidae, Siluriformes) in the Upper Uruguay River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribolli, Josiane; de Melo, Cláudio Manoel Rodrigues; Zaniboni-Filho, Evoy

    2012-01-01

    Freshwater fish present unique challenges when one attempts to understand the factors that determine the structure of their populations. Habitat fragmentation is a leading cause of population decline that threatens ecosystems worldwide. In this study, we investigated the conservation status of genetic variability in the Neotropical catfish (Pimelodus maculatus). Specifically, we examined the structure and genetic diversity of this species in a region of the Upper Uruguay River fragmented by natural barriers and dams. There was no genetic structure among the four sites analyzed, indicating the existence of only one population group. A combination of environmental management and genetic monitoring should be used to minimize the impact of impoundment on panmitic populations of migratory fish species. PMID:23271936

  6. Ecology of Triatoma rubrovaria (Hemiptera, Triatominae in wild and peridomestic environments of Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Salvatella

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes population structure, spatial distribution and habitat selection of wild and peridomestic populations of Triatoma rubrovaria (Blanchard, 1843. Field studies were carried out at Las Piedras and La Bolsa in the Northern Department of Artigas, Uruguay. A semicircular sampling area, divided in seven or eight triangular sectors was sequentially examined from October 1990 to November 1991. At Las Piedras (typical wild habitat 1063 T. rubrovaria bugs were collected from 84 of the rocky outcroops ("pedregales". Abundance varied by season peaking in October-November (spring. Throughout the year, most of the population was made up of third, fourth and fifth instar nymphs; adults were found from October to March. In the peridomestic environment of La Bolsa, however T. rubrovaria was less common and showed a more irregular instar distribution. Colonized ecotopes, were those close to houses. In both sites T. rubrovaria was mainly associated with the geckonid Homonota uruguayensis and the cockroach Blaptica dubia.

  7. Inversión Reciente en Uruguay: ¿Hacia un Desarrollo Sostenible?

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    Cecilia Durán

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende aportar una primera aproximación sectorial al impacto de la inversión promovida en Uruguay entre 2010 y 2014 sobre el patrón de innovación y el mercado de trabajo. Desde una perspectiva de desarrollo sostenible e inclusivo, se concluye que la inversión promovida no se asocia con ningún patrón de innovación de las empresas a nivel sectorial, ni con variables que hacen al mercado laboral. Se identifican resultados primarios que muestran una asociación de los sectores con mayor inversión promovida en el período, con origen del capital, tamaño de las empresas, mayor productividad y promedio salarial del sector.

  8. Catolicismo y Protestantismo en los inicios del Uruguay moderno (1876-1880

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    Sebastián Hernández Méndez

    Full Text Available Durante los años de gobierno del coronel Lorenzo Latorre (1876-1880, Uruguay vivió un intenso debate sobre la legitimidad de la religión, su función en la sociedad moderna, y el papel que hasta entonces venía desempeñando la Iglesia Católica como institución modeladora de cultura. El presente trabajo busca atender las principales notas de esa discusión que mantuvieron en particular católicos y metodistas, al tiempo que analiza las distintas respuestas ensayadas por la Iglesia Católica para enfrentar el proselitismo disidente.

  9. Violence and access to power in Latin America: Uruguay and El Salvador

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    Eduardo Rey Tristán

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the role of violence as a key strategy used by the Latin American left wing to access power since the victory of the Cuban Revolution (1959. It also looks at the spread of certain readings of this revolutionary process – political, social and of the actions themselves – that have great mobilising power and whose key element is violence. The case studies are Uruguay and El Salvador (from 1959 to 1996, which are of interest due to their differences within the revolutionary wave of Latin’s America’s “new left”, the challenging degree of their mobilisation, and their subsequent incorporation into the political system. For each, the justifications for resorting to violence are analysed, along with their interpretation and the repertoire of tactics used. It concludes with a reflection on the end of these experiences, the abandonment of violence and their achievements and limitations.

  10. MESOZOIC MAGMATISM IN EAST URUGUAY: PETROLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS RELATED TO THE SIERRA SAN MIGUEL REGION

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    Conti Bruno

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This work presents new results of a detailed geological and structural investigation focusing the easternmost Uruguayan Mesozoic magmatic occurrences related to the south Atlantic opening. Lithological descriptions, their stratigraphic relationships and complimentary lithochemical characterizations carried out in the San Miguel region (East Uruguay are presented. Three volcanic/sub-volcanic units have been recognized. The felsic volcanic association is composed by rhyolitic - dacitic flows, mainly with porphyritic textures and sub-alkalinenature and related pyroclastic rocks. The felsic sub-volcanic association is characterized by granophyres of about 25 km2 of exposed area, cross- cut by mafic and felsic dykes. Finally, a mafic association has been identified characterized by dykes and a small intrusion of gabbroic composition.All these units are Mesozoic in age (130 - 127 Ma and according to their chemical nature they correspond tosub-alkaline to weak peralkaline magmas.

