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Sample records for caribe colorado pygocentrus

  1. Caracterización ecológica de la salina artificial Pozos colorados, Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Mancera-P., J.E.

    1990-01-01

    Un estudio ecológico de la salina marina Pozos Colorados se llevó a cabo entre enero y agosto de 1987. Si bien las dos estaciones de muestreo presentaron amplias diferencias entre si; en general la dinámica del ecosistema dependió aparentemente de la salinidad, la cual varió entre 75 y 341 °/oo; su incremento y la disminución del nivel de agua, al parecer generaron aumento de la temperatura y disminución del oxígeno disuelto, con rangos de 26,3 y 41 °C para la primera y O y 5,4 mg/l para e...

  2. Colorado

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    Gerardo Rodríguez Quiroz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La conservación de la biodiversidad cuenta, entre sus principales mecanismos de intervención, con las áreas naturales protegidas. En el alto Golfo de California (AGC se ubica la Reser-va de la Biosfera del Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Río Colorado, en la que subsisten especies de alto valor económico, así como especies en peligro de extinción. Este último factor justificó el establecimiento de la reserva. El estudio analiza la efectividad de la Reserva del Alto Golfo como mecanismo de protección de los recursos naturales, en particular de las que están en riesgo de desaparecer, así como de comprobar si los pescadores han mejorado sus condiciones de vida tras la operación de esa área natural. La exploración se llevó a cabo mediante la aplicación de una encuesta a los pescadores. Se sugiere que es indispensable un gran esfuerzo, de autoridades y grupos organizados, para encontrar soluciones al manejo de la Reserva, a fin fijar un programa que permita la recuperación de las especies en peligro de extinción, elevar la calidad de vida de los pescadores y con ello garantizar un equilibrio entre la conservación y la sustentabilidad de la pesca y de los pescadores en el Alto Golfo de California.

  3. EL CARIBE EN SOMBRAS

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    Claudia Caisso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo reflexiona sobre el estatuto geo-político del Caribe. Se considera la sospecha en torno del descubrimiento europeo en la perspectiva de la crítica cultural de-colonial y se analizan algunos de los argumentos desplegados por Édouard Glissant en El discurso caribeño (1981. En particular se describe la importancia del valor de la "opacidad" a partir del análisis de algunos tópicos, en particular la resistencia del rodeo (detour. Tal cuestión es concebida a la luz de las transmutaciones que la defensa de la creolidad emplaza a diferencia de la "negritud" y su proyección en producciones de las últimas décadas del siglo XX.This work focusses on Caribbean geo-politic status. At first time it considers the suspicion pointed out by de-colonial Cultural Studies on America's "discovery" and then analizes some arguments written by Edouard Glissant in Caribbean discourse (1981. The importance of opacity's value in Caribbean discourse is described analizing some topics, in particular "round-about resistance". This question attends some traces that "creolité" defense promoves changing "negroo" movement and constructing some projections in latest decades productions.

  4. Dunking behaviour in Carib grackles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morand-Ferron, J.; Lefebvre, L.; Reader, S.M.; Sol, D.; Elvin, S.

    2004-01-01

    Dunking behaviour, the dipping of food in water, has been anecdotally observed in more than 25 species of birds in the wild, but its function and ecology have not been systematically studied. In experiments conducted in the field and in captivity on Carib grackles, Quiscalus lugubris, in Barbados, w

  5. Geomorfología de la zona costera adyacente al piedemonte occidental de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta entre los sectores de Pozos Colorados y el Río Córdoba, Caribe Colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Posada, B. O.; Idarraga García, J.; Guzman, G.

    2011-01-01

    Se llevó a cabo un estudio geomorfológico a escala 1:23000 de la zona costera adyacente al flanco occidental de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) entre el sector de Pozos Colorados (en las afueras de Santa Marta) y el río Córdoba. Esta zona se caracteriza por presentar geoformas de diversos orígenes que son producto de procesos tectónicos, denudativos y sedimentarios fluviales. Desde estse punto de vista se tienen Unidades de Origen Estructural-Denudativo, representadas por montañas y co...

  6. A new species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the freshwater fish (red piranha) Pygocentrus nattereri Kner (Characidae) in Amazonia, Brazil

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cárdenas, M. Q.; Moravec, František; Fernandes, B. M. M.; Morais, A. M.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 83, č. 2 (2012), s. 137-144. ISSN 0165-5752 R&D Projects: GA ČR GBP505/12/G112 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518 Keywords : Philometra * Pygocentrus * Brazil Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 1.260, year: 2012 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11230-012-9377-4

  7. Genetic differentiation in red-bellied piranha populations (Pygocentrus nattereri, Kner, 1858) from the Solimões-Amazonas River.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos, Carlos Henrique Dos A; de Sá Leitão, Carolina S; Paula-Silva, Maria de N; Almeida-Val, Vera Maria F

    2016-06-01

    Red-bellied piranhas (Pygocentrus nattereri) are widely caught with different intensities throughout the region of Solimões-Amazonas River by local fishermen. Thus, the management of this resource is performed in the absence of any information on its genetic stock. P. nattereri is a voracious predator and widely distributed in the Neotropical region, and it is found in other regions of American continent. However, information about genetic variability and structure of wild populations of red-bellied piranha is unavailable. Here, we describe the levels of genetic diversity and genetic structure of red-bellied piranha populations collected at different locations of Solimões-Amazonas River system. We collected 234 red-bellied piranhas and analyzed throughout eight microsatellite markers. We identified high genetic diversity within populations, although the populations of lakes ANA, ARA, and MAR have shown some decrease in their genetic variability, indicating overfishing at these communities. Was identified the existence of two biological populations when the analysis was taken altogether at the lakes of Solimões-Amazonas River system, with significant genetic differentiation between them. The red-bellied piranha populations presented limited gene flow between two groups of populations, which were explained by geographical distance between these lakes. However, high level of gene flow was observed between the lakes within of the biological populations. We have identified high divergence between the Catalão subpopulation and all other subpopulations. We suggest the creation of sustainable reserve for lakes near the city of Manaus to better manage and protect this species, whose populations suffer from both extractive and sport fishing. PMID:27516875

  8. The conquest of the Caribs of the Orinoco basin

    OpenAIRE

    Neil L Whitehead

    1984-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the Spanish conquest of those Carib groups who, at the time of the first contact, occupied the eastern llanos of Venezuela, the north and south banks of the lower Orinoco and the region between the Sierra Imataca and Essequibo River. An historical analysis of Carib resistance to the Conquistadors and missionaries, during the years 1498-1771 is presented. Alongside this general theme certain specific issues in Carib history and ethnography are a...

  9. El alma negra del caribe colombiano

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    Cristian Manuel Olivero

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cuando se habla del caribe y de la America Latina, en general suele recurrirse a la formula que dice que somos una mezcla de blancos indios y negros.  otros lugares comunes aparecen enseguida para relacionar lo que se llama el legado europeo, con el idioma, la religion, la economia, la politica lo que en algun gran politico de oficio colombiano llamo lo fundamental al tiempo en la contribucion.

  10. The CARIBIC flying observatory and its applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The troposphere can be considered as a complex chemical reactor reaching from the boundary layer up to the tropopause region, in which a multitude of reactions takes place driven by sunlight and supplied with precursors emitted by vegetation, wildfires, and obviously human activities on earth, like burning oil products. Research aircraft (say modified business jets) are far too expensive for a global view of this extensive atmospheric system that changes from day to night, season to season, year to year, and will keep changing. CARIBIC (www.caribic.de) is a logical answer; it is a flying observatory, a 1.5 ton freight container packed with over 15 instruments, for exploring the atmosphere on a regular basis using cargo space in a Lufthansa Airbus A340-600 on intercontinental flights. By means of various results obtained by CARIBIC, about among others volcanic eruptions, the monsoon and accompanying emissions of methane, and long range transport of pollution, we will show how some of the questions atmospheric research grapples with are being addressed, without having a fleet of business jets. (author)

  11. Biodiversidad del margen continental del Caribe colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Incluye valiosa información producto de varios años de investigación marina de las aguas profundas, la plataforma continental y el talud superior del Caribe colombiano, llevada a cabo por un grupo multidisciplinario de investigadores en áreas de taxonomía, geología, ecología, cartografía y conservación del Invemar. Dentro de los resultados más destacados se encuentra el haber colectado e identificado más de 1600 especies, de las cuales alrededor del 35% se constituyeron en primeros registr...

  12. Análisis del concepto caribe: crítica epistemológica para entender el caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald Alfaro García

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una revisión del concepto caribe a la luz de una perspectiva discursiva y epistemológica en consonancia con la coyuntura de las relaciones entre hegemonías del poder y espacio geográfico. Pretende entender teóricamente el concepto caribe y articularlo a las problemáticas que éste implica. La revisión atiende a las perspectivas socioculturales y discursivas que llevan a concluir que el concepto macro y la realidad del Caribe Colombiano deben ser pensados a la luz de las ...

  13. Host-parasite interactions between the piranha Pygocentrus nattereri (Characiformes: Characidae and isopods and branchiurans (Crustacea in the rio Araguaia basin, Brazil

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    Lucélia Nobre Carvalho

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In the tropics, studies on the ecology of host-parasite interactions are incipient and generally related to taxonomic aspects. The main objective of the present work was to analyze ecological aspects and identify the metazoan fauna of ectoparasites that infest the piranha, Pygocentrus nattereri. In May 2002, field samples were collected in the rio Araguaia basin, State of Goiás (Brazil. A total of 252 individuals of P. nattereri were caught with fishhooks and 32.14% were infested with ectoparasite crustaceans. The recorded ectoparasites were branchiurans, Argulus sp. and Dolops carvalhoi and the isopods Braga patagonica, Anphira branchialis and Asotana sp. The prevalence and mean intensity of branchiurans (16.6% and 1.5, respectively and isopods (15.5% and 1.0, respectively were similar. Isopods were observed in the gills of the host; branchiurans were more frequent where the skin was thinner, and facilitated attachment and feeding. The ventral area, the base of the pectoral fin and the gular area were the most infested areas. The correlations between the standard length of the host and the variables intensity and prevalence of crustaceans parasitism, were significant only for branchiurans (rs = 0.2397, p = 0.0001; chi2 = 7.97; C = 0.19. These results suggest that both feeding sites and body size probably play an important role in the distribution and abundance of ectoparasites.Nos trópicos, os estudos sobre a ecologia de interações parasito-hospedeiro são incipientes, sendo a maioria de cunho taxonômico. O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a fauna metazoária de ectoparasitas e analisar aspectos ecológicos da piranha Pygocentrus nattereri. As coletas foram realizadas em maio de 2002, na bacia do rio Araguaia, GO. Com o auxílio de linha e anzol foram capturados 252 exemplares de P. nattereri, dos quais 32,14% estavam infestados por crustáceos ectoparasitos. As espécies de ectoparasitas registradas foram Argulus sp

  14. Biomass Burning observed during IAGOS - CARIBIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumaier, Marco; Fischbeck, Garlich; Hermann, Markus; Scharffe, Dieter; Safadi, Layal; Zahn, Andreas

    2016-04-01

    Biomass Burning observed during IAGOS - CARIBIC Since May 2005 the CARIBIC passenger aircraft (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container - Lufthansa, Airbus 340-600) measures ˜100 trace gases and aerosol components in the UTLS (9-12 km altitude) on 4-6 consecutive long-distance flights per month. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are measured with a Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometer (PTR-MS). Worldwide ~1.3 Tg/y of acetonitrile (CH3CN) is emitted into the atmosphere almost exclusively from biomass burning (BB) together with other VOCs (e.g. ketones, aldehydes, aromatics), CO, CO2, NOx and aerosol particles. Therefore, and due to its rather long tropospheric lifetime of ~6 months, acetonitrile constitutes a reliable BB tracer. Based on the signal of acetonitrile and CO we checked several algorithms to detect BB plumes in the IAGOS-CARIBIC data set. It turned out that the most intense BB plumes were sampled during summer over North America and during autumn over South America. The results will also be discussed with respect to biases due to flight statistics (i.e. destination, flight season, sampling of tropospheric and stratospheric air, etc.). Two flights that took place during the strong ENSO (El Niño/Southern Oscillation) event in July 2015 between Munich (MUC) and Los Angeles (LAX) will be discussed in more detail by taking into account other VOCs and aerosol particles. Here acetonitrile mixing ratios of up to ~1100 pptv were sampled over Greenland ~0.5 km above the tropopause. It is shown that the sampled air originated from Northern America / Canada where strong wildfires took place. During the flight from LAX to MUC the boundary layer air entered the upper troposphere by isentropic quasi-horizontal mixing and not by fast convective transport. The correlation of some VOCs (i.e. acetone, methanol and acetonitrile) with CO will be discussed and contrasted to findings from the literature. It is

  15. Karyotypical diversity of the red piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri (Characiformes, Characidae, Salobo river, Araguaia basin, Pará, Brazil Diversidade cariotípica de piranha vermelha (“Pygocentrus nattereri” (Characiformes, Characidae, rio Salobo, bacia do Araguaia, Pará, Brasil. DOI: 10.7902/ecb.v2i1.32

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    Mariana Passos Santana

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Serrasalmideos are fish commonly known as pacus and piranhas, and include around 80 species and 15 generas. The generas are represented in the Amazon, Paraná-Paraguay and São Francisco basins. The objective of this work was to perform Karyotypical analyses and define the locations of the NOR sites in specimens of red piranhas (Pygocentrus nattereri. Ten individuals of P. nattereri were collected in the Salobo River, Araguaia basin, in Rio Maria municipality, Pará, Brazil. Kidney cells were extracted from each specimen to obtain chromosomes in mitotic metaphases, and stained with silver nitrate to observe the NORs. The recorded photograph was made using an Olympus BX60 microscope, the photos were processed in Adobe Photoshop CS2 and the metaphases were mounted in Image-Pro Plus®. The specimens presented a 2n=60 diploid number and the chromosomal formula was 14m+22sm+14st+10a, with NF=100. The results of the NOR karyotypes are within the variation expected for this family, genus and species.

    Serrasalmideos são peixes conhecidos por pacus e piranhas, incluindo cerca de 80 espécies e 15 gêneros. Os gêneros estão representados na bacia Amazônica, Paraná-Paraguia e São Francisco. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar análises cariotípicas e definir a localização dos sítios de NORs, em espécimes de piranha vermelha Pygocentrus nattereri. Foram analisados dez indivíduos de P. nattereri coletados no rio Salobo, bacia do Araguaia, no município de Rio Maria, Pará-Brasil. Os espécimes foram submetidos às técnicas de obtenção de cromossomos mitóticos metafásicos a partir de células do rim anterior e as NORs obtidas pela impregnação com nitrato de prata. O registro fotográfico feito em microscópio Olympus BX60, as fotos processadas em Adobe Photoshop CS2 e as metáfases montadas no Image-Pro Plus®. Os espécimes apresentaram 2n=60 e a fórmula cromossômica 14m+22sm+14st+10a, com NF=100. Os

  16. Project Caribe, 1986-1987. OEA Evaluation Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villegas, Jose J.; Cabrera, Eulalia

    Project CARIBE (Career Awareness in Bilingual Education) was a Title VII-funded project in its third year at two New York high schools, one in Brooklyn and one in Queens. The project supplemented municipally funded bilingual programs for limited-English-speaking Hispanic students by establishing a resource/computer center and conducting academic…

  17. Project CARIBE, 1985-1986. OEA Evaluation Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

    In 1985-86, the second year of funding, Project CARIBE proposed to increase career awareness among Spanish-speaking students of limited English proficiency (LEP) through a computer-literacy program. The project operated at two schools in Brooklyn, New York, Eastern District High School and Clara Barton High School, but after the number of…

  18. Gobioides broussoneti Lacepede (Pisces: Gobiidae) en el Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Acero-P., A.; Arenas-Granados, P.

    1990-01-01

    Se registra la presencia del pe? Gobiidae Gobioides broussoneti en el área adyacente a la boca de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (Caribe colombiano). Se colectaron 29 especímenes, 28 de ellos Juveniles (48-51 mm) y el otro un macho maduro (553 mm); el contenido del tubo digestivo del adulto indica que la especie consume básicamente material detrítico vegetal, complementado con pequeños invertebrados.

  19. Atmospheric mercury measurements onboard the CARIBIC passenger aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slemr, Franz; Weigelt, Andreas; Ebinghaus, Ralf; Kock, Hans H.; Bödewadt, Jan; Brenninkmeijer, Carl A. M.; Rauthe-Schöch, Armin; Weber, Stefan; Hermann, Markus; Becker, Julia; Zahn, Andreas; Martinsson, Bengt

    2016-05-01

    Goal of the project CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrumented Container) is to carry out regular and detailed observations of atmospheric composition (particles and gases) at cruising altitudes of passenger aircraft, i.e. at 9-12 km. Mercury has been measured since May 2005 by a modified Tekran instrument (Tekran Model 2537 A analyser, Tekran Inc., Toronto, Canada) during monthly intercontinental flights between Europe and South and North America, Africa, and Asia. Here we describe the instrument modifications, the post-flight processing of the raw instrument signal, and the fractionation experiments.

  20. Comercio de Colombia con el Caribe Insular, 1990-1999

    OpenAIRE

    María Modesta Aguilera Diaz

    2001-01-01

    El Caribe insular es un mercado regional que ofrece una gran oportunidad de exportación para los bienes y servicios colombianos, debido a que es importador de la mayoría de los bienes que consume. Esta investigación analiza la evolución y magnitud del comercio que Colombia mantuvo con esta región económica en la década de los noventa, encontrando un mercado aún muy reducido con una alta especialización hacia la venta de petróleo, pero con una tendencia a la diversificación hacia otros product...

  1. CARIBE WAVE/LANTEX Caribbean and Western Atlantic Tsunami Exercises

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Hillebrandt-Andrade, C.; Whitmore, P.; Aliaga, B.; Huerfano Moreno, V.

    2013-12-01

    Over 75 tsunamis have been documented in the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions over the past 500 years. While most have been generated by local earthquakes, distant generated tsunamis can also affect the region. For example, waves from the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and tsunami were observed in Cuba, Dominican Republic, British Virgin Islands, as well as Antigua, Martinique, Guadalupe and Barbados in the Lesser Antilles. Since 1500, at least 4484 people are reported to have perished in these killer waves. Although the tsunami generated by the 2010 Haiti earthquake claimed only a few lives, in the 1530 El Pilar, Venezuela; 1602 Port Royale, Jamaica; 1918 Puerto Rico; and 1946 Samaná, Dominican Republic tsunamis the death tolls ranged to over a thousand. Since then, there has been an explosive increase in residents, visitors, infrastructure, and economic activity along the coastlines, increasing the potential for human and economic loss. It has been estimated that on any day, upwards of more than 500,000 people could be in harm's way just along the beaches, with hundreds of thousands more working and living in the tsunamis hazard zones. Given the relative infrequency of tsunamis, exercises are a valuable tool to test communications, evaluate preparedness and raise awareness. Exercises in the Caribbean are conducted under the framework of the UNESCO IOC Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami and other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (CARIBE EWS) and the US National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. On March 23, 2011, 34 countries and territories participated in the first CARIBE WAVE/LANTEX regional tsunami exercise, while in the second exercise on March 20, 2013 a total of 45 countries and territories participated. 481 organizations (almost 200 more than in 2011) also registered to receive the bulletins issued by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC), West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and/or the Puerto Rico

  2. Distribuição e alimentação de duas espécies simpátricas de piranhas Serrasalmus maculatus e Pygocentrus nattereri (Characidae, Serrasalminae do rio Ibicuí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Distribution and feeding of two sympatric species of piranhas Serrasalmus maculatus and Pygocentrus nattereri (Characidae, Serrasalminae of the Ibicuí river, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everton R. Behr

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Duas espécies de piranhas ocorrem no rio Ibicuí, um dos principais afluentes do rio Uruguai. Com o objetivo de analisar a distribuição e a alimentação destas espécies, foram realizadas coletas de dezembro de 1999 a janeiro de 2002, utilizando-se diferentes artes de pesca em três pontos do rio, sendo que cada ponto foi amostrado em dois ambientes (lêntico e lótico. Foram capturados 203 indivíduos de Serrasalmus maculatus Kner, 1858 e 86 de Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858, sendo que a maior captura de ambas as espécies ocorreu no ambiente lêntico e próximo ao rio Uruguai, onde P. nattereri parece estar mais concentrada. O número de exemplares capturados por horário não apresentou variações significativas em P. nattereri enquanto que S. maculatus apresentou a maior captura na revisão da meia-noite. Juvenis de S. maculatus (2-4 cm de comprimento padrão consumiram preferencialmente nadadeiras e insetos. Nas demais classes de tamanho de ambas as espécies, restos de peixes foi o alimento predominante, havendo sobreposição alimentar intra e interespecífica nas maiores classes (8-16 cm e >16 cm de comprimento padrão. Não foram constatadas diferenças no índice de repleção entre os horários e os ambientes para as duas espécies.Two species of piranhas occur in the Ibicuí River, one of the main tributaries of the Uruguay River in southern Brazil, Serrasalmus maculatus Kner, 1858 and Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858. In order to analyze the distribution and feeding habits of these species we conducted collecting expeditions from December 1999 to January 2002, using a variety of fishing gears in three sites along the river, both in lentic and lotic habitats. A total of 203 individuals of S. maculatus and 86 of P. nattereri were caught, mostly in lentic habitats and closer to the Uruguay River, were P. nattereri seems to be more concentrated. The number of individuals captured at different times did not show variation in P

  3. First results from the high resolution air sampler (HIRES) installed in the CARIBIC observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenninkmeijer, C. A.; Koeppel, C.; Baker, A. K.; Schuck, T. J.

    2011-12-01

    In May 2010 the CARIBIC instrument container (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container; www.caribic-atmospheric.com) was upgraded to include a new high resolution air sampler, HIRES. This new sampler consists of 88 1L stainless steel sampling flasks, supplementing the existing 2 units with 14 2.5L glass flasks each, increasing the CARIBIC sampling capacity to 116 whole air samples collected using a single pumping unit having two metal bellow pumps in series. The CARIBIC project involves the monthly deployment of a fully automated instrument container equipped to make atmospheric measurements from aboard a commercial airliner, and has operated since 2005 onboard a Lufthansa Airbus 340-600. Measurements from the container include in-situ trace gas and aerosol analyses and the collection of aerosol and whole air samples for post-flight laboratory analysis. Measurements made from the sampling flasks include greenhouse gas (GHG) and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) analysis. The first deployment of HIRES for a CARIBIC flight was in June 2010, and it has been in routine monthly operation since, making a total of 1188 HIRES air samples collected as of July 2011 (from a total of 1566 CARIBIC air samples). The ability of CARIBIC to observe the atmosphere at aircraft cruising altitudes (9-12 km) provides the opportunity to regularly measure the composition of the upper troposphere/lowermost stratosphere (UT/LS), and increased sampling resolution has provided invaluable long-term observations of GHG and NMHC gradients across the tropopause which are unique to CARIBIC. Here we provide a detailed description of the collection system itself, and give first results from the inaugural year of HIRES, which include detailed observations of pollution plumes over eastern Asia, tropical convection over continental Africa, and trace gas gradients in the tropopause at high northern latitudes.

  4. CARIBIC aircraft measurements of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic plumes in April/May 2010

    OpenAIRE

    A. Rauthe-Schöch; Weigelt, A; Hermann, M.; B. G. Martinsson; A. K. Baker; K.-P. Heue; C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer; Zahn, A.; D. Scharffe; S. Eckhardt; Stohl, A.; van Velthoven, P.F.J.

    2011-01-01

    The Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container (CARIBIC) project investigates physical and chemical processes in the Earth's atmosphere using a Lufthansa Airbus long-distance passenger aircraft. After the beginning of the explosive eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano on Iceland on 14 April 2010, the first CARIBIC volcano-specific measurement flight was carried out over the Baltic Sea and Southern Sweden on 20 April. Two more flights fo...

  5. CARIBIC observations of short-lived halocarbons and carbonyl sulphide over Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leedham, E.; Wisher, A.; Oram, D.; Baker, A. K.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.

    2013-12-01

    The CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, www.caribic-atmospheric.com) aims to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution of a wide-range of compounds, including those of marine origin/influence, via ~monthly flights to collect in situ data and whole air samples aboard a commercial Lufthansa aircraft. CARIBIC measures up to an altitude of 12 km, allowing the influence of marine compounds on the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS) to be explored. In particular, CARIBIC is a useful tool for exploring the impact of very short lived halocarbons (e.g. CH2Br2, CHBr3), whose impact on stratospheric ozone is dependent on convective uplift to the UTLS, a process which is not yet fully quantified. As part of the suite of CARIBIC measurements, whole air samples are analysed at the University of East Anglia (UEA) via gas chromatography mass spectrometry for carbonyl sulphide (OCS) and up to 40 halocarbons (accounting for virtually 100% of organic chlorine, bromine and iodine in the UTLS). Here we present an overview of short-lived halocarbons and OCS measured by CARIBIC. We focus on two regions of particular interest. (1) measurements made in 2012 over the tropical west Pacific to link with UEA measurements made during the SHIVA campaign. (2) measurements made during a collection of flights over India in 2008. Flights over India investigated the impact of monsoon circulation on the distribution of these compounds; for example, elevated concentrations of OCS were seen in CARIBIC samples taken over India during the summer monsoon (July - September). These flights, along with a wider range of flights over Asia (from Frankfurt to Guangzhou, Manila, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur) can provide unique information on the influence of tropical convection and monsoon circulation on halocarbon and OCS transport within this region.

  6. Colorado Library Program Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Becky

    2012-01-01

    Colorado school librarians are in the midst of a crisis. According to a 2009-2010 survey of public schools in Colorado, just 23% of elementary schools have an endorsed librarian, while 37% of middle schools and 32% of high schools report having an endorsed librarian. This report also shows how these percentages have dropped in just a two-year…

  7. Census Snapshot: Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    Romero, Adam P; Rosky, Clifford J; Badgett, M. V. Lee; Gates, Gary J.

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, this report provides demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children in Colorado. We compare same-sex “unmarried partners,” which the Census Bureau defines as an unmarried couple who “shares living quarters and has a close personal relationship,” to different-sex married couples in Colorado. In many ways, the almost 16,000 same-sex couples living in Colorado are similar to married couples. According t...

  8. An optical particle size spectrometer for aircraft-borne measurements in IAGOS-CARIBIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermann, Markus; Weigelt, Andreas; Assmann, Denise; Pfeifer, Sascha; Muller, Thomas; Conrath, Thomas; Voigtlander, Jens; Heintzenberg, Jost; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Martinsson, Bengt G.; Deshler, Terry; Brenninkmeijer, Carl A. M.; Zahn, Andreas

    2016-05-01

    The particle number size distribution is an important parameter to characterize the atmospheric aerosol and its influence on the Earth's climate. Here we describe a new optical particle size spectrometer (OPSS) for measurements of the accumulation mode particle number size distribution in the tropopause region on board a passenger aircraft (IAGOS-CARIBIC observatory: In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System - Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container). A modified KS93 particle sensor from RION Co., Ltd., together with a new airflow system and a dedicated data acquisition system, is the key component of the CARIBIC OPSS. The instrument records individual particle pulse signal curves in the particle size range 130-1110 nm diameter (for a particle refractive index of 1.47-i0.006) together with a time stamp and thus allows the post-flight choice of the time resolution and the size distribution bin width. The CARIBIC OPSS has a 50 % particle detection diameter of 152 nm and a maximum asymptotic counting efficiency of 98 %. The instrument's measurement performance shows no pressure dependency and no particle coincidence for free tropospheric conditions. The size response function of the CARIBIC OPSS was obtained by a polystyrene latex calibration in combination with model calculations. Particle number size distributions measured with the new OPSS in the lowermost stratosphere agreed within a factor of 2 in concentration with balloon-borne measurements over western North America. Since June 2010 the CARIBIC OPSS is deployed once per month in the IAGOS-CARIBIC observatory.

  9. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 04

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  10. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 11

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  11. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 03

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  12. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 01

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  13. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 10

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  14. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 05

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  15. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 14

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  16. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 12

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  17. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 02

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  18. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 07

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  19. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 13

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  20. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 09

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  1. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 08

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  2. La culture musicale caribéenne de New York - 06

    OpenAIRE

    Audebert, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Le bassin caribéen est un espace de production musicale foisonnante (reggae, salsa, konpa, meringue, zouk, calypso, etc.) au rayonnement international. Les musiques puisent leur énergie principalement dans l'héritage de la plantation et des quartiers populaires urbains des îles d'origine, mais aussi dans le cosmopolitisme des métropoles d'immigration. La mondialisation des musiques caribéennes s'appuie sur les puissants réseaux nord-américains de production et de diffusion, dont les communaut...

  3. Políticas para transformar el capital humano en el Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz

    2006-01-01

    El objetivo de la presente investigación es proponer políticas y acciones que contribuyan a mejorar el nivel del capital humano en la Costa Caribe colombiana. El diagnóstico de la educación en esta región se torna preocupante en aspectos relacionados con la cobertura, nivel de analfabetismo y calidad. Esta situación poco ayuda a acelerar el crecimiento económico de la región, ni tampoco a mejorar las condiciones de vida de su población. Si el Caribe colombiano logra estructurar una política e...

  4. CARIBE 71, UNA VARIEDAD DE CEBOLLA PARA CLIMA TROPICAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Muñoz

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Estación Experimental Agronómica de Santiago de las Vegas, actual Instituto de Investigaciones Fundamentales en Agricultura Tropical "Alejandro de Humbolt" (INIFAT del Ministerio de la Agricultura (MINAG, se desarrollaron una serie de investigaciones con el objetivo de mejorar la producción de cebolla en el país. Se determinó la problemática que presentaba el cultivo para la producción comercial y se consideró que era necesario desarrollar variedades para condiciones tropicales, de las cuales se pudiera producir la semilla en Cuba. Aplicando tratamiento de invernación a los bulbos se lograron floraciones y semillas, pudiéndose iniciar los trabajos de mejoramiento genético en esta especie, producto de los cuales se obtiene la variedad Caribe 71, de color rojo de los tipos secas picantes, con buen grado de tolerancia en condiciones de campo al hongo Alternaria porri (Ell Cif. y conservación en condiciones de almacenamiento por más de cinco meses. Su ciclo económico es de 140 días, muy estable en la producción y desarrolla bulbos de buena forma y tamaño en más del 90 % de las plantas. El potencial de rendimiento es superior a las 40 t.ha-1 y puede producirse la semilla en el país, con rendimientos entre 300 y 400 kg.ha-1, los cuales son rentables en las condiciones de Cuba.

  5. BID estima flujos de remesas a América Latina y el Caribe para 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Meins; Gregory Watson; Natasha Bajuk

    2008-01-01

    Da a conocer la estimación del flujo de remesas a América y el Caribe por parte del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID). Asimismo, señala las perspectivas para las remesas desde los EEUU y España.

  6. HERPETOFAUNA DE NEGUANJE, PARQUE NACIONAL NATURAL TAYRONA, CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    castellanos jeiner jesus

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    La herpetofauna del Parque Nacional Tayrona (Sector Neguanje fue estudiada durante 30 días entre los meses de septiembre y octubre del 2004 por medio del método de registros de encuentros visuales, la búsqueda activa y la disposición de barreras de intercepción con trampas de caída. Se registraron 44 especies, 11 de Anfibios y 33 de Reptiles, distribuidos en 18 familias y 37 géneros. Las curvas de acumulación de especie mostraron que aproximadamente 20 días son suficientes para registrar todas las especies de lagartos, situación inversa fue observada para las especies de ranas y serpientes. El lagarto Lepidoblepharis sanctaemartae fue la especie con mayor abundancia relativa registrada en el sector, lo que implica un buen criterio potencial para su protección. Se amplia la distribución local de la especie Colosthetus ruthveni, la cual era reportada solo para la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta desde su descripción en 1997. Finalmente, este estudio revela que el sector Neguanje presentó el 33 % de la riqueza de especies registrada para la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, lo que posiciona ha esta zona como una de las más representativas en cuanto a biodiversidad en el Caribe Colombiano.

  7. Asbestos in Colorado Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Cynthia A.

    This study determined, by means of a random sample, how many of Colorado's public schools have asbestos materials and estimated the potential risk of exposure presented by these materials. Forty-one schools were surveyed. Bulk samples of possible asbestos materials were collected and analyzed using the K-squared Asbestos Screening Test to…

  8. Comparison between CARIBIC Aerosol Samples Analysed by Accelerator-Based Methods and Optical Particle Counter Measurements

    OpenAIRE

    B. G. Martinsson; J. Friberg; Andersson, S M; Weigelt, A; Hermann, M.; D. Assmann; J. Voigtländer; C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer; Velthoven, P. J. F.; Zahn, A.

    2014-01-01

    Inter-comparison of results from two kinds of aerosol systems in the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on a Instrument Container) passenger aircraft based observatory, operating during intercontinental flights at 9–12 km altitude, is presented. Aerosol from the lowermost stratosphere (LMS), the extra-tropical upper troposphere (UT) and the tropical mid troposphere (MT) were investigated. Aerosol particle volume concentration measur...

  9. Variables ambientales durante eventos de blanqueamiento coralino en el Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Rodríguez, Deisy Alejandra

    2013-01-01

    Resumen: Como consecuencia de un estrés natural o antropogénico, los corales expulsan de sus tejidos a las zooxantelas, dando lugar a un blanqueamiento que luego puede generar mortalidades masivas. Se han identificado algunas variables asociadas al blanqueamiento pero la temperatura superficial del mar (TSM) ha sido descrita como la causa principal. En el Caribe colombiano los eventos de blanqueamiento han mostrado diferencias espaciales y temporales que no han sido explicadas. Con el fin de ...

  10. Pollution plumes observed during CARIBIC flights in the upper troposphere between South China and the Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Lai, S. C.; A. K. Baker; T. J. Schuck; P. van Velthoven; D. E. Oram; Zahn, A.; Hermann, M.; Weigelt, A; Slemr, F.; C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer

    2009-01-01

    A strong pollution episode in the upper troposphere between South China and the Philippines was observed during CARIBIC flights in April 2007. Five pollution plumes were intersected and enhancements in aerosol and trace gas concentrations including CO, CO2, CH4, non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and halocarbons were observed along the flight tracks during four sequential flights. The importance of the contribution of biomass burning was investigate...

  11. NO and NOy in the upper troposphere: Nine years of CARIBIC measurements onboard a passenger aircraft

    OpenAIRE

    Stratmann, Greta; Ziereis, Helmut; Stock, Paul; Brenninkmeijer, C.A.; Zahn, A.; Rauthe-Schöch, A.; van Velthoven, Peter; Schlager, Hans; A. Volz-Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Nitrogen oxide (NO and NOy) measurements were performed onboard an in-service aircraft within the framework of CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container). A total of 330 flights were completed from May 2005 through April 2013 between Frankfurt/Germany and destination airports in Canada, the USA, Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, South Africa, China, South Korea, Japan, India, Thailand, and the Philippines....

  12. CARIBIC observations of gaseous mercury in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slemr F.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A unique set of gaseous mercury measurements in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS has been obtained during the monthly CARIBIC (www.caribic-atmospheric.com flights since May 2005. The passenger Airbus 340-600 of Lufthansa covered routes to the Far East, North America, India, and the southern hemisphere. The accompanying measurements of CO, O3, NOy, H2O, aerosols, halocarbons, hydrocarbons, greenhouse gases, and several other parameters as well as backward trajectories enable a detailed analysis of these measurements. Speciation tests have shown that the CARIBIC measurements represent a good approximation of total gaseous mercury (TGM concentrations. Above the tropopause TGM always decrease with increasing potential vorticity (PV and O3 which implies its conversion to particle bound mercury. The observation of the lowest TGM concentrations at the highest particle concentrations in the stratosphere provides further evidence for such conversion. We will show how a seasonally dependent conversion rate could be derived using concomitantly measured SF6 mixing ratios as a timer. Tropospheric mercury data suggest the existence of a decreasing trend in the northern hemisphere whose size is comparable with the trend derived from long-term measurements by ship cruises, at Cape Point (South Africa and Mace Head (Ireland.

  13. Colorado Geothermal Commercialization Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Healy, F.C.

    1980-04-01

    Chaffee County, located in central Colorado, has immense potential for geothermal development. This report has been prepared to assist residents and developers in and outside the area to develop the hydrothermal resources of the county. Data has been collected and interpreted from numerous sources in order to introduce a general description of the area, estimate energy requirements, describe the resources and postulate a development plan. Electric power generation and direct heat application potential for the region are described.

  14. Asociación de Estados del Caribe: ¿Hacia qué regionalización?

    OpenAIRE

    Bello, Lourdes María Regueiro

    2013-01-01

    Note portant sur l’auteur Introducción El decenio de los noventa se ha iniciado con la revitalización de los esquemas de integración en América Latina y el Caribe en los marcos de un nuevo entorno regional, hemisférico y mundial al que algunos teóricos llaman “nuevo orden mundial”. En el ámbito regional, un complejo entramado de viejos y nuevos esquemas emerge como expresión de los “nuevos aires” que asisten a la integración de América Latina y el Caribe. La Asociación de Estados del Caribe (...

  15. Informe final de la Consulta sobre gestión ambiental en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID); Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD); Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA)

    1998-01-01

    El presente documento representa el informe final de la Consulta sobre Gestión Ambiental en América Latina y el Caribe realizada en Washington, D.C., entre el 17 y el 18 de septiembre de 1998, que fue organizada por el Comité Técnico Interagencial del Foro de Ministros de Medio Ambiente de América Latina y el Caribe. La Consulta fue fruto de las decisiones de la XI Reunión del Foro de Ministros de Medio Ambiente de América Latina y el Caribe en 1998. Allí se definió la gestión ambiental como ...

  16. Sismicidad y Tectónica en el Límite de Placas del Caribe: Noreste de Venezuela e Hispaniola

    OpenAIRE

    Villaseñor Hidalgo, Antonio

    1995-01-01

    [spa] En este trabajo se analiza la sismotectónica de dos regiones situadas en el límite de placas del Caribe: el noreste de Venezuela en el límite Caribe-América del Sur y el noreste de Hispaniola en límite Caribe-América del Norte. Ambas zonas se caracterizan porque en ellas el límite de placas está constituido por una amplia zona de deformación (zona de límite de placas), y compuesto por varios elementos o terranos. Los datos utilizados en este estudio son de tres tipos: sismogramas histór...

  17. Islas de tierra firme: ¿un modelo para el Caribe continental? El caso de Yucatán

    OpenAIRE

    Margaret Shrimpton Masson

    2015-01-01

    La Península de Yucatán, al extremo oriente de Mexico, suele ser representada como “el país que no se parece a otro”, o incluso, como una isla. Este artículo aborda dos puntos clave en torno a Yucatán y su relación con el espacio nacional/regional: su insularidad y la existencia/pertenencia al Caribe continental. El primero, considera la idea de la isla y sus límites para entender a la región Caribe como espacio que demuestra una articulación entre isla-contine...

  18. La innovación en la industria manufacturera de la Región Caribe Colombiana

    OpenAIRE

    Barrios Aguirre, Fernando; Cárcamo Vergara, Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Este documento analiza los principales determinantes del desempeño innovador en las firmas manufactureras de la Región Caribe colombiana. Se construye un modelo de regresión a tres niveles que relaciona variables a nivel firma, sector y región. La hipótesis central es que algunos de los determinantes específicos de la innovación que propone la literatura internacional aplican y se comprueban para el caso de la Región Caribe colombiana. El análisis se basa principalmente en datos de la Cuarta ...

  19. ¿En busca de una Pax Americana? La Cuenca del Caribe como el Mare Nostrum estadounidense.

    OpenAIRE

    Coronado Holman

    2012-01-01

    La periodización de la política exterior norteamericana frente a los Estados que componen la Cuenca del Caribe, permite formar una imagen de las conductas e identidades que se han tenido y aún se tienen con respecto a la inserción, participación e inclusión de Estados Unidos en el policy-making interno de la Cuenca del Caribe. Esta forma de hacer política de Estados Unidos ha sido cambiante y altamente influenciada por la idea de la estabilidad y control hemisférico que siempre ha pretendido...

  20. Evolución Geológica del margen norte de la placa del caribe, República Dominicana

    OpenAIRE

    Tavares, I; Hernáiz Huerta, P. P.; Pérez-Estaún, Andrés; García Cortés, A.

    2002-01-01

    La Isla La Española se encuentra situada en la actualidad en la parte septentrional de la Placa del Caribe. Conjuntamente con Puerto Rico, constituye una unidad que puede interpretarse como una microplaca, limitada al Norte por una zona de subducción oblicua, con una fuerte componente de salto en dirección, y al Sur por otra zona de subducción incipiente a la que se asocia la Fosa de los Muertos. El margen Norte de la Placa del Caribe ha evolucionado desde constituir un límite contro...

  1. CARIBIC aircraft measurements of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic plumes in April/May 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rauthe-Schöch

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container (CARIBIC project investigates physical and chemical processes in the Earth's atmosphere using a Lufthansa Airbus long-distance passenger aircraft. After the beginning of the explosive eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano on Iceland on 14 April 2010, the first CARIBIC volcano-specific measurement flight was carried out over the Baltic Sea and Southern Sweden on 20 April. Two more flights followed: one over Ireland and the Irish Sea on 16 May and the other over the Norwegian Sea on 19 May 2010. During these three special mission flights the CARIBIC container proved its merits as a versatile and comprehensive flying laboratory. The elemental composition of particles collected over the Baltic Sea during the first flight (20 April indicated the presence of volcanic ash. Over Northern Ireland and the Irish Sea (16 May, the DOAS system detected SO2 and BrO co-located with volcanic ash particles that increased the aerosol optical depth. Over the Norwegian Sea (19 May, the optical particle counter detected a strong increase of particles larger than 400 nm diameter in a region where ash clouds were predicted by aerosol dispersion models. Aerosol particle samples collected over the Irish Sea and the Norwegian Sea showed large relative enhancements of the elements silicon, iron, titanium and calcium. Non-methane hydrocarbon concentrations in whole air samples collected on 16 May and 19 May 2010 showed a pattern of removal of several hydrocarbons that is typical for chlorine chemistry in the plumes. Comparisons of measured ash concentrations and simulations with the FLEXPART dispersion model demonstrate the difficulty of detailed volcanic ash dispersion modelling due to the large variability of the volcanic plume sources, extent and patchiness as well as the thin ash layers formed in the volcanic plumes.

  2. Los encuentros lésbicos feministas latinoamericanos y del Caribe en la era del postfeminismo

    OpenAIRE

    Mogrovejo Aquise Norma

    2011-01-01

    El próximo VIII Encuentro Lésbico Feminista Latinoamericano y del Caribe a realizarse en Guatemala, plantea tanto para el movimiento lésbico como para el movimiento feminista y homosexual importantes retos para la discusión teórica y la reformulación de agendas. En un contexto en que el postfeminismo ha cuestionado la centralidad del sujeto mujer en la política feminista, las lesbianas latinoamericanas discutirán los efectos del neocolonialismo en las políticas identitarias y el feminicidio e...

  3. Transport of NMHCs and halocarbons observed by CARIBIC: A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Oram, D. E.; O'Sullivan, D. A.; Schuck, T. J.; Slemr, F.

    2009-04-01

    The CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) involves the monthly deployment of an instrument container equipped to make atmospheric measurements from onboard a long-range commercial airliner. Since December 2004, flights for the second phase of CARIBIC have been aboard a Lufthansa Airbus A340-600 traveling between Frankfurt, Germany and destinations in Asia, North America and South America. The instrument package housed in the container is fully automated and during each flight carries out a variety of real-time trace gas and aerosol measurements, and also collects 28 air samples, which are analyzed upon return to the laboratory. Routine measurements made from the sampling flasks include greenhouse gases, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), and halocarbons; results of air sample analysis form the basis for the data discussed here. While the majority of CARIBIC samples represent background free tropospheric air and air representative of the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere, the aircraft also, less frequently, encounters air parcels influenced by more recent emissions. Here we present a case study of a round-trip flight between Frankfurt and Toronto, Canada during September 2007. During this flight, different air masses of unique origin were encountered; a number of samples were influenced by transport from the Gulf of Mexico, while others had source regions in Central and Southeast Asia. Samples from the Gulf of Mexico exhibited enhancements in C3-C6 alkanes, as well as a number of halogenated compounds with oceanic sources, such as methyl iodide and bromoform, while Asian samples had enhanced levels of combustion products (CO, acetylene, benzene) and anthropogenic halocarbons (methlyene chloride, chloroform, perchloroethylene). Additionally, a number of samples also showed stratospheric influence, and these samples were characterized by relatively depleted levels of many of the compounds

  4. Lista de especies de dinoflagelados (Dinophyta) registrados en el mar Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano Duque, Y.; Alfonso Vidal, L.; Navas S., G. R.

    2011-01-01

    Se presenta un listado de especies de dinoflagelados marinos registrados en la zona costera y oceánica del mar Caribe colombiano. Este listado se basa en la revisión de información disponible de estudios sobre la comunidad fitoplanctónica. Se registran un total de 186 taxones correspondientes a 169 especies con 27 variedades y seis formas. Estos se agrupan en 32 géneros, 17 familias, seis órdenes y dos clases. La clasificación taxonómica se basó en el sistema propuesto por Fensome...

  5. Miasis nosocomiales en América Latina y el Caribe: ¿una realidad ignorada?

    OpenAIRE

    Rocío Sánchez-Sánchez; Ólger Calderón-Arguedas; Nury Mora-Brenes; Adriana Troyo

    2014-01-01

    Las miasis nosocomiales son infestaciones por larvas de mosca que se producen después de la hospitalización del paciente. Para analizar la información disponible sobre miasis nosocomiales en América Latina y el Caribe, se realizó una búsqueda de casos publicados en los últimos 52 años. Se encontraron nueve casos clínicos en Brasil, Costa Rica, Guayana Francesa, Honduras y Jamaica. También existen dos publicaciones con datos agregados que mencionan 139 casos en El Salvador y alrededor de 32 en...

  6. Turismo, globalización y medio ambiente en el Caribe mexicano

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Córdoba y Ordóñez; Ana García de Fuentes

    2003-01-01

    Globalización y turismo adquieren la connotación de sinónimos en el Caribe mexicano, que en los últimos 30 años ha pasado de ser un territorio de frontera, prácticamente despoblado, a recibir más de seis millones de visitantes anuales. A partir de los patrones de ocupación territorial generados por la actividad turística -identificados en trabajo de campo mediante un análisis fisionómico- se analizan algunas implicaciones de la compleja relación que guarda el turismo con el des...

  7. Plagas, enfermedades y saberes agrícolas en el Caribe, un estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Prieto, Leida

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available From the new approaches in social studies of science and technology concerned with the analysis of sites where science is developed and how it circulates, I am interested to observe the Caribbean as an island-center in the tropical agronomic knowledge development. For this, I study how the scientific steps were formulated to eradicate the plagues that currently affect more intensely coconut plantations in the Caribbean and Latin America, called Lethal Yellowing Disease of Coconut, which has destroyed the industry crops in many areas. The epidemic first appeared in the nineteenth century in the Caribbean Antilles, which forced local scientists to develop a database of global knowledge. In particular, I observe the process in Cuba from scientific discussions generated at the Royal Academy of Medical Sciences, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana, as well as the entry of U.S. scientists in the new imperial context of early twentieth century, who expanded their field of study throughout the English and Spanish Caribbean through the exchange of ideas and experiences.

    A partir de los nuevos enfoques en los estudios sociales de la ciencia y la tecnología interesados en el análisis de los sitios donde se produce la ciencia y cómo circula, me interesa observar el Caribe como isla-centro en la construcción del saber agronómico tropical. Para ello estudio cómo se fueron formulando científicamente los pasos a seguir para erradicar una de las plagas que actualmente afectan con más intensidad las plantaciones de cocos del Caribe y América Latina, llamada Amarillamiento Letal del Cocotero (ALC, la cual ha destruido la industria de la copra en muchas zonas productoras. La epidemia apareció por vez primera en el siglo XIX en el Caribe antillano, donde obligó a los científicos locales a elaborar un sistema de conocimiento global. En particular, observo ese proceso en Cuba a partir de los debates científicos generados en la Real

  8. Vulnerabilidad, pobreza y desastres ´socionaturales´ en Centroamérica y El Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Salas Serrano, Julián

    2007-01-01

    [ES] El trabajo pretende el estudio y cuantifi cación del riesgo relativo en una geografía física propensa a los fenómenos naturales y con una alta proporción de población en situación de pobreza habitacional, del que se deduce que el riesgo en la zona conformada por nueve países –de Centroamérica y el Caribe- es extraordinariamente superior a la media mundial. Del primer aspecto se ocupan los apartados relativos a delimitar el ‘Área de Estudio’: fenómenos naturales...

  9. Las PYMES y las exportaciones: una perspectiva de América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Suominen, Kati; Volpe Martincus, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Es sabido que, a pesar de las mejoras que tuvieron lugar en los últimos años, las exportaciones de varios países de América Latina y el Caribe aún se encuentran por debajo de su potencial y de lo que cabría esperar en función de sus niveles de desarrollo. Lo mismo sucede con el grado de diversificación de sus exportaciones (Blyde et al., 2014). Asimismo, su participación en las cadenas globales de valor también parece ser relativamente limitada (Blyde y Volpe Martincus, 2011). Esto es importa...

  10. Colorado State Capitol Geothermal project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shepherd, Lance [Colorado Department of Personnel and Adminstration, Denver, CO (United States)

    2016-04-29

    Colorado State Capitol Geothermal Project - Final report is redacted due to space constraints. This project was an innovative large-scale ground-source heat pump (GSHP) project at the Colorado State Capitol in Denver, Colorado. The project employed two large wells on the property. One for pulling water from the aquifer, and another for returning the water to the aquifer, after performing the heat exchange. The two wells can work in either direction. Heat extracted/added to the water via a heat exchanger is used to perform space conditioning in the building.

  11. Colorado wetlands initiative : 1997-2000 : Protecting Colorado's wetlands resource

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Colorado Wetlands Initiative is an endeavor to protect wetlands and wetland-dependent wildlife through the use of voluntary, incentive-based mechanisms. It is a...

  12. Didymozoid Monilicaecum type trematodes in chaetognaths from the Mexican Caribbean Sea Tremátodos didimozoides tipo Monilicaecum en quetognatos del mar caribe mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Gómez del Prado-Rosas

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyses of 22,508 holoplanktonic chaetognaths collected at 21 stations were made from four oceanographic campaigns along the coasts of Quintana Roo, Mexico, in 1991 (Caribe I = February; Caribe II = March; Caribe III = May; Caribe IV= August. Unencysted larval didymozoid parasites were identified as belonging to the Monilicaecum type because of the arrangement of the chambers of the heavily twisted intestinal caeca, which occupy nearly the entire body. These larvae were found in the coelom of seven individuals of the chaetognath Flaccisagitta enflata (prevalence = 0.03, mean intensity = 1 and in two of Serratosagitta serratodentata (prevalence = 0.009, mean intensity = 1. The Mexican Caribbean Sea is reported as a new locality for this type of helminth larvae.Se analizan 22,508 quetognatos holoplánticos capturados en 21 estaciones a lo largo de las costas del estado de Quintana Roo, México durante 1991 (Caribe I= febrero; Caribe II= marzo; Caribe III mayo; Caribe IV= agosto. Las formas no enquistadas de los parásitos didimozoides fueron identificadas como tipo Monilicaecum debido al arreglo de las cámaras de los ciegos intestinales fuertemente sinuosas que ocupan casi la totalidad de la cavidad corporal. Las larvas tipo Monilicaecum fueron encontradas en el celoma de siete quetognatos de la especie Flaccisagitta enflata (prevalencia= 0.03; intensidad promedio de parasitismo = 1 y en dos ejemplares de Serratosagitta serratodentata (prevalencia = 0.009, intensidad promedio = 1. El mar caribe mexicano es registrado como una nueva localidad para esta larva de helminto.

