WorldWideScience

Sample records for carl still process

  1. Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne-Marie Eggert

    2007-01-01

    En analyse af Carl Schmitts argumentation og begrebsbrug ved etableringen af ven/fjende-distinktionen i Der Begriff des Politischen med henblik på at vise Schmitt som teoretisk decisionist.......En analyse af Carl Schmitts argumentation og begrebsbrug ved etableringen af ven/fjende-distinktionen i Der Begriff des Politischen med henblik på at vise Schmitt som teoretisk decisionist....

  2. Carl Rogers' Responses in the 17th Session with Miss Mun: Comments from a Process-Experiential and Psychoanalytic Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundrum, Monica; Lietaer, Germain; Van Hees-Matthijssen, Christiane

    1999-01-01

    Reproduces the transcript of one of Carl Rogers' filmed therapeutic sessions with Miss Mun, followed by an empirical and clinical-qualitative analysis. Five task oriented processes are examined in detail: the evocative impact of reflections of feeling; empathic affirmation as a marker of intense vulnerability; focusing reflections; working with…

  3. Derrida og Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diderichsen, Adam

    2005-01-01

    Derridas læsning og kritik af Carl Schmitt med særlig henblik på Derridas værk "Politiques de l'amitié".......Derridas læsning og kritik af Carl Schmitt med særlig henblik på Derridas værk "Politiques de l'amitié"....

  4. Carl eller Karl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    I den danske fornavnemode findes en række navne i flere forskellige stavemåder som ikke har indflydelse på navnenes udtale. Navnene udtales ens hvad enten de staves Carl eller Karl og Camilla eller Kamilla. Med udgangspunkt i de 50 mest populære pige- og drengenavne hvert år siden 1985 har jeg set...

  5. Carl Sagan's Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzian, Yervant; Bilson, Elizabeth

    1997-10-01

    Preface; Carl Sagan at sixty; Part I. Planetary Exploration: 1. On the occasion of Carl Sagan's sixtieth birthday Wesley T. Huntress, Jr.; 2. The search for the origins of life: U.S. Solar system exploration, 1962-1994 Edward C. Stone; 3. Highlights of the Russian planetary program Roald Sageev; 4. From the eyepiece to the footpad: The search for life on Mars Bruce Murray; Part II. Life in the Cosmos: 5. Environments of Earth and other worlds Owen B. Toon; 6. The origin of life in a cosmic context Christopher F. Chyba; 7. Impacts and life: Living in a risky planetary system David Morrison; 8. Extraterrestrial intelligence: The significance of the search Frank D. Drake; 9. Extraterrestrial intelligence: The search programs Paul Horowitz; 10. Do the laws of physics permit wormholes for interstellar travel and machines for time travel? Kip S. Thorne; Public Address: 11. The age of exploration Carl Sagan; Part III. Science Education: 12. Does science need to be popularized? Ann Druyen; 13. Science and pseudo-science James Randi; 14. Science education in a democracy Philip Morrison; 15. The visual presentation of science Jon Lomberg; 16. Science and the press Walter Anderson; 17. Science and teaching Bill G. Aldridge; Part IV. Science, Environment and Public Policy: 18. The relationship of science and power Richard L. Garwin; 19. Nuclear-free world? Georgi Arbatov; 20. Carl Sagan and nuclear winter Richard P. Turco; 21. Public understanding of global climate change James Hansen; 22. Science and religion Joan B. Campbell; 23. Speech in honor of Carl Sagan Frank Press.

  6. [Carl Gustav Jung's alchemical thinking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirkiewicz, Jakub

    2004-01-01

    Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychologist and philosopher of culture used in his concepts many constructs having their source in philosophy of alchemy. These ideas can be found not only in his books on alchemy but also in his psychological works. Among them we should enumerate: the theory of psychological process, the concepts of opposites coexisting in the psyche, the polar structure of notions in his psychological system and the idea of synchronicity. The author of this article examines these main points of Jungian program within the context of its parallelism with paracelsian alchemical philosophy of nature: the process of nature, alchemical dialectics and the universal analogy of micro- and macrocosmos. At the beginning of his work, creating his psychology Jung assumed similar ideas. Later, when he noticed this similarity, alchemy became very helpful in his research of psyche, because thanks to them he conceptualised the successive aspects of polar structure of dynamical psychical reality, which--like his alchemical predecessors--he used to explain basics of the micro- and macro-world.

  7. Carl Linnaeus: pictures and propaganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fara, Patricia

    2003-03-01

    How do scientists become famous? Carl Linnaeus was an expert at self-promotion who used portraits to gain patronage and consolidate his reputation. His sexualized classification system was hugely controversial, yet his successors celebrated him as a great hero of botany.

  8. Carl Sagan and the Exploration of Mars and Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toon, Owen B.; Condon, Estelle P. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Inspired by childhood readings of books by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Carl Sagan's first interest in planetary science focused on Mars and Venus. Typical of much of his career he was skeptical of early views about these planets. Early in this century it was thought that the Martian wave of darkening, a seasonal albedo change on the planet, was biological in origin. He suggested instead that it was due to massive dust storms, as was later shown to be the case. He was the first to recognize that Mars has huge topography gradients across its surface. During the spacecraft era, as ancient river valleys were found on the planet, he directed studies of Mars' ancient climate. He suggested that changes in the planets orbit were involved in climate shifts on Mars, just as they are on Earth. Carl had an early interest in Venus. Contradictory observations led to a controversy about the surface temperature, and Carl was one of the first to recognize that Venus has a massive greenhouse effect at work warming its surface. His work on radiative transfer led to an algorithm that was extensively used by modelers of the Earth's climate and whose derivatives still dominate the calculation of radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres today. Carl inspired a vast number of young scientists through his enthusiasm for new ideas and discoveries, his skeptical approach, and his boundless energy. I had the privilege to work in Carl's laboratory during the peak of the era of Mars' initial exploration. It was an exciting time, and place. Carl made it a wonderful experience.

  9. Vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael

    2010-01-01

    symfoni, Det uudslukkelige. Formålet med artiklen er en specifi k og analytisk underbygget diskussion af vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik, der forholder sig til, om og hvordan træk i musikken svarer til forestillinger om vitalisme. Her inddrages Helios-ouverturen (1903) og Nielsens tredje, fjerde og femte...... symfoni. Afslutningsvis diskuteres, hvordan Nielsens essaysamling Musik er Liv (1925) kan læses som et vitalitisk programskrift og hvordan Nielsens position i dansk musikliv gjorde det muligt at videreføre vitalistiske musikæstetiske positioner på trods af det legitimitetstab, den europæiske vitalisme...

  10. Carl Ludwig: the man, his time, his influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    1996-01-01

    Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) was the driving force in the foundation and development of scientifically based and experimentally oriented physiology against natural philosophy and vitalism that prevailed during the first quarter of the 19th century in Germany. He was the representative of a small group of young, highly talented and dynamic physiologists aiming at implementing the laws of physics and chemistry as the only active forces in physiologic processes. These "organic physicists" included Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896), Ernst Brücke (1819-1892), and Hermann Helmholz (1821-1894). Carl Ludwig wrote the program of this group in the form of a textbook of physiology that was considered revolutionary, provocative and premature. His academic life, his inventions and discoveries, his scientific achievements, his influence and his personality are reviewed. Since every person can be viewed only in the context of his time, the political background, the economic and social situation, the conditions for science and research as well as the cultural climate that were characteristic for the decisive years of Carl Ludwig are described to some extent. It is shown that Carl Ludwig and his contemporary organic physicists lived and grew into a science- and research-oriented period which had been prepared and paved by men like Johannes Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795-1878), Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1800-1877), Johannes Müller (1801-1858) and Gustav Theodor Fechner (1801-1887). They benefited from this enormous scientific development and contributed to it to a large and significant extent so that it ultimately turned out to be the most productive and influential period in the history of German physiology. Some of the numerous scholars who had studied with Carl Ludwig carried his approach to physiology into the 20th century: Adolf Fick (1829-1901), Otto Frank (1865-1944), Iwan Petrowitsch Pawlow (1849-1936) and Henry Pickering Browditch (1840-1911).

  11. Menachem's Seed (by Carl Djerassi)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, George B.; Kauffman, Laurie M.

    1998-09-01

    University of Georgia Press: Athens, GA, 1997. xi +196 pp. 14.2 x 24.0 cm. ISBN 0-8203-1925-2. Hardcover. 21.95. (Coming in paperback, fall 1998. Putnam: New York, 1998. ISBN 0140277943. 12.95.) Carl Djerassi is well known to readers of the Journal of Chemical Education for his pioneering research and as the recipient of numerous awards-including the 1973 U.S. National Medal of Science (for the first oral contraceptive, leading to his designation as "Father of the Pill", although Djerassi, an avowed feminist, prefers the appellation "Mother of the Pill"); the 1991 U.S. National Medal of Technology (for novel approaches to insect control); and the 1992 Priestley Medal (the American Chemical Society's highest award). But he is also founder of the Djerassi Resident Artists Colony, an avid art collector, and Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University. Most pertinent here, after a half-century of dual research careers in industry and academe, Djerassi, like chemist-spectroscopist-novelist C. P. Snow, has embarked on a third career in creative writing, which we have followed in this Journal and others with a mixture of growing interest, admiration, and anticipation (1-5).

  12. Carl Schmitt, lecteur de Bakounine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Angaut

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Mentionné à plusieurs reprises bien qu’aucun de ses écrits ne soit cité, Bakounine occupe une place particulière dans quelques-uns des principaux textes de Carl Schmitt (Théologie politique, La dictature, Le concept de politique. Les thèmes que Schmitt choisit de repérer chez Bakounine (satanisme, naturalisme, nature religieuse de l’autorité, refus de la médiation, s’ils sont l’indice d’une connaissance précise de l’œuvre du révolutionnaire russe, permettent également de l’inscrire dans une opposition terme à terme avec les théoriciens de la contre-révolution. La lecture attentive que Schmitt semble avoir faite des textes de Bakounine ne doit donc pas masquer que dans l’œuvre du théoricien allemand, Bakounine est avant tout une figure : celle de l’anarchiste russe, ennemi par excellence qui prétend en finir avec le politique. Apparemment adventice, la convocation de cette figure partiellement mythique touche dès lors à un thème central chez Schmitt, celui de la conception de la politique.

  13. Neuroscience of water molecules: a salute to professor Linus Carl Pauling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakada, Tsutomu

    2009-04-01

    More than 35 years ago double Nobel laureate Linus Carl Pauling published a powerful model of the molecular mechanism of general anesthesia, generally referred to as the hydrate-microcrystal (aqueous-phase) theory. This hypothesis, based on the molecular behavior of water molecules, did not receive serious attention during Pauling's life time, when scientific tools for examining complex systems such as the brain were still in their infancy. The situation has since drastically changed, and, now, in the twenty first century, many scientific tools are available for examining different types of complex systems. The discovery of aquaporin-4, a subtype of water channel abundantly expressed in glial systems, further highlighted the concept that the dynamics of water molecules in the cerebral cortex play an important role in important physiological brain functions including consciousness and information processing.

  14. Why infrastructure still matters: unravelling water reform processes in an uneven waterscape in rural Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeltsje Sanne Kemerink

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1980s, a major change took place in public policies for water resources management. Whereas before governments primarily invested in the development, operation and maintenance of water infrastructure and were mainly concerned with the distribution of water, in the new approach they mainly focus on managing water resources systems by stipulating general frameworks for water allocation. This paper studies the rationales used to justify the water reform process in Kenya and discusses how and to what extent these rationales apply to different groups of water users within Likii catchment in the central part of the country. Adopting a critical institutionalist's perspective, this paper shows how the water resource configurations in the catchment are constituted by the interplay between a normative policy model introduced in a plural institutional context and the disparate infrastructural options available to water users as result of historically produced uneven social relations. We argue that, to progressively redress the colonial legacy, direct investments in infrastructure for marginalized water users and targeting the actual (redistribution of water to the users might be more effective than focusing exclusively on institutional reforms.

  15. Gnostic inner illumination and Carl Jung's individuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennachio, J

    1992-09-01

    The ancient religious system of Gnosticism argued for the transcendence of the physical world and the divinity of self-knowledge. More recently, a similar argument was made by Carl Jung through his concept of individuation. This paper examines some of the similarities between Gnostic inner illumination and Jung's concept of individuation.

  16. Carl Rogers: Reflections on His Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heppner, P. Paul; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Interviewed Carl Rogers, a prominent psychologist, about aspects of his personal life, professional contributions, significant others, and psychology in general. Includes excerpts from several letters from individuals who have known Rogers and who were asked to comment on their experiences with him. (LLL)

  17. Denigrating Carl Rogers: William Coulson's Last Crusade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1991-01-01

    Reviews William Coulson's assertions that Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, and he initiated the humanistic education field, that Rogers repudiated his philosophy late in life, and that they owe the nation's parents an apology. Argues that these charges are groundless and provides examples and quotations from Rogers' later writings to show how Rogers…

  18. What Are They Doing to Carl Rogers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mader, Diane C.

    1980-01-01

    Notes that recent composition textbooks have classified Carl Rogers' work as a new rhetoric or as an alternative to classical argument. Demonstrates that to portray Rogers' method as a form of argument is to misunderstand his intent and that, while Rogers and Aristotle are similar superficially, their differences are profound. (FL)

  19. Carl Rogers' Alternative to Traditional Rhetoric.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hairston, Maxine C.

    Carl Rogers' approach to communication has implications for the rhetorician and the teacher of college composition. The qualities of respect, restraint, neutrality, and understanding, when applied to written and oral discourse, can provide an effective alternative to polemical argumentation. The detatchment and empathy of the Rogerian style is…

  20. Carl Rogers and Me: Revisiting Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li-Te

    2003-01-01

    Discusses connections between Carl Rogers and literacy by introducing Rogers' major contributions and by discussing the implementation of his ideas in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom in Taiwan. Explains Rogers' ideas about teachers as facilitators; learner-centered learning; and building freedom. Concludes that person-centered…

  1. Carles Salvador, l'autoritat gramatical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicent Pitarch

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Carles Salvador had strong nationalistic convictions and was very active in promoting the Catalan language in several areas, specifically in developing treatises on spelling, grammar and lexicography. His work would help consolidate the standardization of Catalan in the Valencian Country and would make him an unquestionable authority on Catalan grammar.

  2. The question of space in Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Rowan, R.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we present an analysis of the German legal and political theorist Carl Schmitt as a spatial thinker whose work contains many elements relevant to the concerns of political geography. In examining his fundamental concern with how to ground modern political order without theological foun

  3. Multistage still

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franco, J.; Saravia, L.R.; Esteban, S.

    1999-07-01

    A new design for a passive atmospheric multiple effect solar distillation unit is proposed. Inclined glass surfaces with a 4{degree} slope and placed one over the other in an isolated box are used. The cold salty water is fed only in the upper stage and flows along each surface, falling from one stage to the next by gravity and reaching finally a heated tray at the bottom. Vapor condenses below each surface and produces the water evaporation in the upper side of the same surface. For heating the bottom of the still a simple 1.3 m{sup 2} solar collector with a fresnel type concentrator is used. The collector is separated from the still and heat is transported from one unit to the other using a 4 kg aluminium slab, which is placed in the absorber and it is heated at a temperature about 350 C. The slab is then placed below the tray in an isolated box. Four slabs are used and they are changed periodically when the slab temperature drops below approximately 180 C. Several slabs can be used for heat storage if several collectors are built, allowing the use of the still during some hours at night, improving its daily productivity. Experiments have been performed with a prototype and the results are discussed and compared with the values obtained with another electrically heated prototype.

  4. The anthropology of Carl Jung: Implications for pastoral care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt-Meeks, S

    1983-09-01

    This article examines the basic tenets of Carl Jung's anthropology, including intrapsychic structure, relationships, society, and the process of individuation. It then turns to his ideas about God and religion. Jung builds his understanding of God from his work in psychology, and because of that method, there are several major problems with his theologizing. Nevertheless, his insights are extremely valuable to the field of pastoral care, and ministers would do very well to appreciate his contribution, though always with a critical eye to its limitation.

  5. [Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung's habilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, H R

    1996-01-01

    Eugen Bleuler's letter of recommendation for Carl Gustav Jung's appointment as a lecturer In January 1905, Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) wrote a letter of recommendation to the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich, urging them to accept the application of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) as a lecturer there. Bleuler's letter mentions the contribution to Jung's writing made by Franz Riklin (1878-1938), although he does not define it precisely. It is safe to say that, judging from the way in which Bleuler expresses his opinions in this letter, this may be regarded at the very least as an early sign of his receptiveness to the psychoanalytical ideas of the time.

  6. Alternative Neo-Rimannian Approaches to Carl Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Svend Hvidtfelt

    2012-01-01

    of these above mentioned many writers, plus others, may be integrated into the two Danish theories. In discussing analytical theories the text is especially conversant with two recent books on Nielsen, Anne-Marie Reynolds’ The Voice of Carl Nielsen (2010) and Daniel Grimley’s Carl Nielsen and the Idea...

  7. Kummardus Carl Linnéle / Andres Toode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toode, Andres

    2010-01-01

    Suur botaanik ja loodusteadlane Carl Linné soovitas oma sõjalise funktsiooni kaotanud kindlustesse või nende varemetesse ürdiaedu rajada. Narva linnus jätkab seda traditsiooni: linnuse Läänehoovi rajati Carl Linné aed. Konkursist võtsid osa ka Eesti Maaülikooli üliõpilased

  8. "Decknamen or pseudochemical language"? Eirenaeus Philalethes and Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, W R

    1996-01-01

    It is impossible to investigate the historiography of alchemy without encountering the ideas of the "father of analytical psychology", Carl Jung. Jung argued that alchemy, viewed as a diachronic, trans-cultural entity, was concerned more with psychological states occurring in the mind of the practitioner than with real chemical processes. In the course of elucidating this idea, Jung draws on a number of alchemical authors from the early modern period. One of these is Eirenaeus Philalethes, the pen name of George Starkey (1628-1665), a native of Bermuda who was educated at Harvard College, and who later immigrated to London. A careful analysis of Starkey's work shows, however, that Jung was entirely wrong in his assessment of this important representative of seventeenth-century alchemy. This finding casts serious doubt on the Jungian interpretation of alchemy as a whole.

  9. The nebular research of Carl Wirtz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Seitter, W. C.

    We briefly review the nebular research in the 19th and early 20th century, and the role played by the newly founded Strasbourg Observatory in this field. The life of Carl Wirtz (1874-1939) is outlined. His studies in Bonn, his work in Vienna and Hamburg, his astronomical activity in Strasbourg from 1903-1916, at the war headquarters in Berlin in the following two years, and from 1919 up to his forced retirement in 1937 at Kiel University are described, both in general terms and specifically in terms of extragalactic research. His achievements were rarely recognized by his contemporaries, both because of his somewhat unusual way of presentation, and because of his "inner emigration" in the last years of his life.

  10. O decisionismo jurídico de Carl Schmitt The juridical decisionism of Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Porto Macedo Júnior

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O nome de Carl Schmitt está condenado a associar-se à rubrica "decisionismo" jurídico, teoria segundo a qual o fundamento último do direito é uma decisão política do soberano. Este artigo se propõe mostrar como o decisionismo jurídico de Carl Schmitt dos anos 20 modifica-se, sem se tornar contraditório, com a asssimilação nos anos 30 do "institucionalismo jurídico" de autores como Maurice Hauriou e Santi Romano. A partir dos anos 30 Schmitt explicita o sentido próprio do decisionismo fundado no "pensamento da ordem concreta", ou seja, o decisionismo institucionalista.Carl Schmitt's name is irrevocably linked to the label of decisionism, the theory according to which the ultimate foundation of right is the sovereign's political decision. This paper aims to show how the juridical decisionism of Schmitt has changed without becoming contraditory as it assimilated in the thirties the '"juridical institutionalism" of authors like Hauriou and Santi Romano. Following those years Schmitt worked out the meaning of a decisionism based on the "concrete order thought", namely, the institutionalist decisionism.

  11. Encountering Carl Rogers: His Views on Facilitating Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landreth, Garry L.

    1984-01-01

    Presents Carl Rogers' views on facilitating groups, as expressed in a telephone dialogue seminar with graduate students in counselor education at North Texas State University. Discusses extended group marathons, cocounseling, nonverbal group exercises and the future of group work. (JAC)

  12. The Face We Put On: Carl Jung for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Robert P.

    1994-01-01

    Examines Carl Jung's concept of the "persona" (his term for the masks people wear). Notes how teachers use personae and suggests ways to restore the energy that teachers lose when hiding inside their personae. (SR)

  13. Carl Borchardt en die Suid-Afrikaanse kerkgeskiedenis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. Hofmeyr

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Carl Borchardt and South African church historyCarl Borchardt was in the first instance a general church historian who specialised in the field of the Early Church. However, born as a South African, he did not only do some research in the field of South African church history but he even partook in some crucial events in modem South African church history. This article attempts to describe and explain his interest and involvement in South African church history.

  14. Carl Schmitt and Giorgio Agamben: From Biopolitics to Political Romanticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Luisetti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Giorgio Agamben’s politics of life intertwines two diverging traditions of philosophical thought: Michel Foucault’s biopolitics and Carl Schmitt’s political philosophy. With the help of Carl Schmitt’s concept of “political romanticism,” I interpret Agamben’s strategy as an attempt to introduce a bio-aesthetics of political vitality. Moreover, I situate Agamben’s politics of life in opposition to Schmitt’s biopolitics.

  15. Carl Størmer Auroral Pioneer

    CERN Document Server

    Egeland, Alv

    2013-01-01

    This biography summarizes the seminal contributions to auroral and space science of Carl Størmer (1874 - 1957). He was the first to develop precise photographic methods to calculate heights and morphologies of diverse auroral forms during four solar cycles. Størmer independently devised numerical techniques to determine the trajectories of high-energy charged particles allowed and forbidden in the Earth’s magnetic field. His theoretical analyses explained cosmic ray access to the upper atmosphere, 20 years before they were identified by other scientists. Størmer’s crowning achievement, “The Polar Aurora,” published when he was 81 years old, stands to this day as a regularly cited guide in graduate-level courses on space physics.   The authors present the life of this prodigious scientist in relation to the cultural life of early 20th century in Norway and to the development of the space sciences in the post-Sputnik era.

  16. The contributions of Carl Ludwig to cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    1999-03-01

    The basic instruments for measuring functional cardiovascular parameters and the most important discoveries made by Carl Ludwig and his disciples in cardiovascular physiology are described and put into perspective in regard to the further development of his methods and ideas. The most important apparatus was the kymograph, which, for the first time, made recording and documenting of functional parameters possible. This instrument was also used for the functional evaluation of the isolated perfused frog heart that was developed by Elias Cyon in Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute. In the isolated frog heart, important phenomena were discovered such as the staircase ('Treppe'), the absolute refractory period and the all-or-none law of the heart. The isolated dog heart was used to determine the origin of the first heart sound, which was characterized as a muscle tone. To measure regional blood flow and eventually cardiac output, a flowmeter ('Stromuhr') was designed. Precise measurements of cardiac output became possible only when Adolf Fick had developed his principle, which served as the basis for the modern indicator methods. Cyon and Ludwig also discoverd the depressor nerve, which constitutes the basis of the baroreceptor reflex. Finally, the precise localization of the vasomotor centre in the ventrolateral medulla was achieved in Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute. This was confirmed more than 100 years later with modern neuroanatomical methods making use of retrograde axonal transport. Thus, Ludwig and his scholars made major substantial contributions to cardiovascular knowledge that can be considered to constitute the basis of modern cardiology.

  17. Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum Cyclic Amine Resistance Locus (PfCARL Confer Multidrug Resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory LaMonte

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum cyclic amine resistance locus (PfCARL are associated with parasite resistance to the imidazolopiperazines, a potent class of novel antimalarial compounds that display both prophylactic and transmission-blocking activity, in addition to activity against blood-stage parasites. Here, we show that pfcarl encodes a protein, with a predicted molecular weight of 153 kDa, that localizes to the cis-Golgi apparatus of the parasite in both asexual and sexual blood stages. Utilizing clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR-mediated gene introduction of 5 variants (L830V, S1076N/I, V1103L, and I1139K, we demonstrate that mutations in pfcarl are sufficient to generate resistance against the imidazolopiperazines in both asexual and sexual blood-stage parasites. We further determined that the mutant PfCARL protein confers resistance to several structurally unrelated compounds. These data suggest that PfCARL modulates the levels of small-molecule inhibitors that affect Golgi-related processes, such as protein sorting or membrane trafficking, and is therefore an important mechanism of resistance in malaria parasites.

  18. The Uniqueness of Similarities: Parallels of Milton H. Erickson and Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnison, Hugh

    1985-01-01

    Describes the influence of the philosophy and values of Carl Rogers and Milton Erickson on the counseling profession. Reviews the person-centered approach, direction, therapeutic climate, and the influence of early experiences. Includes a reaction by Carl Rogers. (JAC)

  19. Carl Schmitt: de Plettenberg a Uberlândia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerónimo Molina Cano

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Las ediciones y traducciones de los textos de Carl Schmitt, así como la bibliografía secundaria, incluso la terciaria (bibliografía sobre la bibliografía han aumentado exponencialmente desde su muerte. Son también frecuentes los coloquios nacionales e internacionales sobre la obra del jurista alemán. En octubre de 2012 se celebró en la Universidad Federal de Uberlândia una importante reunión científica internacional dedicada al pensamiento político, jurídico y filosófico de Carl Schmitt.

  20. Carl Schmitt: de Plettenberg a Uberlândia

    OpenAIRE

    Jerónimo Molina Cano

    2013-01-01

    Las ediciones y traducciones de los textos de Carl Schmitt, así como la bibliografía secundaria, incluso la terciaria (bibliografía sobre la bibliografía) han aumentado exponencialmente desde su muerte. Son también frecuentes los coloquios nacionales e internacionales sobre la obra del jurista alemán. En octubre de 2012 se celebró en la Universidad Federal de Uberlândia una importante reunión científica internacional dedicada al pensamiento político, jurídico y filosófico de Carl Schmitt....

  1. Adult Still's disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Still's disease - adult; AOSD ... than 1 out of 100,000 people develop adult-onset Still's disease each year. It affects women more often than men. The cause of adult Still's disease is unknown. No risk factors for ...

  2. Carl Milles jättis Rootsile skulptuuriaia / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Rootsi skulptorist Carl Millesest (1875-1955), tema abikaasast Olga Millesest (sünd. Granner, 1874-1967), Millesgardenist Lidingö saarel, kus saab vaadata Carl Millese loomingut koopiate või originaalidena, ateljees kavandeid, antiik- ja kaasaegse kunsti kogu, õe Ruth Millese töid, Olga Millese maale ja joonistusi. Carl ja Olga Millese maja ja ateljee ehitati 1908. a. arhitekt Carl M. Bengtsoni projekti järgi

  3. Fællessange er ikke solosange. Carl Nielsens sange - på engelsk!?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse.......Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse....

  4. Carl Sagan: Cosmic Evolution vs. the Creationist Myth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnack, William J.

    1981-01-01

    Considers the dichotomy between the cosmic perspective and the creationist view. Presents an overview of various current explanations of the origin and nature of the universe, including scientific explanations, fundamentalist beliefs, and creation myths from other cultures. The article is based on comments made by Carl Sagan at the American…

  5. Carl R. Rogers (1902-1987): Friend, Gentleman, and Scholar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hesteren, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Writes in memory of Carl R. Rogers. Conveys a sense of the spirit of Rogers' thinking and the kind of person he was, both in his own eyes and in the experience of those who knew him personally. Concludes with a discussion of how Rogers'"way of being" has influenced the writer's own personal and professional development. (Author/KS)

  6. Carl Rogers during Initial Interviews: A Moderate and Consistent Therapist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, H. P.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Analyzed two initial interviews by Carl Rogers in their entirety using the Carkhuff scales, Hill's category system, and a brief grammatical analysis to establish the level and consistency with which Rogers provides facilitative conditions. Results indicated his behavior as counselor was stable and consistent within and across interviews. (Author)

  7. Re-Discovering Mendel: The Case of Carl Correns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    Carl Erich Correns (1864-1933) is remembered in the annals of science as one of the three botanists who re-discovered Mendel's laws. He can also, however, be regarded as one of the founding figures of classical genetics in Germany. Between 1894 and 1899 he carried out the crossing experiments with corn and peas that led to the re-statement of…

  8. Carl Upchurch: Journey from Prisoner Citizen to Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronick, Robert; Thomas, Denis

    2009-01-01

    Carl Upchurch was born and raised in Philadelphia in the 1950's. His mother, uncle and grandmother socialized him during his early childhood. His grandmother was his primary caregiver and a prostitute, his father drifted in and out of his life, and his uncle died in a gunfight. All this shaped Upchurch as a person and led to his development of the…

  9. Carl Schmitt and the concept of the border

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Vaughan-Williams, N.

    2012-01-01

    The paper investigates the promise of Carl Schmitt's concept of ‘nomos’ for developing new spatial imaginaries apposite to the study of ‘the border’ in contemporary political life, as per the aims of the ‘Lines in the Sand’ research agenda. Schmitt introduced the idea of a ‘nomos of the earth’ to re

  10. Synthesizing a Life: An Interview with Carl Djerassi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardellini, Liberato

    2011-01-01

    In this interview, Carl Djerassi recalls his first years, from his pleasant childhood, to how he escaped the Nazi persecutions, to his college education in America. He remembers how with his research group he won the race for synthesis of cortisone, and how they then synthesized norethindrone, the active ingredient in oral contraceptives. Djerassi…

  11. Keiserlik kullassepp Carl Fabergé : maailmast / Mirjam Peil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peil, Mirjam, 1939-

    1998-01-01

    Peterburi meistri Carl Fabergé (1846-1920) tänapäeva rikkamatest kogudest USAs ja Venemaal. Huvi kasvust Fabergé loomingu vastu. Keiserliku kullassepa 1990. aastatel maailmas ringelnud suurnäitusest (koostajaiks Ermitaazh ja Washingtoni Fabergé Art Foundation). Lisaks Ermitaazhis püsiväljapanek Tsarskoe Selo ja Peterhofi kogudest

  12. Meie aja tähtsaim eestlane / Carl Bildt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bildt, Carl, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht, SL Õhtuleht 27. märts lk. 3,5. Endise Rootsi Kuningriigi peaministri Carl Bildti mälestuskõne president Lennart Meri riiklikul hüvastijätutseremoonial 26. märtsil 2006 Kadriorus

  13. Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega / Linda Kongo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kongo, Linda, 1929-

    2007-01-01

    Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega on loonud tema õpilased ja õpilaste õpilased, kes siirdusid kuulama tema loenguid Uppsala Ülikoolis. Mitmed Baltimaadelt pärit loodusteadlased täiendasid end Linné õpilase Johann Andreas Murray juures. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogus on hoiul üks Linné kiri

  14. Charles Darwin and other great men in correspondence with Carl Wilhelm von Naegeli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naegeli, W; Wiedemann, H R

    1993-04-15

    The great Swiss-German botanist Carl Wilhelm von Naegeli (1817-1891) was a student of Lorenz Oken, A.P. de Candolle, and Matthias Jacob Schleiden and became a key figure in "genetic" (i.e., evolutionary-developmental) biology in the mid-late 19th century. He was an expert on the hawk-weed, Hieracium and also made important contributions to microbiology. One of his many outstanding students was Carl Correns, one of the 3 rediscoverers of Mendel's work. Naegeli was an early proponent and defender of Darwin. The correspondence preserved in the Naegeli family contains many important letters between Naegeli and his contemporaries. Those from Mendel to Naegeli have passed out of the Naegeli family and were published by Correns earlier in the century. However, exceptionally notable items still in the archives of the Naegeli family include 4 surviving letters from Darwin, 2 letters from Virchow, and 10 from Justus von Liebig. In spite of a lack of appreciation of Mendel's work, we call attention to the importance of those surviving documents from an era in which very few of the greatest naturalists and founders of modern biology--including Goethe, Darwin, Galton, Agassiz, von Humboldt, von Baer--were without "blind spots."

  15. La Renaissance de Carl Schmitt = The Renaissance of Carl Schmitt : about Ellen Kennedy book: «Constitutional failure : Carl Schmitt in Weimar»

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    En Carl Schmitt en la República de Weimar. La quiebra de una Constitución la profesora Ellen Kennedy ha elaborado una grandiosa y sugerente contextualización del pensamiento y la obra de Schmitt. A la luz de nuevos materiales ha desvelado algunas de las más importantes claves del pensamiento del autor alemán, y ha puesto al descubierto las razones que explican la Schmitt’s Renaissance en el universo cultural anglosajón. La autora sitúa los textos constitucionales en el contexto de la Repúblic...

  16. Habitat Evaluation Procedures Report; Carl Property - Yakama Nation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashley, Paul; Muse, Anthony

    2008-02-01

    A baseline habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) analysis was conducted on the Carl property (160 acres) in June 2007 to determine the number of habitat units to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing funds to acquire the property as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of McNary Dam. HEP surveys also helped assess the general ecological condition of the property. The Carl property appeared damaged from livestock grazing and exhibited a high percentage of invasive forbs. Exotic grasses, while present, did not comprise a large percentage of the available cover in most areas. Cover types were primarily grassland/shrubsteppe with a limited emergent vegetation component. Baseline HEP surveys generated 356.11 HUs or 2.2 HUs per acre. Habitat units were associated with the following HEP models: California quail (47.69 HUs), western meadowlark (114.78 HUs), mallard (131.93 HUs), Canada goose (60.34 HUs), and mink (1.38 HUs).

  17. Manlighet, mod och moral: Amanda Kerfstedts Carl Bergs skoltid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersson, Maria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Amanda Kerfstedt’s ”Carl Bergs skoltid” describes a boy’s journey to manhood in late 19th century Sweden. This article pertains that the text contrasts an ideal of masculinity based on physical strength with an ideal emphasizing morality. Although a true man, as described in the story, is expected to be strong as well as righteous, the moral component is the most important. The text shows that courage and force, which are not checked by a sense of ethics, may turn into brutality and abuse of power. Different types of masculinity are compared in ”Carl Bergs skoltid” but masculinity is also defined in relation to ideas about femininity. The association with women is utilized to stress a lack of courage in men as well as to redefine a masculine ideal that has focused too much on physical prowess instead of strength of character.

  18. Il nemico ritrovato. Carl Schmitt e gli Stati Uniti

    OpenAIRE

    Mossa, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    La tesi affronta il tema del rapporto tra Carl Schmitt e gli Stati Uniti. Il primo capitolo, dedicato all'America vista da Schmitt, ripercorre i riferimenti presenti nell'opera dell'autore – dall'interpretazione della tradizione politico-giuridica americana in opposizione a quella continentale, al ruolo determinante che ha il Nuovo Mondo nello sviluppo e nella decadenza dell'ordinamento internazionale moderno, fino alle suggestioni teologico-politiche legate alla figura del katéchon – giungen...

  19. A Daunting Task Still

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ZHIPING

    2010-01-01

    @@ Despite steady economic growth for three decades, China is still a developing country facing daunting poverty alleviation tasks. According to the poverty line of 1,196 yuan ($176) per capita net income in a year set in March 2009, the country still has a poverty population of more than 40 million, mainly living in rural areas.

  20. What has psychotherapy inherited from Carl Rogers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfried, Marvin R

    2007-09-01

    Rogers' classic article (see record 2007-14639-002) on the necessary and sufficient conditions for therapeutic change--now 50 years old--has made an indelible impact on the field. In his brief article, Rogers broke with the past, making a compelling case for the importance of subjecting our hypotheses about how therapy works to empirical test. Moreover, his emphasis on the importance of the therapy relationship is now routinely accepted as necessary, even if not sufficient for change to occur. Having moved beyond Rogers' necessary and sufficient conditions, the field of therapy now recognizes that as important as the therapy relationship might be, there are certain clinical problems that require the use of specific techniques to bring about change. Still, it is currently recognized that therapist acceptance is essential, that nondirective methods can be effective in improving client motivation, and perhaps most important, that the therapist needs to work toward the development of evidence-based interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. [Carl Ludwig and his place in the history of kidney physiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    From, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    Only very little was known about the physiology of the kidneys until the middle of the 19th century. The turning point came in 1842 when the famous German physiologist and physician Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) presented a theory about a two-step process (filtration and reabsorption) leading to the excretion of urine. This paper turns the highlights on Ludwig and the period in which he lived. It also tells the story about the anatomical studies in the 17th century and the chemical approaches to urine and kidney physiology in the 18th century preceding the research of Carl Ludwig. The theory of filtration and reabsorption was opposed by another theory (the secretion theory) regarding the kidney as a gland, like for instance the salivary glands. The origin of this theory can be dated back to Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) in the Renaissance, but it was carried further on by William Bowman (1816-1892) and especially Rudolph Heidenhain (1834-1897) in the 19th century. The research in the 1920's and 1930's marked the end of the fight between the two theories. It proofed that Ludwig was right and it gave him posthumously the recognition that he all the time had deserved.

  2. BOOK REVIEW: Carl Sagan: A Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakeways, Robin

    2000-01-01

    This is a quite remarkable book. If you want a quick and sketchy evening's read about your favourite popular scientist then this is not for you! On the other hand, if you want a detailed, fascinating and exhaustively researched story about a very special person, then read it. The author has produced a painstaking picture of Sagan. The main text consists of 430 pages of stories, anecdotes, quotations etc, which lead us through the complex life of a very complex man. This is backed up with a further 70 pages of detailed references followed by a 19 page bibliography. We learn about Sagan from his early days, when he was a somewhat precocious schoolboy, right up to his final days when he was in poor health yet still turning out books at a great rate. Like many people, I knew of him but not very much about him before I read this book. He was a man of giant energy who attempted to combine the life of a working research scientist with that of a great popularizer as well as extending his tentacles into various aspects of (scientific) government policy. Even in his early days his one aim in life seemed to be that of furthering his own career by getting to know as many well-known scientists as possible. He had fingers in many pies - academic, something mysterious and military related, book writing, popular science on TV etc, etc. He was particularly concerned with the space programme, especially the planetary probes and the Voyager vehicles which took messages from Earth to outer space. We get the impression from the book that he was especially obsessed with extraterrestrial life and was desperate to confirm its existence. He was instrumental in keeping the SETI programme going even though it eventually had to go private. We learn that he was not a good family man and work usually took precedence over domestic issues. As a result his private life seems to have been as complicated as his professional life. He was a man whose mind went in several directions at once and he was

  3. CARL ROGERS REFLEXIONES TEÓRICO-PRÁCTICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Duque Camargo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo la autora reflexiona acerca de su experiencia como terapeuta centrada en la persona, la cual denomina como un «caminar de la mano» con seres humanos que se encuentran confusos. Antes de señalar los principales aspectos de su abordaje para interactuar con sus consultantes, realiza una síntesis del proceso de desarrollo de la psicoterapia de Carl Rogers y reflexiona acerca del enfoque rogeriano, en el cual predomina la relación significativa entre el terapeuta y el paciente como elemento central de cambio.

  4. Carl Nielsen and the Idea of English National Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael; Boeg, Jens

    2012-01-01

    between Vaughan Williams’ image of English national music and perceived characteristics of Nielsen’s style made it easier for English listeners and critics to appreciate Nielsen’s music than for those on the European Continent, and this might help explain the rather favourable reception of Nielsen......Why did Carl Nielsen achieve such a favourable reception in England from the 1950s on, compared to the rather reluctant recognition in continental Europe? We would suggest that one reason could be an affi nity of features in his music with the concept of English national music. The affi nity...

  5. The professionalization of Carl G. Jung's analytical psychology clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, A

    1994-04-01

    This paper addresses (1) the history of a cluster of unusual institutions-analytical psychology clubs--which started in 1916 and by 1934 had become established in many of the countries in the world in which there was interest in the analytical psychology of Carl G. Jung; (2) the conflicts involved in trying to unite the relatively informal earlier "Jung Clubs" with the more formal societies being established by the increasing numbers of professionally trained analysts; and (3) the wider cultural and social issues included in the professionalization of analytical psychology.

  6. Carl Hansen& Son与经典同行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    它是丹麦历史最悠久的家具制造商之一,它与世界顶级大师Hans J.Wegner合作生产的椅子被誉为经典,手工艺与现代技术的结合,以及始终坚持的设计理念使它畅销全球,它就是一直与经典同行的Carl Hansen & Son,

  7. Conversations: with Carl Pilcher [interview by Johan Benson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilcher, C.

    1998-01-01

    An interview with Carl Pilcher, science program director for solar system exploration at NASA, examines NASA's past, present, and planned missions to explore the solar system. Specific questions relate to the status of current and planned missions, science results of the Pathfinder mission to Mars, cooperation with the Japanese space agency, the status of the search for extraterrestrial life in solar system meteoroids and asteroids, mission size for more in-depth exploration, reports of water on the moon, and the exploration of near-Earth objects.

  8. Encaustic Still Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathes, Len

    2002-01-01

    Presents an art lesson used in an advanced high school art class where students used the encaustic painting technique by melting wax and combining various pigments. Explains that the students painted a still-life of flowers in the style of Vincent van Gogh. (CMK)

  9. Is Information Still Relevant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lia

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The term "information" in information science does not share the characteristics of those of a nomenclature: it does not bear a generally accepted definition and it does not serve as the bases and assumptions for research studies. As the data deluge has arrived, is the concept of information still relevant for information…

  10. Tutorial Facilitation in the Humanities Based on the Tenets of Carl Rogers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heim, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces a model for group facilitation in the humanities based on Carl Rogers' model for group psychotherapy. Certain aspects of Carl Rogers' reflective learning strategies are reappraised and principles, specific only to psychotherapy, are introduced. Five of Rogers' axioms are applied to the tutorial discussion model: a…

  11. Antimodernistlik tegutseja modernismis : sissejuhatus Carl Schmitti riigifilosoofilisse õpetusse / Heimes. Claus ; tõlk. Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heimes. Claus

    2004-01-01

    Saksa poliitilise teoreetiku, riigiõigusasjatundja ja kristliku filosoofi Carl Schmitti (1888-1985) seisukohtadest poliitilises teoloogias ja antropoloogias, uusajatõlgendusest ning positivistliku kaasaja kriitikast. Tõlke allikas: Antimoderner Akteur der Moderne : eine Einführung in die staatsphilosophische Lehre Carl Schmitts

  12. De stille elever

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther-Lindqvist, Ditte Alexandra

    2012-01-01

    Det er blevet en afgørende samværskompetence i uddannelsessystemet at stå aktivt frem og deltage verbalt i skoleklassens liv både fagligt og socialt. Men ikke alle elever deltager lige villigt verbalt i plenum. Artiklen handler om de stille elever og konsekvenserne af stillehed i skolen. Det...... foreslås at skolesystemet sanktionerer ældre elever hårdere for stillehed end yngre elever og det forklares med at skolelivet også er en kultivering henimod elevhed som social identitet og denne er der forventning om at eleverne mestrer i udskolingen....

  13. [Sigmund Freud, Rudolf Meringer and Carl Mayer: slips of the tongue and mis-readings. The history of a controversy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinterhuber, Hartmann

    2007-01-01

    In both his The Psychopathology of Everyday Life and his Lectures Sigmund Freud derived the terms unconscious, preconscious and conscious, particularly from slips in speech, slips in reading and forgetfulness. In these slips, Freud recognised parallels to dreams. In the work mentioned, he analysed these in depth as part of mental motivation. In the papers referred to, Sigmund Freud paid tribute to Rudolf Meringer and Carl Mayer's study which was published in 1895. Meringer and Mayer showed as phenomena reversals and rearrangement of whole words, syllables or sounds, along with pre-tones or anticipations and echoes, word contaminations and word substitutions as responsible for slips of the tongue. The present work demonstrates how passionately these three scientists have contributed to the controversy of their standpoints. For modern psycholinguistics and the psychology of language, speech errors are always an expression of a momentary malfunction of the human speech production system: for the cognitive process of speech production slips of the tongue offer an insight into speech processing. Pre-tones and echoes, serialization errors, as Meringer and Mayer recognised, represent the vast majority of slips of the tongue. They do not reveal any hidden point. But with lexical-semantic slips of the tongue the question of mental motivation is admissible. This short paper is a sign of appreciation and gratitude: firstly, a modest birthday gift for Sigmund Freud, secondly homage to Carl Mayer, who influenced generations of neurologists in his 40 years of chairing the Psychiatric-Neurological Clinic in Innsbruck, so that Hans Ganner rightly spoke of a "Carl Mayer School". But lastly, this short study is also-and especially-a late recognition of Rudolf Meringer, the great Austrian linguist. The view an individual has concerning mental processes and the "topology of the psychic apparatus" is decisive as to the power of determination attached to the unconscious.

  14. Bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates: Still fabulous?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Możejko-Ciesielska, Justyna; Kiewisz, Robert

    2016-11-01

    Bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are polyesters accumulated as carbon and energy storage materials under limited growth conditions in the presence of excess carbon sources. They have been developed as biomaterials with unique properties for the past many years being considered as a potential substitute for conventional non-degradable plastics. Due to the increasing concern towards global climate change, depleting petroleum resource and problems with an utilization of a growing number of synthetic plastics, PHAs have gained much more attention from industry and research. These environmentally friendly microbial polymers have great potential in biomedical, agricultural, and industrial applications. However, their production on a large scale is still limited. This paper describes the backgrounds of PHAs and discussed the current state of knowledge on the polyhydroxyalkanoates. Ability of bacteria to convert different carbon sources to PHAs, the opportunities and challenges of their introduction to global market as valuable renewable products have been also discussed.

  15. The conception of science propagated by Carl Sagan

    OpenAIRE

    Danilo Nogueira Albergaria Pereira

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Esta dissertação de mestrado propõe uma análise crítica da obra de divulgação científica do astrônomo estadunidense Carl Sagan (1934-1996). Cientista e autor multifacetado, largamente conhecido como um dos maiores divulgadores da ciência do século XX, Sagan utilizou os meios de comunicação mais poderosos de seu tempo para divulgar e advogar sua visão pessoal da ciência. Ao mesmo tempo em que buscou tornar o conhecimento científico compreensível e atraente para um vasto público não esp...

