WorldWideScience

Sample records for castillejo-dalitz-dyson poles

  1. Generalized weak-binding relations of compositeness in effective field theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kamiya, Yuki

    2016-01-01

    We study the compositeness of near-threshold states to investigate the internal structure of exotic hadron candidates. Within the framework of effective field theory, Weinberg's weak-binding relation is extended to more general cases by easing several preconditions. First, by evaluating the contribution from the decay channel, we obtain the generalized relation for unstable quasibound states. Next, we generalize the relation to include the nearby CDD (Castillejo-Dalitz-Dyson) pole contribution with the help of the Pade approximant. The validity of the estimation with the generalized weak-binding relations is examined by numerical calculations. Finally, by applying the extended relation to Lambda(1405), f0(980) and a0(980), we discuss their internal structure, in comparison with other approaches.

  2. Quark mass dependence of H-dibaryon in $\\Lambda\\Lambda$ scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

    2016-01-01

    We study the quark mass dependence of the H-dibaryon in the strangeness $S=-2$ baryon-baryon scattering. A low-energy effective field theory is used to describe the coupled-channel scattering, in which the quark mass dependence is incorporated so as to reproduce the lattice QCD data in the SU(3) limit. We point out the existence of the Castillejo-Dalitz-Dyson (CDD) pole in the $\\Lambda\\Lambda$ scattering amplitude below the threshold in the SU(3) limit, which may cause the Ramsauer-Townsend effect near the $N\\Xi$ threshold at the physical point. The H-dibaryon is unbound at the physical point, and a resonance appears just below the $N\\Xi$ threshold. As a consequence of the coupled-channel dynamics, the pole associated with the resonance is not continuously connected to the bound state in the SU(3) limit. Through the extrapolation in quark masses, we show that the unitary limit of the $\\Lambda\\Lambda$ scattering is achieved between the physical point and the SU(3) limit. We discuss the possible realization of ...

  3. Resonance on top of thresholds: The Λc(2595 )+ as an extremely fine-tuned state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhi-Hui; Oller, J. A.

    2016-03-01

    A dedicated study of the π Σc scattering around its threshold is carried out in this work to probe the nature of Λc(2595 )+.We first demonstrate that the effective range expansion approach fails to work near the Λc(2595 )+poleposition, due to the presence of a nearby Castillejo-Dalitz-Dyson (CDD) pole around the π Σc thresholds. We then develop a general framework to properly handle the situation with a CDD pole accompanied by nearby thresholds, which is first elaborated for the single-channel case and then generalized to the coupled-channel study. The isospin-breaking effects of the three π Σc channels with different thresholds are specially taken into account in our study. The finite-width effects from the Σc baryons are considered and found to be relevant to give the Λc(2595 )+ width fully compatible with its experimental value. Through the compositeness analysis, our robust conclusion is that the π0Σc+ component is subdominant inside the Λc(2595 )+.

  4. Poling of Planar Silica Waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Kristensen, Martin; Jensen, Jesper Bo

    1999-01-01

    UV-written planar silica waveguides are poled using two different poling techniques, thermal poling and UV-poling. Thermal poling induces an electro-optic coefficient of 0.067 pm/V. We also demonstrate simultaneous UV-writing and UV-poling. The induced electro-optic effect shows a linear dependence...

  5. Lower pole stones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanguedolce, Francesco; Breda, Alberto; Millan, Felix; Brehmer, Marianne; Knoll, Thomas; Liatsikos, Evangelos; Osther, Palle; Traxer, Olivier; Scoffone, Cesare

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: To assess efficacy and safety of prone- and supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of lower pole kidney stones. METHODS: Data from patients affected by lower pole kidney stones and treated with PCNL between December 2005 and August 2010 were collected retrospectively...... by seven referral centres. Variables analysed included patient demographics, clinical and surgical characteristics, stone-free rates (SFR) and complications. Statistical analysis was conducted to compare the differences for SFRs and complication rates between prone- and supine PCNL. RESULTS: One...... hundred seventeen patients underwent PCNL (mean stone size: 19.5 mm) for stones harboured only in the lower renal pole (single stone: 53.6 %; multiple stones: 46.4 %). A higher proportion of patients with ASA score ≥ 3 and harbouring multiple lower pole stones were treated with supine PCNL (5.8 vs. 23...

  6. Rad Pole Cam Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The RadPoleCam was developed to provide Department Of Energy (DOE) first responders the capability to assess the radiological and visual condition of remote or inaccessible locations. Real time gamma isotopic identification is provided to the first responder in the form of audio feedback (i.e. spoken through head phones) from a gamma detector mounted on a collapsible pole that can extend from 1 to 9 meters (6 to 29 feet). Simultaneously, selectable direct and side looking visual images are provided from the 5cm (2in) diameter, waterproof probe tip. The lightweight, self contained, ruggedized, system will provide a rapidly deployable field system for visual and radiological search and assessment of confined spaces and extended reach locations

  7. Wood pole overhead lines

    CERN Document Server

    Wareing, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This new book concentrates on the mechanical aspects of distribution wood pole lines, including live line working, environmental influences, climate change and international standards. Other topics include statutory requirements, safety, profiling, traditional and probabilistic design, weather loads, bare and covered conductors, different types of overhead systems, conductor choice, construction and maintenance. A section has also been devoted to the topic of lightning, which is one of the major sources of faults on overhead lines. The book focuses on the effects of this problem and the strate

  8. Symbolic pole/zero analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Francisco V.; Sánchez-López, Carlos; Castro-López, R.; Roca, E.

    2012-01-01

    Extraction of pole/zero expressions as a function of circuit parameters has traditionally been an essential tool for designers. In this Chapter, the main specific techniques for symbolic pole/zero extraction are described and their pros and cons are discussed. The application of the different techniques is illustrated with experimental results on practical circuits.

  9. The South Pole Telescope

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruhl, J.E.; Ade, P.A.R.; Carlstrom, J.E.; Cho, H.M.; Crawford,T.; Dobbs, M.; Greer, C.H.; Halverson, N.W.; Holzapfel, W.L.; Lanting,T.M.; Lee, A.T.; Leitch, E.M.; Leong, J.; Lu, W.; Lueker, M.; Mehl, J.; Meyer, S.S.; Mohr, J.J.; Padin, S.; Plagge, T.; Pryke, C.; Runyan, M.C.; Schwan, D.; Sharp, M.K.; Spieler, H.; Staniszewski, Z.; Stark, A.A.

    2004-11-04

    A new 10 meter diameter telescope is being constructed for deployment at the NSF South Pole research station. The telescope is designed for conducting large-area millimeter and sub-millimeter wave surveys of faint, low contrast emission, as required to map primary and secondary anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background. To achieve the required sensitivity and resolution, the telescope design employs an off-axis primary with a 10 m diameter clear aperture. The full aperture and the associated optics will have a combined surface accuracy of better than 20 microns rms to allow precision operation in the submillimeter atmospheric windows. The telescope will be surrounded with a large reflecting ground screen to reduce sensitivity to thermal emission from the ground and local interference. The optics of the telescope will support a square degree field of view at 2mm wavelength and will feed a new 1000-element micro-lithographed planar bolometric array with superconducting transition-edge sensors and frequency-multiplexed readouts. The first key project will be to conduct a survey over 4000 degrees for galaxy clusters using the Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect. This survey should find many thousands of clusters with a mass selection criteria that is remarkably uniform with redshift. Armed with redshifts obtained from optical and infrared follow-up observations, it is expected that the survey will enable significant constraints to be placed on the equation of state of the dark energy.

  10. Lightweight extendable and retractable pole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A lightweight extendable and retractable telescopic pole is disclosed comprising a plurality of non-metallic telescoping cylinders with sliding and sealing surfaces between the cylinders, a first plug member on the upper end of the smallest cylinder, and a second plug member on the lower end of the largest cylinder, whereby fluid pressure admitted to the largest cylinder will cause the telescoping cylinders to slide relative to one another causing the pole to extend. An elastomeric member connects the first plug member with one of the intermediate cylinders to urge the cylinders back into a collapsed position when the fluid pressure in the cylinders is vented. Annular elastomer members are provided which seal one cylinder to another when the pole is fully extended and further serve to provide a cushion to prevent damage to the cylinders when the pole is urged back into its retractable position by the elastomeric members and the venting of the pressure. A value mechanism associated with the pole is provided to admit a fluid under pressure to the interior of the telescoping cylinders of the pole while pressurizing a pressure relief port having an opening larger than the inlet port in a closed position whereby removal of the pressure on the relief port will cause the relief port to open to quickly lower the pressure in the interior of the telescoping cylinders to thereby assist in the rapid retraction of the extended pole. 18 figs

  11. The North Pole Environmental Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morison, J.; Aagaard, K.; Falkner, K.; Heiberg, A.; McPhee, M.; Moritz, D.; Overland, J.; Perovich, D.; Richter-Menge, J.; Shimada, K.; Steele, M.; Takizawa, T.; Woodgate, R.

    2001-12-01

    The Arctic environment is changing. The North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) was established as a type of program of long-term observations required to understand Arctic change. The North Pole region was chosen because it is central to observed changes, there is a reasonable past history of measurements, and there is often a large gap there in the coverage of surface measurements. NPEO has three main components, (1) an automated drifting station composed of several buoys to measure atmospheric, upper ocean, and ice variables, (2) a sub-surface mooring at the Pole measuring ocean properties and ice draft, and (3) an airborne hydrographic survey that provides a snapshot spatial description of upper ocean properties. The first observatory was established at the Pole in April 2000 by aircraft flying out of Alert. The drifting station portion consisted of ocean ice and meteorological buoys. Over one year the drifting station passed south through Fram Strait and stopped operating in the Greenland Sea. The airborne hydrographic survey made 6 stations between Alert, the Pole, and beyond. The sub-surface mooring was not deployed. In 2001 the drifting station was similar, but the operation was expanded to deploy a 4000-m mooring at the Pole. The mooring includes current meters, C-T sensors, ADCP, and an ice draft-profiling sonar. It will be recovered in 2002. The hydrographic survey covered a new line from the Pole to 85N, 170W. The 2000 hydrographic survey showed that the changes characterizing the Pole region in the 1990s persist, but with some deepening and some slight retreat toward climatology. The section from Alert shows that upper ocean conditions near the coast have become much like the Western Arctic with low mixed layer salinity and a secondary shallow temperature maximum. The observations indicate a general counterclockwise shift in water mass locations. Among other things, the NPEO 2000 drifting station data indicate the cold halocline is still thinner

  12. Top-quark pole mass

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Martin C.; Willenbrock, Scott S.

    1996-01-01

    The top quark decays more quickly than the strong-interaction time scale, $\\lqcd^{-1}$, and might be expected to escape the effects of nonperturbative QCD. Nevertheless, the top-quark pole mass, like the mass of a stable heavy quark, is ambiguous by an amount proportional to $\\lqcd$.

  13. Resonance poles in three-body systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, B. C.; Afnan, I. R.

    1984-12-01

    We develop a method for finding resonance poles in Faddeev equations. The method is computationally simpler than previous methods and is based on the rotation of contour technique. It is applied to πd elastic scattering with coupling to the NΔ channel. The position of the pole is compared with predictions based on Argand diagram and speed analysis. We find that the conventional methods are unreliable if the pole is further from the real axis than the Δ resonance pole.

  14. Pole counting and resonance classification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    S-wave resonances occurring close to an inelastic threshold can be classified according to the number of nearby poles they possess. One then has a useful possibility of distinguishing dynamical alternatives by objective appeal to data. Making this quantitative entails developing suitable effective range expansions for various realizations of potential scattering. A key application is deciding the make-up of f0 (976) (S*). (author)

  15. Phenomenological theory of echo poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In scattering theory the effect associated with the downward crossing of the phase-shift δℓ(k) (ℓ being the orbital angular momentum and k the momentum) through δℓ=π/2 (mod π) is called echo. In the standard nuclear theory (Breit–Wigner theory) the echo is described and evaluated in terms of scattering by an impenetrable sphere. However, this model holds only at sufficiently high energy, while it is inadequate at low energy. In this paper we show that the echo effect can be associated with two different regimes acting at low and high energy, respectively. At high energy the hard-sphere scattering model seems to describe appropriately the phenomenon. At low energy we propose a mechanism due to the exchange forces induced by the Pauli exclusion principle in the fermionic interaction, which leads to nonlocal potentials. These potentials admit for the scattering amplitude pole singularities in the fourth quadrant of the complex angular momentum plane. This paper analyzes the role played by this class of poles in the description of the low energy regime of echoes. A specific phenomenological analysis is performed, taking as typical example the α–α elastic scattering

  16. Pole to Pole Videoconferences Connect Students and Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparrow, E. B.; Lemone, P.; Yule, S.; Boger, R.; Galloni, M.; Kopplin, M. R.

    2008-12-01

    Alaskan and Argentinean students as well as arctic and antarctic scientists participated in two International Polar Year (IPY) Pole to Pole Videoconferences in 2007 and 2008. The videoconferences involved elementary, middle and high school students as well as scientists from Alaska, Argentina, Colorado and Washington DC. Alaska students were located in Fairbanks, Healy, Shageluk and Wasilla while the Argentinean students were located in Ushuaia, Argentina, at the southern tip of South America. The purpose was to ask each other and the scientists about local environmental changes, seasonal indicators, and climate change, and how to study the seasonal indicators to determine whether they are being affected by climate change. The videoconferences were followed by web chats and web forums to allow more students in other countries including those in non-polar regions, to interact with scientists, and help students develop ideas for their research projects. These activities are part of the Seasons and Biomes Project that engages K-12 teachers and students in Earth system science investigations as a way of teaching and learning science. This project also provides professional development workshops to teachers and teacher trainers. Seasons and Biomes is one of the projects in the University of the Arctic IPY Higher Education Outreach Cluster Project that has been approved by the IPY Joint Committee. As well, it is part of the GLOBE program, an international hands-on, inquiry-based Earth and environmental science and education program for primary and secondary students in 110 countries. The videoconferences, web chats and forums generated much interest and enthusiasm among students and scientists, and have provided the impetus for student research project initiations and collaborations between schools.

  17. Baryon transition form factors at the pole

    CERN Document Server

    Tiator, L; Workman, R L; Hadžimehmedović, M; Osmanović, H; Omerović, R; Stahov, J; Švarc, A

    2016-01-01

    Electromagnetic resonance properties are uniquely defined at the pole and do not depend on the separation of the resonance from background or the decay channel. Photon-nucleon branching ratios are nowadays often quoted at the pole, and we generalize the considerations to the case of virtual photons. We derive and compare relations for nucleon to baryon transition form factors both for the Breit-Wigner and the pole positions. Using the MAID2007 and SAID SM08 partial wave analyses of pion electroproduction data, we compare the $G_M$, $G_E$, and $G_C$ form factors for the $\\Delta(1232)$ resonance excitation at the Breit-Wigner resonance and pole positions up to $Q^2=5$ GeV$^2$. We also explore the $E/M$ and $S/M$ ratios as functions of $Q^2$. For pole and residue extraction, we apply the Laurent + Pietarinen method.

  18. Pole placement with constant gain output feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sridhar, B.; Lindorff, D. P.

    1972-01-01

    Given a linear time invariant multivariable system with m inputs and p outputs, it was shown that p closed loop poles of the system can be preassigned arbitrarily using constant gain output feedback provided (A circumflex, B circumflex) is controllable. These data show that if (A circumflex, B circumflex, C circumflex) is controllable and observable, and Rank B circumflex = m, Rank C circumflex = p, then max (m,p) poles of the system can be assigned arbitarily using constant gain output feedback. Further, it is shown that in some cases more than max (m,p) poles can be arbitrarily assigned. A least square design technique is outlined to approximate the desired pole locations when it is not possible to place all the poles.

  19. Laparoscopic upper-pole nephroureterectomy in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio L. Miranda

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Report the results of laparoscopic upper-pole nephroureterectomy in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six consecutive infants underwent 7 laparoscopic upper-pole nephroureterectomy. Pre and postoperative evaluation included renal sonography, voiding cystourethrogram and renal scintigraphy. All infants showed upper-pole exclusion. Surgery was performed through a transperitoneal approach with full flank position in all infants. Three or 4 ports were used according to the necessity of retracting the liver. The distal ureter was ligated close to the bladder whenever reflux was present and the dysplastic upper-pole was divided with the help of an electrocautery. Data regarding operative time, postoperative use of analgesics, time to resume oral feeding, hospital stay and tubular function were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: All procedures were concluded as planned. Mean operative time was 135 min. One patient underwent staged bilateral upper-pole nephrectomy. There were no complications and the postoperative hospital stay was 48 hours in 5 procedures and 24 hours in 2 procedures. Pain medication was required only in the first day. Renal tubular function showed improvement in half of the cases. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a safe and feasible procedure in infants. Due to the magnification provided by the lenses, a better vision of the structures is achieved, facilitating selective dissection of vascular upper-pole, renal parenchyma and distal ureter. This approach is less damaging to the lower pole, and is associated to low morbidity and a short hospital stay.

  20. Tree-loop duality relation beyond single poles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bierenbaum, Isabella [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Buchta, Sebastian; Draggiotis, Petros; Malamos, Ioannis; Rodrigo, German [Valencia Univ. Paterna (Spain). Inst. de Fisica Corpuscular

    2012-11-15

    We develop the Tree-Loop Duality Relation for two- and three-loop integrals with multiple identical propagators (multiple poles). This is the extension of the Duality Relation for single poles and multi-loop integrals derived in previous publications. We prove a generalization of the formula for single poles to multiple poles and we develop a strategy for dealing with higher-order pole integrals by reducing them to single pole integrals using Integration By Parts.

  1. Feynman Rules of Higher-order Poles in CHY Construction

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Rijun; Luo, Ming-xing; Zhu, Chuan-Jie

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we generalize the integration rules for scattering equations to situations where higher-order poles are present. We describe the strategy to deduce the Feynman rules of higher-order poles from known analytic results of simple CHY-integrands, and propose the Feynman rules for single double pole and triple pole as well as duplex-double pole and triplex-double pole structures. We demonstrate the validation and strength of these rules by ample non-trivial examples.

  2. Gluonic Pole Matrix Elements in Spectator Models

    OpenAIRE

    Mukherjee, A; Gamberg, L.(Department of Physics, Penn State University-Berks, Reading, PA, 19610, U.S.A.); Mulders, P. J.

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the gluonic pole matrix element contributing to the first $p_T$ moment of the distribution and fragmentation functions in a spectator model. By performing a spectral analysis, we find that for a large class of spectator models, the contribution of gluonic pole matrix elements is non-zero for the distribution correlators, whereas in fragmentation correlators they vanish. This outcome is important in the study of universality for fragmentation functions.

  3. On pole structure assignment in linear systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Loiseau, J.-J.; Zagalak, Petr

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 82, č. 7 (2009), s. 1179-1192. ISSN 0020-7179 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA102/07/1596 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : linear systems * linear state feedback * pole structure assignment Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory Impact factor: 1.124, year: 2009 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2009/AS/zagalak-on pole structure assignment in linear systems.pdf

  4. Assessment of structural integrity of wooden poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craighead, Ian A.; Thackery, Steve; Redstall, Martin; Thomas, Matthew R.

    2000-05-01

    Despite recent advances in the development of new materials, wood continues to be used globally for the support of overhead cable networks used by telecommunications and electrical utility companies. As a natural material, wood is subject to decay and will eventually fail, causing disruption to services and danger to public and company personnel. Internal decay, due to basidomycetes fungi or attack by termites, can progress rapidly and is often difficult to detect by casual inspection. The traditional method of testing poles for decay involves hitting them with a hammer and listening to the sound that results. However, evidence suggests that a large number of poles are replaced unnecessarily and a significant number of poles continue to fail unexpectedly in service. Therefore, a more accurate method of assessing the structural integrity of wooden poles is required. Over the last 25 years there have been a number of attempts at improving decay detection. Techniques such as ultrasound, drilling X rays etc. have been developed but have generally failed to improve upon the practicality and accuracy of the traditional testing method. The paper describes the use of signal processing techniques to analyze the acoustic response of the pole and thereby determine the presence of decay. Development of a prototype meter is described and the results of initial tests on several hundred poles are presented.

  5. 2D Stabilised analytic signal method in DC pole-pole potential data interpretation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Paras R Pujari; Rambhatla G Sastry

    2003-03-01

    Using analytic signal method, interpretation of pole-pole secondary electric potentials due to 2D conductive/resistive prisms is presented. The estimated parameters are the location, lateral extent or width and depth to top surface of the prism. Forward modelling is attempted by 2D-Finite Difference method. The proposed stabilised analytic signal algorithm (RES2AS) uses Tikhonov's regularization scheme and FFT routines. The algorithm is tested on three theoretical examples and field data from the campus of Roorkee University. The stability of RES2AS is also tested on synthetic error prone secondary pole-pole potential data.

  6. Pole shifting with constrained output feedback

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of pole placement plays an important role in linear, multi-variable, control theory. It has received much attention since its introduction, and several pole shifting algorithms are now available. This work presents a new method which allows practical and engineering constraints such as gain limitation and controller structure to be introduced right into the pole shifting design strategy. This is achieved by formulating the pole placement problem as a constrained optimization problem. Explicit constraints (controller structure and gain limits) are defined to identify an admissible region for the feedback gain matrix. The desired pole configuration is translated into an appropriate cost function which must be closed-loop minimized. The resulting constrained optimization problem can thus be solved with optimization algorithms. The method has been implemented as an algorithmic interactive module in a computer-aided control system design package, MVPACK. The application of the method is illustrated to design controllers for an aircraft and an evaporator. The results illustrate the importance of controller structure on overall performance of a control system

  7. New magnet pole shape for isochronous cyclotrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new design has been developed for shaping pole tips to produce the radially increasing fields required for isochronous cyclotrons. The conventional solid hill poles are replaced by poles mounted over a small secondary gap which tapers radially from maximum at the magnet edge to zero near the center. Field measurements with a model magnet and calculations with the code TRIM show an increase in field at the edge of the magnet without the usual corresponding large increase in fringing, and a radial field shape more nearly field independent than for conventional hills. The flying hills have several advantages for variable energy multiparticle cyclotrons: (1) a large reduction in the power dissipated by isochronizing trim coils; (2) a more constant shape and magnitude flutter factor, eliminating flutter coils and increasing the operating range; and (3) a sharper fall-off of the fringe field, simplifying beam extraction

  8. Pole solutions for flame front propagation

    CERN Document Server

    Kupervasser, Oleg

    2015-01-01

    This book deals with solving mathematically the unsteady flame propagation equations. New original mathematical methods for solving complex non-linear equations and investigating their properties are presented. Pole solutions for flame front propagation are developed. Premixed flames and filtration combustion have remarkable properties: the complex nonlinear integro-differential equations for these problems have exact analytical solutions described by the motion of poles in a complex plane. Instead of complex equations, a finite set of ordinary differential equations is applied. These solutions help to investigate analytically and numerically properties of the flame front propagation equations.

  9. Z' near the Z-pole

    OpenAIRE

    Dermisek, Radovan; Kim, Sung-Gi; Raval, Aditi

    2011-01-01

    We present a fit to precision electroweak data in the standard model extended by an additional vector boson, Z', with suppressed couplings to the electron compared to the Z boson, with couplings to the b-quark, and with mass close to the mass of the Z boson. This scenario provides an excellent fit to forward-backward asymmetry of the b-quark measured on the Z-pole and \\pm 2 GeV off the Z-pole, and to lepton asymmetry, A_e, obtained from the measurement of left-right asymmetry for hadronic fin...

  10. Remarks on pole trajectories for resonances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Hanhart

    2014-12-01

    This study is of current relevance especially in strong interaction physics, since lattice QCD may be employed to deduce the pole trajectories for hadronic resonances as a function of the quark mass thus providing additional, new access to the structure of s-wave resonances.

  11. Kosovo : kannatlikkusele lootmine pole plaan / Chris Patten

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Patten, Chris

    2007-01-01

    Autor leiab, et arvestades Kosovo elanike ülekaalukat soovi olla vaba Serbiast, riigist, mis üritas nad kõrvaldada, ning alternatiivi täielikku puudumist Belgradi poolt, pole rahvusvahelisel kogukonnal muud võimalust kui anda Kosovole iseseisvus

  12. Pole masses of quarks in dimensional reduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pole masses of quarks in quantum chromodynamics are calculated to the two-loop order in the framework of the regularization by dimensional reduction. For the diagram with a light quark loop, the non-Euclidean asymptotic expansion is constructed with the external momentum on the mass shell of a heavy quark

  13. Poling of planar silica-based waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Leistiko, Otto

    2000-01-01

    Planar silica-based waveguides were electrically poled at elevated temperatures and cooled with the field still applied. This procedure induced second-order nonlinear effects in the waveguides. Systematic studies of the dependence of the induced linear electro-optic effect on polilng temperature...

  14. Recent advances in poled optical fibres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pruneri, V.; Margulis, W.; Myrén, N.; Li, J.; Fage-Pedersen, Jacob; Kristensen, Martin; Belmonte, M.; Kazansky, P.; Corbari, C.; Canagasabey, A.; Deparis, O.; Ferraris, M.; Poumellec, B.; Blum, R.; Liu, Q..; Zhoa, S.; Ortega, B.; Pastor, D.; Martinelli, G.; Kudlinski, A.; Quiquempois, Y.

    A second-order nonlinearity can be induced in optical fibres through poling. We describe accomplishments of the EU project GLAMOROUS in making low-cost high performance electrooptic and nonlinear optical fibre- and waveguide-based components. In particular a comparison with more traditional ferro...... ferroelectric based devices will be presented....

  15. Pole orientation, sidereal period, and sense of rotation of asteroids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, R. C.; Gehrels, T.

    1986-01-01

    Pole orientations of asteroids were determined. The method, called photometric astrometry, takes precise epochs of lightcurves into account. Pole determination research on asteroids 532 Herculina, 45 Eugenia, and 3 Juno continues. Discrepancies between various pole determination techniques presently being used are analyzed. The study of asteroid shapes and creating a generalized master pole determination technique also continues which will incorporate the best features of several current methods.

  16. Large second-harmonic generation in thermally poled silica waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Kristensen, Martin; Pedersen, K.;

    2001-01-01

    We report the observation of very large second-harmonic signals from thermally poled silica waveguide samples. Secondary ion mass spectrometry measurements show that significant amounts of silver ions are injected from the top electrode during poling.......We report the observation of very large second-harmonic signals from thermally poled silica waveguide samples. Secondary ion mass spectrometry measurements show that significant amounts of silver ions are injected from the top electrode during poling....

  17. Evidence of Space-Charge Effects in Thermal Poling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, X.; Arentoft, Jesper; Wong, D.; Fleming, S.

    1999-01-01

    The in situ thermal poling processes in germanosilicate fibers for positive and negative poling voltages are significantly different. Thermal poling of silica fibers consists of two processes: the faster linear process of charge migration and the subsequent single exponential process of charge io...

  18. Second-harmonic imaging of poled silica waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Pedersen, Kjeld; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.;

    2000-01-01

    Electric-field poled silica-based waveguides are characterized by measurements of second-harmonic generation (SHG) and of the linear electro-optic effect (LEO). A SHG scanning technique allowing for high-resolution imaging of poled devices is demonstrated. Scans along the direction of the poling...

  19. New magnet pole shape for isochronous cyclotrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new design has been developed for shaping pole tips to produce the radially increasing fields required for isochronous cyclotrons. The conventional solid hillpoles are replaced by poles mounted over a small secondary gap which tapers radially from maximum at the magnet edge to zero near the center. Field measurements with a model magnet and calculations with the code TRIM show an increase in field at the edge of the magnet without the usual corresponding large increase in fringing, and a radial field shape more nearly field independent than for conventional hills. The flying hills have several advantages for variable energy multiparticle cyclotrons: (1) a large reduction in the power dissipated by isochronizing trim coils; (2) a more constant shape and magnitude flutter factor, eliminating flutter coils and increasing the operating range; and (3) a sharper fall-off of the fringe field, simplifying beam extraction. 6 figures

  20. Neutrino Astronomy at the South Pole

    CERN Document Server

    Toale, P A

    2006-01-01

    IceCube is currently being built deep in the glacial ice beneath the South Pole. In its second year of construction, it is already larger than its predecessor, AMANDA. AMANDA continues to collect high energy neutrino and muon data as an independent detector until it is integrated with IceCube. After introducing both detectors, recent results from AMANDA and a status report on IceCube are presented.

  1. Neutrino Astronomy at the South Pole

    OpenAIRE

    Toale, P. A.; IceCube Collaboration

    2006-01-01

    Comment: Proceedings of the 2006 Rencontres de Moriond, Electroweak InteractionsIceCube is currently being built deep in the glacial ice beneath the South Pole. In its second year of construction, it is already larger than its predecessor, AMANDA. AMANDA continues to collect high energy neutrino and muon data as an independent detector until it is integrated with IceCube. After introducing both detectors, recent results from AMANDA and a status report on IceCube are presented

  2. Contact poling of RKTP with silicon pillars

    OpenAIRE

    Kianirad, Hoda; Zukauskas, Andrius; Frisk, Thomas; Canalias, Carlota; Laurell, Fredrik

    2013-01-01

    Quasi-phase-matching (QPM) is a method to get tailored efficient second order nonlinear interactions [1]. Several techniques exist for fabrication of periodic domain structures in ferroelectric crystals for QPM frequency conversion. By far, electric field poling using lithographically patterned electrodes on the z-face of the crystal is the most common one [2]. High-quality periodically inverted ferroelectric domain structures in flux grown KTiOP 4 (KTP) crystals were fabricated already in th...

  3. Efficient iterative adaptive pole placement algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊民; 李靖; 杨磊

    2004-01-01

    An iterative adaptive pole placement algorithm is presented. The stability and the convergence of the algorithm are respectively established. Since one-step iterative formulation in computing controller's parameters is used, the on-line computation cost is greatly reduced with respected to the traditional algorithm. The algorithm with the feed-forward can follow arbitrarily bounded output. The algorithm is also extended to multivariate case. Simulation examples show the efficiency and robustness of the algorithm.

  4. Injury Patterns in Side Pole Crashes

    OpenAIRE

    Pintar, Frank A.; Maiman, Dennis J.; Yoganandan, Narayan

    2007-01-01

    Side impact pole/tree crashes can have devastating consequences. A series of 53 CIREN cases of narrow-object side impacts were analyzed. Twenty-seven of 53 had serious chest injury and 27 had serious head injury. Unilateral chest trauma led to the examination of residual crush pattern that often demonstrated oblique door intrusion into the occupant thorax space. It was hypothesized that unilateral chest trauma was caused by antero-lateral chest loading. This hypothesis was evaluated by conduc...

  5. Pole-placement with constant gain output feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sridhar, B.; Lindorff, D. P.

    1973-01-01

    Davison (1970) has demonstrated that it is possible to assign max (m, p) poles of a linear time-invariant controllable and observable multivariable system arbitrarily close to desired locations by using constant gain output feedback. A new proof of Davison's theorem on pole placement is developed, and a system design procedure is described which offers some advantages over Davison's method. It is shown that in some cases more than max (m, p) poles can be assigned arbitrarily, and a least square design procedure is proposed to approximate the desired pole locations when it is not possible to place all the poles.

  6. The science of the lunar poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucey, P. G.

    2011-12-01

    It was the great geochemist Harold Urey who first called attention to peculiar conditions at the poles of the Moon where the very small inclination of the lunar spin axis with respect to the sun causes craters and other depressions to be permanently shaded from sunlight allowing very low temperatures. Urey suggested that the expected low temperature surfaces could cold trap and collect any vapors that might transiently pass through the lunar environment. Urey's notion has led to studies of the poles as a new research area in lunar science. The conditions and science of the poles are utterly unlike those of the familiar Moon of Neil Armstrong, and the study of the poles is similar to our understanding of the Moon itself at the dawn of the space age, with possibilities outweighing current understanding. Broadly, we can treat the poles as a dynamic system of input, transport, trapping, and loss. Volatile sources range from continuous, including solar wind, the Earth's polar fountain and micrometeorites, to episodic, including comets and wet asteroids, to nearly unique events including late lunar outgassing and passage through giant molecular clouds. The lunar exosphere transports volatiles to the poles, complicated by major perturbances to the atmosphere by volatile-rich sources. Trapping includes cold trapping, but also in situ creation of more refractory species such as organics, clathrates and water-bearing minerals, as well as sequester by regolith overturn or burial by larger impacts. Finally, volatiles are lost to space by ionization and sweeping. Spacecraft results have greatly added to the understanding of the polar system. Temperatures have been precisely measured by LRO, and thermal models now allow determination of temperature over the long evolution of the lunar orbit, and show very significant changes in temperature and temperature distribution with time and depth. Polar topography is revealed in detail by Selene and LRO laser altimeters while direct

  7. Design of a portable CAT scanner for utility pole inspection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Work is under way at the University of Missouri, Columbia (UMC) to design, build, and test a portable computerized axial tomography (CAT) device for the nondestructive, field imaging of wooden utility poles. CAT is a well-established medical technology that has recently been applied to a number of industrial applications. Wooden utility poles are prone to rot and decay at ground level; current techniques to assess this loss of strength are relatively primitive, i.e., tapping the pole (hitting the pole with a hammer) or boring into the pole for samples and then testing inside the bore hole with an electrical pulse device. The accuracy in identifying poles needing replacement using these techniques is ∼ 70%. Since the cost of replacing a pole ranges from hundreds to thousands of dollars, an accurate, nondestructive method is needed. CAT can accurately image a wooden utility pole (since the size, density, and atomic elements of a pole are similar to the human head to torso), as was confirmed by imaging poles using the UMC nuclear engineering EMI-1010 medical scanner. Detailed images have been produced showing the ring structure of the wood and voids due to rot or decay. Images approaching this quality have also been produced on living trees using semiportable systems by other researchers

  8. The Pole Orientation, Pole Precession, and Moment of Inertia Factor of Saturn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, R. A.; French, R. G.; Nicholson, P. D.; Hedman, M.; Colwell, J. E.; Marouf, E.; Rappaport, N.; McGhee, C.; Sepersky, T.; Lonergan, K.

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses our determination of the Saturn's pole orientation and precession using a combination of Earthbased and spacecraft based observational data. From our model of the polar motion and the observed precession rate we obtain a value for Saturn's polar moment of inertia

  9. Helioseismology from the South Pole: 1987 campaign

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Helioseismology is the study of the Sun's interior by means of observations of its global oscillations. The Sun constantly oscillates, at periods of about 5 minutes, in millions of different modes which probe different depth and latitude ranges. Helioseismological observations have been made from the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station nearly every year since 1980. This site offers the unique advantage of uninterrupted sunlight during the austral summer (except for clouds, of course) and otherwise generally good atmospheric conditions for astronomical observations. Thus, it is possible to measure oscillations without long nighttime gaps which confuse measurements made at low-latitude observatories. Measurements from the South Pole and elsewhere have shown that the solar interior is roughly similar to the predictions of the theory of stellar structure and evolution. This theory is one of the key foundations of our present picture of the universe. It is, therefore, disturbing that there are small, but highly significant, discrepancies between theory and observations and that these discrepancies have not been resolved by reasonable adjustments of theoretical parameters and physics. Currently, the source of these discrepancies is not at all clear. Helioseismology, however, not only revealed the problem but offers excellent prospects for solving it

  10. Investigation of Bioglass-Electrode Interfaces after Thermal Poling

    OpenAIRE

    Mariappan, C. R.; Roling, B.

    2007-01-01

    Electrical and electrochemical processes in a bioactive soda-lime phosphosilicate glasses and in a bioabsorbable soda-lime phosphate glass during thermal poling were studied by means of thermally stimulated depolarization current measurements, ac impedance spectroscopy, and SEM/EDX analyses. The thermal poling was done by sputtering thin Pt electrode films onto the faces of the glass samples and by applying voltages up to 1 kV to the electrodes at temperatures up to 513 K. The poling leads to...

  11. Nonlinear effect induced in thermally poled glass waveguides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Yi-tao

    2006-01-01

    Thermally poled germanium-doped channel waveguides are presented. Multilayer waveguides containing a silicon oxynitride layer were used as charge trapper in this investigation on the effect of the internal field inside the waveguide. Compared to waveguides without the trapping layer, experimental results showed that the induced linear electro-optic (EO) coefficient increases about 20% after poling, suggesting strongly that the internal field is relatively enhanced, and showed it is a promising means for improving nonlinearity by poling in waveguides.

  12. Rotor pole refurbishment for hydrogenerators : insulation problems and solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, R.R.; Rux, L. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hydroelectric Design Centre (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Three of the 6 hydroelectric generators at the Corps of Engineers' Lower Granite Powerhouse were recently scheduled for refurbishment after 30 years of operation. Physical inspection and electrical tests of Unit 1 revealed serious problems with the field ground and turn insulation, amortisseur winding, connection and rotor rim. National Electric Coil (NEC) was contracted to reinsulate the rotor poles. The rotor field poles were removed from the rotor and shipped to a repair facility for refurbishment. A visual inspection revealed that all the poll bodies had a distinct bow, center to end, on the pole mounting surface. The deflection was as high as 0.106 inch which raised concerns about how this condition may affect the ability to properly insulate or re-seat the poles. Details of the rotor pole and field winding evaluation were presented along with the problems encountered and the measures taken to successfully refurbish the rotor poles and field winding. The following 4 options were outlined for correcting the problem of bowed rotor poles: (1) flattening the poles with a hydraulic press, (2) placing the pole in a rigid fixture with heat treatment, (3) reinstalling 4 of the poles bodies with the worst bow to see if they could be seated properly in their respective slots, and (4) machine the contact surfaces of the pole body and dovetail to the required flatness. A variation of the third option was implemented. The steps taken to resolve the issue of bowed rotor pole repair proved satisfactory for both the Government and the NEC. 6 figs.

  13. Automatic optimization of pole profile using boundary integral technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method of finding the pole profile of a magnet that will produce a given field distribution is described. The method used to solve the problem in two dimensions consists of perturbing an assumed pole profile in order to calculate how much that change would alter to the field distribution. Using these changes and a least square technique a new pole profile is computed which should match the required distribution. (U.K.)

  14. Determination of the crystallite orientation distribution from direct pole figures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is described which allows to calculate the crystallite orientation distribution in polycrystalline material, from direct pole figures data of its crystallographic planes (Roe's Method). The programme was applied to (1010), (0002), (1011) and (1120) complete pole figures data for a commercial, thin sheet Zircaloy-4 tubing specimen. A semi-automatic Rigaku-Denki texture goniometer, which scans the reciprocal lattice sphere pointwise outputting the data in a punched tape, was used to obtain the pole figures. This is consistent with the results obtained through direct conclusion from the pole figures. (author)

  15. Generalized Pole Inflation: Hilltop, Natural, and Chaotic Inflationary Attractors

    CERN Document Server

    Terada, Takahiro

    2016-01-01

    A new paradigm for inflationary model building appeared recently, in which inflationary observables are determined by the structure of a pole in the inflaton kinetic term rather than the shape of the inflaton potential. We comprehensively study this framework with an arbitrary order of the pole taking into account possible additional poles in the kinetic term or in the potential. Depending on the setup, the canonical potential becomes the form of hilltop or plateau models, variants of natural inflation, or monomial or polynomial chaotic inflation. We demonstrate attractor behavior of these models and compute corrections from the additional poles to the inflationary observables.

  16. Poled-glass devices: Influence of surfaces and interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fage-Pedersen, Jacob; Jacobsen, Rune Shim; Kristensen, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Devices in periodically poled glass must have a large periodic variation of the built-in field. We show that the periodic variation can be severely degraded by charge dynamics taking place at the external (glass–air) interface or at internal (glass–glass) interfaces if the interfaces have...... imperfections. The problem of the external interface can be solved by poling with periodic electrodes that are buried inside the glass, in many cases improving the poling efficiency dramatically. Internal interfaces can be addressed by the proper choice of waveguide design and processing. Without poling the...

  17. Generation of Optimal Trajectories for Earth Hybrid Pole Sitters

    OpenAIRE

    Ceriotti, Matteo; McInnes, Colin R.

    2011-01-01

    A pole-sitter orbit is a closed path that is constantly above one of the Earth’s poles by means of continuous low thrust. This work proposes to hybridize solar sail propulsion and solar electric propulsion on the same spacecraft to enable such a pole-sitter orbit. Locally optimal control laws are found with a semianalytical inverse method, starting from a trajectory that satisfies the pole-sitter condition in the sun–Earth circular restricted three-body problem. These solutions ar...

  18. Trajectory and Spacecraft Design for a Pole-Sitter Mission

    OpenAIRE

    Ceriotti, Matteo; Heiligers, Jeannette; McInnes, Colin R.

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a detailed mission analysis and systems design of a pole-sitter mission. It considers a spacecraft that is continuously above either the North or South Pole and, as such, can provide real-time, continuous, and hemispherical coverage of the polar regions. Two different propulsion strategies are proposed, which result in a near-term pole-sitter mission using solar-electric propulsion and a far-term pole-sitter mission, in which the electric thruster is hybridized with a sola...

  19. Electromechanical properties of a disc-type salient-pole brushless DC motor with different pole numbers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lukaniszyn, M.; Jagiela, M.; Wrobel, R.

    2003-04-16

    A brushless, permanent magnet, three-phase disc-type salient-pole DC motor with co-axial flux in the stator is considered. Electromechanical properties of a basic eight-pole motor are compared with those for a 16-pole one of the same volume, in order to contrast the two potential candidates for variable-speed, low-cost drives. As a basis of the comparative analysis, 3D FEM magnetic field modelling and circuit analysis considering an electronic commutator are employed. Increasing the number of poles results in unfavourable raising in the switching frequency. The eight-pole motor construction has been shown in simulations to have higher efficiency and lower power losses than its 16-pole counterpart. (Author)

  20. Performance of new generation pole light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foo, K. C.; Karunanithi, S.; Thio, G.

    2013-06-01

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a standalone photovoltaic power supply which caters for garden lighting scheme. New Generation Pole Light (NGPL) consists of three parts which are light dependent resistor (LDR) and pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensors, microcontroller and light emitting diode (LED) and finally, solar charging system. During the night, LED is switched on with two operating modes which are ultra-bright lighting for a predetermine period (when human presence is detected) and dim lighting. Meanwhile, LED is switched off at day time and solar charging system will recover the capacity of discharged battery. NGPL provides portable, sustainable, environmental friendly and requires minimal maintenance for outdoor lighting scheme for both urban and rural areas.

  1. Partonic pole matrix elements for fragmentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the parton picture hard physical processes can conveniently be described in terms of parton distribution functions (PDFs) and fragmentation functions (FFs). While it is sufficient to consider only two-parton correlation functions at leading twist, three-parton correlation functions need to be taken into account at subleading twist. Of these three-parton correlation functions the partonic pole matrix elements (PPMEs) are of particular interest, as they are connected to single spin asymmetries and universality breaking terms of PDFs and FFs. So far the studies in this field mostly dealt with PPMEs for PDFs, while PPMEs for FFs were only considered within models. We, however, obtained new, model-independent information on PPMEs for FFs. Our results as well as their physical implications are presented in this talk.

  2. Performance of new generation pole light

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a standalone photovoltaic power supply which caters for garden lighting scheme. New Generation Pole Light (NGPL) consists of three parts which are light dependent resistor (LDR) and pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensors, microcontroller and light emitting diode (LED) and finally, solar charging system. During the night, LED is switched on with two operating modes which are ultra-bright lighting for a predetermine period (when human presence is detected) and dim lighting. Meanwhile, LED is switched off at day time and solar charging system will recover the capacity of discharged battery. NGPL provides portable, sustainable, environmental friendly and requires minimal maintenance for outdoor lighting scheme for both urban and rural areas.

  3. Where are the solar magnetic poles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor Yabar, A.; Martínez González, M. J.; Collados, M.

    2015-10-01

    Regardless of the physical origin of stellar magnetic fields - fossil or dynamo induced - an inclination angle between the magnetic and rotation axes is very often observed. Absence of observational evidence in this direction in the solar case has led to generally assume that its global magnetic field and rotation axes are well aligned. We present the detection of a monthly periodic signal of the photospheric solar magnetic field at all latitudes, and especially near the poles, revealing that the main axis of the Sun's magnetic field is not aligned with the surface rotation axis. This result reinforces the view of our Sun as a common intermediate-mass star. Furthermore, this detection challenges and imposes a strong observational constraint to modern solar dynamo theories.

  4. Trekking poles: Can you save your knees and the environment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marion, J.L.; Martinez, T.A.; Proudman, R.D.

    2001-01-01

    The increasing use of trekking poles has stimulated a growing awareness of some environmental and social impacts associated with their use. These impacts have not been documented in the scientific literature. This article reviews the impacts of trekking pole use to provide a basis for further dialogue, and suggests how they may be altered or used in ways that will minimize impact.

  5. pbx is required for pole and eye regeneration in planarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chun-Chieh G; Wang, Irving E; Reddien, Peter W

    2013-02-01

    Planarian regeneration involves regionalized gene expression that specifies the body plan. After amputation, planarians are capable of regenerating new anterior and posterior poles, as well as tissues polarized along the anterior-posterior, dorsal-ventral and medial-lateral axes. Wnt and several Hox genes are expressed at the posterior pole, whereas Wnt inhibitory genes, Fgf inhibitory genes, and prep, which encodes a TALE-family homeodomain protein, are expressed at the anterior pole. We found that Smed-pbx (pbx for short), which encodes a second planarian TALE-family homeodomain transcription factor, is required for restored expression of these genes at anterior and posterior poles during regeneration. Moreover, pbx(RNAi) animals gradually lose pole gene expression during homeostasis. By contrast, pbx was not required for initial anterior-posterior polarized responses to wounds, indicating that pbx is required after wound responses for development and maintenance of poles during regeneration and homeostatic tissue turnover. Independently of the requirement for pbx in pole regeneration, pbx is required for eye precursor formation and, consequently, eye regeneration and eye replacement in homeostasis. Together, these data indicate that pbx promotes pole formation of body axes and formation of regenerative progenitors for eyes. PMID:23318641

  6. Poles Distribution of PVI Transcendents close to a Critical Point

    CERN Document Server

    Guzzetti, Davide

    2011-01-01

    The distribution of the poles of branches of the Painleve' VI transcendents associated to semi-simple Frobenius manifolds is determined close to a critical point. It is shown that the poles accumulate at the critical point, asymptotically along two rays. The example of the Frobenius manifold given by the quantum cohomology of the two-dimensional complex projective space is also considered.

  7. Pole distribution of PVI transcendents close to a critical point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzzetti, Davide

    2012-12-01

    The distribution of the poles of Painlevé VI transcendents associated to semi-simple Frobenius manifolds is determined close to a critical point. It is shown that the poles accumulate at the critical point, asymptotically along two rays. As an example, the Frobenius manifold given by the quantum cohomology of CP2 is considered. The general PVI is also considered.

  8. Secondary electron emission yield on poled silica based thick films

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braga, D.; Poumellec, B.; Cannas, V.;

    2004-01-01

    Studies on the distribution of the electric field produced by a thermal poling process in a layer of Ge-doped silica on silicon substrate, by using secondary electron emission yield (SEEY) measurements () are presented. Comparing 0 between poled and unpoled areas, the SEEY at the origin of electr...

  9. Control of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) infesting power poles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwood, Martin A; Westlake, Terry; Kathuria, Amrit

    2010-12-01

    A trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of termiticidal dusts (arsenic trioxide, triflumuron, and Metarhizium anisopliae), a timber fumigant (dazomet) and liquid termiticides (bifenthrin, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, fipronil, and imidacloprid) for controlling subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) infesting in-service power poles in New South Wales, Australia. Dusts were applied to parts of the pole where termites were present. Fumigant was inserted into holes drilled into the base of the pole. Liquid termiticides were mixed with soil around the base of the pole and injected into internal voids if present. Poles were inspected for up to 5 yr, and the time taken for reinfestation to occur was recorded. Before the start of the trial, the major Australian pole owners were surveyed to obtain an estimate of the annual national cost of termite infestation to the power supply industry. The annual costs of termite treatment and replacing damaged poles were estimated at AU$2 million and AU$13 million, respectively. Infestation rates were lower for all treatments compared with controls within the first 12 mo of the study. Dazomet, arsenic trioxide, fipronil, and chlorpyrifos were the most efficacious treatments. Efficacy was positively related to the amount of termiticide applied and negatively related to the infestation severity but was unaffected by geographical location. Survival curves were calculated of the time elapsed before the recurrence of termite infestations (survival absence of reinfestation). Survival was highest for poles treated with liquid termiticides. PMID:21309237

  10. Achieving pole-law inflation:the extreme inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Coule, D. H.

    1998-01-01

    The pre-big bang's inflationary mechanism, when allowance is made for the rapid change of Newton's constant, is not actually of pole-law form . We give examples where pole-law inflation, which requires violation of the weak-energy condition, is possible but unlikely due to its very unstable character.

  11. Regge Poles in Neutron Scattering by a Cylinder

    OpenAIRE

    Protasov, K. V.; Voronin, A. Y.

    2014-01-01

    We establish asymptotic expressions for the positions of Regge poles for cold neutron scattering on mesoscopic cylinder mirror as well as for the S -matrix residuals. We outline the correspondence between Regge poles and near-surface quasi-stationary neutron states. Such states are of practical importance for studying subtle effects of neutron-surface interaction.

  12. Regge Poles in Neutron Scattering by a Cylinder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We establish asymptotic expressions for the positions of Regge poles for cold neutron scattering on mesoscopic cylinder mirror as well as for the S-matrix residuals. We outline the correspondence between Regge poles and near-surface quasi-stationary neutron states. Such states are of practical importance for studying subtle effects of neutron-surface interaction

  13. Three Phase Soft Commutation Auxilary Resonant Pole Inverter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaclav Sladecek

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper covers the circuit modification of the power part of the inverter with auxiliary resonant poles utilising configuration of switches realised with routinely produced IGBT modules. Covered is also the control optimisation which goal is the minimisation of switching of the auxiliary resonant pole. Presented results were gained on a prototype of an inverter laboratory sample.

  14. Territorial Balancing of Poles of Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA POPESCU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is part of the study "Specific problems of the development of the settlement network in south-eastern Romania. Regions of development 3 (South, 4 (South-West and 8 (Bucharest-Ilfov" elaborated during 2004 – 2006, within the AMTRANS programme funded by the Ministry of Education and Research, coordinated by INCD – URBANPROIECT in partnership with the Institute of Geography of the Romanian Academy and the Qualification in Statistics National Centre. The general objective of the project was sustainable and balanced spatial development of the settlement network and promotion of new relationships between urban and rural. Concretely, the study has produced a model of a polycentric and balanced settlement network according to the European principles. The case study testing and validating this model took place in southern Romania, territory exhibiting acutely the entire range of problems related to the state of the settlement network: profoundly large rural areas, accentuated dynamics of declaring new cities without sufficient evidence, excessive polarization exercised by Bucharest, etc. The paper presents the intervention directions needed to balance in the territory urban poles within the studied area, focusing on the establishment of orientation policies to consolidate the role of each settlement based on the hierarchical level of importance: European, national, regional, and local. The paper also identifies possible functional urban areas: the metropolitan area of Bucharest, areas of potential strategic integration, areas of cooperation between the small and medium-sized cities and the rural regions. Within each of these areas, the paper proposes to establish new relationships between urban and rural based on partnership, involving cooperation and coordination in achieving common goals.The study considers that the poles of development are the key element of proposed model, and their identification, formation, and balanced distribution

  15. Rotor Pole Pitch Factor Influence on the Operation Parameters of a 9/10 Pole Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazăr Florin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is aimed to determine the pole pitch factor influence on the operating parameters for the considered structure. Transient analysis is used to obtain the results for each of the studied pole pitch factor. The results concern the cogging torque values, the back EMF, medium torque and torque ripple values.

  16. Pole-factorization theorem in quantum electrodynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In quantum electrodynamics a classical part of the S-matrix is normally factored out in order to obtain a quantum remainder that can be treated perturbatively without the occurrence of infrared divergences. However, this separation, as usually performed, introduces spurious large-distance effects that produce an apparent breakdown of the important correspondence between stable particles and poles of the S-matrix, and, consequently, lead to apparent violations of the correspondence principle and to incorrect results for computations in the mesoscopic domain lying between the atomic and classical regimes. An improved computational technique is described that allows valid results to be obtained in this domain, and that leads, for the quantum remainder, in the cases studied, to a physical-region singularity structure that, as regards the most singular parts, is the same as the normal physical-region analytic structure in theories in which all particles have non-zero mass. The key innovations here are to define the classical part in coordinate space, rather than in momentum space, and to define there a separation of the photon-electron coupling into its classical and quantum parts that has the following properties: (1) The contributions from the terms containing only classical couplings can be summed to all orders to give a unitary operator that generates the coherent state that corresponds to the appropriate classical process, and (2) The quantum remainder can be rigorously shown to exhibit, as regards its most singular parts, the normal analytic structure. 22 refs

  17. Fixing the Pole in the Pyramid

    CERN Document Server

    Banks, Tom; Kathrein, Scott

    2009-01-01

    We revisit the problem of the hidden sector Landau pole in the Pyramid Scheme. There is a fixed line in the plane of hidden sector gauge coupling and a Yukawa coupling between the trianon fields. We postulate that the couplings flow to this line, at a point where the hidden sector gauge coupling is close to the strong coupling edge of its perturbative regime. Below the masses of the heavier trianons, the model quickly flows to a confining N_F=N_C=3 supersymmetric gauge theory, as required by phenomenological considerations. We study possible discrete R-symmetries, which guarantee, among other things, that the basin of attraction of the fixed line has full co-dimension in the space of R-allowed couplings. The Yukawa couplings required to get the fixed line violate the pyrma-baryon symmetries we invoked in previous work to find a dark matter candidate. Omitting one of them, we have a dark matter candidate, and an acceptable RG flow down from the unification scale, if the confinement scale of the hidden sector g...

