WorldWideScience

Sample records for cartography

  1. Subverting cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    2011-01-01

    It is increasingly recognised that cartography is a contested practice, embedded within particular sets of power relations, and that maps are bound up with the production and reproduction of social life. The author begins by emphasising the importance of these issues for considering how the city......, and the main part of the paper is devoted to examining some specific challenges to 'official' cartographies of the city. The author focuses on the radical art and political group, the Situationist International, and its avant-garde predecessors of the Lettrist International, who sought to appropriate urban...... maps and cartographic discourses and to develop a new form of 'psychogeographical mapping' during the 1950s and 1960s. The paper provides an account of their subversions, and an assessment of how their concerns might inform contemporary discussions on cartography and the mapping of urban space....

  2. Retinal cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosier, M A

    1982-10-01

    This paper analyses retinal cartography in terms of its reflection of anatomic data and its relation to several forms of geographic methods of map-making. It shows that the distances between anatomic landmarks of the eye are reasonably similar to the relative distances on the retinal drawing chart currently used. Two forms of geographic cartography--azimuth equidistant and orthographic--are described and compared with retinal cartography. The retinal drawing chart currently used most closely approximates an azimuth equidistant projection, which suffers from circumferential distortion, a fact that retinal surgeons must keep in mind. It is therefore recommended that the chart be modified to have equally spaced concentric circles and clearer identification of the ora serrata; the present accurate marking of anatomic landmarks, such as the equator and the posterior border of the ciliary body, should be preserved.

  3. Cartographie T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cote, Jean-Charles

    Les cartographies T1 par séquences d'échos stimulés et Look- Locker sont les plus communément utilisées pour mesurer les temps de relaxation T 1 en imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM). Elles ont des performances d'usage clinique, ne prenant que quelques minutes pour produire une carte des valeurs de T1. Ces séquences demeurent cependant très sensibles à la précision des pulses radiofréquences (RF) qui réorientent l'aimantation pour produire les signaux mesurés. Les pulses RF rectangulaires régulièrement utilisés en IRM produisent un basculement de l'aimantation directement proportionnel à l'intensité du champ magnétique B 1 produit par l'antenne émettrice. Les antennes cliniques ont des distributions de champs B1 qui fluctuent énormément. En exemple, l'antenne servant à produire des images de la tête possède un champ B1 qui est distribué dans son volume utile sur une plage allant de 0,5 à 1,2 relativement à son centre. Cette variation spatiale de B1 entraîne des erreurs systématiques sur les valeurs ajustées de T1 dépassant les 50%. Le développement d'un nouveau concept d'excitation RF à approche tangentielle ayant des propriétés adiabatiques pouvant remplacer les demi-passages adiabatiques (AHP) et son utilisation sous la forme d'un BIR-4-S2 (B1-Insensitive Rotation-4 AHP-Sequentialized 2 steps) dans les séquences de cartographie T1 a permis de réduire à moins de 10% les erreurs systématiques dans le cas mesuré par échos stimulés compensés et à moins de 5% pour le Look-Locker. Le BIR-4-S2 possède une imprécision sur l'angle de basculement de moins de 5° sur une plage relative allant de 0,75 à 1,75 autour d'un champ de référence B1 ref, pour un choix de basculement sur 360°. Et, contrairement aux pulses adiabatiques, il demeure un pulse RF tridimentionnel (3D) à faible puissance pouvant être utilisé à répétition cliniquement sans risque d'échauffement dangereux pour les patients. La séquence d

  4. Visualization in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    MacEachren, AM

    1994-01-01

    Visualization in Modern Cartography explores links between the centuries-old discipline of cartography and today's revolutionary developments in scientific visualization. The book has three main goals: (1) to pass on design and symbolization expertise to the scientific visualization community - information that comes from centuries of pre-computer visualization by cartographers, and their more recent experiences with computerizing the discipline; (2) to help cartographers cope with the dramatic shift from print cartography to a dynamic virtual cartography for which their role is changing from

  5. Small - Display Cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Flemming; Hvas, Anders; Münster-Swendsen, Jørgen;

    This report comprises the work carried out in the work-package of small display cartography. The work-package has aimed at creating a general framework for the small-display cartography. A solid framework facilitates an increased use of spatial data in mobile devices - thus enabling, together...... Service Communication and finally, Part IV: Concluding remarks and topics for further research on small-display cartography. Part II includes a separate Appendix D consisting of a cartographic design specification. Part III includes a separate Appendix C consisting of a schema specification, a separate...

  6. Earth resources cartography program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colvocoresses, A. P.

    1972-01-01

    Progress is reported on efforts to develop techniques of using space vehicle and high altitude aircraft imagery in cartography projects. Major efforts were made to develop an operational system for isolating specified themes from the imagery.

  7. Cartography: LACIE's spatial processor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rader, M. L.; Vela, R. R. (Principal Investigator)

    1979-01-01

    The spatial processing needs of LACIE include the location of agricultural test sites, and the registration of ground truth to LANDSAT imagery. The technological aspects of LACIE cartographic support, the need for cartography in satellite crop surveys, and proposed improvements which would enhance support of future programs are discussed.

  8. Geodesy and cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R.; Arthur, D.

    1976-01-01

    Geodesy and cartography provide the geometric framework on which most investigations of planets are ultimately based. Specifically, the products of these disciplines provide information on the following: (1) the dimensions of the planet, (2) a mathematical figure of reference for the planet, (3) the orientation of the body in the celestial coordinate system, (4) the rotational constants, (5) a defined system of coordinates, (6) the location of surface points in the defined coordinate system, (7) the gravity potential expressed in spherical harmonics, (8) topographic and thematic maps, and (9) surface albedo in various wavelengths. The relevance of geodesy and cartography to planetology is discussed, and the requirements of data acquisition and mission design are considered.

  9. Adaptive Cartography and Geographical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konecny, Milan; Stanek, Karel

    2010-01-01

    The article focuses on adaptive cartography and its potential for geographical education. After briefly describing the wider context of adaptive cartography, it is suggested that this new cartographic approach establishes new demands and benefits for geographical education, especially in offering the possibility for broader individual…

  10. Two books History of Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Husak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two valuable books were published under the title History of Cartography in the group Lecture Notes and the subgroup Publications of the International Cartographic Association. The books were published as a result of collaboration between International Cartographic Association (ICA and the Springer-Verlag publishing company and contain most papers from the following symposia:3rd International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography at University of Texas in Arlington, October 11–12, (URL 1 with the theme Charting the Cartography of Chartered Companies and4th International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary, June 28–29, 2012 (URL 2 with the theme Exploration – Discovery – Cartography.

  11. Cartography of endurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentmeester, Christy

    2014-01-01

    This commentary canvasses a few prominent themes of ethical relevance drawn from the stories in this issue. I develop the metaphor of cartography to illuminate critical experiences in the moral lives of parents of children with brain tumors. Relationship transformation within families along the timeline of a child's illness and recovery is one such set of experiences. Points for consideration in health professions education are also featured: clinical humility regarding "second opinions," cultivating therapeutic efficacy from the clinician-parent relationship, error, and medical care itself as a source of trauma.

  12. Cerebral cartography and connectomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sporns, Olaf

    2015-05-19

    Cerebral cartography and connectomics pursue similar goals in attempting to create maps that can inform our understanding of the structural and functional organization of the cortex. Connectome maps explicitly aim at representing the brain as a complex network, a collection of nodes and their interconnecting edges. This article reflects on some of the challenges that currently arise in the intersection of cerebral cartography and connectomics. Principal challenges concern the temporal dynamics of functional brain connectivity, the definition of areal parcellations and their hierarchical organization into large-scale networks, the extension of whole-brain connectivity to cellular-scale networks, and the mapping of structure/function relations in empirical recordings and computational models. Successfully addressing these challenges will require extensions of methods and tools from network science to the mapping and analysis of human brain connectivity data. The emerging view that the brain is more than a collection of areas, but is fundamentally operating as a complex networked system, will continue to drive the creation of ever more detailed and multi-modal network maps as tools for on-going exploration and discovery in human connectomics.

  13. Dynamic Network Delay Cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Rajawat, Ketan; Giannakis, Georgios B

    2012-01-01

    Path delays in IP networks are important metrics, required by network operators for assessment, planning, and fault diagnosis. Monitoring delays of all source-destination pairs in a large network is however challenging and wasteful of resources. The present paper advocates a spatio-temporal Kalman filtering approach to construct network-wide delay maps using measurements on only a few paths. The proposed network cartography framework allows efficient tracking and prediction of delays by relying on both topological as well as historical data. Optimal paths for delay measurement are selected in an online fashion by leveraging the notion of submodularity. The resulting predictor is optimal in the class of linear predictors, and outperforms competing alternatives on real-world datasets.

  14. Cartography of architectural controversies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lotz, Katrine

    2009-01-01

    How can buildings be perceived not only for their properties as stable objects and spatial organisation, but also and at the same time as series of transformations, as socio-material orderings, as movements? Coming from a background in architecture and architectural theory I propose that spatial...... on the visual materials and documents produced during the process, and interviews with architects, clients and engineers, I describe the continuous efforts to establish and strengthen architectural motives, and how they eventually gain the ability to align other motives and other actors. I suggest...... that employing the visualising methods of the recent development of Actor-Network-Theory called ‘Cartography of Controversies' might contribute to trans-disciplinary efforts to develop analytic understanding of the conflicting human purposes and power-struggles at stake in the be-coming of architecture....

  15. Cartographie et intelligence artificielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Le monde complexe dans lequel nous évoluons est aussi paradoxal : ainsi, que peut-on prédire quant à la diffusion du savoir faire des géographes en termes de cartographie et de visualisation de l’information géographique ? On voit surgir toujours plus d’instruments et d’occasions de se repérer et d’admirer des images de la terre, mais il n’est pas sûr que cela fasse progresser dans le public la connaissance des cartes et de leur interprétation. Prenons l’exemple du repérage, par GPS, et bient...

  16. Cartography past, present and future

    CERN Document Server

    Rhind, DW

    2013-01-01

    Making maps dates back at least four thousand years and it is widely recognised that many maps are of great historical value and present a skilled method of summarising the real world on a sheet of paper. Less well known is the judgement involved in the selection and simplification of features, the complex transformation of space and the exacting standards which are needed in cartography. This book is primarily a tribute to Professor F.J. Ormeling, former President and Secretary/Treasurer of the ICA and gives a wide ranging review of the current status of cartography, how this status was atta

  17. Thematic cartography, cartography and the impact of the quantitative revolution

    CERN Document Server

    Cauvin, Colette; Serradj, Aziz

    2013-01-01

    This series in three volumes considers maps as constructions resulting from a number of successive transformations and stages integrated in a logical reasoning and an order of choices. Volume 2 focuses on the impact of the quantitative revolution, partially related to the advent of the computer age, on thematic cartography.

  18. Disruptive Cartography in Academic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Beverley; Graniero, Phil A.

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on cartography, urban design and visual data modelling, we consider how people navigate, or fail to navigate, the mental, physical and social spaces of knowledge communities. Cartographically inspired critical thinking offers opportunities to re-examine the assumptions and formal maps of post-secondary institutions, visualizing…

  19. Runoff inundation hazard cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pineux, N.; Degré, A.

    2012-04-01

    Between 1998 and 2004, Europe suffered from more than hundred major inundations, responsible for some 700 deaths, for the moving of about half a million of people and the economic losses of at least 25 billions Euros covered by the insurance policies. Within this context, EU launched the 2007/60/CE directive. The inundations are natural phenomenon. They cannot be avoided. Nevertheless this directive permits to better evaluate the risks and to coordinate the management measures taken at member states level. In most countries, inundation maps only include rivers' overflowing. In Wallonia, overland flows and mudflows also cause huge damages, and must be included in the flood hazard map. Indeed, the cleaning operations for a village can lead to an estimated cost of 11 000 €. Average construction cost of retention dams to control off-site damage caused by floods and muddy flows was valued at 380 000€, and yearly dredging costs associated with these retention ponds at 15 000€. For a small city for which a study was done in a more specific way (Gembloux), the mean annual cost for the damages that can generate the runoff is about 20 000€. This cost consists of the physical damages caused to the real estate and movable properties of the residents as well as the emergency operations of the firemen and the city. On top of damages to public infrastructure (clogging of trenches, silting up of retention ponds) and to private property by muddy flows, runoff generates a significant loss of arable land. Yet, the soil resource is not an unlimited commodity. Moreover, sediments' transfer to watercourses alters their physical and chemical quality. And that is not to mention the increased psychological stress for people. But to map overland flood and mud flow hazard is a real challenge. This poster will present the methodology used to in Wallonia. The methodology is based on 3 project rainfalls: 25, 50 and 100 years return period (consistency with the cartography of the

  20. An Invitation to Postmodern Social Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

    This essay demonstrates how social cartography--the writing and reading of maps addressing questions of location in the social milieu--may enhance social research and move it forward in its struggles to distance itself from the positivistic restraints of modernism. Social cartography suggests an opening of dialogue among diverse social players,…

  1. Concepts and applications for influenza antigenic cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Zhipeng; Zhang, Tong; Wan, Xiu-Feng

    2011-01-01

    Influenza antigenic cartography projects influenza antigens into a two or three dimensional map based on immunological datasets, such as hemagglutination inhibition and microneutralization assays. A robust antigenic cartography can facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection since the antigenic map can simplify data interpretation through intuitive antigenic map. However, antigenic cartography construction is not trivial due to the challenging features embedded in the immunological data, such as data incompleteness, high noises, and low reactors. To overcome these challenges, we developed a computational method, temporal Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS), by adapting the low rank MC concept from the movie recommendation system in Netflix and the MDS method from geographic cartography construction. The application on H3N2 and 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A viruses demonstrates that temporal MC-MDS is effective and efficient in constructing influenza antigenic cartography. The web sever is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap. PMID:21761589

  2. Policy issues in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, DRF

    1998-01-01

    Policy Issues in Modern Cartography contains the views of national mapping agencies, legal scholars, the library community, the private sector and academia on these and many other important issues. The book begins with perspectives from national mapping agencies in Britain, Canada and the United States followed by a survey of the situation in Asia. The next three chapters deal primarily with legal issues such as copyright and intellectual property from both North American and European perspectives. Chapter 8 presents an important perspective on the key issues by a representative of the privat

  3. The Evolution of Cartography Graduate Programs and the Development of New Graduate Programs in Cartography: An Assessment of Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Theodore R.

    This paper traces the historical development of cartography graduate programs, establishes an evolutionary model, and evaluates the model to determine if it has some utility today for the development of programs capable of producing highly skilled cartographers. Cartography is defined to include traditional cartography, computer cartography,…

  4. Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    The demand for cartographic products at scales of 1:25,000 to 1:250,000 continues to increase throughout the world in order to meet requirements associated with: the survey and management of natural resources; environmental planning; and the establishment of geo-referenced data bases. A satellite system involving the use of multispectral linear array (MLA) sensors designed to meet cartographic requirements in terms of the completeness of detail and geometric accuracy standards associated with mapping programs offers great promise for rapidly providing the data with which to produce four types of map products/and data. These include topographic maps; digital terrain information (x,y,z coordinates; thematic mapping; and image maps. Each type of cartographic product/data is briefly considered in relation to current needs.

  5. Blind Cartography for Side Channel Attacks: Cross-Correlation Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Sauvage

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Side channel and fault injection attacks are major threats to cryptographic applications of embedded systems. Best performances for these attacks are achieved by focusing sensors or injectors on the sensible parts of the application, by means of dedicated methods to localise them. Few methods have been proposed in the past, and all of them aim at pinpointing the cryptoprocessor. However it could be interesting to exploit the activity of other parts of the application, in order to increase the attack's efficiency or to bypass its countermeasures. In this paper, we present a localisation method based on cross-correlation, which issues a list of areas of interest within the attacked device. It realizes an exhaustive analysis, since it may localise any module of the device, and not only those which perform cryptographic operations. Moreover, it also does not require a preliminary knowledge about the implementation, whereas some previous cartography methods require that the attacker could choose the cryptoprocessor inputs, which is not always possible. The method is experimentally validated using observations of the electromagnetic near field distribution over a Xilinx Virtex 5 FPGA. The matching between areas of interest and the application layout in the FPGA floorplan is confirmed by correlation analysis.

  6. Polypeptide cartography of Spiroplasma taiwanense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphery-Smith, I; Guyonnet, F; Chastel, C

    1994-01-01

    Spiroplasma taiwanense is the first member of the Class Mollicutes to be subjected to polypeptide cartography using computerized image analysis. The small genome size characteristic of this group was shown to code for low numbers of polypeptides when compared to other bacterial species. Silver-stained two-dimensional electrophoresis gels, following separation by either isoelectric focusing and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (ISO-DALT) or nonequilibrium pH gradient electrophoresis (NEPHGE), were used to create databases from 10 and 6 gels, respectively, for each technique and produced, respectively, 263 and 287 replicated spots. Polypeptides were mapped with respect to molecular mass and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase carbamylation standards. Of interest was the unexpectedly high percentage (50.2%) of the total normalised optical intensity associated with all 263 spots detected by ISO-DALT electrophoresis, having been contributed by just 29 dominant protein spots. These 29 polypeptides are to be given priority in microsequencing and microanalysis aimed at their identification.

  7. Cartography and Geographic Information Science in Current Contents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Cartography and Geographic Information Science (CaGIS journal was published as The American Cartographer from 1974 to 1989, after that as Cartography and Geographic Information System, and since then has been published with its current name. It is published by the Cartography and Geographic Information Society, a member of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.

  8. Star Maps History, Artistry, and Cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2012-01-01

    Star Maps captures the beauty and awe of the heavens through celestial prints and star atlases. It traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of humanity's place in the universe. The text of this Second Edition is enriched with 263 photographs, 91 in color, showing images from actual antiquarian celestial books and atlases, each one with an explanation of its astronomical and cartographic features. This new edition of Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Cartography includes: - over 50 new pages of text and 44 new images (16 in color) - completely new sections on celestial frontispieces, deep-sky objects, playing card maps, additional cartographers, and modern computerized star maps - updated figures and text about celestial globes, volvelles, telescopes, and planets and asteroids - revised and updated text and illustrations throughout. The book focuses on the development of celestial cartography from ancient to modern times and describes the relationships between ...

  9. Knowledge Cartography for Open Sensemaking Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shum, Simon Buckingham; Okada, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge Cartography is the discipline of visually mapping the conceptual structure of ideas, such as the connections between issues, concepts, answers, arguments and evidence. The cognitive process of externalising one's understanding clarifies one's own grasp of the situation, as well as communicating it to others as a network that invites…

  10. Utilization of LANDSAT images in cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejesusparada, N. (Principal Investigator); Alburquerque, P. C. G.

    1981-01-01

    The use of multispectral imagery obtained from LANDSAT for mapping purposes is discussed with emphasis on geometric rectification, image resolution, and systematic topographic mapping. A method is given for constructing 1:250,000 scale maps. The limitations for satellite cartography are examined.

  11. Star maps history, artistry, and cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2007-01-01

    Traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of man''s place in the universe and to advances in map-making. This book features reproductions of maps from antiquarian celestial atlases and prints. It includes a legend for each illustration to explain its astronomical and cartographic features.

  12. Cartography, Geographic Information, and Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monmonier, Mark S.

    1982-01-01

    Cartography is undergoing a digital transition with geographic data becoming available in machine-readable form and with the diminishing need to draw and print maps in order to communicate information. This automation will force cartographers to concentrate upon the institutional aspects of information management. Implications for geographic…

  13. Concept Mapping and the Cartography of Cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wandersee, James H.

    1990-01-01

    Because concept maps are designed to find out what the learner knows about a subject and are, in effect, maps of cognition, this article synthesizes relevant facts, concepts, and principles from cartography and applies them to concept mapping. The metaphor of the map and its applicability for representing scientific concepts are discussed. (PR)

  14. Applications of Differential Geometry to Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benitez, Julio; Thome, Nestor

    2004-01-01

    This work introduces an application of differential geometry to cartography. The mathematical aspects of some geographical projections of Earth surface are revealed together with some of its more important properties. An important problem since the discovery of the 'spherical' form of the Earth is how to compose a reliable map of the surface of…

  15. GIS and Cartography: An Introduction Overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Technical Report concerns to some relevant concepts in Cartography and GIS. We will define terms and functions as scale, projection, cartographic syntaxes. We'll specify some Geographic Information, formats, sources... Finally, we will study about GIS applications and, specially, how CIEMAT is working with that, and what is the future of this technology. (Author) 71 refs

  16. Cartographie et éducation populaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ferretti, Federico

    2012-01-01

    Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes. Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographique Este a...

  17. Thematic cartography as a geographical application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drago Perko

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available A thematic map may be a geographical application (tool in itself or the basis for some other geographical work. The development of Slovene thematic cartography accelerated considerably following the independence of the country in 1991. From the viewpoint of content and technology, its greatest achievements are the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia and the National Atlas of Slovenia, which are outstanding achievements at the international level and of great significance for the promotion of Slovenia and Slovene geography and cartography. However, this rapid development has been accompanied by numerous problems, for example, the ignoring of various Slovene and international conventions for the preparation of maps including United Nations resolutions, Slovene and international (SIST ISO, and copyright laws.

  18. Operational Cartography Applied To Airborne Reconnaissance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, Jean-Loup; Demathieu, Pierre

    1985-12-01

    TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS 1.1. The requirements of the different armed forces 1.2. Available documents 2. BASIC EQUIPMENT AND METHODS 2.1. Long range oblique photography 2.2. Side looking antenna radar (SLAR) 2.3. Satellites 2.4. Processing 2.5. Production of maps and files 3. OPERATIONAL CARTOGRAPHY SYSTEMS 3.1. Combination of various data acquisitions 3.2. System architecture 3.3. Accuracy and performance

  19. Invitation to a Postmodern Reflection on Critical Social Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

    This document demonstrates how social cartography can be used in social research to include individuals and cultural clusters who want their own narratives included in the social discourse. Social cartography is defined as the creation of maps addressing questions of location in the social milieu. Visual images, depicting on the two dimensional…

  20. A computational framework for influenza antigenic cartography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhipeng Cai

    Full Text Available Influenza viruses have been responsible for large losses of lives around the world and continue to present a great public health challenge. Antigenic characterization based on hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay is one of the routine procedures for influenza vaccine strain selection. However, HI assay is only a crude experiment reflecting the antigenic correlations among testing antigens (viruses and reference antisera (antibodies. Moreover, antigenic characterization is usually based on more than one HI dataset. The combination of multiple datasets results in an incomplete HI matrix with many unobserved entries. This paper proposes a new computational framework for constructing an influenza antigenic cartography from this incomplete matrix, which we refer to as Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS. In this approach, we first reconstruct the HI matrices with viruses and antibodies using low-rank matrix completion, and then generate the two-dimensional antigenic cartography using multidimensional scaling. Moreover, for influenza HI tables with herd immunity effect (such as those from Human influenza viruses, we propose a temporal model to reduce the inherent temporal bias of HI tables caused by herd immunity. By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated from 1968 to 2003, we identified eleven clusters of antigenic variants, representing all major antigenic drift events in these 36 years. Our results showed that both the completed HI matrix and the antigenic cartography obtained via MC-MDS are useful in identifying influenza antigenic variants and thus can be used to facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection. The webserver is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap.

  1. A computational framework for influenza antigenic cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Zhipeng; Zhang, Tong; Wan, Xiu-Feng

    2010-10-07

    Influenza viruses have been responsible for large losses of lives around the world and continue to present a great public health challenge. Antigenic characterization based on hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay is one of the routine procedures for influenza vaccine strain selection. However, HI assay is only a crude experiment reflecting the antigenic correlations among testing antigens (viruses) and reference antisera (antibodies). Moreover, antigenic characterization is usually based on more than one HI dataset. The combination of multiple datasets results in an incomplete HI matrix with many unobserved entries. This paper proposes a new computational framework for constructing an influenza antigenic cartography from this incomplete matrix, which we refer to as Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS). In this approach, we first reconstruct the HI matrices with viruses and antibodies using low-rank matrix completion, and then generate the two-dimensional antigenic cartography using multidimensional scaling. Moreover, for influenza HI tables with herd immunity effect (such as those from Human influenza viruses), we propose a temporal model to reduce the inherent temporal bias of HI tables caused by herd immunity. By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated from 1968 to 2003, we identified eleven clusters of antigenic variants, representing all major antigenic drift events in these 36 years. Our results showed that both the completed HI matrix and the antigenic cartography obtained via MC-MDS are useful in identifying influenza antigenic variants and thus can be used to facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection. The webserver is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap.

  2. Plantar pressure cartography reconstruction from 3 sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abou Ghaida, Hussein; Mottet, Serge; Goujon, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    Foot problem diagnosis is often made by using pressure mapping systems, unfortunately located and used in the laboratories. In the context of e-health and telemedicine for home monitoring of patients having foot problems, our focus is to present an acceptable system for daily use. We developed an ambulatory instrumented insole using 3 pressures sensors to visualize plantar pressure cartographies. We show that a standard insole with fixed sensor position could be used for different foot sizes. The results show an average error measured at each pixel of 0.01 daN, with a standard deviation of 0.005 daN.

  3. 11th Conference on Cartography and Geoinformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available 8 – 10 May, 2015, Buzet, Croatia The Croatian Cartographic Society organized the 11th Conference on Cartography and Geoinformation in Buzet (Croatia from May 8 to 10, 2015. By organizing the conference during the International Map Year (IMY, the Croatian Cartographic Society wanted to contribute to the development of geoinformatics, cartography and related fields. A wide range of topics and renowned invited lecturers guaranteed interesting lectures and a contemporary approach. The conference was held in the Fontana hotel, situated in the centre of Buzet, a city in Istria with approximately 6000 inhabitants. Buzet is located in the northernmost continental part of Istria, between three large cities: Rijeka, Trieste and Pula. The area is very diverse, with altitudes from 10 m to more than 1000 m, meaning the climate varies significantly, from Mediterranean climate in the valley of Mirna River to continental climate in the mountainous part of Ćićarija. The old city of Buzet is located at 150 m high hill above the valley of Mirna, while the newer part of the city, Fontana, develops in the foothills. Buzet is famous for its truffles. The conference was endorsed by the International Cartographic Association – ICA, Croatian Academy of Engineering and the Istria County. The conference lasted for three days and there were about 60 participants.

  4. Planetary cartography in the next decade: Digital cartography and emerging opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Planetary maps being produced today will represent views of the solar system for many decades to come. The primary objective of the planetary cartography program is to produce the most complete and accurate maps from hundreds of thousands of planetary images in support of scientific studies and future missions. Here, the utilization of digital techniques and digital bases in response to recent advances in computer technology are emphasized.

  5. Geodesy and cartography. [of planet Mars surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Merton E.; Batson, Raymond M.; Wu, Sherman S. C.

    1992-01-01

    An overview of geodesy and cartography of Mars over the past century is presented. The modern exploration began with the Mariner 4, 6, and 7 flyby missions, followed by the Mariner 9 and Viking missions that mapped the entire surface of Mars. The primary modern changes to the coordinate system have led to improved measurements of the rotational period, the direction of the spin axis, and the size and shape of Mars. Planimetric mapping based on Mariner 9 pictures began with a 1:25-M-scale sheet and 30 1:5-M-scale sheets that covered the entire Martian surface. The quality of the Viking Orbiter pictures was greatly improved over Mariner 9 and led to the publication of 140 controlled photomosaic sheets at a scale of 1:2 M. Two digital data bases have been compiled for Mars - the digital image model and the digital terrain model.

  6. [Cartography of healthcare for pregnant women].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Raimunda Magalhães da; Costa, Milena Silva; Matsue, Regina Yoshie; Sousa, Girliani Silva de; Catrib, Ana Maria Fontenelle; Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza

    2012-03-01

    This work uses cartography as a method for mapping the trajectory of primary healthcare provided to pregnant women. The scope of the study comprises 9 Basic Healthcare Units located in the city of Juazeiro do Norte in the State of Ceará. In all, fifteen women in the 37th to 39th week of pregnancy were selected. Interviews were conducted with these women during the period from January to June 2010. The cartographic findings were depicted in stages in the flowchart, which exposed lacunas in prenatal healthcare, such as the low number of oncotic cytology exams conducted and the lack of educational counseling. Nevertheless, in the interviews, a significant number of pregnant women expressed satisfaction with the prenatal care provided. The good relationships developed between the healthcare professionals and the pregnant women were the main reason that led them to continue the treatment. This fact reinforces the importance of dialogue between these two actors for the success of prenatal healthcare.

  7. Cartography of affections in the Bragantine Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio José da Costa Brito

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This communication synthetically presents some elements of Jerônimo Silva e Silva’s ethnographic research. Actually it is the outlines of his doctoral thesis Cartography of affections in the encantaria: religious masters narratives from Bragantine Amazon. Silva lines out an ethnography via a cartographic flow having in mind to capture its live forces or movers. Using hermeneutics data from these narratives and living with some religious agents in situ – Pajé-Exorcista Cristino, Pajé Edvaldo, Mãe Terezinha, Mãe Lourdes, Rezadeira Luiza, Mãe Ana e Experiente Zé Maria – he unveils a plurality of relationships between people and incantation. Using some local technical concepts like corda (rope, linha (line, viração (breeze he discloses a rich social complexity in this religion of the incantation.

  8. Digital Cartography in the Royal Library -the National Library of Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Bäärnhielm

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Digital cartography - that is computer cartography - could be seen from several different viewpoints. Three aspects are important for libraries: digital map production, digital access and digital archiving.

  9. Lunar and planetary cartography in Russia

    CERN Document Server

    Shevchenko, Vladislav; Michael, Gregory

    2016-01-01

    This book is the first to document in depth the history of lunar and planetary cartography in Russia. The first map of the far side of the Moon was made with the participation of Lomonosov Moscow University (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, MSU) in 1960. The developed mapping technologies were then used in preparing the “Complete Map of the Moon” in 1967 as well as other maps and globes. Over the years, various maps of Mars have emerged from the special course “Mapping of extraterrestrial objects” in the MSU Geography Department, including the hypsometric map of Mars at a scale of 1:26,000,000, compiled by J.A. Ilyukhina and published in 2004 in an edition of 5,000 copies. A more detailed version of this map has since been produced with a new hypsometric scale. In addition, maps of the northern and southern hemispheres of Mars have been compiled for the hypsometric globe of Mars.  Relief maps of Venus were made in 2008, 2010, and 2011, and hypsometric maps of Phobos and Deimos at a scale of 1:60,000...

  10. API, Cloud computing, WebGIS and cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Favretto

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores some of the digital mapping processes available on the Internet in order to analyse their cartographic congruence. It will focus on WebGIS-based cartography in relation to what is produced using Mash-up site maps. These websites often use Googlebased maps in order to produce their own cartography. Thus, we can identify two main typologies of Internet mapping sites, which are characterized by the ownership or non-ownership of their cartographic bases. This paper will critically assess the cartography employed in the two different instances. A concise introduction to the Cloud Computing Internet propagated phenomenon is also premised in order to provide the reader with an accurate frame of reference. Cloud Computing has encouraged a significant Internet participation via the Application Programming Interface software (API, leading to mash-up cartographic websites.

  11. Cartography "LEAi" of the International Network of Universities Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa M. Ramírez Leyva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the project of Cartography "LEAi" which aims to create a cartographic information system on the actions, achievements and experiences of reading, writing and information literacy in the Mexican universities. The methodology behind the project is the social mappings, which allows information and systematize it. The project is based on the participatory action research. It includes the first results of the implementation of an electronic questionnaire to the first participants of the project are presented. The Cartography is part of the collaborative activities that encouraged the International Network of Universities Readers (RIUL.

  12. Mapping out Patience: Cartography, Cinema and W.G. Sebald

    OpenAIRE

    Taien Ng-Chan

    2015-01-01

    Cinematic cartography can be an especially powerful tool for deep mapping, as it can convey the narratives, emotions, memories and histories, as well as the locations and geography that are associated with a place. This is evident in the documentary film Patience (After Sebald) by Grant Gee, which follows in the footsteps of W.G. Sebald and his walking tour of Suffolk, England, as described in his book The Rings of Saturn. A variety of strategies in cinematic cartography are used quite consci...

  13. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo G Mattar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems-including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems-engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i stability vs. flexibility and (ii connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort

  14. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Marcelo G.; Cole, Michael W.; Thompson-Schill, Sharon L.; Bassett, Danielle S.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module) across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems—including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems—engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i) stability vs. flexibility and (ii) connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort, individual

  15. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Marcelo G; Cole, Michael W; Thompson-Schill, Sharon L; Bassett, Danielle S

    2015-12-01

    One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module) across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems-including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems-engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i) stability vs. flexibility and (ii) connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort, individual

  16. Hawaiian Performance Cartography of Kaua'i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akana, Kalani

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a discussion that examines Hawaiian performance cartography as described by Oliveira--but only as it relates to the island of Kaua'i. Section I begins with a chant asking permission to "enter" into the cultural landscape described in "mele" (songs) and "hula" (dance). Section II looks…

  17. Cartography and Population Geography as Current Events: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comenetz, Joshua

    2003-01-01

    The Sanders housing lawsuit in Pennsylvania provides a case study of how to incorporate current events into the teaching of cartography or population geography at the high school or college level. Settlement of the Sanders case resulted in the release of information about the segregation of public housing by race in the Pittsburgh area. The issues…

  18. Paradigm shift from cartography to geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2007-01-01

    This paper argues that the domain of GIS, cartography, geo-information etc. is facing a paradigm shift. The implication of a paradigm shift is a complete and necessary re-definition of e.g. the philosophical foundation of the system, as well as with a major upgrade and readjustment of procedures...

  19. Using Mental Map Principles to Interpret American Indian Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Martin D.

    2014-01-01

    The understanding of maps drawn or significantly influenced by American Indians fosters critical thinking, cultural diversity, and awareness of a much-neglected topic in cartography. Line styles, scale depiction, and the sizing of individual entities are discussed in the context of applying principles from mental maps to American Indian maps and…

  20. Social Cartographies as Performative Devices in Research on Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira Andreotti, Vanessa; Stein, Sharon; Pashby, Karen; Nicolson, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we review social cartography as a methodological approach to map and collectively engage diverse perspectives within the study of higher education. We illustrate the uses of this approach by drawing on our own experiences engaging it as part of an international research project about the effects of the convergence of globalization…

  1. From cartography of the Universe to molecular cartography – the use of map projections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pędzich Paweł

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Map projections are very important in the compilation of various types of maps and spatial databases. Geographical information systems provide their users with the significant opportunities in the choice of map projections, coordinate systems, their definitions and transitions between them. The role of map projection can be considered depending on an objective, for which a map has to be used, user of this map and a form of its publication. The Internet, mobile devices and GIS caused that the map projections are used for two main purposes: data visualization and performing of calculations and analyses. The role of map projections is still important, despite the changes occurring in cartography. The rules for the applications of map projections developed over the centuries are still valid. However, the new rules resulting from the new functions of map projections are also created. The aim of this article, that is the author’s overview of map projections, is to illustrate the broad spectrum of applications for the map projections.

  2. Introduction à la cartographie des génomes complexes

    OpenAIRE

    Cribiu, Edmond; Schibler, Laurent

    2000-01-01

    Les technologies mises en place dans le cadre des projets sur les génomes humain et murin ont stimulé le développement de la cartographie des espèces d’intérêt agronomique. Des cartes ont été construites pour les ruminants, le porc, le cheval et le poulet, permettant de localiser des gènes d’intérêt agronomique ou des QTL (quantitative trait loci) chez ces espèces. Ces travaux de cartographie génétique, cytogénétique et physique devraient se révéler être des outils indispensables pour le clon...

  3. Maps and civilization cartography in culture and society

    CERN Document Server

    Thrower, Norman J W

    2008-01-01

    In this concise introduction to the history of cartography, Norman J. W. Thrower charts the intimate links between maps and history from antiquity to the present day. A wealth of illustrations, including the oldest known map and contemporary examples made using Geographical Information Systems (GIS), illuminate the many ways in which various human cultures have interpreted spatial relationships.The third edition of Maps and Civilization incorporates numerous revisions, features new material throughout the book, and includes a new alphabetized bibliography. Praise for previous editions of Maps and Civilization:"A marvelous compendium of map lore. Anyone truly interested in the development of cartography will want to have his or her own copy to annotate, underline, and index for handy referencing."-L. M. Sebert, Geomatica

  4. Value Assessment in Managing Cartography and Geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2006-01-01

    and the management in modern cartography and in modern geo-spatial communication projects. It was recognized that there was a lack of adequate theories, models, methods and tech-niques. This forced the cartographers and the project managers to lock several parameters to well known values. One example...... is that the prevalent processes for design revision, if any, were based on historical conditions. Previously it was common praxis to make changes in each separate step of the whole process without recognizing the overall aspects of the entire process or the entire project. The aim of the project was to create...... a standard that leads to conscious choices and decisions about both contents and form in modern cartography. The project has developed a comprehensive model allowing simultaneous, systematic and controlled optimization of all recognised parame-ters. This model is called ‘Value Model’, and it is now...

  5. P ORTOLAN: a Model-Driven Cartography Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Mahe, Vincent; Doux, Guillaume; Brunelière, Hugo; Cabot, Jordi

    2011-01-01

    Processing large amounts of data to extract useful information is an essential task within companies. To help in this task, visualization techniques have been commonly used due to their capacity to present data in synthesized views, easier to understand and manage. However, achieving the right visualization display for a data set is a complex cartography process that involves several transformation steps to adapt the (domain) data to the (visualization) data format expected by visualization tools. To maximize the benefits of visualization we propose Portolan, a generic model-driven cartography framework that facilitates the discovery of the data to visualize, the specification of view definitions for that data and the transformations to bridge the gap with the visualization tools. Our approach has been implemented on top of the Eclipse EMF modeling framework and validated on three different use cases.

  6. Assessing population exposure for landslide risk analysis using dasymetric cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ricardo A. C.; Oliveira, Sergio C.; Zezere, Jose L.

    2015-04-01

    Exposed Population is a major topic that needs to be taken into account in a full landslide risk analysis. Usually, risk analysis is based on an accounting of inhabitants number or inhabitants density, applied over statistical or administrative terrain units, such as NUTS or parishes. However, this kind of approach may skew the obtained results underestimating the importance of population, mainly in territorial units with predominance of rural occupation. Furthermore, the landslide susceptibility scores calculated for each terrain unit are frequently more detailed and accurate than the location of the exposed population inside each territorial unit based on Census data. These drawbacks are not the ideal setting when landslide risk analysis is performed for urban management and emergency planning. Dasymetric cartography, which uses a parameter or set of parameters to restrict the spatial distribution of a particular phenomenon, is a methodology that may help to enhance the resolution of Census data and therefore to give a more realistic representation of the population distribution. Therefore, this work aims to map and to compare the population distribution based on a traditional approach (population per administrative terrain units) and based on dasymetric cartography (population by building). The study is developed in the Region North of Lisbon using 2011 population data and following three main steps: i) the landslide susceptibility assessment based on statistical models independently validated; ii) the evaluation of population distribution (absolute and density) for different administrative territorial units (Parishes and BGRI - the basic statistical unit in the Portuguese Census); and iii) the dasymetric population's cartography based on building areal weighting. Preliminary results show that in sparsely populated administrative units, population density differs more than two times depending on the application of the traditional approach or the dasymetric

  7. Cell biology of the future: Nanometer-scale cellular cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taraska, Justin W

    2015-10-26

    Understanding cellular structure is key to understanding cellular regulation. New developments in super-resolution fluorescence imaging, electron microscopy, and quantitative image analysis methods are now providing some of the first three-dimensional dynamic maps of biomolecules at the nanometer scale. These new maps--comprehensive nanometer-scale cellular cartographies--will reveal how the molecular organization of cells influences their diverse and changeable activities.

  8. The future of human cerebral cartography: a novel approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frackowiak, Richard; Markram, Henry

    2015-05-19

    Cerebral cartography can be understood in a limited, static, neuroanatomical sense. Temporal information from electrical recordings contributes information on regional interactions adding a functional dimension. Selective tagging and imaging of molecules adds biochemical contributions. Cartographic detail can also be correlated with normal or abnormal psychological or behavioural data. Modern cerebral cartography is assimilating all these elements. Cartographers continue to collect ever more precise data in the hope that general principles of organization will emerge. However, even detailed cartographic data cannot generate knowledge without a multi-scale framework making it possible to relate individual observations and discoveries. We propose that, in the next quarter century, advances in cartography will result in progressively more accurate drafts of a data-led, multi-scale model of human brain structure and function. These blueprints will result from analysis of large volumes of neuroscientific and clinical data, by a process of reconstruction, modelling and simulation. This strategy will capitalize on remarkable recent developments in informatics and computer science and on the existence of much existing, addressable data and prior, though fragmented, knowledge. The models will instantiate principles that govern how the brain is organized at different levels and how different spatio-temporal scales relate to each other in an organ-centred context.

  9. Mapping out Patience: Cartography, Cinema and W.G. Sebald

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taien Ng-Chan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cinematic cartography can be an especially powerful tool for deep mapping, as it can convey the narratives, emotions, memories and histories, as well as the locations and geography that are associated with a place. This is evident in the documentary film Patience (After Sebald by Grant Gee, which follows in the footsteps of W.G. Sebald and his walking tour of Suffolk, England, as described in his book The Rings of Saturn. A variety of strategies in cinematic cartography are used quite consciously in Gee’s exploration of space, place and story. Using Teresa Castro’s three cartographic shapes of cinema, I structure an analysis of the film’s opening scene through a discussion of cinematic cartography, or the plotting of geospatial data onto a map, as well as what I will differentiate as cartographic cinema, or the mapping of space through the cinematographic image. I argue that both are necessary not only to have a deep understanding of the world and our place in it, but also in how to transmit that knowledge to others.

  10. Impossible cartographies: approaching Raúl Ruiz’s cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goddard

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Raúl Ruiz (1931-2011, while considered one of the world’s most significant filmmakers by several film critics, is yet to be the subject of any thorough academic engagement with his work in English. My book Impossible Cartographies sets out on this task by mapping, as fully as possible, Ruiz’s cinematic trajectory across more than five decades of prolific work ranging from his earliest work in Chile to high budget ‘European’ costume dramas culminating in the recent Mysteries of Lisbon (2010. It does this by treating Ruiz’s work, with its surrealist, magic realist, popular cultural and neo-Baroque sources, as a type of ‘impossible’ cinematic cartography, mapping real, imaginary and virtual spaces, and crossing between different cultural contexts, aesthetic strategies, and technical media. In argues that across the different phases of Ruiz’s work identified, there are key continuities such as the invention of singular cinematic images and the interrogation of their possible and impossible combinations. This article will present some of the key themes of Ruiz’s cinema and use ideas of virtual cartography, tableaux vivants and the neo-baroque to illuminate a range of Ruiz’s films from the Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting (1978 to Mysteries of Lisbon, his last major project.

  11. Use of antigenic cartography in vaccine seed strain selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouchier, Ron A M; Smith, Derek J

    2010-03-01

    Human influenza A viruses are classic examples of antigenically variable pathogens that have a seemingly endless capacity to evade the host's immune response. The viral hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) proteins are the main targets of our antibody response to combat infections. HA and NA continuously change to escape from humoral immunity, a process known as antigenic drift. As a result of antigenic drift, the human influenza vaccine is updated frequently. The World Health Organization (WHO) coordinates a global influenza surveillance network that, by the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay, routinely characterizes the antigenic properties of circulating strains in order to select new seed viruses for such vaccine updates. To facilitate a quantitative interpretation and easy visualization of HI data, a new computational technique called "antigenic cartography" was developed. Since its development, antigenic cartography has been applied routinely to assist the WHO with influenza surveillance activities. Until recently, antigenic variation was not considered a serious issue with influenza vaccines for poultry. However, because of the diversification of the Asian H5N1 lineage since 1996 into multiple genetic clades and subclades, and because of the long-term use of poultry vaccines against H5 in some parts of the world, this issue needs to be re-addressed. The antigenic properties of panels of avian H5N1 viruses were characterized by HI assay, using mammalian or avian antisera, and analyzed using antigenic cartography methods. These analyses revealed antigenic differences between circulating H5N1 viruses and the H5 viruses used in poultry vaccines. Considerable antigenic variation was also observed within and between H5N1 clades. These observations have important implications for the efficacy and long-term use of poultry vaccines.

  12. Gis-Based Smart Cartography Using 3d Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinverni, E. S.; Tassetti, A. N.

    2013-08-01

    3D City Models have evolved to be important tools for urban decision processes and information systems, especially in planning, simulation, analysis, documentation and heritage management. On the other hand existing and in use numerical cartography is often not suitable to be used in GIS because not geometrically and topologically correctly structured. The research aim is to 3D structure and organize a numeric cartography for GIS and turn it into CityGML standardized features. The work is framed around a first phase of methodological analysis aimed to underline which existing standard (like ISO and OGC rules) can be used to improve the quality requirement of a cartographic structure. Subsequently, from this technical specifics, it has been investigated the translation in formal contents, using an owner interchange software (SketchUp), to support some guide lines implementations to generate a GIS3D structured in GML3. It has been therefore predisposed a test three-dimensional numerical cartography (scale 1:500, generated from range data captured by 3D laser scanner), tested on its quality according to the previous standard and edited when and where necessary. Cad files and shapefiles are converted into a final 3D model (Google SketchUp model) and then exported into a 3D city model (CityGML LoD1/LoD2). The GIS3D structure has been managed in a GIS environment to run further spatial analysis and energy performance estimate, not achievable in a 2D environment. In particular geometrical building parameters (footprint, volume etc.) are computed and building envelop thermal characteristics are derived from. Lastly, a simulation is carried out to deal with asbestos and home renovating charges and show how the built 3D city model can support municipal managers with risk diagnosis of the present situation and development of strategies for a sustainable redevelop.

  13. Localisation et cartographie simultannées avec vision monoculaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lemaire, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Cette thèse aborde le problème de localisation et cartographie simultanée pour un robot mobile. Lorsque le robot évolue dans un environnement inconnu, il doit construire une carte au fur et à mesure qu'il explore le monde, tout en se localisant dans celle-ci. De l'anglais Simultaneous Localisation And Mapping, le SLAM est une brique essentielle de l'architecture d'un robot autonome. Plusieurs éléments sont nécessaires à la résolution du SLAM, en particulier la perception de l'environnement pe...

  14. Cerebral cartography--a method for visualizing cortical structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holländer, I

    1995-01-01

    We present a method for visualizing the human cortex on one planar map. The data are taken from a 3D MRI study. Ray tracing with non-parallel rays is used to project the cortical relief onto a non-planar projection surface, which is in turn mapped onto the plane by cartographical projection. Two modifications of the method are proposed: the spherical mapping uses a sphere as the projection surface; the model-based mapping uses an analytically defined model of the scalp to generate the normal vectors. The cerebral cartography can be used for example for producing anatomical reference maps on which EEG measurement data can be superimposed.

  15. Cartographie par carroyage et précision spatiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice LANGLOIS

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre d'une cartographie par carroyage, on étudie la désagrégation de variables zonales, en revenant sur l'hypothèse de l'équirépartition spatiale des populations. L'objectif est d'approcher des règles différenciées de désagrégation des variables en fusionnant des plans d'information de nature morphologique, topologique et environnementale.

  16. Mathematical Definitions of Point, Line and Area Symbols in Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Wenzhan; ZHONG Yexun; PENG Yueying; ZHENG Hongbo

    2003-01-01

    The line cartographic symbol located on the boundary and the point cartographic symbol located by single point are the main body and stress of the map. The cartographic symbols are divided into point, line and area symbol in cartography and traditional educational books, but up to now there is only qualitative description about the three kinds of symbols, there are not the mathematical definitions of point, line and area symbols. This paper tries to solve the problem. The authors propose the mathematical definition about point,line and area cartographic symbol according to the theory of topology and expound their dependence relation.

  17. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2009-01-01

    Maps, either printed or digital, can create effective communication with bosses, clients, other scientists, and the public. However, entry level GISers often find that map design was given short shrift in their pre-professional life. It is time for the GIS field, which is maturing in other ways, to improve its skills in this area. Based on the author's more than ten years of research and practice in map design, GIS Cartography: A Guide to Effective Map Design provides the tools to create truly sophisticated maps. Packed full of in-depth information and advice, this book covers all facets of ma

  18. Mathematics in the Classroom: Conceptual Cartography of Differential Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Lourdes RODRÍGUEZ PERALTA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a documentary investigation with the intention of substantiate how and why, and the level and depth of the topics used by the teacher in the classroom for the development of the mathematical knowledge on the part of higher level engineering students. The analysis of the mathematical object was made through the construction of conceptual cartography, being the core of the derivative concept. To construct the axes, the socio-formative theory of Sergio Tobón was used, together with the semiotic representation register of Raychmond Duval and Tall's mathematical advanced thought in the engineering context. The topic is a part of the Unit of learning: Differential and Integral Calculus. This corresponds to the first semester. The course lasts for a semester and is intended for students aged between 18 and 20 years. The research shows that by constructing a conceptual cartography involving at least 8 axes of analysis that the socio-formation orientates, and taking mathematics in the context of careers offered by the educational institution, the teacher is allowed to place the thematic content in the appropriate level and depth, guiding in a possible treatment of knowledge to be brought into the classroom.

  19. Classifying and mapping wetlands and peat resources using digital cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Cornelia C.; Emery, David A.