  16. Carl Rogers and the larger context of therapeutic thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wachtel, Paul L

    2007-09-01

    Carl Rogers' classic account (see record 2007-14639-002) of the necessary and sufficient conditions for therapeutic personality change is examined in light of developments in theory and practice since the time he wrote. Rogers' ideas, which diverged from and were very largely a challenge to, the dominant psychoanalytic ideology of the era in which he wrote, are considered in relation to new theoretical developments in what has come to be called relational psychoanalysis. They are also considered in light of the greatly increased influence of and substantial evidence supporting behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches. Points of convergence and divergence among these approaches are examined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. Carl Gustav Jung and Granville Stanley Hall on Religious Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chae Young

    2016-08-01

    Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) with William James (1842-1910) is the key founder of psychology of religion movement and the first American experimental or genetic psychologist, and Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) is the founder of the analytical psychology concerned sympathetically about the religious dimension rooted in the human subject. Their fundamental works are mutually connected. Among other things, both Hall and Jung were deeply interested in how the study of religious experience is indispensable for the depth understanding of human subject. Nevertheless, except for the slight indication, this common interest between them has not yet been examined in academic research paper. So this paper aims to articulate preliminary evidence of affinities focusing on the locus and its function of the inner deep psychic dimension as the religious in the work of Hall and Jung.

  18. Existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelburne, W A

    1983-03-01

    It is argued that there is a significant existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung. Similarities and differences with some of the views of Jean Paul Sartre are explored as a way of developing this perspective and to show how a philosophy of a man might be developed drawing from both sources. Jung is shown to be in disagreement with Sartre in defending an idea of a determinate human nature, describing the self in a developmental way, and in not claiming that human freedom is absolute or unconditioned. Nevertheless, the Jungian concept of individuation is similar to Sartre's ideal of authenticity, in that both focus on the goal of achieving meaningful existence through development of inner resources, creative exercise of freedom, and overcoming self-deception.

  19. Figuras de la antipolítica en Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Páez Canosa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo desarrolla distintas figuras que Carl Schmitt señala como formas de subjetividad antipolítica. Si desde la perspectiva del jurista alemán las operaciones que constituyen un modo de ser político son aquellas que producen o sostienen una forma representativa, lo propio de una subjetividad antipolítica son aquellas operaciones que erosionan o conducen a la destrucción de dicha forma política. El trabajo intenta mostrar que la operación fundamental en este sentido es la dilación, entendida como la postergación indefinida de la decisión. Así, bajo las diversas figuras de la antipolítica que Schmitt aborda, esta operación también adquiere diversas formas de aparición: en el caso de la subjetividad liberal se da bajo la forma de la discusión y el compromiso, en el caso del romántico político bajo la forma de la poetización.This paper develops various figures noted by Carl Schmitt as forms of anti-political subjectivity. Whereas, from the German jurist's perspective, the operations which constitute a political way of being are those which produce and care for a representative form, the specificity of a anti-political subjectivity is shaped by those operations which erode or wear that political form down. The paper aims to show that the main feature of the antipolitical way of being is the delay, meaning the indefinite postponement of the decision as such. Thus, under the various figures of the anti-politics that Schmitt deals with, this operation appears on different manners: the liberal form of postponing is the endless discussion and the compromise; the romatic form is the aesthetization of the world.

  20. Bronchiectasis: still a problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zengli

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this descriptive review was to delineate the current knowledge of bronchiectasis in terms of prevalence,burden of disease,pathophysiology,and management.Data sources The National Library of Medicines MEDLINE and PubMed database (2005-2013) were used to conduct a search using the keyword term "bronchiectasis".The references for articles being considered for inclusion were searched from additional sources such as conference proceedings.Study selection Criteria for inclusion of articles included data outlining epidemiology,pathogenesis,diagnosis,and evidence-based guidelines for management of bronchiectasis.In assessing the quality of the articles,factors such as size of the population studied,clinical setting of the study,and whether or not the studies were prospective or retrospective were taken into consideration.Review articles were also included in our data collection.Results Despite many advances in modem medicine,bronchiectasis still remains a significant public health problem in developed countries and the developing world.It carries a significant burden worldwide in terms of morbidity and mortality,as well as financially to the affected population.In addition,bronchiectasis may associate with chronic airflow obstruction,regardless of smoking status.Conclusions Bronchiectasis is a debilitating illness responsible for significant morbidity with a poor health-related quality of life.The condition has a substantial socioeconomic cost because both primary and secondary healthcare resources are frequently used and periods of sick leave are common.

  1. Vaginal contraceptives still evolving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, R M

    1986-01-01

    The effort to develop vaginal contraceptives began in the distant past and is still underway today. 1000 years ago, South American Indians inserted into the vagina bark strips impregnated with quinine. In medieval times women used vaginal inserts of cloth soaked in honey or vinegar. Quinine pessaries were introduced into Europe in the late 1800s, and in the early 1900s investigators began to study the effects of various chemicals on sperm motility. Following World War II, surfactant spermicides which disrupt the sperm membrane were developed and marketed. Many of these preparations contained nonoxynol-9. Currently, the D-isomer of propranolol is being examined as a spermicidal contraceptive, and several bacteriocides, e.g., benzalkonium and chlorhexidine, are being developed as spermicides which reduce the penetrability of cervical mucus. Other chemicals being investigated act by inhibiting the acrosome reaction. Advantages of vaginal contraceptives are that they are inexpensive, reversible, and relatively safe and easy to use. Generally they require no medical intervention or supervision. In addition, spermicides may kill or inhibit the growth of organisms responsible for sexually transmitted diseases. Disadvantages of spermicides are that they are generally less effective than many other methods, some interfere with sexual spontaneity, they may cause local irritations, and some women find them messy to use. Recently, concerns were expressed about the possible teratogenic effects of sperimicides. Most of these concerns proved to be unfounded. Given the many new avenues of research, the major disadvantage of sperimicides, i.e., their high failure rates, may be minimized in the near future.

  2. An existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality in the works of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin, Sergey A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is the third in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients a person toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and necessitates a search for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients a person toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, onesided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In the second article (Kapustin, 2015b I showed that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more specific cases. In the current work I prove that this criterion is also present in the personality theories of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers, where it is implicitly stated in a more specific way. In the final article I will show that this criterion

  3. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psychologist and swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung: it defines the concept of Analytical Psychology, brings a summarized biography of Carl Gustav Jung, indicates the main differences between Analytical Psychology and the Psychoanalysis, describes the structure and the functioning of psyche and, finally, presents synthetically the characteristics of the types of personalities traced by Jung.

  4. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  5. Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber / Jonathan Swain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Swain, Jonathan

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber, Mathis der Maler - Symphony, Nobilissima visione - suite. Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi" Telarc/ Conifer CD 80 195

  6. Política e secularização em Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Adverse

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo visa examinar alguns aspectos da relação entre política e secularização em Carl Schmitt, partindo de sua análise da subjetividade romântica em Romantismo Político.The article's aim is to examine some aspects of the relation between politics and secularization in the thought of Carl Schmitt, departing of his analysis of the romantic subjectivity in his book Political Romanticism.

  7. Introducing CARL - Studying Stakeholder Involvement in Decision-Making on RWM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergmans, Anne [Univ. of Antwerp (Belgium)

    2006-09-15

    This paper provides some background on the four following papers, drawing on the research conducted within the CARL research project. CARL is a cross-national 'social sciences research project into the effects of stakeholder involvement on decision-making in radioactive waste management'. The paper introduces the project, its aims, activities and describes the common framework used to look at each individual country.

  8. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, whose work has been presenting significant contributions for Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  9. If you build it, they still may not come: outcomes and process of implementing a community-based integrated knowledge translation mapping innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahab Melanie

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maps and mapping tools through geographic information systems (GIS are highly valuable for turning data into useful information that can help inform decision-making and knowledge translation (KT activities. However, there are several challenges involved in incorporating GIS applications into the decision-making process. We highlight the challenges and opportunities encountered in implementing a mapping innovation as a KT strategy within the non-profit (public health sector, reflecting on the processes and outcomes related to our KT innovations. Methods A case study design, whereby the case is defined as the data analyst and manager dyad (a two-person team in selected Ontario Early Year Centres (OEYCs, was used. Working with these paired individuals, we provided a series of interventions followed by one-on-one visits to ensure that our interventions were individually tailored to personal and local decision-making needs. Data analysis was conducted through a variety of qualitative assessments, including field notes, interview data, and maps created by participants. Data collection and data analysis have been guided by the Ottawa Model of Research Use (OMRU conceptual framework. Results Despite our efforts to remove all barriers associated with our KT innovation (maps, our results demonstrate that both individual level and systemic barriers pose significant challenges for participants. While we cannot claim a causal association between our project and increased mapping by participants, participants did report a moderate increase in the use of maps in their organization. Specifically, maps were being used in decision-making forums as a way to allocate resources, confirm tacit knowledge about community needs, make financially-sensitive decisions more transparent, evaluate programs, and work with community partners. Conclusions This project highlights the role that maps can play and the importance of communicating the importance of

  10. Current Status of Carl Sagan Observatory in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Ibarra, A.

    The current status of Observatory "Carl Sagan" (OCS) of University of Sonora is presented. This project was born in 1996 focused to build a small solar-stellar observatory completely operated by remote control. The observatory will be at "Cerro Azul", a 2480 m peak in one of the best regions in the world for astronomical observation, at the Sonora-Arizona desert. The OCS, with three 16 cm solar telescopes and a 55 cm stellar telescope is one of the cheapest observatories, valuated in US200,000 Added to its scientific goals to study solar coronal holes and Supernovae Type 1A, the OCS has a strong educative and cultural program in Astronomy to all levels. At the end of 2001, we started the Program "Constelacion", to build small planetariums through all the countries with a cost of only US80,000. Also, the webcast system for transmission of the solar observations from the prototype OCS at the campus, was expanded to webcast educational programs in Astronomy since July of this year, including courses and diplomats for Latin American people. All of these advances are exposed here.

  11. Carl Sagan and Joseph Shklovsky: Intelligent Life in the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Vladimir

    J. S. Shklovsky and Carl Sagan played an outstanding role in modern astronomy. Their names are well known not only to professional astronomers, but also to millions of educated people in many countries, which are interested in modern state of science research. Among these trends of modern science, which are difficult to define, are such problems, as the creation of Solar system, the origin of life on Earth, the evolution of living organisms on Earth from the simplest viruses to Homo Sapiens, the evolution of intelligence and technology. Finally, both outstanding scientists were deeply interested in the problem of SETI (Search Extraterrestrial Intelligence), i.e. search of extraterrestrial civilizations and methods of making contacts with them. And both scientists were high professionals in their fields. Joseph Shklovsky was a theoretical astronomer in all fields of modern astronomy (geophysics and physics of the upper atmosphere of the Earth, Sun and Solar Corona, Interplanetary Medium and Solar Wind, Interstellar Medium, Supernova and their remnants, the Galaxy and galaxies, Quasars and Cosmology). There is hardly a field in modern astrophysics (except perhaps the theory of the interior structure of stars), where Joseph Shklovsky has not l a bright stamp of his talent…

  12. The Roosevelt years: crucial milieu for Carl Rogers' innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett-Lennard, Godfrey T

    2012-02-01

    This study explores broad features of political culture and event of the 1930s and World War 2 years, viewed in relation to the emergence and rapid early growth of the new therapy of Carl Rogers. The paper traces Rogers' early professional life and examines distinctive emphases in sociopolitical thought and development during Franklin D. Roosevelt's leadership as President over the prolonged emergency of the Great Depression and the crisis of the War. The study includes a focus on the President's own outlook and style, pertinent New Deal innovations, and wartime needs. Twelve features of this larger context are discriminated as together having vital importance for the new therapy and its founder. The congruent courses of the macrocontext and of Rogers' innovation are followed to the ending of Roosevelt's life. Direct causation is not attributed, but the evidence adduced newly points to particular contours of a larger environment favorable for the expression of Rogers' values and rare ability. In sum, the author concludes that a synergy of highly conducive historical circumstance and individual exceptionality contributed to the philosophical underpinnings, attitudinal values and early momentum of Rogers' client-centered therapy.

  13. [Hermann von Helmholtz and Carl Stumpf on consonance and dissonance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kursell, Julia

    2008-06-01

    The article juxtaposes Hermann von Helmholtz's work in the experimental physiology of hearing and Carl Stumpf's tone psychology, focusing on the problem of consonance and dissonance in music. It argues that the experimental set-up plays a major role in the approaches to hearing of both Helmholtz and Stumpf, shaping their redefinition of the musical concepts of consonance and dissonance. Helmholtz, however, explains dissonance as resulting from the beats that are heard when sound waves interfere, while Stumpf explains consonance from the fusion (Verschmelzung) of sounds, noting that two tones, depending on their distance cannot always be recognized as two but are heard as one single tone. Helmholtz's definition of dissonance eventually threatens his own theory of hearing, which is based on the mechanical principle of resonance and considers sound to be composed of sinusoidal waves. Both the physical and the mathematical tools he uses cannot easily be brought into accordance with his experimental findings on beats, which ask for a discrimination of fast changes in intensity. Dissonance thus becomes "unrecomendable" for Helmholtz, because it overstrains the ear. Stumpf's research, in contrast, has its point of departure in the historically given set of intervals and tries to find a principle that would explain this choice. His tests with experimental subjects who have no conscious knowledge of musical harmony and prove incapable to follow or reproduce music reveals to him a difference between the unity and multiplicity of tones.

  14. The Carl Sagan solar and stellar observatories as remote observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saucedo-Morales, J.; Loera-Gonzalez, P.

    In this work we summarize recent efforts made by the University of Sonora, with the goal of expanding the capability for remote operation of the Carl Sagan Solar and Stellar Observatories, as well as the first steps that have been taken in order to achieve autonomous robotic operation in the near future. The solar observatory was established in 2007 on the university campus by our late colleague A. Sánchez-Ibarra. It consists of four solar telescopes mounted on a single equatorial mount. On the other hand, the stellar observatory, which saw the first light on 16 February 2010, is located 21 km away from Hermosillo, Sonora at the site of the School of Agriculture of the University of Sonora. Both observatories can now be remotely controlled, and to some extent are able to operate autonomously. In this paper we discuss how this has been accomplished in terms of the use of software as well as the instruments under control. We also briefly discuss the main scientific and educational objectives, the future plans to improve the control software and to construct an autonomous observatory on a mountain site, as well as the opportunities for collaborations.

  15. Carl Woese, Dick Young, and the roots of astrobiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rummel, John D

    2014-01-01

    The beginning of the space age in the late 1950s gave rise to innovative and interdisciplinary research concepts and perspectives, including the concept of "exobiology" as a way to approach the fundamental aspects of biology through a study of life outside of the Earth, if it existed. This concept was embodied by NASA into its formal Exobiology Program and into the philosophy of the program both before and after the Viking missions that were launched to Mars to search for signs of life in 1975. Due to both management flexibility and an acceptance of the interdisciplinary nature of the problem of "life in the universe," NASA program managers, and particularly Richard S Young who ran the Exobiology Program beginning 1967, have made some excellent investments in paradigm altering science of great use both on Earth and on future space missions. The work of Carl Woese is one such example, which has revolutionized our understanding of the microbial world and the relationships of all life on Earth.

  16. Stochastic Still Water Response Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis-Hansen, Peter; Ditlevsen, Ove Dalager

    2002-01-01

    In this study a stochastic field model for the still water loading is formulated where the statistics (mean value, standard deviation, and correlation) of the sectional forces are obtained by integration of the load field over the relevant part of the ship structure. The objective of the model...... is to establish the stochastic load field conditional on a given draft and trim of the vessel. The model contributes to a realistic modelling of the stochastic load processes to be used in a reliability evaluation of the ship hull. Emphasis is given to container vessels. The formulation of the model for obtaining...... the stochastic cargo container load field is based on a queuing and loading policy that assumes containers are handled by a first-come-first-serve policy. The load field is assumed to be Gaussian. The ballast system is imposed to counteract the angle of heel and to regulate both the draft and the trim caused...

  17. Apontamentos sobre o pensamento de Carl Schmitt: um intelectual nazista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cândido Moreira Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentaremos um esboço de alguns pontos do pensamento do jurista alemão Carl Schmitt, fundamentalmente no período da República de Weimar e parte do regime nazista. Será dada maior atenção à sua relação com o conceito de decisão e como tal conceito permeou seus escritos em torno da crítica ao liberalismo/parlamentarismo de Weimar; atentaremos ainda para sua defesa da existência de um Estado Forte como produto da inevitabilidade existencial, da distinção social entre amigos-inimigos e de uma homogeneidade racial e “democrática”, idéias que serviram de esteio ao regime nazista. Tomamos como base de análise as seguintes obras suas em edições mais recentes: A Ditadura 1921, Teologia Política 1922, A Situação intelectual (espiritual do sistema parlamentar atual 1923 e O Conceito do Político 1927. Objetivamos, com assim, contribuir para uma reflexão mais atenta a respeito de um certo "revisionismo schmitiano” que busca, por todos os meios, apresentá-lo como pensador democrático e minimizar sua ligação com o regime nazista, no período de 1933 a 1936 quando esteve ligado ao partido de Hitler. Com isso, se objetiva alertar para o reavivamento de suas idéias de extrema direita, sobretudo em países como Alemanha, Áustria, Itália e, mais recentemente, nos Estados Unidos. Na reflexão sobre pontos de seu pensamento, nos apoiaremos nos escritos de pensadores como Richard Wolin, Kal Löwith, Nicolas Tertulian, Heinrich Meier, Jean-Luc Evard, Jürgen Habermas e no Brasil, Roberto Romano e Bernardo Ferreira.

  18. [Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 ; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius] / Karsten Brügge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 (Baltische Seminare, 20). Hrsg. von Michael Garleff. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius (Baltische Seminare, 20-1). Hrsg. von Carl Schirren und Wilhelm Lenz. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013

  19. Kinetic Targeting of pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin: a new Approach to Reduce Toxicity during Chemotherapy (CARL-trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jansen Martin

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The therapeutic success of chemotherapeutic agents is often limited by severe adverse effects. To reduce toxicity of these drugs, nanoscale particle-based drug delivery systems (DDS are used. DDS accumulate to some extent in tumor tissues, but only a very small portion of a given dose reaches this target. Accumulation of DDS in tumor tissues is supposed to be much faster than in certain other tissues in which side effects occur ("Kinetic Targeting". Once saturation in tumor tissue is achieved, most of the administered DDS still circulate in the plasma. The extracorporeal elimination of these circulating nanoparticles would probably reduce toxicity. Methods For the CARL-trial (Controlled Application and Removal of Liposomal chemotherapeutics, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD was used as chemotherapeutic agent and double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP was performed for extracorporeal elimination of liposomes. PLD was given as 40 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with vinorelbine 2 × 25 mg/m2 (neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer, 12 patients, or as 40 mg/m2 every 4 weeks (recurrent ovarian cancer, 3 patients. Primary endpoints were the efficiency and safety profile of DFPP, and secondary endpoints were side effects and tumor response. Results DFPP eliminated ~62% of circulating PLD, corresponding to ~45% of the total dose (n = 57 cycles. AUC of doxorubicin was reduced by 50%. No leakage of doxorubicin was detected during elimination, and no relevant DFPP-related side effects occurred. Reduction in tumor size > 30% occurred in 10/12 (neoadjuvant and in 1/3 patients (recurrent. Only five grade 2 events and one grade 3 event (mucositis, neutropenia or leucopenia and a single palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia grade 2 were reported. Conclusion Extracorporeal elimination of PLD by DFPP is safe and efficient. CARL can diminish the main dose-limiting side effects of PLD, and probably many different DDS alike. Trial

  20. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and the interpretations of quantum theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stöckler, Manfred

    2014-01-01

    What are 'interpretations' of quantum theory? What are the differences between Carl Friedrich von Weizsäkcker's approach and contemporary views? The various interpretations of quantum mechanics give diverse answers to questions concerning the relation between measuring process and standard time development, the embedding of quantum objects in space ('wave-particle-dualism'), and the reference of state vectors. Does the wave function describe states in the real world or does it refer to our knowledge about nature? First, some relevant conceptions in Weizsäcker's book The Structure of Physics (Der Aufbau der Physik, 1985) are introduced. In a second step I point out why his approach is not any longer present in contemporary debates. One reason is that Weizsäcker is mainly affected by classical philosophy (Platon, Aristoteles, Kant). He could not esteem the philosophy of science that was developed in the spirit of logical empiricism. So he lost interest in disputes with Anglo-Saxon philosophy of quantum mechanics. Especially his interpretation of probability and his analysis of the collapse of the state function as change in knowledge differ from contemporary standard views. In recent years, however, epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics are proposed that share some of Weizsäcker's intuitions.

  1. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psycholo...

  2. Soberania e exceção no pensamento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Bignotto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura demonstrar que ocorre, no pensamento de Carl Schmitt, a fusão entre a figura do legislador tal como tratada na Antigüidade e aquela do soberano moderno. Resulta disso que o conceito de exceção passa a ocupar o núcleo da vida política.The article tries to demonstrate that in Carl Schmitt's thought, there is a fusion between the concept of ancient legislator and that of modern sovereign. The result is that the concept of exception became nuclear to the political life.

  3. Iron Rings, Doctor Honoris Causa Raoul Bott, Carl Herz, and a Hidden Hand

    CERN Document Server

    Kotiuga, P Robert

    2010-01-01

    The degree of Doctor of Sciences, honoris causa, was conferred on Raoul Bott by McGill University in 1987. Much of the work to make this happen was done by Carl Herz. Some of the author's personal recollections of both professors are included, along with some context for the awarding of this degree and ample historical tangents. Some cultural aspects occurring in the addresses are elaborated on, primarily, the Canadian engineer's iron ring. This paper also reprints both the convocation address of Raoul Bott and the presentation of Carl Herz on that occasion.

  4. Wild Beasts of Still Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2007-01-01

    This article describes a project with a transformative approach to color theory and still life. Students' use of an arbitrary color scheme can open their eyes, push their creativity and produce exciting paintings. Ordinary still-life objects will be transformed into dramatic, vibrant visuals. The Fauve style of painting is a great art history…

  5. Still on the Fast Track

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region’s development is progressing comparatively fast,though there is still a long way to go until it catches up with advances being made in other parts of China, officials said.

  6. Teen Brain: Still Under Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Brain Reprints For more information Share The Teen Brain: Still Under Construction Download PDF Download ePub Order ... the ups and downs of adolescence. The "Visible" Brain A clue to the degree of change taking ...

  7. The Application of Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Learning Theory to Web-Based Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Christopher T.

    This paper provides a review of literature that relates research on Carl Rogers' person-centered learning theory to Web-based learning. Based on the review of the literature, a set of criteria is described that can be used to determine how closely a Web-based course matches the different components of Rogers' person-centered learning theory. Using…

  8. Carl Rogers's Life and Work: An Assessment on the 100Th Anniversary of His Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    2004-01-01

    This article summarizes the life and work of America's most influential counselor and psychotherapist, Carl Rogers. He developed the client-centered, person-centered approach; popularized the term client; pioneered the recording of counseling cases; conducted landmark research on counseling and psychotherapy; and was a leader in the humanistic…

  9. The Coconstruction of Congruency: Investigating the Conceptual Metaphors of Carl Rogers and Gloria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickman, Scott A.; Campbell, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    The counseling session between Carl Rogers and Gloria is one of the most widely used teaching tools in the field of counselor education. This article explores a framework for investigating conceptual metaphor, which provided a useful method for understanding how meaning negotiation took place within the session as well as how Rogers and Gloria…

  10. An Analysis of How Carl Rogers Enacted Client-Centered Conversation with Gloria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickman, Scott A.; Campbell, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    This study analyzed Carl Rogers's session with Gloria in "Three Approaches to Psychotherapy" to determine how Rogers's conversational style functioned to enact his core conditions of empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard. Rogers's conversational style was found to be congruent with his espoused theory as well as a…

  11. Education for the 1980s and Beyond: An Interview with Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Edward H., III

    1985-01-01

    Presents an interview with Carl Rogers regarding education today and what it could be in the future. Discusses topics including politics and power, free choice versus conservatism, censorship, facilitators of learning, knowledge children need in today's world, and the changing society as it relates to humanistic education. (BH)

  12. 78 FR 39715 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... receive Federal funds. The Office of Vocational and Adult Education/Division of Academic and Technical... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-270) State Plan Guide AGENCY: Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

  13. 78 FR 24394 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    .... The Office of Vocational and Adult Education/Division of Academic and Technical Education program... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-270) State Plan Guide AGENCY: Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

  14. A View of the Symbolic-Experiential Family Therapy of Carl Whitaker through Movie Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cag, Pinar; Voltan Acar, Nilufer

    2015-01-01

    The movie "Ya Sonra" is evaluated in respect to the basic concepts and principles of symbolic-experiential family therapy. Carl Whitaker, who called his approach "Psychotherapy of Absurdity" mainly emphasized the concepts of absurdity, experientiality, and symbolism. Based on the hypothesis that film analysis supports and…

  15. Algunas nociones sobre el Derecho y el Estado según Carl Schmitt

    OpenAIRE

    Houed V., Mario A.

    2016-01-01

    De acuerdo con Carl Schmitt, considerado uno de los principales doctrinarios del pensamiento nacional-socialista alemán existen tres modos en que el jurista puede considerar o concebir científicamente el derecho positivo: a) el derecho como norma (positivismo logicista o normativista); b) el derecho como decisión (positivismo decisionista); y c) el derecho como ordenamiento concreto.

  16. Carl Dreyer ja Jeanne d'Arc / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    IV Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatakse kuulsaima taani režissööri Carl Theodor Dreyeri (1889-1968) 7-filmilist retrospektiivi. Pikemalt 1928. aastal Prantsusmaal valminud filmist "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" ("La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc")

  17. Verwantschap in Extremen : Politieke Theologie bij Walter Benjamin en Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilde, de Marc

    2008-01-01

    De filosoof Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) en de jurist Carl Schmitt (1889-1985) behoren tot de eersten die de terugkeer van religie in moderne democratieën onder de aandacht brachten en onderwierpen aan een scherpe analyse. In de jaren twintig en dertig zouden zij een dialoog met elkaar zijn aangegaan

  18. Democracia, representación y ciudadanía en el pensamiento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Polack

    2011-01-01

    intentado recuperar los aportes hechos por Carl Schmitt a esta reflexión tanto en su historicidad como en los aspectos que han llevado a formular nuevas ideas en la filosofía contemporánea dedicada a la materia.

  19. Carl Schmitt and the Challenge of Spinoza's Pantheism between the World Wars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koekkoek, Rene

    2014-01-01

    Focusing on Carl Schmitt's early work, this article argues that Schmitt's relatively unfamiliar mystical interpretation of Spinoza's pantheism, in combination with his use of the abbé Sieyès's notion of pouvoir constituant, deeply informed his particular conception of anti-liberal, dictatorial democ

  20. B.F. Skinner and Carl R. Rogers on Behavior and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaim, Eugene E.

    1972-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the theories of B.F. Skinner and Carl R. Rogers. In sections 2 and 3, the author discusses the Skinnerian and Rogerian theories by selecting and explicating key elements and delineating the general, comprehensive, theoretical position of each. Sections 4 and 5 present each man's…

  1. Carl von Linné jälgedes / Piret Veigel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veigel, Piret, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Alanud aastal tähistatakse Carl von Linné, taimede ülemaailmselt käibiva teadusliku klassifitseerimise süsteemi rajaja 300. sünniaastapäeva. Loodusteadlase majast ja aiast Uppsalas, tema suvekodust Hammarby's ja Fredriksdali vabaõhumuuseumist Helsingborgis, kus leiab Linné-aegset maaharimist

  2. [Encounters and re-encounters - philosophy and religion of the physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Abich, Michael

    2014-01-01

    (1) Quantum theory deals not just with reality but with the physical (scientific) reality of its objects. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker understood this to imply that scientific knowledge of objects converges with philosophical knowledge of their objectivity but did not succeed in rounding off physics. (2) We are actors as well as spectators not only in scientific knowledge but in political processes as well, particularly by means of science. It is, therefore, not justified to deny political responsibility even in 'basic research'. Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker identified classical physics as the venture of knowledge without love but believed that this boundary could be transcended. The apparent neutrality of science must not be tolerated by the churches, however. (3) In religion Weizsäcker felt most at home in Buddhist spirituality, this being akin to Christian spirituality which has been more or less lost by the Christian churches. Yet he tried to support his church and to participate in its actions. (4) Lack of love corresponds to an excess of power in the religious critique of science. In both respects Weizsäcker presented the mirror to industrial society but people in general did not recognize their image. The Max-Planck-Society, however, shut up Weizsäcker's "Institute for the study of the conditions of life in the modern world" (Starnberg 1970-1980) as soon as possible. (5) Weizsäcker always refrained from exerting any power except that of reason or truth. According to Lao Tse this is the power least perceived as such. In politics he generally followed the mainstream after once having been tempted to action in 1941/42. His influence on German society was based on his charismatic spirituality.

  3. Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmond, Timothy

    In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they

  4. The Return of the Political: Carl Schmitt’s Contribution to Critical Criminologies (El retorno de lo político: la contribución de Carl Schmitt a las criminologías críticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Ceicilia Felices Luna

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article postulates that the study of political violence and armed conflict contributes to critical criminological theory by suggesting to look into Carl Schmitt’s concept of ‘the political’ as an alternative to the more typical conceptualisations of ‘politics’ (i.e. Weberian -power-, Marxist -class struggle- or Foucualdian -domination. It is my contention that the latter dilute politics into the economic, social, cultural sphere given that almost everything can be surmise to be an issue of power, domination or class struggle whereas the former highlights the boundaries of the political realm while still allowing for analytical connections and links to be established with the other spheres of society. The concept of ‘the political’ has opened up new avenues for those working on issues of state crimes, mass atrocities and social harm. Moreover, it can reinvigorate critical criminology’s denunciation of the state, its social control apparatuses (such as the criminal justice system as well as other modes of governance by articulating the destructive character of the criminal justice system and of similar forms of social control.

  5. Sternalis muscle: a mystery still.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; Bowers, Maggi; Hullett, Joel

    2004-05-01

    Despite intensive anatomical research during the last century, anatomical structures or variations of these structures may still cause confusion or even iatrogenic injury. A matter of debate is the sternalis muscle. We present a review of the literature of the sternalis muscle with special emphasis on its clinical anatomy.

  6. Value-Able Still Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Susan

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how she made a major improvement to her fifth-grade lesson plan by providing a hands-on Internet experience before students worked on their own oil pastel still life. It was a success with beautiful finished products and highly motivated, engaged students. Details of this lesson are described in this article.

  7. A Beautiful Britto Still Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coy, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Romero Britto is a wonderful artist for young students to study when learning the building blocks of art and design. Colorful, linear, and full of bold patterns, Britto's work blends a contemporary cubist style and pop art commercial appeal. Themes of this contemporary artist's work include animals, flowers, still life, and people in joyful…

  8. 13% Americans Still Poor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王为成

    2000-01-01

    WASHINGTON-Almost 13 per cent of Americans still live in poverty in spite of a slight decrease in their number last year and a rise in average household income,the Census Bureau(人口统计局)reported last week.

  9. Beijing Opera Still Attracts Attention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    BEIJING Opera is regarded as China’s national treasure which has been closely connected with the former imperial capital from its beginning to modem times. Today Beijing is flooded with TV dramas, films, popular music and other fads, but the traditional Beijing opera still occupies a seat at the cultural table because of its pure artistry.

  10. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade Abstract The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of...

  11. Martín Almagro Basch, Fernando Gil Carles and the Corpus of Levantine Rock Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz Berrocal, María

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The Corpus of Levantine Rock Art [CARL] (1971-1976 is a compilation, as yet unmatched in quality, of color photographs and contextual information on three quarters of the paintings known in Mediterranean Spain. Our reconstruction of its genesis is based on published literature, archival records, and oral history (the last of these constituting a particularly important source for the history of science. Its formation by the prehistorian M. Almagro Basch and the photographer F. Gil Carles illustrates the institutional, personal, and economic context of research in the Franco era. We emphasize Almagro’s contributions in studying, documenting and protecting the art and in resorting to an external purveyor within a scientific project. Gil Carles’s training, his work and his innovative classification of the material (described here for the first time made him Spain’s first heritage photographer. The article shows how the combined efforts of the two made the CARL the only systematic Spanish photographic archive built on an interregional scale and with explicit criteria.

    El Corpus de Arte Rupestre Levantino (1971-1976 es una recopilación de fotografías a color e información contextual sobre las tres cuartas partes de las pinturas conocidas en el arco mediterráneo español, cuya calidad todavía no se ha superado. La reconstrucción de su génesis se basa en bibliografía, archivos e historia oral cuyo valor para la historia de la ciencia se reivindica. La conexión de su trayectoria con las de sus creadores, el prehistoriador M. Almagro Basch y el fotógrafo F. Gil Carles, pone en evidencia el contexto institucional, personal y económico de la investigación durante el franquismo. Se destacan las aportaciones de Almagro en relación con el estudio, documentación y protección del arte y al recurrir a un suministrador externo dentro de un proyecto científico. La formación de Gil Carles, sus actividades y sistemática original de

  12. Elementary operators - still not elementary?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Mathieu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Properties of elementary operators, that is, finite sums of two-sided multiplications on a Banach algebra, have been studied under a vast variety of aspects by numerous authors. In this paper we review recent advances in a new direction that seems not to have been explored before: the question when an elementary operator is spectrally bounded or spectrally isometric. As with other investigations, a number of subtleties occur which show that elementary operators are still not elementary to handle.

  13. Imagers for digital still photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosiers, Jan; Dillen, Bart; Draijer, Cees; Manoury, Erik-Jan; Meessen, Louis; Peters, Inge

    2006-04-01

    This paper gives an overview of the requirements for, and current state-of-the-art of, CCD and CMOS imagers for use in digital still photography. Four market segments will be reviewed: mobile imaging, consumer "point-and-shoot cameras", consumer digital SLR cameras and high-end professional camera systems. The paper will also present some challenges and innovations with respect to packaging, testing, and system integration.

  14. A Dialogue with Carl Rogers: Cross-Cultural Challenges of Facilitating Person-Centered Groups in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hain-Hill, Alicia; Rogers, Carl R.

    1988-01-01

    Presents brainstorming dialogue with Carl Rogers which was held in January of 1987, shortly before Rogers's death. Explores basic challenges involved in a large-scale, cross-cultural application of person-centered group work in South Africa. (Author)

  15. Carl Ehrnroothi kogu lõpp : Balti hõbeda teatmebaasi õige koht oleks Eestis / Kaalu Kirme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirme, Kaalu, 1928-

    2006-01-01

    Soome kollektsionääri Carl Ehrnroothi Balti hõbeda kogust, selle rariteetsetest esemetest. 17.-27. XI Stockholmis toimunud Balti hõbeda oksjonil läks müüki kogu 46 eset, neist 24 on valmistanud Eesti ja 22 Läti meistrid. Balti hõbeda andmepanga, mida koostasid Carl Ehrnrooth, Raimo Fagerström ja Kaalu Kirme, tulevikust

  16. Sujeito e ordem: romantismo e decisionismo no pensamento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Bernardo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to discuss the link in the work of Carl Schmitt between the critique of romanticism and the reflection on the themes of sovereignty and decision. Based on an analysis of some key issues in the books Politische Romantik (Political Romanticism, Politische Theologie (Political Theology, and Die Diktatur (The Dictatorship, the article analyzes how, in Carl Schmitt, romanticism and decisionism represent counterpoised conceptual universes, which refer to each other in various aspects. The attempt is thus to highlight both the structurally controversial nature of the German jurist?s ideas and the close ties between his legal/political theory and his critique of the liberal-bourgeois order as a synthesis of modernity.

  17. Quality management of medical education at the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieter, Peter Erich

    2008-12-01

    The Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, was founded in 1993 after the reunification of Germany. In 1999, a reform process of medical education was started together with Harvard Medical International. The traditional teacher and discipline-centred curriculum was replaced by a student-centred, interdisciplinary and integrative curriculum which has been named DIPOL (Dresden Integrative Patient/Problem- Oriented Learning). The reform process was accompanied and supported by a parallel-ongoing Faculty Development Program. In 2004, a Quality Management Program in medical education was implemented, and in 2005 medical education received DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification. Quality Management Program and DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification were/are unique for the 34 medical schools in Germany. The students played a very important strategic role in all processes. They were/are members in all committees like the Faculty Board, the Board of Study Affairs (with equal representation) and the ongoing audits in the Quality Management Program. Students are the only ones who experience all years of the curriculum and are capable of detecting, for example gaps, overlaps, inconsistencies of the curriculum and assessments. Therefore, the in-depth knowledge of students about the medical school's curriculum is a very helpful and essential tool in curriculum reform processes and Quality Management Programs of medical education. The reform in medical education, the establishment of the Quality Management program and the certification resulted in an improvement of quality and output of medical education and medical research.

  18. Ernst Mayr and Carl Sagan debate about the probability of intelligent life in the universe

    OpenAIRE

    Lemarchand, Guillermo A.; Mayr, Ernst; Sagan, Carl

    2010-01-01

    During the Second Iberoamerican Graduate School on Astrobiology interesting debates, between the experts from the biological and physical backgrounds, arose about the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligent beings in the universe. For this reason, it is appropriate to reproduce -for the first time in Spanish- the debate on the subject conducted, in 1995, between Carl Sagan and Ernst Mayr. This debate was organized by Guillermo A. Lemarchand and published in the pages of t...

  19. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    OpenAIRE

    Julio Saucedo-Morales; Pablo Loera-González

    2013-01-01

    We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach), mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO). We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples...

  20. EJERCICIO DE EPISTEMOLOGÍA ELEMENTAL SOBRE UN CUENTO DE CARL SAGAN

    OpenAIRE

    Edison Otero Bello

    2011-01-01

    En su libro El Hombre y sus demonios, subtitulado La ciencia como una luz en la oscuridad, el astrónomo Carl Sagan, incluye el siguiente cuento, probable-mente inventado por él mismo y que nosotros recreamos aquí con ligeras y no sustanciales modificaciones, con el propósito de oponer el gesto científico y el pensamiento ilusorio.

  1. EJERCICIO DE EPISTEMOLOGÍA ELEMENTAL, SOBRE UN CUENTO DE CARL SAGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edison Otero Bello

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available En su libro El Hombre y sus demonios, subtitulado La ciencia como una luz en la oscuridad, el astrónomo Carl Sagan, incluye el siguiente cuento, probable-mente inventado por él mismo y que nosotros recreamos aquí con ligeras y no sustanciales modificaciones, con el propósito de oponer el gesto científico y el pensamiento ilusorio.

  2. Feeling our way into empathy: Carl rogers, Heinz Kohut, and Jesus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, G

    1991-09-01

    Throughout their academic careers Carl Rogers and Heinz Kohut developed two contrasting definitions of empathy that influenced the ways in which both men sought to help their clients cope with emotional suffering. These two different understandings of empathy are contrasted to each other and finally compared with the understanding of empathy demonstrated in the teachings and actions of Jesus. It is hoped that through studying these ancient religious narratives we might be able to recover a deeper meaning of empathy.

  3. La poètica de Carles Salvador i la generació de 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís B. Meseguer

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Meseguer situates Carles Salvador within the literary trends of his contemporaries. He deals with Salvador's implicit and explicit ideological influences, focusing on the poetics of various texts: El jazz, el maquinisme i la poesia pura (1928, Colps d'escut i de sageta (1929, Significado de Avantguardisme, his declaration in La poesia valenciana en 1930, and his unpublished paper El meu concepte de la poesia.

  4. ["Living with the bomb" - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's path from physics to politics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker spanned a spectrum from physics to politics, with philosophy in-between. This chapter surveys the most controversial part of his career, including his work on nuclear weapons and participation in cultural propaganda during the Second World War, his subsequent active political engagement during the postwar Federal German Republic, in particular the role of nuclear weapons, and his participation in myths surrounding Hitler's Bomb".

  5. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's philosophy of the mind].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyre, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's position within the philosophy of mind. It turns out that Weizsäcker's ontology is based on an unorthodox conception both in the philosophy of physics and in the philosophy of mind. His quantum information theoretic reductionism is based on a subtle combination of atomism and holism, his philosophy of mind connected to this is a neutral monism, which proposes a bold intertwining of mind, matter, and space.

  6. Why still philosophy?: Once again

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krstić Predrag

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this paper is to revisit, once again the question asked by Adorno and Habermas and other contemporary thinkers under different headings few decades ago. The author is suggesting that nowadays philosophy requires a final departure from the idea of having single and perennial face, and that this would not only allow, but also enable philosophy to test its various faces freely, that is, without norm or limit set in advance. At the same time, by creating such ′liberal′ climate philosophy would no longer be frightened by the possible answer, and hence would no longer dramatize the very question of ′why still?′. Even if philosophy turns out to be far less than the mission it once bestowed upon itself.

  7. Olestra? The Jury's Still Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Ellin

    1997-04-01

    Although it has been more than a year since the FDA approved the use of olestra in certain foods, this fat substitute, a mixture of sucrose polyesters, is still controversial. It would seem that a fat substitute that is heat stable and has an acceptable flavor and texture would be welcomed enthusiastically in a country where increasing numbers of people, young and old, exceed their ideal body weight. Obesity and diets containing high levels of fat have been linked to numerous health problems, including cardiovascular diseases, certain types of cancer, and adult-onset diabetes; they may also exacerbate some chronic problems such as arthritis in joints of the lower extremities. Nevertheless, some scientists and consumer groups question olestra's safety and usefulness.

  8. 27 CFR 24.193 - Conversion into still wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conversion into still wine..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Production of Effervescent Wine § 24.193 Conversion into still wine. Sparkling wine or artificially carbonated wine may be dumped for use as still wine. The dumping process...

  9. "Gastric cytoprotection" is still relevant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, Sandor

    2014-12-01

    rapid vascular changes (e.g. increased VP and blood flow), followed by cellular events (e.g. infiltration by acute and chronic inflammatory cells). Thus, PG and histamine, by increasing VP create a perivascular edema that dilutes and delays toxic agents reaching the subepithelial capillaries. Otherwise, damaging chemicals may induce severe early vascular injury resulting in blood flow stasis, hypoxia, and necrosis of surrounding epithelial and mesenchymal cells. In this complex response, increased mucus and/or bicarbonate secretion seem to cause luminal dilution of gastrotoxic chemicals that is further reinforced by a perivascular, histodilutional component. This mechanistic explanation would encompass the protective actions of diverse agents as PG, small doses of histamine, motility stimulants, and dilute irritants (i.e. "adaptive cytoprotection"). Thus, although markedly increased VP is pathologic, slight increase in VP seems to be protective, that is, a key element in the complex pathophysiologic response during acute gastroprotection. Over the years, "gastroprotection" was also applied to accelerated healing of chronic gastroduodenal ulcers without reduction of acid secretion. The likely main mechanism here is the binding of angiogenic growth factors (e.g. basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor) to the heparin-like structures of sucralfate and sofalcone. Thus, despite intensive research of the last 30 years, gastroprotection is incompletely understood, and we are still far away from effectively treating Helicobacter pylori-negative ulcers and preventing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-caused erosions and ulcers in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract; hence "gastric cytoprotection" research is still relevant.

  10. [Carl Gustav Jung, the myth of a man].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loza, Julieta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to get closer to the myth of Jung, this is part of the inner experiences that took place in his first childhood, and in which we can already see the foundation of his work and the development of key concepts as: the unconscious, Self, archetype and individuation process. His life is the display of his unconscious and this is what his work is about. We cannot understand Jung without taking into account the fundamental importance that he gives to the inner world: the dreams and fantasies; and the direct contact that he has had with these aspects since he was a little boy.

  11. Evaluation of the flathead catfish population and fishery on Lake Carl Blackwell, Oklahoma, with emphasis on the effects of noodling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelman, Dana L.; Michaletz, Paul H.; Travnichek, Vincent H.

    2011-01-01

    I conducted a 3-year study at Lake Carl Blackwell, Oklahoma to estimate effects of various fishing gears on the flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris population. Managers were particularly interested in the effect of handfishing or noodling on this population. I used a phone survey to assess angler effort and electrofishing and gill nets to calculate standard population metrics to assess composition of the current population. Survey data indicated that fishing effort and harvest were highest for trotlines and juglines and lowest for noodling. Size distribution of fish harvested by noodlers was not different from sizes that were available in the fishery and was similar to those fish harvested with other gears. Flathead catfish Sampled in Lake Carl Blackwell ranged in size from 38 to 1,220 mm total length, and 77% of the population was less than 508 mm (minimum legal size). Estimated total annual mortality was about 11%. Proportional size distribution (PSD) of flathead catfish for Lake Carl Blackwell indicates that about 70% of legal-sized flathead catfish were over the preferred size of 710 mm. Overall, the Lake Carl Blackwell flathead catfish population appeared healthy. There were a wide range of sizes and ages in the population, and PSD indicated a well-balanced population with many preferred and memorable-sized fish. Due to its rarity, noodling is probably not adversely influencing the population. Additionally, noodling at Lake Carl Blackwell does not appear to be as size-selective as previously thought. 

  12. Carl Gustav Jung, Quantum Physics and the Spiritual Mind: A Mystical Vision of the Twenty-First Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Schäfer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung’s psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn’t consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  13. Carl gustav jung, quantum physics and the spiritual mind: a mystical vision of the twenty-first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas Ponte, Diogo; Schäfer, Lothar

    2013-12-01

    We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung's psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn't consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  14. CERN is still recruiting - Pass it on!

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    This year there are still 70 limited duration staff vacancies to fill. Although the Web is proving a very effective way of attracting candidates, CERN people can play their part in the recruitment drive. To find out how you can help, read on. Despite the electronic era, word-of-mouth communication is still doing a good job! Over the last year about 23% of staff applicants found out about our vacancies through personal contacts. The article published last year in the Bulletin (10.4.and 24.4.2000) about recruitment at CERN had a very good initial response from people ready to spread the word about recruitment programmes in schools, universities and at conferences. As the article pointed out, it is still really important for CERN personnel to feel involved in this process. EST Division is now preparing its own initiative to send their engineers and technicians back to their schools in different Member States to attract candidates. We invite you once again to join in with this effort. The recruitment office is re...

