WorldWideScience

Sample records for career path choices

  1. Career Paths and Choices Leading to the Senior Student Affairs Office (SSAO) for Women at Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biddix, J. Patrick; Giddens, Brandi M.; Darsey, Jessica; Fricks, Jodie Boney; Tucker, Barbara D.; Robertson, Joshua W.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined career paths and choices leading to the Senior Student Affairs Office (SSAO) for women at community colleges. Data were comprised of 57 resumes and 11 interviews from SSAOs during the 2008-2009 academic year. Network analysis paired with interviews offer career track and progression profiles with rationale for women aspirants.…

  2. Testing the Choice Model of Social Cognitive Career Theory across Holland Themes: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheu, Hung-Bin; Lent, Robert W.; Brown, Steven D.; Miller, Matthew J.; Hennessy, Kelly D.; Duffy, Ryan D.

    2010-01-01

    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) seeks to explain the factors that shape educational and vocational interests and choices. We used meta-analytic path analyses to synthesize data (from 1981 to 2008) relevant to SCCT's interest and choice hypotheses, organizing the literature according to Holland's (1997) broad…

  3. Career Path Descriptions

    CERN Document Server

    Charkiewicz, A

    2000-01-01

    Before the Career Path system, jobs were classified according to grades with general statutory definitions, guided by the "Job Catalogue" which defined 6 evaluation criteria with example illustrations in the form of "typical" job descriptions. Career Paths were given concise statutory definitions necessitating a method of description and evaluation adapted to their new wider-band salary concept. Evaluations were derived from the same 6 criteria but the typical descriptions became unusable. In 1999, a sub-group of the Standing Concertation Committee proposed a new guide for describing Career Paths, adapted to their wider career concept by expanding the 6 evaluation criteria into 9. For each criterion several levels were established tracing the expected evolution of job level profiles and personal competencies over their longer salary ranges. While providing more transparency to supervisors and staff, the Guide's official use would be by services responsible for vacancy notices, Career Path evaluations and rela...

  4. Career Choice Conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behymer, Jo; Cockriel, Irvin W.

    1988-01-01

    The study attempted to determine the effect of availability of scholarships and loans on the career choice of high school juniors and seniors. A survey of 911 college-bound students revealed that 89 percent considered availability of scholarships important to career choice, and 84 percent considered loan availability important. (CH)

  5. Career Paths of Recipients of a Master's Degree in Health Communication: Understanding Employment Opportunities, Responsibilities, and Choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgar, Timothy; Silk, Kami J; Abroms, Lorien C; Cruz, Tess Boley; Evans, W Douglas; Gallagher, Susan Scavo; Miller, Gregory A; Hoffman, Alice; Schindler-Ruwisch, Jennifer M; Sheff, Sarah E

    2016-01-01

    A growing number of institutions offer a master's degree in health communication to prepare individuals for applied work in the field, but there is very little literature on the career paths graduates pursue. The current study reports the results of a national survey that targeted the alumni of five institutions that offer the degree. Of the 522 total graduates to whom the survey was sent, 398 responded (76.2% response rate). Results show that the degree recipients have found employment in a wide variety of organizations across the country, including jobs within very prestigious organizations, such as the National Cancer Institute. Common job titles include manager, coordinator, communication associate/specialist, and program/project director. The most common job responsibilities include research activities, the development of health communication materials, project/program management, communication management, and social media/website management. The results also include stories of graduates across programs that illustrate details of career paths. The discussion of the findings addresses implications for career preparation, curriculum development, and advising. PMID:26735802

  6. Gender differences in career paths in psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krener, P

    1994-03-01

    Although psychiatry has one of the highest proportions of women entering its residency programs, women have not assumed a proportionate amount of academic or research leadership positions in the field. This literature review identifies three general groups of models that explain disparities between men's and women's careers, but these do not fully account for observed differences in psychiatric practice and academic progression of women in psychiatry. Gender differences in career paths in psychiatry are not only affected by individual traits and choices, but also by economic factors. Theories based on organizational discrimination, and systems and market factors are also reviewed. No single explanatory model accounts for disparities between the careers of men and those of women. Because psychiatric practice patterns may be broadly distributed across labor sectors, more diverse career patterns are possible in psychiatry than in more constrained and traditional fields. Research on gender differences in psychiatry careers must consider not only the individual work style and choice, but also the position of individuals within the organization and the position of those organizations across the labor market. PMID:24435498

  7. Career Counseling as an Environmental Support: Exploring Influences on Career Choice, Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, and Career Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makela, Julia Panke

    2011-01-01

    This study was motivated by concerns regarding the difficult academic and career choices facing today's college students as they navigate higher education and encounter career barriers along their paths. Using Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) as a primary framework, the study sought to understand the role that…

  8. Security careers skills, compensation, and career paths

    CERN Document Server

    Walker, Stephen W

    2014-01-01

    The third edition of Security Careers is the authoritative reference for current job descriptions and pay practices of security, compliance, ethics, environmental, health and safety occupations. The job descriptions and compensation ranges in this report are drawn from research from the Foushée Group, which has been conducting this research since 1980. Security Careers includes more than 75 job descriptions for security-related positions, which range from the entry-level security guard to the top global corporate executive. It also provides four years of compensation trend data to give a th

  9. Administrator Career Paths and Decision Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth N.; Raffel, Jeffrey A.; Welch, Jennie Christine

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present qualitative evidence on the processes and forces that shape school administrator career paths. Design/methodology/approach: An embedded case study approach is used to understand more than 100 administrator career transitions within the Delaware education system. Semi-structured interview data were…

  10. Gender Differences in Career Paths in Banking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Sandra; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Analyzed career paths of middle managers in bank. Study of matched pairs found that men (n=25) advanced faster and reached middle management through fewer promotions and positions than did women (n=25). Men had significantly more work experience outside of banking. In banking careers, men held more jobs in lending, whereas women occupied more…

  11. Create three distinct career paths for innovators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Gina Colarelli; Corbett, Andrew; Pierantozzi, Ron

    2009-12-01

    Large companies say they Create Three Distinct want to be Career Paths for Innovators innovative, but they fundamentally mismanage their talent. Expecting innovators to grow along with their projects-from discovery to incubation to acceleration--sets them up to fail. Most people excel at one of the phases, not all three. By allowing innovation employees to develop career paths suited to their strengths, companies will create a sustainable innovation function. PMID:19968059

  12. Career Choice Anxiety, Coping, and Perceived Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Faye M.; Healy, Charles C.; Ender, Philip B.

    2002-01-01

    Presents a study exploring whether perceived control moderates the relation between coping with career indecision and choice anxiety among women in low-level jobs. Results revealed that perceived control interacted with problem-focused coping to increase accountable variance in choice anxiety. Discusses implications for interventions with women in…

  13. DRAFT CAREER PATH - DESCRIPTIONS AND EVALUATION GUIDE

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    As indicated in the summary of the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 3 March 1999, the Committee has approved the above draft guide concerning Career Paths II to VII on a test basis for at least one year.During this period, Personnel Division has been asked to monitor the applicability of this guide for possible future implementation (establishment of vacancies for recruitment, change of career path evaluations, salary survey comparisons) and to report back to the Standing Concertation Committee after approximately one year.Copies of the draft guide are available on request in divisional secretariats.Personnel DivisionTel.74480

  14. Career choices among medical students in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SM Moslehuddin Ahmed

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available SM Moslehuddin Ahmed1, Md Anwarul Azim Majumdar2, Rezina Karim3, Sayeeda Rahman2, Nuzhat Rahman41Department of Community Medicine, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire, Bradford, UK; 3Department of Microbiology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 4Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USAIntroduction: Information regarding career choices of medical students is important to plan human resources for health, design need-based educational programs, and ensure equitable and quality health care services in a country.Aim: The aim of the study is to identify career choices, nature of career, intended practice locations, and reasons for career choices of Bangladesh medical students.Method: First-, third-, and fifth-year students of Bangladesh Medical College and Uttara Adhunik Medical College completed a self-report questionnaire on career choices, nature of career, intended practice locations, and reasons for career choices. The students were requested to choose three long-term choices from the given specialties.Results: A total of 132 students responded (46 males and 86 females and response rate was 75%. The popular choices (first choice among males and females were medical specialty, surgical specialty, obstetrics and gynecology, and general practice. For first, second, and third choices altogether, male students chose surgical specialties and female students preferred medical specialties. The leading reasons for selecting a specialty were personal interest and wide job opportunity. More than 67% of respondents wanted to join private services and about 90% chose major cities as practice locations. About 43% of respondents expressed willingness to practice medicine in Bangladesh, whereas 51% of total respondents wanted to practice abroad.Discussion: Majority of students intended

  15. Career Choice in Academic Medicine: Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Straus, Sharon E; Straus, Christine; Tzanetos, Katina

    2006-01-01

    Academic medicine is in crisis. Contributing factors include the failure to engage stakeholders in developing the research and education agendas and the declining interest in academic careers. To reinvigorate academic medicine, it is necessary to understand what factors influence career choice. Exposure of trainees to research opportunities and graduate programs stimulate interest in academia. The desire to teach, conduct research, and the intellectual stimulation provided in academia also in...

  16. What drives the career choice among engineers? A case in Malaysian manufacturing plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choo, Ling Suan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This empirical study was conducted to determine factors that influence the career choice among engineers in a Malaysian manufacturing plant. Subjects of this study were taken from engineers in one of manufacturing plant in Malaysia. As hypothesized, the results suggest that perceptions of person-job fit and financial rewards are significant factors that influence the career choice of engineers. Contrast to our hypothesis, influence from family members does not have any impact in determining the career choice among engineers. Interventions in attracting more engineers to remain in their career path and limitations of the study are also being discussed in the paper.

  17. Children's Conceptions of Career Choice and Attainment: Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Kimberly A. S.; Walsh, Mary E.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a model of children's conceptions of two key career development processes: career choice and career attainment. The model of children's understanding of career choice and attainment was constructed with developmental research and theory into children's understanding of allied phenomena such as their understanding of illness,…

  18. [Career counselling and choice of speciality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lillevang, G.; Ringsted, C.

    2008-01-01

    Career counselling is meant to support and ensure an early and relevant choice of specialty. Self-awareness regarding personality, life goals, wishes for family life, and lifestyle is of help in narrowing down the number of specialties to those that fit personal attitudes and preferences. The...... counsellor must be aware that the trainees' subjective opinions about the specialties may not be in line with the actual conditions. Hence, career counselling should provide factual knowledge about the specialties including information on the working conditions and defining characteristics of the specialties...

  19. Exclusive paths and difficult choices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors argue basically for a process by which one may objectively analyze the desirability of future energy goals. A table is presented that projects the U.S. primary energy supply in the year 2000. The authors note that according to the table, oil and gas demand are still dangerously close to today's level. Nuclear and coal production rise sharply, but are limited by practical constraints to the rate of expansion, and new energy sources (geothermal, wind, solar, and biomass) provide only about 5 to 6% of demand in the year 2000. An analysis is given of Amory Lovins's hard and soft path energy projections for the years 2000-2025 for coal, oil and gas, and nuclear energies

  20. ADVANCEMENT & CHANGE OF CAREER PATH 2001 REVIEW

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Advancement, exceptional advancement and exceptional performance award decisions have now been made, following the procedures published in Weekly Bulletin No. 12/2001. The decisions applied were within the guidelines fixed by the Director-General. These decisions are included, where applicable, in the salaries for the month of July 2001. The award of the annual step is communicated to staff, as in previous years, by the salary shown on the July salary slip. All other decisions are communicated by separate notification to the staff concerned, whose names may be consulted in Divisional Secretariats. It is recalled that change of career path proposals submitted to the Technical Engineers and Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) or to Human Resources Division are being examined with a view to preparing the latters' recommendations by the end of September 2001. Final decisions will be applied retroactively to 1 July 2001.

  1. ADVANCEMENT & CHANGE OF CAREER PATH 2000 REVIEW

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines

    2000-01-01

    Advancement, exceptional advancement and exceptional performance award decisions have now been made, following the procedures published in Weekly Bulletin No. 10/2000. The decisions applied were within the guidelines fixed by the Director-General. These decisions are included, where applicable, in the salaries for the month of July 2000. The award of the annual step is communicated to staff, as in previous years, by the salary shown on the July salary slip. All other decisions are communicated by separate notification to the staff concerned, whose names may be consulted in Divisional Secretariats.It is recalled that change of career path proposals submitted to the Technical Engineers and Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) or to Human Resources Division is being examined with a view to preparing the latte's' recommendations by the end of September 2000. Final decisions will be applied retroactively to 1 July 2000.Human Resources DivisionTel: 74480

  2. Personality Influences Career Choice: Sensation Seeking in Professional Musicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuust, Peter; Gebauer, Line; Hansen, Niels Chr.; Jorgensen, Stine Ramsgaard; Moller, Arne; Linnet, Jakob

    2010-01-01

    Despite the obvious importance of deciding which career to pursue, little is known about the influence of personality on career choice. Here we investigated the relation between sensation seeking, a supposedly innate personality trait, and career choice in classical and "rhythmic" students at the academies of music in Denmark. We compared data…

  3. Factors and Influences on High School Student's Career Choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Thomas P.; Rallis, Sharon F.

    1991-01-01

    A survey (n=2213) of high school seniors from nine Rhode Island schools studied their academic and career choices related to science and engineering and the perceived influences on those choices. Gender differences are discussed for the influences of parents, pay, interest, and teachers, with the latter potentially influencing career choices of…

  4. A systems theory approach to career development: Exploring factors that affect science as a career choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liskey, Brian K.

    This research project was designed to examine the factors that affect students' choice in a career. Specifically, the factors of (a) achievement, (b) interest, (c) self-efficacy, (d) perceived preparation for a career, and (e) being informed about a career will be under investigation. Of key importance to the study is how these factors can affect a student's perception about choosing a science career. A quantitative analysis of secondary data from the 2006 and 2009 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) international assessment and attitudinal questionnaire provided data on student perceptions and aptitude in science. The sample from PISA included over 400,000 15 year-old students from 57 countries. From the 57 countries, 30 countries, comprised by Organization for Economic and Cooperative Development (OECD), were isolated for analysis. Within this group of 30, 11 were selected for comparison based on their questionnaire response to expectations for a career in science at age 30. The Institute for Educational Science's, International Data Explorer was utilized to acquire and analyze data from the 2006 and 2009 PISA international tests and questionnaires to determine significance between scaled scores and PISA indices. Variables were chosen as factors affecting student's perception on various systems outlined by the Systems Theory of Career Development (Patton & McMahon, 1997) and the Systems Theory of Career Development Framework (Patton & McMahon, 1999). Four country groups were established based on student responses to question 30a from the 2006 PISA attitudinal questionnaire, which asks what career students expected to have at age 30. The results from comparing country groups showed that countries in Group A, which showed the highest values for students expecting a career in science, also had the highest average values for achievement on the PISA science literacy assessment. Likewise, countries that had the lowest values for expecting a career in

  5. Researchers identify influences in information technology career choices for women

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, Jean

    2005-01-01

    A Virginia Tech team of researchers has identified five factors that influence girls' informational technology (IT) career choices. Backed with more than $882,000 in funding by the National Science Foundation, the statewide project "Women in Information Technology: Pivotal Transitions from School to Careers" evaluates the impact of family, peers, school, and community on girls' perceptions of IT careers.

  6. Factors Influencing Career Choice of Management Students in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwala, Tanuja

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the influence of a range of factors on the career choice of management students in India. The importance of different individuals in the family and at work in making career choices among these students is also to be explored. In addition, the study seeks to address the relationship of the cultural values of…

  7. Schools principals’ career path: Ireland, Cyprus and Malta sample

    OpenAIRE

    UMMANEL, Azize

    2012-01-01

    Leadership studies have been conducted for decades; however one of the leading studies about principals’ career path belongs to Peter Ribbins who carried it out in the United Kingdom in 1997. After this research a collective research project involving Singapore, Hong Kong, Cyprus and Malta was carried out under the leadership of Peter Gronn and Peter Ribbins. The purpose of this study is exploring principals’ career path as well as updating the previous research in Cyprus (Pashiardis & Ri...

  8. Career Choice Class: Caviar or Caveat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochran, Donald J.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The gain for the skills group was significantly greater than the gain for the career orientation group. The results were discussed as support of the effectiveness of teaching career decision-making skills in a classroom context. (Author)

  9. The relation of secondary student's career choice readiness to a six-phase model of career decision-making

    OpenAIRE

    Hirschi, Andreas; Läge, Damian

    2007-01-01

    Based on common aspects of recent models of career decision-making (CDM) a sixphase model of CDM for secondary students is presented and empirically evaluated. The study tested the hypothesis that students who are in later phases possess more career choice readiness and consider different numbers of career alternatives. 266 Swiss secondary students completed measures tapping phase of CDM, career choice readiness, and number of considered career options. Career choice readiness showed an incre...

  10. Undergraduate female science-related career choices: A phenomenological study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, Kathy S.

    This qualitative phenomenological study used a modified Groenewald's five steps method with semi-structured, recorded, and transcribed interviews to focus on the underrepresentation of females in science-related careers. The study explored the lived experiences of a purposive sample of 25 senior female college students attending a college in Macon, Georgia. Ten major themes emerged from the research study that included (a) journey to a science-related career; (b) realization of career interest; (c) family support (d) society's role; (e) professors' treatment of students; (f) lack of mentors and models; (g) gender and career success; (h) females and other disadvantages in science-related careers; (i) rewards of the journey; and (j) advice for the journey. The three minor themes identified were (a) decision-making; (b) career awareness; and (c) guidance. The key findings revealed that females pursuing a science degree or subsequent science-related career, shared their experience with other females interested in science as a career choice, dealt with barriers standing in the way of their personal goals, lack role models, and received little or no support from family and friends. The study findings may offer information to female college students interested in pursuing science-related careers and further foundational research on gender disparities in career choice.

  11. An Economic Analysis of Identity and Career Choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Humlum, Maria Knoth; Kleinjans, Kristin J.; Nielsen, Helena Skyt

    2007-01-01

    Standard economic models which focus on pecuniary payoffs cannot explain why there are highly able individuals who choose careers with low pecuniary re- turns. Therefore, financial incentives are unlikely to be effective in influencing career choices of these individuals. Based on Akerlof and...... Kranton (2000), we con- sider a model of career choice and identity where individuals derive non-pecuniary identity payoffs. Using factor analysis on a range of attitude questions, we find two factors related to identity (career orientation and social orientation), which are important for educational...... choices. The implication is that policymakers and institutions of higher education need to focus on identity related issues rather than just improved financial incentives if they aim at attracting the high ability youth to occupations with excess demand for labor....

  12. Path-dependency in International Academic Careers

    OpenAIRE

    Czaika, Mathias; Toma, Sorana

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The impact of globalisation processes and economic integration on the internationalisation of higher education has mainly been discussed with respect to students and their mobility to date. Less attention has been devoted to academics themselves as the producers of knowledge and providers of educational services, despite the fact that academic careers have long been associated with high levels of geographical mobility. Using unique data from a recent survey of about 10,000 Indian...

  13. Early career choices and successful career progression in surgery in the UK: prospective cohort studies

    OpenAIRE

    Goldacre, Michael J; Laxton, Louise; Harrison, Ewen M.; Richards, Jennifer M.J.; Lambert, Trevor W; Parks, Rowan W

    2010-01-01

    Background: Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and the eventual career destinations, of UK graduates who declared an early preference for surgery.Methods: Postal questionnaires were sent, at regular time intervals after qualification, to all medical qualifiers from all UK medical schools in selected qualification years betwee...

  14. Early career choices and successful career progression in surgery in the UK: prospective cohort studies

    OpenAIRE

    Richards Jennifer MJ; Harrison Ewen M; Laxton Louise; Goldacre Michael J; Lambert Trevor W; Parks Rowan W

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and the eventual career destinations, of UK graduates who declared an early preference for surgery. Methods Postal questionnaires were sent, at regular time intervals after qualification, to all medical qualifiers from all UK medical schools in selected qualification year...

  15. School Quality, Exam Performance and Career Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Dustmann, C.; Rajah, N.; van Soest, A.H.O.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of school quality on performance in national exams and the career decision at age 16. We use micro data for the UK, which provides a rich set of variables on parental background, previous achievements, and community variables. We find that, conditional on school type, the pupil-teacher ratio has no effect on examination performance. The pupil-teacher ratio has an effect on the career decision at age 16 as to whether to remain in full time ed...

  16. School Quality, Exam Performance and Career Choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dustmann, C.; Rajah, N.; van Soest, A.H.O.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of school quality on performance in national exams and the career decision at age 16. We use micro data for the UK, which provides a rich set of variables on parental background, previous achievements, and community variables. We find that, conditi

  17. Career Paths in Educational Leadership: Examining Principals' Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parylo, Oksana; Zepeda, Sally J.; Bengtson, Ed

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study analyzes the career path narratives of active principals. Structural narrative analysis was supplemented with sociolinguistic theory and thematic narrative analysis to discern the similarities and differences, as well as the patterns in the language used by participating principals. Thematic analysis found four major themes…

  18. Student Perceptions of Science Ability, Experiences, Expectations, and Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherney, Michael; Cherney, I.

    2006-12-01

    The decision to study physics or astronomy is affected by many factors, including preferences, motivations, and expectations for success. Differing cognitive profiles contribute to the learning of science through a complex process in which intrinsic capacities are tuned both by everyday experience and by instruction. In an attempt to identify the developmental pathways and intrinsic factors that most strongly influence the choice to study science, we administered an extensive survey to a sample of 400 students. The survey questions were based on Eccles et al.’s model of achievement-related choices and findings showing that previous play experiences, spatial experiences, task beliefs, as well as perceived mathematics ability, motivational and personality characteristics affect mathematics achievement and science career choices. The perceptions of students planning a science career are compared with those planning a career in other areas. Gender differences are also discussed.

  19. Factors influencing career choice in anaesthesiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Tyagi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a shortage of anaesthesiologists in India. The factors that prompt medical students to opt for anaesthesiology as their career are not known; neither do we have any mechanism to know a student′s stress-bearing ability before he/she opts for a stressful career like anaesthesiology. We conducted an anonymous, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey among 200 post-graduate anaesthesiology students to know various factors that they considered while opting for this speciality, and also evaluated their stress-bearing ability using Antonovsky′s 13-point sense of coherence scale. Methods: Two-hundred anaesthesiology students were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the factors they considered important while opting for anaesthesiology, also enumerated in order of importance the three most important factors that led to opting this career. Students also answered the questions in Antonovsky′s sense of coherence (SOC scale. Results: Economic security was considered by maximum number of students (67.7%, while intellectual stimulation/challenge offered by anaesthesiology was rated first in order of importance. Influence of doctor−patient relationship was not considered by large number of students. The weak SOC score (55 (25 th percentile was not greatly different than the mean SOC score (60 in the survey. Conclusion: Increasing the exposure of students to anaesthesiology at undergraduate level and building public awareness about the speciality will prompt more students to opt for the speciality, while career counselling with regard to specific needs of a speciality and ability of a student will help in opting the speciality that best suits the student′s personality.

  20. Factors influencing nursing career choices and choice of study program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haron, Yafa; Reicher, Sima; Riba, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    In advance of a recruitment campaign, Israeli first-year nursing students of all ethnicities were surveyed to elucidate what factors had influenced them to make nursing their career and what sort of training track they preferred. The responses made it clear that different factors influence different groups differently. There were noticeable differences by gender, age, and ethnicity. Overall, training institutions were chosen for their closeness to the student's home but other factors also operated among particular groups, such as institutional prestige and flexible entry criteria. There was a blatant preference for academic, particularly university-sited, programs over diploma programs. PMID:24878405

  1. Curricular Track, Career Choice, and Androgyny among Adolescent Females.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulff, Mary Beth; Steitz, Jean A.

    1997-01-01

    Investigates psychological androgyny among 40 high school girls enrolled in either an upper-level mathematics class or a vocational track cosmetology class. Results indicate that, contrary to ideas that career choices are linked to sex-role stereotypes, the cosmetology group was significantly more androgynous than was the upper-level mathematics…

  2. A STUDY ON PARENTAL AND SOCIAL INFLUENCE ON CAREER CHOICE AS ENGINEER

    OpenAIRE

    Swaha Bhattacharya

    2013-01-01

    A career is traditionally seen as a course of successive situation that make up a person's work life. Students in the modern and fast changing world are trying to seek for those careers which would ultimately led them to achieve fairly in life. Career choice is a major life decision. The choice of career by an individual sometimes is influenced by parents and society. The present investigation has been designed to study the impact of parental and social influence on career choice. Accordingly...

  3. Early career choices and successful career progression in surgery in the UK: prospective cohort studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richards Jennifer MJ

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and the eventual career destinations, of UK graduates who declared an early preference for surgery. Methods Postal questionnaires were sent, at regular time intervals after qualification, to all medical qualifiers from all UK medical schools in selected qualification years between 1974 and 2005. They were sent in the first year after qualification, at year three and five years after qualification, and at longer time intervals thereafter. Results Responses were received from 27 749 of 38 280 doctors (73% at year one, 23 468 of 33151 (71% at year three, and 17 689 of 24 870 (71% at year five. Early career preferences showed that surgery has become more popular over the past two decades. Looking forward from early career choice, 60% of respondents (64% of men, 48% of women with a first preference for a surgical specialty at year one eventually worked in surgery (p Conclusions Surgery is a popular specialty choice in the UK. The great majority of doctors who progressed in a surgical career made an early and definitive decision to do so.

  4. Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Tara Béteille; Demetra Kalogrides; Susanna Loeb

    2011-01-01

    More than one out of every five principals leaves their school each year. In some cases, these career changes are driven by the choices of district leadership. In other cases, principals initiate the move, often demonstrating preferences to work in schools with higher achieving students from more advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. Principals often use schools with many poor or low-achieving students as stepping stones to what they view as more desirable assignments. We use longitudinal dat...

  5. Women in construction management: Creating a theory of career choice and development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Jennifer Dawn

    2006-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to create a theory of women's career choice and development in the context of the construction industry. Focused on female constructors, or those engaged in the management of construction projects or companies, this study investigated the relevant factors, processes, and experiences of women who choose to enter the construction industry through construction management degree programs. The goal was to communicate as a theoretically and practically grounded theory of career choice and development an understanding of who female constructors are and those factors which led them to the construction industry and those influencing their career development. As a grounded theory research design, qualitative research methods were employed as the primary means of collecting and analyzing data. Purposive and snowball sampling were used to garner a sample of 24 women who had graduated within a ten year period and were actively employed as constructors. Participants' views and experiences, captured through small focus group interviews, were analyzed with quantitative data of demographics, education, construction experience, self-efficacy, personality, and career satisfaction and commitment gathered from a written questionnaire, to create a profile of female constructors used in this theory. The profiles completed from these data are complex, providing for an extensive understanding of their career choice and development process. The strongest common characteristic in the career development of these women was a mentor. This influence in cannot be overlooked, especially in light of the rather constant sense of isolation many of these women expressed as a significant minority in every facet of their careers. Recommendations for academia and industry are in many ways related to these findings. Recommendations for recruitment center on educating youth and those able to influence the career choice making process of youth about the career paths available

  6. Factors influencing career choice after initial training in surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, Seamus

    2012-02-01

    INTRODUCTION: Irish general surgery faces a recruitment crisis with only 87 of 145 (60%) basic surgical training (BST) places filled in 2009. We assessed basic surgical trainees to identify objective, and potentially modifiable, factors that influence ultimate recruitment into a general surgical career. METHODS: Candidates commencing BST training during a 5-year period between 2004 and 2008 were included in a quantitative study. In addition a total of 2,536 candidates, representing all those who commenced surgical training in Ireland since 1960 were identified through the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) database and invited to complete an online survey. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 15, with p < 0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: During the 5-year quantitative study period there were 381 BST trainees. Gender was a significant predictor of career choice with women more likely to ultimately choose a nonsurgical career after initial surgical training (p = 0.049). Passing surgical membership examinations (MRCS) also was predictive of remaining in surgery (p = 0.005). Training region was not a significant predictor of ultimate career choice. There were 418 survey respondents. The influence of role models was most commonly cited as influencing candidates in choosing to commence surgical training. Candidates who rated "academic opportunity" (p = 0.023) and "intellectual challenge" (p = 0.047) as factors that influenced their decision to commence surgical training were more likely to ultimately continue their careers in a surgical speciality. CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the career pathway of surgical trainees and confirms the importance of academic achievement in discriminating between candidates applying for surgical training schemes.

  7. The Effects of Career Choice Guidance on Identity Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Saskia Kunnen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the effects of a student career choice guidance on identity development. We compared the levels of identity development before and after the guidance. In addition we compared the identity development of the participants with a norm group of the same age and educational level. Following the guidance we found—as expected—that the participants showed a significant increase in commitment strength in the vocational and personal domains and in global identity. The effect size was moderate. The participants showed significantly higher increase levels than did the norm group. The initial commitment strength in the group with career choice problems was lower as compared to the norm group in the vocational and personal domain but not in the global identity.

  8. Conceptions of Career Choice and Attainment: Developmental Levels in How Children Think about Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Kimberly A. S.; Walsh, Mary E.

    2010-01-01

    Children's conceptions of career choice and attainment were evaluated in two studies to test whether reasoning levels varied by grade level (Studies 1 and 2) and perspective-taking complexity (Study 2). Results indicated that younger children (Grade K) were more likely to use reasoning strategies associated with fantasy and magical thinking and…

  9. The Effects of Career Choice Guidance on Identity Development

    OpenAIRE

    E. Saskia Kunnen

    2013-01-01

    We investigated the effects of a student career choice guidance on identity development. We compared the levels of identity development before and after the guidance. In addition we compared the identity development of the participants with a norm group of the same age and educational level. Following the guidance we found—as expected—that the participants showed a significant increase in commitment strength in the vocational and personal domains and in global identity. The effect size was mo...

  10. Women in hospital medicine: career choices and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, R C; Black, C

    2001-12-01

    A significant number of women now enter hospital medicine. However, many do not make the expected progression within the medical specialties. The Royal College of Physicians set up a working party to examine and collect evidence on the career choices and progression of women in the hospital medical specialties under its remit and published a report of this evidence. This article outlines the findings of the report and the implications for hospital medicine. PMID:11810739

  11. Effects of Animal Science Agricultural Education Course Completion on Urban High School Students' Career Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Gowans, Kristina

    2014-01-01

    This study focused on testing the effects of agricultural education on urban high school students’ career choices. It looked into how students view agriculture, how they perceive their peers view agriculture, how their demographics are related to career choice, and if their career choice was changed to a different career upon completion of the study. The study showed a positive relationship between completing an agricultural education class in animal science and interest in going into an agri...

  12. Aligning Athletes' Career Choices and Graduate Degree Pathways: Implications for 21st-Century Career Development Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haslerig, Siduri J.; Navarro, Kristina M.

    2016-01-01

    Higher education career development professionals are charged with more than understanding the challenges and needs of a diverse student body, and they must also prepare students for career fields in life after higher education. This empirical study explored the graduate degree choices and career aspirations of 14 college athletes who competed in…

  13. The Relation of Secondary Students' Career-Choice Readiness to a Six-Phase Model of Career Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschi, Andreas; Lage, Damian

    2007-01-01

    Based on common aspects of recent models of career decision making (CDM), a six-phase model of CDM for secondary students is presented and empirically evaluated. The study tests the hypothesis that students who are in later phases possess more career-choice readiness and consider different numbers of career alternatives. Two hundred sixty-six…

  14. Project CHOICE: #107. A Career Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Dancing Occupations. (Fine Arts and Humanities Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Dancing Occupations, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the Fine Arts and Humanities…

  15. Project CHOICE: #100. A Career Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Ecology Workers. (Agriculture and Ecological Studies Occupations Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Ecology Workers, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the Agriculture and Ecological…

  16. Project CHOICE: #122. A Career Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Banking. (Business and Office Occupations Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Banking, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the Business and Office Occupations…

  17. An Empirical Study of the Career Paths of Senior Educational Administrators in Manitoba, Canada: Implications for Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallin, Dawn C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper conceptualizes queue theory (Tallerico & Blount, 2004) to discuss a mixed-methods study that determined the career patterns of senior educational administrators in public school divisions in Manitoba, Canada, compared by position, context and sex. Findings indicate that queue theory has merit for describing the career paths of senior…

  18. Redesigning Schools to Reach Every Student with Excellent Teachers: Teacher, Leader, and Paraprofessional Career Paths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Impact, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This document provides an overview of multiple career paths that schools can use to expand opportunities for their teachers. These career paths match Public Impact's school models that use job redesign and technology to extend the reach of excellent teachers to more students, for more pay, within budget. Most of these school models create new…

  19. Career Path Processes as Perceived by African American Female School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leathers, Sonja

    2011-01-01

    This study sought to improve our understanding of factors that influence the career paths of African American female school principals in North Carolina. Three pertinent research questions were addressed in this study: (1) What formative experiences influence the career path decisions of African American females who want to become school…

  20. Teacher Pay and Career Paths in an Opportunity Culture: A Practical Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassel, Emily Ayscue; Holly, Christen; Locke, Gillian

    2014-01-01

    To help all students reach their potential, district leaders must ensure that every student has consistent access to excellent teaching. Opportunity Culture compensation and career path structures help make that possible, and this guide shows how. "Teacher Pay and Career Paths in an Opportunity Culture: A Practical Policy Guide" shows…

  1. Teacher Pay and Career Paths in an Opportunity Culture: A Practical Policy Guide--Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassel, Emily Ayscue; Holly, Christen; Locke, Gillian

    2014-01-01

    To help all students reach their potential, district leaders must ensure that every student has consistent access to excellent teaching. Opportunity Culture compensation and career path structures help make that possible, and this guide shows how. "Teacher Pay and Career Paths in an Opportunity Culture: A Practical Policy Guide" shows…

  2. An Exploration of Senior Student Affairs Officers' Career and Life Paths

    OpenAIRE

    Stimpson, Racheal Lee

    2009-01-01

    An Exploration of Senior Student Affairs Officersâ Career and Life Paths Racheal L. Stimpson Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the career and life paths of male and female Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs). The study used Superâ s components of Work Salience and Career maturity to examine gender differences and commonalities of individuals in their climb to a SSAO position. Specifically, the study examined the role of family and personal life and the intersec...

  3. Assimilation, Choice, or Constraint? Testing Theories of Gender Differences in the Careers of Lawyers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Kathleen E.; Nelson, Robert L.

    2000-01-01

    Gender is strongly related to career outcomes among Chicago lawyers. Men and women begin their careers in difference practice contexts, and the differences grow over time. Individual preferences do not fully account for the gender gap. Law school prestige and class rank influence career paths but do not explain the gender gap. (Contains 85…

  4. Career paths of academic administrators in Alberta colleges: travelling the highway or fording a stream?

    OpenAIRE

    Goates, Robin Christine

    2007-01-01

    Over the next several years it is assumed that there will be a large turnover in academic administrators in the Alberta public college system with many current administrators reaching retirement age. Looking at career paths of current academic administrators may help better prepare future academic administrators. The research questions this study asks are what are the career paths of current academic administrators in Alberta public colleges, and how can these paths inform us about preparing ...

  5. Nursing as career choice: perceptions of Turkish nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Başkale, Hatice; Serçekuş, Pınar

    2015-01-01

    Students' perceptions of nursing influence their choice of nursing as a career and whether they remain in the profession. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of entry-level male and female nursing students and the reasons for choosing nursing as a career. A qualitative approach was used by focus group interviews with 31 nursing students, and socio-demographic data were collected by questionnaire. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse the data, and findings were grouped into categories and themes. The first category was 'choosing', which included the themes of 'desire to help', 'satisfactory income, and guaranteed employment', 'influence of family and friends' and 'being in a health-related profession'. The second category was 'others' reactions, which included the single theme 'response'. The third category was 'the image of nursing' which included the themes of 'job description' and 'gender'. The study concluded that although a growing amount of male students are enrolling in nursing programs, stereotypical ideas persist, and nursing is considered a female-dominated profession. There is further need to track student experiences during or after clinical practice and explore whether students' perceptions change over time. PMID:26073696

  6. Factors Affecting Career Choice among Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Larissa; Pellowski, Mark W.

    2016-01-01

    This investigation assessed the factors affecting career choice among 474 current undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology students (from four universities). A 14-item questionnaire was developed that included questions related to general influence of career choice and whether or not the participants had previously been,…

  7. MD/MBA Students: An Analysis of Medical Student Career Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Sherrill, Windsor Westbrook

    2009-01-01

    Background: An increasing number of medical schools are offering dual degree MD/MBA programs. Career choices and factors influencing students to enter these programs provide an indicator of the roles in which dual degree students will serve in health care as well as the future of dual degree programs. Purpose: Using career choice theory as a conceptual framework, career goals and factors influencing decisions to enter dual degree programs were assessed among dual degree medical students. Me...

  8. Do teaching faculty resources affect the choice of medical career?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, Francis; Gehanno, Jean-François; Ladner, Joel; Benichou, Jacques

    2006-12-01

    The faculty to student (F/S) ratio is a key criterion in ranking medical universities. In France, the registration of students at the medical university in their home region is mandatory. At the end of undergraduate studies, students have to take the National Ranking Exam (NRE), and choice of specialty is based on their rank. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between teaching faculty resources in medical universities and the ranking of students on the NRE. All 32 public medical universities with a complete curriculum were included. Correlation of the 2003-2004 F/S ratio with the mean rank of students at the 2004 NRE was assessed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient [r(s)]. The overall university F/S ratios ranged from 1.16 to 2.62 overall, and from 0.68 to 1.63 and 0.47 to 1.08 for tenured and non-tenured positions, respectively. All were significantly correlated with mean rank at the NRE (r(s) = -0.53, r(s) = -0.50, r(s) = -0.52, respectively, all p students' performance has consequences in the competition for career choice, large disparities among medical universities are not legitimate in a regulated model. Deregulation of regional applications should be considered to come close to equality of opportunity. PMID:17594587

  9. The Winding Path: Understanding the Career Cycle of Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, Susan K.

    2002-01-01

    Presents a career cycle for teachers, including the variables of enthusiasm, interactive teaching skills, attitudes towards students and teaching, and attitudes toward the teaching profession. Discusses the model's eight stages: preservice, induction, competency building, enthusiasm and growth, career frustration, career stability, career…

  10. Meeting the Curriculum Needs for Different Career Paths in Laboratory Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Brian R

    2008-01-01

    There are a number of career paths in Laboratory Medicine and several clinical practice models for the discipline. This article summarizes the state of current training at the medical student and residency/post-graduate levels, emphasizing practice in the U.S., and the challenges of education in the discipline to meet the needs of diverse career paths. Data regarding effectiveness of current pedagogical Approaches are discussed along with a brief review of evolving didactic methodologies. The...

  11. Project CHOICE: #170. A Career Education Unit for Grades 1 and 2. We Work with Animals. (Agriculture and Ecological Studies Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit on working with animals is part of the Agriculture and Biological Studies Career Cluster included in a series of career guidebooks developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education). The units are designed to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking first and second…

  12. NURSING AS A CAREER: First year Students’ perception of and the reasons for their choice of Nursing as a career.

    OpenAIRE

    Mkala, Betty

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to provide information for the school authorities to be able to improve on the nursing degree program. This was done by finding out the perception of nursing career for the first year nursing students in the international program in JAMK University of Applied sciences and getting to know what influenced their choices of the nursing career. The research was carried out using qualitative research method where closed and open-ended questions were used in data colle...

  13. Human Resource Management Careers: Different Paths for Men and Women?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackah, Carol; Heaton, Norma

    2003-01-01

    Responses from individuals with postgraduate human resource management qualifications (n=52, 60% women, 40% men) indicated that men received more internal promotions, women sought career advancement externally and received lower salaries. Women were much more likely to perceive career barriers such as lack of role models or self-confidence.…

  14. Intellectually Gifted Individuals' Career Choices and Work Satisfaction: A Descriptive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, Roland S.

    2009-01-01

    This study set out to investigate which career path a group of intellectually gifted individuals chose, if any. How did they actually like their work, and what were the reasons for satisfaction or dissatisfaction with their chosen career? In all, 287 Mensa members (216 men and 71 women) constituted the research group. Their average age was 34.4…

  15. Content and Choices: An Exploration of Career Goals in Undergraduate Engineering Students

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Philip Reid

    2016-01-01

    The careers that students pursue after graduating from engineering programs are a central component to engineering education. However, we lack perspective on how students, the main stakeholder of the engineering education system, describe the goals they have for their post-graduation careers and make choices related to those goals. As a first step in closing this gap, I explored the different types of career goals that students have, investigated how students connect different types of goals ...

  16. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A CAREER CHOICE. THE EMPIRICAL PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Piotr Tomski

    2014-01-01

    The importance of entrepreneurial career is incontrovertible. Its relevance arises from a wide spectrum of reasons. The most important one is entrepreneurship itself and its vital role in every economy. the aim of this paper is to analyze students' attitudes concerning entrepreneurial career and also to give an overview of main stimulators for starting entrepreneurial career in the perception of students of management courses. This particular group of respondents is exposed to the theory of e...

