WorldWideScience

Sample records for cartography

  1. Subverting cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    2011-01-01

    It is increasingly recognised that cartography is a contested practice, embedded within particular sets of power relations, and that maps are bound up with the production and reproduction of social life. The author begins by emphasising the importance of these issues for considering how the city ...

  2. Visualization in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    MacEachren, AM

    1994-01-01

    Visualization in Modern Cartography explores links between the centuries-old discipline of cartography and today's revolutionary developments in scientific visualization. The book has three main goals: (1) to pass on design and symbolization expertise to the scientific visualization community - information that comes from centuries of pre-computer visualization by cartographers, and their more recent experiences with computerizing the discipline; (2) to help cartographers cope with the dramatic shift from print cartography to a dynamic virtual cartography for which their role is changing from

  3. Methodological concepts of cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikonović Vesna

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Cartography is a science, technique and art. Cartography is organization and communication of geographical connected information in graphical and digital forms. That can include all conditions of data prepared for presentation and usage. Cartography in the cotemporary society is a system of diverse manifestation forms dominated by making and using traditional and virtual cartosemiotic models of reality and fiction. Cartography is dynamic science, which developing its disciplines according to demands of modern theory and needs of practical sciences, often tacking and overlaying with their researching fields. On that way there are becoming new disciplines (bridges between sciences, which not leading to new differentiations but their integrations. That new disciplines are: Cartoinformatics (geoinformation cartography, Geoicons and Geoimage.

  4. Cartography of architectural controversies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lotz, Katrine

    2009-01-01

    that employing the visualising methods of the recent development of Actor-Network-Theory called ‘Cartography of Controversies' might contribute to trans-disciplinary efforts to develop analytic understanding of the conflicting human purposes and power-struggles at stake in the be-coming of architecture....

  5. Small - Display Cartography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Flemming; Hvas, Anders; Münster-Swendsen, Jørgen

    This report comprises the work carried out in the work-package of small display cartography. The work-package has aimed at creating a general framework for the small-display cartography. A solid framework facilitates an increased use of spatial data in mobile devices - thus enabling, together...... with the rapidly evolving positioning techniques, a new category of position-dependent, map-based services to be introduced. The report consists of the following parts: Part I: Categorization of handheld devices, Part II: Cartographic design for small-display devices, Part III: Study on the GiMoDig Client ? Portal...... Appendix E consisting of confidential material and Appendix F with examples.   The work has resulted in a small device categorisation, a cartographic design specification for a small-display device for a specified navigation task as well as a comparison between OpenLS and an in house developed protocol...

  6. Two books History of Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Husak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two valuable books were published under the title History of Cartography in the group Lecture Notes and the subgroup Publications of the International Cartographic Association. The books were published as a result of collaboration between International Cartographic Association (ICA and the Springer-Verlag publishing company and contain most papers from the following symposia:3rd International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography at University of Texas in Arlington, October 11–12, (URL 1 with the theme Charting the Cartography of Chartered Companies and4th International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary, June 28–29, 2012 (URL 2 with the theme Exploration – Discovery – Cartography.

  7. Cerebral cartography and connectomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sporns, Olaf

    2015-05-19

    Cerebral cartography and connectomics pursue similar goals in attempting to create maps that can inform our understanding of the structural and functional organization of the cortex. Connectome maps explicitly aim at representing the brain as a complex network, a collection of nodes and their interconnecting edges. This article reflects on some of the challenges that currently arise in the intersection of cerebral cartography and connectomics. Principal challenges concern the temporal dynamics of functional brain connectivity, the definition of areal parcellations and their hierarchical organization into large-scale networks, the extension of whole-brain connectivity to cellular-scale networks, and the mapping of structure/function relations in empirical recordings and computational models. Successfully addressing these challenges will require extensions of methods and tools from network science to the mapping and analysis of human brain connectivity data. The emerging view that the brain is more than a collection of areas, but is fundamentally operating as a complex networked system, will continue to drive the creation of ever more detailed and multi-modal network maps as tools for on-going exploration and discovery in human connectomics.

  8. Devoir. De la cartographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L’instituteur adjoint de Roquemaure

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce devoir de cartographie, conservé aux Archives du Gard (1 T 744, a été écrit en 1888 par l’instituteur-adjoint de Roquemaure, afin d’être présenté lors de la conférence pédagogique relative à l’enseignement de la géographie. Novateur en son temps, il s’oppose à la méthode généralisée de la copie des images que proposait le géographe et inspecteur général P. Foncin. Les élèves, s’ils sont initiés aux règles essentielles de la cartographie telle qu’elle est conçue à l’époque, n’ont cependant qu’une vision éclatée de la France: l’unité de base, dans la lignée de Buache, est le bassin. Le texte original a été reproduit avec ses erreurs et ses fautes d’orthographe.

  9. Dvije knjige History of Cartography

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Zahvaljujući suradnji International Cartographic Association (ICA) i izdavačke kuće Springer-Verlag u skupini Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography i podskupini Publications of the International Cartographic Association objavljene su dvije vrijedne knjige pod naslovom History of Cartography koje sadrže većinu radova sa simpozija: 3rd International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography na University of Texas u Arlingtonu, 11–12. listopada 2010. (URL 1) s o...

  10. Cartographies of Erasure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Lúcio Dias Soares

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The rupture between the thought of nature as physis and human thought leads to suffering and confusion for man in the fields of subjectivity. An affirmative relationship with becoming, in accordance with the proposal of Nietzsche's concept of dionysian wisdom, might lead man once again to the path of tragic life - one that produces strength by asserting pain and difference – thus surpassing the false opposition man/nature. Inspired by Nietzsche, Deleuze and Guattari propose fighting against the fascism of the socius, the State, of capitalism and all the dominant discourses of established knowledge and established power that capture body and its will. An instrument for such struggle is the production of counterfascist erasures on the encodings of power. The question of how to produce bodies without organs as a way to escape the organic structure of the socius is made possible by the power of sensation to erase and rediagram the cartographies of subjectivity.

  11. Two books History of Cartography

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Two valuable books were published under the title History of Cartography in the group Lecture Notes and the subgroup Publications of the International Cartographic Association. The books were published as a result of collaboration between International Cartographic Association (ICA) and the Springer-Verlag publishing company and contain most papers from the following symposia:3rd International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography at University of Texas in Arlington, O...

  12. Cartography past, present and future

    CERN Document Server

    Rhind, DW

    2013-01-01

    Making maps dates back at least four thousand years and it is widely recognised that many maps are of great historical value and present a skilled method of summarising the real world on a sheet of paper. Less well known is the judgement involved in the selection and simplification of features, the complex transformation of space and the exacting standards which are needed in cartography. This book is primarily a tribute to Professor F.J. Ormeling, former President and Secretary/Treasurer of the ICA and gives a wide ranging review of the current status of cartography, how this status was atta

  13. Thematic cartography, cartography and the impact of the quantitative revolution

    CERN Document Server

    Cauvin, Colette; Serradj, Aziz

    2013-01-01

    This series in three volumes considers maps as constructions resulting from a number of successive transformations and stages integrated in a logical reasoning and an order of choices. Volume 2 focuses on the impact of the quantitative revolution, partially related to the advent of the computer age, on thematic cartography.

  14. Disruptive Cartography in Academic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Beverley; Graniero, Phil A.

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on cartography, urban design and visual data modelling, we consider how people navigate, or fail to navigate, the mental, physical and social spaces of knowledge communities. Cartographically inspired critical thinking offers opportunities to re-examine the assumptions and formal maps of post-secondary institutions, visualizing…

  15. Concepts and applications for influenza antigenic cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Zhipeng; Zhang, Tong; Wan, Xiu-Feng

    2011-01-01

    Influenza antigenic cartography projects influenza antigens into a two or three dimensional map based on immunological datasets, such as hemagglutination inhibition and microneutralization assays. A robust antigenic cartography can facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection since the antigenic map can simplify data interpretation through intuitive antigenic map. However, antigenic cartography construction is not trivial due to the challenging features embedded in the immunological data, such as data incompleteness, high noises, and low reactors. To overcome these challenges, we developed a computational method, temporal Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS), by adapting the low rank MC concept from the movie recommendation system in Netflix and the MDS method from geographic cartography construction. The application on H3N2 and 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A viruses demonstrates that temporal MC-MDS is effective and efficient in constructing influenza antigenic cartography. The web sever is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap. PMID:21761589

  16. Policy issues in modern cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, DRF

    1998-01-01

    Policy Issues in Modern Cartography contains the views of national mapping agencies, legal scholars, the library community, the private sector and academia on these and many other important issues. The book begins with perspectives from national mapping agencies in Britain, Canada and the United States followed by a survey of the situation in Asia. The next three chapters deal primarily with legal issues such as copyright and intellectual property from both North American and European perspectives. Chapter 8 presents an important perspective on the key issues by a representative of the privat

  17. The Evolution of Cartography Graduate Programs and the Development of New Graduate Programs in Cartography: An Assessment of Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Theodore R.

    This paper traces the historical development of cartography graduate programs, establishes an evolutionary model, and evaluates the model to determine if it has some utility today for the development of programs capable of producing highly skilled cartographers. Cartography is defined to include traditional cartography, computer cartography,…

  18. Blind Cartography for Side Channel Attacks: Cross-Correlation Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Sauvage

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Side channel and fault injection attacks are major threats to cryptographic applications of embedded systems. Best performances for these attacks are achieved by focusing sensors or injectors on the sensible parts of the application, by means of dedicated methods to localise them. Few methods have been proposed in the past, and all of them aim at pinpointing the cryptoprocessor. However it could be interesting to exploit the activity of other parts of the application, in order to increase the attack's efficiency or to bypass its countermeasures. In this paper, we present a localisation method based on cross-correlation, which issues a list of areas of interest within the attacked device. It realizes an exhaustive analysis, since it may localise any module of the device, and not only those which perform cryptographic operations. Moreover, it also does not require a preliminary knowledge about the implementation, whereas some previous cartography methods require that the attacker could choose the cryptoprocessor inputs, which is not always possible. The method is experimentally validated using observations of the electromagnetic near field distribution over a Xilinx Virtex 5 FPGA. The matching between areas of interest and the application layout in the FPGA floorplan is confirmed by correlation analysis.

  19. Cartography and Geographic Information Science in Current Contents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Cartography and Geographic Information Science (CaGIS journal was published as The American Cartographer from 1974 to 1989, after that as Cartography and Geographic Information System, and since then has been published with its current name. It is published by the Cartography and Geographic Information Society, a member of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.

  20. Star Maps History, Artistry, and Cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2012-01-01

    Star Maps captures the beauty and awe of the heavens through celestial prints and star atlases. It traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of humanity's place in the universe. The text of this Second Edition is enriched with 263 photographs, 91 in color, showing images from actual antiquarian celestial books and atlases, each one with an explanation of its astronomical and cartographic features. This new edition of Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Cartography includes: - over 50 new pages of text and 44 new images (16 in color) - completely new sections on celestial frontispieces, deep-sky objects, playing card maps, additional cartographers, and modern computerized star maps - updated figures and text about celestial globes, volvelles, telescopes, and planets and asteroids - revised and updated text and illustrations throughout. The book focuses on the development of celestial cartography from ancient to modern times and describes the relationships between ...

  1. Star maps history, artistry, and cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Kanas, Nick

    2007-01-01

    Traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of man''s place in the universe and to advances in map-making. This book features reproductions of maps from antiquarian celestial atlases and prints. It includes a legend for each illustration to explain its astronomical and cartographic features.

  2. Applications of Differential Geometry to Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benitez, Julio; Thome, Nestor

    2004-01-01

    This work introduces an application of differential geometry to cartography. The mathematical aspects of some geographical projections of Earth surface are revealed together with some of its more important properties. An important problem since the discovery of the 'spherical' form of the Earth is how to compose a reliable map of the surface of…

  3. Thematic cartography as a geographical application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drago Perko

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available A thematic map may be a geographical application (tool in itself or the basis for some other geographical work. The development of Slovene thematic cartography accelerated considerably following the independence of the country in 1991. From the viewpoint of content and technology, its greatest achievements are the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia and the National Atlas of Slovenia, which are outstanding achievements at the international level and of great significance for the promotion of Slovenia and Slovene geography and cartography. However, this rapid development has been accompanied by numerous problems, for example, the ignoring of various Slovene and international conventions for the preparation of maps including United Nations resolutions, Slovene and international (SIST ISO, and copyright laws.

  4. Drawing New Maps: A Radical Cartography of Developmental Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Phil

    1999-01-01

    Explores developmental disabilities using a post-disciplinary approach through social construction and metaphors drawn from social cartography. Considers how the cartographies drawn by special education and other human services practices provide a rationale for continued dehumanization and oppression. (Contains 178 references.) (Author/SLD)

  5. A computational framework for influenza antigenic cartography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhipeng Cai

    Full Text Available Influenza viruses have been responsible for large losses of lives around the world and continue to present a great public health challenge. Antigenic characterization based on hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay is one of the routine procedures for influenza vaccine strain selection. However, HI assay is only a crude experiment reflecting the antigenic correlations among testing antigens (viruses and reference antisera (antibodies. Moreover, antigenic characterization is usually based on more than one HI dataset. The combination of multiple datasets results in an incomplete HI matrix with many unobserved entries. This paper proposes a new computational framework for constructing an influenza antigenic cartography from this incomplete matrix, which we refer to as Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS. In this approach, we first reconstruct the HI matrices with viruses and antibodies using low-rank matrix completion, and then generate the two-dimensional antigenic cartography using multidimensional scaling. Moreover, for influenza HI tables with herd immunity effect (such as those from Human influenza viruses, we propose a temporal model to reduce the inherent temporal bias of HI tables caused by herd immunity. By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated from 1968 to 2003, we identified eleven clusters of antigenic variants, representing all major antigenic drift events in these 36 years. Our results showed that both the completed HI matrix and the antigenic cartography obtained via MC-MDS are useful in identifying influenza antigenic variants and thus can be used to facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection. The webserver is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap.

  6. A computational framework for influenza antigenic cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Zhipeng; Zhang, Tong; Wan, Xiu-Feng

    2010-10-07

    Influenza viruses have been responsible for large losses of lives around the world and continue to present a great public health challenge. Antigenic characterization based on hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay is one of the routine procedures for influenza vaccine strain selection. However, HI assay is only a crude experiment reflecting the antigenic correlations among testing antigens (viruses) and reference antisera (antibodies). Moreover, antigenic characterization is usually based on more than one HI dataset. The combination of multiple datasets results in an incomplete HI matrix with many unobserved entries. This paper proposes a new computational framework for constructing an influenza antigenic cartography from this incomplete matrix, which we refer to as Matrix Completion-Multidimensional Scaling (MC-MDS). In this approach, we first reconstruct the HI matrices with viruses and antibodies using low-rank matrix completion, and then generate the two-dimensional antigenic cartography using multidimensional scaling. Moreover, for influenza HI tables with herd immunity effect (such as those from Human influenza viruses), we propose a temporal model to reduce the inherent temporal bias of HI tables caused by herd immunity. By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated from 1968 to 2003, we identified eleven clusters of antigenic variants, representing all major antigenic drift events in these 36 years. Our results showed that both the completed HI matrix and the antigenic cartography obtained via MC-MDS are useful in identifying influenza antigenic variants and thus can be used to facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection. The webserver is available at http://sysbio.cvm.msstate.edu/AntigenMap.

  7. Geodesy and cartography. [of planet Mars surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Merton E.; Batson, Raymond M.; Wu, Sherman S. C.

    1992-01-01

    An overview of geodesy and cartography of Mars over the past century is presented. The modern exploration began with the Mariner 4, 6, and 7 flyby missions, followed by the Mariner 9 and Viking missions that mapped the entire surface of Mars. The primary modern changes to the coordinate system have led to improved measurements of the rotational period, the direction of the spin axis, and the size and shape of Mars. Planimetric mapping based on Mariner 9 pictures began with a 1:25-M-scale sheet and 30 1:5-M-scale sheets that covered the entire Martian surface. The quality of the Viking Orbiter pictures was greatly improved over Mariner 9 and led to the publication of 140 controlled photomosaic sheets at a scale of 1:2 M. Two digital data bases have been compiled for Mars - the digital image model and the digital terrain model.

  8. Cartography of affections in the Bragantine Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio José da Costa Brito

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This communication synthetically presents some elements of Jerônimo Silva e Silva’s ethnographic research. Actually it is the outlines of his doctoral thesis Cartography of affections in the encantaria: religious masters narratives from Bragantine Amazon. Silva lines out an ethnography via a cartographic flow having in mind to capture its live forces or movers. Using hermeneutics data from these narratives and living with some religious agents in situ – Pajé-Exorcista Cristino, Pajé Edvaldo, Mãe Terezinha, Mãe Lourdes, Rezadeira Luiza, Mãe Ana e Experiente Zé Maria – he unveils a plurality of relationships between people and incantation. Using some local technical concepts like corda (rope, linha (line, viração (breeze he discloses a rich social complexity in this religion of the incantation.

  9. 3D cartography of the Alpine Arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vouillamoz, N.; Sue, C.; Champagnac, J. D.; Calcagno, P.

    2012-04-01

    We present a 3D cartography of the alpine arc, a highly non-cylindrical mountain belt, built using the 3D GeoModeller of the BRGM (French geological survey). The model allows to handle the large-scale 3D structure of seventeen major crustal units of the belt (from the lower crust to the sedimentary cover nappes), and two main discontinuities (the Insubric line and the Crustal Penninic Front). It provides a unique document to better understand their structural relationships and to produce new sections. The study area comprises the western alpine arc, from the Jura to the Northwest, up to the Bergell granite intrusion and the Lepontine Dome to the East, and is limited to the South by the Ligurian basin. The model is limited vertically 10 km above sea level at the top, and the moho interface at the bottom. We discarded the structural relationships between the Alps sensus stricto and the surrounding geodynamic systems such as the Rhine graben or the connection with the Apennines. The 3D-model is based on the global integration of various data such as the DEM of the Alps, the moho isobaths, the simplified geological and tectonic maps of the belt, the crustal cross-sections ECORS-CROP and NFP-20, and complementary cross-sections specifically built to precise local complexities. The database has first been integrated in a GIS-project to prepare their implementation in the GeoModeller, by homogenizing the different spatial referencing systems. The global model is finally interpolated from all these data, using the potential field method. The final document is a new tri-dimentional cartography that would be used as input for further alpine studies.

  10. Digital Cartography in the Royal Library -the National Library of Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Bäärnhielm

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Digital cartography - that is computer cartography - could be seen from several different viewpoints. Three aspects are important for libraries: digital map production, digital access and digital archiving.

  11. Lunar and planetary cartography in Russia

    CERN Document Server

    Shevchenko, Vladislav; Michael, Gregory

    2016-01-01

    This book is the first to document in depth the history of lunar and planetary cartography in Russia. The first map of the far side of the Moon was made with the participation of Lomonosov Moscow University (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, MSU) in 1960. The developed mapping technologies were then used in preparing the “Complete Map of the Moon” in 1967 as well as other maps and globes. Over the years, various maps of Mars have emerged from the special course “Mapping of extraterrestrial objects” in the MSU Geography Department, including the hypsometric map of Mars at a scale of 1:26,000,000, compiled by J.A. Ilyukhina and published in 2004 in an edition of 5,000 copies. A more detailed version of this map has since been produced with a new hypsometric scale. In addition, maps of the northern and southern hemispheres of Mars have been compiled for the hypsometric globe of Mars.  Relief maps of Venus were made in 2008, 2010, and 2011, and hypsometric maps of Phobos and Deimos at a scale of 1:60,000...

  12. National Report »Cartography in Slovenia 2002 – 2006«

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The cartography report presents a short history of the cartography in Slovenia and a detailed review of the state of the cartography from 2002 to 2006. This four-year review describes activities and cartographic products of some Slovenian companies and other institutions. It will serve as a basis for the elaboration of the first national report of the cartography in Slovenia in years 2002 - 2006, which will be presented at the conference of the International Cartographic Association (ICA). Th...

  13. Development Trends of Cartography and Geographic Information Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Jiayao

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Aimed at the problems of cartography and geographic information engineering and increasing demands of national and military infomationization construction, the paper proposes six hotspots on the research of cartography and geographic information engineering for the future on the foundation of analyzing the development track of cartology, which are heterogeneous geospatial data assimilation, transferring from emphasizing geography infor-mation gaining to user-oriented geographic information deep processing, web or grid geographic information service. intelligent spatial data generalization. integration of GIS and VGE. cartography and geographic information engineering theory system with multi-mode(Map,.GlS..VGE spatial-temporal integrated cognition as the core. And discusses the necessity ,existing groundwork and research contents on studying these hotspots.

  14. Value Assessment in Managing Cartography and Geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the result of a collaboration project carried out by Aalborg University and the Danish Ministry of the Environment, National Survey and Cadastre (KMS). During the last 10 to 20 years there has been a paradigm shift in cartography in general. It has been a shift with quite...... and the management in modern cartography and in modern geo-spatial communication projects. It was recognized that there was a lack of adequate theories, models, methods and tech-niques. This forced the cartographers and the project managers to lock several parameters to well known values. One example...... a standard that leads to conscious choices and decisions about both contents and form in modern cartography. The project has developed a comprehensive model allowing simultaneous, systematic and controlled optimization of all recognised parame-ters. This model is called ‘Value Model’, and it is now...

  15. API, Cloud computing, WebGIS and cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Favretto

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores some of the digital mapping processes available on the Internet in order to analyse their cartographic congruence. It will focus on WebGIS-based cartography in relation to what is produced using Mash-up site maps. These websites often use Googlebased maps in order to produce their own cartography. Thus, we can identify two main typologies of Internet mapping sites, which are characterized by the ownership or non-ownership of their cartographic bases. This paper will critically assess the cartography employed in the two different instances. A concise introduction to the Cloud Computing Internet propagated phenomenon is also premised in order to provide the reader with an accurate frame of reference. Cloud Computing has encouraged a significant Internet participation via the Application Programming Interface software (API, leading to mash-up cartographic websites.

  16. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo G Mattar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems-including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems-engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i stability vs. flexibility and (ii connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort

  17. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Marcelo G.; Cole, Michael W.; Thompson-Schill, Sharon L.; Bassett, Danielle S.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module) across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems—including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems—engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i) stability vs. flexibility and (ii) connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort, individual

  18. A Functional Cartography of Cognitive Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Marcelo G; Cole, Michael W; Thompson-Schill, Sharon L; Bassett, Danielle S

    2015-12-01

    One of the most remarkable features of the human brain is its ability to adapt rapidly and efficiently to external task demands. Novel and non-routine tasks, for example, are implemented faster than structural connections can be formed. The neural underpinnings of these dynamics are far from understood. Here we develop and apply novel methods in network science to quantify how patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions reconfigure as human subjects perform 64 different tasks. By applying dynamic community detection algorithms, we identify groups of brain regions that form putative functional communities, and we uncover changes in these groups across the 64-task battery. We summarize these reconfiguration patterns by quantifying the probability that two brain regions engage in the same network community (or putative functional module) across tasks. These tools enable us to demonstrate that classically defined cognitive systems-including visual, sensorimotor, auditory, default mode, fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and salience systems-engage dynamically in cohesive network communities across tasks. We define the network role that a cognitive system plays in these dynamics along the following two dimensions: (i) stability vs. flexibility and (ii) connected vs. isolated. The role of each system is therefore summarized by how stably that system is recruited over the 64 tasks, and how consistently that system interacts with other systems. Using this cartography, classically defined cognitive systems can be categorized as ephemeral integrators, stable loners, and anything in between. Our results provide a new conceptual framework for understanding the dynamic integration and recruitment of cognitive systems in enabling behavioral adaptability across both task and rest conditions. This work has important implications for understanding cognitive network reconfiguration during different task sets and its relationship to cognitive effort, individual

  19. Cartography "LEAi" of the International Network of Universities Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa M. Ramírez Leyva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the project of Cartography "LEAi" which aims to create a cartographic information system on the actions, achievements and experiences of reading, writing and information literacy in the Mexican universities. The methodology behind the project is the social mappings, which allows information and systematize it. The project is based on the participatory action research. It includes the first results of the implementation of an electronic questionnaire to the first participants of the project are presented. The Cartography is part of the collaborative activities that encouraged the International Network of Universities Readers (RIUL.

  20. Using Mental Map Principles to Interpret American Indian Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Martin D.

    2014-01-01

    The understanding of maps drawn or significantly influenced by American Indians fosters critical thinking, cultural diversity, and awareness of a much-neglected topic in cartography. Line styles, scale depiction, and the sizing of individual entities are discussed in the context of applying principles from mental maps to American Indian maps and…

  1. Social Cartographies as Performative Devices in Research on Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira Andreotti, Vanessa; Stein, Sharon; Pashby, Karen; Nicolson, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we review social cartography as a methodological approach to map and collectively engage diverse perspectives within the study of higher education. We illustrate the uses of this approach by drawing on our own experiences engaging it as part of an international research project about the effects of the convergence of globalization…

  2. Maps and civilization cartography in culture and society

    CERN Document Server

    Thrower, Norman J W

    2008-01-01

    In this concise introduction to the history of cartography, Norman J. W. Thrower charts the intimate links between maps and history from antiquity to the present day. A wealth of illustrations, including the oldest known map and contemporary examples made using Geographical Information Systems (GIS), illuminate the many ways in which various human cultures have interpreted spatial relationships.The third edition of Maps and Civilization incorporates numerous revisions, features new material throughout the book, and includes a new alphabetized bibliography. Praise for previous editions of Maps and Civilization:"A marvelous compendium of map lore. Anyone truly interested in the development of cartography will want to have his or her own copy to annotate, underline, and index for handy referencing."-L. M. Sebert, Geomatica

  3. Assessing population exposure for landslide risk analysis using dasymetric cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ricardo A. C.; Oliveira, Sergio C.; Zezere, Jose L.

    2015-04-01

    Exposed Population is a major topic that needs to be taken into account in a full landslide risk analysis. Usually, risk analysis is based on an accounting of inhabitants number or inhabitants density, applied over statistical or administrative terrain units, such as NUTS or parishes. However, this kind of approach may skew the obtained results underestimating the importance of population, mainly in territorial units with predominance of rural occupation. Furthermore, the landslide susceptibility scores calculated for each terrain unit are frequently more detailed and accurate than the location of the exposed population inside each territorial unit based on Census data. These drawbacks are not the ideal setting when landslide risk analysis is performed for urban management and emergency planning. Dasymetric cartography, which uses a parameter or set of parameters to restrict the spatial distribution of a particular phenomenon, is a methodology that may help to enhance the resolution of Census data and therefore to give a more realistic representation of the population distribution. Therefore, this work aims to map and to compare the population distribution based on a traditional approach (population per administrative terrain units) and based on dasymetric cartography (population by building). The study is developed in the Region North of Lisbon using 2011 population data and following three main steps: i) the landslide susceptibility assessment based on statistical models independently validated; ii) the evaluation of population distribution (absolute and density) for different administrative territorial units (Parishes and BGRI - the basic statistical unit in the Portuguese Census); and iii) the dasymetric population's cartography based on building areal weighting. Preliminary results show that in sparsely populated administrative units, population density differs more than two times depending on the application of the traditional approach or the dasymetric

  4. DOCUMENTARY STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT THROUGH THE CONCEPTUAL CARTOGRAPHY

    OpenAIRE

    María Fabiola Ortega-Carbajal; José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda; Sergio Tobón-Tobón

    2015-01-01

    The need to implement strategies that promote knowledge management in order to transcend the management of information in a society marked by change problem solving context and the influence of technology in scientific innovation processes. The methodology used for the conceptual cartography in order to organize information collected, primary and secondary sources were recovered mainly from academic google. The results show four key aspects in the management of knowledge from socioformation. ...

  5. Cell biology of the future: Nanometer-scale cellular cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taraska, Justin W

    2015-10-26

    Understanding cellular structure is key to understanding cellular regulation. New developments in super-resolution fluorescence imaging, electron microscopy, and quantitative image analysis methods are now providing some of the first three-dimensional dynamic maps of biomolecules at the nanometer scale. These new maps--comprehensive nanometer-scale cellular cartographies--will reveal how the molecular organization of cells influences their diverse and changeable activities.

  6. Mapping out Patience: Cartography, Cinema and W.G. Sebald

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taien Ng-Chan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cinematic cartography can be an especially powerful tool for deep mapping, as it can convey the narratives, emotions, memories and histories, as well as the locations and geography that are associated with a place. This is evident in the documentary film Patience (After Sebald by Grant Gee, which follows in the footsteps of W.G. Sebald and his walking tour of Suffolk, England, as described in his book The Rings of Saturn. A variety of strategies in cinematic cartography are used quite consciously in Gee’s exploration of space, place and story. Using Teresa Castro’s three cartographic shapes of cinema, I structure an analysis of the film’s opening scene through a discussion of cinematic cartography, or the plotting of geospatial data onto a map, as well as what I will differentiate as cartographic cinema, or the mapping of space through the cinematographic image. I argue that both are necessary not only to have a deep understanding of the world and our place in it, but also in how to transmit that knowledge to others.

  7. The future of human cerebral cartography: a novel approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frackowiak, Richard; Markram, Henry

    2015-05-19

    Cerebral cartography can be understood in a limited, static, neuroanatomical sense. Temporal information from electrical recordings contributes information on regional interactions adding a functional dimension. Selective tagging and imaging of molecules adds biochemical contributions. Cartographic detail can also be correlated with normal or abnormal psychological or behavioural data. Modern cerebral cartography is assimilating all these elements. Cartographers continue to collect ever more precise data in the hope that general principles of organization will emerge. However, even detailed cartographic data cannot generate knowledge without a multi-scale framework making it possible to relate individual observations and discoveries. We propose that, in the next quarter century, advances in cartography will result in progressively more accurate drafts of a data-led, multi-scale model of human brain structure and function. These blueprints will result from analysis of large volumes of neuroscientific and clinical data, by a process of reconstruction, modelling and simulation. This strategy will capitalize on remarkable recent developments in informatics and computer science and on the existence of much existing, addressable data and prior, though fragmented, knowledge. The models will instantiate principles that govern how the brain is organized at different levels and how different spatio-temporal scales relate to each other in an organ-centred context.

  8. Impossible cartographies: approaching Raúl Ruiz’s cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goddard

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Raúl Ruiz (1931-2011, while considered one of the world’s most significant filmmakers by several film critics, is yet to be the subject of any thorough academic engagement with his work in English. My book Impossible Cartographies sets out on this task by mapping, as fully as possible, Ruiz’s cinematic trajectory across more than five decades of prolific work ranging from his earliest work in Chile to high budget ‘European’ costume dramas culminating in the recent Mysteries of Lisbon (2010. It does this by treating Ruiz’s work, with its surrealist, magic realist, popular cultural and neo-Baroque sources, as a type of ‘impossible’ cinematic cartography, mapping real, imaginary and virtual spaces, and crossing between different cultural contexts, aesthetic strategies, and technical media. In argues that across the different phases of Ruiz’s work identified, there are key continuities such as the invention of singular cinematic images and the interrogation of their possible and impossible combinations. This article will present some of the key themes of Ruiz’s cinema and use ideas of virtual cartography, tableaux vivants and the neo-baroque to illuminate a range of Ruiz’s films from the Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting (1978 to Mysteries of Lisbon, his last major project.

  9. The Future of Cartography --- Budućnost kartografije

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The most important changes in cartography are associated with the development of computer technology, and regarding the function and usage of maps, the accent has been given to cartographic visualisation. Animation, multimedia presentation, Internet, WWW, market economy and politics have remarkably influenced cartography. The paper emphasises the need for closer collaboration of experts in informatics, geodesists, geographers, spatial planners and others with cartographers. The future of cartography is associated with map production, GIS, visualisation of spatial databases, and the production of detailed three-dimensional landscape presentations.Najvažnije promjene u kartografiji vezane su uz razvoj računalne tehnologije i geoinformacijskih sustava (GIS-a, a glede funkcije i upotrebe karata naglasak je na kartografskoj vizualizaciji. Na kartografiju također znatno utječu animacija, multimedijski prikazi, Internet, WWW, tržišno gospodarstvo i politika. Kartografija se mijenja od ponudom vođene do zahtjevom vođene kartografije. U radu je posebno istaknuta potreba uže suradnje informatičara, geodeta, geografa, prostornih planera i drugih s kartografima. Budućnost kartografije nije samo u izradi karata, već i u GIS-ovima, vizualizaciji prostornih baza podataka i izradi detaljnih trodimenzionalnih prikaza krajolika.

  10. 4th International Conference of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, Budapest, June 28 – 29, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The Commission on the History of Cartography of the International Cartographic Association (ICA) in collaboration with Dr. Zsolt Török from the Loránd Eötvös University in Budapest organized the 4th International Conference of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography titled Exploration, Discovery, Cartography in Budapest on June 28 and 29, 2012.

  11. Gis-Based Smart Cartography Using 3d Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinverni, E. S.; Tassetti, A. N.

    2013-08-01

    3D City Models have evolved to be important tools for urban decision processes and information systems, especially in planning, simulation, analysis, documentation and heritage management. On the other hand existing and in use numerical cartography is often not suitable to be used in GIS because not geometrically and topologically correctly structured. The research aim is to 3D structure and organize a numeric cartography for GIS and turn it into CityGML standardized features. The work is framed around a first phase of methodological analysis aimed to underline which existing standard (like ISO and OGC rules) can be used to improve the quality requirement of a cartographic structure. Subsequently, from this technical specifics, it has been investigated the translation in formal contents, using an owner interchange software (SketchUp), to support some guide lines implementations to generate a GIS3D structured in GML3. It has been therefore predisposed a test three-dimensional numerical cartography (scale 1:500, generated from range data captured by 3D laser scanner), tested on its quality according to the previous standard and edited when and where necessary. Cad files and shapefiles are converted into a final 3D model (Google SketchUp model) and then exported into a 3D city model (CityGML LoD1/LoD2). The GIS3D structure has been managed in a GIS environment to run further spatial analysis and energy performance estimate, not achievable in a 2D environment. In particular geometrical building parameters (footprint, volume etc.) are computed and building envelop thermal characteristics are derived from. Lastly, a simulation is carried out to deal with asbestos and home renovating charges and show how the built 3D city model can support municipal managers with risk diagnosis of the present situation and development of strategies for a sustainable redevelop.

  12. Mathematical Definitions of Point, Line and Area Symbols in Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Wenzhan; ZHONG Yexun; PENG Yueying; ZHENG Hongbo

    2003-01-01

    The line cartographic symbol located on the boundary and the point cartographic symbol located by single point are the main body and stress of the map. The cartographic symbols are divided into point, line and area symbol in cartography and traditional educational books, but up to now there is only qualitative description about the three kinds of symbols, there are not the mathematical definitions of point, line and area symbols. This paper tries to solve the problem. The authors propose the mathematical definition about point,line and area cartographic symbol according to the theory of topology and expound their dependence relation.

  13. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2009-01-01

    Maps, either printed or digital, can create effective communication with bosses, clients, other scientists, and the public. However, entry level GISers often find that map design was given short shrift in their pre-professional life. It is time for the GIS field, which is maturing in other ways, to improve its skills in this area. Based on the author's more than ten years of research and practice in map design, GIS Cartography: A Guide to Effective Map Design provides the tools to create truly sophisticated maps. Packed full of in-depth information and advice, this book covers all facets of ma

  14. Cartographie par carroyage et précision spatiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice LANGLOIS

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre d'une cartographie par carroyage, on étudie la désagrégation de variables zonales, en revenant sur l'hypothèse de l'équirépartition spatiale des populations. L'objectif est d'approcher des règles différenciées de désagrégation des variables en fusionnant des plans d'information de nature morphologique, topologique et environnementale.

  15. DOCUMENTARY STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT THROUGH THE CONCEPTUAL CARTOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fabiola Ortega-Carbajal

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The need to implement strategies that promote knowledge management in order to transcend the management of information in a society marked by change problem solving context and the influence of technology in scientific innovation processes. The methodology used for the conceptual cartography in order to organize information collected, primary and secondary sources were recovered mainly from academic google. The results show four key aspects in the management of knowledge from socioformation. As a consecuence we have the basis of a key concept in the transformation of education in Latin America that requires empirical studies to consolidate in future pedagogical reforms.

  16. Perspective and Cartography: the World on a Human Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Laura Mongili

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available What does Brunelleschi’s dome in Florence have to do with the map that Columbus used in his expedition to the New World? In the 15th century Man become fully aware of his ability to measure, and to control, the space. Both central perspective – with the consequent organisation of space – and cartography result from a new conception of the world. The parallel and inter-disciplinary analysis of this work shows that the spiritual content of an epoch emerges also from quite different activities.

  17. Mathematics in the Classroom: Conceptual Cartography of Differential Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Lourdes RODRÍGUEZ PERALTA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a documentary investigation with the intention of substantiate how and why, and the level and depth of the topics used by the teacher in the classroom for the development of the mathematical knowledge on the part of higher level engineering students. The analysis of the mathematical object was made through the construction of conceptual cartography, being the core of the derivative concept. To construct the axes, the socio-formative theory of Sergio Tobón was used, together with the semiotic representation register of Raychmond Duval and Tall's mathematical advanced thought in the engineering context. The topic is a part of the Unit of learning: Differential and Integral Calculus. This corresponds to the first semester. The course lasts for a semester and is intended for students aged between 18 and 20 years. The research shows that by constructing a conceptual cartography involving at least 8 axes of analysis that the socio-formation orientates, and taking mathematics in the context of careers offered by the educational institution, the teacher is allowed to place the thematic content in the appropriate level and depth, guiding in a possible treatment of knowledge to be brought into the classroom.

  18. Assessing population exposure for landslide risk analysis using dasymetric cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ricardo A. C.; Oliveira, Sérgio C.; Zêzere, José L.

    2016-12-01

    Assessing the number and locations of exposed people is a crucial step in landslide risk management and emergency planning. The available population statistical data frequently have insufficient detail for an accurate assessment of potentially exposed people to hazardous events, mainly when they occur at the local scale, such as with landslides. The present study aims to apply dasymetric cartography to improving population spatial resolution and to assess the potentially exposed population. An additional objective is to compare the results with those obtained with a more common approach that uses, as spatial units, basic census units, which are the best spatial data disaggregation and detailed information available for regional studies in Portugal. Considering the Portuguese census data and a layer of residential building footprint, which was used as ancillary information, the number of exposed inhabitants differs significantly according to the approach used. When the census unit approach is used, considering the three highest landslide susceptible classes, the number of exposed inhabitants is in general overestimated. Despite the associated uncertainties of a general cost-benefit analysis, the presented methodology seems to be a reliable approach for gaining a first approximation of a more detailed estimation of exposed people. The approach based on dasymetric cartography allows the spatial resolution of population over large areas to be increased and enables the use of detailed landslide susceptibility maps, which are valuable for improving the exposed population assessment.

  19. Large scale land use cartography of special areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amico, F.D.; Maccarone, D.; Pandiscia, G.V. [NuovaTelespazio S.p.A., Rome (Italy)] [and others

    1996-11-01

    On 06 October 1993 an aerial remote sensing mission has been done on the {open_quote}Mounts of the Sila{close_quotes} area, using a DAEDALUS ATM multispectral scanner, in the framework of the TELAER project, supported by I.A.S.M. (Istituto per l`Assistenza e lo Sviluppo del Mezzogiorno). The study area is inside the National Park of Calabria, well known for its coniferous forests. The collected imagery were used to produce a large scale land use cartography, on the scale of 1 to 5000, extracting information on natural and anthropical vegetation from the multispectral images, with the aid of stereo photos acquired simultaneously. 5 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  20. Industries dangereuses et planification: cartographier les risques technologiques majeurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine GLATRON

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Rendue obligatoire depuis 1987, la prévision des risques majeurs est entrée dans le domaine de la planification urbaine. Il est donc nécessaire d’en dresser la cartographie la plus exhaustive possible pour établir un document de référence permettant de prendre ces risques en considération lors de toute action d’aménagement. Une première tentative cartographique a été réalisée sur SIG pour les risques technologiques, à titre exploratoire, étant donné les difficultés rencontrées d’une part pour la collecte des informations relatives aux impacts d’éventuels accidents, d’autre part pour faire accepter l’affichage exhaustif des risques majeurs.

  1. Industries dangereuses et planification: cartographier les risques technologiques majeurs

    OpenAIRE

    Sandrine GLATRON

    1995-01-01

    Rendue obligatoire depuis 1987, la prévision des risques majeurs est entrée dans le domaine de la planification urbaine. Il est donc nécessaire d’en dresser la cartographie la plus exhaustive possible pour établir un document de référence permettant de prendre ces risques en considération lors de toute action d’aménagement. Une première tentative cartographique a été réalisée sur SIG pour les risques technologiques, à titre exploratoire, étant donné les difficultés rencontrées d’une part pour...

  2. 4th International Conference of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, Budapest, June 28 – 29, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Rajakovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Commission on the History of Cartography of the International Cartographic Association (ICA in collaboration with Dr. Zsolt Török from the Loránd Eötvös University in Budapest organized the 4th International Conference of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography titled Exploration, Discovery, Cartography in Budapest on June 28 and 29, 2012.

  3. Variable radius cartography - History and perspectives of a new discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scalera, Giancarlo

    2014-05-01

    The map that Toscanelli sent to Columbus was an unconscious application of cartography at a smaller radius than the real. The first really conscious attempts to represent the geography of Earth on globes of radius less than the current one occurred after the formulation of the concept of expanding Earth through geological time. The American chemist and geologist Richard Owen (1810-1890) in his book Key to the geology of the globe (1857) described the principles of what he himself called Anatomical Geology, with the Earth growing as a biological organism. The book contained a global paleogeographic map of the Earth that would have had a radius of about 4000 kilometers. In 1928 J.A.H. Kerkhoff (under the pseudonym Aero-dilettant) published a series of paleogeographic globes on which the modern oceans disappeared. With the same artisan methods of transfer continental outlines from a sphere to a smaller one, in 1933 O.C. Hilgenberg represented three different geological epochs, and, later, for the first time mapped paleopoles with their site-pole segments of meridian. Even today the traditional method of Hilgenberg is followed by senior researchers (Klaus Vogel, 2003) and younger geologists (James Maxlow). In England Hugh Owen applied the methods of traditional cartography to the variable radius one. His Atlas of Continental Displacement was in the 70s and 80s, for this discipline, a real milestone. While in the field of constant radius paleogeography the adherents to plate tectonics created many computer codes of automatic mapping (Bullard et al., 1965; Smith & Hallam, 1970; Scotese et al., 1979; and many others), in the variable radius field few tried to reach the same task. In 1972 in United States a first very simple attempt (but was not further developed) came from a private, R.B. Perry, followed by the still not-computerized Atlas of Owen, and both them constituted inspiration for the construction of a FORTRAN variable radius mapping code at INGV, with which it

  4. Spatial-Frequency Azimuthally Stable Cartography of Biological Polycrystalline Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Ushenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new azimuthally stable polarimetric technique processing microscopic images of optically anisotropic structures of biological tissues histological sections is proposed. It has been used as a generalized model of phase anisotropy definition of biological tissues by using superposition of Mueller matrices of linear birefringence and optical activity. The matrix element M44 has been chosen as the main information parameter, whose value is independent of the rotation angle of both sample and probing beam polarization plane. For the first time, the technique of concerted spatial-frequency filtration has been used in order to separate the manifestation of linear birefringence and optical activity. Thereupon, the method of azimuthally stable spatial-frequency cartography of biological tissues histological sections has been elaborated. As the analyzing tool, complex statistic, correlation, and fractal analysis of coordinate distributions of M44 element has been performed. The possibility of using the biopsy of the uterine wall tissue in order to differentiate benign (fibromyoma and malignant (adenocarcinoma conditions has been estimated.

  5. From Planetary Mapping to Map Production: Planetary Cartography as integral discipline in Planetary Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, Andrea; van Gasselt, Stephan; Hargitai, Hendrik; Hare, Trent; Manaud, Nicolas; Karachevtseva, Irina; Kersten, Elke; Roatsch, Thomas; Wählisch, Marita; Kereszturi, Akos

    2016-04-01

    Cartography is one of the most important communication channels between users of spatial information and laymen as well as the open public alike. This applies to all known real-world objects located either here on Earth or on any other object in our Solar System. In planetary sciences, however, the main use of cartography resides in a concept called planetary mapping with all its various attached meanings: it can be (1) systematic spacecraft observation from orbit, i.e. the retrieval of physical information, (2) the interpretation of discrete planetary surface units and their abstraction, or it can be (3) planetary cartography sensu strictu, i.e., the technical and artistic creation of map products. As the concept of planetary mapping covers a wide range of different information and knowledge levels, aims associated with the concept of mapping consequently range from a technical and engineering focus to a scientific distillation process. Among others, scientific centers focusing on planetary cartography are the United State Geological Survey (USGS, Flagstaff), the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK, Moscow), Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE, Hungary), and the German Aerospace Center (DLR, Berlin). The International Astronomical Union (IAU), the Commission Planetary Cartography within International Cartographic Association (ICA), the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), the WG IV/8 Planetary Mapping and Spatial Databases within International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) and a range of other institutions contribute on definition frameworks in planetary cartography. Classical cartography is nowadays often (mis-)understood as a tool mainly rather than a scientific discipline and an art of communication. Consequently, concepts of information systems, mapping tools and cartographic frameworks are used interchangeably, and cartographic workflows and visualization of spatial information in thematic maps have often been

  6. The Space of Cartography (en inglés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Carrascal Aguirre

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract“All perceiving is also thinking, all reasoning is also intuition, all observation is also invention” Rudolph Arnheim Among the places found inside contemporary cities, a certain  kind of space exists, the importance of which is often   overlooked, even by those who are charged with creating them. This could be explained by the fact that, singularly, these spaces  do not have a specific location, since they are in essence symbolic or conceptual in character. I am referring to our way of graphically representing our environment: maps. As will soon be explained, the map in itself is a place that substitutes the reality that it represents. It is a surrogate space that operates fundamentally through analogy and abstraction.The production and use of this type of space carries important  implications in the configuration of our physical environment at any scale, be it that of a project, a city or the land. The transformative capacity of cartographic activity will be comparable  here to project design, refuting the usual conception about both as having essentially different natures; project design is usually seen as being dynamic in character and tinged with specific actions leading to a transformation of the environment over time, while maps are reduced to being a static projection of an existing physical reality onto a smaller surface. The fundamental idea behind putting maps and projects on the same level rests on the fact that any form of spatial representation entails an exercise of acting upon the  represented object.Key wordsplace, cartography, landscape, abstraction, geometry

  7. [The symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk: an incursion into the thinking of Boaventura de Sousa Santos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevalho, Gil; Stotz, Eduardo

    2012-09-01

    Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the concept of epidemiological risk is critically discussed. The work of Elizabeth Teixeira, who uses the ideas of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, is presented. The proposal for symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk is sketched out, defining analytical scales ranging from exteriority and distancing from the field of science to the proximity of territory and place, conceptualized on the basis of the geography of Milton Santos, in which conceptions of risk are drawn up from the perspective of the everyday routine of social existence. Questions relating to space, territoriality, subjectivity and time give meaning to a cartography of risk which is proposed as a model for epidemiological investigations.

  8. Destroying the Art of Cartography: Teaching Illustrations Using ArcView.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Miriam Helen

    Introductory courses in Geographic Information Systems and cartography cover the fundamentals of map design. Students are given guidelines for producing a good map, but visual demonstrations are much more impressive. ArcView was used to produce illustrations of bad mapping practices and placed in a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation to demonstrate…

  9. "The History of Cartography" by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward free on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The first part of well known The History of Cartography, edited by J. B. Harley and D. Woodward, was published in 1987. The second part, consisted of three books, was being published during the next 11 years. Since recently, all four books have been available for free, on the Internet (http://press.uchicago.edu/books/HOC/index.html.

  10. Kartographie im Spannungsfeld expliziter und impliziter Forschung [Cartography as a cross-cutting area between explicit and implicit research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Hruby

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last years, various new paradigms for cartography have been proposed in the subject's scholarly literature. This article discusses the heterogeneous formulations of these cartographic paradigms in the light of the original conception of the term paradigm by Thomas Kuhn. In accordance with Kuhn, the call for a new paradigm of cartography shall be interpreted as an expression of dissatisfaction about the discipline's current capabilities to solve subject-relevant problems. In terms of Kuhn, we can call this situation a crisis. Evidence for a crisis can be found, on the one hand, in scientific literature of cartography – e.g. by means of ambiguities of cartographic key-concepts. On the other hand, questions within the traditional scope of cartography have been picked up by young disciplines like Visual Analytics during the last years. The main reason for this assumed crisis is seen in increasing disparities between cartographic theory and the potentials of cartographic practise, which also has an effect on cartography's scientific self-conception as a mediator between its users and reality. In the course of this article, the above-mentioned disparities will be explored from different angles and finally structured in the form of a triadic semiotic model, which may offer a sustainable framework to answer some of the raised questions on explicit and implicit cartography.

  11. Participation of Employees and Students of the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography in Polar Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasik, Mariusz; Adamek, Artur; Rajner, Marcin; Kurczyński, Zdzisław; Pachuta, Andrzej; Woźniak, Marek; Bylina, Paweł; Próchniewicz, Dominik

    2016-06-01

    This year the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology celebrates its 95th jubilee, which provides an opportunity to present the Faculty's rich traditions in polar research. Employees and students of the faculty for almost 60 years have taken part in research expeditions to the polar circle. The article presents various studies typical of geodesy and cartography, as well as miscellany of possible measurement applications and geodetic techniques used to support interdisciplinary research. Wide range of geodetic techniques used in polar studies includes classic angular and linear surveys, photogrammetric techniques, gravimetric measurements, GNSS satellite techniques and satellite imaging. Those measurements were applied in glaciological, geological, geodynamic, botanical researches as well as in cartographic studies. Often they were used in activities aiming to ensure continuous functioning of Polish research stations on both hemispheres. This study is a short overview of thematic scope and selected research results conducted by our employees and students.

  12. Cinquante ans d’enseignement de la cartographie à l’université

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Béguin

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Créée en 1934 par E. de Martonne, l’École Supérieure de Cartographie, actuellement DESS de cartographie thématique de l’Université de Paris I, forme des cartographes-géographes capables de réaliser des cartes depuis leur conception jusqu’à leur fabrication. Très orientée à l’origine vers la pratique manuelle du dessin, la formation des cartographes, aujourd’hui, doit aussi inclure la maîtrise du traitement de l’information par les outils statistiques et informatiques et de la conception cartographique assistée par ordinateur.

  13. Cartographie biogéographique et dynamiques de paysage en montagne de Lure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent SIMON

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Les paysages de la montagne de Lure ont changé. Une cartographie de l'état actuel du couvert végétal tend à mesurer cette dynamique et ses conséquences économiques, sociales et environnementales. La télédétection et les systèmes d'informations géographiques sont des moyens mis au service de cet objectif.