  13. El Caribe desde España.Curaduría, identidad regional y postcolonialidad en el espacio ibérico

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Castellano, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo analiza tres exposiciones de arte caribeño organizadas en España entre los años 90 y la década del 2000: Caribe Insular: Exclusión, Fragmentación y Paraíso; Islas; y Utrópicos. Centroamérica y Caribe. XXXI Bienal de Pontevedra. A través de la revisión de los presupuestos curatoriales presentes en cada proyecto, el texto problematizará la relación entre las diferentes identidades regionales y nacionales, las políticas institucionales y los discursos ex...

  14. Colorados asutati rohelise ehituse toetusprogramm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    USA Colorado osariigi rohelised arhitektid ja projekteerijad asutasid koos ehitusfirmadega programmi "Ehita rohelist Coloradot", mille raames pakutakse rohelise maja või korteri ehitamise väljaõpet

  15. Comparison between CARIBIC aerosol samples analysed by accelerator-based methods and optical particle counter measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. G. Martinsson

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Inter-comparison of results from two kinds of aerosol systems in the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container passenger aircraft based observatory, operating during intercontinental flights at 9–12 km altitude, is presented. Aerosol from the lowermost stratosphere (LMS, the extra-tropical upper troposphere (UT and the tropical mid troposphere (MT were investigated. Aerosol particle volume concentration measured with an optical particle counter (OPC is compared with analytical results of the sum of masses of all major and several minor constituents from aerosol samples collected with an impactor. Analyses were undertaken with accelerator-based methods particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE and particle elastic scattering analysis (PESA. Data from 48 flights during one year are used, leading to a total of 106 individual comparisons. The ratios of the particle volume from the OPC and the total mass from the analyses were in 84% within a relatively narrow interval. Data points outside this interval are connected with inlet-related effects in clouds, large variability in aerosol composition, particle size distribution effects and some cases of non-ideal sampling. Overall, the comparison of these two CARIBIC measurements based on vastly different methods show good agreement, implying that the chemical and size information can be combined in studies of the MT/UT/LMS aerosol.

  16. Greenhouse gas analysis of air samples collected onboard the CARIBIC passenger aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuck, T. J.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Slemr, F.; Xueref-Remy, I.; Zahn, A.

    2009-08-01

    CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) is a long-term atmospheric measurement program based on the use of a comprehensive scientific instrument package aboard a commercial passenger aircraft. In addition to real-time measurements, whole air sampling is performed regularly at cruising altitudes in the tropical middle troposphere and the extra-tropical UT/LS region. Air samples are analyzed for greenhouse gases, NMHCs, halocarbons, and trace gas isotopic composition. The routinely performed greenhouse gas analysis comprises gas chromatography measurements of CO2, CH4, N2O and SF6. The air sampling procedure, the GC system and its performance are described. Comparisons with similar systems employed in other laboratories and a comparison with results from a CO2 in-situ analyzer that is also part of the CARIBIC instrumentation are shown. In addition, the time series of CO2, obtained from the collection of 684 samples at latitudes between 30° N and 56° N on 21 round trips out of Germany to different destinations in Asia between November 2005 and October 2008, is presented. A time shift in the seasonal cycle of about one month was observed between the upper troposphere and the tropopause region. For two sets of return flights from Germany to the Philippines the relationship between the four greenhouse gases is briefly discussed.

  17. Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal flora used by the Caribs of Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girón, L M; Freire, V; Alonzo, A; Cáceres, A

    1991-09-01

    An ethnobotanical survey was conducted among the Carib population of Guatemala in 1988-1989. In general terms, the sample surveyed possessed a relatively good standard of living. Results indicated that health services were utilized by the population, and that domestic medicine, mainly plants (96.9%) was used by 15% of the population. One hundred and nineteen plants used for medicinal purposes were collected, of which 102 (85.7%) could be identified; a list of these together with the information provided for each plant is presented. The most frequently reported plants used as medicine are: Acalypha arvensis, Cassia alata, Cymbopogon citratus, Melampodium divaricatum. Momordica charantia, Neurolaena lobata, Ocimum basilicum, Petiveria alliacea and Solanum nigrescens. Most of these plants are found in the region, but some are brought from the Highlands or outside of the country, such as Malva parviflora, Matricaria chamomilla, Peumus boldus, Pimpinella anisum, Rosmarinus officinalis and Tagetes lucida. This survey demonstrated that the Carib population of Guatemala has survived in a transcultural environment of African and native Amerindian beliefs. PMID:1795521

  18. Educación inclusiva en América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa BLANCO GUIJARRO

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available América Latina y el Caribe se caracterizan por ser la región del mundo más inequitativa y por poseer sociedades altamente segmentadas, lo que afecta la educación de la población, su integración y cohesión social. Ampliar las oportunidades de todos para acceder a una educación de calidad y desarrollar escuelas más inclusivas, que eduquen en y para la diversidad, se destacan como dos estrategias potentes para avanzar hacia sociedades más justas y democráticas en América Latina. En este trabajo se presenta un análisis detallado de la situación educativa de la región desde la perspectiva del enfoque de derechos y de inclusión, prestando especial atención a las personas y grupos que sufren en mayor medida las consecuencias de las desigualdades, exclusión y marginación. Dicho análisis comienza con un balance de los progresos y desafíos pendientes en relación con el acceso, permanencia, calidad y equidad de la educación en la región de América Latina. En la segunda parte se abordan los grandes temas de la agenda de la Inclusión en América Latina y el Caribe.

  19. Survey for bats in Jackson County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers a targeted bat survey of Jackson County in north-central Colorado to better understand the abundance and distribution of bats in Colorado. The...

  20. Literatura del caribe. De Martinica a Colombia cruce de caminos en el mar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Bouletreau

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En el ambiente de internacionalización quo se vive hoy en día, las letras no pueden quedarse atrás. La Literatura Comparada llega a punto para participar de este movimiento y, tratándose de literatura del Caribe, el material es amplio: diversos mundos se abren ante nuestros ojos, cada uno con sus características: Inglaterra, Holanda, Francia y España dejaron sus huellas, África trajo su parte de magia, los rasgos autóctonos perduran. En esta Óptica, al poner de evidencia similitudes de idiosincrasia, contribuimos a reforzar unas relaciones interculturales: en este caso, nuestra región colombiana con una isla antillana francófona.

  1. Democratización y desigualdades en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Laurence WHITEHEAD

    2005-01-01

    El tema central de este artículo es una paradoja. La paradoja de que América Latina y el Caribe son, tal vez, unas de las zonas del mundo de mayor progreso en el campo de la democratización, entendido éste de manera clásica y formal. Si la comparamos con África, con Asia, con los países ex-soviéticos, o con Oriente Medio, podemos comprobar que su desarrollo democrático ha sido estelar en los últimos 20 años. Sin embargo, en el terreno de la lucha contra la pobreza y las d...

  2. Pollution plumes observed during CARIBIC flights in the upper troposphere between South China and the Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. C. Lai

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A strong pollution episode in the upper troposphere between South China and the Philippines was observed during CARIBIC flights in April 2007. Five pollution plumes were intersected and enhancements in aerosol and trace gas concentrations including CO, CO2, CH4, non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs and halocarbons were observed along the flight tracks during four sequential flights. The importance of the contribution of biomass burning was investigated using chemical tracers, emission factor analysis, back-trajectory analysis and satellite images. The Indochinese peninsula was identified as the probable source region of biomass/biofuel burning. However, enhancements in the urban/industrial tracer C2Cl4 in the plumes also indicate a substantial contribution from anthropogenic emissions. An estimation of the anthropogenic component of CO shows that biomass/biofuel burning contributed 44–63% to the intersected plumes.

  3. Fortaleciendo las capacidades presupuestarias de los Parlamentos en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Santiso; Marco Varea

    2013-01-01

    En la última década, los Parlamentos han mostrado cada vez más interés y han tenido más protagonismo en el proceso presupuestario al demandar mayor información sobre el desempeño del gobierno en su gestión de los recursos públicos. Sin embargo, en América Latina y el Caribe los Parlamentos evidencian desafíos para intervenir en el proceso presupuestario y las políticas fiscales. Su capacidad de incidencia en materia presupuestaria -y más generalmente en la política fiscal y la gestión financi...

  4. Una mirada femenina al Caribe del siglo XIX. Epistolario de Elizabeth Gross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Cardozo Galué

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el libro de Elizabeth Gross publicado en 1921 y que describe pormenores de su estancia en Maracaibo y sus alrededores entre 1883 y 1896. A través de los relatos de la alemana el autor se acerca a la vida cotidiana y las representaciones sociales en una ciudad puerto del Caribe. Se hace especial énfasis en la adaptación a las novedades del clima, alimentación, enfermedades, relaciones con la población autóctona y proceso de criollización. Así mismo se resalta la contribución de los alemanes en la consolidación de la base originaria de la actual sociedad criolla en el occidente de Venezuela.

  5. Turismo, globalización y medio ambiente en el Caribe mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Córdoba y Ordóñez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Globalización y turismo adquieren la connotación de sinónimos en el Caribe mexicano, que en los últimos 30 años ha pasado de ser un territorio de frontera, prácticamente despoblado, a recibir más de seis millones de visitantes anuales. A partir de los patrones de ocupación territorial generados por la actividad turística -identificados en trabajo de campo mediante un análisis fisionómico- se analizan algunas implicaciones de la compleja relación que guarda el turismo con el desarrollo, en términos humanos y no sólo económicos, y con el medio natural y cultural caracterizado en la región por una gran diversidad y, al mismo tiempo, por una gran fragilidad.

  6. Flux Calculation Using CARIBIC DOAS Aircraft Measurements: SO2 Emission of Norilsk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, D.; Heue, K.-P.; Rauthe-Schoech, A.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Lamsal, L. N.; Krotkov, N. A.; Platt, U.

    2012-01-01

    Based on a case-study of the nickel smelter in Norilsk (Siberia), the retrieval of trace gas fluxes using airborne remote sensing is discussed. A DOAS system onboard an Airbus 340 detected large amounts of SO2 and NO2 near Norilsk during a regular passenger flight within the CARIBIC project. The remote sensing data were combined with ECMWF wind data to estimate the SO2 output of the Norilsk industrial complex to be around 1 Mt per year, which is in agreement with independent estimates. This value is compared to results using data from satellite remote sensing (GOME, OMI). The validity of the assumptions underlying our estimate is discussed, including the adaptation of this method to other gases and sources like the NO2 emissions of large industries or cities.

  7. Nasal deformities. Clinical assessment and Management in Hospital Universitario del Caribe. Cartagena. Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcalá-Cerra Liliana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Septorhinoplasty is an operative procedure indicated for surgicalmanagement of nasal deformities, and one of the most frequently performed surgicalprocedures in otolaryngology.Objective: To identify clinical features and management of non traumaticand posttraumatic nasal deformities.Methodology: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study of all surgical casesto address non traumatic and post-traumatic nasal deformity at Hospital Universitariodel Caribe, Cartagena, Colombia is presented. Socio-demographic, assessment,management and evolution data were obtained and analyzed.Results: Eighteen patients were treated surgically for posttraumatic nasal deformitiesand 13 with non-traumatic deformities. The difference in time to progression waslower in patients with traumatic deformities. The main complaint was nasal obstructionand most common deformity were laterorrinia in both groups. Patients without nasaltrauma had more caudal deviations (p = 0.047 and saddle nose. Most procedureswere septorhinoplasties with turbinoplasty with closed approaches. There were fewcomplications, with results comparable to those reported in previous series.Conclusions: There was no difference between clinical features and management ofnasal deformities, other than progression time was shorter in the traumatic ones. Atthe Hospital Universitario del Caribe the most often surgical approach was closed.RESUMEN:Introducción: la septorrinoplastia es el procedimiento operatorio indicado para elmanejo quirúrgico de las deformidades nasales, y una de las intervenciones quirúrgicasmás frecuentemente realizadas en otorrinolaringología.Objetivo: identificar las características clínicas y de manejo de las deformidadesnasales postraumáticas y no traumáticas.Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, de todos los casostratados quirúrgicamente para solucionar deformidad nasal postraumática y notraumática en el Hospital Universitario

  8. Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons in Asian summer monsoon outflow observed by the CARIBIC aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Baker

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Between April and December 2008 the CARIBIC commercial aircraft conducted monthly measurement flights between Frankfurt, Germany and Chennai, India. These flights covered the period of the Asian summer monsoon (June–September, during which enhancements in a number of atmospheric species were observed in monsoon outflow. In addition to in situ measurements of trace gases and aerosols, whole air samples were collected during the flights, and these were subsequently analyzed for a suite of trace gases that included the non-methane hydrocarbons. Non-methane hydrocarbons are relatively short-lived compounds and the large enhancements in their mixing ratios in the upper troposphere over Southwest Asia between June and September, sometimes more than double their spring and fall means, provides qualitative evidence for the influence of convectively uplifted boundary layer air. The particularly large enhancements of the combustion tracers benzene and ethyne, along with the similarity of their ratios to carbon monoxide and emission ratios from the burning of household biofuels, indicate a strong influence of biofuel burning to NMHC emissions in this region. Conversely, the ratios of ethane and propane to carbon monoxide, along with the ratio between i-butane and n-butane, indicate a significant source of these compounds from the use of LPG and natural gas, and comparison to previous campaigns suggests that this source could be increasing. Photochemical aging patterns of NMHCs showed that the CARIBIC samples were collected in two distinctly different regions of the monsoon circulation: a southern region where air masses had been recently influenced by low level contact and a northern region, where air parcels had spent substantial time in transit in the upper troposphere before being probed. Estimates of age using ratios of individual NMHCs have ranges of 3–6 d in the south and 9–12 d in the north.

  9. Adaptación del arroz riego (Oryza sativa L. en el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aramendiz Tatis Hermes

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    En Colombia, el  arroz ocupa el primer lugar en seguridad alimentaria, valor económico y generación de empleo entre los cultivos anuales, siendo el sistema bajo riego mãs importante. El objetivo fue determinar el progreso, estabilidad y adaptabilidad del rendimiento de arroz bajo riego, en cinco departamentos del caribe colombiano. Se utilizaron datos del Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, correspondiente a los Departamentos de Córdoba, Bolívar, Magdalena,  Cesar y Guajira,  durante el periodo 1987-2008.  La estimación  del progreso del rendimiento se realizó a través del análisis de regresión lineal entre los años (variable explicativa y el rendimiento de grano (variable explicada. La estabilidad se determinó a través del coeficiente de variación para tres periodos consecutivos de cinco años y el último de siete. La adaptabilidad, se realizó con el coeficiente de regresión lineal (bi. Los resultados destacan que  el  progreso  en  el  rendimiento  de  grano  en  el  Caribe  colombiano,  osciló  entre  1.15%  y

    3.36% por año y 52.2 y 168.1 kg.ha-1, especialmente en el Departamento de Bolivar (3.36% por año y 168.1 kg.ha-1. La estabilidad, resultó en general alta (CV<15.56% y se incrementó con los años. Los cinco departamentos, presentaron adaptabilidad general (bi>4.57 para el rendimiento de grano.

  10. Adaptación del arroz riego (Oryza sativa L. en el Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermes Aramendiz Tatis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, el arroz ocupa el primer lugar en seguridad alimentaria, valor económico y generación de empleo entre los cultivos anuales, siendo el sistema bajo riego más importante. El objetivo fue determinar el progreso, estabilidad y adaptabilidad del rendimiento de arroz bajo riego, en cinco departamentos del caribe colombiano. Se utilizaron datos del Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, correspondiente a los Departamentos de Córdoba, Bolívar, Magdalena, Cesar y Guajira, durante el periodo 1987-2008. La estimación del progreso del rendimiento se realizó a través del análisis de regresión lineal entre los años (variable explicativa y el rendimiento de grano (variable explicada. La estabilidad se determinó a través del coeficiente de variación para tres períodos consecutivos de cinco años y el último de siete. La adaptabilidad, se realizó con el coeficiente de regresión lineal (bi. Los resultados destacan que el progreso en el rendimiento de grano en el Caribe colombiano, osciló entre 1.15% y 3.36% por año y 52.2 y 168.1 kg.ha-1, especialmente en el Departamento de Bolívar (3.36% por año y 168.1 kg.ha-1. La estabilidad, resultó en general alta (CV4.57 para el rendimiento de grano.

  11. Airborne multi-axis DOAS measurements of atmospheric trace gases on CARIBIC long-distance flights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Dix

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available A DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy instrument was implemented and operated onboard a long-distance passenger aircraft within the framework of the CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container. The instrument was designed to keep weight, size and power consumption low and to comply with civil aviation regulations. It records spectra of scattered light from three viewing directions (nadir, 10° above and below horizon using a miniaturized telescope system. The telescopes are integrated in the main pylon of the inlet system which is mounted at the belly of the aircraft. Fibre bundles transmit light from the telescopes to spectrograph-detector units inside the DOAS container instrument. The latter is part of the removable CARIBIC instrument container, which is installed monthly on the aircraft for a series of measurement flights.

    During 30 flight operations within three years, measurements of HCHO, HONO, NO2, BrO, O3 and the oxygen dimer O4 were conducted. All of these trace gases except BrO could be analysed with a 30 s time resolution. HONO was detected for the first time in a deep convective cloud over central Asia, while BrO, NO2 and O3 could be observed in tropopause fold regions. Biomass burning signatures over South America could be seen and measurements during ascent and descent provided information on boundary layer trace gas profiles (e.g. NO2 or HCHO.

  12. Airborne multi-axis DOAS measurements of atmospheric trace gases on CARIBIC long-distance flights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Dix

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy instrument was implemented and operated onboard a long-distance passenger aircraft within the framework of the CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container. The instrument was designed to keep weight, size and power consumption low and to comply with civil aviation regulations. It records spectra of scattered light from three viewing directions (nadir, 10° above and below horizon using a miniaturized telescope system. The telescopes are integrated in the main pylon of the inlet system which is mounted at the belly of the aircraft. Fibre bundles transmit light from the telescopes to spectrograph-detector units inside the DOAS container instrument. The latter is part of the removable CARIBIC instrument container, which is installed monthly on the aircraft for a series of measurement flights.

    During 30 flight operations within three years, measurements of HCHO, HONO, NO2, BrO, O3 and the oxygen dimer O4 were conducted. All of these trace gases except BrO could be analysed with a 30 s time resolution. HONO was detected for the first time in a deep convective cloud over central Asia. BrO, NO2 and O3 could be observed in tropopause fold regions, biomass burning signatures over South America could be seen and measurements during ascent and descent provided information on boundary layer trace gas profiles (e.g. NO2 or HCHO.

  13. ¿En busca de una Pax Americana? La Cuenca del Caribe como el Mare Nostrum estadounidense.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coronado Holman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La periodización de la política exterior norteamericana frente a los Estados que componen la Cuenca del Caribe, permite formar una imagen de las conductas e identidades que se han tenido y aún se tienen con respecto a la inserción, participación e inclusión de Estados Unidos en el policy-making interno de la Cuenca del Caribe. Esta forma de hacer política de Estados Unidos ha sido cambiante y altamente influenciada por la idea de la estabilidad y control hemisférico que siempre ha pretendido, la cual puede llegar a ser comparada con el período de expansión del Imperio romano, cuyo punto de partida para el devenir de un gran Imperio fue el mar.

  14. Civil Aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: The new CARIBIC system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available An airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, caribic-atmospheric.com">http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com. Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star Alliance in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O3, total and gaseous H2O, NO and NOy, CO, CO2, O2, Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18 nm diameter. Furthermore, an optical particle counter (OPC and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS are incorporated. Aerosol samples are collected for analysis of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases (including isotopic composition of CO2 in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmospheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO2. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. The flying observatory, its equipment and examples of measurement results are reported.

  15. DOAS spectroscopy onboard the CARIBIC passenger aircraft – trace gas concentration, and flux measurement of localized sources

    OpenAIRE

    Walter, David Josef

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with the remote sensing and the flux calculation of atmospheric trace gases, using Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS). Since 2010, within the CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container), a new DOAS instrument is installed in the cargo compartment of a passenger aircraft once per month as part of a fully automated measurement container. With this instrument, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfphur...

  16. Seguridad Vial - BID: Una estrategia para la región de América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Néstor Roa

    2012-01-01

    Presentación del Jefe de la División de Transporte del Banco, Nestor Roa, durante el principal evento regional de Seguridad Vial de América Latina y el Caribe, CISEV III que se realizó en Bogotá DC entre el 12 y el 14 de junio de 2012. El documento muestra el trabajo de la estrategia de Seguridad Vial del BID.

  17. Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A large airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, caribic-atmospheric.com">http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com. Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star Alliance in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O3, total and gaseous H2O, NO and NOy, CO, CO2, O2, Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18 nm diameter. Furthermore, an optical particle counter and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS are installed. Aerosol samples are collected for analyses of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmospheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO2. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. Here we describe the flying observatory and report examples of measurement results.

  18. Amenazas naturales asociadas al ascenso del nivel del mar en Caribe Colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robertson Kim Gregory

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de recientes investigaciones sobre el impacto del ascenso del nivel del mar en la Costa Caribe colombiana, bases para el primer informe de Colombia a la Convención Internacional de Cambio Climático, adelantado en convenio con elIDE..-.1f. Con base en el estudio de las geoformas litorales, los procesos dinámicos asociadosy su evolución reciente, se evaluó la amenaza por inundación y erosión asociada al actual ascenso del nivel del mar, proyectado por IP(C (panel Intergubemamcntal de Expertos de Cambio Climático en un metro pata el año 2100. A partir de la interpretación de imágenes de satélite y fotografias aéreas, apoyada en información secundaria y verificación de campo, se identificaron 15 unidades geomorfológicas básicas de origen estructural, fluvial y marino. Con base las características geomorfológicas y criterios de resiliencia frente a la acción del oleaje y la inundación litoral, se generó un modelo morfodinámico que pronostica el impacto del ascenso del nivel marino para el litoral Caribe colombiano. De acuerdo con este análisis, se estima que las unidades geomorfológicas recientes desarrolladas durante los últimos 2.500 años podrían ser reactivadas por el actual ascenso del nivel del mar, afectando numerosos centros urbanos tales como Cartagena, Santa Marta, Puerto Colombia y Turbo y actividades económicas de-importancia como el comercio portuario y el turismo. Para los 1.819 Km. de línea de costa del Caribe Colombiano, se estima que el 33.7% presenta alta susceptibilidad a la erosión marina, representado por geoformas que presentan grari fragilidad ante los procesos erosivos. En la linea de costa restante, 31,2% presenta susceptibilidad mec!ia y 35.1% susceptibilidad baja y muy baja, en una linea de costa caracterizada por geoformas con fragilidad y mecanismos de resiliencia variables. Por inundación, se pronostica que 1192 Km2 de costa baja serán anegados, 2331 Km2 sufrir

  19. 78 FR 29321 - Colorado Recreation Resource Advisory Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... Forest Service Colorado Recreation Resource Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Rocky Mountain Region, Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Colorado Recreation Resource Advisory... National Forest. Proposals, updates, and other information can be found on the Colorado Recreation...

  20. 2011 Kids Count in Colorado! The Impact of the Great Recession on Colorado's Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado Children's Campaign, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Kids Count in Colorado!" is an annual publication of the Colorado Children's Campaign, which provides the best available state- and county-level data to measure and track the education, health and general well-being of the state's children. "Kids Count in Colorado!" informs policy debates and community discussions, serving as a valuable resource…

  1. 78 FR 9629 - Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Reestablishment of Membership on the Colorado Potato...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 948 Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Reestablishment of Membership on the Colorado Potato Administrative Committee, Area No. 2 AGENCY: Agricultural... membership on the Colorado Potato Administrative Committee, Area No. 2 (Committee). The Committee...

  2. Islas de ida y vuelta. Canarias y El Caribe en contexto colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available On the presupposition that the conquest of the Canary Islands set the colonial stage for the later Spanish enterprises in the Americas, the author discusses a number of elements of identity shared by the islands of both the eastern Atlantic and the Caribbean. Sugar, the slave trade and the raising of bananas, cochineal and tobacco are the instances chosen for this comparative analysis. In addition, the author makes a reference to the legends of the apparition of the Virgin of Charity at El Cobre, in Cuba, and of Candlemas in Tenerife.

    Partiendo de la idea de que la conquista de las Islas Canarias fue el primer ensayo colonial de lo que luego desarrollarían los españoles en América, se examinan algunos elementos de identidad entre el mundo isleño atlántico y caribeño, producidos precisamente por esa situación inicial de dominio colonial. El azúcar, la trata de esclavos, los cultivos de plátano, grana y tabaco son los ejemplos escogidos para este análisis comparado. Finalmente se hace una referencia comparativa de las leyendas de la aparición de la Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre en Cuba y de la Virgen de Candelaria en Tenerife

  3. Comportamiento del mercado turístico extranjero en el Caribe Mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Francisco J. Güemes-Ricalde

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El Caribe mexicano atrae visitantes de regiones distintas en diferentes épocas del año. A los prestadores de servicios turísticos les resulta difícil conocer y separar las preferencias de actividades que realizan los visitantes de cada país. Arriban visitantes mexicanos y extranjeros, las preferencias de estos últimos en relación a la demanda de servicios son diferentes. Contrario a lo que se conocía, el estudio de mercado determinó que la demanda mexicana representa un mercado importante en marcadas épocas del año. Se calcula que cada año alrededor de dos millones de turistas nacionales arriban a la Riviera y Costa Maya en la región norte de Quintana Roo. Conocer las preferencias de consumo de los diferentes segmentos de turistas y la forma en que evalúan la posibilidad de demandar los servicios turísticos da la pauta para ofrecérselos en forma diferenciada y adecuada a cada segmento y en relación a cada una de las diversas actividades turísticas que realizan, entre ellas el ecoturismo de la cual poco se conoce en esta región del país.

  4. Intereses y rivalidades regionales en la Venezuela Caribeña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlene Urdaneta Quintero

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante su primer gobierno (1870–1877, el Presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco desarrolló un programa que aspiraba a centralizar política y económicamente a Venezuela. Una de las disposiciones aprobadas fue el cierre de los puertos de Maracaibo y La Vela, para las operaciones de importación y exportación realizadas desde los Andes venezolanos y colombianos, a través del Caribe. Estas funciones fueron transferidas al distante Puerto Cabello. Gran parte del occidente del país fue afectado por esta medida que no consideraba la larga tradición histórica de centros económicos que por centurias habían liderado las actividades agroexportadoras de sus respectivos ámbitos comerciales. La medida no sólo perjudicó los intereses de la región histórica del Lago y de Coro, favoreció a grupos económicos rivales establecidos en la región norcentral, asociados con el presidente de la república. En el caso particular del Zulia, el cierre del puerto de Maracaibo afectó a financistas, pequeños y grandes comerciantes, transportistas, navegantes, marineros, productores y diferentes colectivos del estado; otros sectores perjudicados fueron los comerciantes vinculados con esta actividad en Colombia y Curazao

  5. 77 FR 32980 - Notice of Correction to Filing of Plats, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... Management (BLM) published a Notice of Filing of Plats by the Colorado State Office, Lakewood, Colorado . The... Surveyor for Colorado, BLM, Colorado State Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado...

  6. El Canon oculto. La literatura de América Latina y el Caribe en la transposición al ecosistema digital

    OpenAIRE

    Vila, Adrián Rubén

    2015-01-01

    [ES] Esta Tesis tiene como objeto de estudio la acción de la industria editorial en digital en el marco de la transposición a formato digital de los títulos de los autores que componen un corpus de literatura latinoamericana y caribeña (CLLyC) diseñado para esta investigación. Este CLLyC comprende tanto al segmento latinoamericano y caribeño de El canon occidental de Harold Bloom como aquellos autores y obras que son aportados por otras corrientes y teorías distantes/en tensión con el mainstr...

  7. La práctica de la medicina tradicional en América Latina y el Caribe: el dilema entre regulación y tolerancia

    OpenAIRE

    Nigenda Gustavo; Mora-Flores Gerardo; Aldama-López Salvador; Orozco-Núñez Emanuel

    2001-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el estado actual de la regulación de la medicina tradicional en nueve países de América Latina y el Caribe. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se construyó una base de datos sobre componentes de los sistemas de salud tradicionales en nueve países de América Latina y el Caribe, mediante la creación de una red de individuos e instituciones de distintos países que estuvieran interesados en participar como informantes especializados con diferentes perfiles. La información para este estudi...

  8. Redes de distribución de caribú en Sheshatshiu, Labrador: una estrategia de modelización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Castro

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available La localidad de Sheshatshiu, en la península de Québec/Labrador, es uno de los asentamientos del pueblo Innu impulsados por el gobierno canadiense en los 1950s y 1960s. A pesar de la crisis alimentaria que la sedentarización forzada produjo, el caribú sigue constituyendo una parte importante de la dieta y la cultura Innu. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar una estrategia de modelización de la distribución de caribú en Sheshatshiu. La metodología seleccionada incluye tres pasos. El primer paso de modelización es el diseño de una base de datos con la información de distribución obtenida a partir de una encuesta en la que se relevaron 30 casas aleatoriamente y un subsiguiente muestreo "bola de nieve". Luego, se usa el programa UCINET para determinar clusterización, conectividad y centralidad. El tercer y último paso es determinar el alcance la distribución de caribú a partir del análisis de los procedimientos previos.The town of Sheshatshiu, located in the Quebec-Labrador peninsula, is one of the settlements created by the Canadian government in the 1950s and 1960s. In spite of the nutritional crisis that the forced sedentarization produced, caribou is still an important part of the Innu diet and culture. The goal of this paper is to show a modeling strategy of the caribou distribution in Sheshatshiu. The selected methodology includes three steps. The first modeling step is the design of a database to store the distribution information obtained from a random survey of 30 households and a subsequent snowball survey. The second step is to determine the clusterization, connectivity and centrality measures, using UCINET software. The third and last step is establishing the scope of caribou distribution using the previous procedures.

  9. Geochemical record of subduction initiation in the sub-arc mantle: Insights from the Loma Caribe peridotite (Dominican Republic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchesi, Claudio; Garrido, Carlos J.; Proenza, Joaquín A.; Hidas, Károly; Varas-Reus, María Isabel; Butjosa, Lidia; Lewis, John F.

    2016-05-01

    The Loma Caribe peridotite body is mainly composed of serpentinized spinel harzburgites and lherzolites and minor orthopyroxene-bearing dunites and dunites. Modal proportions, mineral and whole-rock major and trace element compositions generally coincide with those of abyssal mantle rocks from mid-ocean ridges for the lherzolites, and refractory supra-subduction peridotites for the harzburgites and dunites. The clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgites have intermediate compositions that overlap with those of residual mantle from both these settings. Major elements in the peridotites were mostly undisturbed by serpentinization and/or seafloor weathering whereas light rare earth elements (LREE) and large ion lithophile elements (LILE) were enriched by syn- and/or post-melting interaction with fluids/melts. Major element variations indicate that protoliths of the Loma Caribe peridotites mostly melted at 1-2 GPa and 1250 °C-1500 °C, as normal mid-ocean ridge and supra-subduction zone mantle. The MREE/HREE fractionations in both whole rocks and clinopyroxene can be explained by initial low (5%-6%) fractional melting of a garnet lherzolite source followed by variable (5%-20%) melting in the spinel stability field. The lherzolites and clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgites are residues of increasing melting triggered by increasing addition of slab fluids to a spinel peridotite source, while melting of the harzburgite protoliths was likely the result of focused flux of slab hydrous melts. The dunites and orthopyroxene-bearing dunites are products of pyroxene dissolution in residual peridotites caused by reaction with two different subduction-related melts, probably the parental magmas of Early Cretaceous low-Ti island arc tholeiites (IAT) and boninites from Central Hispaniola, respectively. We conclude that the geochemical heterogeneity of the Loma Caribe peridotites records shifting conditions of melting during the development of subduction beneath the incipient Greater Antilles

  10. Geochemical record of subduction initiation in the sub-arc mantle: insights from Loma Caribe peridotite (Dominican Republic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchesi, Claudio; Garrido, Carlos J.; Proenza, Joaquín A.; Hidas, Károly; Varas-Reus, María Isabel; Butjosa, Lidia; Lewis, John F.

    2016-04-01

    The Loma Caribe peridotite body is mainly composed of serpentinized spinel harzburgite and lherzolite and minor (Opx-bearing) dunite. Modal proportions, mineral and whole-rock major and trace element compositions generally coincide with those of abyssal mantle rocks from mid-ocean ridges for lherzolite and refractory supra-subduction peridotites for harzburgite and (Opx-) dunite. Cpx-bearing harzburgite has intermediate compositions that overlap those of residual mantle from both these settings. Major elements in peridotite were mostly undisturbed by serpentinization and/or seafloor weathering whereas LREE and LILE were enriched by syn- and/or post-melting interaction with fluids/melts. Major element variations support that protoliths of Loma Caribe peridotite mostly melted at 1-2 GPa and 1300-1500 °C, as normal mid-ocean ridge and supra-subduction zone mantle. MREE/HREE fractionations in whole-rocks and clinopyroxene can be explained by initial low (5-6%) fractional melting of a garnet lherzolite source followed by variable (5-20%) melting in the spinel stability field. Lherzolite and Cpx-harzburgite are residues of increasing melting triggered by increasing addition of fluids to a spinel peridotite source, while melting of the harzburgite protolith was likely promoted by focused flux of hydrous melts. Dunite and Opx-bearing dunite are products of pyroxene dissolution in residual peridotite caused by reaction with two different subduction-related melts, likely the parental magmas of Early Cretaceous low-Ti IAT and boninite from Central Hispaniola, respectively. We propose that the geochemical heterogeneity of Loma Caribe peridotite records shifting conditions of melting during the development of subduction beneath the incipient Greater Antilles paleo-island arc in the Early Cretaceous. The common presence in the Caribbean realm of oceanic mantle rocks related to subduction indicates that most peri-Caribbean ophiolitic bodies are not fragments of an oceanic

  11. Tiburones y rayas (subclase elasmobranchi) descartado por la flota de arrastre camaronero en el caribe de colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Acevedo, K.; Bohórquez-Herrera, J.; Moreno, F.; Moreno, C; Molina, E.; Grijalba-Bendeck, M.; Gómez-Canchong, P.

    2011-01-01

    Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo,...

  12. Nutrición en el Caribe colombiano y su relación con el capital humano

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz

    2007-01-01

    Este documento analiza la situación nutricional del Caribe colombiano, y la compara con las otras regiones colombianas y la media nacional. Así mismo, estudia las interrelaciones de la desnutrición con variables como la educación, la productividad laboral y la pobreza. El análisis de los diferentes indicadores sobre la desnutrición en Colombia muestra que el problema ha disminuido en las últimas décadas, pero sigue siendo insuficiente. La información para el año 2005 muestra que la desnutrici...

  13. Turismo y desarrollo económico en el Caribe: el auge de las “industrias del pecado”

    OpenAIRE

    Pantojas García, Emilio

    2012-01-01

    En las últimas tres décadas las pequeñas economías del Caribe han sido transformadas de exportadoras de productos primarios, a plataformas de exportación para manufacturas livianas (maquiladoras), a plataformas de servicios internacionales. Durante la primera década del siglo veintiuno los ejes dinámicos de la economía son el turismo y los centros financieros internacionales (offshore). Ligado a estos sectores han surgido un conjunto de actividades denominadas como “industrias del pecado”. Es...

  14. Turismo, arquitectura e identidad urbana: El caso de tres ciudades recientes en la costa del Caribe, México

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroz Rothe, Héctor

    2006-01-01

    A lo largo de los últimos treinta años, la costa del Caribe se ha convertido en una de las regiones turísticas más importantes de México. Entre los efectos sociales y económicos derivados de esta actividad destaca la formación de nuevos centros de población. Es el caso de Cancún y Playa del Carmen; ciudades, cuya traza e imagen urbana son el resultado de procesos de urbanización reciente. Son ciudades de corta memoria histórica, en las cuales predomina la arquitectura moderna internacional, c...

  15. Cobertura de la ciencia de Am??rica Latina y el Caribe en Scopus vs Web of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Santa, Samaly; Herrero-Solana, V??ctor

    2010-01-01

    El prop??sito del presente trabajo es analizar y comparar el grado de cobertura de las revistas, la producci??n cient??fica y la visibilidad que tienen los mayores productores de Am??rica Latina y el Caribe (LAC) en las bases de datos del Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) y Scopus. Los resultados demuestran una amplia cobertura de las revistas nacionales indizadas en SCimago Journal and Country Rank frente a las que incluye journal Citation Report (JCR). Sin embargo, muchas de estas ...

  16. Trapping, chemistry, and export of trace gases in the South Asian summer monsoon observed during CARIBIC flights in 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauthe-Schöch, Armin; Baker, Angela K.; Schuck, Tanja J.; Brenninkmeijer, Carl A. M.; Zahn, Andreas; Hermann, Markus; Stratmann, Greta; Ziereis, Helmut; van Velthoven, Peter F. J.; Lelieveld, Jos

    2016-03-01

    The CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) passenger aircraft observatory performed in situ measurements at 10-12 km altitude in the South Asian summer monsoon anticyclone between June and September 2008. These measurements enable us to investigate this atmospheric region (which so far has mostly been observed from satellites) using the broad suite of trace gases and aerosol particles measured by CARIBIC. Elevated levels of a variety of atmospheric pollutants (e.g. carbon monoxide, total reactive nitrogen oxides, aerosol particles, and several volatile organic compounds) were recorded. The measurements provide detailed information about the chemical composition of air in different parts of the monsoon anticyclone, particularly of ozone precursors. While covering a range of 3500 km inside the monsoon anticyclone, CARIBIC observations show remarkable consistency, i.e. with distinct latitudinal patterns of trace gases during the entire monsoon period. Using the CARIBIC trace gas and aerosol particle measurements in combination with the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART, we investigated the characteristics of monsoon outflow and the chemical evolution of air masses during transport. The trajectory calculations indicate that these air masses originated mainly from South Asia and mainland Southeast Asia. Estimated photochemical ages of the air were found to agree well with transport times from a source region east of 90-95° E. The photochemical ages of the air in the southern part of the monsoon anticyclone were systematically younger (less than 7 days) and the air masses were mostly in an ozone-forming chemical mode. In its northern part the air masses were older (up to 13 days) and had unclear ozone formation or destruction potential. Based on analysis of forward trajectories, several receptor regions were identified. In addition to predominantly westward transport, we found evidence for

  17. REGÍMENES DE BIENESTAR EN AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE: NOTAS PARA PENSAR LO CONTEMPORÁNEO

    OpenAIRE

    Melisa Campana Alabarce

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo ofrece una caracterización de los regímenes de bienestar latinoamericanos y caribeños en clave historiográfica. Realiza, en primer lugar, un repaso por las condiciones de emergencia de los Estados de Bienestar de Europa occidental y sus características centrales, haciendo especial hincapié en su función como modalidad de gestión regulada de las desigualdades en tanto estrategia de compromiso social del capitalismo industrial. Dialogando con ello, se detiene luego en las e...

  18. III Congreso Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Ciencias Sociales, organizado por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Baby-Collin, Virginie; Cortes, Geneviève

    2016-01-01

    El tercer Congreso Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Ciencias Sociales, organizado por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, tuvo lugar los días 26-27 y 28 de agosto de 2015 en la ciudad de Quito. La FLACSO es un organismo internacional creado en 1957, por iniciativa de la Unesco y algunos gobiernos de América Latina. El sistema cuenta con sedes, programas y proyectos académicos de posgrado en ciencias humanas y sociales, en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salv...

  19. Validación de la escala latinoamericana y caribeña de seguridad alimentaria en gestantes adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo Realizar validación estadística de  la Escala Latinoamericana y Caribeña de Seguridad Alimentaria (ELCSA), que había sido adaptada lingüísticamente para Colombia en el año 2008 por la Escuela de Nutrición de la Universidad de Antioquia. Métodos Estudio descriptivo. Con un 95 % de nivel de confianza, se aplicó la escala ELCSA a una muestra representativa de 150 hogares de gestantes adolescentes, procedentes de población pobre y vulnerable, consultantes de la ESE Salud Pereira, entre a...

  20. Capacidad solubilizadora de fosfatos de microorganismos rizosféricos asociados a dos manglares del Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Galindo Castañeda Tania; Polanía Jaime; Sánchez Nieves Jimena

    2006-01-01

    Se caracterizaron 28 aislamientos de microorganismos solubilizadores de fosfatos (MSF) encontrados en
    rizósferas de Avicennia germinans y Rhizophora mangle en dos manglares del Caribe colombiano, uno ubicado en la
    isla de San Andrés y otro en cercanías al municipio de Barú. De estos aislamientos se eligieron 17, con el fin
    medir su eficiencia fosfatosolubilizadora in vitro. Los aislamientos más eficientes fueron HSF9 (283,1 mg*L-1)
    correspondiente a...

  1. Macroalgas marinas afectadas por flotas de arrastre de camarón en el Mar Caribe de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte Luis O.; Gómez-Canchong Paúl; Flórez-Leiva Lennin; Manjarrés Luis María; Díaz-Pulido1 Guillermo

    2005-01-01

    La captura acompañante, es decir, individuos que sin ser objetivo de las pesquerías son capturados por las artes de pesca, se ha convertido en un tema de preocupación mundial debido al impacto que su extracción significa para los ecosistemas. En el mar Caribe de Colombia opera una flota de pesca de arrastre dirigida al camarón que registra elevados niveles de captura acompañante. Las evaluaciones de las capturas de esta flota se han concentrado en las especies de peces principalmente y de inv...

  2. Selección de bacterias con capacidad degradadora de hidrocarburos aisladas a partir de sedimentos del Caribe colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    Narváez-Florez, S.; Gómez, M. L.; Martínez, M.M.

    2008-01-01

    A partir de sedimentos del Caribe colombiano se realizaron 31 aislamientos bacterianos en medio mínimo de sales suplementado con hidrocarburos (ACPM o petróleo crudo) como única fuente de carbono. Las cepas aisladas se sometieron a pruebas de selección en diferentes concentraciones de hidrocarburos y se escogieron once de ellas tolerantes al crudo y ACPM en un ámbito del 1-8% v/v. Posteriormente, con las cepas seleccionadas, se conformó un cultivo bacteriano mixto y se evaluó su capacidad de ...

  3. Diagnóstico de seguridad vial en América Latina y El Caribe: 2005 - 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Rosana Brandao; Esteban Diez-Roux; Alejandro Pablo Taddia; Sissi Maribel De la Peña Mendoza; Elena de la Peña

    2013-01-01

    Este documento, que sirve de base a la Estrategia de seguridad vial del BID, es un análisis exhaustivo del estado de la seguridad vial en los países América Latina y el Caribe. El estudio incluye un análisis de los aspectos institucionales, de financiación, planes de seguridad vial, estadísticas de siniestros, infraestructura, parque vehicular, políticas educativas y de formación vial además de aspectos de legislación y normativa que han afectado a la región entre 2005 y 2009 en materia de se...

  4. 2013 Kids Count in Colorado! Community Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado Children's Campaign, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Kids Count in Colorado!" is an annual publication of the Children's Campaign, providing state and county level data on child well-being factors including child health, education, and economic status. Since its first release 20 years ago, "Kids Count in Colorado!" has become the most trusted source for data and information on…

  5. Estado menopáusico y calidad de vida en mujeres del Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arteta-Acosta Cindy

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: evaluar con “Menopause Rating Scale” la frecuencia y severidad de síntomas menopáusicos presentes en mujeressaludables de 40-69 años de edad que son originarias y residen en tres comunidades distintas del Caribe colombiano, agrupadassegún su estado menopáusico.MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio cross-sectional. Con instrumentos aplicados entre noviembre del 2006 y enero del 2009 a mujeressaludables entre 40 y 59 años de edad, tomadas de comunidades afrodescendientes, indígenas e hispánicas de la costa Caribecolombiana. Se aplicó la escala de calidad de vida “Menopause Rating Scale” en su versión en lengua española. Se llenaron 1257formularios. Se agruparon las pacientes por estado menopáusico: premenopausia, perimenopausia, posmenopausia. El análisis fuerealizado con SPSS 15.0. Los datos se expresan en medias con desviación estándar y en porcentajes. Se realizaron análisis noparamétricos para evaluar deferencias debido a la falta de normalidad de los datos. Una P<0,05 fue considerada significativa. Seobtuvo consentimiento informado por parte de las participantes.RESULTADOS: 1215 mujeres caribeñas colombianas se incluyeron en la evaluación, que hacen parte de un grupo mayor queconforman el estudio CAVIMEC (Calidad de vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas. 36.5% indígenas zenúes, 32.4% afrodescendientes y 31.0% mestizas, de las cuales 44% eran premenopáusicas, 47% perimenopáusicas y 54% posmenopáusicas. Elpuntaje total de MRS presentó aumento progresivo entre premenopausia, perimenopausia y posmenopausia (7,5 ±5,2, 11,7 ±4,7 y12,8 ±5,4 respectivamente. De premenopausia a perimenopausia se reveló un deterioro de la calidad de vida por aumento de todoslos items (P<0,05. A través de los estados menopáusicos, la sequedad vaginal, los problemas sexuales y las molestias músculoarticulares, mostraron un aumento progresivo, mientras los síntomas psicológicos, las molestias cardíacas y los

  6. CARIBIC DOAS observations of nitrous acid and formaldehyde in a large convective cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heue, K.-P.; Riede, H.; Walter, D.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Wagner, T.; Frieß, U.; Platt, U.; Zahn, A.; Stratmann, G.; Ziereis, H.

    2014-07-01

    The chemistry in large thunderstorm clouds is influenced by local lightning-NOx production and uplift of boundary layer air. Under these circumstances trace gases like nitrous acid (HONO) or formaldehyde (HCHO) are expected to be formed or to reach the tropopause region. However, up to now only few observations of HONO at this altitude have been reported. Here we report on a case study where enhancements in HONO, HCHO and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were observed by the CARIBIC flying laboratory (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container). The event took place in a convective system over the Caribbean Sea in August 2011. Inside the cloud the light path reaches up to 100 km. Therefore the DOAS instrument on CARIBIC was very sensitive to the tracers inside the cloud. Based on the enhanced slant column densities of HONO, HCHO and NO2, average mixing ratios of 37, 468 and 210 ppt, respectively, were calculated. These data represent averages for constant mixing ratios inside the cloud. However, a large dependency on the assumed profile is found; for HONO a mixing ratio of 160 ppt is retrieved if the total amount is assumed to be situated in the uppermost 2 km of the cloud. The NO in situ instrument measured peaks up to 5 ppb NO inside the cloud; the background in the cloud was about 1.3 ppb, and hence clearly above the average outside the cloud (≈ 150 ppt). The high variability and the fact that the enhancements were observed over a pristine marine area led to the conclusion that, in all likelihood, the high NO concentrations were caused by lighting. This assumption is supported by the number of flashes that the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) counted in this area before and during the overpass. The chemical box model CAABA is used to estimate the NO and HCHO source strengths which are necessary to explain our measurements. For NO a source strength of 10 × 109 molec cm-2 s-1 km-1 is found, which

  7. Modeling the Crust and Upper Mantle in Northern Beata Ridge (CARIBE NORTE Project)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Diana; Córdoba, Diego; Cotilla, Mario Octavio; Pazos, Antonio

    2016-05-01

    The complex tectonic region of NE Caribbean, where Hispaniola and Puerto Rico are located, is bordered by subduction zone with oblique convergence in the north and by incipient subduction zone associated to Muertos Trough in the south. Central Caribbean basin is characterized by the presence of a prominent topographic structure known as Beata Ridge, whose oceanic crustal thickness is unusual. The northern part of Beata Ridge is colliding with the central part of Hispaniola along a transverse NE alignment, which constitutes a morphostructural limit, thus producing the interruption of the Cibao Valley and the divergence of the rivers and basins in opposite directions. The direction of this alignment coincides with the discontinuity that could explain the extreme difference between west and east seismicity of the island. Different studies have provided information about Beata Ridge, mainly about the shallow structure from MCS data. In this work, CARIBE NORTE (2009) wide-angle seismic data are analyzed along a WNW-ESE trending line in the northern flank of Beata Ridge, providing a complete tectonic view about shallow, middle and deep structures. The results show clear tectonic differences between west and east separated by Beata Island. In the Haiti Basin area, sedimentary cover is strongly influenced by the bathymetry and its thickness decreases toward to the island. In this area, the Upper Mantle reaches 20 km deep increasing up to 24 km below the island where the sedimentary cover disappears. To the east, the three seamounts of Beata Ridge provoke the appearance of a structure completely different where sedimentary cover reaches thicknesses of 4 km between seamounts and Moho rises up to 13 km deep. This study has allowed to determine the Moho topography and to characterize seismically the first upper mantle layers along the northern Beata Ridge, which had not been possible with previous MCS data.

  8. NO and NOy in the upper troposphere: Nine years of CARIBIC measurements onboard a passenger aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stratmann, G.; Ziereis, H.; Stock, P.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Zahn, A.; Rauthe-Schöch, A.; Velthoven, P. V.; Schlager, H.; Volz-Thomas, A.

    2016-05-01

    Nitrogen oxide (NO and NOy) measurements were performed onboard an in-service aircraft within the framework of CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container). A total of 330 flights were completed from May 2005 through April 2013 between Frankfurt/Germany and destination airports in Canada, the USA, Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, South Africa, China, South Korea, Japan, India, Thailand, and the Philippines. Different regions show differing NO and NOy mixing ratios. In the mid-latitudes, observed NOy and NO generally shows clear seasonal cycles in the upper troposphere with a maximum in summer and a minimum in winter. Mean NOy mixing ratios vary between 1.36 nmol/mol in summer and 0.27 nmol/mol in winter. Mean NO mixing ratios range between 0.05 nmol/mol and 0.22 nmol/mol. Regions south of 40°N show no consistent seasonal dependence. Based on CO observations, low, median and high CO air masses were defined. According to this classification, more data was obtained in high CO air masses in the regions south of 40°N compared to the midlatitudes. This indicates that boundary layer emissions are more important in these regions. In general, NOy mixing ratios are highest when measured in high CO air masses. This dataset is one of the most comprehensive NO and NOy dataset available today for the upper troposphere and is therefore highly suitable for the validation of atmosphere-chemistry-models.

