WorldWideScience

Sample records for cartography

  1. Subverting cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    2011-01-01

    , and the main part of the paper is devoted to examining some specific challenges to 'official' cartographies of the city. The author focuses on the radical art and political group, the Situationist International, and its avant-garde predecessors of the Lettrist International, who sought to appropriate...

  2. Cartographie T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cote, Jean-Charles

    Les cartographies T1 par séquences d'échos stimulés et Look- Locker sont les plus communément utilisées pour mesurer les temps de relaxation T 1 en imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM). Elles ont des performances d'usage clinique, ne prenant que quelques minutes pour produire une carte des valeurs de T1. Ces séquences demeurent cependant très sensibles à la précision des pulses radiofréquences (RF) qui réorientent l'aimantation pour produire les signaux mesurés. Les pulses RF rectangulaires régulièrement utilisés en IRM produisent un basculement de l'aimantation directement proportionnel à l'intensité du champ magnétique B 1 produit par l'antenne émettrice. Les antennes cliniques ont des distributions de champs B1 qui fluctuent énormément. En exemple, l'antenne servant à produire des images de la tête possède un champ B1 qui est distribué dans son volume utile sur une plage allant de 0,5 à 1,2 relativement à son centre. Cette variation spatiale de B1 entraîne des erreurs systématiques sur les valeurs ajustées de T1 dépassant les 50%. Le développement d'un nouveau concept d'excitation RF à approche tangentielle ayant des propriétés adiabatiques pouvant remplacer les demi-passages adiabatiques (AHP) et son utilisation sous la forme d'un BIR-4-S2 (B1-Insensitive Rotation-4 AHP-Sequentialized 2 steps) dans les séquences de cartographie T1 a permis de réduire à moins de 10% les erreurs systématiques dans le cas mesuré par échos stimulés compensés et à moins de 5% pour le Look-Locker. Le BIR-4-S2 possède une imprécision sur l'angle de basculement de moins de 5° sur une plage relative allant de 0,75 à 1,75 autour d'un champ de référence B1 ref, pour un choix de basculement sur 360°. Et, contrairement aux pulses adiabatiques, il demeure un pulse RF tridimentionnel (3D) à faible puissance pouvant être utilisé à répétition cliniquement sans risque d'échauffement dangereux pour les patients. La séquence d

  3. Visualization in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    MacEachren, AM

    1994-01-01

    Visualization in Modern Cartography explores links between the centuries-old discipline of cartography and today's revolutionary developments in scientific visualization. The book has three main goals: (1) to pass on design and symbolization expertise to the scientific visualization community - information that comes from centuries of pre-computer visualization by cartographers, and their more recent experiences with computerizing the discipline; (2) to help cartographers cope with the dramatic shift from print cartography to a dynamic virtual cartography for which their role is changing from

  4. Contributions to Applied Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radovan Pavić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the increasing awareness of the importance, advantagesand feasibility of representing/visualizing spatial relations and spatial content through corresponding cartography –maps are becoming increasingly more frequent and elaborate when one needs to represent some aspect of reality from various standpoints: economical, natural scientific or politological. Some contents practically impose the need for applied cartography which is especially true of international-political, military, geopolitical and transport issues. Therefore, mass communication media have been increasingly accepting and adopting specific cartography as significant content which successfully compete with the importance of the text itself – this is the case everywhere, including in Croatia. The French geographical-political-cartographic school is the model and exceptional accomplishment. It also has predecessors in the German/Nazi geopolitical school from the first half of the 20th century.

  5. Small - Display Cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Flemming; Hvas, Anders; Münster-Swendsen, Jørgen;

    This report comprises the work carried out in the work-package of small display cartography. The work-package has aimed at creating a general framework for the small-display cartography. A solid framework facilitates an increased use of spatial data in mobile devices - thus enabling, together with...... the rapidly evolving positioning techniques, a new category of position-dependent, map-based services to be introduced. The report consists of the following parts: Part I: Categorization of handheld devices, Part II: Cartographic design for small-display devices, Part III: Study on the GiMoDig Client...... ? Portal Service Communication and finally, Part IV: Concluding remarks and topics for further research on small-display cartography. Part II includes a separate Appendix D consisting of a cartographic design specification. Part III includes a separate Appendix C consisting of a schema specification, a...

  6. Two books History of Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Husak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two valuable books were published under the title History of Cartography in the group Lecture Notes and the subgroup Publications of the International Cartographic Association. The books were published as a result of collaboration between International Cartographic Association (ICA and the Springer-Verlag publishing company and contain most papers from the following symposia:3rd International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography at University of Texas in Arlington, October 11–12, (URL 1 with the theme Charting the Cartography of Chartered Companies and4th International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary, June 28–29, 2012 (URL 2 with the theme Exploration – Discovery – Cartography.

  7. Dynamic Network Delay Cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Rajawat, Ketan; Giannakis, Georgios B

    2012-01-01

    Path delays in IP networks are important metrics, required by network operators for assessment, planning, and fault diagnosis. Monitoring delays of all source-destination pairs in a large network is however challenging and wasteful of resources. The present paper advocates a spatio-temporal Kalman filtering approach to construct network-wide delay maps using measurements on only a few paths. The proposed network cartography framework allows efficient tracking and prediction of delays by relying on both topological as well as historical data. Optimal paths for delay measurement are selected in an online fashion by leveraging the notion of submodularity. The resulting predictor is optimal in the class of linear predictors, and outperforms competing alternatives on real-world datasets.

  8. Cartographie et intelligence artificielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Le monde complexe dans lequel nous évoluons est aussi paradoxal : ainsi, que peut-on prédire quant à la diffusion du savoir faire des géographes en termes de cartographie et de visualisation de l’information géographique ? On voit surgir toujours plus d’instruments et d’occasions de se repérer et d’admirer des images de la terre, mais il n’est pas sûr que cela fasse progresser dans le public la connaissance des cartes et de leur interprétation. Prenons l’exemple du repérage, par GPS, et bient...

  9. Cartography past, present and future

    CERN Document Server

    Rhind, DW

    2013-01-01

    Making maps dates back at least four thousand years and it is widely recognised that many maps are of great historical value and present a skilled method of summarising the real world on a sheet of paper. Less well known is the judgement involved in the selection and simplification of features, the complex transformation of space and the exacting standards which are needed in cartography. This book is primarily a tribute to Professor F.J. Ormeling, former President and Secretary/Treasurer of the ICA and gives a wide ranging review of the current status of cartography, how this status was atta

  10. Thematic cartography, cartography and the impact of the quantitative revolution

    CERN Document Server

    Cauvin, Colette; Serradj, Aziz

    2013-01-01

    This series in three volumes considers maps as constructions resulting from a number of successive transformations and stages integrated in a logical reasoning and an order of choices. Volume 2 focuses on the impact of the quantitative revolution, partially related to the advent of the computer age, on thematic cartography.

  11. Runoff inundation hazard cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pineux, N.; Degré, A.

    2012-04-01

    Between 1998 and 2004, Europe suffered from more than hundred major inundations, responsible for some 700 deaths, for the moving of about half a million of people and the economic losses of at least 25 billions Euros covered by the insurance policies. Within this context, EU launched the 2007/60/CE directive. The inundations are natural phenomenon. They cannot be avoided. Nevertheless this directive permits to better evaluate the risks and to coordinate the management measures taken at member states level. In most countries, inundation maps only include rivers' overflowing. In Wallonia, overland flows and mudflows also cause huge damages, and must be included in the flood hazard map. Indeed, the cleaning operations for a village can lead to an estimated cost of 11 000 €. Average construction cost of retention dams to control off-site damage caused by floods and muddy flows was valued at 380 000€, and yearly dredging costs associated with these retention ponds at 15 000€. For a small city for which a study was done in a more specific way (Gembloux), the mean annual cost for the damages that can generate the runoff is about 20 000€. This cost consists of the physical damages caused to the real estate and movable properties of the residents as well as the emergency operations of the firemen and the city. On top of damages to public infrastructure (clogging of trenches, silting up of retention ponds) and to private property by muddy flows, runoff generates a significant loss of arable land. Yet, the soil resource is not an unlimited commodity. Moreover, sediments' transfer to watercourses alters their physical and chemical quality. And that is not to mention the increased psychological stress for people. But to map overland flood and mud flow hazard is a real challenge. This poster will present the methodology used to in Wallonia. The methodology is based on 3 project rainfalls: 25, 50 and 100 years return period (consistency with the cartography of the

  12. Learning&Information Technologies Cartography

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, many researches focus their efforts in studies and applications on the Learning area. However, there is a lack of a reference system that permits to know the positioning and the existing links between Learning and Information Technologies. This paper proposes a Cartography where explains the relationships between the elements that compose the Learning Theories and Information Technologies, considering the own features of the learner and the Information Technologies Properties. This ...

  13. Policy issues in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, DRF

    1998-01-01

    Policy Issues in Modern Cartography contains the views of national mapping agencies, legal scholars, the library community, the private sector and academia on these and many other important issues. The book begins with perspectives from national mapping agencies in Britain, Canada and the United States followed by a survey of the situation in Asia. The next three chapters deal primarily with legal issues such as copyright and intellectual property from both North American and European perspectives. Chapter 8 presents an important perspective on the key issues by a representative of the privat

  14. Blind Cartography for Side Channel Attacks: Cross-Correlation Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Sauvage

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Side channel and fault injection attacks are major threats to cryptographic applications of embedded systems. Best performances for these attacks are achieved by focusing sensors or injectors on the sensible parts of the application, by means of dedicated methods to localise them. Few methods have been proposed in the past, and all of them aim at pinpointing the cryptoprocessor. However it could be interesting to exploit the activity of other parts of the application, in order to increase the attack's efficiency or to bypass its countermeasures. In this paper, we present a localisation method based on cross-correlation, which issues a list of areas of interest within the attacked device. It realizes an exhaustive analysis, since it may localise any module of the device, and not only those which perform cryptographic operations. Moreover, it also does not require a preliminary knowledge about the implementation, whereas some previous cartography methods require that the attacker could choose the cryptoprocessor inputs, which is not always possible. The method is experimentally validated using observations of the electromagnetic near field distribution over a Xilinx Virtex 5 FPGA. The matching between areas of interest and the application layout in the FPGA floorplan is confirmed by correlation analysis.

  15. Cartography and Geographic Information Science in Current Contents

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2009-01-01

    The Cartography and Geographic Information Science (CaGIS) journal was published as The American Cartographer from 1974 to 1989, after that as Cartography and Geographic Information System, and since then has been published with its current name. It is published by the Cartography and Geographic Information Society, a member of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.

  16. Star Maps History, Artistry, and Cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2012-01-01

    Star Maps captures the beauty and awe of the heavens through celestial prints and star atlases. It traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of humanity's place in the universe. The text of this Second Edition is enriched with 263 photographs, 91 in color, showing images from actual antiquarian celestial books and atlases, each one with an explanation of its astronomical and cartographic features. This new edition of Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Cartography includes: - over 50 new pages of text and 44 new images (16 in color) - completely new sections on celestial frontispieces, deep-sky objects, playing card maps, additional cartographers, and modern computerized star maps - updated figures and text about celestial globes, volvelles, telescopes, and planets and asteroids - revised and updated text and illustrations throughout. The book focuses on the development of celestial cartography from ancient to modern times and describes the relationships between ...

  17. Cartography, Geographic Information, and Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monmonier, Mark S.

    1982-01-01

    Cartography is undergoing a digital transition with geographic data becoming available in machine-readable form and with the diminishing need to draw and print maps in order to communicate information. This automation will force cartographers to concentrate upon the institutional aspects of information management. Implications for geographic…

  18. GIS and Cartography: An Introduction Overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Technical Report concerns to some relevant concepts in Cartography and GIS. We will define terms and functions as scale, projection, cartographic syntaxes. We'll specify some Geographic Information, formats, sources... Finally, we will study about GIS applications and, specially, how CIEMAT is working with that, and what is the future of this technology. (Author) 71 refs

  19. Star maps history, artistry, and cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2007-01-01

    Traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of man''s place in the universe and to advances in map-making. This book features reproductions of maps from antiquarian celestial atlases and prints. It includes a legend for each illustration to explain its astronomical and cartographic features.

  20. Cartographie et éducation populaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ferretti, Federico

    2012-01-01

    Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes. Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographique Este a...

  1. Thematic cartography as a geographical application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drago Perko

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available A thematic map may be a geographical application (tool in itself or the basis for some other geographical work. The development of Slovene thematic cartography accelerated considerably following the independence of the country in 1991. From the viewpoint of content and technology, its greatest achievements are the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia and the National Atlas of Slovenia, which are outstanding achievements at the international level and of great significance for the promotion of Slovenia and Slovene geography and cartography. However, this rapid development has been accompanied by numerous problems, for example, the ignoring of various Slovene and international conventions for the preparation of maps including United Nations resolutions, Slovene and international (SIST ISO, and copyright laws.

  2. Digital Cartography in the Royal Library -the National Library of Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Digital cartography - that is computer cartography - could be seen from several different viewpoints. Three aspects are important for libraries: digital map production, digital access and digital archiving.

  3. Free E-Textbook "Cartography 2.0"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Mark Harrower, Anthony C. Robinson, Robert E. Roth and Ben Sheesely wrote the e-textbook Cartography 2.0 and made it available on the Internet at no charge. The textbook’s website (http://Cartography2.org explains their reasoning, which was also published in the Cartographic Perspectives journal (Cartography 2.0: For People Who Make Interactive Maps, Number 64, Fall 2009. They emphasize they were frustrated with traditional textbooks’ inability to keep in touch with web technologies, and they could not locate a comprehensive source of width and depth expected from a professional textbooks. They elaborate on this in detail.

  4. Free E-Textbook "Cartography 2.0"

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula; Dražen Tutić

    2011-01-01

    Mark Harrower, Anthony C. Robinson, Robert E. Roth and Ben Sheesely wrote the e-textbook Cartography 2.0 and made it available on the Internet at no charge. The textbook’s website (http://Cartography2.org) explains their reasoning, which was also published in the Cartographic Perspectives journal (Cartography 2.0: For People Who Make Interactive Maps, Number 64, Fall 2009). They emphasize they were frustrated with traditional textbooks’ inability to keep in touch with web technologies, and th...

  5. Cartography of affections in the Bragantine Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio José da Costa Brito

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This communication synthetically presents some elements of Jerônimo Silva e Silva’s ethnographic research. Actually it is the outlines of his doctoral thesis Cartography of affections in the encantaria: religious masters narratives from Bragantine Amazon. Silva lines out an ethnography via a cartographic flow having in mind to capture its live forces or movers. Using hermeneutics data from these narratives and living with some religious agents in situ – Pajé-Exorcista Cristino, Pajé Edvaldo, Mãe Terezinha, Mãe Lourdes, Rezadeira Luiza, Mãe Ana e Experiente Zé Maria – he unveils a plurality of relationships between people and incantation. Using some local technical concepts like corda (rope, linha (line, viração (breeze he discloses a rich social complexity in this religion of the incantation.

  6. Geodesy and cartography. [of planet Mars surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Merton E.; Batson, Raymond M.; Wu, Sherman S. C.

    1992-01-01

    An overview of geodesy and cartography of Mars over the past century is presented. The modern exploration began with the Mariner 4, 6, and 7 flyby missions, followed by the Mariner 9 and Viking missions that mapped the entire surface of Mars. The primary modern changes to the coordinate system have led to improved measurements of the rotational period, the direction of the spin axis, and the size and shape of Mars. Planimetric mapping based on Mariner 9 pictures began with a 1:25-M-scale sheet and 30 1:5-M-scale sheets that covered the entire Martian surface. The quality of the Viking Orbiter pictures was greatly improved over Mariner 9 and led to the publication of 140 controlled photomosaic sheets at a scale of 1:2 M. Two digital data bases have been compiled for Mars - the digital image model and the digital terrain model.

  7. Development Trends of Cartography and Geographic Information Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    WANG Jiayao

    2010-01-01

    Aimed at the problems of cartography and geographic information engineering and increasing demands of national and military infomationization construction, the paper proposes six hotspots on the research of cartography and geographic information engineering for the future on the foundation of analyzing the development track of cartology, which are heterogeneous geospatial data assimilation, transferring from emphasizing geography infor-mation gaining to user-oriented geographic information de...

  8. Lunar and planetary cartography in Russia

    CERN Document Server

    Shevchenko, Vladislav; Michael, Gregory

    2016-01-01

    This book is the first to document in depth the history of lunar and planetary cartography in Russia. The first map of the far side of the Moon was made with the participation of Lomonosov Moscow University (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, MSU) in 1960. The developed mapping technologies were then used in preparing the “Complete Map of the Moon” in 1967 as well as other maps and globes. Over the years, various maps of Mars have emerged from the special course “Mapping of extraterrestrial objects” in the MSU Geography Department, including the hypsometric map of Mars at a scale of 1:26,000,000, compiled by J.A. Ilyukhina and published in 2004 in an edition of 5,000 copies. A more detailed version of this map has since been produced with a new hypsometric scale. In addition, maps of the northern and southern hemispheres of Mars have been compiled for the hypsometric globe of Mars.  Relief maps of Venus were made in 2008, 2010, and 2011, and hypsometric maps of Phobos and Deimos at a scale of 1:60,000...

  9. 9th Conference Cartography and Geoinformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In collaboration with the Department of Geography of the University of Zadar and Croatian Geographical Society, the Croatian Cartographic Society wants to contribute to the development of geoinformation, cartography, geography, and related fields, with a particular emphasis on GIS and spatial data infrastructure. A wide variety of topics and keynote speakers guarantee interesting lectures and a contemporary approach.The World GIS (GIS Day is an international forum of users interested in geoinformation system (GIS and technology displaying successful GIS applications. GIS Day was celebrated for the first time in 1999 (http://www.gisday.com/about.html. More than 950 events worldwide were registered on the occasion of GIS Day in 2012. This year, GIS Day is going to be celebrated on November 20, which is also the first day of the conference.The concept of spatial data infrastructure (SDI is determined at the national level with the new Law about the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. The INSPIRE directive is a turning point in the approach to spatial data at the continental level. INSPIRE establishes the framework for collecting, processing, distributing and using spatial data in the future. It is also one of the major topics of this conference.

  10. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Marcelo G; Cole, Michael W; Thompson-Schill, Sharon L; Bassett, Danielle S

    2015-12-01

    One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module) across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems-including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems-engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i) stability vs. flexibility and (ii) connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort, individual

  11. Mapping out Patience: Cartography, Cinema and W.G. Sebald

    OpenAIRE

    Taien Ng-Chan

    2015-01-01

    Cinematic cartography can be an especially powerful tool for deep mapping, as it can convey the narratives, emotions, memories and histories, as well as the locations and geography that are associated with a place. This is evident in the documentary film Patience (After Sebald) by Grant Gee, which follows in the footsteps of W.G. Sebald and his walking tour of Suffolk, England, as described in his book The Rings of Saturn. A variety of strategies in cinematic cartography are used quite consci...

  12. Cartography "LEAi" of the International Network of Universities Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa M. Ramírez Leyva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the project of Cartography "LEAi" which aims to create a cartographic information system on the actions, achievements and experiences of reading, writing and information literacy in the Mexican universities. The methodology behind the project is the social mappings, which allows information and systematize it. The project is based on the participatory action research. It includes the first results of the implementation of an electronic questionnaire to the first participants of the project are presented. The Cartography is part of the collaborative activities that encouraged the International Network of Universities Readers (RIUL.

  13. Using Mental Map Principles to Interpret American Indian Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Martin D.

    2014-01-01

    The understanding of maps drawn or significantly influenced by American Indians fosters critical thinking, cultural diversity, and awareness of a much-neglected topic in cartography. Line styles, scale depiction, and the sizing of individual entities are discussed in the context of applying principles from mental maps to American Indian maps and…

  14. North sea water mass cartography, with radiotracer technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radionuclide study was the root of important improvements in recent oceanography; indeed their environment future may be followed. The artificial radioisotopes, which are soluble in sea water, allowed to identify accurately water masses, penetrating in North Sea. Those water cartographies give essential informations on the release impact evaluation, accidental or controlled, in a very active economical european region. 6 figs. 1 tab

  15. Social Cartographies as Performative Devices in Research on Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira Andreotti, Vanessa; Stein, Sharon; Pashby, Karen; Nicolson, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we review social cartography as a methodological approach to map and collectively engage diverse perspectives within the study of higher education. We illustrate the uses of this approach by drawing on our own experiences engaging it as part of an international research project about the effects of the convergence of globalization…

  16. From cartography of the Universe to molecular cartography – the use of map projections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pędzich Paweł

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Map projections are very important in the compilation of various types of maps and spatial databases. Geographical information systems provide their users with the significant opportunities in the choice of map projections, coordinate systems, their definitions and transitions between them. The role of map projection can be considered depending on an objective, for which a map has to be used, user of this map and a form of its publication. The Internet, mobile devices and GIS caused that the map projections are used for two main purposes: data visualization and performing of calculations and analyses. The role of map projections is still important, despite the changes occurring in cartography. The rules for the applications of map projections developed over the centuries are still valid. However, the new rules resulting from the new functions of map projections are also created. The aim of this article, that is the author’s overview of map projections, is to illustrate the broad spectrum of applications for the map projections.

  17. Maps and civilization cartography in culture and society

    CERN Document Server

    Thrower, Norman J W

    2008-01-01

    In this concise introduction to the history of cartography, Norman J. W. Thrower charts the intimate links between maps and history from antiquity to the present day. A wealth of illustrations, including the oldest known map and contemporary examples made using Geographical Information Systems (GIS), illuminate the many ways in which various human cultures have interpreted spatial relationships.The third edition of Maps and Civilization incorporates numerous revisions, features new material throughout the book, and includes a new alphabetized bibliography. Praise for previous editions of Maps and Civilization:"A marvelous compendium of map lore. Anyone truly interested in the development of cartography will want to have his or her own copy to annotate, underline, and index for handy referencing."-L. M. Sebert, Geomatica

  18. Introduction à la cartographie des génomes complexes

    OpenAIRE

    Cribiu, Edmond; Schibler, Laurent

    2000-01-01

    Les technologies mises en place dans le cadre des projets sur les génomes humain et murin ont stimulé le développement de la cartographie des espèces d’intérêt agronomique. Des cartes ont été construites pour les ruminants, le porc, le cheval et le poulet, permettant de localiser des gènes d’intérêt agronomique ou des QTL (quantitative trait loci) chez ces espèces. Ces travaux de cartographie génétique, cytogénétique et physique devraient se révéler être des outils indispensables pour le clon...

  19. Assessing population exposure for landslide risk analysis using dasymetric cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ricardo A. C.; Oliveira, Sergio C.; Zezere, Jose L.

    2015-04-01

    Exposed Population is a major topic that needs to be taken into account in a full landslide risk analysis. Usually, risk analysis is based on an accounting of inhabitants number or inhabitants density, applied over statistical or administrative terrain units, such as NUTS or parishes. However, this kind of approach may skew the obtained results underestimating the importance of population, mainly in territorial units with predominance of rural occupation. Furthermore, the landslide susceptibility scores calculated for each terrain unit are frequently more detailed and accurate than the location of the exposed population inside each territorial unit based on Census data. These drawbacks are not the ideal setting when landslide risk analysis is performed for urban management and emergency planning. Dasymetric cartography, which uses a parameter or set of parameters to restrict the spatial distribution of a particular phenomenon, is a methodology that may help to enhance the resolution of Census data and therefore to give a more realistic representation of the population distribution. Therefore, this work aims to map and to compare the population distribution based on a traditional approach (population per administrative terrain units) and based on dasymetric cartography (population by building). The study is developed in the Region North of Lisbon using 2011 population data and following three main steps: i) the landslide susceptibility assessment based on statistical models independently validated; ii) the evaluation of population distribution (absolute and density) for different administrative territorial units (Parishes and BGRI - the basic statistical unit in the Portuguese Census); and iii) the dasymetric population's cartography based on building areal weighting. Preliminary results show that in sparsely populated administrative units, population density differs more than two times depending on the application of the traditional approach or the dasymetric

  20. Mapping out Patience: Cartography, Cinema and W.G. Sebald

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taien Ng-Chan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cinematic cartography can be an especially powerful tool for deep mapping, as it can convey the narratives, emotions, memories and histories, as well as the locations and geography that are associated with a place. This is evident in the documentary film Patience (After Sebald by Grant Gee, which follows in the footsteps of W.G. Sebald and his walking tour of Suffolk, England, as described in his book The Rings of Saturn. A variety of strategies in cinematic cartography are used quite consciously in Gee’s exploration of space, place and story. Using Teresa Castro’s three cartographic shapes of cinema, I structure an analysis of the film’s opening scene through a discussion of cinematic cartography, or the plotting of geospatial data onto a map, as well as what I will differentiate as cartographic cinema, or the mapping of space through the cinematographic image. I argue that both are necessary not only to have a deep understanding of the world and our place in it, but also in how to transmit that knowledge to others.

  1. Gis-Based Smart Cartography Using 3d Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinverni, E. S.; Tassetti, A. N.

    2013-08-01

    3D City Models have evolved to be important tools for urban decision processes and information systems, especially in planning, simulation, analysis, documentation and heritage management. On the other hand existing and in use numerical cartography is often not suitable to be used in GIS because not geometrically and topologically correctly structured. The research aim is to 3D structure and organize a numeric cartography for GIS and turn it into CityGML standardized features. The work is framed around a first phase of methodological analysis aimed to underline which existing standard (like ISO and OGC rules) can be used to improve the quality requirement of a cartographic structure. Subsequently, from this technical specifics, it has been investigated the translation in formal contents, using an owner interchange software (SketchUp), to support some guide lines implementations to generate a GIS3D structured in GML3. It has been therefore predisposed a test three-dimensional numerical cartography (scale 1:500, generated from range data captured by 3D laser scanner), tested on its quality according to the previous standard and edited when and where necessary. Cad files and shapefiles are converted into a final 3D model (Google SketchUp model) and then exported into a 3D city model (CityGML LoD1/LoD2). The GIS3D structure has been managed in a GIS environment to run further spatial analysis and energy performance estimate, not achievable in a 2D environment. In particular geometrical building parameters (footprint, volume etc.) are computed and building envelop thermal characteristics are derived from. Lastly, a simulation is carried out to deal with asbestos and home renovating charges and show how the built 3D city model can support municipal managers with risk diagnosis of the present situation and development of strategies for a sustainable redevelop.

  2. Value Assessment in Managing Cartography and Geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2006-01-01

    dramatic changes particularly within the following areas: technology, availability of geo-information, professional skills and mobility of labour, conventions as well as resources. It was recognized at the KMS that the existing professional skills and methods were no longer sufficient for the design and...... the management in modern cartography and in modern geo-spatial communication projects. It was recognized that there was a lack of adequate theories, models, methods and tech-niques. This forced the cartographers and the project managers to lock several parameters to well known values. One example is...

  3. Localisation et cartographie simultannées avec vision monoculaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lemaire, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Cette thèse aborde le problème de localisation et cartographie simultanée pour un robot mobile. Lorsque le robot évolue dans un environnement inconnu, il doit construire une carte au fur et à mesure qu'il explore le monde, tout en se localisant dans celle-ci. De l'anglais Simultaneous Localisation And Mapping, le SLAM est une brique essentielle de l'architecture d'un robot autonome. Plusieurs éléments sont nécessaires à la résolution du SLAM, en particulier la perception de l'environnement pe...

  4. Mathematical Definitions of Point, Line and Area Symbols in Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Wenzhan; ZHONG Yexun; PENG Yueying; ZHENG Hongbo

    2003-01-01

    The line cartographic symbol located on the boundary and the point cartographic symbol located by single point are the main body and stress of the map. The cartographic symbols are divided into point, line and area symbol in cartography and traditional educational books, but up to now there is only qualitative description about the three kinds of symbols, there are not the mathematical definitions of point, line and area symbols. This paper tries to solve the problem. The authors propose the mathematical definition about point,line and area cartographic symbol according to the theory of topology and expound their dependence relation.

  5. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2009-01-01

    Maps, either printed or digital, can create effective communication with bosses, clients, other scientists, and the public. However, entry level GISers often find that map design was given short shrift in their pre-professional life. It is time for the GIS field, which is maturing in other ways, to improve its skills in this area. Based on the author's more than ten years of research and practice in map design, GIS Cartography: A Guide to Effective Map Design provides the tools to create truly sophisticated maps. Packed full of in-depth information and advice, this book covers all facets of ma

  6. Mathematics in the Classroom: Conceptual Cartography of Differential Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Lourdes RODRÍGUEZ PERALTA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a documentary investigation with the intention of substantiate how and why, and the level and depth of the topics used by the teacher in the classroom for the development of the mathematical knowledge on the part of higher level engineering students. The analysis of the mathematical object was made through the construction of conceptual cartography, being the core of the derivative concept. To construct the axes, the socio-formative theory of Sergio Tobón was used, together with the semiotic representation register of Raychmond Duval and Tall's mathematical advanced thought in the engineering context. The topic is a part of the Unit of learning: Differential and Integral Calculus. This corresponds to the first semester. The course lasts for a semester and is intended for students aged between 18 and 20 years. The research shows that by constructing a conceptual cartography involving at least 8 axes of analysis that the socio-formation orientates, and taking mathematics in the context of careers offered by the educational institution, the teacher is allowed to place the thematic content in the appropriate level and depth, guiding in a possible treatment of knowledge to be brought into the classroom.

  7. Industries dangereuses et planification: cartographier les risques technologiques majeurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine GLATRON

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Rendue obligatoire depuis 1987, la prévision des risques majeurs est entrée dans le domaine de la planification urbaine. Il est donc nécessaire d’en dresser la cartographie la plus exhaustive possible pour établir un document de référence permettant de prendre ces risques en considération lors de toute action d’aménagement. Une première tentative cartographique a été réalisée sur SIG pour les risques technologiques, à titre exploratoire, étant donné les difficultés rencontrées d’une part pour la collecte des informations relatives aux impacts d’éventuels accidents, d’autre part pour faire accepter l’affichage exhaustif des risques majeurs.

  8. Cartographic conic projections and their appliance in national cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borisov Mirko

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is dedicated to the mapping of conic projections and their appliance in producing maps of our state cartography. So far they were often applied, and will be used precisely coned, polyconed and modified polyconed projections for the official mapping (1:500 000, 1:750 000, 1:1000 000 and 1:1500 000. In particular, they cartographic conical projection at a scale of 1:1000 000 were taken into consideration. Those are the Lambert conformal conical projection with two standard parallels and the Modified polyconic projections. In addition to these cartographic conical projections, is described Boneo`s pseudoconic equivalent projections. This is one of the cartographic conical map projection that is commonly used in the preparation of thematic maps as well as for atlas editions of geographic maps both in Serbia and abroad.

  9. Planetary Cartography as Integral Discipline in Planetary Sciences: From Planetary Mapping to Map Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, A.; van Gasselt, S.; Hargitai, H.; Hare, T.; Manaud, N.; Karachevtseva, I.; Kersten, E.; Roatsch, T.; Wählisch, M.; Kereszturi, A.

    2016-06-01

    Cartography is one of the most important communication channels between users of spatial information and laymen as well as the open public alike. We invite colleagues to discuss concepts and topics for joint future collaboration and research.

  10. MARKET ANALYSIS AND POTENTIAL OF UAV SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING &CARTOGRAPHY IN ECOLOGY, AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Prakul; National Aerospace University “KhAI”; Muneshwar, Rajesh N.; National Aerospace University “KhAI”

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes recent research into Aerial Photography, Cartography and Monitoring Capa-bilities and Technologies of UAV products currently available into the market. It reviews advancement of small electric powered unmanned air vehicle (UAV) capabilities. Specifically, topics under consideration were Aerial photography and its two uses, Cartography and Monitoring within the context of proposed exploitation of UAV for Planning, control and management in Agriculture, Forestry and Ecology...

  11. Spatial-Frequency Azimuthally Stable Cartography of Biological Polycrystalline Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Ushenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new azimuthally stable polarimetric technique processing microscopic images of optically anisotropic structures of biological tissues histological sections is proposed. It has been used as a generalized model of phase anisotropy definition of biological tissues by using superposition of Mueller matrices of linear birefringence and optical activity. The matrix element M44 has been chosen as the main information parameter, whose value is independent of the rotation angle of both sample and probing beam polarization plane. For the first time, the technique of concerted spatial-frequency filtration has been used in order to separate the manifestation of linear birefringence and optical activity. Thereupon, the method of azimuthally stable spatial-frequency cartography of biological tissues histological sections has been elaborated. As the analyzing tool, complex statistic, correlation, and fractal analysis of coordinate distributions of M44 element has been performed. The possibility of using the biopsy of the uterine wall tissue in order to differentiate benign (fibromyoma and malignant (adenocarcinoma conditions has been estimated.

  12. From Planetary Mapping to Map Production: Planetary Cartography as integral discipline in Planetary Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, Andrea; van Gasselt, Stephan; Hargitai, Hendrik; Hare, Trent; Manaud, Nicolas; Karachevtseva, Irina; Kersten, Elke; Roatsch, Thomas; Wählisch, Marita; Kereszturi, Akos

    2016-04-01

    Cartography is one of the most important communication channels between users of spatial information and laymen as well as the open public alike. This applies to all known real-world objects located either here on Earth or on any other object in our Solar System. In planetary sciences, however, the main use of cartography resides in a concept called planetary mapping with all its various attached meanings: it can be (1) systematic spacecraft observation from orbit, i.e. the retrieval of physical information, (2) the interpretation of discrete planetary surface units and their abstraction, or it can be (3) planetary cartography sensu strictu, i.e., the technical and artistic creation of map products. As the concept of planetary mapping covers a wide range of different information and knowledge levels, aims associated with the concept of mapping consequently range from a technical and engineering focus to a scientific distillation process. Among others, scientific centers focusing on planetary cartography are the United State Geological Survey (USGS, Flagstaff), the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK, Moscow), Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE, Hungary), and the German Aerospace Center (DLR, Berlin). The International Astronomical Union (IAU), the Commission Planetary Cartography within International Cartographic Association (ICA), the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), the WG IV/8 Planetary Mapping and Spatial Databases within International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) and a range of other institutions contribute on definition frameworks in planetary cartography. Classical cartography is nowadays often (mis-)understood as a tool mainly rather than a scientific discipline and an art of communication. Consequently, concepts of information systems, mapping tools and cartographic frameworks are used interchangeably, and cartographic workflows and visualization of spatial information in thematic maps have often been

  13. Cartographie et interprétation de l'environnement par drone

    OpenAIRE

    Sanfourche, M.; Le Saux, B.; Plyer, A.; Le Besnerais, G

    2014-01-01

    Nous présentons dans cet article le système de cartographie géométrique et d'interprétation sémantique de l'environ- nement pour des applications drone développé à l'ONERA/DTIM. Une cartographie précise en 3D de l'environnement survolé par le drone est réalisée au moyen des données vidéo et Lidar acquises en vol. Notre système comprend en- suite un module pour la cartographie sémantique interactive et la détection d'objets génériques dans le modèle global. Enfin nous proposons des fonctionnal...

  14. The Space of Cartography (en inglés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Carrascal Aguirre

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract“All perceiving is also thinking, all reasoning is also intuition, all observation is also invention” Rudolph Arnheim Among the places found inside contemporary cities, a certain  kind of space exists, the importance of which is often   overlooked, even by those who are charged with creating them. This could be explained by the fact that, singularly, these spaces  do not have a specific location, since they are in essence symbolic or conceptual in character. I am referring to our way of graphically representing our environment: maps. As will soon be explained, the map in itself is a place that substitutes the reality that it represents. It is a surrogate space that operates fundamentally through analogy and abstraction.The production and use of this type of space carries important  implications in the configuration of our physical environment at any scale, be it that of a project, a city or the land. The transformative capacity of cartographic activity will be comparable  here to project design, refuting the usual conception about both as having essentially different natures; project design is usually seen as being dynamic in character and tinged with specific actions leading to a transformation of the environment over time, while maps are reduced to being a static projection of an existing physical reality onto a smaller surface. The fundamental idea behind putting maps and projects on the same level rests on the fact that any form of spatial representation entails an exercise of acting upon the  represented object.Key wordsplace, cartography, landscape, abstraction, geometry

  15. Quelques conditions pour une sémiotique de la cartographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaëtan DESMARAIS

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie, satisfaisant aux cinq conditions empruntées à Hjelmslev et étudiées ici en détail pour rendre compte de sa structure, fonctionne bien comme un langage. On peut donc l'aborder selon les méthodes de la sémiologie.

  16. Participation of the Czech Geodesy and Cartography Office in nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The organization of geodetic and cartographic work during nuclear power plant construction is described, and funding requirements for instrumentation are listed. The Czech Geodesy and Cartography Office also provides scientific research work whose results affect the quality, speed and cost of building and assembly efforts at nuclear power plants. (E.J.). 3 refs

  17. "The History of Cartography" by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward free on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-01-01

    The first part of well known The History of Cartography, edited by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward, was published in 1987. The second part, consisted of three books, was being published during the next 11 years. Since recently, all four books have been available for free, on the Internet (http://press.uchicago.edu/books/HOC/index.html).

  18. Conceptual design and implementation of tutorials for app development in the context of the lecture 'Mobile Cartography'

    OpenAIRE

    Hartl, Maximilian

    2012-01-01

    Mobile applications are becoming more and more important in the daily life and offer interesting and completely new aspects to the field of cartography. The technological possibilities provided by computer science have had a large impact on cartography and therefore cartographers must be familiar with the development of software to present geographic information and make it accessible. With the recent rise of mobile devices like smartphones, it is inevitable that this has to include mobile pl...

  19. 9th Cartography and Geoinformation Conference with World GIS Day Zadar, November 20 – 22, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The 9th Cartography and Geoinformation Conference with World GIS Day was organized in Zadar from November 20 to 22, 2013. By organizing the conference, the Croatian Cartographic Society in collaboration with the Department of Geography of the University of Zadar and the Croatian Geographic Society wanted to contribute to the development of geoinformatics, cartography, geography and related fields, with special emphasis on GIS and spatial data infrastructure. A wide range of topics and renowned invited lecturers guaranteed interesting lectures and a contemporary approach.The World GIS Day is an international forum of GIS users and successful GIS technologies. It was first organized in 1999 (http://www.gisday.com/abo­ut.html. More than 950 events were registered on the occasion of the World GIS Day in 2012. This year the first day of the conference, November 20 was reserved for the GIS Day.

  20. Participation of Employees and Students of the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography in Polar Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasik, Mariusz; Adamek, Artur; Rajner, Marcin; Kurczyński, Zdzisław; Pachuta, Andrzej; Woźniak, Marek; Bylina, Paweł; Próchniewicz, Dominik

    2016-06-01

    This year the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology celebrates its 95th jubilee, which provides an opportunity to present the Faculty's rich traditions in polar research. Employees and students of the faculty for almost 60 years have taken part in research expeditions to the polar circle. The article presents various studies typical of geodesy and cartography, as well as miscellany of possible measurement applications and geodetic techniques used to support interdisciplinary research. Wide range of geodetic techniques used in polar studies includes classic angular and linear surveys, photogrammetric techniques, gravimetric measurements, GNSS satellite techniques and satellite imaging. Those measurements were applied in glaciological, geological, geodynamic, botanical researches as well as in cartographic studies. Often they were used in activities aiming to ensure continuous functioning of Polish research stations on both hemispheres. This study is a short overview of thematic scope and selected research results conducted by our employees and students.

  1. The creation in question: a brief cartography of a theoretical course

    OpenAIRE

    Tais Rodrigues Dassoler

    2011-01-01

    This article is the result of discussions produced during a theoretical course aboutcreativity in advertising. Instead of teaching how to create, the proposal of the course was to question what characterizes creation. Departing from this question, the route of a theoretical cartography is presented, trough the deconstruction of the idea of creation, the advertising device is shown in its creative demands. Mobilizing different theoretical perspectives, the text approaches creativity’s myth whe...

  2. Education Pape r: De velopment of an International Master Program in Cartography and Geoinformatics

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, S.; J. M. Krisp; L. Meng

    2010-01-01

    The ongoing technological development since the introduction of computerized data processing and increased access to the Internet has increasingly blurred the boundaries among the individual disciplines in the geo-sciences. As a consequence, some traditionally interdisciplinary areas, such as geoinformatics and cartography, have become particularly active or partly revitalized. In this paper we document the establishment of a new cooperative International Master Program in “Cartog...

  3. Perception of colour scales used in thematic cartography by young people aged 15-17

    OpenAIRE

    Barbora Musilová

    2013-01-01

    There are many different types of datasets represented by maps in thematic cartography. It is possible to represent features and phenomenon referencing to area as well as to point. Furthermore, it is possible to represent qualitative data as well as quantitative data. There are many different ways to represent them. One of the most important and most used cartographic symbols of lettering is colour, resp. colour scales, which are chosen according to shown data. This article is focused ...

  4. Artificial Neural Network Technology: for the Classification and Cartography of Scientific and Technical Information

    OpenAIRE

    Polanco, Xavier; François, Claire; Keim, Jean-Pierre

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of multivariate data analysis: NEURODOC applies the axial k-means method for automatic, non-hierarchical cluster analysis and a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for representing the clusters on a map. We next introduce Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to extend NEURODOC into a neural platform for the cluster analysis and cartography of bibliographic data. The ANNs tested are: the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART 1), a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), and a...

  5. La cartographie géomorphologique au Liban. Inventaire et perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Michael F. Davie

    1980-01-01

    Plus de 60 cartes et croquis géomorphologiques publiés et non publiés, couvrant divers secteurs du Liban ont été examinés et leur contenu étudié. Des propositions concernant la finalité de la cartographie géomorphologique au Liban, ainsi que le problème des échelles et des légendes sont présentés. Deux cartes en hors-texte précisent l'état de la couverture cartographique jusqu'en 1979.

  6. [Introduction to a social cartography: the journal Revista de Saúde Pública, 1967 to 1977].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Maurici Tadeu Ferreira Dos; Gomes, Mara Helena de Andréa; Silveira, Cássio

    2016-01-26

    Through reliance on a social cartography method based on Karl Mannheim's sociology of knowledge, the article analyzes the first ten issues of Revista de Saúde Pública, published by the University of São Paulo. Articles and editorials are mapped in order to understand the period's transformations. In the realm of the journal's editorial line, tensions are noted between complying with the principles of the institution and international transformations, which demanded an openness to interdisciplinary topics. Special focus is placed on sub-fields, dominated by an epidemiology that was in flux as it absorbed new knowledge in the context of the formation of the field of public health. PMID:27276044

  7. Cartography of the Latin American City. Foundation of the Colonial Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Landaeta Mardones

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Latin American city is the realization of a European model of thought and customary practices that was used as an instrument of order during the process of colonization of the lands discovered in the New World. The article presents a cartography of the Latin American city, considering three aspects: a the foundation of cities, b the city during the Colonial period, and c the critique of the representations that support city institutions. The objective is to show the genesis of the urban model and its implementation, as well as the birth of a new representation that questions the means through which it was realized.

  8. Anthony Jenkinson’s unique wall map of Russia (1562) and its influence on European cartography

    OpenAIRE

    Szykuła, Krystyna

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with the only extant copy of the newly found map of Russia of 1562 purchased for the Wroclaw University Library cartographic collection and covering the eastern end of Europe. The map under consideration is the result of first travels of Englishmen searching for the route to China in the 16th century. The original Jenkinson map rediscovered in 1987 was exhibited for the first time in a poster session of the 13th International Conference on the History of Cartography in Amster...

  9. Sodobni problemi aplikacije geografije v tematski kartografiji = Thematic cartography as a geographical application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drago Perko

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A thematic map may be a geographical application (tool in itself or thebasis for some other geographical work. The development of Slovene thematiccartography accelerated considerably following the independence of thecountry in 1991. From the viewpoint of content and technology, its greatestachievements are the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia and the National Atlasof Slovenia, which are outstanding achievements at the international leveland of great significance for the promotion of Slovenia and Slovenegeography and cartography. However, this rapid development has beenaccompanied by numerous problems, for example, the ignoring of variousSlovene and international conventions for the preparation of maps includingUnited Nations resolutions, Slovene and international (SIST ISO, andcopyright laws.

  10. The creation in question: a brief cartography of a theoretical course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tais Rodrigues Dassoler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of discussions produced during a theoretical course aboutcreativity in advertising. Instead of teaching how to create, the proposal of the course was to question what characterizes creation. Departing from this question, the route of a theoretical cartography is presented, trough the deconstruction of the idea of creation, the advertising device is shown in its creative demands. Mobilizing different theoretical perspectives, the text approaches creativity’s myth when problematizes the concept of authorship and presents creation as becomings produced by the very advertising device.

  11. Knowledge domains cartography of the radiopharmacy center of IPEN - A case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Management of resources is effective only when the object is known in terms of their relevance, demand, availability, repositories and other pertinent characteristics that can influence its administration. Knowledge Management is not different and, in this case, knowledge mapping identifies resources, characterizes their attributes and repositories. An evaluation of this knowledge is also necessary in order to have a coherent Knowledge Management strategy that guarantees the continuity and the development of this resource according to the objectives and goals of the organization in terms of its vision of future. Evaluation allows measuring the critical character of the knowledge sources, facilitating the identification of those likely to add value and those that present risks the organization survival. This kind of diagnostic makes clear the Knowledge Management objectives and, consequently, unveil solutions that correspond to the organization's needs (capitalization and preservation; sharing, appropriation and knowledge creation). There are several ways to organize and to represent the knowledge resources of an organization. The approach here is a conceptual classification, that organizes the knowledge in a Cartography according to subjects, themes or purposes of common knowledge and it shows the decomposition of the activities of an organization under the point of view of knowledge domains. This model was used by Ermine. A Knowledge Management Project was applied in the Radiopharmacy Center (CR) of the Nuclear and Energetic Research Institute (IPEN), organ of the Nuclear Energy National Commission (CNEN) according to methodology following described. 1. CR was studied under the logic of its processes and its interfaces, considered as a Strategic Business Unit inside of the possible limits of a unit of IPEN. The macro processes of CR were identified from the analyze of the Quality Management documentation (Integrated Management Norms, Operational Procedures, Work

  12. GIS and Cartography: An Introductory Overview; Breve Introduccion a la Cartografia y a los Sistemas de Informacion Geografica (SIG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez, J. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    This Technical Report concerns to some relevant concepts in Cartography and GIS. We will define terms and functions as scale , projection, cartographic syntaxes. We'll specify some Geographic Information, formats, sources... Finally, We will study about GIS applications and, special, how CIEMAT is working with that, and what is the future of this technology. (Author) 71 refs.