  15. [Carl Gustav Carus (1789-1869) and his single ophthalmologic publication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jähne, M

    1990-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus is the most important personality in medicine in Dresden in the first half of the 19th century. He is well known for his manifold activity as a doctor, scientist and philosopher as well as a landscape painter of the romantic period. His literary output is estimated at about 25,000 printed pages. There is just one paper which touches ophthalmology and teratology: in 1842, Carus described the monstrous head of a pig with cyclopia. The discussion follows an idealistic line with comparative anatomical studies in fauna and flora.

  16. Ernst Mayr and Carl Sagan debate about the probability of intelligent life in the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Lemarchand, Guillermo A; Sagan, Carl

    2010-01-01

    During the Second Iberoamerican Graduate School on Astrobiology interesting debates, between the experts from the biological and physical backgrounds, arose about the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligent beings in the universe. For this reason, it is appropriate to reproduce -for the first time in Spanish- the debate on the subject conducted, in 1995, between Carl Sagan and Ernst Mayr. This debate was organized by Guillermo A. Lemarchand and published in the pages of two consecutive numbers of "Bioastronomy News". Here we reproduce the complete debate, including its original introduction.

  17. [Ars medica Anhaltina (II): Carl Ferdinand Graefe (1787-1840) and the Alexisbad spa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, W; Völker, A

    1986-04-15

    In 1985 the spa Alexisbad in the Harz Mountains celebrated the 175th anniversary of its creation. Its establishment is to be seen in close connection with the activities of the subsequent Berlin professor in ordinary Carl Ferdinand Graefe (1787-1840) in Anhalt-Bernburg. The early development of the spa which for a certain time was fused with the Beringerbrunnen in Suderode is characterized by the activities of several engaged sanatory physicians whose spectre of task allows insights in the balneological organisation of the 19th century.

  18. [Lars Hertervig and Carl Fredrik Hill--creativeness and mental illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torkildsen, Øivind; Farbu, Elisabeth

    2005-12-15

    It seems to be a correlation between creativity and mental illnesses like manic-depressive illness and schizophrenia. The reason for this is partly unknown, but neuropsychological investigations have proposed mechanisms which could help to explain this association. Lars Hertervig (1830-1902) and Carl Fredrik Hill (1849-1911) are two famous Scandinavian landscape painters from the end of the 19th century, both of whom suffered from mental illness. This paper describes the artistic development of the two painters and discusses this in relation to how brain diseases may influence creativity and artistic expression.

  19. Carl Schmitt and Ahasver. The Idea of the State and the Wandering Jew

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galit Hasan- Rokem

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article the cultural effects and the specific reverberations in Carl Schmitt’s work of two literary figures emerging in vastly different cultural contexts in the 16th century, Leviathan and the Wandering Jew, are analyzed using a pair of discursive concepts – political theology and Midrash. My aim is to show that whereas Schmitt was informed by the kind of stereotypical thinking embodied in the legendary and very popular figure of Ahasver, the figure itself was suppressed and replaced by a seemingly rational political discourse addressing Leviathan.

  20. A Contingent Affinity: Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and the Challenge of Modern Politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Pedro T

    2016-01-01

    The thesis that the theory of charismatic-plebiscitary democracy developed by Max Weber in the wake of the Weimar Republic was developed to its ultimate consequences by Carl Schmitt in the final crisis of Weimar has been hotly debated since it was first advanced in the 1950s. This paper proposes a fresh look at the controversy. By comparing both authors' concepts of politics in their relation to the problem of modernity, it argues that the Weber-Schmitt affair is neither a baseless legend nor a case of natural continuity. Instead, it should rather be understood in terms of a contingent affinity.

  1. Carl Cohen's 'kind' arguments for animal rights and against human rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nobis, Nathan

    2004-01-01

    Carl Cohen's arguments against animal rights are shown to be unsound. His strategy entails that animals have rights, that humans do not, the negations of those conclusions, and other false and inconsistent implications. His main premise seems to imply that one can fail all tests and assignments in a class and yet easily pass if one's peers are passing and that one can become a convicted criminal merely by setting foot in a prison. However, since his moral principles imply that nearly all exploitive uses of animals are wrong anyway, foes of animal rights are advised to seek philosophical consolations elsewhere. I note that some other philosophers' arguments are subject to similar objections.

  2. Mistaken Identity and Mirror Images: Albert and Carl Einstein, Leiden and Berlin, Relativity and Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dongen, Jeroen

    2012-06-01

    Albert Einstein accepted a "special" visiting professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands in February 1920. Although his appointment should have been a mere formality, it took until October of that year before Einstein could occupy his special chair. Why the delay? The explanation involves a case of mistaken identity with Carl Einstein, Dadaist art, and a particular Dutch fear of revolutions. But what revolutions was one afraid of? The story of Einstein's Leiden chair throws new light on the reception of relativity and its creator in the Netherlands and in Germany.

  3. Experimental study of a solar still

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassoun, Z. Sari; Aliane, K.; Berrezoug, H. I.

    2016-07-01

    This work concerns the study of a solar distiller. Particular attention is paid to the different operating characteristics such as: temperature, global and internal efficiency, performance and the performance factor during the distillation process. We have also established the overall heat balance in transition. A series of tests was carried out during the summer under the sea water to see the evolution of different parameters of the distiller. The daily output of solar still is 1.8litre / day. All the dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity and pH of the water were measured.

  4. Maldito Spinoza: el ataque de Carl Schmitt al "Tratado teológico-político" de Baruch de Spinoza

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Flórez, Lucía

    2010-01-01

    Se exponen los motivos ideológicos del ataque de carl schmitt contra la filosofía política moderna, particularmente contra baruch de spinoza, a partir de la respuesta que éste elaboró frente a thomas hobbes en el siglo xvii. El objetivo del trabajo consiste en restaurar la potencia liberal-democrática del pensamiento de Spinoza y de la filosofía política moderna, frente a las pretensiones de la teología política. The ideological reasons carl schmitt exhibited for his attack against baruch ...

  5. El viaje americano del botánico Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto (1838-1841

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The German naturalist Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto travelled during the 1838-1841 period through the West Indies and the American continent looking for botanical specimen and made a study on the social customs of the inhabitants. He went to Cuba, the United States of America and Venezuela. This work contains a further description of the places he visited and the itineraries he followed. The alive plants he harvested, were sent to the Botanical Garden in Berlin while the dry plants were sent to the Royal Herbarium. This study focuses on Otto and Humbolt’s different criteria regarding the slavery and describes Otto’s ideological class-conscious positions.El naturalista alemán Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto viajó entre los años 1838 a 1841 por las Antillas y el Continente americano en busca de especímenes botánicos y para estudiar las costumbres sociales de sus habitantes. Visitó Cuba, Estados Unidos y Venezuela. El trabajo describe los lugares visitados e itinerarios seguidos. Las plantas vivas recolectadas tuvieron como destino el Jardín Botánico de Berlín y las plantas secas el Real Herbario. El estudio señala las diferencias de criterio entre Otto y Humbolt en el tema de la esclavitud y describe las posiciones ideológicas clasistas del primero.

  6. Parallels in the Beliefs and Works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Aldridge

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Margaret Fuller, the 19th-century feminist and Transcendentalist, has been compared with Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau. The life and theories of Carl Jung, the 20th-century psychiatrist, have been compared with the works of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Jean Piaget, and Sabina Spielrein among others. However, no comparisons have been published concerning the beliefs and works of Fuller and Jung. The purpose of this research was to compare and contrast the beliefs and written works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung. Similarities and differences were reported among their ideologies. Similarities in their childhood and adult dreams, literary references, spiritual beliefs, and explorations of gender were described. Differences were reported, which included the focus of their writings and their ideas about who is to blame when things go wrong, and how to deal with the individual daemon in each person was also explored. Special consideration was given to how closely their writings intersect. Specifically, the authors questioned whether Jung was inspired by the ideas and writings of Fuller. To answer this question, five possibilities were identified.

  7. Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyle, R A; Shampo, M A

    1978-11-17

    Physicians should be prepared to provide prophylactic medications for travelers to malarious areas and to treat patients with malaria. Chloroquine hydrochloride is the suppressive agent of choice for treatment of mild infections due to all species of malaria except for those due to chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum. For treatment of severe infections with P falciparum and for treatment of all infections due to chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum quinine is the suppressive agent of choice. Chloroquine is also the prophylactic agent of choice for most travelers. To prevent infection with P vivax or P ovale, primaquine must also be given. A RBC glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase level should be obtained before administration of primaquine. For prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum, no completely satisfactory regime is presently available in the United States.

  8. The Langevin Approach: An R Package for Modeling Markov Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Rinn

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe an 'R' package developed by the research group 'Turbulence, Wind energy' 'and Stochastics' (TWiSt at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, which extracts the (stochastic evolution equation underlying a set of data or measurements. The method can be directly applied to data sets with one or two stochastic variables. Examples for the one-dimensional and two-dimensional cases are provided. This framework is valid under a small set of conditions which are explicitly presented and which imply simple preliminary test procedures to the data. For Markovian processes involving Gaussian white noise, a stochastic differential equation is derived straightforwardly from the time series and captures the full dynamical properties of the underlying process. Still, even in the case such conditions are not fulfilled, there are alternative versions of this method which we discuss briefly and provide the user with the necessary bibliography.

  9. The Langevin Approach: An R Package for Modeling Markov Processes

    CERN Document Server

    Rinn, Philip; Wächter, Matthias; Peinke, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    We describe an R package developed by the research group Turbulence, Wind energy and Stochastics (TWiSt) at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, which extracts the (stochastic) evolution equation underlying a set of data or measurements. The method can be directly applied to data sets with one or two stochastic variables. Examples for the one-dimensional and two-dimensional cases are provided. This framework is valid under a small set of conditions which are explicitly presented and which imply simple preliminary test procedures to the data. For Markovian processes involving Gaussian white noise, a stochastic differential equation is derived straightforwardly from the time series and captures the full dynamical properties of the underlying process. Still, even in the case such conditions are not fulfilled, there are alternative versions of this method which we discuss briefly and provide the user with the necessary bibliography.

  10. Tarnished copper IUDs still safe and effective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Due to the presence of tarnish on copper T 380A (TCU 380A) intrauterine devices (IUDs) still in their wrappers, family planning providers in developing countries were concerned over their safety and effectiveness. This article explains why there is tarnish on the copper IUDs and why these IUDs are still sterile as long as their packaging is intact. The Population Council and Finishing Enterprises, the developer and the manufacturer of the devise respectively, along with several chemists, have determined that the tarnishing in no way reflects the sterility of the IUD. The IUD packages are permeable to gases but impermeable to microorganisms so that packages of IUDs can be sterilized with ethylene oxide and then stay sterile because no microorganisms can get to the IUD. Tarnishing is caused by the normal oxidation of copper which gives a surface layer of copper oxide. Normally, this surface layer is too thin to be visible, but 10% of the time a thicker layer of copper oxide or what is called "tarnishing" develops on copper IUDs. Copper IUDs have the same efficiency whether or not they are tarnished. Finishing Enterprises is now conducting research on how to slow down the oxidation process.

  11. Still special? Harvesting procedures for industrial hemp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Jörg Gusovius

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A multitude of different harvesting procedures is available after the re-approval of hemp growing in Germany about 20 years ago. Established, but as well recent machine developments enable the supply of raw materials for further processing or as food and feed materials. The necessary specialization level results in high but, compared to other established crops, not exceeding procedural costs. In this study, harvesting procedures and technologies are analyzed that are currently used under Northern European cultivation conditions. However, technological enhancements are still needed in order to improve the competitiveness of fibre hemp in the crop rotation as well as of hemp-based semi-finished and finished products.

  12. CARL: a LabVIEW 3 computer program for conducting exposure therapy for the treatment of dental injection fear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coldwell, S E; Getz, T; Milgrom, P; Prall, C W; Spadafora, A; Ramsay, D S

    1998-04-01

    This paper describes CARL (Computer Assisted Relaxation Learning), a computerized, exposure-based therapy program for the treatment of dental injection fear. The CARL program operates primarily in two different modes; in vitro, which presents a video-taped exposure hierarchy, and in vivo, which presents scripts for a dentist or hygienist to use while working with a subject. Two additional modes are used to train subjects to use the program and to administer behavioral assessment tests. The program contains five different modules, which function to register a subject, train subjects to use physical and cognitive relaxation techniques, deliver an exposure hierarchy, question subjects about the helpfulness of each of the therapy components, and test for memory effects of anxiolytic medication. Nine subjects have completed the CARL therapy program and 1-yr follow-up as participants in a placebo-controlled clinical trial examining the effects of alprazolam on exposure therapy for dental injection phobia. All nine subjects were able to receive two dental injections, and all reduced their general fear of dental injections. Initial results therefore indicate that the CARL program successfully reduces dental injection fear.

  13. The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Peter T.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control…

  14. 32 CFR 705.10 - Still photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Still photography. 705.10 Section 705.10... AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.10 Still photography. (a) Policy and procedures...) Basic policy and procedures for still photos are set forth in the Manual of Naval Photography,...

  15. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Saucedo-Morales

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach, mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO. We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples of the data obtained in the visible, Ca II and two in Hα. Data which is widely used for education. Finally we talk about the capability for remote operation as an open invitation for collaboration in educational and scientific projects.

  16. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saucedo-Morales Julio; Loera-González, Pablo

    2013-05-01

    We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach), mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO). We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples of the data obtained in the visible, Ca II and two in Hα. Data which is widely used for education. Finally we talk about the capability for remote operation as an open invitation for collaboration in educational and scientific projects.

  17. Similarities between Prescott Lecky's theory of self-consistency and Carl Rogers' self-theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merenda, Peter F

    2010-10-01

    The teachings of Prescott Lecky on the self-concept at Columbia University in the 1920s and 1930s and the posthumous publications of his book on self-consistency beginning in 1945 are compared with the many publications of Carl Rogers on the self-concept beginning in the early 1940s. Given that Rogers was a graduate student at Columbia in the 1920s and 1930s, the striking similarities between these two theorists, as well as claims attributed to Rogers by Rogers' biographers and writers who have quoted Rogers on his works relating to self-theory, strongly suggest that Rogers borrowed from Lecky without giving him the proper credit. Much of Rogers' writings on the self-concept included not only terms and concepts which were original with Lecky, but at times these were actually identical.

  18. [Matter and spirit: the unconscious in Carl Gustav Carus's psychology (1779-1868)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, L

    1997-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus, one of the originators of a doctrine centered on the unconscious, is an interesting figure from current viewpoints. The doctrine he espoused was psychological, but in addition, the author sought foundations for his thinking in the biological knowledge of his time. The unconscious that Carus postulated was simultaneously biological, material and psychological in nature. Thus the history of psychism--the history of the soul--was related with the individual's and the species's biological history. From this perspective the unconscious was recognized as an indispensable element of rational thought. This theory, which recalls in many aspects that of C.G. Jung, made possible the medical study of psychic life and the revaluation of unconscious factors of psychism which were usually denigrated by modern anthropologists and moralists.

  19. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's design of a unity of physics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Görnitz, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    As I learned in many conversations with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, he saw his place in the history of science deriving from his "Theory of Urs". This theory will establish the unity of science on the basis of quantum bits. Any attempts to find some "fundamental bricks"--of whatever kind--must fail because of the antinomies of atomism. An abstract quantum bit is a structure quantum that cannot be conceived as a particle in space and time. However, it is clear, solely for logical reasons, that a quantum bit is an ultimate and indecomposable entity. Weizsäcker's revolutionary goal was--already 50 years ago--to unite quantum theory with cosmology and, on these grounds, proceed to a theory of elementary particles. The article gives a short overview of Weizsäcker's approach to the unity of physics, ending with a brief summary of what has been achieved in that endeavour up to now.

  20. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1917 Rudolf Otto published the book The Sacred and proposing the recognition of the irrational aspect as the foundation and maintainer of religious expression by means of analogies and antonyms that the called the numinous. Later, at a conference in1937, Carl Gustav Jung uses the term numinous to clarify what he meant by religion, recognizing this as an observation on what grabs consciousness, thus extending the idea of the numinous to practice and clinical studies. Victor White, Jung's main collaborator in the field of theology, weaves a critical to Otto and Jung's position front to the understanding of religious phenomena, stating that it presents a unilateralism in recognition that only their irrational sphere supports religion. This article aims to lead to a theoretical discussion as to White's reflections on the idea of numinous, in contrast to the positions of Otto and Jung.

  1. Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) - the inventor of perimeter and photometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Sobolewska, Bianka

    2015-09-01

    Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) was a German who was born in the Polish city Leszno. He studied medicine at the Medical Faculty of Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) University, and later in Heidelberg and Berlin. From 1855, he worked in Breslau, where he established in 1857 the first ophthalmology clinic. Later, he became a professor in ophthalmology, the first director of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Breslau, and even the rector of this University. Forster did many pioneering works on visual fields, invented a photometer and the first perimeter, known for many years as the Foerster perimeter. Moreover, he studied night blindness, visual field changes due to different pathologies, and many eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataract, retinal and choroidal diseases.

  2. [Tone psychology and music research as catalysts of experimental-scientific practice and methodology in the circle of Carl Stumpf].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Sebastian

    2008-09-01

    The study of acoustics, harmonics and of music has been providing scientific models since Greek Antiquity. Since the early modern ages, two separate cultures began to emerge out of the study of music: a technical acoustics and an aesthetically and philosophically inspired musical criticism. In the writings of Johann Friedrich Herbart (1811) a scientific approach to musical aesthetics and to music perception is taking shape that reinstalls the listening process as a highly complex and logical phenomenon. By opening music for a scientific psychological investigation, Herbart pioneered the physiologically and acoustically grounded seminal work by Hermann von Helmholtz On the sensations of tone (1863) which the author considered a prerequisite for musical aesthetics and music theory. Helmholtz in turn inspired the philosopher and psychologist Carl Stumpf to further investigate musical perception (beginning in 1883). To Stumpf, it provided a paradigm for experimental psychology as mental functions and phenomena could be studied in detail. These functions and phenomena are the actual objects of scientific study in Stumpf's inductive and descriptive psychology. Combining insights from statistics, ethnology, anthropology, psychoacoustics and the cultural history of mankind, Stumpf and his team developed a new blend of science which absorbs styles of reasoning, analytical procedures and academic convictions from natural history, the natural sciences and the humanities but at the same time identifies shortcomings of these approaches that fail to grasp the complexities of psychic functions. Despite their reliance on the quasi-objective phonograph and despite their commitment to objectivity, precision and measurement, mental phenomena relating to tonal perception and to music provided too complex a challenge to be easily articulated and shared by the scientific community after 1900. The essay illustrates these tensions against the background of a history of objectivity.

  3. Movimentos sociais e a construção do político: Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flickinger, Hans Georg

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto busca no pensamento de Carl Schmitt – intelectual alemão envolvido na ideologia nacional-socialista e relativamente pouco conhecido no contexto brasileiro – a crítica feita à democracia liberal-burguesa e ao sistema parlamentar-representativo, para dele extrair uma contribuição ao atual debate sobre movimentos sociais. A proposta do autor é que os movimentos sociais, ao assumirem o confronto permanente entre as temáticas legalmente confirmadas e as demandas utópicas, podem reinvindicar a voz daqueles que atualmente vêm sendo ignorados pela política cotidiana institucionalizada e recuperar o verdadeiro espaço do Político. A argumentação inicia com algumas colocações acerca do contexto histórico que originou a preocupação teórica de Carl Schmitt. Numa segunda parte, são apresentados os aspectos centrais de um texto do mesmo autor publicado em 1933 sob o título Staat, Bewegung, Volk (Estado, movimento, povo, a partir do qual são articuladas questões sistemáticas ligadas aos movimentos sociais enquanto indicadores de falhas da democracia liberal. Por fim, é reconstruído o fio condutor da argumentação desenvolvida por Schmitt, para extrair dela as observações mais importantes que contribuem para esclarecer melhor o marco conceitual- sistemático dos atuais debates sobre os movimentos sociais

  4. Carl Schmitt o la imposibilidad de una política secularizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Alonso, Marta

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Carl Schmitt is usually regarded as a critic of modernity for his thesis concerning the theological ascent of the key concepts in the theory of the State. In this paper, l argue that there is more to theology in Schmitt's thought than a mere genealogical issue. As a matter of fact, the sphere of politics is for him prior to the constitution of the State. It is at that initial stage that Schmitt introduces the key categories of his thinking by means of theological analogies -e.g., basic anthropological choices concerning our capability for good or evil are justified by invoking the myth of the original sin. As a result of an in depth discussion of these analogies, I contend that what it is indeed impossible to secularize are the Schmittian theses themselves.

    Carl Schmitt suele ser considerado un crítico de la modernidad por sostener que los principales conceptos de la teoría del Estado son conceptos teológicos secularizados. En este trabajo pretendemos poner de manifiesto que la importancia que Schmitt concede a la teología es aún mayor. En efecto, la secularización se refiere a los conceptos claves de la teoría del Estado, pero la política es previa al Estado. Y para establecer sus categorías, Schmitt se sirve de la teología: el carácter conflictivo o pacífico del hombre remite al pecado original; el dilema amigo/enemigo a la elección entre Dios y el diablo, etc. Exploraremos el .alcance de estas analogías, intentando mostrar el carácter inerradicablemente teológico del pensamiento de Schmitt.

  5. Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Solar Still Coupled To a Vertical Still with Water Film

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed Mustapha Belhadj; H. Bouguettaia

    2014-01-01

    Solar distillation is one of the simplest processes and the most significant of separation. A solar distiller of new design was built by the coupling of two confused devices which are; a conventional solar distiller with only one slope directed towards the south, with what we name a Solar Still with Capillary Film (or SSCF); It consists of a parallelepipedic compartment formed by two plates opposite face to face and drawn aside from a distance from 0.03m, which devote an advan...

  6. 'n Lewe met die vaders Oor Carl Borchardt as student van die vroee kerk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.H. Ie Roux

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available A life with the fathers Carl Borchardt's views on the early church This article focuses on Carl Borchardt's contribution to the study of the early church. Especially one aspect of his historical endeavours is highlighted: the close link between the Bible and church history. He illustrated how the early church lived from the Bible and how patristic theology was shaped fundamentally by the Bible. Because he was so wellequiped for the study of the early church Borchardt succeeded highlighting the beauty of patristic exegesis and opening up new ways� of understanding our religious past. Dit was in Julie 1968 dat ek Carl Borchardt vir die eerste keer ontmoet het. Professor Ben Marais was die semester weg en Borchardt moes die middeleeue en die reformasie aan ons doseer. Hy was inderdaad 'n uitstekende keuse. Pas twee jaar gelede het hy in Leiden by die befaamde Bakhuizen van den Brink gepromoveer. Sy proefskrif, Hilary of Poitier's role in the Arian struggle, was van so 'n gehalte dat dit in die reeks, Kerkhistorische Studien, opgeneem is. Borchardt was 'n uitnemende plaasvervanger vir Ben 1-farais. So ver ek egter kan onthou, was dosent Borchardt 'n bietjie skugter en manuskripgebonde, maar tog was daar iets in sy Iesings wat my na al die jare nog bybly: 'n deeglike kennis van en 'n vaardigheid met primere en sekondere bronne van die middeleeue en die reformasie. Nou nog onthou ek van die bronne wat hy met die oog op 'n Lutherstudie vermeld het. Drie jaar later was ons saam kollegas aan die Universiteit van Suid-Afrika. Borchardt was in aIle opsigte my senior, maar tog was hy 'n besondere kollega. Tydens daardie goeie Unisajare was ons dosentegetalle klein en gevolglik het ek Borchardt op 'n besondere manier leer ken. Talle gesprekke oor die kerkgeskiedenis het in sy kantoor of by die teekan plaasgevind. Toe hy in 1975 Unisa se diens verlaat en hom by die Universiteit van Pretoria aangesluit het, was dit 'n droewige dag. Vir my was dit egter 'n

  7. Carl Jung’s Archetypes in Malayalam Film: A Case Study on The Film ‘Urumi’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varghese Sona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Movies are the visual- auditory symbolic narrative that explains the living reality of people. Films employ Carl Jung’s concept of archetypes-prototypical characters. This research provides an insight about the theory of archetype based on the assumption that archetypes resides deep inside human mind. The researcher proposes that the Malayalam film industry in India showcases the western concept of archetype using the movie Urumi as a case study. For this study, different clips are taken from the movie to represent six essential archetypes, namely, Hero, Anima, Animus, Mentor (sage, Shadow, and Trickster. The psychoanalysis of this movie carried out in this paper provides evidence for the existence of all six essential archetypes identified by Carl Jung. Thus this article will be a fruitful resource for future research in the field of psychoanalysis of movies.

  8. [From Carl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840) to Gustav Biedermann Günter (1801-1866) and his school].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimpel, V

    1994-09-01

    A for the most part unknown surgical school in Germany is presented. She begins and ends in Saxony and reaches from the 18th to the begin of the 20th century. The protagonists of this school are Carl Ferdinand von Graefe and Gustav Biedermann Günther. Their characteristics are a strict indication, the surgery of skin, bones and joints as well as the ambulance surgery. Beside plastic surgery this school brought out many other specialties too.

  9. O nomos e a lei: considerações sobre o realismo político em Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Ferreira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o tema do realismo político no pensamento de Carl Schmitt, à luz de suas reflexões sobre o direito e a história da política internacional no mundo moderno. Para tanto, o texto analisa sua narrativa sobre a constituição da ordem das relações internacionais a partir do século XVI, apresentada no livro Der Nomos der Erde im Völkerrecht des Jus Publicum Europaeum (O Nomos da Terra no Direito Internacional do Jus Publicum Europaeum. Essa análise busca pôr em evidência a maneira como Carl Schmitt concebe a relação entre direito e realidade na época moderna e, com isso, pretende apresentar uma imagem do seu realismo político que leve em conta algumas de suas premissas históricas e filosóficas.The article deals with the political realism theme in the way of thinking of Carl Schmitt, in the light of his reflections on law and history of international politics in the modern world. For that purpose, the text analyses his narrative on the establishment of international relations order from the sixteenth century, as presented in the book Nomos der Erde im Völkerrecht des Jus Publicum Europaeum (The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of Jus Publicum Europaeum. This analyses looks forward to place in evidence the way Carl Schmitt conceives the relation between modern age law and reality, and, by this, intends to present an image of his political realism that takes into account some of his historical and philosophical premises

  10. Multi-digital Still Cameras with CCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wen-jing; LONG Zai-chuan; XIONG Ping; HUAN Yao-xiong

    2006-01-01

    Digital still camera is a completely typical tool for capturing the digital images. With the development of IC technology and optimization-algorithm, the performance of digital still cameras(DSCs) will be more and more powerful in the world. But can we obtain the more and better info using the combined information from the multi-digital still camera? The answer is yes by some experiments. By using multi-DSC at different angles, the various 3-D informations of the object are obtained.

  11. Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Español You Are Here: Home → Latest Health News → Article URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163420.html Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV Nearly 1 in 4 had progressed to AIDS ...

  12. Zika Still a Threat During Winter Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162518.html Zika Still a Threat During Winter Months Public health ... doesn't necessarily mean the end of the Zika threat in the United States, a public health ...

  13. Cardiology Still a Man's Field, Survey Finds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162700.html Cardiology Still a Man's Field, Survey Finds Women less ... Dr. Claire Duvernoy, chair of the Women in Cardiology Council at the American College of Cardiology (ACC). ...

  14. Will China Still Be the Destination?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Though the financial crisis is slowing the growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) this year,China still remains an attractive destination for foreign investors,for its dynamic economy,according to the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM).

  15. North Korea -- Still an Intelligence Problem

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A few years after Kim Jong Un came into office, North Korea is still attracting controversy in the headlines, and political sanctions are still in operation. Despite the harsh measures in place to isolate Pyongyang from sources of money and luxury, the rulers are able to get what they want using front companies or the help of other states. The reasons for this are deeply rooted in the North Korean political structure. A network of high ranking officials, their children, and political minions ...

  16. Beyond synchronicity: the worldview of Carl Gustav Jung and Wolfgang Pauli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donati, Marialuisa

    2004-11-01

    While exploring the phenomena of synchronicity, Carl Gustav Jung became acquainted with the quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli and eventually began a collaboration with him. During that collaboration Jung's study of synchronistic phenomena underwent a considerable change; prior to the collaboration, Jung had stressed mainly the phenomenological and empirical features of synchronistic phenomena, while in association with Pauli, he focused his attention upon their ontological, archetypal character. Pauli, on the other hand, became increasingly sensitive to the philosophical aspects concerning the unconscious. Jung and Pauli's common reflections went far beyond psychology and physics, entering into the realm where the two areas meet in the philosophy of nature. In fact, as a consequence of their collaboration, synchronicity was transformed from an empirical concept into a fundamental explanatory-interpretative principle, which together with causality could possibly lead to a more complete worldview. Exploring the problematic character of the synchronicity concept has a heuristic value because it leads to the reconsideration of the philosophical issues that drove Jung and Pauli to clear up the conceptual background of their thoughts. Within the philosophical worldview arising from Jung and Pauli's discussions about synchronicity, there are many symbolic aspects that go against mainstream science and that represent a sort of criticism to some of the commonly held views of present day science.

  17. On the enduring and substantial influence of Carl Rogers' not-quite necessary nor sufficient conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Barry A

    2007-09-01

    Carl Rogers' 1957 paper (see record 2007-14639-002) is arguably the most successful of his many attempts to clarify and render testable the ideas behind client-centered therapy. While each of the conditions that Rogers postulated has been linked to positive therapeutic outcome, taken together they have never been conclusively proved (nor disproved) to be either necessary or sufficient for positive outcome. Nevertheless, the overriding "take-home" message in this classic paper--that the therapist's attitude and caring presence is critical for therapeutic success--is one that has had virtually unparalleled influence in every segment of the psychotherapeutic community. Clinical and theoretical innovations in the psychoanalytic community serve as examples of the following proposition: that Rogers' concepts, while accepted more than ever by a remarkably wide variety of psychotherapists, remain essentially unacknowledged as originating with him or in the tradition of humanistic and client-centered therapy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1917, Rudolf Otto publicó el libro Lo Sagrado que propone el reconocimiento del aspecto irracional como el fundamento y sostén de la expresión religiosa a través de analogías y antinomias que llamó lo numinoso. Más tarde, en una conferencia en1937, Carl Gustav Jung utiliza el término numinoso para aclararlo dilucidar qué entiende por religión, reconociéndola como una observación sobre lo que arrebata la conciencia, ampliando de esta manera la idea de numinoso a la práctica y el estudio clínico. Víctor White, principal colaborador de Jung en el campo de la teología, teje una crítica sobre las posiciones de Otto y Jung de comprender el fenómeno religioso, afirmando que tienen una actitud unilateral en el reconocimiento de que sólo la esfera irracional fundamenta la religión. Este artículo propone una discusión teórica alrededor de las reflexiones de White en la idea de lo numinoso, contra las posiciones de Otto y Jung.

  19. Inductive reasoning in medicine: lessons from Carl Gustav Hempel's 'inductive-statistical' model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandjour, Afschin; Lauterbach, Karl Wilhelm

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss both the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations and predictions and common fallacies that occur in explaining and predicting medical problems. To this end, the paper presents Carl Gustav Hempel's 'covering-law' model (1948 and 1962) and reviews some of the criticism of the model. The strength of Hempel's model is that it shows that inductive arguments, when applied with the requirement of maximal specificity, can serve as explanations as well as predictions. The major weakness of the 'covering-law' model, its inability to portray causal relatedness, has been addressed by philosophers such as Wesley Salmon. While few philosophers today agree with the 'covering-law' model in its original formulation, there is widespread consensus that the law has made a central contribution to describing the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations. Applying this model and its revisions in the medical context may help uncover potentially undetected fallacies in reasoning when explaining and predicting medical problems.

  20. Education in regional anesthesia: caseloads, simulation, journals, and politics: 2011 Carl Koller Lecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Joseph M

    2012-01-01

    This special article is an essay version of the European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy 2011 Carl Koller Award lecture. Historically, evaluations of a trainee's regional anesthesia learning focused on caseload numbers. The deficiency of this unidimensional approach is that case numbers alone say little about the resident's mastery of the nontechnical aspects of regional anesthesiology. Simulation can refine technical skills, but also expands the teaching paradigm to include management of rare complications. Teachers are further challenged by requirements to incorporate systems-based practice topics, including the optimization of operating room efficiency and patient safety. Journals play an important role in regional anesthesia education for both trainees and mature anesthesiologists. Editorial boards build valuable educational foundations by providing critical analysis of new technologies and sponsoring practice advisories. Subspecialty societies such as European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine foster regional anesthesia education through their efforts to define curricula, produce guidelines, and promote international collaboration.

  1. Using Carl Rogers' person-centered model to explain interpersonal relationships at a school of nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Venise D; Lindo, Jascinth; Anderson-Johnson, Pauline; Weaver, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Faculty members are viewed as nurturers within the academic setting and may be able to influence students' behaviors through the formation of positive interpersonal relationships. Faculty members' attributes that best facilitated positive interpersonal relationships according to Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Model was studied. Students (n = 192) enrolled in a 3-year undergraduate nursing program in urban Jamaica were randomly selected to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study. A 38-item questionnaire on interpersonal relationships with nursing faculty and students' perceptions of their teachers was utilized to collect data. Factor analysis was used to create factors of realness, prizing, and empathetic understanding. Multiple linear regression analysis on the interaction of the 3 factors and interpersonal relationship scores was performed while controlling for nursing students' study year and age. One hundred sixty-five students (mean age: 23.18 ± 4.51years; 99% female) responded. The regression model explained over 46% of the variance. Realness (β = 0.50, P interpersonal relationship scores assigned by the nursing students. Of the total number of respondents, 99 students (60%) reported satisfaction with the interpersonal relationships shared with faculty. Nursing students' perception of faculty members' realness appeared to be the most significant attribute in fostering positive interpersonal relationships.

  2. Taxonomic corrections to species of Rhyparochromidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondorosy, Előd; Rédei, Dávid; Mejlon, Hans

    2014-07-22

    Types of Rhyparochromidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea) species described by Carl Peter Thunberg, deposited in the Museum of Evolution (formerly Zoologiska Institut), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, were reexamined and the taxonomic and nomenclatural problems that existed among those species discussed and resolved as required. Lectotypes are designated for Cimex caffer Thunberg, 1784, Lygaeus ater Thunberg, 1822, Lygaeus biguttatus Thunberg, 1822, and Pendulinus guttatus Thunberg, 1825. The lectotype of Pendulinus (now Metochus) guttatus is designated as neotype of Pendulinus (now Metochus) uniguttatus Thunberg, 1822; as a result the former name becomes junior objective synonym of the latter. The following taxonomic changes are proposed: Lethaeus ater (Thunberg, 1822), new combination (from Lygaeus); Migdilybs biguttatus (Thunberg, 1822), new combination (from Lygaeus) = Migdilybs furcifer Hesse, 1925, new subjective synonym; Metochus uniguttatus (Thunberg, 1822) = Metochus bengalensis (Dallas, 1852), confirmed subjective synonym = Metochus yeh (Dohrn, 1860), confirmed subjective synonym; Raglius alboacuminatus (Goeze, 1778) = Cimex caffer Thunberg, 1874, confirmed subjective synonym. Lethaeus barberi Slater, 1964 does not belong to Lethaeus Dallas, 1852 but currently it cannot be placed with confidence in any existing genus. 

  3. Carl Djerassi and the World Health Organisation Special Programme of Research in Human Reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benagiano G

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many hormonal contraceptives appropriate for use in Developing countries are not of interest to major Western, international pharmaceutical companies. For this reason, in the mid-seventies the World Health Organisation, in response to great demand for improved long-acting injectable hormonal contraceptives, particularly in Africa and Asia, sponsored a chemical synthesis programme of long-acting progestational and androgenic steroids with Carl Djerassi as one of its main leaders. Almost 300 esters of norethisterone, levonorgestrel and testosterone were prepared by this programme in university-based research laboratories situated mainly in developing countries and then screened by the US National Institutes of Health in animal models. This paper describes the overall strategy of this research and development activity and the philosophy that served as an engine for a unique non-profit collaborative work. Among progestins three compounds, levonorgestrel-butanoate, cyclopropylcarboxylate and cyclobutyl-carboxylate, proved to be particularly long-acting when administered as microcrystalline suspensions, although – for financial reasons – only one, levonorgestrel-butanoate is being further developed.

  4. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker major texts in physics

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in English for the first time. Weizsäcker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts include the original publications of the “Weizsäcker-Bethe formula” of nuclear masses and the “Bethe-Weizsäcker cycle,” which explains the source of energy in the sun; both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independently of Weizsäcker. Further texts deal with Weizsäcker’s explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the “time arrow” in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics in general.

  5. Economic vs. juristic thinking in Carl Menger’s principles of economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jandl Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Austrian Economic School is increasingly being treated as one of the most significant and ever more influential bodies of ideas affecting the contemporary economic science. It is well known that Carl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School, was a lawyer by education. The paper is devoted to the degree to which his legal education influenced his economic theorizing. After a close examination of the Menger’s conceptual apparatus and the epistemological ramifications of the key notions underlying his thinking, the paper concludes that the juristic background of the far-reaching theoretical contributions contained in Menger’s Principles was truly decisive. That holds true despite the fact that Menger only exceptionally utilized the juristic vocabulary. The key ingredients of his theoretical creation? such as the individual autonomy, the coincidence of the wills in concluding a contract the effective protection of property and making transactions based on the individual motivation to further one’s own interests to the utmost? are clearly inspired and in many ways influenced by private law, particularly the doctrines underlying the Roman Law and the Austrian Civil Code.

  6. Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the discoverer of oxygen, and a very productive chemist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2014-12-01

    Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786) has an important place in the history of the discovery of respiratory gases because he was undoubtedly the first person to prepare oxygen and describe some of its properties. Despite this, his contributions have often been overshadowed by those of Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, who also played critical roles in preparing the gas and understanding its nature. Sadly, Scheele was slow to publish his discovery and therefore Priestley is rightly recognized as the first person to report the preparation of oxygen. This being said, the thinking of both Scheele and Priestley was dominated by the phlogiston theory, and it was left to Lavoisier to elucidate the true nature of oxygen. In addition to his work on oxygen, Scheele was enormously productive in other areas of chemistry. Arguably he discovered seven new elements and many other compounds. However, he kept a low profile during his life as a pharmacist, and he did not have strong links with contemporary prestigious institutions such as the Royal Society in England or the French Académie des Sciences. He was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Science but only attended one meeting. Partly as a result, he remains a somewhat nebulous figure despite the critical contribution he made to the history of respiratory gases and his extensive researches in other areas of chemistry. His death at the age of 43 may have been hastened by his habit of tasting the chemicals that he worked on.

  7. Modeling and verification of hemispherical solar still using ANSYS CFD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panchal, Hitesh N. [KSV University, Gujarat Power Engineering and Research Institute, Mehsana (India); Shah, P.K. [Silver Oak College of Engineering and Technology, Ahmedabad, Gujarat (India)

    2013-07-01

    In every efficient solar still design, water temperature, vapor temperature and distillate output, and difference between water temperature and inner glass cover temperatures are very important. Here, two dimensional three phase model of hemispherical solar still is made for evaporation as well as condensation process in ANSYS CFD. Simulation results like water temperature, vapor temperature, distillate output compared with actual experimental results of climate conditions of Mehsana (latitude of 23° 59’ and longitude of 72° 38) of hemispherical solar still. Water temperature and distillate output were good agreement with actual experimental results. Study shows that ANSYS-CFD is very powerful as well as efficient tool for design, comparison purpose of hemispherical solar still.

  8. Neuropsychology still needs to model organismic processes "from within".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Leone, Juan; Pascual-Leone, Antonio; Arsalidou, Marie

    2015-01-01

    Four issues are discussed: (1) differences between cognition and emotion; (2) affect, emotion, and motivation differentials, including a neuropsychological model of motivation; (3) mental attention (working memory) as a resource neither affective nor cognitive, but applicable to both; and (4) explication of neuropsychological scheme units, which have neuronal circuits as functional infrastructure, thus helping to clarify the semantics of functional connectivity.

  9. Research-practice interactions as reported in recent design studies: Still promising, still hazy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Bart; Pareja Roblin, Natalie; McKenney, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Ormel, B., Pareja, N., & McKenney, S. (2011, 8-10 June). Research-practice interactions as reported in recent design studies: Still promising, still hazy. Paper presentation at the ORD annual meeting, Maastricht.

  10. Small UAV-Acquired, High-resolution, Georeferenced Still Imagery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryan Hruska

    2005-09-01

    Currently, small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are primarily used for capturing and down-linking real-time video. To date, their role as a low-cost airborne platform for capturing high-resolution, georeferenced still imagery has not been fully utilized. On-going work within the Unmanned Vehicle Systems Program at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is attempting to exploit this small UAV-acquired, still imagery potential. Initially, a UAV-based still imagery work flow model was developed that includes initial UAV mission planning, sensor selection, UAV/sensor integration, and imagery collection, processing, and analysis. Components to support each stage of the work flow are also being developed. Critical to use of acquired still imagery is the ability to detect changes between images of the same area over time. To enhance the analysts’ change detection ability, a UAV-specific, GIS-based change detection system called SADI or System for Analyzing Differences in Imagery is under development. This paper will discuss the associated challenges and approaches to collecting still imagery with small UAVs. Additionally, specific components of the developed work flow system will be described and graphically illustrated using varied examples of small UAV-acquired still imagery.

  11. The Bulletin survey... still a little more patience!

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    You've probably been waiting for the final results of the Bulletin survey all week long but unfortunately, you will have to wait a little longer. We've received so many answers that we are still processing all the information - next week you'll get the results without fail!

  12. Mathematics from Still and Moving Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Robyn; Stacey, Kaye; Ball, Lynda

    2005-01-01

    Digital photos and digital movies offer an excellent way of bringing real world situations into the mathematics classroom. The technologies surveyed here are feasible for everyday classroom use and inexpensive. Examples are drawn from the teaching of Cartesian coordinates, linear functions, ratio and Pythagoras' theorem using still images, and…

  13. Threshold of Power Investment Still Remains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Peng; Jin Wen

    2006-01-01

    @@ Being one of the markets most stimulating to investors, the Chinese power market has already shown its investment opportunities that no investor can ignore.But presently, whether experienced power enterprises in market participation or green hands prepared for rushing into the market, they will discover that even under deregulation condition, there are still many inevitable and unsolvable nonmarket problems existing in power investment.

  14. Canadian Adult Education: Still a Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesbit, Tom

    2011-01-01

    Writing recently in this journal, two of Canada's veteran adult educators contemplated the "death" of the Canadian adult education movement. I disagree and argue that adult education in Canada is as vital an activity as ever and one that still fully justifies being called a movement. Specifically, Selman and Selman (2009) list five…

  15. Space still available in energy harvesting workshop

    OpenAIRE

    Brunais, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    A few slots are still open for Virginia Tech's 5th annual energy harvesting workshop March 3 and 4 in Roanoke. Energy harvesting, also known as energy scavenging or power harvesting, refers to the capture of energy from sources such as sun and wind.

  16. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  17. [Carl Gillmeister: the first Doctor of veterinary medicine in Mecklenburg--and in Germany (1834)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlmann, W; Schäffer, J

    2004-02-01

    German schools and faculties of veterinary medicine did not receive the sovereign right to award the degree "Doctor medicinae veterinarae" until the early twentieth century. Until then, in the nineteenth century there were two possibilities for veterinarians to earn a doctoral degree, usually referred to as the title of "Doctor": 1. On the basis of an exceptionally excellent dissertation and after very stringent examination a candidate could be awarded the degree "Dr. med." by the faculty of a medical school, or, if the candidate had studied at a philosophical faculty, the degree "Dr. phil." 2. A doctoral degree specifically in veterinary medicine could be earned only at a medical faculty. The Medical Faculty of the University of Giessen awarded the degree "Doctor in arte veterinaria" for the first time in 1832. In this study we prove that Giessen was not the first German university to award a doctorate in veterinary medicine, a priority which has never been questioned in the literature. As early as 1829, veterinarians could earn the degree "Doctor artis veterinariae" at the Medical Faculty of the University of Rostock, where three such awards are documented between 1829 and 1831. The designation "medicina" was also intially avoided in Rostock. Therefore, of particular significance is the discovery of a fourth such document from the Rostock University Archives, the doctoral diploma of Carl Jacob Friedrich Gillmeister, who at the age of 22 was awarded the degree "Doctor medicinae veterinariae" in Rostock after a successful defense. This is the earliest, but also the last archival record of the German doctoral degree in veterinary medicine in the modern sense, because after Gillmeister no veterinarian could earn a doctoral degree in Rostock further more. Gillmeisters vita sheds light on the times and the difficulties of the veterinary profession in the poor agricultural area of Mecklenburg.

  18. Radiographie de l’ennemi : Carl Schmitt et le romantisme politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian E. Roques

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available C’est grâce à son essai Politische Romantik, publié en 1919, que Carl Schmitt fait une entrée remarquée sur la scène intellectuelle allemande. L’ouvrage se présente comme une charge systématique et radicale contre la tradition allemande du « romantisme politique », et fut vivement discuté dans les années qui suivirent sa publication. Mais aujourd’hui il se trouve relégué parmi les œuvres de jeunesse de Schmitt et reste rarement étudié par la recherche, qui le lit au mieux comme une belle contribution à l’histoire culturelle du xixe siècle.Pourtant, une étude approfondie de l’essai, ainsi que du contexte historique dans lequel il s’insère, fait apparaître que ce n’est pas dans une telle perspective que Politische Romantik manifeste toute sa portée : bien plus qu’une étude historique, cet essai constitue un élément de réponse à la crise du conservatisme allemand tel qu’il apparaît dans l’après-guerre. Le rejet du « romantisme politique » marque la rupture de Schmitt avec l’idéal « apolitique » des intellectuels allemands de l’époque, et par là constitue le premier moment du projet schmittien, tel qu’il se verra développé de manière croisée dans son étude sur le catholicisme et sa Théologie politique.