  14. 25th International Conference on the History of Cartography (ICHC2013, Helsinki, Finland, June 30 – July 5, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Viličić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The 25th International Conference on the History of Cartography was held in the Marina congress centre in Helsinki, capital of Finland, from June 30 to July 5, 2013. The conference was organized by the Cartographic Society of Finland in collaboration with Imago Mundi Ltd. Partners in organization were the National Land Survey of Finland, National Library of Finland, John Nurminen Foundation, University of Helsinki, Aalto University, National Archives of Finland, Geographical Society of Finland, National Museum of Finland, Chartarum Amici, University of Jyväskylä, City of Helsinki and City of Espoo. The conference theme was Four Elements – The Essentials of the History of Cartography. In ancient times, Universe was thought to consist of four elements. Earth, air, fire and water, as main themes, symbolize basic elements in the history of cartography and its importance in representing nature and our worldview.

  15. [Introduction to a social cartography: the journal Revista de Saúde Pública, 1967 to 1977].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Maurici Tadeu Ferreira Dos; Gomes, Mara Helena de Andréa; Silveira, Cássio

    2016-01-26

    Through reliance on a social cartography method based on Karl Mannheim's sociology of knowledge, the article analyzes the first ten issues of Revista de Saúde Pública, published by the University of São Paulo. Articles and editorials are mapped in order to understand the period's transformations. In the realm of the journal's editorial line, tensions are noted between complying with the principles of the institution and international transformations, which demanded an openness to interdisciplinary topics. Special focus is placed on sub-fields, dominated by an epidemiology that was in flux as it absorbed new knowledge in the context of the formation of the field of public health.

  16. Cartography of the Latin American City. Foundation of the Colonial Order

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    Patricio Landaeta Mardones

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Latin American city is the realization of a European model of thought and customary practices that was used as an instrument of order during the process of colonization of the lands discovered in the New World. The article presents a cartography of the Latin American city, considering three aspects: a the foundation of cities, b the city during the Colonial period, and c the critique of the representations that support city institutions. The objective is to show the genesis of the urban model and its implementation, as well as the birth of a new representation that questions the means through which it was realized.

  17. The creation in question: a brief cartography of a theoretical course

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    Tais Rodrigues Dassoler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of discussions produced during a theoretical course aboutcreativity in advertising. Instead of teaching how to create, the proposal of the course was to question what characterizes creation. Departing from this question, the route of a theoretical cartography is presented, trough the deconstruction of the idea of creation, the advertising device is shown in its creative demands. Mobilizing different theoretical perspectives, the text approaches creativity’s myth when problematizes the concept of authorship and presents creation as becomings produced by the very advertising device.

  18. MICROCLIMATE CARTOGRAPHY USING DATA FROM THE EARTH REMOTE SENSING AND SIMULATION OF THERMAL FIELDS

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    V. M. Shcherbakov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Subject of Research. The paper proposes geoinformation technology that provides automated compiling of informative microclimatic map by co-processing of digital terrain models, historical dataof meteorological observations and satellite registration of plant vegetation index for a number of years. We present a new solution for urgent task of microclimate cartography according to satellite imagery and modeling of thermal fields. Method. Insolation and vegetation index NDVI were selected as indicators of microclimatic environment areas, showing the main microclimate forming factors that affect the condition of plants and the dynamics of their life cycle phases change. Main Results. We have done the comparison of the seasonal rhythm variability of microclimatic indicators for synchronicity and their being timed to each other. We have defined indicative properties of microclimate parameters, generalization degree of cartographic image, borders for microclimatic cartography. We have presented a fragment of microclimate map obtained with the use of the proposed GIS technology implemented in “ArcGIS” environment. Practical Relevance. Proposed technology allows the creation of formalized microclimate maps showing the distribution of insolation and photosynthetic activity of plants foliage on the Earth surface, taking into account the features of the terrain, and the search for locations favorable for growing the required crops and forecasting solution of problems in the sphere of nature.

  19. GIS and Cartography: An Introductory Overview; Breve Introduccion a la Cartografia y a los Sistemas de Informacion Geografica (SIG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez, J. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    This Technical Report concerns to some relevant concepts in Cartography and GIS. We will define terms and functions as scale , projection, cartographic syntaxes. We'll specify some Geographic Information, formats, sources... Finally, We will study about GIS applications and, special, how CIEMAT is working with that, and what is the future of this technology. (Author) 71 refs.

  20. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries, Part 7: Philosophy behind a Map: Macrobius, A.D. 1483.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1992-01-01

    Describes the first map to divide the globe into five symmetrical climatic zones. Discusses Ambrosius Macrobius's map as a statement of earthly limitations rather than physical reality. Suggests its significance for teaching world history is as an example of deductive cartography that influenced and challenged late medieval Christian thought. (DK)

  1. Performing Sociology Through Actor-Network Theory: From Impressionist Cartography to the Dirtiness of Mediations

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    Daniel Muriel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to outline the existence of certain problems I have found during my research work, within sociology discipline, when it comes to follow some of the main threads of the complex fabric that constitutes the Actor-Network Theory (ANT. In the same way, I suggest some possible subterfuges to go around those problems. Two are the problems and two are the subterfuges as well destined to tackle them. On the one hand, I face the problem of the magnitude and fidelity that ANT's descriptions demand, thoroughly detailed and local, which clashes with the requirements of sociological theory that seeks abstractions and regularities. The subterfuge I propose is the one called "impressionist cartography". On the other hand, I bump into the difficulty of the irreversibility of mediations and the sanitized representations carried out, sometimes, by ANT. In order to fight this, I use the subterfuge oriented to adopt the premise of the "inevitable dirtiness of mediations".

  2. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

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    Damien Le Guyader

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France, difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique, le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de passagers est identifié, quantifié et cartographié pour une année.

  3. IMPACT OF THE CONCEPTUAL CARTOGRAPHY AS A COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY ON KNOWLEDGE

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    José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: training high-level human capital due to current and emerging educational trends require new approaches to teaching. Objective: to analyze the impact of the conceptual mapping as a strategy for knowledge management. Methods: Quantitative under experimental design and application of the test t of Student. Results: inferential statistics showed the existence of significant values in the test performed, which allowed determine the range of probability of success that the use of conceptual cartography has a strategy for knowledge management. Discussion: the pedagogical mediation from the socioformation approach improves the process of comprehensive knowledge management so it is important to promote changes in teaching and academic management to ensure the success of professionals facing changing globalized world.

  4. Observation spatiale et SIG: des outils pour cartographier les zones sensibles aux mouvements de terrain

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Yves SCANVIC

    1994-01-01

    Les niveaux de sensibilité des sols aux mouvements de terrain ont été cartographiés dans différents bassins de risques en Bolivie, en Colombie et à Taïwan, selon une méthodologie développée au BRGM et fondée en partie sur l’extraction visuelle et numérique d’informations contenues dans les données de télédétection spatiale stéréoscopiques et leur gestion-valorisation dans un SIG. Ces cartes font apparaître l’intérêt de l’imagerie Spot pour la gestion du risque naturel....

  5. Observation spatiale et SIG: des outils pour cartographier les zones sensibles aux mouvements de terrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Yves SCANVIC

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les niveaux de sensibilité des sols aux mouvements de terrain ont été cartographiés dans différents bassins de risques en Bolivie, en Colombie et à Taïwan, selon une méthodologie développée au BRGM et fondée en partie sur l’extraction visuelle et numérique d’informations contenues dans les données de télédétection spatiale stéréoscopiques et leur gestion-valorisation dans un SIG. Ces cartes font apparaître l’intérêt de l’imagerie Spot pour la gestion du risque naturel.

  6. Anti-Machiavellian Rancière: Aesthetic Cartography, Sites of Incommensurability and Processes of Experimentation

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    Anders Fjeld

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I argue that Rancière’s philosophy is anti-Machiavellian in the sense that his distinction between police and politics is not an originary division, but rather a gap in the sensible fabric of society. He thus moves from politics as a theory of agency to an aesthetic cartography of situations. It is a question of mapping the emergence of a political problem within a singular situation, and the ethics of such mapping is the insistence on the irreducible contingency of an existential choice of the problem. I will elaborate some new concepts (“sites of incommensurability,” “experimentation,” “fragmentation of social space” and specify how the three logics of identification, dis-identification, and over-identification are three ways of constructing and dealing with situated problems.

  7. ArCEs - A digital archive of Italian Colonial Cartography and Scientific Expeditions

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    Irene Calloud

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ArcCEs is a study for developing a digital archive on Italian scientific expeditions in Northern and Eastern Africa and the former Italian colonies (19th–20th centuries. The aim of the project is to assess, protect and enhance an important corpus of documents (historical cartographies, photographs, scientific papers and archive documents distributed among public archives and private collections. The database structure is based on the Dublin Core metadata standard. The information system is designed to integrate and make interoperable digital resources, to ensure standardized and complex indexing, and to support advanced retrieval, according to the standards in use. The geolocation of the resources in a GIS environment can display query results in the Google Earth environment.

  8. Flooded area cartography and damage assessment from the combined use of Landsat TM and ANNs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alouene, Yosra; Petropoulos, George P.

    2013-04-01

    Use of Earth Observation (EO) data has generally shown a very promising potential in performing rapidly and cost-effectively mapping as well as damage assessment in different types of natural hazards, including floods. The recent technological progress in remote sensing has resulted to the development of a vast number of image processing techniques applied to different types of EO data in performing flooded area mapping and damage assessment. When optical EO data is used for this purpose supervised image classification is regarded as one of the most widely exploited approaches employed for this purpose. In the present study we evaluated the use of different classifiers based on Artificial Neural Network (ANNs) in obtaining flooded area cartography and performing a damage assessment when those combined with optical multispectral data from Landsat TM. In this context, the inclusion of different spectral layers derived from the processing of the original TM bands for improving the estimation of the flooded area was explored. A flooding event occurred in 2010 in Evros river - located north of Greece - was used as a case study. Accuracy of ANN-derived flooded area estimates was based on the error matrix statistics but also statistical comparisons performed against corresponding estimates obtained from the Greek local authorities. Damage assessment was performed on the basis of land use/cover information derived from CORINE2000. Results generally evidenced the capability of the ANNs in obtaining cartography of the flooded area and in performing a flooding damage assessment when combined with the TM imagery. The inclusion of the additional spectral information showed variable results in terms of improving the accuracy of the flooded area extraction. From all scenarios examined, most accurate results in terms of flooded area mapping were obtained when the original TM spectral bands were combined with the Tasseled Cap additional bands. Keywords: flooded area mapping

  9. On the compatibility of a proposed explanation of the Pioneer anomaly with the cartography of the solar system

    CERN Document Server

    Ranada, Antonio F

    2009-01-01

    We analyze here the reasons why an explanation of the Pioneer anomaly proposed by the authors is fully compatible with the cartography of the solar system. First, this proposal posits that the phenomenon is an apparent acceleration, not a real one, caused by a progressive desynchronization of the astronomical and the atomic clock-times, after they had been synchronized at a previous instant. The desynchronization could be caused by a coupling between the background gravitation and the quantum vacuum. Therefore, the standard argument for the incompatibility of the Pioneer acceleration and the values of the planets' orbits radii cannot be applied. Second, this proposal gives exactly the same results for radar ranging observations as standard physics. Hence, it cannot be in conflict with the very precise cartography of the solar system determined by NASA's Viking mission. Otherwise stated, while this proposal predicts apparent changes in the velocities of the spaceships and in the frequencies of Doppler observat...

  10. Cartographies of the Voice: Storying the Land as Survivance in Native American Oral Traditions

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    Ivanna Yi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how Native places are made, named, and reconstructed after colonization through storytelling. Storying the land is a process whereby the land is invested with the moral and spiritual perspectives specific to Native American communities. As seen in the oral traditions and written literature of Native American storytellers and authors, the voices of indigenous people retrace and remap cartographies for the land after colonization through storytelling. This article shows that the Americas were storied by Native American communities long before colonial contact beginning in the fifteenth century and demonstrates how the land continues to be storied in the present as a method of decolonization and cultural survivance. The article examines manifestations of the oral tradition in multiple forms, including poetry, interviews, fiction, photography, and film, to demonstrate that the land itself, through storytelling, becomes a repository of the oral tradition. The article investigates oral narratives from precontact and postcolonial time periods and across numerous nations and geographical regions in the Americas, including stories from the Mayan Popol Vuh; Algonkian; Western Apache; Hopi; Haudenosaunee/Iroquois; and Laguna Pueblo stories; and the contemporary poetry and fiction of Joy Harjo (Mvskoke/Creek Nation and Leslie Marmon Silko (Laguna Pueblo.

  11. Cultural Landscapes in Historical Cartography: Landscape Gardens in the “Green” Bucharest of 1789

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    Gabriela OSACI-COSTACHE

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 18th century, Bucharest, the capital of Romania, was a “green” city (having large orchards, vineyards and even patches of wood, which apparently was in no need of landscape gardens. However, historical cartography and the written documents testify their existence. The study relies on large-scale historical maps (1:2000 – 1:7250, which were processed in a GIS Open Source Environment (QGIS software. The Purcel map (1789 shows the existence of eleven landscape gardens totalling an area of 8.63 ha. The retrieval of their exact location may serve as a starting point for a future web page meant to offer virtual travels and to bring back to light the old townscapes through paintings, vintage photos, testimonials of foreign travelers, documents, etc. All these can prove to be very useful for understanding the emotional geography of the old Bucharest, which arouses a particular interest, as shown by the results of a questionnaire applied on 134 subjects.

  12. Antigenic Cartography of H9 Avian Influenza Virus and Its Application to Vaccine Selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yue; Davidson, Irit; Fouchier, Ron; Spackman, Erica

    2016-05-01

    Vaccination is frequently used as a control method for the H9 subtype of low pathogenicity avian influenza virus (AIV), which is widespread in Asia and the Middle East. One of the most important factors for selecting an effective vaccine strain is the antigenic match between the hemagglutinin protein of the vaccine and the strain circulating in the field. To demonstrate the antigenic relationships among H9 AIVs, with a focus on Israeli H9 isolates, antigenic cartography was used to develop a map of H9 AIVs. Based on their antigenic diversity, three isolates from Israel were selected for vaccination-challenge studies: 1) the current vaccine virus, A/chicken/Israel/215/2007 H9N2 (Ck/215); 2) A/chicken/Israel/1163/2011 H9N2 (Ck/1163); and 3) A/ostrich/Israel/1436/2003 (Os/1436). A 50% infective dose (ID50) model was used to determine the effect of the vaccines on susceptibility to infection by using a standardized dose of vaccine. Sera collected immediately prior to challenge showed that Ck/215 was the most immunogenic, followed by Ck/1163 and Os/1436. A significant difference in ID50 was only observed with Ck/215 homologous challenge, where the ID50 was increased by 2 log 10 per bird. The ID50 for Ck/1163 was the same, regardless of vaccine, including sham vaccination. The ID50 for Os/1436 was above the maximum possible dose and therefore could not be established.

  13. Diffraction cartography: applying microbeams to macromolecular crystallography sample evaluation and data collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowler, Matthew W; Guijarro, Matias; Petitdemange, Sebastien; Baker, Isabel; Svensson, Olof; Burghammer, Manfred; Mueller-Dieckmann, Christoph; Gordon, Elspeth J; Flot, David; McSweeney, Sean M; Leonard, Gordon A

    2010-08-01

    Crystals of biological macromolecules often exhibit considerable inter-crystal and intra-crystal variation in diffraction quality. This requires the evaluation of many samples prior to data collection, a practice that is already widespread in macromolecular crystallography. As structural biologists move towards tackling ever more ambitious projects, new automated methods of sample evaluation will become crucial to the success of many projects, as will the availability of synchrotron-based facilities optimized for high-throughput evaluation of the diffraction characteristics of samples. Here, two examples of the types of advanced sample evaluation that will be required are presented: searching within a sample-containing loop for microcrystals using an X-ray beam of 5 microm diameter and selecting the most ordered regions of relatively large crystals using X-ray beams of 5-50 microm in diameter. A graphical user interface developed to assist with these screening methods is also presented. For the case in which the diffraction quality of a relatively large crystal is probed using a microbeam, the usefulness and implications of mapping diffraction-quality heterogeneity (diffraction cartography) are discussed. The implementation of these techniques in the context of planned upgrades to the ESRF's structural biology beamlines is also presented.

  14. Cartography of flood hazard by overflowing rivers using hydraulic modeling and geographic information system: Oued El Harrach case (North of Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. W. Astite

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is the management of flood risk through the use of cartography of flood hazards by overflowing rivers. This cartography is developed using modern simulation tools namely the hydraulic model (HECRAS as well as the Geographic Information System (ArcGis. The study concerns Oued El Harrach (North of Algeria surrounding area which has been subject to several floods causing significant human and material damage. This loss is a consequence of the use flood zones as habitats for people. This can be avoided in the future by use the mapping of the spatial extent of the flood hazard on the land of the Oued El Harrach. Hence the importance of the cartography developed in this study as an essential tool for decision makers in prevention, protection and management of flood risks.

  15. Mapping of methane from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, K. C.; Lim, H. S.; MatJafri, M. Z.

    2012-11-01

    Among all the greenhouse gases, methane is the most dynamic and abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. The global concentrations of atmospheric methane has increased more than doubled since pre-industrial times, with a current globally-averaged mixing ratio of ~ 1750 ppbv. Due to its high growth rate, methane brings significant effects on climate and atmospheric chemistry. There has a significant gap for variables between anthropogenic and natural sources and sinks of methane. Satellite observation of methane has been identified that it can provide the precise and accurate data globally, which sensitive to the small regional biases. We present measurements from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) included on the European environmental satellite ENVISAT, launched on 1st of March 2002. Main objective of this study is to examine the methane distribution over Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY level-3 data. They are derived from the near-infrared nadir observations of the SCIAMACHY at the University of Bremen through scientific WFM-DOAS retrieval algorithm version 2.0.2.Maps of time averaged (yearly, tri-monthly) methane was generated and analyzed over Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2003 using PCI Geomatica 10.3 image processing software. The maps show dry-air column averaged mixing ratios of methane (denoted XCH4). It was retrieved using the interpolation technique. The concentration changes within boundary layer at all altitude levels are equally sensitive through the SCIAMACHY near-infrared nadir observations. Hence, we can make observation of methane at surface source region. The results successfully identify the area with highest and lowest concentration of methane at Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY data. Therefore, the study is suitable to examine the distribution of methane at tropical region.

  16. Total ozone column distribution over peninsular Malaysia from scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography (SCIAMACHY)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, K. C.; Lim, H. S.; MatJafri, M. Z.

    2012-10-01

    Increasing of atmospheric ozone concentrations have received great attention around the whole because of its characteristic, in order to degrade air quality and brings hazard to human health and ecosystems. Ozone, one of the most pollutants source and brings a variety of adverse effects on plant life and human being. Continuous monitoring on ozone concentrations at atmosphere provide information and precautions for the high ozone level, which we need to be established. Satellite observation of ozone has been identified that it can provide the precise and accurate data globally, which sensitive to the small regional biases. We present measurements from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) included on the European environmental satellite ENVISAT, launched on 1st of March 2002. Main objective of this study is to examine the ozone distribution over Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY level-2 of total ozone column WFMD version 1.0 with spatial resolution 1° x 1.25°. Maps of time averaged (yearly, tri-monthly) ozone was generated and analyzed over Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2003 using PCI Geomatica 10.3 image processing software. It was retrieved using the interpolation technique. The concentration changes within boundary layer at all altitude levels are equally sensitive through the SCIAMACHY nearinfrared nadir observations. Hence, we can make observation of ozone at surface source region. The results successfully identify the area with highest and lowest concentration of ozone at Peninsular Malaysia using SCIAMACHY data. Therefore, the study is suitable to examine the distribution of ozone at tropical region.

  17. Mapping archaeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from Potaissa to Napoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORIN FODOREAN

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Mapping archeological sites using digital cartography. Roman settlements from potaissa to Napoca. We aim to analyze and correct several archaeological and historical data regarding some settlements included in an official document, issued by the Ministry of Culture from Romania, entitled the List of Historical Monuments (Lista Monumentelor Istorice / LMI. We focused our attention on the Roman road from Potaissa to Napoca, the main imperial road of Dacia. We described the route of the Roman road and corrected the old information in the list of historical monuments regarding the discoveries within the territory of the village of Aiton. Methodologically, we used data from the old literature, the modern Austro-Hungarian maps from the XVIIIth and the XIXth centuries, information from regional gazetteers and different journals. We aimed to offer new insights regarding the accurate location of these settlements and to debate upon the spatial relations of these settlements and their position within the landscape of Dacia. At the beginning of the study, we presented the present situation concerning the databases in Romania covering archaeological sites. The second part of our study discusses how the archaeological sites are recorded in the list of historical monuments. Then we offered several case studies This type of methodological approach will be applied in the future for other areas, in order to reconstruct the former landscape of the province of Dacia, as accurately as possible, using digital tools and modern maps. Our contribution also improved the quality of the data sets used for the topographical descriptions of archaeological sites in Romania.

  18. An empirically-derived taxonomy of interaction primitives for interactive cartography and geovisualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Robert E

    2013-12-01

    Proposals to establish a 'science of interaction' have been forwarded from Information Visualization and Visual Analytics, as well as Cartography, Geovisualization, and GIScience. This paper reports on two studies to contribute to this call for an interaction science, with the goal of developing a functional taxonomy of interaction primitives for map-based visualization. A semi-structured interview study first was conducted with 21 expert interactive map users to understand the way in which map-based visualizations currently are employed. The interviews were transcribed and coded to identify statements representative of either the task the user wished to accomplish (i.e., objective primitives) or the interactive functionality included in the visualization to achieve this task (i.e., operator primitives). A card sorting study then was conducted with 15 expert interactive map designers to organize these example statements into logical structures based on their experience translating client requests into interaction designs. Example statements were supplemented with primitive definitions in the literature and were separated into two sorting exercises: objectives and operators. The objective sort suggested five objectives that increase in cognitive sophistication (identify, compare, rank, associate, & delineate), but exhibited a large amount of variation across participants due to consideration of broader user goals (procure, predict, & prescribe) and interaction operands (space-alone, attributes-in-space, & space-in-time; elementary & general). The operator sort suggested five enabling operators (import, export, save, edit, & annotate) and twelve work operators (reexpress, arrange, sequence, resymbolize, overlay, pan, zoom, reproject, search, filter, retrieve, & calculate). This taxonomy offers an empirically-derived and ecologically-valid structure to inform future research and design on interaction.

  19. Cartography of memory in Chris Marker and W.G. Sebald: Notes about History, memory and maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Brito

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to approach the artists Chris Marker and W.G. Sebald, trying to determine and develop pervasive questions in their works: the construction of a historiographic discourse, the ambiguities of memory, the erratic movement of their characters and essayistic thinking. We have tried to draft some starting points to make possible the writing of a memory as a cartography, created through walking on the world and also through the collection of images and of stories that tell about lives that went astray in the mis-paths of History.

  20. O olhar da psicologia no abrigo: uma cartografia The eye of psychology on shelters: a cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília de Castro e Marques

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho investiga os modos de subjetivação em um núcleo de abrigos residenciais de proteção à infância e adolescência do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, buscando perceber as possibilidades de atuação da psicologia que propiciem a expansão da vida dos abrigados de modo singular e criativo. A cartografia foi utilizada como método de investigação, e assim traçou-se um mapa que contempla as instâncias individuais, coletivas e institucionais envolvidas na constituição desse território. Encontramos atravessamentos da lógica disciplinar que tende a produzir sujeitos massificados junto à exacerbação dos fenômenos contemporâneos de enfraquecimento de laços, enfraquecimento da função simbólica e enfraquecimento da reflexão tanto individual quanto coletiva, acompanhados de manifestações de violência. Perante essa realidade, as práticas de grupo mostraram-se uma estratégia potente por possibilitarem aos sujeitos a expressão coletiva de suas questões como uma alternativa a soluções individualizantes.The present study verifies the forms of subjectivity in a nucleus of residential shelters for protection of childhood and adolescence in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We aimed at grasping possible performances of psychology in the expansion of the lives of the sheltered youth in a singular and creative way. Cartography was used as an investigative method, and we drew a map considering the individual, the collective, and the institutional instances comprising this realm. We observed influences of the disciplinary logic that tends to produce stereotyped individuals, along with the exacerbation of contemporary phenomena such as the weakening of bonds, the weakening of symbolic functions, the weakening of both collective and individual reflection, followed by acts of violence. Facing this reality, the group exercises proved to be a strong strategy as they enabled the individuals to express their questions

  1. Cartografia do cuidado na saúde da gestante Cartography of healthcare for pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimunda Magalhães da Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Utilizou-se a cartografia como método para mapear a trajetória do cuidado à gestante no serviço da atenção básica. O campo de estudo foram nove Unidades Básicas de Saúde do Município de Juazeiro do Norte (CE. Participaram 15 mulheres que estavam entre 37 e 39 semanas de gestação, com as quais foram realizadas entrevistas nos meses de janeiro a junho de 2010. Os achados da cartografia foram descritos em etapas no fluxograma e revelaram lacunas no serviço do pré-natal, tais como o número reduzido da realização do exame da citologia oncótica e o déficit de atividades educativas. Observou-se, entretanto, certa resolubilidade na assistência à gestante, pois vários depoimentos demonstraram satisfação em relação ao serviço. A boa relação desenvolvida com o profissional foi o principal motivo que as levou a continuar o tratamento. Este fato reforça a importância do vínculo e do diálogo entre profissionais e gestantes para a adesão e sucesso do pré-natal.This work uses cartography as a method for mapping the trajectory of primary healthcare provided to pregnant women. The scope of the study comprises 9 Basic Healthcare Units located in the city of Juazeiro do Norte in the State of Ceará. In all, fifteen women in the 37th to 39th week of pregnancy were selected. Interviews were conducted with these women during the period from January to June 2010. The cartographic findings were depicted in stages in the flowchart, which exposed lacunas in prenatal healthcare, such as the low number of oncotic cytology exams conducted and the lack of educational counseling. Nevertheless, in the interviews, a significant number of pregnant women expressed satisfaction with the prenatal care provided. The good relationships developed between the healthcare professionals and the pregnant women were the main reason that led them to continue the treatment. This fact reinforces the importance of dialogue between these two actors for the

  2. 地图制图学在人文地理学中的应用及不足%Cartography inHuman Geography and Deficiencies in the Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜斌; 张谦舵; 郭映泽

    2014-01-01

    National Natural Science Foundation and the National Social Science Fund project , thematic maps , I get some experiences , combined with the analysis of the development of human geography in recent years , combined with the development of modern cartog-raphy, as well as modern cartography in the humanities geography in the application , said:cartography in geography application defi-ciencies.Cartography and Geography for the better development of science provide a theoretical basis .%参与国家自然科学基金项目和国家社会科学基金项目,在绘制专题图时,得到了些心得体会,结合分析近些年人文地理学的发展,并结合现代制图学的发展,以及现代制图学在人文地理学中的应用,指出地图制图学在人文地理应用中的不足。为地图制图学和人文地理学更好的发展提供理论依据。

  3. Paris dans la cosmographie universelle de François de Belleforest: cartographie et politique au temps des Guerres de religion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogvliet, M.

    2008-01-01

    Pour le public moderne la description de Paris dans la Cosmographie universelle, écrite par François de Belleforest et publiée en 1575, est probablement un ouvrage décevant : l’auteur reproduit d’autres textes et il s’occupe plus de l’historiographie que de la cartographie scientifique. Cependant, g

  4. 浅谈地图学发展的推动因素%The Push Factors of the Cartography' s Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯骏

    2012-01-01

    地图学的历史源远流长,在科技迅猛发展的今天,学习和了解地图学的发展历程和历史规律,对每个从事地图学专业的人员更好地把握未来测绘发展方向具有很好的作用.本文从军事战争推动、国家管理需要、工程建设需要、其他学科推动和艺术珍藏需要几个方面系统分析了地图学发展的推动因素,旨在从不同侧面反映地图学的发展历程,为地图学的传播和发展提供历史依据.%The long history of cartography in the rapid development of science and technology, learning and understanding the course of development of cartography and historical law on each cartography professional personnel to better grasp the future of surveying and mapping the direction of development have good inspirations. Driven from the military war, the national management needs, construction needs, and other disciplines to promote and art collection needs a few aspects of systems analysis Cartography motivating factor, aims reflects the research and application significance of cartography for map the spread and development of the school to provide a historical basis.

  5. Cartographie sémantico-lexicale et histoire des filiations étymologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Nicolas de Surmont

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: No presente artigo propomos um análise genético-morfológica do étimo cantio até a estabilização na forma chanson. Entre o baixo latim e o francês arcaico podemos observar hesitações gráficas de tal manera que uma confusão semântico-morfológica se criou entre as formas canso y chanson: a primera pode ser considerada como a forma occitana da segunda e não como um gênero poético independente. Esta hesitação gráfica comporta ambigüidades semânticas na Idade Média pelo menos. Neste artigo analisaremos as diferentes acepções da palavra chanson em um corpus de dicionários de língua francesa.Palavras-chave: Etimologia; francês arcaico; chanson; canso.Résumé: Dans le présent article nous proposerons une analyse de génétique morphologique partant de l’étymon cantio jusqu’à l’usage stabilisé de la forme chanson. Entre le bas latin et l’ancien français des hésitations graphiques sont observées de telle manière qu’une confusion sémantico-morphologique a existé entre les formes canso et chanson l’un pouvant n’être que la forme occitane de l’autre ou plutôt un genre poétique à part entière. Cette hésitation graphique comporte donc des ambiguïtés sémantiques, au Moyen-Âge du moins. En dressant une cartographie sémantique du lexème chanson, nous analyserons les différentes acceptions du mot dans un corpus de dictionnaires de langue française.Mots-clés: Étymologie; ancien français; chanson; canso.Resumen: En el presente artículo proponemos un análisis genético morfológico del etymon cantio hasta la estabilización en la forma chanson. Entre el bajo latín y el antiguo francés podemos observar hesitaciones gráficas de tal manera que una confusión semántica-morfológica se ha creado entre las formas canso y chanson la primera puede ser considerada como la forma occitana de la segunda y no como un género poético independiente. Esta hesitación gráfica comporta ambig

  6. Geodesy and cartography methods of exploration of the outer planetary systems: Galilean satellites and Enceladus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubarev, Anatoliy; Kozlova, Natalia; Kokhanov, Alexander; Oberst, Jürgen; Nadezhdina, Irina; Patraty, Vyacheslav; Karachevtseva, Irina

    elements of external orientation, provides new image processing of previous missions to outer planetary system. Using Photomod software (http://www.racurs.ru/) we have generated a new control point network in 3-D and orthomosaics for Io, Ganymede and Enceladus. Based on improved orbit data for Galileo we have used larger numbers of images than were available before, resulting in a more rigid network for Ganymede. The obtained results will be used for further processing and improvement of the various parameters: body shape parameters and shape modeling, libration, as well as for studying of the surface interesting geomorphological phenomena, for example, distribution of bright and dark surface materials on Ganymede and their correlations with topography and slopes [6]. Acknowledgments: The Ganymede study was partly supported by ROSKOSMOS and Space Research Institute under agreement № 36/13 “Preliminary assessment of the required coordinate and navigation support for selection of landing sites for lander mission “Laplace” and partly funding by agreement № 11-05-91323 for “Geodesy, cartography and research satellites Phobos and Deimos” References: [1] Nadezhdina et al. Vol. 14, EGU2012-11210, 2012. [2] Zhukov et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [3] Zubarev et al. International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, 4-8 March, 2013. [4] Lazarev et al. Izvestia VUZov. 2012, No 6, pp. 9-11 http://miigaik.ru/journal.miigaik.ru/2012/20130129120215-2593.pdf (in Russian). [5] Kokhanov et al. Current problems in remote sensing of the Earth from space. 2013. Vol. 10. No 4. pp. 136-153. http://d33.infospace.ru/d33_conf/sb2013t4/136-153.pdf (in Russian). [6] Oberst et al., 2013 International Colloquium and Workshop "Ganymede Lander: scientific goals and experiments", Space

  7. Education of geodesy and cartography at the School of Higher Education In National Economy In Kutno, Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sledzinski, Janusz

    2013-04-01

    School of Higher (university degree) Education in National Economy in Kutno is one of the rather younger university schools in Poland that were established in the last years of the XX century. It was founded in 1998, but the convenient location of Kutno in Central Poland seems to be a good opportunity for students coming from all parts of Poland. The School is continuously developed, number of faculties and new study directions and specialisations are steadily growing. The offer of the School include studies in the stationary, extra-mural and post-graduate systems in two Engineering (or licenciate) and M.Sc. levels. At the moment the geodesy and cartography is a part of the Faculty of Technical Sciences; students can chose one of three specialisations: 1.Economic geodesy, property and estate management, 2. Rural (agriculture) geodesy and property engineering and 3. Geoinformatic sciences.

  8. Antiquarianism, Patriotism and Empire: Transfers of the Cartography of The Travels of Anacharsis the Younger in Greece (1788-1811

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Tolias

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present an instance of cultural transfer within the field of late Enlightenment antiquarian cartography of Greece, examining a series of maps printed in French and Greek, in Paris and Vienna, between 1788 and 1811 and related to Abbé Barthélemy's Travels of Anacharsis the Younger in Greece. The case study analyses the alterations of the content of the work and the changes of its symbolic functions, alterations due first to the transferral of medium (from a textual description to a cartographic representation and next, to the successive transfers of the work in diverse cultural environments. The transfer process makes it possible to investigate some aspects of the interplay of classical studies, antiquarian erudition and politics as a form of interaction between the French and the Greek intelligentsia of the period.

  9. Lunar Cartography: Progress in the 2000S and Prospects for the 2010S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, R. L.; Archinal, B. A.; Gaddis, L. R.; Rosiek, M. R.

    2012-08-01

    products comprising over 220 Terabytes of image data. The processing of controlled map products from these data is as yet relatively limited. A substantial portion of the LOLA altimetry data have been subjected to a global crossover analysis, and local crossover analyses of Chang'e-1 LAM altimetry have also been performed. LRO NAC stereo digital topographic models (DTMs) and orthomosaics of numerous sites of interest have been prepared based on control to LOLA data, and production of controlled mosaics and DTMs from Mini-RF radar images has begun. Many useful datasets (e.g., DTMs from LRO WAC images and Kaguya Terrain Camera images) are currently uncontrolled. Making controlled, orthorectified map products is obviously a high priority for lunar cartography, and scientific use of the vast multinational set of lunar data now available will be most productive if all observations can be integrated into a single reference frame. To achieve this goal, the key steps required are (a) joint registration and reconciliation of the laser altimeter data from multiple missions, in order to provide the best current reference frame for other products; (b) registration of image datasets (including spectral images and radar, as well as monoscopic and stereo optical images) to one another and the topographic surface from altimetry by bundle adjustment; (c) derivation of higher density topographic models than the altimetry provides, based on the stereo images registered to the altimetric data; and (d) orthorectification and mosaicking of the various datasets based on the dense and consistent topographic model resulting from the previous steps. In the final step, the dense and consistent topographic data will be especially useful for correcting spectrophotometric observations to facilitate mapping of geologic and mineralogic features. We emphasize that, as desirable as short term progress may seem, making mosaics before controlling observations, and controlling observations before a single

  10. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - A Tool for Acquiring Spatial Data for Research and Commercial Purposes. New Course in the Geography and Cartography Curriculum in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeziorska, J.

    2014-04-01

    This paper describes the syllabus for the innovative course "Unmanned aerial observations of Terrain" introduced to the curriculum by the Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). It indicates the objectives of the new subject, its didactic purpose, methods used in the teaching process, specifications of teaching materials, and the knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire. Finally, it presents the content of the course and description of lesson units. The subject will be obligatory for graduate students majoring in Geography, who are participants in the Geoinformatics and Cartography Master's program. Thirty-eight hours in a summer semester has been earmarked for the course. That includes 30 hours of instructor-guided laboratory and fieldtrip work, and 8 hours of individual work. The course aims to prepare future geographers to conduct a multi-step process that includes defining the purpose of using UAV in light of the chosen research problem, preparation of the mission, flight execution; geoprocessing of acquired aerial imagery; generation of cartomertic final products, and analysis of outcomes in order to answer the initially asked research question. This comprehensive approach will allow students, future experts in the field of geoinformatics and cartography, to gain the skills needed to acquire spatial data using an UAV, process them, and apply the results of their analysis in practice.

  11. The global image of the Moon obtained by the Chang’E-1:Data processing and lunar cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The global lunar image of the first phase of Chinese Lunar Exploration Program is the first image that covered all over the surface of the Moon. It will serve as a critical foundation for succeeding exploration and scientific research. In this paper, the acquisition, characteristics, and data quality of Chang’E-1 CCD image data are described in detail. Also described are the methodology and procedure of data processing. According to rule of planetary cartography, the image data have been processed, geometrically corrected, and then mosaicked and merged in a scale of 1:2.5 million. The results of data processing and charting show that the image data of Chang’E-1 CCD and their geometric precision meet the demand of charting a map in the scale of 1:2.5 million. The relative geometric positioning precision of the global image is better than 240 m, and the absolute geometric positioning precision is slightly better than that of the ULCN2005 and Clementine lunar basemap (V2.0). The plane positioning precision is approximately 100-1500 m. This global image proves to be the best global image of the Moon so far in terms of space coverage, image quality, and positioning precision.

  12. Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaranta Herrero

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past twenty years, agricultural biotechnologies have generated chronically unresolved political controversies. The standard tool of risk assessment has proven to be highly limited in its ability to address the panoply of concerns that exist about these hybrid techno/organisms. It has also failed to account for both the conceptual and material networks of relations agricultural biotechnologies require, create and/or perform. This paper takes as a starting point that agricultural biotechnologies cannot be usefully assessed as isolated technological entities but need to be evaluated within the context of the broader socio-ecological system that they embody and engender. The paper then explores, compares and contrasts some of the methodological tools available for advancing this systems-based perspective. The article concludes by outlining a new synthesis approach of comparative cartographies of agri/cultures generated through multi-sited ethnographic case-studies, which is proposed as a way to generate system maps and enable the comparison of genetically modified (GM food with both conventional and alternative agri-food networks for sustainability assessment. The paper aims to make a unique theoretical and methodological contribution by advancing a systems-based approach to conceptualising and assessing genetically modified organisms (GMOs and proposing a synthesised methodology for mapping networks of relations across different agri/cultures.

  13. New geoscience techniques for Earth and planetary studies developed in Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayorov, Andrey; Karachevtseva, Irina; Oberst, Jürgen

    2015-04-01

    The University was established in 1779 and for all these years it has been the centre of higher geodetic education in Russia, the largest specialized educational institution of this profile in Europe. The great historical past, long pedagogical and scientific traditions developed throughout almost the two and a half centuries' history of the University, importance of geodetic sciences and land survey branch for many fields of knowledge and national economy, a wide range of specialties in which MIIGAiK trains specialists have given the University the leading position as a specialized higher educational institution [1]. Now, the University is a large educational-and-scientific and production complex including six faculties of full-time training, a faculty of distance learning, a Training Centre for teachers of high schools and retraining of experts, postgraduate and doctoral courses, educational specialized laboratories in various directions of geodesy, cartography and remote sensing. In the University structure, there are also research-and-production centers Geodynamics, Geomonitoring, a Center for satellite technologies in geodesy, a Cartographic centre, Geodesy and Air Photography Journal Publishing House, two educational test fields, computing centers, an educational-and-geodetic museum and a library. New MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory (MExLab) [2], which was established in 2010 under the leadership of invited scientist Prof. Dr. Jürgen Oberst (DLR, TUB, Germany), studies of characteristics of Solar System bodies with geodetic and cartographic methods. The several celestial bodies are chosen as subjects for new planetary project: Europa, Ganymede, Callisto (Galilean satellites of Jupiter), and Enceladus (a satellite of Saturn), as well as the Moon, Mars, its satellite Phobos, and Mercury. The significance of the project objectives is defined both by necessity of gaining fundamental knowledge about properties of the Solar System bodies, and practical needs

  14. The Baltic and the birth of a modern English maritime community: the Muscovy Company and nautical cartography, 1553-1665

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alistair Maeer

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available English merchants and navigators began developing their skills in the late sixteenth century to reach Baltic shores and in the process birthed a distinct English nautical charting tradition which continued to service and reflect English interests for over a century. Specifically, the efforts of the Muscovy Company and the emergence of a distinct master-apprentice relationship of chart makers within the Drapers’ Company instigated the emergence of a modern maritime community in England replete with the financial structures, ships, and skills necessary to encompass the globe. As a result of various setbacks in the late-sixteenth century, English merchants and mariners shifted from coastal trading ventures to direct long-distance overseas commerce. This transformation was initiated through the efforts of the Muscovy Company and its accompanying introduction of marine charts for navigating distant shores. The introduction and expansion of direct long-distance overseas trade and modern navigational techniques then spurred the creation of a domestic charting industry to service these English navigational needs, the Thames School of English marine charting. Born out of a close association with English commerce to the Baltic, members of the Thames School continued to produce nautical charts of the globe that reflected ever-expanding English interests until the early-eighteenth century. This paper argues that trade to and from the Baltic acted as a proving ground, the venue, within which both the origins of English long-distant overseas trade and nautical cartography emerged—two fundamentally necessary components for the Empire which followed.

  15. “Here Be Dragons:” The Tyranny of the Cityscape in James Baldwin’s Intimate Cartographies

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    Emma Cleary

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The skyline of New York projects a dominant presence in the works of James Baldwin—even those set elsewhere. This essay analyzes the socio-spatial relationships and cognitive maps delineated in Baldwin’s writing, and suggests that some of the most compelling and intense portrayals of New York’s psychogeographic landscape vibrate Baldwin’s text. In The Price of the Ticket (1985, Baldwin’s highly personalized accounts of growing up in Harlem and living in New York map the socio-spatial relationships at play in domestic, street, and blended urban spaces, particularly in the title essay, “Dark Days,” and “Here Be Dragons.” Baldwin’s third novel, Another Country (1962, outlines a multistriated vision of New York City; its occupants traverse the cold urban territory and struggle beneath the jagged silhouette of skyscrapers. This essay examines the ways in which Baldwin composes the urban scene in these works through complex image schemas and intricate geometries, the city’s levels, planes, and perspectives directing the movements of its citizens. Further, I argue that Baldwin’s dynamic use of visual rhythms, light, and sound in his depiction of black life in the city, creates a vivid cartography of New York’s psychogeographic terrain. This essay connects Baldwin’s mappings of Harlem to an imbricated visual and sonic conception of urban subjectivity, that is, how the subject is constructed through a simultaneous and synaesthetic visual/scopic and aural/sonic relation to the city, with a focus on the movement of the body through city space.

  16. Research and Development Work Carried out by the Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Measurement and Control Systems, Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography WUT - Thematic Scope and Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Edward; Malarski, Ryszard; Prószyński, Witold; Sadowska, Alicja; Woźniak, Marek; Zaczek-Peplinska, Janina

    2016-06-01

    Geodetic engineering surveys are an important part of the works carried out by the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology. These works concern measurement techniques as well as advanced result analysis methods applied in precise industrial surveys and in processes controlling object's behaviour over time. The thematic scope of research realised by Chair of Engineering Geodesy and Control-Measuring Systems shows that article related to geodetic engineering measurements and geodetic monitoring is carried out with high intensity, resulting in technological advancement and implementation of new or improved measurement solutions and methods of measurement result development.

  17. Cartography of Architectural Controversies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lotz, Katrine

    2010-01-01

    or the office. The paper consists of investigations into such a stance. It is based on empiric studies, readings in architectural theory and applied actor-network theory. Furthermore the paper draws on recent examples of teaching practices pursuing this theme at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, School...

  18. Cartography of Selce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Lončarić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cartographic representations, both contemporary or old maps and plans, are extraordinary sources of spatial information. They contain spatial, historical, toponomastic, economical, ethnical and numerous other data important for understanding the entire development of an area. Although Selce has not been inhabited for as long as some surrounding settlements because the contemporary settlement of Selce originates from the second half of the 14th century, it still has a quite interesting development history with an early ascent of tourist activities within both Croatian and European frames. Cartographic representations reviewed in this paper help illuminate historical changes and compare them to the current state in space.

  19. Cartography for Martian Trojans

    CERN Document Server

    Tabachnik, S A

    1999-01-01

    The last few months have seen the discovery of a second Martian Trojan (1998 VF31), as well as two further possible candidates (1998 QH56 and 1998 SD4). Together with the previously discovered Martian satellite 5261 Eureka, these are the only known possible solar system Trojan asteroids not associated with Jupiter. Here, maps of the locations of the stable Trojan trajectories of Mars are presented. These are constructed by integrating an ensemble of in-plane and inclined orbits in the vicinity of the Martian Lagrange points for between 25 million and 60 million years. The survivors occupy a band of inclinations between 15 degrees and 40 degrees and longitudes between 240 degrees and 330 degrees at the L5 Lagrange point. Around the L4 point, stable Trojans inhabit two bands of inclinations (15 degrees < i < 30 degrees and 32 degrees < i < 40 degrees) with longitudes restricted between 25 degrees and 120 degrees. Both 5261 Eureka and 1998 VF31 lie deep within one of the stable zones, which suggests ...

  20. Terrestrial and Celestial Cartography,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-05-01

    Arizona, Tucson, 1972) 69. Thirteen-Color Photometry of 1380 Bright Stars. H. L. Johnson, and R. I. Mitchell, Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica...1. 299 (1975) 90. A New Michelson Spec trophotometer System. H. L. Johnson, Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, 2, 219 (1977) 91. An Atlas...of Stellar Spectra. I. H. L. Johnson. Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, 2, 71 (1977) 92. An Atlas of Stellar Spectra. II. H. L. Johnson

  1. Information Sources and Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes Internet information sources divided into following three groups: bibliographic databases, citation databases and databases with full texts including electronic journals. Bibliographic databases Bibliographia Cartographica, GEOPHOKA, Scopus and Current Contents (CC are analyzed concerning cartographic content representation. Searching the Current Contents database resulted in data about cartographers with more than 10 papers in CC journals. According to the Web of Science citation database, data are given about the most cited cartographers in papers published during the period between 1955 and the end of 2008 on the condition that each paper was cited at least once between 2000 and 2008. Data are also given about two most cited cartographic papers in the last 50 years. The PERO browser (web service of the Ruđer Bošković Institute was used to make a list of cartographic and related electronic journals and electronic versions of printed journals with full text available to Croatian academic and scientific community.

  2. Post-representational cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob Kitchin

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the past decade there has been a move amongst critical cartographers to rethink maps from a post-representational perspective – that is, a vantage point that does not privilege representational modes of thinking (wherein maps are assumed to be mirrors of the world and automatically presumes the ontological security of a map as a map, but rather rethinks and destabilises such notions. This new theorisation extends beyond the earlier critiques of Brian Harley (1989 that argued maps were social constructions. For Harley a map still conveyed the truth of a landscape, albeit its message was bound within the ideological frame of its creator. He thus advocated a strategy of identifying the politics of representation within maps in order to circumnavigate them (to reveal the truth lurking underneath, with the ontology of cartographic practice remaining unquestioned.

  3. CARTOGRAPHIES OF ONE’S SCHOOL EXPERIENCE: sense of place an “geographicity” in geography teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Pontes Galvão Filho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From the experience of working with the sense of place and with “geographicity” in middle school, specifically with year niner's classes, we intend, in the present text, to discuss the possibilities and potencialities of working with an existencial geography at the school. For instance, the production of an affective map, the project "Cartographies of one's School Experience" have allowed pedagogic and didactic experimentations for the students to recognise qualitatively the spaces within the school from the perspective of their own experiences. Differently from the geometric space – neutral and indifferent - the geographical spaces have colour, density, height and appear to oneself from one's own experience, memories, remembrances and expectations. Moreover, these spaces are strictly related to the essence and ways of being-in-the-world. The main aim is that the student recognises himself/herself within the spaces; within places that attract or repel them in different intensities. Additionally, it aims to enhance the making of a school geography that brings together the earth (nature and the human element in an ontologic intersubjectivity in order to strengthen the student's efforts towards an autonomous academic development A partir da experiência de trabalhar o sentido de lugar e a geograficidade em aulas de Geografia no nono ano, pretende-se discutir neste texto as possibilidades e potencialidades de trabalhar uma geografia existencial no ensino de Geografia. Nosso objetivo é contribuir com a discussão acerca do papel da Geografia na educação contemporânea, apontando a abordagem fenomenológica como um caminho possível e ainda pouco explorado. A elaboração de um mapa afetivo, uma “Cartografia da Experiência Escolar”, permitiu experimentações didáticas e pedagógicas para que alunos reconhecessem qualitativamente os espaços da escola a partir das suas próprias experiências. Diferentemente do espaço geométrico

  4. Les défis théoriques posés à la cartographie mènent à la cognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaïves Ferland

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available "L'image est non pas une illusion du savoir, au même titre et dans les mêmes proportions qu'elle est une illusion du réel,mais un moyen supplémentaire d'appréhender le réel,un moyen complémentaire de constituer un savoir."Jean FELLER, journaliste et communicologue Introduction en cri d’alarme Deux phénomènes fondamentaux ont marqué le développement de la cartographie comme discipline scientifique depuis la décennie de 1960. Cependant, plutôt que de se renforcer mutuellement, l’effort théoriqu...

  5. L'apport de la sémiologie graphique de Jacques Bertin a la cartographie pour l’aménagement et l'urbanisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Steinberg

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie d'aide à la décision en aménagement et urbanisme s'est beaucoup développée au cours des trente dernières années : cartes et plans réglementaires, d'occupation et d'utilisation du sol, des aptitudes et contraintes des territoires, de l'environnement et des risques naturels et technologiques, etc... Elle a suivi de près la floraison des études et recherches scientifiques ou opérationnelles menées un peu partout dans le monde pour faire face aux problèmes d'aménagement du territo...

  6. Télédétection et cartographie à petite échelle des paysages de la France de l’Ouest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent DUBREUIL

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available Les images des satellites NOAAAVHRR sont utilisées dans le but d’établir une cartographie détaillée des paysages ruraux dans la France de l’Ouest. Douze images de 1985 à 1990 représentant l’indice de végétation NDVI ont été sélectionnées. Une analyse discriminante pas à pas permet de classer les pixels de l’image en fonction de 16 échantillons choisis comme représentatifs des types de paysages et des régions agricoles de l’Ouest. Les limites des classes ainsi obtenues sont fort comparables aux cartes communales thématiques d’utilisation du sol des atlas régionaux.