  9. Colorado's prospectus on uranium milling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of this paper will discuss Colorado's control of uranium mill tailings under Titles I and II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978. Colorado has a legacy of nine inactive mill sites requiring reclamation under Title I, and two presently active plus a number of new mill proposals which must be regulated in accordance with Title II. Past failures in siting and control on the part of federal jurisdictions have left the state with a heavy legacy requiring extensive effort to address impacts to the state's environment and population. The second part of this paper will discuss the remedial action programme authorized under Public Law 92-314 for Mesa Country, where lack of federal control led to the dispersal of several hundred thousand tons of uranium mill tailings on thousands of properties, including hundreds of homes, schools and other structures. Successful completion of the State efforts under both programmes will depend on a high level of funding and on the maintenance of adequate regulatory standards. (author)

  10. Energy Smart Colorado, Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gitchell, John M. [Program Administrator; Palmer, Adam L. [Program Manager

    2014-03-31

    Energy Smart Colorado is an energy efficiency program established in 2011 in the central mountain region of Colorado. The program was funded through a grant of $4.9 million, awarded in August 2010 by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Program. As primary grant recipient, Eagle County coordinated program activities, managed the budget, and reported results. Eagle County staff worked closely with local community education and outreach partner Eagle Valley Alliance for Sustainability (now Walking Mountains Science Center) to engage residents in the program. Sub-recipients Pitkin County and Gunnison County assigned local implementation of the program in their regions to their respective community efficiency organizations, Community Office for Resource Efficiency (CORE) in Pitkin County, and Office for Resource Efficiency (ORE) in Gunnison County. Utility partners contributed $166,600 to support Home Energy Assessments for their customers. Program staff opened Energy Resource Centers, engaged a network of qualified contractors, developed a work-flow, an enrollment website, a loan program, and a data management system to track results.

  11. 7 CFR 948.51 - Colorado Potato Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Colorado Potato Committee. 948.51 Section 948.51... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Order Regulating Handling Committees § 948.51 Colorado Potato Committee. The Colorado Potato...

  12. 7 CFR 948.151 - Colorado Potato Committee membership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Colorado Potato Committee membership. 948.151 Section... POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Rules and Regulations Modification of Inspection Requirements § 948.151 Colorado Potato Committee membership. The Colorado Potato Committee shall be comprised of six members...

  13. Regional Impact on Pollution Event in the Upper Troposphere during CARIBIC Flights between South China and the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, S. C.; Baker, A. R.; Schuck, T. J.; van Velthoven, P.; Oram, D. E.; Zahn, A.; Hermann, M.; Weigelt, A.; Slemr, S.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.

    2010-05-01

    The research project CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrumented Container, phase II) is designed to conduct regular, long-term and detailed observations of the free troposphere and UT/LS regions where passenger aircraft happen to cruise. A fully-automated measurement container (1.5 tons) was equipped onboard an Airbus 340-600 operated by Lufthansa Airlines during regular passenger flights to conduct real time trace gas and aerosol measurements and to collect aerosol and air samples on a near monthly basis. During May 2005 - March 2008, CARIBIC observations have been performed along the flight tracks of Frankfurt-Guangzhou-Manila. Data have been collected in the upper troposphere during a total of 81 flights over the region between South China and the Philippines. Carbon monoxide was used an indicator to identify the pollution events and to access the regional impacts of fossil fuel burning and biomass/biofuel burning on upper tropospheric air. Five regions, i.e. Northeast Asia, South China, Indochina Peninsula, India and Indonesia/Philippines, are identified as the major source regions to be related to the observed pollution events. The characteristics of the events from these regions are investigated. The contributions of different source categories are also estimated.

  14. Interaction between research and diagnosis and surveillance of avian influenza within the Caribbean animal health network (CaribVET).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefrançois, T; Hendrikx, P; Vachiéry, N; Ehrhardt, N; Millien, M; Gomez, L; Gouyet, L; Gerbier, G; Gongora, V; Shaw, J; Trotman, M

    2010-04-01

    The Caribbean region is considered to be at risk for avian influenza (AI) because of predominance of the backyard poultry system, important commercial poultry production, migratory birds and disparities in the surveillance systems. The Caribbean animal health network (CaribVET) has developed tools to implement AI surveillance in the region: (i) a regionally harmonized surveillance protocol, (ii) specific web pages for AI surveillance on http://www.caribvet.net, and (iii) a diagnostic network for the Caribbean including AI virus molecular diagnostic capability in Guadeloupe and technology transfer. Altogether 303 samples from four Caribbean countries were tested between June 2006 and March 2009 by real time PCR either for importation purposes or following clinical suspicion. Following AI H5N2 outbreaks in the Dominican Republic in 2007, a questionnaire was developed to collect data for risk analysis of AI spread in the region through fighting cocks. The infection pathway of Martinique commercial poultry sector by AI through introduction of infected cocks was designed and recommendations were provided to the Caribbean veterinary services to improve fighting cock movement controls and biosecurity measures. Altogether, these CaribVET activities contribute to strengthen surveillance of AI in the Caribbean region and may allow the development of research studies on AI risk analysis. PMID:20537093

  15. Mitos clásicos en el teatro del Caribe. Esbozo y sistematización de un corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Herrera Díaz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available P { margin-bottom: 0.21cm; }A:link { } Resumen: En la última década del siglo XX y a principios del siglo XXI, con la realización de algunos congresos y estudios académicos, se ha comenzado a valorar la presencia de los mitos clásicos en el teatro iberoamericano. Ello ha posibilitado el rescate y análisis de un creciente e importante corpus de obras que continuamente se actualiza con nuevas puestas en escena y enfoques. Una línea de investigación valiosa al respecto ha sido la de intentar sistematizar, desde múltiples métodos y teorías, todo el repertorio encontrado. Los estudios de Costa Palamides y Elina Miranda, por mencionar algunos de los más conocidos, son valiosos aportes a este propósito. En este marco se inserta el presente trabajo que, partiendo de estudios anteriores y del rastreo de nuevas producciones dramáticas, aspira contribuir a la actualización y sistematización del corpus caribeño existente, así como revelar nuevas tendencias. Nos enfocamos especialmente en las obras de las Antillas hispanas, puestas en relación con las producidas en otras áreas del Caribe.

  16. Á contre-courant : les mobilités caribéennes vers l’Éthiopie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Bonacci

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article s’intéresse à la migration des Caribéens vers l’Ethiopie, et notamment celle des Rastafariens qui se définissent comme de « vrais Éthiopiens » et se disent « rapatriés » en Éthiopie. En dépit de leur nombre limité, ils n’en sont pas moins importants car ils illustrent la persistance et les transformations des imaginaires et idéologies liant les Noirs du monde à l’Éthiopie ainsi qu’un pan méconnu des mobilités caribéennes qui, se dirigeant vers l’Afrique, se découvrent complètement à contre-courant.The article deals with Caribbean migration towards Ethiopia, and especially the one of Rastafarians who define themselves as ‘true Ethiopians’ and ‘repatriates’ in Ethiopia. Despite their limited number, their experience is nonetheless important as it reveals the persistence and change in imaginaries and ideologies linking black all over the world to Ethiopia as well as unknown Caribbean mobility towards Africa, a mobility which is driven against the current.

  17. Análisis biogeográfico de la flora de un bosque seco tropical (bs-T en el Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cortés Rocío

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de encontrar las afinidades florísticas de un bosque seco tropical (bs-T en el Caribe colombiano
    y las regiones con las que, históricamente, se encuentra mejor relacionado, se evaluaron las distribuciones de 183 especies de la flora de la Hacienda “El Ceibal”. Ésto se realizó mediante un análisis de similitud de áreas, y bajo un enfoque panbiogeográfico. Se encontró que las áreas más afines actualmente con la flora del “El Ceibal” son los bosques húmedos y secos centroamericanos, bosque húmedo de Urabá-Magdalena y los valles interandinos de Colombia. En cuanto a la panbiogeografía, se obtuvieron cuatro trazos generalizados, que coinciden en la conexión con las áreas centroamericanas, la Serranía del Perijá, Guajira, la costa Caribe venezolana y los valles interandinos de Colombia. También se evidencia la relación, no muy fuertemente respaldada, del bosque seco del Caribe colombiano con áreas del centro y sur de Suramérica. Los trazos coinciden con los obtenidos por numerosos trabajos, especialmente sobre la biota mesoamericana. Estas
    relaciones evidencian el carácter caribeño de la flora de la Hacienda “El Ceibal” y su complejidad biogeográfica.
    En adelante, para llegar a aproximaciones precisas de la historia evolutiva del Caribe, será preciso aplicar métodos de biogeografía cladística o filogenética.

  18. SO2 and BrO observation in the plume of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano 2010: CARIBIC and GOME-2 retrievals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. F. J. van Velthoven

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The ash cloud of the Eyjafjallajökull (also referred to as: Eyjafjalla (e.g. Schumann et al., 2011, Eyjafjöll or Eyjafjoll (e.g. Ansmann et al., 2010 volcano on Iceland caused closure of large parts of European airspace in April and May 2010. For the validation and improvement of the European volcanic ash forecast models several research flights were performed. Also the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container flying laboratory, which routinely measures at cruise altitude (≈11 km performed three dedicated measurements flights through sections of the ash plume. Although the focus of these flights was on the detection and quantification of the volcanic ash, we report here on sulphur dioxide (SO2 and bromine monoxide (BrO measurements with the CARIBIC DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy instrument during the second of these special flights on 16 May 2010. As the BrO and the SO2 observations coincide, we assume the BrO to have been formed inside the volcanic plume. Average SO2 and BrO mixing ratios of ≈40 ppb and ≈5 ppt respectively are retrieved inside the plume. The BrO to SO2 ratio retrieved from the CARIBIC observation is ≈1.3×10−4. Both SO2 and BrO observations agree well with simultaneous satellite (GOME-2 observations. SO2 column densities retrieved from satellite observations are often used as an indicator for volcanic ash. As the CARIBIC O4 column densities changed rapidly during the plume observation, we conclude that the aerosol and the SO2 plume are collocated. For SO2 some additional information on the local distribution can be derived from a comparison of forward and back scan GOME-2 data. More details on the local plume size and position are retrieved by combining CARIBIC and GOME-2 data.

  19. Vulnerabilidad, pobreza y desastres 'socioculturales' en Centroamérica y El Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas Serrano, Julián

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses and quantifies the relative level of risk in a geographical area that is vulnerable to natural phenomena and with a high proportion of its population in a situation of residential poverty. We deduce that the hazard in the area, composed of nine Central American and Caribbean countries, is significantly higher than the world average. The first aspect is covered in the sections Population at risk and Natural phenomena, which analyse the "study area". The second aspect is covered by Poverty in the "study area", various analyses of the physical situation in the target area, inhabited by almost 160 million people. Contrasted information is used as a basis for the concepts underpinning the extraordinary presence and seriousness of the socio-natural phenomena in this area. The interrelationship between th degree of vulnerability and poverty leads to the conclusion that these are the primary causes of disaster-related destruction, which in a 33 year period (1972 to 2005 has left an annual average of 20,000 human lives lost, 250,000 directly affected and approximately ten billion dollars in material damage.El trabajo pretende el estudio y cuantificación del riesgo relativo en una geografía física propensa a los fenómenos naturales y con una alta proporción de población en situación de pobreza habitacional, del que se deduce que el riesgo en la zona conformada por nueve países –de Centroamérica y el Caribe- es extraordinariamente superior a la media mundial. Del primer aspecto se ocupan los apartados relativos a delimitar el 'Área de Estudio': fenómenos naturales y población bajo riesgo. El segundo aspecto se aborda estudiando la situación material objetiva en la que se alojan y viven casi 160 millones de habitantes: Pobreza en el 'Área de Estudio'. En base a información contrastada se articulan los fundamentos en los que se sustenta la extraordinaria presencia y gravedad de los fenómenos 'socionaturales' en la

  20. The stable isotopic composition of molecular hydrogen in the tropopause region probed by the CARIBIC aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batenburg, A. M.; Schuck, T. J.; Baker, A. K.; Zahn, A.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Röckmann, T.

    2012-05-01

    More than 450 air samples that were collected in the upper troposphere - lower stratosphere (UTLS) region by the CARIBIC aircraft (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) have been analyzed for molecular hydrogen (H2) mixing ratios (χ(H2)) and H2 isotopic composition (deuterium content, δD). More than 120 of the analyzed samples contained air from the lowermost stratosphere (LMS). These show that χ(H2) does not vary appreciably with O3-derived height above the thermal tropopause (TP), whereas δD does increase with height. The isotope enrichment is caused by H2 production and destruction processes that enrich the stratospheric H2 reservoir in deuterium (D); the exact shapes of the profiles are mainly determined by mixing of stratospheric with tropospheric air. Tight negative correlations are found between δD and the mixing ratios of methane (χ(CH4)) and nitrous oxide (χ(N2O)), as a result of the relatively long lifetimes of these three species. The correlations are described by δD[‰]=-0.35 · χ(CH4)[ppb]+768 and δD[‰]=-1.90· χ(N2O)[ppb]+745. These correlations are similar to previously published results and likely hold globally for the LMS. Samples that were collected from the Indian subcontinent up to 40° N before, during and after the summer monsoon season show no significant seasonal change in χ(H2), but δD is up to 12.3‰ lower in the July, August and September monsoon samples. This δD decrease is correlated with the χ(CH4) increase in these samples. The significant correlation with χ(CH4) and the absence of a perceptible χ(H2) increase that accompanies the δD decrease indicates that microbial production of very D-depleted H2 in the wet season may contribute to this phenomenon. Some of the samples have very high χ(H2) and very low δD values, which indicates a pollution effect. Aircraft engine exhaust plumes are a suspected cause, since the effect mostly occurs in samples

  1. Colorado Plateau Rapid Ecoregion Assessment Data Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior — Datasets used in the analysis of the Colorado Plateau (COP) Rapid Ecoregion Assessment (REA).They can be downloaded via a layer package (lpk, similar to a zip file...

  2. Notes and comments on Colorado Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is a summary of actual management actions, and plant community responses on Colorado refuges during 1992. It is part of the moist-soil expert system...

  3. Observations of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons Over India During the Asian Summer Monsoon Period: Results from CARIBIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Schuck, T. J.; Slemr, F.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.

    2008-12-01

    The CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, www.caribic-atmospheric.com) involves the monthly deployment of an instrument container equipped to make atmospheric measurements from onboard a long-range commercial airliner. Since December 2004, flights for the second phase of CARIBIC have been aboard a Lufthansa Airbus A340-600 traveling between Frankfurt, Germany and destinations in Asia, North America and South America. The instrument package housed in the container (1.5 ton) is fully automated and during each monthly set of flights carries out a variety of real-time trace gas and aerosol measurements, and also collects 28 air samples, which are analyzed upon return to the laboratory. Routine measurements made from the sampling flasks include non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) analysis, and these measurements provide the basis for the data presented here. Between April and September of 2008, the container was deployed monthly on two sequential roundtrip flights between Frankfurt and Chennai, India. To achieve greater resolution, air samples were collected only on the first of the roundtrip flights, with 14 samples collected on the flight to Chennai and 14 collected on the return. These flights provided the opportunity to study the composition of the upper troposphere in this region during the Asian summer monsoon period (typically June-September), which is characterized by anticyclonic circulation in the upper troposphere coupled with deep convection. Samples collected during the monsoon period exhibit elevated levels of NMHCs relative to samples collected outside of the monsoon period, with enhancements in ethyne and benzene being more substantial than enhancements in the alkanes. Enhanced mixing ratios are observed between 15N and 40N, and correspond to enhancements in other trace gases, namely methane and CO. Ethyne in particular is strongly correlated with both methane and CO in this region

  4. Monitoring organic nitrogen species in the UT/LS - a new system for analysis of CARIBIC whole air samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauvage, Carina; Thorenz, Ute; Baker, Angela; Brenninkmeijer, Carl; Williams, Jonathan

    2014-05-01

    The CARIBIC project is a unique program for long term and global scale monitoring of the atmosphere (http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). An instrument container is installed monthly into a civil aircraft operated by Lufthansa (Airbus A 340-600) and makes atmospheric observations en route from Frankfurt, Germany to various destinations around the globe. In four to six long distance flights at a cruising altitude of 10 to 12 km online measurements of various atmospheric tracers are performed during the flight as well as whole air samples are taken with two different sampling units (116 samples in both glass and stainless steel canisters). These samples are routinely analyzed for greenhouse gases, non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and halogenated compounds. Nitrogen containing compounds play various important roles in the atmosphere. Alkyl nitrates (RONO2) are products of the reaction of NMHC with OH and other oxidants in the presence of NO. They can provide information on the oxidative history of an air mass. Moreover they influence photolchemical ozone formation and act as a transport mechanism for reactive nitrogen. Less reactive nitrogen containing species such as HCN and acetonitrile are important markers for biomass burning, while organic amines are involved in gas to particle partitioning. Finally N2O is a long lived nitrogen containing gas important for the Earth's radiative budget. Regular measurements of such nitrogen compounds would therefore be a significant contribution to the CARIBIC data set. Especially for high altitude samples, in which the mixing ratios of many species are expected to be in the low ppt range, a highly sensitive method for analysis is required. Therefore a new system for measurement of nitrogen compounds has been built up, comprising a gas chromatograph (GC) using a nitrogen chemiluminescence detector (NCD). An important advantage of the NCD is that it is selective for nitrogen and equimolar. The nitrogen compounds are sequentially pre

  5. Macroalgas marinas afectadas por flotas de arrastre de camarón en el Mar Caribe de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duarte Luis O.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available La captura acompañante, es decir, individuos que sin ser objetivo de las pesquerías son capturados por las artes de pesca, se ha convertido en un tema de preocupación mundial debido al impacto que su extracción significa para los ecosistemas. En el mar Caribe de Colombia opera una flota de pesca de arrastre dirigida al camarón que registra elevados niveles de captura acompañante. Las evaluaciones de las capturas de esta flota se han concentrado en las especies de peces principalmente y de invertebrados en menor grado, pero en la actualidad no existe un estudio que evalúe la composición taxonómica y brinde indicios sobre el efecto que tienen la pesca de arrastre en las comunidades de macroalgas, a pesar de que estas comunidades juegan un rol importante en la estructura y complejidad de los ecosistemas. Este estudio evaluó la composición taxonómica y biomasa de macroalgas registrada en muestreos a bordo de las flotas de arrastre de camarón en las zonas de pesca ubicadas al norte y sur del mar Caribe colombiano durante los meses de agosto, septiembre y octubre de 2004. Se obtuvo un total de 15 taxa de macroalgas en las dos zonas de pesca. El género más frecuente fue Sargassum, lo cual puede deberse a que su estrategia de vida pelágica y bentónica lo hace más vulnerable a la acción de las redes en los fondos. Las abundancias de algas fueron muy similares
    en ambas sitios de estudio. La biomasa de macroalgas registradas en cada lance fue mucho menor que la registrada de camarones y descartes. La evidencia que presenta este estudio sobre la existencia de macroalgas en la captura acompañante de la flota de arrastre de camarón y la acción prolongada de esta pesquería en el mar Caribe de Colombia, indican que es urgente implementar modificaciones en las redes para disminuir su efecto abrasivo sobre los fondos.

  6. 78 FR 19296 - Notice of Inventory Completion: History Colorado, formerly Colorado Historical Society, Denver, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Society, Denver, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: History Colorado, formerly Colorado Historical Society, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the... time of the excavation and removal of these human remains, the land from which the remains and...

  7. 78 FR 30737 - Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Reestablishment of Membership on the Colorado Potato...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... action was published in the Federal Register on February 11, 2013 (78 FR 9629). An internet link to the... Service 7 CFR Part 948 Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Reestablishment of Membership on the Colorado Potato Administrative Committee, Area No. 2 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION:...

  8. Construyendo una ‘Vía Láctea’ desde Dinamarca hasta América Latina y El Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez, Jacobo; Modrow, Sven Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    Un día lluvioso de Septiembre de 2014, Janus Skøt, Director de Arla Foods en América Latina y el Caribe (LATAM), observaba la gran Ciudad de México a través de la ventana de su oficina ubicada en un décimo piso. Mientras la lluvia caía, él meditaba: “Cuán impresionante es la vista de la Ciudad de México con sus 25 millones de habitantes” (Skøt, 2014a). El panorama le recordó la posición de su firma, que lo llevó a reflexionar: “Estamos viendo a millones de posibles consumidores, p...

  9. Branchiosyllis salazari sp. n. (Polychaeta, Syllidae del Caribe noroccidental y comentarios sobre el material tipo de B. exilis (Gravier, 1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz-Ramírez, J. D.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Branchiosyllis salazari sp. n. (Polychaeta, Syllidae del Caribe noroccidental y comentarios sobre el material tipo de B. exilis (Gravier, 1900 On the basis of 195 specimens from the Northwestern Caribbean Sea, a new species of Branchiosyllis Ehlers, 1887 is described. Branchiosyllis salazari n. sp. has three pairs of eyes (two small pairs above the anterior margin of the prostomium, the third pair in a transverse line, without branchia, setae with large hooked blades in median setigers, and proventricle without middorsal line. The type material of B. exilis (Gravier, 1900, an apparently circumtropical species, was revised to clarify its presence in the Caribbean Sea. Its diagnostic features are: two pairs of eyes in a transverse line, no branchia, setae with large hooked blades in posterior setigers only, and proventricle with a middorsal line of Diamond-shaped cells. A key for the seven species of Branchiosyllis in the Grand Caribbean is included.

  10. Costos del ALCA para América Latina y el Caribe: el caso de los aranceles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Leonardo Saavedra

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo muestra los efectos de la apertura comercial en América Latina (AL y el Caribe en los sectores industrial y agrícola, particularmente en cuanto a la reducción y recomposición de la planta productiva y su efecto en los niveles de empleo, ingreso y pobreza. Nuestro propósito es mostrar que la posible puesta en práctica del Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas (ALCA reforzaría el sentido de la apertura. También abordamos sus probables repercusiones en el sector externo, que implicarían una reestructuración de los flujos comerciales en la región y su mayor dependencia de los mercados norteamericano y canadiense.

  11. Inscribir, mostrar y recrear una cicatriz: infancia y escritura en la novela autobiográfica del Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Amigo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué papel tiene la escritura en un relato de infancia? El presente artículo intenta responder esa pregunta a partir de la lectura de tres narrativas de inspiración autobiográfica del Caribe: Chemin d'école [Camino a la escuela] (1994, de Patrick Chamoiseau; Una casa para Mr. Biswas, de V.S. Naipaul (1961 y Le coeur à rire et à pleurer [Un corazón que ríe y llora] (1999, de Maryse Condé. En todas esas obras observamos los momentos en que la escritura se torna un problema para los personajes-niños y relacionamos esos episodios con la imagen de la cicatriz. Hacia el final, esbozamos una relación posible entre esa imagen y el concepto de glocalización, de Zygmunt Bauman.

  12. Biomass burning and fossil fuel signatures in the upper troposphere observed during a CARIBIC flight from Namibia to Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühle, J.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Rhee, T. S.; Slemr, F.; Oram, D. E.; Penkett, S. A.; Zahn, A.

    2002-10-01

    During a CARIBIC flight from Namibia to Germany in July 2000, air influenced by recent convective injection of biomass burning emissions was intersected in the vicinity of the ITCZ at an altitude of 10 km. The observed CO enhancement ratios for non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and methyl halides are consistent with those reported for fresh biomass burning plumes. Air masses affected by transcontinental transport of natural gas emissions, most probably from the Gulf of Mexico, were encountered over the Mediterranean Sea. These are one of the few observations of deep convection of biomass burning emissions to the upper troposphere and of long range transport of natural gas emissions reported so far. The observations demonstrate the importance of deep convection for the chemistry of the upper troposphere and the potential of commercial aircraft for atmospheric research.

  13. The stable isotopic composition of molecular hydrogen in the tropopause region probed by the CARIBIC aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Batenburg

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available More than 450 air samples that were collected in the upper troposphere – lower stratosphere (UTLS region by the CARIBIC aircraft (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container have been analyzed for molecular hydrogen (H2 mixing ratios (χ(H2 and H2 isotopic composition (deuterium content, δD.

    More than 120 of the analyzed samples contained air from the lowermost stratosphere (LMS. These show that χ(H2 does not vary appreciably with O3-derived height above the thermal tropopause (TP, whereas δD does increase with height. The isotope enrichment is caused by H2 production and destruction processes that enrich the stratospheric H2 reservoir in deuterium (D; the exact shapes of the profiles are mainly determined by mixing of stratospheric with tropospheric air. Tight negative correlations are found between δD and the mixing ratios of methane (χ(CH4 and nitrous oxide (χ(N2O, as a result of the relatively long lifetimes of these three species. The correlations are described by δD[‰]=−0.35 · χ(CH4[ppb]+768 and δD[‰]=−1.90· χ(N2O[ppb]+745. These correlations are similar to previously published results and likely hold globally for the LMS.

    Samples that were collected from the Indian subcontinent up to 40° N before, during and after the summer monsoon season show no significant seasonal change in χ(H2, but δD is up to 12.3‰ lower in the July, August and September monsoon samples. This δD decrease is correlated with the χ(CH4 increase in these samples. The significant correlation with χ(CH4 and the absence of a perceptible χ(H2 increase that accompanies the δD decrease indicates that microbial production of

  14. The stable isotopic composition of molecular hydrogen in the tropopause region probed by the CARIBIC aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Batenburg

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available More than 450 air samples that were collected in the upper troposphere – lower stratosphere (UTLS region around the tropopause (TP by the CARIBIC aircraft (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container have been analyzed for molecular hydrogen (H2 mixing ratios (m(H2 and H2 isotopic composition (deuterium content, δD.

    More than 120 of the analysed samples consisted of air from the lowermost stratosphere (LMS. These show that m(H2 does not vary appreciably with O3-derived height above the thermal TP, whereas δD does increase with height. The isotope enrichment is caused by competing H2 production and destruction processes that enrich the stratospheric H2 reservoir in deuterium (D; the exact shapes of the profiles are mainly determined by mixing of stratospheric with tropospheric air. Tight negative correlations are found between δD and the mixing ratios of methane (CH4 and nitrous oxide (N2O, as a result of the relatively long lifetimes of these three species. The correlations are described by δ D [‰]=-0.35 · m(CH4[ppb]+768 and δD [‰]=-1.90 · m(N2O[ppb]+745. These correlations are similar to previously published results and likely hold globally.

    Samples that were collected from the Indian subcontinent up to 40° N before, during and after the summer monsoon season show no significant seasonal change in m(H2, but δD is up to 15‰ lower in the July, August and September monsoon samples. This δD lowering is correlated with m(CH4 increase. The significant correlation with m(CH4 and the absence of a perceptible m(H2 increase that accompanies the δD lowering indicates that microbial production

  15. IDENTIFICACIÓN MOLECULAR DE POBLACIONES BACTERIANAS ASOCIADAS AL CARACOL PALA (Strombus gigas DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROMERO MAGALLY

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN

    El caracol Pala, Strombus gigas (Strombidae, es de gran importancia ecológica y socioeconómica en el área caribeña colombiana. Sin embargo, es una especie catalogada como “vulnerable” y existe muy poca información referente a las especies bacterianas asociadas al caracol que puedan ser importantes para el desarrollo, manejo productivo y de seguridad acuícola de estos gastrópodos. En este trabajo, nosotros empleamos un estudio microbiológico y molecular de la región intergénica entre los genes 16S y 23S rDNA, análisis del gen rDNA 16S y secuenciación, para analizar las bacterias asociadas al caracol Pala (S. gigas. La composición de bacterias cultivables asociadas fue evaluada por su capacidad para crecer en agar marino y en medios de cultivos selectivos. De un total de 28 muestras analizadas encontramos que el número de bacterias cultivadas en condiciones aerobias fue de alrededor 106 ufc mL-1 donde las bacterias pertenecientes a la familia Vibrionacea fueron las más abundantes, cerca de >105 ufc mL-1 . El análisis molecular de la región intergénica entre los genes 16S y 23S rDNA de las diferentes muestras, reveló una gran complejidad bacteriana asociada a S. gigas. Las secuencias de los amplificados del gen rDNA 16S identificó Pseudoalteromonas sp., Halomonas sp., Psycrobacter sp., Cobetia sp., Pseudomonas sp. y Vibrios sp. Nuestros resultados podrían sugerir un rol importante de estas bacterias como componentes de la comunidad asociada al S. gigas. Esta información puede complementar los estudios que se están implementando en los procesos para la conservación y repoblamiento de las poblaciones de S. gigas en Colombia.

    Palabras clave: Strombus gigas, Caracol pala, Bacteria, Región intergénica 16S-23S, rDNA 16S.

    ABSTRACT

    The Queen Conch, Strombus gigas (Strombidae, is a species of great ecological and socioeconomic importance in the Caribbean area of Colombia

  16. Ketofol: ensayo clínico prospectivo aleatorizado en el Hospital Universitario del Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llamas William

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el ketofol es una combinación de dos anestésicos endovenosos: ketamina y propofol. Ambos son excelentesmedicamentos para inducir un estado de inconsciencia que provee las condiciones que el cirujano necesita para realizarprocedimientos quirúrgicos cortos, mínimamente invasivos. La ventaja de esta combinación es la potenciación de sus efectosanestésicos y la paliación mutua de sus efectos adversos; la hipotensión y depresión respiratoria inducidos por el propofol soncontrarrestados por la ketamina, así como los sueños vividos y reacciones de emergencia de la ketamina disminuyen dramáticamentecon propofol.HIPÓTESIS: en razón a que trabajos previos han mostrado que la mezcla ketamina/propofol en una mezcla 1:1(1 miligramo de ketaminapor cada miligramo de propofol es eficaz para proveer anestesia pero con efectos adversos tales como agitación, náuseas, reaccionesde emergencia, etc., creemos que la mezcla 1:2 (1 miligramo de ketamina por cada 2 miligramos de propofol proveerá igual estabilidadde las variables fisiológicas básicas durante la cirugía, con menor incidencia de eventos adversos (las dosis a suministrar están dentrodel rango de dosis considerados como seguros individualmente.METODOLOGÍA: estudio prospectivo aleatorizado a realizarse en el Hospital Universitario del Caribe, con pacientes entre 18 y 50 años,hombres y mujeres, a quienes se les vaya a someter a uno de los siguientes procedimientos: reducción de luxaciones; reducción defracturas; lavados desbridamientos de úlceras, pies diabéticos, y drenaje de abscesos; retiro de material de osteosíntesis;toracostomias; legrados uterinos; sutura de tejidos blandos; cuidados de quemaduras; herniorrafia umbilical; circuncisión y otrosprocedimientos de no más de una hora de duración. Los pacientes se asignarán aleatoriamente a dos grupos: 1. Ketamina/propofol enuna mezcla 1:1 (1 miligramo de ketamina por cada miligramo de propofol, y 2. Ketamina

  17. La comunidad de copépodos en las Islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina (Caribe colombiano) durante el período lluvioso (Octubre) 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Barragan, M.P.; Franco-Herrera, A.; Medina-Calderon, J.; Santos-Martínez, A.

    2009-01-01

    Con el fin de contribuir al conocimiento de la comunidad zooplanctónica, en particular de la sublcase Copepoda en las islas de Providencia y Santa Catalia (Caribe colombiano), se analizaron 47 estaciones en el mes de octubre de 2005 (época lluviosa). Se encontraron en total 42 especies pertenecientes a los órdenes Calanoida, Poecilostomatoida, Cyclopoida, Harpacticoida y Siphonostomatoida, de las cuales Clausocalanus arcuicornis, C. furactus, Calocalanus pavo, C. contractus, Pontella securife...

  18. El acaparamiento de tierras en América Latina y el Caribe visto desde una perspectiva internacional más amplia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Borras jr (Saturnino); J.C. Franco (Jennifer); C. Kay (Cristóbal); M. Spoor (Monique)

    2012-01-01

    markdownabstractEste volumen continúa la discusión surgida de los antecedentes recogidos en la investigación presentada en el libro “Dinámicas del mercado de la tierra en América Latina y el Caribe: concentración y extranjerización”, publicado por la Oficina Regional de la FAO en junio de 2012. Tant

  19. Las otras caras del paraíso: veinte años en la historiografía del turismo en el Caribe, 1993 - 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Deavila Pertuz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo historiográfico analiza la evolución en el estudio del desarrollo histórico del turismo en el Caribe, cuáles han sido sus debates, perspectivas temáticas, aproximaciones metodológicas, y bases teóricas en los últimos veinte años. El articulo su giere que han sido cinco los temas que han marcado esta trayectoria historiográfica: el estudio del turismo desde sus implicaciones económicas, políticas y sociales (y desde la comparación con el sistema de plantación, desde la perspectiva de género y la sexualidad (y en particular desde la dominación del cuerpo de la mujer caribeña afrodescendiente, desde las relaciones socio - raciales derivadas del encuentro turístico, desde su dimensión simbólica y/o imaginaria, y desde la relación histórica entre el tu rismo y los distintos poderes imperiales que se han establecido en la región. A pesar de la rica trayectoria en el estudio del tema, sus logros no se han extendido al Caribe continental.

  20. producción bibliométrica y redes de cooperación en la revista psicología desde el caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Hernando Ávila-Toscano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan resultados de un estudio cuyo objetivo se centró en el análisis de los indicadores bibliométricos y las redes de colaboración en la revista de psicología más representativa del Caribe colombiano (Psicología desde el Caribe durante el período 2009- 2013. Tras el análisis de 12 números, los resultados demuestran la importancia otorgada al trabajo colaborativo, que se evidencia en un elevado porcentaje de textos escritos por varios autores (83.2 %, que particularmente proceden de instituciones colombianas, que prefieren el trabajo conjunto con los de España, México y Estados Unidos. La revista también so- bresale como un órgano de la preferencia para una red importante de autores de Brasil. En los artículos publicados destacan las investigaciones de tipo aplicado y de temáticas clínicas y sociales, como las de mayor preferencia por parte de los articulistas. Psicología desde el Caribe se perfila como un órgano de difusión esencialmente en español, que parece gozar del crédito y la confianza de autores de todo el continente Americano y España.

  1. Culturas migratorias en el Caribe colombiano: El caso de los isleños raizales de las islas de Old Providence y Santa Catalina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Isabel Márquez Pérez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las migraciones caribeñas han sido ampliamente documentadas, especialmente desde visiones económicas y demográficas que enfatizan los aspectos negativos que estas causan en individuos y sociedades. Sin embargo, desde las ciencias humanas se ha difundido el concepto de culturas migratorias para analizarlas . El eje central es que, más allá de un fenómeno de tipo económico, ligado a superpoblación y desempleo , la movilidad caribeña puede entenderse como una tradición cultural que se ha convertido en un modo de vida legitimado por generaciones de migrantes, permitiendo la viabilidad de estas sociedades. Este concepto supone la movilidad constante a manera de migraciones temporales utilizadas como estrategias económicas básicas, así como mecanismos socioculturales que facilitan y perpetúan esta práctica. Este seria el caso de los habitantes de Providencia y Santa Catalina en el territorio de habla inglesa en el Caribe colombiano, quienes poseen una larga historia de migraciones que continúan hasta hoy y que constituyen una forma de vida. Este documento resulta de investigaciones realizadas tanto en las islas como con migrantes en Bogotá, entre 2004 y 2011, en las cuales se abordaron diversos temas, incluyendo el papel de las migraciones en la vida de estos isleños, las memorias y las percepciones sobre las mismas.

  2. Condicionantes del turismo sustentable en el caribe mexicano Conditions of sustainable tourism on the Caribbean coast of Mexico Les conditions du tourisme soutenable sur la côté caribéenne du Mexique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalía Gómez Uzeta

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La concurrence internationale sur le marché touristique a des effets négative sur le comportement des flux touristiques américains sur les rivages caribéens du Mexique. La massification des flux a mis en évidence les limites du modèle traditionnel basé sur l'offre « soleil et plage  » commune à l’ensemble de l’espace carïbéen. Pour cette raison, il est nécessaire de repenser de nouvelles façons de soutenir le développement du tourisme, de la décentralisation des fonctions politiques et administratives des trois paliers de gouvernement, et de chercher à renforcer les synergies régionales pour renforcer les possibilités de diversification du développement autour de nouvelles attractions et offres provenant des marchés locaux.Cette stratégie permettra de promouvoir la durabilité de l'économie régionale et d'État et de consolider un projet de développement viable à long terme.The competition on the international tourism market has negative effects on the behavior of American’ tourist flows on the Caribbean coast of Mexico. The mass flows has highlighted the limitations of traditional model based on the offer "sun and beach" common throughout the Caribbean area. For this reason, we need to rethink new ways to support development tourism, the decentralization of political and administrative functions of the three levels of government, and seek to strengthen regional synergies to enhance diversification opportunities around the development of new attractions and offers from local markets.This strategy will promote the sustainability of the regional economy and state and consolidate a sustainable development project in the long term.Existen condiciones de competencia internacional que han afectado negativamente el comportamiento del flujo turístico norteamericano al Caribe Mexicano, ello ha puesto en evidencia la vulnerabilidad del modelo tradicional basado en la oferta de “sol y playa”, que se ha agrava en la

  3. Regional geophysical investigations in central Colorado Plateau

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gravity and aeromagnetic surveys covering about 15,000 square miles in the central Colorado Plateau in Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico were conducted to assist in determining the regional subsurface geology as it may relate to uranium, oil, and potash exploration. The dominant gravity anomalies are conspicuous gravity lows over the salt anticlines. Both broad regional highs, which occur over the monoclinal uplifts where denser rocks are close to the surface, and regional lows, which occur over the basin and platform areas, are caused by lateral density contrasts related to structural relief. Most of the magnetic anomalies arise from contrasts in magnetization of the Precambrian basement

  4. The instrumental climate history of southwestern Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doesken, N.J.; McKee, T.B. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Instrumental observations of the climate of southwestern Colorado date back to about 1880. Climatic conditions since the late 19th century will be described with emphasis on temperatures, temperature ranges and observed precipitation. Typical seasonal patterns of temperature and precipitation will be shown, and variations and apparent trends over time will be discussed. Drought characteristics will be described based on a standardized precipitation index developed for Colorado. Finally, brief comments on the challenge of collecting accurate and consistent long-term data will be given.

  5. The Colorado Lightning Mapping Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rison, W.; Krehbiel, P. R.; Thomas, R. J.; Rodeheffer, D.; Fuchs, B.

    2012-12-01

    A fifteen station Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) was installed in northern Colorado in the spring of 2012. While the driving force for the array was to produce 3-dimensional lightning data to support the Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry (DC3) Experiment (Barth, this conference), data from the array are being used for several other projects. These include: electrification studies in conjunction with the CSU CHILL radar (Lang et al, this conference); observations of the parent lightning discharges of sprites (Lyons et al, this conference); trying to detect upward discharges triggered by wind turbines, characterizing conditions in which aircraft flying through clouds produce discharges which can be detected by the LMA, and other opportunities, such as observations of lightning in pyrocumulus clouds produced by the High Park Fire west of Fort Collins, CO. All the COLMA stations are solar-powered, and use broadband cellular modems for data communications. This makes the stations completely self-contained and autonomous, allowing a station to be installed anywhere a cellular signal is available. Because most of the stations were installed well away from anthropogenic noise sources, the COLMA is very sensitive. This is evidenced by the numerous plane tracks detected in its the vicinity. The diameter, D, of the COLMA is about 100 km, significantly larger than other LMAs. Because the error in the radial distance r is proportional to (r/D)2, and the error in the altitude z is proportional to (z/D)2, the larger array diameter greatly expands the usable range of the COLMA. The COLMA is able to detect and characterize lighting flashes to a distance of about 350 km from the array center. In addition to a web-based display (lightning.nmt.edu/colma), geo-referenced images are produced and updated at one-minute intervals. These geo-referenced images can be used to overlay the real-time lightning data on Google Earth and other mapping software. These displays were used by the DC3

  6. Poder y ordenamiento espacial en la Costa Caribe colombiana: Patrones de asentamiento en el Partido de Cartagena (Tierradentro- Provincia de Cartagena de Indias, siglos XVI – XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Díaz Pardo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En la literatura histórica colombiana y caribeña se ha dado un fuerte acento en el papel que jugaron las ciudades y las regiones que emergieron de ellas en ola formación la moderna cultura caribeña. En la arqueología el énfasis se ha limitado a analizar procesos prehispánicos adaptativos a condiciones cambiantes del medio ambiente dejando de manera tacita fuera de foco la discusión de las consecuencias sociales y culturales de la conquista y la colonia y su impacto en el tejido social que surgiría a finales del siglo XVI. Estas delimitaciones disciplinarias se han convertido en un obstáculo para el conocimiento e interpretación de las dinámicas que siguieron al impulso inicial de la colonización del litoral caribeño y la bien conocida fundación de los centros militares y administrativos. Consecuentemente los historiadores han ignorado en gran parte el papel de las poblaciones aborígenes en la formación de los asentamientos al interior de la llanura costera a pesar que es un hecho bien conocido que no desaparecieron completamente después del siglo XVI. A pesar de que han existido intentos de sintetizar y complementar la información histórica con datos arqueológicos especialmente en los últimos diez años no hemos asistido a un evaluación del campo que consideramos de la mayor importancia para entender la estrategias a traves de las cuales las comunidades aborígenes y algo mas tarde las comunidades de composición mixta africano-indígena y mestizas establecieron exitosamente una serie de asentamientos fuera del sistema colonial reinante. El análisis de los patrones de asentamiento se ha restringido a estudios arqueológicos pero su potencial se extiende mucho mas alla de esta disciplina. La colonia en el siglo XVIII registra un gran número de asentamientos en las planicies caribeñas para los cuales tenemos muy poca información precedente, se hace necesario entonces entender el sistema de asentamientos que exitosamente

  7. Hospital Based Paternity Establishment in Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Jessica; Thoennes, Nancy

    1997-01-01

    Describes the impact of the Colorado's Child Support Improvement Project on voluntary paternity acknowledgment rate, which increased almost 24% from 1991 to 1994. Program activities include simplifying voluntary acknowledgment procedures and training hospital personnel on paternity. Voluntary paternity acknowledgment is associated with the…

  8. Besnoitiosis in rodents from Colorado. [Parasitic infestations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dagle, G E; Winsor, T F; Adee, R R

    1976-01-01

    Parasitic cysts of Besnoitia jellisoni (coccidia) were found in rodents (Peromyscus maniculatus and Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) trapped in Eastern Colorado. The parasite was associated with a granulomatous inflammatory reaction in the lungs of each rodent and was disseminated in several organs from one Peromyscus. The ultrastructural appearance of the merozoites and the cyst wall formed by the host cell were studied.

  9. Bats of the Colorado oil shale region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finley, R.B. Jr.; Caire, W.; Wilhelm, D.E.

    1984-10-31

    New records for Myotis californicus, M. evotis, M. leibii, M. lucifugus, M. thysanodes, M. volans, M. yumanensis, Lasionycteris noctivagans, Pipistrellus hesperus, Eptesicus fuscus, Lasiurus cinereus, Plecotus townsendii, and Antrozous pallidus and their habitat occurrence in northwestern Colorado are reported. Mortality of 27 bats of six species trapped in an oil sludge pit is described. 7 references.

  10. Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Denver, Colorado, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  11. 78 FR 57923 - Colorado Disaster #CO-00065

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... ADMINISTRATION Colorado Disaster CO-00065 AGENCY: Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is... applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road.... Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington, DC 20416....

  12. Air quality management in Denver, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The state of Colorado is addressing a number of air quality problems. In addition to carbon monoxide, ozone, particulates, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and lead, they are also designing programs to deal with visibility, acid deposition, ozone depletion, and global warming. Programs for controlling carbon monoxide, particulates, vehicle emissions, and programs for achieving lifestyle changes are discussed in particular

  13. Colorado Academic Library Master Plan. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Claude, Jr., Ed.; Moore, Beverly, Ed.

    This master plan for Colorado academic libraries assesses current strengths and weaknesses of public and private academic libraries in the state and forecasts the role of academic libraries in support of higher education. The plan consists of a series of recommendations divided into six related and overlapping sections: access, collection…

  14. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SMOKING AND ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN OTOLARYNGOLOGIC PATIENTS OF THE HOSPITAL UNIVERSITARIO DEL CARIBE. CARTAGENA. COLOMBIA. (IN SPANISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales-Valdés Lady Johana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the allergic rhinitis (AR is a public health problem and the smoking continues having important prevalence in spite of numerous measures applied worldwide. Objective: to estimate the association between smoking and AR. Methods: analytic study, of cases and controls, in which the cases were patients with AR and the control ones, patients with other diseases of the high respiratory way non-related with the rhinitis. It was carried out in the Hospital Universitario del Caribe, Cartagena, Colombia. Data obtained in the surveys were analyzed. The OR with its respective confidence intervals of 95% were used to calculate the association between smoking and AR. Covariates were adjusted by means of a multivariable logistic regression. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 53 cases and 140 controls were included. There were not found statistically significant differences in the socio-demographic variables between cases and controls. The association between active smokers and AR had OR adjusted by confusion variables of 1.02 (CI 95%, 0.25-4.24. Conclusion: there was not found association between smoking and AR. Rev.cienc. biomed. 2014;5(2:205-210. KEYWORDS Rhinitis, Perennial allergic rhinitis, Smoking.

  15. MIGRAÇÃO E APROPRIAÇÃO DA OBRA DE FAULKNER NO CARIBE leituras de Edouard Glissant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eurídice Figueiredo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma leitura cruzada das obras de Edouard Glissant e William Faulkner a partir de duas obras do escritor martinicano: o ensaio Faulkner, Mississipi e o romance Sartorius. No primeiro, ele dá ênfase a questões presentes em sua própriaobra romanesca: a genealogia, a relação com o espaço daplantação, a mestiçagem, a (ilegitimidade de direitos dos brancos sobre a terra, a opacidade. Já no romance, ele traça uma linhagem genealógica de um personagem pertencente a uma etnia africana imaginária; paralelamente, há a linhagem genealógica dos Sartoris. Pretendo mostrar como o projeto literário de Glissant dialoga com a obra de Faulkner, perscrutando e inventariandoas mesmas perplexidades em relação à migração de populações esua reinserção no espaço das plantações, seja no Sul dos Estados Unidos ou nas ilhas do Caribe.

  16. UN ANÁLISIS DE CONTENIDO DE LAS PUBLICACIONES DEL CONGRESO LATINOAMERICANO Y DEL CARIBE SOBRE ESPÍRITU EMPRESARIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LESLIE BORJAS PARRA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación es analizar los trabajos arbitrados presentados en el marco de los Congresos Latinoamericanos y del Caribe sobre Espíritu Empresarial (CLCEE realizados en el período 2004 - 2007, para plantear un esquema de contenido hacia próximas versiones. El método elegido fue el análisis de contenido, el cual permitió establecer categorías para la revisión del corpus: tendencias, aspectos teóricos, abordajes metodológicos, innovaciones y el análisis bibliométrico. Se seleccionaron las categorías con base en los principales aspectos expuestos en la literatura internacional. El corpus fueron 48 ponencias arbitradas. El estudio aportó conclusiones acerca del estado de los avances temáticos, las perspectivas que se vislumbran hacia versiones futuras y las orientaciones que deberían abordarse para ajustarse a la evolución contextual del entrepreneurship en América Latina.

  17. Mercury Plumes in the Global Upper Troposphere Observed during Flights with the CARIBIC Observatory from May 2005 until June 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Slemr

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tropospheric sections of flights with the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrumented Container observatory from May 2005 until June 2013, are investigated for the occurrence of plumes with elevated Hg concentrations. Additional information on CO, CO2, CH4, NOy, O3, hydrocarbons, halocarbons, acetone and acetonitrile enable us to attribute the plumes to biomass burning, urban/industrial sources or a mixture of both. Altogether, 98 pollution plumes with elevated Hg concentrations and CO mixing ratios were encountered, and the Hg/CO emission ratios for 49 of them could be calculated. Most of the plumes were found over East Asia, in the African equatorial region, over South America and over Pakistan and India. The plumes encountered over equatorial Africa and over South America originate predominantly from biomass burning, as evidenced by the low Hg/CO emission ratios and elevated mixing ratios of acetonitrile, CH3Cl and particle concentrations. The backward trajectories point to the regions around the Rift Valley and the Amazon Basin, with its outskirts, as the source areas. The plumes encountered over East Asia and over Pakistan and India are predominantly of urban/industrial origin, sometimes mixed with products of biomass/biofuel burning. Backward trajectories point mostly to source areas in China and northern India. The Hg/CO2 and Hg/CH4 emission ratios for several plumes are also presented and discussed.

  18. Favourable impact of regular swimming in young people with haemophilia: experience derived from 'Desafio del Caribe' project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boadas, A; Osorio, M; Gibraltar, A; Rosas, M M; Berges, A; Herrera, E; Gadea, S; Gutiérrez, M Á; Salazar, F; Ruiz-Sáez, A

    2015-01-01

    Swimming is beneficial for persons with haemophilia (PWH) providing good maintenance of the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system and improving many psychological characteristics. In the Desafío del Caribe Project, young PWH from Venezuela and Mexico took part in an open water competition in the Gulf of Mexico under a multidisciplinary team supervision. Eight severe haemophilia A, two moderate haemophilia A, one severe haemophilia B and two moderate haemophilia B subjects were included. Haematological, musculoskeletal and psychological evaluations were carried out before and during training for the competition. Training program included physical exercise routines and swimming practices that alternated between pools and open water. Swimmers had coverage with factor concentrates before pool and open water trainings. In physiatric evaluations, the Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) was used. The objective of the psychology area was to analyse self-esteem, precompetition anxiety, coping mechanisms and relaxation levels. The need of factor prophylaxis before intense trainings was confirmed. In the musculoskeletal system a decrease of elbow pain as well as an increase of muscle strength in the ankles were observed. In the psychological area significant differences between the first and second test in self-esteem levels, cognitive anxiety and group cohesion were found. PWH must be provided with orientation and encouragement to practice swimming regularly. High competition exercise must be supervised by a multidisciplinary team which must evaluate the pros and cons of the activity to make relevant recommendations. PMID:25359594

  19. CO2 isotope analyses using large air samples collected on intercontinental flights by the CARIBIC Boeing 767.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assonov, S S; Brenninkmeijer, C A M; Koeppel, C; Röckmann, T

    2009-03-01

    Analytical details for 13C and 18O isotope analyses of atmospheric CO2 in large air samples are given. The large air samples of nominally 300 L were collected during the passenger aircraft-based atmospheric chemistry research project CARIBIC and analyzed for a large number of trace gases and isotopic composition. In the laboratory, an ultra-pure and high efficiency extraction system and high-quality isotope ratio mass spectrometry were used. Because direct comparison with other laboratories was practically impossible, the extraction and measurement procedures were tested in considerable detail. Extracted CO2 was measured twice vs. two different working reference CO2 gases of different isotopic composition. The two data sets agree well and their distributions can be used to evaluate analytical errors due to isotope measurement, ion corrections, internal calibration consistency, etc. The calibration itself is based on NBS-19 and also verified using isotope analyses on pure CO2 gases (NIST Reference Materials (RMs) and NARCIS CO2 gases). The major problem encountered could be attributed to CO2-water exchange in the air sampling cylinders. This exchange decreased over the years. To exclude artefacts due to such isotopic exchange, the data were filtered to reject negative delta18O(CO2) values. Examples of the results are given. PMID:19219897

  20. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acevedo Kelly

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1.760 - 394 mm en rayas y 595 - 585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida deM. Minicanis con dos embriones.

  1. FESTIVAL VER CIENCIA CARIBE: UN MODELO DE APROPIACIÓN SOCIAL DEL CONOCIMIENTO CIENTÍFICO REGIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ospina Bozzi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available El Festival Ver Ciencia Caribe se aborda desde la recuperación y valorización de lainvestigación científica regional, la inteligencia colectiva y la identidad cultural.Promueve el objetivo social de construir una cultura científica humanística que lapoblación juvenil pueda llegar a sentir como propia.El modelo de apropiación que estamos presentando a la comunidad internacionalentiende que es posible producir materiales de divulgación científica, popularizacióny apropiación social del conocimiento, útiles tanto para el ámbito de la enseñanza formal como para el de la educación informal, mediante múltiples usos, tanto en la emisión en medios de comunicación masiva, como en el aula de clase y en otros ámbitos sociales.