  11. Initial antimicrobial activity studies of plants of the riverside forests of the southern Uruguay River

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    Ana Bertucci

    Full Text Available Development of new antimicrobial compounds against different microorganisms is becoming critically important, as infectious diseases are still one of the leading causes of death in the world. Plants can be a useful source of these lead compounds. In this study, 66 extracts of 25 plants of the riverside forest of southern Uruguay River were studied for antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria inocua, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. Fifty-three of these extracts showed some kind of antimicrobial activity. Six of these (Eugenia mansoni, Eugenia repanda, Myrcianthes cisplatensis, Paullinia ellegans, Petunia sp and Ruprechtia laxiflora presented activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis with MIC values as low as 50 μg/mL.

  12. Health professionals and abortion: transitions and disputes in Uruguay (2000-2012

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    Alejandra López Gomez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Unsafe and illegal abortion is a critical issue in most countries at Latin America and the Caribbean region. The recognition of sexual and reproductive rights as human rights that is observed in the international, regional and national levels has not been exempt from conflicts. The Uruguayan case provides important evidence in this regard. The thesis examines health professionals’ perceptions and perspectives related to their care practices with women and abortion in a legal context that considered abortion as a crime, between 2002 and 2012 in Uruguay. The results allow us to understand the complex relationship between the different levels involved in the policy process. Health professionals’ practices are an analyzer of the covenants and conflicts that are recorded in the social field.

  13. Calliobothrium spp. (Eucestoda: Tetraphyllidea: Onchobothriidae) in Mustelus schmitti (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes) from Argentina and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, Verónica A; Brooks, Daniel R

    2002-12-01

    Three species of Calliobothrium inhabit the spiral intestine of Mustelus schmitti in Argentina and Uruguay. Calliobothrium verticillatum australis is redescribed and its taxonomic status modified to species as C. australis. Calliobothrium barbarae n. sp. can be distinguished from all other species of Calliobothrium, which are small bodied, nonlaciniate, and without accessory piece between the bases of axial hook, by worm length, number of segments, cocoon morphology, and hooks shape. Calliobothrium lunae n. sp. is different from other Calliobothrium spp., which are small bodied, nonlaciniate. and have an accessory piece, by the number of segments and testes, hook shape, cocoon morphology, and the presence of ciliumlike projections on the distal surface of muscular pads. Calliobothrium australis is clearly distinguished from other large-bodied, laciniate species of the genus by worm length, number of testes, ovary shape, cocoon morphology, hook shape, and in being hyperapolytic. The oioxenous specificity involving Calliobothrium spp. and Mustelus spp. described by previous authors is confirmed in this study.

  14. Estructura agraria y trabajo en un contexto de cambios: el caso de Uruguay

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    Joaquín Cardeillac Gulla

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe los cambios de la estructura agraria y la estructura social que ocurrieron en Uruguay entre 1980 y 2011. Mediante información censal, se muestra la disminución del número absoluto de asalariados agropecuarios, que se da junto al aumento de su importancia relativa frente a otros tipos sociales vinculados al sector, particularmente en relación a los productores familiares. Por otro lado, se observan modificaciones en las zonas de residencia de estos asalariados, que comienzan a cuestionar esa fuerte restricción a la elección del lugar de residencia, tradicional entre los trabajadores rurales.

  15. The Agency's Technical Co-operation programme with Uruguay, 1982-1992. Country programme summaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    The country programme summary reported here is one in the series of such studies being undertaken of the Agency's TC programme with Member States. With over $4.2 million of Agency support received, Uruguay ranks 37th among all recipients of technical assistance in the period 1958 - 1991. More than half of the assistance during the past ten years has been provided in the form of equipment (67%), followed by expert services (19%) and training (14%). Seventy-three per cent of the resources were provided through the Technical Assistance and Co-operation Fund, while 24% were made available through extrabudgetary contributions. The remaining 3% were provided through assistance in kind, with only an insignificant contribution by UNDP. With regard to project disbursement by sector, the largest areas have been nuclear medicine (35%), agriculture (23%), general atomic energy development (17%), followed by nuclear physics and chemistry (11%) and industry and hydrology (7%)

  16. Uruguay's ambitious energy goals: Focus on biomass; Uruguayische Energie-Offensive. Ambitionierte Ziele sollen vor allem mit Biomasse erreicht werden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Dierk

    2012-07-01

    Pasture farming has a long-standing tradition in Uruguay, but it is threatened now as soy, rice, citrus fruit, sugar cane and especially forest wood are getting sought after as animal feed and power generation materials. While forests are growing, the country's energy policy is aiming at a 50 percent share of renewable energy sources in primary energy supply. This makes Uruguay a leading country in Latin America. (orig.)