    1992-01-01

    Digital cartography allows the portrayal of spatial associations among diverse data types and is ideally suited for land use and resource analysis. We have developed methodology that uses digital cartography for the classification of wetlands and their associated peat resources and applied it to a 1:24 000 scale map area in New Hampshire. Classifying and mapping wetlands involves integrating the spatial distribution of wetlands types with depth variations in associated peat quality and character. A hierarchically structured classification that integrates the spatial distribution of variations in (1) vegetation, (2) soil type, (3) hydrology, (4) geologic aspects, and (5) peat characteristics has been developed and can be used to build digital cartographic files for resource and land use analysis. The first three parameters are the bases used by the National Wetlands Inventory to classify wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States. The fourth parameter, geological aspects, includes slope, relief, depth of wetland (from surface to underlying rock or substrate), wetland stratigraphy, and the type and structure of solid and unconsolidated rock surrounding and underlying the wetland. The fifth parameter, peat characteristics, includes the subsurface variation in ash, acidity, moisture, heating value (Btu), sulfur content, and other chemical properties as shown in specimens obtained from core holes. These parameters can be shown as a series of map data overlays with tables that can be integrated for resource or land use analysis.

  20. Planetary Cartography as Integral Discipline in Planetary Sciences: From Planetary Mapping to Map Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, A.; van Gasselt, S.; Hargitai, H.; Hare, T.; Manaud, N.; Karachevtseva, I.; Kersten, E.; Roatsch, T.; Wählisch, M.; Kereszturi, A.

    2016-06-01

    Cartography is one of the most important communication channels between users of spatial information and laymen as well as the open public alike. We invite colleagues to discuss concepts and topics for joint future collaboration and research.

  1. Industries dangereuses et planification: cartographier les risques technologiques majeurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine GLATRON

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Rendue obligatoire depuis 1987, la prévision des risques majeurs est entrée dans le domaine de la planification urbaine. Il est donc nécessaire d’en dresser la cartographie la plus exhaustive possible pour établir un document de référence permettant de prendre ces risques en considération lors de toute action d’aménagement. Une première tentative cartographique a été réalisée sur SIG pour les risques technologiques, à titre exploratoire, étant donné les difficultés rencontrées d’une part pour la collecte des informations relatives aux impacts d’éventuels accidents, d’autre part pour faire accepter l’affichage exhaustif des risques majeurs.

  2. Industries dangereuses et planification: cartographier les risques technologiques majeurs

    OpenAIRE

    Sandrine GLATRON

    1995-01-01

    Rendue obligatoire depuis 1987, la prévision des risques majeurs est entrée dans le domaine de la planification urbaine. Il est donc nécessaire d’en dresser la cartographie la plus exhaustive possible pour établir un document de référence permettant de prendre ces risques en considération lors de toute action d’aménagement. Une première tentative cartographique a été réalisée sur SIG pour les risques technologiques, à titre exploratoire, étant donné les difficultés rencontrées d’une part pour...

  3. MARKET ANALYSIS AND POTENTIAL OF UAV SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING &CARTOGRAPHY IN ECOLOGY, AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Prakul; National Aerospace University “KhAI”; Muneshwar, Rajesh N.; National Aerospace University “KhAI”

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes recent research into Aerial Photography, Cartography and Monitoring Capa-bilities and Technologies of UAV products currently available into the market. It reviews advancement of small electric powered unmanned air vehicle (UAV) capabilities. Specifically, topics under consideration were Aerial photography and its two uses, Cartography and Monitoring within the context of proposed exploitation of UAV for Planning, control and management in Agriculture, Forestry and Ecology...

  4. From Planetary Mapping to Map Production: Planetary Cartography as integral discipline in Planetary Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, Andrea; van Gasselt, Stephan; Hargitai, Hendrik; Hare, Trent; Manaud, Nicolas; Karachevtseva, Irina; Kersten, Elke; Roatsch, Thomas; Wählisch, Marita; Kereszturi, Akos

    2016-04-01

    Cartography is one of the most important communication channels between users of spatial information and laymen as well as the open public alike. This applies to all known real-world objects located either here on Earth or on any other object in our Solar System. In planetary sciences, however, the main use of cartography resides in a concept called planetary mapping with all its various attached meanings: it can be (1) systematic spacecraft observation from orbit, i.e. the retrieval of physical information, (2) the interpretation of discrete planetary surface units and their abstraction, or it can be (3) planetary cartography sensu strictu, i.e., the technical and artistic creation of map products. As the concept of planetary mapping covers a wide range of different information and knowledge levels, aims associated with the concept of mapping consequently range from a technical and engineering focus to a scientific distillation process. Among others, scientific centers focusing on planetary cartography are the United State Geological Survey (USGS, Flagstaff), the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK, Moscow), Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE, Hungary), and the German Aerospace Center (DLR, Berlin). The International Astronomical Union (IAU), the Commission Planetary Cartography within International Cartographic Association (ICA), the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), the WG IV/8 Planetary Mapping and Spatial Databases within International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) and a range of other institutions contribute on definition frameworks in planetary cartography. Classical cartography is nowadays often (mis-)understood as a tool mainly rather than a scientific discipline and an art of communication. Consequently, concepts of information systems, mapping tools and cartographic frameworks are used interchangeably, and cartographic workflows and visualization of spatial information in thematic maps have often been

  5. Using systems biology to simplify complex disease: immune cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polpitiya, Ashoka D; McDunn, Jonathan E; Burykin, Anton; Ghosh, Bijoy K; Cobb, J Perren

    2009-01-01

    What if there was a rapid, inexpensive, and accurate blood diagnostic that could determine which patients were infected, identify the organism(s) responsible, and identify patients who were not responding to therapy? We hypothesized that systems analysis of the transcriptional activity of circulating immune effector cells could be used to identify conserved elements in the host response to systemic inflammation, and furthermore, to discriminate between sterile and infectious etiologies. We review herein a validated, systems biology approach demonstrating that 1) abdominal and pulmonary sepsis diagnoses can be made in mouse models using microarray (RNA) data from circulating blood, 2) blood microarray data can be used to differentiate between the host response to Gram-negative and Gram-positive pneumonia, 3) the endotoxin response of normal human volunteers can be mapped at the level of gene expression, and 4) a similar strategy can be used in the critically ill to follow septic patients and quantitatively determine immune recovery. These findings provide the foundation of immune cartography and demonstrate the potential of this approach for rapidly diagnosing sepsis and identifying pathogens. Further, our data suggest a new approach to determine how specific pathogens perturb the physiology of circulating leukocytes in a cell-specific manner. Large, prospective clinical trails are needed to validate the clinical utility of leukocyte RNA diagnostics (e.g., the riboleukogram).

  6. Spatial-Frequency Azimuthally Stable Cartography of Biological Polycrystalline Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Ushenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new azimuthally stable polarimetric technique processing microscopic images of optically anisotropic structures of biological tissues histological sections is proposed. It has been used as a generalized model of phase anisotropy definition of biological tissues by using superposition of Mueller matrices of linear birefringence and optical activity. The matrix element M44 has been chosen as the main information parameter, whose value is independent of the rotation angle of both sample and probing beam polarization plane. For the first time, the technique of concerted spatial-frequency filtration has been used in order to separate the manifestation of linear birefringence and optical activity. Thereupon, the method of azimuthally stable spatial-frequency cartography of biological tissues histological sections has been elaborated. As the analyzing tool, complex statistic, correlation, and fractal analysis of coordinate distributions of M44 element has been performed. The possibility of using the biopsy of the uterine wall tissue in order to differentiate benign (fibromyoma and malignant (adenocarcinoma conditions has been estimated.

  7. Using the principles of interactive cartography to communicate the mechanisms of migraine pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ardis; Wilson-Pauwels, Linda; Mazierski, David; Wall, Shelley

    2008-01-01

    The program entitled 'Mapping Migraine Pain' was created based on the principles of interactive cartography to communicate the complexity of the mechanisms of migraine pain. An innovative zoom slider was developed to enhance spatial orientation and comprehension of multiple scales of information from the anatomical to the cellular and molecular levels. Think-aloud protocols were conducted with ten undergraduate first-year medical students to evaluate the significance and usability of the program. The zoom slider, based on interactive cartography, proved to be an effective and intuitive navigational element.

  8. [The symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk: an incursion into the thinking of Boaventura de Sousa Santos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevalho, Gil; Stotz, Eduardo

    2012-09-01

    Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the concept of epidemiological risk is critically discussed. The work of Elizabeth Teixeira, who uses the ideas of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, is presented. The proposal for symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk is sketched out, defining analytical scales ranging from exteriority and distancing from the field of science to the proximity of territory and place, conceptualized on the basis of the geography of Milton Santos, in which conceptions of risk are drawn up from the perspective of the everyday routine of social existence. Questions relating to space, territoriality, subjectivity and time give meaning to a cartography of risk which is proposed as a model for epidemiological investigations.

  9. Cartography for lunar exploration: 2008 status and mission plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, R.L.; Archinal, B.A.; Gaddis, L.R.; Rosiek, M.R.

    2008-01-01

    The initial spacecraft exploration of the Moon in the 1960s-70s yielded extensive data, primarily in the form of film and television images, which were used to produce a large number of hardcopy maps by conventional techniques. A second era of exploration, beginning in the early 1990s, has produced digital data including global multispectral imagery and altimetry, from which a new generation of digital map products tied to a rapidly evolving global control network has been made. Efforts are also underway to scan the earlier hardcopy maps for online distribution and to digitize the film images so that modern processing techniques can be used to make high-resolution digital terrain models (DTMs) and image mosaics consistent with the current global control. The pace of lunar exploration is accelerating dramatically, with as many as eight new missions already launched or planned for the current decade. These missions, of which the most important for cartography are SMART-1 (Europe), Kaguya/SELENE (Japan), Chang'e-1 (China), Chandrayaan-1 (India), and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (USA), will return a volume of data exceeding that of all previous lunar and planetary missions combined. Framing and scanner camera images, including multispectral and stereo data, hyperspectral images, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, and laser altimetry will all be collected, including, in most cases, multiple data sets of each type. Substantial advances in international standardization and cooperation, development of new and more efficient data processing methods, and availability of resources for processing and archiving will all be needed if the next generation of missions are to fulfill their potential for high-precision mapping of the Moon in support of subsequent exploration and scientific investigation.

  10. The Space of Cartography (en inglés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Carrascal Aguirre

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract“All perceiving is also thinking, all reasoning is also intuition, all observation is also invention” Rudolph Arnheim Among the places found inside contemporary cities, a certain  kind of space exists, the importance of which is often   overlooked, even by those who are charged with creating them. This could be explained by the fact that, singularly, these spaces  do not have a specific location, since they are in essence symbolic or conceptual in character. I am referring to our way of graphically representing our environment: maps. As will soon be explained, the map in itself is a place that substitutes the reality that it represents. It is a surrogate space that operates fundamentally through analogy and abstraction.The production and use of this type of space carries important  implications in the configuration of our physical environment at any scale, be it that of a project, a city or the land. The transformative capacity of cartographic activity will be comparable  here to project design, refuting the usual conception about both as having essentially different natures; project design is usually seen as being dynamic in character and tinged with specific actions leading to a transformation of the environment over time, while maps are reduced to being a static projection of an existing physical reality onto a smaller surface. The fundamental idea behind putting maps and projects on the same level rests on the fact that any form of spatial representation entails an exercise of acting upon the  represented object.Key wordsplace, cartography, landscape, abstraction, geometry

  11. Quelques conditions pour une sémiotique de la cartographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaëtan DESMARAIS

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie, satisfaisant aux cinq conditions empruntées à Hjelmslev et étudiées ici en détail pour rendre compte de sa structure, fonctionne bien comme un langage. On peut donc l'aborder selon les méthodes de la sémiologie.

  12. A Spatial Turn in Comparative Education? Constructing a Social Cartography of Difference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulston, Rolland G.

    This paper responds to Martin Jay's imaginative proposal to "map...scopic regimes, or visual cultures." The intent in the paper was to demonstrate how such a reflexive "social cartography," or heuristic device might serve to identify and visualize difference within and between disputatious intellectual communities in a way that would open space…

  13. "The History of Cartography" by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward free on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-01-01

    The first part of well known The History of Cartography, edited by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward, was published in 1987. The second part, consisted of three books, was being published during the next 11 years. Since recently, all four books have been available for free, on the Internet (http://press.uchicago.edu/books/HOC/index.html).

  14. Destroying the Art of Cartography: Teaching Illustrations Using ArcView.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Miriam Helen

    Introductory courses in Geographic Information Systems and cartography cover the fundamentals of map design. Students are given guidelines for producing a good map, but visual demonstrations are much more impressive. ArcView was used to produce illustrations of bad mapping practices and placed in a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation to demonstrate…

  15. Participation of the Czech Geodesy and Cartography Office in nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The organization of geodetic and cartographic work during nuclear power plant construction is described, and funding requirements for instrumentation are listed. The Czech Geodesy and Cartography Office also provides scientific research work whose results affect the quality, speed and cost of building and assembly efforts at nuclear power plants. (E.J.). 3 refs

  16. Cartography of Varaždin, The Exhibition, Varaždin City Museum, November 24-28, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivka Kljajić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Croatian Cartographic Society in collaboration with the Varaždin City Museum, the State Geodetic Administration and the National and University Library organized the exhibition Cartography of Varaždin within the 1st Croatian NSDI and INSPIRE Day and the Cartography and Geoinformation conference. The exhibition was held at the Varaždin City Museum in the Herczer Palace, and it lasted from November 24 to 28, 2009.

  17. Conceptual design and implementation of tutorials for app development in the context of the lecture 'Mobile Cartography'

    OpenAIRE

    Hartl, Maximilian

    2012-01-01

    Mobile applications are becoming more and more important in the daily life and offer interesting and completely new aspects to the field of cartography. The technological possibilities provided by computer science have had a large impact on cartography and therefore cartographers must be familiar with the development of software to present geographic information and make it accessible. With the recent rise of mobile devices like smartphones, it is inevitable that this has to include mobile pl...

  18. Kartographie im Spannungsfeld expliziter und impliziter Forschung [Cartography as a cross-cutting area between explicit and implicit research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Hruby

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last years, various new paradigms for cartography have been proposed in the subject's scholarly literature. This article discusses the heterogeneous formulations of these cartographic paradigms in the light of the original conception of the term paradigm by Thomas Kuhn. In accordance with Kuhn, the call for a new paradigm of cartography shall be interpreted as an expression of dissatisfaction about the discipline's current capabilities to solve subject-relevant problems. In terms of Kuhn, we can call this situation a crisis. Evidence for a crisis can be found, on the one hand, in scientific literature of cartography – e.g. by means of ambiguities of cartographic key-concepts. On the other hand, questions within the traditional scope of cartography have been picked up by young disciplines like Visual Analytics during the last years. The main reason for this assumed crisis is seen in increasing disparities between cartographic theory and the potentials of cartographic practise, which also has an effect on cartography's scientific self-conception as a mediator between its users and reality. In the course of this article, the above-mentioned disparities will be explored from different angles and finally structured in the form of a triadic semiotic model, which may offer a sustainable framework to answer some of the raised questions on explicit and implicit cartography.

  19. Participation of Employees and Students of the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography in Polar Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasik, Mariusz; Adamek, Artur; Rajner, Marcin; Kurczyński, Zdzisław; Pachuta, Andrzej; Woźniak, Marek; Bylina, Paweł; Próchniewicz, Dominik

    2016-06-01

    This year the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology celebrates its 95th jubilee, which provides an opportunity to present the Faculty's rich traditions in polar research. Employees and students of the faculty for almost 60 years have taken part in research expeditions to the polar circle. The article presents various studies typical of geodesy and cartography, as well as miscellany of possible measurement applications and geodetic techniques used to support interdisciplinary research. Wide range of geodetic techniques used in polar studies includes classic angular and linear surveys, photogrammetric techniques, gravimetric measurements, GNSS satellite techniques and satellite imaging. Those measurements were applied in glaciological, geological, geodynamic, botanical researches as well as in cartographic studies. Often they were used in activities aiming to ensure continuous functioning of Polish research stations on both hemispheres. This study is a short overview of thematic scope and selected research results conducted by our employees and students.

  20. Perception of colour scales used in thematic cartography by young people aged 15-17

    OpenAIRE

    Barbora Musilová

    2013-01-01

    There are many different types of datasets represented by maps in thematic cartography. It is possible to represent features and phenomenon referencing to area as well as to point. Furthermore, it is possible to represent qualitative data as well as quantitative data. There are many different ways to represent them. One of the most important and most used cartographic symbols of lettering is colour, resp. colour scales, which are chosen according to shown data. This article is focused ...

  1. Education Pape r: De velopment of an International Master Program in Cartography and Geoinformatics

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, S.; J. M. Krisp; L. Meng

    2010-01-01

    The ongoing technological development since the introduction of computerized data processing and increased access to the Internet has increasingly blurred the boundaries among the individual disciplines in the geo-sciences. As a consequence, some traditionally interdisciplinary areas, such as geoinformatics and cartography, have become particularly active or partly revitalized. In this paper we document the establishment of a new cooperative International Master Program in “Cartog...

  2. Artificial Neural Network Technology: for the Classification and Cartography of Scientific and Technical Information

    OpenAIRE

    Polanco, Xavier; François, Claire; Keim, Jean-Pierre

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of multivariate data analysis: NEURODOC applies the axial k-means method for automatic, non-hierarchical cluster analysis and a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for representing the clusters on a map. We next introduce Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to extend NEURODOC into a neural platform for the cluster analysis and cartography of bibliographic data. The ANNs tested are: the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART 1), a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), and a...

  3. 25th International Conference on the History of Cartography (ICHC2013, Helsinki, Finland, June 30 – July 5, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Viličić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The 25th International Conference on the History of Cartography was held in the Marina congress centre in Helsinki, capital of Finland, from June 30 to July 5, 2013. The conference was organized by the Cartographic Society of Finland in collaboration with Imago Mundi Ltd. Partners in organization were the National Land Survey of Finland, National Library of Finland, John Nurminen Foundation, University of Helsinki, Aalto University, National Archives of Finland, Geographical Society of Finland, National Museum of Finland, Chartarum Amici, University of Jyväskylä, City of Helsinki and City of Espoo. The conference theme was Four Elements – The Essentials of the History of Cartography. In ancient times, Universe was thought to consist of four elements. Earth, air, fire and water, as main themes, symbolize basic elements in the history of cartography and its importance in representing nature and our worldview.

  4. The creation in question: a brief cartography of a theoretical course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tais Rodrigues Dassoler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of discussions produced during a theoretical course aboutcreativity in advertising. Instead of teaching how to create, the proposal of the course was to question what characterizes creation. Departing from this question, the route of a theoretical cartography is presented, trough the deconstruction of the idea of creation, the advertising device is shown in its creative demands. Mobilizing different theoretical perspectives, the text approaches creativity’s myth when problematizes the concept of authorship and presents creation as becomings produced by the very advertising device.

  5. [Introduction to a social cartography: the journal Revista de Saúde Pública, 1967 to 1977].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Maurici Tadeu Ferreira Dos; Gomes, Mara Helena de Andréa; Silveira, Cássio

    2016-01-26

    Through reliance on a social cartography method based on Karl Mannheim's sociology of knowledge, the article analyzes the first ten issues of Revista de Saúde Pública, published by the University of São Paulo. Articles and editorials are mapped in order to understand the period's transformations. In the realm of the journal's editorial line, tensions are noted between complying with the principles of the institution and international transformations, which demanded an openness to interdisciplinary topics. Special focus is placed on sub-fields, dominated by an epidemiology that was in flux as it absorbed new knowledge in the context of the formation of the field of public health. PMID:27276044

  6. Modified areal cartography in auditory cortex following early- and late-onset deafness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Carmen; Chabot, Nicole; Kok, Melanie A; Lomber, Stephen G

    2014-07-01

    Cross-modal plasticity following peripheral sensory loss enables deprived cortex to provide enhanced abilities in remaining sensory systems. These functional adaptations have been demonstrated in cat auditory cortex following early-onset deafness in electrophysiological and psychophysical studies. However, little information is available concerning any accompanying structural compensations. To examine the influence of sound experience on areal cartography, auditory cytoarchitecture was examined in hearing cats, early-deaf cats, and cats with late-onset deafness. Cats were deafened shortly after hearing onset or in adulthood. Cerebral cytoarchitecture was revealed immunohistochemically using SMI-32, a monoclonal antibody used to distinguish auditory areas in many species. Auditory areas were delineated in coronal sections and their volumes measured. Staining profiles observed in hearing cats were conserved in early- and late-deaf cats. In all deaf cats, dorsal auditory areas were the most mutable. Early-deaf cats showed further modifications, with significant expansions in second auditory cortex and ventral auditory field. Borders between dorsal auditory areas and adjacent visual and somatosensory areas were shifted ventrally, suggesting expanded visual and somatosensory cortical representation. Overall, this study shows the influence of acoustic experience in cortical development, and suggests that the age of auditory deprivation may significantly affect auditory areal cartography.

  7. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries, Part 7: Philosophy behind a Map: Macrobius, A.D. 1483.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1992-01-01

    Describes the first map to divide the globe into five symmetrical climatic zones. Discusses Ambrosius Macrobius's map as a statement of earthly limitations rather than physical reality. Suggests its significance for teaching world history is as an example of deductive cartography that influenced and challenged late medieval Christian thought. (DK)

  8. Fonds et tréfonds dans la cartographie minière américaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available À l'époque coloniale, le plan des grandes mines est dessiné de façon plus figurative que symbolique. Au XIXe siècle, le cadastre minier trace les contours des multiples concessions. Aujourd'hui les techniques modernes simplifient une cartographie qui se précise au service du grand capital.

  9. GIS and Cartography: An Introductory Overview; Breve Introduccion a la Cartografia y a los Sistemas de Informacion Geografica (SIG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez, J. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    This Technical Report concerns to some relevant concepts in Cartography and GIS. We will define terms and functions as scale , projection, cartographic syntaxes. We'll specify some Geographic Information, formats, sources... Finally, We will study about GIS applications and, special, how CIEMAT is working with that, and what is the future of this technology. (Author) 71 refs.

  10. In situ localization of epidermal stem cells using a novel multi epitope ligand cartography approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruetze, Martin; Gallinat, Stefan; Wenck, Horst; Deppert, Wolfgang; Knott, Anja

    2010-06-01

    Precise knowledge of the frequency and localization of epidermal stem cells within skin tissue would further our understanding of their role in maintaining skin homeostasis. As a novel approach we used the recently developed method of multi epitope ligand cartography, applying a set of described putative epidermal stem cell markers. Bioinformatic evaluation of the data led to the identification of several discrete basal keratinocyte populations, but none of them displayed the complete stem cell marker set. The distribution of the keratinocyte populations within the tissue was remarkably heterogeneous, but determination of distance relationships revealed a population of quiescent cells highly expressing p63 and the integrins alpha(6)/beta(1) that represent origins of a gradual differentiation lineage. This population comprises about 6% of all basal cells, shows a scattered distribution pattern and could also be found in keratinocyte holoclone colonies. The data suggest that this population identifies interfollicular epidermal stem cells.

  11. Anti-Machiavellian Rancière: Aesthetic Cartography, Sites of Incommensurability and Processes of Experimentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Fjeld

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I argue that Rancière’s philosophy is anti-Machiavellian in the sense that his distinction between police and politics is not an originary division, but rather a gap in the sensible fabric of society. He thus moves from politics as a theory of agency to an aesthetic cartography of situations. It is a question of mapping the emergence of a political problem within a singular situation, and the ethics of such mapping is the insistence on the irreducible contingency of an existential choice of the problem. I will elaborate some new concepts (“sites of incommensurability,” “experimentation,” “fragmentation of social space” and specify how the three logics of identification, dis-identification, and over-identification are three ways of constructing and dealing with situated problems.

  12. Cartographie fine d'un gène et clonage positionnel

    OpenAIRE

    Eggen, Andre

    2000-01-01

    Le clonage positionnel consiste à identifier un gène d’intérêt à partir de la seule connaissance de sa localisation chromosomique. Cette stratégie est utilisée lorsqu’il n’existe aucun gène candidat évident ou aucun défaut biochimique spécifique. Elle comprend une localisation primaire, faite généralement par une analyse de liaison classique, puis une cartographie fine de la région d’intérêt permettant de réduire progressivement l’intervalle critique contenant le gène, d’identifier un ensembl...

  13. Observation spatiale et SIG: des outils pour cartographier les zones sensibles aux mouvements de terrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Yves SCANVIC

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les niveaux de sensibilité des sols aux mouvements de terrain ont été cartographiés dans différents bassins de risques en Bolivie, en Colombie et à Taïwan, selon une méthodologie développée au BRGM et fondée en partie sur l’extraction visuelle et numérique d’informations contenues dans les données de télédétection spatiale stéréoscopiques et leur gestion-valorisation dans un SIG. Ces cartes font apparaître l’intérêt de l’imagerie Spot pour la gestion du risque naturel.

  14. ArCEs - A digital archive of Italian Colonial Cartography and Scientific Expeditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Calloud

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ArcCEs is a study for developing a digital archive about Italian scientific expeditions in Northern and Eastern Africa and the former Italian colonies (19th-20th century. The aim of the project is to assess, protect and enhance an important corpus of documents (historical cartographies, photographs, scientific papers and archive documents distributed in public archives and private collections. The database structure is based on Dublin Core metadata standard. The information system is designed to integrate and make interoperable digital resources, to ensure standardized and complex indexing, to support advanced retrieval, according to the standards in use. The geolocation of the resources in a GIS environment can display query results in Google Earth environment.

  15. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Le Guyader

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France, difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique, le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de passagers est identifié, quantifié et cartographié pour une année.

  16. Comptabilité et cartographie : apports d'une métaphore

    OpenAIRE

    Chatelain-Ponroy, Stéphanie; Vidal, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Nonobstant l'utilisation répandue de l'expression "langage comptable", la comptabilité ne répond pas à toutes les caractéristiques attribuées à un langage par les linguistes. Elle n'est en effet pas un moyen de communication général, et il n'existe pas de langue comptable orale au-delà du vocabulaire spécialisé, du jargon d'experts. Une autre branche de la sémiologie retient l'attention de celui qui cherche à donner une définition imagée de la comptabilité : la cartographie. Alors que la méta...

  17. Voyager cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.; Lee, E. M.; Mullins, K. F.

    1987-01-01

    The Jovian and Saturnian satellites are being mapped at several scales from Voyager 1 and 2 data. The maps are especially formatted color mosaics, controlled photomosaics, and airbrush maps. At 1:5,000,000 scale, mapping of Io, Europa, and Ganymede is complete. At 1:15,000,000 scale, mapping of Io and Europa is complete, and mapping of Ganymede is approximately complete. A controlled mosaic of Rhea has been compiled as a Digital Image Model (DIM) in the same format as is being used for Mars. The mosaic is being formatted for publication as a two-sheet set (Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area, Mercator, and Polar Stereographic projections). Magnetic tape copies of the DIM have been distributed to regional Planetary Image Facilities and other interested users. The DIM has a scale of 1/16 degree/pixel, corresponding to approximately 833 m/pixel on Rhea. Details of the status of the various map series are reported quarterly to Planetary Geology Principal Investigators.

  18. Venus cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.; Kirk, R. L.; Edwards, Kathleen; Morgan, H. F.

    1994-01-01

    The entire surface of the planet Venus is being mapped at global and regional scales (1:50 million through 1:1.5 million) with synthetic aperture radar (SAR), radar altimeter, and radiometer measurements of physical properties from the Magellan spacecraft. The mapping includes SAR image mosaics, shaded relief maps, and topographic contour overlays made from altimetry data and by radargrammetric methods. Methods used include new techniques of radar image processing that became operational as a result of the Magellan mission. Special cartographic support products prepared by the USGS include: synthetic stereograms, color thematic maps of physical properties, digital shaded relief maps from opposite-look SAR, and topographic maps by radargrammetry. The area being mapped (at a resolution of 75 m/pixel) is roughly equivalent to that of Earth, including seafloors. The mapping is designed to support geologic and geophysical investigations.

  19. Flooded area cartography and damage assessment from the combined use of Landsat TM and ANNs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alouene, Yosra; Petropoulos, George P.

    2013-04-01

    Use of Earth Observation (EO) data has generally shown a very promising potential in performing rapidly and cost-effectively mapping as well as damage assessment in different types of natural hazards, including floods. The recent technological progress in remote sensing has resulted to the development of a vast number of image processing techniques applied to different types of EO data in performing flooded area mapping and damage assessment. When optical EO data is used for this purpose supervised image classification is regarded as one of the most widely exploited approaches employed for this purpose. In the present study we evaluated the use of different classifiers based on Artificial Neural Network (ANNs) in obtaining flooded area cartography and performing a damage assessment when those combined with optical multispectral data from Landsat TM. In this context, the inclusion of different spectral layers derived from the processing of the original TM bands for improving the estimation of the flooded area was explored. A flooding event occurred in 2010 in Evros river - located north of Greece - was used as a case study. Accuracy of ANN-derived flooded area estimates was based on the error matrix statistics but also statistical comparisons performed against corresponding estimates obtained from the Greek local authorities. Damage assessment was performed on the basis of land use/cover information derived from CORINE2000. Results generally evidenced the capability of the ANNs in obtaining cartography of the flooded area and in performing a flooding damage assessment when combined with the TM imagery. The inclusion of the additional spectral information showed variable results in terms of improving the accuracy of the flooded area extraction. From all scenarios examined, most accurate results in terms of flooded area mapping were obtained when the original TM spectral bands were combined with the Tasseled Cap additional bands. Keywords: flooded area mapping

  20. On the compatibility of a proposed explanation of the Pioneer anomaly with the cartography of the solar system

    CERN Document Server

    Ranada, Antonio F

    2009-01-01

    We analyze here the reasons why an explanation of the Pioneer anomaly proposed by the authors is fully compatible with the cartography of the solar system. First, this proposal posits that the phenomenon is an apparent acceleration, not a real one, caused by a progressive desynchronization of the astronomical and the atomic clock-times, after they had been synchronized at a previous instant. The desynchronization could be caused by a coupling between the background gravitation and the quantum vacuum. Therefore, the standard argument for the incompatibility of the Pioneer acceleration and the values of the planets' orbits radii cannot be applied. Second, this proposal gives exactly the same results for radar ranging observations as standard physics. Hence, it cannot be in conflict with the very precise cartography of the solar system determined by NASA's Viking mission. Otherwise stated, while this proposal predicts apparent changes in the velocities of the spaceships and in the frequencies of Doppler observat...

  1. Détermination de cartographies des pénétrations en soudage par laser YAG

    OpenAIRE

    Grevey, D.; Andrzejewski, H.; Boudot, C.

    1994-01-01

    Il a été possible d'établir des cartographies permettant de déterminer la pénétration obtenue dans un matériau donné et ce en fonction de quatre paramètres : la puissance moyenne, la fluence, l'irradiance et la durée d'interaction laser-matière. Ces cartographies sont établies à partir d'un calcul numérique monodimensionnel de transfert thermique prenant en compte l'effet de la pression de radiation des photons. Ensuite les évolutions calculées ont été validées expérimentalement grâce à des e...

  2. LIBS for tokamak plasma facing components characterisation: Perspectives on in situ tritium cartography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Semerok, A., E-mail: alexandre.semerok@cea.fr [CEA, DEN, DPC/SEARS/LISL, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Grisolia, C. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2013-08-21

    Feasibility of in situ LIBS remote measurements with the plasma facing components (PFCs) from the European tokamaks (TORE SUPRA, CEA Cadarache, France and TEXTOR, Julich, Germany) has been studied in laboratory using Q-switched nanosecond Nd–YAG lasers. LIBS particular properties and optimal parameters were determined for in-depth PFCs characterisation. The LIBS method was in situ tested on the Joint European Torus (JET) in the UK with the EDGE LIDAR Laser System (Ruby laser, 3 J, 690 nm wavelength, 300 ps pulse duration, intensity up to 70 GW/cm{sup 2}). Several analytical spectral lines of H, CII, CrI, and BeII in plasma were observed and identified in 400–600 nm spectral range with the optimised LIBS and detection system. The LIBS in-depth cartography is in agreement with the surface properties of the tile under analysis, thus confirming feasibility of in situ LIBS. Further LIBS technique improvements required to provide tritium concentration measurements more accurately are discussed.

  3. Three-dimensional cartography of hematopoietic clusters in the vasculature of whole mouse embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokomizo, Tomomasa; Dzierzak, Elaine

    2010-11-01

    Hematopoietic cell clusters in the aorta of vertebrate embryos play a pivotal role in the formation of the adult blood system. Despite their importance, hematopoietic clusters have not been systematically quantitated or mapped because of technical limitations posed by the opaqueness of whole mouse embryos. Here, we combine an approach to make whole mouse embryos transparent, with multicolor marking, to allow observation of hematopoietic clusters using high-resolution 3-dimensional confocal microscopy. Our method provides the first complete map and temporal quantitation of all hematopoietic clusters in the mouse embryonic vasculature. We show that clusters peak in number at embryonic day 10.5, localize to specific vascular subregions and are heterogeneous, indicating a basal endothelial to non-basal (outer cluster) hematopoietic cell transition. Clusters enriched with the c-Kit(+)CD31(+)SSEA1(-) cell population contain functional hematopoietic progenitors and stem cells. Thus, three-dimensional cartography of transparent mouse embryos provides novel insight into the vascular subregions instrumental in hematopoietic progenitor/stem cell development, and represents an important technological advancement for comprehensive in situ hematopoietic cluster analysis.

  4. A New Era in Geodesy and Cartography: Implications for Landing Site Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, T. C.

    2001-01-01

    The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) global dataset has ushered in a new era for Mars local and global geodesy and cartography. These data include the global digital terrain model (Digital Terrain Model (DTM) radii), the global digital elevation model (Digital Elevation Model (DEM) elevation with respect to the geoid), and the higher spatial resolution individual MOLA ground tracks. Currently there are about 500,000,000 MOLA points and this number continues to grow as MOLA continues successful operations in orbit about Mars, the combined processing of radiometric X-band Doppler and ranging tracking of MGS together with millions of MOLA orbital crossover points has produced global geodetic and cartographic control having a spatial (latitude/longitude) accuracy of a few meters and a topographic accuracy of less than 1 meter. This means that the position of an individual MOLA point with respect to the center-of-mass of Mars is know to an absolute accuracy of a few meters. The positional accuracy of this point in inertial space over time is controlled by the spin rate uncertainty of Mars which is less than 1 km over 10 years that will be improved significantly with the next landed mission.

  5. [Cartography as an instrument in epidemiology: methodologic considerations for the new Swiss cancer atlas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bopp, M

    1989-01-01

    Maps not following the syntactical rules of the graphical language entail the risk of being misunderstood. Maps aim at demonstrating spatial patterns and visualizing dividing lines. Representation of tabular values is not a principal goal. Maps should be "seen" as a whole, not be "read" element by element. Some technical aspects of cartography are discussed (distortion of information, grouping of data, adequacy and use of colour). The guidelines for the new Swiss cancer atlas are based on these general principles. A continuous-shading technique avoiding class intervals is being used. It allows the combination of maps and diagrams of different aggregations of the same data using a common shading scale. Indications of significance are integrated into all figures. Geographical maps are enriched by diagrams showing data for 9 cities, 5 language regions, for a grouping by size of community and for a socioeconomical classification of regions. The universal shading scale enables to compare the figures separately and crossways. Relationships not apparent in a traditional map might be revealed.

  6. Murine whole-organ immune cell populations revealed by multi-epitope-ligand cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckhardt, Jenny; Ostalecki, Christian; Kuczera, Katarzyna; Schuler, Gerold; Pommer, Ansgar J; Lechmann, Matthias

    2013-02-01

    Multi-epitope-ligand cartography (MELC) is an innovative high-throughput fluorescence microscopy-based method. A tissue section is analyzed through a repeated cycling of (1) incubation with a fluorophore-labeled antibody, (2) fluorescence imaging, and (3) soft bleaching. This method allows staining of the same tissue section with up to 100 fluorescent markers and to analyze their toponomic expression using further image processing and pixel-precise overlay of the corresponding images. In this study, we adapted this method to identify a large panel of murine leukocyte subpopulations in a whole frozen section of a peripheral lymph node. Using the resulting antibody library, we examined non-inflamed versus inflamed tissues of brain and spinal cord in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model. The presence and activity of specific leukocyte subpopulations (different T cell subpopulations, dendritic cells, macrophages, etc.) could be assessed and the cellular localizations and the corresponding activation status in situ were investigated. The results were then correlated with quantitative RT-PCR.

  7. Cartography of cell morphology in tomato pericarp at the fruit scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legland, D; Devaux, M-F; Bouchet, B; Guillon, F; Lahaye, M

    2012-07-01

    In fleshy fruits, the variability of cell morphology at the fruit scale is largely unknown. It presents both a huge variability and a high level of organization. Better knowledge of cell morphology heterogeneity within the fruit is necessary to understand fruit development, to model fruit mechanical behaviour, or to investigate variations of physico-chemical measurements. A generic approach is proposed to build cartographies of cell morphology at the fruit scale, which depict regions corresponding to different cell morphologies. The approach is based on: (1) sampling the whole fruit at known positions; (2) imaging and quantifying local cell morphology; (3) pooling measurements to take biological variability into account and (4) projecting results in a morphology model of the whole fruit. The result is a synthetic representation of cell morphology variations within the whole fruit. The method was applied to the characterization of cell morphology in tomato pericarp. Two different imaging scales that provided complementary descriptions were used: 3D confocal microscopy and macroscopy. The approach is generic and can be adapted to other fruits or other products.

  8. Electroencephalographic cartography. II. By means of statistical group studies-activation by visual attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etevenon, P; Tortrat, D; Benkelfat, C

    1985-01-01

    10 male volunteers, right-handers, mean age 30.4 years, were recorded in four successive sequences: under 'eyes closed' conditions, right and then left hemisphere, followed by an 'eyes open' situation with visual attention fixed on a cartoon, right and then left hemisphere recordings. Each EEG recording was made simultaneously over 16 EEG channels for each hemisphere, according to a protocol previously described as well as Fourier analysis and EEG mapping on a minicomputer (HP 5451 C, HP 1000). Each EEG recording was stored on a cartography data base, and 90 maps could be drawn from 10 spectral parameters applied to the raw EEG and 5 frequency bands. Permutation paired Fisher tests were applied to three main EEG parameters: mean centroid frequencies, RMS amplitudes in microvolts and relative (%) amplitudes. Activation of EEG in the 'eyes open' situation during visual fixation was found compared to the 'eyes closed' situation: decreasing dominant EEG frequency and low delta and theta mean frequencies, no change in a mean alpha frequency; increasing fast mean beta frequencies, together with a major decrease in theta, alpha, beta 1 amplitudes, and a concomitant increase in raw EEG, delta and beta 2 amplitudes. Finally, the percent alpha amplitude was decreased when other percent amplitudes were increased in delta, theta, beta 1 and beta 2 frequency bands. A symmetry between hemispheres was observed in the 'eyes closed' situation. Averaged EEG maps between subjects illustrate these findings, especially relative (%) alpha amplitude maps and also maps of coefficients of resonance of the alpha rhythm.

  9. Diffraction cartography: applying microbeams to macromolecular crystallography sample evaluation and data collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowler, Matthew W; Guijarro, Matias; Petitdemange, Sebastien; Baker, Isabel; Svensson, Olof; Burghammer, Manfred; Mueller-Dieckmann, Christoph; Gordon, Elspeth J; Flot, David; McSweeney, Sean M; Leonard, Gordon A

    2010-08-01

    Crystals of biological macromolecules often exhibit considerable inter-crystal and intra-crystal variation in diffraction quality. This requires the evaluation of many samples prior to data collection, a practice that is already widespread in macromolecular crystallography. As structural biologists move towards tackling ever more ambitious projects, new automated methods of sample evaluation will become crucial to the success of many projects, as will the availability of synchrotron-based facilities optimized for high-throughput evaluation of the diffraction characteristics of samples. Here, two examples of the types of advanced sample evaluation that will be required are presented: searching within a sample-containing loop for microcrystals using an X-ray beam of 5 microm diameter and selecting the most ordered regions of relatively large crystals using X-ray beams of 5-50 microm in diameter. A graphical user interface developed to assist with these screening methods is also presented. For the case in which the diffraction quality of a relatively large crystal is probed using a microbeam, the usefulness and implications of mapping diffraction-quality heterogeneity (diffraction cartography) are discussed. The implementation of these techniques in the context of planned upgrades to the ESRF's structural biology beamlines is also presented.

  10. Antigenic Cartography of H9 Avian Influenza Virus and Its Application to Vaccine Selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yue; Davidson, Irit; Fouchier, Ron; Spackman, Erica

    2016-05-01

    Vaccination is frequently used as a control method for the H9 subtype of low pathogenicity avian influenza virus (AIV), which is widespread in Asia and the Middle East. One of the most important factors for selecting an effective vaccine strain is the antigenic match between the hemagglutinin protein of the vaccine and the strain circulating in the field. To demonstrate the antigenic relationships among H9 AIVs, with a focus on Israeli H9 isolates, antigenic cartography was used to develop a map of H9 AIVs. Based on their antigenic diversity, three isolates from Israel were selected for vaccination-challenge studies: 1) the current vaccine virus, A/chicken/Israel/215/2007 H9N2 (Ck/215); 2) A/chicken/Israel/1163/2011 H9N2 (Ck/1163); and 3) A/ostrich/Israel/1436/2003 (Os/1436). A 50% infective dose (ID50) model was used to determine the effect of the vaccines on susceptibility to infection by using a standardized dose of vaccine. Sera collected immediately prior to challenge showed that Ck/215 was the most immunogenic, followed by Ck/1163 and Os/1436. A significant difference in ID50 was only observed with Ck/215 homologous challenge, where the ID50 was increased by 2 log 10 per bird. The ID50 for Ck/1163 was the same, regardless of vaccine, including sham vaccination. The ID50 for Os/1436 was above the maximum possible dose and therefore could not be established.

  11. Cartographies of the Voice: Storying the Land as Survivance in Native American Oral Traditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanna Yi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how Native places are made, named, and reconstructed after colonization through storytelling. Storying the land is a process whereby the land is invested with the moral and spiritual perspectives specific to Native American communities. As seen in the oral traditions and written literature of Native American storytellers and authors, the voices of indigenous people retrace and remap cartographies for the land after colonization through storytelling. This article shows that the Americas were storied by Native American communities long before colonial contact beginning in the fifteenth century and demonstrates how the land continues to be storied in the present as a method of decolonization and cultural survivance. The article examines manifestations of the oral tradition in multiple forms, including poetry, interviews, fiction, photography, and film, to demonstrate that the land itself, through storytelling, becomes a repository of the oral tradition. The article investigates oral narratives from precontact and postcolonial time periods and across numerous nations and geographical regions in the Americas, including stories from the Mayan Popol Vuh; Algonkian; Western Apache; Hopi; Haudenosaunee/Iroquois; and Laguna Pueblo stories; and the contemporary poetry and fiction of Joy Harjo (Mvskoke/Creek Nation and Leslie Marmon Silko (Laguna Pueblo.

  12. Comparative Multi-Epitope-Ligand-Cartography reveals essential immunological alterations in Barrett's metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertram Wiedenmann

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Barrett's esophagus (BE is caused by gastroesophageal reflux with consecutive mucosal inflammation, predisposing patients to the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC. We investigated changes in T cell-related mucosal combinatorial molecular protein patterns in both diseases using the novel Multi-Epitope-Ligand-Cartography, a unique robotic whole-cell imaging technology that simultaneously visualizes dozens of proteins in structurally intact tissues and correlates cellular localization of proteins with function. Results Biopsies were taken during endoscopy from BE, EAC, and normal control tissue, and proteomic microscopy was performed on 32 different epitopes. When the significance level was set to p For example, the number of activated apoptotic naïve and memory T cells was significantly increased only in BE, whereas the number of activated apoptotic helper and regulatory T cells was significantly elevated in BE and EAC. In contrast, the number of activated apoptotic cytotoxic T cells was significantly elevated only in EAC. Confirming different pathways in BE and EAC, the number of T lymphocytes with p53 expression and downregulation of bcl2 expression (CD3+p53+Bcl2-NfkB- was significantly increased in EAC compared to BE and controls. Interestingly, the number of precursor T cells (CD7+ was significantly elevated only in EAC. These cells lack Bax and caspase-8, suggesting impaired apoptosis in the early stages of T cell differentiation. Conclusion Proteomic analysis showed for the first time that proteins, which are critically involved in the mucosal immune system of the esophagus, are distinctly expressed in BE and EAC, whereas others are comparably altered in both diseases, suggesting that many pathogenic events might be shared by both diseases. Topological proteomic analysis, therefore, helps us to understand the different pathogenic events in the underlying disease pathways.

  13. An empirically-derived taxonomy of interaction primitives for interactive cartography and geovisualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Robert E

    2013-12-01

    Proposals to establish a 'science of interaction' have been forwarded from Information Visualization and Visual Analytics, as well as Cartography, Geovisualization, and GIScience. This paper reports on two studies to contribute to this call for an interaction science, with the goal of developing a functional taxonomy of interaction primitives for map-based visualization. A semi-structured interview study first was conducted with 21 expert interactive map users to understand the way in which map-based visualizations currently are employed. The interviews were transcribed and coded to identify statements representative of either the task the user wished to accomplish (i.e., objective primitives) or the interactive functionality included in the visualization to achieve this task (i.e., operator primitives). A card sorting study then was conducted with 15 expert interactive map designers to organize these example statements into logical structures based on their experience translating client requests into interaction designs. Example statements were supplemented with primitive definitions in the literature and were separated into two sorting exercises: objectives and operators. The objective sort suggested five objectives that increase in cognitive sophistication (identify, compare, rank, associate, & delineate), but exhibited a large amount of variation across participants due to consideration of broader user goals (procure, predict, & prescribe) and interaction operands (space-alone, attributes-in-space, & space-in-time; elementary & general). The operator sort suggested five enabling operators (import, export, save, edit, & annotate) and twelve work operators (reexpress, arrange, sequence, resymbolize, overlay, pan, zoom, reproject, search, filter, retrieve, & calculate). This taxonomy offers an empirically-derived and ecologically-valid structure to inform future research and design on interaction.

  14. EEG cartography of a night of sleep and dreams. A longitudinal study with provoked awakenings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etevenon, P; Guillou, S

    1986-01-01

    A night of sleep has been recorded under the conditions of a sleep laboratory. The subject was a woman of 55 years, well-trained in dream recall. The subject was awakened three times at the end of sleep cycles. EEG was monitored for 7 h with a 16-channel polygraph (REEGA 16, Alvar) connected to two systems of EEG cartography: minicomputers (HP Fourier Analyser 5451 C and HP 1000) and a microinformatic system (Cartovar, Alvar). A second 8-channel polygraph (Mini-huit, Alvar) was used in parallel for polygraphy (EOG, EMG, respiration, actogram, EKG). Based on immediate visual inspection of EEG and polygraphic tracings, 500 EEG recordings of selected epochs (of 6, 30 or 60 s length) have been quantified, submitted on-line to spectral analysis (on Cartovar) and stored on floppy disks for further printing of EEG maps. The 16 EEG channels were placed over the scalp according to the 10/20 system and following Giannitrapani's placement. We have chosen a common average electrode. For each of the 500 EEG epochs, four EEG maps were edited (raw EEG between 0 and 30 Hz, 0 and 7 Hz, 8 and 12 Hz, 13 and 30 Hz). Each of these 2,000 maps has been checked visually in comparison with the polygraphic recordings for visual rejection of artifacts or transitory states. The remaining EEG epochs and EEG maps, scored by 2 independent trained sleep scorers, were classified into stages I, II, III-IV, and REM, apart from control runs of active wakefulness with eyes open (EO) and quiet wakefulness with eyes closed (EC), which were undertaken on mini- and microsystems of EEG analysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  15. Mapping of methane from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, K. C.; Lim, H. S.; MatJafri, M. Z.

    2012-11-01

    Among all the greenhouse gases, methane is the most dynamic and abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. The global concentrations of atmospheric methane has increased more than doubled since pre-industrial times, with a current globally-averaged mixing ratio of ~ 1750 ppbv. Due to its high growth rate, methane brings significant effects on climate and atmospheric chemistry. There has a significant gap for variables between anthropogenic and natural sources and sinks of methane. Satellite observation of methane has been identified that it can provide the precise and accurate data globally, which sensitive to the small regional biases. We present measurements from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) included on the European environmental satellite ENVISAT, launched on 1st of March 2002. Main objective of this study is to examine the methane distribution over Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY level-3 data. They are derived from the near-infrared nadir observations of the SCIAMACHY at the University of Bremen through scientific WFM-DOAS retrieval algorithm version 2.0.2.Maps of time averaged (yearly, tri-monthly) methane was generated and analyzed over Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2003 using PCI Geomatica 10.3 image processing software. The maps show dry-air column averaged mixing ratios of methane (denoted XCH4). It was retrieved using the interpolation technique. The concentration changes within boundary layer at all altitude levels are equally sensitive through the SCIAMACHY near-infrared nadir observations. Hence, we can make observation of methane at surface source region. The results successfully identify the area with highest and lowest concentration of methane at Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY data. Therefore, the study is suitable to examine the distribution of methane at tropical region.

  16. Total ozone column distribution over peninsular Malaysia from scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography (SCIAMACHY)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, K. C.; Lim, H. S.; MatJafri, M. Z.