  13. Fonds et tréfonds dans la cartographie minière américaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available À l'époque coloniale, le plan des grandes mines est dessiné de façon plus figurative que symbolique. Au XIXe siècle, le cadastre minier trace les contours des multiples concessions. Aujourd'hui les techniques modernes simplifient une cartographie qui se précise au service du grand capital.

  14. Poetic Cartography

    OpenAIRE

    Lycett, Rob

    2009-01-01

    A creative writing and mapping workshop that explored the area around the old packhorse bridge in Hebden Bridge. Participants were guided in writing short poetic works that respond to surveys of the site. Voice recording became part of a projected audio visual artwork. Presented as part of the Hebden Bridge Arts Festival Fringe, 2009.

  15. Comptabilité et cartographie : apports d'une métaphore

    OpenAIRE

    Chatelain-Ponroy, Stéphanie; Vidal, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Nonobstant l'utilisation répandue de l'expression "langage comptable", la comptabilité ne répond pas à toutes les caractéristiques attribuées à un langage par les linguistes. Elle n'est en effet pas un moyen de communication général, et il n'existe pas de langue comptable orale au-delà du vocabulaire spécialisé, du jargon d'experts. Une autre branche de la sémiologie retient l'attention de celui qui cherche à donner une définition imagée de la comptabilité : la cartographie. Alors que la méta...

  16. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Le Guyader

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France, difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique, le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de passagers est identifié, quantifié et cartographié pour une année.

  17. Anti-Machiavellian Rancière: Aesthetic Cartography, Sites of Incommensurability and Processes of Experimentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Fjeld

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I argue that Rancière’s philosophy is anti-Machiavellian in the sense that his distinction between police and politics is not an originary division, but rather a gap in the sensible fabric of society. He thus moves from politics as a theory of agency to an aesthetic cartography of situations. It is a question of mapping the emergence of a political problem within a singular situation, and the ethics of such mapping is the insistence on the irreducible contingency of an existential choice of the problem. I will elaborate some new concepts (“sites of incommensurability,” “experimentation,” “fragmentation of social space” and specify how the three logics of identification, dis-identification, and over-identification are three ways of constructing and dealing with situated problems.

  18. Cartographie fine d'un gène et clonage positionnel

    OpenAIRE

    Eggen, Andre

    2000-01-01

    Le clonage positionnel consiste à identifier un gène d’intérêt à partir de la seule connaissance de sa localisation chromosomique. Cette stratégie est utilisée lorsqu’il n’existe aucun gène candidat évident ou aucun défaut biochimique spécifique. Elle comprend une localisation primaire, faite généralement par une analyse de liaison classique, puis une cartographie fine de la région d’intérêt permettant de réduire progressivement l’intervalle critique contenant le gène, d’identifier un ensembl...

  19. Observation spatiale et SIG: des outils pour cartographier les zones sensibles aux mouvements de terrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Yves SCANVIC

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les niveaux de sensibilité des sols aux mouvements de terrain ont été cartographiés dans différents bassins de risques en Bolivie, en Colombie et à Taïwan, selon une méthodologie développée au BRGM et fondée en partie sur l’extraction visuelle et numérique d’informations contenues dans les données de télédétection spatiale stéréoscopiques et leur gestion-valorisation dans un SIG. Ces cartes font apparaître l’intérêt de l’imagerie Spot pour la gestion du risque naturel.

  20. La cartographie des habitats terrestres du réseau Natura 2000 en Bretagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Hardegen

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La directive européenne Habitats-Faune-Flore (1992 prévoit, pour les sites d'intérêt communautaire du futur réseau Natura 2000, la réalisation d'inventaires et de cartographies standardisés des habitats naturels et semi-naturels. Faute de références générales, la DIREN Bretagne a fait réaliser un cahier des charges pour l'ensemble des acteurs impliqués. Cette démarche vise à une harmonisation des méthodes utilisées dans l'ensemble du réseau régional Natura 2000.

  1. ArCEs - A digital archive of Italian Colonial Cartography and Scientific Expeditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Calloud

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ArcCEs is a study for developing a digital archive about Italian scientific expeditions in Northern and Eastern Africa and the former Italian colonies (19th-20th century. The aim of the project is to assess, protect and enhance an important corpus of documents (historical cartographies, photographs, scientific papers and archive documents distributed in public archives and private collections. The database structure is based on Dublin Core metadata standard. The information system is designed to integrate and make interoperable digital resources, to ensure standardized and complex indexing, to support advanced retrieval, according to the standards in use. The geolocation of the resources in a GIS environment can display query results in Google Earth environment.

  2. Cartography of flood hazard by overflowing rivers using hydraulic modeling and geographic information system: Oued El Harrach case (North of Algeria)

    OpenAIRE

    S. W. Astite; A. Medjerab; N.-E. Belabid; N. El Mahmouhi; M. El Wartiti; S. Kemmou

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is the management of flood risk through the use of cartography of flood hazards by overflowing rivers. This cartography is developed using modern simulation tools namely the hydraulic model (HECRAS) as well as the Geographic Information System (ArcGis). The study concerns Oued El Harrach (North of Algeria) surrounding area which has been subject to several floods causing significant human and material damage. This loss is a consequence of the use flood zones as ha...

  3. Détermination de cartographies des pénétrations en soudage par laser YAG

    OpenAIRE

    Grevey, D.; Andrzejewski, H.; Boudot, C.

    1994-01-01

    Il a été possible d'établir des cartographies permettant de déterminer la pénétration obtenue dans un matériau donné et ce en fonction de quatre paramètres : la puissance moyenne, la fluence, l'irradiance et la durée d'interaction laser-matière. Ces cartographies sont établies à partir d'un calcul numérique monodimensionnel de transfert thermique prenant en compte l'effet de la pression de radiation des photons. Ensuite les évolutions calculées ont été validées expérimentalement grâce à des e...

  4. The suitability of a topographical instrument for an integrated approach to the cartography of posidonia-oceanica meadows

    OpenAIRE

    Calvo, S.; Orestano, Cf; Abbadessa, P

    1993-01-01

    A large-scale map of the phytobenthic communities and, in particular, of the Posidonia oceanica meadow in the Bay of Mondello (Palermo, Italy) was made. The map was set up from aerial photography, which was verified by divers along ground-lines. The upper limit of the underwater vegetation, with special reference to the Posidonia oceanica meadow, was accurately located using a geodimeter. This topographical instrument proved to be very useful in realizing such cartography.

  5. A New Era in Geodesy and Cartography: Implications for Landing Site Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, T. C.

    2001-01-01

    The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) global dataset has ushered in a new era for Mars local and global geodesy and cartography. These data include the global digital terrain model (Digital Terrain Model (DTM) radii), the global digital elevation model (Digital Elevation Model (DEM) elevation with respect to the geoid), and the higher spatial resolution individual MOLA ground tracks. Currently there are about 500,000,000 MOLA points and this number continues to grow as MOLA continues successful operations in orbit about Mars, the combined processing of radiometric X-band Doppler and ranging tracking of MGS together with millions of MOLA orbital crossover points has produced global geodetic and cartographic control having a spatial (latitude/longitude) accuracy of a few meters and a topographic accuracy of less than 1 meter. This means that the position of an individual MOLA point with respect to the center-of-mass of Mars is know to an absolute accuracy of a few meters. The positional accuracy of this point in inertial space over time is controlled by the spin rate uncertainty of Mars which is less than 1 km over 10 years that will be improved significantly with the next landed mission.

  6. LIBS for tokamak plasma facing components characterisation: Perspectives on in situ tritium cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semerok, A.; Grisolia, C.

    2013-08-01

    Feasibility of in situ LIBS remote measurements with the plasma facing components (PFCs) from the European tokamaks (TORE SUPRA, CEA Cadarache, France and TEXTOR, Julich, Germany) has been studied in laboratory using Q-switched nanosecond Nd-YAG lasers. LIBS particular properties and optimal parameters were determined for in-depth PFCs characterisation. The LIBS method was in situ tested on the Joint European Torus (JET) in the UK with the EDGE LIDAR Laser System (Ruby laser, 3 J, 690 nm wavelength, 300 ps pulse duration, intensity up to 70 GW/cm2). Several analytical spectral lines of H, CII, CrI, and BeII in plasma were observed and identified in 400-600 nm spectral range with the optimised LIBS and detection system. The LIBS in-depth cartography is in agreement with the surface properties of the tile under analysis, thus confirming feasibility of in situ LIBS. Further LIBS technique improvements required to provide tritium concentration measurements more accurately are discussed.

  7. Perception of colour scales used in thematic cartography by young people aged 15-17

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbora Musilová

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available There are many different types of datasets represented by maps in thematic cartography. It is possible to represent features and phenomenon referencing to area as well as to point. Furthermore, it is possible to represent qualitative data as well as quantitative data. There are many different ways to represent them. One of the most important and most used cartographic symbols of lettering is colour, resp. colour scales, which are chosen according to shown data. This article is focused on the perception of colour scales in relation to character of data. For experiment, a new questionnaire was created on the basis of colour scales classification. This questionnaire was posed to the students of years 1 and 2 of high school in order to find out how they perceive the colour scales. The study analyzes three main questions; whether students differentiate qualitative and quantitative datasets and corresponding colour scales, whether they prefer representing of features by context colours or by the colour they like more and whether they are familiar with principles of diverging colour scales. When processing it, the correlation between certain agents and the answers was established.

  8. Comparative Multi-Epitope-Ligand-Cartography reveals essential immunological alterations in Barrett's metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertram Wiedenmann

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Barrett's esophagus (BE is caused by gastroesophageal reflux with consecutive mucosal inflammation, predisposing patients to the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC. We investigated changes in T cell-related mucosal combinatorial molecular protein patterns in both diseases using the novel Multi-Epitope-Ligand-Cartography, a unique robotic whole-cell imaging technology that simultaneously visualizes dozens of proteins in structurally intact tissues and correlates cellular localization of proteins with function. Results Biopsies were taken during endoscopy from BE, EAC, and normal control tissue, and proteomic microscopy was performed on 32 different epitopes. When the significance level was set to p For example, the number of activated apoptotic naïve and memory T cells was significantly increased only in BE, whereas the number of activated apoptotic helper and regulatory T cells was significantly elevated in BE and EAC. In contrast, the number of activated apoptotic cytotoxic T cells was significantly elevated only in EAC. Confirming different pathways in BE and EAC, the number of T lymphocytes with p53 expression and downregulation of bcl2 expression (CD3+p53+Bcl2-NfkB- was significantly increased in EAC compared to BE and controls. Interestingly, the number of precursor T cells (CD7+ was significantly elevated only in EAC. These cells lack Bax and caspase-8, suggesting impaired apoptosis in the early stages of T cell differentiation. Conclusion Proteomic analysis showed for the first time that proteins, which are critically involved in the mucosal immune system of the esophagus, are distinctly expressed in BE and EAC, whereas others are comparably altered in both diseases, suggesting that many pathogenic events might be shared by both diseases. Topological proteomic analysis, therefore, helps us to understand the different pathogenic events in the underlying disease pathways.

  9. Mapping archaeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from Potaissa to Napoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORIN FODOREAN

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Mapping archeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from potaissa to Napoca. We aim to analyze and correct several archaeological and historical data regarding some settlements included in an official document, issued by the Ministry of Culture from Romania, entitled the List of Historical Monuments (Lista Monumentelor Istorice / LMI. We focused our attention on the Roman road from Potaissa to Napoca, the main imperial road of Dacia. We described the route of the Roman road and corrected the old information in the list of historical monuments regarding the discoveries within the territory of the village of Aiton. Methodologically, we used data from the old literature, the modern Austro-Hungarian maps from the XVIIIth and the XIXth centuries, information from regional gazetteers and different journals. We aimed to offer new insights regarding the accurate location of these settlements and to debate upon the spatial relations of these settlements and their position within the landscape of Dacia. At the beginning of the study, we presented the present situation concerning the databases in Romania covering archaeological sites. The second part of our study discusses how the archaeological sites are recorded in the list of historical monuments. Then we offered several case studies This type of methodological approach will be applied in the future for other areas, in order to reconstruct the former landscape of the province of Dacia, as accurately as possible, using digital tools and modern maps. Our contribution also improved the quality of the data sets used for the topographical descriptions of archaeological sites in Romania.

  10. Spatial analysis of hydrological and phytoplanktonic data of the Bay of Tunis. Multivariate cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.B. HAMADOU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A method of cartography originally used in geology was adapted to generate regionalization and to obtain 2-D maps of multivariate marine data. The ecological purpose of the method is to divide the studied area through homogeneous regions presenting common multivariate characteristics. Firstly, transformation was applied to the original matrix of hydrological parameters in order to satisfy the condition of multinormality. Then, associative analysis was used in order to produce an easy to interpret partition of sites. The level of heterogeneity between each station and the properties of each group was assessed by measuring the Bayesian probabilities. These conditional probabilities measure the chance that each site has of belonging to a predefined group of sites. Based on the geographical positions of the stations, the probability values for each group of stations were mapped using kriging interpolation algorithm. The obtained maps of iso-probabilities for the different groups of stations were used to define homogenous zones on a single map. Including the phytoplanktonic dataset afterwards, the indicator species were identified for each zone.This multivariate analysis was applied to a hydrological and phytoplanktonic dataset of the Bay of Tunis. Measures at surface were made at 17 stations, sampled monthly over 2 years. The results illustrated a partition of the bay considering four groups, two coastal and two central groups of stations. The importance of the inshore influence was demonstrated in the setting up of such a regionalization through the inflow of alluvium and other products of coastal activities. The significant presence of the toxic phytoplanktonic community in the bay suggests the need to institute a monitoring program.

  11. Characterization and cartography of topsoil hydraulic properties in a French mountainous peri-urban catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Braud, I.; Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Dehotin, J.; Branger, F.; Lagouy, M.

    2009-04-01

    Due to the increase of urbanization and modification of agricultural practices, peri-urban areas experiment a quick change in land use. The impact of such change on the catchment hydrological cycle must be quantified. To achieve this goal, distributed hydrological models offer the ability to take into account land use change, and more specifically its effect on surface infiltration capacity. A distributed assessment of infiltration properties and their variability at the catchment scale is thus of great importance if accurate simulation of the water balance are expected on such catchments. This paper presents a field campaign conducted in a 7 km2 peri-urban catchment, located in the "Mont du Lyonnais" area, close to the city of Lyon (France) in order to document the topsoil hydraulic properties. The sampling strategy was set up in order to sample the largest number of soil/land use combinations. The locations were chosen from a GIS analysis based on the overlapping of the pedology and land use maps, and accessibility consideration. At each location, two types of infiltration tests were performed: infiltration tests under suction using mini-disk infiltrometers and single ring infiltration tests under positive head. Three replicates were performed for each method. Particle size data and organic matter analysis were also conducted at each location. Results will be discussed in terms of soil hydraulic properties and particle size data statistics. Relationship with external factors such as pedological unit, land use, slope, texture will be explored. Preliminary results show that forest and pasture soils exhibit the highest hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity. In order to provide models with values at the modelling unit scale (field and/or sub-catchment scale), existing pedotransfer function will be assessed and if necessary calibrated using the local measurements. Finally a methodology for the cartography of the soil hydraulic properties will be proposed.

  12. Computer-assisted cartography using topographic properties: precision and accuracy of local soil maps in central Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Cruz-Cárdenas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Map units directly related to properties of soil-landscape are generated by local soil classes. Therefore to take into consideration the knowledge of farmers is essential to automate the procedure. The aim of this study was to map local soil classes by computer-assisted cartography (CAC, using several combinations of topographic properties produced by GIS (digital elevation model, aspect, slope, and profile curvature. A decision tree was used to find the number of topographic properties required for digital cartography of the local soil classes. The maps produced were evaluated based on the attributes of map quality defined as precision and accuracy of the CAC-based maps. The evaluation was carried out in Central Mexico using three maps of local soil classes with contrasting landscape and climatic conditions (desert, temperate, and tropical. In the three areas the precision (56 % of the CAC maps based on elevation as topographical feature was higher than when based on slope, aspect and profile curvature. The accuracy of the maps (boundary locations was however low (33 %, in other words, further research is required to improve this indicator.

  13. Global shape estimates and GIS cartography of Io and Enceladus using new control point network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadezhdina, I.; Patraty, V.; Shishkina, L.; Zhukov, D.; Zubarev, A.; Karachevtseva, I.; Oberst, J.

    2012-04-01

    analysis for small planetary bodies by means of the software «PHOTOMOD» is fast and efficient. Using the new control points and shape models of the satellites we are currently preparing new maps of Io and Enceladus using GIS tools. For parts of the surface for which we have quality stereo-images we will produce DEMs and orthoimages, which will be shown at the conference. Acknowledgments: This research was funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (MEGA-GRANT, Project name: "Geodesy, cartography and the study of planets and satellites", contract No. 11.G34.31.0021).

  14. O olhar da psicologia no abrigo: uma cartografia The eye of psychology on shelters: a cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília de Castro e Marques

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho investiga os modos de subjetivação em um núcleo de abrigos residenciais de proteção à infância e adolescência do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, buscando perceber as possibilidades de atuação da psicologia que propiciem a expansão da vida dos abrigados de modo singular e criativo. A cartografia foi utilizada como método de investigação, e assim traçou-se um mapa que contempla as instâncias individuais, coletivas e institucionais envolvidas na constituição desse território. Encontramos atravessamentos da lógica disciplinar que tende a produzir sujeitos massificados junto à exacerbação dos fenômenos contemporâneos de enfraquecimento de laços, enfraquecimento da função simbólica e enfraquecimento da reflexão tanto individual quanto coletiva, acompanhados de manifestações de violência. Perante essa realidade, as práticas de grupo mostraram-se uma estratégia potente por possibilitarem aos sujeitos a expressão coletiva de suas questões como uma alternativa a soluções individualizantes.The present study verifies the forms of subjectivity in a nucleus of residential shelters for protection of childhood and adolescence in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We aimed at grasping possible performances of psychology in the expansion of the lives of the sheltered youth in a singular and creative way. Cartography was used as an investigative method, and we drew a map considering the individual, the collective, and the institutional instances comprising this realm. We observed influences of the disciplinary logic that tends to produce stereotyped individuals, along with the exacerbation of contemporary phenomena such as the weakening of bonds, the weakening of symbolic functions, the weakening of both collective and individual reflection, followed by acts of violence. Facing this reality, the group exercises proved to be a strong strategy as they enabled the individuals to express their questions

  15. Geodesy and cartography methods of exploration of the outer planetary systems: Galilean satellites and Enceladus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubarev, Anatoliy; Kozlova, Natalia; Kokhanov, Alexander; Oberst, Jürgen; Nadezhdina, Irina; Patraty, Vyacheslav; Karachevtseva, Irina

    elements of external orientation, provides new image processing of previous missions to outer planetary system. Using Photomod software (http://www.racurs.ru/) we have generated a new control point network in 3-D and orthomosaics for Io, Ganymede and Enceladus. Based on improved orbit data for Galileo we have used larger numbers of images than were available before, resulting in a more rigid network for Ganymede. The obtained results will be used for further processing and improvement of the various parameters: body shape parameters and shape modeling, libration, as well as for studying of the surface interesting geomorphological phenomena, for example, distribution of bright and dark surface materials on Ganymede and their correlations with topography and slopes [6]. Acknowledgments: The Ganymede study was partly supported by ROSKOSMOS and Space Research Institute under agreement № 36/13 “Preliminary assessment of the required coordinate and navigation support for selection of landing sites for lander mission “Laplace” and partly funding by agreement № 11-05-91323 for “Geodesy, cartography and research satellites Phobos and Deimos” References: [1] Nadezhdina et al. Vol. 14, EGU2012-11210, 2012. [2] Zhukov et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [3] Zubarev et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [4] Lazarev et al. Izvestia VUZov. 2012, No 6, pp. 9-11 http://miigaik.ru/journal.miigaik.ru/2012/20130129120215-2593.pdf (in Russian). [5] Kokhanov et al. Current problems in remote sensing of the Earth from space. 2013. Vol. 10. No 4. pp. 136-153. http://d33.infospace.ru/d33_conf/sb2013t4/136-153.pdf (in Russian). [6] Oberst et al., 2013 International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space

  16. Cartographie sémantico-lexicale et histoire des filiations étymologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Nicolas de Surmont

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: No presente artigo propomos um análise genético-morfológica do étimo cantio até a estabilização na forma chanson. Entre o baixo latim e o francês arcaico podemos observar hesitações gráficas de tal manera que uma confusão semântico-morfológica se criou entre as formas canso y chanson: a primera pode ser considerada como a forma occitana da segunda e não como um gênero poético independente. Esta hesitação gráfica comporta ambigüidades semânticas na Idade Média pelo menos. Neste artigo analisaremos as diferentes acepções da palavra chanson em um corpus de dicionários de língua francesa.Palavras-chave: Etimologia; francês arcaico; chanson; canso.Résumé: Dans le présent article nous proposerons une analyse de génétique morphologique partant de l’étymon cantio jusqu’à l’usage stabilisé de la forme chanson. Entre le bas latin et l’ancien français des hésitations graphiques sont observées de telle manière qu’une confusion sémantico-morphologique a existé entre les formes canso et chanson l’un pouvant n’être que la forme occitane de l’autre ou plutôt un genre poétique à part entière. Cette hésitation graphique comporte donc des ambiguïtés sémantiques, au Moyen-Âge du moins. En dressant une cartographie sémantique du lexème chanson, nous analyserons les différentes acceptions du mot dans un corpus de dictionnaires de langue française.Mots-clés: Étymologie; ancien français; chanson; canso.Resumen: En el presente artículo proponemos un análisis genético morfológico del etymon cantio hasta la estabilización en la forma chanson. Entre el bajo latín y el antiguo francés podemos observar hesitaciones gráficas de tal manera que una confusión semántica-morfológica se ha creado entre las formas canso y chanson la primera puede ser considerada como la forma occitana de la segunda y no como un género poético independiente. Esta hesitación gráfica comporta ambig

  17. Estimation et cartographie de la vulnérabilité des aquifères en milieu forestier

    OpenAIRE

    Thüler, Lorienne; Brunner, Philip; Zwahlen, François

    2014-01-01

    L’étude de la vulnérabilité des aquifères est un outil précieux pour les protéger contre les pollutions. Ainsi préservés, ces derniers peuvent être exploités pour l’approvisionnement en eau potable, sans devoir subir de traitement. C’est pourquoi de nombreuses méthodes de cartographie de la vulnérabilité des eaux souterraines ont été développées, comme EPIK et DRASTIC. Toutefois, ces méthodes ne considèrent pas les aspects spécifiques à l’écosystème forestier. Il s’agit là d’une lacune majeur...

  18. Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit

    CERN Document Server

    Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

    2010-01-01

    We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

  19. Solutions de localisation des systèmes mobiles de cartographie en environnements structurés

    OpenAIRE

    Narayana, Keerthi

    2011-01-01

    La localisation automatique est une fonctionnalité importante des systèmes de cartographie mobiles (Mobile Mapping Systems, MMS). La présente thèse présente des solutions complémentaires aux méthodes de localisation utilisées actuellement dans un système MMS terrestre, qui utilise des récepteurs GPS et des centrales à inertie (Inertial Measurement Units, IMU). Un post-traitement, par lissage des données, permet d'améliorer les cartes 3D générées par un MMS. Cette approche est cependant insuff...

  20. Contribution of branch of the Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority of the Slovak Republic to the construction of information society in the Slovak Republic and in the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper authors deals with responsibilities of the Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority of the Slovak Republic in building of information society in the Slovak Republic and in the European Union

  1. Cartographie prévisionnelle des sols sensibles à la sécheresse en France: un outil d'information préventive

    OpenAIRE

    Toulemont, Marcel; Cojean, Roger; Jean-Pierre FACCENDINI

    1994-01-01

    La cartographie des sols sensibles à la sécheresse, établie à partir de l’analyse des dommages causés aux constructions par l’événement climatique 1989-1992, montre que les risques qui peuvent en résulter doivent être pris en compte sur une grande partie du territoire de la France métropolitaine urbanisé et urbanisable.

  2. Cartographie prévisionnelle des sols sensibles à la sécheresse en France: un outil d'information préventive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel TOULEMONT

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie des sols sensibles à la sécheresse, établie à partir de l’analyse des dommages causés aux constructions par l’événement climatique 1989-1992, montre que les risques qui peuvent en résulter doivent être pris en compte sur une grande partie du territoire de la France métropolitaine urbanisé et urbanisable.

  3. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle – A Tool for Acquiring Spatial Data for Research and Commercial Purposes. New Course in the Geography and Cartography Curriculum in Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    J. Jeziorska

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the syllabus for the innovative course "Unmanned aerial observations of Terrain" introduced to the curriculum by the Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). It indicates the objectives of the new subject, its didactic purpose, methods used in the teaching process, specifications of teaching materials, and the knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire. Finally, it presents the content of the course and d...

  4. Cartographies des temps de relaxation T2 sur des images IRM par la méthode de maximisation d'entropie

    OpenAIRE

    Henry, G.

    2015-01-01

    The signals in MRI are multi-exponential decreases and the relaxation time constants provide many information on the tissues. The cartographies of those constants allow one to spatially analyze the aliments. The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is usually used to nd the values of the constants. The maximum entropy method present several advantage compare to the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The number of exponential components is not set and the algorithm is not initialized. The goal is to e...

  5. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - A Tool for Acquiring Spatial Data for Research and Commercial Purposes. New Course in the Geography and Cartography Curriculum in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeziorska, J.

    2014-04-01

    This paper describes the syllabus for the innovative course "Unmanned aerial observations of Terrain" introduced to the curriculum by the Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). It indicates the objectives of the new subject, its didactic purpose, methods used in the teaching process, specifications of teaching materials, and the knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire. Finally, it presents the content of the course and description of lesson units. The subject will be obligatory for graduate students majoring in Geography, who are participants in the Geoinformatics and Cartography Master's program. Thirty-eight hours in a summer semester has been earmarked for the course. That includes 30 hours of instructor-guided laboratory and fieldtrip work, and 8 hours of individual work. The course aims to prepare future geographers to conduct a multi-step process that includes defining the purpose of using UAV in light of the chosen research problem, preparation of the mission, flight execution; geoprocessing of acquired aerial imagery; generation of cartomertic final products, and analysis of outcomes in order to answer the initially asked research question. This comprehensive approach will allow students, future experts in the field of geoinformatics and cartography, to gain the skills needed to acquire spatial data using an UAV, process them, and apply the results of their analysis in practice.

  6. Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaranta Herrero

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past twenty years, agricultural biotechnologies have generated chronically unresolved political controversies. The standard tool of risk assessment has proven to be highly limited in its ability to address the panoply of concerns that exist about these hybrid techno/organisms. It has also failed to account for both the conceptual and material networks of relations agricultural biotechnologies require, create and/or perform. This paper takes as a starting point that agricultural biotechnologies cannot be usefully assessed as isolated technological entities but need to be evaluated within the context of the broader socio-ecological system that they embody and engender. The paper then explores, compares and contrasts some of the methodological tools available for advancing this systems-based perspective. The article concludes by outlining a new synthesis approach of comparative cartographies of agri/cultures generated through multi-sited ethnographic case-studies, which is proposed as a way to generate system maps and enable the comparison of genetically modified (GM food with both conventional and alternative agri-food networks for sustainability assessment. The paper aims to make a unique theoretical and methodological contribution by advancing a systems-based approach to conceptualising and assessing genetically modified organisms (GMOs and proposing a synthesised methodology for mapping networks of relations across different agri/cultures.

  7. The global image of the Moon obtained by the Chang’E-1:Data processing and lunar cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The global lunar image of the first phase of Chinese Lunar Exploration Program is the first image that covered all over the surface of the Moon. It will serve as a critical foundation for succeeding exploration and scientific research. In this paper, the acquisition, characteristics, and data quality of Chang’E-1 CCD image data are described in detail. Also described are the methodology and procedure of data processing. According to rule of planetary cartography, the image data have been processed, geometrically corrected, and then mosaicked and merged in a scale of 1:2.5 million. The results of data processing and charting show that the image data of Chang’E-1 CCD and their geometric precision meet the demand of charting a map in the scale of 1:2.5 million. The relative geometric positioning precision of the global image is better than 240 m, and the absolute geometric positioning precision is slightly better than that of the ULCN2005 and Clementine lunar basemap (V2.0). The plane positioning precision is approximately 100-1500 m. This global image proves to be the best global image of the Moon so far in terms of space coverage, image quality, and positioning precision.

  8. New geoscience techniques for Earth and planetary studies developed in Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayorov, Andrey; Karachevtseva, Irina; Oberst, Jürgen

    2015-04-01

    The University was established in 1779 and for all these years it has been the centre of higher geodetic education in Russia, the largest specialized educational institution of this profile in Europe. The great historical past, long pedagogical and scientific traditions developed throughout almost the two and a half centuries' history of the University, importance of geodetic sciences and land survey branch for many fields of knowledge and national economy, a wide range of specialties in which MIIGAiK trains specialists have given the University the leading position as a specialized higher educational institution [1]. Now, the University is a large educational-and-scientific and production complex including six faculties of full-time training, a faculty of distance learning, a Training Centre for teachers of high schools and retraining of experts, postgraduate and doctoral courses, educational specialized laboratories in various directions of geodesy, cartography and remote sensing. In the University structure, there are also research-and-production centers Geodynamics, Geomonitoring, a Center for satellite technologies in geodesy, a Cartographic centre, Geodesy and Air Photography Journal Publishing House, two educational test fields, computing centers, an educational-and-geodetic museum and a library. New MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory (MExLab) [2], which was established in 2010 under the leadership of invited scientist Prof. Dr. Jürgen Oberst (DLR, TUB, Germany), studies of characteristics of Solar System bodies with geodetic and cartographic methods. The several celestial bodies are chosen as subjects for new planetary project: Europa, Ganymede, Callisto (Galilean satellites of Jupiter), and Enceladus (a satellite of Saturn), as well as the Moon, Mars, its satellite Phobos, and Mercury. The significance of the project objectives is defined both by necessity of gaining fundamental knowledge about properties of the Solar System bodies, and practical needs

  9. The Baltic and the birth of a modern English maritime community: the Muscovy Company and nautical cartography, 1553-1665

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alistair Maeer

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available English merchants and navigators began developing their skills in the late sixteenth century to reach Baltic shores and in the process birthed a distinct English nautical charting tradition which continued to service and reflect English interests for over a century. Specifically, the efforts of the Muscovy Company and the emergence of a distinct master-apprentice relationship of chart makers within the Drapers’ Company instigated the emergence of a modern maritime community in England replete with the financial structures, ships, and skills necessary to encompass the globe. As a result of various setbacks in the late-sixteenth century, English merchants and mariners shifted from coastal trading ventures to direct long-distance overseas commerce. This transformation was initiated through the efforts of the Muscovy Company and its accompanying introduction of marine charts for navigating distant shores. The introduction and expansion of direct long-distance overseas trade and modern navigational techniques then spurred the creation of a domestic charting industry to service these English navigational needs, the Thames School of English marine charting. Born out of a close association with English commerce to the Baltic, members of the Thames School continued to produce nautical charts of the globe that reflected ever-expanding English interests until the early-eighteenth century. This paper argues that trade to and from the Baltic acted as a proving ground, the venue, within which both the origins of English long-distant overseas trade and nautical cartography emerged—two fundamentally necessary components for the Empire which followed.

  10. Cartographie participative autochtone et réappropriation culturelle et territoriale. L’exemple des Lil’wat  en Colombie-Britannique (Canada)

    OpenAIRE

    Glon, Éric

    2013-01-01

    La cartographie participative n’a cessé de se développer chez les peuples autochtones depuis une quarantaine d’années. Cet exercice ne se borne pas à la réalisation de cartes. Il est un exercice anthropologique qui permet entre autres la réappropriation des héritages d’une culture jadis très territorialisée et leur transmission aux jeunes générations comme le montre l’exemple des « Lil’wat  » en Colombie-Britannique

  11. Research and Development Work Carried out by the Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Measurement and Control Systems, Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography WUT - Thematic Scope and Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Edward; Malarski, Ryszard; Prószyński, Witold; Sadowska, Alicja; Woźniak, Marek; Zaczek-Peplinska, Janina

    2016-06-01

    Geodetic engineering surveys are an important part of the works carried out by the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology. These works concern measurement techniques as well as advanced result analysis methods applied in precise industrial surveys and in processes controlling object's behaviour over time. The thematic scope of research realised by Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Control-Measuring Systems shows that article related to geodetic engineering measurements and geodetic monitoring is carried out with high intensity, resulting in technological advancement and implementation of new or improved measurement solutions and methods of measurement result development.

  12. New Materialism: Interviews & Cartographies

    OpenAIRE

    van der Tuin, I.; Dolphijn, R.

    2012-01-01

    This book is the first monograph on the theme of “new materialism,” an emerging trend in 21st century thought that has already left its mark in such fields as philosophy, cultural theory, feminism, science studies, and the arts. The first part of the book contains elaborate interviews with some of the most prominent new materialist scholars of today: Rosi Braidotti, Manuel DeLanda, Karen Barad, and Quentin Meillassoux. The second part situates the new materialist tradition in contemporary tho...

  13. Cartography of architectural controversies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lotz, Katrine

    2009-01-01

    visions can be followed as issues of dispute and investigation in distributed, cognitive processes. This paper is based on studies of the planning a new secondary school, focusing on a spatial concept emerging during the course named ‘The x-zone' - a spatial zone for interaction. Through analytic emphasis...

  14. Information Sources and Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes Internet information sources divided into following three groups: bibliographic databases, citation databases and databases with full texts including electronic journals. Bibliographic databases Bibliographia Cartographica, GEOPHOKA, Scopus and Current Contents (CC are analyzed concerning cartographic content representation. Searching the Current Contents database resulted in data about cartographers with more than 10 papers in CC journals. According to the Web of Science citation database, data are given about the most cited cartographers in papers published during the period between 1955 and the end of 2008 on the condition that each paper was cited at least once between 2000 and 2008. Data are also given about two most cited cartographic papers in the last 50 years. The PERO browser (web service of the Ruđer Bošković Institute was used to make a list of cartographic and related electronic journals and electronic versions of printed journals with full text available to Croatian academic and scientific community.

  15. CARTOGRAPHIES OF ONE’S SCHOOL EXPERIENCE: sense of place an “geographicity” in geography teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Pontes Galvão Filho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From the experience of working with the sense of place and with “geographicity” in middle school, specifically with year niner's classes, we intend, in the present text, to discuss the possibilities and potencialities of working with an existencial geography at the school. For instance, the production of an affective map, the project "Cartographies of one's School Experience" have allowed pedagogic and didactic experimentations for the students to recognise qualitatively the spaces within the school from the perspective of their own experiences. Differently from the geometric space – neutral and indifferent - the geographical spaces have colour, density, height and appear to oneself from one's own experience, memories, remembrances and expectations. Moreover, these spaces are strictly related to the essence and ways of being-in-the-world. The main aim is that the student recognises himself/herself within the spaces; within places that attract or repel them in different intensities. Additionally, it aims to enhance the making of a school geography that brings together the earth (nature and the human element in an ontologic intersubjectivity in order to strengthen the student's efforts towards an autonomous academic development A partir da experiência de trabalhar o sentido de lugar e a geograficidade em aulas de Geografia no nono ano, pretende-se discutir neste texto as possibilidades e potencialidades de trabalhar uma geografia existencial no ensino de Geografia. Nosso objetivo é contribuir com a discussão acerca do papel da Geografia na educação contemporânea, apontando a abordagem fenomenológica como um caminho possível e ainda pouco explorado. A elaboração de um mapa afetivo, uma “Cartografia da Experiência Escolar”, permitiu experimentações didáticas e pedagógicas para que alunos reconhecessem qualitativamente os espaços da escola a partir das suas próprias experiências. Diferentemente do espaço geométrico

  16. Fossils, frogs, floating islands and expanding Earth in changing-radius cartography – A comment to a discussion on Journal of Biogeography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Scalera

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In this short note I have tried to make clear the issues surrounding a recent discussion on changing-radius paleobiogeographical problems of the Pacific Ocean biotic distribution. It is stressed that such an important discussion cannot be developed in the absence of proper cartographic methods that must necessarily introduce an increasing radius parameter, highlighting the effects of a changing curvature in the continental/oceanic plates in their movements from a globe of a given radius to a new position on a globe of different radius. Many other aspects of paleogeography, paleomagnetism, paleoclimate can be faced in a new and more open-mind philosophy and considered in a legitimate additional degree of freedom: globe size increasing. The new increasing-radius Cartography can become of fundamental importance for the advancement of science – not only of Earth sciences.

  17. “Gentlemen in the North of Scotland” or Military and the Ethnic Cartography of the “The Highland Problem”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malkin Stanislav Gennadyevich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the views of the British Military responsible for the pacification of the Scotland Highlands in the first half of the XVIIIth century. The material deals with the representation, interpretation and use of ethnographic information about rebellious country in the process of its ethnic cartography. The article analyses the rhetoric strategies of the texts by the Military and their aims, role and consequences. The author studies the Highland Problem on the basis of data collected by Captain Edward (Edmund Burt and Captain John Barlow in the Highlands of Scotland (taking into account the features of data accumulation process on this subject before and after the last Jacobite Rebellion 1745–1746. The author analyses this material according to the following guides: the evidence provided by most famous commentators on the Scotland Highlands state and on the Highland Problem in particular, the traditions of analyzing official and non-official documentary on the Highland Problem, the sense of active corporative unity that was spread among the militaries during the first half of the XVIIIth century and colonial issues and policies on other imperial margins. The author makes conclusion that the data collected and arranged by captains Burt and Barlow was not sufficient for their research results and rather represented the idea of ideal Highlands of Scotland which should be brought to life after strong social reorganization. Construction of ethnographic situations, invention of ethnographic traditions and search for the possible limits of knowledge about the Highlanders and the Highlands served to make empirical issues more concrete from the administrative point of view and up to the new level of colonial knowledge. In such circumstances ethnic cartography was used to integrate military and political geography and administrative ethnography of the Highland Problem solution.

  18. The contribution of high resolution satellite images to the production of base-maps and cartographies for archaeological research in Turkey and Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scardozzi, Giuseppe

    2009-09-01

    The paper concerns the contribution of high resolution satellite images to the production of base-maps and cartographies for archaeological research, using both during field work and in GIS dedicated to Cultural Heritage. Particularly, some experiences conducted during researches on Turkish and Iraqi archaeological sites are presented, where the use of satellite images was necessary because of both large scale cartographies and aero-photogrammetrical photos are not available. In the case of archaeological surveys in Hierapolis of Phrygia (south-western Turkey) they provided a fundamental tool for the research on the ground and for the analysis and management of data in the archaeological GIS of the territory. Ikonos-2 and QuickBird-2 images were ortho-rectified with the use of GCPs (taken with a differential GPS) and with DEMs and DSMs processed thanks different remote sensing data, radar (SRTM) and optical (Ikonos-2 and ASTER stereo-pairs), for the creation of space-maps and the extraction of cartographical elements: these (hydrology, modern topography, field boundaries, archaeological remains and traces, etc.) were used with the aims of the creation of new maps for archaeological purpose (the orography was extracted from DEMs) and the update of the existing ones. In the case of some ancient sites studied for the contextualization of the objects showed in the Virtual Museum of Iraq, high resolution images of the same satellites (and of WorldView-1) were ortho-rectified without GPCs and used for the creation or the update of the archaeological maps (generally very old), on which plans of excavated structures, recent discoveries, and archaeological traces and paleo-environmental elements were geo-referenced.

  19. Cartographie de l’érosion hydrique en zone montagneuse : cas du bassin versant des Aït Bou Goumez, Haut Atlas, Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abaoui, J.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail présente la cartographie de l’érosion hydrique en zones montagneuses (Haute Atlas, Maroc en se basant sur trois facteurs principaux : la friabilité du substratum rocheux, le degré de pente et la densité du couvert végétal. La carte du potentiel érosif est obtenue par la somme d’indices attribués aux couches thématiques (la friabilité du substratum rocheux, le degré de la pente et la densité du couvert végétal multipliés par le pourcentage de contribution de chaque facteur. Dans un environnement de SIG, les pourcentages de contribution ont été obtenus par itération en se référant à la réalité de terrain. Les pourcentages 50%, 30% et 20% retenus correspondent respectivement à la friabilité du substratum, le degré de la pente et la densité du couvert végétal. Ce travail peut être utilisé pour cartographier le potentiel érosif dans d’autres bassins versant du Haut Atlas central qui présentent des faciès géologiques, une topographie et un couvert végétal similaires à la zone des Aït Bou Goumez.El objetivo de este trabajo es la realizacion de la cartografía de erosión hídrica en zonas montañosas (Alto Atlas, Marruecos, basándose sobre tres principales factores: la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegetal. El mapa del potencial erosivo se obtiene por la suma de índices relativos a las capas temáticas (la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegeta multiplicado por los porcentajes de contribución de cada factor. Estos porcentajes se han obtenido por iteración refériéndose a la realidad del terreno. Los porcentajes 50%, 30% y 20% retenidos corresponden respectivamente a la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegetal. Este trabajo puede ser utilizado para cartografiar el potencial erosivo en otras cuencas de drenaje del Alto Atlas central que

  20. 绝对的地图测绘,或,重返“认知图绘”%Cartographies Of The Absolute, Or, Return To Cognitive Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿尔伯特·托斯卡诺; 李莎; 曹一帆(译)

    2014-01-01

    认知图绘是杰姆逊的术语,这一措辞强调了对政治和实践阐述规划的政治需求。认知图绘的需要从某种程度上说是来自个人与社会“完美比重”的幻想仍旧有待考量,这一美学旗号下产生的理论或许可以使得个人主体和集体看清他们在全球化世界中所处的位置。唯有认识到资本主义与它地理上分化形态的不平均状态,才能避免造成个人与政治要经济、经验与抽象的断裂,从不同形式与层面运用认知图绘,并解决它所带来的问题。%Fredric Jameson employs cartographies of the absolute, with reference to what he calls “the aesthetic of cognitive mapping”. The phrase stressed the political need for its elaboration in both theory and practice. It remains to be ascertained to what degree the very desire for cognitive mapping is haunted by the fantasy of a “perfect ratio” between the personal and the social. The works that would emerge under the banner of this aesthetic would enable individual subjects and collectivities to make their local situation in a globalized world intelligible. Only when the unevenness of capitalism and its geographically-differentiated formations has been focused, can we avoid the disjunction between the personal and the political-economic, experience and abstraction, and overcome the problems of cognitive mapping.

  1. Une méthode pour caractériser et cartographier les interfaces habitat-forêt, un enjeu pour la prévention des incendies de forêt

    OpenAIRE

    Lampin-Maillet, C.; Long, M.; Jappiot, M.

    2008-01-01

    Method to characterize and map wildland-urban interfaces (WUI) in the South of France, definition of WUIs, spatial analysis of dwelling structure and vegetation. Typology of WUI combining vegetation structure and dwelling structure. Link with fire risk. / Méthode de cartographie des interfaces habitat-forêt développée dans le sud de la France dans un contexte de prévention des risques d'incendie de forêt: définition des interfaces, caractérisation de la structure des habitats et de la végétat...

  2. Cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación Cartografias contemporâneas da pesquisa Contemporary Cartographies of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etna Castaño-Giraldo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone, desde una aproximación singular y estética, algunos rasgos para comprender los procesos de formación. Por otra parte, explora ciertas cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación. Articula pensamientos filosóficos del arte, desde donde se va componiendo una relación entre la perspectiva vital y problemática respecto a la composición de las subjetividades y a los modos de relación con el mundo. Teje relaciones entre las prácticas artísticas y pedagógicas, y busca acentuar, en la dimensión existencial y humana, aspectos que creemos que están al margen de los debates actuales educativos y pedagógicos.Neste artigo expõem-se, com uma abordagem singular e estética, alguns aspectos que permitem compreender os processos de formação. Também se exploram algumas cartografias de pesquisa; articulam-se pensamentos filosóficos da arte, desde onde se compõe uma relação entre a perspectiva vital e problemática respeito da composição das subjetividades e os modos de relacionar-se com o mundo; tece relações entre as práticas artísticas e pedagógicas; e procura enfatizar, na dimensão existencial e humana, aspectos que estão à margem dos debates educativos e pedagógicos atuais.This article takes a singular and esthetic look at a variety of features to understand educational processes, in addition to exploring certain contemporary cartographies of research. It articulates philosophical ideas about art, ranging from the development of a relationship between the vital and problematic perspective in terms of the composition of subjectivities, to the ways of relating to the world. It weaves ties between artistic and teaching practices and seeks to emphasize, in the existential and human dimension, the aspects we believe are still at the sidelines of the current debate on education and teaching.

  3. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922) Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo...

  4. LANDS CARTOGRAPHY: A MESOAMERICAN HERITAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pájaro Huertas

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Land maps, like prehispanic mesoamerican maps, do notuse Euclidean projections, which are based on ahumanistic or social projection. The spatial reality inthese maps is defined and structured by socialrelationships. Thus, a land map represents a communityshowing its territory and history, and not only an area likein conventional technical maps. A land map is a“communicentric projection” of the “egocentricperception” of the peasant, and can be defined as theprojection in graphic symbols of the spatial relationshipsabstracted from the knowledge available in cognitivemaps of the environments known by the peasant, ratherthan the result of sophisticated techniques, such as thoseused in soil surveys or remote perception.