  7. “Gentlemen in the North of Scotland” or Military and the Ethnic Cartography of the “The Highland Problem”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malkin Stanislav Gennadyevich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the views of the British Military responsible for the pacification of the Scotland Highlands in the first half of the XVIIIth century. The material deals with the representation, interpretation and use of ethnographic information about rebellious country in the process of its ethnic cartography. The article analyses the rhetoric strategies of the texts by the Military and their aims, role and consequences. The author studies the Highland Problem on the basis of data collected by Captain Edward (Edmund Burt and Captain John Barlow in the Highlands of Scotland (taking into account the features of data accumulation process on this subject before and after the last Jacobite Rebellion 1745–1746. The author analyses this material according to the following guides: the evidence provided by most famous commentators on the Scotland Highlands state and on the Highland Problem in particular, the traditions of analyzing official and non-official documentary on the Highland Problem, the sense of active corporative unity that was spread among the militaries during the first half of the XVIIIth century and colonial issues and policies on other imperial margins. The author makes conclusion that the data collected and arranged by captains Burt and Barlow was not sufficient for their research results and rather represented the idea of ideal Highlands of Scotland which should be brought to life after strong social reorganization. Construction of ethnographic situations, invention of ethnographic traditions and search for the possible limits of knowledge about the Highlanders and the Highlands served to make empirical issues more concrete from the administrative point of view and up to the new level of colonial knowledge. In such circumstances ethnic cartography was used to integrate military and political geography and administrative ethnography of the Highland Problem solution.

  8. Method for Solving the Gap Problem in Forestry Cartography with ArcGIS Software%基于ArcGIS软件的林业制图中面层缝隙处理方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建波

    2009-01-01

    The reasons for gap occurrence in forestry cartography using ArcGIS 9 were analyzed, the methods for checking and removing the gap in cartography were described. It was suggested that the software user should cultivate good habit, in the course of feature selection, using the tool of "selected by features" instead of "edit" could significantly decrease the occurrence of gap.%分析了基于ArcGIS 9软件的林业制图中出现面层缝隙的原因,对面层缝隙的检查和去除方法进行了论述,建议软件使用者养成良好的制图习惯,在选择要素时尽量不使用"编辑"工具,而是用"选自要素"工具则可极大地减少面层缝隙的产生.

  9. 流域径流离散处理和提取算法研究%Study on Gradual-Change Protract of Rivers in Small Scaled Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斌兵; 晁阳

    2011-01-01

    通过对流域进行离散处理,从集合论角度出发,将流域看成"点"的集合,对流域进行离散化处理,在其上对流域源点、交汇点、出口点、单径流及复合径流各流域要素进行约束和定义,提出并实现了算法.该算法基于流域水文模拟方法,较好地解决了流域出口点和环流判别问题,使追踪出的径流更符合实际,具有简单、高效、实用的特点.根据算法设计开发了软件系统,并且应用到黄土丘陵沟壑区小流域分布式水文和侵蚀预报模型中,取得了较好的模拟效果.%It is technologically difficult that the automatic gradual change drawing of rivers in the small scale cartography. For the impractical of the status quo,a gradual change drawing algorithm of river based on treelike structure is put forward in this paper. After a thorough study of the complex structure of river,a treelike structure of rivers and its constructing methods is introduced, and also its searching method of main stream and branch of a river in network structure, the flow of the river, the process of area water. After complement the up and downstream part of the river that is out of the map, the making of the small-scale map is realized based on further development of MapGIS. The results indicate that this algorithm greatly reduces the manual intervention in the river gradual change cartography process as well as improving the platting efficiency.

  10. Cartographie de l’érosion hydrique en zone montagneuse : cas du bassin versant des Aït Bou Goumez, Haut Atlas, Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abaoui, J.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail présente la cartographie de l’érosion hydrique en zones montagneuses (Haute Atlas, Maroc en se basant sur trois facteurs principaux : la friabilité du substratum rocheux, le degré de pente et la densité du couvert végétal. La carte du potentiel érosif est obtenue par la somme d’indices attribués aux couches thématiques (la friabilité du substratum rocheux, le degré de la pente et la densité du couvert végétal multipliés par le pourcentage de contribution de chaque facteur. Dans un environnement de SIG, les pourcentages de contribution ont été obtenus par itération en se référant à la réalité de terrain. Les pourcentages 50%, 30% et 20% retenus correspondent respectivement à la friabilité du substratum, le degré de la pente et la densité du couvert végétal. Ce travail peut être utilisé pour cartographier le potentiel érosif dans d’autres bassins versant du Haut Atlas central qui présentent des faciès géologiques, une topographie et un couvert végétal similaires à la zone des Aït Bou Goumez.El objetivo de este trabajo es la realizacion de la cartografía de erosión hídrica en zonas montañosas (Alto Atlas, Marruecos, basándose sobre tres principales factores: la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegetal. El mapa del potencial erosivo se obtiene por la suma de índices relativos a las capas temáticas (la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegeta multiplicado por los porcentajes de contribución de cada factor. Estos porcentajes se han obtenido por iteración refériéndose a la realidad del terreno. Los porcentajes 50%, 30% y 20% retenidos corresponden respectivamente a la friabilidad del sustrato litológico, el buzamiento y la densidad de la coberteza vegetal. Este trabajo puede ser utilizado para cartografiar el potencial erosivo en otras cuencas de drenaje del Alto Atlas central que

  11. 基于规则库的目视航图自动化制图%Automatic cartography for VFR aeronautical charts based on rule database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文元; 许妙忠

    2011-01-01

    本文提出了一种基于规则库的目视航图自动化制图技术,详细阐述了基于规则的要素自动综合取舍、自动符号化、注记自动配置的实现方法.基于GIS COM组件开发了一个目视航图制图原型系统,通过对规则库中各种规则的配置、管理和调用,可方便快捷地制作出目视航图产品.%An automatic cartography method for VFR aeronautical charts based on rule database was introduced in this paper, and three key technologies based on rules were illustrated, including the automatization of cartographic generalization, feature symbolization and annotation placement Based on GIS Components, a prototype system of making VFR charts was developed, which could be used to make VFR aeronautical charts conveniently and quickly with the help of various pre-configured rules in rule database.

  12. The use of new technology in teaching geography in the EHEA. The subjects of Social and Economic Geography, Cartography and Photointerpretation, and GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Pallarès

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Over the last five years, the Autonomous University of Barcelona's Geography Department studies have undergone a series of structural changes. Adaptation to an online system has led to a structural change in the way in which knowledge is disseminated and materials produced, and the application of the so-called Bologna Process (adaptation to the European Higher Education Area, EHEA has brought with it the need to change certain habits in the way knowledge is disseminated, a new credit transfer system (ECTS and skills-based training. The Department has taken part in a pilot test project initiated by the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB. In this period of change, we are simultaneously offering three teaching systems: the traditional system, in line with the study plan from 2002; the Bologna Process system, started in 2005-2006, and the online system, which was started in the academic year 2001-2002 and which does not form part of the Bologna Process. Two or three years from now, there will be two systems, face-to-face and online, both of which are to be adapted to the Bologna Process. This article looks to show what these changes have meant, in terms of the experience in subjects we teach (Cartography and Photointerpretation, Social and Economic Geography and Geographic Information Systems, which provides the basis for a discussion of the pros and cons of adaptation of Geogr@phy Online and to the Bologna Process.

  13. Thoughts on Stock Map Cartography with Calculating Software%利用计算机软件编制林相图的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆蓉

    2009-01-01

    The stock map cartography process using computer software include data preparation and input, layer editing and analysis, inquiry and indexing, illustrating data and layer using ArcMap software, map decoration and layer output. It is pointed out that accurate collection and connection of data, and map decoration are two very important parts which are easily ignored.%利用计算机软件编制林相图的操作方法与步骤包括:数据准备与输入,图层编辑分析、查询与索引,利用ArcMap软件对数据和图层分类显示以及图幅整饰和图层输出等.在整个制图过程中,最重要且容易忽略的部分是数据库的准确采集和挂接以及图幅的整体修饰.

  14. A Discussion and Reformation Analysis of the Teaching Method of Cartography in Colleges and Universities%高校地图学课程教学方法探讨与改革分析1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马士彬; 张美竹; 代稳; 杨洪

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses and analuzes teaching students majoring in geographic scince the course of car-tography in colleges and universities.According to the analysis, we come to the following conclusions:there are problems such as insufficient teaching resources, inappropriate course structure and confused teaching aims in teaching students majoring in geographic science the course of cartography. In order to finish the teaching it is necessary to take the teaching materials in senior schools and thematic maps as an example. Stu-dents should obtain some professional knowledge such as advanced algebra and probability statistics before they study the course of cartography which could servr geographic courses better and it would be well to make it begin before second semester.%通过分析认为:高校地理科学专业地图学教学普遍存在教学资源不足、课程结构不合理、教学目的混淆、教学资源匮乏等问题。地理科学专业地图学教学应该以高中教材涉及专题图为实例完成教学,学生应在具备了高等代数、概率统计等专业基础知识后开设地图学,并服务于地理专业课程,具体应安排在大学二年级以前开设。

  15. Project-based learning approach of cartography course based on self-regulation of learning%基于自主学习的地图学PBL教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江畅; 原立峰; 张海涛

    2011-01-01

    研究在地图学课程教学过程中,将传统教学方法和PBL教学方法相结合,设计以任务为驱动的自主学习环节,并通过实证分析学牛对不同教学方法的接受程度、在PBL教学方法中所存在问题以及适宜于PBL教学模式的考评方式.研究表明,地图学教学应改变原有的教学模式,在传统教学模式的基础上,结合PBL教学方法逐步开展.%With combination of the traditional teaching methods and PBL approach in the cartography course, the thesis constructs the self-regulation of learning projects. By an empirical study the thesis analyzes the acceptance of the different teaching methods and the problems existing in the PBL teaching approach, examination methods which suit for the PBL teaching mode. It is suggested that cartography teaching method should be changed and developed gradually combined with PBL teaching approach based on the traditional teaching methods.

  16. Cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación Cartografias contemporâneas da pesquisa Contemporary Cartographies of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etna Castaño-Giraldo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone, desde una aproximación singular y estética, algunos rasgos para comprender los procesos de formación. Por otra parte, explora ciertas cartografías contemporáneas de la investigación. Articula pensamientos filosóficos del arte, desde donde se va componiendo una relación entre la perspectiva vital y problemática respecto a la composición de las subjetividades y a los modos de relación con el mundo. Teje relaciones entre las prácticas artísticas y pedagógicas, y busca acentuar, en la dimensión existencial y humana, aspectos que creemos que están al margen de los debates actuales educativos y pedagógicos.Neste artigo expõem-se, com uma abordagem singular e estética, alguns aspectos que permitem compreender os processos de formação. Também se exploram algumas cartografias de pesquisa; articulam-se pensamentos filosóficos da arte, desde onde se compõe uma relação entre a perspectiva vital e problemática respeito da composição das subjetividades e os modos de relacionar-se com o mundo; tece relações entre as práticas artísticas e pedagógicas; e procura enfatizar, na dimensão existencial e humana, aspectos que estão à margem dos debates educativos e pedagógicos atuais.This article takes a singular and esthetic look at a variety of features to understand educational processes, in addition to exploring certain contemporary cartographies of research. It articulates philosophical ideas about art, ranging from the development of a relationship between the vital and problematic perspective in terms of the composition of subjectivities, to the ways of relating to the world. It weaves ties between artistic and teaching practices and seeks to emphasize, in the existential and human dimension, the aspects we believe are still at the sidelines of the current debate on education and teaching.

  17. Cartography of Controversies about MOOCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalid, Md. Saifuddin; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2015-01-01

    studies (STS) discipline. The method guides the application of actor network theory (ANT). Online digital media and tools (namely, Scopus, ScienceScape, Google trends, OpenHeatMap, NodeXL, Gephi, Facebook, Twitter) are used for data collection and analysis. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative...

  18. Thematic cartography in Tigrai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marini, A.; Melis, Maria T.

    1994-12-01

    Tigre Province is in northern Ethiopia between Eritrea on the north and east, and Begemdir and Wollo on the south. The area is comprised of five main physiographic units: Danakil Depression, Escarpment, Tigre and Eritrea Plateau, Semien Mountains and the Western Lowlands. The first two drain into the closed drainage basin of Dallol whilst the other three drain into the Nilo Through the Tezeke, Mareb and Barka River. Three main rock complexes build up the prospect area. The metamorphic and intrusive rocks of the Precambrian basement, the Paleozoic-Mesozoic Sediments and Tertiary Trap Volcanics, and the Young Sedimentary and Volcanic Rocks of the Danakil Depression. The only existing geological data on this area is represented by maps assembled from different sources on very large scale. Thanks to interactive computer processing, it is becoming possible to trace, on the relief as it appears on the display unit, lithological boundaries and the faults which affect them, measuring each of their geometric characteristics. Image processing coupled with pattern recognition programs has made it possible to take into consideration landscape units combining morphological, botanical and geological signatures, and more generally to quantify the morphological elements. Satellite images (Landsat TM and Spot XS) have been processed to produce thematic maps.

  19. LANDS CARTOGRAPHY: A MESOAMERICAN HERITAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pájaro Huertas

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Land maps, like prehispanic mesoamerican maps, do notuse Euclidean projections, which are based on ahumanistic or social projection. The spatial reality inthese maps is defined and structured by socialrelationships. Thus, a land map represents a communityshowing its territory and history, and not only an area likein conventional technical maps. A land map is a“communicentric projection” of the “egocentricperception” of the peasant, and can be defined as theprojection in graphic symbols of the spatial relationshipsabstracted from the knowledge available in cognitivemaps of the environments known by the peasant, ratherthan the result of sophisticated techniques, such as thoseused in soil surveys or remote perception.

  20. Genome cartography through domain annotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponting, C P; Dickens, N J

    2001-01-01

    The evolutionary history of eukaryotic proteins involves rapid sequence divergence, addition and deletion of domains, and fusion and fission of genes. Although the protein repertoires of distantly related species differ greatly, their domain repertoires do not. To account for the great diversity of domain contexts and an unexpected paucity of ortholog conservation, we must categorize the coding regions of completely sequenced genomes into domain families, as well as protein families.

  1. Interactions of Culture and Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyner, Judith A.

    1987-01-01

    Examines the function of maps in forming images of the world. States that maps are subjective, inaccurate portrayals of the earth in that they exhibit the biases of their makers and hence their cultures. Recommends viewing several maps or different projections to become aware of strengths and limitations of map types. Includes suggested teaching…

  2. Cartography – morphology – topology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dinesen, Cort Ross; Peder Pedersen, Claus

    2010-01-01

    I 2004 a Summer School was established on the Greek island of Hydra. The was to be the basis of research-based morphological and topological studies, which have since taken place for 4 weeks of every year. Starting with Hydra’s topography different ways of considering topology were developed....... The work was approached from a new angle every year through a series of associated questions, resulting in an extensive body of drawings describing the various discourses raised. The developed observational forms reflected in the collected body of drawings constitute a topological landscape with a great...... and developing topological emergence as a passage between cartographic appropriation and creative becoming while simultaneously lifting the material out of its mimetic reference, makes room for the of a movement towards a production of meaning as well as a basis for initiating architectonic practices. We seek...

  3. Cartography and Geoinformation in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Petrovič

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Slovenia became independent in 1991, it quickly started building its own map system and spatial databases. A system of national and military topographic, general and other maps, and various geo-databases was established in the last 10 years by management of the Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Slovenia and in cooperation with the Ministry of Defence. The transfer from analogous to digital form was also executed. In the last several months, most of the work was devoted to data access, and the greatest task for the future is to establish a system for data updating. 

  4. Potentiel des images satellitaires multibandes a haute resolution spatiale pour la cartographie des componsants de l'eau en milieu cotier marin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Andre

    L'objectif principal que que nous poursuivons est de developper un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif eau-atmosphere adapte aux observations faites par le capteur Thematic Mapper (TM) de Landsat. Les informations que nous cherchons ont trait au milieu cotier marin et concernent les elements qui sont en suspension dans l'eau. Les images multibandes du capteur TM dans la partie visible du spectre, sont surtout visees par nos travaux. A la base de la simulation, nous utilisons un programme de simulation atmospherique, le code 6S, auquel nous greffons un modele de simulation du transfert radiatif dans la masse d'eau. Ce dernier estime le signal en fonction de 4 composants: l'eau, les pigments chlorophylliens (chlorophylle et phaeopigments), les matieres minerales et les substances organiques dissoutes. La concentration des differents composants sert de parametre d'entree pour definir le comportement optique de la masse d'eau. Le modele permet egalement de simuler une masse d'eau stratifiee si l'on connai t les concentrations des composants dans les differentes couches. Il inclut aussi la contribution du fond, selon sa nature et sa composition, ainsi que celle du miroitement du soleil et du ciel a la surface de l'eau. Les informations d'un echantillonnage de la masse d' eau synchronise avec le passage du satellite, a la baie des Chaleurs, d'une cartographie du couvert d'algues et d'un modele bathymetrique ont ete utilisees pour fixer les parametres de simulation par le modele. La comparaison montrent que le modele se comporte relativement bien surtout dans la bande TM2. Une erreur systematique de 2 valeurs numeriques en moyenne subsiste dans les trois bandes spectrales. Les resultats nous montrent que la visibilite du fond aux faibles profondeurs est un element tres important a considerer. Par ailleurs, l'analyse de sensibilite montre que les images TM sont plus sensibles aux concentrations en matieres minerales qu'aux pigments chlorophylliens et aux substances

  5. Une école pour des universitaires placés aux marges de l’expertise : les années trente et la cartographie géographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Claire Robic

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available L’Ecole de cartographie de l’Université de Paris s’ouvrit en novembre 1934, après quelques années de négociations durant lesquelles Emmanuel de Martonne (Photo 1, grand "patron" du tout nouvel Institut de géographie, réussit à faire adopter son idée : former à l’Université des cartographes-géographes tournés vers l’application de leur savoir-faire. Quels objectifs visait-il ? Pouvait-il faire face concurremment à l’émergence d’une recherche universitaire, à l’ouverture d’une consommation de ...

  6. Mobilizing the cartographic paradox: tracing the aspect of cartography and prospect of cinema/Mobilizando o paradoxo cartográfico: traçando o aspecto na cartografia e o prospecto no cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Lukinbeal

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the contrast and challenge of cinematic cartographies may lie in querying what John Pickles (2004, p.89 calls the “cartographic paradox.” The cartographic paradox is that linear perspective and projectionism inform cartographic practice. Yet, these two scopic regimes are both complementary and contradictory. The cartographic paradox has been mobilized by montage, animation and motion pictures. The penultimate technology of linear perspective is cinema, whereas the penultimate technology of projectionism is GIS and animated cartography. I argue that understanding the mobilization of these scopic regimes may lead to the production of affective geovisualizations. A compreensão do contraste e do desafio das cartografias cinemáticas pode residir na indagação do que John Pickles (2004, p.89 chama de “o paradoxo cartográfico.” O paradoxo cartográfico é que a perspectiva linear e o projecionismo informam a prática cartográfica. Contudo, estes dois regimes de visão são complementares e contraditórios. O paradoxo cartográfico tem sido mobilizado pela montagem e a animação de imagens em movimento. A penúltima tecnologia da perspectiva linear é o cinema, enquanto que a penúltima tecnologia do projecionismo é o SIG e a animação cartográfica. Discuto neste artigo que compreender a mobilização destes regimes de visão pode conduzir à produção de geovisualizações afetivas.

  7. 唐代贾耽的地理(地图)著述及其地图学成绩再评价%Jia Dan’s Geographical(Cartographic)works and its achievement in Chinese cartography history

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁超

    2012-01-01

    对唐代贾耽的地理(地图)著述的名目进行辨析,分析了"关中陇右及山南九州等图"、《九州图》、《海内华夷图》之间的关系,以及别录与通录的区别。指出《九州图》、《海内华夷图》是贾耽国图撰修总体事业在不同历史阶段的总称。并从地图学传统、方志学传统入手,探讨了贾耽地理(地图)著述的性质,对其中的地图学成绩进行了重新评价,进而从"近意就实,依稀像真"分析了贾耽地图学的滞后性,指出"古墨今朱"应只是文字注记的区别,并非通过图形绘制表达古今地理要素的差异,由此审视了中国古代地图史上图形绘制与文字注记的关系。%the paper discusses the items of Jia Dan’s Geographical(Cartographic)works in different historical documents, analyzing the relations between Jiuzhou map and Hainei Huayi Map, and the difference between Tonglu and Bielu. Jiuzhou map and Hainei Huayi Map are both the name for Jia Dan’s national mapmaking project in different periods. The academic origin and development of Jia Dan’s geographical(cartographic)works are cartography and local chronicles. The paper analyzes the backwardness in Jia Dan’s national maps, approaching the true meaning of Gumo Jinzhu method (the past print in black and the present print in red) in his mapmaking. Finally, the paper discusses the relation between figure and text in Chinese ancient cartography history.

  8. THE CARTOGRAPHY IN STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENT: BILINGUAL PRACTICE AIMING INCLUSION OF DEAF STUDENTS A CARTOGRAFIA NOS ESTUDOS DO MEIO AMBIENTE: POR UMA PRÁTICA BILINGUE VISANDO A INCLUSÃO DOS ALUNOS SURDOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Salge Araújo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding that teaching Geography to Deaf students through to the field visual-spatial and off course, the appreciation of their mother language, the Brazilian Sing Language, that study aiming to discuss and develop activities of Geography focusing on the characteristics of that language. Therefore, starting from the Cartography and all diverse applicability, this study sought to sharpen the student’s perception about the lived space. The conditions of urban neighborhood linked to the importance of space and interpret the various events that surround us. Finally, using games, images and fields works with a group of Deaf students, we compose a sequence teaching that we call: The Urban Environmental Problems: From the world to my school.Por entender que o ensino ao aluno Surdo perpassa pelo campo viso-gestual e, especialmente, pela valorização da sua língua materna, a Língua Brasileira de Sinais, é que este trabalho objetivou a discussão e elaboração de atividades de Geografia centradas nas características lingüísticas e didáticas destes alunos. Portanto, partindo-se da Cartografia e de suas diversas aplicabilidades, este trabalho procurou aguçar a percepção dos alunos acerca do espaço vivido. Considerando a área em que se localiza a escola, elegemos os problemas ambientais urbanos como eixo temático. Sendo assim, através de atividades, jogos, imagens e trabalho de campo com uma turma de alunos Surdos, arquitetaram-se as seqüências didáticas que chamamos de Os Problemas Ambientais Urbanos: Do mundo à minha escola.

  9. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922 Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922 Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con base en el fondo cartográfico de Charles Perron y Élisée Reclus. Reconstruimos esta experiencia a través del análisis de fuentes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando la relación entre geografía y educación popular, y el papel de la cartografía en las concepciones científicas de estos geógrafos.This paper deals with the foundation of the Cartographic Museum of Geneva, open from 1907 to 1922 and based on the cartographic collection of Charles Perron and Élisée Reclus. We reconstruct this experience by the analysis of edited and unedited sources, questioning the relationship between geography and popular education, and the role of cartography in the scientific strategy of these geographers.

  10. La avispa y la orquídea hacen mapa en el seno de un rizoma: Cartografía y máquinas, releyendo a Deleuze y Guattari The wasp and the orchid make a map in the heart of a rhizome: cartography and machines, reinterpreting Deleuze and Guattari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Pérez de Lama

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace casi una década venimos experimentando un renovado interés en la cartografía como herramienta de conocimiento crítico. Desde el equipo hackitectura.net hemos participado en este movimiento produciendo diversos procesos cartográficos, entre los que se destaca la Cartografía Crítica del Estrecho de Gibraltar (2004, desarrollada en colaboración con diversos colectivos sociales y artísticos que operan sobre este territorio geopolítico. Nuestra práctica se ha inspirado desde el inicio en el pensamiento de Félix Guattari y Gilles Deleuze que en Mil Mesetas (1980 proponían los principios de cartografía y decalcomanía para explicar el concepto de rizoma. Aunque hoy nos referimos más a los territorios reticulares que al rizoma, sigue siendo de interés la vinculación que Guattari establece entre su concepto de cartografía y los de agenciamiento, máquina y producción de subjetividad. Para Guattari, hacer mapa, como lo hacen la orquídea y la avispa, es más acción que representación; la cartografía, antes que representar un mundo que esté ya dado, supone la identificación de nuevos componentes, la creación de nuevas relaciones y territorios, de nuevas máquinas. El artículo presentará una aproximación teórica a las ideas guattarianas, ejemplificadas con diversos trabajos, propios y de otros autores. Finalmente, planteará, desde la perspectiva de nuestra experiencia, el horizonte de desarrollo y las limitaciones que percibimos en relación con estas prácticas.For almost a decade, we have been experiencing a continuous interest in cartography as a tool for the acquisition of critical knowledgement. From the use of hackitectura.net as an instrument, we have participated in this movement, producing several cartographic processes, especially the Critical Cartography of the Strait of Gibtaltar (2004, developed in collaboration with several social and artistic collective works which operate in that geopolitical

  11. Urban Cartographies: Media Mapping Mobility and Presence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeff, N.; Zwicker, Heather; Cooley, Heidi Rae

    2017-01-01

    This special issue takes up new media in situ, addressing how new media technologies have the potential to re-orient us and, by extension, radically intervene in our understandings of place—specifically the public spaces of the city—and our place in it. We not only explore the specificities of these

  12. Progress and Challenges in Infectious Disease Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Moritz U G; Hay, Simon I; Pigott, David M; Smith, David L; Wint, G R William; Golding, Nick

    2016-01-01

    Quantitatively mapping the spatial distributions of infectious diseases is key to both investigating their epidemiology and identifying populations at risk of infection. Important advances in data quality and methodologies have allowed for better investigation of disease risk and its association with environmental factors. However, incorporating dynamic human behavioural processes in disease mapping remains challenging. For example, connectivity among human populations, a key driver of pathogen dispersal, has increased sharply over the past century, along with the availability of data derived from mobile phones and other dynamic data sources. Future work must be targeted towards the rapid updating and dissemination of appropriately designed disease maps to guide the public health community in reducing the global burden of infectious disease.

  13. Participatory mapping new data, new cartography

    CERN Document Server

    Plantin, Jean-Christophe

    2014-01-01

    This book is intended for applications of online digital mapping, called mashups (or composite application), and to analyze the mapping practices in online socio-technical controversies. The hypothesis put forward is that the ability to create an online map accompanies the formation of online audience and provides support for a position in a debate on the Web.The first part provides a study of the map: - a combination of map and statistical reason- crosses between map theories and CIS theories- recent developments in scanning the map, from Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Web map.The second part is based on a corpus of twenty "mashup" maps, and offers a techno-semiotic analysis highlighting the "thickness of the mediation" they are in a process of communication on the Web. Map as a device to "make do" is thus replaced through these stages of creation, ranging from digital data in their viewing, before describing the construction of the map as a tool for visual evidence in public debates, and ending wit...

  14. Cartography of the sun and the stars

    CERN Document Server

    Neiner, Coralie

    2016-01-01

    The mapping of the surface of stars requires diverse skills, analysis techniques and advanced modeling, i.e. the collaboration of scientists in various specialties. This volume gives insights into new techniques allowing for the first time to obtain resolved images of stars. It takes stock of what has been achieved so far in Chile, on the ESO VLTI instrument or, in the States, on the CHARA instrument. In recent times interferometry, combined with adaptive optics has allowed to reconstruct images of stars. Besides the Sun (of course) by now five stars have been resolved in detail. In addition to interferometry, this book highlights techniques used for mapping the surfaces of stars using photometry made by space observatories; Zeeman- and Doppler Imaging; mapping the surface element abundances via spectroscopy. This book will also take stock of the best images of the  solar surface, made by connecting the differential rotation to the underlying physical parameters derived from helioseismology. Recent measureme...

  15. HEXA: a machine for spectroscopic cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrado, D.; Aceituno, J.; Galadí, D.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Sánchez, S. F.

    2013-05-01

    We have performed a conceptual and viability study for HEXA, a 6.5 m aperture, wide-field telescope, with high multiplexing factor, framed in the strategic plan for the Calar Alto observatory in 2014-2018 and beyond, centred on the scientific cases arisen from the current need for wide-field spectroscopic surveys with very large multiplexing capability. The baseline design considers a field-of-view of 1.5°, multiplexing factor around or over 500 and possible spectral resolutions in the interval R = 5000 - 50 000, with instruments placed on two Nasmyth platforms. Other variants are also considered, including Ritchey-Chrétien and prime-focus solutions. The telescope concept is described, together with the instruments that have already undergone, or that are still undergoing, the conceptual design process: CEO, an innovative Imaging Fourier Transform spectrograph. GEA, a Gaia-inspired drift-scanning slitless spectrograph. BRONTESS, a fast and simple camera for guiding and ToO work. A PMAS-based multi-IFU, highly multiplexed spectrograph. And the multi-fibre spectrograph GYGES. Some of the instrument concepts analysed are based on the versatile fiber-positioner HECATE (with a minimum of 361 positioners). Some of the fibre-based instruments would allow, too, fibres entering a battery of CAF{É}-type high-res spectrographs.

  16. Mapping Eastern Europe: Cartography and Art History

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper compares maps of Eastern Europe, beginning from the map of Slavic lands by Josef Pavol Šafárik of 1842, and it claims that cartographic imagery has played a significant role in the legitimisation of the region’s collective identity. It argues that the adoption the map as a tool of art history, in order to spatialise and quantify the understanding of art, cannot bypass the postmodern critique of the map. It reflects on the overlap between the approaches and methods of critical carto...

  17. “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada” “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada”. The invention of landscape painting in New Spain's cartography, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Russo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available La producción de mapas por parte de los cartógrafos indígenas, mestizos y españoles en los siglos XVI y XVII, es un laboratorio de increíble riqueza para estudiar los efectos pictóricos que la transformación territorial-administrativa empezada por la conquista tuvo al pasar por la esfera de la creación. En las imágenes, hoy en el Archivo General de la Nación, los pintores locales tuvieron que inventar una nueva forma de visualizar las tierras, los espacios y los paisajes. De esta mina inagotable que es la cartografía colonial de la Nueva España, voy a reflexionar sobre el «paisaje». Los cartógrafos novohispanos renovaron la mirada hacia el territorio inventando soluciones pictóricas totalmente novedosas respecto a las tradiciones artísticas mesoamericanas y europeas. A través del análisis del horizonte histórico y estético propio de estas pinturas —que llamé «el realismo circular»— este trabajo se concentrará en analizar algunos mapas donde la tensión con la realidad cambiante del territorio tuvo los efectos pictóricos más pertinentes para enunciar que uno de los orígenes de la «pintura de paisaje» puede reconocerse adentro de este conjunto tan heterogéneo de imágenes. Al final, creo que debemos deshacernos de los campos y los límites disciplinarios tradicionales para producir un enfoque innovador para el estudio de este tipo de imágenes.The production of maps by native, mestizo and Spanish cartographers during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries represents an extremely rich laboratory for studying the pictorial effects that the territorial-administrative transformation that started with the conquest underwent in the creative arena. In these images, today filed in the General Archive of the Nation, local painters had to invent a new way of visualizing the land, spaces and landscapes. From this eternal mine represented by the New Spain’s colonial cartography, I will focus on the “landscape”. New

  18. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique des sols de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Étienne Aké

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L'érosion hydrique des sols n'a pas été suffisamment étudiée dans la région de Bonoua au Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire où l'activité économique dominante demeure l'agriculture. Par conséquent, des méthodes de contrôle s'avèrent nécessaires, afin d'assurer une gestion durable des sols et de sécuriser les productions agricoles. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments pour cartographier la vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique. L'approche passe par une analyse des principaux facteurs de l'érosion : l'érosivité des pluies, l'érodabilité des sols, la pente et l'occupation des sols. Les cartes obtenues sont intégrées dans un Système d'Information Géographique (SIG à l'aide d'une combinaison additive pour établir une carte de vulnérabilité à l'érosion hydrique. Cette carte est validée par des observations de terrain. Trois classes de vulnérabilité multifactorielle à l'érosion hydrique ont été distinguées : les zones à faible vulnérabilité (29 % ; les zones à vulnérabilité moyenne (34 % et les zones fortement vulnérables (37 %. Ainsi, dans la région de Bonoua, les classes à moyenne et forte vulnérabilité multifactorielle représentent 71 % de la superficie. Cette première ébauche cartographique est un outil devant aider les décideurs pour l'attribution des zones de cultures et des sites pouvant abriter des infrastructures socio-économiques.Water soils erosion has not been studied enough in the region of Bonoua south-eastern Côte d'Ivoire where major economic activity remains the agriculture. Consequently, control methods are necessary in order to ensure sustainable management of soils and to secure agricultural productions. The objective of this study is to supply tools for mapping multifactorial vulnerability to water soil erosion. The method involves an analysis of the main factors of erosion: rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope and land use

  19. Cartographie de la croissance urbaine de Kinshasa (R.D. Congo entre 1995 et 2005 par télédétection satellitaire à haute résolution The mapping of the urban growth of Kinshasa (DRC through high resolution remote sensing between 1995 and 2005

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    Matthieu Kayembe Wa Kayembe

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La croissance spatiale de Kinshasa (RDC est cartographiée par classification des espaces bâtis au départ d’images satellitaires SPOT datant de 1995 et 2005. D’après les résultats, la croissance de la ville est moins rapide que l’évolution démographique ; elle s’effectue désormais dans les espaces interstitiels en dépit de leurs fortes pentes et d’un certain éloignement des principales voies de communication (au delà d’1 km.The urban growth of Kinshasa (DRC is mapped by classification of built-up areas using SPOT images dating from 1995 and 2005. From the results, the city growth is slower than the population growth; it is taking place within interstitial areas despite their steep slopes and their distance (1 km from the main communication axes.

  20. Legenda geral do mapa ambiental de Londrina: ensaio metodológico de cartografia légende générale de la carte de l’environnement deLondrina : essai méthodologique de cartographie

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    Nathália Prado Rosolém

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio metodológico faz parte de uma pesquisa que tem como foco realizar uma reflexão sobre a metodologia cartográfica de André Journaux (1984 para a cartografia ambiental a partir da análise de trabalhos realizados e orientados por esse pesquisador e um estudo de sua legenda específica. A primeira fase, apresentada neste artigo, caracteriza-se pela proposta de legenda que será utilizada para representar a dinâmica ambiental da cidade de Londrina.Cet essai méthodologique fait partie d’une recherche qui vise à une réflexion sur la méthodologie cartographique d’André Journaux (1984 concernant la cartographie de l’environnement, et à partir de travaux réalisés et orientés par ce chercheur ainsi que  l’étude de sa légende spécifique. La première phase, présentée dans cet article est caractérisée par la proposition de la légende utilisée pour représenter la dynamique de l’environnement de la ville de Londrina.This methodological essay is part of a research that focus on achieving a reflection on the methodology cartographic of André Journaux (1984 for environmental cartography, from the analysis of work performed and directed by this researcher and the study of it’s specific legend. The first phase, presented in this article characterized by the legend proposal that will be used to represent the environmental dynamics of Londrina.

  1. Exploring the Value and Practical Significance for Cartography About“HaiGuo Tuzhi”%《海国图志》的地图学价值与现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁启章; 梁迅

    2016-01-01

    paper analyzed "HaiGuo Tuzhi" with its 100 volumes, which including 75 maps and 880,000 texts divided into 10 parts, including chapters of"The preface","Coastal defense","Maps","Annals","Religious calendar","Countries in general","Coastal defense in general", "Foreign affairs record set", "Weapons and equipment", and "The earth’s astronomical theory". In the meantime, this research outlines the multi-angle studies and comments on"HaiGuo Tuzhi"from China and Japan, mainly discusses the values of cartography such as"designing idea”,“content arrangement”,”compiling technology"and so on;as well as introduces the editing strategy of "Learning from Foreigners to Competing Foreigners", and successful experiences and focuses on distinguishing data authenticity and the comprehensive genre in editing“HaiGuo Tuzhi”. All of these have important practical significance. At last, we suggest that today's cartographer should try to absorb the cartography“nutrition”from"HaiGuo Tuzhi"and positively response to the new requirements of the era of deepening reform and opening up, to compile and publish a new comprehensive atlas of the world with"real data, large-scale and integrated information, and provide services to people"as soon as possible.

  2. La cartografía conceptual y su utilidad para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural: El Quijote como ejemplo An approach to Don Quixote de la Mancha to illustrate the use of conceptual cartography in the study of reading as a historical-cultural practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Vivas Moreno

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objeto exponer las claves sobre la utilización de las modernas cartografías conceptuales para el estudio de la lectura como práctica histórico-cultural. Tras una breve revisión de las prácticas de lectura desde la alfabetización clásica hasta sus nuevas funciones en el siglo XXI, examinaremos la cartografía conceptual como metodología de investigación, centrándonos en el procedimiento concreto de las cuadrículas de dominio, que pueden aliarse con técnicas documentales (como por ejemplo un tesauro que se complementa perfectamente con la cuadrícula para producir avanzados instrumentos de información. A modo de ejemplo, veremos cómo analizar la lectura en El Quijote a partir de dicha metodología, basada en una tesis de doctorado leída en 2008. En este caso concreto, las cuadrículas de dominio se complementan con un tesauro elaborado ad hoc, de modo que los hiperónimos de las cuatro cuadrículas de dominio (Creación, Instrucción, Materialidad y Preservación corresponden a las cabezas de jerarquía del tesauro. Así, conseguimos una simbiosis cartografía / lenguaje documental que se materializa en un sistema de información integral.The aim of this work is to suggest some keys for using the new conceptual cartographies for studying reading as a historical and cultural practice. After a brief overview of reading practices, from classical literacy to its new roles in the twenty-first century, an examination ensues of conceptual cartography as a research methodology, focusing on the specific procedure of domain grids linked to information and documental resources for producing advanced information instruments. An analysis of reading oí Don Quixote based on this methodology serves as illustration. In this case, domain grids complement a thesaurus made ad hoc in such a way that the superordinate domain grids (Creation, Instruction, Materiality and Preservation match the hierarchy headings of the

  3. A cartografia na enfermagem: uma proposta de abordagem metodológica La cartografía en la enfermería: una propuesta de enfoque metodológico The cartography at nursing: a proposal of a methodological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Regina Virginio Moraes de Catrib

    2010-06-01

    construcción del conocimiento que caracteriza los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del mundo social.La realización de pesquisas en el área de enfermería que se valgan de la utilización de la cartografía es algo todavía difícil de encontrarse. Sin embargo, se cree que la cartografía puede hacer contribuciones para la construcción del conocimiento, caracterizando los sistemas de acciones que dan movimiento y trazan mapas del espacio.It is an experience based report which aims to describe the cartography application on data collection for a doctorate thesis in which the object of this study deals with strategies of the nursing team in front of hospitalized children with Infectious Diseases. The text discusses the geography-cartography technique and its usage / application for nursing studies and researches. This technique allows the construction of knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space. It favors a reading beyond the practices boarders, the realities and also an understanding of specialties, revealing itself as a process with meaning for a world social understanding. The development of nursing research using the cartography is still unusual. However, we believe that the cartography can strongly cooperate with the construction of a knowledge, characterizing the systems of actions that give movement and map the space.

  4. REPRESENTACIONES DEL ESPACIO PATAGÓNICO: UNA INTERPRETACIÓN DE LA CARTOGRAFÍA JESUÍTICA DE LOS SIGLOS XVII Y XVIII REPRESENTATIONS OF THE PATAGONIAN SPACE: AN INTERPRETATION OF 17TH- AND 18TH-CENTURY JESUIT CARTOGRAPHY

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    Luis I de Lasa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La cartografía jesuítica constituye una fuente privilegiada para acceder a las formas de producción y uso del conocimiento geográfico y cartográfico referido a las fronteras australes del imperio español. Considerando que los mapas elaborados por los misioneros de la Compañía de Jesús son los primeros en integrar explícitamente el conocimiento espacial de los habitantes del territorio, indagamos sobre las condiciones de obtención de la información, las estrategias de apropiación y organización de los saberes indígenas y la compatibilización de distintas concepciones y representaciones del espacio en la elaboración del mapa. Atendiendo al uso de la producción de los jesuitas, identificamos los principales beneficiarios de este saber calificado. En este estudio examinamos los mapas generales de Patagonia de Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749 y 1751 y Thomas Falkner (1772.Jesuit cartography serves as an exceptional sourcefor gaining access to the ways of production and use of the geographical and cartographic knowledge related to the southern borders of the Spanish empire. Taking into account that the maps produced by the missionaries from the Society ofJesus were the first to explicitly incorporate the spatial knowledge of the local inhabitants, we examined the conditions for collecting information, the strategiesfor appropriation and organization ofindigenous lore and the reconciliation ofdifferent spatial conceptions and representations upon producing the map. Considering the use made of the Jesuit production, we have identified the main beneficiaries from this intimate knowledge. At the present study we examine the general maps ofPatagonia produced by Alonso de Ovalle (1646, José Cardiel (1746-1747, 1749y 1751 and Thomas Falkner (1772.

  5. O movimento pela justiça global na espanha: ativistas, identidade e cartografia política da alterglobalização The movement for global justice in Spain: its activists, their political identity and the cartography of alter-globalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamín Tejerina

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A rápida expansão dos processos de globalização das últimas décadas facilitou tanto a emergência de formas de resistência em relação com as suas conseqüências como o nascimento de processos de mobilização social a favor de uma globalização alternativa. O trabalho que apresentamos sintetiza parte dos resulta dos de uma pesquisa sobre o movimento por uma justiça global na Espanha. Nele abordamos a sua base material, as características dos ativistas, a sua identidade política, as suas motivações e interesses e a identidade atribuída à ação do movimento, além de expor a cartografia política que as valorações dos ativistas antiglobalização vêm desenhando. O nosso objetivo é diferenciar analiticamente as coordenadas nas quais se inscreve essa nova forma de subjetividade, cujo espaço social se articula em redor de três eixos: o eixo espacial (dentro-fora, inclusão-exclusão, centro-periferia, o eixo relacional (acima-abaixo, imposição-oposição, repressão-liberação e o eixo das práticas executadas pelos distintos agentes participantes.The rapid expansion of the globalisation processes in recent decades has given rise to the emergence of forms of resistance to their consequences, as well as to processes of social mobilisation in favour of an alternative globalisation. The article that we are presenting includes part of the results of research into the movement for global justice in Spain. In it we deal with the material base of this movement, the characteristics of its activists, their political identity, their motivations and interests, the identity attributed to the action of the movement, as well as the political cartography sketched out by the evaluations of the alter-globalisation activists. Our aim is to analytically dissect the coordinates that frame this new form of subjectivity, whose social space is articulated around three axes: the spatial axis (inside-outside, inclusion-exclusion, centre

  6. Cartographie des linéaments géologiques en domaine aride par extraction semi-automatique à partir d’images satellitaires: Exemple à la région d’El Kseïbat (Sahara algérien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hammad, N.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Geologists in charge of a detailed lineament mapping in arid and desert area, face the extent of the land and the abundance of eolian deposits. This study presents a semi-automatic approach of extraction of lineament, different from other methods, such as the automatic extraction and manual extraction, by being both fast and objective. It consists of a series of digital processing (textural and spatial filtering, binarization by thresholding and mathematic morphology ... etc. applied to a Landsat 7 ETM+scene. This semi-automatic approach has produced a detailed map of lineaments, while taking account of tectonic directions recognized in the region. It helps mitigate the effect of dune deposits meet the specifications of arid environment. The visual validation of these linear structures, by geoscientists and field data, allowed the identification of the majority of structural lineaments or at least those tried geological.[fr] Les géologues en charge d’une cartographie des linéaments détaillée en domaine aride et désertique, font face à l’étendue des terrains et la présence abondante de dépôts éoliens. La présente étude présente une approche semi-automatique différente des autres méthodes d’extraction des linéaments, à savoir l’extraction automatique et l’extraction manuelle par le fait d’être à la fois rapide et objective. Elle consiste en une succession de traitements numériques (filtrage textural et spatial, binarisation par seuillage et morphologie mathématique…etc. appliqués sur une scène LANDSAT-7 ETM+. Cette approche semi-automatique a permis d’obtenir une carte détaillée des linéaments, tout en tenant compte des directions tectoniques reconnues dans la région. Elle permet d’atténuer l’effet des dépôts dunaires répondant aux spécifications du contexte aride. La validation visuelle de ces structures linéaires, effectuée sur terrain et sur la base de la carte géologique et des données g

  7. Debris flow cartography using differential GNSS and Theodolite measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaradze, Giorgi; Guinau, Marta; Calvet, Jaume; Furdada, Gloria; Victoriano, Ane; Génova, Mar; Suriñach, Emma

    2016-04-01

    The presented results form part of a CHARMA project, which pursues a broad objective of reducing damage caused by uncontrolled mass movements, such as rockfalls, snow avalanches and debris flows. Ultimate goal of the project is to contribute towards the establishment of new scientific knowledge and tools that can help in the design and creation of early warning systems. Here we present the specific results that deal with the application of differential GNSS and classical geodetic (e.g. theodolite) methods for mapping debris and torrential flows. Specifically, we investigate the Portainé stream located in the Pallars Sobirà region of Catalonia (Spain), in the eastern Pyrenees. In the last decade more than ten debris-flow type phenomena have affected the region, causing considerable economic losses. Since early 2014, we have conducted several field campaigns within the study area, where we have employed a multi-disciplinary approach, consisting of geomorphological, dendro-chronological and geodetic methods, in order to map the river bed and reconstruct the history of the extreme flooding and debris flow events. Geodetic studies included several approaches, using the classical and satellite based methods. The former consisted of angle and distance measurements between the Geodolite 502 total station and the reflecting prisms placed on top of the control points located within the riverbed. These type of measurements are precise, although present several disadvantages such as the lack of absolute coordinates that makes the geo-referencing difficult, as well as a relatively time-consuming process that involves two persons. For this reason, we have also measured the same control points using the differential GNSS system, in order to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the total station measurements with the GNSS. The latter measuring method is fast and can be conducted by one person. However, the fact that the study area is within the riverbed, often below the trees, limits the visibility of the satellites and thus, can result in meter-level errors while estimating the positions. We have conducted 2 measurements using various differential GNSS systems in March and in September of 2015. During these measurements we used Leica Viva GS14 receiver as a rover station, which was equipped with a GSM card to establish an internet connection in order to receive differential corrections from continuous GNSS networks. During the first campaign we have used the RTK positioning method using the SmartNet network (http://es.smartnet-eu.com) operated by Leica. This system had the advantage of transmitting differential corrections for GPS and GLONASS systems. During the second campaign, we have had an access to the ICGC (http://www.icc.cat) CatNet permanent GPS network, which only provides GPS satellite corrections. Here we present the analysis of the obtained precisions from these two RTK systems. Additionally, we have analyzed the geodetic data in a post-processing mode using the Leica Geo Office 8.4 software with IGS estimated final orbits. For this procedure, in addition to using the data from nearby CatNet CGPS stations, we have also used data from the base station(s) specifically setup near the study area during the campaign period. The work has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation project CHARMA: CHAracterization and ContRol of MAss Movements. A Challenge for Geohazard Mitigation (CGL2013-40828-R) and RISKNAT group (2014GR/1243).

  8. CARTOGRAPHY, GIS AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB. (R825195)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  9. AUTOMATION OF MORPHOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS FOR PLANETARY SURFACE ANALYSIS AND CARTOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Kokhanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available For automation of measurements of morphometric parameters of surface relief various tools were developed and integrated into GIS. We have created a tool, which calculates statistical characteristics of the surface: interquartile range of heights, and slopes, as well as second derivatives of height fields as measures of topographic roughness. Other tools were created for morphological studies of craters. One of them allows automatic placing of topographic profiles through the geometric center of a crater. Another tool was developed for calculation of small crater depths and shape estimation, using C++ programming language. Additionally, we have prepared tool for calculating volumes of relief features from DTM rasters. The created software modules and models will be available in a new developed web-GIS system, operating in distributed cloud environment.

  10. Cell phones: a digital cartography of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polise Moreira De Marchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental function of maps has always been to understand, interpret, and represent the world. Therefore, maps have a communication role, as a language. As communication tool, maps spatialize the interaction of social, economic and cultural urban realities in a graphic expression that provides the very meaning of urban systems. The aim of this paper is to report an academic study involving digital interface design graduate students. They investigated the role of locative media as potential instruments for registering and mapping experiences, observations and perceptions of urban life. This study considers that students can stimulate interactions across the city, whether, directly, in its physical space or, indirectly, through interfaces such as cell phone applications. The project also sought to discuss the cell phone as a producer of new languages, since instead of being merely a telephone it combines the functions of different media and can produce images, videos, sounds etc.

  11. Bayesian geostatistics in health cartography: the perspective of malaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Anand P; Gething, Peter W; Piel, Frédéric B; Hay, Simon I

    2011-06-01

    Maps of parasite prevalences and other aspects of infectious diseases that vary in space are widely used in parasitology. However, spatial parasitological datasets rarely, if ever, have sufficient coverage to allow exact determination of such maps. Bayesian geostatistics (BG) is a method for finding a large sample of maps that can explain a dataset, in which maps that do a better job of explaining the data are more likely to be represented. This sample represents the knowledge that the analyst has gained from the data about the unknown true map. BG provides a conceptually simple way to convert these samples to predictions of features of the unknown map, for example regional averages. These predictions account for each map in the sample, yielding an appropriate level of predictive precision.

  12. Cartographie des risques technologiques majeurs: nouvelles perspectives avec les SIG

    OpenAIRE

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann; Loïc Ravenel; Thierry Saint-Gérand

    2002-01-01

    L'élaboration d'une base de données localisées adaptée aux risques technologiques majeurs et son exploitation par un système d'information géographique ont permis d'établir une typologie des zones à risques basée sur le couple accident-vulnérabilité et d'élaborer des cartes de synthèse pouvant apporter une véritable aide à la concertation et à la prise de décision.

  13. Cartography of snowcover properties from topographical, vegetation and meteorological data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harirforoush, Hilda

    A Multi Layer Snow Accumulation Model (MLSAM) was developed to simulate snow cover properties. The simulations include snow depth, snow density and snow-cover. The model was tested near Schefferville (54°48'N, 66°49'W) for the years (1986-1987 and 1987-1988). The MLSAM combines three sub models: 1) An intermediate-complexity, quasi-physically based, meteorological model (MicroMet), 2) A Point Energy/Mass Balance (PEMB) model and 3) A Distributed Blowing Snow Model (DBSM). The MLSAM employs digital terrain models with grid increments of 20 m and run with temporal increments of 24 hours using standard Canadian digital elevation and vegetation models and climate data. The model outputs for snow-layer depth and density as well as snow cover remaining at different times during the melt season were compared with available data from the Schefferville climate station and from previous snow research at Schefferville. Landsat images were used for assessing simulations of snow cover during melt. In general, the model performed well until the onset of melt. Thereafter the model greatly over-predicted melt rates. There were also problems with melt water transfers in the snow cover which will need to be addressed in future versions of the model. Improvements will also need to be made to the routines handling vapour transfers in the snowpack and snow density calculations. However, with these modifications the model shows some promise to become a useful model for simulation of spatial and temporal variations in snow cover properties. Keywords: Snow depth, Snow density profile, Snow Melt, Snow Cover mapping, Landsat image, Mass and Energy Balance, Geographic Information System (GIS).

  14. Probabilistic cartography of the large-scale structure

    CERN Document Server

    Leclercq, Florent; Lavaux, Guilhem; Wandelt, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    The BORG algorithm is an inference engine that derives the initial conditions given a cosmological model and galaxy survey data, and produces physical reconstructions of the underlying large-scale structure by assimilating the data into the model. We present the application of BORG to real galaxy catalogs and describe the primordial and late-time large-scale structure in the considered volumes. We then show how these results can be used for building various probabilistic maps of the large-scale structure, with rigorous propagation of uncertainties. In particular, we study dynamic cosmic web elements and secondary effects in the cosmic microwave background.