  2. Distribución de los gasterópodos del manglar, Neritina virgínea (Neritidae) y Littoraria angulifera (Littorinidae) en la Ecorregión Darién, Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Ferney Ortiz; Juan Felipe Blanco

    2012-01-01

    Aunque los gasterópodos son uno de los grupos más abundantes en los manglares del Caribe, poco se sabe del ámbito de especies particulares debido al enfoque comunitario de la mayoría de los estudios. El ámbito de las poblaciones de L. angulifera y N. virginea fue estudiado en la Ecorregión Darién, Caribe colombiano. El muestreo se realizó entre junio y agosto 2009, se recolectaron 3 963 individuos de ambas especies, a los cuales se les midió la talla de la concha. La Ecorregión presentó difer...

  3. Perspectivas sobre la generación distribuida mediante energías renovables en América Latina y el Caribe: Análisis de estudios de caso para Jamaica, Barbados, México y Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Christiaan Gischler; Nils Janson

    2011-01-01

    El presente documento analiza la manera de promover la generación distribuida (GD) utilizando energías renovables en mercados emergentes de América Latina y el Caribe con el propósito de incrementar la competitividad y lograr un crecimiento económico sostenible. En este trabajo se analizan cuatro estudios de casos en el Caribe (Jamaica y Barbados) y América Latina (México y Chile) para evaluar qué están haciendo o no están haciendo esos países para promover la GD renovable y por qué. Estos ca...

  4. Gunnison, Colorado subpile study report. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To protect human health and the environment, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project will remediate the uranium mill tailings site at Gunnison Colorado. There are explicit requirements (i.e., 40 CFR Part 192) for the surface remediation of radiologically contaminated soils on UMTRA sites. The removal of subpile sediment to the depth required by 40 CFR Part 192 will leave in place deeper foundation sediment that is contaminated with hazardous constituents other than radium-226 and thorium-230. The Department of Energy and the Colorado Department of Health have questioned whether this contaminated soil could potentially act as a continuing source of ground water contamination even after surface remediation based on 40 CFR Part 192 is complete. To evaluate the subpile sediments as a potential source of ground water contamination, the Gunnison Subpile study was initiated. This report summarizes the results and findings of this study

  5. La integración multinacional latinoamericana y caribeña: un enfoque desde la prospectiva crítica y participativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salazar Luis Suárez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los principales enunciados teórico-prácticos de la denominada "prospectiva crítica", luego de tomar posición frente a las discusiones que se están desarrollando en la actualidad en torno a las implicaciones de "la globalización" y del "fenómeno imperialista", así como de realizar una síntesis de los diferentes componentes de lo que su autor ha venido denominando "un nuevo orden panamericano", el artículo realiza un análisis crítico del estado actual de los diferentes proyectos de integración multinacional que se están desarrollando en América Latina y el Caribe: el Sistema de Integración Centroamericano (SICA, la Comunidad del Caribe (CARICOM, la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN y el Mercado Común del Sur (MERCOSUR. A partir de ese análisis -y tomando en cuenta algunos de los enunciados de la Iniciativa Bolivariana para las Américas (ALBA, recientemente dados a conocer por los presidentes de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez y Fidel Castro, respectivamente- el autor propone algunas ideas vinculadas a lo que denomina "un nuevo paradigma para la integración multinacional de América Latina y el Caribe" que, al unísono, sea capaz de confrontar la "integración coercitiva" que (a través del ALCA y de los TLC está impulsando el gobierno de los Estados Unidos en consuno con algunos gobiernos del hemisferio occidental, así como de superar los limitados resultados del "regionalismo abierto" impulsado, desde hace una década, por la Comisión Económica para América Latina (CEPAL.

  6. SO2 and BrO observation in the plume of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano 2010: CARIBIC and GOME-2 retrievals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. F. J. van Velthoven

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The ash cloud of the Eyjafjallajökull1 volcano on Iceland caused closure of large parts of European airspace in April and May 2010. For the validation and improvement of the European volcanic ash forecast models several research flights were performed. Also the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container flying laboratory, which routinely measures at cruise altitude (≈11 km performed three dedicated measurements flights through sections of the ash plume. Although the focus of these flights was on the detection and quantification of the volcanic ash, we report here on sulphur dioxide (SO2 and bromine monoxide (BrO measurements with the CARIBIC DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy instrument during the second of these special flights on 16 May 2010. As the BrO and the SO2 observations coincide, we assume the BrO to have been formed inside the volcanic plume. Both SO2 and BrO observations agree well with simultaneous satellite (GOME-2 observations. SO2 column densities retrieved from satellite observations are often used as an indicator for volcanic ash. For SO2 some additional information on the local distribution can be derived from a~comparison of forward and back scan GOME-2 data. More details on the local plume size and position are retrieved by combining CARIBIC and GOME-2 data. 1Also referred to as: Eyjafjalla (e.g. Schumann et al., 2010, Eyjafjöll or Eyjafjoll (e.g. Ansmann et al., 2010.

  7. BENEFITS OF CONTROLLING SALINE WATER IN COLORADO

    OpenAIRE

    Ellingson, Lindsey; Houk, Eric E.; Schuck, Eric C.; Frasier, W. Marshall

    2004-01-01

    The Arkansas River in Colorado is confronted with a salinity issue; the majority of this salinity problem is due to agricultural runoff caused by irrigation. Reducing applications of irrigation water through adoption of more technically efficient irrigation systems is one means of improving water quality in the Arkansas River basin. This research uses positive mathematical programming to model the cropping practices of the farms along the Arkansas River. It examines the affect of acreage and ...

  8. Green pricing: A Colorado case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blank, E.; Udall, J.R.

    1996-12-31

    A model program for green pricing targeted primarily at large customers is proposed in this paper. The program would create a partnership between a local community group, a renewables advocacy group, and several Colorado utilities. The first part of the paper summarizes pertinent background issues, including utility experience with green pricing programs. The rest of the paper outlines the program proposal, focusing primarily on organizational structure.

  9. Estrategias e instrumentos financieros para la gestión del riesgo de desastres en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Stuart Miller; Kari Keipi

    2006-01-01

    El presente documento investiga las posibles medidas que se pueden aplicar para reducir las pérdidas económicas resultantes de las amenazas naturales, y analiza los temas ex ante y ex post que afectan la gestión del riesgo de desastres. También evalúa de qué modo se pueden utilizar conjuntamente ambos tipos de medidas para reducir el impacto económico de los desastres en los países de América Latina y el Caribe y en el BID. Los autores presentan argumentos a favor de una estrategia equilibrad...

  10. CONTRIBUCIÓN ANTROPOGÉNICA A LOS CAMBIOS GEOMORFOLÓGICOS Y EVOLUCIÓN RECIENTE DE LA COSTA CARIBE COLOMBIANA

    OpenAIRE

    RANGEL BUITRAGO NELSON

    2010-01-01

    La evolución reciente del Caribe colombiano está asociada, entre otras causas, a una marcada influencia antropogénica sobre la morfología litoral. A lo largo de los 30 municipios costeros que conforman esta región, se encuentran áreas intervenidas por el hombre que al mismo tiempo son afectadas por retrocesos significativos en su línea de costa. La tendencia erosiva predominante es influenciada y multiplicada, en muchos de los casos, por una expansión humana desorganizada y los fenómenos que ...

  11. La crisis financiera y su impacto en las asociaciones público privadas (APPs) en América Latine y el Caribe (LAC) y en el mundo

    OpenAIRE

    Hans Schulz

    2009-01-01

    Presentación expuesta durante el seminario "Desarrollo de Infraestructura para un Crecimiento Económico Sostenible. Lecciones Aprendidas de la Experiencia Española", llevado a cabo en Madrid, España, en octubre 2009. El objetivo de esta presentación es ilustrar un marco general de cómo la crisis financiera del 2008, afectó las Alianzas Público Privadas en América Latina, el Caribe, y el resto del mundo en general.

  12. “Agriculturización” y cambios en el paisaje. El banano en el Atlántico/Caribe de Costa Rica (1870-1930)

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Montero Mora; Ronny Viales Hurtado

    2014-01-01

    En Costa Rica el cultivo comercial del banano inició en la década de 1870 en el Atlántico/Caribe costarricense. Su impulso debe comprenderse en el contexto del desarrollo del export led growth, que consolidó un estilo de capitalismo agrario basado en la agriculturización/ganaderización. El presente artículo pretende acercarse a la huella visible que dejó la actividad bananera durante su primer ciclo, pues la plantación a gran escala provocó cambios en el paisaje. Comenzaremos con una sucinta ...

  13. Los seguros agrícolas: Evolución y perspectivas en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Mark D. Wenner

    2005-01-01

    Este documento se centra en el manejo de riesgos de producción agrícola, explica los conceptos fundamentales y analiza los motivos por los que los mercados de seguros han demorado en desarrollarse en América Latina y el Caribe. Asimismo, formula recomendaciones para la creación de mercados sostenibles en contextos de países en desarrollo. En este trabajo, se sostiene que los escasos recursos públicos estarían mejor invertidos en la creación de condiciones de mercado favorables para el desarro...

  14. Identidades en tránsito. Reformulando el Caribe desde España a través de la obra de Gertrudis Rivalta y Brenda Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaide Ramírez, Aurora

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo analiza las obras Soy Cuba y Verano de la artista cubana Gertrudis Rivalta y Soy: un cuerpo tatuado y Fronteras de la puertorriqueña Brenda Cruz, en las que ambas creadoras, que emigraron a España hace casi dos décadas, problematizan acerca de los movimientos migratorios, la raza, la identidad cultural y la ciudadanía en el Caribe hispano, profundizando en nociones como la de “mulata”, “transculturación” y “otredad” desde una perspectiva de género, decolonial y autob...

  15. Diagnóstico de la situación del manejo de residuos sólidos municipales en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Guido Acurio; Antonio Rossin; Paulo Fernando Teixeira; Francisco Zepeda

    1997-01-01

    El capítulo 21 de la Agenda 21 establece las bases para un manejo integral de los residuos sólidos municipales como parte del desarrollo sostenible. Este diagnóstico de la situación del manejo de residuos sólidos municipales en Latinoamérica y el Caribe (ENV.97-107), realizado conjuntamente por el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud, es un primer intento para medir los avances logrados en el continente cinco años despu...

  16. Explorando nuevos caminos de regionalización e integración en América Latina y El Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Allard Neumann, Raúl

    2013-01-01

    El sistema internacional actual presenta oportunidades a América Latina y el Caribe, conglomerado de 33 países que crece con desigualdades y representa una realidad diversa y colectiva. Con experiencias incompletas de integración y una red de acuerdos intrarregionales se aprecia una realidad actual que supera el “regionalismo abierto” y avanza hacia un nuevo regionalismo emergente por la vía de la convergencia de los mecanismos actuales. En este contexto, se promueve un Sistema de Integrac...

  17. Análisis multidimensional del estado de bienestar emergente y la pobreza en América Latina y el Caribe: Puerto Rico como estudio de casos

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán

    2015-01-01

    En las ultimas décadas ha aumentado el interés de los investigadores en analizar diferentes aspectos del Estado de bienestar (EB) emergente en América Latina y el Caribe (ALC). Sin embargo, se le ha dedicado poca atención a analizar el grado de desarrollo de los programas e instituciones del EB en las regiones emergentes. En la tesis doctoral se realizó un análisis multidimensional del desarrollo del EB emergente y la pobreza en la región de ALC; utilizando a Puerto Rico como estudio de caso....

  18. Sindicalismo docente, gobiernos y reformas educativas en América Latina y el Caribe: Condiciones para el diálogo

    OpenAIRE

    Mariano Palamidessi; Martín Legarralde

    2006-01-01

    Este trabajo fue desarrollado entre los meses de julio y septiembre de 2006, como parte de las actividades de la Red de Educación del Diálogo Regional de Política impulsado por el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID). La Red de Educación es un espacio creado para discutir políticas e iniciativas para América Latina y el Caribe por medio del intercambio de ideas y de buenas prácticas, del análisis de problemas comunes y de la revisión de estudios sobre los avances de la política educativa ...

  19. Variación espacial de la comunidad macroinfaunal de praderas de pastos marinos de San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Néstor; Amórtegui Rodríguez Edna Liliana; Polanía Jaime

    2006-01-01

    Se estudió la distribución espacial de la macroinfauna asociada a pastos marinos de las bahías Hooker,
    Honda y Sea Horse de la isla de San Andrés (Caribe colombiano), en época seca. Se tomaron muestras de
    sutrato en tres rangos de profundidad (0-2, 2-5 y >5m) en cada bahía para un total de nueve estaciones. Se compararon las características estructurales de cada estación, encontrando bajas densidades promedio
    (187 ind/m2). Por medio de análisis de clasifica...

  20. Velocidad de descomposición de la hojarasca en diferentes sustratos de manglar en San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Mancera P. José Ernesto; Medina Calderón Jairo; Sierra Rozo Omar Alfonso; Santos-Martínez Adriana

    2007-01-01

    La degradación de la hojarasca de manglar fue estudiada en diferentes sustratos de tres humedales de manglar
    en San Andrés isla, Caribe colombiano. Las tasas de descomposición de Rhizophora mangle (mangle rojo),
    Laguncularia racemosa (mangle blanco) y Avicennia germinans (mangle negro) fueron medidas en bolsas tipo
    malla. Algunas bolsas fueron dispuestas bajo el suelo, otras sumergidas en el agua, y otras sobre la superficie
    del suelo. Dos humedales...

  1. Seguridad y salud en el trabajo en América Latina y el Caribe: Análisis, temas y recomendaciones de política

    OpenAIRE

    Iunes, Roberto F.

    2002-01-01

    En este documento se discute el tema de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo en América Latina y el Caribe. Abordar esta problemática es una tarea sumamente compleja que requiere tratar las responsabilidades que se superponen entre los ministerios de trabajo y salud y entre aseguradores privados e institutos de seguridad social. Requiere también la participación de asociaciones empresariales y sindicatos de trabajadores, negociadores de comercio internacional y expertos en medio ambiente. Ad...

  2. La precarización del mercado de trabajo: análisis desde Europa y América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Sophie BOUTILLER; Beatriz CASTILLA-RAMOS

    2012-01-01

    Se analizan las grandes tendencias internacionales de la evolución del empleo en el periodo de 2000-2010 con base en la información proporcionada por la oit, la cepal y el fmi. El universo de estudio se centra en los países de las regiones de la Unión Europea y América Latina y el Caribe, con especial atención en Francia y México. La hipótesis propuesta es que pese a las grandes diferencias que existen en los niveles de desarrollo de dichas regiones, las modalidades del empleo detectadas en e...

  3. Red GEALC: Cinco Años de Apoyo al e-Gobierno en América Latina y El Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    2010-01-01

    La Red de Líderes de Gobierno Electrónico de América Latina y el Caribe (Red GEALC), es un mecanismo de cooperación sistemática que apoya los procesos de desarrollo institucional y avance del e-gobierno en la región. La Red está conformada por los representantes de las instituciones que trabajan y diseñan políticas para lograr, a través del e-Gobierno, transformar y modernizar la administración pública en sus países.

  4. La violencia en América Latina y el Caribe: Un marco de referencia para la acción

    OpenAIRE

    Mayra Buvinic; Andrew Morrison; Michael Shifter

    1999-01-01

    ¿Qué es lo que gatilla la violencia en América Latina y el Caribe? ¿Qué se puede hacer para controlar la violencia tanto dentro como fuera del hogar? ¿Qué se puede aprender de la experiencia que tiene la región en cuanto a la violencia? Con el fin de ayudar a responder estas interrogantes, este artículo presenta una clasificación de los tipos de violencia, detalla algunos de los principales costos socioeconómicos que resultan de la violencia e identifica los principales factores contribuyente...

  5. La crisis económica y financiera en los países de América Latina y del Caribe. Consecuencias futuras

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez González, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Mucho se ha hablado y escrito sobre la actual crisis económica y financiera que está golpeando tan duramente las economías desarrolladas. Al afectarnos de manera tan compleja y directa, se está prestando escasa atención a sus efectos sobre las economías y el sistema financiero de América Latina y el Caribe. El objeto de este trabajo es el de analizar de qué forma la crisis actual se está manifestando en dicha zona y los posibles efectos futuros sobre su sistema económico y financiero.

  6. Adaptación del arroz riego (Oryza sativa L.) en el Caribe colombiano Adaptation of irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the colombian Caribbean

    OpenAIRE

    Hermes Aramendiz Tatis; Miguel Espitia Camacho; Carlos Cardona Ayala

    2011-01-01

    En Colombia, el arroz ocupa el primer lugar en seguridad alimentaria, valor económico y generación de empleo entre los cultivos anuales, siendo el sistema bajo riego más importante. El objetivo fue determinar el progreso, estabilidad y adaptabilidad del rendimiento de arroz bajo riego, en cinco departamentos del caribe colombiano. Se utilizaron datos del Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, correspondiente a los Departamentos de Córdoba, Bolívar, Magdalena, Cesar y Guajira, durante e...

  7. Presencia de bacterias asociadas a nieve marina en arrecifes influenciados por escorrentía continental del Caribe colombiano: primer acercamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán Alejandro Henao-Castro; Elvira M. Alvarado Ch; Laura C. Rodríguez; Johanna Santamaría

    2015-01-01

    Parte del deterioro de los arrecifes de coral se atribuye al efecto del aporte de agua dulce cargada de nutrientes y sedimentos finos. Estas condiciones favorecen la formación de nieve marina lodosa que transporta gran carga de bacterias que pueden ser patógenos de corales. Por lo anterior, se estudió la presencia de bacterias asociadas a nieve marina lodosa en una zona arrecifal del Caribe colombiano en un gradiente de distancia a la desembocadura del canal del Dique (Cartagena). Por medio d...

  8. Foraminiferos en los sedimentos superficiales del sistema lagunar de Cispatá y la interacción Río Sinú-Mar Caribe Colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    BERNAL FRANCO, GLADYS; Ruiz Ochoa, Mauricio Andrés; Piedrahita, María Teresa; Restrepo, Evanaam

    2008-01-01

    El sistema lagunar de Cispatá es una importante zona de manglar en el Caribe colombiano. Se formó durante la evolución del delta del río Sinú y su dinámica depende del río y el mar. Se hizo un estudio de los foraminíferos bentónicos en los sedimentos superficiales como bioindicadores de la interacción fluviomarina. Se estableció la abundancia de foraminíferos y las asociaciones de especies de la epifauna. Se identificaron 82 especies. Las más abundantes fueron Trochammina inflata, Arenoparrel...

  9. Distribución, abundancia y aspectos biológicos de la almeja Polymesoda solida Phillippi, 1846 (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae) en la Isla De Salamanca, Caribe Colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Jacobo; Hoz María Virginia de la; Campos Néstor

    2006-01-01

    Con el propósito de evaluar el estado actual de la almeja estuarina Polymesoda solida como recurso ecológico y
    pesquero, se estudiaron diversos aspectos de la población en el sector occidental de la isla de Salamanca, en el Caribe colombiano. El muestreo se llevó a cabo mensualmente en cuatro ciénagas interconectadas de este Parque Natural, tres de ellas sometidas a explotación, entre abril y noviembre de 2004. Se estimó la densidad por metro cuadrado y se efectuaron mediciones de ...

  10. Las mujeres en el mercado laboral de América Latina y el Caribe en los años 90: Una década extraordinaria

    OpenAIRE

    Suzanne Duryea; Alejandra Cox Edwards; Manuelita Ureta

    2002-01-01

    En el presente documento se ilustran los diferentes patrones de participación de la mujer en el mercado laboral en países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC), y se investigan los factores determinantes subyacentes de los diferentes patrones. Las autoras examinen los niveles y tendencias en los resultados de los mercados laborales para las mujeres en la década del noventa utilizando encuestas de hogares de 18 países de América Latina, los cuales cubren varios años por país. Los resultados que ...

  11. Una sala de arbitraje de inversión para Suramérica y El Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Duarte LLovera

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available En tiempos de crisis capitalista e inestabilidad global, el nuevo regionalismo alternativo surge tanto como un puente y como un escudo entre los países en desarrollo y la incertidumbre global. Desde la Cumbre de las Américas de 2004, América del Sur ha ido desarrollando una nueva identidad regional, que no encaja en los conceptos actuales de regionalismo en América del norte, Europa o Asia. Este neo regionalismo que representa ALBA, la Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR y la CELAC, refleja las heterogéneas configuraciones económicas, sociales y políticas de las fuerzas sociales y de orden político, que son únicas a nuestro continente. En tal sentido, se requiere una recta ordenación jurídica y la creación de un sistema integral de resolución de controversias que responda a nuestra realidad, sin la injerencia de agentes externos, pues tenemos las capacidades, las fortalezas y los juristas para construir una fuerte y poderosa neo institucionalidad de justicia que en caso de diferencias, permita entregar a este sistema de integración suramericano y sus integrantes una adecuada y eficaz seguridad jurídica, indispensable para seguir avanzando. Como parte integral del mismo se propone la creación de una Sala de Arbitraje y Mediación en materia de inversiones con carácter de permanencia e identidad suramericana y caribeña, para dar respuesta adjetiva y procesal a otras normas de relación internacional aceptadas por los países miembros, para así evitar demandas exageradas ante el CIADI, como el caso Exxon Mobil versus PDVSA.

  12. POBLACIÓN MUNDIAL Y DE AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE: TRANSFORMACIONES Y NUEVOS (DES EQUILIBRIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CELADE CEPAL

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo examina las notables transformaciones demográficas que ha experimentado América Latina y el Caribe en las últimas décadas, sus especificidades y los grandes desafíos que plantean para la adecuación cuantitativa y cualitativa de nuestras sociedades, sus instituciones y las respuestas de política que demandan. En 2011, la región representaba el 8,6% de la población mundial; a partir de 2015, la fecundidad regional se ubicará por debajo del nivel de reemplazo, el crecimiento de su población será inferior al promedio mundial y su peso relativo en el total disminuirá hasta un 6,8% en 2100. Actualmente, la región está experimentando los beneficios de una estructura por edad abundante en adultos jóvenes, la que puede proporcionar un gran impulso a las economías emergentes latinoamericanas en el mediano plazo si se refuerza con políticas sostenidas de incremento del capital humano y la productividad. El Brasil, por ejemplo, podría convertirse en 2050 en la cuarta economía mundial y México en la séptima. Entre tanto, el proceso de urbanización continúa, pero con cierta estabilización que puede aprovecharse para proyectar escenarios de localización a largo plazo y encarar los déficits históricos que dejó el patrón de asentamiento preponderante en el siglo XX.

  13. Capacidad solubilizadora de fosfatos de microorganismos rizosféricos asociados a dos manglares del Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galindo Castañeda Tania

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se caracterizaron 28 aislamientos de microorganismos solubilizadores de fosfatos (MSF encontrados en
    rizósferas de Avicennia germinans y Rhizophora mangle en dos manglares del Caribe colombiano, uno ubicado en la
    isla de San Andrés y otro en cercanías al municipio de Barú. De estos aislamientos se eligieron 17, con el fin
    medir su eficiencia fosfatosolubilizadora in vitro. Los aislamientos más eficientes fueron HSF9 (283,1 mg*L-1
    correspondiente al hongo filamentoso Aspergillus niger, y dos especies bacterianas aún no determinadas, denominadas BR4 y SA4(3 (190 y 226 mg*L-1*24h-1 respectivamente. Mediante caracteres fisiológicos se determinó que los aislamientos bacterianos B1 y B2, corresponden a los géneros Aeromicrobium y Aquaspirillum respectivamente, y que HSF2, SR2(1 y BL1 corresponden a la levadura Debaryomyces cf. hansenii. Se encontró una relación linear inversa entre el pH y el fosfato solubilizado in vitro (r2=0,7. Los valores medidos de actividad solubilizadora indican un excedente de fosfatos para al menos ocho aislamentos según datos de crecimiento (incremento de biomasa para hongos filamentosos y número de células*mL-1*24h-1 para bacterias y levaduras. Esto eventualmente puede ser aprovechado por plántulas de mangle, lo que sugiere que la presencia de MSF es un mecanismo presente en el ecosistema para suplir deficiencias edáficas de fosfatos.

  14. Peces arrecifales de la región de santa marta (Caribe colombiano. I. lista de especies y comentarios generales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garzón F. Jaime

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Santa Marta region (El Rodadero to Guachaquita,
    Departamento del Magdalena (Colombian Caribbean, 372 fish species have been found. A list of species is presented and the most important oceanographic and ecologic characteristics of the region are discussed. It is expected that the total number of fish species living in the continental shelf of the departamento is above 600. After comparing the list of Santa Marta fishes with those from three other regions of the tropical western Atlantic, largest differences were found with St. Croix. Due to the biological richness of the Santa Marta region, a considerable marine area was included in the Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona. It is necessary to implement a policy of rational management of the park.En la región de Santa Marta (El Rodadero hasta Guachaquita,
    Departamento del Magdalena (Caribe colombiano, se han encontrado 372 especies de peces que se relacionan más o menos estrechamente con los fondos duros. Se presenta la lista de especies y se comentan las características oceanográficas y ecológicas más importantes de la
    región. Se espera que en la totalidad de la plataforma continental del departamento el número de especies sobrepase las 600. Al comparar la lista de especies samarias con las de tres regiones del Atlántico occidental tropical se encontraron las mayores diferencias con StoCroix.
    Debido a la riqueza biológica de la región, un área marina importante fue incluida en el Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona; en la actualidad se hace necesario desarrollar una politica de manejo racional para este parque.

  15. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project in Colorado: Colorado state fiscal year 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year 1993 (July 1, 1992, through June 30, 1993). To capture employment benefits, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Rifle, and Gunnison, Colorado. An estimated 52 percent of the employees working on the UMTRA Project responded to this information request. Economic data were requested from each site prime subcontractor, as well as from the Remedial Action Contractor. The most significant benefits associated with the UMTRA Project in Colorado are summarized

  16. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action project in Colorado: Colorado state fiscal year 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year (FY) 1995 (1 July 1994 through 30 June 1995). To capture employment information, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Gunnison, Maybell, Naturita, Rifle, and Slick Rock, Colorado. Economic data were requested from the Remedial Action Contractor (RAC), the Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) and the US Department of Energy (DOE). The most significant benefits associated with the UMTRA Project in Colorado are summarized

  17. Bibliografía sobre comercio marítimo, contrabando y piratería en las Antillas y el Caribe (artículos, ponencias y tesis desde 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Yunta, Luis

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Recopilación bibliográfica sobre comercio marítimo, contrabando y piratería en las Antillas y el Caribe, realizada sobre la base de la información disponible en las bases de datos América Latina (CSIC e Historical Abstract.

  18. El Movimiento pro-Regionalismos Alternativos frente a la Nueva Relación Estratégica América Latina, Caribe - Unión Europea. Reflexiones desde una perspectiva de género

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.A. Icaza Garza (Rosalba)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractIntroducción: El 11 de Mayo del 2006, en el marco de la 4ª. Cumbre de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de América Latina, el Caribe y la Unión Europea (ALCUE) los y las representantes oficiales posaron para la tradicional foto del recuerdo.1 Instantes previos al fin de esta actividad, Evang

  19. Repensar el Caribe desde los Estudios Culturales: Literatura, Nación, Racialidad y Género en Donnete Francis, April Shemak y Rosamond King

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo José Cabarcas Ortega

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde los estudios literarios y culturales, estas autoras se unen a un creciente número de expertas interesadas en analizar el impacto de las dinámicas neoliberales en los aspectos étnicos, sexuales y de género en el Caribe, ya sea en el archipiélago o en sus bordes continentales. Respecto a este análisis se pueden afirmar, por lo menos, dos rasgos relevantes: el primero es la importancia otorgada a las nuevas diásporas y su efecto en la actualidad; el segundo es la necesidad de ampliar el archivo literario mediante la integración de la música, la fotografía y el performance al proceso tradicional de hermenéutica. Así, al plantearse formas más incluyentes de interpretación, la crítica busca superar lugares comunes ya desgastados por el excesivo uso y sintonizarse con las inquietudes de creadoras y creadores jóvenes respecto a las realidades de la migración y su influjo en el actual redimensionamiento político del cuerpo. En esa medida, April Shemak, Donnete Francis y Rosamond King y otras escritoras problematizan la idea de un Caribe de puro contacto y difusión.

  20. LA REGIÓN HISTÓRICA MARGARITEÑA Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA CONFORMACIÓN DE REDES COMERCIALES EN EL CARIBE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonezka Rondón

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este ensayo es analizar la influencia de la Región Histórica margariteña en la conformación de redes comerciales en el Caribe a partir del eje político y económico: La Asunción- Pampatar como resultado de la actividad agropecuaria y del intercambio comercial que mantuvo tanto con Tierra Firme como con las Antillas y Europa. Asimismo, se analiza y el crecimiento de un comercio ilícito que se tejió alrededor de la actividad perlera y el tráfico negrero desde el siglo XVI hasta el XVIII. Se desarrolla con esta investigación el estudio de las interrelaciones de la Isla de Margarita con los espacios vecinos y sus ciudades tal como es el caso del eje La Guaira-Caracas, Guayana, Barcelona, Cumaná, Trinidad-Puerto España, Puerto Rico y Santo Domingo lo cual produjo redes comerciales caribeñas de gran importancia y significación.

  1. Análisis de la capacidad de servicio de mantenimiento de la cadena TRD Caribe Sancti Spíritus usando la simulación.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Hung Varela

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available La investigación, tiene su origen en la necesidad de conocer, si la unidad de servicio de mantenimiento en la Cadena TRD Caribe Sancti Spíritus, es capaz de satisfacer o no las demandas de la Cadena, ya que se presenta una tendencia al crecimiento en la demanda, así como en las quejas por parte de los clientes que aseveraban largas esperas para ser servidos. Se definió el procedimiento para la simulación por eventos discretos a utilizar (Barceló Bugeda, 1996. Se definieron las fronteras del sistema, se construyó el modelo matemático para el sistema objeto de estudio y se programó en el software especializado Promodel 4.0. Para la simulación del modelo matemático, se recopiló información a través de técnicas como el muestreo aleatorio. El modelo fue verificado y validado (Barceló Bugeda, 1996; Aracil Santonja, 1995. Se simuló el modelo, haciendo uso del método de los lotes. Se procesaron los resultados de la simulación, y se concluyó que la unidad de servicio de mantenimiento no dispone de capacidad suficiente bajo las condiciones actuales para satisfacer las demandas de la cadena TRD Caribe en el territorio de Sancti Spíritus.

  2. Presencia de bacterias asociadas a nieve marina en arrecifes influenciados por escorrentía continental del Caribe colombiano: primer acercamiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Alejandro Henao-Castro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Parte del deterioro de los arrecifes de coral se atribuye al efecto del aporte de agua dulce cargada de nutrientes y sedimentos finos. Estas condiciones favorecen la formación de nieve marina lodosa que transporta gran carga de bacterias que pueden ser patógenos de corales. Por lo anterior, se estudió la presencia de bacterias asociadas a nieve marina lodosa en una zona arrecifal del Caribe colombiano en un gradiente de distancia a la desembocadura del canal del Dique (Cartagena. Por medio de técnicas moleculares PCR-DGGE, se registró baja riqueza, con bandas representativas de siete bacterias diferentes. El número de especies varió según el sitio, pero no hubo relación con la cercanía a la fuente de escorrentía. Como estudio pionero, sirve como punto de partida para estudios en arrecifes del Caribe colombiano impactados por escorrentía.

  3. Colorado Fathers' Resource Guide = Guia de Recursos para los Padres en Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado Foundation for Families and Children, Denver.

    Developed through the Colorado Fatherhood Connection, this guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides suggestions and resources for fathers as well as tips on discipline, communication, and activities fathers can do with their children. Topics addressed in the guide include characteristics of responsible fatherhood, characteristics…

  4. Cancer incidence study in Mesa County, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In November of 1982 the Colorado Department of Health completed an epidemiologic investigation of leukemia, multiple myeloma, and cancers of the lung, stomach, pancreas and colon in Mesa County, Colorado for the years 1970 to 1979. This investigation was performed in response to a concern that the presence of uranium mill tailings in some Mesa County homes presents a potential cancer hazard. The results of the investigation show that the incidence of multiple myeloma, colon, stomach and pancreatic cancer are not above expected rates. The incidence of leukemia is not above expected rates for the entire study period, 1970 to 1979. The incidence of lung cancer appears elevated when compared to the The Third National Cancer Survey data for Colorado but lower than expected when compared to Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results data. To further examine the leukemia and lung cancer incidence findings, a case/control study was conducted. The controls consisted of colon, stomach and pancreatic cancer cases. The results of the leukemia case/control analysis show no association with the radiation exposure variables: occupational radiation exposure; uranium mining exposure; having ever lived in a type A home (uranium tailings home); and radiation therapy. The lung cancer case/control analysis shows a significant association with only the radiation exposure variable, uranium mining history, indicating cases were more likely to have been uranium miners than were controls. As with leukemia, the study found no association between lung cancer and living in a uranium mill tailings home. The relatively low radiation exposures typical of type A homes and the small number of persons exposed make it very difficult to establish, by epidemiologic methods, that a risk exists

  5. Development of industrial minerals in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbogast, Belinda F.; Knepper, Daniel H.; Langer, William H.; Cappa, James A.; Keller, John W.; Widmann, Beth L.; Ellefsen, Karl J.; Klein, Terry L.; Lucius, Jeffrey E.; Dersch, John S.

    2011-01-01

    Technology and engineering have helped make mining safer and cleaner for both humans and the environment. Inevitably, mineral development entails costs as well as benefits. Developing a mine is an environmental, engineering, and planning challenge that must conform to many Federal, State, and local regulations. Community collaboration, creative design, and best management practices of sustainability and biodiversity can be positive indicators for the mining industry. A better understanding of aesthetics, culture, economics, geology, climate, vegetation and wildlife, topography, historical significance, and regional land planning is important in resolving land-use issues and managing mineral resources wisely. Ultimately, the consuming public makes choices about product use (including water, food, highways, housing, and thousands of other items) that influence operations of the mineral industry. Land planners, resource managers, earth scientists, designers, and public groups have a responsibility to consider sound scientific information, society's needs, and community appeals in making smart decisions concerning resource use and how complex landscapes should change. An effort to provide comprehensive geosciences data for land management agencies in central Colorado was undertaken in 2003 by scientists of the U.S. Geological Survey and the Colorado Geological Survey. This effort, the Central Colorado Assessment Project, addressed a variety of land-use issues: an understanding of the availability of industrial and metallic rocks and minerals, the geochemical and environmental effects of historic mining activity on surface water and groundwater, and the geologic controls on the availability and quality of groundwater. The USDA Forest Service and other land management agencies have the opportunity to contribute to the sustainable management of natural aggregate and other mineral resources through the identification and selective development of mineral resources and the

  6. 77 FR 15093 - Public Service Company of Colorado;

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Public Service Company of Colorado; Notice of Application Tendered for... Public Service Company of Colorado. e. Name of Project: Cabin Creek Pumped Storage Project. f....

  7. Extensive Green Roof Research Program at Colorado State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    In the high elevation, semi-arid climate of Colorado, green roofs have not been scientifically tested. This research examined alternative plant species, media blends, and plant interactions on an existing modular extensive green roof in Denver, Colorado. Six plant species were ev...

  8. 77 FR 21803 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Creek East Tract described below in Gunnison County, Colorado, will be offered for competitive lease by... lease sale will be held at 10 a.m., May 15, 2012. The sealed bid must be submitted on or before 10...

  9. Parasitism and body condition in humpback chub from the Colorado and Little Colorado Rivers, Grand Canyon, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffnagle, T.; Choudhury, Anindo; Cole, R.A.

    2006-01-01

    Glen Canyon Dam has greatly altered the Colorado River in Grand Canyon. The Little Colorado River (LCR) provides a small refuge of seasonally warm and turbid water that is thought to be more suitable than the Colorado River for endangered humpback chub Gila cypha. However, the LCR has low productivity and contains nonnative fishes and parasites, which pose a threat to humpback chub. The Colorado River hosts a different suite of nonnative fishes and is cold and clear but more productive. We compared condition factor (K), abdominal fat index (AFI), and presence and number of two introduced pathogenic parasites (Lernaea cyprinacea and Bothriocephalus acheilognathi) between juvenile (parasitism and poorer body condition in humpback chub from the LCR challenge the paradigm that warmer LCR waters are more suitable for humpback chub than the colder Colorado River and indicate the need to consider the importance and benefits of all available habitats, as well as biotic and abiotic factors, when managing endangered species and their environment.

  10. Epidemiologic characterization of Colorado backyard bird flocks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Emily I; Reif, John S; Hill, Ashley E; Slota, Katharine E; Miller, Ryan S; Bjork, Kathe E; Pabilonia, Kristy L

    2012-06-01

    Backyard gallinaceous bird flocks may play an important role in the spread of infectious diseases within poultry populations as well as the transmission of zoonotic diseases to humans. An epidemiologic characterization was conducted of Colorado backyard flocks to gather information on general flock characteristics, human movement of birds, human-bird interaction, biosecurity practices, and flock health. Our results suggest that backyard poultry flocks in Colorado are small-sized flocks (68.6% of flocks had production for the family (86.44%) or as pet or hobby birds (42.27%). The backyard flock environment may promote bird-to-bird transmission as well as bird-to-human transmission of infectious disease. Birds are primarily housed with free access to the outside (96.85%), and many are moved from the home premises (46.06% within 1 yr). Human contact with backyard flocks is high, biosecurity practices are minimal, and bird health is negatively impacted by increased movement events. Increased knowledge of backyard bird characteristics and associated management practices can provide guidelines for the development of measures to decrease disease transmission between bird populations, decrease disease transmission from birds to humans, and increase the overall health of backyard birds. PMID:22856180

  11. Mejoramiento genético del frijol rojo y negro mesoamericano para Centroamérica y El Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan C. Rosas

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La producción de frijol en Centroamérica es llevada a cabo mayormente en laderas de suelos marginales, limitada por diversos factores bióticos y abióticos. Más de 350,000 t de este grano se producen en cerca de 0,5 millones de hectáreas, con rendimientos promedios de 678 kg/ha. La mayoría de los productores de frijol utilizan bajos insumos y muy pocas fincas están mecanizadas. El autoconsumo es alto; sin embargo, una alta proporción de este grano es comprado por intermediarios. En Honduras, el frijol es el sétimo cultivo en valor económico y es el de mayor rentabilidad entre el maíz, arroz y sorgo. Las dos clases comerciales más importantes en Centroamérica son el frijol rojo y negro pequeños (raza Mesoamérica. El mejoramiento de estos tipos de frijol se ha enfocado en el desarrollo de resistencia a enfermedades (mosaico común, mosaico dorado, antracnosis, mancha angular, roya, mustia hilachosa y bacteriosis común e insectos (principalmente picudo de la vaina; y tolerancia a baja fertilidad, sequía y calor. Programas adecuados de hibridación, evaluación y selección son usados para el desarrollo de cultivares con resistencia múltiple, alto rendimiento, buena adaptación y aceptación comercial. La ampliación de la base genética se obtiene usando fuentes de germoplasma Andino y Mesoamericano en la etapa de hibridación. La selección simultánea por varios caracteres y pruebas multilocalidades son utilizadas. Los viveros y ensayos de adaptación y rendimiento de líneas avanzadas son distribuídos a países de Centroamérica, México, y El Caribe. Las pruebas y validaciones en fincas y la liberación de variedades, son efectuadas por los programas nacionales de frijol de los países miembros de PROFRIJOL, en colaboración con el Zamorano, CIAT y el Bean/Cowpea CRSP

  12. HERPETOFAUNA DE NEGUANJE, PARQUE NACIONAL NATURAL TAIRONA, CARIBE COLOMBIANO HERPETOFAUNA OF NEGUANJE, TAIRONA NATIONAL NATURAL PARK , COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUÍS ALBERTO RUEDA-SOLANO

    Full Text Available La herpetofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Tairona (Sector Neguanje fue estudiada durante 30 días entre los meses de septiembre y octubre del 2004 por medio del método de registros de encuentros visuales, la búsqueda activa y la disposición de barreras de intercepción con trampas de caída. Se registraron 44 especies, 11 de anfibios y 33 de reptiles, distribuidas en 18 familias y 37 géneros. Las curvas de acumulación de especie mostraron que aproximadamente 20 días son suficientes para registrar todas las especies de lagartos para el sitio; una situación diferente fue observada para las especies de ranas y serpientes. El lagarto Lepidoblepharis sanctaemartae fue la especie con mayor abundancia relativa registrada en el sector, lo que implica un gran potencial para su protección. Se amplía la distribución local de la especie Colostethus ruthveni, reportada para otros sitios de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta desde su descripción en 1997. Finalmente, este estudio revela que la herpetofauna del sector de Neguanje representa el 33 % del número total de especies registradas para la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, lo que posiciona a esta zona como una de las más representativas en cuanto a biodiversidad en el Caribe Colombiano.The Herpetofauna of the Tairona National Natural Park (Neguanje sector was studied during 30 days between September and October 2004 by means of the visual records method, an active search and the arrangement of barriers with pitfall traps interception. 44 species (11 of amphibians and 33 of reptiles, distributed in 18 families and 37 genera, were registered. The species accumulation curves showed that approximately 20 days are sufficient to record all species of lizards, but not for the species of frogs and snakes. The lizard Lepidoblepharis sanctaemartae was the most abundant species recorded on the sector, which implies a potential advantage to assure its protection. The local distribution of the Colostethus

  13. Conocimientos, creencias y prácticas de los adolescentes de la cultura Caribe en anticoncepción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Lapeira Panneflex

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La tasa global de fecundidad en Colombia ha disminuido y el uso de los métodos anticonceptivos (MAC ha aumentado; sin embargo el inicio temprano de las relaciones sexuales cuando aún no se tienen los conocimientos necesarios que faciliten la sexualidad segura, induce al uso ineficaz con pérdida del potencial anticonceptivo. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte trasversal realizado con 64 adolescentes de un barrio de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia, utilizando para ello un instrumento compuesto por tres dominios relacionados con conocimientos,  creencias y prácticas  sobre MAC.  Resultados: La edad media de los adolescentes fue de 16 años. El 65,6% conoce los MAC aunque únicamente 54,7% dice usarlos. El 71,9% piensan que las personas que usan los MAC son responsables e informadas. El 48,8% piensan que usar anticonceptivos tiene unos efectos secundarios como gordura y esterilidad. El método preferido es el preservativo y la decisión de utilizarlo la toma el hombre, y el inicio de las relaciones sexuales ocurre hoy a una edad muy temprana, hecho atribuido a la influencia cultural. Discusión: Los resultados de este estudio guardan relación con investigaciones realizados a nivel nacional e internacional, demuestran que el desconocimiento y las actitudes negativas sobre anticonceptivos son obstáculo para su uso. Conclusiones: Todos los participantes sustentaron conocimientos en anticonceptivos, existiendo vacíos en ese conocimiento y/o creencias sobre efectos secundarios que inciden negativamente en su uso: se les atribuye ocasionar aumento de peso esterilidad. El método más utilizado por los adolescentes es el preservativo. Cómo citar este artículo: Lapeira P, Acosta D, Vásquez M. Conocimientos, creencias  y prácticas de los adolescentes de la cultura Caribe en anticoncepción. Rev Cuid. 2016; 7(1: 1204-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v7i1.243

  14. Calidad de vida del cuidador familiar del enfermo mental diagnosticado en el instituto de neurociencias del Caribe Santa Marta 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Cecilia Gonzalez Noguera

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa presenta investigación tiene, por objetivo, describir la calidad de vida de cuidadores familiares de enfermos mentales que asistieron al Instituto Neurociencias del Caribe en el área de hospitalización y consulta externa, durante los meses de junio - septiembre 2009 representando un total de 120. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo cuantitativo de corte transversal, el análisis se basó en responder la pregunta, ¿Cómo es la calidad de vida del familiar cuidador del enfermo mental?, para dar respuesta se aplicó el instrumento propuesto por Betty Ferrell y colaboradores, descrito como instrumento para medir la calidad de vida en su versión familiar (quality of life family version (QOL, el cual la define y operacionaliza en los bienestares físico, psicológico, social y espiritual. Los hallazgos permitieron evidenciar como las acciones de cuidado que efectúan los cuidadores familiares tienen impacto nocivo en su calidad de vida, estableciendo un significativo deterioro en los bienestares físico y social, en menor grado el bienestar psicológico y con un potencial explicativo que concluye con un bienestar espiritual, que no mostró afectación. (DUAZARY 2010, 191 - 198AbstractThe main objective of this investigation is to describe the quality of life of the mental patients’ family caregivers that attended the Neuroscience Institute of the Caribbean in the Hospitalization and external consultation area, during the months of June through September 2009 representing a total of 120. It is about a quantitative descriptive study of cross section, the analysis was based on answering the question, how is the quality of life of the mental patient’s family caregiver?, to answer it was applied the instrument proposed by Betty Ferrell and collaborators, described as instrument to measure the quality of life in its family version (quality of life family version (QOL, which defines it and makes it operational in the physical, psychological

  15. DISEÑO DE UN SISTEMA DE GESTIÓN DE LA CALIDAD EN EL PROCESO DE ALOJAMIENTO EN EL HOTEL “GRAN CARIBE VILLA TORTUGA” / DESIGN OF A QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE PROCESS OF ACCOMMODATION IN "GRAN CARIBE VILLA TORTUGA” HOTEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilet Cazañas-Rivero

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Teniendo en cuenta el desarrollo de la industria turística y la necesidad de la excelencia competitiva, se concibe este trabajo en el Hotel “Gran Caribe Villa Tortuga” con el objetivo central de diseñar un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad que permita la mejora del proceso de Alojamiento en este Hotel. Después de un diagnóstico inicial se demostró la necesidad de realizar cambios significativos en la instalación, donde existen dificultades en cuanto a la gestión de la calidad adecuada a las características del Hotel, en el cual no se toman acciones que permitan resolver dichas deficiencias. Se elaboró un procedimiento para el diseño del Sistema de gestión de la Calidad en el Hotel “Gran Caribe Villa Tortuga”. El diseño del Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad en el área de Alojamiento brinda a la dirección del Hotel el estado actual de la calidad de los servicios en esta área, mediante la aplicación de las técnicas utilizadas y ofrece las estrategias a seguir para lograr un mejor servicio.

    Abstract

    Taking into account the development of the tourist industry and the necessity of the competitive excellence it is conceived this work in the “Gran Caribe Villa Tortuga” Hotel, focusing in the design of a Quality Management System that allows the improvement of the process of Accommodation in this Hotel. After an initial diagnosis, it was demonstrated the necessity of carrying out significant changes in the facilities. There are some difficulties regarding quality management suited to the characteristics of the Hotel in which actions that allow solving these deficiencies are not carried out. It was elaborated a procedure for the design of the Quality Management System in the “Gran Caribe Villa Tortuga” Hotel. The design of the Quality Management System in the Accommodation area provides the Hotel management with the current state of service quality in this area by means of the

  16. DISEÑO DE UN SISTEMA DE GESTIÓN DE LA CALIDAD EN EL PROCESO DE ALOJAMIENTO EN EL HOTEL “GRAN CARIBE VILLA TORTUGA” / DESIGN OF A QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE PROCESS OF ACCOMMODATION IN "GRAN CARIBE VILLA TORTUGA” HOTEL

    OpenAIRE

    Marilet Cazañas-Rivero; Aleida González-González; María de los Ángeles González-Solá

    2011-01-01

    Teniendo en cuenta el desarrollo de la industria turística y la necesidad de la excelencia competitiva, se concibe este trabajo en el Hotel “Gran Caribe Villa Tortuga” con el objetivo central de diseñar un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad que permita la mejora del proceso de Alojamiento en este Hotel. Después de un diagnóstico inicial se demostró la necesidad de realizar cambios significativos en la instalación, donde existen dificultades en cuanto a la gestión de la calidad adecuada...

  17. Composition and Trends of Short-Lived Trace Gases in the UT/LS over Europe Observed by the CARIBIC Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.; Oram, D. E.; O'Sullivan, D. A.; Slemr, F.; Schuck, T. J.

    2009-12-01

    The CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) involves the monthly deployment of an instrument container equipped to make atmospheric measurements from aboard a commercial airliner, and has operated since 2005 from aboard a Lufthansa Airbus 340-600 . Measurements from the container include in-situ trace gas and aerosol analyses and the collection of aerosol and whole air samples for post-flight laboratory analysis. Measurements made from the sampling flasks include greenhouse gas (GHG), halocarbon and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) analysis. CARIBIC flights originate in Frankfurt, Germany with routes to India, East Asia, South America, North America and Africa, and typical aircraft cruising altitudes of 10-12km allow for the monitoring of the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UT/LS) along these routes. Data collected during the aircraft’s departure from and return to Frankfurt provide a 4 year time series of near-monthly measurements of the composition of the UT/LS above Europe. Here we present a discussion of the composition of short-lived trace gases in the whole air samples collected above Europe during CARIBIC flights. Over 150 air samples were collected between May 2005 and July 2009, or about 4 samples per month. Of the whole air samples collected, about 45% showed influence by stratospheric air (i.e. very low values of GHG, NMHC and halocarbons, elevated O3, high potential vorticity). The remaining samples were representative of the upper troposphere; back trajectories for these samples indicate that a little over half were collected in air masses that had been in the boundary layer within the previous 8 days. The predominant source regions for these samples were the Gulf of Mexico and continental North America. Owing to their wide range of chemical lifetimes and the varying composition of emissions, short-lived trace gases transported to the UT/LS can be useful indicators of source

  18. Estimates of methane emissions from India using CH4-CO-C2H6 relationships from CARIBIC observations in monsoon convective outflow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Rauthe-Schöch, A.; Schuck, T. J.; van Velthoven, P. F.; Slemr, F.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.