  19. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: nuclear disarmament and the search for freedom].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuneck, Götz

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's comprehensive contributions to nuclear disarmament and arms control, as well as his peace policy impulses are to be understood primarily in the context of his family origin, his comprehensive thinking and the historical circumstances of the emerging nuclear age. They have a scientific, political and a strong philosophical-moral component. Beside the factual problems (nuclear energy, military strategy) he was interested in political power issues and their ambivalence and perception. His actual work is not only based on general academic knowledge, but also serve the immediate political influence on a scientific basis. Weizsäcker was not committed to nuclear disarmament or arms control per se, but about creating a lasting peace policy in the nuclear age. The paper discusses in chronological order of Weizsäcker's work within the policy field peace and disarmament. Family origin, study and work on the nuclear programme by Nazi-Germany laid the foundations for his later career. As a young physicist, he was directly involved in the political and ethical dilemma of the military and civilian use of nuclear energy. After the war, in Göttingen and Hamburg the reflections of the Nazi phase and the discussion of ways out of the dangers of the Cold War followed. The Max-Planck Institute in Starnberg dealt with the science-based treatment of global world problems, including the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Finally, Weizsäcker initiated a Peace Council in 1985. He urged both the perception of the moral responsibility of scientists as well as an ethics of the scientific-technological age. According to him, a general and profound change in the consciousness of humankind is needed to solve the existing power problems and the problem of war.

  20. [Living without atomic power? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker as expert in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970's].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seefried, Elke

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker crossed the boundaries separating science, politics and the public sphere. In this he was led by the conviction that scientists in the modern 'technical age' are responsible for consequences resulting from their applied knowledge. Weizsäcker tried to introduce his knowledge into the policy process by advising politicians or by using the public sphere, thus applying pressure on politics. This was not only true for the 'Göttinger Erklärung' in 1957 but also for his engagement in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970s. Influenced by the 'Limits to Growth' discourse, Weizsäcker more and more gravitated towards an ecological world view and increasingly questioned material growth as well as a techno-scientific based understanding of progress. Weizsäcker thought about risks of the technical age in general and of the use of nuclear energy in particular. In the light of a growing fragmentation of scientific authority, Weizsäcker revealed uncertainty as he became fully aware that expertise cannot be based on scientific reason and cannot code the problems in terms of truth, but is inextricably linked with value spheres and contingencies. Nevertheless, his expertise was utilized as he encouraged parts of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) around Erhard Eppler to think about alternatives in energy policy.

  1. Are Literary Translators (STill) Lone Wolves?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Hanne

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines how much the traditional image of the solitary literary translator still holds true. Changes in professional associations and modes of communication are influencing how translators communicate and collaborate with other translators. This paper presents the results of a questio......This paper examines how much the traditional image of the solitary literary translator still holds true. Changes in professional associations and modes of communication are influencing how translators communicate and collaborate with other translators. This paper presents the results...... of a questionnaire on collaboration within literary translation in Scandinavia. Concepts from Community Studies, such as generalized reciprocity, interpersonal trust and active participation, are employed to discuss whether literary translators feel like members of a community, lone wolves, or simply lonely....

  2. A Modified Basin Type Solar Still

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. P. Anand

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available To improve the efficiency and reduce the initial cost of solar still a modified unit was designed and tried. The trials showed that besides the top cover, the side walls when fabricated from glass help in increasing its fresh water yield by about fifty per cent. Further a unit with glass sheet costs just half than that of R.C.C. materials.

  3. Is the Lamb Promotion Still Working?

    OpenAIRE

    Capps, Oral, Jr.; Williams, Gary W.

    2008-01-01

    This objective of this study is to update last year’s analysis of the effectiveness of the lamb advertising and promotion program of the American Lamb Board (ALB). The main conclusion is that the lamb checkoff program is still working effectively to increase lamb consumption and sales in the United States. The analysis shows that ALB lamb promotion programs have generated roughly 8 additional pounds of total lamb consumption per dollar spent on advertising and promotion and $44.45 in addition...

  4. Thermal and Exergetic Analysis of a Solar Still

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chávez, S.; Terres, H.; Lizardi, A.; López, R.; Lara, A.

    2017-01-01

    In this work an energy and exergy analysis of solar distillation process is presented. The analysis is based on the experimental observation of the simple basin type solar stills for 4 different initial volumes (5.5, 6.5, 7.5 and 8.5 L). Energy and exergy balance equations have been written for all components of the solar still including glass cover, brine and absorber plate. The thermodynamic models for the energy and exergy analysis are presented on the critical heat transfer correlations in literatures for the simple basin type solar still. The results show that maximum values are reached in the energy efficiency of 45.6, 41.5, 35.7 and 31.8%, however exergetic efficiency for maximum values are 7.5, 7.2, 7 and 5.4%, corresponding to volumes 5.5, 6.5, 7.5 and 8.5 L respectively.

  5. "The most important technique …": Carl Rogers, Hawthorne, and the rise and fall of nondirective interviewing in sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Raymond M

    2011-01-01

    In the 1940s, interviewing practice in sociology became decisively influenced by techniques that had originally been developed by researchers in other disciplines working within a number of therapeutic or quasi-therapeutic contexts, in particular the "nondirective interviewing" methods developed by Carl Rogers and the interviewing procedures developed during the Hawthorne studies. This article discusses the development of nondirective interviewing and looks at how in the 1930s and '40s the approach came to be used in sociology. It examines the factors leading to both the popularity of the method and its subsequent fall from favor.

  6. Otto Rank, the Rankian circle in Philadelphia, and the origins of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deCarvalho, R J

    1999-05-01

    Otto Rank's will therapy helped shape the ideas and techniques of relationship therapy developed by the Philadelphia social workers Jessie Taft, Virginia Robinson, and Frederick Allen in the 1930s. Rank's work and these ideas and techniques in turn strongly influenced the formulation of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy. This article compares and contrasts will, relationship, and person-centered approaches to psychotherapy and discusses the social factors--primarily the professional conflicts between a male-dominated psychiatry and female social workers over the independent practice of psychotherapy--that were crucial in the dissemination of Rank's psychological thought and the early popularity of Rogers.

  7. Entre autoridade e lei: considerações sobre o realismo político de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rone Eleandro Santos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da análise de Thomas Hobbes sobre o poder de decisão e a autoridade atribuída ao soberano para resolver questões que colocam o Estado em perigo, o presente artigo visa expor alguns conceitos importantes da filosofia política de Carl Schmitt como: o duplo amigo-inimigo, a questão do Liberalismo como inimigo político schmittiano, o decisionismo e o estado de exceção.

  8. The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

  9. Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Solar Still Coupled To a Vertical Still with Water Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Mustapha Belhadj

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Solar distillation is one of the simplest processes and the most significant of separation. A solar distiller of new design was built by the coupling of two confused devices which are; a conventional solar distiller with only one slope directed towards the south, with what we name a Solar Still with Capillary Film (or SSCF; It consists of a parallelepipedic compartment formed by two plates opposite face to face and drawn aside from a distance from 0.03m, which devote an advantage of re-use of the condensation latent heat to evaporate another quantity of water. We developed a digital code which makes it possible to obtain the values of the temperatures and the rate of condensation of this devise. In this work we consider the comparative study between the theoretical results, and those measured in experiments. We numerically found a rate of condensation very important which reaches 8,43Kg.m -2 .d -1 , and which approaches to that obtained in experiments, in sunny day (correspondent at 06/8/2007, and a solar radiation of 20,7 MJ.m -2 .d -1 .

  10. Research-practice interactions as reported in recent design research studies: Still promising, still hazy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Bart; Pareja Roblin, Natalie; McKenney, Susan; Voogt, Joke; Pieters, Jules

    2012-01-01

    Ormel, B., Pareja Roblin, N., McKenney, S., Voogt, J., & Pieters, J. (2012). Research-practice interactions as reported in recent design research studies: Still promising, still hazy. Educational Technology Research & Development, 60(6), 967-986. doi:10.1007/s11423-012-9261-6

  11. A sociologia dos conceitos e a história dos conceitos: um diálogo entre Carl Schmitt e Reinhart Koselleck The sociology of concepts and the conceptual history: a dialog between Carl Schmitt and Reinhart Koselleck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Hermílio Villas Bôas Castelo Branco

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Muitos trabalhos de Reinhart Koselleck teriam sido influenciados pelas idéias de Carl Schmitt. Tal influência poderia ser observada não apenas no teor de críticas, entre outras, à filosofia da história, à noção de progresso, ao liberalismo, mas, também, no plano metodológico. Este trabalho busca investigar em que medida é possível aproximar a metodologia desses autores, respectivamente, a da historia dos conceitos e a da sociologia dos conceitos. A análise das metodologias de Koselleck e Schmitt consiste numa chave para desvendar determinados pressupostos epistemológicos extraídos de uma dimensão existencial do homem, possivelmente compartilhada pelos autores.Many works from Reinhart Koselleck would have been influenced by Carl Schmitt's ideas. Such influences could be observed not only in critics to the philosophy of history, to the progress notion, to liberalism, but also in a methodological scope. This article searches to investigate in which way it is possible to approach the methodology of both authors, respectively, the conceptual history and the sociology of concepts. The methodological analysis could be a key to understand epistemological premises obtained from a existential dimension of man, probably shared by both authors.

  12. O Concerto para Clarineta, Op.57 de Carl Nielsen: contexto, análises e interpretações Carl Nielsen's Clarinet Concerto, Op.57: context, analysis and performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius de Sousa Fraga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Composto em 1928, o Concerto para Clarineta, Op.57, de Carl Nielsen (1865-1931 tornou-se uma obra fundamental na literatura da clarineta no século XX. A presente pesquisa procura discutir algumas de suas questões de performance através de uma contextualização da época em que foi escrito, com ênfase nos aspectos relevantes sobre o compositor e a produção da obra. São observadas as divergências entre a edição da Samfundet e os originais manuscritos. Por meio de uma análise da obra, busca-se discutir sua recepção inicial e seu papel na literatura da clarineta.Composed in 1928, Carl Nielsen's Clarinet Concerto, Op.57 became a fundamental work in the twentieth century clarinet literature. This study discusses some of the work's performance aspects by means of examining its context related to its composer and compositional procedures. The discrepancies between the Sanfundet edition and the composer's manuscripts are observed. Analysis aspects of the work support the discussion about its initial reception and its role in the clarinet literature.

  13. Lorentzian wormholes generalize thermodynamics still further

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin-Moruno, Prado; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F, E-mail: pra@imaff.cfmac.csic.e, E-mail: p.gonzalezdiaz@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Colina de los Chopos, Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2009-11-07

    This paper deals with some thermodynamical aspects of Lorentzian wormholes, including the formulation of the three main laws and the consideration of a possible thermal emission made up of some sort of phantom radiation coming out from the wormhole at a negative temperature. In order for these topics to be consistently developed we have used a 2+2 formalism first advanced by Hayward for spherically symmetric spacetimes, where a generalized surface gravity is defined on the trapping horizon. Our results generalize still further those of the already generalized gravitational thermodynamics.

  14. The Orion Nebula: Still Full of Surprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    This ethereal-looking image of the Orion Nebula was captured using the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory, Chile. This nebula is much more than just a pretty face, offering astronomers a close-up view of a massive star-forming region to help advance our understanding of stellar birth and evolution. The data used for this image were selected by Igor Chekalin (Russia), who participated in ESO's Hidden Treasures 2010 astrophotography competition. Igor's composition of the Orion Nebula was the seventh highest ranked entry in the competition, although another of Igor's images was the eventual overall winner. The Orion Nebula, also known as Messier 42, is one of the most easily recognisable and best-studied celestial objects. It is a huge complex of gas and dust where massive stars are forming and is the closest such region to the Earth. The glowing gas is so bright that it can be seen with the unaided eye and is a fascinating sight through a telescope. Despite its familiarity and closeness there is still much to learn about this stellar nursery. It was only in 2007, for instance, that the nebula was shown to be closer to us than previously thought: 1350 light-years, rather than about 1500 light-years. Astronomers have used the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile to observe the stars within Messier 42. They found that the faint red dwarfs in the star cluster associated with the glowing gas radiate much more light than had previously been thought, giving us further insights into this famous object and the stars that it hosts. The data collected for this science project, with no original intention to make a colour image, have now been reused to create the richly detailed picture of Messier 42 shown here. The image is a composite of several exposures taken through a total of five different filters. Light that passed through a red filter as well as light from a filter that

  15. North Korea -- Still an Intelligence Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Blancke

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A few years after Kim Jong Un came into office, North Korea is still attracting controversy in the headlines, and political sanctions are still in operation. Despite the harsh measures in place to isolate Pyongyang from sources of money and luxury, the rulers are able to get what they want using front companies or the help of other states. The reasons for this are deeply rooted in the North Korean political structure. A network of high ranking officials, their children, and political minions are grappling for power and wealth. Beside the powerful Kim clan there exist other families in North Korea whose loyalty must be secured with bribes. If the loyalty of the influential families is eroded, the power base of Kim Jong Un is likely to soon diminish. As a result, the North Korean government is searching for sources of money. Illicit drugs may be one solution the ruling regime find attractive to this problem, but there appears to be a twist: struggling ordinary citizens are showing signs that they too are taking part in this illegal enterprise. This is manifested by their willingness to become involved in crime in the same way as the corrupt regime.

  16. Is Still's Disease an Autoinflammatory Syndrome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Rossi-Semerano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA, formerly called Still's disease, is officially classified as a subset of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA. Beside arthritis, it is characterized by prominent systemic features and a marked inflammatory response. Even if it is still included in the group of juvenile arthritides, sJIA is set apart from all the other forms of JIA. This disorder has markedly distinct clinical and laboratory features suggesting a different pathogenesis. sJIA does not show any association with HLA genes or with autoantibodies and is characterised by an uncontrolled activation of phagocytes with hypersecretion of IL-1 and IL-6. Based on clinical and laboratory features, as well as on new acquisitions on the pathogenesis, it seems evident that sJIA is an autoinflammatory disease related to abnormality in innate immune system. The new insights on the pathogenesis of sJIA have therefore dramatically changed the approach to treatment, with the development of targeted treatments (anti-IL-1 and anti-IL-6 agents more effective and safer than earlier medications.

  17. Imagined Places – Location in Lars von Trier’s films in the perspective of Carl Th. Dreyer and Andrey Tarkovsky

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    in the article. For the purpose of illustrating the concept of imagined places in Lars von Trier’s films, two of Trier’s most influential sources of inspiration – Carl Th. Dreyer and Andrey Tarkovsky – are included. In Trier’s Medea, which is based on a manuscript by Carl Th. Dreyer, location illustrates...... the spatial destabilisation typical of his oeuvre. The mythical, timeless character of the location in Antichrist, dedicated to Andrey Tarkovsky, complements the mental destabilisation of the characters – another characteristic feature in Trier’s oeuvre. Both films highlight the role of imagined places...

  18. Die Fußballclubs Rot-Weiß Erfurt und Carl Zeiss Jena und ihre Vorgänger in der DDR : ein Vergleich ihrer Bedingungen

    OpenAIRE

    Kummer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Der SC Motor/FC Carl Zeiss Jena war seit Ende der 50-er Jahre bis in die 80-er Jahre hinein ein vom DFV der DDR und vom DTSB immer wieder benannter und bestätigter Schwerpunktclub innerhalb der sogenannten zivilen Clubs. Der SC Turbine/FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt konnte diesen Status innerhalb des Fußballverbands dagegen nie erreichen. Die zentrale Frage dieser Dissertation nach den spezifischen Bedingungsgefügen des zivilen Schwerpunktclubs FC Carl Zeiss Jena (und Vorgänger) und des zivilen Nichtschw...

  19. Los límites de la influencia de Carl Schmitt en la República de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villacañas Berlanga, Jose Luis

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article exposes the deficits that the left-wing jurists from Weimar, Kirchheimer and Neumann, showed when trying to comprehend the democratic life and its institutions. The main thesis defended in the article is that these deficits were result of the influence that the conservative jurist Carl Schmitt had on them. By introducing arguments coming from who later became a nazism’s theorist, the left-wing jurists forund themselves disabled to theoretically defend democratic life.

    Este artículo expone los déficits de los juristas de izquierda de Weimar, Kirchheimer y Neumann a la hora de comprender la vida democrática y sus instituciones. La principal tesis de este ensayo es que estos déficits procedían de la influencia que el jurista conservador Carl Schmitt tuvo sobre ellos. Al depender de los argumentos que venían del que con el tiempo llegara a ser teórico de los nazis, los juristas de izquierdas se vieron incapaces de defender teóricamente la vida democrática.

  20. Food-borne botulism: still actual topic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brola, Waldemar; Fudala, Malgorzata; Gacek, Szymon; Gruenpeter, Pawel

    2013-01-01

    Even though since the mid-1990s the number of food-borne botulism cases has systematically decreased and it now occurs in Poland relatively rarely, it is still a real epidemiological problem. There are about 30 cases of botulism in Poland a year, which ranks Poland the first among the European Union. In most cases the symptomatology of botulism is typical, however it does not always fully coincide with the one described in medical manuals which emphasise the dramatic clinical course of botulism with its frequent fatal consequences. Diagnosis of botulism may be difficult because of its rare prevalence and a variable clinical course, especially in old patients. Authors of this paper describe two cases of botulism and diagnostic problems associated with it. PMID:23391950

  1. Bordetella pertussis: why is it still circulating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiso, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    Bordetella pertussis is the causal agent of whooping cough, a highly contagious respiratory disease that is life-threatening in infants under the age of three months and may also be very severe in pregnant women and seniors. This disease can be prevented by vaccination but it remains a public health problem in many developed and developing countries.(1) So, why is B. pertussis still circulating? We need to consider several aspects of this vaccine-preventable disease when answering this question: (i) the history of the disease and the historical context in which the vaccine was developed; (ii) the type of vaccine used; (iii) the vaccination strategy and coverage; (iv) the disease surveillance after the introduction of generalized vaccination and (v) the surveillance for the causal agent of the disease.

  2. Taenia solium in Europe: Still endemic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devleesschauwer, Brecht; Allepuz, Alberto; Dermauw, Veronique; Johansen, Maria V; Laranjo-González, Minerva; Smit, G Suzanne A; Sotiraki, Smaragda; Trevisan, Chiara; Wardrop, Nicola A; Dorny, Pierre; Gabriël, Sarah

    2017-01-01

    The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, causes an important economic and health burden, mainly in rural or marginalized communities of sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin-America. Although improved pig rearing conditions seem to have eliminated the parasite in most Western European countries, little is known about the true endemicity status of T. solium throughout Europe. Three recent reviews indicate that autochthonous human T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis may be possible in Europe, but that current peer-reviewed literature is biased towards Western Europe. Officially reported data on porcine cysticercosis are highly insufficient. Favourable conditions for local T. solium transmission still exist in eastern parts of Europe, although the ongoing integration of the European Union is speeding up modernisation and intensification of the pig sector. Further evidence is urgently needed to fill the gaps on the European T. solium endemicity map. We urge to make human cysticercosis notifiable and to improve the reporting of porcine cysticercosis.

  3. Why Beauty Still Cannot Be Measured

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ossi Naukkarinen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the question of whether the latest results achieved in sciences such as evolution studies and brain research can help us understand the nature of aesthetic judgments. It suggests that such approaches may offer interesting insights for understanding many problems in aesthetics, but for clarifying aesthetic judgments one needs a philosophical point of view. Aesthetic judgments cannot be proven right or wrong by scientific methods, and beauty or other aesthetic qualities cannot be directly measured. The “method” of both making and analyzing aesthetic judgments is discussion, and the article clarifies why this is still the case, even if empirical, non-philosophical scientific methods are more accurate than ever before.

  4. Does ageism still exist in nurse education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Deborah

    2015-06-01

    Worldwide demographic changes mean that older people represent a significant group of patients for nurses everywhere. Ageism is increasingly recognised as an issue among healthcare professionals and evidence suggests that problems with quality of care remain. Nursing curricula have to address the needs of an ageing population in a variety of settings, reflect the importance of therapeutic care and explore nursing students' attitudes, in order to provide them with the appropriate skills to meet the needs of older people. This article debates the main factors influencing gerontological content in nursing curricula and suggests that ageism is still evident in nurse education. A variety of strategies are identified to assist in developing appropriate curriculum content.

  5. Reviewing dengue: still a neglected tropical disease?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf Horstick

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Dengue is currently listed as a "neglected tropical disease" (NTD. But is dengue still an NTD or not? Classifying dengue as an NTD may carry advantages, but is it justified? This review considers the criteria for the definition of an NTD, the current diverse lists of NTDs by different stakeholders, and the commonalities and differences of dengue with other NTDs. We also review the current research gaps and research activities and the adequacy of funding for dengue research and development (R&D (2003-2013. NTD definitions have been developed to a higher precision since the early 2000s, with the following main features: NTDs are characterised as a poverty related, b endemic to the tropics and subtropics, c lacking public health attention, d having poor research funding and shortcomings in R&D, e usually associated with high morbidity but low mortality, and f often having no specific treatment available. Dengue meets most of these criteria, but not all. Although dengue predominantly affects resource-limited countries, it does not necessarily only target the poor and marginalised in those countries. Dengue increasingly attracts public health attention, and in some affected countries it is now a high profile disease. Research funding for dengue has increased exponentially in the past two decades, in particular in the area of dengue vaccine development. However, despite advances in dengue research, dengue epidemics are increasing in frequency and magnitude, and dengue is expanding to new areas. Specific treatment and a highly effective vaccine remain elusive. Major research gaps exist in the area of integrated surveillance and vector control. Hence, although dengue differs from many of the NTDs, it still meets important criteria commonly used for NTDs. The current need for increased R&D spending, shared by dengue and other NTDs, is perhaps the key reason why dengue should continue to be considered an NTD.

  6. [Dogs babesiosis--still actually problem].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adaszek, Łukasz; Winiarczyk, Stanisław

    2008-01-01

    Babesiosis (piroplasmosis) is a tick-borne disease with a symptoms of hemolytic anemia. For the first time babesiosis was described in dogs in United States in 1934. The etiological factor of this disease in Poland is protozoa Babesia canis, and its vector--Dermacentor-tick. The most common symptoms of babesiosis are: icterus, hemoglobinuria, occasionally vomits and diarrhea. The biochemical examination of blood serum from sick animals can reveal the increase of activity of AST, ALT, the increase of total bilirubine, urea and creatynine concentrations. The results of hematological examinations can show anemia, leucopenia and thrombocytopenia. The diagnosis of babesiosis bases on anamnesis, clinical examinations of dogs, microscopical examinations of blood smears from sick animals; IF-assay and PCR can also be helpful for the diagnosis of babesiosis. Till now does not exist the effective immunoprophylaxis against this disease. Babesiosis is well-known disease, however there are still problems with therapy of infected animals. Most effective drug in therapy of dog piroplasmosis is imidocarb, but sometimes can be observed side effects after it application. It is possible that the genetically differences which are detected in subspecies may have an influence on the severity of disease and the effectiveness of therapy.

  7. East coast coal still making history

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, C.

    2006-09-15

    The Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources offered several small surface strip mine leases for bids, but discontinued the practice because of complaints from the public. Pioneer Coal Ltd. is planning a surface coal mine and reclamation project at Prince mine, Point Aconi, Cape Breton. Although the environment assessment application for the mine received provincial approval in 2005, the $1.6 million development still faces public opposition. In New Brunswick, NB Coal Limited is operating the Salmon Harbour Mine at Minto. The annual production of about 150,000 tons is consumed by the Grand Lake thermal generating station. The mine was to be shut down in 2004, but the economic costs are favourable; so despite a strip ratio of 56 to 1, it is planned to continue mining the seam until 2010. The Xstrata Donkin Mine Development Alliance and three partners are conducting a feasibility study of development of the Donkin coal resource block in Cape Breton. The block contains an estimated 200 million tonnes of metallurgical and thermal coal. 1 photo.

  8. Feline infectious peritonitis: still an enigma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kipar, A; Meli, M L

    2014-03-01

    Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is one of the most important fatal infectious diseases of cats, the pathogenesis of which has not yet been fully revealed. The present review focuses on the biology of feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection and the pathogenesis and pathological features of FIP. Recent studies have revealed functions of many viral proteins, differing receptor specificity for type I and type II FCoV, and genomic differences between feline enteric coronaviruses (FECVs) and FIP viruses (FIPVs). FECV and FIP also exhibit functional differences, since FECVs replicate mainly in intestinal epithelium and are shed in feces, and FIPVs replicate efficiently in monocytes and induce systemic disease. Thus, key events in the pathogenesis of FIP are systemic infection with FIPV, effective and sustainable viral replication in monocytes, and activation of infected monocytes. The host's genetics and immune system also play important roles. It is the activation of monocytes and macrophages that directly leads to the pathologic features of FIP, including vasculitis, body cavity effusions, and fibrinous and granulomatous inflammatory lesions. Advances have been made in the clinical diagnosis of FIP, based on the clinical pathologic findings, serologic testing, and detection of virus using molecular (polymerase chain reaction) or antibody-based methods. Nevertheless, the clinical diagnosis remains challenging in particular in the dry form of FIP, which is partly due to the incomplete understanding of infection biology and pathogenesis in FIP. So, while much progress has been made, many aspects of FIP pathogenesis still remain an enigma.

  9. Health Technology Assessment: a field still maturing!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaldo N. Battista

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available

    With this issue’s focus on Health Technology Assessment (HTA, the Italian Journal of Public Health has tackled an area of growing importance in today’s increasingly complex health care delivery systems.

    As the articles in this issue demonstrate, HTA has grown from a relatively narrow technical focus to a form of policy research underway in dozens of countries. Since its inception just over three decades ago,HTA has evolved through three distinct phases: the machine, the disease and the delivery mode, with the third of these still underway.

    As the focus has shifted from machines to disease conditions to service delivery approaches, HTA has drawn on research and modes of discourse from a growing variety of disciplines. Thus, despite the evolution that continues, HTA remains, at its core, both multidisciplinary and pragmatic, for the strengths of HTA arise from its integration of the efforts of actors in multiple, diverse disciplines with a view to producing knowledge that will assist decision-makers. The machine phase was marked by a focus on the technical performance of health technologies, often embodying innovative approaches to diagnosis or treatment of human illness.

    Given the newness and costliness of many technologies selected for assessment, a significant emphasis was placed on assessing the safety of these devices. Imaging technologies were the subject of assessment in many settings, perhaps in part because devices such as the CT scanner produced remarkable visual results that were heralded as affording breakthroughs in diagnosis and treatment. One need only look through the programs of early HTA conferences to see the emphasis on high cost, infrastructure-intensive health technologies that was the hallmark of the machine period.

  10. Adult-onset Still's disease: Clinical cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. R. Imametdinova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The annual incidence of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD worldwide is 0.16 cases per 100,000 persons. Its leading symptoms are joint involvement, fever, skin rash, and neutrophilic leukocytosis in the absence of rheumatoid factor and anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in serum and synovial fluid. In its initial stage, there may be monoarthritis more commonly of the wrist, hip, or knee. Then the lesion assumes the pattern of oligo- or polyarthritis. Musculoskeletal involvement appearing as arthralgia, arthritis, and myalgia is noted in all patients. In the majority of patients, articular involvement progresses and destructive polyarthritis develops. Symmetric involvement of the carpophalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints is frequently detected. Skin lesion manifests itself as maculopapular or roseolous rashes on the chest, back, shoulders, occasionally on the legs, or in the areas of mechanical irritation. A sore throat with the signs of pharyngitis is a characteristic early symptom of the disease. There may be involvements of the liver, cardiovascular system, lung, as well as lymphadenopathy, or splenomegaly. The chronic course of the disease is more frequently noted.The paper describes two cases of AOSD. One case demonstrates that the physician has no experience in diagnosing and managing patients with AOSD, resulting in the misinterpretation of the increase in disease activity when the subclinical doses of methotrexate (MT are used, which has been regarded as a therapeutic complication. The use of the adequate dose of MT could achieve a clinical and laboratory remission and discontinue glucocorticoids (GC.In the other case of recurrent AOSD and mild clinical symptoms, the unreasonable use of high GC doses gave rise to adverse reactions.

  11. Adult-onset Still's disease: Clinical cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. R. Imametdinova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The annual incidence of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD worldwide is 0.16 cases per 100,000 persons. Its leading symptoms are joint involvement, fever, skin rash, and neutrophilic leukocytosis in the absence of rheumatoid factor and anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in serum and synovial fluid. In its initial stage, there may be monoarthritis more commonly of the wrist, hip, or knee. Then the lesion assumes the pattern of oligo- or polyarthritis. Musculoskeletal involvement appearing as arthralgia, arthritis, and myalgia is noted in all patients. In the majority of patients, articular involvement progresses and destructive polyarthritis develops. Symmetric involvement of the carpophalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints is frequently detected. Skin lesion manifests itself as maculopapular or roseolous rashes on the chest, back, shoulders, occasionally on the legs, or in the areas of mechanical irritation. A sore throat with the signs of pharyngitis is a characteristic early symptom of the disease. There may be involvements of the liver, cardiovascular system, lung, as well as lymphadenopathy, or splenomegaly. The chronic course of the disease is more frequently noted.The paper describes two cases of AOSD. One case demonstrates that the physician has no experience in diagnosing and managing patients with AOSD, resulting in the misinterpretation of the increase in disease activity when the subclinical doses of methotrexate (MT are used, which has been regarded as a therapeutic complication. The use of the adequate dose of MT could achieve a clinical and laboratory remission and discontinue glucocorticoids (GC.In the other case of recurrent AOSD and mild clinical symptoms, the unreasonable use of high GC doses gave rise to adverse reactions.

  12. [The alphabet of nature and the alphabet of culture in the eighteenth century. botany, diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner : Botany, Diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierl, Martin

    2010-01-01

    In the middle of the eighteenth century, Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner attempted to realize the old idea of deciphering the alphabet of the world, which Francis Bacon had raised as a general postulate of science. This article describes these attempts and their interrelations. Linné used the model of the alphabet to classify plants according to the characters of this fruiting body. Gatterer, one of the leading German historians during the Enlightenment, adopted the botanical method of classification by genus and species to classify the history of scripts. He used the forms of the alphabetic characters to measure the age of manuscripts and to map the process of history as a genealogy of culture. Gatterer collaborated closely with Büttner, the first Göttingen professor of natural history. Büttner constructed a general alphabet of languages which connected the phonetics of language with the historically known alphabets. Early on, diplomatics and ethnography combined the natural order of natural history and the cultural order of the alphabet with the attempt to register development and to document development by the evolution of forms. Based on the shared model of the alphabet and on the common necessity to classify their empirical material, natural history and the description of culture were related attempts in the middle of the eighteenth century to comprehend the alphabetically organized nature and a naturally ordered culture.

  13. Why Deliberative Democracy is (Still) Untenable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlström, Kristoffer

    2012-01-01

    response is that the correct conclusion to draw from the evidence is simply that we must work harder to ensure that the deliberative process improves the deliberators’ epistemic situation. The main problem for this response is that there are non-deliberative alternatives—most prominently information...

  14. Testing aspects of Carl Rogers's theory of creative environments: child-rearing antecedents of creative potential in young adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, D M; Block, J H; Block, J

    1987-04-01

    Longitudinal data involving 106 children and their parents were used to test preschool child-rearing implications of Carl Rogers's theory of creativity-fostering environments (Rogers, 1954). Indices were developed for each parent and for each mother-father combination that reflected the degree to which the parents' child-rearing practices and interactions with their preschool children matched the recommendations implicit in Rogers's description of a creativity-fostering environment. The three indices of Rogers-prescribed child-rearing practices each correlated positively (rs = .38 to .46) and significantly (all ps less than .001) with a composite index of creative potential in early adolescence, 7 to 11 years later. Rogers-prescribed preschool child-rearing practices also emerged as significant antecedents of adolescent creative potential in regression/path analyses that held constant the influence of sex, preschool intelligence, and preschool creative potential. Theoretical and methodological aspects of the study are discussed.

  15. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828 with description of a new genus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813 is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813 is proposed. A key to the known South African genera of the tribe is given. The following new synonymies are established: Oxystoma craccae (Linnaeus, 1767 = Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813 syn. n., Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion loti (Kirby, 1808 = Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815, syn. n., and Pseudoprotapion astragali (Paykull, 1800 = Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815, syn. n.

  16. Der Feindbegriff Carl Schmitts im Antiterrorkrieg - Über das Verhältnis von Recht und Politik im Ausnahmezustand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Stübinger

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Lehren Carl Schmitts haben wieder einmal Hochkonjunktur. Insbesondere sein von der Unterscheidung zwischen Freund und Feind bestimmter Begriff des Politischen und die Idee vom Ausnahmezustand, in dem das Recht der Normallage nicht gelte, sind derzeit aktuell. Die Reaktualisierung ist vor allem der Kriegsrhetorik geschuldet, die sich im Kampf gegen den internationalen Terrorismus etabliert. Schmitts Begrifflichkeit wird in Anspruch genommen, um diverse Antiterrormaßnahmen der normalen juristischen Beurteilung zu entziehen. Die durch souveräne politische Entscheidung ausgerufene Ausnahme soll die Geltung des Rechts suspendieren. Dabei droht die Ausnahme zur Regel zu werden. Der dadurch behauptete Vorrang des Politischen wird im Rahmen einer Analyse der Schriften Schmitts und der internationalen Rezeption seiner Theorien einer kritischen Prüfung unterzogen und zurückgewiesen.

  17. 我不随波逐流——宝齐莱(Carl F.Bucherer)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    奥奇米德(ARCHIMEDES)系列 瑞士皇齐莱(Carl F.Bucherer)一向致力发展精密机械腕表,在云云腕表系列中以奥奇米博(ARCHIMEDES)系列甚为出众。奥奇米德系列18k玫瑰金自动表,机械精密细致。当手腕活动时.摆陀可帮助手表自动上弦,同时,备有能量显示,让你对手表的能量一目了然,第二时区显示的功能最适合经常外出公干的人士轻松掌握不同的时间。

  18. [A failed experiment - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Jürgen Habermas and the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leendertz, Ariane

    2014-01-01

    From 1970 to 1980 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker headed the Max-Planck-lnstitut zur Erforschung der Lebensbedingungen der wissenschaftlich-technischen Welt (MPI for the study of the living conditions of the world of science and technology) in Starnberg, jointly with Jürgen Habermas since 1971. From the start, the Max Planck Society regarded the new institute as an experiment that might perhaps be aborted a few years later. This is exactly what happened. With the retirement of Weizsäcker, his section was closed and the whole institute was renamed. In 1981. Habermas resigned, and then the institute was closed. This paper focusses on some of the problem constellations within the institute that partly explain its development and eventual closure: its birth out of the idea of scientific policy advice, the debates within the Max Planck Society and the complex relationship between Weizsäcker and Jürgen Habermas.

  19. Modifications of the isolated frog heart preparation in Carl Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute: relevance for cardiovascular research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    2000-01-01

    Carl Ludwig was the first physiologist to systematically study isolated organs (heart, muscle, kidney, liver, lung). In his Leipzig Physiological Institute, the isolated perfused frog heart preparation was established in 1866 by Elias Cyon. This preparation was subsequently subjected to various modifications, and many important observations were made by scientists such as Joseph Coats, Henry Pickering Bowditch, Luigi Luciani, Michael Joseph Rossbach, Hugo Kronecker and Otto Frank. The influence of filling pressure on contraction amplitude, the all-or-none law of the heart, the absolute refractory period, postextrasystolic potentiation, the staircase ('Treppe') phenomenon and the dependence of heart function on oxidative metabolism were discovered. The negative chronotropic and inotropic effects of vagus nerve stimulation were also first documented, and a model to induce arrhythmias was established. The isolated frog heart preparation became a widely used standard model for teaching and for basic cardiovascular research. Sidney Ringer discovered the essential role of calcium ions for heart function. Otto Loewi discovered the chemical transduction mechanism of the vagus with acetylcholine as transmitter. In more recent times, the cyclical changes in cAMP and cGMP that occur during the cardiac cycle were first described in the frog heart by Wollenberger and associates. Thus, the isolated perfused frog heart established and modified in Carl Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute led not only to the discovery of basic phenomena, but also to observations that became the basis for concepts to be developed and elaborated later. Furthermore, the isolated perfused frog heart was the starting point for the development of the isolated mammalian heart in the retrogradely perfused, nonworking mode in the heart-lung modification and in the working heart preparation.

  20. BOOK REVIEW: Carl Christian Bruhns - Ein bedeutender Naturwissenschaftler in der zweiten Halfte des 19. Jahrhunderts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Hansel, C.; Munzel, G.; Ilgauds, H.-J.; Borngen, M.

    2006-12-01

    The biography of the former member of the Saxonian Academy of Sciences, Carl Christian Bruhns, and appropiately published in their Transactions, originated from a series of lectures given some years ago. Gisela Munzel and Hans-Joachim Ilgauds, who have already written an authoritative history of Leipzig observatories, joined geophysicist Michael Borngen to describe various aspects of Bruhns' life and activities in different scientific fields. For the astronomical reader, Gisela Munzel's contribution is certainly the most rewarding one, and it covers almost the complete first half of the book. She not only describes Bruhns' astronomical career, but also supplies many details of his life. Having passed something equivalent to a junior high school, his father urged him to become apprentice in his own field, that of a locksmith. C.C. Bruhns became a mechanic in several companies in Berlin, and started also part-time work as a computer at Berlin Observatory in 1851. He soon was "discovered" by its director Johann Franz Encke, and became second assistant in mid-1852, first assistant in 1854 and observer in 1855. In mid-1856 he received his PhD on the topic of minor planets. A prize assignment on astronomical refraction developed into his habilitation thesis of 1859. When in 1857 the observer Heinrich d'Arrest left Leipzig Observatory, there were plans to replace him by an astronomer who would later also take over the post of the aging August Ferdinand Mobius. There were already plans to move the old Observatory on the tower of Pleissenburg castle to another location, when Bruhns was appointed observer and professor in April 1860. In Summer, construction of the new Observatory at Johannistal started, and it was inaugurated in late 1861. Munzel faithfully traces his work, his assistants and colleagues - Engelmann, Weinek, Zollner, and many more - , his activities in the founding of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, his work as a commissar of the ``Mitteleuropaische

  1. Sternschnuppen und Erdmagnetismus, ein von Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß während der Universitätsfeierlichkeiten in Göttingen im September 1837 initiiertes Projekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn September 1837 the centennial celebrations of Göttingen university took place; Alexander von Humboldt, who visited Göttingen for this purpose, and Carl Friedrich Gauss created the project: Do showers of meteors influence the terrestrial magnetic phaenomena, comparable to the aurora borealis? The investigation should take place in November 1837, when strong meteor showers were once again expected. In this context the letter of Humboldt to Gauss from November 30, 1837 is of great importance; in this letter two enclosures were mentioned which still exist, but which were not presented in the edition of the letters between Humboldt and Gauss.One of these enclosures is a letter from Boguslawski to Humboldt from November 15, 1837, on which Humboldt made several remarks. Boguslawski was astronomer at the observatory of Breslau. The other enclosure was a document, containing the observation data of Humboldt and Herter, which were made in Berlin during November 12 to 15 and 21. These two documents together with the historical context are presented here for the first time, accompanied by the report by Gerling on meteor showers observed in Marburg from November 12 to 14.ZusammenfassungWährend der im September 1837 in Göttingen stattfindenden Universitätsfeierlichkeiten initiierten Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß gemeinsam ein Projekt; es ging dabei um die Frage, ob Sternschnuppen die erdmagnetischen Erscheinungen beeinflussen würden, dem Nordlicht vergleichbar. Dies sollte im folgenden November, anlässlich des zu erwartenden großen Sternschnuppenschauers, überprüft werden.Im Zentrum dieser Untersuchung steht der Brief von Alexander von Humboldt an Gauß vom 30. November 1837 (Briefwechsel Humboldt-Gauß, S. 63–65; in diesem wurden zwei Beilagen bzw. Anlagen angesprochen, die zwar noch existieren, die aber bei der Ausgabe des Humboldt-Gaußschen Briefwechsels fast ganz unberücksichtigt blieben. Es handelt sich erstens

  2. His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

  3. [Carl Gustav Carus, the first director of the newly established maternity institute of the Dresden Royal Surgical-Medical Academy 1814-1827].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarembe, B

    1989-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus was born in 1789 in Leipzig. He studied at the University of Leipzig. His specialization in Gynecology and Obstetrics took place at the Triersches Maternity Hospital. In 1814 he was named Professor for Obstetrics in Dresden at the Royal-Surgical-Medical-Academy. He was the head of the Maternity Hospital till 1827. Under his direction many midwives, students and physicians were educated. He published numerous articles and books on medical and philosophical-psychological topics. He was a talented artist of the Romantic especially in painting landscapes. He was a friend of Caspar David Friedrich and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After 1827 he was the physician in ordinary to 3 saxonian kings. He died in 1869. The Medical Academy in Dresden bears his name "Carl Gustav Carus" since its foundation.

  4. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Missagia Matos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DISSERTAÇÃO DE MESTRADOMATTOS, Solange Missagia. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011. 115 folhas. Dissertação (Mestrado – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  5. Still-Video Photography: Tomorrow's Electronic Cameras in the Hands of Today's Photojournalists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foss, Kurt; Kahan, Robert S.

    This paper examines the still-video camera and its potential impact by looking at recent experiments and by gathering information from some of the few people knowledgeable about the new technology. The paper briefly traces the evolution of the tools and processes of still-video photography, examining how photographers and their work have been…

  6. Improving the productivity of solar still using evacuated tubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qays A.Rashak, Ala'a A. Jassim, Husam N. Khanfoos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The nature of life and population growth makes the rate of water consumption to be very high, also the operation costs of the conventional methods of the desalination process are very expensive and unfriendly to the environment; therefor it is very important to find new, cheap, clean and simple methods for producing drinkable water such as solar energy desalination systems. To improve the performance of solar still by using evacuated tubes. The effect of parameter variables such as solar intensity, wind velocity, the tilt angle and numbers of the evacuated tubes are studied and then discussed. It can be concluded that the maximum productivity of water has achieved when the tilt angle of the evacuated tubes was 15˚ on the horizone using four evacuated tubes.

  7. Monocrystalline silicon used for integrated circuits: still on the way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia-he CHEN; De-ren YANG; Duan-lin QUE

    2008-01-01

    With the rapid development of semiconductor technology, highly integrated circuits (ICs) and future nano-scale devices require large diameter and defect-free monocrystalline silicon wafers. The ongoing innovation from silicon materials is one of the driving forces in future micro and nano-technologies. In this work, the recent developments in the controlling of large diameter silicon crystal growth processes, the improvement of material features by co-doping with the intend-introduced impur-ities, and the progress of defect engineered silicon wafers (epitaxial silicon wafer, strained silicon, silicon on insu-lator) are reviewed. It is proposed that the silicon man-ufacturing infrastructure could still meet the increasingly stringent requirements arising from ULSI circuits and will expand Moore's law into a couple of decades.

  8. Smoking Rates Still High in Some Racial Groups, CDC Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160256.html Smoking Rates Still High in Some Racial Groups, CDC ... lot of progress in getting Americans to stop smoking, some groups still have high smoking rates, a ...

  9. Numerical modelling of a multi-stage solar still

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jubran, B.A.; Ahmed, M.I.; Ismail, A.F.; Abakar, Y.A. [International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    2000-07-01

    This paper reports the development of a mathematical model to predict the productivity and the thermal characteristics of a multistage solar still with an expansion nozzle and heat recovery in each stage of the still. Furthermore, this model is used to conduct a parametric investigation of the proposed solar still. A cost analysis is performed to shed some light on the potential of utilizing the proposed still for production of drinking water. It was found that making use of an expansion nozzle and heat recovery techniques in the proposed solar still tend to enhance the productivity of the still and the distillation efficiency. The daily solar still productivity can be up to 9 kg/m{sup 2}, and the distillation efficiency is 87%. The unit cost for distilled water of this still is 25.6 US dollars/1000 gallons. (author)

  10. La teología política de Carl Schmitt. Una lectura desde su debate con Hans Kelsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge C. Restrepo Ramos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de teología política de Carl Schmitt ha sido leído desde diversas ópticas, usualmente restando importancia al debate que el autor sostiene con Hans Kelsen en torno a las teorías de la soberanía, el Estado y el Derecho. Aquí se propone resaltar ese debate y proponer una lectura de la obra de Schmitt, según la cual el tercer capítulo de Teología política contiene una tesis epistemológica opuesta al purismo kelseniano, cuyo alcance teórico es quizás más rico que una mera repetición de topoi reaccionarios, como lo sugieren las lecturas alternativas. Tras justificar esa lectura, el artículo se ocupa de las características específicas del concepto de teología política esbozado por Schmitt.

  11. La teología política de Carl Schmitt. Una lectura desde su debate con Hans Kelsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge C. Restrepo Ramos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de teología política de Carl Schmitt ha sido leído desde diversas ópticas, usualmente restando importancia al debate que el autor sostiene con Hans Kelsen en torno a las teorías de la soberanía, el Estado y el Derecho. Aquí se propone resaltar ese debate y proponer una lectura de la obra de Schmitt, según la cual el tercer capítulo de Teología política contiene una tesis epistemológica opuesta al purismo kelseniano, cuyo alcance teórico es quizás más rico que una mera repetición de topoi reaccionarios, como lo sugieren las lecturas alternativas. Tras justificar esa lectura, el artículo se ocupa de las características específicas del concepto de teología política esbozado por Schmitt.

  12. Carl Schmitt's attitude towards total war and total enemy on the eve of the outbreak of WWII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Aleksandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Carl Schmitt is usually perceived as the theorist of total state, total war and total hostility. In the article, the author however tries to show that from 1937 to 1944, Schmitt was arguing that total war and total hostility were dangerous for Germany (as well as for the rest of Europe and warned against perpetuation of all efforts to totalize enemy that started in 1914. In his theoretical endeavors in this period there was place for the total state only - and especially for the total state strong enough to resist temptation of declaring total war on total enemy. The total state he recommended Hitler and his Nazi comrades was German Reich, as a part of Europe ordered and divided in the huge spaces (Grossraumordnung. Positioned in the centre of Europe, between the rest of the powers (France, Italy, USSR as well as the Scandinavian states, Germany should be careful enough to wage war only against its Eastern enemies (Poland and maybe USSR and only in order to achieve 'just' borders. Occupying in this way its huge space Germany should devote itself to the task of exploitation of various peoples such as Poles, Chechs and Slovaks, which were perceived as incapable of having their states and doomed to serve the master race - the Germans.