  15. GIS cartography a guide to effective map design

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Gretchen N

    2014-01-01

    IntroductionOn Design ExperienceConstructive CriticismWhat Is a Geoprofessional?Tick-Tock Goes the ClockWhy Good Design MattersAudienceHow to Use This BookSkipping the How-Tos to Get Straight to the Good StuffRelative Map ScalesEndnotesCreative InspirationYou Can Be CreativeDoingSeeingAn Example of How to SeeApplying All of This to Your MapSummary and Final ProddingCreative MapsA Few Places to Start Seeing Art from Your DesktopEndnotesExerciseLayout DesignAll Together NowLayout ChecklistElement Details and ExamplesStyleContextArrangementEmphasis Maps and WireframesSimplicity versus ComplexityM

  16. Paradigm shift from cartography to geo-communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2007-01-01

    , tools etc. In many ways the geo-domain is still dominated by the culture of the military-topographic mapping era. One of the major implications of this culture is that there is a major focus on the geometric positioning of material phenomena. The author of this paper suggests that the geo-domain is re...

  17. Leonardo da Vinci and His Contributions to Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Puceković

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The archetypal Renaissance figure Leonardo da Vinci was truly a universal man (Ital. – uomo universale. There is no area of human activity that failed to attract his attention, or that does not bear a trace of his deliberations. In the field of fine art, Leonardo is famous for his masterpieces: the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, the Virgin of the Rocks, and other, unfinished works, for example, St. Jerome in the Wilderness, and the Adoration of the Magi. He did not leave any works of sculpture, though he did create sketches and drawings. His legacy includes approximately 13,000 sheets of notes and drawings of anatomy, architecture, war and flying machines, plants and animals, all annotated in a reversed mirror-script. In his works of art, he brought his compositions to perfection by using the principles of perspective and the techniques of chiaroscuro and sfumato. Leonardo designed war machines and produced several plans and topographical maps for the powerful men of his time, under whose patronage he worked, such as dukes, kings and popes. This article presents a brief account of his most famous cartographical works: the plan of Imola, three topographic maps of Tuscany, the Chiana valley, the Pontine Marshes and western Tuscany, and a world map (Mappa Mundi. Leonardo skilfully made use of his fascination with landscapes, incorporating them as backdrops in his masterpieces.

  18. Cartography and Culture in Medieval Iceland (Theses in Progress)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kedwards, Dale

    2015-01-01

    This abstract summarises my research, undertaken as a doctoral thesis at the University of York, into the surviving corpus of world maps from medieval Iceland. It briefly describes the maps, which collectively provide examples of the major European cartographic genres, and their manuscript contexts....

  19. Cartographie des risques technologiques majeurs: nouvelles perspectives avec les SIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available L'élaboration d'une base de données localisées adaptée aux risques technologiques majeurs et son exploitation par un système d'information géographique ont permis d'établir une typologie des zones à risques basée sur le couple accident-vulnérabilité et d'élaborer des cartes de synthèse pouvant apporter une véritable aide à la concertation et à la prise de décision.

  20. Chemical Cartography. I. A Carbonicity Map of the Galactic Halo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young Sun; Beers, Timothy C.; Kim, Young Kwang; Placco, Vinicius; Yoon, Jinmi; Carollo, Daniela; Masseron, Thomas; Jung, Jaehun

    2017-02-01

    We present the first map of carbonicity, [C/Fe], for the halo system of the Milky Way, based on a sample of over 100,000 main-sequence turnoff stars with available spectroscopy from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. This map, which explores distances up to 15 kpc from the Sun, reveals clear evidence for the dual nature of the Galactic halo, based on the spatial distribution of stellar carbonicity. The metallicity distribution functions of stars in the inner- and outer-halo regions of the carbonicity map reproduce those previously argued to arise from contributions of the inner- and outer-halo populations, with peaks at [Fe/H] = ‑1.5 and ‑2.2, respectively. From consideration of the absolute carbon abundances for our sample, A(C), we also confirm that the carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars in the outer-halo region exhibit a higher frequency of CEMP-no stars (those with no overabundances of heavy neutron-capture elements) than of CEMP-s stars (those with strong overabundances of elements associated with the s-process), whereas the stars in the inner-halo region exhibit a higher frequency of CEMP-s stars. We argue that the contrast in the behavior of the CEMP-no and CEMP-s fractions in these regions arises from differences in the mass distributions of the mini-halos from which the stars of the inner- and outer-halo populations formed, which gives rise in turn to the observed dichotomy of the Galactic halo.

  1. Computer Vision Research and Its Applications to Automated Cartography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-27

    3. Ikeuchi, K. and Horn, B.K.P., Numerical shape from shading and occluding boundaries, Artificial Inteligence 17 (1981) 141-184. 4. Horn, B.K.P...Fischler, Program Director Principal Investigator, (415)859-5106 Artificial Intelligence Center Computer Science and Technology Division Prepared for...Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 1400 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, Virginia 22209 Attention: Cdr. Ronald Ohlander, Program Manager Information

  2. Automation of Morphometric Measurements for Planetary Surface Analysis and Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokhanov, A. A.; Bystrov, A. Y.; Kreslavsky, M. A.; Matveev, E. V.; Karachevtseva, I. P.

    2016-06-01

    For automation of measurements of morphometric parameters of surface relief various tools were developed and integrated into GIS. We have created a tool, which calculates statistical characteristics of the surface: interquartile range of heights, and slopes, as well as second derivatives of height fields as measures of topographic roughness. Other tools were created for morphological studies of craters. One of them allows automatic placing of topographic profiles through the geometric center of a crater. Another tool was developed for calculation of small crater depths and shape estimation, using C++ programming language. Additionally, we have prepared tool for calculating volumes of relief features from DTM rasters. The created software modules and models will be available in a new developed web-GIS system, operating in distributed cloud environment.

  3. Computer Vision Research and its Applications to Automated Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    4 Pittsburgh, Penn. 151 E. Hildreth, Implementation of a Theory of Edge Detection , M.I.T. Combining Equations (13) and (IS) and substituting the...straight lines when Artificial Intelligence, Vol 23, 1984. * = 90’, which corresponds to the case in which the [Marr] ’ Theory of Edge Detection ," D. C

  4. Expression cartography of human tissues using self organizing maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Löffler Markus

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parallel high-throughput microarray and sequencing experiments produce vast quantities of multidimensional data which must be arranged and analyzed in a concerted way. One approach to addressing this challenge is the machine learning technique known as self organizing maps (SOMs. SOMs enable a parallel sample- and gene-centered view of genomic data combined with strong visualization and second-level analysis capabilities. The paper aims at bridging the gap between the potency of SOM-machine learning to reduce dimension of high-dimensional data on one hand and practical applications with special emphasis on gene expression analysis on the other hand. Results The method was applied to generate a SOM characterizing the whole genome expression profiles of 67 healthy human tissues selected from ten tissue categories (adipose, endocrine, homeostasis, digestion, exocrine, epithelium, sexual reproduction, muscle, immune system and nervous tissues. SOM mapping reduces the dimension of expression data from ten of thousands of genes to a few thousand metagenes, each representing a minicluster of co-regulated single genes. Tissue-specific and common properties shared between groups of tissues emerge as a handful of localized spots in the tissue maps collecting groups of co-regulated and co-expressed metagenes. The functional context of the spots was discovered using overrepresentation analysis with respect to pre-defined gene sets of known functional impact. We found that tissue related spots typically contain enriched populations of genes related to specific molecular processes in the respective tissue. Analysis techniques normally used at the gene-level such as two-way hierarchical clustering are better represented and provide better signal-to-noise ratios if applied to the metagenes. Metagene-based clustering analyses aggregate the tissues broadly into three clusters containing nervous, immune system and the remaining tissues. Conclusions The SOM technique provides a more intuitive and informative global view of the behavior of a few well-defined modules of correlated and differentially expressed genes than the separate discovery of the expression levels of hundreds or thousands of individual genes. The program is available as R-package 'oposSOM'.

  5. Nouvelles approches ergonomiques de la cartographie des risques industriels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Propeck-Zimmermann

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Les cartes actuelles présentent des insuffisances pour une gestion territoriale des risques industriels. En redéfinissant le concept de «situation à risques» et en l'implémentant dans un SIG, on peut disposer à la demande d'informations riches et variées: cartes analytiques, de synthèse, typologies, requêtes spatiales diverses. Les recherches en cours visent à développer une interface ergonomique pour faciliter la concertation entre différents acteurs.

  6. Computer Vision Research and Its Applications to Automated Cartography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    Panton, 1978], autonomous vehicle navigation [Hannah, 19801, and industrial automation [Nishihara & Poggio, 19831. Conventional stereo compilation... Electronica No. I (February 1982). [lPostaire 81] I.G.. Postaire and C.P.A. Vasseur, "An Approximate Solution to Normnal 0 Mixture Identification with

  7. Academic cartography: Understanding the directions of modern biological science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Leah Grace

    2007-12-01

    Over the last three decades, the biological research has undergone drastic change. In addition to the many scientific and technological advancements, the legal, and hence economic, structures within which biological research occurs have also been significantly altered. In the early 1980's the patent laws were extended to encompass almost all products of biological research, including living organisms, and the U.S. Congress passed a series of laws which encouraged the intertwining of academic and industrial interests. This research explores how these legal and economic changes have shaped academic research agendas in the biological sciences. Using the University of California, Berkeley as a case study, I have employed a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods to (a) map the directions of biological research occurring in the four main UC Berkeley biology departments over the last two and a half decades, (b) characterize industrial involvement in biological research at UC Berkeley, and (c) understand the decision making calculus scientists and university administrators employ in crafting their personal research agendas and the research directions for their departments and colleges. This dissertation elucidates the necessary convergence of interests, resources, and skills required for any research project to proceed, explores the motivation of academic strength in both the laboratory and the university as a whole, and finally examines the co-construction of the cutting edge These concepts offer new insight into understanding the processes through which science takes its shape.

  8. Semantics-informed cartography: the case of Piemonte Geological Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piana, Fabrizio; Lombardo, Vincenzo; Mimmo, Dario; Giardino, Marco; Fubelli, Giandomenico

    2016-04-01

    In modern digital geological maps, namely those supported by a large geo-database and devoted to dynamical, interactive representation on WMS-WebGIS services, there is the need to provide, in an explicit form, the geological assumptions used for the design and compilation of the database of the Map, and to get a definition and/or adoption of semantic representation and taxonomies, in order to achieve a formal and interoperable representation of the geologic knowledge. These approaches are fundamental for the integration and harmonisation of geological information and services across cultural (e.g. different scientific disciplines) and/or physical barriers (e.g. administrative boundaries). Initiatives such as GeoScience Markup Language (last version is GeoSciML 4.0, 2015, http://www.geosciml.org) and the INSPIRE "Data Specification on Geology" http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_GE_v3.0rc3.pdf (an operative simplification of GeoSciML, last version is 3.0 rc3, 2013), as well as the recent terminological shepherding of the Geoscience Terminology Working Group (GTWG) have been promoting information exchange of the geologic knowledge. Grounded on these standard vocabularies, schemas and data models, we provide a shared semantic classification of geological data referring to the study case of the synthetic digital geological map of the Piemonte region (NW Italy), named "GEOPiemonteMap", developed by the CNR Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Torino (CNR IGG TO) and hosted as a dynamical interactive map on the geoportal of ARPA Piemonte Environmental Agency. The Piemonte Geological Map is grounded on a regional-scale geo-database consisting of some hundreds of GeologicUnits whose thousands instances (Mapped Features, polygons geometry) widely occur in Piemonte region, and each one is bounded by GeologicStructures (Mapped Features, line geometry). GeologicUnits and GeologicStructures have been spatially correlated through the whole region and described using the GeoSciML vocabularies. A hierarchical schema is provided for the Piemonte Geological Map that gives the parental relations between several orders of GeologicUnits referring to mostly recurring geological objects and main GeologicEvents, in a logical framework compliant with GeoSciML and INSPIRE data models. The classification criteria and the Hierarchy Schema used to define the GEOPiemonteMap Legend, as well as the intended meanings of the geological concepts used to achieve the overall classification schema, are explicitly described in several WikiGeo pages (implemented by "MediaWiki" open source software, https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki). Moreover, a further step toward a formal classification of the contents (both data and interpretation) of the GEOPiemonteMap was triggered, by setting up an ontological framework, named "OntoGeonous", in order to achieve a thorough semantic characterization of the Map.

  9. Tissue cartography: compressing bio-image data by dimensional reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heemskerk, Idse; Streichan, Sebastian J

    2015-12-01

    The high volumes of data produced by state-of-the-art optical microscopes encumber research. We developed a method that reduces data size and processing time by orders of magnitude while disentangling signal by taking advantage of the laminar structure of many biological specimens. Our Image Surface Analysis Environment automatically constructs an atlas of 2D images for arbitrarily shaped, dynamic and possibly multilayered surfaces of interest. Built-in correction for cartographic distortion ensures that no information on the surface is lost, making the method suitable for quantitative analysis. We applied our approach to 4D imaging of a range of samples, including a Drosophila melanogaster embryo and a Danio rerio beating heart.

  10. Utilización de imágenes de radar (ERS y RADARSAT para la discriminación litológica y la cartografía estructural del sector central del Macizo del Deseado, Provincia de Santa Cruz Radar images (ERS and RADARSAT utilization for lithological discrimination and structural cartography of the central part of the Desaedo Massif, Santa Cruz province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Marchionni

    2010-06-01

    regional observation. The superficial extension of the present units and the outcropping discontinuity, usually hinder the field geological mapping and difficult the field recognition of the structural features, being facilitated their identification at a small scale. The results of an investigation based on the use of radar images (ERS-1 and ERS-2 SAR, and RADARSAT-1 SAR for the lithological discrimination and the structural cartography, through the application of different digital processing techniques and visual interpretation, are presented in this contribution. The tone and texture attributes of the radar images and their relationship with the lithological units of the area are analyzed, as well as the radar perception of directional features and the utility of the different digital analysis procedures for the extraction of lineal features and patterns that could be related to structural lineaments.

  11. High-resolution birefringence cartography of a vertical cavity semiconductor laser

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, T

    2015-01-01

    We report on spatially resolved birefringence measurements in a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) by using the emission wavelength distribution mapping. The point-by-point, polarization-resolved spectral information lends itself to the identification of anisotropies in the material and enables the estimate of refractive index differences and gradients in the two orthogonal polarization components with high spatial resolution. Compared with classical optical microscopy techniques, we can easily recognize the position of the emission wavelength split (which carefully points to the position of defects) with a much better spectral sensitivity (potentially as low as 3 GHz). The presented method is general and can be used with any bulk, light-emitting source (even passive, if external illumination is added) and may prove very useful for device fabrication, quality checks and process improvements.

  12. Cartographic (representations of local space: artistic maps adrift from School Cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassio Expedito Galdino Pereira

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on the importance of teaching content related to the landscape that can be seen, we propose a reflection through the use of mental maps for the perception of landscape experienced by students. This claim will be defended through a case study in public schools in Barbalha in southern Ceará (Brazil. Based on the reflections of Deleuze and Guattari, we want to expose that the map is not an illustrative tracing in class, but multiple, singular, rhizomatic. Thus, we aim to unveil these geographies that are not visible in the textbook, personal geographies with their landscapes, impregnated by beliefs, ideologies and feelings that you have of the location.

  13. La cartographie de crise : le phénomène et son utilité

    OpenAIRE

    Giroux, Myriam Dunn Cavelty et Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Myriam Dunn Cavelty et Jennifer Giroux sont expertes au sein du Center for Security Studies (CSS), à Zurich. Cet article est paru dans la revue Politique de sécurité : analyses du CSS, n° 103, novembre 2011). Nous le reproduisons ici avec l’aimable autorisation de ses auteurs et du CSS.  Le séisme de 2010 en Haïti a fait la une des journaux internationaux. Le rôle important joué par le crisis mapping dans la gestion de cette catastrophe est moins connu. Des volontaires et des victimes ont rec...

  14. Urban Migration Cartographies. The spatial distribution of foreign population in the City of Buenos Aires (2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Mera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to study the spatial distribution of international migrants in the City of Buenos Aires through a statistical and cartographic analysis based on the information collected by the 2010 National Population, Homes and Living Conditions Census. A socio-spatial analysis is carried out of the Census data, which are georeferenced using Geographic Information Systems (GIS. This work is done through thematic mapping and spatial distribution statistical index calculations. Thus, from a quantitative methodological perspective combining a macro-social (as it involves the whole city and a micro-spatial (as it allows for the visualization of differences caused on an intra-urban level scale, what is analyzed is how these groups’ urban presence, which results from various social and spatial trajectories, is evidenced in specific localization patterns within the urban territory

  15. Mapping Utopia: Cartography and Social Reform in 19th Century Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Graves

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available From the 16th century on, the great Southern continent figured in the European literary and political imagination as a field for utopian thought. While we might expect such Arcadian essays to tail off as the colonisation of Australia proceeded apace in the late 18th, early 19th centuries, such was not the case: there are many examples of utopian literature set in Australia in the 19th and 20th centuries, and several examples from the 1830s , the period examined in this article. This article explores the utopian elements in the work of three near contemporaries: Edward G. Wakefield (1796-1862, Thomas J. Maslen (1787-1857 and James Vetch (1789-1869 who mapped onto Australia political and social projects that had their origin and rationale in objectives for reform in the mother country. They brought to their self-appointed task underlying assumptions and biases that reveal a range of influences, not least those of colonial expansionism, and an imperial disregard for the realities of the terrain and inhabitants of a country they had never visited. The article undertakes a close reading of the maps, systems of nomenclature and division of territory proposed by two of the three: Maslen and Vetch, and their underlying rationale and function. Both writers sought to redraw the map of Australia in order to advance projects for reform, imposing on an ‘empty land’ principles of division and sub-division claimed to be rational and scientific and yet essentially utopian.

  16. Monica Manolescu et Anne-Marie Paquet-Deyris. Lolita, cartographies de l’obsession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René ALLADAYE

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Près de quinze ans après le travail de Maurice Couturier, c’était un défi que de publier un nouveau cours du CNED consacré à Lolita à l’occasion de la réapparition du roman au programme de l’agrégation. Certes, la donne a un peu changé depuis 1995 puisque ce programme s’enrichit de la présence de l’adaptation cinématographique de Stanley Kubrick, mais l’aventure n’en demeurait pas moins risquée. Ce défi, Monica Manolescu et Anne-Marie Paquet-Deyris le relèvent avec brio dans Lolita, cartograp...

  17. The feminist movement and children’s literary criticism in Galicia: a cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Pena Presas

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Normally, we do not refer to children’s and young adult literature as an area influenced by the feminist movement. However, since the beginning, an instructive conditioning was attributed to children’s and young people’s literature, placing it often in the educational field. Thus, the feminist movement dealt with the revision of many of these texts, within the context of activities in favour of coeducation. Galician literature was not an exception, so this paper aims to review the tasks carried out by feminists in order to analyze the existing books and streng then a new children’s and young adult literature

  18. 现代海图学的变革%The Revolution of Modem Nautical Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟京生

    2008-01-01

    信息技术影响到了海图学的本原,引起了海图概念、映射对象、认知方式的变革.总结了现代海图学的内涵,提出了海图集合的概念,发现了映射对象与认知方式的变化会导致海洋测量、海图产品与海图符号分离的现象.同时,结合目前工序中存在的问题,给出了一个更加侧重于产品更新的出版工序,不仅提高了海图出版的工效,也扩大了海图产品的多样性.

  19. Historical Epidemics Cartography Generated by Spatial Analysis: Mapping the Heterogeneity of Three Medieval "Plagues" in Dijon.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Galanaud

    Full Text Available This work was designed to adapt Geographical Information System-based spatial analysis to the study of historical epidemics. We mapped "plague" deaths during three epidemics of the early 15th century, analyzed spatial distributions by applying the Kulldorff's method, and determined their relationships with the distribution of socio-professional categories in the city of Dijon.Our study was based on a database including 50 annual tax registers (established from 1376 to 1447 indicating deaths and survivors among the heads of households, their home location, tax level and profession. The households of the deceased and survivors during 6 years with excess mortality were individually located on a georeferenced medieval map, established by taking advantage of the preserved geography of the historical center of Dijon. We searched for clusters of heads of households characterized by shared tax levels (high-tax payers, the upper decile; low-tax payers, the half charged at the minimum level or professional activities and for clusters of differential mortality.High-tax payers were preferentially in the northern intramural part, as well as most wealthy or specialized professionals, whereas low-tax payers were preferentially in the southern part. During two epidemics, in 1400-1401 and 1428, areas of higher mortality were found in the northern part whereas areas of lower mortality were in the southern one. A high concentration of housing and the proximity to food stocks were common features of the most affected areas, creating suitable conditions for rats to pullulate. A third epidemic, lasting from 1438 to 1440 had a different and evolving geography: cases were initially concentrated around the southern gate, at the confluence of three rivers, they were then diffuse, and ended with residual foci of deaths in the northern suburb.Using a selected historical source, we designed an approach allowing spatial analysis of urban medieval epidemics. Our results fit with the view that the 1400-1401 epidemic was a Black Death recurrence. They suggest that this was also the case in 1428, whereas in 1438-1440 a different, possibly waterborne, disease was involved.

  20. Mapping the underground: An ethnographic cartography of the Leeds extreme metal scene

    OpenAIRE

    Riches, G; Lashua, B.

    2014-01-01

    This article centralizes changes within Leeds’ popular ‘musicscape’, i.e., the relations between popular music and urban landscape. Focusing on Leeds’ extreme heavy metal musicscape, we map sites of the Leeds metal scene (past and present) in order to understand the shifting social relationships, effects of city centre regeneration, and the ways in which heavy metal music scenes have the ability to adapt and respond to continual modifications within the urban city. To address these concerns, ...

  1. BAORadio : Cartographie 3D de la distribution de gaz H$_I$ dans l'Univers

    CERN Document Server

    Ansari, R; Colom, P; Magneville, C; Martin, J M; Moniez, M; Rich, J; Yèche, C

    2011-01-01

    3D mapping of matter distribution in the universe through the 21 cm radio emission of atomic hydrogen is a complementary approach to optical surveys for the study of the Large Scale Structures, in particular for measuring the BAO (Baryon Acoustic Oscillation) scale up to redshifts z <~ 3 and constrain dark energy. We propose to carry such a survey through a novel method, called intensity mapping, without detecting individual galaxies radio emission. This method requires a wide band instrument, 100 MHz or larger, and multiple beams, while a rather modest angular resolution of 10 arcmin would be sufficient. The instrument would have a few thousand square meters of collecting area and few hundreds of simultaneous beams. These constraints could be fulfilled with a dense array of receivers in interferometric mode, or a phased array at the focal plane of a large antenna.

  2. Advances in micro-cartography: A two-dimensional photo mosaicing technique for seagrass monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rende, S. F.; Irving, A. D.; Bacci, T.; Parlagreco, L.; Bruno, F.; De Filippo, F.; Montefalcone, M.; Penna, M.; Trabucco, B.; Di Mento, R.; Cicero, A. M.

    2015-12-01

    Seagrass meadows are complex ecosystems representing an important source of biodiversity for coastal marine systems, but are subjected to numerous threats from natural and human-based influences. Due to their susceptibility to changing environmental conditions, seagrasses are habitually used in monitoring programmes as biological indicators to assess the ecological status of coastal environments. In this paper we used a non-destructive photo mosaicing technology to quantify seagrass distribution and abundance, and explore benefits of micro-cartographic analysis. Furthermore, the use of photogrammetric tools enhanced the method, which proved to be efficient due to its use of low-cost instruments and its simplicity of implementation. This paper describes the steps required to use this method in meadows of Posidonia oceanica, including: i) camera calibration procedures, ii) programming of video survey, iii) criteria to perform sampling activities, iv) data processing and micro-georeferenced maps restitution, and v) possible study applications.

  3. Illustrating the phaenomena celestial cartography in antiquity and the Middle Ages

    CERN Document Server

    Dekker, Elly

    2013-01-01

    In this volume all extant celestial maps and globes made before 1500 are described and analysed. It also discusses the astronomical sources involved in making these artefacts in antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Islamic world and the European Renaissance before 1500.

  4. Cartographies of the Political Camp of Afro-Descendents in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Lao-Montes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article lays out, in general terms, what it calls the political camp of Afro-descendents in Latin America. After establishing a series of theoretical and methodological criteria for the historical analysis of black movements in modernity and the Afro-American movements in particular, the article focuses on the emergence of afro-descendant movements in Latin America during the last part of the 1980s. One of the principal arguments is that in the 1990s a political camp of afro-descendents starts to emerge in the region of Latin America based on a series of developments, including the emergence of new social movements that included ethno-racial movements of Afros and indigenous people, events of regional importance like the contra-celebration of 1492 in 1992, the World Conference against Racism 2001 in Durban, South Africa, and the effects of the neoliberal pattern of globalization. The political camp of Afro-descendents is composed not only of social movements, but also of state actors and transnational actors (such as the World Bank and the Ford Foundation. The article concludes with an analysis of the challenges and perspectives of Afro-American politics in general and of Afro-Latin movements in particular considering the current crisis of the modern/colonial world-system.

  5. Bordering Binarities and Cognitive Cartography: What on Earth Does Literature Have to do with Border Transactions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Moi

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Although literature and poetry have numerous borders of their own,these are rarely assumed to have any significance for the world out-side the text itself. A number of reasons for this distinctive division certainly stem from the literary field itself. This paper intends to indicate the exclusivist stance of some theories of literature, and the inclucivist of others, before exploring the possibilities of bridging between borders in text and territory by reference to the life and literature of Oscar Wilde and a performative and imaginative analysis of Paul Muldoon's epigrammatic poem The Plot.

  6. Changes in soil sealing in Guadalajara (Spain): cartography with LANDSAT images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Rodríguez, Pilar; Pérez González, M Eugenia

    2007-05-25

    The great urban and industrial development of the towns surrounding Madrid has caused an irreversible and rapid soil loss. In this paper, soil sealed evolution in Guadalajara province during the past 15 years, mainly in the capital, industrial district and small municipalities near Madrid, has been studied. This province has experimented a sharp reduction of the most fertile soils, located on the Henares valley, due to the action of new models of local and regional development. The main goal of this paper is the mapping of the covered soils in a pilot area of Spain. Supervised classification of Landsat images from 1989 to 2002 has been carried out. Geo-referred image analysis allows us to detect precisely the amount of covered soils and where this phenomenon has taken place.

  7. Mapping the Vertical Battlespace:Towards a Legal Cartography of Aerial Sovereignty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munro, Campbell Alexander Omoluaye

    2014-01-01

    Proliferating drone violence has instantiated the notion of an unbounded global battlespace. Mapping the vertical battlespace layered over the target zones of the imperial periphery discloses how antecedent legalities legitimate violence exercised exclusively from above, and reveals the imperial...

  8. Three-dimensional cartography of functional territories in the human striatopallidal complex by using calbindin immunoreactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karachi, Carine; François, Chantal; Parain, Karine; Bardinet, Eric; Tandé, Dominique; Hirsch, Etienne; Yelnik, Jérôme

    2002-08-19

    This anatomic study presents an analysis of the distribution of calbindin immunohistochemistry in the human striatopallidal complex. Entire brains were sectioned perpendicularly to the mid-commissural line into 70-microm-thick sections. Every tenth section was immunostained for calbindin. Calbindin labeling exhibited a gradient on the basis of which three different regions were defined: poorly labeled, strongly labeled, and intermediate. Corresponding contours were traced in individual sections and reformatted as three-dimensional structures. The poorly labeled region corresponded to the dorsal part of the striatum and to the central part of the pallidum. The strongly labeled region included the ventral part of the striatum, the subcommissural part of the external pallidum but also the adjacent portion of its suscommissural part, and the anterior pole of the internal pallidum. The intermediate region was located between the poorly and strongly labeled regions. As axonal tracing and immunohistochemical studies in monkeys show a similar pattern, poorly, intermediate, and strongly labeled regions were considered as the sensorimotor, associative, and limbic territories of the human striatopallidal complex, respectively. However, the boundaries between these territories were not sharp but formed gradients of labeling, which suggests overlapping between adjacent territories. Similarly, the ventral boundary of the striatopallidal complex was blurred, suggesting a structural intermingling with the substantia innominata. This three-dimensional partitioning of the human striatopallidal complex could help to define functional targets for high-frequency stimulation with greater accuracy and help to identify new stimulation sites.

  9. CARTOGRAPHIE DU PLASMIDE pSU100, PLASMIDE CRYPTIQUE DE LACTOBACILLUS CASEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F BENSALAH

    2003-06-01

    Ce plasmide appelé pSU100 a été cloné dans le vecteur de transformation pUC18 au site EcoRI chez E. coli JM103. Les profils électrophorétiques de restriction obtenus par des digestions simples, doubles et triples sous l’action de 33 endonucléases, ont contribué à l’élaboration d’une carte de restriction de ce plasmide. Cinq sites uniques ont été identifiés, ainsi que d’autres sites doubles et multiples. Une étude préliminaire du rôle physiologique de ce plasmide a permis de déceler une résistance à la kanamycine.

  10. Historical Epidemics Cartography Generated by Spatial Analysis: Mapping the Heterogeneity of Three Medieval "Plagues" in Dijon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanaud, Pierre; Galanaud, Anne; Giraudoux, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This work was designed to adapt Geographical Information System-based spatial analysis to the study of historical epidemics. We mapped "plague" deaths during three epidemics of the early 15th century, analyzed spatial distributions by applying the Kulldorff's method, and determined their relationships with the distribution of socio-professional categories in the city of Dijon. Materials and Methods Our study was based on a database including 50 annual tax registers (established from 1376 to 1447) indicating deaths and survivors among the heads of households, their home location, tax level and profession. The households of the deceased and survivors during 6 years with excess mortality were individually located on a georeferenced medieval map, established by taking advantage of the preserved geography of the historical center of Dijon. We searched for clusters of heads of households characterized by shared tax levels (high-tax payers, the upper decile; low-tax payers, the half charged at the minimum level) or professional activities and for clusters of differential mortality. Results High-tax payers were preferentially in the northern intramural part, as well as most wealthy or specialized professionals, whereas low-tax payers were preferentially in the southern part. During two epidemics, in 1400–1401 and 1428, areas of higher mortality were found in the northern part whereas areas of lower mortality were in the southern one. A high concentration of housing and the proximity to food stocks were common features of the most affected areas, creating suitable conditions for rats to pullulate. A third epidemic, lasting from 1438 to 1440 had a different and evolving geography: cases were initially concentrated around the southern gate, at the confluence of three rivers, they were then diffuse, and ended with residual foci of deaths in the northern suburb. Conclusion Using a selected historical source, we designed an approach allowing spatial analysis of urban medieval epidemics. Our results fit with the view that the 1400–1401 epidemic was a Black Death recurrence. They suggest that this was also the case in 1428, whereas in 1438–1440 a different, possibly waterborne, disease was involved. PMID:26625117

  11. Navigating a social world with robot partners: A quantitative cartography of the Uncanny Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Maya B; Reichling, David B

    2016-01-01

    Android robots are entering human social life. However, human-robot interactions may be complicated by a hypothetical Uncanny Valley (UV) in which imperfect human-likeness provokes dislike. Previous investigations using unnaturally blended images reported inconsistent UV effects. We demonstrate an UV in subjects' explicit ratings of likability for a large, objectively chosen sample of 80 real-world robot faces and a complementary controlled set of edited faces. An "investment game" showed that the UV penetrated even more deeply to influence subjects' implicit decisions concerning robots' social trustworthiness, and that these fundamental social decisions depend on subtle cues of facial expression that are also used to judge humans. Preliminary evidence suggests category confusion may occur in the UV but does not mediate the likability effect. These findings suggest that while classic elements of human social psychology govern human-robot social interaction, robust UV effects pose a formidable android-specific problem.

  12. Lexical knowledge sources for cartography and GIS - development, current status and outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Wolf Günther

    2016-12-01

    Lexical knowledge sources are indispensable for research, education and general information. The transition of the reference works to the digital world has been a gradual one. This paper discusses the basic principles and structure of knowledge presentation, as well as user access and knowledge acquisition with specific consideration of contributions in German. The ideal reference works of the future should be interactive, optimally adapted to the user, reliable, current and quotable.

  13. Diagnosis of breast cancer by polarization cartography of human blood plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintser, Ozar P.; Oliinychenko, B. P.

    2012-01-01

    The possibilities of polarization-optical diagnostics of plasma protein structures changes, which are connected with the breast pathologies, were investigated. As the main investigation object it has been used the coordinate structure of polarization states distributions of blood plasma images. The results were obtained by means of novel technique of digital polarimetry. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of blood plasma smears and pathological state of the organism. The diagnostic criteria of breast cancer nascency are determined.

  14. Cartographie fine de qtl de fertilite femelle chez les bovins laitiers franÇais

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Jemaa, Slim

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to map finely female fertility (FF) QTL in the three main French dairy cattle breeds Prim'Holstein, Normande and Montbeliarde. The first step consisted in detecting QTL on 78 families in 12 genomic regions. Six FF QTL were found in Prim'Holstein and two in Normande breeds. In the second step of the study, the QTL on bovine chromosomes BTA01, BTA02, BTA03 and BTA21 were mapped on a sub-sample of 41 families and the confidence interval for BTA01 and BTA03 QTL was redu...

  15. Automated Cartography by an Autonomous Mobile Robot Using Ultrasonic Range Finders

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    allows the user to see a complete plot of the most recent robot mission. This button invokes the " gnuplot " program [Williams 92] which plots the...button runs the smm. sim.info - Output of reference posture by the simulation program. axis-data - Data for " gnuplot " program. B. Operations for the...the program has finished, gnuplot is automatically called to plot the robot’s whole trajectory to the screen or to the "ssl" printer. The robot’s

  16. FOR A CARTOGRAPHY OF CHILDHOOD: DOMESTICITY AND DOMESTICATION IN ANDEAN COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Soledad Lema

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An analytical comprehension of the native ways of perceiving the relationship and management practices that societies have with plant communities at the Andes, conduces us to highlight the place that the local practices of mutual nurturing have, as a relational metapattern between humans and non humans. Studying these practices leads us to consider a new optic to address domestication processes and management practices of plants, being the analysis of its spatiality an essential aspect. In this paper we will look at the way in which the exercise of nurturing redefines domestic spaces in a broader sense that the “household” has in a restrictive meaning, allowing the domestic –although not always domesticated- status of some plant populations at a local level, having an impact in the evolutionary trajectories of those taxa involved. Plant nurturing will take us to consider different spots which are essential in the reproduction of the network of amplified sociability, being necessary to analyze not only the places of cultivation but also the places for storage and their role in the nurturing of seeds.

  17. Cellular cartography : mapping the neuronal microtubule network using super-resolution microscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cloin, B.M.C.

    2016-01-01

    Described in this thesis are the development and use of novel single molecule localization microscopy technologies to gain new insights into (neuronal) microtubule organization. The image quality of single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) depends on a sound optical setup. Aberrations introduc

  18. Participation Cartography: Blurring the Boundaries of Space, Autobiography, and Memory by Means of Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…

  19. A new CGMW map: The structural map of the Indian Ocean: An attempt at ocean cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), an IUGS affiliated body, has just issued the first edition of the Structural Map of the Indian Ocean which was presented during the 32nd IGC (Florence). During the 1980's, the Commission published the Geological Atlas of the World, which included the maps of the 5 oceans of the globe. Two decades have elapsed and the knowledge of the sea-floor experienced very significant progress; therefore some 5 years ago, the Commission decided to launch a new type of ocean mapping. The Structural Map of the Indian Ocean is the first of this new series of maps.

  20. A Strange Cartography: Leylines, Landscape and “Deep Mapping” in the Works of Alfred Watkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Thurgill

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1921 the photographer, antiquarian and amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, delivered his newly formed thesis on the origins of ancient alignments in the west of England to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club of Hereford. Watkins posited a correlation between ancient forts, moats, mounds, churches, trees and place names, which he had shown to produce straight lines running across the landscape. In 1922 Watkins published his first book on the subject, Early British Trackways, mixing amateur archaeology, social history and supposition to introduce what Watkins named “leylines” and setting out the guidelines for other would-be ley hunters. This paper explores Watkins’ ley hunting as a practice of “deep mapping”, examining its use as an applied spatial engagement with the hidden trajectories of the landscape. In addition to providing a concise cultural history of the leyline, with particular reference to the works of Alfred Watkins, this paper develops a critical engagement with ley-walking through an auto-ethnographic response to a leyline that has been mapped and walked in Norfolk, England.

  1. Cosmic Thing: Astrology, Space Science, and Personal Cartography in Robert Rauschenberg's Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, C. L.

    2011-06-01

    The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.

  2. Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Metallicity Distribution Functions and the Chemical Structure of the Milky Way Disk

    CERN Document Server

    Hayden, Michael R; Holtzman, Jon A; Nidever, David L; Bird, Jonathan C; Weinberg, David H; Andrews, Brett H; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Anders, Friedrich; Beers, Timothy C; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Chiappini, Cristina; Cunha, Katia; Frinchaboy, Peter; García-Herńandez, Domingo A; Pérez, Ana E García; Girardi, Léo; Harding, Paul; Hearty, Fred R; Johnson, Jennifer A; Majewski, Steven R; Mészáros, Szabolcs; Minchev, Ivan; O'Connell, Robert; Pan, Kaike; Robin, Annie C; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schneider, Donald P; Schultheis, Mathias; Shetrone, Matthew; Skrutskie, Michael; Steinmetz, Matthias; Smith, Verne; Zamora, Olga; Zasowski, Gail

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 69,919 red giants from the SDSS-III/APOGEE Data Release 12, we measure the distribution of stars in the [$\\alpha$/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] plane and the metallicity distribution functions (MDF) across an unprecedented volume of the Milky Way disk, with radius $311$ kpc. The peak of the midplane MDF shifts to lower metallicity at larger $R$, reflecting the Galactic metallicity gradient. Most strikingly, the shape of the midplane MDF changes systematically with radius, with a negatively skewed distribution at $31$ kpc or [$\\alpha$/Fe]$>0.18$, the MDF shows little dependence on $R$. The positive skewness of the outer disk MDF may be a signature of radial migration; we show that blurring of stellar populations by orbital eccentricities is not enough to explain the reversal of MDF shape but a simple model of radial migration can do so.

  3. Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Large-scale Mean Metallicity Maps of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Hayden, Michael R; Bovy, Jo; Majewski, Steven R; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Beers, Timothy C; Cunha, Katia; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Pérez, Ana E García; Girardi, Léo; Hearty, Fred R; Johnson, Jennifer A; Lee, Young Sun; Nidever, David; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schlesinger, Katharine J; Schneider, Donald P; Schultheis, Mathias; Shetrone, Matthew; Smith, Verne V; Zasowski, Gail; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Feuillet, Diane; Hasselquist, Sten; Kinemuchi, Karen; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; O'Connell, Robert; Pan, Kaike; Stassun, Keivan

    2013-01-01

    We present Galactic mean metallicity maps derived from the first year of the SDSS-III APOGEE experiment. Mean abundances in different zones of Galactocentric radius (0 6 kpc, the gradient flattens as one moves off of the plane, and is flatter at all heights for high-[{\\alpha}/M] stars than for low-[{\\alpha}/M] stars. Alternatively, these gradients can be described as vertical gradients that flatten at larger Galactocentric radius; these vertical gradients are similar for both low and high-[{\\alpha}/M] populations. Stars with higher [{\\alpha}/M] appear to have a flatter radial gradient than stars with lower [{\\alpha}/M]. This could suggest that the metallicity gradient has grown steeper with time or, alternatively, that gradients are washed out over time by migration of stars.

  4. Chemical cartography with apogee: Large-scale mean metallicity maps of the Milky Way disk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayden, Michael R.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Lee, Young Sun [New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Bovy, Jo [Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Majewski, Steven R.; García Pérez, Ana E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Johnson, Jennifer A. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Beers, Timothy C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA, Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Cunha, Katia [Observatório Nacional, São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Frinchaboy, Peter M. [Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129 (United States); Girardi, Léo [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova-INAF, Vicolo dell' Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Hearty, Fred R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Nidever, David [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Schiavon, Ricardo P. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 ILD (United Kingdom); Schlesinger, Katharine J. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Mt. Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia); Schneider, Donald P. [Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400 (Brazil); Schultheis, Mathias, E-mail: mrhayden@nmsu.edu, E-mail: holtz@nmsu.edu, E-mail: yslee@nmsu.edu, E-mail: feuilldk@nmsu.edu [Observatoire de la Cote d' Azur, Boulevard de l' Observatoire, B.P. 4229, F-06304 NICE Cedex 4 (France); and others

    2014-05-01

    We present Galactic mean metallicity maps derived from the first year of the SDSS-III APOGEE experiment. Mean abundances in different zones of projected Galactocentric radius (0 < R < 15 kpc) at a range of heights above the plane (0 < |z| < 3 kpc), are derived from a sample of nearly 20,000 giant stars with unprecedented coverage, including stars in the Galactic mid-plane at large distances. We also split the sample into subsamples of stars with low- and high-[α/M] abundance ratios. We assess possible biases in deriving the mean abundances, and find that they are likely to be small except in the inner regions of the Galaxy. A negative radial metallicity gradient exists over much of the Galaxy; however, the gradient appears to flatten for R < 6 kpc, in particular near the Galactic mid-plane and for low-[α/M] stars. At R > 6 kpc, the gradient flattens as one moves off the plane, and is flatter at all heights for high-[α/M] stars than for low-[α/M] stars. Alternatively, these gradients can be described as vertical gradients that flatten at larger Galactocentric radius; these vertical gradients are similar for both low- and high-[α/M] populations. Stars with higher [α/M] appear to have a flatter radial gradient than stars with lower [α/M]. This could suggest that the metallicity gradient has grown steeper with time or, alternatively, that gradients are washed out over time by migration of stars.

  5. Ethnicity, Identity and Cartography: Possession/Dispossession, Homecoming /Homelessness in Contemporary Assam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parag Moni Sarma

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ethnicity is emerging as a focal consideration in the politics of identity in contemporary Assam, a state of the Indian union in the North East of India. Often identified as a flash point in the subversive politics that question the logistics of the Indian nation, North East India is emerging as a cartographic domain that posits questions of internal colonialism and hegemony. Cartographic reorientation of territory based on factors of linguistic and ethnic identity is perceived as a way to acquire new homelands that will foster self-validation and the ‘all round development’ of the people. The North East of India is dotted with armed insurrection for autonomous territories under the Indian Union or total severance, depending on the population and the spatial domain of the ethnic groups in question. The linkages with questions of social, cultural and political marginalisation, as well as political assertion provide interesting scope for academic exploration. The present paper seeks to understand and trace such assertive movements in Assam to forces of historical neglect as well as the rhetoric of marginalisation that is surfeit in contemporary assertive idioms of different ethnic groups.

  6. IMPACT OF THE CONCEPTUAL CARTOGRAPHY AS A COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY ON KNOWLEDGE

    OpenAIRE

    José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda; Sergio Tobón-Tobón

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: training high-level human capital due to current and emerging educational trends require new approaches to teaching. Objective: to analyze the impact of the conceptual mapping as a strategy for knowledge management. Methods: Quantitative under experimental design and application of the test t of Student. Results: inferential statistics showed the existence of significant values in the test performed, which allowed determine the range of probability of success that the use of con...

  7. Molecular cartography of proteins: surface relief analysis of the calf eye lens protein gamma-crystallin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirgadze, Y u; Kurochkina, N; Nikonov, S

    1989-11-01

    Methods of calculating the protein molecular surface and different map representations are described. The maps are obtained by projection of the space-filling molecular model on the surface of the ellipsoid of inertia. A new approach to surface analysis is proposed which is based on the use of three general maps: an identification map with all residues outlined, a surface relief map and a coloured map with a specific colour for each of the surface atoms. Superposition of these maps greatly simplifies molecular surface analysis. The usefulness of such an approach has been demonstrated by the study of the relief of the calf eye lens protein gamma-crystallin II. Protrusions of the relief have been shown to be occupied generally by charged residues, but in some cases by the hydrophobic ones. It is interesting to note that in crystal medium the protruding residues are involved, in the majority of cases, in intermolecular contacts. The protruding regions have been found to be pseudosymmetrical to each other in accordance with the two-fold rotation axis of the molecule. However, the colours of these regions, i.e. the atoms of the corresponding side chains, differ greatly.

  8. [Epicardial cartography and surgical treatment by simple ventriculotomy of certain resistant re-entry ventricular tachycardias].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, G; Guiraudon, G; Frank, R; Gerbaux, A; Cousteau, J P; Barrillon, A; Gay, J; Cabrol, C; Facquet, J

    1975-02-01

    Intraventricular reentry has been prooved by pre-operative electrophysiological studies in two patients without coronary artery disease and resistant ventricular tachycardia. A simple ventriculotomy oriented by epicardial mapping during tachycardia was successfull with a background of 9 and 14 months respectively. In addition, delayed epicardial potentials put into evidence an intraventricular reentry in human myocardium. This new method holds promises for the treatment of some resistant ventricular tachycardia.

  9. The Role and Place of Cartography in the Development of the Spatial Information Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olszewski, Robert

    2012-09-01

    Hundreds of various spatial databases and maps developed using those databases were created in Poland and abroad in the past decade. The majority of them were created ad hoc, in relation to implementation of current demands of particular institutions or organisations. Thus, the side effect |of rapid development of geoinformation was increasing organisational, methodological and conceptual chaos. Adoption and successive implementation of resolutions of the EU INSPIRE Direc- tive, as well as the Polish Act on the Spatial Information Infrastructure was the partial solution of the discussed issues. However, the legal acts of high grade specify only general rules of creation of the geoinformation infrastructure. The development of modem and functional spatial, reference and thematic databases requires detailed determination of a conceptual model of particular databases, the ways of their population, utilisation and processing of data stored in those databases. However, legislative activity is not the most important part of that process; appropriate understanding of sur- rounding geographic reality, resulting in the development of correct cartographic models, implemented in the form of spatial databases, is far more important. Therefore, after the period of rapid technological development and fascination of modem information solutions, the deep methodological reflection is necessary. W minionym dziesięcioleciu powstało, zarówno na świecie, jak i w Polsce, setki różnego rodzaju baz danych przestrzennych i opracowywanych na ich podstawie map. Większość z nich była tworzona ad hoc w związku z realizacją bieżących potrzeb danej instytucji czy organizacji. Skutkiem ubocznym gwałtownego rozwoju geoinformacji stał się zatem narastający chaos organizacyjny, metodyczny i koncepcyjny. Częściowym rozwiązaniem tego problemu stało się przyjęcie i sukcesywne wdrażanie zapisów unijnej dyrektywy INSPIRE i polskiej ustawy o infrastrukturze informacji przestrzennej. Akty prawne wysokiej rangi określają jednak tylko ogólne zasady tworzenia infrastruktury geoinfonnacyjnej. Do budowy nowoczesnych i funkcjonalnych baz danych przestrzennych o charakterze referencyjnym i tematycznym niezbędne jest bowiem szczegółowe określenie modelu koncepcyjnego poszczególnych baz. sposobu ich zasilania, wykorzystania oraz przetwarzania zgromadzonych w nich danych. Najistotniejszym elementem tego procesu nie jest zatem działanie legislacyjne, lecz właściwe zrozumienie otaczającej nas rzeczywistości geograficznej, przekładające się na utworzenie poprawnego modelu kartograficznego realizowanego w postaci bazy danych przestrzennych. Po okresie gw ałtownego roz- woju technologicznego i fascynacji nowoczesnymi rozwiązaniami informacyjnymi, niezbędna jest zatem głęboka refleksja metodyczna i koncepcyjna poprzedzająca dalsze działania wdrożeniowe.

  10. Earthquake effects on the environment: from historical descriptions to thematic cartography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Guidoboni

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Catalogue of Strong Italian Earthquakes, all testimonies relating to effects on the environment have been systematically analysed, geo-referenced and filed. This complex work of research and organisation has been conducted according to two main perspectives: the historical and the geological point of view. As regards the historical point of view, on the one hand the elements of complexity have been highlighted relative to data which, particularly before the seventeenth century, had been produced within cognitive and cultural contexts which are now extremely remote and beyond naturalistic logic. On the other hand, from the seventeenth century, the growing attention of the cultural élite of the era towards environmental phenomena (now being seen within a naturalistic perspective, favoured the gradual enhancement of the corpus of information, also as regards the quality of the data. 2053 effects of earthquakes on the environment are listed in the CFTI3, classified into five categories which are in turn divided into other descriptive typologies. Many examples are also provided with the purpose of outlining the specific problems concerning the available data. As regards the geological point of view, the effects described in historical sources may be divided into two categories: the effects related to shaking, and the effects which may be due directly to the seismogenic source, generally with less territorial impact but of considerable scientific interest. Reference is also made to the various attempts to codify the environmental effects of earthquakes within the traditional macroseismic scales, although it is acknowledged that this operation is fraught with ambiguities. Prospective users of the CFTI3 are encouraged to take advantage of the availability of the original testimonies to develop their own interpretations of the phenomena described.

  11. Cartography of high-dimensional flows: A visual guide to sections and slices

    CERN Document Server

    Cvitanovic, Predrag; Carroll, Keith M; Robbins, Bryce; Siminos, Evangelos

    2012-01-01

    Symmetry reduction by the method of slices quotients the continuous symmetries of chaotic flows by replacing the original state space by a set of charts, each covering a neighborhood of a dynamically important class of solutions, qualitatively captured by a `template'. Together these charts provide an atlas of the symmetry-reduced `slice' of state space, charting the regions of the manifold explored by the trajectories of interest. Within the slice, relative equilibria reduce to equilibria and relative periodic orbits reduce to periodic orbits. Visualizations of these solutions and their unstable manifolds reveal their interrelations and the role they play in organizing turbulence/chaos.

  12. Neurologic heuristics and artistic whimsy: the cerebral cartography of Wilder Penfield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Peter J; Whitaker, Harry A

    2013-01-01

    Neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield played a singularly important role in expanding our knowledge of functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology in the twentieth century. Trained under Charles Sherrington, William Osler, and Otfrid Foerster, Penfield was an early leader in efforts to map the cerebral cortex via direct electrical stimulation of the brain. In 1937, Penfield introduced an entirely new concept for illustrating the relative sizes and locations of discrete functional regions within the sensorimotor cortex--the homunculus-to exemplify the "order and comparative extent" of specific functional regions. Over the subsequent two decades, Penfield and colleagues introduced several more "little men" to portray the functional maps of other important brain structures (i.e., supplementary motor area, insular cortex, thalamus). These later homunculi were more crudely drawn, and Penfield referred to them as essentially heuristic devices. The actual intent in producing these homunculi remains uncertain, and despite the extraordinary impact of these artistic renderings on the field, the question is raised as to whether the allure of the artwork seemed to wrest control from-and then to guide-the dissemination of science, rather than the other way around.