    2012-10-01

    Increasing of atmospheric ozone concentrations have received great attention around the whole because of its characteristic, in order to degrade air quality and brings hazard to human health and ecosystems. Ozone, one of the most pollutants source and brings a variety of adverse effects on plant life and human being. Continuous monitoring on ozone concentrations at atmosphere provide information and precautions for the high ozone level, which we need to be established. Satellite observation of ozone has been identified that it can provide the precise and accurate data globally, which sensitive to the small regional biases. We present measurements from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) included on the European environmental satellite ENVISAT, launched on 1st of March 2002. Main objective of this study is to examine the ozone distribution over Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY level-2 of total ozone column WFMD version 1.0 with spatial resolution 1° x 1.25°. Maps of time averaged (yearly, tri-monthly) ozone was generated and analyzed over Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2003 using PCI Geomatica 10.3 image processing software. It was retrieved using the interpolation technique. The concentration changes within boundary layer at all altitude levels are equally sensitive through the SCIAMACHY nearinfrared nadir observations. Hence, we can make observation of ozone at surface source region. The results successfully identify the area with highest and lowest concentration of ozone at Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY data. Therefore, the study is suitable to examine the distribution of ozone at tropical region.

  17. Mapping archaeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from Potaissa to Napoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORIN FODOREAN

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Mapping archeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from potaissa to Napoca. We aim to analyze and correct several archaeological and historical data regarding some settlements included in an official document, issued by the Ministry of Culture from Romania, entitled the List of Historical Monuments (Lista Monumentelor Istorice / LMI. We focused our attention on the Roman road from Potaissa to Napoca, the main imperial road of Dacia. We described the route of the Roman road and corrected the old information in the list of historical monuments regarding the discoveries within the territory of the village of Aiton. Methodologically, we used data from the old literature, the modern Austro-Hungarian maps from the XVIIIth and the XIXth centuries, information from regional gazetteers and different journals. We aimed to offer new insights regarding the accurate location of these settlements and to debate upon the spatial relations of these settlements and their position within the landscape of Dacia. At the beginning of the study, we presented the present situation concerning the databases in Romania covering archaeological sites. The second part of our study discusses how the archaeological sites are recorded in the list of historical monuments. Then we offered several case studies This type of methodological approach will be applied in the future for other areas, in order to reconstruct the former landscape of the province of Dacia, as accurately as possible, using digital tools and modern maps. Our contribution also improved the quality of the data sets used for the topographical descriptions of archaeological sites in Romania.

  18. Characterization and cartography of topsoil hydraulic properties in a French mountainous peri-urban catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Braud, I.; Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Dehotin, J.; Branger, F.; Lagouy, M.

    2009-04-01

    Due to the increase of urbanization and modification of agricultural practices, peri-urban areas experiment a quick change in land use. The impact of such change on the catchment hydrological cycle must be quantified. To achieve this goal, distributed hydrological models offer the ability to take into account land use change, and more specifically its effect on surface infiltration capacity. A distributed assessment of infiltration properties and their variability at the catchment scale is thus of great importance if accurate simulation of the water balance are expected on such catchments. This paper presents a field campaign conducted in a 7 km2 peri-urban catchment, located in the "Mont du Lyonnais" area, close to the city of Lyon (France) in order to document the topsoil hydraulic properties. The sampling strategy was set up in order to sample the largest number of soil/land use combinations. The locations were chosen from a GIS analysis based on the overlapping of the pedology and land use maps, and accessibility consideration. At each location, two types of infiltration tests were performed: infiltration tests under suction using mini-disk infiltrometers and single ring infiltration tests under positive head. Three replicates were performed for each method. Particle size data and organic matter analysis were also conducted at each location. Results will be discussed in terms of soil hydraulic properties and particle size data statistics. Relationship with external factors such as pedological unit, land use, slope, texture will be explored. Preliminary results show that forest and pasture soils exhibit the highest hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity. In order to provide models with values at the modelling unit scale (field and/or sub-catchment scale), existing pedotransfer function will be assessed and if necessary calibrated using the local measurements. Finally a methodology for the cartography of the soil hydraulic properties will be proposed.

  19. Cartografia do cuidado na saúde da gestante Cartography of healthcare for pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimunda Magalhães da Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Utilizou-se a cartografia como método para mapear a trajetória do cuidado à gestante no serviço da atenção básica. O campo de estudo foram nove Unidades Básicas de Saúde do Município de Juazeiro do Norte (CE. Participaram 15 mulheres que estavam entre 37 e 39 semanas de gestação, com as quais foram realizadas entrevistas nos meses de janeiro a junho de 2010. Os achados da cartografia foram descritos em etapas no fluxograma e revelaram lacunas no serviço do pré-natal, tais como o número reduzido da realização do exame da citologia oncótica e o déficit de atividades educativas. Observou-se, entretanto, certa resolubilidade na assistência à gestante, pois vários depoimentos demonstraram satisfação em relação ao serviço. A boa relação desenvolvida com o profissional foi o principal motivo que as levou a continuar o tratamento. Este fato reforça a importância do vínculo e do diálogo entre profissionais e gestantes para a adesão e sucesso do pré-natal.This work uses cartography as a method for mapping the trajectory of primary healthcare provided to pregnant women. The scope of the study comprises 9 Basic Healthcare Units located in the city of Juazeiro do Norte in the State of Ceará. In all, fifteen women in the 37th to 39th week of pregnancy were selected. Interviews were conducted with these women during the period from January to June 2010. The cartographic findings were depicted in stages in the flowchart, which exposed lacunas in prenatal healthcare, such as the low number of oncotic cytology exams conducted and the lack of educational counseling. Nevertheless, in the interviews, a significant number of pregnant women expressed satisfaction with the prenatal care provided. The good relationships developed between the healthcare professionals and the pregnant women were the main reason that led them to continue the treatment. This fact reinforces the importance of dialogue between these two actors for the

  20. Contribution of branch of the Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority of the Slovak Republic to the construction of information society in the Slovak Republic and in the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper authors deals with responsibilities of the Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority of the Slovak Republic in building of information society in the Slovak Republic and in the European Union

  1. Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit

    CERN Document Server

    Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

    2010-01-01

    We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

  2. A new methodology based on littoral community cartography dominated by macroalgae for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballesteros, Enric; Torras, Xavier; Pinedo, Susana; García, María; Mangialajo, Luisa; de Torres, Mariona

    2007-01-01

    Macroalgae is a biological key element for the assessment of the ecological status in coastal waters in the frame of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000/60/EC). Here we propose a methodology for monitoring water quality based on the cartography of littoral and upper-sublittoral rocky-shore communities (CARLIT, in short). With the use of spatial databases, GIS, and available information about the value of rocky-shore communities as indicators of water quality, it is possible to obtain an environmental quality index representative of the ecological status of rocky coasts. This index, which completely fulfils the requirements of the WFD, is expressed as a ratio between the observed values in the sector of shore that is being assessed and the expected value in a reference condition zone with the same substrate and coastal morphology (Ecological Quality Ratio, EQR). The application of this index to the coast of Catalonia (North-Western Mediterranean) is presented.

  3. Estimation et cartographie de la vulnérabilité des aquifères en milieu forestier

    OpenAIRE

    Thüler, Lorienne; Brunner, Philip; Zwahlen, François

    2014-01-01

    L’étude de la vulnérabilité des aquifères est un outil précieux pour les protéger contre les pollutions. Ainsi préservés, ces derniers peuvent être exploités pour l’approvisionnement en eau potable, sans devoir subir de traitement. C’est pourquoi de nombreuses méthodes de cartographie de la vulnérabilité des eaux souterraines ont été développées, comme EPIK et DRASTIC. Toutefois, ces méthodes ne considèrent pas les aspects spécifiques à l’écosystème forestier. Il s’agit là d’une lacune majeur...

  4. Cartographie sémantico-lexicale et histoire des filiations étymologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Nicolas de Surmont

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: No presente artigo propomos um análise genético-morfológica do étimo cantio até a estabilização na forma chanson. Entre o baixo latim e o francês arcaico podemos observar hesitações gráficas de tal manera que uma confusão semântico-morfológica se criou entre as formas canso y chanson: a primera pode ser considerada como a forma occitana da segunda e não como um gênero poético independente. Esta hesitação gráfica comporta ambigüidades semânticas na Idade Média pelo menos. Neste artigo analisaremos as diferentes acepções da palavra chanson em um corpus de dicionários de língua francesa.Palavras-chave: Etimologia; francês arcaico; chanson; canso.Résumé: Dans le présent article nous proposerons une analyse de génétique morphologique partant de l’étymon cantio jusqu’à l’usage stabilisé de la forme chanson. Entre le bas latin et l’ancien français des hésitations graphiques sont observées de telle manière qu’une confusion sémantico-morphologique a existé entre les formes canso et chanson l’un pouvant n’être que la forme occitane de l’autre ou plutôt un genre poétique à part entière. Cette hésitation graphique comporte donc des ambiguïtés sémantiques, au Moyen-Âge du moins. En dressant une cartographie sémantique du lexème chanson, nous analyserons les différentes acceptions du mot dans un corpus de dictionnaires de langue française.Mots-clés: Étymologie; ancien français; chanson; canso.Resumen: En el presente artículo proponemos un análisis genético morfológico del etymon cantio hasta la estabilización en la forma chanson. Entre el bajo latín y el antiguo francés podemos observar hesitaciones gráficas de tal manera que una confusión semántica-morfológica se ha creado entre las formas canso y chanson la primera puede ser considerada como la forma occitana de la segunda y no como un género poético independiente. Esta hesitación gráfica comporta ambig

  5. Geodesy and cartography methods of exploration of the outer planetary systems: Galilean satellites and Enceladus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubarev, Anatoliy; Kozlova, Natalia; Kokhanov, Alexander; Oberst, Jürgen; Nadezhdina, Irina; Patraty, Vyacheslav; Karachevtseva, Irina

    elements of external orientation, provides new image processing of previous missions to outer planetary system. Using Photomod software (http://www.racurs.ru/) we have generated a new control point network in 3-D and orthomosaics for Io, Ganymede and Enceladus. Based on improved orbit data for Galileo we have used larger numbers of images than were available before, resulting in a more rigid network for Ganymede. The obtained results will be used for further processing and improvement of the various parameters: body shape parameters and shape modeling, libration, as well as for studying of the surface interesting geomorphological phenomena, for example, distribution of bright and dark surface materials on Ganymede and their correlations with topography and slopes [6]. Acknowledgments: The Ganymede study was partly supported by ROSKOSMOS and Space Research Institute under agreement № 36/13 “Preliminary assessment of the required coordinate and navigation support for selection of landing sites for lander mission “Laplace” and partly funding by agreement № 11-05-91323 for “Geodesy, cartography and research satellites Phobos and Deimos” References: [1] Nadezhdina et al. Vol. 14, EGU2012-11210, 2012. [2] Zhukov et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [3] Zubarev et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [4] Lazarev et al. Izvestia VUZov. 2012, No 6, pp. 9-11 http://miigaik.ru/journal.miigaik.ru/2012/20130129120215-2593.pdf (in Russian). [5] Kokhanov et al. Current problems in remote sensing of the Earth from space. 2013. Vol. 10. No 4. pp. 136-153. http://d33.infospace.ru/d33_conf/sb2013t4/136-153.pdf (in Russian). [6] Oberst et al., 2013 International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space

  6. Cartographie prévisionnelle des sols sensibles à la sécheresse en France: un outil d'information préventive

    OpenAIRE

    Toulemont, Marcel; Cojean, Roger; Jean-Pierre FACCENDINI

    1994-01-01

    La cartographie des sols sensibles à la sécheresse, établie à partir de l’analyse des dommages causés aux constructions par l’événement climatique 1989-1992, montre que les risques qui peuvent en résulter doivent être pris en compte sur une grande partie du territoire de la France métropolitaine urbanisé et urbanisable.

  7. Cartographie prévisionnelle des sols sensibles à la sécheresse en France: un outil d'information préventive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel TOULEMONT

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie des sols sensibles à la sécheresse, établie à partir de l’analyse des dommages causés aux constructions par l’événement climatique 1989-1992, montre que les risques qui peuvent en résulter doivent être pris en compte sur une grande partie du territoire de la France métropolitaine urbanisé et urbanisable.

  8. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle – A Tool for Acquiring Spatial Data for Research and Commercial Purposes. New Course in the Geography and Cartography Curriculum in Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    J. Jeziorska

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the syllabus for the innovative course "Unmanned aerial observations of Terrain" introduced to the curriculum by the Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). It indicates the objectives of the new subject, its didactic purpose, methods used in the teaching process, specifications of teaching materials, and the knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire. Finally, it presents the content of the course and d...

  9. Cartographies des temps de relaxation T2 sur des images IRM par la méthode de maximisation d'entropie

    OpenAIRE

    Henry, G.

    2015-01-01

    The signals in MRI are multi-exponential decreases and the relaxation time constants provide many information on the tissues. The cartographies of those constants allow one to spatially analyze the aliments. The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is usually used to nd the values of the constants. The maximum entropy method present several advantage compare to the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The number of exponential components is not set and the algorithm is not initialized. The goal is to e...

  10. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - A Tool for Acquiring Spatial Data for Research and Commercial Purposes. New Course in the Geography and Cartography Curriculum in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeziorska, J.

    2014-04-01

    This paper describes the syllabus for the innovative course "Unmanned aerial observations of Terrain" introduced to the curriculum by the Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). It indicates the objectives of the new subject, its didactic purpose, methods used in the teaching process, specifications of teaching materials, and the knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire. Finally, it presents the content of the course and description of lesson units. The subject will be obligatory for graduate students majoring in Geography, who are participants in the Geoinformatics and Cartography Master's program. Thirty-eight hours in a summer semester has been earmarked for the course. That includes 30 hours of instructor-guided laboratory and fieldtrip work, and 8 hours of individual work. The course aims to prepare future geographers to conduct a multi-step process that includes defining the purpose of using UAV in light of the chosen research problem, preparation of the mission, flight execution; geoprocessing of acquired aerial imagery; generation of cartomertic final products, and analysis of outcomes in order to answer the initially asked research question. This comprehensive approach will allow students, future experts in the field of geoinformatics and cartography, to gain the skills needed to acquire spatial data using an UAV, process them, and apply the results of their analysis in practice.

  11. The global image of the Moon obtained by the Chang’E-1:Data processing and lunar cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The global lunar image of the first phase of Chinese Lunar Exploration Program is the first image that covered all over the surface of the Moon. It will serve as a critical foundation for succeeding exploration and scientific research. In this paper, the acquisition, characteristics, and data quality of Chang’E-1 CCD image data are described in detail. Also described are the methodology and procedure of data processing. According to rule of planetary cartography, the image data have been processed, geometrically corrected, and then mosaicked and merged in a scale of 1:2.5 million. The results of data processing and charting show that the image data of Chang’E-1 CCD and their geometric precision meet the demand of charting a map in the scale of 1:2.5 million. The relative geometric positioning precision of the global image is better than 240 m, and the absolute geometric positioning precision is slightly better than that of the ULCN2005 and Clementine lunar basemap (V2.0). The plane positioning precision is approximately 100-1500 m. This global image proves to be the best global image of the Moon so far in terms of space coverage, image quality, and positioning precision.

  12. Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaranta Herrero

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past twenty years, agricultural biotechnologies have generated chronically unresolved political controversies. The standard tool of risk assessment has proven to be highly limited in its ability to address the panoply of concerns that exist about these hybrid techno/organisms. It has also failed to account for both the conceptual and material networks of relations agricultural biotechnologies require, create and/or perform. This paper takes as a starting point that agricultural biotechnologies cannot be usefully assessed as isolated technological entities but need to be evaluated within the context of the broader socio-ecological system that they embody and engender. The paper then explores, compares and contrasts some of the methodological tools available for advancing this systems-based perspective. The article concludes by outlining a new synthesis approach of comparative cartographies of agri/cultures generated through multi-sited ethnographic case-studies, which is proposed as a way to generate system maps and enable the comparison of genetically modified (GM food with both conventional and alternative agri-food networks for sustainability assessment. The paper aims to make a unique theoretical and methodological contribution by advancing a systems-based approach to conceptualising and assessing genetically modified organisms (GMOs and proposing a synthesised methodology for mapping networks of relations across different agri/cultures.

  13. New geoscience techniques for Earth and planetary studies developed in Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayorov, Andrey; Karachevtseva, Irina; Oberst, Jürgen

    2015-04-01

    The University was established in 1779 and for all these years it has been the centre of higher geodetic education in Russia, the largest specialized educational institution of this profile in Europe. The great historical past, long pedagogical and scientific traditions developed throughout almost the two and a half centuries' history of the University, importance of geodetic sciences and land survey branch for many fields of knowledge and national economy, a wide range of specialties in which MIIGAiK trains specialists have given the University the leading position as a specialized higher educational institution [1]. Now, the University is a large educational-and-scientific and production complex including six faculties of full-time training, a faculty of distance learning, a Training Centre for teachers of high schools and retraining of experts, postgraduate and doctoral courses, educational specialized laboratories in various directions of geodesy, cartography and remote sensing. In the University structure, there are also research-and-production centers Geodynamics, Geomonitoring, a Center for satellite technologies in geodesy, a Cartographic centre, Geodesy and Air Photography Journal Publishing House, two educational test fields, computing centers, an educational-and-geodetic museum and a library. New MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory (MExLab) [2], which was established in 2010 under the leadership of invited scientist Prof. Dr. Jürgen Oberst (DLR, TUB, Germany), studies of characteristics of Solar System bodies with geodetic and cartographic methods. The several celestial bodies are chosen as subjects for new planetary project: Europa, Ganymede, Callisto (Galilean satellites of Jupiter), and Enceladus (a satellite of Saturn), as well as the Moon, Mars, its satellite Phobos, and Mercury. The significance of the project objectives is defined both by necessity of gaining fundamental knowledge about properties of the Solar System bodies, and practical needs

  14. Research and Development Work Carried out by the Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Measurement and Control Systems, Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography WUT - Thematic Scope and Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Edward; Malarski, Ryszard; Prószyński, Witold; Sadowska, Alicja; Woźniak, Marek; Zaczek-Peplinska, Janina

    2016-06-01

    Geodetic engineering surveys are an important part of the works carried out by the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology. These works concern measurement techniques as well as advanced result analysis methods applied in precise industrial surveys and in processes controlling object's behaviour over time. The thematic scope of research realised by Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Control-Measuring Systems shows that article related to geodetic engineering measurements and geodetic monitoring is carried out with high intensity, resulting in technological advancement and implementation of new or improved measurement solutions and methods of measurement result development.

  15. Progrès de la cartographie et pratique de la ville: Moscou ou la culture de la désorientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis ECKERT

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Un plan de la ville de Moscou publié en 1997 représente un progrès remarquable de la cartographie urbaine en Russie. Cela est d'autant plus vrai qu'il est fort difficile de se repérer dans un quartier, étant donné la structure complexe du bâti et l'absence de panneaux indicateurs. L'apparition de ce plan témoigne de l'ouverture croissante de la société russe, qui tourne graduellement le dos à la culture du secret.

  16. Cartographie participative autochtone et réappropriation culturelle et territoriale. L’exemple des Lil’wat  en Colombie-Britannique (Canada)

    OpenAIRE

    Glon, Éric

    2013-01-01

    La cartographie participative n’a cessé de se développer chez les peuples autochtones depuis une quarantaine d’années. Cet exercice ne se borne pas à la réalisation de cartes. Il est un exercice anthropologique qui permet entre autres la réappropriation des héritages d’une culture jadis très territorialisée et leur transmission aux jeunes générations comme le montre l’exemple des « Lil’wat  » en Colombie-Britannique

  17. The Baltic and the birth of a modern English maritime community: the Muscovy Company and nautical cartography, 1553-1665

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alistair Maeer

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available English merchants and navigators began developing their skills in the late sixteenth century to reach Baltic shores and in the process birthed a distinct English nautical charting tradition which continued to service and reflect English interests for over a century. Specifically, the efforts of the Muscovy Company and the emergence of a distinct master-apprentice relationship of chart makers within the Drapers’ Company instigated the emergence of a modern maritime community in England replete with the financial structures, ships, and skills necessary to encompass the globe. As a result of various setbacks in the late-sixteenth century, English merchants and mariners shifted from coastal trading ventures to direct long-distance overseas commerce. This transformation was initiated through the efforts of the Muscovy Company and its accompanying introduction of marine charts for navigating distant shores. The introduction and expansion of direct long-distance overseas trade and modern navigational techniques then spurred the creation of a domestic charting industry to service these English navigational needs, the Thames School of English marine charting. Born out of a close association with English commerce to the Baltic, members of the Thames School continued to produce nautical charts of the globe that reflected ever-expanding English interests until the early-eighteenth century. This paper argues that trade to and from the Baltic acted as a proving ground, the venue, within which both the origins of English long-distant overseas trade and nautical cartography emerged—two fundamentally necessary components for the Empire which followed.

  18. Cartography of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A Receptor Subtypes in Prefrontal Cortex and Its Projections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mengod, Guadalupe; Palacios, José M; Cortés, Roser

    2015-07-15

    Since the development of chemical neuroanatomical tools in the 1960s, a tremendous wealth of information has been generated on the anatomical components of the serotonergic system, at the microscopic level in the brain including the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The PFC receives a widespread distribution of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) terminals from the median and dorsal raphe nuclei. 5-HT receptors were first visualized using radioligand autoradiography in the late 1980s and early 1990s and showed, in contrast to 5-HT innervation, a differential distribution of binding sites associated with different 5-HT receptor subtypes. Due to the cloning of the different 5-HT receptor subtype genes in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was possible, using in situ hybridization histochemistry, to localize cells expressing mRNA for these receptors. Double in situ hybridization histochemistry and immunohistochemistry allowed for the chemical characterization of the phenotype of cells expressing 5-HT receptors. Tract tracing technology allowed a detailed cartography of the neuronal connections of PFC and other brain areas. Based on these data, maps have been constructed that reflect our current understanding of the different circuits where 5-HT receptors can modulate the electrophysiological, pharmacological, and behavioral functions of the PFC. We will review current knowledge regarding the cellular localization of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors in mammalian PFC and their possible functions in the neuronal circuits of the PFC. We will discuss data generated in our laboratory as well as in others, focusing on localization in the pyramidal and GABAergic neuronal cell populations in different mammalian species using molecular neuroanatomy and on the connections with other brain regions.

  19. Structural insights into a novel interkingdom signaling circuit by cartography of the ligand-binding sites of the homologous quorum sensing LuxR-family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covaceuszach, Sonia; Degrassi, Giuliano; Venturi, Vittorio; Lamba, Doriano

    2013-01-01

    Recent studies have identified a novel interkingdom signaling circuit, via plant signaling molecules, and a bacterial sub-family of LuxR proteins, bridging eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Indeed pivotal plant-bacteria interactions are regulated by the so called Plant Associated Bacteria (PAB) LuxR solo regulators that, although closely related to the quorum sensing (QS) LuxR family, do not bind or respond to canonical quorum sensing N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs), but only to specific host plant signal molecules. The large body of structural data available for several members of the QS LuxR family complexed with different classes of ligands (AHLs and other compounds), has been exploited to dissect the cartography of their regulatory domains through structure-based multiple sequence alignments, structural superimposition and a comparative analysis of the contact residues involved in ligand binding. In the absence of experimentally determined structures of members of the PAB LuxR solos subfamily, an homology model of its prototype OryR is presented, aiming to elucidate the architecture of its ligand-binding site. The obtained model, in combination with the cartography of the regulatory domains of the homologous QS LuxRs, provides novel insights into the 3D structure of its ligand-binding site and unveils the probable molecular determinants responsible for differences in selectivity towards specific host plant signal molecules, rather than to canonical QS compounds.

  20. Detection and cartography of the fluorinated antimalarial drug mefloquine in normal and Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cells by scanning ion microscopy and mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adovelande, J; Boulard, Y; Berry, J P; Galle, P; Slodzian, G; Schrével, J

    1994-01-01

    Due to the presence of fluorine atoms in its molecule, the antimalarial drug mefloquine (MQ) can be easily detected in normal and Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cells (RBC) by scanning ion microscopy and mass spectrometry. The P falciparum infected RBC exhibited intense distribution of MQ inside the parasite. The main compartments of the parasite which accumulate the drug were the food vacuole and the cytoplasm. The correlation between fluorine (19F-) and phosphorus (31P-) as well as probes for the DNA synthesis (BrdU and IdU) emissions shows that the parasite nucleus is also accessible to the drug. This study demonstrates that SIMS technique on smear preparations is an efficient approach for the direct detection and cartography of fluorinated antimalarial drugs in normal and P falciparum infected RBC, without radioactive labelling.

  1. L'apport de la sémiologie graphique de Jacques Bertin a la cartographie pour l’aménagement et l'urbanisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Steinberg

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie d'aide à la décision en aménagement et urbanisme s'est beaucoup développée au cours des trente dernières années : cartes et plans réglementaires, d'occupation et d'utilisation du sol, des aptitudes et contraintes des territoires, de l'environnement et des risques naturels et technologiques, etc... Elle a suivi de près la floraison des études et recherches scientifiques ou opérationnelles menées un peu partout dans le monde pour faire face aux problèmes d'aménagement du territo...

  2. CARTOGRAPHIES OF ONE’S SCHOOL EXPERIENCE: sense of place an “geographicity” in geography teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Pontes Galvão Filho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From the experience of working with the sense of place and with “geographicity” in middle school, specifically with year niner's classes, we intend, in the present text, to discuss the possibilities and potencialities of working with an existencial geography at the school. For instance, the production of an affective map, the project "Cartographies of one's School Experience" have allowed pedagogic and didactic experimentations for the students to recognise qualitatively the spaces within the school from the perspective of their own experiences. Differently from the geometric space – neutral and indifferent - the geographical spaces have colour, density, height and appear to oneself from one's own experience, memories, remembrances and expectations. Moreover, these spaces are strictly related to the essence and ways of being-in-the-world. The main aim is that the student recognises himself/herself within the spaces; within places that attract or repel them in different intensities. Additionally, it aims to enhance the making of a school geography that brings together the earth (nature and the human element in an ontologic intersubjectivity in order to strengthen the student's efforts towards an autonomous academic development A partir da experiência de trabalhar o sentido de lugar e a geograficidade em aulas de Geografia no nono ano, pretende-se discutir neste texto as possibilidades e potencialidades de trabalhar uma geografia existencial no ensino de Geografia. Nosso objetivo é contribuir com a discussão acerca do papel da Geografia na educação contemporânea, apontando a abordagem fenomenológica como um caminho possível e ainda pouco explorado. A elaboração de um mapa afetivo, uma “Cartografia da Experiência Escolar”, permitiu experimentações didáticas e pedagógicas para que alunos reconhecessem qualitativamente os espaços da escola a partir das suas próprias experiências. Diferentemente do espaço geométrico

  3. Digital cartography of Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.

    1987-01-01

    A medium-resolution Digital Image Model (DIM) of Mars is being compiled. A DIM is a mosaic of radiometrically corrected, photometrically modelled spacecraft images displaying accurate reflectance properties at uniform resolution, and geometrically tied to the best available control. The Mars medium-resolution DIM contains approximately 4700 Viking Orbiter image frames that were used to compile the recently completed 1:2,000,000-scale controlled photomosaic series of Mars. This DIM provides a planimetric control base to which all other Mars maps will be registered. A similar control base of topographic elevations (Digital Terrain Model, or DTM) is also being compiled. These products are scheduled for completion in 1989.

  4. Cartography of serotonergic circuits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparta, Dennis R; Stuber, Garret D

    2014-08-01

    Serotonin is an essential neuromodulator, but the precise circuit connectivity that regulates serotonergic neurons has not been well defined. Using rabies virus tracing strategies Weissbourd et al. (2014) and Pollak Dorocic et al. (2014) in this issue of Neuron and Ogawa et al. (2014) in Cell Reports provide a comprehensive map of the inputs to serotonergic neurons, highlighting the complexity and diversity of potential upstream cellular regulators.

  5. Cartography and connectomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Essen, David C

    2013-10-30

    The past 25 years have seen great progress in parcellating the cerebral cortex into a mosaic of many distinct areas in mice, monkeys, and humans. Quantitative studies of interareal connectivity have revealed unexpectedly many pathways and a wide range of connection strengths in mouse and macaque cortex. In humans, advances in analyzing "structural" and "functional" connectivity using powerful but indirect noninvasive neuroimaging methods are yielding intriguing insights about brain circuits, their variability across individuals, and their relationship to behavior.

  6. Digital cartography of Io

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcewen, Alfred S.; Duck, B.; Edwards, Kathleen

    1991-01-01

    A high resolution controlled mosaic of the hemisphere of Io centered on longitude 310 degrees is produced. Digital cartographic techniques were employed. Approximately 80 Voyager 1 clear and blue filter frames were utilized. This mosaic was merged with low-resolution color images. This dataset is compared to the geologic map of this region. Passage of the Voyager spacecraft through the Io plasma torus during acquisition of the highest resolution images exposed the vidicon detectors to ionized radiation, resulting in dark-current buildup on the vidicon. Because the vidicon is scanned from top to bottom, more charge accumulated toward the bottom of the frames, and the additive error increases from top to bottom as a ramp function. This ramp function was removed by using a model. Photometric normalizations were applied using the Minnaert function. An attempt to use Hapke's photometric function revealed that this function does not adequately describe Io's limb darkening at emission angles greater than 80 degrees. In contrast, the Minnaert function accurately describes the limb darkening up to emission angles of about 89 degrees. The improved set of discrete camera angles derived from this effort will be used in conjunction with the space telemetry pointing history file (the IPPS file), corrected on 4 or 12 second intervals to derive a revised time history for the pointing of the Infrared Interferometric Spectrometer (IRIS). For IRIS observations acquired between camera shutterings, the IPPS file can be corrected by linear interpolation, provided that the spacecraft motions were continuous. Image areas corresponding to the fields of view of IRIS spectra acquired between camera shutterings will be extracted from the mosaic to place the IRIS observations and hotspot models into geologic context.

  7. New Materialism: Interviews & Cartographies

    OpenAIRE

    van der Tuin, I.; Dolphijn, R.

    2012-01-01

    This book is the first monograph on the theme of “new materialism,” an emerging trend in 21st century thought that has already left its mark in such fields as philosophy, cultural theory, feminism, science studies, and the arts. The first part of the book contains elaborate interviews with some of the most prominent new materialist scholars of today: Rosi Braidotti, Manuel DeLanda, Karen Barad, and Quentin Meillassoux. The second part situates the new materialist tradition in contemporary tho...

  8. Cartography of Selce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Lončarić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cartographic representations, both contemporary or old maps and plans, are extraordinary sources of spatial information. They contain spatial, historical, toponomastic, economical, ethnical and numerous other data important for understanding the entire development of an area. Although Selce has not been inhabited for as long as some surrounding settlements because the contemporary settlement of Selce originates from the second half of the 14th century, it still has a quite interesting development history with an early ascent of tourist activities within both Croatian and European frames. Cartographic representations reviewed in this paper help illuminate historical changes and compare them to the current state in space.

  9. “Gentlemen in the North of Scotland” or Military and the Ethnic Cartography of the “The Highland Problem”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malkin Stanislav Gennadyevich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the views of the British Military responsible for the pacification of the Scotland Highlands in the first half of the XVIIIth century. The material deals with the representation, interpretation and use of ethnographic information about rebellious country in the process of its ethnic cartography. The article analyses the rhetoric strategies of the texts by the Military and their aims, role and consequences. The author studies the Highland Problem on the basis of data collected by Captain Edward (Edmund Burt and Captain John Barlow in the Highlands of Scotland (taking into account the features of data accumulation process on this subject before and after the last Jacobite Rebellion 1745–1746. The author analyses this material according to the following guides: the evidence provided by most famous commentators on the Scotland Highlands state and on the Highland Problem in particular, the traditions of analyzing official and non-official documentary on the Highland Problem, the sense of active corporative unity that was spread among the militaries during the first half of the XVIIIth century and colonial issues and policies on other imperial margins. The author makes conclusion that the data collected and arranged by captains Burt and Barlow was not sufficient for their research results and rather represented the idea of ideal Highlands of Scotland which should be brought to life after strong social reorganization. Construction of ethnographic situations, invention of ethnographic traditions and search for the possible limits of knowledge about the Highlanders and the Highlands served to make empirical issues more concrete from the administrative point of view and up to the new level of colonial knowledge. In such circumstances ethnic cartography was used to integrate military and political geography and administrative ethnography of the Highland Problem solution.

  10. 流域径流离散处理和提取算法研究%Study on Gradual-Change Protract of Rivers in Small Scaled Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斌兵; 晁阳

    2011-01-01

    通过对流域进行离散处理,从集合论角度出发,将流域看成"点"的集合,对流域进行离散化处理,在其上对流域源点、交汇点、出口点、单径流及复合径流各流域要素进行约束和定义,提出并实现了算法.该算法基于流域水文模拟方法,较好地解决了流域出口点和环流判别问题,使追踪出的径流更符合实际,具有简单、高效、实用的特点.根据算法设计开发了软件系统,并且应用到黄土丘陵沟壑区小流域分布式水文和侵蚀预报模型中,取得了较好的模拟效果.%It is technologically difficult that the automatic gradual change drawing of rivers in the small scale cartography. For the impractical of the status quo,a gradual change drawing algorithm of river based on treelike structure is put forward in this paper. After a thorough study of the complex structure of river,a treelike structure of rivers and its constructing methods is introduced, and also its searching method of main stream and branch of a river in network structure, the flow of the river, the process of area water. After complement the up and downstream part of the river that is out of the map, the making of the small-scale map is realized based on further development of MapGIS. The results indicate that this algorithm greatly reduces the manual intervention in the river gradual change cartography process as well as improving the platting efficiency.

  11. 基于规则库的目视航图自动化制图%Automatic cartography for VFR aeronautical charts based on rule database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文元; 许妙忠

    2011-01-01

    本文提出了一种基于规则库的目视航图自动化制图技术,详细阐述了基于规则的要素自动综合取舍、自动符号化、注记自动配置的实现方法.基于GIS COM组件开发了一个目视航图制图原型系统,通过对规则库中各种规则的配置、管理和调用,可方便快捷地制作出目视航图产品.%An automatic cartography method for VFR aeronautical charts based on rule database was introduced in this paper, and three key technologies based on rules were illustrated, including the automatization of cartographic generalization, feature symbolization and annotation placement Based on GIS Components, a prototype system of making VFR charts was developed, which could be used to make VFR aeronautical charts conveniently and quickly with the help of various pre-configured rules in rule database.

  12. A Discussion and Reformation Analysis of the Teaching Method of Cartography in Colleges and Universities%高校地图学课程教学方法探讨与改革分析1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马士彬; 张美竹; 代稳; 杨洪

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses and analuzes teaching students majoring in geographic scince the course of car-tography in colleges and universities.According to the analysis, we come to the following conclusions:there are problems such as insufficient teaching resources, inappropriate course structure and confused teaching aims in teaching students majoring in geographic science the course of cartography. In order to finish the teaching it is necessary to take the teaching materials in senior schools and thematic maps as an example. Stu-dents should obtain some professional knowledge such as advanced algebra and probability statistics before they study the course of cartography which could servr geographic courses better and it would be well to make it begin before second semester.%通过分析认为:高校地理科学专业地图学教学普遍存在教学资源不足、课程结构不合理、教学目的混淆、教学资源匮乏等问题。地理科学专业地图学教学应该以高中教材涉及专题图为实例完成教学,学生应在具备了高等代数、概率统计等专业基础知识后开设地图学,并服务于地理专业课程,具体应安排在大学二年级以前开设。

  13. Genomic cartography of varicella-zoster virus: a complete genome-based analysis of strain variability with implications for attenuation and phenotypic differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, S D; Peters, G A; Grose, C; Severini, A; Gray, M J; Upton, C; Tipples, G A

    2007-03-15

    In order to gain a better perspective on the true variability of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and to catalogue the location and number of differences, 11 new complete genome sequences were compared with those previously in the public domain (18 complete genomes in total). Three of the newly sequenced genomes were derived from a single strain in order to assess variations that can occur during serial passage in cell culture. The analysis revealed that while VZV is relatively stable genetically it does posses a certain degree of variability. The reiteration regions, origins of replication and intergenic homopolymer regions were all found to be variable between strains as well as within a given strain. In addition, the terminal viral sequences were found to vary within and between strains specifically at the 3' end of the genome. Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified a total of 557 variable sites, 451 of which were found in coding regions and resulted in 187 different in amino acid substitutions. A comparison of the SNPs present in the two gE mutant strains, VZV-MSP and VZV-BC, suggested that the missense mutation in gE was primarily responsible for the accelerated cell spread phenotype. Some of the variations noted with high passage in cell culture are consistent with variations seen in the IE62 gene of the vaccine strains (S628G, R958G and I1260V) that may help in pinpointing variations essential for attenuation. Although VZV has been considered to be one of the most genetically stable human herpesviruses, this initial assessment of genomic VZV cartography provides insight into ORFs with previously unreported variations.

  14. 绝对的地图测绘,或,重返“认知图绘”%Cartographies Of The Absolute, Or, Return To Cognitive Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿尔伯特·托斯卡诺; 李莎; 曹一帆(译)

    2014-01-01

    认知图绘是杰姆逊的术语,这一措辞强调了对政治和实践阐述规划的政治需求。认知图绘的需要从某种程度上说是来自个人与社会“完美比重”的幻想仍旧有待考量,这一美学旗号下产生的理论或许可以使得个人主体和集体看清他们在全球化世界中所处的位置。唯有认识到资本主义与它地理上分化形态的不平均状态,才能避免造成个人与政治要经济、经验与抽象的断裂,从不同形式与层面运用认知图绘,并解决它所带来的问题。%Fredric Jameson employs cartographies of the absolute, with reference to what he calls “the aesthetic of cognitive mapping”. The phrase stressed the political need for its elaboration in both theory and practice. It remains to be ascertained to what degree the very desire for cognitive mapping is haunted by the fantasy of a “perfect ratio” between the personal and the social. The works that would emerge under the banner of this aesthetic would enable individual subjects and collectivities to make their local situation in a globalized world intelligible. Only when the unevenness of capitalism and its geographically-differentiated formations has been focused, can we avoid the disjunction between the personal and the political-economic, experience and abstraction, and overcome the problems of cognitive mapping.

  15. Cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación Cartografias contemporâneas da pesquisa Contemporary Cartographies of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etna Castaño-Giraldo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone, desde una aproximación singular y estética, algunos rasgos para comprender los procesos de formación. Por otra parte, explora ciertas cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación. Articula pensamientos filosóficos del arte, desde donde se va componiendo una relación entre la perspectiva vital y problemática respecto a la composición de las subjetividades y a los modos de relación con el mundo. Teje relaciones entre las prácticas artísticas y pedagógicas, y busca acentuar, en la dimensión existencial y humana, aspectos que creemos que están al margen de los debates actuales educativos y pedagógicos.Neste artigo expõem-se, com uma abordagem singular e estética, alguns aspectos que permitem compreender os processos de formação. Também se exploram algumas cartografias de pesquisa; articulam-se pensamentos filosóficos da arte, desde onde se compõe uma relação entre a perspectiva vital e problemática respeito da composição das subjetividades e os modos de relacionar-se com o mundo; tece relações entre as práticas artísticas e pedagógicas; e procura enfatizar, na dimensão existencial e humana, aspectos que estão à margem dos debates educativos e pedagógicos atuais.This article takes a singular and esthetic look at a variety of features to understand educational processes, in addition to exploring certain contemporary cartographies of research. It articulates philosophical ideas about art, ranging from the development of a relationship between the vital and problematic perspective in terms of the composition of subjectivities, to the ways of relating to the world. It weaves ties between artistic and teaching practices and seeks to emphasize, in the existential and human dimension, the aspects we believe are still at the sidelines of the current debate on education and teaching.

  16. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922) Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo...

  17. Une école pour des universitaires placés aux marges de l’expertise : les années trente et la cartographie géographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Claire Robic

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available L’Ecole de cartographie de l’Université de Paris s’ouvrit en novembre 1934, après quelques années de négociations durant lesquelles Emmanuel de Martonne (Photo 1, grand "patron" du tout nouvel Institut de géographie, réussit à faire adopter son idée : former à l’Université des cartographes-géographes tournés vers l’application de leur savoir-faire. Quels objectifs visait-il ? Pouvait-il faire face concurremment à l’émergence d’une recherche universitaire, à l’ouverture d’une consommation de ...

  18. Typologie, cartographie des stations forestières et modélisations des peuplements forestiers. Cas des massifs forestiers de la wilaya de Saida (Algérie

    OpenAIRE

    Terras, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La typologie et la cartographie des stations forestières sont basées sur le principe suivant : « Une étendue de forêt, homogène dans ses conditions écologiques et son peuplement, dans laquelle le forestier peut pratiquer la même sylviculture et peut espérer une même production ». Ce concept de station forestière, ainsi défini est donc très proche du concept écologique, mais on y a ajouté l'idée d'homogénéité du peuplement et d'un concept de gestion : espérance d'une même production, pra...

  19. Cartographie thématique des mangroves du littoral sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie = Thematic mapping of mangroves of the South West coasts of New Caledonia

    OpenAIRE

    Thollot, Pierre; Albert, Frédéric; Meaille, R

    1992-01-01

    Les mangroves du littoral sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie ont été cartographiées par traitement d'images satellitaires SPOT. Plusieurs axes de recherche ont été développés selon l'échelle de nos investigations. D'une part, les mangroves du littoral sud-ouest (entre Moindou et Goro) ont été identifiées, localisées selon trois niveaux de densité (clairsemée, faible et forte). D'autre part, la composition floristique de la mangrove de Prizbuer/Bouraké a été définie au cours d'une analyse thémati...

  20. Approches géostatistiques pour l’extraction de l’information pertinente dans des données géo-électriques en vue de la cartographie de propriétés des sols

    OpenAIRE

    Loiseau, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Dans le cadre du projet CAREX de l’INRA (CARactérisation environnementales des essais conduits dans les unités EXpérimentales), le travail présenté dans ce document a pour principal objectif de cartographier l’épaisseur du sol (Ep) sur un site expérimental de l’INRA. Deux méthodes de spatialisation, la régression linéaire simple et la régression-krigeage, de Ep à partir de mesures de résistivités électriques du sol ont été comparées. Une prospection électrique exhaustive par ARP a été effectu...

  1. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique des sols de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire)

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Étienne Aké; Boyossoro Hélène Kouadio; Miessan Germain Adja; Jean-Baptiste Ettien; Kôkôh Rose Effebi; Jean Biémi,

    2012-01-01

    L'érosion hydrique des sols n'a pas été suffisamment étudiée dans la région de Bonoua au Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire où l'activité économique dominante demeure l'agriculture. Par conséquent, des méthodes de contrôle s'avèrent nécessaires, afin d'assurer une gestion durable des sols et de sécuriser les productions agricoles. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments pour cartographier la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique. L'approche passe par une analyse des princ...

  2. Potentiel des images satellitaires multibandes a haute resolution spatiale pour la cartographie des componsants de l'eau en milieu cotier marin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Andre

    L'objectif principal que que nous poursuivons est de developper un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif eau-atmosphere adapte aux observations faites par le capteur Thematic Mapper (TM) de Landsat. Les informations que nous cherchons ont trait au milieu cotier marin et concernent les elements qui sont en suspension dans l'eau. Les images multibandes du capteur TM dans la partie visible du spectre, sont surtout visees par nos travaux. A la base de la simulation, nous utilisons un programme de simulation atmospherique, le code 6S, auquel nous greffons un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif dans la masse d'eau. Ce dernier estime le signal en fonction de 4 composants: l'eau, les pigments chlorophylliens (chlorophylle et phaeopigments), les matieres minerales et les substances organiques dissoutes. La concentration des differents composants sert de parametre d'entree pour definir le comportement optique de la masse d'eau. Le modele permet egalement de simuler une masse d'eau stratifiee si l'on connai t les concentrations des composants dans les differentes couches. Il inclut aussi la contribution du fond, selon sa nature et sa composition, ainsi que celle du miroitement du soleil et du ciel a la surface de l'eau. Les informations d'un echantillonnage de la masse d' eau synchronise avec le passage du satellite, a la baie des Chaleurs, d'une cartographie du couvert d'algues et d'un modele bathymetrique ont ete utilisees pour fixer les parametres de simulation par le modele. La comparaison montrent que le modele se comporte relativement bien surtout dans la bande TM2. Une erreur systematique de 2 valeurs numeriques en moyenne subsiste dans les trois bandes spectrales. Les resultats nous montrent que la visibilite du fond aux faibles profondeurs est un element tres important a considerer. Par ailleurs, l'analyse de sensibilite montre que les images TM sont plus sensibles aux concentrations en matieres minerales qu'aux pigments chlorophylliens et aux substances

  3. Cortical cartography and Caret software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Essen, David C

    2012-08-15

    Caret software is widely used for analyzing and visualizing many types of fMRI data, often in conjunction with experimental data from other modalities. This article places Caret's development in a historical context that spans three decades of brain mapping--from the early days of manually generated flat maps to the nascent field of human connectomics. It also highlights some of Caret's distinctive capabilities. This includes the ease of visualizing data on surfaces and/or volumes and on atlases as well as individual subjects. Caret can display many types of experimental data using various combinations of overlays (e.g., fMRI activation maps, cortical parcellations, areal boundaries), and it has other features that facilitate the analysis and visualization of complex neuroimaging datasets.

  4. Fractal cartography of urban areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Encarnação, Sara; Gaudiano, Marcos; Santos, Francisco C; Tenedório, José A; Pacheco, Jorge M

    2012-01-01

    In a world in which the pace of cities is increasing, prompt access to relevant information is crucial to the understanding and regulation of land use and its evolution in time. In spite of this, characterization and regulation of urban areas remains a complex process, requiring expert human intervention, analysis and judgment. Here we carry out a spatio-temporal fractal analysis of a metropolitan area, based on which we develop a model which generates a cartographic representation and classification of built-up areas, identifying (and even predicting) those areas requiring the most proximate planning and regulation. Furthermore, we show how different types of urban areas identified by the model co-evolve with the city, requiring policy regulation to be flexible and adaptive, acting just in time. The algorithmic implementation of the model is applicable to any built-up area and simple enough to pave the way for the automatic classification of urban areas worldwide.

  5. Cartography of irregularly shaped satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.; Edwards, Kathleen

    1987-01-01

    Irregularly shaped satellites, such as Phobos and Amalthea, do not lend themselves to mapping by conventional methods because mathematical projections of their surfaces fail to convey an accurate visual impression of the landforms, and because large and irregular scale changes make their features difficult to measure on maps. A digital mapping technique has therefore been developed by which maps are compiled from digital topographic and spacecraft image files. The digital file is geometrically transformed as desired for human viewing, either on video screens or on hard copy. Digital files of this kind consist of digital images superimposed on another digital file representing the three-dimensional form of a body.

  6. Cartography of Controversies about MOOCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalid, Md. Saifuddin; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2015-01-01

    studies (STS) discipline. The method guides the application of actor network theory (ANT). Online digital media and tools (namely, Scopus, ScienceScape, Google trends, OpenHeatMap, NodeXL, Gephi, Facebook, Twitter) are used for data collection and analysis. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative...

  7. LANDS CARTOGRAPHY: A MESOAMERICAN HERITAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pájaro Huertas

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Land maps, like prehispanic mesoamerican maps, do notuse Euclidean projections, which are based on ahumanistic or social projection. The spatial reality inthese maps is defined and structured by socialrelationships. Thus, a land map represents a communityshowing its territory and history, and not only an area likein conventional technical maps. A land map is a“communicentric projection” of the “egocentricperception” of the peasant, and can be defined as theprojection in graphic symbols of the spatial relationshipsabstracted from the knowledge available in cognitivemaps of the environments known by the peasant, ratherthan the result of sophisticated techniques, such as thoseused in soil surveys or remote perception.

  8. Cartography – morphology – topology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dinesen, Cort Ross; Peder Pedersen, Claus

    2010-01-01

    I 2004 a Summer School was established on the Greek island of Hydra. The was to be the basis of research-based morphological and topological studies, which have since taken place for 4 weeks of every year. Starting with Hydra’s topography different ways of considering topology were developed...

  9. Cartography and Geoinformation in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Petrovič

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Slovenia became independent in 1991, it quickly started building its own map system and spatial databases. A system of national and military topographic, general and other maps, and various geo-databases was established in the last 10 years by management of the Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Slovenia and in cooperation with the Ministry of Defence. The transfer from analogous to digital form was also executed. In the last several months, most of the work was devoted to data access, and the greatest task for the future is to establish a system for data updating. 

  10. Mobilizing the cartographic paradox: tracing the aspect of cartography and prospect of cinema/Mobilizando o paradoxo cartográfico: traçando o aspecto na cartografia e o prospecto no cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Lukinbeal

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the contrast and challenge of cinematic cartographies may lie in querying what John Pickles (2004, p.89 calls the “cartographic paradox.” The cartographic paradox is that linear perspective and projectionism inform cartographic practice. Yet, these two scopic regimes are both complementary and contradictory. The cartographic paradox has been mobilized by montage, animation and motion pictures. The penultimate technology of linear perspective is cinema, whereas the penultimate technology of projectionism is GIS and animated cartography. I argue that understanding the mobilization of these scopic regimes may lead to the production of affective geovisualizations. A compreensão do contraste e do desafio das cartografias cinemáticas pode residir na indagação do que John Pickles (2004, p.89 chama de “o paradoxo cartográfico.” O paradoxo cartográfico é que a perspectiva linear e o projecionismo informam a prática cartográfica. Contudo, estes dois regimes de visão são complementares e contraditórios. O paradoxo cartográfico tem sido mobilizado pela montagem e a animação de imagens em movimento. A penúltima tecnologia da perspectiva linear é o cinema, enquanto que a penúltima tecnologia do projecionismo é o SIG e a animação cartográfica. Discuto neste artigo que compreender a mobilização destes regimes de visão pode conduzir à produção de geovisualizações afetivas.