  13. Carl von Rokitansky and the Italian translation of the Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie: a linguistic and doctrinal enigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castagnoli, L; Jonjic, N; Rizzardi, C; Melato, M

    2001-12-01

    Carl von Rokitansky was the author of a treatise that came out between 1842 and 1846 with the title Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie. A historical milestone in pathological anatomy, Rokitansky's work represented the first attempt to systematically classify pathological specimens. Its publication inevitably made a great impact on Vienna, at that time the major European medical centre. The Italian translation of Rokitansky's masterpiece, Trattato Completo di Anatomia Patologica, published in Venice in 1852, was carried out by Ricchetti and Fano: the former a philologist and the latter a Triestine physician who, in 1873, had worked at Simon Pertot's side, the first prosector to be assumed in Trieste. From the start, the two translators not only made no secret of the linguistic obstacles they came up against, but also how unconvincing Rokitansky's doctrines were; a scepticism emerged from their words that inevitably contributed to the realization of a translation difficult to read. Undoubtedly, Rokitansky elaborated a theory of disease containing a certain degree of unclarity and in this respect it is interesting to emphasize that even the English translation, Manual of Pathologic Anatomy (1849-1854), demonstrated similar conceptual problems. A convinced supporter of gross pathology, Rokitansky put forth a theory of disease, the so-called Krasenlehre, resting upon humoral doctrines. This new knowledge inevitably exerted a great influence over Viennese, as well as German, medicine. Rokitansky's humoral pathology survived until the 1850s, when it was attacked by young Virchow, the future, universally recognized, father of cellular pathology, who definitively extinguished speculative humoral pathology.

  14. [Carl Arthur Scheunert's experiments on human nutrition, 1938-1943: boundary transgressions of a scientist under national socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joost, Hans-Georg

    2012-01-01

    Carl Arthur Scheunert (1879-1957) was a German scientist who supervised several studies with prisoners that were designed to assess the optimal vitamin and nutrient supply, and were conducted by his associate Karl-Heinz Wagner (1911-2007) from 1938 to 1943. This contribution describes the aims, results and conclusions of Scheunert's research 1923 to 1945 in comparison with the national and international vitamin research and its consequences for public health measures. Conditions and results of the human experiments are reconstructed and compared with similar studies performed in other countries. Burden as well as health risks for the study participants are assessed. In addition, it is discussed whether general rules for human experimentation were followed (e.g. informed consent and minimizing of health risks). Although the available documents support the conclusion that no deaths or lasting injuries were caused, the experiments violated ethical standards, in particular because of the conditions in the Waldheim prison including progressive deterioration of nutrition and health.

  15. [A utopian episode - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the networks of the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kant, Horst; Renn, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was a key figure in the history of the Max Planck Society (MPS). This essay contextualises his work with the development of the MPS, highlighting the institutional and personal networks upon which it was based. Some of the stations addressed in the following are his role in the German Uranium Project, in preparing the Mainau Declaration, the Göttingen Manifesto, and the Memorandum of Tübingen as well as his involvement in the foundation of the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Human Development and his own MPI for the Research of Living Conditions in the Modern World located in Starnberg. The relationship between Weizsäcker and Hellmut Becker, long-time friend and founding director of the MPI for Human Development, will be of particular interest. Another issue broached here is the connection between natural science and the humanities in Weizsäcker's work, and subsequently the relation between these two science cultures in the MPS. Finally, we look at the challenges Weizsäcker's work could present to the MPS today.

  16. A PROBLEMÁTICA DA REPRESENTAÇÃO POLÍTICA NO PENSAMENTO DE CARL SCHMITT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Rossi

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available nosso trabalho será orientado sobre o conceito de representação política no pensamento de CarlSchmitt, ao aprofundar a leitura de sua sugestiva obra “Catolicismo e Forma Política”. Um dos pontosteóricos centrais constitui o modo em que o jurista analisa a matriz do catolicismo como a última forma derepresentação política em detrimento da matriz liberal, a qual é caracterizada especificamente na suadimensão economicista. Portanto, o esgotamento de toda possível representação consiste, para o jurista,nos valores econômicos carentes de autêntica representação. Do mesmo modo, o sugestivo do argumentode Schmitt para dar conta de tal esgotamento, se concentra na análise de três âmbitos que se implicammutuamente: metafísica, ética e política.

  17. The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960): a bio-bibliography and his collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boström, Sven; Holovachov, Oleksandr

    2017-02-20

    The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960) published 185 scientific papers on parasitic, terrestrial, limnic and especially marine nematodes between 1921 and 1960. Among them are also some papers on species of suctorians found mostly on desmodorid nematodes. He described about 70 new genera and over 800 new species and subspecies of nematodes. Allgén left a large collection of nematodes to the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm and it is now deposited in the invertebrate collection of the Zoology department. The collection comprises about 4500 slides in total, with about 310 slides containing type specimens collected from the Arctic to Antarctica. Allgén's publications have to a large extent been ignored by scientists working on marine nematodes, likely because of the poor quality of many of his species descriptions. The authors want to remind the scientific community about the existence of Allgén's collection, its availability for study and its importance for nematode taxonomy and systematics. A complete list of Allgén's publications, a list of all species described by him, and a list of type material available is presented.

  18. 27 CFR 24.301 - Bulk still wine record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bulk still wine record. 24..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Records and Reports § 24.301 Bulk still wine record. A proprietor who produces or receives still wine in bond, (including wine intended for use as distilling material or...

  19. Rapeseed is an efficient energy crop which can still improve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flenet Francis

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The ability of biofuels to contribute efficiently to the replacement of fossil energy and to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions has been a matter of debate. Hence, there is a need to assess accurately the energy balance of biofuels and their ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order to evaluate and to improve the benefit for society. In rapeseed, the energy ratio (energy produced per unit of non-renewable energy input is well above 2 whatever the method of calculation. In order to investigate the variability of energy ratios and to identify ways of improvement, a study was conducted in France in 2005 and 2006. The method of mass allocation of input energy was used for calculations, instead of the substitution method, because with this method the results do not depend on the utilization of co-products. Hence, this method is better adapted to follow improvements. A great variability in the energy ratio was observed in 2005 and 2006. Seed yields and energy cost of fertilizer N explained most of this variability. Hence, improvements should focus on increasing yield with little increase in energy cost, and on decreasing wasting of N fertilizer. However the farmer incomes, and the net production of energy per hectare, must also be a matter of concern. The inventories of greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels are still uncertain because of the great variability of soil emissions, due to environmental and management factors. Hence, in order to assess the effect of rapeseed on greenhouse gas emissions, methods based on process-oriented models accounting for these factors must be used. Such models give promising results, but further testing is still needed.

  20. From Genomes to Life to the Planet and the Cosmos: In Appreciation of Carl Sagan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benner, S. A.

    2002-12-01

    The Earth and life have evolved in tandem; It is impossible to separate the two over most of geologic time. Geological and geochemical processes create and define the conditions necessary for life. In turn, life has shaped geological processes in ways that are understood, and ways that are not yet understood. The reciprocal interaction between the planet and its inhabitants has driven changes in the molecules, metabolisms, and morphologies of terrean organisms. Today, with the emergence of complete genome sequences and tools from molecular biology, we are now better able, more than ever before, to tell stories of how we came to be, on a planet and in a cosmos that has both nourished us and (from time to time) threatened to extinguish us. The stories to be told in this talk combine information from the geological and paleontological records, analysis of genome sequence data, and experiments that resurrect ancient, extinct life forms for study in the laboratory. The talk will emphasize the non-recurring, progressive feature of the dance between Earth and Life. We will show how the emergence of humans was influenced by the environment, and how humans placed their irreversible mark on the genes of organisms that they touched. We will show how the global environmental crisis that began in the Oligocene irreversibly transformed the plant and animal kingdoms. We will proceed back to the Cretaceous, to explore how plants and dinosaurs influenced each other, and the genomes of surviving fungus and flies. From there we will go to the Jurassic, as the first placental mammals reconstructed their reproductive systems in response to the planetary changes. We will ask how cosmic events, from asteroids to supernova, may have influenced life on Earth. We will ask what consequential features of life that we see around us might be unique to Earth, and what features might be found universally in life elsewhere. The talk will also review some of the methodological issues associated

  1. Still's Disease in a Pediatric Patient after Liver Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan-Carlos Meza

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Still's disease (SD is a multisystemic inflammatory disease characterized by persistent arthritis and in many cases with fever of unknown origin. Diagnosis of SD is challenging because of nonspecific characteristics and especially in the case of a patient with solid organ transplantation and immunosuppressive therapy where multiple causes of fever are possible. There is no diagnostic test for SD, even though some useful diagnostic criteria or laboratory findings, such as serum ferritin levels, have been proposed, and useful imaging studies for the diagnosis or followup of SD have not been developed. We report the case of a 9-year-old child who presented with high grade fever associated with joint pain after a history of liver transplantation and immunosuppressive therapy. Laboratory tests showed increased acute phase reactants, elevated ferritin, and leukocytosis. An 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET was performed identifying abnormal hypermetabolic areas localized in spleen, transplanted liver, and bone marrow secondary to inflammatory process. All infectious, autoimmune, and malignant causes were ruled out. A diagnosis of SD was performed and a steroid-based regimen was initiated with adequate response and no evidence of recurrence. To our knowledge this is the first case of SD following a solid organ transplant.

  2. 27 CFR 26.52 - Still wines containing carbon dioxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... carbon dioxide. 26.52 Section 26.52 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Formulas for Products From Puerto Rico § 26.52 Still wines containing carbon dioxide. (a) General. Still wines may contain not more than 0.392 gram of carbon dioxide per 100 milliliters of wine;...

  3. 27 CFR 26.222 - Still wines containing carbon dioxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... carbon dioxide. 26.222 Section 26.222 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Formulas for Products From the Virgin Islands § 26.222 Still wines containing carbon dioxide. (a) General. Still wines may contain not more than 0.392 gram of carbon dioxide per 100 milliliters of...

  4. Simplified procedure for determining of drop and stilling basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali R. Vatankhah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Drops are used to effectively dissipate the surplus energy of the water flow. A closed conduit drop conveys water and stills it at its downstream. I-type pipe drop is one kind of the closed conduit drops which is used in irrigation networks as a typical hydraulic structure. Sump elevation is an important design parameter for I-type pipe drop. Similarly, in supercritical flow structures, such as open channel chutes, determination of stilling basin invert elevation is very important. At present, these key design parameters are determined by the momentum and energy equations using tedious trial-and-error procedure. In this study, square conduit drop, pipe drop, and rectangular stilling basin are considered, and three explicit equations have been developed by (multiple nonlinear regression technique to determine the sump and stilling basin invert elevations. Being very simple and accurate, these equations can be easily used to design the closed conduit drops and stilling basins by hydraulic engineers.

  5. Study on stepped type basin in a solar still

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Alaudeen

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work a stepped solar still is used to enhance the productivity of the solar still. The concept of integrating the stepped solar still along with inclined flat plate collector is introduced in this research work. In this stepped type solar still, a conventional basin of area 1 m2, was placed at the bottom. Another absorber plate, stepped type was fixed on the top of the conventional basin. It consists of subsequent trays and inclined flat plate collectors. This ensures an additional exposure area which augments the evaporation rate. Experiments were conducted with various depths in the conventional basin. A conventional still was fabricated and run parallel with the experimental set up for comparison. Sensible heat storage mediums such as rocks, pebbles were added to the top basin of stepped trays and bottom conventional basins to increase the temperature of water in the still. Wicks were placed on the inclined flat plate collector to augment the evaporation rate due to capillarity. A higher evaporation rate is obtained in the packing material with wicks and pebbles in tray combinations. Theoretical analysis was performed and it agrees with experimental values. Efficiency of the system was also compared with conventional solar still.

  6. Applications of the Wittig-Still rearrangement in organic synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rycek, Lukas; Hudlicky, Tomas

    2017-02-16

    This review traces the discovery of the Wittig-Still rearrangement and its applications in organic synthesis. Its relationship to Wittig rearrangements is discussed along with detailed analysis of E/Z- and diastereoselectivity. Modifications of the products arising from the Wittig-Still rearrangement are reviewed in the context of increased complexity in intermediates potentially useful in target oriented synthesis. Early applications of the Wittig-Still rearrangement to modifications of steroids are reviewed as are applications to various terpene and alkaloid natural product targets and miscellaneous compounds. To the best of our knowledge, the literature is covered through December 2016.

  7. Developments in solar still desalination systems: A critical review

    KAUST Repository

    Ayoub, George M.

    2012-10-01

    Solar still desalination uses a sustainable and pollution-free source to produce high-quality water. The main limitation is low productivity and this has been the focus of intensive research. A major concern while increasing productivity is to maintain economic feasibility and simplicity. The authors present a critical review of the research work conducted on solar stills development. Studies addressing each parameter of concern are grouped together and results compared. Novelty in design and newly introduced features are presented. Modeling efforts of flow circulation within the still and methods to estimate internal heat transfer coefficients are discussed and future research needs are outlined. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  8. 避孕药之父:卡尔·杰拉西%The father of Pill:Carl Djerassi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴吾三

    2015-01-01

    卡尔•杰拉西(1923—2015),著名科学家、作家,对研发口服避孕药作出重要贡献。1923年10月29日生于维也纳,1939年12月随母移居美国。先后就读于多所学校,1945年在威斯康星大学获有机化学博士学位。1949年入墨西哥的辛泰克斯公司任研究副主管,他和团队成功研制出第一种合成类固醇口服避孕药。1968年在斯坦福大学工业园创建佐伊肯公司,研究昆虫控制方法。杰拉西一生获奖无数,包括美国国家科学奖(1973年,避孕药方面的贡献);美国国家技术奖(1991年,昆虫控制方面的贡献)等。晚年进行文学创作,出版了5部小说,3部剧本。%Carl Djerassi (1923—2015), renowned scientist, writer, best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills. He was born in Vienna in October 29, 1923, arrived with his mother in the United States in December 1939, studied at several schools, and earned his Ph. D. at the University of Wisconsin in organic chemistry in 1945. In 1949 Djerassi became associate director of research at Syntex in Mexico City, his team later synthesized norethindrone that became part of one of thefirst successful combined oral contraceptive pills. In 1968, he created Zoecon company and studied on insect control method at industrial park of Stanford University. Djerassi won numerousawards during his career including: the National Medal of Science (1973) for his work on the contraceptive pill; the National Medal of Technology (1991) for his initiatives in developing novel, practical approaches to insect control products that are biodegradable and harmless. In his later years, Djerassi devoted himself to literary creation, publishedfive novels and three plays.

  9. America's First Carl Sagan: Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel, Pre-Civil War Astronomer and Lecturer on the Cosmos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    2002-12-01

    In the years before television, videos, radio. movies, or even loudspeakers, Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel (1809-1862) was the best-known popularizer of astronomy and the scientific study of the universe in nineteenth-century America. Each winter he traveled the country by railroad, steamer, and stagecoach, speaking to large paying crowds in principal cities from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia through Cincinnati to New Orleans on the cosmos and our place in it, with special attention to possible inhabitants of planers orbiting other stars. Mitchel had much the same attraction as Sagan did in our time, and awakened many people's interest in astronomy through the human angle, as Carl did. His argument was simple, and according to Frank Triplett goes back thousands of years: other stars are suns, our sun has planets with people on one of them, why should not other stars also have populated planets? But first Mitchel, like Sagan, always explained clearly the discoveries of astronomy that fleshed out this argument with facts. He emphasized the ``clockwork universe", governed by gravity, that Newton, Herschel, and Laplace had investigated and found to be stable. There were many other similarities between these two great popularizers. Mitchel's base was the Cincinnati Observatory, which he had founded, raising the funds for it himself in small contributions from hundreds of ``members", which he publicised as far more democratic than support from European kings and lords. He went abroad to get a telescope, and finally found his ``Great [12-inch] Refractor" in Munich, with help from John Quincy Adams, Astronomer Royal George Biddle Airy, and Paris Observatory Director Fracois Arago, in spite of a rebuff by President John Tyler. These episodes have similarities in Sagan's lobbying NASA for close-up images of Mars. Views of other American professional astronomers on life on other worlds will also be described briefly, from Denison Olmsted, Elias Loomis, Charles A. Young (who

  10. Some Melanoma Survivors Still Seek Out the Sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163887.html Some Melanoma Survivors Still Seek Out the Sun 1 in ... Even after surviving the potentially deadly skin cancer melanoma, some people continue to go out in the ...

  11. Living Well with Lupus: Can I Still Plan a Pregnancy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... well with lupus Can I still plan a pregnancy? Pregnancy is no longer considered an impossibility if ... History or presence of antiphospholipid antibodies Planning Your Pregnancy Although many lupus pregnancies will have no complications, ...

  12. Zunyi Molybdenum & Nickel Mining Enterprises Are Still in Suspension Status

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    According to the 2015 mid-year report of Tiancheng Holding,because Guizhou Province is still enforcing policy regulation&environmental; protection policy for molybdenum&nickel; mining industry,currently all molybdenum and nickel mining

  13. Freedom of expression: still a precondition for democracy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. McGonagle

    2015-01-01

    This conference report was written in the capacity of General Rapporteur for the Council of Europe Conference, 'Freedom of Expression: Still a Precondition for Democracy?', Strasbourg, 13-14 October 2015.

  14. Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162835.html Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment ... 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Newly updated guidelines reaffirm that metformin is the first-line drug for people with ...

  15. 13% Americans Still Poor(高三适用)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王为成

    2000-01-01

    WASHINGTON- Almost 13 per cent of Americans still live in poverty in spite of a slight decrease in their numbers last year and a rise in average house hold income, the Census Bureau(统计局) reported last week.

  16. Women in mining still exploited and sexually harassed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doret Botha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Globally, women have become an essential part of the mining workforce. Among other jobs, they fulfil management positions, operate heavy machinery and are involved in artisanal mining processes. In South Africa, new mining legislation not only prohibits the exclusion of women but requires from companies to actively change the demographic profile of their workforce. Mining companies are obliged to also employ women in core mining activities. Although well intended, women appointed in core positions work side by side with men, often in isolation, and are frequently at risk of sexual abuse and/or harassment.Research purpose: This research determined perceptions regarding the occurrence of sexual harassment among women working in core mining positions.Motivation for the study: Currently, there is a paucity of published data on the occurrence of sexual harassment in the mining industry.Method: A mixed-method research design was used including quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. Quantitative data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire. Qualitative data were collected by means of individual and group interviews.Main findings: From the literature review and the empirical findings, it is evident that women are still exploited and sexually harassed in the mining industry. Incidents taking place on a daily basis vary from whistling; name calling; use of vulgar or derogatory language; display of body parts; physical contact, ranging from touching to sexual assault and rape; to the exchange of sexual favours for promotion.Practical/managerial implications: It is evident from the research that a holistic approach is required to effectively eradicate sexual harassment in the mining industry, involving the commitment of relevant state departments, human resource managers and labour experts.Contribution: Practical recommendations are made to effectively address sexual harassment in the mining industry.

  17. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Isnard

    Full Text Available Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs. This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  18. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isnard, Vincent; Taffou, Marine; Viaud-Delmon, Isabelle; Suied, Clara

    2016-01-01

    Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second) could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs). This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  19. Adult Onset Still's Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persad, Paul; Patel, Rajendrakumar; Patel, Niki

    2010-01-01

    Adult Still's Disease was first described in 1971 by Bywaters in fourteen adult female patients who presented with symptoms indistinguishable from that of classic childhood Still's Disease (Bywaters, 1971). George Still in 1896 first recognized this triad of quotidian (daily) fevers, evanescent rash, and arthritis in children with what later became known as juvenile inflammatory arthritis (Still, 1990). Adult Onset Still's Disease (AOSD) is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology characterized by an evanescent rash, quotidian fevers, and arthralgias. Numerous infectious agents have been associated with its presentation. This case is to our knowledge the first presentation of AOSD in the setting of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Although numerous infectious agents have been suggested, the etiology of this disorder remains elusive. Nevertheless, infection may in fact play a role in triggering the onset of symptoms in those with this disorder. Our case presentation is, to our knowledge, the first case of Adult Onset Still's Disease associated with Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). PMID:20811570

  20. Adult Onset Still's Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Persad

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Adult Still's Disease was first described in 1971 by Bywaters in fourteen adult female patients who presented with symptoms indistinguishable from that of classic childhood Still's Disease (Bywaters, 1971. George Still in 1896 first recognized this triad of quotidian (daily fevers, evanescent rash, and arthritis in children with what later became known as juvenile inflammatory arthritis (Still, 1990. Adult Onset Still's Disease (AOSD is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology characterized by an evanescent rash, quotidian fevers, and arthralgias. Numerous infectious agents have been associated with its presentation. This case is to our knowledge the first presentation of AOSD in the setting of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Although numerous infectious agents have been suggested, the etiology of this disorder remains elusive. Nevertheless, infection may in fact play a role in triggering the onset of symptoms in those with this disorder. Our case presentation is, to our knowledge, the first case of Adult Onset Still's Disease associated with Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF.

  1. Impacts of wind stilling on solar radiation variability in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Changgui; Yang, Kun; Huang, Jianping; Tang, Wenjun; Qin, Jun; Niu, Xiaolei; Chen, Yingying; Chen, Deliang; Lu, Ning; Fu, Rong

    2015-01-01

    Solar dimming and wind stilling (slowdown) are two outstanding climate changes occurred in China over the last four decades. The wind stilling may have suppressed the dispersion of aerosols and amplified the impact of aerosol emission on solar dimming. However, there is a lack of long-term aerosol monitoring and associated study in China to confirm this hypothesis. Here, long-term meteorological data at weather stations combined with short-term aerosol data were used to assess this hypothesis. It was found that surface solar radiation (SSR) decreased considerably with wind stilling in heavily polluted regions at a daily scale, indicating that wind stilling can considerably amplify the aerosol extinction effect on SSR. A threshold value of 3.5 m/s for wind speed is required to effectively reduce aerosols concentration. From this SSR dependence on wind speed, we further derived proxies to quantify aerosol emission and wind stilling amplification effects on SSR variations at a decadal scale. The results show that aerosol emission accounted for approximately 20% of the typical solar dimming in China, which was amplified by approximately 20% by wind stilling.

  2. Carl Sagan's Cosmic Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagan, Carl; Agel, Jerome

    2000-08-01

    Foreword Freeman Dyson; Personal reflections Ann Druyan; Preface; Part I. Cosmic Perspective: 1. A transitional animal; 2. The Unicorn of Cetus; 3. A message from earth; 4. A message to earth; 5. Experiments in utopias; 6. Chauvinism; 7. Space exploration as a human enterprise I. The scientific interest; 8. Space exploration as a human enterprise II. The public interest; 9. Space exploration as a human enterprise III. The historical interest; Part II. The Solar System: 10. On teaching the first grade; 11. 'The ancient and legendary Gods of old'; 12. The Venus detective story; 13. Venus is hell; 14. Science and 'intelligence'; 15. The moons of Barsoom; 16. The mountains of Mars I. Observations from earth; 17. The mountains of Mars II. Observations from space; 18. The canals of Mars; 19. The lost pictures of Mars; 20. The Ice Age and the cauldron; 21. Beginnings and ends of the Earth; 22. Terraforming the plants; 23. The exploration and utlization of the solar system; Part III. Beyond the Solar System: 24. Some of my best friends are dolphins; 25. 'Hello, central casting? Send me twenty extraterrestrials'; 26. The cosmic connection; 27. Extraterrestrial life: an idea whose time has come; 28. Has the Earth been visited?; 29. A search strategy for detecting extraterrestrial intelligence; 30. If we succeed 31. Cables, drums, and seashells; 32. The night freight to the stars; 33. Astroengineering; 34. Twenty questions: a classification of cosmic civilisations; 35. Galactic cultural exchanges; 36. A passage to elsewhere; 37. Starfolk I. A Fable; 38. Starfolk II. A future; 39. Starfolk III. The cosmic Cheshire cats; Epilog David Morrison; Index.

  3. Carl Ottos forbryderhoveder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Anja Skaar

    2004-01-01

    Frenologiens fremkomst i Danmark i første halvdel af 1800-tallet er en spændende og ikke mindst underholdende historie, fordi den involverer mange fremtrædende personer i datidens medicinske og videnskabelige kredse samt i det københavnske samfund mere generelt. Diskussionerne omkring denne ”vide...

  4. Combustion-Driven Oscillation in Process Heaters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seebold, J.G. [Chevron Corporation (Retired), 198 James Avenue, Atherton, CA 94027 (United States)

    2005-10-15

    At this moment in thousands of process heaters all over the world there are, to borrow a phrase from the late Carl Sagan, 'billions and billions' of Btu/hr beneficially being released entirely free of pulsation. On those few occasions, perhaps a dozen and a half in my career, when I would get the inevitable 'Why me?' call, I have generally responsed with something like, 'Consider yourself lucky, you have a rare scientific curiosity on your hands'. Reflecting on the solutions ultimately found, I'm reminded that many years ago my friend Abbott Putnam shared with me an early AGA (American Gas Association) field-service bulletin that included a prescription for eliminating combustion-driven oscillations in home heating units; viz., 'Drill a hole; if that doesn't work, drill another hole' or words to that effect. Many times have I wished that I still had a copy of that bulletin and in this paper we will have occasion, once again, to reflect upon the value of that advice. In this paper we will discuss an instance that arose in a pioneering installation of a breakthrough development of 'extremely', to distinguish it from 'ultra', low-NOx lean premix burner technology. We will illustrate how, when and under what circumstances combustion-driven oscillation can arise; we will touch on the many alternatives for its elimination that were considered and investigated; and we will discuss three practical alternatives for eliminating combustion-driven oscillations.

  5. Evaluating thermal performance of a single slope solar still

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badran, Omar O.; Abu-Khader, Mazen M.

    2007-08-01

    The distillation is one of the important methods of getting clean water from brackish and sea water using the free energy supply from the sun. An experimental work is conducted on a single slope solar still. The thermal performance of the single slope solar still is examined and evaluated through implementing the following effective parameters: (a) different insulation thicknesses of 1, 2.5 and 5 cm; (b) water depth of 2 and 3.5 cm; (c) solar intensity; (d) Overall heat loss coefficient (e) effective absorbtivity and transmissivity; and (f) ambient, water and vapor temperatures. Different effective parameters should be taken into account to increase the still productivity. A mathematical model is presented and compared with experimental results. The model gives a good match with experimental values.

  6. Multilingual artificial text detection and extraction from still images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Ahsen; Abidi, Ali; Siddiqi, Imran

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we present a novel method for multilingual artificial text extraction from still images. We propose a lexicon independent, block based technique that employs a combination of spatial transforms, texture, edge and, gradient based operations to detect unconstrained textual regions from still images. Finally, some morphological and geometrical constraints are applied for fine localization of textual content. The proposed method was evaluated on two standard and three custom developed datasets comprising a wide variety of images with artificial text occurrences in five different languages namely English, Urdu, Arabic, Chinese and Hindi.

  7. Ilse von zur Mühlen. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. / Anja Wilhelmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilhelmi, Anja, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Mühlen, Ilse von zur. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. (1. Dezember 2012 bis 14. April 2013), Lindenberg i. Allgäu 2012

  8. Experimental optimisation of a solar still: application to alcohol distillation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meukam, P. [Laboratoire d' Energetique, ENSP, Universite de Yaounde, Yaounde (Cameroon); Njomo, D. [Laboratoire de Thermique Energetique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Yaounde, Yaounde (Cameroon); Gbane, A.; Toure, S. [Laboratoire d' Energie Solaire, Universite de Cocody, Abidjan, Cote d' Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents an experimental study of two solar stills, a single-compartment model and a two-compartment type. The single-compartment still is optimized under local climatic conditions. An experimental study of the cover slope shows that a cover angle of 16{sup o} ensures a very good transmission of solar radiation within the still while preventing the drops of the distillate to fall into the basin. In the prototype using two compartments, the glass of the illuminated compartment is a transparent cover with a part of the condensation happening on it, while the other compartment, also made of glass, is covered with a non-transparent material, which shades the sun; it is used only as a condenser. It has been observed that the distillation of a 38% alcohol initial solution yields a product containing 48% of alcohol when using the single-cover model, while under the same climatic conditions the two-compartment still gives a 71% alcohol distillate. (author)

  9. Practice of contraception in this modern world: still a myth?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reeta Bansiwal

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: Practice of contraception is still a myth. There is a great need to strengthen the awareness among people by various programmes and the target group should be both males and females. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(3.000: 674-677

  10. Americans with High Blood Pressure Still Eating Too Much Salt

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163977.html Americans With High Blood Pressure Still Eating Too Much Salt Average sodium intake ... March 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For Americans with high blood pressure, cutting back on salt is an important way ...

  11. Guantanamo Detention Facility - Why is it Still There

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    the detainees, dressed in orange jumpsuits, kneeling on the ground, being held in “ dog kennels” - a perception that to this day is still seen by...regular basis. They enjoy exceptional first-rate medical care, including access to specialists in cardiology , orthopedics, and prosthetics; the

  12. Neonatal pain management: Still in search of the Holy Grail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Allegaert (Karel); J.N. van den Anker (John)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractInadequate pain management but also inappropriate use of analgesics in early infancy has negative effects on neuro-developmental outcome. As a consequence, neonatal pain management is still in search for the Holy Grail. At best, effective pain management is based on prevention, assessmen

  13. Automatic real and apparent age estimation in still images

    OpenAIRE

    Pardo Garcia, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    We performed a study on age estimation via still images creating a new face image database containing real age and apparent age label annotations. Two age estimation methods are proposed using the state of the art techniques and analyse their performance with the proposed database.

  14. Why STEM Fields Still Don't Draw More Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coger, Robin N.; Cuny, Jan; Klawe, Maria; McGann, Matt; Purcell, Karen D.

    2012-01-01

    There have been many efforts in recent years to draw more women into STEM fields. While women have made gains, they are still far less likely than men to major in such fields, especially engineering and computer science. Why? This article presents the responses and the thoughts of a group of scholars and experts.

  15. A solar still desalination system with enhanced productivity

    KAUST Repository

    Ayoub, George M.

    2014-07-10

    Abstract: Increasing the productivity of solar stills has been the focus of intensive research. Many introduced developments, however, require complex components and entail notable increases in cost and land requirements. Developing a compact, productive, and easy-to-operate system is a main challenge. This paper describes a sustainable modification of the solar still that significantly enhances its productivity without forsaking its basic features. A simple amendment in the form of a slowly rotating drum is introduced allowing the formation of thin water films that evaporate rapidly and are continually renewed. The performance of this system was compared against a control without the introduced drum. Throughout the experiment, the new system gave considerably higher yield than the control with an average increase in daily productivity of 200%. Moreover, during sunshine hours, the increase in yield could surpass 6–8 times that of the control. Important parameters such as ease of handling, material availability, efficacy, low cost, safe water quality, and space conservation are maintained. One side-benefit of this design is solving stagnation problems that usually develop in conventional stills. The new simple modification in this study presents a cost-effective and efficient design to solar stills especially in areas with abundant sunshine.

  16. Do We (Still) Need the Concept of "Bildung"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masschelein, Jan; Ricken, Norbert

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the authors deal with the question whether the concept of "Bildung" or "cultivation/edification" is still a concept which one can use to analyse and criticise actual developments in the field of education (both in thought/discourse and in action/technique) which are themselves related to broader social transformations often…

  17. Postmodern Critiques Still Challenge the Study of Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Ella

    2013-01-01

    In this introduction, I argue that the postmodern challenge analyzed by Armin W. Geertz in his paper from 2000 still poses a fundamental challenge in the contemporary study of religion. My own field studies among the Chumash Indians of South-central California in 2010 illustrate how postmodernity...

  18. Still Rise%我依然崛起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maya Angelou

    2009-01-01

    You may write me down in history With your bitter, twisted lies, You may trod me in the very dirt But still, like dust, I'll rise. Does my sassiness upset you? Why are you beset with gloom? 'Cause I walk like I've got oil wells Pumping in my living room.

  19. Particle image velocimetry measurements of vortex structures in stilling basin of multi-horizontal submerged jets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jian-gang; ZHANG Jian-min; XU Wei-lin; LI Shuai; HE Xiao-long

    2013-01-01

    Measurements of turbulent flow fields in a stilling basin of multi-horizontal submerged jets were made with the singlecamera Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV).The particle images were captured,processed,and subsequently used to characterize the flow in terms of the 2-D velocity and vorticity distributions.This study shows that the maximum close-to-bed velocity in the stilling basin is approximately reduced by 60%,comparing to the jet velocity at the outlet of orifices.The jet velocity is distributed evenly at the latter half of the stilling basin and the time-averaged velocity of the cross section is reduced by 77%-85%,comparing to the jet velocity at the outlet of orifices.These results show that the vortices with horizontal axes are continuously repeated during the form-merge-split-disappear process.The vertical vortices are continuously formed and disappeared,they appear randomly near the slab and intermittently reach the slab of the stilling basin.The range of these vortices is small.Vortices with horizontal axes and vertical vortices do not coincide in space and the vortices with horizontal axes only affect the position of the tail of the vertical vortices attached to the slab of the stilling basin.

  20. Decisionismo e Hermenêutica Negativa: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen e a afirmação do poder no ato interpretativo do direito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andityas Soares de Moura Costa Matos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2013v34n67p111O presente artigo pretende refletir sobre as teorias da interpretação jurídica nas obras de Carl Schmitt e Hans Kelsen, demonstrando que, muito embora assumam diferentes sentidos do decisionismo, acabam por gerar uma hermenêutica negativa. Para tanto, analisa-se a obra de Schmitt nos anos de 1910, período ainda marcado por um enfoque neokantiano; nos anos de 1920, no contexto da crise de Weimar; e nos anos de 1930, quando Schmitt adere ao nacional-socialismo. No que diz respeito a Kelsen, privilegia-se as duas edições da Teoria Pura do Direito (1934 e 1960. Como conclusão, percebe-se a insuficiência da hermenêutica negativa.

  1. [The "utopian" national socialism - a mutual dispute in the philosophy of Martin Heidegger and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schäfer, Wolf

    2014-01-01

    In a letter to his wife from October 14, 1943, Werner Heisenberg describes a fierce clash with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. The sudden conflict raises numerous questions, two of which are tackled here. First: How is now the friendly relationship between Heisenberg and Weizsäcker in the postwar years to be understood? The answer is: as a strategic performance. Second: How are the radical opinions to be explained that Weizsäcker expressed at the time? A thorough reconstruction of the lifelong connection that Weizsäcker maintained with Martin Heidegger and Heidegger's philosophy gives the answer: the young Weizsäcker was fired up by the "utopian" National Socialism with which Heidegger trumped the real existing.

  2. "Todos son genios". La crítica a la estetización de la acción política en Carl Schmitt.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Ramírez.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Political Romanticism, a work from 1919, Carl Schmitt interprets German romanticism as a “metaphysic” in which aesthetic concepts become the guiding concepts of all human activity. On this basis, he analyses and criticizes the effects of the expansion of aesthetic concerns on political action. This essay reconstructs Schmitt’s argument as a conceptual-historical genealogy of a modern discursive formation from which, as a by-product, a form of subjectivity now present in advanced capitalist societies was constituted. By contrasting Schmitt’s concept of the political in Political Romanticism with various works of contemporary sociology (Boltanski, Lipovetsky, Schulze, the article concludes by pointing out the political phenomena that are linked to the diffusion of this type of subjectivity.

  3. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) with description of a new genus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A

    2013-01-01

    The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813) is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813) is proposed. A key to the known South African genera of the tribe is given. The following new synonymies are established: Oxystoma craccae (Linnaeus, 1767) = Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813 syn. n., Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion) loti (Kirby, 1808) = Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815, syn. n., and Pseudoprotapion astragali (Paykull, 1800) = Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815, syn. n.

  4. Nomina dubia in the genus Theridion resulting from errors in instalment six of Carl Wilhelm Hahn’s “Monographie der Spinnen” (Araneae: Theridiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available An overlooked error in the correlation of new scientific names with the spider images on plate 4 in Carl Wilhelm Hahn’s sixth instalment of his book ”Monographie der Spinnen” led to the notion that at least two of the spiders illustrated on plate 4 cannot be identified and their names are nomina dubia. Here, I draw attention to the fact that, if the names are re-aligned to the images in a meaningful way, then at least three spiders on plate 4 can be identified. Theridion rufipes sensu Hahn is a synonym of Gongylidium rufipes (Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. conf.. In particular, the previous nomen dubium Theridion tibiale Hahn, 1831 is a senior synonym of Lasaeola tristis (Hahn, 1833 (syn. nov.. Evidence is presented that the junior synonym is in prevailing usage and the senior synonym is therefore regarded as nomen oblitum.

  5. Hobbes, les pirates et les corsaires. Le « Léviathan échoué » selon Carl Schmitt

    OpenAIRE

    Dominique Weber

    2005-01-01

    Parmi les nombreux problèmes que pose l’ouvrage de Carl Schmitt Le Léviathan dans la doctrine de l’État de Thomas Hobbes, il en est un, majeur, qui concerne l’utilisation de la « mythologie politique » pour expliquer la réalité ou les doctrines politiques. Il y a là, à n’en pas douter, l’expression de l’un des versants de l’irrationalisme de Schmitt. La thèse de l’auteur est très claire : parce que Hobbes ne possédait aucun « sens mythologique », il s’est trompé de monstre biblique, appelant ...

  6. ["The hard core". Science between politics and philosophy by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and in the finalization theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krohn, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    In the Starnberg Max-Planck Institute one of the working groups was concerned with science as the formative condition--or "hard core"--of societal modernity, and with science as potential resource for solving social problems and addressing future goals. More precisely, the group intended to differentiate between phases in which scientific disciplines predominantly care for their own paradigmatic completion and those allowing their theoretical potential resonate with external needs. The conceptual model was coined "finalization in science". It soon provoked a heated controversy on the dangers of social control of science. The paper analyses Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's views on the relation between philosophy and policy of science including his interpretation of Thomas Kuhn and reconstructs the impact of his ideas on the finalization model. It finally reflects on the relationship between science development and change of consciousness in the context of scientific responsibility for (the use of) research outcomes.

  7. Automatization Project for the Carl-Zeiss-Jena Coudè Telescope of the Simón Bolívar Planetarium I. The Electro-Mechanic System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, A.; Maharaj, A.; Muñoz, A. G.

    2009-05-01

    The ``Complejo Científico, Cultural y Turístico Simón Bolívar'' (CCCTSB), located in Maracaibo, Venezuela, lodges the Simón Bolívar Planetarium and an 150 mm aperture, 2250 mm focal length Carl-Zeiss-Jena Coudè refractor telescope. In this work we discuss the schematics for the automatization project of this Telescope, the planned improvements, methodology, engines, micro-controllers, interfaces and the uptodate status of the project. This project is working on the first two levels of the automation pyramid, the sensor -- actuator level and the control or Plant floor level. The Process control level correspond to the software related section. This mean that this project work immediately with the electrical, electronic and mechanical stuffs, and with the assembler micro controller language. All the pc related stuff, like GUI (Graphic user interfaces), remote control, Grid database, and others, correspond to the next two automation pyramid levels. The idea is that little human intervention will be required to manipulate the telescope, only giving a pair of coordinates to ubicate and follow an object on the sky. A set of three servomotors, coupling it with the telescope with a gear box, are going to manipulate right ascension, declination and focus movement. For the dome rotation, a three phase induction motor will be used. For dome aperture/closure it is suggested a DC motor powered with solar panels. All those actuators are controlled by a 8 bits micro-controller, which receive the coordinate imput, the signal from the position sensors and have the PID control algorithm. This algorithm is tuned based on the mathematical model of the telescope electro-mechanical instrumentation.

  8. Chinese film industry still has a long way to go

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mi Haiyan

    2012-01-01

    As the autumn gradually goes by, comments and reviews of the summer period films began to flourish. Positive ones give preference to Hollywood blockbusters such as Harry Porter, The Bourn Ultimatum and some others, negative comments, being unanimous and quantitative, target the Chinese-made films as generally secondary, less dramatic and boring. (Kilday,2007) The latter comments, though not totally correct, still sounds reasonable. Take the summer period box office for example, the total ticket office in North America is 4.3 billion dollars while it is 1 billion RMB in mainland China among which the imported films take up almost half. (Bai Qing,2007)Facing such a sharp contrast, we can do nothing but admit objectively that Chinese film industry still has a long way to go.

  9. Not to declare dead someone still alive: Case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anđelić Slađana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Diagnosing death represents an activity that carries a great deal of public responsibility for medical professionals and is continually exposed to the control of citizens and media. Although this is a taboo subject in medical circles, unfortunately in medical practice there are situations when the physician issues a death diagnosis form without even examining the person or for an already buried person. Such physician’s action is impermissible and it leads to the possibility of professional and criminal law punishment. Case Outline. By giving examples from practice, we wish to point out the need for exceptional caution when confirming and diagnosing death in order to diagnose the true, i.e. rule out apparent death and consequently avoid the mistake of declaring dead someone still alive. Conclusion. When confirming and declaring death, exceptional caution of the physician is necessary so as not to declare dead someone still alive!

  10. 2D gels still have a niche in proteomics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rogowska-Wrzesinska, Adelina; Le Bihan, Marie-Catherine; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten;

    2013-01-01

    ) alternative detection methods for modification specific proteomics; 3) identification of protein isoforms and modified proteins. With an example of the glycoprotein TIMP-1 protein we illustrate the unique properties of 2D gels for the separation and characterisation of multiply modified proteins. We also show......With the rapid advance of MS-based proteomics one might think that 2D gel-based proteomics is dead. This is far from the truth. Current research has shown that there are still a number of places in the field of protein and molecular biology where 2D gels still play a leading role. The aim...... of this review is to highlight some of these applications. Examples from our own research as well as from other published works are used to illustrate the 2D gel driven research in the areas of: 1) de novo sequencing and protein identification from organisms with no or incomplete genome sequences available; 2...

  11. Vygotsky in english: what still needs to be done.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veer, René; Yasnitsky, Anton

    2011-12-01

    At present readers of English have still limited access to Vygotsky's writings. Existing translations are marred by mistakes and outright falsifications. Analyses of Vygotsky's work tend to downplay the collaborative and experimental nature of his research. Several suggestions are made to improve this situation. New translations are certainly needed and new analyses should pay attention to the contextual nature of Vygotsky's thinking and research practice.

  12. Steady–State Exergy Analysis of a Simple Solar Still

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Cervantes–de Gortari.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a steady–state, theoretical exergy analysis of a solar still, focused on the exergy flows in the components of the still: collector plate, brine and glass cover. The analytical approach states an energy balance for each component resulting in three coupled equations where three parameters –solar irradiance, ambient temperature and insulation thickness– are studied. The energy balances are solved to find temperatures of each component; these temperatures are used to compute energy and exergy flows. Results in the steady–state regime show that the collector transports 13% of incident radiation exergy to the heat the brine, while in the brine the evaporation exergy accounts for the 6% of total exergy. Exergy/energy ratio shows that the most efficient component is the brine reaching more than 90% for almost any value of the parameters under study, while the collector has a 23% exergy/energy ratio for a 1,000 W/m2 solar energy input. The solar still is a device that uses efficiently the heating of a collector and the general discussion about its promotion should not, as it must be with almost every other solar device, be about thermodynamic limitations.

  13. Neonatal pain management: still in search for the Holy Grail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allegaert, Karel; van den Anker, John N

    2016-07-01

    Inadequate pain management but also inappropriate use of analgesics in early infancy has negative effects on neurodevelopmental outcome. As a consequence, neonatal pain management is still in search for the Holy Grail. At best, effective pain management is based on prevention, assessment, and treatment followed by a re-assessment of the pain to determine if additional treatment is still necessary. Unfortunately, epidemiological observations suggest that neonates are undergoing painful procedures very frequently, unveiling the need for effective preventive, non-pharmacological strategies. In addition, assessment is still based on validated, multimodal, but subjective pain assessment tools. Finally, in neonatal intensive care units, there is a shift in clinical practices (e.g., shorter intubation and ventilation), and this necessitates the development and validation of new pharmacological treatment modalities. To illustrate this, a shift in the use of opioids to paracetamol has occurred and short-acting agents (remifentanil, propofol) are more commonly administered to neonates. In addition to these new modalities and as part of a more advanced approach of the developmental pharmacology of analgesics, pharmacogenetics also emerged as a tool for precision medicine in neonates. To assure further improvement of neonatal pain management the integration of pharmacogenetics with the usual covariates like weight, age and/or disease characteristics is needed.

  14. TakeTwo: an indexing algorithm suited to still images with known crystal parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginn, Helen Mary; Roedig, Philip; Kuo, Anling; Evans, Gwyndaf; Sauter, Nicholas K; Ernst, Oliver P; Meents, Alke; Mueller-Werkmeister, Henrike; Miller, R J Dwayne; Stuart, David Ian

    2016-08-01

    The indexing methods currently used for serial femtosecond crystallography were originally developed for experiments in which crystals are rotated in the X-ray beam, providing significant three-dimensional information. On the other hand, shots from both X-ray free-electron lasers and serial synchrotron crystallography experiments are still images, in which the few three-dimensional data available arise only from the curvature of the Ewald sphere. Traditional synchrotron crystallography methods are thus less well suited to still image data processing. Here, a new indexing method is presented with the aim of maximizing information use from a still image given the known unit-cell dimensions and space group. Efficacy for cubic, hexagonal and orthorhombic space groups is shown, and for those showing some evidence of diffraction the indexing rate ranged from 90% (hexagonal space group) to 151% (cubic space group). Here, the indexing rate refers to the number of lattices indexed per image.

  15. Seafloor video footage and still-frame grabs from U.S. Geological Survey cruises in Hawaiian nearshore waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Ann E.; Cochran, Susan A.; Tierney, Peter W.

    2013-01-01

    Underwater video footage was collected in nearshore waters (video footage collected during four USGS cruises and more than 10,200 still images extracted from the videos, including still frames from every 10 seconds along transect lines, and still frames showing both an overview and a near-bottom view from fixed stations. Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefiles of individual video and still-image locations, and Google Earth kml files with explanatory text and links to the video and still images, are included. This report documents the various camera systems and methods used to collect the videos, and the techniques and software used to convert the analog video tapes into digital data in order to process the images for optimum viewing and to extract the still images, along with a brief summary of each survey cruise.