  13. Towards a New Cartography of Curriculum Reform: Reflections on Educational Decentralization in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussel, Ines; Tiramonti, Guillermina; Birgin, Alejandra

    2000-01-01

    States that educational reforms in Argentina have reshaped both school knowledge and institutional patterns of school administration. Analyzes the process of "curriculum reterritorialization" in Argentina, the contradictions and displacements it produces, and the hybrid products that result. Traces reterritorialization through four…

  14. Stellar Cartography: A Three-Dimensional View of the Magellanic System using Spitzer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madore, Barry

    We will use the data obtained by the Spitzer SAGE-LMC, SAGE-SMC and SAGE-Var programs to measure the three-dimensional structure of the Magellanic System using Cepheids. Cepheids have been demonstrated to have a narrow period-luminosity relation in the mid-infrared, such that mean magnitudes, and hence distances, can be obtained with high precision. In the Magellanic System we will be able to obtain distances with precisions of 5% to individual Cepheids. Using around 5000 Cepheids --- a factor of 50 more than our previous works --- and with newly discovered Cepheids in the Magellanic Bridge, we will be able to study the 3D structure of the System at an unprecedented fidelity. Understanding the structure of the Magellanic System is key to understanding its evolutionary history. A more precise three dimensional representation of the system will enable us to distinguish between different theoretical models, such as those in which the Clouds experience a close pass and those in which they experience a merger event. We will create templates light curves to phase the mid--IR Cepheid observations with the publicly available optical OGLE light curves to determine accurate mean magnitudes for these stars. We will also create a deep field using the newly released SAGE—Var data in order to measure the old, RR Lyrae population for comparison with the young, Cepheid population. This project is complementary to the on-going Spitzer Exploration Science SMHASH program, which is studying the structure of the Milky Way using mid-infrared observations of RR Lyrae. We will be able to use the results from this work in concert with SMHASH to produce a 3D representation of the MW-LMC-SMC system, bypassing the systematics of using multiple telescopes. The project lays an excellent foundation for future JWST and WFIRST projects studying the evolution of dwarf galaxy systems. The in--depth study of the well resolved, interacting LMC-SMC pair that we will perform will be used as an archetype for studies of more distant interacting dwarfs in the JWST era. These will be studied at the same wavelengths that Spitzer uses today.

  15. Part 1: World Maps, Worldviews, and World History. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1991-01-01

    Examines how teachers can capitalize on interest in the age of the discoveries as the five-hundredth anniversary of Columbus' first voyage approaches. Indicates that a series of articles on the discoveries is intended to offer teachers a framework of themes that can inform their conceptions of world history as a high school course. (SG)

  16. Chemical cartography of the milky way disk with the SDSS-III/Apogee survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, Michael R.

    In this thesis I discuss the chemical structure of the Milky Way disk. Much of our knowledge of the Milky Way is restricted to the solar neighborhood due to the significant dust extinction directly in the plane of the Galaxy. SDSS-III/APOGEE is a high-resolution spectroscopic survey of more than 100,000 giant stars operating in the infrared, where extinction is ~ 1/6 compared to visual wavelengths. Individual stars are useful tracers for studying the chemical and kinematic history of the Galaxy, as they contain the chemical imprint of the gas from which they formed. I develop a Bayesian method to determine distances to every star in the APOGEE survey by comparing the observed stellar parameters from APOGEE to theoretical stellar isochrones. Using observations taken during the first year of APOGEE operations, I made mean metallicity maps and characterized radial and vertical chemical abundance gradients across the entire disk of the Galaxy at a range of heights about the plane, from 0 < R < 15 kpc and 0 < ∣z∣ < 3 kpc. Different stellar populations can be separated using [ a/Fe] abundance, and I analyze the stellar distribution in the [ a/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] plane across the disk from 3 < R < 15 kpc and at a range of heights above the plane (∣z∣ < 2 kpc) using the full three years of APOGEE observations. The metallicity distribution function (MDF) is a primary constraint for chemical evolution models, and I measure the MDF across the disk of the Milky Way. I find that the peak metallicity and shape of the MDF is a strong function of location within the Galaxy. Close to the plane, the inner disk is peaked at super-solar metallicities with a long tail towards lower metallicities (negative skewness), while the outer disk is peaked at sub-solar metallicities and a tail towards higher metallicities (positive skewness). The change in skewness with radius is difficult to explain using traditional chemical evolution models, and I made a simple model of the dynamics of the Milky Way to see if radial mixing could explain the observations of the MDF. I find that radial migration is necessary to reproduced the observed MDFs of the APOGEE survey.

  17. Geological Cartography of Inner Materials of an Impact Crater on Nepenthes Mensae, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenciano, A.; de Pablo, M. A.

    2012-03-01

    We present the geological map and a brief description of the materials, its geological history and an approach to their astrobiological and exopaleontological implications from sedimentary materials located into impact crater, in Nepenthes Mensae, Mars.

  18. Cartographie de la couverture de la Terre par les satellites d'observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvette PALAZOT

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Les satellites à défilement destinés à l'étude de la surface terrestre observent l'ensemble du globe en un temps variant avec la largeur de leur champ d'observation et le rythme de leurs passages. Les cartes proposées, en projection stéréographique polaire, montrent la répartition des couvertures en surface et dans le temps, au cours des révolutions successives.

  19. Three-dimensional cartography of hematopoietic clusters in the vasculature of whole mouse embryos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Yokomizo (Tomomasa); E.A. Dzierzak (Elaine)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractHematopoietic cell clusters in the aorta of vertebrate embryos play a pivotal role in the formation of the adult blood system. Despite their importance, hematopoietic clusters have not been systematically quantitated or mapped because of technical limitations posed by the opaqueness of w

  20. Metabolic cartography: experimental quantification of metabolic fluxes from isotopic labelling studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, John; Schwender, Jörg; Shachar-Hill, Yair; Morgan, John A

    2012-03-01

    For the past decade, flux maps have provided researchers with an in-depth perspective on plant metabolism. As a rapidly developing field, significant headway has been made recently in computation, experimentation, and overall understanding of metabolic flux analysis. These advances are particularly applicable to the study of plant metabolism. New dynamic computational methods such as non-stationary metabolic flux analysis are finding their place in the toolbox of metabolic engineering, allowing more organisms to be studied and decreasing the time necessary for experimentation, thereby opening new avenues by which to explore the vast diversity of plant metabolism. Also, improved methods of metabolite detection and measurement have been developed, enabling increasingly greater resolution of flux measurements and the analysis of a greater number of the multitude of plant metabolic pathways. Methods to deconvolute organelle-specific metabolism are employed with increasing effectiveness, elucidating the compartmental specificity inherent in plant metabolism. Advances in metabolite measurements have also enabled new types of experiments, such as the calculation of metabolic fluxes based on (13)CO(2) dynamic labelling data, and will continue to direct plant metabolic engineering. Newly calculated metabolic flux maps reveal surprising and useful information about plant metabolism, guiding future genetic engineering of crops to higher yields. Due to the significant level of complexity in plants, these methods in combination with other systems biology measurements are necessary to guide plant metabolic engineering in the future.

  1. Mapping the Networks in Hyperlink Movies: Rethinking the Concept of Cartography through Network Narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxime Labrecque

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Network narratives, hyperlink or ensemble movies are a seductive introduction to the complexity of our globalized world and our social interactions. Using two popular examples, Babel and Love Actually, I explore the uses and the limits of the social network, respectively through a global and deterritorialised network and a local one that reveals kinship. Using the dynamic of networks to represent the characters’ interactions, these types of films nonetheless need boundaries. In the context of globalization, hyperlink movies are the mirror of a new geography but cannot show the complexity and the extent of it all since they are restricted by their own limits, being a narrative medium with a specific length. Hyperlink movies therefore present an interesting compromise, using a popular narrative technique to showcase a complex phenomenon.

  2. 制图六体实为制图"三体"论%Rethinking the Meaning of the Six Principles of Cartography and Its Role in the History of Chinese Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩昭庆

    2015-01-01

    制图六体指方率、准望、道里、高下、方邪及迂直,是我国最早的制图原则.从后三体与前三体的叙述方式明显不同、古文的文法、历史文献中对后三体的记载,以及古人的解释等四个方面,来看后三体实为前三体的补充解释.前三体实为制图的三个原则,即方位、比例尺以及图上距离,后三体则是补充解释图上距离需要考虑实际路程会因道路随地势起伏、弯曲而发生变化的情况,以解决把三维立体转换到二维平面的问题.此外,对制图六体的地位进行了评述.

  3. High-resolution tSZ cartography of clusters of galaxies with NIKA at the IRAM 30-m telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Mayet, F; Adane, A; Ade, P; André, P; Arnaud, M; Bartalucci, I; Beelen, A; Benoît, A; Bideaud, A; Billot, N; Blanquer, G; Boudou, N; Bourrion, O; Calvo, M; Catalano, A; Coiffard, G; Comis, B; Cruciani, A; Désert, F -X; Doyle, S; Goupy, J; Hasnoun, B; Hermelo, I; Kramer, C; Lagache, G; Leclercq, S; Macías-Pérez, J F; Mauskopf, P; Monfardini, A; Pajot, F; Perotto, L; Pointecouteau, E; Ponthieu, N; Pratt, G W; Revéret, V; Ritacco, A; Rodriguez, L; Ruppin, F; Schuster, K; Sievers, A; Triqueneaux, S; Tucker, C; Zylka, R

    2016-01-01

    The thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (tSZ) is a powerful probe to study clusters of galaxies and is complementary with respect to X-ray, lensing or optical observations. Previous arcmin resolution tSZ observations ({\\it e.g.} SPT, ACT and Planck) only enabled detailed studies of the intra-cluster medium morphology for low redshift clusters ($z < 0.2$). Thus, the development of precision cosmology with clusters requires high angular resolution observations to extend the understanding of galaxy cluster towards high redshift. NIKA2 is a wide-field (6.5 arcmin field of view) dual-band camera, operated at $100 \\ {\\rm mK}$ and containing $\\sim 3300$ KID (Kinetic Inductance Detectors), designed to observe the millimeter sky at 150 and 260 GHz, with an angular resolution of 18 and 12 arcsec respectively. The NIKA2 camera has been installed on the IRAM 30-m telescope (Pico Veleta, Spain) in September 2015. The NIKA2 tSZ observation program will allow us to observe a large sample of clusters (50) at redshift ranging...

  4. Préserver les archives photographiques africaines : pour une cartographie des acteurs et des initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Nur Goni

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Alors que les œuvres des photographes africains suscitent un intérêt croissant de la part des institutions basées au Nord et que nombre d’initiatives pour les promouvoir voient le jour en Afrique, les archives photographiques historiques connaissent aujourd’hui, sur le continent, un avenir incertain. Cependant, des acteurs divers et toujours plus nombreux se mobilisent pour la sauvegarde de ce qu’ils considèrent comme un patrimoine en danger, capable d’enrichir l’écriture de l’histoire des pays dont ils sont issus, ainsi que celle de l’histoire de la photographie mondiale. Cet article tente de retracer leurs profils et projets, ainsi que les moyens et contextes dans lesquels ils opèrent.

  5. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%.

  6. Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Holon

    Full Text Available Ecosystem services provided by oceans and seas support most human needs but are threatened by human activities. Despite existing maps illustrating human impacts on marine ecosystems, information remains either large-scale but rough and insufficient for stakeholders (1 km² grid, lack of data along the coast or fine-scale but fragmentary and heterogeneous in methodology. The objectives of this study are to map and quantify the main pressures exerted on near-coast marine ecosystems, at a large spatial scale though in fine and relevant resolution for managers (one pixel = 20 x 20 m. It focuses on the French Mediterranean coast (1,700 km of coastline including Corsica at a depth of 0 to 80 m. After completing and homogenizing data presently available under GIS on the bathymetry and anthropogenic pressures but also on the seabed nature and ecosystem vulnerability, we provide a fine modeling of the extent and impacts of 10 anthropogenic pressures on marine habitats. The considered pressures are man-made coastline, boat anchoring, aquaculture, urban effluents, industrial effluents, urbanization, agriculture, coastline erosion, coastal population and fishing. A 1:10 000 continuous habitat map is provided considering 11 habitat classes. The marine bottom is mostly covered by three habitats: infralittoral soft bottom, Posidonia oceanica meadows and circalittoral soft bottom. Around two thirds of the bottoms are found within medium and medium high cumulative impact categories. Seagrass meadows are the most impacted habitats. The most important pressures (in area and intensity are urbanization, coastal population, coastal erosion and man-made coastline. We also identified areas in need of a special management interest. This work should contribute to prioritize environmental needs, as well as enhance the development of indicators for the assessment of the ecological status of coastal systems. It could also help better apply and coordinate management measures at a relevant scale for biodiversity conservation.

  7. Protein-mRNA interactome capture: cartography of the mRNP landscape [version 1; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean P. Ryder

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available RNA-binding proteins play a variety of roles in cellular physiology. Some regulate mRNA processing, mRNA abundance, and translation efficiency. Some fight off invader RNA through small RNA-driven silencing pathways. Others sense foreign sequences in the form of double-stranded RNA and activate the innate immune response. Yet others, for example cytoplasmic aconitase, act as bi-functional proteins, processing metabolites in one conformation and regulating metabolic gene expression in another. Not all are involved in gene regulation. Some play structural roles, for example, connecting the translational machinery to the endoplasmic reticulum outer membrane. Despite their pervasive role and relative importance, it has remained difficult to identify new RNA-binding proteins in a systematic, unbiased way. A recent body of literature from several independent labs has defined robust, easily adaptable protocols for mRNA interactome discovery. In this review, I summarize the methods and review some of the intriguing findings from their application to a wide variety of biological systems.

  8. Au-delà de la perspective, cartographier le passé Beyond perspective, mapping out the past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Hatzfeld

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article présente diverses temporalités qui apparaissent dans l’étude du passé d’une usine. La première, pour l’auteur, consiste à prendre le contrôle d’une mémoire dotée d’une ancienne expérience d’usine et à construire une relation méthodique au passé. D’où l’élaboration d’un ancrage dans le présent des problématiques, à travers une revisite – participante – des ateliers. La seconde consiste à rompre l’apparente continuité entre passé et présent et à suivre les spécificités d’un traitement historien d’éléments du passé. Il s’agit, ici à partir de questions d’usine et de travail, d’agencer entre eux ces éléments de sorte à composer une représentation du passé qui ne dépende pas étroitement du regard présent. Dans cette représentation, de fait, les dynamiques de changement et de continuité varient selon les questions posées au passé. Qu’il s’agisse des conditions du travail ou d’horaires, d’emploi ou de conflictualité, ces dynamiques ont des singularités qui conduisent à penser le temps comme pluriel et plastique.This paper presents different kinds of temporality emerging from the historical study of an industrial plant. The first consists in the author’s taking over the memory of an industrial worker’s former experience, and building a methodical relation to the past. By reworking in the plant, he clearly establishes his research in the present. The paper then breaks the apparent continuity between past and present, and adopts the specific historical approach to elements of the past. Through questions concerning the job, this approach attempts to make those elements work together, in order to create a representation of the past independent from the present perspective. In this historical representation, dynamics and rhythms of change and continuity vary according to the questions asked in past tense. Whether it is about working conditions or working hours, about employment or conflicts, the dynamics show particulars conducive to envisaging time as plural and plastic.

  9. Un exercice de cartographie sur le développement industriel de l'Europe en 1860

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis ECKERT

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available L'exercice proposé relate une expérience réalisée avec les élèves d'une classe de Seconde. Il rend compte des étapes et interrogations menant de la statistique à l'exploitation cartographique.

  10. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries, Part 5: Ptolemy's Map of the World, A.D. 1478.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1992-01-01

    Describes Ptolemy's map of the world. Discusses the idea of mapping the ecumene or known world. Lists Ptolemy's map making conventions still in use today including location of north at the top, 90 degrees latitude between the equator and each pole, and style of representing physical features. Emphasizes Ptolemy's view of the world as dynamic. (DK)

  11. Cartographie 3D et localisation par vision monoculaire pour la navignation autonome d'un robot mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Royer, Eric

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents the realization of a localization system for a mobile robot relying on monocular vision. The aim of this project is to be able to make a robot follow a path in autonomous navigation in an urban environment. First, the robot is driven manually. During this learning step, the on board camera records a video sequence. After an off-line processing step, an image taken with the same hardware allows to compute the pose of the robot in real-time. This localization can be used to...

  12. cARTography / kARTografija – Konferencija / Izložbe / Radionica, Zagreb, 15. travnja 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hrvatsko kartografsko društvo, Ge­­­o­­­detski fakultet i Akademija likovnih umjetnosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, u su­ra­dnji s Odjelom za geografiju Sveuči­lišta u Zadru, organizirali su konferen­ciju Kartografija i umjetnost – kARTografija. Prof. Dr. Georg Gartner, predsjednik Međunarodnoga kartografskog društva (International Cartographic Associa­tion – ICA bio je pozvani predavač.Pri proučavanju slikovnoga materijala obično se karte smatraju jednom vrstom objekata, a slike nekom dru­gom. Karte pružaju informacije o položaju i veličini mjesta te daju odnose između mjesta – to su podaci koji se najčešće mogu izmjeriti. Za razliku od karata, slike krajolika evociraju, pobu­đuju predodžbe, njihov cilj je komunicirati kvalitetu mjesta ili potaknuti gledateljeve osjećaje o tome. Karte su bliže znanosti, a slike krajolika umjetnosti i to je opći i uobičajeni pogled ili stav.

  13. Contribution à la cartographie géomorphologique de la dynamique sédimentaire des petits bassins versants torrentiels

    OpenAIRE

    Theler, D.

    2010-01-01

    Les laves torrentielles sont l'un des vecteurs majeurs de sédiments en milieu montagneux. Leur comportement hydrogéomorphologique est contrôlé par des facteurs géologique, géomorphologique, topographique, hydrologique, climatique et anthropique. Si, en Europe, la recherche s'est plus focalisée sur les aspects hydrologiques que géomorphologiques de ces phénomènes, l'identification des volumes de sédiments potentiellement mobilisables au sein de petits systèmes torrentiels et des processus resp...

  14. Epistemology – the Theory of Knowledge or Knowing? Appreciating Gregory Bateson’s Contribution to the Cartography of Human Cognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdzislaw Wasik

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at a confrontation of two approaches to epistemology in order to answer the question posed in its title whether the theory of knowledge should focus on static or dynamic aspects of human cognition. In the first part, the author presents a metascientific understanding of epistemology defined in his own works as an ordered set of investigative perspectives, which practicing researchers have at their disposal when they are interested to attain a specific state of knowledge, or to support their beliefs about the nature of investigative domains with regard to the existence forms and accessibility of investigated objects. And, in the second, the subject matter of a more detailed presentation constitutes a psychophysiological approach to epistemology pertaining to the human organism preoccupied with sensorial and mental activities as a cognizing subject who aims at achieving a certain kind of information about reality. Common for both approaches to epistemology is the attainment of experiential knowledge. However, when the metascientific epistemology refers to a dispositional-perspectivistic state of knowledge acquired in cognition, the attention of the psychophysiological epistemology is paid to cognitive-constructivists activities of human organisms as subject acquiring their knowledge through personal experiences.

  15. Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holon, Florian; Mouquet, Nicolas; Boissery, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Delaruelle, Gwenaelle; Tribot, Anne-Sophie; Deter, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem services provided by oceans and seas support most human needs but are threatened by human activities. Despite existing maps illustrating human impacts on marine ecosystems, information remains either large-scale but rough and insufficient for stakeholders (1 km² grid, lack of data along the coast) or fine-scale but fragmentary and heterogeneous in methodology. The objectives of this study are to map and quantify the main pressures exerted on near-coast marine ecosystems, at a large spatial scale though in fine and relevant resolution for managers (one pixel = 20 x 20 m). It focuses on the French Mediterranean coast (1,700 km of coastline including Corsica) at a depth of 0 to 80 m. After completing and homogenizing data presently available under GIS on the bathymetry and anthropogenic pressures but also on the seabed nature and ecosystem vulnerability, we provide a fine modeling of the extent and impacts of 10 anthropogenic pressures on marine habitats. The considered pressures are man-made coastline, boat anchoring, aquaculture, urban effluents, industrial effluents, urbanization, agriculture, coastline erosion, coastal population and fishing. A 1:10 000 continuous habitat map is provided considering 11 habitat classes. The marine bottom is mostly covered by three habitats: infralittoral soft bottom, Posidonia oceanica meadows and circalittoral soft bottom. Around two thirds of the bottoms are found within medium and medium high cumulative impact categories. Seagrass meadows are the most impacted habitats. The most important pressures (in area and intensity) are urbanization, coastal population, coastal erosion and man-made coastline. We also identified areas in need of a special management interest. This work should contribute to prioritize environmental needs, as well as enhance the development of indicators for the assessment of the ecological status of coastal systems. It could also help better apply and coordinate management measures at a relevant scale for biodiversity conservation. PMID:26266542

  16. Évolution récente de la population de Russie (1979-2002: cartographie interactive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Eckert

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The regional distribution of Russia's population changed substantially between the three censuses of 1979, 1989 and 2002. Despite obvious imperfections, the last Russian census offers an overview of the main trends. The key dynamics are highlighted by webbased SVG interactive mapping. Readers can traverse the series of analytical maps proposed, on the scale they and with permanent access to the source data.

  17. Cartographie normalisée de l’évolution du trait de côte

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahima Faye; Emmanuel Giraudet; Françoise Gourmelon; Alain Henaff

    2011-01-01

    Dans le cadre d'un projet régional de suivi du trait de côte d'Afrique de l'Ouest, une réflexion méthodologique visant à normaliser la présentation cartographique des synthèses diachroniques locales a été engagée. Cependant, l'étendue des variations spatio-temporelles de la position de ce linéaire côtier de plus de 5000 km est très grande tandis que localement, ses mouvements sont parfois si minimes qu'il est difficile d'en rendre compte cartographiquement même à grande échelle. Pour exprimer...

  18. Simultaneous Cartography of Aerosol Opacity and Surface Albedo of Titan by the Massive Inversion of the Cassini/VIMS Dataset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, S.; Maltagliati, L.; Sotin, C.; Rannou, P.; Cornet, T.; Hirtzig, M.; Appéré, T.; Solomonidou, A.; Le Mouelic, S.; Coustenis, A.; Brown, R. H.

    2015-12-01

    Mapping Titan's surface albedo is a necessary step to give reliable constraints on its composition. However, surface albedo maps of Titan, especially over large regions, are still very rare, the surface windows being strongly affected by atmospheric effects (absorption, scattering). A full radiative transfer model is an essential tool to remove these effects, but too time-consuming to treat systematically the ~40000 hyperspectral images VIMS acquired since the beginning of the mission. We developed a massive inversion of VIMS data based on lookup tables computed from a state-of-the-art radiative transfer model (Hirtzig et al. 2013), updated with new aerosol properties coming from our analysis of the Emission Phase Function observation acquired recently by VIMS. Once the physical properties of gases, aerosols and surface are fixed, the lookup tables are built for the remaining free parameters: the incidence, emergence and azimuth angles, given by navigation; and two products (the aerosol opacity and the surface albedo at all wavelengths). The lookup table grid was carefully selected after thorough testing. The data inversion on these pre-computed spectra (opportunely interpolated) is more than 1000 times faster than recalling the full radiative transfer at each minimization step. We present here the results from selected flybys. We invert mosaics composed by couples of flybys observing the same area at two different times. The composite albedo maps do not show significant discontinuities in any of the surface windows, suggesting a robust correction of the effects of the geometry (and thus the aerosols) on the observations. Maps of aerosol and albedo uncertainties are also provided, with the absolute error on the albedo being approximately between 1 and 3% (depending on the surface window considered). We are thus able to provide for the first time ever reliable surface albedo maps at pixel scale for the whole VIMS spectral range.

  19. Chemical Cartography in the Milky Way with SDSS/APOGEE: Multi-element abundances and abundance ratio variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtzman, Jon A.; Hasselquist, Sten; Johnson, Jennifer; Bird, Jonathan C.; Majewski, Steven R.; SDSS/APOGEE Team

    2017-01-01

    The SDSS/APOGEE project is measuring abundances of multiple elements for several hundred thousand stars across the Milky Way. These allow the mapping of abundances and abundance ratio variations. Results will be presented for multiple abundance ratios across of the Galactic disk. The interpretation of mean abundance maps is complicated by variations in star formation history across the disk and by changing abundance ratios that result from an overall metallicity gradient. Variations in chemical abundance sequences, however, show the potential for using abundance ratios to track the movement of stars through the disk, and provide key information for constraining Galaxy formation and chemical evolution models.

  20. Geochemical cartography as a tool for assessing the degree of soil contamination with heavy metals in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymon Borkowski, Andrzej; Kwiatkowska-Malina, Jolanta

    2016-04-01

    Spatial disposition of chemical elements including heavy metals in the soil environment is a very important information during preparation of the thematic maps for the environmental protection and/or spatial planning. This knowledge is also essential for the earth's surface and soil's monitoring, designation of areas requiring improvement including remediation. The main source of anthropogenic pollution of soil with heavy metals are industry related to the mining coal and liquid fuels, mining and metallurgy, chemical industry, energy production, waste management, agriculture and transport. The geochemical maps as a kind of specific thematic maps made on the basis of datasets obtained from the Polish Geological Institute's resources allow to get to know the spatial distribution of different chemical elements including heavy metals in soil. The results of the research carried out by the Polish Geological Institute showed strong contamination in some regions in Poland mainly with arsenic, cadmium, lead and nickel. For this reason it was the point to prepare geochemical maps showing contamination of soil with heavy metals, and determine main sources of contamination and zones where heavy metals concentration was higher than acceptable contents. It was also presented a summary map of soil contamination with heavy metals. Additionally, location of highly contaminated zones was compiled with predominant in those areas types of arable soils and then results were thoroughly analyzed. This information can provide a base for further detailed studies on the soil contamination with heavy metals.

  1. Vers une cartographie sémantique non supervisée et incrémentale

    OpenAIRE

    Duceux, Guillaume

    2015-01-01

    Robots are slowly entering our houses. But for them to perform more difficult and interesting tasks, they need to have a richer knowledge of the different objects and places present in a particular household. Building and using such a complex knowledge is called semantic mapping and navigation, which requires many different capabilities such as mapping, localization and object recognition. Most of them have been thoroughly studied in the past but often separately and in a different context. W...

  2. Évolution et rôle de la cartographie dans la gestion des zones inondables en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérald GARRY

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les Plans d’Exposition aux Risques (PER commencés en 1984 ont été à l’origine d’une véritable réflexion en matière de prévention des risques naturels, qui s’est caractérisée par la mise au point d’une méthodologie des études, notamment dans le domaine des inondations, et par l’élaboration de cartes dont les applications se sont progressivement étendues et complétées au regard de la planification, de l’information préventive et de la gestion de crise.

  3. MODELISATION ET CARTOGRAPHIE DES RISQUES DE L’EROSION HYDRIQUE: CAS DU BASSIN VERSANT DE L'OUED LARBAA, MAROC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelhamid Sadiki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La estimación de la erosión hídrica es común en las directivas PAP/CAR basadas sobre tres aproximaciones, una predictiva, una descriptiva y una de integración que permite jerarquizar la cuenca vertiente del río Larbaa situado al norte de Taza, en parcelas en función del peligro de degradación erosiva y de las tendencias relativas. La aproximación predictiva utiliza la cartografía y el análisis espacial de factores naturales (pendiente, cobertera vegetal y litología así como el tratamiento de las tablas de datos al aplicar los algoritmos que automatizan los procesos suministrados por las informaciones sobre el estado actual de la degradación de suelos y sobre los factores cuasantes de esta degradación. La aproximación descriptiva basada sobre el inventario y la cartografía de las formas reales de erosión han mostrado que la pérdida de suelo se manifiesta por diferentes procesos de erosión hídrica. La aproximación de la integración resultante de la superposición de la cartografía predictiva y descriptiva ha permitido demostrar la coincidencia de ciertos estados muy degradados con formas de erosión particulares y otros estados más estables con formas de erosión menores donde decididamente las zonas son estables. Ello muestra también las tendencias agravantes para ciertas zonas donde hay regresión de la degradación.

  4. 21st Century cartography in the service of Enresa; Cartografia del siglo XXI al servicio de Enresa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cienfuegos Hevia, I.

    2013-05-01

    Geographic information systems (GIS) are used to store and process both physical and social-economic information of a territory. Topography, vegetation, hydrology, geology, weather conditions, population, protected spaces. An endless list of details that, organized and put on maps, are very useful in numerous fields, including the handling of radioactive waste. Enresa uses these tools in many of its activities: site selection, characterization studies, monitoring of radiological and environmental surveillance programs in facilities such as El Cabril (Cordoba), or in the preparation of documentation that helped to locate the Centralized Temporary Storage (CTS) facility for high level waste in Villar de Canas (Cuenca). These cartographic instruments have also shown their usefulness in the dismantling of facilities such as the old Uranium Factory in Andujar (Jaen) or the nuclear power stations of Vandellos I (Tarragona), currently in latency phase, and Jose Cabrera (Zorita, Guadalajara), which is currently being decommissioned. At present, GIS tools provide major advantages: they reduce the number of reports and conventional map collections, support faster and easier access to information in more manageable ways resulting in technical resource and time savings, quick updates of maps and records under constant evolution, and streamlined decision-taking processes. (Author)

  5. The Review of Chinese History Cartography%中国历史地图学研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑鹏

    2014-01-01

    20世纪80年代以来,中国历史地图学的研究涉及历史地图学的理论与方法研究、中国古地图的出土与研究、中国历史时期各类地图集编绘、中国历史地图集的评介与研究、中国地图学史研究、国外藏中国历史地图的复原与研究等方面.

  6. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries, Part 4: A World Map for Beginning Students, A.D. 1475.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1991-01-01

    Describes the second map printed in Europe which appeared in 1475. Provides background information that teachers to help students grasp the fundamental aspects of the map. Explores the map as a whole, its details and parts, and the significance of the map for studying the world view of Europeans preceding Columbus's discoveries. (DK)

  7. Part 2: the Earliest World Map, Babylonia, c. 500 B.C. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses a cuneiform Babylonian tablet from about 500 B.C., the earliest extant world map. Explores bases for contemporary interpretation of the map. Observes that the map contains representations found in later maps. Suggests that modern views of the world are no less culturally laden than much earlier perspectives were. (SG)

  8. Glacial history of a mid-altitude mountain massif: cartography and dating in the Chablais area (France, Switzerland)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perret, A.; Reynard, E.; Delannoy, J.-J.

    2012-04-01

    The Chablais area, considered as one of the cradles of glaciology (de Charpentier, 1841; Morlot, 1859), has been studied for a long time but several questions still remain unresolved. This study aims to reconstruct the glacial history of the massif, in order to explain the glacial landforms, which constitute an important part of the local geomorphology. The study focuses on the last glacial cycle (OIS 5 - OIS 2). The area is primarily associated with the the Valais glacier, by several local glacial flows and, to a lesser extent, by the Giffre glacier. Its position at the interface of the important Valais glacial flow and less powerful local flows is a specificity of the study area, which implies several bifurcations, penetration of the main glacier into laterals valleys, damming situations, and different responses of the various ice bodies to climatic changes. The study is divided in four steps. (1) The first step was to carry out a wide bibliographic survey to identify the state of knowledge, especially in relation to areas previously poorly studied and areas that needed to be reconsidered given developments in dating methods. (2) Field surveys allowed us to complete observations and prepare local geomorphological maps (of glacial landforms and associated phenomena). (3) The third step was to assemble heterogeneous data (old and new maps, Digital Terrain Models, aerial photographies) in a GIS to establish maps of glacial stages. (4) Finally, the absolute and relative chronology of deglaciation (Guitter, 2003) was completed by cosmogenic nuclide dating. Results have allowed us to address the conditions of glacial landform deposition and evolution in a mid-altitude mountain range, and show the need to be prudent in comparing results of different dating methods. Our results suggest that the ages obtained are overall too young in regard to 10Be ages on the northern alpine foreland (Ivy-Ochs et al., 2004) and are in conflict with 14C dates obtained in the area (Triganon et al., 2005).

  9. Horse-Girl Assemblages: Towards a Post-Human Cartography of Girls' Desire in an Ex-Mining Valleys Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renold, Emma; Ivinson, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    The paper works with queer and feminist post-human materialist scholarship to understand the way young teen valleys' girls experienced ubiquitous feelings of fear, risk, vulnerability and violence. Longitudinal ethnographic research of girls (aged 12-15) living in an ex-mining semi-rural community suggests how girls are negotiating complex…

  10. A cartography and GIS consultancy mission to the Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) in Mlingano, Tanzania, september 1999

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, C.

    2000-01-01

    The Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) in Mlingano, Tanzania made a start with GIS activities at the end of 1998. After purchasing GIS hardware and software and basic training courses, Alterra was invited to carry out a consultancy mission to solvepractical problems with map projection, map produ

  11. La représentation de l'espace en Égypte ancienne: cartographie d'un itinéraire d'expédition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel BAUD

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available L'unique carte topographique léguée par l'Égypte pharaonique, conservée sur un papyrus du XIIe siècle avant J.C., présente une partie du désert oriental égyptien. L'étude de sa structure montre qu'il s'agit plus d'un itinéraire que d'une carte, au sens actuel du terme.

  12. Cartography of the Luna-21 landing site and Lunokhod-2 traverse area based on Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera images and surface archive TV-panoramas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karachevtseva, I. P.; Kozlova, N. A.; Kokhanov, A. A.; Zubarev, A. E.; Nadezhdina, I. E.; Patratiy, V. D.; Konopikhin, A. A.; Basilevsky, A. T.; Abdrakhimov, A. M.; Oberst, J.; Haase, I.; Jolliff, B. L.; Plescia, J. B.; Robinson, M. S.

    2017-02-01

    The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) system consists of a Wide Angle Camera (WAC) and Narrow Angle Camera (NAC). NAC images (∼0.5 to 1.7 m/pixel) reveal details of the Luna-21 landing site and Lunokhod-2 traverse area. We derived a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and an orthomosaic for the study region using photogrammetric stereo processing techniques with NAC images. The DEM and mosaic allowed us to analyze the topography and morphology of the landing site area and to map the Lunokhod-2 rover route. The total range of topographic elevation along the traverse was found to be less than 144 m; and the rover encountered slopes of up to 20°. With the orthomosaic tied to the lunar reference frame, we derived coordinates of the Lunokhod-2 landing module and overnight stop points. We identified the exact rover route by following its tracks and determined its total length as 39.16 km, more than was estimated during the mission (37 km), which until recently was a distance record for planetary robotic rovers held for more than 40 years.

  13. Encontro com Ciborgues no hospital: cartografias de um campo cirúrgico Meeting with Cyborgs in the hospital: cartographies of a surgical ward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonantzin Ribeiro Gonçalves

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho é fruto da consultoria em psicologia do trabalho realizado com trabalhadores da unidade de bloco cirúrgico de um hospital geral em Porto Alegre. Pretendeu-se discutir a relação constitutiva entre trabalho e subjetividade no contexto da enfermagem cirúrgica, buscando mapear modos particulares de fazer, sentir, sofrer e subjetivar, além de descrever e problematizar a organização do trabalho e as relações desejantes entre trabalhadores e hospital. Por fim, debate-se atravessamentos da contemporaneidade na atividade cirúrgica, tais como, a ciborguização, a biotecnologia, a engenharia genética, o questionamento do "eu" e a reconstrução da noção de corpo.The present work is the result of the consultancy in psychology related to a work accomplished with workers in a unit of a surgical ward at a General Hospital in the city of Porto Alegre. The work intended to discuss the constitutive relation between work and subjectivity in the context of the surgical nursing, looking for the outline of peculiar manners of doing, feeling, suffering and making subjective. Moreover, the article describes and problemizes the organization of the work and the desirable relationships among the workers and the hospital. Finally, it discusses contemporary issues which permeate the surgical activity, such as, robotization, biotechnology, genetic engineering, the questioning of "me" and the reconstruction of the body notion.

  14. Cartographie de la vulnérabilité globale d'une population citadine face aux risques naturels: le cas de Manizales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Catherine CHARDON

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette méthode cartographique sert à évaluer la vulnérabilité de la population d’une grande ville andine (Manizales, Colombie, exposée aux séismes et à de fréquents glissements de terrain. Sept facteurs naturels et huit facteurs socio-économiques, mesurés à l’échelle du quartier, sont intégrés, avec d’autre facteurs géographiques, dans une carte de vulnérabilité globale.

  15. Integration de donnees multisources de teledetection et de donnees morphometriques pour la cartographie des formations meubles: Region de Cochabamba en Bolivie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulibaly, Lacina

    2002-04-01

    In this study, we develop a new method for mapping surficial deposits based on the modeling of the synergistic relationship between objects on the surface identifiable from remote sensing data, morphometric information derived from a DEM and geoscience ancillary data. The performance of SPOT-4 HRVIR, Landsat-7 ETM+, and RADARSAT-1 S4 and S5 mode SAR satellite data are compared in order to identify and map the surface indicators of surficial deposits. Furthermore, morphometric data such as altitude, slope, slope orientation, slope curvature and the potential moisture index extracted from the DEM are used to define the ground topographical characteristics. Supervised classifications were carried out from single source images and multisource image combinations using image fusion techniques including RVB, ACP and HIS. Different spectral indices including NDVI, TSAVI, RI and IF, as well as texture indices (average, standard deviation, entropy, contrast) are also compared. The different layers of information obtained are regrouped into categories of variables in relation to the vegetation cover, soils, the textural organization of the landscape and the topography. Results show that the supervised classification using the maximum likelihood method based on the RVB fusion of HRVIR and SAR S4 data provides the best classification rate of the land cover estimated at 96%. The morphometric data derived from the DEM are integrated with the results of the spectral indices, the texture indices and the land cover map in a linear equation within a discriminant analysis. Based on this equation, we were able to model the synergy between the surficial deposits indicators which allowed their identification and mapping. Based solely on the binary units derived from the land cover variables, the model is capable of identifying and classifying surficial deposits in the study area with a global accuracy of 70%. The addition of spectral indices relating to vegetation and soil to the preceding information increases the global classification precision to 79%. This improvement in the results confirms the importance of the two categories of spectral indices in providing information on the density of the vegetation cover, the state of growth of the vegetation and the soil spectral characteristics. The addition of texture indices added to the previous information increases the classification accuracy to 81%. Finally, the addition of topographical information to the parameters of the previous step provides a further improvement in the global classification rate from 81% to 88%, a further increase of 7%. Validation of the final results of the model applied to the entire study area, in comparison with ground truth data and geological maps, gives a global classification rate of 88%. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  16. Remotely sensed data fusion for offshore wind energy resource mapping; Fusion de donnees satellitaires pour la cartographie du potentiel eolien offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Ticha, M.B

    2007-11-15

    Wind energy is a component of an energy policy contributing to a sustainable development. Last years, offshore wind parks have been installed offshore. These parks benefit from higher wind speeds and lower turbulence than onshore. To sit a wind park, it is necessary to have a mapping of wind resource. These maps are needed at high spatial resolution to show wind energy resource variations at the scale of a wind park. Wind resource mapping is achieved through the description of the spatial variations of statistical parameters characterizing wind climatology. For a precise estimation of these statistical parameters, high temporal resolution wind speed and direction measurements are needed. However, presently, there is no data source allying high spatial resolution and high temporal resolution. We propose a data fusion method taking advantage of the high spatial resolution of some remote sensing instruments (synthetic aperture radars) and the high temporal resolution of other remote sensing instruments (scatterometers). The data fusion method is applied to a case study and the results quality is assessed. The results show the pertinence of data fusion for the mapping of wind energy resource offshore. (author)

  17. Transports et aménagement du territoire: cartographie par images de synthèse d'une métrique réseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain L'HOSTIS

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available À partir d'une comparaison des vitesses de parcours sur plusieurs modes de transport, on construit une représentation en relief de l'espace-temps. On peut visualiser, sur cette surface complexe en trois dimensions, les distorsions de l'espace provoquées par les réseaux de transport rapides.

  18. Pour une approche renouvelée des recueils de costumes de la Renaissance. Une cartographie vestimentaire de l’espace et du temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Mentges

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose une relecture des livres de costumes de la Renaissance dans la perspective du cultural mapping et de la construction de l’espace dans la culture occidentale. Il pose la question du rôle des vêtements dans la construction des espaces et dans la représentation de l’autre. Le vêtement, en particulier dans sa représentation picturale, fait-il appel à un discours visuel autonome ? Dans quelle mesure les différents livres des costumes font-ils référence l’un à l’autre ? Peut-on y découvrir des relations sous-jacentes ? On peut distinguer trois directions sommaires. Dans la première, celle des récits de voyage de Weiditz, le vêtement est utilisé comme une catégorie ethnographique relativement ouverte, même si déjà s’y annonce la tendance à établir une hiérarchisation claire entre nudité sauvage et habillement européen (civilisé. Dans les ouvrages de Desprez, Bertelli ou Grassi par exemple, la variété vestimentaire illustre essentiellement un discours de la différence culturelle. En revanche, dans l’ouvrage du dernier auteur du siècle, Vecellio, le récit prend la forme d’un véritable livre, où textes et images se trouvent valorisés à part égale et où apparaissent déjà les traits d’un véritable journal des modes. Dans leurs efforts pour spatialiser les différentes cultures à travers le vêtement et en illustrant de traits culturels vestimentaires divers les récits, tous contribuent à esquisser les contours et l’idée occidentale d’un sujet autonome : tout d’abord par une différenciation culturelle liée à la culture matérielle, ensuite par une différenciation de l’espace européen et de ses sous-espaces, et enfin par les liens du sujet à la culture matérielle, et plus particulièrement aux ressources économiques.The article tries to restudy the Renaissance Costume books in the modern perspective of mapping as a cultural concept. In which way does dress become crucial to imagine and represent ideas of space and othering? Can pictural and textual dress representation claim the quality of an independent visual discourse? Which are the underlying relations between the different kinds of costume books? The results can be summarized as follows. Three main directions enverge : Weiditz travel books make use of dress as a (relatively open ethnographic category, but already begins to establish cultural boundaries between the naked wild man and the civilized fully dressed European. The following books (Desprez, Bertelli for ex. use dress categories to establish their discourse of cultural difference, whereas Vecellio as one of the latest, turns the idea of difference into a mere category of fashion and consequently of economical resources. In his book, text and image are treated on the same level. However, in mapping places and localities and in contrasting and comparing dress cultures, all books make a contribution to compose the western idea of the autonomous subject.

  19. Interpretation of an airborne geophysical survey in southern Paris Basin: towards a lithological cartography, key tool for the management of shrinking/swelling clay problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prognon, F.; Tourliere, B.; Perrin, J.; Lacquement, F.; Martelet, G.; Deparis, J.; Gourdier, S.; Drufin, S.

    2011-12-01

    Regolith formations support a full spectrum of human activities. Among others, they provide a source of extractable materials and form the substratum of soils. As such, they should be considered as a capital to be managed and protected. Moreover, one of the main challenges for present and future land settlement is to prevent house building programs from being planned inside shrink-swell risky areas which is only possible thanks to an complete lithological mapping of the french regolith. We illustrate here the results of the geological interpretation of an airborne geophysical survey carried out in "Région Centre" administrative region in the southern part of the Paris Basin, in France. Among other techniques, airborne geophysics is appropriate to quickly provide information on near surface, because of i) its high spatial coverage ii) the rapidity of acquisition and iii) the variety of available sensors (magnetic, spectral radiometry, electromagnetic...). Spectral radiometry data were collected with a line spacing of 1 km. This method provides maps of potassium (K), uranium (U) and thorium (Th) which are the only naturally occurring elements with direct or indirect radioisotopes that produce gamma rays of sufficient intensity to be measured at airborne survey heights. On the radiometric data we applied the HAC (Hierarchical Ascendant Classification) computation procedure: taking into account several variables, the statistical HAC method groups individuals based on their resemblance. Also in this study, calibrated Total Count channel (TCm) is compared to an estimated dose rate (TCe) computed from the measured radioelement abundances: TCe = 13.078 * K + 5.675 * U + 2.494 * Th. Our results show that the ratio TCe/TCm came out to be a good indicator of ground property changes within Sologne mixed sandy-clay environment. Processed geophysical data are cross-checked with geological data (from field observations) and field or laboratory measurements of mineralogical data from X-Ray diffractometry and hyperspectral method. Our study demonstrates that in the silico-clastic basin of Région Centre, aerial gamma-ray data mostly reflect concentrations of radiogenic elements in clay minerals. Joint analysis of above mentioned data allow the discrimination in clay mineral nature. A detailed interpretation of gamma-ray data allows broad lithological changes to be readily mapped at 1/100 000 scale. Despite the former 1/50 000 scale geological mapping, the geological interpretation of airborne data led to the discovery of several unknown geological units. Our study demonstrates the consistence of airborne geophysical methods for geological prospection, especially in forested and hardily accessible area. The lithological mapping of the sedimentary units is the angular stone for the management of the shrinking/swelling clay problem. We demonstrate here that 90% of cracked houses of "Région Centre" can be located thanks to the TCe/TCm ratio algorithm.

  20. DYNAMIQUE SPATIO-TEMPORELLE DE L’OCCUPATION/UTILISATION DES TERRES DANS LE SUD-EST TOGO : ESSAI DE CARTOGRAPHIE A L’AIDE DE LA TELEDETECTION SPATIALE

    OpenAIRE

    KPEDENOU, Koffi Djagnikpo; AHE, Pèhèzounam; Boukpessi, Tchaa

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Southeast Togo presents a landscape of savannah interspersed very degraded forest islets. Today, this area faces a modification of the environmental facies marked by human impact of the natural landscape. The aim of this study is to better understand the dynamics of environmental changes between 1986 and 2015 through the mapping based on remote sensing. It appears as remote sensing has an undeniable asset to highlight the evolution of the environment during these 29 ye...

  1. Cartographie d'unités hydrologiques homogènes et modélisation hydrologique, exemple de l'expérience Hapex-Sahel

    OpenAIRE

    Esteves, Michel

    1996-01-01

    Une approche cartographique à différentes échelles, basée sur un découpage de l'espace en unités hydrologiques, est proposée. Les principes sur lesquels repose cette méthode sont présentés et illustrés à partir des exemples choisis sur le bassin versant de Sama Dey et le site central est. Des indications sont fournies sur l'aptitude de ces unités à produire du ruissellement. Il ressort de l'analyse de ces deux cartes que les écoulements de surface jouent un rôle négligeable à l'échelle région...

  2. Lemming Nagel : Tekstimaalid, laseeritud monitoride keel ja kadunud asjade kartograafia = Text paintings, the language of glazed monitors and the cartography of lost things / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Lemming Nageli jaoks on oluline autobiograafilisus ja isiklike tähelepanekute ülestähendamine. Äärmiselt hoolika vaatlejana on Nagel püüdnud teostes esile tuua igapäevaelu absurdi, nii nagu tema seda näeb. Oma hüperrealistlikel maalidel peegeldab ta seda eriskummalises vormis: põlenud lauajupid, laste mänguasjad, keraamilised plaadid, klaasikillud - kõik mis ainult pähe tuleb ja kätte satub, kuid peamiselt huvitavad teda ikkagi maalilised probleemid, nagu koloriit ja perspektiiv, pildi ja raami suhe, kunsti metatasand või mäng pealkirja, kujutise ja taustaga. Oma maalides vaatab ta maastikku lukuaugu, luubi, teksti või kaardi kaudu, nagu looks ta mingit teist reaalsust. Igal juhul asetab ta reaalsuse raamidesse. Armastust kaartide vastu võib pidada üheks tema maastikumaali vormiks

  3. Etude des ondes de surface permettant la réalisation de cartographies de défauts débouchants

    OpenAIRE

    Jagnoux, P.; Vincent, A

    1988-01-01

    Nous avons réalisé une étude expérimentale de la propagation d'une onde de surface rayonnante se propageant à une interface liquide-solide et de son interaction avec une fissure idéale débouchant en surface. Les résultats expérimentaux concernant la propagation de cette onde sont comparés aux résultats numériques obtenus en résolvant l'équation de Rayleigh. L'étude se rapportant à l'interaction de l'onde avec le défaut artificiel permet de préciser les propriétés des deux composantes réémises...

  4. La cartografía mental y su incidencia en el pensamiento creativo Mental cartography and its impact on creative thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Andrés

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación que acá se reseña puso a prueba los mapas mentales en grupos de estudiantes. Metodológicamente se apeló a un diseño cuasi-experimental intragrupos, con el ánimo de establecer si con el uso de mapas mentales los sujetos de investigación mejoraban o no su nivel de originalidad y eficacia con respecto a ideas que se derivaran de procesos creativos que no utilizaran la cartografía mental. Los investigadores obtuvieron un total de 64 ideas, 32 resultantes del uso de mapas mentales y otras 32 provenientes de procesos que no involucraron al mapa mental. Para hacer los comparativos del caso se apeló a evaluaciones cualificadas de la originalidad y la eficacia mediante la utilización de un diferencial semántico que permitió valorar estadísticamente los puntajes dados a cada una de las ideas realizadas por los sujetos de investigación. La hipótesis que se planteó en el sentido de que los mapas mentales mejoran la originalidad de los estudiantes se confirmó, más no otra hipótesis que sugería que con los mapas mentales se incrementaba el nivel de eficacia de las propuestas. No obstante, dependiendo del tipo de mapa mental utilizado, la eficacia puede no verse disminuida, en tanto que la originalidad se incrementa, con toda seguridad, independientemente del tipo de mapa mental utilizado en el proceso. El mapa mental, debidamente utilizado, potencializa en los estudiantes el pensamiento divergente, la flexibilidad espontanea, las jerarquías planas y, en general, su creatividad. The research that is outlined here did tests the metal maps on a group of students. Methodologically the study appealed to a semi-experimental design within groups, with the intention to establish if by using mental maps people’s level of originality and efficacy as to the ideas that came from creative processes were higher than those who didn’t use mental maps. The researchers obtained a total of 64 ides, 32 came from the use of mental maps and the other 32 came from processes that did not involve mental maps at all. In order to compare the study the evaluation qualified the originality and assertiveness by means of a semantic differential that allowed to statistically value the scores given to each of the ideas that came from the students subject to the tests. The proposed hypothesis leading towards the idea that mental maps would enhance the students’ originality was confirmed, yet not a second hypothesis that suggested that with the use of mental maps the level of efficacy would be higher. Regardless, depending on the type f mental map used, efficacy may not be reduced while the originality is sure to be enhanced while using any type of mental map. Such maps, if used adequately promotes diverging though processes in students, spontaneous flexibility, flat hierarchies and creativity in general.