  11. Méthodologie de cartographie du risque érosion - Application de la méthodologie développée par le CETE Méditerranée - Études de cas pour des talwegs de premiers ordres

    OpenAIRE

    PINEY, Stéphane; KOPP, Sébastien

    2010-01-01

    Suite au rapport Étude bibliographique de trois méthodologies appliquées au risque érosion d’août 2009, et aux perspectives énoncées en vue d’une cartographie départementale du risque ruissellement, nous nous sommes intéressés plus particulièrement aux talwegs de premiers ordres (d’ordres 1 à 3), en vue de déterminer dans quelle mesure la méthodologie de détermination des zones inondées développée par le CETE Méditerranée était susceptible de cartographier de façon satisfais...

  12. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922 Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922 Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con base en el fondo cartográfico de Charles Perron y Élisée Reclus. Reconstruimos esta experiencia a través del análisis de fuentes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando la relación entre geografía y educación popular, y el papel de la cartografía en las concepciones científicas de estos geógrafos.This paper deals with the foundation of the Cartographic Museum of Geneva, open from 1907 to 1922 and based on the cartographic collection of Charles Perron and Élisée Reclus. We reconstruct this experience by the analysis of edited and unedited sources, questioning the relationship between geography and popular education, and the role of cartography in the scientific strategy of these geographers.

  13. La avispa y la orquídea hacen mapa en el seno de un rizoma: Cartografía y máquinas, releyendo a Deleuze y Guattari The wasp and the orchid make a map in the heart of a rhizome: cartography and machines, reinterpreting Deleuze and Guattari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Pérez de Lama

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace casi una década venimos experimentando un renovado interés en la cartografía como herramienta de conocimiento crítico. Desde el equipo hackitectura.net hemos participado en este movimiento produciendo diversos procesos cartográficos, entre los que se destaca la Cartografía Crítica del Estrecho de Gibraltar (2004, desarrollada en colaboración con diversos colectivos sociales y artísticos que operan sobre este territorio geopolítico. Nuestra práctica se ha inspirado desde el inicio en el pensamiento de Félix Guattari y Gilles Deleuze que en Mil Mesetas (1980 proponían los principios de cartografía y decalcomanía para explicar el concepto de rizoma. Aunque hoy nos referimos más a los territorios reticulares que al rizoma, sigue siendo de interés la vinculación que Guattari establece entre su concepto de cartografía y los de agenciamiento, máquina y producción de subjetividad. Para Guattari, hacer mapa, como lo hacen la orquídea y la avispa, es más acción que representación; la cartografía, antes que representar un mundo que esté ya dado, supone la identificación de nuevos componentes, la creación de nuevas relaciones y territorios, de nuevas máquinas. El artículo presentará una aproximación teórica a las ideas guattarianas, ejemplificadas con diversos trabajos, propios y de otros autores. Finalmente, planteará, desde la perspectiva de nuestra experiencia, el horizonte de desarrollo y las limitaciones que percibimos en relación con estas prácticas.For almost a decade, we have been experiencing a continuous interest in cartography as a tool for the acquisition of critical knowledgement. From the use of hackitectura.net as an instrument, we have participated in this movement, producing several cartographic processes, especially the Critical Cartography of the Strait of Gibtaltar (2004, developed in collaboration with several social and artistic collective works which operate in that geopolitical

  14. The CD11a binding site of efalizumab in psoriatic skin tissue as analyzed by Multi-Epitope Ligand Cartography robot technology. Introduction of a novel biological drug-binding biochip assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnekoh, B; Böckelmann, R; Pommer, A J; Malykh, Y; Philipsen, L; Gollnick, H

    2007-01-01

    Efalizumab (Raptiva) is an immunomodulating recombinant humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds to CD11a, the alpha-subunit of leukocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1). By blocking the binding of LFA-1 to ICAM-1, efalizumab inhibits the adhesion of leukocytes to other cell types and interferes with the migration of T lymphocytes to sites of inflammation (including psoriatic skin plaques). Analysis of the response in patients treated with efalizumab to date shows that distinct groups of responders and nonresponders to the drug exist. It would therefore be of great practical value to be able to predict which patients are most likely to respond to treatment, by identifying key parameters in the mechanism of action of efalizumab. Detailed investigation and detection of multiple epitopes in microcompartments of skin tissue has until recently been restricted by the available technology. However, the newly developed technique of Multi-Epitope Ligand Cartography (MELC) robot technology combines proteomics and biomathematical tools to visualize protein networks at the cellular and subcellular levels in situ, and to decipher cell functions. The MELC technique, which is outlined in this paper, was used to help characterize the binding of efalizumab to affected and unaffected psoriatic skin as compared to normal control skin under ex vivomodel conditions. Efalizumab was labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and integrated into a MELC library of more than 40 antibodies. These antibodies were selected for their potential to detect epitopes which may be indicative of (a) various cell types, (b) structural components of the extracellular matrix, or (c) the processes of cell proliferation, activation and adhesion. Efalizumab bound to CD11a in affected psoriatic skin by a factor 15x and 32x higher than in unaffected psoriatic skin and normal control skin, respectively. CD11a and the efalizumab binding site were primarily expressed in the extravascular dermis, whereas CD54 (ICAM

  15. Thematic Cartography Based on JFreeChart and ArcGIS JavaScript API%基于JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API的专题制图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾文华; 赵飞; 任福; 杜清运

    2012-01-01

    基于目前迅速发展的WebGIS技术,结合专题地图智能应用的特点,提出了一种JFreeChart图表组件与ArcGIS JavaScript API相结合动态制作网络专题图的方法.该方法利用JFreeChart强大的图表引擎功能,在服务器端构建统计符号库,以JSON和XML等形式获取专题统计数据,根据统计数据特征自动选择适宜表达方式,生成统计符号后与客户端请求的WMS或WFS服务图层叠加生成专题图.以浙江省在线动态专题地图制作软件为例,对JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API结合制作网络专题图进行了应用.实践表明,此方法以网络服务形式提供,动态制图功能扩展更灵活,统计符号类型丰富,能满足不同专业背景用户的制图需求,体现了专题地图智能化的应用.%A new method for Web cartography, which using ArcGIS JavaScript API combined a chart component named JFreeChart, was put forward to make thematic mapping easier in the context of Web. According to this method, the statistic map symbol base was constructed based on JFreeChart in the server end and the statistic data was transferred to the server by the form of JSON and XML, then the appropriate visualization expression was pushed on the basis of the characteristics of statistical data and diagrams were constructed. Finally, a complete thematic map was composed of diagrams from server and some geographic base maps in the client. At last, Zhejiang Online dynamic thematic map production software was taken as an example to show the application of various technique of Web visualization of statistic data based on this method. It showed that the visualization system and method of visualization functions were worthy of spreading.

  16. Une application de la cartographie de potentiel à la caractérisation des matériaux: étalement de charge et effets anormaux sur des films de Polyéthylène Téréphtalate

    OpenAIRE

    Koch, Delphine; Molinié, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    Nous présentons des mesures de cartographie de potentiel de surface effectuées dans le cadre du GdR ME2MS du CNRS, sur des films de polyéthylène téréphtalate. Elles mettent en évidence une migration latérale de la charge, une injection dans certains cas, ainsi que des effets anormaux de remontée du potentiel après dépôt de charges. Diverses modélisations ont été développées mais elles ne semblent pas suffisantes pour expliquer les effets observés. Des effets piézoélectriques ou des forces de ...

  17. La cartografía ambiental como base para los estudios de planificación ecológica del territorio The environmental cartography as a basis for the ecological territorial planning studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Cavallaro

    2010-06-01

    issue of environmental thematic cartography turns into a fundamental tool to achieve the objectives of sustainable development, integrating biophysical and social information. On other hand, the ecological territory planification allows us to identify the land use and the territory tendencies. This methodology involves the natural resources analysis and its actual status. This information provides the alternatives to establish different land uses to promote sustainable improvement of natural resources. The methodological analysis of ecological land planning integrates the stages of characterization and diagnoses stages with the aim of define different land planning and management proposal. The studied area, that includes the Geologic Leaf 4769-II, shows a population increase and economical development which includes oil exploitation and cattle production. This area requires urgent ecological planning studies to guarantee a balanced and sustainable development. The present paper, that uses information elaborated and compiled in the Carta Geoambiental de la Hoja Colonia Las Heras, scale 1:250000, is elaborated using landscape ecology concepts. Through the results achieved not only the distribution of the vegetation communities and their associated fauna but also their close relationship with the prevailing geomorphologic formations becomes evident. Both the satellite analysis as the campaign checkup confirm the rising fragmentation checkup confirm permanent decline of the animal habitats with the subsequent retraction of the communities.

  18. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique des sols de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Étienne Aké

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L'érosion hydrique des sols n'a pas été suffisamment étudiée dans la région de Bonoua au Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire où l'activité économique dominante demeure l'agriculture. Par conséquent, des méthodes de contrôle s'avèrent nécessaires, afin d'assurer une gestion durable des sols et de sécuriser les productions agricoles. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments pour cartographier la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique. L'approche passe par une analyse des principaux facteurs de l'érosion : l'érosivité des pluies, l'érodabilité des sols, la pente et l'occupation des sols. Les cartes obtenues sont intégrées dans un Système d'Information Géographique (SIG à l'aide d'une combinaison additive pour établir une carte de vulnérabilité à l'érosion hydrique. Cette carte est validée par des observations de terrain. Trois classes de vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique ont été distinguées : les zones à faible vulnérabilité (29 % ; les zones à vulnérabilité moyenne (34 % et les zones fortement vulnérables (37 %. Ainsi, dans la région de Bonoua, les classes à moyenne et forte vulnérabilité multifactorielle représentent 71 % de la superficie. Cette première ébauche cartographique est un outil devant aider les décideurs pour l'attribution des zones de cultures et des sites pouvant abriter des infrastructures socio-économiques.Water soils erosion has not been studied enough in the region of Bonoua south-eastern Côte d'Ivoire where major economic activity remains the agriculture. Consequently, control methods are necessary in order to ensure sustainable management of soils and to secure agricultural productions. The objective of this study is to supply tools for mapping multifactorial vulnerability to water soil erosion. The method involves an analysis of the main factors of erosion: rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope and land use

  19. “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada” “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada”. The invention of landscape painting in New Spain's cartography, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Russo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available La producción de mapas por parte de los cartógrafos indígenas, mestizos y españoles en los siglos XVI y XVII, es un laboratorio de increíble riqueza para estudiar los efectos pictóricos que la transformación territorial-administrativa empezada por la conquista tuvo al pasar por la esfera de la creación. En las imágenes, hoy en el Archivo General de la Nación, los pintores locales tuvieron que inventar una nueva forma de visualizar las tierras, los espacios y los paisajes. De esta mina inagotable que es la cartografía colonial de la Nueva España, voy a reflexionar sobre el «paisaje». Los cartógrafos novohispanos renovaron la mirada hacia el territorio inventando soluciones pictóricas totalmente novedosas respecto a las tradiciones artísticas mesoamericanas y europeas. A través del análisis del horizonte histórico y estético propio de estas pinturas —que llamé «el realismo circular»— este trabajo se concentrará en analizar algunos mapas donde la tensión con la realidad cambiante del territorio tuvo los efectos pictóricos más pertinentes para enunciar que uno de los orígenes de la «pintura de paisaje» puede reconocerse adentro de este conjunto tan heterogéneo de imágenes. Al final, creo que debemos deshacernos de los campos y los límites disciplinarios tradicionales para producir un enfoque innovador para el estudio de este tipo de imágenes.The production of maps by native, mestizo and Spanish cartographers during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries represents an extremely rich laboratory for studying the pictorial effects that the territorial-administrative transformation that started with the conquest underwent in the creative arena. In these images, today filed in the General Archive of the Nation, local painters had to invent a new way of visualizing the land, spaces and landscapes. From this eternal mine represented by the New Spain’s colonial cartography, I will focus on the “landscape”. New

  20. Cosmopolitan Speakers and Their Cultural Cartographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros i Solé, Cristina

    2013-01-01

    Language learners' increased mobility and the ubiquity of virtual intercultural encounters has challenged traditional ideas of "cultures". Moreover, representations of cultures as consumable life-choices has meant that learners are no longer locked into standard and static cultural identities. Language learners are better defined as…

  1. Global small-scale lunar cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipskiy, Y. N.; Pskovskiy, Y. P.; Rodionova, Z. F.; Shevchenko, V. V.; Chikmachev, V. I.; Volchkova, L. I.

    1972-01-01

    The primary sources information for compiling this map were the photographs of the visible hemisphere obtained by earth-based observatories, the Luna 3 and Zond 3 pictures, and a small number of Lunar Orbiter pictures. The primary content of the complete lunar map is the surface relief and its tonal characteristics. In preparing the map, particular attention was devoted to the variety of lunar relief forms. The color spectrum of the map was selected not only for the natural coloring of the lunar surface, but also with the objective of achieving maximum expressiveness. A lunar globe to scale 1:10 million was prepared along with the preparation of the map. The scale of the globe, half that of the map, led to some selection and generalization of the relief forms. The globe permits maintaining simultaneously geometric similarity of contours, exact proportions of areas, and identical scales in all directions. The globe was prepared in both the Latin and Russian languages.

  2. Cortical cartography reveals political and physical maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loring, David W; Gaillard, William Davis; Bookheimer, Susan Y; Meador, Kimford J; Ojemann, Jeffrey G

    2014-05-01

    Advances in functional imaging have provided noninvasive techniques to probe brain organization of multiple constructs including language and memory. Because of high overall rates of agreements with older techniques, including Wada testing and cortical stimulation mapping (CSM), some have proposed that those approaches should be largely abandoned because of their invasiveness, and replaced with noninvasive functional imaging methods. High overall agreement, however, is based largely on concordant language lateralization in series dominated by cases of typical cerebral dominance. Advocating a universal switch from Wada testing and cortical stimulation mapping to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) ignores the differences in specific expertise across epilepsy centers, many of which often have greater skill with one approach rather than the other, and that Wada, CSM, fMRI, and MEG protocols vary across institutions resulting in different outcomes and reliability. Specific patient characteristics also affect whether Wada or CSM might influence surgical management, making it difficult to accept broad recommendations against currently useful clinical tools. Although the development of noninvasive techniques has diminished the frequency of more invasive approaches, advocating their use to replace Wada testing and CSM across all epilepsy surgery programs without consideration of the different skills, protocols, and expertise at any given center site is ill-advised.

  3. Genome cartography: charting the apicomplexan genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissinger, Jessica C; DeBarry, Jeremy

    2011-08-01

    Genes reside in particular genomic contexts that can be mapped at many levels. Historically, 'genetic maps' were used primarily to locate genes. Recent technological advances in the determination of genome sequences have made the analysis and comparison of whole genomes possible and increasingly tractable. What do we see if we shift our focus from gene content (the 'inventory' of genes contained within a genome) to the composition and organization of a genome? This review examines what has been learned about the evolution of the apicomplexan genome as well as the significance and impact of genomic location on our understanding of the eukaryotic genome and parasite biology.

  4. MOLA: The Future of Mars Global Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, T. C.; Smith, D. E.; Zuber, M. T.; Frey, H. V.; Garvin, J. B.; Head, J. W.; Muhleman, D. O.; Pettengill, G. H.; Phillips, R. J.; Solomon, S. C.

    1999-01-01

    The MGS Orbiter is carrying the high-precision Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) which, when combined with precision reconstructed orbital data and telemetered attitude data, provides a tie between inertial space and Mars-fixed coordinates to an accuracy of 100 m in latitude / longitude and 10 m in radius (1 sigma), orders of magnitude more accurate than previous global geodetic/ cartographic control data. Over the 2 year MGS mission lifetime, it is expected that over 30,000 MOLA Global Cartographic Control Points will be produced to form the basis for new and re-derived map and geodetic products, key to the analysis of existing and evolving MGS data as well as future Mars exploration. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  5. Applied photo interpretation for airbrush cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inge, J. L.; Bridges, P. M.

    1976-01-01

    New techniques of cartographic portrayal have been developed for the compilation of maps of lunar and planetary surfaces. Conventional photo interpretation methods utilizing size, shape, shadow, tone, pattern, and texture are applied to computer processed satellite television images. The variety of the image data allows the illustrator to interpret image details by inter-comparison and intra-comparison of photographs. Comparative judgements are affected by illumination, resolution, variations in surface coloration, and transmission or processing artifacts. The validity of the interpretation process is tested by making a representational drawing by an airbrush portrayal technique. Production controls insure the consistency of a map series. Photo interpretive cartographic portrayal skills are used to prepare two kinds of map series and are adaptable to map products of different kinds and purposes.

  6. Cartography of human diaphragmatic innervation: preliminary data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verin, Eric; Marie, Jean-Paul; Similowski, Thomas

    2011-04-30

    In humans, anatomy indicates that the phrenic nerve mainly arises from the C4 cervical root, with variable C3 and C5 contributions. How this translates into functional innervation is unknown. The diaphragm response to electrical stimulation of C3, C4 and C5 was described in three patients undergoing surgical laryngeal reinnervation with an upper phrenic root (surface chest electrodes at anterior, lateral and posterior sites; oesophageal and gastric pressures (Pes and Pga) to derive transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi)). Anatomically, the phrenic nerve predominantly originated from C4. Phrenic stimulation elicited motor responses at the three sites in the three patients, as did C4 stimulation. It produced Pdi values of 9, 11, and 14cmH(2)O in the three patients, respectively, vs. 9, 9, and 7cmH(2)O for C4. C3 stimulation produced modest Pdi responses, whereas C5 stimulation could produce Pdi responses close to those observed with C4 stimulation. These singular observations confirm the dominance of C4 in diaphragm innervation but suggest than C5 can be of importance.

  7. Surface coordinates and cartography of Mercury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, M. E.; Batson, R. M.

    1975-01-01

    A control net of Mercury has been established photogrammetrically by using the Mariner 10 pictures; coordinates of 1328 points are given. The Mariner 10 coordinate system uses a system of longitudes in which the twentieth meridian passes through the center of the small crater Hun Kal and the spin axis is assumed normal to the orbital plane. A reference mosaic of Mercury has been published, and a series of 1:5,000,000 maps is now being produced.

  8. Geodesy and cartography of the Martian satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.; Edwards, Kathleen; Duxbury, T. C.

    1992-01-01

    The difficulties connected with conventional maps of Phobos and Deimos are largely overcome by producing maps in digital forms, i.e., by projecting Viking Orbiter images onto a global topographic model made from collections of radii derived by photogrammetry. The resulting digital mosaics are then formatted as arrays of body-centered latitudes, longitudes, radii, and brightness values of Viking Orbiter images. The Phobos mapping described was done with Viking Orbiter data. Significant new coverage was obtained by the Soviet Phobos mission. The mapping of Deimos is in progress, using the techniques developed for Phobos.

  9. The cartography of Venus with Magellan data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, R. L.; Morgan, H. F.; Russell, J. F.

    1993-01-01

    Maps of Venus based on Magellan data are being compiled at 1:50,000,000, 1:5,000,000 and 1:1,500,000 scales. Topographic contour lines based on radar altimetry data are overprinted on the image maps, along with feature nomenclature. Map controls are based on existing knowledge of the spacecraft orbit; photogrammetric triangulation, a traditional basis for geodetic control for bodies where framing cameras were used, is not feasible with the radar images of Venus. Preliminary synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image maps have some data gaps and cosmetic inconsistencies, which will be corrected on final compilations. Eventual revision of geodetic controls and of the adopted Venusian spin-axis location will result in geometric adjustments, particularly on large-scale maps.

  10. Automatic cartography techniques for earth resources research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edson, D. T.

    1970-01-01

    Progress in developing instrumentation and software for the EROS user facilities is reported. Significant progress has been made in developing the USGS binary-mode scanning digitizer which is described in detail. Other instrumentation and processes discussed include profile-generating techniques, a manual digitizer, image correlation systems, and some new photomechanical data processing techniques.

  11. Participatory mapping new data, new cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Plantin, Jean-Christophe

    2014-01-01

    This book is intended for applications of online digital mapping, called mashups (or composite application), and to analyze the mapping practices in online socio-technical controversies. The hypothesis put forward is that the ability to create an online map accompanies the formation of online audience and provides support for a position in a debate on the Web.The first part provides a study of the map: - a combination of map and statistical reason- crosses between map theories and CIS theories- recent developments in scanning the map, from Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Web map.The second part is based on a corpus of twenty "mashup" maps, and offers a techno-semiotic analysis highlighting the "thickness of the mediation" they are in a process of communication on the Web. Map as a device to "make do" is thus replaced through these stages of creation, ranging from digital data in their viewing, before describing the construction of the map as a tool for visual evidence in public debates, and ending wit...

  12. L'impossible cartographie du terrorisme

    OpenAIRE

    Bigo, Didier

    2005-01-01

    Le terrorisme n'existe pas : ou plus exactement, ce n'est pas un concept utilisable par les sciences sociales et la stratégie. En revanche l'usage du terme a une forte signification politique. Pour expliquer ce paradoxe apparent, il est nécessaire d'analyser les usages du terme terrorisme et leurs implications. Nous qu'adversaires en présence comme tiers, victimes, font du terrorisme une forme de conflit spécifique qui aurait sa propre unité et qui pourrait être analysé selon une grille de le...

  13. Intracortical cartography in an agranular area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon M. G Shepherd

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A well-defined granular layer 4 is a defining cytoarchitectonic feature associated with sensory areas of mammalian cerebral cortex, and one with hodological significance: the local axons ascending from cells in thalamorecipient layer 4 and connecting to layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons form a major feedforward excitatory interlaminar projection. Conversely, agranular cortical areas, lacking a distinct layer 4, pose a hodological conundrum: without a laminar basis for the canonical layer 4→2/3 pathway, what is the basic circuit organization? This review highlights current challenges and prospects for local-circuit electroanatomy and electrophysiology in agranular cortex, focusing on the mouse. Different lines of evidence, drawn primarily from studies of motor areas in frontal cortex in rodents, support the view that synaptic circuits in agranular cortex are organized around prominent descending excitatory layer 2/3→5 pathways targeting multiple classes of projection neurons.

  14. Progress and Challenges in Infectious Disease Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Moritz U G; Hay, Simon I; Pigott, David M; Smith, David L; Wint, G R William; Golding, Nick

    2016-01-01

    Quantitatively mapping the spatial distributions of infectious diseases is key to both investigating their epidemiology and identifying populations at risk of infection. Important advances in data quality and methodologies have allowed for better investigation of disease risk and its association with environmental factors. However, incorporating dynamic human behavioural processes in disease mapping remains challenging. For example, connectivity among human populations, a key driver of pathogen dispersal, has increased sharply over the past century, along with the availability of data derived from mobile phones and other dynamic data sources. Future work must be targeted towards the rapid updating and dissemination of appropriately designed disease maps to guide the public health community in reducing the global burden of infectious disease.

  15. Automated cartography by an autonomous mobile robot

    OpenAIRE

    Merrell, Mark L.

    1999-01-01

    The major goal of this thesis was to create a map of a room by an autonomous mobile robot using the robot's internal odometry measurements and ultrasonic sensors. Yamabico, an autonomous mobile robot, will be controlled by Model-based Mobile robot Language (MML). The research for this thesis included the development of an algorithm to use information from the line-fitting capability of MML. It also included research about the inherent errors that are incurred using sonar for precise measureme...

  16. Cartography of the sun and the stars

    CERN Document Server

    Neiner, Coralie

    2016-01-01

    The mapping of the surface of stars requires diverse skills, analysis techniques and advanced modeling, i.e. the collaboration of scientists in various specialties. This volume gives insights into new techniques allowing for the first time to obtain resolved images of stars. It takes stock of what has been achieved so far in Chile, on the ESO VLTI instrument or, in the States, on the CHARA instrument. In recent times interferometry, combined with adaptive optics has allowed to reconstruct images of stars. Besides the Sun (of course) by now five stars have been resolved in detail. In addition to interferometry, this book highlights techniques used for mapping the surfaces of stars using photometry made by space observatories; Zeeman- and Doppler Imaging; mapping the surface element abundances via spectroscopy. This book will also take stock of the best images of the  solar surface, made by connecting the differential rotation to the underlying physical parameters derived from helioseismology. Recent measureme...

  17. Agro-fuels, a cartography of stakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document proposes a dashboard of the main issues regarding agro-fuels. Nine sheets propose basic information and data on these issues: 1- agro-fuel production and consumption in the world (ethanol, vegetable oils, perspective for demand in the transport sector), 2- energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions (energy assessments and greenhouse effect of agro-fuels, discrepancies of results between first-generation European agro-fuels, case of agro-fuels produced in Southern countries), 3- needed surfaces in Europe (land use and cultivable areas for agro-fuel production in Europe and in France, competition between food and energy crops), 4- deforestation in the South (relationship between agriculture, deforestation and agro-fuels, between deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions), 5- impacts on biodiversity (use of pesticides and fertilizers, large scale cultivations and single-crop farming, cultivation of fallow land and permanent meadows, deforestation in the South, relationship between agro-fuels and GMOs), 6- impacts on water, soil and air (water quality and availability, soil erosion, compaction and fertility loss, air quality), 7- food-related and social stakes (issue of food security, social impacts of agro-fuel production with pressure on family agriculture and issues of land property), 8- public supports and economic efficiency (public promotion of agro-fuels, agro-fuel and oil prices, assessment of the 'avoided' CO2 ton), and 9- perspectives for second-generation agro-fuels (definitions and processes, benefits with respect to first-generation fuels, possible impacts on the environment, barriers to their development)

  18. La cartografía conceptual y su utilidad para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural: El Quijote como ejemplo An approach to Don Quixote de la Mancha to illustrate the use of conceptual cartography in the study of reading as a historical-cultural practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Vivas Moreno

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objeto exponer las claves sobre la utilización de las modernas cartografías conceptuales para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural. Tras una breve revisión de las prácticas de lectura desde la alfabetización clásica hasta sus nuevas funciones en el siglo XXI, examinaremos la cartografía conceptual como metodología de investigación, centrándonos en el procedimiento concreto de las cuadrículas de dominio, que pueden aliarse con técnicas documentales (como por ejemplo un tesauro que se complementa perfectamente con la cuadrícula para producir avanzados instrumentos de información. A modo de ejemplo, veremos cómo analizar la lectura en El Quijote a partir de dicha metodología, basada en una tesis de doctorado leída en 2008. En este caso concreto, las cuadrículas de dominio se complementan con un tesauro elaborado ad hoc, de modo que los hiperónimos de las cuatro cuadrículas de dominio (Creación, Instrucción, Materialidad y Preservación corresponden a las cabezas de jerarquía del tesauro. Así, conseguimos una simbiosis cartografía / lenguaje documental que se materializa en un sistema de información integral.The aim of this work is to suggest some keys for using the new conceptual cartographies for studying reading as a historical and cultural practice. After a brief overview of reading practices, from classical literacy to its new roles in the twenty-first century, an examination ensues of conceptual cartography as a research methodology, focusing on the specific procedure of domain grids linked to information and documental resources for producing advanced information instruments. An analysis of reading oí Don Quixote based on this methodology serves as illustration. In this case, domain grids complement a thesaurus made ad hoc in such a way that the superordinate domain grids (Creation, Instruction, Materiality and Preservation match the hierarchy headings of the

  19. A cartografia na enfermagem: uma proposta de abordagem metodológica La cartografía en la enfermería: una propuesta de enfoque metodológico The cartography at nursing: a proposal of a methodological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Regina Virginio Moraes de Catrib

    2010-06-01

    construcción del conocimiento que caracteriza los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del mundo social.La realización de pesquisas en el área de enfermería que se valgan de la utilización de la cartografía es algo todavía difícil de encontrarse. Sin embargo, se cree que la cartografía puede hacer contribuciones para la construcción del conocimiento, caracterizando los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del espacio.It is an experience based report which aims to describe the cartography application on data collection for a doctorate thesis in which the object of this study deals with strategies of the nursing team in front of hospitalized children with Infectious Diseases. The text discusses the geography-cartography technique and its usage / application for nursing studies and researches. This technique allows the construction of knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space. It favors a reading beyond the practices boarders, the realities and also an understanding of specialties, revealing itself as a process with meaning for a world social understanding. The development of nursing research using the cartography is still unusual. However, we believe that the cartography can strongly cooperate with the construction of a knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space.

  20. REPRESENTACIONES DEL ESPACIO PATAGÓNICO: UNA INTERPRETACIÓN DE LA CARTOGRAFÍA JESUÍTICA DE LOS SIGLOS XVII Y XVIII REPRESENTATIONS OF THE PATAGONIAN SPACE: AN INTERPRETATION OF 17TH- AND 18TH-CENTURY JESUIT CARTOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis I de Lasa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La cartografía jesuítica constituye una fuente privilegiada para acceder a las formas de producción y uso del conocimiento geográfico y cartográfico referido a las fronteras australes del imperio español. Considerando que los mapas elaborados por los misioneros de la Compañía de Jesús son los primeros en integrar explícitamente el conocimiento espacial de los habitantes del territorio, indagamos sobre las condiciones de obtención de la información, las estrategias de apropiación y organización de los saberes indígenas y la compatibilización de distintas concepciones y representaciones del espacio en la elaboración del mapa. Atendiendo al uso de la producción de los jesuitas, identificamos los principales beneficiarios de este saber calificado. En este estudio examinamos los mapas generales de Patagonia de Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749 y 1751 y Thomas Falkner (1772.Jesuit cartography serves as an exceptional sourcefor gaining access to the ways of production and use of the geographical and cartographic knowledge related to the southern borders of the Spanish empire. Taking into account that the maps produced by the missionaries from the Society ofJesus were the first to explicitly incorporate the spatial knowledge of the local inhabitants, we examined the conditions for collecting information, the strategiesfor appropriation and organization ofindigenous lore and the reconciliation ofdifferent spatial conceptions and representations upon producing the map. Considering the use made of the Jesuit production, we have identified the main beneficiaries from this intimate knowledge. At the present study we examine the general maps ofPatagonia produced by Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749y 1751 and Thomas Falkner (1772.

  1. Performing Sociology Through Actor-Network Theory: From Impressionist Cartography to the Dirtiness of Mediations Hacer sociología a través de la teoría del actor-red: de la cartografía impresionista a la suciedad de las mediaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Muriel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to outline the existence of certain problems I have found during my research work, within sociology discipline, when it comes to follow some of the main threads of the complex fabric that constitutes the Actor-Network Theory (ANT. In the same way, I suggest some possible subterfuges to go around those problems. Two are the problems and two are the subterfuges as well destined to tackle them. On the one hand, I face the problem of the magnitude and fidelity that ANT's descriptions demand, thoroughly detailed and local, which clashes with the requirements of sociological theory that seeks abstractions and regularities. The subterfuge I propose is the one called "impressionist cartography". On the other hand, I bump into the difficulty of the irreversibility of mediations and the sanitized representations carried out, sometimes, by ANT. In order to fight this, I use the subterfuge oriented to adopt the premise of the "inevitable dirtiness of mediations". En este artículo intento proponer un esbozo de ciertos problemas que me he encontrado en el transcurro de mi investigación, dentro de la disciplina de la sociología, cuando he intentado seguir algunas de las principales tramas del complejo entramado de la teoría del actor-red (ANT, así como de los subterfugios que planteo para bordearlos. Dos son los problemas y dos los posibles subterfugios para abordarlos. Por un lado, me encuentro con el problema de la envergadura y fidelidad de las descripciones que exige la ANT, muy localizadas y minuciosas, que choca con los requerimientos de la teoría sociológica que busca regularidades y abstracciones. El subterfugio que planteo es el de la "cartografía impresionista". Por otro lado, me topo con la dificultad de la

  2. Localisation et Cartographie Simultanées avec Vision Monoculaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lemaire, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    This thesis tackles the Simultaneous Localisation And Mapping problem (SLAM for short). When the robot moves in an unknown environment, it has to incrementally build a map of the environment while using this map to localise itself. A SLAM algorithm is a fundamental part of the architecture of a fully autonomous robot. Several elements are required to solve SLAM, among which perception is of main importance since it produces observations of the objects of the environment (referred as landmarks...

  3. Cancer CARtography: charting out a new approach to cancer immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Jaina M; Dale, Gordon A; Vartabedian, Vincent F; Dey, Paulami; Selvaraj, Periasamy

    2014-01-01

    Evaluation of: Davila ML, Riviere I, Wang X et al. Efficacy and toxicity management of 19-28z CAR T cell therapy in B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Sci. Transl. Med. 6(224), 224ra25 (2014). Recently, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy has entered clinical trials in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. 19-28z CAR T cells express a fusion protein comprised of an anti-CD19 mAb fused with CD28 costimulatory and CD3-zeta-chain signaling domains. The current paper demonstrates that administration of 19-28z CAR T cells in patients with relapsed or refractory B-ALL in a Phase I clinical trial has led to 88% of patients undergoing complete remission. Despite the benefits, CAR T-cell therapy is associated with cytokine release syndrome toxicities. The authors demonstrated criteria to diagnose severe cytokine release syndrome (sCRS) and treated sCRS with either high-dose steroids or with tocilizumab, an IL-6 receptor-specific mAb. Although both alleviated sCRS, steroid treatment negated the beneficial effects of CAR T-cell therapy, whereas tocilizumab did not. Taken together, CAR T-cell immunotherapy can be used as a safe and effective approach against tumors with known tumor-associated antigens.

  4. Why Geography Still Needs Pen and Ink Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Mary Ann

    2005-01-01

    Maps are fundamental in geographic explanation and education, but as map-making becomes firmly entrenched in the GIS lab, it becomes harder for students to imagine how they can make maps for their papers. Students need to illustrate papers with maps: among other things, maps provide clarity, links to real places, and insights into patterns and…

  5. MOLA: The New Approach for Mars Global Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    The MGS Orbiter is carrying the high-precision Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) which, when combined with telemetered latitude data, provides a tie between inertial space and Mars-fixed coordinates to an accuracy of 100 m in latitude/longitude and 10 m in radius (1 sigma), orders of magnitude more accurate than previous global geodetic/ cartographic control data. Over the 2 year MGS mission lifetime, it is expected that over 30,000 MOLA Global Cartographic Control Points will be produced to form the basis for new and re-derived map and geodetic products, key to the analysis of existing and evolving MGS data as well as future Mars exploration.

  6. Planetary cartography in the next decade (1984 - 1994)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    The cartographic products required to support science and planetary exploration during the next 10 years were assessed. Only major map series or first order maps needed to characterize the surface physiography of a planet or satellite were considered. Included in these considerations are maps needed as bases for plotting geologic, geophysical, and atmospheric phenomena and for planning future planetary exploration. These products consist of three types of maps: controlled photomosaics, shaded relief maps, and topographic contour maps.

  7. Molecular cartography of the human skin surface in 3D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouslimani, Amina; Porto, Carla; Rath, Christopher M; Wang, Mingxun; Guo, Yurong; Gonzalez, Antonio; Berg-Lyon, Donna; Ackermann, Gail; Moeller Christensen, Gitte Julie; Nakatsuji, Teruaki; Zhang, Lingjuan; Borkowski, Andrew W; Meehan, Michael J; Dorrestein, Kathleen; Gallo, Richard L; Bandeira, Nuno; Knight, Rob; Alexandrov, Theodore; Dorrestein, Pieter C

    2015-04-28

    The human skin is an organ with a surface area of 1.5-2 m(2) that provides our interface with the environment. The molecular composition of this organ is derived from host cells, microbiota, and external molecules. The chemical makeup of the skin surface is largely undefined. Here we advance the technologies needed to explore the topographical distribution of skin molecules, using 3D mapping of mass spectrometry data and microbial 16S rRNA amplicon sequences. Our 3D maps reveal that the molecular composition of skin has diverse distributions and that the composition is defined not only by skin cells and microbes but also by our daily routines, including the application of hygiene products. The technological development of these maps lays a foundation for studying the spatial relationships of human skin with hygiene, the microbiota, and environment, with potential for developing predictive models of skin phenotypes tailored to individual health.

  8. Probabilistic cartography of the large-scale structure

    CERN Document Server

    Leclercq, Florent; Lavaux, Guilhem; Wandelt, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    The BORG algorithm is an inference engine that derives the initial conditions given a cosmological model and galaxy survey data, and produces physical reconstructions of the underlying large-scale structure by assimilating the data into the model. We present the application of BORG to real galaxy catalogs and describe the primordial and late-time large-scale structure in the considered volumes. We then show how these results can be used for building various probabilistic maps of the large-scale structure, with rigorous propagation of uncertainties. In particular, we study dynamic cosmic web elements and secondary effects in the cosmic microwave background.

  9. Lunar cartography with the Apollo 17 ALSE radar imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiernan, M.; Roth, L.; Thompson, T. W.; Elachi, C.; Brown, W. E., Jr.

    1976-01-01

    Lunar position differences between thirteen craters in Mare Serenitatis were computed from VHF radar-imagery obtained by the Lunar Sounder instrument flown on the Apollo 17 command module. The radar-derived position differences agree with those obtained by conventional photogrammetric reductions of Apollo metric photography. This demonstrates the feasibility of using the Apollo Lunar Sounder data to determine the positions of lunar features along the Apollo 17 orbital tracks. This will be particularly useful for western limb and farside areas, where no Apollo metric camera pictures are available.

  10. Cartographies: Graduate Education, SOTL and the Third Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremonte, Colleen M.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the ways in which the scholarship of teaching and learning (SOTL) can be integrated into graduate education in the humanities to support future faculty preparation in teaching. Drawing on data from a multi-year project at a research-1 institution in the United States, and theories from postmodern geography and postcolonial…

  11. SIR-B cartography and stereo topographic mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobrick, M.; Leberi, F.; Raggam, J.; Domik, G.; Welch, R.; Carr, H.; Hammak, J.; Kaupp, V.; Macdonald, H. C.; Waite, W. P.

    1984-01-01

    The SIR-B mapping experiment which will evaluate the utility of SAR images taken singularly, in pairs, and in combination with other data sets for cartographic, topographic, and thematic mapping, and determine the optimum configuration of a SAR system for future mapping mission is outlined. SIR-B is the first orbital imaging radar mission which will incorporate maintenance of geometric image fidelity along with careful calibration and documentation of internal timing and frequency parameters. This along and and the multiple incidence angle images of the same target which are necessary for stereoscopy and topographic mapping, make it the ideal opportunity for cartographic experimentation. It is emphasized that comprises a significant part of the overall experiment objectives.

  12. Quasar Cartography: from Black Hole to Broad Line Region Scales

    CERN Document Server

    Chelouche, Doron

    2013-01-01

    A generalized approach to reverberation mapping (RM) is presented, which is applicable to broad- and narrow-band photometric data, as well as to spectroscopic observations. It is based on multivariate correlation analysis techniques and, in its present implementation, is able to identify reverberating signals across the accretion disk and the broad line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Statistical tests are defined to assess the significance of time-delay measurements using this approach, and the limitations of the adopted formalism are discussed. It is shown how additional constraints on some of the parameters of the problem may be incorporated into the analysis thereby leading to improved results. When applied to a sample of 14 Seyfert 1 galaxies having good-quality high-cadence photometric data, accretion disk scales and BLR sizes are simultaneously determined, on a case-by-case basis, in most objects. The BLR scales deduced here are in good agreement with the findings of independent spectrosc...

  13. Recognition of handprinted characters for automated cartography A progress report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lybanon, M.; Brown, R. M.; Gronmeyer, L. K.

    1980-01-01

    A research program for developing handwritten character recognition techniques is reported. The generation of cartographic/hydrographic manuscripts is overviewed. The performance of hardware/software systems is discussed, along with future research problem areas and planned approaches.

  14. Yet another method for triangulation and contouring for automated cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Floriani, L.; Falcidieno, B.; Nasy, G.; Pienovi, C.

    1982-01-01

    An algorithm is presented for hierarchical subdivision of a set of three-dimensional surface observations. The data structure used for obtaining the desired triangulation is also singularly appropriate for extracting contours. Some examples are presented, and the results obtained are compared with those given by Delaunay triangulation. The data points selected by the algorithm provide a better approximation to the desired surface than do randomly selected points.

  15. Comparative analysis of methods for genome-wide nucleosome cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintales, Luis; Vázquez, Enrique; Antequera, Francisco

    2015-07-01

    Nucleosomes contribute to compacting the genome into the nucleus and regulate the physical access of regulatory proteins to DNA either directly or through the epigenetic modifications of the histone tails. Precise mapping of nucleosome positioning across the genome is, therefore, essential to understanding the genome regulation. In recent years, several experimental protocols have been developed for this purpose that include the enzymatic digestion, chemical cleavage or immunoprecipitation of chromatin followed by next-generation sequencing of the resulting DNA fragments. Here, we compare the performance and resolution of these methods from the initial biochemical steps through the alignment of the millions of short-sequence reads to a reference genome to the final computational analysis to generate genome-wide maps of nucleosome occupancy. Because of the lack of a unified protocol to process data sets obtained through the different approaches, we have developed a new computational tool (NUCwave), which facilitates their analysis, comparison and assessment and will enable researchers to choose the most suitable method for any particular purpose. NUCwave is freely available at http://nucleosome.usal.es/nucwave along with a step-by-step protocol for its use.

  16. Pacific Health Research Guidelines: The Cartography of an Ethical Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mila-Schaaf, Karlo

    2009-01-01

    In 2004 the Health Research Council of New Zealand (HRC) published a set of "Guidelines on Pacific health research". The Guidelines were an attempt to articulate the features of ethical research relationships with Pacific peoples living in Aotearoa New Zealand. This article describes the process of developing these guidelines, using Pacific…

  17. Technology: Cookies, Web Profilers, Social Network Cartography, and Proxy Servers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, Royal

    2004-01-01

    The Internet was designed as an open system that promoted the two-way flow of information. In other words, everything that is sent has a return address called an IP or Internet Protocol address of the form: 000.11.222.33. Whenever you connect to a website, the site learns your IP address. It also learns the type of computer you are using, the…

  18. Cartography of asteroids and comet nuclei from low resolution data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stooke, Philip J.

    1992-01-01

    High resolution images of non-spherical objects, such as Viking images of Phobos and the anticipated Galileo images of Gaspra, lend themselves to conventional planetary cartographic procedures: control network analysis, stereophotogrammetry, image mosaicking in 2D or 3D, and airbrush mapping. There remains the problem of a suitable map projection for bodies which are extremely elongated or irregular in shape. Many bodies will soon be seen at lower resolution (5-30 pixels across the disk) in images from speckle interferometry, the Hubble Space Telescope, ground-based radar, distinct spacecraft encounters, and closer images degraded by smear. Different data with similar effective resolutions are available from stellar occultations, radar or lightcurve convex hulls, lightcurve modeling of albedo variations, and cometary jet modeling. With such low resolution, conventional methods of shape determination will be less useful or will fail altogether, leaving limb and terminator topography as the principal sources of topographic information. A method for shape determination based on limb and terminator topography was developed. It has been applied to the nucleus of Comet Halley and the jovian satellite Amalthea. The Amalthea results are described to give an example of the cartographic possibilities and problems of anticipated data sets.

  19. The cartography of pain: the evolving contribution of pain maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schott, Geoffrey D

    2010-09-01

    Pain maps are nowadays widely used in clinical practice. This article aims to critically review the fundamental principles that underlie the mapping of pain, to analyse the evolving iconography of pain maps and their sometimes straightforward and sometimes contentious nature when used in the clinic, and to draw attention to some more recent developments in mapping pain. It is concluded that these maps are intriguing and evolving cartographic tools which can be used for depicting not only the spatial features but also the interpretative or perceptual components and accompaniments of pain.

  20. Displays, instruments, and the multi-dimensional world of cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mccleary, George F., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Cartographers are creators and purveyors of maps. Maps are representations of space, geographical images of the environment. Maps organize spatial information for convenience, particularly for use in performing tasks which involve the environment. There are many different kinds of maps, and there are as many different uses of maps as there are spatial problems to be solved. Maps and the display instrument dichotomy are examined. Also examined are the categories of map use along with the characteristics of maps.

  1. Bayesian geostatistics in health cartography: the perspective of malaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Anand P; Gething, Peter W; Piel, Frédéric B; Hay, Simon I

    2011-06-01

    Maps of parasite prevalences and other aspects of infectious diseases that vary in space are widely used in parasitology. However, spatial parasitological datasets rarely, if ever, have sufficient coverage to allow exact determination of such maps. Bayesian geostatistics (BG) is a method for finding a large sample of maps that can explain a dataset, in which maps that do a better job of explaining the data are more likely to be represented. This sample represents the knowledge that the analyst has gained from the data about the unknown true map. BG provides a conceptually simple way to convert these samples to predictions of features of the unknown map, for example regional averages. These predictions account for each map in the sample, yielding an appropriate level of predictive precision.

  2. A cartography of the van der Waals territories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Santiago

    2013-06-28

    The distribution of distances from atoms of a particular element E to a probe atom X (oxygen in most cases), both bonded and intermolecular non-bonded contacts, has been analyzed. In general, the distribution is characterized by a maximum at short E···X distances corresponding to chemical bonds, followed by a range of unpopulated distances--the van der Waals gap--and a second maximum at longer distances--the van der Waals peak--superimposed on a random distribution function that roughly follows a d(3) dependence. The analysis of more than five million interatomic "non-bonded" distances has led to the proposal of a consistent set of van der Waals radii for most naturally occurring elements, and its applicability to other element pairs has been tested for a set of more than three million data, all of them compared to over one million bond distances.

  3. Creating a Coyote Cartography: Critical Regionalism at the Border

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Caleb

    2015-01-01

    This article develops and deploys critical regionalism as a theoretical framework that enables a comparative transnational critique of North American border regions. Taking its lead from developments in the field of Postwestern Studies it incorporates critical metaphors drawn from Deleuzian philosophy in the form of nomadism and nomadic thought. Examining the nomadic traits of Coyote (the trickster) and coyote (the people smuggler), the article develops a comparative literature approach that ...

  4. Cartography For Cooperative Manoeuvres With Autonomous Land Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    González Fernández-Vallejo, Carlos; Pedro Lucio, María Teresa de; Alonso Ruiz, Javier; Milanés Montero, Vicente; Onieva Caracuel, Enrique; Pérez, Joshué

    2011-01-01

    International audience This article presents a cartographic system to facilitate cooperative manoeuvres among autonomous vehicles in a well-known environment. The main objective is to design an extended cartographic system to help in the navigation of autonomous vehicles. This system has to allow the vehicles not only to access the reference points needed for navigation, but also noticeable information such as the location and type of traffic signals, the proximity to a crossing, the stree...

  5. Introduction: historical geographies of science – places, contexts, cartographies

    OpenAIRE

    Naylor, S.

    2005-01-01

    This paper outlines the contours of a historical geography of science. It begins by arguing for the relevance of spatially oriented histories of scientific thought and practice. The paper then considers three different historical geographies of science: those concerned with the places and spaces of science, those that detail the spatial contexts of scientific endeavour, and those that analyse the internal ‘cartographies’ of scientific theories and methods. The paper concludes with a discussio...

  6. Whole-genome cartography of estrogen receptor alpha binding sites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Yo Lin

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Using a chromatin immunoprecipitation-paired end diTag cloning and sequencing strategy, we mapped estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha binding sites in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. We identified 1,234 high confidence binding clusters of which 94% are projected to be bona fide ERalpha binding regions. Only 5% of the mapped estrogen receptor binding sites are located within 5 kb upstream of the transcriptional start sites of adjacent genes, regions containing the proximal promoters, whereas vast majority of the sites are mapped to intronic or distal locations (>5 kb from 5' and 3' ends of adjacent transcript, suggesting transcriptional regulatory mechanisms over significant physical distances. Of all the identified sites, 71% harbored putative full estrogen response elements (EREs, 25% bore ERE half sites, and only 4% had no recognizable ERE sequences. Genes in the vicinity of ERalpha binding sites were enriched for regulation by estradiol in MCF-7 cells, and their expression profiles in patient samples segregate ERalpha-positive from ERalpha-negative breast tumors. The expression dynamics of the genes adjacent to ERalpha binding sites suggest a direct induction of gene expression through binding to ERE-like sequences, whereas transcriptional repression by ERalpha appears to be through indirect mechanisms. Our analysis also indicates a number of candidate transcription factor binding sites adjacent to occupied EREs at frequencies much greater than by chance, including the previously reported FOXA1 sites, and demonstrate the potential involvement of one such putative adjacent factor, Sp1, in the global regulation of ERalpha target genes. Unexpectedly, we found that only 22%-24% of the bona fide human ERalpha binding sites were overlapping conserved regions in whole genome vertebrate alignments, which suggest limited conservation of functional binding sites. Taken together, this genome-scale analysis suggests complex but definable rules governing ERalpha binding and gene regulation.

  7. Méthodologie de recherche en cartographie criminelle

    OpenAIRE

    Donnay, Jean-Paul; Trotta, Marie; Kasprzyk, Jean-Paul

    2013-01-01

    Presentation of the original research methods conducted by the Geomatics unit of the University of Liege, on environmental criminology, geographic profiling, and business intelligence in crime mapping.