  16. Where does human plague still persist in Latin America?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Schneider

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Plague is an epidemic-prone disease with a potential impact on public health, international trade, and tourism. It may emerge and re-emerge after decades of epidemiological silence. Today, in Latin America, human cases and foci are present in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. AIMS: The objective of this study is to identify where cases of human plague still persist in Latin America and map areas that may be at risk for emergence or re-emergence. This analysis will provide evidence-based information for countries to prioritize areas for intervention. METHODS: Evidence of the presence of plague was demonstrated using existing official information from WHO, PAHO, and Ministries of Health. A geo-referenced database was created to map the historical presence of plague by country between the first registered case in 1899 and 2012. Areas where plague still persists were mapped at the second level of the political/administrative divisions (counties. Selected demographic, socioeconomic, and environmental variables were described. RESULTS: Plague was found to be present for one or more years in 14 out of 25 countries in Latin America (1899-2012. Foci persisted in six countries, two of which have no report of current cases. There is evidence that human cases of plague still persist in 18 counties. Demographic and poverty patterns were observed in 11/18 counties. Four types of biomes are most commonly found. 12/18 have an average altitude higher than 1,300 meters above sea level. DISCUSSION: Even though human plague cases are very localized, the risk is present, and unexpected outbreaks could occur. Countries need to make the final push to eliminate plague as a public health problem for the Americas. A further disaggregated risk evaluation is recommended, including identification of foci and possible interactions among areas where plague could emerge or re-emerge. A closer geographical approach and environmental characterization are suggested.

  17. Evaluation of Skybox Video and Still Image products

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Angelo, P.; Kuschk, G.; Reinartz, P.

    2014-11-01

    The SkySat-1 satellite lauched by Skybox Imaging on November 21 in 2013 opens a new chapter in civilian earth observation as it is the first civilian satellite to image a target in high definition panchromatic video for up to 90 seconds. The small satellite with a mass of 100 kg carries a telescope with 3 frame sensors. Two products are available: Panchromatic video with a resolution of around 1 meter and a frame size of 2560 × 1080 pixels at 30 frames per second. Additionally, the satellite can collect still imagery with a swath of 8 km in the panchromatic band, and multispectral images with 4 bands. Using super-resolution techniques, sub-meter accuracy is reached for the still imagery. The paper provides an overview of the satellite design and imaging products. The still imagery product consists of 3 stripes of frame images with a footprint of approximately 2.6 × 1.1 km. Using bundle block adjustment, the frames are registered, and their accuracy is evaluated. Image quality of the panchromatic, multispectral and pansharpened products are evaluated. The video product used in this evaluation consists of a 60 second gazing acquisition of Las Vegas. A DSM is generated by dense stereo matching. Multiple techniques such as pairwise matching or multi image matching are used and compared. As no ground truth height reference model is availble to the authors, comparisons on flat surface and compare differently matched DSMs are performed. Additionally, visual inspection of DSM and DSM profiles show a detailed reconstruction of small features and large skyscrapers.

  18. [Surgical frontal lecture. Still important for teaching students?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wierlemann, A; Baur, J; Germer, C T

    2013-10-01

    In times of manifold digital learning resources open to public access lectures in surgery still play a major role in medical training. It is a platform for discussion with the medical teacher and provides the opportunity to create a vivid learning experience by showing live operations via video streaming and inviting patients to the lectures. When then change in paradigm is achieved from pure knowledge transfer to cross-linkage of knowledge, the surgical lecture will be a major future keystone in medical education, where the lecturer can reach the students with his own passion for the field of expertise and get them interested in surgery.

  19. REDUCTION OF STILLING BASIN LENGTH WITH TALL END SILL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FATHI-MOGHADAM Manoochehr; HAGHIGHIPOUR Sadegh; LASHKAR-ARA Babak; AGHTOUMAN Peyman

    2011-01-01

    Experiments were conducted to characterize forced hydraulic jumps in stilling basins for enforced cases due to tail water level or dam site arrangement and construction.The case with a single tall sill was simulated in a horizontal flume downstream of a sluice gate.Results of experiments are compared with the classical hydraulic jump,and significant effect of tall sill on dissipation of energy in shorter distance was confirmed.Furthermore,the generated jumps were classified based on the ratio of sill height to basin length,and a simple design criterion was proposed to estimate the basin length for a desired jump and particular inflow.

  20. Mycotoxins and Nuclear Receptors: A Still Underexplored Issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Dall'Asta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that can be found in food commodities worldwide. They exert a wide range of adverse effects towards humans and animals. Although toxicological studies have addressed these food contaminants over decades, their mode of actions as well as their synergistic effects are still to be deeply clarified. Among the toxicological targets, nuclear receptors have been identified by several studies. Besides the estrogenic effect, a wider range of endocrine and neuroendocrine disrupting effects have been reported so far. This review is aimed at addressing the recent advances in toxicology, and at highlighting possible gaps of knowledge.

  1. Does HEP still hold challenges for computer science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hertzberger, L.O. (Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands). Computer Systems Group)

    1989-12-01

    The characteristics of High Energy Physics (HEP) as well as Computer Science (CS) are changing. In HEP the ever larger scale of exerpimentation results in a dramatic increase in the amount of data that has to be handled. Consequently, computing techniques have to be found to keep the data manageable. Computing science has become more mature, realizing that it has to develop models and techniques applicable to a wide range of problems. Moreover, the interest has shifted to computing problems in everyday life, where emphasis is more on symbolic than numeric computation. It will be illustrated that HEP still offers challenges to CS, but that the nature of collaboration has changed considerably. (orig.).

  2. FOREIGN TRADE, Still An Important Engine for Economic Growth?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Declined forign demand In 2009,trapped in the global financial meltdown,the world economy is still struggling its way out of an economiC crisis,though little signs of recovery began to surface with stimulus packages in developed countries gradually taking some effects.But,all these countries have learned some lessons from this crisis.One is that it is never too late to save more and spend leSS.With this common rule.people in these countries have begun to cut spending to cease their consumption binge,and showed strong appetite for austerity,which means that China Will be saddled with declining exports demand.

  3. Establishing imaging sensor specifications for digital still cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kriss, Michael A.

    2007-02-01

    Digital Still Cameras, DSCs, have now displaced conventional still cameras in most markets. The heart of a DSC is thought to be the imaging sensor, be it Full Frame CCD, and Interline CCD, a CMOS sensor or the newer Foveon buried photodiode sensors. There is a strong tendency by consumers to consider only the number of mega-pixels in a camera and not to consider the overall performance of the imaging system, including sharpness, artifact control, noise, color reproduction, exposure latitude and dynamic range. This paper will provide a systematic method to characterize the physical requirements of an imaging sensor and supporting system components based on the desired usage. The analysis is based on two software programs that determine the "sharpness", potential for artifacts, sensor "photographic speed", dynamic range and exposure latitude based on the physical nature of the imaging optics, sensor characteristics (including size of pixels, sensor architecture, noise characteristics, surface states that cause dark current, quantum efficiency, effective MTF, and the intrinsic full well capacity in terms of electrons per square centimeter). Examples will be given for consumer, pro-consumer, and professional camera systems. Where possible, these results will be compared to imaging system currently on the market.

  4. Primary amputation: is there still a place for it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setacci, F; Sirignano, P; De Donato, G; Galzerano, G; Cappelli, A; Palasciano, G; Setacci, C

    2012-02-01

    Diabetic foot (DF) continues to present a significant challenge to the vascular surgeon. Despite great advances in the treatment of DF, including open revascularization and endovascular techniques, significant numbers of amputations are still performed. The effect of aggressive revascularization on ultimate limb salvage rates continues to be debated. In the US the amputation rate has increased from 19 to 30 per 100000 persons years over the last two decades primarily due to an increase in diabetes and advancing age. Despite advances in cardiovascular treatment, in patients over 85 year of age an amputation rate of 140 per 100000 persons/year has been reported with a primary amputation (PA) still carrying an excessively high mortality rate of 13-17%. Amputation has been historically regarded as a life saving therapeutic measure. At the time the advances of surgical techniques in revascularization, diagnostic modalities and effectiveness in antimicrobial agents have unintentionally designated amputation to be the last treatment option. Nowadays we have a variety of therapeutic options to correct, modify, or circumvent the obstructive vascular pathology, such as angioplasty, atherectomy, stenting, stent graft and the traditional open surgical approach using endarterectomy, patch angioplasty, or bypass revascularization and even sympathectomy to enhance cutaneous perfusion to the toes. However it is understandable that many older patients who have received multiple limb preservation procedures have spent most of the remaining days of their lives in and out of the hospital or in a long-term care facility where high technical and sophisticated wound care techniques can be provided.

  5. Low-cost still-picture compression chip set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razavi, Abbas; Shenberg, Isaac; Retter, Rafi; Friedlander, Rami; Jaliff, Ari; Frenkel, Miri; Nakagawa, Chihiro; Yamada, Hidetoshi

    1992-04-01

    Image compression is used to handle large volume of digitized image data in order to minimize the time and cost required to store and transfer the digitized data. Image compression is one of the key components in emerging applications such as digital still video cameras, multimedia, color printers, video fax machines, and desktop publishing. This paper will describe the Zoran 031 image compression chip set. The chip set is comprised of the ZR36020 Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) Processor and the ZR36031 Image Compression Coder/Decoder that work together to perform image compression and expansion. The chip set employs an algorithm for high quality compression of continuous-tone color or monochrome images, similar to the algorithm specified in the Joint Photographic Expert Group standard. The 031 chip set is targeted at cost-sensitive business and consumer applications such as digital still video cameras, color printers, color fax machines, and scanners. The architecture and the coding/decoding algorithm of the chip set as well as the add-in image compression PC board in which it is utilized will be discussed.

  6. Runaway pacemaker: a still existing complication and therapeutic guidelines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Andersen, C; Nielsen, L H

    1989-01-01

    Runaway pacemaker is a rare, but still existing potential lethal complication in permanent pacemakers. Within 4 1/2 years, we saw two cases of runaway pacemaker in patients with multiprogrammable, VVI pacemakers (Siemens-Elema, Model 668). In both cases a pacemaker-induced ventricular tachycardia...... (rate 240-260 beats/min) was documented. One patient died. Runaway pacemakers must be exchanged as soon as possible. Until this can be accomplished, different emergency maneuvers should be tried. As documented in the cases presented, placing a magnet over the pacemaker may result in a lower, more...... physiological pacing rate. Reprogramming the pulse generator to a lower output or the use of external chest wall overdrive stimulation may also be successful, but these procedures require the presence of an adequate escape rhythm. If this is not the case or the former maneuvers have failed, an external...

  7. Luminous, High-z, Type-2 Quasars are Still Missing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Gordon T.; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Rivera, Angelica

    2017-01-01

    A simple unified model suggests that there should be roughly equal numbers of type-1 (unobscured) and type 2 (obscured) quasars. However, we argue that the expected population of luminous, high-z, type-2 quasars are still missing. While large numbers of type-2 AGNs have now been identified (both via spectroscopy and through color-based arguments in the optical, IR, and X-ray), the vast majority of these are low-luminosity objects at zmodel" predict similar numbers of type-1 and type-2 quasars, this conspicuous lack of luminous type-2 quasars at high-redshift constitutes a major unsolved problem. To uncover these missing type-2 quasars, we explore a candidate selection algorithm that utilizes the sky area of AllWISE, the depth/resolution of large-area Spitzer-IRAC surveys, and optical data from the SDSS.

  8. When inclusion costs and ostracism pays, ostracism still hurts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Beest, Ilja; Williams, Kipling D

    2006-11-01

    Recent research indicates that ostracism is painful even in the face of mitigating circumstances. However, in all previous experiments, there have been no costs to inclusion or benefits for ostracism. If being included meant losing money and being ostracized meant retaining money, would individuals still be distressed when ostracized? In 2 studies, the authors attempted to "load the dice" against inclusion in favor of ostracism. Participants played a variant of Cyberball called euroyberball (pronounced Euroball), in which ostracism and inclusion were crossed with whether the participants earned or lost money for each ball toss they received. In 2 experiments, the authors found that even when being ostracized meant retaining more money than the other players, it was painful. In Study 2, the authors also introduced conditions in which participants were overincluded. In these conditions, participants were sensitive to financial incentives. However, even then participants felt worse when given no positive attention than when given punitive attention.

  9. Solar Still Coupled With Solar Collector and Storage Tank

    CERN Document Server

    M, Rajesh A

    2010-01-01

    Acute shortage of good, clean drinking water is a major problem for most developing countries of the world. In most cases, ponds, streams, wells and rivers are often polluted that they are unsafe for direct use as drinking water >.Often water sources are brackish and or contain harmful bacteria. Therefore cannot be used for drinking .In addition there are many coastal locations where sea water is abundant but potable water is not available. Solar distillation is one of the important methods of utilizing solar energy for the supply of potable water to small communities where natural supply of fresh water is inadequate or of poor quality .In this direction an experimental performance analysis was carried out on a single basin still compared with FPC coupled one. Test were carried out for different water samples namely borewell water, sea water, river water for a water depth of 20 mm

  10. [Social medicine: does it still make sense in 2013?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Francis; Bischoff, Thomas; Wolff, Hans; Guessous, Idris; Dory, Elodie; Dubois-Arber, Françoise; Stringhini, Silvia; Bodenmann, Patrick

    2013-11-27

    Social medicine is a medicine that seeks to understand the impact of socio-economic conditions on human health and diseases in order to improve the health of a society and its individuals. In this field of medicine, determining the socio-economic status of individuals is generally not sufficient to explain and/or understand the underlying mechanisms leading to social inequalities in health. Other factors must be considered such as environmental, psychosocial, behavioral and biological factors that, together, can lead to more or less permanent damages to the health of the individuals in a society. In a time where considerable progresses have been made in the field of the biomedicine, does the practice of social medicine in a primary care setting still make sense?

  11. [Evidence-based orthodontics, still a long way to go].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M

    2003-01-01

    Clinical performance can be kept up to date by learning how to practice evidence-based orthodontics, by seeking and appraising evidence-based summaries from the literature and by applying evidence-based strategies to change clinical behaviour. A MEDLINE search over the period 1990-2000 identified 8345 publications on clinical orthodontic subjects. Of these articles 49.5% was published in five specific orthodontic journals, while the others were published in about seventy other journals making it difficult for the clinician to stay current easily. Systematic reviews are an efficient and reliable source of information, but due to a lack of well-designed randomised clinical trials systematic reviews in orthodontics are still rare.

  12. Helicobacter pylori treatment: Still a work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senatore, Frank J; Wilmot, Jonathan; Birk, John W

    2016-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori is a common worldwide bacterium, possessing adaptability that has created difficulty achieving eradication. While the standard treatment was thought to be triple therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin, growing rates of treatment failure and antibiotic resistance have stimulated research into novel regimens. Quadruple therapy with bismuth has been compared for both first- and second-line treatments, but eradication still has not reached expected goals. Innovative regimens including sequential and concomitant therapy, as well as the introduction of new antibiotics into previous treatment schedules, have shown promising improvements in eradication rates. We discuss and compare these unique regimens, reviewing the current literature to deduce those which are most likely to provide the highest success in curing H. pylori infection.

  13. Manual stapedotomy still holds good in the era of laser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sivaraman Ganesan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: In the present era of stapedotomy, there is an inevitable role for laser. But the conventional technique with manual burr still has its own merits in various settings such as usage in resource poor setting in developing countries and avoidance of laser hazards. AIMS: To evaluate the audiometric outcomes after manual stapedotomy. Settings and Design: The present study was retrospective record-based study. Patients who have been diagnosed otosclerosis and those who were not willing for surgery with laser, but gave consent for manual stapedotomy were included for the study. Materials and Methods: Preoperatively, and at each subsequent post-operative follow-up visits, patients were required to undergo a pure-tone audiogram. The air-bone gaps at the end of 6 months were used for final analysis. Statistical Analysis Used: Data was analyzed with using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 12 (Chicago, IL, USA. Descriptive frequency distributions, mean, standard deviation of audiometric data were calculated. The paired t test was done to see the improvement in the air bone gap post-operatively. Results: The mean age of presentation is 32.2 years. Overall, the male:female ratio was found to be 1:1.2. Post-operative air bone closure to 15 decibels was obtained in 80% of patients. There was no significant correlation between the pre-operative hearing loss and post-operative gain, age, and gender of distribution of focus. Conclusions: The post-operative hearing after stapedotomy has been remarkable in all the patients even with manual burr. There were no major vestibular complications in any of these patients. The study has shown that the significant post-operative hearing results can be still achieved with meticulous surgery by an experienced surgeon with manual burr in the present laser era.

  14. New revelations concerning the assassination of Rafiq Hariri, thus the process still meaningful

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the background for the establishment of the Special Tri-bunal for Lebanon (STL) and the role it has played since February 2005, where the assassination of Rafiq Hariri took place. The article follows the work of the tribunal, and concludes that the fact that the terror attack...

  15. Carl Sagan: a exploração e colonização de planetas - ficção científica,cência e divulgação

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Carlos A. Loiola de

    2006-01-01

    Obras de ficção científica podem, dependendo de como estiverem estruturadas por seus autores, em nosso caso, o astrônomo Carl Sagan, ser usadas como textos de referência em História da Ciência por sua interdisciplinaridade. O caso específico das viagens interplanetárias, pensadas e teorizadas cientificamente e divulgadas sob a linguagem da ficção científica nos livros de Carl Sagan, é o de que se ocupa esta dissertação. Os autores de textos de ficção, como os colegas de Sagan A...

  16. ["Coca-Koller" and hist friends. On the 140th birthday of the Vienna Jewish trio: Carl Koller (1857-1944), Sigmund Lustgarten (1857-1911) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amm, M; Holubar, K

    1997-03-14

    The lives of Carl Koller (1857-1944), Sigmund Lustgarten (1857-1911) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) are characterized by several interesting similarities. In their early achievements in medical research they were pathfinders of the first successful local anesthetic: cocaine. All three became later victims of antisemitism. Attention is paid to their personal relationship during their time in Vienna, on occasion of the 140th anniversary of their birth.

  17. Carl Dahlhaus (1928-1989 Considerações sobre as noções de musicologia baseadas em seu Foundations Of Music History, e paralelos possíveis com a historiografia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Rafael de Medeiros

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como principal objetivo uma tentativa de reposicionamento das ideias do musicólogo, esteta e crítico musical alemão Carl Dahlhaus (1928-1989, assim como do autor em seu contexto histórico, relacionado ao seu posicionamento intelectual frente a determinadas correntes filosóficas do século XX, estabelecido principalmente ao longo das décadas de 1950, 1960 e 1970.

  18. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text presents the principles of the Theory of Psychological Types, the most known face of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, as well as the fundamentals of the Inventory of Personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituted from the Jungian typology, and which has been more used nowadays by Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  19. MORE EVIDENCE THAT VOYAGER 1 IS STILL IN THE HELIOSPHERE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gloeckler, G.; Fisk, L. A., E-mail: gglo@umich.edu [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, 2455 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143 (United States)

    2015-06-20

    The investigators of the Voyager mission currently exploring the heliosheath have concluded and announced that Voyager 1 (V1) has crossed the heliopause and is now in the interstellar medium. This conclusion is based primarily on the plasma wave observations of Gurnett et al., which reveal a plasma electron density that resembles the density expected in the local interstellar medium. Fisk and Gloeckler have disputed the conclusion that V1 has crossed the heliopause, pointing out that to account for all the V1 observations, particularly the magnetic field direction together with the density, it is necessary to conclude that the higher densities observed by Gurnett et al. are due to compressed solar wind. In this Letter it is shown that the model of Fisk and Gloeckler for the nose region of the heliosheath can account in detail for the intensity and spectral shape of Energetic Neutral Hydrogen observed by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) in the directions of V1 and Voyager 2 (V2). A key feature of the Fisk and Gloeckler model is the existence of a region in the heliosheath where the solar wind is compressed and heated, followed by a region where the solar wind is compressed but cold. The region of cold compressed solar wind provides a unique explanation for the low-energy IBEX observations, and since this is the region where V1 must now reside, the low-energy IBEX observations provide strong evidence that V1 is still in the heliosphere.

  20. Richter type of incarcerated obturator hernia; misery still continues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayant, Kumar; Agarwal, Rajendra; Agarwal, Swati

    2015-02-03

    Obturator hernia is a rare type of hernia which accounts for only 0.07-1.4% of all intra-abdominal hernias and 0.2-5.8% of small-intestinal obstructions. It develops predominantly in elderly underweight women. It has nonspecific early symptoms, so these hernias are usually discovered only after they have become incarcerated. Incarcerated obturator hernias are usually discovered on abdominal computed tomography scan or emergency surgery due to bowel obstruction. Here we present a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with intermittent abdominal pain, distension and nausea for last 3 days. She was a known case of hypothyroidism, taking Levothyroxine in inadequate dose. Her intial abdominal Xray was showing few air-fluid level with air present in rectum. She was initially managed conservatively but later developed features of peritonitis for which she was operated. In laparotomy, Richter type of right-sided incarcerated obturator hernia was discovered with a small necrotic area and perforation of small bowel. Bowel resection was performed and obturator hernia was closed with interrupted sutures. The patient recovered without complications. Obturator hernia, due to its rarity and nonspecific early symptoms, can still be misleading even to the most experienced clinicians. Delay in diagnosis of obturator hernia can lead to bowel necrosis and perforation with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality.

  1. Is Sodium Bicarbonate Therapy Still Up To Date?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Kurt

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sodium bicarbonate (SB, which has a vital role in the regulation of acid-base balance of all tissues and organs, is one of the most important buffering systems of the body. SB plays an important role in the treatment of poisoning caused by numerous agents including mainly salicylate and tricyclic antidepressants. In metabolic acidosis (MA occurred in patient with systemic and metabolic diseases, first, the primary disease should be treated and in the case of low bicarbonate levels such as diarrhea and renal tubular acidosis, missing SB should be recovered. As the kidney has an important role in acid-base balance, SB is widely used in the treatment of acute and chronic renal failure. Although there is no conclusive evidence to prevent contrast nephropathy, SB comes to the fore compared to other agents. SB is used due to MA and its effects occurring in acute renal failure. In addition, SB treatment applied to reduce the increased acid levels in chronic kidney failure may reduce mortality. While SB can be used as individualized in lactic acidosis and cardiac arrest cases, it can be used safely as a performance enhancer for athletes. SB is used widely in gastrointestinal tract diseases due to its antacid effects and its routine use is not recommended in diabetic ketoacidosis. These data demonstrate that SB is still popular and it will retain its popularity in the near future.

  2. Human Brucellosis: Still an Unfamiliar and Misdiagnosed Disease in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smita Mangalgi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human brucellosis is a disease with protean clinical manifestations. Despite many awareness programmes, it is still missed or wrongly diagnosed. This leads to chronic morbidity leading to misery and loss of working days. Aim and Objectives: To assess the microbiological, clinical and epidemiological aspects of human brucellosis. Materials and Methods: Patients with positive brucella screening test constituted the study material. A detailed laboratory, clinical, epidemiological study along with response to the treatment was analyzed. Results: Seroprevalence of brucellosis was found to be 1.75%. Brucellosis was clinically diagnosed in only 12.73% of cases. Fever, joint pain and low backache were the commonest symptoms. Close contact with animals and raw milk ingestion were the major sources of infection. Knowledge regarding brucellosis and its prevention was lacking in patients. Brucellosis was not considered as one of the differential diagnosis by the treating physicians. Conclusion: Brucellosis should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis in cases presenting with fever, low backache, arthritis and arthralgia. Laboratories should screen all the serum samples for brucella agglutinins by Rose Bengal Plate Test. Awareness regarding the prevention of brucellosis in the general population and regarding the existence of the disease among the doctors practicing in rural areas is needed

  3. [Acute hepatitis in a patient with adult onset Still disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, M; Calvanese, A; Oscuro, F; Gallo, A; Caso, P; Annibale, E; Farinato, N

    1997-04-01

    Liver abnormalities in the course of Adult Onset Still's Disease (AOSD), both in form of hepatomegaly and elevation of hepatic enzymes, have been reported in up to three-quarts of the affected patients. These abnormalities may reflect disease activity or may be induced by drugs. Only in a few of this patients a liver biopsy was performed. However liver histology has shown, generally, non specific abnormalities or even normal pictures. We have recently observed a 47-year-old woman with a febrile illness started five months before, who after pertinent investigation was diagnosed as AOSD (according to criteria of Yamaguchi et al.). Apart from laboratory findings characteristic of an inflammatory disease, in absence of drug therapies the biochemical data showed raised levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and aminoglutamil transferase. Serological tests for either viral hepatitis viruses (HAV, HBV, HCV) or other viruses were negative. Ultrasonographic examination of gallbladder and bile ducts did not find gallstones or other abnormalities. A liver biopsy was performed, which histopathologic examination showed moderate fatty methamorphosis with focal areas of hepatocellular swelling with minimal necrosis, mild Kuppfer cell hyperplasia, portal and sinusoidal infiltrates of mononuclear cells. This picture consisted with the diagnosis of an acute unspecific reactive hepatitis.

  4. Why should we still care about the stavudine dose?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Innes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Current recommendations advise that stavudine be phased out of use. The logistics and cost of switching are significant, and the World Health Organization has forecast that 1.55 million people will still be on stavudine-based antiretroviral therapy by the end of 2012. Stavudine is co-formulated in many countries, is very cheap and effective, and is well tolerated in initial therapy. However, the 40 mg BD dose was associated with considerable long-term toxicity. Several studies suggest that half the original recommended dose has excellent antiviral efficacy with significantly reduced metabolic side-effects. Despite generic tenofovir now being cheaper than zidovudine, tenofovir consumes the majority of adult antiretroviral programme medication budgets in programmes in Africa, where it is used in first-line therapy. Abacavir is far more expensive than zidovudine or tenofovir, and is a major cost driver in paediatric programmes with access to abacavir-based first-line treatment. Low-dose stavudine may offer the only cheaper (and possibly as effective and safe alternative to programmes grappling with limited financial resources.

  5. An embedded still image coder with rate-distortion optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, J; Lei, S

    1999-01-01

    It is well known that the fixed rate coder achieves optimality when all coefficients are coded with the same rate-distortion (R-D) slope. In this paper, we show that the performance of the embedded coder can be optimized in a rate-distortion sense by coding the coefficients with decreasing R-D slope. We denote such a coding strategy as rate-distortion optimized embedding (RDE). RDE allocates the available coding bits first to the coefficient with the steepest R-D slope, i.e., the largest distortion decrease per coding bit. The resultant coding bitstream can be truncated at any point and still maintain an optimal R-D performance. To avoid the overhead of coding order transmission, we use the expected R-D slope, which can be calculated from the coded bits and is available in both the encoder and the decoder. With the probability estimation table of the QM-coder, the calculation of the R-D slope can be just a lookup table operation. Experimental results show that the rate-distortion optimization significantly improves the coding efficiency in a wide bit rate range.

  6. Forty years old and still young at heart

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    I am 40 years old but my average age is 4. Who am I? The answer is the CERN nursery school, located near Gate A on the Meyrin site. This year's traditional end-of-year party on 24 June was a lot more lively than usual. To mark the school's fortieth birthday in style, the teachers dressed up in pretty, floating costumes, a clown on stilts was in attendance, to the delight of a fascinated crowd of children, and balloons were released into the sky. Dozens of balloons were released into the sky to mark the CERN nursery school's 40th Anniversary.Standing on stilts and performing a juggling act, the clown was the highlight of the evening. In 1965, when it was created on the initiative of a group of parents, the nursery school consisted of a single class that was open in the mornings only and was held in a room located outside the CERN site. The Staff Association took up the reins right from the start and is still running the school today. The school went from strength to strength. "Even at the beginning, there was...

  7. Immobilization routes - they're not standing still

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basta, N.

    1982-04-19

    A review of the current stage of research into enzyme immobilization and the application of this technology in food processing and biomass-energy conversion is presented. The major success of the technology at present is the production of high-fructose corn syrup in the U.S. A commercial-scale plant to make sweeteners from cheese whey using immobilized lactase has come onstream in the U.K. Of two other processes reported, one uses immobilized bacteria to treat waste-water and produces pipeline-quality methane, the other holds promise for cutting the cost of corn-to-ethanol processing and enhancing the performance of cellulose-to-ethanol routes.

  8. A taxonomic synopsis of South American Cyanogomphini Carle with description of Cyanogomphus angelomachadoi sp. nov. from the Cerrado of Brazil (Odonata: Gomphidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Ângelo Parise; Almeida, Marcus Vinícius Oliveira De

    2016-02-09

    A synopsis of Cyanogomphini Carle, 1986 (sensu Belle 1996), including all species currently under the genera Cyanogomphus Selys, 1873, and Tibiagomphus Belle, 1992, is provided. Cyanogomphus angelomachadoi sp. nov. (Holotype ♂ deposited in DZRJ: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Jaboticatubas municipality, Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó, collecting site "Córrego das Pedras" 19°22'17"S, 43°36'03"W, 766 m a.s.l., 12.XII.2011, A.P.M. Santos & D.M. Takiya leg.) is described and illustrated based on four males and two females from Minas Gerais and São Paulo States, southeastern Brazil. The new species is most similar to C. waltheri Selys, 1873, from which it can be distinguished by its smaller size; larger pale areas on mesepisternum; pale dorsal surface of metathoracic tibia; larger distal concavity on epiproct, with laterodistal projection, in lateral view forefinger-shaped; and occurrence in Cerrado province. Five species are recognized in Cyanogomphini, and for each one a synonymy, diagnoses, identification key and maps of distribution are presented. The status of sibling taxa Tibiagomphus uncatus (Fraser, 1947) and T. noval (Rodrigues Capítulo, 1985), as well as the Agriogomphus-complex of genera are also discussed.

  9. El libro como soporte de la experiencia visionaria en las profecías iluminadas de William Blake y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Picón Bruno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo reflexionamos sobre dos obras pertenecientes al mundo moderno y contemporáneo en las que el manuscrito iluminado es utilizado como soporte de registro de la experiencia visionaria: los Libros Proféticos Iluminados de William Blake (1757-1827 y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961. Estos autores consideraron el manuscrito iluminado como un formato más auténtico para la transmisión de sus visiones, ya que permitía superar la dimensión puramente estética del arte y convocar una síntesis entre la materia y el espíritu propio del pensamiento simbólico del neoplatonismo del siglo xii europeo. Desde esta perspectiva, indagamos en el carácter altamente espiritual que Blake y Jung confirieron a la creación artística y a la materialidad del libro como soporte de escritura y de lectura, estableciendo algunas correspondencias con las nuevas concepciones sobre el arte elaboradas en el contexto de las vanguardias europeas del siglo xx.

  10. ["World domestic policy" as a way to eternal peace? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's realistic idealism as theory of a sustainable policy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartosch, Ulrich

    2014-01-01

    The intention of this article is to show the suitability of "Weltinnenpolitik" (world domestic policy) as an analytic and programmatic view on contemporary policy. A full reconstruction or comparison of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's concept is not at the focus. As mentioned in other contributions to this volume, Weizsäcker did not refer to the disciplinary discourses in detail. His approach is particularly 'unique' since he set about in 1963 to study the conditions of peace in a very general way. By doing so, he was able to circumscribe the conditions of peace realistically: those valid for us today and apparently also in the future. Weizsäcker probably did underestimate the complexity of the transformation to sustainable politics for preventing climate change. Vice versa one should hope that we today do not discount the prevention of atomic war as a sine qua non for sustainable climate-saving policy. Both could mark the quintessential conditions for peace.

  11. The continuous time random walk, still trendy: fifty-year history, state of art and outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutner, Ryszard; Masoliver, Jaume

    2017-03-01

    In this article we demonstrate the very inspiring role of the continuous-time random walk (CTRW) formalism, the numerous modifications permitted by its flexibility, its various applications, and the promising perspectives in the various fields of knowledge. A short review of significant achievements and possibilities is given. However, this review is still far from completeness. We focused on a pivotal role of CTRWs mainly in anomalous stochastic processes discovered in physics and beyond. This article plays the role of an extended announcement of the Eur. Phys. J. B Special Issue [http://epjb.epj.org/open-calls-for-papers/123-epj-b/1090-ctrw-50-years-on">http://epjb.epj.org/open-calls-for-papers/123-epj-b/1090-ctrw-50-years-on] containing articles which show incredible possibilities of the CTRWs. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Continuous Time Random Walk Still Trendy: Fifty-year History, Current State and Outlook", edited by Ryszard Kutner and Jaume Masoliver.

  12. Complications of otitis media - a potentially lethal problem still present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma de Oliveira Penido

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: It is an erroneous but commonly held belief that intracranial complications (ICCs of chronic and acute otitis media (COM and AOM are past diseases or from developing countries. These problems remain, despite improvements in antibiotic care. OBJECTIVE: This paper analyzes the occurrence and clinical characteristics and course of the main ICCs of otitis media (OM. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 51 patients with ICCs from OM, drawn from all patients presenting with OM to the emergency room of a large inner-city tertiary care hospital over a 22-year period. RESULTS: 80% of cases were secondary to COM of which the incidence of ICC was 0.8%; 20% were due to AOM. The death occurrence was 7.8%, hearing loss in 90%, and permanent neurological sequelae in 29%. Patients were 61% male. In the majority, onset of ear disease had occurred during childhood. Delay of diagnosis of both the initial infection as well as the secondary ICC was significant. ICCs included brain abscess and meningitis in 78%, and lateral sinus thrombosis, empyema and otitic hydrocephalus in 13%, 8% and 1% of cases, respectively. Twenty-seven neurosurgical procedures and 43 otologic surgery procedures were performed. Two patients were too ill for surgical intervention. CONCLUSION: ICCs of OM, although uncommon, still occur. These cases require expensive, complex and long-term inpatient treatment and frequently result in hearing loss, neurological sequelae and mortality. It is important to be aware of this potentiality in children with COM, especially, and maintain a high index of suspicion in order to refer for otologic specialty care before such complications occur.

  13. Effect of Air Flow on Tubular Solar Still Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arunkumar Thirugnanasambantham

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available An experimental work was reported to estimate the increase in distillate yield for a compound parabolic concentrator-concentric tubular solar still (CPC-CTSS. The CPC dramatically increases the heating of the saline water. A novel idea was proposed to study the characteristic features of CPC for desalination to produce a large quantity of distillate yield. A rectangular basin of dimension 2 m × 0.025 m × 0.02 m was fabricated of copper and was placed at the focus of the CPC. This basin is covered by two cylindrical glass tubes of length 2 m with two different diameters of 0.02 m and 0.03 m. The experimental study was operated with two modes: without and with air flow between inner and outer tubes. The rate of air flow was fixed throughout the experiment at 4.5 m/s. On the basis of performance results, the water collection rate was 1445 ml/day without air flow and 2020 ml/day with air flow and the efficiencies were 16.2% and 18.9%, respectively.Findings:The experimental study was operated with two modes: without and with air flow between inner and outer tubes. The rate of air flow was fixed throughout the experiment at 4.5 m/s.Conclusions:On the basis of performance results, the water collection rate was 1445 ml/day without air flow and 2020 ml/day with air flow and the efficiencies were 16.2% and 18.9%, respectively.

  14. Efficacy of Anakinra in Refractory Adult-Onset Still's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Sanjuán, Francisco; Blanco, Ricardo; Riancho-Zarrabeitia, Leyre; Castañeda, Santos; Olivé, Alejandro; Riveros, Anne; Velloso-Feijoo, María.L.; Narváez, Javier; Jiménez-Moleón, Inmaculada; Maiz-Alonso, Olga; Ordóñez, Carmen; Bernal, José A.; Hernández, María V.; Sifuentes-Giraldo, Walter A.; Gómez-Arango, Catalina; Galíndez-Agirregoikoa, Eva; Blanco-Madrigal, Juan; Ortiz-Santamaria, Vera; del Blanco-Barnusell, Jordi; De Dios, Juan R.; Moreno, Mireia; Fiter, Jordi; Riscos, Marina de los; Carreira, Patricia; Rodriguez-Valls, María J.; González-Vela, M. Carmen; Calvo-Río, Vanesa; Loricera, Javier; Palmou-Fontana, Natalia; Pina, Trinitario; Llorca, Javier; González-Gay, Miguel A.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is often refractory to standard therapy. Anakinra (ANK), an interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, has demonstrated efficacy in single cases and small series of AOSD. We assessed the efficacy of ANK in a series of AOSD patients. Multicenter retrospective open-label study. ANK was used due to lack of efficacy to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in some cases also to at least 1 biologic agent. Forty-one patients (26 women/15 men) were recruited. They had a mean age of 34.4 ± 14 years and a median [interquartile range (IQR)] AOSD duration of 3.5 [2–6] years before ANK onset. At that time the most common clinical features were joint manifestations 87.8%, fever 78%, and cutaneous rash 58.5%. ANK yielded rapid and maintained clinical and laboratory improvement. After 1 year of therapy, the frequency of joint and cutaneous manifestations had decreased to 41.5% and to 7.3% respectively, fever from 78% to 14.6%, anemia from 56.1% to 9.8%, and lymphadenopathy from 26.8% to 4.9%. A dramatic improvement of laboratory parameters was also achieved. The median [IQR] prednisone dose was also reduced from 20 [11.3–47.5] mg/day at ANK onset to 5 [0–10] at 12 months. After a median [IQR] follow-up of 16 [5–50] months, the most important side effects were cutaneous manifestations (n = 8), mild leukopenia (n = 3), myopathy (n = 1), and infections (n = 5). ANK is associated with rapid and maintained clinical and laboratory improvement, even in nonresponders to other biologic agents. However, joint manifestations are more refractory than the systemic manifestations. PMID:26426623

  15. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy a still underrecognized clinic entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiene, G; Basso, C; Danieli, G; Rampazzo, A; Corrado, D; Nava, A

    1997-04-01

    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is a new morbid entity that was discovered thanks to the study of sudden death in the young. This heart muscle disease is characterized by myocardial atrophy, mostly of the right ventricle, with massive fibro-fatty infiltration, accounting for ventricular electrical instability at risk of severe arrhythmias and even cardiac arrest. The disease was found to be the major cause of sudden death in young people and athletes in the Veneto Region, Italy. A familial occurrence with autosomal dominant transmission was then discovered, and the prevalence was estimated to be higher than 1 in 5000. The disease is genetically heterogeneous: Linkage analysis, carried out in a large family with recurrence of sudden deaths, led to map the gene to chromosome 14q23-q24. Linkage analysis in a second family allowed mapping of another gene to chromosome 1q42-q43. Clinical diagnosis can be achieved through electrocardiography, echocardiography, angiocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and endomyocardial biopsy. Diagnostic criteria have been put forward by a committee of the International Society and Federation of Cardiology. The disease was recently included among the cardiomyopathies in the revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Study of the natural history allowed us to distinguish (a) a covert phase in apparently normal subjects who have a risk of abrupt electrical instability and sudden death, (b) an overt arrhythmic phase with palpitations and impending cardiac arrest, (c) congestive heart failure with pump depression, sometimes so severe as to require heart transplantation. Both the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are unknown. In particular, the mechanisms leading to progressive loss of myocardium and fibro-fatty replacement are still speculative. Apoptosis in the right ventricle occurring not only in infancy, as in the normal heart, but also in childhood and adulthood might account for the progressive

  16. Plant Peroxisome Multiplication: Highly Regulated and Still Enigmatic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Plant peroxisomes play a key role in numerous physiological processes and are able to adapt to environmental changes by altering their content, morphology, and abundance. Peroxisomes can multiply through elongation, constriction, and fission; this process requires the action of conserved, as well as species-specific proteins. Genetic and morphological analyses have been used with the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to determine at the mechanistic level how plant peroxisomes increase their abundance. The five-member PEX11 family promotes early steps of peroxisome multiplication with an unknown mechanism and some subfamily specificities. The dynamin-related protein (DRP)3 subfamily of dynaminrelated large guanosine triphosphatases mediates late steps of both peroxisomal and mitochondrial multiplication. New genetic and biochemical tools will be needed to identify additional, especially plant-specific, constituents of the peroxisome multiplication pathways.

  17. Medical physics in 2020: will we still be relevant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, K H

    2008-06-01

    changing scenario? We are in the midst of molecular revolution. Are we prepared to explore the newer technologies such as nanotechnology, drug discovery, pre-clinical imaging, optical imaging and biomedical informatics? How are our curricula adapting to the changing needs? We should remember the late Professor John Cameron who advocated imagination and creativity - these important attributes will make us still relevant in 2020 and beyond. To me the future is clear: "To achieve more, we should imagine together."

  18. Are sawfishes still present in Mozambique? A baseline ecological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leeney, Ruth H

    2017-01-01

    areas. At one site where a number of rostra were present and where fishers stated that they still catch sawfish, gill nets are being provided to fishers as an alternative to beach seining. This may have a serious impact on the local sawfish population and more broadly for other elasmobranchs in the area. Immediate action is required to develop a landings monitoring programme in this and other key habitats, and to encourage fishers to release sawfishes alive.

  19. Adult-onset Still's disease with atypical cutaneous manifestations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narváez Garcia, Francisco Javier; Pascual, María; López de Recalde, Mercè; Juarez, Pablo; Morales-Ivorra, Isabel; Notario, Jaime; Jucglà, Anna; Nolla, Joan M.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The diagnosis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) can be very difficult. There are no specific tests available, and diagnosis is usually based on a symptom complex and the well-described typical evanescent rash seen in the majority of patients. However, in recent years, other atypical cutaneous manifestations of AOSD have been reported. These atypical skin eruptions often present in addition to the typical evanescent rash but may also be the only skin manifestation, resulting in delayed diagnosis because of under-recognition. In this study, we present 3 new cases of AOSD with atypical cutaneous manifestations diagnosed during a 30-year period in our department and review 78 additional cases previously reported (PubMed 1990–2016). These 81 patients form the basis of the present analysis. The overall prevalence of atypical cutaneous manifestations in our AOSD population was 14%. These manifestations may appear at any time over the course of the disease, and usually occur in patients who have persistent and severe disease, with a considerable frequency of clinical complications (23%), including serositis, myopericarditis, lung involvement, abdominal pain, neurologic involvement, and reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. The most representative and frequent lesion among the nonclassical skin rashes is the development of persistent pruritic papules and/or plaques. Interestingly, these lesions show a distinctive histological pattern. Other, less frequently observed lesions include urticaria and urticaria-like eruptions, generalized or widespread non-pruritic persistent erythema, vesiculopustular eruptions, a widespread peau d’orange appearance of the skin, and edema of the eyelids mimicking dermatomyositis without any accompanying skin lesion. The great majority of these patients required medium or high doses of glucocorticoids (including intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy in some cases) and, in nearly 40%, a more potent or maintenance immunotherapy

  20. Modern mysteries of the Moon what we still don’t know about our lunar companion

    CERN Document Server

    Foster, Vincent S

    2016-01-01

    There are still many questions that remain about the Moon. From concentric craters to lunar swirls, water vapor and lunar reverberations on impact, Foster collects it all for a fascinating tour that will illuminate the backyard observer's understanding of this easily viewed, yet also imperfectly understood, celestial object. Data from Apollo and a flotilla of unmanned Moon orbiters, crashers, and landers have all contributed to our understanding of the Moon, but these mysteries linger despite decades of research. When Project Apollo brought back lunar rocks and soil samples, it opened a new chapter of understanding Earth's lone natural satellite, a process that continues to this day, as old results are revisited and new techniques are used on existing samples. Topics such as the origin, evolution, structure and composition of the Moon, however, are still under debate. Lunar research is still an active field of study. New technologies make it possible to continue to learn. But even so, the Moon continues to h...

  1. Piriform sinus carcinoma with a paraneoplastic syndrome misdiagnosed as adult onset Still's disease: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Liu; Li, Wen; Du, Jintao

    2015-01-01

    Paraneoplastic syndromes (PS) occur less commonly in association with otolaryngologic neoplasms than other carcinomas such as those of lung or breast. Piriform sinus carcinoma with PS is extremely rare. We here report a case of piriform sinus carcinoma accompanied by PS that was initially misdiagnosed as adult onset Still's disease and describe our diagnosis and treatment. One lesson we have drawn from the experience of this misdiagnosis is that PS symptoms may manifest before the primary tumor is evident and complicate the diagnostic process.

  2. [Goethe's morphology definition and the problem of relationship of the Cro-magnons to the primitive Germans (Carl Gegenbaur)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scharf, J H

    1978-01-01

    The problem of the Teutons' origin has been considered to be open up to this day though some scientists have worked on this field since 1912. Anthropologists and linguists as BRAUN, FEIST, GUNTERT, KOPPELMANN, PAUDLER and V.D. VELDEN produced many evidences in favour of the hypothesis the Teutons to be a mixture of the Old European Cro-Magnons speaking an archaic ural-altaic idiom with the Indo-Europeans immigrating into Europe from Asia. The Kelts may have a similar origin but they might include the Berbers of ancient Iberia as a third component. The hypothesis mentioned above was able to be ignored as far as an archaic language of the postulated type was unknown in the extremely western Euro-Saharanian territory. By means of a aerohydrodynamic model a hint was received to the probable existence of such a language in western Atlas or in one of the Mauretanian oases. This is not the case. But an archaic not-Berberized language preserved until the Spanish Conquest is found on the central isles of the Canary Islands. This language is handed down by some Spanish, Portuguese, and French chroniclers but mostly by the Italian engineer TORRIANI. His autograph found out and published by WOLFEL (1940) contains two poems (endechas), some sentences, and many separate words. Other clauses and single words are held in the manuscripts of the other writers. The oldest layer of Canary language (i.e. the Altaic stratum) passed for unintelligible until the summer of 1977. The earliest colonization of the Canary Islands by Crô-Magnons is doubtless on the strength of many anthropological examinations. The analysis of the two endechas and of 12 clauses tolerably handed down shows an Altaic language of an early type which still consists of words and formatives surviving only in one or two of the today's Altaic daughter-languages as Turkish, Mongolian, and Tunguso-Manchu, only seldom in all of them. The conicidence of surviving both of Crô-Magnon-typical men and of the archaic Altaic

  3. Incorporating insect infestation into rodent seed dispersal: better if the larva is still inside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea, Ramón; López, David; San Miguel, Alfonso; Gil, Luis

    2012-11-01

    Many nutritious seeds are commonly attacked by insects which feed on the seed reserves. However, studies have not fully explored the ecological implications of insect infestation in animal seed dispersal and subsequent plant regeneration. Our question is whether the fact that an infested seed still contains the larva or not might increase/decrease the probability of being successfully dispersed by animals. This study examines the effects of weevil-infested seeds on the natural regeneration of a rodent-dispersed oak species. Rodents showed a high ability to discriminate between sound and infested seeds, even when the larva was still inside. As a result, rodents caused differential seed dispersal for sound and infested seeds by modifying multiple aspects of the dispersal process. We found that, for the same seed weight, infested acorns with a larva still inside can contribute to natural regeneration (0.7 % of seedlings in next summer), although in comparison to sound acorns they suffered higher predation rates by rodents (both partial and complete), were removed later from the ground (less preferred), cached less frequently, and dispersed to shorter distances, which reduced their potential to colonize new environments. However, infested seeds with exit holes are notably less preferred by rodents and, when dispersed, they are mostly deposited on the litter (uncached) with shorter dispersal distances and lower emergence success. Thus, the probability that larval-holed acorns will produce viable seedlings is extremely low (null in this study). Whether infested seeds still contain a larva or not clearly determines the probability of being successfully dispersed. Premature seed drop prolongs the presence of the larva inside the acorn after seed drop, and could be a possible mechanism to allow dispersal of infested seeds.