  17. Underneath It All: Gender Role Identification and Women Chemists' Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grunert, Megan L.; Bodner, George M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes results from a study on the career choices of women earning doctorates in chemistry in the United States. Presented here are findings related to the participants' identification with traditional female gender roles and expectations for behavior in the male-dominated field of chemistry. Underlying a career decision-making model…

  18. Teaching Teachers about Supply Chain Management to Influence Students' Career and Education Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Leslie L.

    2013-01-01

    Since teachers are influential in high school students' career choices, enabling high school teachers to introduce educational and career opportunities in supply chain management is a viable strategy for reaching high school students about these opportunities. This article presents a pilot program of supply chain workshops to educate high school…

  19. Perceived Influences on the Career Choices of Children and Youth: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Kimberly A. S.; Flanagan, Sean; Castine, Eleanor; Walsh, Mary E.

    2015-01-01

    Children's understanding of factors influencing their career choices was examined. Seventy-two children, in grades kindergarten, 4, and 8, responded to questions about their perceptions of career influences. Responses were coded to capture the nature of the influences identified, including the global versus specific and linear versus interacting…

  20. Perception of 1 st year medical students towards career choices and specialty of psychiatry

    OpenAIRE

    Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya; Raval, Chintan M.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Shortage of psychiatrists is a worldwide phenomenon. If the factors that attract or repel students towards a specialty can be identified, it may be possible to encourage them towards it. Choice of specialty as a career depends on the complex interplay of experiences before, during or after exposure to the specialty. Objectives: The aim was to understand perceptions of 1 st year medical students regarding career choices and the specialty of psychiatry through a cross-sectional ...

  1. The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path

    Science.gov (United States)

    ZAHED ZAHEDANI, ZAHRA; REZAEE, RITA; YAZDANI, ZAHRA; BAGHERI, SINA; NABEIEI, PARISA

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.     Methods This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample. Baumrind’s Parenting Style and Moqimi’s Career Path questionnaires were used and the obtained scores were correlated with the students' transcripts. To study the relation between variables Pearson correlation coefficient was used. Results There was a significant relationship between authoritarian parenting style and educational success (p=0.03). Also findings showed a significant relationship between firm parenting style and Career Path of the students, authoritarian parenting style and Career Path of the students, educational success and Career Path of the students (p=0.001). Conclusion Parents have an important role in identifying children’s talent and guiding them. Mutual understanding and close relationship between parents and children are recommended. Therefore, it is recommended that the methods of correct interaction of parents and children be more valued and parents familiarize their children with roles of businesses in society and the need for employment in legitimate businesses and this important affair should be more emphasized through mass media and family training classes. PMID:27382580

  2. The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZAHRA ZAHED ZAHEDANI

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample. Baumrind’s Parenting Style and Moqimi’s Career Path questionnaires were used and the obtained scores were correlated with the students’ transcripts. To study the relation between variables Pearson correlation coefficient was used. Results: There was a significant relationship between authoritarian parenting style and educational success (p=0.03. Also findings showed a significant relationship between firm parenting style and Career Path of the students, authoritarian parenting style and Career Path of the students, educational success and Career Path of the students (p=0.001. Conclusion: Parents have an important role in identifying children’s talent and guiding them. Mutual understanding and close relationship between parents and children are recommended. Therefore, it is recommended that the methods of correct interaction of parents and children be more valued and parents familiarize their children with roles of businesses in society and the need for employment in legitimate businesses and this important affair should be more emphasized through mass media and family training classes.

  3. Future directions for career choice research in nursing: a discussion paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Sheri

    2009-02-01

    The last few decades have seen considerable changes in the characteristics of the healthcare workplace and workforce. There is a significant emphasis on recruitment and retention of healthcare providers internationally especially within the profession of Nursing, where there is a critical and growing shortage of nurses. Career choice is a critical component of recruitment and retention strategies and has significant organizational implications in regards to person-environment fit, career satisfaction and commitment. Many extant career choice theories fail to capture the challenges, complexities and uncertainties of the 21st century. Moreover, some early theories do not recognize the unique characteristics of upcoming generational cohorts and the multivariate influences on their career decisions. An extensive review and synthesis of the related literature provide the basis for a critical discussion on the adoption of new methodological approaches to exploring career choice in Nursing. The use of qualitative and mixed method approaches, a focus on generational differences and an exploration of adaptive and adjustment processes to career change provide a foundation for future career choice research and theoretical development which are reflective of the characteristics of the contemporary employee and the reality of modern healthcare organizations. PMID:18775535

  4. Project CHOICE: #111. A Career Education Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Introduction to Dairy Occupations. (Agriculture and Ecological Studies Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Introduction to Dairy Occupations, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the…

  5. Project CHOICE: #111-A. A Career Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Introduction to Fishing. (Agriculture and Ecological Studies Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Introduction to Fishing, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the Agriculture and…

  6. ICT Definition Implication on ICT Career Choice and Exclusion among Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchiri Michael Njoki

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available ICT is driving all areas of the economy and is likely to dictate the future for all genders. The narrow definition of ICT has greatly impacted on the female gender choosing ICT as a career of choice. There are few women in the ICT careers. The study sought to determine the nature of ICT career gender exclusion, status and trend of ICT job opportunities, source of ICT gender career exclusion and the contribution of the narrow definition to the exclusion. A mixed method of survey and desktop method was employed in this study. A structured questionnaire was used in this study in order to identify the factors that influence ICT career choice amongst Kenyan lady students. A purposive sample of Information Technology and Computer Science undergraduate university students (77 females, 56 males; age range 17 to 35 years and 10 postgraduate students in Information Technology from two public universities participated in the study. The paper discusses the emerging unfilled ICT jobs. The study established that the narrow definition negatively influences ICT as a career of Choice among girls. Broadening ICT definition to include ICT related careers that have more social rather than technical aspect accordingly is likely to influence more women to join the field.

  7. Differences in medical students’ academic interest and performance across career choice motivations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyong-Jee; Hwang, Jee Y.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To investigate medical students’ career choice motivation and its relationship with their academic interest and performance. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in a sample (n=207) of medical students at a private medical school in Korea, stratified by year of medical course. Data about participant demographics, career choice motivation and academic interest were collected using a self-report questionnaire. The item on career choice motivation enquired about the respondents’ main reason for applying for medical school among 8 possible response options, which comprised two components of career choice motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic. The participants’ levels of academic interest were measured in a Likert-type question. Participants’ academic interest and Grade Point Averages (GPAs) were compared across the groups of different career motivations along with analyses of their admission scores for baseline comparisons. Results A total of 195 students completed the questionnaire (94%response rate). Seventy-four percent, (n=145; the intrinsic group) of the participants chose reasons related to intrinsic motivation, 22% (n=42; the extrinsic group) chose reasons pertaining to extrinsic motivation, and 4% (n = 8) chose other reasons for applying to medical school. The intrinsic group outperformed the extrinsic group in their GPAs, although their prior academic achievements did not differ significantly. The intrinsic group showed significantly higher levels of academic interest and also performed better in the admission interviews. Conclusions Our study illustrates differences in medical students’ academic interest and performance across career choice motivations. Further research is warranted to establish the predictive power of medical students’ career choice motivation and academic interest on their academic performance. PMID:26878567

  8. Basic professional education and permanent improvement – career development paths

    OpenAIRE

    Sofijanova, Elenica; Marjanova Jovanov, Tamara; Davcev, Ljupco

    2014-01-01

    The ongoing turbulent changes in the environment and the imposed requirements for personal development of the employees, create a need of focus and in fact, insist on discovering the main individual goals and the needed activities of the employees for the achievement of their career goals. The basic professional education is concerned with the formal degree ofqualificationsforcertaineducational profile. The permanent improvement in all of the employees is actuall...

  9. Swiss residents' speciality choices – impact of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Thomas

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The medical specialities chosen by doctors for their careers play an important part in the development of health-care services. This study aimed to investigate the influence of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goal aspirations on the choice of medical speciality. Methods As part of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates on career development, 522 fourth-year residents were asked in what speciality they wanted to qualify. They also assessed their career motivation and life goal aspirations. Data concerning personality traits such as sense of coherence, self-esteem, and gender role orientation were collected at the first assessment, four years earlier, in their final year of medical school. Data analyses were conducted by univariate and multivariate analyses of variance and covariance. Results In their fourth year of residency 439 (84.1% participants had made their speciality choice. Of these, 45 (8.6% subjects aspired to primary care, 126 (24.1% to internal medicine, 68 (13.0% to surgical specialities, 31 (5.9% to gynaecology & obstetrics (G&O, 40 (7.7% to anaesthesiology/intensive care, 44 (8.4% to paediatrics, 25 (4.8% to psychiatry and 60 (11.5% to other specialities. Female residents tended to choose G&O, paediatrics, and anaesthesiology, males more often surgical specialities; the other specialities did not show gender-relevant differences of frequency distribution. Gender had the strongest significant influence on speciality choice, followed by career motivation, personality traits, and life goals. Multivariate analyses of covariance indicated that career motivation and life goals mediated the influence of personality on career choice. Personality traits were no longer significant after controlling for career motivation and life goals as covariates. The effect of gender remained significant after controlling for personality traits, career motivation and life goals. Conclusion

  10. What Are Faculty Advisors To Do When Their Own Career Path Does Not Satisfy Their Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McManus, D. A.

    2001-12-01

    As graduate students seek advice on broad career options, many faculty advisors do not know what to do. It is easy for them to do nothing. They may do nothing because they assume that their own students are interested only in an academic research career like theirs. The mistake here can be that the advisors' verbal and non-verbal communication deters students from mentioning their interests in the first place or pursuing those interests, if mentioned. Or advisors may do nothing by assuming that it is not their responsibility to advise students about career options other than being an academic researcher. The advisors' lack of knowledge about other careers may lead them to avoid the issue. The mistake here is obvious. So what are advisors to do? They can encourage students to think of their graduate study as part of their career preparation, not just a task to obtain a research degree. Creating a risk-free environment for career discussion will enable faculty advisors to learn each student's career priorities and validate exploration of broad career options. Advisors should not feel inadequate by being unable to advise about everything. No one expects them to. They can encourage their students to meet together, on their own if necessary, to discuss common career concerns, even to invite speakers, including alums, to talk about different careers and the preparation required. They can encourage their students to seek additional mentors, people more knowledgeable about careers of interest to the students. They can encourage students to take courses for career preparation, particularly courses outside of science, even though these courses "take them away from their research." And advisors should not hold students at fault if they change their minds about career paths. More information often changes minds. These are a few of the many things that advisors can do. It is essential that faculty advisors not resent students' decisions to follow a career path different from

  11. Factors influencing career choice after initial training in surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, Seamus

    2011-03-01

    Irish general surgery faces a recruitment crisis with only 87 of 145 (60%) basic surgical training (BST) places filled in 2009. We assessed basic surgical trainees to identify objective, and potentially modifiable, factors that influence ultimate recruitment into a general surgical career.

  12. Recursos de Trabajo: Informacion sobre Carreras (Occupational Resources: Career Information). CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

    Part of a two-level career education curriculum initially developed for migrant children, the book is the first of three secondary level texts designed to provide high school students with self-awareness, job and role information, and decision-making/goal attaining information related to career education. The text provides job and role information…

  13. Curricular Influences on Female Afterschool Facilitators' Computer Science Interests and Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Melissa; Gorges, Torie

    2016-07-01

    Underrepresented populations such as women, African-Americans, and Latinos/as often come to STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) careers by less traditional paths than White and Asian males. To better understand how and why women might shift toward STEM, particularly computer science, careers, we investigated the education and career direction of afterschool facilitators, primarily women of color in their twenties and thirties, who taught Build IT, an afterschool computer science curriculum for middle school girls. Many of these women indicated that implementing Build IT had influenced their own interest in technology and computer science and in some cases had resulted in their intent to pursue technology and computer science education. We wanted to explore the role that teaching Build IT may have played in activating or reactivating interest in careers in computer science and to see whether in the years following implementation of Build IT, these women pursued STEM education and/or careers. We reached nine facilitators who implemented the program in 2011-12 or shortly after. Many indicated that while facilitating Build IT, they learned along with the participants, increasing their interest in and confidence with technology and computer science. Seven of the nine participants pursued further STEM or computer science learning or modified their career paths to include more of a STEM or computer science focus. Through interviews, we explored what aspects of Build IT influenced these facilitators' interest and confidence in STEM and when relevant their pursuit of technology and computer science education and careers.

  14. Career Choices in Information and Communication Technology among South Western Nigerian Women

    OpenAIRE

    Bolanle Adefowoke Ojokoh; Oladele Stephen Adeola; Folasade Olubusola Isinkaye; Chon Abraham

    2014-01-01

    This study is designed to discover the key factors for the under-representation and lack of career progression or otherwise of women in the ICT field, specifically in South Western Nigeria. Questionnaires were administered to women (i.e., students, lecturers and other staff) studying or working in selected higher institutions. The results show that 90% of the women studied are self-motivated in their choice of the ICT career with very little external incentivizing or encouragement supporting ...

  15. Redesigning Schools to Reach Every Student with Excellent Teachers: Summary of Teacher Career Paths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Impact, 2012

    2012-01-01

    These career paths match Public Impact's school models that use job redesign and technology to extend the reach of excellent teachers to more students, for more pay, within budget. Most models create new roles and teams enabling all teachers and staff to develop and contribute to excellence. In "reach-extended roles," excellent teachers take…

  16. Social Cognitive Career Theory, Conscientiousness, and Work Performance: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Steven D.; Lent, Robert W.; Telander, Kyle; Tramayne, Selena

    2011-01-01

    We performed a meta-analytic path analysis of an abbreviated version of social cognitive career theory's (SCCT) model of work performance (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994). The model we tested included the central cognitive predictors of performance (ability, self-efficacy, performance goals), with the exception of outcome expectations. Results…

  17. The Bands Culture in Victoria, Australia: Live Music Benefits Career Paths, Employment and Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Amanda; Forrest, David

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the career paths, employment, business opportunities and community contributions made available through the provision and development of the contemporary performance bands' culture in the State of Victoria. It is framed with the support given to live music performers by Arts Victoria, Small Business Victoria and Music Victoria.…

  18. A Multicultural Analysis of Factors Influencing Career Choice for Women in the Information Technology Workforce

    OpenAIRE

    Eileen M. Trauth; Jeria L. Quesenberry; Haijan Huang

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of cultural factors influencing the career choices of women in the IT workforce. The authors employ individual differences theory of gender and IT as a theoretical lens to analyze a qualitative data set of interviews with 200 women in four different countries. The themes that emerged from this analysis speak to the influence of cultural attitudes about maternity, childcare, parental care, and working outside the home on a woman’s choice of an IT career. In ...

  19. The Effect of a Career Choice Guidance on Self-reported Psychological Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Saskia eKunnen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigated whether a successful career choice intervention reduces psychological problems, and whether this program was equally effective in participants with low and with high levels of psychological problems. Participants were 45 Dutch students (age 17-24 with career choice problems. They had above average levels of psychological problems before the start of the intervention. These problems decreased significantly following the intervention. With regard to vocational commitment development, the intervention was equally effective for participants with low or average and with (very high levels of psychological problems before the start of the intervention.

  20. Women Using Physics: Alternate Career Paths, The Private Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tams, Jessica

    2006-12-01

    For those who have spent their careers inside the safe walls of academia, the word is a little scary. Can I compete? Will I fit in? What do I need to know? Am I prepared? Will I succeed? While many would say: Yes! You are ready to excel! This isn’t actually the case. The private sector comes with many unanticipated shocks to many of us, especially women. This isn’t a group project. This session will discuss entering a quickly growing and competitive technical field and what one can do to prepare for continued success. Preparing and Entering the Private Sector * Women with technical skills are a desired part of the private workforcein general women posses stronger people skills, are more reliable and often more well rounded than their male counterparts. Key factors we will discuss to landing that first job: · Expand your knowledge base with current applications of technology · Preparing a solid employment pitch to highlight strengths: Overcoming stereotypes · Don’t show them your bad side: Why some student projects may hurt you · The private sector attitude toward performance and entry level expectations Excelling in the Private Sector * Now that we have landed a job * for better or worse we are now all about making money and exerting control. What to keep in mind while working in the private sector: · The formative first years: focus on your weaknesses and practice, practice, practice · Men & Women in the workplace: what women subconsciously do to hurt their careers · Politics: Working in a team environment · Polish & Detail & Reliabilit

  1. Implications of the Theory of Successful Intelligence for Career Choice and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2003-01-01

    Successful intelligence is the ability to attain life goals by adapting to, shaping, and selecting environments and recognizing and dealing with strengths and weaknesses. Research on the measurement of analytical, creative, and practical abilities validates the theory and the usefulness of triarchic instruction in finding a career path. (Contains …

  2. Risk-taking path choice behaviors under ATIS in transportation networks with demand uncertainty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A new travel time reliability-based traffic assignment model is proposed to investigate the effects of an advanced transportation information system (ATIS) on drivers' risk-taking path choice behaviours in transportation networks with demand uncertainty. In the model, drivers are divided into two classes. The first class is not equipped with ATIS, while the second class is equipped with ATIS. Different risk-taking path choice behaviours of the two classes are studied, respectively. A corresponding mixed equ...

  3. Career Anchors and Career Paths: A Panel Study of Management School Graduates. Technical Report No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schein, Edgar H.

    The first of a series, this report describes a 10-year followup study of a sample of 44 graduates of the Sloan School of Management, analyzing the interaction of personal values and career events in the lives of managers in organizations. All 44 participants were located, interviewed, and given the same attitude surveys as in the early 1960's.…

  4. The career paths of mathematics and science teachers in high need schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchhoff, Allison Lynette

    High-poverty schools typically have higher levels of attrition than other schools, particularly in mathematics and science. Financial incentives have often been used to attract teachers to high need schools and subjects. Despite extensive investments in these incentives and extensive research regarding recruitment and retention, little is known about how these areas interact with one another over teachers' careers. The purpose of this study is to address the lack of integration of these areas by investigating the career paths of 38 Noyce scholars. Acceptance of the Noyce funding requires teaching in high-need schools for two years. Grounded theory methodology was guided by the research question: What are Noyce scholars' reasons for the decisions made on the career path of becoming and remaining teachers in high need schools? Analysis resulted in an explanatory model of the "pathway to retention in high need schools." The model indicates that the career paths of teachers in high need schools are complex and interactive. Interactions among the reasons the scholars chose to enter teaching, their school setting, community, teacher education and the Noyce funding appear to play a role in their eventual satisfaction and retention. The study has implications for the recruitment and retention of teachers in high need schools.

  5. Influences on Women’s Choices of Careers in Construction: A South African Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolosa Madikizela

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available  This paper analyses the factors influencing the choices of careers in construction by South African women. The literature on challenges which influence women‟s choices of careers in construction was reviewed and questionnaires were conducted with multiple samples, including construction organisations, construction students and professional women working in construction. The study found that women have a role to play in the construction industry and that they can build successful careers within the sector. However, it was not easy given the various barriers to entry such as gender-based discrimination against them, the harsh work environment of the construction site, the lack of sufficient knowledge about the industry itself and the shortage of successful women in construction as role models. There was evidence of discrimination and sexual harassment. All these factors impacted negatively on the choices of careers in construction by South African women. This study makes a contribution to our understanding of the factors that have marginalised women in a male dominated industry and provides some indication of approaches to attract more women into the sector. It is hoped that it will stimulate debate about how the low representation of women in construction can be addressed and how construction careers for women can be promoted and encouraged and that the resource pool will be enlarged given the prevalent acute skills shortage in the industry.  

  6. Influences on Women’s Choices of Careers in Construction: A South African Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theo Haupt

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available  This paper analyses the factors influencing the choices of careers in construction by South African women. The literature on challenges which influence women‟s choices of careers in construction was reviewed and questionnaires were conducted with multiple samples, including construction organisations, construction students and professional women working in construction. The study found that women have a role to play in the construction industry and that they can build successful careers within the sector. However, it was not easy given the various barriers to entry such as gender-based discrimination against them, the harsh work environment of the construction site, the lack of sufficient knowledge about the industry itself and the shortage of successful women in construction as role models. There was evidence of discrimination and sexual harassment. All these factors impacted negatively on the choices of careers in construction by South African women. This study makes a contribution to our understanding of the factors that have marginalised women in a male dominated industry and provides some indication of approaches to attract more women into the sector. It is hoped that it will stimulate debate about how the low representation of women in construction can be addressed and how construction careers for women can be promoted and encouraged and that the resource pool will be enlarged given the prevalent acute skills shortage in the industry.

  7. A Personal Value-Based Model of College Students' Aptitudes and Expected Choice Behavior Regarding Retailing Careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Soyeon; Warrington, Patti; Goldsberry, Ellen

    1999-01-01

    A study of 754 retail management students developed a value-based model of career attitude and expected choice behavior. Findings indicate that personal values had an influence on all aspects of retail career attitudes, which then had a direct effect on expected choice behavior. (Contains 55 references.) (Author/JOW)

  8. Organizational Culture, Performance and Career Choices of Ph.D.s: A Case Study of Dutch Medical Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Weijden, Inge; de Gilder, Dick; Groenewegen, Peter; Geerling, Maaike

    2008-01-01

    Increasing demands for accountability and applicability raise the question of how organizational factors affect researchers' performance and career choices. In a study of Dutch medical Ph.D. student's experiences, organizational culture and climate and attitudes towards research quality are related to performance and career choices. Ph.D.s who…

  9. Career Choices: A Comparison of Two Occupational Therapy Practice Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Seanne; Rosenthal, Carolyn

    2001-01-01

    Comparison of 20 occupational therapists in gerontology with 20 in pediatrics found that societal and personal values, opportunity structures, attitudes and beliefs, experiences, and the context of work influenced choice of practice setting. Academic and clinical experiences were very influential for those in pediatrics. Those in gerontology felt…

  10. Nuclear engineering career path - Past, present and future in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Today's nuclear workforce is growing older. The nuclear industry is at a turning point, mainly when we try to evaluate future needs. The paper tries to explore what is the present status of nuclear engineering career in Europe and which are the future trends. Today's students are either unaware of, or indifferent to, nuclear power. But it is not their fault - after all, an entire generation has grown to adulthood since the Three Miles Island and Chernobyl accidents. If their parents' views about nuclear power have been changed after these unhappy accidents, today's teens appear to be almost ambivalent toward it. What could be done to attract younger to the nuclear field in Europe? Probably the main key is in education and even more in a positive image-making of nuclear industry. Creation of more possibilities for gaining work experience and an improvement of economical situation and successful completion of reforms in the industry could attract young people. Political viewpoint is very important, if we consider that people in general thinks that nuclear will be phased out within a short future. A good advertising about job opportunities to come is another factor that plays a role in information of young generation. The paper provides information about university programmes in nuclear engineering in European countries. (authors)

  11. Factors influencing surgical career choices and advancement in Ireland and Britain.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Corrigan, Mark A

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the advancement and the career choices of doctors and medical students. METHODS: Using the combined databases of the iformix and surgent websites, 450 doctors and medical students were invited to complete an internet-based survey. Surgent (http:\\/\\/www.surgent.ie) and iformix (http:\\/\\/www.iformix.com) are two free internet services administered by the authors. Surgent is a medical educational website, while iformix facilitates the online submission of abstracts to surgical and medical conferences across Britain and Ireland. The combined database of these two websites is approximately 4500 entries. Four hundred and fifty users represented a 10% sample based on an expected 40%-45% response rate. This was anticipated to yield between 180 and 202 respondents, statistically sufficient to analyze the data. A detailed Likert scale assessed the importance of "academic," "clinical," and "lifestyle" factors in determining career choice and progression. Analysis included descriptive statistics and inferential testing. RESULTS: Fifty percent (N = 222) of surveys were returned; 142 men and 78 women. Thirty-seven percent of respondents were Irish, 28% British, and 35% non-European. Fifteen percent were undergraduates, 4% interns, 12% had 2-4 years of clinical experience, while 69% had completed more than 4 years. Fifty-six percent had decided upon a career in general surgery. Overall, the most important factors for career choice were intellectual challenge (95%), academic opportunities (61%), and research opportunities(54%). Doctors with more than 4 years of experience deemed duration of training (p = 0.002), lifestyle during training (p = 0.02), and stress (0.005) as less important factors when considering career choice. Correlation analyses demonstrated that prestige (p = 0.002), patient relationships (p = 0.006), and advice from friends or family (p = 0.01) were more important influencing factors

  12. College student perceptions of science teachers and the effect on science teaching as a career path

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cost, Michael George

    2000-10-01

    Past research documented that student perceptions of scientists constituted a stereotypical image that had a negative effect on the students' attitudes towards science and resulted in low numbers of students studying to become scientists and engineers in college. The present study paralleled the research on student perceptions of scientists to investigate to what extent student perceptions of science teachers affect their willingness to consider science teaching as a career. This was accomplished by surveying 91 college students and 25 science teachers at the beginning, middle, and end of the collegiate career path of becoming a science teacher. Each survey contained quantitative data utilizing seven-point semantic differential scales and written open response questions. In-depth interviews with two members of each level were conducted to supplement the survey data. The study found that college students begin college with a positive perception of teaching as a career and highly rank teachers, especially science teachers, as having a positive influence on their career path. The qualities of job enjoyment, job stability, and helping others that are characteristic of teaching were also found to be of high importance. Perceptions of the personal, social, professional, and career qualities of a science teacher were found to differ from a scientist. While both science teachers and scientists were found to be responsible, persistent, and productive, science teachers were perceived as being a distinct career possessing qualities that make them more personable, sociable, and wise than scientists. Some gender differences were detected but there was no evidence of gender bias affecting students choosing a career path to science teaching. Science teachers were perceived to be very supportive of females pursuing scientific career paths. The study also found evidence that some introductory level college students steer away from science teaching because of low salary, the lack of

  13. Factors Affecting Career Choice: Comparison between Students from Computer and Other Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, P. M.; Holmner, M.; Lotriet, H. H.; Matthee, M. C.; Pieterse, H. V.; Naidoo, S.; Twinomurinzi, H.; Jordaan, D.

    2011-01-01

    The number of student enrolments in computer-related courses remains a serious concern worldwide with far reaching consequences. This paper reports on an extensive survey about career choice and associated motivational factors amongst new students, only some of whom intend to major in computer-related courses, at two South African universities.…

  14. Demographic Characteristics of Ghanaian Optometry Students and Factors Influencing Their Career Choice and Institution of Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boadi-Kusi, Samuel Bert; Kyei, Samuel; Mashige, Khathutshelo Percy; Abu, Emmanuel Kwasi; Antwi-Boasiako, Daniel; Halladay, Abraham Carl

    2015-01-01

    Optometry is only provided at tertiary level in two institutions in Ghana, with an average of 50 students graduating each year for a population of approximately 24.6 million. No information on the demography of optometry students and factors that influence their choice of optometry as a career and institution of learning is available. This…

  15. The Role of Culture and Gender in the Choice of a Career in Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malach-Pines, Ayala; Kaspi-Baruch, Oshrit

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The paper addresses the influence of culture and gender on the choice of a management career among men and women MBA students in Israel, the USA, the UK, Turkey, Cyprus, Hungary and India. The culture by gender comparison enabled an examination of five theories: two that focused on culture (Hofstede's and an application of Schneider's ASA…

  16. Predicting Burnout and Career Choice Satisfaction in Counseling Psychology Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Heddy Kovach; Murdock, Nancy L.; Koetting, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    Counseling psychology doctoral students (N = 284) from 53 training programs throughout the United States anonymously completed online measures of burnout, career choice satisfaction, global stress, role conflict, social support (from family/friends, advisors, other students) and psychological sense of community (SOC) in the doctoral program. Two…

  17. Personal Choices, Personal Power. Career Survival Kit for Teen Education and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, A. Frances

    This workbook is one component of the Career Survival Kit prepared for teenage parents in Wisconsin. The workbook is designed to help teen parents identify their choices in preventing another pregnancy. It presents some thoughts about sexual decisions and responsibility. Birth control methods are described to help teens decide the best method for…

  18. Vocational education and training (VET) as a career path for young people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kersh, Natasha; Juul, Ida

    This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the issues of perceptions and motivations of young people towards Vocational Education and Training (VET) in England and Denmark. It specifically focuses on factors that facilitate their either positive or negative attitudes. Complex...... interdependencies between the labour market, young people’s occupational choices, and career routes have been a focus of policy concern, discussions and research across European countries. VET, as a pathway for young people to a career, has been and continues to be open to wide interpretation and debate. The...

  19. Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: a précis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorhoeve, Alex; Ottersen, Trygve; Norheim, Ole F

    2016-01-01

    We outline key conclusions of the World Health Organisation's report 'Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage (UHC)'. The Report argues that three principles should inform choices on the path to UHC: I. Coverage should be based on need, with extra weight given to the needs of the worse off; II. One aim should be to generate the greatest total improvement in health; III. Contributions should be based on ability to pay and not need. We describe how these principles determine which trade-offs are (un)acceptable. We also discuss which institutions contribute to fair and accountable choices. PMID:25666865

  20. Factors associated with the choice of general medicine as a career among Japanese medical students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawamoto, Ryuichi; Ninomiya, Daisuke; Kasai, Yoshihisa; Kusunoki, Tomo; Ohtsuka, Nobuyuki; Kumagi, Teru; Abe, Masanori

    2016-01-01

    Background In Japan, there is a shortage of young physicians in various specialties; the present situation of general medicine or family medicine (GM/FM) in particular is risky. The factors influencing the career choice of Japanese medical students are poorly understood. This study aims to identify factors related to choosing GM/FM as a career. Methods The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. Students at one medical school in Japan filled out a questionnaire. Students were asked to state their intended medical specialty, and they rated the importance of specific individual and occupational aspects using a 4-point likert scale. Factor analysis was performed on the variables. Reliability of the factor scores was estimated using Cronbach‘s alpha coefficients; biserial correlations between the factors and career choices were calculated. Furthermore, multiple linear regression analysis was performed using career choice (GM/FM vs. others) as the criterion variable and the factors plus demographic characteristics as confounding variables. Results Factor analysis produced six factors that explained future career plans. Medical students in this study had a positive and realistic idea about GM/FM, but only 18.8% of them chose GM/FM first as a career. The significant variables associated with choosing GM/FM first as a career were: ‘Admission from hometown’ (β=0.189, P=0.001), ‘Student preparing for the entrance exam’ (β=0.172; P=0.001), ‘Intent for rural practice’ (β=0.123, P=0.016), and ‘Work–life balance’ (β=0.126, P=0.013). While significant variables that were negatively associated with choosing GM/FM were ‘Presence of medical relatives’ (β=−0.107, P=0.037) and ‘Scientific orientation’ (β=−0.125, P=0.013). Conclusions Strategies have been suggested, such as recruiting medical students with significant variables that were associated with choosing GM/FM first as a career. By engaging students early in their choice of career

  1. The Choice of Comprehensive Reform Path of Business Administration Majors

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Yijun; Hou Yi; Zhang Yong

    2015-01-01

    Looking back on the development history of business administration majors in colleges of China, the author conducts an analysis on the distribution of colleges offering business administration majors and market demands for these graduates, according to the results of market survey. It finds that there is a large gap between market’s requirements on business administration graduates and their real abilities. Based on the principle of system dynamics, it is necessary to construct a path choosin...

  2. Locus of Control and Career Interest of Sophomore Accountancy Students: Basis for Employment Path

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovielyn Mañibo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This academic undertaking sought to determine the relationship between the locus of control and career interest of the respondents towards their future employment. The objectives of the study were to determine the respondents’ locus of control and career interest; to find if there is a significant relationship between the respondents’ locus of control and career interest and to develop an action plan that will gauge the students’ employment success as to their chosen field. In measuring and finding the relationship between the variables of the study, the researchers employed the quantitative method in the analysis of data using the questionnaires for locus of control (LOC and Career Cluster Interest Survey (CCIS as dominant tools. The participants chosen from this study were 74sophomore Accountancy students for Second Semester, School Year 2012 – 2013. Based from the results, most of the respondents (74 sophomore accountancy students have an external locus of control with career interest on education and training, human services, and finance. The computed rvalues indicates slight positive correlation, however, careers on government services, manufacturing , public administration, health science, human services showed significant correlation to internal (positive and external (negative locus of control. .Likewise, the Counseling and Testing Center of the university should conduct cognitive training targeting reasoning and speed of processing that can improve sense of personal control over one’s life and facilitate career orientation during the student- applicants’ admission as regards to their National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE results. With the findings of the study, a program design was created to gauge students employment path.

  3. Project CHOICE: #57. A Career Education Unit for Grades 5 and 6. Introduction to Real Estate Occupations. (Business and Office Occupations Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Introduction to Real Estate Occupations, is one in a series of curriculum guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking 5th and 6th grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. These ten lessons…

  4. MD/MBA Students: An Analysis of Medical Student Career Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windsor Westbrook Sherrill, Ph.D., MBA

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: An increasing number of medical schools are offering dual degree MD/MBA programs. Career choices and factors influencing students to enter these programs provide an indicator of the roles in which dual degree students will serve in health care as well as the future of dual degree programs. Purpose: Using career choice theory as a conceptual framework, career goals and factors influencing decisions to enter dual degree programs were assessed among dual degree medical students. Methods: Students enrolled at dual degree programs at six medical schools were surveyed and interviewed. A control group of traditional medical students was also surveyed. Results: Factors influencing students to seek both medical and business training are varied but are often related to a desire for leadership opportunities, concerns about change in medicine and job security and personal career goals. Most students expect to combine clinical and administrative roles. Conclusions: Students entering these programs do so for a variety of reasons and plan diverse careers. These findings can provide guidance for program development and recruitment for dual degree medical education programs

  5. MD/MBA Students: An Analysis of Medical Student Career Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windsor Westbrook Sherrill, Ph.D., MBA

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: An increasing number of medical schools are offering dual degree MD/MBA programs. Career choices and factors influencing students to enter these programs provide an indicator of the roles in which dual degree students will serve in health care as well as the future of dual degree programs. Purpose: Using career choice theory as a conceptual framework, career goals and factors influencing decisions to enter dual degree programs were assessed among dual degree medical students. Methods: Students enrolled at dual degree programs at six medical schools were surveyed and interviewed. A control group of traditional medical students was also surveyed. Results: Factors influencing students to seek both medical and business training are varied but are often related to a desire for leadership opportunities, concerns about change in medicine and job security and personal career goals. Most students expect to combine clinical and administrative roles. Conclusions: Students entering these programs do so for a variety of reasons and plan diverse careers. These findings can provide guidance for program development and recruitment for dual degree medical education program

  6. The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path

    OpenAIRE

    ZAHRA ZAHED ZAHEDANI; RITA REZAEE; ZAHRA YAZDANI; SINA BAGHERI; PARISA NABEIEI

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly...

  7. The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path

    OpenAIRE

    ZAHED ZAHEDANI, ZAHRA; REZAEE, RITA; Yazdani, Zahra; BAGHERI, SINA; NABEIEI, PARISA

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.     Methods This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample. Bau...

  8. The Different Paths in the Franchising Entrepreneurship Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaras, Petros; Konstantopoulos, Nikolaos; Zondiros, Dimitris

    2007-12-01

    This study aims to testify the scientific veracity of the question: is the franchisees' choice on entrepreneurial start-up univocal or many-valued? Two variables are examined by registering daily activities of the entrepreneurial franchisees, as they appear by the answers given to a closed-ended questionnaire. We proceeded with a multiple variable statistical analysis (principal component analysis) of survey data collected from franchisees of a Greece-based franchise system. The results of the research indicate that among different value standards, the entrepreneurs conclude in choosing the franchising.

  9. Defining Advancement Career Paths and Succession Plans: Critical Human Capital Retention Strategies for High-Performing Advancement Divisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croteau, Jon Derek; Wolk, Holly Gordon

    2010-01-01

    There are many factors that can influence whether a highly talented staff member will build a career within an institution or use it as a stepping stone. This article defines and explores the notions of developing career paths and succession planning and why they are critical human capital investment strategies in retaining the highest performers…

  10. Entrepreneurial Phenomenon: Some Reasons for Career Choice Intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Valeria TOMA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Self-employment and entrepreneurship become increasingly important in our modern economies. This paper tries to provide a timely, definitive and comprehensive overview of the field. The key issues addressed include the impact of ability, risk, personal characteristics to the entrepreneurship. The aim of this article is to provide some information that someone needs in order to decide if the life of an entrepreneur is right for him or the decision to be a self employed is a good one. Making the choice on becoming an entrepreneur can be a challenge. How to know if entrepreneurship is right or not is another question. Also, understanding the attitude towards risk and the correspondent reward for an entrepreneur is very important. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a review and offer a theoretical extension of research on the psychological factors that influence the entrepreneur behavior. There is a meaningful and positive relationship between all psychological dimensions of empowerment (self-efficiency, self-determination, personal consequence, meaning, trust in others and entrepreneurship.

  11. Affect of perceived barriers to entrepreneurship on the career choice decision of students: A study of Uttarakhand state, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalit Sharma

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study we have tried to evaluate the affect of perceived barriers to entrepreneurship on the career choice intentions of students with special reference to taking up entrepreneurship as a career choice. It is a quantitative study wherein we have taken data of 530 young students studying in the final year of various professional courses of Uttarakhand state of India. The results confirmed relationship between the strength of perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and their decision to take up entrepreneurship as a preferred career choice. A relationship was also established between the personality type of student and his strength of perceived barriers.

  12. An Assessment of Energy-Related Career Paths of Senior Industrial Assessment Center Program Alumni

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, M.A.

    2003-10-20

    The purpose of this study was to assess the career paths of alumni from the U.S. Department of Energy's Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program. IAC was originally named the Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center (EADC) program when it began in association with four schools in 1976. The current IAC program provides funding to 26 engineering colleges, located in centers across the United States, to conduct energy, waste, and productivity assessments for small- to medium-sized manufacturing establishments within their respective regions. Through part-time employment with the university, students receive training and in turn conduct assessments for local manufacturers, under the direct supervision of engineering faculty. Annually, IAC participants conduct over 700 assessments, and each assessment generates recommendations for energy savings, energy cost savings, and waste and productivity cost savings customized for individual clients. An earlier study determined that energy savings could be attributed to alumni of the IAC program who take their IAC experiences with them to the professional workplace. During their careers, the alumni conduct additional energy assessments as well as influence energy efficiency through design, teaching and training, and other activities. Indeed, a significant level of program benefits can be attributed to the alumni. This project addressed such specific questions as: How many years after graduation are IAC alumni involved in energy-efficiency activities? What different methods do they use to influence energy-efficiency decisions? To answer these questions, the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT) surveyed IAC senior alumni, defined as those who graduated in 1995 or earlier. Section 2 describes the survey used in this research. The actual survey can be found in Appendix A. Section 3 describes our approach to data collection. Section 4 presents descriptive statistics about the senior alumni who responded to the survey. Section 5

  13. A critical investigation of access to social work students' post-compulsory education and career choices

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Jean

    2007-01-01

    This IFS investigated the post-compulsory education and career choices of a sample of ‘access to social work’ students at an FE college with which I have professional links. A qualitative methodology was used to interview seven students, and quantitative methods were used to analyse a social background questionnaire. The following research questions were posed: (1) Are the post-compulsory education decisions that ‘access to social work’ students make influenced by particular ‘turning points’?...

  14. Entrepreneurial education’s and entrepreneurial role models’ influence on career choice

    OpenAIRE

    Nnditsheni J. Muofhe; Willem F. du Toit

    2011-01-01

    Orientation: Little research has been done into the impact of entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurship as a career choice, especially in developing countries.Research purpose: The purpose of the study is to firstly explore the differences in entrepreneurial intentions between entrepreneurship students and non-entrepreneurship students, and secondly to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intentions as well...

  15. Orthodontics as a prospective career choice among undergraduate dental students: A prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Sam, George

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors influencing the career choice of dental students and to identify the future life plans of the students at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University Dental College who had chosen orthodontics as their future specialty. Materials and Methods: An epidemiological descriptive survey was conducted using a set of questionnaire among the second year to fourth year students at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Ar...

  16. Japan Women's University Multi-Career Path Support Model for Female Researchers (abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyama, Yoshikazu; Kodate, Kashiko

    2009-04-01

    The overall goal of this project, funded by MEXT-Japan (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, and Technology), is to implement prototypical programs to foster and proactively engage female researchers. The project aims to provide comprehensive support for female researchers who wish to raise a family and pursue an academic career, and increase opportunities for female researchers to play more active roles. To achieve these objectives, three core actions are taken. First, with out-of-office/out-of-lab research support (ubiquitous research support), an assistant researcher is provided to help perform experiments while the ubiquitous researcher is out of the laboratory. A communication network is introduced to connect the laboratory with home to facilitate in-home research. Second, with human resources support, researchers' career paths, abilities, and experiences are accumulated in e-portfolios. This enables researchers coming from different fields of employment to pursue other career paths. Third, a follow-up survey and project planning are conducted. We believe through science education, science can be demystified, and made more accessible and fascinating for children. This would bode well for future generations. Alumni questionnaires show that 80% of respondents were very satisfied to have graduated with a science background.