  18. GUIDELESS SPATIAL COORDINATE MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGY BASED ON CODING POLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Min; QIU Zongming; QU Jiamin; LIU Hongzhao

    2008-01-01

    A new method of guideless spatial coordinate measurement technology based on coding pole and vision measurement is proposed. Unequal spacing of bar code is adopted to pole, so that the code combination of pole image in measuring field is unique. Holographic characteristics of numeric coding pole are adopted to obtain pole pose and pole probe position by any section of bar code on the pole. Spatial coordinates of measuring points can be obtained by coordinate transform. The contradiction between high resolution and large visual field of image sensor is resolved, thereby providing a new concept for surface shape measurement of large objects with high precision. The measurement principles of the system are expounded and mathematic model is established. The measurement equation is evaluated by simulation experiments and the measurement precision is analyzed. Theoretical analysis and simulation experiments prove that this system is characterized by simple structure and wide measurement range. Therefore it can be used in the 3-dimentional coordinate measurement of large objects.

  19. Traditions connected with the pole shift model of the Pleistocene

    OpenAIRE

    Woelfli, Willy; Baltensperger, Walter

    2010-01-01

    As is well known, during the Last Glacial Maximum, about 20'000 years ago, the ice was asymmetrically distributed around the present North Pole. It reached the region of New York, while east Siberia remained ice free. Mammoths lived in arctic regions of east Siberia, where now their food cannot grow. Therefore the globe must have been turned in such a way that the North Pole was in Greenland. The required rapid geographic pole shift at the end of the ice ages has been shown to be physically p...

  20. Domain wall width of lithium niobate poled during growth

    CERN Document Server

    Brooks, R; Hole, D E; Callejo, D; Bermudez, V; Diéguez, E

    2003-01-01

    Good quality crystals of periodically poled lithium niobate can be generated directly during growth. However, the temperature gradients at the zone boundaries define the width of the regions where the polarity is reversed. Hence, the region influenced the domain transition may be a significant fraction of the overall poling period for material poled during growth. Evidence for the scale of this feature is reported both by chemical etching and by the less common method of ion beam luminescence and the 'domain wall' width approximately 1 mu m for these analyses. The influence of the reversal region may differ for alternative techniques but the relevance to device design for second harmonic generation is noted.

  1. The Pole Balancing Problem with Enzymatic Numerical P Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Llorente Rivera, Domingo; Gutiérrez Naranjo, Miguel Ángel

    2015-01-01

    Pole balancing is a control benchmark widely used in engineering. It involves a pole a xed to a cart via a joint which allows movement along a single axis. In this problem, the movement of the cart is restricted to the horizontal axis by a track and the pole is free to move about the horizontal axis of the pivot. The system is extremely unstable and, the cart must be in constant movement in order to preserve the equilibrium and avoid the fall of the pendulum. In this paper, ...

  2. B physics at the Z0 pole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SLC has been running at SLAC since April 1989, and more than 100 Z0 events have been reconstructed. Soon the new European facility at CERN-LEP will also turn on, and by the end of the year we anticipate that more than 10,000 Z0 events will have been registered by each of the four LEP detectors. Most of the experimental facilities at these two machines are equipped with excellent particle tracking and identification. Some have close-in tracking devices that will provide unparalleled precision in trajectory reconstruction, and lead to the possibility of identifying a large proportion of the charmed and beauty particles. Not only does the Z0 pole offer a relatively large production cross section fro e+e- machines, but a large proportion of the events (approximately 22 percent of the hadronic events) are b bar b pairs. The relative cross section for e+e- → z0 → b bar b is shown in comparison to the Y4s and Y5s. One sees from this figure that a gain of six or more is obtained from running at the Z0. An SLC producing 105 events per year yields 20,000 b bar b events. Similarly, for LEP (running an order of magnitude higher in luminosity), over 200,000 b bar b events will become available per year. In addition, the planned upgrade for LEP will increase its luminosity by about an order of magnitude, and the SLC will run with polarized electron beams. In this paper the physics is studied from these event samples fall into two general categories: tests of the Standard Model; and studies of B-mesons and B-baryons, including lifetimes, mixing, spectroscopy, and CP violation

  3. Simulating CO2 profiles using NIES TM and comparison with HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Song

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a study on validation of the National Institute for Environmental Studies Transport Model (NIES TM by comparing to observed vertical profiles of atmospheric CO2. The model uses a hybrid sigma-isentropic (σ–θ vertical coordinate that employs both terrain-following and isentropic parts switched smoothly in the stratosphere. The model transport is driven by reanalyzed meteorological fields and designed to simulate seasonal and diurnal cycles, synoptic variations, and spatial distributions of atmospheric chemical constituents in the troposphere. The model simulations were run for biosphere, fossil fuel, air–ocean exchange, biomass burning and inverse correction fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2 by GOSAT Level 4 product. We compared the NIES TM simulated fluxes with data from the HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO Merged 10 s Meteorology, Atmospheric Chemistry, and Aerosol Data, including HIPPO-1, HIPPO-2 and HIPPO-3 from 128.0° E to −84.0° W, and 87.0° N to −67.2° S. The simulation results were compared with CO2 observations made in January and November 2009, and March and April 2010. The analysis attests that the model is good enough to simulate vertical profiles with errors generally within 1–2 ppmv, except for the lower stratosphere in the Northern Hemisphere high latitudes.

  4. CCD-Photometry and Pole Coordinates for Eight Asteroids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevchenko, V. G.; Tungalag, N.; Chiorny, V. G.; Gaftonyuk, N. M.; Krugly, Y. N.; Harris, A. W.; Young, J. W.

    2012-05-01

    The long time photometric observations were carried out for eight asteroids: (122) Gerda, (153) Hilda, (190) Ismene, (221) Eos, (411) Xanthe, (679) Pax, (700) Auravictrix, (787) Moskva. For the observed asteroids were determined new pole coordinates.

  5. China Becomes Growth Pole of Global Milk Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ It was recently learnt from China Association of Milk Industry, the developing trend of the global milk industry indicates that,China has become the growth pole of the future development of the global milk industry.

  6. TOUGHENING OF FERROELECTRICS BY THE OUT-OF-PLANE POLING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨卫; 方菲

    2003-01-01

    Subjected to the prior out-of-plane poling, the ferroelectrics can be toughened considerably. The present paper describes the variation of the stress intensity factor (SIF) by 90° switching in ferroelectrics. The analysis is carried out for the combined mechanical and electrical loading, with simple relations obtained for the case of the purely electrical loading. The out-of-plane poling is found to raise the SIF for the crack initiation, but appreciably reduces the SIF for the crack growth in a steady state. More stable fracture resistance curves can be achieved by the out-of-plane poling. This prediction is supported quantitatively by the testing data of SENB specimens of PZT-5 samples, when the toughening effects of polings in three orthogonal directions are compared.

  7. Cassini Observes the Active South Pole of Enceladus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porco, C. C.; Helfenstein P.; Thomas, P. C.; Ingersoll, A. P.; Wisdom, J.; West, R.; Neukum, G.; Denk, T.; Wagner, R.; Roatsch, T.; Kieffer, S.; Turtle, E.; McEwen, A.; Johnson, T. V.; Rathbun, J.; Veverka, J.; Wilson, D.; Perry, J.; Spitale, J.; Brahic, A.; Burns, J. A.; DelGenio, A. D.; Dones, L.; Murray, C. D.; Squyres, S.

    2007-01-01

    Cassini has identified a geologically active province a the south pole of Saturn's moon Enceladus. The shape of Enceladus suggests a possible intense heating epoch in the past by capture into a 1:4 secondary spin/orbit resonance.

  8. Pacific Albacore Troll and Pole-and-line Fisheries

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The North Pacific and South Pacific Albacore Troll and Pole-and-line Fisheries project contains landings, logbooks, and size composition data from U.S.A. troll and...

  9. Pole Term and Gauge Invariance in Deep Inelastic Scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Batiz, Z; Batiz, Zoltan; Gross, Franz

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we reconcile two contradictory statements about deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in manifestly covariant theories: (i) the scattering must be gauge invariant, even in the deep inelastic limit, and (ii) the pole term (which is not gauge invariant in a covariant theory) dominates the scattering amplitude in the deep inelastic limit. An ``intermediate'' answer is found to be true. We show that, at all energies, the gauge dependent part of the pole term cancels the gauge dependent part of the rescattering term, so that both the pole and rescattering terms can be separately redefined in a gauge invariant fashion. The resulting, redefined pole term is then shown to dominate the scattering in the deep inelastic limit. Details are worked out for a simple example in 1+1 dimensions.

  10. Distinguishing cusp effects and near-threshold-pole effects

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Zhi-Yong

    2015-01-01

    We make use of a unitarized coupled-channel model to analyze the mass distribution data of final states in production processes of $X(4260)$. By analyzing the analytical structures of the decay amplitudes, we find that the line shape of $Z_c(3900)$ signal is related to the combined effect of a pair of near-threshold "shadow" poles and the $(D\\bar{D}^*)^\\pm$ thresholds, in which the third-sheet pole might provide a dominant contribution. As all the coupled channels effects are tuning off, the trajectories of these two poles suggest that the $Z_c(3900)$ might originate from the attractive interaction of $(D^*\\bar{D}^*)^\\pm$ through a long-distance interaction, $e.g.$ $\\pi$-exchange interaction, as a "deuteron-like" state. There is no nearby pole structure corresponding to the $Z_c(4025)$ signal in the $(D^*\\bar{D}^*)^\\pm$ mass distribution.

  11. Stability of pole solutions for planar propagating flames

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that the partial differential equation (PDE) describing the dynamics of a hydrodynamically unstable planar flame front admits exact pole solutions. For such solutions, the original PDE can be reduced to a set of ordinary differential equations (ODE close-quote s). The situation, however, is paradoxical since the steady solutions obtained by numerically integrating the PDE differ, in general, from the exact solutions governed by the ODE close-quote s. For example, if the initial condition is a one-pole steady solution, provided that the size of the domain considered is larger than a (small) critical length, the number of poles increases with time in the PDE while it remains constant in the ODE close-quote s. In previous studies, this generation of poles was thus believed to be an artifact or product of external noise, rather than a dynamical process intrinsic to the PDE. In this paper, we show that the phenomenon is due to the fact that most exact steady pole solutions are unstable for the PDE. In certain cases, such solutions are unstable for the ODE close-quote s, in other cases, they are neutrally stable for the ODE close-quote s but unstable for the PDE. The only steady pole solutions which are neutrally stable for both the ODE close-quote s and the PDE correspond to small interval lengths; both their number of poles and propagation speed are maximal (among all possible steady solutions corresponding to the interval considered) and all their poles are aligned on the same vertical axis in the complex plane (i.e., such solutions are coalescent). For a given interval of small length, there is only one such solution (up to translation symmetry). copyright 1996 The American Physical Society

  12. Diffraction Profile Pole Figures Measured with a Position Sensitive Detector

    OpenAIRE

    Wcislak, L.; Bunge, H.J.

    1996-01-01

    Pole figures in the classical sense are defined by the integral intensities of Bragg reflections. The conventional technique of pole figure measurement uses a single detector (usually a scintillation counter) with a wide receiving slit where the integral intensity of a given Bragg reflection is obtained directly. The usage of a position sensitive detector instead of a single detector allows to measure whole diffraction profiles simultaneously. Integral intensities of the diffraction peaks can...

  13. Weakly polarization dependent electro-optic effect in poled silica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arentoft, Jesper; Pedersen, K.; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.;

    1999-01-01

    A ratio between c(2)33 and c(2)31 less than 3 is observed in measurements of the linear electro-optic effect and second-harmonic generation of poled silica.......A ratio between c(2)33 and c(2)31 less than 3 is observed in measurements of the linear electro-optic effect and second-harmonic generation of poled silica....

  14. Decentralized-feedback pole placement of linear systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, X.; Martin, C. F.; Gilliam, D.; Byrnes, C. I.

    1992-01-01

    A projectile product spaces model is used to analyze decentralized systems. The degree of the pole placement map is computed. The conditions under which the degree is odd are also given. Twin lift systems are studied. It is proved that the poles of a twin lift system can be assigned to any values by local static and local dynamic feedback laws if and only if the system is jointly controllable.

  15. Effect of resistance on performance in double poling

    OpenAIRE

    Sagen, Gard Olve

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what effect resistance would have on performance in double poling, with focus on power output, physiological responses and myoelectric activation. 6 elite male cross country skiers were exposed to simulated double poling in a Concept II Ski Ergometer at two different resistances, respectively low and high. The major findings were that power output significantly increased with the higher resistance, as well as work per cycle. These findings are prev...

  16. Systems design of a hybrid sail pole-sitter

    OpenAIRE

    Ceriotti, Matteo; McInnes, Colin R.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the preliminary systems design of a pole-sitter. This is a spacecraft that hovers over an Earth pole, creating a platform for full hemispheric observation of the polar regions, as well as direct-link telecommunications. To provide the necessary thrust, a hybrid propulsion system combines a solar sail with a more mature solar electric propulsion (SEP) thruster. Previous work by the authors showed that the combination of the two allows lower propellant mass fractions, at the...

  17. Poling-assisted bleaching of metal-doped nanocomposite glass

    OpenAIRE

    Deparis, O.; Kazansky, P. G.; Abdolvand, A.; Podlipensky, A.; Seifert, G.; Graener, H

    2004-01-01

    Thermal poling of soda-lime glass which was doped with spherical or ellipsoidal silver nanoparticles has revealed what we believe to be a phenomenon of general interest in the physics of nanocomposite materials: The field-assisted dissolution of metal nanoparticles embedded in glass. Macroscopically, this phenomenon manifested itself as poling-assisted bleaching of the glass in the sense that the glass became more (or even completely) transparent under the anode. The phenomenon is physically ...

  18. Gamma Oscillations in the Temporal Pole in Response to Eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Wataru; Kochiyama, Takanori; Uono, Shota; Matsuda, Kazumi; Usui, Keiko; Usui, Naotaka; Inoue, Yushi; Toichi, Motomi

    2016-01-01

    The eyes of an individual act as an indispensable communication medium during human social interactions. Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed that several brain regions are activated in response to eyes and eye gaze direction changes. However, it remains unclear whether the temporal pole is one of these regions. Furthermore, if the temporal pole is activated by these stimuli, the timing and manner in which it is activated also remain unclear. To investigate these issues, we analyzed intracranial electroencephalographic data from the temporal pole that were obtained during the presentation of eyes and mosaics in averted or straight directions and their directional changes. Time-frequency statistical parametric mapping analyses revealed that the bilateral temporal poles exhibited greater gamma-band activation beginning at 215 ms in response to eyes compared with mosaics, irrespective of the direction. Additionally, the right temporal pole showed greater gamma-band activation beginning at 197 ms in response to directional changes of the eyes compared with mosaics. These results suggest that gamma-band oscillations in the temporal pole were involved in the processing of the presence of eyes and changes in eye gaze direction at a relatively late temporal stage compared with the posterior cortices. PMID:27571204

  19. SIMPOLE – SIMULATION OF WOOD POLES MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telmo F. M. Morgado,

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Generation of virtual poles, based on the statistical distribution of selected visual and physical properties, and the estimation of their mechanical properties are of great help for predicting the quality of the roundwood that a forest stand can provide. With this objective in mind, an algorithm, SIMPOLE (SIMulator of POLEs, was developed. This algorithm allows the generation of pole’s geometry, as well as the mechanical properties of clear wood and the distribution of knots along its length. This generation is made through statistical distributions. The generated poles are simulated, either according to standard EN14251 or according to EN14229, for testing with simple supported beam conditions or with cantilever beam conditions, respectively. The algorithm outputs are: the bending strength, the modulus of elasticity, the location, and cause of failure. The algorithm was calibrated with a sample of 56 maritime pine utility poles and validated with another sample of 57 small diameter maritime pine poles. The results for the validation sample show: for bending strength, a mean error of 16.9%, and for modulus of elasticity, a mean error of 17.2%. Based on these results, the algorithm shows potential to estimate mechanical characteristics of small diameter poles from a forest.

  20. International Youth Conference on the Poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, A. K.; Kuhn, T. S.; Baeseman, J.; Garmulewicz, A.; Raymond, M.; Salmon, R.

    2006-12-01

    The International Polar Year (IPY) is an international effort, involving more than 50 countries, to focus research in both the sciences and social sciences on the world's Polar Regions. In order to secure youth involvement in the IPY, the Youth Steering Committee (YSC) has been formed, aiming specifically to network young polar researchers from all backgrounds enabling collaboration and to involve this group in outreach focused towards other young people. A conference targeted directly at an audience of early career researchers and international youth will be central to fulfilling these aims. The YSC has therefore developed the concept of the International Youth Conference on the Poles (IYCP). Proposed for 2008, this conference will bring together youth from a diverse set of backgrounds and nationalities to discuss the issues affecting the Polar Regions, their effects on a global scale and ways of addressing these issues. The conference will also serve to highlight ongoing IPY research, especially research being undertaken by young researchers, and provide a perennial framework for youth involvement in polar research and policies. The IYCP will run for three days in May 2008, attracting an international youth audience, as well as representatives from polar organizations, teachers, politicians, policy makers, the general public and media. The IYCP will be divided into three sections. Youth Roundtable Discussions will bring youth together to discuss issues affecting the Polar Regions and potential solutions to these. A Young Researchers Conference will provide the opportunity for young researchers working in the Polar Regions to present their work to an interdisciplinary audience. The Polar Fair will provide an interactive environment for youth to learn about the Polar Regions. The IYCP will be of great importance to the IPY because it will serve as the principle venue during the Polar Year where youth from many different disciplines, backgrounds and countries will

  1. Optimal pole shifting controller for interconnected power system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → Mathematical model represents a power system which consists of synchronous machine connected to infinite bus through transmission line. → Power system stabilizer was designed based on optimal pole shifting controller. → The system performances was tested through load disturbances at different operating conditions. → The system performance with the proposed optimal pole shifting controller is compared with the conventional pole placement controller. → The digital simulation results indicated that the proposed controller has a superior performance. -- Abstract: Power system stabilizer based on optimal pole shifting is proposed. An approach for shifting the real parts of the open-loop poles to any desired positions while preserving the imaginary parts is presented. In each step of this approach, it is required to solve a first-order or a second-order linear matrix Lyapunov equation for shifting one real pole or two complex conjugate poles, respectively. This presented method yields a solution, which is optimal with respect to a quadratic performance index. The attractive feature of this method is that it enables solutions of the complex problem to be easily found without solving any non-linear algebraic Riccati equation. The present power system stabilizer is based on Riccati equation approach. The control law depends on finding the feedback gain matrix, and then the control signal is synthesized by multiplying the state variables of the power system with determined gain matrix. The gain matrix is calculated one time only, and it works over wide range of operating conditions. To validate the power of the proposed PSS, a linearized model of a simple power system consisted of a single synchronous machine connected to infinite bus bar through transmission line is simulated. The studied power system is subjected to various operating points and power system parameters changes.

  2. POLE mutations in families predisposed to cutaneous melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aoude, Lauren G; Heitzer, Ellen; Johansson, Peter;

    2015-01-01

    Germline mutations in the exonuclease domain of POLE have been shown to predispose to colorectal cancers and adenomas. POLE is an enzyme involved in DNA repair and chromosomal DNA replication. In order to assess whether such mutations might also predispose to cutaneous melanoma, we interrogated w...... melanoma. In addition, we found the first mutation outside the exonuclease domain, p.(Gln520Arg), in a family with an extensive history of colorectal cancer.......Germline mutations in the exonuclease domain of POLE have been shown to predispose to colorectal cancers and adenomas. POLE is an enzyme involved in DNA repair and chromosomal DNA replication. In order to assess whether such mutations might also predispose to cutaneous melanoma, we interrogated...... whole-genome and exome data from probands of 34 melanoma families lacking pathogenic mutations in known high penetrance melanoma susceptibility genes: CDKN2A, CDK4, BAP1, TERT, POT1, ACD and TERF2IP. We found a novel germline mutation, POLE p.(Trp347Cys), in a 7-case cutaneous melanoma family...

  3. Revisiting the pole tide for and from satellite altimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, Shailen; Wahr, John; Beckley, Brian

    2015-12-01

    Satellite altimeter sea surface height observations include the geocentric displacements caused by the pole tide, namely the response of the solid Earth and oceans to polar motion. Most users of these data remove these effects using a model that was developed more than 20 years ago. We describe two improvements to the pole tide model for satellite altimeter measurements. Firstly, we recommend an approach that improves the model for the response of the oceans by including the effects of self-gravitation, loading, and mass conservation. Our recommended approach also specifically includes the previously ignored displacement of the solid Earth due to the load of the ocean response, and includes the effects of geocenter motion. Altogether, this improvement amplifies the modeled geocentric pole tide by 15 %, or up to 2 mm of sea surface height displacement. We validate this improvement using two decades of satellite altimeter measurements. Secondly, we recommend that the altimetry pole tide model exclude geocentric sea surface displacements resulting from the long-term drift in polar motion. The response to this particular component of polar motion requires a more rigorous approach than is used by conventional models. We show that erroneously including the response to this component of polar motion in the pole tide model impacts interpretation of regional sea level rise by ± 0.25 mm/year.

  4. Standard project for pole-figure determination by neutron diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an effort to evaluate the reliability of pole-figure measurements, a sample of experimentally deformed polycrystalline calcite was circulated among nine neutron diffraction facilities. This report compares results of the project both in terms of experimental pole figures and three-dimensional orientation distributions. In general textures agree very closely. For pole figures with strong diffraction intensities, standard deviations from the mean are 0.04-0.06 m.r.d. (multiples of a random distribution) with a spread of maxima values of 0.18 m.r.d. The spread is considerably larger for pole figures with weak diffraction intensities (0.37 m.r.d. for 110) and so are standard deviations (0.20 m.r.d.). For weak diffraction peaks one-dimensional position-sensitive detectors have an advantage over single-tube detectors. Two-dimensional position-sensitive detectors combined with time of flight (TOF) offer new possibilities but data processing needs to be improved. Greater care must be devoted to angle conventions: Four of nine pole figures were inverted. This study can provide a basis for quantitative texture analysis and estimation of experimental uncertainties. (orig.)

  5. Assessment of Pole Erosion in a Magnetically Shielded Hall Thruster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikellides, Ioannis G.; Ortega, Alejandro L.

    2014-01-01

    Numerical simulations of a 6-kW laboratory Hall thruster called H6 have been performed to quantify the erosion rate at the inner pole. The assessments have been made in two versions of the thruster, namely the unshielded (H6US) and magnetically shielded (H6MS) configurations. The simulations have been performed with the 2-D axisymmetric code Hall2De which employs a new multi-fluid ion algorithm to capture the presence of low-energy ions in the vicinity of the poles. It is found that the maximum computed erosion rate at the inner pole of the H6MS exceeds the measured rate of back-sputtered deposits by 4.5 times. This explains only part of the surface roughening that was observed after a 150-h wear test, which covered most of the pole area exposed to the plasma. For the majority of the pole surface the computed erosion rates are found to be below the back-sputter rate and comparable to those in the H6US which exhibited little to no sputtering in previous tests. Possible explanations for the discrepancy are discussed.

  6. Poles in the Dutch Cape Colony 1652-1814

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kowalski Mariusz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of Poles to the colonisation and development of the Dutch Cape Colony is not commonly known. Yet, Poles have been appearing in this colony since its very inception (1652. During the entire period considered here the presence of Poles was the result of the strong economic ties between Poland and the Netherlands. At the end of this period there was an increase in their share, in connection with the presence of numerous alien military units on the territory of the Colony, because of Poles having served in these units. Numerous newcomers from Poland settled in South Africa for good, established families, and their progeny made up part of the local society. The evidence of this phenomenon is provided by the present-day Afrikaner families of, for instance, Drotsky, Kitshoff, Kolesky, Latsky, Masuriek, Troskie, Zowitsky, and others. A quite superficial estimation implies that the settlers coming from Poland could make up a bit over 1% of the ancestors of the present-day Afrikaners. Poles would also participate in the pioneering undertakings within the far-off fringes of the Colony, including the robbery-and-trade expedition of 1702.

  7. Global plate tectonics and the secular motion of the pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler, T.

    1977-01-01

    Astronomical data compiled during the last 70 years by the international organizations providing the coordinates of the instantaneous pole clearly shows a persistent drift of the mean pole. The differential contributions to the earth's second-order tensor of inertia were obtained and applied, resulting in no significant displacement of the earth's principal axis. In view of the above, the effect that theoretical geophysical models for absolute plate velocities may have on an apparent displacement of the mean pole as a consequence of station drifting was analyzed. The investigation also reports new values for the crustal tensor of inertia (assuming an ellipsoidal earth) and the orientation of its axis of figure, reopening the old speculation of a possible sliding of the whole crustover the upper mantle, including the supporting geophysical and astronomic evidence.

  8. PLANNING THE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR TIMISOARA GROWTH POLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălina-Livia POPA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show that planning the quality of life at local level through economic development can be a new approach for policy makers and community in improving quality of life. In this purpose, the Quality Function Deployment (QFD model will be use to planning the quality of life and to identify the main directions of economic development to support improving the quality of life at the level of Timisoara Growth Pole from Romania. The dimensions of quality of life are analyzed starting from the point of view of inhabitants. The results include a new approach in which the dimensions of quality of life are the key element that orients economic development in order to improve the quality of life of human being. The case study results refer to the main elements of quality of life at Timisoara Growth Pole and the relevant directions of economic development to improve the quality of life for Timisoara Growth Pole.

  9. A HIGH PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUE FOR POLE BALANCING PROBLEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahadır KARASULU

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available High performance computing techniques can be used effectively for solution of the complex scientific problems. Pole balancing problem is a basic benchmark tool of robotic field, which is an important field of Artificial Intelligence research areas. In this study, a solution is developed for pole balancing problem using Artificial Neural Network (ANN and high performance computation technique. Algorithm, that basis of the Reinforcement Learning method which is used to find the force of pole's balance, is transfered to parallel environment. In Implementation, C is preferred as programming language and Message Passing Interface (MPI is used for parallel computation technique. Self–Organizing Map (SOM ANN model's neurons (artificial neural nodes and their weights are distributed to six processors of a server computer which equipped with each quad core processor (total 24 processors. In this way, performance values are obtained for different number of artificial neural nodes. Success of method based on results is discussed.

  10. Ising Spectroscopy II: Particles and poles at T>Tc

    CERN Document Server

    Zamolodchikov, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    I discuss particle content of the Ising field theory (the scaling limit of the Ising model in a magnetic field), in particular the evolution of its mass spectrum under the change of the scaling parameter. I consider both real and pure imaginary magnetic field. Here I address the high-temperature regime, where the spectrum of stable particles is relatively simple (there are from one to three particles, depending on the parameter). My goal is to understand analytic continuations of the masses to the domain of the parameter where they no longer exist as the stable particles. I use the natural tool -- the $2\\to 2$ elastic scattering amplitude, with its poles associated with the stable particles, virtual and resonance states in a standard manner. Concentrating attention on the "real" poles (those corresponding to stable and virtual states) I propose a scenario on how the pattern of the poles evolves from the integrable point $T=T_c,\\ H\

  11. Third Pole Environment (TPE): a new frontier for interdisciplinary research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Z.; Yao, T.; Thompson, L. G.; Mosbrugger, V.; Zhang, F.; Ma, Y.; Yang, X.; Wang, W.; Joswiak, D.; Liu, X.; Devkota, L. P.; Tayal, S.; Luo, T.

    2013-12-01

    The Tibetan Plateau and surrounding mountain ranges, referred to by scientists as the Third Pole (TP), represent one of the largest ice masses of the Earth. The region is one of the most sensitive areas responding to global climate change due to its high altitude and the presence of permafrost and glaciers. The near 100,000 km2 of glaciers ensure the permanent flow of major rivers in this region and provide water to 1.4 billion people in Asia. Thus, environmental changes taking place on the TP significantly influences social and economic development of countries in this region such as China, India, Nepal, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bhutan. With an average elevation higher than 4,000 metres above sea level, the Third Pole is characterized by complex interactions of atmospheric, cryospheric, hydrological, geological and environmental processes that bear special significance for the Earth's biodiversity, climate and water cycles. For a comprehensive understanding of the environment of the TP and its implications on the development of the region, we need to integrate different disciplines under a them of 'water-ice-air-ecosystem -human' interactions and reveal environmental change processes and mechanisms on the TP and their influences on and regional responses to global changes, and thus to serve for enhancement of human adaptation to the changing environment. Like Antarctica and the Arctic, the Third Pole region is drawing increased attention of the international academic community. A series of observations and monitoring programs in the Third Pole region has been widely implemented. However, data necessary to precisely assess the environmental, societal and economic changes caused by alterations in the Third Pole dynamics are either lacking or insufficient. The Third Pole Environment (TPE) program is thus established as a comprehensive and coordinated international research, monitoring and capacity building initiative, with goals to address the influence

  12. Second-harmonic scanning optical microscopy of poled silica waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kjeld; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; Arentoft, Jesper;

    2000-01-01

    Second-harmonic scanning optical microscopy (SHSOM) is performed on electric-field poled silica-based waveguides. Two operation modes of SHSOM are considered. Oblique transmission reflection and normal reflection modes are used to image the spatial distribution of nonlinear susceptibilities in the...... limitations of the two operation modes when used for SHSOM studies of poled silica-based waveguides are discussed. The influence of surface defects on the resulting second-harmonic images is also considered. ©2000 American Institute of Physics....

  13. Model for Formation of Dunes at the North Martian Pole

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jie; CHEN Chu-Xin

    2010-01-01

    @@ The Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera(MOC)took images of a series of strange horseshoe-shaped dunes at the North Martian pole in 2004.These dunes would be formed due to the strong Martian winds whose pattern is different from that on the Earth.We study the cause of the formation of these dunes and make a model for them.In this model,wind speed near the north Martian pole can be evaluated based on the shape of the dunes.We also estimate the surpassing speed of dunes of different sizes.

  14. Traumatic amputation of the left lower renal pole in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four children between 5 and 10 years old suffered traumatic amputation of the left lower renal pole following flank trauma. All patients were evaluated with excretory urography and isotope renography. The renal scan clearly demonstrated failure of perfusion of the lower renal pole and urinary extravasation, and was believed to be more valuable than the standard excretory urogram as a diagnostic tool. All children were managed similarly: delayed (72 to 96 hours) exploration, simple removal of the amputated segment and insertion of a Penrose drain. They all have done well. The patients were normotensive at followup and had excellent function of the remaining portion of the kidney

  15. Poles Living in Ireland and their Quality of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka NOLKA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The economic growth of Ireland resulted in a significant number of Poles migrating to Ireland following the EU enlargement in 2004. The article explores the quality of life of Poles living in Ireland. Using data from a preliminary survey conducted in 2006, several dimensions of living conditions are analysed, including interpersonal relations, material security, health and healthcare. The study shows that evaluations of almost all aspects of quality of life improved, apart from components such as healthcare and the ability to acquire help from social organisations. Also interpersonal relations, contrary to the initial assumption, were enhanced by migration to Ireland.

  16. Induction Motor with Switchable Number of Poles and Toroidal Winding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNTEANU, A.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of an induction motor provided with toroidal stator winding. The ring-type coils offer a higher versatility in obtaining a different number of pole pairs by means of delta/star and series/parallel connections respectively. As consequence, the developed torque can vary within large limits and the motor can be utilized for applications that require, for example, high load torque values for a short time. The study involves experimental tests and FEM simulation for an induction machine with three configurations of pole pairs. The conclusions attest the superiority of the toroidal winding for certain applications such as electric vehicles or lifting machines.

  17. Paleo-Pole Positions from Martian Magnetic Anomaly Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frawley, James J.; Taylor, Patrick T.

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic component anomaly maps were made from five mapping cycles of the Mars Global Surveyor's magnetometer data. Our goal was to find and isolate positive and negative anomaly pairs which would indicate magnetization of a single source body. From these anomalies we could compute the direction of the magnetizing vector and subsequently the location of the magnetic pole existing at the time of magnetization. We found nine suitable anomaly pairs and from these we computed paleo-poles that were nearly equally divided between north, south and mid-latitudes. These results suggest that during the existence of the martian main magnetic field it experienced several reversals and excursions.

  18. Is it possible to reduce the knee joint compression force during level walking with hiking poles?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, S B; Henriksen, M; Aaboe, J; Hansen, L; Simonsen, E B; Alkjaer, T

    2010-01-01

    Walking with hiking poles has become a popular way of exercising. Walking with poles is advocated as a physical activity that significantly reduces the loading of the hip, knee and ankle joints. We have previously observed that pole walking does not lead to a reduction of the load on the knee joint....... However, it is unclear whether an increased force transmitted through the poles can reduce the load on the knee joint. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if an increased load transmitted through the arms to the poles could reduce the knee joint compression force during level walking...... with poles. We hypothesized that an increased pole force would result in a reduction of the knee joint compression force. Gait analyses from 10 healthy subjects walking with poles were obtained. The pole force was measured simultaneously during the gait analyses. The knee joint compression forces were...

  19. Kick, Glide, Pole! Cross-Country Skiing Fun (Part II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duoos, Bridget A.

    2012-01-01

    Part I of Kick, Glide, Pole! Cross-Country Skiing Fun, which was published in last issue, discussed how to select cross-country ski equipment, dress for the activity and the biomechanics of the diagonal stride. Part II focuses on teaching the diagonal stride technique and begins with a progression of indoor activities. Incorporating this fun,…

  20. Charge quantisation without magnetic poles: A topological approach to electromagnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solha, Romero

    2016-01-01

    The present work provides a theoretical explanation for the quantisation of electric charges, an open problem since Millikan's oil drop experiment in 1909. This explanation is based solely on Maxwell's theory, it recasts Electromagnetic theory under the language of complex line bundles; therefore, neither magnetic poles nor quantum mechanics are invoked.

  1. The triple-pole pomeron: Regge theory and DGLAP evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Soyez, G.

    2003-01-01

    We will explain how it is possible to link Regge theory with DGLAP evolution using a triple-pole pomeron model. We will first show that Regge theory can be used to constrain the initial condition for DGLAP evolution. We will then spell out a method to extract Regge couplings at high Q^2 using DGLAP evolution.

  2. Type II parametric downconversion in a poled fiber

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Eric Y.; Lee-Kim Koon, Edward A.; Qian, Lee-Kim; Helt, L. G.; Liscidini, Marco; Sipe, J. E.; Corbari, Costantino; Canagasabey, Albert; Ibsen, Morten; Kazansky, Peter G.

    2011-01-01

    We report photon-pair generation at the 1.5-?m telecom band via continuous-wave type-II parametric downconversion in a birefringent periodically-poled silica fiber. The time- and polarization-correlations of the downconverted light are examined

  3. Poling process optimization of piezo nano composite PZT/polimer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridlo, M. Rosyid; Lestari, Titik; Mardiyanto, Oemry, Achiar

    2013-09-01

    The objective of poling process is to make the electric dipole directions to be parallel in the inside perovskite crystal of piezo materials. In simply way, poling was carried out by giving the two sides of a piezo material by highly electrical potential. More parallel of electrical dipoles, it is more strength the piezo characteristics. The optimization involved control of temperature, time depth and the electrical voltage. The samples was prepared by solgel method with precursor tetrabutyl titanat Ti(OC4H9)4, zirconium nitrat Zr(NO3)4ṡ5H2O, Pb(CH3COO)2ṡ3H2O and solution ethylene glycol. Molar ratio Pb:Zr:Ti = 1,1:0,52:0,48 with concidering lossed Pb. Result of solgel process is nano powder PZT. The formed nano powder PZT was then mixed with polimer PVDF and pressed 10 MPa at 150 °C with the size 15 mm in diameter. After poling, piezoelectric constant d33 was measured. The highest d33 = 45 pC/N was found at poling parameters V = 5 kV/ mm, T = 120 °C dan time depth = 1 hours.

  4. The Nucleare pole in Burgundy, or the art of variance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relatively atypical position of the nuclear competitiveness pole of Burgundy (France) apparently ensues from the doctrine adopted when poles were created in 2005: contrarily to other poles that have been launched by the government, this one was created on the initiative of contractors working for the nuclear sector. The nuclear industry is deeply implanted in Burgundy where it inherited a long tradition of heavy industry and heavy forging. Even the local authorities were of little support because they were not fully aware that the common point of most local business was to work in the nuclear sector. The mission of this pole follows 4 axis: 1) building and promoting adequate training in nuclear activities at the region scale, 2) proposing coordinated research and development projects for the members, 3) a specific project on a shared information system dedicated to ease relationships between contractors and subcontractors, and 4) a mission for promoting the industrial side of the region in foreign countries. (A.C.)

  5. Bacterial diversity in snow on North Pole ice floes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauptmann, Aviaja Zenia Edna Lyberth; Stibal, Marek; Bælum, Jacob;

    2014-01-01

    The microbial abundance and diversity in snow on ice floes at three sites near the North Pole was assessed using quantitative PCR and 454 pyrosequencing. Abundance of 16S rRNA genes in the samples ranged between 43 and 248 gene copies per millilitre of melted snow. A total of 291,331 sequences we...

  6. Liz Taylor : minu van Gogh pole natsidele kuulunud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Elizabeth Taylor palus kohtult otsust, et talle kuuluvat 15 miljonit dollarit maksvat Vincent van Goghi maali "Vaade Saint-Remy varjupaigale" pole natsid Margarete Mauthneri juudiperekonna käest vägivaldselt ära võtnud. E. Taylori isa ostis maali 1963. a. Londonis oksjonilt

  7. Particles as S-matrix poles: hadron democracy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The connection between two theoretical ideas of the 1950s is traced in this article, namely that hadrons are nonfundamental, ''composite'' particles and that all physically observable particles correspond to singularities of an analytic scattering matrix. The S matrix theory developed by Werner Heisenberg in the early forties now incorporated the concepts of unitarity, invariance, analyticity and causality. The meson-exchange force meant that poles must be present in nucleon-nuclear and pion-nucleon scattering as predicted by dispersion relations. Experimental work in accessible regions determined pole residues. Pole residue became associated with force strength and pole position with particle mass. In 1959, the author discovered the so-called ''bootstrap'' theory the rho meson as a force generates a rho particle. By the end of the 1950s it was clear that all hadrons had equal status, each being bound states of other hadrons, sustained by hadron exchange forces and that hadrons are self-generated by an S-matrix bootstrap mechanism that determines all their properties. (UK)

  8. Avoidance of a Landau Pole by Flat Contributions in QED

    CERN Document Server

    Klaczynski, Lutz

    2013-01-01

    We consider massless Quantum Electrodynamics in momentum scheme and further an ap- proach based on Dyson{Schwinger equations to approximate both the ?-function and the renormalized photon self-energy [Y11]. Starting from the Callan-Symanzik equation, we derive a renormalization group (RG) recursion identity which implies a non-linear ODE for the anomalous dimension and extract a su?cient but not necessary criterion for the existence of a Landau pole. This criterion implies a nec- essary condition for QED to have no such pole. Solving the di?erential equation exactly for a toy model case, we integrate the corresponding RG equation for the running coupling and ?nd that even though the ?-function entails a Landau pole it exhibits a at contribution capable of decreasing its growth, in other cases possibly to the extent that such a pole is avoided altogether. Finally, by applying the recursion identity, we compute the photon propagator and investigate the e?ect of at contributions on both spacelike and timelike ph...

  9. CROWtm FIELD DEMONSTRATION WITH BELL LUMBER AND POLE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyle A. Johnson, Jr.; L. John Fahy

    2002-03-01

    In 1990, efforts were initiated to implement an in-situ remediation project for the contaminated aquifer at the Bell Lumber and Pole Company (Bell Pole) site in New Brighton, Minnesota. The remediation project involves the application of the Contained Recovery of Oily Waste (CROW{trademark}) process, which consists of hot-water injection to displace and recover nonaqueous phase liquids. While reviewing the site evaluation information, it became apparent that better site characterization would enhance the outcome of the project. Additional coring indicated that the areal extent of the contaminated soils was approximately eight times greater than initially believed. Because of the uncertainties, in 1993, a pilot test was conducted that provided containment and organic recovery information that assisted in the design of the full-scale CROW process demonstration. After reviewing the cost ramifications of implementing the full-scale CROW field demonstration, Bell Pole approached Western Research Institute (WRI) with a request for a staged, sequential site remediation. Bell Pole's request for the change in the project scope was prompted by budgetary constraints. Bell Pole felt that although a longer project might be more costly, by extending the length of the project, the yearly cost burden would be more manageable. After considering several options, WRI recommended implementing a phased approach to remediate the contaminated area. Phase 1 involves a CROW process demonstration to remediate the upgradient one-third of the contaminated area, which contains the largest amount of free organic material. The Bell Pole Phase 1 CROW demonstration began in mid-1995 and was operated until January 2001. The operation of the demonstration was satisfactory, although at less than the design conditions. During the demonstration, 25,502,902 gal of hot water was injected and 83,155 gal of organics was transferred to the storage tank. During operations more than 65% of the produced

  10. Plotter of pole figure using data from x-ray diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Any polycrystalline aggregate normally has a preferred crystallographic orientation, or texture which depends on its thermal and or mechanical history. Preferred orientation is best described by means of a pole figure. A pole figure is a stereographic projection which shows the variation in pole density with pole orientation, for a selected set of crystal planes. In this work, computer programs was developed to plot pole figures. The corrected intensities are calculated and directly transmitted to the plotter. The different intensities levels are represented by different colors in the pole figure. (author)

  11. Inferior patellar pole fragmentation in children: just a normal variant?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella is often dismissed as a normal variant in children younger than 10 years of age. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fragmentary inferior patellar pole ossification is a normal variant or is associated with symptoms or signs of pathology using MRI and clinical exam findings as reference. A retrospective review was performed on 150 patients ages 5-10 years who underwent 164 knee radiography and MRI exams (45.1% male, mean age: 7.8 years). The presence or absence of inferior patellar pole fragmentation on radiography was correlated with the presence or absence of edema-like signal on MR images. Clinical notes were reviewed for the presence of symptoms or signs referable to the inferior patellar pole. These data were compared with a 1:1 age- and sex-matched control group without inferior pole fragmentation. Statistical analysis was performed using two-tailed t-tests. Forty of 164 (24.4%) knee radiographs showed fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella. Of these 40 knees, 62.5% (25/40) had edema-like signal of the inferior patellar bone marrow compared with 7.5% (3/40) of controls (P = 0.035). Patients with fragmentary ossification at the inferior patella had a significantly higher incidence of documented focal inferior patellar pain compared with controls (20% vs. 2.5%, P = 0.015). Inferior patellar pole fragmentation in children 5 to 10 years of age may be associated with localized symptoms and bone marrow edema-like signal and should not be routinely dismissed as a normal variant of ossification. (orig.)

  12. Inferior patellar pole fragmentation in children: just a normal variant?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kan, J.H.; Vogelius, Esben S.; Orth, Robert C.; Guillerman, R.P.; Jadhav, Siddharth P. [Texas Children' s Hospital, E.B. Singleton Pediatric Radiology, Houston, TX (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella is often dismissed as a normal variant in children younger than 10 years of age. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fragmentary inferior patellar pole ossification is a normal variant or is associated with symptoms or signs of pathology using MRI and clinical exam findings as reference. A retrospective review was performed on 150 patients ages 5-10 years who underwent 164 knee radiography and MRI exams (45.1% male, mean age: 7.8 years). The presence or absence of inferior patellar pole fragmentation on radiography was correlated with the presence or absence of edema-like signal on MR images. Clinical notes were reviewed for the presence of symptoms or signs referable to the inferior patellar pole. These data were compared with a 1:1 age- and sex-matched control group without inferior pole fragmentation. Statistical analysis was performed using two-tailed t-tests. Forty of 164 (24.4%) knee radiographs showed fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella. Of these 40 knees, 62.5% (25/40) had edema-like signal of the inferior patellar bone marrow compared with 7.5% (3/40) of controls (P = 0.035). Patients with fragmentary ossification at the inferior patella had a significantly higher incidence of documented focal inferior patellar pain compared with controls (20% vs. 2.5%, P = 0.015). Inferior patellar pole fragmentation in children 5 to 10 years of age may be associated with localized symptoms and bone marrow edema-like signal and should not be routinely dismissed as a normal variant of ossification. (orig.)

  13. Relationship between Poling Characteristics and Phase Boundaries of Potassium-Sodium Niobate Ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Ting; Wu, Jiagang

    2016-04-13

    The controversy about the optimum poling conditions of (K,Na)NbO3 (KNN)-based lead-free ceramics was still unresolved and the relationships between poling characteristics and phase boundary types were rarely mentioned. Here, we tried to unveil the relationships between poling characteristics and phase boundary types of these ceramics. The optimum poling temperatures should be chosen near their corresponding phase transition temperatures. In addition, a large piezoelectricity can be attained in the ceramics with a multiphase coexistence under a lower poling electric field (polarization in the ones with single O or T phase. More interestingly, it is the first time to report that the ceramics with different phase boundaries can be fully poled after the measurement of P-E loops, where the d33 values match those of the corresponding ones poled by the DC electric field. We believe that this modified poling process can benefit the improved piezoelectricity of KNN-based ceramics. PMID:27007478

  14. Amplitude-phase calculations of Regge poles obtained from coupled radial Dirac equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thylwe, K-E [KTH-Mechanics, Royal lnstitute of Technology, S-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); McCabe, P, E-mail: ket@mech.kth.se [CCDC, 12 Union Road, CB2 1EZ, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2011-07-08

    A recently developed amplitude-phase method for spinor-wave solutions is applied to the calculations of Regge pole positions and residues of Dirac particles. At a given energy the Dirac spin causes two sets of Regge poles that tend to coalesce in the non-relativistic limit. For the particular case of equal Lorentz-type vector and scalar potentials there is only one pole string, located very close to the non-relativistic pole string.

  15. Double Trouble: A Rare Case of Bilateral Upper Pole Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig A. Peters

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A 16-year-old girl presented with bilateral back pain caused by bilateral upper pole ureteropelvic junction obstructions; an extremely rare phenomenon. Bilateral robotically assisted upper pole pyeloplasties were preformed at the same setting with an excellent clinical response. Although rare, upper pole ureteropelvic junction obstruction is a defined entity that urologists should be aware of.

  16. Effect of Materials and Manufacturing on the Bending Stiffness of Vaulting Poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, C. L.; Kukureka, S. N.

    2012-01-01

    The increase in the world record height achieved in pole vaulting can be related to the improved ability of the athletes, in terms of their fitness and technique, and to the change in materials used to construct the pole. For example in 1960 there was a change in vaulting pole construction from bamboo to glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP)…

  17. Two-dimensional multi-pole solitons in nonlocal nonlinear media

    CERN Document Server

    Rotschild, C; Kartashov, Y V; Segev, M; Torner, L; Xu, Z; Cohen, Oren; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Rotschild, Carmel; Segev, Mordechai; Torner, Lluis; Xu, Zhiyong

    2006-01-01

    We present the experimental observation of scalar multi-pole solitons in highly nonlocal nonlinear media, including dipole-, tri-pole, quadru-pole, and necklace-type solitons, organized as arrays of out-of-phase bright spots. These complex solitons are meta-stable, but with a large parameters range where the instability is weak, enabling their experimental observation.

  18. Pole inflation — Shift symmetry and universal corrections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broy, B. J.; Galante, M.; Roest, D.; Westphal, A.

    2015-12-01

    An appealing explanation for the Planck data is provided by inflationary mod els with a singular non-canonical kinetic term: a Laurent expansion of the kinetic function translates into a potential with a nearly shift-symmetric plateau in canonical fields. The shift symmetry can be broken at large field values by including higher-order poles, which need to be hierarchically suppressed in order not to spoil the inflationary plateau. The herefrom resulting corrections to the inflationary dynamics and predictions are shown to be universal at lowest order and possibly to induce power loss at large angular scales. At lowest order there are no corrections from a pole of just one order higher and we argue that this phenomenon is related to the well-known extended no-scale structure arising in string theory scenarios. Finally, we outline which other corrections may arise from string loop effects.

  19. Pole assignment for stochastic systems with unknown coefficients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翰馥[1; 曹希仁[2

    2000-01-01

    This paper solves the exact pole assignment problem for the single-input stochastic systems with unknown coefficients under the controllability assumption which is necessary and sufficient for the arbitrary pole assignment for systems with known coefficients. The system noise is required to be mutually independent with zero mean and bounded second moment. Two approaches to solving the problem are proposed: One is the iterative learning approach which can be applied when the state at a fixed time can be repeatedly observed with different feedback gains; the other is the adaptive control approach which works when the trajectories satisfy a nondegeneracy condition. Both methods are essentially based on stochastic approximation, and the feedback gains are recursively given without invoking the certainty-equivalency-principle.

  20. Lunar Prospecting: Searching for Volatiles at the South Pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Jay; Carvalho, Robert

    2016-01-01

    The Resource Prospector is an in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) technology demonstration mission, planned for a 2021 launch to search for and analyze volatiles at the Lunar South Pole. The mission poses unique operational challenges. Operating at the Lunar South Pole requires navigating a surface with lighting, shadow and regolith characteristics unlike those of previous missions. The short round trip communications time enables reactive surface operations for science and engineering. Navigation of permanently shadowed regions with a solar powered rover creates risks, including power and thermal management, and requires constant real time decision making for safe entry, path selection and egress. The mission plan requires a faster rover egress from the lander than any previous NASA rover mission.

  1. On the ultimate uncertainty of the top quark pole mass

    CERN Document Server

    Beneke, M; Nason, P; Steinhauser, M

    2016-01-01

    We combine the known asymptotic behaviour of the QCD perturbation series expansion, which relates the pole mass of a heavy quark to the MSbar mass, with the exact series coefficients up to the four-loop order to determine the ultimate uncertainty of the top-quark pole mass due to the renormalon divergence. We perform extensive tests of our procedure by varying the number of colours and flavours, as well as the scale of the strong coupling and the MSbar mass, and conclude that this uncertainty is around 70 MeV. We further estimate the additional contribution to the mass relation from the five-loop correction and beyond to be 250 MeV.

  2. Study of recursive model for pole-zero cancellation circuit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The output of charge sensitive amplifier (CSA) is a negative exponential signal with long decay time which will result in undershoot after C-R differentiator. Pole-zero cancellation (PZC) circuit is often applied to eliminate undershoot in many radiation detectors. However, it is difficult to use a zero created by PZC circuit to cancel a pole in CSA output signal accurately because of the influences of electronic components inherent error and environmental factors. A novel recursive model for PZC circuit is presented based on Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL) in this paper. The model is established by numerical differentiation algorithm between the input and the output signal. Some simulation experiments for a negative exponential signal are carried out using Visual Basic for Application (VBA) program and a real x-ray signal is also tested. Simulated results show that the recursive model can reduce the time constant of input signal and eliminate undershoot. (authors)

  3. South Pole Telescope Software Systems: Control, Monitoring, and Data Acquisition

    CERN Document Server

    Story, K; Ade, P; Aird, K A; Austermann, J E; Beall, J A; Becker, D; Bender, A N; Benson, B A; Bleem, L E; Britton, J; Carlstrom, J E; Chang, C L; Chiang, H C; Cho, H-M; Crawford, T M; Crites, A T; Datesman, A; de Haan, T; Dobbs, M A; Everett, W; Ewall-Wice, A; George, E M; Halverson, N W; Harrington, N; Henning, J W; Hilton, G C; Holzapfel, W L; Hoover, S; Huang, N; Hubmayr, J; Irwin, K D; Karfunkle, M; Keisler, R; Kennedy, J; Lee, A T; Li, D; Lueker, M; Marrone, D P; McMahon, J J; Mehl, J; Meyer, S S; Montgomery, J; Montroy, T E; Nagy, J; Natoli, T; Nibarger, J P; Niemack, M D; Novosad, V; Padin, S; Pryke, C; Reichardt, C L; Ruhl, J E; Saliwanchik, B R; Sayre, J T; Schaffer, K K; Shirokoff, E; Smecher, G; Stalder, B; Tucker, C; Vanderlinde, K; Vieira, J D; Wang, G; Williamson, R; Yefremenko, V; Yoon, K W; Young, E; 10.1117/12.925808

    2012-01-01

    We present the software system used to control and operate the South Pole Telescope. The South Pole Telescope is a 10-meter millimeter-wavelength telescope designed to measure anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at arcminute angular resolution. In the austral summer of 2011/12, the SPT was equipped with a new polarization-sensitive camera, which consists of 1536 transition-edge sensor bolometers. The bolometers are read out using 36 independent digital frequency multiplexing (\\dfmux) readout boards, each with its own embedded processors. These autonomous boards control and read out data from the focal plane with on-board software and firmware. An overall control software system running on a separate control computer controls the \\dfmux boards, the cryostat and all other aspects of telescope operation. This control software collects and monitors data in real-time, and stores the data to disk for transfer to the United States for analysis.

  4. HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole

    CERN Document Server

    Semburg, Benjamin

    2008-01-01

    The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

  5. Posttraumatic osteonecrosis and nonunion of distal pole of scaphoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Kapoor

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic osteonecrosis of distal pole of scaphoid is an extremely rare with only two reported cases so far. We present a case of a 30-year-old male with a 2-year-old posttraumatic osteonecrosis and nonunion of distal pole of scaphoid left wrist. He presented with complaints of pain and restriction of movements. There was no evidence of radiocarpal arthritis. He was managed with open reduction and internal fixation with k-wires, supplemented by a pronator quadratus based muscle pedicle bone graft. The fracture union was achieved at 6 months. After 2 years, he had almost complete range of wrist motion and had returned to his preinjury level of functional activity. His MRI (magnetic resonance imaging scans showed evidence of revascularization suggesting successful incorporation of bone graft.