  4. Somatic Embryogenesis: Still a Relevant Technique in Citrus Improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, Ahmad A; Dutt, Manjul; Gmitter, Frederick G; Grosser, Jude W

    2016-01-01

    The genus Citrus contains numerous fresh and processed fruit cultivars that are economically important worldwide. New cultivars are needed to battle industry threatening diseases and to create new marketing opportunities. Citrus improvement by conventional methods alone has many limitations that can be overcome by applications of emerging biotechnologies, generally requiring cell to plant regeneration. Many citrus genotypes are amenable to somatic embryogenesis, which became a key regeneration pathway in many experimental approaches to cultivar improvement. This chapter provides a brief history of plant somatic embryogenesis with focus on citrus, followed by a discussion of proven applications in biotechnology-facilitated citrus improvement techniques, such as somatic hybridization, somatic cybridization, genetic transformation, and the exploitation of somaclonal variation. Finally, two important new protocols that feature plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis are provided: protoplast transformation and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of embryogenic cell suspension cultures.

  5. Carl Jung's interpretation of Wolfgang Pauli's dreams: The Bailey Island, Maine, and New York City seminars of 1936 and 1937

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Richard Paul

    This dissertation reviewed the development of Jung's dream theory and addresses the question as to whether or not Jung was influenced by the dreams of the Nobel Prize winning physicist, Wolfgang Pauli. Jung provided an extensive analysis of Pauli's dreams, which are contained in the lightly edited, unpublished transcripts of lectures delivered in 1936 and 1937. An archival and hermeneutic analysis of the texts reveals a staged process of individuation that Jung related to in many ways because of the parallels to his own personal journey toward individuation. A chronological history of the development of Jung's dream theory is presented, followed by a picture of the relationship between Jung and Pauli. Thereafter, a detailed summary of the seminar transcripts, one given on Bailey Island, Maine, and the other in New York City the following year, is offered with hermeneutic commentary. An analysis of the seminars found that Pauli's dreams did, in part, support Jung's theory. Specifically, while Jung was unable to meet the scientific demands for clear empirical evidence of his dream theory, he did offer his professional and non-professional audiences with a slightly less rigorous example of his dream theory in action, demonstrating that the process shared similarities across peoples, time, and cultures. Additionally, in Pauli he found a superior mind that had gone through the process of individuation in accordance with his theory and his own experience. During the course of research, reference to a document was found in the correspondence in the Jungian Archives in Zurich. This document entitled, "FAREWELL SPEECH, Given by Dr. C. G. Jung on the Occasion of a Dinner Given in His Honor by the Analytical Psychology Club of New York City October 26, 1937" and other related documents were subsequently uncovered in the sub-basement of the Kristine Mann Library in New York City. A synopsis of the discovery and description of the papers contained in the file are discussed in

  6. Hobbes, les pirates et les corsaires. Le « Léviathan échoué » selon Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Weber

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les nombreux problèmes que pose l’ouvrage de Carl Schmitt Le Léviathan dans la doctrine de l’État de Thomas Hobbes, il en est un, majeur, qui concerne l’utilisation de la « mythologie politique » pour expliquer la réalité ou les doctrines politiques. Il y a là, à n’en pas douter, l’expression de l’un des versants de l’irrationalisme de Schmitt. La thèse de l’auteur est très claire : parce que Hobbes ne possédait aucun « sens mythologique », il s’est trompé de monstre biblique, appelant Leviathan son traité consacré au pouvoir d’État, alors qu’il aurait dû l’appeler plus adéquatement Behemoth, manquant du coup la Meeresbild caractérisant l’Angleterre de son temps. La thèse peut paraître séduisante, elle s’appuie néanmoins sur un présupposé fort contestable, car Hobbes ne vise nullement à créer des mythes. Il s’agit donc d’interroger la théorisation hobbesienne de la piraterie, d’une part, et de la dissidence religieuse « sauvage », d’autre part, afin de montrer que le choix par Hobbes des monstres du Livre de Job est un choix rationnellement assumé.

  7. Is Fortran Still Relevant? Comparing Fortran with Java and C++

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahid Alam

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a comparative study to evaluate and compare Fortran with the two most popular programming languages Java and C++. Fortran has gone through major and minor extensions in the years 2003 and 2008. (1 How much have these extensions made Fortran comparable to Java and ++? (2 What are the differences and similarities, in supporting features like: Templates, object constructors and destructors, abstract data types and dynamic binding? These are the main questions we are trying to answer in this study. An object-oriented ray tracing application is implemented in these three languages to compare them. By using only one program we ensured there was only one set of requirements thus making the comparison homogeneous. Based on our literature survey this is the first study carried out to compare these languages by applying software metrics to the ray tracing application and comparing these results with the similarities and differences found in practice. We motivate the language implementers and compiler developers, by providing binary analysis and profiling of the application, to improve Fortran object handling and processing, and hence making it more prolific and general. This study facilitates and encourages the reader to further explore, study and use these languages more effectively and productively, especially Fortran.

  8. The Mad Genius Stereotype: Still Alive and Well

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Gabriele eBaudson

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Scientists and laypeople agree on high ability as a defining feature of giftedness. Yet their views on gifted people’s socioemotional characteristics diverge. Most studies find the gifted to be similar or slightly superior to average-ability persons in these domains (harmony hypothesis. However, subjective conceptions and media representations, most of which have focused on gifted children and youth, stress the socioemotional downsides of giftedness (disharmony hypothesis, affecting highly able individuals and those around them, thus hampering individual development. To date, most studies on gifted stereotypes have examined selective samples, mostly teachers. The present study is the first to provide representative data on conceptions of gifted individuals in general. A brief survey of 1,029 German adults assessed quality and prevalence of stereotypes about gifted individuals, without an explicit focus on children and/or adolescents. Latent class analysis revealed two conceptions of giftedness, with twice as many disharmonious than harmonious raters. Male gender, single parenthood, unemployment, higher income or negative attitudes towards the gifted predicted disharmonious ratings. However, effects were small, suggesting future studies look deeper into the processes of stereotype formation and maintenance.

  9. Semiconductors: Still a Wide Open Frontier for Scientists/Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, David G.

    1997-10-01

    A 1995 Business Week article described several features of the explosive use of semiconductor chips today: ``Booming'' personal computer markets are driving high demand for microprocessors and memory chips; (2) New information superhighway markets will `ignite' sales of multimedia and communication chips; and (3) Demand for digital-signal-processing and data-compression chips, which speed up video and graphics, is `red hot.' A Washington Post article by Stan Hinden said that technology is creating an unstoppable demand for electronic elements. This ``digital pervasiveness'' means that a semiconductor chip is going into almost every high-tech product that people buy - cars, televisions, video recorders, telephones, radios, alarm clocks, coffee pots, etc. ``Semiconductors are everywhere.'' Silicon and compound semiconductors are absolutely essential and are pervasive enablers for DoD operations and systems. DoD's Critical Technologies Plan of 1991 says that ``Semiconductor materials and microelectronics are critically important and appropriately lead the list of critical defense technologies.'' These trends continue unabated. This talk describes some of the frontiers of semiconductors today and shows how scientists and engineers can effectively contribute to its advancement. Cooperative, multidisciplinary efforts are increasing. Specific examples will be given for scanning capacitance microscopy and thin-film metrology.

  10. The complete practitioner: still a work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Jeffrey E

    2009-11-01

    When one is reflecting on a career as a practitioner, a number of important influences, themes, and elements that contribute to being a successful practitioner are evident. The achievement of this success is not a solitary activity. Many role models and mentors serve as important influences and guides for developing as a professional over the course of one's career. Ultimately, the goal is to aspire to become a complete practitioner. This includes being a passionate professional, clinically competent, a psychotherapist and clinician, an active consumer of research findings, ethical, a role model, a mentor, psychologically healthy, an advocate, a leader, a volunteer, an educator, a scholar, a colleague, a business person and entrepreneur, and an innovator and visionary; focusing on diversity and multicultural competence; and having a comprehensive vision of health. Because the goal of being a complete practitioner is aspirational, one never fully masters each of these roles and attributes but remains a work in progress. Yet, the process of endeavoring to become a complete practitioner is rewarding, gratifying, and meaningful. It is a journey well worth taking.

  11. We still fail to account for Mendel's observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porteous John W

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present article corrects common textbook accounts of Mendel's experiments by re-establishing what he wrote and how he accounted for his observations. It notes the long-established tests for the validity of any explanations that purport to explain observations obtained by experiment. Application of these tests to Mendel's paper shows that the arguments he used to explain his observations were internally consistent but were, on one crucial issue, implausible. The same tests are applied to the currently accepted explanation for Mendel's observations. Conclusions The currently favoured explanation for Mendel's observations is untenable. It misrepresents Mendel, fails to distinguish between the parameters and the variables of any system of interacting components, its arguments are inconsistent, it repeats the implausibility in Mendel's paper, fails to give a rational explanation for his observed 3:1 trait ratio and cannot explain why this ratio is not always observed in experimental practice. A rational explanation for Mendel's observations is initiated. Readers are challenged to complete the process before a further article appears.

  12. Sorafenib for lung cancer: is the "Battle" still open?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bria, Emilio; Pilotto, Sara; Tortora, Giampaolo

    2012-10-01

    In the recent years, the improved understanding of the biological relevance of angiogenesis as a major cancer hallmark led to the development of a heterogeneous group of agents targeting this key process. Among the anti-angiogenic drugs (including monoclonal antibodies such as Bevacizumab, and other molecules with different mechanism of action, such as the vascular disrupting agents Vadimezan), the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs, Sorafenib, Sunitinib, Pazopanib, and Axitinib), are commonly thought to inhibit angiogenesis through a most rational and promising approach. In this regard, many tyrosine kinase inibitors, such as Sorafenib, are multi-targeted, which allows for the inhibition of those multiple functional pathways which are considered to be critical for both tumor development and progression. Besides, this multi-targeted activity may theoretically increase efficacy but also toxicity. As a member of this group, Sorafenib has already been approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and hepatocellular carcinoma not suitable for locoregional treatment, and it is currently under investigation for advanced non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), either alone or in combination with other biological/cytotoxic agents.

  13. The Mad Genius Stereotype: Still Alive and Well.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudson, Tanja G

    2016-01-01

    Scientists and laypeople agree on high ability as a defining feature of giftedness. Yet their views on gifted people's socioemotional characteristics diverge. Most studies find the gifted to be similar or slightly superior to average-ability persons in these domains ("harmony hypothesis"). However, subjective conceptions and media representations, most of which have focused on gifted children and youth, stress the socioemotional downsides of giftedness ("disharmony hypothesis"), affecting highly able individuals and those around them, thus hampering individual development. To date, most studies on gifted stereotypes have examined selective samples, mostly teachers. The present study is the first to provide representative data on conceptions of gifted individuals in general. A brief survey of 1029 German adults assessed quality and prevalence of stereotypes about gifted individuals, without an explicit focus on children and/or adolescents. Latent class analysis (LCA) revealed two conceptions of giftedness, with twice as many "disharmonious" than "harmonious" raters. Male gender, single parenthood, unemployment, higher income or negative attitudes toward the gifted predicted disharmonious ratings. However, effects were small, suggesting future studies look deeper into the processes of stereotype formation and maintenance.

  14. Disease patterns in vasculitis-still a mystery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Gary S

    2008-01-01

    In the field of autoimmunity, much has been learned from studying circulating and tissue bound immune-reactive cells, cytokines and antibodies. However, what has brought those cells to the site of injury, for most forms of vasculitis remains a mystery. Might the etiology of at least certain forms of vasculitis be related to generation of neoantigens in the native vessel, making that vessel the target of a pathogenic immune response? How might one explain organ targeting and patterns of disease that are so critical to the diagnostic process? Embryologists have demonstrated great diversity in the vasculature of different organs. Unique quantitative and qualitative features become apparent in vascular territories as early as the third week of gestation. These differences are later amplified by the effects of further development, aging, infection, spontaneous mutations and other co-morbidities. Based on data from these observations a testable hypothesis would be that many forms of vasculitis may begin with emergence of new antigens within affected vessel walls and the resulting immune response may in fact be a normal reaction to perceived foreign protein(s).

  15. Without the science of intangibles, the earth is still flat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, M. R.

    2008-02-01

    The modern age, leading up to the Information age, has been dominated by Europe-centered science, often termed as the 'New Science'. Even though it is not readily recognized, the root of this New Science lies within Aristotle's theory of excluded middle and old Greek philosophy that confuses between ideal and real. These same principles, which is synonymous with the short-term approach (focusing on tangibles or taking Δt to 0), was supported by the Roman Catholic Church, which, in turn opposed the emergence of New Science. This dichotomy is not clear as the original science (as in process) has been divided into many branches, such as hard science, social science, theology, and others. Because this distinction is not clear, a scientist can be pro-science and pro-Church at the same time. This would explain why most scientists who are credited to have pioneered new science did not confront the fundamental dogmas of the Church. Galileo, for instance, never opposed the original dogma of Catholic church yet he drew the wrath of the church because he opposed the literal (tangible) meaning of the book that was being promoted as the holy book (bible literally means, The Book). In scientific sense, what Thomas Aquinas, the man credited to have revived Aristotelian logic (via Averröes's translation), was to Christianity what Newton was to New Science and Mathematics. Both of them based their syllogism on the first premise that was aphenomenal. It is no surprise that most of the New Scientists are 'believers' of Christianity. Greek philosophical notions of idea or form could not be verified or disproved by experiment, so outside of mathematics, the Greek philosophical approach was sloughed off in experimental science. The problem was that neither the Greek notions of idea and form, nor experimental science, revealed the truths of nature. Yet, those notions were dominant in New Science. Experimental studies had the advantage of helping to eliminate what was outrightly false

  16. Philosophy of biology. Is there still a need for philosophy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graziano, Mario

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we now focus on critically examining the theoretical and methodological conceptual foundations in the particular field of science of the living, namely the philosophy of biology. The latter seems to draw attention to two disparate disciplines in methods and scope of interest. On the one hand there seems to be a point of view that considers the cognitive phenomenon in question in a way so as to say "abstract", i.e. as something that seeks to determine the nature or essence, to use a term dear to many philosophers. On the other hand, there is a point of view that considers these phenomena in the actual place, the result of a process caused by the cognitive system of the subject, if the latter, of course, does not mean that they are human beings. We will argue that the two approaches do not represent two distinct planes of research: in fact philosophy takes on a main task, namely helping to lay the foundations for a philosophy of nature capable of meeting first a completeness, that is, to describe and explain what is special in all the different layers of the different natural systems.

  17. CBT for Adolescents With Anxiety: Mature Yet Still Developing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Philip C; Peterman, Jeremy S

    2015-06-01

    Anxiety disorders are common in adolescents (ages 12 to 18) and contribute to a range of impairments. There has been speculation that adolescents with anxiety are at risk for being treatment nonresponders. In this review, the authors examine the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescents with anxiety. Outcomes from mixed child and adolescent samples and from adolescent-only samples indicate that approximately two-thirds of youths respond favorably to CBT. CBT produces moderate to large effects and shows superiority over control/comparison conditions. The literature does not support differential outcomes by age: adolescents do not consistently manifest poorer outcomes relative to children. Although extinction paradigms find prolonged fear extinction in adolescent samples, basic research does not fully align with the processes and goals of real-life exposure. Furthermore, CBT is flexible and allows for tailored application in adolescents, and it may be delivered in alternative formats (i.e., brief, computer/Internet, school-based, and transdiagnostic CBT).

  18. Still Partners and Still Dissident After All These Years? Wallerstein, World Revolutions and the World-Systems Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William G. Martin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay owes its origins to the provocative title of a recent article by Immanuel Wallerstein: “The Rise and Future Demise of World-systems Analysis” (1998a. “Demise”? What might this mean? The title evokes, of course, Wallerstein’s pathbreaking 1974 essay that spoke of “The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System.” Twenty-?ve years later, Wallerstein is bold enough to speak of the demise of the perspective, a perspective that now encompasses a global group of scholars. For world-systems scholarship has, since 1974, thrived in book series, journals, universities and professional organizations—creating in the process a world-systems diaspora scattered around the planet.

  19. Oilsands race: investment intentions at $61 billion and still counting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, K. L.

    2001-08-06

    Oil sand projects underway and in announced planning stages add up to $61 billion, suggesting that after a two decade struggle to adapt the technology to the market gyrations set off by the energy free trade, mastery of the world's biggest oil deposit appears to be at hand. It is forecast that oil sands production will more than triple by 2010 to 1.9 million barrels per day from the present 580,000. Reduction in production costs to about US$10-12 per barrel, and expectations of as little as US$8 per barrel, also indicate that oilsands production is now a mature industry. There are some 5,000 tradesmen working on Suncor's Project Millennium which will double the Suncor plant's output to 225,000 barrels per day by 2002. The target for 2005 is set at 260,000 barrels. Allied plans call for a $350 million upgrader expansion. Suncor hopes to reach combined mining and in-situ output of 450,000 barrels a day by 2008. Although Suncor's projected cost has risen by 56 per cent to $3.25 billion, the expansion plan has not paused. Company spokespeople estimate that the whole project is competitive at $10 a barrel. Syncrude likewise continues on its $8 billion Syncrude 21 project begun in 1996 and expected to be completed in 2007. The new Aurora Mine helped raise production to 90 million barrels in 2000. This, coupled with improvements to the complex's Mildred Lake processing site and overall production gain of 100,000 barrels per day, promises more than 360,000 barrels per day by 2005. There is also the $1.8 billion Muskeg River Mine project by the Albian Sands partnership (Shell, Chevron and Western Oilsands) and two more in-situ development projects in the planning stages by Petro-Canada in the Fort McMurray area, each rated as a potential 60,000 barrel per day producer. The most ambitious plan by an oilsands newcomer remains the $8 billion package called Horizon, proposed by Canadian Natural Resources, with regulatory applications in 2002, and output

  20. Does society still matter? Mental health and illness in the 21.th century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringø, Pia

    2013-01-01

    The chapters in the final section of the book move us back again from the particular towards the general level of sociological analysis and diagnosis by building bridges linking the subtle and diffuse ways in which micro-processes and molecular biopower map onto processes at the most general level...... of social transformation and civilizational change. Pia Ringø’s Chapter 9, ‘Does Society Still Matter? Mental Health and Illness and the Social Sciences in the Twenty-first Century’, examines the ways in which the scientific character of psychiatry and the managerial-technological principle that scientific...... methods that identify truth with certain ways of acquiring knowledge can produce more effective treatment measures, tends to abandon the fundamental problems of psychiatry. The complexities of emotional life and the existential and moral problems of what it means to be a healthy human being...

  1. A Psicologia da Religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Lemos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available LEMOS, Luiz Henrique. A Psicologia da religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung. 2013. 127f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências da Religião – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  2. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade; Tipos psi...

  3. Still Brewing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Tea culture and China are synonymous, but even old-style teahouses have to change with the times Xinquan Tea House is filled with old men who seemingly have known each other for years. They share unrestrained and far-ranging conversations on topics that range from tea ceremony culture to how to sort out all the world's troubles. Situated in De'nei Dajie street in downtown Beijing, this teahouse is known as a qingchaguan (teahouse serving tea without

  4. Still Arguing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The origin and ongoing debate of the South China Sea issue The South China Sea dispute centers on the sovereignty over the Nansha Islands,a net work of islands that stretches 1,000 km from north to south in the southeastern corner of the sea.

  5. Still Alice

    OpenAIRE

    Massa, Lilian Dias Bernardo; Faria,Lina Rodrigues de

    2015-01-01

    Alice Howland (Julianne Moore), happily married with three grown children, is a renowned linguistics professor who starts to forget words. When she receives a diagnosis of Early-Onset Alzheimer's Disease, Alice and her family find their bonds thoroughly tested. Her struggle to stay connected to who she once was is frightening, heartbreaking, and inspiring. Alice Howland (Julianne Moore), felizmente casada y con tres hijos, es una renombrada profesora de lingüística que empieza a olvidar pa...

  6. Still Here

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison N. Sinanan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study explores perceptions of the academic, social, and institutional forces that shape success for African American male students attending a 4-year, predominately White public college in southern New Jersey. This study utilized an interview-based qualitative research method to examine African American male students’ social and academic experiences at a small, predominantly White, liberal arts college in southern New Jersey. Attention to the experiences of African American male students attending White colleges is particularly important because issues surrounding social receptivity (i.e., the general acceptance of an individual or group’s presence are factors that play a significant part of the students’ learning experience. This study found that in 21st-century America, the African American male students’ perceptions of and experiences with social receptivity at a predominantly White institution (PWI can have a significant impact on the students’ learning experience. The major themes of this study that emerged were “Level of Preparation for College Life at a PWI,” “Lack of Belonging in a New Social Environment,” “Feelings of Social and Personal Isolation,” and “Feelings of Negativity Toward the Faculty.”

  7. Still Strong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s economic prospect remains slick,though monetary tightening has slowed growth The Chinese economy is steering a stable course, though uncertainties are gathering over the growth outlook.China’s GDP in the first three quarters of 2011 grew 9.4 percent year on year to 32 trillion

  8. Spiral multiple-effect diffusion solar still coupled with vacuum-tube collector and heat pipe

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Bin-Juine

    2015-04-01

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. A novel solar still with spiral-shape multiple-effect diffusion unit is developed in the present study. The test results of a 14-effect unit coupled with vacuum-tube solar collector (absorber area 1.08m2) show that the highest daily pure water production is 40.6kgd-1. The measured highest productivity based on the area of glass cover, solar absorber, and evaporating surface is 34.7, 40.6, and 7.96kgm-2d-1, respectively, which are much higher than the published results. The measured solar distillation efficiency is 2.0-3.5. The performance enhancement results mainly from the lateral diffusion process in the spiraled still cell. The vapor flow generated by heat input can flow freely and laterally through the spiral channel down to the end when solar heat input is high. Besides, the larger evaporating and condensing area at the outer cell may increase heat and mass transfer at the outer cell.

  9. A Layered Approach for Robust Spatial Virtual Human Pose Reconstruction Using a Still Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengyu Guo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pedestrian detection and human pose estimation are instructive for reconstructing a three-dimensional scenario and for robot navigation, particularly when large amounts of vision data are captured using various data-recording techniques. Using an unrestricted capture scheme, which produces occlusions or breezing, the information describing each part of a human body and the relationship between each part or even different pedestrians must be present in a still image. Using this framework, a multi-layered, spatial, virtual, human pose reconstruction framework is presented in this study to recover any deficient information in planar images. In this framework, a hierarchical parts-based deep model is used to detect body parts by using the available restricted information in a still image and is then combined with spatial Markov random fields to re-estimate the accurate joint positions in the deep network. Then, the planar estimation results are mapped onto a virtual three-dimensional space using multiple constraints to recover any deficient spatial information. The proposed approach can be viewed as a general pre-processing method to guide the generation of continuous, three-dimensional motion data. The experiment results of this study are used to describe the effectiveness and usability of the proposed approach.

  10. Vehicle Detection in Still Images by Using Boosted Local Feature Detector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing LIN; Young-joon HAN; Hern-soo HAHN

    2010-01-01

    Vehicle detection in still images is a comparatively difficult task.This paper presents a method for this task by using boosted local pattem detector constructed from two local features including Haar-like and oriented gradient features.The whole process is composed of three stages.In the first stage,local appearance features of vehicles and non-vehicle objects are extracted.Haar-like and oriented gradient features arc extracted separately in this stage as local features.In the second stage,Adaboost algorithm is used to select the mast discriminative features as weak detectors from the two local feature sets,and a strong local pattern detector is built by the weighted combination of these selected weak detectors.Finally,vehicle detection can be performed in still images by using the boosted strong local feature detector.Experiment results show that the local pattern detectur constructed in this way combines the advantages of Haar-like and oriented gradient features,and can achieve better detection results than the datector by using single Haar-like features.

  11. Animal testing is still the best way to find new treatments for patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garattini, Silvio; Grignaschi, Giuliano

    2017-04-01

    Experimental research proceeds by hypotheses formulated on the basis of previous or new knowledge and then tested. If they are accepted, they serve as the basis for further hypotheses, and if they are rejected new hypotheses can be developed. In other words, when we are at the frontiers of knowledge the path is forged by "trial and error". When a trial shows a hypothesis is wrong, this is a step toward making fewer errors. This process also applies to drug development. There is no magic formula at present to predict - at the pre-clinical level - the therapeutic value of a drug for people with a disease. However, pre-clinical studies are needed in order to formulate hypotheses that justify clinical trials. Without these preliminary studies in vitro and in vivo in selected animal species it would be unethical to test still unproven chemicals in humans.

  12. A Critical View of Current State of Phytotechnologies to Remediate Soils: Still a Promising Tool?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conesa, Héctor M.; Evangelou, Michael W. H.; Robinson, Brett H.; Schulin, Rainer

    2012-01-01

    Phytotechnologies are often shown as an emerging tool to remediate contaminated soils. Research in this field has resulted in many important findings relating to plant and soil sciences. However, there have been scant private and public investments and little commercial success with this technology. Here, we investigate the barriers to the adoption of phytotechnologies and determine whether it is still a fertile area for future research. The terminology used in phytotechnologies includes a confusing mish-mash of terms relating to concepts and processes increasing the difficulty of developing a unique commercial image. We argue that the commercial success of phytotechnologies depends on the generation of valuable biomass on contaminated land, rather than a pure remediation technique that may not compare favourably with the costs of inaction or alternative technologies. Valuable biomass includes timber, bioenergy, feedstock for pyrolosis, biofortified products, or ecologically important species. PMID:22272168

  13. Classification of underwater still objects based on multi-field features and SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Jie; XUE Shan-hua; HUANG Hai-ning; ZHANG Chun-hua

    2007-01-01

    A Support Vector Machine is used as a classifier to the automatic detection and recognition of underwater still objects. Discrimination between the objects can be transferred into different projection spaces by the process of multi-field feature extraction. The multi-field feature vector includes time-domain, spectral, time-frequency distribution and bi-spectral features. Underwater target recognition can be considered as a problem of small sample recognition. SVM algorithm is appropriate to this kind of problems because of its outstanding generalizability. The SVM is contrasted with a Gaussian classifier and a k-nearest classifier in some experiments using real data of lake or sea trial. The experimental results indicate that SVM is better than the others two.

  14. Inverter and Motor Model Adaptation at Stand-Still Using Reference Voltages and Measured Currents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik; Tønnes, M.; Knudsen, Morten

    1995-01-01

    A model adaptation method for estimating the electrical parameters of an induction motor at stand-still is described.......A model adaptation method for estimating the electrical parameters of an induction motor at stand-still is described....

  15. On the Unfathomableness of Consciousness by Consciousness: Why do physicists widely agree on the assured extent of their professional knowledge, but not so philosophers? An exchange of letters with Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker

    CERN Document Server

    Gottstein, K

    2003-01-01

    On the occasion of Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker's 81st birthday, a colloquium was held on July 3, 1993. One of the topics was "The epistemological foundation of physics from Kant to von Weizsaecker". I took part in the discussion. Afterwards I got the impression that I had not succeeded in making my points clear. Therefore, I wrote an explanatory letter to Prof. von Weizsaecker. This was the beginning of a correspondence on the questions intimated by the title above. In addition, a private discussion between Prof. von Weizsaecker and myself took place. Some readers may be interested in the answers which Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker has given to the naive questions and views of a physicist with only a rudimentary education in philosophy. The starting point of our discussion was my remark that the conspicuous inability of philosophers to agree on the deepest elements of human existence including the basic questions of ethics, which is tantamount to the occurrence of different schools of philosophy competing...

  16. Fever of unknown origin and leukemoid reaction as initial presentation of adult-onset Still's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo-Cabello, Alfredo José; Manzano-Gamero, Victoria; Javier-Martínez, Rosario

    2014-01-01

    Adult Still's Disease has been reported as cause of Fever of Unknown Origin. Leukocytosis has been described as a common haematological abnormality in Adult Still's Disease. In some rare cases, leukemoid reaction has been reported associated to Still's Disease. We report the case of Adult Still's Disease presenting as Fever of Unknown Origin and leukemoid reaction in a patient with Down Syndrome. The patient needed high dosage of corticosteroids to control the disease and haematological findings.

  17. Carl Robert Jakobson / Ernits Villem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits, Villem, 1891-1982

    2013-01-01

    Jakobsoni ajast Eestis ja maailmas. Jakobsoni eluloost, tööst ja tegevusest. Näiteid Jakobsoni luulest ja tõlgetest. Jakobsoni usulistest vaadetest ja tema "Kolmest isamaakõnest", koolikirjandusest, tööst põllutöö edendamisel (seltsid ja kirjandus). Jakobsonist kui ajakirjanikust

  18. Malcolm Knowles and Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Dennis L.

    1984-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine primary concerns related to the introduction of Knowles's and Rogers's theories of adult education. Comparison of andragogy and student-centered theories includes the following areas: overview, foundations, general goals, learning principles, and teaching and learning and is followed by a summary and…

  19. Teori Individuasi Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Th.J Weismann

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat pada masa kini adalah masyarakat yang telah beralih dari masyarakat tradisional menjadi masyarakat modern. Masyarakat modern punya ciri khas tersendiri begitu pula dengan masyarakat pasca modern. C. G. Jung membahas tentang masyarakat yang berindividuasi. Apakah masyarakat yang berindividuasi itu adalah termasuk dalam salah satu ciri dari masyarakat modern.Individu yang mampu mengatasi persoalan masyarakat moderen ialah individu yang mencapai tahap-tahap proses individuasi ini atau yang disebut pula sebagai individu yang berindividuasi.

  20. Determination of rational design parameters of a multi-stage solar water desalination still using transient mathematical modelling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shatat, M.I.M.; Mahkamov, K. [School of Engineering, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-15

    The paper describes the experimental investigations of the performance of a multi-stage water desalination still connected to a heat pipe evacuated tube solar collector with aperture area of 1.7 m{sup 2}. The multi-stage solar still water desalination system was designed to recover latent heat from evaporation and condensation processes in four stages. The variation in the solar radiation during a typical mid-summer day in the Middle East region was simulated on the test rig using an array of 110 halogen floodlights covering the area of the collector. The results of tests demonstrate that the system produces about 9 kg of fresh water per day and has a solar collector efficiency of about 68%. However, the overall efficiency of the laboratory test rig at this stage of the investigations was found to be at the level of 33% due to excessive heat losses in the system. The analysis of the distilled water showed that its quality was within the World Health Organization guidelines. The still's operation was numerically simulated by employing a mathematical model based on a system of ordinary energy and mass conservation differential equations written for each stage of the still. A computer program was developed for transient simulations of the evaporation and condensation processes inside the multi-stage still. Experimental results obtained and theoretical predictions were found to be in good agreement. The results on the determination of rational design dimensions and number of stages of the still for a given aperture of the solar collector are also presented in this work. (author)

  1. Computer-Aided Design, Modeling and Simulation of a New Solar Still Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy (Zheng Li

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The clean and pure drinking water is important in today's life but current water sources are usually brackish with bacteria that cannot be used for drinking. About 78% of water available in the sea is salty, 21% of water is brackish, and only 1% of water is fresh. Distillation is one of the feasible processes applied to water purification, and it requires the energy inputs, such as solar radiation. Water is evaporated in this distillation process and water vapor can be separated and condensed to pure water. Now, with the change from conventional fuels to renewable and environment friendly fuels sources, the modern technology allows to use the abundant energy from the sun. It is better to use solar energy to process the water desalination since it is more economical than the use of conventional energies. The main focus of this paper is applying computer-aided modeling and simulation to design a less complex solar water distillation system. The prototype of this solar still system is also built to verify its feasibility, functionality, and reliability. The computational simulation and prototype testing show the reliability and proper functionality of this solar water distillation system.

  2. 78 FR 52209 - Proposed Fee Schedule for Commercial Filming and Still Photography Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... Forest Service Proposed Fee Schedule for Commercial Filming and Still Photography Permits AGENCY: Office... commercial filming and still photography conducted on public lands under their jurisdiction. The proposed fee schedule would establish land-use fees for commercial filming and still photography that are consistent...

  3. 78 FR 52087 - Commercial Filming and Similar Projects and Still Photography Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... Service 50 CFR Part 27 RIN 1024-AD30 Commercial Filming and Similar Projects and Still Photography... similar projects and certain still photography activities. DATES: The rule is effective September 23, 2013... of equipment present, and other factors. Authorizes commercial filming and still photography...

  4. 78 FR 58342 - Proposed Fee Schedule for Commercial Filming and Still Photography Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... Forest Service Proposed Fee Schedule for Commercial Filming and Still Photography Permits AGENCY: Office... proposed fee schedule for commercial filming and still photography conducted on public lands under their... commercial filming and still photography that are consistent for the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish...

  5. 27 CFR 24.245 - Use of carbon dioxide in still wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... still wine. 24.245 Section 24.245 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Storage, Treatment and Finishing of Wine § 24.245 Use of carbon dioxide in still wine. The addition of carbon dioxide to (and retention in) still...

  6. Two Approaches of Public Law Philosophy---A Review of Carl Schmitt’s Verfassungslehre%公法哲学的两种进路--卡尔·施米特《宪法学说》评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘福元

    2014-01-01

    《宪法学说》是施米特最为重要的公法哲学著作之一,其理路在于,紧急状态下的专政体现了国家的本质特征,而实定的宪法则是政治统一体的总体决断;由宪法律确立的议会民主不能超越政治决断本身,遇有这种危险发生,应当通过宪法律中的专政条款加以制止。相反,另一种公法哲学即自由主义进路则否定国家的自在性,认为国家的正当性只能从个人权利中推演出来,国家不能超越授权侵犯国民。尽管这两种公法哲学都有逻辑上的缺陷,但在不同国家、不同历史环境下实施的效果却不相同。选择适合本国土壤的公法模式并在实施过程中尽力弥补它的缺陷,才是公法哲学发展的正当路径。%Verfassungslehre is one of the most important public law works of Carl Schmitt.In the opinion of Schmitt,the dictator-ship in the state of emergency indicates the essence of the state and the substantial constitution is the total resolution of the political unity.The parliamentary democracy determined by the constitutional law can not overcome the political resolution itself.In case of the danger mentioned above,we should prevent the danger from happening by the articles of dictatorship in the constitutional law. On the contrary,the other approach of public law philosophy-the liberal approach-denies the autonomy of the state,asserting that the legitimacy of the state can be achieved only from the personal rights and the state can not encroach on people if it functions ultra vires.Although the two approaches contain logical drawback,they function differently in different countries and different his-torical environment.We should choose the public law mode that suits the Chinese conditions and remedy some drawbacks during the implementing process.This is a reasonable developmental approach of public law philosophy.

  7. Por que somos tão disciplinares?/Why we are so still disciplined?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Casimiro Lopes

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Com base na discussão acumulada no campo do currículo sobre organização do currículo escolar, reflito, neste artigo, sobre a disciplinarização do conhecimento que nos constitui como pesquisadores. Por que ainda somos tão disciplinares? Mesmo em um campo no qual o debate crítico sobre as disciplinas é tão acentuado, por que ainda organizamos nossos periódicos, congressos, processos de avaliação nas agências de fomento e aulas de maneira disciplinar? Analiso neste artigo que a resposta a essas questões não é encontrada nas dinâmicas gerais da organização do conhecimento científico, nem pode ser reduzida à dicotomia entre ser contra ou a favor das disciplinas. Defendo como a discussão sobre as disciplinas nos dirige a um debate sobre política e identidade. Based on the accumulation of discussion in the field of the curriculum regarding the school curricular organization itself, I am reflecting in this paper on the disciplinarization of the knowledge that constitutes us as researchers. Why are we still so disciplined in the actual organization of our research? Even in a field where critical debate on the subjects is so strong, why do we still organize our journals, congresses, development agency evaluation processes and classes in such a disciplinary way? I analyze in this paper that the answer to these questions is not found in a general dynamics of organizing scientific knowledge, nor can it be reduced to a dichotomy between being for or against the disciplines. I argue how the discussion on disciplines reminds us of a debate on politics and identities.

  8. On the Social Developmental Thought of Carl Marx and Marx Webb and Its Contemporary Significance%论卡尔·马克思与马克斯·韦伯的社会发展思想及当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄耀霞

    2013-01-01

    卡尔·马克思认为资本主义的产生和发展是社会生产力不断发展和资本追逐利润共同作用的结果。在此过程中,人的异化是不可避免的。资本主义私有制和生产社会化的矛盾是资本主义社会本身固有的根本矛盾。而马克斯·韦伯认为资本主义的产生和发展是一个合理化或理性化的过程,是资本主义精神促成的结果,人类自身无法克服理性化所带来的苦果。二人提供了两种截然不同的社会变迁的理论,并引发人们在理论和现实层面对现代文明的批判和反思。%Carl Marx believes that the emergence and development of capitalism is the interaction of the development of social productive forces and capital chasing profits;in this process , human alienation is inevitable .The contradictions between capitalist private owner-ship and the socialization of production is the fundamental contradiction of capitalist society itself .Marx Webb believes that the emer-gence and development of capitalism is a process of rationalization , and a result of the spirit of capitalism;human beings are unable to overcome the consequences .The two sociologists provide two distinct social change theories which cause people to face criticism and re -flection of modern civilization in the theoretical and practical level .

  9. Solar desalination system of combined solar still and humidification-dehumidification unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazy, Ahmed; Fath, Hassan E. S.

    2016-11-01

    Solar stills, as a simple technology, have many advantages such as simple design; unsophisticated fabrication; low capital and operation costs and easily maintained. However, their low daily production has put constraints on their usage. A radical improvement in the performance of solar stills can be achieved by the partial recovery of the energy losses from the glass cover of the still. This paper simulates a direct solar distillation system of combined solar still with an air heating humidification-dehumidification (HDH) sub-system. The main objective of the Still-HDH system is to improve the productivity and thermal efficiency of the conventional solar still by partially recovering the still energy losses to the ambient for additional water production. Various procedures have been employed to improve the thermal performance of the integrated system by recovering heat losses from one component in another component of the system. Simulations have been carried out for the performance of the Still-HDH system under different weather conditions. A comparison has been held between the Still-HDH system and a conventional solar still of the same size and under the same operating conditions.

  10. The Alienation of the Still-life Painting to the Still Life%静物画对静物的疏离

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴智江

    2011-01-01

    在西方艺术传统中,静物画由于总是纠缠在对日常事物的细节描绘中,不能创造与纯粹的感官愉悦相对立的精神愉悦,因而被斥为机械的艺术,并被列为艺术家族中的最低形式。因此,一些艺术家进行了成功的探索,他们将静物画与伦理、艺术、审美和创造相联系,让静物画疏离对静物本身的机械的描摹,从而使静物画的价值得到重新确认。%In western art tradition, because it was always entangled in the depiction of those trivial details of everyday objects,and could not create the pure spirit joy which was opposed to the sen- sory pleasure,the still-life painting has been belittled as mechanical art and listed as the lowest form in artistic family. But just under this circumstance, some artists explored successfully, they associated the still-life painting with ethics, art, aesthetic and creativity, alienated the still-life paintings from the still life itself,and then made the value of the still-life painting be reaffirmed.

  11. Ressenya de llibre: César Coll y Carles Monereo (Eds. Psicología de la educación virtual. Aprender y enseñar con las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación. Madrid: Morata.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frida Díaz-Barriga-Arceo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Ressenya de llibre: César Coll y Carles Monereo (Eds. Psicología de la educación virtual. Aprender y enseñar con las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación. Madrid: Morata.

  12. An experimental study on single basin solar still augmented with evacuated tubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampathkumar K.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The productivity of the solar still is determined by the temperature of water in the basin and the glass temperature. Various active methods have been adopted to increase the temperature of the basin, so as to improve the productivity of solar still. Most of the previous research works have been focusing on flat plate collector and concentrating collector. In this experimental study, a single slope solar still directly augmented with evacuated tubes was used to increase the daily productivity by reducing heat losses. Evacuated tubes were directly coupled to the lower side of the single slope solar still with an area of 1m2. Black gravel is used to increase the productivity by means of reducing quantity of water in the basin. Extensive experiments were conducted to explore the performance of solar still in several modes namely still alone, still with black stones, still with evacuated tubes, and still with evacuated tubes and black gravel. The experimental setup was designed and installed at Solar Energy Park, Tamilnadu College of Engineering, Coimbatore (77˚E, 11˚N, Tamilnadu, India. These experiments were conducted using tap water as feed. It was found that, after augmentation of the evacuated tubes, the daily production rate has increased by 49.7 % and it increased by 59.48% with black stones. Economic analysis was also done and payback period of this experimental setup is 235 days.

  13. Carl E. Schorske, La Viena de fin de siglo. Política y cultura : Buenos Aires, Siglo XXI, 2011, 284 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Baltar, Rosalía

    2011-01-01

    La colección “Historia y cultura” dirigida por Luis Alberto Romero para Siglo XXI ha reeditado, dentro de lo que podríamos denominar una auténtica política editorial, —que incluye una primera edición en castellano de El círculo burgués, de Maurice Agulhon, Los orígenes de la Ley Negra de E. P. Thompson, el texto sobre el discurso criollista de Adolfo Prieto, por citar sólo algunos ejemplos relevantes—, el libro de Carl Schorske sobre Viena y el fin de siglo, cuya traducción al castellano —su ...

  14. Formações do argumento autoritário e ditatorial do século XIX ao XX: da teologia política de Donoso Cortés e Jaime Balmes a Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bueno

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa alguns dos compromissos teóricos do conservadorismo no século XIX espanhol cujo marcado enraizamento teológico católico (Donoso Cortés e Jaime Balmes sugerimos manter forte ligação com o autoritarismo. Este artigo analisa os primeiros passos conceituais realizados por Donoso e Balmes e como este pode ter sido uma das bases de apoio para a construção teórica que permitiu que o século XX desenvolvesse sólidas teorias autoritárias, especialmente por intermédio da reinterpretação de Donoso realizada por Carl Schmitt que promoveu a reconstrução da teoria da ditadura.

  15. Le quotidien libéral démocratique contre l'État d'exception. Notes à partir de la résurgence de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romain Felli

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available La théorie politique de Carl Schmitt, juriste allemand engagé dans le parti nazi, connaît un renouveau spectaculaire. En particulier, sa critique de la démocratie libérale, fondée sur une conception « décisionniste » de la politique, et ses réflexions autour de l’État d’exception connaissent un succès au sein d’une partie de l’extrême-gauche. Cet article, ébauche de réflexions, s’interroge sur le rejet du quotidien au profit de l’exceptionnel affiché par ces deux courants de pensée a priori opposés. Il conclut sur la démocratie libérale comme régime du normal et du quotidien.

  16. Mario Carlón, Carlos Scolari. El fin de los medios masivos : Editorial La Crujía, 2009, 267 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Tram[p]as de la Comunicación y la Cultura

    2009-01-01

    En el prólogo del libro Mario Carlón y Carlos Scolari plantean: “En el marco del proceso de cambio que actualmente caracteriza al sistema mediático y la desestabilización que, según se percibe, afecta a los medios masivos, cabe preguntarse ¿seguiremos leyendo diarios y libros? ¿Escucharemos la radio? ¿Se podrá seguir yendo al cine además de ver televisión? Quizás algunos de estos medios desaparezcan, otros sigan adelante y más de uno se adapte al nuevo sistema de medios de comunicación y logr...

  17. Design Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Nis

    2009-01-01

    advantages and challenges of agile processes in mobile software and web businesses are identified. The applicability of these agile processes is discussed in re- gards to design educations and product development in the domain of Industrial Design and is briefly seen in relation to the concept of dromology......Inspiration for most research and optimisations on design processes still seem to focus within the narrow field of the traditional design practise. The focus in this study turns to associated businesses of the design professions in order to learn from their development processes. Through interviews...

  18. Categorical phonotactic knowledge filters second language input, but probabilistic phonotactic knowledge can still be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lentz, Tomas O; Kager, René W J

    2015-09-01

    Probabilistic phonotactic knowledge facilitates perception, but categorical phonotactic illegality can cause misperceptions, especially of non-native phoneme combinations. If misperceptions induced by first language (L1) knowledge filter second language input, access to second language (L2) probabilistic phonotactics is potentially blocked for L2 acquisition. The facilitatory effects of L2 probabilistic phonotactics and categorical filtering effects of L1 phonotactics were compared and contrasted in a series of cross-modal priming experiments. Dutch native listeners and L1 Spanish and Japanese learners of Dutch had to perform a lexical decision task on Dutch words that started with /sC/ clusters that were of different degrees of probabilistic wellformedness in Dutch but illegal in Spanish and Japanese. Versions of target words with Spanish illegality resolving epenthesis in the clusters primed the Spanish group, showing an L1 filter; a similar effect was not found for the Japanese group. In addition, words with wellformed /sC/ clusters were recognised faster, showing a positive effect on processing of probabilistic wellformedness. However, Spanish learners with higher proficiency were facilitated to a greater extent by wellformed but epenthesised clusters, showing that although probabilistic learning occurs in spite of the L1 filter, the acquired probabilistic knowledge is still affected by L1 categorical knowledge. Categorical phonotactic and probabilistic knowledge are of a different nature and interact in acquisition.