    2010-12-01

    A large fraction of methane sources are anthropogenic, and include fossil fuel use, biomass/biofuel burning, agriculture and waste treatment. Recently, much attention regarding emissions of greenhouse gases has focused on large, developing nations, as their emissions are expected to rise rapidly over the coming decades. As the second most populous country in the world, and one of the fastest growing economies, India has been of particular interest. Arguably the most important feature of meteorology in India is the Asian summer monsoon. During the monsoon period there exists persistent deep convection over Southern Asia, and the composition of convected air masses is strongly influenced by emissions from India. This ultimately results in a well-mixed air parcel containing air from India being transported to the upper troposphere. Over the course of the 2008 monsoon period the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) passenger aircraft conducted monthly measurement flights which probed this outflow. Data collected during these flights provides a unique opportunity to examine sources of atmospheric species in India. Here we use measurements of methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO) and ethane (C2H6) from whole air samples collected during CARIBIC flights to estimate emissions of methane and to quantify those emissions related to flooding during the monsoon. Methane data from the monsoon period show enhancements inside the monsoon plume, which increase as the monsoon progresses. Using emission data for CO and ΔCH4/ΔCO derived from CARIBIC measurements, we estimate total methane emissions to be ~40 Tg yr-1. Relationships of methane to ethane, which shares the bulk of its sources with methane but lacks a biological component, are further used to estimate the fraction of “extra” emissions from biological activity related to increased monsoon rains. This additional methane is a considerable fraction of

  19. Democracia, migraciones globales y gobernabilidad en América Latina y el Caribe: perspectivas y retos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Agustín Millán Muñoz

    Full Text Available Las migraciones humanas, a comienzos del siglo XXI son cualitativamente distintas de las precedentes que han habido, gracias a las revoluciones tecnológicas, en especial, la de las comunicaciones, las cuales, están modificando sustancialmente los elementos de relación política, jurídica, social y cultural de esos colectivos y sus inserciones, tanto en la sociedad receptora como la de origen, en especial en ámbitos vitales como los del trabajos, identidad social, producción de capitales y transferencia de conocimientos, dentro de lo que se ha denominado globalización. Estos impactos son de extrema importancia en América latina y el Caribe puesto que las sociedades de esta región tradicionalmente ha sido promotora de emigrantes, en especial, hacia los estados Unidos y en fecha reciente a otras zonas del planeta. Permitiendo el surgimiento de una forma social nuevo de bicolectivos dentro de una nueva geopolítica de la ingencia humana, que esta planteando nuevos derechos que implican un reto al Derecho Internacional, que patentizan las insuficiencias del estado- nación para hacer justicia a esos nuevos conjuntos de seres humanos implicados por el fenómeno de la migración dentro del contexto de la globalización y su marco democrático. Sin embargo, hay señales bien significativos que indican que la democracia no está bien preparada para lo que está implicando con esas transformaciones que plantean las migraciones en el plano de la globalización que reporta la revolución tecnológica, pues ya la democracia es una forma de vida más que de gobierno. Por estas razones, deseamos explorar, con este escrito, esas relaciones en el contexto globalizado en América latina y el Caribe, destacando que resulta sumamente perturbador para la justicia de las relaciones internacionales y para la concordia de las relaciones. 160 internacionales y gobernabilidad entre las naciones, el reducir las mismas a un paradigma de seguridad nacional, de pol

  20. BUFFALO PEAKS WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, COLORADO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedlund, D.C.; Wood, R.H.

    1984-01-01

    Field investigations were conducted to evaluate the mineral-resource potential of the Buffalo Peaks Wilderness Study Area, Colorado. On the basis of this study there is a probable mineral-resource potential for silver vein and bedding replacement deposits along the Weston Pass fault zone, for hydrothermal vein-type uranium deposits in the vicinity of the Parkdale iron pit, and for gold vein deposits in the parts of the Granite and Four Mile districts that are within the wilderness study area. A probable barite resource potential occurs at Rough and Tumbling Creek and near Spring Creek on the east side of the study area. There is little promise for the occurrence of energy resources.

  1. Ponnequin Wind Energy Project Weld County, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The purpose of this environmental assessment (EA) is to provide the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with the development of the Ponnequin Wind Energy Project in Colorado. This EA and public comments received on it will be used in DOE`s deliberations on whether to release funding for the project. This document provides a detailed description of the proposed project and an assessment of potential impacts associated with its construction and operations. Resources and conditions considered in the analysis include streams; wetlands; floodplains; water quality; soils; vegetation; air quality; socioeconomic conditions; energy resources; noise; transportation; cultural resources; visual and land use resources; public health and safety; wildlife; threatened, endangered, and candidate species; and cumulative impacts. The analysis found that the project would have minimal impacts on these resources and conditions, and would not create impacts that exceed the significance criteria defined in this document. 90 refs., 5 figs.

  2. Environmental geology of the Summitville mine, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, John E.; Coolbaugh, Mark F.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Atkinson, William W.

    1994-01-01

    Although altered and mineralized rocks at Summitville mine in Colorado contain minimal amount of sulfide minerals, acid mine problems existed primarily because of the pervasive alteration of the surrounding rocks, through hydrothermal process, to highly siliceous and argillized rocks that are incapable of buffering acidic waters during weathering. The problems are compounded by the continued exposure of altered and mineralized rocks in open pit, heap leach pad and waste piles to oxygenated waters. Inadequate subsurface structural control and underground mine workings also greatly affect water quality and the location of acid mine drainage output. It is expected that with these initial results, geological studies on constrained acid-generation from ore and altered rocks will be pursued.

  3. Dike rocks of the Apishapa Quadrangle, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Whitman

    1915-01-01

    The Apishapa quadrangle, the geographic relations of which are shown by Plate IV, is situated on the plains south of Arkansas River, in Colorado, about 24 miles east of the mountain front. The geology of the Pueblo, Walsenburg, Spanish Peaks, and Elmoro quadrangles, adjoining it on the northwest, west, southwest, and south, respectively, has been described in folios of the Geologic Atlas. G. K. Gilbert, assisted by F. P. Gulliver and G. W. Stose, took up the survey of the Apishapa area in 1894. The Apishapa folio was completed by Stose and was issued in 1913. The rocks to be described in this paper were collected by Gilbert and his assistants, the present writer never having visited the area. The following description of the occurrence of the has been kindly furnished by Mr. Stose.

  4. ¿Países de renta media? Una taxonomía alternativa del desarrollo de América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Tezanos Vázquez, Sergio; Quiñones Montellano, Ainoa

    2012-01-01

    RESUMEN. Aunque no es fácil clasificar a los países en función de sus niveles de desarrollo —principalmente porque el concepto de «desarrollo humano» es complejo y multidimensional—, la clasificación más extendida es precisamente la más sencilla, basada en la renta per cápita. De acuerdo con esta clasificación, la mayoría de los países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) se ubican en el estrato medio de la renta mundial. En este artículo proponemos una «taxonomía del desarrollo» alternativa p...

  5. El rol de la educación superior para el desarrollo humano y social en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Didriksson, Axel

    2008-01-01

    La primera parte del artículo analiza la necesidad de alcanzar un desarrollo humano y social con sustentabilidad en América Latina y el Caribe en el contexto de la globalización, además de las implicaciones de la globalización y sus efectos sobre la educación superior. El artículo plantea que la educación superior es vital para alcanzar el desarrollo humano con sustentabilidad en la región, como mecanismo de igualdad y de justicia y de modernización. Además, analiza los desafíos de las unive...

  6. La cátedra de estudios afrocolombianos: una posibilidad de descolonización del lenguaje en el Caribe seco colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernell Villa

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se hace un reconocimiento a las apuestas que se desarrollan en una zona silenciada dentro de una región excluida. El Caribe seco es un lugar de la geografía colombiana donde las comunidades negras vienen desarrollando diferentes acciones para afirmar la vida desde la descolonización. El texto aborda el sentido pedagógico de la Cátedra de Estudios Afrocolombianos, a partir de prácticas culturales devaluadas. Inicialmente se hace una contextualización histórica, territorial, jurídica, educativa y organizativa, para insistir luego sobre la necesidad de generar una política de producción cultural desde las realidades de las comunidades negras.

  7. CONTRIBUCIÓN ANTROPOGÉNICA A LOS CAMBIOS GEOMORFOLÓGICOS Y EVOLUCIÓN RECIENTE DE LA COSTA CARIBE COLOMBIANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RANGEL BUITRAGO NELSON

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La evolución reciente del Caribe colombiano está asociada, entre otras causas, a una marcada influencia antropogénica sobre la morfología litoral. A lo largo de los 30 municipios costeros que conforman esta región, se encuentran áreas intervenidas por el hombre que al mismo tiempo son afectadas por retrocesos significativos en su línea de costa. La tendencia erosiva predominante es influenciada y multiplicada, en muchos de los casos, por una expansión humana desorganizada y los fenómenos que ésta trae consigo. Un análisis general en algunas áreas permitió identificar acciones realizadas por el hombre, su influencia e sus impactos negativos sobre la geomorfofogía y evolución reciente del sistema litoral

  8. La cooperación financiera internacional para la lucha contra el SIDA en América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Leyva-Flores

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue analizar la contribución financiera del Fondo Mundial para la Lucha contra el SIDA, y su relación con los criterios de elegibilidad para asignar fondos en América Latina y el Caribe, 2002-2010. Análisis descriptivo (regresión lineal de aportes financieros del Fondo Mundial, según criterios de elegibilidad: nivel de ingreso, carga de la enfermedad, coinversión gubernamental de los países. Las aportaciones financieras correspondieron a US$ 705 millones. Países con menor nivel de ingresos recibieron mayores aportaciones; no hay relación con la carga de la enfermedad. La cooperación financiera internacional realiza aportaciones complementarias al gasto gubernamental, con políticas de equidad en la asignación financiera.

  9. El papel del estado en la construcción del desarrollo sostenible: el caso del turismo en el Caribe Insular.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Cruz Johannie

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La discusión acerca de la pertinencia de la intervención estatal en el mercado ha sido reiterativa en la historia del pensamiento económico. El turismo es otro ejemplo de que la regulación es no sólo necesaria sino fundamental, para corregir las asimetrías de un mercado que está lejos de cumplir los supuestos que motivaron la teoría del interés individual y del beneficio social como resultado. El presente trabajo intenta enfatizar en las implicaciones de ignorar el papel del Estado en la construcción del desarrollo sostenible, haciendo especial énfasis en el turismo en el Caribe insular.

  10. Tendències investigadores de la ciència de la informació i la biblioteconomia a Iberoamèrica i al Carib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menéndez Echavarría, Alfredo Luis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectiu: aquest article presenta categories que mostren tendències investigadores de la ciència de la informació i la biblioteconomia en l'entorn d'Iberoamèrica i el Carib. Les categories han estat producte d'una recerca l'objectiu de la qual es relaciona amb l'anàlisi d'aquests aspectes predictius i prospectius de la disciplina, així com la configuració de l'horitzó d'aquest camp des d'una perspectiva científica. -- Metodologia: l'enfocament que assumeix el projecte és de caràcter mixt, ja que integra l'anàlisi quantitativa i qualitativa, tenint en compte que s'utilitzen tècniques bibliomètriques, i procediments que integren l'ús de variables de mesura i obtenció d'indicadors de producció científica. De la mateixa manera, s'examinen i descriuen els articles seleccionats respecte del seu contingut teoricoepistemològic, recuperats del Web of Science, informació d'Iberoamèrica i del Carib, entre els anys 2009 i 2013, corresponents als títols de revistes que integren la categoria temàticaObjetivo: este artículo presenta categorías que evidencian tendencias investigativas de la ciencia de la información y la bibliotecología en el entorno de Iberoamérica y el Caribe. Estas han sido producto de una investigación cuyo objetivo se relaciona con el análisis de estos aspectos predictivos y prospectivos de la disciplina, así como la configuración del horizonte de este campo desde una perspectiva científica. -- Metodología: el enfoque que asume el proyecto es de carácter mixto, pues integra el análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo, teniendo en cuenta que se utilizan técnicas bibliométricas, y procedimientos que integran el uso de variables de medición y obtención de indicadores de producción científica. De igual modo se examinan y describen los artículos seleccionados respecto de su contenido teórico-epistemológico, recuperados de la Web of Science, información de Iberoamérica y el Caribe, entre los años 2009 y

  11. La formalización del voluntariado juvenil en Nicaragua en el contexto de América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Olate

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available EL ARTÍCULO SE BASA EN UNA INVESTIGACIÓN QUE UTILIZA LA TEORÍA de los orígenes sociales de la sociedad civil (Salamon & Anheier, 1998 y el concepto de formalización para analizar los programas de voluntariado juvenil en Nicaragua. Describe el nivel de formalización de los mismos y lo compara con el de otros países de la subregióny de América Latina y el Caribe. También analiza la relación existente entre la formalización y orientación de estos programas y un conjunto de variables a nivel de programa, organización y país.

  12. Consideraciones sobre un currículo para la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera en el Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Inés Fonseca Mendoza

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un avance de algunas consideraciones iniciales tenidas en cuenta para el diseño del nivel de fundamentación de un currículo para la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera. En él se propone una interpretación formulada a partir de la hipótesis unidad de producción del discurso de Teun van Dijk (2000, que bien puede explicar el papel del lenguaje en el aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras; también se incluyen los puntos de vista sobre el papel de la norma y la variedad lingüística sostenidos al interior del grupo SICELE1 nodo Caribe, organización en la cual se propone el mencionado currículo.

  13. Generación de series sintéticas de oleaje en lugares con instrumentación escasa del mar caribe colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Arango, Santiago; Osorio Arias, Andrés Fernando; Agudelo Restrepo, Pablo; Vélez Upegui, Jaime Ignacio

    2010-01-01

    Se busca generar series de oleaje por medio de simulación numérica,usando modelos de propagación de oleaje de tercera generación, con vientos de re análisis y batimetrías como insumos. Una vez generadas, las series sintéticas son comparadas con la instrumentación existente. A partir de esta comparación, y de análisis en los dominios del tiempo y de la probabilidad, se determinan las ecuaciones de corrección para las series. Se presenta la aplicación de este esquema al Caribe Colombiano, y ...

  14. Análisis biogeográfico de la flora de un bosque seco tropical (bs-T) en el Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés Rocío; Banda Rodríguez Karina; Galeano Gloria

    2006-01-01

    Con el propósito de encontrar las afinidades florísticas de un bosque seco tropical (bs-T) en el Caribe colombiano
    y las regiones con las que, históricamente, se encuentra mejor relacionado, se evaluaron las distribuciones de 183 especies de la flora de la Hacienda “El Ceibal”. Ésto se realizó mediante un análisis de similitud de áreas, y bajo un enfoque panbiogeográfico. Se encontró que las áreas más afines actualmente con la flora del “El Ceibal” son los bosques húmedos y secos c...

  15. Las mejores practicas en la promoción y el uso de energías renovables en America Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Luecke

    2011-01-01

    Este documento pretende dar una instantánea de algunas de las mejores prácticas en la promoción y uso de las energías renovables, y proporcionar ejemplos prácticos del desarrollo de los mercados de energías renovables que los países de América Latina y el Caribe pueden replicar. Este breve estudio proporciona una visión general de algunas de las tecnologías de energías renovables más comúnmente usadas. También analiza los mercados de energía renovable actuales y potenciales en ALC, los benefi...

  16. Participación de las mujeres en la construcción social del territorio y el proceso de regionalización del Caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Yusmidia Solano

    2007-01-01

    Este trabajo describe el papel de las mujeres en los procesos de construcción de territorios y de regionalización en la costa Caribe colombiana. En primer lugar, se presenta la participación de las mujeres en los procesos adaptativos de los primeros habitantes, a través de su contribución a la creación de las culturas más importantes que surgieron en la región, tales como la Tairona y la Sinú. También, se consideran las acciones de resistencia de las mujeres indígenas que se opusieron a la in...

  17. Palaemonidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea from the shallow waters from Quintana Roo, Mexican Caribbean coast Palaemonidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea de las aguas someras de Quintana Roo, Caribe mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramiro Román-Contreras

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Few studies have focused on the palaemonid fauna of the Mexican Caribbean. This study provides a list of shallow water free-living and symbiont shrimps of the family Palaemonidae collected on turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum in Bahía de la Ascensión, Bahía del Espíritu Santo and Mahahual reef lagoon, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Ten species in 8 genera are reported, of which the genus Periclimenes is the most diverse with 3 species. An updated geographic distribution along the western Atlantic and other regions is provided for all the species. The greatest affinity of the palaemonid fauna studied, besides that with the Caribbean province, is with the Brazilian, Argentinian, and Texan zoogeographic provinces. Of the 10 species reported in this paper, 8 represent new local records in the studied area.Los crustáceos de la familia Palaemonidae del Caribe mexicano han sido poco estudiados. En este trabajo se presenta un listado de palemónidos de vida libre y simbiontes recolectados en el pasto marino Thalassia testudiuim de Bahía de la Ascensión, Bahía del Espíritu Santo y la laguna arrecifal de Mahahual, Quintana Roo, México. Se registran 10 especies pertenecientes a 8 géneros, siendo el género Periclimenes el más diverso con 3 especies. Para todas las especies se proporciona su distribución geográfica en la costa del Atlántico americano así como en otras regiones. Además de la provincia Caribeña, los palemónidos recolectados también muestran alta afinidad con otras provincias zoogeográficas como la Brasileña, Argentina y Texana; de las 10 especies registradas en este estudio, 8 representan nuevo registro local en el área estudiada.

  18. REFORMA EDUCATIVA A PARTIR DOS ANOS 1990: IMPLEMENTAÇÃO NA AMÉRICA LATINA E CARIBE, E PARTICULARIDADES BRASILEIRAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. L. S. Silva

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Reflete-se acerca de alguns pontos e contrapontos da reforma educativa implantada na América Latina e Caribe, nos anos 1990, enfocando-se as particularidades da efetivação dessa reforma no Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo teórico que prioriza a literatura que versa sobre os pressupostos que fundamentam a economia global e informacional norteadora das reformas no plano político e influenciadoras das transformações sociais em escalas: local, regional, nacional e internacional, bem como da reforma educativa em discussão. Observa-se que, praticamente todos os países da América Latina e Caribe impulsionaram ações e esforços na direção de reformas educativas. No caso brasileiro os estudos enfatizam que essas reformas se encaminharam para a reorganização institucional, a descentralização da gestão administrativa, financeira e pedagógica e para o fortalecimento da autonomia das escolas. Essas sinalizaram, ainda, para uma política de municipalização com transferência de responsabilidades da União para os municípios e para a desarticulação do ensino médio integrado, respaldada pelo Projeto de Lei nº 1.603/96 e pelo Decreto nº 2.208/97, no âmbito da educação profissional.

  19. O Brasil e o Grão Caribe: fundamentos para uma nova agenda de trabalho Brazil and the Great Caribbean basin: the making of a new agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Federico Domínguez Avila

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda as relações econômicas, políticas e de segurança internacional vigentes entre o Brasil e os 25 países da bacia do Caribe - México, América Central, Antilhas, Colômbia, Venezuela, Guiana e Suriname, além de uma dezena de territórios coloniais administrados por potências extra-regionais. Constata-se que as relações econômicas são muito intensas, especialmente em termos comerciais e de investimentos produtivos. O diálogo político entre as partes é construtivo, relevante e cada vez mais significativo. No que diz respeito às questões de segurança, vale destacar suas convergências, bem como certas divergências de natureza geopolítica derivadas do projeto brasileiro para a América do Sul. No final do artigo, propõem-se três cenários plausíveis para o futuro das relações entre Brasil e Caribe.The paper explores the economic, political and security relations between Brazil and the 25 Caribbean countries - Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean islands, Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana and Suriname, inasmuch the colonial territories. The text suggest that the economic relations are very intensive. The political dialogue is constructive. In the security field, there are some convergences and divergences derived from the brazilian=s South American project. At the end, the paper consider three reasonable scenarios for the Brazilian-Caribbean relations.

  20. Final Critical Habitat for the Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius) occur based on the description provided...

  1. Saturated thickness of the High Plains Aquifer, Colorado, 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data are in support of report DS 472 (Arnold and others, 2009). This data set represents the saturated thickness of the High Plains aquifer within Colorado....

  2. Final Critical Habitat for the Little Colorado spinedace (Lepidomeda vittata)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Little Colorado spinedace (Lepidomeda vittata) occur based on the description...

  3. Excellence in Veterinary Medicine at Colorado State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tietz, William J.

    1977-01-01

    Colorado State University has developed a strong interdisciplinary faculty that provides the entire university with graduate and undergraduate instruction in the basic biomedical sciences--anatomy, physiology, and microbiology--in addition to instruction in the professional curriculum. (LBH)

  4. Corbiculae fluminea as a bioindicator on the Lower Colorado River

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Tissue samples from Asiatic clam (Corbimla fluminea) from the lower Colorado River were analyzed for trace element concentrations. Selenium and arsenic were...

  5. Mean-annual erosion potential for Colorado and New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey Data Series provides raster data representing an estimate of the mean-annual erosion potential of a 30-meter raster cell in Colorado and...

  6. Colorado's hydrothermal resource base: an assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pearl, R.H.

    1981-01-01

    As part of its effort to more accurately describe the nations geothrmal resource potential, the US Department of Energy/Division of Geothermal Energy contracted with the Colorado Geological survey to appraise the hydrothermal (hot water) geothermal resources of Colorado. Part of this effort required that the amount of energy that could possibly be contained in the various hydrothermal systems in Colorado be estimated. The findings of that assessment are presented. To make these estimates the geothermometer reservoir temperatures estimated by Barrett and Pearl (1978) were used. In addition, the possible reservoir size and extent were estimated and used. This assessment shows that the total energy content of the thermal systems in Colorado could range from 4.872 x 10{sup 15} BTU's to 13.2386 x 10{sup 15} BTU's.

  7. The Colorado Plateau coal assessment study area, 2000 (cpstdyg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a coverage of the Colorado Plateau coal assessment study area. The study area outline was drawn on the county lines that most closely outline the...

  8. Photographs of historical mining operations in Colorado and Utah

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A collection of photographs of mine sites, mining operations, and tailings taken prior to 1980 at a variety of sites throughout Colorado and Utah. A database of...

  9. US Forest Service Roadless Areas: Colorado Roadless Rule

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service, available on the www that depicts the boundaries of Roadless Areas designated by the Colorado Roadless Rule of 2012 and managed by the US Forest...

  10. Host plant preference in Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field and laboratory-choice tests were conducted to better understand host plant preference by the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), in Virginia. In laboratory olfactometer studies, L. decemlineata preferred potato over both tomato and eggplant foli...

  11. LA PALMA AMARGA (Sabal mauritiiformis, Arecaceae EN SISTEMAS PRODUCTIVOS DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO: ESTUDIO DE CASO EN PIOJÓ, ATLÁNTICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Andrade-Erazo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENLa palma Sabal mauritiiformis es un recurso importante en el Caribe colombiano debido al uso de sus hojas para techar. Para evaluar el estado de sus poblaciones en Piojó (Atlántico, uno de los municipios más productores de hojas, se estudió la densidad y la estructura poblacional de la palma. Se establecieron 16 parcelas de 0,1 ha, en los tres sistemas de uso de suelo más comunes en la zona: ganadería (6, cultivos (5 y rastrojo (5. Se encontró que la palma amarga constituye un recurso silvestre, muy resistente y capaz de adaptarse a ambientes perturbados pues está incorporada en sistemas productivos de cultivos, rastrojos y ganadería, donde las prácticas de manejo influyen en la densidad y estructura de sus poblaciones. La palma es muy resistente y capaz de adaptarse a ambientes perturbados. El área estudiada incluyó 5349 individuos distribuidos en cuatro categorías de tamaño. Los rastrojos (3620 ± 2808 individuos/hectárea y los cultivos (5612 ± 3361 ind/ha presentaron más individuos y mejores estructuras poblacionales que las áreas de ganadería (1488 ± 827 ind/ha, en las cuales se encontraron poblaciones más deterioradas por efecto del pisoteo y el forrajeo. La prevalencia de individuos en algunas clases de tamaño refleja las condiciones de manejo actual e histórico; actividades como el pastoreo o las quemas, sin una apropiada planificación, pueden comprometer el desarrollo de las poblaciones de la palma y la futura disponibilidad del recurso.ABSTRACTThe palm Sabal mauritiiformis is an important resource in the Colombian Caribbean, as its leaves are used for thatching. In order to assess the status of its populations in Piojó (Atlántico department, one of the major leaf producers in the region, palm population structure was studied by randomly establishing 16 sample plots of 0.1 ha in the three major use areas where the palm occurs:: pastures (6, crops (5 and fallows (5. We found that the bitter palm is a

  12. Colorado's Voucher Law:Examining the Claim of Fiscal Neutrality

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin G. Welner

    2004-01-01

    Colorado's voucher law was declared unconstitutional by the Colorado Supreme Court on June 28, 2004. Voucher supporters have begun drafting revised legislation designed to address the legal problem. This article calls into question the key financial claim of revenue neutrality'a claim that was central to the promotion and passage of the departing voucher law. The author concludes that the voucher law was not revenue neutral, even though it attempts to exclude from eligibility those children a...

  13. Raton basin coalbed methane production picking up in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemborg, H. Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Coalbed methane production in the Raton basin of south-central Colorado and northeast New Mexico has gone over pilot testing and entered the development stage which is expected to last several years. The development work is restricted to roughly a 25 mile by 15 mile wide `fairway' centered about 20 miles west of Trinidad, Colorado. At last count, 85 wells were producing nearly 17.5 MMcfd of coalbed methane from the basin's Raton and Vermejo formation coals.

  14. The Colorado Plateau II : Biophysical, Socioeconomic, and Cultural Research

    OpenAIRE

    Riper, Charles Van; Mattson, David J.

    2005-01-01

    Abstract from GoogleBooks: The publication of The Colorado Plateau: Cultural, Biological, and Physical Research in 2004 marked a timely summation of current research in the Four Corners states. This new volume, derived from the seventh Biennial Conference on the Colorado Plateau in 2003, complements the previous book by again focusing on the integration of science into resource management issues. The 32 chapters range in content from measuring human impacts on cultural resources, through graz...

  15. Colorado River cutthroat habitat resistance and resilience to climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Kate

    2013-01-01

    Colorado River cutthroat trout, Oncorhyncus clarki pleuriticus , occupy less than 12% of their historic range. Restoration and conservation of this species are currently under way across the upper Colorado River basin, but guidance to inform management decisions related to the impacts of climate change on cutthroat is lacking. Shifts in the thermal distribution of freshwater fish have been documented, and will continue to occur as cold water habitat is threatened by warming water temperatures...

  16. Update of the Accounting Surface Along the Lower Colorado River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiele, Stephen M.; Leake, Stanley A.; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.; McGuire, Emmet H.

    2008-01-01

    The accounting-surface method was developed in the 1990s by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation, to identify wells outside the flood plain of the lower Colorado River that yield water that will be replaced by water from the river. This method was needed to identify which wells require an entitlement for diversion of water from the Colorado River and need to be included in accounting for consumptive use of Colorado River water as outlined in the Consolidated Decree of the United States Supreme Court in Arizona v. California. The method is based on the concept of a river aquifer and an accounting surface within the river aquifer. The study area includes the valley adjacent to the lower Colorado River and parts of some adjacent valleys in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah and extends from the east end of Lake Mead south to the southerly international boundary with Mexico. Contours for the original accounting surface were hand drawn based on the shape of the aquifer, water-surface elevations in the Colorado River and drainage ditches, and hydrologic judgment. This report documents an update of the original accounting surface based on updated water-surface elevations in the Colorado River and drainage ditches and the use of simple, physically based ground-water flow models to calculate the accounting surface in four areas adjacent to the free-flowing river.

  17. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project in Colorado: Colorado State fiscal year 1994. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year 1994 (1 July 1993 through 30 June 1994). To capture employment information, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Naturita, Gunnison, and Rifle, Colorado. Economic data were requested from each site prime subcontractor, as well as from the Remedial Action Contractor. Information on wages, taxes, and subcontract expenditures in combination with estimates and economic multipliers is used to estimate the dollar economic benefits to Colorado during the state fiscal year. Finally, the fiscal year 1994 estimates are compared to fiscal year 1993 employment and economic information

  18. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project in Colorado: Colorado State fiscal year 1994. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    The Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year 1994 (1 July 1993 through 30 June 1994). To capture employment information, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Naturita, Gunnison, and Rifle, Colorado. Economic data were requested from each site prime subcontractor, as well as from the Remedial Action Contractor. Information on wages, taxes, and subcontract expenditures in combination with estimates and economic multipliers is used to estimate the dollar economic benefits to Colorado during the state fiscal year. Finally, the fiscal year 1994 estimates are compared to fiscal year 1993 employment and economic information.

  19. Colorado River Wildlife Management Area (Colorado and Gunnison River Easements) [Land Status Map: Sheet 2 of 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Colorado River Wildlife Management Area. It was generated from rectified aerial...

  20. PRIVATIZAÇÃO DA EDUCAÇÃO NA AMÉRICA LATINA E NO CARIBE: TENDÊNCIAS E RISCOS PARA OS SISTEMAS PÚBLICOS DE ENSINO

    OpenAIRE

    Camilla Croso; Giovanna Modé Magalhães

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO: A observação de distintas formas de privatização da educação na América Latina e no Caribe suscita indagações sobre seu impacto para a realização da educação como um Direito Humano universal. Neste artigo, compartilhamos algumas expressões do fenômeno, a partir especialmente dos dados encontrados no mapeamento Tendencias de la Privatización de la Educación en América Latina y el Caribe , realizado pela Campanha Latino-Americana pelo Direito à Educação (CLADE, 2014). A partir de anális...

  1. Colorado Better Buildings Project Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strife, Susie; Yancey, Lea

    2013-12-30

    The Colorado Better Buildings project intended to bring new and existing energy efficiency model programs to market with regional collaboration and funding partnerships. The goals for Boulder County and its program partners were to advance energy efficiency investments, stimulate economic growth in Colorado and advance the state’s energy independence. Collectively, three counties set out to complete 9,025 energy efficiency upgrades in 2.5 years and they succeeded in doing so. Energy efficiency upgrades have been completed in more than 11,000 homes and businesses in these communities. Boulder County and its partners received a $25 million BetterBuildings grant from the U.S. Department of Energy under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in the summer of 2010. This was also known as the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants program. With this funding, Boulder County, the City and County of Denver, and Garfield County set out to design programs for the residential and commercial sectors to overcome key barriers in the energy upgrade process. Since January 2011, these communities have paired homeowners and business owners with an Energy Advisor – an expert to help move from assessment to upgrade with minimal hassle. Pairing this step-by-step assistance with financing incentives has effectively addressed many key barriers, resulting in energy efficiency improvements and happy customers. An expert energy advisor guides the building owner through every step of the process, coordinating the energy assessment, interpreting results for a customized action plan, providing a list of contractors, and finding and applying for all available rebates and low-interest loans. In addition to the expert advising and financial incentives, the programs also included elements of social marketing, technical assistance, workforce development and contractor trainings, project monitoring and verification, and a cloud-based customer data system to coordinate among field

  2. Condiciones de trabajo psicosociales y desgaste psíquico en trabajadores de diversos sectores empresariales de centro-oriente, suroccidente y región Caribe en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la percepción de trabajadores de distintos sectores empresariales de Colombia sobre los factores psicosociales presentes en su entorno laboral y la relación entre los factores psicosociales nocivos y los síntomas subjetivos y alteraciones de la salud. Materiales y métodos: Estudio no experimental, transversal y cuantitativo. Participaron 370 trabajadores, de diferentes sectores empresariales de Colombia (Centro-Oriente, Suroccidente y región Caribe). Instru...

  3. Puente Río Colorado - Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulka, F.

    1973-03-01

    Full Text Available The Colorado River bridge is located in a 95 m deep canyon, with a 122 m span. To choose the type of bridge, it has been endeavoured to use the largest possible number of national building materials which, together with the difficulty of reaching the site, meant that a series of classical solutions had to be rejected. That of an arch bridge was adopted, with a reversed support on prestressed cables, on which the road passes. The system is based on the hanging bridge principle, but with the rolling track resting on the cables, instead of hanging from them. There is a first cover, made up of prefabricated components, on the cables, which strengthens the bridge's stability. This cover supports three portal-columns, the pillars of the final roadway. The cables were prestressed from the heads of the two sloping pillars. The two side spans were designed with prefabricated T girders.El puente Río Colorado está situado en un cañón de 95 m de profundidad, salvando una luz de 122 m. Para la elección del tipo de puente se ha procurado emplear el mayor número posible de materiales de construcción nacionales, lo que, unido a la dificultad de acceso a la obra, hizo que se rechazaran una serie de soluciones clásicas. Se adoptó la de un puente-arco con un soporte invertido sobre cables pretensados, encima del cual descansa la calzada. El sistema está basado en los principios del puente colgante, pero apoyando el camino de rodadura en los cables, en lugar de colgarlo de ellos. Sobre los cables existe una primera cubierta, integrada por elementos prefabricados, que refuerza la estabilidad del puente. Esta cubierta soporta tres pórticos-columna, pilares de la calzada definitiva. El pretensado de los cables se realizó desde las cabezas de dos pilares inclinados. Los dos vanos laterales se proyectaron con vigas en T prefabricadas.

  4. Approaches to local climate action in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Y. D.

    2011-12-01

    Though climate change is a global problem, the impacts are felt on the local scale; it follows that the solutions must come at the local level. Fortunately, many cities and municipalities are implementing climate mitigation (or climate action) policies and programs. However, they face many procedural and institutional barriers to their efforts, such of lack of expertise or data, limited human and financial resources, and lack of community engagement (Krause 2011). To address the first obstacle, thirteen in-depth case studies were done of successful model practices ("best practices") of climate action programs carried out by various cities, counties, and organizations in Colorado, and one outside Colorado, and developed into "how-to guides" for other municipalities to use. Research was conducted by reading documents (e.g. annual reports, community guides, city websites), email correspondence with program managers and city officials, and via phone interviews. The information gathered was then compiled into a series of reports containing a narrative description of the initiative; an overview of the plan elements (target audience and goals); implementation strategies and any indicators of success to date (e.g. GHG emissions reductions, cost savings); and the adoption or approval process, as well as community engagement efforts and marketing or messaging strategies. The types of programs covered were energy action plans, energy efficiency programs, renewable energy programs, and transportation and land use programs. Between the thirteen case studies, there was a range of approaches to implementing local climate action programs, examined along two dimensions: focus on climate change (whether it was direct/explicit or indirect/implicit) and extent of government authority. This benchmarking exercise affirmed the conventional wisdom propounded by Pitt (2010), that peer pressure (that is, the presence of neighboring jurisdictions with climate initiatives), the level of

  5. Elementary particle physics and high energy phenomena. [Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barker, A.R.; Cumalat, J.P.; De Alwis, S.P.; DeGrand, T.A.; Ford, W.T.; Mahanthappa, K.T.; Nauenberg, U.; Rankin, P.; Smith, J.G.

    1992-06-01

    Experimental and theoretical high-energy physics programs at the University of Colorado are reported. Areas of concentration include the following: study of the properties of the Z[sup 0] with the SLD detector; fixed-target K-decay experiments; the R D program for the muon system: the SDC detector; high-energy photoproduction of states containing heavy quarks; electron--positron physics with the CLEO II detector at CESR; lattice QCD; and spin models and dynamically triangulated random surfaces. 24 figs., 2 tabs., 117 refs.

  6. 75 FR 66786 - Notice of Invitation To Participate; Exploration for Coal in Colorado License Application COC-74447

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... State Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado 80215, and the BLM, Little Snake Field Office... Director, in writing, at the BLM Colorado State Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado...

  7. 75 FR 44983 - Notice of Invitation To Participate; Exploration for Coal in Colorado; License Application COC-74235

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado 80215 and the BLM, Uncompahgre Field Office, 2505 S..., in writing, at the BLM Colorado State Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado 80215...

  8. Dendroclimatic reconstructions for the southern Colorado plateau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dean, J.S.; Funkhouser, G.S. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)

    1995-09-01

    A geographical network of climate sensitive tree-ring chronologies consisting of 25 archaeological sequences and two bristlecone pine series provides the basis for high resolution reconstructions of low and high frequency climatic variability on the southern Colorado Plateau over the last 1,500 years. Qualitative and quantitative dendroclimatic analyses of these data produce annual retrodictions of yearly and seasonal precipitation and summer Palmer Drought Severity Indices for each station and reconstructions of regional scale patterns in climatic variability. These reconstructions provide detailed information on climatic fluctuations that affected biotic and human populations as well as long-term baseline data for evaluating present-day climate and estimating future climatic trends. When integrated with other measures of past environmental variability, these reconstructions specify periods of favorable and unfavorable environmental conditions that would have affected past human populations of the region. The severest degradation, which occurred between A.D. 1250 and 1450, probably was causally related to numerous cultural changes that occurred at the end of the l3th century including the Anasazi abandonment of the Four Comers area. Projecting environmental patterns that characterized the last two millennia into the future indicates potential hazards to long term uranium mill waste disposal and containment and the potential and limitations of environmental restoration.

  9. Preliminary Site Characterization Report, Rulsion Site, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    This report is a summary of environmental information gathered during a review of the documents pertaining to Project Rulison and interviews with personnel who worked on the project. Project Rulison was part of Operation Plowshare (a program designed to explore peaceful uses for nuclear devices). The project consisted of detonating a 43-kiloton nuclear device on September 10, 1969, in western Colorado to stimulate natural gas production. Following the detonation, a reentry well was drilled and several gas production tests were conducted. The reentry well was shut-in after the last gas production test and was held in standby condition until the general cleanup was undertaken in 1972. A final cleanup was conducted after the emplacement and testing wells were plugged in 1976. However, some surface radiologic contamination resulted from decontamination of the drilling equipment and fallout from the gas flaring during drilling operations. With the exception of the drilling effluent pond, all surface contamination at the Rulison Site was removed during the cleanup operations. All mudpits and other excavations were backfilled, and both upper and lower drilling pads were leveled and dressed. This report provides information regarding known or suspected areas of contamination, previous cleanup activities, analytical results, a review of the regulatory status, the site`s physical environment, and future recommendations for Project Ruhson. Based on this research, several potential areas of contamination have been identified. These include the drilling effluent pond and mudpits used during drilling operations. In addition, contamination could migrate in the gas horizon.

  10. Colorado longitudinal twin study of reading disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wadsworth, Sally J; DeFries, John C; Olson, Richard K; Willcutt, Erik G

    2007-12-01

    The primary objectives of the present study are to introduce the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study of Reading Disability, the first longitudinal twin study in which subjects have been specifically selected for having a history of reading difficulties, and to present some initial assessments of the stability of reading performance and cognitive abilities in this sample. Preliminary examination of the test scores of 124 twins with a history of reading difficulties and 154 twins with no history of reading difficulties indicates that over the 5- to 6-year interval between assessments, cognitive and reading performance are highly stable. As a group, those subjects with a history of reading difficulties had substantial deficits relative to control subjects on all measures at initial assessment, and significant deficits remained at follow-up. The stability noted for all cognitive and achievement measures was highest for a composite measure of reading, whose average stability correlation across groups was 0.80. Results of preliminary behavior genetic analyses for this measure indicated that shared genetic influences accounted for 86% and 49% of the phenotypic correlations between the two assessments for twin pairs with and without reading difficulties, respectively. In addition, genetic correlations reached unity for both groups, suggesting that the same genetic influences are manifested at both time points. PMID:18060583

  11. Empresarios, capitales e industrias en la región Caribe colombiana bajo el despegue del modelo agroexportador a comienzos del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SEGIO PAOLO SOLANO

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre la relación entre la capacidad de acumulación de capitales por parte de la elite empresarial de Barranquilla, la inversión en industrias y el tipo de unidad fabril que surgió en esta ciudad entre 1900 y 1934. La historiografía reciente explica la debilidad del desarrollo fabril de la región Caribe colombiana en función de la inelasticidad del mercado regional, la ausencia de productos regionales con destino a los mercados internacionales, el cambio del sistema de transporte nacional, el despegue del puerto de Buenaventura en la costa Pacífica que desplazó a los puertos sobre la costa Caribe y las políticas económicas del gobierno central. En este ensayo intentamos mostrar que esa debilidad también se explica por la naturaleza de los empresarios que las originaron y por las restricciones que tuvo la acumulación de capital en manos de éstos durante el periodo en estudio. Creemos que el monopolio que durante varios decenios tuvieron los empresarios de la región Caribe sobre las exportaciones e importaciones sirviendo en la mayor de las veces como simples intermediarios y comisionistas se desarticuló con el despegue del modelo agroexportador a comienzos del siglo XX, diseñado para que los comerciantes y productores de las zonas del interior del país se relacionaran de forma directa y sin intermediaciones con los mercados extranjeros. En consecuencia lo que mostramos es que no existió una línea de continuidad entre las actividades empresariales del siglo XIX y las de comienzos de la siguiente centuria, lo que terminó afectando las posibilidades del sostenimiento y ensanche de las industrias. Abstract This article discusses the relationship between the capacity of accumulation of capital by the business elite of Barranquilla, investment in industry and manufacturing unit of the type that emerged in this city between 1900 and 1934. Recent history explains the weakness of the industrial development of the

  12. 75 FR 38768 - Ashley National Forest, UT, High Uintas Wilderness-Colorado River Cutthroat Trout Habitat...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... Forest Service Ashley National Forest, UT, High Uintas Wilderness--Colorado River Cutthroat Trout Habitat...) proposes to restore genetically pure Colorado River cutthroat trout (CRCT; Onchorhynchus clarki pleuriticus... District. Nonnative fish species to be removed are primarily brook trout (Salvelinus...

  13. SRTM Anaglyph: Pinon Canyon region, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Erosional features are prominent in this view of southern Colorado taken by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The area covers about 20,000square kilometers and is located about 50 kilometers south of Pueblo, Colorado. The prominent mountains near the left edge of the image are the Spanish Peaks, remnants of a 20 million year old volcano. Rising 2,100 meters (7,000 feet) above the plains to the east, these igneous rock formations with intrusions of eroded sedimentary rock historically served as guiding landmarks for travelers on the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail.Near the center of the image is the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, a training area for soldiers of the U.S. Army from nearby Fort Carson. The site supports a diverse ecosystem with large numbers of big and small game, fisheries, non-game wildlife, forest, range land and mineral resources. It is bounded on the east by the dramatic topography of the Purgatoire River Canyon, a 100 meter (328 feet) deep scenic red canyon with flowing streams, sandstone formations and exposed geologic processes.This anaglyph was produced by first shading a preliminary SRTM elevation model. The stereoscopic effect was then created by generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR)that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, installed

  14. Participación de las mujeres en la construcción social del territorio y el proceso de regionalización del Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusmidia Solano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo describe el papel de las mujeres en los procesos de construcción de territorios y de regionalización en la costa Caribe colombiana. En primer lugar, se presenta la participación de las mujeres en los procesos adaptativos de los primeros habitantes, a través de su contribución a la creación de las culturas más importantes que surgieron en la región, tales como la Tairona y la Sinú. También, se consideran las acciones de resistencia de las mujeres indígenas que se opusieron a la invasión española, la participación de las mujeres en las luchas libertarias de africanos, indígenas, mestizos, zambos y criollos contra el colonialismo, y en la consolidación de la República, junto a su contribución en la construcción de los tejidos sociales que consolidaron la vida social de los pueblos y ciudades nacientes, lo que convirtió a las mujeres en integradoras de los grupos familiares, en la fuerza socializadora de las nuevas generaciones y en las garantes del funcionamiento de la estructura familiar. La segunda argumentación que se trabaja en el artículo es la referida a la participación de las mujeres en el proceso de regionalización del Caribe colombiano, en la que se establece y concluye que a pesar de que ésta se ha dado, no se ha garantizado el reconocimiento de sus intereses prácticos y estratégicos que permitan cambios en su posición social, económica y política, porque si bien hubo expresión de esos intereses en algunos de los foros realizados para concertar la visión y demandas de la región, el movimiento social no ha tenido acceso a la toma de decisiones, lo que no ha impedido si embargo, que en las últimas décadas éste se haya fortalecido.

  15. La práctica de la medicina tradicional en América Latina y el Caribe: el dilema entre regulación y tolerancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigenda Gustavo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el estado actual de la regulación de la medicina tradicional en nueve países de América Latina y el Caribe. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se construyó una base de datos sobre componentes de los sistemas de salud tradicionales en nueve países de América Latina y el Caribe, mediante la creación de una red de individuos e instituciones de distintos países que estuvieran interesados en participar como informantes especializados con diferentes perfiles. La información para este estudio de tipo cualitativo se levantó, sistematizó y analizó entre marzo y diciembre de 1998. RESULTADOS: Se exponen los resultados obtenidos del tema de regulación de la medicina tradicional dividiendo a los países en tres grupos: a los que cuentan con algún tipo de desarrollo en materia de legislación; b los que están trabajando en el proceso de legislación, y c los que no tienen legislación y el proceso de regulación es incipiente. CONCLUSIONES: Se muestra que el proceso legislativo de la medicina tradicional es variado en la región y se encuentra en diferentes etapas. Esta variedad de estadios nos muestra la complejidad de regular una práctica terapéutica de prestadores con bajos niveles de entrenamiento formal, con prácticas variadas y que sustentan su ejercicio en usos y costumbres que en las mayoría de las ocasiones son difíciles de ubicar dentro de los estándares de los sistemas de salud oficiales. El estudio se considera importante para el diseño e implementación de políticas que permitan adecuar la oferta de servicios de medicina tradicional con las necesidades de las poblaciones que más hacen uso de ella. El texto completo en inglés de este artículo está disponible en: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html

  16. Denitrification in marine shales in northeastern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, P.B.; Böhlke, J.K.; Bruce, B.W.

    1999-01-01

    Parts of the South Platte River alluvial aquifer in northeastern Colorado are underlain by the Pierre Shale, a marine deposit of Late Cretaceous age that is denitrification in the forms of organic carbon and sulfide minerals. Nested piezometers were sampled, pore water was squeezed from cores of shale, and an injection test was conducted to determine if denitrification in the shale was a sink for alluvial NO3/- and to measure denitrification rates in the shale. Measured values of NO3/-, N2, NH4/+, ??15[NO3/-], ??15N[N2], and ??15N[NH4/+] in the alluvial and shale pore water indicated that denitrification in the shale was a sink for alluvial NO3/-. Chemical gradients, reaction rate constants, and hydraulic head data indicated that denitrification in the shale was limited by the slow rate of NO3/- transport (possibly by diffusion) into the shale. The apparent in situ first-order rate constant for denitrification in the shale based on diffusion calculations was of the order of 0.04-0.4 yr-1, whereas the potential rate constant in the shale based on injection tests was of the order of 60 yr-1. Chemical data and mass balance calculations indicate that organic carbon was the primary electron donor for denitrification in the shale during the injection test, and ferrous iron was a minor electron donor in the process. Flux calculations for the conditions encountered at the site indicate that denitrification in the shale could remove only a small fraction of the annual agricultural NO3/- input to the alluvial aquifer. However, the relatively large potential first-order rate constant for denitrification in the shale indicated that the percentage of NO3/- uptake by the shale could be considerably larger in areas where NO3/- is transported more rapidly into the shale by advection.

  17. Uranium deposits: northern Denver Julesburg basin, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fox Hills Sandstone and the Laramie Formation (Upper Cretaceous) are the host rocks for uranium deposits in Weld County, northern Denver Julesburg basin, Colorado. The uranium deposits discovered in the Grover and Sand Creek areas occur in well-defined north--south trending channel sandstones of the Laramie Formation whereas the sandstone channel in the upper part of the Fox Hills Sandstone trends east--west. Mineralization was localized where the lithology was favorable for uranium accumulation. Exploration was guided by log interpretation methods similar to those proposed by Bruce Rubin for the Powder River basin, Wyoming, because alteration could not be readily identified in drilling samples. The uranium host rocks consist of medium- to fine-grained carbonaceous, feldspathic fluvial channel sandstones. The uranium deposits consist of simple to stacked roll fronts. Reserve estimates for the deposits are: (1) Grover 1,007,000 lbs with an average grade of 0.14 percent eU3O8,2) Sand Creek 154,000 lbs with an average grade of 0.08 percent eU3O8, and 3) The Pawnee deposit 1,060,000 lbs with an average grade of 0.07 percent eU3O8. The configuration of the geochemical cells in the Grover and Sand Creek sandstones indicate that uraniferous fluids moved northward whereas in the Pawnee sandstone of the Fox Hills uraniferous fluids moved southward. Precipitation of uranium in the frontal zone probably was caused by downdip migration of oxygcnated groundwater high in uranium content moving through a favorable highly carbonaceous and pyritic host sandstone

  18. Environmental assessment, expanded Ponnequin wind energy project, Weld County, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has considered a proposal from the State of Colorado, Office of Energy Conservation (OEC), for funding construction of the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project in Weld County, Colorado. OEC plans to enter into a contracting arrangement with Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCo) for the completion of these activities. PSCo, along with its subcontractors and business partners, are jointly developing the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project. The purpose of this Final Environmental Assessment (EA) is to provide DOE and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Energy Project. This EA, and public comments received on it, were used in DOE's deliberations on whether to release funding for the expanded project under the Commercialization Ventures Program

  19. Environmental assessment, expanded Ponnequin wind energy project, Weld County, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has considered a proposal from the State of Colorado, Office of Energy Conservation (OEC), for funding construction of the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project in Weld County, Colorado. OEC plans to enter into a contracting arrangement with Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCo) for the completion of these activities. PSCo, along with its subcontractors and business partners, are jointly developing the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project. The purpose of this Final Environmental Assessment (EA) is to provide DOE and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Energy Project. This EA, and public comments received on it, were used in DOE`s deliberations on whether to release funding for the expanded project under the Commercialization Ventures Program.

  20. 78 FR 69985 - Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Decreased Assessment Rate for Area No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ... approved, an assessment rate for Colorado Area No. 2 that would continue in effect from fiscal period to..., 2013, an assessment rate of $0.0033 per hundredweight is established for Colorado Area No. 2 potatoes... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 948 Irish Potatoes Grown in Colorado; Decreased Assessment Rate...

  1. 40 CFR 52.331 - Committal SIP for the Colorado Group II PM10 areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Committal SIP for the Colorado Group II... SIP for the Colorado Group II PM10 areas. On April 14, 1989, the Governor submitted a Committal SIP for the Colorado Group II PM10 areas. The SIP commits the State to continue to monitor for...

  2. 76 FR 77549 - Colorado River Indian Tribes-Amendment to Health & Safety Code, Article 2. Liquor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Colorado River Indian Tribes--Amendment to Health & Safety Code, Article 2... amendment to the Colorado River Tribal Health and Safety Code, Article 2. Liquor, Section 2-403(12). The... Indian Tribal Council adopted this amendment to the Colorado River Tribal Health and Safety Code,...

  3. 78 FR 72706 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Colorado State University (CSU) has completed an... in this notice by January 2, 2014. ADDRESSES: Christopher Green, Colorado State University,...

  4. 75 FR 45657 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains in the control of the University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO. The human remains... this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Colorado...

  5. 75 FR 28647 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains in the possession of the University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO. The human... this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University of Colorado...

  6. 76 FR 62839 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Colorado Museum has completed... contact the University of Colorado Museum. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes...

  7. 75 FR 26988 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains in the possession of the University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO. The human... this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University of Colorado...

  8. 75 FR 42771 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains and associated funerary objects in the control of the University of Colorado Museum... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Colorado Museum professional staff...

  9. 75 FR 77898 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains in the possession of the ] University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO. The human... made by University of Colorado Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of...

  10. 78 FR 59960 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Colorado State University has completed an... remains should submit a written request to Colorado State University, Department of Anthropology. If...

  11. 78 FR 50103 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Colorado State University has completed an... remains should submit a written request to Colorado State University, Department of Anthropology. If...

  12. 75 FR 45655 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains in the control of the University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO. The human remains.... A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Colorado...

  13. 75 FR 57290 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY... of human remains and associated funerary objects in the control of the University of Colorado Museum... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Colorado Museum professional staff...

  14. 76 FR 62833 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Colorado Museum has completed... contact the University of Colorado Museum. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary...