  5. Cartography of Controversies about MOOCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalid, Md. Saifuddin; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2015-01-01

    studies (STS) discipline. The method guides the application of actor network theory (ANT). Online digital media and tools (namely, Scopus, ScienceScape, Google trends, OpenHeatMap, NodeXL, Gephi, Facebook, Twitter) are used for data collection and analysis. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative...... tools and techniques to highlight the statements, literatures, actors, cosmoses or general concepts involved in the controversy. The paper propounds the adoption of the method in the field of education and educational technology and proposes through demonstration in this article that such investigations...... can be reported as a genre of the scholarly article....

  6. Cartography – morphology – topology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dinesen, Cort Ross; Peder Pedersen, Claus

    2010-01-01

    I 2004 a Summer School was established on the Greek island of Hydra. The was to be the basis of research-based morphological and topological studies, which have since taken place for 4 weeks of every year. Starting with Hydra’s topography different ways of considering topology were developed. The...... into force-fields and modes of effect. This supple viewpoint sought to create a topology from which to extract experiences reaching beyond the topography of Hydra, and capable of bringing together numerous levels into an open work; an interaction between form and action; a form of architecture of the...

  7. Cortical Cartography and Caret Software

    OpenAIRE

    Van Essen, David C.

    2011-01-01

    Caret software is widely used for analyzing and visualizing many types of fMRI data, often in conjunction with experimental data from other modalities. This article places Caret’s development in a historical context that spans three decades of brain mapping – from the early days of manually generated flat maps to the nascent field of human connectomics. It also highlights some of Caret’s distinctive capabilities. This includes the ease of visualizing data on surfaces and/or volumes and on atl...

  8. Potentiel des images satellitaires multibandes a haute resolution spatiale pour la cartographie des componsants de l'eau en milieu cotier marin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Andre

    L'objectif principal que que nous poursuivons est de developper un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif eau-atmosphere adapte aux observations faites par le capteur Thematic Mapper (TM) de Landsat. Les informations que nous cherchons ont trait au milieu cotier marin et concernent les elements qui sont en suspension dans l'eau. Les images multibandes du capteur TM dans la partie visible du spectre, sont surtout visees par nos travaux. A la base de la simulation, nous utilisons un programme de simulation atmospherique, le code 6S, auquel nous greffons un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif dans la masse d'eau. Ce dernier estime le signal en fonction de 4 composants: l'eau, les pigments chlorophylliens (chlorophylle et phaeopigments), les matieres minerales et les substances organiques dissoutes. La concentration des differents composants sert de parametre d'entree pour definir le comportement optique de la masse d'eau. Le modele permet egalement de simuler une masse d'eau stratifiee si l'on connai t les concentrations des composants dans les differentes couches. Il inclut aussi la contribution du fond, selon sa nature et sa composition, ainsi que celle du miroitement du soleil et du ciel a la surface de l'eau. Les informations d'un echantillonnage de la masse d' eau synchronise avec le passage du satellite, a la baie des Chaleurs, d'une cartographie du couvert d'algues et d'un modele bathymetrique ont ete utilisees pour fixer les parametres de simulation par le modele. La comparaison montrent que le modele se comporte relativement bien surtout dans la bande TM2. Une erreur systematique de 2 valeurs numeriques en moyenne subsiste dans les trois bandes spectrales. Les resultats nous montrent que la visibilite du fond aux faibles profondeurs est un element tres important a considerer. Par ailleurs, l'analyse de sensibilite montre que les images TM sont plus sensibles aux concentrations en matieres minerales qu'aux pigments chlorophylliens et aux substances

  9. Typologie, cartographie des stations forestières et modélisations des peuplements forestiers. Cas des massifs forestiers de la wilaya de Saida (Algérie

    OpenAIRE

    Terras, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La typologie et la cartographie des stations forestières sont basées sur le principe suivant : « Une étendue de forêt, homogène dans ses conditions écologiques et son peuplement, dans laquelle le forestier peut pratiquer la même sylviculture et peut espérer une même production ». Ce concept de station forestière, ainsi défini est donc très proche du concept écologique, mais on y a ajouté l'idée d'homogénéité du peuplement et d'un concept de gestion : espérance d'une même production, pra...

  10. Approches géostatistiques pour l’extraction de l’information pertinente dans des données géo-électriques en vue de la cartographie de propriétés des sols

    OpenAIRE

    Loiseau, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Dans le cadre du projet CAREX de l’INRA (CARactérisation environnementales des essais conduits dans les unités EXpérimentales), le travail présenté dans ce document a pour principal objectif de cartographier l’épaisseur du sol (Ep) sur un site expérimental de l’INRA. Deux méthodes de spatialisation, la régression linéaire simple et la régression-krigeage, de Ep à partir de mesures de résistivités électriques du sol ont été comparées. Une prospection électrique exhaustive par ARP a été effectu...

  11. Utilisation des données Google Street View pour cartographier la distribution géographique des espèces. Une étude préliminaire de la processionnaire du pin (Thaumetopoea pityocampa)

    OpenAIRE

    Rousselet, Jérôme; Imbert, Charles-Edouard; Dekri, Anissa; GARCIA, Jacques; Goussard, Francis; Vincent, Bruno; Denux, Olivier; ROBINET, Christelle; Dorkeld, Franck; Roques, Alain; Rossi, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    La cartographie de la distribution géographique des espèces est importante pour suivre l’évolution des aires de distribution d’espèces invasives ou d’espèces natives en expansion géographique. Malheureusement, les données nécessaires sont parfois difficilement accessibles à partir de la littérature et sont coûteuses à collecter sur le terrain. Pour cette raison, nous avons conçu une étude dans le but d'explorer dans quelle mesure il est possible d’utiliser les bases de données telles que Goog...

  12. Aide méthodologique à la caractérisation et la cartographie des interfaces habitat-forêt, dans le contexte de prévention aux incendies de forêt

    OpenAIRE

    Lampin, C.; Long, M.; Jappiot, M.; Morge, D.; Bouillon, C.

    2007-01-01

    / Le Cemagref a développé pour les gestionnaires, les bureaux d'études, les services d'aménagement des collectivités, les acteurs de la lutte (chargés de l'élaboration ou de la mise en ½uvre de plans de prévention contre les incendies, mais aussi de la lutte en cas d'incendie), une méthode pour cartographier les interfaces habitat-forêt sur de grandes surfaces et à grande échelle ; en utilisant des données de bâtis et de végétation et en s'intéressant à leur organisation spatiale, l'outil per...

  13. Méthode préventive pour caractériser et cartographier les interfaces habitat-forêt, un enjeu pour la prévention des incendies de forêt

    OpenAIRE

    Lampin, C.

    2007-01-01

    / Le Cemagref a développé pour les gestionnaires, les bureaux d'études, les services d'aménagement des collectivités, les acteurs de la lutte (chargés de l'élaboration ou de la mise en ½uvre de plans de prévention contre les incendies, mais aussi de la lutte en cas d'incendie), une méthode pour cartographier les interfaces habitat-forêt sur de grandes surfaces et à grande échelle. En utilisant des données de bâtis et de végétation et en s'intéressant à leur organisation spatiale, l'outil perm...

  14. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique des sols de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire)

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Étienne Aké; Boyossoro Hélène Kouadio; Miessan Germain Adja; Jean-Baptiste Ettien; Kôkôh Rose Effebi; Jean Biémi,

    2012-01-01

    L'érosion hydrique des sols n'a pas été suffisamment étudiée dans la région de Bonoua au Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire où l'activité économique dominante demeure l'agriculture. Par conséquent, des méthodes de contrôle s'avèrent nécessaires, afin d'assurer une gestion durable des sols et de sécuriser les productions agricoles. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments pour cartographier la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique. L'approche passe par une analyse des princ...

  15. Cartographie thématique des mangroves du littoral sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie = Thematic mapping of mangroves of the South West coasts of New Caledonia

    OpenAIRE

    Thollot, Pierre; Albert, Frédéric; Meaille, R

    1992-01-01

    Les mangroves du littoral sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie ont été cartographiées par traitement d'images satellitaires SPOT. Plusieurs axes de recherche ont été développés selon l'échelle de nos investigations. D'une part, les mangroves du littoral sud-ouest (entre Moindou et Goro) ont été identifiées, localisées selon trois niveaux de densité (clairsemée, faible et forte). D'autre part, la composition floristique de la mangrove de Prizbuer/Bouraké a été définie au cours d'une analyse thémati...

  16. Mobilizing the cartographic paradox: tracing the aspect of cartography and prospect of cinema/Mobilizando o paradoxo cartográfico: traçando o aspecto na cartografia e o prospecto no cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Lukinbeal

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the contrast and challenge of cinematic cartographies may lie in querying what John Pickles (2004, p.89 calls the “cartographic paradox.” The cartographic paradox is that linear perspective and projectionism inform cartographic practice. Yet, these two scopic regimes are both complementary and contradictory. The cartographic paradox has been mobilized by montage, animation and motion pictures. The penultimate technology of linear perspective is cinema, whereas the penultimate technology of projectionism is GIS and animated cartography. I argue that understanding the mobilization of these scopic regimes may lead to the production of affective geovisualizations. A compreensão do contraste e do desafio das cartografias cinemáticas pode residir na indagação do que John Pickles (2004, p.89 chama de “o paradoxo cartográfico.” O paradoxo cartográfico é que a perspectiva linear e o projecionismo informam a prática cartográfica. Contudo, estes dois regimes de visão são complementares e contraditórios. O paradoxo cartográfico tem sido mobilizado pela montagem e a animação de imagens em movimento. A penúltima tecnologia da perspectiva linear é o cinema, enquanto que a penúltima tecnologia do projecionismo é o SIG e a animação cartográfica. Discuto neste artigo que compreender a mobilização destes regimes de visão pode conduzir à produção de geovisualizações afetivas.

  17. Méthodologie de cartographie du risque érosion - Application de la méthodologie développée par le CETE Méditerranée - Études de cas pour des talwegs de premiers ordres

    OpenAIRE

    PINEY, Stéphane; KOPP, Sébastien

    2010-01-01

    Suite au rapport Étude bibliographique de trois méthodologies appliquées au risque érosion d’août 2009, et aux perspectives énoncées en vue d’une cartographie départementale du risque ruissellement, nous nous sommes intéressés plus particulièrement aux talwegs de premiers ordres (d’ordres 1 à 3), en vue de déterminer dans quelle mesure la méthodologie de détermination des zones inondées développée par le CETE Méditerranée était susceptible de cartographier de façon satisfais...

  18. L’apport de la cartographie à l’étude des sociétés sans écriture: l’exemple des Celtes de l’âge du Fer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Buchsenschutz

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse spatiale est présente en archéologie à toutes les échelles. La datation des sociétés européennes sans écriture a été établie, de l’Égypte à la Scandinavie, par l’analyse de dépôts d’objets indigènes associés à des importations. Les groupes culturels sont identifiés par la répartition géographique des objets, des modes architecturales, des pratiques funéraires. Leur étude permet de dégager des courants d’influence incontestables, sans mouvements de population. L’explication économique n’est pas la seule, les relations aristocratiques ou la mode des banquets orientent les échanges. Les événements politiques ne laissent en revanche aucune trace clairement cartographiable.

  19. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922 Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922 Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con base en el fondo cartográfico de Charles Perron y Élisée Reclus. Reconstruimos esta experiencia a través del análisis de fuentes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando la relación entre geografía y educación popular, y el papel de la cartografía en las concepciones científicas de estos geógrafos.This paper deals with the foundation of the Cartographic Museum of Geneva, open from 1907 to 1922 and based on the cartographic collection of Charles Perron and Élisée Reclus. We reconstruct this experience by the analysis of edited and unedited sources, questioning the relationship between geography and popular education, and the role of cartography in the scientific strategy of these geographers.

  20. La avispa y la orquídea hacen mapa en el seno de un rizoma: Cartografía y máquinas, releyendo a Deleuze y Guattari The wasp and the orchid make a map in the heart of a rhizome: cartography and machines, reinterpreting Deleuze and Guattari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Pérez de Lama

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace casi una década venimos experimentando un renovado interés en la cartografía como herramienta de conocimiento crítico. Desde el equipo hackitectura.net hemos participado en este movimiento produciendo diversos procesos cartográficos, entre los que se destaca la Cartografía Crítica del Estrecho de Gibraltar (2004, desarrollada en colaboración con diversos colectivos sociales y artísticos que operan sobre este territorio geopolítico. Nuestra práctica se ha inspirado desde el inicio en el pensamiento de Félix Guattari y Gilles Deleuze que en Mil Mesetas (1980 proponían los principios de cartografía y decalcomanía para explicar el concepto de rizoma. Aunque hoy nos referimos más a los territorios reticulares que al rizoma, sigue siendo de interés la vinculación que Guattari establece entre su concepto de cartografía y los de agenciamiento, máquina y producción de subjetividad. Para Guattari, hacer mapa, como lo hacen la orquídea y la avispa, es más acción que representación; la cartografía, antes que representar un mundo que esté ya dado, supone la identificación de nuevos componentes, la creación de nuevas relaciones y territorios, de nuevas máquinas. El artículo presentará una aproximación teórica a las ideas guattarianas, ejemplificadas con diversos trabajos, propios y de otros autores. Finalmente, planteará, desde la perspectiva de nuestra experiencia, el horizonte de desarrollo y las limitaciones que percibimos en relación con estas prácticas.For almost a decade, we have been experiencing a continuous interest in cartography as a tool for the acquisition of critical knowledgement. From the use of hackitectura.net as an instrument, we have participated in this movement, producing several cartographic processes, especially the Critical Cartography of the Strait of Gibtaltar (2004, developed in collaboration with several social and artistic collective works which operate in that geopolitical

  1. Thematic Cartography Based on JFreeChart and ArcGIS JavaScript API%基于JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API的专题制图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾文华; 赵飞; 任福; 杜清运

    2012-01-01

    基于目前迅速发展的WebGIS技术,结合专题地图智能应用的特点,提出了一种JFreeChart图表组件与ArcGIS JavaScript API相结合动态制作网络专题图的方法.该方法利用JFreeChart强大的图表引擎功能,在服务器端构建统计符号库,以JSON和XML等形式获取专题统计数据,根据统计数据特征自动选择适宜表达方式,生成统计符号后与客户端请求的WMS或WFS服务图层叠加生成专题图.以浙江省在线动态专题地图制作软件为例,对JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API结合制作网络专题图进行了应用.实践表明,此方法以网络服务形式提供,动态制图功能扩展更灵活,统计符号类型丰富,能满足不同专业背景用户的制图需求,体现了专题地图智能化的应用.%A new method for Web cartography, which using ArcGIS JavaScript API combined a chart component named JFreeChart, was put forward to make thematic mapping easier in the context of Web. According to this method, the statistic map symbol base was constructed based on JFreeChart in the server end and the statistic data was transferred to the server by the form of JSON and XML, then the appropriate visualization expression was pushed on the basis of the characteristics of statistical data and diagrams were constructed. Finally, a complete thematic map was composed of diagrams from server and some geographic base maps in the client. At last, Zhejiang Online dynamic thematic map production software was taken as an example to show the application of various technique of Web visualization of statistic data based on this method. It showed that the visualization system and method of visualization functions were worthy of spreading.

  2. Geodesy and cartography of the Martian satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.; Edwards, Kathleen; Duxbury, T. C.

    1992-01-01

    The difficulties connected with conventional maps of Phobos and Deimos are largely overcome by producing maps in digital forms, i.e., by projecting Viking Orbiter images onto a global topographic model made from collections of radii derived by photogrammetry. The resulting digital mosaics are then formatted as arrays of body-centered latitudes, longitudes, radii, and brightness values of Viking Orbiter images. The Phobos mapping described was done with Viking Orbiter data. Significant new coverage was obtained by the Soviet Phobos mission. The mapping of Deimos is in progress, using the techniques developed for Phobos.

  3. Event Cartography: A New Perspective in Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Polous, Khatereh

    2016-01-01

    The study presents a conceptual model to build a high level geo knowledge based system to manage real world processes. A generic event oriented perspective was used to implicitly represent causal relationships among different components of a Spatio-Temporal Geographic Information system. To utilize the collected event information, a Volunteered Location Based Service was developed. In addition a tool was signed to increase the general awareness of the volunteers in spatial analysis and shift ...

  4. L'impossible cartographie du terrorisme

    OpenAIRE

    Bigo, Didier

    2005-01-01

    Le terrorisme n'existe pas : ou plus exactement, ce n'est pas un concept utilisable par les sciences sociales et la stratégie. En revanche l'usage du terme a une forte signification politique. Pour expliquer ce paradoxe apparent, il est nécessaire d'analyser les usages du terme terrorisme et leurs implications. Nous qu'adversaires en présence comme tiers, victimes, font du terrorisme une forme de conflit spécifique qui aurait sa propre unité et qui pourrait être analysé selon une grille de le...

  5. Progress and Challenges in Infectious Disease Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Moritz U G; Hay, Simon I; Pigott, David M; Smith, David L; Wint, G R William; Golding, Nick

    2016-01-01

    Quantitatively mapping the spatial distributions of infectious diseases is key to both investigating their epidemiology and identifying populations at risk of infection. Important advances in data quality and methodologies have allowed for better investigation of disease risk and its association with environmental factors. However, incorporating dynamic human behavioural processes in disease mapping remains challenging. For example, connectivity among human populations, a key driver of pathogen dispersal, has increased sharply over the past century, along with the availability of data derived from mobile phones and other dynamic data sources. Future work must be targeted towards the rapid updating and dissemination of appropriately designed disease maps to guide the public health community in reducing the global burden of infectious disease. PMID:26604163

  6. Agro-fuels, a cartography of stakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document proposes a dashboard of the main issues regarding agro-fuels. Nine sheets propose basic information and data on these issues: 1- agro-fuel production and consumption in the world (ethanol, vegetable oils, perspective for demand in the transport sector), 2- energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions (energy assessments and greenhouse effect of agro-fuels, discrepancies of results between first-generation European agro-fuels, case of agro-fuels produced in Southern countries), 3- needed surfaces in Europe (land use and cultivable areas for agro-fuel production in Europe and in France, competition between food and energy crops), 4- deforestation in the South (relationship between agriculture, deforestation and agro-fuels, between deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions), 5- impacts on biodiversity (use of pesticides and fertilizers, large scale cultivations and single-crop farming, cultivation of fallow land and permanent meadows, deforestation in the South, relationship between agro-fuels and GMOs), 6- impacts on water, soil and air (water quality and availability, soil erosion, compaction and fertility loss, air quality), 7- food-related and social stakes (issue of food security, social impacts of agro-fuel production with pressure on family agriculture and issues of land property), 8- public supports and economic efficiency (public promotion of agro-fuels, agro-fuel and oil prices, assessment of the 'avoided' CO2 ton), and 9- perspectives for second-generation agro-fuels (definitions and processes, benefits with respect to first-generation fuels, possible impacts on the environment, barriers to their development)

  7. Cartography of the sun and the stars

    CERN Document Server

    Neiner, Coralie

    2016-01-01

    The mapping of the surface of stars requires diverse skills, analysis techniques and advanced modeling, i.e. the collaboration of scientists in various specialties. This volume gives insights into new techniques allowing for the first time to obtain resolved images of stars. It takes stock of what has been achieved so far in Chile, on the ESO VLTI instrument or, in the States, on the CHARA instrument. In recent times interferometry, combined with adaptive optics has allowed to reconstruct images of stars. Besides the Sun (of course) by now five stars have been resolved in detail. In addition to interferometry, this book highlights techniques used for mapping the surfaces of stars using photometry made by space observatories; Zeeman- and Doppler Imaging; mapping the surface element abundances via spectroscopy. This book will also take stock of the best images of the  solar surface, made by connecting the differential rotation to the underlying physical parameters derived from helioseismology. Recent measureme...

  8. MOLA: The Future of Mars Global Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, T. C.; Smith, D. E.; Zuber, M. T.; Frey, H. V.; Garvin, J. B.; Head, J. W.; Muhleman, D. O.; Pettengill, G. H.; Phillips, R. J.; Solomon, S. C.

    1999-01-01

    The MGS Orbiter is carrying the high-precision Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) which, when combined with precision reconstructed orbital data and telemetered attitude data, provides a tie between inertial space and Mars-fixed coordinates to an accuracy of 100 m in latitude / longitude and 10 m in radius (1 sigma), orders of magnitude more accurate than previous global geodetic/ cartographic control data. Over the 2 year MGS mission lifetime, it is expected that over 30,000 MOLA Global Cartographic Control Points will be produced to form the basis for new and re-derived map and geodetic products, key to the analysis of existing and evolving MGS data as well as future Mars exploration. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  9. Intracortical cartography in an agranular area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon M. G Shepherd

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A well-defined granular layer 4 is a defining cytoarchitectonic feature associated with sensory areas of mammalian cerebral cortex, and one with hodological significance: the local axons ascending from cells in thalamorecipient layer 4 and connecting to layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons form a major feedforward excitatory interlaminar projection. Conversely, agranular cortical areas, lacking a distinct layer 4, pose a hodological conundrum: without a laminar basis for the canonical layer 4→2/3 pathway, what is the basic circuit organization? This review highlights current challenges and prospects for local-circuit electroanatomy and electrophysiology in agranular cortex, focusing on the mouse. Different lines of evidence, drawn primarily from studies of motor areas in frontal cortex in rodents, support the view that synaptic circuits in agranular cortex are organized around prominent descending excitatory layer 2/3→5 pathways targeting multiple classes of projection neurons.

  10. Participatory mapping new data, new cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Plantin, Jean-Christophe

    2014-01-01

    This book is intended for applications of online digital mapping, called mashups (or composite application), and to analyze the mapping practices in online socio-technical controversies. The hypothesis put forward is that the ability to create an online map accompanies the formation of online audience and provides support for a position in a debate on the Web.The first part provides a study of the map: - a combination of map and statistical reason- crosses between map theories and CIS theories- recent developments in scanning the map, from Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Web map.The second part is based on a corpus of twenty "mashup" maps, and offers a techno-semiotic analysis highlighting the "thickness of the mediation" they are in a process of communication on the Web. Map as a device to "make do" is thus replaced through these stages of creation, ranging from digital data in their viewing, before describing the construction of the map as a tool for visual evidence in public debates, and ending wit...

  11. La cartografía ambiental como base para los estudios de planificación ecológica del territorio The environmental cartography as a basis for the ecological territorial planning studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Cavallaro

    2010-06-01

    issue of environmental thematic cartography turns into a fundamental tool to achieve the objectives of sustainable development, integrating biophysical and social information. On other hand, the ecological territory planification allows us to identify the land use and the territory tendencies. This methodology involves the natural resources analysis and its actual status. This information provides the alternatives to establish different land uses to promote sustainable improvement of natural resources. The methodological analysis of ecological land planning integrates the stages of characterization and diagnoses stages with the aim of define different land planning and management proposal. The studied area, that includes the Geologic Leaf 4769-II, shows a population increase and economical development which includes oil exploitation and cattle production. This area requires urgent ecological planning studies to guarantee a balanced and sustainable development. The present paper, that uses information elaborated and compiled in the Carta Geoambiental de la Hoja Colonia Las Heras, scale 1:250000, is elaborated using landscape ecology concepts. Through the results achieved not only the distribution of the vegetation communities and their associated fauna but also their close relationship with the prevailing geomorphologic formations becomes evident. Both the satellite analysis as the campaign checkup confirm the rising fragmentation checkup confirm permanent decline of the animal habitats with the subsequent retraction of the communities.

  12. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique des sols de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Étienne Aké

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L'érosion hydrique des sols n'a pas été suffisamment étudiée dans la région de Bonoua au Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire où l'activité économique dominante demeure l'agriculture. Par conséquent, des méthodes de contrôle s'avèrent nécessaires, afin d'assurer une gestion durable des sols et de sécuriser les productions agricoles. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments pour cartographier la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique. L'approche passe par une analyse des principaux facteurs de l'érosion : l'érosivité des pluies, l'érodabilité des sols, la pente et l'occupation des sols. Les cartes obtenues sont intégrées dans un Système d'Information Géographique (SIG à l'aide d'une combinaison additive pour établir une carte de vulnérabilité à l'érosion hydrique. Cette carte est validée par des observations de terrain. Trois classes de vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique ont été distinguées : les zones à faible vulnérabilité (29 % ; les zones à vulnérabilité moyenne (34 % et les zones fortement vulnérables (37 %. Ainsi, dans la région de Bonoua, les classes à moyenne et forte vulnérabilité multifactorielle représentent 71 % de la superficie. Cette première ébauche cartographique est un outil devant aider les décideurs pour l'attribution des zones de cultures et des sites pouvant abriter des infrastructures socio-économiques.Water soils erosion has not been studied enough in the region of Bonoua south-eastern Côte d'Ivoire where major economic activity remains the agriculture. Consequently, control methods are necessary in order to ensure sustainable management of soils and to secure agricultural productions. The objective of this study is to supply tools for mapping multifactorial vulnerability to water soil erosion. The method involves an analysis of the main factors of erosion: rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope and land use

  13. “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada” “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada”. The invention of landscape painting in New Spain's cartography, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Russo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available La producción de mapas por parte de los cartógrafos indígenas, mestizos y españoles en los siglos XVI y XVII, es un laboratorio de increíble riqueza para estudiar los efectos pictóricos que la transformación territorial-administrativa empezada por la conquista tuvo al pasar por la esfera de la creación. En las imágenes, hoy en el Archivo General de la Nación, los pintores locales tuvieron que inventar una nueva forma de visualizar las tierras, los espacios y los paisajes. De esta mina inagotable que es la cartografía colonial de la Nueva España, voy a reflexionar sobre el «paisaje». Los cartógrafos novohispanos renovaron la mirada hacia el territorio inventando soluciones pictóricas totalmente novedosas respecto a las tradiciones artísticas mesoamericanas y europeas. A través del análisis del horizonte histórico y estético propio de estas pinturas —que llamé «el realismo circular»— este trabajo se concentrará en analizar algunos mapas donde la tensión con la realidad cambiante del territorio tuvo los efectos pictóricos más pertinentes para enunciar que uno de los orígenes de la «pintura de paisaje» puede reconocerse adentro de este conjunto tan heterogéneo de imágenes. Al final, creo que debemos deshacernos de los campos y los límites disciplinarios tradicionales para producir un enfoque innovador para el estudio de este tipo de imágenes.The production of maps by native, mestizo and Spanish cartographers during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries represents an extremely rich laboratory for studying the pictorial effects that the territorial-administrative transformation that started with the conquest underwent in the creative arena. In these images, today filed in the General Archive of the Nation, local painters had to invent a new way of visualizing the land, spaces and landscapes. From this eternal mine represented by the New Spain’s colonial cartography, I will focus on the “landscape”. New

  14. La cartografía conceptual y su utilidad para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural: El Quijote como ejemplo An approach to Don Quixote de la Mancha to illustrate the use of conceptual cartography in the study of reading as a historical-cultural practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Vivas Moreno

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objeto exponer las claves sobre la utilización de las modernas cartografías conceptuales para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural. Tras una breve revisión de las prácticas de lectura desde la alfabetización clásica hasta sus nuevas funciones en el siglo XXI, examinaremos la cartografía conceptual como metodología de investigación, centrándonos en el procedimiento concreto de las cuadrículas de dominio, que pueden aliarse con técnicas documentales (como por ejemplo un tesauro que se complementa perfectamente con la cuadrícula para producir avanzados instrumentos de información. A modo de ejemplo, veremos cómo analizar la lectura en El Quijote a partir de dicha metodología, basada en una tesis de doctorado leída en 2008. En este caso concreto, las cuadrículas de dominio se complementan con un tesauro elaborado ad hoc, de modo que los hiperónimos de las cuatro cuadrículas de dominio (Creación, Instrucción, Materialidad y Preservación corresponden a las cabezas de jerarquía del tesauro. Así, conseguimos una simbiosis cartografía / lenguaje documental que se materializa en un sistema de información integral.The aim of this work is to suggest some keys for using the new conceptual cartographies for studying reading as a historical and cultural practice. After a brief overview of reading practices, from classical literacy to its new roles in the twenty-first century, an examination ensues of conceptual cartography as a research methodology, focusing on the specific procedure of domain grids linked to information and documental resources for producing advanced information instruments. An analysis of reading oí Don Quixote based on this methodology serves as illustration. In this case, domain grids complement a thesaurus made ad hoc in such a way that the superordinate domain grids (Creation, Instruction, Materiality and Preservation match the hierarchy headings of the

  15. A cartografia na enfermagem: uma proposta de abordagem metodológica La cartografía en la enfermería: una propuesta de enfoque metodológico The cartography at nursing: a proposal of a methodological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Regina Virginio Moraes de Catrib

    2010-06-01

    construcción del conocimiento que caracteriza los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del mundo social.La realización de pesquisas en el área de enfermería que se valgan de la utilización de la cartografía es algo todavía difícil de encontrarse. Sin embargo, se cree que la cartografía puede hacer contribuciones para la construcción del conocimiento, caracterizando los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del espacio.It is an experience based report which aims to describe the cartography application on data collection for a doctorate thesis in which the object of this study deals with strategies of the nursing team in front of hospitalized children with Infectious Diseases. The text discusses the geography-cartography technique and its usage / application for nursing studies and researches. This technique allows the construction of knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space. It favors a reading beyond the practices boarders, the realities and also an understanding of specialties, revealing itself as a process with meaning for a world social understanding. The development of nursing research using the cartography is still unusual. However, we believe that the cartography can strongly cooperate with the construction of a knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space.

  16. REPRESENTACIONES DEL ESPACIO PATAGÓNICO: UNA INTERPRETACIÓN DE LA CARTOGRAFÍA JESUÍTICA DE LOS SIGLOS XVII Y XVIII REPRESENTATIONS OF THE PATAGONIAN SPACE: AN INTERPRETATION OF 17TH- AND 18TH-CENTURY JESUIT CARTOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis I de Lasa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La cartografía jesuítica constituye una fuente privilegiada para acceder a las formas de producción y uso del conocimiento geográfico y cartográfico referido a las fronteras australes del imperio español. Considerando que los mapas elaborados por los misioneros de la Compañía de Jesús son los primeros en integrar explícitamente el conocimiento espacial de los habitantes del territorio, indagamos sobre las condiciones de obtención de la información, las estrategias de apropiación y organización de los saberes indígenas y la compatibilización de distintas concepciones y representaciones del espacio en la elaboración del mapa. Atendiendo al uso de la producción de los jesuitas, identificamos los principales beneficiarios de este saber calificado. En este estudio examinamos los mapas generales de Patagonia de Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749 y 1751 y Thomas Falkner (1772.Jesuit cartography serves as an exceptional sourcefor gaining access to the ways of production and use of the geographical and cartographic knowledge related to the southern borders of the Spanish empire. Taking into account that the maps produced by the missionaries from the Society ofJesus were the first to explicitly incorporate the spatial knowledge of the local inhabitants, we examined the conditions for collecting information, the strategiesfor appropriation and organization ofindigenous lore and the reconciliation ofdifferent spatial conceptions and representations upon producing the map. Considering the use made of the Jesuit production, we have identified the main beneficiaries from this intimate knowledge. At the present study we examine the general maps ofPatagonia produced by Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749y 1751 and Thomas Falkner (1772.

  17. Performing Sociology Through Actor-Network Theory: From Impressionist Cartography to the Dirtiness of Mediations Hacer sociología a través de la teoría del actor-red: de la cartografía impresionista a la suciedad de las mediaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Muriel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to outline the existence of certain problems I have found during my research work, within sociology discipline, when it comes to follow some of the main threads of the complex fabric that constitutes the Actor-Network Theory (ANT. In the same way, I suggest some possible subterfuges to go around those problems. Two are the problems and two are the subterfuges as well destined to tackle them. On the one hand, I face the problem of the magnitude and fidelity that ANT's descriptions demand, thoroughly detailed and local, which clashes with the requirements of sociological theory that seeks abstractions and regularities. The subterfuge I propose is the one called "impressionist cartography". On the other hand, I bump into the difficulty of the irreversibility of mediations and the sanitized representations carried out, sometimes, by ANT. In order to fight this, I use the subterfuge oriented to adopt the premise of the "inevitable dirtiness of mediations". En este artículo intento proponer un esbozo de ciertos problemas que me he encontrado en el transcurro de mi investigación, dentro de la disciplina de la sociología, cuando he intentado seguir algunas de las principales tramas del complejo entramado de la teoría del actor-red (ANT, así como de los subterfugios que planteo para bordearlos. Dos son los problemas y dos los posibles subterfugios para abordarlos. Por un lado, me encuentro con el problema de la envergadura y fidelidad de las descripciones que exige la ANT, muy localizadas y minuciosas, que choca con los requerimientos de la teoría sociológica que busca regularidades y abstracciones. El subterfugio que planteo es el de la "cartografía impresionista". Por otro lado, me topo con la dificultad de la

  18. Localisation et Cartographie Simultanées avec Vision Monoculaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lemaire, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    This thesis tackles the Simultaneous Localisation And Mapping problem (SLAM for short). When the robot moves in an unknown environment, it has to incrementally build a map of the environment while using this map to localise itself. A SLAM algorithm is a fundamental part of the architecture of a fully autonomous robot. Several elements are required to solve SLAM, among which perception is of main importance since it produces observations of the objects of the environment (referred as landmarks...

  19. Creating a Coyote Cartography: Critical Regionalism at the Border

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Caleb

    2015-01-01

    This article develops and deploys critical regionalism as a theoretical framework that enables a comparative transnational critique of North American border regions. Taking its lead from developments in the field of Postwestern Studies it incorporates critical metaphors drawn from Deleuzian philosophy in the form of nomadism and nomadic thought. Examining the nomadic traits of Coyote (the trickster) and coyote (the people smuggler), the article develops a comparative literature approach that ...

  20. Introduction: historical geographies of science – places, contexts, cartographies

    OpenAIRE

    Naylor, S.

    2005-01-01

    This paper outlines the contours of a historical geography of science. It begins by arguing for the relevance of spatially oriented histories of scientific thought and practice. The paper then considers three different historical geographies of science: those concerned with the places and spaces of science, those that detail the spatial contexts of scientific endeavour, and those that analyse the internal ‘cartographies’ of scientific theories and methods. The paper concludes with a discussio...

  1. Cartography For Cooperative Manoeuvres With Autonomous Land Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    González Fernández-Vallejo, Carlos; Pedro Lucio, María Teresa de; Alonso Ruiz, Javier; Milanés Montero, Vicente; Onieva Caracuel, Enrique; Pérez, Joshué

    2011-01-01

    International audience This article presents a cartographic system to facilitate cooperative manoeuvres among autonomous vehicles in a well-known environment. The main objective is to design an extended cartographic system to help in the navigation of autonomous vehicles. This system has to allow the vehicles not only to access the reference points needed for navigation, but also noticeable information such as the location and type of traffic signals, the proximity to a crossing, the stree...

  2. 21st Century cartography in the service of Enresa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geographic information systems (GIS) are used to store and process both physical and social-economic information of a territory. Topography, vegetation, hydrology, geology, weather conditions, population, protected spaces. An endless list of details that, organized and put on maps, are very useful in numerous fields, including the handling of radioactive waste. Enresa uses these tools in many of its activities: site selection, characterization studies, monitoring of radiological and environmental surveillance programs in facilities such as El Cabril (Cordoba), or in the preparation of documentation that helped to locate the Centralized Temporary Storage (CTS) facility for high level waste in Villar de Canas (Cuenca). These cartographic instruments have also shown their usefulness in the dismantling of facilities such as the old Uranium Factory in Andujar (Jaen) or the nuclear power stations of Vandellos I (Tarragona), currently in latency phase, and Jose Cabrera (Zorita, Guadalajara), which is currently being decommissioned. At present, GIS tools provide major advantages: they reduce the number of reports and conventional map collections, support faster and easier access to information in more manageable ways resulting in technical resource and time savings, quick updates of maps and records under constant evolution, and streamlined decision-taking processes. (Author)

  3. Communicating flood risk to the public by cartography

    OpenAIRE

    Kellens, W.; Vanneuville, W.; Ooms, K.; De Maeyer, P.

    2009-01-01

    Flood risk communication plays an important role in risk management, because it can strengthen people’s risk awareness and can motivate them to take precautionary actions. To inform the public about flood risks, the use of flood maps is encouraged by the recent EU Flood Directive (2007/60/EC). Mapping flood risks deals with the challenges of representing risks in a way people can understand and interpret them correctly. In this contribution, the use of flood maps is discussed within risk comm...

  4. Using vertical Sidescan Sonar as a tool for seagrass cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Carnero, N.; Rodríguez-Pérez, D.; Couñago, E.; Aceña, S.; Freire, J.

    2012-12-01

    An acoustic method, a vertically oriented Sidescan Sonar (SSSv), is used to detect and map Posidonia oceanica meadows in the bay of Agua Amarga (SE of the Mediterranean coast of Spain). Sidescan sonar, among other active hydroacoustic techniques, has shown its ability to detect, map and monitor seagrass based on its acoustic backscatter; however, some limitations linked to its power based approach have been reported in the literature. Our method is based on the SSSv measurement of canopy height distribution, making the most use of the SSSv acoustic data and using existing algorithms as statistical mapping methods. The results show a spatially coherent and statistically consistent classification. The comparison with groundtruthing is difficult due to the steep variations in the seafloor cover found in the area of interest, nevertheless the validation is successful (proving low-order discrimination) in a zone with a large range of depth variations (0-25 m).

  5. Cartographie des risques technologiques majeurs: nouvelles perspectives avec les SIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available L'élaboration d'une base de données localisées adaptée aux risques technologiques majeurs et son exploitation par un système d'information géographique ont permis d'établir une typologie des zones à risques basée sur le couple accident-vulnérabilité et d'élaborer des cartes de synthèse pouvant apporter une véritable aide à la concertation et à la prise de décision.

  6. Whole-genome cartography of estrogen receptor alpha binding sites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Yo Lin

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Using a chromatin immunoprecipitation-paired end diTag cloning and sequencing strategy, we mapped estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha binding sites in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. We identified 1,234 high confidence binding clusters of which 94% are projected to be bona fide ERalpha binding regions. Only 5% of the mapped estrogen receptor binding sites are located within 5 kb upstream of the transcriptional start sites of adjacent genes, regions containing the proximal promoters, whereas vast majority of the sites are mapped to intronic or distal locations (>5 kb from 5' and 3' ends of adjacent transcript, suggesting transcriptional regulatory mechanisms over significant physical distances. Of all the identified sites, 71% harbored putative full estrogen response elements (EREs, 25% bore ERE half sites, and only 4% had no recognizable ERE sequences. Genes in the vicinity of ERalpha binding sites were enriched for regulation by estradiol in MCF-7 cells, and their expression profiles in patient samples segregate ERalpha-positive from ERalpha-negative breast tumors. The expression dynamics of the genes adjacent to ERalpha binding sites suggest a direct induction of gene expression through binding to ERE-like sequences, whereas transcriptional repression by ERalpha appears to be through indirect mechanisms. Our analysis also indicates a number of candidate transcription factor binding sites adjacent to occupied EREs at frequencies much greater than by chance, including the previously reported FOXA1 sites, and demonstrate the potential involvement of one such putative adjacent factor, Sp1, in the global regulation of ERalpha target genes. Unexpectedly, we found that only 22%-24% of the bona fide human ERalpha binding sites were overlapping conserved regions in whole genome vertebrate alignments, which suggest limited conservation of functional binding sites. Taken together, this genome-scale analysis suggests complex but definable rules governing ERalpha binding and gene regulation.

  7. Correlation-consistency cartography of the double-inflation landscape

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show explicitly some exciting features of double inflation: (i) it can often lead to strongly correlated adiabatic and entropy (isocurvature) power spectra; (ii) the two-field slow-roll consistency relations can be violated when the correlation is large at the Hubble crossing; (iii) the spectra of adiabatic and entropy perturbations can be strongly scale dependent and tilted toward either the red or blue. These effects are typically due to a light or time-dependent entropy mass and a non-negligible angular velocity in field space during inflation. They are illustrated via a multiparameter numerical search for correlations in two concrete models. The correlation is found to be particularly strong in a supersymmetric scenario due to the rapid growth of entropy perturbations in the tachyonic region separating the two inflationary stages. Our analysis suggests that realistic double-inflation models will provide a rich and fruitful arena for the application of future cosmic data sets and new approximation schemes which go beyond slow roll

  8. Leonardo da Vinci and His Contributions to Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Puceković

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The archetypal Renaissance figure Leonardo da Vinci was truly a universal man (Ital. – uomo universale. There is no area of human activity that failed to attract his attention, or that does not bear a trace of his deliberations. In the field of fine art, Leonardo is famous for his masterpieces: the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, the Virgin of the Rocks, and other, unfinished works, for example, St. Jerome in the Wilderness, and the Adoration of the Magi. He did not leave any works of sculpture, though he did create sketches and drawings. His legacy includes approximately 13,000 sheets of notes and drawings of anatomy, architecture, war and flying machines, plants and animals, all annotated in a reversed mirror-script. In his works of art, he brought his compositions to perfection by using the principles of perspective and the techniques of chiaroscuro and sfumato. Leonardo designed war machines and produced several plans and topographical maps for the powerful men of his time, under whose patronage he worked, such as dukes, kings and popes. This article presents a brief account of his most famous cartographical works: the plan of Imola, three topographic maps of Tuscany, the Chiana valley, the Pontine Marshes and western Tuscany, and a world map (Mappa Mundi. Leonardo skilfully made use of his fascination with landscapes, incorporating them as backdrops in his masterpieces.

  9. Filmer l’espace, cartographier le réel

    OpenAIRE

    Pernin, Judith

    2013-01-01

    Cet article tente de rassembler et d’examiner quelques-unes des problématiques soulevées par la notion d’espace dans son rapport au Mouvement des documentaires indépendants chinois. Notre analyse porte sur la façon dont l’espace influence le choix des sujets et le mode de tournage, mais aussi sur sa représentation et la manière dont celle-ci est liée à l’émergence d’une nouvelle esthétique et pratique du documentaire.

  10. Méthodologie de recherche en cartographie criminelle

    OpenAIRE

    Donnay, Jean-Paul; Trotta, Marie; Kasprzyk, Jean-Paul

    2013-01-01

    Presentation of the original research methods conducted by the Geomatics unit of the University of Liege, on environmental criminology, geographic profiling, and business intelligence in crime mapping.

  11. Comparative analysis of methods for genome-wide nucleosome cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintales, Luis; Vázquez, Enrique; Antequera, Francisco

    2015-07-01

    Nucleosomes contribute to compacting the genome into the nucleus and regulate the physical access of regulatory proteins to DNA either directly or through the epigenetic modifications of the histone tails. Precise mapping of nucleosome positioning across the genome is, therefore, essential to understanding the genome regulation. In recent years, several experimental protocols have been developed for this purpose that include the enzymatic digestion, chemical cleavage or immunoprecipitation of chromatin followed by next-generation sequencing of the resulting DNA fragments. Here, we compare the performance and resolution of these methods from the initial biochemical steps through the alignment of the millions of short-sequence reads to a reference genome to the final computational analysis to generate genome-wide maps of nucleosome occupancy. Because of the lack of a unified protocol to process data sets obtained through the different approaches, we have developed a new computational tool (NUCwave), which facilitates their analysis, comparison and assessment and will enable researchers to choose the most suitable method for any particular purpose. NUCwave is freely available at http://nucleosome.usal.es/nucwave along with a step-by-step protocol for its use. PMID:25296770

  12. Pacific Health Research Guidelines: The Cartography of an Ethical Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mila-Schaaf, Karlo

    2009-01-01

    In 2004 the Health Research Council of New Zealand (HRC) published a set of "Guidelines on Pacific health research". The Guidelines were an attempt to articulate the features of ethical research relationships with Pacific peoples living in Aotearoa New Zealand. This article describes the process of developing these guidelines, using Pacific…

  13. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2014-01-01

    IntroductionOn Design ExperienceConstructive CriticismWhat Is a Geoprofessional?Tick-Tock Goes the ClockWhy Good Design MattersAudienceHow to Use This BookSkipping the How-Tos to Get Straight to the Good StuffRelative Map ScalesEndnotesCreative InspirationYou Can Be CreativeDoingSeeingAn Example of How to SeeApplying All of This to Your MapSummary and Final ProddingCreative MapsA Few Places to Start Seeing Art from Your DesktopEndnotesExerciseLayout DesignAll Together NowLayout ChecklistElement Details and ExamplesStyleContextArrangementEmphasis Maps and WireframesSimplicity versus ComplexityM

  14. Cell phones: a digital cartography of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polise Moreira De Marchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental function of maps has always been to understand, interpret, and represent the world. Therefore, maps have a communication role, as a language. As communication tool, maps spatialize the interaction of social, economic and cultural urban realities in a graphic expression that provides the very meaning of urban systems. The aim of this paper is to report an academic study involving digital interface design graduate students. They investigated the role of locative media as potential instruments for registering and mapping experiences, observations and perceptions of urban life. This study considers that students can stimulate interactions across the city, whether, directly, in its physical space or, indirectly, through interfaces such as cell phone applications. The project also sought to discuss the cell phone as a producer of new languages, since instead of being merely a telephone it combines the functions of different media and can produce images, videos, sounds etc.

  15. Ethnicity, Identity and Cartography: Possession/ Dispossession, Homecoming/ Homelessness in Contemporary

    OpenAIRE

    Sarma, Parag Moni

    2011-01-01

    "Ethnicity is emerging as a focal consideration in the politics of identity in contemporary Assam, a state of the Indian union in the North East of India. Often identified as a flash point in the subversive politics that question the logistics of the Indian nation, North East India is emerging as a cartographic domain that posits questions of internal colonialism and hegemony. Cartographic reorientation of territory based on factors of linguistic and ethnic identity is perceived as a way to a...