  5. Cartographie des risques industriels du dépot pétrolier à Hussein Dey, Alger (Algérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FATIMA ZOHRA MOHAMED-CHÉRIF

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hazard Mapping of Industrial Oil Storage in Hussein Dey, Algiers ( Algeria. The industrial hazardsare a danger to environment. It is the case of the fuel depot of Caroubier in the municpality of Hussein Dey in the outskirts of the capital Algiers. It is a potential danger in this urban area and a real challenge for the local authorities which do not have app ropriate tools for risk management. The municipality possesses single maps with colored items corresponding to the identification of spatial risks. The objective of this article is to map the risks generated by fuel depot. This mapping will help us localiz e the spatial vulnerability to suggest land planning measures.

  6. Description and cartography of Cymodocea Nodosa (Ucria) ascherson meadows of Latium coasts; Descrizione e cartografia dei prati di Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson antistanti le coste laziali

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spada, E. [Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente, Rome (Italy); Diviacco, G. [Ufficio Parchi Regione Liguria, Genua (Italy); Virno Lamberti, C. [Istituto Centrale per la Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica Applicata al Mare, Rome (Italy)

    2001-03-01

    A side scan sonar (S.S.S.) and direct observations have been used to study the Cymodocea nodosa meadows of Latium coasts (Italy). The results of this survey have been synthesized on a biocenotic map. [Italian] In questo lavoro vengono presentati i risultati ottenuti indagando, mediante l'utilizzo di un sonar a scansione laterale ed osservazioni dirette in immersione, le praterie di Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson delle coste del Lazio (Italia). I dati sono stati restituiti cartograficamente.

  7. Les déplacements des frontières de la justice : vers une nouvelle cartographie de la gestion des risques ?

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Les frontières de l’institution judiciaire se déplacent. Depuis une quinzaine d’années, celle-ci a connu des réaménagements réglementaires, organisationnels et professionnels multiples, modifiant l’équilibre entre les différents champs d’intervention sociale – tant judiciaire que extra-judiciaire - et reconfigurant la normativité et les modes de prise en charge d’un certain nombre de catégories de justiciables reconnus comme publics « déficients » ou « déviants » – il peut s’agir des « mineur...

  8. 地图史上的"马湖现象"考%Research on the Phenomenon of Huge Mahu Lake on the History of Cartography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃影

    2010-01-01

    在现存明清一类以罗洪先为代表的中国古代传统舆图中,四川政区往往画出一个巨大的湖泊一马湖,大致与湖广境内的洞庭湖、江西境内的鄱阳湖的水域面积相当,在长江水系的几个主要湖泊中显得格外引人注目,且与代表黄河源的"星宿海"有一一对应出现的关系,这一现象在地图史上颇具典型性,笔者称之为"马湖现象".经研究发现,马湖作为一个大湖出现在地图上,主要集中在明代,尤其以受到罗洪先影响的中外系列地图最为显著,承继了元代朱思本对黄河源参照物的特殊表现形式,即出现马湖与星宿海(黄河源)的对应关系.笔者认为:马湖被夸大的主要原因在于元明以来马湖所属政区、聚居民族与水陆交通道路的重要性;地图史上的"马湖现象",实际反映了元明以来地理学家们对黄河源与长江源孜孜不倦的探索.

  9. European Cartography on the Eve of the Discoveries. Part 6: A World Map for Home and School, A.D. 1480.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a woodcut of the earliest map printed in a vernacular language, circa 1480. Discusses the location and representation of paradise, the winds, rivers, the world sea and islands, countries, and cities. Emphasizes the map as a world view of the late Middle Ages representing the popular culture of the time. (DK)

  10. Uuenduslik urbanism planeerimistöötubades: tõlgendav kaardistamine ja projektiivsed kartograafiad = Innovative urbanism through design research workshops: interpretative mapping and projective cartographies / Kelly Shannon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shannon, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab linnafoorumite laadseid töötubasid Belgias, mis on muutunud edukaks regiooni maastiku- ja ruumiplaneerimise vahendiks. Kahest planeerimisuuringute töötoast, mis tegelesid Leie jõe piirkonna elluturgutamisega Kortrijki ja Waregemi vahel (2009) ja Marke linnametsa loomisega (2010). Pärnu linnast ja linnafoorumist, kolmest strateegiast, mis arendati foorumil välja Pärnu jõe ja Pärnu lahe vahelise ala jaoks

  11. The perception of place and the 'origins of handedness' debate: towards a cognitive cartography of science in late-Victorian Dublin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Tanya

    2015-01-01

    In 1884, a medical paper entitled 'Consideration of the Structural and Acquisitional Elements in Dextral Pre-Eminence' penned by the Dublin physician George Sigerson, appeared in the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. A number of years later, the Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland presented a similar piece by Dublin anatomist Daniel John Cunningham, on the topic of 'Right-Handedness and Left-Brainedness'. For the late nineteenth-century scientific community, these articles represented two Dublin-based contributions to a long-running and wide-ranging debate on the origins of handedness. However, by building on the geographical premise that scientific knowledge bears the imprint of its location and that place matters in the way scientific claims come to be sanctioned, this paper probes, not merely an encounter with evolutionary science in the less well explored domain of fin de siècle Dublin, but more crucially, how these local reviews of manual dexterity were in part shaped by the scientists' differing perceptions of their city. By attending to the lives of Sigerson and Cunningham and focusing on the interplay between life-space, city-space and science, it underscores the critical role of place and space in the reception, circulation and mobilisation of scientific knowledge in the city.

  12. Analyse The Applications of CorelDraw VBA in Cartography%浅析CorelDraw VBA在地图制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑨

    2014-01-01

    VBA是CorelDraw中集成的面向对象程序开发环境的子集。作业员可以应用VBA来编写适合的宏,最大程度的运用计算机的自动化来完善制图工作。本文主要通过CMYK色表的实现介绍了宏的编译过程和运用技巧,还有通过工具设置宏的快捷启动方式。%VBA is the subset that integrated object-oriented programming environment in coreldraw.Operator can write right macros by VBA,to improve the mapping work through the computer automation maximumly.This paper describes the compilation process and using technique of macros through the realization of CMYK color system,and setting up quick start method of macros.

  13. Cartographie et histoire: la différenciation de l'espace dans la Chine des Printemps et des Automnes (721-472 av. J.-C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain REYNAUD

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À partir des renseignements tirés d'une chronique, il est possible d'avoir une idée des flux entre les principautés de la Chine antique et d'esquisser la différenciation de l'espace chinois.

  14. Cartography and risk management in radiotherapy: a collaborative work of the department of radiotherapy and the department of quality and risk management Institute Jean-Godinot; Cartographie et gestion des risques en radiotherapie: un travail commun du departement de radiotherapie et du departement de la qualite et de la gestion des risques de l'institut Jean-Godinot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, T.D.; Loiseau, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de radiotherapie, 51 - Reims (France); Devie, I.; Heusghem, M. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Dept. de la qualite et de la gestion des risques, 51 - Reims (France); Gaillot-Petit, N. [Institut Jean-Godinot, Unite de radiophysique medicale, 51 - Reims (France)

    2010-01-15

    Purpose To deploy an inductive process for radiotherapy risk management in a regional cancer centre and to infer the actions required to solve the situations of criticality. Methods Close collaboration between the department of radiation oncology-biophysics and the department of quality and risk management in the same institution allowed to create a multi professional and multidisciplinary task force and to make the experience feedback easier. A preliminary risk analysis method was used to identify the generic dangers, the mapping of risks and the specification of the scales of criticality. This method helped to evaluate and to rate each apprehended event. Four scales have been defined: seriousness scale in five levels, likelihood scale in five classes, endeavour scale in four levels and criticality scale in three categories: acceptable (criticality 1) tolerable under control (criticality 2) and unacceptable (criticality 3). Results Fifty-seven level 1 dangerous situations linked to 78 scenarios of criticality acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable in 24, 44 and 10 cases respectively have been identified in the department of radiotherapy leading to carry out 28 risk reduction actions. Conclusions The performed risk analysis offered an original frame for a collective thinking among the care providers and contributed to modify their mode of conceiving both security and radioprotection. The study allowed us to give a relevant answer to the High Authority of Health and the Authority of Nuclear Security demands either in terms of efficient management of the risks in radiotherapy or regarding the daily concerns of the care-givers. (authors)

  15. Utilisation des données d’imagerie hyperspectrale appliquée à la cartographie de la contamination potentielle par l’amiante dans la province du Northern Cape en Afrique du Sud

    OpenAIRE

    Capar, Laure; Chevrel, Stéphane; Henk, Coetzee

    2016-01-01

    International audience; L’Afrique du Sud, en tant que troisième producteur d’amiante au 20ième siècle, en a produit en grande quantité. La plupart de l’amiante a été produite dans les provinces de Northern et de Limpopo, ou respectivement crocidolite et l’amosite sont présentes. Des quantités moindres ont été produites dans les provinces de Mpumalanga Gauteng et Kwazulu Natal (chrysolite, trémolite). Un levé aéroporté hyperspectrale a été effectué à la demande du Council for Geoscience (Commi...

  16. Apports des hautes résolutions spatiales pour l'étude et la cartographie des algues vertes. Application à la grève de St-Michel(22)

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Olivier

    1994-01-01

    Les apports croissants d'effluents agricoles associés avec des situations hydrodynamiques particulières sont à l'origine de fortes proliférations d'algues vertes du type ulva lactuca (ulves). Lorsque la mer se retire les algues se déposent sur les plages et créent des nuisances pour le tourisme et les professionnels de la mer. Les estimations de biomasse sont alors nécessaires à la fois pour comprendre le phénomène et pour mesurer son ampleur. Pendant la période de forts coefficients de marée...

  17. The Katmandu and Gosainkund nappes, central Nepal Himalaya (cartography, structure, metamorphism, geochemistry and radio-chronology); Les nappes de Katmandou et du Gosainkund, Himalaya du Nepal central (Etude cartographique, structurale, metamorphique, geochimique et radiochronologique)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, S.M

    1998-10-01

    In central Nepal, a multidisciplinary study has been carried out to characterize and distinguish the crystalline nappes of Katmandu and Gosainkund from the Midland formations. Two principal deformations are recorded: one ductile, syn-metamorphic, marked by microstructures (stretching lineation, S-C structures, etc. ), another, post-metamorphic, recorded by an anticline, roughly EW -directed, and by NNE-SSW -directed folds. The syn-metamorphic P-T conditions show differences between Katmandu Crystalline Nappe (900-720 MPa; 700-480 deg C) and Gosainkund Crystalline Nappe (890-580 MPa; 750-590 deg C). They exhibit well preserved inverted metamorphism between the Upper Midland Formations (750 Mpa; 560 deg C) and the Gosainkund Nappe. In central Nepal, the augen gneisses and the 'Lesser Himalayan' Cambro-Ordovician granites bear similar petrographic and geochemical characteristics which suggest a common origin. However, the geological setting and age of the Proterozoic Ulleri augen gneiss rule out correlation with these formations. {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar analyses of muscovite, indicate cooling ages younger from south to north: 22 to 13 Ma in the Katmandu Nappe, 16 to 5 Ma in the Gosainkund Nappe, and 12 to 6 Ma in the Midland Formation. The principal points summarized by this study are the following: clear distinction between two nappes marked by their litho-stratigraphy and metamorphism; the ductile movement of MCT in the north of Katmandu is blocked since approximately 25 Ma; the late emplacement and late or common post metamorphic history of the two nappes; but earlier cooling history of the Katmandu nappe; the present uplift of the Katmandu region, underlined by the intense micro-seismicity, concerns indifferently the two nappes that form a single tectonic block at present; the combined uplift of the two nappes is due to the displacement on a ramp of major decollement surface. (author)

  18. “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada” “Caminando sobre la tierra, de nuevo desconocida, toda cambiada”. The invention of landscape painting in New Spain's cartography, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Russo

    2007-01-01

    La producción de mapas por parte de los cartógrafos indígenas, mestizos y españoles en los siglos XVI y XVII, es un laboratorio de increíble riqueza para estudiar los efectos pictóricos que la transformación territorial-administrativa empezada por la conquista tuvo al pasar por la esfera de la creación. En las imágenes, hoy en el Archivo General de la Nación, los pintores locales tuvieron que inventar una nueva forma de visualizar las tierras, los espacios y los paisajes. De esta mina inagota...

  19. Une nouvelle méthode de cartographie de la région d'Oran (Algérie) à l'aide de la télédétection multispectrale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laoufi, Fatiha; Belbachir, Ahmed-Hafid; Benabadji, Noureddine; Zanoun, Abdelouahab

    2011-10-01

    We have mapped the region of Oran, Algeria, using multispectral remote sensing with different resolutions. For the identification of objects on the ground using their spectral signatures, two methods were applied to images from SPOT, LANDSAT, IRS-1 C and ASTER. The first one is called Base Rule method (BR method) and is based on a set of rules that must be met at each pixel in the different bands reflectance calibrated and henceforth it is assigned to a given class. The construction of these rules is based on the spectral profiles of popular classes in the scene studied. The second one is called Spectral Angle Mapper method (SAM method) and is based on the direct calculation of the spectral angle between the target vector representing the spectral profile of the desired class and the pixel vector whose components are numbered accounts in the different bands of the calibrated image reflectance. This new method was performed using PCSATWIN software developed by our own laboratory LAAR. After collecting a library of spectral signatures with multiple libraries, a detailed study of the principles and physical processes that can influence the spectral signature has been conducted. The final goal is to establish the range of variation of a spectral profile of a well-defined class and therefore to get precise bases for spectral rules. From the results we have obtained, we find that the supervised classification of these pixels by BR method derived from spectral signatures reduces the uncertainty associated with identifying objects by enhancing significantly the percentage of correct classification with very distinct classes.

  20. Archéologie et télédétection : cartographie des paysages du site de Mahasthan (Bangladesh d’après des données SPOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Jacqueminet

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available L’environnement de l’ancienne capitale de l’Inde Orientale (Mahasthan au Bangladesh est analysé à l’aide d’une image satellitaire SPOT. L’étude porte sur le milieu actuel (réseau hydrographique, systèmes agraires et les structures paysagères révélatrices d’anciens écoulements naturels ou aménagés.

  1. The 'subjective' risk mapping: understanding of a technical risk representation by a professional group; La cartographie 'subjective' des risques: comprendre la representation d'un risque technique par un groupe professionnel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertin, H.; Deleuze, G. [Electricite de France (EDF-RD), Management des Risques Industriels, 92 - Clamart (France)

    2006-07-01

    The paper presents the application of a particular way to make risk maps, called 'subjective risk mapping'. It has been used to understand how the risk of tube rupture under pressure is understood, defined, and set in perspective with other risks in a professional group working in an industrial plant. (authors)

  2. CARTOGRAFÍA DE LA CIUDAD: LA CASA SUBVERSIVA EN NACISTE PINTADA (1999 DE CARMEN BERENGUER Cartography of the city: The subversive house in Naciste Pintada by Carmen Berenguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Calderón

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La escritura de Carmen Berenguer se sustenta en dos preguntas fundamentales: ¿Cuál es el lugar de la literatura? y ¿Si soy mujer, quién soy? Así, la hibridez discursiva en Naciste Pintada participa de una rearticulación de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de una mujer poeta habitando un mundo fragmentado y fragmentario. La ciudad descrita es neo-barroca, maquillada y, esencialmente, travesti. La casa, inmanente y femenina -lugar de la especula(rización de la mujer- deviene pública y subvierte el discurso hegemónico de la ciudad, trascendente y masculina. La pérdida de su carácter privado altera el imaginario de la casa y favorece los cambios sociales. En Naciste pintada hay dos discursos de la mujer insertos en dos ciudades significativas: uno es poético (Valparaíso, centro perdido de la poeta y el otro coloquial (Santiago, su hábitat. La casa, figura metonímica, sugiere otra cartografía significante de la ciudad y plantea la aterritorialidad de la mujer en el mundo posmoderno.Carmen Berenguer’s writing is shaped by two fundamentals questions: What is the place of literature? And if I’m a woman, who am I? Thus, the discursive hybridism contemplated in Naciste Pintada is part of a new urban articulation from a female poet’s vision living in a fragmented world. The city described in this novel is neo-baroque, maked-up and essentially disguised. The home, immanent and feminine, place of woman’s specula(risation, becomes public, and denatures the hegemonic discourse of the city, transcendent and masculine. The lost of its private characteristic subverts the house’s imaginary and implies social changes. In Naciste Pintada, we perceive two women’s discourses inserted in two specifics cities: the first one is poetic (Valparaiso, the lost center of the poet, and the other is colloquial (Santiago, her habitat. The house, metonymic trope, suggests another significant map of the city, and establishes the woman aterritoriality in the post-modern world.

  3. Biologie, abondance et cartographie de deux espèces de bivalves : l’huitre perlière et la coque glauque dans le golfe de Gabes

    OpenAIRE

    Derbali, Abdelkarim

    2011-01-01

    The pearl oyster Pinctada radiata and the cockle Cerastoderma glaucum are among the most abundant bivalve molluscs in southern Tunisian waters. These species are not currently subject to any investigation despite their important economic value in the world. For this reason, their biological parameters, their spatial distribution and their stock assessment were undertaken in the Gulf of Gabes. The reproductive cycle was studied in relation to variations of the environment parameters. The sp...

  4. Phyto climatic characterization and cartography of sub antarctic native forests in Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina); Caracterizacion y cartografia fitoclimaticas del bosque nativo subantartico en la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Patagonia, Argentina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allue, C.; Arranz, J. A.; Bava, J. O.; Beneitez, J. M.; Collado, L.; Garcia-Lopez, J. M.

    2010-07-01

    Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego is especially peculiar in phytoclimatic terms, situated as it is at an extreme southerly latitude, surrounded by large water masses and close to the great mass of Antarctic ice. Its main peculiarities in this sense are the coolness of its summers and a very narrow temperature range. As a result, the woodland landscapes in the parts with forest cover are dominated by microphyllous broadleaf physiognomies, both evergreen and deciduous, of the Nothofagus genus. This paper reports a more in-depth investigation of the hitherto little-known phytoclimatic conditions in that territory which included calibration and validation of a model of phytoclimatic suitability that addresses the principal plant physiognomic units and phytoclimatic mapping. It discusses the causes behind the presence of broadleaf formations in thermal conditions which in the northern hemisphere would allow only coniferous formations or no tree formations at all, and also the edaphic peculiarities that may explain the presence of a evergreen species like Nothofagus betuloides in subantarctic mixed forests. (Author) 111 refs.

  5. O Mapa das Cortes e o Tratado de Madrid: a cartografia a serviço da diplomacia The Mapa das Cortes and the Treaty of Madrid: cartography and diplomacy in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Clemente Ferreira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende salientar a importância do emprego de mapas durante o processo negocial que conduziu à assinatura do Tratado de Madrid em 1750. Procura conhecer o processo de elaboração e as fontes utilizadas na "construção" do Mapa das Cortes, datado de 1749, destacando as viciações que apresenta. Avalia também a importância deste para a consecução do objectivo pretendido com aquelas negociações: o reconhecimento pela Espanha da ocupação territorial alcançada por Portugal no interior da América do Sul em meados do século XVIII.This article intends to discuss the importance of use of maps during the political negotiation that result in the signature of the Treaty of Madrid, between Portugal and Spain, in 1750. Studies the process of "production" of the 1749's Mapa das Cortes, analyzing the sources utilized, and the distortions presented in it. Furthermore, discuss the importance of the map to Spain's recognition of the Portuguese's territorial claims in South America, in the middle of eighteenth century.

  6. Cartografia da vulnerabilidade socioambiental: convergências e divergências a partir de algumas experiências em Portugal e no Brasil Cartography of the socio-environmental vulnerability: convergences and differences from some experiences in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Castreghini Freitas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Com este estudo, buscamos contextualizar o tema vulnerabilidade socioambiental no cenário mundial, destacando similaridades e discrepâncias nas suas concepções em Portugal e no Brasil. Na literatura que trata de vulnerabilidade já está consagrada a contribuição das Geotecnologias e do seu potencial para a modelagem de aspectos físicos e socioeconômicos, para a prevenção, mitigação e enfrentamento de manifestações de riscos, sejam eles naturais, tecnológicos ou mistos. Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir os referenciais metodológicos dos estudos de vulnerabilidade, bem como os resultados de aplicação na modelagem de dados socioeconômicos e ambientais no contexto da região Centro de Portugal e do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. A metodologia para a análise da vulnerabilidade dessas regiões baseou-se na avaliação quantitativa da capacidade de resistência e de resiliência de populações e de territórios. Os resultados apresentam-se coerentes com as realidades socioambientais das áreas de estudo e refletem a complexidade quando do enfrentamento e recuperação de situações de riscos para o caso de populações e territórios menos providosde condições econômicas e de infraestruturas urbanas, seja no Brasil ou em Portugal.

  7. Clínica da atividade e cartografia: construindo metodologias de análise do trabalho Clinic of activity and cartography: constructing methodologies for analysis of the work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Vasconcelos Teixeira

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available As questões formuladas no artigo foram disparadas por experiências vividas ao longo dos últimos anos em pesquisas que partem do princípio de que a temática saúde e trabalho, como objeto de investigação científica, tem uma especificidade que não pode ser tomada com posturas de exterritorialidade no que diz respeito à relação do pesquisador e do objeto a ser investigado. As questões dos mundos do trabalho não podem estar baseadas apenas em quadros analíticos construídos a partir de um distanciamento da complexidade engendrada onde o trabalho acontece. Propõe-se uma direção metodológica de pesquisa que articula investigação e intervenção na direção do diálogo, da interlocução entre os diferentes saberes - disciplinares ou não - com o objetivo de potencializar estratégias utilizadas pelos trabalhadores para lidar com a variabilidade das situações de trabalho. Com esse objetivo, traz a contribuição da Clínica da Atividade como importante ferramenta metodológica.The issues raised in this article were incited by experiences lived in the last years in studies that take as principle that Health and Work, as scientific research objects, have specificities that can not be considered from exterritoriality positions, regarding the relationship between the researcher and the object being investigated. Issues about work can not be based only on analytical views in a distant way of the complexity engendered where work happens. This article proposes a methodological direction of research that articulates research and intervention in a direction to dialogue, to the interchange between different knowledges - disciplinary or not - in order to strengthen strategies used by workers to deal with the variability of work situations. With that purpose, it brings the contribution of the Clinic of Activity as an important methodological tool.

  8. Cartografia da educação superior no município de Niterói Cartography of higher education in the City of Niterói - Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Paula

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é fruto da pesquisa realizada em parceria entre o Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Educação Superior da Universidade Federal Fluminense e a Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Niterói, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, tendo como objetivos: a traçar um perfil das instituições de educação superior (IES do Município de Niterói, coletando dados acerca da sua história e da sua inserção nos cenários local, regional e nacional; b mapear a oferta de ensino, pesquisa e extensão nestas instituições; c subsidiar as ações da Secretaria Municipal de Educação na área educacional, contribuindo para a elaboração do Plano Municipal de Educação de Niterói; d identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias, provenientes das IES, que contribuem para a formulação de políticas de desenvolvimento econômico, científico e tecnológico do município; e identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias que contribuem para a elaboração de políticas na área social. A cidade de Niterói, localizada há 10,9 Km da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, possui 16 instituições que oferecem ensino superior, 1 pública e 15 privadas, a saber: 1 Universidade Federal Fluminense; 2 Universidade Estácio de Sá; 3 Universidade Cândido Mendes; 4 Universidade Salgado de Oliveira; 5 Fundação Getúlio Vargas; 6 Centro Universitário Plínio Leite; 7 Institutos Superiores de Ensino La Salle - RJ; 8 Faculdades Integradas Maria Thereza; 9 Escola Superior de Ensino Helena Antipoff; 10 Conservatório de Música de Niterói; 11 Seminário Teológico Escola de Pastores; 12 Seminário Teológico Batista de Niterói; 13 Seminário Teológico Betel Brasileiro; 14 Seminário Teológico Congregacional de Niterói; 15 Seminário Teológico Batista Brasileiro; 16 Seminário São José de Niterói. O trabalho em questão aponta as principais características destas instituições, enfocando a sua relevância social para o município de Niterói. Para tal, abordamos a sua dimensão/perfil em Niterói e no Estado do Rio de Janeiro; a oferta de cursos no âmbito da graduação, da pós-graduação lato e stricto sensu, na cidade de Niterói; os cursos mais procurados e menos procurados e a sua relação com o mercado de trabalho; a pesquisa e a sua contribuição para o desenvolvimento do município; a extensão e o seu papel social na região. A metodologia utilizada englobou a análise de dados coletados através da internet, assim como pesquisa de campo, incluindo entrevistas realizadas nas instituições investigadas.This article is the result of a research carried out through a partnership between the Higher Education Studies and Research Unit of the Federal University in the City of Niterói and the Municipal Secretariat of Education of the City of Niterói, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, with the following purposes: a to draw a profile of higher education institutions in the City of Niterói, by collecting data about their history and insertion in local, regional and national scenarios; b to map out the provision of teaching, research and extension services in these institutions; c to aid the actions of the Municipal Secretariat of Education in education, contributing to the elaboration of the Municipal Education Plan of Niterói; d to identify projects/products/technologies produced by these institutions that contribute to formulate economic, scientific and technological development policies in the city; e to identify projects/products/technologies contributing to elaborate social policies. The city of Niterói, 10.9 km away from the city of Rio de Janeiro, has 16 higher education institutions, 1 public and 15 private, namely: 1 Universidade Federal Fluminense; 2 Universidade Estácio de Sá; 3 Universidade Cândido Mendes; 4 Universidade Salgado de Oliveira; 5 Fundação Getúlio Vargas; 6 Centro Universitário Plínio Leite; 7 Institutos Superiores de Ensino La Salle - RJ; 8 Faculdades Integradas Maria Thereza; 9 Escola Superior de Ensino Helena Antipoff; 10 Conservatório de Música de Niterói; 11 Seminário Teológico Escola de Pastores; 12 Seminário Teológico Batista de Niterói; 13 Seminário Teológico Betel Brasileiro; 14 Seminário Teológico Congregacional de Niterói; 15 Seminário Teológico Batista Brasileiro; 16 Seminário São José de Niterói. The research shows the main features of these institutions, focusing their social relevance for the city of Niterói. To do this, we examined their size/profile in Niterói and in the State Rio de Janeiro, their provision of undergraduate and graduate programs in the city of Niterói; the programs in greater and lesser demand and their relation with the job market; their research and contribution to development of the city; the extension services and their social role in the region. The methodology employed comprised analysis of data collected through the internet, as well as field research, including interviews carried out in the institutions object of this research.

  9. From chemical mapping to pressure temperature deformation micro-cartography: mineralogical evolution and mass transport in thermo-mechanic disequilibrium systems: application to meta-pelites and confinement nuclear waste materials; De l'imagerie chimique a la micro-cartographie Pression-Temperature-Deformation: evolution mineralogique et transport de matiere dans des systemes en desequilibre thermomecanique. Applications aux metapelites et aux materiaux de stockage de dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, V. de

    2006-03-15

    The mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks or industrial materials evolves when they are submitted to thermomechanical disequilibria, i.e. a spatial or temporal pressure and temperature evolution, or chemical disequilibria as variations in redox conditions, pH... For example, during low temperature metamorphic processes, rocks re-equilibrate only partially, and thus record locally thermodynamic equilibria increasing so the spatial chemical heterogeneities. Understanding the P-T evolution of such systems and deciphering modalities of their mineralogical transformation imply to recognize and characterize the size of these local 'paleo-equilibria', and so to have a spatial chemical information at least in 2 dimensions. In order to get this information, microprobe X-ray fluorescence maps have been used. Computer codes have been developed with Matlab to quantify these maps in view of thermo-barometric estimations. In this way, P-T maps of mineral crystallisation were produced using the multi-equilibria thermodynamic technique. Applications on two meta-pelites from the Sambagawa blue-schist belt (Japan) and from the Caledonian eclogitic zone in Spitsbergen, show that quantitative chemical maps are a powerful tool to retrieve the metamorphic history of rocks. From these chemical maps have been derived maps of P-T-time-redox-deformation that allow to characterize P-T conditions of minerals formation, and so, the P-T path of the sample, the oxidation state of iron in the chlorite phase. As a result, we underline the relation between deformation and crystallisation, and propose a relative chronology of minerals crystallisation and deformations. The Fe{sup 3+} content map in chlorite calculated by thermodynamic has also been validated by a {mu}-XANES mapping at the iron K-edge measured at the ESRF (ID24) using an innovative method. Another application relates to an experimental study of clay materials, main components of an analogical model of a nuclear waste storage site. Chemical maps allowed to characterize the 2D mineralogical evolution of clays toward iron rich end-members. They have also been used as input data in a 2D finite element numerical model aiming to estimate the iron diffusion coefficient in clays at low temperatures, important parameter to model the destabilization of nuclear waste storage sites in the course of time. (author)

  10. Cartographic Relief Presentation Revisited - Forty Years after Eduard Imhof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurni, Lorenz

    Topographic maps represent in a symbolised way the main features of the Earth's surface shape as well as the major, mostly visible objects covering the topography. The clear and readable depiction of the relief is one of the main challenges in topographic cartography. The Swiss cartographer Eduard Imhof had a significant influence on the development of modern topographic cartography. He published his trend-setting findings 40 years ago in his textbook "Cartographic Relief Presentation". This overview paper reviews his major contributions to topographic cartography and presents today's state of cartographic relief depiction, illustrated by current map examples and projects elaborated at Imhof's Alma Mater, the Institute of Cartography of ETH Zurich.

  11. Art and the Art of Communicating Geographical Knowledge: The Case of Pieter Brueghel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olwig, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    This article describes how medieval cartography and art showing landscape scenes communicate important geographical knowledge. Specific attention is devoted to "Haymaking," the 1565 painting of Pieter Brueghel. (JDH)

  12. Kinetic cartography of radioisotopes of iodine in the thyroid follicles of the new-born rats under low or standard iodine diet: Analyzed using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (NanoSIMS50): Contribution to the study of the consequences of Chernobyl; Cartographie cinetique des radioisotopes de l'iode dans le follicule thyroidien du rat nouveau-ne carence en iode ou non. Analyse par spectrometrie de masse d'ions secondaires (NanoSIMS50). Contribution a l'etude des consequences de Tchernobyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elbast, M

    2008-03-15

    The most significant impact of the Chernobylsk accident is the increased incidence of thyroid cancers among children in contaminated areas. To estimate the radiation dose provided by radioiodine released after Chernobylsk (iodine 131 and short-lived isotopes, iodine 132, 133, 134, 135), we used new-born rats to mimic the situation of fallout contamination (young age and iodine deficiency). The pups, under low iodine diet and under standard diet, were contaminated with {sup 129}I at ages varying between 2 to 15 days and sacrificed 1, 4, 8, 24 hours and 4, 8 days after contamination. The variation in intra colloidal iodine distribution from 1 hour to 8 days was performed using a new ionic nano probe (NanoSIMS50). This method permits to discriminate between the newly incorporated iodine (129) and the initial pool of iodine (127). SIMS observations permit to heterogeneous intra and inter follicular distribution of {sup 129}I. Iodine deficiency increases the absorbed amounts of iodine by a factor 10. Dosimetric estimations show an important contribution of short-lived radioiodine to the total thyrocyte dose. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the age and the iodine deficiency accelerate the absorption of iodine in follicles and that the contribution of short-lived iodine connate ne neglected. (author)

  13. Quantification of the volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (I.G.R.T.) in prostate cancer: Margins and presence probability map; Benefice volumetrique de la radiotherapie guidee par l'image dans les cancers prostatiques: marges et cartographies de probabilite de presence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cazoulat, G.; Crevoisier, R. de; Simon, A.; Louvel, G.; Manens, J.P.; Haigron, P. [Inserm, U642, 35 - Rennes (France); Rennes-1 Univ., 35 (France); Crevoisier, R. de; Louvel, G.; Manens, J.P.; Lafond, C. [Centre Eugene-Marquis, Dept. de Radiotherapie, 35 - Rennes (France)

    2009-09-15

    Purpose: To quantify the prostate and seminal vesicles (S.V.) anatomic variations in order to choose appropriate margins including intrapelvic anatomic variations. To quantify volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (I.G.R.T.). Patients and methods: Twenty patients, receiving a total dose of 70 Gy in the prostate, had a planning CT scan and eight weekly CT scans during treatment. Prostate and S.V. were manually contoured. Each weekly CT scan was registered to the planning CT scan according to three modalities: radiopaque skin marks, pelvis bone or prostate. For each patient, prostate and S.V. displacements were quantified. 3-dimensional maps of prostate and S.V. presence probability were established. Volumes including minimal presence probabilities were compared between the three modalities of registration. Result: For the prostate intrapelvic displacements, systematic and random variations and maximal displacements for the entire population were: 5 mm, 2.7 mm and 16.5 mm in anteroposterior axis; 2.7 mm, 2.4 mm and 11.4 mm in supero-inferior axis and 0.5 mm, 0.8 mm and 3.3 mm laterally. Margins according to van Herk recipe (to cover the prostate for 90% of the patients with the 95% isodose) were: 8 mm, 8.3 mm and 1.9 mm, respectively. The 100% prostate presence probability volumes correspond to 37%, 50% and 61% according to the registration modality. For the S.V., these volumes correspond to 8%, 14% and 18% of the S.V. volume. Conclusions: Without I.G.R.T., 5 mm prostate posterior margins are insufficient and should be at least 8 mm, to account for intrapelvic anatomic variations. Prostate registration almost doubles the 100% presence probability volume compared to skin registration. Deformation of S.V. will require either to increase dramatically margins (simple) or new planning (not realistic). (authors)

  14. Influence Factors and Effects of Different Interpolation Methods for Cartography Based on Map Direct Comparison——A Case Study of Xinxiang County%基于地图直接比较的不同插值方法制图效果及影响因素分析——以新乡县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张路伟; 赵彦锋; 程道全; 张化楠; 徐嘉

    2014-01-01

    利用新乡县2008年测土配方施肥项目2 694个土壤农化样点数据,选取有效磷和缓效钾为研究对象,基于地图直接比较,对比研究了常见插值方法(IDW、Kriging、PRP)的土壤养分制图效果及影响因素,以期为土壤调查和制图实践提供参考.结果表明:不同插值方法制图效果受土壤养分属性空间变异性及样点个数影响.对于土壤空间变异结构性较强的缓效钾,当样点数为300个时,IDW、Kriging法制图结果均已达到较高可信度.对于空间变异随机性较强的有效磷,当样点数介于700~900个时,IDW法制图结果比较可信;当样点数为1 100个时,制图结果达到较高可信度.3种方法中,PRP法制图效果均不理想,且尤其不适用于空间随机性变异的土壤养分.总之,3种插值方法的制图优劣为Kriging>IDW>PRP.

  15. Mise en relation de la cartographie du rendement avec la distribution spatiale de l'état de surface du sol observée par télédétection. Application dans un contexte d'agriculture de précision.

    OpenAIRE

    Tourino Soto, Ignacio

    2005-01-01

    Ce travail de thèse répond à une demande émanant du Groupe Coopératif Occitan (GCO) et s'inscrit dans une problématique de recherche actuelle. Le GCO cherchait à travers ce travail, d'une part à aider l'agriculteur à définir de zones de modulation intra parcellaire et d'autre part à identifier au sein d'un bassin agricole les zones de plus grand potentiel pour la mise en place d'une démarche d'agriculture de précision. La problématique de recherche se place donc dans un contexte d'agriculture...

  16. De l'aménagement numérique des territoires à l'intégration du Web dans l'analyse géographique : nouvelles méthodes et perspectives pour les Systèmes d'Information Géographiques (SIG), la cartographie et la télédétection

    OpenAIRE

    Alawad, Hiba

    2010-01-01

    The Information and communications technology (ICT) facilitate the collection and processing of digital information, both numerous and varied, and are increasingly used in various fields (geography, computer science, economics, statistics, etc.). This thesis aims to show the contribution of ICT to the study of geographical objects or phenomena whose distribution varies in space. Initially, the territorial inequalities dissemination of Internet infrastructure, are observed at different scales,...

  17. La Moyenne Vallée de l’Euphrate syrien : étude préliminaire pour la cartographie des états de surface et des systèmes de drainage en vue d’une analyse paléoenvironnementale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. Chataigner

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available La moyenne vallée de l’Euphrate syrien constitue l’une des zones clé pour la diffusion du néolithique. Mais elle est aussi une zone d’intense mise en valeur sous forme d’aménagements hydrauliques. La télédétection peut jouer un rôle important comme image récente d’un paysage à disparaître, et comme document palliatif à la carence de certaines données pour une analyse paléoenvironnementale.

  18. Indexation d'une base de données images : application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    Ce mémoire concerne les techniques d'indexation dans des bases d'image, ainsi que les méthodes de localisation en robotique mobile. Il fait le lien entre les travaux en Perception du pôle Robotique et Intelligence Artificielle du LAAS-CNRS, et les recherches sur la fouille de données menées à l'Université de Rabat. Depuis une dizaine d'années, la vision est devenue une source de données sensorielles essentielles sur les robots mobiles: elle fournit en particulier des représentations de l'envi...

  19. Indexation d'une base de données images : Application à la localisation et la cartographie fondées sur des radio-étiquettes et des amers visuels pour la navigation d'un robot en milieu intérieur

    OpenAIRE

    Raoui, Younès

    2011-01-01

    This document is related both to indexing methods in image data bases and to localization methods used in mobile robotics. It exploits the relationships between research works on Perception made in the Robotics department of LAAS-CNRS in Toulouse, and on Data Mining performed by the LIMIARF lab at the Rabat university. Computer Vision has become a major source of sensory data on mobile robots for about ten years; it allows to build especially representations of the environment in which a robo...

  20. Quadrupole magnetic mapping of the high resolution spectrometers of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Q.M.M. project: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement); Cartographie magnetique des quadripoles des spectrometre a haute resolution du Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, Hall A. (Le projet Q.M.M.: Quadrupole Magnetic Measurement)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quemener, Gilles [Ecole Doctorale des Science Fondamentales, Universite Blaise Pascal, U.F.R. de Recherche Scientifique et Technique, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France)

    1997-12-19

    This thesis describes the magnetic measurements that have been performed on the superconducting quadrupoles of the High Resolution Spectrometers of TJNAF, Hall A (USA), which are designed to measure particle momentum up to 4 GeV.c{sup -1} with a {sigma}p/p = 10{sup -4} resolution. The mapping method is based on rotating coil technique, the originality being a segmentation of the probe along the quad axis. Together with an accurate magnet modelling, the measurement of the flux variations through the set of rotating coils allows to determine the magnetic field at each point. We use the 3D field formalism, i.e., the Fourier-Bessel expansion of the field obtained by solving the Laplace equation. We describe the QMM method and then the apparatus consisting in two probes of length 1.6 m and 3.2 m built to map the three quadrupoles Q1, Q2, Q3. Data processing uses Fourier analysis. The mapping of the Electron Arm took place in situ in 1996. A first set of results concerns integral measurements including the properties of excitation cycle of the magnets (saturation and hysteresis). Second set of results in terms of local field yields the 3D field maps of the quadrupoles. After having applied corrections to the data we obtain a local field accuracy of 5 Gauss on each component, i.e. an uncertainty of 5.10{sup -4} relative to the quadrupole central field. We use SNAKE ray-tracing code with the implementation of QMM field maps and obtain preliminary results on HRS optics. (author) 48 refs., 93 figs., 41 tabs.

  1. Entre teoria e prática Entre la teoría y la práctica: la cartografía de los ingenieros militares en Portugal y en Brasil, siglos XVI-XVII Between theory and practice: the military engineers’ cartography in Portugal and Brazil, Sixteenth – Seventeenth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la producción cartográfica de los ingenieros militares en Portugal y en Brasil en los siglos XVI al XVII. Explora las primeras cartas terrestres realizadas en las “Relaciones Topográficas de Castilla y Geográficas de Indias” por los ingenieros militares italianos al servicio de las Coronas Ibéricas. Con base en la lectura de los tratados portugueses y castellanos del periodo, se analizan aspectos técnicos de producción cartográfica, del levantamiento de campo al diseño de gabinete, así como también aspectos referentes a la enseñanza de la Geometría Práctica, Trigonometría y dibujo de mapas topográficos y geográficos en las “Academias Militares” de Portugal, España y Brasil. Confronta la teoría y práctica, con base en el estudio de la preciosa serie documental, comprendiendo sobretodo, diseños o dibujos de Leonardo Turriano, Alexandre Massay e Diogo de Campos MorenoThis paper analyzes the cartographic production of military engineers in Portugal and Brazul during the sixteenth to seventeenth centuries. It explores the first terrestrial charts elaborated in the “Relaciones Topográficas de Castilla y Geográficas de Indias” [“Topographic Relations of Castilla” and “Geographical Relations of Indias”] by Italian Military engineers under the command of the Spanish crown. Based on the review of Portuguese and Spanish treaties of the time, technical aspects of the cartographic production are analyzed, from field surveys to desk design, as well as aspects regarding the teaching of Practical Geometry, Trigonometry and drawing of topographic and geographic maps in the “Academias Militares” [“Military Academies”] of Portugal, Spain and Brazil. Here the theory and practice are confronted based on the study of the invaluable documentary series, which comprises mostly designs and drawings by Leonardo Turriano, Alexandre Massay and Diogo de Campos Moreno.

  2. 晋图开秘:中国地图学史上的“制图六体”与裴秀地图事业%Six Rules(制图六体)and Pei Xiu's(裴秀)Role in Chinese Cartography History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁超

    2015-01-01

    在既有的中国科学技术史叙事中,裴秀及制图六体获得了与其实际贡献并不相称的崇高地位和价值.本文梳理不同文献所载“制图六体”文本差异,拟定其合乎历史与逻辑的定本,分析文本的三重释义层次及其蕴含的方位与距离这两个核心问题,进而整理出裴秀地理(地图)著述篇目并分析其内在关联.通过对“制图六体”与裴秀地图事业各自性质与应用条件的分析,阐释出二者之间关联的可能性.经由对“制图六体”后世流迁过程的梳理,更加呈现出裴秀及“制图六体”的本真面目和应有价值,从而纠正若干长期充斥于中国地图学史上的误解.

  3. 中国地图史研究的由今推古及由古推古——兼评余定国《中国地图学史》%New Perspectives on Researching the History of Chinese Cartography: In Response to the Work of Dr. Cordell D.K.Yee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩昭庆

    2009-01-01

    余定国开辟了地图史的一种新写法和新视角,值得地图史研究者的重视和借鉴,他提出过去地图史学者将地图学的发展与朝代的更替连在一起的做法是有误导性的,并认为传统中国地图学的定量研究方法单一,不足以明了中国文化中地图的含义,建议除了用科学的标准之外,还可从社会的、美学的甚至宗教的标准来衡量地图学中的卓越成就.本文认为,这些观点对于中国地图学史的重建有一定的启发性,但是地图学是一门实用学科,过分强调地图的艺术性和文学性,会淡化地图的特征,地图史的研究不免会失去研究重点.本文利用由今推古和由古推古两种视角分析了地图流传中的"多系并存"和"精亡粗存"现象,并以地图三要素来区别古地图和山水画,建议中国地图史研究在继承原有研究内容基础上,加强古地图产生及绘制背景、与世界地图史的比较研究,重视古地图在历史地理及相关问题研究中的作用.

  4. Landsat Earth Monitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haggerty, James J.

    1979-01-01

    The uses of NASA's Landsat in the areas of cartography, flood control, agricultural inventory, land use mapping, water runoff, urban planning, erosion, geology, and water quality monitoring are illustrated. (BB)

  5. Mapping the Literature of GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarletto, Edith A.

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed citations in four journals, "Annals of the Association of American Geographers," "Cartography and Geographic Information Science," "International Journal of Geographical Information Science," and "Cartographic Journal," using Bradford's Law of Scattering to identify three influence zones…

  6. Geology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database is an Arc/Info implementation of the 1:500,000 scale Geology Map of Kansas, M­23, 1991. This work wasperformed by the Automated Cartography section of...

  7. Mapping: A Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, Paul M.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the history of cartography. Describes the contributions of Strabo and Ptolemy in early maps. Identifies the work of Gerhard Mercator as the most important advancement in mapping. Discusses present mapping standards from history. (CW)

  8. Amerigo and America?

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Fernández-Armesto

    2007-01-01

    Felipe Fernández-Armesto (1950-), distinguished British scholar of global environmental history, comparative colonial history, topics in Spanish and maritime history and the history of cartography; Principe de Asturias Chair at Tufts University.

  9. Mapping the Super-Whale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders

    2010-01-01

    at their core. Drawing on actor-network theory (ANT), this article suggests an alternative framework for mobile ethnography, better suited to a social world conceived in network-relational terms. Employing metaphors of mobility, scale-making, and cartography, an empirically driven approach to situated...... and plural 'globalities' is outlined. These claims are developed drawing on the author's inquiries into Japanese whaling practices, showing how 'ethno-socio-cartography' can contribute to the mapping of global-scale micro-cosmoses....

  10. NASA’S PLANETARY GEOLOGIC MAPPING PROGRAM: OVERVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, D. A.

    2016-01-01

    NASA’s Planetary Science Division supports the geologic mapping of planetary surfaces through a distinct organizational structure and a series of research and analysis (R&A) funding programs. Cartography and geologic mapping issues for NASA’s planetary science programs are overseen by the Mapping and Planetary Spatial Infrastructure Team (MAPSIT), which is an assessment group for cartography similar to the Mars Exploration Program Assessment Group (MEPAG) for Mars exploration. MAPSIT...

  11. Visit to NGA Headquarter on September 11, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-04

    person . Brian Hagan, NGA’s national geospatial intelligence officer for geography and cartography teleconferenced with us from his office in St. Louis...Geography. Doug Batson, a long term intellectual leader in NGA’s Human Geography programs was present in person . Brian Hagan, NGA’s national geospatial... intelligence officer for geography and cartography teleconferenced with us from his office in St. Louis for the entire presentation and discussion

  12. Contribution à un diagnostic paysager du Pays de Caux (Normandie, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick GUILLOPÉ

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available En Pays de Caux, la cour-masure, habitat traditionnel, est menacée par l'urbanisation. En raison d'un projet autoroutier, cet élément important du paysage a été cartographié selon une maille de 500m. Cette cartographie a ensuite été poursuivie, à titre d'essai, selon une maille de 100m, et à l'aide des images SPOT.

  13. Robotique Mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Filliat, David

    2011-01-01

    1 Introduction I Les bases de la navigation 2 Les différents types de navigation 3 Les sources d'information 4 Matériels courants en robotique mobile II Navigation réactive 5 Navigation vers un but 6 Évitement d'obstacles 7 Apprentissage par renforcement III Navigation utilisant une carte 8 Localisation, Cartographie et Planification 9 Les représentations de l'environne 10 Localisation 11 Cartographie 12 Planification; Engineering school

  14. Geoinformation for Informed Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents the latest research developments in geoinformation science, which includes all the sub-disciplines of the field, such as: geomatic engineering, GIS, remote sensing, digital photogrammetry, digital cartography, etc.......This book presents the latest research developments in geoinformation science, which includes all the sub-disciplines of the field, such as: geomatic engineering, GIS, remote sensing, digital photogrammetry, digital cartography, etc....

  15. Zero Feet Away: The Digital Geography of Gay Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Yoel

    2016-01-01

    For this contribution to the "Cartographies" section of the special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," the author focuses on the terrains of digital media, geosocial networking, and sexually based social media in LGBT communities. Addressing the communal potentials and ethical complications of geosocial connections made possible by such sexually based social media, the author asks whether digital forms of cartography via applications such as Grindr and Scruff simplify, complicate, or merely expose historically longstanding notions of queer interconnectivity.

  16. A crian��a e seus direitos na família e na sociedade: uma cartografia das leis e resoluções El niño y sus derechos en la familia y en la sociedad: una cartografía de las leyes y de las resoluciones The rigths of the child in family and in society: cartography of laws and resolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilvana Lima Verde Gomes

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa compreende uma revisão documental das leis, resoluções e outros documentos referentes ao direito das crianças e adolescentes existentes no Brasil e exterior, objetivando com isso uma compreensão e um conhecimento maior sobre a criança e seus direitos. Os documentos selecionados foram: a Declaração dos Direitos da Criança de 1959; a Constituição Federal do Brasil de 1988; a Carta da Criança Hospitalizada de 1988; o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente de 1990; e os Direitos da Criança e do Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolução 41/95. Realizamos leitura flutuante de todos os documentos, citamos artigos relevantes ao tema, ressaltando algumas considerações. Concluímos que já existem legislações que protegem o direito da criança, porém é necessário garantir o usufruto desses direitos.Esta investigación comprende una revisión documental de las leyes, resoluciones y otros documentos referentes al derecho de los niños y adolescentes en Brasil y en el exterior y tiene como objetivo una comprensión y un conocimiento mayor sobre el niño y sus derechos. Los documentos seleccionados han sido: la Declaración de los Derechos del Niño de 1959; la Constitución Federal de Brasil de 1988; la Carta del Niño Hospitalizado, de 1988; el Estatuto del Niño y del Adolescente de 1990; y los Derechos del Niño y del Adolescente Hospitalizados (Resolución 41/95. Hemos realizado lectura fluctuante de todos los documentos, citamos artículos relevantes al tema y resaltamos algunas consideraciones. Hemos concluido que ya existen legislaciones que protegen el derecho de los niños, pero es necesario garantizar el usufructo de esos derechos.This research is a documental review of laws, resolutions and others documents related to children and adolescents' rights existing in Brazil and overseas, aiming thus a comprehension and greater knowledge about the child and his rights. The documents chosen were:1959's Pronouncement of Child Rights; 1988's Federal Constitution of Brazil; 1988's Letter of Hospitalized Child; 1990´s Statute of Child and Adolescent; and the Rights of Child and Adolescent hospitalized (Resolution 41/95. We did floating reading of all documents, mentioning relevant articles to theme, highlighting some considerations. We conclude that already exist legislations that protect the right of child, though it is necessary to ensure the use of these rights.

  17. Foot Modeling and Smart Plantar Pressure Reconstruction from Three Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaida, Hussein Abou; Mottet, Serge; Goujon, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    In order to monitor pressure under feet, this study presents a biomechanical model of the human foot. The main elements of the foot that induce the plantar pressure distribution are described. Then the link between the forces applied at the ankle and the distribution of the plantar pressure is established. Assumptions are made by defining the concepts of a 3D internal foot shape, which can be extracted from the plantar pressure measurements, and a uniform elastic medium, which describes the soft tissues behaviour. In a second part, we show that just 3 discrete pressure sensors per foot are enough to generate real time plantar pressure cartographies in the standing position or during walking. Finally, the generated cartographies are compared with pressure cartographies issued from the F-SCAN system. The results show 0.01 daN (2% of full scale) average error, in the standing position. PMID:25400713

  18. O Mapa das Cortes: perspectivas cartográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pimentel Cintra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a thorough analysis of the Map of the Courts based on criteria used in cartography, particularly mathematical cartography. As such, it takes into account the following elements: author, scale, projection, the prime meridian, colors, conventions, symbology, and other. After a qualitative morphological analysis, we move on to a quantitative examination by comparing the said map with a quite accurate present-day chart, using a digital cartography software application and spreadsheet to match the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude of over 430 points. The systematic and detailed quantification of errors in various areas, from the Atlantic coast to the Amazon region, revealed surprising aspects as to how skillfully the Map of the Courts was constructed. This analysis enabled us to quantify the distortions more accurately and thus identify the locations where they were introduced as well their unquestionable intentional character.