  6. Advanced nanoscale metrology of pole-tip recession with AFM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atomic force microscopes (AFM) have been widely used for precision metrology. However, most conventional AFM revealed their limits in accuracy due to the inferior characteristics of piezoelectric tube scanner. In order to overcome these limits, we introduced the new XE AFM, which has a z-scanner separated from the x-y scanner. With the new XE AFM, we were able to successfully measure dimensions of pole-tip recession (PTR) in magneto-resistance (MR) head, which had been difficult to be measured by conventional AFM. In addition, we found that it is important to use non-contact AFM, not tapping mode AFM for accurate measurement of PTR since the tapping force can depress the pole-tip region and make the PTR value appear larger than it actually is. In order to confirm this phenomenon, we performed force modulation microscopy and contact mode AFM at various force set points

  7. Claw-pole Synchronous Generator for Compressed Air Energy Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAVEL Valentina

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a claw-poles generator for compressed air energy storage systems. It is presented the structure of such a system used for compensating of the intermittency of a small wind energy system. For equipping of this system it is chosen the permanent magnet claw pole synchronous generator obtained by using ring NdFeB permanentmagnets instead of excitation coil. In such a way the complexity of the scheme is reduced and the generator become maintenance free. The new magnetic flux density in the air-gap is calculated by magneticreluctance method and by FEM method and the results are compared with measured values in the old and new generator.

  8. Development of a superconducting claw-pole motor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed and produced a superconducting claw-pole motor for a trial purpose as a method to make the best use of the characteristic of superconductivity without collector rings or rotating superconducting coils that need to be cryocooled, and made some examinations. The unique feature in this motor is to have the mechanism that supports the reaction magnetic force generated in the axial direction

  9. Pole placement design for quantum systems via coherent observers

    OpenAIRE

    Miao, Zibo; James, Matthew R.; Ugrinovskii, Valery A.

    2015-01-01

    We previously extended Luenberger's approach for observer design to the quantum case, and developed a class of coherent observers which tracks linear quantum stochastic systems in the sense of mean values. In light of the fact that the Luenberger observer is commonly and successfully applied in classical control, it is interesting to investigate the role of coherent observers in quantum feedback. As the first step in exploring observer-based coherent control, in this paper we study pole-place...

  10. Improvement of Electrochemical Machining Accuracy by Using Dual Pole Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Electrochemical machining (ECM) is one of the best al ternatives for producing complex shapes in advanced materials used in aircraft a nd aerospace industries. However, the reduction of the stray material removal co ntinues to be major challenges for industries in addressing accuracy improvement . This study presents a method of improving machining accuracy in ECM by using a dual pole tool with a metallic bush outside the insulated coating of a cathode tool. The bush is connected with anode and so the el...

  11. Regularization of scattering calculations at R-matrix poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Physical quantities of scattering expressed in terms of the R-matrix are not well defined at R-matrix poles. It is shown that these unphysical singularities can be removed and the regularized expressions are obtained. The method is straightforwardly applicable to various scattering theory quantities such as the reactance matrix, the Green function, the cumulative reaction probability and the density of resonance states. (author)

  12. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH GROWTH AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefana VARVARI

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 the Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing (now the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration prepared the growth poles policy for Romania, establishing seven growth poles to be financed through the Regional Operational Programme 2007-1013, under the Priority Axis no. 1. For 2007-2013 there were also established 11 urban development poles. At present the Ministry is discussing with the European Commission the new Regional Operational Programme 2014-2020 in which the main policy lines regarding integrated territorial development also take into consideration the improvement of the quality of life and the “appearance” of towns and strengthening their role in the region. The main urban agglomerations (county seats are seen as development engines of the regions. The authors analyze the results obtained and the problems that appeared at regional level in what concerns the projects financed under Axis 1 of the ROP 2007-2013 by answering two main questions: did they really had the estimated impact on the growth and urban development poles and on the regions? and was there really an integrated approach used? Based on the results obtained from the analysis of the previous programming period the authors try to recommend some improvements that could be taken into consideration for the development of the Integrated urban development plans and priority projects that are going to be financed by ESI funds under Axis 4 of the new ROP 2014-2020, recommendations that could be taken into consideration when preparing the Guidelines for applicants for this axis.

  13. Atmospheric neutrino flux at INO, South Pole and Pyhaesalmi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sajjad Athar, M., E-mail: sajathar@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 (India); Honda, M., E-mail: mhonda@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, the University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Kajita, T., E-mail: kajita@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Kavli Institute for the Physics and the Mathematics of the Universe, the University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, the University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Kasahara, K., E-mail: kasahara@icrc.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8555 (Japan); Midorikawa, S., E-mail: midori@aomori-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Software and Information Technology, Aomori University, Aomori, 030-0943 (Japan)

    2013-01-29

    We present the calculation of the atmospheric neutrino fluxes for the neutrino experiments proposed at INO, South Pole and Pyhaesalmi. Neutrino fluxes have been obtained using ATMNC, a simulation code for cosmic ray in the atmosphere. Even using the same primary flux model and the interaction model, the calculated atmospheric neutrino fluxes are different for the different sites due to the geomagnetic field. The prediction of these fluxes in the present Letter would be quite useful in the experimental analysis.

  14. COMMON POLE ESTIMATION WITH AN ORTHOGONAL VECTOR METHOD

    OpenAIRE

    Abed-Meraim, Karim; Bouleux, Guillaume; Boyer, Rémy

    2006-01-01

    In some applications as in biomedical analysis, we encounter the problem of estimating the common poles (angularfrequency and damping-factor) in a multi-channel set-up composed as the sum of Exponentially Damped Sinusoids. In this contribution, we propose a new subspace algorithm belonging to the family of the Orthogonal Vector Methods which solves the considered estimation problem. In particular, we expose a root-MUSIC algorithm which deals with damped components for an algorithmic cost comp...

  15. Tööpuudus 29%, palavikku pole / Rachel Donadio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Donadio, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    Lõuna-Hispaanias asuvas Cádizis on töötus 29%, ometi pole eurotsooni kõrgeim tööpuuduse määr tekitanud linnas sügavat sotsiaalset rahutust ega massilisi proteste, sest üsna kõrge elukvaliteedi tagavad töötutele kompleksne turvavõrk, mis koosneb varimajandusest, perekonna toetusest ja valitsuse toetusest

  16. Dense Urban Channel Measurements for Utility Pole Fixed Wireless Links

    OpenAIRE

    Wasson, Michael W.; Messier, Geoffrey G.; Smith, Devin P.

    2016-01-01

    This radio channel measurement campaign characterizes the propagation conditions experienced in a dense urban environment over fixed backhaul links between wireless devices that are mounted on utility or traffic light poles. The measurements characterize the 2x1 multiple input single output channel in the 2.45 GHz band for both spatially separated omni antennas and cross polarized directional antennas. Results presented include both small and large scale channel statistics, antenna correlatio...

  17. Wind stress forcing of the North Sea `pole tide'

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, William P.; Chao, Benjamin Fong; Zheng, Dawei; Au, Andrew Y.

    2000-08-01

    We conduct numerical simulations of the wind forcing of sea level variations in the North Sea using a barotropic ocean model with realistic geography and bathymetry to examine the forcing of the 14 month `pole tide', which is known to be anomalously large along the Denmark-Netherlands coast. The simulation input is the monthly mean surface wind stress field from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis for the 40 year period 1958-1997. The ocean model output sea level response is then compared with 10 coastal tide gauge records from the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) over the same period of time. Besides the strong seasonal variations, several prominent quasi-periodicities exist near 7 years, 3 years, 14 months, 9 months and 6.5 months. Correlations and spectral analyses show remarkable agreement between the model output and the observations, particularly in the 14 month, or Chandler, period band. The latter indicates that the enhanced pole tide found in the North Sea along the Denmark-Netherlands coast is actually the coastal set-up response to wind stress forcing with a periodicity of around 14 months. We find no need to invoke a geophysical explanation involving resonance enhancement of the pole tide in the North Sea to explain the observations.

  18. Background studies for acoustic neutrino detection at the South Pole

    CERN Document Server

    Abbasi, R; Abu-Zayyad, T; Adams, J; Aguilar, J A; Ahlers, M; Andeen, K; Auffenberg, J; Bai, X; Baker, M; Barwick, S W; Bay, R; Alba, J L Bazo; Beattie, K; Beatty, J J; Bechet, S; Becker, J K; Becker, K -H; Benabderrahmane, M L; BenZvi, S; Berdrmann, J; Berghaus, P; Berley, D; Bernardini, E; Bertrand, D; Besson, D Z; Bindig, D; Bissok, M; Blaufuss, E; Blumenthal, J; Boersma, D J; Bohm, C; Bose, D; Böser, S; Botner, O; Braun, J; Brown, A M; Buitink, S; Carson, M; Chirkin, D; Christy, B; Clem, J; Clevermann, F; Cohen, S; Colnard, C; Cowen, D F; D'Agostino, M V; Danninger, M; Daughhetee, J; Davis, J C; De Clercq, C; Demirörs, L; Denger, T; Depaepe, O; Descamps, F; Desiati, P; de Vries-Uiterweerd, G; DeYoung, T; Diaz-Vélez, J C; Dierckxsens, M; Dreyer, J; Dumm, J P; Ehrlich, R; Eisch, J; Ellsworth, R W; Engdegård, O; Euler, S; Evenson, P A; Fadiran, O; Fazely, A R; Fedynitch, A; Feusels, T; Filimonov, K; Finley, C; Fischer-Wasels, T; Foerster, M M; Fox, B D; Franckowiak, A; Franke, R; Gaisser, T K; Gallagher, J; Geisler, M; Gerhardt, L; Gladstone, L; Glüsenkamp, T; Goldschmidt, A; Goodman, J A; Grant, D; Griesel, T; Groß, A; Grullon, S; Gurtner, M; Ha, C; Hallgren, A; Halzen, F; Han, K; Hanson, K; Heinen, D; Helbing, K; Herquet, P; Hickford, S; Hill, G C; Hoffman, K D; Homeier, A; Hoshina, K; Hubert, D; Huelsnitz, W; Hülß, J -P; Hulth, P O; Hultqvist, K; Hussain, S; Ishihara, A; Jacobsen, J; Japaridze, G S; Johansson, H; Joseph, J M; Kampert, K -H; Kappes, A; Karg, T; Karle, A; Kelley, J L; Kenny, P; Kiryluk, J; Kislat, F; Klein, S R; Köhne, J -H; Kohnen, G; Kolanoski, H; Köpke, L; Kopper, S; Koskinen, D J; Kowalski, M; Kowarik, T; Krasberg, M; Krings, T; Kroll, G; Kuehn, K; Kuwabara, T; Labare, M; Lafebre, S; Laihem, K; Landsman, H; Larson, M J; Lauer, R; Lünemann, J; Madsen, J; Majumdar, P; Marotta, A; Maruyama, R; Mase, K; Matis, H S; Meagher, K; Merck, M; Mészáros, P; Meures, T; Middell, E; Milke, N; Miller, J; Montaruli, T; Morse, R; Movit, S M; Nahnhauer, R; Nam, J W; Naumann, U; Nießen, P; Nygren, D R; Odrowski, S; Olivas, A; Olivo, M; O'Murchadha, A; Ono, M; Panknin, S; Paul, L; Heros, C Pérez de los; Petrovic, J; Piegsa, A; Pieloth, D; Porrata, R; Posselt, J; Price, P B; Prikockis, M; Przybylski, G T; Rawlins, K; Redl, P; Resconi, E; Rhode, W; Ribordy, M; Rizzo, A; Rodrigues, J P; Roth, P; Rothmaier, F; Rott, C; Ruhe, T; Rutledge, D; Ruzybayev, B; Ryckbosch, D; Sander, H -G; Santander, M; Sarkar, S; Schatto, K; Schmidt, T; Schönwald, A; Schukraft, A; Schultes, A; Schulz, O; Schunck, M; Seckel, D; Semburg, B; Seo, S H; Sestayo, Y; Seunarine, S; Silvestri, A; Slipak, A; Spiczak, G M; Spiering, C; Stamatikos, M; Stanev, T; Stephens, G; Stezelberger, T; Stokstad, R G; Stössl, A; Stoyanov, S; Strahler, E A; Straszheim, T; Stür, M; Sullivan, G W; Swillens, Q; Taavola, H; Taboada, I; Tamburro, A; Tepe, A; Ter-Antonyan, S; Tilav, S; Toale, P A; Toscano, S; Tosi, D; Turčan, D; van Eijndhoven, N; Vandenbroucke, J; Van Overloop, A; van Santen, J; Vehring, M; Voge, M; Walck, C; Waldenmaier, T; Wallraff, M; Walter, M; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C; Westerhoff, S; Whitehorn, N; Wiebe, K; Wiebusch, C H; Williams, D R; Wischnewski, R; Wissing, H; Wolf, M; Woschnagg, K; Xu, C; Xu, X W; Yodh, G; Yoshida, S; Zarzhitsky, P

    2011-01-01

    The detection of acoustic signals from ultra-high energy neutrino interactions is a promising method to measure the tiny flux of cosmogenic neutrinos expected on Earth. The energy threshold for this process depends strongly on the absolute noise level in the target material. The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS), deployed in the upper part of four boreholes of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, has monitored the noise in Antarctic ice at the geographic South Pole for more than two years down to 500 m depth. The noise is very stable and Gaussian distributed. Lacking an in-situ calibration up to now, laboratory measurements have been used to estimate the absolute noise level in the 10 to 50 kHz frequency range to be smaller than 20 mPa. Using a threshold trigger, sensors of the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup registered acoustic pulse-like events in the IceCube detector volume and its vicinity. Acoustic signals from refreezing IceCube holes and from anthropogenic sources have been used to localize acoustic e...

  19. Traditions connected with the pole shift model of the Pleistocene

    CERN Document Server

    Woelfli, Willy

    2010-01-01

    As is well known, during the Last Glacial Maximum, about 20'000 years ago, the ice was asymmetrically distributed around the present North Pole. It reached the region of New York, while east Siberia remained ice free. Mammoths lived in arctic regions of east Siberia, where now their food cannot grow. Therefore the globe must have been turned in such a way that the North Pole was in Greenland. The required rapid geographic pole shift at the end of the ice ages has been shown to be physically possible, on condition that an astronomical object of planetary size in an extremely eccentric orbit existed. In this postulated situation it was red hot and a disk shaped gas cloud reduced the solar radiation on Earth in a time dependent way. A frequent objection to this hypothesis is that the phenomena should be reported in old traditions. This paper quotes such traditions from passages of Platon, Herodotus, Ovid, papyrus Ipuwer, Gilgamesh, the Bible, American Indians and other civilizations. Far from being exhaustive th...

  20. Anomaly poles as common signatures of chiral and conformal anomalies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One feature of the chiral anomaly, analyzed in a perturbative framework, is the appearance of massless poles which account for it. They are identified by a spectral analysis of the anomaly graph and are usually interpreted as being of an infrared origin. Recent investigations show that their presence is not just confined in the infrared, but that they appear in the effective action under the most general kinematical conditions, even if they decouple in the infrared. Further studies reveal that they are responsible for the non-unitary behaviour of these theories in the ultraviolet (UV) region. We extend this analysis to the case of the conformal anomaly, showing that the effective action describing the interaction of gauge fields with gravity is characterized by anomaly poles that give the entire anomaly and are decoupled in the infrared (IR), in complete analogy with the chiral case. This complements a related analysis by Giannotti and Mottola on the trace anomaly in gravity, in which an anomaly pole has been identified in the corresponding correlator using dispersion theory in the IR. Our extension is based on an exact computation of the off-shell correlation function involving an energy-momentum tensor and two vector currents (the gauge-gauge-graviton vertex) which is responsible for the appearance of the anomaly.

  1. Anomaly Poles as Common Signatures of Chiral and Conformal Anomalies

    CERN Document Server

    Armillis, Roberta; Rose, Luigi Delle

    2009-01-01

    One feature of the chiral anomaly, analyzed in a perturbative framework, is the appearance of massless poles which account for it. They are identified by a spectral analysis of the anomaly graph and are usually interpreted as being of an infrared origin. Recent investigations shown that their presence is not just confined in the infrared, but that they appear in the effective action under the most general kinematical conditions, even if they decouple in the infrared. Further studies reveal that they are responsible for the non-unitary behaviour of these theories in the ultraviolet (UV) region. We extend this analysis to the case of the conformal anomaly, showing that the effective action describing the interaction of gauge fields with gravity is characterized by anomaly poles that give the entire anomaly and are decoupled in the infrared (IR), in complete analogy with the chiral case. This complements a related analysis by Giannotti and Mottola on the trace anomaly in gravity, in which an anomaly pole has bee...

  2. Physical model simulation for resistivity tomography. An experimental tank and detection limit for a pole-pole array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Underground hydrology is one of important items for the assessment of the high-level radioactive waste disposal. Rock fractures play an important role in local hydrology in fractured rock mass. In order to develop the technique of rock fracture survey, basic study on resistivity tomography has been carried out using an experimental tank 2x2m square and 2.2m in depth. The tank was filled with a NaCl solution to represent a homogeneous geologic media. A multi-electrode representing electrodes that will be arranged in field was used in the tank for a physical model simulation with 4 different sized fracture models. The detection limit of the resistivity tomography using a pole-pole array was discussed based on the results of both the physical and numerical model simulations. (author) 60 refs

  3. Pole-Like Object Extraction from Mobile LIDAR Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Han; Tan, Feitong; Wang, Ruisheng

    2016-06-01

    Object detection and recognition from LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data has been a research topic in the fields of photogrammetry and computer vision. Unlike point clouds collected in well-controlled indoor environments, point clouds in urban environments are more complex due to complexity of the real world. For example, trees sometimes close to signs or buildings, which will cause occlusions in the point clouds. Current object detection or reconstruction algorithms will have problems when recognizing objects with severe occlusions caused by trees etc. In this paper, a robust vegetation removal method and a DBSCAN based pole-like object detection method are proposed. Based on observation that major difference between vegetation and other rigid objects is their penetrability with respect to LiDAR, we introduce a local roughness measure to differentiate rigid objects from non-rigid ones (vegetation in this paper). First, a local sphere with a small radius is generated for each input point. Three principal components of the local sphere are then calculated, and a plane is determined. The roughness is obtained through calculating the standard deviation of distances from all inside points to the plane by a weighted summation of the normalized distances. The further the point to the plane, the smaller the weight is. Finally, a graph cuts based method is introduced to classify the input point sets into two groups. The data term is defined by the normalized roughness of the current point, and the smoothness term is defined by the normalized distance between the point and its nearest neighbour point. In terms of pole-like object detection, first, a uniformed 2D grid is generated through projecting all the points to the XY-plane. The seed points of the pole-like objects are obtained by determining the x and y coordinates by the centres of the highest density cells of the grid and the z coordinate by the mean height of the point sets of each object. Finally, a DBSCAN

  4. Laparoscopic upper pole heminephroureterectomy in children: Seven-year experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Marte

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Minimally invasive surgery is the current approach to perform heminephroureterectomy (HN in children. This can be obtained through a transperitoneal (TP or a retroperitoneal approach. Here, we report our experience using a TP approach. Materials and Methods: From 2005 to 2014, 22 TP laparoscopic upper poles HN were performed at our institution. There were nine girls and 13 boys aged between 20 months and 6 years (mean age 3.9. Eight patients were diagnosed prenatally, 17 patients presented with urinary tract infection (UTI and three with vomiting and failure to thrive. The indication for HN was reflux nephropathy and UTI in non-functioning upper pole in 19 patients and cystic dysplasia in 1 patient. The surgical technique involved the following steps: Cystoscopic recognition; positioning of 3-4 trocar (right HN; identification of the kidney (detachment of the colon; isolation and low ligation of the dilated ureter; decrossing from renal vessels; section of the parenchyma by LigaSure; haemostasis with clips and LigaSure; drain. Results: The mean operative time was 154 min (range: 81-220 min. All patients were discharged from the 2 nd to 4 th day. Neither major complication nor conversion was recorded. 1 patient presented leakage of urine for 7 days from the drainage which resolved spontaneously. At ultrasound follow-up, 5 patients showed a secondary perirenal cyst, 2-5 cm diameter that resolved spontaneously. Conclusion: The results indicate that laparoscopic upper pole heminephrectomy is the treatment of choice in cases of non-functioning dilated lower segments of duplicated kidneys. The use of laparoscopic approach offers a good working space, a good visual control of the vessels and allows a very low isolation of the ureteral stump which counterbalance the peritoneal violation.

  5. AN ALGEBRAIC METHOD FOR POLE PLACEMENT IN MULTIVARIABLE SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. de la Sen

    2001-01-01

    This paper considers the pole placement in multivariable systems involving known delays by using dynamic controllers subject to multirate sampling. The controller parametrizations are calculated from algebraic equations which are solved by using the Kronecker product of matrices. It is pointed out that the sampling periods can be selected in a convenient way for the solvability of such equations under rather weak conditions provided that the continuous plant is spectrally controllable. Some overview about the use of nonuniform sampling is also given in order to improve the system's performance.

  6. Full Range ZVS Phase Shifted Power Converter with "Poles"

    CERN Document Server

    Bordry, Frederick

    1998-01-01

    The study and development of a quasi-resonant power converter, with Full Bridge - PhaseShifted - Pulse Width Modulation (FB-PS-PWM) topology is presented. The originality of thepaper is the adding of resonant networks (poles) on each leg to get soft commutation (ZeroVoltage Switching ZVS) over the full range of the output current. The design of the polestructure and the component ratings are described. Simulations and a [1000A-15V] converterprototype, using dual-thyristor, validate the theoretical studies.

  7. Elliptical Chandler pole motions of the Earth and Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkin, Yury; Ferrandiz, Jose

    2010-05-01

    In the work the values of the period and eccentricity of Chandler motion of poles of axes of rotation of the Earth and Mars have been determined. The research has been carried out on the basis of developed earlier by authors an intermediate rotary Chandler-Euler motion of the weakly deformable celestial bodies (Barkin, Ferrandiz and Getino, 1996; Barkin, 1998). An influence of a liquid core on Chandler motion of a pole in the given work has not considered. The periods of the specified pole motions make 447.1 d for the Earth and 218.1 d for Mars. In comparison with Euler motions of poles because of elastic properties of planets the Chandler periods are increased accordingly on 142.8 d (about 46.9 %) for the Earth and on 26.2 d (on 13.7 %) for Mars. Values of eccentricities of specified Chandler motions of pole e = √b2 --a2- b (here a both b are smaller and big semi-axes of Chandler ellipse) make 0.09884 for the Earth and 0.3688 for Mars (accordingly, on 21.1 % and 6.2 % more than the appropriate values of eccentricities for models of planets as rigid non-spherical bodies). Axes of an ellipse a also b correspond to the principal equatorial axes of inertia of a planet Ox and Oyfor which the moments of inertia have the smallest valueA and middle value B. The pole of the principal axis of inertia Ox for the Earth is displaced to the west on the angle 14°9285, and the pole of the principal axis of inertia Ox for Mars is displaced to the west on the angle 105°0178 (in the appropriate basic geographical systems of coordinates of the given planets). For ellipticties of Chandler trajectories ɛ = (b- a)-b the values 0.004897 (for the Earth) and 0.07048 (for Mars) have been obtained. The specified values surpass by Euler values of appropriate ellipticties on 46.8 % (in case of the Earth) and on 13.3 % (in the case of Mars). Love number k2describing the elastic properties of planets, were accepted equal 0.30 for the Earth and 0.153 for Mars. Estimations of Chandler periods

  8. Ülikoolid pole mängukannid / Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje

    2001-01-01

    TPÜ korraldas 16. märtsil̀ 2001 ümarlaua "Ülikoolid pole mängukannid", kus oli arutusel riikliku koolitustellimuse vähenemine avalik-õiguslikele ülikoolidele. Osalesid TPÜ filoloogiateaduskonna dekaan dots. H. Mattisen, kultuuriteaduskonna dekaan prof. A. Avarand, akadeemiline prorektor dots. L. Jõgi, teadus- ja arendusprorektor prof. P. Normak, haridusminister T. Lukas, TPÜ rektor prof. M. Arvisto ja EKA rektor prof. A. Keskküla, TTÜ rektor prof. A. Keevallik, EMA õppeprorektor A. Pung

  9. Detection and Classification of Pole-Like Objects from Mobile Mapping Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukano, K.; Masuda, H.

    2015-08-01

    Laser scanners on a vehicle-based mobile mapping system can capture 3D point-clouds of roads and roadside objects. Since roadside objects have to be maintained periodically, their 3D models are useful for planning maintenance tasks. In our previous work, we proposed a method for detecting cylindrical poles and planar plates in a point-cloud. However, it is often required to further classify pole-like objects into utility poles, streetlights, traffic signals and signs, which are managed by different organizations. In addition, our previous method may fail to extract low pole-like objects, which are often observed in urban residential areas. In this paper, we propose new methods for extracting and classifying pole-like objects. In our method, we robustly extract a wide variety of poles by converting point-clouds into wireframe models and calculating cross-sections between wireframe models and horizontal cutting planes. For classifying pole-like objects, we subdivide a pole-like object into five subsets by extracting poles and planes, and calculate feature values of each subset. Then we apply a supervised machine learning method using feature variables of subsets. In our experiments, our method could achieve excellent results for detection and classification of pole-like objects.

  10. DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF POLE-LIKE OBJECTS FROM MOBILE MAPPING DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fukano

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Laser scanners on a vehicle-based mobile mapping system can capture 3D point-clouds of roads and roadside objects. Since roadside objects have to be maintained periodically, their 3D models are useful for planning maintenance tasks. In our previous work, we proposed a method for detecting cylindrical poles and planar plates in a point-cloud. However, it is often required to further classify pole-like objects into utility poles, streetlights, traffic signals and signs, which are managed by different organizations. In addition, our previous method may fail to extract low pole-like objects, which are often observed in urban residential areas. In this paper, we propose new methods for extracting and classifying pole-like objects. In our method, we robustly extract a wide variety of poles by converting point-clouds into wireframe models and calculating cross-sections between wireframe models and horizontal cutting planes. For classifying pole-like objects, we subdivide a pole-like object into five subsets by extracting poles and planes, and calculate feature values of each subset. Then we apply a supervised machine learning method using feature variables of subsets. In our experiments, our method could achieve excellent results for detection and classification of pole-like objects.

  11. Effects of slotting and unipolar flux on magnetic pull in a two-pole induction motor with an extra four-pole stator winding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinervo, A.

    2013-06-01

    This thesis is about the radial magnetic forces between the rotor and stator in twopole induction machines. The magnetic forces arise from rotor eccentricity. The asymmetric air-gap makes the flux density on one side of the rotor stronger than on the opposite side. This produces magnetic pull. The magnetic flux density distribution in the air-gap can be expressed with spatial harmonics, i.e. flux densities with different pole-pair numbers. In two-pole machines, the main part of the magnetic force is produced by the interaction of two- and fourpole flux unless the four-pole flux is damped by parallel paths in the stator winding or an extra four-pole stator winding. The rest of the force comes from the interaction of two-pole and unipolar flux and from the higher harmonics of the air-gap flux of which the slot harmonics are a major part. The force caused by the higher harmonics and the unipolar flux is studied in the case where a four-pole stator winding is used to reduce the four-pole flux. The higher harmonics are found to produce, in addition to the traditional unbalanced magnetic pull, a force similar to the effect of the unipolar flux and the two can be distinguished only by measuring the unipolar flux. In measurements at various operation points, the higher harmonics are found to produce much more force than the unipolar flux and two-pole flux but the unipolar flux is still significant. The four-pole winding also is used to actively control the four-pole flux and the magnetic forces. Designing the controller requires a low order model of the system. Such a model is derived and the effect of the slot harmonics and the unipolar flux are included in the model. Different measurements techniques and methods are presented to identify and validate the control model. The operation point dependence of the system dynamics is studied via measurements. All results are obtained from a 30 kW test motor. The rotor of the test machine has a long flexible shaft on external

  12. Pole assignment for control of flexible link mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouyang, H.; Richiedei, D.; Trevisani, A.

    2013-06-01

    Although the dynamics of flexible link mechanisms and manipulators is nonlinear, motion and vibration control often relies on linear or piecewise-linear controllers based on linearized models in order to ensure real-time implementability. Keeping such an objective in mind, this paper proposes a general receptance-based method for pole assignment in flexible link mechanisms with a single rigid-body degree of freedom (dof) using a single control force (i.e. rank-one control). A chief advantage of the approach proposed is that it makes use of the second-order system model representation through the receptance matrix of the symmetric part of the asymmetric model. The asymmetric terms in the stiffness and damping matrices arise from the coupling between rigid-body motion and elastic motion. The proposed receptance-based formulation ensures numerical reliability and efficiency also for large dimensional and ill-conditioned system models originating from the simultaneous presence of high-frequency and weakly controllable oscillating modes, and of rigid-body motion low-frequency dynamics, which may also be unstable. The validation of the proposed technique is carried out by performing pole assignment through position and velocity feedback or acceleration and velocity feedback on a mechanism. Integral control is also introduced to improve the steady state system response. Numerical results indicate that the proposed method is more accurate and robust than two popular established methods.

  13. Acoustic detection of astrophysical neutrinos in South Pole ice

    CERN Document Server

    Vandenbroucke, Justin

    2012-01-01

    When high-energy particles interact in dense media to produce a particle shower, most of the shower energy is deposited in the medium as heat. This causes the medium to expand locally and emit a shock wave with a medium-dependent peak frequency on the order of 10 kHz. In South Pole ice in particular, the elastic properties of the medium have been theorized to provide good coupling of particle energy to acoustic energy. The acoustic attenuation length has been theorized to be several km, which could enable a sparsely instrumented large-volume detector to search for rare signals from high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. We simulated a hybrid optical/radio/acoustic extension to the IceCube array, specifically intended to detect cosmogenic (GZK) neutrinos with multiple methods simultaneously in order to achieve high confidence in a discovered signal and to measure angular, temporal, and spectral distributions of GZK neutrinos. This work motivated the design, deployment, and operation of the South Pole Acoustic Te...

  14. Severity of seabed spatial competition decreases towards the poles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, D K A; Neutel, A M

    2016-04-25

    For more than a century ecologists have considered that competitive interactions between species are more intense at low latitudes [1,2]. This is frequently invoked as either an explanation or a consequence of higher species richness in the tropics, also suggesting that competition shifts from intra- to inter-specific towards the tropics [1]. Another common assumption is that within a community, intraspecific competition needs to be relatively strong, compared to inter-specific competition, in order to enable stable coexistence of species [3]. However, many analyses have found no consistent large scale geographic patterns in the intensity of intra- or interspecific competition [4]. Here, we show a clear latitudinal trend in contest competition for space in nearshore marine environments, for bryozoans (sessile, colonial, suspension feeding animals). Bryozoans form species-rich assemblages with other encrusting fauna and flora (corraline algae), and are highly abundant across the globe [5]. We find that whilst the intensity of competition (percentage of bryozoan colonies involved in direct physical spatial interactions with bryozoan or other encrusters) differed little with latitude, its severity (percentage of bryozoan colonies involved in contests with a win/loss outcome, leading to death of the loser) was three times lower at the poles than in the tropics. The cause of this change in severity was a strong shift in taxonomic relatedness of competitors, from interactions between species of different families dominating at lower latitudes, to mainly intraspecific competition at the poles. PMID:27115685

  15. Elemental Mercury Diffusion Processes and Concentration at the Lunar Poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxley, Frederick; Killen, Rosemary M.; Hurley, Dana M.

    2011-01-01

    In 2009, the Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) spectrograph onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft made the first detection of element mercury (Hg) vapor in the lunar exosphere after the Lunar Crater Observing and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) Centaur rocket impacted into the Cabeus crater in the southern polar region of the Moon. The lunar regolith core samples from the Apollo missions determined that Hg had a devolatilized pattern with a concentration gradient increasing with depth, in addition to a layered pattern suggesting multiple episodes of burial and volatile loss. Hg migration on the lunar surface resulted in cold trapping at the poles. We have modeled the rate at which indigenous Hg is lost from the regolith through diffusion out of lunar grains. We secondly modeled the migration of Hg vapor in the exosphere and estimated the rate of cold-trapping at the poles using a Monte Carlo technique. The Hg vapor may be lost from the exosphere via ionization, Jeans escape, or re-impact into the surface causing reabsorption.

  16. Towards a research pole in photonics in Western Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duma, Virgil-Florin; Negrutiu, Meda L.; Sinescu, Cosmin; Rominu, Mihai; Miutescu, Eftimie; Burlea, Amelia; Vlascici, Miomir; Gheorghiu, Nicolae; Cira, Octavian; Hutiu, Gheorghe; Mnerie, Corina; Demian, Dorin; Marcauteanu, Corina; Topala, Florin; Rolland, Jannick P.; Voiculescu, Ioana; Podoleanu, Adrian G.

    2014-07-01

    We present our efforts in establishing a Research Pole in Photonics in the future Arad-Timisoara metropolitan area projected to unite two major cities of Western Romania. Research objectives and related training activities of various institutions and groups that are involved are presented in their evolution during the last decade. The multi-disciplinary consortium consists principally of two universities, UAVA (Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad) and UMF (Victor Babes Medicine and Pharmacy University of Timisoara), but also of the Arad County Emergency University Hospital and several innovative SMEs, such as Bioclinica S.A. (the largest array of medical analysis labs in the region) and Inteliform S.R.L. (a competitive SME focused on mechatronics and mechanical engineering). A brief survey of the individual and joint projects of these institutions is presented, together with their teaching activities at graduate and undergraduate level. The research Pole collaborates in R&D, training and education in biomedical imaging with universities in USA and Europe. Collaborative activities, mainly on Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) projects are presented in a multidisciplinary approach that includes optomechatronics, precision mechanics and optics, dentistry, medicine, and biology.

  17. Albedo of Permanently Shadowed Regions of the Lunar Poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riner, M. A.; Lucey, P. G.; Bussey, B.; Cahill, J. T.; McGovern, A.

    2012-12-01

    Due to the slight tilt in the Moon's spin axis, some topographic depressions near the lunar poles experience permanent shadow and may serve as cold traps, harboring water ice and/or other volatile compounds [1]. Permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) provide an opportunity toward understanding the amount, nature and transport of volatiles on the Moon and may also be a potential resource for human exploration. While many different data sets have suggested the presence of water ice in PSRs near the lunar poles many questions remain. For example, ice does not appear to be uniformly distributed across identified PSRs. More work is needed to understand the distribution of ice in PSRs and how delivery and retention mechanisms influence the distribution. The active illumination of the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) provides a unique contribution toward exploration PSR exploration. While LOLA is principally a laser altimeter used for quantitative topography and related cartographic and geodetic applications [2], LOLA also measures the intensity and width of the return laser pulse (1064 nm) from the surface. Here we use a global mosaic (4 pixels per degree) of LOLA albedo data corrected for instrumental drift, irregular variations, and calibrated to normal albedo using local equatorial measurements of normal albedo obtained by the Kaguya Multiband Imager [3]. Recent work using LOLA albedo shows the floor of Shackleton crater, near the lunar south pole, is brighter than the surrounding terrain (and the interior of nearby craters) at 1064 nm [4]. This albedo difference may be due to decreased space weathering due to shadowing from the Sun or to a 1 μm thick layer with 20% water ice a the surface of the crater floor [4]. Here we use LOLA dayside reflectance measurements to examine the albedo of PSRs catalogued by [5] derived from illumination modeling of a hybrid 100 m/pixel LOLA-LROC digital terrain model (DTM) up to 83° north and south latitudes. The upper latitude

  18. Influence of the absorptive part of the complex potential on the S-matrix poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A global method for all S-matrix poles analysis is used for non-relativistic scattering by a central rectangular potential V(r)=g V(r), with g of C . The pole function k=kl(g) is analysed by constructing the Riemann surface over the g-plane, on which k=kl(g) is a single valued and analytic function. A new class of poles is identified. The effect of the imaginary part of the potential on the S-matrix poles belonging to the old and new class of poles is clarified. Occurrence of the Σ-hypernuclear state poles as a function of the potential absorption is discussed. (authors)

  19. Comparison of estimated residual strength and groundline decay of replaced transmission poles with actual measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhuyan, G.S.; Palylyk, R.A. [Powertech Labs., Inc., Surrey, BC (Canada); Hsu, P.; Kilvert, B.; Zolotoochin, A. [British Columbia Hydro, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    1995-12-31

    Residual strengths of ten 45-55 foot long western red cedar (WC) poles, removed from a line after 28 to 36 years of service, were measured by destructive tests. Effectiveness of the EDM Poletest instrument for predicting residual strength of these poles was assessed. Effectiveness of the Resistograph, an instrumented drill for locating and sizing heart rot near the groundline of these poles, was investigated. Prediction of residual strength of the the individual WC poles using the Poletest instrument was found to be unreliable. Bending strength of the good fibre of the WC poles after 28-36 years of service ranged from 1630 to 5920 psi. The resistograph instrumented drill was able to detect and quantify above groundline internal decays accurately. Recommendations concerning pole maintenance, testing, and replacement were made, taking into account the results obtained in these tests.. 3 refs., 9 figs.

  20. Pole-Like Street Furniture Decompostion in Mobile Laser Scanning Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, F.; Oude Elberink, S.; Vosselman, G.

    2016-06-01

    Automatic semantic interpretation of street furniture has become a popular topic in recent years. Current studies detect street furniture as connected components of points above the street level. Street furniture classification based on properties of such components suffers from large intra class variability of shapes and cannot deal with mixed classes like traffic signs attached to light poles. In this paper, we focus on the decomposition of point clouds of pole-like street furniture. A novel street furniture decomposition method is proposed, which consists of three steps: (i) acquirement of prior-knowledge, (ii) pole extraction, (iii) components separation. For the pole extraction, a novel global pole extraction approach is proposed to handle 3 different cases of street furniture. In the evaluation of results, which involves the decomposition of 27 different instances of street furniture, we demonstrate that our method decomposes mixed classes street furniture into poles and different components with respect to different functionalities.

  1. Cable support for electric poles. Support de cables pour poteau electrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourrieres, P.

    1989-11-21

    The cable support according to this invention comprises a central body of insulating material upon which are mounted individual cable supports and means for connecting the central body to a pole. In this manner, a support designed to support a plurality of cables is realized in a single operation. On the other hand, the placing of the cable support is carried out by a single operation of connecting the central body to the pole, allowing provision for mounting a cable support after erecting the pole, or in additions, a quick repair by transferring the central body from the broken end fo a pole to a new pole or to the trunk of the pole for a temporary restoration of electrical service.

  2. Iron Pole Shape Optimization of IPM Motors Using an Integrated Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JABBARI, A.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available An iron pole shape optimization method to reduce cogging torque in Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM motors is developed by using the reduced basis technique coupled by finite element and design of experiments methods. Objective function is defined as the minimum cogging torque. The experimental design of Taguchi method is used to build the approximation model and to perform optimization. This method is demonstrated on the rotor pole shape optimization of a 4-poles/24-slots IPM motor.

  3. Rot detection of wood poles by means of a portable x-ray computed tomographic scanner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A portable X-ray computed tomographic (CT) scanner has been applied to rot detection of wood poles for electric power distribution. CT reconstructions clearly drew a rotted part and they well agreed with crosssections of wood poles which were actually cut off after the measurement. The result shows that the CT scanner offers a very useful means for rot detection of utility poles, building columns, statues, etc. (author)

  4. Development and validation of system for measuring poling forces during Nordic walking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Krejčí

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Recently, the popularity of Nordic walking (NW has been rising steadily. Many scientific studies researched the promising and beneficial effects of this form of physical activity. However, only a few studies provided data about the forces acting on the poles. We did not find a commercially available system that enables the measurement of the poling forces. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to develop and validate a system for measuring the poling forces during NW. METHODS: Strain gauge force tranducers were mounted below the grips of standard NW poles. The transducer signals were amplified and converted to digital form for transmitting to a personal computer. Special software was developed for processing the measured data and the calculation method of output variables was described. Validation of the system was performed using a Kistler force plate. Poling cycles with peak force of about 150 N were imitated by pressing the pole over a force plate. RESULTS: A function sample of the measurement system was constructed. Validation yielded the mean absolute error of 1.1 N in case of poling cycles without pole impacts or 3.0 N in case of poling cycles with impacts. CONCLUSIONS: The validation result of our system is comparable to the results of similar systems used for measurements during cross-country skiing. The system enables independent measurement of the poling forces on both poles and the duration of measurement can be up to one hour. The system provides a tool that can be used to answer a number of questions that researches raise about NW. Understanding of the biomechanical and physiological aspects of poling action can constitute a scientific basis for promoting, teaching and training of NW.

  5. MOLA: Seasonal Snow Variations on Mars: Slow Flyover of the Martian North Pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    MOLA: Seasonal Snow Variations on Mars: Slow Flyover of the Martian North Pole: False Color. This is a visualization of the topography near the Martian north pole as measured with the MOLA instrument. This particular animation shows a slow zoom to the surface of the pole, a flyover of the polar cap and a slow zoom out. The surface color is based on the elevation of the topography.

  6. Loading effect of a self-consistent equilibrium ocean pole tide on the gravimetric parameters of the gravity pole tides at superconducting gravimeter stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaodong; Ducarme, Bernard; Sun, Heping; Xu, Jianqiao

    2008-05-01

    The gravimetric parameters of the gravity pole tide are the amplitude factor δ, which is the ratio of gravity variations induced by polar motion for a real Earth to variations computed for a rigid one, and the phase difference κ between the observed and the rigid gravity pole tide. They can be estimated from the records of superconducting gravimeters (SGs). However, they are affected by the loading effect of the ocean pole tide. Recent results from TOPEX/Poseidon (TP) altimeter confirm that the ocean pole tide has a self-consistent equilibrium response. Accordingly, we calculate the gravity loading effects as well as their influence on the gravimetric parameters of gravity pole tide at all the 26 SG stations in the world on the assumption of a self-consistent equilibrium ocean pole tide model. The gravity loading effect is evaluated between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2006. Numerical results show that the amplitude of the gravity loading effect reaches 10 -9 m s -2, which is larger than the accuracy (10 -10 m s -2) of a SG. The gravimetric factor δ is 1% larger at all SG stations. Then, the contribution of a self-consistent ocean pole tide to the pole tide gravimetric parameters cannot be ignored as it exceeds the current accuracy of the estimation of the pole tide gravity factors. For the nine stations studied in Ducarme et al. [Ducarme, B., Venedikov, A.P., Arnoso, J., et al., 2006. Global analysis of the GGP superconducting gravimeters network for the estimation of the pole tide gravimetric amplitude factor. J. Geodyn. 41, 334-344.], the mean of the modeled tidal factors δm = 1.1813 agrees very well with the result of a global analysis δCH = 1.1816 ± 0.0047 in that paper. On the other hand, the modeled phase difference κm varies from -0.273° to 0.351°. Comparing to the two main periods of the gravity pole tide, annual period and Chandler period, κm is too small to be considered. Therefore, The computed time difference κL induced by a self

  7. Experimental study of flow around a pole standing in a scour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsutsui Takayuki

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of fluid flow and fluid force of the pole standing in scour were investigated with several different scour depths conditions by using a wind tunnel. The scour was modeled into a mortar, with an inverted circular cone. The diameter of the pole was 40 mm and the scour depth was changed from H / D (= depth / diameter of the pole 0.25 to 1.75. The free stream velocity was 16 m / s, making the Reynolds number 4.2 × 104. Flow visualization was carried out using a surface oil-film method and smoke-wire method. The surface pressure distributions on the pole and the scour were measured and the drag coefficient acting on the pole was determined by integrating the surface pressure distribution on the pole. The characteristics of the flow around the pole and the drag acting on the pole standing on the scour were clarified. The results show that as the scour depth become deep, the flow around the pole is extremely characteristic and the drag coefficient has a maximum value at Z / D = 0.25 and a minimum value at about the midpoint between the ground level and the bottom of the scour.

  8. Electromechanical field concentrations near the electrode tip in partially poled multilayer piezo-film actuators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the results of our numerical and experimental studies of the electromechanical field concentrations due to electrodes in partially poled multilayer piezoelectric film actuators under electric fields. A nonlinear finite element analysis is performed to create the partial poling state through the high electric field and to discuss the electromechanical fields. Displacement versus electric field curves are also measured to validate the numerical predictions, and comparisons are made between numerical results and experimental data. Moreover, the results of the partially poled multilayer actuators are compared with those of fully poled actuators

  9. Control of forward stimulated polariton scattering in periodically-poled KTP crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Hoon; Strömqvist, Gustav; Pasiskevicius, Valdas; Canalias, Carlota

    2013-11-01

    We report suppression of forward stimulated polariton scattering (SPS) in χ((2)) structured media. Periodic poling in KTiOPO(4) (KTP) leads to the destructive interference of phonon-polariton waves, which is responsible for the dependence of the SPS threshold on the poling period. This was confirmed by comparing the SPS thresholds in periodically-poled KTP (PPKTP) crystals with different poling periods. Further confirming the physical picture, we studied the changes in the Stokes power distribution as a function of the rotation angle of the PPKTP crystal. PMID:24216950

  10. Time domain oscillating poles: Stability redefined in Memristor based Wien-oscillators

    KAUST Repository

    Talukdar, Abdul Hafiz Ibne

    2012-07-28

    Traditionally, the necessary and sufficient condition for any system to be oscillating is that its poles are located on the imaginary (jω) axis. In this paper, for the first time, we have shown that systems can oscillate with time-domain oscillating poles. The idea is verified using a Memristor based Wien oscillator. Sustained oscillations are observed without having the poles of the system fixed on the imaginary axis and the oscillating behavior of the system poles is reported. The oscillating resistance and triangular shape of FFT are also demonstrated with mathematical reasoning and simulation results to support the unusual and surprising characteristics. © 2009 IEEE.

  11. Regge poles and Mandelstam representation in potential scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We deal with the scattering of two spinless particles interacting by a superposition of Yukawa potentials. We first obtain an upper bound for the scattering amplitude for simultaneous complex values of energy and angular momentum. We then show that the Regge poles remain confined in small domains of the complex angular momentum plane, we study the variation of these domains when the energy (complex) varies. These first results allow us to deduce an upper bound for the double spectral function, this upper bound is used to rigorously show that the Schroedinger equation implies the Mandelstam representation for the type of potentials we deal with. Finally, the problem of subtractions is entirely solved, showing that the Mellin transform of the double spectral function can be analytically continued into the different simple spectral functions. (author)

  12. Lunar South Pole space water extraction and trucking system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zuppero, A. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.]|[Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States); Zupp, G. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX (United States). Johnson Space Center; Schnitzler, B.; Larson, T.K.; Rice, J.W. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.

    1998-03-01

    This concept proposes to use thermal processes alone to extract water from the lunar South Pole and launch payloads to low lunar orbit. Thermal steam rockets would use water propellant for space transportation. The estimated mass of a space water tanker powered by a nuclear heated steam rocket suggests it can be designed for launch in the Space Shuttle bay. The performance depends on the feasibility of a nuclear reactor rocket engine producing steam at 1,100 degrees Kelvin, with a power density of 150 Megawatts per ton of rocket, and operating for thousands of 20 minute cycles. An example uses reject heat from a small nuclear electric power supply to melt 17,800 tons per year of lunar ice. A nuclear heated steam rocket would use the propellant water to launch and deliver 3,800 tons of water per year to a 100 km low lunar orbit.

  13. The Reid93 Potential Triton in the Unitary Pole Approximation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Reid93 potential provides a representation of the nucleon–nucleon (NN) scattering data that rivals that of a partial wave analysis. We present here a unitary pole approximation (UPA) for this contemporary NN potential that provides a rank one separable potential for which the wave function of the deuteron (3S1-3D1) and singlet anti-bound (1S0) state are exactly those of the original potential. Our motivation is to use this UPA potential to investigate the sensitivity of the electric dipole moment for the deuteron and 3H and 3He to the ground state nuclear wave function. We compare the Reid93 results with those for the original Reid (Reid68) potential to illustrate the accuracy of the bound state properties. (author)

  14. Lunar South Pole space water extraction and trucking system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This concept proposes to use thermal processes alone to extract water from the lunar South Pole and launch payloads to low lunar orbit. Thermal steam rockets would use water propellant for space transportation. The estimated mass of a space water tanker powered by a nuclear heated steam rocket suggests it can be designed for launch in the Space Shuttle bay. The performance depends on the feasibility of a nuclear reactor rocket engine producing steam at 1,100 degrees Kelvin, with a power density of 150 Megawatts per ton of rocket, and operating for thousands of 20 minute cycles. An example uses reject heat from a small nuclear electric power supply to melt 17,800 tons per year of lunar ice. A nuclear heated steam rocket would use the propellant water to launch and deliver 3,800 tons of water per year to a 100 km low lunar orbit

  15. Co-activation based parcellation of the human frontal pole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, K L; Zald, D H; Bludau, S; Riedel, M C; Bzdok, D; Yanes, J; Falcone, K E; Amunts, K; Fox, P T; Eickhoff, S B; Laird, A R

    2015-12-01

    Historically, the human frontal pole (FP) has been considered as a single architectonic area. Brodmann's area 10 is located in the frontal lobe with known contributions in the execution of various higher order cognitive processes. However, recent cytoarchitectural studies of the FP in humans have shown that this portion of cortex contains two distinct cytoarchitectonic regions. Since architectonic differences are accompanied by differential connectivity and functions, the frontal pole qualifies as a candidate region for exploratory parcellation into functionally discrete sub-regions. We investigated whether this functional heterogeneity is reflected in distinct segregations within cytoarchitectonically defined FP-areas using meta-analytic co-activation based parcellation (CBP). The CBP method examined the co-activation patterns of all voxels within the FP as reported in functional neuroimaging studies archived in the BrainMap database. Voxels within the FP were subsequently clustered into sub-regions based on the similarity of their respective meta-analytically derived co-activation maps. Performing this CBP analysis on the FP via k-means clustering produced a distinct 3-cluster parcellation for each hemisphere corresponding to previously identified cytoarchitectural differences. Post-hoc functional characterization of clusters via BrainMap metadata revealed that lateral regions of the FP mapped to memory and emotion domains, while the dorso- and ventromedial clusters were associated broadly with emotion and social cognition processes. Furthermore, the dorsomedial regions contain an emphasis on theory of mind and affective related paradigms whereas ventromedial regions couple with reward tasks. Results from this study support previous segregations of the FP and provide meta-analytic contributions to the ongoing discussion of elucidating functional architecture within human FP. PMID:26254112

  16. The Orientation and Precession of the Pole of Saturn - Revised

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Robert A.; French, R. G.

    2011-04-01

    The effort to determine the orientation and precession of Saturn's pole is currently motivated by three needs: to orient the Saturn gravity field for ephemeris development and spacecraft navigation, to orient the Saturn ring plane for studies of ring structure and dynamics, and to determine Saturn's polar moment of inertia for studies of Saturn's interior. Boué, G. and Laskar, J. (2006 Icarus 185, 312) published an informative theoretical discussion of polar motion applicable to Saturn. However, their model cannot be easily used in practice. Jacobson (2007 BAAS 39, 317) presented a pole model in the standard IAU trigometric series representation based on the rigid body rotational equations of motion with couples exerted by the Sun, Titan, and Iapetus. He determined the orientation and precession by fitting Saturn ring occultation measurements, in particular: the radio occultation of Voyager 1, the occultation of the star δSco seen with the Voyager 2 Ultraviolet Spectrometer, the 1989 occultation of the star 28 Sgr seen from the Earth, the 1991 occultation of the star GSC 6323-01396 seen from HST, and ring plane crossing times (Nicholson and French, 1997 BAAS 29, 1097). We have since acquired measurements from the 1995 occultation of the star GSC 5249-01240 seen from HST and the re-reduced meansurements of the 1991 occultation (French et al. 2010 AJ 139, 1649). In this paper we present our current results using the occultation data together with satellite astrometry and tracking of the Voyager and Cassini spacecraft. We also discuss future plans for the incorporation of Cassini ring occultation observations.

  17. Artificial tritium fall-out at the South Pole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snow samples were taken from a 5-m-deep pit located near the South Pole station in January 1975, and continuous deuterium, tritium and beta activity profiles have been obtained from them. These three measurements and the stratigraphic level observation allow a precise chronology of the pit from 1950 to 1975 to be deduced, providing a continuous record of artificial tritium fall-out in the southern hemisphere. This has been extended to 1978 using samples from a second pit taken in 1978. Taking advantage of the unusual 1957-58 stable isotope content in the snow, it has been demonstrated that an important part of the isotopic signal in the precipitation is retained in the snow in spite of the low accumulation rate (8.2g/cm2). The first artificial tritium, from the 1952 Ivy experiments, was detected during 1954. A two years delay between explosions and fall-out is well established, and enables the tritium fall-out to be related to the main nuclear tests from 1952 up to 1960. This delay appears longer for the large 1961-62 devices. For the French southern hemisphere experiments, it is about one year. A sharp tritium decrease is observed after a high 1973 peak, providing a new tritium reference level for future glaciological studies in Antarctica. The beta and tritium peaks occur during the Antarctic summer and the Antarctic winter respectively, showing different injection mechanisms. This winter input and the high tritium values registered at the South Pole indicate a preferential tritium transfer over the polar region. Two mechanisms, stratospheric-tropospheric exchange and direct stratospheric cloud precipitation, could account for this injection. (author)

  18. Effect of materials and manufacturing on the bending stiffness of vaulting poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, C. L.; Kukureka, S. N.