  17. [Motives of the career choice and expectations of the profession in nursing students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viet, A C

    1996-03-01

    Motivation in the choice of a career. What expectations do students-to-be have of nursing? Various groups of nursing students (n = 267) were questioned about reasons for their choice of career, and comparisons were made. In contrast to earlier research findings, there was a multitude of motives. One can no longer assume that nursing students are a homogeneous group. The intrinsic motivation, that of wanting to be useful, is still high, as in previous investigations. Extrinsic reasons (s.a. pay, conditions of work, etc.) which were previously hardly mentioned at all, have increasing importance. A further new reason given for the choice of the career is the opportunity it offers for personal development. It is no longer enough to assume that for future students the motivation of wanting to be useful can be taken for granted, and that all that is necessary for maintaining it, are satisfactory working conditions. In order to ensure job satisfaction and to prevent frustration it will be essential to create conditions which ensure that the motivation to be useful remains intact but which also promote personal growth and development. PMID:8715574

  18. Dynamics of career choice among students in undergraduate medical courses. A BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 33.

    OpenAIRE

    Querido, S.J.; Vergouw, D; Wigersma, L.; Batenburg, R.S.; Rond, M.E.J. de; Cate, O.T.J. ten

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Due to the lack of a theoretically embedded overview of the recent literature on medical career decision-making, this study provides an outline of these dynamics. Since differences in educational routes to the medical degree likely affect career choice dynamics, this study focuses on medical career decision-making in educational systems with a Western European curriculum structure. Methods: A systematic search of electronic databases (Medline, Embase) was conducted from January ...

  19. Dynamics of career choice among students in undergraduate medical courses. A BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 33.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Querido, S.J.; Vergouw, D.; Wigersma, L.; Batenburg, R.S.; Rond, M.E.J. de; Cate, O.T.J. ten

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Due to the lack of a theoretically embedded overview of the recent literature on medical career decision-making, this study provides an outline of these dynamics. Since differences in educational routes to the medical degree likely affect career choice dynamics, this study focuses on m

  20. Dynamics of career choice among students in undergraduate medical courses. A BEME systematic review : BEME Guide No. 33

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Querido, S.; Vergouw, D.; Wigersma, L.; Batenburg, R.; de Rond, M.; ten Cate, TJ

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Due to the lack of a theoretically embedded overview of the recent literature on medical career decision-making, this study provides an outline of these dynamics. Since differences in educational routes to the medical degree likely affect career choice dynamics, this study focuses on m

  1. Feeling the Threat: Stereotype Threat as a Contextual Barrier to Women's Science Career Choice Intentions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deemer, Eric D.; Thoman, Dustin B.; Chase, Justin P.; Smith, Jessi L.

    2014-01-01

    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994, 2000) holds that contextual barriers inhibit self-efficacy and goal choice intentions from points both near and far from the active career development situation. The current study examined the influence of one such proximal barrier, stereotype threat, on attainment of these…

  2. An Examination of the Alignment of Student-Athletes' Undergraduate Major Choices and Career Field Aspirations in Life after Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Kristina M.

    2015-01-01

    Today higher education student affairs professionals are charged with not only understanding the challenges and needs of a diverse student body, they must also prepare students for careers in life after college. For this empirical study I explored the undergraduate major choices and career aspirations of 29 senior student-athletes at a large,…

  3. Teacher's perceptions regarding subject and career choices of male and female students in Botswana secondary schools / Mompati Moremi

    OpenAIRE

    Moremi, Mompati

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated teachers' perceptions of subjects and career choices of male and female students in relation to gender in six selected schools in Botswana. The study aims to raise awareness about a number of aspects that need to be considered in order to produce plans leading to the achievement of gender equality in education. Such perceptions needs to be investigated because students' choices of certain subjects, careers and academic performance are to some extent determi...

  4. Choice and rejection of psychiatry as a career: surveys of UK medical graduates from 1974 to 2009†

    OpenAIRE

    Goldacre, Michael J; Fazel, Seena; Smith, Fay; Lambert, Trevor

    2013-01-01

    Background Recruitment of adequate numbers of doctors to psychiatry is difficult. Aims To report on career choice for psychiatry, comparing intending psychiatrists with doctors who chose other clinical careers. Method Questionnaire studies of all newly qualified doctors from all UK medical schools in 12 qualification years between 1974 and 2009 (33 974 respondent doctors). Results One, three and five years after graduation, 4–5% of doctors specified psychiatry as their first choice of future ...

  5. Motivational Pathways to STEM Career Choices: Using Expectancy-Value Perspective to Understand Individual and Gender Differences in STEM Fields

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ming-Te; Degol, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    The United States has made a significant effort and investment in STEM education, yet the size and the composition of the STEM workforce continues to fail to meet demand. It is thus important to understand the barriers and factors that influence individual educational and career choices. In this article, we conduct a literature review of the current knowledge surrounding individual and gender differences in STEM educational and career choices, using expectancy-value theory as a guiding framew...

  6. Dental students' perceptions of dental specialties and factors influencing specialty and career choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhima, Matilda; Petropoulos, Vicki C; Han, Rita K; Kinnunen, Taru; Wright, Robert F

    2012-05-01

    The goals of this study were to 1) evaluate dental students' perceptions of dental specialties, 2) identify factors that play an important role in students' decision to pursue specialty training or career choices, and 3) establish a baseline of students' perceptions of the dental fields with the best future in terms of salary, personal and patient quality of life, and overall impact on the dental profession. Surveys were distributed to 494 students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine. Data were collected from 380 traditional four-year students and thirty advanced standing students. Chi-square tests, multivariate analysis, and logistic regressions were used to determine associations and independent contributions of student demographics to their perceptions of dental specialties and factors influencing specialty training or career choices. Debt was a statistically significant factor (pgender, age, or class year. Enjoyment of providing care in a specialty or field was identified as the single most important factor in choosing a specialty career. Half of the respondents had decided not to specialize. Pursuing postdoctoral general dentistry training and private practice in general dentistry were the most commonly reported plans after completion of dental school. Suggestions are made for ways to inform students about specialty training. PMID:22550102

  7. "It's Every Family's Dream": Choice of a Medical Career Among the Arab Minority in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popper-Giveon, Ariela; Keshet, Yael

    2016-10-01

    Application to medical studies and the choice of medicine as a career are influenced by many factors, some internal (academic ability, intellectual curiosity, interests) and some external (parental pressure, peer pressure, teacher and school expectations). Ethnicity plays a role in motivational orientation and belonging to an ethnic minority group may influence both internal and external motives and priorities in choosing medicine as a career. In this article, we present a qualitative study of the motives that impel Arab physicians in Israel to choose a medical career. As a theoretical framework, we apply self-determination theory (SDT) (Ryan and Deci in Am Psychol 55:68-78, 2000), consisting of three principal categories situated along a continuum: Amotivation, extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. We show that extrinsic motivation is dominant among Arab physicians in Israel, demonstrating specifically the unique political context and cultural characteristics of Arab society in Israel. These findings, and the attention to the unique motivations of people from different ethnic minority groups who choose medical career, may increase the number of physicians from minority groups, a step known to decrease health gaps in multi-cultural contexts. PMID:26175137

  8. Shannon's measure of information, path averages and the origins of random utility models in transport itinerary or mode choice analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gaudry, Marc; Quinet, Emile

    2012-01-01

    We interpret the often mentioned difference between Logsum and average utility in terms of Shannon's (1948) information measure S, leading to a Path Aggregation THeorem (PATH). It states that, in transport networks where unique measures of the utility of multiple paths are required for demand model formulation purposes and the true path choice model is Multinomial Logit (MNL), constructs based on weighted averages of path characteristics derived from multipath assignments always underestimate...

  9. Predicting Occupational Interests and Choice Aspirations in Portuguese High School Students: A Test of Social Cognitive Career Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lent, Robert W.; Paixao, Maria Paula; da Silva, Jose Tomas; Leitao, Ligia Mexia

    2010-01-01

    The predictive utility of social cognitive career theory's (SCCT) interest and choice models was examined in a sample of 600 Portuguese high school students. Participants completed measures of occupational self-efficacy, outcome expectations, interests, social supports and barriers, and choice consideration across the six Holland (1997) RIASEC…

  10. Perception of 1 st year medical students towards career choices and specialty of psychiatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Shortage of psychiatrists is a worldwide phenomenon. If the factors that attract or repel students towards a specialty can be identified, it may be possible to encourage them towards it. Choice of specialty as a career depends on the complex interplay of experiences before, during or after exposure to the specialty. Objectives: The aim was to understand perceptions of 1 st year medical students regarding career choices and the specialty of psychiatry through a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. Materials and Methods: Perceptions of 137 1 st year medical students from the Government Medical College were recorded using a semi-structured questionnaire. Students provided their opinions about future career choices; perspective of these specialties in terms of financial reward, reputation, work-life balance, challenging aspect, ability to help patients effectively and emotional stability; their preferences in life and interaction with psychiatrist and its impact. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA with post-hoc analysis by Tukey-Kramer test. Results: Surgery was a high priority for 69 (50% while psychiatry was a high priority only for 11 (8%. Surgery was highest for financial reward and reputation, but lowest for work-life balance. Psychiatry had higher emotional stability, however, its the reputation was lower than surgery, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology and paediatrics. Students preferred reputation (41% over social service opportunities (43%, work-life balance (16%, and high-income (11%. Interaction with psychiatrist increased inclination for psychiatry in 69% (9/13 students. Conclusions: Psychiatry is not a preferred specialty among 1 st year medical students due to its poor reputation.

  11. Perception of asthma as a factor in career choice among young adults with asthma

    OpenAIRE

    Sacha Bhinder; Lisa Cicutto; Husam M. Abdel-Qadir; Tarlo, Susan M

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIM: Asthma is a common chronic condition that can be aggravated by workplace exposures. Young adults with asthma should know how their future occupation might affect their asthma, and potentially, their quality of life. The aim of the present study was to assess the awareness of young adults to occupational risks for asthma and high-risk occupations, as well as their perception of the role of asthma in career choice.METHODS: Young adults 16 to 22 years of age with reported physici...

  12. Factors influencing the career and academic choices of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Margaret S; Dimito, Anne

    2010-01-01

    This is an empirical study of academic and career choices for 119 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students using a questionnaire. Respondents who reported that their sexual orientation influenced their choices a great deal indicated that the influences were both positive and negative. This group was most likely to have experienced anti-LGBT discrimination in the past. In comparing lesbian, bisexual people, and gay males, gay males and respondents from visible minorities were the most likely to feel a negative impact, while bisexual respondents were the least likely. There were too few transgender respondents to include in these statistical comparisons; however, frequencies suggest that transgender people may be the most vulnerable of all. Results suggest that counselors need to take sexual orientation issues, particularly past experiences of discrimination, when working with LGBT clients. PMID:21058150

  13. Schooling girls in a rural community: An examination of female science identity and science career choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Melisa Diane Creasy

    There is a gap in existence between the number of males and females entering science careers. Research has begun to focus largely on how identity impacts the selection of such careers. While much research has been done to examine the factors that impact student identity, little work has been done to examine what happens to female students who have been successful in science in a rural K-12 school once they leave high school and enter the world of academia. Thus, this study examined the following questions: (1) How do three recent female high school graduates from rural K-12 high schools narrate their identity? (2) How do the females narrate their experiences in a rural community and high school in relation to their science identity? (3) What do the participants describe as influencing their academic and career choices as they transition into the life of a college student? This study involved three female participants from a small rural community in a southeastern state. Each female has lived their entire life in the community and has attended only one K-12 school. All three females ranked in the top ten of their senior class and excelled in their science coursework. Additionally, each female elected to attend college locally and to live at home. The study utilized the qualitative methodology of interpretive biography. The researcher used a guided interview protocol with participants which served as the basis for the creation of their narrative biographies. The biographies were then analyzed for emergent themes. Sociocultural theory, identity theory, and critical feminism provided the theoretical frameworks utilized in data analysis. Findings from this study suggested that there were many differing factors influencing the science identity and career choices of the females under study. However, the most salient factor impacting their choices was their desire to remain in their hometown. Directions for future research suggestions involve exploring female students who

  14. Medical students' personal values and their career choices a quarter-century later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hojat, M; Brigham, T P; Gottheil, E; Xu, G; Glaser, K; Veloski, J J

    1998-08-01

    A longitudinal study of 391 physicians tested two hypotheses regarding personal values and career choices: that higher preference for social values would be associated with physicians' being more interested in "people-oriented" rather than "technology-oriented" specialties and that higher preference for economic values would be associated with expectations of high income. The physicians (344 men, 47 women) were graduates of Jefferson Medical College in 1974 and 1975 who completed the Allport-Vernon-Lindzey Study of Values during medical school. Analysis showed that physicians currently in the "people-oriented" specialties scored significantly higher on the Social Value scale than their peers in "technology-oriented" specialties. A moderate but statistically significant correlation was found between scores on the Economic Value scale and expectations of higher income. The findings suggest that physicians' personal values are relevant to their career decisions such as specialty choice and expectations of income. The findings have implications with regard to two major issues in the evolving health care system, namely, the distribution of physicians by specialty and cost containment. PMID:9775680

  15. Returning to the Ranks: Towards an Holistic Career Path in Academic Librarianship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Ridley

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Having the policies and procedures for individuals to easily move into and out of term-limited, administrative positions supports a holistic view of an academic career path. While this is normative for our academic colleagues, it is less common for academic librarians. Typically, librarians in administrative positions (chief librarians for example either stay in those roles, seek other similar roles, or retire from those roles. Returning to the ranks is surprisingly rare and not well-enabled through transparent processes. This paper explores the experiences of four chief librarians who returned to the ranks following term appointments. It examines the resultant issues and makes recommendations on how to improve the situation. The conclusions offer advice for universities, libraries, and librarian administrators. This paper is based on a presentation to the annual conference of the Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians, Brock University, May 25-26, 2014.

  16. A new career path in radiation protection training. Certified power plant shift supervisor. Radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Apart from theoretical knowledge, effective day-to-day radiation protection operations also require a certain measure of practical experience. Therefore, the professional degree of 'Certified Radiation Worker', issued by the Chamber of Industry and Commerce (CIC) Aachen, Germany, established at an early stage. In order to provide experienced radiation protection specialists with an attractive career path, POWERTECH TRAINING CENTER e.V., in co-operation with VGB PowerTech. e.V., the Paul Scherrer Institute (Switzerland) and the Swiss Atomic Energy Agency (ENSI), has devised a new power plant shift supervisor training course specialising in radiation protection. The vocational training degree called 'Certified Power Plant Shift Supervisor - Radiation Protection' is awarded after successful completion of the advanced training examination conducted by the CIC in Essen, Germany. (orig.)

  17. Connecting Cultural Models of Home-Based Care and Childminders' Career Paths: An Eco-Cultural Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonyan, Holli A.; Nuttall, Joce

    2014-01-01

    Family day care or childminding involves a particularly transient workforce. This paper introduces Eco(logical)-Cultural Theory (ECT) to examine the cultural organisation of childminding and presents an ECT analysis of pilot survey results: asking minders about their daily routines and their career paths. Reasons for becoming a minder and…

  18. The Impact of a University-Based School Science Outreach Program on Graduate Student Participants' Career Paths and Professional Socialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, Sandra L.; Thiry, Heather; Liston, Carrie S.

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on professional socialization theory, this study examined how immersive experiences as science outreach educators in K-12 schools influenced the career paths and professional identities of science and engineering graduate students. Semi-structured interviews with 24 outreach program alumni revealed that school outreach experiences provided…

  19. The Long and Winding Road: Grades, Psychological Disengagement and Motivation among Female Students in (Non-)Traditional Career Paths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinfret, Natalie; Tougas, Francine; Beaton, Ann M.; Laplante, Joelle; Ngo Manguelle, Christiane; Lagacé, Marie Claude

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the links between grades, psychological disengagement mechanisms (discounting evaluative feedback and devaluing school), and motivation among female students in traditional and non-traditional career paths. We predicted that the association between grades and discounting is affected by the importance of…

  20. Essays on occupational choice

    OpenAIRE

    Schlenker, Eva Gabriele

    2013-01-01

    Occupational choices have far-reaching consequences for young adults. Occupations do not only influence career opportunities and earnings. They also have an impact on status and reputation in society. The importance of occupational choice is reinforced because occupational choice is hardly reversible and, therefore, creates path dependencies in one's life. This issue is especially crucial if job mobility is low, as it is the case in Germany. Changes in occupations are less common in Germany i...

  1. Perceptions on gender awareness and considerations in career choices of medical students in a medical school in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yueh-Chin; Lin, Ching-Yi; Huang, Chien-Ning; Yang, Jen-Hung

    2013-11-01

    The trend of medical career choice in the younger generation has resulted in deficiency of manpower in the four major disciplines of internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics/gynecology, and pediatrics, which will threaten people's health care in Taiwan. However, perceptions of gender awareness and factors affecting the career choices of medical students have not been investigated systemically in Taiwan. To explore the perceptions on gender awareness and considerations in career choices, we recruited 280 1(st)- and 7(th)-year male and female medical students at a Medical University for the study. A modified Nijmegen questionnaire using a 5-point Likert scale containing medical curricula (18 items), gender awareness (13 items), and career inclination (9 items) was adopted as the investigation tool in our study. The response rate was 75% (224/280). With regard to gender, the 1(st)-year male students had greater confidence in being a physician than the female students (p gender was more prominent in the 7(th)-year than in the 1(st)-year students (p gender and "female physicians are more empathetic and provide more communications than male physicians". Factors influencing career choices of medical students, including "personal interests/talents" and "academic achievement of the specialty," were not significantly different by gender. Factors included "training and learning environments of the specialty", "risk of lawsuit", and "economic incentive" were more appreciated by the senior than the junior students (p gender or seniority. The 7(th)-year students had experiences in clinical medicine and had different considerations in career choice in comparison to the 1(st)-year students, and gender played a role in senior students. In addition, the senior rather than the junior students regarded "training and learning environments", "risk of lawsuit", and "economic incentive" as more important factors affecting the career choices, and male students paid more attention to these

  2. Entrepreneurial education’s and entrepreneurial role models’ influence on career choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nnditsheni J. Muofhe

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Little research has been done into the impact of entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurship as a career choice, especially in developing countries.Research purpose: The purpose of the study is to firstly explore the differences in entrepreneurial intentions between entrepreneurship students and non-entrepreneurship students, and secondly to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intentions as well as between role models and entrepreneurial intentions.Motivation for the study: There is a need for stakeholders, such as training authorities and training providers, to understand the influence of entrepreneurship education and role models on entrepreneurial career choice. Knowing this could assist in developing and implementing more effective entrepreneurial education programmes.Research design, approach and method: The study was conducted amongst a convenience sample of 269 final-year students, of which 162 (60.2% were entrepreneurship and 107 (39.8% non-entrepreneurship students from a higher education institution in Johannesburg. The entrepreneurial intentions of entrepreneurship students were compared with those of non-entrepreneurship students. The findings of the study suggest that entrepreneurship students have stronger entrepreneurial intentions than non-entrepreneurship students, and that there is a positive relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions and between role models and entrepreneurial intentions respectively.Practical/managerial implications: Entrepreneurship stakeholders can use the findings of the study to improve curriculum design, delivery methods and assessment strategies in their efforts to advance entrepreneurship.Contribution/value-add: The findings of the study suggest that entrepreneurship education and role models can influence students’ entrepreneurial intentions in a developing country.

  3. Personality, Career Decision Self-Efficacy and Commitment to the Career Choices Process among Chinese Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Leili; Watkins, David; Yuen, Mantak

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the mediating effect of career decision self-efficacy on the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and the career commitment process (i.e., vocational commitment and the tendency to foreclose) in a sample of 785 Chinese graduate students. The multiple regression analyses showed that neuroticism and…

  4. 大学生择业的经济学分析%Economic Analysis of Undergraduate Career Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万雨东

    2015-01-01

    In the college students'Career Education.The Employment orientation factors of college students can be used as a set of goods available for consumption.College Career choosing ability can be used as Budgeted cost sum formed by their investment in education,health,etc in the actual career choices,by using consumer economics law of diminishing marginal and consumer equilibrium rule,for students themselves professional needs,hobbies,career, salary,benefits Career Choice,rational judgments of careers are made for guiding students jobs,reducing unemployment graduates voluntary.%在大学生择业教育中,把大学生择业倾向因素,看成可供消费的一组商品,大学生择业能力,看成自身教育保健等投资所形成的预算成本总和.利用消费经济学的边际效用递减规律,消费者均衡规律,针对大学生自身专业需求、兴趣爱好、职业前途、薪酬、福利等择业倾向,做出理性的择业判断,指导大学生择业,降低毕业生自愿性失业.

  5. Apuntes acerca de las Ocupaciones: Explore y Practique las Destrezas de Desarrollo Ocupacional (Career Notes: Explore and Practice Career Growth Skills). CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gans, Connie; And Others

    This text is the second in a series of advanced career education materials which, with an elementary segment, form a career education curriculum for elementary-secondary migrant students. Complementing texts on careers and roles and on work exploration and work experience, the text uses activities, poems, and cartoons to focus on self-awareness…

  6. Career Paths of Beginning Public School Teachers: Results from the First through Fifth Waves of the 2007-08 Beginning Teacher Longitudinal Study. Stats in Brief. NCES 2015-196

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raue, Kimberley; Gray, Lucinda

    2015-01-01

    This report examines the career paths of beginning public school teachers and how these career paths vary by characteristics during the teachers' first year of teaching and most recent year of teaching. The career paths in this report are based on those developed for the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) research and development…

  7. Science access, career choices, achievement, and motivation: Perceptions of female science olympians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Kelly Rae

    Women remain under-represented in science career fields and this is especially evident in the physical sciences. Female students maintain equal science interest and achievement to male students in elementary school but by middle and high school they fall behind their male peers. Reasons cited for girls' declining interest in science include battling traditional gender stereotypes, lack of encouragement, and lack of female role models. Four main science concerns related to girls/women as indicated by research literature were science access, career choices, achievement, and motivation. In Georgia, some girls have made a break from the research trends by demonstrating their fervor for science through participation in the academic activity, Science Olympiad. The purpose of this study was to examine the science perceptions of girls who demonstrated science success by their participation in Science Olympiad. Utilizing phenomenological and feminist perspectives, the qualitative research method of focus group interviewing was used to address the research questions comprising the four science concerns of female science access, career choices, achievement, and motivation. The study participants were all girls/women who participated in Science Olympiad. A total of five focus groups were studied. One of the focus groups had current college undergraduates, former Science Olympians, in it while the others were composed of high school girls. Through the description of their science experiences, the participants shared their perceptions of the four science concerns. When addressing these science concerns, the participants revealed four factors that had most affected their science perceptions: the importance of support, science needs Serious Fun, teachers matter, and the bonuses of extracurricular involvement. In their experiences, the participants found success in science because they had teachers, parents, and peers who supported their academic interests, including science, and

  8. [An investigation of career choice, plans and expectations and practice preferences of male and female dental students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daalmans, M.T.; Vissia, M.S.; Kuijpers-Jagtman, A.M.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Aim of this study was to get more insight into the career choice, plans and expectations, and practice pattern preferences of male and female dental students in The Netherlands. A structured questionnaire was sent out to all 5th year dental students in The Netherlands in the academic year 2001/2002

  9. Investigating Community Factors as Predictors of Rural 11th-Grade Agricultural Science Students' Choice of Careers in Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adedokun, Omolola A.; Balschweid, Mark A.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the links between community contexts/factors and rural 11th-grade agricultural science students' choice of careers in agriculture. A logistic regression model was developed and tested to examine the extent to which nine measures of community contexts (i.e., membership in FFA, membership in 4-H, community attachment,…

  10. Comparisons among three types of generalist physicians: Personal characteristics, medical school experiences, financial aid, and other factors influencing career choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, G; Veloski, J J; Barzansky, B; Hojat, M; Diamond, J; Silenzio, V M

    1996-01-01

    A national survey of family physicians, general internists, and general pediatricians was conducted in the US to examine differences among the three groups of generalists physicians, with particular regard to the factors influencing their choice of generalist career. Family physicians were more likely to have made their career decision before medical school, and were more likely to have come from inner-city or rural areas. Personal values and early role models play a very important role in influencing their career choice. In comparison, a higher proportion of general internists had financial aid service obligations and their choice of the specialty was least influenced by personal values. General pediatricians had more clinical experiences either in primary care or with underserved populations, and they regarded medical school experiences as more important in influencing their specialty choice than did the other two groups. Admission committees may use these specialty-related factors to develop strategies to attract students into each type of generalist career. PMID:24179019

  11. Socio-demographic characteristics and career choices amongst Chilean dental students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Gambetta

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the socio-demographic and career choice characteristics of dental students in two publicly funded universities in Chile. A total of 601 dental students participated in the study with a 53% response rate.The written survey covered age, gender, type of school attended, place of residence, parental occupation, level of education, tuition fees payment methods, along with motivations and preferences towards dentistry as a career. The respondents had an average age of 22 years old. Sixty one percent of respondents were female, and the majority had completed secondary education in private and subsidized schools with only 21.5% having finished in public schools. Most of the students covered their tuition fees with parental money (37.1%, followed by any type of loan (27.9%. The majority of students (63.8% had placed dentistry as their first career choice with self-motivation being the most important reason for their decision. This study provides a description of the socio-demographic and economic profile of Chilean dental students and provides insights about career decision issues. It also purposes areas for further research and management by academics for future program development. RESUMEN El presente estudio descriptivo de corte transversal explora el perfil socio-demográfico y los factores asociados a la elección de la carrera de los estudiantes de odontología pertenecientes a dos universidades estales chilenas. Un total de 601 estudiantes participaron de esta investigación con una tasa de respuesta del 53%.La encuesta escrita incluyó, edad, género, educación secundaria, lugar de residencia, nivel educacional y ocupación de los padres, método de pago junto con las motivaciones y proyecciones de los estudiantes hacia la carrera. Los participantes reportaron una edad promedio de 22 años. Sesenta y un por ciento de los participantes fueron mujeres, y la mayoría terminó la enseñanza media

  12. System Implementation, Work Life Quality and the Third Stage of Pathology Career Path (Maintenance) among Esfahan Steel Company Staff

    OpenAIRE

    Fateme Taheri; Seyyedali Siadat; Mohammad Mohammadisadr

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to examine the relation between work life quality (structural-managerial, psychological, and social) and the third stage of career path (maintenance) among Esfahan Steel Company staff. The research method used was descriptive/correlational. The research population consisted of all Esfahan Steel Company staff in 2011, from which 214 out of 1200 individuals were selected through proportional stratified random sampling. The reliability of the results of the questionnaire w...

  13. Do They Enter the Workforce? Career Choices after an Undergrad Research Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greco, S.; Wissel, S.; Zwicker, A.; Ortiz, D.; Dominguez, A.

    2015-11-01

    Students in undergrad research internships go on to grad school at rates of 50-75% (Lopatto, 2007;Russell, 2005). NSF studied its undergrad program and found that 74% of physics interns (67% for engineering) go to grad school. PPPL undergrad interns were tracked for 10 years. Only 3% of physics PhD candidates are studying plasma physics, but 23% of our alumni that entered grad school did so in plasma. AIP reports that 60% of physics majors go to grad school (AIP, 2012), but 95% of PPPL interns have gone on to grad schools. Several programs track enrollment in grad school. AIP compiles statistics of undergrads who enter grad school and PhD students who work in the field. There has been no study of interns that follows the path from undergrad to grad school and then on to employment. Our tracking shows that most not only complete their advanced degrees but also stay in STEM fields following their academic careers. 88% of them become part of the STEM workforce, higher than the 82% of all physics PhDs employed in physics after obtaining their degree (AIP, 2014). PPPL puts more students in grad school in physics, and specifically plasma physics, and a higher percentage of those grad students stay in the STEM workforce.

  14. Contextual Supports and Barriers to Career Choice: A Social Cognitive Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lent, Robert W.; Brown, Steven D.; Hackett, Gail

    2000-01-01

    Considers several avenues for stimulating study of the contextual aspects of career behavior. Reviews literature covering career barriers, a conceptually relevant construct, from the perspective of Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT); advocates for the study of contextual supports as well as barriers; and proposes additional context-focused…

  15. Locus of Control and Career Interest of Sophomore Accountancy Students: Basis for Employment Path

    OpenAIRE

    Jovielyn Mañibo; Elna Lopez

    2014-01-01

    This academic undertaking sought to determine the relationship between the locus of control and career interest of the respondents towards their future employment. The objectives of the study were to determine the respondents’ locus of control and career interest; to find if there is a significant relationship between the respondents’ locus of control and career interest and to develop an action plan that will gauge the students’ employment success as to their chosen field. In ...

  16. Contributing Factors in Students' Choice of a Physical Therapist Assistant Career: A Contrast with the Physical Therapist Career Pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mele, Robert V.

    2009-01-01

    The health care professions have gained significant notoriety as one of the fastest growing career opportunities in the country. In particular, physical therapy has gained a reputation as a vital and significant member of the health care team. The physical therapy field has struggled to provide adequate services to meet patients' needs due to the…

  17. Nepalese dental hygiene and dental students’ career choice motivation and plans after graduation: a descriptive cross-sectional comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Knevel, Ron J. M.; Gussy, Mark G.; Farmer, Jane; Karimi, Leila

    2015-01-01

    Background This is the first study of its kind to provide data regarding the self-reported career choice motivation and intentions after graduation of dental and dental hygiene students in Nepal. The findings of this study can be used to inform future oral health workforce planning in Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional survey of dentistry and dental hygiene students attending a large accredited dental college in Kathmandu, Nepal. Quantitative data were analysed using IBM® SPSS® 22. The responde...

  18. A Descriptive Analysis of NLM Funded Medical Informatics Training Programs and the Career Choice of Their Graduates

    OpenAIRE

    Braude, Robert M.

    1990-01-01

    The initial 13 NLM supported Medical Informatics training programs and their graduates were studied to determine the program objectives, trainee selection factors, and curriculum components of the programs and the background and career choice of the trainees. All 13 programs and over 60% of the available population of trainees was studied. The analysis indicates (1) that the major objective was to train individuals in the applications of computer and information science to medicine; (2) that ...

  19. E-Learning as a Career Path in Information Systems Curricula: A Blue Ocean Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Robert J.; Fadel, Kelly J.

    2012-01-01

    E-learning is a rapidly growing industry with emerging career opportunities that require expertise in business, information technology, and instructional design. However, most academic institutions lack cohesive programs for preparing students for e-learning careers. We argue that information systems (IS) programs have a unique, "blue…

  20. Linking Socioeconomic Status to Social Cognitive Career Theory Factors: A Partial Least Squares Path Modeling Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jie-Tsuen; Hsieh, Hui-Hsien

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributions of socioeconomic status (SES) in predicting social cognitive career theory (SCCT) factors. Data were collected from 738 college students in Taiwan. The results of the partial least squares (PLS) analyses indicated that SES significantly predicted career decision self-efficacy (CDSE);…

  1. Addressing career barriers for high risk adolescent girls: the PATHS curriculum intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doren, Bonnie; Lombardi, Allison R; Clark, Julie; Lindstrom, Lauren

    2013-12-01

    The study evaluated a gender-specific comprehensive career development curriculum designed to target career barriers faced by high risk adolescent girls - those with disabilities and at risk for school failure. The goal of the curriculum was to promote social cognitive career and self determination outcomes associated with adaptive career development and adjustment. A pre-post control group design was used to evaluate the curriculum. Findings suggest that participation in the curriculum resulted in significant and large gains in autonomy and in disability and gender-related knowledge. Meaningful gains were noted in perceptions of social support and relevance of school. Participants in a high fidelity sample made significant and large gains in vocational skills self-efficacy and disability and gender-related knowledge. Meaningful improvements were noted in self-advocacy, autonomy, and vocational outcome expectations. The findings suggest that the curriculum can improve important indicators of positive career development and adjustment in high risk adolescent girls. PMID:24215955

  2. Women's Career Development : A Case Study of the Career Paths of Female Middle Managers at Banks in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Turunen, Sara; Muoniovaara, Mari

    2015-01-01

    Understanding differences between women and men’s career development and promoting equality is important in today’s society. “A growing body of evidence shows that utilizing the skills and talent of both men and women is beneficial for enterprises and for society in general” (Guy Ryder, Director General, International Labour Organization ILO, 2015, p.3). Women are under-represented in management level and measures that can be taken to advance women in business should be analyzed and taken int...

  3. Influence of Student's Interest on Career Choice among First Year University Students in Public and Private Universities in Kisii County, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyamwange, Josephine

    2016-01-01

    Career choice has lately become a very complicated science, considering that the decision is influenced by numerous factors. Yet, choosing the right career is important in ensuring that individuals lead rewarding lives, are motivated at their jobs and can achieve remarkable productivity, thus setting the stage for organizational success and…

  4. Schooling Girls in a Rural Community: An Examination of Female Science Identity and Science Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Melisa Diane Creasy

    2010-01-01

    There is a gap in existence between the number of males and females entering science careers. Research has begun to focus largely on how identity impacts the selection of such careers. While much research has been done to examine the factors that impact student identity, little work has been done to examine what happens to female students who have…

  5. Educational and Career-Related Help-Seeking in High School: An Exploration of Students' Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domene, Jose F.; Shapka, Jennifer D.; Keating, Daniel P.

    2006-01-01

    This study examined patterns of help-seeking for educational and career planning issues in a sample of 483 students in grades 11-12 from two schools in southern Ontario. Although counsellors were the most common source of support for educational issues, very few students sought their assistance for career issues, choosing to turn to family members…

  6. Negative Opinion of Company Environment Mediates Career Choice of Accountancy Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, David Yoon Kin; Tong, Xue Fa

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore accountancy students' pre-employment decisions as regards pursuing a career after completing an internship. The paper aims to analyse the mediating effect of aspects of students' training experience in firms as direct/indirect factors which influence their career decisions.…

  7. The Changing Paths in Academic Careers in European Universities: Minor Steps and Major Milestones

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiek, Marek; Antonowicz, Dominik

    2014-01-01

    The academic career in Europe used to be much more unstructured and much less competitive than today. Currently, as reflected in interviews carried out throughout Europe, “each step in a career is competitive“, from doctoral and postdoctoral to junior academic and senior academic positions. There are significant variations across the European countries studied regarding the level of competition, often different in different places occupied in the academic hierarchy. But increasing compe...

  8. Career choices on graduation--a study of recent graduates from University College Cork.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McKenna, Gerald

    2010-04-23

    INTRODUCTION: Irish dental graduates are eligible to enter general dental practice immediately after qualification. Unlike their United Kingdom counterparts, there is no requirement to undertake vocational training (VT) or any pre-registration training. VT is a mandatory 12-month period for all UK dental graduates who wish to work within the National Health Service. It provides structured, supervised experience in training practices and through organised study days. AIMS: This study aimed to profile the career choices made by recent dental graduates from UCC. It aimed to record the uptake of VT and associate posts, and where the graduates gained employment. METHODOLOGY: A self-completion questionnaire was developed and circulated electronically to recent graduates from UCC. An existing database of email addresses was used and responses were returned by post or by email. A copy of the questionnaire used is included as Appendix 1. RESULTS: Questionnaires were distributed over an eight-week period and 142 were returned, giving a response rate of 68.90%. Responses were gathered from those who graduated between 2001 and 2007; however, the majority came from more recent classes. Overall, the majority of graduates took up associate positions after qualification (71.8%) with smaller numbers undertaking VT (28.2%). Increasing numbers have entered VT in recent years, including 54.3% from the class of 2007. Overall, the majority of graduates initially took up positions in England (43%); however, in recent times more have been employed in Scotland. Subsequent work profiles of the graduates illustrate that the majority are now working as associates in general practice (51.4%) and in Ireland (54.2%). CONCLUSIONS: There has been an increase in the proportion of UCC graduates undertaking VT. Graduates tended to move away from Ireland initially to gain employment. There has been a shift away from employment in England towards Scotland where the majority of new UCC graduates are now

  9. Women Teachers and Policemen: Different Career Transition Paths to Becoming Lawyers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Burns

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Within a larger study of career transition to law, a number of individuals were identified as havingcome from two occupational clusters, policing and teaching. These interviewee occupations were forthe most part each composed of one gender only - policemen and women teachers. These twogroups are compared here across a series of points that illustrate ways that gender discourses bothconstitute and reflect social reproduction even within processes of social change. Aspects ofpersonal experiences of these career changes that are briefly explored in this discussion include:origins of the two groups in terms of social class and education; gender and recent historical change;the differing connections to law of these two groups; subdued narratives of police changing to the‘dark side’ to become lawyers; and differing teaching career sequences, including family care, on thepathway towards transition into law; law school and beyond.

  10. Investigating factors influencing 4th-year physiotherapy students' opinions of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy as a career path.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, Julie; Skinner, Margot; Lee, Annemarie; Wilson, Lisa; Alison, Jennifer A

    2012-07-01

    Recruitment and retention issues in cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP) have led to concerns for the future of this specialist area of physiotherapy. This study evaluated the career choices of student physiotherapists and elicited factors that influenced their perceptions of CRP. A postal questionnaire to two schools of physiotherapy in New Zealand and two in Australia was administered. Final year students were randomly selected and invited to complete the questionnaire. Details of respondents' clinical experience, future career intentions, and perceptions of CRP as a specialism were ascertained. A response rate of 61% (n=149) was obtained. Although the majority of respondents had undertaken cardiorespiratory placements, only 3% of respondents reported being "extremely interested" in specializing in CRP. The variety and timing of clinical placements and educational and clinical supervision were key factors that had the potential to both positively and negatively influence students' opinions of CRP. An understanding of the role of CRP beyond that of inpatient care appeared limited. To promote uptake of CRP as a career option, clinicians, educators, and managers should strive to provide positive clinical placements and educational opportunities. The extensive scope of clinical practice of cardiorespiratory physiotherapists could be a greater focus within physiotherapy curricula. PMID:22007799

  11. The effect of GK-12 graduate fellow interactions on high school student attitudes toward science and career path

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytle, Rachel Renee

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of biology graduate student interactions on high school student attitudes toward science and career choice. Through the National Science Foundation GK-12 program at Middle Tennessee State University, Graduate Fellows (GFs) partnered with a science teacher (PT) ten hours a week during the school year to serve as a scientist-in-residence, engage students in inquiry-based laboratory experiences, and mentor research projects. A multi-method design compared PT classes with and without a GF using the Student Attitude Inventory- II (SAI-II), interviews, and student artifacts. Although small positive differences were present in GF classes, repeated measures MANOVA found no significant differences between SAI-II categories. Both groups decreased in STEM career interest; however, student interviews with GF classes conveyed increased understanding of the scientific process and a desire to continue practicing science. Although GF classes actively participated in documented STEM experiences, this study supports the challenges in changing student attitude about science and increased pursuance of STEM careers.

  12. Are Green Jobs Career Pathways a Path to a 21st-Century Workforce Development System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scully-Russ, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    This article examines policy reports that advocate for new green jobs career pathways to help grow the green economy and create new opportunity structures in the green labor market. The reports are based on a series of propositions about the nature of green jobs and the existence of the political will to invest in new green education programs to…

  13. Developing a Model of Advanced Training to Promote Career Advancement for Certified Genetic Counselors: An Investigation of Expanded Skills, Advanced Training Paths, and Professional Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baty, Bonnie J; Trepanier, Angela; Bennett, Robin L; Davis, Claire; Erby, Lori; Hippman, Catriona; Lerner, Barbara; Matthews, Anne; Myers, Melanie F; Robbins, Carol B; Singletary, Claire N

    2016-08-01

    There are currently multiple paths through which genetic counselors can acquire advanced knowledge and skills. However, outside of continuing education opportunities, there are few formal training programs designed specifically for the advanced training of genetic counselors. In the genetic counseling profession, there is currently considerable debate about the paths that should be available to attain advanced skills, as well as the skills that might be needed for practice in the future. The Association of Genetic Counseling Program Directors (AGCPD) convened a national committee, the Committee on Advanced Training for Certified Genetic Counselors (CATCGC), to investigate varied paths to post-master's training and career development. The committee began its work by developing three related grids that view career advancement from the viewpoints of the skills needed to advance (skills), ways to obtain these skills (paths), and existing genetic counselor positions that offer career change or advancement (positions). Here we describe previous work related to genetic counselor career advancement, the charge of the CATCGC, our preliminary work in developing a model through which to view genetic counselor advanced training and career advancement opportunities, and our next steps in further developing and disseminating the model. PMID:26739839

  14. Off the Beaten Path: A Journey to a Career Beyond the Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flatten, Amy

    2013-03-01

    This presentation will provide insights on how a scientific graduate degree can lead to opportunities that combine scientific expertise with diverse interests such as business, international affairs, and science policy. The speaker will talk about potential challenges for PhD scientists working outside of a traditional research environment and the professional skills that help ensure success in careers beyond the laboratory. Director of International Affairs

  15. Gender Stereotypes among Women Engineering and Technology Students in the UK: Lessons from Career Choice Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Abigail; Dainty, Andrew; Bagilhole, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    In the UK, women remain under-represented in engineering and technology (E&T). Research has, therefore, investigated barriers and solutions to women's recruitment, retention and progression. Recruitment into the sector may be supported by exploring the career decisions of women and men who have chosen to study E&T. Triangulating quantitative and…

  16. Attitudes, Educational, and Career Choices of Food and Agricultural Sciences Institute Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, Paula E.; Baggett, Connie D.; Bowen, Cathy F.; Bowen, Blannie E.