  19. ¿Cartografía antigua o Cartografía histórica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespo Sanz, Antonio

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The terms related to the History of Cartography need to be revised in the light of the confusion and ambiguities that have been brought about. Many map publications or catalogues use the term historical cartography to characterize their content, although the name old cartography should be used instead; and literal translation of some expressions taken from other languages yields unsuccessful results. The new technologies have lead to a singular development and dissemination of Cartography, its thrust also bearing upon old cartography. The main archives and libraries publish their collections with high resolution and their documents may be analyzed with more manageable and friendly tools, but there are not many theoretical studies about their nature or aims and there are no proposals to reformulate the basic definitions linked to the History of Cartography either. Along these lines we intend to analyze and reflect upon the vocabulary pertaining to this discipline, thus easing the task of those addressing themselves to old maps.

    [es] Los términos relacionados con la Historia de la Cartografía necesitan ser revisados, a tenor de las confusiones y ambigüedades que se vienen produciendo. Muchas publicaciones o catálogos de mapas utilizan el término cartografía histórica para definir su contenido, cuando debería utilizarse la expresión cartografía antigua, y la traducción literal de algunas expresiones tomadas de otros idiomas, arroja resultados poco afortunados. Las nuevas tecnologías han provocado un desarrollo y una difusión inusitados de la Cartografía, y su empuje afecta a la cartografía antigua. Los principales archivos y bibliotecas publican sus fondos con gran resolución y sus documentos pueden ser analizados con herramientas más ágiles y amigables, pero no abundan los estudios teóricos sobre su naturaleza u objetivos, ni existen propuestas para reformular las definiciones básicas vinculadas a la Historia de la

  20. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  1. L'utilisation pédagogique des images spatiales dans l'enseignement secondaire

    OpenAIRE

    Vauzelle, Michel

    1991-01-01

    Sommaire du numéro :http://archive-edutice.ccsd.cnrs.fr/edutice-00000851; L'observation de la Terre est un domaine scientifique en pleine expansion. Le suivi des récoltes, la recherche minière, la cartographie topographique, la cartographie en trois dimensions pour les études d'impact et l'aménagement du territoire, sont aujourd'hui des applications courantes de la télédétection.Associées de plus en plus aux banques de données géographiques, les images spatiales sont des sources d'information...

  2. Ville et santé publique au Japon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takano Takehito

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Mon intervention porte sur le niveau de santé en secteur urbain et les questions à l'ordre du jour dans le domaine de la santé publique au Japon. La première partie concerne la cartographie des indices de santé en secteur urbain. Une telle cartographie requiert l'utilisation de techniques de traitement de l'image. On peut l'effectuer soit à l'aide du “ système d'information géographique ” (Geographic Information System, GIS, soit par une “image-diagnostic” (Image Diagnosis des différentes ...

  3. Evolution des zones humides d'Anatolie intérieure : exemple de la plaine de Konya, Turquie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Kuzucuoglu

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available L’évolution 1987-1993 du lac d’Akgöl (Est de la plaine de Konya est cartographiée et mesurée, par diachronie de deux scènes SPOT XS. La contraction correspond à un accroissement des prélèvements dans les nappes d’eau souterraines. D’autres secteurs font l’objet d’une cartographie géomorphologique illustrant l’évolution des paléoenvironnements lacustres et palustres au Pléistocène Supérieur.

  4. Entropy-based Cartographic Communication Models: Evolution from Special to General Cartographic Information Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI Zhilin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Map is a kind of powerful means to help people in understanding the objective world. The key function of map is to transmit spatial information. The measurement of spatial information of maps dates back to 1960s, when the information theory of communication was introduced to the field of cartography. The introduction led to a new branch of cartography, i.e. cartographic information theory. This paper provides a review of the development of cartographic information theory over the past 50 years. Emphasis is on the evolution from the special to the general cartographic information theory.

  5. Des cartes dans la classe…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Gimeno

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available La majorité des enseignants qui veulent faire des cartes — et les faire réaliser aux élèves — pour répondre aux exigences des instructions officielles, doivent surmonter leur manque de compétences en cartographie et en didactique ainsi que les difficultés propres aux logiciels de cartographie encore peu performants. Ces compétences et la réflexion qui les accompagne sont pourtant accessibles aux enfants de l’école élémentaire…

  6. e-Perimetron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available e-Perimetron is an international e-journal dedicated to science and technology related to the history of cartography and maps. The main aim of the journal is to connect the issues of the history of cartography and maps with different possibilities which offer new digital information and communication technologies. It has been published quarterly since 2006 and its papers have been in English and French. The journal publishes Papers, short Research Notes and reviews on books, conferences and miscellaneous activities related to the journal’s theme field. There are complete texts of all published features available on its web pages.

  7. Atlas international de la vitalite linguistique. Volume 2: L'Europe Occidentale = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 2: Western Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

    The atlas offers a cartography of language functions, quantitatively measured in vitality rates, for Western Europe. The atlas has three parts: vitality by language; vitality by domain; and vitality by country. Eighty-three minority languages are covered. Domains considered include: global; religion; schools; mass media; administration; courts;…

  8. Verifying Food Web Bioaccumulation Models by Tracking Fish Exposure and Contaminant Uptake

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    For the Version 3 design, paraffin/ dental wax was used to seal the opening. It is probable that exposure to heat during shipment and or storage...Cartography 35(1): 18-22. Neiffer, D. L. & Stamper, M. A. 2009. Fish Sedation, Anesthesia, Analgesia , and Euthanasia: Considerations, Methods, and Types of

  9. Mapping a Rhizome of 21st Century Language Arts: Travel Plans for Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagood, Margaret C.

    2009-01-01

    Language arts education has experienced enormous growth and change with the advent of multimodalities in new media, digital literacies, and technologies. In this paper, Hagood uses Deleuze and Guattari's (1980/1987) theoretical work of a rhizome, rhizoanalysis, and rhizomatic cartography to view the field and examine differently converging…

  10. GIS for diagnosis and environmental monitoring of degraded area by shale mining in Sao Mateus do Sul - Parana state, Brazil; SIG (sistemas de informacoes geograficas) para diagnostico e monitoramento ambiental da area degradada pela mineracao de xisto em Sao Mateus do Sul - PR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, Cinthia Obladen de Almendra [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Inst. de Saneamento Ambiental; Brandalize, Maria Cecilia Bonato [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Arquitetura e Urbanismo]. E-mail: cinthia@rla01.pucpr.br

    1997-07-01

    This work present a geographical information system (GIS) used for diagnosis and monitoring of Corrego Cachoeira hydrographic basin. The basin will be provided with a digital cartography base and alphanumeric data base, allowing the integration and development of various other studies. The structure of SIG, as well as software and hardware used by the project are presented.

  11. 7 CFR 611.21 - Availability of aerial photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Availability of aerial photography. 611.21 Section 611... § 611.21 Availability of aerial photography. The National Cartography and Geospatial Center obtains necessary clearance for all aerial photography for NRCS. New aerial photography of designated areas in...

  12. Learning Benefits of Using 2D versus 3D Maps: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedomysl, Thomas; Ellder, Erik; Larsson, Anders; Thelin, Mikael; Jansund, Bodil

    2013-01-01

    The traditional important role of maps used for educational purposes has gained further potential with recent advances in GIS technology. But beyond specific courses in cartography this potential seems little realized in geography teaching. This article investigates the extent to which any learning benefits may be derived from the use of such…

  13. Lived and Imagined: Information and Storytelling in Geographic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabisch, Eric Alan

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the relationship between storytelling and information in the narration of geographic space. While storytelling has historically shaped our understanding of geography, modern practices in data collection, cartography, and geographic visualization enable one-way forms of representation that remove the negotiation and…

  14. Intelligence/Electronic Warfare (IEW) Direction Finding and Fix Estimation Analysis Report. Volume 3. Guardrail

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    34The ARRL Handbook for the Radio Amateur," American Radio Relay League, Newington, CT, 1985. 6. Jerald W. Caruthers, to Col Leonard G. Mowak... Handbook for Scientists and Engineers," Second Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1968. 3. Robinson, A., Sale, R., Morrison, J., "Elements of Cartography

  15. Journeying "Down the Rabbit Hole"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossman, Alan; Dummer, John

    2004-01-01

    In describing the professional development journey of science teachers, the National Science Standards (NRC 1996) provides a useful cartography. Inquiry, those standards suggest, is the central strategy for the teaching of science. By illustrating the parallels between inquiry as a form of scientific investigation and inquiry as a classroom…

  16. L'archipel financier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian MILELLI

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Un nouveau système financier, à la fois concentré et autonome, se met en place. Ses «lieux sacrés» sont cartographiés: «centres universels» majeurs (2 ou 3, centres régionaux, centres «spécialisés» en archipel.

  17. Geospatial Technologies and Higher Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leguizamon, Saturnino

    2010-01-01

    The term "geospatial technologies" encompasses a large area of fields involving cartography, spatial analysis, geographic information system, remote sensing, global positioning systems and many others. These technologies should be expected to be available (as "natural tools") for a country with a large surface and a variety of climates, such as…

  18. Geography and GIS Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Guy Q.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the geographic information system (GIS), a database that permits the integration, management, and analysis of diverse geographical information. Reports that the GIS has brought gains in cartography and remote sensing but also has brought problems. Identifies the need to balance instruction in technical developments and mainstream…

  19. Landscape Interpretation with Augmented Reality and Maps to Improve Spatial Orientation Skill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbonell Carrera, Carlos; Bermejo Asensio, Luis A.

    2017-01-01

    Landscape interpretation is needed for navigating and determining an orientation: with traditional cartography, interpreting 3D topographic information from 2D landform representations to get self-location requires spatial orientation skill. Augmented reality technology allows a new way to interact with 3D landscape representation and thereby…

  20. Relationship between the spatial distribution in the area of influence of the districts CenInes and the amount of residential use. Río Gallegos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Menco

    2015-08-01

    In addi Furthermoreition, an Excel database is generated on electric power users is created in order to obtain the amount of residential use per neighborhood. These results are turned into a GIS based on satellite images, the buffer technique is applied and the thematic cartography is used to obtain the results.

  1. Cartografía social como metodología participativa y colaborativa de investigación en el territorio afrodescendiente de la cuenca alta del río Cauca

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velez Torres, Irene; Rátiva-Gaona, Sandra; Varela-Corredor, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the opportunities and challenges given by social cartography as a participatory and collaborative methodology to characterize the socio-environmental conflicts in three areas of the upper basin of the Cauca River, Colombia. The text is organized in five parts: (i) introducti...

  2. Mathematical Definitions of Operators for Cartographic Generalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper puts forword 11 cartographic generalization operator models and introduces their mathematical definitions,and thus a precise mathematical form and quantitative description has been given to these formerly limited qualitative concepts.The meaning of mathematical definition of operators for cartographic generalization and the application prospect in computer-aided cartography (CAC) is stated.

  3. Interactive maps: What we know and what we need to know

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Roth

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a review of the current state of science regarding cartographic interaction, a complement to the traditional focus within cartography on cartographic representation. Cartographic interaction is defined as the dialog between a human and map, mediated through a computing device, and is essential to the research into interactive cartography, geovisualization, and geovisual analytics. The review is structured around six fundamental questions facing a science of cartographic interaction: (1 what is cartographic interaction (e.g., digital versus analog interactions, interaction versus interfaces, stages of interaction, interactive maps versus mapping systems versus map mash-ups; (2 why provide cartographic interaction (e.g., visual thinking, geographic insight, the stages of science, the cartographic problematic; (3 when should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., static versus interactive maps, interface complexity, the productivity paradox, flexibility versus constraint, work versus enabling interactions; (4 who should be provided with cartographic interaction (e.g., user-centered design, user ability, expertise, and motivation, adaptive cartography and geocollaboration; (5 where should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., input capabilities, bandwidth and processing power, display capabilities, mobile mapping and location-based services; and (6 how should cartographic interaction be provided (e.g., interaction primitives, objective-based versus operator-based versus operand-based taxonomies, interface styles, interface design? The article concludes with a summary of research questions facing cartographic interaction and offers an outlook for cartography as a field of study moving forward.

  4. Imago Mundi Included in the Thomson Reuters Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Imago Mundi – The International Journal for the History of Cartography is dedicated exclusively to the research of early maps in all of their aspects. It publishes papers related to the history and interpretation of those maps and their production in any part of the world.

  5. From Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available From the field of cartography and geoinformation, there are journal’s article extracts given which are not cartographic first and whose complete texts are on the Internet, accessible to the members of Croatian academic and research community. Most journals can be accessed through the PERO browser (http://knjiznica.irb.hr/pero/index.php.

  6. From Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available From the field of cartography and geoinformation, there are journal’s article extracts given which are not cartographic first and whose complete texts are on the Internet, accessible to the members of Croatian academic and research community. Most journals can be accessed through the PERO browser (http://knjiznica.irb.hr/pero/index.php.

  7. From Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This is a selection of papers related to cartography and geoinformation from journals which are not primarily cartographic, and the full texts of which are available on the Internet to members of Croatian academic and research community. Most journals are available via the PERO browser (http://knjiznica.irb.hr/pero/index.php.

  8. Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Yenes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Presented herein is a cartographic procedure that is easy to utilise and at low-cost, which facilitates the first stages of planning and management of a naturally protected space and considers the geotechnical parameters that influence human activity. This procedure uses geographical information systems technology by combining the cartographies for the most influential parameters on the stability of the area (lithology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, slopes, lineament/fractures and seismicity with geomechanical mapping generated from geotechnical parameters obtained through field and laboratory tests. This geotechnical mapping facilitates the division of a territory into zones according to each type of problem and generates a cartography for natural hazards. Using this information, it is possible to produce a cartography of constructive conditions or geotechnical hazards. This methodology has been validated by application to two natural protected spaces, “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas”. The validation confirmed that the cartography procedure described herein is a preventive, and not a structural measure. It is a tool that delimits areas with different constructive use recommendations and limitations, and therefore, is useful for natural space managers.

  9. From mapping to virtual geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjems, Erik; Kolar, Jan

    2005-01-01

    The history of mapping goes back hundreds of years. Many books and articles have been written on this topic as many different ways to present our world. This paper will not deal with cartography in a normal sense as indicated by the headline but will face and argue the necessity of dealing with d...

  10. Precarious Learning and Labour in Financialized Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnusson, Jamie

    2013-01-01

    Our current globalized economic regimes of financialized capital have systematically altered relations of learning and labour through the dynamics of precarity, debt, and the political economy of new wars. The risks of these regimes are absorbed unevenly across transnational landscapes, creating cartographies of violence and dispossession,…

  11. Des cartes de géographie comme devoirs journaliers, ou les sempiternels départements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ferras

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available L’école primaire a produit des travaux de cartographie utilisant largement le département. Rarement conservés, des cahiers d’exercice de la fin du XIXe siècle en proposent quelques exemples.

  12. Migrations and boundary work: Harvard, radical economists, and the Committee on Political Discrimination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mata, T.

    2009-01-01

    In the late 1960s, in the midst of campus unrest, a group of young economists calling themselves "radicals" challenged the boundaries of economics. In the radicals' cultural cartography, economic science and politics were represented as overlapping. These claims were scandalous because they were voi

  13. Innovative Ways to Look at New World Historical Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raat, W. Dirk

    2004-01-01

    The Cape Canaveral endeavor led the author to contemplate the history of cartography and the role of geographers and historians in describing the human-environment nexus. He was especially interested in the depiction of the Americas by world historians and geographers. He wanted to answer the question, "How do world historians and geographers…

  14. Measuring Officer Knowledge and Experience to Enable Tailored Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    activities like cartography or obstacle emplacement. To reduce demands on memory, the scale simply asked officers to check the boxes indicating whether or...10. Deployment History (Most recent first) Date: From Date: To Iraq Afghan Other Duty Position Unit Primary Mission e.g. Jun, 2007 Jul, 2008 X...Platoon Leader Route Clearance (Continue if more deployment experience) C-3 11. Assignment History

  15. An Analysis of the Best Available Unmanned Ground Vehicle in the Current Market with Respect to the Requirements of the Turkish Ministry of National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    TURKISH MND ...................................................................................61 1. History of the Turkish Defense Industry...readers with a background on UGVs and to conduct UGV market research. Chapter III introduces the history of the Turkish defense industry and the Under...SLAM cartography , indoor/outdoor localization, and a follower/leader module. Open architecture is dependent upon a Multi- Agent System (MAS) that

  16. The Statistical War on Equality: Visions of American Virtuosity in "The Bell Curve."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grey, Stephanie Houston

    1999-01-01

    Examines the "sedimented" history of probability in America using Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray's "The Bell Curve." Suggests this model reinforces ethnic hierarchy and differences by creating a "moral cartography" for the nation. Defines this spatial rhetoric with three sociographic dynamics. Concludes with…

  17. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzeziński Aleksander

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  18. Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonseth, Y.; Monnerat, C.

    2003-01-01

    Recent changes in distribution of dragonflies in Switzerland (Odonata) In 1998 the Swiss Centre for the Cartography of Fauna (CSCF) initiated ‘Odonata 2000’. This project aimed at testing a method for periodical reassessment of Red Lists in Switzerland. The study was carried out on Odonata and consi

  19. The Map Is the Territory: Educational Evaluation and the Topology of Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saari, Antti

    2012-01-01

    In recent years there has been a global call for more scientific knowledge about education as a basis of governance. This means that exact descriptions of the reality of schooling should inform decisions about what works in education. In this article, evaluation and testing are analysed as cartography, the art of mapping educational spaces, which…

  20. Participatory maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salovaara-Moring, Inka

    looks at computer-assisted cartography as part of environmental knowledge production. It uses InfoAmazonia, the databased platform on Amazon rainforests, as an example of affective geo-visualization within information mapping that enhances embodiment in the experience of the information. Amazonia...

  1. Demands Set Upon Modern Cartographic Visualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Frangeš

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Scientific cartography has the task to develop and research new methods of cartographic visualization. General demands are set upon modern cartographic visualization, which encompasses digital cartography and computer graphics: legibility, clearness, accuracy, plainness and aesthetics. In this paper, it is explained in detail what demands should be met in order to satisfy the general demands set. In order to satisfy the demand of legibility, one should respect conditions of minimal sizes, appropriate graphical density and better differentiation of known features. Demand of clearness needs to be met by fulfilling conditions of simplicity, contrasting quality and layer arrangement of cartographic representation. Accuracy, as the demand on cartographic visualization, can be divided into positioning accuracy and accuracy signs. For fulfilling the demand of plainness, the conditions of symbolism, traditionalism and hierarchic organization should be met. Demand of aesthetics will be met if the conditions of beauty and harmony are fulfilled.

  2. Emprego de técnicas digitais para a concepção da base cartográfica da bacia hidrográfica do Córrego Cabuçu de Baixo, São Paulo, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alberto Quintanilha

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The use of appropriate cartography database is extremely important to support projects of planning and land management. However, the absence of maps, or the amount of obsolete maps, has been leading to the adoption of alternative methodologies aiming to faster and less onerous solutions for the development of cartography databases, without compromising quality. Regarding this problem, the present paper reports on the viability of constructing a cartographic database designed for applications in hydrology, more specifically, as a base for a Decision Support System for Urban Basin Management - DSSURM. The methodology combines techniques of manual terrain features extraction, as well as automatic techniques of photogrammetry. Digital orthophotos and contour maps were generated. The coarser 5 meters interval was used for the mountainous regions and forest, and the finer 1 meter interval for other regions, floodplains were prioritized for mapping flooding areas. The final analyses show the viability of the methodology as well as the high quality of the cartographic products.

  3. Interplay of RhoA and mechanical forces in collective cell migration driven by leader cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reffay, M; Parrini, M C; Cochet-Escartin, O; Ladoux, B; Buguin, A; Coscoy, S; Amblard, F; Camonis, J; Silberzan, P

    2014-03-01

    The leading front of a collectively migrating epithelium often destabilizes into multicellular migration fingers where a cell initially similar to the others becomes a leader cell while its neighbours do not alter. The determinants of these leader cells include mechanical and biochemical cues, often under the control of small GTPases. However, an accurate dynamic cartography of both mechanical and biochemical activities remains to be established. Here, by mapping the mechanical traction forces exerted on the surface by MDCK migration fingers, we show that these structures are mechanical global entities with the leader cells exerting a large traction force. Moreover, the spatial distribution of RhoA differential activity at the basal plane strikingly mirrors this force cartography. We propose that RhoA controls the development of these fingers through mechanical cues: the leader cell drags the structure and the peripheral pluricellular acto-myosin cable prevents the initiation of new leader cells.

  4. Da intuição como método filosófico à cartografia como método de pesquisa - considerações sobre o exercício cognitivo do cartógrafo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Amador

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This text discusses the cartography, a geographical practice of attendance of processes in course which, more than a delineating plan of historical courses, it is in charge of a field of forces in the core of the strata. Proposed as wandering way by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, the cartography offers itself as trail to access that which forces to think; to that which forces to move practices, subjectivities and worlds going in the pursuit of the event and giving itself to the researcher, as attendance possibility of that which does not bend to the representation. Understanding that the cartographic method convokes a peculiar cognitive exercise of the researcher - once being turned to the plan of a problematic field, it requests a cognition much more capable of inventing the world, that of recognizing it -, we looked for elements for that discussion in a dialogue with Henri Bergson when he is devoted to think about the intuition as method.

  5. Da intuição como método filosófico à cartografia como método de pesquisa - considerações sobre o exercício cognitivo do cartógrafo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Amador

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This text discusses the cartography, a geographical practice of attendance of processes in course which, more than a delineating plan of historical courses, it is in charge of a field of forces in the core of the strata. Proposed as wandering way by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, the cartography offers itself as trail to access that which forces to think; to that which forces to move practices, subjectivities and worlds going in the pursuit of the event and giving itself to the researcher, as attendance possibility of that which does not bend to the representation. Understanding that the cartographic method convokes a peculiar cognitive exercise of the researcher - once being turned to the plan of a problematic field, it requests a cognition much more capable of inventing the world, that of recognizing it -, we looked for elements for that discussion in a dialogue with Henri Bergson when he is devoted to think about the intuition as method.

  6. Genetic and antigenic characterization of influenza A virus circulating in Danish swine during the past decade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fobian, Kristina; Kirk, Isa Kristina; Breum, Solvej Østergaard;

    Influenza A virus has been endemic in Danish swine for the last 30 years, with H1N1 and H1N2 being the dominating subtypes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the genetic and antigenic evolution of the influenza viruses found in Danish swine during the last 10 years. A total of 78 samples...... tests were analysed by antigenic cartography to quantify the antigenic relationship between the virus isolates. The antigenic cartography map showed that most of the Danish viruses were antigenic very similar, with only a few outliers. In conclusion, this study provided an important contribution....... Phylogenetic analysis of the HA and NA genes revealed continuous evolutionary drift as expected for RNA viruses with low mutational selection pressure. Estimated selection pressures indicated that more purifying and less diversifying selection controlled the H1 evolution. The mean rates of synonymous and non...

  7. Thermal runaway in polyimide at high electric field probed by infrared thermography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaham, Sombel; Belijar, Guillaume; Locatelli, Marie-Laure; Lebey, Thierry

    2015-03-01

    An original way for characterizing dielectrics under high electric field and high temperature based on the coupling between electric current measurements and real-time fast infrared (IR) thermography is demonstrated. Particularly, the Joule heating phenomenon at high field is quantified by 2D-temperature cartography in a polyimide (PI) film set at an initial temperature of 300 °C through IR observations of the polarized electrode. 2D-temperature cartography highlights the temperature increase with increasing the electric field. The thermal runway occurs prior to the dielectric breakdown from an electric field threshold of 140-150 V/μm. This corresponds to a dissipated volume power density between 2 and 5 mW/μm3. Such values report the limit of the electro-thermal equilibrium in PI film.

  8. Mind the gap. Cartografie urbane di luoghi dimenticati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia D'Angelo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay’s main goal is getting close to some of the artists which have been using cartography as a means to practice reality during the ’60s. Starting from Henri Lefebvre’s (1901-1991 «cognitive cartography» related to his studies on Everyday life’s critique and the revolutionary situationist concept of the Unitarian Urbanism, a relevant number of artists used mapping - both in a phisical or a mental way - as a means of action and interaction upon the urban context. Using both conceptual and performative practices, artists as Robert Smithson (1938, On Kawara (1933 and Jeremy Wood (1976 have shown how to ‘measure’ the urban ambient way too far from the everyday paths and, for this reason, apparently forgotten.

  9. Visual Analysis Based on the Data of Chinese Surveying and Mapping Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Liu, Haiyan; Guo, Wenyue; Yu, Anzhu

    2016-06-01

    Taking four influential Chinese surveying and mapping journals as the data source, 5863 papers published during the period of 2003-2013 were obtained. Using the method of bibliometrics and visual analysis, summarizing the surveying and mapping papers in the past ten years (2003-2013), research themes, authors, and geographical distribution were analyzed. In the study, the papers of geodesy, cartography and GIS are 59.9%, more than half of all the papers. We also determine that the core author group has 131 authors, mainly of whom are from big cities. 90% of top ten cities on the number of publishing papers are capital cities or municipalities directly under the central government.In conclusion, we found that the research focus was different every year, and the research content was richness, the content of geodesy, cartography and GIS were widely researched, and the development of surveying and mapping is imbalanced in China.

  10. Corporeidade, significação e o primeiro ano de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Amorim

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This text discusses the cartography, a geographical practice of attendance of processes in course which, more than a delineating plan of historical courses, it is in charge of a field of forces in the core of the strata. Proposed as wandering way by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, the cartography offers itself as trail to access that which forces to think; to that which forces to move practices, subjectivities and worlds going in the pursuit of the event and giving itself to the researcher, as attendance possibility of that which does not bend to the representation. Understanding that the cartographic method convokes a peculiar cognitive exercise of the researcher - once being turned to the plan of a problematic field, it requests a cognition much more capable of inventing the world, that of recognizing it -, we looked for elements for that discussion in a dialogue with Henri Bergson when he is devoted to think about the intuition as method.

  11. Towards a Poststructuralist Perspective on the Making and the Power of Maps. A Response to Ball and Petsimeris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Michel

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes the recent article "Mapping Urban Social Divisions" by BALL and PETSIMERIS, published in FQS, as a starting point for discussing the role of maps for visualizing knowledge and as an object of research in the social sciences. The paper draws on the theoretical approach of "critical cartography" which changed the conception of maps and the practice of mapmaking since the early 1990s. Critical cartography is deeply informed by a poststructuralist critique of knowledge and truth. Maps, no longer conceptualized as graphical images of reality where the only concern is the quality of the data, are powerful actors in the social construction of reality. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003281

  12. [Cartographic errors in perimetry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoulis, C; Weber, J

    1991-02-01

    Cartography in perimetry repeats the problem of the cartography of the globe: it is impossible to transfer the image properly without a distortion of either angles, distances or areas. The projection type mostly used in perimetry leads to an enlargement and a tangential deformation that increases overproportionally towards the periphery (30 degrees: +5%, 60 degrees: +20%, 90 degrees: +57%). A circular scotoma, for example, is charted as en ellipse. In the opposite case, when a test point pattern is transferred from the perimetric chart to a perimetric sphere, there is a deformation, too. The distances between the test points are reduced in tangential direction, compared to the chart. A test grid with equidistant points on the chart appears in a rhomboid or rectangular distortion. This phenomenon has to be considered in the design of test point patterns for automatic static perimeters.

  13. The Novak Collection in the National and University Library in Zagreb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Miletić Drder

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Drago Novak (1933–2011 was a prominent doctor of medicine and scientist, world traveller and global citizen, kind host and always a welcome guest, particularly known as a collector, admirer and connoisseur of old maps of Croatia. In addition, he was an admirer of fine art, a passionate seeker of books on cartography, history, art and a wide range of other scientific and popular areas. According to his will, his rich collection of maps, atlases and books in the field of cartography, also known as The Novak Collection, became a part of The Collection of Maps and Atlases of The National and University Library in Zagreb. The main part of The Novak Collection was given to the library at the end of 2012 and the smaller part was purchased in 2013.

  14. Program Design of Cartographic Symbolization Based on CorelDRAW VBA%基于CorelDRAW VBA的地图制图符号化程序设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹言军; 孔令华; 黄海涛

    2013-01-01

    Using the software of CorelDRAW, the secondary development is carried out for the software with itself VBA,and the features of points,lines,polygons and annotations are symbolized in the cartography , and also the particular codes are given with examples in order to improve the efficiency of cartography.%该文介绍了在CorelDRAW软件下,利用自带VBA对软件进行二次开发,对地图制图中的点状要素、线状要素、面状要素和注记进行符号化,并结合实例列出详细的实例代码,利用程序来提高地图制图的效率.

  15. Catalog of US GeoData

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    1990-01-01

    The development of geographic information systems (GIS) is a rapidly growing industry that supports natural resources, studies, land management, environmental analysis, and urban and transporation planning. The increasing use of computers for storing and analyzing earth science information has greatly expanded the demand for digital cartographic and geographic data. Digital cartography involves the collection, storage, processing, analysis, and display of map data with the aid of computers. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Nation's largest earth science research agency, through its National Mapping Program, has expanded digital cartography operations to include the collection of elevation, planimetric, land use and land cover, and geographic names information in digital form. This digital information is available on 9-track magnetic tapes and, in the case of 1:2,000,000-scale planimetric digital line graph data, in Compact Disc Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) format. Digital information can be used with all types of geographic and land information systems.

  16. Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps

    CERN Document Server

    Carr, Daniel B

    2010-01-01

    After more than 15 years of development drawing on research in cognitive psychology, statistical graphics, computer science, and cartography, micromap designs are becoming part of mainstream statistical visualizations. Bringing together the research of two leaders in this field, "Visualizing Data Patterns with Micromaps" presents the many design variations and applications of micromaps, which link statistical information to an organized set of small maps. This full-color book helps readers simultaneously explore the statistical and geographic patterns in their data. After illustratin

  17. La représentation de l'espace chez des Touaregs du Sahel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmond BERNUS

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available Une cartographie éphémère, par des cartographes d'occasion qui dessinent habituellement sur le sable. Des Touaregs reportent sur le papier une représentation graphique originale de leurs itinéraires, dans des régions où les repères sont rares et où le réseau hydrographique sert de trame aux aires de nomadisation.

  18. Mapping Cartographic Poster of Sustainability Development Goal "Climate Action"

    OpenAIRE

    Arnež, Maša

    2016-01-01

    Graduating thesis presents a poster project with cartographic perspective which more precisely shows one of the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals that were proposed by United Nations (UN) in 2015. Commission on Mountain Cartography from International Association of Cartographers took over the production of cartographic designed shaped poster of the thirteenth Sustainable Development Goal titled “Climate Action”. The aim of creating the content of the poster is to present current sit...

  19. U.S. Geological Survey World Wide Web Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) invites you to explore an earth science virtual library of digital information, publications, and data. The USGS World Wide Web sites offer an array of information that reflects scientific research and monitoring programs conducted in the areas of natural hazards, environmental resources, and cartography. This list provides gateways to access a cross section of the digital information on the USGS World Wide Web sites.

  20. Identifying Environmental Features for Land Management Decisions, Annual Report

    OpenAIRE

    United States, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    1983-01-01

    This annual report outlines the major accomplishments of the Center for Remote Sensing and Cartography (CRSC) since the annual report was submitted in October 1982, with reference to the semiannual report of March 1983. The past year has been characterized by important progress in the research of digital processing techniques, completion of projects involving integrated remote sensing and environmental analysis, and interesting developments for new and continuing projects. Our computing str...

  1. For the France evolution of the Government role in the definition and the implementing of an energy policy; Pour la France: evolution du role de l'Etat dans la definition et la mise en oeuvre d'une politique de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-15

    The working group aims to realize a cartography of the State intervention in the energy policy, to evaluate its organization and its tools facing the today challenges and to identify propositions axis. The first part is devoted to the energy model in the new landscape of the energy. The second part deals with the redefinition of the Government competences and missions, as the last part defines the long term management. (A.L.B.)

  2. GENERAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>20132163 Chen Jianping(School of Earth Sciences and Resources,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China);Wang Xiang Compilation of the Lunar Geotectonic Outline Map Based on Multisource Data:A Case Study of LQ-4 Area(Earth Science Frontiers,ISSN1005-2321,CN11-3370/P,19(6),2012,p.1-14,6illus.,5tables,25refs.)Key words:Moon,tectonic units,digital cartography

  3. artographie des risques naturels dans les Pyrénées et sur leur piémont

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc ANTOINE

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches menées par le CIMA URA-366 sur les risques naturels dans les Pyrénées privilégient leur dimension historique et l’étude des contextes socio-écologiques dans lesquels ils s’inscrivent. Cette approche novatrice débouche sur une cartographie historique des phénomènes, conjugant plusieurs niveaux d’analyse spatiotemporels.

  4. Interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the management of a tuberculosis; Interet de la TEP-TDM au 18F-FDG dans la prise en charge d'une tuberculose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Sellem, D.; Hubele, F.; Imperiale, A.; Constantinesco, A. [Service de medecine nucleaire, hopital Hautepierre, Strasbourg, (France); Lefebvre, N.; Hansmann, Y. [service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales, NHC, Strasbourg, (France)

    2009-05-15

    The objective was to evaluate the interest of the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. in the diagnosis and the coverage of an abdomen ganglion tuberculosis. Conclusions: Through the presented case, the PET-T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G. seems to be well adapted to determine the lesion cartography of the seronegative tuberculosis, the targeting of biopsies and the efficiency of the therapy evaluation. (N.C.)

  5. [The management by the processes in a cancer center, an utopian initiative?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verger, David; Mihura, Jeanne; Sallé, Françoise; Sarini, Jérôme; Colin, Valérie

    2008-01-01

    The process approach is a mode of quality improvement. It leans on the cartography's establishment, allows to redefine organization around patients trajectory, the measure of defects and their correction. The process pilot is a new actor in the management of the establishment. It is developed since 3 years in the Institute Claudius Regaud, regional cancer center treatment of Midi-Pyrénées.

  6. Justice unbound? Globalisation, states and the transformation of the social bond

    OpenAIRE

    Devetak, Richard; Higgott, Richard A.

    1999-01-01

    Conventional accounts of justice suppose the presence of a stable political society, stable identities, and a Westphalian cartography of clear lines of authority--usually a state--where justice can be realised. They also assume a stable social bond. But what if, in an age of globalisation, the territorial boundaries of politics unbundle and a stable social bond deteriorates? How then are we to think about justice? Can there be justice in a world where that bond is constantly being disrupted o...

  7. Map Design for Computer Processing: Literature Review and DMA Product Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    NORDA’s Mapping. Chart- ing and Geodesy Division and Dr. Charles Walker. head of NORDA’% Pat- tern Analysis Branch. provided valuable advice and support... Baudelaire , Palo Alto Research Center, Xerox Corp.); a cient solutions have been found.* Yet there is promise system based on spiral curves (Peter...Automated Methodology -, Bigelow, Charles and Donald Day (1983). Digital for Linear Generalization in Thematic Cartography. Typography. Scientific American

  8. “All flat maps, and I am one”: Cartographic References in the Poems of John Donne

    OpenAIRE

    Niayesh, Ladan

    2016-01-01

    Drawing both on the medieval Mappae mundi and the Ptolemaic tradition revived in the Renaissance, the recurrent cartographic motif in John Donne’s poetry well reflects the preoccupations of a revolutionary period in the history of Western cartography. Yet, for all its cosmic magnitude, Donne’s poems, both holy and secular, are turned, not so much towards an exploration of the world as towards an exploration of the Self as the ultimate object of reflection. Empruntant à la fois aux mappemon...

  9. Characteristics of the Navy Laboratory Warfare Center Technical Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-29

    ten years behind them in a position to assume responsibilities quickly, possibly without the necessary professional seasoning . 2.2 Distribution...public website7 or provided upon request8: • “Employment status of civilian noninstitutional population by age, sex, and race” (not seasonally ... Astronomy & Space Sci. 1330 Cartography 1370 Chemistry 1320 Gen. Physical Science 1301 Geodesy 1372 Geology 1350 Geophysics 1313 Health Physics 1306

  10. Handbook for Transformation of Datums, Projections, Grids, and Common Coordinate Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-01

    Publica - tion No. 251 Conformal Projections in Geodesy and Cartography. (Thomas, 1979) Engineer Technical Letter No. 1110-1-147 Engineering and...the NOAA Manual NOS NGS 5 and the Coast and Geodetic Survey Special Publica - tion No. 251 are available from National Geodetic Information Branch, N...Liberia (CD) 0 1987 -90 15 40 15 88 15 LUZON LUZ Clarke 1866 Philippines (Excluding Mindanao Island) LUZ -A (CC) 0 1987 -133 8 -77

  11. Optimizing map labeling of point features based on an onion peeling approach

    OpenAIRE

    Bae, Wan D.; Shayma Alkobaisi; Sada Narayanappa; Petr Vojtechovsky; Kye Y. Bae

    2011-01-01

    Map labeling of point features is the problem of placing text labels to corresponding point features on a map in a way that minimizes overlaps while satisfying basic rules for the quality. This is a critical problem in the application of cartography and geographical information systems (GIS). In this paper we study the fundamental issues related to map labeling of point features and develop a new genetic algorithm to solve this problem. We adopt a method called convex onion peeling and utiliz...

  12. Queer Pedagogies Out of Place and Time: Redrawing the Boundaries of Youth, Sexual and Gender Difference, and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    For this contribution to the "Cartographies" section of the special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," the author focuses on the concept of spatialized time as made material in the location of historical places, in particular as it relates to a reconsideration of approaches to Australian queer/LGBT youth education. Accordingly, the author employs historical maps as illustrative examples of spatialized time, reflecting on the relationships between historical knowledge and queer youth education.

  13. PROSPECTING EXPLORATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>20140575Hu Weiyang(Institute of Surveying and Mapping of Geology and Mineral Resources of Jilin Province,Changchun 130062,China)Map-Making and Study of Three-Dimensional City Map(Jilin Geology,ISSN1001-2427,CN22-1099/P,32(1),2013,p.140-142,145,1illus.,3refs.)Key words:digital cartography With the rapid development of computer technology and mapping technology,threedimensional map of the electronic map gradu-

  14. 我国省级空间数据库的一种构建方案%A Construction Schema for Provincial Spatial Database of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳东; 龚健雅

    2009-01-01

    In order to provide a provincial spatial database, this paper presents a scheme for spatial database construction to meet the needs of China. The objective and overall technical route of spatial database construction are described. The logical and physical database models are designed. Key issues are addressed, such as integration of multi-scale heterogeneous spatial databases, spatial data version management based on metadata and integrative management of map cartography and spatial database.

  15. G.I.S. ou pas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie RIMBERT

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available Que peut espérer un chercheur d'un G.I.S. (en français S.I.G.: Système d'Information Géographique? Et un aménageur? Beaucoup au niveau de la formation, car ils assurent visualisation, traitements, transformations, interrogations. Le renouvellement de la cartographie passe aussi par l'étude des surfaces cartographiques.

  16. Contribution of sensor fusion to urban mapping: application to simulated SPOT 5-6 data

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    International audience; This communication intends to enhance the contribution of a sensor fusion method to urban mapping using the simulated SPOT 5-6 data. A new scheme is proposed for cartography of urban areas which takes into account the multispectral and the multiresolution nature of the data. This process makes use of classification and segmentation. An application of the sensor fusion method to analyse the simulated SPOT 5-6 data is presented. The benefits of using sensor fusion before...

  17. Application du carisbamate comme agent neuroprotecteur et modificateur de l’épileptogénèse dans le modèle Lithium-Pilocarpine : évaluation de l’expression protéique et des altérations neurochimiques cérébrales

    OpenAIRE

    Marques Carneiro Da Silva, Jose Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    The carisbamate is the 1st molecule showing an epileptogenesis modifying effect, that about 50% of treated animals develops absence instead limbic seizures, commonly seen in the pilocarpine model. The aim of this thesis was to study the changes that follows carisbamate treatment. Therefore, we made a brain activity cartography, by labelling c-Fos protein, and we quantified the concentrations of amino acids and monoamines in hippocampus, thalamus and piriform cortex, 4h after the status epilep...

  18. Posidonia oceanica changes in the Mediterranean sea

    OpenAIRE

    Marbà, Núria; Díaz-Almela, Elena; Duarte, Carlos M.

    2013-01-01

    Methodology: We compiled available data published in peer-review articles and grey literature reports until year 2009 as well as our own unpublished data. We searched for data with the engine ISI web of Knowledge, using the keywords Posidonia oceanica AND (regression OR decline OR progression OR recovery OR status OR cartography OR limits OR cover OR density OR biomass OR dynamics), and conducting a back search of cited papers. More information about the methodology to be found at: Calleja...

  19. ¿Dónde buscar troglobiontes? Ensayo de una cartografía predictiva con MaxEnt en Gran Canaria (islas Canarias)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Where should we search for troglobionts? A study of predictive cartography using MaxEnt in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain) A total of, 160 terrestrial troglobiont species are known to date in the Canary Islands. These species are mainly located on the youngest islands that have abundant volcanic tubes (Tenerife, La Palma and El Hierro). On Gran Canaria, an older island with few volcanic caves, the hypogean fauna was considered poor until recent explorations in the mesocavernous shallo...

  20. Évolution des différenciations spatiales sur la Côte d'Azur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine VOIRON-CANICIO

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Le variogramme est un outil de détection de structures spatiales. Calculé à différentes périodes, il permet d'effectuer également des analyses spatio-temporelles. Les cartes présentées proposent un exemple de cartographie de la dynamique spatiale de la population sur le littoral des Alpes-Maritimes et autour du pôle niçois.

  1. АЛГОРИТМЫ ГРУППИРОВКИ ГЕОСТАЦИОНАРНЫХ МЕТОК НА КАРТЕ GOOGLE MAPS

    OpenAIRE

    Григорюк, А.; Брагинская, Л.

    2013-01-01

    Internet is now the decisive factor for distribution of the geoinformative systems and their conversion into important component of the contemporary informational technology. Recently, however; the gybrid or mash-up systems, such as GIS, becomes most popular in the Internet. In such systems the geological data from the application database combine with the cartographical service granted by a special Web server. Google Maps is now the most developed service of cartography [1]. Authors of the p...

  2. CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF SOCIOFORMATIVA TEACHING

    OpenAIRE

    José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda; Sergio Tobón-Tobón; José Manuel Vázquez-Antonio

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present article of scientific investigation lies on the deep study of the concept “socioformative teaching” due to the absence of a conceptual. Materials and methods; it is used conceptual cartography as a method, following de eight sides of the analysis proposed, taking as a base primary sources. Results and conclusions: the clarification of the concept is presented along with its methodological. New studies are suggested about methodology and its impact on the complete fo...

  3. CONTEXT PROBLEMS: PHILOSOPHICAL AND TEACHING OF SOCIOFORMACIÓN

    OpenAIRE

    José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda; Guillermo Guerrero-Rosas; Sergio Tobón-Tobón

    2015-01-01

    Importance: To identify the key characteristics of the problems of context and establish its methodological axis. Materials and methods: A documentary analysis based on the conceptual cartography through eight axes was performed. Results and conclusions: the problems of context include the establishment of needs, gaps or difficulties in a particular area of knowledge (real situation) and involve establishing a challenge or purpose to overcome to achieve innovation and improvement criteria (id...

  4. Benthic communities and geomorphology of the Tesoro Island Coral Reef, Colombian Caribbean

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-M., Juan M.

    1995-01-01

    The benthic communities distribution in Tesoro Island (Colombian Caribbean) coral reef was determinad by cartography of reef morphology and functional groups from aerial photographs, theodolite triangulation, and bottom transects over depths ranging from O to 30 m. Tesoro Island is a sand cay reef developed over an emerged reef platform whose basal cone possibly originated by mud diapirism on the continental shelf. The benthic communities are distributed as subzones of the geomorphologic unit...

  5. China’s Space Program: A New Tool for PRC "Soft Power" in International Relations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    geology , hydrology, geography, cartography, meteorology, and environment, etc. [as well as] promotion [sic] of the development and application of space...Agency of Pakistan website (note: not current in that it does not reflect Turkey joining in 2006). 229 Ibid. The eight nations were: Bangladesh ...Laiyan is currently the head of CNSA, China’s counterpart to NASA. 231 Bangladesh joined the SMMS project over a year later, in July 1999. The

  6. O projeto museográfico da exposição Cartografia de uma história - São Paulo colonial: mapas e relatos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Nogueira Bogus

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the museum set design project for Cartography of a history, an exhibition opened at Museu Paulista/São Paulo University in March 2005. The said project was conceived and developed based on a combination of the research team´s ideas and the profile of visitors to the Museum. It is therefore an integrated pursuit whose purpose was to approach the process of discovery in a playful manner.

  7. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Planning for Information Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV’s) and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) are being used extensively in fields of underwater cartography , exploration...controls required to follow each candidate trajectory. What we are essentially doing is computing the time- histories of the states and controls along...numerically differentiate (3.24) in order to check a given constraint on Ψ such as |Ψ̇(t)| ≤ Ψ̇max. The net result is a time- history of the states and

  8. Cross Hallway Detection and Indoor Localization Using Flash Laser Detection and Ranging

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    systems in the past, like interferometry or line-scanning LADAR have a varied history of utilization. However, flash LADAR provides several advantages over...utilization in navigation. 2.6.1 Line-Scanning LADAR Research. Line-scanning LADAR has a longer history of use than flash LADAR, as these systems have...Martin A and Robert C Bolles. “Random sample consensus: a paradigm for model fitting with applications to image analysis and automated cartography

  9. MATHEMATICAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>20122753 Gao Yanfang ( China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China );Wang Huiqiang The Methods of Mapgis Applied in Regional Geophysical and Geochemical Planning ( Computing Techniques for Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration,ISSN1001-1749,CN51-1242 / P,33 ( 6 ), 2011,p.677-681,5illus.,1table,10refs. ) Key words:geographic information system,digital cartography Using of combining MapGIS with VB and PivotTable of Excel is given in this paper.

  10. A Cognitive Approach to Instructional Techniques and Color Selection in Mapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    within a series of constraints, The educators , Suzuki and Orff , have used critical listening and improvisation to teach their students music in the...practical approach to cartography). Orff’s method is not dissimilar to Suzuki’s. Orff brings the student in touch with the primal origins of music so that...or even dis- carding current thought and theory in cartographic instruc- tion and research but is how to incorporate a change that includes educating

  11. ISTAT DATA UTILIZATION TO ENHANCE LANDSAT 8 IMAGES CLASSIFICATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Mugnoli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ISTAT geographic data, updated to realize census 2010 project in October 2011, represents an useful resource to improve the results derived from Land cover/use cartography or satellite image processing. In fact, both ISTAT vector data and other cartography data (i.e. satellite image classification can be integrated to realize a product that can help to better understand land cover data especially in urban environment (i. e. urban sprawl, although it can’t be considered a cartography product in a strict sense. This paper summarizes an experimental study based on a LANDSAT 8 image that cover completely 5 provinces in the north of Italy, where it’s shown that ISTAT data, DEM and combine of NDVI and NDBI indices can improve the results of the satellite image classification process, especially in urban areas. Used SW: ARCGIS 10.1 for desktop (ArcInfo license and ERDAS Imagine.

  12. Caert-Thresoor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Husak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Caert-Thresoor is a Dutch journal about the history of cartography which has been published four times a year since 1982. The journal is in Dutch, with abstract in English. It is available in printed and digital form (PDF up to volume 3 in 2010 (URL1. The Dutch–English journal website is nice and clearly designed with all important data about the journal: Caert-Thresoor published by the Barent Langenes Foundation is the only journal published in the Netherlands devoted to the history of cartography. The articles concern various aspects of historical cartography, such as plans of towns, fortifications and gardens, developments in styles of decoration and activities of individual mapmakers, engravers and publishers. The journal also features contributions on Dutch map collections and announcements of findings of unusual items. Readers of Caert-Thresoor are frequently informed about new literature, facsimiles and exhibitions. First published in 1982, Caert-Thresoor is nowadays published four times a year. The journal has about 650 subscribers, mainly in the Netherlands. Generally, each issue contains two or three articles, reviews, news and announcements ('Varia Cartographica' and listings of new literature and facsimiles. The journal is published in Dutch, with English summaries.

  13. Clay-illuvial soils in the Polish and international soil classifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabała Cezary

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Soil with a clay-illuvial subsurface horizon are the most widespread soil type in Poland and significantly differ in morphology and properties developed under variable environmental conditions. Despite the long history of investigations, the rules of classification and cartography of clay-illuvial soils have been permanently discussed and modified. The distinction of clay-illuvial soils into three soil types, introduced to the Polish soil classification in 2011, has been criticized as excessively extended, non-coherent with the other parts and rules of the classification, hard to introduce in soil cartography and poorly correlated with the international soil classifications. One type of clay-illuvial soils (“gleby płowe” was justified and recommended to reintroduce in soil classification in Poland, as well as 10 soil subtypes listed in a hierarchical order. The subtypes may be combined if the soil has diagnostic features of more than one soil subtypes. Clear rules of soil name generalization (reduction of subtype number for one soil were suggested for soil cartography on various scales. One of the most important among the distinguished soil sub-types are the “eroded” or “truncated” clay-illuvial soils.

  14. MODELOS DE ENSEÑANZA Y APRENDIZAJE CON EL USO DE MAPAS EN LOS LIBROS DE TEXTO DE ESPAÑA Y BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Rodrigo Oliveira

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMÉN:Este trabajo tiene por objetivo identificar y analizar los modelos de enseñanza y aprendizaje con el uso de los mapas en los libros de texto de la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria de España y Brasil, para posteriormente valorar su utilidad en la enseñanza y aprendizaje de la Cartografía y de la Geografía escolar.PALABRAS CLAVE:Lenguaje cartográfica, libros de texto y enseñanza del mapa.ABSTRACT:This work must by objective identiS. and analyze the models of education and learning with the use of the maps in text books of the Obligatory Secondary Education of Spain and Brazil, later to value its utility in education and learning of the Cartography and scholastic Geography.KEY WORDS:Cartographic language, text books and teaching of the map.RÉSUMÉ:Ce tdvail a pour que l'objectif d'identifie et A analizar les modttles de l'enseignement et de l'apprentissage avec l'usage des cartes en livres des textes au Licé d'Espagne et du Bresil, d'évaluer plus tard son utilité dans l'enseignement et apprentissage de la Cartographie et de la Géographie d'écolier.MOTS CLÉ:Languege cartographique, livres de texte et enseignement de la cartographie.     