  19. Weed control in distress – can all weeds still be controlled with herbicides in future?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drobny, Hans G.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The introduction and availability of highly active and selective herbicides in all important field crops, in the last decades, enabled the simplification and money saving in crop rotations and agronomic measures. This resulted in respective specialized and adapted weed populations, and consequently an increasing selection of resistant populations. Since the introduction of the ALS-inhibitors (starting 1985 and the 4-HPPD-inhibitors (2001, no new MoA-Classes were registered, and there are none in the registration process. Several established herbicides were not registered or re-registered in the EU, or were severely restricted in their application. The cost and the risk to develop and register a new selective herbicide in the EU are hardly justified, in relation to their market potential. The only solution on problem fields, with resistant populations, is to change the agronomic practices, like crop rotation, soil tillage, seeding time, etc., as a precautionary principle also on still „normal“ fields. The different advising institutions have to integrate these aspects into their recommendations, besides the proper herbicide management.

  20. Performance study of selective encryption in comparison to full encryption for still visual images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Osama A.KHASHAN; Abdullah M.ZIN; Elankovan A.SUNDARARAJAN

    2014-01-01

    Securing digital images is becoming an important concern in today’s information security due to the extensive use of secure images that are either transmitted over a network or stored on disks. Image encryption is the most effective way to fulfil confidentiality and protect the privacy of images. Nevertheless, owing to the large size and complex structure of digital images, the computational overhead and processing time needed to carry out full image encryption prove to be limiting factors that inhibit it of being used more heavily in real time. To solve this problem, many recent studies use the selective encryption approach to encrypt significant parts of images with a hope to reduce the encryption overhead. However, it is necessary to realistically evaluate its performance compared to full encryption. In this paper, we study the performance and efficiency of image segmentation methods used in the selective encryption approach, such as edges and face detection methods, in determining the most important parts of visual images. Experiments were performed to analyse the computational results obtained by selective image encryption compared to full image encryption using symmetric encryption algorithms. Experiment results have proven that the selective encryption approach based on edge and face detection can significantly reduce the time of encrypting still visual images as compared to full encryption. Thus, this approach can be considered a good alternative in the implementation of real-time applications that require adequate security levels.

  1. 27 CFR 27.42a - Still wines containing carbon dioxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... carbon dioxide. 27.42a Section 27.42a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... On Imported Distilled Spirits, Wines, and Beer Wines § 27.42a Still wines containing carbon dioxide. Still wines may contain not more than 0.392 gram of carbon dioxide per 100 milliliters of wine;...

  2. The Relevance of the Still Lectures to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkley, Russell A.

    2006-01-01

    In his lectures published in 1902, George Still described 43 children in his clinical practice who had serious problems with sustained attention and self-regulation. George Still certainly did not use the current terminology for this disorder, but many historians of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have inferred that the children he…

  3. Are the Ideas of Learning Kejar Packet A of Indonesia Still Valid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napitupulu, Washington P.

    Introduced in Indonesia in 1977, the Learning Kejar Packet A (LKPA) is an educational program for low-literate people and primary school dropouts. The 20-year-old program is still flourishing, but are its ideas still valid and what are the secrets of its longevity? The first reason probably lies in the contents and design of the learning materials…

  4. An Experimental Study on the Effect of Using Fresnel Lenses on the Performance of Solar Stills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelsalam, Tarek I.; Abdel-Mesih, Bahy

    The global water concern is mainly about the scarcity of fresh water resources despite the abundance of saline and brackish water in oceans, seas, and underground. Solar desalination offers a worthy solution to produce fresh water by using solar radiation, which also lessens the energy concern by offering a renewable source of energy to alter the consumption of fossil fuels and other non-renewable resources. One of the solar desalination technologies is the solar still system, which is a portable unit capable of producing distilled water by evaporating brackish or saline water by using solar thermal energy. The steam is then condensed on the inside of the glass cover and collected as fresh water. Solar stills are easy to manufacture and install using local materials and workmanship, which suits underprivileged remote communities that face difficulties in finding clean potable water, while locating near a source of saline water. However, efficiency and productivity of solar stills are still feeble when compared to other traditional desalination techniques. As an attempt to overcome these issues, an upgraded system is proposed and tested experimentally to augment the incoming solar radiation falling on the top glass surface of the still by concentrating extra solar radiation to preheat the flowing feedwater to the solar still system. The results of the experimental study showed that the integration of linear Fresnel lenses has approximately tripled the productivity of distilled water and improved efficiency of a solar still, by about 68.76 %, when compared to a conventional non-concentrating solar still.

  5. Performance enhancement of modified solar still using water sprinkler: An experimental approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupendra Gupta

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In this communication, existing design of single slope solar still has been modified, developed and tested. The modifications in conventional single slope solar still include (i inside walls painted with white colour and (ii attachment of water sprinkler with constant water flow rate of 0.0001 kg/s on the glass cover. The performance of modified single slope solar still has been evaluated and compared with conventional solar still. Experiments have been carried out on both modified and conventional single slope solar still for 05 cm water depth in the month of April at Jabalpur (Latitude 23°18′ N; Longitude 79°95′ E India. The distilled water output was recorded 2940 ml and 3541 ml from conventional and modified solar stills respectively. Water productivity or yield of single slope solar still is increased by 20% from above modifications. The overall efficiency is increased by 21% over the conventional solar still.

  6. Still Wandering: The Exclusion of Jews from Issues of Social Justice and Multicultural Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Dan Ian

    2013-01-01

    Anti-Semitism, prejudice, and discrimination against Jewish people are still largely absent from the study of social justice issues and multicultural education at the university level. Although often seen as being White, Jews are still discriminated against, with current reports showing that acts of anti-Semitism have been at their highest levels…

  7. Rooting the tree of life: the phylogenetic jury is still out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouy, Richard; Baurain, Denis; Philippe, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to shed light on difficulties in rooting the tree of life (ToL) and to explore the (sociological) reasons underlying the limited interest in accurately addressing this fundamental issue. First, we briefly review the difficulties plaguing phylogenetic inference and the ways to improve the modelling of the substitution process, which is highly heterogeneous, both across sites and over time. We further observe that enriched taxon samplings, better gene samplings and clever data removal strategies have led to numerous revisions of the ToL, and that these improved shallow phylogenies nearly always relocate simple organisms higher in the ToL provided that long-branch attraction artefacts are kept at bay. Then, we note that, despite the flood of genomic data available since 2000, there has been a surprisingly low interest in inferring the root of the ToL. Furthermore, the rare studies dealing with this question were almost always based on methods dating from the 1990s that have been shown to be inaccurate for much more shallow issues! This leads us to argue that the current consensus about a bacterial root for the ToL can be traced back to the prejudice of Aristotle's Great Chain of Beings, in which simple organisms are ancestors of more complex life forms. Finally, we demonstrate that even the best models cannot yet handle the complexity of the evolutionary process encountered both at shallow depth, when the outgroup is too distant, and at the level of the inter-domain relationships. Altogether, we conclude that the commonly accepted bacterial root is still unproven and that the root of the ToL should be revisited using phylogenomic supermatrices to ensure that new evidence for eukaryogenesis, such as the recently described Lokiarcheota, is interpreted in a sound phylogenetic framework. PMID:26323760

  8. Indoor tests to investigate the effect of brine depth on the performance of solar still

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marwah AW. Ali, Abdul Jabbar N. Khalifa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Many experimental and numerical studies have been done on different configurations of solar stills to optimize the design by examining the effect of climatic, operational and design parameters on its performance. One of the most important of the operational parameters that has received a considerable attention in the literature is the brine depth. This paper reports indoor experimental investigations on the effect of brine depth on the productivity and efficiency of the solar stills at four different brine depths of 1.5, 2, 4 and 5.5 cm. Indoor tests were used by simulating the solar input by proper electric heaters located at the bottom of the still for heating the water contained in the basin of the still. The present study validated the decreasing trend in productivity with the increase of brine depth and showed that the still productivity could be influenced by the brine depth by up to 24%.

  9. Indoor tests to investigate the effect of brine depth on the performance of solar still

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ali, Marwah A.W.; Jabbar N. Khalifa, Abdul [Nahrain University, College of Engineering, Jadiriya, P.O. Box 64040, Baghdad (Iraq)

    2013-07-01

    Many experimental and numerical studies have been done on different configurations of solar stills to optimize the design by examining the effect of climatic, operational and design parameters on its performance. One of the most important of the operational parameters that has received a considerable attention in the literature is the brine depth. This paper reports indoor experimental investigations on the effect of brine depth on the productivity and efficiency of the solar stills at four different brine depths of 1.5, 2, 4 and 5.5 cm. Indoor tests were used by simulating the solar input by proper electric heaters located at the bottom of the still for heating the water contained in the basin of the still. The present study validated the decreasing trend in productivity with the increase of brine depth and showed that the still productivity could be influenced by the brine depth by up to 24%.

  10. Experimental Investigation on a Thermal Model for a Basin Solar Still with an External Reflector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Afrand

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a thermal model for estimating the efficiency of a basin solar still with an external reflector was introduced using the energy balance equations of different parts of the solar still. Then, in order to verify the precision and accuracy of this model, a basin solar still with an external reflector was constructed and some experiments were performed. The hourly temperature values for different places of the still and amount of distilled water were calculated using the thermal model and compared with experimental measurements. Comparisons show that the thermal model of the still is in good agreement with the experimental results. Therefore, it can be concluded that the introduced thermal model can be used reliably to estimate the amount of distilled water and efficiency of the basin solar still with an external reflector. Results also revealed that the efficiency of the solar still is low in the early hours, while it was enhanced 44% in the afternoon. Furthermore, it was concluded that the accumulated distilled water is 4600 mL/day and 4300 mL/day for theoretical and experimental examinations, respectively.

  11. Study and optimization of thermo-physical parameters for a solar-still performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaabi, A.; Zaidi, H. [Constantine Univ., Constantine (Algeria)

    2006-07-01

    The thermo-physical parameters of a static solar still with a greenhouse effect were studied. The simulation was conducted for each component of the still at the same initial temperature and time step. Analyzed parameters included the solar collector; brine; absorber; and insulator. The thermophysical changes of different still components were analyzed as well as their impacts on the solar still's output. The aim of the study was to enhance distilled water production. A Gauss-Seidel iterative method was used to solve thermophysical equations. Results of the study showed that maximum hourly production of distilled water was reached at 13:00 PM, when temperatures differences between the brine and the inner side of the still had a significant impact on system productivity. Three types of material were tested: copper, aluminum, and steel. Copper gave improved production, higher thermal conductivity; higher heat, and an improved coefficient of absorption. Production of distilled water increased when a black layer of nickel was added to the still. It was concluded that solar still efficiency increased when the absorber had a high thermal conductivity and a high specific heat. 14 refs., 6 figs.

  12. The effect of cover geometry on the productivity of a modified solar still desalination unit

    KAUST Repository

    Malaeb, Lilian

    2014-01-01

    Desalination methods based on renewable energy offer a promising solution to both water shortage and environmental degradation problems that continue to grow globally. The solar still is one such method that uses a sustainable energy source to produce potable water albeit at a relatively low productivity rate. A new modification has been introduced to the conventional solar still to enhance its productivity. The modification consists of a light weight, black finished, slowly-rotating drum, which leads to a sustainable, cost-effective, and low-tech amendment that preserves the key features of the still while considerably increasing its yield compared to a control still that does not include the drum. In this paper, three different cover geometries of the modified still are studied and the effect of cover design on the performance of the still in terms of measured temperatures and productivity is considered. The three cover designs are as follows: double-sloped or triangular, single-sloped and curved cover. In addition, a conventional double-sloped still without the rotating drum is operated in parallel as a control and the findings of this study are reported and discussed. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. Experimental study of the basin type solar still under local climate conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akash, Bilal A.; Mohsen, Mousa S.; Nayfeh, Waleed [Applied Science Univ., Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Amman (Jordan)

    2000-07-01

    This paper presents experimental results obtained using the basing type solar still. The experiments were conducted in Jordan using a solar still with various cover tilt angles of 15, 25, 35, 45 and 55deg. An optimum tilt angle for water production was found to be 35deg during the month of May. Salt was added to study the effect of the salinity of water on solar distillation. Distilled water production decreased with salinity. The effect of water dept was also studied. The results show that water production decreased in a somewhat linear relationship with increasing water depth in the still. (Author)

  14. Experimental Evaluation Of A Single-basin Solar Still Using Different Absorbing Materials: An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.R.TELTUMBADE,

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Single-basin solar stills can be used for water desalination. Probably, the are considered the best solution for water production in remote,arid to semi-arid, small communities, where fresh water isunavailable.however,the amount of distilled water produced per unit area is somewhat low which makes the single-basin solar still unacceptable in some instances. The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of using different absorbing materials in a solar still, and thuds enhance the productivity of water. Experimental result show that the productivity of distilled water was enhance for some matereals.

  15. Solar Distillation System Based on Multiple-Effect Diffusion Type Still

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Bin-Juine

    2014-03-01

    The present study intends to develop a high-performance solar-assisted desalination system (SADS) using multi-effect diffusion type still (MEDS) and the vacuum tube solar collector (VTSC). A MEDS prototype was designed and built. The measured result is very close to the estimation. The 10-effect MEDS will produce pure water at about 13.7 L/day/m2 collector area at a solar irradiation of 600 W/m2 and 19.7 L/day/m2 collector area at solar irradiation 800 W/m2. For 20-effect still, the yield rate increase is 32% compared to 10-effect still.

  16. Predicting Moves-on-Stills for Comic Art Using Viewer Gaze Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Eakta; Sheikh, Yaser; Hodgins, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Comic art consists of a sequence of panels of different shapes and sizes that visually communicate the narrative to the reader. The move-on-stills technique allows such still images to be retargeted for digital displays via camera moves. Today, moves-on-stills can be created by software applications given user-provided parameters for each desired camera move. The proposed algorithm uses viewer gaze as input to computationally predict camera move parameters. The authors demonstrate their algorithm on various comic book panels and evaluate its performance by comparing their results with a professional DVD.

  17. Brain May Still Be Evolving%大脑可能还在进化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nicholas Wade; 刘学诚

    2005-01-01

    @@ Two genes involved in determining the size of the human brain have undergone substantial1 evolution2 in the last 60,000years, researchers say, leading to the surprising suggestion that the brain is still undergoing rapid evolution.

  18. Some Observations of Ben Franklin Related to the Stilling of Waves by Oil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gugliotti, Marcos

    2007-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin's famous published work "Of the Stilling of Waves by Means of Oil" is an extract from letters between Franklin, Brownrigg, and Farsih which presents the observations on chemical study.

  19. Malaria vaccine-is it still required? Are vaccine alternatives enough to achieve malaria control?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fsadni Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Despite ongoing continuous research towards developing a malaria vaccine, we have still not achieved this target and the malaria parasite continues to kill thousands, especially children in developing countries. However, current control methods have had good results in some countries. Can these control methods be enough or should people still keep hoping for a vaccine? Would eradication of malaria be a possibility if no vaccine remains available?

  20. Critical variables in the performance of a productivity-enhanced solar still

    KAUST Repository

    Ayoub, George M.

    2013-12-01

    A new and sustainable modification has been introduced into the conventional solar still, considerably increasing its productivity. This enhancement in the solar still productivity is achieved without forsaking the basic features of the still such as low cost, ease of handling, sustainability, water quality, material availability, low maintenance and space conservation. The introduced modification is in the form of a slowly rotating hollow drum within the still cavity that allows the formation of thin water films, which evaporate rapidly. Several environmental and operational parameters attribute to the optimization of the new still design. Environmental factors refer primarily to weather conditions such as solar intensity, relative humidity, ambient temperature and wind speed and direction. Operational variables include drum speed, brine depth in the basin, cover cooling and other related parameters such as the materials used and the still configuration. The influence of these parameters is discussed and their impact on productivity is investigated in detailed order to identify existing correlations and optimize design and operation of the new system. An error analysis was conducted for all experimental data obtained from this study. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Doença de still na gravidez: relato de um caso com óbito neonatal Still's disease in pregnancy: report of a case with neonatal death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Pacheco Ribeiro Cascaes

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Still do adulto é uma desordem inflamatória sistêmica rara, caracterizada por febre alta, erupção evanescente, poliartrite e leucocitose. A gravidez não é referida como fator de risco para a doença. Os autores relatam um caso iniciado na 30ª semana de gestação, com febre alta, poliartrite, erupção cutânea, mialgia, cefaléia, nódulos subcutâneos em membros inferiores e linfadenopatia cervical. Evoluiu com oligoidrâmnio acentuado e alteração do fluxo fetoplacentário e cerebral fetal, sendo realizada cesárea na 33ª semana de gestação. O recém-nascido teve Apgar de 7/8, peso de 1.500 g, sendo internado em unidade de terapia intensiva com desconforto respiratório, icterícia, exantema, enterocolite necrotizante, entre outras complicações, indo a óbito após 41 dias de internação. A paciente evoluiu com quadros clínico e laboratorial sugestivos de doença de Still do adulto, sendo investigadas outras patologias febris como diagnóstico diferencial. Houve evolução satisfatória com o uso de indometacina, prednisona e metotrexato, estando atualmente em remissão, fazendo uso apenas de metotrexato. A paciente apresentou diagnóstico definitivo para doença de Still do adulto segundo os critérios propostos para a doença e o óbito fetal ocorreu em decorrência da prematuridade e risco infeccioso, fatos que talvez pudessem ter sido minimizados com o diagnóstico materno precoce.The adult-onset Still disease is a rare systemic inflammatory disease characterized by high fever, evanescent eruption, polyarthritis and leukocytosis. Pregnancy is not a risk factor for this disease. The authors report a case which started on the pregnancy's thirtieth week, with high fever, polyarthritis, cutaneous eruption, myalgia, headache, subcutaneous nodules in lower limbs and cervical lymphadenopathy. It evolved to accentuated oligohydramnios and alteration of the fetus-placenta and fetal cerebral flow. A Caesarean section

  2. Theoretical and experimental validation of evacuated tubes directly coupled with solar still

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panchal, H. N.; Thakkar, H.

    2016-11-01

    Experimental study of evacuated tubes coupled solar still in the climatic conditions of Mehsana, a region of North Gujarat, India during summer and winter climate conditions has been made. Experimental setup was made by authors. Fourteen double-walled hard borosilicate glass tubes have been used. Evacuated tubes were inclined at angle of 45° from horizontal. Outer tubes of evacuated tubes were transparent, inner tubes were coated with a selective coating of Al-Ni/Al compound for better solar radiation absorption and minimum emittance. It has been shown that evacuated tube attachments to the solar still increased the water temperature inside the solar still for increment in the generation of distillate output. Evacuated tubes coupled solar still is not only produce distilled water during sunshine hours, but also off-sunshine hours due to heat storage effect. For the validation of the experimental results, a theoretical model is proposed based on the fundamentals of heat and mass transfer equations for solar still glass cover, water in basin and basin bottom. Two main statistical parameters—root mean square error and mean bias error—were calculated to compare the results of experiments and theoretical analysis. Closed matching of the experimental and theoretical results has been found.

  3. Model for computation of solar fraction in a single-slope solar still

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madhlopa, A.; Johnstone, C. [Energy Systems Research Unit, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ (United Kingdom)

    2009-06-15

    A new model that calculates the distribution of solar radiation inside a single-slope solar still has been proposed. In this model, the solar fraction on a vertical surface is divided into beam and diffuse parts and the optical view factors of surfaces inside the still are taken into account. To validate the model, outdoor tests of a conventional solar still were conducted under different weather conditions at the University of Strathclyde. The proposed model is compared with the previous one. It is found that the beam solar fraction is affected by both the geometry of the solar still and position of the sun in the sky. In contrast, the diffuse solar fraction is only dependent on the geometry of the solar distiller. The present model exhibited a lower root mean square error than that of the previous model. It appears that splitting the solar fraction into beam and diffuse parts improves the accuracy of modelling the performance of a single-slope solar still. (author)

  4. Solar Distillation System Based on Multiple-Effect Diffusion Type Still

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin-Juine Huang

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study intends to develop a high-performance solar-assisted desalination system (SADS using multi-effect diffusion type still (MEDS and the vacuum tube solar collector (VTSC. A MEDS prototype was designed and built. The measured result is very close to the estimation. The 10-effect MEDS will produce pure water at about 13.7 L/day/m2 collector area at a solar irradiation of 600 W/m2 and 19.7 L/day/m2 collector area at solar irradiation 800 W/m2. For 20-effect still, the yield rate increase is 32% compared to 10-effect still.

  5. Study on Effect of Small Dosage Tripterygium Glycosides in Auxiliary Treatment of Intractable Still's Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲政海

    2004-01-01

    @@ Intractable Still's disease, namely the intractable systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a clinical difficulty of pediatrics, and so far there still lacks any special treatment. In virtue of the markedly anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of tripterygium glycosides (TG, product of Huangshi Pharmaceutical Factory, 10 mg/ tab), it is applied in treating many kinds of connective tissue diseases in China, and it has also been used to treat various types of JIA for many years. But systematic study on its clinical therapeutic effect to Still' s disease in children has not been reported till now. In this study, with prospective comparative analysis adopted, the author had studied the therapeutic effect of small dosage TG on JIA reported.

  6. Allan B. Chinen, ...e foram felizes para sempre: contos de fadas para adultos (in the ever after - fairy tales and the second half of life, 1989), interpretados segundo as teorias psicodinâmicas do desenvolvimento humano postuladas por Carl G. Jung e Erik Erikson, tradução de Cecília Casas, São Paulo, Cultrix, 1997, 183 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Notas e recensões sobre Allan B. Chinen, ...e foram felizes para sempre: contos de fadas para adultos (in the ever after - fairy tales and the second half of life, 1989), interpretados segundo as teorias psicodinâmicas do desenvolvimento humano postuladas por Carl G. Jung e Erik Erikson, tradução de Cecília Casas, São Paulo, Cultrix, 1997, 183 pp.

  7. Kinder- und Jugendliteraturforschung interdisziplinär: Beiträge der Ringvorlesung 'Aktuelle Forschungsperspektiven zur Kinder- und Jugendliteratur und zu Kinder- und Jugendmedien' der Forschungsstelle für Kinder- und Jugendliteratur (OlFoKi) der Carl-von-Ossietzky-Universität Oldenburg, Sommersemester 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Steitz-Kallenbach, Jörg Hrsg.

    2001-01-01

    Mit 'Kinder- und Jugendliteraturforschung interdisziplinär' legt die Forschungsstelle Kinder- und Jugendliteratur der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg (OlFoKi) den zweiten Band ihrer Schriftenreihe vor. Der Band sammelt die Vorträge einer Ringvorlesung der Forschungsstelle aus dem Sommersemester 2000 zu aktuellen Perspektiven der Kinder- und Jugendliteraturforschung und ergänzt sie um zwei weitere Aufsätze. Damit entsteht insgesamt das Bild einer interdisziplinären Kinder- und Jugendl...

  8. Doença de still na gravidez: relato de um caso com óbito neonatal Still's disease in pregnancy: report of a case with neonatal death

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Pacheco Ribeiro Cascaes; Cléa Carneiro Bichara; Nagib Ponteira Abdon; Cezar Augusto Muniz Caldas

    2003-01-01

    A doença de Still do adulto é uma desordem inflamatória sistêmica rara, caracterizada por febre alta, erupção evanescente, poliartrite e leucocitose. A gravidez não é referida como fator de risco para a doença. Os autores relatam um caso iniciado na 30ª semana de gestação, com febre alta, poliartrite, erupção cutânea, mialgia, cefaléia, nódulos subcutâneos em membros inferiores e linfadenopatia cervical. Evoluiu com oligoidrâmnio acentuado e alteração do fluxo fetoplacentário e cerebral fetal...

  9. Thermal performance of a single basin solar still with PCM as a storage medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Sebaii, A.A.; Al-Ghamdi, A.A.; Al-Hazmi, F.S.; Faidah, Adel S. [Physics Department, Science College, King Abdul Aziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia)

    2009-07-15

    Transient mathematical models are presented for a single slope-single basin solar still with and without phase change material (PCM) under the basin liner of the still. Analytical expressions for temperatures of the still elements and the PCM have been obtained. The still performance has been investigated by computer simulation. Numerical calculations have been carried out, using stearic acid as a PCM, on typical summer and winter days in Jeddah (lat. 21 42' N, long. 39 11' E), Saudi Arabia. Effect of mass of the PCM (m{sub pcm}) on the daylight P{sub dl}, overnight P{sub on} and daily productivity P{sub d} and efficiency {eta}{sub d} of the still for different masses of basin water m{sub w} has been investigated. It is found that P{sub dl} decreases as m{sub pcm} increases; but P{sub on} and P{sub d} increase significantly with an increase of m{sub pcm} due to the increased amount of the heat stored within the PCM. During discharging of the PCM, the convective heat transfer coefficient from the basin liner to basin water is doubled; thus, the evaporative heat transfer coefficient is increased by 27% on using 3.3 cm of stearic acid beneath the basin liner. Therefore, on a summer day, a value of P{sub d} of 9.005 (kg/m{sup 2} day) with a daily efficiency of 85.3% has been obtained compared to 4.998 (kg/m{sup 2} day) when the still is used without the PCM. The PCM is more effective for lower masses of basin water on winter season. (author)

  10. Doença de Castleman mimetizando doença de Still do adulto Castleman's disease mimicking adult-onset Still's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Diniz Lopes Marques

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Castleman (DC é uma doença linfoproliferativa não neoplásica rara, de etiologia desconhecida, que se caracteriza clinicamente por adenomegalias isoladas ou múltiplas, podendo ou não estar associada a sintomas sistêmicos, como febre e perda de peso. Estes sintomas podem levar a um diagnóstico equivocado de doença auto-imune e o diagnóstico diferencial deve ser feito através de exame anatomopatológico do linfonodo acometido, que caracteristicamente, na DC, mostra um padrão de células plasmáticas com infiltrado hialino. Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente de 24 anos de idade, com apresentação inicial de febre, poliartrite e "rash", sugerindo doença de Still do adulto cujo achado anatomopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico de DC.Castleman's disease (CD is rare nonmalignant lymphoproliferative illness, of unknown etiology, clinically characterized by isolated or multiple adenomegalies, associated or not with systemic symptoms such as fever and weight loss. These symptoms can lead to a wrong diagnosis of autoimmune illness and the differential diagnosis must be made through histological examination of involved lymph nodes, which shows, in the case of CD, a pattern of plasma cells with hyaline infiltration. A case of a woman of 24-year-old, who initially presented fever, polyarthritis and skin rash, suggestive adult-onset Still's disease is reported; the histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of Castleman's disease.

  11. Is reversal of endothelial dysfunction still an attractive target in modern cardiology?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ify; Mordi; Nikolaos; Tzemos

    2014-01-01

    Although the endothelium has a number of important functions, the term endothelial dysfunction is commonly used to describe impairment in its vasodilatory capacity. There have been numerous studies evaluating the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease, however assessment of endothelial function is perhaps still primarily thought of as a research tool and has not reached widespread clinical acceptance. In this review we explore the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease, its prognostic significance, methods of pharmacological reversal of endothelial dysfunction, and ask the question, is reversal of endothelial dysfunction still an attractive target in modern cardiology?

  12. Fascia Research Congress evidence from the 100 year perspective of Andrew Taylor Still.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findley, Thomas W; Shalwala, Mona

    2013-07-01

    More than 100 years ago A.T. Still MD founded osteopathic medicine, and specifically described fascia as a covering, with common origins of layers of the fascial system despite diverse names for individual parts. Fascia assists gliding and fluid flow and is highly innervated. Fascia is intimately involved with respiration and with nourishment of all cells of the body, including those of disease and cancer. This paper reviews information presented at the first three International Fascia Research Congresses in 2007, 2009 and 2012 from the perspective of Dr Still, that fascia is vital for organism's growth and support, and it is where disease is sown.

  13. Adult-onset Still's disease and cardiac tamponade: a rare association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrilho-Ferreira, Pedro; Silva, Doroteia; de Jesus Silva, Maria; André, Rui; Varela, Manuel Gato; Diogo, António Nunes

    2015-06-01

    Adult-onset Still's disease is a rare disorder with potentially severe clinical features, including cardiac involvement. This systemic inflammatory disease of unknown origin should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pericarditis, with or without pericardial effusion. Cardiac tamponade is a very rare sequela that requires an invasive approach, such as percutaneous or surgical pericardial drainage, in addition to the usual conservative therapy. The authors describe a case of adult-onset Still's disease rendered more difficult by pericarditis and cardiac tamponade, and they briefly review the literature on this entity.

  14. [Adult onset Still's disease as a diagnostics challenge in case of fever of unknown origin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debski, Marcin; Stepniewski, Piotr; Wróbel, Michał

    2013-01-01

    Fever of unknown origin is often a diagnostic challenge. Here we present a case of 55-year-old woman with a history of a few months fever, progressing weakness and salmon-coloured, macular skin rash. The differential diagnosis included neoplasmatic conditions, infections and connective tissue disorders. Finally adult onset Still's disease was suspected. Glucocorticosteroid treatment was induced. During the therapy a central nervous system infection occurred, which was fatal for the patient. The presented clinical case shows that among many causes of fever of unknown origin, adult onset Still's disease should be taken into account.

  15. Brief Report. Educated Adults Are Still Affected by Intuitions about the Effect of Arithmetical Operations: Evidence from a Reaction-Time Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vamvakoussi, Xenia; Van Dooren, Wim; Verschaffel, Lieven

    2013-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that intuitions about the effect of operations, e.g., "addition makes bigger" and "division makes smaller", are still present in educated adults, even after years of instruction. To establish the intuitive character, we applied a reaction time methodology, grounded in dual process theories of reasoning. Educated…

  16. In Loco Parentis Reinventis: Is There Still a Parenting Function in Higher Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Dennis E.; Ballou, Roger A.

    1986-01-01

    Traces the history of the term in loco parentis, its decreased utility in the 1960s, and its recent evolution in different and more subtle ways. Supports the view that colleges are still very involved in acting as surrogate parents for their students. (Author/ABB)

  17. 20 CFR 416.984 - If you are statutorily blind and still working.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determining Disability and Blindness Blindness § 416.984 If you are statutorily blind and still working. There is no requirement that you be unable to work in order... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false If you are statutorily blind and...

  18. Joint Production Cut of Henan Lead Enterprises is Still UnderN egotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    On January 16,according to media report,Henan joint production cut was still under negotiation,the production cut volume is expected to be determined between February and March;nevertheless,in fact we consider the so-called production cut agreement is relatively difficult to come true,this is because

  19. Meir-Keeler Contractions of Integral Type Are Still Meir-Keeler Contractions

    OpenAIRE

    Tomonari Suzuki

    2007-01-01

    We prove that the recent fixed point theorem for contractions of integral type due to Branciari is a corollary of the famous Meir-Keeler fixed point theorem. We also prove that Meir-Keeler contractions of integral type are still Meir-Keeler contractions.

  20. It Is Still a Man's Game--Discrimination of Women in Pay and Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Bonnie L.

    2014-01-01

    There is ample evidence that there still is a pay gap amongst men and women and the situation is no different if academia. Many studies have examined various types of gender discrimination in academia and two areas in particular are problematic--salaries and representation of female faculty in upper ranks of academia. This paper examines the past…

  1. The Many Faces of the Still-Face Paradigm: A Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesman, Judi; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.

    2009-01-01

    The Still-Face Paradigm (SFP) designed by Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, and Brazelton (Tronick, E., Als, H., Adamson, L., Wise, S., & Brazelton, T. B. (1978). Infants response to entrapment between contradictory messages in face-to-face interaction. "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 17", 1-13) has been used for…

  2. Teacher-Student Interaction in Contemporary Science Classrooms: Is Participation Still a Question of Gender?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliasson, Nina; Sørensen, Helene; Karlsson, Karl Göran

    2016-01-01

    We show that boys still have a greater access to the space for interaction in science classrooms, which is unexpected since in Sweden today girls perform better in these subjects than boys. Results from video-recorded verbal communication, referred to here as "interaction," show that the distribution of teacher-student interaction in the…

  3. The Post-Feminist Era: Still Striving for Equality in Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronson, Kimberly M. Rodham; Buchholz, Ester Schaler

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the reasons why, despite changes in both society and attitudes of men and women towards their roles, there still exists inequality between the sexes. Also discusses how this inequality negatively affects intimate relationships. Suggests ways that men, women, and society can remedy the situation and encourage greater fulfillment in love.…

  4. Allergies are still on the rise? A 6-year nationwide population-based study in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byung-Keun Kim

    2016-04-01

    Conclusions: The national prevalence of atopic dermatitis, and asthma did not show noticeable increase any more in Korea. However, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis still on the rise until recently, especially in the age group under 10. This is the first report in Asia suggesting a slowdown of the incidence of allergic diseases.

  5. Are We Still Receiving a Colored Education? Education of Black Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampton, Marjorie

    With the 1964 Civil Rights Act, school segregation was to come to an end, but it may be that black students are still receiving a "colored" education. There are inequities and prejudices in U.S. institutions, and these have tremendous influences on how African Americans are perceived and accepted. The nation's African American students are…

  6. The bidding paradox: why rational politicians still want to bid for mega sports events

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Nooij, M.; van den Berg, M.R.

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses reasons why politicians still favor hosting mega events despite the discouraging evidence regarding their financial benefits: (1) early political enthusiasm, (2) tying side-projects to the bid to raise political support, (3) biased reading of history, (4) the winners curse, (5)

  7. Do European Banks with a Covered Bond Program still issue Asset-Backed Securities for funding?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boesel, Nils; Kool, C.J.M.; Lugo, S.

    2016-01-01

    The decline in the issuance of Asset-Backed Securities (ABS) since the financial crisis and the comparative advantage of Covered Bonds (CBs) as a funding alternative to ABS raise the question whether banks still issue ABS as a mean to receive funding. Employing double-hurdle regression models on a d

  8. Emergence of the ability to perceive dynamic events from still pictures in human infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Nobu; Imura, Tomoko

    2016-11-17

    The ability to understand a visual scene depicted in a still image is among the abilities shared by all human beings. The aim of the present study was to examine when human infants acquire the ability to perceive the dynamic events depicted in still images (implied motion perception). To this end, we tested whether 4- and 5-month-old infants shifted their gaze toward the direction cued by a dynamic running action depicted in a still figure of a person. Results indicated that the 5- but not the 4-month-olds showed a significant gaze shift toward the direction implied by the posture of the runner (Experiments 1, 2, and 3b). Moreover, the older infants showed no significant gaze shift toward the direction cued by control stimuli, which depicted a figure in a non-dynamic standing posture (Experiment 1), an inverted running figure (Experiment 2), and some of the body parts of a running figure (Experiment 3a). These results suggest that only the older infants responded in the direction of the implied running action of the still figure; thus, implied motion perception emerges around 5 months of age in human infants.

  9. Case registers in psychiatry : do they still have a role for research and service monitoring?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wierdsma, Andre I.; Sytema, Sjoerd; Van Os, Jim J.; Mulder, Cornelis L.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose of review To follow up on reviews of case register research. Literature searches over a 2-year period were conducted to determine whether psychiatric case registers still have a role for research and service monitoring. Recent findings Case register research covers a wide range of topics, an

  10. Economic feasibility of a solar still desalination system with enhanced productivity

    KAUST Repository

    Ayoub, George M.

    2014-02-01

    Solar still desalination systems offer sustainable tools for fresh water production. However, their widespread application is often hindered by their relatively low production rates compared to other desalination methods. In this study, a simple amendment, in the form of a slowly-rotating hollow cylinder, was introduced within the solar still, significantly increasing the evaporative surface area. This new modified still was analyzed in terms of both operation and economic feasibility. The introduced cylinder resulted in a 200-300% increase in water output relative to a control, which did not include the cylinder. The resulting percent improvement far exceeds that obtained by other modifications. Unit production cost estimates varied between 6 and 60$/m3 depending on discount rates, productivity, service lifetime and initial capital costs. These projections are well within reported cost ranges for renewable-based technologies. In order to evaluate the system\\'s feasibility in real market value, different scenarios that introduce carbon-trading schemes and environmental degradation costs for fuel-based desalination, were performed. Reported costs for fuel-based brackish water and seawater desalination were thus adjusted to include unaccounted-for costs related to environmental damage. This analysis yielded results that further justify the economic feasibility of the new modified solar still, particularly for seawater desalination. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

  11. Launching Ceremony of Chinese Edition of Our History Is Still Being Written Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Our Staff Reporter

    2009-01-01

    <正>On March 13, the CPAFFC held a launching ceremony of the Chinese edition of Our History Is Still Being Written-tthe Story of Three Chinese-Cuban Generals in the Cuban Revolution at the Friendship Museum. Li Xiaolin, vice president of the

  12. First report of the presence of Acartiabispinosa Carl, 1907 (Copepoda, Calanoida) in a semi-enclosed Bay (Sharm El-Maya), northern Red Sea with some notes on its seasonal variation in abundance and body size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sherbiny, Mohsen M; Al-Aidaroos, Ali M

    2014-01-01

    The calanoid copepod, Acartiabispinosa Carl, 1907, is reported for the first time in the Red Sea, where it is found to be an important copepod in the mesozooplankton community structure of the Sharm El-Maya Bay. Female and male are fully redescribed and illustrated of as the mouthparts of this species have never previously been described and figured. Acartiabispinosa was collected in the plankton samples throughout the year and showed two peaks of abundance, a pronounced one in April (4234 individuals m(-3)), and second smaller peak during November (1784 individuals m(-3)). The average total length of females varied between 1.32 and 1.53 mm at the end of June and January respectively. For males, the average total length fluctuated between 1.07 and 1.16 mm at end of June and March respectively. Temperature showed an inverse relationship with the body length (P > 0.001) and seemed to be one of the prime factors affecting the body length of both sexes.

  13. [From "physical idealist" to "freedom fighter". The change in the perception of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the DDR - exemplified by honorary doctorate and the Leipzig Colloquium 1987/88].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackermann, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article draws a representative picture of the official public perception of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the GDR. In the beginning Weizsäcker served as a classic example of a successful scientist with bourgeois philosophical ideas. So he was often a target of philosophical criticism. This changed with Weizsäcker's activities in peace studies, and the official GDR made an attempt to monopolize him. This could be seen, for example, in connection with his honorary doctorate awarded by the University of Leipzig in 1987 and with the scientific colloquium in 1988. From these examples we can also see that efforts took place to change the focus towards his physical und philosophical achievements. Weizsäcker's official recognition was also helpful for other activities in which he played a leading role. The article looks behind the scenes of a part of the academic machinery in the GDR. It shows that CFvW was an eminent stimulator also in the GDR.

  14. 有神论的政治宪法学--对施米特的解读之一%The Theory of Political Constitution of Theism-- One Interpretation of Carl Schmitt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林来梵; 郑琪

    2006-01-01

    卡尔·施米特(Carl Schmitt)真正的思考角色,与其说是一个政治思想家,毋宁说是一个法律教义学家.在其理论体系里最具有标识性意义的非常状态、主权和决断这三个概念中,既有挥之不去的规范主义的传统刻痕,又有所谓"决断主义"的野性取向,而其思想与方法,则无不飘忽着与传统神学具有"结构同一性"的投影,这乃是由他的"(法学)概念的社会学",尤其是所谓的"精神史的"(geistesgeschichtlich)方法所决定的,而其最终目的,则是为了建构一种有神论的政治宪法学.

  15. Review: Hans Carl von Carlowitz (2013: Sylvicultura oeconomica oder haußwirthliche Nachricht und naturmäßige Anweisung zur wilden Baum-Zucht. Joachim Hamberger (ed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kramer, Hans-Ulrich

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Der Begriff „Nachhaltigkeit“ hat in den letzten 25 Jahren eine beispiellose Karriere gemacht: Er ist zu einem Schlüsselbegriff, wenn nicht gar zu einem Leitprinzip für das 21. Jahrhundert geworden. Wenn man zu den ideengeschichtlichen Wurzeln des Begriffs vordringen möchte, muss man genau 300 Jahre zurückgehen: 1713 erschien das Buch „Sylvicultura oeconomica“ des Sachsen Hans Carl von Carlowitz (1645-1714, der erstmals ein geschlossenes Werk über die Forstwirtschaft vorlegte und den Begriff „Nachhaltigkeit“ im heute gebräuchlichen Sinne einer positiven Zukunftsgestaltung verwendete. Anlässlich des 300. Jahrestags der Erstveröffentlichung von „Sylvicultura oeconomica“ ist unlängst im oekom-Verlag eine Neuausgabe dieses wichtigen Werks erschienen, die eng an das Original angelehnt ist, dieses aber noch um weiterführende Informationen ergänzt. Von der Optik weiß die liebevolle, edle Aufmachung der Neuausgabe zu gefallen, die vom promovierten Forstwissenschaftler Joachim Hamberger herausgegeben wurde. Neben dem ästhetischen wird auch der wissenschaftliche Anspruch voll und ganz erfüllt: Das Carlowitz-Werk ist in einen größeren Kontext eingebettet und wird so für den heutigen Leser nachvollziehbar.

  16. Doença de still do adulto: diagnóstico e evolução Adult-onset still disease: diagnosis and evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Appenzeller

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: determinar as manifestações clínicas ao diagnóstico e durante a evolução de pacientes com doença de Still do adulto em um hospital universitário terciário. MÉTODOS: foram identificados 13 pacientes com a doença no Ambulatório de Artrites do HC-UNICAMP, estudados retrospectivamente, com atenção aos sintomas no momento do diagnóstico, à evolução do quadro articular e à medicação utilizada. RESULTADOS: a prevalência da doença foi de 4,3%. A média de idade foi de 30,8 anos com predomínio masculino (54,2%. Todos apresentaram sintomas constitucionais, febre e exantema cutâneo ao diagnóstico. Comprometimento hepático em 100%, com hepatomegalia em 11 (84,65%, esplenomegalia em 4 (30,7%, aumento de enzimas hepáticas em 6 (46,1% e hipergamaglobulinemia em 10 (76,9% dos pacientes. Envolvimento cardíaco em 2 (15,4% e pleurite em 1 (7,7% paciente. Hematúria foi constatada em 4 (30,7% casos. A manifestação articular inicial foi predominantemente poliarticular em 8 (66,5%. Todos os pacientes apresentaram leucocitose ao diagnóstico, com predomínio de neutrófilos, ocorrendo linfocitose em 7 (53,8%. Ferritina elevada em 9 (69,2% pacientes e, após a resolução do quadro, ocorreu normalização em todos. Quanto ao tratamento, todos utilizaram antiinflamatórios não-hormonais e doses baixas de corticosteróides; 7 (69,2% precisaram usar metotrexato. Doença monocíclica em somente 4 (30,7% pacientes, predominando doença recorrente. Bloqueio articular em 53,8% dos pacientes, predominantemente em punhos. CONCLUSÕES: embora rara, a doença de Still do adulto deve ser sempre considerada em pacientes com envolvimento sistêmico e poliartrite, após exclusão de outras doenças, principalmente doenças infecciosas e neoplásicas. O curso da doença de Still do adulto é geralmente crônico e a principal seqüela observada neste estudo foi o bloqueio de punhos, em razão de anquilose óssea.OBJECTIVE: To determine the

  17. Still Heart Encodes a Structural HMT, SMYD1b, with Chaperone-Like Function during Fast Muscle Sarcomere Assembly.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendal Prill

    Full Text Available The vertebrate sarcomere is a complex and highly organized contractile structure whose assembly and function requires the coordination of hundreds of proteins. Proteins require proper folding and incorporation into the sarcomere by assembly factors, and they must also be maintained and replaced due to the constant physical stress of muscle contraction. Zebrafish mutants affecting muscle assembly and maintenance have proven to be an ideal tool for identification and analysis of factors necessary for these processes. The still heart mutant was identified due to motility defects and a nonfunctional heart. The cognate gene for the mutant was shown to be smyd1b and the still heart mutation results in an early nonsense codon. SMYD1 mutants show a lack of heart looping and chamber definition due to a lack of expression of heart morphogenesis factors gata4, gata5 and hand2. On a cellular level, fast muscle fibers in homozygous mutants do not form mature sarcomeres due to the lack of fast muscle myosin incorporation by SMYD1b when sarcomeres are first being assembled (19hpf, supporting SMYD1b as an assembly protein during sarcomere formation.

  18. CERN Library | Book presentation and discussion round: "HEP - Still an unfeminine profession" | 19 May | Council Chamber

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2016-01-01

    Book presentation and discussion round: "HEP - Still an unfeminine profession" with Mary K. Gaillard.   “HEP – still an unfeminine profession?” Book presentation by Mary K Gaillard, followed by a discussion round with the author and Valerie Gibson (LHCb) Thursday, 19 May 2016 from 4 p.m. (coffee will be served at 3:30 p.m.) CERN Council Chamber Find more information and registration here. We hope to see many of you there! There will also be a Theory seminar by Mary K. Gaillard on "Supergravity at one loop, anomalies and applications to string phenomenology" - Wednesday, 18 May at 2 p.m. in the TH conference room.

  19. Is the United States still dominant in the global pharmaceutical innovation network?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanjia Hu

    Full Text Available The dramatic growth of research and development activities in the pharmaceutical sector in emerging economies raises the question of whether the United States still keeps its dominant role in the global pharmaceutical innovation landscape. This paper focuses on investigating the role of the United States in global pharmaceutical innovation, and differs from previous studies by shifting attention to a network analytic perspective to track the global distribution of pharmaceutical inventions. Our sample is composed of key patents covering all new drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration between 1996 and 2010. The results show that the United States still dominates in the global pharmaceutical innovation network, especially when it comes to essential core inventions. However, the United States shows a slightly decreasing prominence in the networks of either total new drugs or New Molecular Entity (NME drugs in the time period 2006-2010 as compared to previous time periods, revealed by subtle traces of network centralities.

  20. Association of objectively measured occupational walking and standing still with low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch Nielsen, Camilla; Gupta, Nidhi; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.;

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: This cross-sectional study investigated the association of objectively measured walking and standing still time at work with low back pain (LBP) intensity among blue-collar workers. Design: A cross-sectional study. Methods: 187 workers attached two accelerometers for diurnal standing...... among blue-collar workers. A significant negative association between walking and LBP was found. However, because of the cross-sectional design, these results should be further investigated in prospective studies....... demonstrated a negative association between walking and high LBP intensity (OR 0.24 CL 95% 0.07 to 0.79). The results between standing still and high LBP intensity were mixed and non-significant. Conclusion: Blue-collar workers who walk more at work tend to have low LBP. These results should be verified using...