  8. Comparative analysis of methods for genome-wide nucleosome cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintales, Luis; Vázquez, Enrique; Antequera, Francisco

    2015-07-01

    Nucleosomes contribute to compacting the genome into the nucleus and regulate the physical access of regulatory proteins to DNA either directly or through the epigenetic modifications of the histone tails. Precise mapping of nucleosome positioning across the genome is, therefore, essential to understanding the genome regulation. In recent years, several experimental protocols have been developed for this purpose that include the enzymatic digestion, chemical cleavage or immunoprecipitation of chromatin followed by next-generation sequencing of the resulting DNA fragments. Here, we compare the performance and resolution of these methods from the initial biochemical steps through the alignment of the millions of short-sequence reads to a reference genome to the final computational analysis to generate genome-wide maps of nucleosome occupancy. Because of the lack of a unified protocol to process data sets obtained through the different approaches, we have developed a new computational tool (NUCwave), which facilitates their analysis, comparison and assessment and will enable researchers to choose the most suitable method for any particular purpose. NUCwave is freely available at http://nucleosome.usal.es/nucwave along with a step-by-step protocol for its use. PMID:25296770

  9. Academic cartography: Understanding the directions of modern biological science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Leah Grace

    2007-12-01

    Over the last three decades, the biological research has undergone drastic change. In addition to the many scientific and technological advancements, the legal, and hence economic, structures within which biological research occurs have also been significantly altered. In the early 1980's the patent laws were extended to encompass almost all products of biological research, including living organisms, and the U.S. Congress passed a series of laws which encouraged the intertwining of academic and industrial interests. This research explores how these legal and economic changes have shaped academic research agendas in the biological sciences. Using the University of California, Berkeley as a case study, I have employed a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods to (a) map the directions of biological research occurring in the four main UC Berkeley biology departments over the last two and a half decades, (b) characterize industrial involvement in biological research at UC Berkeley, and (c) understand the decision making calculus scientists and university administrators employ in crafting their personal research agendas and the research directions for their departments and colleges. This dissertation elucidates the necessary convergence of interests, resources, and skills required for any research project to proceed, explores the motivation of academic strength in both the laboratory and the university as a whole, and finally examines the co-construction of the cutting edge These concepts offer new insight into understanding the processes through which science takes its shape.

  10. CARTOGRAPHY, GIS AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB. (R825195)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  11. Cartographie des risques technologiques majeurs: nouvelles perspectives avec les SIG

    OpenAIRE

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann; Loïc Ravenel; Thierry Saint-Gérand

    2002-01-01

    L'élaboration d'une base de données localisées adaptée aux risques technologiques majeurs et son exploitation par un système d'information géographique ont permis d'établir une typologie des zones à risques basée sur le couple accident-vulnérabilité et d'élaborer des cartes de synthèse pouvant apporter une véritable aide à la concertation et à la prise de décision.

  12. Cartographie des risques technologiques majeurs: nouvelles perspectives avec les SIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available L'élaboration d'une base de données localisées adaptée aux risques technologiques majeurs et son exploitation par un système d'information géographique ont permis d'établir une typologie des zones à risques basée sur le couple accident-vulnérabilité et d'élaborer des cartes de synthèse pouvant apporter une véritable aide à la concertation et à la prise de décision.

  13. Expression cartography of human tissues using self organizing maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Löffler Markus

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parallel high-throughput microarray and sequencing experiments produce vast quantities of multidimensional data which must be arranged and analyzed in a concerted way. One approach to addressing this challenge is the machine learning technique known as self organizing maps (SOMs. SOMs enable a parallel sample- and gene-centered view of genomic data combined with strong visualization and second-level analysis capabilities. The paper aims at bridging the gap between the potency of SOM-machine learning to reduce dimension of high-dimensional data on one hand and practical applications with special emphasis on gene expression analysis on the other hand. Results The method was applied to generate a SOM characterizing the whole genome expression profiles of 67 healthy human tissues selected from ten tissue categories (adipose, endocrine, homeostasis, digestion, exocrine, epithelium, sexual reproduction, muscle, immune system and nervous tissues. SOM mapping reduces the dimension of expression data from ten of thousands of genes to a few thousand metagenes, each representing a minicluster of co-regulated single genes. Tissue-specific and common properties shared between groups of tissues emerge as a handful of localized spots in the tissue maps collecting groups of co-regulated and co-expressed metagenes. The functional context of the spots was discovered using overrepresentation analysis with respect to pre-defined gene sets of known functional impact. We found that tissue related spots typically contain enriched populations of genes related to specific molecular processes in the respective tissue. Analysis techniques normally used at the gene-level such as two-way hierarchical clustering are better represented and provide better signal-to-noise ratios if applied to the metagenes. Metagene-based clustering analyses aggregate the tissues broadly into three clusters containing nervous, immune system and the remaining tissues. Conclusions The SOM technique provides a more intuitive and informative global view of the behavior of a few well-defined modules of correlated and differentially expressed genes than the separate discovery of the expression levels of hundreds or thousands of individual genes. The program is available as R-package 'oposSOM'.

  14. Semantics-informed cartography: the case of Piemonte Geological Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piana, Fabrizio; Lombardo, Vincenzo; Mimmo, Dario; Giardino, Marco; Fubelli, Giandomenico

    2016-04-01

    In modern digital geological maps, namely those supported by a large geo-database and devoted to dynamical, interactive representation on WMS-WebGIS services, there is the need to provide, in an explicit form, the geological assumptions used for the design and compilation of the database of the Map, and to get a definition and/or adoption of semantic representation and taxonomies, in order to achieve a formal and interoperable representation of the geologic knowledge. These approaches are fundamental for the integration and harmonisation of geological information and services across cultural (e.g. different scientific disciplines) and/or physical barriers (e.g. administrative boundaries). Initiatives such as GeoScience Markup Language (last version is GeoSciML 4.0, 2015, http://www.geosciml.org) and the INSPIRE "Data Specification on Geology" http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_GE_v3.0rc3.pdf (an operative simplification of GeoSciML, last version is 3.0 rc3, 2013), as well as the recent terminological shepherding of the Geoscience Terminology Working Group (GTWG) have been promoting information exchange of the geologic knowledge. Grounded on these standard vocabularies, schemas and data models, we provide a shared semantic classification of geological data referring to the study case of the synthetic digital geological map of the Piemonte region (NW Italy), named "GEOPiemonteMap", developed by the CNR Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Torino (CNR IGG TO) and hosted as a dynamical interactive map on the geoportal of ARPA Piemonte Environmental Agency. The Piemonte Geological Map is grounded on a regional-scale geo-database consisting of some hundreds of GeologicUnits whose thousands instances (Mapped Features, polygons geometry) widely occur in Piemonte region, and each one is bounded by GeologicStructures (Mapped Features, line geometry). GeologicUnits and GeologicStructures have been spatially correlated through the whole region and described using the GeoSciML vocabularies. A hierarchical schema is provided for the Piemonte Geological Map that gives the parental relations between several orders of GeologicUnits referring to mostly recurring geological objects and main GeologicEvents, in a logical framework compliant with GeoSciML and INSPIRE data models. The classification criteria and the Hierarchy Schema used to define the GEOPiemonteMap Legend, as well as the intended meanings of the geological concepts used to achieve the overall classification schema, are explicitly described in several WikiGeo pages (implemented by "MediaWiki" open source software, https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki). Moreover, a further step toward a formal classification of the contents (both data and interpretation) of the GEOPiemonteMap was triggered, by setting up an ontological framework, named "OntoGeonous", in order to achieve a thorough semantic characterization of the Map.

  15. Cartography of snowcover properties from topographical, vegetation and meteorological data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harirforoush, Hilda

    A Multi Layer Snow Accumulation Model (MLSAM) was developed to simulate snow cover properties. The simulations include snow depth, snow density and snow-cover. The model was tested near Schefferville (54°48'N, 66°49'W) for the years (1986-1987 and 1987-1988). The MLSAM combines three sub models: 1) An intermediate-complexity, quasi-physically based, meteorological model (MicroMet), 2) A Point Energy/Mass Balance (PEMB) model and 3) A Distributed Blowing Snow Model (DBSM). The MLSAM employs digital terrain models with grid increments of 20 m and run with temporal increments of 24 hours using standard Canadian digital elevation and vegetation models and climate data. The model outputs for snow-layer depth and density as well as snow cover remaining at different times during the melt season were compared with available data from the Schefferville climate station and from previous snow research at Schefferville. Landsat images were used for assessing simulations of snow cover during melt. In general, the model performed well until the onset of melt. Thereafter the model greatly over-predicted melt rates. There were also problems with melt water transfers in the snow cover which will need to be addressed in future versions of the model. Improvements will also need to be made to the routines handling vapour transfers in the snowpack and snow density calculations. However, with these modifications the model shows some promise to become a useful model for simulation of spatial and temporal variations in snow cover properties. Keywords: Snow depth, Snow density profile, Snow Melt, Snow Cover mapping, Landsat image, Mass and Energy Balance, Geographic Information System (GIS).

  16. 21st Century cartography in the service of Enresa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geographic information systems (GIS) are used to store and process both physical and social-economic information of a territory. Topography, vegetation, hydrology, geology, weather conditions, population, protected spaces. An endless list of details that, organized and put on maps, are very useful in numerous fields, including the handling of radioactive waste. Enresa uses these tools in many of its activities: site selection, characterization studies, monitoring of radiological and environmental surveillance programs in facilities such as El Cabril (Cordoba), or in the preparation of documentation that helped to locate the Centralized Temporary Storage (CTS) facility for high level waste in Villar de Canas (Cuenca). These cartographic instruments have also shown their usefulness in the dismantling of facilities such as the old Uranium Factory in Andujar (Jaen) or the nuclear power stations of Vandellos I (Tarragona), currently in latency phase, and Jose Cabrera (Zorita, Guadalajara), which is currently being decommissioned. At present, GIS tools provide major advantages: they reduce the number of reports and conventional map collections, support faster and easier access to information in more manageable ways resulting in technical resource and time savings, quick updates of maps and records under constant evolution, and streamlined decision-taking processes. (Author)

  17. AUTOMATION OF MORPHOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS FOR PLANETARY SURFACE ANALYSIS AND CARTOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Kokhanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available For automation of measurements of morphometric parameters of surface relief various tools were developed and integrated into GIS. We have created a tool, which calculates statistical characteristics of the surface: interquartile range of heights, and slopes, as well as second derivatives of height fields as measures of topographic roughness. Other tools were created for morphological studies of craters. One of them allows automatic placing of topographic profiles through the geometric center of a crater. Another tool was developed for calculation of small crater depths and shape estimation, using C++ programming language. Additionally, we have prepared tool for calculating volumes of relief features from DTM rasters. The created software modules and models will be available in a new developed web-GIS system, operating in distributed cloud environment.

  18. Automation of Morphometric Measurements for Planetary Surface Analysis and Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokhanov, A. A.; Bystrov, A. Y.; Kreslavsky, M. A.; Matveev, E. V.; Karachevtseva, I. P.

    2016-06-01

    For automation of measurements of morphometric parameters of surface relief various tools were developed and integrated into GIS. We have created a tool, which calculates statistical characteristics of the surface: interquartile range of heights, and slopes, as well as second derivatives of height fields as measures of topographic roughness. Other tools were created for morphological studies of craters. One of them allows automatic placing of topographic profiles through the geometric center of a crater. Another tool was developed for calculation of small crater depths and shape estimation, using C++ programming language. Additionally, we have prepared tool for calculating volumes of relief features from DTM rasters. The created software modules and models will be available in a new developed web-GIS system, operating in distributed cloud environment.

  19. Cell phones: a digital cartography of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polise Moreira De Marchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental function of maps has always been to understand, interpret, and represent the world. Therefore, maps have a communication role, as a language. As communication tool, maps spatialize the interaction of social, economic and cultural urban realities in a graphic expression that provides the very meaning of urban systems. The aim of this paper is to report an academic study involving digital interface design graduate students. They investigated the role of locative media as potential instruments for registering and mapping experiences, observations and perceptions of urban life. This study considers that students can stimulate interactions across the city, whether, directly, in its physical space or, indirectly, through interfaces such as cell phone applications. The project also sought to discuss the cell phone as a producer of new languages, since instead of being merely a telephone it combines the functions of different media and can produce images, videos, sounds etc.

  20. Cell phones: a digital cartography of São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Polise Moreira De Marchi

    2014-01-01

    The fundamental function of maps has always been to understand, interpret, and represent the world. Therefore, maps have a communication role, as a language. As communication tool, maps spatialize the interaction of social, economic and cultural urban realities in a graphic expression that provides the very meaning of urban systems. The aim of this paper is to report an academic study involving digital interface design graduate students. They investigated the role of locative media as potenti...

  1. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2014-01-01

    IntroductionOn Design ExperienceConstructive CriticismWhat Is a Geoprofessional?Tick-Tock Goes the ClockWhy Good Design MattersAudienceHow to Use This BookSkipping the How-Tos to Get Straight to the Good StuffRelative Map ScalesEndnotesCreative InspirationYou Can Be CreativeDoingSeeingAn Example of How to SeeApplying All of This to Your MapSummary and Final ProddingCreative MapsA Few Places to Start Seeing Art from Your DesktopEndnotesExerciseLayout DesignAll Together NowLayout ChecklistElement Details and ExamplesStyleContextArrangementEmphasis Maps and WireframesSimplicity versus ComplexityM

  2. Debris flow cartography using differential GNSS and Theodolite measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaradze, Giorgi; Guinau, Marta; Calvet, Jaume; Furdada, Gloria; Victoriano, Ane; Génova, Mar; Suriñach, Emma

    2016-04-01

    The presented results form part of a CHARMA project, which pursues a broad objective of reducing damage caused by uncontrolled mass movements, such as rockfalls, snow avalanches and debris flows. Ultimate goal of the project is to contribute towards the establishment of new scientific knowledge and tools that can help in the design and creation of early warning systems. Here we present the specific results that deal with the application of differential GNSS and classical geodetic (e.g. theodolite) methods for mapping debris and torrential flows. Specifically, we investigate the Portainé stream located in the Pallars Sobirà region of Catalonia (Spain), in the eastern Pyrenees. In the last decade more than ten debris-flow type phenomena have affected the region, causing considerable economic losses. Since early 2014, we have conducted several field campaigns within the study area, where we have employed a multi-disciplinary approach, consisting of geomorphological, dendro-chronological and geodetic methods, in order to map the river bed and reconstruct the history of the extreme flooding and debris flow events. Geodetic studies included several approaches, using the classical and satellite based methods. The former consisted of angle and distance measurements between the Geodolite 502 total station and the reflecting prisms placed on top of the control points located within the riverbed. These type of measurements are precise, although present several disadvantages such as the lack of absolute coordinates that makes the geo-referencing difficult, as well as a relatively time-consuming process that involves two persons. For this reason, we have also measured the same control points using the differential GNSS system, in order to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the total station measurements with the GNSS. The latter measuring method is fast and can be conducted by one person. However, the fact that the study area is within the riverbed, often below the trees, limits the visibility of the satellites and thus, can result in meter-level errors while estimating the positions. We have conducted 2 measurements using various differential GNSS systems in March and in September of 2015. During these measurements we used Leica Viva GS14 receiver as a rover station, which was equipped with a GSM card to establish an internet connection in order to receive differential corrections from continuous GNSS networks. During the first campaign we have used the RTK positioning method using the SmartNet network (http://es.smartnet-eu.com) operated by Leica. This system had the advantage of transmitting differential corrections for GPS and GLONASS systems. During the second campaign, we have had an access to the ICGC (http://www.icc.cat) CatNet permanent GPS network, which only provides GPS satellite corrections. Here we present the analysis of the obtained precisions from these two RTK systems. Additionally, we have analyzed the geodetic data in a post-processing mode using the Leica Geo Office 8.4 software with IGS estimated final orbits. For this procedure, in addition to using the data from nearby CatNet CGPS stations, we have also used data from the base station(s) specifically setup near the study area during the campaign period. The work has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation project CHARMA: CHAracterization and ContRol of MAss Movements. A Challenge for Geohazard Mitigation (CGL2013-40828-R) and RISKNAT group (2014GR/1243).

  3. Tissue cartography: compressing bio-image data by dimensional reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heemskerk, Idse; Streichan, Sebastian J

    2015-12-01

    The high volumes of data produced by state-of-the-art optical microscopes encumber research. We developed a method that reduces data size and processing time by orders of magnitude while disentangling signal by taking advantage of the laminar structure of many biological specimens. Our Image Surface Analysis Environment automatically constructs an atlas of 2D images for arbitrarily shaped, dynamic and possibly multilayered surfaces of interest. Built-in correction for cartographic distortion ensures that no information on the surface is lost, making the method suitable for quantitative analysis. We applied our approach to 4D imaging of a range of samples, including a Drosophila melanogaster embryo and a Danio rerio beating heart.

  4. Utilización de imágenes de radar (ERS y RADARSAT para la discriminación litológica y la cartografía estructural del sector central del Macizo del Deseado, Provincia de Santa Cruz Radar images (ERS and RADARSAT utilization for lithological discrimination and structural cartography of the central part of the Desaedo Massif, Santa Cruz province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Marchionni

    2010-06-01

    regional observation. The superficial extension of the present units and the outcropping discontinuity, usually hinder the field geological mapping and difficult the field recognition of the structural features, being facilitated their identification at a small scale. The results of an investigation based on the use of radar images (ERS-1 and ERS-2 SAR, and RADARSAT-1 SAR for the lithological discrimination and the structural cartography, through the application of different digital processing techniques and visual interpretation, are presented in this contribution. The tone and texture attributes of the radar images and their relationship with the lithological units of the area are analyzed, as well as the radar perception of directional features and the utility of the different digital analysis procedures for the extraction of lineal features and patterns that could be related to structural lineaments.

  5. Navigating a social world with robot partners: A quantitative cartography of the Uncanny Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Maya B; Reichling, David B

    2016-01-01

    Android robots are entering human social life. However, human-robot interactions may be complicated by a hypothetical Uncanny Valley (UV) in which imperfect human-likeness provokes dislike. Previous investigations using unnaturally blended images reported inconsistent UV effects. We demonstrate an UV in subjects' explicit ratings of likability for a large, objectively chosen sample of 80 real-world robot faces and a complementary controlled set of edited faces. An "investment game" showed that the UV penetrated even more deeply to influence subjects' implicit decisions concerning robots' social trustworthiness, and that these fundamental social decisions depend on subtle cues of facial expression that are also used to judge humans. Preliminary evidence suggests category confusion may occur in the UV but does not mediate the likability effect. These findings suggest that while classic elements of human social psychology govern human-robot social interaction, robust UV effects pose a formidable android-specific problem.

  6. Changes in soil sealing in Guadalajara (Spain): cartography with LANDSAT images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Rodríguez, Pilar; Pérez González, M Eugenia

    2007-05-25

    The great urban and industrial development of the towns surrounding Madrid has caused an irreversible and rapid soil loss. In this paper, soil sealed evolution in Guadalajara province during the past 15 years, mainly in the capital, industrial district and small municipalities near Madrid, has been studied. This province has experimented a sharp reduction of the most fertile soils, located on the Henares valley, due to the action of new models of local and regional development. The main goal of this paper is the mapping of the covered soils in a pilot area of Spain. Supervised classification of Landsat images from 1989 to 2002 has been carried out. Geo-referred image analysis allows us to detect precisely the amount of covered soils and where this phenomenon has taken place.

  7. Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Metallicity Distribution Functions and the Chemical Structure of the Milky Way Disk

    CERN Document Server

    Hayden, Michael R; Holtzman, Jon A; Nidever, David L; Bird, Jonathan C; Weinberg, David H; Andrews, Brett H; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Anders, Friedrich; Beers, Timothy C; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Chiappini, Cristina; Cunha, Katia; Frinchaboy, Peter; García-Herńandez, Domingo A; Pérez, Ana E García; Girardi, Léo; Harding, Paul; Hearty, Fred R; Johnson, Jennifer A; Majewski, Steven R; Mészáros, Szabolcs; Minchev, Ivan; O'Connell, Robert; Pan, Kaike; Robin, Annie C; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schneider, Donald P; Schultheis, Mathias; Shetrone, Matthew; Skrutskie, Michael; Steinmetz, Matthias; Smith, Verne; Zamora, Olga; Zasowski, Gail

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 69,919 red giants from the SDSS-III/APOGEE Data Release 12, we measure the distribution of stars in the [$\\alpha$/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] plane and the metallicity distribution functions (MDF) across an unprecedented volume of the Milky Way disk, with radius $311$ kpc. The peak of the midplane MDF shifts to lower metallicity at larger $R$, reflecting the Galactic metallicity gradient. Most strikingly, the shape of the midplane MDF changes systematically with radius, with a negatively skewed distribution at $31$ kpc or [$\\alpha$/Fe]$>0.18$, the MDF shows little dependence on $R$. The positive skewness of the outer disk MDF may be a signature of radial migration; we show that blurring of stellar populations by orbital eccentricities is not enough to explain the reversal of MDF shape but a simple model of radial migration can do so.

  8. Cartographie et contrôle au Maroc sous le Protectorat espagnol (1912-1956

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Villanova

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La principale fonction des interventores (contrôleurs du Protectorat espagnol au Maroc entre 1912 et 1956 a consisté à surveiller l’action des autorités tribales marocaines pour asseoir la présence coloniale. Cependant, le Haut-Commissariat d’Espagne au Maroc leur a souvent demandé de préparer des rapports d’ordre économique, social ou à finalité militaire sur les tribus, généralement mal connues de l’autorité coloniale. Ces documents contiennent des cartes de qualité variée qui ont pu constituer un instrument précieux de contrôle et, dans certains cas, un outil de propagande au service de l’action coloniale espagnole.

  9. Advances in micro-cartography: A two-dimensional photo mosaicing technique for seagrass monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rende, S. F.; Irving, A. D.; Bacci, T.; Parlagreco, L.; Bruno, F.; De Filippo, F.; Montefalcone, M.; Penna, M.; Trabucco, B.; Di Mento, R.; Cicero, A. M.

    2015-12-01

    Seagrass meadows are complex ecosystems representing an important source of biodiversity for coastal marine systems, but are subjected to numerous threats from natural and human-based influences. Due to their susceptibility to changing environmental conditions, seagrasses are habitually used in monitoring programmes as biological indicators to assess the ecological status of coastal environments. In this paper we used a non-destructive photo mosaicing technology to quantify seagrass distribution and abundance, and explore benefits of micro-cartographic analysis. Furthermore, the use of photogrammetric tools enhanced the method, which proved to be efficient due to its use of low-cost instruments and its simplicity of implementation. This paper describes the steps required to use this method in meadows of Posidonia oceanica, including: i) camera calibration procedures, ii) programming of video survey, iii) criteria to perform sampling activities, iv) data processing and micro-georeferenced maps restitution, and v) possible study applications.

  10. Monica Manolescu et Anne-Marie Paquet-Deyris. Lolita, cartographies de l’obsession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René ALLADAYE

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Près de quinze ans après le travail de Maurice Couturier, c’était un défi que de publier un nouveau cours du CNED consacré à Lolita à l’occasion de la réapparition du roman au programme de l’agrégation. Certes, la donne a un peu changé depuis 1995 puisque ce programme s’enrichit de la présence de l’adaptation cinématographique de Stanley Kubrick, mais l’aventure n’en demeurait pas moins risquée. Ce défi, Monica Manolescu et Anne-Marie Paquet-Deyris le relèvent avec brio dans Lolita, cartograp...

  11. Neurologic heuristics and artistic whimsy: the cerebral cartography of Wilder Penfield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Peter J; Whitaker, Harry A

    2013-01-01

    Neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield played a singularly important role in expanding our knowledge of functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology in the twentieth century. Trained under Charles Sherrington, William Osler, and Otfrid Foerster, Penfield was an early leader in efforts to map the cerebral cortex via direct electrical stimulation of the brain. In 1937, Penfield introduced an entirely new concept for illustrating the relative sizes and locations of discrete functional regions within the sensorimotor cortex--the homunculus-to exemplify the "order and comparative extent" of specific functional regions. Over the subsequent two decades, Penfield and colleagues introduced several more "little men" to portray the functional maps of other important brain structures (i.e., supplementary motor area, insular cortex, thalamus). These later homunculi were more crudely drawn, and Penfield referred to them as essentially heuristic devices. The actual intent in producing these homunculi remains uncertain, and despite the extraordinary impact of these artistic renderings on the field, the question is raised as to whether the allure of the artwork seemed to wrest control from-and then to guide-the dissemination of science, rather than the other way around.

  12. FOR A CARTOGRAPHY OF CHILDHOOD: DOMESTICITY AND DOMESTICATION IN ANDEAN COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Soledad Lema

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An analytical comprehension of the native ways of perceiving the relationship and management practices that societies have with plant communities at the Andes, conduces us to highlight the place that the local practices of mutual nurturing have, as a relational metapattern between humans and non humans. Studying these practices leads us to consider a new optic to address domestication processes and management practices of plants, being the analysis of its spatiality an essential aspect. In this paper we will look at the way in which the exercise of nurturing redefines domestic spaces in a broader sense that the “household” has in a restrictive meaning, allowing the domestic –although not always domesticated- status of some plant populations at a local level, having an impact in the evolutionary trajectories of those taxa involved. Plant nurturing will take us to consider different spots which are essential in the reproduction of the network of amplified sociability, being necessary to analyze not only the places of cultivation but also the places for storage and their role in the nurturing of seeds.

  13. Digital cartography of the planets - New methods, its status, and its future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.

    1987-09-01

    A system has been developed that establishes a standardized cartographic database for each of the 19 planets and major satellites that have been explored to date. Compilation of the databases involves both traditional and newly developed digital image processing and mosaicking techniques, including radiometric and geometric corrections of the images. Each database, or digital image model (DIM), is a digital mosaic of spacecraft images that have been radiometrically and geometrically corrected and photometrically modeled. During compilation, ancillary data files such as radiometric calibrations and refined photometric values for all camera lens and filter combinations and refined camera-orientation matrices for all images used in the mapping are produced. The system is designed to aid in the following: access to and utilization of spatial data returned by planetary spacecraft; coregistration of cartographic image and topographic elevation models with geological, geophysical, and geochemical databases; and the design and preparation of both standard and custom map products. A major goal of the project is to publish the DIMs on compact computer-compatible media such as digital-optical (CD-ROM) disks.

  14. Drawing the Line: The Cultural Cartography of Utilization Recommendations for Mental Health Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olafsdottir, Sigrun; Pescosolido, Bernice A.

    2009-01-01

    In the 1990s, sociologists began to rethink the failure of utilization models to explain whether and why individuals accessed formal treatment systems. This effort focused on reconceptualizing the underlying assumptions and processes that shaped utilization patterns. While we have built a better understanding of how social networks structure…

  15. Specification and preliminary design of the CARTA system for satellite cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machadoesilva, A. J. F. (Principal Investigator); Neto, G. C.; Serra, P. R. M.; Souza, R. C. M.; Mitsuo, Fernando Augusta, II

    1984-01-01

    Digital imagery acquired by satellite have inherent geometrical distortion due to sensor characteristics and to platform variations. In INPE a software system for geometric correction of LANDSAT MSS imagery is under development. Such connected imagery will be useful for map generation. Important examples are the generation of LANDSAT image-charts for the Amazon region and the possibility of integrating digital satellite imagery into a Geographic Information System.

  16. "HIC Sunt Dracones" ("Here Be Dragons"): Global Cartography, Transnational Pedagogy, Religious Formation, and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Tran, Mai-Anh

    2011-01-01

    Religious learning within the currents of global cultural flows necessitates risky movements into "terra incognita"--be they unknown internal landscapes of the mind and heart in religious knowing, or external territories of culture, ideas, and the politics of identification. Drawing on insights gained from three seminary-sponsored "travel study…

  17. Citizen cartography, strategies of resistance to established knowledge and collective forms of knowledge building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sannazzaro, Jorgelina

    2016-04-01

    Cultivation of genetically modified soybeans with the use of herbicides is now becoming widespread in Argentina. This work addresses an emblematic case of knowledge articulation between experts, professionals and communities, namely, the case of an association of people affected by fumigation Grupos de Pueblos Fumigados (GPF). The GPF warns against agrochemical spraying in urban areas, and its activists collect and disseminate information about its impact with a view to banning the practice. Here, we apply Parthasarathy's framework, used to analyse the strategies employed by activists to break the expertise barrier, to the case of the GPF, adding a new category to her original four strategies. There is an institutionalizing potential in these social and environmental movements, many of which are organized in the form of Civic Assemblies. The composition of the assemblies reflects a heterogeneous and multi-sectorial character; they articulate a new kind of knowledge that can be an appropriate interlocutor for traditional expert knowledge.

  18. Postprofessional cartography in physical therapy: charting a pathway for residency and fellowship training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Eric K; Tichenor, Carol Jo

    2015-02-01

    Remarkably little is known about what constitutes a good residency or fellowship training program. In contrast to entry-level programs, the job of residency and fellowship educators is sometimes more subtle and difficult to articulate. Developing advanced clinical reasoning, communication skills, use of evidence, and patient-management approaches beyond entry-level competencies for students of various levels of education and backgrounds creates unique and diverse teaching challenges. There is no gold standard and precious little evidence to guide us on how best to sequence and pace residency/fellowship curricula, integrate mentoring into didactic and clinical coursework, conduct examinations, and measure the impact of training on patient care. To this end, we'd like to congratulate Drs Rodeghero, Wang, Flynn, Cleland, Wainner, and Whitman on their paper, “The Impact of Physical Therapy Residency or Fellowship Education on Clinical Outcomes for Patients With Musculoskeletal Conditions.” This is a significant first step in the effort to explore that most important challenge of any health profession's educational initiatives: did training result in improved patient outcomes?

  19. Molecular cartography in acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infections--a non-targeted metabolomics approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Constanze; Dietz, Inga; Tziotis, Dimitrios; Moritz, Franco; Rupp, Jan; Schmitt-Kopplin, Philippe

    2013-06-01

    Infections with Chlamydia pneumoniae cause several respiratory diseases, such as community-acquired pneumonia, bronchitis or sinusitis. Here, we present an integrated non-targeted metabolomics analysis applying ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry and ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry to determine metabolite alterations in C. pneumoniae-infected HEp-2 cells. Most important permutations are elaborated using uni- and multivariate statistical analysis, logD retention time regression and mass defect-based network analysis. Classes of metabolites showing high variations upon infection are lipids, carbohydrates and amino acids. Moreover, we observed several non-annotated compounds as predominantly abundant after infection, which are promising biomarker candidates for drug-target and diagnostic research.

  20. Collaborative Spaces for GIS-Based Multimedia Cartography in Blended Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balram, Shivanand; Dragicevic, Suzana

    2008-01-01

    The interaction spaces between instructors and learners in the traditional face-to-face classroom environment are being changed by the diffusion and adoption of many forms of computer-based pedagogy. An integrated understanding of these evolving interaction spaces together with how they interconnect and leverage learning are needed to develop…

  1. Cartography of Pathway Signal Perturbations Identifies Distinct Molecular Pathomechanisms in Malignant and Chronic Lung Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arakelyan, Arsen; Nersisyan, Lilit; Petrek, Martin; Löffler-Wirth, Henry; Binder, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Lung diseases are described by a wide variety of developmental mechanisms and clinical manifestations. Accurate classification and diagnosis of lung diseases are the bases for development of effective treatments. While extensive studies are conducted toward characterization of various lung diseases at molecular level, no systematic approach has been developed so far. Here we have applied a methodology for pathway-centered mining of high throughput gene expression data to describe a wide range of lung diseases in the light of shared and specific pathway activity profiles. We have applied an algorithm combining a Pathway Signal Flow (PSF) algorithm for estimation of pathway activity deregulation states in lung diseases and malignancies, and a Self Organizing Maps algorithm for classification and clustering of the pathway activity profiles. The analysis results allowed clearly distinguish between cancer and non-cancer lung diseases. Lung cancers were characterized by pathways implicated in cell proliferation, metabolism, while non-malignant lung diseases were characterized by deregulations in pathways involved in immune/inflammatory response and fibrotic tissue remodeling. In contrast to lung malignancies, chronic lung diseases had relatively heterogeneous pathway deregulation profiles. We identified three groups of interstitial lung diseases and showed that the development of characteristic pathological processes, such as fibrosis, can be initiated by deregulations in different signaling pathways. In conclusion, this paper describes the pathobiology of lung diseases from systems viewpoint using pathway centered high-dimensional data mining approach. Our results contribute largely to current understanding of pathological events in lung cancers and non-malignant lung diseases. Moreover, this paper provides new insight into molecular mechanisms of a number of interstitial lung diseases that have been studied to a lesser extent.

  2. The C-terminal region of E1A: a molecular tool for cellular cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, Ahmed F; Fonseca, Gregory J; Cohen, Michael J; Mymryk, Joe S

    2012-04-01

    The adenovirus E1A proteins function via protein-protein interactions. By making many connections with the cellular protein network, individual modules of this virally encoded hub reprogram numerous aspects of cell function and behavior. Although many of these interactions have been thoroughly studied, those mediated by the C-terminal region of E1A are less well understood. This review focuses on how this region of E1A affects cell cycle progression, apoptosis, senescence, transformation, and conversion of cells to an epithelial state through interactions with CTBP1/2, DYRK1A/B, FOXK1/2, and importin-α. Furthermore, novel potential pathways that the C-terminus of E1A influences through these connections with the cellular interaction network are discussed.

  3. Analysis of H7 avian influenza viruses by antigenic cartography and correlation to protection by vaccination

    Science.gov (United States)

    The H7 hemagglutinin subtype one of the most common subtypes of avian influenza virus (AIV) in poultry world wide and since it has the potential to become highly pathogenic it is among the priority subtypes for vaccination. Selection of the optimal vaccine seed strains may now be aided by antigenic...

  4. Metabolic cartography: experimental quantification of metabolic fluxes from isotopic labelling studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, John; Schwender, Jörg; Shachar-Hill, Yair; Morgan, John A

    2012-03-01

    For the past decade, flux maps have provided researchers with an in-depth perspective on plant metabolism. As a rapidly developing field, significant headway has been made recently in computation, experimentation, and overall understanding of metabolic flux analysis. These advances are particularly applicable to the study of plant metabolism. New dynamic computational methods such as non-stationary metabolic flux analysis are finding their place in the toolbox of metabolic engineering, allowing more organisms to be studied and decreasing the time necessary for experimentation, thereby opening new avenues by which to explore the vast diversity of plant metabolism. Also, improved methods of metabolite detection and measurement have been developed, enabling increasingly greater resolution of flux measurements and the analysis of a greater number of the multitude of plant metabolic pathways. Methods to deconvolute organelle-specific metabolism are employed with increasing effectiveness, elucidating the compartmental specificity inherent in plant metabolism. Advances in metabolite measurements have also enabled new types of experiments, such as the calculation of metabolic fluxes based on (13)CO(2) dynamic labelling data, and will continue to direct plant metabolic engineering. Newly calculated metabolic flux maps reveal surprising and useful information about plant metabolism, guiding future genetic engineering of crops to higher yields. Due to the significant level of complexity in plants, these methods in combination with other systems biology measurements are necessary to guide plant metabolic engineering in the future.

  5. Participation Cartography: Blurring the Boundaries of Space, Autobiography, and Memory by Means of Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…

  6. Attentional cartography: mapping the distribution of attention across time and space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J Eric T; Chan, David; Bennett, Patrick J; Pratt, Jay

    2015-10-01

    Decades of research have shown that the orienting of attention follows a reliable pattern of facilitation and then inhibition following a peripheral cue. However, the literature lacks a high-resolution spatiotemporal map of this pattern. Moreover, the use of visual placeholders to highlight potential stimulus locations is inconsistent. This is puzzling, given attention's well-known predilection for objects. In this article, we remedy these outstanding issues with a large-scale investigation charting the spatiotemporal distribution of attention. Participants detected targets presented at 121 possible locations 100, 200, 400, or 800 ms following an uninformative peripheral cue. The cued locations were presented with or without placeholders. With placeholders, the classic pattern of early facilitation and late inhibition was observed for targets appearing within the placeholders, and the spread of inhibition was severely limited to within the placeholders. Without placeholders, we observed inhibition shortly after cue presentation, upsetting the famously reliable effect of facilitation following a cue. Moreover, inhibition spread from the cued location, unlike when placeholders were present. This investigation has produced an eminently detailed spatiotemporal map of attentional orienting and illustrated the consequences of placeholder stimuli, with surprising results.

  7. The City of Richgate: A/r/tographic Cartography as Public Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Rita L.; Bickel, Barbara; Triggs, Valerie; Springgay, Stephanie; Beer, Ruth; Grauer, Kit; Xiong, Gu; Sameshima, Pauline

    2009-01-01

    The City of Richgate project worked with eight intergenerational immigrant families and examined immigrant experiences and narratives through a community-engaged process that employed a/r/tography as a methodology. As such, the research also investigated the extent to which a/r/tographical research could visually and narratively portray the…

  8. Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Large-scale Mean Metallicity Maps of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Hayden, Michael R; Bovy, Jo; Majewski, Steven R; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Beers, Timothy C; Cunha, Katia; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Pérez, Ana E García; Girardi, Léo; Hearty, Fred R; Johnson, Jennifer A; Lee, Young Sun; Nidever, David; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schlesinger, Katharine J; Schneider, Donald P; Schultheis, Mathias; Shetrone, Matthew; Smith, Verne V; Zasowski, Gail; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Feuillet, Diane; Hasselquist, Sten; Kinemuchi, Karen; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; O'Connell, Robert; Pan, Kaike; Stassun, Keivan

    2013-01-01

    We present Galactic mean metallicity maps derived from the first year of the SDSS-III APOGEE experiment. Mean abundances in different zones of Galactocentric radius (0 6 kpc, the gradient flattens as one moves off of the plane, and is flatter at all heights for high-[{\\alpha}/M] stars than for low-[{\\alpha}/M] stars. Alternatively, these gradients can be described as vertical gradients that flatten at larger Galactocentric radius; these vertical gradients are similar for both low and high-[{\\alpha}/M] populations. Stars with higher [{\\alpha}/M] appear to have a flatter radial gradient than stars with lower [{\\alpha}/M]. This could suggest that the metallicity gradient has grown steeper with time or, alternatively, that gradients are washed out over time by migration of stars.

  9. Metabolic cartography: experimental quantification of metabolic fluxes from isotopic labelling studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Grady J.; Schwender J.; Shachar-Hill, Y.; Morgan, J. A.

    2012-03-01

    For the past decade, flux maps have provided researchers with an in-depth perspective on plant metabolism. As a rapidly developing field, significant headway has been made recently in computation, experimentation, and overall understanding of metabolic flux analysis. These advances are particularly applicable to the study of plant metabolism. New dynamic computational methods such as non-stationary metabolic flux analysis are finding their place in the toolbox of metabolic engineering, allowing more organisms to be studied and decreasing the time necessary for experimentation, thereby opening new avenues by which to explore the vast diversity of plant metabolism. Also, improved methods of metabolite detection and measurement have been developed, enabling increasingly greater resolution of flux measurements and the analysis of a greater number of the multitude of plant metabolic pathways. Methods to deconvolute organelle-specific metabolism are employed with increasing effectiveness, elucidating the compartmental specificity inherent in plant metabolism. Advances in metabolite measurements have also enabled new types of experiments, such as the calculation of metabolic fluxes based on {sup 13}CO{sub 2} dynamic labelling data, and will continue to direct plant metabolic engineering. Newly calculated metabolic flux maps reveal surprising and useful information about plant metabolism, guiding future genetic engineering of crops to higher yields. Due to the significant level of complexity in plants, these methods in combination with other systems biology measurements are necessary to guide plant metabolic engineering in the future.

  10. High-resolution birefringence cartography of a vertical cavity semiconductor laser

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, T

    2015-01-01

    We report on spatially resolved birefringence measurements in a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) by using the emission wavelength distribution mapping. The point-by-point, polarization-resolved spectral information lends itself to the identification of anisotropies in the material and enables the estimate of refractive index differences and gradients in the two orthogonal polarization components with high spatial resolution. Compared with classical optical microscopy techniques, we can easily recognize the position of the emission wavelength split (which carefully points to the position of defects) with a much better spectral sensitivity (potentially as low as 3 GHz). The presented method is general and can be used with any bulk, light-emitting source (even passive, if external illumination is added) and may prove very useful for device fabrication, quality checks and process improvements.

  11. Charting Cartographies of Resistance: Lines of Flight in Women Artists' Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamboukou, Maria

    2010-01-01

    In this paper I chart lines of flight in women artist's narratives. In focusing on the complex interrelations between the social milieus of education and art, what I suggest is that they should be analysed as an "assemblage" where power relations and forces of desire are constantly at play in creating conditions of possibility for women to resist,…

  12. Cartography of high-dimensional flows: a visual guide to sections and slices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvitanović, Predrag; Borrero-Echeverry, Daniel; Carroll, Keith M; Robbins, Bryce; Siminos, Evangelos

    2012-12-01

    Symmetry reduction by the method of slices quotients the continuous symmetries of chaotic flows by replacing the original state space by a set of charts, each covering a neighborhood of a dynamically important class of solutions, qualitatively captured by a "template." Together these charts provide an atlas of the symmetry-reduced "slice" of state space, charting the regions of the manifold explored by the trajectories of interest. Within the slice, relative equilibria reduce to equilibria and relative periodic orbits reduce to periodic orbits. Visualizations of these solutions and their unstable manifolds reveal their interrelations and the role they play in organizing turbulence/chaos.

  13. [Cartography of psychoactive heterotopias: a look at the medical, legal and social discourses regarding drug use].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massó, Paloma

    2015-09-01

    This article traces a map of the social control of drugs through the politics of space, according to the Foucaultian concept of "heterotopia." Firstly, a brief genealogy of the use of psychotropic substances in different times and cultures is described, up to the introduction of the prohibitionist paradigm. Attention is paid to the way in which power has marked, separated and enclosed certain rituals and uses of pleasure in physical and symbolic sites. The itinerary is focused on the Spanish context to establish a dialogue between the various policies of space that have come into being and have overlapped in the construction and management of a problem which has been rendered an object to the gazes, mechanics and discourses of the medical, legal, and social fields. In this way, the intersections between the liminal spaces of drug use and the harm reduction paradigm are analyzed, including therapeutic strategies with prescribed drugs, from methadone programs to the new heroin programs.

  14. Metabolic cartography: experimental quantification of metabolic fluxes from isotopic labelling studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Grady, J; Schwender, J; Shachar-Hill, Y; Morgan, JA

    2012-03-26

    For the past decade, flux maps have provided researchers with an in-depth perspective on plant metabolism. As a rapidly developing field, significant headway has been made recently in computation, experimentation, and overall understanding of metabolic flux analysis. These advances are particularly applicable to the study of plant metabolism. New dynamic computational methods such as non-stationary metabolic flux analysis are finding their place in the toolbox of metabolic engineering, allowing more organisms to be studied and decreasing the time necessary for experimentation, thereby opening new avenues by which to explore the vast diversity of plant metabolism. Also, improved methods of metabolite detection and measurement have been developed, enabling increasingly greater resolution of flux measurements and the analysis of a greater number of the multitude of plant metabolic pathways. Methods to deconvolute organelle-specific metabolism are employed with increasing effectiveness, elucidating the compartmental specificity inherent in plant metabolism. Advances in metabolite measurements have also enabled new types of experiments, such as the calculation of metabolic fluxes based on (CO2)-C-13 dynamic labelling data, and will continue to direct plant metabolic engineering. Newly calculated metabolic flux maps reveal surprising and useful information about plant metabolism, guiding future genetic engineering of crops to higher yields. Due to the significant level of complexity in plants, these methods in combination with other systems biology measurements are necessary to guide plant metabolic engineering in the future.

  15. Illustrating the phaenomena celestial cartography in antiquity and the Middle Ages

    CERN Document Server

    Dekker, Elly

    2013-01-01

    In this volume all extant celestial maps and globes made before 1500 are described and analysed. It also discusses the astronomical sources involved in making these artefacts in antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Islamic world and the European Renaissance before 1500.

  16. Countering Asocial Justice: Consumer Culture, Stance and a Cartography of Encounter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Matthew Dean

    2013-01-01

    In Social Foundations classrooms, social justice approaches to questions of difference are certainly part of the curriculum. After teaching numerous Social Foundations courses, I encountered several issues related to the way rigid identity categories were complemented by neoliberal narratives that seemed to limit class conversation in troubling…

  17. Chemical cartography with apogee: Large-scale mean metallicity maps of the Milky Way disk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayden, Michael R.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Lee, Young Sun [New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Bovy, Jo [Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Majewski, Steven R.; García Pérez, Ana E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Johnson, Jennifer A. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Beers, Timothy C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA, Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Cunha, Katia [Observatório Nacional, São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Frinchaboy, Peter M. [Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129 (United States); Girardi, Léo [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova-INAF, Vicolo dell' Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Hearty, Fred R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Nidever, David [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Schiavon, Ricardo P. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 ILD (United Kingdom); Schlesinger, Katharine J. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Mt. Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia); Schneider, Donald P. [Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400 (Brazil); Schultheis, Mathias, E-mail: mrhayden@nmsu.edu, E-mail: holtz@nmsu.edu, E-mail: yslee@nmsu.edu, E-mail: feuilldk@nmsu.edu [Observatoire de la Cote d' Azur, Boulevard de l' Observatoire, B.P. 4229, F-06304 NICE Cedex 4 (France); and others

    2014-05-01

    We present Galactic mean metallicity maps derived from the first year of the SDSS-III APOGEE experiment. Mean abundances in different zones of projected Galactocentric radius (0 < R < 15 kpc) at a range of heights above the plane (0 < |z| < 3 kpc), are derived from a sample of nearly 20,000 giant stars with unprecedented coverage, including stars in the Galactic mid-plane at large distances. We also split the sample into subsamples of stars with low- and high-[α/M] abundance ratios. We assess possible biases in deriving the mean abundances, and find that they are likely to be small except in the inner regions of the Galaxy. A negative radial metallicity gradient exists over much of the Galaxy; however, the gradient appears to flatten for R < 6 kpc, in particular near the Galactic mid-plane and for low-[α/M] stars. At R > 6 kpc, the gradient flattens as one moves off the plane, and is flatter at all heights for high-[α/M] stars than for low-[α/M] stars. Alternatively, these gradients can be described as vertical gradients that flatten at larger Galactocentric radius; these vertical gradients are similar for both low- and high-[α/M] populations. Stars with higher [α/M] appear to have a flatter radial gradient than stars with lower [α/M]. This could suggest that the metallicity gradient has grown steeper with time or, alternatively, that gradients are washed out over time by migration of stars.

  18. Language-Specific Effects on Number Computation in Toddlers: A European Cross-Linguistic Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubin, Amelie; Pineau, Arlette; Hodent, Celia; Houde, Olivier

    2006-01-01

    A fundamental question in developmental science is how brains with and without language compute numbers. Measuring young children's verbal reactions in Spain and Finland, we show that, although there is a general arithmetic ability for small numbers that is shared by monkeys and preverbal infants, the development of such initial knowledge in…

  19. Quasar cartography: From black hole to broad-line region scales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chelouche, Doron [Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905 (Israel); Zucker, Shay, E-mail: doron@sci.haifa.ac.il, E-mail: shayz@post.tau.ac.il [Department of Geophysical, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

    2013-06-01

    A generalized approach to reverberation mapping (RM) is presented, which is applicable to broad- and narrowband photometric data, as well as to spectroscopic observations. It is based on multivariate correlation analysis techniques and, in its present implementation, is able to identify reverberating signals across the accretion disk and the broad-line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Statistical tests are defined to assess the significance of time-delay measurements using this approach, and the limitations of the adopted formalism are discussed. It is shown how additional constraints on some of the parameters of the problem may be incorporated into the analysis thereby leading to improved results. When applied to a sample of 14 Seyfert 1 galaxies having good-quality high-cadence photometric data, accretion disk scales and BLR sizes are simultaneously determined, on a case-by-case basis, in most objects. The BLR scales deduced here are in good agreement with the findings of independent spectroscopic RM campaigns. Implications for the photometric RM of AGN interiors in the era of large surveys are discussed.

  20. Cartographie de la couverture de la Terre par les satellites d'observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvette PALAZOT

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Les satellites à défilement destinés à l'étude de la surface terrestre observent l'ensemble du globe en un temps variant avec la largeur de leur champ d'observation et le rythme de leurs passages. Les cartes proposées, en projection stéréographique polaire, montrent la répartition des couvertures en surface et dans le temps, au cours des révolutions successives.

  1. Collaboration, Community and Collective Intelligence Will Eclipse the Cartography of Collision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellit, Jillian

    2003-01-01

    This article is a response to "Mapping educational research and its impact on Australian schools," Chapter 2 of The Impact of Educational Research, in which researchers Allyson Holbrook, John Ainley, Sid Bourke, John Owen, Philip McKenzie, Sebastian Mission and Trevor Johnson report on their Commonwealth Education Department commissioned study.…

  2. A Strange Cartography: Leylines, Landscape and “Deep Mapping” in the Works of Alfred Watkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Thurgill

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1921 the photographer, antiquarian and amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, delivered his newly formed thesis on the origins of ancient alignments in the west of England to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club of Hereford. Watkins posited a correlation between ancient forts, moats, mounds, churches, trees and place names, which he had shown to produce straight lines running across the landscape. In 1922 Watkins published his first book on the subject, Early British Trackways, mixing amateur archaeology, social history and supposition to introduce what Watkins named “leylines” and setting out the guidelines for other would-be ley hunters. This paper explores Watkins’ ley hunting as a practice of “deep mapping”, examining its use as an applied spatial engagement with the hidden trajectories of the landscape. In addition to providing a concise cultural history of the leyline, with particular reference to the works of Alfred Watkins, this paper develops a critical engagement with ley-walking through an auto-ethnographic response to a leyline that has been mapped and walked in Norfolk, England.