    2009-01-01

    Ethnic minority students traditionally pursue degrees and careers in the food and agricultural sciences at rates lower than their non-minority counterparts. To help improve upon this situation, the Food and Agricultural Sciences Institute (FASI) was created to expose academically talented high school students to opportunities within the food and…

  17. Connecting High School Physics Experiences, Outcome Expectations, Physics Identity, and Physics Career Choice: A Gender Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazari, Zahra; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.; Shanahan, Marie-Claire

    2010-01-01

    This study explores how students' physics identities are shaped by their experiences in high school physics classes and by their career outcome expectations. The theoretical framework focuses on physics identity and includes the dimensions of student performance, competence, recognition by others, and interest. Drawing data from the Persistence…

  18. Public Services/Agribusiness. B4. CHOICE: Challenging Options in Career Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

    The documents aggregated here comprise the third grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. Eleven jobs in the public services and agribusiness (nursing aide, sanitation worker, mail carrier, librarian, fire fighter, police officer, gardener, farmer, logger, miner, forest ranger) are the focus of the unit. The…

  19. Policy efforts used to develop awareness aimed at increased students' scientific literacy and career choices in mathematics, science and engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitfield, Frank Albert

    The lack of an adequate supply of human resources in science and engineering has been well documented. Efforts from a number of agencies, such as the National Science Foundation, have been implemented to alleviate this national problem. However, it is unclear what concerted efforts state agencies are taking to increase the number of African American students' scientific literacy, and career choices in science and engineering. The purpose of this study was to select a talent pool of African American students who are academically able to pursue a career in a math-based major. The selection of this talent pool lead to the recommendation of an encouragement process model to be used by the Tennessee Board of Regents (TBR) system to encourage the selectees of this talent pool to enter math-based programs at TBR universities. An integrated literature review was conducted. This review includes perspectives on national, state, and local educational policy decisions which affect educational purposes, institutional governance and secondary-postsecondary linkages. Existing TBR system data were analyzed and tabulated. This tabulated data along with the recommended model will be offered to the TBR system for possible adoption. The results of these data support the methodological notion that there are an appreciable number of potential TBR system African American students academically able to enter math related majors who, however, may be reluctant to choose a career direction in a math-based career field. Implications of this study and suggestions for further research are discussed. On an applied level, the study might suggest to other states ways in which to deal with similar problems.

  20. A Conjoint Analysis of Undergraduate Students′Career Choice Preference%大学生择业偏好联合分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱峰; 郭靖; 徐梦蝶

    2015-01-01

    This paper first used the semantic differential method to determine the major factors affecting undergraduates′career choice and then applied a conjoint analysis to study these career choice factors.The research shows that development opportunity, namely opportunity to develop personal abilities, is the most important factor in students′career choice while job location and company performance are not the first con-siderations.%采用语意微分法确定影响大学生择业的主要因素,再运用联合分析法对大学生择业因素的选择进行相关研究。研究表明:大学生择业最重视的是发展机会,即深造机会,而工作地点和企业效益却非首先考虑的因素。

  1. A Comparative Consideration of Career Paths into Middle Management in the Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhard Syben

    2008-01-01

    The article is based on a comparative investigation of the training and further training paths into middle management on building sites in eleven countries in Europe. Using as its primary examples a comparison between Hungary, where vocational training takes place predominantly within the state education system, and Germany, where the dual system…

  2. Thinking Out of the Box: Alternative Career Choices for Young Doctors in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathore, Farooq Azam; Farooq, Fareeha

    2016-02-01

    The number of young medical graduates in Pakistan is increasing every year. Most of whom wish to specialize in a particular clinical field. Considering the competition faced for specialty training selection and later on for job placement, it is suggested that these young graduates should explore some alternative careers as well. Opportunities can be availed and decision made based on graduates' personal interest, preference to work in Pakistan or abroad, and availability of suitable employment in local and international hospitals among other factors. Careers in the basic medical sciences, medical education, medical research, medical writing and bioethics can be considered, too. There are very few trained professionals in these fields in Pakistan and once trained, these young doctors will hopefully find rewarding employment. PMID:26876404

  3. Relation of success and nontraditional career choice to selection for dating and friendship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Usha; Pfost, Karen S; House, Alvin E; Pierson, Eric

    2010-08-01

    Women who succeed in traditionally male-dominated fields have previously been found to experience lower social acceptance, both from men in romantic contexts and from women in platonic contexts. The present study examined whether such preferences continue to exist. Participants were 256 university students (110 men, 146 women) with an average age of 21.4 yr. (SD = 3.6). They answered the Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Modern Sexism Scale and also responded to four descriptions of stimulus persons which represented the variables of traditional versus nontraditional field and successful versus nondescribed academic performance. Results indicated that men preferred to date women in traditional careers (independent of their success). This finding was unrelated to men's scores on sex role orientation or egalitarianism and sexism. However, in platonic relationships, women favored women in nontraditional careers as friends. PMID:20923062

  4. Career Pathing among General Administrative and Support Services Employees Based on Holland?s Typology of Personality Theory and Personal Style Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, Catalino N.

    2009-01-01

    The study is about the prevailing differences, commonalities and significant contributions of the career pathing among the general administrative and support services employees based on Holland's Typology of Personality Theory and Personal Style Inventory of selected higher educational institutions in Metro Manila.

  5. Social Reproduction and the Student Decision to Follow the Louisiana Career/Basic Core Diploma Path at a Large, Affluent High School in Northeastern Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittock, Tammy

    2013-01-01

    Through this mixed-method study, the researcher investigated social reproduction in a student's decision to follow the Louisiana Career/Basic Core Diploma Path. In 2008-2009, Louisiana's cohort graduation rate was 67.3%, which was well below the national average of 75.5%, ranking Louisiana forty-sixth in the country. This rate led to the…

  6. The Use of Grounded Theory to Investigate the Role of Teacher Education on STEM Teachers' Career Paths in High-Need Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchhoff, Allison; Lawrenz, Frances

    2011-01-01

    An inductive grounded theory approach was used to investigate the role of teacher education on the career paths of 38 Noyce scholarship recipients ("scholars"), most of whom were teaching in high-need schools. The emergent research design was guided by the initial research question: "What are Noyce scholars' reasons for the decisions made on the…

  7. Indicators on Enrollment, Educational Career Paths and School Leavers at Different Stages of the Educational System: Existing Instruments, Methodological Problems, Reasons and Prospects for International Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruby, Alan; Simons, Fran

    This paper discusses the three phases of the recent and future work of the Network groups--Network 1--of the OECD/CERI International Indicators Project. Essentially, Network 1's responsibility is to develop and test "participation" indicators on enrollments, educational career paths, and school leavers at different stages of the member countries'…

  8. Business model choices and dimensions of social capital, a path to attain organizational sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Donaire, Silvia

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we study the link between business model set of choices and the way these choices and the resulting business model configuration influence its behaviour, including the consequences. In particular, we study social capital formation as a potential outcome of the business model configuration. Social capital is an important resource that might contribute to the firm sustainability. A conceptual framework is developed. In this preliminary study we have applied it to a real situati...

  9. Competence prized: program sets standards and maps out oilfield career paths for the first time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An ambitious program to address the problems of underqualified staff and staff shortages in the oil and gas industry was initiated in 1995 by the Petroleum Services Association of Canada. The intent of the program - the Petroleum Services Competency Program - was to create a labour force recognized as competent at what it does and to demonstrate to young people considering future careers that employment in the petroleum services sector could offer a rewarding career. The key strength of the PSCP is that assessment of an individual is on the job; competency assessment measures performance under working conditions with the reality, constraints, and pressures of the working environment. The program is modelled after the British National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) system. The certification database is maintained by the Petroleum Industry Training Service (PITS) which also issues the certification to successful graduates. PITS also provides training for assessors, although training for assessors is also provided by other training vendors. Auditors will monitor both assessor proficiency and equity of assessment between companies. To date certification standards for 28 occupations have been completed in the areas of pumping, wireline, trucking, well testing and well site supervision. In all cases competency standards are upgraded on a continuous basis to keep pace with advancing technology. Participation in the program is voluntary, and a certificate is not required for someone to work in the occupation. Nevertheless, official certification is the eventual goal. There is minimal government intervention. The program is strictly performance-based with no seniority or timeline used to determine worker competence; wages are not regulated or recommended through this program. The program is supported by a large number of oil companies, but like any change, it will take time to have a clear understanding of how the program benefits the entire oil and natural gas industry

  10. Dental students' motivations for their career choice: an international investigative report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du Toit, Jonathan; Jain, Sameer; Montalli, Victor; Govender, Urvashnee

    2014-04-01

    This study's aim was to investigate on an international scale the reasons why individuals are currently choosing dentistry as a career. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on a cohort of first-year dental students from thirteen countries on six continents in 2011-12 (n=711). Participants completed the Du Toit Questionnaire for Health Workers and Students, designed for this study, to disclose the reason(s) why they chose a career in dentistry. Data collected from the questionnaire were analyzed in EpiInfo version 7.1.1.14. The response rate was 89.1 percent; the respondents' average age was nineteen years; and their gender was 54 percent female and 46 percent male. The motive selected by the highest percentage (37.4 percent) was "Dentists have enough time off for family life." The second most popular motive at 36.3 percent was "I want to be a dentist who helps poor and underprivileged people." A strong relationship was found between this altruistic motive and students' having been accepted into their program by means of a personal interview or motivational essay as one of the admissions criteria (p<0.05, r(2)=0.89). This study found that the two strongest motivations for these students from around the world to seek a dental career were the flexible work schedule, leaving time for family life, and the opportunity to help those less fortunate. Dental school admissions policies that provide for review of applicants' motivations may produce dentists with stronger altruistic interest in the profession. PMID:24706691

  11. The Making of an Investment Banker: Macroeconomic Shocks, Career Choice, and Lifetime Income

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Oyer

    2006-01-01

    New graduates of elite MBA programs flock to Wall Street during bull markets and start their careers elsewhere when the stock market is weak. Given the transferability of MBA skills, it seems likely that any effect of stock returns on MBA placement would be short-lived. In this paper, I use a survey of Stanford MBAs from the classes of 1960 through 1997 to analyze the relationship between the state of the stock market at graduation, initial job placement, and long-term labor market outcomes. ...

  12. Study choice and career development in STEM fields: an overview and integration of the research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuijl, van Cathy; Walma van der Molen, Juliette H.

    2015-01-01

    Although science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) study paths and STEM work fields may be relatively difficult and therefore not appropriate for everyone, too many children prematurely exclude STEM-related study and work options, based on negative images of the field or negative abili

  13. Is the intrinsic motivation of career choice important for the later professional development of teachers?

    OpenAIRE

    Marušić Milica

    2014-01-01

    The nature of teachers’ professional choice motivation has been proved important for the later professional development. The goal of the present research was to determine the role of the intrinsic motivation in the participants’ decision to become teachers, as well as to establish the importance of intrinsic motivation for their later professional development. We have conducted a quantitative research, within a sample consisted of 118 secondary school teach...

  14. The association between choice stepping reaction time and falls in older adults: a path analysis model

    OpenAIRE

    Pijnappels, Mirjam; Delbaere, Kim; Sturnieks, Daina L.; Lord, Stephen R.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: to investigate how physiological and cognitive factors mediate the association between CSRT performance and multiple falls by use of path analysis. Methods: 294 retirement-village residents, aged 62-95 years, undertook CSRT tests, requiring them to step onto one of four randomly illuminated panels, in addition to physiological and cognitive tests. Number of falls was collected during 1-year follow-up. Results: 79 participants (27%) reported two or more falls during the follow...

  15. Motivation towards career choice of Brazilian freshman students in a fifteen-year period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Maria do Carmo Matias; Jordao, Lidia Moraes Ribeiro; de Paula Ferreira, Naiara; de Fatima Nunes, Maria; Queiroz, Maria Goretti; Leles, Claudio Rodrigues

    2011-01-01

    Examining dental students' profiles and perspectives contributes to discussions concerning dental education and practice. This study aimed, first, to investigate Brazilian dental students' reasons for pursuing dentistry as an occupation and, secondly, to consider the professional expectations of freshman students at a Brazilian public university over a fifteen-year period. A cross-sectional study was performed using data from a self-administered questionnaire to all first-year students enrolled in the 1993-95 and 2006-08 periods at the Federal University of Goias, Brazil (n=376). A total of 296 students responded (response rate=78.7 percent). Frequency analysis and chi-square tests were used to compare frequencies between the two time periods. Job conception was cited as the primary reason for pursuing dentistry, and the students considered oral health promotion and oral disease prevention as the primary purposes of dentistry. Most students intended to serve both high and low socioeconomic populations and both private and public practices after graduation. The majority cited an interest in specializing in clinical fields, orthodontics being the most frequent option. Significant trends included a greater interest in health promotion and public services and specializing in aesthetic dentistry and implantology in the 2006-08 period. This study revealed significant differences in the freshman students' motivations and professional perspectives over time. Personal views and concepts about profession are major influencing factors for choosing dentistry as a career. PMID:21205736

  16. Career choice in engineering students: its relationship with motivation, satisfaction and the development of professional plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iciar Pablo-Lerchundi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a university degree is a relevant process for the personal, social and economic development. This study was designed to explore the students' choice for technical degrees. It is centered on the relationship between the quality of their choice and their motivation, satisfaction and development of professional plans. The inquiry involved an incidental sample of 89 students from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM in Architecture, Computer Sciences and Forestry Engineering. After the analysis of the ad hoc adapted inventory, descriptive data and the results concerning dependence between the variables considered (analyzed with Pearson's chi-squared test are presented. Non-parametric tests were used to asses differences on satisfaction by gender and degree studied. Results show dependence between the students' motivation and satisfaction, and the later and their professional plans' content. Gender and degree are also dependent with professional plans' temporality, as well as degree with their structure. No significant differences were found for the means in satisfaction.

  17. Gender, Families, and Science: Influences on Early Science Training and Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Sandra L.

    This research examines the effects of gender and a number of family experiences on young people's chances of going into postsecondary science training and science occupations in the years immediately following high school. Data came from the nationally representative, longitudinal High School and Beyond survey. Results show that gender plays a significant role in choices involving early science training and occupations - especially training. Amongst young men and women with comparable resources and qualifications, young women are less likely to make the science choice. The family experiences and expectations examined here are not a major factor in understanding gender differences in access to science training and occupations. Although much of the literature describes the domains of science and of family as being at odds, results from this research suggest that family experiences play a rather minimal role in predicting who will enter science training or occupations in the early post-high school years. When family variables do have an effect, they are not always negative and the nature of the effect varies by the time in the life cycle that the family variable is measured, by type of family experience (orientation vs. procreation), by outcome (science major vs. science occupation), and by gender.

  18. Research on the Relationship between Little Village Official’s Career Choice and Human Capital,Social Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guili; ZHONG

    2015-01-01

    The career planning plays an important role in little village official’s development. The study uses stata SE12 statistical software based on the sample survey of little village official in China. And it studies the relationships of human capital,social capital and career planning of little village official. It shows that:( i) After the village work,to be civil servant is the preferred way for little village official,and the female and unmarried choosing this are more than others. The probability of taking the civil service exam diminishes with age,but increases with the increasing human capital and social capital.( ii) Working in institution is the second choice of little village official. The female,married and older have greater proportion than the others. The trend is diminishing with increased human capital and social capital.( iii) The male,married,older,or little village officials employed by provincial government or working in the central and western regions of China choosing to be selected as township deputies are more than others.( iv) The married and older would like to remain in office,but this probability diminishes with the increased human capital and social capital.( v) The male,older,or the little village official working in the central region,employed by municipal government and employed by county government would like to start up their own businesses.( vi) Few of them choose their jobs by themselves,continue further education,or choose enterprise work and social work. There are more little village officials graduating from " 985 project" or " 211 project" universities choosing to work in enterprises.

  19. Step out the Paradox of Livable City Studies:Conceptual Model and Path Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on a comparative analysis on the concepts and standards of livable city in China and abroad,the paper creates a conceptual model and a fundamental formula for livable city development with economic development as the foundation,and the social and cultural conditions,the ecological status,and the city governance as three pillars,so as to provide a theoretical explanation for the two paradoxes of livable city.The paper suggests that China should choose Path C,which combines economic development with city livability.It also analyzes the development rules of livable city under Path C,and talks about the fundamental ideas of livable city construction under the current circumstances in China.In the end,the paper puts forward related planning strategies in terms of spatial structure,ecological environment,cultural construction,transportation system,and housing system,in order to establish a livable city development model that is suitable for China’s practical conditions.

  20. 以社會認知生涯理論探討影響選擇數學職業意圖的因素 Investigating the Factors on Mathematics Career-Choice Intentions with the Social Cognitive Career Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    余民寧 Min-Ning Yu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available 本研究參考社會認知生涯理論的選擇模型與興趣模型,建立影響學生選擇數學職業意圖的因素結構關係模型圖,以Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study(簡稱TIMSS)2003 年國中生資料驗證之,試圖探究影響國中學生在選擇數學職業意圖的因素。本研究發現,在社會認知生涯理論的興趣模型方面,「數學學習興趣」受「數學結果期待」、「數學自我效能」的直接影響,而「數學成就」則是產生間接影響;至於社會認知生涯理論的選擇模型方面,「選擇數學職業意圖」受「數學結果期待」、「數學學習興趣」的直接影響,而「數學成就」、「數學自我效能」則是產生間接影響。上述潛在結構並無性別差異存在。最後,本研究亦根據研究結果,提出在教育實務應用與未來繼續研究上的建議。 The purpose of this study was to investigate impact factor on mathematics career-choice process used TIMSS dataset of Taiwan 8th grade students. The interest development model and career choice model of social cognitive career theory (SCCT used to establish a latent variable model. The results showed, concerning interest development model, math outcome expectations & math self-efficacy had a direct effect on math learning interests but math achievement had an indirect effect on. As to career choice model, math outcome expectations & math learning interests had a direct effect on math career-choice intentions but math achievement & math self-efficacy had an indirect effect on. The above-mentioned hadn’t sex differences in math career choice process. Finally, some conclusions and suggestions for practice applications and future researches were suggested and proposed.

  1. The historical social positioning of nursing and medicine: implications for career choice, early socialization and interprofessional collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Sheri; Doucet, Shelley; Hall, Linda McGillis

    2014-03-01

    For almost half a century, research has identified that effective teamwork is essential in order to enhance care provision and health outcomes for patients. Although the value of teamwork is well-recognized in healthcare, the historically rooted dynamics of workplace relationships create a myriad of challenges to creating collaborative teams. Understanding the history of interpersonal dynamics between health professionals can provide direction for future interprofessional education and collaboration strategies. The aim of this paper is to provide a historical overview of the social positioning of nursing and medicine in the context of interprofessional collaboration. Few professions work as closely as nursing and medicine. Despite the well-recognized benefits of interprofessional collaboration, these two professions are often socially positioned in opposition to one another and depicted as adversarial. This analysis will seek to advance our understanding of the historical roots between these two professions and their relationships with and among each other in relation to career choice, early socialization and patient care delivery. An exploration of the historical social positioning of nursing and medicine can provide an enhanced understanding of the barriers to interprofessional collaboration and inform future successes in interprofessional education and practice among all health and social care professions. PMID:24397599

  2. Influencing Factors and Path Choice of Rebuilding Rural Financial Supervision System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The necessity of rebuilding Chinese rural financial supervision system is expounded. Rebuilding rural financial supervision system is conducive to normalizing rural financial order and forming the benign competitive situation; to clarifying the role played by rural financial organization and providing better financial services for "three agriculture";to forming safe rural financial environment to promote the development of rural economy and national economy. The restricting factors of rebuilding Chinese rural financial supervision system are analyzed. The major reasons are that rural financial legislation is relatively backward and the supervision department lacks the necessary legal basis. The administrative supervision is insufficient, which lead to the mal-position, administrative offside and vacancy of rural financial supervision;rural financial organization mechanism is unreasonable and the internal supervision mechanism is relatively bad;supervision organization of rural financial industry is imperfect and the function is imperfect; public’s supervision awareness is weak and social supervision mechanism develops slowly. The paths for rebuilding Chinese rural financial supervision system are put forward including accelerating rural financial legislation to provide perfect legal evidence for rural financial supervision system; clarifying the position on governmental functions and fully displaying the leading role of rural financial supervision; establishing specialized rural financial supervision organization to perfect its supervision functions; vigorously cultivating people’s supervision awareness to promote the development of social supervision mechanism.

  3. System analysis and path choice for modem agricultural development: a case study of Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhai Rongxin; Liu Yansui

    2009-01-01

    From the view of.system theory,modern agriculture in a region embodies elements conformitv,structure optimization,multi-functionality and sustainable development.This paper first expounds on the relationship among agricultural elements,structure,function and development theoretically,compartmentalizes agriculture types based on human-land elements matching,and depicts the development path of agricultural multi-functionality.It shows that the matching of human-land elements is a key to agricultural types,and the multi:functionality is an indication of agricultural development stages.At last,as a case study of Suzhou in easteru coastal area,the paper analyzes the evolvement situation and developing mechanism and some typical models of modern agriculture which suit to agriculture system evolvement.The results show that in Suzhou the agriculture productivity has improved greatly,And along with the agriculture structure optimizing,agriculture function has translated from "production " to "nonproduction and production ".With simulation of agricultural trend in Suzhou,it is found that Suzhou has a LP,dependence (labor productivity) on agricultural element,so Suzhou will has much more potential in land productivity.Based on the above analysis on agricultural system,some typical patterns on modern agriculture in Suzhou are brought up,such as export-oriented agriculture,enterprises-leading agriculture,science and technology parks agriculture,stereoscopic agriculture,and tourism and sightseeing agriculture.

  4. The relationship of parental influence on student career choice of biology and non-biology majors enrolled in a freshman biology course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowell, Mitzie Leigh

    Recent declines in science literacy and inadequate numbers of individuals entering science careers has heightened the importance of determining why students major in science or do not major in science and then choose a science-related career. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parental influences and student career choices of both males and females majoring and not majoring in science. This study specifically examined the constructs of parental occupation, parental involvement, and parental education levels. Aspects indicated by the participants as being influencers were also examined. In addition, differences between males and females were examined. A total of 282 students participated in the study; 122 were science majors and 160 were non-science majors. The data was collected through the use of a student information survey and the Modified Fennema-Sherman Attitude Scale. The findings suggest that students indicated the desire to help others, peers, salary, and skills as influencing their career choice. In regard to the various parental influences, mother's occupation was the only construct found as a statistically significant influencer on a student's decision to major in science. The results of this study can help educators, administrators, and policy makers understand what influences students to pursue science-related careers and possibly increase the number of students entering science-related careers. The results of the study specifically provide information that may prove useful to administrators and educators in the health science fields, particularly nursing fields. The findings provide insight into why students may choose to become nurses.

  5. 高校辅导员职业成长路径探究%The Probe into the Career Growth Path of the College Counselors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雨

    2012-01-01

    The paper takes the professional roles and occupational characteristics of college counselors as a starting point to explore the university counselors' career growth path, which can be divided into four stages- the adaptation stage, the establishment of career awareness and career planning; the maturity stage, the enrichment of professional knowledge and the improvement of occupational skills;the breakthrough stage, innovation and formation of a unique professional style; and the stability stage, job stutisfaction and career pround.%以高校辅导员职业角色与职业特性为切入点,探讨高校辅导员职业成长路径。高校辅导员职业成长路径可分为四个阶段:适应阶段,建立职业认知与职业生涯规划;成熟阶段,丰富职业知识、提升职业技能;突破阶段:敢于创新,形成独特的职业作风;稳定阶段,以职业为乐,以职业为荣。

  6. Career Exploration among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Nadya A.; Ghosh, Arpita; Chang, Wen-hsin; Figueiredo, Catia; Bachhuber, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    College is a significant time for undergraduates to declare majors and choose career paths. For many undergraduates, choosing both a major and a career path is challenging. Research shows that many universities deliver career interventions through dedicated career decision-making courses (Mead & Korschgen, 1994). However, there has been…

  7. Exploring Careers. Office Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

    "Exploring Careers" is a career education resource program, published in fifteen separate booklets, for junior high school-age students. It provides information about the world of work and offers its readers a way of learning about themselves and relating that information to career choices. The publications aim to build career awareness by means…

  8. The Changing Paths in Academic Careers in European Universities: Minor Steps and Major Milestones (CPP RPS 50/2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiek, Marek; Antonowicz, Dominik

    2013-01-01

    The academic career in Europe used to be much more unstructured and much less competitive than today. Currently, as reflected in interviews carried out throughout Europe, “each step in a career is competitive“ (CH_18-MAN), from doctoral and postdoctoral to junior academic and senior academic positions. There are significant variations across the European countries studied regarding the level of competition, often different in different places occupied in the academic hierarchy. But increasing...

  9. Public Librarians with the Highest Retention Rate are More Likely to Choose their Entire Career Path in Public Libraries. A Review of: Noh, Y. (2010. A study analyzing the career path of librarians. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 36(4, 329–346.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazi Torabi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives – The main objectives of this study were the following:• to analyze the career path and career movement of librarians in Korea• to identify and compare factors influencing the career movement path of chief librarians in public libraries and other librarians• to determine library positions’ turnover rates, average career retention, career reinstatement, proximity between careers, and proximity between different librariesDesign – Survey questionnaire.Setting – One survey conducted in college libraries, public libraries, special libraries, school libraries, and library-related service providers in Korea, and another in public libraries in Korea, targeting chief librarians only.Subjects – Librarians were identified from the 2008 Korean Library Yearbook published by the Korean Library Association. Also, more survey recipients in the ‘other category’ were identified through Internet search, directory search, and library ads. A total of 816 librarians participated in the survey. The breakdowns of participants based on the type of library they were working at are the following:First survey:• 282 Public librarians• 268 University librarians• 24 Special librarians• 25 School librarians• 15 Other librariansSecond survey:• 202 Chief librarians at public librariesMethods – A total of 2179 questionnaires were distributed twice in May 2009 via mail to different libraries. Postage paid envelopes were provided. A phone call reminder was made to increase the response rate. 614 copies were returned. The total response rate for the survey was 28.18%. The highest response rate was from academic libraries with a total of 37.17% (Table 2 in the article. Six hundred and forty three copies of the questionnaire were sent out to chief librarians and the response rate was 31.42%. The SAS statistical package was used for conducting statistical analysis of the data. The content areas covered in the two questionnaires are listed

  10. Which Are My Future Career Priorities and What Influenced My Choice of Studying Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics? Some Insights on Educational Choice--Case of Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerinsek, Gregor; Hribar, Tina; Glodez, Natasa; Dolinsek, Slavko

    2013-01-01

    This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to…

  11. Career Choices by Biologists: A Case Study of Destinations of Graduates in Marine Biology and Zoology, 1986-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Margaret E.; Golding, David W.

    2001-01-01

    Reports on a study tracking marine biologists' and zoologists' employment status between the years of 1986 and 1998. Suggests that despite the increase in university class sizes, able and well-trained biologists enjoy good career prospects. (Author/YDS)

  12. 个性发展与职业选择互动关系的思考%P hilosophical Thinking on Interaction Between P ersonality Development and Career Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶琛

    2015-01-01

    个性发展与职业选择是辩证统一的,它们因个人实践在社会中呈现互动态势。其互动模式为“圆圈式”互动:选择———实践———发展。二者的互动表现为职业选择为个性发展创造条件,个性发展推动职业选择优化及人生价值实现。%Personality development and career choice are a dialectical unity, which due to personal practice presents the interactions between them in society. Its interactive model is the “circle”: choice, practice, and development. The interactive performances in career choices create conditions for personality development and in turn personality development promotes optimal career choice and the achievement of the life value.

  13. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher…

  14. Choices, choices, choices ...

    OpenAIRE

    Duca, Edward

    2013-01-01

    Taking the right decision can be a very challenging and daunting process. Designing a mobile phone, a make up case or even a pipe needs engineering teams to continuously make important choices frequently. http://www.um.edu.mt/think/choices-choices-choices/

  15. The Possible Role of Resource Requirements and Academic Career-Choice Risk on Gender Differences in Publication Rate and Impact

    CERN Document Server

    Duch, Jordi; Sales-Pardo, Marta; Radicchi, Filippo; Otis, Shayna; Woodruff, Teresa K; Amaral, Luis A Nunes; 10.1371/journal.pone.0051332

    2012-01-01

    Many studies demonstrate that there is still a significant gender bias, especially at higher career levels, in many areas including science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated field-dependent, gender-specific effects of the selective pressures individuals experience as they pursue a career in academia within seven STEM disciplines. We built a unique database that comprises 437,787 publications authored by 4,292 faculty members at top United States research universities. Our analyses reveal that gender differences in publication rate and impact are discipline-specific. Our results also support two hypotheses. First, the widely-reported lower publication rates of female faculty are correlated with the amount of research resources typically needed in the discipline considered, and thus may be explained by the lower level of institutional support historically received by females. Second, in disciplines where pursuing an academic position incurs greater career risk, female faculty ten...

  16. Career Links: Awakening Awareness to Factors Linking Educational Choice to Occupational Interests. Final Report, 1982-83.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Project Link Educational Center, Newark, NJ.

    A program in career linkages was conducted at Project Link Educational Center to bring the students to greater self-awareness in terms of their personal qualities, abilities, interests, and determinations and to express and examine these in relation to their occupational interests and goals. (Project Link Educational Center is a tuition-free,…

  17. Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory to Predict Interests and Choice Goals in Statistics among Spanish Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Angeles

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the usefulness of social cognitive career theory--SCCT (Lent, Brown, and Hackett, 1994) in predicting interests and goals relating to statistics among psychology students. The participants were 1036 Spanish students who completed measurements of statistics-related mastery experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations,…

  18. Testing a Social Cognitive Model of Career Choice Development within the Context of a Minority Teacher Recruitment Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffner, Monika; Jepsen, David A.

    This study tested various aspects of the social cognitive career theory (SCCT) suggested by Lent, et al. (1994), addressing whether these constructs could be modeled using data from adolescents participating in a minority teacher recruitment program for urban and rural at-risk minority students. The study hypothesized that self-efficacy and…

  19. Factors Influencing the Educational and Career Choices of Senior High School Students: A Case Study in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    La, Thuy T.

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory qualitative study examined factors that could influence the educational and career decision-making of the senior students in the Northern part of Vietnam. The researcher was interested in the students and their parents' perceptions of the contextual factors, gender, individual factors, and the challenges that contribute to the…

  20. Radiation oncology career decision variables for graduating trainees seeking positions in 2003-2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Radiation oncology trainees must consider an array of variables when deciding upon an academic or private practice career path. This prospective evaluation of the 2004 graduating radiation oncology trainees, evaluates such variables and provides additional descriptive data. Methods: A survey that included 15 questions (one subjective, eleven categorical, and 3 continuous variables) was mailed to the 144 graduating radiation oncology trainees in United States programs in January of 2004. Questions were designed to gather information regarding factors that may have influenced career path choices. The responses were anonymous, and no identifying information was sought. Survey data were collated and analyzed for differences in both categorical and continuous variables as they related to choice of academic or private practice career path. Results: Sixty seven (47%) of the surveys were returned. Forty-five percent of respondents indicated pursuit of an academic career. All respondents participated in research during training with 73% participating in research publication authorship. Post graduate year-3 was the median in which career path was chosen, and 20% thought that a fellowship position was 'perhaps' necessary to secure an academic position. Thirty percent of the respondents revealed that the timing of the American Board of Radiology examination influenced their career path decision. Eighteen variables were offered as possibly influencing career path choice within the survey, and the top five identified by those seeking an academic path were: (1) colleagues, (2) clinical research, (3) teaching, (4) geography, (5) and support staff. For those seeking private practice, the top choices were: (1) lifestyle, (2) practice environment, (3) patient care, (4) geography, (5) colleagues. Female gender (p = 0.064), oral meeting presentation (p = 0.053), and international meeting presentation (p 0.066) were the variables most significantly associated with pursuing an

  1. Learning style versus time spent studying and career choice: Which is associated with success in a combined undergraduate anatomy and physiology course?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farkas, Gary J; Mazurek, Ewa; Marone, Jane R

    2016-01-01

    The VARK learning style is a pedagogical focus in health care education. This study examines relationships of course performance vs. VARK learning preference, study time, and career plan among students enrolled in an undergraduate anatomy and physiology course at a large urban university. Students (n = 492) from the fall semester course completed a survey consisting of the VARK questionnaire, gender, academic year, career plans, and estimated hours spent per week in combined classroom and study time. Seventy-eight percent of students reported spending 15 or fewer hours per week studying. Study time and overall course score correlated significantly for the class as a whole (r = 0.111, P = 0.013), which was mainly due to lecture (r = 0.118, P = 0.009) performance. No significant differences were found among students grouped by learning styles. When corrected for academic year, overall course scores (mean ± SEM) for students planning to enter dentistry, medicine, optometry or pharmacy (79.89 ± 0.88%) were significantly higher than those of students planning to enter physical or occupational therapies (74.53 ± 1.15%; P = 0.033), as well as nurse/physician assistant programs (73.60 ± 1.3%; P = 0.040). Time spent studying was not significantly associated with either learning style or career choice. Our findings suggest that specific career goals and study time, not learning preferences, are associated with better performance among a diverse group of students in an undergraduate anatomy and physiology course. However, the extent to which prior academic preparation, cultural norms, and socioeconomic factors influenced these results requires further investigation. PMID:26301828

  2. The possible role of resource requirements and academic career-choice risk on gender differences in publication rate and impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xiaohan; Duch, Jordi; Sales-Pardo, Marta; Radicchi, Filippo; Otis, Shayna; Woodruff, Teresa; Amaral, Luis

    2013-03-01

    Many studies demonstrate that there is still a significant gender bias, especially at higher career levels, in many areas including science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated field-dependent, gender-specific effects of the selective pressures individuals experience as they pursue a career in academia within seven STEM disciplines. We built a unique database that comprises 437,787 publications authored by 4,292 faculty members at top United States research universities. Our analyses reveal that gender differences in publication rate and impact are discipline-specific. Our results also support two hypotheses. First, the widely-reported lower publication rates of female faculty are correlated with the amount of research resources typically needed in the discipline considered, and thus may be explained by the lower level of institutional support historically received by females. Second, in disciplines where pursuing an academic position incurs greater career risk, female faculty tend to have a greater fraction of higher impact publications than males. Our findings have significant, field-specific, policy implications for achieving diversity at the faculty level within the STEM disciplines. L. A. N. Amaral gratefully acknowledges the support of NSF awards SBE 0624318 and 0830388, and ThomsonReuters for access to the WoS data. J. Duch and M. Sales-Pardo's work have been partially supported by the Spanish DGICYT under project FIS2010-18639.

  3. The possible role of resource requirements and academic career-choice risk on gender differences in publication rate and impact.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Duch

    Full Text Available Many studies demonstrate that there is still a significant gender bias, especially at higher career levels, in many areas including science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM. We investigated field-dependent, gender-specific effects of the selective pressures individuals experience as they pursue a career in academia within seven STEM disciplines. We built a unique database that comprises 437,787 publications authored by 4,292 faculty members at top United States research universities. Our analyses reveal that gender differences in publication rate and impact are discipline-specific. Our results also support two hypotheses. First, the widely-reported lower publication rates of female faculty are correlated with the amount of research resources typically needed in the discipline considered, and thus may be explained by the lower level of institutional support historically received by females. Second, in disciplines where pursuing an academic position incurs greater career risk, female faculty tend to have a greater fraction of higher impact publications than males. Our findings have significant, field-specific, policy implications for achieving diversity at the faculty level within the STEM disciplines.

  4. Paths of Research on Intergenerational Career Mobility and the Latest Progress%职业代际流动研究路径与最新进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁岩

    2012-01-01

    职业代际流动研究作为社会分层与流动研究的一个重要分支领域,近年来随着社会流动理论与研究方法的不断发展,许多新的数理统计方法被引入到研究当中。从社会流动的三种研究路径出发,对各理论学派进行了分类与比较,对职业代际流动实证研究的历史发展脉络进行了梳理,总结了中国职业代际流动研究的最新成果。进一步的研究要在借鉴西方研究成果的基础上,充分考虑中国独特的社会性因素,积极探索职业代际流动的作用机制,增加理论解释力以及模型的适用性。%The intergenerational career mobility research is an important research branch of the social stratification and mobility.In recent years,with the continuous development of theories and research methods in the social mobility research field,a lot of new statistical methods are introduced into this field.Based on three types of research paths,this study classifies and compares the theories of social mobility,makes comments on the historical development of the empirical research about the intergenerational career mobility,and summarizes the latest progress in the intergenerational career mobility research of China.Further research should absorb the achievements of western research.On the basis of full consideration of the Chinese unique social factors,we will actively explore the function mechanism of the intergenerational career mobility,so as to increase the explanatory power of the theory and the applicability of the model.

  5. Social cognitive model of career self-management: toward a unifying view of adaptive career behavior across the life span.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lent, Robert W; Brown, Steven D

    2013-10-01

    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) currently consists of 4 overlapping, segmental models aimed at understanding educational and occupational interest development, choice-making, performance and persistence, and satisfaction/well-being. To this point, the theory has emphasized content aspects of career behavior, for instance, prediction of the types of activities, school subjects, or career fields that form the basis for people's educational/vocational interests and choice paths. However, SCCT may also lend itself to study of many process aspects of career behavior, including such issues as how people manage normative tasks and cope with the myriad challenges involved in career preparation, entry, adjustment, and change, regardless of the specific educational and occupational fields they inhabit. Such a process focus can augment and considerably expand the range of the dependent variables for which SCCT was initially designed. Building on SCCT's existing models, we present a social cognitive model of career self-management and offer examples of the adaptive, process behaviors to which it can be applied (e.g., career decision making/exploration, job searching, career advancement, negotiation of work transitions and multiple roles). PMID:23815631

  6. The Roles of Negative Career Thinking and Career Problem-Solving Self-Efficacy in Career Exploratory Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock-Yowell, Emily; Katz, Sheba P.; Reardon, Robert C.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2012-01-01

    The respective roles of social cognitive career theory and cognitive information processing in career exploratory behavior were analyzed. A verified path model shows cognitive information processing theory's negative career thoughts inversely predict social cognitive career theory's career problem-solving self-efficacy, which predicts career…

  7. An assessment of the impact of science experiences on the career choices of male and female biology students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahle, Jane Butler; Matyas, Marsha Lakes; Cho, Hee-Hyung

    Earlier studies of gender differences in science courses and careers have identified three probable causes: numbers of mathematics courses, level of science achievement, and attitudes toward science. Recently, differential science experiences have been suggested as a factor contributing to the gender differences found in science interest and achievement. A study of science activities, both within and outside of school, has been conducted. Although both boys and girls report similar classroom experiences, boys more often than girls report extracurricular science activities. The findings suggest that equal experiences within science classrooms do not overcome the advantage that boys hold due to more extracurricular science activities. Increased experiences in science, however, have led to more positive attitudes toward science among the girls in this study.

  8. Protean career: perspectives of study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Litvinova Ye.Yu.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes different approaches to study of models of constructing the employment career in current environment. The changes having taken place in interrelationsbetween employees and organizations over recent 15 years led to changes in their mutual expectations including the ones concerning the career development. Boundaryless career based on career mobility and protean career based on subjective understanding of career success are regarded as alternatives to traditional careers. The main attributes of “new careers” are: an increased independence in employee-organization dyads, low level of mutual obligations, freedom of choice, self-actualization, priority of career loyalty and self-management in contrast to organization loyalty. Changes in career conceptualizing inevitably led to revision of career competences. Traditional professional competences give way to career meta-competences like adaptiveness, capacity for education, self-management, taking responsibility. At the same time empirical studies displaya prematurity of statements about the expressed loss of interest to traditional careers.