  15. RULE-BASED DATA-DRIVEN THEMATIC MAPPING TECHNIQUE AND ITS APPLICATION RESEARCH%基于规则数据驱动的专题制图技术及其应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾洪云; 解智强; 王东峰

    2011-01-01

    Cartography automation is one of the important goals to pursue by Map of Workers,and it is one of the hot issues of current research,It geospatial information science is of great significance.In this paper,Kunming,river(pipeline)into the Dianchi lake Thematic cartography project as an example,for the complexity of this project there is the map editor mapping workload and the need to achieve results,and quality requirements of the mapping data,the author uses Representation technology and secondary development based on the actual situation,study rule-based data-driven representation of computer cartography,the process must solve some of the traditional workload by a large number of human editors to complete the mapping task.In particular,realized the need to destroy some of the traditional GIS data attributes can be achieved at the cost effect of the map drawing.in cartography the results showed that:Rule-driven expression of a computer cartography and GIS technology can both map the different requirements for data mapping,map production can be completed quickly and achieve the effect of traditional cartography,can save a lot of manpower and material resources,has broad marketing and engineering applications.%地图制图自动化是地图学的重要目标之一,也是当前研究的热点问题之一,对地球空间信息科学的发展具有十分重要的意义。通过采用Representation技术,以昆明市入滇河道(管线)专题地图制图项目为例,研究探讨基于规则化数据驱动的计算机地图制图表达,部分解决了传统上必须通过大量人工编辑才能够完成的制图任务,特别是实现了传统上需要以破坏数据的GIS属性为代价才能够实现的地图制图效果,结果表明:基于规则驱动的计算机地图制图表达技术能够兼顾GIS和地图制图对数据的不同要求,可快速完成地图制作,并达到传统地图制图效果,节省大量的人力物力,具有广阔的推广和工程应用价值。

  16. Using catenas for GIS-based mapping of NW Mediterranean littoral habitats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariani, Simone; Cefalì, Maria Elena; Terradas, Marc; Chappuis, Eglantine; Ballesteros, Enric

    2014-06-01

    Studies aimed at describing habitats and mapping their distributions are pivotal to implementing management plans and to effectively guide conservation measures. We developed a novel approach of data collection and entry (CAT-LIT) to establish a detailed cartography of the littoral habitats found along the Catalan coast (Spain). Field data were recorded using coded, two-digit hierarchical lists (e.g. Aa, Ab, etc.) of horizons found at each point along the coast, called catenas. The horizons were either dominated by species (on the rocky bottoms) or sediment types (on the beaches) and corresponded to LPRE, EUNIS and CORINE habitats. Catenas were transferred into a database and calculations about the extent of bottom types, habitats, and catenas themselves along the coast were carried out with GIS tools. In addition, habitat link richness was calculated and represented using network analysis programs. The application of CAT-LIT to the Catalan coast showed that the habitats dominated by the lichen Verrucaria amphibia and the flattened barnacle Euraphia depressa and those dominated by the barnacle Chthamalus spp. were almost ubiquitous. Those dominated by the red alga Corallina elongata, the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and the red alga Rissoella verruculosa were also common. Because of the frequency of their connections, those habitats formed a huge hub of links in the networks. By using catenas, the habitats can be viewed using GIS based programs keeping the catena as the main informational and ecological unit. The catenas allow maximum compactness when vertically distributed habitats are to be shown on a 2D map. The complete cartography and dataset on the spatial distribution of the littoral habitats from Catalonia is valuable for coastal management and conservation to study changes in the habitat distribution and relate such changes to anthropogenic pressures. Furthermore, the CAT-LIT can be easily adapted to shores of other seas and oceans to obtain accurate

  17. Image analysis from surface scanning with an absolute eddy current coil; Analyse d`images obtenues par balayage de surface avec un capteur ponctuel courants de Foucault

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Attaoui, P.

    1994-10-19

    The aim of this work is to implement processing and analysis tools applied to eddy current imaging. These cartographies are issued from steam generator tubes testing using an absolute coil. The first is to eliminate the perturbations due to probe lift-off changes which generate low frequency oscillations on the image. The principle of the processing is to rebuild a complete surface of the noise using only the points around the defect area. The geometric origin of these perturbations led to a model based on sinusoidal functions. The method consists of gradually decomposing the image into a sum of basic sinusoidal surfaces. In order to take into account all kind of cartographies (especially rolling zone) some preprocessing must be applied. The results obtained with this `cartography flattening`are satisfactory and the phase of analysis could begin with good condition of signal ratio. The second part of this work dealt with the choice and the perfection of image processing tools which would fit the most with the defect characterization. The aim of this characterization is to give the orientation and main size of the detected defect. A morphological skeleton representation has been chosen to illustrate the defect architecture and to allow sizing. A set of tools has been elaborated to obtain an (automatic) processing according to threshold. The results for single defect are satisfactory since the sizing error is around {+-} 25% and orientation is nearly always correctly given. The processing for area with several defects is more complex and new complementary research directions are proposed. (author).

  18. GEODESY AND DIGITAL CARTOGRAPHIC SURVEY IN FILDES PENINSULA,REY JORGE ISLAND,ANTARCTICA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The present paper summarizes a joint effort undertaken by the Instituto Geográfico Militar de Chile (IGM) and the Instituto Antártico Chileno (INACH) in order to obtain digital cartography of the Fildes Peninsula,Rey Jorge Island,Antarctica.This peninsula constitutes the prototype project area for the main IGM_INACH project N° 153 “Cartographic Survey and Geographic Information System of the South Shetlands Islands" The Digital Cartography was implemented at the 1∶5 000 scale,using geodetic GPS control points referenced to ITRF 92 and WGS 84 Data.The UTM Projection was used.All products were produced in compliance with the cartographic standards of the IGM. This cartography was designed in order to satisfy the requirements of a Geographic Information System developed by INACH.This geo_referenced database incorporates a variety of thematic information,enabling it to support scientific investigations,environmental and multi_disciplinary studies,and other applications. As a result of this project the Instituto Geográfico Militar de Chile produced a map at 1∶5 000 scale in digital format,and also a 1∶10 000 topographic map,in paper format,with two editions: first edition of two charts and a second edition with one chart covering the whole project area. Chile and other countries have a number of important permanent activities in this area. These maps are designed to support several and diverse geo_spatial studies related to these activities.

  19. 地图可视化与地图学概念的相关性研究%Relativity Research of Map Visualization and Cartographic Concepts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟业勋; 朱重光; 童新华; 韦清螈

    2012-01-01

    地图是人们获取地学空信息的中介和桥梁.地图信息以视觉传输为主要传输方式,故可视化是地图学的核心.本文在论述地图可视化必须满足的基本条件的基础上,对地图比例尺、地图内容的有限性、地图概括及其相关概念的派生、地图色彩的运用、地图符号性质与地图比例尺的相关性、相似现象的普遍存在与它空间认识中的意义、制图资料的处理、计算机制图中的质量监控、地图制印中样图的作用等,分别进行了论述、从而解释了可视化是地图学的核心问题.%Maps are the medium and bridge by which people can gain geo-spatial information. Map information is mainly transferred through visual communication, so visualization is the core of cartographies. This paper, on base of the basic conditions of map visualization, expounds the map scale, limited map content, derive of map generalization and its relational concepts, utilization of map color, relativity of map symbol quality and map scale, universal existence of resemble phenomenon and its meaning in spatial cognition, processing of cartographic document, quality control in computer cartography, affect of proof in map platemaking and printing, etc. so as to illustrate that visualization is the core of cartographies.

  20. Mapping in the cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Peterson, Michael P

    2014-01-01

    This engaging text provides a solid introduction to mapmaking in the era of cloud computing. It takes students through both the concepts and technology of modern cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), and Web-based mapping. Conceptual chapters delve into the meaning of maps and how they are developed, covering such topics as map layers, GIS tools, mobile mapping, and map animation. Methods chapters take a learn-by-doing approach to help students master application programming interfaces and build other technical skills for creating maps and making them available on the Internet. Th

  1. Cuerpo, enfermedad y ciudadanía en las crónicas urbanas de Pedro Lemebel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Ostrov

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The chronicles by Pedro Lemebel configure a cartography of the suburbs of Santiago. It lights up those areas excluded from the “official” map of the city. In the case of Loco afán. Crónicas de sidario, the narrator runs through transvesti, prostitution and AIDS, linking gender and sexuality with other variables, such as ethinicity, language and social status, all involved in the construction of a Latinamerican homossexual subjectivity, which is pictured in these texts as an instance of resistance, towards the dominant identity models.

  2. REFLECTIONS ON NATIONAL GEOPOLITICS -How national geopolitics are mirrored in web map services

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Elina

    2013-01-01

    Critical cartographic research has proved that maps are connected to national geopolitics and that they reflect local, national interests and agendas. The map designer and his background can affect the contents and design of a map to a great extent. Research in critical cartography has so far mostly concentrated on traditional paper maps, but nowadays maps are to a growing extent read on the Web as the World Wide Web has gained success. Because of the extending power that web maps have, it is...

  3. Mapping the deep sea floor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    By the early 20th century, oceanographers intensified their efforts to map the deep sea. The great depth of the Philippine Trench was first observed by the German Planet Expedition in 1912. During World War II, the US naval vessel Cape Johnson used directional echo-sounding to obtain a depth of 10...... Trench in order to map its bathymetric features. The resulting maps are presented in this poster. Unlike many other contemporary developments in deep sea topography and cartography that were shaped by the Cold War, the Galathea maps of the Philippine Trench were intimately connected with the expedition...

  4. Notes sobre subjectivitat i experiència

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fina Birulés

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to underline the fact that, in most contemporary philosophical debates (and somehow, issues in feminist theory are not an exception, a well-known term is playing an important role: experience. We need a cartography of the uses ofexperience, if we want to know what we are talking about and also if we intend to analyze and to rethink the last 25 years of “women studies”, “gender studies” or “subaltern studies”.

  5. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES EPISTEMOLÓGICAS Y METODOLÓGICAS SOBRE EL TRABAJO CON MAPAS EN LA ENSEÑANZA SECUNDARIA OBLIGATORIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Javier Hernando Sanz

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este trabajo realizamos una aproximación a los aspectos teóricos y metodológicos de la Geo- grafía de las Representaciones. Planteamos sintéticamente algunas aproximaciones a propuestas didáctica realizadas en el contexto del trabajo con mapas y cartografía en la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO. Su originalidad reside en la propuesta transversal de destrezas de análisis cartográfico procedentes de las áreas de la cartografia tradicional y de la cartografía temática, com- binadas con la Geografía de las Representaciones. Palabras clave:Geografía de las Representaciones, metodología, cartografía, destrezas cartográficas.Abstract:In this paper we present a theoretical and methodological analysis of Representation Geo- graphy. We draw some approach of some didactic experiences processed in the context of working maps and cartography for its application in Obligatory Secondary Education (ESO. Its relevante resides in the cross-sectional combination of cartographic skills coming from the fields of tradi- cional and thematic cartography combined with the Representation Geography. Keywords:Representation Geograph, methodology, maps, cartographic skills.Resumé:Cet article fait une aproximation a les donnés théoriques et méthodologiques de la Géographie de les Reorésentations. Les résultats accomplis sont présentés dans quelques expériences didactiques traiteés dans le contexte de le travail avec cartes dans l'école a L'Éducation Secondaire Obligatoire (ESO.Son originalité réside dans la combinaison en coupe des concepts venant des de les composantes de la car- tographie traditionelle, de la cartographie thémathique et de la Géographie de les Représentations Mots Clé: Géographie des Représentations. méthode, cartographie, travail avec des cartes 

  6. The Derivation of Skeleton Lines for Terrain Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The geometric and physical analysis methods are conventional methods for the derivation of skeleton lines in the fields of cartography,digital photogrammetry,and related areas.This paper proposes a stepwise approach that uses the physical analysis method in the first stage and the geometric analysis method in the subsequent stage.The physical analysis method analyses the terrain globally to obtain a rough set of skeleton lines for a terrain surface.The rough skeleton lines help to structure the ordering of feature points by the geometric analysis method.

  7. Exploring education between discourse and matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysgaard, Jonas Greve; Fjeldsted, Kristoffer Lolk

    , we wish to expand educational thinking by expanding what is meant by ‘the nature of education’. Methods: This paper is a theoretical, philosophical approach to understanding how materialism could play a more explicit role in ESD research. Applying speculative realism and onto-cartography to the field...... of realism, move away from the valuable social critiques based on discursive apporaches. Our point here is to acknowledge that there are distinct limits to these approaches, especially, when dealing with issues linked to nature, the environment, and climate change. We therefore place reality, not on...

  8. The Recent Development Trends in Hydrography%国际海道测量发展新趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元建胜; 马宏达

    2012-01-01

    介绍了第18届国际海道测量大会概况,通过实地见闻,简要总结和展望了国际海道测量发展的新趋势.旨在对我国海洋测绘事业的发展提供借鉴和参考.%The summary about the 18th International Hydrographic Conference is introduced and the recent development trend of international hydrography and nautical cartography is presented. It can be as a reference of domestic hydrographic surveying and charting.

  9. FCJ-145 Temporal Utopianism and Global Information Networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew White

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the late nineteenth century western circumnavigation of the globe and ever more accurate cartography shifted the utopian genre from the spatial to the temporal – humans’ mastery of place and space developed in contradistinction to their inability to control time, a phenomena that has become seemingly more pronounced in our modern networked societies. But does this increasing temporal instability contain utopian possibilities as well as dystopian threat? This paper engages with ideas in contemporary sociology on the nature of time to identify its potential for utopian thinking and asks whether this can be realised through global information networks.

  10. Evaluation of Educational Atlas Maps in Terms of Cartographic Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bugdayci, Ilkay; Oztug Bildirici, I.

    2016-10-01

    Nowadays, many specialists in geography recommend the usage of digital maps and atlases. But in educational system, especially in Turkey, a traditional cartography based on paper maps is used more than the digital ones. This report considers the deficiencies of current atlas maps that are used in the education of geography and social studies in terms of cartographic design. About 22 atlases has been investigated for the study. Several examples are given from these school atlases and some proposals are introduced about designing children maps.

  11. Management of natural resources through automatic cartographic inventory. [France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey, P.; Gourinard, Y.; Cambou, F. (Principal Investigator)

    1974-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. (1) Accurate recognition of previously known ground features from ERTS-1 imagery has been confirmed and a probable detection range for the major signatures can be given. (2) Unidentified elements, however, must be decoded by means of the equal densitometric value zone method. (3) Determination of these zonings involves an analogical treatment of images using the color equidensity methods (pseudo-color), color composites and especially temporal color composite (repetitive superposition). (4) After this analogical preparation, the digital equidensities can be processed by computer in the four MSS bands, according to a series of transfer operations from imagery and automatic cartography.

  12. Geographical Information Systems (GIS); Sistemas de Informacion Geografica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Santiago, P.A. [Inisel Espacio, Madrid (Spain)

    1994-12-31

    Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have converted in a computer`s tool that due of its great versatility, exceeds of its usage as Basic Cartography Manager. The best GIS to use (vector or raster) will depend on the type of data we work with, we should keep in mind that the use of a specific GIS does not mean total incompatibility with others GIS. Future tendencies in this field aim to Data Storage Optimization and to Shared Operating System between Workstations and Personal computers. (Author)

  13. Early Ukrainian-Belarusian-Polish traditional melo-massif: Interethnic wedding macro-areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klymenko Iryna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Through rhythm-typological analysis and cartography the author has detected a similarity in the typological structure of early traditional musical forms belonging to agricultural and wedding genres on the territory which unites Ukraine, Belarus (within its ethnic area at the beginning of the 20th century, Eastern Poland (the Vistula river basin, and Lithuania (Dzūkija and Aukštaitija. This concerns several dozen song types, composed of items from a common grammatical base, forming the Ukrainian- Belarusian-Polish early-traditional melo-massif ‒ UBPEM. These types share interethnic (2-4-lingual areals, which do not correlate with linguistic ones.

  14. Stationary DIANE equipment Description and performance of the thermal neutron source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cluzeau, S.; Le Tourneur, P.

    1994-05-01

    A new neutron radiography facility using a GENIE 46 generator is now operating at SODERN (France). In contrast to the first mobile DIANE system working at IABG (Germany), this new version uses a stationary thermal neutron source. With this second equipment the performance has been significantly improved. Thanks to computer simulations and experimental thermal neutron cartography, progress has been made on neutron moderation/thermalization (combination of lead and HD polyethylene), extraction geometry, neutron and photon collimation. The results in terms of gamma ray and thermal neutron contents in the beam are reported.

  15. Edible North

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Anders Kristian

    2012-01-01

    With the publication of the Manifesto for a New Nordic Cuisine in 2004, the gastronomic potentials of the Scandinavian flora and fauna became the basis for a social innovation project with ambitions far beyond fine dining and select produce. Since then New Nordic Food has become a key platform......-constitutive role in the formation of publics (Marres 2007) and the ways in which they are themselves reconfigured as ‘matters of concern’ (Latour 2003) in this process. I draw on digital cartographies and fieldwork carried out under the Carlsberg funded project Edible North: Mapping the ’New Nordic Food...

  16. Repopulating the Map: Why Subjects and Things are Never Alone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor Mitew

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article engages the controversies surrounding locative media projects from the perspective of two spatial projections termed as ‘unveiling’ and ‘attaching’. The positions are illustrated with projects from locative media and counter-cartography. It is argued that a spatial projection approaching networks as a priori convergent topoi makes itself blind to the entities and logistics performing the effect of convergence and homogeneity. It is suggested that the controversy around locative media can subside only when mapping efforts concentrate on tracing the intensities of performativity, rather than mistaking its effects for an already present context.

  17. Metaheuristics progress as real problem solvers

    CERN Document Server

    Nonobe, Koji; Yagiura, Mutsunori

    2005-01-01

    Metaheuristics: Progress as Real Problem Solvers is a peer-reviewed volume of eighteen current, cutting-edge papers by leading researchers in the field. Included are an invited paper by F. Glover and G. Kochenberger, which discusses the concept of Metaheuristic agent processes, and a tutorial paper by M.G.C. Resende and C.C. Ribeiro discussing GRASP with path-relinking. Other papers discuss problem-solving approaches to timetabling, automated planograms, elevators, space allocation, shift design, cutting stock, flexible shop scheduling, colorectal cancer and cartography. A final group of methodology papers clarify various aspects of Metaheuristics from the computational view point.

  18. Thematic investigations in France based on metric camera imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecordix, P. Y.

    1985-04-01

    Spacelab metric camera images were used to study geological features, land use, and forestry, and were compared with other data sources used in cartography. For geological surveys, the metric camera is comparable to SPOT satellite, and better than LANDSAT. For land use, Spacelab images are unsatisfactory in urban areas; woodland and scrub is over-represented due to shadow effects and inclusion of water covered with aquatic plants; forest distribution is well reproduced; sandy features are well identified. For forest inventories, results are surprisingly good, e.g., only 4% error in distinguishing resinous and leafy trees.

  19. THE USAGE OF TECHNOLOGIES IN TERRESTRIAL MEASUREMENTS FOR HAZARD MAPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VELE Dan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of natural phenomena (earthquakes, floods, landslides etc. bring economical and social prejudices year by year, watching on them and taking decisions becomes mandatory for reducing the material and human lives loss. Making hazard maps represents a tool used on wide global scale but also particularly in our country. This paper work has the purpose to reveal the interests of certain authors related to the usage of the new technologies of terrestrial measurements (GPS technologies, photogrammetry, cartography and of remote sensing in order to make these hazard maps.

  20. Implementation of data management and analysis system for marine ranching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Xiaopeng; Gao, Zhiqiang; Shang, Weitao; Liu, Chaoshun; Sun, ZhiBin

    2016-09-01

    Marine environment protection is an important support for sustainable development of marine ranching. Based on the geographic information system(GIS) and remote sensing(RS), this study developed a 3S system, which integrate Sea surface temperature, chlorophyll concentration, turbidity of sea water and other factors into system. And these factors are important components of marine environment. The system provided data service including loading, browsing, information inquiry, cartography, and also supported the analysis of remote sensing image. In the implementation of the system, the key points of the related technologies have been paid much attention. The practical application shows that it can provide assistance for the environmental protection of marine ranching.

  1. La ricerca universitaria per l’innovazione applicata al territorio: SI2G, spin off universitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Primo Zingaretti

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available SI2G, university spin-offSI2G is a spin-off company of Polytechnic University of Marche, built up in 2008 by a cross-curricular team belonging to the Engineer faculty. SI2G goes into business as ICT service and solution provider ranging from Remote Sensing and landscape monitoring (in particular Land Cover/Land Use mapping to up-to-date computer cartography, Web-GIS solutions and Geographic Information Systems.

  2. Shielding designs for pressurized water reactors in France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Champion, G.; Forestier, J.; Vergnaud, T.

    1986-07-01

    The efforts made by Electricite de France to reduce exposure from the two-component neutron-gamma radiation fields inside the pressurized water reactor (PWR) building are described. Most of the attention had been focused on the problem of neutron exposure relative to the problem of achieving a highly efficient confinement within the reactor cavity and the state of the art of personnel neutron dosimetry. A description of the general neutron calculation scheme that links the characteristics of the neutron fields escaping from the reactor vessel to the dose equivalent rate cartographies inside the reactor building is provided.

  3. A study on cognition: invention, learning and Mathematical Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovani Cammarota

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a dialogue between the notion of invention andmathematical instruction, mainly, the mathematics classroom. The discussion is based upon an episode of fi eld research, carried out in the Cartography method in a public school in Juiz de Fora/MG. Around this episode, two discourses are articulated about cognition and learning: the Conceptual Field Theory, by Gérard Vergnaud, andthe Semantic Field Model, by Rômulo Lins. The invention crosses both discourses transversally, creating possibilities of thinking learning as a co-production of self-world.

  4. The application of very high resolution satellite image in urban vegetation cover investigation: a case study of Xiamen City%应用高精度卫星图像进行城市植被覆盖调查:以厦门市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程承旗; 李滨; 马廷

    2003-01-01

    With the technological improvements of satellite sensors, we will acquire more informationabout the earth so that we have reached a new application epoch of observation on earthenvironmental change and cartography. But with the enhancement of spatial resolution, somequestions have arisen in the application of using traditional image processing and classificationmethods. Aiming for such questions, we studied the application of IKONOS very high resolutionimage (1 m) in Xiamen City on Urban Vegetation Cover Investigation and discussed the differencebetween the very high resolution image and traditional low spatial resolution image at classification,information abstraction etc. It is an advantageous test for the large-scale application of very highresolution data in the future.

  5. Maps and the writing of space in early modern England and Ireland

    CERN Document Server

    Klein, Bernhard, Dr

    2001-01-01

    Maps make the world visible, but they also obscure, distort, idealize. This wide-ranging study traces the impact of cartography on the changing cultural meanings of space, offering a fresh analysis of the mental and material mapping of early modern England and Ireland. Combining cartographic history with critical cultural studies and literary analysis, it examines the construction of social and political space in maps, in cosmography and geography, in historical and political writing, and in the literary works of Marlowe, Shakespeare, Spenser and Drayton.

  6. Semantic Visualization and Navigation in Textual Corpus

    CERN Document Server

    Kboubi, Férihane; BenAhmed, Mohamed

    2012-01-01

    This paper gives a survey of related work on the information visualization domain and study the real integration of the cartography paradigms in actual information search systems. Based on this study, we propose a semantic visualization and navigation approach which offer to users three search modes: precise search, connotative search and thematic search. The objective is to propose to the users of an information search system, new interaction paradigms which support the semantic aspect of the considered information space and guide users in their searches by assisting them to locate their interest center and to improve serendipity.

  7. L'impôt dans la ville. de la rue aux quartiers nantais (1972-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle RAPETTI

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available Une série d'indices fiscaux, établis à partir des registres de publicité de l'imposition sur le revenu des personnes privées, permet de dresser une géographie fiscale très fine en milieu urbain. Aisément modulable dans l'espace et le temps, la source offre toute possibilité de comparaison avec d'autres indicateurs sociaux ou économiques exploités à diverses échelles. Ses cartographies successives révèlent une certaine dynamique sociale au sein de la ville.

  8. Un imageur radar pour la perception et la caractérisation en milieu naturel

    OpenAIRE

    Rouveure, R.; Faure, P; Monod, M.O.

    2010-01-01

    National audience; Le processus de perception demeure un point critique pour les applications en environnement extérieur. Le radar hyperfréquence offre dans ce contexte un potentiel important car il permet de résoudre certaines limitations des capteurs optiques (laser, vision). Un capteur de ce type, nommé K2Pi, a été conçu pour des applications de cartographie de l'environnement. Le radar est associé à l'algorithme R SLAM, développé pour dessiner les cartes radar. La carte radar globale est ...

  9. CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF SOCIOFORMATIVA TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Silvano Hernández-Mosqueda

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present article of scientific investigation lies on the deep study of the concept “socioformative teaching” due to the absence of a conceptual. Materials and methods; it is used conceptual cartography as a method, following de eight sides of the analysis proposed, taking as a base primary sources. Results and conclusions: the clarification of the concept is presented along with its methodological. New studies are suggested about methodology and its impact on the complete formation of students.

  10. Les opportunités marketing de Twitter : dépasser le discours « SoLoMo »

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Claude Domenget

    2013-01-01

    La démarche sociotechnique suivie dans cet article permet d’évaluer les réelles opportunités marketing de Twitter. Elle part d’une analyse du discours “SoLoMo” (pour Social, Local and Mobile), intégrant les logiques sociales en jeu, analysant les incitations du dispositif ainsi que les limites rencontrées. Une cartographie est ensuite présentée distinguant les espaces propices à des actions marketing sur le Web social. Elle amène à souligner les avantages de Twitter, en tant que dispositif de...

  11. Perception of the contents of animated maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łucjan Kamila

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Intense development of computer technology has taken place in the last several decades made it possible to cartographically present variability of phenomena in a dynamic way. As a result of using animation techniques in cartography there appeared new methods of presentation of changes, referred to as direct. Considering the character of the relation between display time and real time, two basic types of animated maps have been distinguished: temporal and non-temporal. Other criteria of classifying animation are the presence and level of interactivity and the technical criteria of production.

  12. La représentation cartographique de l'île de la Réunion du XVIIe au XIXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis GUÉBOURG

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available Du XVIIe au XIXe siècle, la représentation cartographique de l’île de la Réunion a été souvent indigente avant que ne se manifestent, avec retard, les progrès techniques apportés par le calcul précis de la longitude et la triangulation. Deux siècles seront nécessaires pour passer d’une expression cartographique imaginaire puis erronée à une représentation correcte reprise par la cartographie moderne.

  13. Echo project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gfader, Verina; Carson, Rebecca; Kraus, Chris

    Echo project (ed. by Verina Gfader and Ruth Höflich) is an online publication and community board that developed from a visit to the Los Angeles Art Book fair in January 2014. It was on the occasion of a prior book project, titled Prospectus, that the editorial team had been invited by the LAABF...... Intellect and Financialization sets a conceptual ground for rethinking subjective freedom; an encounter with Another LA opens out a multitude of cartographies - revealing more discreet and politically dynamic movements in the urban grid; there are glimpses of Machine Project’s events, a visual story around...

  14. Open source based cadastral information system : ANCFCC-MOROCCO

    CERN Document Server

    Elasri, Hicham; Jamila, Aatab; Karima, Ganoun

    2012-01-01

    This present project is developing a geographic information system to support the cadastral business. This system based on open source solutions which developed within the National Agency of Land Registry, Cadastre and Cartography (ANCFCC) enabling monitoring and analysis of cadastral procedures as well as offering consumable services by other information systems: consultation and querying spatial data. The project will also assist the various user profiles in the completion of production tasks and the possibility to eliminate the deficiencies identified to ensure an optimum level of productivity

  15. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DYNAMIC SYMBOLS IN DYNAMIC GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Many Internet-GIS have been implemented on the web and they are increasingly bec oming an important part of multimedia cartography that has much more users as co mpared to traditional GIS production media.Internet GIS technology has provided the GIS dynamic information acquisition w ith technical support.Also,the visualization technology of electronic map ha s provided tools for GIS symbols with dynamic characteristics.On the basis of GI S dynamic information acquisition,the design idea and implementation methods of dynamic symbols in dynamic GIS are presented in this article.

  16. Atlases: Complex models of geospace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikonović Vesna

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Atlas is modeled contexture contents of treated thematic of space on optimal map union. Atlases are higher form of cartography. Atlases content composition of maps which are different by projection, scale, format methods, contents, usage and so. Atlases can be classified by multi criteria. Modern classification of atlases by technology of making would be on: 1. classical or traditional (printed on paper and 2. electronic (made on electronic media - computer or computer station. Electronic atlases divided in three large groups: view-only electronic atlases, 2. interactive electronic atlases and 3. analytical electronic atlases.

  17. Cozy landscapes in a time of subtleties: Resonance of dance in a body treatment clinic in mental health care

    OpenAIRE

    Ingrid Bergma da Silva Oliveira; Lucivaldo da Silva Araújo

    2013-01-01

    The quest to build cozy landscapes in times of subtleties in mental health care is based on an ethical and poetic choice to build a clinic. This study deals with research aimed at the cartography of a body treatment clinic in mental health that has used various practices in this perspective of coziness and subtleties within a Psychosocial Attendance Center (PSAC) - type II in Belém, Para state, Brazil. In the methodological path we have traveled in these practices, we would like to highlight ...

  18. Le discours sur «l'étranger» pendant la Terreur, 5 nivôse - 9 thermidor an II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie WAHNICH

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available La cartographie des occurrences discursives émises par les différents producteurs d’opinion publique pendant la Révolution française permet de saisir les formes et les déterminations du discours tenu sur l’étranger du 5 nivôse au 9 thermidor an II. On constate alors que ce discours peut obéir soit à des logiques de voisinage guerrier soit à des logiques politiques.

  19. Fonctions de Valeurs Distribuées sous Contraintes de Communication pour la Coordination Décentralisée d'Agents Décisionnels

    OpenAIRE

    Matignon, Laëtitia; Jeanpierre, Laurent; Mouaddib, Abdel-Illah

    2012-01-01

    National audience; De récents travaux relatifs aux modèles décisionnels exploitent les interactions locales et la coordination pour résoudre les processus décisionnels de Markov partiellement observables. Dans cet article, nous proposons une approche basée sur ces techniques de résolution orientée-interaction et motivée par une application réelle d'agents décisionnels décentralisés pour l'exploration et la cartographie d'un environnement inconnu. Cette approche utilise des fonctions de valeur...

  20. The size and shape of Dante's Purgatorio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnaghi-Delfino, Paola; Norando, Tullia

    2015-07-01

    Where is Mount Purgatory? How high is it? How large is the island upon which it was situated? In the previous century Rodolfo Benini and Ideale Capasso developed a series of hypothesis and calculations to find answers to these questions. Each used data derived from mathematics, astronomy, history of science and cartography, but they completely disagreed on the location and on the overall size and shape of the island. In this paper we review the main points of these two scholars, then we rework the calculations and estimates, according with a new astronomical hypothesis presented by Giulio Magli and Claudio Facciolo.

  1. La carte, ça sert d'abord à enseigner la géographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Joly

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available L'introduction d'un exercice de cartographie au baccalauréat fournit l'occasion de réfléchir aux méthodes et aux stratégies pédagogiques qu'il convient de mettre en œuvre afin de préparer efficacement les élèves. C'est surtout l'occasion de rappeler qu'il n'y a pas de géographie sans carte.

  2. Los mapas impresos durante la guerra civil española (II: cartografía del Cuartel General del Generalísimo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadal, Francesc

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the organization and work done by the Sección Cartográfica del Cuartel General del Generalísimo during the Spanish Civil War, and identifies the persons in charge of it. Among the maps compiled by the socalled cartographic section we emphasize a special series of the Topographic Map of Spain at the scale of 1:50.000, named «Mapa Nacional», which was the basis for the whole cartography of the francoist army. We describe the characteristics of the Mapa Nacional and the cartography compiled from it.

    [es] Este artículo describe la organización y actividad de la Sección Cartográfica del Cuartel General del Generalísimo durante la guerra civil española, e identifica a los responsables de la misma. Entre los mapas compilados por la sección cartográfica destaca una edición especial del Mapa topográfico de España a escala 1:50.000, denominada «Mapa Nacional», que sirvió de base al conjunto de la cartografía del ejército franquista. Estudiamos las características del citado mapa, y la cartografía derivada del mismo. [fr] Cet article décrit I'organization et les activités de la Sección Cartográfica del Cuartel General del Generalísimo pendant la guerre civile espagnole, et identifie les responsables de la même. De les cartes compilés par la section cartographique nous détachons l'édition spéciale de la Carte Topographique de l'Espagne à échelle 1:50.000, denominé «Mapa Nacional», lequel supporta l'ensemble de la cartographie de l'armée franquiste. Nous étudions les caractéristiques de cette carte et la cartographie derive de la même.

  3. Photogrammetry at the Warsaw University of Technology – Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zawieska Dorota

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems at the Warsaw University of Technology is one of six organizational units of the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography. The photogrammetry has been under interest of scientists in Faculty for over 90 years. The last decades has been characterized by the incredible development of photogrammetric technologies, mainly towards wide automation and popularization of derivative products for processing data acquired at satellite, aerial, and terrestrial levels. The paper presents achievements of scientists employed in Photogrammetric Research Group during last decades related to projects that were carried out in this department.

  4. Conditions socio-environnementales pour la réhabilitation de la biodiversité ordinaire : Rapport final adressé au Ministère de l'Ecologie

    OpenAIRE

    Kohler, Florent; Marchand, Guillaume; Thierry, Chloé; Garcia Parrilla, Tiffany; Léna, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    Ce rapport a fait l'objet du Conseil de Gestion du Développement Durable, Ministère de l'Ecologie; Le programme CLEVERT s'est déroulé entre 2010 et 2012, dans trois communes rurales de 600 à 1700 habitants. Nous avons procédé à des échantillonnages de biodiversité, réalisé une cartographie historique et IVB, une enquête anthropologique, et à l'application de questionnaires visant à mesurer les dispositions des habitants à l'égard de leur environnement. La méthodologie participative visait à l...

  5. 500th Anniversary of Gerard Mercator's Birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivka Kljajić

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mercator was a geographer, mathematician, astronomer, globe producer, constructor of scientific instruments, copper engraver, cartographer, surveryor and publisher. The conformal cylindrical projection was named the Mercator projection after him. The normal aspect Mercator projection is especially important in navigation because rhumb lines are mapped as straight lines in that projection. The transverse Mercator projection is used in official cartography of many countries. The Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM projection is in military use (NATO. In addition, Mercator was the first to use the term atlas for a map collection.

  6. Le développement de la graphique de 1967 à 1997

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    Serge Bonin

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available La Sémiologie graphique a été publiée en 1967. Il y a trente ans. Le Laboratoire de Cartographie de la 6ème section de l’École Pratique des Hautes Études existait depuis une douzaine d’années ; créé par Lucien Febvre et soutenu par Fernand Braudel, présidents de l’institution, Jacques Bertin en était le directeur. Depuis, la 6ème section de l’École Pratique des Hautes Études est devenue l’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, et le Laboratoire de Cartographie, laboratoire de service, est devenu le Laboratoire de Graphique, laboratoire de recherche. Trente sept ans d’activité au laboratoire, dont près de trente passés auprès de Jacques Bertin, m’autorisent à livrer une réflexion sur le développement de la Graphique, à faire un bilan vu de l’intérieur.

  7. Nasa's Planetary Geologic Mapping Program: Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, D. A.

    2016-06-01

    NASA's Planetary Science Division supports the geologic mapping of planetary surfaces through a distinct organizational structure and a series of research and analysis (R&A) funding programs. Cartography and geologic mapping issues for NASA's planetary science programs are overseen by the Mapping and Planetary Spatial Infrastructure Team (MAPSIT), which is an assessment group for cartography similar to the Mars Exploration Program Assessment Group (MEPAG) for Mars exploration. MAPSIT's Steering Committee includes specialists in geological mapping, who make up the Geologic Mapping Subcommittee (GEMS). I am the GEMS Chair, and with a group of 3-4 community mappers we advise the U.S. Geological Survey Planetary Geologic Mapping Coordinator (Dr. James Skinner) and develop policy and procedures to aid the planetary geologic mapping community. GEMS meets twice a year, at the Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in March, and at the Annual Planetary Mappers' Meeting in June (attendance is required by all NASA-funded geologic mappers). Funding programs under NASA's current R&A structure to propose geological mapping projects include Mars Data Analysis (Mars), Lunar Data Analysis (Moon), Discovery Data Analysis (Mercury, Vesta, Ceres), Cassini Data Analysis (Saturn moons), Solar System Workings (Venus or Jupiter moons), and the Planetary Data Archiving, Restoration, and Tools (PDART) program. Current NASA policy requires all funded geologic mapping projects to be done digitally using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software. In this presentation we will discuss details on how geologic mapping is done consistent with current NASA policy and USGS guidelines.

  8. [out of scope].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woitkowitz, Torsten

    2008-01-01

    This article sheds light onto life and work of the German land surveyor, cartographer, astronomer, and mechanic Johannes Humelius (1518-1562), paying special attention to the situation of the University of Leipzig in the middle of the 16th century. At this scientific institution, the scholar Humelius--born in the imperial town of Memmingen and highly regarded by the emperor Charles V and by Melanchthon--assumed the main chair of mathematics in 1551, succeeding Georg Joachim Rheticus as professor on this position. Humelius became an intimate friend of the Saxon elector August and laid the foundations of cartography, land surveying and engineering of measurement instruments in the electorate of Saxony. The relations of Humelius to the important professor of Greek and Latin at the Leipzig University, Joachim Camerarius, deepened after his marriage to a daughter of Camerarius' in 1558. Not only with respect to astronomical topics, Camerarius apparently was an important partner for Humelius, who precisely observed the movement of planets and hence, critically opposed Copernican theories. Since Humelius did not publish his scientific results, his fame soon faded in later times. However, two scholars continued his research and reached unforgotten importance: in the area of cartography, his student and assistant Bartholomäus Scultetus, and in the area of astronomy, his indirect student Tycho Brahe. This is an example of the scientific importance of the University of Leipzig in the mid 16th century, and demonstrates its abilitiy to drive scientific momentum.

  9. Monthly precipitation mapping of the Iberian Peninsula using spatial interpolation tools implemented in a Geographic Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninyerola, M.; Pons, X.; Roure, J. M.

    2007-07-01

    In this study, spatial interpolation techniques have been applied to develop an objective climatic cartography of precipitation in the Iberian Peninsula (583,551 km2). The resulting maps have a 200 m spatial resolution and a monthly temporal resolution. Multiple regression, combined with a residual correction method, has been used to interpolate the observed data collected from the meteorological stations. This method is attractive as it takes into account geographic information (independent variables) to interpolate the climatic data (dependent variable). Several models have been developed using different independent variables, applying several interpolation techniques and grouping the observed data into different subsets (drainage basin models) or into a single set (global model). Each map is provided with its associated accuracy, which is obtained through a simple regression between independent observed data and predicted values. This validation has shown that the most accurate results are obtained when using the global model with multiple regression mixed with the splines interpolation of the residuals. In this optimum case, the average R 2 (mean of all the months) is 0.85. The entire process has been implemented in a GIS (Geographic Information System) which has greatly facilitated the filtering, querying, mapping and distributing of the final cartography.

  10. Integration of conventional GIS-based techniques and remote sensing analysis to landslide risk assessment at basin scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agili, F.; Bartolomei, A.; Casagli, N.; Catani, F.; Ermini, L.; Farina, P.; Kukavicic, M.; Mirannalti, M.; Moretti, S.; Righini, G.

    2003-04-01

    This note concerns the preliminary results gathered in a research project aimed at landslide risk assessment in the Arno River basin (9000 km^2). The project, sponsored by the Basin Authority of the Arno River, started in the year 2002 and it will finish in the 2004. The objective of such a project consists of the updating of the landslide risk cartography related to the PAI document (Piano Assetto Idrogeologico) with reference to the Italian Law 267/1998. Different types of products will be generated: the updating of the existing inventory maps and the definition and application of a methodology for landslide hazard and risk mapping. Conventional methods, such as aerial-photo interpretation and field surveys are coupled with the use of different remote sensing methods, and all the data are integrated within a GIS environment. The analysis of remote sensing data regards both optical and radar images. In particular for the analysis of optical data, panchromatic and multispectral Landsat images are used in order to update the Corine standard land cover maps. In addition high resolution images (Ikonos and Quickbird), acquired in stereoscopic configuration, are analysed for integrating the aerial-photo intepretation. Differential SAR interferometry, implemented by using ERS and JERS data, is used in order to detect new mass movements, not yet observed and to evaluate the state of activity of known phenomena. Such data represent the base needed to produce the final landslide risk cartography.

  11. Archaeological remote sensing application pre-post war situation of Babylon archaeological site—Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahjah, Munzer; Ulivieri, Carlo; Invernizzi, Antonio; Parapetti, Roberto

    2007-06-01

    The first basic step in obtaining a correct geographical knowledge and initiative for archaeological cartography analysis is an adequately geo-localized representation of natural and semi-natural resources and human activities, present and past. In this context, the correct and contextual evaluation of the resources through the use of integrated techniques of aerial photos, remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) supply the synoptic instrument to the real knowledge of the land geography and for the operational management of any research and project. We will describe, at a synthetic level, the maturity of the land systematic study of Babylon archaeological site using different change detection analysis. Topographic maps of 1920 and 1980 were used, 18 aerial photos (1986) were mosaicked and georeferenced, vector information was digitized and inserted in a GIS system, DTM was build. Object oriented image analysis activity is being carried on and initial results are available through a WebGIS. The use of remote sensing (Quickbird and Ikonos) data allows us to capture the integral mutations due to human interventions. Earth observation data and GIS system were an optimal starting point for generating and updating the cartography. This results will be indispensable for the Iraqi authority and scientific community who care about the future of the territory.

  12. Multilevel approach to the geomorphological setting of an alluvial plain in the Alpine environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minciotti, Nancy A.; Brivio, Pietro A.; Zilioli, Eugenio

    1995-11-01

    This paper presents an integrated use of cartography and remote sensing imagery supplied by satellite and aircraft to study the geomorphological aspects of an alluvial plain for archaeological purposes. The study area is located at the confluence of the Valtellina (Adda River) and Lower Mera River valleys in northern Italy. Landsat data and aerial photographs were used to study the partial filling of the Lake Como lacustrine basin resulting from the progradation of the Adda River delta. Different soil humidity content, related to variable grain size of the alluvial deposits is an indicator of ancient river beds which were formed in this area before the nineteenth century artificial rectification of the River Adda's final stretch. Profiles coincident with geological sections gained by geophysical sounding were performed on the remote sensing imagery to verify eventual correspondence of depositional features with different analysis techniques. The integration of remote sensing multilevel data with cartography and archaeological evidences has been useful for the assessment of the paleoenvironment which conditioned human settlements.

  13. GEOGRAFIA, SEMIOLOGIA GRÁFICA E COREMÁTICA

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    Oséias da Silva Martinuci

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cartography has always played an important role in the work of geographers. In the twenty-first century it is still used extensively in the research process but only as a mere technique. The implications, possibilities and limitations that Cartography places on our thinking are often ignored. To address this problem, this article seeks to establish links between a theory that explains the working of geographic space in the current period and the principal and most relevant cartographic approaches at our disposal. In other words, it is an analysis of the possibilities of dialogue between Milton Santos’ theory of Geographic Space, the Graphic Semiology of Jacques Bertin and the Chorem theory of Roger Brunet. On the basis of these, some misunderstandings in the geographical environment about geographical-representation spatial relations are dispelled and other interpretations are proposed. Basically, the debate appears to be fundamentally theoretical and requires a new epistemological stance. Recovering Cartography’s place in theoretical Geography is one of the major tasks facing contemporary geographical science.

  14. User-Centered Design for Interactive Maps: A Case Study in Crime Analysis

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    Robert E. Roth

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we address the topic of user-centered design (UCD for cartography, GIScience, and visual analytics. Interactive maps are ubiquitous in modern society, yet they often fail to “work” as they could or should. UCD describes the process of ensuring interface success—map-based or otherwise—by gathering input and feedback from target users throughout the design and development of the interface. We contribute to the expanding literature on UCD for interactive maps in two ways. First, we synthesize core concepts on UCD from cartography and related fields, as well as offer new ideas, in order to organize existing frameworks and recommendations regarding the UCD of interactive maps. Second, we report on a case study UCD process for GeoVISTA CrimeViz, an interactive and web-based mapping application supporting visual analytics of criminal activity in space and time. The GeoVISTA CrimeViz concept and interface were improved iteratively by working through a series of user→utility→usability loops in which target users provided input and feedback on needs and designs (user, prompting revisions to the conceptualization and functional requirements of the interface (utility, and ultimately leading to new mockups and prototypes of the interface (usability for additional evaluation by target users (user… and so on. Together, the background review and case study offer guidance for applying UCD to interactive mapping projects, and demonstrate the benefit of including target users throughout design and development.

  15. Contributions of the IGU and ICA commissions in population studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nag, P

    1989-01-01

    This paper surveys the contributions of the International Geographic Union (IGU) and the International Cartographic Association (ICA) to the field of population studies over the past 3 decades. Reviewing the various focal themes of conferences sponsored by the organizations since the 1960s, the author examines the evolution of population studies in IGU and ICA. During the 1960s, IGU began holding symposia addressing the issue of population pressure on the physical and social resource in developing countries. However, it wasn't until 1972, at a meeting in Edmonton, Canada, when IGU first addressed the issue of migration. But since then, migration has remained on the the key concerns of IGU. In 1978, the union hosted a symposium on Population Redistribution in Africa -- the first in a series of conferences focusing on the issue of migration. As an outgrowth of migration, the IGU also began addressing the related issue of population education. The interest in migration has continued through the 1980s. In addition to studies of regional migration, the IGU has also focused on conceptual issues such as migrant labor, environmental concerns, women and migration, and urbanization. In 1984, IGU began cooperating with ICA in the areas of census cartography and population cartography. The author concludes his review of IGU and ICA activities by discussing the emerging trends in population studies. The author foresees a more refined study of migration and more sophisticated population mapping, the result of better study techniques and the use of computer technology.

  16. OpenStreetMap: collaborer pour faire des cartes

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    Nicolas Lambert

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Au tournant des années 2000, 20% des requêtes réalisées sur les moteurs de recherche concernaient des lieux ou des adresses. C’est ce qui a poussé de nombreuses sociétés privées à mettre en place des portails cartographiques gratuits (ou partiellement gratuits. Dans un univers très concurrentiel, Google s’est imposé facilement en mettant à la disposition des internautes, dès 2004, un service de cartographie et de vues aériennes d’une grande partie du monde, devenu «Google Maps» (sur le web et «Google Earth» (via un logiciel 3D. Révolutionnaire par sa facilité d’accès et sa simplicité d’utilisation, ce portail cartographique a bousculé d’emblée les us et coutumes de la cartographie et de la géomatique, jusque-là domaine réservé aux experts et aux professionnels.

  17. Cartographic system for spatial distribution analysis of corneal endothelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corkidi, G; Márquez, J; García-Ruiz, M; Díaz-Cintra, S; Graue, E

    1994-07-01

    A combined cartographic and morphometric endothelium analyser has been developed by integrating the HISTO 2000 histological imaging and analysis system with a prototype human corneal endothelium analyser. The complete system allows the elaboration and analysis of cartographies of corneal endothelial tissue, and hence the in vitro study of the spatial distribution of corneal endothelial cells, according to their regional morphometric characteristics (cell size and polygonality). The global cartographic reconstruction is obtained by sequential integration of the data analysed for each microscopic field. Subsequently, the location of each microscopically analysed field is referred to its real position on the histologic preparation by means of X-Y co-ordinates; both are provided by micrometric optoelectronic sensors installed on the optical microscope stage. Some cartographies of an excised human corneal keratoconus button in vitro are also presented. These cartographic images allow a macroscopic view of endothelial cells analysed microscopically. Parametric colour images show the spatial distribution of endothelial cells, according to their specific morphometric parameters, and exhibit the variability in size and cellular shape which depend on the analysed area.

  18. Corporeidade, significação e o primeiro ano de vida

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    Katia Amorim

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This text discusses the cartography, a geographical practice of attendance of processes in course which, more than a delineating plan of historical courses, it is in charge of a field of forces in the core of the strata. Proposed as wandering way by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, the cartography offers itself as trail to access that which forces to think; to that which forces to move practices, subjectivities and worlds going in the pursuit of the event and giving itself to the researcher, as attendance possibility of that which does not bend to the representation. Understanding that the cartographic method convokes a peculiar cognitive exercise of the researcher &– once being turned to the plan of a problematic field, it requests a cognition much more capable of inventing the world, that of recognizing it &–, we looked for elements for that discussion in a dialogue with Henri Bergson when he is devoted to think about the intuition as method.

  19. Les sanctuaires arvernes et vellaves hors des chefs-lieux de cités du ier s. av. J.-C. au ive s. ap. J.-C. : approche typologique et spatiale The Arverni’s and Vellavi’s sanctuaries, outside the capitals, from the ist Century BC to the ivth Century AD: a typological and a spatial approach

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    Claire Mitton

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cette étude est de présenter une synthèse sur les sanctuaires ruraux arvernes et vellaves. Dans ce but, tous les lieux de culte ont été recensés à partir des données archéologiques (prospections pédestres et aériennes, fouilles pour esquisser une synthèse qui soit la plus exhaustive possible. Les différents types de sanctuaires ont été analysés et regroupés au sein d’une typologie, qui est la première pour les peuples sur lesquels nous travaillons.Un travail de cartographie et d’analyse spatiale a également été effectué, au sein duquel le lien entre les sanctuaires et d’autres marqueurs du paysage a été étudié.The aim of this study is to present a synthesis of the Arverni’s and Vellavi’s rural sanctuaries. For that purpose, all the cult places have been recorded from archaeological data (aerial survey, field-walking, excavation to draw the most complete synthesis. The different types of sanctuaries have been analysed and grouped in a typology, the first one for the concerned territories. Cartography and spatial analysis work has also been performed, in which the link between sanctuaries and other landscape markers has been studied.

  20. Methodology for generation of hydrogeologic maps: rio da Palma watershed case study, DF, Brazil

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    Hélio Nóbile Diniz

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper had the objective of developing a methodology to support the management of water resources, based on hydro geological cartography, tested for the hydro geologic conditions of a watershed located at Central Brazil. Results show two major products: a hydro geologic, and a potential infiltration and recharge maps of the high course of the Rio da Palma watershed. This paper is presented in six parts. The first one discusses the map’s elements, essential thematic maps and appropriate scales. The second part proposes the graphic criteria for the integrated representation of the major parameters of overlaying aquifers. The third part demonstrates the importance of the data basis for the hydro geologic cartography, i.e., the contribution of each theme such as soil, geology, slope, climate and land use, when appropriately integrated. The fourth part discusses the selection and the integration of the main information layers for the Rio da Palma watershed using a Geographic Information System (GIS. On the fifth part, the result of the integration of the porous domain with the fractured domain aquifer information layers is shown and, finally, the potential infiltration and recharge map of the studied area, elaborated from the integration of overlapping of the data basis information layers is presented and discussed. In general, in the studied area, regions with high infiltration potential prevail where human interference is still moderate. Large portions of low infiltration potential are either associated with high slopes, with shallow soils (Cambissolos or else with urban constructions.