  3. A new CGMW map: The structural map of the Indian Ocean: An attempt at ocean cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), an IUGS affiliated body, has just issued the first edition of the Structural Map of the Indian Ocean which was presented during the 32nd IGC (Florence). During the 1980's, the Commission published the Geological Atlas of the World, which included the maps of the 5 oceans of the globe. Two decades have elapsed and the knowledge of the sea-floor experienced very significant progress; therefore some 5 years ago, the Commission decided to launch a new type of ocean mapping. The Structural Map of the Indian Ocean is the first of this new series of maps.

  4. The Role and Place of Cartography in the Development of the Spatial Information Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olszewski, Robert

    2012-09-01

    Hundreds of various spatial databases and maps developed using those databases were created in Poland and abroad in the past decade. The majority of them were created ad hoc, in relation to implementation of current demands of particular institutions or organisations. Thus, the side effect |of rapid development of geoinformation was increasing organisational, methodological and conceptual chaos. Adoption and successive implementation of resolutions of the EU INSPIRE Direc- tive, as well as the Polish Act on the Spatial Information Infrastructure was the partial solution of the discussed issues. However, the legal acts of high grade specify only general rules of creation of the geoinformation infrastructure. The development of modem and functional spatial, reference and thematic databases requires detailed determination of a conceptual model of particular databases, the ways of their population, utilisation and processing of data stored in those databases. However, legislative activity is not the most important part of that process; appropriate understanding of sur- rounding geographic reality, resulting in the development of correct cartographic models, implemented in the form of spatial databases, is far more important. Therefore, after the period of rapid technological development and fascination of modem information solutions, the deep methodological reflection is necessary. W minionym dziesięcioleciu powstało, zarówno na świecie, jak i w Polsce, setki różnego rodzaju baz danych przestrzennych i opracowywanych na ich podstawie map. Większość z nich była tworzona ad hoc w związku z realizacją bieżących potrzeb danej instytucji czy organizacji. Skutkiem ubocznym gwałtownego rozwoju geoinformacji stał się zatem narastający chaos organizacyjny, metodyczny i koncepcyjny. Częściowym rozwiązaniem tego problemu stało się przyjęcie i sukcesywne wdrażanie zapisów unijnej dyrektywy INSPIRE i polskiej ustawy o infrastrukturze informacji przestrzennej. Akty prawne wysokiej rangi określają jednak tylko ogólne zasady tworzenia infrastruktury geoinfonnacyjnej. Do budowy nowoczesnych i funkcjonalnych baz danych przestrzennych o charakterze referencyjnym i tematycznym niezbędne jest bowiem szczegółowe określenie modelu koncepcyjnego poszczególnych baz. sposobu ich zasilania, wykorzystania oraz przetwarzania zgromadzonych w nich danych. Najistotniejszym elementem tego procesu nie jest zatem działanie legislacyjne, lecz właściwe zrozumienie otaczającej nas rzeczywistości geograficznej, przekładające się na utworzenie poprawnego modelu kartograficznego realizowanego w postaci bazy danych przestrzennych. Po okresie gw ałtownego roz- woju technologicznego i fascynacji nowoczesnymi rozwiązaniami informacyjnymi, niezbędna jest zatem głęboka refleksja metodyczna i koncepcyjna poprzedzająca dalsze działania wdrożeniowe.

  5. Mapping the Vertical Battlespace:Towards a Legal Cartography of Aerial Sovereignty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munro, Campbell Alexander Omoluaye

    2014-01-01

    Proliferating drone violence has instantiated the notion of an unbounded global battlespace. Mapping the vertical battlespace layered over the target zones of the imperial periphery discloses how antecedent legalities legitimate violence exercised exclusively from above, and reveals the imperial...

  6. Earthquake effects on the environment: from historical descriptions to thematic cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Guidoboni

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Catalogue of Strong Italian Earthquakes, all testimonies relating to effects on the environment have been systematically analysed, geo-referenced and filed. This complex work of research and organisation has been conducted according to two main perspectives: the historical and the geological point of view. As regards the historical point of view, on the one hand the elements of complexity have been highlighted relative to data which, particularly before the seventeenth century, had been produced within cognitive and cultural contexts which are now extremely remote and beyond naturalistic logic. On the other hand, from the seventeenth century, the growing attention of the cultural élite of the era towards environmental phenomena (now being seen within a naturalistic perspective, favoured the gradual enhancement of the corpus of information, also as regards the quality of the data. 2053 effects of earthquakes on the environment are listed in the CFTI3, classified into five categories which are in turn divided into other descriptive typologies. Many examples are also provided with the purpose of outlining the specific problems concerning the available data. As regards the geological point of view, the effects described in historical sources may be divided into two categories: the effects related to shaking, and the effects which may be due directly to the seismogenic source, generally with less territorial impact but of considerable scientific interest. Reference is also made to the various attempts to codify the environmental effects of earthquakes within the traditional macroseismic scales, although it is acknowledged that this operation is fraught with ambiguities. Prospective users of the CFTI3 are encouraged to take advantage of the availability of the original testimonies to develop their own interpretations of the phenomena described.

  7. Cartographies of the Political Camp of Afro-Descendents in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Lao-Montes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article lays out, in general terms, what it calls the political camp of Afro-descendents in Latin America. After establishing a series of theoretical and methodological criteria for the historical analysis of black movements in modernity and the Afro-American movements in particular, the article focuses on the emergence of afro-descendant movements in Latin America during the last part of the 1980s. One of the principal arguments is that in the 1990s a political camp of afro-descendents starts to emerge in the region of Latin America based on a series of developments, including the emergence of new social movements that included ethno-racial movements of Afros and indigenous people, events of regional importance like the contra-celebration of 1492 in 1992, the World Conference against Racism 2001 in Durban, South Africa, and the effects of the neoliberal pattern of globalization. The political camp of Afro-descendents is composed not only of social movements, but also of state actors and transnational actors (such as the World Bank and the Ford Foundation. The article concludes with an analysis of the challenges and perspectives of Afro-American politics in general and of Afro-Latin movements in particular considering the current crisis of the modern/colonial world-system.

  8. Decolonizing cartographies : sovereignty, territoriality, and maps of meaning in the uranium landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Voyles, Traci Brynne

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation explores the development of the uranium industry on Native land in the southwest, with a particular emphasis on how Navajo land came to be host over 1,100 uranium mine and mill sites. The disproportionate location of uranium sites on Navajo land, and the fact that these sites have not been cleaned up to protect human and environmental health from the dangers of radiation, certainly makes this an urgent case of environmental racism. My study links the growing literature of en...

  9. Cartographic (representations of local space: artistic maps adrift from School Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassio Expedito Galdino Pereira

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on the importance of teaching content related to the landscape that can be seen, we propose a reflection through the use of mental maps for the perception of landscape experienced by students. This claim will be defended through a case study in public schools in Barbalha in southern Ceará (Brazil. Based on the reflections of Deleuze and Guattari, we want to expose that the map is not an illustrative tracing in class, but multiple, singular, rhizomatic. Thus, we aim to unveil these geographies that are not visible in the textbook, personal geographies with their landscapes, impregnated by beliefs, ideologies and feelings that you have of the location.

  10. Cartographie et estimation globale de la position pour un robot mobile autonome

    OpenAIRE

    Filliat, David

    2001-01-01

    Managing the movements of an autonomous mobile robot in its environment is a problem that has been tackled since the early integration of arti ficial intelligence and robotics. However, this problem remains di fficult and no general solution has been devised. Among existing navigation strategies, we will focus on those that use a map to represent the spatial layout of the environment and that allow to plan movements toward distant goals. Map-building and self-positioning within these maps are...

  11. Bordering Binarities and Cognitive Cartography: What on Earth Does Literature Have to do with Border Transactions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Moi

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Although literature and poetry have numerous borders of their own,these are rarely assumed to have any significance for the world out-side the text itself. A number of reasons for this distinctive division certainly stem from the literary field itself. This paper intends to indicate the exclusivist stance of some theories of literature, and the inclucivist of others, before exploring the possibilities of bridging between borders in text and territory by reference to the life and literature of Oscar Wilde and a performative and imaginative analysis of Paul Muldoon's epigrammatic poem The Plot.

  12. Cosmic Thing: Astrology, Space Science, and Personal Cartography in Robert Rauschenberg's Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, C. L.

    2011-06-01

    The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.

  13. Des cartographies de connaissances pour un pilotage des ressources humaines et des processus RH

    OpenAIRE

    Sellin, Kelly; Dudezert, Aurélie

    2010-01-01

    La gestion des ressources humaines s'inscrit dans la stratégie des organisations, désireuses de se démarquer d'une concurrence forte et de développer un avantage concurrentiel durable, au travers des connaissances et compétences dont elles disposent. Or, les fonctions RH sont confrontées à une dichotomie court terme/long terme, répondant à la fois aux exigences de l'opérationnel et à une nécessaire gestion anticipée des hommes et de leurs compétences pour répondre aux besoins présents et futu...

  14. Cartographie des débits de référence. Interpolation du module

    OpenAIRE

    Cipriani, T.; Sauquet, E.

    2012-01-01

    / Cette note intervient dans le cadre de la poursuite des travaux menés par l’Unité de Recherche Hydrologie-Hydraulique du centre de Lyon sur la régionalisation des débits de référence, notamment du débit annuel moyen interannuel ou module (Sauquet, 2005, 2006). L’objectif principal étant de mettre en place une série de formulations empiriques dont la forme est inspirée du bilan hydrique afin de déterminer le module en fonction de caractéristiques climatiques de bassin, relativeme...

  15. The Katmandu and Gosainkund nappes, central Nepal Himalaya (cartography, structure, metamorphism, geochemistry and radio-chronology)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In central Nepal, a multidisciplinary study has been carried out to characterize and distinguish the crystalline nappes of Katmandu and Gosainkund from the Midland formations. Two principal deformations are recorded: one ductile, syn-metamorphic, marked by microstructures (stretching lineation, S-C structures, etc. ), another, post-metamorphic, recorded by an anticline, roughly EW -directed, and by NNE-SSW -directed folds. The syn-metamorphic P-T conditions show differences between Katmandu Crystalline Nappe (900-720 MPa; 700-480 deg C) and Gosainkund Crystalline Nappe (890-580 MPa; 750-590 deg C). They exhibit well preserved inverted metamorphism between the Upper Midland Formations (750 Mpa; 560 deg C) and the Gosainkund Nappe. In central Nepal, the augen gneisses and the 'Lesser Himalayan' Cambro-Ordovician granites bear similar petrographic and geochemical characteristics which suggest a common origin. However, the geological setting and age of the Proterozoic Ulleri augen gneiss rule out correlation with these formations. 40Ar/39Ar analyses of muscovite, indicate cooling ages younger from south to north: 22 to 13 Ma in the Katmandu Nappe, 16 to 5 Ma in the Gosainkund Nappe, and 12 to 6 Ma in the Midland Formation. The principal points summarized by this study are the following: clear distinction between two nappes marked by their litho-stratigraphy and metamorphism; the ductile movement of MCT in the north of Katmandu is blocked since approximately 25 Ma; the late emplacement and late or common post metamorphic history of the two nappes; but earlier cooling history of the Katmandu nappe; the present uplift of the Katmandu region, underlined by the intense micro-seismicity, concerns indifferently the two nappes that form a single tectonic block at present; the combined uplift of the two nappes is due to the displacement on a ramp of major decollement surface. (author)

  16. Cartography of high-dimensional flows: A visual guide to sections and slices

    CERN Document Server

    Cvitanovic, Predrag; Carroll, Keith M; Robbins, Bryce; Siminos, Evangelos

    2012-01-01

    Symmetry reduction by the method of slices quotients the continuous symmetries of chaotic flows by replacing the original state space by a set of charts, each covering a neighborhood of a dynamically important class of solutions, qualitatively captured by a `template'. Together these charts provide an atlas of the symmetry-reduced `slice' of state space, charting the regions of the manifold explored by the trajectories of interest. Within the slice, relative equilibria reduce to equilibria and relative periodic orbits reduce to periodic orbits. Visualizations of these solutions and their unstable manifolds reveal their interrelations and the role they play in organizing turbulence/chaos.

  17. BAORadio : Cartographie 3D de la distribution de gaz H$_I$ dans l'Univers

    CERN Document Server

    Ansari, R; Colom, P; Magneville, C; Martin, J M; Moniez, M; Rich, J; Yèche, C

    2011-01-01

    3D mapping of matter distribution in the universe through the 21 cm radio emission of atomic hydrogen is a complementary approach to optical surveys for the study of the Large Scale Structures, in particular for measuring the BAO (Baryon Acoustic Oscillation) scale up to redshifts z <~ 3 and constrain dark energy. We propose to carry such a survey through a novel method, called intensity mapping, without detecting individual galaxies radio emission. This method requires a wide band instrument, 100 MHz or larger, and multiple beams, while a rather modest angular resolution of 10 arcmin would be sufficient. The instrument would have a few thousand square meters of collecting area and few hundreds of simultaneous beams. These constraints could be fulfilled with a dense array of receivers in interferometric mode, or a phased array at the focal plane of a large antenna.

  18. Diagnosis of breast cancer by polarization cartography of human blood plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintser, Ozar P.; Oliinychenko, B. P.

    2012-01-01

    The possibilities of polarization-optical diagnostics of plasma protein structures changes, which are connected with the breast pathologies, were investigated. As the main investigation object it has been used the coordinate structure of polarization states distributions of blood plasma images. The results were obtained by means of novel technique of digital polarimetry. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of blood plasma smears and pathological state of the organism. The diagnostic criteria of breast cancer nascency are determined.

  19. Towards a New Cartography of Curriculum Reform: Reflections on Educational Decentralization in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussel, Ines; Tiramonti, Guillermina; Birgin, Alejandra

    2000-01-01

    States that educational reforms in Argentina have reshaped both school knowledge and institutional patterns of school administration. Analyzes the process of "curriculum reterritorialization" in Argentina, the contradictions and displacements it produces, and the hybrid products that result. Traces reterritorialization through four movements. (CMK)

  20. Mapping Utopia: Cartography and Social Reform in 19th Century Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Graves

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available From the 16th century on, the great Southern continent figured in the European literary and political imagination as a field for utopian thought. While we might expect such Arcadian essays to tail off as the colonisation of Australia proceeded apace in the late 18th, early 19th centuries, such was not the case: there are many examples of utopian literature set in Australia in the 19th and 20th centuries, and several examples from the 1830s , the period examined in this article. This article explores the utopian elements in the work of three near contemporaries: Edward G. Wakefield (1796-1862, Thomas J. Maslen (1787-1857 and James Vetch (1789-1869 who mapped onto Australia political and social projects that had their origin and rationale in objectives for reform in the mother country. They brought to their self-appointed task underlying assumptions and biases that reveal a range of influences, not least those of colonial expansionism, and an imperial disregard for the realities of the terrain and inhabitants of a country they had never visited. The article undertakes a close reading of the maps, systems of nomenclature and division of territory proposed by two of the three: Maslen and Vetch, and their underlying rationale and function. Both writers sought to redraw the map of Australia in order to advance projects for reform, imposing on an ‘empty land’ principles of division and sub-division claimed to be rational and scientific and yet essentially utopian.

  1. The changing immigrant cartography of Auckland, New Zealand: An Asian ethnic precinct

    OpenAIRE

    Spoonley, P.; Meares, C.; R. Peace; Cain, T.

    2014-01-01

    New Zealand’s post-1987 business and skill-focussed immigrant recruitment policies have had several consequences for Auckland, including the transformation of numerous public spaces. One manifestation of this process of change has been the co-location of immigrant-dominated retailing in ethnic business precincts, which provides both economic and social network spaces for immigrant interaction with co-ethnics, and a zone of contact between immigrants and others. This paper describes the exampl...

  2. Ethnicity, Identity and Cartography: Possession/Dispossession, Homecoming /Homelessness in Contemporary Assam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parag Moni Sarma

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ethnicity is emerging as a focal consideration in the politics of identity in contemporary Assam, a state of the Indian union in the North East of India. Often identified as a flash point in the subversive politics that question the logistics of the Indian nation, North East India is emerging as a cartographic domain that posits questions of internal colonialism and hegemony. Cartographic reorientation of territory based on factors of linguistic and ethnic identity is perceived as a way to acquire new homelands that will foster self-validation and the ‘all round development’ of the people. The North East of India is dotted with armed insurrection for autonomous territories under the Indian Union or total severance, depending on the population and the spatial domain of the ethnic groups in question. The linkages with questions of social, cultural and political marginalisation, as well as political assertion provide interesting scope for academic exploration. The present paper seeks to understand and trace such assertive movements in Assam to forces of historical neglect as well as the rhetoric of marginalisation that is surfeit in contemporary assertive idioms of different ethnic groups.

  3. Cartographies of the Political Camp of Afro-Descendents in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Lao-Montes

    2009-01-01

    This article lays out, in general terms, what it calls the political camp of Afro-descendents in Latin America. After establishing a series of theoretical and methodological criteria for the historical analysis of black movements in modernity and the Afro-American movements in particular, the article focuses on the emergence of afro-descendant movements in Latin America during the last part of the 1980s. One of the principal arguments is that in the 1990s a political camp of afro-descendents ...

  4. The Cartography of Gypseous Soils In San Luis Potosi State, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Juan F. Martínez-Montoya; Herrero Isern, Juan; Ruiz-Vera, Víctor M.

    2011-01-01

    The gypseous soils are common in arid and semiarid lands of Mexico. These soils have been reported for the Sonoran Desert and Chihuahuan Desert, with greater presence on the latter. In Mexico, at national-level and at scale 1:1000 000, The National Institute of Statistic and Geography (INEGI by its name in Spanish) –according to FAO nomenclature (1968) – delimitates 1 351 300 ha as gypseous soils. These soils of San Luis Potosi State are not well map-delimited, in spite of their broad extent ...

  5. Characterization and cartography of topsoil hydraulic properties in a French mountainous peri-urban catchment

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Braud, I.; Dehotin, J.; Branger, F.; LAGOUY, M

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Due to the increase of urbanization and modification of agricultural practices, peri-urban areas experiment a quick change in land use. The impact of such change on the catchment hydrological cycle must be quantified. To achieve this goal, distributed hydrological models offer the ability to take into account land use change, and more specifically its effect on surface infiltration capacity. A distributed assessment of infiltration properties and their variability at t...

  6. Changes in soil sealing in Guadalajara (Spain): cartography with LANDSAT images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Rodríguez, Pilar; Pérez González, M Eugenia

    2007-05-25

    The great urban and industrial development of the towns surrounding Madrid has caused an irreversible and rapid soil loss. In this paper, soil sealed evolution in Guadalajara province during the past 15 years, mainly in the capital, industrial district and small municipalities near Madrid, has been studied. This province has experimented a sharp reduction of the most fertile soils, located on the Henares valley, due to the action of new models of local and regional development. The main goal of this paper is the mapping of the covered soils in a pilot area of Spain. Supervised classification of Landsat images from 1989 to 2002 has been carried out. Geo-referred image analysis allows us to detect precisely the amount of covered soils and where this phenomenon has taken place. PMID:17289121

  7. Cartographie bathymétrique du littoral corallien par classification d'images de télédétection = Bathymetric cartography of coral coasts from classification of remote sensing images

    OpenAIRE

    Masson, P.; Dubois, G.; Le Lann, G.; Roux, C.; Hillion, A.

    1992-01-01

    L'objet de l'étude est d'associer à un résultat de classification une mesure de fiabilité rendant compte des diverses incertitudes pouvant fausser les décisions. Dans le cadre de l'application visée, nous cherchons à classer un site S d'une scène de mer composé d'un ensemble de sites élémentaires si (pixels); en affectant une classe de profondeur (parmi un ensemble fini de classes) à chaque pixel au vu de la mesure multispectrale (valeurs radiométriques) observée au pixel. Notre méthode consi...

  8. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%. PMID:12425101

  9. 21st Century cartography in the service of Enresa; Cartografia del siglo XXI al servicio de Enresa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cienfuegos Hevia, I.

    2013-05-01

    Geographic information systems (GIS) are used to store and process both physical and social-economic information of a territory. Topography, vegetation, hydrology, geology, weather conditions, population, protected spaces. An endless list of details that, organized and put on maps, are very useful in numerous fields, including the handling of radioactive waste. Enresa uses these tools in many of its activities: site selection, characterization studies, monitoring of radiological and environmental surveillance programs in facilities such as El Cabril (Cordoba), or in the preparation of documentation that helped to locate the Centralized Temporary Storage (CTS) facility for high level waste in Villar de Canas (Cuenca). These cartographic instruments have also shown their usefulness in the dismantling of facilities such as the old Uranium Factory in Andujar (Jaen) or the nuclear power stations of Vandellos I (Tarragona), currently in latency phase, and Jose Cabrera (Zorita, Guadalajara), which is currently being decommissioned. At present, GIS tools provide major advantages: they reduce the number of reports and conventional map collections, support faster and easier access to information in more manageable ways resulting in technical resource and time savings, quick updates of maps and records under constant evolution, and streamlined decision-taking processes. (Author)

  10. Un exercice de cartographie sur le développement industriel de l'Europe en 1860

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis ECKERT

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available L'exercice proposé relate une expérience réalisée avec les élèves d'une classe de Seconde. Il rend compte des étapes et interrogations menant de la statistique à l'exploitation cartographique.

  11. Cartographie 3D et localisation par vision monoculaire pour la navignation autonome d'un robot mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Royer, Eric

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents the realization of a localization system for a mobile robot relying on monocular vision. The aim of this project is to be able to make a robot follow a path in autonomous navigation in an urban environment. First, the robot is driven manually. During this learning step, the on board camera records a video sequence. After an off-line processing step, an image taken with the same hardware allows to compute the pose of the robot in real-time. This localization can be used to...

  12. Analyse par intervalles pour la localisation et la cartographie simultanées; Application à la robotique sous-marine

    OpenAIRE

    Le Bars, Fabrice

    2011-01-01

    This thesis studies the simultaneous localization and mapping problem for submarine robots, and its resolution methods using interval analysis. The principle of SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) is the following: a submarine robot usually knows its initial position (when it is at the surface thanks to a GPS), its moving model (approximately) and has sensors enabling it to estimate its position (pressure sensor to get its depth, DVL to get its speed and measure its distance to the s...

  13. The pathogenesis of Randall's plaque: a papilla cartography of Ca compounds through an ex vivo investigation based on XANES spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentier, Xavier; Bazin, Dominique; Jungers, Paul; Reguer, Solenn; Thiaudière, Dominique; Daudon, Michel

    2010-05-01

    At the surface of attached kidney stones, a particular deposit termed Randall's plaque (RP) serves as a nucleus. This structural particularity as well as other major public health problems such as diabetes type-2 may explain the dramatic increase in urolithiasis now affecting up to 20% of the population in the industrialized countries. Regarding the chemical composition, even if other phosphate phases such as whitlockite or brushite can be found as minor components (less than 5%), calcium phosphate apatite as well as amorphous carbonated calcium phosphate (ACCP) are the major components of most RPs. Through X-ray absorption spectroscopy performed at the Ca K-absorption edge, a technique specific to synchrotron radiation, the presence and crystallinity of the Ca phosphate phases present in RP were determined ex vivo. The sensitivity of the technique was used as well as the fact that the measurements can be performed directly on the papilla. The sample was stored in formol. Moreover, a first mapping of the chemical phase from the top of the papilla to the deep medulla is obtained. Direct structural evidence of the presence of ACCP as a major constituent is given for the first time. This set of data, coherent with previous studies, shows that this chemical phase can be considered as one precursor in the genesis of RP.

  14. High-resolution tSZ cartography of clusters of galaxies with NIKA at the IRAM 30-m telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Mayet, F; Adane, A; Ade, P; André, P; Arnaud, M; Bartalucci, I; Beelen, A; Benoît, A; Bideaud, A; Billot, N; Blanquer, G; Boudou, N; Bourrion, O; Calvo, M; Catalano, A; Coiffard, G; Comis, B; Cruciani, A; Désert, F -X; Doyle, S; Goupy, J; Hasnoun, B; Hermelo, I; Kramer, C; Lagache, G; Leclercq, S; Macías-Pérez, J F; Mauskopf, P; Monfardini, A; Pajot, F; Perotto, L; Pointecouteau, E; Ponthieu, N; Pratt, G W; Revéret, V; Ritacco, A; Rodriguez, L; Ruppin, F; Schuster, K; Sievers, A; Triqueneaux, S; Tucker, C; Zylka, R

    2016-01-01

    The thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (tSZ) is a powerful probe to study clusters of galaxies and is complementary with respect to X-ray, lensing or optical observations. Previous arcmin resolution tSZ observations ({\\it e.g.} SPT, ACT and Planck) only enabled detailed studies of the intra-cluster medium morphology for low redshift clusters ($z < 0.2$). Thus, the development of precision cosmology with clusters requires high angular resolution observations to extend the understanding of galaxy cluster towards high redshift. NIKA2 is a wide-field (6.5 arcmin field of view) dual-band camera, operated at $100 \\ {\\rm mK}$ and containing $\\sim 3300$ KID (Kinetic Inductance Detectors), designed to observe the millimeter sky at 150 and 260 GHz, with an angular resolution of 18 and 12 arcsec respectively. The NIKA2 camera has been installed on the IRAM 30-m telescope (Pico Veleta, Spain) in September 2015. The NIKA2 tSZ observation program will allow us to observe a large sample of clusters (50) at redshift ranging...

  15. Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holon, Florian; Mouquet, Nicolas; Boissery, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Delaruelle, Gwenaelle; Tribot, Anne-Sophie; Deter, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem services provided by oceans and seas support most human needs but are threatened by human activities. Despite existing maps illustrating human impacts on marine ecosystems, information remains either large-scale but rough and insufficient for stakeholders (1 km² grid, lack of data along the coast) or fine-scale but fragmentary and heterogeneous in methodology. The objectives of this study are to map and quantify the main pressures exerted on near-coast marine ecosystems, at a large spatial scale though in fine and relevant resolution for managers (one pixel = 20 x 20 m). It focuses on the French Mediterranean coast (1,700 km of coastline including Corsica) at a depth of 0 to 80 m. After completing and homogenizing data presently available under GIS on the bathymetry and anthropogenic pressures but also on the seabed nature and ecosystem vulnerability, we provide a fine modeling of the extent and impacts of 10 anthropogenic pressures on marine habitats. The considered pressures are man-made coastline, boat anchoring, aquaculture, urban effluents, industrial effluents, urbanization, agriculture, coastline erosion, coastal population and fishing. A 1:10 000 continuous habitat map is provided considering 11 habitat classes. The marine bottom is mostly covered by three habitats: infralittoral soft bottom, Posidonia oceanica meadows and circalittoral soft bottom. Around two thirds of the bottoms are found within medium and medium high cumulative impact categories. Seagrass meadows are the most impacted habitats. The most important pressures (in area and intensity) are urbanization, coastal population, coastal erosion and man-made coastline. We also identified areas in need of a special management interest. This work should contribute to prioritize environmental needs, as well as enhance the development of indicators for the assessment of the ecological status of coastal systems. It could also help better apply and coordinate management measures at a relevant scale for biodiversity conservation.

  16. Antigenic cartography of H9N2 virus and its impact on the vaccine efficacy in chickens

    Science.gov (United States)

    The H9 subtype of avian influenza virus (AIV) is wide-spread in Asia and the Middle East. The efficacy of vaccines is enhanced by the antigenic match of the hemagglutinin protein (HA) between the vaccine and the field strain. To determine how antigenic variations affect the vaccine efficacy, speci...

  17. Cartography of neurexin alternative splicing mapped by single-molecule long-read mRNA sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treutlein, Barbara; Gokce, Ozgun; Quake, Stephen R; Südhof, Thomas C

    2014-04-01

    Neurexins are evolutionarily conserved presynaptic cell-adhesion molecules that are essential for normal synapse formation and synaptic transmission. Indirect evidence has indicated that extensive alternative splicing of neurexin mRNAs may produce hundreds if not thousands of neurexin isoforms, but no direct evidence for such diversity has been available. Here we use unbiased long-read sequencing of full-length neurexin (Nrxn)1α, Nrxn1β, Nrxn2β, Nrxn3α, and Nrxn3β mRNAs to systematically assess how many sites of alternative splicing are used in neurexins with a significant frequency, and whether alternative splicing events at these sites are independent of each other. In sequencing more than 25,000 full-length mRNAs, we identified a novel, abundantly used alternatively spliced exon of Nrxn1α and Nrxn3α (referred to as alternatively spliced sequence 6) that encodes a 9-residue insertion in the flexible hinge region between the fifth LNS (laminin-α, neurexin, sex hormone-binding globulin) domain and the third EGF-like sequence. In addition, we observed several larger-scale events of alternative splicing that deleted multiple domains and were much less frequent than the canonical six sites of alternative splicing in neurexins. All of the six canonical events of alternative splicing appear to be independent of each other, suggesting that neurexins may exhibit an even larger isoform diversity than previously envisioned and comprise thousands of variants. Our data are consistent with the notion that α-neurexins represent extracellular protein-interaction scaffolds in which different LNS and EGF domains mediate distinct interactions that affect diverse functions and are independently regulated by independent events of alternative splicing.

  18. Specific interactions of functionalised gold surfaces with ammonium perchlorate or starch; towards a chemical cartography of their mixture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercier, D. [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Mercader, C.; Quere, S.; Hairault, L. [CEA, DAM, Le Ripault, F-37260 Monts (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Methivier, C. [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Pradier, C.M., E-mail: claire-Marie.pradier@upmc.fr [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France)

    2012-10-01

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Measurements of interactions by Quartz Crystal Microbalance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer AFM and CFM measurements, tip functionalisation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Surface nano-imaging. - Abstract: By functionalising gold samples, planar wafers or AFM tips, with an acid- or an amino acid-terminated thiols, mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) and homocystein (H-Cyst) respectively, we were able to differentiate the interactions with ammonium perchlorate (AP) and starch (S), two components of a nanocomposition mixture. To do so, the interaction between gold functionalized surfaces and the two targeted compounds have been characterized and quantified by several complementary techniques. Polarisation modulation-infrared spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), providing chemical analyses of gold surfaces after contacting S or AP, proved that both compounds were retained on MUA or H-Cyst-modified surfaces, but to various extents. Quartz crystal microbalance on-line measurements enabled to monitor the kinetics of interaction and showed distinct differences in the behaviour of MUA and H-Cyst-surfaces towards the two compounds. Having observed that only H-Cyst-modified surfaces enables to get a contrast on the chemical force microscopy (CFM) images, this new result could be well explained by examining the data obtained by combining the above-mentioned surface characterisation techniques.

  19. Bridging the Academic-Public Divide in GIS and Cartography: A Framework for Integrating Community Partnerships in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcus, Holly R.; Muehlenhaus, Birgit

    2010-01-01

    In undergraduate geography programs in the United States there is increasing demand for students to be prepared for real-world project management and to possess strong GIS technical skills and cartographic communication skills upon graduation. There is, however, limited time and opportunity within the framework of traditional undergraduate…

  20. Specific interactions of functionalised gold surfaces with ammonium perchlorate or starch; towards a chemical cartography of their mixture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercier, D.; Mercader, C.; Quere, S.; Hairault, L.; Méthivier, C.; Pradier, C. M.

    2012-10-01

    By functionalising gold samples, planar wafers or AFM tips, with an acid- or an amino acid-terminated thiols, mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) and homocystein (H-Cyst) respectively, we were able to differentiate the interactions with ammonium perchlorate (AP) and starch (S), two components of a nanocomposition mixture. To do so, the interaction between gold functionalized surfaces and the two targeted compounds have been characterized and quantified by several complementary techniques. Polarisation modulation-infrared spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), providing chemical analyses of gold surfaces after contacting S or AP, proved that both compounds were retained on MUA or H-Cyst-modified surfaces, but to various extents. Quartz crystal microbalance on-line measurements enabled to monitor the kinetics of interaction and showed distinct differences in the behaviour of MUA and H-Cyst-surfaces towards the two compounds. Having observed that only H-Cyst-modified surfaces enables to get a contrast on the chemical force microscopy (CFM) images, this new result could be well explained by examining the data obtained by combining the above-mentioned surface characterisation techniques.

  1. Cartographie normalisée de l’évolution du trait de côte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahima Faye

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre d'un projet régional de suivi du trait de côte d'Afrique de l'Ouest, une réflexion méthodologique visant à normaliser la présentation cartographique des synthèses diachroniques locales a été engagée. Cependant, l'étendue des variations spatio-temporelles de la position de ce linéaire côtier de plus de 5000 km est très grande tandis que localement, ses mouvements sont parfois si minimes qu'il est difficile d'en rendre compte cartographiquement même à grande échelle. Pour exprimer tout le spectre de ces variations, le modèle proposé associe une représentation cartographique et une représentation graphique et statistique sectorielle de la cinématique littorale.

  2. Vers une cartographie sémantique non supervisée et incrémentale

    OpenAIRE

    Duceux, Guillaume

    2015-01-01

    Robots are slowly entering our houses. But for them to perform more difficult and interesting tasks, they need to have a richer knowledge of the different objects and places present in a particular household. Building and using such a complex knowledge is called semantic mapping and navigation, which requires many different capabilities such as mapping, localization and object recognition. Most of them have been thoroughly studied in the past but often separately and in a different context. W...

  3. Moving through Medieval Macedonia: Late Modern Cartography, Archive Material and Hydrographic Data Used for the Regressive Modelling of Transportation Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Popović, Mihailo St.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to illustrate how the rich data which was gathered during the scholarly work on Macedonia, Southern Part (Tabula Imperii Byzantini, 11) as well as on Macedonia, Northern Part (Tabula Imperii Byzantini, 16) from 2002 until 2010 can be combined with applications deriving from Historical Geographic Information System (HGIS) in order to create a case study on the transportation network and on the hydrography of Lake Vegoritis in the historical region of M...

  4. Contributions aux méthodes de localisation et cartographie simultanées par vision omnidirectionnelle

    OpenAIRE

    Joly, Cyril

    2010-01-01

    Estimating the motion of a mobile robot while simultaneously building a representation of its environment is a key problem for autonomous robotics. This problem is known as SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping). In this thesis, we address the problem of Bearing-only Visual SLAM based on an omnidirectional camera. The environment is made of point-based landmarks whose depth is never measured directly. We first made a state of the art of SLAM solving methods. We finally kept two algorith...

  5. Préserver les archives photographiques africaines : pour une cartographie des acteurs et des initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Nur Goni

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Alors que les œuvres des photographes africains suscitent un intérêt croissant de la part des institutions basées au Nord et que nombre d’initiatives pour les promouvoir voient le jour en Afrique, les archives photographiques historiques connaissent aujourd’hui, sur le continent, un avenir incertain. Cependant, des acteurs divers et toujours plus nombreux se mobilisent pour la sauvegarde de ce qu’ils considèrent comme un patrimoine en danger, capable d’enrichir l’écriture de l’histoire des pays dont ils sont issus, ainsi que celle de l’histoire de la photographie mondiale. Cet article tente de retracer leurs profils et projets, ainsi que les moyens et contextes dans lesquels ils opèrent.

  6. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%.

  7. Analysis of the effects of agricultural land use change on rural environment and landscape through historical cartography and GIS tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Statuto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The human activities and the social and economic transformations occurred during the last century led modifications in the agro-forestry areas. This paper shows a study case study in which the dynamics of land use are analysed using a geographic information system applied to historical maps in order to evaluate the consequences of these land transformations over the last 179 years on the rural environment and landscape. The use of three-dimensional reconstructions, obtained through the creation of different digital terrain model, has allowed to appreciate the landscape modifications, in term of morphological and vegetation variation, determining its aesthetic quality. The analysis shows a common dynamic present in many rural areas of Southern Italy, i.e., the increase of agricultural areas replacing forested surfaces in an older period followed by the further phenomenon of spontaneous re-naturalisation of many of these areas, due to the abandonment of extensive cultivated areas. Moreover, through comparison with historical documents, it was possible to analyse how the agricultural activities influenced the quality of the forest ecosystem. The methodology employed in this study allows a detailed analysis of the processes that occurred in different rural context and the creation of appropriate tools for sustainable land management.

  8. Au-delà de la perspective, cartographier le passé Beyond perspective, mapping out the past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Hatzfeld

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article présente diverses temporalités qui apparaissent dans l’étude du passé d’une usine. La première, pour l’auteur, consiste à prendre le contrôle d’une mémoire dotée d’une ancienne expérience d’usine et à construire une relation méthodique au passé. D’où l’élaboration d’un ancrage dans le présent des problématiques, à travers une revisite – participante – des ateliers. La seconde consiste à rompre l’apparente continuité entre passé et présent et à suivre les spécificités d’un traitement historien d’éléments du passé. Il s’agit, ici à partir de questions d’usine et de travail, d’agencer entre eux ces éléments de sorte à composer une représentation du passé qui ne dépende pas étroitement du regard présent. Dans cette représentation, de fait, les dynamiques de changement et de continuité varient selon les questions posées au passé. Qu’il s’agisse des conditions du travail ou d’horaires, d’emploi ou de conflictualité, ces dynamiques ont des singularités qui conduisent à penser le temps comme pluriel et plastique.This paper presents different kinds of temporality emerging from the historical study of an industrial plant. The first consists in the author’s taking over the memory of an industrial worker’s former experience, and building a methodical relation to the past. By reworking in the plant, he clearly establishes his research in the present. The paper then breaks the apparent continuity between past and present, and adopts the specific historical approach to elements of the past. Through questions concerning the job, this approach attempts to make those elements work together, in order to create a representation of the past independent from the present perspective. In this historical representation, dynamics and rhythms of change and continuity vary according to the questions asked in past tense. Whether it is about working conditions or working hours, about employment or conflicts, the dynamics show particulars conducive to envisaging time as plural and plastic.

  9. Une méthode de cartographie du risque érosif: application aux collines du Terrefort lauragais

    OpenAIRE

    Fox, Dennis; Jean Morschel

    2004-01-01

    A soil erosion risk map is an essential tool for soil conservation planning. It provides a general view of erosion problems and makes it possible to identify sectors requiring emergency action. The erosion risk map produced for this study was achieved by spatialising the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). The aim of this article is to demonstrate the steps involved in developing a soil erosion risk map.

  10. cARTography / kARTografija – Konferencija / Izložbe / Radionica, Zagreb, 15. travnja 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hrvatsko kartografsko društvo, Ge­­­o­­­detski fakultet i Akademija likovnih umjetnosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, u su­ra­dnji s Odjelom za geografiju Sveuči­lišta u Zadru, organizirali su konferen­ciju Kartografija i umjetnost – kARTografija. Prof. Dr. Georg Gartner, predsjednik Međunarodnoga kartografskog društva (International Cartographic Associa­tion – ICA bio je pozvani predavač.Pri proučavanju slikovnoga materijala obično se karte smatraju jednom vrstom objekata, a slike nekom dru­gom. Karte pružaju informacije o položaju i veličini mjesta te daju odnose između mjesta – to su podaci koji se najčešće mogu izmjeriti. Za razliku od karata, slike krajolika evociraju, pobu­đuju predodžbe, njihov cilj je komunicirati kvalitetu mjesta ili potaknuti gledateljeve osjećaje o tome. Karte su bliže znanosti, a slike krajolika umjetnosti i to je opći i uobičajeni pogled ili stav.

  11. Évolution et rôle de la cartographie dans la gestion des zones inondables en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérald GARRY

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les Plans d’Exposition aux Risques (PER commencés en 1984 ont été à l’origine d’une véritable réflexion en matière de prévention des risques naturels, qui s’est caractérisée par la mise au point d’une méthodologie des études, notamment dans le domaine des inondations, et par l’élaboration de cartes dont les applications se sont progressivement étendues et complétées au regard de la planification, de l’information préventive et de la gestion de crise.

  12. Geochemical cartography as a tool for assessing the degree of soil contamination with heavy metals in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymon Borkowski, Andrzej; Kwiatkowska-Malina, Jolanta

    2016-04-01

    Spatial disposition of chemical elements including heavy metals in the soil environment is a very important information during preparation of the thematic maps for the environmental protection and/or spatial planning. This knowledge is also essential for the earth's surface and soil's monitoring, designation of areas requiring improvement including remediation. The main source of anthropogenic pollution of soil with heavy metals are industry related to the mining coal and liquid fuels, mining and metallurgy, chemical industry, energy production, waste management, agriculture and transport. The geochemical maps as a kind of specific thematic maps made on the basis of datasets obtained from the Polish Geological Institute's resources allow to get to know the spatial distribution of different chemical elements including heavy metals in soil. The results of the research carried out by the Polish Geological Institute showed strong contamination in some regions in Poland mainly with arsenic, cadmium, lead and nickel. For this reason it was the point to prepare geochemical maps showing contamination of soil with heavy metals, and determine main sources of contamination and zones where heavy metals concentration was higher than acceptable contents. It was also presented a summary map of soil contamination with heavy metals. Additionally, location of highly contaminated zones was compiled with predominant in those areas types of arable soils and then results were thoroughly analyzed. This information can provide a base for further detailed studies on the soil contamination with heavy metals.

  13. Les limites de la cartographie des risques littoraux : des perspectives pour la compréhension de tous

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaud, Aurélie

    2015-01-01

    Grâce à l’utilisation d’un langage à la fois figuratif et symbolique, la carte est considérée comme une image qui permet une « lecture globale et instantanée » de l’information (Levy, 2002). La carte offre la possibilité de lire un ensemble de représentations de l’espace. Si son support de lecture répandu est le papier, les écrans (ordinateurs, tablettes et téléphones) deviennent actuellement des interfaces de visualisation privilégiées. Ceux-ci s’accompagnent de deux apports technologiques c...

  14. Cartographie génétique des composés phénoliques de la pomme

    OpenAIRE

    Verdu, Cindy

    2013-01-01

    In relation to their antioxidant potential, phenolic compounds are usually associated with a protective effect on the human health of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. They are also widely associated to the organoleptic quality of ciders since they affect bitterness, astringency, color and aroma. Two studies have recently been published on QTL detection for the phenolic content of dessert apple. No study has yet been published for cider apple, even though they are usually more concentrate...

  15. Comptabilité sans frontières: intérêt d'une cartographie

    OpenAIRE

    Stéphanie Chatelain-Ponroy; Olivier Vidal

    2013-01-01

    Comme bien des domaines des sciences de gestion le champ de la comptabilité n'échappe pas aux métaphores. Parmi elles, l'expression " langage comptable " est sans doute la plus courante. Mais d'autres métaphores sont utilisées, comme celles de la photographie, des lentilles ou du jeu de société Scrabble. Chacune met l'accent sur certaines des nombreuses caractéristiques de la comptabilité. Dans cet article nous proposons une nouvelle métaphore, celle de la carte, pour décrire, comprendre et e...

  16. Niveaux d'analyse et cartographie thématique: groupes ethniques et conditions de vie en Bolivie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude ROUX

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Les cartes des conditions de vie en Bolivie montrent des formes d’organisation spatiale récurrentes coïncidant étroitement avec celle des langues quechua et aymara. Mais les conclusions sont tout autres lorsque change le niveau d’analyse notamment en raison des différienciations sociales qui apparaissent à l’échelle locale.

  17. A cartography and GIS consultancy mission to the Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) in Mlingano, Tanzania, september 1999

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, C.

    2000-01-01

    The Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) in Mlingano, Tanzania made a start with GIS activities at the end of 1998. After purchasing GIS hardware and software and basic training courses, Alterra was invited to carry out a consultancy mission to solvepractical problems with map projection, map produ

  18. Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Holon

    Full Text Available Ecosystem services provided by oceans and seas support most human needs but are threatened by human activities. Despite existing maps illustrating human impacts on marine ecosystems, information remains either large-scale but rough and insufficient for stakeholders (1 km² grid, lack of data along the coast or fine-scale but fragmentary and heterogeneous in methodology. The objectives of this study are to map and quantify the main pressures exerted on near-coast marine ecosystems, at a large spatial scale though in fine and relevant resolution for managers (one pixel = 20 x 20 m. It focuses on the French Mediterranean coast (1,700 km of coastline including Corsica at a depth of 0 to 80 m. After completing and homogenizing data presently available under GIS on the bathymetry and anthropogenic pressures but also on the seabed nature and ecosystem vulnerability, we provide a fine modeling of the extent and impacts of 10 anthropogenic pressures on marine habitats. The considered pressures are man-made coastline, boat anchoring, aquaculture, urban effluents, industrial effluents, urbanization, agriculture, coastline erosion, coastal population and fishing. A 1:10 000 continuous habitat map is provided considering 11 habitat classes. The marine bottom is mostly covered by three habitats: infralittoral soft bottom, Posidonia oceanica meadows and circalittoral soft bottom. Around two thirds of the bottoms are found within medium and medium high cumulative impact categories. Seagrass meadows are the most impacted habitats. The most important pressures (in area and intensity are urbanization, coastal population, coastal erosion and man-made coastline. We also identified areas in need of a special management interest. This work should contribute to prioritize environmental needs, as well as enhance the development of indicators for the assessment of the ecological status of coastal systems. It could also help better apply and coordinate management measures at a relevant scale for biodiversity conservation.

  19. Catabática: cartografías de subjetividades fronterizas Catabática: border subjectivities cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Moraga García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Catabática es el primer libro que compone una trilogía de la poeta Ivonne Coñue-car, el que explora los contornos fronterizos en la constitución de la experiencia y en la autoproducción de subjetividad, teniendo como soporte inevitable de ambas, el cuerpo. El presente artículo pretende, a partir de una perspectiva de género, indagar de qué manera la autora posiciona y problematiza el extrañamiento del cuerpo dentro de una geográfica patagónica que ha sido sometida al control de los poderes que regulan el género, el cuerpo y la experiencia.Catabática is the first book that makes up a trilogy of the poet Ivonne Coñue-car, who explores the boundaries between the constitution of experience and the self-production of subjectivity, with the inevitable support of the body in both cases. This article aims to from a gender perspective, and explores how the author positions and problematizes the estrangement of the body inside of a Patagonian geographic that has been subjected to the control of the powers that govern gender, body and experience.

  20. Three-dimensional GIS cartography applied to the study of the spatial variation of soil horizons in a Swiss floodplain

    OpenAIRE

    Santos Mendonça, M.L; Guenat, Claire; Bouzelboudjen, Mahmoud; Golay, Frederic

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we propose to establish a framework for the study of the spatial variability of the soils found in the floodplain of the Sarine River and for the visualisation of soil distribution patterns in two- and three-dimensions (2-D, 3-D). This environment is characterised by a large lateral and vertical spatial variability of soils that corresponds to the temporal and spatial variations of the fluvial dynamics of the Sarine. The study was carried out using existing Geographical Informa...

  1. Cartographie des risques industriels du dépot pétrolier à Hussein Dey, Alger (Algérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FATIMA ZOHRA MOHAMED-CHÉRIF

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hazard Mapping of Industrial Oil Storage in Hussein Dey, Algiers ( Algeria. The industrial hazardsare a danger to environment. It is the case of the fuel depot of Caroubier in the municpality of Hussein Dey in the outskirts of the capital Algiers. It is a potential danger in this urban area and a real challenge for the local authorities which do not have app ropriate tools for risk management. The municipality possesses single maps with colored items corresponding to the identification of spatial risks. The objective of this article is to map the risks generated by fuel depot. This mapping will help us localiz e the spatial vulnerability to suggest land planning measures.

  2. Fouille de données complexes : des relevés terrain aux données satellitaires pour la cartographie de paysages agricoles

    OpenAIRE

    Badra, F.; Vintrou, E; Bégué, A.; Teisseire, M.

    2010-01-01

    National audience; Dans cet article, nous présentons une approche préliminaire de caractérisation des paysages ruraux et de leurs systèmes de culture à partir de techniques de fouille de données (recherche d'itemsets fréquents). Cette méthode permet de coupler des données de relevé terrain aux indicateurs de texture extraits des images satellites. Sa mise en œuvre sur des données associées au Mali pose les premières bases d'une méthode originale d'extraction de motifs séquentiels à partir de ...

  3. Contribution à l'étude et à la cartographie des zones sensibles à l'érosion hydrique du MONT DE SAIDA

    OpenAIRE

    LATRECHE, BACHIR

    2015-01-01

    L'érosion hydrique reste un problème majeur en Algérie Septentrionale dont le principal facteur est le ruissellement dont la répartition spatiale est contrôlée par celles des précipitations, des caractéristiques géologiques et bio physiographiques (topographie, couvert végétal,...). L'érosion se manifeste principalement sur les sols en pente et constitue une des principales causes de dégradation des sols dans les massifs montagneux de Saïda. Elle s'est accélérée suite aux défri...

  4. Localication et cartographie simultanées par vision monoculaire contraintes par un SIG : application à la géolocalisation d'un véhicule

    OpenAIRE

    Lothe, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    This thesis deals with the vision based geolocalisation of a vehicle. In particular, the problem of localisation on large sequences, i.e. several kilometers, is studied. In this context, state of the art Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping systems suffer from drift. In consequence,existing SLAM methods can not provide accurate localisation of the camera after several hundred meters. Thus, we propose in this thesis to avoid the drift phenomenon by exploiting a simple knowledge about the geom...

  5. Determination of efficacious vaccine seed strains for use against Egyptian H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses through antigenic cartography and in vivo challenge studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Since 2006, there have been reported outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in vaccinated chickens in Africa and Asia. This study provides experimental data for selection of efficacious H5N1 vaccine seed strains against recently circulating strains of H5N1 HPAI viruses in Egypt....