  17. Diferencias salariales entre trabajadores del sector público y privado en Uruguay

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    Verónica Amarante

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan las diferencias salariales entre los trabajadores del sector público y privado en Uruguay, en el período 1986-1999. El sector público cumple un importante papel como empleador en Uruguay, y presenta diferencias significativas en diversos aspectos con el sector privado, tanto en relación con factores institucionales como en lo que respecta a las características personales de los trabajadores. Estas diferencias señalan la necesidad de que las comparaciones entre las remuneraciones de ambos sectores se realicen tomando en cuenta estos factores. Para ello, se utilizan dos metodologías para estimar las diferencias salariales. Por un lado se estima una ecuación salarial para trabajadores públicos y privados, incluyendo en la regresión una dummy para distinguirlos. También se descompone la brecha salarial entre ambos sectores utilizando la metodología propuesta por Oaxaca (1973. Al controlar por las características personales asociadas a la productividad, el diferencial a favor del sector público persiste. Cuando se descompone la brecha salarial, se encuentra que las características personales explican la mayor parte de este diferencial. Dentro de las diferencias a los retornos, el término constante, que refleja la existencia de una prima pura en algún sector, explica una parte importante de la brecha a favor del sector público, ya que los retornos son favorables al sector privado.

  18. Dental anomalies in Didelphis albiventris (Mammalia, Marsupialia, Didelphidae from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

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    M. Amelia Chemisquy

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Dental anomalies have been investigated and reported for most orders of mammals, including marsupials. Previous works in Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1840 only described one kind of malformation or just a few observations from some collections, thus the type and presence of anomalies for this species was underestimated. The aim of this contribution is to describe and analyze several dental anomalies found in specimens of Didelphis albiventris from Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. Dental anomalies were classified in three categories: supernumerary or missing teeth, morphological anomalies in size and shape, and teeth in unusual positions. We found 32 individuals of D. albiventris with anomalies out of 393 analyzed specimens (8.14%, some specimens with more than one anomaly. A similar proportion of specimens from Argentina and Uruguay presented anomalies, while in specimens from Brazil anomalies were less common. Anomalies were more commonly found in the upper toothrow and in molars, being supernumerary teeth and molars with unusual crown-shape the most common ones. The percentage of specimens with anomalies found for D. albiventris is higher than previously reported for the species, and other Didelphimorphia. Inbreeding and limited gene flow do not appear as possible explanations for the elevated percentage of anomalies, especially due to the ecological characteristics of Didelphis albiventris. Developmental instability and fluctuating asymmetry could be some of the causes for the anomalies found in this species, mostly since the habitat used by D. albiventris tends to be unstable and disturbed. Dental anomalies were mostly found in areas of the toothrow where occlusion is relaxed or does not prevent teeth from interlocking during mastication, and consequently have no functional value.

  19. Memoria del terrorismo de estado en la ciudad de Montevideo (Uruguay

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    Magdalena BROQUETAS SAN MARTÍN

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Recientemente, en los países del Cono Sur de América Latina que han atravesado experiencias de terrorismo de Estado, ha comenzado a desarrollarse la discusión en torno a las marcas territoriales y los espacios físicos que aluden a ese pasado. En este contexto comenzó a pensarse la ciudad como escenario de las acciones del terrorismo de Estado, con el objetivo de reconocer en ella las huellas de esa experiencia y partiendo de la base de que esos rastros pueden transformarse en «vehículos de memoria». En esta ponencia, centrada en la ciudad de Montevideo (Uruguay, se repasarán las iniciativas de memoria desplegadas por agentes estatales y colectivos sociales para representar ese pasado de represión y violencia política y se reflexionará acerca del rol del historiador en esta contienda.ABSTRACT: Recently, in those countries of Southern America which have suffered experiences of the State terrorism, the discussion has begun to be developed concerning the territorial marks and the physical spaces that allude to this past. About this context the city begun to be thought as stage of the actions of the State terrorism, with the target to recognize on it the traces of this experience and departing from the base of which these tracks can be understood as «vehículos de la memoria» (places to recall past history. In this paper, focused on the city of Montevideo (Uruguay, there will be revised the initiatives of memory carried by state agents and social groups to represent this past of repression and political violence; the role of the historian in this process will be evalued at the same time.

  20. Foraging strategies of Southern sea lion females in the La Plata River Estuary (Argentina-Uruguay)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Diego H.; Dassis, Mariela; Ponce de León, Alberto; Barreiro, César; Farenga, Marcelo; Bastida, Ricardo O.; Davis, Randall W.

    2013-04-01

    The stocks of Southern sea lions (Otaria flavescens, SSL) and South American fur seals (SAFS) that breed on coastal islands of Uruguay constitute the most important focal concentration of pinnipeds in South America, with a significant increase in SAFS and a steady decrease of SSL over the past decades. Because females are a key element of population dynamics and no information exists on the post-breeding pup rearing period, we studied the foraging patterns of SSL females in the La Plata River Estuary (LPRE) during mid and late lactation (late austral autumn and winter), analyzing the foraging performance, geographic coverage and ontogenetic differences in foraging strategies for a period of 1-5 months. At-sea movements of 22 SSL females (6 subadults and 16 adults) from Isla de Lobos (IL, 35°01'28"S-54°52'59"W, Uruguay) were monitored using satellite transmitters (SPOT4, SPOT5 and STDR-S16, Wildlife Computers) in 2007 and 2010. An algorithm [McConnell, B.J., Chambers, C., Fedak, M.A., 1992. Foraging ecology of southern elephant seals in relation to the bathymetry and productivity of the Southern Ocean. Antarct. Sci. 4, 393-398.] with a maximum transit speed of 3 m s-1 was applied to the Argos information, resulting in a total of 2522 filtered locations. A daily mean of 3.5±1.74 filtered locations per animal was received. One hundred and eighty three foraging trips (FT) were recorded with no significant differences (pconservation in LPRE have been identified and proposed, only 15% of the foraging habitat of SSL females is currently included in these areas. This emphasizes the importance of the inclusion of the at-sea foraging distributions of central point foragers in marine protected areas. If conservation efforts focus only on coastal breeding concentrations, key elements of the life cycle are excluded with potential unpredictable effects.