  15. 2010 Kids Count in Colorado! Far from Average: Growing Gaps in Child Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado Children's Campaign, 2010

    2010-01-01

    "Kids Count in Colorado!" is an annual publication of the Colorado Children's Campaign, which provides the best available state- and county-level data to measure and track the education, health and general well-being of the state's children. "Kids Count in Colorado!" informs policy debates and community discussions, serving as a valuable resource…

  16. Small Wind Turbine Applications: Current Practice in Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Numerous small wind turbines are being used by homeowners in Colorado. Some of these installations are quite recent while others date back to the federal tax-credit era of the early 1980s. Through visits with small wind turbine owners in Colorado, I have developed case studies of six small wind energy applications focusing on the wind turbine technology, wind turbine siting, the power systems and electric loads, regulatory issues, and motivations about wind energy. These case studies offer a glimpse into the current state-of-the-art of small-scale wind energy and provide some insight into issues affecting development of a wider market

  17. MACROINVERTEBRADOS ASOCIADOS A LAS RAÍCES SUMERGIDAS DEL MANGLE ROJO (Rhizophora mangle EN LAS BAHÍAS TURBO Y EL UNO, GOLFO DE URABÁ (CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GARCÍA PADILLA JESÚS MARÍA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de establecer el comportamiento de la salinidad y las características de la fauna de macroinvertebrados asociados a las raíces de Rhizophora mangle en las Bahías de Turbo y El Uno, se realizaron cuatro muestreos entre septiembre del 2004 y febrero del 2005, en tres sectores de las Bahías. Los valores de salinidad experimentaron cambios muy importantes en el tiempo y fluctuaron entre 2 y 32 unidades. En total, se cuantificaron 26 especies en Bahía Turbo y 28 en Bahía El Uno. Mientras la diversidad en la Bahía Turbo varió entre 0,77 en septiembre y 2,22 noviembre, en Bahía El Uno, los valores fluctuaron entre 1,14 en noviembre y 1,95 en septiembre. La mayoría de las especies son frecuentes en las raíces de mangle de la región caribe y poseen un carácter eurihalino.

  18. REPARTICIÓN DE MICROHABITATS ENTRE ESPECIES DE BUFONIDAE Y LEIUPERIDAE (AMPHIBIA: ANURA EN ÁREAS CON BOSQUE SECO TROPICAL DE LA REGION CARIBE-COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonilla Gómez Maria Argenis

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la repartición de microhabitats de cinco especies de anuros pertenecientes a las familias Bufonidae (Rhinella marina, R. granulosa, y Leiuperidae (Engystomops pustulosus, Pleurodema brachyops y Pseudopaludicola pusilla en seis localidades del Caribe Colombiano con fragmentos de bosque seco tropical y diferentes usos de suelo. Se identificaron 29 microhabitats. Los más usado fueron charco de agua Permanente de potreros con arboles (CPPA y potreros inundables sin árboles (PISA. La especie que mayor cantidad de microhabitats usó fue E. pustulosus. No hubo especialistas en el uso de estos ambientes. Se presentaron diferencias en el uso de este recurso a escalas regional y local. La dinámica de uso de los microhabitats estuvo influenciada por las variaciones climáticas del bosque seco tropical. Existe repartición de microhabitats como mecanismo de coexistencia en estas especies para época seca. En el periodo de lluvias este mecanismo no se aplicó.

  19. “Agriculturización” y cambios en el paisaje. El banano en el Atlántico/Caribe de Costa Rica (1870-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Montero Mora

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica el cultivo comercial del banano inició en la década de 1870 en el Atlántico/Caribe costarricense. Su impulso debe comprenderse en el contexto del desarrollo del export led growth, que consolidó un estilo de capitalismo agrario basado en la agriculturización/ganaderización. El presente artículo pretende acercarse a la huella visible que dejó la actividad bananera durante su primer ciclo, pues la plantación a gran escala provocó cambios en el paisaje. Comenzaremos con una sucinta explicación del auge bananero en la región, para después analizar los nuevos paisajes y las nuevas formas de vida que surgieron con la introducción de la musácea y culminar describiendo el paisaje diverso y humanizado de las plantaciones bananeras, lo anterior en el marco liberal decimonónico de orden y progreso.

  20. El nacimiento de un destino turístico en el Caribe Mexicano. Cozumel, de isla abandonada a puerto de cruceros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Carlos Santander

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los autores de este artículo ofrecen una explicación del origen del turismo de cruceros en Cozumel a partir de la reconstrucción de la historia económica moderna de esa isla mexicana. Se necesitó más de centuria y media para que el pueblo fundado en aquella ínsula, San Miguel de Cozumel (1848, se transformara en una ciudad cosmopolita, en el destino más importante de turismo de cruceros en el país. Cozumel comenzó como una anodina propiedad nacional, casi abandonada. Sus colonos del siglo XIX vieron pasar de lado el progreso, o mejor dicho de largo, porque los buques mercantes y de pasajeros nunca se detuvieron en la isla, a menos que los obligara un huracán, una avería mecánica o la necesidad de agua dulce. Durante la época virreinal y hasta inicios del siglo XX Cozumel sólo interesaba a la cartografía marítima, sus 45 kilómetros de extensión fueron una buena referencia para las embarcaciones que transitaban por esa ruta del mar Caribe. Pero esa misma condición la convirtió en un exitoso puerto de cruceros.

  1. Caracterización de la fauna de portunidos asociados a la pesca industrial de arrastre camaronero, en el sur del Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristizábal Fabio

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos diez años se ha observado una disminución importante en los niveles de desembarque de la flota de pesca industrial camaronera (P.I.C, por lo que se valoró el impacto de la pesca industrial del camarón sobre la fauna de crustáceos bentónicos, como un elemento de conocimiento para hacer sostenible y eficiente la pesquería del camarón de aguas someras del caribe colombiano. Se observó una sobreabundancia de portunidos con una baja riqueza, esta sobreabundancia  puede deberse a la práctica de descartar grandes cantidades de peces que son consumidos como carroña y evidencia un deterioro en el ecosistema que puede llevar a la no viabilidad de la P.I.C. Aunque no se hizo evidente la necesidad de una reducción de la pesca sobre las comunidades de portunidos, se hace necesaria la implementación de medidas para reducir la
    pesca de descarte, ya que se encontró que existe un gran disturbio en el ecosistema afectado por la P.I.C.

  2. Desafío a la concilación: antagonismo y negatividad en imaginarios históricos del Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina María Martínez Hernández

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available La convergencia de diferentes grupos humanos, prácticas, saberes y temporalidades catapulta al Caribe como fenómeno singular. Su reconocimiento como área socio-cultural, como espacio de transculturación y de sincretismo, depende de una teleología conciliadora de la diferencia. Cuestionando esta narrativa hegemónica, el presente ensayo ofrece una relectura de Fernando Ortiz, Edouard Glissant y Manuel Zapata Olivella a partir de lo que denomino el desafío a la pretensión unitaria de la identidad por vía negativa. Reflexiono sobre el potencial crítico del antagonismo y la violencia en la construcción de imaginarios históricos alternativos desde y sobre la región. As a site of intense relationality and encounter, the Caribbean has been constituted as a singular phenomenon. Its affirmation as a socio-cultural area, as the space of transculturación and syncretism, is determined by a conciliatory teleology regarding difference. To question this hegemonic cultural discourse, this essay offers a re-reading of Fernando Ortiz, Edouard Glissant and Manuel Zapata Olivella from what I will term a negative approach to and challenge of the unitary claim of identity. Through their work, I reflect on the critical potential of antagonism and violence in the construction of an alternative historical imaginary from and about the region.

  3. Evaluación biológica de una fracción de la esponja marina Topsentia ophiraphidites del Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Blandón G.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la actividad antiproliferativa y genotóxica de una fracción con actividad citotóxica obtenida de la esponja marina del Caribe colombiano Topsentia ophiraphidites (Fracción T4. Materiales y métodos. La fracción T4 de la esponja marina Topsentia ophiraphidites fue obtenida en el laboratorio de Productos Naturales Marinos de la Universidad de Antioquia. La actividad antiproliferativa se evaluó mediante ensayos de eficiencia de clonación, función de acumulación y cinética proliferativa por intercambio de cromátidas hermanas (ICH; la actividad genotóxica se evaluó mediante electroforesis en gel de células individuales (Ensayo cometa e intercambio de cromátidas hermanas (ICH. Todas las pruebas fueron realizadas sobre las líneas celulares Jurkat y CHO. Resultados. La fracción T4 afectó el ciclo celular de las células CHO y mostró daño genotóxica crónico en las células Jurkat. Conclusiones. Se recomienda la evaluación de la fracción T4 en otras líneas celulares derivadas de tumor con el fin de determinar un posible efecto diferencial, además de evaluar otras actividades de tipo antimicrobiano, antimalárico, entre otros.

  4. Alternativas de financiamiento de la atención médica en América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Coelho Campino

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Dada la magnitud del problema de salud en los paises de America Latina y el Caribe, el déficit de recursos financieros necesarios para proveer atención médica no se puede cubrir a través de aumentos en los precios, o adoptando medidas como pago por servicio o cobro por los costos de los servicios. Es necesario recurrir a la política fiscal. Se demuestra que es posible aumentar los recursos disponibles para la atención médica, tanto por el aumento en la recaudación de impuestos, como por la toma de decisión política de aumentar los ingresos del gobierno destinados a financiar la atención médica. Se revisa la experiencia de los Fondos de Emergencia Social y de las operaciones de cambio de deuda por salud como importantes fuentes adicionales de recursos especialmente para financiar la inversión.

  5. Alternativas de financiamiento de la atención médica en América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campino Antonio Carlos Coelho

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Dada la magnitud del problema de salud en los paises de America Latina y el Caribe, el déficit de recursos financieros necesarios para proveer atención médica no se puede cubrir a través de aumentos en los precios, o adoptando medidas como pago por servicio o cobro por los costos de los servicios. Es necesario recurrir a la política fiscal. Se demuestra que es posible aumentar los recursos disponibles para la atención médica, tanto por el aumento en la recaudación de impuestos, como por la toma de decisión política de aumentar los ingresos del gobierno destinados a financiar la atención médica. Se revisa la experiencia de los Fondos de Emergencia Social y de las operaciones de cambio de deuda por salud como importantes fuentes adicionales de recursos especialmente para financiar la inversión.

  6. Assessment of surface-water quantity and quality, Eagle River watershed, Colorado, 1947-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Cory A.; Moore, Jennifer L.; Richards, Rodney J.

    2011-01-01

    From the early mining days to the current tourism-based economy, the Eagle River watershed (ERW) in central Colorado has undergone a sequence of land-use changes that has affected the hydrology, habitat, and water quality of the area. In 2000, the USGS, in cooperation with the Colorado River Water Conservation District, Eagle County, Eagle River Water and Sanitation District, Upper Eagle Regional Water Authority, Colorado Department of Transportation, City of Aurora, Town of Eagle, Town of Gypsum, Town of Minturn, Town of Vail, Vail Resorts, City of Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs Utilities, and Denver Water, initiated a retrospective analysis of surface-water quantity and quality in the ERW.

  7. Promoting Equalization and Local Control in Financing Colorado's Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathers, Judith K.; King, Richard A.

    1997-01-01

    Per-pupil property valuation extremes among Colorado school districts are as varied as the landscape. A foundation plan levels funding disparities for school operations, but financing of major capital outlay projects still depends on local property taxation. Funds are needed to finance classroom technologies and Internet connections. (MLH)

  8. Colorado Model Content Standards for Music: Suggested Grade Level Expectations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

    The state of Colorado has set forth five content standards for music education in its public schools: (1) students sing or play on instruments a varied repertoire of music, alone or with others; (2) students will read and notate music; (3) students will create music; (4) students will listen to, analyze, evaluate, and describe music; and (5)…

  9. Problem Based Learning at the University of Colorado at Denver.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffield, Judith A.; Grabinger, R. Scott

    This paper provides a brief overview of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) as an instructional methodology. A description of a graduate program for practicing teachers at the University of Colorado at Denver (UCD) is also included. Problem-based learning is a student-centered instructional methodology that teaches content and skills within a knowledge…

  10. Looking Forward: Colorado's Fiscal Prospects Amid a Financial Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Wade, Ed.; Jones, Rich, Ed.; Watt, Joe, Ed

    2009-01-01

    This report projects the amount Colorado would need to spend to maintain state services at 2007 levels through fiscal year 2012-13 and the amount of revenues that will be generated to pay for them. The costs of services were estimated based on factors that drive the budget, such as the number of students in college, inflation rates and the number…

  11. 78 FR 62001 - Colorado Disaster Number CO-00066

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-10

    ... ADMINISTRATION Colorado Disaster Number CO-00066 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1...: 06/24/2014. ADDRESSES: Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration... CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street...

  12. 78 FR 62001 - Colorado Disaster Number CO-00065

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-10

    ... ADMINISTRATION Colorado Disaster Number CO-00065 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 3... loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center, 14925... Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington, DC...

  13. From Colorado to Guam: Infant Diagnostic Audiological Evaluations by Telepractice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Deborah; Eclavea, Elaine; Dreith, Susan; Habte, Bereket

    2012-01-01

    This manuscript describes a pilot project in which infants in Guam who refer on newborn hearing screening receive diagnostic audiological evaluation conducted by audiologists in Colorado over the Internet (telepractice). The evaluation is completed in real time using commercially-available software and personal computers to control the diagnostic…

  14. The Colorado Gambling Boom: An Experiment in Rural Community Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokowski, Patricia A.

    1992-01-01

    Three small Colorado towns that faced a declining economy as the mining resource ran out used gambling-based tourism as a strategy for community development. Although economic benefits to the towns have far exceeded expectations, negative social, environmental, and political changes, such as crime alcoholism, traffic problems, and conflicts…

  15. 78 FR 60008 - Colorado Disaster Number CO-00065

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION Colorado Disaster Number CO-00065 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 2... applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing And Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road.... Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington, DC 20416....

  16. The Colorado Plateau IV: shaping conservation through science and management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakeling, Brian F.; Sisk, Thomas D.

    2010-01-01

    Roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States, the Colorado Plateau covers some 130,000 square miles of sparsely vegetated plateaus, mesas, canyons, arches, and cliffs in Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico. With elevations ranging from 3,000 to 14,000 feet, the natural systems found within the plateau are dramatically varied, from desert to alpine conditions. This book focuses on the integration of science and resource management issues in this unique and highly varied environment. Broken into three subsections, this volume addresses conservation biology, biophysical resources, and inventory and monitoring concerns. The chapters range in content, addressing conservation issues–past, present, and future–on the Colorado Plateau, measurement of human impacts on resources, grazing and wildland-urban interfaces, and tools and methods for monitoring habitats and species. An informative read for people interested in the conservation and natural history of the region, the book will also serve as a valuable reference for those people engaged in the management of cultural and biological resources of the Colorado Plateau, as well as scientists interested in methods and tools for land and resource management throughout the West.

  17. Telehealth: Families Finding Ways to Connect in Rural Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Kristen

    2011-01-01

    JFK Partners, at the University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, is currently implementing a study on the use of telehealth (receiving treatment or services using videoconferencing technology, such as Skype) and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anxiety. The study is an exploratory grant from Health Resources and Services…

  18. Small-Scale Spatial Variability of Ozone in Boulder, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deanes, L. N.; Sadighi, K.; Casey, J. G.; Collier, A. M.; Hannigan, M.

    2015-12-01

    Surface ozone (O3) can pose several health risks to humans, such as an increased number of and intensity of asthma attacks. Considering this, it is important that ozone levels are monitored. While municipal air quality monitors are present in cities like Boulder, Colorado, these monitors often only consider regional analysis, neglecting the variability of compounds, such as ozone or carbon monoxide, over smaller distances. Small-scale (approximately 1 kilometer) spatial variability in ozone is important because humans experience these small scales on a daily basis. Using low-cost, next-generation air quality monitors ("pods") developed at the University of Colorado-Boulder, we assessed small-scale spatial variability of surface ozone in Boulder, Colorado. This was done by placing clusters of 4-5 pods within approximately 1 kilometer of each other at specific sites in the city of Boulder. We collected data at two sites: one on the University of Colorado-Boulder campus (i.e., an urban site) and one outside of the city (i.e., a rural site). Pods were left in their positions for one to two weeks allowing for observation of ozone trends. As expected the typical diurnal trend was observed; however, further analysis revealed differences between these daily trends. Data collected by the pods allows for better understanding of small-scale spatial variability of surface ozone and how this may be driven by nearby sources.

  19. Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Mousumi; Jordan, Thomas H; Pederson, Joel

    2009-06-18

    The forces that drove rock uplift of the low-relief, high-elevation, tectonically stable Colorado Plateau are the subject of long-standing debate. While the adjacent Basin and Range province and Rio Grande rift province underwent Cenozoic shortening followed by extension, the plateau experienced approximately 2 km of rock uplift without significant internal deformation. Here we propose that warming of the thicker, more iron-depleted Colorado Plateau lithosphere over 35-40 Myr following mid-Cenozoic removal of the Farallon plate from beneath North America is the primary mechanism driving rock uplift. In our model, conductive re-equilibration not only explains the rock uplift of the plateau, but also provides a robust geodynamic interpretation of observed contrasts between the Colorado Plateau margins and the plateau interior. In particular, the model matches the encroachment of Cenozoic magmatism from the margins towards the plateau interior at rates of 3-6 km Myr(-1) and is consistent with lower seismic velocities and more negative Bouguer gravity at the margins than in the plateau interior. We suggest that warming of heterogeneous lithosphere is a powerful mechanism for driving epeirogenic rock uplift of the Colorado Plateau and may be of general importance in plate-interior settings. PMID:19536263

  20. 'Pot Tourists' Linked to Surge in Colorado ER Visits

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... pot is so well-known, Hill said, that tourism boards have taken out billboards that say, "Don't let a candy bar ruin your vacation. With edibles, start low and go slow." The Colorado Legislature also has pumped more ...

  1. 77 FR 40630 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that... competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920,...

  2. Iglesia y Sociedad: 500 Años en Puerto Rico y el Caribe, Siglo XVI. Actas del II Simposio «Las primeras diócesis y la estructura eclesial hispanoantillana durante el siglo XVI: su impacto sociocultural». [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Luque-Alcaide, E. (Elisa)

    2009-01-01

    Reseña de: Manuel Alvarado Morales – Marie Minette Díaz Burley (eds.), Iglesia y Sociedad: 500 Años en Puerto Rico y el Caribe, Siglo XVI. Actas del II Simposio «Las primeras diócesis y la estructura eclesial hispanoantillana durante el siglo XVI: su impacto sociocultural», Arzobispado de San Juan de Puerto Rico-Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y El Caribe-Centro de Investigaciones Históricas de la Universidad de Puerto Rico-Academia Puertorriqueña de ...

  3. Cúales son los síntomas menopáusicos más prevalentes en mujeres de tres comunidades étnicas de la costa Caribe colombiana?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vásquez -Medrano Saret

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: evaluar con “Menopause Rating Scale” la frecuencia y severidad de síntomas menopáusicos presentes en mujeressaludables de 40-59 años de edad que son originarias y residen en distintas comunidades del Caribe colombiano.MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio cross-sectional. Con instrumentos aplicados entre noviembre del 2006 y enero del 2009 a mujeressaludables entre 40 y 59 años de edad, tomadas de comunidades afrodescendientes (San Cayetano, Bolívar, indígenas (San Andrésde Sotavento, Córdoba e hispánicas (Cartagena, Bolívar todas de la costa Caribe colombiana. Se aplicó la escala de calidad de vida“Menopause Rating Scale” en su versión en lengua española. Se llenaron 1257 formularios, de los cuales se eliminaron 42 (3.3% porestar incompletos. 1215 mujeres caribeñas colombianas están incluidas en la presente evaluación. El análisis fue realizado con SPSS15.0. Los datos se expresan en medias con desviación estándar y en porcentajes. Se realizaron análisis no paramétricos para evaluardeferencias debido a la falta de normalidad de los datos. Una P<0,05 fue considerada significativa. Se obtuvo consentimientoinformado por parte de las participantes.RESULTADOS: 1215 mujeres caribeñas colombianas se incluyeron en la evaluación, que hacen parte de un grupo mayor queconforman el estudio CAVIMEC (Calidad de Vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas. 36.5% indígenas Zenúes, 32.4% afrodescendientes y 31.0% hispánicas. Edad promedio: 49.7 +/- 5.9 años, escolaridad promedio: 4.9 +/- 4.0 años, nunca fumadoras: 783(64.4%. En posmenopausia: 579 (47.7% y edad promedio de menopausia: 49.0 +/- 2.8. Los síntomas menopáusicos en orden defrecuencia manifestados por las mujeres involucradas fueron: dolores musculares y articulares: 72.9%, sofocos, sudoración, oleadasde calor: 70.4%, cansancio físico y mental: 68.8% e irritabilidad: 62.0%. Los problemas de vejiga, sequedad vaginal y sexuales fueronreportados por el 47

  4. Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prairie, J. R.; Jerla, C.

    2012-12-01

    The Colorado River Basin Water Supply & Demand Study (Study), part of the Basin Study Program under the Department of the Interior's WaterSMART Program, is being conducted by the Bureau of Reclamation and agencies representing the seven Colorado River Basin States. The purpose of the Study is to assess future water supply and demand imbalances in the Colorado River Basin over the next 50 years and develop and evaluate options and strategies to resolve those imbalances. The Study is being conducted over the period from January 2010 to September 2012 and contains four major phases: Water Supply Assessment, Water Demand Assessment, System Reliability Analysis, and Development and Evaluation of Opportunities for balancing supply and demand. To address the considerable amount of uncertainty in projecting the future state of the Colorado River system, the Study has adopted a scenario planning approach that has resulted in four water supply scenarios and up to six water demand scenarios. The water supply scenarios consider hydrologic futures derived from the observed historical and paleo-reconstructed records as well as downscaled global climate model (GCM) projections. The water demand scenarios contain differing projections of parameters such as population growth, water use efficiency, irrigated acreage, and water use for energy that result in varying projections of future demand. Demand for outdoor municipal uses as well as agricultural uses were adjusted based on changing rates of evapotranspiration derived from downscaled GCM projections. Water supply and demand scenarios are combined through Reclamation's long-term planning model to project the effects of future supply and demand imbalances on Colorado River Basin resources. These projections lend to an assessment of the effectiveness of a broad range of options and strategies to address future imbalances.

  5. «Sexilios»: hacia una nueva poética de la erótica caribeña «Sexiles»: toward a new poetics of the Caribbean erotic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda MARTÍNEZ-SAN MIGUEL

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como punto de partida las definiciones de sexilio que manejan los críticos de estudios sobre la sexualidad en el Caribe y los estudiantes de subgrado estadounidense, este ensayo estudia el exilio de las minorías sexuales en Puerto Rico y Cuba. Este estudio se enfoca en el sexilio de personajes masculinos y analiza cómo Luis Rafael Sánchez, Reinaldo Arenas y Manuel Ramos Otero representan la definición tradicional del sexilio para explorar de qué maneras puede transformarse esta noción al añadírsele la acepción que aportan las nuevas generaciones de estudiantes de subgrado. El ensayo concluye entonces evaluando las ventajas y desventajas de proponer el sexilio como una poética de la erótica caribeña que redefine los discursos sobre identidad colectiva en el Caribe.Taking as a point of departure the definition of sexile used by critics of queer Caribbean studies, as well as the definition used by U.S. American undergraduate students, this essay studies exile of sexual minorities in Cuba and Puerto Rico. This study focuses on masculine sexile, and studies how Luis Rafael Sánchez, Reinaldo Arenas, and Manuel Ramos Otero depict the traditional definition of sexile to explore how this notion can be transformed when we add the new meaning used by younger generations of undergraduates. The essay concludes by reflecting on the advantages and disadvantages of proposing sexile as a poetic for Caribbean eroticism that ultimately redefines collective identity discourses in the Caribbean.

  6. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project in Colorado: Colorado state fiscal year 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-11-01

    The Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year 1994. To capture employment information, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Naturita, Gunnison, and Rifle, Colorado. Economic data were requested from each site prime subcontractor, as well as from the Remedial Action Contractor. The most significant benefits associated with the UMTRA Project in Colorado are summarized. This study assesses benefits associated with the Grand Junction, Gunnison, Naturita, and Rifle UMTRA Projects sites for the 1-year period under study. Work at the Naturita site was initiated in April 1994 and involved demolition of buildings at the processing site. Actual start-up of remediation of Naturita is planned to begin in the spring of 1995. Work at the Slick Rock and Maybell sites is expected to begin in 1995. The only current economic benefits associated with these sites are related to UMTRA Project support work.

  7. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project in Colorado: Colorado state fiscal year 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Colorado economic impact study summarizes employment and economic benefits to the state from activities associated with the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project during Colorado state fiscal year 1994. To capture employment information, a questionnaire was distributed to subcontractor employees at the active UMTRA Project sites of Grand Junction, Naturita, Gunnison, and Rifle, Colorado. Economic data were requested from each site prime subcontractor, as well as from the Remedial Action Contractor. The most significant benefits associated with the UMTRA Project in Colorado are summarized. This study assesses benefits associated with the Grand Junction, Gunnison, Naturita, and Rifle UMTRA Projects sites for the 1-year period under study. Work at the Naturita site was initiated in April 1994 and involved demolition of buildings at the processing site. Actual start-up of remediation of Naturita is planned to begin in the spring of 1995. Work at the Slick Rock and Maybell sites is expected to begin in 1995. The only current economic benefits associated with these sites are related to UMTRA Project support work

  8. TIBURONES Y RAYAS (SUBCLASE ELASMOBRANCHII) DESCARTADOS POR LA FLOTA DE ARRASTRE CAMARONERO EN EL CARIBE DE COLOMBIA Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii) Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Molina E.; Grijalba-Bendeck M.; Moreno C; Moreno F.; Bohórquez-Herrera J.; Acevedo K.; Gómez-Canchong P.

    2007-01-01

    Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo,...

  9. Estudio de línea base sobre el manejo de las aguas residuales domésticas en países de la Región del Gran Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Palacios, Félix; Villasol, Antonio; Chabalina, Liuba; García, Ernesto; García, Orleans; Tosic, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Los vertidos de aguas residuales domésticas a las aguas marinas sin tratamiento apropiado constituyen una fuente importante de contaminación a la Región del Gran Caribe (RGC) y representa una amenaza para el desarrollo sostenible. El trabajo muestra un Estudio de Línea Base sobre el manejo de las aguas residuales domésticas en ecosistemas marino-costeros contaminados hot spots de Colombia (Bahía de Cartagena), Jamaica (Bahía de Kingston), Nicaragua (Bahía de Bluefields), Trinidad ...

  10. El día de la Independencia en Colombia. La exclusión de los hechos históricos de la región Caribe. 1821-1919

    OpenAIRE

    Raúl Román Romero; Vanessa Niño de Villeros

    2013-01-01

    Se realiza un análisis de la manera como se elabora e impone la fecha del 20 de julio como día de la independencia de Colombia y se indaga por el contexto en que esta imposición se dio. También se presentan las vicisitudes que enfrentó la construcción de esta fecha como referente de la memoria histórica de la independencia colombiana, y la resistencia que surgieron desde otras regiones, como el caribe colombiano, frente a la imposición de una representación que solo promovía los acontecimient...

  11. Primer concurso y exposición de videoarte de América Latina y El Caribe Title: First Latin American and Caribbean Video Art Competition and Exhibit

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID); Instituto Italo-Latinoamericano (IILA)

    2003-01-01

    Una exhibición de videoarte de América Latina y el Caribe, primera en su género presentada en Washington, D.C., mostró 53 videos, de menos de cinco minutos cada uno, seleccionados por un jurado internacional, de un total de 235 videos provenientes de 21 países. Los videos también se proyectaron en el Istituto Italo-Latinoamericano (IILA) de Roma, Italia y luego comenzarán un ciclo itinerante por varios museos internacionales. Se otorgaron dos primeros premios, cuatro menciones honoríficas y 5...

  12. Evaluación preliminar de la economía extralegal en 12 países de Latinoamérica y el Caribe: Reporte de la investigación en Bolivia

    OpenAIRE

    Instituto Libertad y Democracia (ILD)

    2006-01-01

    El presente estudio forma parte de una serie de evaluaciones preliminares de la extralegalidad que se ha llevado a cabo en doce países de América Latina y el Caribe: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haití, Honduras, México, Panamá, Perú y República Dominicana. Ha sido cofinanciado por el Fondo Multilateral de Inversiones del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y recursos propios del Instituto Libertad y Democracia. Su objetivo fundamental es crear conciencia acerc...

  13. Cobertura de la ciencia de América Latina y el Caribe en Scopus vs Web of Science Coverage in Scopus vs. Web of Science off research produced in Latin America and the Caribbean

    OpenAIRE

    Samaly Santa; Víctor Herrero-Solana

    2010-01-01

    El propósito del presente trabajo es analizar y comparar el grado de cobertura de las revistas, la producción científica y la visibilidad que tienen los mayores productores de América Latina y el Caribe (LAC) en las bases de datos del Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) y Scopus. Los resultados demuestran una amplia cobertura de las revistas nacionales indizadas en SCimago Journal and Country Rank frente a las que incluye journal Citation Report (JCR). Sin embargo, muchas de estas inco...

  14. Sistema de información sobre las políticas de ciencia, tecnología e innovación en América Latina y el Caribe: Avances sobre un cuestionario

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Albornoz

    2007-01-01

    Esta presentación propone crear un sistema de información sobre las políticas de ciencia, tecnología e innovación en América Latina y el Caribe que tome en cuenta y complemente las experiencias ya existentes. La presentación incluye los motivos para crear este sistema, un estado de la cuestión y describe cómo efectuar un análisis cuali-cuantitativo que genere una sinergia entre ambos tipos de datos. Este documento fue elaborado para el Diálogo Regional de Política.

  15. El mundo académico y las políticas públicas frente a la urgencia del desarrollo sustentable en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    La relación entre el mundo académico y las políticas públicas (PP) en América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) en función de las tareas del autentico desarrollo sustentable adolece de déficits. Este artículo comienza analizando la relación entre PP y las tareas del desarrollo, y las características que adquiere hoy la gobernanza ambiental. A la luz de las transformaciones de la sociedad del conocimiento y las exigencias propias de la complejidad de la ecología y el ambiente se analizan las interaccio...

  16. Estudio de los principales aspectos biológicos y de distribución de las especies dominantes de Agononida, munida y munidopsis en el Caribe colombiano (Crustacea: Decápoda: Galatheidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Bermúdez Tobón Adriana; Campos Campos Néstor Hernando; Fierro Rengifo Margarita Alejandra

    2004-01-01

    Se analizan los principales aspectos biológicos y de distribución de las especies dominantes de los géneros Agononida, Munida y Munidopsis del mar Caribe colombiano, con base en 1.391 individuos de cinco especies de galatéidos colectados durante las expediciones Macrofauna I y II que llevó a cabo el Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras “José Benito Vives de Andrés”, INVEMAR, entre los años 1998 y 2001, y los cuales se encuentran depositados en el Museo de Historia Natural Marina de...

  17. Autoinforme de salud general en adultos mayores de América Latina y el Caribe: su utilidad como indicador Self-reported general health in older adults in Latin America and the Caribbean: usefulness of the indicator

    OpenAIRE

    Rebeca Wong; Martha Peláez; Alberto Palloni

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Evaluar el autoinforme de salud general (ASG) como indicador de salud y analizar sus covariables en personas de 60 años de edad o más que residían en hogares privados en siete centros urbanos de América Latina y el Caribe. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo transversal basado en los datos de la encuesta Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento (SABE) realizada entre 1999 y 2000 en: Bridgetown, Barbados; Buenos Aires, Argentina; México, D.F., México; Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba; Montevideo, Urugua...

  18. El legado de los inmigrantes árabes y judíos al desarrollo económico de la Costa Caribe colombiana y a la conformación de su empresariado entre 1850-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Katya Inéso Igirio Gamero

    2014-01-01

    Árabes y judíos jugaron un papel significativo en el desarrollo económico del Caribe colombiano entre los años 1850 y 2000. Para comprender su influencia, se hace necesario conocer sus orígenes, las condiciones que generaron las migraciones de sus pueblos y los principales obstáculos que encontraron al llegar. También quiénes fueron los pioneros, cómo fue su ascenso social y establecer cuáles son sus principales aportes al desarrollo empresarial, político y sociocultural de la región.Este est...

  19. Evaluación morfológica y molecular de accesiones de anonáceas (anón, chirimoya y atemoya) en condiciones in situ, de las regiones Andina y Caribe Colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Castañeda Garzón, Sandra Liliana

    2014-01-01

    A través de la prospección de los recursos fitogenéticos de especies de la familia Annonaceae en Colombia (2009 y 2011), se conformó una población in situ compuesta por 167 accesiones, de cinco especies y un híbrido interespecífico (Annona cherimola, A. glabra, A. reticulata, A. squamosa, Rollinia sp. y A. squamosa x A. cherimola), distribuidas en 13 departamentos y 48 municipios de las regiones Andina y Caribe. Estableciendo y enriqueciendo tres colecciones de trabajo, conform...

  20. Informe del Taller sobre Modelación para la Evaluación Regional de Cambio Climático y Agricultura en Latinoamérica y el Caribe (LAC)

    OpenAIRE

    RODRIGUEZ BAIDE JOYSEE; RIAÑO H Néstor Miguel; VAN DEN BERG MAURITS; VALDIVIA Roberto; BOOTE Kenneth; Porter, Cheryl; Stockle, Claudio; Jarvis, Andrew; Guevara, Edgardo; RUANE Alex

    2016-01-01

    Este reporte presenta las actividades y contenido del Taller Sobre la Modelación para la Evaluación Regional de Cambio Climático y la Agricultura para Latinoamérica y el Caribe (LAC), realizado en Manizales, Colombia, del 28 de septiembre al 2 de octubre del 2015. El taller fue co-organizado por el Centro Común de Investigación (JRC, por sus siglas en inglés) de la Comisión Europea (CE), el Proyecto de Mejoramiento e Inter- comparación de Modelos para la Agricultura (AgMIP), y el Centro Inter...

  1. Moluscos; anélidos y crustáceos asociados a las raíces de rhizophora mangle linnaeus, en la región de santa marta, caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Reyes, Rosalba; Campos C, Néstor Hernando

    2012-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio trimestral cualitativo y cuantitativo de la comunidad de moluscos, anélidos y crustáceos asociados a las raíces sumergidas del mangle rojo, Rhizophora mangle Linnaeus, entre diciembre de 1988 y septiembre de 1989, en tres estaciones en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (CGSM) y tres en el Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona (PNNT, Bahía de Chengue y Bahía de Nenguange), Caribe colombiano. Se determinaron 181 especies: 99 crustáceos, 50 moluscos y 32 anélidos. En total se cont...

  2. Patrones biotipológicos a nivel foliar de la vegetación y su respuesta a las series hídricas en áreas de la Región Caribe de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Berdugo Lattke, Mary Lee

    2011-01-01

    Se presentan los resultados del análisis de las variaciones morfo-ecológicas en diferentes formaciones vegetales a lo largo de un gradiente de precipitación en localidades del Caribe de Colombia. El patrón biotipológico para todo el gradiente de precipitación corresponde a hojas simples, grandes (mesófilas y macrófilas), alargadas, de borde entero, ápice puntiforme, con base aguda u obtusa, consistencia membranosa y subcoriácea, sin protección, nerviación penninervia y tipo de grosor B (0.16 ...

  3. Este cuerpo es mío. Manifestaciones culturales contemporáneas en torno a la violencia machista en América Central y el Caribe español

    OpenAIRE

    Quiñones Otal, Emilia

    2010-01-01

    La violencia contra las mujeres en América Central y el Caribe español tiene unas variantes que son difíciles de ver en otros países del mundo. Aunque ello no quiere decir que carezca de las manifestaciones más típicas como la violencia dentro de la pareja. Las artistas de estos países se han preocupado por denunciar y criticar la violencia machista, así como a los gobiernos e instituciones por prestar poca atención al problema. Los proyectos artísticos que tratan el tema ...

  4. Foraminíferos en los sedimentos superficiales del sistema lagunar de cispatá y la interacción río sinú-mar caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal, Gladys; Ruiz-Ochoa, Mauricio A.; Piedrahita, María Teresa; Restrepo, Evanaam

    2009-01-01

    El sistema lagunar de Cispatá es una importante zona de manglar en el Caribe colombiano. Se formó durante la evolución del delta del río Sinú y su dinámica depende del río y el mar. Se hizo un estudio de los foraminíferos bentónicos en los sedimentos superficiales como bioindicadores de la interacción fluviomarina. Se estableció la abundancia de foraminíferos y las asociaciones de especies de la epifauna. Se identificaron 82 especies. Las más abundantes fueron Trochammina inflata, Arenoparrel...

  5. Sistema de escalas para la clasificación y puntaje de condición del bentos e ictiofauna de arrecifes coralinos de Cuba y del Gran Caribe.

    OpenAIRE

    Durán, A.; Alcolado, P. M.

    2011-01-01

    Se propone un sistema de escalas de clasificación y puntaje de bioindicadores de de condición del bentos y de la ictiofauna de arrecifes coralinos de la metodología AGRRA (Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment), con algunos márgenes de variación más amplios que los aplicados en la Región del Arrecife Mesoamericano por otros autores. Por esa razón puede ser aplicable tanto en Cuba como en el Gran Caribe. Las escalas tienen cinco categorías de condición de los indicadores a los que c...

  6. METODOLOGÍA DE CÁLCULO DE LA CAPACIDAD DE CARGA TURÍSTICA COMO HERRAMIENTA PARA LA GESTIÓN AMBIENTAL Y SU APLICACIÓN EN CINCO PLAYAS DEL CARIBE NORTE COLOMBIANO

    OpenAIRE

    BOTERO SALTARÉN CAMILO; HURTADO GARCÍA YURI; GONZÁLEZ PORTO JOSÉ; OJEDA MANJARRÉS MAYLE; DÍAZ ROCCA LUZ HELENA

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una metodología para medir la capacidad de carga en playas turísticas, más allá del solo componente ambiental. Además, concibe la playa como un sistema complejo en movimiento hacia su desarrollo sostenible. Se seleccionaron y clasificaron cinco playas del Caribe Norte Colombiano, a través de cuatro sub- usos turísticos: intensivo, de conservación, compartido y étnico. Con revisiones normativas, trabajo de campo y diseño de indicadores, se analizaron el soporte ambiental...

  7. El Movimiento pro-Regionalismos Alternativos frente a la Nueva Relación Estratégica América Latina, Caribe - Unión Europea. Reflexiones desde una perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Icaza Garza, Rosalba

    2007-01-01

    textabstractIntroducción: El 11 de Mayo del 2006, en el marco de la 4ª. Cumbre de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de América Latina, el Caribe y la Unión Europea (ALCUE) los y las representantes oficiales posaron para la tradicional foto del recuerdo.1 Instantes previos al fin de esta actividad, Evangelina Carrozo reina del Carnaval de la ciudad Argentina de Gualeguaychu y activista de Greenpeace protestó contra la construcción de dos compañías papeleras de capital Finés y Español ...

  8. Urbanización y sistema de asentamientos en los países menos urbanizados de América Latina y El Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egea Jiménez, Carmen

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this report is to analyse the population distribution, urbanization process and settlement system of less urbanized Latin American and Caribbean countries. The first thing, and as so an introduction, it explains the urbanization process of the whole region in the world-wide context from 1955 to 2025, thus as a populational evolution tipology of all Latin American countries from 1950 to current census. The third part, the more extensive one, is about the poblacional problem of less urbanized countries of the region in two periods: 1970-1975 and 1990-1995.

    [es] Urbanización y sistema de asentamientos en los países menos urbanizados de América Latina y el Caribe. El objetivo prioritario de este artículo es analizar la distribución de la población, proceso de urbanización y sistema de asentamientos de los países menos urbanizados de América Latina y el Caribe, si bien en principio, y con carácter introductorio, se expone el proceso de urbanización del conjunto regional en el contexto mundial desde 1995 hasta el 2025, así como una tipología evolutiva poblacional de todos los países latinoamericanos desde 1950 hasta el censo actual. La tercera parte, la más amplia, centra ya la atención en la problemática poblacional de los países menos urbanizados de la región en dos períodos: 1970-1975 y 1990-1995. [fr] Urbanization et l´habitat des pays moins urbanises de l´Amérique Latine et le Caraïbe. L'objectif principal de cet article c'est l'analyse de la distribution de la population, le procès d'urbanisation et l'habitat des pays moins urbanises de l'Amérique Latine et le Caraïbe, bien qu'en principe, et de manière introductive, on expose le procès d'urbanisation de l'ensemble régionale dans le contexte mondiale après 1995 jusqu'à 2025, même qu'une typologie évolutive populationale de tous les pays latino-américains après 1950 jusqu'à recensement actuel. La troisième parte, la

  9. Distribución de cangrejos ermitaños (Anomura: Paguroidea en el mar Caribe colombiano Hermit crabs (Anomura: Paguroidea distribution patterns in the Colombian Caribbean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibian Martínez Campos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Los cangrejos ermitaños son un grupo representativo de la fauna marina del Caribe colombiano, además, son importantes en el mantenimiento del equilibrio dinámico, en los ecosistemas por sus interacciones ecológicas y también por el impacto en la estabilidad de las redes tróficas. Sus patrones de distribución se identificaron mediante análisis multivariados de clasificación y ordenación espacial, se usaron registros históricos desde 1916 hasta el 2006. Los resultados indican diferencias por profundidad entre la fauna costera y la del talud continental y diferencias en la distribución latitudinal, en donde se encontraron tres grupos: Noreste, Centro y Suroeste, sustentados por diferencias en la composición faunística. Con base en los mapas de ecosistemas marinos de Colombia, se determinó que los principales factores que afectan su distribución son la influencia del talud Caribaná (profundidad, la temperatura de las masas de agua, las praderas de pastos marinos de la Guajira y las condiciones particulares de las ecorregiones Archipiélagos coralinos y Darién. Se identificó la distribución mundial de las especies colombianas y su afinidad geográfica, y se encontró mayor afinidad con el Atlántico norte y las Antillas que con el Atlántico sur y el Golfo de México, asimismo, las subprovincias geográficas que incluyen a Colombia son zonas de transición dentro de la subprovincias septentrionales y australes del Gran CaribeHermit crabs (Anomura: Paguroidea distribution patterns in the Colombian Caribbean Sea. Hermit crabs represent the marine life in the Colombian Caribbean, and are important for the dynamic equilibrium maintenance in ecosystems, the ecological interactions and their impact on food web stability. Generally, in order to come up with some conservation strategies, strong bio-geographical information is needed for policies definition. With this aim, this study analyzed the distribution patterns of hermit crabs in

  10. Adaptación del arroz riego (Oryza sativa L. en el Caribe colombiano Adaptation of irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L. in the colombian Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermes Aramendiz Tatis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, el arroz ocupa el primer lugar en seguridad alimentaria, valor económico y generación de empleo entre los cultivos anuales, siendo el sistema bajo riego más importante. El objetivo fue determinar el progreso, estabilidad y adaptabilidad del rendimiento de arroz bajo riego, en cinco departamentos del caribe colombiano. Se utilizaron datos del Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, correspondiente a los Departamentos de Córdoba, Bolívar, Magdalena, Cesar y Guajira, durante el periodo 1987-2008. La estimación del progreso del rendimiento se realizó a través del análisis de regresión lineal entre los años (variable explicativa y el rendimiento de grano (variable explicada. La estabilidad se determinó a través del coeficiente de variación para tres períodos consecutivos de cinco años y el último de siete. La adaptabilidad, se realizó con el coeficiente de regresión lineal (bi. Los resultados destacan que el progreso en el rendimiento de grano en el Caribe colombiano, osciló entre 1.15% y 3.36% por año y 52.2 y 168.1 kg.ha-1, especialmente en el Departamento de Bolívar (3.36% por año y 168.1 kg.ha-1. La estabilidad, resultó en general alta (CV4.57 para el rendimiento de grano.In Colombia, the rice crop under irrigation system ranks first in food security, economic value and employment offer among annual crops, becoming the most important. The objective of this study was to quantify increasing, stability and adaptability of irrigated rice in five departments of the Colombian Caribbean area. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development for the departments of Cordoba, Bolivar, Magdalena, Cesar and Guajira, during the year period 1987 to 2008 were used. The increasing in yield was determined using the linear regression analysis among years (independent variable and grain yield (dependent variable in each department. The yield stability was determined by the coefficient of variation across of three

  11. Revisiting the isotopes of CO in the troposphere: Comprehensive modeling with the EMAC model and UTLS observations from the CARIBIC platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gromov, S. S.; Joeckel, P.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.

    2012-12-01

    CO is small. We find that inaccurate surface emission estimates are responsible for roughly half of the 13CO discrepancy between our model and observations in the northern hemisphere. Scrutinizing the remote southern hemisphere CO compositions suggests that the most credible explanation for the large underestimation of tropospheric 13CO (not conflicting with the high CH4→CO yield) is the missing larger fractionation during the CO+OH sink at lower temperatures. The comparison of simulated CO compositions with UTLS observations available from the CARIBIC-1 project also supports this conclusion. Overall, the introduced refinements (i.e., the improved emissions and new KIE parameterization) account for an additional overall tropospheric enrichment of 2-3‰ in 13CO content that outbalances excessive 13CO depletion caused by the CH4 contribution. Finally, a detailed analysis of the CARIBIC-1 CO isotope data is conducted. We discuss the application of these unique observations to better constraining the 13C and 18O isotope signatures of the surface and photochemical sources of tropospheric CO.

  12. Revolución y contrarrevolución en el Caribe: España, Trujillo y Fidel Castro en 1959

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Paz Sánchez, Manuel

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Soon after the Cuban Revolution it was found out that its own survival depended mostly on the dissemination of its message in the Caribbean area, and specially on the need to export its revolutionary experience to those territories which, as it was the case with the Dominican Republic, wished to get free from the last dictators in America, the most famous among the latter being Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina. Spain's external position was peculiar in this regard. Within the general framework of its Latin American policy, aiming at the maintenance of diplomatic links in the area, Madrid endeavoured to keep good relationships both with Trujillo 's Dominican Republic and with revolutionary Cuba.

    La Revolución Cubana no tardó en descubrir que una de las claves fundamentales para su propia supervivencia, que estaba ligada, asimismo, a su ideario de insurrección continental era la expansión de su mensaje en la propia zona del Caribe y, en concreto, la necesidad de exportar sus prácticas insurgentes hacia aquellos territorios que, como la República Dominicana, estaban deseando liberarse del yugo de los últimos dictadores de América, entre los que alcanzaba la cúspide de la impopularidad Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina. La posición exterior de España, en tales circunstancias, no dejaba de ser peculiar. En el contexto general de su política hacia América Latina que ansiaba mantener los vínculos diplomáticos, al margen de contingencias más o menos coyunturales, Madrid hizo todo lo posible por entenderse tanto con la República Dominicana del dictador Trujillo como con la Cuba revolucionaria del rebelde Castro.

  13. Composition and evolution of volcanic aerosol from eruptions of Kasatochi, Sarychev and Eyjafjallajökull in 2008–2010 based on CARIBIC observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. F. J. van Velthoven

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Large volcanic eruptions impact significantly on climate and lead to ozone depletion due to injection of particles and gases into the stratosphere where their residence times are long. In this the composition of volcanic aerosol is an important but inadequately studied factor. Samples of volcanically influenced aerosol have been collected following the Kasatochi (Alaska, Sarychev (Russia and also during the Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland eruptions in the period 2008–2010. Sampling was conducted by the CARIBIC platform during regular flights at an altitude of 10–12 km as well as during dedicated flights through the volcanic clouds from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in spring 2010. Elemental concentrations of the collected aerosol were obtained by accelerator-based analysis. Aerosol from the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic clouds was identified by high concentrations of sulfur and elements pointing to crustal origin, and confirmed by trajectory analysis. Signatures of volcanic influence were also used to detect volcanic aerosol in stratospheric samples collected following the Sarychev and Kasatochi eruptions. In total it was possible to identify 17 relevant samples collected between 1 and more than 100 days following the eruptions studied. The volcanic aerosol mainly consisted of ash, sulfate and included a carbonaceous component. Samples collected in the volcanic cloud from Eyjafjallajökull were dominated by the ash and sulfate component (~45% each while samples collected in the tropopause region and LMS mainly consisted of sulfate (50–77% and carbon (21–43%. These fractions were increasing/decreasing with the age of the aerosol. Because of the long observation period, it was possible to analyze the evolution of the relationship between the ash and sulfate components of the volcanic aerosol. From this analysis the residence time (1/e of sulfur dioxide in the studied volcanic cloud was estimated to be 45 days.

  14. Composition and evolution of volcanic aerosol from eruptions of Kasatochi, Sarychev and Eyjafjallajökull in 2008–2010 based on CARIBIC observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Andersson

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Large volcanic eruptions impact significantly on climate and lead to ozone depletion due to injection of particles and gases into the stratosphere where their residence times are long. In this the composition of volcanic aerosol is an important but inadequately studied factor. Samples of volcanically influenced aerosol were collected following the Kasatochi (Alaska, Sarychev (Russia and also during the Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland eruptions in the period 2008–2010. Sampling was conducted by the CARIBIC platform during regular flights at an altitude of 10–12 km as well as during dedicated flights through the volcanic clouds from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in spring 2010. Elemental concentrations of the collected aerosol were obtained by accelerator-based analysis. Aerosol from the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic clouds was identified by high concentrations of sulphur and elements pointing to crustal origin, and confirmed by trajectory analysis. Signatures of volcanic influence were also used to detect volcanic aerosol in stratospheric samples collected following the Sarychev and Kasatochi eruptions. In total it was possible to identify 17 relevant samples collected between 1 and more than 100 days following the eruptions studied. The volcanically influenced aerosol mainly consisted of ash, sulphate and included a carbonaceous component. Samples collected in the volcanic cloud from Eyjafjallajökull were dominated by the ash and sulphate component (∼45% each while samples collected in the tropopause region and LMS mainly consisted of sulphate (50–77% and carbon (21–43%. These fractions were increasing/decreasing with the age of the aerosol. Because of the long observation period, it was possible to analyze the evolution of the relationship between the ash and sulphate components of the volcanic aerosol. From this analysis the residence time (1/e of sulphur dioxide in the studied volcanic cloud was estimated to be 45 ± 22 days.

  15. Estabilidad fenotípica y densidades de planta de genotipos de estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert. en la región Caribe de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarma Orozco Alfredo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios de estabilidad fenotípica son importantes para la siembra de genotipos que muestranun adecuado comportamiento en una o varias zonas. Estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert. es una especierecientemente introducida en Colombia, por tanto, los estudios sobre su adaptación en áreas productorasdel país son escasos. Esta planta se caracteriza por sintetizar glucósidos de diterpeno altamenteedulcorantes con bajo aporte calórico. El presente estudio se realizó en Montería (8º 52' N y 76º 48'O, Colombia, con el objeto de determinar la estabilidad fenotípica de los genotipos Morita 1 y Morita 2de estevia, sembrados en tres densidades de plantas (25, 12.5 y 6.25 plantas/m2 y dispuestos en undiseño de bloques completos al azar, en tres épocas de siembra en el Caribe húmedo de Colombia. Losresultados más importantes señalan que Morita 2, en densidades de 25 plantas/m2, registró los mejoresíndices de estabilidad para el rendimiento de hoja seca/ha (Pig = 0; Pid = 0. Por su parte, éste mismogenotipo presentó una mayor relación hoja/tallo (1.17 ± 0.3 y mayor contenido de glucósidos totales(0.1586 ± 0.024 cuando la radiación solar fue mayor y las densidades eran entre 12.5 y 25 plantas/m2.