  9. Influência do desempenho educacional na escolha da profissão The influence of educational performance on the choice of career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Nogueira Gramani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo estuda a influência do desempenho em Matemática na educação básica na escolha de carreiras no ensino superior. A análise, em duas fases, calcula, na primeira delas, uma eficiência relativa educacional em Matemática para cada unidade da federação, utilizando os dados do Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Básica e do Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio. Na segunda fase, correlaciona essa eficiência com a procura por cursos no vestibular. Se a correlação for forte e positiva, pode-se dizer que o estado com maior eficiência educacional em Matemática apresenta maior procura por esse curso. Os resultados mostram que os estados com maior eficiência em relação à Matemática também são aqueles onde os estudantes escolhem as carreiras mais diretamente ligadas a ela, em especial as engenharias. Outro resultado, e mais preocupante, sugere que as carreiras relativas à formação de professores na área de exatas, como Física e Matemática, são mais procuradas em estados com menor eficiência em Matemática.This article addresses the influence of Mathematics performance in basic education on the choice of career in higher education. In Phase 1, this two-phase analysis calculates a relative educational efficiency in mathematics for each Unit of the Federation (i.e. State, using data from the Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Básica [National Basic Education System], and the Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio [National Secondary Education Exam]. Phase two correlates this efficiency with demand for courses at university entrance. If there is a strong positive association, it can be stated that the State with greatest educational efficiency in mathematics has a greater demand for this course. Results show that the most efficient States in relation to Mathematics are also those where students choose careers more closely related to mathematics, especially various types of engineering courses. Another more troubling

  10. Career-success scale – a new instrument to assess young physicians' academic career steps

    OpenAIRE

    Buddeberg-Fischer, B; Stamm, M.; Buddeberg, C; Klaghofer, R

    2008-01-01

    Background: Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates, a Career-Success Scale (CSS) was constructed in a sample of young physicians choosing different career paths in medicine. Furthermore the influence of personality factors, the participants' personal situation, and career related factors on their career success was investigated. Methods: 406 residents were assessed in terms of career aspired to, and their career progress. The Career-Success Sca...

  11. Career-Success Scale – A new instrument to assess young physicians' academic career steps

    OpenAIRE

    Buddeberg Claus; Stamm Martina; Buddeberg-Fischer Barbara; Klaghofer Richard

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates, a Career-Success Scale (CSS) was constructed in a sample of young physicians choosing different career paths in medicine. Furthermore the influence of personality factors, the participants' personal situation, and career related factors on their career success was investigated. Methods 406 residents were assessed in terms of career aspired to, and their career progress. The Career-Success...

  12. Path Choice of New Countryside Construction in Western Region of China under the Perspective of Ecological Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    General situation of ecological environment in western region is introduced,as well as its relationship with new countryside construction.Result shows that ecological conditions of western region not only play an important role in the achievement of new countryside construction in western region,but also directly affect the ecological safety of eastern region and the sustainable development of China.Problems in new countryside construction in western region are analyzed under the perspective of ecological environment,which are the weak concept of ecological protection,the ecological environment which needs to be improved,the difficulty in agriculture development,and the backward plan for human settlement.According to these problems,path of new countryside construction in western China is pointed out under the perspective of ecological environment,such as promoting ecological economy,developing competitive industries,speeding up spatial planning,optimizing the living environment,changing the traditional concept into scientific and rational development,and restoring the ecological environment by making use of agricultural support.

  13. Choice and Participation of Career by STEM Professionals with Sensory and Orthopedic Disabilities and the Roles of Assistive Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Heather A.

    This is a qualitative study about sources of self-efficacy and roles of assistive technologies (AT) associated with the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) choice and participation of STEM professionals and graduate students with sensory and orthopedic disabilities. People with disabilities are underrepresented in STEM, which can be traced back along the STEM pipeline to early undergraduate participation in STEM. Little research exists, however, about pathways and factors associated with successful STEM participation for people with disabilities at any point along their trajectories. Eighteen STEM professionals and graduate students with sensory and orthopedic disabilities were interviewed for this study. Sources of self-efficacy were sought from interview transcripts, as were emergent themes associated with the types, uses and roles of AT. Findings suggest that people with sensory and orthopedic disabilities weigh sources of self-efficacy differently from white males without disabilities in STEM and more like other underrepresented minorities in STEM. Social persuasions were most frequently reported and in far more detail than other sources, suggesting that this source may be most impactful in the development of self-efficacy beliefs for this group. Additionally, findings indicate that AT is critical to the successful participation of people with sensory and orthopedic disabilities in STEM at all points along their STEM pathways. Barriers center around issues of access to full engagement in mainstream STEM classrooms and out of school opportunities as well as the impact of ill-informed perceptions about the capabilities of people with disabilities held by parents, teachers and college faculty who can act as gatekeepers along STEM pathways. Gaps in disability specialists' knowledge about STEM-specific assistive technologies, especially at the college level, are also problematic. The prevalence of mainstream public school attendance reported by

  14. Career Education: Some Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herr, Edwin L.

    1973-01-01

    Career education places its emphasis on developing personal preferences and on facilitating their implementation. Therefore career education must be comprised of systematic efforts in curriculum planning, guidance, works study programs, and other experiences designed to develop choice making, planning, and employability skills in all students. (KP)

  15. Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Career Choice of College Students and Countermeasures%试析影响大学生职业选择的因素及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万毅

    2011-01-01

    The form, change, development of career choice of students is not isolated, but it is affected by many factors, and it is closely related with the entire community's political, economic, and cultural development. Dialectical materialism holds that external causes are the conditions of things changing, internal causes are the basis of things changing, and external causes become operative through internal causes. This article starts from analyzing the factors affecting the students' career choice and make a few suggestions on the career choices of college students.%大学生的职业选择其形成、变化、发展并不是孤立的,而是受到诸多因素的影响,它与整个社会的政治、经济、文化等发展密切相关.唯物辩证法认为:外因是事物变化的条件,内因是事物变化的根据,外因通过内因而起作用.本文主要从大学生职业选择的因素分析入手,对大学生进行职业选择提出几点建议.

  16. PERCEIVED CAREER DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT IN WORKPLACE CAREER PROGRAMME

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Azman; Adnan Nurrul Hayati; Bakar Rizal Abu

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to quantify the relationship between the workplace career programme, perceived career development support, and job satisfaction. The survey method was employed to gather self-reported questionnaires from employees who work at a defence-based higher learning institution in Malaysia. The outcomes of SmartPLS path model analysis showed two important findings: first, the relationship between career planning and career management was positively a...

  17. 构建民办高校辅导员生涯路径系统 ——以三江学院为例%Systematic Path to Construction of Private University and College Counselors' Career Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔读云

    2015-01-01

    It is of great significance to the development of private universities and colleges as well as the counselors working there to construct the counselors' career path system. Private colleges should follow the principles of career development, overall improvement, distributional elimination and multi-channel interoperability according to their own conditions and requirements of the development of Counselors, actively construct a career path featured by professionalism, teaching, research, management, innovation and enterprise-starting so as to push forward their development characterized by specialization, profession and expertise.%构建民办高校辅导员职业生涯路径系统对于民办高校辅导员和民办高校自身发展具有重大意义.民办高校应该根据自身实际和辅导员发展要求,遵循职业发展、整体提升、分流淘汰和多通道互通等原则,主动构建职业型、教学型、研究性、管理型、创新创业型生涯路径,以推动民办高校辅导员专业化、职业化和专家化发展.

  18. Career Planning Trends in Japanese Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Firkola, Peter

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of career planning trends in Japanese companies. Research on career development in Japan is first reviewed. Career planning practices in Japanese companies are examined. Factors influencing career planning choice are then discussed. It was found that there appears to be a change occurring in the career planning practices, specifically the shifting of responsibility for an employees' career from the employer to the employee. (JEL Classifi-cation: M12, M54

  19. Entrepreneurship as a career path

    CERN Document Server

    Knowledge Transfer group

    2016-01-01

    After a summer break, the CERN Entrepreneurship Meet-Ups (EM-Us) will start again on 23 August 2016. The meet-ups are open to all those who are interested in learning more about entrepreneurship, with or without a particular project in mind.   “The meet-ups are about connecting with the community, within CERN, but also beyond,” says Giovanni Porcellana, an EM-U enthusiast who works in the Knowledge Transfer group at CERN and is also a nuclear engineer, entrepreneur and active member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Shapers Community. “Anyone can show up; you don’t have to be a seasoned entrepreneur!” The Entrepreneurship Meet-Ups are organised every other week at CERN. For more information and to sign up to the mailing list, read more here: http://cern.ch/kt/meet-up.

  20. Reasons and motivations for the option of an engineering career in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Diana

    2011-08-01

    Towards the end of their secondary education, students face significant pressures in their decision about their career plan. These pressures are internal and external, personal and social, individual and from the reference group. This paper aims at understanding the reasons driving engineering students' choices, their perceived needs and aspirations. Moreover, it discusses how, in that process, students are constrained by family and friends and are conditioned by factors such as their socioeconomic and cultural background, employability prospects and gender. The construction of a career map/plan and the reasons and motivations for the option of an engineering career are reviewed, based on the qualitative analysis of students' discourses. The data indicate the relevance of several criteria such as social status, intelligence, gender, competences, values and interests in the construction of career aspirations. All these levels are highly influenced by self-esteem, which is closely related to the social value of training options and career paths.

  1. Asian American Career Development: A Qualitative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Nadya A.; Kantamneni, Neeta; Smothers, Melissa K.; Chen, Yung-Lung; Fitzpatrick, Mary; Terry, Sarah

    2008-01-01

    This study used a modified version of consensual qualitative research design to examine how contextual, cultural, and personal variables influence the career choices of a diverse group of 12 Asian Americans. Seven domains of influences on career choices emerged including family, culture, external factors, career goals, role models, work values,…

  2. Career Education and the Lifestyle Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoddard, Lucille T.

    1978-01-01

    According to the author, business educators should help students make career choices by developing "life style" and "work style" concepts which would blend personal values and careers into a congruent state. (MF)

  3. The Reality of "New" Careers for Men and for Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackah, Carol; Heaton, Norma

    2004-01-01

    The research for this paper focused on the career paths and career progression of men and women in management occupations. The study set out to explore the extent to which the traditional career has been replaced by the so-called "boundaryless" career. In particular it sought to establish whether such new career patterns have been more readily…

  4. Challenges Facing Early Career Academic Cardiologists

    OpenAIRE

    Tong, Carl W.; Ahmad, Tariq; Brittain, Evan L.; Bunch, T. Jared; Damp, Julie B.; Dardas, Todd; Hijar, Amalea; Hill, Joseph A.; Hilliard, Anthony A.; Houser, Steven R.; Jahangir, Eiman; Kates, Andrew M.; Kim, Darlene; Lindman, Brian R.; Ryan, John J.

    2014-01-01

    Early-career academic cardiologists currently face unprecedented challenges that threaten a highly valued career path. A team consisting of early career professionals and senior leadership members of American College of Cardiology (ACC) completed this white paper to inform the cardiovascular medicine profession regarding the plight of early career cardiologists and to suggest possible solutions. This paper includes: (1) definition of categories of early career academic cardiologists, (2) gene...

  5. Long-term Academic and Career Impacts of Undergraduate Research: Diverse Pathways to Geoscience Careers Following a Summer Atmospheric Science Research Internship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trott, C. D.; Sample McMeeking, L. B.; Boyd, K.; Bowker, C.

    2015-12-01

    Research experiences for undergraduates (REU) have been shown to support the success of STEM undergraduates through improving their research skills, ability to synthesize knowledge, and personal and professional development, all while socializing them into the nature of science. REUs are further intended to support STEM career choice and professional advancement, and have thus played a key role in diversity efforts. Recruiting and retaining diverse students in STEM through REUs is of particular importance in the geosciences, where women and ethnic minorities continue to be significantly underrepresented. However, few studies have examined the long-term impacts of these REUs on students' academic and career trajectories. Further, those that do exist primarily study the experiences of current graduate students, scientists, and faculty members—that is, those who have already persisted—which overlooks the multiple academic and career paths REU students might follow and may preclude a thorough examination of REUs' diversity impacts. In this long-term retrospective study of the academic and career impacts of a REU program at a large Western U.S. research university, we interviewed 17 former REU participants on their expectations prior to their REU participation, their experiences during the REU, the immediate outcomes from the experience, and its long-term impacts on their academic and career choices. To address gaps in the existing literature on REU impacts, we purposively sampled students who have taken a variety of educational and career paths, including those not engaged in science research. Despite varied trajectories, the majority of the students we interviewed have persisted in the geosciences and attest to the REU's profound impact on their career-related opportunities and choices. This presentation describes students' diverse STEM pathways and discusses how students' REU expectations, experiences, and immediate outcomes continued to make an impact long-term.

  6. Perceived Barriers to Career Development in the Context of Social Cognitive Career Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindley, Lori D.

    2005-01-01

    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) is a complex and extensively researched theory of career choice and performance. Relationships among several key variables of SCCT, including self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and perceived barriers, and their relationships to career choice were investigated. Contrary to prediction, outcome expectations for…

  7. Authentic Science Experiences as a Vehicle to Change Students' Orientations toward Science and Scientific Career Choices: Learning from the Path Followed by Brad

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Eijck, Michiel; Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2009-01-01

    Bringing a greater number of students into science is one of, if not the most fundamental goals of science education for "all", especially for heretofore-neglected groups of society such as women and Aboriginal students. Providing students with opportunities to experience how science really is enacted--i.e., "authentic science"--has been advocated…

  8. Salud/Servicios Personales. Libro del Profesor. (Health/Personal Services. Teacher's Guide). B2. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, the guide comprises the first grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. The guide covers 12 health and personal service occupations--blacksmith, television repairer, hairdresser/barber, day care worker, waitress, gas station attendant, family doctor, ambulance driver/attendant, dietician,…

  9. Ciencia Marina/Negocio y Oficina. Libro del Profesor (Marine Science/Business & Office. Teacher's Guide). B7. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, the guide comprises the sixth grade unit of a career education curriculum for migrant students. The unit covers 10 marine science, business, and office occupations: hydrographer, marine biologist, fish hatchery technician, boat builder, commercial diver, clerical worker, actuary, cashier, assistant bank manager, and computer…

  10. Servicios Publicos/Negocios Agricolas. Libro del Profesor (Public Services/Agribusiness. Teacher's Guide). B4. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, this guide comprises the third grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. The guide covers 11 jobs in the public services and agribusiness fields--nursing aide, sanitation worker, mail carrier, librarian, fire fighter, police officer, gardener, farmer, logger, miner, and forest ranger. Student…

  11. Learning Style versus Time Spent Studying and Career Choice: Which Is Associated with Success in a Combined Undergraduate Anatomy and Physiology Course?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farkas, Gary J.; Mazurek, Ewa; Marone, Jane R.

    2016-01-01

    The VARK learning style is a pedagogical focus in health care education. This study examines relationships of course performance vs. VARK learning preference, study time, and career plan among students enrolled in an undergraduate anatomy and physiology course at a large urban university. Students (n?=?492) from the fall semester course completed…

  12. Manufactura/Mercadeo y Distribucion. Libro del Profesor (Manufacturing/Marketing & Distribution. Teacher's Guide). B6. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    The guide, written in Spanish, comprises the fifth grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. The unit focuses on 11 occupations in manufacturing, marketing, and distribution: union representative, welder, machinist, assembly worker, textile designer, chemist, buyer, sales representative, accountant, commercial…

  13. Artes y Humanidades/Economia del Hogar. Libro del Profesor. (Arts & Humanities/Homemaking. Teacher's Guide). B1. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, the guide comprises the kindergarten level unit of a career education curriculum designed for migrant students. The unit focuses on 11 jobs encompassed by two occupational clusters, arts/humanities and homemaking: teacher, artist, musician, dancer, actor, puppeteer, tailor, janitor, housekeeper, waiter, and child care worker.…

  14. Perceived career development support in workplace career programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Azman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to quantify the relationship between the workplace career programme, perceived career development support, and job satisfaction. The survey method was employed to gather self-reported questionnaires from employees who work at a defence-based higher learning institution in Malaysia. The outcomes of SmartPLS path model analysis showed two important findings: first, the relationship between career planning and career management was positively and significantly correlated with job satisfaction. Second, the relationship between perceived career development support was positively and significantly correlated with job satisfaction. This finding confirms that perceived career development support does act as an important mediating variable in the relationship between workplace career programme and job satisfaction in the organizational sample. This study includes a discussion, implications, and a conclusion.

  15. The Relationship Between Junior Students' Family Social Status and Career Choice Motivation in the Global Financial Crisis: The Mediating Effect of Social Dominance Orientation%金融危机背景下家庭社会地位对大三学生择业动机的影响:社会支配倾向的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伦; 林崇德; 刘力; 杨萌

    2012-01-01

    以504名来自5所高校三年级大学本科生为被试,采用问卷法收集数据,探讨了家庭社会地位对大学生择业动机的影响。结果表明:(1)家庭社会地位对大学生内部择业动机具有显著的预测作用,家庭社会地位越高,内部择业动机越强;(2)社会支配倾向对家庭社会地位与内部择业动机之间的关系起中介作用,家庭社会地位通过社会支配倾向对内部择业动机产生间接影响;(3)未发现家庭社会地位、社会支配倾向与外部择业动机之间的显著相关。%The issue of college students' employment has been a hot topic in China and beyond. The 2008 global financial crisis has made the things worse. However, it is not infrequent that in order to seek a better job, some of the college students even prefer not to get employed. Therefore, it is of theoretical significance and practical importantce to explore their career choice motivation as well as its influencing factors. Some researchers found that college students' career values and motivation were influenced by their family back- ground ; meanwhile, other researches indicated that the differences in social status often led to the discrepancies of social dominance orientation, which in turn, affected individuals' career choice. Based on these findings, the present study was to investigate the relation- ship between college students' family social status and their career choice motivation in the global financial crisis, and to examine the mediating role of social dominance orientation between the two. We hypothesized that college students' family social status affected their career choice motivation, and their social dominance orientation played a mediating role in the relationship between the two. The present study tested the hypotheses using the method of questionnaire survey. A total of 504 undergraduates from five universi- ties participated in this survey. The

  16. Mentoring the next generation of physician-scientists in Japan: A cross-sectional survey of mentees in six academic medical centers Career choice, professional education and development

    OpenAIRE

    Sakushima, Ken; Mishina, Hiroki; Fukuhara, Shunichi; Sada, Kenei; Koizumi, Junji; Sugioka, Takashi; Kobayashi, Naoto; Nishimura, Masaharu; Mori, Junichiro; Makino,Hirofumi; Feldman, Mitchell D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Physician-scientists play key roles in biomedical research across the globe, yet prior studies have found that it is increasingly difficult to recruit and retain physician-scientists in research careers. Access to quality research mentorship may help to ameliorate this problem in the U.S., but there is virtually no information on mentoring in academic medicine in Japan. We conducted a survey to determine the availability and quality of mentoring relationships for trainee physician...

  17. Impact of Mathematics and Science Instructional Practices, Curriculum and Academic Achievement to the Career Choice of Laboratory School Graduates of University of Rizal System-Morong

    OpenAIRE

    Nancy Talavera Pascual

    2014-01-01

    School institutions’ thrust is to produce quality graduates who will play significant roles in the development of the community, the society and the economy. With the idea that schools influence students in many aspect and ways, the study attempted to determine if the curriculum and instructional practices employed by a school which serves as a clinical experience and practice sites for pre-service teachers and experimental teaching activities, known as a laboratory school, affect the career...

  18. News Report: The career paths of physics graduates Education: Network day to hold workshops for teaching ideas Experiments: PhysHOME brings innovators together Meeting: Physics Education Networks collaborate at WCPE Workshop: World experts in physics education meet Training: Something for everyone at SPEED 2012 Conference: Sun, cocktails and physics create a buzz at WCPE Students: The physics paralympian 2012 Forthcoming events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Report: The career paths of physics graduates Education: Network day to hold workshops for teaching ideas Experiments: PhysHOME brings innovators together Meeting: Physics Education Networks collaborate at WCPE Workshop: World experts in physics education meet Training: Something for everyone at SPEED 2012 Conference: Sun, cocktails and physics create a buzz at WCPE Students: The physics paralympian 2012 Forthcoming events

  19. The road not taken and choices in radiation oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, C Norman; Glatstein, Eli

    2010-01-01

    Accomplishments and contributions in a career in radiation oncology, and in medicine in general, involve individual choices that impact the direction of a specialty, decisions in patient care, consequences of treatment outcome, and personal satisfaction. Issues in radiation oncology include: the development and implementation of new radiation treatment technology; the use of multimodality and biologically based therapies; the role of nonradiation "energy" technologies, often by other medical specialties, including the need for quality assurance in treatment and data reporting; and the type of evidence, including appropriate study design, analysis, and rigorous long-term follow-up, that is sought before widespread implementation of a new treatment. Personal choices must weigh: the pressure from institutions-practices, departments, universities, and hospitals; the need to serve society and the underserved; the balance between individual reward and a greater mission; and the critical role of personal values and integrity, often requiring difficult and "life-defining" decisions. The impact that each of us makes in a career is perhaps more a result of character than of the specific details enumerated on one's curriculum vitae. The individual tapestry weaved by choosing the more or less traveled paths during a career results in many pathways that would be called success; however, the one path for which there is no good alternative is that of living and acting with integrity. PMID:20413638

  20. Career Development and Emerging Managerial Career Patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzeda, Maurice

    1999-01-01

    Career-motivation theory provides a new framework for managerial careers in the context of contemporary career patterns. The framework includes the concepts of career resilience, career insight, and career identity. (SK)

  1. Nursing, nutrition and physiotherapy students: career choice Estudiantes de enfermería, nutrición y fisioterapia: la elección profesional Acadêmicos de enfermagem, nutrição e fisioterapia: a escolha profissional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Sebben Ojeda

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In the perspective of career choice, entering university encompasses meanings of self-accomplishment and social status, which are permeated by concepts and ideals people construct in their lives. This study aimed to analyze regimes of truth that permeate career choice in nursing, physiotherapy and nutrition. This qualitative-descriptive study was carried out with undergraduate freshmen. Data were collected through focus groups, evaluated by discourse analysis from a Foucaultian perspective. The following themes emerged from the analysis: - career choice: crowning a process of social differentiation, - reflexes of professions' history of acknowledgement; - career choice beyond professional projects. Discourse highlights that scientific knowledge acquires status in relations of power between different professions and society and is essential that health professional education is linked to public policies that expand the participation of different professions so as to meet demands in favor of integral care.Bajo el aspecto de la elección profesional, el ingreso a la Universidad trae embutido significados de autorrealización y de status social, los cuales contienen conceptos e ideales construidos en el vivir cotidiano de las personas. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar regímenes de verdad contenidos en la elección profesional de enfermería, nutrición y fisioterapia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, de abordaje cualitativo realizado en los estudiantes que ingresan a la Graduación. La recolección de datos fue realizada en Grupos Focales, evaluados por medio del Análisis del Discurso, bajo el marco teórico de Focault. Del análisis emergieron las temáticas: Elección profesional; Coronamiento de un proceso de diferenciación social; Reflejos de la historia del reconocimiento de las profesiones; La elección profesional - más allá de proyectos profesionales. Los discursos señalan que el conocimiento científico adquiere status en las

  2. Insights on STEM Careers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wendelberger, Joanne Roth [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-11-05

    This presentation will provide career advice for individuals seeking to go beyond just having a job to building a successful career in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Careful planning can be used to turn a job into a springboard for professional advancement and personal satisfaction. Topics to be addressed include setting priorities, understanding career ladders, making tough choices, overcoming stereotypes and assumptions by others, networking, developing a professional identify, and balancing a career with family and other personal responsibilities. Insights on the transition from individual technical work to leadership will also be provided. The author will draw upon experiences gained in academic, industrial, and government laboratory settings, as well as extensive professional service and community involvement.

  3. Influência dos pais no processo de escolha profissional dos filhos: uma revisão da literatura Parental influence on their children's career choice: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Hilário de Almeida

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a reconhecida importância da família, sobretudo dos pais, no desenvolvimento vocacional do adolescente, como aponta a literatura, este estudo objetiva contribuir com uma sistematização da produção do conhecimento sobre a influência dos pais no processo de escolha da carreira de filhos adolescentes. Trata-se de um estudo ilustrativo e não representativo. O corpus de análise foi constituído por artigos, livros, teses e dissertações, encontrados em bases eletrônicas de dados e em acervos de universidades. As publicações foram sistematizadas segundo os referenciais teóricos predominantes nos textos analisados. Os resultados mostraram que, independentemente dos referenciais, a influência dos pais ocorre continuamente nos processos de interação dentro dos grupos familiares. Apesar dessa constatação, identificou-se lacuna de estudos sobre intervenções realizadas diretamente com os pais de jovens em processo de escolha da carreira no contexto brasileiro.Having in view the importance of family, chiefly parents, in adolescents' vocational development, as seen in the literature, this study aimed at contributing with a systematization of production of knowledge about the influence of parents on their adolescent children's career choice. This is an illustrative, not representative study. The corpus for analysis constituted of papers, books, theses and dissertations found in electronic data bases and university libraries. The publications were systematized according to the prevailing theoretical approaches in the analyzed texts. The results showed that, whatever the approaches are, parental influence occurs continuously in the interaction processes within family groups. Despite this observation, a lack of studies about interventions carried out directly with parents of adolescents in career-choice processes was verified to exist in the Brazilian context.

  4. How do stereotypes influence choice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaxel, Anne-Sophie

    2015-05-01

    In the study reported here, I tracked one process through which stereotypes affect choice. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) and a measurement of predecisional information distortion were used to assess the influence of the association between male gender and career on the evaluation of information related to the job performance of stereotypical targets (male) and nonstereotypical targets (female). When the IAT revealed a strong association between male gender and career and the installed leader in the choice process was a stereotypical target, decision makers supported the leader with more proleader distortion; when the IAT revealed a strong association between male gender and career and the installed leader in the choice process was a nonstereotypical target, decision makers supported the trailer with less antitrailer distortion. A stronger association between male gender and career therefore resulted in an upward shift of the evaluation related to the stereotypical target (both as a trailer and a leader), which subsequently biased choice. PMID:25749702

  5. Preparing Students for the Future: Making Career Development a Priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughey, Kenneth F.; Hughey, Judith K.

    1999-01-01

    Presents information relevant to school counseling about the implications of work changes. Outlines foundational guides for student success: improving decision making, learning about career paths, acquiring employability skills, and developing lifelong learning attitudes. Describes activities to facilitate career development. (SK)

  6. Burnout in Prospective Elementary School Teachers: Is It Related to Reasons for Choosing the Elementary School Teaching Major, Beliefs about the Teaching Career and Satisfaction with the Choice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dundar, Sahin

    2014-01-01

    The present study was carried out to examine the relationships between elementary school teacher candidates' motivations for choosing the teaching profession, beliefs about the teaching profession, satisfaction with the choice, and burnout. The study was carried out with 171 senior elementary school teacher candidates at one public university…

  7. Career Education: An Application of Latent Growth Curve Modelling to Career Information-Seeking Behaviour of School Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevlin, Mark; Millar, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in an attempt to predict longitudinal growth of career exploratory behaviour in school pupils. The importance of information for making considered career decisions is indicated in theories of career development and choice, career education programmes, and concepts of career…

  8. The Research Space: using the career paths of scholars to predict the evolution of the research output of individuals, institutions, and nations

    CERN Document Server

    Guevara, Miguel R; Aristarán, Manuel; Mendoza, Marcelo; Hidalgo, César A

    2016-01-01

    In recent years scholars have built maps of science by connecting the academic fields that cite each other, are cited together, or that cite a similar literature. But since scholars cannot always publish in the fields they cite, or that cite them, these science maps are only rough proxies for the potential of a scholar, organization, or country, to enter a new academic field. Here we use a large dataset of scholarly publications disambiguated at the individual level to create a map of science-or research space-where links connect pairs of fields based on the probability that an individual has published in both of them. We find that the research space is a significantly more accurate predictor of the fields that individuals and organizations will enter in the future than citation based science maps. At the country level, however, the research space and citations based science maps are equally accurate. These findings show that data on career trajectories-the set of fields that individuals have previously publi...

  9. Career-Success Scale – A new instrument to assess young physicians' academic career steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buddeberg Claus

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates, a Career-Success Scale (CSS was constructed in a sample of young physicians choosing different career paths in medicine. Furthermore the influence of personality factors, the participants' personal situation, and career related factors on their career success was investigated. Methods 406 residents were assessed in terms of career aspired to, and their career progress. The Career-Success Scale, consisting of 7 items, was developed and validated, addressing objective criteria of academic career advancement. The influence of gender and career aspiration was investigated by a two-factorial analysis of variance, the relationships between personality factors, personal situation, career related factors and the Career-Success Scale by a multivariate linear regression analysis. Results The unidimensional Career-Success Scale has an internal consistency of 0.76. It is significantly correlated at the bivariate level with gender, instrumentality, and all career related factors, particularly with academic career and received mentoring. In multiple regression, only gender, academic career, surgery as chosen specialty, and received mentoring are significant predictors. The highest values were observed in participants aspiring to an academic career, followed by those pursuing a hospital career and those wanting to run a private practice. Independent of the career aspired to, female residents have lower scores than their male colleagues. Conclusion The Career-Success Scale proved to be a short, reliable and valid instrument to measure career achievements. As mentoring is an independent predictor of career success, mentoring programs could be an important instrument to specifically enhance careers of female physicians in academia.

  10. Career development

    OpenAIRE

    Langerová, Aneta

    2008-01-01

    Document (1) highlights some of the important career development factors connected with self management and (2) describes proposal, preparation and execution of socio-psychological trainning session of first career development which aims to help high school students find the way to start their working career correctly.

  11. Career Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, Ellen H.

    Career education became a force for educational change in 1971 when the federal government provided the initiative and "seed" money to develop career education models in each state. The response of school systems and its implications are explored in this article. The first section focuses on the definition of career education as an outgrowth of…

  12. Transition to Large Scale Use of Hydrogen and Sustainable Energy Services and nonlinearity : Choices of technology and infrastructure under path dependence, feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Gether, Kaare

    2004-01-01

    We live in a world of becoming. The future is not given, but forms continuously in dynamic processes where path dependence plays a major role. There are many different possible futures. What we actually end up with is determined in part by chance and in part by the decisions we make. To make sound decisions we require models that are flexible enough to identify opportunities and to help us choose options that lead to advantageous alternatives. This way of thinking differs from traditional cos...

  13. Junior Doctors of Health©: an interprofessional service-learning project addressing childhood obesity and encouraging health care career choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buff, Scotty M; Gibbs, Pamella Y; Oubré, O'karsamaa L; Ariail, Jane C; Blue, Amy V; Greenberg, Raymond S

    2011-01-01

    While much literature describes programmatic success of clinical service-learning opportunities, this initiative integrates student learning across a comprehensive discipline set (Dental Medicine, Graduate Studies, Health Administration, Medicine, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, and Physician Assistant), providing preventive health education and role modeling to low-income elementary-school children. Junior Doctors of Health© (JDOH), a health education curriculum taught by Medical University of South Carolina students, addresses childhood obesity and encourages child interest in health professional (HP) and biomedical science (BS) careers. Of the 78 surveyed HP/BS students, over 80% agreed JDOH was worthwhile for their professional development, increased their appreciation and ability as an interprofessional team member, improved their understanding and interest in underserved communities, and provided them with valuable childhood-obesity prevention information. With the increased need for childhood-obesity prevention and team building among students of various health and science professions, recommendations are offered to others interested in creating or collaborating to build similar service-learning initiatives. PMID:21927772

  14. CAREER EDUCATION IN A GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOL: CAREER EXPECTATIONS OF SENIOR FORM PUPILS

    OpenAIRE

    Jegelevičienė, Violeta; Merfeldaitė, Odeta; Railienė, Asta

    2016-01-01

    Career education is to be analysed as the factor of lifelong learning which promotes engagement, the adaption of labour force to the conditions of the market, entrepreneurship. It is the process of the acquisition and development  of  career competences  which enables a person to manage his career. appropriate career choices, which have been made, have a great influence over person‘s successful socialisation. Career expectations, their analysis is a part of career planning which is oriented t...

  15. Occupation Maturity, Career Preparation and Career Choice:Key Words for College Junior Student Development%职业成熟度、职业准备与职业选择:大学三年级学生发展的主题词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨钋; 范皑皑; 徐薇

    2015-01-01

    第三年是大学生职业规划和升学准备的关键一年。通过对2013年度首都高校本专科三年级学生追踪调查数据的分析,本文得到了以下发现:第一,人文专业、“211”高校、女性、高家庭社会经济背景学生的职业成熟度更高。第二,根据个人在出国升学、国内升学和求职方面的准备的积极程度,三年级学生在职业和学业准备策略上属于“无备型”的比例为38.5%,“专备型”为33.7%,“兼备型”为27.7%。第三,职业成熟度和职业准备类型对个人规划、工作地选择、收入预期均有显著影响。职业成熟度高将显著提高个人选择升学、选择在北上广等大城市工作的可能性,同时也将提升个人的收入预期。与无备型的学生相比,专备型和兼备型的学生更容易选择升学而非就业,后者的期望起薪和保留工资水平都更高。%College junior year is critical for student development. Using data from the Longitudinal College Student Development Survey in Beijing, we find substantial variations in juniors’ occupation maturity, career preparation and choice. Female students from high socioeconomic background, students major in humanities, and students attending selective institutions have high level of occupation maturity. About two fifth of college juniors are not actively engaged in preparing for attending graduate school or entering labor market. Empirical analysis confirms that occupation maturity and types of career preparation are significant predictors of individual’s career choice.

  16. Three-dimensional locations of destinations have species-dependent effects on the choice of paths and the gap-bridging performance of arboreal snakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefer, K Marie; Jayne, Bruce C

    2013-03-01

    Challenges for moving in arboreal environments include sizable gaps and variable three-dimensional locations between the discrete destinations created by branches. Different three-dimensional orientations of the body change the mechanical demands of crossing gaps, especially for elongate animals, but these effects on both the maximal gap distance crossed (Gapmax ) and the choice of destinations are poorly understood despite many animals frequently encountering these circumstances. We tested and compared the effects of three-dimensional gap location on the bridging ability of three species of snakes with similar length but moderately stout (Boa constrictor), intermediate (Pantherophis guttatus) or slender (Boiga irregularis) shapes, and we tested for bias in choice of destinations for the latter two species. The effects of both gap location and species on Gapmax were highly significant, and the rank order of species from greatest to least Gapmax was often from the most slender to the stoutest species. Although the effects of yaw (horizontal) angles were statistically significant, they were small compared to those of pitch (vertical) angles, which created nearly twofold variation in the values of Gapmax within each species. The greatest values of Gapmax occurred when snakes went straight down. Within a horizontal plane, P. guttatus and B. irregularis had similar preferences for choosing gaps with smaller yaw angles. However, when pitch angle was varied, P. guttatus preferred lower destinations, whereas B. irregularis preferred higher destinations. Thus, despite quite uniform effects of gap location on bridging abilities and torques acting on the animals, some preferences for locations were species specific. J. Exp. Zool. 319A:124-137, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:23281077

  17. The impact of gender and parenthood on physicians' careers - professional and personal situation seven years after graduation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knecht Michaela

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The profile of the medical profession is changing in regard to feminization, attitudes towards the profession, and the lifestyle aspirations of young physicians. The issues addressed in this study are the careers of female and male physicians seven years after graduation and the impact of parenthood on career development. Methods Data reported originates from the fifth assessment (T5 of the prospective SwissMedCareer Study, beginning in 2001 (T1. At T5 in 2009, 579 residents (81.4% of the initial sample at T1 participated in the questionnaire survey. They were asked about occupational factors, career-related factors including specialty choice and workplace, work-life balance and life satisfaction. The impact of gender and parenthood on the continuous variables was investigated by means of multivariate and univariate analyses of variance; categorical variables were analyzed using Chi-square tests. Results Female physicians, especially those with children, have lower rates of employment and show lower values in terms of career success and career support experiences than male physicians. In addition, parenthood has a negative impact on these career factors. In terms of work-life balance aspired to, female doctors are less career-oriented and are more inclined to consider part-time work or to continue their professional career following a break to bring up a family. Parenthood means less career-orientation and more part-time orientation. As regards life satisfaction, females show higher levels of satisfaction overall, especially where friends, leisure activities, and income are concerned. Compared to their male colleagues, female physicians are less advanced in their specialty qualification, are less prone to choosing prestigious surgical fields, have a mentor less often, more often work at small hospitals or in private practice, aspire less often to senior hospital or academic positions and consider part-time work more often

  18. Physician migration at its roots: a study on the factors contributing towards a career choice abroad among students at a medical school in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheikh Asfandyar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Physician migration, also known as “brain drain,” results from a combination of a gap in the supply and demand in developed countries and a lack of job satisfaction in developing countries. Many push and pull factors are responsible for this effect, with media and internet playing their parts. Large-scale physician migration can pose problems for both the donor and the recipient countries, with a resulting reinforcement in the economic divide between developed and developing countries. The main objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence of migration intentions in medical undergraduates, to elucidate the factors responsible and to analyze the attitudes and practices related to these intentions. Methods This was a cross-sectional, observational, questionnaire-based study, conducted at Dow Medical College of Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, between January, 2012 and May, 2012. A total of 323 students responded completely. The questionnaire consisted of 3 sections, and was aimed at collecting demographic details, determining students’ migratory intentions, evaluating reasons for and against migration and assessing attitudes and practices of students related to these intentions. Results Out of 323 respondents, 195 wanted to pursue their careers abroad, giving a prevalence rate of 60.4% in our sample. United States was the most frequently reported recipient country. The most common reasons given by students who wished to migrate, in descending order, were: lucrative salary abroad followed by quality of training, job satisfaction, better way of life, relatives, more opportunities, better working environment, terrorism in Pakistan, harassment of doctors in Pakistan, desire to settle abroad, more competition in Pakistan, better management, peer pressure, longer working hours in Pakistan, religious reasons, parent pressure, political reasons and favoritism in Pakistan. A considerable number of respondents

  19. A STUDY ON THE NECESSITY OF VOCATIONAL CAREER COUNSELING IN EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Gabriela SECARĂ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A person’s fulfillment may be achieved only when the three levels: personal, family and professional interweave. In the dynamic society in which we live, the trend is to emphasize only one of these levels, in the prejudice of the others. Therefore, the term “workaholic” is very often used. This, namely having a job to consume almost all our time, is often associated with the idea of career.The concept of vocational career has recently appeared in Romania, along with the transition to a society founded on performance. A strong emphasis is laid on vocational career in multinational companies as the managers cover all the necessary stages when hiring an individual, their choice being founded on the convenient profile of the employee, suitable for the company needs. Thus, vocational motivation appears as a gain for both parts. The respect towards the employee is shown through the company concern for his career development. It is what is called in the specialty literature the paternalist model of welfare, promoted by David Guest. The reciprocity within a company will bring forth the desire of assertion, of improvement and implicitly of performance. In general, the choice of a career in a field or another is a subjective motivation, dictated by certain factors at a given time. The study carried out in this article is based on the administration of questionnaires in the attempt to discover which are the motivations of pupils and students in choosing a university, a profession, if such choice is based on judicious information or influence of subjective factors. Also, the role that skills and qualities of each plays in choosing the career path is not negligible, aiming to whether individuals are aware of their professional profile. The importance of vocational counselor in educational institutions, schools, universities is of great significance because it is a professional who can guide pupils and students objectively in choosing a future

  20. 全球化背景下我国公民教育的路径探析%Paths Choice of Citizenship Education in the Context of Globalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈葳

    2015-01-01

    公民教育是世界各国一直高度关注的重大教育问题。在全球化的背景下,分析和理解公民教育的内涵,并在此基础上,提出我国公民教育发展的有效路径,即:将公民教育与德育进行有机结合;提高公民整体素质;形成学校、家庭与社会公民教育的合力。%Citizenship education is a major problem in the world.Under the background of globalization, the effective paths of developing citizenship in our country are put forward based on the connotation:combining citizenship education with moral education,improving the overall quality of citizens,forming a joint force of school,family,and society.

  1. PILIHAN KARIR MENGAJAR MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN EKONOMI (Kajian Motivasi Karir Mengajar, Career Self Efficacy, Status Sosial Ekonomi, Minat menjadi Guru Terhadap Prestasi Akademik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khasan Setiaji

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to test the influence teaching career motivation, career self-efficacy and social economic status of academic achievement through its interest in becoming a teacher. The populations of this study were all students of Economic Education of first semester the academic year 2012/2013 which still in the career choice process and content. Proportional random samples technique was used in this study. The collecting data used the question form and documentation, while for analyzing the data using path analysis.Research findings show that teaching career motivation, career self-efficacy and social economic status has a positive and significant influence to the academic achievement through its interest in becoming a teacher. Based on this research finding, it can be suggested that (1 an attempt to cultivate interest of being a teacher and academic achievement can be conducted by increasing career motivation, career self-efficacy, and parents support, (2 the process of admission or the preparation of teachers need to pay attention to such as talent, psychological aspects interest, motivation, and career self-efficacy to get the input quality, (3 provide learning facilities for poor family student who are facing trouble for higher study.