  1. Zoonotic Potential and Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli in Neonatal Calves in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umpiérrez, Ana; Bado, Inés; Oliver, Martín; Acquistapace, Sofía; Etcheverría, Analía; Padola, Nora Lía; Vignoli, Rafael; Zunino, Pablo

    2017-09-27

    Escherichia coli is one of the main etiological agents of neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD). The objective of this study was to assess the presence of virulence genes, genetic diversity, and antibiotic resistance mechanisms in E. coli associated with NCD in Uruguay. PCR was used to assess the presence of intimin, Shiga-like toxin, and stable and labile enterotoxin genes. Resistance to fluoroquinolones and oxyimino-cephalosporins was estimated on Müller-Hinton agar plates. Further antibiotic disc-diffusion tests were performed to assess bacterial multi-resistance. The presence of PMQR, ESBL, MCR-1, and integron genes was evaluated. Isolates were typed using ERIC-PCR, and 20 were selected for MLST, adhesion to Hep-2 cells, in vitro biofilm formation, and eukaryotic cytotoxicity. The prevalence of ETEC genes was lower than 3% in each case (estA and elt). Six isolates were EPEC (eae+) and 2 were EHEC/STEC (eae+/stx1+). The results of a diversity analysis showed high genetic heterogenicity among isolates. Additionally, different sequence types, including ST10, ST21, and ST69, were assigned to selected isolates. Thirty-six percent (96/264) of the isolates were fluoroquinolone-resistant, with 61/96 (63.5%) being multidrug-resistant. Additionally, 6 were oxyimino-cephalosporin-resistant. The qnrB, qnrS1, and bla CTX-M-14 genes were detected, whereas no isolates carried the mcr-1 gene. Isolates had the ability to adhere to Hep-2 cells and form biofilms. Only 1 isolate expressed toxins in vitro. E. coli from NCD cases in Uruguay are very diverse, potentially virulent, and may interact with eukaryotic cells. Zoonotic potential, together with resistance traits and the presence of horizontal transfer mechanisms, may play a significant role in infections caused by these microorganisms.

  2. Geothermal energy: potential applications to diversify the energy matrix of Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cernuschi, F.

    2014-01-01

    The Geothermal energy is a promising renewable energy source due to the low to null CO2 emissions and the stability of energy production. In Uruguay, high geothermal gradients related to magmatism are extinct since the Cretaceous, limiting its geothermal potential. However, a moderate geothermal gradient in northwest Uruguay is estimated at an average of ∼ 28.6 oC/km. Here, thermally insolating Cretaceous flood basalts confine aquifers in Carboniferous to Jurassic sedimentary rocks of the Parana basin. In this area geothermal applications are possible: 1) The over-pressurized, warm waters of the Guarani Aquifer System (∼45°, >1000 m), presently only used by the tourism industry, could be used for domestic or industrial heating (eg. greenhouses) to reduce the consumption of energy from other sources. 2) Waters from possibly deeper Carboniferous-Permian aquifers (≤75 °C, ∼2300 m), may allow the generation of electricity using binary power plants cooled by superficial cold water. If these or other sedimentary rocks extend deeper (≤150 °C, ∼4500 m), conventional binary plants could contribute to the national energy demand. 3) If viable, creating an enhanced geothermal systems in the granitic basement, below 5000 m depth, could also enable the generation of significant amounts of electricity with binary plants. To develop these scenarios, detailed research of the geothermal gradient and its variations at depths, the stratigraphy and structural geology of the Parana basin, the hydrogeology of its aquifers and the localization of granitic intrusions on the basement are needed. All the above, have yet to be systematically and comprehensively studied

  3. Recreational Exposure during Algal Bloom in Carrasco Beach, Uruguay: A Liver Failure Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, Flavia; Sedan, Daniela; D'Agostino, Daniel; Cavalieri, María Lorena; Mullen, Eduardo; Parot Varela, María Macarena; Flores, Cintia; Caixach, Josep; Andrinolo, Dario