  16. Vulnerabilidad socio­económica de los agricultores frente a huracanes en las islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina, Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velásquez Calderón Carolina

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La región del Gran Caribe es una zona que ha sido frecuentemente impactada por huracanes, y la agricultura ha sido uno los sectores productivos más afectados. En las islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina, el paso del huracán Beta en octubre de 2005 dejó impactos severos, principalmente en este sector, lo que demandó investigaciones para contribuir a la gestión del riesgo. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue estimar la vulnerabilidad socio­económica de los agricultores de las islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina, frente a huracanes. La metodología se basó en establecer indicadores que se ajustaron a partir de protocolos y trabajos internacionales, mediante la realización de una encuesta mixta (cualitativa y cuantitativa, con 66 preguntas, aplicada al 56% del total de agricultores durante el año 2008. Los principales resultados obtenidos demostraron que, en términos generales, nueve de las diez microcuencas de las islas tienen un nivel medio de vulnerabilidad y muy alto en la de San Felipe. Los indicadores socio­económicos con un alto y muy alto grado de vulnerabilidad, fueron la falta de organización comunitaria, la falta de estímulos financieros y los bajos ingresos económicos. Con estos resultados, se logró proponer lineamientos para acciones correctivas y de prevención frente al riesgo social construido.

  17. Creación y apropiación de espacios sociales en el turismo gay: Identidad, consumo y mercado en el Caribe mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha García Ortega

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace por lo menos una década, se ha insistido mucho en la orientación mundial del turismo como una opción de desarrollo. Visto a través de estudios de mercadotecnia, este sector económico, sea cual sea su versión, ha proliferado y sentado sus reales en los rincones más remotos del planeta. Del lado de las ciencias sociales existen investigaciones antropológicas abo - cadas a diversos temas; uno de ellos refiere una extensión del paradigma de la otredad al estudiar los procesos de reconocimiento del otro en contextos turísticos. Una línea de trabajo más a tono en México, guiada por la noción de patrimonio, coloca al centro la explotación de los recursos culturales y naturales como fuente de atractivos para visitantes. A partir de estas dos perspectivas se presenta el caso del turismo gay en Cancún, ubicado en la demandante región del Caribe mexi - cano, cuyo despegue e intentos de consolidación como segmento turístico enfrentan diversos di - lemas de orden social y político. En ese entorno se analizan las prácticas de consumo en donde las identidades colectivas se debaten frente a modelos hegemónicos expuestos en los espacios socia - les de interacción creados por el mercado y apropiados como escenarios de contienda simbólica.

  18. Estabilidad fenotípica y densidades de planta de genotipos de estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert. en la región Caribe de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jarma Orozco

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios de estabilidad fenotípica son importantes para la siembra de genotipos que muestran un adecuado comportamiento en una o varias zonas. Estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert. es una especie recientemente introducida en Colombia, por tanto, los estudios sobre su adaptación en áreas productoras del país son escasos. Esta planta se caracteriza por sintetizar glucósidos de diterpeno altamente edulcorantes con bajo aporte calórico. El presente estudio se realizó en Montería (8° 52' N y 76° 48' O, Colombia, con el objeto de determinar la estabilidad fenotípica de los genotipos Morita 1 y Morita 2 de estevia, sembrados en tres densidades de plantas (25, 12.5 y 6.25 plantas/m² y dispuestos en un diseño de bloques completos al azar, en tres épocas de siembra en el Caribe húmedo de Colombia. Los resultados más importantes señalan que Morita 2, en densidades de 25 plantas/m², registró los mejores índices de estabilidad para el rendimiento de hoja seca/ha (Pig = 0; Pid = 0. Por su parte, éste mismo genotipo presentó una mayor relación hoja/tallo (1.17 ± 0.3 y mayor contenido de glucósidos totales (0.1586 ± 0.024 cuando la radiación solar fue mayor y las densidades eran entre 12.5 y 25 plantas/m².

  19. Valoración económica del buceo como estrategia de uso sostenible de la biodiversidad marina, Archipielago de San Andres y Providencia, Caribe Colombiano.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Cruz. Johannie L.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El buceo es un uso alternativo y no consuntivo de la biodiversidad marina que, debidamente practicado, tiene bajo impacto ambiental, estimula la conservación de los arrecifes y es una opción económica para habitantes de áreas arrecifales o con potencial para el buceo. El archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, declarado por UNESCO Reserva Mundial de la Biosfera Seafl ower, con 65.000 km2 de Áreas Marinas Protegidas y un extenso complejo arrecifal coralino, tiene condiciones para convertirse en un sitio de buceo de nivel mundial. Sin embargo, es poco conocido. Esta investigación analiza el potencial económico del buceo en esta región y lo compara con el de sitios muy reconocidos como Bonaire y Gran Caimán. Mediante análisis de la disponibilidad a pagar de buzos visitantes, se intenta valorar el buceo y se caracteriza el tipo de buzos que vienen al archipiélago. Se encontró disposición a pagar cifras superiores a las que se paga actualmente en otras partes del Caribe. Con un potencial estimado en $241 millones de dólares de ingresos anuales, el buceo es una interesante alternativa de desarrollo económico sostenible para estas islas que, a pesar de recibir 360.000 turistas al año, aún presentan un 66.9% de pobreza y altos niveles de desempleo.

  20. Assessing Vulnerability under Uncertainty in the Colorado River Basin: The Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerla, C.; Adams, P.; Butler, A.; Nowak, K.; Prairie, J. R.

    2013-12-01

    Spanning parts of the seven states, of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming, the Colorado River is one of the most critical sources of water in the western United States. Colorado River allocations exceed the long-term supply and since the 1950s, there have been a number of years when the annual water use in the Colorado River Basin exceeded the yield. The Basin is entering its second decade of drought conditions which brings challenges that will only be compounded if projections of climate change are realized. It was against this backdrop that the Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study was conducted. The Study's objectives are to define current and future imbalances in the Basin over the next 50 years and to develop and analyze adaptation and mitigation strategies to resolve those imbalances. Long-term planning in the Basin involves the integration of uncertainty with respect to a changing climate and other uncertainties such as future demand and how policies may be modified to adapt to changing reliability. The Study adopted a scenario planning approach to address this uncertainty in which thousands of scenarios were developed to encompass a wide range of plausible future water supply and demand conditions. Using Reclamation's long-term planning model, the Colorado River Simulation System, the reliability of the system to meet Basin resource needs under these future conditions was projected both with and without additional future adaptation strategies in place. System reliability metrics were developed in order to define system vulnerabilities, the conditions that lead to those vulnerabilities, and sign posts to indicate if the system is approaching a vulnerable state. Options and strategies that reduce these vulnerabilities and improve system reliability were explored through the development of portfolios. Four portfolios, each with different management strategies, were analyzed to assess their effectiveness at

  1. Colorado's Voucher Law:Examining the Claim of Fiscal Neutrality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin G. Welner

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Colorado's voucher law was declared unconstitutional by the Colorado Supreme Court on June 28, 2004. Voucher supporters have begun drafting revised legislation designed to address the legal problem. This article calls into question the key financial claim of revenue neutrality'a claim that was central to the promotion and passage of the departing voucher law. The author concludes that the voucher law was not revenue neutral, even though it attempts to exclude from eligibility those children already enrolled in private schools. In fact, this law, as well as any revised law with similar eligibility provisions, would actually cost taxpayers an additional $10 million per year once fully implemented because the eligibility provision provides little more than a short-term damper on the law's long-term fiscal impact.

  2. Zia Taqueria: Building a Local Supply Chain in Southwestern Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    Sullins, Martha

    2014-01-01

    Zia Taqueria is a full-service restaurant in Durango, Colorado whose owners have steadily increased the proportion of local vegetables, grains and meats they source and serve to their customers. They created new supply chains that add value to heritage products grown in the Four Corners area, invested in building capacity in local farming operations, and created a restaurant brand known for its commitment to serving high-quality, reasonably priced meals. In addition to operating a profitable ...

  3. From Compassion Fatigue to Resilience: Children's Hospital Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Kelly; Griffin, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Background: Healthcare is a stressful profession. The executives at Children's Hospital Colorado are well aware of the affects that caring for sick children and the pressure associated with it have on our entire staff. Understanding what compassion fatigue looks like as well as the importance of stress management and its role in overall wellness for each of our employees led to the interest and support of HeartMath/Caritas workshops. Methods: HeartMath/Caritas training transformed into a prog...

  4. Breeding densities and migration periods of common snipe in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, B.R.; Ryder, R.A.

    1977-01-01

    Breeding densities and migration periods of Common Snipe in Colorado were investigated in 1974-75. Sites studied were near Fort Collins and in North Park, both in north central Colorado; in the Yampa Valley in northwestern Colorado; and in the San Luis Valley in south central Colorado....Estimated densities of breeding snipe based on censuses conducted during May 1974 and 1975 were, by region: 1.3-1.7 snipe/ha near Fort Collins; 0.6 snipe/ha in North Park; 0.5-0.7 snipe/ha in the Yampa Valley; and 0.5 snipe/ha in the San Luis Valley. Overall mean densities were 06 and 0.7 snipe/ha in 1974 and 1975 respectively. On individual study sites, densities of snipe ranged from 0.2 to 2.1 snipe/ha. Areas with shallow, stable, discontinuous water levels, sparse, short vegetation, and soft organic soils had the highest densities.....Twenty-eight nests were located having a mean clutch size of 3.9 eggs. Estimated onset of incubation ranged from 2 May through 4 July. Most nests were initiated in May.....Spring migration extended from late March through early May. Highest densities of snipe were recorded in all regions during l&23 April. Fall migration was underway by early September and was completed by mid-October with highest densities occurring about the third week in September. High numbers of snipe noted in early August may have been early migrants or locally produced juveniles concentrating on favorable feeding areas.

  5. The historical distribution of Gunnison Sage-Grouse in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Clait E.; Oyler-McCance, Sara J.; Nehring, Jennifer A.; Commons, Michelle L.; Young, Jessica R.; Potter, Kim M.

    2014-01-01

    The historical distribution of Gunnison Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus minimus) in Colorado is described based on published literature, observations, museum specimens, and the known distribution of sagebrush (Artemisia spp.). Historically, Gunnison Sage-Grouse were widely but patchily distributed in up to 22 counties in south-central and southwestern Colorado. The historical distribution of this species was south of the Colorado-Eagle river drainages primarily west of the Continental Divide. Potential contact areas with Greater Sage-Grouse (C. urophasianus) were along the Colorado-Eagle river system in Mesa, Garfield, and Eagle counties, west of the Continental Divide. Gunnison Sage-Grouse historically occupied habitats that were naturally highly fragmented by forested mountains and plateaus/mesas, intermountain basins without robust species of sagebrush, and river systems. This species adapted to use areas with more deciduous shrubs (i.e., Quercus spp., Amelanchier spp., Prunus spp.) in conjunction with sagebrush. Most areas historically occupied were small, linear, and patchily distributed within the overall landscape matrix. The exception was the large intermountain basin in Gunnison, Hinsdale, and Saguache counties. The documented distribution east of the Continental Divide within the large expanse of the San Luis Valley (Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, and Rio Grande counties) was minimal and mostly on the eastern, northern, and southern fringes. Many formerly occupied habitat patches were vacant by the mid 1940s with extirpations continuing to the late 1990s. Counties from which populations were recently extirpated include Archuleta and Pitkin (1960s), and Eagle, Garfield, Montezuma, and Ouray (1990s).

  6. Damming Grand Canyon: The 1923 USGS Colorado River Expedition

    OpenAIRE

    Boyer, Diane E.; Webb, Robert H.

    2007-01-01

    In 1923, America paid close attention, via special radio broadcasts, newspaper headlines, and cover stories in popular magazines, as a government party descended the Colorado to survey Grand Canyon. Fifty years after John Wesley Powell's journey, the canyon still had an aura of mystery and extreme danger. At one point, the party was thought lost in a flood. Something important besides adventure was going on. Led by Claude Birdseye and including colorful characters such as early river-runner E...

  7. Infant feeding practices of migrant farmlaborers in Northern Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    O'Malley, Beth

    1989-01-01

    The infant feeding practices and associated environment of 49 infants (6-23 months) of migrant farm laborers in Northern Colorado were investigated during the summer of 1987. Information was collected on 1) breastfeeding practices, 2) introduction of foods and liquids, 3) nutrition and health practices and inadequacies, 4) home living environment, 5) health history, and 6) demographics. Data on the sources of food and nutrition information was collected regarding the 1) u...

  8. PRIVATIZAÇÃO DA EDUCAÇÃO NA AMÉRICA LATINA E NO CARIBE: TENDÊNCIAS E RISCOS PARA OS SISTEMAS PÚBLICOS DE ENSINO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Croso

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A observação de distintas formas de privatização da educação na América Latina e no Caribe suscita indagações sobre seu impacto para a realização da educação como um Direito Humano universal. Neste artigo, compartilhamos algumas expressões do fenômeno, a partir especialmente dos dados encontrados no mapeamento Tendencias de la Privatización de la Educación en América Latina y el Caribe , realizado pela Campanha Latino-Americana pelo Direito à Educação (CLADE, 2014. A partir de análise bibliográfica e legislativa, de dados e entrevistas com ativistas da área, afirma-se o crescimento do fenômeno, a busca pelo lucro e a mercantilização da educação, fragilizando os sistemas públicos educativos, em particular as condições de trabalho do docente, a gestão democrática e o financiamento público adequado.

  9. Medición de la producción científica en América Latina y el Caribe en el campo agrícola y afines: un estudio bibliométrico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saavedra Fernández, Óscar

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-two science and technology indicators from twenty countries, compiled by RICyT were used in an exploratory data analysis about the performance of the countries of the region in the field of Agriculture. Caribbean countries exhibit better performance compared with the rest. Results suggest the idea of widening the scope of such analysis for a larger time span.

    Veintidós indicadores de ciencia y tecnología producidos por la RICyT, correspondientes a veinte países de América Latina y el Caribe son empleados para realizar un análisis exploratorio de datos sobre el desempeño de los países de la región en Ciencias Agrícolas. Se identificaron los países de la cuenca del Caribe con mejor desempeño que los restantes. Los resultados sugieren la idea de extender este tipo de análisis a otras especialidades abarcando una mayor cantidad de años.

  10. Deep mantle forces and the uplift of the Colorado Plateau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moucha, R; Forte, A M; Rowley, D B; Mitrovica, J X; Simmons, N A; Grand, S P

    2009-06-23

    Since the advent of plate tectonics, it has been speculated that the northern extension of the East Pacific Rise, specifically its mantle source, has been over-ridden by the North American Plate in the last 30 Myrs. Consequently, it has also been postulated that the opening of the Gulf of California, the extension in the Basin and Range province, and the uplift of the Colorado Plateau are the resulting continental expressions of the over-ridden mantle source of the East Pacific Rise. However, only qualitative models based solely on surface observations and heuristic, simplified conceptions of mantle convection have been used in support or against this hypothesis. We introduce a quantitative model of mantle convection that reconstructs the detailed motion of a warm mantle upwelling over the last 30 Myrs and its relative advance towards the interior of the southwestern USA. The onset and evolution of the crustal uplift in the central Basin and Range province and the Colorado Plateau is determined by tracking the topographic swell due to this mantle upwelling through time. We show that (1) the extension and magmatism in the central Basin and Range province between 25 and 10 Ma coincides with the reconstructed past position of this focused upwelling, and (2) the southwestern portion of the Colorado Plateau experienced significant uplift between 10 Ma and 5 Ma that progressed towards the northeastern portion of the plateau. These uplift estimates are consistent with a young, ca. 6 Ma, Grand Canyon model and the recent commencement of mafic magmatism.

  11. Cost effectiveness of the 1993 Model Energy Code in Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucas, R.G.

    1995-06-01

    This report documents an analysis of the cost effectiveness of the Council of American Building Officials` 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal-envelope requirements for single-family homes in Colorado. The goal of this analysis was to compare the cost effectiveness of the 1993 MEC to current construction practice in Colorado based on an objective methodology that determined the total life-cycle cost associated with complying with the 1993 MEC. This analysis was performed for the range of Colorado climates. The costs and benefits of complying with the 1993 NIEC were estimated from the consumer`s perspective. The time when the homeowner realizes net cash savings (net positive cash flow) for homes built in accordance with the 1993 MEC was estimated to vary from 0.9 year in Steamboat Springs to 2.4 years in Denver. Compliance with the 1993 MEC was estimated to increase first costs by $1190 to $2274, resulting in an incremental down payment increase of $119 to $227 (at 10% down). The net present value of all costs and benefits to the home buyer, accounting for the mortgage and taxes, varied from a savings of $1772 in Springfield to a savings of $6614 in Steamboat Springs. The ratio of benefits to costs ranged from 2.3 in Denver to 3.8 in Steamboat Springs.

  12. The 2014 Greeley, Colorado Earthquakes: Science, Industry, Regulation, and Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeck, W. L.; Sheehan, A. F.; Weingarten, M.; Nakai, J.; Ge, S.

    2014-12-01

    On June 1, 2014 (UTC) a magnitude 3.2 earthquake occurred east of the town of Greeley, Colorado. The earthquake was widely felt, with reports from Boulder and Golden, over 60 miles away from the epicenter. The location of the earthquake in a region long considered aseismic but now the locus of active oil and gas production prompted the question of whether this was a natural or induced earthquake. Several classic induced seismicity cases hail from Colorado, including the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes in the 1960s and the Paradox Valley earthquakes in western Colorado. In both cases the earthquakes were linked to wastewater injection. The Greeley earthquake epicenter was close to a Class II well that had been injecting waste fluid into the deepest sedimentary formation of the Denver Basin at rates as high as 350,000 barrels/month for less than a year. The closest seismometers to the June 1 event were more than 100 km away, necessitating deployment of a local seismic network for detailed study. IRIS provided six seismometers to the University of Colorado which were deployed starting within 3 days of the mainshock. Telemetry at one site allowed for real time monitoring of the ongoing seismic sequence. Local media interest was extremely high with speculation that the earthquake was linked to the oil and gas industry. The timetable of media demand for information provided some challenges given the time needed for data collection and analysis. We adopted a policy of open data and open communication with all interested parties, and made proactive attempts to provide information to industry and regulators. After 3 weeks of data collection and analysis, the proximity and timing of the mainshock and aftershocks to the C4A injection well, along with a sharp increase in seismicity culminating in an M 2.6 aftershock, led to a decision by the Colorado Oil and Gas Corporation Commission (COGCC) to recommend a temporary halt to injection at the C4A injection well. This was the

  13. Economic impact study of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action project in Colorado: Colorado state fiscal year 1995. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As required by the Romer-Twining Agreement of 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this annual economic impact study for the state of Colorado. This report assesses the economic impacts related to the DOE Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project in Colorado during the state fiscal year (FY) between 1 July 1994 and 30 June 1995. To estimate net economic benefit, employment, salaries and wages, and other related economic benefits are discussed, quantified, and then compared to the state's 10 percent share of the remedial action costs. Actual data obtained from sites currently undergoing remedial action were used as the basis for analyses. If data were not available, estimates were used to derive economic indicators. This study describes the types of employment associated with the UMTRA Project and estimates of the numbers of people employed by UMTRA Project subcontractors in Colorado during state FY 1995. Employment totals are reported in estimated average annual jobs; however, the actual number of workers at the site fluctuates depending on weather and on the status of remedial action activities. In addition, the actual number of people employed on the Project during the year may be higher than the average annual employment reported due to the temporary nature of some of the jobs

  14. Impacto económico de los pagos por carbono y servicios ambientales en las inversiones forestales en la región Caribe de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Fonseca

    2012-01-01

    . Los precios más altos de la madera y una tasa de descuento baja (que representan condiciones macroeconómicas favorables, son los factores determinantes para hacer eficientes y sostenibles las inversiones forestales tanto en bosque secundario como en plantaciones forestales en la región Caribe de Costa Rica.

  15. FORTALECIMIENTO PEDAGÓGICO EN LAS UNIVERSIDADES EN COLOMBIA A TRAVÉS DE LAS TIC. CASO REGIÓN CARIBE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elias Said-Hung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo que se expone a continuación es resultado del proyecto «Diseño de un espacio virtual con recursos tecnológicos para el desarrollo de competencias TIC» (núm. 2011ER101390, realizado en 2012 con el financiamiento del Ministerio de Educación Nacional y la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada en Colombia. En él se analiza el perfil de uso y percepción, así como de los aspectos personales, tecnológicos y de aplicabilidad que inciden en el fortalecimiento de las prácticas pedagógicas en las universidades en Colombia, a través de las TIC, tomando como caso de estudio los profesores de la región Caribe. A partir de 203 docentes universitarios encuestados se aprecia un contexto de empleo de la tecnología de forma tradicional y una alta auto-percepción del aprovechamiento de las TIC en las prácticas pedagógicas de los profesores, las cuales están relacionadas con la edad, el uso de internet y recursos como el chat, entre otros. Los datos mostrados en este artículo nos permiten ver, entre otras cosas, cómo el escenario de uso de las TIC en los profesores universitarios de Colombia ratificaría lo expuesto por Said (2011, en lo que se refiere al nivel medio-bajo de aprovechamiento de estos recursos en las prácticas pedagógicas lideradas por estos con sus estudiantes, pese a la alta percepción que tienen de las potenciales utilidades de las TIC en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Además de mostrarnos un contexto en el que la inclusión digital a través del ejercicio pedagógico de los profesores a cargo de la formación de nuevos profesionales se muestran aún ajenos al modelo constructivista propuesto por Goffman (1974, Lamb, y Kling (2003.

  16. Velocidad de descomposición de la hojarasca en diferentes sustratos de manglar en San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mancera P. José Ernesto

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La degradación de la hojarasca de manglar fue estudiada en diferentes sustratos de tres humedales de manglar
    en San Andrés isla, Caribe colombiano. Las tasas de descomposición de Rhizophora mangle (mangle rojo,
    Laguncularia racemosa (mangle blanco y Avicennia germinans (mangle negro fueron medidas en bolsas tipo
    malla. Algunas bolsas fueron dispuestas bajo el suelo, otras sumergidas en el agua, y otras sobre la superficie
    del suelo. Dos humedales del estudio fueron de borde y uno de tipo interno. Algunos factores fisico-químicos que influyen sobre la descomposición de la materia orgánica vegetal fueron evaluados. El modelo de regresión que mejor de ajustó al comportamiento de descomposición fue el simple de raíz cuadrada. La interacción del tiempo con factores bióticos y abióticos determinó la perdida de biomasa foliar. Las mayores tasas de degradación se obtuvieron en humedales de borde; microambientes acuáticos y edáficos húmedos; sobre la especie A. germinans; y en los lugares con macrofauna consumidora asociada. En las etapas tempranas de descomposición
    se presentó la mayor velocidad de degradación. En general, el menor porcentaje medio de biomasa remanente después de seis semanas de incubación lo presentó A. germinans (35%, respecto a R. mangle (44% y L. racemosa (51%. La pedogénesis en San Andrés isla es autóctona, y reconocer el aporte de la necromasa
    foliar del manglar en la acumulación de sedimentos es indispensable para estimar la estabilidad de los habitats costeros frente a los cambios del nivel del mar e impactos ocasionados por eventuales disturbios naturales. Con base a los resultados obtenidos y aquéllos de trabajos previos relacionados con las tasas de productividad de hojarasca en los mismos humedales de estudio, se propone un modelo básico conceptualcuantitativo de la dinámica producción-descomposición de hojarasca en San Andrés isla.

  17. Very short-lived bromomethanes measured by the CARIBIC observatory over the North Atlantic, Africa and South-East Asia during 2009-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisher, A.; Oram, D. E.; Laube, J. C.; Mills, G. P.; van Velthoven, P.; Zahn, A.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.

    2013-11-01

    Short-lived organic brominated compounds make up a significant part (~20%) of the organic bromine budget in the atmosphere. Emissions of these compounds are highly variable and there are limited measurements, particularly in the extra-tropical upper troposphere/lower stratosphere and tropical troposphere. Measurements of five short-lived bromomethanes (VSLB) were made in air samples collected on the CARIBIC project aircraft over three flight routes; Germany to Venezuela/Columbia during 2009-2011, Germany to South Africa during 2010 and 2011 and Germany to Thailand/Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during 2012 and 2013. In the tropical troposphere, as the most important entrance region to the stratosphere, we observe a total mean organic bromine derived from these compounds across all flights at 10-12 km altitude of 3.4 ± 1.5 ppt. Individual mean tropical tropospheric mixing ratios across all flights were 0.43, 0.74, 0.14, 0.23 and 0.11 ppt for CHBr3, CH2Br2, CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2 and CH2BrCl respectively. The highest levels of VSLS-derived bromine (4.20 ± 0.56 ppt) were observed in flights between Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur indicating that the South China Sea is an important source region for these compounds. Across all routes, CHBr3 and CH2Br2 accounted for 34% (4.7-71) and 48% (14-73) respectively of total bromine derived from the analysed VSLB in the tropical mid-upper troposphere totalling 82% (54-89). In samples collected between Germany and Venezuela/Columbia, we find decreasing mean mixing ratios with increasing potential temperature in the extra-tropics. Tropical mean mixing ratios are higher than extra-tropical values between 340-350 K indicating that rapid uplift is important in determining mixing ratios in the lower tropical tropopause layer in the West Atlantic tropics. O3 was used as a tracer for stratospherically influenced air and we detect rapidly decreasing mixing ratios for all VSLB above ~100 ppb O3 corresponding to the extra-tropical tropopause layer.

  18. Very short-lived bromomethanes measured by the CARIBIC observatory over the North Atlantic, Africa and Southeast Asia during 2009-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisher, A.; Oram, D. E.; Laube, J. C.; Mills, G. P.; van Velthoven, P.; Zahn, A.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.

    2014-04-01

    Short-lived organic brominated compounds make up a significant part of the organic bromine budget in the atmosphere. Emissions of these compounds are highly variable and there are limited measurements, particularly in the extra-tropical upper troposphere/lower stratosphere and tropical troposphere. Measurements of five very short-lived bromomethanes (VSLB) were made in air samples collected on the CARIBIC project aircraft over three flight routes; Germany to Venezuela/Columbia during 2009-2011, Germany to South Africa during 2010 and 2011 and Germany to Thailand/Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during 2012 and 2013. In the tropical troposphere, as the most important entrance region to the stratosphere, we observe a total mean organic bromine derived from these compounds across all flights at 10-12 km altitude of 3.4 ± 1.5 ppt. Individual mean tropical tropospheric mixing ratios across all flights were 0.43, 0.74, 0.14, 0.23 and 0.11 ppt for CHBr3, CH2Br2, CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2 and CH2BrCl respectively. The highest levels of VSLB-derived bromine (4.20 ± 0.56 ppt) were observed in flights between Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur indicating that the South China Sea is an important source region for these compounds. Across all routes, CHBr3 and CH2Br2 accounted for 34% (4.7-71) and 48% (14-73) respectively of total bromine derived from the analysed VSLB in the tropical mid-upper troposphere totalling 82% (54-89). In samples collected between Germany and Venezuela/Columbia, we find decreasing mean mixing ratios with increasing potential temperature in the extra-tropics. Tropical mean mixing ratios are higher than extra-tropical values between 340-350 K indicating that rapid uplift is important in determining mixing ratios in the lower tropical tropopause layer in the West Atlantic tropics. O3 was used as a tracer for stratospherically influenced air and we detect rapidly decreasing mixing ratios for all VSLB above ∼100 ppb O3 corresponding to the extra-tropical tropopause layer.

  19. Educación sobre sexualidad y prevención del VIH: un diagnóstico para América Latina y el Caribe

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMaria, Lisa M.; Galárraga, Omar; Campero, Lourdes; Walker, Dilys M.

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN Objetivo Mostrar, a través de un diagnóstico en América Latina y el Caribe, el panorama legislativo y curricular sobre sexualidad y prevención contra el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) en el ámbito escolar, contrastándolo con los comportamientos sexuales reportados en encuestas demográficas y de salud. Métodos En mayo de 2008 se realizó, con el apoyo del Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas (UNFPA), una encuesta a informantes clave en 34 países de la Región. El cuestionario autoaplicado solicitó información sustantiva de agentes de las diferentes partes interesadas, como ministerios de educación y de salud, sobre los programas de prevención contra el VIH/Sida que se están aplicando en las escuelas. Resultados Respondieron a la encuesta 27 países que representan 95,5% de la población objetivo (6 a 18 años de edad). La mayoría de los países informó tener al menos un libro de texto o un capítulo específico para enseñar los temas de educación sobre sexualidad y prevención del VIH. En la escuela secundaria se cubren la mayor parte de los temas pertinentes relevantes para la educación sobre sexualidad, pero no todos. Por ejemplo, el problema de la discriminación por orientación o preferencia sexual no se incluye en los programas escolares. Conclusiones El material educativo sobre sexualidad debe ser revisado y actualizado periódicamente de modo que refleje los avances en los temas y en la forma de tratar los contenidos. En cada país el currículo debe abordar el tema del respeto a la diversidad sobre orientación, preferencia e identidad sexuales, y en particular el manejo apropiado de la educación para prevenir infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres. Los esfuerzos de evaluación de la efectividad de los programas deben contemplar desenlaces tales como marcadores biológicos (incidencia y prevalencia de ITS y embarazo) y no únicamente indicadores de conocimiento y

  20. Tendencias del cáncer de mama en América Latina y el Caribe Breast cancer trends in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Lozano-Ascencio

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Describir la magnitud y distribución espaciotemporal del cáncer de mama (CaMa en América Latina y el Caribe (LAC de 1979 a 2005. El CaMa destaca como la causa de muerte más importante por tumores malignos en las mujeres latinoamericanas, incluso por arriba del cáncer cervicouterino. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Revisión y organización de las estadísticas nacionales e internacionales (registros, estudios publicados y bases de datos sobre incidencia y mortalidad. Elaboración de estimadores básicos, razones de mortalidad para cada país y análisis de tendencias. RESULTADOS: Aun con el rezago de información presente en la región, se observa un incremento de la incidencia y la mortalidad por CaMa. La razón de muertes/casos en los países de LAC muestra problemas de acceso a la detección y tratamiento. CONCLUSIONES: El reto es mejorar los sistemas de información y la infraestructura diagnóstica para la detección oportuna y el tratamiento adecuado con la finalidad de detener la tendencia ascendente de la mortalidad prematura.Breast cancer is currently the most significant cause of death from malignancies in Latin American women, including cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: Describe the magnitude and spatial-temporal distribution of breast cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC from 1979-2005. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National and international incidence and mortality statistics were reviewed and organized (registries, databases, and published literature, basic estimators and mortality ratios for each country were calculated and trends were analyzed. RESULTS: Despite substantial data gaps in incidence for many countries, an increase in incidence and mortality is observed in LAC countries. Deaths/cases ratios illustrate problems in access to detection and treatment and the greatest gaps are observed in poorer countries. CONCLUSIONS: A regional effort is needed to improve information systems related to cancer in general and breast cancer

  1. Flujos de energía en el sistema de surgencia tropical de la península de la Guajira , Caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Camilo Bernardo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available La Guajira es un sistema de surgencia explotado en el Caribe colombiano. Con el propósito de integrar la información disponible sobre el sistema se construyó un modelo trófico de 27 grupos funcionales usando el programa ECOPATH 5.0 Beta. Se obtuvo una base cuantitativa a través de la construcción del modelo, para compararlo con otros sistemas de surgencia. La Guajira presenta una biomasa total de 68 t/km2/año, la producción primaria neta del sistema es de 1248,51 t/km2/año y las transferencias totales del sistema son de 3.275 t/km2/año, lo que
    indica un ecosistema con una surgencia moderada comparada con otros sitios. Las mayores transferencias de energía se dan del nivel trófico I-II (68,93%, aunque existe una importante proporción de flujos al detritus (32%. Las flotas pesqueras afectan principalmente los recursos
    de las fracciones del nivel trófico III, la flota artesanal esta ejerciendo mayor presión sobre el pámpano, bonito y jurel, la flota parguera sobre pargos y meros y la flota industrial sobre las corvinas. Los resultados en los atributos de madurez del sistema sugieren que La Guajira es un
    ecosistema inmaduro debido a que la relación P/R excede a uno y está en desarrollo debido a la baja ascendencia (33,7% y alta capacidad de desarrollo (66,3% como ocurre con otras surgencias donde se presentan valores de ascendencia entre 20% y 35%. Aunque los datos básicos de entrada en el modelo fueron buenos, debido a las investigaciones que se han elaborado entre 1995 y 2000, existen algunos grupos donde no se encuentra aun información disponible. Especialmente en los valores de biomasa del fitoplancton, invertebrados, bagres, peces depredadores
    pelágicos, así como estimaciones de producción en invertebrados, peces  depredadores pelágicos y peces pequeños pelágicos. No existe una cuantificación de las poblaciones de mamíferos y aves en el área de estudio, los cuales constituyen depredadores

  2. Composición proximal, ácidos grasos y características fisicoquímicas de aceite de harina artesanal de caribe (Serrasalmus rhombeus Pisces: Characidae proveniente de Caicara del Orinoco-Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Granados, Ángel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Caribe (Serrasalmus rhoembeus is a Characidae fish that lives in the basins of the Orinoco and Amazon rivers. It is an  underutilized specie although in the last years has been marketed in the form of of a meal which is obtained through a handmade process but without information about its chemical composition. This research was conducted to evaluate the proximate composition of commercial caribe meal, the fatty acids profile and some physicochemical properties of its lipidic extract. Three aleatory samples of meal were selected in Caicara del Orinoco shops, Bolívar state –Venezuela. Moisture (6.00 ± 0.45 %, crude protein (N x 6.25: 52.78 ± 2.36 %, crude fat (22.47 ± 1.08 % and total ash (24.58 ± 3.12 % were determined in each sample. The fat was extracted with nhexane and it was analyzed for free fatty acids (5.66 ± 0.15 % as oleic acid, peroxide value (23.50 ± 1.02 meq O2/kg, iodine value (152.2 ± 0.5, saponification value (186.5 ± 0.3 mg KOH/g and unsaponifiable matter (2.3 ± 0.4 g/kg. The fatty acids profile showed an unsaturated acids/ saturated acids ratio of 5.62 with 59.9 % of monounsaturated fatty acids and 25.0 % of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Caribe meal is an important source of nutrients and a potential raw material for human food.El caribe (Serrasalmus rhombeus es un pez de la familia Characidae de la cuenca de los ríos Orinoco y Amazonas, de poco valor comercial debido a su estructura espinosa y a creencias relacionadas con su hábito alimentario, pero que en años recientes los pobladores de las zonas donde existe naturalmente le han dado utilidad mediante la obtención artesanal de una harina que es expendida para consumo humano; sin embargo, no se dispone de información referente a su composición química. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la composición química proximal del producto comercializado como harina de caribe y algunas características fisicoquímicas del extracto lipídico de la misma

  3. DOE responses to CDH October 1993 comments on the Remedical Action Plan for the Naturita, Colorado, Umtra Site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document includes the October 1993 comments provided by the Colorado Department of Health (CDH) on the Department of Energy (DOE) Preliminary Final Remedial Action Plan for the Naturita, Colorado, UMTRA Site. DOE's responses are included after each CDH comment

  4. Colorado Basin Structure and Rifting, Argentine passive margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autin, Julia; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Loegering, Markus; Anka, Zahie; Vallejo, Eduardo; Rodriguez, Jorge; Marchal, Denis; Reichert, Christian; di Primio, Rolando

    2010-05-01

    The Argentine margin presents a strong segmentation with considerable strike-slip movements along the fracture zones. We focus on the volcanic segment (between the Salado and Colorado transfer zones), which is characterized by seaward dipping reflectors (SDR) all along the ocean-continent transition [e.g. Franke et al., 2006; Gladczenko et al., 1997; Hinz et al., 1999]. The segment is structured by E-W trending basins, which differs from the South African margin basins and cannot be explained by classical models of rifting. Thus the study of the relationship between the basins and the Argentine margin itself will allow the understanding of their contemporary development. Moreover the comparison of the conjugate margins suggests a particular evolution of rifting and break-up. We firstly focus on the Colorado Basin, which is thought to be the conjugate of the well studied Orange Basin [Hirsch et al., 2009] at the South African margin [e.g. Franke et al., 2006]. This work presents results of a combined approach using seismic interpretation and structural, isostatic and thermal modelling highlighting the structure of the crust. The seismic interpretation shows two rift-related discordances: one intra syn-rift and the break-up unconformity. The overlying sediments of the sag phase are less deformed (no sedimentary wedges) and accumulated before the generation of oceanic crust. The axis of the Colorado Basin trends E-W in the western part, where the deepest pre-rift series are preserved. In contrast, the basin axis turns to a NW-SE direction in its eastern part, where mainly post-rift sediments accumulated. The most distal part reaches the margin slope and opens into the oceanic basin. The general basin direction is almost orthogonal to the present-day margin trend. The most frequent hypothesis explaining this geometry is that the Colorado Basin is an aborted rift resulting from a previous RRR triple junction [e.g. Franke et al., 2002]. The structural interpretation

  5. 75 FR 4373 - Colorado Interstate Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Colorado Interstate Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental... Expansion Project proposed by Colorado Interstate Gas Company (CIG) in the above-referenced docket. CIG... the same manner as you would if filing on paper, and then saving the file on your computer's...

  6. Guia del Proceso del IFSP de Colorado: Conexiones para la Ninez Temprana, Iniciativa Infantil de Colorado Parte C del Acta de Educacion para Individuos con Desabilidades (Colorado Guidelines for the IFSP Process: Early Childhood Connections, Colorado's Infant/Toddler Initiative for Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jerri; Petersen, Sandy

    This booklet for Spanish-speaking parents of young children with disabilities describes Colorado's Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) process. It explains guidelines, shares family stories and reflections for families and care providers, and the describes the values that drive the IFSP process in Colorado. Information is provided on…

  7. Carnations and the Floriculture Industry: Documenting the Cultivation and Marketing of Flowers in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shu; Meyer, Linda M.

    2008-01-01

    The Records of the Colorado Flower Growers Association (CFGA) is an archival collection documenting the association prior to its 1979 name change. The CFGA was founded in 1928 to support the production and marketing of greenhouse flowers grown commercially in the state. In 1979, the organization changed its name to the Colorado Greenhouse Growers…

  8. 76 FR 14063 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Colorado Museum has completed... affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects may contact the University of...

  9. Casa de la Esperanza: A Case Study of Service Coordination at Work in Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franquiz, Maria E.; Hernandez, Carlota Loya

    This chapter describes how a federally funded farmworker housing facility in northern Colorado--Casa de la Esperanza--has changed the lives of migrant students and their families. The history of migrant workers in Colorado is described, as well as the struggle to construct a permanent farmworker housing facility. Casa was built in Boulder County,…

  10. Solar energy system economic evaluation for Colt Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The Solar Energy System is not economically beneficial under the assumed economic conditions at Pueblo, Colorado; Yosemite, California; Albuquerque, New Mexico; Fort Worth, Texas; and Washington, D.C. Economic benefits from this system depend on decreasing the initial investment and the continued increase in the cost of conventional energy. Decreasing the cost depends on favorable tax treatment and continuing development of solar energy technology. Fuel cost would have to increase drastically while the cost of the system would have to remain constant or decrease for the system to become economically feasible.

  11. Chemical loading rates from precipitation in the Colorado Rockies

    OpenAIRE

    Grant, Michael C.; LEWIS Jr., WILLIAM M.

    2011-01-01

    Chemical composition of bulk (= wet + dry) precipitation was measured at two stations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains for each of 150 consecutive weeks. The stations were located at 3000 m elevation approximately 6 km east of the Continental Divide and 40 km north of Denver. Chemical species routinely measured included particulate C, N, P and H; dissolved organic C, P and N; conductance and total alkalinity; SO4=, CI-, NO3--N, NO2--N, NH4+-N, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+, H2PO4-–P and H+. Particulates...

  12. Environmental Assessment Expanded Ponnequin Wind Energy Project Weld County, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    N/A

    1999-03-02

    The U.S.Department of Energy (DOE) has considered a proposal from the State of Colorado, Office of Energy Conservation (OEC), for funding construction of the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project in Weld County, Colorado. OEC plans to enter into a contracting arrangement with Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCO) for the completion of these activities. PSCo, along with its subcontractors and business partners, are jointly developing the Expanded Ponnequin Wind Project. DOE completed an environmental assessment of the original proposed project in August 1997. Since then, the geographic scope and the design of the project changed, necessitating additional review of the project under the National Environmental Policy Act. The project now calls for the possible construction of up to 48 wind turbines on State and private lands. PSCo and its partners have initiated construction of the project on private land in Weld County, Colorado. A substation, access road and some wind turbines have been installed. However, to date, DOE has not provided any funding for these activities. DOE, through its Commercialization Ventures Program, has solicited applications for financial assistance from state energy offices, in a teaming arrangement with private-sector organizations, for projects that will accelerate the commercialization of emerging renewable energy technologies. The Commercialization Ventures Program was established by the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Technology Competitiveness Act of 1989 (P.L. 101-218) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486). The Program seeks to assist entry into the marketplace of newly emerging renewable energy technologies, or of innovative applications of existing technologies. In short, an emerging renewable energy technology is one which has already proven viable but which has had little or no operational experience. The Program is managed by the Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The

  13. Locations and attributes of wind turbines in Colorado, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Natasha B.; Diffendorfer, James E.; Fancher, Tammy; Hawkins, Sarah J.; Latysh, Natalie; Leib, Kenneth J.; Matherne, Anne Marie

    2013-01-01

    This dataset represents an update to U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 597. Locations and attributes of wind turbines in Colorado, 2009 (available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/597/). This updated Colorado wind turbine Data Series provides geospatial data for all 1,204 wind turbines established within the State of Colorado as of September 2011, an increase of 297 wind turbines from 2009. Attributes specific to each turbine include: turbine location, manufacturer and model, rotor diameter, hub height, rotor height, potential megawatt output, land ownership, county, and development status of the wind turbine. Wind energy facility data for each turbine include: facility name, facility power capacity, number of turbines associated with each facility to date, facility developer, facility ownership, and year the facility went online. The locations of turbines are derived from 1-meter true-color aerial photographs produced by the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP); the photographs have a positional accuracy of about ±5 meters. Locations of turbines constructed during or prior to August 2009 are based on August 2009 NAIP imagery and turbine locations constructed after August 2009 were based on September 2011 NAIP imagery. The location of turbines under construction during September 2011 likely will be less accurate than the location of existing turbines. This data series contributes to an Online Interactive Energy Atlas developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (http://my.usgs.gov/eerma/). The Energy Atlas synthesizes data on existing and potential energy development in Colorado and New Mexico and includes additional natural resource data layers. This information may be used by decisionmakers to evaluate and compare the potential benefits and tradeoffs associated with different energy development strategies or scenarios. Interactive maps, downloadable data layers, comprehensive metadata, and decision-support tools also are included in the Energy Atlas. The format of

  14. 78 FR 46552 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; State of Colorado; Second Ten-Year...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... Colorado Springs area for the carbon monoxide (CO) National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). This... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; State of Colorado; Second Ten-Year Carbon Monoxide Maintenance Plan for Colorado Springs AGENCY: Environmental...

  15. 2014 Kids Count in Colorado! The Big Picture: Taking the Whole Child Approach to Child Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado Children's Campaign, 2014

    2014-01-01

    "Kids Count in Colorado!" is an annual publication of the Colorado Children's Campaign, which provides the best available state- and county-level data to measure and track the education, health and general well-being of the state's children. "Kids Count in Colorado!" informs policy debates and community discussions, serving as…

  16. The temporal and spatial relationship between NDVI and climatological parameters in Colorado

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes the spatial and temporal relationship between AVHRR/NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and climatological parameters (temperature and precipitation), which, in some sense, is influenced by topographical factors and land-cover types in Colorado. The correlation coefficients and partial correlation coefficients have been computed pixel by pixel over Colorado in order to analyze the relationship. The temporal variation and correlation of AVHRR/NDVI, temperature and precipitation were analyzed with a sampling method. The study reveals that there exists a close correspondence between monthly NDVI and temperature, which has strong impact from temperature on the changes of NDVI in Colorado. The spatial changes of NDVI are not influenced obviously by the precipitation since these two variables are different from each other in time series in Colorado. The study clearly revealed the spatial variation and its distribution patterns of relationship between NDVI and climatic parameters (temperature and precipitation) in Colorado.

  17. An experiment to control nonnative fish in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggins,, Lewis G., Jr.; Yard, Michael D.

    2011-01-01

    The humpback chub (Gila cypha) is an endangered native fish found only in the Colorado River Basin. In Grand Canyon, most humpback chub are found in the Little Colorado River and its confluence with the Colorado River. For decades, however, nonnative rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brown trout (Salmo trutta), which prey on and compete with native fish, have dominated the Grand Canyon fish community. Between 2003 and 2006, scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey and Arizona Game and Fish Department experimentally removed 23,266 nonnative fish from a 9.4-mile-long reach of the Colorado River near where it joins the Little Colorado River. During the experiment, rainbow trout were reduced by as much as 90% and native fish abundance apparently increased in the reach. Concurrent environmental changes and a decrease in rainbow trout throughout the river make it difficult to determine if the apparent increase in native fish was the result of the experiment.

  18. An Analysis of The Early Development and Protection of the Colorado River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Qian

    2009-01-01

    This thesis attempts an environmental analysis of the Colorado River in Southwest America.and examines the early issues of economic development and environmental protection on the Colorado River Basin from a historical perspective.The thesis first provides a brief description of the geography of the Colorado River,paying special attention to the early exploration of the Colorado River by Native Americans and later European colonizers as well as their different attitudes toward nature.Then the thesis looks at the forces of economic development and nature preservation in the progressive era against the arid setting of the Southwest.In the conclusion,the author demonstrates the importance and necessity of the environmental protection of the Colorado River in the beginning period of the America West.

  19. Avances en Las Estrategias de Desarrollo Institucional y Sostenibilidad Financiera de la Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres en América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth Mansilla; Allan M. Lavell; Cardona, Omar. D.; Álvaro M. Moreno

    2005-01-01

    Este documento fue comisionado por la Red de Desastres Naturales del Diálogo Regional de Política para la V Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 13 y 14 de junio de 2005. El propósito de este trabajo de investigación es analizar la forma en que los países de América Latina y El Caribe han avanzado en el propósito de implementar estrategias y acciones mejoradas de respuesta, prevención y mitigación (reducción de riesgo) y reconstrucción de desastres a través de la creación de estructuras ins...

  20. Responsabilidad Social Empresarial: Aproximación a las Líneas de Actuación Públicas de la Unión Europea, América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Olga González-Morales

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar sobre el papel de la intervención pública, en materia de Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, en los países de la Unión Europea y América Latina y el Caribe. Se analiza las líneas de actuación pública de las diferentes políticas (empleo y asuntos sociales, medioambiental, de protección de los consumidores, entre otras, dirigidas al fomento de la RSE, con el fin de conocer si éstas surgen por la existencia de problemáticas similares en las dos regiones. La principal conclusión es que, en los países latinoamericanos, surge de su problemática de pobreza y desigualdad, mientras que en los países europeos son los aspectos medioambientales los que le dan impulso.

  1. Programa de Biotecnología para América Latina y el Caribe: Producción industrial de ácido 6 amino penicilánico utilizando penicilinamidasa

    OpenAIRE

    Montoya C. Dolly

    2001-01-01

    Se analiza la evolución de la cooperación internacional a través del desarrollo del proyecto "Producción industrial de ácido 6 amino penicilánico" desde el punto de vista de desarrollo tecnológico, transferencia de tecnología y su comercialización. Este proyecto se desarrolló en el marco del Programa Regional de Biotecnología para América Latina y el Caribe. La metodología incluye el análisis del desarrollo del mismo, los participantes, metas económicas, resultados, derechos de autor, las con...

  2. Biogeografía y geología: una reflexión sobre su interacción a partir de tres casos caribeños

    OpenAIRE

    Amparo Echeverry

    2011-01-01

    La biogeografía y la geología transcurrieron como disciplinas paralelas hasta que las teorías de la deriva continental, expansión del fondo oceánico y de tectónica de placas fueron formalmente aceptadas. Desde entonces su interacción no ha sido fácil y la incorporación de información geológica en los estudios biogeográficos es un reto no siempre superado exitosamente por los biogeógrafos. Se presentan tres casos caribeños que ilustran tres maneras diferentes de incorporación de información ge...

  3. La evaluación de las competencias como indicador de la calidad universitaria en URACCAN (Universidad de la Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense)

    OpenAIRE

    López Mairena, Eugenio Casimiro

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral ha evaluado la calidad de las competencias educativas en la Universidad de las Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense (URACCAN), Recinto Nueva Guinea. Dado el vasto universo se delimitó este recinto en el área de Ciencias de la Educación y Humanidades, se incluyó Ciencias de la Educación con mención en Biología, Español, Matemáticas e Inglés. Por los grupos pertenecientes a la muestra, se evaluaron los propios del nivel de Profesor de Educación Media. Se han es...

  4. Dinámica espacial de crustáceos decápodos asociados a céspedes algales entre moñitos y los córdobas, caribe colombiano

    OpenAIRE

    Quirós R Jorge Alexander; Campos C Néstor Hernando

    2010-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio de la dinámica espacial de los crustáceos decápodos asociados a céspedes algales entre los municipios de Moñitos y Los Córdobas, Caribe cordobés. Se efectuaron cuatro muestreos trimestrales entre agosto de 2006 y julio de 2007. Para la colecta de los especímenes se delimitó un cuadrante de 625 cm2 con cinco repeticiones dispuestas al azar en cada estación. Para la separación de las macroalgas desde su disco de fijación en el sustrato, se empleó una espátula metálica. En ...

  5. Transversalidad entre violencia de género y violencia colonial en las artes visuales de México, América Central y el Caribe español

    OpenAIRE

    Quiñones Otal, Emilia

    2014-01-01

    La violencia de género afecta a todas las mujeres del mundo. Por las condiciones políticas, económicas y culturales, este tipo de violencia afecta a las mujeres de América Latina de forma distinta a las mujeres del resto del planeta. En esta tesis se estudia cómo enfrentan la violencia de género las y los artistas de la región, especialmente del territorio que comprende México, América Central y el Caribe español. Para el estudio se ha investigado la forma en que las y los artistas han enfren...

  6. Dating of Pliocene Colorado River sediments: implications for cosmogenic burial dating and the evolution of the lower Colorado River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matmon, Ari; Stock, Greg M.; Granger, Darryl E.; Howard, Keith A.