    2012-09-01

    The increase in the world record height achieved in pole vaulting can be related to the improved ability of the athletes, in terms of their fitness and technique, and to the change in materials used to construct the pole. For example in 1960 there was a change in vaulting pole construction from bamboo to glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites. The lighter GFRP pole enabled the athletes to have a faster run-up, resulting in a greater take-off speed, giving them more kinetic energy to convert into potential energy and hence height. GFRP poles also have a much higher failure stress than bamboo, so the poles were engineered to bend under the load of the athlete, thereby storing elastic strain energy that can be released as the pole straightens, resulting in greater energy efficiency. The bending also allowed athletes to change their vaulting technique from a style that involved the body remaining almost upright during the vault to one where the athlete goes over the bar with their feet upwards. Modern vaulting poles can be made from GFRP and/or carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. The addition of carbon fibres maintains the mechanical properties of the pole, but allows a reduction in the weight. The number and arrangement of the fibres determines the mechanical properties, in particular the bending stiffness. Vaulting poles are also designed for an individual athlete to take into account each athlete’s ability and physical characteristics. The poles are rated by ‘weight’ to allow athletes to select an appropriate pole for their ability. This paper will review the development of vaulting poles and the requirements to maximize performance. The properties (bending stiffness and pre-bend) and microstructure (fibre volume fraction and lay-up) of typical vaulting poles will be discussed. Originally published as Davis C L and Kukureka S N (2004) Effect of materials and manufacturing on the bending stiffness of vaulting poles The Engineering of

  19. Development of a field pole of 1 MW-class HTS motor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a field-pole high-temperature superconductor (HTS) magnet designed for 1 MW-class motor for propulsion. The field pole is assembled to the rotor of the radial-type motor. Each field pole is composed of HTS-Bi2223 tape wound into coils which have been piled up as a double pancake coils. In the design concept of the motor, we employ field poles without iron core. We prepared the test field-pole coil, whose dimension is smaller than the designed one for 1 MW, and tested its performances after cooling under self-field and external magnetic field. We verified the operation with the minimum bend radius of the coils required in the motor design, while keeping an optimal current which is lower than the critical current of the field-pole coil. The test HTS field poles were successfully cooled down and operated under a magnetic field ranging up to 5 T. We report the results of the test field-pole coil and the manufacture of a practical racetrack coil with Bi2223 and discuss the adaptability to 1 MW-class motors.

  20. Germline variants in POLE are associated with early onset mismatch repair deficient colorectal cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsayed, F.A.; Kets, C.M.; Ruano, D.; Akker, B. van den; Mensenkamp, A.R.; Schrumpf, M.; Nielsen, M.; Wijnen, J.T.; Tops, C.M.; Ligtenberg, M.J.; Vasen, H.F.A.; Hes, F.J.; Morreau, H.; Wezel, T. van

    2015-01-01

    Germline variants affecting the exonuclease domains of POLE and POLD1 predispose to multiple colorectal adenomas and/or colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of previously described heterozygous germline variants POLE c.1270C>G, p.(Leu424Val) and POLD1 c.14

  1. Risk Management in the Original Extreme Sporting Event: The Pole Vault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemiller, Jim; Hardin, Robin

    2010-01-01

    The pole vault was considered the ultimate test of physical ability and daring before the advent of modern extreme sports such as skateboarding, snowboarding, and mountain biking. The inherent risks of the pole vault have been well documented. The National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research reported in 2007 that the catastrophic injury…

  2. Parametric analysis on ground level safety near steel poles under fault conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Y.; Ma, J.; Dawalibi, F.P. [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, PQ (Canada)

    2008-07-01

    When an electrical fault occurs on a distribution or transmission steel pole, the faulted pole or adjacent poles can experience a sharp increase in ground potential. This paper presented a detailed study that investigated the design of a buried grounding loop around the base of the pole. A series of computer simulations were carried out to determine the effectiveness of various ground loop arrangements in various soil models in minimizing touch and step voltages near a faulted pole. When a fault occurs, the earth surface voltage gradient near the tower is increased and could represent a hazard for people nearby. As such, an appropriate pole grounding design is needed. This detailed parametric analysis showed how the grounding system can effectively reduce the touch and step voltages on the pole ground level. In general, the installation of a buried grounding loop around the pole decreases the touch voltages but increases the step voltages. Increasing the grounding system radius can improve the touch voltage significantly without increasing the step voltage. Large variations in soil resistivity with depth have a large impact on the performance of the grounding system. Burying the grounding system in a relatively low soil resistivity layer can maximize the effectiveness of the grounding system for both touch and step voltages. In urban areas with a network of metallic pipes that are connected to the neutral customer service, the touch and step voltages are significantly reduced. 2 refs., 5 tabs., 7 figs.

  3. Laser assisted modification of poled silver-doped nanocomposite soda-lime glass

    OpenAIRE

    Drevinskas Rokas; Beresna Martynas; Deparis Olivier; Kazansky Peter G.

    2013-01-01

    Thermal poling assisted homogenization of polydisperse Ag nanoparticles embedded in the soda-lime glass is demonstrated. The homogenization leads to the narrowing of the localized surface plasmon resonance. The subsequent irradiation with linearly polarized ultrashort laser pulses induces spectrally defined and four times larger dichroism than in non-poled sample.

  4. Laser assisted modification of poled silver-doped nanocomposite soda-lime glass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drevinskas Rokas

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Thermal poling assisted homogenization of polydisperse Ag nanoparticles embedded in the soda-lime glass is demonstrated. The homogenization leads to the narrowing of the localized surface plasmon resonance. The subsequent irradiation with linearly polarized ultrashort laser pulses induces spectrally defined and four times larger dichroism than in non-poled sample.

  5. Field fine tuning by pole height adjustment for the undulator of the TTF-FEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The field of the undulator for the VUV-FEL at the TESLA Test Facility has to meet very tough tolerances in order to guarantee a close overlap between the electron beam and the laser field. Consequently the undulator was designed to have height-adjustable poles in order to allow for fine tuning of the vertical undulator field in such a way that the trajectory is straightened. The signature of local pole height and gap changes on the field distribution was investigated. It was seen that changes are not restricted to the pole itself. Its effect can be seen up to the next eight neighboring poles. In this contribution we describe an algorithm in detail, which allows the prediction of required pole height changes in order to correct for field errors. As input data field errors deduced from precise magnetic field measurements are used together with the signatures of pole movements. A band diagonal system of linear equations has to be solved to obtain the pole height corrections. For demonstration of the method the field of the 0.9 m long prototype structure was optimized to have a straight trajectory. Since only a sparse band diagonal system of equations has to be solved, the method has the potential to be used in very long undulators having 600 -1000 poles

  6. Reducing hot-short cracking in iridium GTA welding using four-pole oscillation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hot-short cracking, an intrinsic problem in iridium welding, has been reduced using four-pole magnetic arc oscillation. For given batches of iridium, reject rates have been reduced from 26% to 2%. The mechanics of the four-pole oscillator, the microstructural effects and the causes for improvement are discussed

  7. Membrane recycling at the infranuclear pole of the outer hair cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harasztosi, Csaba; Harasztosi, Emese; Gummer, Anthony W.

    2015-12-01

    Rapid endocytic activity of outer hair cells (OHCs) in the guinea-pig cochlea has been already studied using the fluorescent membrane marker FM1-43. It was demonstrated that vesicles were endocytosed at the apical pole of OHCs and transcytosed to the basolateral membrane and through a central strand towards the nucleus. The significance of endocytic activity in the infranuclear region is still not clear. Therefore, in this study endocytic activity at the synaptic pole of OHCs was investigated. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to visualize dye uptake of OHCs isolated from the guinea-pig cochlea. Signal intensity changes were quantified in the apical and basal poles relative to the signal at the membrane. Data showed no significant difference in fluorescent signal intensity changes between the opposite poles of the OHC. These results suggest that endocytic activities in both the basal and the apical poles contribute equally to the membrane recycling of OHCs.

  8. Glass fiber -reinforced plastic tapered poles for transmission and distribution lines: development and experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A research project to develop lightweight poles for use in power transmission and distribution lines and involving the use of glass fiber-reinforced plastic using the filament winding process is described. Twelve full scale specimen poles were designed, fabricated and subjected to cantilever bending to test failure modes. The test parameters included fiber orientation, ratio of longitudinal-to-circumferential fiber, and the number of layers. Results showed that local buckling was the most dominant failure mode, attributable to the high radius-to-thickness ratio of the specimen poles. Overall, however, these fiber-reinforced plastic poles compared favourably to wooden poles in carrying capacity with significant weight reduction. Lateral displacement at ultimate loads did not exceed the acceptable limit of 10 per cent of the specimen free length. 7 refs., 3 tabs., 2 figs

  9. FEM Analysis of Brushless DC Servomotor with Fractional Number of Slots per Pole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BALUTA, G.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors present in this paper the analysis with Finite Element Method (FEM of the magnetic circuit for a Brushless DC servomotor with fractional number of slots/pole (9 slots and 10 poles. For this purpose, FEMM 4.2 software package was used for the analysis. To obtain the waveforms of Back-ElectroMotive Forces (BEMFs, electromagnetic and cogging torque for servomotor a program in LUA scripting language (integrated into interactive shell of FEMM4.2 has been created. A comparation with a structure with integer number of slots/pole (18 slots and 6 poles was also realized. The analysis results prove that the structure chosen is an optimal solution: sinusoidal waveforms of BEMFs, improved electromagnetic torque and reduced cogging torque. Therefore, the operating characteristics of the servomotor with 9/10 slots/poles manufactured by Sistem Euroteh Company and included in an integrated electrical drives system are presented in this paper.

  10. North Pole ice thickness and association with ice motion history 1977-1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shy, Timothy L.; Walsh, John E.

    Ice drafts measured by U.S. Navy submarine sonar near the North Pole from 1977 to 1992 were used together with Arctic Ocean drifting buoy data from 1979 to 1992 to investigate North Pole ice thickness changes during this 15-year period. A primary objective was to determine dynamical forcing mechanisms and associated time scales relevant to ice thickness variation. North Pole ice thickness showed much interannual variability, and no systematic decrease of ice thickness was observed. Changes in ice thickness were closely associated with long-term directional deviation of ice motion from geostrophic wind-forcing, and with ice convergence and divergence at the North Pole during the 1-2 weeks prior to submarine measurement. The geographic origin of ice within the Arctic Ocean was not associated with its eventual thickness at the North Pole.

  11. Reliability assessment of power pole infrastructure incorporating deterioration and network maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is considerable investment in timber utility poles worldwide, and there is a need to examine the structural reliability and probability based management optimisation of these power distribution infrastructure elements. The work presented in this paper builds on the existing studies in this area through assessment of both treated and untreated timber power poles, with the effects of deterioration and network maintenance incorporated in the analysis. This more realistic assessment approach, with deterioration and maintenance considered, was achieved using event-based Monte Carlo simulation. The output from the probabilistic model is used to illustrate the importance of considering network maintenance in the time-dependent structural reliability assessment of timber power poles. Under wind load, treated and untreated poles designed and maintained in accordance with existing Australian standards were found to have similar failure rates. However, untreated pole networks required approximately twice as many maintenance based pole replacements to sustain the same level of reliability. The effect of four different network maintenance strategies on infrastructure performance was also investigated herein. This assessment highlighted the fact that slight alterations to network maintenance practices can lead to significant changes in performance of timber power pole networks. - Highlights: • A time-dependent structural reliability model was developed for timber power poles. • Deterioration and network maintenance were incorporated into this event based model. • Network maintenance had a significant impact on power pole wind vulnerability. • Treated and untreated poles designed to Australian standards had similar reliability. • Minor alterations to maintenance strategies had large effects on network performance

  12. Status of the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the low flux of ultra-high energetic neutrinos induced in interactions of cosmic rays with the cosmic microwave background, very large instrumented volumes and new registration techniques are necessary for their detection. The south polar ice offers the unique opportunity to implement existing Cherenkov techniques as well as registration of radio and acoustic waves from the neutrino interaction. A simulation of a ∼ 120 km3 hybrid optical/radio/acoustic detector showed that event rates of ∼ 10 per year can be achieved. In this simulation the ultrasonic parameters of antarctic ice regarding absorption, scattering and environmental noise pose the key uncertainty. To evaluate the acoustic properties in-situ, the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) has been created. An array of custom-made ultrasonic sensors and transmitters will be deployed on three strings in the upper 400 m of the holes of the IceCube experiment. The status of the experiment and a first evaluation of its performance are presented here

  13. Lunar South Pole Topography Derived from Clementine Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosiek, M. R.; Kirk, R.; Howington-Kraus, A.

    1999-01-01

    During the Clementine Mission both oblique and vertical multispectral images were collected. The oblique and vertical images from a single spectral band collected during the same orbit form a stereo pair that can be used to derive the topography. These stereo pairs are being used to derive the topography of an area (90 deg S to 650S latitude) surrounding the lunar south pole. Work on the lunar north pole topography will start after completion of the south pole topography. This report provides an update on the initial results for the lunar south pole topography. In 1994, the Clementine spacecraft acquired digital images of the Moon at visible and near-infrared wavelengths. Onboard there were four camera systems and a laser altimeter. During the first pass, periapsis was at 30S and the highest resolution images were obtained in the southern hemisphere. Over the northern polar area, a series of oblique and vertical images were obtained with the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) camera on each orbit. During the second pass, periapsis was at 30N and the image acquisition strategy was reversed. The UV-VIS camera image size was 384 x 288 pixels with five spectral bands and one broad band. The 750-nm-band stereo pairs are the primary image source for this study. The ground sample distances (GSD) for oblique images range from 300 to 400m. The GSD for the vertical images, acquired at the end of an orbit, are slightly larger and range from 325 to 450 m. Using the formula for stereo-height accuracy, an estimate of height accuracy is 180m. This formula is IFOVMAX)/(K*B/H with IFOVMAX defined as Maximum Instantaneous Field of View; B/H is the base-to-height ratio and K is an estimate of pixel measurement accuracy on the imagery. The Clementine laser altimeter (LIDAR) data were used previously to produce a global topographic model of the Moon . The model has a vertical accuracy of about 100 m and a spatial resolution of 2.5 deg. Altimetry data were collected between 79S and 810N

  14. Gust Buffeting and Aeroelastic Behaviour of Poles and Monotubular Towers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solari, G.; Pagnini, L. C.

    1999-10-01

    The evolution in the constructional field and the realization of ever more slender and light structures have emphasized the increasing difficulty of properly evaluating the actions and effects of wind on poles and monotubular towers. Faced with this situation the Italian constructors, united in a consortium coordinated by ACS ACAI Servizi, entrusted the Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering of Genova University with the task of formulating an ad hoc calculation procedure for this type of structure. This gave rise to a wide-ranging research project in which theoretical models, experimental evaluations and engineering methods were developed in parallel through an effective and quite a unique co-operation between researchers, designers and builders. This paper illustrates the physical aspects, the general principles and the basic formulation of the method proposed, with special emphasis on gust buffeting and aeroelastic phenomena. Preliminary results of full-scale measurements of the structural damping are also presented. The conclusions highlight the scientific and technical perspectives of this research.

  15. Regionalized Lunar South Pole Surface Navigation System Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryan W. Welch

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Apollo missions utilized Earth-based assets for navigation, since the landings took place at lunar locations in constant view from the Earth. The new exploration campaign to the lunar South Pole region will have limited Earth visibility, but the extent to which a navigation system comprised solely of Earth-based tracking stations will provide adequate navigation solutions in this region is unknown. This article presents a dilution-of-precision-(DoP- based stationary surface navigation analysis of the performance of multiple lunar satellite constellations, Earth-based deep space network assets, and combinations thereof. Results show that kinematic and integrated solutions cannot be provided by the Earth-based deep space network stations. Also, the surface stationary navigation system needs to be operated as a two-way navigation system, or as a one-way navigation system with local terrain information, while integrating the position solution over a short duration of time with navigation signals being provided by a lunar satellite constellation.

  16. An Optical Source Catalog of the North Ecliptic Pole Region

    CERN Document Server

    Hwang, Narae; Lee, Hyung Mok; Im, Myungshin; Kim, Taehyun; Matsuhara, Hideo; Wada, Takehiko; Oyabu, Shinki; Pak, Soojong; Chun, Moo-Young; Watarai, Hidenori; Nakagawa, Takao; Pearson, Chris; Takagi, Toshinobu; Hanami, Hitoshi; White, Glenn J

    2007-01-01

    We present a five (u*,g',r',i',z') band optical photometry catalog of the sources in the North Ecliptic Pole (NEP) region based on deep observations made with MegaCam at CFHT. The source catalog covers about 2 square degree area centered at the NEP and reaches depths of about 26 mag for u*, g', r' bands, about 25 mag for i' band, and about 24 mag for z' band (4 sigma detection over an 1 arcsec aperture). The total number of cataloged sources brighter than r'= 23 mag is about 56,000 including both point sources and extended sources. From the investigation of photometric properties using the color-magnitude diagrams and color-color diagrams, we have found that the colors of extended sources are mostly (u*-r') 0.5. This can be used to separate the extended sources from the point sources reliably, even for the faint source domain where typical morphological classification schemes hardly work efficiently. We have derived an empirical color-redshift relation of the red sequence galaxies using the Sloan Digital Sky...

  17. Using airborne HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) to evaluate model and remote sensing estimates of atmospheric carbon dioxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Christian; Kulawik, Susan S.; Wofsy, Steven C.; Chevallier, Frédéric; Daube, Bruce; Kort, Eric A.; O'Dell, Christopher; Olsen, Edward T.; Osterman, Gregory

    2016-06-01

    In recent years, space-borne observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) have been increasingly used in global carbon-cycle studies. In order to obtain added value from space-borne measurements, they have to suffice stringent accuracy and precision requirements, with the latter being less crucial as it can be reduced by just enhanced sample size. Validation of CO2 column-averaged dry air mole fractions (XCO2) heavily relies on measurements of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON). Owing to the sparseness of the network and the requirements imposed on space-based measurements, independent additional validation is highly valuable. Here, we use observations from the High-Performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER) Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) flights from 01/2009 through 09/2011 to validate CO2 measurements from satellites (Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite - GOSAT, Thermal Emission Sounder - TES, Atmospheric Infrared Sounder - AIRS) and atmospheric inversion models (CarbonTracker CT2013B, Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) v13r1). We find that the atmospheric models capture the XCO2 variability observed in HIPPO flights very well, with correlation coefficients (r2) of 0.93 and 0.95 for CT2013B and MACC, respectively. Some larger discrepancies can be observed in profile comparisons at higher latitudes, in particular at 300 hPa during the peaks of either carbon uptake or release. These deviations can be up to 4 ppm and hint at misrepresentation of vertical transport. Comparisons with the GOSAT satellite are of comparable quality, with an r2 of 0.85, a mean bias μ of -0.06 ppm, and a standard deviation σ of 0.45 ppm. TES exhibits an r2 of 0.75, μ of 0.34 ppm, and σ of 1.13 ppm. For AIRS, we find an r2 of 0.37, μ of 1.11 ppm, and σ of 1.46 ppm, with latitude-dependent biases. For these comparisons at least 6, 20, and 50 atmospheric soundings have been averaged for GOSAT, TES, and AIRS

  18. Frequent POLE1 p.S297F mutation in Chinese patients with ovarian endometrioid carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE1) functions primarily in nuclear DNA replication and repair. Recently, POLE1 mutations were detected frequently in colorectal and endometrial carcinomas while with lower frequency in several other types of cancer, and the p.P286R and p.V411L mutations were the potential mutation hotspots in human cancers. Nevertheless, the mutation frequency of POLE1 in ovarian cancer still remains largely unknown. Here, we screened a total of 251 Chinese samples with distinct subtypes of ovarian carcinoma for the presence of POLE1 hotspot mutations by direct sequencing. A heterozygous somatic POLE1 mutation, p.S297F (c.890C>T), but not p.P286R and p.V411L hotspot mutations observed in other cancer types, was identified in 3 out of 37 (8.1%) patients with ovarian endometrioid carcinoma; this mutation was evolutionarily highly conserved from Homo sapiens to Schizosaccharomyces. Of note, the POLE1 mutation coexisted with mutation in the ovarian cancer-associated PPP2R1A (protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit A, α) gene in a 46-year-old patient, who was also diagnosed with ectopic endometriosis in the benign ovary. In addition, a 45-year-old POLE1-mutated ovarian endometrioid carcinoma patient was also diagnosed with uterine leiomyoma while the remaining 52-year-old POLE1-mutated patient showed no additional distinctive clinical manifestation. In contrast to high frequency of POLE1 mutations in ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, no POLE1 mutations were identified in patients with other subtypes of ovarian carcinoma. Our results showed for the first time that the POLE1 p.S297F mutation, but not p.P286R and p.V411L hotspot mutations observed in other cancer types, was frequent in Chinese ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, but absent in other subtypes of ovarian carcinoma. These results implicated that POLE1 p.S297F mutation might be actively involved in the pathogenesis of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, but might not be actively

  19. A double pole-gap design for low spherical aberration in thin solenoids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandran, Sona, E-mail: sona@rrcat.gov.in; Biswas, Bhaskar

    2015-10-21

    We here report a new design of a double air-slot or pole-gap type, axially thin, shielded solenoid with lower spherical aberration than conventional single pole-gap type solenoids. The net on-axis field from two optimally distanced pole gaps reduces the spherical aberration. The working principle of the model is also given by a pair of coaxial, in-air, identical current loops which can have lower spherical aberration than a single current loop. The new design is useful to achieve low spherical aberration in axially thin shielded solenoids.

  20. A double pole-gap design for low spherical aberration in thin solenoids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We here report a new design of a double air-slot or pole-gap type, axially thin, shielded solenoid with lower spherical aberration than conventional single pole-gap type solenoids. The net on-axis field from two optimally distanced pole gaps reduces the spherical aberration. The working principle of the model is also given by a pair of coaxial, in-air, identical current loops which can have lower spherical aberration than a single current loop. The new design is useful to achieve low spherical aberration in axially thin shielded solenoids

  1. Complex plane integration in the modelling of electromagnetic fields in layered media: part 2. Pole location

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This part 2 companion paper derives several related methods to determine pole location for guided electromagnetic waves in a planarly layered medium in the quasi-static approximation. Such analysis can be useful for the numerical evaluation of field representation integrals of layered earth models. Results compare favourably with a numerical nonlinear optimizer in cases where the poles are suitably distinct. A transverse resonance method is also shown to yield reasonable results. Bounds for surface wave and guided wave pole locations are also included. (paper)

  2. High-resolution second-harmonic microscopy of poled silica waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beermann, Jonas; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; Pedersen, Kjeld; Pedersen, Jacob Fage

    A second-harmonic scanning optical microscopy (SHSOM) apparatus operating in reflection is used for high-resolution imaging of second-order optical non-linearities (SONs) in electric-field poled silica-based waveguides. SHSOM of domain walls in a periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal is performed, and...... the spatial resolution at the pump wavelength of 790 nm is determined to be better than 0.7 m. SHSOM images of positively poled silica waveguides were obtained for different polarization combinations of the incident pump beam and the detected second-harmonic radiation. Calibration of the SHSOM with a...

  3. Frequent POLE1 p.S297F mutation in Chinese patients with ovarian endometrioid carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zou, Yang; Liu, Fa-Ying; Liu, Huai; Wang, Feng [Key Laboratory of Women' s Reproductive Health of Jiangxi Province, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Central Laboratory, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Li, Wei [Key Laboratory of Women' s Reproductive Health of Jiangxi Province, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Central Laboratory, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Graduate School of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China); Huang, Mei-Zhen [Graduate School of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China); Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Institute, Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330029 (China); Huang, Yan; Yuan, Xiao-Qun [Key Laboratory of Women' s Reproductive Health of Jiangxi Province, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Central Laboratory, Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006 (China); Graduate School of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China); Xu, Xiao-Yun [Graduate School of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China); Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Institute, Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330029 (China); Huang, Ou-Ping, E-mail: huangouping@gmail.com [Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Institute, Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330029 (China); He, Ming, E-mail: jxhm56@hotmail.com [Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Nanchang University School of Pharmaceutical Science, Nanchang 330006 (China)

    2014-03-15

    The catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE1) functions primarily in nuclear DNA replication and repair. Recently, POLE1 mutations were detected frequently in colorectal and endometrial carcinomas while with lower frequency in several other types of cancer, and the p.P286R and p.V411L mutations were the potential mutation hotspots in human cancers. Nevertheless, the mutation frequency of POLE1 in ovarian cancer still remains largely unknown. Here, we screened a total of 251 Chinese samples with distinct subtypes of ovarian carcinoma for the presence of POLE1 hotspot mutations by direct sequencing. A heterozygous somatic POLE1 mutation, p.S297F (c.890C>T), but not p.P286R and p.V411L hotspot mutations observed in other cancer types, was identified in 3 out of 37 (8.1%) patients with ovarian endometrioid carcinoma; this mutation was evolutionarily highly conserved from Homo sapiens to Schizosaccharomyces. Of note, the POLE1 mutation coexisted with mutation in the ovarian cancer-associated PPP2R1A (protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit A, α) gene in a 46-year-old patient, who was also diagnosed with ectopic endometriosis in the benign ovary. In addition, a 45-year-old POLE1-mutated ovarian endometrioid carcinoma patient was also diagnosed with uterine leiomyoma while the remaining 52-year-old POLE1-mutated patient showed no additional distinctive clinical manifestation. In contrast to high frequency of POLE1 mutations in ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, no POLE1 mutations were identified in patients with other subtypes of ovarian carcinoma. Our results showed for the first time that the POLE1 p.S297F mutation, but not p.P286R and p.V411L hotspot mutations observed in other cancer types, was frequent in Chinese ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, but absent in other subtypes of ovarian carcinoma. These results implicated that POLE1 p.S297F mutation might be actively involved in the pathogenesis of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, but might not be actively

  4. Seasonal variations of temperature and composition at the Titan poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coustenis, Athena; Jennings, Donald E.; Achterberg, Richard K.; Bampasidis, Georgios; Lavvas, Panayiotis; Nixon, Conor A.; Teanby, Nicholas A.; Cottini, Valeria; Anderson, Carrie M.; Flasar, F. Michael

    2015-11-01

    We present an analysis of spectra acquired by Cassini/CIRS at high resolution from October 2010 until September 2014 in nadir mode ([1] & refs therein). Since 2010 we have observed the appearance at Titan’s south pole of several trace species for the first time, such as HC3N and C6H6, observed only at high northern latitudes before equinox. We investigate here latitudes poleward of 50°S and 50°N from 2010 (after the Southern Autumnal Equinox) until 2014. For some of the most abundant and longest-lived hydrocarbons (C2H2, C2H6 and C3H8) and CO2, the evolution in the past 4 years at a given latitude is not significant within error bars until mid-2013. More recently, these molecules show a trend for increase in the south. This trend is dramatically more pronounced for the other trace species, especially in 2013-2014, and at 70°S relative to 50°S. These two regions then demonstrate that they are subject to different dynamical processes in and out of the polar vortex region. For most species, we find higher abundances at 50°N compared to 50°S, with the exception of C3H8, CO2, C6H6 and HC3N, which arrive at similar mixing ratios after mid-2013. While the 70°N data show generally no change except a small decrease for most species within 2014, the 70°S results indicate a strong enhancement in trace stratospheric gases after 2012. The 663 cm-1 HC3N and the C6H6 674 cm-1 emission bands appeared in late 2011/early 2012 in the south polar regions and have since then exhibited a dramatic increase in their abundances. At 70°S HC3N, HCN and C6H6 have increased by 3 orders of magnitude over the past 3-4 years while other molecules, including C2H4, C3H4 and C4H2, have increased less sharply (by 1-2 orders of magnitude). This is a strong indication of the rapid and sudden buildup of the gaseous inventory in the southern stratosphere during 2013-2014, as expected as the pole moves deeper into winter shadow. Subsiding gases that accumulate in the absence of ultraviolet

  5. Titan's temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coustenis, Athena; Jennings, Donald E.; Achterberg, Richard K.; Bampasidis, Georgios; Lavvas, Panayiotis; Nixon, Conor A.; Teanby, Nicholas A.; Anderson, Carrie M.; Cottini, Valeria; Flasar, F. Michael

    2016-05-01

    We analyze spectra acquired by the Cassini/Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) at high resolution from October 2010 until September 2014 in nadir mode. Up until mid 2012, Titan's Northern atmosphere exhibited the enriched chemical content found since the Voyager days (November 1980), with a peak around the Northern Spring Equinox (NSE) in 2009. Since then, we have observed the appearance at Titan's south pole of several trace species for the first time, such as HC3N and C6H6, observed only at high northern latitudes before equinox. We investigate here latitudes poleward of 50°S and 50°N from 2010 (after the Southern Autumnal Equinox) until 2014. For some of the most abundant and longest-lived hydrocarbons (C2H2, C2H6 and C3H8) and CO2, the evolution in the past 4 years at a given latitude is not very significant within error bars especially until mid-2013. In more recent dates, these molecules show a trend for increase in the south. This trend is dramatically more pronounced for the other trace species, especially in 2013-2014, and at 70°S relative to 50°S. These two regions then demonstrate that they are subject to different dynamical processes in and out of the polar vortex region. For most species, we find higher abundances at 50°N compared to 50°S, with the exception of C3H8, CO2, C6H6 and HC3N, which arrive at similar mixing ratios after mid-2013. While the 70°N data show generally no change with a trend rather to a small decrease for most species within 2014, the 70°S results indicate a strong enhancement in trace stratospheric gases after 2012. The 663 cm-1 HC3N and the C6H6 674 cm-1 emission bands appeared in late 2011/early 2012 in the south polar regions and have since then exhibited a dramatic increase in their abundances. At 70°S HC3N, HCN and C6H6 have increased by 3 orders of magnitude over the past 3-4 years while other molecules, including C2H4, C3H4 and C4H2, have increased less sharply (by 1-2 orders of magnitude). This is a strong

  6. ULYSSES comes full circle, before revisiting the Sun's poles

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-01

    From its unique perspective, Ulysses has provided scientists with the very first all-round map of the heliosphere, the huge bubble in space filled by the Sun's wind. The Earth swims deep inside the heliosphere, and gusts and shocks in the solar wind can harm satellites, power supplies and ommunications. They may also affect our planet's weather. A better grasp of the solar weather in the heliosphere is therefore one of the major aims of ESA's science programme. In a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA, Ulysses was launched towards Jupiter in October 1990 by the US space shuttle Discovery. Arriving in February 1992, Ulysses stole energy from the giant planet in a slingshot manoeuvre and was propelled back towards the Sun in an elongated orbit almost at right angles to the ecliptic plane, where the Earth and other planets circle the Sun. "This month Ulysses returns to the point in space where its out-of-ecliptic journey began, but Jupiter isn't there," explains Richard Marsden, ESA's project scientist for Ulysses. "Following its own inexorable path around the Sun, Jupiter is far away on the opposite side of the Solar System. So Ulysses' course will not be changed a second time. The spacecraft is now in effect a man-made comet, forever bound into a 6-year polar orbit around the Sun." Ulysses now starts its second orbit. It will travel over the poles of the Sun in 2000-2001 just as the count of dark sunspots is expected to reach a maximum. With its operational life extended for the Ulysses Solar Maximum Mission, the spacecraft will find the heliosphere much stormier than during its first orbit. Discoveries so far Like its mythical namesake, Ulysses has already had an eventful voyage of discovery. Its unique trajectory has provided the scientific teams with a new perspective, from far out in space and especially in the previously unknown regions of the heliosphere over the Sun's poles. Passing within 9.8 degrees of the polar axis, the highly

  7. Comparison of novel liquid electrodes for silica optical fiber thermal poling

    OpenAIRE

    De Lucia, Francesco; Corbari, Costantino; Keefer, Derek; Sazio, Pier-John

    2016-01-01

    We report experimental analysis of optical fibers thermally poled over long lengths using novel types of internal liquid electrodes to generate effective second-order nonlinearities. Our analysis includes transmission losses, depletion region formation, SHG at telecom pump wavelengths.

  8. Lowering the pump power requirement for squeezed light generation using a periodically poled crystal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ulrik Lund; Buchhave, Preben

    2003-01-01

    Observations of continuous wave bright squeezed light from an intra-cavity periodically poled KTP second harmonic generator are presented. The experiment includes characterization of the classical as well as the quantum properties of the system....

  9. Czech Images and Stereotypes of a Neighbouring Nation: The Poles in the Renaissance and Reformation Age

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pánek, Jaroslav

    Praha : Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy, 2009 - (Hasil, J.), s. 151-170 ISBN 978-80-7308-274-1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : History * Czech nobility * Poles Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, IPPCalifLine, Published in 2008, Millard County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'IPPCalifLine'. Data by this...

  11. Discontinuous behaviour of polarization angular parameters at the poles of Poincare sphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieg, B.; Chrzanowski, J.; Kravcov, Yu. A.

    2012-01-01

    The behavior of four angular parameters describing polarization ellipse is analyzed in the vicinity of Poincare sphere poles. It is shown that the phenomenon of step-wise change of azimuthal angle of polarization ellipse at π/2 near poles s3 = ±1 is not accompanied by discontinuities in other parameters of polarization ellipse. In particular the dual system of angular parameters "amplitude-ratio angle and phase difference" do not experience any discontinuities near the poles s3 = ±1. The same is true for the area of polarization ellipse, which is shown to be continuous on the whole Poincare sphere. Analogously, step-wise change of phase difference at π near poles s1 = ±1 is not accompanied by any discontinuities in basic system of angular parameters "azimuth-ellipticity". General features of angular parameters behavior are illustrated by the results of numerical modelling.

  12. REGION NORTH OF TEACHER EDUCATION POLICY AND EVALUATION OF POLES OPEN UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso José da Costa

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This text aims to present, in general, the north region and policies for teacher training implemented in the last 5 years, locating in this context the importance of the Brazil Open University system and its supporting poles face as methodology research linked to the project "Institutionalization of Distance Education in Brazil." Greater emphasis will be given to data from the states of Pará and Acre, given that two authors of this text act as coordinators of the poles supporting attendance System Open University of Brazil in these states. We design the text, based on testimony of poles coordinators who participated in participatory research, conducted by the Research Group "Teacher education and information and communication technologies", LANTE / UFF. We aim also to identify the structure and functioning of the Poles face Supporting UAB in the North as well as the assessment tool applied in this region.

  13. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, electric transmission line, Published in unknown, Kleinschmidt.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'electric transmission line'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  14. Cassini Returns to Saturn's Poles: Seasonal Change in the Polar Vortices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Leigh N.; Orton, G. S.; Irwin, P. G. J.; Sinclair, J. A.; Hesman, B. E.; Hurley, J.; Bjoraker, G. L.; Simon-Miller, A. A.

    2013-01-01

    High inclination orbits during Cassini's solstice mission (2012) are providing us with our first observations of Saturn's high latitudes since the prime mission (2007). Since that time, the northern spring pole has emerged into sunlight and the southern autumn pole has disappeared into winter darkness, allowing us to study the seasonal changes occurring within the polar vortices in response to these dramatic insolation changes. Observations from the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer] have revealed (i) the continued presence of small, cyclonic polar hotspots at both spring and autumn poles; and (ii) the emergence of an infrared-bright polar vortex at the north pole, consistent with the historical record of Saturn observations from the 1980s (previous northern spring).

  15. Relation Between the Pole Mass and MS Mass of Top Quark in Supersymmetric QCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENShao-Long; FENGTai-Fu; 等

    2001-01-01

    We discuss the relation between the pole mass and MS mass of top quark in the framework of the supersymmetric QCD.We find that the supersymmetric contributions are comparable to those of the standard model.

  16. Optimizing electrical poling for tetragonal, lead-free BZT-BCT piezoceramic alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Binzhi; Ehmke, Matthias C.; Blendell, John E.; Bowman, Keith J. [IIT; (Purdue)

    2014-02-13

    The piezoelectric properties of tetragonal BZT–BCT materials have been shown to be improved by using the field cooling poling method. It is shown that the piezoelectric coefficient of tetragonal BZT–BCT materials increases with higher poling temperature, and the optimum poling temperature lies near the Curie temperatures for a broad range of compositions. It is also observed from in situ X-ray diffraction measurements with an applied electric field that the magnitude of domain alignment is enhanced with electrical poling at higher electric fields, whereas the remnant ferroelastic domain texture is not affected. Furthermore, these results show a direct correlation between the development of internal bias field, which is induced by the accumulation of defect charge carriers, and the enhanced piezoelectric coefficient. These observations suggest an important role played by the alignment of defect charge carriers in achieving optimum piezoelectric coefficient in lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.

  17. Application of Corona Discharge for Poling Ferroelectric and Nonlinear Optical Polymers

    OpenAIRE

    Fedosov, S. N.; Sergeeva, A. E.; Revenyuk, T. A.; Butenko, A. F.

    2007-01-01

    Four modifications of the corona triode are described for charging polar polymers with ferroelectric or non-linear optical properties. Advantages of the constant current modification of corona poling are illustrated and discussed.

  18. 76 FR 4078 - Television Broadcasting Services; North Pole and Plattsburgh, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; North Pole and Plattsburgh, NY AGENCY: Federal... CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble,...

  19. Unfolding the Second Riemann sheet with Pade Approximants: hunting resonance poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on Pade Theory, a new procedure for extracting the pole mass and width of resonances is proposed. The method is systematic and provides a model-independent treatment for the prediction and the errors of the approximation.

  20. Relation Between the Pole Mass and MS Mass of Top Quark in Supersymmetric QCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Shao-Long; FENG Tai-Fu; LI Xue-Qian

    2001-01-01

    We discuss the relation between the pole mass and MS mass of top quark in the framework of the supersymmetric QCD. We find that the supersymmetric contributions are comparable to those of the standard model.

  1. Combined mismatch repair and POLE/POLD1 defects explain unresolved suspected Lynch syndrome cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Anne Ml; van Wezel, Tom; van den Akker, Brendy Ewm; Ventayol Garcia, Marina; Ruano, Dina; Tops, Carli Mj; Wagner, Anja; Letteboer, Tom Gw; Gómez-García, Encarna B; Devilee, Peter; Wijnen, Juul T; Hes, Frederik J; Morreau, Hans

    2016-07-01

    Many suspected Lynch Syndrome (sLS) patients who lack mismatch repair (MMR) germline gene variants and MLH1 or MSH2 hypermethylation are currently explained by somatic MMR gene variants or, occasionally, by germline POLE variants. To further investigate unexplained sLS patients, we analyzed leukocyte and tumor DNA of 62 sLS patients using gene panel sequencing including the POLE, POLD1 and MMR genes. Forty tumors showed either one, two or more somatic MMR variants predicted to affect function. Nine sLS tumors showed a likely ultramutated phenotype and were found to carry germline (n=2) or somatic variants (n=7) in the POLE/POLD1 exonuclease domain (EDM). Six of these POLE/POLD1-EDM mutated tumors also carried somatic MMR variants. Our findings suggest that faulty proofreading may result in loss of MMR and thereby in microsatellite instability. PMID:26648449

  2. GASP II: A new-generation instrument for the gamma ray astronomy at the south pole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An imaging version of an air Cherenkov telescope for the south pole is described. Having accrued a few years experience operating an air Cherenkov prototype detector installed at the south pole, we are confident about the possibility of installing an advanced version. The final system will be formed by an array of seven identical telescopes, arranged on the corners of a hexagon and one in the center. (orig.)

  3. Radioecological monitoring of parasite community of birds on the territory of the Poles'e reserve

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the results of many years investigations of parasite fauna state and dynamic in the birds nests on the territory of Poles'e reserve it was revealed that the great bulk of arthropods in the model nests (nests of country swallow) were presented by a few species of parasites arthropod a with relatively high numbers in each one. It points out the necessary of annual epidemiological control on the territory of Poles'e reserve

  4. Resonance parameters from K-matrix and T-matrix poles

    CERN Document Server

    Workman, R L

    2008-01-01

    We extract K-matrix poles from our fits to elastic pion-nucleon scattering and eta-nucleon production data in order to test a recently proposed method for the determination of resonance properties, based on the trace of the K-matrix. We have considered issues associated with the separation of background and resonance contributions, the correspondence between K-matrix and T-matrix poles, and the complicated behavior of eigenphases.

  5. Four-pole galvanic vestibular stimulation causes body sway about three axes

    OpenAIRE

    Aoyama, Kazuma; Iizuka, Hiroyuki; Ando, Hideyuki; Maeda, Taro

    2015-01-01

    Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) can be applied to induce the feeling of directional virtual head motion by stimulating the vestibular organs electrically. Conventional studies used a two-pole GVS, in which electrodes are placed behind each ear, or a three-pole GVS, in which an additional electrode is placed on the forehead. These stimulation methods can be used to induce virtual head roll and pitch motions when a subject is looking upright. Here, we proved our hypothesis that there are ...

  6. Closed Form Fractional Integration and Differentiation via Real Exponentially Spaced Pole-Zero Pairs

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Julius Orion; Smith, Harrison Freeman

    2016-01-01

    We derive closed-form expressions for the poles and zeros of approximate fractional integrator/differentiator filters, which correspond to spectral roll-off filters having any desired log-log slope to a controllable degree of accuracy over any bandwidth. The filters can be described as a uniform exponential distribution of poles along the negative-real axis of the s plane, with zeros interleaving them. Arbitrary spectral slopes are obtained by sliding the array of zeros relative to the array ...

  7. Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate chips for optical parametric oscillators

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ashok Kaul; Ajay Mishra

    2010-11-01

    An electric-field poling process was established that yielded uniform periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) in 0.5 mm thick lithium niobate substrate. We have fabricated 50 mm long fanned as well as multigrating PPLNs having period variations from 25 m to 32 m. These PPLNs are required for quasi-phase-matched (QPM) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) applications. We have also configured a bench-top OPO set-up based on these PPLNs.

  8. Germline variants in POLE are associated with early onset mismatch repair deficient colorectal cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsayed, Fadwa A; Kets, C Marleen; Ruano, Dina; van den Akker, Brendy; Mensenkamp, Arjen R; Schrumpf, Melanie; Nielsen, Maartje; Wijnen, Juul T; Tops, Carli M; Ligtenberg, Marjolijn J; Vasen, Hans FA; Hes, Frederik J; Morreau, Hans; van Wezel, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Germline variants affecting the exonuclease domains of POLE and POLD1 predispose to multiple colorectal adenomas and/or colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of previously described heterozygous germline variants POLE c.1270C>G, p.(Leu424Val) and POLD1 c.1433G>A, p.(Ser478Asn) in a Dutch series of unexplained familial, early onset CRC and polyposis index cases. We examined 1188 familial CRC and polyposis index patients for POLE p.(Leu424Val) and POLD1 p.(Ser478Asn) variants using competitive allele-specific PCR. In addition, protein expression of the POLE and DNA mismatch repair genes was studied by immunohistochemistry in tumours from POLE carriers. Somatic mutations were screened using semiconductor sequencing. We detected three index patients (0.25%) with a POLE p.(Leu424Val) variant. In one patient, the variant was found to be de-novo. Tumours from three patients from two families were microsatellite instable, and immunohistochemistry showed MSH6/MSH2 deficiency suggestive of Lynch syndrome. Somatic mutations but no germline MSH6 and MSH2 variants were subsequently found, and one tumour displayed a hypermutator phenotype. None of the 1188 patients carried the POLD1 p.(Ser478Asn) variant. POLE germline variant carriers are also associated with a microsatellite instable CRC. POLE DNA analysis now seems warranted in microsatellite instable CRC, especially in the absence of a causative DNA mismatch repair gene germline variant. PMID:25370038

  9. Posterior Pole Sparing Laser Photocoagulation Combined with Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injection in Posterior Retinopathy of Prematurity

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To report the results of the posterior pole sparing laser photocoagulation combined with intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Methods. A retrospective chart review of premature babies with ROP, all of whom received laser photocoagulation with IVB. Eleven eyes of 6 infants with advanced zone I ROP underwent laser ablation sparing posterior pole with concurrent IVB. The results were compared with those of full-laser treatment combined with IVB t...

  10. Design, modeling and testing of the Askaryan Radio Array South Pole autonomous renewable power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the design, construction and operation of the Askaryan Radio Array (ARA) Autonomous Renewable Power Stations, initially installed at the South Pole in December, 2010 with the goal of providing an independently operating 100 W power source capable of year-round operation in extreme environments. In addition to particle astrophysics applications at the South Pole, such a station can easily be, and has since been, extended to operation elsewhere, as described herein

  11. Design, modeling and testing of the Askaryan Radio Array South Pole autonomous renewable power stations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besson, D.Z., E-mail: zedlam@ku.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, 1082 Malott Hall, 1251 Wescoe Hall Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045-7582 (United States); Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute, 31 Kashirskaya Highway, Moscow 115409 (Russian Federation); Kennedy, D.M., E-mail: dmkennedy@ku.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, 1082 Malott Hall, 1251 Wescoe Hall Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045-7582 (United States); Ratzlaff, K., E-mail: ratzlaff@ku.edu [Instrumentation Design Laboratory, University of Kansas, 6042 Malott Hall, 1251 Wescoe Hall Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045-7582 (United States); Young, R., E-mail: rwyoung@ku.edu [Instrumentation Design Laboratory, University of Kansas, 6042 Malott Hall, 1251 Wescoe Hall Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045-7582 (United States)

    2014-11-01

    We describe the design, construction and operation of the Askaryan Radio Array (ARA) Autonomous Renewable Power Stations, initially installed at the South Pole in December, 2010 with the goal of providing an independently operating 100 W power source capable of year-round operation in extreme environments. In addition to particle astrophysics applications at the South Pole, such a station can easily be, and has since been, extended to operation elsewhere, as described herein.

  12. Unfolding the Second Riemann sheet with Pade Approximants: hunting resonance poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the mathematically well defined Pade Theory, a theoretically safe new procedure for the extraction of the pole mass and width of resonances is proposed. In particular, thanks to the Montessus de Ballore theorem we are able to unfold the Second Riemann sheet of a amplitude to search the position of the resonant pole in the complex plane. The main advantage of that method is it systematical and model-independent treatment of the prediction and the corresponding errors of the approximation.

  13. Gil-Vernet Antireflux Surgery in Treatment of Lower Pole Reflux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Simforoosh

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Prevalence of ureter and kidney duplication is roughly 1 per 125 people, and is associated with vesicoureteral reflux to lower pole in about 45% of cases. From antireflux surgical principles viewpoint, standard antireflux surgeries can be performed in these kidneys without releasing ureters from each other. We studied the results of Gil-Vernet antireflux surgery in 12 patients with duplicated collecting system and lower pole reflux. Materials and Methods: Between 1996 and 2000, 12 patients with unilateral duplicated system underwent Gil-Vernet antireflux surgery. There were 8 (67% females and 4 (33% males with a median age of 5.6 years. Of the patients, 50% had unilateral lower pole reflux in duplex system and 50% had bilateral reflux. Results: Twelve patients with lower pole reflux in duplicated system, and overall, 18 refluxing renal units were treated, using Gil-Vernet antireflux surgery. In 11 (92% patients, upper pole orifices were non-refluxing and without ureterocele. One (8% patient had upper pole ureterocele that was treated by a small medial incision in the same session. Median hospital stay was 4 days, and median follow-up was 10 months, in 10 patients who were followed. Of patients, 80% and of refluxing units, 94% improved. Overall, success rate was 88%. Conclusion: Gil-Vernet antireflux surgery is a simple technique, associating with minimum ureteral manipulation for releasing them. Accordingly, we recommend Gil-Vernet antireflux surgery as the first line surgical modality for duplicated ureters with lower pole reflux, without upper pole ureterocele.

  14. Preliminary Analyses of Transmedia Adaptations of Pictorial Narratives and Aesthetic Pole Interpretations: Reflections on Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chai Lai

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Transmedia narratives are a key topic of communication research. Transmedia adaptations occur when a narrator transposes an original work by using various media platforms. Considering pictorial turn, this study employed the intermediality of an animated work that was adapted from an award-winning picture book as an example to propose an analysis for theory building. After examining the literature on transmedia narratives, intermediality, and aesthetic communication, this study proposed analyses for the dimensions of transmedia adaptations of pictorial narratives and aesthetic pole interpretations. Focusing on the three layers of the artistic pole, aesthetic pole, and interactions and effects, this study cited the cases of award-winning picture books and adapted animated works as the basis for reflecting on aesthetic communication. The artistic pole of transmedia adaptation was used as an example of how a narrator employs intermediality by citing the pictures, plot, or art forms from an original work to reinvent structures and then adapts them according to intermediality. If the aesthetic pole views the adapted animated work after reading the picture book or forms an expectation of the adaptation because of intermediality, then when the audience watches the adapted animated work, their imagination could be stimulated by the intermediality (i.e., picture book graphics and scene depictions. For transmedia narrative interaction, the aesthetic pole must “fill blanks” or “negate” to continue to view the adaptation. For filling blanks, because of intermediality, the aesthetic pole must construct an “intracompositional intermediality” to connect with the visual and audio links of the same work or construct “extracompositional intermedialtiy” to associate the original work with the transmedia adaptation. For negation, when viewing the adaptation (i.e., presentation of picture book graphics, added music, or theme song, the aesthetic pole

  15. Car Side Structure Crashworthiness in Pole and Moving Deformable Barrier Side Impacts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Dazhi; DONG Guang; ZHANG Jinhuan; HUANG Shilin

    2006-01-01

    To clearly understand passenger car structure's crashworthiness in typical side impacts of pole and moving deformable barrier (MDB) impact modes, which could assist the establishment of Chinese vehicle side impact safety regulations, a full midsized car finite element model, calibrated by pole side impact test, was built and the pole side impact according to European New Car Assessment Program (EuroNCAP) and the MDB side impact according to ECE R95 regulations were simulated with LS-DYNA. The accelerations and the structure deformations from simulations were compared. It can be concluded that the pole side impact focuses primarily on side structure crashworthiness as a result of large intrusions, while the MDB side impact focuses primarily on full side structure crashworthiness. Accordingly, occupant protection strategies focus on different aspects to improve side impact safety. In the pole side impact the objective is to maintain the passenger compartment and protect the passenger's head from impacting the pole, while in the MDB side impact the objective is to protect the full human body. In the design of the car side structures, at least these two tests should be considered for assessing their side impact crashworthiness. Conducting these two side impact tests as certified tests provides insights into car safety during side impacts.

  16. The effect of poling conditions on the performance of piezoelectric energy harvesters fabricated by wet chemistry

    KAUST Repository

    Fuentes-Fernandez, Erika Maria-Anai

    2015-03-25

    The effect of poling conditions on the power output of piezoelectric energy harvesters using sol-gel based Pb(Zr0.53,Ti0.47)O3-Pb(Zn1/3,Nb2/3)O3 piezoelectric thin-films has been investigated. A strong correlation was established between the poling efficiency and harvester output. A method based on simple capacitance-voltage measurements is shown to be an effective approach to estimate the power output of harvesters poled under different conditions. The poling process was found to be thermally activated with an activation energy of 0.12 eV, and the optimum poling conditions were identified (200 kV cm-1, 250 °C for 50 min). The voltage output and power density obtained under optimum poling conditions were measured to be 558 V cm-2 and 325 μW cm-2, respectively. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.2015.

  17. Resolution of the multichannel anomaly in the extraction of S-matrix resonance-pole parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the framework of a mathematically well-defined coupled-channel T-matrix model we have improved the existing multichannel pole-extraction procedure based on the numerical analytic continuation of the channel propagator, and for the first time we present the full set of pole parameters for already published amplitudes. Standard single-channel pole-extraction method (speed plot) was then applied to those amplitudes and resulting sets of T-matrix poles were inspected. The anomaly has been established that in some partial waves the pole values extracted using the standard single-channel methods differ not only from the values obtained using the analytic continuation method, but also change from one reaction to another. Inspired by this peculiarity, we have developed a new single-channel pole-extraction method based solely on the assumption of the partial wave analyticity. Since the speed plot turns out to be the lowest order term of the proposed method, the anomaly is understood and resolved

  18. Automatic extraction of highway light poles and towers from mobile LiDAR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Wai Yeung; Morsy, Salem; Shaker, Ahmed; Tulloch, Mark

    2016-03-01

    Mobile LiDAR has been recently demonstrated as a viable technique for pole-like object detection and classification. Despite that a desirable accuracy (around 80%) has been reported in the existing studies, majority of them were presented in the street level with relatively flat ground and very few of them addressed how to extract the entire pole structure from the ground or curb surface. Therefore, this paper attempts to fill the research gap by presenting a workflow for automatic extraction of light poles and towers from mobile LiDAR data point cloud, with a particular focus on municipal highway. The data processing workflow includes (1) an automatic ground filtering mechanism to separate aboveground and ground features, (2) an unsupervised clustering algorithm to cluster the aboveground data point cloud, (3) a set of decision rules to identify and classify potential light poles and towers, and (4) a least-squares circle fitting algorithm to fit the circular pole structure so as to remove the ground points. The workflow was tested with a set of mobile LiDAR data collected for a section of highway 401 located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The results showed that the proposed method can achieve an over 91% of detection rate for five types of light poles and towers along the study area.