    2017-08-31

    In January 2015, a 20-month-old child and her family took part in recreational activities at Carrasco and Malvín beaches (Montevideo, Uruguay). An intense harmful algae bloom (HAB) was developing along the coast at that time. A few hours after the last recreational exposure episode, the family suffered gastrointestinal symptoms which were self-limited except in the child's case, who was admitted to hospital in Uruguay with diarrhea, vomiting, fatigue, and jaundice. The patient had increased serum levels of liver enzymes and bilirubin and five days later presented acute liver failure. She was referred to the Italian Hospital in Buenos Aires, being admitted with grade II-III encephalopathy and hepatomegaly and requiring mechanical respiratory assistance. Serology tests for hepatitis A, B, and C, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus were negative. Laboratory features showed anemia, coagulopathy, and increased serum levels of ammonium, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and bilirubin. Autoimmune Hepatitis Type-II (AH-II) was the initial diagnosis based on a liver kidney microsomal type 1 antibodies (LKM-1) positive result, and twenty days later a liver transplant was performed. The liver histopathology had indicated hemorrhagic necrosis in zone 3, and cholestasis and nodular regeneration, which were not characteristic of AH-II. LC/ESI-HRMS (liquid chromatography electrospray ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry) analysis of MCs in the explanted liver revealed the presence of Microsytin-LR (MC-LR) (2.4 ng·gr -1 tissue) and [D-Leu¹]MC-LR (75.4 ng·gr -1 tissue), which constitute a toxicological nexus and indicate a preponderant role of microcystins in the development of fulminant hepatitis.

  4. Tobacco smoke exposure in public places and workplaces after smoke-free policy implementation: a longitudinal analysis of smoker cohorts in Mexico and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F; Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Erika; Sebrié, Ernesto M; Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh; Boado, Marcelo; Yong, Hua Hie; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Bianco, Eduardo

    2013-12-01

    To determine the prevalence, correlates and changes in secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure over the period after comprehensive smoke-free policy implementation in two Latin American countries. Data were analysed from population-based representative samples of adult smokers and recent quitters from the 2008 and 2010 waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey in Mexico (n = 1766 and 1840, respectively) and Uruguay (n = 1379 and 1411, respectively). Prevalence of SHS exposure was estimated for regulated venues, and generalized estimating equations were used to determine correlates of SHS exposure. Workplace SHS exposure in the last month was similar within and across countries (range: Mexico 20-25%; Uruguay 14-29%). At the most recent restaurant visit, SHS exposure was lower where comprehensive smoke-free policies were implemented (range: Uruguay 6-9%; Mexico City 5-7%) compared with Mexican cities with weaker policies, where exposure remained higher but decreased over time (32-17%). At the most recent bar visit, SHS exposure was common (range: Uruguay 8-36%; Mexico City 23-31%), although highest in jurisdictions with weaker policies (range in other Mexican cities: 74-86%). In Uruguay, males were more likely than females to be exposed to SHS across venues, as were younger compared with older smokers in Mexico. Comprehensive smoke-free policies are more effective than weaker policies, although compliance in Mexico and Uruguay is not as high as desired.

  5. Tobacco smoke exposure in public places and workplaces after smoke-free policy implementation: a longitudinal analysis of smoker cohorts in Mexico and Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F.; Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Erika; Sebrié, Ernesto M.; Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh; Boado, Marcelo; Yong, Hua Hie; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Bianco, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To determine the prevalence, correlates and changes in secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure over the period after comprehensive smoke-free policy implementation in two Latin American countries. Methods: Data were analysed from population-based representative samples of adult smokers and recent quitters from the 2008 and 2010 waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey in Mexico (n = 1766 and 1840, respectively) and Uruguay (n = 1379 and 1411, respectively). Prevalence of SHS exposure was estimated for regulated venues, and generalized estimating equations were used to determine correlates of SHS exposure. Results: Workplace SHS exposure in the last month was similar within and across countries (range: Mexico 20–25%; Uruguay 14–29%). At the most recent restaurant visit, SHS exposure was lower where comprehensive smoke-free policies were implemented (range: Uruguay 6–9%; Mexico City 5–7%) compared with Mexican cities with weaker policies, where exposure remained higher but decreased over time (32–17%). At the most recent bar visit, SHS exposure was common (range: Uruguay 8–36%; Mexico City 23–31%), although highest in jurisdictions with weaker policies (range in other Mexican cities: 74–86%). In Uruguay, males were more likely than females to be exposed to SHS across venues, as were younger compared with older smokers in Mexico. Conclusions: Comprehensive smoke-free policies are more effective than weaker policies, although compliance in Mexico and Uruguay is not as high as desired. PMID:23172895

  6. Política comercial y política de infraestructura: un ejercicio de simulación sobre los impactos en la localización industrial en Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Labraga

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we used a model of New Economic Geography (NEG) to simulate the effects on industrial location in Uruguay for the implementation of alternative trade policy and infrastructure policy. The exercises show that a reduction of non-tariff barriers with Argentina reduces the location of industries in Uruguay, while implementing the same policy in Brazil increases the location of industries in Uruguay. Infrastructure policies, regardless of the country that are made, increase the local...