  16. Descriptive statistics and cartography of forest damage and pollutant data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this project was to support the Federal Environment Agency in preparation of the ECE-Workshop ''Mapping Critical Levels and Critical Loads'' in Bad Harzburg 6.-9.11.1989. Feasibility study for mapping critical Loads and Levels in Germany has been performed. Existing data stored in digital and non digital data bases, such as GRID, CORINE, LANIS, UMPLIS and others are described. The use of remote sensing technique in mapping sensitive receptors and modelling of the distribution and the deposition of the air pollutants is discussed. Methodology for mapping concentrations of the air pollutants using modelling and interpolation techniques is described. Recommendations for cartographical presentation of the data are given. (orig.) With 24 refs., 4 tabs., 19 figs

  17. Vers une cartographie géo-lexicale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Martinez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse statistique de la distribution du vocabulaire dans des guides de tourisme du XIXe et XXe siècle permet d’identifier la terminologie descriptive essentielle telle qu’elle est employée dans ces textes. Une interprétation plus structurée de ces données est possible grâce aux méthodes de cooccurrence qui produisent des cartes de mots associés décrivant l’usage préféré de noms, adjectifs, adverbes, etc. à propos d’une ville, une région ou un itinéraire. À partir de cette visualisation originale de structures de mots, nous envisagerons la convergence des données lexicales et cartographiques dans une base de données de type SIG (Système d’Information Géographique.The statistical analysis of vocabulary distribution in French tourist guides of the 19th and 20th century reveals the essential descriptive terminology used in these texts. A more structured interpretation of this data is made possible by way of co-occurrence methods that produce associated word maps describing the preferred usage of nouns, adjectives, adverbs etc. regarding a given town, region or route. Based on this original visualizing of word structures we will consider the convergence of lexical and cartographic data in a GIS-type database (Geographic Information System.

  18. Nouvelles approches ergonomiques de la cartographie des risques industriels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Les cartes actuelles présentent des insuffisances pour une gestion territoriale des risques industriels. En redéfinissant le concept de «situation à risques» et en l'implémentant dans un SIG, on peut disposer à la demande d'informations riches et variées: cartes analytiques, de synthèse, typologies, requêtes spatiales diverses. Les recherches en cours visent à développer une interface ergonomique pour faciliter la concertation entre différents acteurs.

  19. Cell phones: a digital cartography of São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Polise Moreira De Marchi

    2014-01-01

    The fundamental function of maps has always been to understand, interpret, and represent the world. Therefore, maps have a communication role, as a language. As communication tool, maps spatialize the interaction of social, economic and cultural urban realities in a graphic expression that provides the very meaning of urban systems. The aim of this paper is to report an academic study involving digital interface design graduate students. They investigated the role of locative media as potenti...

  20. Cartographies: Graduate Education, SOTL and the Third Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremonte, Colleen M.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the ways in which the scholarship of teaching and learning (SOTL) can be integrated into graduate education in the humanities to support future faculty preparation in teaching. Drawing on data from a multi-year project at a research-1 institution in the United States, and theories from postmodern geography and postcolonial…

  1. Debris flow cartography using differential GNSS and Theodolite measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaradze, Giorgi; Guinau, Marta; Calvet, Jaume; Furdada, Gloria; Victoriano, Ane; Génova, Mar; Suriñach, Emma

    2016-04-01

    The presented results form part of a CHARMA project, which pursues a broad objective of reducing damage caused by uncontrolled mass movements, such as rockfalls, snow avalanches and debris flows. Ultimate goal of the project is to contribute towards the establishment of new scientific knowledge and tools that can help in the design and creation of early warning systems. Here we present the specific results that deal with the application of differential GNSS and classical geodetic (e.g. theodolite) methods for mapping debris and torrential flows. Specifically, we investigate the Portainé stream located in the Pallars Sobirà region of Catalonia (Spain), in the eastern Pyrenees. In the last decade more than ten debris-flow type phenomena have affected the region, causing considerable economic losses. Since early 2014, we have conducted several field campaigns within the study area, where we have employed a multi-disciplinary approach, consisting of geomorphological, dendro-chronological and geodetic methods, in order to map the river bed and reconstruct the history of the extreme flooding and debris flow events. Geodetic studies included several approaches, using the classical and satellite based methods. The former consisted of angle and distance measurements between the Geodolite 502 total station and the reflecting prisms placed on top of the control points located within the riverbed. These type of measurements are precise, although present several disadvantages such as the lack of absolute coordinates that makes the geo-referencing difficult, as well as a relatively time-consuming process that involves two persons. For this reason, we have also measured the same control points using the differential GNSS system, in order to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the total station measurements with the GNSS. The latter measuring method is fast and can be conducted by one person. However, the fact that the study area is within the riverbed, often below the trees, limits the visibility of the satellites and thus, can result in meter-level errors while estimating the positions. We have conducted 2 measurements using various differential GNSS systems in March and in September of 2015. During these measurements we used Leica Viva GS14 receiver as a rover station, which was equipped with a GSM card to establish an internet connection in order to receive differential corrections from continuous GNSS networks. During the first campaign we have used the RTK positioning method using the SmartNet network (http://es.smartnet-eu.com) operated by Leica. This system had the advantage of transmitting differential corrections for GPS and GLONASS systems. During the second campaign, we have had an access to the ICGC (http://www.icc.cat) CatNet permanent GPS network, which only provides GPS satellite corrections. Here we present the analysis of the obtained precisions from these two RTK systems. Additionally, we have analyzed the geodetic data in a post-processing mode using the Leica Geo Office 8.4 software with IGS estimated final orbits. For this procedure, in addition to using the data from nearby CatNet CGPS stations, we have also used data from the base station(s) specifically setup near the study area during the campaign period. The work has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation project CHARMA: CHAracterization and ContRol of MAss Movements. A Challenge for Geohazard Mitigation (CGL2013-40828-R) and RISKNAT group (2014GR/1243).

  2. Probabilistic cartography of the large-scale structure

    CERN Document Server

    Leclercq, Florent; Lavaux, Guilhem; Wandelt, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    The BORG algorithm is an inference engine that derives the initial conditions given a cosmological model and galaxy survey data, and produces physical reconstructions of the underlying large-scale structure by assimilating the data into the model. We present the application of BORG to real galaxy catalogs and describe the primordial and late-time large-scale structure in the considered volumes. We then show how these results can be used for building various probabilistic maps of the large-scale structure, with rigorous propagation of uncertainties. In particular, we study dynamic cosmic web elements and secondary effects in the cosmic microwave background.

  3. MOLA: The New Approach for Mars Global Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    The MGS Orbiter is carrying the high-precision Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) which, when combined with telemetered latitude data, provides a tie between inertial space and Mars-fixed coordinates to an accuracy of 100 m in latitude/longitude and 10 m in radius (1 sigma), orders of magnitude more accurate than previous global geodetic/ cartographic control data. Over the 2 year MGS mission lifetime, it is expected that over 30,000 MOLA Global Cartographic Control Points will be produced to form the basis for new and re-derived map and geodetic products, key to the analysis of existing and evolving MGS data as well as future Mars exploration.

  4. Quasar Cartography: from Black Hole to Broad Line Region Scales

    CERN Document Server

    Chelouche, Doron

    2013-01-01

    A generalized approach to reverberation mapping (RM) is presented, which is applicable to broad- and narrow-band photometric data, as well as to spectroscopic observations. It is based on multivariate correlation analysis techniques and, in its present implementation, is able to identify reverberating signals across the accretion disk and the broad line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Statistical tests are defined to assess the significance of time-delay measurements using this approach, and the limitations of the adopted formalism are discussed. It is shown how additional constraints on some of the parameters of the problem may be incorporated into the analysis thereby leading to improved results. When applied to a sample of 14 Seyfert 1 galaxies having good-quality high-cadence photometric data, accretion disk scales and BLR sizes are simultaneously determined, on a case-by-case basis, in most objects. The BLR scales deduced here are in good agreement with the findings of independent spectrosc...

  5. Semantics-informed cartography: the case of Piemonte Geological Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piana, Fabrizio; Lombardo, Vincenzo; Mimmo, Dario; Giardino, Marco; Fubelli, Giandomenico

    2016-04-01

    In modern digital geological maps, namely those supported by a large geo-database and devoted to dynamical, interactive representation on WMS-WebGIS services, there is the need to provide, in an explicit form, the geological assumptions used for the design and compilation of the database of the Map, and to get a definition and/or adoption of semantic representation and taxonomies, in order to achieve a formal and interoperable representation of the geologic knowledge. These approaches are fundamental for the integration and harmonisation of geological information and services across cultural (e.g. different scientific disciplines) and/or physical barriers (e.g. administrative boundaries). Initiatives such as GeoScience Markup Language (last version is GeoSciML 4.0, 2015, http://www.geosciml.org) and the INSPIRE "Data Specification on Geology" http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_GE_v3.0rc3.pdf (an operative simplification of GeoSciML, last version is 3.0 rc3, 2013), as well as the recent terminological shepherding of the Geoscience Terminology Working Group (GTWG) have been promoting information exchange of the geologic knowledge. Grounded on these standard vocabularies, schemas and data models, we provide a shared semantic classification of geological data referring to the study case of the synthetic digital geological map of the Piemonte region (NW Italy), named "GEOPiemonteMap", developed by the CNR Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Torino (CNR IGG TO) and hosted as a dynamical interactive map on the geoportal of ARPA Piemonte Environmental Agency. The Piemonte Geological Map is grounded on a regional-scale geo-database consisting of some hundreds of GeologicUnits whose thousands instances (Mapped Features, polygons geometry) widely occur in Piemonte region, and each one is bounded by GeologicStructures (Mapped Features, line geometry). GeologicUnits and GeologicStructures have been spatially correlated through the whole region and described using the GeoSciML vocabularies. A hierarchical schema is provided for the Piemonte Geological Map that gives the parental relations between several orders of GeologicUnits referring to mostly recurring geological objects and main GeologicEvents, in a logical framework compliant with GeoSciML and INSPIRE data models. The classification criteria and the Hierarchy Schema used to define the GEOPiemonteMap Legend, as well as the intended meanings of the geological concepts used to achieve the overall classification schema, are explicitly described in several WikiGeo pages (implemented by "MediaWiki" open source software, https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki). Moreover, a further step toward a formal classification of the contents (both data and interpretation) of the GEOPiemonteMap was triggered, by setting up an ontological framework, named "OntoGeonous", in order to achieve a thorough semantic characterization of the Map.

  6. Automation of Morphometric Measurements for Planetary Surface Analysis and Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokhanov, A. A.; Bystrov, A. Y.; Kreslavsky, M. A.; Matveev, E. V.; Karachevtseva, I. P.

    2016-06-01

    For automation of measurements of morphometric parameters of surface relief various tools were developed and integrated into GIS. We have created a tool, which calculates statistical characteristics of the surface: interquartile range of heights, and slopes, as well as second derivatives of height fields as measures of topographic roughness. Other tools were created for morphological studies of craters. One of them allows automatic placing of topographic profiles through the geometric center of a crater. Another tool was developed for calculation of small crater depths and shape estimation, using C++ programming language. Additionally, we have prepared tool for calculating volumes of relief features from DTM rasters. The created software modules and models will be available in a new developed web-GIS system, operating in distributed cloud environment.

  7. Paradigm shift from cartography to geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2007-01-01

    , tools etc. In many ways the geo-domain is still dominated by the culture of the military-topographic mapping era. One of the major implications of this culture is that there is a major focus on the geometric positioning of material phenomena. The author of this paper suggests that the geo-domain is re-defined...... to be a communication discipline. The major argument for this position is that no information is ever recorded and stored just for its own purpose. There is always the purpose that any type of geo-information is recorded and stored for usage by someone. Always! Identification and registration of geo...

  8. Utilización de imágenes de radar (ERS y RADARSAT para la discriminación litológica y la cartografía estructural del sector central del Macizo del Deseado, Provincia de Santa Cruz Radar images (ERS and RADARSAT utilization for lithological discrimination and structural cartography of the central part of the Desaedo Massif, Santa Cruz province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Marchionni

    2010-06-01

    regional observation. The superficial extension of the present units and the outcropping discontinuity, usually hinder the field geological mapping and difficult the field recognition of the structural features, being facilitated their identification at a small scale. The results of an investigation based on the use of radar images (ERS-1 and ERS-2 SAR, and RADARSAT-1 SAR for the lithological discrimination and the structural cartography, through the application of different digital processing techniques and visual interpretation, are presented in this contribution. The tone and texture attributes of the radar images and their relationship with the lithological units of the area are analyzed, as well as the radar perception of directional features and the utility of the different digital analysis procedures for the extraction of lineal features and patterns that could be related to structural lineaments.

  9. Citizen cartography, strategies of resistance to established knowledge and collective forms of knowledge building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sannazzaro, Jorgelina

    2016-04-01

    Cultivation of genetically modified soybeans with the use of herbicides is now becoming widespread in Argentina. This work addresses an emblematic case of knowledge articulation between experts, professionals and communities, namely, the case of an association of people affected by fumigation Grupos de Pueblos Fumigados (GPF). The GPF warns against agrochemical spraying in urban areas, and its activists collect and disseminate information about its impact with a view to banning the practice. Here, we apply Parthasarathy's framework, used to analyse the strategies employed by activists to break the expertise barrier, to the case of the GPF, adding a new category to her original four strategies. There is an institutionalizing potential in these social and environmental movements, many of which are organized in the form of Civic Assemblies. The composition of the assemblies reflects a heterogeneous and multi-sectorial character; they articulate a new kind of knowledge that can be an appropriate interlocutor for traditional expert knowledge. PMID:25332204

  10. A Strange Cartography: Leylines, Landscape and “Deep Mapping” in the Works of Alfred Watkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Thurgill

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1921 the photographer, antiquarian and amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, delivered his newly formed thesis on the origins of ancient alignments in the west of England to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club of Hereford. Watkins posited a correlation between ancient forts, moats, mounds, churches, trees and place names, which he had shown to produce straight lines running across the landscape. In 1922 Watkins published his first book on the subject, Early British Trackways, mixing amateur archaeology, social history and supposition to introduce what Watkins named “leylines” and setting out the guidelines for other would-be ley hunters. This paper explores Watkins’ ley hunting as a practice of “deep mapping”, examining its use as an applied spatial engagement with the hidden trajectories of the landscape. In addition to providing a concise cultural history of the leyline, with particular reference to the works of Alfred Watkins, this paper develops a critical engagement with ley-walking through an auto-ethnographic response to a leyline that has been mapped and walked in Norfolk, England.

  11. Improvements in 3-D digital mapping for geomorphological and Quaternary geological cartography

    OpenAIRE

    Ambrosi, C; C. Scapozza

    2015-01-01

    In recent decades, GIS tools have been directly applied to photo-interpretative geomorphological and geological mapping. Although these tools are powerful and effective tools in the creation of digital maps, it is often very difficult to obtain a correct recognition of the nature and boundaries of geomorphological landforms using two-dimensional images. In addition, the output typically requires some improvements, usually by means of field verifications or using oblique fiel...

  12. Geological and Geomorphological Cartography at Scale 1: 10.000: a Tool of Management for Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Roqué i Pau, Carles; Pallí i Buxó, Lluís; Brusi i Belmonte, David; Capellà i Solà, Ignasi

    1995-01-01

    Geological and geomorphological mapping at scale 1:10.000 besides from being an important source of scientific information it is also a necessary tool for municipal organs in order to make proper decisions when dealing with geo-environmental problems concerning integral territorial development. In this work, detailed information is given on the contents of such maps, their social and economical application, and a balance of the investment and gains that derives from them

  13. Cartography of Pathway Signal Perturbations Identifies Distinct Molecular Pathomechanisms in Malignant and Chronic Lung Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arakelyan, Arsen; Nersisyan, Lilit; Petrek, Martin; Löffler-Wirth, Henry; Binder, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Lung diseases are described by a wide variety of developmental mechanisms and clinical manifestations. Accurate classification and diagnosis of lung diseases are the bases for development of effective treatments. While extensive studies are conducted toward characterization of various lung diseases at molecular level, no systematic approach has been developed so far. Here we have applied a methodology for pathway-centered mining of high throughput gene expression data to describe a wide range of lung diseases in the light of shared and specific pathway activity profiles. We have applied an algorithm combining a Pathway Signal Flow (PSF) algorithm for estimation of pathway activity deregulation states in lung diseases and malignancies, and a Self Organizing Maps algorithm for classification and clustering of the pathway activity profiles. The analysis results allowed clearly distinguish between cancer and non-cancer lung diseases. Lung cancers were characterized by pathways implicated in cell proliferation, metabolism, while non-malignant lung diseases were characterized by deregulations in pathways involved in immune/inflammatory response and fibrotic tissue remodeling. In contrast to lung malignancies, chronic lung diseases had relatively heterogeneous pathway deregulation profiles. We identified three groups of interstitial lung diseases and showed that the development of characteristic pathological processes, such as fibrosis, can be initiated by deregulations in different signaling pathways. In conclusion, this paper describes the pathobiology of lung diseases from systems viewpoint using pathway centered high-dimensional data mining approach. Our results contribute largely to current understanding of pathological events in lung cancers and non-malignant lung diseases. Moreover, this paper provides new insight into molecular mechanisms of a number of interstitial lung diseases that have been studied to a lesser extent. PMID:27200087

  14. Cartography with Locating Fermions in Extra Dimensions at Future Lepton Colliders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the model of Arkani-Hamed and Schmaltz the various chiral fermions of the Standard Model(SM) are localized at different points on a thick wall which forms an extra dimension. Such a scenario provides a way of understanding the absence of proton decay and the fermion mass hierarchy in models with extra dimensions. In this paper we explore the capability of future lepton colliders to determine the location of these fermions in the extra dimension through precision measurements of conventional scattering processes both below and on top of the lowest lying Kaluza-Klein gauge boson resonance. We show that for some classes of models the locations of these fermions can be very precisely determined while in others only their relative positions can be well measured

  15. Illustrating the phaenomena celestial cartography in antiquity and the Middle Ages

    CERN Document Server

    Dekker, Elly

    2013-01-01

    In this volume all extant celestial maps and globes made before 1500 are described and analysed. It also discusses the astronomical sources involved in making these artefacts in antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Islamic world and the European Renaissance before 1500.

  16. FOR A CARTOGRAPHY OF CHILDHOOD: DOMESTICITY AND DOMESTICATION IN ANDEAN COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Soledad Lema

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An analytical comprehension of the native ways of perceiving the relationship and management practices that societies have with plant communities at the Andes, conduces us to highlight the place that the local practices of mutual nurturing have, as a relational metapattern between humans and non humans. Studying these practices leads us to consider a new optic to address domestication processes and management practices of plants, being the analysis of its spatiality an essential aspect. In this paper we will look at the way in which the exercise of nurturing redefines domestic spaces in a broader sense that the “household” has in a restrictive meaning, allowing the domestic –although not always domesticated- status of some plant populations at a local level, having an impact in the evolutionary trajectories of those taxa involved. Plant nurturing will take us to consider different spots which are essential in the reproduction of the network of amplified sociability, being necessary to analyze not only the places of cultivation but also the places for storage and their role in the nurturing of seeds.

  17. Chemical cartography with apogee: Large-scale mean metallicity maps of the Milky Way disk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present Galactic mean metallicity maps derived from the first year of the SDSS-III APOGEE experiment. Mean abundances in different zones of projected Galactocentric radius (0 < R < 15 kpc) at a range of heights above the plane (0 < |z| < 3 kpc), are derived from a sample of nearly 20,000 giant stars with unprecedented coverage, including stars in the Galactic mid-plane at large distances. We also split the sample into subsamples of stars with low- and high-[α/M] abundance ratios. We assess possible biases in deriving the mean abundances, and find that they are likely to be small except in the inner regions of the Galaxy. A negative radial metallicity gradient exists over much of the Galaxy; however, the gradient appears to flatten for R < 6 kpc, in particular near the Galactic mid-plane and for low-[α/M] stars. At R > 6 kpc, the gradient flattens as one moves off the plane, and is flatter at all heights for high-[α/M] stars than for low-[α/M] stars. Alternatively, these gradients can be described as vertical gradients that flatten at larger Galactocentric radius; these vertical gradients are similar for both low- and high-[α/M] populations. Stars with higher [α/M] appear to have a flatter radial gradient than stars with lower [α/M]. This could suggest that the metallicity gradient has grown steeper with time or, alternatively, that gradients are washed out over time by migration of stars.

  18. Les images photographiques des dispositifs de cartographie numérique, ou la Terre selon Google

    OpenAIRE

    Krichane, Selim

    2016-01-01

    Me voilà à présent dans une ville qui m’est étrangère. Je découvre progressivement les secrets de cette mégalopole, en arpentant ses avenues et ses ruelles. Mais, assurément, je ne la connais pas. Une ville si grande que nul habitant n’en connaît toutes les strates. Je souhaite me rendre dans un restaurant, conseillé par un ami la veille au soir. Il m’a fourni le nom de l’établissement ainsi que des informations succinctes quant à son emplacement. Avant de m’y rendre, comme par réflexe, je ...

  19. Mapping Utopia: Cartography and Social Reform in 19th Century Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Graves

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available From the 16th century on, the great Southern continent figured in the European literary and political imagination as a field for utopian thought. While we might expect such Arcadian essays to tail off as the colonisation of Australia proceeded apace in the late 18th, early 19th centuries, such was not the case: there are many examples of utopian literature set in Australia in the 19th and 20th centuries, and several examples from the 1830s , the period examined in this article. This article explores the utopian elements in the work of three near contemporaries: Edward G. Wakefield (1796-1862, Thomas J. Maslen (1787-1857 and James Vetch (1789-1869 who mapped onto Australia political and social projects that had their origin and rationale in objectives for reform in the mother country. They brought to their self-appointed task underlying assumptions and biases that reveal a range of influences, not least those of colonial expansionism, and an imperial disregard for the realities of the terrain and inhabitants of a country they had never visited. The article undertakes a close reading of the maps, systems of nomenclature and division of territory proposed by two of the three: Maslen and Vetch, and their underlying rationale and function. Both writers sought to redraw the map of Australia in order to advance projects for reform, imposing on an ‘empty land’ principles of division and sub-division claimed to be rational and scientific and yet essentially utopian.

  20. The Katmandu and Gosainkund nappes, central Nepal Himalaya (cartography, structure, metamorphism, geochemistry and radio-chronology)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In central Nepal, a multidisciplinary study has been carried out to characterize and distinguish the crystalline nappes of Katmandu and Gosainkund from the Midland formations. Two principal deformations are recorded: one ductile, syn-metamorphic, marked by microstructures (stretching lineation, S-C structures, etc. ), another, post-metamorphic, recorded by an anticline, roughly EW -directed, and by NNE-SSW -directed folds. The syn-metamorphic P-T conditions show differences between Katmandu Crystalline Nappe (900-720 MPa; 700-480 deg C) and Gosainkund Crystalline Nappe (890-580 MPa; 750-590 deg C). They exhibit well preserved inverted metamorphism between the Upper Midland Formations (750 Mpa; 560 deg C) and the Gosainkund Nappe. In central Nepal, the augen gneisses and the 'Lesser Himalayan' Cambro-Ordovician granites bear similar petrographic and geochemical characteristics which suggest a common origin. However, the geological setting and age of the Proterozoic Ulleri augen gneiss rule out correlation with these formations. 40Ar/39Ar analyses of muscovite, indicate cooling ages younger from south to north: 22 to 13 Ma in the Katmandu Nappe, 16 to 5 Ma in the Gosainkund Nappe, and 12 to 6 Ma in the Midland Formation. The principal points summarized by this study are the following: clear distinction between two nappes marked by their litho-stratigraphy and metamorphism; the ductile movement of MCT in the north of Katmandu is blocked since approximately 25 Ma; the late emplacement and late or common post metamorphic history of the two nappes; but earlier cooling history of the Katmandu nappe; the present uplift of the Katmandu region, underlined by the intense micro-seismicity, concerns indifferently the two nappes that form a single tectonic block at present; the combined uplift of the two nappes is due to the displacement on a ramp of major decollement surface. (author)

  1. Advances in micro-cartography: A two-dimensional photo mosaicing technique for seagrass monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rende, S. F.; Irving, A. D.; Bacci, T.; Parlagreco, L.; Bruno, F.; De Filippo, F.; Montefalcone, M.; Penna, M.; Trabucco, B.; Di Mento, R.; Cicero, A. M.

    2015-12-01

    Seagrass meadows are complex ecosystems representing an important source of biodiversity for coastal marine systems, but are subjected to numerous threats from natural and human-based influences. Due to their susceptibility to changing environmental conditions, seagrasses are habitually used in monitoring programmes as biological indicators to assess the ecological status of coastal environments. In this paper we used a non-destructive photo mosaicing technology to quantify seagrass distribution and abundance, and explore benefits of micro-cartographic analysis. Furthermore, the use of photogrammetric tools enhanced the method, which proved to be efficient due to its use of low-cost instruments and its simplicity of implementation. This paper describes the steps required to use this method in meadows of Posidonia oceanica, including: i) camera calibration procedures, ii) programming of video survey, iii) criteria to perform sampling activities, iv) data processing and micro-georeferenced maps restitution, and v) possible study applications.

  2. Cartographier l’ontologie d’un territoire sur le web

    OpenAIRE

    Landivar, Diego; Monnin, Alexandre; Ramillien, Emilie

    2016-01-01

    Quelle est l’identité d’un territoire sur le Web ? Dans cet article nous explorons les modes d’identification et d’objectivation d’entités (en l’occurrence, ici, un pays) ayant une existence géographique admise hors du Web. Il apparait que la Bolivie, en tant qu’objet identifié au moyen du Web, alimenté par des contenus participatifs (blogs, commentaires, tweets, articles Wikipédia, contenus structurées sur DBpedia, etc.), est une entité en devenir qui prolifère et non un référent stable aux ...

  3. Diagnosis of breast cancer by polarization cartography of human blood plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintser, Ozar P.; Oliinychenko, B. P.

    2012-01-01

    The possibilities of polarization-optical diagnostics of plasma protein structures changes, which are connected with the breast pathologies, were investigated. As the main investigation object it has been used the coordinate structure of polarization states distributions of blood plasma images. The results were obtained by means of novel technique of digital polarimetry. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of blood plasma smears and pathological state of the organism. The diagnostic criteria of breast cancer nascency are determined.

  4. Characterization and cartography of topsoil hydraulic properties in a French mountainous peri-urban catchment

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Sosa, E.; Braud, I.; J. Dehotin; Branger, F.; Lagouy, M.

    2009-01-01

    International audience Due to the increase of urbanization and modification of agricultural practices, peri-urban areas experiment a quick change in land use. The impact of such change on the catchment hydrological cycle must be quantified. To achieve this goal, distributed hydrological models offer the ability to take into account land use change, and more specifically its effect on surface infiltration capacity. A distributed assessment of infiltration properties and their variability at...

  5. Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Metallicity Distribution Functions and the Chemical Structure of the Milky Way Disk

    CERN Document Server

    Hayden, Michael R; Holtzman, Jon A; Nidever, David L; Bird, Jonathan C; Weinberg, David H; Andrews, Brett H; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Anders, Friedrich; Beers, Timothy C; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Chiappini, Cristina; Cunha, Katia; Frinchaboy, Peter; García-Herńandez, Domingo A; Pérez, Ana E García; Girardi, Léo; Harding, Paul; Hearty, Fred R; Johnson, Jennifer A; Majewski, Steven R; Mészáros, Szabolcs; Minchev, Ivan; O'Connell, Robert; Pan, Kaike; Robin, Annie C; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schneider, Donald P; Schultheis, Mathias; Shetrone, Matthew; Skrutskie, Michael; Steinmetz, Matthias; Smith, Verne; Zamora, Olga; Zasowski, Gail

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 69,919 red giants from the SDSS-III/APOGEE Data Release 12, we measure the distribution of stars in the [$\\alpha$/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] plane and the metallicity distribution functions (MDF) across an unprecedented volume of the Milky Way disk, with radius $311$ kpc. The peak of the midplane MDF shifts to lower metallicity at larger $R$, reflecting the Galactic metallicity gradient. Most strikingly, the shape of the midplane MDF changes systematically with radius, with a negatively skewed distribution at $31$ kpc or [$\\alpha$/Fe]$>0.18$, the MDF shows little dependence on $R$. The positive skewness of the outer disk MDF may be a signature of radial migration; we show that blurring of stellar populations by orbital eccentricities is not enough to explain the reversal of MDF shape but a simple model of radial migration can do so.

  6. Transformations of consciousness. A cartography. I. The perception-hallucination continuum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, R

    1975-01-01

    Self-awareness emerges from the evolutionary transformation of material structures into magical, mythical and mental structures of consciousness. Western varieties of conscious states may be mapped on a perception-hallucination continuum of increasing ergotropic or hyper-arousal. These levels of subcortical arousal are cortically or cognitively interpreted as normal, creative, hyperhrenic, cataleptic and ecstatic states. During increasing hyper-arousal (characterized by EEG desynchronization): (1) the variability of the EEG amplitude decreases in introverts whereas in extroverts, it increases; (2) exteroception is transformed into an experience of interoception, while willed motor activity becomes increasingly impaired and ultimately inhibited, and (3) information processing during these hallucinatory states is preferentially shifted from the speech dominant and motor-coordinating or "major" toward the nonverbal, gestalt-perceiving, the non-dominant or "minor" cortical hemisphere. PMID:1230336

  7. Proton magnetic resonance neurospectroscopy and EEG cartography in corticobasal degeneration: correlations with neuropsychological signs

    OpenAIRE

    Vion-Dury, J; Rochefort, N; Michotey, P; Planche, D; M. Ceccaldi

    2004-01-01

    Methods: Eight patients with probable CBD were included in the study after full neurological examination and extensive neuropsychological testing, single photon emission computed tomography, anatomical x ray tomodensitometry (TDM), magnetic resonance imaging, and MRS examination.

  8. Cartographic (representations of local space: artistic maps adrift from School Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassio Expedito Galdino Pereira

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on the importance of teaching content related to the landscape that can be seen, we propose a reflection through the use of mental maps for the perception of landscape experienced by students. This claim will be defended through a case study in public schools in Barbalha in southern Ceará (Brazil. Based on the reflections of Deleuze and Guattari, we want to expose that the map is not an illustrative tracing in class, but multiple, singular, rhizomatic. Thus, we aim to unveil these geographies that are not visible in the textbook, personal geographies with their landscapes, impregnated by beliefs, ideologies and feelings that you have of the location.

  9. Digital cartography of the planets - New methods, its status, and its future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R. M.

    1987-01-01

    A system has been developed that establishes a standardized cartographic database for each of the 19 planets and major satellites that have been explored to date. Compilation of the databases involves both traditional and newly developed digital image processing and mosaicking techniques, including radiometric and geometric corrections of the images. Each database, or digital image model (DIM), is a digital mosaic of spacecraft images that have been radiometrically and geometrically corrected and photometrically modeled. During compilation, ancillary data files such as radiometric calibrations and refined photometric values for all camera lens and filter combinations and refined camera-orientation matrices for all images used in the mapping are produced. The system is designed to aid in the following: access to and utilization of spatial data returned by planetary spacecraft; coregistration of cartographic image and topographic elevation models with geological, geophysical, and geochemical databases; and the design and preparation of both standard and custom map products. A major goal of the project is to publish the DIMs on compact computer-compatible media such as digital-optical (CD-ROM) disks.

  10. DIGITAL CARTOGRAPHY OF THE PLANETS: NEW METHODS, ITS STATUS, AND ITS FUTURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, R.M.

    1987-01-01

    A system has been developed that establishes a standardized cartographic database for each of the 19 planets and major satellites that have been explored to date. Compilation of the databases involves both traditional and newly developed digital image processing and mosaicking techniques, including radiometric and geometric corrections of the images. Each database, or digital image model (DIM), is a digital mosaic of spacecraft images that have been radiometrically and geometrically corrected and photometrically modeled. During compilation, ancillary data files such as radiometric calibrations and refined photometric values for all camera lens and filter combinations and refined camera-orientation matrices for all images used in the mapping are produced.

  11. Geological Cartography of Inner Materials of an Impact Crater on Nepenthes Mensae, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenciano, A.; de Pablo, M. A.

    2012-03-01

    We present the geological map and a brief description of the materials, its geological history and an approach to their astrobiological and exopaleontological implications from sedimentary materials located into impact crater, in Nepenthes Mensae, Mars.

  12. Cartographie des débits de référence. Interpolation du module

    OpenAIRE

    Cipriani, T.; Sauquet, E.

    2012-01-01

    / Cette note intervient dans le cadre de la poursuite des travaux menés par l’Unité de Recherche Hydrologie-Hydraulique du centre de Lyon sur la régionalisation des débits de référence, notamment du débit annuel moyen interannuel ou module (Sauquet, 2005, 2006). L’objectif principal étant de mettre en place une série de formulations empiriques dont la forme est inspirée du bilan hydrique afin de déterminer le module en fonction de caractéristiques climatiques de bassin, relativeme...

  13. Cartographie et contrôle au Maroc sous le Protectorat espagnol (1912-1956

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Villanova

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La principale fonction des interventores (contrôleurs du Protectorat espagnol au Maroc entre 1912 et 1956 a consisté à surveiller l’action des autorités tribales marocaines pour asseoir la présence coloniale. Cependant, le Haut-Commissariat d’Espagne au Maroc leur a souvent demandé de préparer des rapports d’ordre économique, social ou à finalité militaire sur les tribus, généralement mal connues de l’autorité coloniale. Ces documents contiennent des cartes de qualité variée qui ont pu constituer un instrument précieux de contrôle et, dans certains cas, un outil de propagande au service de l’action coloniale espagnole.

  14. Cartography and Eurocodes - Symposium on the Occasion of the GIS Day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available GIS Day is an international forum of geoinformation system (GIS and technology users featuring successful GIS practice. GIS Day was first organized in 1999 (http://www.gisday.com/about.html. Ralph Nader conceived and initiated GIS Day, a day to stimulate learning about geospace and GIS use. More than 950 events on the occasion of GIS Day were registered in 2012.The Croatian Cartographic Society organized the conference on that occasion in the Hall of the Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy in Kačićeva 26, Zagreb, on November 14, 2012. The conference was co-organized by the Faculty of Geodesy of the University of Zagreb, the Meteorological and Hydrological Service, the Croatian Standards Institute, and the Croatian Meteorological Society. Prof. Dr. Miljenko Lapaine coordinated the event.

  15. Decolonizing cartographies : sovereignty, territoriality, and maps of meaning in the uranium landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Voyles, Traci Brynne

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation explores the development of the uranium industry on Native land in the southwest, with a particular emphasis on how Navajo land came to be host over 1,100 uranium mine and mill sites. The disproportionate location of uranium sites on Navajo land, and the fact that these sites have not been cleaned up to protect human and environmental health from the dangers of radiation, certainly makes this an urgent case of environmental racism. My study links the growing literature of en...

  16. A new CGMW map: The structural map of the Indian Ocean: An attempt at ocean cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), an IUGS affiliated body, has just issued the first edition of the Structural Map of the Indian Ocean which was presented during the 32nd IGC (Florence). During the 1980's, the Commission published the Geological Atlas of the World, which included the maps of the 5 oceans of the globe. Two decades have elapsed and the knowledge of the sea-floor experienced very significant progress; therefore some 5 years ago, the Commission decided to launch a new type of ocean mapping. The Structural Map of the Indian Ocean is the first of this new series of maps.

  17. Des cartographies de connaissances pour un pilotage des ressources humaines et des processus RH

    OpenAIRE

    Sellin, Kelly; Dudezert, Aurélie

    2010-01-01

    La gestion des ressources humaines s'inscrit dans la stratégie des organisations, désireuses de se démarquer d'une concurrence forte et de développer un avantage concurrentiel durable, au travers des connaissances et compétences dont elles disposent. Or, les fonctions RH sont confrontées à une dichotomie court terme/long terme, répondant à la fois aux exigences de l'opérationnel et à une nécessaire gestion anticipée des hommes et de leurs compétences pour répondre aux besoins présents et futu...

  18. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

    OpenAIRE

    Damien Le Guyader; David Brosset; Françoise Gourmelon

    2011-01-01

    Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France), difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System) et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique), le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de p...

  19. Ethnicity, Identity and Cartography: Possession/Dispossession, Homecoming /Homelessness in Contemporary Assam

    OpenAIRE

    Parag Moni Sarma

    2011-01-01

    Ethnicity is emerging as a focal consideration in the politics of identity in contemporary Assam, a state of the Indian union in the North East of India. Often identified as a flash point in the subversive politics that question the logistics of the Indian nation, North East India is emerging as a cartographic domain that posits questions of internal colonialism and hegemony. Cartographic reorientation of territory based on factors of linguistic and ethnic identity is perceived as a way to ac...

  20. Ethnicity, Identity and Cartography: Possession/Dispossession, Homecoming /Homelessness in Contemporary Assam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parag Moni Sarma

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ethnicity is emerging as a focal consideration in the politics of identity in contemporary Assam, a state of the Indian union in the North East of India. Often identified as a flash point in the subversive politics that question the logistics of the Indian nation, North East India is emerging as a cartographic domain that posits questions of internal colonialism and hegemony. Cartographic reorientation of territory based on factors of linguistic and ethnic identity is perceived as a way to acquire new homelands that will foster self-validation and the ‘all round development’ of the people. The North East of India is dotted with armed insurrection for autonomous territories under the Indian Union or total severance, depending on the population and the spatial domain of the ethnic groups in question. The linkages with questions of social, cultural and political marginalisation, as well as political assertion provide interesting scope for academic exploration. The present paper seeks to understand and trace such assertive movements in Assam to forces of historical neglect as well as the rhetoric of marginalisation that is surfeit in contemporary assertive idioms of different ethnic groups.

  1. Cosmic Thing: Astrology, Space Science, and Personal Cartography in Robert Rauschenberg's Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, C. L.

    2011-06-01

    The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.

  2. Attentional cartography: mapping the distribution of attention across time and space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J Eric T; Chan, David; Bennett, Patrick J; Pratt, Jay

    2015-10-01

    Decades of research have shown that the orienting of attention follows a reliable pattern of facilitation and then inhibition following a peripheral cue. However, the literature lacks a high-resolution spatiotemporal map of this pattern. Moreover, the use of visual placeholders to highlight potential stimulus locations is inconsistent. This is puzzling, given attention's well-known predilection for objects. In this article, we remedy these outstanding issues with a large-scale investigation charting the spatiotemporal distribution of attention. Participants detected targets presented at 121 possible locations 100, 200, 400, or 800 ms following an uninformative peripheral cue. The cued locations were presented with or without placeholders. With placeholders, the classic pattern of early facilitation and late inhibition was observed for targets appearing within the placeholders, and the spread of inhibition was severely limited to within the placeholders. Without placeholders, we observed inhibition shortly after cue presentation, upsetting the famously reliable effect of facilitation following a cue. Moreover, inhibition spread from the cued location, unlike when placeholders were present. This investigation has produced an eminently detailed spatiotemporal map of attentional orienting and illustrated the consequences of placeholder stimuli, with surprising results. PMID:26069197

  3. Cartographie des sols et informatique: pour une thématique au service des utilisateurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel BORNAND

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available La pédologie a organisé son information cartographique pour mieux la mettre à disposition des utilisateurs potentiels. Dans cette démarche, l'informatique occupe une place de choix qui peut encore s'accroître à l'avenir.

  4. Human Geography, Cartography, and Statistics: A Toolkit for Geopolitical Goals in Hungary until World War II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferenc Gyuris

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available After World War I, which resulted in Hungary surrendering approximately two-thirds of its territory, strong support was given to “Hungarian Studies” aimed at strengthening Hungarian identity and justifying revisionary attempts. This paper investigates how geography in general, and statistical and mapping methods in human geography in particular, contributed to the revisionist project in interwar Hungary. To put the story in its disciplinary context, the paper begins by presenting the links between power, territorial politics, and geography that have existed in Europe since geography was institutionalized as academic discipline. Second, the paper investigates how geography and political power became intertwined in Hungary in the decades between 1867 and the end of the peace negotiations after World War I. Third, the main section of the paper employs some case studies to explain how human geographers in Hungary deployed some of their central arguments during the interwar period to delegitimize the post-WWI European order and to substantiate the righteousness of Hungarian revisionist goals.

  5. Earthquake effects on the environment: from historical descriptions to thematic cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Guidoboni

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Catalogue of Strong Italian Earthquakes, all testimonies relating to effects on the environment have been systematically analysed, geo-referenced and filed. This complex work of research and organisation has been conducted according to two main perspectives: the historical and the geological point of view. As regards the historical point of view, on the one hand the elements of complexity have been highlighted relative to data which, particularly before the seventeenth century, had been produced within cognitive and cultural contexts which are now extremely remote and beyond naturalistic logic. On the other hand, from the seventeenth century, the growing attention of the cultural élite of the era towards environmental phenomena (now being seen within a naturalistic perspective, favoured the gradual enhancement of the corpus of information, also as regards the quality of the data. 2053 effects of earthquakes on the environment are listed in the CFTI3, classified into five categories which are in turn divided into other descriptive typologies. Many examples are also provided with the purpose of outlining the specific problems concerning the available data. As regards the geological point of view, the effects described in historical sources may be divided into two categories: the effects related to shaking, and the effects which may be due directly to the seismogenic source, generally with less territorial impact but of considerable scientific interest. Reference is also made to the various attempts to codify the environmental effects of earthquakes within the traditional macroseismic scales, although it is acknowledged that this operation is fraught with ambiguities. Prospective users of the CFTI3 are encouraged to take advantage of the availability of the original testimonies to develop their own interpretations of the phenomena described.

  6. Earthquake effects on the environment. From historical descriptions to thematic cartography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valensise, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica, Rome (Italy); Guidoboni, E. [Storia Geofisica Ambiente, Bologna (Italy)

    2000-08-01

    If the Catalogue of Strong Italian Earthquakes, all testimonies relating to effects on the environment have been systematically analysed, geo-referenced and filed. This complex work of research and organization has been conducted according to two main perspectives: the historical and the geological point of view. As regards the historical point of view, on the one hand the elements of complexity have been highlighted relative to data which, particularly before the seventeenth century, had been produced within cognitive and cultural context which are now extremely remote and beyond naturalistic logic. On the other hand, from the seventeenth century, the growing attention of the cultural elite of the era towards environmental phenomena (now being seen within a naturalistic perspective), favoured the gradual enhancement of the corpus of information, also as regards the quality of the data, 2053 effects of earthquakes on the environment are listed in the CFTI3, classified into five categories which are in turn divided into other descriptive typologies. Many examples are also provided with the purpose of outlining the specific problems concerning the available data. As regards the geological point of view, the effects described in historical sources may be divided into two categories: the effects related to shaking, and the effects which may be due directly to the seismogenic source, generally with less territorial impact but of considerable scientific interest. Reference is also made to the various attempts to codify the environmental effects of earthquakes within the traditional macro seismic scales, although it is acknowledged that this operation is fraught with ambiguities. Prospective users of the CFTI3 are encouraged to take advantage of the availability of the original testimonies to develop their own interpretations of the phenomena described.

  7. The changing immigrant cartography of Auckland, New Zealand: An Asian ethnic precinct

    OpenAIRE

    Spoonley, P.; Meares, C.; R. Peace; Cain, T.

    2014-01-01

    New Zealand’s post-1987 business and skill-focussed immigrant recruitment policies have had several consequences for Auckland, including the transformation of numerous public spaces. One manifestation of this process of change has been the co-location of immigrant-dominated retailing in ethnic business precincts, which provides both economic and social network spaces for immigrant interaction with co-ethnics, and a zone of contact between immigrants and others. This paper describes the exampl...

  8. E-diasporas Atlas. Exploration and Cartography of Diasporas in the Digital Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana DUMITRIU

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The symbolic imperialism of internet, which ended up covering every aspect of our life, whether public or private, meant also a redefining process in terms of social space, social time and social relationships. Moreover, it contributed as a significant platform and amplifier resort to the consolidation of the 'network society' (Castelles, 1996 and its expansion to the virtual level. Each component of the social dynamics found its corollary and, in many cases, its substitute in the 'e'-reality generated by the new technologies and, therefore, we now speak of e-democracy, e-learning, e-culture etc. In this context, e-diaspora, which constitutes theconceptual anchor of the 'E-diasporas Atlas' project reflects 'a migrant collective that organises itself and is active first and foremost on the Web'(1. Principles of mobility and connectivityare sped up by the internet nature itself, as it provides both the platform, as well as the channel for time and space contraction, making social relations surpass the pressure and constrainsof physical distance. As a heterogeneous entity, e-diaspora covers practices of a "community whose interactions are 'enhanced' by digital exchange"(1 and is subject to a permanent process of renegotiating its boundaries.

  9. Mapping the Vertical Battlespace:Towards a Legal Cartography of Aerial Sovereignty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munro, Campbell Alexander Omoluaye

    2014-01-01

    Proliferating drone violence has instantiated the notion of an unbounded global battlespace. Mapping the vertical battlespace layered over the target zones of the imperial periphery discloses how antecedent legalities legitimate violence exercised exclusively from above, and reveals the imperial...

  10. Cartographies of the Political Camp of Afro-Descendents in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Lao-Montes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article lays out, in general terms, what it calls the political camp of Afro-descendents in Latin America. After establishing a series of theoretical and methodological criteria for the historical analysis of black movements in modernity and the Afro-American movements in particular, the article focuses on the emergence of afro-descendant movements in Latin America during the last part of the 1980s. One of the principal arguments is that in the 1990s a political camp of afro-descendents starts to emerge in the region of Latin America based on a series of developments, including the emergence of new social movements that included ethno-racial movements of Afros and indigenous people, events of regional importance like the contra-celebration of 1492 in 1992, the World Conference against Racism 2001 in Durban, South Africa, and the effects of the neoliberal pattern of globalization. The political camp of Afro-descendents is composed not only of social movements, but also of state actors and transnational actors (such as the World Bank and the Ford Foundation. The article concludes with an analysis of the challenges and perspectives of Afro-American politics in general and of Afro-Latin movements in particular considering the current crisis of the modern/colonial world-system.