  19. Non-vascularized bone graft with herbert-type screw fixation for proximal pole scaphoid nonunion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since proximal pole fractures of the scaphoid are frequently overlooked, the poor vascularity in the proximal pole fragment often leads to nonunion. Vascularized bone grafts have been recently tested in cases with scaphoid proximal pole nonunion, but the indication for this treatment has not been well established. Alternatively, we have been treating such patients with a non-vascularized iliac bone graft and Herbert-type screw fixation with considerable success. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate these cases retrospectively and clarify the surgical efficacy of our procedure. Between 1996 and 2009, 11 consecutive patients with proximal pole scaphoid nonunion were treated with a non-vascularized corticocancellous iliac bone graft and Herbert-type screw fixation. They were all male aged from 12 to 26 years. In two patients, avascular changes were recognized in the proximal pole in preoperative radiographs or MRI. Follow-up ranged from 12 to 76 months. Bone union was radiographically confirmed in all patients, who returned to their former activities without any complications. The period from operation to union ranged from 12 to 24 weeks. The mean Mayo modified wrist score was 76.4 points preoperatively and 91.4 points postoperatively, and was improved in all cases. A non-vascularized iliac bone graft with Herbert-type screw fixation obtained satisfactory clinical and radiographic results in cases with scaphoid proximal pole nonunion, regardless of the vascularity in the proximal fragment. (author)

  20. Posterior Pole Sparing Laser Photocoagulation Combined with Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injection in Posterior Retinopathy of Prematurity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Kim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To report the results of the posterior pole sparing laser photocoagulation combined with intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP. Methods. A retrospective chart review of premature babies with ROP, all of whom received laser photocoagulation with IVB. Eleven eyes of 6 infants with advanced zone I ROP underwent laser ablation sparing posterior pole with concurrent IVB. The results were compared with those of full-laser treatment combined with IVB to 8 eyes of 5 infants with advanced ROP without involvement of the posterior pole. Results. The posterior pole sparing laser with IVB was performed with zone I, stage 3+ ROP at the mean postmenstrual age of 36 weeks and 5 days. The plus sign decreased significantly at postoperative day 1, the neovascular proliferation regressed by postoperative week 1, and the normal vascularization started at postoperative day 32 on the average. Two months after treatment, vascularization of the spared avascular area was completed. There was no macular dragging, tractional retinal detachment, foveal destruction by laser scars, or any other adverse event. No significant anatomical differences were identified from those of full-laser ablation combined with IVB. Conclusions. Posterior pole sparing laser with IVB can give favorable results without destruction of posterior pole retina.

  1. Pole-Shaped Object Detection Using Mobile LIDAR Data in Rural Road Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, M.; Husain, A.; Singh, A. K.; Lohani, B.

    2015-08-01

    Pole-shaped objects (PSOs) located along a road play key role in road safety and planning. Automation is required for calculating the numbers of trees need to be removed and utility poles need to be relocated during rural road widening. Road-side poles are among the most frequently struck road-side objects during road-side accidents. An automatic method is therefore proposed for detecting PSOs using LiDAR point cloud captured along the roadway using Mobile LiDAR system. The proposed method is tested on the point cloud data of rural road environment in India. Dataset of study area having text file size of 1.22 GB is processed in 13 minutes resulting in completeness of 88.63 % and correctness of 95.12 % in identifying PSOs within 10m of the road boundary. In data of across road coverage of 5m of the road boundary, the completeness of 93.10 % and correctness of 100% are achieved. Poles attached with other objects, tilted poles and the poles occluded by tree branches and shrubs are detected by the proposed method.

  2. The effects of walking poles on shoulder function in breast cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprod, Lisa K; Drum, Scott N; Bentz, Ann T; Carter, Susan D; Schneider, Carole M

    2005-12-01

    Breast cancer treatment often results in impaired shoulder function, in particular, decrements in muscular endurance and range of motion, which may lead to decreased quality of life. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of walking pole use on shoulder function in female breast cancer survivors. Participants had previously been treated with 1 or a combination of the following: mastectomy, breast conservation therapy, axillary lymph node dissection, chemotherapy, or radiation. Participants were randomly placed in experimental (n = 6) and control (n = 6) groups and met with a cancer exercise specialist 2 times each week for 8 weeks. The experimental group used walking poles during the 20-minute aerobic portion of their workout, whereas the control group did not use walking poles but performed 20 minutes of aerobic exercise per workout session. Both groups participated in similar resistance training programs. Testing was done pre- and postexercise intervention to determine upper body muscular endurance and active range of motion at the glenohumeral joint. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant improvements in muscular endurance as measured by the bench press (P = .046) and lat pull down (P = .013) in the walking pole group. No within-group improvements were found in the group that did not use walking poles. The data suggest that using a walking pole exercise routine for 8 weeks significantly improved muscular endurance of the upper body, which would clearly be beneficial in helping breast cancer survivors perform activities of daily living and regain an independent lifestyle. PMID:16282505

  3. Analysis of the growth poles in esthetic dentistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Dana Tudose

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Growth poles are considered dynamic elements of economic growth, responsible for economical technogical, ideological, spiritual and moral integration.Bioeconomy is currently an area of great and mighty power development. High complexity of this field is to combine the use of technologies that use biological resources in the range of human values involved. This study requires that objective SWOT analysis applied in dental esthetics with strict reference to the quality of work in relation to aesthetic and functional effectiveness of the treatment, the life, the method of reconstruction, working technique, the degree of invasiveness of treatment in relation to conservation dental tissues ,execution costs, costs of resources used in dental anterior segment reconstruction and economic analysis of the modalities of treatment techniques reported the need and level of understanding of patients on treatment aesthetic-functional complexity. As material and method took into account the interaction of four factors: Strenghts-Weaknesses-Opportunities -Hazards. In group “Strengths” we have included successful treatment aesthetic-functional execution moderate cost, short time working on the seat, which shows limited use of natural resources. In group “Weaknesses” I included invasiveness of biological treatment, increased during execution of the work, aesthetic-functional failure , lack of training practitioners in dental aesthetics, lack of existant cabinets to promote interest in aesthetic dental medicine. “Opportunities” referred to the minimally invasive treatment of dental tissue in existing clinical context with predictable results, as higher interest of patients for dental esthetics, raising the standard of care internationally. In group “Risks” (threats I listed: low resistance while works (weak predictability, decreasing purchasing power, changing customer preferences, increase service quality standards. In the second chapter we

  4. Temperature retrieval at the southern pole of the Venusian atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garate-Lopez, Itziar; Garcia-Munoz, A.; Hueso, R.; Sanchez-Lavega, A.

    2013-10-01

    Venus’ thermal radiation spectrum is punctuated by CO2 bands of various strengths probing into different atmospheric depths. It is thus possible to invert measured spectra of thermal radiation to infer atmospheric temperature profiles. VIRTIS-M observations of Venus in the 3-5 µm range allow us to study the night time thermal structure of the planet’s upper troposphere and lower mesosphere from 50 to 105 km [1, 2]. Building a forward radiative transfer model that solves the radiative transfer equation for the atmosphere on a line-by-line basis, we confirmed that aerosol scattering must be taken into account and we studied the impact of factors such as cloud opacity, and the size, composition and vertical distribution of aerosols [3]. The cloud top altitude and aerosol scale height have a notable impact on the spectrum. However, their weighting function matrices have similar structures contributing to the degeneracy of the temperature retrieval algorithm [2]. Our retrieval code is focused on the strong 4.3µm CO2 band, which enables the determination of the thermal profile above the cloud top, and based on the algorithm proposed by Grassi et al. (2008) in their equation (2). We present temperature maps for the south pole of Venus, where a highly variable vortex is observed. We aim to combine these maps with our previously measured velocity fields from the same VIRTIS-M infrared images [4], in order to infer the potential vorticity distribution for different vortex configurations and to improve the understanding of its unpredictable character and its role in the general atmospheric circulation. Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Spanish MICIIN projects AYA2009-10701 and AYA2012-36666 with FEDER funds, by Grupos Gobierno Vasco IT-765-13 and by Universidad País Vasco UPV/EHU through program UFI11/55. IGL and AGM gratefully acknowledge ESA/RSSD for hospitality and access to ‘The Grid’ computing resources. References [1] Roos-Serote, M., et al

  5. Sample Return Mission to the South Pole Aitken Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, M. B.; Clark, B. C.; Gamber, T.; Lucey, P. G.; Ryder, G.; Taylor, G. J.

    1999-01-01

    The South Pole Aitken Basin (SPA) is the largest and oldest observed feature on the Moon. Compositional and topographic data from Galileo, Clementine, and Lunar Prospector have demonstrated that SPA represents a distinctive major lunar terrane, which has not been sampled either by sample return missions (Apollo, Luna) or by lunar meteorites. The floor of SPA is characterized by mafic compositions enriched in Fe, Ti, and Th in comparison to its surroundings. This composition may represent melt rocks from the SPA event, which would be mixtures of the preexisting crust and mantle rocks. However, the Fe content is higher than expected, and the large Apollo basin, within SPA, exposes deeper material with lower iron content. Some of the Fe enrichment may represent mare and cryptomare deposits. No model adequately accounts for all of the characteristics of the SPA and disagreements are fundamental. Is mantle material exposed or contained as fragments in melt rock and breccias? If impact melt is present, did the vast sheet differentiate? Was the initial mantle and crust compositionally different from other regions of the Moon? Was the impact event somehow peculiar, (e.g., a low-velocity impact)? The precise time of formation of the SPA is unknown, being limited only by the initial differentiation of the Moon and the age of the Imbrium event, believed to be 3.9 b.y. The questions raised by the SPA can be addressed only with detailed sample analysis. Analysis of the melt rocks, fragments in breccias, and basalts of SPA can address several highly significant problems for the Moon and the history of the solar system. The time of formation of SPA, based on analysis of melt rocks formed in the event. would put limits on the period of intense bombardment of the Moon, which has been inferred by some to include a "terminal cataclysm." If close to 3.9 Ga, the presumed age of the Imbrium Basin, the SPA date would confirm the lunar cataclysm. This episode, if it occurred, would have

  6. Influence of Bipolar Pulse Poling Technique for Piezoelectric Vibration Energy Harvesters using Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Films on 200 mm SOI Wafers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piezoelectric vibration energy harvester arrays using Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films on 200 mm SOI wafers were fabricated. In-plane distribution of influence of bipolar pulse poling technique on direct current (DC) power output from the harvesters was investigated. The results indicate that combination poling treatment of DC and bipolar pulse poling increases a piezoelectric property and reduces a dielectric constant. It means that this poling technique improves the figure of merit of sensors and harvesters. Maximum DC power from a harvester treated by DC poling after bipolar pulse poling is about five times larger than a one treated by DC poling only

  7. Stabilizing Gap of Pole Electric Arc Furnace Using Smart Hydraulic System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maher Yahya Sallom

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Electric arc furnace applications in industry are related to position system of its pole, up and down of pole. The pole should be set the certain gap. These setting are needed to calibrate. It is done manually. In this research will proposed smart hydraulic to make this pole works as intelligent using proportional directional control valve. The output of this research will develop and improve the working of the electric arc furnace. This research requires study and design of the system to achieve the purpose and representation using Automation Studio software (AS, in addition to mathematically analyzed and where they were building a laboratory device similar to the design and conduct experiments to study the system in practice and compared with simulation.Experimental tests show that the performance of electro hydraulic closed loop system (EHCLS for position control is good and the output results are good and acceptable. The practical results and simulation using (AS software are clearly convergence. It was concluded that the possibility of the implementation of this project in industrial processes such as electric arc furnaces to control the distance between the pole and smelting molten material in addition to other applications.

  8. Permanent Magnet Machine And Method With Reluctance Poles For High Strength Undiffused Brushless Operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN

    2005-12-06

    A method and apparatus in which a rotor (11) and a stator (17) define a radial air gap (20) for receiving AC flux and at least one, and preferably two, DC excitation assemblies (23, 24) are positioned at opposite ends of the rotor (20) to define secondary air gaps (21, 22). Portions of PM material (14a, 14b) are provided as boundaries separating the rotor pole portions (12a, 12b) of opposite polarity from other portions of the rotor (11) and from each other to define PM poles (12a, 12b) for conveying the DC flux to or from the primary air gap (20) and for inhibiting flux from leaking from the pole portions prior to reaching the primary air gap (20). The portions of PM material (14a, 14b) are spaced from each other so as to include reluctance poles (15) of ferromagnetic material between the PM poles (12a, 12b) to interact with the AC flux in the primary-air gap (20).

  9. Residues of Complex Functions with Definite and Infinite Poles on X-axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Y. AL-Bayati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: One of the most popular areas in the mathematics is the computational complex analysis. In this study several computational complex techniques were investigated and implemented numerically. Objective: This study produced new procedures to compute the residues of complex functions by changing their numerator from a constant number to either even or odd function. Approach: In this project we studied the functions that had finite and infinite poles Zi, i greater than one of order greater or equal one, also we found new relation between residues at the poles Zi and residues at the poles -Zi, i greater than one and we had used these relations to solve improper integrals of this type. The project needed the knowledge of computing the complex improper integrations. Results: Our numerical results in computing the residues for improper integrals of definite and infinite poles on the x-axis were well defined. Conclusion: In this study, we had concluded that the residues of the complex functions had definite and infinite poles of higher order with constant numerator. A general form of residues of these functions of high orders were also investigated.

  10. Parameterization dependence of T matrix poles and eigenphases from a fit to piN elastic scattering data

    CERN Document Server

    Workman, R L; Briscoe, W J; Paris, M W; Strakovsky, I I

    2012-01-01

    We compare fits to piN elastic scattering data, based on a Chew-Mandelstam K-matrix formalism. Resonances, characterized by T-matrix poles, are compared in fits generated with and without explicit Chew-Mandelstam K-matrix poles. Diagonalization of the S matrix yields the eigenphase representation. While the eigenphases can vary significantly for the different parameterizations, the locations of most T-matrix poles are relatively stable.

  11. 3-D Finite Element Investigation of Flux Regulation Performance of a Novel Hybrid Excitation Brushless Claw-Pole Alternator

    OpenAIRE

    Qiao Dongwei; Li Yanhong; Shang Jianhua; Zhong Hui

    2015-01-01

    In consideration of low power density of electric excitation claw-pole synchronous alternator (EECA) and some difficulties in magnetic field regulation of permanent magnet claw-pole synchronous alternator (PMCA), a novel hybrid excitation brushless claw-pole alternator (HEBCA) is proposed in this paper. Its structure and field control principle are described. Three dimensional finite element analysis is used to obtain the no-load magnetic field distributions and field control capability under...

  12. Mission analysis and systems design of a near-term and far-term pole-sitter mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiligers, Jeannette; Ceriotti, Matteo; McInnes, Colin R.; Biggs, James D.

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a detailed mission analysis and systems design of a near-term and far-term pole-sitter mission. The pole-sitter concept was previously introduced as a solution to the poor temporal resolution of polar observations from highly inclined, low Earth orbits and the poor high-latitude coverage from geostationary orbit. It considers a spacecraft that is continuously above either the north or south pole and, as such, can provide real-time, continuous and hemispherical coverage of the polar regions. Being on a non-Keplerian orbit, a continuous thrust is required to maintain the pole-sitter position. For this, two different propulsion strategies are proposed, which result in a near-term pole-sitter mission using solar electric propulsion (SEP) and a far-term pole-sitter mission where the SEP thruster is hybridized with a solar sail. For both propulsion strategies, minimum propellant pole-sitter orbits are designed. In order to maximize the spacecraft mass at the start of the operations phase of the mission, the transfer from Earth to the pole-sitter orbit is designed and optimized assuming either a Soyuz or an Ariane 5 launch. The maximized mass upon injection into the pole-sitter orbit is subsequently used in a detailed mass budget analysis that will allow for a trade-off between mission lifetime and payload mass capacity. Also, candidate payloads for a range of applications are investigated. Finally, transfers between north and south pole-sitter orbits are considered to overcome the limitations in observations due to the tilt of the Earth's rotational axis that causes the poles to be alternately situated in darkness. It will be shown that in some cases these transfers allow for propellant savings, enabling a further extension of the pole-sitter mission.

  13. Modeling of the dynamic pole-to-pole oscillations of the min proteins in bacterial cell division: The effect of an external field

    CERN Document Server

    Modchang, C; Triampo, W; Ngamsaad, W; Nuttawut, N; Tang, I M; Lenbury, Y; Modchang, Charin; Kanthang, Paisan; Triampo, Wannapong; Ngamsaad, Waipot; Nuttawut, Narin; Lenbury, Yongwimol

    2004-01-01

    One of the most important steps in the developmental process of the bacteria cell at the cellular level is the determination of the middle of the cell and the proper placement of the septum, these being essential to the division of the cell. In E. coli, this step depends on the proteins MinC, MinD, and MinE. Exposure to a constant electric field may cause the bacteria cell division mechanism to change, resulting in an abnormal cytokinesis. To see the effects of an external field e.g., an electric or magnetic field on this process, we have solved a set of deterministic reaction diffusion equations, which incorporate the influence of an electric field. We have found some changes in the dynamics of the oscillations of the min proteins from pole to pole. The numerical results show some interesting effects, which are qualitatively in good agreement with some experimental results.

  14. Retarded Correlators in Kinetic Theory: Branch Cuts, Poles and Transport Phase Transitions

    CERN Document Server

    Romatschke, Paul

    2015-01-01

    In this work the collective modes of an effective kinetic theory description based on the Boltzmann equation in relaxation time approximation applicable to gauge theories at weak but finite coupling and low frequencies are studied. Real time retarded two-point correlators of the energy-momentum tensor and the R-charge current are calculated at finite temperature in flat space-times for large N gauge theories. It is found that the real time correlators possess logarithmic branch cuts which in the limit of large coupling disappear and give rise to non-hydrodynamic poles that are reminiscent of quasi-normal modes in black holes. In addition to branch cuts, correlators can have simple hydrodynamic poles, generalizing the concept of hydrodynamic modes to intermediate wavelength. Surprisingly, the hydrodynamic poles cease to exist for some critical value of the wavelength and coupling reminiscent of the properties of phase transitions.

  15. Five-Phase Modular External Rotor PM Machines with Different Rotor Poles: A Comparative Simulation Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Abdel-Khalik

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The performance of fault-tolerant modular permanent magnet machines depends on the proper selection of the pole and slot numbers which result in negligible coupling between phases. The preferred slot and pole number combinations eliminate the effect of low-order harmonics in the stator magnetomotive force and thereby the vibration and stray loss are reduced. In this paper, three external rotor machines with identical machine dimensions are designed with different slots per phase per pole ratios. A simulation study is carried out using finite element analysis to compare the performance of the three machines in terms of machine torque density, ripple torque, core loss, and machine efficiency. A mathematical model based on the conventional-phase-model approach is also used for the comparative study. The simulation study is extended to depict machine performance under fault conditions.

  16. A Three-Pole Substrate Integrated Waveguide Bandpass Filter Using New Coupling Scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Guan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A novel three-pole substrate integrated waveguide (SIW bandpass filter (BPF using new coupling scheme is proposed in this paper. Two high order degenerate modes (TE102 and TE201 of a square SIW cavity and a dominant mode (TE101 of a rectangular SIW cavity are coupled to form a three-pole SIW BPF. The coupling scheme of the structure is given and analyzed. Due to the coupling between two cavities, as well as the coupling between source and load, three transmission zeros are created in the stopband of the filter. The proposed three-pole SIW BPF is designed and fabricated. Good agreement between simulated and measured results verifies the validity of the design methodology well.

  17. Comparative analysis of morphogeometric parameters of forward cranial pole depending on type of a skull basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleshkina О.Yu.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the work is comparison of parameters of a forward cranial pole depending on type of a skull basis. The research material contained 100 adult skulls divided into three craniotypes. The method of craniotopometry was used for measuring the parameters and further calculation of average value and their comparison among themselves. Results. The research helped to reveal that length of a forward cranial pole, length of a lateral part on the right and at the left, a corner f.c.-s-n prevail at flexibasilar craniotype. Conclusions. The width of a forward cranial pole, width of a lateral part on the right and at the left, a corner f.c.-n-g are more at platibasilar craniotype

  18. THE SYNTHESIS OF NEW POLED CROSSLINKED POLYMETHACRYLATES AND THEIR SECOND ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICAL PROPERTIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Xingzhong; CHEN Yonglie; LIANG Zhaoxi; CAI Zhigang; YANG Peiqing; LOU Ting

    1996-01-01

    Films were prepared from mixtures of copolymers of 4-nitro-4'- [N-methylacryloyloxyethyl,N'-ethyl] amino azobenzene with glycidyl methacrylate (chromophore content: 6 mol%) and copolymers containing anhydride units, which was obtained by the reaction of 4-nitro-4'-[N-hydroxyethyl, N'-ethyl] amino azobenzene with polymethacryloyl chloride (chromophore content: 25 mol %). During thermal poling process the anhydride reacts with the epoxy group and the resulting crosslinked network structure will stabilize the second harmonic generation in the poled film. The second harmonic generation of the poled film shows a maximum with the variation of composition, this is presumed to be due to the effects of the increasing of concentration, orientation order as well as orientation stability of chromophore groups during crosslinking.

  19. Mapping of periodically poled crystals via spontaneous parametric down-conversion

    CERN Document Server

    Kitaeva, G K; Naumova, I I; Penin, A N; Kang, C H; Tang, S H

    2005-01-01

    A new method for characterization of periodically poled crystals is developed based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The method is demonstrated on crystals of Y:LiNbO3, Mg:Y:LiNbO3 with non-uniform periodically poled structures, obtained directly under Czochralski growth procedure and designed for application of OPO in the mid infrared range. Infrared dispersion of refractive index, effective working periods and wavelengths of OPO were determined by special treatment of frequency-angular spectra of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in the visible range. Two-dimensional mapping via spontaneous parametric down-conversion is proposed for characterizing spatial distribution of bulk quasi-phase matching efficiency across the input window of a periodically poled sample.

  20. Grooved multi-pole magnetic gratings for high-resolution positioning systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhi-Hao; Tseng, Bin-Hui; Chang, Ching; Wang, Sheng-Ching; Chin, Tsung-Shune; Sung, Cheng-Kuo

    2015-06-01

    Magnetic encoders are much advantageous for precision positioning specifically under harsh environments. The finer the magnetic pole-pitches of the magnetic scale in a magnetic encoder the higher the resolution of the encoder. In this paper, a grooved multi-pole magnetic grating (MPMG) is substituted for conventional non-structured magnetic scale. A MPMG with pole-pitch of 200 µm was prepared by photo-lithography and electro-deposition. Simulation was first done to attain the relationship among magnetic flux density, magnetic properties of electrodeposited alloy layers, magnetizing directions and the grating dimensions. The MPMG can be fully magnetized for use by just a single pulse in a solenoid coil. Magnetic properties were investigated in which CoNiP layers were electrodeposited under various current densities. Measured magnetic flux densities versus grating heights, magnetizing directions and detection gaps on magnetized MPMG validate the applicability of ultra-fine pitched MPMG.

  1. Analysis of efficiently poled electro-optic polymer/Tio2 vertical slot waveguide modulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enami, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.

    2016-03-01

    We analyze the advantages of an electro-optic (EO) polymer/TiO2 vertical slot waveguide modulator based on a low-index EO polymer (SEO125). This modulator can realize a lower half-wave voltage (Vπ)-electrode length (Le) product (VπLe) when compared with hybrid EO polymer (EOP)/sol-gel silica waveguide modulators because of the high mode confinement of the guided light and the high poling efficiency. We show the enhancement of the poling efficiency in these devices when the EO polymers are poled with TiO2 and sol-gel silica layers. We also enhance the EO coefficient to a level of 260 pm/V at a wavelength of 1.31 μm for a high-index EOP (SEO100) deposited on TiO2, a sol-gel silica cladding layer, and an additional interfacial layer.

  2. Improvement of the piezoelectric properties of glass fiber-reinforced epoxy composites by poling treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, a new non-destructive method has been proposed for damage monitoring of glass fiber-reinforced polymer composite materials using the piezoelectric characteristics of a polymeric matrix. Several studies of the piezoelectric properties of unidirectional glass fiber epoxy composites and damage monitoring of double-cantilever beams have supported the claim that the piezoelectric method is feasible and powerful enough to monitor the damage of glass fiber epoxy composites. Generally, conventional piezoelectric materials have higher piezoelectric characteristics through poling treatment. In this work, we investigated the change of the piezoelectric properties of glass fiber-reinforced epoxy composites before and after poling treatment. The piezoelectric constants (d33) of glass fiber-reinforced epoxy composites increased by more than 400%. Also, x-ray diffraction tests revealed that poling treatment changed the degree of crystallinity of the epoxy matrix, and this led to the improvement of the piezoelectric characteristics of glass fiber-reinforced epoxy composites. (paper)

  3. Comparison of estimated residual strength and groundline decay of replaced transmission poles with actual measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    To solve concerns about the inaccuracy of the EDM Poletest equipment used to test power transmission poles at BC Hydro, the utility initiated a test program to evaluate the effectiveness of the instrument for testing old poles and to examine the performance of a newly marketed instrumented drill called Resistograph for groundline decay detection. This paper presents results from the test program. The investigators measured residual strengths of ten 45-55 foot western red cedar poles, removed from a line after 28-36 years of service, using destructive testing methods. Other characteristics measured were moisture content and tree growth increments. The results presented include the degree of correlation between the predicted residual strengths using the Poletest instrument and the measured strengths, and the ability of the Resistograph to detect and quantify internal decays accurately.

  4. The 14 month wind stressed residual circulation (pole tide) in the North Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oconnor, W. P.

    1986-01-01

    From published research it is known that a quasi-periodic 14 month atmospheric pressure oscillation of a few tenths of a millibar exists in the region of the North and Baltic Seas. At some time in the cycle the associated wind stress has a westerly component that drives a circulation in the North Sea. The results of a dynamical model and comparisons with several North Sea residual circulation studies show that a large sea level gradient results along the Dutch coast. It is this feature that has been referred to as the enhanced pole tide. The dynamical similarity of this pole tide in the North and Baltic Seas to the annual and seasonal wind forced circulations is considered. It is inferred that the large deviations of the pole tide from equilibrium at coastal stations are the result of this sea level set up forces by the 14 month wind stress cycle.

  5. Electric field poling 2G V/m to improve piezoelectricity of PVDF thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartono, Ambran; Darwin, Ramli, Satira, Suparno; Djamal, Mitra; Herman

    2016-03-01

    Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is a polymer with unique characteristics i.e. piezoelectric and ferrroelectric properties. Piezoelectric propertiesof PVDF are determined by the fraction of β-phase structure. Several optimization methods have been developed to improve the piezoelectric properties of PVDF. One of our research efforts is to improve the piezoelectricity of PVDF by electric poling with high electric field 2G V/m. The application of high electric field performed on PVDF films with a thickness of 1 1m. Each sample was made with a deep coating method, with annealing temperature 70°C-110°C. Based on the XRD characterization, we have obtained value of β-fraction of samples after poling are: 56%, 61%, 77%, 81% and 83%, respectively. Therefore, high electric field poling has been able to improve the piezoelectric properties of PVDF films. The PVDF with good piezoelectric properties are potential can did a tes for piezoelectric sensors and actuators devices.

  6. STUDY ON THE POLING PROPERTIES OF NONLINEAR OPTICAL ACTIVE DERIVATIVE OF POLY (p-HYDROXYSTYRENE):(PS)O-DCV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Cheng; WANG Jiafu; FENG Zhiming

    1993-01-01

    In this paper,the poling properties of (PS)O-DCV,a derivative of poly (p-hydroxystyrene),was reported.The investigations showed that the thermochromism correction,which was neglected in the literatures,should be considered in the measurements of order parameter of poled films with electrochromism technique Here,another linear optical method,IR and polarized IR spectra for characterizing of poled films was suggested first time.The bulk second nonlinear optical coefficient d33 of poled films could be estimated by measured order parameter semi-qualitatively.

  7. EXERTION DURING UPHILL, LEVEL AND DOWNHILL WALKING WITH AND WITHOUT HIKING POLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephane Perrey

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effects of poles when walking on the rate of perceived exertion (RPE, physiological and kinematics parameters, and upon the mean ratio between locomotor and respiratory rhythms. Twelve healthy male and female volunteers, aged 22 to 49 years old, completed on a motorized treadmill in a counterbalanced randomized order 12 walking trials for 10 min at an individually preferred walking speed, with three grades (horizontal level, uphill or downhill with a slope of 15%, with and without hiking poles and a load carriage of 15% of body mass. During all testing sessions, heart rate (HR, oxygen consumption (VO2, ventilation (VE, tidal volume (VT, breathing frequency (Bf, and stride frequency were recorded continuously during the last 5-min of each trial. At the end of each trial, subjects were asked to give RPE. Energy cost (EC and VE increased significantly with the grade (-15% < 0% < +15% and with the carrying load. VT was significantly less important with hiking poles, while Bf was significantly more elevated. VO2 and EC increased (p < 0.05 with the use of the hiking poles only during the downhill trials. No significant effect of poles was observed on HR, RPE, and preferred walking speed. The average ratio between the locomotor and respiratory frequencies was significantly influenced by the three experimental factors tested. There was a significant relationship between average ratio of leg movement per breath and EC of walking among all conditions (r = 0.83, n = 12. These results suggest that the use of the hiking poles had a significant influence on the respiratory and energetic responses only during downhill walking

  8. Radioecological aspects of the consequence of contamination of the Poles'e reserve territory. Chapter 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The characteristic of populations of wild ungulate animals, predators and some other animals in the radionuclide contamination conditions in the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl NPP accident are presented. The Poles'e reserve is a unique territory for the research not only the effects of external and internal irradiation but the influence of second radioecological factors such as diminution of anthropological load and conducting of safeguard regime too. The estimation of structure and dynamic of populations of different animals in the Poles'e reserve is necessary to the understanding of adaptation process in new conditions of inhabitancy and for elaboration of conception of populations management in similar situations

  9. Submillimeter Atmospheric Transparency at Maunakea, at the South Pole, and at Chajnantor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Simon J. E.; Peterson, Jeffery B.

    2016-07-01

    For a systematic assessment of submillimeter observing conditions at different sites, we constructed tipping radiometers to measure the broad band atmospheric transparency in the window around 350 μm wavelength. The tippers were deployed on Maunakea, Hawaii, at the South Pole, and in the vicinity of Cerro Chajnantor in northern Chile. Identical instruments permit direct comparison of these sites. Observing conditions at the South Pole and in the Chajnantor area are better than on Maunakea. Simultaneous measurements with two tippers demonstrate conditions at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor are significantly better than on the Chajnantor plateau.

  10. Raman Probe Based on Optically-Poled Double-Core Fiber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunetti, Anna Chiara; Margulis, Walter; Rottwitt, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    A Raman probe based on an optically-poled double-core fiber. In-fiber SHG allows for Raman spectroscopy of DMSO at 532nm when illuminating the fiber with 1064nm light. The fiber structure provides independent excitation and collection paths.......A Raman probe based on an optically-poled double-core fiber. In-fiber SHG allows for Raman spectroscopy of DMSO at 532nm when illuminating the fiber with 1064nm light. The fiber structure provides independent excitation and collection paths....

  11. Kõiges pole süüdi britid / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. dets. lk. 7. Euroopa Parlamendi väliskomisjoni aseesimees rõhutab, et EL-i eelarvekava keskmes pole mitte uutele liikmesriikidele antav raha, vaid põllumajandustoetuste reformimine, mille peamised kasusaajad on EL-is praegu käputäis suurtootjaid. 1% ehk 2530 prantsuse farmerit saavad 13% ehk 80 miljardit krooni EL-i põllumajandusrahast aastas. Ka Eestis pole põllumajandusministeerium nõus otsetoetuste saajaid avalikustama ning kohalikud teadlased on välja arvutanud, et ka siinsed suhtarvud sarnanevad suuresti Prantsusmaa vastavate arvudega

  12. South Pole glacial climate reconstruction from multi-borehole laser particulate stratigraphy

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Sanchez, Juan; Christov, Asen; Montaruli, Teresa; Rameez, Mohamed; IceCube Collaboration

    2013-01-01

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory and its prototype, AMANDA, were built in South Pole ice, using powerful hot-water drills to cleanly bore >100 holes to depths up to 2500 m. The construction of these particle physics detectors provided a unique opportunity to examine the deep ice sheet using a variety of novel techniques. We made high-resolution particulate profiles with a laser dust logger in eight of the boreholes during detector commissioning between 2004 and 2010. The South Pole laser logs...

  13. Neurodynamics-Based Robust Pole Assignment for High-Order Descriptor Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Xinyi; Wang, Jun

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, a neurodynamic optimization approach is proposed for synthesizing high-order descriptor linear systems with state feedback control via robust pole assignment. With a new robustness measure serving as the objective function, the robust eigenstructure assignment problem is formulated as a pseudoconvex optimization problem. A neurodynamic optimization approach is applied and shown to be capable of maximizing the robust stability margin for high-order singular systems with guaranteed optimality and exact pole assignment. Two numerical examples and vehicle vibration control application are discussed to substantiate the efficacy of the proposed approach. PMID:26357408

  14. Analysis and Experimental Verification of a Linear Switched Reluctance Motor Having Special Pole Shape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.C. Lenin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the results of a finite element analysis are carried out on new stator geometry of a three phase longitudinal flux Linear Switched Reluctance Motor (LSRM. In the new geometry, pole shoes are affixed to the stator poles. Static and dynamic characteristics for the proposed structure have been highlighted. Motor performance for variable load conditions is discussed. The 2-Dimensional (2-D finite element analysis (FEA and the experimental results of this paper prove that LSRMs are one of the strong candidates for linear propulsion drive

  15. Force Profiles of a Linear Switched Reluctance Motor Having Special Pole Face Shapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHADRESEKAR, V.

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the results of a finite element analysis are carried out on an new stator geometry of a three phase longitudinal flux Linear Switched Reluctance Motor (LSRM. In the new geometry, pole shoes are affixed to the stator poles. Static and dynamic characteristics for the proposed structure have been highlighted. Motor performance for variable load conditions is discussed. Frequency spectrum analyses of force profile using the fast Fourier transform (FFT are described to predict the vibration frequencies. The 2-Dimensional (2-D finite element analysis (FEA and the experimental results of this paper prove that LSRMs are one of the strong candidates for linear propulsion drives.

  16. A Three-Pole Substrate Integrated Waveguide Bandpass Filter Using New Coupling Scheme

    OpenAIRE

    Guan, X.; Yuan, Y.; Liu, H; Huang, W.

    2015-01-01

    A novel three-pole substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) bandpass filter (BPF) using new coupling scheme is proposed in this paper. Two high order degenerate modes (TE102 and TE201) of a square SIW cavity and a dominant mode (TE101) of a rectangular SIW cavity are coupled to form a three-pole SIW BPF. The coupling scheme of the structure is given and analyzed. Due to the coupling between two cavities, as well as the coupling between source and load, three transmission zeros are created in the...

  17. A contribution to the unbalance control of claw poles for automotive alternators

    OpenAIRE

    Boltežar, Miha; Nastran, Miha; Krušič, Vid

    2015-01-01

    The claw pole still represents the largest and the heaviest part of an alternator's rotor: and it is expected that alternators will continue to be used for electric power generation in motor vehicles for at least a decade. Due to the high speeds of the rotor during operation its mass centricity is very important for the service life of the bearings, low noise and smooth running. This paper presents the production of claw poles using cold-forming technology, and a focus on reducing the electri...

  18. Multifunctional current-mode filter with dual-parameter control of the pole frequency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JERABEK, J.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a multifunctional current-mode filter with dual-parameter control of the pole frequency. The filter is of the second order, of single-input triple-output (SITO type and a required type of the response (low pass, inverting band pass, high pass, band reject and all pass is obtained by proper selection of one or more outputs. The filter employs two capacitors, two operational transconductance amplifiers (OTAs, each of them with controllable transconductance, and two digitally adjustable current amplifiers (DACAs, providing controllable current gain. Both these controllable parameters directly influence pole frequency of the filter. The theoretical presumptions were confirmed by laboratory measurements.

  19. Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchko, Robert G.; Shur, Vladimir Y.; Fejer, Martin M.; Byer, Robert L.

    1999-09-01

    In nonlinear optics applications employing quasiphase matching, short-pitch domain gratings are generally required for the efficient generation of visible and ultraviolet light. Here we introduce an improved electric-field poling technique, which incorporates spontaneous backswitching and leads to uniform short-pitch domain structures. The total volume of backswitched material, and hence the duty cycle of the backswitched domain grating, can be accurately controlled. First-order single-pass continuous-wave second harmonic generation of 60 mW at 460 nm is achieved at 6.1%/W efficiency in 0.5-mm-thick 4-μm-period backswitch-poled lithium niobate.

  20. A Simply Modified Single Pole Scenario For B→K* Form Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shao-Min; JIN Hong-Ying

    2008-01-01

    We revisit the form factors of B→K* by using the heavy quark limit and large energy limit, assuming that the form factors have single pole forms near the zero recoil. The deviation from the single pole model is taken into account by adding a term proportional to(v.v'-1)2. On the other hand, we require the form factors to obey the large recoil symmetry relationships when v·v' becomes very large. A self-consistent set of B→K* form factors is found. This set of form factors is checked to be consistent with the experimental data about B→K*ll modes.

  1. Influence of inductance variation on performance of a permanent magnet claw pole soft magnetic composite motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Youguang; Zhu, Jian Guo; Lin, Zhi Wei; Lu, Haiyan; Wang, Xiaolin; Chen, Jiaxin

    2008-04-01

    Winding inductance is an important parameter in determining the performance of electrical machines, particularly those with large inductance variation. This paper investigates the influence of winding inductance variation on the performance of a three-phase three-stack claw pole permanent magnet motor with soft magnetic composite (SMC) stator by using an improved phase variable model. The winding inductances of the machine are computed by using a modified incremental energy method, based on three-dimensional nonlinear time-stepping magnetic field finite element analyses. The inductance computation and performance simulation are verified by the experimental results of an SMC claw pole motor prototype.

  2. Estimation of emittance degradation due to multi-pole fields of XFEL bunch compressors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to obtain a high-brightness electron beam in an XFEL, the electron bunch should be longitudinally compressed in a linear accelerator using magnetic bunch compressors composed of four bending magnets. The bunch compression requires a large energy chirp on the electron bunch, which produces a horizontal spread of the beam size inside bunch compressors. Since the bending magnets have multi-pole field components, they leak energy-dispersion and degrade emittance downstream of the chicane. In this paper, the emittance degradation due to the multi-pole fields of the bending magnets is estimated using simplified analytical formulae for the XFEL/SPring-8. (author)

  3. Sufficiency conditions for pole assignment in column-regularizable implicit linear systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Korotka, Tetiana; Zagalak, Petr; Loiseau, J. J.; Kučera, V.

    Szczecin: West Pomeranian University of Technology, 2012, s. 457-1-457-6. ISBN 978-1-4673-2123-5. [17th International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation & Robotics . Międzyzdroje (PL), 27.08.2012-30.08.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP103/12/2431 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : Linear systems * state feedback * pole assignment Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/AS/zagalak-sufficiency conditions for pole assignment in column-regularizable implicit linear systems.pdf

  4. Landau pole induced vorticity growth in a class of non-monotonic shear flows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A vorticity growth mechanism leading to the creation of two-dimensional inviscid vortices is presented. The vorticity amplification saturates to values two orders of magnitude larger than those of the initial disturbance. The growth occurs because of a resonance with a Landau pole of the system and strongly depends on the value of the initial perturbation at the point of inflection of the equilibrium profile. These findings are obtained by numerically solving the initial-value problem associated with the Rayleigh equation. Numerical solution of the corresponding eigenvalue problem and direct numerical computation of the Landau pole give consistent results

  5. Trekking poles reduce downhill walking-induced muscle and cartilage damage in obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Su Youn; Roh, Hee Tae

    2016-05-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated the effect of the use of trekking poles on muscle and cartilage damage and fatigue during downhill walking in obese women. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included eight obese women who had a body fat percentage greater than 30. Subjects performed downhill walking without a trekking pole (NP) and with a trekking pole (TP) at 50% heart rate reserve for 30 minutes on a treadmill. The treadmill was set at a 15% downhill declination. Blood samples were collected to examine muscle damage (serum creatine kinase [CK] and lactate dehydrogenase [LDH] levels), cartilage damage (serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein [COMP] levels), and fatigue (plasma lactate levels) at the pre-walking baseline (PWB), immediately after walking (IAW), and 2 hours post-walking (2HPW). [Results] The CK, LDH, COMP, and lactate levels were significantly increased IAW when compared with those at the PWB in both trials. In addition, in the NP trial, the CK, LDH, and COMP levels were significantly increased at 2HPW when compared with those at the PWB. [Conclusion] Downhill walking can cause muscle and cartilage damage, and our results suggest that the use of a trekking pole can reduce temporary muscle and cartilage damage after downhill walking. PMID:27313374

  6. Galactic kinematics with RAVE data - I. The distribution of stars towards the Galactic poles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veltz, L.; Bienayme, O.; Freeman, K. C.; Binney, J.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Gibson, B. K.; Gilmore, G.; Grebel, E. K.; Helmi, A.; Munari, U.; Navarro, J. F.; Parker, Q. A.; Seabroke, G. M.; Siebert, A.; Steinmetz, M.; Watson, F. G.; Williams, M.; Wyse, R. F. G.; Zwitter, T.

    2008-01-01

    We analyze the distribution of G and K type stars towards the Galactic poles using RAVE and ELODIE radial velocities, 2MASS photometric star counts, and UCAC2 proper motions. The combination of photometric and 3D kinematic data allows us to disentangle and describe the vertical distribution of dwarf

  7. Effect of changing the pole profile in a gradient septum magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A tapered-pole gradient septum magnet was fitted with wedge-shaped shims to make the gap parallel. The resulting field was measured and compared with the predicted field from the GFUN magnetostatic computer program. A method of estimating the beam loss due to kick non-uniformity is presented. (author)

  8. Robust pole placement for second-order systems: an LMI approach

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Henrion, D.; Šebek, Michael; Kučera, Vladimír

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 1 (2005), s. 1-14. ISSN 0023-5954 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/02/0709 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : polynomial matrix * second-order linear systems * LMI * pole placement * robust control Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory Impact factor: 0.343, year: 2005

  9. A Czech Portrait of Poland and the Poles. (An Ambivalent Stereotype and a Positive Perception)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baron, Roman

    Kraków: Międzynarodowe Centrum Kultury, 2015 - (Purchla, J.; Sanetra-Szeliga, J.; Kusek, R.), s. 40-68 ISBN 978-83-63463-30-4 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : national auto- and heterostereotypes * Czechs and Poles * elites and masses Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. 3-D finite element analysis of claw-poled stepping motor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stepping motors are widely used for various electric instruments. It is necessary for the optimum design to analyze the magnetic field accurately. The 3-D finite element method with edge elements taking into account the rotation of the rotor has been applied to analyze the magnetic field of a claw-poled stepping motor. (Author)

  11. From type II upconversion to SPDC: a path to broadband polarization entanglement in poled fibers

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, E.Y.; Helt, L. G.; Liscidini, M.; Qian, L; Sipe, J. E.; Canagasabey, A.; Corbari, C.; Ibsen, M; Kazansky, P. G.

    2009-01-01

    We report type II sum-frequency and second-harmonic generation in a 24-cm-long periodically-poled silica fiber. Quasi-phase matching is achieved for orthogonally-polarized signal and idler over 1520-1575 nm, demonstrating the path to in-fiber broadband polarization-entangled photon pair generation.

  12. Vallandatud juht: sain suurepäraselt hakkama / Igor Poleštšuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poleštšuk, Igor

    2009-01-01

    2008. aasta detsembris Kreenholmi tegevjuhiks valitud ning neli kuud hiljem vallandatud Igor Poleštšuk vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Kreenholmi omanike vallandamisotsust ja ärimudelit, vastuolusid omanike ja Rootsis asuva tegevjuhtkonna vahel, Kreenholmis saavutatud tulemusi ning Kreenholmi edasist saatust

  13. Anomalous U(1) models in four and five dimensions and their anomaly poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We analyze the role played by anomaly poles in an anomalous gauge theory by discussing their signature in the corresponding off-shell effective action. The origin of these contributions, in the most general kinematical case, is elucidated by performing a complete analysis of the anomaly vertex at perturbative level. We use two independent (but equivalent) representations: the Rosenberg representation and the longitudinal/transverse (L/T) parameterization, used in recent studies of g-2 of the muon and in the proof of non-renormalization theorems of the anomaly vertex. The poles extracted from the L/T parameterization do not couple in the infrared for generic anomalous vertices, as in Rosenberg, but we show that they are responsible for the violations of unitarity in the UV region, using a class of pole-dominated amplitudes. We conclude that consistent formulations of anomalous models require necessarily the cancellation of these polar contributions. Establishing the UV significance of these terms provides a natural bridge between the anomalous effective action and its completion by a nonlocal theory. Some additional difficulties with unitarity of the mechanism of inflow in extra dimensional models with an anomalous theory on the brane, due to the presence of anomaly poles, are also pointed out.

  14. Design of an MgB2 race track coil for a wind generator pole demonstration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abrahamsen, A.B.; Magnusson, N.; Jensen, B.B.; Liu, D.; Polinder, H.

    2014-01-01

    An MgB2 race track coil intended for demonstrating a down scaled pole of a 10 MW direct drive wind turbine generator has been designed. The coil consists of 10 double pancake coils stacked into a race track coil with a cross section of 84 mm x 80 mm. The length of the straight section is 0.5 m and t

  15. PolyPole-1: An accurate numerical algorithm for intra-granular fission gas release

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizzocri, D.; Rabiti, C.; Luzzi, L.; Barani, T.; Van Uffelen, P.; Pastore, G.

    2016-09-01

    The transport of fission gas from within the fuel grains to the grain boundaries (intra-granular fission gas release) is a fundamental controlling mechanism of fission gas release and gaseous swelling in nuclear fuel. Hence, accurate numerical solution of the corresponding mathematical problem needs to be included in fission gas behaviour models used in fuel performance codes. Under the assumption of equilibrium between trapping and resolution, the process can be described mathematically by a single diffusion equation for the gas atom concentration in a grain. In this paper, we propose a new numerical algorithm (PolyPole-1) to efficiently solve the fission gas diffusion equation in time-varying conditions. The PolyPole-1 algorithm is based on the analytic modal solution of the diffusion equation for constant conditions, combined with polynomial corrective terms that embody the information on the deviation from constant conditions. The new algorithm is verified by comparing the results to a finite difference solution over a large number of randomly generated operation histories. Furthermore, comparison to state-of-the-art algorithms used in fuel performance codes demonstrates that the accuracy of PolyPole-1 is superior to other algorithms, with similar computational effort. Finally, the concept of PolyPole-1 may be extended to the solution of the general problem of intra-granular fission gas diffusion during non-equilibrium trapping and resolution, which will be the subject of future work.

  16. Cross-ratio Identities and Higher-order Poles of CHY-integrand

    CERN Document Server

    Cardona, Carlos; Gomez, Humberto; Huang, Rijun

    2016-01-01

    The evaluation of generic Cachazo-He-Yuan(CHY)-integrands is a big challenge and efficient computational methods are in demand for practical evaluation. In this paper, we propose a systematic decomposition algorithm by using cross-ratio identities, which provides an analytic and easy to implement method for the evaluation of any CHY-integrand. This algorithm aims to decompose a given CHY-integrand containing higher-order poles as a linear combination of CHY-integrands with only simple poles in a finite number of steps, which ultimately can be trivially evaluated by integration rules of simple poles. To make the method even more efficient for CHY-integrands with large number of particles and complicated higher-order pole structures, we combine the $\\Lambda$-algorithm and the cross-ratio identities, and as a by-product it provides us a way to deal with CHY-integrands where the $\\Lambda$-algorithm was not applicable in its original formulation.

  17. Rate and Sequence of Positive and Negative Poles in Basic Concept Acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracken, Bruce A.

    1988-01-01

    Ninety-eight concepts from the Bracken Basic Concept Scale were paired, polarity (positive or negative) was assigned, and concept pairs were contrasted with 1,109 children ages three through seven to determine rate and sequence of polar concept acquisition. For 70 percent of the pairs the positive-pole concept was acquired before the negative-pole…

  18. Role of suture anchors in management of fractures of inferior pole of patella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Ashish

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The traditional recommendation for displaced comminuted inferior pole fractures is excision of the comminuted pole followed by reattachment of the patellar tendon with transosseous suture. To the best of our knowledge there has been no previous published study mentioning the use of suture anchors for fracture inferior pole of patella. We present a retrospective analysis of five cases of patients doing well at final follow-up of two years. Materials and Methods: Five patients treated at our institute using suture anchors for repair of comminuted inferior pole fractures of patella between January 2007 to March 2007. (range 28 years-55 years. There were three males and two females. Results: The average follow-up was 25 months (range 24 months-26 months. The patients were evaluated for range of motion, strength, patellofemoral scores and any alteration of patellar height. The outcome of the procedure was assessed with use of the patellofemoral scoring system of Noyes et al, 5 as adapted by Saltzman et al. 6 The final patellofemoral score (maximum 100 points was 94.6 (range 93-96. Conclusion: We believe it is a novel extended indication of the use of suture anchors and should be in the armament of every trauma surgeon.

  19. Design and analysis of a transversal-flux switched-reluctance-linear-machine pole-pair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salo, J.

    1999-07-01

    The Switched Reluctance technology is probably best suited for industrial low-speed or zerospeed applications where the power can be small but the torque or the force in linear movement cases might be relatively high. Because of its simple structure the Sit-motor is an interesting alternative for low power applications where pneumatic or hydraulic linear drives are to be avoided. This study analyses the basic parts of an LSR-motor which are the two mover poles and one stator pole and which form the 'basic pole pair' in linear-movement transversal-flux switched-reluctance motors. The static properties of the basic pole pair are modelled and the basic design rules are derived. The models developed are validated with experiments. A one-sided one-polepair transversal-flux switched-reluctance-linear-motor prototype is demonstrated and its static properties are measured. The modelling of the static properties is performed with FEM-calculations. Two-dimensional models are accurate enough to model the static key features for the basic dimensioning of LSRmotors. Three-dimensional models must be used in order to get the most accurate calculation results of the static traction force production. The developed dimensioning and modelling methods, which could be systematically validated by laboratory measurements, are the most significant contributions of this thesis. (orig.)

  20. New helical-shape magnetic pole design for Magnetic Lead Screw enabling structure simplification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Kaiyuan; Xia, Yongming; Wu, Weimin; Zhang, Lihui

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic lead screw (MLS) is a new type of high performance linear actuator that is attractive for many potential applications. The main difficulty of the MLS technology lies in the manufacturing of its complicated helical-shape magnetic poles. Structure simplification is, therefore, quite...

  1. The Learning of Visually Guided Action: An Information-Space Analysis of Pole Balancing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, David M.; Vaz, Daniela V.; Michaels, Claire F.

    2012-01-01

    In cart-pole balancing, one moves a cart in 1 dimension so as to balance an attached inverted pendulum. We approached perception-action and learning in this task from an ecological perspective. This entailed identifying a space of informational variables that balancers use as they perform the task and demonstrating that they improve by traversing…

  2. Laser induced pressure pulse probe of charge distribution in thermally poled glass: Evidence of dipole polarisation?

    OpenAIRE

    Kazansky, P G; Smith, A. R.; Russell, P. St. J.; Yang, G.M.; Sessler, G.M.

    1995-01-01

    For the first time charge distributions in thermally poled silica glass are mapped by using laser induced pressure pulse technique. The experimental results may be explained through postulating the formation of both real space charge layers and inside the the depletion region

  3. The statistical model for the secondary quick reversals during the geomagnetic pole transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A statistical model for the quick reversals during a geomagnetic pole transition is put forward by combining the modern geomagnetic field and paleomagnetic field. The decrease of geomagnetic intensity determines the reversals, and the quick reversals are possibly caused by the interaction between g01 and the other geomagnetic components.

  4. The statistical model for the secondary quick reversals during the geomagnetic pole transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青松; 朱日祥; 潘永信; 郭斌

    2000-01-01

    A statistical model for the quick reversals during a geomagnetic pole transition is put forward by combining the modern geomagnetic field and paleomagnetic field. The decrease of geomagnetic intensity determines the reversals, and the quick reversals are possibly caused by the interaction between g10 and the other geomagnetic components.

  5. Ekspert : Lähis-Idal pole Euroopa kogemusest abi / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Saksa mõttekoja peatne direktor Volker Perthes peab Baltimaade ja Kesk-Euroopa riikide olemist araabia ja Lähis-Ida riikide õpetajateks müüdiks, kuna sealsetes riikides pole tegemist üleminekuga sotsialismilt või postsotsialismilt liberaalsele demokraatiale

  6. Modeling of nonreciprocal six-pole transformer based on helicon resonator

    OpenAIRE

    Vountesmery, Youry

    2013-01-01

    A model of a six-pole nonreciprocal transformer representing a helicon resonator with three inductance coils placed at 120° angles is discussed. Calculations of transformer’s inductive parameters and scattering matrix components are presented. It is shown that such a transformer appears to be a nonreciprocal Y-circulator.

  7. Three-Phase Modulated Pole Machine Topologies Utilizing Mutual Flux Paths

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Washington, Jamie G.; Atkinson, Glynn J.; Baker, Nick J.; Jack, Alan G.; Mecrow, Barrie C.; Jensen, Bogi Bech; Pennander, Lars-Olov; Nord, Göran L.; Sjöberg, Lars

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses three-phase topologies for modulated pole machines (MPMs). The authors introduce a new threephase topology, which takes advantage of mutual flux paths; this is analyzed using 3-D finite-element methods and compared to a three-phase topology using three single-phase units stac...