  7. Impacto de estrategias colectivas en la sustentabilidad de sistemas familiares lecheros en Uruguay Impact of collective strategies on the sustainability of family dairy systems in Uruguay

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    R García Ferreira

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, los procesos de insustentabilidad que transitan los sistemas de producción familiares lecheros de pequeña escala han sido una importante preocupación para gremiales de productores y equipos de intervención e investigación. La Asociación de Productores Lecheros San José, Uruguay, y diversos equipos universitarios han desarrollado experiencias de desarrollo rural y apoyos a la producción, tendientes a mejorar los niveles de ingresos y la calidad de vida de estas familias, fortaleciendo los procesos colectivos como contratendencias a ese proceso central. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el estado de sustentabilidad de los sistemas familiares lecheros del Departamento de San José, considerando sus dimensiones social, económica y agroecológica; se aplicó una metodología de evaluación a través de indicadores de sustentabilidad en 100 de estos sistemas y se analizó la influencia que tienen sobre ello el uso y la adopción de estrategias colectivas de apoyo a la producción. Entre los principales resultados, resalta que los sistemas que incorporaron más estrategias colectivas (tres o más presentaron mayores valores, en general, para varios de los indicadores productivos y económicos (un incremento de 66% en el ingreso predial per cápita, 39% en litros/ha y 73% en PB/ha en promedio que aquellos que las adoptaron de forma aislada (una sola estrategia. Se concluye que el análisis de estos 100 establecimientos orienta a seguir en el camino de la generación y estudio de este tipo de estrategias colectivas, que sirven fundamentalmente como alternativas en la generación de contratendencias que puedan disminuir, amortiguar o revertir la desaparición y degradación de los sistemas familiares lecheros como grupo social.In recent years, the unsustainability processes undergone by small scale family dairy systems have been an important concern for farmer guilds and intervention and research teams. The

  8. Indications of the Implementation in the Process of Educational Reform in Uruguay Indicadores de la implementación en procesos de reforma educativa en Uruguay

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    Marcos R. Sarasola

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author investigates, from a qualitative perspective, the problems associated with implementing educational innovations. He studies the recent case of the Basic Cycle reform in Uruguay. Based on the concepts of van der Vegt and Vandenberghe (1992, he analyzes the "functions guides" exercised by the director in order to be able to regulate the internal flow of the implementation. The first of these is "conceptual clarity", which has to do with providing the professors with a clear vision of what will take place within the implementation, and with specifying that vision in terms of the professional knowledge and abilities of the faculty as well. The second of these is "directional pressure," which refers to an operational level of the implementation; that is to say, how daily activities mesh with the objectives of the reform. Next, "function of support" refers to the support offered by the director for the management of resources (material, emotional, technical, and administrative resources, so that the resources may then effectively support the work in the center. Finally is "definition of latitude," that is, the degree of educational autonomy that the faculty have with respect to the external objectives of the reform. En este trabajo el autor estudia, desde una perspectiva cualitativa, la problemática de la implementación de innovaciones educativas. Toma por caso la reciente reforma del Ciclo Básico en Uruguay. Con base en los conceptos de van der Vegt y Vandenberghe (1992, analiza las "funciones guía" ejercidas por el director para poder regular el flujo interno de la implementación. La primera de ellas es la "claridad conceptual", que tiene que ver con las posibilidades de proveer a los profesores de una clara visión de lo que ha de lograrse con la implementación y con concretar esa visión en términos de saber profesional y habilidades de los docentes. La segunda es la "presión direccional" que refiere a un nivel

  9. Giovanni Battista Marini Bettolo: su incidencia en el desarrollo de la química en Uruguay Giovanni Battista Marini Bettolo: his role in the development of chemistry in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Borkenztain

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Uruguay es un pequeño país sudamericano en el cual la enseñanza de la química está centralizada, desde 1929, en la Facultad de Química de la Universidad de la República. Una tradición centrada en la enseñanza de la comunidad académica de esta Facultad comenzó a virar hacia una fuerte importancia de la tarea investigativa en forma coincidente con la llegada del profesor Giovanni Marini Bettolo al país en 1948. En este trabajo se estudia la incidencia del profesor y de los investigadores entrenados por él y sus sucesores. Constituye una aproximación preliminar al estudio de la relevancia cuantitativa y cualitativa de este conjunto de docentes en la producción global de la investigación en química del país, a modo de avance o primer paso que siente las bases de investigaciones futuras sobre la química uruguaya.Uruguay is a small South American country where the teaching of chemistry has been centralized at the Universidad de la República's School of Chemistry since 1929. Traditionally centered on teaching the academic community at this institution, the School began moving towards a heavier emphasis on research when Professor Giovanni Marini Bettolo arrived in Uruguay in 1948. The article examines Bettolo's role and the role of the researchers trained by him and his successors. This is a preliminary approach to the study of the quantitative and qualitative impact that this set of teachers had within overall research production in chemistry in Uruguay; it is meant as a first step that lays a foundation for future studies of the topic.

  10. Vulnerability and Hydrogeologic Risk of the Guarani Aquifer System in the outcropping area located in Rivera Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montano, J.; Collazo, P.; Auge, M.