  11. Quasar cartography: From black hole to broad-line region scales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chelouche, Doron [Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905 (Israel); Zucker, Shay, E-mail: doron@sci.haifa.ac.il, E-mail: shayz@post.tau.ac.il [Department of Geophysical, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

    2013-06-01

    A generalized approach to reverberation mapping (RM) is presented, which is applicable to broad- and narrowband photometric data, as well as to spectroscopic observations. It is based on multivariate correlation analysis techniques and, in its present implementation, is able to identify reverberating signals across the accretion disk and the broad-line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Statistical tests are defined to assess the significance of time-delay measurements using this approach, and the limitations of the adopted formalism are discussed. It is shown how additional constraints on some of the parameters of the problem may be incorporated into the analysis thereby leading to improved results. When applied to a sample of 14 Seyfert 1 galaxies having good-quality high-cadence photometric data, accretion disk scales and BLR sizes are simultaneously determined, on a case-by-case basis, in most objects. The BLR scales deduced here are in good agreement with the findings of independent spectroscopic RM campaigns. Implications for the photometric RM of AGN interiors in the era of large surveys are discussed.

  12. Towards a New Cartography of Curriculum Reform: Reflections on Educational Decentralization in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussel, Ines; Tiramonti, Guillermina; Birgin, Alejandra

    2000-01-01

    States that educational reforms in Argentina have reshaped both school knowledge and institutional patterns of school administration. Analyzes the process of "curriculum reterritorialization" in Argentina, the contradictions and displacements it produces, and the hybrid products that result. Traces reterritorialization through four movements. (CMK)

  13. Whole-genome cartography of p53 response elements ranked on transactivation potential

    OpenAIRE

    Tebaldi, Toma; Zaccara, Sara; Alessandrini, Federica; Bisio, Alessandra; Ciribilli, Yari; Inga, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    Background Many recent studies using ChIP-seq approaches cross-referenced to trascriptome data and also to potentially unbiased in vitro DNA binding selection experiments are detailing with increasing precision the p53-directed gene regulatory network that, nevertheless, is still expanding. However, most experiments have been conducted in established cell lines subjected to specific p53-inducing stimuli, both factors potentially biasing the results. Results We developed p53retriever, a patter...

  14. Countering Asocial Justice: Consumer Culture, Stance and a Cartography of Encounter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Matthew Dean

    2013-01-01

    In Social Foundations classrooms, social justice approaches to questions of difference are certainly part of the curriculum. After teaching numerous Social Foundations courses, I encountered several issues related to the way rigid identity categories were complemented by neoliberal narratives that seemed to limit class conversation in troubling…

  15. Cartographie et estimation globale de la position pour un robot mobile autonome

    OpenAIRE

    Filliat, David

    2001-01-01

    Managing the movements of an autonomous mobile robot in its environment is a problem that has been tackled since the early integration of arti ficial intelligence and robotics. However, this problem remains di fficult and no general solution has been devised. Among existing navigation strategies, we will focus on those that use a map to represent the spatial layout of the environment and that allow to plan movements toward distant goals. Map-building and self-positioning within these maps are...

  16. Cartographies of the Political Camp of Afro-Descendents in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Lao-Montes

    2009-01-01

    This article lays out, in general terms, what it calls the political camp of Afro-descendents in Latin America. After establishing a series of theoretical and methodological criteria for the historical analysis of black movements in modernity and the Afro-American movements in particular, the article focuses on the emergence of afro-descendant movements in Latin America during the last part of the 1980s. One of the principal arguments is that in the 1990s a political camp of afro-descendents ...

  17. Cartographie bathymétrique du littoral corallien par classification d'images de télédétection = Bathymetric cartography of coral coasts from classification of remote sensing images

    OpenAIRE

    Masson, P.; Dubois, G.; Le Lann, G.; Roux, C.; Hillion, A.

    1992-01-01

    L'objet de l'étude est d'associer à un résultat de classification une mesure de fiabilité rendant compte des diverses incertitudes pouvant fausser les décisions. Dans le cadre de l'application visée, nous cherchons à classer un site S d'une scène de mer composé d'un ensemble de sites élémentaires si (pixels); en affectant une classe de profondeur (parmi un ensemble fini de classes) à chaque pixel au vu de la mesure multispectrale (valeurs radiométriques) observée au pixel. Notre méthode consi...

  18. Évolution récente de la population de Russie (1979-2002: cartographie interactive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Eckert

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The regional distribution of Russia's population changed substantially between the three censuses of 1979, 1989 and 2002. Despite obvious imperfections, the last Russian census offers an overview of the main trends. The key dynamics are highlighted by webbased SVG interactive mapping. Readers can traverse the series of analytical maps proposed, on the scale they and with permanent access to the source data.

  19. Contribution à la cartographie géomorphologique de la dynamique sédimentaire des petits bassins versants torrentiels

    OpenAIRE

    Theler D.

    2010-01-01

    Les laves torrentielles sont l'un des vecteurs majeurs de sédiments en milieu montagneux. Leur comportement hydrogéomorphologique est contrôlé par des facteurs géologique, géomorphologique, topographique, hydrologique, climatique et anthropique. Si, en Europe, la recherche s'est plus focalisée sur les aspects hydrologiques que géomorphologiques de ces phénomènes, l'identification des volumes de sédiments potentiellement mobilisables au sein de petits systèmes torrentiels et des processus resp...

  20. Specific interactions of functionalised gold surfaces with ammonium perchlorate or starch; towards a chemical cartography of their mixture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercier, D.; Mercader, C.; Quere, S.; Hairault, L.; Méthivier, C.; Pradier, C. M.

    2012-10-01

    By functionalising gold samples, planar wafers or AFM tips, with an acid- or an amino acid-terminated thiols, mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) and homocystein (H-Cyst) respectively, we were able to differentiate the interactions with ammonium perchlorate (AP) and starch (S), two components of a nanocomposition mixture. To do so, the interaction between gold functionalized surfaces and the two targeted compounds have been characterized and quantified by several complementary techniques. Polarisation modulation-infrared spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), providing chemical analyses of gold surfaces after contacting S or AP, proved that both compounds were retained on MUA or H-Cyst-modified surfaces, but to various extents. Quartz crystal microbalance on-line measurements enabled to monitor the kinetics of interaction and showed distinct differences in the behaviour of MUA and H-Cyst-surfaces towards the two compounds. Having observed that only H-Cyst-modified surfaces enables to get a contrast on the chemical force microscopy (CFM) images, this new result could be well explained by examining the data obtained by combining the above-mentioned surface characterisation techniques.

  1. Specific interactions of functionalised gold surfaces with ammonium perchlorate or starch; towards a chemical cartography of their mixture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercier, D. [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Mercader, C.; Quere, S.; Hairault, L. [CEA, DAM, Le Ripault, F-37260 Monts (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Methivier, C. [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France); Pradier, C.M., E-mail: claire-Marie.pradier@upmc.fr [CNRS, UMR CNRS 7609, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - UPMC Paris VI, Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Laboratoire de recherche conventionne CEA/UPMC n Degree-Sign 1, Paris (France)

    2012-10-01

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Measurements of interactions by Quartz Crystal Microbalance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer AFM and CFM measurements, tip functionalisation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Surface nano-imaging. - Abstract: By functionalising gold samples, planar wafers or AFM tips, with an acid- or an amino acid-terminated thiols, mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) and homocystein (H-Cyst) respectively, we were able to differentiate the interactions with ammonium perchlorate (AP) and starch (S), two components of a nanocomposition mixture. To do so, the interaction between gold functionalized surfaces and the two targeted compounds have been characterized and quantified by several complementary techniques. Polarisation modulation-infrared spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), providing chemical analyses of gold surfaces after contacting S or AP, proved that both compounds were retained on MUA or H-Cyst-modified surfaces, but to various extents. Quartz crystal microbalance on-line measurements enabled to monitor the kinetics of interaction and showed distinct differences in the behaviour of MUA and H-Cyst-surfaces towards the two compounds. Having observed that only H-Cyst-modified surfaces enables to get a contrast on the chemical force microscopy (CFM) images, this new result could be well explained by examining the data obtained by combining the above-mentioned surface characterisation techniques.

  2. Analyse par intervalles pour la localisation et la cartographie simultanées; Application à la robotique sous-marine

    OpenAIRE

    Le Bars, Fabrice

    2011-01-01

    This thesis studies the simultaneous localization and mapping problem for submarine robots, and its resolution methods using interval analysis. The principle of SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) is the following: a submarine robot usually knows its initial position (when it is at the surface thanks to a GPS), its moving model (approximately) and has sensors enabling it to estimate its position (pressure sensor to get its depth, DVL to get its speed and measure its distance to the s...

  3. cARTography / kARTografija – Konferencija / Izložbe / Radionica, Zagreb, 15. travnja 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hrvatsko kartografsko društvo, Ge­­­o­­­detski fakultet i Akademija likovnih umjetnosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, u su­ra­dnji s Odjelom za geografiju Sveuči­lišta u Zadru, organizirali su konferen­ciju Kartografija i umjetnost – kARTografija. Prof. Dr. Georg Gartner, predsjednik Međunarodnoga kartografskog društva (International Cartographic Associa­tion – ICA bio je pozvani predavač.Pri proučavanju slikovnoga materijala obično se karte smatraju jednom vrstom objekata, a slike nekom dru­gom. Karte pružaju informacije o položaju i veličini mjesta te daju odnose između mjesta – to su podaci koji se najčešće mogu izmjeriti. Za razliku od karata, slike krajolika evociraju, pobu­đuju predodžbe, njihov cilj je komunicirati kvalitetu mjesta ili potaknuti gledateljeve osjećaje o tome. Karte su bliže znanosti, a slike krajolika umjetnosti i to je opći i uobičajeni pogled ili stav.

  4. Cartographie normalisée de l’évolution du trait de côte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahima Faye

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre d'un projet régional de suivi du trait de côte d'Afrique de l'Ouest, une réflexion méthodologique visant à normaliser la présentation cartographique des synthèses diachroniques locales a été engagée. Cependant, l'étendue des variations spatio-temporelles de la position de ce linéaire côtier de plus de 5000 km est très grande tandis que localement, ses mouvements sont parfois si minimes qu'il est difficile d'en rendre compte cartographiquement même à grande échelle. Pour exprimer tout le spectre de ces variations, le modèle proposé associe une représentation cartographique et une représentation graphique et statistique sectorielle de la cinématique littorale.

  5. Comptabilité sans frontières: intérêt d'une cartographie

    OpenAIRE

    Stéphanie Chatelain-Ponroy; Olivier Vidal

    2013-01-01

    Comme bien des domaines des sciences de gestion le champ de la comptabilité n'échappe pas aux métaphores. Parmi elles, l'expression " langage comptable " est sans doute la plus courante. Mais d'autres métaphores sont utilisées, comme celles de la photographie, des lentilles ou du jeu de société Scrabble. Chacune met l'accent sur certaines des nombreuses caractéristiques de la comptabilité. Dans cet article nous proposons une nouvelle métaphore, celle de la carte, pour décrire, comprendre et e...

  6. Use of cartography in historical seismicity analysis: a reliable tool to better apprehend the contextualization of the historical documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibault, Fradet; Grégory, Quenet; Kevin, Manchuel

    2014-05-01

    Historical studies, including historical seismicity analysis, deal with historical documents. Numerous factors, such as culture, social condition, demography, political situations and opinions or religious ones influence the way the events are transcribed in the archives. As a consequence, it is crucial to contextualize and compare the historical documents reporting on a given event in order to reduce the uncertainties affecting their analysis and interpretation. When studying historical seismic events it is often tricky to have a global view of all the information provided by the historical documents. It is also difficult to extract cross-correlated information from the documents and draw a precise historical context. Use of cartographic and geographic tools in GIS software is the best tool for the synthesis, interpretation and contextualization of the historical material. The main goal is to produce the most complete dataset of available information, in order to take into account all the components of the historical context and consequently improve the macroseismic analysis. The Entre-Deux-Mers earthquake (1759, Iepc= VII-VIII) [SISFRANCE 2013 - EDF-IRSN-BRGM] is well documented but has never benefited from a cross-analysis of historical documents and historical context elements. The map of available intensity data from SISFRANCE highlights a gap in macroseismic information within the estimated epicentral area. The aim of this study is to understand the origin of this gap by making a cartographic compilation of both, archive information and historical context elements. The results support the hypothesis that the lack of documents and macroseismic data in the epicentral area is related to a low human activity rather than low seismic effects in this zone. Topographic features, geographical position, flood hazard, roads and pathways locations, vineyards distribution and the forester coverage, mentioned in the archives and reported on the Cassini's map confirm this hypothesis. The location of the recently explored documentary sources evidence that there was no notarial activity in this particular area at that time. The importance of the economic and political dominance of Bordeaux during the XVIIth-XVIIIth centuries has to be taken into account in order to apprehend the way the earthquake was reported by the population at the regional scale. Elements related to chimneys forms or construction techniques could in turn help in identifying regional peculiarities allowing better quantifying the vulnerability aspects of the region.

  7. Geochemical cartography as a tool for assessing the degree of soil contamination with heavy metals in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymon Borkowski, Andrzej; Kwiatkowska-Malina, Jolanta

    2016-04-01

    Spatial disposition of chemical elements including heavy metals in the soil environment is a very important information during preparation of the thematic maps for the environmental protection and/or spatial planning. This knowledge is also essential for the earth's surface and soil's monitoring, designation of areas requiring improvement including remediation. The main source of anthropogenic pollution of soil with heavy metals are industry related to the mining coal and liquid fuels, mining and metallurgy, chemical industry, energy production, waste management, agriculture and transport. The geochemical maps as a kind of specific thematic maps made on the basis of datasets obtained from the Polish Geological Institute's resources allow to get to know the spatial distribution of different chemical elements including heavy metals in soil. The results of the research carried out by the Polish Geological Institute showed strong contamination in some regions in Poland mainly with arsenic, cadmium, lead and nickel. For this reason it was the point to prepare geochemical maps showing contamination of soil with heavy metals, and determine main sources of contamination and zones where heavy metals concentration was higher than acceptable contents. It was also presented a summary map of soil contamination with heavy metals. Additionally, location of highly contaminated zones was compiled with predominant in those areas types of arable soils and then results were thoroughly analyzed. This information can provide a base for further detailed studies on the soil contamination with heavy metals.

  8. Cartographie génétique des composés phénoliques de la pomme

    OpenAIRE

    Verdu, Cindy

    2013-01-01

    In relation to their antioxidant potential, phenolic compounds are usually associated with a protective effect on the human health of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. They are also widely associated to the organoleptic quality of ciders since they affect bitterness, astringency, color and aroma. Two studies have recently been published on QTL detection for the phenolic content of dessert apple. No study has yet been published for cider apple, even though they are usually more concentrate...

  9. New velocimetry and revised cartography of the spiral arms in the Milky Way—a consistent symbiosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent advances in the determinations of the positions (pitch angle, shape, numbers, interarm separation) and velocities (rotation curve) of the spiral arms are evaluated and compared to previous determinations. Based on these results, an average cartographic model is developed that fits the means of basic input data and provides predictions for the locations of the arms in the Milky Way, for each galactic quadrant. For each spiral arm segment in each galactic quadrant, the LSR radial velocities are calculated for the radial distance as well as for its galactic longitude. From our velocimetric model, arm intercepts (between line of sights and spiral arms) are indicated in velocity space and may be used to find the distance and velocity to any arm, in a given longitude range. Velocity comparisons between model predictions and published CO velocity distribution are done for each galactic quadrant, with good results. Our velocimetric model is not hydromagnetic in character, nor is it a particle-simulation scheme, yet it is simple to use for comparisons with the observations and it is in symbiosis and consistent with our cartographic model (itself simple to use for comparisons with observations). A blending in velocity of the Perseus and Cygnus arms is further demonstrated, as well as an apparent longitude-velocity blending of the starting points of the four spiral arms near 4 kpc (not a physical ring). An integrated (distance, velocity) model for the mass in the disk is employed, to yield the total mass of 3.0 × 1011 M☉ within a galactic radius of 28 kpc.

  10. Contribution à la cartographie 3D des parois internes de la vessie par cystoscopie à vision active

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Hamadou, Achraf

    2011-01-01

    La cystoscopie est actuellement l'examen clinique de référence permettant l'exploration visuelle des parois internes de la vessie. Le cystoscope (instrument utilisé pour cet examen) permet d'acquérir une séquence vidéo des parois épithéliales de la vessie. Cependant, chaque image de la séquence vidéo ne visualise qu'une surface réduite de quelques centimètres carrés de la paroi. Les travaux réalisés dans le cadre de cette thèse ont pour objectif de construire une carte 3D reproduisant d'une m...

  11. Globalising cartography?:the International Map of the World, the International Geographical Union, and the United Nations

    OpenAIRE

    Pearson, Alastair; Heffernan, M

    2015-01-01

    Few maps mirror the history of the twentieth century as closely as the International Map of the World (IMW). A proposal for a map of the entire globe on a scale of 1:1 million, using standard conventions and symbols, was presented at the Fifth International Geographical Congress (IGC) in Berne in 1891 by the German geographer Albrecht Penck. Over two decades later, the final specification was finally published shortly before the outbreak of World War One, a crisis that brought a halt to the i...

  12. Moving through Medieval Macedonia: Late Modern Cartography, Archive Material and Hydrographic Data Used for the Regressive Modelling of Transportation Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Popović, Mihailo St.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to illustrate how the rich data which was gathered during the scholarly work on Macedonia, Southern Part (Tabula Imperii Byzantini, 11) as well as on Macedonia, Northern Part (Tabula Imperii Byzantini, 16) from 2002 until 2010 can be combined with applications deriving from Historical Geographic Information System (HGIS) in order to create a case study on the transportation network and on the hydrography of Lake Vegoritis in the historical region of M...

  13. Le TGV et le mistral dans les espaces arboricoles: cartographie de la perturbation du vent par un remblai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Quénol

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Afin d’analyser les conséquences de l’implantation d’un remblai ferroviaire sur l’écoulement superficiel du mistral, des mesures du vent ont été effectuées sur huit parcelles d’arbres fruitiers dans la basse vallée de la Durance; réalisées avant, puis après la construction de l’ouvrage, elles ont permis de définir deux niveaux de protection et de déterminer des surfaces où le remblai est à l’origine de tourbillons supplémentaires. L’extrapolation spatiale des résultats sur SIG montre qu’après construction de la ligne, des petites portions de parcelles à proximité du remblai sont affectées par des tourbillons supplémentaires dommageables pour les fruits.

  14. Contributions aux méthodes de localisation et cartographie simultanées par vision omnidirectionnelle

    OpenAIRE

    Joly, Cyril

    2010-01-01

    Estimating the motion of a mobile robot while simultaneously building a representation of its environment is a key problem for autonomous robotics. This problem is known as SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping). In this thesis, we address the problem of Bearing-only Visual SLAM based on an omnidirectional camera. The environment is made of point-based landmarks whose depth is never measured directly. We first made a state of the art of SLAM solving methods. We finally kept two algorith...

  15. Une méthode de cartographie du risque érosif: application aux collines du Terrefort lauragais

    OpenAIRE

    Fox, Dennis; Jean Morschel

    2004-01-01

    A soil erosion risk map is an essential tool for soil conservation planning. It provides a general view of erosion problems and makes it possible to identify sectors requiring emergency action. The erosion risk map produced for this study was achieved by spatialising the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). The aim of this article is to demonstrate the steps involved in developing a soil erosion risk map.

  16. Les limites de la cartographie des risques littoraux : des perspectives pour la compréhension de tous

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaud, Aurélie

    2015-01-01

    Grâce à l’utilisation d’un langage à la fois figuratif et symbolique, la carte est considérée comme une image qui permet une « lecture globale et instantanée » de l’information (Levy, 2002). La carte offre la possibilité de lire un ensemble de représentations de l’espace. Si son support de lecture répandu est le papier, les écrans (ordinateurs, tablettes et téléphones) deviennent actuellement des interfaces de visualisation privilégiées. Ceux-ci s’accompagnent de deux apports technologiques c...

  17. Cartography intended to data gravimetric representation Cartografia destinada à representação de dados gravimétricos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian de Oliveira Fernandes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This work will be exposed to the application of thematic mapping techniques for proper representation of the gravity data, through explanation of the application isolines maps. The data used for this study are part of a database gravity from the Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (IAG and Companhia Paranaense de Energia Eletrica (Copel Paraná, totaling approximately 9000 stations, among these geodetic data, gravity and topography. In the mapping process, first evaluated phenomenon classification in question to define the vertical intervals and points distribution analysis. Later interpolation was performed with the aid of the isolines Surfer and the representation of the final gravimetric map for the Curitiba city.Neste trabalho será exposta a aplicação de técnicas de cartografia temática para a adequada representação de dados gravimétricos, através da explanação da aplicação do mapeamento de isolinhas. Os dados utilizados para este estudo fazem parte de um banco de dados gravimétricos provenientes do Instituto Astronômico e Geofísico (IAG e Companhia Paranaense de Energia Elétrica (COPEL do Paraná, totalizando aproximadamente 9000 estações, entre estes dados geodésicos, gravimétricos e topográficos. No processo de mapeamento, primeiramente foi avaliada a classificação do fenômeno em questão para definição dos intervalos verticais e análise da distribuição dos pontos. Posteriormente foi realizada a interpolação das isolinhas com auxílio do programa Surfer e a representação final do mapa gravimétrico para o município de Curitiba.

  18. 3D structural cartography based on magnetic and gravity data inversion - Case of South-West Algeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hichem, Boubekri; Mohamed, Hamoudi; Abderrahmane, Bendaoud; Ivan, Priezzhev; Karim, Allek

    2015-12-01

    This article presents the results of 3D aeromagnetic and gravity data inversion across the West African Craton (WAC) in South West Algeria. Although the used data have different origins and resolutions, the performed manual and automatic interpretation for each dataset shows a good correlation with some earlier geological studies of the region, major structural aspects of the locality, as well as other new structural features. Many curved faults parallel to the suture zone indicate the presence of terranes or the metacratonization of the WAC and a related fault network of great importance with NE-SW and NW-SE directions. The mega shear zones from north to south, which are visible at the surface in the Hoggar, are also observed along the Saharan Platform. The fact that these faults are observed since the Cambro-Ordovician in all crust (including the Saharan Basins) indicates that this area, which is situated on the border of the WAC, remained active during the entire period of time.

  19. Cartographie 3D et localisation par vision monoculaire pour la navignation autonome d'un robot mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Royer, Eric

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents the realization of a localization system for a mobile robot relying on monocular vision. The aim of this project is to be able to make a robot follow a path in autonomous navigation in an urban environment. First, the robot is driven manually. During this learning step, the on board camera records a video sequence. After an off-line processing step, an image taken with the same hardware allows to compute the pose of the robot in real-time. This localization can be used to...

  20. Part 2: the Earliest World Map, Babylonia, c. 500 B.C. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses a cuneiform Babylonian tablet from about 500 B.C., the earliest extant world map. Explores bases for contemporary interpretation of the map. Observes that the map contains representations found in later maps. Suggests that modern views of the world are no less culturally laden than much earlier perspectives were. (SG)

  1. High-resolution tSZ cartography of clusters of galaxies with NIKA at the IRAM 30-m telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Mayet, F; Adane, A; Ade, P; André, P; Arnaud, M; Bartalucci, I; Beelen, A; Benoît, A; Bideaud, A; Billot, N; Blanquer, G; Boudou, N; Bourrion, O; Calvo, M; Catalano, A; Coiffard, G; Comis, B; Cruciani, A; Désert, F -X; Doyle, S; Goupy, J; Hasnoun, B; Hermelo, I; Kramer, C; Lagache, G; Leclercq, S; Macías-Pérez, J F; Mauskopf, P; Monfardini, A; Pajot, F; Perotto, L; Pointecouteau, E; Ponthieu, N; Pratt, G W; Revéret, V; Ritacco, A; Rodriguez, L; Ruppin, F; Schuster, K; Sievers, A; Triqueneaux, S; Tucker, C; Zylka, R

    2016-01-01

    The thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (tSZ) is a powerful probe to study clusters of galaxies and is complementary with respect to X-ray, lensing or optical observations. Previous arcmin resolution tSZ observations ({\\it e.g.} SPT, ACT and Planck) only enabled detailed studies of the intra-cluster medium morphology for low redshift clusters ($z < 0.2$). Thus, the development of precision cosmology with clusters requires high angular resolution observations to extend the understanding of galaxy cluster towards high redshift. NIKA2 is a wide-field (6.5 arcmin field of view) dual-band camera, operated at $100 \\ {\\rm mK}$ and containing $\\sim 3300$ KID (Kinetic Inductance Detectors), designed to observe the millimeter sky at 150 and 260 GHz, with an angular resolution of 18 and 12 arcsec respectively. The NIKA2 camera has been installed on the IRAM 30-m telescope (Pico Veleta, Spain) in September 2015. The NIKA2 tSZ observation program will allow us to observe a large sample of clusters (50) at redshift ranging...

  2. Catabática: cartografías de subjetividades fronterizas Catabática: border subjectivities cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Moraga García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Catabática es el primer libro que compone una trilogía de la poeta Ivonne Coñue-car, el que explora los contornos fronterizos en la constitución de la experiencia y en la autoproducción de subjetividad, teniendo como soporte inevitable de ambas, el cuerpo. El presente artículo pretende, a partir de una perspectiva de género, indagar de qué manera la autora posiciona y problematiza el extrañamiento del cuerpo dentro de una geográfica patagónica que ha sido sometida al control de los poderes que regulan el género, el cuerpo y la experiencia.Catabática is the first book that makes up a trilogy of the poet Ivonne Coñue-car, who explores the boundaries between the constitution of experience and the self-production of subjectivity, with the inevitable support of the body in both cases. This article aims to from a gender perspective, and explores how the author positions and problematizes the estrangement of the body inside of a Patagonian geographic that has been subjected to the control of the powers that govern gender, body and experience.

  3. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%. PMID:12425101

  4. Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Holon

    Full Text Available Ecosystem services provided by oceans and seas support most human needs but are threatened by human activities. Despite existing maps illustrating human impacts on marine ecosystems, information remains either large-scale but rough and insufficient for stakeholders (1 km² grid, lack of data along the coast or fine-scale but fragmentary and heterogeneous in methodology. The objectives of this study are to map and quantify the main pressures exerted on near-coast marine ecosystems, at a large spatial scale though in fine and relevant resolution for managers (one pixel = 20 x 20 m. It focuses on the French Mediterranean coast (1,700 km of coastline including Corsica at a depth of 0 to 80 m. After completing and homogenizing data presently available under GIS on the bathymetry and anthropogenic pressures but also on the seabed nature and ecosystem vulnerability, we provide a fine modeling of the extent and impacts of 10 anthropogenic pressures on marine habitats. The considered pressures are man-made coastline, boat anchoring, aquaculture, urban effluents, industrial effluents, urbanization, agriculture, coastline erosion, coastal population and fishing. A 1:10 000 continuous habitat map is provided considering 11 habitat classes. The marine bottom is mostly covered by three habitats: infralittoral soft bottom, Posidonia oceanica meadows and circalittoral soft bottom. Around two thirds of the bottoms are found within medium and medium high cumulative impact categories. Seagrass meadows are the most impacted habitats. The most important pressures (in area and intensity are urbanization, coastal population, coastal erosion and man-made coastline. We also identified areas in need of a special management interest. This work should contribute to prioritize environmental needs, as well as enhance the development of indicators for the assessment of the ecological status of coastal systems. It could also help better apply and coordinate management measures at a relevant scale for biodiversity conservation.

  5. Vers une cartographie sémantique non supervisée et incrémentale

    OpenAIRE

    Duceux, Guillaume

    2015-01-01

    Robots are slowly entering our houses. But for them to perform more difficult and interesting tasks, they need to have a richer knowledge of the different objects and places present in a particular household. Building and using such a complex knowledge is called semantic mapping and navigation, which requires many different capabilities such as mapping, localization and object recognition. Most of them have been thoroughly studied in the past but often separately and in a different context. W...

  6. Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Amaranta Herrero; Fern Wickson; Rosa Binimelis

    2015-01-01

    Over the past twenty years, agricultural biotechnologies have generated chronically unresolved political controversies. The standard tool of risk assessment has proven to be highly limited in its ability to address the panoply of concerns that exist about these hybrid techno/organisms. It has also failed to account for both the conceptual and material networks of relations agricultural biotechnologies require, create and/or perform. This paper takes as a starting point that agricultural biote...

  7. Analysis of the effects of agricultural land use change on rural environment and landscape through historical cartography and GIS tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Statuto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The human activities and the social and economic transformations occurred during the last century led modifications in the agro-forestry areas. This paper shows a study case study in which the dynamics of land use are analysed using a geographic information system applied to historical maps in order to evaluate the consequences of these land transformations over the last 179 years on the rural environment and landscape. The use of three-dimensional reconstructions, obtained through the creation of different digital terrain model, has allowed to appreciate the landscape modifications, in term of morphological and vegetation variation, determining its aesthetic quality. The analysis shows a common dynamic present in many rural areas of Southern Italy, i.e., the increase of agricultural areas replacing forested surfaces in an older period followed by the further phenomenon of spontaneous re-naturalisation of many of these areas, due to the abandonment of extensive cultivated areas. Moreover, through comparison with historical documents, it was possible to analyse how the agricultural activities influenced the quality of the forest ecosystem. The methodology employed in this study allows a detailed analysis of the processes that occurred in different rural context and the creation of appropriate tools for sustainable land management.

  8. Sextant, une plateforme de bancarisation et de diffusion de données marines, au service de la cartographie des habitats

    OpenAIRE

    Quimbert, Erwann; Satra Le Bris, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    La Directive européenne INSPIRE, transposée en droit français à travers l’ordonnance du 21 octobre 2010, vise à faciliter l’accès aux données géographiques afin de favoriser la réalisation de projets de recherche et d’étude liés à la protection et à la gestion de l’environnement. Les dispositions prises dans cette directive doivent permettre de simplifier l’accès à l’information géographique produite par les autorités publiques à tous les acteurs et au grand public. Ifremer est directe...

  9. Description et cartographie des biocénoses benthiques rencontrées au cours de la campagne MEDSEACAN (Aamp/Comex)

    OpenAIRE

    Pedel, Laura; Fabri, Marie-Claire

    2011-01-01

    Cette étude a été réalisée par l'Ifremer Toulon (LER/PAC) à la demande du MEDDTL (Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement Durable, des Transports et du Logement) dans le cadre de l'Evaluation Initiale pour la DCSMM (Directive Cadre pour la Stratégie sur le Milieu Marin). Elle recense les biocénoses, faciès et espèces observés pendant la campagne MEDSEACAN (Aamp/Comex). Les informations ont été extraites des enregistrements vidéos des 150 plongées de la campagne, et ont été organisées dan...

  10. Localication et cartographie simultanées par vision monoculaire contraintes par un SIG : application à la géolocalisation d'un véhicule

    OpenAIRE

    Lothe, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    This thesis deals with the vision based geolocalisation of a vehicle. In particular, the problem of localisation on large sequences, i.e. several kilometers, is studied. In this context, state of the art Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping systems suffer from drift. In consequence,existing SLAM methods can not provide accurate localisation of the camera after several hundred meters. Thus, we propose in this thesis to avoid the drift phenomenon by exploiting a simple knowledge about the geom...

  11. Cartographie AMT du biseau salé sur le flanc sud du Piton de la Fournaise (Ile de la Réunion)

    OpenAIRE

    Courteaud, M.; Ritz, Michel; Descloitres, Marc; Robineau, B; Coudray, J. (collab.)

    1996-01-01

    Dans le secteur du Baril, situé sur la planèze sud du volcan de la Fournaise, l'interprétation unidimensionnelle (1-D) de 34 sondages AMT montre une séquence à trois terrains, avec disparition du deuxième dans la zone côtière. Cette séquence comprend un horizon supérieur résistant (> 1000 Ohm.m), un horizon intermédiaire plus conducteur (100 à 600 Ohm.m), et un substratum très conducteur (< 10 Ohm.m). Les résistivités obtenues permettent d'assimiler ce substratum au biseau salé. Les variation...

  12. Fossils, frogs, floating islands and expanding Earth in changing-radius cartography A comment to a discussion on Journal of Biogeography

    OpenAIRE

    G. Scalera

    2007-01-01

    In this short note I have tried to make clear the issues surrounding a recent discussion on changing-radius paleobiogeographical problems of the Pacific Ocean biotic distribution. It is stressed that such an important discussion cannot be developed in the absence of proper cartographic methods that must necessarily introduce an increasing radius parameter, highlighting the effects of a changing curvature in the continental/oceanic plates in their movements from a globe of ...

  13. Fossils, frogs, floating islands and expanding Earth in changing-radius cartography – A comment to a discussion on Journal of Biogeography

    OpenAIRE

    Scalera, G.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italia

    2007-01-01

    In this short note I have tried to make clear the issues surrounding a recent discussion on changing-radius paleobiogeographical problems of the Pacific Ocean biotic distribution. It is stressed that such an important discussion cannot be developed in the absence of proper cartographic methods that must necessarily introduce an increasing radius parameter, highlighting the effects of a changing curvature in the continental/oceanic plates in their movements from a globe of a given ...

  14. Underground fieldwork – A cultural and social history of cave cartography and surveying instruments in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Mattes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available At the turn of the 20th century, the practical examination of caves went through a radical change. Governmental organizations and private clubs were founded in an attempt to establish speleology as an independent academic subject. In contrast to earlier cave visitors, travelers began entering underground areas and attributing the names of “explorers” or “researchers” to themselves. Fieldwork—especially cave surveying and cartography—became common practice in speleology and such work provided important clues on speleogenesis, which was a controversial issue in the first half of the 20th century. Due to the fact that speleologists began separating themselves from ordinary cave visitors and tourists, tools and instruments for cave exploration and mapping, such as carbide lamps, ropes, compasses, clinometers, and drawing boards, became the emblems of speleology. Through historical discourse analysis, this paper examines whether this change in the status and practice of underground fieldwork had an effect on the self-perception of speleology and led to new forms of social cooperation and control between speleologists. Further questions address the manner in which the usage of new surveying instruments and the relevance of cave mapping modified the scientific research parameters and the cultural perceptions of the subterranean world. As a contribution to speleo-history, this approach opens a new perspective on the social and cultural dimensions of speleological fieldwork as well as the historical, scientific, and political dynamics in which they were involved. Sources for this research comprised historical scientific papers on cave mapping, textbooks, and archive materials from the Austrian National Library, the Natural History Museum in Vienna, and the Austrian Speleological Association.

  15. Integration de donnees multisources de teledetection et de donnees morphometriques pour la cartographie des formations meubles: Region de Cochabamba en Bolivie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulibaly, Lacina

    2002-04-01

    In this study, we develop a new method for mapping surficial deposits based on the modeling of the synergistic relationship between objects on the surface identifiable from remote sensing data, morphometric information derived from a DEM and geoscience ancillary data. The performance of SPOT-4 HRVIR, Landsat-7 ETM+, and RADARSAT-1 S4 and S5 mode SAR satellite data are compared in order to identify and map the surface indicators of surficial deposits. Furthermore, morphometric data such as altitude, slope, slope orientation, slope curvature and the potential moisture index extracted from the DEM are used to define the ground topographical characteristics. Supervised classifications were carried out from single source images and multisource image combinations using image fusion techniques including RVB, ACP and HIS. Different spectral indices including NDVI, TSAVI, RI and IF, as well as texture indices (average, standard deviation, entropy, contrast) are also compared. The different layers of information obtained are regrouped into categories of variables in relation to the vegetation cover, soils, the textural organization of the landscape and the topography. Results show that the supervised classification using the maximum likelihood method based on the RVB fusion of HRVIR and SAR S4 data provides the best classification rate of the land cover estimated at 96%. The morphometric data derived from the DEM are integrated with the results of the spectral indices, the texture indices and the land cover map in a linear equation within a discriminant analysis. Based on this equation, we were able to model the synergy between the surficial deposits indicators which allowed their identification and mapping. Based solely on the binary units derived from the land cover variables, the model is capable of identifying and classifying surficial deposits in the study area with a global accuracy of 70%. The addition of spectral indices relating to vegetation and soil to the preceding information increases the global classification precision to 79%. This improvement in the results confirms the importance of the two categories of spectral indices in providing information on the density of the vegetation cover, the state of growth of the vegetation and the soil spectral characteristics. The addition of texture indices added to the previous information increases the classification accuracy to 81%. Finally, the addition of topographical information to the parameters of the previous step provides a further improvement in the global classification rate from 81% to 88%, a further increase of 7%. Validation of the final results of the model applied to the entire study area, in comparison with ground truth data and geological maps, gives a global classification rate of 88%. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  16. Lemming Nagel : Tekstimaalid, laseeritud monitoride keel ja kadunud asjade kartograafia = Text paintings, the language of glazed monitors and the cartography of lost things / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Lemming Nageli jaoks on oluline autobiograafilisus ja isiklike tähelepanekute ülestähendamine. Äärmiselt hoolika vaatlejana on Nagel püüdnud teostes esile tuua igapäevaelu absurdi, nii nagu tema seda näeb. Oma hüperrealistlikel maalidel peegeldab ta seda eriskummalises vormis: põlenud lauajupid, laste mänguasjad, keraamilised plaadid, klaasikillud - kõik mis ainult pähe tuleb ja kätte satub, kuid peamiselt huvitavad teda ikkagi maalilised probleemid, nagu koloriit ja perspektiiv, pildi ja raami suhe, kunsti metatasand või mäng pealkirja, kujutise ja taustaga. Oma maalides vaatab ta maastikku lukuaugu, luubi, teksti või kaardi kaudu, nagu looks ta mingit teist reaalsust. Igal juhul asetab ta reaalsuse raamidesse. Armastust kaartide vastu võib pidada üheks tema maastikumaali vormiks

  17. Cartographie et histoire: la différenciation de l'espace dans la Chine des Printemps et des Automnes (721-472 av. J.-C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain REYNAUD

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À partir des renseignements tirés d'une chronique, il est possible d'avoir une idée des flux entre les principautés de la Chine antique et d'esquisser la différenciation de l'espace chinois.

  18. Évaluation des changements dans la vulnérabilité des villes face aux inondations à travers la cartographie de l'information historique

    OpenAIRE

    Boudou, M.; B. Danière; Lang, M

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an appraisal of the temporal evolution of flood vulnerability of two French cities, Besançon and Moissac, which were largely impacted by floods in January 1910 and March 1930, respectively. Both flood events figure among the most significant events recorded in France during the 20th century, in terms of certain parameters such as the intensity and severity of the flood and spatial extension of the damage. An analysis of historical sources allows the mapping of land use and...

  19. La cartografía mental y su incidencia en el pensamiento creativo Mental cartography and its impact on creative thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Andrés

    2011-01-01

    La investigación que acá se reseña puso a prueba los mapas mentales en grupos de estudiantes. Metodológicamente se apeló a un diseño cuasi-experimental intragrupos, con el ánimo de establecer si con el uso de mapas mentales los sujetos de investigación mejoraban o no su nivel de originalidad y eficacia con respecto a ideas que se derivaran de procesos creativos que no utilizaran la cartografía mental. Los investigadores obtuvieron un total de 64 ideas, 32 resultantes del uso de mapas mentales...

  20. Structure spatiale et cartographie des peuplements benthiques du bassin de Marennes- Oléron : première approche par la méthode du krigeage

    OpenAIRE

    Bacher, Cedric; Sauriau, Pierre-guy

    1995-01-01

    Les peuplements benthiques du bassin de Marennes-Oléron ont été échantillonnées au printemps 1984 dans le but d'étudier le stock des compétiteurs des populations de filtreurs cultivés (huître Crassostrea gigas et moule Mytilus edulis). 370 échantillons ont été prélevés sur une surface d'étude de 18Okm2 en utilisant un plan aléatoire stratifié. Les résultats ont été regroupés en deux groupes d'espèces ayant des stratégies nutritionnelles différentes (mollusques déposivores ou suspensivores)...

  1. Une cartographie des écoulements annuels et mensuels d'un grand bassin versant structurée par la topologie du réseau hydrographique

    OpenAIRE

    Sauquet, E.

    2000-01-01

    The work focuses on the way to take account of the links to basin characteristics and topological river patterns in interpolation procedures of discharges. A first procedure is developed for long term average runoff. It performs a disaggregation of the mean annual streamflow generated by a basin to estimate water depths on each element of an arbitrary partition of the study area. The technique is based on geostatistical interpolation procedures to which a global constraint of water balance wa...

  2. Utilisation du krigeage à dérives externes pour cartographier les normales mensuelles de précipitation d'une petite île

    OpenAIRE

    Cantet, P.

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the spatial distribution of mean annual and monthly precipitation in a small island (1128km²) named Martinique, located in the Lesser Antilles. Only 35 meteorological stations are available on the territory, which has a complex topography. With a digital elevation model (DEM), 17 covariates that are likely to explain precipitation were built. Several interpolation methods, such as regression-kriging (MLRK, PCRK, PLSK) and external drift kriging (EDK) were tested using a...

  3. Contribution à l'étude et à la cartographie des zones sensibles à l'érosion hydrique du MONT DE SAIDA

    OpenAIRE

    LATRECHE, BACHIR

    2015-01-01

    L'érosion hydrique reste un problème majeur en Algérie Septentrionale dont le principal facteur est le ruissellement dont la répartition spatiale est contrôlée par celles des précipitations, des caractéristiques géologiques et bio physiographiques (topographie, couvert végétal,...). L'érosion se manifeste principalement sur les sols en pente et constitue une des principales causes de dégradation des sols dans les massifs montagneux de Saïda. Elle s'est accélérée suite aux défri...

  4. Remotely sensed data fusion for offshore wind energy resource mapping; Fusion de donnees satellitaires pour la cartographie du potentiel eolien offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Ticha, M.B

    2007-11-15

    Wind energy is a component of an energy policy contributing to a sustainable development. Last years, offshore wind parks have been installed offshore. These parks benefit from higher wind speeds and lower turbulence than onshore. To sit a wind park, it is necessary to have a mapping of wind resource. These maps are needed at high spatial resolution to show wind energy resource variations at the scale of a wind park. Wind resource mapping is achieved through the description of the spatial variations of statistical parameters characterizing wind climatology. For a precise estimation of these statistical parameters, high temporal resolution wind speed and direction measurements are needed. However, presently, there is no data source allying high spatial resolution and high temporal resolution. We propose a data fusion method taking advantage of the high spatial resolution of some remote sensing instruments (synthetic aperture radars) and the high temporal resolution of other remote sensing instruments (scatterometers). The data fusion method is applied to a case study and the results quality is assessed. The results show the pertinence of data fusion for the mapping of wind energy resource offshore. (author)

  5. Uuenduslik urbanism planeerimistöötubades: tõlgendav kaardistamine ja projektiivsed kartograafiad = Innovative urbanism through design research workshops: interpretative mapping and projective cartographies / Kelly Shannon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shannon, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab linnafoorumite laadseid töötubasid Belgias, mis on muutunud edukaks regiooni maastiku- ja ruumiplaneerimise vahendiks. Kahest planeerimisuuringute töötoast, mis tegelesid Leie jõe piirkonna elluturgutamisega Kortrijki ja Waregemi vahel (2009) ja Marke linnametsa loomisega (2010). Pärnu linnast ja linnafoorumist, kolmest strateegiast, mis arendati foorumil välja Pärnu jõe ja Pärnu lahe vahelise ala jaoks

  6. La cartografía mental y su incidencia en el pensamiento creativo Mental cartography and its impact on creative thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Andrés

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación que acá se reseña puso a prueba los mapas mentales en grupos de estudiantes. Metodológicamente se apeló a un diseño cuasi-experimental intragrupos, con el ánimo de establecer si con el uso de mapas mentales los sujetos de investigación mejoraban o no su nivel de originalidad y eficacia con respecto a ideas que se derivaran de procesos creativos que no utilizaran la cartografía mental. Los investigadores obtuvieron un total de 64 ideas, 32 resultantes del uso de mapas mentales y otras 32 provenientes de procesos que no involucraron al mapa mental. Para hacer los comparativos del caso se apeló a evaluaciones cualificadas de la originalidad y la eficacia mediante la utilización de un diferencial semántico que permitió valorar estadísticamente los puntajes dados a cada una de las ideas realizadas por los sujetos de investigación. La hipótesis que se planteó en el sentido de que los mapas mentales mejoran la originalidad de los estudiantes se confirmó, más no otra hipótesis que sugería que con los mapas mentales se incrementaba el nivel de eficacia de las propuestas. No obstante, dependiendo del tipo de mapa mental utilizado, la eficacia puede no verse disminuida, en tanto que la originalidad se incrementa, con toda seguridad, independientemente del tipo de mapa mental utilizado en el proceso. El mapa mental, debidamente utilizado, potencializa en los estudiantes el pensamiento divergente, la flexibilidad espontanea, las jerarquías planas y, en general, su creatividad. The research that is outlined here did tests the metal maps on a group of students. Methodologically the study appealed to a semi-experimental design within groups, with the intention to establish if by using mental maps people’s level of originality and efficacy as to the ideas that came from creative processes were higher than those who didn’t use mental maps. The researchers obtained a total of 64 ides, 32 came from the use of mental maps and the other 32 came from processes that did not involve mental maps at all. In order to compare the study the evaluation qualified the originality and assertiveness by means of a semantic differential that allowed to statistically value the scores given to each of the ideas that came from the students subject to the tests. The proposed hypothesis leading towards the idea that mental maps would enhance the students’ originality was confirmed, yet not a second hypothesis that suggested that with the use of mental maps the level of efficacy would be higher. Regardless, depending on the type f mental map used, efficacy may not be reduced while the originality is sure to be enhanced while using any type of mental map. Such maps, if used adequately promotes diverging though processes in students, spontaneous flexibility, flat hierarchies and creativity in general.