  6. Fossils, frogs, floating islands and expanding Earth in changing-radius cartography A comment to a discussion on Journal of Biogeography

    OpenAIRE

    G. Scalera

    2007-01-01

    In this short note I have tried to make clear the issues surrounding a recent discussion on changing-radius paleobiogeographical problems of the Pacific Ocean biotic distribution. It is stressed that such an important discussion cannot be developed in the absence of proper cartographic methods that must necessarily introduce an increasing radius parameter, highlighting the effects of a changing curvature in the continental/oceanic plates in their movements from a globe of ...

  7. Fossils, frogs, floating islands and expanding Earth in changing-radius cartography – A comment to a discussion on Journal of Biogeography

    OpenAIRE

    Scalera, G.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italia

    2007-01-01

    In this short note I have tried to make clear the issues surrounding a recent discussion on changing-radius paleobiogeographical problems of the Pacific Ocean biotic distribution. It is stressed that such an important discussion cannot be developed in the absence of proper cartographic methods that must necessarily introduce an increasing radius parameter, highlighting the effects of a changing curvature in the continental/oceanic plates in their movements from a globe of a given ...

  8. Horse-Girl Assemblages: Towards a Post-Human Cartography of Girls' Desire in an Ex-Mining Valleys Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renold, Emma; Ivinson, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    The paper works with queer and feminist post-human materialist scholarship to understand the way young teen valleys' girls experienced ubiquitous feelings of fear, risk, vulnerability and violence. Longitudinal ethnographic research of girls (aged 12-15) living in an ex-mining semi-rural community suggests how girls are negotiating complex…

  9. Lemming Nagel : Tekstimaalid, laseeritud monitoride keel ja kadunud asjade kartograafia = Text paintings, the language of glazed monitors and the cartography of lost things / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Lemming Nageli jaoks on oluline autobiograafilisus ja isiklike tähelepanekute ülestähendamine. Äärmiselt hoolika vaatlejana on Nagel püüdnud teostes esile tuua igapäevaelu absurdi, nii nagu tema seda näeb. Oma hüperrealistlikel maalidel peegeldab ta seda eriskummalises vormis: põlenud lauajupid, laste mänguasjad, keraamilised plaadid, klaasikillud - kõik mis ainult pähe tuleb ja kätte satub, kuid peamiselt huvitavad teda ikkagi maalilised probleemid, nagu koloriit ja perspektiiv, pildi ja raami suhe, kunsti metatasand või mäng pealkirja, kujutise ja taustaga. Oma maalides vaatab ta maastikku lukuaugu, luubi, teksti või kaardi kaudu, nagu looks ta mingit teist reaalsust. Igal juhul asetab ta reaalsuse raamidesse. Armastust kaartide vastu võib pidada üheks tema maastikumaali vormiks

  10. The perception of place and the 'origins of handedness' debate: towards a cognitive cartography of science in late-Victorian Dublin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Tanya

    2015-01-01

    In 1884, a medical paper entitled 'Consideration of the Structural and Acquisitional Elements in Dextral Pre-Eminence' penned by the Dublin physician George Sigerson, appeared in the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. A number of years later, the Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland presented a similar piece by Dublin anatomist Daniel John Cunningham, on the topic of 'Right-Handedness and Left-Brainedness'. For the late nineteenth-century scientific community, these articles represented two Dublin-based contributions to a long-running and wide-ranging debate on the origins of handedness. However, by building on the geographical premise that scientific knowledge bears the imprint of its location and that place matters in the way scientific claims come to be sanctioned, this paper probes, not merely an encounter with evolutionary science in the less well explored domain of fin de siècle Dublin, but more crucially, how these local reviews of manual dexterity were in part shaped by the scientists' differing perceptions of their city. By attending to the lives of Sigerson and Cunningham and focusing on the interplay between life-space, city-space and science, it underscores the critical role of place and space in the reception, circulation and mobilisation of scientific knowledge in the city.

  11. La cartografía mental y su incidencia en el pensamiento creativo Mental cartography and its impact on creative thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Andrés

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación que acá se reseña puso a prueba los mapas mentales en grupos de estudiantes. Metodológicamente se apeló a un diseño cuasi-experimental intragrupos, con el ánimo de establecer si con el uso de mapas mentales los sujetos de investigación mejoraban o no su nivel de originalidad y eficacia con respecto a ideas que se derivaran de procesos creativos que no utilizaran la cartografía mental. Los investigadores obtuvieron un total de 64 ideas, 32 resultantes del uso de mapas mentales y otras 32 provenientes de procesos que no involucraron al mapa mental. Para hacer los comparativos del caso se apeló a evaluaciones cualificadas de la originalidad y la eficacia mediante la utilización de un diferencial semántico que permitió valorar estadísticamente los puntajes dados a cada una de las ideas realizadas por los sujetos de investigación. La hipótesis que se planteó en el sentido de que los mapas mentales mejoran la originalidad de los estudiantes se confirmó, más no otra hipótesis que sugería que con los mapas mentales se incrementaba el nivel de eficacia de las propuestas. No obstante, dependiendo del tipo de mapa mental utilizado, la eficacia puede no verse disminuida, en tanto que la originalidad se incrementa, con toda seguridad, independientemente del tipo de mapa mental utilizado en el proceso. El mapa mental, debidamente utilizado, potencializa en los estudiantes el pensamiento divergente, la flexibilidad espontanea, las jerarquías planas y, en general, su creatividad. The research that is outlined here did tests the metal maps on a group of students. Methodologically the study appealed to a semi-experimental design within groups, with the intention to establish if by using mental maps people’s level of originality and efficacy as to the ideas that came from creative processes were higher than those who didn’t use mental maps. The researchers obtained a total of 64 ides, 32 came from the use of mental maps and the other 32 came from processes that did not involve mental maps at all. In order to compare the study the evaluation qualified the originality and assertiveness by means of a semantic differential that allowed to statistically value the scores given to each of the ideas that came from the students subject to the tests. The proposed hypothesis leading towards the idea that mental maps would enhance the students’ originality was confirmed, yet not a second hypothesis that suggested that with the use of mental maps the level of efficacy would be higher. Regardless, depending on the type f mental map used, efficacy may not be reduced while the originality is sure to be enhanced while using any type of mental map. Such maps, if used adequately promotes diverging though processes in students, spontaneous flexibility, flat hierarchies and creativity in general.

  12. Interpretation of an airborne geophysical survey in southern Paris Basin: towards a lithological cartography, key tool for the management of shrinking/swelling clay problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prognon, F.; Tourliere, B.; Perrin, J.; Lacquement, F.; Martelet, G.; Deparis, J.; Gourdier, S.; Drufin, S.

    2011-12-01

    Regolith formations support a full spectrum of human activities. Among others, they provide a source of extractable materials and form the substratum of soils. As such, they should be considered as a capital to be managed and protected. Moreover, one of the main challenges for present and future land settlement is to prevent house building programs from being planned inside shrink-swell risky areas which is only possible thanks to an complete lithological mapping of the french regolith. We illustrate here the results of the geological interpretation of an airborne geophysical survey carried out in "Région Centre" administrative region in the southern part of the Paris Basin, in France. Among other techniques, airborne geophysics is appropriate to quickly provide information on near surface, because of i) its high spatial coverage ii) the rapidity of acquisition and iii) the variety of available sensors (magnetic, spectral radiometry, electromagnetic...). Spectral radiometry data were collected with a line spacing of 1 km. This method provides maps of potassium (K), uranium (U) and thorium (Th) which are the only naturally occurring elements with direct or indirect radioisotopes that produce gamma rays of sufficient intensity to be measured at airborne survey heights. On the radiometric data we applied the HAC (Hierarchical Ascendant Classification) computation procedure: taking into account several variables, the statistical HAC method groups individuals based on their resemblance. Also in this study, calibrated Total Count channel (TCm) is compared to an estimated dose rate (TCe) computed from the measured radioelement abundances: TCe = 13.078 * K + 5.675 * U + 2.494 * Th. Our results show that the ratio TCe/TCm came out to be a good indicator of ground property changes within Sologne mixed sandy-clay environment. Processed geophysical data are cross-checked with geological data (from field observations) and field or laboratory measurements of mineralogical data from X-Ray diffractometry and hyperspectral method. Our study demonstrates that in the silico-clastic basin of Région Centre, aerial gamma-ray data mostly reflect concentrations of radiogenic elements in clay minerals. Joint analysis of above mentioned data allow the discrimination in clay mineral nature. A detailed interpretation of gamma-ray data allows broad lithological changes to be readily mapped at 1/100 000 scale. Despite the former 1/50 000 scale geological mapping, the geological interpretation of airborne data led to the discovery of several unknown geological units. Our study demonstrates the consistence of airborne geophysical methods for geological prospection, especially in forested and hardily accessible area. The lithological mapping of the sedimentary units is the angular stone for the management of the shrinking/swelling clay problem. We demonstrate here that 90% of cracked houses of "Région Centre" can be located thanks to the TCe/TCm ratio algorithm.

  13. Underground fieldwork – A cultural and social history of cave cartography and surveying instruments in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Mattes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available At the turn of the 20th century, the practical examination of caves went through a radical change. Governmental organizations and private clubs were founded in an attempt to establish speleology as an independent academic subject. In contrast to earlier cave visitors, travelers began entering underground areas and attributing the names of “explorers” or “researchers” to themselves. Fieldwork—especially cave surveying and cartography—became common practice in speleology and such work provided important clues on speleogenesis, which was a controversial issue in the first half of the 20th century. Due to the fact that speleologists began separating themselves from ordinary cave visitors and tourists, tools and instruments for cave exploration and mapping, such as carbide lamps, ropes, compasses, clinometers, and drawing boards, became the emblems of speleology. Through historical discourse analysis, this paper examines whether this change in the status and practice of underground fieldwork had an effect on the self-perception of speleology and led to new forms of social cooperation and control between speleologists. Further questions address the manner in which the usage of new surveying instruments and the relevance of cave mapping modified the scientific research parameters and the cultural perceptions of the subterranean world. As a contribution to speleo-history, this approach opens a new perspective on the social and cultural dimensions of speleological fieldwork as well as the historical, scientific, and political dynamics in which they were involved. Sources for this research comprised historical scientific papers on cave mapping, textbooks, and archive materials from the Austrian National Library, the Natural History Museum in Vienna, and the Austrian Speleological Association.

  14. Uuenduslik urbanism planeerimistöötubades: tõlgendav kaardistamine ja projektiivsed kartograafiad = Innovative urbanism through design research workshops: interpretative mapping and projective cartographies / Kelly Shannon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shannon, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab linnafoorumite laadseid töötubasid Belgias, mis on muutunud edukaks regiooni maastiku- ja ruumiplaneerimise vahendiks. Kahest planeerimisuuringute töötoast, mis tegelesid Leie jõe piirkonna elluturgutamisega Kortrijki ja Waregemi vahel (2009) ja Marke linnametsa loomisega (2010). Pärnu linnast ja linnafoorumist, kolmest strateegiast, mis arendati foorumil välja Pärnu jõe ja Pärnu lahe vahelise ala jaoks

  15. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité globale d'une population citadine face aux risques naturels: le cas de Manizales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Catherine CHARDON

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette méthode cartographique sert à évaluer la vulnérabilité de la population d’une grande ville andine (Manizales, Colombie, exposée aux séismes et à de fréquents glissements de terrain. Sept facteurs naturels et huit facteurs socio-économiques, mesurés à l’échelle du quartier, sont intégrés, avec d’autre facteurs géographiques, dans une carte de vulnérabilité globale.

  16. Integration de donnees multisources de teledetection et de donnees morphometriques pour la cartographie des formations meubles: Region de Cochabamba en Bolivie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulibaly, Lacina

    2002-04-01

    In this study, we develop a new method for mapping surficial deposits based on the modeling of the synergistic relationship between objects on the surface identifiable from remote sensing data, morphometric information derived from a DEM and geoscience ancillary data. The performance of SPOT-4 HRVIR, Landsat-7 ETM+, and RADARSAT-1 S4 and S5 mode SAR satellite data are compared in order to identify and map the surface indicators of surficial deposits. Furthermore, morphometric data such as altitude, slope, slope orientation, slope curvature and the potential moisture index extracted from the DEM are used to define the ground topographical characteristics. Supervised classifications were carried out from single source images and multisource image combinations using image fusion techniques including RVB, ACP and HIS. Different spectral indices including NDVI, TSAVI, RI and IF, as well as texture indices (average, standard deviation, entropy, contrast) are also compared. The different layers of information obtained are regrouped into categories of variables in relation to the vegetation cover, soils, the textural organization of the landscape and the topography. Results show that the supervised classification using the maximum likelihood method based on the RVB fusion of HRVIR and SAR S4 data provides the best classification rate of the land cover estimated at 96%. The morphometric data derived from the DEM are integrated with the results of the spectral indices, the texture indices and the land cover map in a linear equation within a discriminant analysis. Based on this equation, we were able to model the synergy between the surficial deposits indicators which allowed their identification and mapping. Based solely on the binary units derived from the land cover variables, the model is capable of identifying and classifying surficial deposits in the study area with a global accuracy of 70%. The addition of spectral indices relating to vegetation and soil to the preceding information increases the global classification precision to 79%. This improvement in the results confirms the importance of the two categories of spectral indices in providing information on the density of the vegetation cover, the state of growth of the vegetation and the soil spectral characteristics. The addition of texture indices added to the previous information increases the classification accuracy to 81%. Finally, the addition of topographical information to the parameters of the previous step provides a further improvement in the global classification rate from 81% to 88%, a further increase of 7%. Validation of the final results of the model applied to the entire study area, in comparison with ground truth data and geological maps, gives a global classification rate of 88%. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  17. La cartografía mental y su incidencia en el pensamiento creativo Mental cartography and its impact on creative thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Andrés

    2011-01-01

    La investigación que acá se reseña puso a prueba los mapas mentales en grupos de estudiantes. Metodológicamente se apeló a un diseño cuasi-experimental intragrupos, con el ánimo de establecer si con el uso de mapas mentales los sujetos de investigación mejoraban o no su nivel de originalidad y eficacia con respecto a ideas que se derivaran de procesos creativos que no utilizaran la cartografía mental. Los investigadores obtuvieron un total de 64 ideas, 32 resultantes del uso de mapas mentales...

  18. Structure spatiale et cartographie des peuplements benthiques du bassin de Marennes- Oléron : première approche par la méthode du krigeage

    OpenAIRE

    Bacher, Cedric; Sauriau, Pierre-guy

    1995-01-01

    Les peuplements benthiques du bassin de Marennes-Oléron ont été échantillonnées au printemps 1984 dans le but d'étudier le stock des compétiteurs des populations de filtreurs cultivés (huître Crassostrea gigas et moule Mytilus edulis). 370 échantillons ont été prélevés sur une surface d'étude de 18Okm2 en utilisant un plan aléatoire stratifié. Les résultats ont été regroupés en deux groupes d'espèces ayant des stratégies nutritionnelles différentes (mollusques déposivores ou suspensivores)...

  19. Une cartographie des écoulements annuels et mensuels d'un grand bassin versant structurée par la topologie du réseau hydrographique

    OpenAIRE

    Sauquet, E.

    2000-01-01

    The work focuses on the way to take account of the links to basin characteristics and topological river patterns in interpolation procedures of discharges. A first procedure is developed for long term average runoff. It performs a disaggregation of the mean annual streamflow generated by a basin to estimate water depths on each element of an arbitrary partition of the study area. The technique is based on geostatistical interpolation procedures to which a global constraint of water balance wa...

  20. Utilisation du krigeage à dérives externes pour cartographier les normales mensuelles de précipitation d'une petite île

    OpenAIRE

    Cantet, P.

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the spatial distribution of mean annual and monthly precipitation in a small island (1128km²) named Martinique, located in the Lesser Antilles. Only 35 meteorological stations are available on the territory, which has a complex topography. With a digital elevation model (DEM), 17 covariates that are likely to explain precipitation were built. Several interpolation methods, such as regression-kriging (MLRK, PCRK, PLSK) and external drift kriging (EDK) were tested using a...

  1. Remotely sensed data fusion for offshore wind energy resource mapping; Fusion de donnees satellitaires pour la cartographie du potentiel eolien offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Ticha, M.B

    2007-11-15

    Wind energy is a component of an energy policy contributing to a sustainable development. Last years, offshore wind parks have been installed offshore. These parks benefit from higher wind speeds and lower turbulence than onshore. To sit a wind park, it is necessary to have a mapping of wind resource. These maps are needed at high spatial resolution to show wind energy resource variations at the scale of a wind park. Wind resource mapping is achieved through the description of the spatial variations of statistical parameters characterizing wind climatology. For a precise estimation of these statistical parameters, high temporal resolution wind speed and direction measurements are needed. However, presently, there is no data source allying high spatial resolution and high temporal resolution. We propose a data fusion method taking advantage of the high spatial resolution of some remote sensing instruments (synthetic aperture radars) and the high temporal resolution of other remote sensing instruments (scatterometers). The data fusion method is applied to a case study and the results quality is assessed. The results show the pertinence of data fusion for the mapping of wind energy resource offshore. (author)

  2. La représentation de l'espace en Égypte ancienne: cartographie d'un itinéraire d'expédition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel BAUD

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available L'unique carte topographique léguée par l'Égypte pharaonique, conservée sur un papyrus du XIIe siècle avant J.C., présente une partie du désert oriental égyptien. L'étude de sa structure montre qu'il s'agit plus d'un itinéraire que d'une carte, au sens actuel du terme.

  3. An Exploration of Hyperion Hyperspectral Imagery Combined with Different Supervised Classification Approaches Towards Obtaining More Accurate Land Use/Cover Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igityan, Nune

    2014-05-01

    Land use and land cover (LULC) constitutes a key variable of the Earth's system that has in general shown a close correlation with human activities and the physical environment. Describing the pattern and the spatial distribution of LULC is traditionally based on remote sensing data analysis and, evidently, one of the most commonly techniques applied has been image classification. The main objective of the present study has been to evaluate the combined use of Hyperion hyperspectral imagery with a range of supervised classification algorithms widely available today for discriminating LULC classes in a typical Mediterranean setting. Accuracy assessment of the derived thematic maps was based on the analysis of the classification confusion matrix statistics computed for each classification map, using for consistency the same set of validation points. Those were selected on the basis of photo-interpretation of high resolution aerial imagery and of panchromatic imagery available for the studied region at the time of the Hyperion overpass. Results indicated close classification accuracy between the different classifiers with the SVMs outperforming the other classification approaches. The higher classification accuracy by SVMs was attributed principally to the ability of this classifier to identify an optimal separating hyperplane for classes' separation which allows a low generalisation error, thus producing the best possible classes' separation. Although all classifiers produced close results, SVMs generally appeared most useful in describing the spatial distribution and the cover density of each land cover category. All in all, this study demonstrated that, provided that a Hyperion hyperspectral imagery can be made available at regular time intervals over a given region, when combined with SVMs classifiers, can potentially enable a wider approach in land use/cover mapping. This can be of particular importance, especially for regions like in the Mediterranean basin, since it can be related to mapping and monitoring of land degradation and desertification phenomena which are evident in such areas. KEYWORDS: land cover/use mapping, Hyperion, classification, Mediterranean

  4. Analyse The Applications of CorelDraw VBA in Cartography%浅析CorelDraw VBA在地图制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑨

    2014-01-01

    VBA是CorelDraw中集成的面向对象程序开发环境的子集。作业员可以应用VBA来编写适合的宏,最大程度的运用计算机的自动化来完善制图工作。本文主要通过CMYK色表的实现介绍了宏的编译过程和运用技巧,还有通过工具设置宏的快捷启动方式。%VBA is the subset that integrated object-oriented programming environment in coreldraw.Operator can write right macros by VBA,to improve the mapping work through the computer automation maximumly.This paper describes the compilation process and using technique of macros through the realization of CMYK color system,and setting up quick start method of macros.

  5. Modélisation et cartographie de la pollution marine et de la bathymétrie à partir de l'imagerie satellitaire

    OpenAIRE

    Bachari Houma, Fouzia

    2009-01-01

    In order to protect the natural medium and to control the pollution caused by such rejects, it is necessary to achieve a continuous survey of the reject zones. The goal of this study is a developed a methodology for modelling pollution and bathymetry from the digital satellite images.Indeed, our objective consists of the development of a software POLGIS intended for the management of the marine databases for the control and the monitoring of the pollution Satellite imagery can be used to esti...

  6. Cartographie et histoire: la différenciation de l'espace dans la Chine des Printemps et des Automnes (721-472 av. J.-C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain REYNAUD

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À partir des renseignements tirés d'une chronique, il est possible d'avoir une idée des flux entre les principautés de la Chine antique et d'esquisser la différenciation de l'espace chinois.

  7. 7 CFR 611.20 - Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS Cartographic Operations § 611.20 Function. The NRCS National Cartography and Geospatial Center provides cartographic services needed to carry out NRCS functions. Cartographic services include general cartography, photogrammetry, aerial photography, planimetric...

  8. Cartography and risk management in radiotherapy: a collaborative work of the department of radiotherapy and the department of quality and risk management Institute Jean-Godinot; Cartographie et gestion des risques en radiotherapie: un travail commun du departement de radiotherapie et du departement de la qualite et de la gestion des risques de l'institut Jean-Godinot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, T.D.; Loiseau, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de radiotherapie, 51 - Reims (France); Devie, I.; Heusghem, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de la qualite et de la gestion des risques, 51 - Reims (France); Gaillot-Petit, N. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Unite de radiophysique medicale, 51 - Reims (France)

    2010-01-15

    Purpose To deploy an inductive process for radiotherapy risk management in a regional cancer centre and to infer the actions required to solve the situations of criticality. Methods Close collaboration between the department of radiation oncology-biophysics and the department of quality and risk management in the same institution allowed to create a multi professional and multidisciplinary task force and to make the experience feedback easier. A preliminary risk analysis method was used to identify the generic dangers, the mapping of risks and the specification of the scales of criticality. This method helped to evaluate and to rate each apprehended event. Four scales have been defined: seriousness scale in five levels, likelihood scale in five classes, endeavour scale in four levels and criticality scale in three categories: acceptable (criticality 1) tolerable under control (criticality 2) and unacceptable (criticality 3). Results Fifty-seven level 1 dangerous situations linked to 78 scenarios of criticality acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable in 24, 44 and 10 cases respectively have been identified in the department of radiotherapy leading to carry out 28 risk reduction actions. Conclusions The performed risk analysis offered an original frame for a collective thinking among the care providers and contributed to modify their mode of conceiving both security and radioprotection. The study allowed us to give a relevant answer to the High Authority of Health and the Authority of Nuclear Security demands either in terms of efficient management of the risks in radiotherapy or regarding the daily concerns of the care-givers. (authors)

  9. Measurement of disequilibrium in uranium and geochemical cartography by XRF field measurements for uranium exploration in a roll-front context (Mongolia); Mesure du desequilibre en uranium et cartographie geochimique par mesures XRF de terrain pour l'exploration uranium en contexte de rollfront (Mongolie)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andre, G. [COGEGOBI / AREVA NC, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France); Licht, A. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines, 75 - Paris (France)

    2009-07-01

    Exploration studies in the South-eastern Mongolia revealed uranium mineralisation associated with a roll-front development in sands and clays of the Sainshand formation (late Cretaceous). The authors report a field measurement campaign performed with a portable X-ray fluorescence apparatus which allows on-site analysis of 30 species including uranium. This on-site analysis of uranium contents quickly characterizes the equilibrium state of new sectors. Visualization of disequilibria informs on the genesis and on the evolution of the deposit. The tracking of elements like selenium, vanadium and molybdenum helps the understanding of uranium trap or release mechanisms

  10. ¿Cartografía antigua o Cartografía histórica?

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Sanz, Antonio; Fernández Wyttenbach, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    The terms related to the History of Cartography need to be revised in the light of the confusion and ambiguities that have been brought about. Many map publications or catalogues use the term historical cartography to characterize their content, although the name old cartography should be used instead; and literal translation of some expressions taken from other languages yields unsuccessful results. The new technologies have lead to a singular development and dissemination of Cartography, it...

  11. Localisation et cartographie simultanées de l'environnement à bord de véhicules autonomes : analyse de solutions fondées sur le filtrage de Kalman

    OpenAIRE

    Chanier, François

    2010-01-01

    In order to be autonomous, a mobile robot must be able to describe the environment where it evolves. To this end, the robot must localize itself and make a map of the environment if no one is available.With this information, it will able, for example, to avoid obstacles and therefore, to navigate safely. This ability is a compulsory step on the way of its complete autonomy. The subject handled in this document deals with this problem. It refers to simultaneous vehicle localization and environ...

  12. CARTOGRAFÍA DE LA CIUDAD: LA CASA SUBVERSIVA EN NACISTE PINTADA (1999 DE CARMEN BERENGUER Cartography of the city: The subversive house in Naciste Pintada by Carmen Berenguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Calderón

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La escritura de Carmen Berenguer se sustenta en dos preguntas fundamentales: ¿Cuál es el lugar de la literatura? y ¿Si soy mujer, quién soy? Así, la hibridez discursiva en Naciste Pintada participa de una rearticulación de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de una mujer poeta habitando un mundo fragmentado y fragmentario. La ciudad descrita es neo-barroca, maquillada y, esencialmente, travesti. La casa, inmanente y femenina -lugar de la especula(rización de la mujer- deviene pública y subvierte el discurso hegemónico de la ciudad, trascendente y masculina. La pérdida de su carácter privado altera el imaginario de la casa y favorece los cambios sociales. En Naciste pintada hay dos discursos de la mujer insertos en dos ciudades significativas: uno es poético (Valparaíso, centro perdido de la poeta y el otro coloquial (Santiago, su hábitat. La casa, figura metonímica, sugiere otra cartografía significante de la ciudad y plantea la aterritorialidad de la mujer en el mundo posmoderno.Carmen Berenguer’s writing is shaped by two fundamentals questions: What is the place of literature? And if I’m a woman, who am I? Thus, the discursive hybridism contemplated in Naciste Pintada is part of a new urban articulation from a female poet’s vision living in a fragmented world. The city described in this novel is neo-baroque, maked-up and essentially disguised. The home, immanent and feminine, place of woman’s specula(risation, becomes public, and denatures the hegemonic discourse of the city, transcendent and masculine. The lost of its private characteristic subverts the house’s imaginary and implies social changes. In Naciste Pintada, we perceive two women’s discourses inserted in two specifics cities: the first one is poetic (Valparaiso, the lost center of the poet, and the other is colloquial (Santiago, her habitat. The house, metonymic trope, suggests another significant map of the city, and establishes the woman aterritoriality in the post-modern world.

  13. La cartografía ambiental como base para los estudios de planificación ecológica del territorio The environmental cartography as a basis for the ecological territorial planning studies

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Cavallaro; Federico Nicosia Burgos; Patricio Julián Fontaneto

    2010-01-01

    El desarrollo económico y el crecimiento poblacional producen no sólo una demanda constante de territorio sino una creciente presión sobre el medio biofísico. Ante el desafío de planificar una región, la cartografía temática ambiental constituye una herramienta fundamental para alcanzar los objetivos de un desarrollo sustentable, integrando información biofísica y social. Asimismo, la planificación ecológica del territorio permite identificar las tendencias del uso y ocupación territorial. Es...

  14. Méthode pragmatique d'évaluation de la réserve en eau des stations forestières et cartographie à l'échelle régionale (Wallonie, Belgique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridremont, F.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pragmatic assessment of the water reserve of the forest sites and mapping at the regional scale (Wallonia, Belgium. The assessment of the forest sites water availability constitutes a growing concern following the awareness of the potential impact of climate change on the soil moisture regime. At the present time, the forest managers lack tools for a quantitative estimation of the soil water reserve. This paper presents a simple estimation method that can be adopted on field by foresters. A map of this soil water reserve at the forest site scale has been established for the Southern Belgium. After the inventory of the possible techniques, the "textural method", based on the pedotransfert classes of Jamagne et al. (1977, has been used. The soil profiles from the Aardewerk database have eased the translation of the Jamagne et al. (1977's results in the Belgian textural system. Moreover, the geodatabase of the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia (DSMW, through the typology of the major soil types, has been used as mapping support of the water reserve at the regional scale. Like a first attempt of validation, the result has been compared with the bioindicator character of forest understory vegetation. The regression results show a significant relationship between the soil water reserve and the vegetation estimate, but they also indicate that the water reserve does not explain alone the moisture level expressed by the flora. It emerges that the characterization of the Walloon parent materials will constitute an undeniable support for the development of the proposed method, the transposition of foreign results leading to some bias. The use prospects of this thematic map are multiple: integration as inputs for the autecological modelling, assessment of the moisture regime for the water availability of forest sites and building of sites catalogs; as many tools to guide forest managers in their planning measures.

  15. Problem Based Learning (PBL) and E-learning in geodetic engineering, cartography and surveying education in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) frame. A case study in the University of Leon (Spain): experiences and results

    OpenAIRE

    ??lvarez Taboada, Mar??a Flor; Fern??ndez Mart??nez, Marta; Rodr??guez P??rez, Jos?? Ram??n, 1968-; Sanz Ablanedo, Enoc

    2006-01-01

    The concepts and strategies defined in the Bologna Process to develop a European Higher Education Area, involve a change in the educative programs, wich have to be adapted to innovative teaching and learning processes based on achieving specific knowledge according to the professional field of work. Thus, the method has to be focused in the learning process and not in the teaching process. Probelm Based Learning emphasises learning activities which are student-centred,interdisciplinary, auteh...

  16. Cartographie du fonctionnement hydrique des sols d’une parcelle agricole hétérogène à partir d’informations pédologiques et environnementales

    OpenAIRE

    Bourennane, Hocine; Vaysse, Kévin; Nicoullaud, Bernard; Couturier, Alain; Cousin, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    La variation spatio-temporelle de la teneur en eau des sols d’une parcelle de 10 ha a été évaluée grâce à 9 campagnes de mesures de la teneur en eau pondérale. Une carte des teneurs en eau des sols à chaque date ainsi qu'une carte moyenne de la variabilité temporelle ont été réalisées par krigeage ordinaire. Des zones toujours plus sèches et des zones toujours plus humides ont été identifiées. La stabilité de ces zones dans le temps a été confirmée par la carte de la variabilité spatio-tempor...

  17. Cartography an a strategy of empire in Historia General de los Hechos de los Castellanos en las Islas i Tierra firme del Mar Océano by Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas

    OpenAIRE

    Connett, Christina Findlay

    2014-01-01

    Argumentamos que Herrera intenta legitimizar el control español del Imperio al imponer una universalidad euro-céntrica católica a dicho imperio a través de su aplicación de las iconografías estratégicas, religiosas e imperialistas enraizadas dentro de un programa cartográfico. “La idea de una verdad imperial fue esencial para que los españoles tuviesen una convicción en una experiencia imperial significativa ” y lo que se afirma aquí es que la inclusión de elementos cartográficos presta cr...

  18. A cartography of K{beta} resonant inelastic X-ray scattering for lifetime-broadening-suppressed spin-selected XANES of {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashi, Hisashi [Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Japan Women' s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8681 (Japan)], E-mail: hayashih@fc.jwu.ac.jp; Azumi, Tomofumi; Sato, Atsushi; Udagawa, Yasuo [IMRAM, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

    2008-12-15

    A series of K{beta} resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectra of {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} is presented as two-dimensional RIXS maps and analyzed in terms of the Kramers-Heisenberg equation. Genuine lifetime-broadening-suppressed (LBS) spin-selected oscillator strength distributions, which are consistent with Hund's rule, are deduced. It is shown that 2D maps can highlight implications of RIXS results to reveal existences and characteristics of electronic states which are hidden in absorption spectra.

  19. Phyto climatic characterization and cartography of sub antarctic native forests in Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina); Caracterizacion y cartografia fitoclimaticas del bosque nativo subantartico en la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allue, C.; Arranz, J. A.; Bava, J. O.; Beneitez, J. M.; Collado, L.; Garcia-Lopez, J. M.

    2010-07-01

    Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego is especially peculiar in phytoclimatic terms, situated as it is at an extreme southerly latitude, surrounded by large water masses and close to the great mass of Antarctic ice. Its main peculiarities in this sense are the coolness of its summers and a very narrow temperature range. As a result, the woodland landscapes in the parts with forest cover are dominated by microphyllous broadleaf physiognomies, both evergreen and deciduous, of the Nothofagus genus. This paper reports a more in-depth investigation of the hitherto little-known phytoclimatic conditions in that territory which included calibration and validation of a model of phytoclimatic suitability that addresses the principal plant physiognomic units and phytoclimatic mapping. It discusses the causes behind the presence of broadleaf formations in thermal conditions which in the northern hemisphere would allow only coniferous formations or no tree formations at all, and also the edaphic peculiarities that may explain the presence of a evergreen species like Nothofagus betuloides in subantarctic mixed forests. (Author) 111 refs.

  20. Une nouvelle méthode de cartographie de la région d'Oran (Algérie) à l'aide de la télédétection multispectrale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laoufi, Fatiha; Belbachir, Ahmed-Hafid; Benabadji, Noureddine; Zanoun, Abdelouahab

    2011-10-01

    We have mapped the region of Oran, Algeria, using multispectral remote sensing with different resolutions. For the identification of objects on the ground using their spectral signatures, two methods were applied to images from SPOT, LANDSAT, IRS-1 C and ASTER. The first one is called Base Rule method (BR method) and is based on a set of rules that must be met at each pixel in the different bands reflectance calibrated and henceforth it is assigned to a given class. The construction of these rules is based on the spectral profiles of popular classes in the scene studied. The second one is called Spectral Angle Mapper method (SAM method) and is based on the direct calculation of the spectral angle between the target vector representing the spectral profile of the desired class and the pixel vector whose components are numbered accounts in the different bands of the calibrated image reflectance. This new method was performed using PCSATWIN software developed by our own laboratory LAAR. After collecting a library of spectral signatures with multiple libraries, a detailed study of the principles and physical processes that can influence the spectral signature has been conducted. The final goal is to establish the range of variation of a spectral profile of a well-defined class and therefore to get precise bases for spectral rules. From the results we have obtained, we find that the supervised classification of these pixels by BR method derived from spectral signatures reduces the uncertainty associated with identifying objects by enhancing significantly the percentage of correct classification with very distinct classes.

  1. Apports des hautes résolutions spatiales pour l'étude et la cartographie des algues vertes. Application à la grève de St-Michel(22)

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Olivier

    1994-01-01

    Les apports croissants d'effluents agricoles associés avec des situations hydrodynamiques particulières sont à l'origine de fortes proliférations d'algues vertes du type ulva lactuca (ulves). Lorsque la mer se retire les algues se déposent sur les plages et créent des nuisances pour le tourisme et les professionnels de la mer. Les estimations de biomasse sont alors nécessaires à la fois pour comprendre le phénomène et pour mesurer son ampleur. Pendant la période de forts coefficients de marée...

  2. Cartographie régionale au 1/250 000 de l’épaisseur des altérites et de l’horizon fissuré utile (projet SILURES Bretagne)

    OpenAIRE

    Mougin, Bruno; Dheilly, Anne; Thomas, Eric; Blanchin, Raymonde; Courtois, Nathalie; Lachassagne, Patrick; Wyns, Robert; Allier, Delphine; Putot, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Le projet « SILURES Bretagne » (Système d’Information pour la Localisation et l’Utilisation des Ressources en Eaux Souterraines) s’est déroulé de 2002 à 2008, et il a permis la création d'une base de données sur les eaux souterraines couvrant l'ensemble de la région Bretagne. Celle-ci permet d’améliorer la gestion des ressources en eau souterraine de la région. SILURES Bretagne a été financé par l’Agence de l’Eau Loire-Bretagne, la Région Bretagne, les Conseils Généraux des Côtes d’Armor, du ...

  3. Interpolation et rééchantillonnage de données spatiales et application à la cartographie urbaine et à la détermination du fond cosmique primordial

    OpenAIRE

    Zinger, Svitlana

    2004-01-01

    Dans cette thèse nous étudions des méthodes d'interpolation de données irrégulièrement distribuées dans l'espace. Nous considérons le problème du rééchantillonnage de mesures altimétriques de données obtenues sur une grille irrégulière par laser aéroporté. Ce type de données est irrégulièrement distribué et un rééchantillonnage sur une grille régulière est nécessaire pour la génération de modèles numériques d'élévation (MNE). Quelques méthodes bien connues sont considérées: interpolation liné...

  4. Les éléments en traces dans les sols agricoles du Nord-Pas-de-Calais : I. Étude et cartographie des teneurs des horizons de surface

    OpenAIRE

    Baize, Denis; Douay, Francis; Villanneau, Estelle; Bourennane, Hocine; Sterckeman, Thibault; Ciesielski, Henri; King, Dominique

    2010-01-01

    La base de données utilisée pour la présente étude rassemble des populations d’analyses de sols provenant de cinq sources correspondant chacune à une stratégie d’échantillonnage différente et à un objectif distinct. Au total, 3 929 analyses réalisées entre 1990 et 2007 ont été collectées : elles provenaient presque exclusivement d’horizons de surface de sols agricoles. Outre les concentrations en ETM, les principales caractéristiques agro-pédologiques et les coordonnées géographiques, la base...

  5. Utilisation d'une image Landsat pour la cartographie de formations volcaniques du sud de l'Equateur (2°50' à 3°20' de lat.S) : poster

    OpenAIRE

    Legeley Padovani, Annick; Laubacher, Gérard

    1996-01-01

    A Landsat RM image was used to map Plio-quaternary and Oligo-Miocene volcanic deposits from the Western Cordillera, southwest of Cuenca (Ecuador). The study focused on the Plio-Quaternary Quimsacocha volcano. Best results were obtained using unsupervised multispectral classification combined with other methods (mathematical morphology, etc..). The interpretation was locally validated by field observations. (Résumé d'auteur)

  6. Clínica da atividade e cartografia: construindo metodologias de análise do trabalho Clinic of activity and cartography: constructing methodologies for analysis of the work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Vasconcelos Teixeira

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available As questões formuladas no artigo foram disparadas por experiências vividas ao longo dos últimos anos em pesquisas que partem do princípio de que a temática saúde e trabalho, como objeto de investigação científica, tem uma especificidade que não pode ser tomada com posturas de exterritorialidade no que diz respeito à relação do pesquisador e do objeto a ser investigado. As questões dos mundos do trabalho não podem estar baseadas apenas em quadros analíticos construídos a partir de um distanciamento da complexidade engendrada onde o trabalho acontece. Propõe-se uma direção metodológica de pesquisa que articula investigação e intervenção na direção do diálogo, da interlocução entre os diferentes saberes - disciplinares ou não - com o objetivo de potencializar estratégias utilizadas pelos trabalhadores para lidar com a variabilidade das situações de trabalho. Com esse objetivo, traz a contribuição da Clínica da Atividade como importante ferramenta metodológica.The issues raised in this article were incited by experiences lived in the last years in studies that take as principle that Health and Work, as scientific research objects, have specificities that can not be considered from exterritoriality positions, regarding the relationship between the researcher and the object being investigated. Issues about work can not be based only on analytical views in a distant way of the complexity engendered where work happens. This article proposes a methodological direction of research that articulates research and intervention in a direction to dialogue, to the interchange between different knowledges - disciplinary or not - in order to strengthen strategies used by workers to deal with the variability of work situations. With that purpose, it brings the contribution of the Clinic of Activity as an important methodological tool.

  7. The interest of cartography for a better perception and management of volcanic risk: From scientific to social representations: The case of Mt. Pelée volcano, Martinique (Lesser Antilles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Frédéric; Lesales, Thierry

    2009-10-01

    The study develops an innovative GIS-based integrated approach for the assessment of a comprehensive volcanic risk. This is based on a four-step methodology which has been developed at Mt. Pelée volcano, in Martinique, a French island in the Lesser Antilles. The first stage of the methodological framework integrates the spatial extent of volcanic hazards for a maximal credible eruptive scenario. The second stage covers an assessment of the elements (especially the buildings) that may be affected in the event of an eruption and defines their level of damages by given volcanic hazards. A computerized analysis leads to the definition of an index for the risk of total loss in a 500-meter grid. The third stage consists of designing regulative land use maps which should orient and limit the occupation of areas exposed to severe hazards. Finally, the fourth stage, based on survey data, includes a spatial assessment of collective representations for a future eruption by the surrounding communities. These maps turn out to be powerful communication tools which help planners and disaster authorities in mitigating damages from volcanic hazards. They can contribute to enhance the perception of volcanic risk in Martinique.

  8. Vegetation mapping for tropical marine/coastal zone applications = Cartographie de la végétation, applications aux zones côtières et marines tropicales

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan, G A

    1992-01-01

    L'image multispectrale satellitaire appliquée aux zones tropicales, a été analysée afin de permettre une représentation pointue de la végétation par carte thématique jusqu'au 1/100 000 provenant d'une seule scène satellitaire. La clé du succès est dans le soin apporté au choix de la scène initiale et l'adoption d'une méthodologie basée sur une vérité terrain-botanique rigoureuse et fiable. Cette méthodologie utilisera un nombre adéquat de "caractérisations de parcelles" selon une surface cart...

  9. Cartografia da educação superior no município de Niterói Cartography of higher education in the City of Niterói - Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Paula

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é fruto da pesquisa realizada em parceria entre o Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Educação Superior da Universidade Federal Fluminense e a Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Niterói, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, tendo como objetivos: a traçar um perfil das instituições de educação superior (IES do Município de Niterói, coletando dados acerca da sua história e da sua inserção nos cenários local, regional e nacional; b mapear a oferta de ensino, pesquisa e extensão nestas instituições; c subsidiar as ações da Secretaria Municipal de Educação na área educacional, contribuindo para a elaboração do Plano Municipal de Educação de Niterói; d identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias, provenientes das IES, que contribuem para a formulação de políticas de desenvolvimento econômico, científico e tecnológico do município; e identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias que contribuem para a elaboração de políticas na área social. A cidade de Niterói, localizada há 10,9 Km da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, possui 16 instituições que oferecem ensino superior, 1 pública e 15 privadas, a saber: 1 Universidade Federal Fluminense; 2 Universidade Estácio de Sá; 3 Universidade Cândido Mendes; 4 Universidade Salgado de Oliveira; 5 Fundação Getúlio Vargas; 6 Centro Universitário Plínio Leite; 7 Institutos Superiores de Ensino La Salle - RJ; 8 Faculdades Integradas Maria Thereza; 9 Escola Superior de Ensino Helena Antipoff; 10 Conservatório de Música de Niterói; 11 Seminário Teológico Escola de Pastores; 12 Seminário Teológico Batista de Niterói; 13 Seminário Teológico Betel Brasileiro; 14 Seminário Teológico Congregacional de Niterói; 15 Seminário Teológico Batista Brasileiro; 16 Seminário São José de Niterói. O trabalho em questão aponta as principais características destas instituições, enfocando a sua relevância social para o município de Niterói. Para tal, abordamos a sua dimensão/perfil em Niterói e no Estado do Rio de Janeiro; a oferta de cursos no âmbito da graduação, da pós-graduação lato e stricto sensu, na cidade de Niterói; os cursos mais procurados e menos procurados e a sua relação com o mercado de trabalho; a pesquisa e a sua contribuição para o desenvolvimento do município; a extensão e o seu papel social na região. A metodologia utilizada englobou a análise de dados coletados através da internet, assim como pesquisa de campo, incluindo entrevistas realizadas nas instituições investigadas.This article is the result of a research carried out through a partnership between the Higher Education Studies and Research Unit of the Federal University in the City of Niterói and the Municipal Secretariat of Education of the City of Niterói, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, with the following purposes: a to draw a profile of higher education institutions in the City of Niterói, by collecting data about their history and insertion in local, regional and national scenarios; b to map out the provision of teaching, research and extension services in these institutions; c to aid the actions of the Municipal Secretariat of Education in education, contributing to the elaboration of the Municipal Education Plan of Niterói; d to identify projects/products/technologies produced by these institutions that contribute to formulate economic, scientific and technological development policies in the city; e to identify projects/products/technologies contributing to elaborate social policies. The city of Niterói, 10.9 km away from the city of Rio de Janeiro, has 16 higher education institutions, 1 public and 15 private, namely: 1 Universidade Federal Fluminense; 2 Universidade Estácio de Sá; 3 Universidade Cândido Mendes; 4 Universidade Salgado de Oliveira; 5 Fundação Getúlio Vargas; 6 Centro Universitário Plínio Leite; 7 Institutos Superiores de Ensino La Salle - RJ; 8 Faculdades Integradas Maria Thereza; 9 Escola Superior de Ensino Helena Antipoff; 10 Conservatório de Música de Niterói; 11 Seminário Teológico Escola de Pastores; 12 Seminário Teológico Batista de Niterói; 13 Seminário Teológico Betel Brasileiro; 14 Seminário Teológico Congregacional de Niterói; 15 Seminário Teológico Batista Brasileiro; 16 Seminário São José de Niterói. The research shows the main features of these institutions, focusing their social relevance for the city of Niterói. To do this, we examined their size/profile in Niterói and in the State Rio de Janeiro, their provision of undergraduate and graduate programs in the city of Niterói; the programs in greater and lesser demand and their relation with the job market; their research and contribution to development of the city; the extension services and their social role in the region. The methodology employed comprised analysis of data collected through the internet, as well as field research, including interviews carried out in the institutions object of this research.

  10. Développement d'une solution de contrôle par capture de mouvements dans un logiciel de cartographie 3D de l'hôpital

    OpenAIRE

    Mittempergher, Charles; Daehne, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Les HUG font partie des grandes institutions genevoises reconnues nationalement et internationalement pour leurs prestations médicales et leurs travaux de recherche à la pointe de l’innovation. Leurs recherches dans le milieu informatique ne sont également pas en reste. Le service de l’information médicale (SIMED), dirigé par le professeur Christian Lovis, travaille quotidiennement sur des projets qui font partie des prestations technologiques de demain. L’un de leur projets, le POS3D, a pour...

  11. La cartographie 2.0 au service de l'intelligence territoriale : de nouveaux outils et de nouvelles méthodes pour la production de connaissances hybrides sur les territoires.

    OpenAIRE

    Mericskay, Boris; Roche, Stéphane

    2011-01-01

    International audience Geographic information technologies (GIT) have changed dramatically in the last decade. Not reserved to experts, their accessibility and uses follow the pace of development of the Internet (interactive maps, virtual globes, GPS, location-based mobile services, etc..). A new form of online mapping emerges from Web 2.0 practices and technologies. This mapping 2.0, like Google Maps or OpenStreetMap allows the public to read and write the map. The passage from the consul...

  12. From chemical mapping to pressure temperature deformation micro-cartography: mineralogical evolution and mass transport in thermo-mechanic disequilibrium systems: application to meta-pelites and confinement nuclear waste materials; De l'imagerie chimique a la micro-cartographie Pression-Temperature-Deformation: evolution mineralogique et transport de matiere dans des systemes en desequilibre thermomecanique. Applications aux metapelites et aux materiaux de stockage de dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, V. de

    2006-03-15

    The mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks or industrial materials evolves when they are submitted to thermomechanical disequilibria, i.e. a spatial or temporal pressure and temperature evolution, or chemical disequilibria as variations in redox conditions, pH... For example, during low temperature metamorphic processes, rocks re-equilibrate only partially, and thus record locally thermodynamic equilibria increasing so the spatial chemical heterogeneities. Understanding the P-T evolution of such systems and deciphering modalities of their mineralogical transformation imply to recognize and characterize the size of these local 'paleo-equilibria', and so to have a spatial chemical information at least in 2 dimensions. In order to get this information, microprobe X-ray fluorescence maps have been used. Computer codes have been developed with Matlab to quantify these maps in view of thermo-barometric estimations. In this way, P-T maps of mineral crystallisation were produced using the multi-equilibria thermodynamic technique. Applications on two meta-pelites from the Sambagawa blue-schist belt (Japan) and from the Caledonian eclogitic zone in Spitsbergen, show that quantitative chemical maps are a powerful tool to retrieve the metamorphic history of rocks. From these chemical maps have been derived maps of P-T-time-redox-deformation that allow to characterize P-T conditions of minerals formation, and so, the P-T path of the sample, the oxidation state of iron in the chlorite phase. As a result, we underline the relation between deformation and crystallisation, and propose a relative chronology of minerals crystallisation and deformations. The Fe{sup 3+} content map in chlorite calculated by thermodynamic has also been validated by a {mu}-XANES mapping at the iron K-edge measured at the ESRF (ID24) using an innovative method. Another application relates to an experimental study of clay materials, main components of an analogical model of a nuclear waste storage site. Chemical maps allowed to characterize the 2D mineralogical evolution of clays toward iron rich end-members. They have also been used as input data in a 2D finite element numerical model aiming to estimate the iron diffusion coefficient in clays at low temperatures, important parameter to model the destabilization of nuclear waste storage sites in the course of time. (author)

  13. Rethinking maps

    OpenAIRE

    Kitchin, Rob; Dodge, Martin

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we argue that cartography is profitably conceived as a processual, rather than representational, science. Building on recent analysis concerning the philosophical underpinnings of cartography we question the ontological security of maps, contending that it is productive to rethink cartography as ontogenetic in nature; that is maps emerge through practices and have no secure ontological status. Drawing on the concepts of transduction and technicity we contend that ...

  14. 7 CFR 611.22 - Availability of satellite imagery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS Cartographic Operations... directed to the National Cartography and Geospatial Center, USDA—Natural Resources Conservation Service;...