  8. Radiographic abnormalities of the inferior pole of the patella in juvenile athletes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We examined radiographs of the inferior pole of the patella in seven juvenile athletes diagnosed as having Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease (SLJD) and discussed the etiology of the syndrome. Eight knees had tenderness at the inferior pole of the patella accompanied by radiographic abnormalities. A regular or irregular calcification was found at the inferior pole of the patella in three knees; coalescence of the calcification was found in two knees; incorporation of the calcification into the patella to yield a normal radiographic configuration of the area was found in two knees; and a small calcification separated from the patella was found in one knee. All of these findings varied and did not always correspond to the radiographic stages of the disease process identified by Medlar. One case was not clearly distinguished from either osteochondritis or stress fracture, and one case had a similar symptom to tendinitis. Thus, the etiology of the syndrome seems not to be unified, and the differential diagnosis between SLJD and osteochondritis, stress fracture, or tendinitis was difficult to arrive at. We were only able to conclude that the radiographic abnormalities and consequently the etiology of the syndrome vary, and therefore there is a limitation to call the syndrome accompanied by abnormal findings of the inferior pole of the patella under the umbrella term of SLJD. (author)

  9. Wideband localization of the dominant leaky wave poles in dielectric covered antennas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neto, A.; Llombart, N.

    2006-01-01

    This letter discusses the properties of printed antennas whose radiation patterns (their directivity or their shape) are enhanced by means of dielectric superlayers which support leaky waves. In particular the characterizing complex leaky wave poles of the spectral Green Function are approximated an

  10. A superconformal algebra of meromorphic vector fields with three poles on the super Riemann sphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the Riemann-Roch theorem, we construct a superconformal algebra of meromorphic vector fields with three poles and the relevant abelian differential of the third kind on the super Riemann sphere. The algebra includes two Ramond sectors as a subalgebra, and implies the picture of an interaction of three superstrings. (orig.)

  11. A 20 GeVs transparent neutrino astronomy from the North Pole?

    CERN Document Server

    Fargion, Daniele

    2011-01-01

    Muon neutrino astronomy is drown within a polluted atmospheric neutrino noise. However at 24 GeV energy atmospheric muon neutrinos, while rising vertically along the terrestrial diameter, should disappear (or be severely depleted) while converting into tau flavor: any rarest vertical 12 GeV muon track at South Pole Deep Core volume, pointing back to North Pole, might be tracing mostly a noise-free astrophysical signal. The corresponding Deep Core 6-7-8-9 channels trigger maybe point in those directions and inside that energy range without much background. Deep Core detector at South Pole, may scan at 18-27GeV energy windows, into a narrow vertical cone for a novel neutrino astronomy almost noise-free, pointing back toward the North Pole.Unfortunately muon at 12 GeV trace their arrival direction mostly spread around an unique string in a zenith-cone solid angle. To achieve also an azimuth angular resolution a two string detection at once is needed. The doubling of the Deep Core string number, (two new arrays o...

  12. Flux Concentration and Pole Shaping in a Single Phase Hybrid Switched Reluctance Motor Drive

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Uffe; Lu, Kaiyuan

    2010-01-01

    The single phase hybrid switched reluctance motor (HSRM) may be a good candidate for low-cost drives used for pump applications. This paper presents a new design of the HSRM with improved starting torque achieved by stator pole shaping, and a better arrangement of the embedded stator permanent...

  13. Regge poles and cuts in π0 photoproduction and related reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A previous analysis of intermediate- and high-energy photoproduction data using finite-energy sum rules and fixed-t dispersion relations is extended to enable effects due to Regge poles and cuts to be distinguished. This is achieved by requiring Regge poles to be evasive and to have nonsense wrong signature zeros, whereas cuts are parametrised by effective two-pole forms and are taken to be self-conspiring with minimal structure in their residues. These constraints, together with phase information provided by data on the Primakoff effect, enable an essentially unique separation of pole and cut effects to be made. The results are conpared with popular cut models of hadronic reactions relevant at accelerator energies, and with the universal impact parameter hypothesis. None of these are able to reproduce all the features found in the amplitudes. Finally, it is shown how the results can cast light on the puzzling absence of dips in eta0 photoproduction and π0 electroproduction, by making plausible assumptions about the isospin and q2 dependences of our amplitudes, respectively. (Auth.)

  14. On the factorization of universal poles in a theory of gravitating point particles.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooft, G. 't

    1988-01-01

    A theory is considered in which point-like particles scatter only gravitationally and electromagnetically but no other exchanges are taken into account. The two-particle amplitude at high s, low t, as computed before, has universal poles at s values whose imaginary parts are integer positive numbers

  15. Weak regularizability and pole assignment for non-square linear systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Korotka, Tetiana; Loiseau, J. J.; Zagalak, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 6 (2012), s. 1065-1088. ISSN 0023-5954 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP103/12/2431 Keywords : linear systems * linear state feedback * pole assignment Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory Impact factor: 0.619, year: 2012 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2013/AS/korotka-0386325.pdf

  16. Electrical power line and pole removal radiological survey completion report: Revision 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Each electric power pole and all wire, cross members, and attached hardware were radiologically surveyed and removed. The survey procedures did not conform in every respect with the planned procedures because the actual work differed from the removal plan. The survey showed that all contamination was fixed. Certain poles that were suspected of being contaminated with Th-230 were cut off one foot above ground level and left on site. Each truck load of materials was checked at the access point to ensure it met release criteria. Wood samples were taken from all the poles at Building 403 and 5% of all the rest and analyzed for U-238 and Th-232. Only U-238 was detected. 1903 bundles of wire (95,150 lin ft) were released, and 76 bundles (1520 lin ft) were found to be contaminated. 7163 lin ft of power pole material were released, and 1484 lin ft were contaminated. A comprehensive quality measure assurance/quality control program was applied to this work

  17. Growth without Borders : A Regional Growth Pole Diagnostic for Southern Africa

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    Several countries in Southern Africa have enormous potential to expand trade and mutually benefit from regional integration, and thus truly achieve 'growth without borders'. At the same time, several African countries are adopting growth pole strategies in order to deepen the economic linkages around the development of their natural resources and improve their competitiveness and connectiv...

  18. Building Peace Poles: Inexpensive Woodworking Project Great for Middle and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roccanova, John

    2013-01-01

    The World Peace Prayer Society (WPPS) has at its core the message: "May peace prevail on Earth." This axiom appears on the roughly 200,000 Peace Poles that are planted at private residences, schools, in parks, and at other public places worldwide including at the Pentagon, the Pyramids in Egypt, and on Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest free-standing…

  19. Regularities of 137Cs distribution for the Mozyr' Poles'e landscapes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Long-term investigations revealed lateral redistribution of 137Cs in geochemical conjugation of elementary landscapes of the Mozyr Poles'e. The systematic study allowed to separate the zones of accumulation and of prevalently biogenic and mechanical transport of 137Cs and to establish their correlation with landscape- geochemical structure of territory

  20. Z_c(3900) as a D\\bar{D}^* Molecule from Pole Counting Rule

    CERN Document Server

    Gong, Qin-Rong; Meng, Ce; Tang, Guang-Yi; Zheng, Han-Qing

    2016-01-01

    A careful study on the nature of the Z_c(3900) resonant structure is carried out in this work. By constructing the pertinent effective Lagrangians and considering the important final-state-interaction effects, we first give a unified description to all the relevant experimental data available, including the J/\\psi\\pi and \\pi\\pi invariant mass distributions from the e^+e^-\\to J/\\psi\\pi\\pi process, the h_c\\pi distribution from e^+e^-\\to h_c\\pi\\pi and also the D\\bar{D}^{*} spectrum in the e^+e^-\\to D\\bar{D}^{*}\\pi process. After fitting the unknown parameters to the previous data, we search the pole in the complex energy plane and only find one pole in the nearby energy region in different Riemann sheets. Therefore we conclude that Z_c(3900) is of D\\bar{D}^* molecular nature, according to the pole counting rule method. We emphasize that the conclusion based upon pole counting method is not trivial, since both the D\\bar{D}^{*} contact interactions and the explicit Z_c exchanges are introduced in our analyses and ...

  1. Siim Kallas: Rail Baltica edeneb, aga veel pole mõtet kiirrongi oodata / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni voliniku Siim Kallase sõnul pole mingit põhjust, miks Eestis ei võiks sõita 200 km/h liikuvad kiirrongid, vajaliku raudtee ehitamine võib olla isegi odavam kui uus maantee. Kuid oluline on küsimus, kuidas tekitada erasektoris piisavalt suur kindlustunne, et Rail Baltica projekt ära tasub

  2. Leaky-modes excitation in thermally poled nanocomposite glass and their exploitation for saturable absorption

    OpenAIRE

    Corbari, Costantino; Beresna, Martynas; Deparis, Olivier; Kazansky, Peter G.

    2010-01-01

    Thermal poling is used to create a reduced index layer in a soda-lime/nanocomposite film. Leaky-modes have been exploited to enhance interaction of light with Au-nanoparticles and demonstrate saturable absorption characteristics in line with state-of-the-art technology.

  3. Poling effect of a charge-trapping layer in glass waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Yitao; Marckmann, Carl Johan; Jacobsen, Rune Shim; Kristensen, Martin

    Germanium-doped multi-layer waveguides containing a silicon oxy-nitride layer as a charge trapper are thermally poled in an air environment. Compared to the waveguides without the trapping layer, the induced linear electro-optic coefficient increases more than 20%. A comparable rise in the intern...

  4. Generation of Polarization Squeezing with Periodically Poled KTP at 1064 nm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Mikael Østergaard; Sabuncu, Metin; Buchhave, Preben; Andersen, Ulrik Lund

    2007-01-01

    We report the experimental demonstration of directly produced polarization squeezing at 1064 nm from a type I optical parametric amplifier (OPA) based on a periodically poled KTP crystal (PPKTP). The orthogonal polarization modes of the polarization squeezed state are both defined by the OPA cavity...

  5. Thermally induced dephasing in periodically poled KTiOPO4 nonlinear crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Jovanovic, I; Liao, Z M; Payne, S A; Drobshoff, A D; Ebbers, C A; Taylor, L R

    2004-03-18

    Experimental data that exhibits a continuous-wave, second-harmonic intensity threshold (15 kW/cm{sup 2}) that causes two-photon nonlinear absorption which leads to time-dependent photochromic damage in periodically poled KTiOPO{sub 4} is presented and verified through a thermal dephasing model.

  6. Dominant pole and eigenstructure assignment for positive systems with state feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhao; Lam, James

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, the dominant pole assignment problem, the dominant eigenstructure assignment problem and the robust dominant pole assignment problem for linear time-invariant positive systems with state feedback are considered. The dominant pole assignment problem is formulated as a linear programming problem, and the dominant eigenstructure problem is formulated as a quasiconvex optimisation problem with linear constraints. The robust dominant pole assignment problem is formulated as a non-convex optimisation problem with non-linear constraints which is solved using particle swarm optimisation (PSO) with an efficient scheme which employs the dominant eigenstructure assignment technique to accelerate the convergence of the PSO procedure. Each of the three problems can be further constrained by requiring that the controller has a pre-specified structure, or the gain matrix have both elementwise upper and lower bounds. These constraints can be incorporated into the proposed scheme without increasing the complexity of the algorithms. Both the continuous-time case and the discrete-time case are treated in the paper.

  7. Smarandache curves according to Sabban frame of fixed pole curve belonging to the Bertrand curves pair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şenyurt, Süleyman; Altun, Yasin; Cevahir, Ceyda

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, we investigate the Smarandache curves according to Sabban frame of fixed pole curve which drawn by the unit Darboux vector of the Bertrand partner curve. Some results have been obtained. These results were expressed as the depends Bertrand curve.

  8. Transient eastward-propagating long-period waves observed over the South Pole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Palo

    Full Text Available Observations of the horizontal wind field over the South Pole were made during 1995 using a meteor radar. These data have revealed the presence of a rich spectrum of waves over the South Pole with a distinct annual occurrence. Included in this spectrum are long-period waves, whose periods are greater than one solar day, which are propagating eastward. These waves exhibit a distinct seasonal occurrence where the envelope of wave periods decreases from a period of 10 days near the fall equinox to a minimum of 2 days near the winter solstice and then progresses towards a period near 10 days at the spring equinox. Computation of the meridional gradient of quasi-geostrophic potential vorticity has revealed a region in the high-latitude upper mesosphere which could support an instability and serve as a source for these waves. Estimation of the wave periods which would be generated from an instability in this region closely resembles the observed seasonal variation in wave periods over the South Pole. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the observed eastward propagating long-period waves over the South Pole are generated by an instability in the polar upper mesosphere. However, given our limited data set we cannot rule out a stratospheric source. Embedded in this spectrum of eastward propagating waves during the austral winter are a number of distinct wave events. Eight such wave events have been identified and localized using a constant-Q filter bank. The periods of these wave events ranges from 1.7 to 9.8 days and all exist for at least 3 wave periods. Least squares analysis has revealed that a number of these events are inconsistent with a wave propagating zonally around the geographic pole and could be related to waves propagating around a dynamical pole which is offset from the geographic pole. Additionally, one event which was observed appears to be a standing oscillation.

    Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric

  9. Uniform semiclassical and quantum calculations of Regge pole positions and residues for complex optical nuclear heavy-ion potentials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first uniform semiclassical (SC) calculations of Regge pole positions and residues have been carried out for four complex optical potentials, which have been used to fit 16O+28Si elastic-scattering data at Elab=55 MeV. In particular, we have extended a SC formalism developed for atomic and molecular scatterings to allow for the presence of a long-range Coulomb potential. The SC Regge poles and residues are compared with quantum results of Takemasa and Tamura [Phys. Rev. C 18, 1282 (1978)], who numerically integrated the radial Schroedinger equation. The SC computations show that Takemasa and Tamura missed ten poles. Using a modified version of the quantum computer code REGGE, due to Takemasa, Tamura, and Wolter [Comput. Phys. Commun. 18, 427 (1979)] we have located five of these poles---the remaining poles have residues of modulus -8. For low values of the Regge pole quantum number, n, the SC and quantum pole positions are in close agreement, with larger differences for the residues. As n increases, the SC results become less accurate. However at high values of n, the quantum results also lose accuracy due to numerical instabilities in the REGGE code. It is demonstrated that the choice of Coulomb interaction---charged sphere or pure Coulomb---can significantly effect the properties of the Regge pole positions and residues

  10. Comparison of UV irradiance measurements at Summit, Greenland; Barrow, Alaska; and South Pole, Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Bernhard

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available An SUV-150B spectroradiometer for measuring solar ultraviolet (UV irradiance was installed at Summit, Greenland, in August 2004. Here we compare the initial data from this new location with similar measurements from Barrow, Alaska, and South Pole. Measurements of irradiance at 345 nm performed at equivalent solar zenith angles (SZAs are almost identical at Summit and South Pole. The good agreement can be explained with the similar location of the two sites on high-altitude ice caps with high surface albedo. Clouds attenuate irradiance at 345 nm at both sites by less than 6% on average, but can reduce irradiance at Barrow by more than 75%. Clear-sky measurements at Barrow are smaller than at Summit by 14% in spring and 36% in summer, mostly due to differences in surface albedo and altitude. Comparisons with model calculations indicate that aerosols can reduce clear-sky irradiance at Summit by 4–6%; aerosol influence is largest in April. Differences in total ozone at the three sites have a large influence on the UV Index. At South Pole, the UV Index is on average 20–80% larger during the ozone hole period than between January and March. At Summit, total ozone peaks in April and UV Indices in spring are on average 10–25% smaller than in the summer. Maximum UV Indices ever observed at Summit, Barrow, and South Pole are 6.7, 5.0, and 4.0, respectively. The larger value at Summit is due to the site's lower latitude. For comparable SZAs, average UV Indices measured during October and November at South Pole are 1.9–2.4 times larger than measurements during March and April at Summit. Average UV Indices at Summit are over 50% greater than at Barrow because of the larger cloud influence at Barrow.

  11. Role of fungal dynein in hyphal growth, microtubule organization, spindle pole body motility and nuclear migration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, S; Turgeon, B G; Yoder, O C; Aist, J R

    1998-06-01

    Cytoplasmic dynein is a microtubule-associated motor protein with several putative subcellular functions. Sequencing of the gene (DHC1) for cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain of the filamentous ascomycete, Nectria haematococca, revealed a 4,349-codon open reading frame (interrupted by two introns) with four highly conserved P-loop motifs, typical of cytoplasmic dynein heavy chains. The predicted amino acid sequence is 78.0% identical to the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain of Neurospora crassa, 70.2% identical to that of Aspergillus nidulans and 24.8% identical to that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The genomic copy of DHC1 in N. haematococca wild-type strain T213 was disrupted by inserting a selectable marker into the central motor domain. Mutants grew at 33% of the wild-type rate, forming dense compact colonies composed of spiral and highly branched hyphae. Major cytological phenotypes included (1) absence of aster-like arrays of cytoplasmic microtubules focused at the spindle pole bodies of post-mitotic and interphase nuclei, (2) limited post-mitotic nuclear migration, (3) lack of spindle pole body motility at interphase, (4) failure of spindle pole bodies to anchor interphase nuclei, (5) nonuniform distribution of interphase nuclei and (6) small or ephemeral Spitzenkörper at the apices of hyphal tip cells. Microtubule distribution in the apical region of tip cells of the mutant was essentially normal. The nonuniform distribution of nuclei in hyphae resulted primarily from a lack of both post-mitotic nuclear migration and anchoring of interphase nuclei by the spindle pole bodies. The results support the hypothesis that DHC1 is required for the motility and functions of spindle pole bodies, normal secretory vesicle transport to the hyphal apex and normal hyphal tip cell morphogenesis. PMID:9580563

  12. Statistical analysis of atmospheric forcing of North Pole ice draft variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shy, Timothy L.; Walsh, John E.

    1999-08-01

    A series of correlation experiments and regression models are used to explore the atmospheric forcing of observed interannual variability in North Pole ice drafts as measured by U.S. Navy submarine sonar from 1982 to 1992. Mean ice drafts as well as ice draft distributions are used in the analysis. Nearby drifting buoys are used to approximate a full 2-year motion history of the North Pole ice parcels prior to submarine underpass. Drawing from theoretical work and empirical observation, predictors of North Pole ice draft variation are selected which embody accumulated ice exposure to subfreezing air temperature, ice divergence, and patterns of ice motion. The timescales of the predictors are based on systematic evaluations of the lag dependence of the predictor-predictand relationships. Linear correlation of each predictor with the observed ice draft distribution shows accumulated ice exposure to subfreezing air temperature is weakly correlated with reductions in shallow (0 to 2.5-m) drafts. Ice divergence a week prior to draft measurement correlates most closely with the redistribution of ice drafts shallower than 3.5 m. Ice divergence and ice deflection from its wind-forced motion during the 6 months prior to observation correlate with deeper ice drafts (deeper than 6.8 and 4.6 m, respectively). Together, these two parameters explain more than 80% of the variance of the observed mean ice draft. The accumulated ice exposure to subfreezing air temperatures colder than the 1980-1992 mean in the 2 years prior to ice arrival at the North Pole adds little to an explanation of the interannual variance of the mean ice draft. The results imply that (1) a realistic formulation of sea ice dynamics is a first-order priority for model simulations of ice draft and (2) North Pole ice thickness is not a simple function of Arctic air temperature.

  13. In vitro gastrointestinal bioavailability of arsenic in soils collected near CCA-treated utility poles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouschat, Priscilla; Zagury, Gerald J

    2006-07-01

    Because of the potentially high arsenic concentrations found in soils immediately adjacent to chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood structures and utility poles, CCA-contaminated soil ingestion may be a significant exposure route to arsenic for children. Therefore, a strong need exists to provide accurate data on oral relative bioavailability (RBA) of arsenic (in vivo or in vitro) in field-collected CCA-contaminated soils. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess arsenic bioaccessibility in contaminated soils collected near in-service CCA-treated utility poles, (2) to determine the influence of soil properties and arsenic fractionation on arsenic bioaccessibility, and (3) to estimate an average daily arsenic intake from incidental soil ingestion. Arsenic bioaccessibility (in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) method) was determined on surface soil samples collected immediately adjacent to 12 CCA-treated utility poles after 18 months of service. Bioaccessible arsenic was also determined in 3 certified reference materials. Total arsenic concentrations in soils (RBA reported by Casteel et al. (2003) in soil near CCA-treated utility poles. Bioaccessible arsenic was positively correlated with total organic carbon content (r2 = 0.36, p < 0.05) and with water-soluble arsenic (2 = 0.51, p < 0.01), and was negatively correlated with clay content (r2 = 0.43, p < 0.05). Using conservative exposure parameters, the mean daily arsenic intake from incidental ingestion of contaminated soil near CCA-treated utility poles was 0.18 +/- 0.09 microg As kg(-1) d(-1). This arsenic intake appeared negligible compared to the daily intake of inorganic arsenic from water and food ingestion for children. PMID:16856753

  14. Evolution of Titan’s South Pole 220 cm-1 Ice Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Donald E.; Achterberg, Richard K.; Anderson, Carrie M.; Flasar, F. Michael; de Kok, Remco; Coustenis, Athena

    2014-11-01

    Titan’s atmosphere at the South Pole has been undergoing rapid and surprising changes as southern Winter approaches. Clouds began forming suddenly at the pole in 2012, seen by Cassini in both the visible and infrared [1, 2, 3]. In particular, the ice cloud identified by a spectral line at 220 cm-1 became visible for the first time in the south. Since then the cloud has greatly increased in radiance. Cassini CIRS has been observing the 220 cm-1 feature since the beginning of the mission in 2004. This emission feature was originally found in the north, where it has gradually decreased since 2004. The cloud in the south has evolved in shape and by late 2013 its thermal emission had developed into a collar morphology with a radius of about 10 degrees of latitude. From Cassini ISS images it appears that the visible cloud reported by West et al. [1] fit inside the central minimum of the 220 cm-1 emission collar. The collar was not centered at the pole but was shifted approximately 4 degrees toward the Sun from the pole. This shift coincides with the tilt of the atmospheric axis originally reported by Achterberg et al. [4]. At the same time, maps of emission from the gases HC3N, C4H2 and C6H6 [5] exhibited a ring-shape as well, but in addition a central peak at the 4-degree offset position. The maximum of the 220 cm-1 emission matched the minimum emission from the gases, suggesting a relationship between the cloud material and the gases. As condensation and newly formed gases concentrated at the pole, temperatures at the South Pole have become extremely low [6]. During 2014 the cloud and gas emission patterns have continued to evolve, with the ring structure becoming less distinct. We expect the emission from the 220 cm-1 ice cloud to increase and its structure to continue to develop as Cassini watches Titan move through late southern Autumn.References:1. West, R. A., et al., BAAS, 45, 305.03, 2013.2. Jennings, D. E., et al., ApJ, 754, L3, 2012.3. de Kok, R. et al

  15. The locus of second-order realizable pole locations exhibiting unity gain at zero frequency and three decibels in unit radian frequency

    CERN Document Server

    Chohan, V C

    1975-01-01

    A locus of realizable second-order pole locations of an all-pole transfer function is derived and illustrated such that the function exhibits unity gain at d.c. and 3 dB at omega =1 rad/s. It is shown that the second-order Butterworth pole pair is only a degenerate case of pole locations lying on this left-half-plane locus. (5 refs).

  16. TIME AND POLING HISTORY DEPENDENT ENERGY STORAGE AND DISCHARGE BEHAVIORS IN POLY(VINYLIDENE FLUORIDE-CO-HEXAFLUOROPROPYLENE) RANDOM COPOLYMERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang-xiao Guan; Jing Wang; Ji-lin Pan; Qing Wang; Lei Zhua

    2011-01-01

    We studied cycle time (0.01-10 s with triangular input waves) and poling history (continuous versus fresh poling) dependent electric energy storage and discharge behaviors in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VDFHFP)] films using the electric displacement — the electric field (D-E) hysteresis loop measurements. Since the permanent dipoles in PVDF are orientational in nature, it is generally considered that both charging and discharging processes should be time and poling history dependent. Intriguingly, our experimental results showed that the charging process depended heavily on the cycle time and the prior poling history, and thus the D-E hysteresis loops had different shapes accordingly. However, the discharged energy density did not change no matter how the D-E loop shape varied due to different measurements. This experimental result could be explained in terms of reversible and irreversible polarizations. The reversible polarization could be charged and discharged fairly quickly (< 5 ms for each process), while the irreversible polarization depended heavily on the poling time and the prior poling history. This study suggests that it is only meaningful to compare the discharged energy density for PVDF and its copolymer films when different cycle times and poling histories are used.

  17. Short periodical oscillations of pole coordinates determined by the Main Astronomical Observatory of the UAS from the Lageos laser ranging data in the MERIT campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosek, W.; Kolaczek, B.; Nurutdinov, K. Kh.; Taradii, V. K.; Tsesis, M. L.

    Pole coordinate variations in the MERIT campaign were computed from Lageos laser ranging data by the Kiev Geodynamics Program on the basis of pure numerical integration techniques, and they were compared with the pole coordinate variations computed by the Center for Space Researches (CSR), U.S.A. Short periodical variations of the pole coordinate variations have been analyzed.

  18. Top-quark pole mass in the tadpole-free MS-bar scheme

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Stephen P

    2016-01-01

    The complex pole mass of the top quark is presented at full two-loop order in the Standard Model, augmenting the known four-loop QCD contributions. The input parameters are the MS-bar Yukawa and gauge couplings, the Higgs self-coupling, and the Higgs vacuum expectation value (VEV). Here, the VEV is defined as the minimum of the full effective potential in Landau gauge, so that tadpoles vanish. This is an alternative to earlier results that instead minimize the tree-level potential, resulting in a VEV that is gauge-fixing independent but accompanied by negative powers of the Higgs self-coupling in perturbative expansions. The effects of non-zero Goldstone boson mass are eliminated by resummation. I also study the renormalization scale dependence of the calculated pole mass.

  19. High-Energy Forward Scattering and the Pomeron Simple Pole versus Unitarized Models

    CERN Document Server

    Cudell, J R; Kang, K; Lugovsky, S B; Tkachenko, N P

    2000-01-01

    Using the largest data set available, we determine the best values that the data at t=0 (total cross sections and real parts of the hadronic amplitudes) give for the intercepts and couplings of the soft pomeron and of the rho/omega and a/f trajectories. We show that these data cannot discriminate between a simple-pole fit and asymptotic log square s and log s fits, and hence are not sufficient to reveal the ultimate nature of the pomeron. However, we evaluate the existing evidence (factorization, universality, quark counting) favouring the simple-pole hypothesis. We also examine the range of validity in energy of the fits, and show that one cannot rely on such fits in the region sqrt(s)<9 GeV. We also establish bounds on the odderon and the hard pomeron.

  20. Status and recent results of the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup

    CERN Document Server

    Karg, Timo

    2010-01-01

    The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) has been deployed to study the feasibility of acoustic neutrino detection in Antarctic ice around the South Pole. An array of four strings equipped with acoustic receivers and transmitters, permanently installed in the upper 500 m of boreholes drilled for the IceCube neutrino observatory, and a retrievable transmitter that can be used in the water filled holes before the installation of the IceCube optical strings are used to measure the ice acoustic properties. These include the sound speed and its depth dependence, the attenuation length, the noise level, and the rate and nature of transient background sources in the relevant frequency range from 10 kHz to 100 kHz. SPATS is operating successfully since January 2007 and has been able to either measure or constrain all parameters. We present the latest results of SPATS and discuss their implications for future acoustic neutrino detection activities in Antarctica.

  1. BICEP2/SPUD: Searching for Inflation with Degree Scale Polarimetry from the South Pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hien Trong; Kovac, John; Adec, Peter; Aikin, Randol; Benton, Steve; Bock, Jamie; Brevik, Justus; Carlstrom, John; Dowell, Darren; Duband, Lionel; Golwala, Sunil; Halpern, Mark; Hasselfield, Matthew; Irwin, Kent; Jones, William; Kaufman, Jonathan; Keating, Brian; Kuo, Chao-Lin; Lange, Andrew; Matsumura, Tomotake; Netterfield, Barth; Pryke, Clem; Ruhl, John; Sheehy, Chris; Sudiwala, Rashmi

    2008-01-01

    BICEP2/SPUD is the new powerful upgrade of the existing BICEP1 experiment, a bolometric receiver to study the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation, which has been in operation at the South Pole since January 2006. BICEP2 will provide an improvement up to 10 times mapping speed at 150 GHz compared to BICEP1, using the same BICEP telescope mount. SPUD, a series of compact, mechanically-cooled receivers deployed on the DASI mount at the Pole, will provide similar mapping speed in to BICEP2 in three bands, 100, 150, and 220 GHz. The new system will use large TES focal plane arrays to provide unprecedented sensitivity and excellent control of foreground contamination.

  2. Landau pole in the Standard Model with weakly interacting scalar fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Yuta; Kawana, Kiyoharu; Tsumura, Koji

    2015-07-01

    We consider the Standard Model with a new scalar field X which is an nX representation of the SU (2)L with a hypercharge YX. The renormalization group running effects on the new scalar quartic coupling constants are evaluated. Even if we set the scalar quartic coupling constants to be zero at the scale of the new scalar field, the coupling constants are induced by the one-loop effect of the weak gauge bosons. Once non-vanishing couplings are generated, the couplings rapidly increase by renormalization group effect of the quartic coupling constant itself. As a result, the Landau pole appears below Planck scale if nX ≥ 4. We find that the scale of the obtained Landau pole is much lower than that evaluated by solving the one-loop beta function of the gauge coupling constants.

  3. Landau pole in the Standard Model with weakly interacting scalar fields

    CERN Document Server

    Hamada, Yuta; Tsumura, Koji

    2015-01-01

    We consider the Standard Model with a new scalar field $X$ which is a $n_X^{}$ representation of the $SU(2)_L$ with a hypercharge $Y_X$. The renormalization group running effects on the new scalar quartic coupling constants are evaluated. Even if we set the scalar quartic coupling constants to be zero at the scale of the new scalar field, the coupling constants are induced by the one-loop effect of the weak gauge bosons. Once non-vanishing couplings are generated, the couplings rapidly increase by renormalization group effect of the quartic coupling constant itself. As a result, the Landau pole appears below Planck scale if $n_X^{}\\geq 4$. We find that the scale of the obtained Landau pole is much lower than that evaluated by solving the one-loop beta function of the gauge coupling constants.

  4. Robust pole assignment for synthesizing feedback control systems using recurrent neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Xinyi; Wang, Jun

    2014-02-01

    This paper presents a neurodynamic optimization approach to robust pole assignment for synthesizing linear control systems via state and output feedback. The problem is formulated as a pseudoconvex optimization problem with robustness measure: i.e., the spectral condition number as the objective function and linear matrix equality constraints for exact pole assignment. Two coupled recurrent neural networks are applied for solving the formulated problem in real time. In contrast to existing approaches, the exponential convergence of the proposed neurodynamics to global optimal solutions can be guaranteed even with lower model complexity in terms of the number of variables. Simulation results of the proposed neurodynamic approach for 11 benchmark problems are reported to demonstrate its superiority. PMID:24807036

  5. A computational investigation of pole-zero cancellation for a double inverted pendulum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodham, C. A.; Su, H.

    2002-03-01

    Modern symbolic computational systems which perform automated manipulation of algebraic variables offer insights into a variety of mathematical problems. This work uses the symbolic manipulation toolbox available in MATLAB to investigate pole-zero cancellation of the uncontrollable double inverted pendulum algebraically, following exploratory numerical computation. The ability of the software to factorise complicated multi-variable polynomials is exploited to identify, in algebraic form, the anticipated pole-zero term cancelling throughout the transfer functions of the uncontrollable pendulum system. The controllability of pendulum systems may be investigated for any of the control inputs. In this paper, the system has been considered with respect to the force on the trolley, for which it is a conditionally uncontrollable problem, and with respect to each of the torques on the arms, which are unconditionally uncontrollable problems.

  6. THE ROLE OF THE CONCEPT OF GROWTH POLES FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KOMAROVSKIY Viktor

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses determinants of the concept of "points of growth" at regional level. The definition of the concept of growth points is considered in terms of economic development of the region, which integrates into the global world. As a basic model of local development is proposed to use the theory for Growth Poles of François Perroux, that later was supplemented by Albert Hirschman. To estimate the possible practical applications of the theory for Growth Poles in the development of local economic development programs and regional planning in the article it is considered the adaptive model of "growth points" with feedback. Using the proposed model allows us to develop an algorithm for the local public administration to identify the most prospective areas for attracting FDI.

  7. Design of an MgB2 race track coil for a wind generator pole demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An MgB2 race track coil intended for demonstrating a down scaled pole of a 10 MW direct drive wind turbine generator has been designed. The coil consists of 10 double pancake coils stacked into a race track coil with a cross section of 84 mm × 80 mm. The length of the straight section is 0.5 m and the diameter of the end sections is 0.3 m. Expanded to a straight section of 3.1 m it will produce about 1.5 T magnetic flux density in the air gap of the 10 MW 32 pole generator and about 3.0 T at the edge of the superconducting coil with an operation current density of the coil of 70 A/mm2.

  8. The Spitzer-South Pole Telescope Deep Field: Survey Design and IRAC Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Ashby, M L N; Brodwin, M; Gonzalez, A H; Martinez, J; Bartlett, J G; Benson, B A; Bleem, L E; Crawford, T M; Dey, A; Dressler, A; Eisenhardt, P R M; Galametz, A; Jannuzi, B T; Marrone, D P; Mei, S; Muzzin, A; Pacaud, F; Pierre, M; Stern, D; Vieira, J D

    2013-01-01

    The Spitzer-South Pole Telescope Deep Field (SSDF) is a wide-area survey using Spitzer's Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) to cover 94 square degrees of extragalactic sky, making it the largest IRAC survey completed to date outside the Milky Way midplane. The SSDF is centered at 23:30,-55:00, in a region that combines observations spanning a broad wavelength range from numerous facilities. These include millimeter imaging from the South Pole Telescope, far-infrared observations from Herschel/SPIRE, X-ray observations from the XMM XXL survey, near-infrared observations from the VISTA Hemisphere Survey, and radio-wavelength imaging from the Australia Telescope Compact Array, in a panchromatic project designed to address major outstanding questions surrounding galaxy clusters and the baryon budget. Here we describe the Spitzer/IRAC observations of the SSDF, including the survey design, observations, processing, source extraction, and publicly available data products. In particular, we present two band-merged catalogs...

  9. Orientation of azobenzene molecules in polymer films induced by all-optical poling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaoxia Zhong(钟晓霞); Shouyu Luo(罗售余); Xiuqin Yu(虞秀琴); Qu Li(李劬); Yingli Chen(陈英礼); Yu Sui(隋郁); Jie Yin(印杰)

    2003-01-01

    A model of the alignment of azobenzene molecules in polymer film induced by all-optical poling is proposedand verified by experiment. We found that when the writing beams of frequencies ω and 2ω are both linearlypolarized with their polarization directions parallel to each other, azobenzene molecules tend to reorientto the direction perpendicular to the writing beams polarization. At the end of the writing process, moremolecules orient to the direction perpendicular to the writing beams polarization than those which orientto the parallel direction. The alignment of molecules parallel or perpendicular to the polarization of thewriting beams is characteristic of polarity or no polarity, respectively. The alignment of molecules alongthe polarization of writing beams results in the second order nonlinearity in the polymer film. Accordingto the model, a new method to improve the optical poling efficiency is put forward.

  10. A controllable resistor and its applications in pole-zero tracking frequency compensation methods for LDOs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a controllable resistor, which is formed by a MOS-resistor working in the deep triangle region and an auxiliary circuit. The auxiliary circuit can generate the gate-source voltage which is proportional to the output current of an low dropout regulator for the MOS-resistor. Thus, the equivalent output resistance of the MOS-resistor is inversely proportional to the output current, which is a suitable feature for pole-zero tracking frequency compensation methods. By switching the type of the MOS-resistor and current direction through the auxiliary circuit, the controllable resistor can be suitable for different applications. Three pole-zero tracking frequency compensation methods based on a single Miller capacitor with nulling resistor, unit-gain compensation cell and pseudo-ESR (equivalent serial resistor of load capacitor) power stage have been realized by this controllable resistor. Their advantages and limitations are discussed and verified by simulation results.

  11. Orbital angular momentum entanglement via fork-poling nonlinear photonic crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, L L; Xu, P; Zhong, M L; Bai, Y F; Zhu, S N

    2015-01-26

    We report a compact scheme for the generation and manipulation of photon pairs entangled in the orbital angular momentum (OAM) from the fork-poling quadratic nonlinear crystal. The χ(2)-modulation in this crystal is designed for fulfilling a tilted quasi-phase-matching geometry to ensure the efficient generation of entangled photons as well as for transferring of topological charge of the crystal to the photon pairs. Numerical results show that the OAM of photon pair is anti-correlated and the degree of OAM entanglement can be enhanced by modulating the topological charge of crystal, which indicates a feasible extension to high-dimensional OAM entanglement. These studies suggest that the fork-poling nonlinear photonic crystal a unique platform for compact generation and manipulation of high-dimensional and high-order OAM entanglement, which may have potential applications in quantum communication, quantum cryptography and quantum remote sensing. PMID:25835879

  12. Contact poling of Rb:KTiOPO(4) using a micro-structured silicon electrode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kianirad, Hoda; Zukauskas, Andrius; Frisk, Thomas; Canalias, Carlota; Laurell, Fredrik

    2015-01-26

    A contact poling technique for domain engineering of ferroelectrics using a micro-structured silicon electrode is demonstrated on Rb:KTiOPO4. High quality QPM gratings were reproducibly fabricated. The silicon electrode is reusable and the technique potentially suitable when complex structures with sub-μm features are to be domain engineered, which otherwise is incompatible with conventional photolithography. A non-negligible domain broadening was seen and attributed to a low nucleation rate using this type of electrode. However, under the appropriate poling conditions, this could be exploited to obtain a QPM grating with a short pitch (2 μm), equal to half of the electrode period. PMID:25835822

  13. Pulse Sequences for Efficient Multi-Cycle Terahertz Generation in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate

    CERN Document Server

    Ravi, Koustuban; Kärtner, Franz X

    2016-01-01

    The use of laser pulse sequences to drive the cascaded difference frequency generation of high energy, high peak-power and multi-cycle terahertz pulses in cryogenically cooled periodically poled lithium niobate is proposed. Detailed simulations considering the coupled nonlinear interaction of terahertz and optical waves show that unprecedented optical-to-terahertz energy conversion efficiencies > 5%, peak electric fields of hundred(s) of Mega volts/meter at terahertz pulse durations of hundred(s) of picoseconds can be achieved. The proposed methods are shown to circumvent laser-induced damage at Joule-level pumping by 1$\\mu$m lasers to enable multi-cycle terahertz sources with pulse energies >> 10 milli-joules. Various pulse sequence formats are proposed and analyzed. Numerical calculations for periodically poled structures accounting for cascaded difference frequency generation, self-phase-modulation, cascaded second harmonic generation and laser induced damage are introduced. Unprecedented studies of the ph...

  14. Complex pole approach in thermodynamic description of fluid mixtures with small number of molecules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aslyamov, Timur, E-mail: t.aslyamov@gmail.com [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation); Dinariev, Oleg [Schlumberger Moscow Research Center (Russian Federation)

    2014-11-07

    The subject matter of classical thermodynamics is the asymptotic behavior of equilibrium systems in thermodynamic limit, for small molecular systems, when transition to thermodynamic limit is impossible, the extension of thermodynamics is required. This work studies novel approach for the evaluation of partition functions of small systems by complex pole analysis. Several cases for molecular systems in small cavities are studied numerically. In particular size-dependent additional pressure for small systems is evaluated analytically and numerically. Similar approach was developed earlier in nuclear physics for finite systems of nucleons. The obtained results correspond to published experimental data and molecular dynamics simulations. - Highlights: • Behavior of gas–liquid mixtures with small number of molecules in finite volume. • The analysis is performed in the frame of equilibrium statistical physics. • Partition function is evaluated by complex pole method. • Previous one-component method is extended for multicomponent molecular mixtures. • Size dependent additional pressure for small systems is computed.

  15. Levitation Performance of Two Opposed Permanent Magnet Pole-Pair Separated Conical Bearingless Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kascak, Peter; Jansen, Ralph; Dever, Timothy; Nagorny, Aleksandr; Loparo, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    In standard motor applications, rotor suspension with traditional mechanical bearings represents the most economical solution. However, in certain high performance applications, rotor suspension without contacting bearings is either required or highly beneficial. Examples include applications requiring very high speed or extreme environment operation, or with limited access for maintenance. This paper expands upon a novel bearingless motor concept, in which two motors with opposing conical air-gaps are used to achieve full five-axis levitation and rotation of the rotor. Force in this motor is created by deliberately leaving the motor s pole-pairs unconnected, which allows the creation of different d-axis flux in each pole pair. This flux imbalance is used to create lateral force. This approach is different than previous bearingless motor designs, which require separate windings for levitation and rotation. This paper examines the predicted and achieved suspension performance of a fully levitated prototype bearingless system.

  16. 3-D Finite Element Investigation of Flux Regulation Performance of a Novel Hybrid Excitation Brushless Claw-Pole Alternator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiao Dongwei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In consideration of low power density of electric excitation claw-pole synchronous alternator (EECA and some difficulties in magnetic field regulation of permanent magnet claw-pole synchronous alternator (PMCA, a novel hybrid excitation brushless claw-pole alternator (HEBCA is proposed in this paper. Its structure and field control principle are described. Three dimensional finite element analysis is used to obtain the no-load magnetic field distributions and field control capability under different field currents. The result shows that the flux of the prototype machine can be adjusted over a wide range with a relatively low field current.

  17. Electrical power line and pole removal radiological survey completion report: Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project: Revision 0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following radiological survey completion report was prepared as an overview of the radiological measurements performed for the now completed work package WP018, Electrical Power Line and Pole Removal. Because of the dangers presented by the deteriorating state of the power poles an interim remedial action was initiated. The purpose of this report is to summarize the plan for the radiological survey of the power poles and lines and to document the amount of material released from the Weldon Spring Site for unrestricted use

  18. On the mystery of the perennial carbon dioxide cap at the south pole of Mars

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Xin; Richardson, Mark Ian; Soto, Alejandro; Toigo, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    A perennial ice cap has long been observed near the south pole of Mars. The surface of this cap is predominantly composed of carbon dioxide ice. The retention of a CO_2 ice cap results from the surface energy balance of the latent heat, solar radiation, surface emission, subsurface conduction, and atmospheric sensible heat. While models conventionally treat surface CO_2 ice using constant ice albedos and emissivities, such an approach fails to predict the existence of a perennial cap. Here we...

  19. Sharp asymptotic estimates for eigenvalues of Aharonov-Bohm operators with varying poles

    OpenAIRE

    Abatangelo, L; Felli, V.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the behavior of eigenvalues for a magnetic Aharonov-Bohm operator with half-integer circulation and Dirichlet boundary conditions in a planar domain. We provide sharp asymptotics for eigenvalues as the pole is moving in the interior of the domain, approaching a zero of an eigenfunction of the limiting problem along a nodal line. As a consequence, we verify theoretically some conjectures arising from numerical evidences in preexisting literature. The proof relies on an Almgren-t...

  20. On the Aharonov-Bohm Operators with Varying Poles: The Boundary Behavior of Eigenvalues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noris, Benedetta; Nys, Manon; Terracini, Susanna

    2015-11-01

    We consider a magnetic Schrödinger operator with magnetic field concentrated at one point (the pole) of a domain and half integer circulation, and we focus on the behavior of Dirichlet eigenvalues as functions of the pole. Although the magnetic field vanishes almost everywhere, it is well known that it affects the operator at the spectral level (the Aharonov-Bohm effect, Phys Rev (2) 115:485-491, 1959). Moreover, the numerical computations performed in (Bonnaillie-Noël et al., Anal PDE 7(6):1365-1395, 2014; Noris and Terracini, Indiana Univ Math J 59(4):1361-1403, 2010) show a rather complex behavior of the eigenvalues as the pole varies in a planar domain. In this paper, in continuation of the analysis started in (Bonnaillie-Noël et al., Anal PDE 7(6):1365-1395, 2014; Noris and Terracini, Indiana Univ Math J 59(4):1361-1403, 2010), we analyze the relation between the variation of the eigenvalue and the nodal structure of the associated eigenfunctions. We deal with planar domains with Dirichlet boundary conditions and we focus on the case when the singular pole approaches the boundary of the domain: then, the operator loses its singular character and the k-th magnetic eigenvalue converges to that of the standard Laplacian. We can predict both the rate of convergence and whether the convergence happens from above or from below, in relation with the number of nodal lines of the k-th eigenfunction of the Laplacian. The proof relies on the variational characterization of eigenvalues, together with a detailed asymptotic analysis of the eigenfunctions, based on an Almgren-type frequency formula for magnetic eigenfunctions and on the blow-up technique.

  1. Theoretical study of quasi-phase-matching fourth harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Xie(谢威); Xianfeng Chen(陈险峰); Like He(何利科); Yuping Chen(陈玉萍); Yuxing Xia(夏宇兴)

    2004-01-01

    The direct fourth harmonic generation (FHG) is theoretically demonstrated based on quasi-phase-matching (QPM) configuration in periodically poled lithium tantalate (PPLT). The wavelength dependence of the period of FHG QPM gratings is calculated. Bandwidths of fundamental wavelength, temperature, and incident angle are also studied. A very wide bandwidth, as large as 119.5 nm, of fundamental wavelength near 3699 nm is found with the QPM period of 9.442 μm and the crystal length of 1 cm.

  2. Robust Pole Assignment of Digital Control System with Output Multirate Sampled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Multirate digital control system is a periodically time-variant (PTV)system in its essence. It has many “super capability”, such as obtaining arbitrarily-large gain-margin,simultaneous stabilization, strong stabilization, decentralized control, etc. Utilizing freedom aroused from the multirate sampling of system output, this paper assigns poles of the closedloop system robustly, and so improves the resistance of the system to perturbation.

  3. Modeling poling processes in ferroelectric devices taking into account weak electric conductivity

    OpenAIRE

    Schwaab, Holger; Kamlah, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Ferroelectrics are used to generate a displacement or force by applying an electric voltage. The underlying so-called piezoelectric effect is a coupling between electric field and strain. Being a polycrystalline material, piezoelectric properties have to be induced by the so-called poling process. This process may lead to a remanent polarization field which is not divergence free, in general. As a consequence, severe electric depolarization fields may occur. On the other hand, it is well know...

  4. High torque density permanent magnet brushless machines with similar slot and pole numbers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes a theoretical and experimental investigation into the electromagnetic performance of permanent magnet brushless machines having similar slot and pole numbers. Finite element analysis is employed to predict the airgap flux density distribution, the cogging torque and emf waveforms, and the winding inductances. It is shown that such machines exhibit a high torque density and is conducive to fault tolerance. The results are validated on two experimental motors

  5. Hall effect sensors embedded within two-pole toothless stator assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denk, Joseph (Inventor); Grant, Richard J. (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A two-pole toothless PM machine employs Hall effect sensors to indicate the position of the machine's rotor relative to power windings in the machine's stator. The Hall effect sensors are located in the main magnetic air gap underneath the power windings. The main magnetic air gap is defined by an outer magnetic surface of the rotor and an inner surface of the stator's flux collector ring.

  6. Phosphorylation of CPAP by Aurora-A Maintains Spindle Pole Integrity during Mitosis

    OpenAIRE

    En-Ju Chou; Liang-Yi Hung; Chieh-Ju C. Tang; Wen-Bin Hsu; Hsin-Yi Wu; Pao-Chi Liao; Tang K. Tang

    2016-01-01

    CPAP is required for centriole elongation during S/G2 phase, but the role of CPAP in mitosis is incompletely understood. Here, we show that CPAP maintains spindle pole integrity through its phosphorylation by Aurora-A during mitosis. Depletion of CPAP induced a prolonged delay in mitosis, pericentriolar material (PCM) dispersion, and multiple mitotic abnormalities. Further studies demonstrated that CPAP directly interacts with and is phosphorylated by Aurora-A at serine 467 during mitosis. In...

  7. Approximate pole-placement controller using inverse plant dynamics for floor vibration control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyawako, Donald S.; Reynolds, Paul; Hudson, Malcolm J.

    2013-04-01

    Past research and field trials have demonstrated the viability of active vibration control (AVC) technologies for the mitigation of human induced vibrations in problematic floors. They make use of smaller units than their passive counterparts, provide quicker and more efficient control, can tackle multiple modes of vibration simultaneously and adaptability can be introduced to enhance their robustness. Predominantly single-input-single-output (SISO) and multi- SISO collocated sensor and actuator pairs have been utilized in direct output feedback schemes, for example, with direct velocity feedback (DVF). On-going studies have extended such past works to include model-based control approaches, for example, pole-placement (PP), which demonstrate increased flexibility of achieving desired vibration mitigation performances but for which stability issues must be adequately addressed. The work presented here is an extension to the pole-placement controller design using an algebraic approach that has been investigated in past studies. An approximate pole-placement controller formulated via the inversion of the floor dynamics, considered as minimum phase, is designed to achieve target closed-loop performances. Analytical studies and experimental tests are based on a laboratory structure and comparisons in vibration mitigation performances are made with a typical DVF control scheme with inner loop actuator compensation. It is shown that with minimal compensation, primarily in the form of notch filters and gain adjustment, the approximate pole-placement controller scheme is easily formulated and implemented and offers good vibration mitigation performance as well as the potential for isolation and control of specific target modes of vibration. Predicted attenuations of 22dB and 12dB in both the first and second vibration modes of the laboratory structure were also realized in the experimental studies for DVF and the approximate PP controller.

  8. Climatic Change over the 'Third Pole' from Long Tree-Ring Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, E.

    2011-12-01

    Climatic change over the Greater Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau, the 'Third Pole' of the world, is of great concern now as the Earth continues to warm at an alarming rate. While future climatic change over this region and its resulting impacts on humanity and the environment are difficult to predict with much certainty, knowing how climate has varied in the past can provide both an improved understanding of the range of variability and change that could occur in the future and the necessary context for assessing recent observed climatic change there. For this purpose, one of the best natural archives of past climate information available for study of the Third Pole environment is the changing pattern of annual ring widths found in long tree-ring chronologies. The forests of the Third Pole support many long-lived tree species, with some having life spans in excess of 1,000 years. This natural resource is steadily dwindling now due to continuing deforestation caused by human activity, but there is still enough remaining forest cover to produce a detailed network of long tree-ring chronologies for study of climate variability and change covering the past several centuries. The tree-ring records provide a mix of climate information, including that related to both temperature and precipitation. Examples of long drought-sensitive tree-ring records from the more arid parts of the Karakoram and Tibetan Plateau will be presented, along with records that primarily reflect changing temperatures in moister environments such as in Bhutan. Together they provide a glimpse of how climate of the Third Pole has changed over the past several centuries, the range of natural variability that could occur in the future independent of changes caused by greenhouse warming, and how changes during the latter part of the 20th century period of rapid global warming compare to the past.

  9. Semigroup evolution in Wigner Weisskopf pole approximation with Markovian spectral coupling

    OpenAIRE

    Shikerman, F.; Peer, A.; Horwitz, L. P.

    2011-01-01

    We establish the relation between the Wigner-Weisskopf theory for the description of an unstable system and the theory of coupling to an environment. According to the Wigner-Weisskopf general approach, even within the pole approximation (neglecting the background contribution) the evolution of a total system subspace is not an exact semigroup for the multi-channel decay, unless the projectors into eigesntates of the reduced evolution generator $W(z)$ are orthogonal. In this case these project...

  10. Frequency and factors effecting non clearance of lower pole renal stones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renal stone disease is a major health hazard in Pakistan and extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy is one of comprehensive method used to treat these stones. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of factors affecting the non-clearance of stone fragments of lower pole renal stone after extra corporeal shockwave lithotripsy. The study was done with the objective to determine the frequency the spatial anatomical factors which can influence the non-clearance of lower pole stone fragments after ESWL. Methods: One and nineteen (119) patients with lower pole renal stone less than 10 mm were subjected to maximum 3 sessions of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. KUB radiographs, ultrasonography and intravenous urography were used as investigative tools for lower pole renal calyceal anatomy. X ray KUB and ultrasound were done after a week for clearance. Data was analysed with the help of SPSS version 10.0 and presented in the forms of tables and graphs. Results: There were 77 (64.71%) males and 42 (35.29%) females. Infundibulo-pelvic angle (IPA)>40 degree was present in 93 (78.15%), Infundibular length (IL) <22 mm in 107 (89.92%) and Infundibular width (IW) >4 mm was present in 100 (84.03%) patients. The frequency of stone non clearance was noted in 31 (26.05%). Infundibulo-pelvic angle (IPA)>40 degree (p=0.000), Infundibular length (IL)<22 mm (p=0.001) and Infundibular width (IW)>4 mm (p=0.046) were significant variables affecting stone clearance. Conclusion: The frequency of non-clearance of lower calyx of kidney stone is 26.05%. The clearance of fragments of the lower calyx kidney stones is affected by three spatial anatomical factors, i.e., Infundibulopelvic angle, Infundibular width and infundibular length. (author)

  11. Chirality control by electric field in periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate

    CERN Document Server

    Shi, Lei; Chen, Xianfeng

    2012-01-01

    We study the chirality of periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate (MgO:PPLN) by electro-optic (EO) effect. It shows that optical propagation is reciprocal in MgO:PPLN when quasi-phase-matched (QPM) condition is satisfied, which is similar to natural optical active medium like quartz. We also demonstrate that the chirality of MgO:PPLN can be controlled by external electric field.