  7. Cartography and risk management in radiotherapy: a collaborative work of the department of radiotherapy and the department of quality and risk management Institute Jean-Godinot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose To deploy an inductive process for radiotherapy risk management in a regional cancer centre and to infer the actions required to solve the situations of criticality. Methods Close collaboration between the department of radiation oncology-biophysics and the department of quality and risk management in the same institution allowed to create a multi professional and multidisciplinary task force and to make the experience feedback easier. A preliminary risk analysis method was used to identify the generic dangers, the mapping of risks and the specification of the scales of criticality. This method helped to evaluate and to rate each apprehended event. Four scales have been defined: seriousness scale in five levels, likelihood scale in five classes, endeavour scale in four levels and criticality scale in three categories: acceptable (criticality 1) tolerable under control (criticality 2) and unacceptable (criticality 3). Results Fifty-seven level 1 dangerous situations linked to 78 scenarios of criticality acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable in 24, 44 and 10 cases respectively have been identified in the department of radiotherapy leading to carry out 28 risk reduction actions. Conclusions The performed risk analysis offered an original frame for a collective thinking among the care providers and contributed to modify their mode of conceiving both security and radioprotection. The study allowed us to give a relevant answer to the High Authority of Health and the Authority of Nuclear Security demands either in terms of efficient management of the risks in radiotherapy or regarding the daily concerns of the care-givers. (authors)

  8. Cartographie interactive historique pour informer sur les risques : application avec le DICRIM de la Ville de Saint-Étienne

    OpenAIRE

    Chesneau, Élisabeth; Clément, Adeline; Lieghio, Éric

    2014-01-01

    Une commune soumise à des risques majeurs comme des inondations a pour obligation de réaliser un Document d'Information Communal sur les Risques Majeurs. Une partie des informations à communiquer concerne les événements historiques ayant eu lieu sur le territoire. La carte constitue un vecteur essentiel pour spatialiser ces données. En 2011, la Ville de Saint-Étienne, l'Institut des Risques Majeurs de Grenoble et l’UMR EVS ont développé une application cartographique interactive sur l'histoir...

  9. Cartographie des risques industriels du dépot pétrolier à Hussein Dey, Alger (Algérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FATIMA ZOHRA MOHAMED-CHÉRIF

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hazard Mapping of Industrial Oil Storage in Hussein Dey, Algiers ( Algeria. The industrial hazardsare a danger to environment. It is the case of the fuel depot of Caroubier in the municpality of Hussein Dey in the outskirts of the capital Algiers. It is a potential danger in this urban area and a real challenge for the local authorities which do not have app ropriate tools for risk management. The municipality possesses single maps with colored items corresponding to the identification of spatial risks. The objective of this article is to map the risks generated by fuel depot. This mapping will help us localiz e the spatial vulnerability to suggest land planning measures.

  10. Horse-Girl Assemblages: Towards a Post-Human Cartography of Girls' Desire in an Ex-Mining Valleys Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renold, Emma; Ivinson, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    The paper works with queer and feminist post-human materialist scholarship to understand the way young teen valleys' girls experienced ubiquitous feelings of fear, risk, vulnerability and violence. Longitudinal ethnographic research of girls (aged 12-15) living in an ex-mining semi-rural community suggests how girls are negotiating complex…

  11. Contribution à l'étude de Pistacia atiantica Desf. dans le Nord-Ouest Algérien: Aspects écotogiques et cartographie

    OpenAIRE

    amara, mohammed

    2014-01-01

    Résumé La région du Nord-Ouest algérien, déjà soumise à une forte péjoration climatique et à une activité anthropique excessive depuis plusieurs décennies, est confrontée aux menaces de la dégradation alarmante de ses ressources naturelles, à l'instar de Pistacia atiantica qui n'occupe aujourd'hui qu'une bien maigre proportion du territoire. Dans ce travail nous avons abordé les caractères écologiques de Pistacia atiantica ainsi que sa dynamique afin d'avoir une idée précise...

  12. Les déplacements des frontières de la justice : vers une nouvelle cartographie de la gestion des risques ?

    OpenAIRE

    Gaëlle Hubert

    2012-01-01

    Les frontières de l’institution judiciaire se déplacent. Depuis une quinzaine d’années, celle-ci a connu des réaménagements réglementaires, organisationnels et professionnels multiples, modifiant l’équilibre entre les différents champs d’intervention sociale – tant judiciaire que extra-judiciaire - et reconfigurant la normativité et les modes de prise en charge d’un certain nombre de catégories de justiciables reconnus comme publics « déficients » ou « déviants » – il peut s’agir des « mineur...

  13. Les déplacements des frontières de la justice : vers une nouvelle cartographie de la gestion des risques ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaëlle Hubert

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Les frontières de l’institution judiciaire se déplacent. Depuis une quinzaine d’années, celle-ci a connu des réaménagements réglementaires, organisationnels et professionnels multiples, modifiant l’équilibre entre les différents champs d’intervention sociale – tant judiciaire que extra-judiciaire - et reconfigurant la normativité et les modes de prise en charge d’un certain nombre de catégories de justiciables reconnus comme publics « déficients » ou « déviants » – il peut s’agir des « mineurs en danger », d’« auteurs d’abus sexuel », de la gestion des « élèves difficiles », des « usagers problématiques de drogues » ou encore de la définition des droits des « demandeurs de l’aide sociale » ou des modes d’accompagnement des « surendettés ». Ces dispositifs « socio-judiciaires » présentent une série de caractéristiques communes dominées par les référentiels du travail en réseau et de la gestion des risques. C’est de la manière dont l’un et l’autre se déploient dans l’expérience concrète des professionnels, ainsi que des déplacements des frontières de la justice et des tensions qu’ils révèlent que traite cet article, basé sur les résultats d’une recherche qui a porté sur huit « scènes » socio-judiciaires où se mêlent et s’hybrident des logiques d’intervention différentes.

  14. Modélisation et cartographie de la pollution marine et de la bathymétrie à partir de l'imagerie satellitaire

    OpenAIRE

    Bachari Houma, Fouzia

    2009-01-01

    In order to protect the natural medium and to control the pollution caused by such rejects, it is necessary to achieve a continuous survey of the reject zones. The goal of this study is a developed a methodology for modelling pollution and bathymetry from the digital satellite images.Indeed, our objective consists of the development of a software POLGIS intended for the management of the marine databases for the control and the monitoring of the pollution Satellite imagery can be used to esti...

  15. Cartography and risk management in radiotherapy: a collaborative work of the department of radiotherapy and the department of quality and risk management Institute Jean-Godinot; Cartographie et gestion des risques en radiotherapie: un travail commun du departement de radiotherapie et du departement de la qualite et de la gestion des risques de l'institut Jean-Godinot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, T.D.; Loiseau, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de radiotherapie, 51 - Reims (France); Devie, I.; Heusghem, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de la qualite et de la gestion des risques, 51 - Reims (France); Gaillot-Petit, N. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Unite de radiophysique medicale, 51 - Reims (France)

    2010-01-15

    Purpose To deploy an inductive process for radiotherapy risk management in a regional cancer centre and to infer the actions required to solve the situations of criticality. Methods Close collaboration between the department of radiation oncology-biophysics and the department of quality and risk management in the same institution allowed to create a multi professional and multidisciplinary task force and to make the experience feedback easier. A preliminary risk analysis method was used to identify the generic dangers, the mapping of risks and the specification of the scales of criticality. This method helped to evaluate and to rate each apprehended event. Four scales have been defined: seriousness scale in five levels, likelihood scale in five classes, endeavour scale in four levels and criticality scale in three categories: acceptable (criticality 1) tolerable under control (criticality 2) and unacceptable (criticality 3). Results Fifty-seven level 1 dangerous situations linked to 78 scenarios of criticality acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable in 24, 44 and 10 cases respectively have been identified in the department of radiotherapy leading to carry out 28 risk reduction actions. Conclusions The performed risk analysis offered an original frame for a collective thinking among the care providers and contributed to modify their mode of conceiving both security and radioprotection. The study allowed us to give a relevant answer to the High Authority of Health and the Authority of Nuclear Security demands either in terms of efficient management of the risks in radiotherapy or regarding the daily concerns of the care-givers. (authors)

  16. ¿Cartografía antigua o Cartografía histórica?

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Sanz, Antonio; Fernández Wyttenbach, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    The terms related to the History of Cartography need to be revised in the light of the confusion and ambiguities that have been brought about. Many map publications or catalogues use the term historical cartography to characterize their content, although the name old cartography should be used instead; and literal translation of some expressions taken from other languages yields unsuccessful results. The new technologies have lead to a singular development and dissemination of Cartography, it...

  17. CARTOGRAPHIE AGROCLIMATIQUE A MESO-ECHELLE : METHODOLOGIE ET APPLICATION A LA VARIABILITE SPATIALE DU CLIMAT EN GIRONDE VITICOLE. Conséquences pour le développement de la vigne et la maturation du raisin

    OpenAIRE

    Bois, Benjamin

    2007-01-01

    Une connaissance approfondie de la variabilité spatiale du climat est essentielle en agronomie et agroforesterie, afin d'évaluer les capacités de production d'une région ou encore la pression phytosanitaire potentielle d'un ravageur. En viticulture, le climat conditionne largement la cinétique de développement de la vigne ainsi que la maturation du raisin. L'objectif de ce travail était de caractériser la variabilité spatiale du climat à méso-échelle en utilisant différentes techniques de spa...

  18. Archéologie et télédétection : cartographie des paysages du site de Mahasthan (Bangladesh d’après des données SPOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Jacqueminet

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available L’environnement de l’ancienne capitale de l’Inde Orientale (Mahasthan au Bangladesh est analysé à l’aide d’une image satellitaire SPOT. L’étude porte sur le milieu actuel (réseau hydrographique, systèmes agraires et les structures paysagères révélatrices d’anciens écoulements naturels ou aménagés.

  19. La cartografía ambiental como base para los estudios de planificación ecológica del territorio The environmental cartography as a basis for the ecological territorial planning studies

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Cavallaro; Federico Nicosia Burgos; Patricio Julián Fontaneto

    2010-01-01

    El desarrollo económico y el crecimiento poblacional producen no sólo una demanda constante de territorio sino una creciente presión sobre el medio biofísico. Ante el desafío de planificar una región, la cartografía temática ambiental constituye una herramienta fundamental para alcanzar los objetivos de un desarrollo sustentable, integrando información biofísica y social. Asimismo, la planificación ecológica del territorio permite identificar las tendencias del uso y ocupación territorial. Es...

  20. Cartografias clínicas, dispositivos de gêneros, estratégia saúde da família Clinical cartographies, gender devices. strategies of family health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiliam Siqueira Peres

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A subjetividade é a argamassa de toda e qualquer produção e, diante disso, percebemos os processos de subjetivação presentes na feitura dos sujeitos, dos grupos e das instituições. Como ferramentas de análise, tomamos a ideia de dispositivo como um emaranhado de linhas que tecem as relações humanas, e dentre suas diversas linhas destacamos os gêneros como elementos importantes na escuta e intervenção clínica, de modo a ampliar o universo de referência presente nos encontros, no qual os corpos afetam e são afetados dentro de contextos marcados por processos psicossociais, políticos e culturais relevantes para uma prática psi ampliada. Neste trabalho, colocamos em análise a experiência que temos tido como supervisor de estágios em Psicologia Clínica-Institucional que realizamos no Programa Saúde da Família, na Vila Progresso, em Assis, SP, evidenciando a necessidade de diálogos com outros saberes, tais como os estudos culturais, a teoria queer e a esquizoanálise. Como resultados iniciais, percebemos nos relatos de nossos estagiários uma preocupação maior com o cuidado das pessoas atendidas que vão além das leituras psicológicas, que dialoga com questões sociais, econômicas, sexuais, de gênero, políticas e culturais, ampliando as análises e concebendo os seres humanos como híbridos, maquínicos e diferentes, o que evidencia a perspectiva de subjetividades em construção permanente. Surge a necessidade de nos orientarmos pelo viés de uma clínica crítica e ampliada.Subjectivity is the bond of all and any kind of production (GUATTARI; ROLNIK 1986 and through it we notice the processes of subjectivation present in the making of subjects, of groups and institutions. As analysis tools we set on the idea of device (FOUCAULT, 1985; DELEUZE, 1988 as an entangled of lines that weave human relationships and, among their several lines we highlight genders as important elements in the clinical/listening intervention. With that, we aim to enlarge the universes of references in the encounters, in which the bodies affect and are affected within the contexts marked by socio-psychological, political and cultural processes which are relevant for an expansion of the 'psi' practices. In this paper we analyze the experience that we have been having as supervisor of psychology students in Institutional Clinical Psychology practice which we run in the Family's Health Programme, at Vila Progresso, in Assis, interior of São Paulo, Brazil. In it, we put in evidence the need of dialoguing with other knowledges such as: Cultural Studies, Queer Theory and Squizoanalyzis. As preliminary results we noticed in our trainees' reports a larger concern with people's care assisted in the place that are beyond the psychological readings. That is, that dialogues with social, economical, sexual, genders, political and cultural issues, increasing the analysis and conceiving human beings as hybrid, machinics and different, putting in evidence, in that way, the perspective of subjectivities in permanent construction. The need for references towards a critical and broader clinic emerges as a vital point in this process.

  1. Chapitre 3. Cartographie des télévisions satellitaires arabes ou les faux-semblants de la dualisation du système télévisuel arabe

    OpenAIRE

    GUAAYBESS, Tourya

    2013-01-01

    On évoque souvent la Guerre du Golfe comme l’événement charnière qui a marqué une césure dans l’histoire des télévisions arabes. Après ce « temps fort », une transformation profonde se serait opérée dans le paysage télévisuel arabe, permettant à l’observateur de distinguer l’avant et l’après-guerre du Golfe. Après cette date, il est vrai qu’on s’est mis à aborder les télévisions arabes en discernant les télévisions d’État, publiques, et les télévisions commerciales qu’on a vu apparaître. Mais...

  2. A cartography of K{beta} resonant inelastic X-ray scattering for lifetime-broadening-suppressed spin-selected XANES of {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashi, Hisashi [Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Japan Women' s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8681 (Japan)], E-mail: hayashih@fc.jwu.ac.jp; Azumi, Tomofumi; Sato, Atsushi; Udagawa, Yasuo [IMRAM, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

    2008-12-15

    A series of K{beta} resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectra of {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} is presented as two-dimensional RIXS maps and analyzed in terms of the Kramers-Heisenberg equation. Genuine lifetime-broadening-suppressed (LBS) spin-selected oscillator strength distributions, which are consistent with Hund's rule, are deduced. It is shown that 2D maps can highlight implications of RIXS results to reveal existences and characteristics of electronic states which are hidden in absorption spectra.

  3. Utilisation d'une image Landsat pour la cartographie de formations volcaniques du sud de l'Equateur (2°50' à 3°20' de lat.S) : poster

    OpenAIRE

    Legeley Padovani, Annick; Laubacher, Gérard

    1996-01-01

    A Landsat RM image was used to map Plio-quaternary and Oligo-Miocene volcanic deposits from the Western Cordillera, southwest of Cuenca (Ecuador). The study focused on the Plio-Quaternary Quimsacocha volcano. Best results were obtained using unsupervised multispectral classification combined with other methods (mathematical morphology, etc..). The interpretation was locally validated by field observations. (Résumé d'auteur)

  4. Cartographie régionale au 1/250 000 de l’épaisseur des altérites et de l’horizon fissuré utile (projet SILURES Bretagne)

    OpenAIRE

    Mougin, Bruno; Dheilly, Anne; Thomas, Eric; Blanchin, Raymonde; Courtois, Nathalie; Lachassagne, Patrick; Wyns, Robert; Allier, Delphine; Putot, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Le projet « SILURES Bretagne » (Système d’Information pour la Localisation et l’Utilisation des Ressources en Eaux Souterraines) s’est déroulé de 2002 à 2008, et il a permis la création d'une base de données sur les eaux souterraines couvrant l'ensemble de la région Bretagne. Celle-ci permet d’améliorer la gestion des ressources en eau souterraine de la région. SILURES Bretagne a été financé par l’Agence de l’Eau Loire-Bretagne, la Région Bretagne, les Conseils Généraux des Côtes d’Armor, du ...

  5. Interpolation et rééchantillonnage de données spatiales et application à la cartographie urbaine et à la détermination du fond cosmique primordial

    OpenAIRE

    Zinger, Svitlana

    2004-01-01

    Dans cette thèse nous étudions des méthodes d'interpolation de données irrégulièrement distribuées dans l'espace. Nous considérons le problème du rééchantillonnage de mesures altimétriques de données obtenues sur une grille irrégulière par laser aéroporté. Ce type de données est irrégulièrement distribué et un rééchantillonnage sur une grille régulière est nécessaire pour la génération de modèles numériques d'élévation (MNE). Quelques méthodes bien connues sont considérées: interpolation liné...

  6. Les éléments en traces dans les sols agricoles du Nord-Pas-de-Calais : I. Étude et cartographie des teneurs des horizons de surface

    OpenAIRE

    Baize, Denis; Douay, Francis; Villanneau, Estelle; Bourennane, Hocine; Sterckeman, Thibault; Ciesielski, Henri; King, Dominique

    2010-01-01

    La base de données utilisée pour la présente étude rassemble des populations d’analyses de sols provenant de cinq sources correspondant chacune à une stratégie d’échantillonnage différente et à un objectif distinct. Au total, 3 929 analyses réalisées entre 1990 et 2007 ont été collectées : elles provenaient presque exclusivement d’horizons de surface de sols agricoles. Outre les concentrations en ETM, les principales caractéristiques agro-pédologiques et les coordonnées géographiques, la base...

  7. Cartographie du fonctionnement hydrique des sols d’une parcelle agricole hétérogène à partir d’informations pédologiques et environnementales

    OpenAIRE

    Bourennane, Hocine; Vaysse, Kévin; Nicoullaud, Bernard; Couturier, Alain; Cousin, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    La variation spatio-temporelle de la teneur en eau des sols d’une parcelle de 10 ha a été évaluée grâce à 9 campagnes de mesures de la teneur en eau pondérale. Une carte des teneurs en eau des sols à chaque date ainsi qu'une carte moyenne de la variabilité temporelle ont été réalisées par krigeage ordinaire. Des zones toujours plus sèches et des zones toujours plus humides ont été identifiées. La stabilité de ces zones dans le temps a été confirmée par la carte de la variabilité spatio-tempor...

  8. Localisation et cartographie simultanées de l'environnement à bord de véhicules autonomes : analyse de solutions fondées sur le filtrage de Kalman

    OpenAIRE

    Chanier, François

    2010-01-01

    In order to be autonomous, a mobile robot must be able to describe the environment where it evolves. To this end, the robot must localize itself and make a map of the environment if no one is available.With this information, it will able, for example, to avoid obstacles and therefore, to navigate safely. This ability is a compulsory step on the way of its complete autonomy. The subject handled in this document deals with this problem. It refers to simultaneous vehicle localization and environ...

  9. Cartography an a strategy of empire in Historia General de los Hechos de los Castellanos en las Islas i Tierra firme del Mar Océano by Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas

    OpenAIRE

    Connett, Christina Findlay

    2014-01-01

    Argumentamos que Herrera intenta legitimizar el control español del Imperio al imponer una universalidad euro-céntrica católica a dicho imperio a través de su aplicación de las iconografías estratégicas, religiosas e imperialistas enraizadas dentro de un programa cartográfico. “La idea de una verdad imperial fue esencial para que los españoles tuviesen una convicción en una experiencia imperial significativa ” y lo que se afirma aquí es que la inclusión de elementos cartográficos presta cr...

  10. Phyto climatic characterization and cartography of sub antarctic native forests in Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina); Caracterizacion y cartografia fitoclimaticas del bosque nativo subantartico en la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allue, C.; Arranz, J. A.; Bava, J. O.; Beneitez, J. M.; Collado, L.; Garcia-Lopez, J. M.

    2010-07-01

    Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego is especially peculiar in phytoclimatic terms, situated as it is at an extreme southerly latitude, surrounded by large water masses and close to the great mass of Antarctic ice. Its main peculiarities in this sense are the coolness of its summers and a very narrow temperature range. As a result, the woodland landscapes in the parts with forest cover are dominated by microphyllous broadleaf physiognomies, both evergreen and deciduous, of the Nothofagus genus. This paper reports a more in-depth investigation of the hitherto little-known phytoclimatic conditions in that territory which included calibration and validation of a model of phytoclimatic suitability that addresses the principal plant physiognomic units and phytoclimatic mapping. It discusses the causes behind the presence of broadleaf formations in thermal conditions which in the northern hemisphere would allow only coniferous formations or no tree formations at all, and also the edaphic peculiarities that may explain the presence of a evergreen species like Nothofagus betuloides in subantarctic mixed forests. (Author) 111 refs.

  11. The interest of cartography for a better perception and management of volcanic risk: From scientific to social representations: The case of Mt. Pelée volcano, Martinique (Lesser Antilles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Frédéric; Lesales, Thierry

    2009-10-01

    The study develops an innovative GIS-based integrated approach for the assessment of a comprehensive volcanic risk. This is based on a four-step methodology which has been developed at Mt. Pelée volcano, in Martinique, a French island in the Lesser Antilles. The first stage of the methodological framework integrates the spatial extent of volcanic hazards for a maximal credible eruptive scenario. The second stage covers an assessment of the elements (especially the buildings) that may be affected in the event of an eruption and defines their level of damages by given volcanic hazards. A computerized analysis leads to the definition of an index for the risk of total loss in a 500-meter grid. The third stage consists of designing regulative land use maps which should orient and limit the occupation of areas exposed to severe hazards. Finally, the fourth stage, based on survey data, includes a spatial assessment of collective representations for a future eruption by the surrounding communities. These maps turn out to be powerful communication tools which help planners and disaster authorities in mitigating damages from volcanic hazards. They can contribute to enhance the perception of volcanic risk in Martinique.

  12. CARTOGRAFÍA DE LA CIUDAD: LA CASA SUBVERSIVA EN NACISTE PINTADA (1999 DE CARMEN BERENGUER Cartography of the city: The subversive house in Naciste Pintada by Carmen Berenguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Calderón

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La escritura de Carmen Berenguer se sustenta en dos preguntas fundamentales: ¿Cuál es el lugar de la literatura? y ¿Si soy mujer, quién soy? Así, la hibridez discursiva en Naciste Pintada participa de una rearticulación de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de una mujer poeta habitando un mundo fragmentado y fragmentario. La ciudad descrita es neo-barroca, maquillada y, esencialmente, travesti. La casa, inmanente y femenina -lugar de la especula(rización de la mujer- deviene pública y subvierte el discurso hegemónico de la ciudad, trascendente y masculina. La pérdida de su carácter privado altera el imaginario de la casa y favorece los cambios sociales. En Naciste pintada hay dos discursos de la mujer insertos en dos ciudades significativas: uno es poético (Valparaíso, centro perdido de la poeta y el otro coloquial (Santiago, su hábitat. La casa, figura metonímica, sugiere otra cartografía significante de la ciudad y plantea la aterritorialidad de la mujer en el mundo posmoderno.Carmen Berenguer’s writing is shaped by two fundamentals questions: What is the place of literature? And if I’m a woman, who am I? Thus, the discursive hybridism contemplated in Naciste Pintada is part of a new urban articulation from a female poet’s vision living in a fragmented world. The city described in this novel is neo-baroque, maked-up and essentially disguised. The home, immanent and feminine, place of woman’s specula(risation, becomes public, and denatures the hegemonic discourse of the city, transcendent and masculine. The lost of its private characteristic subverts the house’s imaginary and implies social changes. In Naciste Pintada, we perceive two women’s discourses inserted in two specifics cities: the first one is poetic (Valparaiso, the lost center of the poet, and the other is colloquial (Santiago, her habitat. The house, metonymic trope, suggests another significant map of the city, and establishes the woman aterritoriality in the post-modern world.

  13. Cartographie des zones vulnérables à l’érosion hydrique à l’aide de la méthode pap/car et sig en amont du barrage allal el Fassi, Moyen Atlas (Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Faleh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo estudiar la erosión hídrica en las dos cuencas de Beni Alaham y Al Azhar situadas en el Atlas Medio, estableciendo jerarquias de parcelas según el grado erosivo con la ayuda de la aproximación PAP/CAR que permite, sobre todo, calibrar la integración de los factores que influyen en la erosión hídrica, tales como : la pendiente topográfica derivada de la morfología y la inclinación de las pendientes, la red hidrográfica, el tipo de suelo y el material litológico, la tipología de la cobertura vegetal que se relacionan con los sistemas de explotación agrícola, y en especial, sobre las medidas y estructuras antierosivas existentes. El trabajo ha estado realizado a través de tres etapas del método apuntado, éstas son: La aproximación predictiva que se basa en el análisis de factores naturales (pendiente, cobertera vegetal y litología y el tratamiento de la base de datos especificadas en los mapas elaborados, los cuales muestran los resultados del estado de degradación de los suelos. La aproximación desctriptiva se basa en la cartografía de las diferentes formas y procesos de pérdida de suelo, manifestadas en la zona de esudio. La aproximación de integración que permite la combinación de las dos fases precedentes cuyo objetivo es conseguir un producto cartográfico muy preciso que refleje la realidad del estado de degración del suelo y la evolución de la erosión futura.

  14. Transformation of Thematic Cartography Domain Ontology into Java Interfaces and Clasess / Transformace Doménové Ontologie Tematické Kartografie Na Java Rozhraní A Třídy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peňáz Tomáš

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Článek pojednává o transformaci experimentální znalostní ontologie, soustřeďující vybrané deklarativní kartografické znalosti pro doménu tematické kartografie, na třídy a rozhraní jazyka Java. Důvodem transformace je přenos deklarativních znalostí z oblasti tematické kartografie, do podoby programového kódu v jazyce Java. Vzniklý programový kód, obsahující deklarace rozhraní a tříd, bude dále využit pro tvorbu programové aplikace inteligentního systému pro interaktivní podporu tvorby tematických map. Připravovaný pilotní projekt tohoto znalostního systému je určen pro uživatele bez potřebných kartografických znalostí, kterým umožní interaktivně vytvářet tematické mapy a poskytne jim při tom podporu. Smyslem využití takového nástroje je zamezit uživateli odchýlení od zavedených kartografických pravidel a zabránit vzniku hrubých chyb ve výsledné mapě.

  15. From chemical mapping to pressure temperature deformation micro-cartography: mineralogical evolution and mass transport in thermo-mechanic disequilibrium systems: application to meta-pelites and confinement nuclear waste materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks or industrial materials evolves when they are submitted to thermomechanical disequilibria, i.e. a spatial or temporal pressure and temperature evolution, or chemical disequilibria as variations in redox conditions, pH... For example, during low temperature metamorphic processes, rocks re-equilibrate only partially, and thus record locally thermodynamic equilibria increasing so the spatial chemical heterogeneities. Understanding the P-T evolution of such systems and deciphering modalities of their mineralogical transformation imply to recognize and characterize the size of these local 'paleo-equilibria', and so to have a spatial chemical information at least in 2 dimensions. In order to get this information, microprobe X-ray fluorescence maps have been used. Computer codes have been developed with Matlab to quantify these maps in view of thermo-barometric estimations. In this way, P-T maps of mineral crystallisation were produced using the multi-equilibria thermodynamic technique. Applications on two meta-pelites from the Sambagawa blue-schist belt (Japan) and from the Caledonian eclogitic zone in Spitsbergen, show that quantitative chemical maps are a powerful tool to retrieve the metamorphic history of rocks. From these chemical maps have been derived maps of P-T-time-redox-deformation that allow to characterize P-T conditions of minerals formation, and so, the P-T path of the sample, the oxidation state of iron in the chlorite phase. As a result, we underline the relation between deformation and crystallisation, and propose a relative chronology of minerals crystallisation and deformations. The Fe3+ content map in chlorite calculated by thermodynamic has also been validated by a μ-XANES mapping at the iron K-edge measured at the ESRF (ID24) using an innovative method. Another application relates to an experimental study of clay materials, main components of an analogical model of a nuclear waste storage site. Chemical maps allowed to characterize the 2D mineralogical evolution of clays toward iron rich end-members. They have also been used as input data in a 2D finite element numerical model aiming to estimate the iron diffusion coefficient in clays at low temperatures, important parameter to model the destabilization of nuclear waste storage sites in the course of time. (author)

  16. CARTOGRAPHIE DE L'UTILISATION DU SOL ET DE L'ÉROSION NETTE À PARTIR D'IMAGES SATELLITAIRES ET DU SIG IDRISI AU NORD-EST DU MAROC

    OpenAIRE

    El Garouani, Abdelkader; Chen, Hao; Lewis, Lawrence; Tribak, Abdellatif; Abharour, Mohamed

    2008-01-01

    In this investigation, we utilize remote sensing data (four Landsat and Spot images were analyzed for a fifteen year period: 1987 - 2002) and a GIS for the quantitative evaluation as well as developing the spatial patterns of erosion and deposition within the Oued Tlata basin (123 km2) located in north-east of Morocco. This contribution's primary objective is to integrate RUSLE's output data into a flow model (sedimentation) to access the net soil erosion and to identify priority areas (zones...

  17. Cartographie de la salinité dans la vallée du Sénégal. Succès d'une démarche ascendante

    OpenAIRE

    Barbiero, Laurent; Laperrousaz, Caroline

    1999-01-01

    ln the Senegal middle valley, the salt distribution is not related to the present faint topography. This lack of logic is one of the major constraints for establishment of new irrigated areas. The salt distribulion is here studied to better understand its variability, and to describe its structure and spatial arrangement. Saline areas are delineated measuring the electromagnetic soil conduclivity (EM). The kriged map is compared to the aerial photograph. The salinity is distributed as stripes...

  18. Problem Based Learning (PBL) and E-learning in geodetic engineering, cartography and surveying education in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) frame. A case study in the University of Leon (Spain): experiences and results

    OpenAIRE

    ??lvarez Taboada, Mar??a Flor; Fern??ndez Mart??nez, Marta; Rodr??guez P??rez, Jos?? Ram??n, 1968-; Sanz Ablanedo, Enoc

    2006-01-01

    The concepts and strategies defined in the Bologna Process to develop a European Higher Education Area, involve a change in the educative programs, wich have to be adapted to innovative teaching and learning processes based on achieving specific knowledge according to the professional field of work. Thus, the method has to be focused in the learning process and not in the teaching process. Probelm Based Learning emphasises learning activities which are student-centred,interdisciplinary, auteh...

  19. Clínica da atividade e cartografia: construindo metodologias de análise do trabalho Clinic of activity and cartography: constructing methodologies for analysis of the work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Vasconcelos Teixeira

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available As questões formuladas no artigo foram disparadas por experiências vividas ao longo dos últimos anos em pesquisas que partem do princípio de que a temática saúde e trabalho, como objeto de investigação científica, tem uma especificidade que não pode ser tomada com posturas de exterritorialidade no que diz respeito à relação do pesquisador e do objeto a ser investigado. As questões dos mundos do trabalho não podem estar baseadas apenas em quadros analíticos construídos a partir de um distanciamento da complexidade engendrada onde o trabalho acontece. Propõe-se uma direção metodológica de pesquisa que articula investigação e intervenção na direção do diálogo, da interlocução entre os diferentes saberes - disciplinares ou não - com o objetivo de potencializar estratégias utilizadas pelos trabalhadores para lidar com a variabilidade das situações de trabalho. Com esse objetivo, traz a contribuição da Clínica da Atividade como importante ferramenta metodológica.The issues raised in this article were incited by experiences lived in the last years in studies that take as principle that Health and Work, as scientific research objects, have specificities that can not be considered from exterritoriality positions, regarding the relationship between the researcher and the object being investigated. Issues about work can not be based only on analytical views in a distant way of the complexity engendered where work happens. This article proposes a methodological direction of research that articulates research and intervention in a direction to dialogue, to the interchange between different knowledges - disciplinary or not - in order to strengthen strategies used by workers to deal with the variability of work situations. With that purpose, it brings the contribution of the Clinic of Activity as an important methodological tool.

  20. Vegetation mapping for tropical marine/coastal zone applications = Cartographie de la végétation, applications aux zones côtières et marines tropicales

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan, G A

    1992-01-01

    L'image multispectrale satellitaire appliquée aux zones tropicales, a été analysée afin de permettre une représentation pointue de la végétation par carte thématique jusqu'au 1/100 000 provenant d'une seule scène satellitaire. La clé du succès est dans le soin apporté au choix de la scène initiale et l'adoption d'une méthodologie basée sur une vérité terrain-botanique rigoureuse et fiable. Cette méthodologie utilisera un nombre adéquat de "caractérisations de parcelles" selon une surface cart...

  1. Apports de la télédétection pour la cartographie d'habitats terrestres en zones humides méditerranéennes. Application aux habitats de la Réserve Nationale de Camargue

    OpenAIRE

    Moquet, A.

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this work, realised in the Maison de la Télédetection, is to evaluate the contribution of remote sensing in the study of terrestrial habitats of a Mediterranean wetland, la Camargue. This wetland is a very complex area, mosaic of habitats controlled by to main parameters : salinity rate and immersion. We have choices 8 classes, 3 of them are priority habitats of the habitat directive. Three kinds of data were analysed : a SPOT4 picture taken in May 1998, the BD-Ortho 1998 and drone...

  2. Méthode pragmatique d'évaluation de la réserve en eau des stations forestières et cartographie à l'échelle régionale (Wallonie, Belgique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridremont, F.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pragmatic assessment of the water reserve of the forest sites and mapping at the regional scale (Wallonia, Belgium. The assessment of the forest sites water availability constitutes a growing concern following the awareness of the potential impact of climate change on the soil moisture regime. At the present time, the forest managers lack tools for a quantitative estimation of the soil water reserve. This paper presents a simple estimation method that can be adopted on field by foresters. A map of this soil water reserve at the forest site scale has been established for the Southern Belgium. After the inventory of the possible techniques, the "textural method", based on the pedotransfert classes of Jamagne et al. (1977, has been used. The soil profiles from the Aardewerk database have eased the translation of the Jamagne et al. (1977's results in the Belgian textural system. Moreover, the geodatabase of the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia (DSMW, through the typology of the major soil types, has been used as mapping support of the water reserve at the regional scale. Like a first attempt of validation, the result has been compared with the bioindicator character of forest understory vegetation. The regression results show a significant relationship between the soil water reserve and the vegetation estimate, but they also indicate that the water reserve does not explain alone the moisture level expressed by the flora. It emerges that the characterization of the Walloon parent materials will constitute an undeniable support for the development of the proposed method, the transposition of foreign results leading to some bias. The use prospects of this thematic map are multiple: integration as inputs for the autecological modelling, assessment of the moisture regime for the water availability of forest sites and building of sites catalogs; as many tools to guide forest managers in their planning measures.

  3. La cartographie 2.0 au service de l'intelligence territoriale : de nouveaux outils et de nouvelles méthodes pour la production de connaissances hybrides sur les territoires.

    OpenAIRE

    Mericskay, Boris; Roche, Stéphane

    2011-01-01

    International audience Geographic information technologies (GIT) have changed dramatically in the last decade. Not reserved to experts, their accessibility and uses follow the pace of development of the Internet (interactive maps, virtual globes, GPS, location-based mobile services, etc..). A new form of online mapping emerges from Web 2.0 practices and technologies. This mapping 2.0, like Google Maps or OpenStreetMap allows the public to read and write the map. The passage from the consul...

  4. Développement d'une solution de contrôle par capture de mouvements dans un logiciel de cartographie 3D de l'hôpital

    OpenAIRE

    Mittempergher, Charles; Daehne, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Les HUG font partie des grandes institutions genevoises reconnues nationalement et internationalement pour leurs prestations médicales et leurs travaux de recherche à la pointe de l’innovation. Leurs recherches dans le milieu informatique ne sont également pas en reste. Le service de l’information médicale (SIMED), dirigé par le professeur Christian Lovis, travaille quotidiennement sur des projets qui font partie des prestations technologiques de demain. L’un de leur projets, le POS3D, a pour...

  5. From chemical mapping to pressure temperature deformation micro-cartography: mineralogical evolution and mass transport in thermo-mechanic disequilibrium systems: application to meta-pelites and confinement nuclear waste materials; De l'imagerie chimique a la micro-cartographie Pression-Temperature-Deformation: evolution mineralogique et transport de matiere dans des systemes en desequilibre thermomecanique. Applications aux metapelites et aux materiaux de stockage de dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, V. de

    2006-03-15

    The mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks or industrial materials evolves when they are submitted to thermomechanical disequilibria, i.e. a spatial or temporal pressure and temperature evolution, or chemical disequilibria as variations in redox conditions, pH... For example, during low temperature metamorphic processes, rocks re-equilibrate only partially, and thus record locally thermodynamic equilibria increasing so the spatial chemical heterogeneities. Understanding the P-T evolution of such systems and deciphering modalities of their mineralogical transformation imply to recognize and characterize the size of these local 'paleo-equilibria', and so to have a spatial chemical information at least in 2 dimensions. In order to get this information, microprobe X-ray fluorescence maps have been used. Computer codes have been developed with Matlab to quantify these maps in view of thermo-barometric estimations. In this way, P-T maps of mineral crystallisation were produced using the multi-equilibria thermodynamic technique. Applications on two meta-pelites from the Sambagawa blue-schist belt (Japan) and from the Caledonian eclogitic zone in Spitsbergen, show that quantitative chemical maps are a powerful tool to retrieve the metamorphic history of rocks. From these chemical maps have been derived maps of P-T-time-redox-deformation that allow to characterize P-T conditions of minerals formation, and so, the P-T path of the sample, the oxidation state of iron in the chlorite phase. As a result, we underline the relation between deformation and crystallisation, and propose a relative chronology of minerals crystallisation and deformations. The Fe{sup 3+} content map in chlorite calculated by thermodynamic has also been validated by a {mu}-XANES mapping at the iron K-edge measured at the ESRF (ID24) using an innovative method. Another application relates to an experimental study of clay materials, main components of an analogical model of a nuclear waste storage site. Chemical maps allowed to characterize the 2D mineralogical evolution of clays toward iron rich end-members. They have also been used as input data in a 2D finite element numerical model aiming to estimate the iron diffusion coefficient in clays at low temperatures, important parameter to model the destabilization of nuclear waste storage sites in the course of time. (author)

  6. Rethinking maps

    OpenAIRE

    Kitchin, Rob; Dodge, Martin

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we argue that cartography is profitably conceived as a processual, rather than representational, science. Building on recent analysis concerning the philosophical underpinnings of cartography we question the ontological security of maps, contending that it is productive to rethink cartography as ontogenetic in nature; that is maps emerge through practices and have no secure ontological status. Drawing on the concepts of transduction and technicity we contend that ...

  7. Prospective areas of the Valle Rio Santa Lucia sandstones (preliminary study)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mine of Talc Narancio was selected to carry out investigations geologic-mining, to be the only one where it is practiced the underground extraction, for not having been carried out works of recent investigation and because the existent talc is of a very good quality. They have been studied the following topics: geologic cartography, core description, petrography, chemical analysis, and gallery cartography.

  8. Kinetic cartography of radioisotopes of iodine in the thyroid follicles of the new-born rats under low or standard iodine diet: Analyzed using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (NanoSIMS50): Contribution to the study of the consequences of Chernobyl; Cartographie cinetique des radioisotopes de l'iode dans le follicule thyroidien du rat nouveau-ne carence en iode ou non. Analyse par spectrometrie de masse d'ions secondaires (NanoSIMS50). Contribution a l'etude des consequences de Tchernobyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elbast, M

    2008-03-15

    The most significant impact of the Chernobylsk accident is the increased incidence of thyroid cancers among children in contaminated areas. To estimate the radiation dose provided by radioiodine released after Chernobylsk (iodine 131 and short-lived isotopes, iodine 132, 133, 134, 135), we used new-born rats to mimic the situation of fallout contamination (young age and iodine deficiency). The pups, under low iodine diet and under standard diet, were contaminated with {sup 129}I at ages varying between 2 to 15 days and sacrificed 1, 4, 8, 24 hours and 4, 8 days after contamination. The variation in intra colloidal iodine distribution from 1 hour to 8 days was performed using a new ionic nano probe (NanoSIMS50). This method permits to discriminate between the newly incorporated iodine (129) and the initial pool of iodine (127). SIMS observations permit to heterogeneous intra and inter follicular distribution of {sup 129}I. Iodine deficiency increases the absorbed amounts of iodine by a factor 10. Dosimetric estimations show an important contribution of short-lived radioiodine to the total thyrocyte dose. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the age and the iodine deficiency accelerate the absorption of iodine in follicles and that the contribution of short-lived iodine connate ne neglected. (author)

  9. Cartografia e educação popular Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartographie et éducation populaire. Le Musée Cartographique d’Élisée Reclus et Charles Perron à Genève (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con ba...

  10. Propuesta de estándares para nombres geográficos en la producción de cartografía básica: el caso del Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi / Proposed standards for geographic names in the production of basic cartography: the case of Agustin Codazzi Geographical Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz López, Vianey Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    La presente tesis de maestría, se enmarca dentro de la política de producción del Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, específicamente en el proceso denominado clasificación de campo en la producción de cartografía básica, dando relevancia al levantamiento de nombres geográficos, como datos fundamentales en la construcción de la Infraestructura Colombiana de Datos Espaciales – ICDE. En la definición de estándares para el manejo de los nombres geográficos, se determinó el alcance del proce...

  11. Définition des réseaux de surveillance DCE de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte - Rapport final Tome 2 Cartographie des données DCE par masse d’eau

    OpenAIRE

    Turquet, Jean; Nicet, Jean Benoit; Cambert, Harold; Denis, Yves; Gonzalez, Jean-Louis; Bigot, Lionel; Guyomarch, Julien; Budzinski, Helene; Tapie, Nathalie; Jamon, Alban; Pribat, B

    2010-01-01

    Le tome 2 de l‘étude de « définition des réseaux de surveillance de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte », présente sous forme cartographique les données bancarisées sous format MapInfo. Seules les études intéressantes vis à vis de la DCE et disponibles ont été référencées et prises en compte dans cet exercice (cf. références bibliographique du tome 2). Ce premier exercice de bancarisation, ne se veut pas exhaustif, et devra faire l’objet d’entretiens, d’ajouts régulie...

  12. Observatory of Central African Forests: National and Regional Estimate of Forest Cover and Forest Cover Change for 1990, 2000 and 2005 / La Cartographie Forestière et le Changement d'Occupation et Utilisation du Sol: Description de la Méthodologie

    OpenAIRE

    ERNST Céline; VERHEGGEN Astrid; Bodart, Catherine; Mayaux, Philippe; DE WASSEIGE Carlos; BARARWANDIKAD A.; BEGOTO G.; ESONO MBA F.; IBARA M.; KONDJO SHOKO André; KOY KONDJO H.; MAKAK Sylvestre; MENOMO BIANG J-D.; MUSAMPA Christophe; NCOGO MOTOGO R.

    2010-01-01

    Tropical forests, although covering less than 10% of the total land surface of the Earth, represent the largest terrestrial reservoir of biological diversity1, changes in these biome have major impacts on climate change and biodiversity loss. The Congo Basin hosts the second-largest contiguous block of tropical forest after the Amazon2. To assess these impacts, dynamic forest cover change is more than ever a challenge. Today, optical earth observations methods are fully operational for forest...

  13. De l'aménagement numérique des territoires à l'intégration du Web dans l'analyse géographique : nouvelles méthodes et perspectives pour les Systèmes d'Information Géographiques (SIG), la cartographie et la télédétection

    OpenAIRE

    Alawad, Hiba

    2010-01-01

    Les Technologies d'Information et de Communication (TIC) facilitent la collecte et le traitement d'informations numériques, aussi nombreuses que variées, et sont de plus en plus sollicitées dans différents domaines (géographie, informatique, économie, statistiques etc.). La thèse a pour objectif de montrer les apports des TIC dans l'étude d'objets ou phénomènes géographiques dont la distribution est variable dans l'espace. Dans un premier temps, des inégalités territoriales de diffusion d'inf...

  14. Cartographie de corps stériles sous couverture quaternaire par méthode de résistivités électriques dans le gisement phosphaté de Sidi Chennane (Maroc)Sterile bodies mapping under Quaternary cover using resistivity-sounding method in the phosphatic bearing of Sidi Chennane (Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kchikach, Azzouz; Jaffal, Mohammed; Aı̈fa, Tahar; Bahi, Lahcen

    In the Ouled Abdoun sedimentary basin (Morocco), the phosphatic series is composed of regular interbedded phosphatic and marly limestone layers. Some phosphatic deposits in this basin show sterile bodies causing two kinds of problems: (1) as they are hard, compact and masked by a Quaternary cover, they disturb the exploitation in some yards and give bad reserve calculations; (2) even the use of wells and mechanical boreholes did not evidence their delimitation. Therefore, electric prospecting method has been used to evidence their geometrical shape. Petrographical and geometrical studies on these sterile bodies allowed us to choose the appropriate geophysical method to map them. The electrical resistivity survey that we used in the Sidi Chennane area shows that this technique is a good tool to contour these sterile bodies. This method is now considered as useful to the mining engineers to get round them during the exploitation. To cite this article: A. Kchikach et al., C. R. Geoscience 334 (2002) 379-386.

  15. Cartographie de la pollution de l'air : une nouvelle approche basée sur la télédétection et les bases de données géographiques. Application à la ville de Strasbourg

    OpenAIRE

    Ung, Anthony; Ranchin, Thierry; Wald, Lucien; Weber, Christiane; Jacky HIRSCH; Perron, Gilles; Kleinpeter, Joseph

    2002-01-01

    La qualité de l'air dans les villes est devenue une préoccupation majeure en France, en Europe et dans le monde. Les villes concentrent la majorité des populations et des sources de pollution. Elles sont un objet d'étude privilégié pour l'évaluation des pollutions, de leur influence sur la santé et des solutions proposées pour la réduction des polluants. En France, toutes les villes de plus de 100 000 habitants doivent etre équipées d'un réseau de surveillance de la qualité de l'air. Les coût...