  2. Study on the value tendency of nursing students in career choice and career development%护理学专业学生职业选择和职业发展中价值取向的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜丹丹; 陈京立; 黄万琪

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解当前护理学专业学生职业选择和职业发展中的价值取向.方法 采用职业价值观量表对2所高校护理学专业学生进行调查,采用SPSS 11.5进行数据统计分析.结果 326名护理学专业学生对15个职业价值尺度重要性的评价从高到低依次为生活方式、成就、同事关系、利他主义、声誉、独立性、美感、创造性、经济报酬、智力激发、监督关系、工作环境、变动性、管理、安全性.15个职业价值尺度的得分均值范围为14.29分~17.07分,15个职业价值尺度下的60个项目的得分均值范围为2.76分~4.39分.结论 护理学专业学生职业选择和职业发展中所重视的因素较多,寻找理想职业的难度增大,在就业指导中学校应当引导学生协调好理想和现实的矛盾,根据现实客观地认识自己、评价自己以便实现成功就业.%Objective To know the current nursing students' value tendency in career choice and career development. Method Work values inventory was filled out by the students from two universities and the results were analyzed by SPSS 11.5 statistics software. Results The 15 work value scales were evaluated by the students and the grade from most important to less important were way of life, achievement, associates, altruism, prestige, independence, esthetics, creativity, economic return, intellectual stimulation, supervisory relations, surroundings, variety, management, security. The mean score of the 15 work value scales was from 14.29 to 17.07. The mean score of the 60 items of the 15 work value scales was from 2.76 to 4.39. Conclusions There are many factors that the nursing students place emphasis on when facing career choice and career development so it becomes harder for them to find a satisfactory job. Nursing students should be instructed to harmonize the gap between dreams and reality, know and evaluate themselves objectively so as to obtain employment.

  3. Path Choice for Digestion of Nihilism in Contemporary Chinese Philosophy%当代中国国家哲学消解虚无主义的路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永庚

    2012-01-01

    Nihilism as a negative mental phenomena, can be divided into many types, Marx' s description and digestion of nihilism phenomenon is aimed at the traditional nihilism, and the contemporary Chinese actual situation is targeted at the double nothingness of Chinese traditional spirit value and contemporary western spiritual value, the contemporary nihilism has a stronger expression, Chinese people have been suffering from a mild "nihilism. " The development path, the core value system, the ideal and belief, re- vealed by the contemporary Chinese philosophy, are of great significance for the Chinese people to over- come the nihilism and to find their spiritual orientation and value benchmark.%虚无主义作为一种否定性的精神现象,可以划分为许多类型,马克思对虚无主义现象的描述和消解是针对传统虚无主义的,而当代中国的实际情况是对中国传统精神价值和当代西方精神价值的双重虚无,表现更多和更强烈的是当代虚无主义,中国民众业已患有轻度的"虚无主义病症",当代中国国家哲学所揭示的发展道路、所构建的核心价值体系、所塑造的理想、信念,对于中国民众克服虚无主义意义重大,能促使中国民众尽快找到自己的精神方位和价值坐标。

  4. Title: The Practical Dilemma and Path Choice of Global Environmental Governance%全球环境治理的现实困境与路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘颖

    2012-01-01

    随着环境的恶化与环境问题的全球化,全球环境治理成为国际社会关注的焦点。就全球环境治理的构成要素而言,当前全球环境治理在环境治理主体、环境议题以及环境治理方式等方面存在的矛盾或问题,严重制约了全球环境治理效果的实现。加强环境治理各主体之间的合作,科学全面地认识全球环境问题,实现不同治理方式的合作,是提高全球环境治理效果的有效路径。%Along with the worsening environment and the globalization of environmental problems, global environmental governance becomes the focus in international society. As far as the elements of global environmental governance are concerned, the contradictions and problems in terms of the body of environmental governance, en- vironmental issues and the modes of environmental governance have seriously restricted the realization of environ mental governance effect. Enhancing cooperation among the bodies of global environmental governance, understand- ing global environmental problems scientifically and comprehensively and achieving cooperation between different environmental governance modes, are efficient path to improving the effect of global environmental governance.

  5. Course experiences, satisfaction and career intent of final year pre-registration Australian pharmacy students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen G

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Australia, the profession of pharmacy has undergone many changes to adapt to the needs of the community. In recent years, concerns have been raised with evidence emerging of workforce saturation in traditional pharmacy practice sectors. It is not known how current final year pharmacy students’ perceive the different pharmacy career paths in this changing environment. Hence investigating students’ current experiences with their pharmacy course, interaction with the profession and developing an understanding of their career intentions would be an important step, as these students would make up a large proportion of future pharmacy workforce Objective: The objective of this study was thus to investigate final year students’ career perspectives and the reasons for choosing pharmacy, satisfaction with this choice of pharmacy as a tertiary course and a possible future career, factors affecting satisfaction and intention of future career paths. Methods: A quantitative cross sectional survey of final year students from 3 Australian universities followed by a qualitative semi-structured interview of a convenience sample of final year students from the University of Sydney. Results: ‘Interest in health and medicine’ was the most important reason for choosing pharmacy (n=238. The majority of students were ‘somewhat satisfied’ with the choice of pharmacy (35.7% as a course and possible future career. Positive associations were found between satisfaction and reasons for joining pharmacy such as ‘felt pharmacy is a good profession’ (p=0.003 while negative associations included ‘joined pharmacy as a gateway to medicine or dentistry’ (p=0.001. Quantitate and qualitative results showed the most frequent perception of community pharmacy was ‘changing’ while hospital and pharmaceutical industry was described as ‘competitive’ and ‘research’ respectively. The highest career intention was community followed by hospital

  6. The In and the Out of Career.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiedeman, David V.; Miller-Tiedeman, Anna

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the evolution and the tenets of the LIFECAREER philosophy developed jointly by the authors and based on Young's theory of "general universe process." Considers the ways in which vocational choices are made and the life-long nature of career development. Evaluates career development theories. (JHZ)

  7. SMCR模式视角下MOOC建设的路径选择%Path Choice for the Development of MOOC under SMCR Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕林; 马诗婧; 刘爽

    2014-01-01

    任何一个教学过程都可以视作一个信息传播过程。SMCR信息传播模式包含了信源(Source)、信息(Message)、通道(Channel)、信宿(Receiver)四个构成要素,提供了分析影响信息传播有效性因素的理论框架。该文在SMCR模式视角下探析MOOC(Massive Open Online Course:大规模开放式在线课程)建设的有效路径。在信源维度--组建优秀的主讲教师团队是MOOC建设的基础,为此需要充分发挥主讲教师作为“信息把关人”的重要作用;要注重提升主讲教师的教育传播素养水平;在信息维度--开发优质的课程内容是MOOC建设的核心,为此需要在“成分与结构”层面保证MOOC教学内容本身构成的精致化,在“符号与处理”层面确保MOOC教学内容表征的精准化;在通道维度--选择适切的技术支持是MOOC建设的重点,需要考虑技术中介MOOC学习者感觉通道的有效性、中介教学活动的有用性与易用性;在信宿维度--促进MOOC学习者主动学习是MOOC建设的关键,为此需要重视MOOC学习者分析,有意识地为MOOC学习者提供必要的学习指导以提升其自身的网络学习能力,同时要加强MOOC师生互动提升学习者的学习投入度。%A teaching and learning process can be regarded as an information communication process. SMCR classifies Source, Message, Channel, and Receiver as the four basic components of a communication system, and provides a fundamental framework for the analysis of what factors inlfuencing communication efifciency. This paper explores what paths should be chosen for the building of MOOC under the perspective of SMCR model. In the Source dimension, the organization of an excellent teacher team is the foundation for MOOC construction, including highlighting teachers’ roles as“gatekeepers”and improving teachers’ communication literacy for MOOC teaching. In the Message dimension, the development of high quality

  8. Two Generations of Path Dependence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

      Even if there is no fully articulated and generally accepted theory of Path Dependence it has eagerly been taken up across a wide range of social sciences - primarily coming from economics. Path Dependence is most of all a metaphor that offers reason to believe, that some political, social or e...... economic processes have multiple possible paths of outcomes, rather than a unique path of equilibria. The selection among outcomes may depend on contingent choices or events - outcomes of path-dependent processes require a very relevant study - a perception of history....

  9. Making Career Decisions--A Sequential Elimination Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gati, Itamar

    1986-01-01

    Presents a model for career decision making based on the sequential elimination of occupational alternatives, an adaptation for career decisions of Tversky's (1972) elimination-by-aspects theory of choice. The expected utility approach is reviewed as a representative compensatory model for career decisions. Advantages, disadvantages, and…

  10. Experimentation and Job Choice

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we examine optimal job choices when jobs differ in the rate at which they reveal information about workers' skills. We then analyze how the optimal level of experimentation changes over a worker's career and characterize job transitions and wage growth over the life cycle. Using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles merged with the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we then construct an index of how much information different occupations reveal about workers' skills ...

  11. The Career Path of the Postdoctoral Researcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webber, Karen L.; Yang, Lijing

    2015-01-01

    The number of recipients in the United States with postdoctoral research appointments in American universities is greater now than ever before (NSF, 2010). According to data from the 2010 National Science Foundation's "Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering" (GSS, 2010), academic institutions in the…

  12. Career Paths for Geosciences Students (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, T. S.; Flewelling, S. A.

    2013-12-01

    Current and future drivers of hiring in the geosciences include climate, environment, energy, georisk and litigation areas. Although climate is closely linked to the atmospheric sciences, hiring needs in the geosciences exist as well, in understanding potential impacts of climate change on coastal erosion and water resources. Where and how to consider carbon sequestration as a climate mitigation policy will also require geosciences expertise. The environmental sciences have long been a source of geosciences hiring, and have ongoing needs in the areas of investigation of contamination, and in fluid and chemical transport. The recent expansion of the energy sector in the U.S. is providing opportunities for the geosciences in oil and gas production, hydraulic fracturing, and in geothermal development. In georisk, expertise in earthquake and volcanic hazard prediction are increasingly important, particularly in population centers. Induced seismicity is a relatively new area of georisk that will also require geosciences skills. The skills needed in the future geosciences workforce are increasingly interdisciplinary, and include those that are both observational and quantitative. Field observations and their interpretation must be focused forward as well as backwards and include the ability to recognize change as it occurs. Areas of demand for quantitative skills include hydrological, geophysical, and geochemical modeling, math and statistics, with specialties such as rock mechanics becoming an increasingly important area. Characteristics that students should have to become successful employees in these sectors include strong communication skills, both oral and written, the ability to know when to stop "studying" and identify next steps, and the ability to turn research areas into solutions to problems.

  13. PERCEPTIONS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A CAREER PATH

    OpenAIRE

    Ana-Maria GRIGORE; TOMA Sorin-George

    2014-01-01

    Since the end of the World War II, the large corporation has become a key social institution and a fundamental economic organization for the capitalist system. For a long period of time, the future for many people around the world laid within a multinational or transnational corporation. The late 1960s and the early 1970s paved the way for a new type of economy, the “entrepreneurial economy”. As the beginning of the 1990s has provided huge opportunities at a global scale, individuals understo...

  14. Relevance of career services for CEMS students for successful job-entry

    OpenAIRE

    Zicháčková, Denisa

    2010-01-01

    The thesis aims at exploring what the role of career guidance services for CEMS students in their job search is, and at proposing a number of recommendations for further development of CEMS career services. First part of this thesis will provide us with a necessary theoretical background on career choice, career management and development, and career guidance. Then, CEMS and its current career services offer will be presented in brief. Finally, an analysis of a research that we have conducted...

  15. Designing Career Education Curriculum: A Cognitive-Developmental Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Germain, Bob

    1981-01-01

    Demonstrates the application of cognitive-developmental theory to career education. Presents a model of cognitive development and explores its implications for concepts relevant to career education. Discusses self-evaluation, values and choices, expectations and stereotypes, responsibilities, job choice, and reaction to change. (CT)

  16. Career Goals, Preferences, and Support for Students in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Belva A.

    2013-01-01

    Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory has been adapted by Lent, Brown, and Hackett (1994) to form social cognitive career theory (SCCT). The theory posits three interlocking steps in academic and career development: interest, choice goal, and choice goal action. Self-efficacy, outcome expectations, barriers, and supports are hypothesized to…

  17. Introducing Students to Career Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutler, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Using a Web-based program he developed, one educator is helping students understand how their career and lifestyle choices are linked. MyLife, a Web-based life-planning program for young people, offers comprehensive budget activity in which participants develop simulations of their fantasy futures and calculate their future monthly…

  18. The emergence of career boundaries in unbounded industries : career odysseys in the Italian New Economy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bagdadli, S; Solari, L; Usai, A; Grandori, A

    2003-01-01

    The main objective of this research(1) was to study boundaries to the 'boundaryless career' in a novel context. Our empirical study focused on career paths leading top managers to enter emergent firms. We collected data on professional histories of a sample of top managers who operated in firms list

  19. Healthy Choices: What to Eat during Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Just a moment, please. You've saved this page It's been added to your dashboard . Healthy choices: ... Map Premature birth report card Careers Archives Health Topics Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness ...

  20. Racial Identity Attitudes, Perceived Barriers, Career Self-Efficacy, and Career Outcome Expectations among African American Male Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsel, Norman L., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) holds that self-efficacy and outcome expectations are primary predictors of career choice goals and actions, with contextual influences moderating those choices and actions. Racial identity research indicates that African American adolescents perceive more barriers than their White counterparts. The current…

  1. Career Choices for Foreign-Educated Dentists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitigoi-Aron, Gabriela

    2011-01-01

    Attracting and retaining strong faculty members in dental schools have long been challenges in the United States. Faced with an emerging crisis in the availability and quality of dental educators, many researchers have focused on analyzing data and trends related to this subject. Even though there are substantial studies that provide a picture of…

  2. Emotional Intelligence and the Career Choice Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmerling, Robert J.; Cherniss, Cary

    2003-01-01

    Emotional intelligence as conceptualized by Mayer and Salovey consists of perceiving emotions, using emotions to facilitate thoughts, understanding emotions, and managing emotions to enhance personal growth. The Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale has proven a valid and reliable measure that can be used to explore the implications of…

  3. Theories of Career Development and the Practice Career Counseling: Will They Ever Get Together?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Duane

    Career development and vocational choice theories have been criticized as inaccurate and not useful as models for the practice of career counseling. It may be that theorists have not extended their theories into practice concepts, since current literature is lacking in attempts to relate theory to practice. Because of this void in theory-practice…

  4. A Review of the Research on the Career Development Path of Academic Journal Editors in Recent Years%近年来学术期刊编辑职业发展路径研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩芳

    2015-01-01

    The path of the career development is to improve the quality and level of the editors to realize the path of self value and career planning. In previous studies, most scholars emphasize the ability of business, culture level and quality of the editors, etc. but did not tell how the editors should improve themselves as a whole. In particular, they neglect the academic spirit, which is its fundament. As the gatekeeper of the academic journals, academic journal editors play an important role in the quality of academic journals. Form serves for the content. Only editors have academic spirit can they make good contributions to the quality of the manuscript;only the editors have academic spirit can they improve the quality of the journal;only the editors have academic spirit can they promote the development of university journals. Editing business is an academic editor's job; academic editors must continuously improve their ability to improve their reading and proofing. Meanwhile, they should improve their scientific research ability, use one hand to"proofread"and one hand to"write", and then they can become scholar editors. At the same time, the relationship between the editor and the author impact on the source of academic journal's manuscript. So it is worth of the attention of editors’. The editors should maintain good communication with authors and establish a stable group of authors to guarantee the quality of journals. Self development and job burnout are two problems related. If an editor's ego cannot be developed, his value is difficult to achieve, then it is easy to have the job burnout.%编辑职业发展路径就是指编辑如何提高自身素质和水平,从而得到自我价值及职业规划实现的路径。在以往的研究中,大多数学者往往强调编辑业务能力,编辑文化水平以及编辑的素质等等,没有从整体上把握编辑究竟该从哪些方面完善自己,尤其忽略了学术期刊编辑应具备学术精神

  5. 近年来学术期刊编辑职业发展路径研究述评%A Review of the Research on the Career Development Path of Academic Journal Editors in Recent Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩芳

    2015-01-01

    The path of the career development is to improve the quality and level of the editors to realize the path of self value and career planning. In previous studies, most scholars emphasize the ability of business, culture level and quality of the editors, etc. but did not tell how the editors should improve themselves as a whole. In particular, they neglect the academic spirit, which is its fundament. As the gatekeeper of the academic journals, academic journal editors play an important role in the quality of academic journals. Form serves for the content. Only editors have academic spirit can they make good contributions to the quality of the manuscript;only the editors have academic spirit can they improve the quality of the journal;only the editors have academic spirit can they promote the development of university journals. Editing business is an academic editor's job; academic editors must continuously improve their ability to improve their reading and proofing. Meanwhile, they should improve their scientific research ability, use one hand to"proofread"and one hand to"write", and then they can become scholar editors. At the same time, the relationship between the editor and the author impact on the source of academic journal's manuscript. So it is worth of the attention of editors’. The editors should maintain good communication with authors and establish a stable group of authors to guarantee the quality of journals. Self development and job burnout are two problems related. If an editor's ego cannot be developed, his value is difficult to achieve, then it is easy to have the job burnout.%编辑职业发展路径就是指编辑如何提高自身素质和水平,从而得到自我价值及职业规划实现的路径。在以往的研究中,大多数学者往往强调编辑业务能力,编辑文化水平以及编辑的素质等等,没有从整体上把握编辑究竟该从哪些方面完善自己,尤其忽略了学术期刊编辑应具备学术精神

  6. A Career Roles Model of Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoekstra, Hans A.

    2011-01-01

    Career development is described as the interactive progression of internal career identity formation and the growth of external career significance. Argued is the need for a content model of career development where the field is dominated by process theories. A theory is put forward of career development crystallizing in the acquisition of career…

  7. A career roles model of career development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoekstra, Hans A.

    2011-01-01

    Career development is described as the interactive progression of internal career identity formation and the growth of external career significance. Argued is the need for a content model of career development where the field is dominated by process theories. A theory is put forward of career develo

  8. Asian/Pacific Islander Librarians Career Choices: Demographics and Descriptive Analysis 美國亞太裔圖書館員的職業選擇:人口統計特徵和描述性分析

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周堅中、周格蘭、周陽蘭、周米蘭 Jianzhong Zhou, Glen Zhou, Allan Zhou, Milan Zhou

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The study first reviews the history of Asian immigrants since 1850s and the significance of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 on current Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (AAPI population and demographics in the United States. Then the study summarizes previous research of AAPI librarians and conducts a new survey to inquire the status of AAPI librarians. From 91 completed surveys out of over 600 distributed, the study shows a demographic picture of AAPI librarians and lists factors associated with AAPI librarians’ career choices. In addition, the study compares United States immigration and international student data with MLS conferred by race/ethnicity data in order to predict the future growth of AAPI librarians. The analyses of both data sources show that more international students from Asia are studying in the United States and becoming the United States citizens and residents, but fewer international students and Asian American students, compared with other race/ethnic groups, choose librarianship as a career. At the end, the study predicts the future growth of AAPI librarians will be slower compared to other minority groups, and the percentage of AAPI librarians among total credentialed librarians will become lower. pp. 111-129本文首先回顧自19 世紀50 年代美國亞洲移民的歷史和分析當前美國亞裔/太平洋島民(AAPI)的人口統計。強調美國1965 年的新移民和國籍法案對美國亞太裔人口增長及職業選擇的意義。其次,本文在總結以前有關亞太裔館員的研究之基礎上,對目前亞太裔圖書館員的職業狀態設計和開展全新的電子問卷調查研究。在選取的600 多名亞太裔圖書館員中,91 人完成了職業狀態調查。由此考察和分析美國亞太裔圖書館員職業特徵與影響亞太裔圖書館員職業選擇的相關因素。最後,本文比較1999-2010 年美國亞洲移民和來美的亞洲國際學生與美國

  9. Traveler Path Choice During Freeway Closure

    OpenAIRE

    Motamed, Moggan; Machemehl, Randy B.

    2013-01-01

    Construction activities and numbers of related work zones on urban freeways have grown significantly. The most problematic work zones occur on roads that are already fully loaded with traffic. The impact of work zones on mobility and safety makes success of the traffic control plan vital. Full freeway closures are sometimes implemented to expedite project completion and thereby reduce the cumulative impact of construction on travelers. Traffic diversion strategy is one way to improve the mana...

  10. Fostering Student Awareness in Observatory STEM Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keonaonaokalauae Acohido, Alexis Ann; Michaud, Peter D.; Gemini Public Information and Outreach Staff

    2016-01-01

    It takes more than scientists to run an observatory. Like most observatories, only about 20% of Gemini Observatory's staff is PhD. Scientists, but 100% of those scientists would not be able to do their jobs without the help of engineers, administrators, and other support staff that make things run smoothly. Gemini's Career Brochure was first published in 2014 to show that there are many different career paths available (especially in local host communities) at an astronomical observatory. Along with the printed career brochure, there are supplementary videos available on Gemini's website and Youtube pages that provide a more detailed and personal glimpse into the day-in-the-life of a wide assortment of Gemini employees. A weakness in most observatory's outreach programming point to the notion that students (and teachers) feel there is a disconnect between academics and where students would like to end up in their career future. This project is one of the ways Gemini addresses these concerns. During my 6-month internship at Gemini, I have updated the Career Brochure website conducted more in-depth interviews with Gemini staff to include as inserts with the brochure, and expanded the array of featured careers. The goal of my work is to provide readers with detailed and individualized employee career paths to show; 1) that there are many ways to establish a career in the STEM fields, and 2), that the STEM fields are vastly diverse.

  11. 辅导员开展大学生职业生涯辅导工作的路径%On the Path of Counselors Carrying out College Students' Career Guidance Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志婕

    2015-01-01

    在当前严峻的就业形势下,高校的职业生涯辅导工作日益受到重视,但现有辅导模式还存在很多不足。让辅导员参与到大学生职业生涯辅导工作中来,促进大学生成长和发展,引导毕业生充分就业,是一种切合实际的,有效、可行的方案。要通过多种载体强化学生的职业生涯规划意识,开展长期和个性化的职业生涯辅导,整合大学生职业生涯辅导外部支持系统。%In the current severe employment situation, university career guidance work is becoming more and more atten-tion, but there are many shortcomings existing guidance model. Involve counselors in university student career guidance work, promote college students' growth and development, guide the graduates full employment, is a kind of practical, effec-tive and feasible solutions. To strengthen the awareness of students' career planning through a variety of carrier, long-term and individualized career counseling, integration of college students' career counseling external support system.

  12. An Inner Barrier to Career Development: Preconditions of the Impostor Phenomenon and Consequences for Career Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neureiter, Mirjam; Traut-Mattausch, Eva

    2016-01-01

    The impostor phenomenon (IP) is increasingly recognized as an important psychological construct for career development, yet empirical research on how it functions in this domain is sparse. We investigated in what way impostor feelings are related to the fear of failure, fear of success, self-esteem, and the career-development aspects career planning, career striving, and the motivation to lead. We conducted two studies with independent samples of university students (N = 212) in a laboratory study and working professionals (N = 110) in an online study. In both samples, impostor feelings were fostered by fear of failure, fear of success, and low self-esteem and they decreased career planning, career striving, and the motivation to lead. A path analysis showed that impostor feelings had the most negative effects on career planning and career striving in students and on the motivation to lead in working professionals. The results suggest that the IP is relevant to career development in different ways at different career stages. Practical implications and interventions to reduce the negative effects of impostor feelings on career development are discussed. PMID:26869957

  13. An Inner Barrier to Career Development: Preconditions of the Impostor Phenomenon and Consequences for Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neureiter, Mirjam; Traut-Mattausch, Eva

    2016-01-01

    The impostor phenomenon (IP) is increasingly recognized as an important psychological construct for career development, yet empirical research on how it functions in this domain is sparse. We investigated in what way impostor feelings are related to the fear of failure, fear of success, self-esteem, and the career-development aspects career planning, career striving, and the motivation to lead. We conducted two studies with independent samples of university students (N = 212) in a laboratory study and working professionals (N = 110) in an online study. In both samples, impostor feelings were fostered by fear of failure, fear of success, and low self-esteem and they decreased career planning, career striving, and the motivation to lead. A path analysis showed that impostor feelings had the most negative effects on career planning and career striving in students and on the motivation to lead in working professionals. The results suggest that the IP is relevant to career development in different ways at different career stages. Practical implications and interventions to reduce the negative effects of impostor feelings on career development are discussed. PMID:26869957

  14. Exploration on the Implementation of Collaboration Function and Path Integration for Knowledge Employees' Career Planning%知识员工职业生涯规划帮助功能的实现及其路径整合探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖传亮; 丁雯

    2012-01-01

    知识员工职业发展相对于非知识员工而言,更具复杂性,其意义也更加重大.现实表明知识员工的大部分,其职业生涯规划需要规划专业工作者或已经成功探索者予以帮助和指导.由于需要帮助和指导的原因的多元性,加上知识员工职业生涯规划所涉及的因素较复杂,故要帮助和指导知识员工正确地进行规划和实现规划,就必须探索和选择合理的路径,并要根据员工个体情况,进行多种路径的交叉、整合运用.%Compared with non - knowledge employees, the career development of knowledge employees is more complex and meaningful. The reality shows that most knowledge employees need the assistance and guidance from professional career planning consultants or successful explorers. Because the reasons for requiring assistance and guidance are various, further-more , the factors to which the career planning of knowledge employees refers are complicated, it is very important to assist and guide the knowledge employees by planning and implementing the right plan, and help them explore and choose the reasonable path. According to individual employees' situation, different kinds of paths and integrated application should be conducted.

  15. CAREER DEVELOPMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Baltimore Summit Project on Career Development/PERFORMS Enhancement/360 Evaluations for All has made some progress. We have identified the fact that we cannot change the current Pass/Fail PERFORMS system to a tiered system. The current pass/fail system does not have a mechani...

  16. Women's career progression in UK academic libraries.

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, B.A.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates women’s success in academic libraries, and identifies career paths and potential barriers to career progression. Influenced by a feminist perspective, twelve interviews were conducted with women holding senior management roles to gain personal accounts, experiences and observations. Qualitative thematic analysis of the interviews is supported by some descriptive quantitative statistics. Results show that good management appears unrelated to gender. A mix of skills is e...

  17. Socio–demographic characteristics and antecedents associated with the career uncertainty of university students / H. Botha

    OpenAIRE

    Botha, Hannchen

    2011-01-01

    The changing work environment has caused individuals to revise and change their career decisions. This creates career uncertainty, which has become a widespread problem, particularly for students. When this problem is not addressed, it leads to career indecision, or less optimal choices which could influence career opportunities and quality of life. Career indecision could impact on organisations, resulting in problems such as person–job adjustment, lack of engagement and burnout. Although re...

  18. Strategies for Longitudinal Analysis of the Career Paths of Beginning Teachers: Results from the First through Fourth Waves of the 2007-08 Beginning Teacher Longitudinal Study. Research and Development Report. NCES 2013-336

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Lucinda; Brauen, Marsha

    2013-01-01

    To learn more about the early career patterns of beginning teachers, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the Institute of Education Sciences within the U.S. Department of Education undertook the Beginning Teacher Longitudinal Study (BTLS). The ultimate purpose of this report is to develop a strategy for the longitudinal analysis…

  19. Management Career in Education

    OpenAIRE

    Zaharia Valentina; Dogaru Mirela

    2012-01-01

    The concept of career has many meanings, generally being associated with the idea of moving up or advancement of a person in a particular field. Career Management career planning and development includes integration involves multiple functional interdependence of individual career planning, career planning and career development organization in education. Management planning and modeling career while individuals progress in an organization according to organizational needs assessments, and pe...

  20. Mision Informacion: Entrevista a Empleados en el Lugar donde Trabajan; Observar a Obreros mientras Trabajan; Programa sobre Experiencia Laboral (Mission Information: Worksite Interview, Shadow Community Workers, Work Experience Program). CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

    The work-study guide is the third volume in the advanced level of a career education curriculum for elementary-secondary migrant children. Complementing the secondary level job information text and a workbook about decision making and self-awareness, the work-study guide is designed to accompany work exploration and experience programs. It…

  1. [A career in nursing sciences?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, P A; Brassard, C; Caty, S; Adam, D

    1992-11-01

    A research study was conducted in a francophone high school in Northern Ontario to examine students' perceptions of nursing and the influence of these perceptions on nursing as a career choice. All students in grades 11, 12 and 13 were invited to participate. Fifty-eight percent (n = 268) completed the questionnaire. Results showed that 37 percent of the respondents considered pursuing a career in the health sciences. Only 14% percent were interested in nursing. Respondents' comments suggest that the nurse is viewed favorably but the profession is perceived as a career that does not involve pleasant tasks, good working conditions or opportunities for professional advancement. Reasons advocated for choosing nursing were altruistic rather than career-oriented. Students saw nursing practice as occurring mainly in a hospital setting. Half of the respondents who had chosen nursing as a career opted to enroll in a university program and the other half chose a college program. Results suggest that nursing continues to face an image problem regarding its role in the health care system. In these times of job losses and budget cuts, the profession still needs to attract young recruits. This is the challenge we have to face. PMID:1490271

  2. Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2011-01-01

    maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

  3. Evaluating Educational Practices for Positively Affecting Student Perceptions of a Sales Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Shannon; Peltier, James W.; Pomirleanu, Nadia; Cross, James; Simon, Rob

    2015-01-01

    Despite demand for new graduates seeking a sales position, student reticence toward pursuing a sales career remains. While all students will not choose a sales career, diminishing the existence of sales-related misconceptions among the student population should establish sales as a viable career path for a larger number of students. We test six…

  4. A Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Yoon-Ho; R. Yu; Kulik, S. P.; Shih, Y. H.; Scully, Marlan O.

    1999-01-01

    This paper reports a "delayed choice quantum eraser" experiment proposed by Scully and Dr\\"{u}hl in 1982. The experimental results demonstrated the possibility of simultaneously observing both particle-like and wave-like behavior of a quantum via quantum entanglement. The which-path or both-path information of a quantum can be erased or marked by its entangled twin even after the registration of the quantum.

  5. The Career Development of Young Japanese People: The Attainment of Self-Confidence in Career Development`

    OpenAIRE

    Ogawa, Chisato

    2006-01-01

    Many young Japanese people seem to be able to determine goals towards their career development. However, many appear to struggle to take action towards their intended goal, often due to a lack of confidence, or an inability to make decisions without guidance or assistance from others. As a result, we think that perhaps a misconception is formulated by the community that young Japanese people drift around aimlessly without a sense of purpose or direction towards a career path, even after gradu...

  6. 基于社会认知职业理论的高校就业指导教师胜任力研究%The Study on Competency of Career Guidance Teachers in Universities Based on Social Cognitive Career Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦艺芳; 黄融

    2015-01-01

    Based on the three core concepts of self-efficiency,outcome expectation and career goal,the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT)explains the activities of career choice and development. Comparing with conventional career choice and development theory,SCCT lays more attention on the impact upon occupational path management from the perspective of interaction among the individual, psychology and society,which provides an operational foundation for establishment of characteristics of career competency.Moreover,the competency study of college career guidance teacher contributes to their selection,hiring,training and assessment,so as to specify the career guidance teacher's quali-fications and competency improvement.%社会认知职业理论是以自我效能、结果期待和职业目标三个核心概念来解释职业选择和发展行为,比传统职业选择和发展理论更关注从个人、心理、社会互相作用的角度对职业生涯管理的影响,为职业胜任力特征构建提供了一个可操作的基础。而高校就业指导教师胜任力研究有助于对就业指导教师甄选、聘用、培训和考察,以明确就业指导教师的任职资格和提升胜任力。

  7. Vocational Behavior and Career Development, 1983: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Heesacker, Martin

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the literature related to vocational behavior and career development published during 1983, including 445 articles in 42 journals. The review is organized around issues pertinent to the counseling psychology perspective (career development, vocational choice, assessment, intervention) and the industrial/organizational psychology…

  8. Precursors of Learning Experiences in Social Cognitive Career Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokar, David M.; Thompson, Mindi N.; Plaufcan, Melissa R.; Williams, Christine M.

    2007-01-01

    This study extended the research on Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; [Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (1994). Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance. "Journal of Vocational Behavior," 45, 79-122]) by examining the contributions of 3 person inputs (personality, gender, and…

  9. Coming Alive From Nine to Five: The Career Search Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelozzi, Betty Neville; Michelozzi, Peter J.

    The concept of career search is envisioned as a means to personal growth rather than merely a choice of occupations. A career search program is described which sets up a basic foundation of self-assessment, exploring personal values, interests, and skills. Four inventories are described which can help individuals develop self-descriptions in terms…

  10. Formal language constrained path problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, C.; Jacob, R.; Marathe, M.

    1997-07-08

    In many path finding problems arising in practice, certain patterns of edge/vertex labels in the labeled graph being traversed are allowed/preferred, while others are disallowed. Motivated by such applications as intermodal transportation planning, the authors investigate the complexity of finding feasible paths in a labeled network, where the mode choice for each traveler is specified by a formal language. The main contributions of this paper include the following: (1) the authors show that the problem of finding a shortest path between a source and destination for a traveler whose mode choice is specified as a context free language is solvable efficiently in polynomial time, when the mode choice is specified as a regular language they provide algorithms with improved space and time bounds; (2) in contrast, they show that the problem of finding simple paths between a source and a given destination is NP-hard, even when restricted to very simple regular expressions and/or very simple graphs; (3) for the class of treewidth bounded graphs, they show that (i) the problem of finding a regular language constrained simple path between source and a destination is solvable in polynomial time and (ii) the extension to finding context free language constrained simple paths is NP-complete. Several extensions of these results are presented in the context of finding shortest paths with additional constraints. These results significantly extend the results in [MW95]. As a corollary of the results, they obtain a polynomial time algorithm for the BEST k-SIMILAR PATH problem studied in [SJB97]. The previous best algorithm was given by [SJB97] and takes exponential time in the worst case.

  11. The Effect of Modernising Medical Careers on Foundation Doctor Career Orientation in the Northern Ireland Foundation School

    OpenAIRE

    O'Donnnell, ME; Noad, R; Boohan, M; Carragher, A

    2010-01-01

    Objectives Modernising Medical Careers (MMC) emerged in response to acknowledged problems in training in the Senior House Officer grade. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the Foundation Year 2 (F2) training programme on career orientation in the Northern Ireland Deanery. Methods A prospective survey-based study was conducted for all F2 doctors participating in the Northern Ireland Foundation Programme. Career orientation was investigated using the Specialty Choice Invent...

  12. Career Values and Perceptions of Agricultural Careers of Gifted and Talented Students in the Virginia Governor's School for Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Overbay, Andrew Edward

    2006-01-01

    Career choice is governed by what individuals value and their perception of the realities that exist in a given field. Agriculture career education of gifted and talented students, therefore, must begin with an assessment of the values of the students, their assumptions regarding fields within the agriculture industry, and factors that influence their career decisions. This descriptive study summarized values and perceptions held by participants in the 2006 Virginia Governor's School for Agr...

  13. Path Choice for MOOC Application in Universities and Colleges under ARCS Model%ARCS模型视角下高校推进MOOC应用的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕林

    2015-01-01

    one hand, universities and colleges need to actively concern the value and signiifcance of MOOC and have the initiative to make use of MOOC to adapt to the development of information age. On the other hand, it is necessary for universities and colleges to consciously design and promote the effective application of MOOC based on systematic needs analysis and foundations relfection. In more detail, as for the reasonable path choice for MOOC application, it is important for universities and colleges to have active attention to the connotation and value of MOOC on the awareness level, to relate MOOC application to their own long-term and core development goals on the plan level, to prepare to conifdentially face with the challenges from MOOC on the practical level, and to take effect evaluation and relative research seriously to promote the sustainable application and development of MOOC on the outcome level.

  14. Careers in Virology: Science Writing and Journalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dove, Alan

    2015-09-01

    This article condenses some highlights from a presentation that I have now given at several universities about the bench-to-newsroom career path. For readers who simply want a short explanation of how to parlay their hard-earned critical-thinking skills from graduate school into a lucrative job in a growing industry, go to law school. PMID:26041284

  15. Career cycle of general and special school teachers in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marušić Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The specificities of general and special school teachers’ work might influence their career differently. The aim of the study was to examine the career cycle of these teachers. A survey was conducted on a sample of 120 teachers from general and 95 from special schools. Five stages of career cycle were discovered: induction, competency building and enthusiasm, career frustration, stagnation, career wind-down. Results indicate that age, gender, intrinsic, and extrinsic factors of career choice can influence teachers’ career cycle. When these factors are controlled, special school teachers experience less enthusiasm and more willingness to retire than general school teachers. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 47008: Improving the quality and accessibility of education in modernization processes in Serbia i br. 179034: From encouraging initiative, cooperation and creativity in education to new roles and identities in society

  16. When Is The Best Time To Give Birth - Career Effects Of Early Birth Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Frühwirth-Schnatter, Sylvia; Pamminger, Christoph; Weber, Andrea; Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    Using Bayesian Markov chain clustering analysis we investigate career paths of Austrian women after their first birth. This data-driven method allows characterizing long-term career paths of mothers over up to 19 years by transitions between parental leave, non-employment and different forms of employment. We, thus, classify women into five cluster-groups with very different long-run career costs of childbearing. We model group membership with a multinomial specification within the finite mix...

  17. Innovative Programs Promoting Careers in OR Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceschini, Donna

    2016-06-01

    Much of the baby boomer workforce is approaching retirement, and nurses who are part of this generation will need to be replaced. The strain is especially notable in the perioperative nursing environment. To assist in recruiting new perioperative nurses, three programs were introduced at a rural academic medical center. Leaders at this facility developed a perioperative nursing course to train new graduate nurses and nurses without OR experience, an introduction to perioperative nursing course for junior and senior undergraduate nursing students, and an intraoperative learning experience for high school students interested in a career in nursing. These three programs provide an opportunity to expose new nurses, nursing students, and high school students to an OR nursing career path. The programs and their successful outcomes are shared as exemplars for enhancing the education of new OR nurses and generating interest in OR nursing as a career path. PMID:27234797

  18. CAREER GUIDANCE EXPERIENCE ABROAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey N. Tolstoguzov

    2015-01-01

    ; earlier fixing of professional preferences and less flexible relation to an unsuccessful choice of a speciality or profession of the youth is marked there. The most typical characteristics of foreign career-oriented schemes are the following: the organisation of continuous training lasting throughout all school; supervision over students’ achievements, propensities and hobbies; portfolio or cumulative files drafting and recording data of all pupil’s results while professional consulting and selection of entrants for vocational training continuation in colleges or high schools. The author points out the general characteristic: the economy requirement for high quality experts on the basis of selection of the pupils who are able to master high-end technologies and have an obvious potential of professional growth and personal development. Practical significance. The research materials and implementations can be useful to Russian career-and professional specialists, and the experts who are engaged in education management. 

  19. Two Generations of Path Dependence in Economics?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

    2010-01-01

    Even if there is no fully articulated and generally accepted theory of Path Dependence it has eagerly been taken up across a wide range of social sciences – primarily coming from economics. Path Dependence is most of all a metaphor that offers reason to believe, that some political, social or eco...... economic processes have multiple possible paths of outcomes, rather than a unique path of equilibria. The selection among outcomes may depend on contingent choices or events – outcomes of path-dependent processes require a very relevant study – a perception of history....

  20. William James College. A Model for Integrating Liberal and Career Education. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grand Valley State Colleges, Allendale, MI. William James Coll.

    A project was conducted at William James College (Michigan) to develop a model designed to demonstrate the infusion of career education into liberal arts education. The project focused on the following five types of activity: (1) increasing faculty understanding of career education to provide strategies for relating teaching to career choices; (2)…

  1. Career competencies for the modern career

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers, M.A.C.T.; Scheerens, J.

    2006-01-01

    Career development gains new meaning in the context of employability demands in a knowledge economy. In this context, increased mobility, a dynamic work environment, and an increased level of career support from employers are seen as characteristics of a modern career. All of these characteristics p

  2. Airline Careers. Aviation Careers Series. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharevitz, Walter

    This booklet, one in a series on aviation careers, outlines the variety of careers available in airlines. The first part of the booklet provides general information about careers in the airline industry, including salaries, working conditions, job requirements, and projected job opportunities. In the main part of the booklet, the following 22 job…

  3. Airport Careers. Aviation Careers Series. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharevitz, Walter

    This booklet, one in a series on aviation careers, outlines the variety of careers available in airports. The first part of the booklet provides general information about careers at airports, while the main part of the booklet outlines the following nine job categories: airport director, assistant airport director, engineers, support personnel,…

  4. Authentic Science Experiences as a Vehicle for Assessing Orientation towards Science and Science Careers Relative to Identity and Agency: A Response to "Learning from the Path Followed by Brad"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, Pauline W. U.

    2009-01-01

    This response draws from the literature on adaptive learning, traditional ecological knowledge, and social-ecological systems to show that Brad's choice is not a simple decision between traditional ecological knowledge and authentic science. This perspective recognizes knowledge systems as dynamic, cultural and historical activities characterized…

  5. CERN's new Career Structure Main Changes in a Nutshell

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    All Staff Members will have received an official notification of their position in the new career path structure, with effect from 1 September 2001. A Weekly Bulletin announcement two weeks ago (Bulletin 33/2001) referred to documents and contacts for individual or general information, notably via the HR Division Web site (see below). The present article summarises the main changes between the MOAS and the MAPS (Merit Advancement and Promotion Scheme). The aim of MAPS is to make the career structure more dynamic, while retaining positive elements of the MOAS scheme, notably an annual interview and performance assessment process. The main changes are: - Career reviews including salary band promotion at several stages in a person's career replace the previous automatic grade-to-grade progression within a career path. - Speeds of advancement can be modulated to a greater extent. - The exceptional advancement zone is re-designed. - Premiums or allowances linked to performance, responsibility, and specific labou...