  12. Analysis of non-salient pole synchronous generator using phasor diagrams

    OpenAIRE

    Yahaya Asizehi ENESI; Zungeru, Adamu Murtala; Isah Agbogunde ADEMOH

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, various performance equations are derived from phasor diagrams of a three phase non-salient pole (cylindrical rotor) synchronous generator of known armature resistance and of ignored armature resistance for lagging, unity and leading power factor load. These equations are used to calculate the output parameters of non-synchronous generator and to plot the graphs of terminal voltage-armature current, torque angle-armature current, torque angle-terminal voltage, power-torque angl...

  13. Atmospheric neutrino flux at INO, South Pole and Pyh\\"asalmi

    CERN Document Server

    Athar, M Sajjad; Kajita, T; Kasahara, K; Midorikawa, S

    2012-01-01

    We present the calculation of the atmospheric neutrino fluxes for the neutrino experiments proposed at INO, South Pole and Pyh\\"asalmi. Neutrino fluxes have been obtained using ATMNC, a simulation code for cosmic ray in the atmosphere. Even using the same primary flux model and the interaction model, the calculated atmospheric neutrino fluxes are different for the different sites due to the geomagnetic field. The prediction of these fluxes in the present paper would be quite useful in the experimental analysis.

  14. $R_{b}$ measurements at centre-of-mass energy above the Z pole at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Ruggiero, G

    2001-01-01

    The measurements of R/sub b/= sigma (e/sup +/e/sup -/ to bb)/ sigma (e/sup +/e/sup -/ to qq) at centre-of-mass energies above the Z pole using data collected by the LEP experiments from 1995 to 1999 are summarised. The measurements are performed using b-tagging methods that exploit the relatively large decay length of b hadrons. A preliminary combination of the R/sub b/ measurements is also presented. (9 refs).

  15. About the three-loop relation between the MS-bar and the pole quark masses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We give a brief overview of the recent analytical calculation of the relation between the MS-bar quark mass and the pole quark mass at the third order of Quantum Chromodynamics. Other new results for typical on-shell QCD quantities beyond two-loops are briefly discussed as well, such as a 3-loop result for the quark wave function renormalization factor Z2 in the on-shell scheme

  16. Global exponential stability of recurrent neural networks for synthesizing linear feedback control systems via pole assignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunong; Wang, Jun

    2002-01-01

    Global exponential stability is the most desirable stability property of recurrent neural networks. The paper presents new results for recurrent neural networks applied to online computation of feedback gains of linear time-invariant multivariable systems via pole assignment. The theoretical analysis focuses on the global exponential stability, convergence rates, and selection of design parameters. The theoretical results are further substantiated by simulation results conducted for synthesizing linear feedback control systems with different specifications and design requirements. PMID:18244461

  17. Modulational instability of polarization of light in a periodically poled lithium niobate chip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ping; Liu, Kun; Chen, Xianfeng

    2016-01-01

    A critical physical phenomenon of polarization instability was observed in periodically poled lithium niobate, which reveals that tiny changes in the exterior conditions will have a remarkable effect on the polarization state of the output light. The instability shown here has a new physical mechanism from those in the weakly dispersive fiber, and such an in-chip chaos system is likely to promote an integrated chaos device behaving as biosensor, switch, and filter with high sensitivity or resolution.

  18. Transurethral neo-orifice (TUNO a novel technique for management of upper pole obstruction in infancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert S. Swana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and Objective: Ureteral duplication is the most common urologic abnormality. The upper pole ureter can sometimes be associated with a ureterocele. In rare cases the ureteral insertion is extravesical and can result in significant hydroureteronephrosis. Patients can present with urinary tract infection, abdominal mass or urinary obstruction. Traditional procedures include ureteral reimplantation, ureteroureterostomy or heminephroureterectomy. These reconstructive procedures are technically challenging in small infants, especially when the hydroureteronephrosis is severe. In some cases a distal cutaneous ureterostomy is performed for immediate drainage followed by definitive surgery when the child is older. We describe our initial experience with a novel cystoscopic technique which provides drainage of the upper pole ureter and avoids the need for an incision or stoma. Materials and Methods: A 3 month-old boy presented with urinary tract infections and failure to thrive. Ultrasound revealed severe upper pole hydroureteronephrosis. Voiding cystourethrography did not reveal vesicoureteral reflux or the presence of a ureterocele. The patient underwent cytoscopy. The ectopic ureteral orifice was not identified. A transurethral, transvesical needle puncture and confirmatory ureteropyelography was used to access the dilated upper pole ureter. Guidewire passage, followed catheter dilation then allowed creation of a new ureteral orifice using a holmium laser. Results: The patient tolerated the procedure well. He was discharged after overnight observation. The hydronephrosis improved, urinary tract infections have not recurred and the patient rapidly improved feeding and weight gain. Conclusion: Trans-Urethral Neo-Orifice creation is a minimally invasive option for initial decompression for patients with obstructive ureteral ectopia.

  19. Fundamental processes governing operation and degradation in state of the art P-OLEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Matthew; Asada, Kohei; Cass, Michael; Coward, Chris; King, Simon; Lee, Andrew; Pintani, Martina; Ramon, Miguel; Foden, Clare

    2010-05-01

    We present a theoretical and experimental analysis of operation and degradation of model fluorescent blue bilayer polymer organic light emitting diodes (P-OLED). Optical and electrical simulations of bilayer P-OLEDs are used to highlight the key material and device parameters required for efficient recombination and outcoupling of excitons. Mobility data for a model interlayer material poly (9,9-dioctylfluorene-N-(4-(2-butyl)phenyl)-diphenylamine) (TFB) and a model fluorescent blue light emitting material poly-(9,9'- dioctylfluorene-co-bis-N, N'-(4-butylphenyl)-bis-N,N'- phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine) (95:5 mol%) (F8-PFB random copoloymer), is shown to satisfy the key charge transport characteristics required to ensure exciton formation at the optimum location for efficient extraction of the light where μh (LEP) 90%) of the quenching sites produced. This highlights the importance of understanding these reversible phenomena in improving P-OLED lifetime and commercial adoption of the technology.

  20. Measurement of sound speed vs. depth in South Pole ice: pressure waves and shear waves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    IceCube Collaboration; Klein, Spencer

    2009-06-04

    We have measured the speed of both pressure waves and shear waves as a function of depth between 80 and 500 m depth in South Pole ice with better than 1% precision. The measurements were made using the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS), an array of transmitters and sensors deployed in the ice at the South Pole in order to measure the acoustic properties relevant to acoustic detection of astrophysical neutrinos. The transmitters and sensors use piezoceramics operating at {approx}5-25 kHz. Between 200 m and 500 m depth, the measured profile is consistent with zero variation of the sound speed with depth, resulting in zero refraction, for both pressure and shear waves. We also performed a complementary study featuring an explosive signal propagating vertically from 50 to 2250 m depth, from which we determined a value for the pressure wave speed consistent with that determined for shallower depths, higher frequencies, and horizontal propagation with the SPATS sensors. The sound speed profile presented here can be used to achieve good acoustic source position and emission time reconstruction in general, and neutrino direction and energy reconstruction in particular. The reconstructed quantities could also help separate neutrino signals from background.

  1. Soft rot decay capabilities and interactions of fungi and bacteria from fumigated utility poles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives were to (1) identify microfungi and bacterial associates isolated from fumigated southern pine poles from EPRI project RP 1471-72, (2) study the soft-rot capabilities of predominant fungi, and (3) study interactions among microorganisms in relation to wood decay. Methods for identification followed standard techniques using morphological and physiological criteria. Soft-rot by microfungi alone and with bacteria was determined as weight loss and anatomical examination of wood blocks using light microscopy and limited electron microscopy. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus was the predominant bacterium. Twenty-one species of microfungi were identified including four new species. A book entitled IDENTIFICATION MANUAL FOR FUNGI FROM UTILITY POLES IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES was published. An improved soft-rot test was devised. Fifty-one of 84 species (60%) of microfungi from poles tested were soft-rot positive; that is much greater than previously reported. Three types of anatomical damage of wood of pine or birch caused by soft-rot fungi were described. Interaction tests showed that, in some cases, there was a strong synergism between bacteria and fungi in causing weight loss, but results were inconsistent. Although soft rot is often most apparent under conditions of very high moisture, intermediate moisture levels appear to be optimal, as with basidiomycete decayers

  2. An electrical gearbox by means of pole variation for induction and superconducting disc motor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a poly-phase disc motor innovative feeding and control strategy, based on a variable poles approach, and its application to a HTS disc motor, are presented. The stator windings may be electronically commutated to implement a 2, 4, 6 or 8 poles winding, thus changing the motor's torque/speed characteristics. The motor may be a conventional induction motor with a conductive disc rotor, or a new HTS disc motor, with conventional copper windings at its two iron semi-stators, and a HTS disc as a rotor. The conventional induction motor's operation principle is related with the induced electromotive forces in the conductive rotor. Its behaviour, characteristics (namely their torque/speed characteristics for different number of pole pairs) and modelling through Steinmetz and others theories are well known. The operation principle of the motor with HTS rotor, however, is rather different and is related with vortices' dynamics and pinning characteristics; this is a much more complex process than induction, and its modelling is quite complicated. In this paper, the operation was simulated through finite-elements commercial software, whereas superconductivity was simulated by the E-J power law. The Electromechanical performances of both motors where computed and are presented and compared. Considerations about the systems overall efficiency, including cryogenics, are also discussed

  3. Thermal properties of Rhea's Poles: Evidence for a Meter-Deep Unconsolidated Subsurface Layer

    CERN Document Server

    Howett, Carly; Hurford, Terry; Verbiscer, Anne; Segura, Marcia

    2016-01-01

    Cassini's Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) observed both of Rhea's polar regions during two flybys on 2013/03/09 and 2015/02/10. The results show Rhea's southern winter pole is one of the coldest places directly observed in our solar system: temperatures of 25.4+/-7.4 K and 24.7+/-6.8 K are inferred. The surface temperature of the northern summer pole is warmer: 66.6+/-0.6 K. Assuming the surface thermophysical properties of both polar regions are comparable then these temperatures can be considered a summer and winter seasonal temperature constraint for the polar region. These observations provide solar longitude coverage at 133 deg and 313 deg for the summer and winter poles respectively, with additional winter temperature constraint at 337 deg. Seasonal models with bolometric albedos of 0.70-0.74 and thermal inertias of 1-46 MKS can provide adequate fits to these temperature constraints. Both these albedo and thermal inertia values agree (within error) with those previously observed on both Rhea's le...

  4. Influence of annealing on the photodeposition of silver on periodically poled lithium niobate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carville, N. Craig; Neumayer, Sabine M.; Rodriguez, Brian J., E-mail: brian.rodriguez@ucd.ie [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Manzo, Michele; Baghban, Mohammad-Amin; Gallo, Katia [Department of Applied Physics, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Roslagstullbacken 21, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Ivanov, Ilia N. [Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2016-02-07

    The preferential deposition of metal nanoparticles onto periodically poled lithium niobate surfaces, whereby photogenerated electrons accumulate in accordance with local electric fields and reduce metal ions from solution, is known to depend on the intensity and wavelength of the illumination and the concentration of the solution used. Here, it is shown that for identical deposition conditions (wavelength, intensity, concentration), post-poling annealing for 10 h at 200 °C modifies the surface reactivity through the reorientation of internal defect fields. Whereas silver nanoparticles deposit preferentially on the +z domains on unannealed crystals, the deposition occurs preferentially along 180° domain walls for annealed crystals. In neither case is the deposition selective; limited deposition occurs also on the unannealed –z domain surface and on both annealed domain surfaces. The observed behavior is attributed to a relaxation of the poling-induced defect frustration mediated by Li{sup +} ion mobility during annealing, which affects the accumulation of electrons, thereby changing the surface reactivity. The evolution of the defect field with temperature is corroborated using Raman spectroscopy.

  5. Energy dependence of K-bar N interactions and resonance pole of strange dibaryons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the resonance energy of the strange dibaryons using two models with the energy-independent and energy-dependent potentials for the s-wave K-bar N interaction, both of which are derived by certain reductions from the leading order term of the effective chiral Lagrangian. These potential models produce rather different off-shell behaviors of the two-body K-bar N - πΣ amplitudes in I=0 channel, i.e., the model with energy-independent (energy-dependent) potential predicts one (two) resonance pole in the Λ(1405) region, while they describe the available data equally well. We find that the energy-independent potential model predicts one resonance pole of the strange dibaryons, whereas the energy-dependent potential model predicts two resonance poles: one is the shallow quasi-bound state of the K-bar NN, and the other is the resonance of the πY N with large width. An investigation of the binding energy of the strange dibaryons will make a significant contribution to clarify resonance structure of s-wave K-bar N - πΣ around the Λ(1405) region. (author)

  6. Semigroup evolution in the Wigner-Weisskopf pole approximation with Markovian spectral coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikerman, F.; Peer, A.; Horwitz, L. P.

    2011-07-01

    We establish the relation between the Wigner-Weisskopf theory for the description of an unstable system and the theory of coupling to an environment. According to the Wigner-Weisskopf general approach, even within the pole approximation, the evolution of a total system subspace is not an exact semigroup for multichannel decay unless the projectors into eigenstates of the reduced evolution generator W(z) are orthogonal. With multichannel decay, the projectors must be evaluated at different pole locations zα≠zβ, and since the orthogonality relation does not generally hold at different values of z, the semigroup evolution is a poor approximation for the multichannel decay, even for very weak coupling. Nevertheless, if the theory is generalized to take into account interactions with an environment, one can ensure orthogonality of the W(z) projectors regardless of the number of poles. Such a possibility occurs when W(z), and hence its eigenvectors, is independent of z, which corresponds to the Markovian limit of the coupling to the continuum spectrum.

  7. Semigroup evolution in the Wigner-Weisskopf pole approximation with Markovian spectral coupling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We establish the relation between the Wigner-Weisskopf theory for the description of an unstable system and the theory of coupling to an environment. According to the Wigner-Weisskopf general approach, even within the pole approximation, the evolution of a total system subspace is not an exact semigroup for multichannel decay unless the projectors into eigenstates of the reduced evolution generator W(z) are orthogonal. With multichannel decay, the projectors must be evaluated at different pole locations zα≠zβ, and since the orthogonality relation does not generally hold at different values of z, the semigroup evolution is a poor approximation for the multichannel decay, even for very weak coupling. Nevertheless, if the theory is generalized to take into account interactions with an environment, one can ensure orthogonality of the W(z) projectors regardless of the number of poles. Such a possibility occurs when W(z), and hence its eigenvectors, is independent of z, which corresponds to the Markovian limit of the coupling to the continuum spectrum.

  8. Propagator poles and an emergent stable state below threshold: general discussion and the E(38) state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Employing a simple quantum field-theoretical model which describes the decay of a scalar state into two (pseudo)scalar ones, we investigate the poles of the scalar propagator. Besides the expected resonance pole in the lower half-plane of the second Riemann sheet, we find - for a sufficiently large coupling constant - an additional pole on the first sheet below threshold, corresponding to a dynamically generated stable state. We then perform a numerical study for a hadronic system involving a scalar seed state that couples to pions. It is clarified under which conditions a stable state below the two-pion threshold can emerge. In particular, in reference to the recent claim of a novel scalar boson with mass 38 MeV (termed E(38)), we explore the case of a stable state with such a mass. Our findings suggest that the resonance f0(500) and the stable state E(38) could be interpreted as two different manifestations of one and the same 'object'.

  9. A genetic algorithm for optimizing multi-pole Debye models of tissue dielectric properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Models of tissue dielectric properties (permittivity and conductivity) enable the interactions of tissues and electromagnetic fields to be simulated, which has many useful applications in microwave imaging, radio propagation, and non-ionizing radiation dosimetry. Parametric formulae are available, based on a multi-pole model of tissue dispersions, but although they give the dielectric properties over a wide frequency range, they do not convert easily to the time domain. An alternative is the multi-pole Debye model which works well in both time and frequency domains. Genetic algorithms are an evolutionary approach to optimization, and we found that this technique was effective at finding the best values of the multi-Debye parameters. Our genetic algorithm optimized these parameters to fit to either a Cole–Cole model or to measured data, and worked well over wide or narrow frequency ranges. Over 10 Hz–10 GHz the best fits for muscle, fat or bone were each found for ten dispersions or poles in the multi-Debye model. The genetic algorithm is a fast and effective method of developing tissue models that compares favourably with alternatives such as the rational polynomial fit. (paper)

  10. Optimization Design and Performance Analysis of a PM Brushless Rotor Claw Pole Motor with FEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenyang Zhang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A new type of permanent magnet (PM brushless claw pole motor (CPM with soft magnetic composite (SMC core is designed and analyzed in this paper. The PMs are mounted on the claw pole surface, and the three-phase stator windings are fed by variable-frequency three-phase AC currents. The advantages of the proposed CPM are that the slip rings on the rotor are cast off and it can achieve the efficiency improvement and higher power density. The effects of the claw-pole structure parameters, the air-gap length, and the PM thinner parameter of the proposed CPM on the output torque are investigated by using three-dimensional time-stepping finite element method (3D TS-FEM. The optimal rotor structure of the proposed CPM is obtained by using the response surface methodology (RSM and the particle swarm optimization (PSO method and the comparison of full-load performances of the proposed CPM with different material cores (SMC and silicon steel is analyzed.

  11. Transcapho perilunate dislocation with palmar extrusion of the scaphoid proximal pole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcuzzi, Augusto; Leigheb, Massimiliano

    2016-01-01

    Perilunate fracture-dislocations usually combine ligament ruptures, bone avulsions, and fractures in different patterns. Rarely a displaced fracture of the scaphoid can coexist with a scapho-lunate dissociation and can result in enucleation of the proximal pole. We report about a case of trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation with palmar extrusion/enucleation of the scaphoid proximal pole, treated with scaphoid fracture open reduction and internal fixation with screw, scapho-lunate ligament repair with an anchor and vascularization of the scaphoid proximal pole with the 2nd intermetacarpal artery. At 52 months follow up we had good clinical and radiographic results. In conclusion, scientific literature including our experience about this rare complex lesion of the wrist is too weak to support an effective strategy of management but we think that the careful analysis of the single problems can be the key to solve the complexity. Goal of the treatment should be complete revascularization and healing of the scaphoid, avoiding non union and avascular necrosis; simultaneously a proper ligament reconstruction is fundamental to re-establish carpal stability. Prevention of carpal collapse for a SNAC o SLAC situation is essential to reach a good level of Quality of Life and satisfaction of the patient. PMID:27104332

  12. Design criteria for warm temperature dielectric superconducting dc cables: Impact of co-pole magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, P. M.; Hassenzahl, W. V.; Gregory, B.; Eckroad, S. W.

    2008-02-01

    HTSC dc superconducting cables are under consideration for a variety of applications ranging from bi-directional interties between regional ac grids ("back-to-backs"), internal connection within, and out-feeds from, low voltage solar or wind farm generators, and up to multi-gigawatt transmission trunks linking remote nuclear clusters to urban load centers. In every instance, there are two principal design choices - coaxial, or "cold temperature dielectric; and mono-axial, also termed "warm temperature dielectric." In the former, both poles may be serviced by concentric conductors in the same physical package, separated by insulation held at the temperature necessary for superconducting operation, and in the latter, the poles are contained in two separate cables of more or less conventional design, each holding a cryostat enclosing the superconductor surrounded by a dielectric material at ambient temperature. Both have "pluses and minuses." CTD has the advantage of compactness, but requires a cryogenic dielectric, whereas WTD is simpler to manufacture and less costly overall as well. However, depending on the dimensional separation of the two poles and their containment infrastructure, WTD can experience considerable outward compressive physical forces and some reduction in critical state properties due to interpenetration of their respective magnetic fields. Recent progress in introducing homogeneous pinning in YBCO coated conductors could considerably ameliorate this latter issue, and thus the WTD design could engage a range of applications formerly out of reach of BSCCO tapes. We will examine these two issues in detail.

  13. Design criteria for warm temperature dielectric superconducting dc cables: Impact of co-pole magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HTSC dc superconducting cables are under consideration for a variety of applications ranging from bi-directional interties between regional ac grids ('back-to-backs'), internal connection within, and out-feeds from, low voltage solar or wind farm generators, and up to multi-gigawatt transmission trunks linking remote nuclear clusters to urban load centers. In every instance, there are two principal design choices - coaxial, or 'cold temperature dielectric' and mono-axial, also termed 'warm temperature dielectric'. In the former, both poles may be serviced by concentric conductors in the same physical package, separated by insulation held at the temperature necessary for superconducting operation, and in the latter, the poles are contained in two separate cables of more or less conventional design, each holding a cryostat enclosing the superconductor surrounded by a dielectric material at ambient temperature. Both have 'pluses and minuses'. CTD has the advantage of compactness, but requires a cryogenic dielectric, whereas WTD is simpler to manufacture and less costly overall as well. However, depending on the dimensional separation of the two poles and their containment infrastructure, WTD can experience considerable outward compressive physical forces and some reduction in critical state properties due to interpenetration of their respective magnetic fields. Recent progress in introducing homogeneous pinning in YBCO coated conductors could considerably ameliorate this latter issue, and thus the WTD design could engage a range of applications formerly out of reach of BSCCO tapes. We will examine these two issues in detail

  14. Influence of annealing on the photodeposition of silver on periodically poled lithium niobate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carville, N. Craig; Neumayer, Sabine M.; Manzo, Michele; Baghban, Mohammad-Amin; Ivanov, Ilia N.; Gallo, Katia; Rodriguez, Brian J.

    2016-02-01

    The preferential deposition of metal nanoparticles onto periodically poled lithium niobate surfaces, whereby photogenerated electrons accumulate in accordance with local electric fields and reduce metal ions from solution, is known to depend on the intensity and wavelength of the illumination and the concentration of the solution used. Here, it is shown that for identical deposition conditions (wavelength, intensity, concentration), post-poling annealing for 10 h at 200 °C modifies the surface reactivity through the reorientation of internal defect fields. Whereas silver nanoparticles deposit preferentially on the +z domains on unannealed crystals, the deposition occurs preferentially along 180° domain walls for annealed crystals. In neither case is the deposition selective; limited deposition occurs also on the unannealed -z domain surface and on both annealed domain surfaces. The observed behavior is attributed to a relaxation of the poling-induced defect frustration mediated by Li+ ion mobility during annealing, which affects the accumulation of electrons, thereby changing the surface reactivity. The evolution of the defect field with temperature is corroborated using Raman spectroscopy.

  15. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, MDTA High Mast lighting, High Mast Lighting along I 95, Maryland Transportation Authority High Mast Lighting poles, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Maryland Transportation Authority.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2011. It...

  16. Pole-placement self-tuning control of nonlinear Hammerstein system and its application to pH process control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiyun Zou; Dandan Zhao; Xinghong Liu; Yuqing Guo; Chen Guan; Wenqiang Feng; Ning Guo

    2015-01-01

    By taking advantage of the separation characteristics of nonlinear gain and dynamic sector inside a Hammerstein model, a novel pole placement self tuning control scheme for nonlinear Hammerstein system was put forward based on the linear system pole placement self tuning control algorithm. And the nonlinear Hammerstein system pole placement self tuning control (NL-PP-STC) algorithm was presented in detail. The identification ability of its parameter estimation algorithm of NL-PP-STC was analyzed, which was always identifiable in closed loop. Two particular problems including the selection of poles and the on-line estimation of model parameters, which may be met in applications of NL-PP-STC to real process control, were discussed. The control simulation of a strong nonlinear pH neutralization process was carried out and good control performance was achieved.

  17. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, Underground Electric Lines, Published in unknown, North Georgia College and State University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of unknown. It is described as 'Underground...

  18. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, buriedpowerlineapprox, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Carbon County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is...

  19. On the pole content of coupled channels chiral approaches used for the $\\bar{K}N$ system

    CERN Document Server

    Cieplý, A; Meißner, Ulf-G; Smejkal, J

    2016-01-01

    Several theoretical groups describe the antikaon-nucleon interaction at low energies within approaches based on the chiral SU(3) dynamics and including next-to-leading order contributions. We present a comparative analysis of the pertinent models and discuss in detail their pole contents. It is demonstrated that the approaches lead to very different predictions for the $K^{-}p$ amplitude extrapolated to subthreshold energies as well as for the $K^{-}n$ amplitude. The origin of the poles generated by the models is traced to the so-called zero coupling limit, in which the inter-channel couplings are switched off. This provides new insights into the pole contents of the various approaches. In particular, different concepts of forming the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance are revealed and constraints related to the appearance of such poles in a given approach are discussed.

  20. Frequency doubling with periodically poled KTiOPO4 at the fundamental wave of cesium D2 transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaoling Song; Zhigang Li; Pengfei Zhang; Gang Li; Yuchi Zhang; Junmin Wang; Tiancai Zhang

    2007-01-01

    @@ We report the continuous wave (CW) second harmonic generation (SHG) with a periodically poled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) pumped by a diode laser at 852.356 nm, which is exactly resonant on the cesium D2 transition.

  1. Design of an adaptive pole assignment controller for the water level of steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this thesis an adaptive observer is designed and a pole assignment technique is applied in order to accomplish a satisfactory automatic control of steam generators from zero to full power. The change of the water level of a steam generator is caused by three effects; mass capacity, swelling and shrinking, and mechanical oscillations. The knowledge of the water level contributions caused by these effects will be helpful in controlling the water level. The state observer is designed in order to use state feedback. The obvious result of introducing state feedback is to change the undesired open-loop system into the desired overall closed-loop system. Since a nuclear steam generator is controllable and observable, it is possible to design a state observer. Also, since a steam generator is subject to parameter variation according to the change of operating conditions, an adaptive observer must be used. The adaptive observer estimates the parameters and states of the steam generator simultaneously. A fourth-order linear model is presented and, on the basis of this model, an adaptive observer is designed. Since an implicit-type adaptive observer is applied, a state reconstruction process and a parameter adaptation one are separated and system inputs and outputs are unnecessary to be bounded for the stability. The time-varying problem of the steam generator is resolved by estimating at every time step the parameters which change according to the operating conditions. A pole assignment controller is derived on the basis of the adaptive observer. The characteristics of the overall closed-loop control system can be expressed in terms of its assigned poles. The troublesome tuning procedure of the conventional P-I controller is reduced to the determination of the desired poles only. The proposed algorithm is compared with the P-I controller through numerical simulations. Also, the adaptive pole assignment controller is studied experimentally by implementing it to the mock

  2. Large scale micro-structured optical second harmonic generation response imprinted on glass surface by thermal poling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, G.; Dussauze, M.; Rodriguez, V.; Adamietz, F.; Marquestaut, N.; Deepak, K. L. N.; Grojo, D.; Uteza, O.; Delaporte, P.; Cardinal, T.; Fargin, E.

    2015-07-01

    Micro-structured second harmonic generation responses have been achieved on borophosphate niobium glasses by thermal poling using micro-patterned silicon substrates. The poling imprinting process has created sub-micrometer sized patterns of both surface relief and second order optical responses on the anode glass surface. Field enhancement effects within the micro structured electrode are believed to govern the charge density on the glass surface during the process and thus amplitudes of both implemented electric field and Maxwell stresses.

  3. Satisfaction across urban consumers of smallholder-produced teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) poles in South Benin

    OpenAIRE

    Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Adégbidi, Anselme; Ganglo, Jean C; Agbo, Valentin; Yêvidé, Armand S. I.; De Carnière, Charles; Lebailly, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    The study used the expectancy-disconfirmation framework to investigate the satisfaction among urban consumers of teak pole in South Benin, so as to identify the areas where interventions are needed to secure market opportunity for smallholder forestry. A survey was conducted in five cities; and 223 household-heads were interviewed using systematic sampling, with a random start. Data were collected on socio-demographic characteristics, teak pole consumption forms, behaviour patterns, and motiv...

  4. An Electro-Optic Modulator Based on GeO2-Doped Silica Ridge Waveguides with Thermal Poling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹霞; 何赛灵

    2003-01-01

    A Mach-Zehnder electro-optic modulator is designed and fabricated based on upper-clad GeO2-doped silica ridge waveguides with thermal poling. The electro-optic coefficient obtained is about 0.05 pm/V and is polarizationinsensitive. An extinction ratio of over 17dB is achieved. The transmission loss of the modulator for the TE mode is 2-3 dB higher than that for the TM mode after the poling.

  5. Study of field-pole Bi2223 windings of air core type for a HTS propulsion motor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present study, we designed a field pole of Bi2223 superconductor winding without iron core applied to high-temperature superconducting (HTS) motor of an axial gap type. As the preliminary step to form a field pole winding, we designed a double-pancake-coil (DPC) and qualified relationship between the terminal voltage and the excitation current. We adopted the structure of HTS winding field pole composed of stacked two layered DPC because of effective conduction cooling and electromagnetic effect. We manufactured 16 poles DPC and verified the critical current vs. terminal voltage at 77 K with liquid nitrogen. To form a rotor, 8 field-pole HTS windings were manufactured by integrating of two DPCs as a split coil. We measured the coil Ic and voltage drop of the terminal at 30 K cooled with gas-liquid mixing helium and qualified the heat generation from the coils with DC current excitation. The cooling and excitation test of the constructed field pole coils were performed in the testing motor. The results exhibit that presently developed coils possesses sufficient performance on the heat generation and the magnetic flux density in the axial-type machine under construction

  6. Large irreversible non-180° domain switching after poling treatment in Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehara, Yoshitaka; Yasui, Shintaro; Oikawa, Takahiro; Shiraishi, Takahisa; Oshima, Naoya; Yamada, Tomoaki; Imai, Yasuhiko; Sakata, Osami; Funakubo, Hiroshi

    2016-05-01

    (11 1 ¯ )/(111)-oriented rhombohedral Pb(Zr0.65Ti0.35)O3 films with different domain fractions were epitaxially grown on various single crystals. The volume fraction of (111)-polar-axis oriented domains in as-deposited films, Vpol.(as-depo.), was controlled by selecting a single crystal substrate with a different thermal expansion coefficient. Applying an electric field, referred to as "poling treatment", resulted in irreversible non-180° domain switching from the (11 1 ¯ )-oriented domain (non-polar-axis) to the (111)-oriented domain (polar-axis), which was observed by synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Remanent polarization (Pr) values were higher than those estimated using the proportional relationship with Vpol.(as-depo.). However, the experimental Pr values were in good agreement with the values estimated using the volume fraction of (111)-oriented domains after applying the poling treatment. In rhombohedral Pb(Zr0.65Ti0.35)O3 films, 30%-50% of the (11 1 ¯ )-oriented domains switched irreversibly to (111)-oriented domains as a result of the poling treatment. The present results show that the domain structures of films may change dramatically after the poling process, and both before and after the poling state should be characterized in order to interpret polarization and piezoelectric behaviors. This study helps to clarify the ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 films after poling treatment.

  7. Enhanced dielectric properties of electrically poled poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and polycarbonate (PC) multilayer films via interfacial polarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Jung-Kai; Mackey, Matthew; Zhou, Zheng; Carr, Joel; Schuele, Donald E.; Baer, Eric; Zhu, Lei

    2014-03-01

    Electrically poled poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and polycarbonate (PC) multilayer films can be considered as a polymer electret, which stores quasi-permanent charges (i.e., ions) at PVDF/PC interfaces. In this study, the corresponding dielectric properties of electrically poled PVDF/PC multilayer films are investigated experimentally. First, the bipolar hysteresis loop becomes narrower for the poled PVDF/PC multilayer films upon increasing the poling time, because the impurity ions in PVDF are locked at the PVDF/PC interfaces. Second, asymmetric DC conductivity in poled PVDF/PC multilayer films is observed because of the pre-existing electric field in the electret layers. When the pre-existing field is in the same direction of the applied external field, enhanced DC conductivity is observed in the leakage current measurement. In contrast, if the pre-existing field is opposite to the applied external field, decreased DC conductivity is seen. More experimental evidence of polarized charge at the PVDF/PC interfaces in poled PVDF/PC multilayer films is also manifested by thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) experiments.

  8. Prevalence of pain on palpation of the inferior pole of the patella among patients with complaints of knee pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Addêo Ramos

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Patellar tendinopathy is a common condition in sports. It may occur at any location of the patellar tendon, but the most commonly affected area is the inferior pole of the patella. Among various diagnostic tests, the one most used is palpation of the inferior pole of the patella. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of pain complaints among individuals with pathological knee conditions and to evaluate palpation of the inferior pole of the patella as a diagnostic test for patellar tendinopathy. METHODS: Palpation of the patellar tendon was performed on 318 individuals who presented with knee-related complaints. Palpation was performed with the individual in the supine position and the knee extended. The age, gender, physical activity and labor activity of each individual were recorded at the time the symptoms appeared; the diagnosis was also recorded. RESULTS: Of the total number of individuals evaluated, 124 (39% felt pain on palpation of the inferior pole of the patella. Of these, only 40 (32.3% received a diagnosis of patellar tendinopathy. We did not observe any difference with respect to gender and age distribution. When evaluating daily physical activity levels, however, we observed that individuals with pain on palpation of the inferior pole of the patella experienced more intense physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Palpation of the inferior pole of the patella is a diagnostic procedure with high sensitivity and moderate specificity for diagnosing patellar tendinopathy, especially among individuals who perform activities with high functional demands.

  9. Poles of Karlsruhe-Helsinki KH80 and KA84 solutions extracted by using the Laurent-Pietarinen method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Švarc, Alfred; Hadžimehmedović, Mirza; Omerović, Rifat; Osmanović, Hedim; Stahov, Jugoslav

    2014-04-01

    Poles of partial wave scattering matrices in hadron spectroscopy have recently been established as a sole link between experiment and QCD theories and models. Karlsruhe-Helsinki (KH) partial wave analyses have been "above the line" in the Review of Particle Physics (RPP) for over three decades. The RPP compiles Breit-Wigner (BW) parameters from local BW fits, but give only a limited number of pole positions using speed plots (SP). In the KH method only Mandelstam analyticity is used as a theoretical constraint, so these partial wave solutions are as model independent as possible. They are a valuable source of information. It is unsatisfactory that BW parameters given in the RPP have been obtained from the KH80 solution, while pole parameters have been obtained from the KA84 version. To remedy this, we have used a newly developed Laurent + Pietarinen expansion method to obtain pole positions for all partial waves for KH80 and KA84 solutions. We show that differences from pole parameters are, with a few exceptions, negligible for most partial waves. We give a full set of pole parameters for both solutions.

  10. Phase transformation of poled "chem-prep" PZT 95/5-2Nb ceramic under quasi-static loading conditions.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Moo Yul; Montgomery, Stephen Tedford; Hofer, John H.

    2004-10-01

    Specimens of poled 'chem-prep' PNZT ceramic from batch HF803 were tested under hydrostatic, uniaxial, and constant stress difference loading conditions at three temperatures of -55, 25, and 75 C and pressures up to 500 MPa. The objective of this experimental study was to obtain the electro-mechanical properties of the ceramic and the criteria of FE (Ferroelectric) to AFE (Antiferroelectric) phase transformations so that grain-scale modeling efforts can develop and test models and codes using realistic parameters. The poled ceramic undergoes anisotropic deformation during the transition from a FE to an AFE structure. The lateral strain measured parallel to the poling direction was typically 35 % greater than the strain measured perpendicular to the poling direction. The rates of increase in the phase transformation pressures per temperature changes were practically identical for both unpoled and poled PNZT HF803 specimens. We observed that the retarding effect of temperature on the kinetics of phase transformation appears to be analogous to the effect of shear stress. We also observed that the FE-to-AFE phase transformation occurs in poled ceramic when the normal compressive stress, acting perpendicular to a crystallographic plane about the polar axis, equals the hydrostatic pressure at which the transformation otherwise takes place.

  11. Paleomagnetic Euler Poles and the Apparent Polar Wander and Absolute Motion of North America Since the Carboniferous

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Richard G.; Cox, Allan; O'Hare, Scott

    1984-10-01

    The apparent polar wander path for a plate is determined from paleomagnetic data by plotting a time sequence of paleomagnetic poles, each representing the location of the earth's spin axis as seen from the plate. Apparent polar wander paths consist of long, gently curved segments termed tracks linked by short segments with sharp curvature termed cusps. The tracks correspond to time intervals when the direction of plate motion was constant, and the cusps correspond to time intervals when the direction of plate motion was changing. Apparent polar wander tracks, like hot spot tracks, tend to lie along small circles. The center of a circle is called a hot spot Euler pole in the case of hot spot tracks and a paleomagnetic Euler pole in the case of paleomagnetic apparent polar wander paths. Both types of tracks mark the motion of a plate with respect to a point, a rising mantle plume in the case of hot spot tracks and the earth's paleomagnetic axis in the case of apparent polar wander paths. Unlike approaches uced in previous studies, paleomagnetic Euler pole analysis yields all three components of motion—including the east-west motion—of a plate with respect to the paleomagnetic axis. A new method for analyzing paleomagnetic poles along a track by using a maximum likelihood criterion gives the best fit paleomagnetic Euler pole and an ellipsoid of 95% confidence about the paleomagnetic Euler pole. In analyzing synthetic and real data, we found that the ellipsoids are elongate, the long axes being aligned with a great circle drawn from the paleomagnetic Euler pole to the center of the apparent polar wander track. This elongation is caused by the azimuths of circular tracks being better defined than their radii of curvature. A Jurassic-Cretaceous paleomagnetic Euler pole for North America was determined from 13 paleomagnetic poles. This track begins with the Wingate and Kayenta formations (about 200 Ma) and ends with the Niobrara Formation (about 87 Ma). Morgan's hot

  12. Design validation of the 4S high temperature electromagnetic pump by one pole segment test equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The small fast reactor 4S (Super Safe Small and Simple) adopts high temperature sodium immersed electromagnetic pump (EMP) as a primary pump. The reason is that EMP is able to satisfy the low maintenance, safety and reliability requirements for 4S, because it has simple structure and no moving parts. Technical challenges of 4S EMP are the following three items.The first is to confirm manufacturability of 4S EMP. 4S EMP has the world greatest dimension coil and stator and flattened shape with the aspect ratio (outer diameter / stator length) of 1.8. The 4S prototype EMP as same as practical dimension and the one pole segment test equipment were manufactured in JFY 2008. The second is to construct the back up power supply system for flow coast down. It will be confirmed by combination test of 4S prototype EMP and the system in JFY 2010. The third is to confirm low maintenance for 30 years. A part of long-term soundness test of coil is tested by heat cycle test with one pole test equipment discussed in the next section. Furthermore, as the future development subject, the seismic assessment and the long-term soundness test of the EMP body by the sodium fluid test has been planned. The one pole segment test equipment is used for evaluation of following items. The first is the integrity of the electrical insulation of large diameter coil. Insulation breakdown will be estimated due to thermal expansion in coil during operation, thus, the heat cycle is loaded to the equipment simulating start-and-stop of 4S. Insulation resistance, leak current and tan δ will also be measured in several steps of coil temperature. The second is validation whether stator support system of the EMP would work as designed. In practical 4S EMP, all of Joule heat by energization of the coil during operation is transferred into sodium through core and duct. To keep the heat transfer system, in the outer stator, the core is pressed upon the duct by spring plates. Therefore, it is important to

  13. Pole Photogrammetry with AN Action Camera for Fast and Accurate Surface Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, J. A.; Moutinho, O. F.; Rodrigues, A. C.

    2016-06-01

    High resolution and high accuracy terrain mapping can provide height change detection for studies of erosion, subsidence or land slip. A UAV flying at a low altitude above the ground, with a compact camera, acquires images with resolution appropriate for these change detections. However, there may be situations where different approaches may be needed, either because higher resolution is required or the operation of a drone is not possible. Pole photogrammetry, where a camera is mounted on a pole, pointing to the ground, is an alternative. This paper describes a very simple system of this kind, created for topographic change detection, based on an action camera. These cameras have high quality and very flexible image capture. Although radial distortion is normally high, it can be treated in an auto-calibration process. The system is composed by a light aluminium pole, 4 meters long, with a 12 megapixel GoPro camera. Average ground sampling distance at the image centre is 2.3 mm. The user moves along a path, taking successive photos, with a time lapse of 0.5 or 1 second, and adjusting the speed in order to have an appropriate overlap, with enough redundancy for 3D coordinate extraction. Marked ground control points are surveyed with GNSS for precise georeferencing of the DSM and orthoimage that are created by structure from motion processing software. An average vertical accuracy of 1 cm could be achieved, which is enough for many applications, for example for soil erosion. The GNSS survey in RTK mode with permanent stations is now very fast (5 seconds per point), which results, together with the image collection, in a very fast field work. If an improved accuracy is needed, since image resolution is 1/4 cm, it can be achieved using a total station for the control point survey, although the field work time increases.

  14. Topography of the Lunar Poles and Application to Geodesy with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazarico, Erwan; Neumann, Gregory A.; Rowlands, David D.; Smith, David E.; Zuber, Maria T.

    2012-01-01

    The Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) [1] onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) [2] has been operating continuously since July 2009 [3], accumulating approx.5.4 billion measurements from 2 billion on-orbit laser shots. LRO s near-polar orbit results in very high data density in the immediate vicinity of the lunar poles, which are each sampled every 2h. With more than 10,000 orbits, high-resolution maps can be constructed [4] and studied [5]. However, this requires careful processing of the raw data, as subtle errors in the spacecraft position and pointing can lead to visible artifacts in the final map. In other locations on the Moon, ground tracks are subparallel and longitudinal separations are typically a few hundred meters. Near the poles, the track intersection angles can be large and the inter-track spacing is small (above 80 latitude, the effective resolution is better than 50m). Precision Orbit Determination (POD) of the LRO spacecraft [6] was performed to satisfy the LOLA and LRO mission requirements, which lead to a significant improvement in the orbit position knowledge over the short-release navigation products. However, with pixel resolutions of 10 to 25 meters, artifacts due to orbit reconstruction still exist. Here, we show how the complete LOLA dataset at both poles can be adjusted geometrically to produce a high-accuracy, high-resolution maps with minimal track artifacts. We also describe how those maps can then feedback to the POD work, by providing topographic base maps with which individual LOLA altimetric measurements can be contributing to orbit changes. These direct altimetry constraints improve accuracy and can be used more simply than the altimetric crossovers [6].

  15. Jupiter spin-pole precession rate and moment of inertia from Juno radio-science observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Maistre, S.; Folkner, W. M.; Jacobson, R. A.; Serra, D.

    2016-07-01

    Through detailed and realistic numerical simulations, the present paper assesses the precision with which the Juno spacecraft can measure the normalized polar moment of inertia (MOI) of Jupiter. Based on Ka-band Earth-based Doppler data, created with realistic 10 μm/s of white noise at 60 s of integration, this analysis shows that the determination of the precession rate of Jupiter is by far more efficient than the Lense-Thirring effect previously proposed to determine the moment of inertia and therefore to constrain the internal structure of the giant planet with Juno. We show that the Juno mission will allow the estimation of the precession rate of Jupiter's pole with an accuracy better than 0.1%. We provide an equation relating the pole precession rate and the normalized polar moment of inertia of Jupiter. Accounting for the uncertainty in the parameters affecting precession, we show that the accuracy of the MOI inferred from the precession rate is also better than 0.1%, and at least 50 times better than inferred from the Lense-Thirring acceleration undergone by Juno. This accuracy of the MOI determination should provide tight constraints on the interior structure of Jupiter, especially the core size and mass, helping to distinguish among competing scenarios of formation and evolution of the giant planet. In addition, though the Juno mission operations are already defined, the exact duration of the tracking and its occurrence with respect to the spacecraft pericenter pass are not definitely scheduled. The simulations performed here quantify the impact of this aspect of the mission on the Juno sensitivity to (in particular) the spin-pole precession rate of Jupiter. Finally, additional simulations have been performed to test the usefulness of combining Doppler data with VLBI data, showing the latter measurements to be 104-105 times less sensitive than the former to our parameters of interest and therefore, obviously, totally needless.

  16. Continuous-Wave Optical Parametric Oscillator in Periodically-Poled KTP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Optical parametric oscillators (OPO) provides tunable coherent radiation in a compact and efficient all-solid-state device. The recent progress in periodic poling of ferroelectric crystals enable new possibilities for realization of quasi-phase-matched OPOs. In this work we demonstrate continuous-wave OPO in periodically poled KTP (PP-KTP). Owing to its high effective nonlinear coefficient (∼ 9.5 pm/V), high photo refractive damage, low susceptibility to thermal lensing, the ability to operate near room temperature, as well as wide commercial availability of the KTP substrate, PPKTP is very attractive material for visible-pumped optical parametric oscillator. The poled crystal, which was polished and anti-reflection coated near the 532 nm (pump wavelength) and 1064 nm (OPO degeneracy wavelength), was placed inside a ring cavity. The device was pumped by a frequency-doubled CW Nd:YAG laser and parametric oscillations were observed above the threshold power of 55 mW. Up to 57So depletion of the pump was observed at a pump power of 78 mW. Wavelength tuning of the signal and the idler wavelengths was achieved by changing the PPKTP temperature or by changing the cavity length using a PZT in each temperature. The total tuning range was 1037nm - 1093 nm and was limited by the mirror coating. Tire total output power as 6.5 mW. By locking the OPO cavity length using an electronic servo and a PZT actuated mirror mount, we have obtained continuous output power from the device

  17. A Study of Parallels Between Antarctica South Pole Traverse Equipment and Lunar/Mars Surface Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Robert P.; Hoffman, Stephen, J.; Thur, Paul

    2010-01-01

    The parallels between an actual Antarctica South Pole re-supply traverse conducted by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Polar Programs in 2009 have been studied with respect to the latest mission architecture concepts being generated by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for lunar and Mars surface systems scenarios. The challenges faced by both endeavors are similar since they must both deliver equipment and supplies to support operations in an extreme environment with little margin for error in order to be successful. By carefully and closely monitoring the manifesting and operational support equipment lists which will enable this South Pole traverse, functional areas have been identified. The equipment required to support these functions will be listed with relevant properties such as mass, volume, spare parts and maintenance schedules. This equipment will be compared to space systems currently in use and projected to be required to support equivalent and parallel functions in Lunar and Mars missions in order to provide a level of realistic benchmarking. Space operations have historically required significant amounts of support equipment and tools to operate and maintain the space systems that are the primary focus of the mission. By gaining insight and expertise in Antarctic South Pole traverses, space missions can use the experience gained over the last half century of Antarctic operations in order to design for operations, maintenance, dual use, robustness and safety which will result in a more cost effective, user friendly, and lower risk surface system on the Moon and Mars. It is anticipated that the U.S Antarctic Program (USAP) will also realize benefits for this interaction with NASA in at least two areas: an understanding of how NASA plans and carries out its missions and possible improved efficiency through factors such as weight savings, alternative technologies, or modifications in training and

  18. Oscillations of poles under action of gravitational-tidal perturbations for model of the deformable Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkin, Mihail; Markov, Yuri

    2010-05-01

    Precision data of experimental observations over trajectories of motion of poles of vector of angular velocity of the Earth rotation testify about rather complex dynamic processes occuring in the Earth-Moon-Sun system. Development of the adequate mathematical model, allowing to describe real trajectories of an instant axis of rotation in the system of coordinates connected with the Earth, it is obviously important in astrometric and geophysical aspects. For the description of rotary motion of the deformable Earth and oscillatory motion of its poles the mechanical model of a viscoelastic rigid body based on strict theorems of theoretical mechanics and methods of perturbations - singular developments and averaging has been used. It was supposed, that process of deformation occurs quazistatically. For research of the established motions the problem of dynamics and the analysis of an opportunity of rapproachement of an axis of the greatest moment of inertia of the Earth with a vector of the kinetic momentum have essential value. In the scientific plan it is rather interesting to reveal the mechanisms of the external influence interfering such rapproachement and leading to established oscillations on intervals of time of the order of the period of precession. In the work by means of asymptotic methods of nonlinear mechanics and mathematical modelling of the equations of motion in variables angle-action by authors the qualitative analysis and quantitative estimations of the false dynamic process describing a relative positioning of an instant axis of rotation of the Earth, an axis of a figure and its vector of the kinetic momentum are given. Opportunities of identification and of approximate analytical model to real trajectories measurements of oscillatory motion of a pole are studied.

  19. Electric poling-assisted additive manufacturing process for PVDF polymer-based piezoelectric device applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, ChaBum; Tarbutton, Joshua A.

    2014-09-01

    This paper presents a new additive manufacturing (AM) process to directly and continuously print piezoelectric devices from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) polymeric filament rods under a strong electric field. This process, called ‘electric poling-assisted additive manufacturing or EPAM, combines AM and electric poling processes and is able to fabricate free-form shape piezoelectric devices continuously. In this process, the PVDF polymer dipoles remain well-aligned and uniform over a large area in a single design, production and fabrication step. During EPAM process, molten PVDF polymer is simultaneously mechanically stresses in-situ by the leading nozzle and electrically poled by applying high electric field under high temperature. The EPAM system was constructed to directly print piezoelectric structures from PVDF polymeric filament while applying high electric field between nozzle tip and printing bed in AM machine. Piezoelectric devices were successfully fabricated using the EPAM process. The crystalline phase transitions that occurred from the process were identified by using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscope. The results indicate that devices printed under a strong electric field become piezoelectric during the EPAM process and that stronger electric fields result in greater piezoelectricity as marked by the electrical response and the formation of sharper peaks at the polar β crystalline wavenumber of the PVDF polymer. Performing this process in the absence of an electric field does not result in dipole alignment of PVDF polymer. The EPAM process is expected to lead to the widespread use of AM to fabricate a variety of piezoelectric PVDF polymer-based devices for sensing, actuation and energy harvesting applications with simple, low cost, single processing and fabrication step.

  20. POLE PHOTOGRAMMETRY WITH AN ACTION CAMERA FOR FAST AND ACCURATE SURFACE MAPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Gonçalves

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available High resolution and high accuracy terrain mapping can provide height change detection for studies of erosion, subsidence or land slip. A UAV flying at a low altitude above the ground, with a compact camera, acquires images with resolution appropriate for these change detections. However, there may be situations where different approaches may be needed, either because higher resolution is required or the operation of a drone is not possible. Pole photogrammetry, where a camera is mounted on a pole, pointing to the ground, is an alternative. This paper describes a very simple system of this kind, created for topographic change detection, based on an action camera. These cameras have high quality and very flexible image capture. Although radial distortion is normally high, it can be treated in an auto-calibration process. The system is composed by a light aluminium pole, 4 meters long, with a 12 megapixel GoPro camera. Average ground sampling distance at the image centre is 2.3 mm. The user moves along a path, taking successive photos, with a time lapse of 0.5 or 1 second, and adjusting the speed in order to have an appropriate overlap, with enough redundancy for 3D coordinate extraction. Marked ground control points are surveyed with GNSS for precise georeferencing of the DSM and orthoimage that are created by structure from motion processing software. An average vertical accuracy of 1 cm could be achieved, which is enough for many applications, for example for soil erosion. The GNSS survey in RTK mode with permanent stations is now very fast (5 seconds per point, which results, together with the image collection, in a very fast field work. If an improved accuracy is needed, since image resolution is 1/4 cm, it can be achieved using a total station for the control point survey, although the field work time increases.

  1. Electric poling-assisted additive manufacturing process for PVDF polymer-based piezoelectric device applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a new additive manufacturing (AM) process to directly and continuously print piezoelectric devices from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) polymeric filament rods under a strong electric field. This process, called ‘electric poling-assisted additive manufacturing or EPAM, combines AM and electric poling processes and is able to fabricate free-form shape piezoelectric devices continuously. In this process, the PVDF polymer dipoles remain well-aligned and uniform over a large area in a single design, production and fabrication step. During EPAM process, molten PVDF polymer is simultaneously mechanically stresses in-situ by the leading nozzle and electrically poled by applying high electric field under high temperature. The EPAM system was constructed to directly print piezoelectric structures from PVDF polymeric filament while applying high electric field between nozzle tip and printing bed in AM machine. Piezoelectric devices were successfully fabricated using the EPAM process. The crystalline phase transitions that occurred from the process were identified by using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscope. The results indicate that devices printed under a strong electric field become piezoelectric during the EPAM process and that stronger electric fields result in greater piezoelectricity as marked by the electrical response and the formation of sharper peaks at the polar β crystalline wavenumber of the PVDF polymer. Performing this process in the absence of an electric field does not result in dipole alignment of PVDF polymer. The EPAM process is expected to lead to the widespread use of AM to fabricate a variety of piezoelectric PVDF polymer-based devices for sensing, actuation and energy harvesting applications with simple, low cost, single processing and fabrication step. (paper)

  2. Characteristics of immersion freezing nuclei at the south pole station in Antarctica

    OpenAIRE

    Ardon-Dryer, K.; Levin, Z.; R. P. Lawson

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of aerosols as immersion freezing nuclei at the South Pole station was investigated during January and February 2009 using the FRIDGE-TAU. The analysis consisted of testing the freezing temperature of about 100–130 drops per sample containing aerosols collected at ground level and on a balloon lifted to different heights. All the drops froze between −18 °C and −27 °C. The temperature in which 50% of the drops froze occurred at −24 °C, while...

  3. Characteristics of immersion freezing nuclei at the South Pole station in Antarctica

    OpenAIRE

    Ardon-Dryer, K.; Levin, Z.; R. P. Lawson

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of aerosols as immersion freezing nuclei at the South Pole station was investigated during January and February 2009 using the FRIDGE-TAU. The analysis consisted of testing the freezing temperature of about 100–130 drops per sample containing aerosols collected at ground level and on a balloon lifted to different heights. All the drops froze between −18 °C and −27 °C. The temperature in which 50 % of the drops froze occurred at −24 °C, while nuc...