  16. Nouvelles méthodes de cartographie sur le socle protérozoïque du Sud de Madagascar. Nature et géométrie de la croûte continentale d'un domaine orogénique en convérgence, implications économiques.

    OpenAIRE

    Randrianasolo, Elisa Brice

    2009-01-01

    L'objectif de cette thèse est de contraindre la nature pétrologique et géométrique de la partie profonde d'un domaine orogénique en convergence. Dans ce but, nous avons créé dans un système d'information géographique projeté (Madagascar Laborde 1923), une base de données géologique du tiers Sud de l'île de Madagascar. Les données utilisées sont variées : observations de terrain, images satellites, données topographiques, mesures gravimétriques, radiométriques et aéromagnétiques. L'analyse, le...

  17. Quadrupole magnetic mapping of the high resolution spectrometers of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Q.M.M. project: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement); Cartographie magnetique des quadripoles des spectrometre a haute resolution du Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Le projet Q.M.M.: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quemener, Gilles [Ecole Doctorale des Science Fondamentales, Universite Blaise Pascal, U.F.R. de Recherche Scientifique et Technique, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France)

    1997-12-19

    This thesis describes the magnetic measurements that have been performed on the superconducting quadrupoles of the High Resolution Spectrometers of TJNAF, Hall A (USA), which are designed to measure particle momentum up to 4 GeV.c{sup -1} with a {sigma}p/p = 10{sup -4} resolution. The mapping method is based on rotating coil technique, the originality being a segmentation of the probe along the quad axis. Together with an accurate magnet modelling, the measurement of the flux variations through the set of rotating coils allows to determine the magnetic field at each point. We use the 3D field formalism, i.e., the Fourier-Bessel expansion of the field obtained by solving the Laplace equation. We describe the QMM method and then the apparatus consisting in two probes of length 1.6 m and 3.2 m built to map the three quadrupoles Q1, Q2, Q3. Data processing uses Fourier analysis. The mapping of the Electron Arm took place in situ in 1996. A first set of results concerns integral measurements including the properties of excitation cycle of the magnets (saturation and hysteresis). Second set of results in terms of local field yields the 3D field maps of the quadrupoles. After having applied corrections to the data we obtain a local field accuracy of 5 Gauss on each component, i.e. an uncertainty of 5.10{sup -4} relative to the quadrupole central field. We use SNAKE ray-tracing code with the implementation of QMM field maps and obtain preliminary results on HRS optics. (author) 48 refs., 93 figs., 41 tabs.

  18. Etude anatomique et fonctionnelle de l’innervation pelvipérinéale de la femme : cartographie tridimensionnelle de l’expression de la forme neurale de l’enzyme de synthèse de l’oxyde nitrique (nNOS)

    OpenAIRE

    Moszkowicz, David

    2012-01-01

    Si les connaissances anatomiques supportent l’élaboration des techniqueschirurgicales, peu d’informations étaient disponibles sur l’anatomie et la physiologie del’innervation pelvi-périnéale. La détermination précise de l’origine, du trajet péri-viscéral, desrapports anatomiques avec les organes et les vaisseaux de voisinage et de la terminaison deces nerfs au niveau d’organes dont ils commandent la fonction était jusqu’alors peu accessibleaux techniques anatomiques classiques de dissection m...

  19. Cartographie des champs thermiques de surface de la mer par synthèse d'images et de données in situ mesurées par bateaux = Mapping sea surface temperature fields merging satellite imagery and ship in situ measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Gohin, F.

    1992-01-01

    Du fait de la concentration importante de la vapeur d'eau de l'atmosphère, un suivi précis des températures de surface de la mer est particulièrement difficile en zones tropicales et équatoriales. Le rayonnement infra-rouge est altéré lors du trajet dans l'atmosphère. Cependant des contrôles et des calibrations sont possibles grâce aux données mesurées par les bateaux. Une fois que les pixels contaminés par les nuages ont été exclus, une carte de synthèse peut être réalisée à l'aide de techni...

  20. Introduction to the Dept. of Cartography and Geo-Info-TUPU, In Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research(IGSNRR), CAS%中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所地图学与地学信息图谱研究室概况(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐清文

    2001-01-01

    Founded in 1958, with Academician Chen Shupeng as its first director and later the most important advisor, the department has since then made remarkable achievements in the field of national atlas editing and making, agriculture mapping, map making for satellite engineer, geomorphologic mapping, population and social-economy mapping,

  1. Imagerie spectroscopique et spectroscopie localisée par RMN du proton in vivo.
    Application à l'étude de la physiopathologie tumorale par cartographie des métabolites et du pH extracellulaire dans un modèle experimental de gliomes C6

    OpenAIRE

    Provent, Peggy

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this work was to optimize the conditions and the acquisition techniques for spectroscopy and spectroscopic imaging by 1H NMR in vivo in small animals and to apply these techniques to two biological topics. Acquisition conditions have been improved by the use of an automatic correction of B0 field inhomogeneities. Sequences have been improved by the use of an optimized water suppression scheme (VAPOR) and of spiral encoding gradients for short echo time spectroscopic imaging.Extrace...

  2. Indexation d'une base de données images : Application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    This document is related both to indexing methods in image data bases and to localization methods used in mobile robotics. It exploits the relationships between research works on Perception made in the Robotics department of LAAS-CNRS in Toulouse, and on Data Mining performed by the LIMIARF lab at the Rabat university. Computer Vision has become a major source of sensory data on mobile robots for about ten years; it allows to build especially representations of the environment in which a robo...

  3. Kinetic cartography of radioisotopes of iodine in the thyroid follicles of the new-born rats under low or standard iodine diet: Analyzed using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (NanoSIMS50): Contribution to the study of the consequences of Chernobyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most significant impact of the Chernobylsk accident is the increased incidence of thyroid cancers among children in contaminated areas. To estimate the radiation dose provided by radioiodine released after Chernobylsk (iodine 131 and short-lived isotopes, iodine 132, 133, 134, 135), we used new-born rats to mimic the situation of fallout contamination (young age and iodine deficiency). The pups, under low iodine diet and under standard diet, were contaminated with 129I at ages varying between 2 to 15 days and sacrificed 1, 4, 8, 24 hours and 4, 8 days after contamination. The variation in intra colloidal iodine distribution from 1 hour to 8 days was performed using a new ionic nano probe (NanoSIMS50). This method permits to discriminate between the newly incorporated iodine (129) and the initial pool of iodine (127). SIMS observations permit to heterogeneous intra and inter follicular distribution of 129I. Iodine deficiency increases the absorbed amounts of iodine by a factor 10. Dosimetric estimations show an important contribution of short-lived radioiodine to the total thyrocyte dose. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the age and the iodine deficiency accelerate the absorption of iodine in follicles and that the contribution of short-lived iodine connate ne neglected. (author)

  4. Perception de l'environnement par radar hyperfréquence. Application à la localisation et la cartographie simultanées, à la détection et au suivi d'objets mobiles en milieu extérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Vivet, Damien

    2011-01-01

    In outdoor robotic context, notion of perception and localization is essential for an autonomous navigation of a mobile robot. The objectives of this PhD are multiple and tend to develop a simultaneous localization and mapping approach in a dynamic outdoor environment with detection and tracking of moving objects (SLAMMOT) with a unique exteroceptive radar sensor in real driving conditions, around 30 km/h. At such high speed, data obtained with a rotating range sensor are corrupted by the own...

  5. Indexation d'une base de données images : application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    Ce mémoire concerne les techniques d'indexation dans des bases d'image, ainsi que les méthodes de localisation en robotique mobile. Il fait le lien entre les travaux en Perception du pôle Robotique et Intelligence Artificielle du LAAS-CNRS, et les recherches sur la fouille de données menées à l'Université de Rabat. Depuis une dizaine d'années, la vision est devenue une source de données sensorielles essentielles sur les robots mobiles: elle fournit en particulier des représentations de l'envi...

  6. Geology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database is an Arc/Info implementation of the 1:500,000 scale Geology Map of Kansas, M­23, 1991. This work wasperformed by the Automated Cartography section of...

  7. Report of mortmorilloniticas clay in the Medina swamp (Cerro Largo district)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the prospect ion work for the montmorillonitics clay in the region of Medina swamp in Cerro Largo district. The existence of new deposits was detected by cartography and geological study.

  8. 78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... from individuals with expertise in navigation data, products and services; marine cartography and... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice...

  9. Une carte du feu

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvie RIMBERT

    1991-01-01

    L’un des apports majeurs de l’informatisation à la cartographie est de faciliter la simulation spatiale. On propose ici un exemple de diffusion d’incendie, simulée sur micro-ordinateur bas de gamme.

  10. Caolines Program. N1 area prospective soundings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is about The Caolines program. After several stages was designed a network of drilling to be developed in prospective areas. The support of this network was a geological cartography performed in a devonian region.

  11. Mapping the Literature of GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarletto, Edith A.

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed citations in four journals, "Annals of the Association of American Geographers," "Cartography and Geographic Information Science," "International Journal of Geographical Information Science," and "Cartographic Journal," using Bradford's Law of Scattering to identify three influence zones…

  12. Geoinformation for Informed Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents the latest research developments in geoinformation science, which includes all the sub-disciplines of the field, such as: geomatic engineering, GIS, remote sensing, digital photogrammetry, digital cartography, etc....

  13. CARTOGRAFÍAS DISIDENTES. FENOMENOLOGÍAS URBANAS, MAPAS Y TRANSGRESIÓN ARTÍSTICA

    OpenAIRE

    BARRERA BENJUMEA, MIGUEL ÁNGEL

    2016-01-01

    [EN] Hotspot analysis allows us to determine the direction and scope of cartography's influence in contemporary art, as a device capable of both shaping and shoring up dissident proposals. In artistic practice, cartography allows us to decide upon a unique representation of the world and erase dividing lines between territories. Mapping thus becomes essential and non-neutral as a tool for transforming our reality. As a part of this research, the city is transformed into a stage for ta...

  14. NASA’S PLANETARY GEOLOGIC MAPPING PROGRAM: OVERVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, D.A.

    2016-01-01

    NASA’s Planetary Science Division supports the geologic mapping of planetary surfaces through a distinct organizational structure and a series of research and analysis (R&A) funding programs. Cartography and geologic mapping issues for NASA’s planetary science programs are overseen by the Mapping and Planetary Spatial Infrastructure Team (MAPSIT), which is an assessment group for cartography similar to the Mars Exploration Program Assessment Group (MEPAG) for Mars exploration. MAPSIT...

  15. Web maps adaptation for smart phones

    OpenAIRE

    Berkopec, Katja

    2015-01-01

    This thesis presents the web maps viewer adaption for smartphones. The first part describes development of the media maps, with the emphasis on mobile cartography description. The concept of mobile cartography, user tasks in a mobile environment, design and adaptation of mobile maps are described. The second part introduces smartphones, their connection to the Internet and their operating systems. Practical part of the thesis includes the presentation of the mobile tourist map of ...

  16. SDI Days

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Hećimović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available NSDI and INSPIRE Days and Cartography and Geoinformation Conferences are traditionally organized every year. Three NSDI and INSPIRE Days and Cartography and Geoinformation Conferences have been organized so far: Varaždin (2009, Opatija (2010 and Split (2011. The Regional INSPIRE Training and Forum organized by EU INSPIRATION Project was also included this year. SDI Days were held in the Hotel International in Zagreb, September 25th – 29th, 2012.

  17. Navigational web map of Europe – design and implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Škrinjar, Matjaž

    2008-01-01

    Web cartography is going through a rapid development in a last few years. OGC standards have an important role during that development, along with the open source web cartography software. This graduation thesis presents procedures for implementating and designing a navigational web map of Europe, using open source software and OGC standards. OGC WMS and SLD specifications are described. Open source software required for web map implementation is also described. Web map of Europe is made of u...

  18. Zero Feet Away: The Digital Geography of Gay Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Yoel

    2016-01-01

    For this contribution to the "Cartographies" section of the special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," the author focuses on the terrains of digital media, geosocial networking, and sexually based social media in LGBT communities. Addressing the communal potentials and ethical complications of geosocial connections made possible by such sexually based social media, the author asks whether digital forms of cartography via applications such as Grindr and Scruff simplify, complicate, or merely expose historically longstanding notions of queer interconnectivity. PMID:26643774

  19. TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CADASTRAL MAPPING IN TAJIKISTAN USING HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA

    OpenAIRE

    Kaczynski, R.

    2012-01-01

    European Commission funded project entitled: "Support to the mapping and certification capacity of the Agency of Land Management, Geodesy and Cartography" in Tajikistan was run by FINNMAP FM-International and Human Dynamics from Nov. 2006 to June 2011. The Agency of Land Management, Geodesy and Cartography is the state agency responsible for development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of state policies on land tenure and land management, including the on-going land reform and regis...

  20. A crian��a e seus direitos na família e na sociedade: uma cartografia das leis e resoluções El niño y sus derechos en la familia y en la sociedad: una cartografía de las leyes y de las resoluciones The rigths of the child in family and in society: cartography of laws and resolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilvana Lima Verde Gomes

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa compreende uma revisão documental das leis, resoluções e outros documentos referentes ao direito das crianças e adolescentes existentes no Brasil e exterior, objetivando com isso uma compreensão e um conhecimento maior sobre a criança e seus direitos. Os documentos selecionados foram: a Declaração dos Direitos da Criança de 1959; a Constituição Federal do Brasil de 1988; a Carta da Criança Hospitalizada de 1988; o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente de 1990; e os Direitos da Criança e do Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolução 41/95. Realizamos leitura flutuante de todos os documentos, citamos artigos relevantes ao tema, ressaltando algumas considerações. Concluímos que já existem legislações que protegem o direito da criança, porém é necessário garantir o usufruto desses direitos.Esta investigación comprende una revisión documental de las leyes, resoluciones y otros documentos referentes al derecho de los niños y adolescentes en Brasil y en el exterior y tiene como objetivo una comprensión y un conocimiento mayor sobre el niño y sus derechos. Los documentos seleccionados han sido: la Declaración de los Derechos del Niño de 1959; la Constitución Federal de Brasil de 1988; la Carta del Niño Hospitalizado, de 1988; el Estatuto del Niño y del Adolescente de 1990; y los Derechos del Niño y del Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolución 41/95. Hemos realizado lectura fluctuante de todos los documentos, citamos artículos relevantes al tema y resaltamos algunas consideraciones. Hemos concluido que ya existen legislaciones que protegen el derecho de los niños, pero es necesario garantizar el usufructo de esos derechos.This research is a documental review of laws, resolutions and others documents related to children and adolescents' rights existing in Brazil and overseas, aiming thus a comprehension and greater knowledge about the child and his rights. The documents chosen were:1959's Pronouncement of Child Rights; 1988's Federal Constitution of Brazil; 1988's Letter of Hospitalized Child; 1990´s Statute of Child and Adolescent; and the Rights of Child and Adolescent hospitalized (Resolution 41/95. We did floating reading of all documents, mentioning relevant articles to theme, highlighting some considerations. We conclude that already exist legislations that protect the right of child, though it is necessary to ensure the use of these rights.

  1. A crian��a e seus direitos na família e na sociedade: uma cartografia das leis e resoluções El niño y sus derechos en la familia y en la sociedad: una cartografía de las leyes y de las resoluciones The rigths of the child in family and in society: cartography of laws and resolutions

    OpenAIRE

    Ilvana Lima Verde Gomes; Rosângela Caetano; Maria Salete Bessa Jorge

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa compreende uma revisão documental das leis, resoluções e outros documentos referentes ao direito das crianças e adolescentes existentes no Brasil e exterior, objetivando com isso uma compreensão e um conhecimento maior sobre a criança e seus direitos. Os documentos selecionados foram: a Declaração dos Direitos da Criança de 1959; a Constituição Federal do Brasil de 1988; a Carta da Criança Hospitalizada de 1988; o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente de 1990; e os Direitos da Cr...

  2. Earth Resources Technology Satellite data collection project, ERTS - Bolivia. [thematic mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockmann, C. E.

    1974-01-01

    The Earth Resources Technology Satellite program of Bolivia has developed a multidisciplinary project to carry out investigations in cartography and to prepare various thematic maps. In cartography, investigations are being carried out with the ERTS-1 images and with existing maps, to determine their application to the preparation of new cartographic products on one hand and on the other to map those regions where the cartography is still deficient. The application of the MSS images to the geological mapping has given more than satisfactory results. Working with conventional photointerpretation, it has been possible to prepare regional geological maps, tectonic maps, studies relative to mining, geomorphological maps, studies relative to petroleum exploration, volcanological maps and maps of hydrologic basins. In agriculture, the ERTS images are used to study land classification and forest and soils mapping.

  3. ¿Cartografía antigua o Cartografía histórica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespo Sanz, Antonio

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The terms related to the History of Cartography need to be revised in the light of the confusion and ambiguities that have been brought about. Many map publications or catalogues use the term historical cartography to characterize their content, although the name old cartography should be used instead; and literal translation of some expressions taken from other languages yields unsuccessful results. The new technologies have lead to a singular development and dissemination of Cartography, its thrust also bearing upon old cartography. The main archives and libraries publish their collections with high resolution and their documents may be analyzed with more manageable and friendly tools, but there are not many theoretical studies about their nature or aims and there are no proposals to reformulate the basic definitions linked to the History of Cartography either. Along these lines we intend to analyze and reflect upon the vocabulary pertaining to this discipline, thus easing the task of those addressing themselves to old maps.

    [es] Los términos relacionados con la Historia de la Cartografía necesitan ser revisados, a tenor de las confusiones y ambigüedades que se vienen produciendo. Muchas publicaciones o catálogos de mapas utilizan el término cartografía histórica para definir su contenido, cuando debería utilizarse la expresión cartografía antigua, y la traducción literal de algunas expresiones tomadas de otros idiomas, arroja resultados poco afortunados. Las nuevas tecnologías han provocado un desarrollo y una difusión inusitados de la Cartografía, y su empuje afecta a la cartografía antigua. Los principales archivos y bibliotecas publican sus fondos con gran resolución y sus documentos pueden ser analizados con herramientas más ágiles y amigables, pero no abundan los estudios teóricos sobre su naturaleza u objetivos, ni existen propuestas para reformular las definiciones básicas vinculadas a la Historia de la

  4. 载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用%Application of Manned Submersible in Deep-sea Surveying and Charting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁忠军; 周兴华; 高伟

    2013-01-01

    介绍了载人潜水器的特点及其在深海海洋测绘中的重要作用,详细论述了美、法、日、俄等国的载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用现状,并对我国“蛟龙”号载人潜水器在深海海洋测绘中的应用进行了展望.%The superiority of manned submersible and its important role in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography are presented in this paper. The application status of manned submersible from America, France, Japan and Russia in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography is summarized here And we also propose some suggestions about the application in abysmal marine geodesy and cartography to the manned submersible "Jiaolong".

  5. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  6. O Mapa das Cortes: perspectivas cartográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pimentel Cintra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a thorough analysis of the Map of the Courts based on criteria used in cartography, particularly mathematical cartography. As such, it takes into account the following elements: author, scale, projection, the prime meridian, colors, conventions, symbology, and other. After a qualitative morphological analysis, we move on to a quantitative examination by comparing the said map with a quite accurate present-day chart, using a digital cartography software application and spreadsheet to match the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude of over 430 points. The systematic and detailed quantification of errors in various areas, from the Atlantic coast to the Amazon region, revealed surprising aspects as to how skillfully the Map of the Courts was constructed. This analysis enabled us to quantify the distortions more accurately and thus identify the locations where they were introduced as well their unquestionable intentional character.

  7. Ville et santé publique au Japon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takano Takehito

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Mon intervention porte sur le niveau de santé en secteur urbain et les questions à l'ordre du jour dans le domaine de la santé publique au Japon. La première partie concerne la cartographie des indices de santé en secteur urbain. Une telle cartographie requiert l'utilisation de techniques de traitement de l'image. On peut l'effectuer soit à l'aide du “ système d'information géographique ” (Geographic Information System, GIS, soit par une “image-diagnostic” (Image Diagnosis des différentes ...

  8. La France mesurée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique PELLETIER

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À la cartographie de cabinet se substitua à la fin du XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle une cartographie de terrain dont la précision et la cohésion sont la conséquence de l'établissement d'un canevas géométrique couvrant tout le territoire français. La première carte de France, celle de Cassini, plus géométrique que topographique, est l'illustration, voire la caricature, des nouvelles méthodes.

  9. Robotique Mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Filliat, David

    2011-01-01

    1 Introduction I Les bases de la navigation 2 Les différents types de navigation 3 Les sources d'information 4 Matériels courants en robotique mobile II Navigation réactive 5 Navigation vers un but 6 Évitement d'obstacles 7 Apprentissage par renforcement III Navigation utilisant une carte 8 Localisation, Cartographie et Planification 9 Les représentations de l'environne 10 Localisation 11 Cartographie 12 Planification École d'ingénieur

  10. Evolution des zones humides d'Anatolie intérieure : exemple de la plaine de Konya, Turquie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Kuzucuoglu

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available L’évolution 1987-1993 du lac d’Akgöl (Est de la plaine de Konya est cartographiée et mesurée, par diachronie de deux scènes SPOT XS. La contraction correspond à un accroissement des prélèvements dans les nappes d’eau souterraines. D’autres secteurs font l’objet d’une cartographie géomorphologique illustrant l’évolution des paléoenvironnements lacustres et palustres au Pléistocène Supérieur.

  11. Interactive maps: What we know and what we need to know

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Roth

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a review of the current state of science regarding cartographic interaction, a complement to the traditional focus within cartography on cartographic representation. Cartographic interaction is defined as the dialog between a human and map, mediated through a computing device, and is essential to the research into interactive cartography, geovisualization, and geovisual analytics. The review is structured around six fundamental questions facing a science of cartographic interaction: (1 what is cartographic interaction (e.g., digital versus analog interactions, interaction versus interfaces, stages of interaction, interactive maps versus mapping systems versus map mash-ups; (2 why provide cartographic interaction (e.g., visual thinking, geographic insight, the stages of science, the cartographic problematic; (3 when should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., static versus interactive maps, interface complexity, the productivity paradox, flexibility versus constraint, work versus enabling interactions; (4 who should be provided with cartographic interaction (e.g., user-centered design, user ability, expertise, and motivation, adaptive cartography and geocollaboration; (5 where should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., input capabilities, bandwidth and processing power, display capabilities, mobile mapping and location-based services; and (6 how should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., interaction primitives, objective-based versus operator-based versus operand-based taxonomies, interface styles, interface design? The article concludes with a summary of research questions facing cartographic interaction and offers an outlook for cartography as a field of study moving forward.

  12. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brzeziński, Aleksander; Barlik, Marcin; Andrasik, Ewa; Izdebski, Waldemar; Kruczyk, Michał; Liwosz, Tomasz; Olszak, Tomasz; Pachuta, Andrzej; Pieniak, Magdalena; Próchniewicz, Dominik; Rajner, Marcin; Szpunar, Ryszard; Tercjak, Monika; Walo, Janusz

    2016-06-01

    The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  13. I. vojenské mapování jako pramen pro poznání krajiny druhé poloviny 18. století. Komunikace v pražském regionu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chodějovská, Eva

    Praha : Historický ústav, 2012 - (Chodějovská, E.; Šimůnek, R.), s. 159-184 ISBN 978-80-7286-199-6 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : early modern era * old maps * cartography Subject RIV: AB - History

  14. フランスにおける近代地図作成

    OpenAIRE

    細井, 将右

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the modern cartography since the 17th century in France. In the middle 17th century, the Academy of Sciences was created in France by J-P. Colbert and the task of making precise maps of France was given to the Academy. J. Picard was n

  15. Student Scientific Conference 2000. Abstracts of papers of students and post-graduate students

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the Student Scientific Conference was review of works of students and post-graduate students from universities of the Slovak Republic and Czech Republic. The proceedings of the conference contain 43 abstracts of Biological Section, 69 abstracts of Chemical Section, 18 abstracts of Environmental Section, 15 abstracts of Geography and Cartography Section, and 31 abstracts of Geology Section

  16. 75 FR 3863 - Mandatory Deposit of Published Electronic Works Available Only Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ..., transactions, and other publications of societies. (c) * * * (5) Electronic works published in the United..., sound recordings, automated databases, cartography, and all other categories of electronic works... additional definitions to clarify the category of electronic serials or questioned the use of other terms...

  17. Geospatial Technologies and Higher Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leguizamon, Saturnino

    2010-01-01

    The term "geospatial technologies" encompasses a large area of fields involving cartography, spatial analysis, geographic information system, remote sensing, global positioning systems and many others. These technologies should be expected to be available (as "natural tools") for a country with a large surface and a variety of climates, such as…

  18. The "Digital Turn" of the European Historic Towns Atlas: Comparing Solutions for Digital Atlas Production and online Presentation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chodějovská, Eva; Gearty, S.; Stracke, D.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 1 (2015), s. 89-121. ISSN 1828-6364 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-11425S Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Historic Towns Atlas * International Commission for the History of Towns * urban history * cartography Subject RIV: AB - History

  19. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzeziński Aleksander

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  20. The Map and Geoinformatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrobak, Tadeusz

    2012-09-01

    The article presents the relationship between cartography and geoinformatics affecting their scientific and socio- economic development. W artykule przedstawiono wzajemne relacje kartografii i geoinformatyki mające wpływ na ich rozwój naukowy i społeczno-gospodarczy.

  1. Earth resources requirements Skylab missions SL-1/SL-2, SL-3, and SL-4. Appendix B: Mission requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Earth resources requirements to be investigated by Skylab missions 1 through 4 are presented tabularly. Areas to be investigated include: (1) agriculture, range, and forestry; (2) geology; (3) continental water resources; (4) ocean investigations; (5) atmospheric investigations; (6) coastal zones, shoals, and bays; (7) remote sensing techniques; and (8) cartography.

  2. The concept of level detail in 3D city models: PhD Research Proposal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biljecki, F.

    2013-01-01

    Level of detail (LoD) is a concept available in various disciplines from computer graphics and cartography to electrical circuit design. For GIS practitioners, the discipline where level of detail is most relevant and well known is 3D city modelling. While present LoD paradigms, such as the one foun

  3. Komparativní kartografie a ikonografie Českého koutku – zrcadlo regionální identity a mentalit?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Semotanová, Eva

    Hradec Králové : Univerzita v Hradci Králové, 2008 - (Wolf, V.), s. 35-53 ISBN 978-80-903509-8-4. - (Kladský sborník. Supplementum. 5) Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : cartography * iconography * region Kladsko Subject RIV: AB - History

  4. Aperçu systématique, phénologique et biogéographique des Coléoptères Elatérides de Belgique

    OpenAIRE

    Jeuniaux, Charles

    1989-01-01

    The Belgium fauna includes 94 Elaterid species. Their intraspecific variations, phenology and distribution in Belgium were amalysed on the basis of samples collected during 150 years. UTM computed cartography allowed to describe the localization of every species and, in some cases, to point out some recent tendencies towards regression or expansion of geographic area.

  5. Cartographic database vizualizing for mitigation of disaster consequences

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kolejka, Jaromír; Svatoňová, H.; Žaloudík, J.

    Legnica: Océ Poland, 2009, s. 36-37. [Szkola kartograficzna /18./. Legnica (PL), 25.03.2009-26.03.2009] Grant ostatní: GA Mšk MSM0021622418 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : disaster * decision * cartography Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  6. Journal of Spatial Information Science

    OpenAIRE

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-01-01

    The Journal of Spatial Information Science (JoSIS) is a new international interdisciplinary journal with open access dedicated to publishing original research and review papers related to spatial information science. Themes of the journal include computer geometry, geocomputation, spatial algorithms, geovisualization, cartography, spatial data models, web GIS, spatial databases, and location based services.

  7. US Geological Survey activities, fiscal year 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Activities in Alaska, Mount St. Helens, leasing and regulatory procedure, coal, royalty management, water data telemetry, acid rain, hazardous wastes, oil and gas resources, and digital cartography are reviewed. Chemical and nuclear wastes and petroleum exploration in Alaska are discussed. Management issues are addressed. Mapping activities are reported. Water resources, conservation, and earth sciences, are also reviewed

  8. Mathematical Definitions of Operators for Cartographic Generalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper puts forword 11 cartographic generalization operator models and introduces their mathematical definitions,and thus a precise mathematical form and quantitative description has been given to these formerly limited qualitative concepts.The meaning of mathematical definition of operators for cartographic generalization and the application prospect in computer-aided cartography (CAC) is stated.

  9. Positron emission tomography and radiotherapy planning in lung cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimisation of the field of irradiation is the aim of the radiotherapist. Pet-Scan provides information revealing a better cartography of node involvement and allowing a better delineation of the tumour zone. In the follow-up of irradiated patients, PET-Scan provides information on the nature of residual lesions and a possible recurrence. (authors)

  10. Comment mesurer les déplacements dans l’Antiquité? L’illusoire précision du site Orbis

    OpenAIRE

    Florent Hautefeuille

    2013-01-01

    Le site de cartographie des transports dans l’Antiquité romaine Orbis, dont il a été rendu compte dans un récent numéro de Mappemonde (n°106, 2012), fournit un outil de modélisation remarquable par sa conception et par sa simplicité d’utilisation.

  11. Lived and Imagined: Information and Storytelling in Geographic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabisch, Eric Alan

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the relationship between storytelling and information in the narration of geographic space. While storytelling has historically shaped our understanding of geography, modern practices in data collection, cartography, and geographic visualization enable one-way forms of representation that remove the negotiation and…

  12. Paysages agro-écologiques et macrostructures dans les Llanos occidentaux du Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Pouyllau, Michel

    1991-01-01

    Á partir des données satellitaires Landsat, un exemple de cartographie de paysages agro-écologiques et de macrostructures, liées à une puissante dynamique alluviale dans les Llanos occidentaux du Venezuela: la région de Guanare.

  13. Une carte du feu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie RIMBERT

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available L’un des apports majeurs de l’informatisation à la cartographie est de faciliter la simulation spatiale. On propose ici un exemple de diffusion d’incendie, simulée sur micro-ordinateur bas de gamme.

  14. Modélisation de la connaissance d'un pédologue cartographe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe LAGACHERIE

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Les lois de cartographie des sols sont formalisées à partir de la carte d’un secteur de référence puis utilisées à l’extérieur de celui-ci pour automatiser les prospections ultérieures.

  15. La geolingüística catalana, ahir i avui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Veny

    2015-07-01

    cartography. They have done so by means of tables of summaries and comments about dialectal data classified and presented in maps with structural, onomàstic and motivational criteria. The second part of this paper updates geolinguistic work done on the Catalan language in the last decades from a renewed geographical, thematic and social dimension.

  16. Mapping Civic Engagement: A Case Study of Service-Learning in Appalachia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Jessica; Casebeer, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    This study uses social cartography to map student perceptions of a co-curricular service-learning project in an impoverished rural community. As a complement to narrative discourse, mapping provides an opportunity to visualize not only the spatial nature of the educational experience but also, in this case, the benefits of civic engagement. The…

  17. L'archipel financier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian MILELLI

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Un nouveau système financier, à la fois concentré et autonome, se met en place. Ses «lieux sacrés» sont cartographiés: «centres universels» majeurs (2 ou 3, centres régionaux, centres «spécialisés» en archipel.

  18. GIS for diagnosis and environmental monitoring of degraded area by shale mining in Sao Mateus do Sul - Parana state, Brazil; SIG (sistemas de informacoes geograficas) para diagnostico e monitoramento ambiental da area degradada pela mineracao de xisto em Sao Mateus do Sul - PR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, Cinthia Obladen de Almendra [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Inst. de Saneamento Ambiental; Brandalize, Maria Cecilia Bonato [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Arquitetura e Urbanismo]. E-mail: cinthia@rla01.pucpr.br

    1997-07-01

    This work present a geographical information system (GIS) used for diagnosis and monitoring of Corrego Cachoeira hydrographic basin. The basin will be provided with a digital cartography base and alphanumeric data base, allowing the integration and development of various other studies. The structure of SIG, as well as software and hardware used by the project are presented.

  19. Cartografía social como metodología participativa y colaborativa de investigación en el territorio afrodescendiente de la cuenca alta del río Cauca

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velez Torres, Irene; Rátiva-Gaona, Sandra; Varela-Corredor, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the opportunities and challenges given by social cartography as a participatory and collaborative methodology to characterize the socio-environmental conflicts in three areas of the upper basin of the Cauca River, Colombia. The text is organized in five parts: (i) introduction...

  20. Interface robotics in nuclear emergencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The area between the reactor building and the external wall of a nuclear power station could be affected in case of a severe accident with repercussion in the outside. The article describes a series of robotics machines which could be used for building recognition, transmission improvement, civil works and for the making of a radiologic cartography in this area. (Author)

  1. Intercomparison of daytime stratospheric NO2 satellite retrievals and model simulations

    OpenAIRE

    M. Belmonte Rivas; P. Veefkind; BOERSMA F; P. Levelt; Eskes, H.; J. Gille

    2014-01-01

    This paper evaluates the agreement between stratospheric NO2 retrievals from infrared limb sounders (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) and High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS)) and solar UV/VIS backscatter sensors (Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) limb and nadir) over the 2005–2007 period and across the seasons. The observational agreement ...

  2. Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Yenes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Presented herein is a cartographic procedure that is easy to utilise and at low-cost, which facilitates the first stages of planning and management of a naturally protected space and considers the geotechnical parameters that influence human activity. This procedure uses geographical information systems technology by combining the cartographies for the most influential parameters on the stability of the area (lithology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, slopes, lineament/fractures and seismicity with geomechanical mapping generated from geotechnical parameters obtained through field and laboratory tests. This geotechnical mapping facilitates the division of a territory into zones according to each type of problem and generates a cartography for natural hazards. Using this information, it is possible to produce a cartography of constructive conditions or geotechnical hazards. This methodology has been validated by application to two natural protected spaces, “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas”. The validation confirmed that the cartography procedure described herein is a preventive, and not a structural measure. It is a tool that delimits areas with different constructive use recommendations and limitations, and therefore, is useful for natural space managers.

  3. Multimedia as Rhizome: Design Issues in a Network Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Kathleen

    1992-01-01

    Defines the concepts of hypertext, hypermedia, multimedia, and multimedia networks. Using the rhizome as a metaphor for electronically mediated exchange, a theory of hypermedia design that incorporates principles of connection and heterogeneity, multiplicity, asignifying rupture, and cartography and decalomania is explored. (four references) (MES)

  4. Mapping a Rhizome of 21st Century Language Arts: Travel Plans for Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagood, Margaret C.

    2009-01-01

    Language arts education has experienced enormous growth and change with the advent of multimodalities in new media, digital literacies, and technologies. In this paper, Hagood uses Deleuze and Guattari's (1980/1987) theoretical work of a rhizome, rhizoanalysis, and rhizomatic cartography to view the field and examine differently converging…

  5. Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonseth, Y.; Monnerat, C.

    2003-01-01

    Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata) In 1998 the Swiss Centre for the Cartography of Fauna (CSCF) initiated ‘Odonata 2000’. This project aimed at testing a method for periodical reassessment of Red Lists in Switzerland. The study was carried out on Odonata and consi

  6. Unit 099 - Detecting and Evaluating Errors by Graphical Methods

    OpenAIRE

    133, CC in GIScience; Beard, Kate; Hunter, Gary

    2000-01-01

    This unit discusses error detection and evaluation by graphical methods. It describes example methods used in statistics, cartography and GIS; challenges including issues in graphic design, metadata, error analysis and detection; techniques for analyzing raw data; and a framework for graphical methods.

  7. Precarious Learning and Labour in Financialized Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnusson, Jamie

    2013-01-01

    Our current globalized economic regimes of financialized capital have systematically altered relations of learning and labour through the dynamics of precarity, debt, and the political economy of new wars. The risks of these regimes are absorbed unevenly across transnational landscapes, creating cartographies of violence and dispossession,…

  8. Velkoplošný obraz krajiny jako reprezentativní dekorace interiéru. Mapa třeboňského panství z roku 1684

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šimůnek, Robert

    Praha : Historický ústav, 2012 - (Chodějovská, E.; Šimůnek, R.), s. 81-104 ISBN 978-80-7286-199-6 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : picture-maps of estates * early modern era * cartography * landscape * Třeboň Subject RIV: AB - History

  9. EL MAPA Y LA FORMACIÓN DEL PROFESORADO. APORTACIONES SOBRE LA CARTOGRAFÍA EN REVISTAS Y SUGERENCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Francisca Álvarez Orellana

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este trabajo se presenta una recopilación bibliográfica sobre la cartografía y su enseñanza basada en la revisión de revistas de geografía y de didáctica de los últimos veinte años y en las obras básicas de contenidos cartográficos teóricos, prácticos y didácticos. Esta recopilación quiere ser útil especialmente para los profesores preocupados por la enseñanza de los mapas y de la Geo- grafía con mapas y desean mejorar el proceso de su enseñanza-aprendizaje.Palabras clave:Formación permanente, cartografía, mapas, enseñanza de la Geografía, bibliografía cartográfica. Abstract:Tbis work shows a bibliographic summary about wtograpby and its teaching from the chec- king of geographical and didactic reviews and a basic bibliography of cartography. Tbis summary wants to be usefull for teachers interesting about teaching of maps and Geography with maps to make progress the teaching. Keywords:Cartography; maps; teaching of Geography; cartographic bibliography;Resumé:On propose une compilation bibliographique envuon la cartographie et sa enseignement basé á la revision de revues geographiques et didactiques et bibliographie basique de cartographie. Cene compilation veut etre utile pour les professeurs préocupés a I'enseignement de cartes et Géograp- hie avec caries et ils désirent avantager le proces d'enseignement-apprentissage. Mots Clé:Cartographie, carie géographique, enseignement de Geographie, bibliographie cartographique. 

  10. El poder de los mapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núñez de las Cuevas, Rodolfo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Maps are a great collector of information in today’s society. Good cartography is indispensable in order to carry out just about any type of activity. Although, nowadays, the value of maps is recognized, for centuries only a few illustrious minds have appreciated their real value. This paper traces the significance of maps in different aspects of the official cartography and their importance in the sociopolitical dimension of power. In present times, new cartographical representation techniques offer the possibility to create new types of maps, updating obsolete cartography and improving the knowledge of territory.

    El mapa es un gran colector de información en la sociedad actual, para casi todas las actividades, es imprescindible una buena cartografía. Aunque ahora se reconoce el valor de los mapas, durante muchos siglos, solo algunas mentes preclaras, intuyeron su verdadero valor. El artículo realiza, un recorrido sobre el significado del mapa, en diferentes aspectos de la evolución de la cartografía oficial de los Estados y la importancia en la dimensión sociopolítica del poder, hasta llegar al momento actual, en donde, las nuevas técnicas de representación cartográfica, ofrecen la posibilidad de formar nuevos mapas, revisar cartografía obsoleta y ayudar a mejorar el conocimiento del territorio. [fr] La carte est un grand vecteur d’information dans la société actuelle ; pour presque n’importe quelle activité, une bonne cartographie est indispensable. Bien que de nos jours la valeur des cartes soit reconnue, pendant des siècles uniquement certains esprits éclairés ont su deviner leur valeur réelle. L’article fait un historique sur la signification des cartes en plusieurs aspects de l’évolution de la cartographie officielle des États et sur leur importance dans la dimension socio-politique du pouvoir jusqu’au moment actuel, où les nouvelles techniques de représentation cartographique permettent de cr

  11. Geo economical studies of Mina Florencia (Fluorite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the works of Prospecting of Fluorite in Mina Florencia, in Maldonado Province. The project began in January of 1981, with the elaboration of a regional geologic cartography scale 1/20.000 of an area of 90,85 kilometers and cartography detailed scale 1/5.000 of the immediate area to Mina Florencia (6 kilometer that demonstrated the existence other veins of similar characteristic of the mine in exploration. Later on they were carried out geophysical studies (resistividad and electromagnetism, under the direction of the geophysical Fritz R. Haut of the BGR). The main geophysical anomalies inside the mining concession was studied by mechanical well, which results were showed in this report.

  12. Modern Exploration of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    The Lewis and Clark Geosystem is an online collection of private, state, local, and Federal data resources associated with the geography of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Data were compiled from key partners including NASA s Stennis Space Center, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the University of Montana, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, and from a collection of Lewis and Clark scholars. It combines modern views of the landscape with historical aerial photography, cartography, and other geographical data resources and historical sources, including: The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the Academy of Natural Science's Lewis and Clark Herbarium, high-resolution copies of the American Philosophical Society s primary-source Lewis and Clark Journals, The Library of Congress Lewis and Clark cartography collection, as well as artifacts from the Smithsonian Institution and other sources.

  13. Visual Analysis Based on the Data of Chinese Surveying and Mapping Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Liu, Haiyan; Guo, Wenyue; Yu, Anzhu

    2016-06-01

    Taking four influential Chinese surveying and mapping journals as the data source, 5863 papers published during the period of 2003-2013 were obtained. Using the method of bibliometrics and visual analysis, summarizing the surveying and mapping papers in the past ten years (2003-2013), research themes, authors, and geographical distribution were analyzed. In the study, the papers of geodesy, cartography and GIS are 59.9%, more than half of all the papers. We also determine that the core author group has 131 authors, mainly of whom are from big cities. 90% of top ten cities on the number of publishing papers are capital cities or municipalities directly under the central government.In conclusion, we found that the research focus was different every year, and the research content was richness, the content of geodesy, cartography and GIS were widely researched, and the development of surveying and mapping is imbalanced in China.

  14. Etablissement des cartes cytogénétiques et physiques

    OpenAIRE

    Yerle, Martine

    2000-01-01

    Les cartes géniques des espèces domestiques sont restées très rudimentaires, voire inexistantes, jusqu’au début des années 1990. La situation a évolué à cette période avec la mise en place de vastes programmes de cartographie du génome, aussi bien au plan national (programmes de cartographie de l’INRA, programmes Génome Français) qu’européen (programmes Bridge) pour quelques espèces majeures dont les espèces bovine et porcine. Il est en effet apparu clairement que la connaissance du génome, i...

  15. Tangled wires: biographycal (deslinks in the documentary Elena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuella Leite Rodrigues de Moraes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes questions pertaining to the creative process in the documentary movie Elena (Petra Costa, 2012, whose narrative is constructed through the stories that connect the world of the sisters Elena and Petra. The imagetic-discursive reconstruction of the path taken by her older sister, by the director, author, narrator and protagonist Petra, draws a sort of cartography of the spaces, objects, memories, feelings and desires experienced by both. To investigate this cartography, we selected as theoretical basis the studies focused on issues such as “creation”, “authorship”, “autobiography” and “subjectivity”, which apply or may be applied to contemporary documentary, using authors such as Leonor Arfuch, Evelina Hoisel, Jean-Claude Bernardet, Raquel Schefer, Suely Rolnik, Guattari, Freud and Deleuze.

  16. Participatory maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salovaara-Moring, Inka

    towards a new political ecology. This type of digital cartographies has been highlighted as the ‘processual turn’ in critical cartography, whereas in related computational journalism it can be seen as an interactive and iterative process of mapping complex and fragile ecological developments. This paper......There has recently been considerable attention paid to digital, spatial visualisations in digital journalism and technology studies; less as a product and more as practice. This refers to the notion that rather than reading maps as fixed representations, digital mapping is by nature a dynamic...... is defined as a digitally created affective (map)space within which journalistic practice can be seen as dynamic, performative interactions between journalists, ecosystems, space, and species....

  17. Mind the gap. Cartografie urbane di luoghi dimenticati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia D'Angelo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay’s main goal is getting close to some of the artists which have been using cartography as a means to practice reality during the ’60s. Starting from Henri Lefebvre’s (1901-1991 «cognitive cartography» related to his studies on Everyday life’s critique and the revolutionary situationist concept of the Unitarian Urbanism, a relevant number of artists used mapping - both in a phisical or a mental way - as a means of action and interaction upon the urban context. Using both conceptual and performative practices, artists as Robert Smithson (1938, On Kawara (1933 and Jeremy Wood (1976 have shown how to ‘measure’ the urban ambient way too far from the everyday paths and, for this reason, apparently forgotten.

  18. Abstract of Ph.D Dissertation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Automatic map name placement is an important task among automation of cartography,and it is also a challenge in cartography and GIS field.Map is a descriptive tool that uses a small space to represent a large space so contents of map often compete for the map space.On dense map,features are closely spaced,leaving little room for names or labels.Names must be placed so that they do not overlap each other or conceal existing features.The placements should contribute to the aesthetic quality of the map.Recently,the complex analyses of cartographic label placement task have shown that finding the optimal labeling is a difficult problem.

  19. Cognition spatiale et invasion biologique en forêt de Compiègne: analyses à l'aide d'un SIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Roulier

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Prunus serotina est une espèce invasive qui menace aujourd’hui la biodiversité des forêts françaises, en particulier le massif de Compiègne. L’article présente l’exploitation, dans un SIG, d’une carte cognitive relative à cette invasion biologique. L’approche employée confronte la cartographie de Prunus serotina mesurée selon un protocole botanique avec la représentation spatiale qu’en ont des gestionnaires forestiers du massif. La surestimation et la sous-estimation du phénomène sont cartographiées à partir d’une régression linéaire. L’analyse met en avant le rôle de la visibilité de Prunus serotina et, au-delà, celui de la relation à la plante.

  20. Détection des plantations forestières par imagerie satellite MODIS dans le Sud du Chili

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Toro Balbontín

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans le Sud du Chili, de nombreuses plantations forestières remplacent progressivement la plus grande forêt tempérée humide australe, connue pour sa biodiversité. L'objectif est de repérer et de cartographier ces plantations par le biais de données de télédétection: l'indice de végétation NDVI du satellite MODIS. Le profil temporel de cet indice permet de distinguer les coupes forestières et les incendies. Il est cartographié pour une partie montagneuse de cette zone (cordillère et précordillère littorales et les résultats sont croisés avec diverses sources statistiques et cadastrales, et comparés à des relevés de terrain.