  6. Physics Careers: To the Bachelor's Degree and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Crystal

    2012-03-01

    In our current era, society needs an increased representation of physicists in the workforce to help solve the growing number of societal and environment problems we collectively face. And even though a physics bachelor's degree opens the door to an incredible diversity of high-paying and rewarding careers, most undergraduates are only aware of academic career paths (having mostly encountered only physics professors during their lifetime). This talk will provide in-depth information about physics career paths outside of academia which available to those with a bachelor's degree in physics, and will discuss how these options change as one moves through an advanced degree in physics. The talk will include real-life examples of working physicists at all stages of the degree path, and salary and employment sector statistics for physics bachelors, masters, and PhD recipients. The talk will also include information on additional careers and professional development resources for students.

  7. Academic career in medicine – requirements and conditions for successful advancement in Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Stamm Martina; Buddeberg-Fischer Barbara; Buddeberg Claus

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates a sample of young physicians aspiring to an academic career were surveyed on their career support and barriers experienced up to their sixth year of postgraduate training. Methods Thirty-one junior academics took part in semi-structured telephone interviews in 2007. The interview guideline focused on career paths to date, career support and barriers experienced, and recommendations for jun...

  8. The Civil Servants Career Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Comãnescu

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The current economic and financial context, influenced by the crisis, as well as the need of meeting the European Union standards, make the permanent restructuring of the workforce, combined with career staff development an extremely important line of action. Career consists of succession of positions in a hierarchy, resulting from a series of experiences, correlated with each other, through which any person pass along life. Career or professional development is a process more complex than training, aimed at acquiring useful knowledge, both in relation to the current and future positions, along the life span and development of a person. In the Romanian labour market conditions, organizations need to find the most appropriate way to identify, attract and maintain, with maximum efficiency, performant human resources with exceptional skills and/or professional experience. The choice of specialization has become a component of education. A well-determined vocational guidance system may allow for that choice of specialization which directly answers to the market requirements.

  9. Postdoctoral Positions and Career Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manka, R. H.

    2001-12-01

    Career choices begin to diverge at the time the doctorate is received. A variety of career options are available to pursue including positions in academia, government, and industry as well as non-traditional services. A postdoctoral appointment is worth considering as preparation for a career in academia or basic research. The postdoctoral appointment can expand the recent graduate's background and broaden their scientific perspective and reputation. Postdoctoral experience may even be essential to be competitive for some faculty and research laboratory appointments. However, there is a wide range of postdoctoral choices to consider. There are many opportunities for postdoctoral appointments in universities, and emerging opportunities in some corporate laboratories. We will mention opportunities in federal laboratories such as the National Research Council programs in NASA, NOAA, EPA, and the Dept. of Defense, which are open to U.S. citizens and in some cases to non-U.S. applicants, to pursue research in all areas of the Earth and space sciences. And there are exciting new interdisciplinary programs such as the NASA Astrobiology Institute, as well as international opportunities including the von Humboldt fellowships in Germany and similar programs elsewhere in Europe, Japan, and other countries.

  10. LGBT Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedro, Julie

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, I would like to open a conversation with my HRD colleagues about the issues related to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) career development. This paper provides some insights about LGBT career development, analyzing the factors that distinguish LGBT career development from heterosexual career development.

  11. Career Integration in the Public Accounting Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ras, Gerard J. M.

    2008-01-01

    This paper seeks to solve the labor shortage in the public accounting profession. It examines why people want to become CPAs, the influence of generational differences on career choices and considers methods to attract and retain CPAs that focus on attracting students, work-life balance issues and alternative work arrangements through career…

  12. Career and Family Plans of College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff, Susan B.

    Factors which mediate the life decisions of college men and women were examined. Undergraduates (N=107) completed questionnaires about career and family plans, notions of success and failure, integration of two potentially conflicting roles, and the relationship between personal values, life goals, and choices. Results indicated that: (1) women…

  13. Table or Circles: A Comparison of Two Methods for Choosing among Career Alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amit, Adi; Gati, Itamar

    2013-01-01

    A sample of 182 young adults about to choose their college major were randomly assigned to 2 guidance methods aimed at facilitating choosing among promising career alternatives: Table-for-Choice and Circles-for-Choice. Table-for-Choice was perceived as more effective, but individuals' confidence in their choice was higher in the Circles-for-Choice…

  14. Influences on the career commitment of health-care managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myrtle, Robert C; Chen, Duan-Rung; Liu, Caroline; Fahey, Daniel

    2008-11-01

    The health-care field is undergoing rapid and significant transformation. This transformation has led to the breakdown of traditional career paths for managers in the patient care segment of the industry. To our knowledge, there has not been a systematic examination of how these changes have impacted on the career commitment of managers in this segment of the industry. Building on previous research, we examine the effects of employment-related conditions and career experiences on the career commitment of these managers while controlling for the influence of individual characteristics. Specifically we assess the relationship between employment-related conditions, such as job security, position tenure, industry segment, management level and the extent to which their current position meets their career expectations, and their career experiences, including moving from a non-health-care management position, moving from a different health-care sector, their career stage, career patterns and their satisfaction with their career progression. We found that measures associated with the different employment-related experiences had a more significant influence on career commitment than those measures associated with different career experiences. PMID:18957403

  15. Perspectives of women of color in science-based education and careers. Summary of the conference on diversity in science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    Research on inequality or stratification in science and engineering tends to concentrate on black/white or male/female difference; very few studies have discussions of both race and gender. Consequently, very little is known about the exact course that women of color take in science-based education and employment or about the course that steers them out of science-based careers. Questions abound: What are the environmental factors that affect the choices in education and science-based careers of women of color? What has influenced women of color who currently are in science-based careers? Is critical mass important and, if so, what are the keys to increasing it? What recommendations can be made to colleges and universities, faculty members, employers, the federal government, women of color themselves, and to improve the conditions and numbers of women of color in science-based careers? These questions prompted the National Research Council`s Committee on Women in Science and Engineering (CWSE) to convene a conference on Diversity in Science: Perspectives on the Retention of Minority Women in Science, Engineering, and Health-Care Professions, held on October 21--23, 1995. Confronting the problem of the lack of knowledge about the journey of women of color in science-based education and career, the conference offered opportunities for these women to describe the paths that they have taken and to identify strategies for success. Their perspectives ground this report. For purposes of this document, women of color include women in the following racial or ethnic groups: Hispanics, African-Americans, Asian and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Science-based careers include those in the physical sciences and mathematics, life sciences, social sciences, and engineering.

  16. Food Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Ehlers Bloksted, Josephine; Knudsen, Anna Althea; Boie Hvid, Amanda; Bang Christensen, Andrea; Ali Ismail, Mohamed Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    This paper illustrates the connection found between food choices, and the influences from society and the digital Media, more specifically television commercials. We have covered different aspects of social and psychological theories, aiming to explain how the individual is affected by social factors. We have drawn conclusions on how the individual is inflicted by society when concerning choice making, as well as covering the psychological aspects that are relevant in connection to this. Last...

  17. Career development resource: academic career in surgical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfey, Hilary; Gantt, Nancy L

    2012-07-01

    Academic surgeons play an instrumental role in the training of our medical students and surgical residents. Although volunteer faculty often have an important role in the clinical development of surgeons-in-training, the tasks of curricular development, structured didactic sessions, professional advising, research sponsorship, and mentoring at all levels fall to the academic surgeon. Historically, the career advancement path for an academic physician favored grant acquisition and scholarly publication. Broader definitions of scholarship have emerged, along with corresponding modifications in academic award systems that allow advancement in faculty rank based on a surgeon's educational efforts. PMID:22704713

  18. The AIP career pathways project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauncy, Toni; Redmond, Kendra; Czujko, Roman

    2015-12-01

    An average 40% of all physics baccalaureate degree recipients in the United States go directly into the work-force rather than entering graduate school. Departments aiming to build robust programs must prepare all students for a broad range of career paths, but the default focus is typically on preparing students for advanced physics degrees. Under-graduate physics programs, with effective recruitment, retention, and appropriate preparation of students, have the potential to add qualified individuals to the STEM workforce. We present results from an investigation to understand, compile, and disseminate effective practices for preparing undergraduate physics students to enter the STEM workforce upon graduation.

  19. Investigation of social cognitive career theory for minority recruitment in school psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocanegra, Joel O; Gubi, Aaron A; Cappaert, Kevin J

    2016-06-01

    School psychology trainers have historically struggled to adequately increase the number of professionals from diverse backgrounds. An increase in diverse providers is important in meeting the needs of a burgeoning racial/ethnic minority student population. Previous research suggests that minority undergraduate psychology students have less knowledge and exposure to school psychology than for counseling and clinical psychology, and that students with greater exposure or knowledge of school psychology reported significantly greater choice intentions for school psychology. The purpose of this study is to test the applicability of the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) in explaining minority undergraduate psychology students' choice intentions for school psychology. This study is an analysis of existing data and is based on a national sample of 283 minority undergraduate psychology students. All instruments used in this study were found to have internal consistency ranging from .83 to .91. Students' learning experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and choice intentions for school psychology were evaluated by way of a mediator analysis. Results from a path analysis suggest that outcome expectations mediated the relationship between exposure and choice intentions for school psychology. Implications for minority recruitment practices are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27243246

  20. Promoting sustainable excellence through diversity in research careers

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Dr. Vinkenburg, Claartje; Guinot, Genevieve

    2015-01-01

    Excellence is a non-negotiable in science, a necessary condition for a successful careers as well as the funding of research projects. Scientific excellence is the sole criterion used by the European Research Council (ERC) to award frontier research grants. However, statistics show that there are still persistent inequalities between men and women scientists in ERC funding success as well as other career outcomes. Dr. Claartje Vinkenburg, of the VU University of Amsterdam, will illustrate two projects commissioned by the ERC Gender Balance Working Group to uncover and address this phenomenon. The first project [ERCAREER (Vinkenburg PI, 2012-2014)] is about unconventional careers and career breaks, and studies the gendered nature of career paths of ERC applicants. Findings show that “conventional careers” in science are inextricably tied to normative beliefs about the ideal academic, mobility, independence, and excellence. Allowing unconventional careers to address the issue results in ir...

  1. The career distress scale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Creed, Peter; Hood, Michelle; Praskova, Anna;

    2016-01-01

    Career distress is a common and painful outcome of many negative career experiences, such as career indecision, career compromise, and discovering career barriers. However, there are very few scales devised to assess career distress, and the two existing scales identified have psychometric...... weaknesses. The absence of a practical, validated scale to assess this construct restricts research related to career distress and limits practitioners who need to assess and treat it. Using a sample of 226 young adults (mean age 20.5 years), we employed item response theory to assess 12 existing career......, which we combined into a scale labelled the Career Distress Scale, demonstrated excellent psychometric properties, meaning that both researchers and practitioners can use it with confidence, although continued validation is required, including testing its relationship to other nomological net variables...

  2. Authentic science experiences as a vehicle for assessing orientation towards science and science careers relative to identity and agency: a response to ``learning from the path followed by Brad''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, Pauline W. U.

    2009-09-01

    This response draws from the literature on adaptive learning, traditional ecological knowledge, and social-ecological systems to show that Brad's choice is not a simple decision between traditional ecological knowledge and authentic science. This perspective recognizes knowledge systems as dynamic, cultural and historical activities characterized by diverse worldviews and ways of constructing and legitimizing knowledge. Brad's decision is seen as an example of adaptive learning, identity development and personal/collective agency oriented to increasing tribal influence in resource management decisions and policies. I will conclude that science literacy for all is not served by a transcendent, universal, Western modern view of science.

  3. Path Creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karnøe, Peter; Garud, Raghu

    2012-01-01

    This paper employs path creation as a lens to follow the emergence of the Danish wind turbine cluster. Supplier competencies, regulations, user preferences and a market for wind power did not pre-exist; all had to emerge in a tranformative manner involving multiple actors and artefacts....... Competencies emerged through processes and mechanisms such as co-creation that implicated multiple learning processes. The process was not an orderly linear one as emergent contingencies influenced the learning processes. An implication is that public policy to catalyse clusters cannot be based on an...

  4. How high school students envision their STEM career pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lin; Barnett, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Given that many urban students exclude Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics careers from their career choices, the present study focuses on urban high school students and adopts the social-cultural approach to understand the following questions: how do students envision their careers? What are the experiences that shape students' self-reflections? And how do students' self-reflections influence the way they envision their future careers? Five students were interviewed and data were coded in two ways: by topic domains and confidence levels. The research findings indicate that: first, a lack of information about future careers limits students from developing effective strategic plans; second, students' perceived ability to handle situations of potential barriers and communications with their parents might contribute to their certainty about and confidence in future careers.

  5. Research on the evaluation indicators of skilled employees’ career success based on grounded theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulei Chu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: summarized and sorted career success evaluation indicators of skilled employees Design/methodology/approach: Based on Grounded Theory, through interviews and questionnaires to railway skilled employees Findings and Originality/value: the study shows that “subjective career success”, including work-family balance, life satisfaction, career satisfaction, perception of career success, “objective career success”, including level of total revenue venue, growth rate of wage and times of promotion, “knowledge and skills career success” including upgrade of knowledge and skills, classification of skills, external competitiveness and job autonomy, are three important career success evaluation indicators of skilled employees. Originality/value: The results show that different age groups, different titles and different positions of skilled employees, there is a significant difference in the choice of career success evaluation indicators. It provides a useful reference to establish a career development system for the skilled employees.

  6. Ranking paths in stochastic time-dependent networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lars Relund; Andersen, Kim Allan; Pretolani, Daniele D.

    2014-01-01

    some particular cases an origin–destination path must be chosen a priori, since time-adaptive choices are not allowed. Unfortunately, finding the a priori shortest path is an NP-hard problem. In this paper, we propose a solution method for the a priori shortest path problem, and we show that it can be...

  7. Archetypal values of science and engineering staff in relation to their career orientations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didi-Mari du Toit

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Career decision-making in the 21st century is increasingly guided by the individuals’ deep-seated values and career orientations, as they are required to become proactive career agents in the pursuit of their career.Research purpose: The objective of the study was to explore the relationship between individuals’ archetypal values (measured by the Pearson–Marr Archetype Indicator and career orientations (measured by the Career Orientations Inventory. The study also assessed the differences between race, gender, marital status, employment status and age groups regarding the archetypal values and career orientations of the individuals.Motivation for study: Career counsellors and industrial psychologists are increasingly required to explore new career guidance frameworks that are relevant and appropriate to the evolving nature of careers.Research design, approach and method: A quantitative survey was conducted. A non-probability sample of 207 voluntary participants employed within the science and engineering sector was obtained.Main findings: Correlational analyses revealed that the participants’ archetypal values related significantly to their career orientations. The various biographical groups differed significantly regarding their archetypal values and career orientations.Practical/managerial implications: The findings highlight the importance of understanding the deep-seated archetypal values that seem to explain the individuals’ career choices and decisions, and how these values differ regarding these choices and decisions.Contribution/value-add: The explanatory utility of the results may prove useful to enhance the individuals’ self-insight in their career choices and experiences. This study represents original research that contributes new knowledge to the field of career psychology and career counselling practices.

  8. CareerConnector

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — CareerConnector is USAID's premiere recruiting tool. It is powered by Monster and integrated with www.usajobs.gov. CareerConnector tracks the progression of a...

  9. Goodbye Career, Hello Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komisar, Randy

    2000-01-01

    Success in today's economy means throwing out the old career rules. The "noncareer" career is driven by passion for the work and has the fluidity and flexibility needed in the contemporary workplace. (JOW)

  10. Individual Career Planning

    OpenAIRE

    Dina Paul; Teliceanu Viorel Gabriel; Chiriac Marius

    2011-01-01

    Individual career planning defines a complex and customized process, run in parallel on two temporal axes. The management of developing a career management is a challenge to every inidivid because the levers used are not standardized and can be adapted to any employer from the labor market An optimal behavior in short-term career management requires both deep knowledge of active methods for career development and their efficient handling. Professional succes can be ensured by a correct correl...

  11. Career streaming: a model of career development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyck, D; Walker, M

    1996-04-01

    1. A career is an individually perceived sequence of attitudes and behaviors associated with work related experiences and activities over the span of the person's life. 2. Every career ultimately reaches some sort of a plateau--a position from which someone is unlikely to advance to a higher level of responsibility in their career. The danger is they will become unmotivated and apathetic. 3. One method proposed for keeping employees challenged and interested is career streaming--a model of career development for employees within a defined professional field. The challenge is to provide a range of levels with defined skills for each level. The model developed for an occupational health service is provided as an example. PMID:8788405

  12. Language of Instruction: Choices and Consequences. PREL Briefing Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simanu-Klutz, Fata

    This briefing paper focuses on the choices of instructional language in Pacific classrooms, as mandated by national or state policies, and discusses consequences of such choices on students' academic achievement and career preparation in the changing Pacific region. The paper first notes that in most South Pacific secondary schools, English is the…

  13. Career Week Information Session

    OpenAIRE

    Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

    2012-01-01

    The Bank seeks to promote a results-oriented culture that sustains all employees, aligning personal aspirations with organizational needs by promoting a work environment that allows for flexibility, growth, and development. This presentation explains Bank's Career Management Framework (CMF), how the Bank is supporting its employees' career development and CMF & CareerPoint System roll out.

  14. Ohio Career Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Career-Technical and Adult Education.

    This resource is designed to provide Ohio labor market information for use with advisory committees to stimulate and inform dialogue about the current evaluation and future planning of programs. It provides reports for 23 career fields in 6 career clusters. Each report highlights careers and occupations in the field and answers these questions:…

  15. Global Managers' Career Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappellen, Tineke; Janssens, Maddy

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to empirically examine the career competencies of global managers having world-wide coordination responsibility: knowing-why, knowing-how and knowing-whom career competencies. Design/methodology/approach: Based on in-depth interviews with 45 global managers, the paper analyzes career stories from a content analysis…

  16. Hard Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The international community is still faced with the difficult choice of how to finally solve the North Korean nuclear crisis after the new UN resolution After intensive consultations, members of the UN Security Council finally worked out a multilateral response to North Korea's recent nuclear test with the adoption of Resolution 1718 on October 14. Despite the strict economic sanctions it imposes on North Korea under ChapterⅦof the Charter of the

  17. Path-Goal Models as a Basis for the Design of Organization Reward Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, Jay R.

    The purpose of this paper has been to argue the usefulness of path-goal models in theoretical research and practical design of organization reward systems. The reasoning is that the policy choices can be easily related to path-goal attitudes which, in turn, are related to behavior. The major policy choices were identified and related to path-goal…

  18. Careers in Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, J.

    2015-11-01

    The debut of Gemini Observatory's “career brochures” and companion video website, brings the diversity and excitement of observatory careers to students in a new and innovative manner. The materials support the observatory's goal of diversifying its workforce and encouraging host community students (in Hawaii and Chile) to pursue STEM careers. By integrating brief printed profiles, with personal video interviews, students experience the excitement that observatory staff feel for their work and better appreciate observatory career opportunities that are challenging, rewarding, and foster a passion found in few other careers.

  19. Career Opportunities for Physicists: Panel Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    We live in a world full of opportunity for physics graduates. Join us for a unique opportunity to learn about some of these opportunities from our diverse panel of working physicists from industrial, national lab, and academic sectors. Topics of discussion will include panelists' daily experiences, how physics serves them in their career, and advice to students interested in following a similar path. Light refreshments will be served.

  20. Professional Orientation and Career Education for Students

    OpenAIRE

    Lemešonoka, Inta

    2015-01-01

    The turn of the 21st century has marked several changes in many social processes in the whole world including Europe and Latvia, such as the disappearance of antiquated professions and creation of completely new ones, which is related to replacing students´ professional orientation with career education.Rapid development and changes in the job market, unemployment, constantly increasing information about jobs and educational paths cause confusion, indecision and disinformation for schoolchild...

  1. Meta-analysis of choice set generation effects on route choice model estimates and predictions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prato, Carlo Giacomo

    2012-01-01

    modeling, but require them to generate choice sets by selecting a path generation technique and its parameters according to personal judgments. This paper proposes a methodology and an experimental setting to provide general indications about objective judgments for an effective route choice set generation....... Initially, path generation techniques are implemented within a synthetic network to generate possible subjective choice sets considered by travelers. Next, ‘true model estimates’ and ‘postulated predicted routes’ are assumed from the simulation of a route choice model. Then, objective choice sets are...... applied for model estimation and results are compared to the ‘true model estimates’. Last, predictions from the simulation of models estimated with objective choice sets are compared to the ‘postulated predicted routes’. A meta-analytical approach allows synthesizing the effect of judgments for the...

  2. Career on the Move: Geography, Stratification, and Scientific Impact

    CERN Document Server

    Deville, Pierre; Sinatra, Roberta; Song, Chaoming; Blondel, Vincent D; Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

    2014-01-01

    Changing institutions is an integral part of an academic life. Yet little is known about the mobility patterns of scientists at an institutional level and how these career choices affect scientific outcomes. Here, we examine over 420,000 papers, to track the affiliation information of individual scientists, allowing us to reconstruct their career trajectories over decades. We find that career movements are not only temporally and spatially localized, but also characterized by a high degree of stratification in institutional ranking. When cross-group movement occurs, we find that while going from elite to lower-rank institutions on average associates with modest decrease in scientific performance, transitioning into elite institutions does not result in subsequent performance gain. These results offer empirical evidence on institutional level career choices and movements and have potential implications for science policy.

  3. A TIME for nursing portfolios. A tool for career development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twaddell, Jennifer W; Johnson, Jennifer L

    2007-06-01

    Nursing portfolios are purposeful collections of a nurse's tangible and intangible skills, including critical thinking, communication, and clinical abilities. They can be used for any number of creative career and professional development paths. Nurses should select portfolio pieces representative of their personal philosophy of nursing and display the professional image they choose to create. Through self-reflection, neonatal nurses may showcase talents they feel make their practice distinctive. This article describes the purpose, importance, process, and uses of professional nursing portfolio development. Through the process of self-reflective practice and clinical experience, nurses are empowered to continue on the path of career development and professionalism. PMID:17844778

  4. Hard choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furedi, A

    1999-01-01

    The cultural discourse that frames the abortion debate has changed and become more complex over the years. To date, concerns about the need to defend the choice have shifted to moral and ethical issues surrounding abortion. The right of women to abortion can be situated in the context of ethical principles, which are basic to what we hold valuable in the modern society. The ethical principle of "procreative autonomy", the right of humans to control their own role in procreation has an unusually significant place in modern political culture in which human dignity was an important feature. Central to human dignity was the principle that "people possess the moral right and responsibility to answer the basic questions about the value and meaning of their own lives." Another crucial issue is the need to defend the "bodily autonomy" of women. Forcing women to support the fetus against her will flies against such principles as the need for voluntary consent to medical treatment. These arguments do not suggest for a moral indifference towards abortion choices, but as Ronald Dworkin argues, "tolerance is a cost we must pay for our adventure in liberty." PMID:12178906

  5. YOUTH LABOUR MARKET. MOBILITY, CAREER DEVELOPMENT, INCOMES. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Vasile Liviu; Vasile Valentina

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the main characteristics of the youth labour market, with a special view on mobility, career development and incomes. The paper is substantiated by and continues the researches of the authors on the topic of labour force mobility and on the one of adaptability, respectively on youths' beahviour on labour market (with particular consideration of young graduates) highlighting the factors that adjust choices regarding taking up a job, career advancement, labour motivation, pr...

  6. Career Entry and Success After Tertiary Vocational Education

    OpenAIRE

    Regula Geel; Uschi Backes-Gellner

    2011-01-01

    Using the Swiss Graduate Survey, we study how the type of tertiary education an individual chooses (i.e., vocational or academic) influences career entry and labor market success after graduation. Our results show that vocational graduates face less risky career entry than academic graduates. Considering endogenous educational choice by using parental education as an instrument, we find higher returns for vocational tertiary education. In the longer term, initial educational type effects disa...

  7. The Current Status, Advantages and Disadvantages, Path and Strategy Choice of RMB Internationalization%人民币国际化的现状、利弊、路径与战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰

    2012-01-01

    本文首先诠释了货币国际化的含义、衡量标准及决定因素;其次分析了人民币国际化的现状、进程及利弊;最后,根据当前的国际政治、经济、文化格局及货币国际化模式选择,认为人民币国际化将是一个漫长的过程,我国应采取渐进式的人民币国际化路径,在地域扩张、货币职能、演进历程上分别采取"三步走"的发展战略。%The article has firstly analyzed the definition, standard to measures and determinants of currency internationalization.Secondly ,the article has analyzed the current status, process, advantages and disadvantages of RMB internationalization. Finally, according to current international situation of politics, economics and culture, and mode selection of money internationalization, the article has believed RMB internationalization would be a longer process, China should persist in gradual advancing path, respectively adopt three-step of development strategy in expand of region, functions of money, process of evolution.

  8. 亚洲地区基金护照(ARFP)背景下的资本市场合作路径选择%Path choice of Asian Capital Market Cooperation under the Framework of Asian Regional fund Passport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯婷婷; 徐长春

    2014-01-01

    In accordance with the voluntary principle of APEC , patterns of cooperative agreement are formed . One of Asia's regional capital market cooperation paths is as follows: after the European fund passport , the Asian fund passport is in infancy .But the Asian economies are greatly different from the European economies .The capital market cooperation shoul both care the immediate and long -term interests.In a long run, the Asia-Pacific region should actively yet prudently proceed with ARFP construction .In a short run , opportunities should be seized so as to promote the construction of the Asian Investment Bank of Infrastructure .%按照APEC特有的自愿原则形成合作协议的模式,目前亚洲区域资本市场合作的路径之一---亚洲地区基金护照正继欧洲基金护照之后而在孕育之中。但亚洲经济体与欧洲经济体的实际情况差异巨大,亚太资本市场的合作要兼顾眼前和长远,从长时段看,亚太地区要积极稳妥推进ARFP建设;而从眼前看,要抓住机遇,切实推进亚洲基础设施投资银行建设。

  9. The Path Choice of the Breakthrough Development of Provincial Satellite TV in the Midwest%中西部省级卫视突破发展的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢小雅

    2012-01-01

    Television is the most influential cultural industry in modem times. With the increasingly fierce competi- tion in the media market, the Midwestem provincial satellite TV must make decisions on the following aspects: loo- king for the exact location, finding a breakthrough development, occupying the deserved shares in the future TV market. This paper puts forward the proposition through the empirical analysis that innovation, competition and co- operation is the survival development path for the rvlidwestem provincial satellite TV, using the theory of market structure and modem media.%电视媒体是最具影响力的现代文化产业形态。在传媒市场竞争日趋激烈的背景下,中西部地区省级卫视如何找准定位、突破发展,在未来的电视市场中占据应有份额,是中西部省份卫视频道必须面临的抉择。运用市场结构理论和现代传媒学理论,通过实证分析认为:创新、竞争、合作是中西部省级卫视生存发展的必然选择。

  10. The Choice of Internationalization Path to Local Accounting Firms in Guangxi%广西本土会计师事务所国际化的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘念萍

    2011-01-01

    The establishment of the China-ASEAN Free Trade Area provides opportunities and challenges for Chinese accounting firms that offer professional services of economic verification.The role of Nanning City,the permanent site of the China-ASEAN Expo,will push the internationalization process of local accounting firms in Guangxi.The internationalization path of local accounting firms includes the following aspects: occupy the market with the advantage of low cost;create internationalized service brand at local market;train internationalized talents at higher education;strengthen policy support and professional helping.%中国—东盟自由贸易区的建立,给作为提供经济鉴证类专业服务的我国会计师事务所带来新机遇和新挑战。广西南宁作为"中国—东盟博览会"的永久举办地,必将推动本土会计师事务所的国际化进程。广西本土会计师事务所实现国际化的路径是,以低成本优势占领市场,在本土市场打造国际化服务品牌,在高等教育中培养国际化人才,加强政策支持及行业帮扶。

  11. What Opportunities, When?: A Framework for Student Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, H.

    2007-12-01

    Geoscience faculty and departments have an important role to play in the professional development of their students for careers in the geosciences or other fields. We can promote career development of students at different career stages (e.g., first year students, geoscience majors, and graduate students) and in various ways by 1) providing information about jobs and careers, 2) encouraging exploration of options, 3) providing experiences throughout their program that develop skills, knowledge, and attitudes, and 4) supporting students in their job search. For example, in teaching general education classes, we can provide information about jobs and careers in the geosciences, showing images of specific geoscientists and discussing what they do, providing examples of practical applications of course content, and describing job prospects and potential salaries. For majors, this type of information could be presented by seminar speakers, through career panels, and via alumni newsletters. Exploration of options could include research and/or teaching experiences, internships, informational interviews, and involvement with a campus career services center. Courses throughout the curriculum as well as co-curricular experiences serve to provide experiences that develop skills, knowledge, and attitudes that will be useful for a range of jobs. Departments can support the job search by providing networking opportunities for students and alumni, widely distributing job announcements and encouraging individual students, offering departmental sessions on graduate school, different career options, and /or the job search process, conducting mock interviews and resume review sessions, and fostering connections between students and alumni. In all of this, we need to be supportive of student choices. Overall, faculty can help students make more informed career decisions and develop skills that will be of value in their career through a variety of strategies, work with students as an

  12. Survey of the current situation of career choices of the graduates of teachers′ colleges and universities%高师院校毕业生择业现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚国荣; 束从敏; 王旭东

    2001-01-01

    A sample survey of 1000 four-year students graduating from AnhuiNormal University indicates: Graduates go job-hunting mainly through human resources markets and job ads. They aren't satisfied with the "Mutual Selection, Interview between Supply and Demand" assigning policy upon graduation, College and middle school masters and administrative positions are their preferred choices. Individual abilities, salary and social position are also taken into account. In terms of time, graduates choose to participate in post-graduate examination before job-hunting. They consider practical abilities, communicative competence and family background to be the contributing factors of obtaining satisfying jobs.%通过对安徽师范大学1000多名本科毕业生的抽样调查表明:毕业生择业的主要途径是人才市场和各种招聘信息;对“双向选择、供需见面”的分配政策满意度不高;大学教师、中学教师、机关干部是大学生首选职业;在选择职业时,主要考虑发挥个人才能、工资水平和社会地位;在工作时间选择上倾向于先考研,再找工作,且毕业生认为有无实际才华、社交能力、家庭背景是获得职业的主要有利因素。

  13. Fundamentos Basicos de Career Education. Monografia en Career Education. [Basic Fundamentals of Career Education. Monograph in Career Education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    This document is the Spanish translation of ED 145 222, A Primer for Career Education. In this monograph, a view of the basic nature of the career education effort is discussed under the following topics: the basis of need for career education; the meaning and goals of career education; the difference between career education and vocational…

  14. An Examination of Preservice Teachers' Intentions to Pursue Careers in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dake; Wang, Qiu; Losinski, Mickey; Katsiyannis, Antonis

    2014-01-01

    An understanding of one's intention to pursue a career related to special education is crucial yet there is limited research in this area. This study examined factors that influence teacher candidates' intention to pursue a career in special education by surveying 214 preservice teachers. Data were analyzed using path analysis to capture…

  15. How Low-Qualified Adults Enact Their Career--Findings from a Narrative Study in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Peter C.; Kochem, Alexander J.; Weber-Hauser, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    Career paths, career development and participation in adult learning are to a large extent dependent on learning experiences and labour-market entrance in early life stages. However, within the group of people with relative weak educational and vocational background variance was found in terms of how people perceive their situation and how they…

  16. A Survey of Career Pathways of Engineering Deans in the United States: Strategies for Leadership Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargrove, S. Keith

    2015-01-01

    The career pathways of deans in higher education seem to follow the traditional model in academia from a senior faculty position and/or department chair. This however may be different from deans in engineering education. The goal of this survey research is to assess the career paths of current Deans of Colleges/Schools of Engineering in the United…

  17. Deviating from the standard: effects on labor continuity and career patterns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roman, A.A.

    2006-01-01

    Deviating from a standard career path is increasingly becoming an option for individuals to combine paid labor with other important life domains. These career detours emerge in diverse labor forms such as part-time jobs, temporary working hour reductions, and labor force time-outs, used to alleviate

  18. Becoming Vegetarian: An Analysis of the Vegetarian Career Using an Integrated Model of Deviance

    OpenAIRE

    Boyle, Joseph Edward

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation attempts to explore the nature of a particular food consumption pattern using a number of different deviance theories in order to outline the career path of vegetarianism. Using semi-structured interviews with 45 practicing vegetarians from two regions of the United States, the career path of the vegetarians was developed around David Matzaâ s (1969) theory of becoming deviant. Within each stage of Matzaâ s classic work, more specific theories were applied to explain the f...

  19. Building a career: gender and employment in a male-dominated profession

    OpenAIRE

    Caven, Valerie

    1999-01-01

    Models of employment have become gendered with the 'standard' or masculine model following an unbroken, linear career path whilst the feminine model comprises periods of both full-time and part-time employment as well as intervals of non-participation in the labour market. Commitment to work is defined against these norms with those women who follow the masculine career pattern being said to display greater commitment to work than those who follow an alternative path. It is considered that ca...

  20. The effect of a career guidance program on the career maturity levels of grade 11 and 12 learners / Avron Herr

    OpenAIRE

    Herr, Avron

    2002-01-01

    The single most common decision that people between the ages of 16 years and 22 years need to make is that of their career choice. Research in the field of career guidance has shown that the world of work is changing. It is generally accepted that an individual will be presented with many opportunities in the world of work and these give rise to the notion of multiple careers. To predict accurately what these opportunities might be is impractical and naive, if not impossible...

  1. Time, Self & Intertemporal Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CintiaRetz Lucci

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Neuroscientific studies of intertemporal choice (IC have focused mainly on the neural representation of self-control mechanisms and valuation. This reflects what has been considered as the core of the IC phenomenon. The claim of this paper is that deviations from exponential reward discounting as a function of time might be fully accounted for by the deviation of subjective time from calendar time. This claim is based on evidence that specificities of time perception can modulate discounting. Consequently, time perception is fundamental to IC and it is crucial to understand the mechanisms underlying time processing in different situations; to investigate when human time perception differs from time as represented by the calendar metric system; and to study how time perception predicts choices. This paper surveys the recent literature on time perception in order to discuss the measuring of IC through time-perception specificities. The notion of self is also discussed within this temporal perspective. If time perception modulates discounting, and time perception is related to self, the relationship between self and time perception becomes a new path to be explored in the IC studies.

  2. Why do different people choose different university degrees? Motivation and the choice of degree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anya eSkatova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Different people choose which undergraduate degree to study at the university for different reasons. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify individual differences in motivation that drive the undergraduate degree choice. We identified that people choose university degrees for four reasons: career concerns (Career, intrinsic interest (Interest in the subject, an opportunity to help others (Helping and because they are looking for an easy option into higher education (Loafing. We investigated whether these motivation apply to the choice of undergraduate degree in two samples: (1 undergraduate (N = 989 and (2 prospective (N = 896 students. We developed the Motivations Influencing Course Choice (MICC questionnaire to measure these motivations. Scales of Helping, Career, Loafing and Interest showed good psychometric properties, showed validity with respect to general life goals and personality traits, and predicted actual and prospective degree choices. We demonstrated that medical degrees were chosen due to a mixture of Helping and Career, while engineering degrees were associated with Career and low interest in the degree. The choice of art and humanities degrees was driven by Interest and low concern about future career, accompanied with high Loafing. We also demonstrated gender differences: females were high in Helping (both samples and Interest (only in undergraduate sample motivation, while males scored higher in Career (only in undergraduate sample and Loafing (both samples. The findings can feed into both theoretical accounts of proximal motivation as well as help to improve degree programmes at universities and provide better career advice.

  3. Why do different people choose different university degrees? Motivation and the choice of degree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skatova, Anya; Ferguson, Eamonn

    2014-01-01

    Different people choose undergraduate degrees to study at university for different reasons. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify individual differences in motivation that drive undergraduate degree choice. We identified that people choose university degrees for four reasons: career concerns (Career), intrinsic interest in the subject (Interest), an opportunity to help others (Helping) and because they are looking for an easy option to get into higher education (Loafing). We investigated whether these motivations apply to the choice of undergraduate degree in two samples: (1) undergraduate (N = 989) and (2) prospective (N = 896) students. We developed the Motivations Influencing Course Choice (MICC) questionnaire to measure these motivations. Scales of Helping, Career, Loafing, and Interest showed good psychometric properties, showed validity with respect to general life goals and personality traits, and predicted actual and prospective degree choices. We demonstrated that medical degrees were chosen due to a mixture of Helping and Career, while engineering degrees were associated with Career and low Interest in the degree. The choice of arts and humanities degrees was driven by Interest and low concern about future career, accompanied with high Loafing. We also demonstrated gender differences: females were high in Helping (both samples) and Interest (only in the undergraduate sample) motivation, while males scored higher in Career (only in the undergraduate sample) and Loafing (both samples). The findings can feed into both theoretical accounts of proximal motivation as well as provide help to improve degree programmes at universities and support better career advice. PMID:25431561

  4. MOOC有效教学的实施路径选择*--基于国外MOOC教师的视角%Path Choice for Effective MOOC Teaching:From the Foreign MOOC Teachers' Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕林; 李卢一

    2015-01-01

    Although there are a variety of controversial discussions on MOOC, the effectiveness of MOOC teaching is crucial to the long-term development and deep application of MOOC. It is obviously unfeasible for educators and educational institutions to copy the effective teaching experience and standards from traditional classroom contexts for MOOC teaching because of the essential characteristics of MOOC itself. The practical measures and lessons from foreign MOOC teachers provide a new perspective for the exploration of effective approaches to MOOC teaching. Four key features of the path to the effective MOOC teaching are proposed, including taking elaborate instructional design as the fundamental premise, engaging MOOC learners as the important direction, developing refined MOOC contents as the basic support, and strengthening the construction of MOOC forum to promote social interaction as a powerful force. These features are helpful for the theoretical researches, implementation and big data-based quantitative evaluation of effective MOOC teaching.%虽然当前关于MOOC的讨论众说纷纭,但是MOOC教学的有效性问题却是决定MOOC能否长远发展与深入应用的关键问题。MOOC本身所具有的诸多不同于传统课堂教学的本质特征,决定了教育者和教育机构不能完全照搬传统课堂教学情境下有效教学的标准来评价MOOC教学的有效性。国外MOOC教师实施MOOC教学的具体举措与经验为探讨MOOC有效教学的实施路径提供了新视角。MOOC有效教学的实施路径体现出四个关键特征:以精心的教学设计为根本前提、以提升MOOC学习者的学习投入度为重要导向、以精致得当的MOOC内容为基本依托、以加强MOOC论坛建设促进社会性互动为有力抓手,为MOOC有效教学的理论研究、实践行动和基于大数据的量化评价提供了参考。

  5. MOOC有效教学的实施路径选择*--基于国外MOOC教师的视角%Path Choice for Effective MOOC Teaching:From the Foreign MOOC Teachers' Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕林; 李卢一

    2015-01-01

    虽然当前关于MOOC的讨论众说纷纭,但是MOOC教学的有效性问题却是决定MOOC能否长远发展与深入应用的关键问题。MOOC本身所具有的诸多不同于传统课堂教学的本质特征,决定了教育者和教育机构不能完全照搬传统课堂教学情境下有效教学的标准来评价MOOC教学的有效性。国外MOOC教师实施MOOC教学的具体举措与经验为探讨MOOC有效教学的实施路径提供了新视角。MOOC有效教学的实施路径体现出四个关键特征:以精心的教学设计为根本前提、以提升MOOC学习者的学习投入度为重要导向、以精致得当的MOOC内容为基本依托、以加强MOOC论坛建设促进社会性互动为有力抓手,为MOOC有效教学的理论研究、实践行动和基于大数据的量化评价提供了参考。%Although there are a variety of controversial discussions on MOOC, the effectiveness of MOOC teaching is crucial to the long-term development and deep application of MOOC. It is obviously unfeasible for educators and educational institutions to copy the effective teaching experience and standards from traditional classroom contexts for MOOC teaching because of the essential characteristics of MOOC itself. The practical measures and lessons from foreign MOOC teachers provide a new perspective for the exploration of effective approaches to MOOC teaching. Four key features of the path to the effective MOOC teaching are proposed, including taking elaborate instructional design as the fundamental premise, engaging MOOC learners as the important direction, developing refined MOOC contents as the basic support, and strengthening the construction of MOOC forum to promote social interaction as a powerful force. These features are helpful for the theoretical researches, implementation and big data-based quantitative evaluation of effective MOOC teaching.