  4. Counterclockwise barber-pole sign on CT: SMA/SMV variance without midgut malrotation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a 10-year-old girl who presented with worsening pain and anorexia after blunt trauma to the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen was performed, and a counterclockwise rotation of the superior mesenteric vein around the superior mesenteric artery was seen. An upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series with small-bowel follow-through demonstrated a normally located duodenal-jejunal junction. This is the first case report of a counterclockwise barber-pole sign seen by CT with UGI that was negative for malrotation or volvulus. (orig.)

  5. Solar irradiance at the earth's surface: long-term behavior observed at the South Pole

    OpenAIRE

    J. E. Frederick; A. L. Hodge

    2011-01-01

    This research examines a 17-year database of UV-A (320–400 nm) and visible (400–600 nm) solar irradiance obtained by a scanning spectroradiometer located at the South Pole. The goal is to define the variability in solar irradiance reaching the polar surface, with emphasis on the influence of cloudiness and on identifying systematic trends and possible links to the solar cycle. To eliminate changes associated with the varying solar elevation, the analysis focuses on data averaged over 30–35 da...

  6. Spatial and spectral properties of second harmonic generation in a periodically poled KTP waveguide

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Machulka, R.; Svozilík, J.; Soubusta, Jan; Peřina ml., Jan; Haderka, O.

    Bellingham : SPIE, 2012 - (Peřina jr., J.; Nožka, L.; Hrabovský, M.; Senderáková, D.; Urbańczyk, W.) ISBN 978-0-8194-9481-8. ISSN 0277-786X. - (Proceedings of SPIE. 8697). [Czech-Polish-Slovak optical conference on wave and quantum aspects of contemporary optics /18./. Ostravice (CZ), 03.09.2012-07.09.2012] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100100713 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) OC09026 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100522 Keywords : waveguide * second harmonic generation * periodic poling Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers

  7. The Fabrication and SHG Test of QPM Periodically Poled KTiOPO_4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Quasi-phase-matching periodically poled flux-grown KTP by high electrical field method is researched. A 8×5×1mm3,∧=9.0μm PPKTP wafer is successfully fabricated for the first order QPM SHG. The interactive length of the sample is about 3mm. The SHG scheme of Nd: YAG at 1064nm tested that the output power of cw 532nm green light is 0.2mw at room temperature with fundamental power of 1.2w. The normalized conversion efficiency is about 0.09% (W·cm)-1.

  8. The Fabrication and SHG Test of QPM Periodically Poled KTiOPO4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei Sang; Jian Yu; Wenjun Ni; Ting Xue; Shichen Li

    2003-01-01

    The Quasi-phase-matching periodically poled flux-grown KTP by high electrical field method is researched. A 8×5×1mm3, Λ=9.0μm PPKTP wafer is successfully fabricated for the first order QPM SHG. The interactive length of the sample is about 3mm. The SHG scheme of Nd:YAG at 1064nm tested that the output power of cw 532nm green light is 0.2mw at room temperature with fundamental power of 1.2w. The normalized conversion efficiency is about 0.09% (W·cm)-1.

  9. Hydrothermal alteration at the Panorama Formation, North Pole Dome, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Adrian J; Walter, Malcolm R

    2014-01-01

    An airborne hyperspectral remote sensing dataset was obtained of the North Pole Dome region of the Pilbara Craton in October 2002. It has been analyzed for indications of hydrothermal minerals. Here we report on the identification and mapping of hydrothermal minerals in the 3.459 Ga Panorama Formation and surrounding strata. The spatial distribution of a pattern of subvertical pyrophyllite rich veins connected to a pyrophyllite rich palaeohorizontal layer is interpreted to represent the base of an acid-sulfate epithermal system that is unconformably overlain by the stromatolitic 3.42 Ga Strelley Pool Chert.

  10. Car park by the flag poles closed at Gate B end

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    In the framework of the work for the new tramline, the car park by the flag poles is being reorganised, partly with a view to improving safety for pedestrians and motorists. As a consequence, it will no longer be possible to enter and leave the car park at the Gate B end (except in the case of TPG buses, which will continue to use the same route as before). Motorists will therefore be able to enter or leave the car park at the Gate A end only, and those heading in the Saint-Genis-Pouilly direction will be able to use the new roundabout near Gate A.

  11. Technological and economical analysis of salient pole and permanent magnet synchronous machines designed for wind turbines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chinese export restrictions already reduced the planning reliability for investments in permanent magnet wind turbines. Today the production of permanent magnets consumes the largest proportion of rare earth elements, with 40% of the rare earth-based magnets used for generators and other electrical machines. The cost and availability of NdFeB magnets will likely determine the production rate of permanent magnet generators. The high volatility of rare earth metals makes it very difficult to quote a price. Prices may also vary from supplier to supplier to an extent of up to 50% for the same size, shape and quantity with a minor difference in quality. The paper presents the analysis and the comparison of salient pole with field winding and of peripheral winding synchronous electrical machines, presenting important advantages. A neodymium alloy magnet rotor structure has been considered and compared to the salient rotor case. The Salient Pole Synchronous Machine and the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine were designed so that the plate values remain constant. The Eddy current effect on the windings is taken into account during the design, and the efficiency, output power and the air-gap flux density obtained after the simulation were compared. The analysis results clearly indicate that Salient Pole Synchronous Machine designs would be attractive to wind power companies. Furthermore, the importance of the design of electrical machines and the determination of criteria are emphasized. This paper will be a helpful resource in terms of examination and comparison of the basic structure and magnetic features of the Salient Pole Synchronous Machine and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine. Furthermore, an economic analysis of the designed machines was conducted. - Highlights: ► Importance of the design of electrical machines and the determination of criteria are emphasized. ► Machines were investigated in terms of efficiency, weight and maintenance requirements. ► An

  12. Digital-computer program for design analysis of salient, wound pole alternators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repas, D. S.

    1973-01-01

    A digital computer program for analyzing the electromagnetic design of salient, wound pole alternators is presented. The program, which is written in FORTRAN 4, calculates the open-circuit saturation curve, the field-current requirements at rated voltage for various loads and losses, efficiency, reactances, time constants, and weights. The methods used to calculate some of these items are presented or appropriate references are cited. Instructions for using the program and typical program input and output for an alternator design are given, and an alphabetical list of most FORTRAN symbols and the complete program listing with flow charts are included.

  13. Dynamics of radionuclide accumulation at amphibians and reptiles in the Poles'e state radioecological reserve

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It was studied the peculiarity of the radionuclide intake to organism of amphibians and reptiles in the Poles'e radioecological reserve in 1997. The radioactive contamination level of investigated area was from 15 to 40 Ci/km2. It was measured 38 samples (26 for amphibians and 12 for reptiles) from points with background gamma-irradiation from 35 to 800 micro R/h. For the last eleven years of investigation it was revealed the total tendency to reduction of level of gamma-radioactive accumulation in 18,8-42,6 times for amphibians and in 2,8-52,5 times for reptiles

  14. Breather and double-pole solutions for the Benjamin-Ono equation in a stratified fluid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wen-Rong; Tian, Bo; Zhong, Hui; Liu, Rong-Xiang

    2016-04-01

    The Benjamin-Ono equation is hereby investigated, which arises in the context of long internal gravity waves in a stratified fluid. With the Hirota method and symbolic computation, breather solutions are derived. Propagation of the breather and elastic collisions between the breather and soliton are graphically analyzed. The collision period and the bunch number in a wave packet are relevant to the ratio of the real part to the imaginary of the wavenumber. Through the coalescence of wavenumbers in the two-soliton solutions, we obtain the double-pole solutions.

  15. HECTOSPEC AND HYDRA SPECTRA OF INFRARED LUMINOUS SOURCES IN THE AKARI NORTH ECLIPTIC POLE SURVEY FIELD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present spectra of 1796 sources selected in the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole Wide Survey field, obtained with MMT/Hectospec and WIYN/Hydra, for which we measure 1645 redshifts. We complemented the generic flux-limited spectroscopic surveys at 11 μm and 15 μm, with additional sources selected based on the MIR and optical colors. In MMT/Hectospec observations, the redshift identification rates are ∼80% for objects with R ☉ yr–1. We find that the extinction inferred from the difference between the IR and optical SFR increases as the IR luminosity increases but with a large scatter

  16. Chirality control by electric field in periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Lei; Tian, Linghao; Chen, Xianfeng

    2012-01-01

    We study the chirality of periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate (MgO:PPLN) by electro-optic (EO) effect. It shows that optical propagation is reciprocal in MgO:PPLN when quasi-phase-matching (QPM) condition is satisfied, which is similar to natural optical active material like quartz. The specific rotation of MgO:PPLN by EO effect is shown to be proportional to the transverse electric field, making large polarization rotation in optical active material with small size possible. We also...

  17. Nonlinear Speed Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Salient Poles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Kyslan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the speed control of permanent magnet synchronous motor with salient poles based on two-step linearization method. In the first step, the direct compensation of the nonlinearities in the equations of current is used. In the second step, the input-output linearization in the state space is used for the decoupling of flux and torque axis. Simulated results are compared to the field oriented vector control structure with PI controllers in order to show differences in the performance of both approaches.

  18. The forward-backward asymmetry for charm quarks at the Z pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buskulic, D.; Casper, D.; de Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Odier, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Ariztizabal, F.; Chmeissani, M.; Crespo, J. M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll.; Martinez, M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Palla, F.; Pascual, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Sanchez, F.; Teubert, F.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Girone, M.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Marinelli, N.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; X., Huang; J., Lin; Ouyang, Q.; T., Wang; Y., Xie; Xu, R.; Xue, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Bonvicini, G.; Cattaneo, M.; Comas, P.; Coyle, P.; Drevermann, H.; Engelhardt, A.; Forty, R. W.; Frank, M.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Janot, P.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Maggi, M.; Markou, C.; Martin, E. B.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Oest, T.; Palazzi, P.; Pater, J. R.; Pusztaszeri, J.-F.; Ranjard, F.; Rensing, P.; Rolandi, L.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Schneider, O.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I. R.; Venturi, A.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wildish, T.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Barres, A.; Boyer, C.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Monteil, S.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, J.; Rossignol, J.-M.; Saadi, F.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. B.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Nilsson, B. S.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Bourdon, P.; Passalacqua, L.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Valassi, A.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Focardi, E.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Delfino, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Jaffe, D. E.; Antonelli, A.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Dorris, S. J.; Halley, A. W.; Ten Have, I.; Knowles, I. G.; Lynch, J. G.; Morton, W. T.; O'Shea, V.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Smith, M. G.; Thompson, A. S.; Thomson, F.; Thorn, S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Becker, U.; Braun, O.; Geweniger, C.; Graefe, G.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Schmidt, M.; Sommer, J.; Stenzel, H.; Tittel, K.; Werner, S.; Wunsch, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Colling, D. J.; Dornan, P. J.; Konstantinidis, N.; Moneta, L.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; San Martin, G.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Stacey, A. M.; Dissertori, G.; Girtler, P.; Kneringer, E.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Colrain, P.; Crawford, G.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Sloan, T.; Whelan, E. P.; Williams, M. I.; Galla, A.; Greene, A. M.; Kleinknecht, K.; Quast, G.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H.-G.; Wanke, R.; Zeitnitz, C.; Aubert, J. J.; Bencheikh, A. M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Bujosa, G.; Calvet, D.; Carr, J.; Diaconu, C.; Etienne, F.; Thulasidas, M.; Nicod, D.; Payre, P.; Rousseau, D.; Talby, M.; Abt, I.; Assmann, R.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Gotzhein, C.; Jakobs, K.; Kroha, H.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H.-G.; Richter, R.; Rosado-Schlosser, A.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; St. Denis, R.; Wolf, G.; Alemany, R.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Courault, F.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph.; Jacquet, M.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Musolino, G.; Nikolic, I.; Park, H. J.; Park, I. C.; Schune, M.-H.; Simion, S.; Veillet, J.-J.; Videau, I.; Abbaneo, D.; Azzurri, P.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ciulli, V.; dell'Orso, R.; Fantechi, R.; Ferrante, I.; Foà, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Sciabà, A.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A. P.; Blair, G. A.; Bryant, L. M.; Gao, Y.; Green, M. G.; Johnson, D. L.; Medcalf, T.; Mir, Ll. M.; Perrodo, P.; Strong, J. A.; Bertin, V.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Haywood, S.; Edwards, M.; Maley, P.; Norton, P. R.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lançon, E.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Rosowsky, A.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Trabelsi, A.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R. P.; Kim, H. Y.; Litke, A. M.; McNeil, M. A.; Taylor, G.; Beddall, A.; Booth, C. N.; Boswell, R.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Dawson, I.; Koksal, A.; Letho, M.; Newton, W. M.; Rankin, C.; Thompson, L. F.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Cowan, G.; Feigl, E.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Minguet-Rodriguez, J.; Rivera, F.; Saraiva, P.; Smolik, L.; Stephan, F.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Ganis, G.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Pitis, L.; Ragusa, F.; Rothberg, J.; Wasserbaech, S.; Armstrong, S. R.; Bellantoni, L.; Elmer, P.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; González, S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J. L.; Hayes, O. J.; H., Hu; McNamara, P. A.; Nachtman, J. M.; Orejudos, W.; Pan, Y. B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Scott, I. J.; Sharma, V.; Turk, J. D.; Walsh, A. M.; Weber, F. V.; Sau, Lan Wu; X, Wu; Yamartino, J. M.; M., Zheng; Zobernig, G.

    1995-02-01

    From 1.4 million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH detector at LEP, an enriched sample of Z → cc¯ events is extracted by requiring the presence of a high momentum D ∗±. The charm quark forward-backward charge asymmetry at the Z pole is measured to be AFB0. c = (8.0 ± 2.4) % corresponding to an effective electroweak mixing angle of sin 2θWeff = 0.2302 ± 0.0054.

  19. Regge trajectory of the f0(500) resonance from a dispersive connection to its pole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nebreda, J. [Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan; Londergan, J. Timothy [Indiana University , Bloomington, IN; Pelaez, Jose R. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Spain; Szczepaniak, Adam P. [Indiana University , Bloomington, IN

    2014-11-01

    We report here our results on how to obtain the Regge trajectory of a resonance from its pole in a scattering process by imposing analytic constraints in the complex angular momentum plane. The method, suited for resonances that dominate an elastic scattering amplitude, has been applied to the ρ (770) and the f0(500) resonances. Whereas for the former we obtain a linear Regge trajectory, characteristic of ordinary quark-antiquark states, for the latter we find a non-linear trajectory with a much smaller slope at the resonance mass. This provides a strong indication of the non-ordinary nature of the sigma meson.

  20. On the age vs depth and optical clarity of deep ice at South Pole

    OpenAIRE

    the AMANDA Collaboration

    1995-01-01

    The first four strings of phototubes for the AMANDA high-energy neutrino observatory are now frozen in place at a depth of 800 to 1000 m in ice at the South Pole. During the 1995-96 season an additional six strings will be deployed at greater depths. Provided absorption, scattering, and refraction of visible light are sufficiently small, the trajectory of a muon into which a neutrino converts can be determined by using the array of phototubes to measure the arrival times of \\v{C}erenkov light...

  1. The Properties of Bianalytic Functions with Zero Arc at a Pole

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Fei; HUANG Xin Min; LIU Hua

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, the properties of bianalytic functions ω(z) = zφ1(z) + φ2(z) with zero arc at the pole z = 0 are discussed. Some conditions under which there exists an arc γ, an end of which is z = 0, such that ω(z) = 0 for (V)z ∈γ\\{0} are given. Secondly, that the limit set of ω(z) is a circle or line as z → 0 is proved in this case. Finally, two numerical examples are given to illustrate our results.

  2. Development of a superconducting claw-pole linear test-rig

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radyjowski, Patryk; Keysan, Ozan; Burchell, Joseph; Mueller, Markus

    2016-04-01

    Superconducting generators can help to reduce the cost of energy for large offshore wind turbines, where the size and mass of the generator have a direct effect on the installation cost. However, existing superconducting generators are not as reliable as the alternative technologies. In this paper, a linear test prototype for a novel superconducting claw-pole topology, which has a stationary superconducting coil that eliminates the cryocooler coupler will be presented. The issues related to mechanical, electromagnetic and thermal aspects of the prototype will be presented.

  3. Determination of the pole and MSbar masses of the top quark from the ttbar cross section

    OpenAIRE

    Abazov, V. M. et al. (D0 Collaboration); B. Abbott; Acharya, B. S.; M. Adams; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; A. Alton; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; Ancu, L. S.; Aoki, M.; Arov, M.; Askew., A; Åsman, B.(Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden The Oskar Klein Centre, Stockholm, Sweden)

    2011-01-01

    We use higher-order quantum chromodynamics calculations to extract the mass of the top quark from the ttbar cross section measured in the lepton+jets channel in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV using 5.3 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The extracted top quark pole mass and MSbar mass are compared to the current Tevatron average top quark mass obtained from direct measurements.

  4. Analysis of non-salient pole synchronous generator using phasor diagrams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahaya Asizehi ENESI

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, various performance equations are derived from phasor diagrams of a three phase non-salient pole (cylindrical rotor synchronous generator of known armature resistance and of ignored armature resistance for lagging, unity and leading power factor load. These equations are used to calculate the output parameters of non-synchronous generator and to plot the graphs of terminal voltage-armature current, torque angle-armature current, torque angle-terminal voltage, power-torque angle and torque-speed characteristics through simulation by MATLAB program for the purpose of illustration.

  5. Near-field mapping of three-dimensional surface charge poles for hybridized plasmon modes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Huang

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available We describe a new computational approach to mapping three-dimensional (3D surface charge poles and thus to determine complicated and hybridized plasmon modes in metallic nanostructures via finite element method (FEM calculations. 3D surface charge distributions at the near-field resonance energies are calculated directly using Gauss’ law. For a nanosphere dimer, we demonstrate that higher-order hybridized plasmon modes can be addressed clearly. As an improvement to conventional mapping approaches, this new approach provides a better understanding of comprehensive physical image of plasmonic systems necessary for fundamental studies and spectroscopy applications.

  6. Multipole lenses with implicit poles and with harmonic distribution of current density in a coil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General theory of the multipole lense with implicit poles is presented. The thickness of lense coil is finite. Current density distribution in the coil cross section is harmonic in the azimuth direction and arbitrary in the radial one. The calculation of yoke contribution in the lence field is given. Two particular lense variants differing from each other in the method of current density radial distribution are considered and necessary calculated relations for the lense with and without yoke ar presented. A comparative analysis of physical and technological peculiarities of these lenses is performed

  7. Oliver Peek: me pole teeninud 100 miljonit ebaseaduslikult / Oliver Peek ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peek, Oliver

    2005-01-01

    LHV analüütik Oliver Peek, keda USA väärtpaberituru järelevalveasutus SEC süüdistab infovarguses ja ebaseaduslikus tulu teenimises, põhjendab, miks ta ei näe oma tegevuses midagi seadusevastast. Lisad: Meestel energiat ka eraettevõtluseks; Mõni LHV Traderi kasutaja võib siiski raha kaotada; LHV pensionifondidega pole probleeme; SEC: enamiku kohtuasju võidame. Tabel: Ost ja müük. Vt. samas: LHV tehingute anatoomia. Kommenteerib Tõnu Samuel

  8. Bleaching of sol-gel glass film with embedded gold nanoparticles by thermal poling

    OpenAIRE

    Mezzapesa, Francesco P.; Carvalho, Isabel C. S.; Kazansky, Peter G.; Kawazu, Mitsuhiro; SAKAGUCHI, Koichi

    2006-01-01

    Gold clusters embedded in glass are expected to be hard to dissolve in the form of ions since gold is essentially a nonreactive metal. In spite of that, bleaching of Au-doped nanocomposite sol-gel glass film on a soda-lime glass substrate is demonstrated in which electric-field thermal poling is employed to effectively dissolve randomly distributed gold nanoparticles (15 nm in diameter) embedded in a low conductivity sol-gel glass film with a volume filling factor as small as 2.3%. The surfac...

  9. Absorption Measurements of Periodically Poled Potassium Titanyl Phosphate (PPKTP at 775 nm and 1550 nm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Steinlechner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The efficient generation of second-harmonic light and squeezed light requires non-linear crystals that have low absorption at the fundamental and harmonic wavelengths. In this work the photo-thermal self-phase modulation technique is exploited to measure the absorption coefficient of periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate (PPKTP at 1,550 nm and 775 nm. Themeasurement results are (84±40 ppm/cmand (127±24 ppm/cm, respectively. We conclude that the performance of state-of-the-art frequency doubling and squeezed light generation in PPKTP is not limited by absorption.

  10. Counterclockwise barber-pole sign on CT: SMA/SMV variance without midgut malrotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, Paul [Tripler Army Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Honolulu, Hawaii (United States); Ruess, Lynne [Tripler Army Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Honolulu, Hawaii (United States); Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and Pediatrics, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2005-11-01

    We report on a 10-year-old girl who presented with worsening pain and anorexia after blunt trauma to the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen was performed, and a counterclockwise rotation of the superior mesenteric vein around the superior mesenteric artery was seen. An upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series with small-bowel follow-through demonstrated a normally located duodenal-jejunal junction. This is the first case report of a counterclockwise barber-pole sign seen by CT with UGI that was negative for malrotation or volvulus. (orig.)

  11. Large pion pole in Z(S)(MOM)/(Z(P)(MOM) from Wilson action data

    OpenAIRE

    Cudell, Jean-René; Le~Yaouanc, A.; Pittori, C

    2001-01-01

    We show that, contrarily to recent claims, data from the Wilson (unimproved) fermionic action at three different beta values demonstrate the presence of a large Goldstone boson contribution in the quark pseudoscalar vertex, quantitatively close to our previous estimate based on the SW action with c_{SW}=1.769. We show that discretisation errors on Z_{S}^{MOM}/Z_{P}^{MOM} seem to be much smaller than the Goldstone pole contribution over a very large range of momenta. The subtraction of this no...

  12. Surveying the South Pole-Aitken basin magnetic anomaly for remnant impactor metallic iron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahill, Joshua T.S.; Hagerty, Justin J.; Lawrence, David M.; Klima, Rachel L.; Blewett, David T.

    2014-01-01

    The Moon has areas of magnetized crust ("magnetic anomalies"), the origins of which are poorly constrained. A magnetic anomaly near the northern rim of South Pole-Aitken (SPA) basin was recently postulated to originate from remnant metallic iron emplaced by the SPA basin-forming impactor. Here, we remotely examine the regolith of this SPA magnetic anomaly with a combination of Clementine and Lunar Prospector derived iron maps for any evidence of enhanced metallic iron content. We find that these data sets do not definitively detect the hypothesized remnant metallic iron within the upper tens of centimeters of the lunar regolith.

  13. Far-ultraviolet Observations of the North Ecliptic Pole with SPEAR

    CERN Document Server

    Korpela, E J; Kregenow, J; Nishikida, K; Min, K W; Lee, D H; Ryu, K; Han, W; Nam, U W; Park, J H; Korpela, Eric J.; Edelstein, Jerry; Kregenow, Julia; Nishikida, Kaori; Min, Kyoung-Wook; Lee, Dae-Hee; Ryu, Kwangsun; Han, Wonyong; Nam, Uk-Won; Park, Jang-Hyun

    2006-01-01

    We present SPEAR/FIMS far-ultraviolet observations near the North Ecliptic Pole. This area, at b~30 degrees and with intermediate HI column, seems to be a fairly typical line of sight that is representative of general processes in the diffuse ISM. We detect a surprising number of emission lines of many elements at various ionization states representing gas phases from the warm neutral medium (WNM) to the hot ionized medium (HIM). We also detect fluorescence bands of H2, which may be due to the ubiquitous diffuse H2 previously observed in absorption.

  14. Analysis of Background Seismic Noise Recorded at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, K. R.; Aster, R.; Beaudoin, B. C.; Butler, R.

    2006-12-01

    A small array of high frequency seismometers was recently placed around the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in order to characterize seismic noise generated by the station during operations. This week long experiment, titled, "South Pole Analysis of Machines" or SPAM was conducted in January of 2006 using equipment provided by IRIS PASSCAL to sample the high frequency noise sources generated at the NSF's research base. These data will be correlated to those observed at the ultra quiet GSN seismic station (QSPA) located 5 miles from the base. The purpose of the experiment is to show that although the QSPA sensors are 5 miles away and nearly 1000 feet deep in the ice, there is still a risk of contamination of the signals by cultural noise from the South Pole research base. A Quiet Sector was established around the QSPA station in order to minimize vibrational noise sources, but there is interest in moving some experiments out into the Quiet Sector. Characterizing the noise sources will help us determine the potential reduction in data quality expected at the QSPA station as experiments move closer to the site. Sensors were placed next to the power generators, aircraft taxiway, large antenna towers, as well as at the base of the new station itself. Sensors were also placed between the research base and the QSPA station to get an idea of the propagation of the noise toward the QSPA station. Several high frequency noise sources are clearly seen on all array elements with a number of very clear spectral lines above 1 Hz. These are primarily associated with snow moving tractors and power generators. Smaller signals are seen that may be related to wind loading on the new South Pole elevated station along with harmonics that appear to be correlated with large air handling equipment in the station. Also evident are air operations with landings, takeoffs, taxi and idling C-130's evident. Although greatly attenuated, almost all of these signals are observed at the QSPA

  15. Explicit construction of the pole part of the three-gluon vertex

    CERN Document Server

    Ibanez, David

    2011-01-01

    We present an explicit construction of the special part of the three gluon vertex, which incorporates the Schwinger mechanism into the Schwinger-Dyson equation of the gluon propagator, enabling the generation of a dynamical gluon mass. This vertex contains massless, longitudinally coupled poles, acting effectively as composite Nambu-Goldstone bosons, generated by the strong QCD dynamics. The basic ingredients required for this construction are the longitudinal nature of this vertex and the Slavnov-Taylor identities that it must satisfy, in order for gauge-invariance and BRST symmetry to remain intact in the presence of a gluon mass.

  16. A QUESTÃO DA MOBILIDADE URBANA NAS METRÓPOLES BRASILEIRAS

    OpenAIRE

    Valéria Pero; Victor Stefanelli

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO O tempo de deslocamento de casa ao trabalho tem se elevado substancialmente nas regiões metropolitanas brasileiras durante a última década. Esse fenômeno tem implicações fortes sobre o bem-estar dos indivíduos, porém as consequências desse problema não se distribuem uniformemente entre a população. O presente trabalho visa contribuir para o debate sobre a questão da mobilidade urbana nas metrópoles brasileiras analisando a evolução do tempo de deslocamento entre 1992 e 2013 e suas dife...

  17. Study on the distortion of apparent resistivity curves caused by the 'infinite' electrode space of a Pole-Pole array and its correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Le-Le; Wei, Jiu-Chuan; Niu, Chao; Shi, Long-Qing; Zhai, Pei-He; Yin, Hui-Yong; Xie, Dao-Lei

    2015-07-01

    The Pole-Pole (PP) array is widely used for measurements that incorporate two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) multi-electrode electrical resistivity surveys, although an effective equilibrium has not yet been achieved between two factors, the location of 'infinite' electrodes and the data utilisation of the effective resistivity, which affects the detection accuracy; thus, the data collected under the conditions of 'infinite' electrodes that are as finite as possible are maximally effective. Studies have shown that the optimum 'infinite' electrode distance must be greater than 20 times the current-potential electrode distance AM; this value is much greater than the currently used value of 5 to 10 times AM. However, limitations imposed by landforms and topographic conditions, such as mountainous areas and coal mine roadways, often prevent the 'infinite' condition from being satisfied. In this study, a field test was designed and performed by adopting a particular PP array to collect sounding data under different 'infinite' electrode distances, and the differences were analysed in the apparent resistivity curves calculated with different geometric coefficients. The results reveal that when the 'infinite' electrode space is finite relative to AM, significant distortion may occur, and a minimum inflection point may appear in the sounding curve of apparent resistivity that is calculated with the geometric coefficient Kpp. Although the data past the minimum inflection point of ρs-mpp curve lose their value for the sounding application, a portion of the first segment of the distorted curve can be used, therefore, a correction formula under the condition of non-infinite electrode (Bing and Greenhalgh, 1998) space in a PP array is derived based on traditional electric field theories and formulas of apparent resistivity under different electrode arrays. The error analysis after correction indicates that the data utilisation ratio in the corrected effective

  18. Comparative analysis by simulating and testing pole impact for hot stamping front crossbeam of automobile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Fangwu; Yao Zaiqi; Liu Qiang; Wang Xiaona; Zhao Fuquan; Li Fangfang; Lin Jianping

    2012-01-01

    Hot stamping 22MnB5 steel plate with ultra-high strength has been widely used for body structural members in consideration of automobile safety and lightweight. This paper presents a verification program of simulating and testing pole impact in order to verify if the front crossbeam reinforcement assembly can meet the design requirements, reduce the overall vehicle simulation and test cost and shorten the operation period. In the same condition, the simulation proved conforming to the design requirements; however, the bumper cracked at the impacting point in the course of pole impact test. The analysis of the crack by optical microscope, Vickers and scanning electron microscope indicates that mixture of ferrite, bainite and martensite was produced in the weld heat-affected zone of the 340/590DP tow hook holder and the 22MnB5 front crossbeam; therefore, their hardness and mechanical property were reduced obviously, so that they fractured when impacted. No welding process with continuous weld but spot welding or other bonding method may be employed for the reason that the capacity of the 22MnB5 steel plate in the weld heat-affected zone was reduced obvi- ously.

  19. Four-pole galvanic vestibular stimulation causes body sway about three axes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyama, Kazuma; Iizuka, Hiroyuki; Ando, Hideyuki; Maeda, Taro

    2015-01-01

    Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) can be applied to induce the feeling of directional virtual head motion by stimulating the vestibular organs electrically. Conventional studies used a two-pole GVS, in which electrodes are placed behind each ear, or a three-pole GVS, in which an additional electrode is placed on the forehead. These stimulation methods can be used to induce virtual head roll and pitch motions when a subject is looking upright. Here, we proved our hypothesis that there are current paths between the forehead and mastoids in the head and show that our invented GVS system using four electrodes succeeded in inducing directional virtual head motion around three perpendicular axes containing yaw rotation by applying different current patterns. Our novel method produced subjective virtual head yaw motions and evoked yaw rotational body sway in participants. These results support the existence of three isolated current paths located between the mastoids, and between the left and right mastoids and the forehead. Our findings show that by using these current paths, the generation of an additional virtual head yaw motion is possible. PMID:25959790

  20. Threshold for strong thermal dephasing in periodically poled KTP in external cavity frequency doubling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundeman, Jesper Holm; Jensen, Ole Bjarlin; Andersen, Peter E.;

    2009-01-01

    We present a measurement series of the efficiency of periodically poled KTP used for second-harmonic generation in an external phase-locked cavity. Due to the high absorption (0.01 cm^−1) in the PPKTP crystal at the pump wavelength a strong thermal dephasing of the periodically poled grating is...... observed for high pump powers. For four different resonator setups, it was experimentally found that a threshold parameter could be defined as the ratio between the focal intensity in the crystal and the single-pass conversion efficiency. The value of this threshold for the onset of strong thermal...... dephasing was found to be 1.41×10^10 W^2 m^-2 in our 30-mm long PPKTP sample. This threshold parameter marks the onset of thermally induced instability that leads to a degradation of the SHG conversion efficiency. Above the threshold the shape of the resonance peaks of the resonator changed from symmetrical...

  1. K0* (800) as a companion pole of K0* (1430)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolkanowski, T.; Sołtysiak, M.; Giacosa, F.

    2016-08-01

    We study the light scalar sector up to 1.8 GeV by using a quantum field theoretical approach which includes a single kaonic state in a Lagrangian with both derivative and non-derivative interactions. By performing a fit to πK phase shift data in the I = 1 / 2, J = 0 channel, we show that K0* (800) (or κ) emerges as a dynamically generated companion pole of K0* (1430). This is a result of investigating quantum fluctuations with one kaon and one pion circulating in the loops dressing K0* (1430). We determine the position of the poles on the complex plane in the context of our approach: for K0* (1430) we get (1.413 ± 0.002) - i (0.127 ± 0.003) (in GeV), while for κ we get (0.746 ± 0.019) - i (0.262 ± 0.014) (in GeV). The model-dependence of these results and related uncertainties are discussed in the paper. A large-Nc study confirms that K0* (1430) is predominantly a quarkonium and that K0* (800) is a molecular-like dynamically generated state.

  2. Potential climatic effects of light absorbing particles over the Third Pole regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Zhenming; Kang, Shichang

    2016-04-01

    Light absorbing particles (LAPs) have important impact on regional climate over the Third Pole regions. Carbonaceous and mineral aerosols, which are considered as the anthropogenic and natural sources respectively, can absorb and scatter incident solar radiation in the atmosphere. Meanwhile, LAPs deposition in snow/ice can also change the surface albedo, resulting in perturbations in the surface radiation balance. However, most studies that have made quantitative assessments of the climatic effect of LAPs over the Third Pole regions did not consider the impact of dust on snow/ice at the surface. In this study, a regional climate model RegCM4.3.4 (Regional Climate Model version 4.3.4) coupled with an aerosol-snow/ice feedback module was used to investigate the emission, distribution, and deposition of carbonaceous and dust aerosols. The study was focused on the two issues: 1) the evaluation of model performance; 2) the assessment of climatic effects induced by carbonaceous and mineral dust aerosols, respectively.

  3. A cylindrical current sheet over the South solar pole observed by Ulysses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khabarova, Olga; Kislov, Roman; Malova, Helmi; Obridko, Vladimir

    2016-04-01

    We provide the first evidence for the existence of a quasi-stable cylindrical current sheet over the South solar pole as observed by Ulysses in 2006, near the solar minimum, when it reached maximal heliolatitude of 79.7 degrees at 2.4 AU. It took place inside a fast speed stream from the coronal hole, and the tube was presumably crossed rather far from the center within two degrees of heliolatitude and ~10 degrees of heliolongitude. During the spacecraft passage throughout the structure, the solar wind velocity was approximately twice as little, the solar wind density was 20 times lower than the surrounded plasma values, but the temperature was twice as large in the point closest to the pole. The interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) strongly decreased due to sharp variations in the IMF radial component (RTN) that changed its sign twice, but other components did not show changes out of usual stochastic behavior. Both the behavior of the IMF, rotation of the plasma flow direction and other features indicate the occurrence of cylindrical current sheet. We discuss its solar origin and present modeling that can explain the observations.

  4. Utra-bright compact sources of correlated photons based on SPDC in periodically-poled KTP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beausoleil, Ray; Fiorentino, Marco; Spillane, Sean; Roberts, Tony; Battle, Phil; Munroe, Mark

    2007-05-01

    Photon pairs generated using spontaneous parametric down- conversion (SPDC) have been a central ingredient for a number of quantum optics experiments ranging from the generation of entanglement to demonstrations of quantum information processing protocols. The flux of pairs generated by SPDC sources has been steadily growing over the years opening the door to practical applications of correlated and entangled photon pairs. SPDC sources based on periodically poled waveguides have shown a great potential to generate large numbers of correlated pairs with a few μW of pump. These works, however, lack a clear explanation of the increased pair rate in waveguides and do not directly compare the waveguide result with bulk. Na"ively, field confinement in waveguides is not expected to enhance pair generation rate, since SPDC is a scattering phenomenon that only involves one pump photon and therefore does not benefit from higher photon densities created by focussing. In this talk we present a theoretical and experimental comparison of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in periodically poled waveguides and bulk KTP crystals. We measured a waveguide pair generation rate of 2.9 .10^6 pairs/s per mW of pump in a 1-nm band: more than 50 times higher than the bulk crystal generation rate. To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2007.NWS07.E3.4

  5. Refined rotational period, pole solution, and shape model for (3200) Phaethon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    (3200) Phaethon exhibits both comet- and asteroid-like properties, suggesting it could be a rare transitional object such as a dormant comet or previously volatile-rich asteroid. This justifies detailed study of (3200) Phaethon's physical properties as a better understanding of asteroid-comet transition objects can provide insight into minor body evolution. We therefore acquired time series photometry of (3200) Phaethon over 15 nights from 1994 to 2013, primarily using the Tektronix 2048 × 2048 pixel CCD on the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope. We utilized light curve inversion to (1) refine (3200) Phaethon's rotational period to P = 3.6032 ± 0.0008 hr; (2) estimate a rotational pole orientation of λ = +85° ± 13° and β = –20° ± 10°; and (3) derive a shape model. We also used our extensive light curve data set to estimate the slope parameter of (3200) Phaethon's phase curve as G ∼ 0.06, consistent with C-type asteroids. We discuss how this highly oblique pole orientation with a negative ecliptic latitude supports previous evidence for (3200) Phaethon's origin in the inner main asteroid belt as well as the potential for deeply buried volatiles fueling impulsive yet rare cometary outbursts.

  6. Refined rotational period, pole solution, and shape model for (3200) Phaethon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansdell, Megan; Meech, Karen J.; Kaluna, Heather [NASA Astrobiology Institute, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Hainaut, Olivier [European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Straße, 85748 Garching bei München (Germany); Buie, Marc W. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Bauer, James [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, MS 183-401, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Dundon, Luke, E-mail: mansdell@ifa.hawaii.edu [United States Navy, Washington, DC 20350 (United States)

    2014-09-20

    (3200) Phaethon exhibits both comet- and asteroid-like properties, suggesting it could be a rare transitional object such as a dormant comet or previously volatile-rich asteroid. This justifies detailed study of (3200) Phaethon's physical properties as a better understanding of asteroid-comet transition objects can provide insight into minor body evolution. We therefore acquired time series photometry of (3200) Phaethon over 15 nights from 1994 to 2013, primarily using the Tektronix 2048 × 2048 pixel CCD on the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope. We utilized light curve inversion to (1) refine (3200) Phaethon's rotational period to P = 3.6032 ± 0.0008 hr; (2) estimate a rotational pole orientation of λ = +85° ± 13° and β = –20° ± 10°; and (3) derive a shape model. We also used our extensive light curve data set to estimate the slope parameter of (3200) Phaethon's phase curve as G ∼ 0.06, consistent with C-type asteroids. We discuss how this highly oblique pole orientation with a negative ecliptic latitude supports previous evidence for (3200) Phaethon's origin in the inner main asteroid belt as well as the potential for deeply buried volatiles fueling impulsive yet rare cometary outbursts.

  7. Design validation of the 4S high temperature electromagnetic pump by one pole segment test equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toshiba has developed the Super-Safe, Small and Simple sodium-cooled reactor, named as 4S. 4S has the features that the passive safety design, no on-site refuelling for 30 years, the low maintenance. 4S adopts a high temperature sodium immersed electromagnetic pump (EM pump) as the primary pump. The coil diameter of 4S EM pump is one and a half times as larger than that of 160 m3/min EM pump which Toshiba has already developed. To confirm the manufacturability of the large diameter coil with the high temperature insulation and the large size stator, the one pole segment test equipment, which has one-sixth height and same size radius of 4S EM pump, was manufactured. In this paper, the test results of the one pole segment test equipment are reported. It was confirmed the structural integrity of EM pump caused by the electromagnetic oscillation by the energization of a coil. By the heat cycle test, it was able to confirm the structural integrity during the operation of 4S EM pump and the insulation performance in the high-temperature environment. These test results would be reflected the design and the manufacture of 4S EM pump. (author)

  8. The construction of a 9-pole prototype for SRRC U-10 undulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 9-pole undulator prototype with a magnetic period length of 10 cm was designed and constructed to examine the mechanical and magnetic field performance. The hybrid permanent magnet structure was optimized by using 2D PANDIRA and 3D TOSCA magnetostatic codes. A half period magnet model was also fabricated to verify the magnetic field strength on-axis and the transverse field roll-off within 0.1% in the good field region of ±10 mm at a minimum gap of 22 mm. The end pole configurations, as equipped with either two tunable permanent magnetic rotators or steering coil correctors were designed for minimizing the deviation of the magnetic field strength integrals. The magnet structures were mounted on a 2 meter long C-frame support structure in which the gap could be moved in parallel and phase motion. The field characteristics and measurement results between the adjustable gap undulator (AGU) and the hybrid adjustable phase undulator (APU) were also presented

  9. Hydrology-based understanding of Ontario Lacus in Titan's south pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhingra, Rajani D.; Barnes, Jason W.; Yanites, Brian J.; Kirk, Randolph L.

    2015-11-01

    Ontario Lacus is the largest presently filled lake at the south pole of Titan. Many other large basins in south pole exist at lower elevations than Ontario Lacus but are currently empty. To find out what sets Ontario apart from those empty basins, we have carried a detailed hydrological assessment of Ontario Lacus. Topography of the region, as derived from Cassini RADAR altimetry was used to determine the catchment area of Ontario Lacus. We could map the areal extent of catchments as far as southern mid-latitudes. Clouds in southern mid and high latitudes have been observed by Cassini VIMS which indicate possible precipitation in those regions. Precipitation in southern mid-latitudes coupled with the large catchment areas of Ontario Lacus could be the reason behind it being filled. Our mass conservation calculations indicate that if runoff was the only contributor to the lake volume, then the lake might be filled within one Titan year (29.5 Earth years) in entirety. We also observe a non-linear relationship between the longest identifiable stream and the catchment area (Hack's Law) which is consistent with terrestrial hydrological systems and may help in further interpretation of the hydrology of Ontario Lacus.

  10. Phosphorylation of CPAP by Aurora-A Maintains Spindle Pole Integrity during Mitosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, En-Ju; Hung, Liang-Yi; Tang, Chieh-Ju C; Hsu, Wen-Bin; Wu, Hsin-Yi; Liao, Pao-Chi; Tang, Tang K

    2016-03-29

    CPAP is required for centriole elongation during S/G2 phase, but the role of CPAP in mitosis is incompletely understood. Here, we show that CPAP maintains spindle pole integrity through its phosphorylation by Aurora-A during mitosis. Depletion of CPAP induced a prolonged delay in mitosis, pericentriolar material (PCM) dispersion, and multiple mitotic abnormalities. Further studies demonstrated that CPAP directly interacts with and is phosphorylated by Aurora-A at serine 467 during mitosis. Interestingly, the dispersal of the PCM was effectively rescued by ectopic expression of wild-type CPAP or a phospho-mimic CPAP-S467D mutant, but not a non-phosphorylated CPAP-S467A mutant. Finally, we found that CPAP-S467D has a low affinity for microtubule binding but a high affinity for PCM proteins. Together, our results support a model wherein CPAP is required for proper mitotic progression, and phosphorylation of CPAP by Aurora-A is essential for maintaining spindle pole integrity. PMID:26997271

  11. Phosphorylation of CPAP by Aurora-A Maintains Spindle Pole Integrity during Mitosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    En-Ju Chou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available CPAP is required for centriole elongation during S/G2 phase, but the role of CPAP in mitosis is incompletely understood. Here, we show that CPAP maintains spindle pole integrity through its phosphorylation by Aurora-A during mitosis. Depletion of CPAP induced a prolonged delay in mitosis, pericentriolar material (PCM dispersion, and multiple mitotic abnormalities. Further studies demonstrated that CPAP directly interacts with and is phosphorylated by Aurora-A at serine 467 during mitosis. Interestingly, the dispersal of the PCM was effectively rescued by ectopic expression of wild-type CPAP or a phospho-mimic CPAP-S467D mutant, but not a non-phosphorylated CPAP-S467A mutant. Finally, we found that CPAP-S467D has a low affinity for microtubule binding but a high affinity for PCM proteins. Together, our results support a model wherein CPAP is required for proper mitotic progression, and phosphorylation of CPAP by Aurora-A is essential for maintaining spindle pole integrity.

  12. Conversion of single- and multilevel Breit-Wigner resonance parameters to pole representation parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One reliable and convenient way of processing the cross sections in the resolved energy region is by use of the generalized pole representation, whereby the Doppler-broadening calculation can be carried out rigorously using the analytical approach. So far, its applications have been limited to cases with resonance parameters specified by the Reich-Moore formalism. Although such an approach can in principle be extended to all three remaining representations of resolved resonance parameters specified by the ENDF data format, there is no computational tool for handling such a task at present. Given that Breit-Wigner formalisms are probably the most widely used by any evaluated nuclear data library to represent cross sections, a special effort needs to be made to convert the single- and multilevel Breit-Wigner resonance parameters to pole parameters. The FORTRAN computer code BW2PR has been developed for this purpose. Extensive calculations have been performed to demonstrate that the proposed method ensures the conservation of the information contained originally in Breit-Wigner resonance parameters. This will make it possible to apply the exact Doppler-broadening method to a larger collection of nuclides

  13. Fibrillarin redistributes to the spindle poles and partially colocalizes with NuMA during mitosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Fibrillarin, a major protein in the nucleolus, is known to redistribute during mitosis from the nucleolus to the cytosol, and is related to the dynamics of post-mitotic reassembly of the nucleolus. To better understand the dynamic behavior and the relationship with other cytoplasmic structures, we have now expressed fibrillarin-pDsRed1 fusion protein in HeLa cells. The results showed that a part of fibrillarin was associated with mitotic spindle poles in the mitotic cells. Nocodazole-induced microtubule depolymerization resulted in fibrillarin redistribution throughout the cytoplasm, and removal of nocodazole resulted in relocalization of fibrillarin at the polar region during the mitotic spindles reassembly. In a mitotic cell free system, fibrillarin was found in the center of taxol-induced microtubule asters. Moreover, fibrillarin was found to colocalize with the nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA) at the poles of mitotic cells. Therefore, it is postulated that the polar redistribution of fibrillarin is mediated by microtubules.

  14. Introducing Pietarinen expansion method into single-channel pole extraction problem

    CERN Document Server

    Svarc, Alfred; Osmanovic, Hedim; Stahov, Jugoslav; Tiator, Lothar; Workman, Ron L

    2013-01-01

    We present a new approach to quantifying pole parameters of single-channel processes based on a Laurent expansion of partial-wave T-matrices in the vicinity of the real axis. Instead of using the conventional power-series description of the non-singular part of the Laurent expansion, we represent this part by a convergent series of Pietarinen functions. As the analytic structure of the non-singular part is usually very well known (physical cuts with branch points at inelastic thresholds, and unphysical cuts in the negative energy plane), we find that one Pietarinen series per cut represents the analytic structure fairly reliably. The number of terms in each Pietarinen series is determined by the quality of the fit. The method is tested in two ways: on a toy model constructed from two known poles, various background terms, and two physical cuts, and on several sets of realistic piN elastic energy-dependent partial-wave amplitudes (GWU/SAID - [1, 2], and Dubna-Mainz-Taipei - [3, 4]). We show that the method is ...

  15. On the age vs depth and optical clarity of deep ice at South Pole

    CERN Document Server

    Askebjer, P; Bergström, L; Bouchta, A; Carius, S; Coulthard, A; Engel, K; Erlandsson, B; Goobar, A; Gray, L; Hallgren, A; Halzen, F; Hulth, O P; Jacobsen, J; Johansson, S; Kandhadai, V; Liubarsky, I; Lowder, D M; Miller, T; Mock, P; Morse, R; Porrata, R; Price, P B; Richards, A; Rubinstein, H; Spang, J C; Sun, Q; Tilav, S; Walck, C; Yodh, G

    1995-01-01

    The first four strings of phototubes for the AMANDA high-energy neutrino observatory are now frozen in place at a depth of 800 to 1000 m in ice at the South Pole. During the 1995-96 season an additional six strings will be deployed at greater depths. Provided absorption scattering, and refraction of visible light are sufficiently small, the trajectory of a muon into which a neutrino converts can be determined by using the array of phototubes to measure the arrival times of \\v{C}erenkov light emitted by the muon. To help in deciding on the depth for implantation of the six new strings, we discuss models of age vs depth for South Pole ice, we estimate mean free paths for scattering from bubbles and dust as a function of depth, and we assess distortion of light paths due to refraction at crystal boundaries and interfaces between air-hydrate inclusions and normal ice. We conclude that the depth interval 1600 to 1800 m will be suitably transparent for the next six AMANDA strings and, moreover, that the interval 16...

  16. Evaluation of the SenseWear Mini Armband to assess energy expenditure during pole walking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernillo, Gianluca; Savoldelli, Aldo; Pellegrini, Barbara; Schena, Federico

    2014-10-01

    The current study aimed to show the validity of a portable motion sensor, the SenseWear Armband (SWA), for the estimation of energy expenditure during pole walking. Twenty healthy adults (mean ± SD: age 30.1 ± 7.2 year, body mass 66.1 ± 10.6 kg, height 172.4 ± 8.0 cm, BMI 22.1 ± 2.4 kg · m(-2)) wore the armband during randomized pole walking activities at a constant speed (1.25 m · s(-1)) and at seven grades (0%, ± 5%, ± 15% and ± 25%). Estimates of total energy expenditure from the armband were compared with values derived from indirect calorimetry methodology (IC) using a 2-way mixed model ANOVA (Device × Slope), correlation analyses and Bland-Altman plots. Results revealed significant main effects for device, and slope (p improve the ability of SWA to accurately measure EE for these activities. PMID:25309985

  17. GENETIC BASED PLUS INTEGRAL CONTROLLER FOR PMBLDC MOTOR CONTROL USING RESONANT POLE INVERTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muruganantham

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Permanent Magnet Brushless DC (PMBLDC motor drives are increasingly popular in industrial applications due to rapid progress of technologies in power electronics and the growing demand for energy saving. The increasing demand of energy saving from society is the external force for the development of PMBLDC motor drives. It is however driven by a hard-switching Pulse Width Modulation (PWM inverter, which has low switching frequency, high switching loss, high Electro-Magnetic Interference (EMI, high acoustic noise and low efficiency, etc. To solve these problems of the hard-switching inverter, many soft-switching inverters have been designed in the past. Unfortunately, high device voltage stress, large dc link voltage ripples, complex control scheme and so on are noticed in the soft-switching inverters. This study introduces a novel genetic-proportional Plus Integral (PI controller based resonant pole inverter using transformer, which can generate dc link voltage notches during chopping which minimize the drawbacks of soft-switching. Hence all switches work in zero-voltage switching condition. The performance of the genetic-based PI controller is compared with conventional PI controller. The experimental results show that the genetic-based PI controller renders a better transient response than the conventional PI controller resulting in negligible overshoot, smaller settling time and rise time. Moreover the proposed controller provides low torque ripples and high starting torque. Both simulation and experimental results are presented to show the superiority of the proposed GA-PI controller based resonant pole inverter.

  18. The Resolved Asteroid Program - Size, shape, and pole of (52) Europa

    CERN Document Server

    Merline, W J; Carry, B; Conrad, A; Tamblyn, P M; Dumas, C; Kaasalainen, M; Erikson, A; Mottola, S; Durech, J; Rousseau, G; Behrend, R; Casalnuovo, G B; Chinaglia, B; Christou, J C; Chapman, C R; Neyman, C

    2013-01-01

    With the adaptive optics (AO) system on the 10 m Keck-II telescope, we acquired a high quality set of 84 images at 14 epochs of asteroid (52) Europa on 2005 January 20. The epochs covered its rotation period and, by following its changing shape and orientation on the plane of sky, we obtained its triaxial ellipsoid dimensions and spin pole location. An independent determination from images at three epochs obtained in 2007 is in good agreement with these results. By combining these two data sets, along with a single epoch data set obtained in 2003, we have derived a global fit for (52) Europa of diameters (379x330x249) +/- (16x8x10) km, yielding a volume-equivalent spherical-diameter of 315 +/- 7 km, and a rotational pole within 7 deg of [RA; Dec] = [257,+12] in an Equatorial J2000 reference frame (ECJ2000: 255,+35). Using the average of all mass determinations available forEuropa, we derive a density of 1.5 +/- 0.4, typical of C-type asteroids. Comparing our images with the shape model of Michalowski et al. (...

  19. Bound states, resonances and poles in the low-energy K-barN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The locations in the complex energy plane of the dynamic poles of the T matrix for the (K-bar N,Σπ) system are calculated. Investigated are a quark bag model and several potential models, including one which agrees with the strong interaction shift in kaonic hydrogen as well as scattering data. The parameters of the model are fit to K-p scattering and reaction cross sections, branching ratios, and mass spectra from K-p→ Σπππ, Λπππ. The ΣP1322(1385) and ΛD03(1520) resonances are found to be predominately elementary bag states with considerable dressing for the ΣP13. The ΛS01(1405) appears as a complicated composite systems arising from two poles. The model with certain parameter sets does predict two sign changes in the real part of the K-bar N scattering amplitude near threshold, but they are not quite at the correct energies to produce agreement with the sign of the strong interaction shift of kaonic hydrogen. (author). 10 refs., 10 figs

  20. Lambda(1405) poles obtained from pi0-Sigma0 photoproduction data

    CERN Document Server

    Roca, L

    2013-01-01

    We present a strategy to extract the position of the two $\\Lambda(1405)$ poles from experimental photoproduction data measured recently at different energies in the $\\gamma p \\to K^+ \\pi^0 \\Sigma^0 $ reaction at Jefferson Lab. By means of a chiral dynamics motivated potential but with free parameters, we solve the Bethe Salpeter equation in the coupled channels $\\bar K N$ and $\\pi \\Sigma$ in isospin I=0 and parameterize the amplitude for the photonuclear reaction in terms of a linear combination of the $\\pi \\Sigma \\to \\pi \\Sigma$ and $\\bar K N \\to \\pi \\Sigma$ scattering amplitudes in I=0, with a different linear combination for each energy. Good fits to the data are obtained with some sets of parameters, by means of which one can also predict the cross section for the $K^- p \\to \\pi^0 \\Sigma^0 $ reaction. These later results help us decide among the possible solutions. The result is that the different solutions lead to two poles similar to those found in the chiral unitary approach. With the best result we fi...