  1. A Map Enters the Conversation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Anders Kristian

    'modes of mattering'. In this paper I explore what difference digital cartography can make to STS practice. I draw on three examples from my own work where digitally mediated maps have entered the conversation and made critical, often surprising, differences to the research process. In my first example...... the map is brought along as an ethnographic device on a piece of fieldwork, in my second example it serves as the central collaborative object in a participatory design project, and in my third example the map becomes the object of contestation as it finds itself centre stage in the controversy it was...... trying to chart. I use these examples to discuss the potential modes of mattering afforded by digital cartography in STS....

  2. Modèles statistiques morphométriques et structurels du cortex pour l'étude du développement cérébral

    OpenAIRE

    Cachia, Arnaud

    2003-01-01

    La recherche des variations anatomiques du cortex, complémentaire des investigations fonctionnelles, a été fortement stimulée ces dernières années par le développement des méthodes d'analyse des images cérébrales. Ces nouvelles possibilités ont conduit à la création de vastes projets de cartographie anatomo-fonctionnelle du cerveau humain, comparables par l'ampleur qu'ils pourraient prendre aux projets de cartographie du génome. Durant les années 90, la communauté de la neuroimagerie a choisi...

  3. The Message in the Shadow: Noise or Knowledge? (Dagstuhl Seminar 15192)

    OpenAIRE

    Casati, Roberto; Cavanagh, Patrick; Santos, Paulo E.

    2015-01-01

    Computer vision, besides being a key area in Computer Science, is present in various industrial applications, such as traffic sign recognition (including car license plates), face and gesture recognition, content-based image retrieval, remote sensing, cartography, radar sensing, and robot mapping. However, most computer vision systems disregard the cognitive aspects of human perception, thus limiting their applicability in natural environments, whereby small changes in the light conditions ca...

  4. Cartografie digitali, Web-GIS e modelli interattivi: verso un sistema “globale” di referenziamento dei dati di rilievo architettonico

    OpenAIRE

    Simone Garagnani; Roberto Mingucci; Aurelio Muzzarelli

    2008-01-01

    Geomatic grants today a critical approach to the digital representation of territory. In this paper, the potential of this informative representation through Multimedia Informative Archives’ (A.I.M. in Italian language) definition has been introduced, proving their versatility collecting, managing and visualizing knowledge architectural element at the different scale of building and town. Structure and formalisation of A.I.M.s allows use of hyperlinks to cartography up to georeference analysi...

  5. Applications of the new geological map of Wallonia

    OpenAIRE

    Marion, Jean-Marc; Mottequin, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    The new geological cartography campaign of the Walloon Region, which has begun in 1990, is mainly based on recent field data. Each map is published on 1:25,000 scale and is accompanied by a explanatory booklet where lithostratigraphy, tectonics, hydrogeology and mineral resources are described. These maps are very useful in every human activity involving the knowledge of the underground such as mining, management of dumpsites, civil engineering, etc.

  6. Playful Identities: The Ludification of Digital Media Cultures

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    In this edited volume, eighteen scholars examine the increasing role of digital media technologies in identity construction through play. Going beyond computer games, this interdisciplinary collection argues that present-day play and games are not only appropriate metaphors for capturing postmodern human identities, but are in fact the means by which people create their identity. From discussions of World of Warcraft and Foursquare to digital cartographies, the combined essays form a groundbr...

  7. Geografía y nación. Claudio Gay y la primera representación cartográfica de Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Sagredo Baeza, Rafael

    2009-01-01

    This work considers the cartographic work that French naturalist Claudio Gay completed after he was hired by the Chilean government in 1830 to explore, recognize and study Chile’s territory and its resources. All of these made the first national cartography of the country possible. Claudio Gay’s cartographic contribution is valued in the context of the relationships between science and power and his maps are interpreted both as essential instruments for state administration and as tools for t...

  8. Astronomía y cosmografía entre 1561 y 1625. Aspectos de la actividad de los matemáticos y cosmógrafos españoles y portugueses

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor NAVARRO BROTÓNS

    2000-01-01

    [EN] The geographic explorations carried out by Spain and Portugal, the control and rule of the lands conquered, the maintenance of empires and construction of the state all gave rise to a series of technical and scientific requirements. These requirements made astronomy and its applications - particularly in the realms of the art of navigation (nautical astronomy), geography and cartography - of prime importance. Institutions such as the Casa de la Contratación of Seville were established in...

  9. artographie des risques naturels dans les Pyrénées et sur leur piémont

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc ANTOINE

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches menées par le CIMA URA-366 sur les risques naturels dans les Pyrénées privilégient leur dimension historique et l’étude des contextes socio-écologiques dans lesquels ils s’inscrivent. Cette approche novatrice débouche sur une cartographie historique des phénomènes, conjugant plusieurs niveaux d’analyse spatiotemporels.

  10. Quaternary evolution of the Caravelas strandplain - Southern Bahia State - Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ana C.S. Andrade; José M.L. Dominguez; Louis Martin; ABÍLIO C.S.P. BITTENCOURT

    2003-01-01

    An evolutionary model is proposed for the Caravelas strandplain. The model encompasses integration of: (i) mapping of Quaternary deposits, (ii) cartography of beach-ridge alignments and their truncations, (iii) relative sea-level history, (iv) development history of the Abrolhos coral reefs, (v) vibra-coring and (vi) C14 dating of Quaternary deposits. Seven major evolutionary stages were identified. These stages show that the strandplain has had its Quaternary evolution strongly controlled by...

  11. X-ray microanalysis by electronic probe. Applications and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work deals with the applications and developments of X-ray microanalysis. Three main applications can be distinguished: the qualitative chemical analysis, the X-ray cartography and the quantitative analysis. Microanalysis can be applied to all hard or soft materials (metals, minerals, ceramics, polymers, biomaterials..). An example of an industrial application of this technique concerning the resolution of cracking problems which appear in nuclear reactor vessels is given. (O.M.)

  12. Use of the 3-D scanner in mapping and monitoring the dynamic degradation of soils: case study of the Cucuteni-Baiceni Gully on the Moldavian Plateau (Romania)

    OpenAIRE

    G. Romanescu; V. Cotiuga; A. Asandulesei; C. Stoleriu

    2012-01-01

    The 3-D scanner, a rapid and precise means of monitoring the dynamics of erosive processes, was first used nationally (Romania) as a new technique of cartography and monitoring the dynamics of soil degradation processes in the Moldavian Plateau. Three sets of measurements took place: in 2008, in 2009 and in 2010, at intervals of exactly one year for the first and six months for the second part. Qualitative and quantitative differences were highlighted. The data obtained w...

  13. Use of the 3-D scanner in mapping and monitoring the dynamic degradation of soils. Case study of the Cucuteni-Baiceni Gully on the Moldavian Plateau (Romania).

    OpenAIRE

    G. Romanescu; B. Venedict; V. Cotiuga; A. Asandulesei

    2011-01-01

    The 3-D Scanner, a rapid and precise means of monitoring the dynamics of erosive processes, was used, first of all nationally (Romania), as a new technique of cartography and monitoring the dynamics of soil degradation processes in the Moldavian Plateau. Three sets of measurements took place: in 2008, in 2009 and in 2010, at intervals of exactly one year for the first and six months for the second part. Qualitative and quantitative differences were highlighted. The data obtained were corrobor...

  14. For the France evolution of the Government role in the definition and the implementing of an energy policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The working group aims to realize a cartography of the State intervention in the energy policy, to evaluate its organization and its tools facing the today challenges and to identify propositions axis. The first part is devoted to the energy model in the new landscape of the energy. The second part deals with the redefinition of the Government competences and missions, as the last part defines the long term management. (A.L.B.)

  15. Image processing techniques for digital orthophotoquad production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Joy J.; Ladner, L. J.; Champion, Richard A.

    1989-01-01

    Orthophotographs have long been recognized for their value as supplements or alternatives to standard maps. Recent trends towards digital cartography have resulted in efforts by the US Geological Survey to develop a digital orthophotoquad production system. Digital image files were created by scanning color infrared photographs on a microdensitometer. Rectification techniques were applied to remove tile and relief displacement, thereby creating digital orthophotos. Image mosaicking software was then used to join the rectified images, producing digital orthophotos in quadrangle format.

  16. Mapping the Super-Whale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders

    2010-01-01

    In empirical discussion on global connections, frequent allusions are made to Michael Burawoy's 'global' and George Marcus' 'multi-sited' ethnographies. While both have inspired transnational fieldwork, neither methodological approach has sufficiently analysed the local-global dichotomy embedded ...... plural 'globalities' is outlined. These claims are developed drawing on the author's inquiries into Japanese whaling practices, showing how 'ethno-socio-cartography' can contribute to the mapping of global-scale micro-cosmoses....

  17. Bedeutung von ‘Geo Business Intelligence’ und Geomarketing zur Entscheidungsunterstützung unternehmerischer Planungsprozesse im Kontext wirtschaftlicher Liberalisierung:

    OpenAIRE

    Feix, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    “Geomarketing is a powerful recently developed scientific methodology which allows decision makers to visualise marketing strategies and discover those areas that are most likely to produce results. Marketing and geography leads to a whole system and provides adequate tools to analyse the socio-economic reality with the help of cartography, computering and statistics” (Chasco Yrigoyen 2003, p.6). The significance of Geo Business Intelligence and Geomarketing for companies is growing becau...

  18. Brain mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Blaž Koritnik

    2004-01-01

    Cartography of the brain ("brain mapping") aims to represent the complexities of the working brain in an understandable and usable way. There are four crucial steps in brain mapping: (1) acquiring data about brain structure and function, (2) transformation of data into a common reference, (3) visualization and interpretation of results, and (4) databasing and archiving. Electrophysiological and functional imaging methods provide information about function of the human brain. A prere...

  19. Sodobni problemi aplikacije geografije v tematski kartografiji:

    OpenAIRE

    Perko, Drago

    2002-01-01

    A thematic map may be a geographical application (tool) in itself or the basis for some other geographical work. The development of Slovene thematic cartography accelerated considerably following the independence of the country in 1991. From the viewpoint of content and technology, its greatest achievements are the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia and the National Atlas of Slovenia, which are outstanding achievements at the international level and of great significance for the promotion of Slov...

  20. Proportional Symbol Mapping in R

    OpenAIRE

    Susumu Tanimura; Chusi Kuroiwa; Tsutomu Mizota

    2006-01-01

    Visualization of spatial data on a map aids not only in data exploration but also in communication to impart spatial conception or ideas to others. Although recent carto-graphic functions in R are rapidly becoming richer, proportional symbol mapping, which is one of the common mapping approaches, has not been packaged thus far. Based on the theories of proportional symbol mapping developed in cartography, the authors developed some functions for proportional symbol mapping using R, including ...

  1. G.I.S. ou pas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie RIMBERT

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available Que peut espérer un chercheur d'un G.I.S. (en français S.I.G.: Système d'Information Géographique? Et un aménageur? Beaucoup au niveau de la formation, car ils assurent visualisation, traitements, transformations, interrogations. Le renouvellement de la cartographie passe aussi par l'étude des surfaces cartographiques.

  2. Mathematical simulation of microwave scattering in the medium with characteristic features of biological tissues and prospectives of microwave tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Sukharevsky, Oleg I.; Lesovoy, V. N.; Zamiatin, V. L.; Gorelyshev, S. A.; Podorozhnyak, A. A.

    1995-01-01

    Computer aided tomography is used today in many areas of science and technology, such as biology, medicine, geophysics, plasma physics, non-destructive introscopy and state control of heat-radiation elements at nuclear power plants, cartography, etc. Microwave imaging is one of the prospective methods of tomography. It is based on the retrieval of dielectric properties of a solid body irradiated by an electromagnetic wave of microwave band. Scanning the scientific and technical literature, in...

  3. Navigating in Virtual Environments with 360o Omnidirectional Rendering

    OpenAIRE

    Ardouin, Jérôme; Lécuyer, Anatole; Marchal, Maud; Marchand, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Typical field-of-view (fov) of visual feedback in virtual reality applications is generally limited. In some cases, e.g. in videogames, the provided fov can be artificially increased, using simple perspective projection methods. In this paper, we design and evaluate different visualization techniques, inspired by the cartography domain, for navigating in virtual environments (VE) with a 360° horizontal fov of the scene. We have conducted an evaluation of different methods compared to a render...

  4. Information system for easy access of the First Military Survey

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pacina, J.; Chodějovská, Eva; Popelka, J.

    Sofia : STEF92 Technology, 2014, s. 683-690. ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4. ISSN 1314-2704. [International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference and EXPO, SGEM 2014. Albena (BG), 17.06.2014-26.06.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP410/12/G113 Keywords : First Military Survey * Bohemia, XVIII century * cartography * scientific edition * information system Subject RIV: AB - History

  5. Submarine earthquake rupture, active faulting and volcanism along the major Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault Zone and implications for seismic hazard assessment in the Patagonian Andes Ruptura sísmica submarina, tectónica y volcanismo activo a lo largo de la Falla Liquiñe-Ofqui e implicancias para el peligro sísmico en los Andes patagónicos

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Vargas; Sofía Rebolledo; Sergio A Sepúlveda; Alfredo Lahsen; Ricardo Thiele; Brian Townley; Cristóbal Padilla; Rodrigo Rauld; Maria José Herrera; Marisol Lara

    2013-01-01

    The Liquiñe-Ofqui fault zone (LOFZ) in the Patagonian Andes is an active major transpressional intra-arc fault system along which Quaternary faulting and volcanism develop. Subaerial and submarine geomorphologic and structural characterization of latest Pleistocene-Holocene faults and monogenetic volcanoes allows us to assess geological cartography of active faults and the kinematic model for recent tectonics during postglacial times, since 12,000 cal. years BP. This allows increasing the bas...

  6. Placing Jane Austen, displacing England : touring between book, history and nation.

    OpenAIRE

    Crang, M

    2003-01-01

    In this essay I want to think through the popularity of Austen by linking her work to two sets of places. The first is the imagined geographies produced through the text, or perhaps more accurately through its reading, which speak of a vanished English society. The second is the present geographies of tourists who visit Austen-themed places in contemporary England. The juxtaposition of these imagined cartographies raises three issues that this essay tries to unpack. First, a nostalgic geograp...

  7. Use of the Resection Map system as guidance during hepatectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Lamata, P.; Lamata, F.; Sojar, V.; Makowski, P.; Massoptier, L.; Casciaro, S.; Ali, W.; Stüdeli, T.; Declerck, J.; Elle, O.J.; Edwin, B.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The objective of this work is to evaluate a new concept of intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) visualization system to support hepatectomy. The Resection Map aims to provide accurate cartography for surgeons, who can therefore anticipate risks, increase their confidence and achieve safer liver resection.METHODS: In an experimental prospective cohort study, ten consecutive patients admitted for hepatectomy to three European hospitals were selected. Liver structures (portal veins,...

  8. GIS Based Interactive Ecotourism and Environmental Information System in Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Cekule, M; Čabs, K; Junkurs, A

    2006-01-01

    Internet is one of the most democratic and objective information technologies, but precise spatial characteristics of a certain territory can be shown on the map. Data geolocalization and digital cartography is developed in the Internet environment, and it is the most suitable and universal communication tool, which can well substitute the textual information. The main aims of this research are:  evaluation of existing and potencial natural basement territories in Latvia accordi...

  9. Use of an artificial neural network for analysis of the susceptibility to landslides : application to a sample area located at South of Coimbra (Central Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Dimuccio, Luca; Ferreira, Rui; Cunha, Lúcio

    2006-01-01

    After a first work on the cartography of natural risks through the use of GIS tools, that two of the authors had published in the magazine Territory n. 9 (2002), we intend now to develop a methodology to assessment landslide susceptibility based on the use of a Artificial Neural Network applied to the same study area (South of Coimbra – Central of Portugal). As the basic analysis tool, a Geographic Information System (SIG) was used for spatial data management and manipulation. Landslide locat...

  10. List of Reviewers in 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Dražen Tutić

    2013-01-01

    We would like to express our gratitude to the reviewers for the helpful comments and guidance which resuted in greater quality of the scientific and professional articles published in 2013, No. 19 and No. 20. We give alphabetical list of their names. Prof. Dr. Eng. Temenoujka Bandrova, University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy of Sofia, Faculty of Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, Bulgaria Prof. Dr.Zoran Curić, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science, Departmen...

  11. Apunts de Cartografia II

    OpenAIRE

    Membrado Tena, Joan Carles

    2013-01-01

    Aquest material docent ha rebut l’ajut del Servei de Política Lingüística de la Universitat de València Guia de l'assignatura Cartografia II per a alumnes de segon de grau de Geografia. Apunts sobre cartografia històrica i temàtica. Exercicis per a l'assignatura. Guide of the course "Cartography II" for second grade students.Notes on historical and thematic mapping. Exercises for the course.

  12. PROSPECTING EXPLORATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>20140575Hu Weiyang(Institute of Surveying and Mapping of Geology and Mineral Resources of Jilin Province,Changchun 130062,China)Map-Making and Study of Three-Dimensional City Map(Jilin Geology,ISSN1001-2427,CN22-1099/P,32(1),2013,p.140-142,145,1illus.,3refs.)Key words:digital cartography With the rapid development of computer technology and mapping technology,threedimensional map of the electronic map gradu-

  13. State Spatiality and Identity Formation in Postwar Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas Fix

    2015-01-01

    Bi-yu Chang, Place, Identity and National Imagination in Postwar Taiwan. New York: Routledge, 2015. 260 pp. $145 (cloth). In her new book, Place, Identity and National Imagination in Postwar Taiwan, Chang Bi-yu argues that, despite this avalanche of publications and websites devoted to Taiwan’s (historical) geography and cartography, few publications have offered a comprehensive and detailed analysis of Taiwan’s spatiality, in particular the representations and spatial discourse of nation...

  14. Interest of the PET-T.D.M. with 18F-F.D.G. in the management of a tuberculosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to evaluate the interest of the PET-T.D.M. with 18F-F.D.G. in the diagnosis and the coverage of an abdomen ganglion tuberculosis. Conclusions: Through the presented case, the PET-T.D.M. with 18F-F.D.G. seems to be well adapted to determine the lesion cartography of the seronegative tuberculosis, the targeting of biopsies and the efficiency of the therapy evaluation. (N.C.)

  15. Analysis of Slovenska Bistrica Municipality and its Needs based on Topographic Documents

    OpenAIRE

    Skrbinšek, Bogdan

    2006-01-01

    In the thesis needs of Slovenska Bistrica municipality and its competent departments based on cartographic documents are analyzed. A survey and an examination of available information from State Geodetic Service have been carried out with the emphasis on cartography for the wider municipality area. On the basis of both a proposal was made according to the most suitable cartographic data for particular purposes. In addition, an international project called Cross Border Region Go...

  16. Geography and the Paris Academy of Sciences: politics and patronage in early 18th-century France

    OpenAIRE

    Heffernan, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This essay considers the politics and patronage of geography in early-modern France. It examines how the Paris Academy of Sciences, widely acknowledged as the 18th century’s pre-eminent scientific society, came to recognise geography as an independent science in 1730, a century before the establishment of the first geographical societies. Although the Academy was centrally concerned with cartography from its inception in 1666, it initially afforded no official status to geography, which was v...

  17. Prospective areas of the Valle Rio Santa Lucia sanstones (preliminar study)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work was presented, in the second phase of sands prospecting for construction program.This project have been as purpose, to assure the supply of Montevideo with this long term material. The study was carried out in framework of the project of Geologic Collaboration Uruguayan-German. A detail cartography was made in an area of 435 km2 in the low course of the River Santa Lucia (from 20 to 50 km West of Montevideo).

  18. Sur l'utilité de la carte en proportions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle DEBEER

    1996-03-01

    Full Text Available Seule la carte en proportions révèle des répartitions de masses. Cette règle élémentaire de cartographie est rappelée ici par un exemple opérationnel: la répartition spatiale des logements chauffés à l'énergie solaire en Belgique.

  19. Application of GIS from the multifunctionality aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Mirko A. Borisov; Radoje D. Banković

    2011-01-01

    Application of computer technology in the Earth science has led to the creation and development of new scientific disciplines, particularly digital cartography and GIS. This paper describes the application of GIS from several points of view such as: multi-scale, multi-thematic, multi-viewing, accommodation to standard software platforms and multi-user data accesses. Introduction The premise of a successful usage of topographic data nowadays implies their disposal in a digital form and organis...

  20. Validation of six years of SCIAMACHY carbon monoxide observations using MOZAIC CO profile measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Laat, A.T.J. de; R. Dijkstra; H. Schrijver; Nédélec, P.; Aben, I.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a validation study of SCanning Imaging Absorption SpectroMeter for Atmospheric CartograpHY (SCIAMACHY) carbon monoxide (CO) total column measurements from the Iterative Maximum Likelihood Method (IMLM) algorithm using vertically integrated profile aircraft measurements obtained within the MOZAIC project for the six year time period of 2003–2008.

    Overall we find a good agreement between SCIAMACHY and airborne measurements for both mean values &ndash...

  1. MATHEMATICAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>20122753 Gao Yanfang ( China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China );Wang Huiqiang The Methods of Mapgis Applied in Regional Geophysical and Geochemical Planning ( Computing Techniques for Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration,ISSN1001-1749,CN51-1242 / P,33 ( 6 ), 2011,p.677-681,5illus.,1table,10refs. ) Key words:geographic information system,digital cartography Using of combining MapGIS with VB and PivotTable of Excel is given in this paper.

  2. GENERAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>20132163 Chen Jianping(School of Earth Sciences and Resources,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China);Wang Xiang Compilation of the Lunar Geotectonic Outline Map Based on Multisource Data:A Case Study of LQ-4 Area(Earth Science Frontiers,ISSN1005-2321,CN11-3370/P,19(6),2012,p.1-14,6illus.,5tables,25refs.)Key words:Moon,tectonic units,digital cartography

  3. Du SIG à l'Atlas infographique de Quito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry R. GODARD

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available L'article décrit l’enchaînement logique des processus ayant permis la réalisation de l'Atlas infographique de Quito, depuis l’acquisition des équipements informatiques jusqu’à la livraison des films prêts à être imprimés, en insistant tout particulièrement sur le traitement et la cartographie des données.

  4. Emilio Sereni e la cartografia. Un incontro mancato?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Rossi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The originality of Emilio Sereni's new use of pictorial images in his most known work, have drawn the attention of many scholars. Regardless of positive or negative opinions, an underestimated evaluation of the countless types of sources used by the author for his argumentation about italian rural landscapes, has occurred. In particular, this work analyses the approach of Sereni towards historic and thematic cartography.

  5. Surface solar irradiance from SCIAMACHY measurements: algorithm and validation

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, P.; P. Stammes; Mueller, R.

    2011-01-01

    Broadband surface solar irradiances (SSI) are, for the first time, derived from SCIAMACHY (SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CartograpHY) satellite measurements. The retrieval algorithm, called FRESCO (Fast REtrieval Scheme for Clouds from Oxygen A band) SSI, is similar to the Heliosat method. In contrast to the standard Heliosat method, the cloud index is replaced by the effective cloud fraction derived from the FRESCO cloud algorithm. The MAGIC (Mesoscale Atmospheric ...

  6. Design and implementation of an automated workflow to provide a zoomable web mapping application using artistic styles

    OpenAIRE

    Hartl, Maximilian

    2015-01-01

    Although proprietary and free web map applications have become an important part of daily life, individual map styling has been neglected for a fairly long time. With the latest possibilities of custom adjustment provided by many services and some interesting artistic experiments, this is about to change. In the context of artistic cartography and custom map styling, this work explores the possibilities of employing an automated process for the generation of WMTS compatible map tiles with an ...

  7. Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas

    OpenAIRE

    Unit 54, CC in GIS; Cowen, David; Ferguson, Warren

    1990-01-01

    This unit begins a six-part section that reviews the spectrum of different applications of GIS. It characterizes the core groups of GIS activity in terms of three categories: (1) mature technologies that interact with GIS sharing its technology and creating data for it; (2) management and decision-making groups; and (3) science and research activities at universities and government labs. This unit focuses on the first category, exploring GIS applications in cartography, surveying and engineer...

  8. Abstracts: Geomatics in the era of RADARSAT; Abstracts: Geomatics in the era of RADARSAT/Recueil des resumes: La geomatique a l`ere de RADARSAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    Abstracts of papers presented at this international conference on geomatics are contained in this volume. There are a total of 418 papers, of which 53 are in French. Several others have abstracts in English and French. The papers cover most of the subjects of interest to the geomatics community, i.e. land surveying, photogrammetry, cartography, engineering surveying, remote sensing, geodetic surveying, hydrography, geophysical surveying, geographic information systems and space information management, with special reference to data acquisition by satellite imagery.

  9. SURVEYING A LANDSLIDE IN A ROAD EMBANKMENT USING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE PHOTOGRAMMETRY

    OpenAIRE

    F. Carvajal; Agüera, F.; Pérez, M

    2012-01-01

    Most of the works of civil engineering, and some others applications, need to be designed using a basic cartography with a suitable scale to the accuracy and extension of the plot.The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Photogrammetry covers the gap between classical manned aerial photogrammetry and hand- made surveying techniques because it works in the close-range domain, combining aerial and terrestrial photogrammetry, but also introduces low-cost alternatives. The aim of this work is developing...

  10. Flow mapping by PIV in microstructures with three-dimensional flow behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, C.; Klank, Henning; Kutter, Jörg Peter

    Résumé - Cartographie d'écoulements tri-dimensionels dans des microstructures (par méthodologie PlV) La validation d'un écoulement dans des microstructures est importante de façon à effectuer des tests rapides et efficaces avant la mise en fabrication du micro équipement et ainsi d'épargner de co...

  11. (Recovering) China’s Urban Rivers as Public Space

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly Shannon; Chen Yiyong

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on the revered role rivers in China once held – in cartography, history, mythology, festivals, cities, and everyday life. It reviews and summarizes ‘hydraulic civilization’, taking cognizance of feng shui as it does so. Four historical cases testify to the fact that China’s great cities were founded on riverbanks and developed in tandem with floodplain dynamics.Over time, a tension developed between the civilizing force of the city and water’s natural energy. Industrializ...

  12. Možnosti a limity použití afinní transformace pro georeferencování

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soukup, Lubomír

    Zdiby : VÚGTK, 2006 - (Talich, M.), s. 1-10 ISBN 80-85881-25-X. - (Research Ins. of Geodesy, Topography and Cartography. GEOS). [Mezinárodní veletrh geodézie, kartografie, navigace a geoinformatiky GEOS 2006 /1./. Praha (CZ), 16.03.2006-18.03.2006] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : georeferencing * affine transformation * probability theory Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  13. For the France evolution of the Government role in the definition and the implementing of an energy policy; Pour la France: evolution du role de l'Etat dans la definition et la mise en oeuvre d'une politique de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-15

    The working group aims to realize a cartography of the State intervention in the energy policy, to evaluate its organization and its tools facing the today challenges and to identify propositions axis. The first part is devoted to the energy model in the new landscape of the energy. The second part deals with the redefinition of the Government competences and missions, as the last part defines the long term management. (A.L.B.)

  14. Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps

    CERN Document Server

    Carr, Daniel B

    2010-01-01

    After more than 15 years of development drawing on research in cognitive psychology, statistical graphics, computer science, and cartography, micromap designs are becoming part of mainstream statistical visualizations. Bringing together the research of two leaders in this field, "Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps" presents the many design variations and applications of micromaps, which link statistical information to an organized set of small maps. This full-color book helps readers simultaneously explore the statistical and geographic patterns in their data. After illustratin

  15. La micro-región: espacio y tiempo en la cartografía producida por la interacción jesuítico-guaraní

    OpenAIRE

    Levinton, Norberto

    2010-01-01

    The cultural interaction between the Jesuits and the Guarani Indians appears silently in many of the practices realized in the missionary villages. In some topics a relative adjustment of the priests is visualized like being an Indian custom and in others, is a possible to interpret a process indigenous to reintepretation of their own customs previous to the contact. Regarding the cartography related to the process of configuration of the microregions corresponding to every accession, is a sa...

  16. SPATIAL DATA WEB SERVICES PRICING MODEL INFRASTRUCTURE

    OpenAIRE

    L. Ozmus; B. Erkek; Colak, S.; I. Cankurt; S. Bakıcı

    2013-01-01

    The General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (TKGM) which is the leader in the field of cartography largely continues its missions which are; to keep and update land registry and cadastre system of the country under the responsibility of the treasure, to perform transactions related to real estate and to establish Turkish national spatial information system. TKGM a public agency has completed many projects. Such as; Continuously Operating GPS Reference Stations (TUSAGA-Aktif...

  17. Distribution spatiale du mésozooplancton en Manche orientale et au sud de la Mer du Nord en relation avec les paramètres hydrobiologiques durant l'hiver 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Delegrange, Alice

    2011-01-01

    This study was aimed to develop an image analysis procedure using ZooScan an dits dedicated softwares for routine treatment of mesozooplankton samples from winter IBTS (International Bottom Trawl Survey) and use this procedure in order to identify, characterize and cartography mesozooplanctonic communities range in eastern English Channel and in the southern North Sea. The learning set obtained with the threatment of samples from winter 2008 allows a good autimatical recognition (above 85%) f...

  18. 我国省级空间数据库的一种构建方案%A Construction Schema for Provincial Spatial Database of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳东; 龚健雅

    2009-01-01

    In order to provide a provincial spatial database, this paper presents a scheme for spatial database construction to meet the needs of China. The objective and overall technical route of spatial database construction are described. The logical and physical database models are designed. Key issues are addressed, such as integration of multi-scale heterogeneous spatial databases, spatial data version management based on metadata and integrative management of map cartography and spatial database.

  19. CODE repro2 product series for the IGS

    OpenAIRE

    Steigenberger, Peter; Lutz, Simon; Dach, Rolf; Schaer, Stefan; Jäggi, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    CODE, the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe, is a joint venture of the following four institutions: • Astronomical Institute, University of Bern (AIUB), Bern, Switzerland • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo, Wabern, Switzerland • Federal Agency of Cartography and Geodesy (BKG), Frankfurt a. M., Germany • Institut für Astronomische und Physikalische Geodäsie, Technische Universität München (IAPG, TUM), Munich, Germany It acts as a global analysis center of the Intern...

  20. Reinventing European identity: globalization, glocalization and the new politics of borderlands

    OpenAIRE

    Iulia Anghel

    2014-01-01

    This research proposal intends to analyze the process of reconstructing the European identity through the intervention of a set of key factors such as the globalization process and its subsidiary effect, the glocalization response. The new politics of borderlands is strongly marked by the presence of a dual phenomenon. The reconfiguration of the European cartography was conditioned by the presence of multiple identities and alternative societal models. In this context, the study is build arou...

  1. Queer Pedagogies Out of Place and Time: Redrawing the Boundaries of Youth, Sexual and Gender Difference, and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Daniel

    2016-03-01

    For this contribution to the "Cartographies" section of the special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," the author focuses on the concept of spatialized time as made material in the location of historical places, in particular as it relates to a reconsideration of approaches to Australian queer/LGBT youth education. Accordingly, the author employs historical maps as illustrative examples of spatialized time, reflecting on the relationships between historical knowledge and queer youth education. PMID:26766505

  2. La defensa y consolidación de las fronteras en el Septentrión novohispano: Geografía y desarrollos cartográficos (1759-1788)

    OpenAIRE

    Porro, Jesús María

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with the situation along the Northern boundary of New Spain under Charles III, focusing on the features referred to its exploration, defence and consolidation. Cartography developments of that period are considered especially important and therefore we study the most meaningful maps related to that territory, and at the same time we use sources from archives and bibliography in a complementary way. On that basis we reason about the boundary strengthening, the restraint of the...

  3. Map visualization in ArcGIS, QGIS and MapInfo

    OpenAIRE

    Österman, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Mapproduction, also called cartography, is one of the processes of visualrepresentation of reality. This practice has for a long time been of hugeinterest to humanity and was initially a handcraft[2]. Today most maps areproduced with the help of computers and are often the last step of a GISanalysis – the way the result is presented. This makes knowledge of mapproduction important and relevant when working with different GIS analysis. Thereare several GIS programs on the market, both free and...

  4. Multiple Representations: A Bibliography (89-11)

    OpenAIRE

    Buttenfield, Barbara P.; DeLotto, Joseph S.; McKinney, James editors

    1989-01-01

    This bibliography has been generated as part of the research effort of NCGIA research Initiative 3, "Multiple Representations".  Incorporated here are citations from journal articles, monographs and books, and technical reports on research in several disciplines, including computer science, cartography, and spatial modeling. The common thread is the exploration of methods by which to generate and utilize a single detailed database to produce and analyze graphical representations at m...

  5. Interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the management of a tuberculosis; Interet de la TEP-TDM au 18F-FDG dans la prise en charge d'une tuberculose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Sellem, D.; Hubele, F.; Imperiale, A.; Constantinesco, A. [Service de medecine nucleaire, hopital Hautepierre, Strasbourg, (France); Lefebvre, N.; Hansmann, Y. [service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales, NHC, Strasbourg, (France)

    2009-05-15

    The objective was to evaluate the interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the diagnosis and the coverage of an abdomen ganglion tuberculosis. Conclusions: Through the presented case, the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. seems to be well adapted to determine the lesion cartography of the seronegative tuberculosis, the targeting of biopsies and the efficiency of the therapy evaluation. (N.C.)

  6. SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (SAR) BASED CLASSIFIERS FOR LAND APPLICATIONS IN GERMANY

    OpenAIRE

    Suresh, G.; Gehrke, R.; T. Wiatr; Hovenbitzer, M.

    2016-01-01

    Land cover information is essential for urban planning and for land cover change monitoring. This paper presents an overview of the work conducted at the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) with respect to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) based land cover classification. Two land cover classification approaches using SAR images are reported in this paper. The first method involves a rule-based classification using only SAR backscatter intensity while the other method involves super...

  7. Rural waste generation : a geographical survey at local scale

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai, Florin-Constantin; Oiste, Ana-Maria; Chelaru, Dan-Adrian

    2014-01-01

    "The paper examines the per capita waste generation rates from from rural areas of Neamț County (Romania) using thematic cartography. Geographical approach of this issue is difficult because the lack of a geostatistic database at commune scale. Spatial analysis of waste indicators reveals several disparities between localities. Comparability of data between communes located in various geographical conditions must be carrefully made according to local waste management systems. Several dysfunct...

  8. SGUDS - Annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the State Geological Institute of Dionyz Stur (SGUDS) in 2005 year is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: Introduction; Organization scheme; Division of Geology; Workshops and conferences; Geofond; Geoanalytical laboratories; Electron microanalysis; Department of Cartography/GIS; Isotope Geology; Department of Informatics RC Spisska Nova Ves; Publishing activity; International co-operation; Marketing and propagation; SGUDS Budget.

  9. The Role of the Map in a Crisis Management Environment: Applying the Theory of Cartographic Communication and Visualization

    OpenAIRE

    Kuvedžić Divjak, Ana; Lapaine, Miljenko

    2014-01-01

    Recent crisis situations have revealed various insufficiencies in existing technologies and policies for effective crisis management. In the field of cartography, these have highlighted the lack of guidelines, standards and symbols to design maps specially adapted for communication in crisis management – particularly from the cartographer’s perspective. Our intent here is to examine the concept and value of cartographic communication model in the specific environment of crisis management. Bas...

  10. Which renewable energy for tomorrow?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes and discusses the perspectives of evolution and innovation for three great issues related to renewable energies. The first one is waste methanization, and the report addresses the following topics: practice in France, characterization of organic wastes, quick prediction of the potential associated with solid wastes, integration of methanization within an existing sector, local implantation of methanization, towards the methanization of sewage sludges, for a better management of digestates, the issue of renewability of our wastes, the optimization of microbial processes of waste degradation, analysis of methanization life cycle). The second issue is the use of wood as energy source: quantities, cartography of forest biomass by remote sensing, cartography of exploitability in mountain forests, organisation of a wood-energy supply, cartography of clear cuts, impacts of wood crops on insects, producing more wood while better preserving biodiversity, wood-energy governance. Thirdly, the report addresses issues of energy savings and impacts: energy optimization for agricultural machinery, relationship between irrigation and energy saving, energy saving by energy storage, nebulisation applied to refrigeration equipment, high thermal inertia applied to domestic refrigerators, works and downstream migration of eel, dam hydraulic management and fish population dynamics, reduction of environmental print at work

  11. Aerial gamma mapping system for characterizing the impact of radioactive deposition on the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Commissariat a l'energie atomique has developed an aerial system of gamma cartography called HELINUC. This system makes it possible to establish, within a few hours, a map of radioactivity for areas (several dozens to several hundreds of hectares) by identifying the radioelements present, in a range from the level of natural radioactivity to that of man-made radioactivity resulting from a large scale accident. HELINUC has been operational for about ten years and is part of the French intervention system in the event of a civil or military nuclear accident. The HELINUC system is mounted on a light helicopter (equipped with a NaI detector) and is linked to ground based equipment. HELINUC has been used at the request of the Marine Environment Laboratory (IAEA-MEL), Monaco, to estimate the radioactivity of nine industrial or nuclear sites between Budapest and the Black Sea, as well as that of a stretch of 2000 km of the river banks of the Danube. The paper presents a few main results of this measurement campaign (carried out in early 1992), particularly those concerning the Paks nuclear power station in Hungary. The cartography of the Turnu Severin site (Romania) was a good demonstration of the method; the maps obtained showed the presence of spots of 137Cs from the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Use of three-dimensional digitized maps in support of isoactivity maps improves the readability of the maps and increases the quantity of available information. Furthermore, this mapping method is applicable to environmental monitoring for the purpose of surveillance of industrial and agricultural pollution. The results obtained with the HELINUC system during the different measurement campaigns have shown that the aerial gamma cartography method is a rapid, powerful and efficient technique for measuring and controlling the radioactivity in the environment of industrial or nuclear sites. (author). 6 refs

  12. Image analysis from surface scanning with an absolute eddy current coil; Analyse d`images obtenues par balayage de surface avec un capteur ponctuel courants de Foucault

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Attaoui, P.

    1994-10-19

    The aim of this work is to implement processing and analysis tools applied to eddy current imaging. These cartographies are issued from steam generator tubes testing using an absolute coil. The first is to eliminate the perturbations due to probe lift-off changes which generate low frequency oscillations on the image. The principle of the processing is to rebuild a complete surface of the noise using only the points around the defect area. The geometric origin of these perturbations led to a model based on sinusoidal functions. The method consists of gradually decomposing the image into a sum of basic sinusoidal surfaces. In order to take into account all kind of cartographies (especially rolling zone) some preprocessing must be applied. The results obtained with this `cartography flattening`are satisfactory and the phase of analysis could begin with good condition of signal ratio. The second part of this work dealt with the choice and the perfection of image processing tools which would fit the most with the defect characterization. The aim of this characterization is to give the orientation and main size of the detected defect. A morphological skeleton representation has been chosen to illustrate the defect architecture and to allow sizing. A set of tools has been elaborated to obtain an (automatic) processing according to threshold. The results for single defect are satisfactory since the sizing error is around {+-} 25% and orientation is nearly always correctly given. The processing for area with several defects is more complex and new complementary research directions are proposed. (author).

  13. 地图可视化与地图学概念的相关性研究%Relativity Research of Map Visualization and Cartographic Concepts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟业勋; 朱重光; 童新华; 韦清螈

    2012-01-01

    地图是人们获取地学空信息的中介和桥梁.地图信息以视觉传输为主要传输方式,故可视化是地图学的核心.本文在论述地图可视化必须满足的基本条件的基础上,对地图比例尺、地图内容的有限性、地图概括及其相关概念的派生、地图色彩的运用、地图符号性质与地图比例尺的相关性、相似现象的普遍存在与它空间认识中的意义、制图资料的处理、计算机制图中的质量监控、地图制印中样图的作用等,分别进行了论述、从而解释了可视化是地图学的核心问题.%Maps are the medium and bridge by which people can gain geo-spatial information. Map information is mainly transferred through visual communication, so visualization is the core of cartographies. This paper, on base of the basic conditions of map visualization, expounds the map scale, limited map content, derive of map generalization and its relational concepts, utilization of map color, relativity of map symbol quality and map scale, universal existence of resemble phenomenon and its meaning in spatial cognition, processing of cartographic document, quality control in computer cartography, affect of proof in map platemaking and printing, etc. so as to illustrate that visualization is the core of cartographies.

  14. Integration of LIDAR Data Into a Municipal GIS to Study Solar Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Africani, P.; Bitelli, G.; Lambertini, A.; Minghetti, A.; Paselli, E.

    2013-04-01

    Identifying the right roofs to install solar panels inside a urban area is crucial for both private citizens and the whole local population. The aim is not easy because a lot of consideration must be made: insolation, orientation of the surface, size of the surface, shading due to topography, shading due to taller buildings next the surface, shading due to taller vegetation and other possible problems typical of urban areas like the presence of chimneys. Accuracy of data related to the analyzed surfaces is indeed fundamental, and also the detail of geometric models used to represent buildings and their roofs. The complexity that these roofs can reach is elevated. This work uses LiDAR data to obtain, with a semi-automatic technique, the full geometry of each roof part complementing the pre-existing building data in the municipal cartography. With this data is possible to evaluate the placement of solar panels on roofs of a whole city analyzing the solar potential of each building in detail. Other traditional techniques, like photogrammetry, need strong manual editing effort in order to identify slopes and insert vector on surfaces at the right height. Regarding LiDAR data, in order to perform accurate modelling, it is necessary to obtain an high density point cloud. The method proposed can also be used as a fast and linear workflow process for an area where LiDAR data are available and a municipal cartography already exist: LiDAR data can be furthermore successfully used to cross-check errors in pre-existent digital cartography that can remain otherwise hidden.

  15. Image analysis from surface scanning with an absolute eddy current coil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this work is to implement processing and analysis tools applied to eddy current imaging. These cartographies are issued from steam generator tubes testing using an absolute coil. The first is to eliminate the perturbations due to probe lift-off changes which generate low frequency oscillations on the image. The principle of the processing is to rebuild a complete surface of the noise using only the points around the defect area. The geometric origin of these perturbations led to a model based on sinusoidal functions. The method consists of gradually decomposing the image into a sum of basic sinusoidal surfaces. In order to take into account all kind of cartographies (especially rolling zone) some preprocessing must be applied. The results obtained with this 'cartography flattening'are satisfactory and the phase of analysis could begin with good condition of signal ratio. The second part of this work dealt with the choice and the perfection of image processing tools which would fit the most with the defect characterization. The aim of this characterization is to give the orientation and main size of the detected defect. A morphological skeleton representation has been chosen to illustrate the defect architecture and to allow sizing. A set of tools has been elaborated to obtain an (automatic) processing according to threshold. The results for single defect are satisfactory since the sizing error is around ± 25% and orientation is nearly always correctly given. The processing for area with several defects is more complex and new complementary research directions are proposed. (author)

  16. Esquisse d'une économie politique des affects

    OpenAIRE

    Citton, Yves

    2008-01-01

    Comment concevoir l'économie politique des affects qui régit nos sociétés d'abondance, à l'intersection de la neurobiologie, de la psychologie, de la psychanalyse, de la sociologie, de la médiologie, du marketing, des " relations publiques " et de l'activisme politique ? Comment en faire autre chose qu'une référence utile, mais assez vide, d'un certain discours philosophique contemporain ? Sur quelles bases esquisser une cartographie générale des dynamiques et des conditionnements censés rele...

  17. Identifying environmental features for land management decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    The benefits of changes in management organization and facilities for the Center for Remote Sensing and Cartography in Utah are reported as well as interactions with and outreach to state and local agencies. Completed projects are described which studied (1) Unita Basin wetland/land use; (2) Davis County foothill development; (3) Farmington Bay shoreline fluctuation; (4) irrigation detection; and (5) satellite investigation of snow cover/mule deer relationships. Techniques developed for composite computer mapping, contrast enhancement, U-2 CIR/LANDSAT digital interface; factor analysis, and multivariate statistical analysis are described.

  18. Elastic Conformal Transformation of Digital Images

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soukup, Lubomír; Havrlant, Jan; Böhm, Ondřej; Talich, Milan

    Rome: International Federation of Surveyors, 2012, 5765-1-5765-10. ISBN 978-87-90907-98-3. [FIG Working Week 2012. Rome (IT), 06.05. 2012-10.05.2012] R&D Projects: GA MPO(CZ) FR-TI4/436 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : Cartography * Geoinformation * Engineering survey * Cadastre * Image Processing Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/ZOI/soukup-elastic conformal transformation of digital images.pdf

  19. SLAM contraint en environnement de grande taille

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadasan, Datta; Chevaldonné, Marc; Chateau, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    National audience Ce papier présente un algorithme de localisation et cartographie simultanée (ou SLAM pour Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) utilisant des contraintes issues d'un modèle d'environnement, on parle alors de SLAM contraint. L'objectif est d'utiliser un modèle 3D épars de grande taille issu d'une reconstruction de type SFM (Structure From Motion) afin d'estimer le mouvement de la caméra relativement au modèle, même lorsque ce dernier est peu ou pas observé. Il est nécesai...

  20. Graphic Design: History in the Writing 1983-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Thorel, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Catalogue d’une imposante exposition co-organisée par le Walker Art Center de Minneapolis, et le National Design Museum Cooper-Hewitt de New York, Graphic Design : Now in Production ambitionne de cartographier les territoires du design graphique contemporain dans son acception la plus large possible. Identité visuelle, magazines, posters, typographie, webdesign ou génériques de film sont abordés dans cet ouvrage particulièrement dense. Des planches illustrées, agrémentées de commentaires, ren...