    2011-01-01

    We applied cosmogenic 26Al/10Be burial dating to sedimentary deposits of the ancestral Colorado River. We compared cosmogenic burial ages of sediments to the age of an independently well-dated overlying basalt flow at one site, and also applied cosmogenic burial dating to sediments with less precise independent age constraints. All dated gravels yielded old ages that suggest several episodes of sediment burial over the past ∼5.3 m.y. Comparison of burial ages to the overlying 4.4 Ma basalt yielded good agreement and suggests that under the most favorable conditions, cosmogenic burial dating can extend back 4–5 m.y. In contrast, results from other sites with more broadly independent age constraints highlight the complexities inherent in burial dating; these complexities arise from unknown and complicated burial histories, insufficient shielding, postburial production of cosmogenic isotopes by muons, and unknown initial 26Al/10Be ratios. Nevertheless, and in spite of the large range of burial ages and large uncertainties, we identify samples that provide reasonable burial age constraints on the depositional history of sediment along the lower ancestral Colorado River. These samples suggest possible sediment deposition and burial at ca. 5.3, 4.7, and 3.6 Ma. Our calculated basinwide erosion rate for sediment transported by the modern Colorado River (∼187 mm k.y.−1) is higher than the modern erosion rates inferred from the historic sediment load (80–100 mm k.y.−1). In contrast, basinwide paleo-erosion rates calculated from Pliocene sediments are all under 40 mm k.y.−1 The comparatively lower denudation rates calculated for the Pliocene sediment samples are surprising given that the sampled time intervals include significant Pliocene aggradation and may include much incision of the Grand Canyon and its tributaries. This conflict may arise from extensive storage of sediment along the route of the Colorado River, slower paleobedrock erosion, or the inclusion

  7. Annual monitoring report for the Gunnison, Colorado, wetlands mitigation plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) administers the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project to clean up uranium mill tailings and other surface contamination at 24 abandoned uranium mill sites in 10 states. One of these abandoned mill sites is near the town of Gunnison, Colorado; surface remediation and the environmental impacts of remedial action are described in the Gunnison environmental assessment (EA) (DOE, 1992). Remedial action resulted in the elimination of 4.3 acres (ac) 1.7 hectares (ha) of wetlands and mitigation of this loss of wetlands is being accomplished through the enhance of 18.4 ac (7.5 ha) of riparian plant communities in six spring feed areas on Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land. The description of the impacted and mitigation wetlands is provided in the Mitigation and Monitoring Plan for Impacted Wetlands at the Gunnison UMTRA Project Site, Gunnison, Colorado (DOE, 1994), which is attached to the US Army corps of Engineers (USACE) Section 404 Permit. As part of the wetlands mitigation plan, the six mitigation wetlands were fenced in the fall of 1993 to exclude livestock grazing. Baseline of grazed conditions of the wetlands vegetation was determined during the summer of 1993 (DOE, 1994). A 5-year monitoring program of these six sites has been implemented to document the response of vegetation and wildlife to the exclusion of livestock. This annual monitoring report provides the results of the first year of the 5-year monitoring period

  8. Wildfire risk transmission in the Colorado Front Range, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Jessica R; Calkin, David E; Thompson, Matthew P

    2015-02-01

    Wildfires are a global phenomenon that in some circumstances can result in human casualties, economic loss, and ecosystem service degradation. In this article we spatially identify wildfire risk transmission pathways and locate the areas of highest exposure of human populations to wildland fires under severe, but not uncommon, weather events. We quantify varying levels of exposure in terms of population potentially affected and tie the exposure back to the spatial source of the risk for the Front Range of Colorado, USA. We use probabilistic fire simulation modeling to address where fire ignitions are most likely to cause the highest impact to human communities, and to explore the role that various landowners play in that transmission of risk. Our results indicated that, given an ignition and the right fire weather conditions, large areas along the Front Range in Colorado could be exposed to wildfires with high potential to impact human populations, and that overall private ignitions have the potential to impact more people than federal ignitions. These results can be used to identify high-priority areas for wildfire risk mitigation using various mitigation tools. PMID:25156542

  9. Annual monitoring report for the Gunnison, Colorado, wetlands mitigation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) administers the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project to clean up uranium mill tailings and other surface contamination at 24 abandoned uranium mill sites in 10 states. One of these abandoned mill sites is near the town of Gunnison, Colorado; surface remediation and the environmental impacts of remedial action are described in the Gunnison environmental assessment (EA) (DOE, 1992). Remedial action resulted in the elimination of 4.3 acres (ac) 1.7 hectares (ha) of wetlands and mitigation of this loss of wetlands is being accomplished through the enhance of 18.4 ac (7.5 ha) of riparian plant communities in six spring feed areas on Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land. The description of the impacted and mitigation wetlands is provided in the Mitigation and Monitoring Plan for Impacted Wetlands at the Gunnison UMTRA Project Site, Gunnison, Colorado (DOE, 1994), which is attached to the US Army corps of Engineers (USACE) Section 404 Permit. As part of the wetlands mitigation plan, the six mitigation wetlands were fenced in the fall of 1993 to exclude livestock grazing. Baseline of grazed conditions of the wetlands vegetation was determined during the summer of 1993 (DOE, 1994). A 5-year monitoring program of these six sites has been implemented to document the response of vegetation and wildlife to the exclusion of livestock. This annual monitoring report provides the results of the first year of the 5-year monitoring period.

  10. The rural utility response to Colorado's electricity mandates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When Colorado voters passed Amendment 37 in 2004, it became the first state to pass a renewable portfolio standard at the ballet box, suggesting broad appeal to harness and pay for renewable energy. While large urban utilities are prepared to make this transition, smaller cities and rural areas, for various financial and scale issues are severely disadvantaged in trying to incorporate more renewable energy sources into their electricity mix. This was evident by the state's support for Amendment 37, which was passed due to strong support in the Denver metro area-representing nearly half of the state's population. Support for the bill was poor in the rest of the state. Nevertheless, in 2007, the state expanded up Amendment 37 by forcing the utilities in rural communities to diversify their electricity mix. This study surveyed the managers at the state's various rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities in an effort to gage their attitudes concerning: carbon legislation, conservation and efficiency programs, and their plans for making the transition away from fossil fuel generation. - Highlights: → Communities served by rural utilities opposed Colorado's state-wide RPS, but were forced to adhere anyway. → Most rural utilities are very concerned about the economic impacts of trying to diversify their energy portfolios. → Many of these unregulated utilities were already pushing DSM programs to promote conservation and improve efficiency.

  11. Locations and attributes of wind turbines in Colorado, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Natasha B.; Diffendorfer, Jay E.; Fancher, Tammy S.; Latysh, Natalie E.; Leib, Kenneth J.; Matherne, Anne-Marie; Turner, Christine

    2011-01-01

    The Colorado wind-turbine data series provides geospatial data for all wind turbines established within the State as of August 2009. Attributes specific to each turbine include: turbine location, manufacturer and model, rotor diameter, hub height, rotor height, potential megawatt output, land ownership, and county. Wind energy facility data for each turbine include: facility name, facility power capacity, number of turbines associated with each facility to date, facility developer, facility ownership, year the facility went online, and development status of wind facility. Turbine locations were derived from August 2009 1-meter true-color aerial photographs produced by the National Agriculture Imagery Program; the photographs have a positional accuracy of about + or - 5 meters. The location of turbines under construction during August 2009 likely will be less accurate than the location of existing turbines. This data series contributes to an Online Interactive Energy Atlas currently (2011) in development by the U.S. Geological Survey. The Energy Atlas will synthesize data on existing and potential energy development in Colorado and New Mexico and will include additional natural resource data layers. This information may be used by decisionmakers to evaluate and compare the potential benefits and tradeoffs associated with different energy development strategies or scenarios. Interactive maps, downloadable data layers, comprehensive metadata, and decision-support tools will be included in the Energy Atlas. The format of the Energy Atlas will facilitate the integration of information about energy with key terrestrial and aquatic resources for evaluating resource values and minimizing risks from energy development.

  12. Migrations et fuite des cerveaux dans les économies insulaires caribéennes : éléments de réflexion Reflections on Migration and Brain Drain in the Caribbean Island Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny-Aude Bellemare

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Loin d’être un phénomène nouveau, les mobilités internationales se sont fortement accrues depuis les années 1960. Aujourd’hui, le contexte de mondialisation tend à accélérer les dynamiques migratoires alors que dans le même temps s’observe une élévation des niveaux d’éducation. Ainsi, la soutenabilité de l’augmentation de la fuite des cerveaux dans le monde soulève interrogations et réflexions.Le poids des flux de migrants qualifiés allié à la fragilité relative des données, pose la nécessité d’aborder en profondeur le problème de la fuite des cerveaux. Une analyse au cas par cas s’impose. A partir de données se rapportant à la diaspora caribéenne sur la base statistique de Docquier et Marfouk, cet article propose une réflexion sur les facteurs explicatifs de la fuite des cerveaux dans les territoires insulaires caribéens.Far from being a new phenomenon, the international motilities have increased since the 60’s. Today, the context of globalization tends to accelerate the migratory dynamics while at the same time observed a rise of the educational levels. The increase of the brain drain has respite to many questions.Nevertheless, image, nature of flows of skilled migrants combined with relative data’s fragility and the necessity to approach the problem and presenting appropriate policies, impose an analysis case by case. Using data relating to the Caribbean diaspora on the statistical basis of Docquier and Marfouk, this article purpose a reflection on the factors that explain the brain drain in the Caribbean islands.

  13. Brumptomyia hamata (PSYCHODIDAE, UN NUEVO APORTE A LA FAUNA FLEBOTOMÍNEA DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO Brumptomyia hamata (Psychodidae, A New Addition To The Phlebotomine Fauna Of The Colombian Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALVEIRO PÉREZ-DORIA

    Full Text Available La fauna flebotomínea del Caribe colombiano es aún poco conocida, por lo que se hace necesario llevar a cabo estudios para determinar la riqueza de especies de la región. Con este propósito se desarrollaron muestreos entomológicos en enero y marzo de 2007, en el municipio de Colosó, departamento de Sucre, con dos trampas CDC modificadas. En el material recolectado se identificaron dos machos de Brumptomyia hamata, que constituyen el primer registro de este flebotomíneo para el Caribe colombiano. Las características morfológicas observadas en los ejemplares de B. hamata son consistentes con la descripción original de la especie, excepto por las espinas del estilo que se distribuyen en tres grupos. Se plantea que tales diferencias pueden corresponder a variaciones intraespecíficas entre poblaciones geográficas.The sand fly fauna of the Colombian Caribbean is still not completely known and further surveys are needed in order to determine the richness of species over the region. Entomological samplings were performed in the municipality of Colosó , department of Sucre , using two modified CDC traps, in January and March of 2007. Two males belonging to Brumptomyia hamata were identified. It is the first record of this sand fly species from the Colombian Caribbean. With the exception of the distribution of spines on the style in three distinct groups, all other morphological characters of the individuals of B. hamata agree with the original description of the species. The observed difference could be attributed to intraspecific variation among geographic populations.

  14. Informe de la evaluación regional del manejo de residuos sólidos urbanos en América Latina y el Caribe 2010 Title: Regional Evaluation on Urban Solid Waste Management in Latin America and the Caribbean: 2010 Report Title: Relatório da avaliação regional da gestão de resíduos sólidos urbanos na América Latina e Caribe 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Evelyn Martínez Arce; Diego Daza; Pilar Tello Espinoza; Martin Soulier Faure; Horacio Terraza

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo conjunto de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) y la Asociación Interamericana de Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental (AIDIS) ha generado este informe regional que realiza una evaluación de la gestión de residuos sólidos en América Latina y el Caribe al año 2010, y es el resultado de un año de búsqueda y análisis de información apoyada en los organismos gubernamentales, ONGs y universidades de los distintos países de la región. E...

  15. 1992 Colorado Economic Impact Study for the US Department of Energy and Colorado Department of Health Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The findings of the 1992 Colorado Economic Impact Study (CEIS) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project are outlined below. All dollar amounts used in the study are in year-of-expenditure dollars. The total funding requirement for the State of Colorado for the UMTRA Project is estimated to be $66.8 million, or 10 percent of the remedial action costs for the UMTRA Project in Colorado. The UMTRA Project will generate $487.5 million in gross labor income in Colorado between 1983 and 1996. This includes $54.4 million in state and local tax revenues and $41.2 million in federal individual income tax revenues. The net economic benefit of the UMTRA Project to Colorado is $355.1 million. For every dollar the State of Colorado invests in the UMTRA Project, it will realize $5.32 in gross labor income. The employment impact to the Western Slope region is significant. The UMTRA Project will create a total employment impact of 13,749 fulltime equivalents (FTES) spread over. a period of 13 years in seven site areas. Nearly 100 percent of the labor will be drawn from the local communities. The State of Colorado's Western Slope is anticipated to be minimally impacted by the phaseout of the UMTRA Project. Unlike industries that shut down operations without warning, the UMTRA Project workers, local government, and businesses know the schedule for completion and can consider and prepare for the impact of UMTRA Project conclusion. Further, because the majority of the work force is local, there has not been a significant investment in each community's infrastructure. Any small increases in the infrastructure will not be abandoned at the end of the UMTRA Project due to a marked increase in migration out of the local community

  16. Lightning in Colorado forest fire smoke plumes during summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, T. J.; Krehbiel, P. R.; Dolan, B.; Lindsey, D.; Rutledge, S. A.; Rison, W.

    2012-12-01

    May and June 2012 were unusually hot and dry in Colorado, which was suffering from a strong drought. A major consequence of this climatic regime was one of the most destructive forest fire seasons in state history, with hundreds of thousands of acres of forest and grassland consumed by flames, hundreds of homes burned, and several lives lost. Many of these fires occurred within range of the newly installed Colorado Lightning Mapping Array (COLMA), which provides high-resolution observations of discharges over a large portion of the state. The COLMA was installed in advance of the Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry (DC3) project. High-altitude lightning was observed to occur sporadically in the smoke plumes over three major fires that occurred during early summer: Hewlett Gulch, High Park, and Waldo Canyon. Additionally, the Colorado State University CHILL (CSU-CHILL) and Pawnee radars observed the Hewlett Gulch plume electrify with detailed polarimetric and dual-Doppler measurements, and also provided these same measurements for the High Park plume when it was not producing lightning. Meanwhile, local Next Generation Radars (NEXRADs) provided observations of the electrified High Park and Waldo Canyon plumes. All of these plumes also were observed by geostationary meteorological satellites. These observations provide an unprecedented dataset with which to study smoke plume and pyrocumulus electrification. The polarimetric data - low reflectivity, high differential reflectivity, low correlation coefficient, and noisy differential phase - were consistent with the smoke plumes and associated pyrocumulus being filled primarily with irregularly shaped ash particles. Lightning was not observed in the plumes until they reached over 10 km above mean sea level, which was an uncommon occurrence requiring explosive fire growth combined with increased meteorological instability and reduced wind shear. Plume updraft intensification and echo-top growth led the occurrence of

  17. Colorado's Prospects for Interstate Commerce in Renewable Power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hurlbut, D. J.

    2009-12-01

    Colorado has more renewable energy potential than it is ever likely to need for its own in-state electricity consumption. Such abundance may suggest an opportunity for the state to sell renewable power elsewhere, but Colorado faces considerable competition from other western states that may have better resources and easier access to key markets on the West Coast. This report examines factors that will be important to the development of interstate commerce for electricity generated from renewable resources. It examines market fundamentals in a regional context, and then looks at the implications for Colorado.

  18. 1996 monitoring report for the Gunnison, Colorado, wetlands mitigation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) administers the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project to clean up uranium mill tailings and other surface contamination at 24 abandoned uranium mill sites in 10 states. One of these abandoned mill sites was near the town of Gunnison, Colorado. Surface remediation was completed at the Gunnison site in December 1995. Remedial action resulted in the elimination of 4.3 acres of wetlands and mitigation of this loss is through the enhancement of 17.8 acres of riparian plant communities in six spring-fed areas on US Bureau of Land Management mitigation sites. A five-year monitoring program was then implemented to document the response of vegetation and wildlife to the exclusion of livestock. This report provides the results of the third year of the monitoring program.

  19. 1996 monitoring report for the Gunnison, Colorado, wetlands mitigation plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) administers the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project to clean up uranium mill tailings and other surface contamination at 24 abandoned uranium mill sites in 10 states. One of these abandoned mill sites was near the town of Gunnison, Colorado. Surface remediation was completed at the Gunnison site in December 1995. Remedial action resulted in the elimination of 4.3 acres of wetlands and mitigation of this loss is through the enhancement of 17.8 acres of riparian plant communities in six spring-fed areas on US Bureau of Land Management mitigation sites. A five-year monitoring program was then implemented to document the response of vegetation and wildlife to the exclusion of livestock. This report provides the results of the third year of the monitoring program

  20. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Maybell, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP) describes planned water sampling activities and provides the regulatory and technical basis for ground water sampling in 1994 at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Maybell, Colorado. The WSAP identifies and justifies sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequencies at the site. The ground water data will be used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for the ground water and surface water monitoring activities is derived from the EPA regulations in 40 CFR Part 192 (1993) and the proposed EPA standards of 1987 (52 FR 36000). Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. This WSAP also includes a summary and the results of water sampling activities from 1989 through 1992 (no sampling was performed in 1993)

  1. Geology of the lower Yellow Creek Area, Northwestern Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lower Yellow Creek area is located in Rio Blanco and Moffat Counties of northwestern Colorado, about midway between the towns of Rangely and Meeker. The study area is in the northwestern part of the Piceance Creek basin, a very deep structural and sedimentary basin that formed during the Laramide orogeny. Potentially important resources in the area are oil shale and related minerals, oil and gas, coal, and uranium. Topics discussed in the report include: Stratigraphy (Subsurface rocks, Cretaceous rocks, Tertiary rocks, and Quaternary deposits); Structure (Midland anticline, graben at Pinyon Ridge, and Crooked Wash syncline, Folds and faults in the vicinity of the White River, Red Wash syncline and central graben zone, Yellow Creek anticlinal nose); Economic geology (Oil shale and associated minerals, Coal, Oil and gas, Uranium, Gravel)

  2. Fluid evolution of Cerro Colorado Porphyry Copper Mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Debbie Pui Wai; Wallis, Simon

    2014-05-01

    The Cerro Colorado porphyry copper deposit is the northernmost currently active copper mine in Chile, producing 90.5kt copper per year. It belongs to one of the Paleocene to early Eocene porphyry copper deposits that are distributed along the western slope of the main Andean Cordillera in Northern Chile (Bouzari & Clark, 2002). Active commercial production began in 1994, and the estimated reserves within the supergene blanket can sustain further 12 years of copper mining. Field studies of the well-exposed geology around the mine site and the access to drilled cores that penetrate into the hypogene zone provide a good opportunity to study the temporal relationship between magmatism, hypogene and supergene ore formation of the region. The geological evolution of Cerro Colorado area can be generalized as follows. The Cretaceous Cerro Empexa Formation, consisting of a sequence of volcanic rocks, mainly andesitic lava and breccia, lahars, some ignimbrite intercalations and dacitic tuff (Charrier, Pinto & Rodrigues, 2007), was intruded by tonalitic to dioritic magma in Middle-Eocene. Magmatic activities generated brecciated rocks accompanying with different alteration zones radiate outward from the intrusion. The mineralized hypogene protore later interacted with ground water, creating the supergene blanket, which is now the principal mining target of Cerro Colorado. Several plutonic lithologies with slight but distinct compositional differences were exposed in the valleys around the mine site. The presence of these several phases of small-scale intrusions suggests the ore genesis may be related to multiple pulses of heating and associated fluid flow. Complementarily, on-site geologists have reported occurrences of early stage biotites vein cutting into phyllitic alteration zone, or across terminal stage quartz-pyrite veins in the drilled cores. These observations are direct evidences of at least two major distinct phases of fluid flow, and imply the ore mineralization

  3. Groundwater availability of the Denver Basin aquifer system, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschke, Suzanne S., (Edited By)

    2011-01-01

    The Denver Basin aquifer system is a critical water resource for growing municipal, industrial, and domestic uses along the semiarid Front Range urban corridor of Colorado. The confined bedrock aquifer system is located along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountain Front Range where the mountains meet the Great Plains physiographic province. Continued population growth and the resulting need for additional water supplies in the Denver Basin and throughout the western United States emphasize the need to continually monitor and reassess the availability of groundwater resources. In 2004, the U.S. Geological Survey initiated large-scale regional studies to provide updated groundwater-availability assessments of important principal aquifers across the United States, including the Denver Basin. This study of the Denver Basin aquifer system evaluates the hydrologic effects of continued pumping and documents an updated groundwater flow model useful for appraisal of hydrologic conditions.

  4. Butane Hash Oil Burns Associated with Marijuana Liberalization in Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Cameron; Slim, Jessica; Flaten, Hanna K; Lindberg, Gordon; Arek, Wiktor; Monte, Andrew A

    2015-12-01

    Butane hash oil (BHO), also known as "amber," "dab," "glass," "honey," "shatter," or "wax," is a potent marijuana concentrate, containing up to 90 % tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). BHO is easily manufactured using highly volatile butane as a solvent. Our objective was to characterize hydrocarbon burns associated with BHO manufacture in Colorado. This was a cross-sectional study utilizing the National Burn Repository to capture all hydrocarbon burns reported to the local burn center from January 1st, 2008, through August 31st, 2014. We abstracted demographic and clinical variables from medical records for patients admitted for hydrocarbon burns associated with butane hash oil extraction. Twenty-nine cases of BHO burns were admitted to the local burn center during the study period. Zero cases presented prior to medical liberalization, 19 (61.3 %) during medical liberalization (Oct 2009-Dec 2013), and 12 (38.7 %) in 2014 since legalization. The majority of cases were Caucasian (72.4 %) males (89.7 %). Median age was 26 (range 15-58). The median total-body-surface-area (TBSA) burn size was 10 % (TBSA range 1-90 %). Median length of hospital admission was 10 days. Six required intubation for airway protection (21 %). Nineteen required skin grafting, eight wound care only, one required surgical fracture repair, and one required surgical debridement. Hydrocarbon burns associated with hash oil production have increased since the liberalization of marijuana policy in Colorado. A combination of public health messaging, standardization of manufacturing processes, and worker safety regulations are needed to decrease the risks associated with BHO production. PMID:26289652

  5. Development and Adoption of a Watershed Approach to Compensatory Mitigation: Experiences in Colorado and California

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this article, we examine the adoption of the watershed approach and its technical methods into regulatory programs in Colorado and California. Specific steps and motives for the adoption are explained. Through close collaboration, regulators have systematically been made aware...

  6. Colorado River Wildlife Management Area (Green River Easements) [Land Status Map: Sheet 1 of 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Colorado River Wildlife Management Area. It was generated from rectified aerial...

  7. Final Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) - Colorado Population

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These data identify, in general, the areas where final critical habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) occur for the Colorado...

  8. Colorado State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive-waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Colorado State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in Colorado. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in Colorado. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in Colorado

  9. Bedrock Geology of the turkey Creek Drainage Basin, Jefferson County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This geospatial data set describes bedrock geology of the Turkey Creek drainage basin in Jefferson County, Colorado. It was digitized from maps of fault locations...

  10. Digital geospatial datasets in support of hydrologic investigations of the Colorado Front Range Infrastructure Resources Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey developed this dataset as part of the Colorado Front Range Infrastructure Resources Project (FRIRP). One goal of the FRIRP was to provide...

  11. Mahogany Ledge Digital Structure Contour Lines of the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Mahogany ledge structure contour lines were needed to perform overburden calculations in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a 2009 National Oil Shale...

  12. Raster Dataset Model of Overburden Above the Mahogany Zone in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI GRID raster data model of the overburden material above the Mahogany Zone was needed to perform calculations in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a...

  13. Unioned layer of coal resource calculation in the Danforth Hills coal field, Colorado (dan*fing)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Final unioned polygon coverages and shapefiles used to calculate coal resources of the A through G coal zones, Danforth Hills coal field, northwestern Colorado....

  14. Contaminants in Waterbirds, Grackles, and Swallows Nesting on the Lower Colorado River, Arizona, 2000-2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Levels and potential effects of organochlorine compounds and metals were assessed in 106 eggs representing nine avian species nesting at four lower Colorado River...

  15. Business Metrics for High-Performance Homes: A Colorado Springs Case Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beach, R. [IBACOS, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Jones, A. [IBACOS, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    2016-04-26

    This report explores the correlation between energy efficiency and the business success of home builders by examining a data set of builders and homes in the Colorado Springs, Colorado, market between 2006 and 2014. During this time, the Great Recession of 2007 to 2009 occurred, and new-home sales plummeted both nationally and in Colorado Springs. What is evident from an analysis of builders and homes in Colorado Springs is that builders who had Home Energy Rating System (HERS) ratings performed on some or all of their homes during the Recession remained in business during this challenging economic period. Many builders who did not have HERS ratings performed on their homes at that time went out of business or left the area. From the analysis presented in this report, it is evident that a correlation exists between energy efficiency and the business success of home builders, although the reasons for this correlation remain largely anecdotal and not yet clearly understood.

  16. Geospatial Dataset of Agricultural Lands in the Upper Colorado River Basin, 2007 - 10

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset represents the extent and spatial distribution of irrigated agricultural lands in the Upper Colorado River Basin for 2007-10. The boundaries in this...

  17. Depth to water in the High Plains Aquifer in Colorado, 2000.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data are in support of report DS 456 (Arnold and others, 2009). This grid represents the depth to groundwater in the High Plains Aquifer in Colorado in 2000....

  18. Field Plot and Observation Points for Colorado National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This point file displays the 525 field plot and observation locations visited in 2003 and 2004 as part of the vegetation mapping project for Colorado National...

  19. Boundary for Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park (BLCA), Colorado (2002)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This administrative boundary for Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park (BLCA), Colorado contains 6 polygons showing National Park Service (NPS) lands, and...

  20. Quality characterization of Cretaceous coal from the Colorado Plateau coal assessment study area, 2000 (cpchmg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a shapefile and ARC/INFO point coverage of coal geochemistry in the Colorado Plateau. This GIS layer was created from the U.S. Geological Survey's USCHEM...

  1. Final unioned files for Yampa coal field resource calculations, northwestern Colorado (yam*fing)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These are shapefiles and final unioned polygon coverages used to calculate coal resources of the A through D coal zones, Yampa coal field, northwestern Colorado....

  2. Reporting Polygons to Summarize Overburden Material Above the Mahogany Zone in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Reporting polygons were created to display and quantify overburden material above the Mahogany Zone, by PLSS section, in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a...

  3. Cored Cottonwood Tree Sample Cluster Polygons at Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — A vector polygon dataset representing the location of sample clusters of cored trees at Sand Creek Massacre NHS as part of a University of Colorado research study.

  4. Tree Transect Starting Locations (Points) at Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — A vector point dataset representing the starting location of tree transects at Sand Creek Massacre NHS as part of a University of Colorado research study.

  5. TIN Dataset Model of Overburden Above the Mahogany Zone in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI TIN data model of the overburden material above the Mahogany Zone was needed to perform calculations in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a 2009...

  6. Raster Dataset Model of Nahcolite Resources in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ESRI GRID raster datasets were created to display and quantify nahcolite resources for eight oil shale zones in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a 2009...

  7. TIN Dataset Model of Overburden Above the Mahogany Bed in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI TIN data model of the overburden material above the Mahogany bed was needed to perform calculations in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado as part of a 2009...

  8. TIN Dataset Model of the Mahogany Bed Structure in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI TIN data model of the Mahogany bed structure was needed to perform overburden calculations in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado as part of a 2009 National...

  9. Oil Shale Core Holes Containing Nahcolite in the State of Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This file contains points that describe locations of oil shale core holes that contain nahcolite in the state of Colorado and is available as an ESRI shapefile,...

  10. Raster Dataset Model of the Mahogany Bed Structure in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI GRID raster data model of the Mahogany bed structure was needed to perform overburden calculations in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado as part of a 2009...

  11. Raster Dataset Model of the Mahogany Zone Structure in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI GRID raster data model of the Mahogany Zone structure was needed to perform overburden calculations in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a 2009...

  12. Raster Dataset Model of Overburden Above the Mahogany Bed in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI GRID raster data model of the overburden material above the Mahogany bed was needed to perform calculations in the Uinta Basin, Utah and Colorado as part of...

  13. TIN Dataset Model of the Mahogany Zone Structure in the Piceance Basin, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — An ESRI TIN data model of the Mahogany Zone structure was needed to perform overburden calculations in the Piceance Basin, Colorado as part of a 2009 National Oil...

  14. Background Contaminants Evaluation of the Republican River Drainage- Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Republican River Basin is a very large watershed in west-central Kansas, eastern Colorado, Wyoming and southern Nebraska. This study was conducted to determine...

  15. Oil Shale Core Hole and Rotary Hole Locations in the State of Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This file contains points that describe locations of oil shale core holes and rotary holes in the state of Colorado and is available as an ESRI shapefile, Google...

  16. [Draft] Environmental Impact Statement : San Luis Valley Project : Colorado Closed Basin Division

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Closed Basin Division, San Luis Valley Project, Alamosa and Saguache Counties, Colorado, is a multipurpose water resource plan designated to salvage and deliver...

  17. Colorado geothermal commercialization planning. Semi-annual progress report, January 1, 1979-June 30, 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coe, B.A.

    1979-01-01

    The potential for developing the geothermal resources of Colorado is detailed. Constraints that are limiting geothermal energy development are described. Area development plans, an institutional analysis, and the outreach program are presented. (MHR)

  18. Colorado geothermal commercialization program. Geothermal energy opportunities at four Colorado towns: Durango, Glenwood Springs, Idaho Springs, Ouray

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coe, B.A.; Zimmerman, J.

    1981-01-01

    The potential of four prospective geothermal development sites in Colorado was analyzed and hypothetical plans prepared for their development. Several broad areas were investigated for each site. The first area of investigation was the site itself: its geographic, population, economic, energy demand characteristics and the attitudes of its residents relative to geothermal development potential. Secondly, the resource potential was described, to the extent it was known, along with information concerning any exploration or development that has been conducted. The third item investigated was the process required for development. There are financial, institutional, environmental, technological and economic criteria for development that must be known in order to realistically gauge the possible development. Using that information, the next concern, the geothermal energy potential, was then addressed. Planned, proposed and potential development are all described, along with a possible schedule for that development. An assessment of the development opportunities and constraints are included. Technical methodologies are described in the Appendix. (MHR)

  19. Assessment of Human-Coyote Conflicts: City and County of Broomfield, Colorado

    OpenAIRE

    Grant, Stan; Young, Julie; Riley, Seth

    2011-01-01

    In the summer of 2011, the Anthem Highlands neighborhood of the City and County of Broomfield (Broomfield), Colorado experienced multiple serious incidents between humans and coyotes. Broomfield has a detailed policy about coexisting with wildlife in general, and coyotes in particular, that includes extensive public education and outreach. Because of the serious nature of the incidents, the Colorado Division of Parks and Wildlife, with assistance from USDA-Wildlife Services and in collaborati...

  20. Record of Decision Colorado River Interim Surplus Guidelines Final Environmental Impact Statement

    OpenAIRE

    Secretary of the Department of the Interior

    2001-01-01

    This document constitutes the Record of Decision (ROD) of the Department of the Interior, regarding the preferred alternative for Colorado River Interim Surplus Guidelines (Guidelines). The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) is vested with the responsibility of managing the mainstream waters of the lower Colorado River pursuant to federal law. This responsibility is carried out consistent with applicable federal law. Reclamation, as the agency that is designated to act on the Secretary’s b...

  1. Development of streamflow projections under changing climate conditions over Colorado River basin headwaters

    OpenAIRE

    W. P. Miller; T. C. Piechota; Gangopadhyay, S; T. Pruitt

    2011-01-01

    The current drought over the Colorado River Basin has raised concerns that the US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) may impose water shortages over the lower portion of the basin for the first time in history. The guidelines that determine levels of shortage are affected by relatively short-term (3 to 7 month) forecasts determined by the Colorado Basin River Forecast Center (CBRFC) using the National Weather Service (NWS) River Forecasting System (RFS) hydrologic...

  2. Development of streamflow projections under changing climate conditions over Colorado River Basin headwaters

    OpenAIRE

    W. P. Miller; T. C. Piechota; Gangopadhyay, S; T. Pruitt

    2010-01-01

    The current drought over the Colorado River Basin has raised concerns that the US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) may impose water shortages over the lower portion of the basin for the first time in history. The guidelines that determine levels of shortage are affected by forecasts determined by the Colorado Basin River Forecast Center (CBRFC). While these forecasts by the CBRFC are useful, water managers within the basin are interested in long-term proj...

  3. Development of streamflow projections under changing climate conditions over Colorado River basin headwaters

    OpenAIRE

    W. P. Miller; T. C. Piechota; Gangopadhyay, S; T. Pruitt

    2011-01-01

    The current drought over the Colorado River Basin has raised concerns that the US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) may impose water shortages over the lower portion of the basin for the first time in history. The guidelines that determine levels of shortage are affected by relatively short-term (3 to 7 month) forecasts determined by the Colorado Basin River Forecast Center (CBRFC) using the National Weather Service (NWS) River Forecasting Syste...

  4. Small business lending by commercial banks in Colorado : 1994 to 1996

    OpenAIRE

    Richard J. Sullivan; Johnson, Richard D.; Ronnie J. Phillips; Kenneth R. Spong

    1998-01-01

    The structure of Colorado's banking industry has recently undergone significant change and, therefore, provides a good case study with which to gauge the impact of consolidation on sources of loans and access to credit for small business. We find that between 1994 and 1996, lending to small businesses in Colorado by small to medium size banking organizations grew much faster than lending by large organizations. This lending pattern was similar across in-state and out-of-state banking organiza...

  5. Comparative analysis of Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) resistance monitoring methods

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Slađan; Zabel Anton; Kostić Miodrag; Šestović Milorad

    2003-01-01

    Insecticide efficacy for Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) control rapidly decreases due to development of resistance. Resistance causes harmful impact to both, economy and ecology. Resistance monitoring has one of the most important roles in avoiding these problems. Early detection and resistance monitoring could prolong use of insecticides. Standard laboratory methods (impregnated filter papers, insect dipping glass surface spraying and topical application) for Colorado...

  6. Feeding activity and spawning time of striped bass in the Colorado River Inlet, Lake Powell, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persons, William R.; Bulkly, R.V.

    1982-01-01

    Striped bass, Morone saxatilis, from Lake Powell, Utah spawned in or near the mixing zone of the reservoir and the Colorado River in 1980 and 1981. The fish did not move through Cataract Canyon rapids just above the reservoir in either year. Of 321 adult striped bass stomachs examined, 30% contained food and 28% contained threadfin shad, Dorosoma petenense. No stomachs contained native threatened or endangered Colorado River fishes.

  7. Economic Development from New Generation and Transmission in Wyoming and Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keyser, D.; Lantz, E.

    2013-03-01

    This report analyzes the potential economic impacts in Colorado and Wyoming of a 225 MW natural gas fired electricity generation facility and a 900 MW wind farm constructed in Wyoming as well as a 180 mile, 345 kV transmission line that runs from Wyoming to Colorado. This report and analysis is not a forecast, but rather an estimate of economic activity associated with a hypothetical scenario.

  8. Economic Development from New Generation and Transmission in Wyoming and Colorado (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-03-01

    This report analyzes the potential economic impacts in Colorado and Wyoming of a 225 MW natural gas fired electricity generation facility and a 900 MW wind farm constructed in Wyoming as well as a 180 mile, 345 kV transmission line that runs from Wyoming to Colorado. This report and analysis is not a forecast, but rather an estimate of economic activity associated with a hypothetical scenario.

  9. Holocene valley-floor deposition and incision in a small drainage basin in western Colorado, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Lawrence S.; Rosenburg, Margaret; del Mar Figueroa, Maria; McKee, Kathleen; Haravitch, Ben; Hunter, Jenna

    2010-01-01

    The valley floor of a 33.9 km^2 watershed in western Colorado experienced gradual sedimentation from before ~ 6765 to ~ 500 cal yr BP followed by deep incision, renewed aggradation, and secondary incision. In contrast, at least four terraces and widespread cut-and-fill architecture in the valley floor downstream indicate multiple episodes of incision and deposition occurred during the same time interval. The upper valley fill history is atypical compared to other drainages in the Colorado Pla...

  10. Costs and Savings Associated With Community Water Fluoridation Programs in Colorado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan M. O’Connell, PhD

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Local, state, and national health policy makers require information on the economic burden of oral disease and the cost-effectiveness of oral health programs to set policies and allocate resources. In this study, we estimate the cost savings associated with community water fluoridation programs (CWFPs in Colorado and potential cost savings if Colorado communities without fluoridation programs or naturally high fluoride levels were to implement CWFPs. Methods We developed an economic model to compare the costs associated with CWFPs with treatment savings achieved through averted tooth decay. Treatment savings included those associated with direct medical costs and indirect nonmedical costs (i.e., patient time spent on dental visit. We estimated program costs and treatment savings for each water system in Colorado in 2003 dollars. We obtained parameter estimates from published studies, national surveys, and other sources. We calculated net costs for Colorado water systems with existing CWFPs and potential net costs for systems without CWFPs. The analysis includes data for 172 public water systems in Colorado that serve populations of 1000 individuals or more. We used second-order Monte Carlo simulations to evaluate the inherent uncertainty of the model assumptions on the results and report the 95% credible range from the simulation model. Results We estimated that Colorado CWFPs were associated with annual savings of $148.9 million (credible range, $115.1 million to $187.2 million in 2003, or an average of $60.78 per person (credible range, $46.97 to $76.41. We estimated that Colorado would save an additional $46.6 million (credible range, $36.0 to $58.6 million annually if CWFPs were implemented in the 52 water systems without such programs and for which fluoridation is recommended. Conclusion Colorado realizes significant annual savings from CWFPs; additional savings and reductions in morbidity could be achieved if fluoridation

  11. CRevolution 2—Origin and evolution of the Colorado River system, workshop abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    : Beard, L. Sue, (Edited By); Karlstrom, Karl E.; Young, Richard A.; Billingsley, George H.

    2011-01-01

    A 2010 Colorado River symposium, held in Flagstaff, Arizona, involved 70 participants who engaged in intense debate about the origin and evolution of the Colorado River system. This symposium, built upon two previous decadal scientific meetings, focused on forging scientific consensus, where possible, while articulating continued controversies regarding the Cenozoic evolution of the Colorado River System and the landscapes of the Colorado Plateau-Rocky Mountain region that it drains. New developments involved hypotheses that Neogene mantle flow is driving plateau tilting and differential uplift and new and controversial hypotheses for the pre-6 Ma presence and evolution of ancestral rivers that may be important in the history and birth of the present Colorado River. There is a consensus that plateau tilt and uplift models must be tested with multidisciplinary studies involving differential incision studies and additional geochronology and thermochronology to determine the relative importance of tectonic and geomorphic forces that shape the spectacular landscapes of the Colorado Plateau, Arizona and region. In addition to the scientific goals, the meeting participants emphasized the iconic status of Grand Canyon for geosciences and the importance of good communication between the research community, the geoscience education/interpretation community, the public, and the media. Building on a century-long tradition, this region still provides a globally important natural laboratory for studies of the interactions of erosion and tectonism in shaping the landscape of elevated plateaus.

  12. Distribución, abundancia y aspectos biológicos de la almeja Polymesoda solida Phillippi, 1846 (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae en la Isla De Salamanca, Caribe Colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanco Jacobo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de evaluar el estado actual de la almeja estuarina Polymesoda solida como recurso ecológico y
    pesquero, se estudiaron diversos aspectos de la población en el sector occidental de la isla de Salamanca, en el Caribe colombiano. El muestreo se llevó a cabo mensualmente en cuatro ciénagas interconectadas de este Parque Natural, tres de ellas sometidas a explotación, entre abril y noviembre de 2004. Se estimó la densidad por metro cuadrado y se efectuaron mediciones de largo, alto y espesor de las conchas para obtener las distribuciones de tallas y relaciones morfométricas. Para conocer la condición física de los animales se estimaron índices de condición con base en los pesos de concha y partes blandas y se calculó el porcentaje de materia
    orgánica en los tejidos blandos. El estado reproductivo se determinó a partir de observaciones en fresco del material gonadal. Se llevaron a cabo análisis de correlación y de regresión múltiple para conocer el grado de influencia de diversas variables ambientales sobre aspectos biológicos de la almeja. Las condiciones ambientales en las ciénagas variaron en función de la distancia al río Magdalena y al mar, mostrando para ciertas variables un patrón marcadamente estacional, obedeciendo a las épocas climáticas. Se destacaron las diferencias en las características de P. solida entre sitios de muestreo, presentándose rangos de tallas, densidades, índices de condición y tipo de sustrato muy característico para cada ciénaga. La densidad varió inversamente con la talla, las longitudes de los ejemplares oscilaron entre 9,8 mm y 50 mm, predominando el rango de 25-30 mm. Se encontraron
    reclutas (<5mm ocasionalmente en orillas arenosas de algunos sectores. Las fluctuaciones en el índice de condición de los individuos se asociaron a los cambios en el estado fisiológico a lo largo del tiempo, muy dependientes del estado reproductivo. También se observaron

  13. Falls among elderly persons in Latin America and the Caribbean and among elderly Mexican-Americans Las caídas en ancianos de América Latina y el Caribe y en ancianos mexicanoestadounidenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Reyes-Ortiz

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of and risk factors for falls among community-dwelling elders in Latin America and the Caribbean and among elderly Mexican-Americans in the southwestern United States. METHODS: Data for the study came from a project called Health, Well-Being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean (Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe (the "SABE project" (surveys from seven cities, with a total of 9 765 subjects and from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE (1 483 subjects. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of falls across the seven SABE cities and the H-EPESE ranged from 21.6% in Bridgetown, Barbados, to 34.0% in Santiago, Chile. In multiple logistic regression analyses, female gender, increased age, high depressive symptoms, and having any functional limitations were significant independent risk factors for falls in most of the cities studied as well as among the elderly Mexican-Americans. In several of the cities, significant risk factors also included diabetes, urinary incontinence, and arthritis. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of falls had a large variation among the countries studied. Some of the risk factors that we identified could be modified so as to help prevent falls in older people in these populations. The factors deserving attention include depressive symptoms, functional limitations, diabetes, and urinary incontinence.OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de caídas y de sus factores de riesgo en ancianos que habitan en el seno de la comunidad en América Latina y el Caribe y en ancianos mexicanoestadounidenses que viven en la zona sudoeste de Estados Unidos. MÉTODOS: Los datos usados para el estudio procedieron del proyecto Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe (proyecto "SABE" (encuestas en siete ciudades que abarcaron a un total de 9 765 personas y de las Poblaciones Hispanas Establecidas para Estudios

  14. Documentation of input datasets for the soil-water balance groundwater recharge model of the Upper Colorado River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillman, Fred D

    2015-01-01

    The Colorado River and its tributaries supply water to more than 35 million people in the United States and 3 million people in Mexico, irrigating more than 4.5 million acres of farmland, and generating about 12 billion kilowatt hours of hydroelectric power annually. The Upper Colorado River Basin, encompassing more than 110,000 square miles (mi2), contains the headwaters of the Colorado River (also known as the River) and is an important source of snowmelt runoff to the River. Groundwater discharge also is an important source of water in the River and its tributaries, with estimates ranging from 21 to 58 percent of streamflow in the upper basin. Planning for the sustainable management of the Colorado River in future climates requires an understanding of the Upper Colorado River Basin groundwater system. This report documents input datasets for a Soil-Water Balance groundwater recharge model that was developed for the Upper Colorado River Basin.

  15. A Dreissena Risk Assessment for the Colorado River Ecosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Theodore A.

    2007-01-01

    Executive Summary Nonnative zebra and quagga mussels (Dreissena polymorpha and Dreissena bugensis, respectively; see photo above) were accidentally introduced to the Great Lakes in the 1980s and subsequently spread to watersheds of the Eastern United States (Strayer and others, 1999). The introduction of Dreissena mussels has been economically costly and has had large and far-reaching ecological impacts on these systems. Quagga mussels were found in Lakes Mead and Havasu in January 2007. Given the likelihood that quagga mussels and, eventually, zebra mussels will be introduced to Lake Powell and the Colorado River at Lees Ferry, it is important to assess the risks that introduction of Dreissena mussels pose to the Colorado River ecosystem (here defined as the segment of river from just below Glen Canyon Dam to Diamond Creek; hereafter CRE). In this report, I assess three different types of risks associated with Dreissena and the CRE: (1) the risk that Dreissena will establish at high densities in the CRE, (2) the risk of ecological impacts should Dreissena establish at high densities in the CRE or in Lake Powell, and (3) the risk that Dreissena will be introduced to tributaries of the CRE. The risk of Dreissena establishing within the CRE is low, except for the Lees Ferry tailwater reach where the risk appears high. Dreissena are unlikely to establish at high densities within the CRE or its tributaries because of high suspended sediment, high ratios of suspended inorganic:organic material, and high water velocities, all of which interfere with the ability of Dreissena to effectively filter feed. The rapids of Grand Canyon may represent a large source of mortality to larval Dreissena, which would limit their ability to disperse and colonize downstream reaches of the CRE. In contrast, conditions within the Lees Ferry tailwater generally appear suitable for Dreissena establishment, with the exception of high average water velocity. If Dreissena establish within the

  16. CORRELACIONES Y ANÁLISIS DE SENDERO EN ALGODÓN (Gossypium hirsutum L. EN EL CARIBE COLOMBIANO CORRELATIONS AND PATH ANALYSIS IN COTTON (Gossypium hirsutum L. IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN

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    Miguel Mariano Espitia Camacho

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El cultivo del algodón es la principal actividad agrícola en la economía del Caribe colombiano en el segundo semestre del año y el principal abastecedor de fibra a la industria nacional desde hace aproximadamente 60 años. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estimar las correlaciones fenotípicas, genéticas y ambientales, entre 11 caracteres agronómicos y realizar un análisis de sendero para rendimiento de fibra. Se utilizaron los datos de la evaluación agronómica de 10 genotipos de algodón en ocho ambientes del Caribe colombiano. En cada ambiente se utilizó un diseño experimental de bloques completos al azar con cuatro repeticiones. Los resultados indicaron que las correlaciones genéticas fueron superiores a las fenotípicas y ambientales. El rendimiento de fibra (REF presentó las mayores correlaciones fenotípicas, genéticas y fenotipicas parciales con el porcentaje de fibra (PFI, el rendimiento de algodón - semilla (RAS y el peso de mota (PMO, con valores de r > 0,43 (PThe cotton crop is the main agricultural activity in the economy of the colombian Caribbean in the second semester of the year and the main supplier of fibre to national industry for about 60 years. The objective of this work was to estimate the phenotypic, genetic and environmental correlations, between 11 agronomic characters and to make a path analysis for fibre yield. Data of agronomic evaluation of 10 genotypes of cotton in eight environments of the colombian Caribbean were used. In each environment experimental design at random complete blocks with four repetitions were used. The results indicated that genetic correlations were superior to phenotypic and environmental correlations. Fibre yield (FIY presented the highest phenotypic, genetic and partial phenotypic correlations with ginning percentage (GP, seed-cotton yield (SCY and boll weight (BOW with values of r > 0,43 (P<0,01. The FIP (0,810 was the cause variable that showed the greatest direct effect on

  17. Postlarval settlement of spiny lobster, Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804 (Decapoda: Palinuridae, at the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica Asentamiento postlarval en la langosta espinosa, Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804 (Decapoda: Palinuridae en la costa Caribe de Costa Rica

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    Oscar González

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Lobster fishery (Panulirus argus forms an important part of the fishing activities along the Caribbean coast of Central America. The present study provides information regarding the seasonal abundance and distribution of postlarval P. argus in Parque Nacional Cahuita, Costa Rica. During the study period (March 2004-February 2005, a total of 1907 pueruli were obtained from GuSi collectors. Postlarvae were present during all months, with a pronounced peak in January-February 2005 (CPUE of 21.82 and 22.18, pueruli/collector/month, respectively, and minor peaks in May and October 2004. The abundance of postlarval P. argus in the study area was comparable to locations which support important lobster fisheries, e.g. Mexico. A majority of the postlarvae (1027 ind. was collected during the first quarter moon, the remaining pueruli (880 ind. during new moon; these results are in general agreement with similar findings for P. argus in the Caribbean area. Based upon our results, we recommend introducing a local or regional monitoring program, studying spiny lobster migration and distribution patterns, and evaluate the introduction of artificial shelters for P. argus.Las capturas de langosta (Panulirus argus son de gran importancia en la actividad pesquera a lo largo de las costas del Caribe de Centroamérica. El presente estudio proporciona información relevante de la abundancia temporal y la distribución de postlarvas de P. argus en el Parque Nacional Cahuita, Costa Rica. Durante el periodo de estudio (Marzo 2004-Febrero 2005, un total de 1907 puérulos fueron obtenidos del colector GuSi. Las postlarvas fueron colectadas durante todos los meses, con máximos en enero-febrero 2005 (CPUE de 21.82 y 22.18, puérulos/colector/mes, respectivamente, y mínimos en mayo y octubre de 2004. La abundancia de postlarvas de P. argus en el estudio es comparada con áreas que soportan importantes pesquerías, p. ej. México. La mayoría de las postlarvas (1027 ind

  18. Presencia de bacterias Gram positivas en músculo de pescado con importancia comercial en la zona del Caribe mexicano Presence of Gram negative bacteria in fish muscle of commercial importance in the Mexican Caribbean zone

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    Jorge Manuel Romero-Jarero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de microorganismos patógenos en músculo de especies acuáticas de gran demanda para consumo humano es de alto riesgo para la salud pública. El crecimiento urbano en la costa del Caribe mexicano ha incrementado la contaminación de la zona, por acarreo de residuos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la diferencia cualitativa y cuantitativa de la carga bacteriana en especies de pescados de importancia comercial, antes y después de procesarse para su comercialización. Se muestreó entre la isla Contoy y bahía de la Ascensión, Quintana Roo, durante la captura y procesado. Se obtuvieron 160 muestras que fueron aisladas y purificadas en agar para Streptococcus y Staphylococcus. Se identificaron siguiendo los criterios de Mc Faddin, y Cowan y Steel. Se aplicó análisis de panel. La contaminación por diferentes especies de Streptococcus y Staphylococcus saprophyticus se registró desde el ambiente de los peces, El manejo durante su comercialización no la incrementó significativamente. El estar conformada por los mismos grupos bacterianos indica contaminación homogénea desde el ambiente marino. Los resultados de este estudio presentan datos valiosos sobre el riesgo que acarrea para la población el consumo de pescado contaminado con esos patógenos en áreas del Caribe mexicano.The presence of pathogenic microorganisms in muscle of aquatic species with high demand for human consumption can be highly dangerous for public health. Urban growth on the Mexican Caribbean coast zones had increased pollution due to urban residues accumulation. The aim of the present study is to determinate qualitative and quantitative differences in bacterial charge of commercial fish species before and after being processed. Samples of the areas between Contoy Island and Bahía de Ascensión, Quintana Roo, were obtained during commercialization, capture and processing. One hundred and sixty samples were isolated and purified in agar

  19. Changing landscapes and the cosmopolitism of the eastern Colorado avifauna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knopf, Fritz L.

    1986-01-01

    of a population are difficult to detect locally. Contemporary issues in the conservation of native species demand regional and continental perspectives (Samson and Knopf 1982). Thus, management activities at specific sites are often viewed as short-sighted by planners and conservation critics. This paper illustrates how these contemporary theories can influence a local conservation perspective. That perspective is developed around historical processes that have led to cosmopolitism of the local avifauna on the Colorado Division of Wildlife's South Platte Wildlife Management Area (SPWMA) near Crook, Colorado.

  20. Allen's big-eared bat (Idionycteris phyllotis) documented in colorado based on recordings of its distinctive echolocation call

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, M.A.; Navo, K.W.; Bonewell, L.; Mosch, C.J.; Adams, R.A.

    2009-01-01

    Allen's big-eared bat (Idionycteris phyllotis) inhabits much of the southwestern USA, but has not been documented in Colorado. We recorded echolocation calls consistent with I. phyllotis near La Sal Creek, Montrose County, Colorado. Based on characteristics of echolocation calls and flight behavior, we conclude that the echolocation calls described here were emitted by I. phyllotis and that they represent the first documentation of this species in Colorado.