  6. The Impact of ICT on Career Counseling Services: A case Study of Nigerian Secondary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obi M. C.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies (ICT will need to be fully integrated into the delivery of careers services as the world is now in the global era. Such integration would not only have the potential to achieve more but would also increase the flexibility of services and enhance their quality. Career choice is an  important  decision  a  person  needs  to  make  in  his  life  time.  Unfortunately, many young people find it uneasy to make appropriate career choice. The  paper  focused  on  the  usage  of  career  counseling  services  in  selected public secondary schools in Nigeria. It sought to find out how students and teachers utilize  career  counseling  services,  students’  expectations  in  career  counseling services  and  how  school  principals  support  career  counseling  services.  Simple random  sampling  was  used  to  select  380  from 34  public  secondary  schools  from  the  sample  population.  Four-point Likert scale questionnaires were used to obtain data for the study. The findings revealed that the students use career counseling services to take career decision and aspiration, gather career information and select and take subjects that match their career interest. Secondary school teachers use career counseling services to guide students to make appropriate subject choice that match their career interest and help them with their career challenges and plans. This paper recommends that career counselors should integrate use of ICT, through the use of chat rooms, email and social networking. In other words several choice of career could be show to the students on DVD and CD Video. They should also be exposed to TV and radio Chat on Career choice.

  7. Testing times: careers market policies and practices in England and the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Deirdre; Meijers, Frans; Kuijpers, Marinka

    2015-01-01

    Careers work is a very political business. Since the early 1990s, successive governments in England and the Netherlands have persistently challenged those working in the careers sector to demonstrate the educational, social and economic value and impact of their work. In this context, the marketisation of career guidance policies and practices has expanded, with a growing assumption that market-based goods and services ensure greater responsiveness to consumer choice and offer better and/or m...

  8. Examining the Level of Career maturity among Foreign Asian Students by measuring Academic Level

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Tekke; Faiz Bin Adam Ghani

    2013-01-01

    The Asian individuals are dependent and collectivist compared with the western individuals that are independent and individualistic. Foreign Asian students choosing similar courses with their country friends do not reveal their career maturity and also lead to negative effect on their choices.  This study aims at examining the level of career maturity of foreign Asian students in Malaysia based on academic level by using the Career Maturity Inventory. Two hundred and twenty nine ( Male=106, ...

  9. Education, occupation and career expectations: determinants of the gender pay gap for UK graduates

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier, Arnaud

    2006-01-01

    Despite anti-discrimination policies, women are paid 20% less then men in the UK. A large proportion of this wage gap is usually left unexplained. In this paper, I investigate whether the unexplained component is due to misspecification. Using a sample of recent UK graduates, I examine the role of choice variables (subject of study and occupation) as well as career expectations and aspirations. The evidence indicates that women are more altruistic and less career-oriented than men. Career bre...

  10. A Comparative Study on Malay and Chinese Accounting Students’ Perceptions on Accounting Career

    OpenAIRE

    Erlane K Ghani; Jamaliah Said

    2009-01-01

    Using questionnaire survey, this study examines accounting students’ attitude on accounting career. Specifically, this study examines whether there is any significant difference on the accounting students’ attitude of accounting career caused by cultural differences as differentiated by race. Two large groups of races in Malaysia were chosen: Malay students and Chinese students. The results show a significance difference in accounting career choice between the Malay studen...

  11. Choice & Consequence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khan, Azam

    To move toward environmental sustainability, we propose that a computational approach may be needed due to the complexity of resource production and consumption. While digital sensors and predictive simulation has the potential to help us to minimize resource consumption, the indirect relation be...... principles of data analysis and instructional interface design, to both simulation systems and decision support interfaces. We hope that projects such as these will help people to understand the link between their choices and the consequences of their decisions....... between cause and effect in complex systems complicates decision making. To address this issue, we examine the central role that data-driven decision making could play in critical domains such as sustainability or medical treatment. We developed systems for exploratory data analysis and data visualization...... to support hypothesis generation, hypothesis testing, and decision making. In addition to sensors in buildings, infrastructure, or the environment, we also propose the instrumentation of user interfaces to help measure performance in decision making applications. We show the benefits of applying...

  12. Improving Graduate Education to Support a Branching Career Pipeline: Recommendations Based on a Survey of Doctoral Students in the Basic Biomedical Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhrmann, C. N.; Halme, D. G.; O'Sullivan, P. S.; Lindstaedt, B.

    2011-01-01

    Today's doctoral programs continue to prepare students for a traditional academic career path despite the inadequate supply of research-focused faculty positions. We advocate for a broader doctoral curriculum that prepares trainees for a wide range of science-related career paths. In support of this argument, we describe data from our survey of…

  13. An empirical study on the college graduates' career development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kuo-Lin

    2008-12-01

    Employment relations in Japan becomes flexible and uncertain in recent years. Career-related terms were widely introduced to Japan. Recent Japanese studies on career argued the responsibility of career development between the organization and individuals. This article discusses the determination of occupational choice and latter career development based on the interviews of Takasaki City University of Economics (TCUE) alumni. First, their ideals of vocational life before entering the labour market as well as their latter modification and development are examined. Second, their motivation for getting the first job is looked into. Finally, the ownership of individual career in Japanese firms is discussed by clarifying the way the interviewees become directors or leaders. The results show people engaged in a sole company have unclear career visions, but have stronger eagerness for being an ordinary salaried worker than others. Whatever one's dream is, getting a job for now would be a favourable attitude toward career development. The ownership of an employee's career still dominated by the organization could be confirmed. PMID:19227197

  14. Gender Identity and Career Aspiration to Top Management of Malaysian Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karami, Roya; Ismail, Maimunah; Sail, Rahim Md.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between gender identity and career aspirations of a group of Iranian international postgraduate students studying at a Malaysian public university. This study uses the Farmer's Achievement Motivation Theory and Astin's Sociopsychological Model of Career Choice as theoretical framework. The data were collected…

  15. Men in Traditional and Nontraditional Careers: Gender Role Attitudes, Gender Role Conflict, and Job Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodson, Thomas A.; Borders, L. DiAnne

    2006-01-01

    Men established in traditional (mechanical engineering, n = 100) and nontraditional (elementary school counseling, n = 100) careers were compared on their career compromise choices (sex type vs. prestige), adherence to masculinity ideology, gender role conflict, and job satisfaction. The engineers tended to choose sex type over prestige; the…

  16. A Conceptual Framework Examining the Antecedents of Career Decisiveness Using Motivation Systems Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Srabasti

    2013-01-01

    An extensive body of vocational research has been dedicated to the topic of career-decision making behavior. Work is integral to human functioning, and all psychologists need to understand the role of work in people's lives. Understanding factors influencing work choices and helping individuals effectively make career decisions is the focus…

  17. An Ever-Changing Meaning: A Career Constructivist Application to Working with African Refugees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, L. Marinn; Gibbons, Melinda M.

    2012-01-01

    Refugees are expected to determine how to integrate past experiences into their lives in a new culture. Constructivist approaches to counseling allow refugees opportunities to determine how to integrate these experiences into their future career choices. Refugee experiences throughout the resettlement process and a constructivist career counseling…

  18. Handbook of Career Counseling for Women. 2nd Edition. Contemporary Topics in Vocational Psychology Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, W. Bruce, Ed.; Heppner, Mary, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this book is to give career counselors knowledge awareness, and skills to work with diverse girls and women to make their lives as authentic, meaningful, and rewarding as they can possibly be. It is designed to help career counselors work with diverse girls and women as they pursue the ever widening choices in their lives. In addition,…

  19. Effect of Training in Rational Decision Making on the Quality of Simulated Career Decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krumboltz, John D.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Determined if training in rational decision making improves the quality of simulated career decisions. Training in rational decision making resulted in superior performance for females on one subscore of the knowledge measure. It also resulted in superior simulated career choices by females and younger males. (Author)

  20. The Role of Personality in Adolescent Career Planning and Exploration: A Social Cognitive Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Mary E.; Creed, Peter A.; Glendon, A. Ian

    2008-01-01

    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) recognises the importance of individual differences and contextual influences in the career decision-making process. In extending the SCCT choice model, this study tested the role of personality, social supports, and the SCCT variables of self-efficacy, outcome expectations and goals in explaining the career…

  1. A general framework for shortest path algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.H.L.M. Pijls (Wim); A.W.J. Kolen

    1992-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we present a general framework for shortest path algorithms, including amongst others Dijkstra's algorithm and the A* algorithm. By showing that all algorithms are special cases of one algorithm in which some of the nondeterministic choices are made deterministic, terminati

  2. Careers in science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The objective of this book is to expose junior and senior high school students to the science and technology fields. It also will convey the importance of getting a general education in science and mathematics while still in high school and of continuing such studies in college. This is intended to encourge students, particularly underrepresented minorities and women, to consider and prepare for careers in science and technology. This book attempts to point out the increasing importance of such knowledge in daily life regardless of occupational choice. This book is intended to be used by junior and senior high school students, as a classroom reference by teachers, and by scientist and engineers participating in outreach activities.

  3. What Is "Career Ready"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Career and Technical Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    All too often, the terms "career ready" and "college ready" are used interchangeably, and discussions around career readiness are limited to traditional academic skills that allow students to successfully enroll in postsecondary education. While there is no debate that a rigorous level of academic proficiency, especially in math and literacy, is…

  4. Careers in Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, Mort; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A career in the broadcasting, recording, or film industries is attractive to many people, partly because of the glamour that tends to be identified with these fields. Several of the best known careers, completely behind the scenes or only partly in the spotlight but also interesting and challenging, are described. (Editor/RK)

  5. Illinois' Career Cluster Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankowski, Natasha A.; Kirby, Catherine L.; Bragg, Debra D.; Taylor, Jason L.; Oertle, Kathleen M.

    2009-01-01

    This booklet provides information to multiple stakeholders on the implementation of career clusters in Illinois. The booklet is an extension of the previous edition titled "An Introduction to Illinois CTE Programs of Study" (2008), and provides a resource for partners to understand Illinois' Career Cluster Model as its own adaptation of the…

  6. The Lifetime Career Manager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera, James C.; Albrecht, Charles F., Jr.

    This book provides a road map for readers to plan and develop their careers. It suggests self-assessment, setting short- and long-term goals, and working toward identified goals in short increments. Beyond careers, attention is paid to lifestyles and personal values. The book is organized in 17 chapters that cover the following topics: (1) the…

  7. Real Estate Career Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert; Gardner, Gene

    Designed to provide basic information on the major entry-level career fields in real estate, this document can be used as a reference manual for counselors and instructors. The manual contains general information about the following real estate careers: salesperson, sales manager, broker, land developer, property manager, appraiser, mortgage loan…

  8. Path Separability of Graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diot, Emilie; Gavoille, Cyril

    In this paper we investigate the structural properties of k-path separable graphs, that are the graphs that can be separated by a set of k shortest paths. We identify several graph families having such path separability, and we show that this property is closed under minor taking. In particular we establish a list of forbidden minors for 1-path separable graphs.

  9. Evaluation: A Critical Factor in Appropriate Career Development In Developing Economies

    OpenAIRE

    Joy Nkeiruka Onyeka; Ugwuegbulam Charles C.

    2013-01-01

    Developing economies are very often faced with challenging problems of under development. It becomes necessary therefore, that individuals within these economies are properly guided to face the challenges. Guidance and counselling assist people experience appropriate career choice and development. To achieve this, there must be reliable data. This paper examines the role of evaluation in appropriate career development. WAEC and NECO multiple choice test items in Mathematics were surveyed. The...

  10. Green Careers and the Community College: Embrace the Possibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diritsky, Irene L.

    2014-01-01

    This article identifies emerging green themes and describes the green career paths that exist for students who have completed community college level coursework. It also explores the green employment opportunities, future trends, job titles, and salary ranges expected in these positions. It questions the community college's higher education…

  11. Athletes’ careers across cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryba, Tatiana; Stambulova, Natalia

    This symposium will introduce a project developed under the auspices of the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) in an effort to inspire and support the development of culturally sensitive theoretical frameworks and research methodologies in career studies and career assistance services...... symposium continue the initiated dialogue of the relevance of culture and cultural issues in their analyses of how social and cultural discourses shape career development and career transitions of athletes in different countries. Opening the foundations of sport psychological knowledge to culturally diverse...... and, perhaps, unfamiliar intellectual traditions, perspectives and concerns, the symposium will demonstrate how local knowledge of problems enables researchers and practitioners to better understand the dynamics of cultural diversity within the topic of athlete career development and assistance....

  12. From Drafter to Engineer, Doctor to Nurse: An Examination of Career Compromise as Renegotiated by Working-Class Adults over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packard, Becky Wai-Ling; Babineau, Maureen E.

    2009-01-01

    This article explored career compromise as negotiated by working-class adults pursuing science-related careers. Using a multiple case study method, we focused on eight individuals who participated in an interview about their career choices and then were followed longitudinally for 2 years. All participants were first-generation college students…

  13. F.F. Bosworth: A historical analysis of his ministry development using social cognitive career theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roscoe Barnes

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to discuss the findings related to research on the life history of Fred Francis Bosworth (1877�1958. This article explored his life story and critically analysed the influential factors that may have contributed to his success in the ministry. It seeks to answer the question: �How did Bosworth develop into a famous healing evangelist?� The historical case study method was used as the research design. It also employed a variant of Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT, which suggests that a person�s career choice can be determined by his or her self-efficacy beliefs, goals and expected outcomes. This article is the first to offer a critical analysis of Bosworth�s entire life and ministry and is also the first to use the concepts of SCCT to show how his adulthood success may have been influenced by the experiences of his childhood and youth. This article argued that several factors played a critical role in Bosworth�s development. Although Bosworth and others have attributed his success primarily to his Pentecostal experience, this study contends that his childhood, as well as secular and business experiences played a more important role than has been reported in the literature. Furthermore, this article showed that Bosworth�s path to success can be understood through the elements of SCCT. Through SCCT, one can see how Bosworth developed an interest in the healing ministry, how he chose to pursue the ministry as a career, and how he performed and set goals as an evangelist.

  14. A study among dental students regarding the factors influenced dental students to choose dentistry as career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gobichetti Palayam Jagatheeswaran AnbuSelvan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Career choice is a complex decision for students since it determines the kind of profession that they intend to pursue in life. As students try to make a career choice while in secondary school, they face the problem of matching their career choices with their abilities and school performance. Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing career choice among dental college students in private dental collages in Tamil Nadu, India. Settings and Design: The study was conducted using descriptive survey design with a population of 989 students. The data for this study was collected using a questionnaire and interview schedules. Materials and Methods: The data for this study was collected using questionnaire previously used by Swati Shah and Rajaraman and interview schedules. The analysis of the study was based on the factors: Outcome expectations, gender, personal interests, and other factors. Results and Conclusion: The most common reason for among the dental students to choose dental science as their career choice was self-interested followed by didn′t get medicine degree, prestige and gives respect. The least common reasons observed in the study population were inspired by dentists. The findings of this study indicate that availability the most influential factors affecting career choices among students.

  15. K shortest paths in stochastic time-dependent networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lars Relund; Pretolani, Daniele; Andersen, Kim Allan

    2004-01-01

    A substantial amount of research has been devoted to the shortest path problem in networks where travel times are stochastic or (deterministic and) time-dependent. More recently, a growing interest has been attracted by networks that are both stochastic and time-dependent. In these networks, the...... best route choice is not necessarily a path, but rather a time-adaptive strategy that assigns successors to nodes as a function of time. In some particular cases, the shortest origin-destination path must nevertheless be chosen a priori, since time-adaptive choices are not allowed. Unfortunately......, finding the a priori shortest path is NP-hard, while the best time-adaptive strategy can be found in polynomial time. In this paper, we propose a solution method for the a priori shortest path problem, and we show that it can be easily adapted to the ranking of the first K shortest paths. Moreover, we...

  16. Medical school entrance and career plans of Malaysian medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razali, S M

    1996-11-01

    This study investigates the reasons for entry to medicine and the career perspectives of phase III medical students of the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). The majority of the students were Malays from low socio-economic backgrounds who entered medical school after completing a 2-year matriculation course. An interest in medicine and helping people were the two main stated reasons for entry to medical school. A group of students wishing to work in private practice was identified. In comparison to the rest of the study body, students in the group were: not well prepared to enter medical school; dissatisfied with the course; and subject to family influences. A desire for monetary gain motivated their choice of medicine as a career. Overall, 13% of the students wished to change career because they were dissatisfied with their experience of medicine as undergraduates. The study did not find a significant difference in career intentions between female and male medical students. However, women were less likely to seek entrance into private practice or pursue formal postgraduate education. The choice of surgery as a career was confined to men. About 90% of the students had already decided on their future specialty. Four well-established specialties were their most popular choices. The gender of the students had no significant influences of the decision to continue into postgraduate education. The proportion of female students who wished to marry doctors was significantly higher than for male students. PMID:9217903

  17. Germany's ECEC Workforce: A Difficult Path to Professionalisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauschenbach, Thomas; Riedel, Birgit

    2016-01-01

    In a European comparison, the childcare profession in Germany has taken a distinct path of development which is closely interwoven with the history of early childhood education and care (ECEC) in general. Institutional choices critical to this path are the assignment of childcare as part of social welfare, the pursuit of a maternalist tradition in…

  18. Creativity as a determinant of shaping the career path

    OpenAIRE

    Stobiecka, Natalia; Szyjkowska, Dominika

    2015-01-01

    Creativity is now an exposed trait. This is due to the high need for innovation, original and useful solutions that serve the development of the organization, their effective market entry and long-term survival. This publication is a collection of papers prepared under The First National Conference “CREATIVE VIBES. Kreatywnością napędzamy gospodarkę”, whose aim was to stir issues concerning the significance of creativity from the point of view of the development of innovative economy, as well...

  19. Career paths through the U.S. EPA

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a recent survey of employee satisfaction, the U.S. EPA was ranked 6th of the 30 large federal agencies that were surveyed (http://data.bestplacestowork.org). I have been working as a post doc at the EPA since receiving my Ph.D. in ecological physiology from the University of ...

  20. Woman's Career Path to Management through Effective Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyne, Marguerite

    Educators and people in industry are in a good position to educate and train both men and women for management roles. The following points should be emphasized for women preparing to assume managerial responsibilities: appropriate goals must be evaluated and clarified; special leadership skills and appropriate behavior will be expected; adjustment…

  1. Oh, the Places They Went: SBOs Share Their Career Paths

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    "Oh the Places You'll Go!" That Dr. Seuss book is a standard gift for graduates as they are sent out into the world-whether it's off to college or into the world of work. "You can steer yourself any direction you choose." What direction did school business officials take to get where they are today? The most recent…

  2. Tracking the Career Paths of Physics Teachers in Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mount, Jennifer; Marshall, Jill; Fuller, Edward

    2013-10-01

    In Texas, and some other states, there is a documented shortage of physics teachers, in terms of both number and qualifications. The shortage in Texas is due as much to teachers leaving the field (attrition) as to a lack of teachers entering. There are efforts under way to prepare more and better-qualified physics teachers who will stay in the field longer,2 but increasing the overall supply and retention will not necessarily address localized teacher shortages. To investigate this issue, we obtained a database cataloging every teacher who taught science in Texas public schools from 2003 to 2008, indicating the school where they taught during each of those years, the subjects they taught, and their route to certification. This allowed us to track not only teachers entering and leaving the public school system, but also migration between schools within the system. We found that migration poses a much bigger problem than attrition for some schools. We also found patterns in the movement of physics teachers in Texas that we would not necessarily have predicted and that varied substantially depending on certification.

  3. Family Matters: Father and Son Follow Same Career Path; Succeed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Kenneth J.

    2012-01-01

    Together, Samuel L. Myers Sr. and Jr. prove that the apple tree, when properly nurtured in the rich intellectual orchards of academia, will bear prime fruit that lands close to its roots. The Doctors Myers both earned bachelor's degrees from Morgan State University and then ventured to Boston for their Ph.D.s in economics. Though their specialties…

  4. Scientific careers and gender differences. A qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Gouthier

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In Europe, much effort has been devoted to explore the causes of the decline in number of university matriculations of science students and to identify gender differences in career choice. Yet, the problem extends to the fulfillment of career plans: given their professional expectations and their attitudes when choosing a career, girls are much less likely to pursue scientific careers such as engineering or physics. Evidence of this is provided by the social research carried out within the framework of the GAPP project (Gender Awareness Participation Process. The Gapp project is intended to investigate differences between girls and boys in their perception of science careers and to propose a range of innovative and concrete participatory activities involving scientists, engineers and professionals from the public and private S&T sectors. In this letter, we report a synthesis of the results of the social research conducted as first step of the project: exploring how the perceptions of science professions affect interest, motivation and subject choice at school, at the university and consequently in their career.

  5. Alternative careers in science leaving the ivory tower

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    Many science students find themselves in the midst of graduate school or sitting at a lab bench, and realize that they hate lab work! Even worse is realizing that they may love science, but science (at least academic science) is not providing many job opportunities these days. What's a poor researcher to do !? This book gives first-hand descriptions of the evolution of a band of hardy scientists out of the lab and into just about every career you can imagine. Researchers from every branch of science found their way into finance, public relations, consulting, business development, journalism, and more - and thrived there! Each author tells their personal story, including descriptions of their career path, a typical day, where to find information on their job, opportunities to career growth, and more. This is a must-read for every science major, and everyone who is looking for a way to break out of their career rut.

  6. Missouri Career Education. Career Resource Center Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Linda C.

    This bibliography contains a listing of 1276 materials in the Career Education Resource Center available for preview or short-term loan to Missouri educators. The first six sections classify materials by Elementary, Junior High, Senior High, Professional, Stereotyping, and Special Needs. Within each section materials are listed alphabetically by…

  7. Inter-Domain Redundancy Path Computation Methods Based on PCE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Rie; Oki, Eiji; Shiomoto, Kohei

    This paper evaluates three inter-domain redundancy path computation methods based on PCE (Path Computation Element). Some inter-domain paths carry traffic that must be assured of high quality and high reliability transfer such as telephony over IP and premium virtual private networks (VPNs). It is, therefore, important to set inter-domain redundancy paths, i. e. primary and secondary paths. The first scheme utilizes an existing protocol and the basic PCE implementation. It does not need any extension or modification. In the second scheme, PCEs make a virtual shortest path tree (VSPT) considering the candidates of primary paths that have corresponding secondary paths. The goal is to reduce blocking probability; corresponding secondary paths may be found more often after a primary path is decided; no protocol extension is necessary. In the third scheme, PCEs make a VSPT considering all candidates of primary and secondary paths. Blocking probability is further decreased since all possible candidates are located, and the sum of primary and secondary path cost is reduced by choosing the pair with minimum cost among all path pairs. Numerical evaluations show that the second and third schemes offer only a few percent reduction in blocking probability and path pair total cost, while the overheads imposed by protocol revision and increase of the amount of calculation and information to be exchanged are large. This suggests that the first scheme, the most basic and simple one, is the best choice.

  8. Factors Affecting High School Students’ Career Preference: A Basis for Career Planning Program

    OpenAIRE

    Nancy Talavera Pascual

    2014-01-01

    Unemployment rate in the country is commonly associated with the misfit graduates produced by universities and colleges and the workforce needed by different companies. The wrong choice of course taken by most of high school students adds to the unemployment and underemployment rate of newly graduate students. With this the study determined the factors affecting the fourth year high school students’ career preference of University of Rizal System’ Laboratory School in Morong Rizal. The rela...

  9. Examining the Application of Holland's Theory to Vocational Interests and Choices of Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mei

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the applicability of Holland's career development theory in cross-cultural settings by examining vocational interests of Chinese college students and the relationship between those interests and their career choices. One hundred sixty five Chinese college students complete a Chinese version of the Self-Directed Search and a…

  10. Getting There "Cuando No Hay Camino" (When There Is No Path): Paths to Discovery "Testimonios" by Chicanas in STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, Norma

    2012-01-01

    This essay outlines how the book, "Paths to Discovery: Autobiographies from Chicanas with Careers in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering" (Cantu, 2008) came about. I then use "testimonio" theory to analyze the narratives in this book as the data of a qualitative study, and I describe the general themes that the analysis highlights. I scrutinize…

  11. Minimum wage careers?

    OpenAIRE

    William J. Carrington; Bruce C. Fallick

    1999-01-01

    This paper investigates the extent to which people spend careers on minimum wage jobs. We find that a small but non-trivial number of NLSY respondents spend 25%, 50%, or even 75% of the first ten years of their career on minimum or near-minimum wage jobs. Workers with these minimum wage careers tend to be drawn from groups such as women, blacks, and the less-educated that are generally overrepresented in the low-wage population. The results indicate that lifetime incomes of some workers may b...

  12. Academic career in medicine – requirements and conditions for successful advancement in Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stamm Martina

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates a sample of young physicians aspiring to an academic career were surveyed on their career support and barriers experienced up to their sixth year of postgraduate training. Methods Thirty-one junior academics took part in semi-structured telephone interviews in 2007. The interview guideline focused on career paths to date, career support and barriers experienced, and recommendations for junior and senior academics. The qualitatively assessed data were evaluated according to Mayring's content analysis. Furthermore, quantitatively gained data from the total cohort sample on person- and career-related characteristics were analyzed in regard to differences between the junior academics and cohort doctors who aspire to another career in medicine. Results Junior academics differ in terms of instrumentality as a person-related factor, and in terms of intrinsic career motivation and mentoring as career-related factors from cohort doctors who follow other career paths in medicine; they also show higher scores in the Career-Success Scale. Four types of career path could be identified in junior academics: (1 focus on basic sciences, (2 strong focus on research (PhD programs followed by clinical training, (3 one to two years in research followed by clinical training, (4 clinical training and research in parallel. The interview material revealed the following categories of career-supporting experience: making oneself out as a proactive junior physician, research resources provided by superior staff, and social network; statements concerning career barriers encompassed interference between clinical training and research activities, insufficient research coaching, and personality related barriers. Recommendations for junior academics focused on mentoring and professional networking, for senior academics on interest in human resource development and being role

  13. Energy-technology choices: Shaping our future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report provides a broad overview of energy choices facing the Nation. It is not an exhaustive analysis of any one technology; rather, it draws together the main themes of OTA reports from the past 16 years, and other documents, into an outline of the main directions the country could follow. The report contrasts a baseline scenario (no major initiatives or surprises) with five variations representing different paths the Nation could follow: emphasizing production of conventional fuels, improving efficiency of use to the economic optimum, minimizing the use of energy as far as is technologically possible, emphasizing renewable energy sources, and emphasizing nuclear energy. Any of these scenarios could be the most appropriate path depending on the resolution of uncertainties over climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect, technological developments, and resource discoveries. Each scenario presents risks as well as opportunities. The report describes the choices available to policymakers and the implications of choosing one path versus another

  14. The long-term costs of career interruptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketsche, Patricia G; Branscomb, Lisette

    2003-01-01

    This article is based on a study that analyzed the long-term salary implications of career choices made by healthcare administrators. The study used a cohort of graduates from a single health administration program; these individuals had comparable levels of human capital at the outset of their careers. We estimated the effect of periods of part-time employment and job interruptions--voluntary and involuntary--on long-term salary progression. We also estimated the impact of other career choices, such as membership in a professional organization or the decision to relocate. After controlling for these choices, we estimated the residual effect of gender on salary. We found that voluntary interruptions had a greater effect on long-term salary growth than did involuntary interruptions of the same length or periods of part-time employment. Individuals evaluating options for balancing career and family constraints should understand the long-term cost of choosing a career interruption rather than part-time employment during periods of heightened responsibilities outside the workplace. Healthcare administrators should also be educated about the positive association between professional memberships and career advancement to make informed decisions about participation in such organizations. Surprisingly, after controlling for all choice variables, gender had no measurable effect on long-term salary growth. Half of those who indicated a voluntary interruption for dependent care reasons preferred part-time or flexible-hour work if it had been available. These results suggest that a pool of healthcare administrators might compete for positions if more part-time opportunities were available. PMID:12592867

  15. Does race really matter? Career goals, perceptions of criminal justice practitioners and competence among criminal justice undergraduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youngyol Y. Schanz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examines whether race or ethnicity affects student decision-making pertaining to career goals and choices. The career goals and choices of undergraduates in criminal justice (CJ were surveyed in early spring of 2006. The research also investigates students’ perceptions of their own perceived competence as future CJ practitioners. Data were collected from CJ undergraduates from an urban university in the upper Midwestern part of the U.S. The results indicate that racial or ethnic minority students have significantly different career goals and choices than those of non-minority students. Some future research implications and policy implications are discussed.

  16. Career Research Issues in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Firkola, Peter

    2004-01-01

    Research on career development in Japanese companies has been limited. This paper provides an overview of research related to careers. Research on career development in Japan is then reviewed. It was found that the concept of career development differs between Western and Japanese culture. The main implication is that Japanese companies may have to adjust their management practices to respond to changing employee career attitudes. (JEL N12)

  17. Social Attitude and Teaching as a Career Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, C. A.

    1970-01-01

    Students were asked to recall what was the general reaction of their peer group, their parents, and their teachers when they first stated that they intended to be a teacher. They report significantly more negative social pressure from peers than from others suggesting that public relations programs should be strengthened at the high school level.…

  18. Choices & Careers; Free to Choose: Traditional Roles. With Leaders Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodge, Carol J.

    Focusing on a comparison of actual roles with stereotypical roles of tribal women, this unit emphasizes the fact that roles of Indian women of the past were dependent upon tribal customs and living conditions. The narrative section of the unit examines typical roles in Woodland tribes and describes the false information and stereotypes which…

  19. Constrained After College: Student Loans and Early Career Occupational Choices

    OpenAIRE

    Jesse Rothstein; Cecilia Elena Rouse

    2007-01-01

    In the early 2000s, a highly selective university introduced a "no-loans" policy under which the loan component of financial aid awards was replaced with grants. We use this natural experiment to identify the causal effect of student debt on employment outcomes. In the standard life-cycle model, young people make optimal educational investment decisions if they are able to finance these investments by borrowing against future earnings; the presence of debt has only income effects on future de...

  20. The Career Choice of Business Graduates: SMEs or MNCs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moy, Jane W.; Lee, Sze M.

    2002-01-01

    Business undergraduates' (n=116) ratings of job attributes were overall less favorable for small/medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) than multinational corporations. SME employers' (n=30) perceptions of the attractiveness of these attributes were very different. Comparison of recruitment packages indicated that job security and long-term career…

  1. Careers and people

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    A polymath whose career has taken her, in her words, “from biology to physics to computer science to social sciences and back to biomedical sciences”, Jennifer Tour Chayes has never shied away from new challenges.

  2. Composing and Arranging Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Elliott; And Others

    1977-01-01

    With the inspiration, the originality, the skill and craftsmanship, the business acumen, the patience, and the luck, it's possible to become a classical composer, pop/rock/country composer, jingle composer, or educational composer. Describes these careers. (Editor/RK)

  3. Career interest, self-efficacy, and perception in undecided and nursing undergraduate students: a quantitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fillman, Valentina M

    2015-01-01

    Career choice variables of career interest, self-efficacy, and perception were chosen based upon Social Cognitive Career Theory concepts for study between nursing and undecided undergraduate student groups. Components of the Career Search Questionnaire and Perceptions of Professional Nursing instruments were combined and adapted to form the Career Choice Survey for use in this research. This web-based survey totaling 40 questions was sent to 577 undergraduate students with a 12% response rate (N=68). Due to the need to increase nursing recruitment and retention, hypotheses were developed that distinguish if any relationship existed between groups. Findings of this quantitative study resulted in statistically significant results on two of the three variable hypotheses (p=.006 for career interest, p=.002 for self-efficacy, p=.395 for perception), aligning with previous research and provide insight into the change in nursing perception. Overall, scores for each subscale were encouraging to current nurses and expected from undecided students. Implications for practice include increases in accurate nursing portrayal in the media and early career counseling to younger populations. Nurse educators can further research in career choice with focus on continuing education for current nurses and recruitment of young nursing hopefuls. PMID:25218036

  4. Woman, M.D.: issues, perceptions and choices.

    OpenAIRE

    Johns, C. J.

    1996-01-01

    I would end with some summarizing points and questions. 1. A majority of women identify gender-related issues influencing their career choices and pathways. 2. Women are diverse in their choices and priorities, with varying balances of personal and professional life. 3. Eighty-three percent of the women responding to the survey have married, and 82% of those married have children. They thus are likely to have two sets of seriously competing responsibilities. 4. It is possible to identify espe...

  5. Searching for Meanings in Finnish Athletes Career Experiences: An Existential-Narrative Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronkainen, Noora; Ryba, Tatiana

    2013-01-01

    male elite runners and/or orienteers to understand how their narrations about career, key events in sport and life and perceptions of successes and failures are permuted with their personal values and cultural worldviews. Exploring personal narratives is informative, because they also reveal how......In this research, we explore the ways in which Finnish endurance athletes construct and negotiate meanings in athletic career and retirement. Career studies in occupational psychology suggest that existential concerns can play a vital role in people’s career choices and transitions (Mcmorland...... & Lips-Wiersma 2006); yet an existential framework has rarely been utilized in athletic career research. Existential psychology places the questions of meaning, choice, responsibility, authenticity, finitude and loneliness at the center of human existence. It has the potential to provide insights into...

  6. Clinical careers film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Those interested in developing clinical academic careers might be interested in a short animated film by Health Education England (HEE) and the National Institute for Health Research. The three-minute film, a frame from which is shown below, describes the sort of opportunities that are on offer to all professionals as part of the HEE's clinical academic careers framework. You can view the film on YouTube at tinyurl.com/pelb95c. PMID:26309005

  7. Career Success Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Mulhall, Sue

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates how researchers have responded to requests to encourage a broader definition of career success by conducting research with underrepresented groups. It investigates the sample populations that are researched, and the type of work experience that is studied, by reviewing 89 articles in journals concerned with the construct of career success from 1992 to 2009. The paper finds that such research principally focuses on managers, professionals and administrators, and the wor...

  8. The universal path integral

    OpenAIRE

    Lloyd, Seth; Dreyer, Olaf

    2013-01-01

    Path integrals represent a powerful route to quantization: they calculate probabilities by summing over classical configurations of variables such as fields, assigning each configuration a phase equal to the action of that configuration. This paper defines a universal path integral, which sums over all computable structures. This path integral contains as sub-integrals all possible computable path integrals, including those of field theory, the standard model of elementary particles, discrete...

  9. Carolinas Energy Career Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Classens, Anver; Hooper, Dick; Johnson, Bruce

    2013-03-31

    Central Piedmont Community College (CPCC), located in Charlotte, North Carolina, established the Carolinas Energy Career Center (Center) - a comprehensive training entity to meet the dynamic needs of the Charlotte region's energy workforce. The Center provides training for high-demand careers in both conventional energy (fossil) and renewable energy (nuclear and solar technologies/energy efficiency). CPCC completed four tasks that will position the Center as a leading resource for energy career training in the Southeast: • Development and Pilot of a New Advanced Welding Curriculum, • Program Enhancement of Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) Technology, • Student Support through implementation of a model targeted toward Energy and STEM Careers to support student learning, • Project Management and Reporting. As a result of DOE funding support, CPCC achieved the following outcomes: • Increased capacity to serve and train students in emerging energy industry careers; • Developed new courses and curricula to support emerging energy industry careers; • Established new training/laboratory resources; • Generated a pool of highly qualified, technically skilled workers to support the growing energy industry sector.

  10. Did you say career evolution at CERN?

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2009-01-01

    From 1960s to the 1980s, so for just over thirty years, the Organization had a system of advancement governed by seniority, based on ‘grades’. Faced with a third of the staff who were demotivated, because they were stuck at the end of their grade, a tool to assess performance at work, MOAS, was introduced in 1991 to implement a “a merit-oriented advancement policy based on career path advancement”1. This new system aimed to correct the shortcomings of its predecessor, by “[…] creating new means of motivation […]”.

  11. A nested recursive logit model for route choice analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mai, Tien; Frejinger, Emma; Fosgerau, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    We propose a route choice model that relaxes the independence from irrelevant alternatives property of the logit model by allowing scale parameters to be link specific. Similar to the recursive logit (RL) model proposed by Fosgerau et al. (2013), the choice of path is modeled as a sequence of lin...

  12. Charter School Path Paved with Choice, Compromise, Common Sense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junge, Ember Reichgott

    2014-01-01

    A state legislator who played a key role in enacting the nation's first charter school law in Minnesota tells the story of shaping the ideas and the bill. She now looks for ways that charter schools can coexist with traditional public schools to deliver a better education for all children.

  13. Parents' and children's beliefs about science and science careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telfer, Jo Ann

    Science has become an essential part of our cultural, social and technological lives. Around the world economic policies are giving high priority to the production of new knowledge generated by scientists. Unfortunately, gender equality in science-related careers has not been achieved. Women who possess high intellectual and personal abilities are succeeding in many occupational areas previously closed to all but the most impervious women, but females are still largely underrepresented in physical science and mathematics related careers. The purpose of the current study was to examine the reasons for this underrepresentation of women in science-related careers. Participants included a subset of mothers (n = 174), fathers (n = 132) and children (n = 186) from a larger study at the University of Calgary entitled Gender Differences in Student Participation and Achievement in the Sciences: Choice or Chance ? Telephone interview and survey questionnaire data were examined for gender and achievement level differences, focusing on high achieving girls who are most likely to succeed in science-related careers. Relationships between parents' and children's responses were also examined using the theoretical construct of Eccles' Model of Achievement Related Choices. Gathered data were studied using factor analysis, multivariate analysis of variance, analysis of variance as well as categorical analysis of qualitative results. Girls and boys achieved similar grades on all academic measures except the Alberta Science Achievement Test, where boys scored significantly higher than girls. Mothers, fathers, and children indicated positive attitudes towards science, no gender stereotyping about science and science careers, and gender neutral beliefs about science achievement. Gender differences were found in expressed possibility of future career choice. Science/Professional Careers were viewed as male occupations by mothers and children, but as gender neutral occupations by fathers

  14. Reflexivity, Self-Identity and Resilience in Career Development: Hints from a Qualitative Research Study in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomassini, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    One of the most typical features characterising modern ways of living and working is represented by the dynamism required by individuals in navigating their career paths. This article explores some case studies of career development collected through biographical interviews carried out within the Italian strand of the Cedefop project. These relate…

  15. Fractional path planning and path tracking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the main results of the application of fractional approach in path planning and path tracking. A new robust path planning design for mobile robot was studied in dynamic environment. The normalized attractive force applied to the robot is based on a fictitious fractional attractive potential. This method allows to obtain robust path planning despite robot mass variation. The danger level of each obstacles is characterized by the fractional order of the repulsive potential of the obstacles. Under these conditions, the robot dynamic behavior was studied by analyzing its X - Y path planning with dynamic target or dynamic obstacles. The case of simultaneously mobile obstacles and target is also considered. The influence of the robot mass variation is studied and the robustness analysis of the obtained path shows the robustness improvement due to the non integer order properties. Pre shaping approach is used to reduce system vibration in motion control. Desired systems inputs are altered so that the system finishes the requested move without residual vibration. This technique, developed by N.C. Singer and W.P.Seering, is used for flexible structure control, particularly in the aerospace field. In a previous work, this method was extended for explicit fractional derivative systems and applied to second generation CRONE control, the robustness was also studied. CRONE (the French acronym of Commande Robuste d'Ordre Non Entier) control system design is a frequency-domain based methodology using complex fractional integration.

  16. Stated and revealed heterogeneous risk preferences in educational choice

    OpenAIRE

    Frank M. Fossen; Glocker, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    Stated survey measures of risk preferences are increasingly being used in the literature, and they have been compared to revealed risk aversion primarily by means of experiments such as lottery choice tasks. In this paper, we investigate educational choice, which involves the comparison of risky future income paths and therefore depends on risk and time preferences. In contrast to experimental settings, educational choice is one of the most important economic decisions taken by individuals, a...

  17. Girls, Girls, Girls: Gender Composition and Female School Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneeweis, Nicole; Zweimuller, Martina

    2012-01-01

    Gender segregation in employment may be explained by women's reluctance to choose technical occupations. However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier. Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes. One possible…

  18. Personality types and specialist choices in medical students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mehmood, Syed Imran; Khan, Muhammad Abid; Walsh, Kieran M.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research on the correlation between personality and students' specialty choice is helpful in their career counselling process and in predicting the future distribution of the specialties in a country. Aims: This study is the first of its kind in the Arab world. The research questions wer

  19. Advertising's Effect on Community College Search and Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucciarone, Kristy

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze how advertising affects a student's search and community college choice among the plethora of community colleges, career/technical schools, universities, and other influencers. The results of the research indicate that parents, friends, high school counselors, economics (i.e., money), and…

  20. Social Defaults: Observed Choices Become Choice Defaults

    OpenAIRE

    Young Eun Huh; Joachim Vosgerau; Morewedge, Carey K.

    2014-01-01

    Defaults effects can be created by social contexts. The observed choices of others can become social defaults, increasing their choice share. Social default effects are a novel form of social influence not due to normative or informational influence: participants were more likely to mimic observed choices when choosing in private than in public (experiment 1) and when stakes were low rather than high (experiment 2). Like other default effects, social default effects were greater for uncertain...