    2004-01-01

    The Project named Vulnerability and Hydrogeologic Risk of the Guarani Aquifer System in the outcropping area located in Rivera, Uruguay is developed by the Faculty of Science University of the Republic, together with the Faculty of Natural and Exact Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires, and it is financed by the Guarani Fund of Universities - Project for the Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development of the Guarani Aquifer System. This project has the aim of researching the characteristics and the hydrogeologic behavior of the Guarani Aquifer in the North portion of Uruguay, Department of Rivera (outcropping area). Moreover, to propose measures directed to their preservation through their sustainable use. The Hydrogeologic Study of the Guarani Aquifer System in this area will contribute not only with the best knowledge in its dynamics, but also helping to take measures in the water management and to avoid potential risks of contamination [es

  11. Los conceptos de transición y democracia en el pensamiento de las Ciencias Sociales. Uruguay 1985-1989

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia Arias

    2013-01-01

    En este artículo me propongo analizar los conceptos de transición y democracia en el pensamiento de las Ciencias Sociales en el Uruguay entre los años 1985-1989. El trabajo se enmarca en el proyecto “La construcción de la democracia en la transición. El pensamiento de las Ciencias Jurídicas, Políticas y Sociales: Uruguay 1985-1989” en el que participo junto a otros investigadores. Dicho proyecto tiene por objetivo investigar, desde una mirada interdisciplinaria pero con un marco teórico conse...

  12. The challenge of implementation of preventive programs in a developing country: experiences, situations, and perspectives in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, María Luz

    2003-12-15

    In recent years, Uruguay has seen an alarming increase in the percentage of persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who are injection drug users (IDUs) and their sex partners, which has consequently contributed to the rate of perinatal transmission. Development of preventive harm reduction and risk reduction strategies has become imperative. These strategies must be suitable for a developing country and focused on its population of IDUs. These strategies must include, as a preliminary step, a comprehensive analysis of the current local legal system and knowledge about the kinds of drugs used, the ways in which they are used, and their effects on public health. The conclusions of some studies and a pilot program that Institute of Social Research and Development, Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Social, Uruguay, implemented in 2001 have pointed to new avenues for the control of the epidemic spread among IDUs and to their social environment.

  13. Sangre indígena en Uruguay. Ciudadanías post étnicas y Derechos Sociales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María López Mazz

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I explore derives circumstances of the extermination of native people of Uruguay and their integration to postcolonial class society. It was thought that this affair was a problem solved, but the recent history questions Uruguayan State identity and the myth of social and cultural homogeneous society products of European immigration. Social and political crisis (1973-1984 put in discussion symbolism and social stereotypes of the called modern Uruguay. The re activation of a news Indians identities is a memory processes under construction which combine scientific research with the fight for Human Rights, and deep questions about official historical narratives. In recent years Anthropological studies and heritage process collaborated with making more visible natives American heritage.

  14. Gênese de solos derivados de rochas ultramáficas serpentinizadas no sudoeste de Minas Gerais Genesis of soils formed from ultramafic serpentinized rocks in southwestern Minas Gerais (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Vidal-Torrado

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Os solos derivados de rochas serpentinizadas ou serpentinitos constituem um grupo especial de solos em toda superfície terrestre. De caráter ultramáfico, ou seja, rochas com mais de 70 % de minerais máficos (ferromagnesianos, os serpentinitos apresentam uma mineralogia pobre em sílica e escassa em Al, sendo, no entanto, muito enriquecida em Mg. São poucos os estudos sobre a morfologia, mineralogia, gênese e classificação dos solos desenvolvidos de tais rochas. Em ambiente tropical úmido no sudoeste de Minas Gerais, na zona do greenstone belt do Morro de Ferro, em superfícies geomórficas jovens, três perfis de solos representativos dessa paisagem sobre rochas serpentinizadas foram caracterizados por meio de descrições macro e micromorfológicas, análises granulométricas, químicas e por mineralogia de raios X das frações argila e silte. Complementarmente, para acompanhamento da alteração geoquímica dos horizontes do solo, foram feitas microanálises das seções delgadas por EDRX. Os solos foram classificados como Chernossolo Háplico Férrico típico, Cambissolo Háplico eutroférrico léptico e Neossolo Regolítico eutrófico típico e, embora situados num clima que favorece o rápido intemperismo, do ponto de vista morfológico e mineralógico, mostraram-se similares aos solos derivados de rochas serpentinizadas das regiões subtropicais e temperada. No processo de formação de solo, a evolução da trama segue a seguinte seqüência: alteração da rocha ® trama frâgmica ® trama porfírica com cavidades ® trama porfírica aberta por coalescência de cavidades. O processo de argiluviação é evidente e se dá em dois estádios distintos: argiluviação primária, que ocorre nas fendas e cavidades que se formam por alteração de rocha, e argiluviação secundária, verificada na porosidade mais aberta e evoluída da coalescência das cavidades. Os solos apresentam mineralogia pouco comum para solos tropicais, com

  15. Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebrié, Ernesto Marcelo; Sandoya, Edgardo; Hyland, Andrew; Bianco, Eduardo; Glantz, Stanton A; Cummings, K Michael

    2013-05-01

    Stimulated by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, many countries in Latin America adopted comprehensive smoke-free policies. In March 2006, Uruguay became the first Latin American country to adopt 100% smoke-free national legislation, which ended smoking in all indoor public places and workplaces, including restaurants and bars. The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in hospital admissions for cardiovascular disease 2 years before and 2 years after the policy was implemented in Uruguay. Reports of hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (International Classification of Disease-10 I21) from 37 hospitals (79% of all hospital admissions in the country), representing the period 2 years before and 2 years after the adoption of a nationwide smoke-free policy in Uruguay (between 1 March 2004 and 29 February 2008), were reviewed. A time series analysis was undertaken to compare the average monthly number of events of hospital admission for AMI before and after the smoke-free law. A total of 7949 hospital admissions for AMI were identified during the 4-year study period. Two years after the smoke-free policy was enacted, hospital admissions for AMI fell by 22%. The same pattern and roughly the same magnitude of reduction in AMI admissions were observed for patients seen in public and private hospitals, men, women and people aged 40-65 years and older than 65 years. The national smoke-free policy implemented in Uruguay in 2006 was associated with a significant reduction in hospital admissions for AMI.