  15. Kinetic cartography of radioisotopes of iodine in the thyroid follicles of the new-born rats under low or standard iodine diet: Analyzed using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (NanoSIMS50): Contribution to the study of the consequences of Chernobyl; Cartographie cinetique des radioisotopes de l'iode dans le follicule thyroidien du rat nouveau-ne carence en iode ou non. Analyse par spectrometrie de masse d'ions secondaires (NanoSIMS50). Contribution a l'etude des consequences de Tchernobyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elbast, M

    2008-03-15

    The most significant impact of the Chernobylsk accident is the increased incidence of thyroid cancers among children in contaminated areas. To estimate the radiation dose provided by radioiodine released after Chernobylsk (iodine 131 and short-lived isotopes, iodine 132, 133, 134, 135), we used new-born rats to mimic the situation of fallout contamination (young age and iodine deficiency). The pups, under low iodine diet and under standard diet, were contaminated with {sup 129}I at ages varying between 2 to 15 days and sacrificed 1, 4, 8, 24 hours and 4, 8 days after contamination. The variation in intra colloidal iodine distribution from 1 hour to 8 days was performed using a new ionic nano probe (NanoSIMS50). This method permits to discriminate between the newly incorporated iodine (129) and the initial pool of iodine (127). SIMS observations permit to heterogeneous intra and inter follicular distribution of {sup 129}I. Iodine deficiency increases the absorbed amounts of iodine by a factor 10. Dosimetric estimations show an important contribution of short-lived radioiodine to the total thyrocyte dose. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the age and the iodine deficiency accelerate the absorption of iodine in follicles and that the contribution of short-lived iodine connate ne neglected. (author)

  16. Cartografia e educação popular Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartographie et éducation populaire. Le Musée Cartographique d’Élisée Reclus et Charles Perron à Genève (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con ba...

  17. Geoinformation for Informed Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents the latest research developments in geoinformation science, which includes all the sub-disciplines of the field, such as: geomatic engineering, GIS, remote sensing, digital photogrammetry, digital cartography, etc....

  18. Report of mortmorilloniticas clay in the Medina swamp (Cerro Largo district)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the prospect ion work for the montmorillonitics clay in the region of Medina swamp in Cerro Largo district. The existence of new deposits was detected by cartography and geological study.

  19. Geology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database is an Arc/Info implementation of the 1:500,000 scale Geology Map of Kansas, M­23, 1991. This work wasperformed by the Automated Cartography section of...

  20. 78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... from individuals with expertise in navigation data, products and services; marine cartography and... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice...

  1. Caolines Program. N1 area prospective soundings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is about The Caolines program. After several stages was designed a network of drilling to be developed in prospective areas. The support of this network was a geological cartography performed in a devonian region.

  2. Mapping the Literature of GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarletto, Edith A.

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed citations in four journals, "Annals of the Association of American Geographers," "Cartography and Geographic Information Science," "International Journal of Geographical Information Science," and "Cartographic Journal," using Bradford's Law of Scattering to identify three influence zones…

  3. Landsat Earth Monitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haggerty, James J.

    1979-01-01

    The uses of NASA's Landsat in the areas of cartography, flood control, agricultural inventory, land use mapping, water runoff, urban planning, erosion, geology, and water quality monitoring are illustrated. (BB)

  4. Cartographie de corps stériles sous couverture quaternaire par méthode de résistivités électriques dans le gisement phosphaté de Sidi Chennane (Maroc)Sterile bodies mapping under Quaternary cover using resistivity-sounding method in the phosphatic bearing of Sidi Chennane (Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kchikach, Azzouz; Jaffal, Mohammed; Aı̈fa, Tahar; Bahi, Lahcen

    In the Ouled Abdoun sedimentary basin (Morocco), the phosphatic series is composed of regular interbedded phosphatic and marly limestone layers. Some phosphatic deposits in this basin show sterile bodies causing two kinds of problems: (1) as they are hard, compact and masked by a Quaternary cover, they disturb the exploitation in some yards and give bad reserve calculations; (2) even the use of wells and mechanical boreholes did not evidence their delimitation. Therefore, electric prospecting method has been used to evidence their geometrical shape. Petrographical and geometrical studies on these sterile bodies allowed us to choose the appropriate geophysical method to map them. The electrical resistivity survey that we used in the Sidi Chennane area shows that this technique is a good tool to contour these sterile bodies. This method is now considered as useful to the mining engineers to get round them during the exploitation. To cite this article: A. Kchikach et al., C. R. Geoscience 334 (2002) 379-386.

  5. Propuesta de estándares para nombres geográficos en la producción de cartografía básica: el caso del Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi / Proposed standards for geographic names in the production of basic cartography: the case of Agustin Codazzi Geographical Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz López, Vianey Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    La presente tesis de maestría, se enmarca dentro de la política de producción del Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, específicamente en el proceso denominado clasificación de campo en la producción de cartografía básica, dando relevancia al levantamiento de nombres geográficos, como datos fundamentales en la construcción de la Infraestructura Colombiana de Datos Espaciales – ICDE. En la definición de estándares para el manejo de los nombres geográficos, se determinó el alcance del proce...

  6. Quadrupole magnetic mapping of the high resolution spectrometers of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Q.M.M. project: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement); Cartographie magnetique des quadripoles des spectrometre a haute resolution du Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Le projet Q.M.M.: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quemener, Gilles [Ecole Doctorale des Science Fondamentales, Universite Blaise Pascal, U.F.R. de Recherche Scientifique et Technique, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France)

    1997-12-19

    This thesis describes the magnetic measurements that have been performed on the superconducting quadrupoles of the High Resolution Spectrometers of TJNAF, Hall A (USA), which are designed to measure particle momentum up to 4 GeV.c{sup -1} with a {sigma}p/p = 10{sup -4} resolution. The mapping method is based on rotating coil technique, the originality being a segmentation of the probe along the quad axis. Together with an accurate magnet modelling, the measurement of the flux variations through the set of rotating coils allows to determine the magnetic field at each point. We use the 3D field formalism, i.e., the Fourier-Bessel expansion of the field obtained by solving the Laplace equation. We describe the QMM method and then the apparatus consisting in two probes of length 1.6 m and 3.2 m built to map the three quadrupoles Q1, Q2, Q3. Data processing uses Fourier analysis. The mapping of the Electron Arm took place in situ in 1996. A first set of results concerns integral measurements including the properties of excitation cycle of the magnets (saturation and hysteresis). Second set of results in terms of local field yields the 3D field maps of the quadrupoles. After having applied corrections to the data we obtain a local field accuracy of 5 Gauss on each component, i.e. an uncertainty of 5.10{sup -4} relative to the quadrupole central field. We use SNAKE ray-tracing code with the implementation of QMM field maps and obtain preliminary results on HRS optics. (author) 48 refs., 93 figs., 41 tabs.

  7. Hydrography, High Resolution Lakes Derived from NHD --This dataset has be derived from the National Hydrologic Dataset (NHD). The derivation and modification process has been performed by AGRC to provide a general purposes feature class of water bodies for cartographi, Published in 2006, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, State of Utah Automated Geographic Reference Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Hydrography dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2006. It is described as 'High...

  8. Imagerie spectroscopique et spectroscopie localisée par RMN du proton in vivo.
    Application à l'étude de la physiopathologie tumorale par cartographie des métabolites et du pH extracellulaire dans un modèle experimental de gliomes C6

    OpenAIRE

    Provent, Peggy

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this work was to optimize the conditions and the acquisition techniques for spectroscopy and spectroscopic imaging by 1H NMR in vivo in small animals and to apply these techniques to two biological topics. Acquisition conditions have been improved by the use of an automatic correction of B0 field inhomogeneities. Sequences have been improved by the use of an optimized water suppression scheme (VAPOR) and of spiral encoding gradients for short echo time spectroscopic imaging.Extrace...

  9. Kinetic cartography of radioisotopes of iodine in the thyroid follicles of the new-born rats under low or standard iodine diet: Analyzed using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (NanoSIMS50): Contribution to the study of the consequences of Chernobyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most significant impact of the Chernobylsk accident is the increased incidence of thyroid cancers among children in contaminated areas. To estimate the radiation dose provided by radioiodine released after Chernobylsk (iodine 131 and short-lived isotopes, iodine 132, 133, 134, 135), we used new-born rats to mimic the situation of fallout contamination (young age and iodine deficiency). The pups, under low iodine diet and under standard diet, were contaminated with 129I at ages varying between 2 to 15 days and sacrificed 1, 4, 8, 24 hours and 4, 8 days after contamination. The variation in intra colloidal iodine distribution from 1 hour to 8 days was performed using a new ionic nano probe (NanoSIMS50). This method permits to discriminate between the newly incorporated iodine (129) and the initial pool of iodine (127). SIMS observations permit to heterogeneous intra and inter follicular distribution of 129I. Iodine deficiency increases the absorbed amounts of iodine by a factor 10. Dosimetric estimations show an important contribution of short-lived radioiodine to the total thyrocyte dose. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the age and the iodine deficiency accelerate the absorption of iodine in follicles and that the contribution of short-lived iodine connate ne neglected. (author)

  10. Perception de l'environnement par radar hyperfréquence. Application à la localisation et la cartographie simultanées, à la détection et au suivi d'objets mobiles en milieu extérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Vivet, Damien

    2011-01-01

    In outdoor robotic context, notion of perception and localization is essential for an autonomous navigation of a mobile robot. The objectives of this PhD are multiple and tend to develop a simultaneous localization and mapping approach in a dynamic outdoor environment with detection and tracking of moving objects (SLAMMOT) with a unique exteroceptive radar sensor in real driving conditions, around 30 km/h. At such high speed, data obtained with a rotating range sensor are corrupted by the own...

  11. Indexation d'une base de données images : application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    Ce mémoire concerne les techniques d'indexation dans des bases d'image, ainsi que les méthodes de localisation en robotique mobile. Il fait le lien entre les travaux en Perception du pôle Robotique et Intelligence Artificielle du LAAS-CNRS, et les recherches sur la fouille de données menées à l'Université de Rabat. Depuis une dizaine d'années, la vision est devenue une source de données sensorielles essentielles sur les robots mobiles: elle fournit en particulier des représentations de l'envi...

  12. Indexation d'une base de données images : Application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    This document is related both to indexing methods in image data bases and to localization methods used in mobile robotics. It exploits the relationships between research works on Perception made in the Robotics department of LAAS-CNRS in Toulouse, and on Data Mining performed by the LIMIARF lab at the Rabat university. Computer Vision has become a major source of sensory data on mobile robots for about ten years; it allows to build especially representations of the environment in which a robo...

  13. Quantification of the volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (I.G.R.T.) in prostate cancer: Margins and presence probability map; Benefice volumetrique de la radiotherapie guidee par l'image dans les cancers prostatiques: marges et cartographies de probabilite de presence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cazoulat, G.; Crevoisier, R. de; Simon, A.; Louvel, G.; Manens, J.P.; Haigron, P. [Inserm, U642, 35 - Rennes (France); Rennes-1 Univ., 35 (France); Crevoisier, R. de; Louvel, G.; Manens, J.P.; Lafond, C. [Centre Eugene-Marquis, Dept. de Radiotherapie, 35 - Rennes (France)

    2009-09-15

    Purpose: To quantify the prostate and seminal vesicles (S.V.) anatomic variations in order to choose appropriate margins including intrapelvic anatomic variations. To quantify volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (I.G.R.T.). Patients and methods: Twenty patients, receiving a total dose of 70 Gy in the prostate, had a planning CT scan and eight weekly CT scans during treatment. Prostate and S.V. were manually contoured. Each weekly CT scan was registered to the planning CT scan according to three modalities: radiopaque skin marks, pelvis bone or prostate. For each patient, prostate and S.V. displacements were quantified. 3-dimensional maps of prostate and S.V. presence probability were established. Volumes including minimal presence probabilities were compared between the three modalities of registration. Result: For the prostate intrapelvic displacements, systematic and random variations and maximal displacements for the entire population were: 5 mm, 2.7 mm and 16.5 mm in anteroposterior axis; 2.7 mm, 2.4 mm and 11.4 mm in supero-inferior axis and 0.5 mm, 0.8 mm and 3.3 mm laterally. Margins according to van Herk recipe (to cover the prostate for 90% of the patients with the 95% isodose) were: 8 mm, 8.3 mm and 1.9 mm, respectively. The 100% prostate presence probability volumes correspond to 37%, 50% and 61% according to the registration modality. For the S.V., these volumes correspond to 8%, 14% and 18% of the S.V. volume. Conclusions: Without I.G.R.T., 5 mm prostate posterior margins are insufficient and should be at least 8 mm, to account for intrapelvic anatomic variations. Prostate registration almost doubles the 100% presence probability volume compared to skin registration. Deformation of S.V. will require either to increase dramatically margins (simple) or new planning (not realistic). (authors)

  14. Définition des réseaux de surveillance DCE de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte - Rapport final Tome 2 Cartographie des données DCE par masse d’eau

    OpenAIRE

    Turquet, Jean; Nicet, Jean Benoit; Cambert, Harold; Denis, Yves; Gonzalez, Jean-Louis; Bigot, Lionel; Guyomarch, Julien; Budzinski, Helene; Tapie, Nathalie; Jamon, Alban; Pribat, B

    2010-01-01

    Le tome 2 de l‘étude de « définition des réseaux de surveillance de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte », présente sous forme cartographique les données bancarisées sous format MapInfo. Seules les études intéressantes vis à vis de la DCE et disponibles ont été référencées et prises en compte dans cet exercice (cf. références bibliographique du tome 2). Ce premier exercice de bancarisation, ne se veut pas exhaustif, et devra faire l’objet d’entretiens, d’ajouts régulie...

  15. Cartographie des champs thermiques de surface de la mer par synthèse d'images et de données in situ mesurées par bateaux = Mapping sea surface temperature fields merging satellite imagery and ship in situ measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Gohin, F.

    1992-01-01

    Du fait de la concentration importante de la vapeur d'eau de l'atmosphère, un suivi précis des températures de surface de la mer est particulièrement difficile en zones tropicales et équatoriales. Le rayonnement infra-rouge est altéré lors du trajet dans l'atmosphère. Cependant des contrôles et des calibrations sont possibles grâce aux données mesurées par les bateaux. Une fois que les pixels contaminés par les nuages ont été exclus, une carte de synthèse peut être réalisée à l'aide de techni...

  16. Introduction to the Dept. of Cartography and Geo-Info-TUPU, In Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research(IGSNRR), CAS%中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所地图学与地学信息图谱研究室概况(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐清文

    2001-01-01

    Founded in 1958, with Academician Chen Shupeng as its first director and later the most important advisor, the department has since then made remarkable achievements in the field of national atlas editing and making, agriculture mapping, map making for satellite engineer, geomorphologic mapping, population and social-economy mapping,

  17. Study and Application of GIS Cartography Method Based on Google Earth-A Case Study of Shaanxi Soil Taxonomy Information System Development%基于Google Earth的GIS专题制图技术研究与应用——以陕西省土壤分类信息系统开发为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建平; 常庆瑞; 陶文芳; 张静

    2008-01-01

    以陕西省土壤分类信息系统中的土类数据制图为例,分析了基于Google Earth(GE)的专题地图的制图原理与技术,提出了一套基于GE的一般地理专题图的制图技术流程,并讨论了其关键技术.指出了GE制图工具目前存在的两个缺陷,提出了相应的解决方法,并介绍了陕西省土壤分类信息系统中GE制图结果和应用方案.

  18. THE RESEARCH ON THE CARTOGRAPHY OF SOIL TAXONOMY ON THE BASIS OF RS AND GIS%RS和GIS支持下的土壤系统分类制图方法研究* --以贵州省贵阳市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜天; 朱启疆; 李天杰

    2001-01-01

    In the article, the relationship between the soil taxa and the soil forming factors is analyzed and its model is established on the basis of research on soil taxonomy in the selected region, GuiYang, GuiZhou Province. RS and GIS is applied to enhance and income the message of the soil forming factors, which are calculated by the method of overlying vector, and finally the map of soil taxonomy is achieved through the way of the model of soil taxa and soil forming factors. According to validating in the field, on the basis of TM, the method can meet the requests from 1100 000 scale soil map.%在对贵州省贵阳市地区进行深入细致的土壤分类工作基础上,分析了土壤类型与发生条件的关系,建立了二者间的判别模式,应用RS和GIS技术提取和输入土壤类型的发生条件信息,对它们进行矢量叠加运算,最后通过土壤类型与发生条件的判别模式进行归并,完成土壤系统分类制图。通过野外实地验证,在以TM影像为信息源的基础上,该制图方法完全达到110万土壤制图的要求。

  19. NASA’S PLANETARY GEOLOGIC MAPPING PROGRAM: OVERVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, D.A.

    2016-01-01

    NASA’s Planetary Science Division supports the geologic mapping of planetary surfaces through a distinct organizational structure and a series of research and analysis (R&A) funding programs. Cartography and geologic mapping issues for NASA’s planetary science programs are overseen by the Mapping and Planetary Spatial Infrastructure Team (MAPSIT), which is an assessment group for cartography similar to the Mars Exploration Program Assessment Group (MEPAG) for Mars exploration. MAPSIT...

  20. Navigational web map of Europe – design and implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Škrinjar, Matjaž

    2008-01-01

    Web cartography is going through a rapid development in a last few years. OGC standards have an important role during that development, along with the open source web cartography software. This graduation thesis presents procedures for implementating and designing a navigational web map of Europe, using open source software and OGC standards. OGC WMS and SLD specifications are described. Open source software required for web map implementation is also described. Web map of Europe is made of u...

  1. Zero Feet Away: The Digital Geography of Gay Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Yoel

    2016-01-01

    For this contribution to the "Cartographies" section of the special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," the author focuses on the terrains of digital media, geosocial networking, and sexually based social media in LGBT communities. Addressing the communal potentials and ethical complications of geosocial connections made possible by such sexually based social media, the author asks whether digital forms of cartography via applications such as Grindr and Scruff simplify, complicate, or merely expose historically longstanding notions of queer interconnectivity. PMID:26643774

  2. TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CADASTRAL MAPPING IN TAJIKISTAN USING HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA

    OpenAIRE

    Kaczynski, R.

    2012-01-01

    European Commission funded project entitled: "Support to the mapping and certification capacity of the Agency of Land Management, Geodesy and Cartography" in Tajikistan was run by FINNMAP FM-International and Human Dynamics from Nov. 2006 to June 2011. The Agency of Land Management, Geodesy and Cartography is the state agency responsible for development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of state policies on land tenure and land management, including the on-going land reform and regis...

  3. A crian��a e seus direitos na família e na sociedade: uma cartografia das leis e resoluções El niño y sus derechos en la familia y en la sociedad: una cartografía de las leyes y de las resoluciones The rigths of the child in family and in society: cartography of laws and resolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilvana Lima Verde Gomes

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa compreende uma revisão documental das leis, resoluções e outros documentos referentes ao direito das crianças e adolescentes existentes no Brasil e exterior, objetivando com isso uma compreensão e um conhecimento maior sobre a criança e seus direitos. Os documentos selecionados foram: a Declaração dos Direitos da Criança de 1959; a Constituição Federal do Brasil de 1988; a Carta da Criança Hospitalizada de 1988; o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente de 1990; e os Direitos da Criança e do Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolução 41/95. Realizamos leitura flutuante de todos os documentos, citamos artigos relevantes ao tema, ressaltando algumas considerações. Concluímos que já existem legislações que protegem o direito da criança, porém é necessário garantir o usufruto desses direitos.Esta investigación comprende una revisión documental de las leyes, resoluciones y otros documentos referentes al derecho de los niños y adolescentes en Brasil y en el exterior y tiene como objetivo una comprensión y un conocimiento mayor sobre el niño y sus derechos. Los documentos seleccionados han sido: la Declaración de los Derechos del Niño de 1959; la Constitución Federal de Brasil de 1988; la Carta del Niño Hospitalizado, de 1988; el Estatuto del Niño y del Adolescente de 1990; y los Derechos del Niño y del Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolución 41/95. Hemos realizado lectura fluctuante de todos los documentos, citamos artículos relevantes al tema y resaltamos algunas consideraciones. Hemos concluido que ya existen legislaciones que protegen el derecho de los niños, pero es necesario garantizar el usufructo de esos derechos.This research is a documental review of laws, resolutions and others documents related to children and adolescents' rights existing in Brazil and overseas, aiming thus a comprehension and greater knowledge about the child and his rights. The documents chosen were:1959's Pronouncement of Child Rights; 1988's Federal Constitution of Brazil; 1988's Letter of Hospitalized Child; 1990´s Statute of Child and Adolescent; and the Rights of Child and Adolescent hospitalized (Resolution 41/95. We did floating reading of all documents, mentioning relevant articles to theme, highlighting some considerations. We conclude that already exist legislations that protect the right of child, though it is necessary to ensure the use of these rights.

  4. A crian��a e seus direitos na família e na sociedade: uma cartografia das leis e resoluções El niño y sus derechos en la familia y en la sociedad: una cartografía de las leyes y de las resoluciones The rigths of the child in family and in society: cartography of laws and resolutions

    OpenAIRE

    Ilvana Lima Verde Gomes; Rosângela Caetano; Maria Salete Bessa Jorge

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa compreende uma revisão documental das leis, resoluções e outros documentos referentes ao direito das crianças e adolescentes existentes no Brasil e exterior, objetivando com isso uma compreensão e um conhecimento maior sobre a criança e seus direitos. Os documentos selecionados foram: a Declaração dos Direitos da Criança de 1959; a Constituição Federal do Brasil de 1988; a Carta da Criança Hospitalizada de 1988; o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente de 1990; e os Direitos da Cr...

  5. The Forecasting Method and Cartography of the Submersed Areas in Different Return Period Based on ArcView and ArcInfo——Taking Chanba Ecology Region as an Example%基于ArcView和ArcInfo的不同重现期洪水淹没区域的预测以及成图方法——以西安市浐灞生态区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琴英; 卫海燕; 查小春

    2007-01-01

    以西安市浐灞生态区为例,详细叙述了如何采集数据,并且基于ArcView和ArcInfo对数据进行处理和分析,最终计算不同重现期洪水淹没区域的范围和面积并成图,并对该区的淹没情况作了分析,为相关部门采取防范措施提供了依据,为浐灞生态区的建设提供了参考.

  6. O Mapa das Cortes: perspectivas cartográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pimentel Cintra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a thorough analysis of the Map of the Courts based on criteria used in cartography, particularly mathematical cartography. As such, it takes into account the following elements: author, scale, projection, the prime meridian, colors, conventions, symbology, and other. After a qualitative morphological analysis, we move on to a quantitative examination by comparing the said map with a quite accurate present-day chart, using a digital cartography software application and spreadsheet to match the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude of over 430 points. The systematic and detailed quantification of errors in various areas, from the Atlantic coast to the Amazon region, revealed surprising aspects as to how skillfully the Map of the Courts was constructed. This analysis enabled us to quantify the distortions more accurately and thus identify the locations where they were introduced as well their unquestionable intentional character.

  7. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  8. Foot Modeling and Smart Plantar Pressure Reconstruction from Three Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaida, Hussein Abou; Mottet, Serge; Goujon, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    In order to monitor pressure under feet, this study presents a biomechanical model of the human foot. The main elements of the foot that induce the plantar pressure distribution are described. Then the link between the forces applied at the ankle and the distribution of the plantar pressure is established. Assumptions are made by defining the concepts of a 3D internal foot shape, which can be extracted from the plantar pressure measurements, and a uniform elastic medium, which describes the soft tissues behaviour. In a second part, we show that just 3 discrete pressure sensors per foot are enough to generate real time plantar pressure cartographies in the standing position or during walking. Finally, the generated cartographies are compared with pressure cartographies issued from the F-SCAN system. The results show 0.01 daN (2% of full scale) average error, in the standing position. PMID:25400713

  9. ¿Cartografía antigua o Cartografía histórica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespo Sanz, Antonio

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The terms related to the History of Cartography need to be revised in the light of the confusion and ambiguities that have been brought about. Many map publications or catalogues use the term historical cartography to characterize their content, although the name old cartography should be used instead; and literal translation of some expressions taken from other languages yields unsuccessful results. The new technologies have lead to a singular development and dissemination of Cartography, its thrust also bearing upon old cartography. The main archives and libraries publish their collections with high resolution and their documents may be analyzed with more manageable and friendly tools, but there are not many theoretical studies about their nature or aims and there are no proposals to reformulate the basic definitions linked to the History of Cartography either. Along these lines we intend to analyze and reflect upon the vocabulary pertaining to this discipline, thus easing the task of those addressing themselves to old maps.

    [es] Los términos relacionados con la Historia de la Cartografía necesitan ser revisados, a tenor de las confusiones y ambigüedades que se vienen produciendo. Muchas publicaciones o catálogos de mapas utilizan el término cartografía histórica para definir su contenido, cuando debería utilizarse la expresión cartografía antigua, y la traducción literal de algunas expresiones tomadas de otros idiomas, arroja resultados poco afortunados. Las nuevas tecnologías han provocado un desarrollo y una difusión inusitados de la Cartografía, y su empuje afecta a la cartografía antigua. Los principales archivos y bibliotecas publican sus fondos con gran resolución y sus documentos pueden ser analizados con herramientas más ágiles y amigables, pero no abundan los estudios teóricos sobre su naturaleza u objetivos, ni existen propuestas para reformular las definiciones básicas vinculadas a la Historia de la

  10. 载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用%Application of Manned Submersible in Deep-sea Surveying and Charting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁忠军; 周兴华; 高伟

    2013-01-01

    介绍了载人潜水器的特点及其在深海海洋测绘中的重要作用,详细论述了美、法、日、俄等国的载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用现状,并对我国“蛟龙”号载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用进行了展望.%The superiority of manned submersible and its important role in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography are presented in this paper. The application status of manned submersible from America, France, Japan and Russia in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography is summarized here And we also propose some suggestions about the application in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography to the manned submersible "Jiaolong".

  11. Earth Resources Technology Satellite data collection project, ERTS - Bolivia. [thematic mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockmann, C. E.

    1974-01-01

    The Earth Resources Technology Satellite program of Bolivia has developed a multidisciplinary project to carry out investigations in cartography and to prepare various thematic maps. In cartography, investigations are being carried out with the ERTS-1 images and with existing maps, to determine their application to the preparation of new cartographic products on one hand and on the other to map those regions where the cartography is still deficient. The application of the MSS images to the geological mapping has given more than satisfactory results. Working with conventional photointerpretation, it has been possible to prepare regional geological maps, tectonic maps, studies relative to mining, geomorphological maps, studies relative to petroleum exploration, volcanological maps and maps of hydrologic basins. In agriculture, the ERTS images are used to study land classification and forest and soils mapping.

  12. Ville et santé publique au Japon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takano Takehito

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Mon intervention porte sur le niveau de santé en secteur urbain et les questions à l'ordre du jour dans le domaine de la santé publique au Japon. La première partie concerne la cartographie des indices de santé en secteur urbain. Une telle cartographie requiert l'utilisation de techniques de traitement de l'image. On peut l'effectuer soit à l'aide du “ système d'information géographique ” (Geographic Information System, GIS, soit par une “image-diagnostic” (Image Diagnosis des différentes ...

  13. Evolution des zones humides d'Anatolie intérieure : exemple de la plaine de Konya, Turquie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Kuzucuoglu

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available L’évolution 1987-1993 du lac d’Akgöl (Est de la plaine de Konya est cartographiée et mesurée, par diachronie de deux scènes SPOT XS. La contraction correspond à un accroissement des prélèvements dans les nappes d’eau souterraines. D’autres secteurs font l’objet d’une cartographie géomorphologique illustrant l’évolution des paléoenvironnements lacustres et palustres au Pléistocène Supérieur.

  14. La France mesurée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique PELLETIER

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À la cartographie de cabinet se substitua à la fin du XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle une cartographie de terrain dont la précision et la cohésion sont la conséquence de l'établissement d'un canevas géométrique couvrant tout le territoire français. La première carte de France, celle de Cassini, plus géométrique que topographique, est l'illustration, voire la caricature, des nouvelles méthodes.

  15. Robotique Mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Filliat, David

    2011-01-01

    1 Introduction I Les bases de la navigation 2 Les différents types de navigation 3 Les sources d'information 4 Matériels courants en robotique mobile II Navigation réactive 5 Navigation vers un but 6 Évitement d'obstacles 7 Apprentissage par renforcement III Navigation utilisant une carte 8 Localisation, Cartographie et Planification 9 Les représentations de l'environne 10 Localisation 11 Cartographie 12 Planification École d'ingénieur

  16. e-Perimetron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available e-Perimetron is an international e-journal dedicated to science and technology related to the history of cartography and maps. The main aim of the journal is to connect the issues of the history of cartography and maps with different possibilities which offer new digital information and communication technologies. It has been published quarterly since 2006 and its papers have been in English and French. The journal publishes Papers, short Research Notes and reviews on books, conferences and miscellaneous activities related to the journal’s theme field. There are complete texts of all published features available on its web pages.

  17. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brzeziński, Aleksander; Barlik, Marcin; Andrasik, Ewa; Izdebski, Waldemar; Kruczyk, Michał; Liwosz, Tomasz; Olszak, Tomasz; Pachuta, Andrzej; Pieniak, Magdalena; Próchniewicz, Dominik; Rajner, Marcin; Szpunar, Ryszard; Tercjak, Monika; Walo, Janusz

    2016-06-01

    The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  18. Interactive maps: What we know and what we need to know

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Roth

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a review of the current state of science regarding cartographic interaction, a complement to the traditional focus within cartography on cartographic representation. Cartographic interaction is defined as the dialog between a human and map, mediated through a computing device, and is essential to the research into interactive cartography, geovisualization, and geovisual analytics. The review is structured around six fundamental questions facing a science of cartographic interaction: (1 what is cartographic interaction (e.g., digital versus analog interactions, interaction versus interfaces, stages of interaction, interactive maps versus mapping systems versus map mash-ups; (2 why provide cartographic interaction (e.g., visual thinking, geographic insight, the stages of science, the cartographic problematic; (3 when should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., static versus interactive maps, interface complexity, the productivity paradox, flexibility versus constraint, work versus enabling interactions; (4 who should be provided with cartographic interaction (e.g., user-centered design, user ability, expertise, and motivation, adaptive cartography and geocollaboration; (5 where should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., input capabilities, bandwidth and processing power, display capabilities, mobile mapping and location-based services; and (6 how should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., interaction primitives, objective-based versus operator-based versus operand-based taxonomies, interface styles, interface design? The article concludes with a summary of research questions facing cartographic interaction and offers an outlook for cartography as a field of study moving forward.

  19. Journal of Spatial Information Science

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-01-01

    The Journal of Spatial Information Science (JoSIS) is a new international interdisciplinary journal with open access dedicated to publishing original research and review papers related to spatial information science. Themes of the journal include computer geometry, geocomputation, spatial algorithms, geovisualization, cartography, spatial data models, web GIS, spatial databases, and location based services.

  20. A Map Enters the Conversation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Anders Kristian

    'modes of mattering'. In this paper I explore what difference digital cartography can make to STS practice. I draw on three examples from my own work where digitally mediated maps have entered the conversation and made critical, often surprising, differences to the research process. In my first example...

  1. フランスにおける近代地図作成

    OpenAIRE

    細井, 将右

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the modern cartography since the 17th century in France. In the middle 17th century, the Academy of Sciences was created in France by J-P. Colbert and the task of making precise maps of France was given to the Academy. J. Picard was n

  2. Une carte du feu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie RIMBERT

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available L’un des apports majeurs de l’informatisation à la cartographie est de faciliter la simulation spatiale. On propose ici un exemple de diffusion d’incendie, simulée sur micro-ordinateur bas de gamme.

  3. 7 CFR 611.21 - Availability of aerial photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Availability of aerial photography. 611.21 Section 611... § 611.21 Availability of aerial photography. The National Cartography and Geospatial Center obtains necessary clearance for all aerial photography for NRCS. New aerial photography of designated areas in...

  4. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzeziński Aleksander

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  5. US Geological Survey activities, fiscal year 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Activities in Alaska, Mount St. Helens, leasing and regulatory procedure, coal, royalty management, water data telemetry, acid rain, hazardous wastes, oil and gas resources, and digital cartography are reviewed. Chemical and nuclear wastes and petroleum exploration in Alaska are discussed. Management issues are addressed. Mapping activities are reported. Water resources, conservation, and earth sciences, are also reviewed

  6. Comment mesurer les déplacements dans l’Antiquité? L’illusoire précision du site Orbis

    OpenAIRE

    Florent Hautefeuille

    2013-01-01

    Le site de cartographie des transports dans l’Antiquité romaine Orbis, dont il a été rendu compte dans un récent numéro de Mappemonde (n°106, 2012), fournit un outil de modélisation remarquable par sa conception et par sa simplicité d’utilisation.

  7. Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonseth, Y.; Monnerat, C.

    2003-01-01

    Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata) In 1998 the Swiss Centre for the Cartography of Fauna (CSCF) initiated ‘Odonata 2000’. This project aimed at testing a method for periodical reassessment of Red Lists in Switzerland. The study was carried out on Odonata and consi

  8. L'archipel financier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian MILELLI

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Un nouveau système financier, à la fois concentré et autonome, se met en place. Ses «lieux sacrés» sont cartographiés: «centres universels» majeurs (2 ou 3, centres régionaux, centres «spécialisés» en archipel.

  9. Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Yenes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Presented herein is a cartographic procedure that is easy to utilise and at low-cost, which facilitates the first stages of planning and management of a naturally protected space and considers the geotechnical parameters that influence human activity. This procedure uses geographical information systems technology by combining the cartographies for the most influential parameters on the stability of the area (lithology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, slopes, lineament/fractures and seismicity with geomechanical mapping generated from geotechnical parameters obtained through field and laboratory tests. This geotechnical mapping facilitates the division of a territory into zones according to each type of problem and generates a cartography for natural hazards. Using this information, it is possible to produce a cartography of constructive conditions or geotechnical hazards. This methodology has been validated by application to two natural protected spaces, “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas”. The validation confirmed that the cartography procedure described herein is a preventive, and not a structural measure. It is a tool that delimits areas with different constructive use recommendations and limitations, and therefore, is useful for natural space managers.

  10. Precarious Learning and Labour in Financialized Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnusson, Jamie

    2013-01-01

    Our current globalized economic regimes of financialized capital have systematically altered relations of learning and labour through the dynamics of precarity, debt, and the political economy of new wars. The risks of these regimes are absorbed unevenly across transnational landscapes, creating cartographies of violence and dispossession,…

  11. Geospatial Technologies and Higher Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leguizamon, Saturnino

    2010-01-01

    The term "geospatial technologies" encompasses a large area of fields involving cartography, spatial analysis, geographic information system, remote sensing, global positioning systems and many others. These technologies should be expected to be available (as "natural tools") for a country with a large surface and a variety of climates, such as…

  12. Geography and GIS Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Guy Q.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the geographic information system (GIS), a database that permits the integration, management, and analysis of diverse geographical information. Reports that the GIS has brought gains in cartography and remote sensing but also has brought problems. Identifies the need to balance instruction in technical developments and mainstream…

  13. Learning Benefits of Using 2D versus 3D Maps: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedomysl, Thomas; Ellder, Erik; Larsson, Anders; Thelin, Mikael; Jansund, Bodil

    2013-01-01

    The traditional important role of maps used for educational purposes has gained further potential with recent advances in GIS technology. But beyond specific courses in cartography this potential seems little realized in geography teaching. This article investigates the extent to which any learning benefits may be derived from the use of such…

  14. Lived and Imagined: Information and Storytelling in Geographic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabisch, Eric Alan

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the relationship between storytelling and information in the narration of geographic space. While storytelling has historically shaped our understanding of geography, modern practices in data collection, cartography, and geographic visualization enable one-way forms of representation that remove the negotiation and…

  15. Mathematical Definitions of Operators for Cartographic Generalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper puts forword 11 cartographic generalization operator models and introduces their mathematical definitions,and thus a precise mathematical form and quantitative description has been given to these formerly limited qualitative concepts.The meaning of mathematical definition of operators for cartographic generalization and the application prospect in computer-aided cartography (CAC) is stated.

  16. Paysages agro-écologiques et macrostructures dans les Llanos occidentaux du Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Pouyllau, Michel

    1991-01-01

    Á partir des données satellitaires Landsat, un exemple de cartographie de paysages agro-écologiques et de macrostructures, liées à une puissante dynamique alluviale dans les Llanos occidentaux du Venezuela: la région de Guanare.

  17. The Map and Geoinformatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrobak, Tadeusz

    2012-09-01

    The article presents the relationship between cartography and geoinformatics affecting their scientific and socio- economic development. W artykule przedstawiono wzajemne relacje kartografii i geoinformatyki mające wpływ na ich rozwój naukowy i społeczno-gospodarczy.

  18. The concept of level detail in 3D city models: PhD Research Proposal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biljecki, F.

    2013-01-01

    Level of detail (LoD) is a concept available in various disciplines from computer graphics and cartography to electrical circuit design. For GIS practitioners, the discipline where level of detail is most relevant and well known is 3D city modelling. While present LoD paradigms, such as the one foun

  19. 5 CFR 2635.204 - Exceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... value of $18 and a book about the history of cartography with a market value of $15. The employee may accept the map or the book, but not both, since the aggregate value of these two tangible items exceeds... employee. Relevant factors in making such a determination include the history of the relationship...

  20. Interface robotics in nuclear emergencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The area between the reactor building and the external wall of a nuclear power station could be affected in case of a severe accident with repercussion in the outside. The article describes a series of robotics machines which could be used for building recognition, transmission improvement, civil works and for the making of a radiologic cartography in this area. (Author)

  1. Intercomparison of daytime stratospheric NO2 satellite retrievals and model simulations

    OpenAIRE

    M. Belmonte Rivas; P. Veefkind; BOERSMA F; P. Levelt; Eskes, H.; J. Gille

    2014-01-01

    This paper evaluates the agreement between stratospheric NO2 retrievals from infrared limb sounders (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) and High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS)) and solar UV/VIS backscatter sensors (Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) limb and nadir) over the 2005–2007 period and across the seasons. The observational agreement ...

  2. Cartografía social como metodología participativa y colaborativa de investigación en el territorio afrodescendiente de la cuenca alta del río Cauca

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velez Torres, Irene; Rátiva-Gaona, Sandra; Varela-Corredor, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the opportunities and challenges given by social cartography as a participatory and collaborative methodology to characterize the socio-environmental conflicts in three areas of the upper basin of the Cauca River, Colombia. The text is organized in five parts: (i) introducti...

  3. Mapping Civic Engagement: A Case Study of Service-Learning in Appalachia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Jessica; Casebeer, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    This study uses social cartography to map student perceptions of a co-curricular service-learning project in an impoverished rural community. As a complement to narrative discourse, mapping provides an opportunity to visualize not only the spatial nature of the educational experience but also, in this case, the benefits of civic engagement. The…

  4. Participatory maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salovaara-Moring, Inka

    looks at computer-assisted cartography as part of environmental knowledge production. It uses InfoAmazonia, the databased platform on Amazon rainforests, as an example of affective geo-visualization within information mapping that enhances embodiment in the experience of the information. Amazonia...

  5. GIS for diagnosis and environmental monitoring of degraded area by shale mining in Sao Mateus do Sul - Parana state, Brazil; SIG (sistemas de informacoes geograficas) para diagnostico e monitoramento ambiental da area degradada pela mineracao de xisto em Sao Mateus do Sul - PR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, Cinthia Obladen de Almendra [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Inst. de Saneamento Ambiental; Brandalize, Maria Cecilia Bonato [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Arquitetura e Urbanismo]. E-mail: cinthia@rla01.pucpr.br

    1997-07-01

    This work present a geographical information system (GIS) used for diagnosis and monitoring of Corrego Cachoeira hydrographic basin. The basin will be provided with a digital cartography base and alphanumeric data base, allowing the integration and development of various other studies. The structure of SIG, as well as software and hardware used by the project are presented.

  6. Real space structural analysis using 3D MEIS spectra from a toroidal electrostatic analyzer with 2D detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jalabert, D., E-mail: denis.jalabert@cea.fr [CEA-INAC/UJF-Grenoble 1 UMR-E, SP2M, LEMMA, Minatec Grenoble F-38054 (France)

    2012-01-01

    A three-dimensional medium energy ion scattering (3D-MEIS) method has been developed using a commercial MEIS apparatus. This method consists of filtering the energy of the ions scattered by the sample and measuring their two-dimensional angular distribution over a large region. These cartographies of the scattered particles reveal the angular positions of the crystallographic directions and atomic planes. The method is also element sensitive and allows depth profiling by selecting the energy of the scattered particles. As an example, the MEIS cartography technique is applied on a 49 nm thick compressively strained Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3} layer deposited on a Si (1 0 0) wafer.

  7. Modern Exploration of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    The Lewis and Clark Geosystem is an online collection of private, state, local, and Federal data resources associated with the geography of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Data were compiled from key partners including NASA s Stennis Space Center, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the University of Montana, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, and from a collection of Lewis and Clark scholars. It combines modern views of the landscape with historical aerial photography, cartography, and other geographical data resources and historical sources, including: The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the Academy of Natural Science's Lewis and Clark Herbarium, high-resolution copies of the American Philosophical Society s primary-source Lewis and Clark Journals, The Library of Congress Lewis and Clark cartography collection, as well as artifacts from the Smithsonian Institution and other sources.

  8. Thermal runaway in polyimide at high electric field probed by infrared thermography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaham, Sombel; Belijar, Guillaume; Locatelli, Marie-Laure; Lebey, Thierry

    2015-03-01

    An original way for characterizing dielectrics under high electric field and high temperature based on the coupling between electric current measurements and real-time fast infrared (IR) thermography is demonstrated. Particularly, the Joule heating phenomenon at high field is quantified by 2D-temperature cartography in a polyimide (PI) film set at an initial temperature of 300 °C through IR observations of the polarized electrode. 2D-temperature cartography highlights the temperature increase with increasing the electric field. The thermal runway occurs prior to the dielectric breakdown from an electric field threshold of 140-150 V/μm. This corresponds to a dissipated volume power density between 2 and 5 mW/μm3. Such values report the limit of the electro-thermal equilibrium in PI film.

  9. Mind the gap. Cartografie urbane di luoghi dimenticati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia D'Angelo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay’s main goal is getting close to some of the artists which have been using cartography as a means to practice reality during the ’60s. Starting from Henri Lefebvre’s (1901-1991 «cognitive cartography» related to his studies on Everyday life’s critique and the revolutionary situationist concept of the Unitarian Urbanism, a relevant number of artists used mapping - both in a phisical or a mental way - as a means of action and interaction upon the urban context. Using both conceptual and performative practices, artists as Robert Smithson (1938, On Kawara (1933 and Jeremy Wood (1976 have shown how to ‘measure’ the urban ambient way too far from the everyday paths and, for this reason, apparently forgotten.

  10. Etablissement des cartes cytogénétiques et physiques

    OpenAIRE

    Yerle, Martine

    2000-01-01

    Les cartes géniques des espèces domestiques sont restées très rudimentaires, voire inexistantes, jusqu’au début des années 1990. La situation a évolué à cette période avec la mise en place de vastes programmes de cartographie du génome, aussi bien au plan national (programmes de cartographie de l’INRA, programmes Génome Français) qu’européen (programmes Bridge) pour quelques espèces majeures dont les espèces bovine et porcine. Il est en effet apparu clairement que la connaissance du génome, i...

  11. Abstract of Ph.D Dissertation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Automatic map name placement is an important task among automation of cartography,and it is also a challenge in cartography and GIS field.Map is a descriptive tool that uses a small space to represent a large space so contents of map often compete for the map space.On dense map,features are closely spaced,leaving little room for names or labels.Names must be placed so that they do not overlap each other or conceal existing features.The placements should contribute to the aesthetic quality of the map.Recently,the complex analyses of cartographic label placement task have shown that finding the optimal labeling is a difficult problem.

  12. Visual Analysis Based on the Data of Chinese Surveying and Mapping Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Liu, Haiyan; Guo, Wenyue; Yu, Anzhu

    2016-06-01

    Taking four influential Chinese surveying and mapping journals as the data source, 5863 papers published during the period of 2003-2013 were obtained. Using the method of bibliometrics and visual analysis, summarizing the surveying and mapping papers in the past ten years (2003-2013), research themes, authors, and geographical distribution were analyzed. In the study, the papers of geodesy, cartography and GIS are 59.9%, more than half of all the papers. We also determine that the core author group has 131 authors, mainly of whom are from big cities. 90% of top ten cities on the number of publishing papers are capital cities or municipalities directly under the central government.In conclusion, we found that the research focus was different every year, and the research content was richness, the content of geodesy, cartography and GIS were widely researched, and the development of surveying and mapping is imbalanced in China.

  13. Demands Set Upon Modern Cartographic Visualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Frangeš

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Scientific cartography has the task to develop and research new methods of cartographic visualization. General demands are set upon modern cartographic visualization, which encompasses digital cartography and computer graphics: legibility, clearness, accuracy, plainness and aesthetics. In this paper, it is explained in detail what demands should be met in order to satisfy the general demands set. In order to satisfy the demand of legibility, one should respect conditions of minimal sizes, appropriate graphical density and better differentiation of known features. Demand of clearness needs to be met by fulfilling conditions of simplicity, contrasting quality and layer arrangement of cartographic representation. Accuracy, as the demand on cartographic visualization, can be divided into positioning accuracy and accuracy signs. For fulfilling the demand of plainness, the conditions of symbolism, traditionalism and hierarchic organization should be met. Demand of aesthetics will be met if the conditions of beauty and harmony are fulfilled.

  14. Emprego de técnicas digitais para a concepção da base cartográfica da bacia hidrográfica do Córrego Cabuçu de Baixo, São Paulo, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alberto Quintanilha

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The use of appropriate cartography database is extremely important to support projects of planning and land management. However, the absence of maps, or the amount of obsolete maps, has been leading to the adoption of alternative methodologies aiming to faster and less onerous solutions for the development of cartography databases, without compromising quality. Regarding this problem, the present paper reports on the viability of constructing a cartographic database designed for applications in hydrology, more specifically, as a base for a Decision Support System for Urban Basin Management - DSSURM. The methodology combines techniques of manual terrain features extraction, as well as automatic techniques of photogrammetry. Digital orthophotos and contour maps were generated. The coarser 5 meters interval was used for the mountainous regions and forest, and the finer 1 meter interval for other regions, floodplains were prioritized for mapping flooding areas. The final analyses show the viability of the methodology as well as the high quality of the cartographic products.

  15. SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (SAR) BASED CLASSIFIERS FOR LAND APPLICATIONS IN GERMANY

    OpenAIRE

    Suresh, G.; Gehrke, R.; T. Wiatr; Hovenbitzer, M.

    2016-01-01

    Land cover information is essential for urban planning and for land cover change monitoring. This paper presents an overview of the work conducted at the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) with respect to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) based land cover classification. Two land cover classification approaches using SAR images are reported in this paper. The first method involves a rule-based classification using only SAR backscatter intensity while the other method involves super...

  16. 我国省级空间数据库的一种构建方案%A Construction Schema for Provincial Spatial Database of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳东; 龚健雅

    2009-01-01

    In order to provide a provincial spatial database, this paper presents a scheme for spatial database construction to meet the needs of China. The objective and overall technical route of spatial database construction are described. The logical and physical database models are designed. Key issues are addressed, such as integration of multi-scale heterogeneous spatial databases, spatial data version management based on metadata and integrative management of map cartography and spatial database.

  17. Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps

    CERN Document Server

    Carr, Daniel B

    2010-01-01

    After more than 15 years of development drawing on research in cognitive psychology, statistical graphics, computer science, and cartography, micromap designs are becoming part of mainstream statistical visualizations. Bringing together the research of two leaders in this field, "Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps" presents the many design variations and applications of micromaps, which link statistical information to an organized set of small maps. This full-color book helps readers simultaneously explore the statistical and geographic patterns in their data. After illustratin

  18. Interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the management of a tuberculosis; Interet de la TEP-TDM au 18F-FDG dans la prise en charge d'une tuberculose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Sellem, D.; Hubele, F.; Imperiale, A.; Constantinesco, A. [Service de medecine nucleaire, hopital Hautepierre, Strasbourg, (France); Lefebvre, N.; Hansmann, Y. [service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales, NHC, Strasbourg, (France)

    2009-05-15

    The objective was to evaluate the interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the diagnosis and the coverage of an abdomen ganglion tuberculosis. Conclusions: Through the presented case, the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. seems to be well adapted to determine the lesion cartography of the seronegative tuberculosis, the targeting of biopsies and the efficiency of the therapy evaluation. (N.C.)

  19. The Message in the Shadow: Noise or Knowledge? (Dagstuhl Seminar 15192)

    OpenAIRE

    Casati, Roberto; Cavanagh, Patrick; Santos, Paulo E.

    2015-01-01

    Computer vision, besides being a key area in Computer Science, is present in various industrial applications, such as traffic sign recognition (including car license plates), face and gesture recognition, content-based image retrieval, remote sensing, cartography, radar sensing, and robot mapping. However, most computer vision systems disregard the cognitive aspects of human perception, thus limiting their applicability in natural environments, whereby small changes in the light conditions ca...

  20. Applications of the new geological map of Wallonia

    OpenAIRE

    Marion, Jean-Marc; Mottequin, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    The new geological cartography campaign of the Walloon Region, which has begun in 1990, is mainly based on recent field data. Each map is published on 1:25,000 scale and is accompanied by a explanatory booklet where lithostratigraphy, tectonics, hydrogeology and mineral resources are described. These maps are very useful in every human activity involving the knowledge of the underground such as mining, management of dumpsites, civil engineering, etc.