  16. The Battle Era and Labor in Uruguay and U.S. Low-Intensity in Conflict Policy in Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    1Martin Weinstein, Uruguay: The Politics of Failure (Westport, 1975), 92. 22Direccion General de Estadistica , Anuario Estadistica de la Republica Oriental...dominated by immigrants engaged mainly in commerce and financial activities. 32 Most immigrants, however, 30Direccion General de Estadistica , Censo...General de Estadistica , Anuario Estadistico de la Republica Oriental del Urugay, 1901-1915. Montevideo, 1902- 1917. Direccion General de Estadistica

  17. Periodontal conditions and associated factors among adults and the elderly: findings from the first National Oral Health Survey in Uruguay

    OpenAIRE

    Lorenzo, Susana M.; Alvarez, Ramón; Andrade, Ernesto; Piccardo, Virginia; Francia, Alejandro; Massa, Fernando; Correa, Marcos Britto; Peres, Marco Aurélio

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of periodontal conditions in the Uruguayan adult and elderly population and its association with socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. Data from adults (35-44, n = 358) and elderly (65-74, n = 411) who participated in the first National Oral Health Survey, Uruguay, 2011, were used. The survey included a household questionnaire addressing socioeconomic characteristics, and tobacco use. Bleeding on probing (BOP), periodontal ...

  18. Une révolution numérique dans les salles de classe de l'Uruguay ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 janv. 2011 ... Les élèves des écoles primaires publiques de l'Uruguay vont bientôt voir leurs salles de classe se colorer de vert. Grâce à une initiative pilote mondiale, des millions d'ordinateurs portables peu coûteux seront distribués aux enfants les plus pauvres de la planète au cours de l'an prochain.

  19. Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebrié, Ernesto Marcelo; Sandoya, Edgardo; Hyland, Andrew; Bianco, Eduardo; Glantz, Stanton A; Cummings, K Michael

    2012-01-01

    Background Stimulated by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, many countries in Latin America adopted comprehensive smoke-free policies. In March 2006, Uruguay became the first Latin American country to adopt 100% smoke-free national legislation, which ended smoking in all indoor public places and workplaces, including restaurants and bars. The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in hospital admissions for cardiovascular disease 2 years before and 2 years after the policy was implemented in Uruguay. Methods Reports of hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (International Classification of Disease-10 I21) from 37 hospitals (79% of all hospital admissions in the country), representing the period 2 years before and 2 years after the adoption of a nationwide smoke-free policy in Uruguay (between 1 March 2004 and 29 February 2008), were reviewed. A time series analysis was undertaken to compare the average monthly number of events of hospital admission for AMI before and after the smoke-free law. Results A total of 7949 hospital admissions for AMI were identified during the 4-year study period. Two years after the smoke-free policy was enacted, hospital admissions for AMI fell by 22%. The same pattern and roughly the same magnitude of reduction in AMI admissions were observed for patients seen in public and private hospitals, men, women and people aged 40–65 years and older than 65 years. Conclusions The national smoke-free policy implemented in Uruguay in 2006 was associated with a significant reduction in hospital admissions for AMI. PMID:22337557

  20. A unique, intuitive, creative, innovative, bold scientist in endless quest of the truth and a giant in high-altitude medicine: Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, "The Parvatha Guru" (May 20, 1926-September 17, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professor Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo - The Mountain Guru, Bolivian visionary, loved art and science. He was a word class pioneer and defender of life and medicine at high altitude. In 1964, after his observations of the perfused heart in dogs, he affirmed that the hearts of high-altitude residents are much more resistant to hypoxia than those at sea level. He clarified misconceptions about lung diseases at high altitude, which were improperly termed "loss of adaptation." His original and unique views on what was called chronic mountain sickness (CMS, a term he proposed be discarded and be rather expressed as polyerythrocythemia (as a more precise symptomatic description of multiple pathologies in the hypoxic environment of high altitude. He created the "triple hypoxia syndrome," an essential description to explain the momentary decrease of PaO 2 in polyerythrocythemic patients. His concepts of hypoxia gave rise to the formulation of the high-altitude adaptation formula. On his obituary, legendary respiratory physiologist Prof. John B. West stated, "He was a remarkable man and our discipline has lost a giant." Renowned Environmental scientist Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, a long-time friend of Prof. Gustavo Sr., stated, "We lost one of the most valuable and precious personalities… a great loss to the world scientific community." Prof. Gustavo′s son Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta Calleja is also a renowned pulmonologist like his legendary father and keeping his illustrious father′s legacy with pride and honor at his "High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute," La Paz, Bolivia.